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Sample records for chaetodipterus faber broussonet

  1. Sonus Faber Casa专卖店

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    享受意大利式的奢侈豪华,欣赏顶级的Sonus Faber扬声器,这里是中国第一个按照意大利风格装修的Sonus Faber Casa专卖店。亲临Sonus Faber Casa专卖店,将为顾客提供百分百意大利血统的Audio Analogue CD播放器,扩音机等音响器材,还有美得一如名画与雕刻艺术品的Sonus Faber音箱,以及闻名世界的Barco-Cine Versum投影机。

  2. The remodeling conjecture and the Faber-Pandharipande formula

    CERN Document Server

    Bouchard, Vincent; Marchal, Olivier; Sulkowski, Piotr

    2011-01-01

    In this note, we prove that the free energies F_g constructed from the Eynard-Orantin topological recursion applied to the curve mirror to C^3 reproduce the Faber-Pandharipande formula for genus g Gromov-Witten invariants of C^3. This completes the proof of the remodeling conjecture for C^3.

  3. Faber polynomials with applications to univalent functions with quasiconformal extensions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    We obtain some convergence properties concerning Faber polynomials and apply them to studying univalent functions with quasiconformal extensions. In particular, by introducing an operator on the usual l2 space, we obtain some new characterizations of quasiconformal extendablity and asymptotic conformality for univalent functions.

  4. Faber polynomials with applications to univalent functions with quasiconformal extensions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN YuLiang

    2009-01-01

    We obtain some convergence properties concerning Faber polynomials and apply them to studying univalent functions with quasiconformal extensions.In particular,by introducing an operator on the usual 12 space,we obtain some new characterizations of quasiconformal extendablity and asymptotic conformality for univalent functions.

  5. A new proof of Faber's intersection number conjecture

    CERN Document Server

    Buryak, A

    2009-01-01

    We give a new proof of Faber's intersection number conjecture concerning the top intersections in the tautological ring of the moduli space of curves $\\M_g$. The proof is based on a very straightforward geometric and combinatorial computation with double ramification cycles.

  6. An iterative method for the solution of nonlinear systems using the Faber polynomials for annular sectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Myers, N.J. [Univ. of Durham (United Kingdom)

    1994-12-31

    The author gives a hybrid method for the iterative solution of linear systems of equations Ax = b, where the matrix (A) is nonsingular, sparse and nonsymmetric. As in a method developed by Starke and Varga the method begins with a number of steps of the Arnoldi method to produce some information on the location of the spectrum of A. This method then switches to an iterative method based on the Faber polynomials for an annular sector placed around these eigenvalue estimates. The Faber polynomials for an annular sector are used because, firstly an annular sector can easily be placed around any eigenvalue estimates bounded away from zero, and secondly the Faber polynomials are known analytically for an annular sector. Finally the author gives three numerical examples, two of which allow comparison with Starke and Varga`s results. The third is an example of a matrix for which many iterative methods would fall, but this method converges.

  7. Cecilia Böhl de Faber entre los románticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arroyo Almaraz, Antonio

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Cecilia Böhl de Faber and Francisca Ruiz de Larrea were both involved in the publication of the story La madre o El combate de Trafalgar published in the illustrated magazine El Artista, a staunch defender of Romanticism. The story was written by Cecilia Böhl de Faber and sent to the magazine by Francisca Ruiz de Larrea, after she had translated it from French and slightly adapted it. This made Cecilia Böhl de Faber the only woman writer to have been published in the romantic magazine, where she advocated aesthetic principles that would later characterise her work.Cecilia Böhl de Faber y Francisca Ruiz de Larrea participan en la edición del cuento La madre o El combate de Trafalgar publicado en la revista ilustrada El Artista, de gran trascendencia en la defensa del Romanticismo. El relato fue escrito por la primera y enviado a la revista por la segunda, una vez que lo tradujo del francés modificando en parte el mismo. A partir de este hecho aparece Cecilia como la única escritora que publicó en la revista romántica defendiendo a su vez principios estéticos que veremos posteriormente en su obra.

  8. Faber-Krahn Inequalities for the Robin-Laplacian: A Free Discontinuity Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucur, Dorin; Giacomini, Alessandro

    2015-11-01

    Isoperimetric inequalities for the principal eigenvalues of the Robin-Laplacian are interpreted as free discontinuity problems (of unusual type). We prove a full range of Faber-Krahn inequalities in a nonlinear setting and for non smooth domains, including the open case of the torsional rigidity. The key point of the analysis relies on regularity issues for free discontinuity problems in spaces of functions of bounded variation. As a byproduct, we obtain the best constants for a class of Poincaré inequalities with trace terms in.

  9. Potencial atrator de peixes ósseos em recife artificial no litoral norte do estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Attractor potential of osteichthyes in artificial reef on the northern coast of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Paes Gomes

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Artificial reefs have become an important and popular resource enhancement technique by concentrating fishes and by increasing natural production of biological resources. In order to increase the necto-benthic colonization potencial, an artificial reef was installed on the northern coast of Rio de Janeiro (21º27'S, 41ºOO'W, an area with typically low relief bottom. Measuring nearly 1500 m², the reef consisted of four sets of different materials randomly disposed: concrete pipes (N = 12; tires structures (N = 20; and cement tanks (N = 7 and pre-made blocks (N = 4. ln order to determine the artificial reef effects on the teleost community, trammel nets were used for monthly sampling the reef site (RA and on a control area (AC with sandy bottom. During the 23-month survey from April/96 to March/98, were recorded: a Chaetodipterus faber (Broussonet, 1782 and Haemulon aurolieatum (Cuvier, 1829 as exclusive species of the RA; b higher values of species richness and abundance on the RA, at least in 5 of 8 periods; c increase on the fish abundance on summer months. Correlation analysis indicated that salinity and precipitation were the most significant environmental factors correlated with the temporal fish community variation. This results highlight the importance of rainfall periodicity and the influence of Paraíba do Sul River on the nekton assemblage distribution. It is suggested that the functional role of the artificial reef might be related to higher availability of local shelter and food resources.

  10. An Asymptotic Faber-Krahn Inequality for the Combinatorial Laplacian on Z^2

    CERN Document Server

    Shlapentokh-Rothman, Yakov

    2010-01-01

    The Faber-Krahn inequality states that among all open domains with a fixed volume in R^n, the ball minimizes the first Dirichlet eigenvalue of the Laplacian. We study an asymptotic discrete analogue of this for the combinatorial Dirichlet Laplacian acting on induced subgraphs of Z^2. Namely, an induced subgraph G with n vertices is called a minimizing subgraph if it minimizes the first eigenvalue of the combinatorial Dirichlet Laplacian among all induced subgraphs with n vertices. Consider an induced subgraph G and take the interior of the union of closed squares of area 1 about each point of G. Let G* denote this domain scaled down to have area 1. Our main theorem states that if {G_n} is a sequence of minimizing subgraphs where each G_n has n vertices, then after translation the measure of the symmetric difference of G_n* and the unit disk converges to 0.

  11. The Faber-Jackson relation and Fundamental Plane from halo abundance matching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desmond, Harry; Wechsler, Risa H.

    2017-02-01

    The Fundamental Plane (FP) describes the relation between the stellar mass, size, and velocity dispersion of elliptical galaxies; the Faber-Jackson relation (FJR) is its projection on to {mass, velocity} space. In this work, we re-deploy and expand the framework of Desmond & Wechsler to ask whether abundance matching-based Λ-cold dark matter models which have shown success in matching the spatial distribution of galaxies are also capable of explaining key properties of the FJR and FP, including their scatter. Within our framework, agreement with the normalization of the FJR requires haloes to expand in response to disc formation. We find that the tilt of the FP may be explained by a combination of the observed non-homology in galaxy structure and the variation in mass-to-light ratio produced by abundance matching with a universal initial mass function, provided that the anisotropy of stellar motions is taken into account. However, the predicted scatter around the FP is considerably increased by situating galaxies in cosmologically motivated haloes due to the variations in halo properties at fixed stellar mass and appears to exceed that of the data. This implies that additional correlations between galaxy and halo variables may be required to fully reconcile these models with elliptical galaxy scaling relations.

  12. Reflexões sobre a articulação entre o homo faber e o homo sapiens na enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Nogueira Valenca

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudo reflexivo com o objetivo de analisar a articulação entre o enfermeiro-docente (Homo sapiens e o enfermeiro-assistencial (Homo faber no ambiente hospitalar, à luz do pensamento gramsciano. Na Enfermagem, coexistem duas dimensões: a teórica, exemplificada na figura do enfermeiro docente com seus projetos de pesquisa e publicações científicas; e a dimensão prática, com a atuação técnico-assistencial. Evidencia-se o distanciamento do enfermeiro docente em relação aos cenários de prática da graduação, assim como do enfermeiro assistencial, da pesquisa e da prática baseada em evidências científicas. Face ao dilema entre Homo faber e Homo sapiens na Enfermagem, emerge a importância de refletir sobre a dimensão ética subjacente às ações de ambos, centradas no ser humano. Este diálogo não pode ser ignorado, pois dele depende o desbravamento de novos horizontes e o crescimento da Enfermagem enquanto ciência e prática social.

  13. Energy management: analysis of reducing energy consumption by sectors of the A.W. Faber-Castell S.A. company; Gerenciamento energetico: analise de reducao do consumo de energia eletrica de setores da empresa A.W. Faber-Castell S.A.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Jesue Ferraz da [Faculdades Integradas de Sao Carlos (FADISC), SP (Brazil); Branco, Fabio Jose Ceron [Universidade de Sao Paulo (EESC/USP), Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil). Escola de Engenharia

    2009-07-01

    The energy consumption in the sectors that require a lot of input from the company A.W. Faber-Castell S.A. after the implementation of the program to reduce energy consumption by the Internal Committee for Energy Conservation was studied. This program aimed to reduce by 0.5% of electric power in the company.

  14. On the origin of the Fundamental Plane and Faber-Jackson relations: consequences for the star formation problem

    CERN Document Server

    D'Onofrio, Mauro; Chiosi, Cesare; Chiosi, Emanuela; Marziani, Paola

    2016-01-01

    We show that the origin of the Fundamental Plane (FP) relation for early-type galaxies (ETGs) can be traced back to the existence of two distinct virtual planes for each galaxy in the \\muerespace\\ space. The first virtual plane is the Virial Plane (VP) relating the total galaxy mass to the \\muerespace\\ variables, while the other plane (named here BB plane) comes from a relation $L=L'_0 \\sigma^{\\beta}$ with $\\beta=-2$ connecting the luminosity of galaxies with the velocity dispersion through a factor $L'_0$ which varies considerably from galaxy to galaxy. This relation permits to explain the downsizing phenomenon and the Zone of Exclusion (ZOE) visible in the $I_e-R_e$ plane. The intersection of the $L=L'_0 \\sigma^{-2}$ relations in the $L-\\sigma$ plane with the zero-point lines of the VP at each galaxy radius originate the observed $L=L_0 \\sigma^2$ Faber-Jackson relation, where $L_0$ is a constant nearly equal for all ETGs. We show that this relation is the translation of the stellar black body law of Stefan-...

  15. Homo (pre) faber

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Ángel de la Cova Morillo-Velarde

    2012-01-01

    RESUMEN En el presente número de la Revista PpA, dedicado a la vivienda prefabricada, se entrelazan dos de los campos de investigación de la arquitectura más efervescentes del último siglo: técnica y habitar. Industrialización, estandarización, modulación y seriación se confunden con el concepto de prefabricación como finas capas de un hojaldre difíciles de separar, horneadas bajo un mismo fuego que no es otro que el de responder a través de la producción reglada al alojamiento. En todos esto...

  16. La pédagogie des langues-cultures comme science et comme art ; Homo sapiens, faber, loquens, ludens : l’intérité humaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Demorgon

    2014-04-01

    Homo sapiens, faber, loquens, ludens: The human interity Abstract: The most common attitude consists in separating techniques, sciences, arts and languages. Unfortunately, by losing sight of their common origin, we lose the means of associating them in our learning processes and our teaching practices. These have to base themselves in human “interity” (between-ness. It makes anthropological references necessary to human adaptation and historical and geographical references to their joint developments. It is on these bases that sciences and educational arts are going to allow the appropriate exchanges between the singular persons in interaction in and outside the class. This new pedagogy of the languages-cultures places them in a humanity in progress: competitive, conflicting, and complementary. It can be better understood and reinforced with works as those of Giorgio Agamben, François Jullien and Henri Van Lier.

  17. 光纤溶脂和透明质酸填充术在面部年轻化整形中的应用%Clinical application of faber de-fattingand and hyaluronic acid filling in facial rejuvenation design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹敏; 吴姗姗; 麦跃; 刘翔

    2015-01-01

    目的:提出应用光纤溶脂技术联合透明质酸填充进行面部年轻化整形的新概念.方法:早期应用光纤溶脂技术溶解因老化引起的松弛下垂的脂肪团,后期应用透明质酸填充面部萎缩凹陷部位.结果:本组患者30例,术后回访4~6个月,面部衰老现象明显改善.结论:光纤溶脂联合透明质酸填充,创伤小、年轻化美容效果明显,可达面部精细化雕塑的目的.%Objective To propose a new concept of facial rejuvenation design in using faber de-fatting and hyaluronic acid filling technology. Methods We adopted faber de-fatting technology to conduct sagging cellulite in early,two weeks later,hyaluronic acid was filled in facial depression. Results 30 patients in this group with postoperative visit 4-6 months,the facial aging phenomenon was significantly improved. Conclusion Faber de-fatting combined with hyaluronic acid filling of trauma and effect was obvious,achieve facial fine sculpture.

  18. A Steep Slope and Small Scatter for the High-Mass End of the Faber-Jackson Relation at z~0.55

    CERN Document Server

    Montero-Dorta, Antonio D; Bolton, Adam S; Brownstein, Joel R; Weiner, Benjamin J

    2015-01-01

    We measure the intrinsic Faber-Jackson (F-J) relation between velocity dispersion $\\sigma$ and luminosity $L$ for massive, luminous red galaxies (LRGs) at redshift z~0.55. We achieve unprecedented precision by using a sample of 600,000 galaxies with spectra from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) of the third Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III). We deconvolve the effects of photometric errors, limited spectroscopic signal-to-noise ratio, and red--blue galaxy confusion using a novel hierarchical Bayesian formalism that is generally applicable to any combination of photometric and spectroscopic observables. For a F-J relation of the form $L \\propto \\sigma^{\\beta}$, we find $\\beta = 7.8 \\pm 1.1$ for $\\sigma$ corrected to the effective radius. We find a very small intrinsic scatter of $s = 0.047 \\pm 0.004$ in $\\log_{10} \\sigma$ at fixed $L$. Assuming plausible stellar population models, our measurements are consistent with no evolution in the parameters of the F-J relation over the range 0.5 < ...

  19. The universal Faber-Jackson relation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sanders, R. H.

    2010-01-01

    In the context of modified Newtonian dynamics, the Fundamental Plane, as the observational signature of the Newtonian virial theorem, is defined by high-surface-brightness objects that deviate from being purely isothermal: the line-of-sight velocity dispersion should slowly decline with radius as ob

  20. Familia Faber: The Family as Maker of the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boulding, Elise

    1983-01-01

    Presented at the National Council on Family Relations Annual Meeting, October, 1981, Milwaukee, WI. The creative response of households to boom-town stress is examined, indicating a significant amount of household-initiated future-oriented community building takes place under stress of rapid growth. (Author/JAC)

  1. Catherine Merridale, Ivan's War, the Red Army 1939-1945, London: Faber and Faber, 2005, 396 pages.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joris Van Bladel

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Catherine Merridale's first well reviewed and much appraised book “Night of Stone, Death and Memory in Russia” (Granta, 2000  examined the culture of suffering in Russia during the Soviet period. One key chapter in this previous book detailed the ordeals undergone by the Russian Armed Forces and the people at large, during the Great Patriotic War. Five years later, the British historian brings her expertise to this topic in  Ivan's War.At first glance, the topic of suffering and endurance of...

  2. Checklist of Fishes from Madagascar Reef, Campeche Bank, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Zarco Perello

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the first list of fish species from Madagascar Reef, Campeche Bank, Gulf of México. Field surveys and literature review identified 54 species belonging to 8 orders, 30 families and 43 genera, comprising both conspicuous and cryptic fishes. Species richness was lower at this reef site compared to reefs in the Mexican Caribbean, Veracruz or Tuxpan, but was similar to other reefs in the same region. Species composition was a mixture of species present in all the reef systems of the Mexican Atlantic. Hypoplectrus ecosur was recorded here for the first time in the Gulf of Mexico, Mycteroperca microlepis, Equetus lanceolatus and Chaetodipterus faber were new records for the reefs of the Campeche Bank, Elacatinus xanthiprora was recorded for the second time in Mexico and expanded its known distribution westwards from Alacranes Reef and Sanopus reticulatus, endemic of the Yucatan state, was recorded here for the first time on a reef.

  3. 带我去旅行Faber-Castell椰木系列笔

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    用椰木来做笔杆会是什么样的效果?Faber—Castell会给你一个正确答案。这个系列拥有自动铅笔、原子笔、钢珠笔及钢笔4种款式。Faber—Castell采用特殊制作技术.取下少许可用高品质之椰木压制成笔杆,再进行磨平抛光,使坚硬的椰木可以保持坚硬.却又不易断裂,并保留椰木之天然纹理。每枝笔款的木材纹路不尽相同,笔帽及笔头皆采用亮面铬金属制成,简单中带有耀眼的迷人风采。

  4. A FABER-JACKSON RELATION FOR CLUSTERS OF GALAXIES - IMPLICATIONS FOR MODIFIED DYNAMICS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    SANDORS, RH

    1994-01-01

    In a sample of 20 rich clusters of galaxies, the mass of the hot X-ray emitting gas is correlated with the square of the gas temperature. Because the hot intra-cluster gas comprises most of the baryonic mass in rich clusters, this correlation implies a mass-velocity dispersion relation of the form s

  5. Comparative visual ecophysiology of mid-Atlantic temperate reef fishes

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    Andrij Z. Horodysky

    2013-11-01

    The absolute light sensitivities, temporal properties, and spectral sensitivities of the visual systems of three mid-Atlantic temperate reef fishes (Atlantic spadefish [Ephippidae: Chaetodipterus faber], tautog [Labridae: Tautoga onitis], and black sea bass [Serranidae: Centropristis striata] were studied via electroretinography (ERG. Pelagic Atlantic spadefish exhibited higher temporal resolution but a narrower dynamic range than the two more demersal foragers. The higher luminous sensitivities of tautog and black sea bass were similar to other benthic and demersal coastal mid-Atlantic fishes. Flicker fusion frequency experiments revealed significant interspecific differences at maximum intensities that correlated with lifestyle and habitat. Spectral responses of the three species spanned 400–610 nm, with high likelihood of cone dichromacy providing the basis for color and contrast discrimination. Significant day-night differences in spectral responses were evident in spadefish and black sea bass but not tautog, a labrid with characteristic structure-associated nocturnal torpor. Atlantic spadefish responded to a wider range of wavelengths than did deeper-dwelling tautog or black sea bass. Collectively, these results suggest that temperate reef-associated fishes are well-adapted to their gradient of brighter to dimmer photoclimates, representative of their unique ecologies and life histories. Continuing anthropogenic degradation of water quality in coastal environments, at a pace faster than the evolution of visual systems, may however impede visual foraging and reproductive signaling in temperate reef fishes.

  6. Pengaruh Strategi Green Marketing Terhadap Keputusan Membeli Pensil Tulis Dan Pensil Warna Faber Castell Pada Masyarakat Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Hidayat, Toni

    2015-01-01

    The increase in global warming has caused green marketing to become the main issue in the business world. Green marketing has become the need for producers and consumers to create healthful environment. Green marketing is as type of marketing, where a company sells friendly-environmental products. In the concept of green marketing, a company has performed green marketing since the beginning of the processing of the product for the sake of its survival. The formula of the problem in the resear...

  7. [Walter Leitsch. Sigismund III. von Polen und Jan Zamoysky : die Rolle Estlands in der Rivalität zwischen König und Hetman] / Martin Faber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Faber, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus: Leitsch, Walter. Sigismund III. von Polen und Jan Zamoysky : die Rolle Estlands in der Rivalität zwischen König und Hetman. Wien : Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2006

  8. Wahaha vs. Danone Dispute Leads to Reflections on China’s FDI Policies——A Special Interview with ZONG Qinghou and Emmanuel Faber

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶文添; 唐清建

    2007-01-01

    Background: In 1996, Wahaha, Danone and BNP (Hong Kong) jointly invested in and incorporated 5 companies to manufacture Wahaha brand products, including purified water and eight-treasure porridge. Wahaha holds 49% equity interests in these companies, while Danone later became the dominant shareholder with a 51% stake after acquiring shares held by BNP in the aftermath of the Asian financial crisis. Danone then proposed to transfer the Wahaha brand to a joint venture but did not succeed. Subsequently, a trademark usage contract was signed by both parties instead. In the ensuing years, the Wahaha Group established non-JV companies in west China, central China and the Three Gorges reservoir area. These companies had RMB 5.6 billion of total assets as of December 31st, 2006 and made a net income of RMB 1.04 billion in that year. On April 3rd, 2007, Danone intended to force a deal by which it could acquire 51% equity interests in those non-JV companies for a sum of RMB 4 billion. Wahaha Chairman Zong Qinghou later complained that he and Wahaha fell into a trap set up by Danone. Both parties have since engaged in a lengthy "war of words", thereby arousing a grand debate on China’s FDI policies.

  9. U.S. Air Force Junior Officers: Changing Professional Identity and Commitment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    professionalization of everyone?" American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 70, No. 2 (1964), pp. 137-158. 20 See Elliot Freidson , Doctoring Together: A...Faber and Faber. Freidson , Elliot 1975 Doctoring Together: A Study of Professional Social Control. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Gabower, G

  10. Rejse til Kina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, Sidsel; Søholt, Svend

    1997-01-01

    Om en gruppe af 21 arkitekter der drog af sted til Kina. Med på turen var arkitekt Tobias Faber en stor kender af Kina's bygningskultur og filosofi.......Om en gruppe af 21 arkitekter der drog af sted til Kina. Med på turen var arkitekt Tobias Faber en stor kender af Kina's bygningskultur og filosofi....

  11. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI has failed to distinguish between smaller gut regions and larger haemal sinuses in sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinoidea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghiselin Michael T

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A response to Ziegler A, Faber C, Mueller S, Bartolomaeus T: Systematic comparison and reconstruction of sea urchin (Echinoidea internal anatomy: a novel approach using magnetic resonance imaging. BMC Biol 2008, 6: 33.

  12. 78 FR 48653 - Fisheries of the South Atlantic; South Atlantic Fishery Management Council; Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... Fishery Management Council (SAFMC) Scientific and Statistical Committee (SSC). SUMMARY: The SAFMC will... Atlantic Fishery Management Council; Public Meeting AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS...: South Atlantic Fishery Management Council, 4055 Faber Place Drive, Suite 201, N. Charleston, SC...

  13. Military Representation: The Theoretical and Practical Implications of Population Representation in the American Armed Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-10-01

    London: Faber and Faber, 1970. Laski , Harold J. Democracy in Crisis. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1933. Lasswell, Harold D. "The Garrison...levels." 2 Indeed, Lt. General Harold G. Moore, Army Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel, continued, "[w]e believe that these quality personnel should be...set themselves at odds with Secretary of Defense Harold Brown, an opponent of peacetime registration.3 Similarly, Army Chief of Staff Bernard L

  14. The utilization of fiction when teaching the theory of relativity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hellstrand, A.; Ott, A.

    1995-09-01

    This paper describes a way of teaching the theory of relativity with the aid of a novel (Stannard, R., 1989: The Time and Space of Uncle Albert (Faber and Faber)). The experiment is part of a large research project whose aim is to contribute to the formation of didactic theories by means of an evaluation of alternative methods. The preliminary examination reported here has given such remarkable results that they should also be of interest outside the project group.

  15. Preventing a Cyber Dresden: How the Evolution of Air Power can Guide the Evolution of Cyber

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    National Security Law & Policy, Volume 4, Number 1, 2010, 173. 13 Bill Gates, provided the imagination. 19 Moore ‟s Law and Metcalfe‟s Law...the creation of PC-DOS for IBM; and, most notably thereafter, the launch of Windows in 1985. 20 Moore ‟s Law describes that the number of...calculation and coordination of the end and the means.” Basil Liddell Hart, Strategy (London: Faber & Faber, 1967), 322. 7 Everett C Dolman

  16. Induced Insecurity: Understanding the Potential Pitfalls in Developing Theater Campaign Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-11

    Theory, Hans Morgenthau , wrote that alliances are "a necessary function ofthe balance of power operating in a multiple state system.Ŗ Kenneth Waltz...Faber and Faber, Ltd., 1967), 228. 2. Hans J. Morgenthau , Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, 41h ed., (New York: Knopf, 1967...Instability in Europe after the Cold War." International Security 15, no. 1 (Summer 1990): 5-56. Morgenthau , Hans J. Politics Among Nations: The

  17. Miracle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2015-01-01

    A musical setting for tenor, violin and organ of Seamus Heaney's poem Miracle from the collection "Human Chain", published by Faber & Faber, London, 2010. The piece was written for and given its first performance at a concert in Trinitatis Church, Copenhagen on 12 March 2015 by Christian Damsgaard...... presentations from 2 conferences on Saints' Cults (ora pro nobis I and II; Copenhagen 2014 and 2015). The conference, the concert and the CD and the forthcoming book has been funded by the European Science Foundation. Seamus Heaney's poem "Miracle" responds to the biblical narrative in Mark 2:1-12....

  18. Command and Control in Virtual Environments: Using Contingency Theory to Understand Organization in Virtual Worlds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    4 Other information (e.g., “race”) is readily available too, and facilities exist to examine avatars’ capabilities (e.g... Disney  Beatenetworks  Endemol  Enel  Ducati  Eudoxa  Faber Maunsell  Forward Together  Gabetti Property Solutions

  19. Ethnic Diversity and Political Conflict: The Magyars in Transylvania,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-19

    long invoked in our imagination images of Brain Stoker’s Dracula , wolfsbane, and of backward, superstitious _ peasants cowering in their villages at...Transylvanias or Tomorr w. 25 Dec 1982 Dracula Count. 06 Mar 1976 Editorial, "Minority in Rumania" New York imels 17 July 1971. Faber, Bernard Lewis

  20. Representing Trust in Cognitive Social Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    that are not linear. Real communications within social networks transmit by taking multiple routes and therefore it is likely that important pieces...Grooming, gossip , and the evolution of language. London, UK: Faber Limited. Dutt, V. (2011). Explaining human behavior in dynamic tasks through

  1. Working Papers in Dialogue Modeling. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    DENNETT , D.C., "Geach on Intentional Identity", Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 65, May 30, 1968 FABER, Richard N, "Statements and What is Stated...Dominion University Norfoik, Vfl 23508 Dr. Daniel RI pert Compulei -B.-s-.cd Enducation Research Laboratory University of Illirois Urbana, IL 61801

  2. FGFR1タンパク発現の低いFGFR1遺伝子増幅肺癌では他の活性型チロシンキナーゼ受容体がFGFR阻害剤の効果を軽減する

    OpenAIRE

    小谷, 浩

    2016-01-01

    博士論文要旨Abstract 以下に掲載:Oncogene Epub ahead of print Nature Publishing Group. 共著者:Hiroshi Kotani, Hiromichi Ebi, Hidenori Kitai, Shigeki Nanjo, Kenji Kita, Tiffany G. Huynh, Akishi Ooi, Anthony C. Faber, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Seiji Yano

  3. The Nature of Dynamic Arteriolar Vasoreactivity: A Mini-Review and A classification Scheme

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-08

    Vascular patterns and active vasomotion as determinants of blood flow through minute vessels. Angiology , 6:291-310, 1955. 4. Wiedeman, M.P. 1963...through minute vessels. Angiology , 6:291-310, 1955. Bruttig et al. -- 17 21. Faber, J.E., P.D. Harris and D.L. Wiegman. Anesthetic depression of

  4. Cosmology and cluster halo scaling relations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Araya-Melo, Pablo A.; van de Weygaert, Rien; Jones, Bernard J. T.

    2009-01-01

    We explore the effects of dark matter and dark energy on the dynamical scaling properties of galaxy clusters. We investigate the cluster Faber-Jackson (FJ), Kormendy and Fundamental Plane (FP) relations between the mass, radius and velocity dispersion of cluster-sized haloes in cosmological N-body s

  5. Hämmastavad esikteosed / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : Andrew Miller. Salakaval valu; Helen Dewitt. Viimane samurai; Michel Faber. Naha all; Ana̐s Nin. Venuse delta; Eeva Park. Vaba langemine; Henri Troyat. Kohutavad keisrinnad; 11. september : terrorirünnaku tagamaad : / [koost. Stefan Aust, Cordt Schnibben... jt.]; Deepak Chopra. Täiuslik tervis; Charlie Jones. Elu on võrratu; Matt Ridley, Matt. Vooruse lätted

  6. 78 FR 59916 - Fisheries of the South Atlantic; South Atlantic Fishery Management Council; Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    .... SUMMARY: The South Atlantic Fishery Management Council (SAFMC) will hold a meeting of its Scientific and... Atlantic Fishery Management Council; Public Meeting AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS...; fax: (843) 744- 4472. Council address: South Atlantic Fishery Management Council, 4055 Faber...

  7. American Foreign Policy: Regional Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-15

    Faber, 2007), especially pp. 31– 41. 39. John Darwin , After Tamerlane: The Rise and Fall of Global Empires, 1400–2000 (London: 2007), p. 26. 138 AMERICAN...encounter be- tween three men (Yeltsin, Stanislav Shushkevich, and Leonid Kravchuk repre- senting Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine respectively) in the forests of

  8. Lectures and notes: Mirzakhani's volume recursion and approach for the Witten-Kontsevich theorem on moduli tautological intersection numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Wolpert, Scott A

    2011-01-01

    The materials accompany a lecture short course presented at the 2011 Park City Mathematics Institute, Graduate Summer School on Moduli Spaces of Riemann Surfaces. The lectures were part of/coordinated with an overall program, including lectures by Ursula Hamenstadt on Teichmueller Theory, Andy Putman on Mapping Class and Torelli Groups, and Carel Faber on Tautological algebras of Moduli Spaces.

  9. Approximations of Two-Attribute Utility Functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-09-01

    Introduction to Approximation Theory, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1966. Faber, G., Uber die interpolatorische Darstellung stetiger Funktionen, Deutsche...Management Review 14 (1972b) 37-50. Keeney, R. L., A decision analysis with multiple objectives: the Mexico City airport, Bell Journal of Economics

  10. High-resolution re-simulations of massive DM halos and the Fundamental Plane of galaxy clusters

    CERN Document Server

    Lanzoni, B; Ciotti, L

    2002-01-01

    Pure N-body high-resolution re-simulations of 13 massive dark matter halos in a Lambda-CDM cosmology are presented. The resulting sample is used to investigate the physical origin of the Fundamental Plane, ``Faber-Jackson'', and ``Kormendy'' relations observed for nearby galaxy clusters. In particular, we focus on the role of dissipationless hierarchical merging in establishing or modifying these relations. Contrarily to what found in the case of the Faber-Jackson and Kormendy relations for galaxies (see Londrillo, Nipoti and Ciotti, this conference), dissipationless merging on cluster scales produces scaling relations remarkably similar to the observed ones. This suggests that gas dissipation plays a minor role in the formation of galaxy clusters, and the hierarchical merger scenario is not at odd with the observed regularity of these systems.

  11. Validation of three compulsive buying scales on an Italian sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tommasi, Marco; Busonera, Alessandra

    2012-12-01

    Compulsive shopping is an impulse control disorder that produces psychological distress. Appropriate measurement scales of compulsive buying are important to identify compulsive buyers. Three compulsive buying scales (Faber and O'Guinn scale, Edwards scale, Yale and Brown scale) were tested in an Italian sample composed of 438 participants randomly selected from the general population. Self-report questionnaires measured psychiatric dysfunctions and personality traits. The data confirmed that high anxiety, obsessive-compulsive dysfunctions, depression, psychoticism, and low self-esteem were associated with inappropriate shopping. The Faber and O'Guinn scale and Edwards Scale are appropriate for surveys, while the Yale and Brown scale are more appropriate for clinical diagnosis of psychological dependences.

  12. Fernán Caballero, pionera en la recolección del romancero de tradición oral moderna (Fernan Caballero, a Pioneer in the Collection of Ballads of Modern oral Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vega de la Muela, Carmen de la

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Cecilia Böhl de Faber, Fernán Caballero, es pionera en la recolección de romances tradicionales por tierras andaluzas en las primeras décadas del siglo XIX. A través de sus escritos costumbristas, la novelista presenta todo un repertorio de romances y canciones populares que serán de gran trascendencia para los posteriores estudios del folclore andaluz. Abstract: Cecilia Böhl Faber, "Fernán Caballero", is a pioneer in the collection of traditional ballads through Andalusia in the early decades of the nineteenth century. Through his writings customs, the novelist presents a repertoire of ballads and folk songs that will be of great importance for the further study of Andalusian folklore.

  13. Relations in the tautological ring

    CERN Document Server

    Pandharipande, R

    2011-01-01

    These notes cover our series of three lectures at Humboldt University in Berlin for the October 2010 conference "Intersection theory on moduli space" (organized by G. Farkas). The topic concerns relations among the kappa classes in the tautological ring of the moduli space of genus g curves. After a discussion of classical constructions in Wick form, we derive an explicit set of relations obtained from the virtual geometry of the moduli space of stable quotients. In a series of steps, the stable quotient relations are transformed to simpler and simpler forms. Our final result establishes a previously conjectural set of tautological relations proposed a decade ago by Faber-Zagier. The Faber-Zagier relations are defined using g and a single series in one variable with coefficients (6i)!/(3i)!(2i)!. Whether these relations span the complete set of relations among the kappa classes on the moduli space of genus g curves is an interesting question.

  14. KP hierarchy for Hodge integrals

    OpenAIRE

    Kazarian, M.

    2008-01-01

    Starting from the ELSV formula, we derive a number of new equations on the generating functions for Hodge integrals over the moduli space of complex curves. This gives a new simple and uniform treatment of certain known results on Hodge integrals like Witten's conjecture, Virasoro constrains, Faber's lambda_g conjecture etc. Among other results we show that a properly arranged generating function for Hodge integrals satisfies the equations of the KP hierarchy.

  15. 铅笔人生“铅”变万化的纸上精灵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    1 Graf von Faber- Castell Perfect Pencil此款超奢华铅笔采用加州上等雪松木制作,并配备了可以当做卷笔刀的延长器、精致笔盖、修剪器以及橡皮擦,延长器材质可选镀白金和纯银,可谓奢华空前。

  16. Environmental Assessment: Permanent Western United States C-17 Landing Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    introduction of amphibian diseases to the action area by disinfecting equipment and clothing as directed in the October 2003 California tiger salamander survey...southern Oregon to the San Pedro Martir in Baja California . Chaparral is a semi-arid or arid, shrub dominated association of woody plants shaped by summer... Introduction to California Spring Wildflowers of the Foothills, Valleys, and Coast. Edited by D. Lake and P. M. Faber. University of California

  17. Some observations on the first eigenvalue of the p-Laplacian and its connections with asymmetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tilak Bhattacharya

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we present a lower bound for the first eigenvalue of the p-Laplacian on bounded domains in $mathbb{R}^2$. Let $lambda_1$ be the first eigenvalue and $lambda_1^*$ be the first eigenvalue for the ball of the same volume. Then we show that $lambda_1gelambda_1^*(1+Calpha(Omega^{3}$, for some constant $C$, where $alpha$ is the asymmetry of the domain $Omega$. This provides a lower bound sharper than the bound in Faber-Krahn inequality.

  18. Galaxy merging and the Fundamental Plane of elliptical galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Nipoti, C; Ciotti, L; Nipoti, Carlo; Londrillo, Pasquale; Ciotti, Luca

    2001-01-01

    We present preliminary results of numerical simulations of dissipationless merging of stellar systems, aimed at exploring the consequences of merging between gas free, spheroidal systems. In particular, we study the dynamical and structural characteristics of hierarchical merging between equal mass stellar systems, and we compare the properties of the end-products with the most important structural and dynamical scaling relations obeyed by spheroids. In the explored hierarchy of four successive mergings we find that the FP tilt is marginally conserved, but both the Faber-Jackson and Kormendy relations are not conserved.

  19. One of the two end-cap vacuum chambers for the CMS experiment has been completed.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2005-01-01

    This 7.5-metre-long cone-shaped object is the fruit of many years' development and its machining and assembly were performed with the utmost precision. Part of the team involved in the design and production of the end-cap vacuum chamber for CMS, standing behind the completed segment. Picture 02 from left to right : Thierry Tardy (TS/MME), Luigi Leggiero (TS/MME), Patrick Lepeule (AT/VAC), Gérard Faber (ETH Zürich), Stefano Bongiovani (CINEL Project Manager), Giuseppe Foffano (TS/MME) and Marc Thiebert (TS/MME).

  20. 再见了! 亲爱的本子和笔

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季琦

    2010-01-01

    异化商铺流行的背后,恰恰是传统业态退出舞台的替代。我偏爱文具,在文具里最喜欢纸和笔,本子以简洁、没有LOGO的为好,纸张以松软、毛糙的淡黄色为佳;铅笔喜欢德国的Faber-Castell,钢笔喜欢派克(Parker),圆珠笔偏爱万宝龙(Montblanc)。参加活动赠送礼品,通常被我保留的也大多是笔。

  1. What Remains of Man and of the World: Reflections on the Age of Ecological Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Rasini, Vallori

    2014-01-01

    Man and world look like residuals: human being is an organic remnant relic), as the survivor of a process of self alienation, in which the machine has been elected as a despot; world (or nature) is exhausted in the attempt to maintain a balance. The contemporary massive technological development seems supported by the idea that man is a Homo faber authorized to operate on nature without limits. This is the idea of a superior being with a dominant role in the world. The Judaic-Christian tradit...

  2. Velocity dispersion of M87 using a population model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angione, R. J.; Junkkarinen, V.; Talbert, F. D.; Brandt, J. C.

    1980-01-01

    The velocity dispersion of M 87 (NGC 4486) is determined using (1) a single star of class K0 III and (2) two different population models to represent the spectral region of the G-band. Although the models fit the overall spectrum better than the single-star, there is only a small difference in the derived velocity dispersion. This work revises the earlier velocity dispersion result of Brandt and Roosen (1969) down to 350 km/sec, in agreement with Faber and Jackson (1976) and Sargent et al. (1978).

  3. Detection of orchitis and sacroiliitis due to brucellosis by 99mTc polyclonal human immunoglobulin scintigraphy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadanali, Ayten; Uslu, Hatice; Bayraktar, Rezan; Varoglu, Erhan

    2012-07-01

    Here, we report 1 case of Brucella orchitis detected by 99mTc human immunoglobulin scintigraphy and confirmed by testicular ultrasound. A 29-year-old farmer was admitted to our hospital with fever, fatigue, arthralgia, and painful scrotal swelling that had appeared 12 days before admission. Clinically, right sacroiliitis was recorded through the Fabere test Unilateral sacroiliitis and orchitis were detected by 99mTc human immunoglobulin scintigraphy. Hypoechoic left testicular lesions and swelling of the concurrent epididymis were seen on a testicular ultrasound examination. Wright agglutination test and blood specimen culture for Brucella species were positive.

  4. Around a Sobolev-Orlicz inequality for operators of given spectral density

    CERN Document Server

    Rumin, Michel

    2009-01-01

    We prove some general Sobolev-Orlicz, Nash and Faber-Krahn inequalities for positive operators of given ultracontractive norms of the spectral projectors on ]0, lambda]. For invariant operators on coverings of finite simplicial complexes this "ultracontractive spectral decay" is equivalent to von-Neumann's spectral density function. This allows in the polynomial decay case to relate the Novikov-Shubin numbers of such coverings to Sobolev inequalities on exact $\\ell^2$-cochains, and to the vanishing of the torsion of the $\\ell^{p,2}$-cohomology for some $p \\geq 2$.

  5. A spectral isoperimetric inequality for cones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Exner, Pavel; Lotoreichik, Vladimir

    2016-11-01

    In this note, we investigate three-dimensional Schrödinger operators with δ -interactions supported on C^2 -smooth cones, both finite and infinite. Our main results concern a Faber-Krahn-type inequality for the principal eigenvalue of these operators. The proofs rely on the Birman-Schwinger principle and on the fact that circles are unique minimizers for a class of energy functionals. The main novel idea consists in the way of constructing test functions for the Birman-Schwinger principle.

  6. Authigenic Gypsum in Gas-Hydrate Associated Sediments from the East Coast of India (Bay of Bengal)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kocherla, M.

    operation respectively. This is NIO contribution no… 10 4.0 References. Aharon, P., Graber, E. R. Roberts, H. H., 1992. Dissolved carbon and delta c-13 anomalies in the water column caused by hydrocarbon seeps on the northwestern Gulf of Mexico... hydrate. Geology, 24: 655–658. Botz, R., Faber, E., Whiticar, M, Brooks, J.M., 1988. Authigenic carbonates in sediments from the Gulf of Mexico. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 88: 263-272. Bohrmann, G., Greinert, J., Suess, E., Torres, M., 1998...

  7. Electronic structure of liquid iron alloys with manganese, chromium, and vanadium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kudryavtseva, E. D.; Singer, V. V.; Radovskii, I. Z.; Dovgopol, S. P.; Vorontsov, B. S.; Gel'D, P. V.

    1983-01-01

    Electrical resistivity of liquid FeCr, FeV, and FeMn alloys has been measured in the concentration range between 0 and 70% (by weight) of the dopping element, and over the temperature interval from tmelting to 1750°C. Using the Faber-Ziman-Evans method, concentration dependences of the electrical resistivity of liquid FeCr, FeV, and FeMn alloys have been calculated. Concentration dependences of the number of electrons per atom have been estimated.

  8. Sélection de parutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Si vous souhaitez soumettre une analyse d'ouvrage concernant le domaine des TIC et des langues, contactez-moi : foucher@lrl.univ-bpclermont.fr Paola NobiliOltre il libro di testo. Multimedialità e nuovi contesti per apprendere le lingueRoma : Carocci Faber, 2006ISBN : 88-7766-287-416,50 € Nicolas GuichonLangues et TICE - Méthodologie de conception multimédiaParis : Ophrys, collection Autoformation et Enseignement Multimédia, 2006ISBN : 2-7080-1155-3236 pages22 € Benoît HabertInstruments et re...

  9. Disease: H00562 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H00562 Dystrophinopathies, including: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD); Becker muscular... dystrophy (BMD); X-linked dilated cardiomyopathy (XLCM) Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is character...ized by weakness of leg, pelvic and shoulder girdle muscles starting in early childhood. Becker muscular dys...s HJ, Faber CG Hereditary muscular dystrophies and the heart. Neuromuscul Disord 20:479-92 (2010) PMID:11879...K, Speer A, Braun T, Hubner C Heterozygous myogenic factor 6 mutation associated with myopathy and severe course of Becker muscular dystrophy. Neuromuscul Disord 10:572-7 (2000) ...

  10. Formation and evolution of dwarf early-type galaxies in the Virgo cluster II. Kinematic Scaling Relations

    CERN Document Server

    Toloba, E; Peletier, R; Falcon-Barroso, J; van de Ven, G; Gorgas, J

    2012-01-01

    We place our sample of 18 Virgo dwarf early-type galaxies (dEs) on the V-K - velocity dispersion, Faber-Jackson, and Fundamental Plane (FP) scaling relations for massive early-type galaxies (Es). We use a generalized velocity dispersion, which includes rotation, to be able to compare the location of both rotationally and pressure supported dEs with those of early and late-type galaxies. We find that dEs seem to bend the Faber-Jackson relation of Es to lower velocity dispersions, being the link between Es and dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSphs). Regarding the FP relation, we find that dEs are significantly offset with respect to massive hot stellar systems, and re-casting the FP into the so-called kappa-space suggests that this offset is related to dEs having a total mass-to-light ratio higher than Es but still significantly lower than dSph galaxies. Given a stellar mass-to-light ratio based on the measured line indices of dEs, the FP offset allows us to infer that the dark matter fraction within the half light ...

  11. Scaling relations for galaxies of all types with CALIFA and MaNGA surveys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aquino-Ortíz, E.; Sánchez-Sánchez, S. F.; Valenzuela, O.; Cano-Díaz, M.; Hernández-Toledo, H.

    2016-06-01

    We used gas and stellar kinematics for the final Data Release of 667 spatially resolved galaxies publicly available from Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area survey (CALIFA) with the aim of study dynamical scaling relations as Tully & Fisher for rotation velocity, Faber & Jackson for velocity dispersion and also a combination of them through the S_{K} parameter defined as S_{K}^2 = KV_{rot}^2 + σ^2. We found a offset between gas and stellar kinematics in Tully & Fisher and Faber & Jackson relations, however when we used the S_{K} parameter all galaxies regardless of the morphological type lie in this M_{*} vs S_{k} scaling relation with a significant improvement compared with the M_{*} vs V_{rot} and M_{*} vs σ relations, in agreement with previous studies with SAMI survey, however the slope ant zero-point are different with them. We also explored different values of the K parameter, as well as different proxys to estimate V_{rot} in order to understand and characterize the physical source of scatter, slope and zero-point.

  12. Pharmaceutical Company Corruption and the Moral Crisis in Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batt, Sharon

    2016-07-01

    A much-debated series of articles in the New England Journal of Medicine in May 2015 labeled the pharmaceutical industry's critics "pharmascolds." Having followed the debate for two decades, I count myself among the scolds. The weight of the evidence overwhelmingly supports the claim that pharmaceutical policy no longer serves the public interest; the central questions now are how this happened and what to do about it. I approached three of the most recent books on the industry with these questions in mind. Deadly Medicine and Organized Crime (CRC Press, 2013), by Peter Gøtzsche, Bad Pharma (Faber & Faber, 2013), by Ben Goldacre, and Good Pharma (Palgrave MacMillan, 2015), by Donald Light and Antonio Maturo, all situate their critical assessments in high-income countries globally, depicting the problem of pharmaceuticals as too many drugs approved with too little evidence, causing too many needless deaths, and prices spiraling to heights unimaginable just a decade ago. Light and Maturo, while no less critical of the status quo than Gøtzsche and Goldacre, take a different tack: they detail the success of an alternative model for pharmaceutical research, the Mario Negri Institute in Italy, citing it as proof positive that we can indeed defy capitalism's profit imperative.

  13. Generative semantic mechanisms within morphologically complex words

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eulalia Sosa Acevedo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks to introduce an alternative perspective on the treatment of derivation within a functional framework like Role and Reference Grammar (RRG. By taking a functional perspective, we assume that word formation is a two-dimensional phenomenon involving both onomasiological and grammatical components. Furthermore, grammatical processes are considered to be semantically motivated. In order to properly account for the internal mechanisms involved in word formation, we formulate affixal lexical representations by using Lexical Templates as devised within the LCM (see Mairal Usón & Faber 2007; Mairal Usón & Ruíz de Mendoza 2008a,b; Ruiz de Mendoza & Mairal Usón 2008; Butler 2009; Cortés Rodríguez 2009, among others.This paper seeks to introduce an alternative perspective on the treatment of derivation within a functional framework like Role and Reference Grammar (RRG. By taking a functional perspective, we assume that word formation is a two-dimensional phenomenon involving both onomasiological and grammatical components. Furthermore, grammatical processes are considered to be semantically motivated. In order to properly account for the internal mechanisms involved in word formation, we formulate affixal lexical representations by using Lexical Templates as devised within the LCM (see Mairal Usón & Faber 2007; Mairal Usón & Ruíz de Mendoza 2008a,b; Ruiz de Mendoza & Mairal Usón 2008; Butler 2009; Cortés Rodríguez 2009, among others.

  14. A parallel implementation of a new fast algorithm for N-body simulations

    CERN Document Server

    Londrillo, P; Ciotti, L

    2002-01-01

    A new, momentum preserving fast Poisson solver for N-body systems sharing effective O(N) computational complexity, has been recently developed by Dehnen (2000, 2002). We have implemented the proposed algorithms in a Fortran-90 code, and parallelized it by a domain decomposition using the MPI routines. The code has been applied to intensive numerical investigations of galaxy mergers, in particular focusing on the possible origin of some of the observed scaling relations of elliptical galaxies. We found that the Fundamental Plane is preserved by an equal mass merging hierarchy, while it is not in a scenario where galaxies grow by accretion of smaller stellar systems. In addition, both the Faber-Jackson and Kormendy relations are not reproduced by our simulations.

  15. Clues on galaxy and cluster formation from their scaling relations

    CERN Document Server

    Lanzoni, B; Cappi, A; Tormen, G; Zamorani, G

    2003-01-01

    By means of high-resolution N-body simulations in a LambdaCDM cosmology, we verify that scaling relations similar to those observed for nearby galaxy clusters are also defined by their dark matter hosts; the slopes, however, are not the same. We then show that the scaling relations of galaxy clusters can be explained as the result of the cosmological collapse of density fluctuations at the appropriate scales, plus a systematic trend of the M/L ratio with cluster mass. The empirical fact that the exponent of the Faber-Jackson relation of elliptical galaxies is significantly different (higher) than that of clusters, force us to conclude that the galaxy scaling laws might derive from the cosmological collapse of density fluctuations at the epoch when galactic scales became non-linear, plus modifications afterward due to early-time dissipative merging.

  16. Ordinary tales from endoscopic odysseys: fiction, ethics, and the gastroenterological journey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meulenberg, Frans; de Beaufort, Inez D

    2014-04-01

    Fiction (i.e. novels, short stories, and movies) provides an opportunity for imaginative moral reflection and can serve as a basis for moral argument. Narratives play a role in moral reasoning because they are exemplars as well as tests. Those who care for sick people, should be interested in patient's and literary stories. Exploring the representation of gastroenterological ailments in fiction gives insight in the experience of undergoing colonoscopy, farting, pain, the borders of intimacy, hygiene and the lack of it, taboos and the doctor-patient-relationship. Included authors are, among others: Michel Faber, Alan Bennett, Charles Bukowski, Charlotte Roche and James Joyce. Several movies are discussed as well. Though in general gastroenterological problems don't seem often at foreground in fiction, in some cases they are represented in a more symbolic way, and touch upon some fundamental aspects of the human condition.

  17. Constraining dark matter halo properties using lensed SNLS supernovae

    CERN Document Server

    Jonsson, J; Hook, I; Basa, S; Carlberg, R; Conley, A; Fouchez, D; Howell, D A; Perrett, K; Pritchet, C

    2010-01-01

    This paper exploits the gravitational magnification of SNe Ia to measure properties of dark matter haloes. The magnification of individual SNe Ia can be computed using observed properties of foreground galaxies and dark matter halo models. We model the dark matter haloes of the galaxies as truncated singular isothermal spheres with velocity dispersion and truncation radius obeying luminosity dependent scaling laws. A homogeneously selected sample of 175 SNe Ia from the first 3-years of the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) in the redshift range 0.2 < z < 1 is used to constrain models of the dark matter haloes associated with foreground galaxies. The best-fitting velocity dispersion scaling law agrees well with galaxy-galaxy lensing measurements. We further find that the normalisation of the velocity dispersion of passive and star forming galaxies are consistent with empirical Faber-Jackson and Tully-Fisher relations, respectively. If we make no assumption on the normalisation of these relations, we find th...

  18. A critique and comparison of two scales from fifteen years of studying compulsive buying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manolis, Chris; Roberts, James A; Kashyap, Vishal

    2008-02-01

    Compulsive buying is an important construct in marketing that has far-reaching personal and social implications. The profile of the adult compulsive buyer in the literature is based largely on the 1992 Faber and O'Guinn Compulsive Buying Scale. A second compulsive buying scale by Edwards has also been used but sparingly. Empirical research conducted over that past 15 years with these two scales shows that, although both scales were designed to measure compulsive buying, the two appear to be different operationalizations of the construct. The present review raises several psychometric issues about both scales. Their robustness is crucial to a clear understanding of the antecedents and consequences of compulsive buying. Directions for research are added.

  19. Automatic Detection of Frontal Face Midline by Chain-coded Merlin-Farber Hough Trasform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, Daichi; Ohyama, Wataru; Wakabayashi, Tetsushi; Kimura, Fumitaka

    We propose a novel approach for detection of the facial midline (facial symmetry axis) from a frontal face image. The facial midline has several applications, for instance reducing computational cost required for facial feature extraction (FFE) and postoperative assessment for cosmetic or dental surgery. The proposed method detects the facial midline of a frontal face from an edge image as the symmetry axis using the Merlin-Faber Hough transformation. And a new performance improvement scheme for midline detection by MFHT is present. The main concept of the proposed scheme is suppression of redundant vote on the Hough parameter space by introducing chain code representation for the binary edge image. Experimental results on the image dataset containing 2409 images from FERET database indicate that the proposed algorithm can improve the accuracy of midline detection from 89.9% to 95.1 % for face images with different scales and rotation.

  20. Mass Models and Environment of the New Quadruply Lensed Quasar SDSS J1330+1810

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oguri, Masamune; Inada, Naohisa; Blackburne, Jeffrey A.; Shin, Min-Su; Kayo, Issha; Strauss, Michael A.; Schneider, Donald P.; York, Donald G.

    2008-09-09

    We present the discovery of a new quadruply lensed quasar. The lens system, SDSS J1330+1810 at z{sub s} = 1.393, was identified as a lens candidate from the spectroscopic sample of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Optical and near-infrared images clearly show four quasar images with a maximum image separation of 1.76 inch, as well as a bright lensing galaxy. We measure a redshift of the lensing galaxy of z{sub 1} = 0.373 from absorption features in the spectrum. We find a foreground group of galaxies at z = 0.31 centred {approx} 120 inch southwest of the lens system. Simple mass models fit the data quite well, including the flux ratios between images, although the lens galaxy appears to be {approx} 1 mag brighter than expected by the Faber-Jackson relation. Our mass modeling suggests that shear from nearby structure is affecting the lens potential.

  1. Linear regression in astronomy. II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feigelson, Eric D.; Babu, Gutti J.

    1992-01-01

    A wide variety of least-squares linear regression procedures used in observational astronomy, particularly investigations of the cosmic distance scale, are presented and discussed. The classes of linear models considered are (1) unweighted regression lines, with bootstrap and jackknife resampling; (2) regression solutions when measurement error, in one or both variables, dominates the scatter; (3) methods to apply a calibration line to new data; (4) truncated regression models, which apply to flux-limited data sets; and (5) censored regression models, which apply when nondetections are present. For the calibration problem we develop two new procedures: a formula for the intercept offset between two parallel data sets, which propagates slope errors from one regression to the other; and a generalization of the Working-Hotelling confidence bands to nonstandard least-squares lines. They can provide improved error analysis for Faber-Jackson, Tully-Fisher, and similar cosmic distance scale relations.

  2. CGCG 480-022: A distant lonesome merger?

    CERN Document Server

    Carretero, C; Gonzalez-Garcia, C; Beckman, J E; Quilis, V

    2006-01-01

    We present a complete analysis, which includes morphology, kinematics, stellar populations and N-body simulations of CGCG 480-022, the most distant (cz=14317 km/s) isolated galaxy studied so far in such detail. The results all support the hypothesis that this galaxy has suffered a major merger event with a companion of ~0.1 times its mass. Morphology reveals the presence of a circumnuclear ring and possibly further ring debris. The radial velocity curve looks symmetrical, whilst the velocity dispersion increases with radius reaching values that do not correspond to a virialized system. Moreover, this galaxy deviates significantly from the Fundamental Plane and the Faber-Jackson relation. The stellar population analysis show that the ring is younger and more metal-rich, which suggest that it has undergone a fairly recent burst of star formation. Both morphological and dynamical results are in broad agreeement with our N-body simulations.

  3. Dark matter or the other dynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Sobouti

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available   Allowing the energy of a gravitational field to serve partially as its own source allows gravitating bodies to exhibit stronger fields, as if they were more massive. Depending on degree of compaction of the body, the field could be one to five times larger than the Newtonian field. This is a comfortable range of increase in field strength and may prove to be of convenience in the study of velocity curves of spirals, of velocity dispersions in clusters of galaxies and in interpreting the Tully-Fisher or Faber-Jackson relations in galaxies or systems of galaxies. The revised gravitation admits of superposition principle but only approximately in systems whose components are widely separated. The revised dynamics admits of the equivalence principle in that, the effective force acting on a test particle is derived from a potential, and could be elimhnated in a freely falling frame of reference.

  4. The Eddington Limit in Cosmic Rays: An Explanation for the Observed Faintness of Starbursting Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Socrates, A; Ramirez-Ruiz, E; Socrates, Aristotle; Davis, Shane W.; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico

    2006-01-01

    We show that the luminosity of a star forming galaxy is capped by the production and subsequent expulsion of cosmic rays from its interstellar medium. By defining an Eddington luminosity in cosmic rays, we show that the star formation rate of a given galaxy is limited by its mass content and the cosmic ray mean free path. When the cosmic ray luminosity and pressure reaches a critical value as a result of vigorous star formation, hydrostatic balance is lost, a cosmic ray-driven wind develops, and star formation is choked off. Cosmic ray pressure-driven winds are likely to produce wind velocities significantly in excess of the galactic escape velocity. It is possible that cosmic ray feedback results in the Faber-Jackson relation for a plausible set of input parameters that describe cosmic ray production and transport, which are calibrated by observations of the Milky Way's interstellar cosmic rays.

  5. Conjugate gradient algorithms using multiple recursions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barth, T.; Manteuffel, T.

    1996-12-31

    Much is already known about when a conjugate gradient method can be implemented with short recursions for the direction vectors. The work done in 1984 by Faber and Manteuffel gave necessary and sufficient conditions on the iteration matrix A, in order for a conjugate gradient method to be implemented with a single recursion of a certain form. However, this form does not take into account all possible recursions. This became evident when Jagels and Reichel used an algorithm of Gragg for unitary matrices to demonstrate that the class of matrices for which a practical conjugate gradient algorithm exists can be extended to include unitary and shifted unitary matrices. The implementation uses short double recursions for the direction vectors. This motivates the study of multiple recursion algorithms.

  6. Commentary on: Are we overpathologizing everyday life? A tenable blueprint for behavioral addiction research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maraz, Aniko; Király, Orsolya; Demetrovics, Zsolt

    2015-01-01

    Background and Aims Survey-based studies often fail to take into account the predictive value of a test, in other words, the probability of a person having (or not having) the disease when scoring positive (or negative) on the given screening test. Methods We re-visited the theory and basic calculations of diagnostic accuracy. Results In general, the lower the prevalence the worse the predictive value is. When the disorder is relatively rare, a positive test finding is typically not useful in confirming its presence given the high proportion of false positive cases. For example, using the Compulsive Buying Scale (Faber & O’Guinn, 1992) three in four people classified as having compulsive buying disorder will in fact not have the disorder. Conclusions Screening tests are limited to serve as an early detection “gate” and only clinical (interview-based) studies are suitable to claim that a certain behaviour is truly “pathological”. PMID:26551904

  7. Notes on entanglement entropy for excites holographic states in 2d

    CERN Document Server

    Rashkov, Radoslav C

    2016-01-01

    In this work we revisit the problem of contributions of excited holographic states to the entanglement entropy in two-dimensional conformal field theories. Using the results of replica trick method we find three expressions for these contributions. First, we express the contribution of the excited states in terms of Aharonov invariants. It is shown that beside the Schwarzian, the one-point functions of descendants of energy-momentum also contribute. Given Schwarz-Christoffel map, the contributions to any order can be easily computed. The second expression relates the entanglement entropy of excited states to Faber polynomials and Grunsky coefficients. Based on the relation of Grunsky coefficiens to tau-funcion of dispersionless Toda hierarchy, we find the third expression for contributions of excited holographic states to the entanglement entropy.

  8. Foliations on the moduli space of curves, vanishing in cohomology, and Calogero-Moser curves

    CERN Document Server

    Grushevsky, Samuel

    2011-01-01

    Using meromorphic differentials with real periods, we show that a certain tautological homology class on the moduli space of smooth algebraic curves of genus g vanishes. The vanishing of the entire tautological ring for degree g-1 and higher, part of Faber's conjecture, is known in both homology and Chow --- it was proven by Looijenga, Ionel, and Graber-Vakil, and the class that we show vanishes is just one such tautological class. However, our approach, motivated by the Whitham perturbation theory of soliton equations, is completely new, elementary in the sense that no techniques beyond elementary complex analysis are used, and also leads to a natural non-speciality conjecture, which would imply many more vanishing results and relations among tautological classes. In the course of the proof we define and study foliations of the moduli space of curves constructed using periods of meromorphic differentials, in a way providing for meromorphic differentials a theory similar to that developed for abelian differen...

  9. Taxonomic review of Metaxia (Gastropoda: Triphoridae from Brazil, with description of a new species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício Romulo Fernandes

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The taxonomy of the species of Metaxia Monterosato, 1884 from Brazil is revised. Previously to this study, only Metaxia excelsa Faber & Moolenbeek, 1991 was known to occur in this country, under its older name Metaxia exilis (C.B. Adams, 1850. The review of a large amount of shells in malacological collections in Brazil revealed the occurrence of three known additional species: Metaxia taeniolata (Dall, 1889; Metaxia rugulosa (C.B. Adams, 1850; Metaxia prompta Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008, all previously reported from the southeast coast of the USA and/or the Caribbean region. Metaxia gongyloskymnus sp. nov., diagnosed by the globose protoconch with continuous axial ribs and microscopic spiral sculpture, is restricted to localities off the Southeastern Brazilian coast.

  10. La duda cartesiana como síntoma de la modernidad según Hannah Arendt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katiuska Reyes Galué

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Analizamos la duda cartesiana como elemento fundamental que describe desde el campo filosófico, la actitud humana en la modernidad, partiendo del criterio de Hannah Arendt. Nos explica Arendt, que fue simultáneo el crecimiento de la duda y de la ciencia, la introspección y la pérdida del sentido común, así como también la ineludible tendencia de la pérdida del sentido humano de la acción, sustituido por el ascenso del trabajo del homo faber y finalmente por la labor. Por tal razón considera que las relaciones humanas han sido afectadas hasta la exacerbación del individualismo como estilo de vida preponderante en nuestra época

  11. Early expression of aromatase and the membrane estrogen receptor GPER in neuromasts reveals a role for estrogens in the development of the frog lateral line system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Christine K; Navarro-Martin, Laia; Neufeld, Miriam; Basak, Ajoy; Trudeau, Vance L

    2014-09-01

    Estrogens and their receptors are present at very early stages of vertebrate embryogenesis before gonadal tissues are formed. However, the cellular source and the function of estrogens in embryogenesis remain major questions in developmental endocrinology. We demonstrate the presence of estrogen-synthesizing enzyme aromatase and G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) proteins throughout early embryogenesis in the model organism, Silurana tropicalis. We provide the first evidence of aromatase in the vertebrate lateral line. High levels of aromatase were detected in the mantle cells of neuromasts, the mechanosensory units of the lateral line, which persisted throughout the course of development (Nieuwkoop and Faber stages 34-47). We show that GPER is expressed in both the accessory and hair cells. Pharmacological activation of GPER with the agonist G-1 disrupted neuromast development and migration. Future study of this novel estrogen system in the amphibian lateral line may shed light on similar systems such as the mammalian inner ear.

  12. The Influences of Metacognitive Awareness on Reading Comprehension in Iranian English Undergraduate students in Kerman, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Anjomshoaa

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G. & Tiffin, H. (2002. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Postcolonial Literature.2nd ed. London: Routeledge, 2002. Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G. & Tiffin, H. (1995. The post-colonial studies reader. London: Routledge,.  Bhabha. H. K. ( 1990. Nation and Narration. 1sted.London:Routledge. Beckett, S. (1990. The Complete Dramatic Works of Samuel Beckett. London: Faber Faber. Brandabur, C. (2006. "The Elephant in the Living-Room: A Postcolonial Reading of Waiting for Godot". Cross Culture ,85, 128-151. Esslin, M. (2001. The Theatre of Absurd.3rded. New York: Vintage. Fanon, F. (1963. The Wretched of the Earth, New York: Grove Weidenfeld. Ghanbari, M.R. (2008. "A Comparative Study of the Notion of Waiting for a Savior in Religion and in Waiting for Godot". World Applied Sciences Journal 3: 733-737. Gleitman, C. (2008. A Concise Companion to Contemporary British and Irish Drama. Oxford: John Willey &Son, Ltd. Grene, N. (2004. The politics of Irish Drama: Plays in Context from Boucicault to Friel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hodges, S. (2010. The Digital Absurd. Unpublished Doctoral. Dissertation, the School of Literature, Communication and Culture: Georgia Institute of Technology. Hyland, P. & Sammells,N.( Ed.. ( 1994.  Irish Writing: Exile and Subversion. London: Palgrave. Kamyabi Mesak, A. ( 2002.  Beckett's Last Interview. trans. Farideh Razi. Tehran: Arvij. Knowlson, J. (2004 Damned to Fame: The Life of Samuel Beckett. New York: Grove Press. McDonald, R. (2002 Tragedy and Irish Literature: Synge, O'Casey, Beckett. New York: Palgrave. Morash,C. (2002. A History of Irish Theatre: 1601-2000.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pearson, N. C. (2001 '' 'Outside of Here It's Death': Co-Dependency and the Ghost of Decolonization in Endgame''.  ELH 68, (1: 215-239. Richards, S, (Ed.. (2004. The Cambridge Companion to Twentieth-Century Irish Drama Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Uhlmann, A

  13. A re-evaluation of the premaxillary bone in humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barteczko, K; Jacob, M

    2004-03-01

    The discovery of the premaxillary bone (os incisivum, os intermaxillare or premaxilla) in humans has been attributed to Goethe, and it has also been named os Goethei. However, Broussonet (1779) and Vicq d'Azyr (1780) came to the same result with different methods. The first anatomists described this medial part of the upper jaw as a separate bone in the vertebrate skull, and, as we know, Coiter (1573) was the first to present an illustration of the sutura incisiva in the human. This fact, and furthermore its development from three parts:-(1) the alveolar part with the facial process, (2) the palatine process, and (3) the processus Stenonianus-can no longer be found in modern textbooks of developmental biology. At the end of the nineteenth and in the early twentieth century a vehement discussion focused on the number and position of its ossification centers and its sutures. Therefore, it is hard to believe that the elaborate work of the old embryologists is ignored and that the existence of a premaxillary bone in humans is even denied by many authors. Therefore this re-evaluation was done to demonstrate the early development of the premaxillary bone using the reconstructions of Felber (1919), Jarmer (1922) and data from our own observations on SEM micrographs and serial sections from 16 mm embryo to 68 mm fetus. Ossification of a separate premaxilla was first observed in a 16 mm embryo. We agree with Jarmer (1922), Peter (1924), and Shepherd and McCarthy (1955) that it develops from three anlagen, which are, however, not fully separated. The predominant sutura incisiva (rudimentarily seen on the facial side in a prematurely born child) and a shorter sutura intraincisiva argue in this sense. The later growth of this bone and its processes establish an important structure in the middle of the facial skull. Its architecture fits well with the functional test of others. We also focused on the relation of the developing premaxilla to the forming nasal septum moving from

  14. Variation Of The Tully-Fisher Relation As A Function Of The Magnitude Interval Of A Sample Of Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Ruelas-Mayorga, A; Trujillo-Lara, M; Nigoche-Netro, A; Echevarría, J; García, A M; Ramírez-Vélez, J

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we carry out a preliminary study of the dependence of the Tully-Fisher Relation (TFR) with the width and intensity level of the absolute magnitude interval of a limited sample of 2411 galaxies taken from Mathewson \\& Ford (1996). The galaxies in this sample do not differ significantly in morphological type, and are distributed over an $\\sim11$-magnitude interval ($-24.4 < I < -13.0$). We take as directives the papers by Nigoche-Netro et al. (2008, 2009, 2010) in which they study the dependence of the Kormendy (KR), the Fundamental Plane (FPR) and the Faber-Jackson Relations (FJR) with the magnitude interval within which the observed galaxies used to derive these relations are contained. We were able to characterise the behaviour of the TFR coefficients $(\\alpha, \\beta)$ with respect to the width of the magnitude interval as well as with the brightness of the galaxies within this magnitude interval. We concluded that the TFR for this specific sample of galaxies depends on observational ...

  15. The Origin of Dwarf Early-Type Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Toloba, Elisa

    2012-01-01

    Abridge. We have conducted a spectrophotometric study of dwarf early-type galaxies (dEs) in the Virgo cluster and in regions of lower density. We have found that these galaxies show many properties in common with late-type galaxies but not with more massive early-types (E/S0). The properties of the dEs in Virgo show gradients within the cluster. dEs in the outer parts of the Virgo cluster are kinematically supported by rotation, while those in the center are supported by the random motions of their stars (i.e. pressure supported). The rotationally supported dEs have disky isophotes and faint underlying spiral/irregular substructures, they also show younger ages than those pressure supported, which have boxy isophotes and are smooth and regular, without any substructure. We compare the position of these dEs with massive early-type galaxies in the Faber-Jackson and Fundamental Plane relations, and we find that, although there is no difference between the position of rotationally and pressure supported dEs, both...

  16. Galaxy merging, the Fundamental Plane of elliptical galaxies, and the Mbh-sigma relation

    CERN Document Server

    Nipoti, C; Ciotti, L

    2003-01-01

    We explore the effects of dissipationless merging on the Fundamental Plane of elliptical galaxies by using a N-body code based on a new, high performance numerical scheme (Dehnen 2002). We investigate the extreme cases of galaxy growth by equal mass merging and accretion of small stellar systems; in a subset of simulations we also consider the presence of dark matter halos around the merging galaxies. Curiously, we found that the Fundamental Plane is preserved by major merging, while in the accretion scenario its edge--on thickness is only marginally reproduced, with substantial thickening in the case of merging with low angular momentum. We also found that both the Faber-Jackson and Kormendy relations are not reproduced by the simulations. Finally, we discuss the implications of our results for the origin of the Mbh-sigma and Magorrian relations. We found that dissipationless merging is unable to reproduce the Mbh-sigma relation, if Mbhs add linearly (while the Magorrian relation is nicely reproduced); on th...

  17. VizieR Online Data Catalog: SN 2009dc BVRI light curves (Silverman+, 2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverman, J. M.; Ganeshalingam, M.; Li, W.; Filippenko, A. V.; Miller, A. A.; Poznanski, D.

    2011-08-01

    Observations of SN 2009dc began on 2009 Apr. 17, about one week before maximum B-band brightness, in BVRI filters using the 0.76-m Katzman Automatic Imaging Telescope (KAIT) and the 1-m Nickel telescope, both at Lick Observatory. We continued to follow SN 2009dc for over 5 months until 2009 Sept. 26, when it reached the western limit of both telescopes in the early evening. We obtained late-time gVRI images of SN 2009dc using the dual-arm Low-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (LRIS) with the 10-m Keck I telescope on 2010 Feb. 6 (281d past maximum), BRI images using the DEIMOS spectrograph (Faber et al. 2003) mounted on the 10-m Keck II telescope on 2010 Jun. 12 (403d past maximum) and V-band images again using LRIS on 2010 Jun. 13. Our optical photometry is complemented with data taken from the UltraViolet Optical Telescope (UVOT) on the Swift Observatory in the U, B, V, UVW1, UVM2 and UVW2 filters. We downloaded seven epochs of observations from the Swift archives. (2 data files).

  18. The growth of disks and bulges during hierarchical galaxy formation. I: fast evolution vs secular processes

    CERN Document Server

    Tonini, Chiara; Croton, Darren J; Wyithe, J Stuart B

    2016-01-01

    We present a theoretical model for the evolution of mass, angular momentum and size of galaxy disks and bulges, and we implement it into the semi-analytic galaxy formation code SAGE. The model follows both secular and violent evolutionary channels, including smooth accretion, disk instabilities, minor and major mergers. We find that the combination of our recipe with hierarchical clustering produces two distinct populations of bulges: merger-driven bulges, akin to classical bulges and ellipticals, and instability-driven bulges, akin to secular (or pseudo-)bulges. The model can successfully reproduce the mass-size relation of gaseous and stellar disks, the evolution of the mass-size relation of ellipticals, the Faber-Jackson relation, and the magnitude-colour diagram of classical and secular bulges. The model predicts only a small overlap of merger-driven and instability-driven components in the same galaxy, and predicts different bulge types as a function of galaxy mass and disk fraction. Bulge type also affe...

  19. Estimated prevalence of compulsive buying in Germany and its association with sociodemographic characteristics and depressive symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Astrid; Mitchell, James E; Crosby, Ross D; Gefeller, Olaf; Faber, Ronald J; Martin, Alexandra; Bleich, Stefan; Glaesmer, Heide; Exner, Cornelia; de Zwaan, Martina

    2010-12-30

    The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of compulsive buying and its association with sociodemographic characteristics and depressive symptoms in a nationally representative sample of the German population using the validated German version of the Compulsive Buying Scale (CBS; Faber and O'Guinn, 1992) in order to have a direct comparison with U.S. findings. The point prevalence of compulsive buying in the weighted representative sample (N=2,350) was estimated to be 6.9%. This was somewhat higher than the percentage in the American sample assessed in 2004 (5.8%). No significant difference was found between women and men (6.9% and 6.8%, respectively). Age was inversely related to the prevalence of compulsive buying. Individuals with compulsive buying reported more depressive symptoms assessed via the German version of the Brief Patient Health Questionnaire Mood Scale (PHQ-9). Further research on this topic is needed to establish a clearer delineation of when excessive buying is clinically significant and should be treated and how it could be prevented.

  20. Galaxy-galaxy lensing results from COMBO-17

    CERN Document Server

    Kleinheinrich, M; Erben, T; Schirmer, M; Rix, H W; Meisenheimer, K; Wolf, C; Kleinheinrich, Martina; Schneider, Peter; Erben, Thomas; Schirmer, Mischa; Rix, Hans-Walter; Meisenheimer, Klaus; Wolf, Christian

    2003-01-01

    We use galaxy-galaxy lensing to study the statistical properties of the dark matter halos of galaxies. Our data is taken from the COMBO-17 survey which has imaged 1 square degree in 17 optical filters giving accurate photometric redshifts and spectral classification down to R=24. This allows us to study lens galaxies at $z=0.2-0.7$. Shapes are measured from deep $R$-band images taken at the best seeing conditions ($0\\farcs 8$ PSF). We model the lens galaxies as singular isothermal spheres (SIS). Investigating the dependence of the velocity dispersion on the luminosities of the lens galaxies we are able to reproduce the Tully-Fisher/Faber-Jackson relation. Further we find a larger lensing signal for early-type galaxies than for the late-types. However, when testing the dependence of the velocity dispersion on radius we see clear deviations from the SIS model. The velocity dispersion is first rising and then declining again. This is exactly what is expected for lens galaxies that can be modeled by Navarro-Frenk...

  1. A simplified table for staging embryos of the pipid frog Pipa arrabali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OLÍVIA G.S. ARAÚJO

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Pipa is a Neotropical genus of frogs that dwell in freshwater environments. It includes four species that lack free-swimming larvae (P. aspera, P. arrabali, P. pipa, and P. snethlageae and three with tadpoles (P. carvalhoi, P. myersi, and P. parva. Developmental tables such as the one proposed by Nieuwkoop and Faber might be useful for Pipa species with tadpoles. However, for the other Pipa species, to determine stages by this table or by any of the tables already prepared for frogs without tadpoles (e.g., Crinia nimbus, Eleutherodactylus coqui, and Oreobates barituensis is impossible. By using embryonic, juvenile, and subadult specimens, we generated a staging table for P. arrabali, from the moment limb buds were first observed until birth, based on diagnostic features such as snout-vent length; growth, morphology, and reabsorption of the external tail; growth and differentiation of fore and hind limbs; development of intestine and vent tube; position of the angle of the mouth relative to nostrils and eyes; and color of preserved individuals. Based on these observations, we discuss some noteworthy traits (e.g., posture of hands and feet. We also compare the pattern of development of P. arrabali with that of other anuran species (with and without tadpoles.

  2. El medio y el dispositivo de seguridad: consideración desde el pensar foucaultiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Vélez Vega

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo tiene el propósito de dilucidar la relación establecida por Michel Foucault entre el medio, los dispositivos de seguridad y la población. Elementos que pueden ser anexionados o circunscritos en el ejercicio del biopoder en la Modernidad. Al exponer la relación de estos elementos preguntamos por la existencia dada del organismo o del viviente en su medio, lo cual conlleva conocer la emergencia del concepto medio y, a su vez, saber cómo se dio su desbloqueo epistemológico en el tránsito de la mecánica a la biología y a la literatura, para después situarse en la arquitectura. Una vez conocida la historia del concepto medio se discute la idea general de que el viviente, en este caso el humano, al identificarlo como homo faber, transforma su medio de manera unidireccional, ante lo cual se opone la tesis de que el humano al transformar su medio, haciéndolo artificial, termina siendo afectado por esa artificialidad misma. Por esta afectación del hombre sobre su medio y viceversa, se plantea la importancia de recurrir a una teoría del medio puesta en relación con los dispositivos de seguridad y, en todo caso, con el biopoder

  3. Hybrid Lanczos-type product methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ressel, K.J. [Swiss Center for Scientific Computing, Zuerich (Switzerland)

    1996-12-31

    A general framework is proposed to construct hybrid iterative methods for the solution of large nonsymmetric systems of linear equations. This framework is based on Lanczos-type product methods, whose iteration polynomial consists of the Lanczos polynomial multiplied by some other arbitrary, {open_quotes}shadow{close_quotes} polynomial. By using for the shadow polynomial Chebyshev (more general Faber) polynomials or L{sup 2}-optimal polynomials, hybrid (Chebyshev-like) methods are incorporated into Lanczos-type product methods. In addition, to acquire spectral information on the system matrix, which is required for such a choice of shadow polynomials, the Lanczos-process can be employed either directly or in an QMR-like approach. The QMR like approach allows the cheap computation of the roots of the B-orthogonal polynomials and the residual polynomials associated with the QMR iteration. These roots can be used as a good approximation for the spectrum of the system matrix. Different choices for the shadow polynomials and their construction are analyzed. The resulting hybrid methods are compared with standard Lanczos-type product methods, like BiOStab, BiOStab({ell}) and BiOS.

  4. The Dynamics of Orbit-Clearing for Planets on Eccentric Orbits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hastings, Danielle; Margot, Jean-Luc

    2016-10-01

    The third requirement in the 2006 International Astronomical Union (IAU) definition of a planet is that the object has cleared the neighborhood around its orbit. Margot (2015) proposed a metric that quantitatively determines if an object has enough mass to clear an orbital zone of a specific extent within a defined time interval. In this metric, the size of the zone to be cleared is given by CRH, where C is a constant and RH is the Hill Radius. Margot (2015) adopts C=2*31/2 to describe the minimum extent of orbital clearing on the basis of the planet's feeding zone. However, this value of C may only apply for eccentricities up to about 0.3 (Quillen & Faber 2006). Here, we explore the timescales and boundaries of orbital clearing for planets over a range of orbital eccentricities and planet-star mass ratios using the MERCURY integration package (Chambers 1999). The basic setup for the integrations includes a single planet orbiting a star and a uniform distribution of massless particles extending beyond CRH. The system is integrated for at least 106 revolutions and the massless particles are tracked in order to quantify the timescale and extent of the clearing.

  5. Debonding of an elastic inhomogeneity of arbitrary shape in anti-plane shear

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xu; Yang, Moxuan; Schiavone, Peter

    2016-08-01

    We investigate the anti-plane shear problem of a curvilinear crack lying along the interface of an arbitrarily shaped elastic inhomogeneity embedded in an infinite matrix subjected to uniform stresses at infinity. Complex variable and conformal mapping techniques are used to derive an analytical solution in series form. The problem is first reduced to a non-homogeneous Riemann-Hilbert problem, the solution of which can be obtained by evaluating the associated Cauchy integral. A set of linear algebraic equations is obtained from the compatibility condition imposed on the resulting analytic function defined in the inhomogeneity and its Faber series expansion. Each of the unknown coefficients in the corresponding analytic functions can then be uniquely determined by solving the linear algebraic equations, which are written concisely in matrix form. The resulting analytical solution is then used to quantify the displacement jump across the debonded section of the interface as well as the traction distribution along the bonded section of the interface. In addition, our solution allows us to obtain mode-III stress intensity factors at the two crack tips. The solution to the anti-plane problem of a partially debonded elliptical inhomogeneity containing a confocal crack is also derived using a similar method.

  6. Galactic cannibalism in the galaxy cluster C0337-2522 at z=0.59

    CERN Document Server

    Nipoti, C; Ciotti, L; Treu, T; Rosati, P

    2003-01-01

    According to the galactic cannibalism model, cD galaxies are formed in the center of galaxy clusters by merging of massive galaxies and accretion of smaller stellar systems: however, observational examples of the initial phases of this process are lacking. We have identified a strong candidate for this early stage of cD galaxy formation: a group of five elliptical galaxies in the core of the X-ray cluster C0337-2522 at redshift z=0.59. With the aid of numerical simulations, in which the galaxies are represented by N-body systems, we study their dynamical evolution up to z=0; the cluster dark matter distribution is also described as a N-body system. We find that a multiple merging event in the considered group of galaxies will take place before z=0 and that the merger remnant preserves the Fundamental Plane and the Faber-Jackson relations, while its behavior with respect to the Mbh-sigma relation is quite sensitive to the details of black hole merging [abridged].

  7. THE BLACK HOLE MASS-GALAXY LUMINOSITY RELATIONSHIP FOR SLOAN DIGITAL SKY SURVEY QUASARS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salviander, S.; Shields, G. A. [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Bonning, E. W., E-mail: triples@astro.as.utexas.edu, E-mail: shields@astro.as.utexas.edu, E-mail: erin.bonning@emory.edu [Department of Physics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322 (United States)

    2015-02-01

    We investigate the relationship between the mass of the central supermassive black hole, M {sub BH}, and the host galaxy luminosity, L {sub gal}, in a sample of quasars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7. We use composite quasar spectra binned by black hole mass and redshift to assess galaxy features that would otherwise be overwhelmed by noise in individual spectra. The black hole mass is calculated using the photoionization method, and the host galaxy luminosity is inferred from the depth of the Ca II H+K features in the composite spectra. We evaluate the evolution in the M {sub BH}-L {sub gal} relationship by examining the redshift dependence of Δ log M {sub BH}, the offset in M {sub BH} from the local M {sub BH}-L {sub gal} relationship. There is little systematic trend in Δ log M {sub BH} out to z = 0.8. Using the width of the [O III] emission line as a proxy for the stellar velocity dispersion, σ{sub *}, we find agreement of our derived host luminosities with the locally observed Faber-Jackson relation. This supports the utility of the width of the [O III] line as a proxy for σ{sub *} in statistical studies.

  8. The GALEX Arecibo SDSS Survey. IV. Baryonic Mass-Velocity-Size Relations of Massive Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Catinella, Barbara; Schiminovich, David; Lemonias, Jenna; Scannapieco, Cecilia; Wang, Jing; Fabello, Silvia; Hummels, Cameron; Moran, Sean M; Wu, Ronin; Cooper, Andrew P; Giovanelli, Riccardo; Haynes, Martha P; Heckman, Timothy M; Saintonge, Amélie

    2011-01-01

    We present dynamical scaling relations for a homogeneous and representative sample of ~500 massive galaxies, selected only by stellar mass (>10^10 Msun) and redshift (0.025Faber-Jackson (BFJ) relations for this sample, and investigate how galaxies scatter around the best fits obtained for pruned subsets of disk-dominated and bulge-dominated systems. The BFJ relation is significantly less scattered than the BTF when the relations are applied to their maximum samples, and is not affected by the inclination problems that plague the BTF. Disk-dominated, gas-rich galaxies systematically deviate from the BFJ relation defined by the spheroids. We demonstrate that by applying a simple correction to the stellar velocity dispersions that depends only on the concentration index of the galaxy, we are able to bring disks and spheroids onto the same dynamical relation -- in other words, we obtain a generalized BFJ re...

  9. The Photon-Baryon Governed Universe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laszlo A. Marosi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In a previous paper we postulated that the repulsive force responsible for the universal expansion is associated with the excitation of the empty space (quantum vacuum and the excitation energy is represented by the energy of the cosmic microwave background (CMB. In this paper, we show that the concept of the repulsive space expanding photon field (i can successfully be applied to explain the local velocity anomaly of the Milky Way Galaxy as shown by Faber and Burstein (1998 and Tully (1998, (ii offers a convincing explanation of the still disputed question of the cosmological expansion on local and intergalactic scales discussed by Cooperstock et al. (1998, and (iii explains the redshift (RS of the CMB in accordance with the law of energy conservation without the need for dark matter (DM and dark energy (DE. Probably the most remarkable result of this model (abbreviated as photon/baryon: PB model in the following discussion is that the individual voids building up the soup-bubble- (SB- like galaxy distribution are the governing dynamical components of the universal expansion. Further consequence implies that the universe is considerably older than the interpretation of the Hubble constant as expansion velocity suggests.

  10. Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence: the colour-density relation at fixed stellar mass persists to z ~ 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Michael C.; Coil, Alison L.; Gerke, Brian F.; Newman, Jeffrey A.; Bundy, Kevin; Conselice, Christopher J.; Croton, Darren J.; Davis, Marc; Faber, S. M.; Guhathakurta, Puragra; Koo, David C.; Lin, Lihwai; Weiner, Benjamin J.; Willmer, Christopher N. A.; Yan, Renbin

    2010-11-01

    We use data drawn from the DEEP2 Galaxy Redshift Survey to investigate the relationship between local galaxy density, stellar mass and rest-frame galaxy colour. At z ~ 0.9, we find that the shape of the stellar mass function at the high-mass [ log 10(M*/h-2 Msolar) > 10.1] end depends on the local environment, with high-density regions favouring more massive systems. Accounting for this stellar mass-environment relation (i.e. working at fixed stellar mass), we find a significant colour-density relation for galaxies with 10.6 1. Some of the data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. E-mail: cooper@as.arizona.edu (MCC); cnaw@as.arizona.edu (CNAW); bjw@as.arizona.edu (BJW); bgerke@slac.stanford.edu (BFG); janewman@pitt.edu (JAN); kbundy@astro.berkeley.edu (KB); marc@astro.berkeley.edu (MD); conselice@nottingham.ac.uk (CJC); dcroton@astro.swin.edu.au (DJC); faber@ucolick.org (SMF); koo@ucolick.org (DCK); raja@ucolick.org (PG); lihwailin@asiaa.sinica.edu.tw (LL); yan@astro.utoronto.ca (RY) ‡ Spitzer Fellow. ¶ Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellow. § Hubble Fellow.

  11. Effects of nonylphenol on early embryonic development, pigmentation and 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine-induced metamorphosis in Bombina orientalis (Amphibia: Anura).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Chan Jin; Kang, Han Seung; Gye, Myung Chan

    2010-11-01

    Nonylphenol (NP) is an estrogenic endocrine disruptor in many aquatic species. In an effort to highlight the developmental toxicity of NP in amphibians, we examined the effects of NP on the embryonic survival, tadpole growth, melanophore development and metamorphosis of a native Korean amphibian species, Bombina orientalis (Anura). When treated to fertilized eggs, 1 μM NP significantly decreased embryonic survival at 48 h post fertilization (p.f.), suggesting that 1 μM NP can exert systemic toxicity in B. orientalis embryos. In the surviving embryos, there were no significant differences in malformation rates between NP-treated embryos and controls at 240 h p.f., suggesting no or low teratogenicity of NP in B. orientalis embryos. Below LC(50) NP significantly decreased body growth and development of melanophores at 0.1 μM, suggesting that NP far below the LC(50) targets multiple developmental events in tadpoles of this frog species. In metamorphosis assay using the premetamorphic tadpoles (corresponding to Nieuwkoop Faber stage 53 in Xenopus laevis) exogenous 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3)-induced tail resorption was significantly decreased by 1 μM NP. However, NP (0.1 and 1 μM)-only treatment did not affected total body T3 and T4 levels, suggesting that NP at tested concentrations inhibits thyroid hormones action but not the synthesis of hormones during metamorphosis.

  12. Kinematic and chemical evolution of early-type galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Ziegler, B L; Böhm, A; Bender, R; Fritz, A; Maraston, C

    2004-01-01

    We investigate in detail 13 early-type field galaxies with 0.2Faber-Jackson and Fundamental Plane scaling relations we deduce a modest luminosity evolution in the B-band of 0.3-0.5mag for both samples. We compare measured Lick absorption line strengths (Hdelta, Hgamma, Hbeta, Mg_b, & Fe5335) with evolutionary stellar population models to derive light-averaged ages, metallicities and the element abundance ratios Mg/Fe. We find that all these three stellar parameters of the distant galaxies obey a scaling with velocity dispersion (mass) which is very well consistent with the one of local nearby galaxies. In particular, the distribution...

  13. Evolutionary Status of Early-Type Galaxies in Distant Poor Clusters

    CERN Document Server

    Fritz, A

    2004-01-01

    We introduce our project that investigates the kinematic properties of early-type galaxies in 6 distant poor clusters at z~0.25. This study represents a continuation of our efforts to understand galaxy evolution in low-density environments. Higher-resolution MOSCA spectra have been obtained at the Calar Alto 3.5-m telescope with which we can measure absorption line strengths and velocity dispersions. In conjunction with our HST/F702W images of all the clusters, we are able to construct the Fundamental Plane of ellipticals and S0 galaxies in poor clusters at a look-back time of ~3 Gyrs. For galaxies outside the HST field, we concentrate our analysis on the Mg-sigma and Faber-Jackson relations. With the line strength diagrams age/metallicity distributions can be derived in densities between the field and rich cluster environments. Comparing with our rich clusters at the same cosmic epochs, the dependence of galaxy formation models on the local environment can be tested more quantitatively.

  14. The Evolution of Spheroidal Galaxies in Different Environments

    CERN Document Server

    Fritz, Alexander

    2009-01-01

    We analyse the kinematic and chemical evolution of 203 distant spheroidal (elliptical and S0) galaxies at 0.2Faber-Jackson relation and Kormendy relation as well as the Fundamental Plane indicate a moderate evolution for the whole galaxy population in each density regime. In all environments, S0 galaxies show a faster evolution than elliptical galaxies. For the cluster galaxies a slight radial dependence of the evolution out to one virial radius is found. Dividing the samples with respect to their mass, a mass dependent evolution with a stronger evolution of lower-mass galaxies (M<2x10^{11...

  15. Permeable membranes - a tool for simplified sampling of hydrocarbon gases?; Permeable Membranen - Ein Wekzeug zur vereinfachten Probenahme von Kohlenwasserstoff-Gasen?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faber, E.; Hollerbach, A.; Poggenburg, J.; Stahl, W. [BGR, Hannover (Germany); Kaiser, H. [KaiserGEOconsult GmbH, Erlangen (Germany); Huebner, M. [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany); Tobschall, H.J. [Erlangen-Nuernberg Univ. (Germany). Lehrstuhl fuer Angewandte Geologie

    1998-12-31

    Tissue membranes are commonly used for leak detection in gas pipes. Another interesting application is in the isolation of hydrocarbons in water, sediments and soils. this requires knowledge of the time variations of the parameters of the diffusion gases, e.g. gas and isotope fractionations. Laboratory experiments were carried out in order to describe these parameters. (orig.) [Deutsch] Membranen haben die spezifische Eigenschaft fuer bestimmte Stoffe in der Gasphase durchlaessig, fuer andere mehr oder weniger undurchlaessig zu sein. Grundlage fuer ein derartiges Trennverhalten ist die Gasdiffusion durch Membranen, die mit unterschiedlichen Diffusionskoeffizienten der verschiedenen Komponenten erfolgt. Membranen in Schlauchform sind in industriellem Massstab verfuegbar und werden zur Erkennung von Ortung von Gas-Leckagen eingesetzt (Huebner und Lilie, 1997). Ueber die Leckage-Thematik hinaus besteht Interesse, das Membransystem fuer neue Anwendungsbereiche wie z.B. die Isolierung von Kohlenwasserstoffgasen aus Wasser, Sedimenten oder auch Boeden zu verwenden, um detaillierte Informationen ueber ihre Natur und ihre Herkunft aus der Gaszusammensetzung und den Kohlenstoff-Isotopenwerten (Faber, 1987) abzuleiten. Voraussetzung hierfuer ist die Kenntnis ueber die zeitlichen Aenderungen der Parameter der diffundierenden Gase, d.h. ueber die bei Diffusionsvorgaengen grundsaetzlich auftretenden Gas- und Isotopenfraktionierungen. Verschiedene Laborversuche wurden durchgefuehrt, um diese Parameter zu bestimmen. (orig.)

  16. Origin of Natural Gas in Kekeya Field, Tarim Basin, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hou Dujie; Xiao Zhongyao; Tang Youjun; Zhu Junzhang; Li Xianqing

    2004-01-01

    This paper is mainly concentrated on the geochemical characteristics and origin of gas of Kekeya field in the Tarim basin, NW China. This study shows that Permian mudstone is the main source rock of oil and gas. Based on the carbon isotopes of C1-C4, the carbon isotope of gas in Kekeya field is a little heavier than that in the typical marine-derived gas. The relationship between carbon isotopes of methane and ethane is coincident with Faber equation of gas derived from organic matter Ⅰ/Ⅱ. The majority of gas maturity is estimated, based on the formula, at 1.8 %-2.2 % besides K2 and K18 wells. In addition, the gas derived from 0.9 %-1.2 % Ro source rocks may also be mixture. 40Ar/36Ar and 3He/4He ratios from the gas samples also support the mixing process. Moreover, the gas in this region is mainly generated from more mature source rocks although the low mature gas exists.

  17. The Ultraviolet-Optical Color-Magnitude Diagram III: Constraints on Evolution from the Blue to Red Sequence

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, D C; Schiminovich, D; Barlow, T A; Forster, K; Friedman, P G; Morrissey, P; Neff, S G; Seibert, M; Small, T; Welsh, B Y; Bianchi, L; Donas, J; Heckman, T M; Lee, Y W; Madore, B F; Milliard, B; Rich, R M; Szalay, A S; Yi, S K; Wyder, Ted K.; Schiminovich, David; Barlow, Tom A.; Forster, Karl; Friedman, Peter G.; Morrissey, Patrick; Neff, Susan G.; Seibert, Mark; Small, Todd; Welsh, Barry Y.; Bianchi, Luciana; Donas, Jose; Heckman, Timothy M.; Lee, Young-Wook; Madore, Barry F.; Milliard, Bruno; Szalay, Alex S.; Yi, Sukyoung K.

    2007-01-01

    We introduce a new quantity, the mass flux density of galaxies evolving from the blue sequence to the red sequence. We propose a simple technique for constraining this mass flux using the volume corrected number density in the extinction-corrected UV-optical color magnitude distribution, the stellar age indexes H-delta-a and D_n(4000), and a simple prescription for spectral evolution using a quenched star formation history. We exploit the excellent separation of red and blue sequences in the NUV-r band color-magnitude diagram. The final value we measure, 0.033 M_sun yr^-1 Mpc^-3, is strictly speaking an upper limit due to the possible contributions of bursting, composite, and extincted galaxies. However, it compares favorably with estimates of the average mass flux that we make based on the red luminosity function evolution derived from the DEEPII and COMBO-17 surveys (Bell et al 2004; Faber et al. 2005), 0.034 M_sun yr^-1 Mpc^-3. We find that the blue sequence mass has remained roughly constant since z=1 (ma...

  18. The gold rush 1925-35.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keers, R Y

    1980-12-01

    Although from the time of Koch onwards there had been desultory experiments with a variety of gold preparations in the management of pulmonary tuberculosis, gold as a recognised and accepted treatment did not emerge until 1925. In that year Holger Mollgaard of Copenhagen introduced sanocrysin, a double thiosulphate of gold and sodium, with which he had conducted an extensive series of animal experiments. The results of these were considered to justify its use in clinical practice and two physicians, Secher and Faber, undeterred by its toxicity, reported enthusiastically in its favour. Other Danish physicians followed but, alarmed by violent reactions, modified the dosage, an example followed by British workers. Encouraging results continued to be reported although each series contained a significant proportion of failures, and toxicity remained high. The first properly planned and fully controlled clinical trial took place in the United States and produced a report which was wholly adverse and which sounded the death knell of gold therapy throughout America. Until 1934-35 gold was used extensively in Europe but thereafter there was a sudden and largely universal cessation of interest and within a few years gold, introduced with such éclat and carrying so many high hopes, had vanished from the therapy of tuberculosis even though, at that point, no better alternative was available.

  19. Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis in a Patient with Ankylosing Spondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senol Kobak

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A 26-year-old male patient presented to our rheumatology clinic with pain, swelling and limitation of movement in his right ankle, and also purpuric skin lesions in the lower extremity pretibial region. He was asked questions, and he said that he had been having chronic low back pain and morning stiffness for the last few years. His physical examination revealed that he had arthritis in his right ankle, purpuric skin lesions in pretibial regions of both legs, and bilateral FABERE/FADIR positivity. The sacroiliac joint imaging and MRI revealed bilateral sacroiliitis findings, and the lateral heel imaging revealed enthesitis. HLA-B27 was positive. Skin biopsy from lower skin lesions was reported to be consistent with leukocytoclastic vasculitis. Based on clinical, laboratory, radiological, and pathological examinations, the patient was diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis and leukocytoclastic vasculitis. Administration of corticosteroid, salazopyrin, and nonsteroid anti-inflammatory medications was started. Notable clinical and laboratory regression was observed during his checks 3 months later.

  20. Dwarf Galaxies in the Coma Cluster: I. Velocity Dispersion Measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Kourkchi, E; Carter, D; Karick, A M; Mármol-Queraltó, E; Chiboucas, K; Tully, R B; Mobasher, B; Guzmán, R; Matković, A; Gruel, N

    2011-01-01

    We present the study of a large sample of early-type dwarf galaxies in the Coma cluster observed with DEIMOS on the Keck II to determine their internal velocity dispersion. We focus on a subsample of 41 member dwarf elliptical galaxies for which the velocity dispersion can be reliably measured, 26 of which were studied for the first time. The magnitude range of our sample is $-21Faber-Jackson...

  1. Triclosan and anuran metamorphosis: no effect on thyroid-mediated metamorphosis in Xenopus laevis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fort, Douglas J; Rogers, Robert L; Gorsuch, Joseph W; Navarro, Lisa T; Peter, Robert; Plautz, James R

    2010-02-01

    Nieuwkoop and Faber stage 51 Xenopus laevis larvae were exposed for 21 days to four different concentrations of triclosan (TCS): <0.2 (control), 0.6, 1.5, 7.2, or 32.3 microg TCS/l. Primary endpoints were survival, hind limb length, body length (whole; snout to vent), developmental stage, wet whole body weight, and thyroid histology. Thyroid hormone (TH) concentrations were determined in whole thyroid and plasma samples from stage-matched exposure day 21 specimens. TH receptor-beta (TRbeta) expression was measured in stage-matched tail fin tissue samples collected at exposure days 0 and 21. Reduced larval growth occurred at exposure day 21 with 1.5 microg/l treatment. Larval developmental stage at exposure day 21 was not significantly different from controls based on observed parameters. Thyroid histology was not affected by TCS, and thyroxine (T4) levels in thyroid glands or plasma were not different from controls. A concentration-dependent increase in TRbeta expression in exposure day 21 larvae was not detected. However, increased expression was found in stage-matched larvae exposed to 1.5 or 7.2 microg TCS/l. Our study indicates that environmentally relevant TCS concentrations do not alter the normal course of thyroid-mediated metamorphosis in this standard anuran model.

  2. Evaluation of the developmental and reproductive toxicity of methoxychlor using an anuran (Xenopus tropicalis) chronic exposure model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fort, Douglas J; Thomas, John H; Rogers, Robert L; Noll, Andra; Spaulding, Clinton D; Guiney, Patrick D; Weeks, John A

    2004-10-01

    The chronic toxicity of methoxychlor to the South African clawed frog, Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalis, was evaluated using a life cycle approach. The chronic exposure period ranged from mid-cell blastula stage [NF (Nieuwkoop and Faber, 1994) stage 8] to 90 days of exposure, during which time the organisms generally completed metamorphosis and emerged as juvenile frogs. Methoxychlor concentrations ranged from 1 to 100 micrograms/l. Methoxychlor concentrations >10 micrograms/l caused delayed development. Organisms exposed to 10 micrograms/l methoxychlor for 30 days showed enlarged thyroid glands with follicular hyperplasia. No increase in mortality or external malformation was observed at any of the test concentrations during early embryo-larval development (NF stage 8 to NF stage 46; ca. 2 days exposure). A concentration-dependent increase in external malformations and internal abnormalities of the liver and gonads were noted after 90 days of exposure, however. Skewing of the sex ratio toward the female gender decreased ovary weight and number of oocytes, and increased oocyte immaturity and necrosis were noted at methoxychlor concentrations of 100 micrograms/l. Reductions in testis weight and sperm cell count were also detected at 100 micrograms/l methoxychlor. Results from these studies suggested that methoxychlor was capable of altering the rate of larval development, but did not adversely affect early embryo-larval development (2 days of exposure) as manifested in external malformations. Internal malformations, increases in the ratio of phenotypic females, were induced by chronic methoxychlor exposure. In addition, reproductive endpoints, most notably in the female specimens, were adversely affected by methoxychlor exposure. These studies add to the standardization and validation of a useful amphibian test methods capable of evaluating both reproductive and developmental effects of potential endocrine disrupting chemicals over a life cycle exposure.

  3. Sound Insulation Property of the Composite Structure with Micro-perforated Panels and Honeycomb Core%微穿孔板--蜂窝夹芯复合结构的隔声性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨军伟; 蔡俊; 邵骢

    2013-01-01

    对微穿孔板和铝蜂窝芯的复合结构,测定其具有不同参数的隔声性能。在该结构中加入GSGN薄膜和木屑板,制备出新型轻质隔声复合结构板,计权隔声量为58.41 dB,密度仅为0.037 g/mm3,达到了轻质高效隔声的目的。预期该新型复合结构板可应用于建筑材料和声屏障上,可提高结构的隔声降噪能力,改善居民生活环境质量。%A new type of light sound-insulation composite plates made up of aluminum honeycomb core and micro-perforated panels with GSGN film and sawdust-board added in was fabericated. The sound insulation properties of the plates with different structural parameters of the honeycomb cores and microperforated panels were measured. The result shows that the weighted sound-insulation index can reach 58.41 dB and the density is only 0.37 g/mm3. It is expected that the traffic noise can be greatly reduced if these composite structures are applied to the sound barriers, and the quality of acoustic environment can be greatly improved.

  4. Remote magnetic targeting of iron oxide nanoparticles for cardiovascular diagnosis and therapeutic drug delivery: where are we now?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bietenbeck M

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Michael Bietenbeck,1 Anca Florian,1 Cornelius Faber,2 Udo Sechtem,3 Ali Yilmaz11Department of Cardiology and Angiology, 2Department of Clinical Radiology, University Hospital Münster, Münster, 3Division of Cardiology, Robert-Bosch-Krankenhaus, Stuttgart, Germany Abstract: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI allows for an accurate assessment of both functional and structural cardiac parameters, and thereby appropriate diagnosis and validation of cardiovascular diseases. The diagnostic yield of cardiovascular MRI examinations is often increased by the use of contrast agents that are almost exclusively based on gadolinium compounds. Another clinically approved contrast medium is composed of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONs. These particles may expand the field of contrast-enhanced cardiovascular MRI as recently shown in clinical studies focusing on acute myocardial infarction (AMI and atherosclerosis. Furthermore, IONs open up new research opportunities such as remote magnetic drug targeting (MDT. The approach of MDT relies on the coupling of bioactive molecules and magnetic nanoparticles to form an injectable complex. This complex, in turn, can be attracted to and retained at a desired target inside the body with the help of applied magnetic fields. In comparison to common systemic drug applications, MDT techniques promise both higher concentrations at the target site and lower concentrations elsewhere in the body. Moreover, concurrent or subsequent MRI can be used for noninvasive monitoring of drug distribution and successful delivery to the desired organ in vivo. This review does not only illustrate the basic conceptual and biophysical principles of IONs, but also focuses on new research activities and achievements in the cardiovascular field, mainly in the management of AMI. Based on the presentation of successful MDT applications in preclinical models of AMI, novel approaches and the translational potential of MDT are discussed

  5. The Formation of First Generation Stars and Globular Clusters in Protogalactic Clouds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murray, S

    2003-07-07

    Within collapsing protogalaxies, thermal instability leads to the formation of a population of cool fragments which are confined by the pressure of a residual hot background medium. The critical mass required for the cold clouds to become gravitationally unstable and to form stars is determined by both their internal temperature and external pressure. Massive first generation stars form in primordial clouds with sufficient column density to shield themselves from external UV photons emitted by nearby massive stars or AGNs. Less massive photoionized clouds gain mass due to ram pressure stripping by the residual halo gas. Collisions may also trigger thermal instability and fragmentation into cloudlets. While most cloudlets have substellar masses, the largest become self-gravitating and collapse to form protostellar cores without further fragmentation. The initial stellar mass function is established as these cores capture additional residual cloudlets. Energy dissipation from the mergers ensures that the cluster remains bound in the limit of low star formation efficiency. Dissipation also promotes the formation and retention of the most massive stars in the cluster center. On the scale of the protogalactic clouds, the formation of massive stars generates intense UV radiation which photoionizes gas and quenches star formation in nearby regions. As gas density accumulates in the center of the galactic potential, the self-regulated star formation rate increases. At the location where most of the residual gas can be converted into stars on its internal dynamical timescale, a galaxy attains its asymptotic kinematic structure such as exponential profiles, Tully-Fisher, and Faber-Jackson laws.

  6. Antiquarian books as source of environment historical water data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schram, Jürgen; Schneider, Mario; Horst, Rasmus; Thieme, Hagen

    2009-05-01

    Historical environment considerations are inevitable also for modern environmental analysis. They alone allow evaluation of anthropogenic impact into the environment. To receive information about the historical environment situation in inhabited regions, we approached this task by examining historical well dated and locatable products of the Homo faber. The work introduced here uses books as a source of environment historical data specially for the environmental compartment of water. The paper of historical books, dated by their printing and allocated by their watermark(1) (Wasserzeichensammlung Piccard, Piccard online, Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart, ) is a trap for traces of heavy metals contaminating their production water in historical times. Great amounts of water were brought into contact with the paper pulp in the historical paper mill process. The cellulose of the pulp acts as an ion exchange material for heavy metals, forming a dynamic equilibrium. A well defined pulp production process, starting with used clothes, allows estimation of the concentration of historical heavy metals (Cu(2+), Pb(2+), Zn(2+), Cd(2+)) in the production water (river water). Ancient papers from well dated books are eluted without destruction of their paper and the resulting solution is analysed by ETAAS and inverse stripping voltammetry to determine the historical impact of metals. Afterwards in a flow system the eluted paper spot is equilibrated with different concentrations of heavy metals (Cu(2+), Pb(2+), Zn(2+), Cd(2+)) to plot the adsorption isotherm of that very spot. Both data together allows a calculation of the heavy metal content of the historical river. For different waters of Germany and the Netherlands of the 16th-18th Century the heavy metal load could be estimated. The resulting concentrations were mostly similar to the level of modern surface waters, but in the case of the Dutch waters of the 17th Century, they were e.g. for Pb(2+) significantly higher than modern

  7. Exposure of xenopus laevis tadpoles to cadmium reveals concentration-dependent bimodal effects on growth and monotonic effects on development and thyroid gland activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Bibek; Patino, R.

    2008-01-01

    Xenopus laevis were exposed to 0-855 ??g cadmium (Cd)/l (measured concentrations) in FETAX medium from fertilization to 47 days postfertilization. Measurements included embryonic survival and, at 47 days, tadpole survival, snout-vent length, tail length, total length, hindlimb length, weight, Nieuwkoop-Faber (NF) stage of development, initiation of metamorphic climax (??? NF 58), and thyroid follicle cell height. Embryonic and larval survival were unaffected by Cd. Relative to control tadpoles, reduced tail and total length were observed at 0.1- 8 and at 855 ??g Cd/l; and reduced snout-vent length, hindlimb length, and weight were observed at 0.1-1 and at 855 ??g Cd/l. Mean stage of development and rate of initiation of climax were unaffected by Cd at 0-84 ??g/l; however, none of the tadpoles exposed to 855 ??g Cd/l progressed beyond mid-premetamorphosis (NF 51). Thyroid glands with fully formed follicles were observed in all tadpoles ??? NF 49 examined. Follicle cell height was unaffected by Cd at 0-84 ??g/l but it was reduced at 855 ??g/l; in the latter, cell height was reduced even when compared with NF 49-51 tadpoles pooled from the 0 to 84 ??g Cd/l groups. In conclusion, (1) Cd affected tadpole growth in a bimodal pattern with the first and second inhibitory modes at concentrations below and above 84 ??g Cd/l, respectively; (2) exposure to high Cd concentrations (855 ??g/l) reduced thyroid activity and arrested tadpole development at mid-premetamorphosis; and (3) unlike its effect on growth, Cd inhibited tadpole development and thyroid function in a seemingly monotonic pattern.

  8. Changes in gastric sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) activity are associated with differences in thyroid gland sensitivity to perchlorate during metamorphosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, James A; Murali, Sharanya; Hu, Fang; Goleman, Wanda L; Carr, Deborah L; Smith, Ernest E; Wages, Mike

    2015-08-01

    We investigated stage-dependent changes in sensitivity of the thyroid gland to perchlorate during development of African clawed frog tadpoles (Xenopus laevis) in relation to non-thyroidal iodide transporting tissues. Perchlorate-induced increases in thyroid follicle cell size and colloid depletion were blunted when exposures began at Nieuwkoop-Faber (NF) stage 55 compared to when exposures began at NF stages 49 or 1-10. To determine if the development of other iodide transporting tissues may contribute to this difference we first examined which tissues expressed transcripts for the sodium dependent iodide symporter (NIS). RT-PCR analysis revealed that NIS was expressed in stomach and small intestine in addition to the thyroid gland of X. laevis tadpoles. NIS mRNA was not detected in lung, kidney, skin, gill, muscle, heart or liver. Perchlorate sensitive (125)I uptake was found in stomach, lung, kidney, gill, and small intestine but not muscle, liver, or heart. Perchlorate-sensitive (125)I uptake by stomach was 6-10 times greater than in any other non-thyroidal tissue in tadpoles. While NF stage 49 tadpoles exhibited perchlorate-sensitive uptake in stomach it was roughly 4-fold less than that observed in NF stage 55 tadpoles. Although abundance of NIS gene transcripts was greater in stomachs from NF stage 55 compared to NF stage 49 tadpoles this difference was not statistically significant. We conclude that gastric iodide uptake increases between NF stages 49 and 55, possibly due to post-translational changes in NIS glycosylation or trafficking within gastric mucosal cells. These developmental changes in gastric NIS gene expression may affect iodide availability to the thyroid gland.

  9. New precise determination of the high temperature unusual temperature dependent thermopower of liquid divalent cadmium and zinc

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giordanengo, B. [Laboratoire de Physique des Liquides et des Interfaces, 1 Boulevard Arago, 57 078 Metz Cedex 03 (France). E-mail: boris at lpli.sciences.univ-metz.fr; Ben Moussa, A.; Makradi, A.; Chaaba, H.; Gasser, J.-G. [Laboratoire de Physique des Liquides et des Interfaces, 1 Boulevard Arago, 57 078 Metz Cedex 03 (France)

    2000-04-17

    We do not know any precise measurement of the absolute thermopower (ATP) of liquid cadmium and zinc at high temperatures. For liquid cadmium, there are, in the literature, apparent contradictory results. Bath and Kliem and North and Wagner observed that the ATP increases with temperature between 350 deg. C and 650 deg. C, but Bradley observed the opposite behaviour between 600 deg. C and 750 deg. C. In this work we measured accurately the absolute thermopower of liquid cadmium from the melting point up to 900 deg. C. We find a maximum around 520 deg. C, and then the thermopower decreases down to a surprising negative value. To our knowledge, it is the first time that such an unusual behaviour is reported. Nevertheless, it is qualitatively consistent with all the authors mentioned and the apparent contradictory results should only be due to the different temperature ranges of measurements. Using the ATP expression from the Faber-Ziman formalism, we can fit very well the experimental absolute thermopower versus temperature curve with only one adjustable parameter. For this, we have considered that the temperature dependence of the ATP is dominated by the resistivity, and we have introduced the experimental resistivity temperature dependence in the ATP expression. The very good fitting quality demonstrates that our hypothesis is consistent. In contrast, the liquid zinc ATP only increases with temperature. Nevertheless, near 1100 deg. C, the highest temperature achieved, it shows saturation that may be an indication of a decrease at higher temperature. The same type of fitting gives also quite good results. (author)

  10. New precise determination of the high temperature unusual temperature dependent thermopower of liquid divalent cadmium and zinc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giordanengo, B.; Ben Moussa, A.; Makradi, A.; Chaaba, H.; Gasser, J.-G.

    2000-04-01

    We do not know any precise measurement of the absolute thermopower (ATP) of liquid cadmium and zinc at high temperatures. For liquid cadmium, there are, in the literature, apparent contradictory results. Bath and Kliem and North and Wagner observed that the ATP increases with temperature between 350 °C and 650 °C, but Bradley observed the opposite behaviour between 600 °C and 750 °C. In this work we measured accurately the absolute thermopower of liquid cadmium from the melting point up to 900 °C. We find a maximum around 520 °C, and then the thermopower decreases down to a surprising negative value. To our knowledge, it is the first time that such an unusual behaviour is reported. Nevertheless, it is qualitatively consistent with all the authors mentioned and the apparent contradictory results should only be due to the different temperature ranges of measurements. Using the ATP expression from the Faber-Ziman formalism, we can fit very well the experimental absolute thermopower versus temperature curve with only one adjustable parameter. For this, we have considered that the temperature dependence of the ATP is dominated by the resistivity, and we have introduced the experimental resistivity temperature dependence in the ATP expression. The very good fitting quality demonstrates that our hypothesis is consistent. In contrast, the liquid zinc ATP only increases with temperature. Nevertheless, near 1100 °C, the highest temperature achieved, it shows saturation that may be an indication of a decrease at higher temperature. The same type of fitting gives also quite good results.

  11. Halo and subhalo demographics with Planck cosmological parameters: Bolshoi-Planck and MultiDark-Planck simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Puebla, Aldo; Behroozi, Peter; Primack, Joel; Klypin, Anatoly; Lee, Christoph; Hellinger, Doug

    2016-10-01

    We report and provide fitting functions for the abundance of dark matter haloes and subhaloes as a function of mass, circular velocity, and redshift from the new Bolshoi-Planck and MultiDark-Planck ΛCDM cosmological simulations, based on the Planck parameters. We also report halo mass accretion rates and concentrations. We show that the higher cosmological matter density of the Planck parameters compared with the WMAP parameters leads to higher abundance of massive haloes at high redshifts. We find that the median halo spin parameter {λ _B}= J(√{2}M_virR_virV_vir)^{-1} is nearly independent of redshift, leading to predicted evolution of galaxy sizes that is consistent with observations, while the significant decrease with redshift in median {λ _P}= J|E|^{-1/2}G^{-1}M^{-5/2} predicts more decrease in galaxy sizes than is observed. Using the Tully-Fisher and Faber-Jackson relations between galaxy velocity and mass, we show that a simple model of how galaxy velocity is related to halo maximum circular velocity leads to increasing overprediction of cosmic stellar mass density as redshift increases beyond z ˜ 1, implying that such velocity-mass relations must change at z ≳ 1. By making a realistic model of how observed galaxy velocities are related to halo circular velocity, we show that recent optical and radio observations of the abundance of galaxies are in good agreement with our ΛCDM simulations. Our halo demographics are based on updated versions of the ROCKSTAR and CONSISTENT TREES codes, and this paper includes appendices explaining all of their outputs. This paper is an introduction to a series of related papers presenting other analyses of the Bolshoi-Planck and MultiDark-Planck simulations.

  12. [History of gold--with danish contribution to tuberculosis and rheumatoid arthritis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norn, Svend; Permin, Henrik; Kruse, Poul R; Kruse, Edith

    2011-01-01

    Gold has a long history as a therapeutic agent, first as gold particles and colloidal gold, then as a soluble salt made by the alchemists, and potable gold was recommended almost as a panacea against different diseases. Gold compounds were introduced in the treatment of tuberculosis, based initially on the reputation of Robert Koch, who found gold cyanide effective against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in cultures. Although several investigations of gold salts showed no convincing effect in experimental tuberculosis in guinea pigs, the idea of using gold compounds as chemotherapy was furthermore encouraged from the work of Paul Ehrlich with arsenicals. The enthusiasm and the craving desperately for a remedy for tuberculosis forced Danish physicians, in the mid-1920s to treat tuberculosis with Sanocrysin (gold sodium thiosulfate). Professor Holger Møllgaard, in collaboration with the clinicians the professors Knud Secher and Knud Faber, was the theoretical promoter of the project. He recommended sanocrysin-antiserum therapy, since sanocrysin caused serious reactions in tuberculosis animals, possible by releasing toxins from tubercle bacilli "killed" by sanocrysin. However the enthusiastic response to sanocrysin in Europe declined along by controlled trials and reports on toxicity in the 1930s. The belief that rheumatoid arthritis was a form of tuberculosis caused a renaissance in chrysotherapy. In France Jacques Forestier obtained encouraging results in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with myochrysine and other gold salts, and he pointed out the disease modifying effect of chrysotherapy. In Denmark Knud Secher, who was the clinical initiator of Sanocrysin therapy in tuberculosis, now became the founder of chrysotherapy in rheumatoid arthritis. Although new potential agents are now taking over in the treatment of arthritis, it is still believed, that there is a place for the chrysotherapy. However a new future for gold, in the form of nanoparticles, appears on

  13. Thyroid disruption by Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP and mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBP in Xenopus laevis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ouxi Shen

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP, a chemical widely used in many consumer products, is estrogenic and capable of producing seriously reproductive and developmental effects in laboratory animals. However, recent in vitro studies have shown that DBP and mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBP, the major metabolite of DBP, possessed thyroid hormone receptor (TR antagonist activity. It is therefore important to consider DBP and MBP that may interfere with thyroid hormone system. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Nieuwkoop and Faber stage 51 Xenopus laevis were exposed to DBP and MBP (2, 10 or 15 mg/L separately for 21 days. The two test chemicals decelerated spontaneous metamorphosis in X. laevis at concentrations of 10 and 15 mg/L. Moreover, MBP seemed to possess stronger activity. The effects of DBP and MBP on inducing changes of expression of selected thyroid hormone response genes: thyroid hormone receptor-beta (TRβ, retinoid X receptor gamma (RXRγ, alpha and beta subunits of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSHα and TSHβ were detected by qPCR at all concentrations of the compounds. Using mammalian two-hybrid assay in vitro, we found that DBP and MBP enhanced the interactions between co-repressor SMRT (silencing mediator for retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors and TR in a dose-dependent manner, and MBP displayed more markedly. In addition, MBP at low concentrations (2 and 10 mg/L caused aberrant methylation of TRβ in head tissue. CONCLUSIONS: The current findings highlight potential disruption of thyroid signalling by DBP and MBP and provide data for human risk assessment.

  14. Early-type Galaxies in the Cluster Abell 2390 at z=0.23

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, A.; Ziegler, B. L.

    2003-07-01

    A key question of early-type galaxy evolution is when and within what timescales their stellar populations have been formed. In monolithic collapse models a burst of star formation at high redshift (zform>=2) is followed by a passive evolution of the stellar populations, whereas in the hierachical galaxy formation scenario the assembly timescales for more massive galaxies are longer, resulting in somewhat younger mean ages. To investigate the environmental dependence of this question we obtained high-quality spectra of 51 elliptical and lenticular galaxies in the rich cluster A2390 at z=0.23 with MOSCA at the 3.5-m telescope on Calar Alto Observatory. Our investigation spans a wider range in luminosity (M*B+1) than previous spectroscopic studies at intermediate redshift, which were limited to a small number of the more luminous galaxies (apart from the study of Ziegler et al. 2001 MNRAS, 325, 1571 of the cluster A2218 at z=0.18). The evolution of galaxies in age, metallicity and abundance ratios is explored by analysing absorption line strengths, such as H&beta, Mgb, Fe5270 and Fe5335, in comparison with stellar population models. Velocity dispersions (&sigma) are determined to study the slope, scatter and zeropoint of the Faber-Jackson and Mg-&sigma relations. For a subsample of 14 galaxies where morphological and structural parameters are available from HST observations, we also investigate the evolution of the Fundamental Plane. With our large sample it is possible to look for variations in early-type galaxy evolution as a function of distance from the cluster center as well as for different sub-populations like S0 or Balmer-line enhanced galaxies in a statistically significant way.

  15. The Early-type Galaxy Population in Abell 2390

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, A.; Ziegler, B. L.

    We present high-quality spectroscopic data of 51 elliptical and lenticular galaxies in the rich cluster A2390 at z=0.23 obtained with MOSCA from the 3.5 m telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory in 7 nights during 2 runs. Our investigation is spanning a wider range in luminosity (M*B+1) than previous spectroscopic studies, which were limited to a small number of the more luminous galaxies. This is only the second cluster at intermediate redshift where such a large sample has been investigated (the other is A2218 at z=0.18, see Ziegler et al. MNRAS 2001, in press, astro-ph/0103475). Analysis of absorption line strengths lets us explore the evolution of galaxies in age and metallicity. Velocity dispersions (σ) are determined to study the slope, scatter and zeropoint offset of the Faber-Jackson and Mg-σ relations. In combination with morphological and structural parameters of a subsample of galaxies observed with HST, we also investigate the evolution of the Fundamental Plane. The overall sample is large enough to explore statistically significant sub-populations like S0 or Balmer-line enhanced galaxies and look for variations in early-type galaxy evolution as a function of distance from the cluster center. In addition to studying the evolution with respect to local clusters, we also investigate the variations in slope, scatter and zeropoint of the above relations between the equally rich clusters A2218 and A2390 at z=0.2.

  16. Effect of methoxychlor on various life stages of Xenopus laevis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fort, Douglas J; Guiney, Patrick D; Weeks, John A; Thomas, John H; Rogers, Robert L; Noll, Andra M; Spaulding, Clinton D

    2004-10-01

    The toxicological effects of the organochlorine pesticide methoxychlor were evaluated at various life stages of the South African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis, in an effort to determine stage-specific sensitivity. A battery of four separate assays, including a short-term (4-day) early embryo-larval assay (FETAX) (NF stages 8-46 [Nieuwkoop and Faber, 1994]), 30-day hind limb development assay (NF stages 8-54), 18-day metamorphic climax assay (NF stages 58-66), and 30-day adult reproduction assay were performed. Test concentrations for the FETAX, hind limb development, metamorphic climax, and reproductive assays ranged from 0.0001-1.0 mg/l, 0.0001-0.1 mg/l, 0.0001-0.1 mg/l, and 0.001-0.1 mg/l, respectively. Results from the short-term embryo-larval assay indicated that increased embryo-lethality, malformation, and growth inhibition were not induced at methoxychlor (maximum soluble concentration). The 30-day hind limb development studies indicated methoxychlor exposure >/=0.01 mg/l delayed hind limb digit differentiation. Follicular hyperplasia of the thyroid glands was noted in specimens exposed to 0.1 mg/l methoxychlor. Results from the 18-day metamorphic climax assay indicated that methoxychlor inhibited the rate of tail resorption in a concentration-dependent manner. Whole body tissue triiodothyronine (T(3)) profiles showed a reduced and delayed surge during climax compared to controls. For the reproductive assessment, adult female X. laevis were super-ovulated and both female and male were then exposed to varying concentrations of methoxychlor. A concentration-dependent reduction in ovary weight and the number of viable oocytes was observed. In exposed male specimens, a concentration-dependent reduction in testis weight and sperm count was found. Methoxychlor was found to accumulate in the ovary, and to a lesser extent in the testis. Based on breeding studies in which exposed females were bred with control males and exposed males bred with control females, the

  17. Natural Gas Seepage Along the Edge of the Aquitaine Shelf (France): Origin and Flux Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruffine, L.; Donval, J. P.; Battani, A.; Bignon, L.; Croguennec, C.; Caprais, J. C.; Birot, D.; Bayon, G.; Lantéri, N.; Levaché, D.; Dupré, S.

    2014-12-01

    the expression of hydrocarbon leakage?, Continental Shelf Research, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2014.07.004. Whiticar, M. J., E. Faber, and M. Schoell (1986), Biogenic methane formation in marine and freshwater environments: CO2 reduction vs. acetate fermentation--Isotope evidence, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 50(5), 693-709.

  18. Topographical projections of segmental nerves to the frog glutaeus muscle during loss of polyneuronal innervation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, M; Lavidis, N

    1986-06-01

    The development of synaptic connexions to the frog (Limnodynastes tasmaniansis) glutaeus muscle from segmental nerves 8 and 9 was determined using glycogen depletion, contraction and electrophysiological methods between stages 54 and 60 (Nieuwkoop & Faber, 1975). There was no change in the number of muscle cells in the glutaeus from stage 55 onwards; the maturation of muscle cells was most advanced at the point of nerve entry on the ventral surface of the glutaeus and least advanced at the dorsal surface. Electrophysiological determination of the segmental innervation of the dorsal surface of the muscle in low calcium (0.5 mM) indicated that the muscle was almost uniquely innervated by nerve 8 at stage 54. Weak nerve 9 terminals were detected at stage 54 only if the calcium concentration was raised to 6.0 mM. Innervation by nerve 9 was first detected in low calcium at stage 55. There was then a progressive decrease in the innervation of the glutaeus muscle by nerve 8 in regions apposed to the iliofibularis muscle, until stage 59 when this part of the glutaeus was almost completely innervated by nerve 9. Glycogen depletion of muscle fibres following tetanic stimulation of either segmental nerve confirmed that the region of the glutaeus muscle apposed by the iliofibularis becomes progressively innervated by nerve 9 during development. Contraction studies of the segmental innervation of the glutaeus muscle in normal calcium (2 mM) indicated that the muscle was predominantly innervated by nerve 8 at stage 54. There was then a progressive increase in the number of nerve 9 motor units up to stage 56. The size of individual motor units declined for both nerves 8 and 9 until stage 59, when the average motor unit size was about 9% of the muscle. It is suggested that the decline in the innervation by nerve 8 of the side of the glutaeus muscle apposing the iliofibularis muscle is due to this region of the muscle selectively favouring synapse formation by nerve 9 over nerve 8.

  19. Prevention and control of micronutrient deficiencies in developing countries: current perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berti C

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Cristiana Berti,1 Mieke Faber,2 Cornelius M Smuts11Centre for Excellence in Nutrition, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa; 2Non-communicable Diseases Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South AfricaAbstract: Despite strategies employed to tackle micronutrient malnutrition, limited progress has been achieved in the developing countries. Of global concern are deficiencies in iron, vitamin A, zinc, folate, and iodine. This review aims to explore up-to-date scientific evidence on the effect of different micronutrient strategies on biomarkers and health outcomes, and for each strategy, to highlight strengths, limitations, and factors contributing to success or failure. PubMed/MEDLINE and EBSCO databases and Google-indexed scientific literature were searched for relevant articles and documents, limited to human studies reported since 2003. Evidence shows that the most cost-effective approaches to address symptoms of micronutrient malnutrition are targeted supplementation and/or fortification with iron, iodine, zinc, folic acid, vitamin A, and multimicronutrients, provided that households have access to primary health care and that there is consistent long-term coverage, monitoring, adequate marketing, and commercial commitment. Dietary diversification/modification interventions are probably the most sustainable strategies to address causes of deficiency, but permanent solutions are still required in controlling micronutrient malnutrition at both research and public health levels. Furthermore, many scientific gaps remain, hindering the development of robust public health guidance. These gaps are due to the paucity of well-designed community-based studies, lack of information on biological mechanisms behind relationships between micronutrients and outcomes, and inconsistent results. Further adequately powered long-term trials are needed to fill these gaps. Lessons learned from large-scale nutritional

  20. Bias properties of extragalactic distance indicators. 3: Analysis of Tully-Fisher distances for the Mathewson-Ford-Buchhorn sample of 1355 galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Federspiel, Martin; Sandage, Allan; Tammann, G. A.

    1994-01-01

    The observational selection bias properties of the large Mathewson-Ford-Buchhorn (MFB) sample of axies are demonstrated by showing that the apparent Hubble constant incorrectly increases outward when determined using Tully-Fisher (TF) photometric distances that are uncorreted for bias. It is further shown that the value of H(sub 0) so determined is also multivlaued at a given redshift when it is calculated by the TF method using galaxies with differenct line widths. The method of removing this unphysical contradiction is developed following the model of the bias set out in Paper II. The model developed further here shows that the appropriate TF magnitude of a galaxy that is drawn from a flux-limited catalog not only is a function of line width but, even in the most idealistic cases, requires a triple-entry correction depending on line width, apparent magnitude, and catalog limit. Using the distance-limited subset of the data, it is shown that the mean intrinsic dispersion of a bias-free TF relation is high. The dispersion depends on line width, decreasing from sigma(M) = 0.7 mag for galaxies with rotational velocities less than 100 km s(exp-1) to sigma(M) = 0.4 mag for galaxies with rotational velocities greater than 250 km s(exp-1). These dispersions are so large that the random errors of the bias-free TF distances are too gross to detect any peculiar motions of individual galaxies, but taken together the data show again the offset of 500 km s(exp-1) fond both by Dressler & Faber and by MFB for galaxies in the direction of the putative Great Attractor but described now in a different way. The maximum amplitude of the bulk streaming motion at the Local Group is approximately 500 km s(exp-1) but the perturbation dies out, approaching the Machian frame defined by the CMB at a distance of approximately 80 Mpc (v is approximately 4000 km s(exp -1)). This decay to zero perturbation at v is approximately 4000 km s(exp -1) argues against existing models with a single

  1. THE L{proportional_to}{sigma}{sup 8} CORRELATION FOR ELLIPTICAL GALAXIES WITH CORES: RELATION WITH BLACK HOLE MASS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kormendy, John [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, 2515 Speedway, Mail Stop C1400, Austin, Texas 78712-1205 (United States); Bender, Ralf, E-mail: kormendy@astro.as.utexas.edu, E-mail: bender@mpe.mpg.de [Universitaets-Sternwarte, Scheinerstrasse 1, D-81679 Muenchen (Germany)

    2013-05-20

    We construct the Faber-Jackson correlation between velocity dispersion {sigma} and total galaxy luminosity L{sub V} separately for elliptical galaxies with and without cores. The coreless ellipticals show the well-known, steep relationship dlog {sigma}/dlog L{sub V} = 0.268 or L{sub V} {proportional_to}{sigma}{sup 3.74}. This corresponds to dlog {sigma}/dlog M = 0.203, where M is the stellar mass and we use M/L{proportional_to}L {sup 0.32}. In contrast, the velocity dispersions of core ellipticals increase much more slowly with L{sub V} and M: dlog {sigma}/dlog L{sub V} = 0.120, L{sub V} {proportional_to}{sigma}{sup 8.33}, and dlog {sigma}/dlog M = 0.091. Dissipationless major galaxy mergers are expected to preserve {sigma} according to the simplest virial-theorem arguments. However, numerical simulations show that {sigma} increases slowly in dry major mergers, with dlog {sigma}/dlog M {approx_equal} +0.15. In contrast, minor mergers cause {sigma} to decrease, with dlog {sigma}/dlog M {approx_equal} -0.05. Thus, the observed relation argues for dry major mergers as the dominant growth mode of the most massive ellipticals. This is consistent with what we know about the formation of cores. We know no viable way to explain galaxy cores except through dissipationless mergers of approximately equal-mass galaxies followed by core scouring by binary supermassive black holes. The observed, shallow {sigma}{proportional_to}L{sub V}{sup +0.12} relation for core ellipticals provides further evidence that they formed in dissipationless and predominantly major mergers. Also, it explains the observation that the correlation of supermassive black hole mass with velocity dispersion, M{sub .}{proportional_to}{sigma}{sup 4}, ''saturates'' at high M{sub .} such that M{sub .} becomes almost independent of {sigma}.

  2. The Effects of Physically Unrelated Near Neighbors on the Galaxy-Galaxy Lensing Signal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brainerd, Tereasa G.

    2017-01-01

    A suite of Monte Carlo simulations was used to investigate the effects of near neighbors on the galaxy-galaxy lensing signal. The simulated lenses were drawn from a set of observed galaxies with known spectroscopic redshifts and known luminosities. The relative locations of the lenses were obtained from the actual locations of the observed galaxies on the sky. The simulations take into account the weak lensing deflections of central lenses and their nearest neighbor galaxies on the sky. The relative depths of the gravitational potentials of the lenses were obtained from their rest-frame blue luminosities using a Faber-Jackson type of relationship, and they naturally incorporate the intrinsic clustering of galaxies. In the first set of simulations, all lenses were assigned a single, fixed redshift. In this case, as expected, the mean tangential shear about the central lenses, γT, was found to be identically equal to the excess surface mass density, ΔΣ, divided by the critical surface mass density, Σc. In the second set of simulations, the lenses were assigned their actual, observed spectroscopic redshifts and Σc was taken to be the critical surface mass density of the central lens. In the second set of simulations, the relationship γT = ΔΣ/Σc was found to be violated on large scales because more than 90% of the near neighbors for a given central lens are located at redshifts that differ significantly from that of the central lens. That is, the simulations show the “two-halo” term in galaxy-galaxy lensing can have a significant contribution from galaxies that are not physically associated with the central lens. For a given central lens, physically unrelated near neighbors give rise to a ratio of γT to ΔΣ/Σc that spans a wide range from 0.5 to 1.5 at a projected distance ~1 Mpc. The magnitude and the sense of the discrepancy between γT and the ratio ΔΣ/Σc are functions of both the projected radius and the velocity dispersions of the central lens

  3. Labor motivation as a factor of innovative development of the economic sphere of social production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belenkova O. A.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article, the problem of formation of innovation potential of the labor motivation of employees of the social production economic sphere, determining their innovative activity is studied. The importance of positive work motivation of employees increases dramatically in terms of the Fourth industrial revolution. It is connected with the formation in the social production sphere of the sixth technological structure and innovative economy of the 21st century. The author justifies the problem decision of innovative potential formation of labor motivation on the basis of complex application of the principles of the study of social philosophy, sociology, social anthropology and social psychology. The principles of system analysis based on the dialectics of the objective and subjective sides of social activity in the system of social production are applied as well. According to the author opinion, work motivation is a system of dialectically interrelated internal and external motives of human activities that forms the personal conscious program of action, which should lead to the satisfaction of vital needs. In accordance with the hierarchy of needs by A. Maslow, the need for self-actualization is crucial in the system of needs of the socialized individual. In the process of realization of this need, the formation of innovative potential of motivational activity takes place and transformation of the comprehending human homo sapiens into producing human - homo faber. Studying the formation process of labor motivation of socialized individuals in the main historical stages of development of social production: Antiquity, the middle ages, and industrial civilization, the author concludes that the origins of the innovative component of motivation are in Ancient Greece. It is the characteristic only of the free labor of free people aimed at maximum realization of their natural potential in their activities in order to achieve success not only for

  4. Quantification of numerical aperture-dependence of the OCT attenuation coefficient (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peinado, Liliana M.; Bloemen, Paul R.; Almasian, Mitra; van Leeuwen, Ton G.; Faber, Dirk J.

    2016-03-01

    .1155/2011/825629. [3] Jung W and Boppart S. Optical coherence tomography for rapid tissue screening and directed histological sectioning. Anal Cell Pathol (Amst). 2012; 35(3): 129-143. [4] R. Wessels et al. Optical coherence tomography in vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia. J Biomed Opt 2012 Nov; 17(11): 116022. [5] Faber D, van der Meer F, Aalders M, van Leeuwen T. Quantitative measurement of attenuation coefficients of weakly scattering media using optical coherence tomography. OPT EXPRESS 2004; 12 (19): 4353-43. [6] Thrane L, Yura HT, and Andersen PE. Analysis of optical coherence tomography systems based on the extended Huygens-Fresnel principle. JOSA 2000; 17(3): 484-490.

  5. The Application of Artificial Neural Networks to Astronomical Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naim, A.

    1995-12-01

    the work of a human expert, usually by showing examples for which the true answer is supplied by the expert. These methods are mostly intended to save time and effort in the less complex stages of the analysis. The unsupervised approach is aimed at learning new things from the data, and is most useful when the data cannot easily be plotted in two or three dimensions. This approach uses only an organising criterion in order to arrange the data, but there is no teacher, nor is there a true answer. The main problem to which I applied ANNs is the morphological classification of galaxies from their digitised images. On the one hand galaxian morphologies appear to be well correlated with the physics of their interiors, while on the other hand they are the most readily available type of extragalactic information to date. Knowing the morphologies of galaxies can help in defining target lists for observations, in the analysis of the morphology-density relation and in calibrating distances by using morphology-specific relations (e.g., the Faber-Jackson relation for ellipticals and the Tully-Fisher relation for spirals). The entire process - data reduction, feature extraction and classification - was automated and, as demonstrated towards the end of this thesis, is readily applicable to very large numbers of galaxies. The most important implication of this work is the generality of the methods used. This is only a demonstration of the powerful tools now available for astronomical data analysis. In coming years researchers will have to make use of such methods in order to solve more and more problems in Astronomy. I would like to acknowledge the financial support I received in the form of an Overseas Research Studentship and the Isaac Newton Studentship.

  6. Contiuous gas monitoring at the volcano Galeras, Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faber, E.; Morán, C.; Poggenburg, J.; Garzón, G.; Teschner, M.; Weinlich, F. H.

    2003-04-01

    (1) Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, Hannover, Germany (e.faber@bgr.de), (2) Instituto de Investigación en Geocientifica, Mineroambiental y Nuclear - INGEOMINAS, San Juan de Pasto, Colombia (3) Instituto de Investigación en Geocientifica, Mineroambiental y Nuclear - INGEOMINAS, Manizales, Colombia A gas monitoring system has been installed on the volcano Galeras in Colombia as part of a multi-parameter station. Gases are extracted from the fumarolic vapour through a short pipe. After the water has been condensed the gas passes over sensors for carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and radon. Other parameters measured are temperature of the fumarolic vapour, fumarolic pressure, temperature of the ambient air and the ambient atmospheric pressure. The signals of the sensors are digitised in the electronics. The digital data are transmitted every 6 seconds by a telemetry system to the observatory down in the city of Pasto via a repeater station at the rim of the Galeras. The system at the volcano is powered by batteries connected to solar panels. Data are stored in the observatory, they are plotted and compared with all the other information of the multi-parameter station. Although the various compounds of the gas system are well preserved for the very aggressive environment close to the fumarole some problems still remain: Sulphur often plugs the pipe to the sensors and requires maintenance more often than desired. As the volcano is most of the time in clouds the installed solar power system (about 400 Watts maximum power) does not enable to run the system at the fumarole (consumption about 15 Watts) continuously during all nights. Despite these still existing problems some results have been obtained encouraging us to continue the operation of the system, to further develop the technical quality and to increase the number of fumaroles included into a growing monitoring network. In March 2000 seismic activity in the crater increased accompanied by a

  7. Energy and raw materials 2009. Securing the energy and supply of raw materials. Proceedings; Energie und Rohstoffe 2009. Sicherung der Energie und Rohstoffversorgung. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    controlling and operation of natural gas caverns (A. Reitze, M. Krieter); (15) Mining damage relevant problems in the storage of fluid material in geologic formations (A. Sroka); (16) State of the art and perspectives geogenic energies in NRW (E.-G. Weiss); (17) An innovative supplement in the German power mix (S. Fuchs et al.); (18) One reservoir - two mineral resources. Production and utilization of mine gas in Northrhine Westfalia (F. Besselmann et al.); (19) Stimulation of the microbial formation of methane from hydrocarbons in petroleum deposits and coal deposits (M. Krueger et al.); (20) New approaches of modelling and evaluation of brown coal reserves in order to accomplish future challenges in the MIBRAG (O. Lohstraeter et al.); (21) The additional value of a stochastic consideration - optimization of mining decisions under geological uncertainty (J. Benndorf); (22) New development of an online management system for coal quality in a brown coal opencast mining in Serbia (B. Zimmer); (23) From modelling of a deposit to mining planning - Engineering monitoring of a Greenfield project for the new digestion of a brown coal opencast mining in the preparation as well as during the phase of digestion (H. Hertling); (24) Selected aspects of CCS and CO{sub 2} storage under consideration of the IGCC-CCS project of RWE Power and RWE Dea (S. Asmus, T. Thielemann); (25) Data supply and process simulation of the CO{sub 2} injection pilot tests for the natural gas deposit Altmark (K.N. Awemo); (26) CLEAN: A joint project for the investigation of the storage of CO{sub 2} in German fields of natural gas (R. Fritschen); (27) Long-term closure of the CO{sub 2} discharge in a natural gas deposit in order to increase the rate of exploitation: A comparison with the final storage of radioactive waste in an old min (M.Z. Hou et al.); (28) Monitoring of the concentration of surface gas above potential CO{sub 2} storages (E. Faber et al.); (29) Automatic measurement of leaking gas in offshore

  8. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2000-07-01

    : The Press University of the West Indies, 1998. xviii + 152 pp. -Kris Lane, Hans Turley, Rum, sodomy, and the lash: Piracy, sexuality, and masculine identity. New York: New York University Press, 1999. lx + 199 pp. -Jonathan Schorsch, Eli Faber, Jews, slaves, and the slave trade: Setting the record straight. New York: New York University Press, 1998. xvii + 367 pp. -Bonham C. Richardson, Bridget Brereton ,The Colonial Caribbean in transition: Essays on postemancipation social and cultural history. Barbados: The Press University of the West Indies; Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1999. xxiii + 319 pp., Kevin A. Yelvington (eds -Ransford W. Palmer, Thomas Klak, Globalization and neoliberalism: The Caribbean context. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998. xxiv + 319 pp. -Susan Saegert, Robert B. Potter ,Self-help housing, the poor, and the state in the Caribbean. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997. xiv + 299 pp., Dennis Conway (eds -Peter Redfield, Michèle-Baj Strobel, Les gens de l'or: Mémoire des orpailleurs créoles du Maroni. Petit-Bourg, Guadeloupe: Ibis Rouge, 1998. 400 pp. -Donald R. Hill, Louis Regis, The political calypso: True opposition in Trinidad and Tobago 1962-1987. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1999. xv + 277 pp. -A. James Arnold, Christiane P. Makward, Mayotte Capécia ou l'aliénation selon Fanon. Paris: Karthala, 1999. 230 pp. -Chris Bongie, Celia M. Britton, Edouard Glissant and postcolonial theory: Strategies of language and resistance. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1999. xiv + 224 pp. -Chris Bongie, Anne Malena, The negotiated self: The dynamics of identity in Francophone Caribbean narrative. New York: Peter Lang, 1999. x + 192 pp. -Catherine A. John, Kathleen M. Balutansky ,Caribbean creolization: Reflections on the cultural dynamics of language, literature, and identity., Marie-Agnès Sourieau (eds -Leland Ferguson, Jay B. Haviser, African sites archaeology in the Caribbean. Princeton NJ: Markus

  9. Secular Evolution in Disk Galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kormendy, John

    2013-10-01

    bulges because the latter retain a `memory' of their disky origin. That is, they have one or more characteristics of disks: (1) flatter shapes than those of classical bulges, (2) correspondingly large ratios of ordered to random velocities, (3) small velocity dispersions with respect to the Faber-Jackson correlation between velocity dispersion and bulge luminosity, (4) spiral structure or nuclear bars in the `bulge' part of the light profile, (5) nearly exponential brightness profiles and (6) starbursts. So the cleanest examples of pseudobulges are recognisable. However, pseudo and classical bulges can coexist in the same galaxy. I review two important implications of secular evolution: (1) The existence of pseudobulges highlights a problem with our theory of galaxy formation by hierarchical clustering. We cannot explain galaxies that are completely bulgeless. Galaxy mergers are expected to happen often enough so that every giant galaxy should have a classical bulge. But we observe that bulgeless giant galaxies are common in field environments. We now realise that many dense centres of galaxies that we used to think are bulges were not made by mergers; they were grown out of disks. So the challenge gets more difficult. This is the biggest problem faced by our theory of galaxy formation. (2) Pseudobulges are observed to contain supermassive black holes (BHs), but they do not show the well-known, tight correlations between BH mass and the mass and velocity dispersion of the host bulge. This leads to the suggestion that there are two fundamentally different BH feeding processes. Rapid global inward gas transport in galaxy mergers leads to giant BHs that correlate with host ellipticals and classical bulges, whereas local and more stochastic feeding of small BHs in largely bulgeless galaxies evidently involves too little energy feedback to result in BH-host coevolution. It is an important success of the secular evolution picture that morphological differences can be used to

  10. Mechanical Properties of Polymer Nano-composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, Iti

    predicted to out-perform nanotubes. In the last few years, work has been done by researchers to study bulk mechanical properties of graphene platelets in polymer matrix. This thesis reports the extensive improvements observed in fatigue resistance and fracture toughness of epoxy using graphene platelet as a filler in very small quantities. Though significant property improvements like 75% increase in fracture toughness and 25-fold increase in fatigue resistance were observed for graphene epoxy nano-composites, the toughening mechanisms could not be delineated without thermo-mechanical and micro-mechanical tests. In this work, the bulk mechanical properties of graphene platelet-polymer nano-composites are studied and presented and the toughness mechanisms are identified by fractography, differential scanning calorimetry, and Raman spectroscopy; and then compared to predictions by theoretical models. Strong adherence to the matrix was found to be the key mechanism responsible for the effective reinforcement provided by graphene to the polymer. The strong graphene platelet-matrix interface also leads to extensive crack deflection, which was observed to be the major toughening mechanism in the nano-composite. In this thesis, the bulk mechanical property results are complemented by in-depth characterization of filler-polymer interfacial interactions and interphase formation using a battery of techniques including Raman spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. Theoretical and empirical models proposed by Faber & Evans and Pezzotti were critically studied and applied. Pezzotti's model was found to corroborate well with experimental results and provided insight into enhancement mechanisms and explains the mechanisms underpinning the toughness loss at high graphene platelet weight fraction. The thesis provides conclusive evidences for the superiority of graphene as a filler for reinforcing polymer matrices. In conclusion, the thesis presents a thorough investigation of one- and two

  11. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1995-07-01

    Siewah, The lotus and the dagger: The Capildeo speeches (1957-1994. Port of Spain: Chakra Publishing House, 1994. 811 pp. -Donald R. Hill, Forty years of steel: An annotated discography of steel band and Pan recordings, 1951-1991. Jeffrey Thomas (comp.. Westport CT: Greenwood, 1992. xxxii + 307 pp. -Jill A. Leonard, André Lucrèce, Société et modernité: Essai d'interprétation de la société martiniquaise. Case Pilote, Martinique: Editions de l'Autre Mer, 1994. 188 pp. -Dirk H. van der Elst, Ben Scholtens ,Gaama Duumi, Buta Gaama: Overlijden en opvolging van Aboikoni, grootopperhoofd van de Saramaka bosnegers. Stanley Dieko. Paramaribo: Afdeling Cultuurstudies/Minov; Amsterdam: Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen, 1992. 204 pp., Gloria Wekker, Lady van Putten (eds -Rosemarijn Hoefte, Chandra van Binnendijk ,Sranan: Cultuur in Suriname. Amsterdam: Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen/Rotterdam: Museum voor Volkenkunde, 1992. 159 pp., Paul Faber (eds -Harold Munneke, A.J.A. Quintus Bosz, Grepen uit de Surinaamse rechtshistorie. Paramaribo: Vaco, 1993. 176 pp. -Harold Munneke, Irvin Kanhai ,Strijd om grond in Suriname: Verkenning van het probleem van de grondenrechten van Indianen en Bosnegers. Paramaribo, 1993, 200 pp., Joyce Nelson (eds -Ronald Donk, J. Hartog, De geschiedenis van twee landen: De Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba. Zaltbommel: Europese Bibliotheek, 1993. 183 pp. -Aart G. Broek, J.J. Oversteegen, In het schuim van grauwe wolken: Het leven van Cola Debrot tot 1948. Amsterdam: Muelenhoff, 1994. 556 pp.''Gemunt op wederkeer: Het leven van Cola Debrot vanaf 1948. Amsterdam: Muelenhoff, 1994. 397 pp.

  12. The relationship between pelvis inclination, exercise and low back pain (LBP during pregnancy [Vztah mezi bolestí zad, sklonem pánve a vhodnou pohybovou aktivitou v těhotenství

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Minaříková

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Pain in the lower region of the back and pelvis – also called "Low Back Pain" (LBP - is very frequent during pregnancy. According to many authors it is a major complaint of more than half of all pregnant women; it causes mental and physical discomfort. The etiology of LBP during pregnancy is still not fully known. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of our research was to objectify the relationship between the presence of LBP, the training level of the postural muscles and the degree of the pelvic inclination of women in the third trimester of pregnancy. That is why the relationship between pelvic inclination and LBP occurrence is compared within the context of two groups – reasonable physically active as compared to physically inactive women. METHODS: Twenty-seven pregnant probands aged 20 – 35 years and in the second half of their third trimester were included in the experiment. All of them complained of pain in their lumbar spine and in the pelvicarea. They were divided into two groups: 14 physically inactive women and 13 physically active women, who have been performing physical activity for at least 135 minutes per week for at least 1 year before conception and for at least 90 minutes per week during pregnancy. The exercises were focused on the functioning of the postural system, e.g. yoga, Pilatespilatek and exercises by Mojzisova. We measured the inclination of the pelvis (using non-invasive anthropometric measuring and observed the presence of pain in the selected area: clinically via the Patrick-Faber test and posterior pelvic pain provocation test and subjectively with the aid of a standardized LBP related survey. The statistical methods used were the t-test, the median and Wilcoxon-White test and the Spearman factor of serial correlations. RESULTS: We observed a statistically significant difference between the pelvic inclination of physically active and inactive women (using a t-test for non-pair values with a significance level

  13. Cognitive Outcomes for Congenital Hypothyroid and Healthy Children: A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahtab ORDOOEI

    2014-12-01

    etiology. Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2011; 49:179-83. [Article in Spanish]Kik E, Noczyńska A. Evaluation of mental development of children with congenital hypothyroidism detected in screening test--personal observations. Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 2010; 16:100-8. [Article in Polish]Arenz S, Nennstiel-Ratzel U, Wildner M, Dörr HG, Intellectual outcome, motor skills and BMI of children with congenital hypothyroidism: a population-based study. Acta Paediatr 2008; 97:447-50.Alvarez González MA, Carvajal Martínez F, Pérez Gesén C, Olivares Torres A, Fernández Yero JL, Robaina Alvarez R, et al. Prognosis of cognition in congenital hypothyroidism following early treatment. Double effect hypothesis. Rev Neurol 2004, 16-31; 38:513-7. [Article in Spanish]Boileau P, Bain P, Rives S, Toublanc JE. Earlier onset of treatment or increment in LT4 dose in screened congenital hypothyroidism: which as the more important factor for IQ at 7 years? Horm Res 2004; 61:228-33.Salerno M, Militerni R, Bravaccio C, Micillo M, Capalbo D, Di MS, Tenore A. Effect of different starting doses of levothyroxine on growth and intellectual outcome at four years of age in congenital hypothyroidism. Thyroid 2002; 12:45-52.Dimitropoulos A, Molinari L, Etter K, Torresani T, Lang- Muritano M, Jenni OG, Largo RH, Latal B. Children with congenital hypothyroidism: long-term intellectual outcome after early high-dose treatment. Pediatr Res 2009; 65:242-8.Joseph R. Neuro-developmental deficits in early-treated congenital hypothyroidism. Ann Acad Med Singapore 2008; 37(12 Suppl:42-3.Kempers MJ, van der Sluijs Veer L, Nijhuis-van der Sanden MW, Kooistra L, Wiedijk BM, Faber I, et al.Intellectual and motor development of young adults with congenital hypothyroidism diagnosed by neonatal screening. J Clin Endocrinol Metab2006; 91:418-24.Rovet JF. Children with congenital hypothyroidism and their siblings: do they really differ? Pediatrics 2005;115:e52-7.Kempers MJ, van der Sluijs Veer L, Nijhuis-van der

  14. 6th International Symposium on Molecular Allergology (ISMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Hilger

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Table of contents ORAL ABSTRACTS Symposium 1: Biochemistry, structure and environment of the allergen: what makes a protein an allergen? O1 Two cell-membrane peptidases carrying galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose are implicated in delayed anaphylactic reactions upon pork kidney ingestion in patients with IgE-antibodies to alpha-Gal Christiane Hilger, Kyra Swiontek, Jörg Fischer, François Hentges, Christiane Lehners, Martine Morisset, Bernadette Eberlein, Tilo Biedermann, Markus Ollert O2 Structure solution of Pla l 1 suggests similar folding of Ole e 1-like family members but distinct immunological properties Sabrina Wildner, Teresa Stemeseder, Regina Freier, Peter Briza, Roland Lang, Eva Batanero, Mayte Villalba, Jonas Lidholm, Thomas Hawranek, Fatima Ferreira, Hans Brandstetter, Gabriele Gadermaier Symposium 2: New allergen molecules in the spotlight O3 Identification of the cysteine protease Amb a 11 as a novel major allergen from short ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia Philippe Moingeon, Rachel Groeme, Julien Bouley, Véronique Bordas, Maxime Le Mignon, Laetitia Bussières, Aurélie Lautrette, Laurent Mascarell, Vincent Lombardi, Véronique Baron-Bodo, Henri Chabre, Thierry Batard, Emmanuel Nony O4 Production and characterization of polybia paulista recombinant antigen 5: a valuable diagnostic tool Karine Marafigo De Amicis, Alexandra Sayuri Watanabe, Daniele Danella Figo, José Roberto Aparecido Dos Santos-Pinto, Mario Sergio Palma, Fabio Fernandes Morato Castro, Jorge Kalil, Therese Wohlschlager, Peter Briza, Sabrina Wildner, Fatima Ferreira-Briza, Gabriele Gadermaier, Keity Souza Santos Symposium 3: Progress in molecular and cellular diagnosis O5 Basophil activation test with recombinant Pru p 3; identifying genuine peach allergic patients Margaretha Faber, Athina Van Gasse, Vito Sabato, Margo M. Hagendorens, Chris H. Bridts, Luc S. De Clerck, Araceli Diaz Perales, Didier Ebo O6 Nanofluidic technology enables rapid, near