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Sample records for cessar design certification

  1. System 80+trademark Standard Design: CESSAR design certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report - Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+trademark Standard Design. This Volume 16 details the application of Human Factors Engineering in the design process

  2. System 80+trademark Standard Design: CESSAR design certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+trademark Standard Design. This volume 9 discusses Electric Power and Auxiliary Systems

  3. System 80+trademark Standard Design: CESSAR design certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+trademark Standard Design. This volume 8 provides a description of instrumentation and controls

  4. System 80+trademark Standard Design: CESSAR design certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+trademark Standard Design. This volume 10 discusses the Steam and Power Conversion System and Radioactive Waste Management

  5. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 2: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report - Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These documents describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+{sup TM} Standard Design. This report, Volume 2, in conjunction with Volume 3, provides the design of structures, components, equipment and systems.

  6. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 4: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report - Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These documents describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+{sup TM} Standard Design. This report, Volume 4, provides a description of the reactor, reactor internals, fuel assemblies, and associated design requirements.

  7. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 16: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report - Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design. This Volume 16 details the application of Human Factors Engineering in the design process.

  8. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 6: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report - Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These documents describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+{sup TM} Standard Design. This report, Volume 6, in conjunction with Volume 7, provides a description of engineered safety features.

  9. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 11: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80{sup +}{trademark} Standard Design. This volume 11 discusses Radiation Protection, Conduct of Operations, and the Initial Test Program.

  10. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 9: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80{sup +}{trademark} Standard Design. This volume 9 discusses Electric Power and Auxiliary Systems.

  11. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 17: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describes the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design. This Volume 17 provides Appendix A of this report, closure of unresolved and Genetic Safety Issues.

  12. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 1: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report - Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These Volumes, describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+{sup TM} Standard Design. This document, Volume 1, provides an introduction and general description of plant and site envelope characteristics.

  13. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 18: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report, entitled Combustion Engineering Standard Safety Analysis Report -- Design Certification (CESSAR-DC), has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. These volumes describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+{trademark} Standard Design. This Volume 18 provides Appendix B, Probabilistic Risk Assessment.

  14. System 80+trademark standard design: CESSAR design certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. The documents in this series describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+TM Standard Design

  15. System 80+{trademark} standard design: CESSAR design certification. Volume 5: Amendment I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-21

    This report has been prepared in support of the industry effort to standardize nuclear plant designs. The documents in this series describe the Combustion Engineering, Inc. System 80+{sup TM} Standard Design.

  16. Advanced Light Water Reactor Plants System 80+trademark Design Certification Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this report is to provide a status of the progress that was made towards Design Certification of System 80+trademark during the US government's 1993 fiscal year. The System 80+ Advanced Light Water Reactor (ALWR) is a 3931 MWt (1350 MWe) Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR). The design consists of an essentially complete plant. It is based on evolutionary improvements to the Standardized System 80 nuclear steam supply system in operation at Palo Verde Units 1, 2, and 3, and the Duke Power Company P-81 balance-of-plant (BOP) that was designed and partially constructed at the Cherokee plant site. The System 80/P-81 original design has been substantially enhanced to increase conformance with the EPRI ALWR Utility Requirements Document (URD). Some design enhancements incorporated in the System 80+ design are included in the four units currently under construction in the Republic of Korea. These units form the basis of the Korean standardization program. The full System 80+ standard design has been offered to the Republic of China, in response to their recent bid specification. The ABB-CE Standard Safety Analysis Report (CESSAR-DC) was submitted to the NRC and a Draft Safety Evaluation Report was issued by the NRC in October 1992. CESSAR-DC contains the technical basis for compliance with the EPRI URD for simplified emergency planning. The Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS) is the standard ABB-Combustion Engineering two-loop arrangement with two steam generators, two hot legs and four cold legs each with a reactor coolant pump. The System 80+ standard plant includes a sperical steel containment vessel which is enclosed in a concrete shield building, thus providing the safety advantages of a dual containment

  17. 76 FR 16549 - ESBWR Design Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    ... application as a docketed application for design certification (Docket No. 52-010) on December 1, 2005 (70 FR... the date of this document: Detroit Edison Company, Fermi Unit 3, Docket No. 52-033 (73 FR 73350... the process for obtaining standard design certifications. On August 24, 2005 (70 FR 56745),...

  18. Certification trails and software design for testability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Gregory F.; Wilson, Dwight S.; Masson, Gerald M.

    1993-01-01

    Design techniques which may be applied to make program testing easier were investigated. Methods for modifying a program to generate additional data which we refer to as a certification trail are presented. This additional data is designed to allow the program output to be checked more quickly and effectively. Certification trails were described primarily from a theoretical perspective. A comprehensive attempt to assess experimentally the performance and overall value of the certification trail method is reported. The method was applied to nine fundamental, well-known algorithms for the following problems: convex hull, sorting, huffman tree, shortest path, closest pair, line segment intersection, longest increasing subsequence, skyline, and voronoi diagram. Run-time performance data for each of these problems is given, and selected problems are described in more detail. Our results indicate that there are many cases in which certification trails allow for significantly faster overall program execution time than a 2-version programming approach, and also give further evidence of the breadth of applicability of this method.

  19. Reflight certification software design specifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    The PDSS/IMC Software Design Specification for the Payload Development Support System (PDSS)/Image Motion Compensator (IMC) is contained. The PDSS/IMC is to be used for checkout and verification of the IMC flight hardware and software by NASA/MSFC.

  20. Inherent safety and design certification of PRISM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    General Electric Company has introduced an innovative technological approach to reactor design that, when combined with change in US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) practice, will lead to safe and economically competitive fast breeder reactor electric power plants. The key elements in this approach are characteristics in the reactor that will cause it to passively control reactivity and shutdown and passively cool itself without action by the human operators or active devices that require energy supplies external to the reactor module. These characteristics have been called the inherent features or the inherency of the design. They are inherent because they depend on only the material and geometric properties of the reactor module design. Thermal expansion and deflections as well as temperature dependent nuclear properties, such as the Doppler effect, are examples of inherent behavior. Natural convection due to density differences in fluid coolant paths is another example. These characteristics do not depend on active devices that require external energy supplies. PRISM uses natural circulation cooling for safety grade decay heat removal. Negative reactivity feedback with increasing temperature will balance the power generated with the heat removed. The PRISM also incorporates a factory fabricated containment barrier that encloses the reactor and primary coolant. The reactor module design is being developed so that the inherent characteristics of the reactor module can be tested in a full scale prototype. Results from this testing along with other safety and design information will be used to obtain NRC Design Certification

  1. TRUPACT-2 design, testing and certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A large volume of contact-handled transuranic (CH TRU) nuclear waste has been generated and has accumulated at ten Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. Approximately 168,000 cubic meters of this waste has been targeted for shipment to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, New Mexico. Shipment of all of this waste is expected to require more than 15,000 shipments, totalling approximately 38 million kilometers of travel. The TRUPACT-II is a reusable package for shipment of CH TRU waste; it is designed in accordance with US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) requirements for Type B packages found in 10 CFR 71. There are two separate levels of containment to permit shipment of plutonium in excess of 740 GBq per package. The packaging is a right circular cylinder in shape, with a domed top and a flat bottom; external dimensions are 240 centimeters in diameter and 309 centimeters high. The capacity of each TRUPACT-II is 3182 kilograms of waste that can be loaded into fourteen 210-1 drums; or two 1.9 cubic meters standard waste boxes (SWBs). Three TRUPACT-II packages are transported on a custom designed semitrailer which is pulled by a conventional tractor for highway transport of CH TRU waste between DOE sites and to the WIPP near Carlsbad, New Mexico. The Safety Analysis Report (SAR) for the TRUPACT-II Package was initially submitted to the NRC in March 1989. Four revisions were issued during the period from May through August 1989. NRC certification of the package was received on August 30, 1989. 5 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab

  2. Structural Design Challenges in Design Certification Applications for New Reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miranda, M.; Braverman, J.; Wei, X.; Hofmayer, C.; Xu, J.

    2011-07-17

    The licensing framework established by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission under Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR) Part 52, “Licenses, Certifications, and Approvals for Nuclear Power Plants,” provides requirements for standard design certifications (DCs) and combined license (COL) applications. The intent of this process is the early reso- lution of safety issues at the DC application stage. Subsequent COL applications may incorporate a DC by reference. Thus, the COL review will not reconsider safety issues resolved during the DC process. However, a COL application that incorporates a DC by reference must demonstrate that relevant site-specific de- sign parameters are confined within the bounds postulated by the DC, and any departures from the DC need to be justified. This paper provides an overview of structural design chal- lenges encountered in recent DC applications under the 10 CFR Part 52 process, in which the authors have participated as part of the safety review effort.

  3. 76 FR 82079 - AP1000 Design Certification Amendment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-30

    ... Vessel (RPV) Support System. SFP Decay Heat Analysis and Associated Design Changes. Spent Fuel Rack... any person. The NRC originally approved the AP1000 design certification in a final rule in 2006 (71 FR... notice of acceptance (ADAMS Accession No. ML073600743) in the Federal Register (73 FR 4926; January...

  4. An innovative approach to nuclear reactor design certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    General Electric has proposed that the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) consider adding an Appendix to 10CFR50 that would specifically address NRC Safety Review and Design Certification of advanced reactors through use of an experience building test program. The proposal was made in conjunction with the Department of Energy (DOE)-sponsored review of the General Electric advanced Liquid Metal Reactor (LMR) concept, Power Reactor Inherently Safe Module (PRISM). This paper provides a description of the proposed new 10CFR50 Appendix. It also provides the basis for the proposed new approach to Design Certification and outlines the plans that are in place for further review and consideration by the NRC

  5. System 80 +TM - design certification of a nuclear power module

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to meet utility needs for the 1990's, Combustion Engineering, Inc., is enhancing its standardized System 80R Nuclear Steam Supply System. The System 80+TM Standard Design will address new licensing issues and meet the needs of utilities for increased public safety, investment protection, operational flexibility, reduced cost, and case of maintenance. C-E is actively involved in a program to obtain certification of this advanced, standardized design by 1991. Design Certification will mean that the vast majority of the regulatory issues are resolved, up front, prior to initiating construction. This, by itself will substantially reduce uncertainties in construction times and costs. This paper describes (1) the process for improving the System 80 standard NSSS design, (2) some of the new features of the System 80+ Standard Design, and (3) the expanded design and licensing scope of the Nuclear Power Module

  6. Calculation of the limiting CESSAR Feedwater Line-Break and Steam Line-Break transients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), under contract to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, performed audit calculations of the limiting Feedwater Line Break (FLB) and Steam Line Break (SLB) transients presented in the CESSAR FSAR. The results of the FLB and SLB calculations are discussed

  7. Sustainability Certification (DGNB) and Design Process in the Case of four Healthcare Centres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunsgaard, Camilla

    2016-01-01

    Sustainability certification schemes experience grooving popularity. Only few years ago, Denmark got its own sustainability certification scheme based on the German DGNB certification scheme run by Green Building Council Denmark [1]. The objective of this study is to investigate if and in what way...... the iterative design process in the initial design phases securing decision-making on sufficient level of knowledge....

  8. Development of Mitigation Strategy for Beyond Design Basis External Events for NRC Design Certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, how to develop FLEX strategy for beyond-design-basis external events for U. S. NRC design certification is examined. The development method of FLEX strategy for U. S. NRC design certification is examined. The applicants should make unit-specific FLEX strategy and establish the minimum coping capabilities consistent with unit-specific evaluation of the potential impacts and responses to BDBEEs. NEI 12-06 outlines the process to define and deploy the diverse and flexible mitigation strategies(FLEX strategy) that will increase defense-in-depth for beyond-design-basis scenarios to address the extended loss of alternating current (ac) power (ELAP) and loss of normal access to the ultimate heat sink (LUHS) occurring simultaneously at all units on a site. The order (EA-12-049) is issued to all reactor licensees, including holders of active, Construction Permit (CP) holders, and Combined License (COL) holders. Applicants for the new reactor design certification should prepare and submit FLEX strategy for NRC staff's review. Site-specific data related with the new reactor can't be determined during the new reactor design certification applications so that the unit-specific FLEX strategy should be developed

  9. Seismic Analysis Issues in Design Certification Applications for New Reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miranda, M.; Morante, R.; Xu, J.

    2011-07-17

    The licensing framework established by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission under Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR) Part 52, “Licenses, Certifications, and Approvals for Nuclear Power Plants,” provides requirements for standard design certifications (DCs) and combined license (COL) applications. The intent of this process is the early reso- lution of safety issues at the DC application stage. Subsequent COL applications may incorporate a DC by reference. Thus, the COL review will not reconsider safety issues resolved during the DC process. However, a COL application that incorporates a DC by reference must demonstrate that relevant site-specific de- sign parameters are within the bounds postulated by the DC, and any departures from the DC need to be justified. This paper provides an overview of several seismic analysis issues encountered during a review of recent DC applications under the 10 CFR Part 52 process, in which the authors have participated as part of the safety review effort.

  10. 10 CFR Appendix D to Part 52 - Design Certification Rule for the AP1000 Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...)(1) of 10 CFR 50.62—Auxiliary (or emergency) feedwater system; and 3. Appendix A to 10 CFR part 50...) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of the generic DCD may be obtained from Ronald P. Vijuk, Manager, Passive... design, in accordance with 10 CFR part 52, subpart B. The applicant for certification of the...

  11. Certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fry, F

    1994-06-01

    The Concise Oxford English Dictionary defines 'dilemma' as "an argument forcing one to choose one of two alternatives both unfavourable to him (or her)". This is situation that frequently confronts the general practitioner. In this article a personal solution to the problem of 'certificates' is presented. Not every one will necessarily agree with the solutions presented and some may find them unacceptable, or have better solutions. The author warmly welcomes correspondence, either personal, or in the form of Letters to the Editor, as this is a subject in which consensus decisions are important. PMID:8053842

  12. 78 FR 59981 - Proposed Revision to Physical Security-Standard Design Certification and Operating Reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ..., incorporate licensing experience from previous design certification application reviews, and to inform... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR REGULATORY... AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Standard review plan-draft section revision; request...

  13. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design and shipment of radioactive material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authorization of packages and shipments of radioactive materials are issued in the form of certificates by the national competent authority of the IAEA Member State in which the package is designed or from which a shipment originates, and may be validated or endorsed by the corresponding authority of other Member States as the need arises. This directory summarizes in tabular form the key information on existing package approval certificates contained in PACKTRAM database. 5 tabs

  14. 76 FR 3540 - U.S. Advanced Boiling Water Reactor Aircraft Impact Design Certification Amendment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ... COMMISSION 10 CFR Part 52 RIN 3150-AI84 U.S. Advanced Boiling Water Reactor Aircraft Impact Design... the U.S. Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) standard plant design to comply with the NRC's aircraft...--Design Certification Rule for the U.S. Advanced Boiling Water Reactor IV. Section-by-Section Analysis...

  15. 48 CFR 50.205-3 - Authorization of offers contingent upon SAFETY Act designation or certification before contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS AND THE SAFETY ACT Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 50.205-3 Authorization of offers contingent upon SAFETY Act designation or certification before... contingent upon SAFETY Act designation or certification before contract award. 50.205-3 Section...

  16. 48 CFR 50.205-4 - Authorization of awards made presuming SAFETY Act designation or certification after contract award.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS AND THE SAFETY ACT Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 50.205-4 Authorization of awards made presuming SAFETY Act designation or certification after... made presuming SAFETY Act designation or certification after contract award. 50.205-4 Section...

  17. European-wide Formation and Certification for the Competitive Edge in Integrated Design

    OpenAIRE

    Van Riel, A.; Tichkiewitch, S.; Messnarz, R.

    2009-01-01

    Competitive Product Design is more and more linked to mastering the challenge of the complexity and multidisciplinary nature of modern products in an integrated fashion from the very earliest phases of product development. Design Engineers are increasingly confronted with the need to master several different engineering disciplines in order to get a sufficient understanding of a product or service. Industrialists demand for the certification of these skills, as well as for their i...

  18. 76 FR 10269 - AP1000 Design Certification Amendment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ...) Decay Heat Analysis and Associated Design Changes Spent Fuel Rack Design and Criticality Analysis Vacuum... Accession No. ML073600743) in the Federal Register (73 FR 4926, January 28, 2008). On September 22, 2008... referenced in the following COL applications: Vogtle, Units 3 and 4, Docket No. 05200025/6, 73 FR...

  19. The pursuit of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification for campus housing at public universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konvalinka, April Hicks

    This dissertation identifies the reasons why institutions of higher education pursue Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification for new construction of campus housing. The research was guided by three questions: 1. Why did the institution choose to pursue LEED certification for campus housing? 2. What considerations should be made in the design, development, and planning process of a LEED residence hall? 3. What significant impact has the LEED residence hall made on campus? The outcomes of this study will provide insight to university and housing administrators who are considering pursuit of LEED certification for new residence hall development. The primary sources of data are chief housing officers or their designees at public four-year colleges and universities with new campus housing awarded LEED certification. Qualitative research techniques were used to conduct interviews by LEED certification level: Platinum, Silver, Gold, and Certified. Data collection ended when data saturation of each question in each certification level was achieved. This dissertation offers reasons why universities pursue LEED certification: state requirement, institutional commitment, institutional standard, environmental stewardship, departmental decision, and student interest. Additionally, considerations and lessons learned from the pursuit of LEED certification have been identified and can serve as a guide to housing administrators who aim to achieve any LEED level certification.

  20. AP600 design certification thermal hydraulics testing and analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Westinghouse Electric Corporation, in conjunction with the Department of Energy and the Electric Power Research Institute, have been developing an advanced light water reactor design; the AP600. The AP600 is a 1940 Mwt, 600Mwe unit which is similar to a Westinghouse two-loop Pressurized Water Reactor. The accumulated knowledge on reactor design to reduce the capital costs, construction time, and the operational and maintenance cost of the unit once it begins to generate electrical power. The AP600 design goal is to maintain an overall cost advantage over fossil generated electrical power

  1. AP600 design certification thermal hydraulics testing and analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hochreiter, L.E.; Piplica, E.J.

    1995-09-01

    Westinghouse Electric Corporation, in conjunction with the Department of Energy and the Electric Power Research Institute, have been developing an advanced light water reactor design; the AP600. The AP600 is a 1940 Mwt, 600Mwe unit which is similar to a Westinghouse two-loop Pressurized Water Reactor. The accumulated knowledge on reactor design to reduce the capital costs, construction time, and the operational and maintenance cost of the unit once it begins to generate electrical power. The AP600 design goal is to maintain an overall cost advantage over fossil generated electrical power.

  2. Design certification program of the simplified boiling water reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    General Electric (GE), the US Department of Energy, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), and utilities are undertaking a cooperative program to enable advanced light water reactor (ALWR) designs to be certified by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). GE is seeking to certify two advanced plants; the Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) and the Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (SBWR). Both plants use advanced features that build on proven BWR technology

  3. Regulatory review of passive plant design certification test programs. Results and lessons learned

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of its review of advanced, passive light water reactor designs for certification, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has almost completed its review of test programs developed by the reactor vendors to demonstrate passive safety system performance and to support development and validation of safety analysis computer codes. Results of the test program reviews are discussed, focusing on the data and its analysis. The NRC's regulatory perspective and important lessons learned are also addressed

  4. Reflections on How DGNB(UD) Certification Standards Effect Design Methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mansfeldt Faurbjerg, Lise; Redder Pedersen, Stine; Jensen, Lotte Bjerregaard; Nygaard Sørensen, Christian

    second DGNB standard, now focusing on urban districts. This certification standard is currently still in the process of being adjusted to Danish standards. DGNB Urban Districts (DGNB(UD)) pleads for using their system as design ‘tool’ or guideline for the very early design stages. This process has not...... been investigated or described well. In this paper, the effect of DGNB(UD) on design is investigated in a case study using DGNB(UD) as a ‘design tool’. The effects on the design process is observed and compared to well established methodologies of integrated energy design (IED) and traditional beaux......- arts architectural design. The case study addresses the design of an abandoned harbor area to be re-inhabited and to provide new functions....

  5. The OECI certification/designation program: the Genoa experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orengo, Giovanni; Pronzato, Paolo; Ferrarini, Manlio

    2015-12-31

    Accreditation and designation procedures by the Organisation of European Cancer Institutes (OECI) have represented a considerable challenge for most of the Italian cancer centers. We summarize the experience of the San Martino-IST in Genoa, which, on the whole, was satisfactory, albeit demanding for the staff. The reorganization of most oncology/hematology operations within the disease management teams was probably the key point that allowed us to obtain approval as it brought about the possibility of bringing in uniform methods of diagnosis/treatment, increasing patient recruitment in clinical trials, and fostering translational research by promoting collaboration between clinicians and laboratory investigators. The creation of a more cohesive supportive and terminal care team facilitated both the OECI procedures as well as the operations within the institution. Finally, some considerations are added to the doctor and nurse management roles in Italian hospitals characterized by noticeable differences from northern Europe. These differences may represent an extra challenge for hospital management and evaluator teams more used to the northern European type of organization. PMID:27096267

  6. Ares I Stage Separation System Design Certification Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayers, Stephen L.; Beard, Bernard B.; Smith, R. Kenneth; Patterson, Alan

    2009-01-01

    NASA is committed to the development of a new crew launch vehicle, the Ares I, that can support human missions to low Earth orbit (LEO) and the moon with unprecedented safety and reliability. NASA's Constellation program comprises the Ares I and Ares V launch vehicles, the Orion crew vehicle, and the Altair lunar lander. Based on historical precedent, stage separation is one of the most significant technical and systems engineering challenges that must be addressed in order to achieve this commitment. This paper surveys historical separation system tests that have been completed in order to ensure staging of other launch vehicles. Key separation system design trades evaluated for Ares I include single vs. dual separation plane options, retro-rockets vs. pneumatic gas actuators, small solid motor quantity/placement/timing, and continuous vs. clamshell interstage configuration options. Both subscale and full-scale tests are required to address the prediction of complex dynamic loading scenarios present during staging events. Test objectives such as separation system functionality, and pyroshock and debris field measurements for the full-scale tests are described. Discussion about the test article, support infrastructure and instrumentation are provided.

  7. Structural and piping issues in the design certification of advanced reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the design certification of structures and piping for evolutionary and passive advanced light water reactors. Advanced reactor designs are based on a set of assumed site-related parameters that are selected to envelop a majority of potential nuclear power plant sites. Multiple time histories are used as the seismic design basis in order to cover the majority of potential sites in the US. Additionally, design are established to ensure that surface motions at a particular site will not exceed the enveloped standard design surface motions. State-of-the-art soil-structure interaction (SSI) analyses have been performed for the advanced reactors, which include structure-to-structure interaction for all seismic Category 1 structures. Advanced technology has been utilized to exclude the dynamic effects of pipe rupture from structural design by demonstrating that the probability of pipe rupture is extremely low. For piping design, the advanced reactor vendors have developed design acceptance criteria (DAC) which provides the piping design analysis methods, design procedures, and acceptance criteria. In SECY-93-087 the NRC staff recommended that the Commission approve the approach to eliminate the OBE from the design of structures and piping in advanced reactors and provided guidance which identifies the necessary changes to existing seismic design criteria. The supplemental criteria address fatigue, seismic anchor motion, and piping stress limits when the OBE is eliminated

  8. 45 CFR 170.304 - Specific certification criteria for Complete EHRs or EHR Modules designed for an ambulatory setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... or EHR Modules designed for an ambulatory setting. 170.304 Section 170.304 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT... for Complete EHRs or EHR Modules designed for an ambulatory setting. The Secretary adopts the following certification criteria for Complete EHRs or EHR Modules designed to be used in an...

  9. 45 CFR 170.306 - Specific certification criteria for Complete EHRs or EHR Modules designed for an inpatient setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... or EHR Modules designed for an inpatient setting. 170.306 Section 170.306 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT... for Complete EHRs or EHR Modules designed for an inpatient setting. The Secretary adopts the following certification criteria for Complete EHRs or EHR Modules designed to be used in an inpatient setting....

  10. 10 CFR Appendix A to Part 52 - Design Certification Rule for the U.S. Advanced Boiling Water Reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) of 10 CFR 50.34—Post-Accident Sampling for Boron, Chloride, and Dissolved Gases; and 3. Paragraph (f... design feature in the generic DCD are governed by the requirements in 10 CFR 50.109. Generic changes that... design certification for the U.S. Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) design, in accordance with 10...

  11. Economic Valuation of the Design Certificate of SMART by using Real Option

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The costs involved with nuclear power are very uncertain. This is because of a long period of construction as well as the cost uncertainties of decommission and radio active waste management. These activities are to be undertaken a long period after the end of its commercial operation. The cost estimation involves a lot of uncertainties especially when the technologies a nuclear power adopts are not conventional but new ones that have no experiences to be applied in historical constructions like SMART. The cost of design certificates should be included in the total cost calculation of the FOAK(First-Of-A Kind) plant of SMART. The project of the design certificate for the FOAK plant of SMART(100MWe) was launched in 2009 and planned to last for 3 years and completed in 2011 before SMART would be constructed in a domestic site in Korea. SMART has been developed as a dual product plant, one for electricity and the other for potable water. However, this study assumes SMART to be a power plant producing only electricity. It is evident that the construction of SMART would not be allowed without a design certificate. This study assumes the construction of SMART to be undertaken only when the investment is expected to generate an expected positive Net Present Value at the start of construction of the plant. In other words, the decision on the construction of the plant would be made again at the start of the construction of it. This flexibility given to the decision on the construction assumed in this study cannot be incorporated in the traditional economic evaluation method of Net Present Value(NPV), which basically assumes all the benefits and costs be expected values. If one or more of the outcomes would result in a negative NPV for the project, this is reflected in the overall NPV of the project, resulting in lowering the expected NPV of the project. There is no way in the NPV method to get rid of the negative contribution to the NPV of the project. To reflect the

  12. Trainer certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A DOE Technical Safety Appraisal in October 1986 found that training at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant was fragmented and lacked uniformity. Training was localized in departments and was more often handled by line supervisors, etc. - with no certification. The Trainer Certification Program has provided the means for applying standard guidelines to ensure that training is designed, applied, and evaluated in a consistent, effective, and efficient manner. The program is in a state of substantial change and a target date for compliance is set for 1989. Trainer certification will provide both current and future resources to ensure consistent and effective training. 22 figures

  13. Quality Certification, Institutions and Innovation in Local Agro-Food Systems: Protected Designations of Origin of Olive Oil in Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canada, Javier Sanz; Vazquez, Alfredo Macias

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the interrelations between establishment of territorial quality certification systems (Protected Designations of Origin or PDOs), diffusion of innovations through local agro-food chains, and the role of the institutions overseeing geographical designations. Empirical analysis is applied to olive oil PDOs in Spain and entails…

  14. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 2003 ed

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the fourteenth annual report being published by the Secretariat of the International Atomic Energy Agency since implementing its database on package approval certificates (PACKTRAM) at the recommendation of the Transport Safety Standards Committee (TRANSSC). It supersedes IAEA-TECDOC-1302 'Directory of National Competent Authorities' Approval Certificates for Package Design, Special Form Material and Shipment of Radioactive Material, 2002 Edition'. Through the database, the Secretariat collects administrative and technical information provided by the issuing competent authority about package approval certificates. Such data are used mainly by national competent authorities and port and customs officials to assist in regulating radioactive material movements in their country, and also by manufacturers and shippers of radioactive material. The database carries information on extant certificates and those that expired within the last complete calendar year. The PACKTRAM database only contains information that has been provided to the IAEA. The data are not complete nor guaranteed to be accurate. If detailed information is required, the original package approval certificates must be consulted. If information is required about package approval certificates that are not contained in the database, the issuing competent authority must be consulted

  15. Regulatory issues resolved through design certification on the System 80+trademark standard plant design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has completed its review of the System 80+trademark Standard Plant Design, approving advanced design features and closing severe accident licensing issues. Final Design Approval was granted in July 1994. The NRC review was extensive, requiring written responses to over 4,950 questions and formal printing of over 50,000 Safety Analysis Report pages. New safety issues never before addressed in a regulatory atmosphere had to be resolved with detailed analysis and evaluation of design features. the System 80+ review demonstrated that regulatory issues can be firmly resolved only through presentation of a detailed design and completion of a comprehensive regulatory review

  16. Transportation package design certification process at the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Spent Fuel Project Office of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) certifies designs for Type B and fissile material transport packages. The Spent Fuel Project Office also conducts technical reviews for foreign-approved designs for import and export shipments. In an effort to improve efficiency and effectiveness, the Spent Fuel Project Office developed Standard Review Plans for transportation package design review and established internal policies and protocols to formalize the review process. The Standard Review Plans were developed to summarize the regulatory requirements for package approval, describe the procedures by which the staff determines that these requirements have been satisfied, and document the practices developed by the staff in previous reviews of package applications. The Standard Review Plans are used in conjunction with a Standard Format and Content Guide and other regulatory guidance documents developed by the NRC. Use of these documents is intended to assure high quality applications for package approval and to result in a technical review that is timely and consistent with regulatory requirements. A formalized review process was also developed that included work prioritization, scheduling, and review process templates. The development by IAEA of a standard format for applications for package approval and a review guide for competent authority approved designs and shipments based on Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material, TS-R-1, could be used to assist package designers and shippers involved with international transport of radioactive materials. The author also comments on participation in the IAEA TranSAS Mission to the United Kingdom with respect to the package design certification process. (author)

  17. Continuing certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Northeast Utilities completed the initial certification milestone for its Millstone 2 simulator in June of 1989. NU intends to reach that milestone on its other 3 simulators by the 3rd quarter of 1990. This paper will provide an overview of the resources (manpower, simulator time, etc.) that NU has allocated to maintain its simulators ANS-3.5 compliant, i.e., certified. NU's plan for ensuring on-going compliance to the regulatory requirements is centered around its formal, proceduralized Certification Program which addresses, as one of its main functions, simulator configuration management. Simulator configuration management will remain an on-going commitment requiring considerable attention and allocation of resources throughout the life of the simulator. This paper will describe NU's experience with this phase of the certification process for the Millstone 2 simulator, namely: updating of the design data base, implementation of plant design changes and resolution of simulator deficiencies, performance testing (including operability testing), and documentation

  18. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 1992 ed

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Being in a unique position to facilitate information exchange, the Secretariat of the International Atomic Energy Agency was requested by its Standing Advisory Group on the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (SAGSTRAM) to collate package approval data and publish periodical reports thereon. A database was implemented on the mainframe computer in the mid-1980s but this was soon adapted for use on a personal computer. A fully menu-driven system programme was designed that allows both contributing Member States and the Secretariat more flexibility in data processing and reporting. Complete documentation is available in the form of a user guide. The cut-off date used for this report is 31 August 1992. This report supersedes IAEA-TECDOC-617 ''Directory of National Competent Authorities' Approval Certificates for Package Design, Special Form Material and Shipment of Radioactive Material, 1991 Edition''. The information contained in this report is given in six tables. In each of these, information is presented in alphabetical order based on the certificate number. The certificate number is identical with the competent authority identification mark. It is composed of the issuing Member State's international vehicle registration identification (VRI) code, followed by a slash, then a unique number specific to a particular design or shipment that is assigned by the competent authority, another slash and finally a code identifying the type of package involved. ''-85'' is appended to those certificates that were approved on the basis of the 1985 Edition of Safety Series No. 6. Tables 1 to 4 present administrative data including issue and expiry dates, package identification, package serial numbers, modes for which the package/shipment is approved and the edition of Safety Series No. 6 on which the approval has been based. The technical information on package mass, authorized contents, and detailed and general description of the package are contained in Table 5. Table 6

  19. Secure Digital Certificate Design Based on the Public Key Cryptography Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang Qi ming

    2013-01-01

        With the popularity of the Internet, more and more people choose online shopping, however, in the case of lacking security measures, there is a great deal of risk on the Internet. to this situation,In response to this situation, this paper presents a digital certificate based on the X.509 standard. This paper uses the C language generation public key algorithm (RSA),Realization of the digital certificate registration, verification and certificate generation process,the identity of certifi...

  20. Secure Digital Certificate Design Based on the Public Key Cryptography Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Qi ming

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available     With the popularity of the Internet, more and more people choose online shopping, however, in the case of lacking security measures, there is a great deal of risk on the Internet. to this situation,In response to this situation, this paper presents a digital certificate based on the X.509 standard. This paper uses the C language generation public key algorithm (RSA,Realization of the digital certificate registration, verification and certificate generation process,the identity of certification users can be verified and provide proof of identity on the Internet transactions ,reducing the transaction risks greatly , ensuring the user's property and interests are not infringed.

  1. Final safety evaluation report related to the certification of the Advanced Boiling Water Reactor design. Supplement 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report supplements the final safety evaluation report (FSER) for the US Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) standard design. The FSER was issued by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff as NUREG-1503 in July 1994 to document the NRC staff's review of the US ABWR design. The US ABWR design was submitted by GE Nuclear Energy (GE) in accordance with the procedures of Subpart B to Part 52 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations. This supplement documents the NRC staff's review of the changes to the US ABWR design documentation since the issuance of the FSER. GE made these changes primarily as a result of first-of-a-kind-engineering (FOAKE) and as a result of the design certification rulemaking for the ABWR design. On the basis of its evaluations, the NRC staff concludes that the confirmatory issues in NUREG-1503 are resolved, that the changes to the ABWR design documentation are acceptable, and that GE's application for design certification meets the requirements of Subpart B to 10 CFR Part 52 that are applicable and technically relevant to the US ABWR design

  2. Final safety evaluation report related to the certification of the advanced boiling water reactor design. Volume 2: Appendices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This safety evaluation report (SER) documents the technical review of the US Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) standard design by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff. The application for the ABWR design was initially submitted by the General Electric Company, now GE Nuclear Energy (GE), in accordance with the procedures of Appendix O of Part 50 of Title 10 of the code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR Part 50). Later GE requested that its application be considered as an application for design approval and subsequent design certification pursuant to 10 CFR section 52.45. The ABWR is a single-cycle, forced-circulation, boiling water reactor (BWR) with a rated power of 3,926 megawatts thermal (MWt) and a design power of 4,005 MWt. To the extent feasible and appropriate, the staff relied on earlier reviews for those ABWR design features that are substantially the same as those previously considered. Unique features of the ABWR design include internal recirculation pumps, fine-motion control rod drives, microprocessor-based digital logic and control systems, and digital safety systems. On the basis of its evaluation and independent analyses, the NRC staff concludes that, subject to satisfactory resolution of the confirmatory items identified in Section 1.8 of this SER, GE's application for design certification meets the requirements of Subpart B of 10 CFR Part 52 that are applicable and technically relevant to the US ABWR standard design

  3. Final safety evaluation report related to the certification of the advanced boiling water reactor design. Volume 1: Main report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-07-01

    This safety evaluation report (SER) documents the technical review of the US Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) standard design by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff. The application for the ABWR design was initially submitted by the General Electric Company, now GE Nuclear Energy (GE), in accordance with the procedures of Appendix O of Part 50 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR Part 50). Later GE requested that its application be considered as an application for design approval and subsequent design certification pursuant to 10 CFR {section} 52.45. The ABWR is a single-cycle, forced-circulation, boiling water reactor (BWR) with a rated power of 3,926 megawatts thermal (MWt) and a design power of 4,005 MWt. To the extent feasible and appropriate, the staff relied on earlier reviews for those ABWR design features that are substantially the same as those previously considered. Unique features of the ABWR design include internal recirculation pumps, fine-motion control rod drives, microprocessor-based digital logic and control systems, and digital safety systems. On the basis of its evaluation and independent analyses, the NRC staff concludes that, subject to satisfactory resolution of the confirmatory items identified in Section 1.8 of this SER, GE`s application for design certification meets the requirements of Subpart B of 10 CFR Part 52 that are applicable and technically relevant to the US ABWR standard design.

  4. Final safety evaluation report related to the certification of the advanced boiling water reactor design. Volume 1: Main report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This safety evaluation report (SER) documents the technical review of the US Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) standard design by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff. The application for the ABWR design was initially submitted by the General Electric Company, now GE Nuclear Energy (GE), in accordance with the procedures of Appendix O of Part 50 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR Part 50). Later GE requested that its application be considered as an application for design approval and subsequent design certification pursuant to 10 CFR section 52.45. The ABWR is a single-cycle, forced-circulation, boiling water reactor (BWR) with a rated power of 3,926 megawatts thermal (MWt) and a design power of 4,005 MWt. To the extent feasible and appropriate, the staff relied on earlier reviews for those ABWR design features that are substantially the same as those previously considered. Unique features of the ABWR design include internal recirculation pumps, fine-motion control rod drives, microprocessor-based digital logic and control systems, and digital safety systems. On the basis of its evaluation and independent analyses, the NRC staff concludes that, subject to satisfactory resolution of the confirmatory items identified in Section 1.8 of this SER, GE's application for design certification meets the requirements of Subpart B of 10 CFR Part 52 that are applicable and technically relevant to the US ABWR standard design

  5. Final safety evaluation report related to the certification of the advanced boiling water reactor design. Volume 2: Appendices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-07-01

    This safety evaluation report (SER) documents the technical review of the US Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) standard design by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff. The application for the ABWR design was initially submitted by the General Electric Company, now GE Nuclear Energy (GE), in accordance with the procedures of Appendix O of Part 50 of Title 10 of the code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR Part 50). Later GE requested that its application be considered as an application for design approval and subsequent design certification pursuant to 10 CFR {section} 52.45. The ABWR is a single-cycle, forced-circulation, boiling water reactor (BWR) with a rated power of 3,926 megawatts thermal (MWt) and a design power of 4,005 MWt. To the extent feasible and appropriate, the staff relied on earlier reviews for those ABWR design features that are substantially the same as those previously considered. Unique features of the ABWR design include internal recirculation pumps, fine-motion control rod drives, microprocessor-based digital logic and control systems, and digital safety systems. On the basis of its evaluation and independent analyses, the NRC staff concludes that, subject to satisfactory resolution of the confirmatory items identified in Section 1.8 of this SER, GE`s application for design certification meets the requirements of Subpart B of 10 CFR Part 52 that are applicable and technically relevant to the US ABWR standard design.

  6. International certification of nuclear power reactors design. A proposal from the U.S. NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proposal foundations of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Board Chairman are briefly described, which were enunciated at a meeting on Fourth Generation Reactors (Washington, March 2005). This proposal is analyzed mainly from the point of view of its consequences in third countries buyers of nuclear technology. The analysis is complemented by descriptions of the current process of the NRC design certification and of Third and Fourth Generation Reactors. (author)

  7. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 2002 ed

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current edition of the transport Regulations was published in 1996 and is more commonly referred to as 'ST-1'. Earlier Editions were known as Safety Series No. 6. The latest English reprint (2000) is now identified as TS-R-1 (ST-1, Revised). The transport Regulations elaborate requirements for the design, fabrication and maintenance of packaging as well as those for preparation, consigning, handling, carriage, storage in transit and receipt of the packages at final destination. Approval issued in the form of certificates is required for the design or shipment of packages. This report supersedes IAEA-TECDOC-1237 Directory of National Competent Authorities' Approval Certificates for Package Design, Special Form Material and Shipment of Radioactive Material, 2001 Edition. It is distributed worldwide to the IAEA Member States' competent authorities for transport, and other entities who have requested copies. Electronic copies of the main data file are provided to registered users of the PACKTRAM database. The information contained in this report is given in six tables. In each of these, information is presented in alphabetical order based on the certificate number. Tables 1 to 4 present administrative data including issue and expiry dates, package identification, package serial numbers, modes for which the package/shipment is approved and the edition of the IAEA Transport Safety Regulations on which the approval has been based. The technical information on package mass, authorized contents, and detailed and general description of the package are contained in Table 5. Table 6 shows the certificates reported to the Secretariat by each participating Member State

  8. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 2001 edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current edition of the transport Regulations was published in 1996 and is more commonly referred to as 'ST-1'. Earlier Editions were known as Safety Series No. 6. The latest English reprint (2000) is now identified as TS-R-1 (ST-1, Revised). The transport Regulations elaborate requirements for the design, fabrication and maintenance of packaging as well as those for preparation, consigning, handling, carriage, storage in transit and receipt of the packages at final destination. Approval issued in the form of certificates is required for the design or shipment of packages. This report supersedes IAEA-TECDOC-1171 Directory of National Competent Authorities' Approval Certificates for Package Design, Special Form Material and Shipment of Radioactive Material, 2000 Edition. It is distributed worldwide to the IAEA Member States' competent authorities for transport, and other entities who have requested copies. Electronic copies of the main data file are provided to registered users of the PACKTRAM database. The information contained in this report is given in six tables. In each of these, information is presented in alphabetical order based on the certificate number. Tables 1 to 4 present administrative data including issue and expiry dates, package identification, package serial numbers, modes for which the package/shipment is approved and the edition of the IAEA Transport Safety Regulations on which the approval has been based. The technical information on package mass, authorized contents, and detailed and general description of the package are contained in Table 5. Table 6 shows the certificates reported to the Secretariat by each participating Member State

  9. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 2004 ed

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The PACKTRAM database contains administrative and technical information provided annually by the issuing competent authority about package approval certificates. Such data are used mainly by national competent authorities and port and customs officials to assist in regulating radioactive material movements in their country, and also by manufacturers and shippers of radioactive material. The database carries information on extant certificates and those that expired within the last complete calendar year. This is the fifteenth PACKTRAM annual report to being published by the IAEA. It is distributed worldwide mainly to designated competent authorities, as well as to registered interested parties. The database itself is maintained at www.packtram.org and can be accessed by the general public

  10. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 1991 edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The format of this report is a result of recommendations made by the Standing Advisory Group on the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (SAGSTRAM) at its 6th meeting in November 1987. The database was at that time maintained on the main frame and it was felt that adapting it for use on a personal computer would allow more flexibility in data processing and reporting. This document supersedes TECDOC-552 ''Directory of National Competent Authorities' Approval Certificates for Package Design and Shipment of Radioactive Material 1990 Edition''. Since publication of TECDOC-552, some modifications affecting the structure of the database and reporting formats were undertaken. These are fully described in ''Working Material: The PACKTRAM Database National Competent Authority Package Approval Certificates, User Guide Rev. 1'', which was released in early 1991. The present report is contained in five tables. In each of these, information is presented in alphabetical order based on the certificate number. This is composed of the issuing Member State's VRI code, followed by a slash, then a three- or four-digit number, another slash and finally a code identifying the type of package involved. ''-85'' is appended to those certificates that were approved on the basis of the 1985 Edition of Safety Series No. 6. Tables 1 to 4 present administrative data including issue and expire, dates, package identification, package serial numbers, modes for which the package/shipment is approved and the edition of Safety Series No. 6 on which the approval has been based. The technical information on package mass, authorized contents, and detailed and general description of the package are contained in Table. 5

  11. The institutional design of forest certification standards initiatives and its influence on the role of science: the case of forest genetic resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auld, Graeme; Bull, Gary Q

    2003-09-01

    In the 1990s a wide array of non-governmental certification initiatives emerged as a way to promote the sustainable management of resources in sectors such as fisheries and forestry. In this paper, we examine two related questions about these initiatives: how does the institutional design of certification initiatives affect the way science is used in the development of certification standards and in whose interest is science employed? Using the empirical case of forest certification and the specific standards various initiatives have created to address the management of forest genetic resources, we show how structural aspects of decision-making processes affects the standards adopted and the rationalization for their appropriateness. Two basic models of decision-making-stakeholder participation and technical expertise-are discussed in relation to three certification initiatives active in North America-the Canadian Standards Association, the Sustainable Forestry Initiative and the Forest Stewardship Council. By examining the standards these initiatives set for the management of forest genetic resources, we illustrate how two dimensions of science-uncertainty and the logic of cause and effect-are used to rationalize cautious and rigid versus flexible and discretionary standards for the management of forest genetic resources. Our findings indicate that the design or structure of certification decision-making processes, and their embedded balance of authority, mediate the form of standards initiatives will justify on the basis of science. PMID:12927151

  12. Final safety evaluation report related to the certification of the System 80+ design: Docket Number 52-002. Supplement 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-05-01

    This report supplements the final safety evaluation report (FSER) for the System 80+ standard design. The FSER was issued by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff as NUREG-1462 in August 1994 to document the NRC staff`s review of the System 80+ design. The System 80+ design was submitted by Asea Brown Boveri-Combustion Engineering (ABB-CE), in accordance with the procedures of Subpart B to Part 52 of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations. This supplement documents the NRC staff`s review of the changes to the System 80+ design documentation since the issuance of the FSER. ABB-CE made these changes as a result of its review of the System 80+ design details. The NRC staff concludes that the changes to the System 80+ design documentation are acceptable, and that ABB-CE`s application for design certification meets the requirements of Subpart B to 10 CFR Part 52 that are applicable and technically relevant to the System 80+ design.

  13. Advanced light water reactor plants System 80+trademark design certification program. Annual progress report, October 1, 1994 - September 30, 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this report is to provide the status of the progress that was made towards Design Certification of System 80+trademark during the US government's 1995 fiscal year. The System 80+ Advanced Light Water Reactor (ALWR) is a 3931 MW (1350 MWe) Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR). The design covers an essentially complete plant. It is based on EPRI ALWR Utility Requirements Document (URD) improvements to the Standardized System 80 Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS) in operation at Palo Verde Units 1, 2, and 3. The NSSS is a traditional two-loop arrangement with two steam generators, two hot legs and four cold legs, each with a reactor coolant pump. The System 80+ standard design houses the NSSS in a spherical steel containment vessel which is enclosed in a concrete shield building, thus providing the safety advantages of a dual barrier to radioactivity release. Other major features include an all-digital, human-factors-engineered control room, an alternate electrical AC power source, an In-Containment Refueling Water Storage Tank (IRWST), and plant arrangements providing complete separation of redundant trains in safety systems

  14. Advanced light water reactor plants System 80+{trademark} design certification program. Annual progress report, October 1, 1995--September 30, 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    The purpose of this report is to provide a status of the progress that was made towards Design Certification of System 80+{trademark} during the US government`s 1996 fiscal year. The System 80+ Advanced Light Water Reactor (ALWR) is a 3931 MW (1350 MWe) Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR). The design covers an essentially complete plant. It is based on EPRI ALWR Utility Requirements Document (URD) improvements to the Standardized System 80 Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS) in operation at Palo Verde Units 1, 2 and 3. The NSSS is a traditional two-loop arrangement with two steam generators, two hot legs and four cold legs, each with a reactor coolant pump. The System 80+ standard design houses the NSSS in a spherical steel containment vessel which is enclosed in a concrete shield building, thus providing the safety advantages of a dual barrier to radioactivity release. Other major features include an all-digital, human-factors-engineered control room, an alternate electrical AC power source, an In-Containment Refueling Water Storage Tank (IRWST), and plant arrangements providing complete separation of redundant trains in safety systems.

  15. Advanced light water reactor plants System 80+trademark design certification program. Annual progress report, October 1, 1995 - September 30, 1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this report is to provide a status of the progress that was made towards Design Certification of System 80+trademark during the US government's 1996 fiscal year. The System 80+ Advanced Light Water Reactor (ALWR) is a 3931 MW (1350 MWe) Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR). The design covers an essentially complete plant. It is based on EPRI ALWR Utility Requirements Document (URD) improvements to the Standardized System 80 Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS) in operation at Palo Verde Units 1, 2 and 3. The NSSS is a traditional two-loop arrangement with two steam generators, two hot legs and four cold legs, each with a reactor coolant pump. The System 80+ standard design houses the NSSS in a spherical steel containment vessel which is enclosed in a concrete shield building, thus providing the safety advantages of a dual barrier to radioactivity release. Other major features include an all-digital, human-factors-engineered control room, an alternate electrical AC power source, an In-Containment Refueling Water Storage Tank (IRWST), and plant arrangements providing complete separation of redundant trains in safety systems

  16. 77 FR 74852 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Certification of Designated Medical Gases; Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-18

    ... medical gases. Specifically, section 575 provides that oxygen, nitrogen, nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, helium, carbon monoxide, and medical air are designated medical gases. Section 576 permits any...

  17. 76 FR 78096 - U.S. Advanced Boiling Water Reactor Aircraft Impact Design Certification Amendment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    ... are specifically designed to ensure that the reactor can be shutdown and decay heat can be removed..., 2009 (74 FR 62829). On June 12, 2009 (74 FR 28112), the NRC amended its regulations to require... proposed rule in the Federal Register on January 20, 2011 (76 FR 3540). The public comment period for...

  18. 48 CFR 52.250-3 - SAFETY Act Block Designation/Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Act designation of a technology class that the DHS has determined to be a Qualified Anti-Terrorism... a particular Anti-Terrorism Technology constitutes a QATT under the SAFETY Act. (b) The Support Anti... used in this provision— Act of terrorism means any act determined to have met the...

  19. Efficient Certificate Management in VANET

    OpenAIRE

    Samara, Ghassan

    2012-01-01

    Vehicular Ad hoc Networks is one of the most challenging research area in the field of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, in this research We propose a flexible, simple, and scalable design for VANET certificates, and new methods for efficient certificate management, which will Reduce channel overhead by eliminating the use of CRL, and make Better certificate Revocation Management. Also it will increase the security of the network and helps in identifying the adversary vehicle.

  20. Design, Integration, Certification and Testing of the Orion Crew Module Propulsion System

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, Heather; Coffman, Eric; May, Sarah; Freeman, Rich; Cain, George; Albright, John; Schoenberg, Rich; Delventhal, Rex

    2014-01-01

    The Orion Crew Module Propulsion Reaction Control System is currently complete and ready for flight as part of the Orion program's first flight test, Exploration Flight Test One (EFT-1). As part of the first article design, build, test, and integration effort, several key lessons learned have been noted and are planned for incorporation into the next build of the system. This paper provides an overview of those lessons learned and a status on the Orion propulsion system progress to date.

  1. Final safety evaluation report related to the certification of the System 80+ design (Docket No. 52-002). Volume 1, Chapters 1--14

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This final safety evaluation report (FSER) documents the technical review of the System 80+ standard design by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff. The application for the System 80+ design was submitted by Combustion Engineering, Inc., now Asea Brown Boveri-Combustion Engineering (ABB-CE) as an application for design approval and subsequent design certification pursuant to 10 CFR section 52.45. System 80+ is a pressurized water reactor with a rated power of 3914 megawatts thermal (MWt) and a design power of 3992 MWt at which accidents are analyzed. Many features of the System 80+ are similar to those of Abb-CE's System 80 design from which it evolved. Unique features of the System 80+ design included: a large spherical, steel containment; an in-containment refueling water storage tank; a reactor cavity flooding system, hydrogen ignitors, and a safety depressurization system for severe accident mitigation; a combustion gas turbine for an alternate ac source; and an advanced digitally based control room. On the basis of its evaluation and independent analyses, the NRC staff concludes that ABB-CE's application for design certification meets the requirements of Subpart B of 10 CFR Part 52 that are applicable and technically relevant to the System 80+ standard design. This document, Volume 1, contains Chapters 1 through 14 of this report

  2. Final safety evaluation report related to the certification of the System 80{sup +} design (Docket No. 52-002). Volume 2, Chapters 15--22 and appendices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-08-01

    This final safety evaluation report (FSER) documents the technical review of the System 80+ standard design by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff. The application for the system 80+ design was submitted by Combustion Engineering, Inc., now Asea Brown Boveri-Combustion Engineering (ABB-CE) as an application for design approval and subsequent design certification pursuant to 10 CFR {section} 52.45. System 80+ is a pressurized water reactor with a rated power of 3914 megawatts thermal (MWt) and a design power of 3992 MWt at which accidents are analyzed. Many features of the System 80+ are similar to those of ABB-CE`s System 80 design from which it evolved. Unique features of the System 80+ design include: a large spherical, steel containment; an in-containment refueling water storage tank; a reactor cavity flooding system, hydrogen ignitors and a safety depressurization system for severe accident mitigation; a combustion gas turbine for an alternate ac source; and an advanced digitally based control room. On the basis of its evaluation and independent analyses, the NRC staff concludes that ABB-CE`s application for design certification meets the requirements of Subpart B of 10 CFR Part 52 that are applicable and technically relevant to the System 80+ standard design. This document, Volume 2, contains Chapters 15 through 22 and Appendices A through E.

  3. Final safety evaluation report related to the certification of the System 80+ design (Docket No. 52-002). Volume 2, Chapters 15--22 and appendices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This final safety evaluation report (FSER) documents the technical review of the System 80+ standard design by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff. The application for the system 80+ design was submitted by Combustion Engineering, Inc., now Asea Brown Boveri-Combustion Engineering (ABB-CE) as an application for design approval and subsequent design certification pursuant to 10 CFR section 52.45. System 80+ is a pressurized water reactor with a rated power of 3914 megawatts thermal (MWt) and a design power of 3992 MWt at which accidents are analyzed. Many features of the System 80+ are similar to those of ABB-CE's System 80 design from which it evolved. Unique features of the System 80+ design include: a large spherical, steel containment; an in-containment refueling water storage tank; a reactor cavity flooding system, hydrogen ignitors and a safety depressurization system for severe accident mitigation; a combustion gas turbine for an alternate ac source; and an advanced digitally based control room. On the basis of its evaluation and independent analyses, the NRC staff concludes that ABB-CE's application for design certification meets the requirements of Subpart B of 10 CFR Part 52 that are applicable and technically relevant to the System 80+ standard design. This document, Volume 2, contains Chapters 15 through 22 and Appendices A through E

  4. Final safety evaluation report related to the certification of the System 80{sup +} design (Docket No. 52-002). Volume 1, Chapters 1--14

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-08-01

    This final safety evaluation report (FSER) documents the technical review of the System 80+ standard design by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff. The application for the System 80+ design was submitted by Combustion Engineering, Inc., now Asea Brown Boveri-Combustion Engineering (ABB-CE) as an application for design approval and subsequent design certification pursuant to 10 CFR {section} 52.45. System 80+ is a pressurized water reactor with a rated power of 3914 megawatts thermal (MWt) and a design power of 3992 MWt at which accidents are analyzed. Many features of the System 80+ are similar to those of Abb-CE`s System 80 design from which it evolved. Unique features of the System 80+ design included: a large spherical, steel containment; an in-containment refueling water storage tank; a reactor cavity flooding system, hydrogen ignitors, and a safety depressurization system for severe accident mitigation; a combustion gas turbine for an alternate ac source; and an advanced digitally based control room. On the basis of its evaluation and independent analyses, the NRC staff concludes that ABB-CE`s application for design certification meets the requirements of Subpart B of 10 CFR Part 52 that are applicable and technically relevant to the System 80+ standard design. This document, Volume 1, contains Chapters 1 through 14 of this report.

  5. Faster, less expensive package certifications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Department of Energy Packaging Certification Staff (PCS) has been reviewing ways to shorten the radioactive material packaging certification process and reduce the overall costs of obtaining certification. The PCS can help to identify existing certified packaging designs that may meet a shipper's needs. If it is necessary to design a new packaging, then the fastest, easiest way toward certification is through the use of common designs and materials already familiar to the PCS (though this is not always possible or desirable). The shipper should be realistic about the amount of time, money, and documentation necessary to obtain a certification, and should involve the PCS early in the planning of the packaging. The PCS will not do design work or recommend a design, but can warn of potential pitfalls. The Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) is the basis for certification; therefore, the adequacy of the SARP should be the focal point of all efforts toward certification. Technical services provided by the PCS can help in the preparation of the SARP and can accelerate the certification process

  6. The Design of Multi-Signature Certification Algorithm Protocol in Emergency Response System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu-fu Peng

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The safe exchange of information is one of the key issues in electronic emergency command system; in view of this, the needs of information exchange in the emergency system were introduced; the transfer process and encryption of information exchange business and the problem of multi-digital signature  to be solved in the emergency system was analyzed; the information exchange model and its affairs which must be achieved in the emergency system was given; the multi-linear sequence single sign model with comments, branch-free sequence mode, the linear additive signature model of the Information Signature Algorithm Protocol was designed in detail. The algorithm program of multi-linear additive signature with comments based on DSS Signature Algorithm was given. The secure transmission problem of information exchange in the emergency system is resolved; the efficiency and reliability of emergency command system is improved.

  7. NGNP Nuclear-Industrial Facility and Design Certification Boundaries White Paper

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas E. Hicks

    2011-07-01

    The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project was initiated at Idaho National Laboratory by the U.S. Department of Energy pursuant to the 2005 Energy Policy Act and based on research and development activities supported by the Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Initiative. The principal objective of the NGNP Project is to support commercialization of the high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) technology. The HTGR is helium cooled and graphite moderated and can operate at reactor outlet temperatures much higher than those of conventional light water reactor (LWR) technologies. Accordingly, it can be applied in many industrial applications as a substitute for burning fossil fuels, such as natural gas, in addition to producing electricity, which is the principal application of current LWRs. These varied industrial applications may involve a standard HTGR modular design using different Energy Conversion Systems. Additionally, some of these process heat applications will require process heat delivery systems to lie partially outside the HTGR operator’s facility.

  8. Suggestions for the"Integration in Multiple Certificates"Curriculum System Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵平

    2014-01-01

    Business English professional"Integration in Multiple Certificates"refers to these two kinds of certificates-a diploma and vocational certificates. Business English curriculum design unified vocational qualification certificate with professional training objectives. Basis on the meeting of requirements of certificates for graduation, making professional training contents, curriculum, teaching methods together with vocational training and the requirements of professional qualification certificates.

  9. Design, Fabrication, and Certification of Advanced Modular PV Power Systems Final Technical Progress Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the overall accomplishments and benefits of Solar Electric Specialties Co. (SES) under this Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) subcontract. SES addressed design issues related to their modular autonomous PV power supply (MAPPS) and a mobile photogenset. MAPPS investigations included gel-cell batteries mounted horizontally; redisgn of the SES power supply; modified battery enclosure for increased safety and reduced cost; programmable, interactive battery charge controllers; and UL and FM listings. The photogenset systems incorporate generators, battery storage, and PV panels for a mobile power supply. The unit includes automatic oil-change systems for the propane generators, collapsible array mounts for the PV enclosure, and internal stowage of the arrays. Standardizing the products resulted in product lines of MAPPS and Photogensets that can be produced more economically and with shorter lead times, while increasing product quality and reliability. Product assembly and quality control have also been improved and streamlined with the development of standardized assembly processes and QC testing procedures. SES offers the UL-listed MAPPS at about the same price as its previous non-standardized, unlisted products

  10. Climate certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reduced emissions of climate gases at the lowest cost require international cooperation in order to ensure that the most cost-efficient measures are taken. A market for emission rights is one way of achieving this. However, creating the right conditions for such a market to operate requires an unambiguous definition of the product to be traded. In this PM, the Swedish Power Association sketches out how such a product could be defined, and how a market for the resulting unambiguously defined product could be operated internationally, in parallel with other markets for energy products. Trade in climate certificates could become a joint EU approach to achieving common results within the field of climate policy. The main features of the proposal are as follows: Electricity producers would be allowed to issue climate certificates for electricity produced without climate-affecting emissions, e.g. in wind power plants. 1 kWh of electricity produced without emissions would entitle the utility to issue a climate certificate for 1 kWh. Electricity from power stations having low emissions, e.g. modern natural gas-fired plants, would entitle the utility to issue certificates in proportion to how much lower their emissions were in comparison with those from conventional coal-fired power stations. The number of certificates would be reduced by an individual coefficient, related directly to the quantity of climate-affecting emissions from the plant concerned. They would be traded and noted on markets in the various member countries. The certificates would not be nationally restricted, but could be traded across borders. Exchanges would be authorised by national authorities, in accordance with overall EU directives. These authorised exchanges would act as certification bodies, checking that certificates had been properly issued in accordance with a corresponding volume of electricity production. Electricity and certificates could be purchased from different suppliers. The

  11. Just Certification

    OpenAIRE

    Diaz Piedregal, Virginie

    2009-01-01

    Through the justice principles –equality, time, status, need, efficiency and worth– developed by Jon Elster, we show in this article how fair trade certification for producers is legitimatised by stakeholders. Based on a field investigation with coffee growers in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia and with fair trade organisations in the North (Max Havelaar/FLO, Andines and Artisans du Monde), the analysis firstly reviews just certification according to the impersonal criteria of “mechanical” justice,...

  12. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 1999 Edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the tenth annual report being published by the Secretariat of the International Atomic Energy Agency since implementing its database on package approval certificates (PACKTRAM) at the recommendation of the Transport Safety Standards Advisory Committee (TRANSSAC), formerly known as the Standing Advisory Group on the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (SAGSTRAM). The reporting format was established at consecutive meetings of SAGSTRAM and endorsed by TRANSSAC, whose membership consists of national competent authorities responsible for the transport of radioactive material from those Member States who have a nuclear industry and others who have shown a keen interest in the IAEA's transport safety programme. Through the PACKTRAM database, the Secretariat collects administrative and technical information on package approval certificates to assist national competent authorities in regulating radioactive material movements in their country. The database carries information on extant certificates and those that expired within the last complete calendar year. The 1985 Edition of IAEA Safety Series No. 6, the 'Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material' highlights the role of competent authorities in assuring regulatory compliance in their own countries. Package approval certificates are an important aspect of that function. This document aims to be a useful reference for competent authorities as well as for manufacturers and shippers of radioactive material

  13. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 1995 edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the sixth annual report being published by the Secretariat of the International Atomic Energy Agency since implementing its database on package approval certificates (PACKTRAM) at the recommendation of the Standing Advisory Group on the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (SAGSTRAM). The reporting format was established at consecutive meetings of SAGSTRAM, whose membership consists of national competent authorities responsible for the transport of radioactive material from those Member States who have a nuclear industry and others who have shown a keen interest in the IAEA's transport safety programme. Through the PACKTRAM database, the Secretariat collects administrative and technical information on package approval certificates to assist national competent authorities in regulating radioactive material movements in their country. The database carries information on extant certificates and those that expired within the last complete calendar year. The 1985 Edition of IAEA Safety Series No. 6, the ''Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material'' highlights the role of competent authorities in assuring regulatory compliance in their own countries. Package approval certificates are an important aspect of that function. This document aims to be a useful reference for competent authorities as well as for manufacturers and shippers of radioactive material. 6 tabs

  14. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 1996 edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the seventh annual report being published by the Secretariat of the International Atomic Energy Agency since implementing its database on package approval certificated (PACKTRAM) at the recommendation of the then Standing Advisory Group on the Sate Transport of Radioactive Material (SAGSTRAM). The functions of SAGSTRAM were taken over in 1996 by the Transport Safety Standards Advisory Committee (TRANSSAC). The reporting format was established at consecutive meetings of SAGSTRAM, whose membership consists of national competent authorities responsible for the transport of radioactive material from those Member States who have a nuclear industry and others who have shown a keen interest in the IAEA's transport safety programme. Through the PACKTRAM database, the Secretariat collects administrative and technical information on package approval certificates to assist national competent authorities in regulating radioactive material movements in their country. The database carries information on extant certificates and those that expired within the last complete calendar year. The 1985 Edition of IAEA Safety Series No. 6, the ''Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material'', highlights the role of competent authorities in assuring regulatory compliance in their own countries. Package approval certificates are an important aspect of that function. This document aims to be a useful reference for competent authorities as well as for manufacturers and shippers of radioactive material. 6 tabs

  15. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 1994 ed

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the fifth annual report being published by the Secretariat of the International Atomic Energy Agency since implementing its database on package approval certificates (PACKTRAM) at the recommendation of the Standing Advisory Group on the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (SAGSTRAM). The reporting format was established at consecutive meetings of SAGSTRAM, whose membership consists of national competent authorities responsible for the transport of radioactive material from those Member States who have a nuclear industry and others who have shown a keen interest in the IAEA's transport safety programme. Through the PACKTRAM database, the Secretariat collects administrative and technical information on package approval certificates to assist national competent authorities in regulating radioactive material movements in their country. The database carries information on extant certificates and those that expired within the last two complete calendar years. The 1985 Edition of IAEA Safety Series No. 6, the ''Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material'' highlights the role of competent authorities in assuring regulatory compliance in their own countries. Package approval certificates are an important aspect of that function. This document aims to be a useful reference for competent authorities as well as for manufacturers and shippers of radioactive material

  16. The PACKTRAM database on national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. User's guide for compiled system program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The PACKTRAM system program enables Member States to prepare data diskettes on national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material, for submission to the IAEA, and facilitates data manipulation and report preparation for the IAEA. The system program is provided as a 424 kbyte executable file, for which this document is the User Guide. The system is fully menu-driven and requires an IBM-compatible personal computer with a minimum of 640 kbyte random access memory, a hard drive and one 3-1/2 inch diskette drive. 3 refs, 6 tabs

  17. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 1998 edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The information contained in this report is given in six tables. Tables 1 to 4 present administrative data including issue and expiration dates, package identification, package serial numbers, modes for which the package/shipments approved and the edition of Safety Series No. 6 on which the approval has been based. The technical information on package mass, authorized contents, and detailed and general description of the package are contained in Table 5. Table 6 shows the certificates reported to the IAEA Secretariat by each participating Member State

  18. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 2000 edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Safety in the transport of radioactive material is dependent on packaging appropriate for the contents being shipped, rather than on operational and/or administrative actions required on the package. The grater the radiological risk posed by the material being moved, the more stringent become the performance for the packaging that can be authorised to contain it. These principles have been expanded since 1061 into a set of regulations that are responsible for safety moving the ever-growing number and complexity of radioactive material shipments throughout the world. The IAEA Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material are incorporated into UN regulations, as well as the requirements of other international transport organizations. This is the eleventh report published by the IAEA since implementing its database on package approval certificates (PACKTRAM) at the recommendation of the Transport safety Standards Advisory Committee (TRANSSAC). Through the PACKTRAM database, the IAEA collects administrative and technical information provided by the issuing competent authority about package approval certificates

  19. Directory of national competent authorities' approval certificates for package design, special form material and shipment of radioactive material. 1997 Edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the eighth annual report being published by the Secretariat of the International Atomic Energy Agency since implementing its database on package approval certificates (PACKTRAM) at the recommendation of the then Standing Advisory Group on the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (SAGSTRAM). The functions of SAGSTRAM were taken over in 1996 by the Transport Safety Standards Advisory Committee (TRANSSAC). The reporting format was established at consecutive meetings of SAGSTRAM, whose membership consisted of national competent authorities responsible for the transport of radioactive material from those Member States who have a nuclear industry and others who showed a keen interest in the IAEA's transport safety programme. TRANSSAC underscores the importance of data collecting activities and recommends the continued publication of this annual report. The 1985 Edition of Safety Series No. 6, the ''Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material'', highlights the role of competent authorities in assuring regulatory compliance in their own countries. The issuance of package approval certificates is an important aspects of that function. This document aims to be a useful reference for competent authorities as well as for manufacturers and shippers of radioactive material. 6 tabs

  20. Human Systems Integration: Unmanned Aircraft Control Station Certification Plan Guidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    This document provides guidance to the FAA on important human factors considerations that can be used to support the certification of a UAS Aircraft Control Station (ACS). This document provides a synopsis of the human factors analysis, design and test activities to be performed to provide a basis for FAA certification. The data from these analyses, design activities, and tests, along with data from certification/qualification tests of other key components should be used to establish the ACS certification basis. It is expected that this information will be useful to manufacturers in developing the ACS Certification Plan,, and in supporting the design of their ACS.

  1. No certificate, no chocolate

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2013-01-01

    Are you already ready to use “certificates” to log into CERN or to connect to the global “eduroam” wireless network? No, I am not talking about your birth certificate, medical certificates or academic certificates. I am referring to “certificates” used for authentication where you would usually use a password.   These digital certificates are a valid alternative to cumbersome passwords. Like the aforementioned personal certificates, a digital certificate is an official document that proves who you are or your qualifications. Your personal digital CERN certificate is tied to your digital identity at CERN. In that respect, a digital certificate is like a password. It is a credential that you must not share with anybody else! With your digital certificate, I can impersonate you and take over your mailbox, your web sessions and more… Digital certificates bind your digital identity to a public/private-key infrastructu...

  2. 36 CFR 67.8 - Certifications of statutes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... certification of the statute. A statute must contain criteria which will substantially achieve the purpose of... entities which, by law, are not under the jurisdiction of the review body. (b) When the certification of... certification of the statute. (c) State enabling legislation which authorizes local governments to designate,...

  3. An Analysis of the Swedish-Norwegian Electricity Certificate Market

    OpenAIRE

    Frogner, Jens Sveen; Hustveit, Magne

    2015-01-01

    This thesis explores tradable green certificate markets, a support scheme for investments in renewable electricity production. A case-study on the Swedish-Norwegian Electricity Certificate market is conducted. In this market producers investing in new renewable capacity receive certificates based on their actual production. These are sold to retailers of electricity, which are required to buy certificates for a proportion of their total sales. The design and potential success of this multista...

  4. Certification for sugarcane production processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Camila Ortolan F. de; Walter, Arnaldo

    2012-07-01

    This chapter concerns with the meaning of certification, sustainability of bioenergy, sustainability initiatives and certification schemes, certification tendencies in Brazil, and the challenge for fulfilling criteria.

  5. The system 80+ design for safety, economy, and reliability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ABB Combustion Engineering, Inc. and Duke Engineering and Service, Inc. have been developing the next generation of pressurized water reactor (PWR), the System 80+TM Standard Plant, for worldwide deployment since 1985. The complete 18-volume standard safety analysis report (CESSAR-DC) was officially docketed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in May 1991, answers to over 1,500 NRC questions were completed in early 1992, and the draft Safety Evaluation Report (SER) was issued in September 1992. Severe accident prevention and mitigation are the major focus of regulatory review for next generation designs. Severe accident design features, management guidelines, and a probabilistic safety assessment for both power and shutdown conditions, were refined and completed in 1992 to address new NRC requirements. System 80+ represents a major advancement in the technology of PWR safety. Accidents are far less probable -- the result of a balanced and integrated approach to nuclear plant design that considers both prevention and mitigation. (author)

  6. Radiation worker certification at Pantex Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Pantex Plant Radiation Worker Certification program is designed to educate users of radiation emitting equipment in the basic areas of radiation safety. Formal classroom instruction is supplemented with on-the-job training. Certification is granted upon the completion of written and oral proficiency examinations. In addition, the program has provisions for training and designating maintenance and repair personnel to work only on specific equipment

  7. Tradable white certificate schemes : what can we learn from tradable green certificate schemes?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oikonomou, Vlasis; Mundaca, Luis

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze the experiences gained from tradable green certificate (TGC) schemes and extract some policy lessons that can lead to a successful design of a market-based approach for energy efficiency improvement, alias tradable white certificate schemes. We use tradable green certificat

  8. An automated Certification Authority

    CERN Document Server

    Shamardin, L V

    2002-01-01

    This note describe an approach to building an automated Certification Authority. It is compatible with basic requirements of RFC2527. It also supports Registration Authorities and Globus Toolkit grid-cert-renew automatic certificate renewal.

  9. PULSE Pilot Certification Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Pape-Lindstrom

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The pilot certification process is an ambitious, nationwide endeavor designed to motivate important changes in life sciences education that are in line with the recommendations of the 2011 Vision and Change Report: A Call to Action (American Association for the Advancement of Science [AAAS], 2011.  It is the goal of the certification process to acknowledge departments that have progressed towards full implementation of the tenets of Vision and Change and to motivate departments that have not begun to adopt the recommendations to consider doing so.  More than 70 life science departments applied to be part of the pilot certification process, funded by a National Science Foundation grant, and eight were selected based on initial evidence of transformed and innovative educational practices.  The programs chosen represent a wide variety of schools, including two-year colleges, liberal-arts institutions, regional comprehensive colleges, research universities and minority serving institutions.  Outcomes from this pilot were released June 1, 2015 (www.pulsecommunity.org, with all eight programs being recognized as having progressed along a continuum of change.  Five levels of achievement were defined as PULSE Pilot Progression Levels.  Of the eight departments in the pilot, one achieved “PULSE Progression Level III: Accomplished”.  Six departments achieved “PULSE Progression Level II: Developing” and one pilot department achieved “PULSE Progression Level I: Beginning”.  All of the schools have made significant movement towards the recommendations of Vision and Change relative to a traditional life sciences curriculum.  Overall, the response from the eight pilot schools has been positive. 

  10. Barrier Certificates Revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Dai, Liyun; Gan, Ting; Xia, Bican; Zhan, Naijun

    2013-01-01

    A barrier certificate can separate the state space of a con- sidered hybrid system (HS) into safe and unsafe parts ac- cording to the safety property to be verified. Therefore this notion has been widely used in the verification of HSs. A stronger condition on barrier certificates means that less expressive barrier certificates can be synthesized. On the other hand, synthesizing more expressive barrier certificates often means high complexity. In [9], Kong et al consid- ered how to relax the ...

  11. 40 CFR 60.4113 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Coal-Fired Electric Steam Generating Units Hg Designated Representative for Hg Budget Sources § 60.4113 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a Hg designated representative or an alternate Hg designated representative shall include the following elements in a...

  12. A review of the DOE/ARSAP core melt progression program supporting design certification for advanced light water reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An important element of the safety approach for AP600 is in-vessel retention (IVR). System design features are provided which enable the reactor cavity to be flooded in the event of a core melt accident. The ARSAP is performing work demonstrating that core melt materials would be retained and cooled within the vessel by means of this cavity flooding, and that ex-vessel threats to the containment are thereby avoided. This paper address in-vessel melt progression analyses being performed by ARSAP which are providing input to IVR-related issues such as in-vessel steam explosion and melt stream impingement/vessel wall ablation (the issue of melt coolability in the vessel lower head, by virtue of external water cooling, is not sensitive to details of core melt progression and has been handled separately). This paper also reviews the in-vessel core melt progression database as well as results from the TMI-2 accident which are the foundation of the current analyses for AP600. (author). 15 refs

  13. Home Energy Professional Certifications (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2012-11-01

    As the weatherization and home energy upgrade industries expand and gain recognition, the need for a qualified workforce becomes more apparent. The certification component of the Guidelines project was designed to create meaningful and lasting careers for weatherization workers. Intended for experienced home energy professionals, the four new certifications focus on the most common jobs in the industry: energy auditor, retrofit installer technician, crew leader, and quality control inspector.

  14. IAHSS certification rollout: helping officers succeed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarvin-Peek, Kit

    2016-01-01

    After determining that security staff should obtain IAHSS certification on every level to help reduce the risk for mishandling of incidents and enhance the health system's reputation for being a "best practice" organization, security managers, working with Human Resources, developed a special training program designed to maximize the chances of an individual officer and supervisor attaining such certification. In this article, the author reviews this training program. PMID:26978951

  15. Maintenance of Certification for Radiation Oncology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance of Certification (MOC) recognizes that in addition to medical knowledge, several essential elements involved in delivering quality care must be developed and maintained throughout one's career. The MOC process is designed to facilitate and document professional development of American Board of Radiology (ABR) diplomates in the essential elements of quality care in Radiation Oncology and Radiologic Physics. ABR MOC has been developed in accord with guidelines of the American Board of Medical Specialties. All Radiation Oncology certificates issued since 1995 are 10-year, time-limited certificates; diplomates with time-limited certificates who wish to maintain specialty certification must complete specific requirements of the American Board of Radiology MOC program. Diplomates with lifelong certificates are not required to participate but are strongly encouraged to do so. Maintenance of Certification is based on documentation of participation in the four components of MOC: (1) professional standing, (2) lifelong learning and self-assessment, (3) cognitive expertise, and (4) performance in practice. Through these components, MOC addresses six competencies-medical knowledge, patient care, interpersonal and communication skills, professionalism, practice-based learning and improvement, and systems-based practice. Details of requirements for components 1, 2, and 3 of MOC are outlined along with aspects of the fourth component currently under development

  16. Applicant's guide related to applications for shipment approval and certificate of package design or radioactive materials for civil usage transported by public roads, by water or by railroad. Guide No. 7, Index 0, version of 07/04/2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This guide introduces the French Nuclear Safety Authority's (ASN) recommendations to applicants in order to facilitate the case investigation of applications for shipment approval and certificates related to the transport of radioactive materials. It also specifies the modalities for the submission of safety reports to the Authority and to the French Institute for Radiation protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN), the structure of the reports, the contents of the draft approval certificate, the minimum processing durations, the experience feedback from previous assessment and the provisions applicable in case of a package design or material change. This guide therefore applies to the package design or radioactive materials for which an ASN approval is required. It concerns the designs used for: - radioactive materials in a special form; - low dispersible radioactive materials; - packages containing 0.1 kg or more of uranium hexafluoride; - all packages containing fissile materials; - type B(U) packages and type B(M) packages; - type C packages. This guide also applies to shipments of radioactive materials and to features added to the package design for which an ASN approval is required by the regulations for the safe transport of dangerous goods

  17. Energy saving certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French ministry of economy, finances and industry and the French agency of environment and energy mastery (Ademe) have organized on November 8, 2005, a colloquium for the presentation of the energy saving certificates, a new tool to oblige the energy suppliers to encourage their clients to make energy savings. This document gathers the transparencies presented at this colloquium about the following topics: state-of-the-art and presentation of the energy saving certificates system: presentation of the EEC system, presentation of the EEC standard operations; the energy saving certificates in Europe today: energy efficiency commitment in UK, Italian white certificate scheme, perspectives of the different European systems. (J.S.)

  18. Producer-level benefits of sustainability certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackman, Allen; Rivera, Jorge

    2011-12-01

    Initiatives certifying that producers of goods and services adhere to defined environmental and social-welfare production standards are increasingly popular. According to proponents, these initiatives create financial incentives for producers to improve their environmental, social, and economic performance. We reviewed the evidence on whether these initiatives have such benefits. We identified peer-reviewed, ex post, producer-level studies in economic sectors in which certification is particularly prevalent (bananas, coffee, fish products, forest products, and tourism operations), classified these studies on the basis of whether their design and methods likely generated credible results, summarized findings from the studies with credible results, and considered how these findings might guide future research. We found 46 relevant studies, most of which focused on coffee and forest products and examined fair-trade and Forest Stewardship Council certification. The methods used in 11 studies likely generated credible results. Of these 11 studies, nine examined the economic effects and two the environmental effects of certification. The results of four of the 11 studies, all of which examined economic effects, showed that certification has producer-level benefits. Hence, the evidence to support the hypothesis that certification benefits the environment or producers is limited. More evidence could be generated by incorporating rigorous, independent evaluation into the design and implementation of projects promoting certification. PMID:22070273

  19. Asthma mortality and death certification in Northern Ireland.

    OpenAIRE

    Wright, S. C.; Evans, A. E.; Sinnamon, D. G.; MacMahon, J.

    1994-01-01

    BACKGROUND--Asthma mortality has been rising in many western countries for largely unknown reasons. One cause could be change in certification practice. This study was designed to investigate the accuracy of death certification in Northern Ireland for the years 1981-4 and, in addition, to assess the reliability of trends observed in asthma death registration from 1957 to 1985. METHODS--The following death certificates were obtained for the years 1981-4: those mentioning asthma (all age groups...

  20. Death certification after a diagnosis of presenile dementia.

    OpenAIRE

    Newens, A J; Forster, D P; Kay, D W

    1993-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVES--To assess the value of death certification for the epidemiological study of dementia, the frequency with which the condition was recorded on death certificates of patients diagnosed with some form of dementia before the age of 65 years was studied. A further objective was to identify variables associated with failure to record dementia on the certificate. DESIGN--A cohort of patients with presenile dementia, differentiated by a clinical algorithm applied to hospital case rec...

  1. Certification for Information Brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawyer, Deborah C.

    1995-01-01

    The future of the information broker business depends on certification. Some obstacles are lack of commonality, control, a professional title, and time. Core competencies (ethics, professional conduct, and client care) and specialties could determine certification criteria, and a grace period for phasing in established brokers could be initiated.…

  2. PEM public key certificate cache server

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, T.

    1993-12-01

    Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) provides privacy enhancement services to users of Internet electronic mail. Confidentiality, authentication, message integrity, and non-repudiation of origin are provided by applying cryptographic measures to messages transferred between end systems by the Message Transfer System. PEM supports both symmetric and asymmetric key distribution. However, the prevalent implementation uses a public key certificate-based strategy, modeled after the X.509 directory authentication framework. This scheme provides an infrastructure compatible with X.509. According to RFC 1422, public key certificates can be stored in directory servers, transmitted via non-secure message exchanges, or distributed via other means. Directory services provide a specialized distributed database for OSI applications. The directory contains information about objects and then provides structured mechanisms for accessing that information. Since directory services are not widely available now, a good approach is to manage certificates in a centralized certificate server. This document describes the detailed design of a centralized certificate cache serve. This server manages a cache of certificates and a cache of Certificate Revocation Lists (CRL's) for PEM applications. PEMapplications contact the server to obtain/store certificates and CRL's. The server software is programmed in C and ELROS. To use this server, ISODE has to be configured and installed properly. The ISODE library 'libisode.a' has to be linked together with this library because ELROS uses the transport layer functions provided by 'libisode.a.' The X.500 DAP library that is included with the ELROS distribution has to be linked in also, since the server uses the DAP library functions to communicate with directory servers.

  3. Tradable green certificates in Flanders (Belgium)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper provides details on green certificate systems in Belgium. The Flemish region has established a system and the Walloon region is preparing a slightly different one. The lack of uniformity and consequently of transparency in one country emphasises the need for more EU leadership in the field. The main part of the article analyses the established Flemish system. Green certificates are complementary to other instruments that promote renewable electricity, e.g. direct subventions on the feed-in price of green electricity or direct subventions on capital investments. Certificates execute a forcing effect on the actual development of green power if the imposed shares of green power in total sales are significant and if the fine level is at the height to enforce the quota. If the fine is too low the incentive effect turns into a financing tax effect. When the green certificate system does the job it is designed for, i.e. operating at the edge of the RES-E development and organise the transition from a non-sustainable to a sustainable power system, certificate prices will be high and reduce end-use consumption of electricity. A segmentation of the RES-E sector along the various RES-E technologies is a necessity to keep any certificate system affordable, effective and efficient. One can segment the tradable certificate market or one can assign a different number of certificates to a different RES-E technology project. Both solutions require an intensive follow-up of cost structures and of other policy measures (subventions), but given the infant state of understanding and experience segmenting markets may be best in the nearby years. (Author)

  4. Building Intercultural Competence through Intercultural Competency Certification of Undergraduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janeiro, Maria G. Fabregas; Fabre, Ricardo Lopez; Nuno de la Parra, Jose Pablo

    2014-01-01

    The Intercultural Competency Certificate (CCI in Spanish) designed for the Universidad Popular Autonoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP University) is a theory based comprehensive plan to develop undergraduate students' intercultural competence. This Certificate is based in the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) developed by…

  5. Developing an Online Certification Program for Nutrition Education Assistants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christofferson, Debra; Christensen, Nedra; LeBlanc, Heidi; Bunch, Megan

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To develop an online certification program for nutrition education paraprofessionals to increase knowledge and confidence and to overcome training barriers of programming time and travel expenses. Design: An online interactive certification course based on Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education and Expanded Food and…

  6. WASTE CERTIFICATION PROGRAM PLAN - REVISION 7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The primary changes that have been made to this revision reflect the relocation of the Waste Certification Official (WCO) organizationally from the Quality Services Division (QSD) into the Laboratory Waste Services (LWS) Organization. Additionally, the responsibilities for program oversight have been differentiated between the QSD and LWS. The intent of this effort is to ensure that those oversight functions, which properly belonged to the WCO, moved with that function; but retain an independent oversight function outside of the LWS Organization ensuring the potential for introduction of organizational bias, regarding programmatic and technical issues, is minimized. The Waste Certification Program (WCP) itself has been modified to allow the waste certification function to be performed by any of the personnel within the LWS Waste Acceptance/Certification functional area. However, a single individual may not perform both the technical waste acceptance review and the final certification review on the same 2109 data package. Those reviews must be performed by separate individuals in a peer review process. There will continue to be a designated WCO who will have lead programmatic responsibility for the WCP and will exercise overall program operational oversite as well as determine the overall requirements of the certification program. The quality assurance organization will perform independent, outside oversight to ensure that any organizational bias does not degrade the integrity of the waste certification process. The core elements of the previous WCP have been retained, however, the terms and process structure have been modified.. There are now two ''control points,'' (1) the data package enters the waste certification process with the signature of the Generator Interface/Generator Interface Equivalent (GI/GIE), (2) the package is ''certified'', thus exiting the process. The WCP contains three steps, (1) the technical review for waste acceptance, (2) a review of the

  7. Converse Barrier Certificate Theorem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wisniewski, Rafael; Sloth, Christoffer

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a converse barrier certificate theorem for a generic dynamical system.We show that a barrier certificate exists for any safe dynamical system defined on a compact manifold. Other authors have developed a related result, by assuming that the dynamical system has no singular...... points in the considered subset of the state space. In this paper, we redefine the standard notion of safety to comply with generic dynamical systems with multiple singularities. Afterwards, we prove the converse barrier certificate theorem and illustrate the differences between ours and previous work by...

  8. Employment certificates on HRT

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    As part of the ongoing drive to simplify and streamline administrative procedures and processes, the IT and HR Departments have made employment certificates available on a self-service basis on the HRT application, in the main menu under "My self services". All members of the personnel can thus obtain a certificate of employment or association, in French or in English, for the present or past contractual period. The HR Department’s Records Office remains responsible for issuing any special certificates that might be required. IT-AIS (Administrative Information Services) HR-SPS (Services, Procedures & Social) Records Office – Tel. 73700

  9. The Benefits of Pursuing National Board Certification for Physical Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudreault, Karen Lux; Woods, Amelia M.

    2012-01-01

    National Board Certification (NBC) is a voluntary advanced certification process designed to recognize effective and accomplished teachers who meet high standards related to what they are able to achieve with students in the classroom. Research has indicated that physical education teachers who have gained this certification are more reflective,…

  10. Training standards improve reliability, create capacity, and improve the availability of financing: Global training accreditation and certification for PV systems design, installation, and maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Funding organizations and government agencies are very interested in accelerating the market development of sustainable energy technologies, but they often find that there is not an adequate infrastructure in place to successfully market, install, and provide service. Accredited training for certifying practitioners is seen as a necessary component for the mitigation of technical and financial risks. In addition, the certification of qualified practitioners will create local capacity through skilled jobs and expanded economic opportunities; and, by extension, it will improve the success rate of installed systems, thus expanding the potential market for the industry's products and services. Since 1995, the Institute for Sustainable Power, Inc. (ISP), has been working to develop a consensus among industry, the training community, and financial, investment, and development organizations, on the importance of a qualified, standardized training and certification infrastructure. Today, the ISP is working with the World Bank and other international development and lending institutions to formalize these consensus quality and competency standards in countries where they have active programs. Already, pilot programs are underway in the US (in California and Florida) and South Africa, with additional state and country programs planned for 1999

  11. Digital signature and certification authorities

    OpenAIRE

    Prouza, Marek

    2013-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deal with Public Key Infrastructure issue, certificates and certification authorities. At the beginning there is included chapter about cryptography for better understanding including historical evolution of ciphers and analysis of three important ciphers. In the next chapter are discussed possibilities and principles of certification authorities, certificates and x509 standard. Following chapter discuss practical use of certificates in business, MS Office aplications and...

  12. Indirect Air Carrier Certification

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Required information is entered in order to obtain an IAC certification and do business as an IAC. Information is verified through site inspections and inspections...

  13. Wind power certificate marketing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wind Power Certificate marketing is a green power development program in Canada. The Pembina Institute partnered with Vision Quest Windelectric in October 2003 to sell Wind Power Certificates to individuals and businesses. Individuals who buy Wind Power Certificates directly support the development of wind energy in Canada and support one of Pembina's main areas of work, the development of sustainable energy. This presentation outlined both the successes and challenges of marketing the certificates. Wind Power Certificates represent the benefits that wind power generation provides, such as zero emissions of greenhouse gases and regional air pollutants; minimal impacts on the biosphere; and, offsetting life-cycle impacts of other energy sources such as fossil fuels. They also represent quality assurance on new wind power commissioned after April 2001. In the price structure of Pembina's Wind Power Certificate, a premium of 2.7 cents per kWh is charged above the regular electricity price. The premium is lowered slightly for purchases of 200 MWh or more. Pembina also began a secondary campaign in July 2004 to have 20,000 computers powered by wind across Canada. This PC campaign offers the general public an option to support wind power development in a way that is easy to understand. In the PC campaign, a consumer is asked to pay $16 per 3 years for a laptop computer or $32 per 3 years for an average desktop computer. Vision Quest has received a Market Incentive Program grant through Natural Resources Canada to help market Pembina's wind power programs. Although the programs are too new to provide important statistical information, some small successes have been reported to date including 1950 MWh of Wind Power Certificates that have been purchased, representing a reduction of about 1730 tonnes of carbon dioxide. One of the challenges facing the Wind Power Certificate program is that some companies feel they already pay too much for electricity and the premium cost of

  14. Certification of Pork Products

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, Tomas K.H.; Foster, Kenneth A.

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to provide insights on the welfare distributional impact on consumer and producer welfare resulting from the development and implementation of a credence certification program in the U.S. pork sector. The certification program can provide various levels of tracking and tracing in the marketing chain. The modeling framework follows that of Nilsson (2005), which encompasses product differentiation and substitution across meat products at the consumer level and acr...

  15. 78 FR 18535 - Respirator Certification Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES 42 CFR Part 84 RIN 0920-AA42 Respirator Certification Fees AGENCY: Centers for Disease... and Human Services (HHS) proposes to revise the fee structure currently used by the National Institute... number). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This proposed rule is designed to establish fees for the...

  16. 28 CFR 22.23 - Privacy certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Privacy certification. 22.23 Section 22.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND... been agreed upon for future maintenance of such data. (7) Project plans will be designed to...

  17. CERVANTES - A certificate validation test-bed

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz Tapia, José Luis; Forné Muñoz, Jorge; Esparza Martín, Óscar; Soriano Ibáñez, Miguel

    2004-01-01

    Certificate validation is one of the toughest scalability problems of the PKI. The goal of this paper is to introduce a Java platform for certificate revocation called CERVANTES. CERVANTES pretends to be an easy to extend tool that allows researchers to develop and test their own “real” revocation systems. As CERVANTES is an open source project it can also be included as part of any open PKI project. The platform is very flexible and due to its modular design it allows for example, to fit a n...

  18. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS CERTIFICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aniko Miler-Virc

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ISO 14001 prescribes the requirements for a system, not environmental performance itself. Similarly, certification is of the management system itself, not environmental performance. An audit is not conducted to ascertain whether your flue gas emissions are less than X part per million nitrous oxide or that your wastewater effluent contains less that Y milligrams of bacteria per litre. Consequently, the procces of auditing the system for compliance to the standard entails checking to see that all of the necessary components of a functioning system are present and working properly.           A company can have a complete and fully functional EMS as prescribed by ISO 14001 without being certified. As certification can add to the time and expense of EMS development, it is important for you to establish, in advance, whether certification is of net benefit to you. Although most companies that develop an EMS do in fact certify, there are cases where certification does not add immediate value. Certification is not always beneficial to small and medium sized companies. Certification is not always necessary for companies with one or two large clients with environmental demands who are satisfied that you have a functional EMS (second-party declaration. Whatever decision you make, it is important to remember that just as a driver′s licence does not automatically make you a good driver, ISO 14001 certification does not automatically make your company environmentally benign or ensure that you will continually improve environmental performance. The system is only as good as the people who operate it.

  19. Facility certification program for coal miners pneumoconiosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Public Law 91-173, often referred to as the Black Lung Law, called for a chest radiograph of all active coal miners at stated intervals. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health was responsible for carrying out the provisions of the law. Among other requirements was a provision for certification of radiological facilities where radiological examinations would be provide. A test object to be radiographed by each such facility was designed and sent to those facilities applying for certification. To date, 284 facilities have applied for certification of which 215 have been approved. A record has been kept of the number of times any approved facility submitted radiographs before approval. A complete listing of the types of equipment used, personnel qualifications and other pertinent data will be reported

  20. Rehabilitation Counselor Certification: Moving Forward

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Jodi L.; Barros-Bailey, Mary; Chapman, Cindy; Nunez, Patricia

    2009-01-01

    This article provides a brief history of the Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification and presents recent changes and strategic goals for moving forward. Challenges and opportunities for the profession in relation to certification are also discussed. (Contains 3 tables.)

  1. Certification et equivalence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colardyn, Danielle

    1992-11-01

    The new economic and social equilibrium which is gradually coming about in Europe has significant consequences in terms of mobility, recognition of qualifications and certification. Specifically in the educational arena, questions are raised as to the social and vocational value of certificates, and the recognition of vocational skills. These skills are part of the wealth of the particular countries in the Community, and of each of the individuals who are now confronted by the enlarged economic and social space, in its varying forms. In this European context, what is examined here is more particularly the French situation, from the point of view of the evolution of the notion of certification and recognition of skills, and of policies both of qualification, and of initial and continuing training of the work force.

  2. Soy production and certification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tomei, Julia; Semino, Stella Maris; Paul, Helena;

    2010-01-01

    With the rising emphasis on biofuels as a potential solution to climate change, this paper asks whether certification schemes, developed to promote sustainable feedstock production, are able to deliver genuine sustainability benefits. The Round Table on Responsible Soy (RTRS) is a certification...... scheme that aims to promote responsible soy production through the development of principles and criteria. However, can and does this initiative address the negative impacts associated with the intensive production of soy? Taking the example of soy biodiesel produced in Argentina, this paper asks whether...... the social and environmental impacts of soybean production can be mitigated by the RTRS. It concludes that at present certification schemes are unlikely to be able to address either the institutional challenges associated with their implementation or the detrimental impacts of the additional demand...

  3. Board Certification in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, Susan L.; Lichtenberg, James W.; Pollard, Jeffrey W.

    2012-01-01

    Although specialty board certification by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) has been a valued standard for decades, the vast majority of counseling psychologists do not pursue board certification in the specialty. The present article provides a brief history of board certification in general and some historical information about…

  4. Pharmacist specialty certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durfee, Sharon M

    2012-03-01

    Nutrition support is a pharmacy specialty in which pharmacists work with prescribers, conduct order review, and either perform or oversee compounding of these complex parenteral nutrition formulations. Pharmacists should be certified in this specialty, and the options for certification are outlined in this article. PMID:22275326

  5. European Cogeneration Certificate Trading ECoCerT. Demand creation and scheme interactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Once the definition of the CHP (combined heat and power generation) certificate is clear, demand for it can be organised in several ways. A well-designed system of mandatory demand, by means of an obligation to acquire a certain amount of CHP certificates each year, is effective to meet the policy target. The voluntary willingness to pay for CHP certificates is likely to be small, resulting in a very thin market. Finally, instead of creating a demand solely targeted at the CHP certificates, demand could also result from interacting policy schemes such as emissions trading. Assuming that a CHP certificate scheme is going to be introduced, we would recommend to issue standard CHP certificates based on additional ('fuel-free') kWh output (substitution approach with standard certificates) and create demand by means of an incentive on electricity supply companies to purchase CHP certificates. The incentive could either be quantitative (an obligation) or a price incentive (fiscal or feed-in tariff). Policy goals with respect to CHP justify a support scheme that is specifically designed for CHP. Integration into other tradable schemes would underestimate the value of CHP. A standard CHP certificate scheme is also compatible with renewable certificates and does not interfere with a guarantee of origin. When introducing CHP certificates, international harmonisation is highly recommended in order to prevent undesirable and complex conversion issues

  6. The design, manufacture and testing of a new generation of ISO freight container for certification as an IP-2 package in compliance with the IAEA Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material -1985 edition (as amended 1990)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solid low level radioactive waste (LLW) which arises at nuclear power stations and other nuclear facilities in the UK, is routinely transported to British Nuclear Fuels site at Drigg in Cumbria for disposal. A requirement was identified for the use of an ISO freight container of the full-height design, to transport drummed LLW to the site of a supercompaction facility prior to disposal at Drigg. This was initially accomplished using refurbished containers incorporating a number of enhanced features. It was recognised that the use of a refurbished container was only an interim measure and as a result of significant changes in the acceptance criteria for disposal, the increased use of high force compaction techniques and the proposed amendments to the IAEA Transport Regulations, Nuclear Electric embarked upon the development of a new generation of ISO freight container. The new design of container, Design No. 2044, incorporates a readily decontaminable stainless steel interior, a comprehensive load restraint system designed for the transport of single and multiple packages, and is lined with a polyurethane foam between the inner and outer skins. It is designed to transport 70 off, 200 litre drums of LLW (stacked in two layers) and other payloads of size not greater than 4 m long x 2 m wide and 20 tonnes in weight. The container was subjected to a range of tests to prove compliance with the ISO standard and the IAEA Transport Regulations. Following the preparation of the required documentation, in particular a Safety Case and comprehensive Operating and Maintenance Instructions, a Certificate of Regulatory Compliance was issued by the appropriate authority certifying the container as an Industrial Package Type 2 (IP-2) suitable for the transport of drummed LLW and other materials within LSA-II/SCO-II limits. (Author)

  7. The Effectiveness of Texas Teacher Certification Programs as Evidenced through Pass Rates on TExES PPR 160 Exam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clouse, Scarlet

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between alternative certification pathways, specifically those offered through a university-based, post baccalaureate certification program and a regional education service center certification program. A quantitative research design was implemented and archived scores on the TExES PPR…

  8. DB2 9 for Linux, UNIX, and Windows Advanced Database Administration Certification Certification Study Guide

    CERN Document Server

    Sanders, Roger E

    2008-01-01

    Database administrators versed in DB2 wanting to learn more about advanced database administration activities and students wishing to gain knowledge to help them pass the DB2 9 UDB Advanced DBA certification exam will find this exhaustive reference invaluable. Written by two individuals who were part of the team that developed the certification exam, this comprehensive study guide prepares the student for challenging questions on database design; data partitioning and clustering; high availability diagnostics; performance and scalability; security and encryption; connectivity and networking; a

  9. Developing an online certification program for nutrition education assistants

    OpenAIRE

    Christofferson, D.; Christensen, N.; LeBlanc, Heidi; Bunch, M.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To develop an online certification program for nutrition education paraprofessionals to increase knowledge and confidence and to overcome training barriers of programming time and travel expenses. Design: An online interactive certification course based on Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education and Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program core competencies was delivered to employees of both programs. Traditional vs online training was compared. Course content vali...

  10. Certification of passive houses: a Western European overview

    OpenAIRE

    Mlecnik, E.; Kaan, H.; Hodgson, G.

    2008-01-01

    According to the popular definition, passive houses have to reach a target energy demand for heating less than 15 kWh per square meter and per year. This criterion is used as a basis for quality assurance procedures and certification of passive house projects. This paper identifies the experiences in several western European countries concerning passive house certification, and hence the control of quality of the design process, the construction process, and the post construction inspection a...

  11. Certification/enforcement analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-06-01

    Industry compliance with minimum energy efficiency standards will be assured through a two-part program approach of certification and enforcement activities. The technical support document (TSD) presents the analyses upon which the proposed rule for assuring that consumer product comply with applicable energy efficiency standards is based. Much of the TSD is based upon support provided DOE by Vitro Laboratories. The OAO Corporation provided additional support in the development of the sampling plan incorporated in the proposed rule. Vitro's recommended approach to appliance certification and enforcement, developed after consideration of various program options, benefits, and impacts, establishes the C/E program framework, general criteria, and procedures for assuring a specified level of energy efficiency performance of covered consumer products. The results of the OAO analysis are given in Volume II of the TSD.

  12. U.S. licensing process and ABWR certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of the US ALWR Program to revitalize the nuclear option through the integration of government/utility/industry efforts, GE undertook the role of applying for certification for its latest product line, the advanced boiling water reactor (ABWR), under the US ABWR certification program. The ABWR utilizes proven BWR technology. Two units are under construction in Japan. The ABWR design is an essentially complete plant. Initial application for certification was in 1987 under Part 50. GE reapplied in late 1991 under the newly promulgated Part 52. Following 7 years of intensive interactions with the NRC and ACRS, GE was awarded the first FDA under Part 52. The commission initiated rulemaking by publishing the proposed ABWR Certification Rule in the Federal Register in early 1995. Certification is anticipated mid-1996. In addition to applying for ABWR certification, GE undertook the ABWR First-of-a-Kind (FOAKE) contract in June 1993 to perform a detailed design of the ABWR for application in the US. The purpose of this program is to develop the ABWR design to the point where a reliable construction cost estimate can be made

  13. On the Detection of Fake Certificates via Attribute Correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaojing Gu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Transport Layer Security (TLS and its predecessor, SSL, are important cryptographic protocol suites on the Internet. They both implement public key certificates and rely on a group of trusted certificate authorities (i.e., CAs for peer authentication. Unfortunately, the most recent research reveals that, if any one of the pre-trusted CAs is compromised, fake certificates can be issued to intercept the corresponding SSL/TLS connections. This security vulnerability leads to catastrophic impacts on SSL/TLS-based HTTPS, which is the underlying protocol to provide secure web services for e-commerce, e-mails, etc. To address this problem, we design an attribute dependency-based detection mechanism, called SSLight. SSLight can expose fake certificates by checking whether the certificates contain some attribute dependencies rarely occurring in legitimate samples. We conduct extensive experiments to evaluate SSLight and successfully confirm that SSLight can detect the vast majority of fake certificates issued from any trusted CAs if they are compromised. As a real-world example, we also implement SSLight as a Firefox add-on and examine its capability of exposing existent fake certificates from DigiNotar and Comodo, both of which have made a giant impact around the world.

  14. 9 CFR 151.4 - Pedigree certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pedigree certificate. 151.4 Section... Purebred Animals § 151.4 Pedigree certificate. A pedigree certificate for an animal of a breed listed in... English in the pedigree certificate for the animal or in a separate certificate appended to the...

  15. 46 CFR 107.258 - Crane certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Crane certification. 107.258 Section 107.258 Shipping... CERTIFICATION Inspection and Certification § 107.258 Crane certification. (a) The Coast Guard may accept current certificates issued by approved organizations as evidence of condition and suitability of cranes. The...

  16. 10 CFR 501.61 - Certification contents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... unit is expected to be placed in service. (9) Certification by an officer of the company or his... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification contents. 501.61 Section 501.61 Energy... Certifications § 501.61 Certification contents. (a) A self-certification filed under section 201(d) of FUA...

  17. "Comprehensive" energy certificate

    OpenAIRE

    Kolenac, Marko

    2013-01-01

    The thesis discusses calculated and measured energy certificates of a building, which were calculated and measured for the building of the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy in Ljubljana - the FGG building. The necessary calculations of the energy provided for functioning of the building were performed in accordance with the methodology specified in the applicable legal basis. The thesis provides measures for improving the thermal envelope of the building and presents an example of moni...

  18. Understanding Certificate Revocation

    OpenAIRE

    Hagström, Åsa

    2006-01-01

    Correct certificate revocation practices are essential to each public-key infrastructure. While there exist a number of protocols to achieve revocation in PKI systems, there has been very little work on the theory behind it: Which different types of revocation can be identified? What is the intended effect of a specific revocation type to the knowledge base of each entity? As a first step towards a methodology for the development of reliable models, we present a graph-based formalism for spec...

  19. Using Frankencerts for Automated Adversarial Testing of Certificate Validation in SSL/TLS Implementations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brubaker, Chad; Jana, Suman; Ray, Baishakhi; Khurshid, Sarfraz; Shmatikov, Vitaly

    2014-01-01

    Modern network security rests on the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocols. Distributed systems, mobile and desktop applications, embedded devices, and all of secure Web rely on SSL/TLS for protection against network attacks. This protection critically depends on whether SSL/TLS clients correctly validate X.509 certificates presented by servers during the SSL/TLS handshake protocol. We design, implement, and apply the first methodology for large-scale testing of certificate validation logic in SSL/TLS implementations. Our first ingredient is "frankencerts," synthetic certificates that are randomly mutated from parts of real certificates and thus include unusual combinations of extensions and constraints. Our second ingredient is differential testing: if one SSL/TLS implementation accepts a certificate while another rejects the same certificate, we use the discrepancy as an oracle for finding flaws in individual implementations. Differential testing with frankencerts uncovered 208 discrepancies between popular SSL/TLS implementations such as OpenSSL, NSS, CyaSSL, GnuTLS, PolarSSL, MatrixSSL, etc. Many of them are caused by serious security vulnerabilities. For example, any server with a valid X.509 version 1 certificate can act as a rogue certificate authority and issue fake certificates for any domain, enabling man-in-the-middle attacks against MatrixSSL and GnuTLS. Several implementations also accept certificate authorities created by unauthorized issuers, as well as certificates not intended for server authentication. We also found serious vulnerabilities in how users are warned about certificate validation errors. When presented with an expired, self-signed certificate, NSS, Safari, and Chrome (on Linux) report that the certificate has expired-a low-risk, often ignored error-but not that the connection is insecure against a man-in-the-middle attack. These results demonstrate that automated adversarial testing with frankencerts

  20. Methodology for forecasting in the Swedish–Norwegian market for el-certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper we describe a novel methodology for forecasting in the Swedish–Norwegian el-certificate market, which is a variant of a tradable green certificate scheme. For the forecasting, the el-certificate market is integrated in the electricity-market model EMPS, which has weekly to hourly time-step length, whereas the planning horizon can be several years. Strategies for the certificate inventory are calculated by stochastic dynamic programming, whereas penalty-rates for non-compliance during the annual settlement of certificates are determined endogenously. In the paper the methodology is described, and we show the performance of the model under different cases that can occur in the el-certificate market. The general results correspond to theoretical findings in previous studies for tradable green certificate markets, in particular that price-scenarios spread out in such a way that the unconditional expected value of certificates is relatively stable throughout the planning period. In addition the presented methodologies allows to assess the actual dynamics of the certificate price due to climatic uncertainty. Finally, special cases are indentified where the certificate price becomes excessively high respectively zero, due the design-specific dynamics of the penalty rate. - Highlights: • A method for forecasting in the Swedish–Norwegian el-certificate market is proposed. • The developed model integrates the el-certificate and the power market. • Banking of certificates and the endogenously calculated penalty rate are included. • The certificate value is calculated using Stochastic-Dynamic-Programming. • Price dynamics due to climatic weather uncertainties are assessed and illustrated

  1. Geographical variation in certification rates of blindness and sight impairment in England, 2008–2009

    OpenAIRE

    Malik, Aeesha N J; Bunce, Catey; Wormald, Richard; Suleman, Mehrunisha; Stratton, Irene; Gray, J A Muir

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To examine and interpret the variation in the incidence of blindness and sight impairment in England by PCT, as reported by the Certificate of Vision Impairment (CVI). Design Analysis of national certification data. Setting All Primary Care Trusts, England. Participants 23 773 CVI certifications issued from 2008 to 2009. Main Outcome measures Crude and Age standardised rates of CVI data for blindness and sight loss by PCT. Methods The crude and age standardised CVI rates per 100 00...

  2. Stormwater Design for U.S.LEED Green Building Certification%美国绿色建筑认证LEED雨水设计计算探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘国庆; 姜海元; 刘春华; 李育松

    2013-01-01

    U. S. LEED has different rating systems for different buildings. The LEED rating system for new construction, reconstruction and extension projects is suitable for office buildings, high-rise residential buildings and so on. This rating system required to control total stormwater discharge, flow rate and pollutants in runoff. Stormwater design methods in China and U. S. were analyzed. U. S. Storm Water Management Model ( SWMM ) was considered as an applicable design method. A multi-floor research and office building located at Haidian District, Beijing was designed according to LEED standard. Before the development, the project site was cropland. The project used pervious paving and vegetated roofs to minimize runoff quantity, and pond to collect rainwater for reuse and control runoff peak discharge rate and pollution. SWMM was used to predict total stormwater discharge and flow rate. Advice and issues needing attention were given for LEED project.%美国绿色建筑认证LEED对不同建筑有不同的评价体系,其中针对新建、扩建和改建项目的LEED标准适用于办公楼、高层住宅楼等建筑的设计.该评价体系要求雨水设计中控制项目用地雨水的排放总量、流量以及雨水径流中污染物的排放量.通过我国和美国雨水设计计算方法的比较分析,认为SWMM模型更适用于雨水相关计算.位于北京市海淀区的某多层科研办公楼项目按LEED要求进行设计,建设前用地为耕地,项目中采取各种透水铺装以及屋顶绿化等方式减少径流总量,设置雨水塘收集利用雨水、调节径流峰流量以减少污染物排放,并利用SWMM软件进行雨水总量、流量的预测.最后对LEED的应用提出一些建议和需要注意的问题.

  3. Certification of solar products - The Florida experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    POST,HAROLD N.; ROLAND,JAMES D.; VENTRE,GERARD G.; HUGGINS,JAMES C.

    2000-02-02

    Florida legislation enacted in 1976 directed the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) to develop standards for solar energy systems manufactured or sold in the state, establish criteria for testing the performance of solar energy systems, and provide a means to display compliance with approved performance tests for these systems. This mandate has been effectively implemented for both solar domestic water heating and solar pool heating systems. With growing interest and markets for photovoltaic systems, plans are presently being developed to expand the scope of the mandate to include photovoltaic technology. This paper discusses four complementary facets of a photovoltaic (PV) system certification program. They include PV module performance characterization and rating; PV system design review and approval; examination and authorization of photovoltaic system installers; and inspection and acceptance testing of PV system installation. The suggested photovoltaic system process builds on lessons learned from over 20 years of testing, certifying and labeling of solar thermal collectors, and the certification of solar thermal systems.

  4. Certification of solar products - The Florida experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Florida legislation enacted in 1976 directed the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) to develop standards for solar energy systems manufactured or sold in the state, establish criteria for testing the performance of solar energy systems, and provide a means to display compliance with approved performance tests for these systems. This mandate has been effectively implemented for both solar domestic water heating and solar pool heating systems. With growing interest and markets for photovoltaic systems, plans are presently being developed to expand the scope of the mandate to include photovoltaic technology. This paper discusses four complementary facets of a photovoltaic (PV) system certification program. They include PV module performance characterization and rating; PV system design review and approval; examination and authorization of photovoltaic system installers; and inspection and acceptance testing of PV system installation. The suggested photovoltaic system process builds on lessons learned from over 20 years of testing, certifying and labeling of solar thermal collectors, and the certification of solar thermal systems

  5. Paper Lives: Certification vs. Licensure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaye YILMAZ

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Since the mid-1990s certification has increasingly been considered as a tool to increase the chance to find job particularly by youngsters. However under the circumstances that exist today it is known that having certificates does not automatically lead to get job, even contrary job seekers may remain jobless after they pay huge amounts of money to certfication firms. The very fast increase in the number of certfying firms confirms the fact that there is an ongoing demand for short term qualification courses. Another process which accompanies to private certification is that the loosing ground in public education that despite corporations still care about diplomas in hiring they reject job applications in the case of absence of certificates. In this study certification as a popular phenomenon has been compared with licensure in the context of waged engineers and their chambers. As a consequence of the analyses made for this study, it may be concluded that there is a capital accumulation which is carried out via two layers of working classes: masses who are obliged to be certified and waged laborers who work in certification industry in order to improve skills of those who are in need to be certified. During reviewing of literature it has also been witnessed that the academic writings focusing on the numbers, wages and working conditions of trainers hired by certification firms is virtually non exist. Therefore study suggests further researches especially on waged trainers working in private certification firms.

  6. Personnel training and certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to make the full benefits of neutron radiography available in the nondestructive test (NDT) field, it has been necessary to formalize its application. A group under the Penetrating Radiation Committee of the American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT) was organized to prepare a recommended practice for neutron radiography. The recommended practices require the establishment of an appropriate certification program. The requirements on the employer to establish and maintain a qualification and certification program are outlined. To conduct a program of nondestructive testing using neutron radiography requires the usual three levels of qualified and certified personnel. The program is administered by a Level III person. Routine exposure, reviews, and reporting of test results are the responsibilities of Level I and Level II personnal. The amount of training and nature of the required practical examination are also specified. The recommended practices document assures users that NDT work in the field of neutron radiography is performed by qualified personnel. Although no training courses are available to provide experience in the depth required by the recommended practices document, SNT-TC-1A, short courses are provided at a number of locations to familarize user's representatives with the interpretation of neutron radiographs and capabilities and limitations of the technique

  7. 基于IP地址进行用户验证的设计与实现%The Design and Implementation of an Identity Certification Module Based on IP Address

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张薇

    2011-01-01

    In the academic library network resource sharing platform,it's an applied and effective way to achieve the management of user authorization and resource distribution based on the IP address of visitor.By analyzing the application need of all sorts of resource sharing system,we design a general identity certification function module based on IP address.In the specific implementations,to map every IP address to an integer so that simplifies the domain management of IP address to numerical value management,when the IP data package arrives,it can classify the IP address timely and rapidly after simply data judging.This simplified processing algorithm structure is practical and efficiently while dealing with huge amounts of network service requirements.%在高校图书馆网络资源共享平台中,基于来访IP地址实现对用户权限、资源分配的管理是一种实用、有效的途径。通过分析各种共享系统的应用需求,设计一个具有通用性的IP身份认证模块。在具体实现上,将每个IP地址映射为一个整数,从而将IP地址区域的管理简化为数值区域的管理,当IP数据包到达时,通过实现简单的数据判断,就能对IP地址进行适时、快速分类。这种处理算法简单实用,同时在应对大量网络业务需求时效率较高。

  8. 19 CFR 10.70 - Purebred animals for breeding purposes; certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 9 CFR 151.7. Application for the certificate must be executed by the owner agent, or importer and... importation of animals (9 CFR 92.3). However, applications for certificates for dogs (other than dogs for handling livestock regulated under 9 CFR 92.18) and cats may be filed either at a designated port of...

  9. An accessible method for teaching doctors about death certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Sue; Rampatige, Rasika; Wainiqolo, Iris; Aumua, Audrey

    2012-01-01

    The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that data on mortality in its member countries are collected utilising the Medical Certificate of Cause of Death published in the instruction volume of the ICD-10. However, investment in health information processes necessary to promote the use of this certificate and improve mortality information is lacking in many countries. An appeal for support to make improvements has been launched through the Health Metrics Network's MOVE-IT strategy (Monitoring of Vital Events Information Technology) (WHO 2011). Despite this international spotlight on the need for capture of mortality data and in the use of the ICD-10 to code the data reported on such certificates, there is little cohesion in the way that certifiers of deaths receive instruction in how to complete the death certificate, which is the main source document for mortality statistics. Complete and accurate documentation of the immediate, underlying and contributory causes of death of the decedent on the death certificate is a requirement to produce standardised statistical information and to the ability to produce cause-specific mortality statistics that can be compared between populations and across time. This paper reports on a research project conducted to determine the efficacy and accessibility of the certification module of the WHO's newly-developed web based training tool for coders and certifiers of deaths. Involving a population of medical students from the Fiji School of Medicine and a pre- and post-research design, the study entailed completion of death certificates based on vignettes before and after access to the training tool. The ability of the participants to complete the death certificates and analysis of the completeness and specificity of the ICD-10 coding of the reported causes of death were used to measure the effect of the students' learning from the training tool. The quality of death certificate completion was assessed using a Quality Index

  10. 12 CFR 561.9 - Certificate account.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certificate account. 561.9 Section 561.9 Banks... AFFECTING ALL SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS § 561.9 Certificate account. The term certificate account means a savings account evidenced by a certificate that must be held for a fixed or minimum term....

  11. Package certification and validation of certificates from an industry perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper considers the many aspects of the package certification and validation process, from an Industry perspective, to identify ways to further enhance the efficiency of the regulatory function. The challenge is to achieve these enhancements without a conflict of interest or the perception of a conflict of interest whilst ensuring that the regulator remains clearly independent. The Competent Authorities (CAs), responsible for regulating the transport of radioactive materials around the world, have developed procedures for the overview of the package design and shipment approval process that includes Pre-Transport license application activities; package testing programmes; license application guidance and technical reviews of the applications. There is an impressive degree of competence, experience, and knowledge among the Competent Authorities in the provision of the regulatory function. There is a great deal of constructive interaction between team members, the different CAs and the CAs with Industry; considering the quantity of work. In providing its radioactive material transport regulatory programme over recent years, the CA has demonstrated a commendable openness and a strong desire to be transparent with regard to the vital regulatory activities. The manner in which the CAs support Industry is a demonstration of the commitment to an excellent safety culture in its transport regulations. (author)

  12. Certification of district heating substations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2007-01-15

    These Technical Regulations, F:103-6, have been produced and published by the Swedish District Heating Association in conjunction with manufacturers. Approved testing is part of the process of obtaining certification for a district heating substation. In addition, the process includes a review of documentation and of the manufacturer's production inspection procedures. A certified unit fulfils the requirements set out in the Association's document F:101, General Technical Requirements. Until further notice, the Association has selected SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden for certification of district heating substations. Certification means that the quality and function/performance of a prefabricated district heating substation have been examined and approved. Certification test method F:103-6 includes both static and dynamic tests and inspections. Detailed information on the district heating substation and its properties is given in the certification test reports. The unique feature of this certification is that the test reports are in the public domain. This is possible because the Association has full right of insight into the certification process, and because testing is performed in accordance with test programmes and procedures decided by the Association. In this document (F: 103-6), the Association specifies what is to be reported when SP carries out inspections at the manufacturer's premises. This can include details of claims lodged with the manufacturer and/or non-compliances with the required specification of the district heating substation. Such cases will be considered by a Certification Panel. Test reports and certificates provide information on the district heating substation's properties and performance, which can be used when assessing the substations. The technical tests do not address the long-term properties of substations, but SP's inspection specifically includes visual examination and application of its

  13. Renewable Energy Certificate Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gwendolyn S. Andersen

    2012-07-17

    This project was primarily to develop and implement a curriculum which will train undergraduate and graduate students at the University seeking a degree as well as training for enrollees in a special certification program to prepare individuals to be employed in a broad range of occupations in the field of renewable energy and energy conservation. Curriculum development was by teams of Saint Francis University Faculty in the Business Administration and Science Departments and industry experts. Students seeking undergraduate and graduate degrees are able to enroll in courses offered within these departments which will combine theory and hands-on training in the various elements of wind power development. For example, the business department curriculum areas include economic modeling, finance, contracting, etc. The science areas include meteorology, energy conversion and projection, species identification, habitat protection, field data collection and analysis, etc.

  14. Design and Certification of Industrial Predictive Controllers

    OpenAIRE

    Dutta, Abhishek

    2014-01-01

    Three decades have passed since milestone publications by several industrial and academic researchers spawned a flurry of research and commercial, industrial activities on model predictive control (MPC). The improvement in efficiency of the on-line optimization part of MPC led to its adoption in mechanical and mechatronic systems from process control and petrochemical applications. However, the massive strides made by the academic community in guaranteeing stability through state-space MPC h...

  15. Board Certification: The Global Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Susan H

    2016-09-01

    This article reviews globalization of quality standards in medicine, with emphasis on accreditation and certification. In conjunction with the 100th anniversary of the American Board of Ophthalmology, the author explores globalization movements, standards of quality, expectations of others seeking certification, the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) International, interrelationships with the ABMS, and considerations both pragmatic and philosophical in addressing globalization of standards. PMID:27550006

  16. The legitimacy of biofuel certification

    OpenAIRE

    Partzsch, Lena

    2009-01-01

    Abstract The biofuel boom is placing enormous demands on existing cropping systems, with the most crucial consequences in the agri-food sector. The biofuel industry is responding by initiating private governance and certification. The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and the Cramer Commission, among others, have formulated criteria on ?sustainable? biofuel production and processing. This article explores the legitimacy of private governance and certification by the biofuel...

  17. UML 2 Certification Guide Fundamental & Intermediate Exams

    CERN Document Server

    Weilkiens, Tim

    2006-01-01

    The popular Unified Modeling Language (UML) is both a language and notation developed by the Object Management Group (OMG) used to design and create specifications for software systems. With the recent release of version 2.0 UML, the OMG has started the OMG-Certified UML Professional Program to provide an objective measure of UML knowledge. As a certified UML professional a developer has an important credential to present to employers and clients. Certification also benefits companies looking for skilled UML practitioners by giving them a basis for making hiring and promotion decisions.UML 2 C

  18. Development of a Decommissioning Certificate Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Decommissioning Certificate Program has been developed at Washington State University Tri-Cities (WSU TC) in conjunction with Bechtel Hanford, Inc. (BHI), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)to address the increasing need for qualified professionals to direct and manage decommissioning projects. The cooperative effort between academia, industry, and government in the development and delivery of this Program of education and training is described, as well as the Program's design to prepare students to contribute sooner, and at a higher level, to decommissioning projects

  19. Directory of Certificates of Compliance for Radioactive Materials Packages: Certificates of Compliance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory contains a Report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Approved Packages (Volume 1), all Certificates of Compliance (Volume 2), and a Report of NRC Approved Quality Assurance Programs (Volume 3) for Radioactive Material Packages effective October 1, 1988. The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the front of Volume 2 of the directory. A listing by packaging types is included in the back of Volume 2. An alphabetical listing by Company name is included in the back of Volume 3 for approved QA programs. The Reports include a listing of all users of each package design and approved QA programs prior to the publication date of the directory

  20. Directory of Certificates of Compliance for Radioactive-Materials Packages. Certificates of Compliance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory contains a Summary Report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Approved Packages (Volume I), all Certificates of Compliance (Volume 2), and Summary Report of NRC Approved Quality Assurance Programs (Volume 3) for Radioactive Material Packages effective December 31, 1982. The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the back of Volumes 1 and 2 of the directory. A listing by packaging types is included in the back of Volume 2. An alphabetical listing by Company name is included in the back of Volume 3 for approved QA programs. The Summary Reports include a listing of all users of each package design and approved QA programs prior to the publication date of the directory

  1. Directory of certificates of compliance for radioactive materials packages, Certificates of compliance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory contains a Report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commissions's Approved Packages (Volume 1), Certificates of Compliance (Volume 2), and a Report of NRC Approved Quality Assurance Programs (Volume 3) for Radioactive Materials Packages effective October 1, 1990. The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packaging which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the front of Volume 2 of the directory. A listing by packaging types is included in the back of Volume 2. An alphabetical listing by Company name is included in the back of Volume 3 for approved QA programs. The Reports include a listing of all users of easy package design and approved QA programs prior to the publication date of the directory

  2. Development of a Certificate Training Curriculum for Domestic Violence Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wingfield, Debra A.; Blocker, L. Sharon

    1998-01-01

    A specialty training curriculum for domestic violence intervention and an entry-level domestic violence counseling certificate program are described. Five courses address perpetrator, victim, child witness, and victim counseling issues. Designed for a continuing education department, the curriculum was developed to meet statewide training…

  3. Guidelines for School Personnel: Certification, Allocations, and Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    This booklet presents guidelines designed to aid Texas school administrators in dealing with the three major aspects of public school personnel accounting--certification, allocations, and records. The booklet was prepared by the Texas Education Agency after extensive involvement with school district personnel in order to provide comprehensive,…

  4. 36 CFR 67.6 - Certifications of rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... governing late certifications contained in 26 CFR 1.48-12. (c) Upon receipt of the complete application... regulations 36 CFR part 60. Similarly, if a property has lost those qualities which caused it to be designated... rehabilitation. 67.6 Section 67.6 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  5. ABWR certification work brings US licensing stability nearer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Advanced Boiling Water Reactor (ABWR) is now approaching Final Design Approval by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and will then proceed on to the certification phase of the NRC's new standard plant licensing process. Successful completion of this will usher in a new era of standardization and reactor licensing stability in the US. (author)

  6. Certification of training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Richard S.

    1994-01-01

    Training has been around as an informal process for countless years. Most higher order animals require some level of training in hunting, social skills, or other survival related skills to continue their existence beyond early infancy. Much of the training is accomplished through imitation, trial and error, and good luck. In some ways the essentials of training in aviation have not deviated from this original formula a great deal. One of the major changes in aviation and other technical areas is that more complex response chains based on a broader base of knowledge are now required. 'To certify' means many things according to the American Heritage dictionary of the English Language. These meanings range from 'to guarantee as meeting a standard' to 'to declare legally insane'. For this discussion, we will use the definition 'an action taken by some authoritative body that essentially guarantees that the instruction meets some defined standard'. In order to make this certification, the responsible body subjects the educational process, training, training device, or simulator to some type of examination to determine its adequacy or validity.

  7. Green certificates - additional instruments at Kyoto Protocol's flexible mechanisms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents four mechanisms, designed to realize certain objectives - to stimulate the use of electricity produced from renewable energy sources and to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. The operation mode of these mechanisms is analyzed and their common characteristics are determined, as well as the possibility to interact each other. The systems analysed are Tradable Green Certificates and Flexible Mechanisms of Kyoto Protocol. The Green Certificates System is explained more thoroughly because the Romanian Government chose them to promote electricity from renewable energy sources on the internal electricity market. The main characteristic of these systems, which combine elements of centralization with the use of market mechanisms are outlined

  8. Ecotourism certification and its progress in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Since the middle 1990s, ecotourism certification has been given more and more attention to around the world.As a developing country with abundant ecotourism products, it is necessaryfor China to adopt certification to ensure sustainable development of ecotourism. But there are few products certificated until now in China. After reviewing the trend of ecotourism certification in the world and summarizing its theory and method, this paper analyzes the progress and prospect of ecotourism certification in China, and concludes that certification in China is necessary and promising.

  9. Protected Area Certificates: Gaining Ground for Better Ecosystem Protection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segerstedt, Anna; Grote, Ulrike

    2015-06-01

    Protected areas are vital to sustain a number of ecosystem services. Yet, many protected areas are underfinanced and lack management effectiveness. Protected area certificates have been suggested as a way to resolve these problems. This instrument would allow land managers to certify an area if it meets certain conservation criteria. The certificates could then be sold on an international market, for example to companies and any consumers that are interested in environmental protection. Some pilot initiatives have been launched, yet little is known about future demand and features of protected area certificates. To fill this knowledge gap, we conduct a choice experiment with close to 400 long-distance tourists from Germany as a potential group of buyers. Our results indicate that the respondents have the highest willingness to pay for certificates that conserve sensitive ecosystems and in addition to this lead to poverty reduction and safeguard water resources. For other attributes such as a greenhouse gas reduction, the preferences are less significant. Overall, the results are rather homogenous irrespective of where the protected areas are located. These insights are important for the future design and marketing of protected area certificates.

  10. Testing cycle-freeness: Finding a certificate

    CERN Document Server

    Seshadhri, C

    2009-01-01

    We deal with the problem of designing one-sided error property testers for cycle-freeness in bounded degree graphs. Such a property tester always accepts forests. Furthermore, when it rejects an input, it provides a short cycle as a certificate. The problem of testing cycle-freeness in this model was first considered by Goldreich and Ron \\cite{GR97}. They give a constant time tester with two-sided error (it does not provide certificates for rejection) and prove a $\\Omega(\\sqrt{n})$ lower bound for testers with one-sided error. We design a property tester with one-sided error whose running time matches this lower bound (upto polylogarithmic factors). Interestingly, this has connections to a recent conjecture of Benjamini, Schramm, and Shapira \\cite{BSS08}. The property of cycle-freeness is closed under the operation of taking minors. This is the first example of such a property that has an almost optimal $\\otilde(\\sqrt{n})$-time one-sided error tester, but has a constant time two-sided error tester. It was con...

  11. AutoCAD 2014 review for certification official certification preparation

    CERN Document Server

    ASCENT center for technical knowledge

    2014-01-01

    The AutoCAD® 2014 Review for Certification book is intended for users of AutoCAD® preparing to complete the AutoCAD 2014 Certified Professional exam. This book contains a collection of relevant instructional topics, practice exercises, and review questions from the Autodesk Official Training Guides (AOTG) from ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge pertaining specifically to the Certified Professional exam topics and objectives. This book is intended for experienced users of AutoCAD in preparation for certification. New users of AutoCAD should refer to the AOTG training guides from ASCENT, such as AutoCAD/AutoCAD LT 2014 Fundamentals, for more comprehensive instruction.

  12. Directory of certificates of compliance for radioactive materials packages. Certificates of compliance. Volume 2. Revision 9

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory contains a Summary Report of NRC Approved Packages (Volume 1). Certificates of Compliance (Volume 2), and a Summary Report of NRC Approved Quality Assurance Programs for Radioactive Material Packages (Volumes 3). The purpose of this directory is make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance number is included at the back of each volume of the directory. The Summary Report includes a listing of all users of each package design prior to the publication date of the directory. Shipments of radioactive material utilizing these packagings must be in accordance with the provisions of 49 CFR 173.471 and 10 CFR Part 71, as applicable. In satisfying the requirements of Section 71.12, it is the responsibility of the licensees to insure them that they have a copy of the current approval and conduct their transportation activities in accordance with an NRC approved quality assurance program. Copies of the current approval may be obtained from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission Public Document Room files (see Docket No. listed on each certificate) at 1717 H Street, Washington, DC 20555. Note that the general license of 10 CFR 71.12 does not authorize the receipt, possession, use or transfer of byproduct source, or special nuclear material; such authorization must be obtained pursuant to 10 CFR 30 to 36, 40, 50, or 70

  13. Directory of certificates of compliance for radioactive materials packages: certificates of compliance. Volume 2, Revision 7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory contains a Summary Report of NRC Approved Packages (Volume 1), Certificates of Compliance (Volume 2), and a Summary Report of NRC Approved Quality Assurance Programs for Radioactive Material Packages (Volume 3). The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance number is included at the back of each volume of the directory. The Summary Report includes a listing of all users of each package design prior to the publication date of the directory. Shipments of radioactive material utilizing these packagings must be in accordance with the provisions of 49 CFR 173.471 and 10 CFR Part 71, as applicable. In satisfying the requirements of Section 71.12, it is the responsibility of the licensees to insure that they have a copy of the current approval and conduct their transportation activities in accordance with an NRC approved quality assurance program. Copies of the current approval may be obtained from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission Public Document Room files (see Docket No. listed on each certificate) at 1717 H Street, Washington, DC 20555. Note the general license of 10 CFR 71.12 does not authorize the receipt, possession, use or transfer of byproduct source, or special nuclear material; such authorization must be obtained pursuant to 10 CFR Parts 30 to 36, 40, 50, or 70

  14. Directory of Certificates of Compliance for Radioactive Materials Packages. Certificates of Compliance. Volume 2, Revision 8

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory contains a Summary Report of NRC Approved Packages (Volume 1), Certificates of Compliance (Volume 2), and a Summary Report of NRC Approved Quality Assurance Programs for Radioactive Material Packages (Volume 3). The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance number is included at the back of each volume of the directory. The Summary Report includes a listing of all users of each package design prior to the publication date of the directory. Shipments of radioactive material utilizing these packagings must be in accordance with the provisions of 49 CFR 173.471 and 10 CFR Part 71, as applicable. In satisfying the requirements of Section 71.12, it is the responsibility of the licensees to insure them that they have a copy of the current approval and conduct their transportation activities in accordance with an NRC approved quality assurance program. Copies of the current approval may be obtained from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission Public Document Room files (see Docket No. listed on each certificate) at 1717 H Street, Washington, DC 20555. Note that the general license of 10 CFR 71.12 does not authorize the receipt, possession, use or transfer of byproduct source, or special nuclear material; such authorization must be obtained pursuant to 10 CFR Parts 30 to 36, 40, 50, or 70

  15. 33 CFR 274.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PEST CONTROL PROGRAM FOR CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Project Operation § 274.5 Certification. Under the... certification of Civil Works personnel. Pending final approval of the DOD Agency Plan, all Corps of Engineers... and the Division Engineer....

  16. Certificate Transparency in Theory and Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Gustafsson, Josef

    2016-01-01

    Certificate Transparency provides auditability to the widely used X.509 Public Key Infrastructure (PKIX) authentication in Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol. Transparency logs issue signed promises of inclusions to be used together with certificates for authentication of TLS servers. Google Chrome enforces the use of Certificate Transparency for validation of Extended Validation (EV) certificates. This thesis proposes a methodology for asserting correct operation and presents a survey o...

  17. DINI Institutional Repository Certification and Beyond

    OpenAIRE

    Dobratz, Susanne

    2006-01-01

    Overview on certification of institutional repositories as a means to support Open Access in Germany and description of the DINI Certificate 2006 developed by DINI, the German Initiative for Networked Information. The DINI Certificate for Document and Publication Repositories shows potential users and authors of digital documents that a certain level of quality in operating the repository is guaranteed and that this distinguishes it from common institutional web servers. The Certificate ca...

  18. Is it time for rubberwood certification?

    OpenAIRE

    Noor Aini Zakaria; Lim Hin Fui; Ismariah Ahmad; Rohana Abd Rahman; Norliyana Adnan

    2012-01-01

    The increase in global attention on climate change, also heightens pressure on the implementation of certification on rubberwood plantation. Certification ensures that resources are managed sustainably for economic, environmental and societal benefits. The international push for rubberwood certification is an urgent issue as MalaysiaÕs furniture exporters are facing great pressure from the American and European markets. Some furniture buyers from Europe and America require certification espec...

  19. Quality certificates for homeopathic matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amarilys de Toledo Cesar

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: To produce homeopathic medicines, pharmacies need raw materials (mother tinctures and diluted-agitated solutions, named “matrices”, provided by insumes suppliers. The “matrices” are ultra high dilutions and can not be tested against Analysis Reports. Aims: to propose alternatives to the matrices Analysis Report; to contribute to the quality of homeopathic medicines and treatment. Method: search of information present in the documentation provided from 2 national and 3 European suppliers in order to develop criteria. Discussion: the needed concepts for compliance with the orders throughout their production process were presented. The control of information involved in the process allows to trace the production of matrices, providing an indication of the quality with which they were obtained. Each supplier gives different approach to issuing a document, calling it Certificate of Conformity Protocol Preparation, Manufacturing Certificate or Quality Certificate. Summarizing, it is a supplier's declaration, which involves the quality control of raw materials, packaging materials and of the process used, but not a report that enables customers to repeat the analysis. A model was proposed for a Certificate of Quality, with the minimum information needed to indicate to the pharmacies that there is a control of the process. This certificate shall contain statements about the process. Conclusion: Quality Certificate seems to be the best document to ensure the pharmacy that the matrix obtained presents characteristics compatible with the preparation of a quality homeopathic medicine.

  20. Framework for Certification of Fish Propagation, Protection and Monitoring Facilities. Final Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlson, Thomas J.; Costello, Ronald J.

    1997-06-01

    A conceptual framework for certification of fish production and monitoring facilities including software templates to expedite implementation of the framework are presented. The framework is based on well established and widely utilized project management techniques. The implementation templates are overlays for Microsoft Professional Office software products: Excel, Word, and Project. Use of the software templates requires Microsoft Professional Office. The certification framework integrates two classical project management processes with a third process for facility certification. These processes are: (1) organization and definition of the project, (2) acquisition and organization of project documentation, and (3) facility certification. The certification process consists of systematic review of the production processes and the characteristics of the produced product. The criteria for certification review are the plans and specifications for the products and production processes that guided development of the facility. The facility is certified when the production processes are operating as designed and the product produced meets specifications. Within this framework, certification is a performance based process, not dissimilar from that practiced in many professions and required for many process, or a product meets professional/industry standards of performance. In the case of fish production facilities, the certifying authority may be diffuse, consisting of many entities acting through a process such as NEPA. A cornerstone of certification is accountability, over the long term, for the operation and products of a facility. This is particularly important for fish production facilities where the overall goal of the facility may require decades to accomplish.

  1. Open source systems security certification

    CERN Document Server

    Damiani, Ernesto; El Ioini, Nabil

    2009-01-01

    Open Source Advances in Computer Applications book series provides timely technological and business information for: Enabling Open Source Systems (OSS) to become an integral part of systems and devices produced by technology companies; Inserting OSS in the critical path of complex network development and embedded products, including methodologies and tools for domain-specific OSS testing (lab code available), plus certification of security, dependability and safety properties for complex systems; Ensuring integrated systems, including OSS, meet performance and security requirements as well as achieving the necessary certifications, according to the overall strategy of OSS usage on the part of the adopter

  2. How much market do market-based instruments create? An analysis for the case of 'white' certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Discussions about 'green' certificates for renewable energy forms are under way for some time now. In contrast, tradable 'white' certificates have only lately been celebrated as a market-based tool to foster energy efficiency. Theoretically, there is little doubt about this. In practice, however, some fundamental problems and doubts about the usefulness of certificates arise: How 'competitive' are markets for certificates in reality? Is a 'white' certificate scheme only a new name for an old hat rooted in control and command regulation? With this suspicion, a number of questions and aspects arise: - Market mechanism: Which criteria guarantee that an - artificial - market for certificates really becomes competitive? Will trading be characterized by spot markets or by rather anti-competitive long-term over-the-counter contracts? Which minimum market size is needed, and which are the conditions regarding the tradability of the certificate that have to be met? - Target group: Who should be obliged to purchase certificates? Are electricity suppliers the right target group, or should fuel and heat suppliers be addressed, or the consumer himself? - Additionality and measurability: Which efficiency technologies should be eligible for certificates? What exactly is an efficient technology? A narrow definition might ease measuring problems but at the same time reduce innovation incentives. We use the theoretical framework of Transaction Cost Economics to discuss these issues. A brief review of the design of tradable certificate schemes in Italy and the UK is given. Lessons can also be learned from renewable portfolio standards recently implemented in a number of countries

  3. Certification and the Branding of HRD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carliner, Saul

    2012-01-01

    Although calls continue to establish certification, several certifications for human resource development (HRD) practitioners already exist, although none use the name HRD. This Forum explores what those certification programs are and what their availability means to the development of the HRD "brand" (the impressions of the service derived from…

  4. 34 CFR 34.21 - Employer certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employer certification. 34.21 Section 34.21 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education ADMINISTRATIVE WAGE GARNISHMENT § 34.21 Employer certification. (a) Along with a garnishment order, we send to an employer a certification in a form...

  5. 46 CFR 109.439 - Crane certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Crane certificates. 109.439 Section 109.439 Shipping... Reports, Notifications, and Records Records § 109.439 Crane certificates. The master or person in charge shall insure that the following certificates and records for each crane are maintained on the unit:...

  6. 26 CFR 1.43-3 - Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... § 1.43-3 Certification (a) Petroleum engineer's certification of a project—(1) In general. A petroleum... requirements of section 43(c)(2)(A). A petroleum engineer's certification must be submitted for each project. The petroleum engineer certifying a project must be duly registered or certified in any State....

  7. 14 CFR 21.275 - Experimental certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Experimental certificates. 21.275 Section 21.275 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT... certificates. (a) The manufacturer shall, before issuing an experimental certificate, obtain from...

  8. 75 FR 71454 - NIJ Certification Programs Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-23

    ... of Justice Programs NIJ Certification Programs Workshop AGENCY: National Institute of Justice. ACTION: Notice of Meeting of the NIJ Certification Programs Workshop. SUMMARY: The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) is hosting a Certification Programs Workshop to introduce NIJ standards for law...

  9. 14 CFR 137.11 - Certificate required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS AGRICULTURAL AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS Certification Rules § 137.11 Certificate required. (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (c) and (d) of this... dispensing of water on forest fires by rotorcraft external-load means, need not comply with this subpart....

  10. 29 CFR 1926.29 - Acceptable certifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Acceptable certifications. (a) Pressure vessels. Current and valid certification by an insurance company or... be in compliance with the requirements of this part when evidence of current and valid certification by an insurance company or regulatory authority attesting to the safe installation, inspection,...

  11. How to price imperfect certification

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mysliveček, Jan

    -, č. 364 (2008), s. 1-37. ISSN 1211-3298 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC542 Grant ostatní: Univerzita Karlova(CZ) 7743/2007 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : certification * imperfect testing * competition Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/wp/Wp364.pdf

  12. Teacher Certification/Preparation Guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotter, Rita

    1990-01-01

    Presents guidelines for general and theater specialist K-12 teacher certification developed by the American Alliance for Theatre Education and the Speech Communication Association. Advocates that all teachers have preparation in arts and communication and that theater and communication specialists continue to be trained. (SR)

  13. Trusted Certificates in Quantum Cryptography

    OpenAIRE

    Perkins, William

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyzes the performance of Kak's three stage quantum cryptographic protocol based on public key cryptography against a man-in-the-middle attack. A method for protecting against such an attack is presented using certificates distributed by a trusted third party.

  14. Developing a Network To Support Candidates through the Process of Certification by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfson, Rona

    This paper describes the development of a practicum designed to recruit and support teacher candidates from one district through the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards Certification. Potential candidates had been isolated in their pursuit of certification because there were no support groups, courses, or manuals specifically…

  15. Directory of Certificates of Compliance for radioactive materials packages: Certificates of Compliance. Volume 2, Revision 18

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-10-01

    The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the front of Volumes 1 and 2. An alphabetical listing by user name is included in the back of Volume 3 of approved QA programs. The reports include a listing of all users of each package design and approved QA programs prior to the publication date.

  16. Directory of Certificates of Compliance for radioactive materials packages: Certificates of Compliance. Volume 2, Revision 18

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the front of Volumes 1 and 2. An alphabetical listing by user name is included in the back of Volume 3 of approved QA programs. The reports include a listing of all users of each package design and approved QA programs prior to the publication date

  17. Planetary Protection Alternate Protocol Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Amy; Barengoltz, Jack; Tisdale, David

    The talk presents a standardized approach for new method certification or alterative testing protocol (ATP) certification against the existing U.S. Planetary Protection Standards. In consideration of new method certification there are two phases of activities that are relevant to the certification process. The first is sample acquisition which typically incorporates swab or wipes sampling on relevant hardware, associated facilities and ground support equipment. The sampling methods introduce considerations of field sampling efficiency as it relates to spore distribution on the spacecraft, spacecraft material influences on the ability of the swab or wipe to remove spores from the hardware, the types of swabs and wipes used (polyester, cotton, macrofoam), and human sampling influences. The second portion of a new protocol certification looks specifically at the lab work-up or analysis of the samples provided to the laboratory. Variables in this process include selection of appropriate biomarkers, extraction efficiencies (removal of spores or constituents of interest from the sampling device), and a method's ability to accurately determine the number of spores present in the sample with a statistically valid level of confidence as described by parameters such as precision, accuracy, robustness, specificity and sensitivity. Considerations for alternative testing protocols such as those which utilize bioburden reduction techniques include selection of appropriate biomarkers for testing, test materials and a defined statistical approach that provides sufficient scientific data to support the modification of an existing NASA specification or the generation of a new NASA specification. Synergies between the U.S. and European Space Agency approaches will also be discussed.

  18. Environmental certificate to Salmisaari plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SFS-EN ISO 14001 certificate has been granted in October 2nd 2000 to the environmental systems of Salmisaari power plant area owned by Helsinki Energia. The certificate cowers power and district heat generation at the power plants of the Salmisaari area. The certified system will be used as the basis for the future environmental work. Salmisaari B is a combined heat and power plant, and Salmisaari A is a boiler plant generating district heat for use in winter. Both plants use coal as main fuel. Dusts and sulphur compounds are removed from the flue gases formed in combustion in desulphurisation plant. Development of the environmental system started in autumn 1997 by excursion to acquaint the environmental system of the Rauhalahti power plant. Development work started in spring 1998. External evaluations and the recording of the present situation by DNV (Det Norske Veritas) consulting services were carried out at the end of 1999. The inspection of the management was carried out in the beginning of 2000 and the auditing was made in May 2000. Auditing showed about ten faults or lacks in the system, which were repaired. DNV Certification Oy/AB carried out the certification. Certification granted in the beginning of October 2000, covers power and district heat generation of the Salmisaari plants, as well as all the operations and systems, such as power station, underground oil storages, coal storage and the Tammasaari coal and oil unloading docks and Kellosaari power plants, connected to them. Desulphurisation plant of Salmisaari has operated since 1987, and NOx emissions have been reduced since 1991 by improved coal combustion system. In Hanasaari power plant the combustion technology was renewed during reduction of NOx emissions in 1994

  19. The political economy of international green certificate markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper analyzes the political economy of establishing bilateral trade in green certificate markets as one step towards harmonization of European green electricity support systems. We outline some of the economic principles of an integrated bilateral green certificates market, and then discuss a number of issues that are deemed to be critical for the effectiveness, stability and legitimacy of such a market. By drawing on some of the lessons of the fairly recent intentions to integrate a future green certificate market in Norway with the existing Swedish one, we highlight, exemplify and discuss some critical policy implementation and design issues. These include, for instance, the system's connection to climate policy targets, the role of other support schemes and the definition of what green electricity technologies should be included. Furthermore, the establishment of an international market presumes that the benefits of renewable power (e.g., its impacts on the environment, diversification of the power mix, self-sufficiency, etc.) are approached and valued from an international perspective rather than from a national one, thus implying lesser emphasis on, for instance, employment and regional development impacts. A bilateral green certificate system thus faces a number of important policy challenges, but at the same time it could provide important institutional learning effects that can be useful for future attempts aiming at achieving greater policy integration in the European renewable energy sector

  20. Achieving sustainable forest management and certification in the southeast : Development of a distance learning course

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, Susan; Cubbage, Fred

    2002-01-01

    The paper will summarize our new effort to develop an integrated distance education / professional education course on forest certification and sustainable forest management (SFM) in the Southeast. The course will present a practical, applied view of the elements of forest certification for private forestlands in the South- east, as well as a review of the SFM criteria and indicators. The innovative course design will present the material in five different modules, covering international SFM ...

  1. Certifying improvement, improving certification: An analysis based on the artisanal and small-scale mining sector

    OpenAIRE

    Bodenheimer, Miriam

    2014-01-01

    There are a plethora of voluntary initiatives indirectly connected to artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM), but until recently, none of these standards were explicitly concerned with ASM. It is only with the introduction of certification schemes specific to the ASM sector that guidelines are being designed and implemented that expressly address its unique dynamics. But implementing certification schemes remains costly and it is therefore important to analyze in detail to what degree problem...

  2. The PANDA tests for SBWR certification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varadi, G.; Dreier, J.; Bandurski, Th. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen PSI (Switzerland)] [and others

    1996-03-01

    The ALPHA project is centered around the experimental and analytical investigation of the long-term decay heat removal from the containments of the next generation of {open_quotes}passive{close_quotes} ALWRs. The project includes integral system tests in the large-scale (1:25 in volume) PANDA facility as well as several other series of tests and supporting analytical work. The first series of experiments to be conducted in PANDA have become a required experimental element in the certification process for the General Electric Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (SBWR). The PANDA general experimental philosophy, facility design, scaling, and instrumentation are described. Steady-state PCCS condenser performance tests and extensive facility characterization tests were already conducted. The transient system behavior tests are underway; preliminary results from the first transient test M3 are reviewed.

  3. US licensing process and ABWR certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Part 50 licensing process establishes a two-step licensing process whereby the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) authorizes construction through issuance of a construction permit and authorizes operation by issuance of an operating license. At each stage, the NRC staff conducts technical reviews, and there is potential for public hearings. The purpose of the Part 52 licensing process is to provide a regulatory framework that brings about early resolution of licensing issues in comparison with the Part 50 process. Because issues are not resolved early in the Part 50 licensing process, approval of an operating license is not assured until after a significant investment has been made in the plant. Part 52 increases the stability and certainty of the licensing process by providing for the early resolution of safety and environmental issues. The Part 52 licensing process features early site permits, design certification, and combined construction permits and operating licenses

  4. Refinement and use of Certificates of Veterinary Inspection (Health Certificates) for optimal assurance of disease freedom in aquatic animals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starling, D E; Palić, D; Scarfe, A D

    2007-01-01

    Certificates of Veterinary Inspection (CVI), generally termed "Health Certificates", are pivotal for ensuring that translocated animals are not diseased or do not harbour significant pathogens. While used very successfully with terrestrial animal movement for decades, CVIs for aquatic animals are not well refined, understood or used, despite the availability of several aquatic animal "certification processes", "permits" and "health certificates", including the OIE model health certificates. Correctly designed CVIs provide the single most economical and effective assurance of disease status (generally freedom from specific diseases or pathogens) for individuals or lots of animals, at any point in time. When issued by a qualified independent third-party (typically a licensed and government accredited veterinarian) they provide the official level of assurance necessary for intrastate, interstate and international trade. Tailored modifications of CVIs are also useful for other purposes requiring the evaluation of animal health (e.g. specific pathogen-free (SPF) assurance for premises, risk-mitigating assurance necessary for insurance policies, breeding soundness assurance of broodstock, etc.). Here we discuss necessary information for aquatic animal CVIs: animal, ownership and location; standardized diagnostic results and their interpretation; and language contained in CVIs. Also addressed is the viability for use with multiple aquatic species and diseases/pathogens of interest, and their use in conjunction with established veterinary inspection procedures. A revised model aquatic CVI, with broad potential use for individual operations, states or countries, is offered for discussion, comment and refinement. In addition an optimally designed model CVI may be of use with electronic systems that are evolving in, for example, Europe, the USA and Australia/New Zealand (e.g. TRACES, e-CVI, e-Certs). PMID:18306523

  5. Recommendations for Aligning PGY2 Pharmacy Residency Training and Pharmacy Specialist Board Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorensen, Todd D; Shapiro, Nancy L; Benedict, Neal; Edwards, Krystal L; Chan, Alexandre; Covey, Douglas; Daniels, Charles; Hagemann, Tracy; Hemstreet, Brian; Miller, William; Musselman, Megan E

    2016-05-01

    With the increased focus and anticipated growth in specialty training and certification within the profession of pharmacy, it is important for the profession to step back and evaluate the manner in which its adopted education and certification systems interface. As a result of specialty practice development, significant growth is occurring in both postgraduate year two (PGY2) pharmacy residency programs and individuals seeking certification by the Board of Pharmacy Specialties. As the profession continues to evolve its specialty training and credentialing systems, it is important to consider the inherent relationship between these systems. This paper considers the current landscape of specialty training and certification, including issues related to the quality of PGY2 training, consistent application of standards across and within PGY2 programs, credentialing of preceptors and program directors, and alignment of training with specialty certification examination content domains. We outline recommendations across three areas: (1) creating consistency between specialty training and certification, (2) aligning qualifications of PGY2 residency program directors and preceptors with the designated specialty area, and (3) assessing program quality in the context of the expectations of specialists established by the profession. The goal of this paper is to stimulate professional dialogue on these issues. Establishing both formal and informal connections between specialty training and certification can serve as the foundation for a rational approach to professional development and the credentialing that will be recognized by stakeholders outside the pharmacy profession. Establishing these connections will also support and advance the profession's mission of meeting the medication needs of patients. PMID:27062513

  6. 21 CFR 80.37 - Treatment of batch pending certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Treatment of batch pending certification. 80.37... COLOR ADDITIVE CERTIFICATION Certification Procedures § 80.37 Treatment of batch pending certification. Immediately after the sample that is to accompany a request for certification of a batch of color additive...

  7. 40 CFR 80.163 - Detergent certification options.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... to approved State programs). (d) CARB-Based Certification. A valid certification under section 2257 of Title 13, California Code of Regulations (CARB certification) may be the basis for a certification... at the LAC specified in the CARB certification only in gasoline that meets the requirements...

  8. 46 CFR 189.60-40 - Duration of Convention certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Duration of Convention certificates. 189.60-40 Section... VESSELS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificates Under International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 § 189.60-40 Duration of Convention certificates. (a) The following certificates are valid for...

  9. 46 CFR 91.60-40 - Duration of Convention certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Duration of Convention certificates. 91.60-40 Section 91... VESSELS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificates Under International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 § 91.60-40 Duration of Convention certificates. (a) The following certificates are valid for...

  10. 46 CFR 71.75-15 - Posting of Convention certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Posting of Convention certificates. 71.75-15 Section 71... AND CERTIFICATION Certificates Under the International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1960 § 71.75-15 Posting of Convention certificates. (a) The certificates described in this subpart,...

  11. Forest Certification: Toward Common Standards?

    OpenAIRE

    Fischer, Carolyn; Sedjo, Roger; Jawahar, Puja; Aguilar, Francisco

    2005-01-01

    The forestry industry provides a good illustration of the active roles that industry associations, environmental nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), national governments, and international organizations can play in developing and promoting codes of conduct that are formally sanctioned and certified. It also reflects some of the challenges of disseminating codes of conduct in developing countries and ensuring market benefits from certification. We describe the emergence of forest certificati...

  12. ISO 9001 certification forecasting models

    OpenAIRE

    Sampaio, Paulo; Saraiva, Pedro; Rodrigues, António Guimarães

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – ISO 9001 certification is nowadays considered to be one of the most effective tools that can be adopted for guiding the management of Quality Systems. The stunning growth observed by these standards all over the world confirms a strong polarization of enterprises’ interest in this practice. Owing to the wide incidence of this phenomenon, a deep investigation of ISO 9001 diffusion over time is of mandatory importance. The research here reported covers the development of s...

  13. Some Impacts of Risk-Centric Certification Requirements for UAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neogi, Natasha A. (Inventor); Hayhurst, Kelly J.; Maddalon, Jeffrey M.; Verstynen, Harry A.

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses results from a recent study that investigates certification requirements for an unmanned rotorcraft performing agricultural application operations. The process of determining appropriate requirements using a risk-centric approach revealed a number of challenges that could impact larger UAS standardization efforts. Fundamental challenges include selecting the correct level of abstraction for requirements to permit design flexibility, transforming human-centric operational requirements to aircraft airworthiness requirements, and assessing all hazards associated with the operation.

  14. Thermodynamic indicators for environmental certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panzieri, Margherita; Porcelli, Marcello; Pulselli, Federico Maria

    2002-09-01

    The Earth is an open thermodynamic system, that remains in a steady state far from the equilibrium, through energy and matter exchanges with the surrounding environment. These natural constraints, which prevent the system from maximizing its entropy, are threatened by human action and our ecosystem needs urgent protection. In this viewpoint the environmental certification was born, according to international standards ISO 14001, ISO 14040, and European Regulation EMAS. These are voluntary adhesions to a program of environmental protection by companies, administrations and organizations which, starting from the respect of the existing environmental laws and regulations, decide to further improve their environmental performance. To obtain and maintain certification of a system is necessary to apply some indicators to evaluate its environmental performance and to demonstrate its progressive improvement. Here we propose to use for this purpose the thermodynamic indicators produced from energy analysis by Odum. The case study is Montalcino city (Italy) and energy indicators are used to evaluate environmental performance of this system where exist different activities, from agricultural productions, to tourism. Results show that energy analysis could become a valid standard monitoring method for environmental certification, especially in consideration of its wide application field. PMID:12407910

  15. Certification-Based Process Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Russell L.

    2013-01-01

    Space mission architects are often challenged with knowing which investment in technology infusion will have the highest return. Certification-based analysis (CBA) gives architects and technologists a means to communicate the risks and advantages of infusing technologies at various points in a process. Various alternatives can be compared, and requirements based on supporting streamlining or automation can be derived and levied on candidate technologies. CBA is a technique for analyzing a process and identifying potential areas of improvement. The process and analysis products are used to communicate between technologists and architects. Process means any of the standard representations of a production flow; in this case, any individual steps leading to products, which feed into other steps, until the final product is produced at the end. This sort of process is common for space mission operations, where a set of goals is reduced eventually to a fully vetted command sequence to be sent to the spacecraft. Fully vetting a product is synonymous with certification. For some types of products, this is referred to as verification and validation, and for others it is referred to as checking. Fundamentally, certification is the step in the process where one insures that a product works as intended, and contains no flaws.

  16. PKI Interoperability Based on Online Certificate Validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinu Smadu

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important problems related to Public Key Infrastructures is the validation of the digital certificates. Certificate validation services can be based on offline and/or online schemes. Offline schemes have the major disadvantage that they cannot always give an up-to-date response. On the other side, the most used protocol for online validation, the Online Certificate Status Protocol [1], also has its drawbacks. It can only state if a certificate has been revoked or not. RFC 5055 [2] defines a more complex protocol, the Server-based Certificate Validation Protocol (SCVP, capable of building and validating the certification path. To implement a basic functionality of this new protocol, we will start from an existing project, the CADDISK and we will try to implement an OpenSSL module.

  17. Hydrologist certification: Two views

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merriam, Robert A.; Holzhausen, Gary R.

    1984-04-01

    I recently received a letter regarding the registration of hydrologists but paid little attention. Now with Peter S. Eagleson's, president of the Hydrology Section, comments in Eos (Jan. 10, 1984, pp. 9-10) I realize there must be quite a controversy. I would like to comment, particularly with regard to the argument that registration will protect the public.I am a registered professional forester in California. Therefore I am qualified to practice there. Correct? Legally, yes. Professionally, in most regards, no. I have never done the type of forestry work for which the registration law was primarily designed. My experience has been primarily with brushfields and rangelands or with tree species of the subtropics.

  18. MOOC Teaching Design of the“Physical Geography and Geomorphology”Based on the Needs of the Engineering Professional Certification%基于工程专业认证需求的“自然地理与地貌”慕课教学设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅晓丹; 王文福; 梁欣; 李丹; 姜芸

    2015-01-01

    工程教育专业认证和慕课核心都是将“以学生为中心”作为基本理念,两者都是实现高等教育国际化的重要途径,也是高等工程教育改革的迫切需要。介绍中国工程专业认证的标准和特点,并对比传统教学设计与慕课教学设计的不同,结合我校“自然地理与地貌”慕课建设的总体方案,从教学目标分析、学习者特征分析、教学策略、教学活动、教学资源和工具、学习评价6个方面阐述基于工程专业认证需求的“自然地理与地貌”慕课教学设计的初步构想,力求提高学习者对课程资源的理解,满足个性化和多样化的学习需求。%The core concept of engineering education professional certification and MOOC is“student centered”. Both of them are important ways to realize the internationalization of higher education and also the urgent need of higher engineering education reform. The paper introduces the standards and characteristics of the Chinese engineering professional certification,then compares with the tra-ditional teaching design. From the teaching target analysis,analysis of characteristics of learners,teaching strategy,teaching activi-ties,teaching resources and tools,learning evaluation of six aspects,it expounds preliminary conception of MOOC teaching design of the“physical geography and geomorphology”based on the needs of the engineering professional certification combined with our overall scheme of the MOOC construction . It is in order to improve the learners’ understanding of course resources and meet the demand of personalized and diversified learning.

  19. Game Analysis of Policy for Forest Certification

    OpenAIRE

    Guan Zhi-Jie; Cao Jian-Hua

    2013-01-01

    Forest certification is promoting sustainable managed forest, it has become an excellent tool for forestry products green procurement and it prevented the illegal logging and purchasing effectively. Forest certification makes the forestry enterprise add the more cost and reduces its profit. Forest certification meets the need of sustainable development due to the important role of forest in the society and enlarges the certified product’s market in an envir...

  20. Making calculated energy certificate for choosen building

    OpenAIRE

    Hafner, Rok

    2015-01-01

    The graduation thesis addresses four given energy efficiency certificates for the preschool in Škofja Loka, calculated according to the valid legislation and work methodology. The building in question was built in the seventies of last century and had it's efficiency improved in 2014. The state of the building before improvements has both measured and calculated efficiency certificates made using the KI Energija 2014 program, while the two energy efficiency certificates for the...

  1. Teacher Certification Among Athletic Training Students

    OpenAIRE

    Curtis, Neil

    1995-01-01

    Researchers have reported that athletic training students who earn teacher certification enhance their job marketability. The purpose of this study was to determine the number of athletic training students who pursue teacher certification. A survey was mailed to the directors of the 78 NATA undergraduate programs in 1992. Data from the returned surveys showed that 177 of the 703 expected graduates in 1992 and 148 of the 640 graduates in 1991 pursued teacher certification. The most common teac...

  2. ISO 9001 certification : customer’s perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Matias, Diana; Sampaio, Paulo; Braga, A.C.

    2011-01-01

    Based on our own experience and on the literature review carried out the ISO 9001 research studies have mostly addressed certification issues from the companies point of view, namely companies certification motivations and benefits, benefits evolution over time, barriers to the quality management system implementation, evolution and diffusion of worldwide ISO 9001 certification, the impact on organizational and financial performance and the relation between ISO 9001 and Total Quality Manageme...

  3. Analysis of the green certificate market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report studies the advantages and disadvantages of a separate financial market for the environmental advantages in the production of electricity from renewable energy sources. This market solution is evaluated against other financial systems used to promote the production of green electricity. By starting from a general equilibrium model for the green certificate market, the report discusses how the adaptation in the certificate market is influenced by changes in the market conditions. The certificate market is combined with a quota market for carbon dioxide, with and without international trade with electricity and certificate and market power in the production of electricity from renewable energy sources

  4. DB2 9 Fundamentals Certification Study Guide

    CERN Document Server

    Sanders, Roger E

    2007-01-01

    Starting with the certification process itself and ending with the concept of isolation levels and locking, this guide covers everything needed to know to pass the DB2 9 Fundamentals Certification Exam (Exam 730). The prerequisite for all intermediate and follow-on DB2 certifications, XML usage, basic table creation, a rich set of sample questions, and detailed answers are all included, forming the foundation for understanding the newest version of IBM's flagship database product. Regardless of what future certification path the reader is planning on pursuing, this study guide will chart a cou

  5. Investigating weaknesses in Android certificate security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krych, Daniel E.; Lange-Maney, Stephen; McDaniel, Patrick; Glodek, William

    2015-05-01

    Android's application market relies on secure certificate generation to establish trust between applications and their users; yet, cryptography is often not a priority for application developers and many fail to take the necessary security precautions. Indeed, there is cause for concern: several recent high-profile studies have observed a pervasive lack of entropy on Web-systems leading to the factorization of private keys.1 Sufficient entropy, or randomness, is essential to generate secure key pairs and combat predictable key generation. In this paper, we analyze the security of Android certificates. We investigate the entropy present in 550,000 Android application certificates using the Quasilinear GCD finding algorithm.1 Our results show that while the lack of entropy does not appear to be as ubiquitous in the mobile markets as on Web-systems, there is substantial reuse of certificates only one third of the certificates in our dataset were unique. In other words, we find that organizations frequently reuse certificates for different applications. While such a practice is acceptable under Google's specifications for a single developer, we find that in some cases the same certificates are used for a myriad of developers, potentially compromising Android's intended trust relationships. Further, we observed duplicate certificates being used by both malicious and non-malicious applications. The top 3 repeated certificates present in our dataset accounted for a total of 11,438 separate APKs. Of these applications, 451, or roughly 4%, were identified as malicious by antivirus services.

  6. Radiation protection supervisors certification in Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to accomplish its legal assignments CNEN certifies the qualification of radiation protection supervisors. The current certification process is presented and discussed in this paper. This paper discusses the main points of the certification process including: knowledge tests, stake holder's communication, standards, supervisor responsibilities and profiles. The importance of safety certification of nuclear facilities and radiation protection of public individuals and workers are also discussed. Taking into account the characteristics of the Brazilian Nuclear program, the future improvements and goals in the certification process is also presented. (author)

  7. 77 FR 73334 - Adding International Energy Efficiency (IEE) Certificate to List of Certificates a Recognized...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 46 CFR Part 8 RIN 1625-AB90 Adding International Energy Efficiency (IEE) Certificate... to add the International Energy Efficiency (IEE) Certificate to the list of certificates that a... the Protocol of 1978, has been amended to address energy efficiency for ships, and these...

  8. Is ISO 14001 Certification Effective? An Experimental Analysis of Firm Profitability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aridelmo José Campanharo Teixeira

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the effect environmental management certification (ISO 14001 has on publicly tradedBrazilian companies profitability. Signaling theory predicts that the certification serves to signal to society goodenvironmental behavior; allowing people to screen the different types of firms, improving the financialeconomicperformance of those firms that engage in this behavior. We performed difference-in-difference fixedeffect design comparing the financial performance of companies with and without certification of theirenvironmental management systems, using data on 552 companies over the period from 1996 to 2008. Theresults indicate that firms with an environmental management system certified according to the NBR ISO14001:2004 standard tended to be more profitable, on average, than firms without certification.

  9. REC Tracking Systems Design Guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meredith Wingate

    2004-02-03

    OAK-B135 The Design Guide is presented in three parts. Section II describes the need for REC tracking, the two principal tracking methods available, and, in simple terms, the operation of certificate-based systems. Section III presents the major issues in the design of certificate-based tracking systems and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of alternative solutions. Finally, Section IV offers design principles or recommendations for most of these issues.

  10. The StoRM Certification Process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    StoRM is an implementation of the SRM interface version 2.2 used by all Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments and non-LHC experiments as SRM endpoint at different Tiers of Worldwide LHC Computing Grid. The complexity of its services and the demand of experiments and users are increasing day by day. The growing needs in terms of service level by the StoRM users communities make it necessary to design and implement a more effective testing procedure to quickly and reliably validate new StoRM candidate releases both in code side (for example via test units, and schema valuator) and in final product software (for example via functionality tests, and stress tests). Testing software service is a very critical quality activity performed in a very ad-hoc informal manner by developers, testers and users of StoRM up to now. In this paper, we describe the certification mechanism used by StoRM team to increase the robustness and reliability of the StoRM services. Various typologies of tests, such as quality, installation, configuration, functionality, stress and performance, defined on the base of a set of use cases gathered as consequence of the collaboration among the StoRM team, experiments and users, are illustrated. Each typology of test is either increased or decreased easily from time to time. The proposed mechanism is based on a new configurable testsuite. This is executed by the certification team, who is responsible for validating the release candidate package as well as bug fix (or patch) package, given a certain testbed that considers all possible use cases. In correspondence of each failure, the package is given back to developers waiting for validating a new package.

  11. CNCA and MOFCOM Released Green Market Certification Rules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Learned from the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People's Republic of China (CNCA) on 9th June, the Green Market Certification Rules formulated by the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People's Republic of China and the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) will be formally implemented from the date of June 30. The Rules has defined specific requirements for the certification institutions and certification personnel engaged in the certification of Green Market.

  12. Harmonisation of wind turbine certification in Europe JOULE project EWTC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nath, C. [Germanischer Lloyd, Hamburg (Germany); Eriksson, C. [Det Norske Veritas, Hellerup (Denmark); Hulle, F. van [Frans van Hulle, Petten (Netherlands); Skamris, C. [Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark); Stam, W. [CIWI Holland, Arnheim (Netherlands); Vionis, P. [CRES, Attki (Greece)

    1999-03-01

    Wind turbine certification requirements are currently fairly divers within Europe. Therefore the leading European certification bodies initiated a JOULE project to harmonise the certification procedure on the basis of the current set of IEC/EN 61400 series standards. The paper presents a review of the state of the art of wind turbine certification in European countries and an outline of the sturcture of the project. The main steps of the project are (a) the collection of differences in certification practices by round robin certification of three wind turbine types; (b) assessment of the different certification results and (c) the development of a harmonised certification procedure. (au) EU-JOULE-3. 19 refs.

  13. National Certification Standard for Ground Source Heat Pump Personnel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelly, John [Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium

    2013-07-31

    The National Certification Standard for the Geothermal Heat Pump Industry adds to the understanding of the barriers to rapid growth of the geothermal heat pump (GHP) industry by bringing together for the first time an analysis of the roles and responsibilities of each of the individual job tasks involved in the design and installation of GHP systems. The standard addresses applicable qualifications for all primary personnel involved in the design, installation, commissioning, operation and maintenance of GHP systems, including their knowledge, skills and abilities. The resulting standard serves as a foundation for subsequent development of curriculum, training and certification programs, which are not included in the scope of this project, but are briefly addressed in the standard to describe ways in which the standard developed in this project may form a foundation to support further progress in accomplishing those other efforts. Follow-on efforts may use the standard developed in this project to improve the technical effectiveness and economic feasibility of curriculum development and training programs for GHP industry personnel, by providing a more complete and objective assessment of the individual job tasks necessary for successful implementation of GHP systems. When incorporated into future certification programs for GHP personnel, the standard will facilitate increased consumer confidence in GHP technology, reduce the potential for improperly installed GHP systems, and assure GHP system quality and performance, all of which benefit the public through improved energy efficiency and mitigated environmental impacts of the heating and cooling of homes and businesses.

  14. How Consumers use Gift Certificates

    OpenAIRE

    Felso, Flora; Adriaan R. Soetevent

    2012-01-01

    This discussion paper resulted in the article Broad and Narrow Bracketing in Gift Certificate Spending in the 'European Economic Review' (2014). Volume 66, pages 284-302. We survey 1,050 consumers who have just redeemed one or more open loop gift certicates to learn whether they view gift certicate income, cash gifts and non-gift income as substitutes. We find that the majority (83%) of recipients spends the certicates in the same way as cash. The other respondents (17%) bought an item they w...

  15. Directory of certificates of compliance for radioactive materials packages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory contains a Report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Approved Packages (Volume 1), Certificates of Compliance (Volume 2), and a Report of NRC Approved Quality Assurance Programs (Volume 3), for Radioactive Materials Packages effective October 1, 1992. The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packaging which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the front of Volumes 1 and 2. A listing by packaging types is included in the back of Volume 2. An alphabetical listing by Company name is included in the back of Volume 3 for approved QA programs. The reports include a listing of all users of each package-design and approved QA programs prior to the publication date of the directory

  16. Directory of Certificates of Compliance for Radioactive Materials Packages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory contains a Report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Approved Packages (Volume 1), Certificates of Compliance (Volume 2), and a Report of NRC Approved Quality Assurance Programs (Volume 3), for Radioactive Materials Packages effective October 1, 1992. The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packaging which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the front of Volumes 1 and 2. A listing by packaging types is included in the back of Volume 2. An alphabetical listing by Company name is included in the back of Volume 3 for approved QA programs. The reports include a listing of all users of each package-design and approved QA programs prior to the publication date of the directory

  17. Quality assurance and risk management: Perspectives on Human Factors Certification of Advanced Aviation Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Robert M.; Macleod, Iain S.

    1994-01-01

    This paper is based on the experience of engineering psychologists advising the U.K. Ministry of Defense (MoD) on the procurement of advanced aviation systems that conform to good human engineering (HE) practice. Traditional approaches to HE in systems procurement focus on the physical nature of the human-machine interface. Advanced aviation systems present increasingly complex design requirements for human functional integration, information processing, and cognitive task performance effectiveness. These developing requirements present new challenges for HE quality assurance (QA) and risk management, requiring focus on design processes as well as on design content or product. A new approach to the application of HE, recently adopted by NATO, provides more systematic ordering and control of HE processes and activities to meet the challenges of advanced aircrew systems design. This systematic approach to HE has been applied by MoD to the procurement of mission systems for the Royal Navy Merlin helicopter. In MoD procurement, certification is a judicial function, essentially independent of the service customer and industry contractor. Certification decisions are based on advice from MoD's appointed Acceptance Agency. Test and evaluation (T&E) conducted by the contractor and by the Acceptance Agency provide evidence for certification. Certification identifies limitations of systems upon release to the service. Evidence of compliance with HE standards traditionally forms the main basis of HE certification and significant non-compliance could restrict release. The systems HE approach shows concern for the quality of processes as well as for the content of the product. Human factors certification should be concerned with the quality of HE processes as well as products. Certification should require proof of process as well as proof of content and performance. QA criteria such as completeness, consistency, timeliness, and compatibility provide generic guidelines for

  18. 7 CFR 1570.1100 - Drawback certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE EXPORT BONUS PROGRAMS SOAP and COAP Drawback Certification § 1570.1100 Drawback certification. An offer submitted by an exporter to FAS for an export bonus under the SOAP or the COAP must...: “None of the eligible commodity (sunflowerseed oil and/or cottonseed oil) has been or will be used...

  19. Brief Introduction to Compulsory Product Certification System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ What is Compulsory Product Certification System? Compulsory Product Certification System is a kind of product qualifying assessment system which implements under laws and regulations by states in order to protect life security of human, animals and plants as well as environmental protection and national security.

  20. 49 CFR 178.338-19 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Certifying Engineer, and the Registered Inspector, as appropriate, must appear on the certificates (see... manufactured in two or more stages, each manufacturer who performs a manufacturing operation on the incomplete... certificate must be signed by an official of the manufacturing firm responsible for the portion of...

  1. 14 CFR 63.13 - Temporary certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Temporary certificate. 63.13 Section 63.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN... his application and supplementary documents and the issue of the certificate for which he applied....

  2. 14 CFR 65.13 - Temporary certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Temporary certificate. 65.13 Section 65.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN... review of his application and supplementary documents and the issue of the certificate and ratings...

  3. Is Halal Certification Process “Green”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Rizal Razalli

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available These days, the environmental perspective on operations is becoming more common. In fact, any effort in improving efficiency in the organization is closely related to sustainability of our environment. The Environmental Management System (EMS certification such as ISO 14001 has been accepted as the world standard. In addition to these ISO standards, there are other certifications such as Halal certification. There is no research that investigates the relationship between Halal Certification process and its effect on our environment. Hence, our main research question is that is Halal Certification process can be considered as environmental friendly? In this paper, we argue that Halal Certification also contributes towards green initiatives. We used EDC-UUM as our case study. EDC-UUM is actively seeking the Halal certification from Malaysian authority agency or JAKIM. In this study, we assessed the perception of the EDC-UUM staff on the issue of going green. The findings and implications are discussed in the paper. Keywords: halal certification, hotel operations, sustainability, green

  4. 29 CFR 570.121 - Age certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as Amended Oppressive Child Labor § 570.121 Age... person is above the oppressive child labor age.” An age certificate is a statement of a minor's age... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Age certificates. 570.121 Section 570.121 Labor...

  5. 15 CFR 996.22 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... products; and conveys no automatic, direct or indirect NOAA endorsement of any product or service. (c... NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES Certification of a Hydrographic Product and Decertification. § 996.22 Certification. (a) A hydrographic product that has passed the compliance tests...

  6. Assessment Benchmarks for an Alternative Certification Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denton, Jon; Davis, Trina; Smith, Ben; Beason, Lynn; Graham, Diane; Strader, Arlen

    2008-01-01

    The Accelerate Online/OPTIONS alternative certification program provides those possessing a degree an option leading to certification that can be completed in 18 months. The program consists of an online curriculum, an early field experience, and a year-long paid internship. To determine program effectiveness across five years, five benchmark…

  7. 12 CFR 619.9250 - Participation certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Participation certificates. 619.9250 Section 619.9250 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM DEFINITIONS § 619.9250 Participation certificates. Evidence of investment in a bank or association to which all the rights...

  8. 14 CFR 13.19 - Certificate action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certificate action. 13.19 Section 13.19... INVESTIGATIVE AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Legal Enforcement Actions § 13.19 Certificate action. (a) Under section... charges or other reasons upon which the Administrator bases the proposed action and, except in...

  9. 36 CFR 21.8 - Employee certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employee certification. 21.8 Section 21.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PARK; BATHHOUSE REGULATIONS § 21.8 Employee certification. (a) Employees engaged...

  10. 78 FR 28079 - Certificates of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-13

    ... on ``certificates of compliance,'' also referred to as ``certificates,'' on November 18, 2008 (73 FR... (76 FR 69482 and 76 FR 69546, respectively). The Testing Rule sets forth requirements for the testing... compliance (proposed Sec. 1110.11(a)(10)). Each requirement in the proposed rule is discussed below....

  11. 7 CFR 54.24 - Appeal certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... certificate and stating the class, grade, other quality, or compliance of the products as shown by the appeal... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) MEATS, PREPARED MEATS, AND MEAT PRODUCTS (GRADING, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) Regulations Appeal Service § 54.24...

  12. A Study To Determine Acceptable Curriculum Guidelines for Earning an ESE Culinary Arts Certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnarumma, Leopold J.

    This practicum involved designing a special program for a target group of 19 high school Exceptional Student Education students enrolled in a culinary arts vocational program to build and maintain basic culinary arts skills. The program, intended to enable them to qualify for the Florida culinary arts completion certificate, was designed by the…

  13. A promising market for green certificates emerges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmentally friendly Norwegian electric energy is potentially more valuable than indicated by the energy price as such. Renewable energy certificates, or green certificates, may make the added value become apparent. In Sweden, a recent implementation of a law on electric energy originated a compulsory market for green certificates. This is an important step towards meeting the EU RES-Directive. In Norway, the government in its white paper on the use of natural gas proposed to follow the development of a possible international certificate market. The parliamentary assembly, however, called for the government to take an initiative to establish a joint Swedish/Norwegian compulsory green certificate market, which might be coordinated with an international market. The article recommends that Norwegian actors who want to be prepared for such a market should study the Swedish system, which is then described

  14. Survey of light-water-reactor designs to be offered in the United States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ORNL has conducted a Nuclear Power Options Viability Study for the Department of Energy. That study is primarily concerned with new technology which could be developed for initial operation in the 2000 to 2010 time frame. Such technology would have to compete not only with coal options but with incrementally improved commercial light-water-reactors. This survey reported here was undertaken to gain an understanding of the nuclear commercial technology likely to be offered in the late 1980s and perhaps beyond. The three US vendors actively marketing NSSSs are each developing a product for the future which they expect to be more reliable, more maintainable, more economical, and safer than the present plants. These are all essentially 3800-MW(t) designs, although all are studying smaller plants. They apparently will be off offered as standard prelicensed designs with much larger scope than earlier NSSS offerings, with the possibility of firm prices. Westinghouse with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries is developing a completely new design (APWR) to be built initially in Japan, hopefully for operation by the mid-1990s. Westinghouse is making a strong effort to have the APWR licensed in the US as a standard plant. Combustion Engineering (C-E) is evaluating potential improvements to the System-80 standard design (CESSAR) that has already received final design approval by the NRC. General Electric (GE), with Hitachi and Toshiba, is developing a new design (ABWR) that incorporates advanced features which have been proven by the worldwide BWR suppliers. The ABWR is to be built initially in Japan, but the design could be adapted to the United States. Westinghouse, C-E, and GE have done some conceptual evaluation of reactors in the 600-MW(e) class. The Westinghouse concept is a two-loop plant intended for factory assembly in a shipyard and delivery to a site by barge. The GE concept is a modification of the ABWR with some additional passive safety features. 16 figs

  15. 设计保证体系建设和审查的专题研究之一--各国局方对设计保证体系的审定政策要求解析%Design Assurance System Developing and Audit-Various National Authorities Certification Policy Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾少澎; 朱宁文; 谈心刚; 曹继军; 陈玉英

    2015-01-01

    对国内外适航当局对设计保证的政策法规要求和主流企业实施设计保证体系的情况进行了广泛调研和深入研究,对国际上四个主流适航当局( EASA、TCCA、FAA、CAAC)对设计保证体系要求的由来、实施背景、政策要求、与工业界的关系及未来发展趋势进行了详细分析,为我国制订相关设计保证政策、设计保证体系的建设和审查、以及国际间的协调和适航审定提供了有益的参考。%This dissertation is based on the broad collection, deep investigation and research of the policy and regulation of design assurance of international main airworthiness authorities and the implementation status of design assurance systems of main aircraft manufacturers. It illustrates a comprehensive analysis with scope from the design assurance origin, background, current policy requirements of airworthiness authorities from four main influential airworthiness authorities including EASA, TCCA, FAA and CAAC, to the interaction relationship with industry manufacturers, as well as the future development trends for the design assurance system. It brings a beneficial ref-erence for Chinese airworthiness authority and aerospace industry manufacturers developing related design assurance policy, developing and review design assurance system, and carrying out international certification policy coordina-tion.

  16. Certification Considerations for Adaptive Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharyya, Siddhartha; Cofer, Darren; Musliner, David J.; Mueller, Joseph; Engstrom, Eric

    2015-01-01

    Advanced capabilities planned for the next generation of aircraft, including those that will operate within the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen), will necessarily include complex new algorithms and non-traditional software elements. These aircraft will likely incorporate adaptive control algorithms that will provide enhanced safety, autonomy, and robustness during adverse conditions. Unmanned aircraft will operate alongside manned aircraft in the National Airspace (NAS), with intelligent software performing the high-level decision-making functions normally performed by human pilots. Even human-piloted aircraft will necessarily include more autonomy. However, there are serious barriers to the deployment of new capabilities, especially for those based upon software including adaptive control (AC) and artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms. Current civil aviation certification processes are based on the idea that the correct behavior of a system must be completely specified and verified prior to operation. This report by Rockwell Collins and SIFT documents our comprehensive study of the state of the art in intelligent and adaptive algorithms for the civil aviation domain, categorizing the approaches used and identifying gaps and challenges associated with certification of each approach.

  17. The American Board of Radiology Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Program in Radiologic Physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance of Certification (MOC) recognizes that in addition to medical knowledge, several essential elements involved in delivering quality care must be developed and maintained throughout one's career. The MOC process is designed to facilitate and document the professional development of each diplomate of The American Board of Radiology (ABR) through its focus on the essential elements of quality care in Diagnostic Radiology and its subspecialties, and in the specialties of Radiation Oncology and Radiologic Physics. The initial elements of the ABR-MOC have been developed in accord with guidelines of The American Board of Medical Specialties. All diplomates with a ten-year, time-limited primary certificate in Diagnostic Radiologic Physics, Therapeutic Radiologic Physics, or Medical Nuclear Physics who wish to maintain certification must successfully complete the requirements of the appropriate ABR-MOC program for their specialty. Holders of multiple certificates must meet ABR-MOC requirements specific to the certificates held. Diplomates with lifelong certificates are not required to participate in the MOC, but are strongly encouraged to do so. MOC is based on documentation of individual participation in the four components of MOC: (1) professional standing, (2) lifelong learning and self-assessment, (3) cognitive expertise, and (4) performance in practice. Within these components, MOC addresses six competencies: medical knowledge, patient care, interpersonal and communication skills, professionalism, practice-based learning and improvement, and systems-based practice

  18. A Web-based Collaborative System Framework for Green Building Certification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jack C.P. Cheng

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The built environment is moving towards sustainable development and the number of green buildings increased worldwide in recent years. Green buildings are environmentally, socially and economically desirable; however the certification of green buildings is often expensive and labor-intensive. The document preparation and review process for green building certification is iterative in nature and requires the collaboration of many project participants, certification organizations and third party engineering consultants. This paper aims at developing a system framework that can assist the green building certification process. Different certification standards have been studied and their scope and credit calculation were compared to understand the requirements of the system framework. Based on the study, the required features were designed as follows, (1 role-based access control, (2 document manager and related document discovery, (3 workflow manager, (4 credit manager, and (5 knowledge manager. The features of the system provide a collaborative environment and reduce repetitive works commonly occurring in manual processes. The features of the system framework are discussed and illustrated considering the Hong Kong BEAM Plus standard. This paper also describes how the system framework enhances collaboration in the certification process

  19. Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Volf, Mette

    2009-01-01

    Design - proces og metode går bag om designerens arbejde og giver et indblik i den skabelsesproces, som designeren er involveret i. Bogen er enestående, fordi den fokuserer på processens flygtige og komplekse karakter, afmystificerer den og gør den operationel - uden at fjerne dens magi. Ud over at...

  20. Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchanan, Richard; Cross, Nigel; Durling, David; Nelson, Harold; Owen, Charles; Valtonen, Anna; Boling, Elizabeth; Gibbons, Andrew; Visscher-Voerman, Irene

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of design were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Richard Buchanan, Nigel Cross, David Durling, Harold Nelson, Charles Owen, and Anna Valtonen. Scholars…

  1. Certification challenges in the development of an innovative high payload capacity spent fuel transportation cask

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design approach and certification strategy used in the development of an innovative transportation cask for legal weight truck shipments of spent nuclear fuel is presented. The proposed approach represents a significant departure from conventional cask designs in that it uses titanium alloy, a material with a high strength-to-weight ratio which has no precedent in transportation cask certification. The significant increase in payload obtainable with the proposed approach, and the associated benefits such as reduced life cycle costs, lower personnel exposure, and lower transportation accident risks are discussed. 8 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab

  2. School-Based Initial Vocational Education in the Republic of Ireland: The Parity of Esteem and Fitness for Purpose of the Leaving Certificate Applied

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleeson, Jim; O'Flaherty, Joanne

    2013-01-01

    The Irish Leaving Certificate Applied (LCA) is a school-based, pre-vocational alternative to the "high stakes" established Leaving Certificate. Its origins lie in European Union funded "school to work" initiatives and it is currently taken to completion by some 5% of Irish senior cycle students. Since it was designed 20 years…

  3. On certificates and lookahead in dynamic graph problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khanna, S.; Motwani, R. [Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Wilson, R.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1995-05-05

    Recent work in dynamic graph algorithms has led to efficient algorithms for dynamic undirected graph problems such as connectivity. However, no efficient algorithms are known for the dynamic versions of fundamental directed graph problems like strong connectivity and transitive closure, as well as some undirected graph problems such as maximum matchings and cuts. We provide some explanation for this lack of success by presenting quadratic lower bounds on the certificate complexity of the seemingly difficult problems, in contrast to the known linear certificate complexity for the problems which have efficient dynamic algorithms. A direct outcome of our lower bounds is the demonstration that a generic technique for designing efficient dynamic graph algorithms, viz., sparsification, will not apply to the difficult problems. More generally, it is our belief that the boundary between tractable and intractable dynamic graph problems can be demarcated in terms of certificate complexity. In many applications of dynamic (di)graph problems, a certain form of lookahead is available. Specifically, we consider the problems of assembly planning in robotics and the maintenance of relations in databases. These give rise to dynamic strong connectivity and dynamic transitive closure problems, respectively. We explain why it is reasonable, and indeed natural and desirable, to assume that lookahead is available in these two applications. Exploiting lookahead to circumvent their inherent complexity, we obtain efficient fully-dynamic algorithms for strong connectivity and transitive closure.

  4. Social and Environmental Impacts of Forest Management Certification in Indonesia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela A Miteva

    Full Text Available In response to unsustainable timber production in tropical forest concessions, voluntary forest management certification programs such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC have been introduced to improve environmental, social, and economic performance over existing management practices. However, despite the proliferation of forest certification over the past two decades, few studies have evaluated its effectiveness. Using temporally and spatially explicit village-level data on environmental and socio-economic indicators in Kalimantan (Indonesia, we evaluate the performance of the FSC-certified timber concessions compared to non-certified logging concessions. Employing triple difference matching estimators, we find that between 2000 and 2008 FSC reduced aggregate deforestation by 5 percentage points and the incidence of air pollution by 31%. It had no statistically significant impacts on fire incidence or core areas, but increased forest perforation by 4 km2 on average. In addition, we find that FSC reduced firewood dependence (by 33%, respiratory infections (by 32% and malnutrition (by 1 person on average. By conducting a rigorous statistical evaluation of FSC certification in a biodiversity hotspot such as Indonesia, we provide a reference point and offer methodological and data lessons that could aid the design of ongoing and future evaluations of a potentially critical conservation policy.

  5. Social and Environmental Impacts of Forest Management Certification in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miteva, Daniela A; Loucks, Colby J; Pattanayak, Subhrendu K

    2015-01-01

    In response to unsustainable timber production in tropical forest concessions, voluntary forest management certification programs such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) have been introduced to improve environmental, social, and economic performance over existing management practices. However, despite the proliferation of forest certification over the past two decades, few studies have evaluated its effectiveness. Using temporally and spatially explicit village-level data on environmental and socio-economic indicators in Kalimantan (Indonesia), we evaluate the performance of the FSC-certified timber concessions compared to non-certified logging concessions. Employing triple difference matching estimators, we find that between 2000 and 2008 FSC reduced aggregate deforestation by 5 percentage points and the incidence of air pollution by 31%. It had no statistically significant impacts on fire incidence or core areas, but increased forest perforation by 4 km2 on average. In addition, we find that FSC reduced firewood dependence (by 33%), respiratory infections (by 32%) and malnutrition (by 1 person) on average. By conducting a rigorous statistical evaluation of FSC certification in a biodiversity hotspot such as Indonesia, we provide a reference point and offer methodological and data lessons that could aid the design of ongoing and future evaluations of a potentially critical conservation policy. PMID:26132491

  6. Modeling of a green certificate market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper considers one of the economic mechanisms, stimulating the introduction of renewable energy sources (RES) - a green certificate market. A mathematical model was developed to describe a supply and demand balance in the electricity and green certificate markets simultaneously. The sellers of certificates are RES owners, who obtain certificates for each unit of electricity produced, and the buyers are consumers, who are obliged by law to buy a certain share of this electricity. Equilibrium structures of the power system including RES with stochastic operation conditions are calculated. The prices of electricity and certificates, as well as the total economic effect of the system are determined taking into account external costs (environmental damages). The paper shows that a mechanism of green certificates is not an ideal means for minimizing the impact of energy on the environment: the economic effect turns out to be smaller than the maximum possible one. However, this deviation is relatively small, therefore the green certificate market allows the external effects to be partially taken into account. Such a market creates incentives for investors, electricity producers and consumers to make power sources mix, modes of electricity production and consumption closer to the optimum ones in terms of the economy as a whole. (author)

  7. 29 CFR 530.102 - Requests for employer certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requests for employer certificates. 530.102 Section 530.102... EMPLOYMENT OF HOMEWORKERS IN CERTAIN INDUSTRIES Homeworker Employer Certificates § 530.102 Requests for employer certificates. The initial request for certification or renewal application shall be signed by...

  8. 75 FR 70871 - Photo Requirements for Pilot Certificates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-19

    ... should the FAA implement to ensure a high level of confidence in the verification process? (2) Should the... (excepting temporary certificates and student pilot certificates). This proposal furthers the fulfillment of... require student pilots to obtain a plastic certificate with photo. Student pilot certificates would...

  9. National Board Certification: It's Time for Preschool Teachers!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillentine, Jonathan

    2010-01-01

    National Board Certification is a voluntary process by which teachers of students ages 3 through 18 demonstrate accomplished teaching. This article describes the process and certification requirements for one certificate--the Early Childhood/Generalist (ECG), for teachers of children ages 3 through 8. The National Board Certification process was…

  10. 9 CFR 151.5 - Alteration of pedigree certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Alteration of pedigree certificate. 151.5 Section 151.5 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... Certification of Purebred Animals § 151.5 Alteration of pedigree certificate. No pedigree certificate which...

  11. 21 CFR 80.38 - Treatment of batch after certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Treatment of batch after certification. 80.38... COLOR ADDITIVE CERTIFICATION Certification Procedures § 80.38 Treatment of batch after certification. (a) Immediately upon notification that a batch of color additive has been certified, the person...

  12. 22 CFR 92.16 - Sealing the notarial certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... General Notarial Procedures § 92.16 Sealing the notarial certificate. The notarizing officer should seal a notarial certificate with the impression seal of the post on the lower left-hand side of the certificate. A... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sealing the notarial certificate. 92.16...

  13. 24 CFR 200.162 - Certificates of claim.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Claims for Losses § 200.162 Certificates of claim. The certificate of claim issued to the mortgagee at... its investment in a particular property any excess over and above such investment is available for payment on the certificate of claim. Certificates of claim bear interest at the rate of 3 percent...

  14. 46 CFR 107.409 - Safety Construction Certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Safety Construction Certificate. 107.409 Section 107.409... § 107.409 Safety Construction Certificate. (a) Application for a Safety Construction Certificate is made... international voyages a Safety Construction Certificate if the unit meets the requirements in Regulation 12...

  15. 46 CFR 176.310 - Certification Expiration Date Stickers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Expiration Date Stickers. 176.310 Section... Letters § 176.310 Certification Expiration Date Stickers. (a) A Certification Expiration Date Sticker... operated without a valid Certification Expiration Date Sticker affixed to the vessel on a place that is:...

  16. 29 CFR 570.12 - Revoked certificates of age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Revoked certificates of age. 570.12 Section 570.12 Labor... REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS OF INTERPRETATION Certificates of Age § 570.12 Revoked certificates of age. A certificate which has been revoked as proof of age under the Act shall be of no force and...

  17. 15 CFR 325.10 - Modifying or revoking a certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Modifying or revoking a certificate... CERTIFICATES OF REVIEW § 325.10 Modifying or revoking a certificate. (a) Action subject to modification or revocation. The Secretary shall revoke a certificate, in whole or in part, or modify it, as the Secretary...

  18. National Board Certification as Professional Development: What Are Teachers Learning?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Lustick

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards’ (NBPTS assessment process in order to identify, quantify, and substantiate learning outcomes from the participants. One hundred and twenty candidates for the Adolescent and Young Adult Science (AYA Science Certificate were studied over a two-year period using the recurrent institutional cycle research design. This quasi-experimental methodology allowed for the collection of both cross-sectional and longitudinal data insuring a good measure of internal validity regarding observed changes between individual and across group means. Transcripts of structured interviews with each teacher were scored by multiple assessors according to the 13 standards of NBPTS’ framework for accomplished science teaching. These scores provided the quantitative evidence of teacher learning in this study. Significant pre-intervention to post-intervention changes to these individual and group means are reported as learning outcomes from the assessment process. Findings suggest that the intervention had significant impact upon candidates’ understanding of knowledge associated with science teaching with an overall effect size of 0.47. Standards associated with greatest gains include Scientific Inquiry and Assessment. The results support the claim that the certification process is an effective standards based professional learning opportunity comparable to other human improvement interventions from related domains. Drawing on qualitative data, we also explore three possible implications of teacher learning outcomes from certification upon classroom practice identified as Dynamic, Technical, and Deferred. These patterns suggest that more than one kind of learning may be taking place in relation to board certification. The discussion then considers the importance of this study for policy making and science teaching communities.

  19. Qualification and certification in NDT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ruane-TATI Sdn Bhd was the first accredited training centre in Asia approved by The British Institute of Non Destructive Testing (BINDT) as per EN 473, ISO 9712 and EN 45013 requirements. Meanwhile, Ruane-TATI is also accredited by National Vocational Training Center ( MLVK ).This mean that Ruane-TATI is the first training and examination center that accredited by both international and national bodies in providing quality , qualification and certification for comprehensive training and examination in Inspection and Non Destructive Testing (NDT). There are several NDT examinations scheme available in Malaysia due to differences requirement from the industrials. This has put the difficulties to services company in upgrading their NDT technician qualifications. The intention of this paper is to discuss the basic different among the NDT examinations scheme used in Malaysia ( mostly offered by Ruane-TATI ) and the development of certain schemes in covering their schemes to more sectors and NDT methods. (Author)

  20. White certificate: how to launch the system?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    White certificates are a supple and suitable economical system for the quest of diffuse energy saving. It relies on the energy distribution networks and is complementary to other existing system (fiscality, regulation, etc). It is an open system, based on a market logics in order to make energy savings where they are the less costly. This document gathers the synthesis of the conference about white certificates, held in Paris in October 2005, the presentations (transparencies) given by J. Percebois (Creden) about the French system of energy savings and by P. Guyonnet (ATEE) about the way to launch the system of white certificates. The debate with the audience is also reported. (J.S.)

  1. OHS Certification as Tool and Strategy in Labour Inspection:Interaction between certification and regulation

    OpenAIRE

    Hendriksen, Kåre

    2010-01-01

    Certification of Occupational Health and Safety as Tool and Strategy in Labour Inspection Presentation of the project Certification of Occupational Health and Safety as Tool and Strategy in Labour Inspection financed by Nordic Council of Ministers. The project has analysed the new role of occupational health and safety certifications in the Nordic countries as a result of the adaptation of regulatory practices to global market conditions. This implies a successive change from focussing on ins...

  2. From certification outcomes to certification processes: Demand, supply and adoption of eco certification along the natural rubber supply chain

    OpenAIRE

    Kennedy, Sean F.

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, issues associated with natural rubber production have gained visibility and a number of industry stakeholders across a range of rubber submarkets have started to adopt forms of eco-certification and labeling in response to a growing market for certified rubber products. While encouraging, the disparate nature of rubber certification efforts across an already highly fragmented industry makes it difficult to determine the alignment between claims to address environmental and so...

  3. Certification testing of the MOX Fresh Fuel Package (MFFP)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Packaging Technology, Inc. (PacTec) is designing the MFFP as part of the Duke, COGEMA, Stone and Webster (DCS) consortium. DCS is tasked with providing the Department of Energy (DOE) with domestic MOX fuel fabrication and reactor irradiation services for the purpose of disposing of surplus weapons usable plutonium. This paper will discuss the development of the MFFP certification test program. The MFFP was subjected to a total of eleven free and puncture drops of the course of the certification testing. Because of the plutonium content, the design must be a Type BF, which among other things requires a containment boundary with a tested leakage rate of 1 x 10-7 cm3/s air at 1 atm absolute and 25 C, or less. Both economics (desire for maximized payload) and operational (conveyance mode restricts size and weight) constraints lead to a highly optimized design. The optimized package design led to a significant test program which needed to address the containment boundary stability, puncture resistance of the package and lid end impact limiter, structural performance of the light weight lid structure, and stability of the internal structures. The test program efficiently balanced the test objectives while minimizing the number of costly hardware items used during this destructive testing. This balance achieved by strategic replacement of mock and prototypic payloads, impact limiters, and by careful test order considerations. The paper will conclude with a selected summary of the testing and an assessment of the test programs thoroughness

  4. [The medical certificate--contents, form, deficiencies, fees].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, E

    1996-02-01

    The medical certificate ist a written health certificate based on the results of a medical diagnosis or examination. It does not contain scientifically base conclusions. The various forms of the certificate can be, for example, certificates of unfitness for work, certificates for insurance companies, certificates for exemption from school sports, diet certificates for tax returns, confirmation of a stable diabetes condition for driving licence authorities, certificates as proof of unfitness to plead in the process of criminal law. It is an offence (section 278 German Penal Code) to issue false health certificates for use with a public authority or insurance company contrary to one's knowledge. The form of some certificates is free, in some cases forms are used. "Standard form certificates" for insurance company are extended certificates. Certificates, especially free-form certificates, often have deficiencies: the purpose or addressee is not quoted; the date of the examination has not been entered; it is not apparent whether the statement is based on objective results; "catchword" like diagnostic terms are used: the necessary form ist not adhered to. The "Law concerning Compensation for Witnesses and Experts" (ZSEG) and the Scale of Medical Fees (GOA) set the standards for assessing the fee for a certificate. PMID:8852073

  5. 48 CFR 1609.471 - Contractor certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... preceding this certification, been convicted of or had a civil judgment rendered against them for... render the Carrier subject to prosecution under section 1001, title 18, United States Code. (c)...

  6. Hanford Site Transuranic (TRU) Waste Certification Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    GREAGER, T.M.

    1999-09-09

    The Hanford Site Transuranic Waste Certification Plan establishes the programmatic framework and criteria within which the Hanford Site ensures that contract-handled TRU wastes can be certified as compliant with the WIPP WAC and TRUPACT-II SARP.

  7. Licensing and Certification District Offices, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This data contains a list of California Licensing and Certification District Offices. The California Department of Public Health, Center for Health Care Quality,...

  8. Hanford Site Transuranic (TRU) Waste Certification Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    GREAGER, T.M.

    1999-12-14

    The Hanford Site Transuranic Waste Certification Plan establishes the programmatic framework and criteria with in which the Hanford Site ensures that contract-handled TRU wastes can be certified as compliant with the WIPP WAC and TRUPACT-II SARP.

  9. Green certificates, a tool for market development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To achieve a place for renewable energy the Government of the Netherlands has followed a market oriented approach. In view of the rapidly emerging liberalized energy market the government followed an approach with both support to producers and a demand-driven approach. With a fully liberalized market for green electricity with free consumer choice and the tradable certificate for renewable energy a market has been developed. In view of the slow domestic growth in production a new support mechanism was introduced called the environmental quality of power production (MEP) for renewable electricity in the Netherlands in 2003. This paper evaluates the market development over the last years with the green certificate system and the rapid growing market of green electricity. In 2004 the green certificate is EU-wide replaced by the Certificate of Origin. (author)

  10. 40 CFR 86.1848-10 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Provisions for Control of Air Pollution From New and In-Use Light-Duty Vehicles, Light-Duty Trucks, and... incomplete light-duty trucks and incomplete heavy-duty vehicles, a certificate covers only those new...

  11. Reliable quantum certification of photonic state preparations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aolita, Leandro; Gogolin, Christian; Kliesch, Martin; Eisert, Jens

    2015-01-01

    Quantum technologies promise a variety of exciting applications. Even though impressive progress has been achieved recently, a major bottleneck currently is the lack of practical certification techniques. The challenge consists of ensuring that classically intractable quantum devices perform as expected. Here we present an experimentally friendly and reliable certification tool for photonic quantum technologies: an efficient certification test for experimental preparations of multimode pure Gaussian states, pure non-Gaussian states generated by linear-optical circuits with Fock-basis states of constant boson number as inputs, and pure states generated from the latter class by post-selecting with Fock-basis measurements on ancillary modes. Only classical computing capabilities and homodyne or hetorodyne detection are required. Minimal assumptions are made on the noise or experimental capabilities of the preparation. The method constitutes a step forward in many-body quantum certification, which is ultimately about testing quantum mechanics at large scales. PMID:26577800

  12. Capital Region Awards 22 Natural Resource certificates

    OpenAIRE

    Davis, Lynn

    2004-01-01

    Virginia Tech's College of Natural Resources in the Capital Region awarded 22 students a Certificate of Graduate Study in Natural Resources in a special ceremony recently at the Tower Club in Vienna, Va.

  13. Hanford Site Transuranic (TRU) Waste Certification Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Hanford Site Transuranic Waste Certification Plan establishes the programmatic framework and criteria within which the Hanford Site ensures that contract-handled TRU wastes can be certified as compliant with the WIPP WAC and TRUPACT-II SARP

  14. Hanford Site Transuranic (TRU) Waste Certification Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Hanford Site Transuranic Waste Certification Plan establishes the programmatic framework and criteria with in which the Hanford Site ensures that contract-handled TRU wastes can be certified as compliant with the WIPP WAC and TRUPACT-II SARP

  15. Fissionable material handlers certification training program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A formal program for certification of fissionable material handlers is presented that cultivates safe working practices. This certification complies with the training requirements of the Department of Energy Directive 0530 (ERDA Manual Chapter 0530), Nuclear Criticality Safety. The program consists of a series of classroom lectures, on-the-job training, and examinations in criticality safety, radiation protection, industrial safety, emergency procedures, and the employee's specific work operations. The program for recertification is also discussed

  16. Use of death certificates for mesothelioma surveillance.

    OpenAIRE

    L K Davis; Martin, T R; Kligler, B

    1992-01-01

    Data from the Massachusetts Cancer Registry and death certificates were linked for mesothelioma cases reported to the registry from 1982 through 1987 to determine the extent to which the cause of death information that is given on the death certificate is useful in identifying mesothelioma cases for disease surveillance. Only 12 percent of all persons reported with mesothelioma who had died were detected using underlying cause of death codes for cancers of the peritoneum and pleura, which are...

  17. The Inconvenient Truth about Web Certificates

    OpenAIRE

    Vratonjic, Nevena; Freudiger, Julien; Bindschaedler, Vincent; Hubaux, Jean-Pierre

    2011-01-01

    HTTPS is the de facto standard for securing Internet communications. Although it is widely deployed, the security provided with HTTPS in practice is dubious. HTTPS may fail to provide security for multiple reasons, mostly due to certificate-based authentication failures. Given the importance of HTTPS, we investigate the current scale and practices of HTTPS and certificate-based deployment. We provide a large-scale empirical analysis that considers the top one million most popular websites. Ou...

  18. Financial benefits of an ISO 9001 certification

    OpenAIRE

    Ari Hróbjartsson 1983

    2012-01-01

    Several companies in Iceland have received ISO 9001 certification in recent years. It has been researched qualitatively whether there is a financial benefit from getting ISO 9001 certification in Iceland but it has never been researched quantitatively. In this research all ISO 9001 certified companies that were operating in a competitive market in Iceland were compared to similar companies in an effort to find out if there was a financial benefit from becoming ISO 9001 certified. The result o...

  19. 29 CFR 570.7 - Documentary evidence required for issuance of a certificate of age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... to be required in the order of preference herein designated: (1) A birth certificate or attested transcript thereof or a signed statement of the recorded date and place of birth, issued by a registrar of... attested transcript thereof showing the date and place of birth and date and place of baptism of the...

  20. An evaluation framework for pre-distribution strategies of certificates in VANETs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feiri, Michael; Petit, Jonathan; Kargl, Frank

    2014-01-01

    Security and privacy in vehicular communication are expected to be ensured by the pervasive use of pseudonymous certificates and signed messages. The design and establishment of necessary public key infrastructure and hierarchies of cer- tificate authorities is ongoing in industry consortia, such as

  1. Predicting Success in Teacher Certification Testing: The Role of Academic Help Seeking

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Marie C.

    2011-01-01

    This study was designed to identify the help seeking behaviors of preservice teachers who are at risk for failure of state certification examinations through use of a scale adapted to the arena of teacher education, the Preservice Teacher Help Seeking Scales (PTHSS). In the past, self-report measures of help seeking behavior patterns have been…

  2. 77 FR 60096 - Adding International Energy Efficiency (IEE) Certificate to List of Certificates a Recognized...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 46 CFR Part 8 RIN 1625-AB90 Adding International Energy Efficiency (IEE) Certificate... Alternatives regulations to add the International Energy Efficiency (IEE) Certificate to the list of..., as modified by the Protocol of 1978, has been amended to address energy efficiency for ships,...

  3. Renewable Energy Certificate and Perform, Achieve, Trade mechanisms to enhance the energy security for India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Renewable Energy Certificate and Perform Achieve Trade mechanisms in India are designed to target energy generation and saving, respectively, in line with Clean Development Mechanism implemented by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Renewable Energy Certificate System is a voluntary regulation in India for renewable energy generators and is designed for effective implementation of inter-state transactions by introducing the Renewable Purchase Obligation regulation for consumers and a flexible trading platform for transactions across the country. Another initiative, the Perform Achieve Trade scheme, is an enhanced energy efficiency trading mechanism based on consumption targets that require large energy user sectors to improve efficiency by 1–2% per year. The Perform Achieve Trade programme has introduced mechanisms for the identification of industry sector, designated customer, specific energy consumption and target setting. The Perform Achieve Trade design issues are in test phase in the first cycle of the scheme which will run from 2012 to 2015. This paper discusses key design issues about boundary and target setting for Renewable Energy Certificate and Perform Achieve Trade energy saving certificate (ESCert) A data sharing and trading mechanism for Perform Achieve Trade is also proposed for review and coordination among regulator, designated consumers and traders in the market. - Highlights: ► Renewable Energy Certificate’ and ‘Perform Achieve Trade’ are energy certification programmes. ► REC and PAT programme implementation and the institutional network work are presented. ► The trading and communication network propose for possible linkage between REC, PAT and CDM. ► Independent associations in parallel with CERC and BEE are redefined for two tier review of scheme

  4. Radioisotope thermoelectric generator licensed hardware package and certification tests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the Licensed Hardware package and the Certification Test portions of the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator Transportation System. This package has been designed to meet those portions of the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR 71) relating to ''Type B'' shipments of radioactive materials. The detailed information for the anticipated license is presented in the safety analysis report for packaging, which is now in process and undergoing necessary reviews. As part of the licensing process, a full-size Certification Test Article unit, which has modifications slightly different than the Licensed Hardware or production shipping units, is used for testing. Dimensional checks of the Certification Test Article were made at the manufacturing facility. Leak testing and drop testing were done at the 300 Area of the US Department of Energy's Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. The hardware includes independent double containments to prevent the environmental spread of 238Pu, impact limiting devices to protect portions of the package from impacts, and thermal insulation to protect the seal areas from excess heat during accident conditions. The package also features electronic feed-throughs to monitor the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator's temperature inside the containment during the shipment cycle. This package is designed to safely dissipate the typical 4500 thermal watts produced in the largest Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators. The package also contains provisions to ensure leak tightness when radioactive materials, such as a Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator for the Cassini Mission, planned for 1997 by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, are being prepared for shipment. These provisions include test ports used in conjunction with helium mass spectrometers to determine seal leakage rates of each containment during the assembly process

  5. Certification of the Cessna 152 on 100% ethanol

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shauck, M.E.; Zanin, M.G.

    1997-12-31

    In June 1996, the Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center (RAFDC) at Baylor University in Waco, Texas, received a Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) for the use of 100% ethanol as a fuel for the Cessna 152, the most popular training aircraft in the world. This is the first certification granted by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for a non-petroleum fuel. Certification of an aircraft on a new fuel requires a certification of the engine followed by a certification of the airframe/engine combination. This paper will describe the FAA airframe certification procedure, the tests required and their outcome using ethanol as an aviation fuel in a Cessna 152.

  6. Proposed performance standards for the Agricultural Hazardous Occupations Order certification training program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, B F; Field, W E; Tormoehlen, R

    2007-07-01

    The performance standards that accompany Gearing Up for Safety, the agricultural production safety training curriculum for youth, were designed to meet the certification testing requirements of the Agricultural Hazardous Occupations Order (AgHOs) certification training program. The AgHOs requires that certain youth who are older than 13 and younger than 16 years of age complete a prescribed training program before being eligible for employment on farms to perform certain tasks considered hazardous. These training resources will be available for implementation and can be accessed by contacting the second author. To our knowledge, up until this time, few, if any, standardized testing procedures or instruments have had the necessary psychometric evidence to support use of the resulting scores to assess the readiness of youth to meet the basic certification requirements contained in the AgHOs. This article describes the rationale, methods, and key findings from a standard-setting session held to establish minimum passing scores for a proposed testing process. The test will be used as a component of the Gearing Up for Safety certification process for youth workers seeking employment to perform job functions as specified under the AgHOs. Readers may be able to apply this standardized testing process, or similarly accepted processes, to other or future testing and certification projects involving agricultural safety and health. PMID:17892071

  7. KSC Center Director Bridges accepts an ISO 9001 certification plaque from DNV

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Center Director Roy Bridges (right) displays the 2000th ISO Certificate Plaque he was given by Dalton Lyon (left) of Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Inc., an international ISO certification organization, at a ceremony at KSC. The plaque is a representation of the ISO 9001 certification awarded to KSC by DNV. ISO 9001 comprises the most detailed, comprehensive set of standard requirements for quality programs established by the International Standards Organization. The presentation followed a successful independent audit by DNV of the KSC Management System in May of this year. The third-party auditors examined about 20 elements of KSC's system, including management responsibility, design control, documentation, test and inspection, and corrective action procedures. DNV found that KSC met or exceeded the stringent quality standards in all areas. KSC will use this certification as a tool to improve an already world- class team. All NASA centers are required by NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin to be ISO 9001 registered by September 1999. NASA is the first federal agency to seek the quality certification.

  8. KSC Center Director Bridges addresses the audience at an ISO 9001 certification ceremony

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Center Director Roy Bridges speaks to KSC employees at the ISO certification ceremony held at the Training Auditorium. Bridges was presented an ISO 9001 certificate and plaque awarded to KSC by Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Inc., an international ISO certification organization. ISO 9001 comprises the most detailed, comprehensive set of standard requirements for quality programs established by the International Standards Organization. The presentation followed a successful independent audit by DNV of the KSC Management System in May of this year. The third-party auditors examined about 20 elements of KSC's system, including management responsibility, design control, documentation, test and inspection, and corrective action procedures. DNV found that KSC met or exceeded the stringent quality standards in all areas. KSC will use this certification as a tool to improve an already world- class team. All NASA centers are required by NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin to be ISO 9001 registered by September 1999. NASA is the first federal agency to seek the quality certification. Next to Bridges is Heidi Hollingsworth, with the Center for Independent Living, who uses American Sign Language for any hearing-impaired employees in the audience.

  9. KSC Center Director Bridges accepts an ISO 9001 certificate from DNV

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Center Director Roy Bridges displays the ISO 9001 certificate he was awarded by Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Inc., an international ISO certification organization, at a ceremony at KSC. Dalton Lyon of DNV made the presentation, which included a 2000th ISO Certificate Plaque. ISO 9001 comprises the most detailed, comprehensive set of standard requirements for quality programs established by the International Standards Organization. The presentation followed a successful independent audit by DNV of the KSC Management System in May of this year. The third-party auditors examined about 20 elements of KSC's system, including management responsibility, design control, documentation, test and inspection, and corrective action procedures. DNV found that KSC met or exceeded the stringent quality standards in all areas. KSC will use this certification as a tool to improve an already world-class team. All NASA centers are required by NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin to be ISO 9001 registered by September 1999. NASA is the first federal agency to seek the quality certification.

  10. 78 FR 64141 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Certificate of Housing Counseling...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... Collection: Certificate of Housing Counseling: Homeownership and Certificate of Housing Counseling: Home... Counseling: Homeownership and Certificate of Housing Counseling: Home Retention. OMB Approval Number: 2502... Information and Proposed Use: Counseling certificates will provide proof to lenders and other...

  11. ISO and software quality assurance - licensing and certification of software professionals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hare, J.; Rodin, L.

    1997-11-01

    This report contains viewgraphs on licensing and certifing of software professionals. Discussed in this report are: certification programs; licensing programs; why became certified; certification as a condition of empolyment; certification requirements; and examination structures.

  12. Using the market at a cost: How the introduction of green certificates in Sweden led to market inefficiencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper examines the transactions costs in the Swedish electricity retail market arising as a result of the implementation of a green certificate system. Since transaction costs cannot be measured directly, we analyze the margin between what the retailers pay for the certificates and what they charge the end-users for the certificate service. Our results highlight some costs of implementing new policy and the necessity of a careful regulatory design. We propose that the price transparency should be strengthened by, for example, shifting the quota obligation to the retailers and/or by including the pricing of the certificate-service in the end-user price of electricity. Furthermore, we restate the obvious fact that the number of policy instruments implemented in a particular market matters insofar that each and every policy will create transaction costs. (author)

  13. Experiences on ISO-14001 certification of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to minimize the environmental impact from developmental activities, nuclear industry has played a leading role in evolving proper and effective environmental management practices right from inception. A comprehensive radiation protection policy has been evolved for nuclear energy development. The unique design concepts of Indian Nuclear Power Plants i.e. Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs), offer certain intrinsic advantages with respect to safety both during normal operation and accident conditions. In addition, in the engineering design of nuclear power plant, safety is further enhanced considerably by providing double back-upped engineered safety systems. Recently, Nuclear Power Corporation of India [NPCIL] has taken a drive to develop and implement Environmental Management System (EMS) to all its operating stations in line with ISO-14001 standards and certification by the accredited agencies. In this respect EMS of Narora Atomic Power Station (NAPS), Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (KAPS), Tarapur Atomic Power Station (TAPS), Madras Atomic Power Station (MAPS) and Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS 1 and 2) are certified for ISO-14001 by an accredited agency. Schedules have been worked out for the remaining atomic power stations too. The present paper is an attempt to highlight the experiences gained during the process of EMS implementation and certification as per ISO-14001 for nuclear power plants in India. (author)

  14. Council on Certification Professional Practice Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaglaniczny, K L

    1993-06-01

    The CCNA has completed a PPA and will begin implementing its recommendations with the December 1993 certification examination. The results of the PPA provide content validation for the CCNA certification examination. The certification examination is reflective of the knowledge and skill required for entry-level practice. Assessment of this knowledge is accomplished through the use of questions that are based on the areas represented in the content outline. Analysis of the PPA has resulted in changes in the examination content outline and percentages of questions in each area to reflect current entry-level nurse anesthesia practice. The new outline is based on the major domains of knowledge required for nurse anesthesia practice. These changes are justified by the consistency in the responses of the practitioners surveyed. There was overall agreement as to the knowledge and skills related to patient conditions, procedures, agents, techniques, and equipment that an entry-level CRNA must have to practice. Members of the CCNA and Examination Committee will use the revised outline to develop questions for the certification examination. The questions will be focused on the areas identified as requiring high levels of expertise and those that appeared higher in frequency. The PPA survey will be used as a basis for subsequent content validation studies. It will be revised to reflect new knowledge, technology, and techniques related to nurse anesthesia practice. The CCNA has demonstrated its commitment to the certification process through completion of the PPA and implementation of changes in the structure of the examination. PMID:8291387

  15. Universally composable anonymous Hash certification model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Fan; MA JianFeng; SangJae MOON

    2007-01-01

    Ideal function is the fundamental component in the universally composable security model. However, the certification ideal function defined in the universally composable security model realizes the identity authentication by binding identity to messages and the signature, which fails to characterize the special security requirements of anonymous authentication with other kind of certificate. Therefore,inspired by the work of Marten, an anonymous hash certification ideal function and a more universal certificate CA model are proposed in this paper. We define the security requirements and security notions for this model in the framework of universal composable security and prove in the plain model (not in the random-oracle model) that these security notions can be achieved using combinations of a secure digital signature scheme, a symmetrical encryption mechanism, a family of pseudorandom functions, and a family of one-way collision-free hash functions. Considering the limitation of wireless environment and computation ability of wireless devices, this anonymous Hash certification ideal function is realized by using symmetry primitives.

  16. Waste certification: Who really is on first?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1989-11-01

    Waste certification is the process of stating whether or not a given waste package meets the acceptance criteria of whatever facility is receiving the package. Establishing a program for certification of low-level waste requires coordination of a variety of requirements and limitations, including regulations, physical characteristics of the waste and of the type of radiation emitted by radionuclides in the waste, uncertainty in measurements, quality assurance, and personnel exposures. The goal of such a program must be to provide an acceptable degree of assurance that the waste generating facility will be able to convince the waste receiving facility that individual waste packages do meet the applicable waste acceptance criteria. The preceding paragraph raises many questions: what is an acceptable degree of assurance? What does one have to do to convince a receiving facility? How can the measurement uncertainty be taken into account? This paper attempts to address several of those questions in the context of the development being done in the solid low-level waste (SLLW) certification program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). First, a brief history of the SLLW certification program at ORNL is presented. The remaining discussions are devoted to considering the problems and pitfalls of implementing a waste certification program, concentrating on such areas as the responsibilities of various organizations and individuals, waste characterization techniques, handling levels of uncertainty, and development of waste acceptance criteria.

  17. Obtaining your annual internal taxation certificate

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    (cf. Article R IV 2.04 of the Staff Regulations) Your annual internal taxation certificate will state the taxable amount of your CERN remuneration, payments and other financial benefits and the amount of tax levied by the Organization during the previous financial year. In France, your tax return must be accompanied by this certificate. Current Members of the Personnel (including Members of the Personnel participating in a pre-retirement programme): - You will receive an e-mail containing a link to your printable annual certificate, which will be stored together with your pay and leave statements (e-Payslips). - You can also access your annual certificate via https://hrt.cern.ch (open 'My Payslips' at the bottom of the main menu.) - If you experience any technical difficulties in accessing your annual certificate (e.g. invalid AIS login or password), please contact CERN's AIS support team at ais.support@cern.ch. Former Members of the Personnel:- If you remember your AIS login and password, you can acc...

  18. 14 CFR 121.207 - Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Provisionally certificated airplanes... AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 121.207 Provisionally certificated airplanes: Operating limitations....

  19. 46 CFR 67.533 - Application for Certificate of Compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MEASUREMENT OF VESSELS DOCUMENTATION OF VESSELS Fees § 67.533 Application for Certificate of Compliance. An... forth in 46 CFR part 68. ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application for Certificate of Compliance....

  20. Certification of power generation from sewage gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article discusses the certification of power generated from sewage gas in packaged co-generation units in Switzerland. Since 2003, such electricity can be sold as 'green power' to consumers, who pay an additional charge for this ecologically generated power. Since the eco-balance of this electricity generated in wastewater treatment plant is considered as being excellent, the prestigious 'Naturemade Star' label has been awarded to it. This label sets most stringent requirements. The Canius wastewater treatment plant in the 'Lenzerheide' in eastern Switzerland is taken as an example to illustrate the procedure that has to be gone through to receive certification. This certification is carried out by independent auditors and guarantees that the 'green' electricity offered by the utility meets the high ecological criteria set by the label

  1. Distributed certification application via a trusted dealer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘端阳; 潘雪增; 平玲娣

    2003-01-01

    Distributed certification via threshold cryptography is much more secure than other ways to protect certification authority (CA) 's private key, and can tolerate some intrusions. As the original system such as ITTC, etc., is unsafe, inefficient and impracitcal in actual network environment, this paper brings up a new distributed certification scheme, which although it generates key shares concentratively, it updates key shares distributedly, and so, avoids single-point failure like ITTC. It not only enhances robustness with Feldman verification and SSL protocol, but can also change the threshold (t,k) flexibly and robustly, and so, is much more practical. In this work, the authors implement the prototype system of the new scheme and test and analyze its performance.

  2. ECOLOGICAL CERTIFICATION AND LABELLING OF TOURIST SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela Stefanica

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This work presents an analysis of ecological certification and labelling in the field of tourism. In a tourist company, the certification schemes evaluate the general approach of environmental problems, and impose to the tourist services the observance of pre-established principles and guiding lines concerning the environment. They become for the tourist companies a behavioural standard in the development of their activity. The requirements within such schemes are often flexible and open to interpretation, and generally less controversial than the eco-labelling schemes. As compared to the certification schemes, the eco-labels attributed to the tourist services emphasise the impact over the environment of the services of tourist companies, on the basis of certain European criteria. These criteria refer to the whole life cycle of these tourist services.

  3. National board certification as professional development: What are teachers learning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lustick, David Scott

    This study investigated the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards' (NBPTS) assessment process in order to identify, quantify, and substantiate possible learning outcomes from the participants. One hundred and twenty candidates for the Adolescent and Young Adult Science (AYA Science) Certificate were studied over a 2-year period using the recurrent institutional cycle research design. This quasi-experimental methodology allowed for the collection of both cross-sectional and longitudinal data insuring a good measure of internal validity regarding observed changes both between and within group means. Multiple assessors scored transcripts of structured interviews with each teacher using the NBPTS' assessment framework according to the 13 standards accomplished science teaching. The scores (aggregated to the group level) provided the quantitative evidence of teacher learning in this study. Significant changes in mean scores from pre to post are reported at the overall, standard group, and individual standard levels. Findings suggest that the intervention had an overall effect size of .475 upon candidates' understanding of science teaching related knowledge. More specifically, most learning was associated with the standards of Scientific Inquiry and Assessment. The results support the hypothesis that the certification process is an effective standards based professional learning opportunity. The learning outcomes discussed in this report (including the identification of Dynamic, Technical, and Deferred Learning categories) should inform debate between educational stakeholders regarding the financial and ideological support of National Board certification as a means of improving teacher quality, provide suggestions for the improvement of the assessment process, and contribute insight into the current divisive state of science education in public education.

  4. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA airworthiness certification for ceramic matrix composite components in civil aircraft systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonczy Stephen T.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs are being designed and developed for engine and exhaust components in commercial aviation, because they offer higher temperature capabilities, weight savings, and improved durability compared to metals. The United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA issues and enforces regulations and minimum standards covering the safe manufacture, operation, and maintenance of civil aircraft. As new materials, these ceramic composite components will have to meet the certification regulations of the FAA for “airworthiness”. The FAA certification process is defined in the Federal Aviation Regulations (Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations, FAA policy statements, orders, advisory circulars, technical standard orders, and FAA airworthiness directives. These regulations and documents provide the fundamental requirements and guidelines for design, testing, manufacture, quality assurance, registration, operation, inspection, maintenance, and repair of aircraft systems and parts. For metallic parts in aircraft, the FAA certification and compliance process is well-established for type and airworthiness certification, using ASTM and SAE standards, the MMPDS data handbook, and FAA advisory circulars. In a similar manner for polymer matrix composites (PMC, the PMC industry and the FAA have jointly developed and are refining parallel guidelines for polymer matrix composites (PMCs, using guidance in FAA circulars and the CMH-17 PMC handbook. These documents discuss design methods and codes, material testing, property data development, life/durability assessment, production processes, QA procedures, inspection methods, operational limits, and repairs for PMCs. For ceramic composites, the FAA and the CMC and aerospace community are working together (primarily through the CMH-17 CMC handbook to define and codify key design, production, and regulatory issues that have to be addressed in the certification of CMC components in

  5. OHS Certification as Tool and Strategy in Labour Inspection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendriksen, Kåre

    Certification of Occupational Health and Safety as Tool and Strategy in Labour Inspection Presentation of the project Certification of Occupational Health and Safety as Tool and Strategy in Labour Inspection financed by Nordic Council of Ministers. The project has analysed the new role of occupat...... and the experiences with validity of the certificate, the interaction with regulation and the general tendency towards increased self control via certification will be discussed....

  6. Sustainable Forest management: example of implementation of PEFC certification schemes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available After a short description of forest certification standards, the Authors outline PEFC certification schemes implemented in a study-case (municipal forest of Montano Antilia, in the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, South of Italy, discussing the limited success of certification and some of the obstacles to its adoption in the specific case. One of the barriers for the adoption of forest certification is the lack of basic information, even in presence of the Forests Management Plan.

  7. BECSI: Bandwidth Efficient Certificate Status Information Distribution Mechanism for VANETs

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Gañán; Muñoz, Jose L.; Oscar Esparza; Jonathan Loo; Jorge Mata-Díaz; Juanjo Alins

    2013-01-01

    Certificate revocation is a challenging task, especiallyin mobile network environments such as vehicular ad Hoc networks (VANETs).According to the IEEE 1609.2 security standard for VANETs, public keyinfrastructure (PKI) will provide this functionality by means of certificate revocation lists (CRLs).When a certificate authority (CA)needs to revoke a certificate, itglobally distributes CRLs.Transmitting these lists pose a problem as they require high update frequencies and a lot of bandwidth. I...

  8. Certification of qualification of radioprotection supervisors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the scope of the process adopted by CNEN to certification of radiation protection supervisors, are discussed important items, such as: definition of new areas of expertise, training programs, communication between the CNEN and stakeholders knowledge exams, standardization, desirable profile and responsibilities related to the performance of supervisors, considering its importance in safety and radiological protection of occupationally exposed individuals and the public. Taking into account the needs and particularities of each area, are presented the perspectives of the procedure for certification of qualification, and suggested improvements to be introduced

  9. Compositional Safety Analysis using Barrier Certificates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Christoffer; Pappas, George J.; Wisniewski, Rafael

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a compositional method for verifying the safety of a dynamical system, given as an interconnection of subsystems. The safety verification is conducted by the use of the barrier certificate method; hence, the contribution of this paper is to show how to obtain compositional...... conditions for safety verification. We show how to formulate the verification problem, as a composition of coupled subproblems, each given for one subsystem. Furthermore, we show how to find the compositional barrier certificates via linear and sum of squares programming problems. The proposed method makes...

  10. 12 CFR 313.94 - Certification by employer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification by employer. 313.94 Section 313... FOR CORPORATE DEBT COLLECTION Administrative Wage Garnishment § 313.94 Certification by employer. Along with the withholding order, the FDIC will send to the employer a certification in a...

  11. The Role of Logging Business Owners in Forest Certification

    OpenAIRE

    Barrett, Scott Michael; Munsell, John F; Gagnon, Jennifer L.

    2013-01-01

    Many forest products companies and landowners participate in forest certification programs. Forest certification programs set standards for sustainable forest management and verify that they are being met. Participants in certification programs commit to meeting sustainable forest management standards and are periodically audited by a third party to verify compliance.

  12. PMAA`s Silver/Gold National Certification Program - update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boltz, R. [Vincent R. Boltz, Inc., Lebanon, PA (United States)

    1996-07-01

    The Petroleum Marketers Association of America`s (PMAA) Silver/Gold National Certification Program is discussed. The oil heat technician certification is a process whose time has come. The information age has put us in an era of improved technology as well as improved equipment. The advantages of the oil heat certification program for oil heat dealers, technicians, and customers are listed.

  13. 25 CFR 152.7 - Application for certificate of competency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application for certificate of competency. 152.7 Section... IN FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Issuing Patents in Fee, Certificates of Competency Or Orders Removing Restrictions § 152.7 Application...

  14. 25 CFR 152.8 - Issuance of certificate of competency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Issuance of certificate of competency. 152.8 Section 152... FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Issuing Patents in Fee, Certificates of Competency Or Orders Removing Restrictions § 152.8 Issuance of...

  15. Certification. Tool for quality? Market and client for radiation experts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role and impact of certification in the advisory work of radiation experts is briefly outlined. Certification is a guarantee for quality of the advice or a product in case there is a client and a market. In cases where there is not a client or a market certification will lead to 'window-dressing and a bureaucratic system

  16. 22 CFR 61.4 - Certification procedures-Exports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification procedures-Exports. 61.4 Section... AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS § 61.4 Certification procedures—Exports. (a) Applicants seeking certification of... accompany each export shipment of the certified material....

  17. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 411 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 411 Banks and Banking EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 411, App. A Appendix A to Part 411—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for...

  18. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 93 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... ON LOBBYING Pt. 93, App. A Appendix A to Part 93—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for... Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3)...

  19. 7 CFR Appendix A to Part 3018 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part... OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 3018, App. A Appendix A to Part 3018—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements...

  20. 29 CFR Appendix A to Part 93 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 93 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 93, App. A Appendix A to Part 93—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements...

  1. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 28 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... AGREEMENT REGULATIONS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 28, App. A Appendix A to Part 28—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements The...

  2. 10 CFR Appendix A to Part 601 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 601 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 601, App. A Appendix A to Part 601—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants,...

  3. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 1230 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... AND COMMUNITY SERVICE NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 1230, App. A Appendix A to Part 1230—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements...

  4. 43 CFR Appendix A to Part 18 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... LOBBYING Pt. 18, App. A Appendix A to Part 18—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts...-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The...

  5. 20 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 438 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 438, App. A Appendix A to Part 438—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants,...

  6. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 519 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 519 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 519, App. A Appendix A to Part 519—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans,...

  7. 31 CFR Appendix A to Part 21 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... ON LOBBYING Pt. 21, App. A Appendix A to Part 21—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for... Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3)...

  8. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 1158 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 1158, App. A Appendix A to Part 1158—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans,...

  9. 15 CFR Appendix A to Part 28 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... LOBBYING Pt. 28, App. A Appendix A to Part 28—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts...-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The...

  10. 13 CFR Appendix A to Part 146 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... LOBBYING Pt. 146, App. A Appendix A to Part 146—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for... Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3)...

  11. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 20 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 20 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 20, App. A Appendix A to Part 20—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts,...

  12. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 311 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 311 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 311, App. A Appendix A to Part 311—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and...

  13. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 712 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 712, App. A Appendix A to Part 712—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification... and submit Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with...

  14. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 227 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 227 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 227, App. A Appendix A to Part 227—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for...

  15. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 1168 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 1168, App. A Appendix A to Part 1168—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts,...

  16. 24 CFR Appendix A to Part 87 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... Urban Development NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 87, App. A Appendix A to Part 87—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements The...

  17. 28 CFR Appendix A to Part 69 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... LOBBYING Pt. 69, App. A Appendix A to Part 69—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts...-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The...

  18. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1271 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix... ON LOBBYING Pt. 1271, App. A Appendix A to Part 1271—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification... and submit Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with...

  19. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 138 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 138 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE MISCELLANEOUS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 138, App. A Appendix A to Part 138—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts,...

  20. 26 CFR 1.25-3 - Qualified mortgage credit certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Qualified mortgage credit certificate. 1.25-3... TAXES Changes in Rates During A Taxable Year § 1.25-3 Qualified mortgage credit certificate. (a)-(g)(1... certificates for certain refinancings—(1) In general. If the issuer of a qualified mortgage credit...

  1. 7 CFR 12.7 - Certification of compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification of compliance. 12.7 Section 12.7... Provisions § 12.7 Certification of compliance. (a) Self-certification. In order for a person to be determined... level of conservation treatment provided for by the conservation system under the person's...

  2. 6 CFR Appendix A to Part 9 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 9 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY RESTRICTIONS UPON LOBBYING Pt. 9, App. A Appendix A to Part 9—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for...

  3. 32 CFR 537.20 - Certification to Congress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Certification to Congress. 537.20 Section 537.20... BEHALF OF THE UNITED STATES § 537.20 Certification to Congress. Admiralty claims, including claims for... of the Army for approval and if in excess of $500,000 for certification to Congress for...

  4. 77 FR 56870 - Notice of Continuation of Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    ... Federal Register on September 2, 2011 (76 FR 54796). The certification was based on the Department's... Termination of Certification was published in the Federal Register on July 30, 2012 (77 FR 44683), and the... Employment and Training Administration Notice of Continuation of Certification Roseburg Forest...

  5. 33 CFR 138.90 - Individual and Fleet Certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Individual and Fleet Certificates... for Water Pollution (Vessels) § 138.90 Individual and Fleet Certificates. (a) The Director, NPFC... provided and appropriate fees have been paid, except where a Fleet Certificate is issued under this...

  6. 45 CFR 170.450 - EHR module testing and certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (as defined in 45 CFR 170.102), and one or more of the constituent EHR Modules is/are demonstrably... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false EHR module testing and certification. 170.450... CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS FOR HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Temporary Certification Program for HIT § 170.450...

  7. Administrative memo relative to the delivery of energy conservation certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This memo details the principles of the energy conservation certificates, the law texts of application, the part of the Government and the ADEME services, the certificates demand procedure, and the inscription of the certificates on the national registries. (A.L.B.)

  8. 46 CFR 154.1803 - Expiration of Certificates of Compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Expiration of Certificates of Compliance. 154.1803 Section 154.1803 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS... Expiration of Certificates of Compliance. (a) A Certificate of Compliance expires after a period not...

  9. 10 CFR 76.66 - Expiration and termination of certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Expiration and termination of certificates. 76.66 Section... Certification § 76.66 Expiration and termination of certificates. (a) Except as provided in § 76.55, each... submit a renewal application under § 76.36, the Corporation shall, on or before the expiration...

  10. 27 CFR 13.41 - Authority to revoke certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Authority to revoke....41 Authority to revoke certificates. Certificates of label approval, certificates of exemption from... revoked by the appropriate TTB officer upon a finding that the label or bottle at issue is not...

  11. 20 CFR 656.32 - Revocation of approved labor certifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Officer in consultation with the Chief, Division of Foreign Labor Certification may take steps to revoke... Intent to Revoke an approved labor certification which contains a detailed statement of the grounds for... relevant evidence presented in deciding whether to revoke the labor certification. (2) If rebuttal...

  12. Technical problems encountered during certification of a Type B (plutonium) package

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) is the packaging designer for the 5320 Type (B) PuO/AmO Packaging (DPSU79-124-1,''Safety Analysis Report Packages). The predecessor to the 5320 Packaging introduced in 1980, was originally developed in 1973 for shipping plutonium and americium. The 5320 Packaging has undergone numerous design changes since 1980 to meet changing packaging and transportation regulations. During the current certificate renewal process, WSRC experienced significant technical problems with the packaging design. This paper will discuss the technical problems asbociated with the design, the technical challenges they presented and the design solutions that were implemented to meet current Department of Energy (DOE) regulations

  13. Standard source for certification of optical-electronic devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fastova, Natalia I.; Maraev, Anton A.; Ishanin, Gennady G.

    2016-04-01

    To reduce the error at the certification of optoelectronic devices, sources and detectors of the standard sources and its diaphragm must be thermally stabilized in order to create a uniform background. We developed an uncooled model blackbody TCID-100 with working temperature up to 100°C with a thermally stabilized transmitter and the diaphragm set. The developed model is a cylinder made of red copper with a conical cavity. Cone length was chosen empirically to provide uniform heating over the entire length of the blackbody cavity. With the developed model, we conducted cavity temperature measurement transmitter, which enabled to evaluate the advantages and drawbacks of the blackbody design. In this article we examined models of blackbodies, the most popular types of cavities and the calculation of the thermal emissivity for them. We have designed blackbody and measured the cavity temperature change over the time.

  14. Community participation in the certificate-of-need process: a look at ten-taxpayer groups in Massachusetts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, T J

    1979-01-01

    Certificate-of-need statutes give designated state agencies veto power over investment in health care facilities. Some states have sought to temper the arbitrary character of this power by expanding the opportunities for community input into the certificate-of-need process. Massachusetts, for example, has enacted a statute that allows groups of ten taxpayers to petition for a public hearing on any certificate-of-need application. Some observers question whether the benefits of taxpayer-group participation are substantial enough to compensate for the delays and abuses that the statute allegedly invites. To help resolve this question, this Comment examines historical data on Massachusetts taxpayer groups and on their activities and assesses the significance of their composition and tactics to the certificate-of-need process. Although flaws exist in the Massachusetts ten-taxpayer mechanism, in this writer's view it has succeeded partially in making the certificate-of-need process responsive to community opinion. Many groups lack the skills and qualities needed to make constructive use of the ten-taxpayer mechanism. Nevertheless, it serves a valuable purpose by creating a public forum for and by encouraging public participation in the certificate-of-need process, especially by those who might otherwise try to circumvent that process through use of special legislation, of private pressure, or of other similar means. PMID:539596

  15. 14 CFR 61.94 - Student pilot seeking a sport pilot certificate or a recreational pilot certificate: Operations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Student pilot seeking a sport pilot... Student pilot seeking a sport pilot certificate or a recreational pilot certificate: Operations at... operational control tower in other airspace. (a) A student pilot seeking a sport pilot certificate or...

  16. Directory of certificates of compliance for radioactive materials packages. Certificates of compliance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume contains all Certificates of Compliance for radioactive material packages effective September 14, 1979. Purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance number is included at the back of each volume of the directory

  17. Does Eco-certification Stem Tropical Deforestation? Forest Stewardship Council Certification in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Blackman, Allen; Goff, Leonard; Planter, Marisol Rivera

    2015-01-01

    Since its creation more than two decades ago as a voluntary market-based approach to improving forest management, forest certification has proliferated rapidly in developing countries. Yet we know little about whether and under what conditions it affects deforestation. We use rich forest management unit-level panel data—including information on deforestation, certification, regulatory permitting, and geophysical and socioeconomic land characteristics—along with matched fixed effects models to...

  18. 40 CFR 86.007-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Uinta Washakie Weston (6) Catalyst-equipped vehicles, otherwise covered by a certificate, which are... gasoline resulting in deactivation of the catalysts. If these vehicles are imported or offered for importation without retrofit of the catalyst, they will be considered not to be within the coverage of...

  19. 40 CFR 86.094-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Uinta Washakie Weston (6) Catalyst-equipped vehicles, otherwise covered by a certificate, which are... gasoline resulting in deactivation of the catalysts. If these vehicles are imported or offered for importation without retrofit of the catalyst, they will be considered not to be within the coverage of...

  20. 15 CFR 2015.3 - Export certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Export certificates. 2015.3 Section 2015.3 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF TARIFF-RATE QUOTAS FOR SUGAR-CONTAINING PRODUCTS §...

  1. 15 CFR 2014.3 - Export certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Export certificates. 2014.3 Section 2014.3 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF TARIFF-RATE QUOTA FOR IMPORTS OF LAMB MEAT § 2014.3...

  2. 15 CFR 2012.3 - Export certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Export certificates. 2012.3 Section 2012.3 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF TARIFF-RATE QUOTAS FOR BEEF § 2012.3 Export...

  3. [The sportive certificate and...the responsibility!].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toussaint, D

    2004-09-01

    If your patient is an benevolent friendly sportsman (woman), you are able to do the sportive certificate. But mind! The responsibility of the physician is engaged if he signs without physical examination. The sports with competition and sports with danger so as parachutism, dive, alpinism and so on are reserved to specialist physician in sports. PMID:15516067

  4. 5 CFR 179.208 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 179.208 Section 179.208 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS... Office's regulations have been approved by OPM pursuant to 5 CFR part 550, subpart K; (5) The date...

  5. Certification plan for safety and PRA codes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A certification plan for computer codes used in Safety Analyses and Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) for the operation of the Savannah River Site (SRS) reactors has been prepared. An action matrix, checklists, and a time schedule have been included in the plan. These items identify what is required to achieve certification of the codes. A list of Safety Analysis and Probabilistic Risk Assessment (SA ampersand PRA) computer codes covered by the certification plan has been assembled. A description of each of the codes was provided in Reference 4. The action matrix for the configuration control plan identifies code specific requirements that need to be met to achieve the certification plan's objectives. The checklist covers the specific procedures that are required to support the configuration control effort and supplement the software life cycle procedures based on QAP 20-1 (Reference 7). A qualification checklist for users establishes the minimum prerequisites and training for achieving levels of proficiency in using configuration controlled codes for critical parameter calculations

  6. Creating an Innovative Interdisciplinary Graduate Certificate Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFadden, Kathleen L.; Chen, Shi-Jie; Munroe, Donna J.; Naftzger, Jay R.; Selinger, Evan M.

    2011-01-01

    In response to a growing movement within higher education to provide interdisciplinary educational programs, this study describes the creation of an interdisciplinary graduate certificate program in healthcare policy and management. Building on prior research, we surveyed healthcare executives to examine their perceptions about the need for such a…

  7. 40 CFR 85.2108 - Dealer certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Emissions Control System Performance Warranty Regulations and... the vehicle is covered by an EPA Certificate of Conformity; (2) Based upon a visual inspection of... manufacturer. The visual inspection required by this subsection is limited to those emission control devices...

  8. Green certificate in an international market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analytical equilibrium model for a simultaneously functioning electricity market and a market for Green Certificates is formulated. The main focus is on the effects of changing the percentage requirement which is in end use consumption. We start by looking briefly at an autarky market before opening the trade of electricity and certificates. The results show that the percentage requirement is a very imprecise instrument as to increase the provision of green electricity. In none of the cases considered will an increase of the percentage requirement in a country necessarily result in an increase in the generation of green electricity in the country itself. When opening for trade, the results show that the increase of the percentage requirement in one country can have a negative effect on green electricity generation in this country, but a positive effect in the other country. Further it is shown that in the case of an open certificate market where the certificates can be traded at a given international price, a country will maximise it's generation of green electricity by setting the percentage requirement equal to zero. (Author)

  9. 40 CFR 86.1848-01 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Provisions for Control of Air Pollution From New and In-Use Light-Duty Vehicles, Light-Duty Trucks, and... the implementation schedule shall not be covered by the certificate. (4) For incomplete light-duty... new light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks, and complete heavy-duty vehicles must obtain a...

  10. 27 CFR 26.260 - Certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS LIQUORS AND ARTICLES FROM PUERTO RICO AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS Procedure at Port of Entry From the Virgin Islands § 26.260 Certificate. Persons (except tourists) bringing liquors... § 26.205 with the district director of customs at the port of entry in the United States....

  11. Certificates, Skills and Job Markets in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallet, Louis; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Research conducted in France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom examined distribution of certificate holders throughout the economy and the process of competition for access to employment. Supply had a significant effect on the distribution. Emphasis on initial training as opposed to continuing education may be…

  12. Guinness World Records: Presenting certificates to CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Rao, Achintya

    2014-01-01

    The latest edition of the Guinness Book of World Records features CERN, crediting the CMS and ATLAS collaborations for the first observation of a Higgs boson. On 20 August, representatives of Guinness World Records visit CERN to hand over certificates for the record.

  13. 40 CFR 86.095-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., and for 1985 and Later Model Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.095-30 Certification. (a)(1)-(3) (4)(i)-(iii)...

  14. 9 CFR 98.14 - Health certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... imported into the United States in accordance with subpart B of 9 CFR part 98. (c) If any of the... sire; (5) The number of ampules or straws covered by the health certificate and the identification... performed on the donor dam and donor sire as a condition for importing the embryos; (7) The dates...

  15. Certification: How It Can Add Value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Judith

    2003-01-01

    Discusses certification for members of ISPI (International society for Performance Improvement) and how it can enable a different level of conversation with clients, and allows clients to identify competent practitioners who can improve human performance and have committed to a code of ethics. (LRW)

  16. Policy Pathways: Energy Performance Certification of Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    Improving energy efficiency is one of the most effective measures to address energy security, climate change and economic objectives. The Policy Pathways series can help countries capture this potential by assisting with the implementation of the 25 energy efficiency policy recommendations that were published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) in 2008. This policy pathway on energy performance certification of buildings is the second in the series. It aims to provide a 'how-to' guide to policy makers and relevant stakeholders on the essential elements in implementing energy performance certification of buildings programmes. Energy performance certification of buildings is a way to rate the energy efficiency of individual buildings -- whether they be residential, commercial or public. It is a key policy instrument that can assist governments in reducing energy consumption in buildings. This policy pathway showcases experiences from countries around the world to show examples of good practice and delivers a pathway of ten critical steps to implement energy performance certification of buildings programmes.

  17. Software Testing An ISEB Intermediate Certificate

    CERN Document Server

    Hambling, Brian

    2009-01-01

    Covering testing fundamentals, reviews, testing and risk, test management and test analysis, this book helps newly qualified software testers to learn the skills and techniques to take them to the next level. Written by leading authors in the field, this is the only official textbook of the ISEB Intermediate Certificate in Software Testing.

  18. GCTE: a national certificate in tertiary education

    OpenAIRE

    Vale, Deborah; Tynan, Belinda; Smyth, Robyn

    2009-01-01

    The project intended to promote shared conceptual frameworks about teaching and learning and support strategic change in how graduate certificates of tertiary education (GCTE) contribute to the professional development of academic staff within a fast changing higher education context. It was intended to investigate and negotiate the core content and approach for Australian higher education award programs across the eight universities.

  19. 77 FR 70176 - Previous Participation Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Previous Participation Certification AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer... submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review, as required by the Paperwork Reduction... programs. The information will be used to evaluate participants' previous participation in...

  20. 19 CFR 159.63 - Certifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... information contained in the certification is true and accurate to the best of the certifier's knowledge and...; acquisition by related company. The statement must include information as to whether the domestic producer... affected domestic producer on more than one order or finding covering the same product and files a...

  1. 19 CFR 10.584 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... English language or the language of the exporting Party. In the latter case, the port director may require...) The legal name, address, telephone, and e-mail address (if any) of the responsible official or... attachments.” (b) Responsible official or agent. The certification provided for in paragraph (a) of...

  2. 7 CFR 54.25 - Superseded certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... null and void and shall not thereafter be deemed to show the class, grade, other quality, or compliance... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) MEATS, PREPARED MEATS, AND MEAT PRODUCTS (GRADING, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) Regulations Appeal Service § 54.25...

  3. PMP Certification All-In-One Desk Reference For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Stackpole, Cynthia Snyder

    2011-01-01

    Be as prepared as possible to take the PMP certification exam The PMP certification is the most popular project management certification available, but also a very difficult certification to obtain with very demanding requirements. That's where this All-in-One reference comes in. Packed with valuable information for taking the exam, the nine books in one covers everything from the certification process to gathering information for the application and signing up to take the exam, as well as studying for the most pertinent parts of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK), and review que

  4. 5th international conference on certification and standardization in NDT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This CD-ROM contains 30 lectures (in form of manuscripts or abstracts) and 6 posters with the following topics: 1. Some Critical Remarks from German Chemical Industry on Certification and Accreditation in NDT. 2. Global Impact of International Standard ISO 9712. 3. Maintaining Concurrent Compliance with Multiple NDT Personnel Certification Standards. 4. The Revision of the New Approach. 5. Comparison between prEN 473 Currently Submitted to Formal Vote and ISO 9712:2005. 6. Accreditation and Certification - a Contradiction?. 7. The Way We Were. 8. EFNDT-Question-Data-Bank (QDB). 9. NDT Certification in Turkey as an European Country- How It Couldn't Work as the Only Example?. 10. Validation of Practical Examination Specimens. 11. Examination Bank Structure for Radiographic Testing (RT) - An Example. 12. About the New Classification of NDT Methods Based on Positions of Risks and Equipment Life Assessment. 13. Olympus NDT Training Academy. 14. Harmonisation of Personnel Certification Schemes for Non-destructive Testing in the Asia-Pacific Region. 15. How EFNDT Can Help in Accreditation or Recognition/Approval of NDT Certification Bodies? 16. SNT-TC-1A - 40 Years of Employer Certification for NDT Personnel. 17. The Same NDT Certification Scheme for Everybody: a Dream or a Need. 18. 19. Personnel Certification for Thermographers - Status and Trends. 20. Guided Wave Training and Certification. 21. Examination Radiographs and Master Reports for the Industrial Sectors 6 and 7. 22. New Standards ISO 24497 on the Metal Magnetic Memory Method. The Program of Personnel Training and Certification. 23. The Use of the Psychometrics in NDT Certification Programs. 24. EFNDT Guidelines ''Overall NDT Quality System''. 25. The Role of the Forum for National Aerospace NDT Boards. 26. Don't Forget, We Are Supposed to Be Representing Industry. 27. Don't Forget, We Are Supposed to Be Representing Industry. 28. The Need for Standardization in NDT Personnel Certification. 29. NDT

  5. Golden sun certification. The national certification program for PV products in China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qin, Haiyan

    2008-07-01

    Solar photovoltaic is used widely in China, especially in northwest. It provides clean and reliable distributed power for a variety of applications. By far, there are hundreds of PV components manufactories and system assemblers emerged, but most of them are very small or medium-sized in terms of production and annual sales. Moreover, as lack of available supervision mechanism, many manufactories sell/distribute bad quality PV products for benefits given to customers' unawareness of related knowledge about PV products. As a consequence, more and more customers lose confidence in PV products, which greatly hinders the sound development of China's PV market. On the other hand, international certification scheme is well developed. If China's PV module manufactories want to sell their products to foreign markets, such as Europe and America, relevant certificates are always needed, which cost much money and time for Chinese manufactories. Therefore, China General Certification Center, committed by Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People's Republic of China, established national certification scheme for PV products. We named it as Golden Sun certification. (orig.)

  6. Development of new NDT certification scheme in Singapore

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nondestructive testing plays a vital role in Singapore Industry either it is construction or it it oil and gas. To cope up with the future demands for nondestructive testing personnel and cater to the local industry needs for qualified and certified NDT operators, Nondestructive Testing Society (Singapore)-NDTSS launched the SGNDT Certification Scheme. The aim of the organization is to promote and standardize the quality of NDT through education and training based on a scheme that is on par with internationally recognized 3rd party certifications. The certification also provides a greater confidence to the clients and end users who utilize the NDT test results provided by the certified operators. NDE certification in Singapore varies from industries and currently relies on the in-house certification scheme based on SNT-TC-1A where organizations find it difficult to standardize the skill and reliability of operators. NDE Certification system varies globally from countries to countries. A proper certification system is required to produce successful NDT Practitioners to suit the local industry. This paper outlines the development of Singapore NDT Certification Scheme (SGNDT), the operations, levels of qualification, the method of operation and control measures. The Training and Certification committee, Quality Management system within the certification scheme and the current system practiced in Singapore are discussed in this paper. The paper also highlights the importance of third party certification scheme. (author)

  7. Deploying and managing a cloud infrastructure real-world skills for the Comptia cloud+ certification and beyond exam CV0-001

    CERN Document Server

    Salam, Abdul; Ul Haq, Salman

    2015-01-01

    Learn in-demand cloud computing skills from industry experts Deploying and Managing a Cloud Infrastructure is an excellent resource for IT professionals seeking to tap into the demand for cloud administrators. This book helps prepare candidates for the CompTIA Cloud+ Certification (CV0-001) cloud computing certification exam. Designed for IT professionals with 2-3 years of networking experience, this certification provides validation of your cloud infrastructure knowledge. With over 30 years of combined experience in cloud computing, the author team provides the latest expert perspectives on

  8. Use of certification programs in the radiological protection of the patient

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the main recommendations of the Congress of Malaga on Radiological Protection of the Patient is 'the qualification and training of the staff'. This goal cannot be reached in a country, in complete and systematic form, without the help of existing national programs who allow designing a program of continuous development of the professional capacities. This program must be able to adapt in permanent form to the needs of the Program of Radiological Protection of the Patient that change and evolve in constant form. In case of the Argentina it was adapted to these needs the 'National Program of Certification and Re-certification of medical professionals in Radiology and Radio- Diagnosis'. On the base of the existing program, general requirements were established for the Radiological Protection of the Patient and in addition, special requirements for four specialties: - General and pediatrics Radiology; - Computed Tomography; - interventional Radiology; - Radiotherapy. The National Program of Certification was established in 1997 with a 'Top Permanent Council' formed by the National Minister of Health advised by a scientific council. It was also creates the 'National Council of Certification and professional Re-certification' integrated by the Minister of Education, the National Academy of Medicine, the Faculties of Medicine of the whole country, the medical Federations, the trade-union Associations and the Argentine Medical Association. The process of certification can be delegated to academic or university entities, medical colleges and medical chambers that have been recognized path and ethical conduct. The certification is voluntary but it becomes obligatory to be recognized as an specialist. The certification has duration of 5 years and is renewable on the basis of a system of credits that considers different elements of the developed activities and the written theoretical and practical evaluations. It is a transparent process where the ethical conduct is one

  9. Use of certification programs in the radiological protection of the patient

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: One of the main recommendations of the Congress of Malaga on Radiological Protection of the Patient is 'the qualification and training of the staff'. This goal cannot be reached in a country, in complete and systematic form, without the help of existing national programs who allow designing a program of continuous development of the professional capacities. This program must be able to adapt in permanent form to the needs of the Program of Radiological Protection of the Patient that change and evolve in constant form. In case of the Argentina it was adapted to these needs the 'National Program of Certification and Re-certification of medical professionals in Radiology and Radio-Diagnosis'. On the base of the existing program, general requirements were established for the radiological protection of the patient and in addition, special requirements for four specialties: a) General and pediatrics radiology; b) Computed tomography; c) Interventional radiology; d) Radiotherapy. The National Program of Certification was established in 1997 with a 'Top Permanent Council' formed by the National Minister of Health advised by a scientific council. It was also creates the 'National Council of Certification and professional Re-certification' integrated by the Minister of Education, the National Academy of Medicine, the Faculties of Medicine of the whole country, the medical Federations, the trade-union Associations and the Argentine Medical Association. The process of certification can be delegated to academic or university entities, medical colleges and medical chambers that have been recognized path and ethical conduct. The certification is voluntary but it becomes obligatory to be recognized as a specialist. The certification has duration of 5 years and is renewable on the basis of a system of credits that considers different elements of the developed activities and the written theoretical and practical evaluations. It is a transparent process where the ethical

  10. 14 CFR 21.31 - Type design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Type design. 21.31 Section 21.31... PROCEDURES FOR PRODUCTS AND PARTS Type Certificates § 21.31 Type design. The type design consists of— (a) The... configuration and the design features of the product shown to comply with the requirements of that part of...

  11. The effect of financial constraints, technological progress and long-term contracts on tradable green certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tradable green certificates (TGCs) have recently become a diffuse instrument to support renewable electricity in OECD countries. Although it is perhaps too early to draw a conclusive judgement on the effectiveness of this instrument in increasing renewable capacity and decreasing the price of certificates, one view in the literature maintains that long-term contracts are of particular importance for TGCs to be effective. This paper contributes to this debate by analysing how financial constraints and technological progress can induce investors to hold pessimistic expectations of their ability to sell green certificates and still make a profit. Clearly, these expectations will prevent investors from building new capacity to fulfil the quota comprised in TGCs and will keep the price of certificates traded in the market high. As this kind of expectation is not influenced by most design features of TGCs, one can conclude that long-term contracts are particularly important in determining the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of these instruments. Some attention should therefore be paid to the features of the TGCs, which induce obliged parties to offer long-term contracts to renewable generators

  12. The effect of financial constraints, technological progress and long-term contracts on tradable green certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tradable green certificates (TGCs) have recently become a diffuse instrument to support renewable electricity in OECD countries. Although it is perhaps too early to draw a conclusive judgement on the effectiveness of this instrument in increasing renewable capacity and decreasing the price of certificates, one view in the literature maintains that long-term contracts are of particular importance for TGCs to be effective. This paper contributes to this debate by analysing how financial constraints and technological progress can induce investors to hold pessimistic expectations of their ability to sell green certificates and still make a profit. Clearly, these expectations will prevent investors from building new capacity to fulfil the quota comprised in TGCs and will keep the price of certificates traded in the market high. As this kind of expectation is not influenced by most design features of TGCs, one can conclude that long-term contracts are particularly important in determining the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of these instruments. Some attention should therefore be paid to the features of the TGCs, which induce obliged parties to offer long-term contracts to renewable generators. (author)

  13. Classification of Unmanned Aircraft Systems. UAS Classification/Categorization for Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Category, class, and type designations are primary means to identify appropriate aircraft certification basis, operating rules/limitations, and pilot qualifications to operate in the National Airspace System (NAS). The question is whether UAS fit into existing aircraft categories or classes, or are unique enough to justify the creation of a new category/class. In addition, the characteristics or capabilities, which define when an UAS becomes a regulated aircraft, must also be decided. This issue focuses on UAS classification for certification purposes. Several approaches have been considered for classifying UAS. They basically group into either using a weight/mass basis, or a safety risk basis, factoring in the performance of the UAS, including where the UAS would operate. Under existing standards, aircraft must have a Type Certificate and Certificate of Airworthiness, in order to be used for "compensation or hire", a major difference from model aircraft. Newer technologies may make it possible for very small UAS to conduct commercial services, but that is left for a future discussion to extend the regulated aircraft to a lower level. The Access 5 position is that UAS are aircraft and should be regulated above the weight threshold differentiating them from model airplanes. The recommended classification grouping is summarized in a chart.

  14. Solar Renewable Energy Certificate (SREC) Markets: Status and Trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; Kreycik, C.

    2011-11-01

    This paper examines experience in solar renewable energy certificate (SREC) markets in the United States. It describes how SREC markets function--key policy design provisions, eligible technologies, state and regional eligibility rules, solar alternative compliance payments, measurement and verification methods, long-term contracting provisions, and rate caps. It also examines the trends of SREC markets--trading volumes, sourcing trends, trends in the size of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems driven by these markets, and trends in price and compliance. Throughout, the paper explores key issues and challenges facing SREC markets and attempts by policymakers to address some of these market barriers. Data and information presented in this report are derived from SREC tracking systems, brokers and auctions, published reports, and information gleaned from market participants and interviews with state regulators responsible for SREC market implementation. The last section summarizes key findings.

  15. Directory of certificates of compliance for radioactive materials packages

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings approved by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the front of Volumes 1 and 2. An alphabetical listing by user name is included in the back of Volume 3 for approved Quality Assurance programs. The reports include a listing of all users of each package design and approved Quality Assurance programs prior to the publication date of the directory. Comments to make future revisions of this directory more useful are invited and should be directed to the Spent Fuel Project Office, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

  16. Directory of certificates of compliance for radioactive materials packages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings approved by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the front of Volumes 1 and 2. An alphabetical listing by user name is included in the back of Volume 3 for approved Quality Assurance programs. The reports include a listing of all users of each package design and approved Quality Assurance programs prior to the publication date of the directory. Comments to make future revisions of this directory more useful are invited and should be directed to the Spent Fuel Project Office, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

  17. 14 CFR 183.31 - Designated manufacturing inspection representatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Designated manufacturing inspection representatives. 183.31 Section 183.31 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... certificates for aircraft for which the manufacturer holds the type certificate and which have...

  18. Crane reliability and safety: a certification program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1982, the US Navy undertook a project to upgrade shipboard rigging and load-handling operations by establishing a formal crane certification program. The program, which incorporated several features of the Navy's long successful submarine safety program, involved procedures for crane operation, including operator training and qualification, as well as procedures for maintenance, inspection, and testing of rigging and load-handling equipment. Special provisions were made for handling of critical loads, such as nuclear material. This project is quite relevant to the commercial nuclear industry, in particular, the areas of maintenance, inspection, testing, and certification. Just what impact this program will have on crane-related accident statistics in future years is only a subject of conjecture at this point, since the program has only recently been implemented. Regardless of these statistics, there can be little doubt that the overall effect of such a program on load-handling operations will be a beneficial one

  19. AMPX-77 Phase 1 certification package

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niemer, K.A.

    1994-03-01

    The AMPX-77 Phase 1 modules have been certified. AMPX-77 is a modular code system for generating coupled multigroup neutron-gamma cross section libraries from Evaluated Nuclear Data Files (ENDF/B). All basic cross-section data are input from the formats used by the ENDF/B, and output can be obtained from a variety of formats, included in its own internal and very general formats, along with a variety of other useful formats used by major transport, diffusion theory, and Monte Carlo codes. Processing is provided for both neutron and gamma-ray data. The AMPX-77 code system will be used at SRS to perform critical calculations related to nuclear criticality safety. The AMPX-77 modular codes system contains forty-seven separate modules. For the certification process, the 47 modules have been divided into three groups or phases. This Certification Package is for the Phase 1 modules: BONAMI, LAPHNGAS, MALOCS, NITAWL, ROLAIDS, SMUG, and XSDRNPM.

  20. NDE Methodologies for Composite Flywheels Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baaklini, George Y.; Konno, Kevin E.; Martin, Richard E.; Thompson, Richard

    2000-01-01

    Manufacturing readiness of composite rotors and certification of flywheels depend in part on the maturity of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technology for process optimization and quality assurance, respectively. Capabilities and limitations of x-ray-computed tomography and radiography, as well as advanced ultrasonics were established on NDE ring and rotor standards with EDM notches and drilled holes. Also, intentionally seeded delamination, tow break, and insert of bagging material were introduced in hydroburst-rings to study the NDE detection capabilities of such anomalies and their effect on the damage tolerance and safe life margins of subscale rings and rotors. Examples of possible occurring flaws or anomalies in composite rings as detected by NDE and validated by destructive metallography are shown. The general NDE approach to ensure quality of composite rotors and to help in the certification of flywheels is briefly outlined.

  1. IS ISO 9000 CERTIFICATION LOSING ITS CREDIBILITY?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.R. Ramesh

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ISO certification was a great hope for many stakeholders in India for making the country strong in terms of quality practices. It was a blessing in disguise when in early nineties; buyers were imposing conditions that you should be ISO compliant to do business with them. ISO was a great system to bring in improvements in the way an organization functions. But unfortunately some have adopted a short cut approach in getting the certification done. It is only just before the audit team comes for re-inspection that firms start removing dust from the quality manual files so that they can pretend that that they follow those systems. But a real commitment to adhering to these systems is missing. The paper describes such scenario existing in some quarters in India and warns against such practices for the overall good of the system.

  2. Adequacy of contract grammars for component certification

    OpenAIRE

    Huascar Espinoza, Alejandra Ruiz; Kelly, Tim

    2013-01-01

    International audience The use of contracts in component-based development is a well-established approach. However there exists a wide range of views as to the nature of the contracts that are necessary to support safety-critical systems development, assurance and certification. Different standards and projects have tried to reduce ambiguity and propose the best practice in this area. In this paper we present work that moves one step further forward with the creation of a methodology and g...

  3. Review of utility staff training and certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Advisory Committee on Nuclear Safety (ACNS) has reviewed the nuclear utility training programs in Canada and the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB) certification program, to determine their effectiveness in meeting current and future needs. It has also looked briefly at the practices in other countries and in the aviation industry in Canada, by way of comparison. While a quantitative measure of effectiveness was beyond the scope of this review, on a purely qualitative basis the ACNS concludes that the current training and certification regime produces qualified operators, but not necessarily in the most effective way. The report makes five recommendations. The thrust of these recommendations is towards a more effective and streamlined training and certification regime based on strict adherence to the Systematic Approach to Training (SAT) methodology combined with independent verification through a peer review and accreditation process. The Committee believes that training and qualification of nuclear power plant operating staff is the complete responsibility of the utilities and that the role of the AECB is to audit the process to ensure that the utilities discharge their responsibility appropriately. In other words, the AECB should deal with operator training and certification in the same way that it deals with other aspects of nuclear power plant operation that are important to health, safety, security and the environment - by inspections and audits. The Committee believes that the proposed regulatory requirement for recertification of certain nuclear power plant operating staff, which would come into effect when the new Regulations are promulgated, is not consistent with the government's thrust and with how the AECB regulates other aspects of nuclear power plant operations. (author)

  4. Nondestructive Testing Qualification and Certification of Personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Establishment of nondestructive testing qualification and certification of personnel system is very important for level up of this skill and result. The result of this efficiency is depend on a person's capability who has a sense of responsibility of this part. Now Korea Standards Committee is preparing for this system. But, that is not a detailed practice level. So in this report, We introduce ISO/DIS 9712 international standard to members and, translate it for collect the opinions of hereafter's plan.

  5. Industry analysis certification organisations in North America

    OpenAIRE

    Kulsky, William

    2006-01-01

    Manufacturers of electrical devices in North America have traditionally been regulatory bound to demonstrate that their products comply with all applicable national standards prior to distribution or use. The means and methods available to do so have substantially changed in the last two decades. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the approach the certification industry has adopted to accommodate change and to evaluate its ability to evolve and meet foreseeable trends. The analysis will ...

  6. Energy saving certificates: instructions for use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French decree about energy saving obligations was introduced on May 23, 2006 and defines an energy saving goal of 54 billions of kWh from July 1, 2006 to June 30, 2009. This short article recalls up the mechanism of obligations and energy saving certificates which will be implemented to lower down the energy intensity of France by 2% per year from now to 2015. (J.S.)

  7. Crude oil trading using turbo certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper has two objectives. The first one is to contribute to the debate regarding the validity of the Hubbert Crude Oil Peak Theory. Its acceptance should guide economic policies, especially over time. The other objective is to characterize modern investment tools for short-term investments, or more precisely for trading, which use the leverage effect significantly. They are so called Turbo Certificates and they are used to trade crude oil. (authors)

  8. The nestor Catalogue of Criteria for Trusted Digital Repository Evaluation and Certification

    OpenAIRE

    Dobratz, Susanne; Schoger, Astrid; Strathmann, Stefan

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the general approach nestor – the German “Network of Expertise in Long-Term Storage of Digital Resources” has taken in order to design a catalogue of criteria for trusted digital repositories used for long-term preservation issues. Further developments are intended to led to the implementation of evaluation schemas and a formal certification process for trusted digital repositories.

  9. DBKM Issues, Approaches and Challenges for new build: Harmonization, standardization, certification, peer review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Among issues when discussing DBKM: ⇒ What to preserve throughout plant lifetime? ⇒ Who manages (Design Authority)? ⇒ How best it is managed? ⇒ What are the threats of degradation? ⇒ What are the practical adverse effects on safety by inappropriate DBKM? ⇒ What about the future of licensing, harmonization, standardization, certification, peer review? … to be discussed in the context of new builds including those in new entrants

  10. Physicians' perceptions of and approaches to woman abuse. Does certification in family medicine make a difference?

    OpenAIRE

    Tudiver, F.; Permaul-Woods, J. A.

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To discover whether family physicians who go through residency training and The College of Family Physicians of Canada's (CFPC) certification process are more responsive than other physicians to woman abuse, whether they perceive and approach such abuse more appropriately, and whether they seek out more education on the subject. DESIGN: A national survey using a pretested 43-item mailed questionnaire to examine perceptions of and approaches to detection and management of woman abus...

  11. A system of green certificates. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the light of liberalization and internationalization of the market for electricity and natural gas the Dutch government aims to improve the sustainability of the Dutch energy economy. Therefore the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs requires a tool for their policy to stimulate the production and the use of renewable energy without hindering the development of those markets. In a system of so-called green certificates the added value of renewable energy can be disconnected from the actual supply of energy and can be made marketable separately. Four variants of green certificate systems are described based on demand and supply (voluntary or mandatory produced or supplied renewable energy). The voluntary system is based on a voluntary (spontaneous) demand for renewable energy of the consumers: who wants to make a contribution to a sustainable energy supply buys green certificates. In a mandatory production system the demand is created by the obligations that are put on consumers by the government. The results of a comparison of both systems are presented and discussed

  12. Biofuels and certification. A workshop at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. Summary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Devereaux, Charan; Lee, Henry

    2009-06-01

    Liquid biofuels can provide a substitute for fossil fuels in the transportation sector. Many countries have mandated the use of biofuels, by creating targets for their use. If not implemented with care, however, actions that increase biofuel production can put upward pressure on food prices, increase greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and exacerbate degradation of land, forest, and water sources. A strong global biofuels industry will not emerge unless these environmental and social concerns are addressed. Interested parties around the world are actively debating the design and implementation of policies to meet the biofuel goals, particularly those established in the United States and Europe. In general, policy options for managing the potential risks and benefits of biofuel development should specify not only clear standards governing biofuel content and production processes, but also certification processes for verifying whether particular biofuels meet those standards, and specific metrics or indicators on which to base the certification. Historically, many standards in the energy and environment fields have ultimately been set or supported by governments. Many of the certification processes have been voluntary, carried out by independent third parties. The biofuels case is a young one, however, with questions of goals, standards, certification, and metrics still in interdependent flux. The workshop focused its discussions on certification issues, but found the discussions naturally reaching into ongoing debates regarding possible goals, standards, and metrics. Many countries are proposing that for a biofuel to qualify as contributing to government-mandated targets or goals, it must be certified to meet certain standards. These standards could be limited to the amount of GHG emitted in the production process or could include a number of other environmental sustainability concerns ranging from deforestation and biodiversity to water resources. While the threat to

  13. Green certificates and greenhouse gas emissions certificates - Instruments of the liberalized electricity market in Romania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Governmental Decision No. 443/2003 and GD 1892 / 2004 aimed to the harmonization of the Romanian legislative framework with EU Directive 2001/77/EC which purposes to promote an increasing in the contribution of RES to electricity production in the internal market for electricity. In Romania's case green certificate system was adopted with mandatory quotas for suppliers as a national target for 2010 of 33 % of total consumption to be covered by electricity produced from renewable energy sources. The annual maximum and minimum value for Green Certificates trading is 24 Euro/certificate and 42 Euro/certificate, respectively. Suppliers are obliged to buy yearly a number of Green certificates equal with the mandatory quota multiplied with the amount of electricity sold yearly to their final consumers. The additional price received for the Green Certificates sold is determined on a parallel market, separated from the electricity market, where the environmental benefits of the 'clean' electricity production are traded. The regulator can modify these quotas established by Government Decision when the installed capacity in the power plants which use RES cannot secure the demand of Green Certificates; This system was introduced in November 2005. The number of issued green certificates in 2005 was only 345, so by ANRE Order no. 46 / 2005, the mandatory quota for 2005 was reduced at 2.6% from legal quota established for 2005. In the first month of 2006 5997 Green Certificates were sold at the price of 146 RON. Emissions trading is the most compatible flexible mechanisms of Kyoto Protocol with deregulated electricity markets. The Directive 2003/87/CE referring at CO2 emission trading within Europe came into force and till 31 March 2004 all the countries had to present to the Commission their national plan to comply with Directive's rules. There is great uncertainty worldwide on how GHG emissions reduction and trading schemes will develop. Previous visions of a single (Kyoto

  14. An Investigation into the Validity of the TOEFL iBT Speaking Test for International Teaching Assistant Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farnsworth, Timothy L.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the construct validity of the TOEFL iBT Speaking subsection for the purposes of international teaching assistant (ITA) certification, a purpose for which it was not specifically designed. The factor structure of the new TOEFL was compared with that of another language performance test in use at a major American research…

  15. National Guidelines for Digital Camera Systems Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaron, Yaron; Keinan, Eran; Benhamu, Moshe; Regev, Ronen; Zalmanzon, Garry

    2016-06-01

    Digital camera systems are a key component in the production of reliable, geometrically accurate, high-resolution geospatial products. These systems have replaced film imaging in photogrammetric data capturing. Today, we see a proliferation of imaging sensors collecting photographs in different ground resolutions, spectral bands, swath sizes, radiometric characteristics, accuracies and carried on different mobile platforms. In addition, these imaging sensors are combined with navigational tools (such as GPS and IMU), active sensors such as laser scanning and powerful processing tools to obtain high quality geospatial products. The quality (accuracy, completeness, consistency, etc.) of these geospatial products is based on the use of calibrated, high-quality digital camera systems. The new survey regulations of the state of Israel specify the quality requirements for each geospatial product including: maps at different scales and for different purposes, elevation models, orthophotographs, three-dimensional models at different levels of details (LOD) and more. In addition, the regulations require that digital camera systems used for mapping purposes should be certified using a rigorous mapping systems certification and validation process which is specified in the Director General Instructions. The Director General Instructions for digital camera systems certification specify a two-step process as follows: 1. Theoretical analysis of system components that includes: study of the accuracy of each component and an integrative error propagation evaluation, examination of the radiometric and spectral response curves for the imaging sensors, the calibration requirements, and the working procedures. 2. Empirical study of the digital mapping system that examines a typical project (product scale, flight height, number and configuration of ground control points and process). The study examine all the aspects of the final product including; its accuracy, the product pixels size

  16. Comparing Sustainable Forest Management Certifications Standards: A Meta-analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Joelyn Sarrah. Kozar; Michael Rawson. Clark

    2011-01-01

    To solve problems caused by conventional forest management, forest certification has emerged as a driver of sustainable forest management. Several sustainable forest management certification systems exist, including the Forest Stewardship Council and those endorsed by the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification, such as the Canadian Standards Association - Sustainable Forestry Management Standard CAN/CSA - Z809 and Sustainable Forestry Initiative. For consumers to use certified ...

  17. Key Impact Factors to Success of Forest Certification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Forest certification has developed very quickly across the world as one of the most important market initiative to promote sustainable forest management (SFM). Its success and effectiveness are influenced by some key factors, including credibility, cost effectiveness, certification standard, effectiveness, equitableness, government's role and laws/regulations framework. The paper analyzed these key factors to the success of forest certification and put forward relevant suggestions and advices for China to d...

  18. Software Defined Radio Certification in Europe: Challenges and Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Baldini, Gianmarco; Symeonidis, Dimitrios

    2010-01-01

    Standardization and certification of Software Defined Radio technologies are closely related. This paper describes the current standardization efforts for Software Defined Radio technologies in Europe and the related certification processes with a specific focus to the public safety and military domain. This paper describes the regulatory and technical requirements for the certification of Software Defined Radio in the European context, which is characterized by various political ...

  19. On the Detection of Fake Certificates via Attribute Correlation

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaojing Gu; Xingsheng Gu

    2015-01-01

    Transport Layer Security (TLS) and its predecessor, SSL, are important cryptographic protocol suites on the Internet. They both implement public key certificates and rely on a group of trusted certificate authorities (i.e., CAs) for peer authentication. Unfortunately, the most recent research reveals that, if any one of the pre-trusted CAs is compromised, fake certificates can be issued to intercept the corresponding SSL/TLS connections. This security vulnerability leads to catastrophic impac...

  20. Legal value of clinical competence and its certification

    OpenAIRE

    Antonino Zagari

    2013-01-01

    What is the legal value of the assessment and certification of professional skills and competence? The certification of skills can be defined as a process by which a third party gives written assurance that a person satisfies all requirements needed to operate to the highest professional standards in a specific field. Today, the certification of skill scan have a legal value in the context of professional responsibility when a judge has to assess the degree of expertise of a doctor who is und...

  1. Clearinghouse Loan Certificates as a Lender of Last Resort

    OpenAIRE

    Christopher Hoag

    2015-01-01

    Looking across multiple panics of the nineteenth century, this paper treats borrowing of clearinghouse loan certificates as borrowing from a lender of last resort. We evaluate individual bank use of clearinghouse loan certificates in New York City using bank balance sheet data. Bank capital ratios do not predict positive net borrowing. Lower pre-panic reserve ratios increased the probability of positive net borrowing of loan certificates.

  2. CERTIFICATE LESS KEY MANAGEMENT SCHEME IN MANET USING THRESHOLD CRYPTOGRAPHY

    OpenAIRE

    Shaheena Khatoon; Balwant Singh Thakur

    2015-01-01

    In mobile adhoc networks (MANETs) an efficient and secure key management scheme is extremely crucial. Key management schemes for MANETs are mainly based on identity-based public key cryptography (IDPKC) or certificate-based public key cryptography, both of which has their inherit problem. The ID-PKC has the key escrow problem and certificate based cryptography have a high computational costs of certificates deployment. In this paper, we present a distributed key management scheme,...

  3. Information technology industry certification's impact on undergraduate student perception of instructor effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, David L.

    The field of Computer Information Systems (CIS) or Information Technology (IT) is experiencing rapid change. A 2003 study analyzing the IT degree programs and those of competing disciplines at 10 post-secondary institutions concluded that information technology programs are perceived differently from information systems and computer science programs and are significantly less focused on both math and pure science subjects. In Information Technology programs, voluntary professional certifications, generally known in the Information Technology field as "IT" certifications, are used as indicators of professional skill. A descriptive study noting one subject group's responses to items that were nearly identical except for IT certification information was done to investigate undergraduate CIS/IT student perceptions of IT industry certified instructors. The subject group was comprised of undergraduate CIS/IT students from a regionally accredited private institution and a public institution. The methodology was descriptive, based on a previous model by Dr. McKillip, Professor of Psychology, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, utilizing a web-based survey instrument with a Likert scale, providing for voluntary anonymous responses outside the classroom over a ten day window. The results indicated that IT certification affected student perceptions of instructor effectiveness, teaching methodology, and student engagement in the class, and to a lesser degree, instructor technical qualifications. The implications suggest that additional research on this topic is merited. Although the study was not designed to examine the precise cause and effect, an important implication is that students may be motivated to attend classes taught by instructors they view as more confident and effective and that teachers with IT industry certification can better engage their students.

  4. Directory of certificates of compliance for radioactive materials packages: Certificates of compliance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory contains a Summary Report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Certificates of Compliance (Volume 2) for Radioactive Material Packages effective October 1, 1987. This directory makes available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the back of Volume 2 of the directory. A listing by packaging types is included in the back of Volume 2

  5. Photovoltaic module certification/laboratory accreditation criteria development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osterwald, C.R. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Hammond, R.L.; Wood, B.D.; Backus, C.E.; Sears, R.L. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States); Zerlaut, G.A. [SC-International Inc., Phoenix, AZ (United States); D`Aiello, R.V. [RD Associates, Tempe, AZ (United States)

    1995-04-01

    This document provides an overview of the structure and function of typical product certification/laboratory accreditation programs. The overview is followed by a model program which could serve as the basis for a photovoltaic (PV) module certification/laboratory accreditation program. The model covers quality assurance procedures for the testing laboratory and manufacturer, third-party certification and labeling, and testing requirements (performance and reliability). A 30-member Criteria Development Committee was established to guide, review, and reach a majority consensus regarding criteria for a PV certification/laboratory accreditation program. Committee members represented PV manufacturers, end users, standards and codes organizations, and testing laboratories.

  6. How much market do market-based instruments create? An analysis for the case of 'white' certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Among the diverse economic instruments to foster energy efficiency (EE) and climate protection, tradable certificates have been investigated for renewable energy, and the EU directive on an emissions-trading scheme for CO2 certificates has been approved in 2003. In contrast, tradable energy efficiency-or 'white'-certificates have only lately been considered as a market-based tool to foster EE as compared with standards and labelling, for example. Theoretically, there is little doubt about the advantages. In practice, however, some fundamental problems arise. Critical issues are the design of an efficient artificial market for white certificates, its compatibility with the European emissions-trading system, the identification of a suitable target group for an EE obligation and the measurement of energy savings as compared with a reference use of energy. We use the theoretical framework of transaction cost economics to elaborate these issues. We conclude that transaction costs and investment specificity will restrict markets for white certificates in practice. Long-term contracts rather than spot trade will be the prevailing form of governance for EE investments. (author)

  7. How much market do market-based instruments create? An analysis for the case of 'white' certificates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Among the diverse economic instruments to foster energy efficiency (EE) and climate protection, tradable certificates have been investigated for renewable energy, and the EU directive on an emissions-trading scheme for CO2 certificates has been approved in 2003. In contrast, tradable energy efficiency-or 'white'-certificates have only lately been considered as a market-based tool to foster EE as compared with standards and labelling, for example. Theoretically, there is little doubt about the advantages. In practice, however, some fundamental problems arise. Critical issues are the design of an efficient artificial market for white certificates, its compatibility with the European emissions-trading system, the identification of a suitable target group for an EE obligation and the measurement of energy savings as compared with a reference use of energy. We use the theoretical framework of transaction cost economics to elaborate these issues. We conclude that transaction costs and investment specificity will restrict markets for white certificates in practice. Long-term contracts rather than spot trade will be the prevailing form of governance for EE investments

  8. From bad pharma to good pharma: aligning market forces with good and trustworthy practices through accreditation, certification, and rating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jennifer E

    2013-01-01

    This article explores whether the bioethical performance and trustworthiness of pharmaceutical companies can be improved by harnessing market forces through the use of accreditation, certification, or rating. Other industries have used such systems to define best practices, set standards, and assess and signal the quality of services, processes, and products. These systems have also informed decisions in other industries about where to invest, what to buy, where to work, and when to regulate. Similarly, accreditation, certification, and rating programs can help drug companies address stakeholder concerns in four areas: clinical trial design and management, dissemination of clinical trial results, marketing practices, and the accessibility of medicines. To illuminate processes - such as conflicts of interests and revolving-door policies - that can jeopardize the integrity of accreditation, certification, and ratings systems, the article concludes with a consideration of recent failures of credit-rating agencies and a review of the regulatory capture literature. PMID:24088150

  9. 10 CFR 72.146 - Design control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Design control. 72.146 Section 72.146 Energy NUCLEAR... Design control. (a) The licensee, applicant for a license, certificate holder, and applicant for a CoC... shall establish measures for the identification and control of design interfaces and for...

  10. Vapor Hydrogen Peroxide Sterilization Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Fei; Chung, Shirley; Barengoltz, Jack

    For interplanetary missions landing on a planet of potential biological interest, United States NASA planetary protection currently requires that the flight system must be assembled, tested and ultimately launched with the intent of minimizing the bioload taken to and deposited on the planet. Currently the only NASA approved microbial reduction method is dry heat sterilization process. However, with utilization of such elements as highly sophisticated electronics and sensors in modern spacecraft, this process presents significant materials challenges and is thus an undesirable bioburden reduction method to design engineers. The objective of this work is to introduce vapor hydrogen peroxide (VHP) as an alternative to dry heat microbial reduction to meet planetary protection requirements. The VHP sterilization technology is widely used by the medical industry, but high doses of VHP may degrade the performance of flight hardware, or compromise material compatibility. The goal of our study is determine the minimum VHP process conditions for PP acceptable microbial reduction levels. A series of experiments were conducted using Geobacillus stearothermophilus to determine VHP process parameters that provided significant reductions in spore viability while allowing survival of sufficient spores for statistically significant enumeration. In addition to the obvious process parameters -hydrogen peroxide concentration, number of pulses, and exposure duration -the investigation also considered the possible effect of environmental pa-rameters. Temperature, relative humidity, and material substrate effects on lethality were also studied. Based on the results, a most conservative D value was recommended. This recom-mended D value was also validated using VHP "hardy" strains that were isolated from clean-rooms and environmental populations collected from spacecraft relevant areas. The efficiency of VHP at ambient condition as well as VHP material compatibility will also be

  11. The quality management system in education - implementation and certification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Michalska-Ćwiek

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of the study is to help the universities in implementing the Quality Management System (QMS.Design/methodology/approach: This paper presents detailed description of the process of implementation quality management system according to ISO 9001: 2008 standard, which has the significant influence on improving the quality of education. The various factors, which decide on the quality of the university have been desribed. The basis of the quality management system according to ISO 9001:2008 standard, which is the processes oriented were also presented.Findings: The own research gives the consciousness about all elements related to the quality and which have crucial impact on the quality management system in education. It can be stated that quality in educational process is understood as the agreement with settled requirements or the degree of the fulfilment of customers requirements or other interested parties, or also the degree of the fulfilment of the assessment criteria (e.g. to didactic tools, lecturers, the results of teaching, needs, satisfaction etc..Research limitations/implications: An interesting area of further research would be improvement activities taken at universities after certification quality management system.Practical implications: Findings from the paper and research are the clue that the quality management system, which became implemented, documented and is certified, assures the supervision over the whole university and makes possible the efficient management, monitoring and improvement of all processes and elements.Originality/value: The paper provides methodology for all universities who wish to implement the quality management system. Also the guidelines presented in the paper might be helpful for universities considering certification quality management system.

  12. Directory of certificates of compliance for radioactive materials packages. Volume 2. Certificates of compliance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This volume contains all certificates of compliance for radioactive material packages effective Nov. 30, 1977

  13. PROSPECTS FOR CERTIFICATION OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS ON THE "GREEN" STANDARDS IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TIMOSHENKO E. А.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Problem formulation. We consider the main principles of urban ecology as a basis for the creation and development of "green" building. The purpose of article. The purpose of this article is to analyze the international certification scheme for buildings "green" standards, as well as the prospects of Ukraine in the formation of national "green" standards in residential construction. Analysis of publications. The main objectives of promotion of "green" building and certification in Ukraine is the union of experts from various fields, training of the relevant standards, the development of the regulatory framework, as well as the market development of ecological materials and services, the positioning "green" construction as a rational approach to the design stage of the building, in the future will help to optimize operating costs. The presentation material. One of the primary tasks of promoting "green" building in Ukraine is to develop a national standard for green building, as there is currently no data on the systems of certified projects LEED, BREEAM and other voluntary rating systems. Conclusions lie in the feasibility of certification of real estate investors, tenants and designers of public buildings.

  14. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ISO 9001 CERTIFICATION MATURITY AND EFQM BUSINESS EXCELLENCE MODEL RESULTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel Fonseca

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This exploratory research evaluates if there a relationship between the number of years since an organization has achieved ISO 9001 certification and the highest level of recognition received by the same organization with the EFQM Business Excellence Model.Methodology/Approach: After state of the art review a detailed comparison between both models was made. Fifty two Portuguese organizations were considered and Correlation coefficient Spearman Rho was used to investigate the possible relationships.Findings: Conclusion is that there is indeed a moderate positive correlation between these two variables, the higher the number of years of ISO 9001 certification, the higher the results of the organization EFQM model evaluation and recognition. This supports the assumption that ISO 9001 International Standard by incorporating many of the principles present in the EFQM Business Excellence Model is consistent with this model and can be considered as a step towards that direction.Research Limitation/implication: Due to the dynamic nature of these models that might change over time and the possible time delays between implementation and results, more in-depth studies like experimental design or a longitudinal quasi-experimental design could be used to confirm the results of this investigation.Originality/Value of paper: This research gives additional insights on conjunct studies of both models. The use of external evaluation results carried out by the independent EFQM assessors minimizes the possible bias of previous studies accessing the value of ISO 9001 certification.

  15. Analysis of Beijing Oral English Certificate Test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵巍巍

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, assessing speaking has received a great degree of attention not only because it is difficult to develop and ad-minister, but also it plays a significant role in eliciting the purpose of foreign language learning. Studies on assessing speaking ex-plored different proposals influencing the test of speaking, such as the nature of speaking, basic types of speaking, mode of test and rating scales. This study compares different proposals for assessing speaking in foreign language learning. Deep analyses according to Beijing Oral English Certificate (BOEC) testing will be presented with the improvement suggestions.

  16. LPI Linux Certification in a Nutshell

    CERN Document Server

    Haeder, Adam; Pessanha, Bruno; Stanger, James

    2010-01-01

    Linux deployment continues to increase, and so does the demand for qualified and certified Linux system administrators. If you're seeking a job-based certification from the Linux Professional Institute (LPI), this updated guide will help you prepare for the technically challenging LPIC Level 1 Exams 101 and 102. The third edition of this book is a meticulously researched reference to these exams, written by trainers who work closely with LPI. You'll find an overview of each exam, a summary of the core skills you need, review questions and exercises, as well as a study guide, a practice test,

  17. Forcecom Developer Certification Handbook (DEV401)

    CERN Document Server

    Kabe, Siddhesh

    2012-01-01

    A practical guide that will help you discover fundamentals for building applications on Force.com without writing a single line of code. If you are new to the Force.com platform and want to learn from scratch, it is advisable that you begin with the first chapter and move on to the last. However, if you are familiar with Force.com and want to understand in detail some aspect of it, you can dip into any chapter. Each certification module is covered in a separate chapter, and is accompanied by questions being asked in the exams. Developers who need to prepare for the Salesforce.com Certified For

  18. Certification Process for Commercial Batteries for Payloads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeevarajan, Judith

    2007-01-01

    This viewgraph document reviews the use of electric batteries in space applications. Batteries are high energy devices that are used to power hardware for space applications The applications include IVA (Intra-Vehicular Activity) and EVA (Extra-Vehicular Activity) use. High energy batteries pose hazards such as cell/battery venting leading to electrolyte (liquid or gas) leakage, high temperatures, fire and explosion (shrapnel). It reviews the process of certifying of Commercial batteries for space applications in view of the multi-national purchasing for the International Space Station. The documentation used in the certification is reviewed.

  19. Training and Certification of Research Reactor Personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The safe operation of a research reactor requires that reactor personnel be fully trained and certified by the relevant authorities. Reactor operators at PUSPATI TRIGA Reactor underwent extensive training and are certified, ever since the reactor first started its operation in 1982. With the emphasis on enhancing reactor safety in recent years, reactor operator training and certification have also evolved. This paper discusses the changes that have to be implemented and the challenges encountered in developing a new training programme to be in line with the national standards. (author)

  20. [Medical certificates: law, deontology and practice].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillipart, Fr; Moulin, D; Pestiaux, D; Duyver, C

    2007-01-01

    At the start of the 21st century, in a society that gives the impression of switching century every five years because of its never-ending evolution, the general practitioner is confronted every day to more complex situations, including problems encountered at the legal level. These last few years, the legal interrogations relevant to medicine and its progress became considerably more extensive in Belgium, as in many other countries. The medical law and its regulation are the subject of many front titles in the press and of animated political debates. The main issues concern the organ transplantation, the meddling with human genetics, the questions related to the reproduction, euthanasia or the protection of the patient's rights. All these legal problems, without exception, are the subject of a great deal of attention in society and create to many controversies. The growing number of regulations in many fields of medicine, as well as their growing complexity, reinforces the importance of the medical law as a distinct discipline of legal sciences. More and more, the doctors of any qualification are required to guarantee, by adequate certificates, the health, the aptitude, the situation of disease of their patients. The patients can then have certain advantages granted by society. Out of concern for their patients, the experts are sometimes tempted not to be perfectly objective. This attitude can lead to penal or disciplinary sanctions and may undermine the confidence of people who exercise authority to give the requested advantages. The initial mistrust, which led to the system of the certificate, extends to those who were supposed to fully collaborate. How to leave this infernal round that sterilizes, denatures the medical act? While waiting for men of goodwill to consider the system and reform it, it remains with the writers of certificates to avoid the traps lying in their path. The purpose of this work is to propose models of certificate that experts can fill in

  1. Directory of Certificates of Compliance for Radioactive-Materials Packages. Summary report of NRC approved packages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory contains a Summary Report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Approved Packages (Volume I), all Certificates of Compliance (Volume 2), and Summary Report of NRC Approved Quality Assurance Programs (Volume 3) for Radioactive Material Packages effective December 31, 1982. The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the back of Volumes 1 and 2 of the directory. A listing by packaging types is included in the back of Volume 2. An alphabetical listing by company name is included in the back of Volume 3 for approved QA programs. The Summary Reports include a listing of all users of each package design and approved QA programs prior to the publication date of the directory

  2. Application of the digital watermarking technique in 2D barcode certificate anti-counterfeit systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, MuSheng; Lin, ShunDa

    2011-06-01

    At present, two dimensional barcode has been used in many fields. The safety of information in barcode is important, so this article brings up an effective two dimensional barcode encryption technology to assure it. Either two-dimensional barcode or digital watermarking technique is one of the most important parts and research focuses in anti-counterfeit fields. This paper designs and realizes a whole set of certificate administration system based on QRcode. On this platform the digital watermarking technique based on the spatial domain is used to encrypt the two dimensional barcode. The combination of two dimensional barcode and digital watermarking can improve the security and secrecy of personal information, and realize real anti-counterfeit certificates.

  3. Directory of certificates of compliance for radioactive materials packages, Report of NRC approved packages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory contains a Report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Approved Packages (Volume 1), Certificates of Compliance (Volume 2), and a Report of NRC Approved Quality Assurance Programs (Volume 3) for Radioactive Materials Packages effective October 1, 1990. The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the front of Volume 2 of the directory. A listing by packaging types is included in the back of Volume 2. An alphabetical listing by Company name is included in the back of Volume 3 for approved QA programs. The Reports include a listing of all users of each package design and approved QA programs prior to the publication date of the directory

  4. Willingness to pay for P.D.O. certification: an empirical investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Garavaglia

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to investigate consumer preferences and estimate their willingness to pay (WTP for P.D.O. (Protected Designation of Origin certification. The original contribution of this analysis is the evidence provided on regional differences among consumers in their evaluations. We interpret this result as the higher level of information available to consumers that live in the production region of the food product in question, thus giving less value to P.D.O. certification. The product that this study focuses on is Italian P.D.O. Fontina cheese. In order to conduct the study, we collected original data that we analyze through the conjoint analysis technique.

  5. Engineering assessment and certification of integrity of the 141-R1U1 tank system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graser, D.A. (Science Applications International Corp. (USA))

    1990-09-01

    This Engineering Assessment and Certification of Integrity of retention tank 141-R1U1 is in response to the requirements of 40 CFR 265.191 for an existing tank system that stores hazardous waste and does not have secondary containment. This technical assessment has been reviewed by an independent, qualified, California registered professional engineer, who has certified the tank system to be adequately designed and compatible with the stored waste so that it will not collapse rupture, or fail. This document will be kept on file at the facility. Onground retention tanks 141-R1O1 and 141-R1O2, which are also part of the 141-R1 retention tank system, do not have secondary containment; consequently, certification documentation for these tanks is not included in this assessment. A discussion of the onground tanks, however, is included in this report to provide a complete description of the 141-R1 retention tank system. 8 refs., 7 figs.

  6. Directory of Certificates of Compliance for Radioactive Materials Packages: Report of NRC approved packages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory contains a Report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Approved Packages (Volume 1), all Certificates of Compliance (Volume 2), and a Report of NRC Approved Quality Assurance Programs (Volume 3) for Radioactive Material Packages effective October 1, 1988. The purpose of this directory is to make available a convenient source of information on packagings which have been approved by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To assist in identifying packaging, an index by Model Number and corresponding Certificate of Compliance Number is included at the front of Volume 2 of the directory. A listing by packaging types is included in the back of Volume 2. An alphabetical listing by Company name is included in the back of Volume 3 for approved QA programs. The Reports include a listing of all users of each package design and approved QA programs prior to the publication date of the directory

  7. 31 CFR 223.16 - List of certificate holding companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false List of certificate holding companies...) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE SURETY COMPANIES DOING BUSINESS WITH THE UNITED STATES § 223.16 List of certificate holding companies. A list of qualified companies...

  8. Supporting Female Students in Mathematics for Alternative Certification Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Brian R.

    2013-01-01

    This article is a follow-up to the last editor's perspective article about supporting new alternative certification teachers as they teach students from underrepresented groups in mathematics (Evans, 2013). The focus for this article narrows the scope to emphasize support needed for female mathematics students. Alternative certification teachers…

  9. 41 CFR 105-57.007 - Certification by employer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... employer. 105-57.007 Section 105-57.007 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property... Administration 57-ADMINISTRATION WAGE GARNISHMENT § 105-57.007 Certification by employer. The employer must complete and return the SF 329D (Employer Certification) to GSA within the time frame prescribed in...

  10. 45 CFR 32.7 - Certification by employer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification by employer. 32.7 Section 32.7 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE WAGE GARNISHMENT § 32.7 Certification by employer. The employer must complete and return the SF-329D,...

  11. The Evolution of an Online Substance Abuse Counseling Certificate Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crozier, Mary K.

    2012-01-01

    In the field of rehabilitation services, substance abuse counseling requires unique skills. Post-baccalaureate academic certificate programs offer professionals an opportunity to retool or expand their skills and meet licensure needs in this evolving field. East Carolina University's online Substance Abuse Counseling Certificate Program was…

  12. 32 CFR 644.511 - Certificate of competency by SBA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Certificate of competency by SBA. 644.511 Section... Stone § 644.511 Certificate of competency by SBA. Section 8(b)(7) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(b)(7)) authorizes the SBA to certify the competency of a small business concern as to capacity...

  13. Overview of recent developments in sustainable biomass certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this paper is to give a comprehensive review of initiatives on biomass certification from different viewpoints of stakeholders, including national governments (such as The Netherlands, the UK, Belgium and Germany), the EC, NGOs, companies, and international bodies up until October 2007. Furthermore, opportunities and restrictions in the development of biomass certification are described, including international trade law limitations, lack of adequate methodologies, stakeholder involvement requirements and certification costs. Next, five different approaches for the implementation of a biomass certification system are compared and discussed. Main differences are the voluntary or mandatory character and the geographical extent of the proposed strategies in terms of biomass end-use. It is concluded that criteria to ensure the sustainable production of biomass are needed urgently. To some extent criteria categories can be covered using existing systems, but others (such as GHG and energy balances, changing land-use) require the development of new methodologies. A gradual development of certification systems with learning (through pilot studies and research) and expansion over time, linked to the development of advanced methodologies can provide valuable experience, and further improve the feasibility and reliability of biomass certification systems. However, better international coordination between initiatives is required to improve coherence and efficiency in the development of sustainable biomass certification systems, to avoid the proliferation of standards and to provide a clearer direction in the approach to be taken. Finally, next to certification, alternative policy tools should be considered as well to ensure sustainable biomass production. (author)

  14. 76 FR 50808 - Certification Related to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Certification Related to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal Pursuant to the authority vested in the Secretary of State... ``Khmer Rouge Tribunal''). This Certification and related Memorandum of Justification shall be provided...

  15. 7 CFR 1530.110 - Records, certification, and documentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Records, certification, and documentation. 1530.110...-EXPORT PROGRAM, AND THE POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOL PROGRAM § 1530.110 Records, certification, and documentation. (a) A licensee shall establish a documentation agreement with the Licensing Authority...

  16. Certification of passive houses: lessons from real indoor climate systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mlecnik, E.

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines if and how indoor climate systems are important for passive house certification. The research subjects are passive houses in Belgium, occupied by owner-clients. These have received a quality assurance certificate from an independent organization. Through interviews with the owner

  17. 28 CFR 20.22 - Certification of compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... unreasonable cost or do not exceed existing technical ability. (b) The certification shall include— (1) An... description of the steps taken to overcome any fiscal, technical, and administrative barriers to the... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification of compliance....

  18. Dynamic Vector Space Secret Sharing Based on Certificates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Chunxiang; LI Jiajia; LIU Dongsu

    2006-01-01

    A vector space secret sharing scheme based on certificates is proposed in this paper. The difficulties of solving discrete logarithm assure confidential information's security, and the use of each participant's certificate makes the dealer have no need to transfer secret information to the participants. The proposed scheme is dynamic. It can effectively check cheaters and does not have secure channel requirements.

  19. 20 CFR 601.4 - Certification for tax credit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification for tax credit. 601.4 Section 601.4 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ADMINISTRATIVE... and Additional Tax Credit and Grant Purposes § 601.4 Certification for tax credit. (a) Within 30...

  20. 14 CFR 65.103 - Repairman certificate: Privileges and limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Repairman certificate: Privileges and limitations. 65.103 Section 65.103 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... instructions of the certificate holder by whom the repairman is employed and the manufacturer's...