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Sample records for cesarean section delivery

  1. Vaginal delivery versus cesarean section for term breech delivery

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    Babović Ivana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. The optimal method of delivery for breech presentation at term still remains a matter of controversy. This is probably due to the fact that the skills of vaginal breech delivery are being lost. The aim of this study was to examine risk factors: mother's age, parity, labor's duration, estimated neonatal birth weight for the mode of breech presentation delivery at term as well as the influence of the delivery mode on neonatal outcome. Methods. A retrospective study of 401 terms (more than 37 week's gestation breech deliveries at the Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Belgrade, from 2007 to 2008 was made. The following groups with respect to mode of delivery were included: the group I - vaginal delivery (VD in 139 patients; the group II - urgent cesarean section (UCS in 128 patients; and the group III - elective cesarean section (ECS in 134 patients. Mother's age, parity, duration of VD, neonatal birth weight (BW, the Apgar score at 5th minute, and duration of stay in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU vere determined. Neonatal mortality and major neonatal morbidity were compared according to the route of delivery. Fetuses and neonates with hemolytic disease and fetal and neonatal anomalies were excluded from the study. For statistical analyses we performed Student's t test, χ2 likelihood ratio, Kruskall-Wallis test, Mann Whitney test, and ANOVA. Results. The mean age of patients in the group I was 28.29 ± 4.97 years, in the group II 29.68 ± 5.92 years and in the group III 30.06 ± 5.41 years. Difference in mother's age between the group I and III was significant (p = 0.022. In the group III there were 73.9% nuliparous similarly to the gropu II (73.4%. We performed ECS in 54.6% of the nuliparous older than 35 years, and 54.4% multiparous younger than 35 years were delivered by VD. The use of oxytocin for stimulation of vaginal labor was not associated with its duration (p = 0.706. Lowset maneuver was performed in 88.5% of

  2. Cesarean Section

    Science.gov (United States)

    A Cesarean section (C-section) is surgery to deliver a baby. The baby is taken out through the mother's abdomen. In the United ... three women has their babies this way. Some C-sections are planned, but many are done when ...

  3. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... hear the baby and the baby will be right here with her immediately after delivery. So we' ... a repeat cesarean section, we make the incision right through the patient's previous incision. This is called ...

  4. A Case of Idiopathic Severe Acute Pancreatitis following Cesarean Section Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jung; Choi, Jin Ho; Shin, Bang Sup; Nam, Joon Yeul; Kang, Eun Ae; Kim, Joo Seong; Hwang, Jin Hyeok; Kim, Jaihwan

    2016-09-25

    Acute pancreatitis rarely occurs in the postpartum period. Furthermore, there are very few reports of it after cesarean section delivery. A 35-year-old woman presented with dyspnea and abdominal distension on the third day after cesarean section delivery. Under a suspicion of acute pancreatitis, she was initially managed with conservative treatment. However, she developed intra-abdominal fluid collections and gastric bleeding, which were managed with percutaneous drainage, endoscopic hemostasis, and angiographic embolization. She was discharged with good clinical recovery. Postpartum pancreatitis, especially after cesarean section, is rare; however, its management is not different from that for usual pancreatitis. PMID:27646587

  5. Risk factors for cesarean section and instrumental vaginal delivery after successful external cephalic version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Hundt, Marcella; Vlemmix, Floortje; Bais, Joke M J; de Groot, Christianne J; Mol, Ben Willem; Kok, Marjolein

    2016-06-01

    Aim of this article is to examine if we could identify factors that predict cesarean section and instrumental vaginal delivery in women who had a successful external cephalic version. We used data from a previous randomized trial among 25 hospitals and their referring midwife practices in the Netherlands. With the data of this trial, we performed a cohort study among women attempting vaginal delivery after successful ECV. We evaluated whether maternal age, gestational age, parity, time interval between ECV and delivery, birth weight, neonatal gender, and induction of labor were predictive for a vaginal delivery on one hand or a CS or instrumental vaginal delivery on the other hand. Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios were calculated with univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Among 301 women who attempted vaginal delivery after a successful external cephalic version attempt, the cesarean section rate was 13% and the instrumental vaginal delivery rate 6%, resulting in a combined instrumental delivery rate of 19%. Nulliparity increased the risk of cesarean section (OR 2.7 (95% CI 1.2-6.1)) and instrumental delivery (OR 4.2 (95% CI 2.1-8.6)). Maternal age, gestational age at delivery, time interval between external cephalic version and delivery, birth weight and neonatal gender did not contribute to the prediction of failed spontaneous vaginal delivery. In our cohort of 301 women with a successful external cephalic version, nulliparity was the only one of seven factors that predicted the risk for cesarean section and instrumental vaginal delivery. PMID:26333291

  6. The intelligence quotient of school aged children delivered by cesarean section and vaginal delivery

    OpenAIRE

    Khadem, Nayereh; Khadivzadeh, Talaat

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There has always been an asking question with physicians and health staff whether delivery mode can effect on child intelligence. This study was conducted to compare the intelligence quotient (IQ) of school aged children delivered by cesarean section and vaginal delivery in Mashhad, Iran. METHODS: This study conducted in two stages; a cross-sectional section in which 5000 randomly selected children, who were 6-7 years old, attended at 10 Cognitive Examination Posts in Mashhad. The...

  7. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... cesarean section delivery during this hour-long period. I am Dr. Reagan Wittek. I am an obstetrician with Shawnee Mission Medical Center ... joined us for this webcast. Next to me I have Dr. Elizabeth Wickstrom, who is a maternal- ...

  8. Cesarean Sections

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... arise with the mother and/or baby during pregnancy or labor. An emergency C-section might be required if: labor stops ... of possible problems with the placenta during future pregnancies. In the case of emergency C-sections, the benefits usually far outweigh the ...

  9. Cesarean section changes neonatal gut colonization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stokholm, Jakob; Thorsen, Jonathan; Chawes, Bo L;

    2016-01-01

    delivery, 12% by means of emergency cesarean section, and 9% by means of elective cesarean section. Birth by means of cesarean section was significantly associated with colonization of the intestinal tract by Citrobacter freundii, Clostridium species, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella...

  10. Feto-maternal Outcomes in Cesarean Section Compared to Vaginal Delivery in Eclamptic Patients in a Tertiary Level Hospital

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    Arifa Akter Jahan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Over half-a-million women die each year from pregnancy-related causes, and 99 percent of these occur in developing countries. In Bangladesh though maternal mortality rate (MMR declined significantly around 40% in the past decade, still eclampsia accounts for 20% of maternal deaths. Eclampsia is uniquely a disease of pregnancy, and the only cure is delivery regardless of gestational age. A rational therapy for general management of hypertension and convulsion has been established in Bangladesh by the Eclampsia Working Group. But controversy still exists regarding obstetric management. Objective: To evaluate the feto-maternal outcome in cesarean section compared to vaginal delivery in eclamptic patients. Materials and Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted in the department of Obstretics & Gynecology, Dhaka Medical College & Hospital (DMCH, from January to December 2011. A total 100 eclamptic women with term pregnancy and live fetus were purposively included in the study (Group I, 50 patients with vaginal delivery and Group II, 50 with cesarean section. Results: Out of these 100 patients 56% were aged ≤20 years, 71% were primigravida and 77% were from low socioeconomic status. Sixteen percent patients from vaginal delivery group and 18% from cesarean section group had no antenatal care. The mean gestational age was about 38 weeks in two groups. No significant difference was found between the two groups regarding blood pressure, proteinuria, consciousness level and convulsion. Recurrence of convulsion occurred in 30% patients of vaginal delivery group compared to 6% in cesarean section group. Maternal complications such as postpartum hemorrhage, cerebrovascular accident, renal failure, obstetric shock and abruptio placenta were higher among vaginal delivery group patients (46% than cesarean section patients (16%. Maternal mortality was 6% in the vaginal delivery group and none in the cesarean section group. Regarding

  11. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... after delivery. And that's over here so that mom can hear the baby and the baby will ... So we don't encourage elective first-time moms having a cesarean birth. 00:09:12 LEAH ...

  12. Trial of labor compared to repeat cesarean section in women with no other risk factors than a prior cesarean delivery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Studsgaard, Anne; Skorstengaard, Malene; Glavind, Julie;

    2013-01-01

    prior vaginal delivery (adjusted OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-3.0), index emergency cesarean during labor (adjusted OR 3.0, 95% CI 2.3-4.1), maternal age ≥35 years (adjusted OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.3-2.8), pre-pregnancy body mass index ≥30 (adjusted OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.3-3.3), and birthweight 4000-4499 g (adjusted OR 1...... prospective registration of the deliveries. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adverse neonatal outcomes, risk factors for emergency cesarean, and uterine rupture in case of TOLAC. RESULTS: TOLAC was associated with an increased risk of neonatal depression [odds ratio (OR) 3.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-19.1] and...... neonatal intensive care unit admission (adjusted OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.3-2.8). Within the TOLAC group 67% delivered vaginally. In the TOLAC group 1.3% (n = 15) of the women had a complete uterine rupture. None of these infants had sequelae after 12 months. Significant risk factors for emergency cesarean were no...

  13. The risk of emergency cesarean section after failure of vaginal delivery according to prepregnancy body mass index or gestational weight gain by the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Ha Yan; Kwon, Ja-Young; Park, Yong Won

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the risk of emergency cesarean section according to the prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain per the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines. Methods A retrospective analysis of data from 2,765 women with singleton full-term births (2009 to 2012) who attempted a vaginal delivery was conducted. Pregnancies with preeclampsia, chronic hypertension, diabetes, planned cesarean section, placenta previa, or cesarean section due to fetal anomalies or intrauterine growth restriction were excluded. Odds ratios (ORs) and confidence intervals (CIs) for emergency cesarean section were calculated after adjusting for prepregnancy BMI or gestational weight gain. Results Three-hundred and fifty nine (13.0%) women underwent emergency cesarean section. The adjusted OR for overweight, obese, and extremely obese women indicated a significantly increased risk of cesarean delivery. Gestational weight gain by Institute of Medicine guidelines was not associated with an increased risk of cesarean delivery. However, inadequate and excessive weight gain in obese women was highly associated with an increased risk of emergency cesarean section, compared to these in normal BMI (OR, 5.56; 95% CI, 1.36 to 22.72; OR, 3.63; 95% CI, 1.05 to 12.54; respectively), while there was no significant difference between normal BMI and obese women with adequate weight gain. Conclusion Obese women should be provided special advice before and during pregnancy for controlling weight and careful consideration should be needed at the time of vaginal delivery to avoid emergency cesarean section. PMID:27200306

  14. The Intention of Delivery Room Staff to Encourage the Presence of Husbands/Partners at Cesarean Sections

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    Yaira Gutman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. In recent years, more and more delivery rooms have allowed husbands/partners to be present during a Cesarean section Nonetheless, many still oppose the idea. The study is designed to investigate the attitudes of Israeli gynecologists, anesthetists, operating-room nurses, and midwives on this issue. Design. The study's theoretical model comes from Fishbein and Ajzen's theory of reasoned action. A self-administered questionnaire was submitted to convenience sample. Subjects. 96 gynecologists, anesthetists, midwives, and operating-room nurses. Results. Significant differences were found between the occupational subgroups. Most of the findings supported the four hypotheses tested and confirmed earlier studies designed to verify the theoretical model. Conclusions. The main conclusion drawn is that delivery and operating-room staff need to be trained in the skills needed to promote the active participation of the baby's father in delivery and, if necessary, in a Cesarean section.

  15. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available CESAREAN SECTION SHAWNEE MISSION MEDICAL CENTER MERRIAM, KANSAS March 13, 2008 00:00:09 ANNOUNCER: Tonight you will experience the miracle of birth during a live Internet broadcast from Shawnee Mission Medical Center in Merriam, Kansas. Over the next hour, ...

  16. Cesarean section without clinical indication versus vaginal delivery as a paradigmatic model in the discourse of medical setting decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demontis, Roberto; Pisu, Salvatore; Pintor, Michela; D'aloja, Ernesto

    2011-12-01

    Natural childbirth has ceased to be considered the gold standard in the delivery room. For this reason cesarean section on demand is increasing. Many obstetricians justify this phenomenon on evidence-based obstetrical practice. However, other pieces of evidence demonstrate that the data are often a product of the social milieu, and as stated by Wendland, "technology magically wards off the unpredictability and danger of birth". In a recent paper, Kalish pointed out several problems with cesarean deliveries in the absence of medical indications regarding issues of good clinical practice, autonomy, and informed consent. From the late 1990s, the medical community began to speak in favor of women's autonomy in childbirth decisions thus supporting the maternal choice and request for a cesarean section. Starting from these new considerations, it is of primary importance to understand whether emphasizing patient's autonomy is the best, or the only, way to helping the medical decisional process. This general approach may be helpful in all the other cases in which patient's autonomy and physician's responsibility appear to be intertwined in an apparent conflicting manner. We fear that the rhetoric of autonomous choice represents a fundamental shift from medicine-based beneficence toward a perilous relationship founded mainly on patient's wishes, representing a dangerous slippery slope where the physician could be reduced to the role of a functionary delegated to execute patient's claims and demands. PMID:21158491

  17. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... c-section delivery without labor, there's an increased risk for the baby to need some extra help. ... with each successive c-section, there's an increased risk of there being scar tissue, which may increase ...

  18. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... JODI JACKSON, MD: Anytime that you have a c-section delivery without labor, there's an increased risk ... important to think about the reasons why a c-section is indicated. The literature suggests that once ...

  19. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... you will experience the miracle of birth during a live Internet broadcast from Shawnee Mission Medical Center ... hour, operating surgeon Dr. Leah Ridgway will perform a caesarean section delivery while Dr. Reagan Wittek will ...

  20. Patterns of deliveries in a Brazilian birth cohort: almost universal cesarean sections for the better-off

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    Aluísio J D Barros

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the patterns of deliveries in a birth cohort and to compare vaginal and cesarean section deliveries. METHODS: All children born to mothers from the urban area of Pelotas, Brazil, in 2004, were recruited for a birth cohort study. Mothers were contacted and interviewed during their hospital stay when extensive information on the gestation, the birth and the newborn, along with maternal health history and family characteristics was collected. Maternal characteristics and childbirth care financing - either private or public healthcare (SUS patients - were the main factors investigated along with a description of C-sections distribution according to day of the week and delivery time. Standard descriptive techniques, Χ² tests for comparing proportions and Poisson regression to explore the independent effect of C-section predictors were the methods used. RESULTS: The overall C-section rate was 45%, 36% among SUS and 81% among private patients, where 35% of C-sections were reported elective. C-sections were more frequent on Tuesdays and Wednesdays, reducing by about a third on Sundays, while normal deliveries had a uniform distribution along the week. Delivery time for C-sections was markedly different among public and private patients. Maternal schooling was positively associated with C-section among SUS patients, but not among private patients. CONCLUSIONS: C-sections were almost universal among the wealthier mothers, and strongly related to maternal education among SUS patients. The patterns we describe are compatible with the idea that C-sections are largely done to suit the doctor's schedule. Drastic action is called for to change the current situation.

  1. Feasibility of abdominoplasty with Cesarean section

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    Thabet WN

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Wael Naeem Thabet1, Ahmad Samir Hossny1, Nadine Alaa Sherif21Department of General Surgery, 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cairo University, Cairo, EgyptAbstract: Abdominoplasty is an esthetic surgical procedure that restores abdominal contouring. Repeated pregnancies combined with advancing maternal age usually lead to lower abdominal skin redundancy and excess fat accumulation. Delivery via Cesarean section adds weakness to the lower abdominal wall muscles and yields a lower transverse Cesarean scar. Some patients request whether abdominoplasty can be performed with Cesarean section in the same setting, to avoid a future surgery. This study was designed to evaluate the outcome of combined abdominoplasty with Cesarean section. The study included 50 pregnant women from September 2009 to June 2010 with an average follow-up period of 9 months. Nine patients (18% developed wound infection; three of them (6% developed wound dehiscence. Six patients (12% developed lower abdominal skin necrosis; three of them (6% were treated conservatively and healed by secondary intention, while surgical debridement and secondary sutures were needed in the other three patients (6%. Residual abdominal skin redundancy in nine patients (18%, outward bulging of the abdomen and lack of waist definition in 16 patients (32%, and outward bulging of the umbilicus in twelve patients (24% were the reported unesthetic results. The results were compared with results of 80 abdominoplasties in nonpregnant women.Keywords: abdominoplasty, Cesarean section, pregnancy

  2. Vaginal birth after cesarean section

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    Vidyadhar B Bangal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The rate of primary cesarean section (CS is on the rise. More and more women report with a history of a previous CS. A trial of vaginal delivery can save these women from the risk of repeat CS. Aims: The study was conducted to assess the safety and success rate of vaginal birth after CS (VBAC in selected cases of one previous lower segment CS (LSCS. Materials and Methods: The prospective observational study was carried out in a tertiary care teaching hospital over a period of two years. One hundred pregnant women with a history of one previous LSCS were enrolled in the study. Results: In the present study, 85% cases had a successful VBAC and 15% underwent a repeat emergency LSCS for failed trial of vaginal delivery. Cervical dilatation of more than 3 cm at the time of admission was a significant factor in favor of a successful VBAC. Birth weight of more than 3,000 g was associated with a lower success rate of VBAC. The incidence of scar dehiscence was 2% in the present study. There was no maternal or neonatal mortality. Conclusion: Trial of VBAC in selected cases has great importance in the present era of the rising rate of primary CS especially in rural areas.

  3. Cesarean Section in Morbidly Obese Parturients: Practical Implications and Complications

    OpenAIRE

    Lovina SM Machado

    2012-01-01

    The prevalence of obesity has reached pandemic proportions across nations. Morbid obesity has a dramatic impact on pregnancy outcome. Cesarean section in these women poses many surgical, anesthetic, and logistical challenges. In view of the increased risk of cesarean delivery in morbidly obese women, the practical implications and complications are reviewed in this article. A Medline search was conducted to review the recent relevant articles in english literature on cesarean section in morbi...

  4. Evolution & the Cesarean Section Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Joseph A.

    2008-01-01

    "Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution." This was the title of an essay by geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky writing in 1973. Many causes have been given for the increased Cesarean section rate in developed countries, but biologic evolution has not been one of them. The C-section rate will continue to rise, because the…

  5. Cesarean Section Birth

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    Full Text Available ... and that's our warmer where the baby will go after delivery. And that's over here so that ... immediately after delivery. So we're going to go ahead and get started. We've already tested ...

  6. Analytical study of indications of cesarean section

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    Janki M. Pandya

    2015-10-01

    Conclusions: Reduction of number of primary cesarean sections and successful VBAC trials are recommended to keep the rate of cesarean sections to the possible minimum level. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(5.000: 1460-1463

  7. Cesarean Section Birth

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    Full Text Available ... experience the miracle of birth during a live Internet broadcast from Shawnee Mission Medical Center in Merriam, ... later if you prefer. Now let me turn things over to the obstetrician performing the delivery to ...

  8. Cesarean Section Birth

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    Full Text Available ... to make sure that the baby's mature and lungs are ready for delivery. So anytime typically a ... of life is very helpful. It helps the lungs open up, helps her be able to take ...

  9. Cesarean Section Birth

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    Full Text Available ... viewer questions during the delivery. Or-Live makes it easy for you to learn more. Just click ... program. Also, we will archive this program and it will be available to you through this website ...

  10. Cesarean Section Birth

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    Full Text Available ... traditional vaginal delivery, especially for first-time expecting mothers? 00:08:17 ELIZABETH WICKSTROM, MD: Because c- ... the baby to do so and for the mother to do so. So we don't encourage ...

  11. Management of Cesarean Deliveries and Cesarean Scars With Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment: A Brief Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martingano, Daniel

    2016-07-01

    Cesarean scars pose a unique set of risks for women who have had previous cesarean deliveries. Between 1996 and 2007, the rate of trial of labor after previous cesarean delivery increased, along with reported rates of uterine rupture and other complications. Consequently, trial of labor after previous cesarean delivery and resultant vaginal birth after cesarean delivery have decreased and cesarean delivery has increased. With nearly one-third of women having cesarean delivery, the rate of rare complications such as cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy has also increased. An integration of osteopathic manipulative treatment techniques into the management of cesarean deliveries and cesarean scars has yet to be defined. The author presents 4 cases of cesarean delivery in which osteopathic manipulative treatment was integrated with successful outcomes.

  12. Perspectives of cesarean section in buffaloes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    G N Purohit; Mitesh Gaur; Amit Kumar; Chandra Shekher; Swati Ruhil

    2013-01-01

    Cesarean section in buffaloes is an emergency operative procedure being performed prinicipally for uncorrectable uterine torsions and for delivery of fetal monsters. Left paramedian (lateral and parallel to the milk vein) and oblique ventrolateral (above arcus cruralis) are the two common operative sites used for buffalo caesarean section. Although many anesthetic combinations including intravenous and inhalation anesthetic procedures have been experimented in the buffalo species yet most caesarean sections in buffaloes are satisfactorily performed in right lateral recumbency under mild sedation and local infiltration analgesia or paravertebral nerve blocks. The history, indications, anesthesia, operative procedures, post operative complications and future fertility following caesarean section in buffalo are described.

  13. Adverse birth outcome: a comparative analysis between cesarean section and vaginal delivery at Felegehiwot Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a retrospective record review

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    Abebe Eyowas F

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Fantu Abebe Eyowas,1 Ashebir Kidane Negasi,1 Gizachew Eyassu Aynalem,1 Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku2 1International NGO, Strengthening Human Resource for Health, Bahir Dar, 2Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia Introduction: Some studies favor elective cesarean delivery, and other surveys benefit vaginal delivery, while others emphasize that the quality of care during labor, birth, and immediate postpartum period plays a great role than the route of delivery. However, little information is locally available regarding the incidences of adverse birth outcome with respect to the route of delivery. Methods: This study was a retrospective analysis of eligible patient records that included 3,003 pregnant women who had undergone either cesarean or vaginal delivery from July 1, 2012, to June 31, 2013. Pretested questionnaire was used to collect the data. The completeness and consistency of the data were checked, cleaned, and double entered to EPI-INFO 3.5.2 and analyzed with SPSS V20. Independent sample t-test and chi-square test were conducted to compare the outcome of vaginal delivery and cesarean section (CS using index variables. Significance was taken at P<0.05. Results: Among the enrolled women, 760 mothers had CS delivery and the remaining 2,243 mothers delivered vaginally. Children born through CS (mean =6.83, standard deviation =1.31 had a significantly lower first-minute Apgar score than those in the vaginal delivery group (mean =7.19, standard deviation =1.18, P=0.001. Similarly, the observed respiratory distress syndrome (c2=0.09, P=0.793 and neonatal transfer rate to neonatal intensive care unit (c2=0.086, P=0.766 were more in neonates delivered by CS than those in the vaginally delivered group. Besides, the observed neonatal death (c2=0.675, P=0.411 and maternal death (c2= 8.878, P=0.003 were higher among CS deliveries compared with vaginal deliveries. Conclusion: Neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality appear

  14. Cesarean Section Birth

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... may increase the patient's risk for complications or injury to surrounding organs such as bowel or bladder. ... sections, there's a risk of scar tissue and injury to surrounding organs. So I think it's oftentimes ...

  15. Cesarean section in sub-Saharan Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Margo S; Goldenberg, Robert L

    2016-01-01

    Cesarean section is an essential maternal healthcare service. Its role in labor and delivery care in low- and middle-income countries is complex; in many low-resource settings it is underutilized in the most needy of populations and overused by the less needy, without clear methods to ensure that universal access is available. Additionally, even if universal access were available, it is not evident that these countries would have the capacity or the finances to appropriate meet demand for the procedure, or that patients would want to utilize the care. This review summarizes the literature and illustrates the complicated relationship that cesarean section, which is rapidly on the rise around the world, has with individuals, communities, and nations in sub-Saharan Africa. PMID:27398224

  16. Comparison of Obstetric Outcome in Terms of the Risk of Low Birth Weight, Preterm Delivery, Cesarean Section Rate and Anemia in Primigravid Adolescents and Older Primigravida

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To compare the obstetric outcome in terms of risk of low birth weight, preterm delivery, cesarean section rate and anemia in primigravid adolescents and older primigravida. Study Design: Cohort study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore, from July to December 2012. Methodology: Three hundred primigravid women presenting to department of obstetrics and gynecology of Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore, having live singleton pregnancy, including 150 adolescents (A/sup 2/ 19 years) and 150 adults (A/sup 3/ 20 years) were studied. Obstetric outcome in terms of gestational age at delivery, infant's birth weight, presence of anemia and cesarean section rate was compared between two groups. Results were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16. Chi-square test was applied with 0.05 as level of significance. Results: The mean age of adolescent subjects was 17.3 + 1.5 years and of adults 25.6 + 3.4 years. Mean gestational age at delivery was similar in two groups (39.2 weeks and 39.4 weeks, p = 0.37). Adolescents were more likely to have a preterm delivery (11.2% vs. 4.9%, p = 0.04) and low birth weight infants (19.3% vs. 8.2%, p = 0.005) than adults. Adolescents were more likely to be anemic (46% vs. 32%, p = 0.01) than adults. However, cesarean section rate was not statistically different between two groups. Conclusion: This study showed that primiparous adolescents have significantly higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm delivery, low birth weight infants and anemia as compared to adult primiparas. (author)

  17. Feasibility of abdominoplasty with Cesarean section [Retraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thabet WN

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The Editor-in-Chief and Publisher of the International Journal of Women’s Health have been alerted by Dr Nadine Sherif, the corresponding author, to unacceptable levels of duplication with a previously published paper: Ali A, Essam A. Abdominoplasty Combined with Cesarean Delivery: Evaluation of the Practice. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 2011;35(1:80–86.It is worth noting that this paper was peer-reviewed by two peer-reviewers and the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Women’s Health before publication. The paper concerned is: Thabet WN, Hossny AS, Sherif NA. Feasibility of abdominoplasty with Cesarean section. International Journal of Women’s Health. 2012;4:115–121.

  18. How to improve quality of cesarean section in sub-saharan Africa countries?

    OpenAIRE

    Zongo, Koudnoaga Augustin

    2015-01-01

    Cesarean rates are rising steadily worldwide. In recent years, there has been an increasing cesarean rates in low-resource countries despite the World Health Organization recommended to not exceed 10-15%. In Senegal and Mali free cesarean policies were implemented nationally since 2005 and have contributed to increase the access to cesarean section. Access to cesarean deliveries has been improved substantially but quality of care has not always followed. However, excessive increase in cesarea...

  19. Cesarean Section and Chronic Immune Disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sevelsted, Astrid; Stokholm, Jakob; Bønnelykke, Klaus;

    2015-01-01

    analyses. RESULTS: Children delivered by cesarean delivery had significantly increased risk of asthma, systemic connective tissue disorders, juvenile arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, immune deficiencies, and leukemia. No associations were found between cesarean delivery and type 1 diabetes, psoriasis......OBJECTIVES: Immune diseases such as asthma, allergy, inflammatory bowel disease, and type 1 diabetes have shown a parallel increase in prevalence during recent decades in westernized countries. The rate of cesarean delivery has also increased in this period and has been associated...... with the development of some of these diseases. METHODS: Mature children born by cesarean delivery were analyzed for risk of hospital contact for chronic immune diseases recorded in the Danish national registries in the 35-year period 1977-2012. Two million term children participated in the primary analysis. We...

  20. Per operative findings in repeat cesarean section

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    Parul Sinha

    2016-04-01

    Conclusions: Chances of developing adhesions increases with each cesarean section, which leads to increase in morbidity of women. Thus cases of previous cesarean section should be educated about routine antenatal care. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(4.000: 1093-1096

  1. Educational strategies in performing cesarean section

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Kristine; Grønbeck, Lene; Larsen, Christian Rifbjerg;

    2012-01-01

    Cesarean section is a common operation and one of the first surgeries performed independently by trainees/residents in obstetrics and gynecology. Determination of trainees' technical skills level is dependent upon subjective faculty assessment. Based on three studies on learning curves in cesarean...

  2. 剖宫产术后再次妊娠分娩方式的临床探讨%Discussion on Clinical Pregnancy Delivery Modes after Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭敏; 陈燕桢

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨剖宫产术后再次妊娠分娩方式的选择.方法 对2005年1月至2010年12月在我院住院的150例剖宫产术后再次妊娠分娩者的临床资料进行回顾性分析,并将其中104例剖宫产术后再次妊娠剖宫产(RCS组)及46例剖宫产术后再次妊娠阴道分娩(VBAC组),与同期104例首次剖宫产(PCS组)及46例非瘢痕子宫阴道分娩(VBNC组)比较.分析各组分娩结局、新生儿Apgar评分以及住院时间等差异.结果 150例剖宫产术后再次妊娠者,再次剖宫产者104例(69.3%),阴道分娩者46例(30.7%).VBAC组与RCS组比较,两组在产时出血量、新生儿Apgar评分以及住院时间方面均有统计学意义(P<0.05).VBAC组与VBNC组相比较,两者在产程时间、产时出血量、新生儿Apgar评分、新生儿窒息数及住院时间方面均无统计学意义(P>0.05).RCS组与PCS组相比较,在手术时间、产时出血量、术后腹腔粘连及住院时间方面均有统计学意义(P<0.05),新生儿Apgar评分无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 剖宫产术后再次妊娠分娩并非是剖宫产的绝对指征,符合试产条件者在严密监护下阴道试产是安全可行的,且能改善分娩结局.%Objective To discuss the selection of secondary deliver}' mode after cesarean section. Methods A total of 150 cases of second pregnancy after cesarean delivery admitted in our hospital during Jan. 2005 to Dec. 2010 were reviewed, of which 104 cases underwent repeat cesarean section( KCS group ),46 had vaginal birth after cesarean section( VBAC group ). 104 corresponding cases that underwent first cesarean section( PCS )and 46 that had non-scarred uterus with vaginal delivery( VBNC Muring the same period were also selected for comparison of delivery outcomes. Results Of the 150 cases, 104( 69. 3% )had HCS,46 ( 30.7% )had VBAC, and significant differences in blood loss volume, Apgar score, and hospital stay length were observed between the two groups( P 0

  3. 剖宫产术后再次妊娠分娩方式分析%Analysis of the delivery mode of secondary pregnancy after cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴玉芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyse the feasibility of vaginal birth after cesarean(VBAC).Methods 54 cases who successed through vaginal delivery after cesarean section(the VBAC group) were retrospectively analyzed.Contrasted the VBAC group with 54 primiparas who successed through vaginal delivery in the same time(the VBOP group).And contrasted the VBAC group with 54 cases of repeated caesarean section in the same time(the RCS group).Results There was no significant difference between the VBAC group and the VBOP group in time of birth process,hemorrhage of intrapartum and neonatal asphyxia(P>0.05).And there was significant difference between the VBAC group and the RCS group in hemorrhage of intrapartum,puerperal infection,The average hospitalization days(P<0.05).Conclusion For secondary pregnancy after cesarean section,on the premise of mastering the contraindications and indications,should be given an opportunitie of vaginal delivery,In order to improve the success rate of vaginal birth after cesarean delivery,reduce the rate of cesarean section,and improve the quality of obstetrics.%目的:分析剖宫产术后再次妊娠经阴道分娩(Vaginal Birth After Cesarean,VBAC)的可行性。方法:回顾性分析剖宫产术后再次妊娠经阴道试产成功的产妇54例(VBAC组)。随机抽取同期经阴道试产成功的初产妇54例(Vaginal Birth Of Primipara, VBOP组)与VBAC组进行对照,又随机抽取同期剖宫产术后再次剖宫产者54例(Repeated Caesarean Section,RCS组)与VBAC组进行对照。结果:VBAC组与VBOP组在产程时间、产时出血量及新生儿窒息发生率等比较上差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。VBAC组与RCS组在产时出血量、平均住院时间、产褥期感染等比较上差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:对于剖宫产术后再次妊娠的产妇,在掌握好禁忌证和适应证的前提下,应给予试产的机会,以提高剖宫产术后阴道分娩的成

  4. Analysis of the delivery mode of secondary pregnancy after cesarean section%剖宫产术后再次妊娠分娩方式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴玉芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyse the feasibility of vaginal birth after cesarean(VBAC).Methods 54 cases who successed through vaginal delivery after cesarean section(the VBAC group) were retrospectively analyzed.Contrasted the VBAC group with 54 primiparas who successed through vaginal delivery in the same time(the VBOP group).And contrasted the VBAC group with 54 cases of repeated caesarean section in the same time(the RCS group).Results There was no significant difference between the VBAC group and the VBOP group in time of birth process,hemorrhage of intrapartum and neonatal asphyxia(P>0.05).And there was significant difference between the VBAC group and the RCS group in hemorrhage of intrapartum,puerperal infection,The average hospitalization days(P<0.05).Conclusion For secondary pregnancy after cesarean section,on the premise of mastering the contraindications and indications,should be given an opportunitie of vaginal delivery,In order to improve the success rate of vaginal birth after cesarean delivery,reduce the rate of cesarean section,and improve the quality of obstetrics.%目的:分析剖宫产术后再次妊娠经阴道分娩(Vaginal Birth After Cesarean,VBAC)的可行性。方法:回顾性分析剖宫产术后再次妊娠经阴道试产成功的产妇54例(VBAC组)。随机抽取同期经阴道试产成功的初产妇54例(Vaginal Birth Of Primipara, VBOP组)与VBAC组进行对照,又随机抽取同期剖宫产术后再次剖宫产者54例(Repeated Caesarean Section,RCS组)与VBAC组进行对照。结果:VBAC组与VBOP组在产程时间、产时出血量及新生儿窒息发生率等比较上差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。VBAC组与RCS组在产时出血量、平均住院时间、产褥期感染等比较上差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:对于剖宫产术后再次妊娠的产妇,在掌握好禁忌证和适应证的前提下,应给予试产的机会,以提高剖宫产术后阴道分娩的成

  5. Analysis the Related Factors on Delivery Mode in Repregnant Women after Cesarean Section%剖宫产术后再次妊娠分娩的相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶秀兰

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨割宫产术后再次妊娠的适宜分娩方式.方法:回顾分析我院178例剖官产术后再次妊娠妇女的分娩方式,并随机选取同期非瘢痕子宫阴道分娩和再次剖官产孕妇资料进行对比分析.结果:剖宫产再次妊娠阴道试产的成功率为71.3%,其产后表现与正常孕妇相似,产后出血量、住院时间、并发症明显低于再次剖宫产者.结论:剖宫产史作为再次妊娠剖宫产的指征是不合理的,符合试产条件的在严密监护下可试产,以减少再次术后的各种危险和并发症.%Objective: To explore the appropriate delivery mode in repregnant women after cesarean section. Method: 178 cases of repregnant women after cesarean section were analyzed on delivery mode,and compared with uterine scar-grain vaginal delivery( VBNC) and primiparity cesarean section(PCS). Result: The rate of successful labour was 71.3% of vaginal delivery after cesarean section (VBAC). They were identical with normal expectant mother,but the volume of delivery blood loss, days of hospitalization and complication was lower than repeat cesarean section( RCS). Conclusion: We should try the vaginal delivery,which is under suitable condition of vaginal delivery. It can reduce risks and complications.

  6. Cesarean section in morbidly obese parturients: Practical implications and complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lovina SM Machado

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of obesity has reached pandemic proportions across nations. Morbid obesity has a dramatic impact on pregnancy outcome. Cesarean section in these women poses many surgical, anesthetic, and logistical challenges. In view of the increased risk of cesarean delivery in morbidly obese women, the practical implications and complications are reviewed in this article. A Medline search was conducted to review the recent relevant articles in english literature on cesarean section in morbidly obese women. The types of incisions and techniques used during cesarean delivery, intra-operative and postpartum complications, anesthetic and logistical issues, maternal morbidity and mortality were reviewed. Morbidly obese women with a body mass index (BMI >40 kg/m 2 are at increased risk of pregnancy complications and a significantly increased rate of cesarean delivery. Low transverse skin incisions and transverse uterine incisions are definitely superior and must be the first option. Closure of the subcutaneous layer is recommended, but the placement of subcutaneous drains remains controversial. Thromboprophylaxis adjusted to body weight and prophylactic antibiotics help in reducing postpartum morbidity. Morbidly obese women are at increased risk of postpartum infectious morbidity. Weight reduction in the postpartum period and thereafter must be strongly encouraged for optimal future pregnancy outcomes and well-being.

  7. Cimetidine as pre-anesthetic agent for cesarean section

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, N; Storm, K; Holmskov, A

    1985-01-01

    In a prospective randomized study of 39 consecutive cesarean sections, 20 patients received cimetidine 400 mg intramuscularly as a pre-anesthetic, an 19 control patients were given NaCl. No perinatal effects on the infants were observed by cardiotocography before delivery, and K, Na, pH, PCO2, HCO...

  8. Adverse birth outcome: a comparative analysis between cesarean section and vaginal delivery at Felegehiwot Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a retrospective record review

    OpenAIRE

    Abebe Eyowas, Fantu

    2016-01-01

    Fantu Abebe Eyowas,1 Ashebir Kidane Negasi,1 Gizachew Eyassu Aynalem,1 Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku2 1International NGO, Strengthening Human Resource for Health, Bahir Dar, 2Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia Introduction: Some studies favor elective cesarean delivery, and other surveys benefit vaginal delivery, while others emphasize that the quality of care during labor, birth, and immediate postpartum period plays a great role than the route of delivery. However, l...

  9. [Non-indicated cesarean section--does the "Golem" counteract?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, Arie

    2011-11-01

    Cesarean section rate is steadily increasing and in Israel it has risen to 20%. MultipLe and different reasons have led to this phenomenon, among them are non-indicated cesarean sections. Although health care providers disagree whether this development is medically, ethically and publically justified, national associations allow it, while respecting those obstetricians who decline to do so. In Israel there are some hospitals which allow non-indicated cesarean sections, whereas others reject them. When discussing this issue with the patients, documentation is advised concerning the reasons for approval or rejection of the patients' request in order to avoid future complaints in the case of adverse outcome. Low risk vaginal delivery should be regarded as a natural process and not as a medical treatment and keeping balanced and reasonable decisions may help to contain the phenomenon and avoid a situation in which the "Golem" created by the medical system, counteracts.

  10. The Brazilian preference: cesarean delivery among immigrants in Portugal.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Teixeira

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how the country of origin affects the probability of being delivered by cesarean section when giving birth at public Portuguese hospitals. STUDY DESIGN: Women delivered of a singleton birth (n = 8228, recruited from five public level III maternities (April 2005-August 2006 during the procedure of assembling a birth cohort, were classified according to the country of origin and her migration status as Portuguese (n = 7908, non-Portuguese European (n = 84, African (n = 77 and Brazilian (n = 159. A Poisson model was used to evaluate the association between country of birth and cesarean section that was measured by adjusted prevalence ratio (PR and respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI. RESULTS: The cesarean section rate varied from 32.1% in non-Portuguese European to 48.4% in Brazilian women (p = 0.008. After adjustment for potential confounders and compared to Portuguese women as a reference, Brazilian women presented significantly higher prevalence of cesarean section (PR = 1.26; 95%CI: 1.08-1.47. The effect was more evident among multiparous women (PR = 1.39; 95%CI: 1.12-1.73 and it was observed when cesarean section was performed either before labor (PR = 1.43; 95%CI: 0.99-2.06 or during labor (PR = 1.30; 95%CI: 1.07-1.58. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of cesarean section was significantly higher among Brazilian women and it was independent of the presence of any known risk factors or usual clinical indications, suggesting that cultural background influences the mode of delivery overcoming the expected standard of care and outcomes in public health services.

  11. Youssef’s Syndrome following Cesarean Section

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozer Birge

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Youssef’s syndrome is characterized by cyclic hematuria (menouria, absence of vaginal bleeding (amenorrhea, and urinary incontinence due to vesicouterine fistula (VUF, the least common of the urogynecological fistulas. Youssef’s syndrome has a variable clinical presentation. A vesicouterine fistula is an abnormal pathway between the bladder and the uterus. The most common cause is lower segment Cesarean section. Conservative treatment may be appropriate in some cases, but surgery is the definitive treatment. Vesicouterine fistula should be suspected in cases presenting with urinary incontinence even years after Cesarean section. Diagnostic tests as well as necessary appropriate surgery should be performed on cases with suspected vesicouterine fistula. We present a 40-year-old multiparous woman with vesicouterine fistula after primary Cesarean section; she presented with urinary incontinence, hematuria, and amenorrhea 1 year after the birth. Here, we discuss our case with the help of previously published studies found in the literature.

  12. Vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC versus emergency repeat cesarean section at teaching hospitals in India: an ICMR task force study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. S. Dhillon

    2014-06-01

    Results: A total of 155863 deliveries occurred during the study duration, there were 28.1% (n=43824 cesarean section and (10.1% (n=15664 were the number of previous cesarean section. In 84% (n=13151 had repeat cesarean delivery and 2513 (16% delivered vaginally. A trial of labor was planned in 4035 (25.8% women. The success rate of VBAC was 62.3% with 2513 women had successful vaginal delivery and 1522 (37.7% delivered by emergency repeat cesarean section. Major indication of emergency cesarean section was CPD (52.9%, foetal distress (25.8%, severe PIH/eclampsia (5.0%, previous 2 CS (0.7%, APH (1.4% and others (2.7%. In majority, surgical technique was conventional and in 3.7% the Misgav-Ladach technique was used. Scar dehiscence and surgical complications were observed in 5.4% and 4.0% of cases respectively. Blood transfusion was given in 7.0% and post-operative complications were seen in 6.8%. Perinatal and maternal mortality was 18.0/1000 and 257/100000 deliveries respectively. Conclusions: Safety in childbirth for women with prior cesarean is a major public health concern. Repeat caesarean section and planned vaginal birth after cesarean section are both associated with benefits and harms and correct management represents one of the most significant and challenging issues in obstetric practice. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2014; 3(3.000: 592-597

  13. Skills of unarmed delivery head in second cesarean section%第二次剖宫产徒手娩头的技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董立芸

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨第二次剖宫产术中徒手娩头的手法技巧.方法 回顾性分析556例行第二次剖宫产的术中和术后情况,对照组(n = 280)采用传统的方法娩头,研究组(n = 276)根据胎儿大小在子宫下段弧形剪开适当长度切口,左手或右手伸入羊膜腔内,将胎头旋转为左枕前或右枕前,退出宫腔,以手紧压子宫切口下缘,让胎头缓慢娩出子宫切口,再适当按压宫底,胎儿顺势依次滑脱娩出前或后肩.结果 研究组的子宫切口延长、裂伤,宫颈、阴道、膀胱裂伤,均明显低于对照组(P < 0.05).两组产后出血(含宫缩乏力)、新生儿Apgar评分、手术历时及产后切口愈合无差异(P > 0.05).结论 行第二次剖宫产时,因子宫瘢痕挛缩、弹性差,切开子宫下段后,不宜强行手撕切口,应弧形剪开足够胎儿娩出的子宫切口.本文介绍的方法操作简便,不需要特殊器械,适应任何级医院,值得推广.%Objective To explore the techniques of unarmed delivery head in second cesarean section. Methods The conditions during operation and after operation of 556 cases in second cesarean section were analysed retrospectively. The traditional method of delivery head was used in control group (n = 280), while the study group (n = 276) according to the size of the fetus cut an appropriate length of arc incision in the lower uterine segment, the left hand or right hand reached into the amniotic cavity to turn the fetal head into left anterior or right anterior, and then exit intrauler-ine with hand pressing against the lower edge of the uterine incision, the fetal head slowly delivered from the uterine incision, and appropriately pressed the fundal, fetal homeopathicly slipped and delivered the fore or back shoulder. Results The uterine incision extending or laceration, cervix laceration, vagina laceration and bladder laceration in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P 0.05). Conlusion

  14. A case of Klumpke's obstetric brachial plexus palsy following a Cesarean section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Qattan, Mohammad M; El-Sayed, Amel A F

    2016-09-01

    It is generally thought that Klumpke's palsy is not seen as obstetric injury. The authors present a case of Klumpke's palsy with Horner syndrome following delivery by emergency Cesarean section. Neurolysis and nerve grafting partially corrected the paralysis. PMID:27648266

  15. Neonatal outcomes and operative vaginal delivery versus cesarean delivery.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Contag, Stephen A

    2010-06-01

    We compared outcomes for neonates with forceps-assisted, vacuum-assisted, or cesarean delivery in the second stage of labor. This is a secondary analysis of a randomized trial in laboring, low-risk, nulliparous women at >or=36 weeks\\' gestation. Neonatal outcomes after use of forceps, vacuum, and cesarean were compared among women in the second stage of labor at station +1 or below (thirds scale) for failure of descent or nonreassuring fetal status. Nine hundred ninety women were included in this analysis: 549 (55%) with an indication for delivery of failure of descent and 441 (45%) for a nonreassuring fetal status. Umbilical cord gases were available for 87% of neonates. We found no differences in the base excess (P = 0.35 and 0.78 for failure of descent and nonreassuring fetal status) or frequencies of pH below 7.0 (P = 0.73 and 0.34 for failure of descent and nonreassuring fetal status) among the three delivery methods. Birth outcomes and umbilical cord blood gas values were similar for those neonates with a forceps-assisted, vacuum-assisted, or cesarean delivery in the second stage of labor. The occurrence of significant fetal acidemia was not different among the three delivery methods regardless of the indication.

  16. Feasibility of abdominoplasty with Cesarean section [Retraction

    OpenAIRE

    Thabet WN; Hossny AS; Sherif NA

    2013-01-01

    The Editor-in-Chief and Publisher of the International Journal of Women’s Health have been alerted by Dr Nadine Sherif, the corresponding author, to unacceptable levels of duplication with a previously published paper: Ali A, Essam A. Abdominoplasty Combined with Cesarean Delivery: Evaluation of the Practice. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 2011;35(1):80–86.It is worth noting that this paper was peer-reviewed by two peer-reviewers and the Editor-in-Chief of the International Jo...

  17. Remote prognosis after primary cesarean delivery: the association of VBACs and recurrent cesarean deliveries with maternal morbidity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erez O

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Offer Erez1, Lena Novack2, Vered Kleitman-Meir1, Doron Dukler1, Idit Erez-Weiss3, Francesca Gotsch4, Moshe Mazor11Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, 2Department of Epidemiology, 3Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel; 4Obstetrics and Gynecology Departement, Policlinico GB Rossi Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata Verona, ItalyPurpose: To determine the effects of vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC versus repeated cesarean sections (RCS after a primary cesarean section (CS, on the rate of intraoperative and postpartum maternal morbidity.Patients and methods: This is a retrospective population-based cohort study. During the study period (1988–2005 there were 200,012 deliveries by 76,985 women at our medical center; 16,365 of them had a primary CS, of which 7429 women delivered a singleton infant after the primary CS, met the inclusion criteria, were included in our study, and were followed for four consecutive deliveries. Patients were divided into three study groups according to the outcome of their consecutive delivery after the primary CS: VBAC (n = 3622, elective CS (n = 1910, or an urgent CS (n = 1897. Survival analysis models were used to investigate the effect of the urgency of CS and the numbers of pregnancy predating the primary CS on peripartum complications.Results: Women who failed a trial of labor had a higher rate of uterine rupture than those who had a VBAC. Patients who delivered by CS had a higher rate of endometritis than those giving birth vaginally. The rate of cesarean hysterectomy and transfer to other departments increased significantly at the fourth consecutive surgery (P = 0.02 and P = 0.003, respectively. VBAC was associated with a 55% reduction in the risk of intrapartum complications in comparison to a planned CS (hazard ratio [HR] 0.45; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.22–0.89. A greater

  18. Major risk factors of maternal adverse outcome in women with two or more previous cesarean sections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egić Amira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Maternal morbidity is defined as any condition that is attributed to or aggravated by pregnancy and childbirth that has a negative impact on the woman's wellbeing. In recent years, a growing trend of cesarean section rates can be seen throughout the world. The aim of this study was to assess factors that might have major impact on maternal adverse outcome in women with two or more previous cesarean sections. Methods. This retrospective study included women with single term pregnancy after two or more cesarean deliveries in a 10-year period (2004−2013 in the University Clinic “Narodni front” in Belgrade, Serbia. Medical records were reviewed for clinical data for maternal intraoperative and early postoperative complications regarding gestational age at delivery, the number of previous cesarean sections and mode of surgery (elective or emergency. Results. A total of 551 patients were included in the study. At 37 completed weeks delivered 14.1%, at 38 delivered 45.2% and at 39 completed weeks 40.7% patients. Women younger than 35 years more often delivered after 39 completed weeks compared with those over 35 years (69.2% vs 30.8%, p < 0.05. The overall rate of maternal complications in the study group was 16.5% with no statistical difference by gestational age at delivery. The overall rate of maternal adverse outcome was significantly less in the patients with three as compared with those with four or more cesareans (10.4% vs 66.7%, p < 0.05. There was a statistically significant difference between these groups of women regarding complications: scar dehiscence, the presence of adhesions, blood transfusion and admission in intensive care unit. Elective cesarean delivery was with less maternal complications compared with emergency cesarean deliveries (12.9% vs 27.3%, p < 0.05. Conclusion. Termination of pregnancy before completed 39 weeks does not decrease maternal morbidity. The major impact on maternal complications has the

  19. Uterus Wrapping: A Novel Concept in the Management of Uterine Atony during Cesarean Delivery

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    N. Kimmich

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Uterine atony during cesarean delivery is a serious cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Management strategies include medical treatment with uterotonic agents, manual compression of the uterus, and interventional or surgical procedures. A novel technique to compress the uterus by wrapping it with an elastic bandage and its outcome in 3 cases of uterine atony during cesarean section are presented. Our novel method of intermittent wrapping of the uterus during cesarean delivery seems to be a successful additional approach in the management of uterine atony during cesarean delivery and may be an alternative treatment option to other compressing procedures in order to avoid high blood loss and last but not least postpartum hysterectomy.

  20. Sharp compared with blunt fascial incision at cesarean delivery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabakke, Anna J M; Hare, Kristine J; Krebs, Lone;

    2014-01-01

    To compare patient preference for either sharp incision with scissors or blunt manual cleavage of the fascia at cesarean delivery in a randomized controlled trial in which each woman was her own control.......To compare patient preference for either sharp incision with scissors or blunt manual cleavage of the fascia at cesarean delivery in a randomized controlled trial in which each woman was her own control....

  1. Postoperative Infectious Morbidities of Cesarean Delivery in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen Cavasin

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To compare the infectious complication rates from cesarean delivery of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-infected women and HIV-negative women. Materials and Methods. A retrospective analysis was performed on data derived from HIV-infected women and HIV-negative women, who underwent cesarean delivery at two teaching hospitals. Main outcome measures were infectious postoperative morbidity. Descriptive, comparison analysis, and multiple logistic regression analysis were performed. Results. One hundred and nineteen HIV-infected women and 264 HIV-negative women delivered by cesarean section and were compared. The HIV-negative women were more likely than the HIV-infected women to deliver by emergent cesarean section (78.0% versus 51.3%, resp., .05. In a multivariate stepwise logistic analysis, emergent cesarean delivery and chorioamnionitis but not HIV infection were associated with increased rate of post-operative endometritis (odds ratio (OR 4.10, 95% confidence interval (95% CI 1.41–11.91, <.01, and OR 3.02, 95% CI 1.13–8.03, <.05, resp.. Conclusion. In our facilities, emergent cesarean delivery and chorioamnionitis but not HIV infection were identified as risk factors for post-operative endometritis.

  2. [Cesarean section on request because of labor pain--bioethical and legal views].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frković, Aleksandra; Bosković, Zvonko

    2010-03-01

    Non-medical reasons that influence the decision to perform cesarean section are the subject of numerous medical and bioethical debates. The questions to be answered are: can a pregnant woman demand cesarean section based on her right to make decisions, i.e. on patient rights? Do such a request and permission given by the woman justify the physician to perform the procedure without clear medical indication, knowing that cesarean section is associated with higher maternal morbidity and mortality rate than vaginal delivery? Among the numerous reasons stated by pregnant women or their families when demanding cesarean section, this paper is focused on labor pain. The experience of pain during delivery is the result of many complex physiologic and psychosocial factors that act on the woman's personal interpretation of the nociceptive delivery stimuli. A mother's request for cesarean section should not be motivated by the lack of efficiency of pain management. Such motivation points to inadequate prenatal care and patient education offered by the obstetrician and anesthesiologist. Decisions to perform cesarean section upon request are not in accordance with the guidelines of declarations and codes of medical ethics, and have no legal basis in our country.

  3. Risk of Asthma from Cesarean Delivery Depends on Membrane Rupture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sevelsted, Astrid; Stokholm, Jakob; Bisgaard, Hans

    2016-01-01

    weight, gestational age, multiple births, parity, and maternal factors (age, smoking/antibiotics during pregnancy, employment status, and asthma). RESULTS: In the Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood2000 cohort, the adjusted hazard ratio for asthma was increased by cesarean delivery......OBJECTIVE: To assess our prospective mother-child cohort and the national registry data to analyze the risk of asthma by delivery mode and whether cesarean delivery before or after membrane rupture affects this risk differently. STUDY DESIGN: The Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma...... in Childhood2000 is a high-risk birth cohort of 411 Danish children. Asthma was diagnosed prospectively by physicians at the research site, and associations with cesarean delivery were investigated using Cox proportional hazard models. From the Danish national prospective registry we included data from 1997...

  4. Uterine Closure in Cesarean Delivery: A New Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K M Babu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fear of scar rupture is one of risks involved in a post caesarean pregnancy. This had led to an increased rate of repeat cesarean delivery in today′s times. Closure of the uterine incision is a key step in cesarean section, and it is imperative that an optimal surgical technique be employed for closing a uterine scar. This technique should be able to withstand the stress of subsequent labor. In the existing techniques of uterine closure, single or double layer, correct approximation of the cut margins, that is, decidua-to-decidua, myometrium to myometrium, serosa to serosa is not guaranteed. Also, there are high chances of inter surgeon variability. It was felt that if a suturing technique which ensures correct approximation of all the layers mentioned above with nil or minimal possibility of inter operator variability existed, there will not be any thinning of lower segment caesarean section (LSCS. Further, a scarred uterus repaired in this manner will be able to withstand the stress of labor in future. We hereby report a new technique for uterine closure devised by us, which incorporates a continuous modified mattress suture technique as a modification of the existing surgical technique of uterine closure.

  5. 剖宫产与经阴道分娩对产妇盆底功能的影响%Cesarean Section and Vaginal Delivery Impact on Maternal Pelvic Floor Function

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳华

    2014-01-01

    ObjectiveTo study the effect of cesarean section and vaginal delivery on maternal pelvic floor function.Methods Select 120 cases of lying in women in our hospital received, with different modes of delivery wil be divided into the observation group and the control group, the control group using vaginal delivery, cesarean section was used in the observation group, two groups were compared with POP and pelvic floor muscle condition.Results The patients in the observation group the vaginal and uterine prolapse, pelvic floor muscle tension score were significantly better than the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion Compared with vaginal delivery, cesarean section can effectively reduce the effect of postpartum pelvic floor function on postpartum rehabilitation, but to promote the recovery of pelvic floor function has better effect, so there is no need to be selected as the main part according to mode of delivery.%目的:探讨剖宫产与经阴道分娩对产妇盆底功能的影响。方法选取我院接收的120例产妇,以分娩方式的不同将其分为观察组和对照组,对照组采用经阴道分娩,观察组采用剖宫产,比较两组产妇的POP及盆底肌力情况。结果观察组患者阴道及子宫脱垂情况、产后盆底肌张力评分均明显优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论相较于阴道分娩,剖宫产可有效的减少产后对盆底功能的影响,但产后康复对促进盆底功能恢复有较好的效果,因而无需将其作为选择分娩方式的主要依据。

  6. Hematometra Formation- A Rare Complication of Cesarean Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Gurpreet; Sharma, Abha; Vaid, Neelam Bala

    2014-01-01

    Hematometra resulting from partial or complete obstruction of lower genital tract may be congenital or acquired. Commonest congenital causes are imperforate hymen and transverse vaginal septum. Acquired causes are senile atrophy of endocervical canal, scarring of the isthmus by synechiae, radiation and endocervical malignancy or due to surgical procedures. Various surgical procedures associated with hematometra are dilatation and curettage, cone biopsy, endometrial ablation, cryocoagulation and electrocautery. Hematometra following an abortion or cesarean delivery is rare. We report a case of hematometra following obstruction of outflow tract due to prior cesarean delivery. PMID:25302239

  7. Cesarean Section and Rate of Subsequent Stillbirth, Miscarriage, and Ectopic Pregnancy: A Danish Register-Based Cohort Study

    OpenAIRE

    ,

    2014-01-01

    Louise Kenny and colleagues conduct a population-based cohort study in Denmark to assess the likelihood of stillbirth, miscarriage, and ectopic pregnancy following cesarean section compared to women who gave birth by vaginal delivery.

  8. Effects of Cesarean Section on Infant Health in China:Matched Prospective Cohort Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Objective To compare the medical outcomes of infants delivered by cesarean section with those of infants delivered vaginally.Methods A total of 301 healthy women with cesarean section and a matched control group of 301 women delivered vaginally were identified at three district-level hospitals in Shanghai from May 2001 to February 2003.Two groups were matched according to their medical indications Tor cesarean section.Their infants were assessed at delivery,1 month,6 month and 1 year after birth.Results The incidence of neonatal complications and infant morbidities at all measurement occasions did not differ significantly between groups.Rehospitalization was found to be more likely among infants delivered by cesarean section in the first month after birth.However,there was no difference between two groups in the incidence of rehospitalization in the first year after birth. Cesarean section was also associated with a higher risk of infant diarrhea (adjusted relative risk=1.25,95% CI:1.01,1.56).Conclusion Infants did not have health benefits from cesarean section if the pregnancy was at low risk.

  9. Fetomaternal hemorrhage in women undergoing elective cesarean section

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perslev, Anette; Jørgensen, Finn Stener; Nielsen, Leif Kofoed;

    2010-01-01

    , at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Methods. Two maternal blood samples were taken, the first before cesarean section and the second immediately after. Both samples were analyzed at the Blood Bank, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, for the presence...... of fetal red blood cells (fRBCs) using flow cytometry. FMH associated with cesarean section was defined as the difference between the volumes of fRBCs in the two samples. Main Outcome Measures. The frequency and volume of FMH caused by elective cesarean section. Results. 207 women were included...

  10. Factors associated with successful vaginal birth after cesarean section and outcomes in rural area of Anatolia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senturk MB

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Mehmet Baki Senturk,1 Yusuf Cakmak,2 Halit Atac,2 Mehmet Sukru Budak3 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bakirkoy Dr Sadi Konuk Teaching and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Batman State Hospital, Batman, Turkey; 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Diyarbakir Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey Abstract: Successful vaginal birth after cesarean section is more comfortable than repeat emergency or elective cesarean section. Antenatal examinations are important in selection for trial of labor, while birth management can be difficult when the patients present at emergency condition. But there is an increased chance of vaginal birth with advanced cervical dilation. This study attempts to evaluate factors associated with success of vaginal birth after cesarean section and to compare the maternal and perinatal outcomes between vaginal birth after cesarean section and intrapartum cesarean section in patients who were admitted to hospital during the active or second stage of labor. A retrospective evaluation was made from the results of 127 patients. Cesarean section was performed in 57 patients; 70 attempted trial of labor. The factors associated with success of vaginal birth after cesarean section were investigated. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between the groups. Vaginal birth after cesarean section was successful in 55% of cases. Advanced cervical opening, effacement, gravidity, parity, and prior vaginal delivery were factors associated with successful vaginal birth. The vaginal birth group had more complications (P<0.01, but these were minor. The rate of blood transfusion and prevalence of changes in hemoglobin level were similar in both groups (P>0.05. In this study, cervical opening, effacement, gravidity, parity, and prior vaginal delivery were important factors for successful vaginal birth after cesarean section. The patients’ requests influenced outcome. Trial of

  11. Pregnancy Outcomes of Repeat Cesarean Section in Peking Union Medical College Hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang-kun Ma; Na Liu; Xu-ming Bian; Li-rong Teng; Hong Qi; Xiao-ming Gong; Jun-tao Liu; Jian-qiu Yang

    2009-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of elective repeat cesarean section on the maternal and neonatal outcomes.Methods A retrospective clinic-and hospital-based survey was designed for comparing the maternal and neonatal outcomes of elective repeat cesarean section [RCS group(one previous cesarean section)and MRCS group(two or more previous cesarean sections)] and primary cesarean section(FCS group)at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1998 to December 2007.Results The incidence of repeat cesarean section increased from 1.26% to 7.32% .The mean gestational age at delivery in RCS group(38.1±1.8 weeks)and MRCS group(37.3±2.5 weeks)were significantly shorter than that in FCS group(38.9±2.1 weeks,all P<0.01).The incidence of complication was 33.8% and 33.3% in RCS group and MRCS group respectively,and was significantly higher than that in FCS group(7.9% ,P<0.05).Dense adhesion(13.5% vs.0.4% ,OR=7.156,95% CI:1.7-30.7,P<0.01)and uterine rupture(1.0% vs.0,P<0.05)were commoner in RCS group compared with FCS group.Neonatal morbidity was similar among three groups(P>0.05).Conclusions Repeat cesarean section is associated with more complicated surgery technique and increased frequency of maternal morbidity.However,the incidence of neonatal morbidity is similar to primary cesarean section.

  12. 剖宫产后瘢痕子宫再次分娩方式的比较%Compare of the Next Delivery Mode in Scar Uterus after one Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖晓岚; 陈茜; 林碧君

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the safety and complications between two kinds of delivery mode in patients with prior cesarean section. Methods 122 cases of a second time pregnant women with one previous cesarean section ,69 gravidas chose repeat caesarean and 53 gravidas chose vaginal birth after previous caesarean section ,the outcome of two kinds of mode of delivery was compared. Results There is no signiifcant difference with uterine atony, postpartum hemorrhage, neonatal asphyxia, wound infection between vaginal birth and repeat caesarean , but the incidence of anemia with repeat caesarean is higher than that in vaginal birth . Conclusions Woman with one previous cesarean section should be offered a trial of labor with a full assessment.Choosing correct labor techniques,infusing oxytocin carefully, avoiding uterine rupture are very important in delivery course.%目的:比较剖宫产术后再次妊娠不同分娩方式的相关并发症及安全性。方法选取有一次剖宫产史的瘢痕子宫孕妇122例,再次妊娠分娩,其中剖宫产者69例,经阴道顺产者53例,比较两种分娩方式对分娩结局的影响。结果瘢痕子宫经阴道顺产或再次剖宫产的宫缩乏力、产后出血、伤口感染及新生儿窒息发生率无统计学差异,但再次剖宫产组者产后贫血发生率较阴道顺产组升高(P<0.05)。结论一次剖宫产术后,经充分评估后确定符合阴道试产条件者,在严密监护下应予阴道试产,引产时注意引产方式的选择、缩宫素的合理应用及先兆子宫破裂、子宫破裂的密切观察。

  13. Cesarean delivery on maternal request and childhood intelligence: a cohort study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Hong-tian; YE Rong-wei; PEI Li-jun; REN Ai-guo; ZHENG Xiao-ying; LIU Jian-meng

    2011-01-01

    Background Cesarean section births have been steadily increasing over the past decade and have become an epidemic in China.Cesarean delivery on maternal request is a major contributor to this upward trend,and there has been of much concern about its impact on maternal and child health.Most of mothers believe that cesarean delivery on maternal request can improve the child's intelligence,but direct evidence is sparse.In this cohort study,we aimed to directly assess the impact of cesarean delivery on maternal request on childhood intelligence.Methods Intelligence quotient (IQ) of 4144 preschool children from 21 cities/counties of Zhejiang and Jiangsu province whose mothers were registered in a population-based perinatal surveillance program during 1993-1996 was assessed with Chinese Wechsler Young Children Scale of Intelligence (C-WYCSI) in 2000.The outcomes were full-scale IQ,verbal IQ,and performance IQ of C-WYCSI.Mode of delivery and covariates were obtained from the surveillance program.We estimated unadjusted and adjusted effects of cesarean delivery on maternal request and assisted vaginal delivery on IQ scores compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery using regression analysis.Results The mean full-scale,verbal,and performance IQ for all children was 99.3±16.1,93.6±17.7,and 105.3±14.3.In crude analysis,cesarean delivery on maternal request versus spontaneous vaginal delivery was associated with an increase of 3.9 (95% confidence interval,0.6 to 7.2) points in full-scale IQ,4.8 (1.2 to 8.4) points in verbal IQ,and 2.4(-0.6 to 5.3) points in performance IQ.After adjusting for maternal education,occupation,and IQ,the advantage was reduced to 1.6 (-1.3 to 4.5),2.3 (-0.8 to 5.5),and 0.6 (-2.0 to 3.3) points for full-scale,verbal,and performance IQ,respectively.Assisted vaginal delivery versus spontaneous vaginal delivery was not associated with IQ scores in any analysis.Conclusion Neither cesarean delivery on maternal request nor assisted vaginal delivery

  14. Obstetricians' choice of cesarean delivery in ambiguous cases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fuglenes, Dorthe; Oian, Pål; Kristiansen, Ivar Sønbø

    2009-01-01

    . The perceived risk of complaints and malpractice litigation was a clear determinant of obstetricians' choice of cesarean in all of the clinical scenarios, whereas no impact was observed for risk attitude. CONCLUSION: Obstetricians' judgments about cesarean request in ambiguous clinical cases vary considerably......OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that obstetricians' choice of delivery method is influenced by their risk attitude and perceived risk of complaints and malpractice litigation. STUDY DESIGN: The choice of delivery method in ambiguous cases was studied in a nationwide...... survey of Norwegian obstetricians (n = 716; response rate, 71%) using clinical scenarios. The risk attitude was measured by 6 items from the Jackson Personality Inventory-Revised. RESULTS: The proportion of obstetricians consenting to the cesarean request varied both within and across the scenarios...

  15. Efficacy of Intrauterine Bakri Balloon Tamponade in Cesarean Section for Placenta Previa Patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hee Young Cho

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were to analyze the predictive factors for the use of intrauterine balloon insertion and to evaluate the efficacy and factors affecting failure of uterine tamponade with a Bakri balloon during cesarean section for abnormal placentation.We reviewed the medical records of 137 patients who underwent elective cesarean section for placenta previa between July 2009 and March 2014. Cesarean section and Bakri balloon insertion were performed by a single qualified surgeon. The Bakri balloon was applied when blood loss during cesarean delivery exceeded 1,000 mL.Sixty-four patients (46.7% required uterine balloon tamponade during cesarean section due to postpartum bleeding from the lower uterine segment, of whom 50 (78.1% had placenta previa totalis. The overall success rate was 75% (48/64 for placenta previa patients. Previous cesarean section history, anterior placenta, peripartum platelet count, and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy all significantly differed according to balloon success or failure (all p<0.05. The drainage amount over 1 hour was 500 mL (20-1200 mL in the balloon failure group and 60 mL (5-500 mL in the balloon success group (p<0.01.Intrauterine tamponade with a Bakri balloon is an adequate adjunct management for postpartum hemorrhage following cesarean section for placenta previa to preserve the uterus. This method is simple to apply, non-invasive, and inexpensive. However, possible factors related to failure of Bakri balloon tamponade for placenta previa patients such as prior cesarean section history, anterior placentation, thrombocytopenia, presence of DIC at the time of catheter insertion, and catheter drainage volume more than 500 mL within 1 hour of catheter placement should be recognized, and the next-line management should be prepared in advance.

  16. Two Cases of Tuberculous Meningitis after Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    This article revealed two valuable case reports about two young females suffered tuberculous meningitis after cesarean section. After antituberculous therapy, the condition of one patient improved and the other one became deteriorated.

  17. Amnioinfusion among women attempting vaginal birth after cesarean delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strong, T H; Vega, J S; O'Shaughnessy, M J; Feldman, D B; Koemptgen, J G

    1992-05-01

    Eighteen of 901 women (2%) attempting vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) received amnioinfusion. No untoward effects occurred in the subjects or their fetuses. We conclude that, though amnioinfusion in the setting of a VBAC attempt is needed only infrequently, it appears to be a reasonable intrapartum management option. The usual safeguards for a VBAC attempt should be followed.

  18. The use of midwives as first assistants in cesarean section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks; Thacher; Camargo

    1998-07-01

    Introduction: In 1997, medical insurance gives limited financial reimbursement to physicians who first assist cesarean sections. Therefore, a formal program was developed at our community teaching hospital using midwives in place of physicians as first assistant in cesarean section. Midwives on the midwifery service were taught the principles and procedures of obstetrical anesthesia, anatomy, and physiology of the gravid abdomen.A team approach using obstetrician/gynecologist, anesthesiologist, midwives, and operating nurses performed the tracking in a 1-day course. A 28-minute video was developed to depict the role of the midwife as first assistant. Additionally, the principles of operation room set-up and instrumentation were taught.Result: All 24 midwives on the midwifery service were involved in the teaching of first assisting an attending obstetrician. After taking the course, nurse-midwives received formal certification from the department of obstetrics and gynecology and were approved by risk management. They also received clinical privileges outlining these guidelines. Their malpractice rates have not increased. The time to complete a cesarean section has not increased for the physician, and an emergency cesarean section is no longer delayed by waiting for an assistant to arrive. Patient satisfaction has increased because of decreased waiting time for a cesarean section and increased familiarity with the entire operating team.Discussion: Midwives can be trained to first assist the obstetrician/gynecologist in a cesarean section. Since the duration of a cesarean section is not prolonged, the patient will not experience increased blood loss or infection secondary to a prolonged procedure. The patient is more relaxed since they know that their provider during labor is also one of their surgeons for the cesarean section. PMID:10838393

  19. Pain relief following cesarean section : short and long term perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Niklasson, Boel

    2015-01-01

    Background Postoperative pain treatment in women undergoing cesarean section (CS) needs to be effective to enable fast and smooth recovery without adverse outcomes and to improve breastfeeding and bonding between mother and child. It is also important that pain treatment should have minimal impact on the newborn. The overall aim The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate how to improve pain management in women undergoing cesarean section. Specific aims were: *...

  20. Is non-directive counseling for patient choice cesarean delivery ethically justified?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalish, Robin B; McCullough, Laurence B; Chervenak, Frank A

    2007-01-01

    The current controversy concerning patient choice cesarean delivery potentially affects all women of child-bearing age and the physicians who care for them. The purpose of this paper is to address three salient issues within the patient choice cesarean delivery controversy. First, is performing patient choice cesarean delivery consistent with good professional medical practice? Second, how should physicians respond to or counsel patients who request patient choice cesarean delivery? And, third, should patient choice cesarean delivery be routinely offered to all pregnant women?

  1. The cosmetic outcome of the scar formation after cesarean section

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Jes Sanddal; Möller-Christensen, T; Steele, R E

    1994-01-01

    to significantly narrower scars compared with percutaneous closure, 4.5 versus 11.1. Thus, even better results can be expected as experience with the technique increases. Observer and patient satisfaction with the cosmetic outcome were measured independently on a 'Lasa-line'. Their opinions coincided; the order......Three methods of skin closure after cesarean section were tested and compared in a prospective trial. Eighty-nine (82.5%) appeared for follow-up investigation 4-5 months after delivery. The mean scar width was significantly narrower after phannenstiel incision compared with percutaneous nylon...... sutures after lower midline incision, 3.1 mm versus 11.3 mm. Intracutaneous continuous PDS-suture after lower midline incision produced scars 40% narrower than with percutaneous sutures, 6.8 versus 11.3 mm. 37.5% of the women sutured intracutaneously complained over persistent secretion after discharge...

  2. Cesarean delivery on maternal request: Can the ethical problem be solved by the principlist approach?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Da Frè Monica

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this article, we use the principlist approach to identify, analyse and attempt to solve the ethical problem raised by a pregnant woman's request for cesarean delivery in absence of medical indications. We use two different types of premises: factual (facts about cesarean delivery and specifically attitudes of obstetricians as derived from the EUROBS European study and value premises (principles of beneficence and non-maleficence, respect for autonomy and justice. Beneficence/non-maleficence entails physicians' responsibility to minimise harms and maximise benefits. Avoiding its inherent risks makes a prima facie case against cesarean section without medical indication. However, as vaginal delivery can have unintended consequences, there is a need to balance the somewhat dissimilar risks and benefits. The principle of autonomy poses a challenge in case of disagreement between the pregnant woman and the physician. Improved communication aimed to enable better informed choice may overcome some instances of disagreement. The principle of justice prohibits unfair discrimination, and broadly favours optimising resource utilisation. Available evidence supports vaginal birth in uncomplicated term pregnancies as the standard of care. The principlist approach offered a useful framework for ethical analysis of cesarean delivery on maternal request, identified the rights and duties of those involved, and helped reach a conclusion, although conflict at the individual level may remain challenging.

  3. Epidural anesthesia in repeated cesarean section.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolando T. Espín González

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: A spectacular development has been experimented in the Anesthesiology branch in the last few years in the different areas of its competence in which the attendance activity on obstetric patients as well as every aspect related with its adequate practice is of a great importance. Objective: to evaluate the efficacy of epidural anesthesia in repetitive cesarean. Methods: a descriptive retrospective study of a series of cases (112in which epidural anesthesia in repetitive cesarean was applied from January 2001 to December 2001 in the surgical unit of the Gynecological obstetric service at the University Hospital ¨Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima¨ in Cienfuegos city, Cuba. Some variables such as fixation time of the anesthesia, its duration, transurgical and postsurgical hemodynamic behavior, complications related with the anesthesia, evaluation of the new born baby and, the level of satisfaction of the patients were analyzed. Results: The immediate transurgical and postsurgical hemodynamic behavior was stable predominating normotension and the normal cardiac frequency. The complications related to anesthesia were minimal. The level of satisfaction of the patients was elevated. No alterations in new born babies were presented. As a conclusion, it may be stated that epidural anesthesia in repetitive cesarean is a safety and reliable anesthetic method.

  4. Cesarean section in twin pregnancies in two Danish counties with different cesarean section rates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, T B; Sperling, Lene; Hedegaard, M;

    1994-01-01

    on antecedent data. SETTING: Two Danish counties, with a CS rate in twin pregnancies of 57% and 28%, respectively. SUBJECTS: All women with twin pregnancies who delivered in 1989 in the two counties. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Comparison of the CS rates in the two counties according to indications and fetal...... presentation. SECONDARY MEASURES: Perinatal and maternal outcome. RESULTS: The difference in CS rates between the two counties could not be explained by different distributions of background characteristics. Different attitudes were found towards CS in cases with previous CS, with twin A in breech presentation......OBJECTIVE: Based on a comparison of the clinical indications for cesarean section (CS) in two Danish counties and a review of the literature regarding this issue the aim of this study was to discuss possible explanations for variations in CS rates in twin pregnancies. The comparison of indications...

  5. Sagittal venous sinus thrombosis after cesarean section: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farideh Keypour

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT is uncommon after cesarean section. Although it can be a leading cause of maternal mortality. CVT may occur during pregnancy because of hypercoagulable states such as preeclampsia, thrombophilias, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome and sepsis.Case presentation: A 31 years old woman G2 Ab1 at 37 weeks gestational age with  premature rupture of membrane underwent cesarean section because breech presentation and preeclampsia. Spinal anesthesia was done for emergent cesarean section. On the second day after cesarean section, she developed headache, vomiting, focal neurologic deficits, paresthesia, blurred vision. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI showed thrombosis in anterior half of superior sagittal sinus. Treatment consisted of anticoagulation.  Conclusion: Thrombophilias, pregnancy-related hypertension and cesarean section are the predisposing factors for thromboembolism. Unfractionated heparin and low molecular weight heparin (LMWs are effective drugs for thromboprophylaxis. It is vital to prevent venous thrombosis to reduce mortality during both intrapartum and postpartum periods. Consideration of cerebral venous thrombosis in similar cases is recommended.

  6. Risk of Autism Associated with General Anesthesia during Cesarean Delivery: A Population-Based Birth-Cohort Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chien, Li-Nien; Lin, Hsiu-Chen; Shao, Yu-Hsuan Joni; Chiou, Shu-Ti; Chiou, Hung-Yi

    2015-01-01

    The rates of Cesarean delivery (C-section) have risen to >30 % in numerous countries. Increased risk of autism has been shown in neonates delivered by C-section. This study examined the incidence of autism in neonates delivered vaginally, by C-section with regional anesthesia (RA), and by C-section with general anesthesia (GA) to evaluate the…

  7. Nontraumatic Fat Embolism Found Following Maternal Death after Cesarean Delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tabitha Schrufer-Poland

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction - Fat embolism is a rare form of nonthrombotic embolization. Limited literature exists regarding the diagnosis of fat embolism during the perinatal period. We present the first case of maternal death that resulted from nontraumatic fat embolization following Cesarean delivery. Case Description - A 29-year-old gravida 1 with a complex medical and surgical history underwent a primary Cesarean delivery at term. On postoperative day 2 the patient was found to be unresponsive. Despite resuscitative efforts, the patient succumbed. Autopsy findings were remarkable for diffuse pulmonary fat emboli. Furthermore, there was no histological evidence of either amniotic fluid embolism or thromboembolism. The primary cause of death was attributed to nontraumatic fat embolization. Discussion - Multiple risk factors may have contributed to the development of nontraumatic fat embolization in our patient. Obstetricians should maintain a high level of suspicion for nontraumatic fat embolization in cases of maternal respiratory decompression and sudden maternal mortality.

  8. SURGICAL RISK INDEX AND SURGICAL SITE INFECTION IN POSTPARTUM WOMEN SUBMITTED TO CESAREAN SECTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luana Machado Chianca

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Backgound and Objectives: Considering the use of active surveillance assists in infection identification and the need for studies that use Surgical Risk Index (SRI for assessment of Surgical Site Infection (SSI in cesareans, this study aims to determine the incidence of SSI and analyze the applicability of SRI in the prediction of SSI in women in the postpartum period after being submitted to a cesarean section at a university hospital between April 2012 and March of 2013. Methods: Prospective cohort study. Information notifying SSI by active surveillance was collected daily from the medical records. After hospital discharge, the mothers were contacted through telephone calls to identify infection criteria within 30 days after the cesarean. Descriptive and comparative analyses were performed. The chi-square test was used to compare groups. Results: 737 cesareans were performed. Telephone contact was achieved with 507 (68.8% women up to 30 days postpartum, with loss of follow-up of 230 cases (31.2%. The medical consultation in the post-partum period occurred with 188 (37.08% women, with whom telephone contact was obtained, on average, 17.28 days (SD=8.39 after delivery. It was verified that 21 patients met the criteria for SSI, with a 4.14% rate. A total of 12 cases (57.1% were classified as superficial SSI, 5 (23.8% as deep and 4 (19.1% as infection of organs and cavities. The SRI and its risk variables were not associated with SSI in patients submitted to cesarean sections. Conclusion: The SRI and the risk variables included in this index were not associated to SSI in patients submitted to cesarean sections. KEYWORDS: Cesarean Section; Surgical Wound Infection; Epidemiological Surveillance; Infection Control; Risk Index; Disease Notification.

  9. Two-dimensional power Doppler-three-dimensional ultrasound imaging of a cesarean section dehiscence with utero-peritoneal fistula: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Royo Pedro

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction An imaging diagnosis after an iterative cesarean delivery is reviewed demonstrating a fine ultrasound-pathologic correlation. Case presentation A 33-year-old woman (G3, P3 presented referring intense dysmenorrhea and intermenstrual spotting since her third cesarean delivery, 1 year before. A cesarean section dehiscence with utero-peritoneal fistula was diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasound. Conclusion We can conclude that transvaginal two-dimensional power Doppler and three-dimensional ultrasound are highly accurate in detecting cesarean section dehiscence and uterine fistula.

  10. Clinical outcome and safety analysis of vaginal delivery after cesarean section%剖宫产术后阴道分娩的临床结局及安全性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李云秀; 纪艳洁; 陈敏红; 祝丽琼

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical outcome and safety of vaginal delivery after cesarean section. Methods 512 cases of scarred uterus who delivered in Tangxia Hospital of Dongguan and Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from January to December 2014 and had a second pregnancy were retrospectively analyzed. Results Among 512 cases of scarred uterus,163 cases were vaginal trial labour (VBAC group),accounting for 31.84% of scarred uterus delivery.Among them,vaginal trial labourwas carried out successfully in 126 cases,with the successful rate of vaginal trial labour of 77.3%.Trial labourwas failed in 37 cases and switched to cesarean section,with the failure rate of trial labour of 22.7%;Cesarean section without trial labourwas performed in 349 cases (ERCS group),accounting for 68.16% of the scarred uterus pregnancy;386 out of the 512 cases of scarred uterus were given a second cesarean sec-tion(including 37 cases of failed vaginal trial labour),accounting for 75.39%of scarred uterus delivery.In the comparison of pregnancy outcome in VBAC group and ERCS group,VBAC group was higher than ERCS group in the volume and rate of postpartum bleeding,but VBAC group was shorter than ERCS group in the length of stay and lower than ERCS group in the medical expenses,which were statistically different(P0.05). Conclusion As for the pregnant women with a second pregnancy after cesarean section,if the indication of trial labour is properly understood,severe monitoring is performed during the labour,and vaginal trial labour is safe and feasible with a high successful rate,then the rate of cesarean sec-tion can be reduced to a certain extent.%目的:探讨剖宫产术后阴道分娩的临床结局及安全性。方法对东莞市塘厦医院及中山大学孙≥仙纪念医院于2014年1~12月分娩的512例瘢痕子宫再次妊娠者进行回顾性分析。结果512例瘢痕子宫中,阴道试产163例(VBAC组),占瘢痕子宫分娩的31.84%,

  11. Patient Counseling and Preferences for Elective Repeat Cesarean Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folsom, Susan; Esplin, M Sean; Edmunds, Sean; Metz, Torri D; Jackson, G Marc; Porter, T Flint; Varner, Michael W

    2016-04-01

    Objective We sought to identify factors influencing a woman's decision to have an elective repeat cesarean delivery (ERCD) versus vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). Methods and Materials A prospective study at two academic medical centers of women with one prior cesarean, and no contraindication to a trial of labor, delivered by ERCD from October 2013 to June 2014. Participants completed anonymous surveys during their delivery hospitalization. Counseling was considered adequate if women reported being counseled, recalled being quoted a VBAC success probability, and this probability was within 20% of that derived from an established VBAC success prediction model. Participants were also asked why they chose ERCD. Results Of 68 participants, only 8 (11.8%) had adequate counseling. Of those with inadequate counseling, 21.7% did not recall being counseled, 63.3% were not quoted a chance of success, and 60.0% had more than a 20% discrepancy between their recalled and predicted success rates. Eighteen women were calculated to have more than 70% chance of successful VBAC. Of these, 16 (88.9%) were not adequately counseled. Conclusion Most women were inadequately counseled about delivery options. The most important factors influencing the choice of ERCD over VBAC were patient preferences, risk for fetal injury, and perceived physician preference. PMID:27308098

  12. Maternal Vitamin D Status and Delivery by Cesarean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Stein

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available We examined the association of vitamin D deficiency to risk of cesarean delivery using prospective data in a cohort of 1153 low income and minority gravidae. Circulating maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D and intact parathyroid hormone were measured at entry to care 13.73 ± 5.6 weeks (mean ± SD. Intake of vitamin D and calcium was assessed at three time points during pregnancy. Using recent Institute of Medicine guidelines, 10.8% of the gravidae were at risk of vitamin D deficiency, and 23.8% at risk of insufficiency. Maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D was related positively to vitamin D and calcium intakes and negatively to circulating concentrations of parathyroid hormone. Risk for cesarean delivery was increased significantly for vitamin D deficient women; there was no increased risk for gravidae at risk of insufficiency. When specific indications were examined, vitamin D deficiency was linked to a 2-fold increased risk of cesarean for prolonged labor. Results were the similar when prior guidelines for vitamin D deficiency (25(OHD < 37.5nmol/L and insufficiency (37.5–80 nmol/L were utilized.

  13. Intraoperative bleeding control during cesarean delivery of complete placenta previa with transient occlusion of uterine arteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ju Hyun; Joung, Eun-Ju; Lee, Soo-Jung; Kwack, Jae Young; Kwon, Yong Soon

    2015-11-01

    There are few methods to control heavy intra-operative bleeding during cesarean delivery of placenta previa. Transient occlusion of uterine arteries (TOUA) during operation has previously been reported as a quick and safe method to control intra-operative uterine bleeding. We reported 2 cases of cesarean delivery with complete placenta previa in which TOUA was performed to safely reduce intra-operative complication, especially heavy intra-operative bleeding. In the 2 cases, cesarean deliveries were safe and without any complications under the TOUA method. TOUA can be a good method to control heavy intra-operative bleeding during cesarean delivery of complete placenta previa with risk of heavy bleeding.

  14. Outcomes of vaginal delivery and cesarean in Mashhad Ghaem University Hospital

    OpenAIRE

    Hassan Boskabadi; Maryam Zakerihamidi; Fatemeh Bagheri

    2014-01-01

    Background: Normal vaginal delivery is the best method of delivery. Vaginal delivery is followed by the best pregnancy outcomes. Reducing the rate of cesarean delivery has been a health goal for the United States with economic and social advantages. This study has been conducted with aim of maternal and neonatal outcomes of Normal Vaginal Delivery (NVD) and comparing with cesarean delivery. Methods: This descriptive- analytic study was conducted in Ghaem University Hospital in Mashhad duri...

  15. Pregnancy, Delivery, and Neonatal Outcomes of In Vitro Fertilization-Embryo Transfer in Patient with Previous Cesarean Scar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ningyuan; Chen, Hua; Xu, Zhipeng; Wang, Bin; Sun, Haixiang; Hu, Yali

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND What role should previous cesarean section play in affecting clinical pregnancy outcomes and avoiding the complications of in vitro fertilization? In this article, we focus on elective single-embryo transfer (eSET) versus double-embryo transfer (DET) and assess the clinical efficacy and safety of eSET in patients who have a previous cesarean scar. MATERIAL AND METHODS The pregnancy, delivery, and neonatal outcomes of 130 patients who had a previous cesarean scar and received in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) were retrospectively analyzed. The number of transferred embryos was chosen depending on patients' desire after acknowledging all benefits and risks, including eSET (eSET group, n=56) and DET (DET group, n=74). A total of 101 patients with previous vaginal delivery receiving IVF-ET in the same period were included as a control group. RESULTS The pregnancy rates, multiple birth rates, abortion rates, ectopic pregnancy rates, gestational age at delivery, preterm birth rates, neonatal birth weight, and take-home baby rates were similar between the previous cesarean section group and the previous vaginal delivery group. A previous cesarean section scar did not affect embryo implantation and pregnancy outcomes in IVF. In the eSET and DET groups of previous cesarean section patients, the embryo implantation rates, pregnancy rates, abortion rates, and take-home baby rates were similar. However, the rate of multiple pregnancies reached 50% in the DET group, which led to more preterm births and lower birth weight. CONCLUSIONS Elective single-embryo transfer is a well-accepted strategy to avoid multiple pregnancies and improve the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of singleton pregnancy in IVF patients with a previous cesarean section. PMID:27636504

  16. Maternal clinical diagnoses and hospital variation in the risk of cesarean delivery: analyses of a National US Hospital Discharge Database.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katy B Kozhimannil

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery is the most common inpatient surgery in the United States, where 1.3 million cesarean sections occur annually, and rates vary widely by hospital. Identifying sources of variation in cesarean use is crucial to improving the consistency and quality of obstetric care. We used hospital discharge records to examine the extent to which variability in the likelihood of cesarean section across US hospitals was attributable to individual women's clinical diagnoses. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using data from the 2009 and 2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project--a 20% sample of US hospitals--we analyzed data for 1,475,457 births in 1,373 hospitals. We fitted multilevel logistic regression models (patients nested in hospitals. The outcome was cesarean (versus vaginal delivery. Covariates included diagnosis of diabetes in pregnancy, hypertension in pregnancy, hemorrhage during pregnancy or placental complications, fetal distress, and fetal disproportion or obstructed labor; maternal age, race/ethnicity, and insurance status; and hospital size and location/teaching status. The cesarean section prevalence was 22.0% (95% confidence interval 22.0% to 22.1% among women with no prior cesareans. In unadjusted models, the between-hospital variation in the individual risk of primary cesarean section was 0.14 (95% credible interval 0.12 to 0.15. The difference in the probability of having a cesarean delivery between hospitals was 25 percentage points. Hospital variability did not decrease after adjusting for patient diagnoses, socio-demographics, and hospital characteristics (0.16 [95% credible interval 0.14 to 0.18]. A limitation is that these data, while nationally representative, did not contain information on parity or gestational age. CONCLUSIONS: Variability across hospitals in the individual risk of cesarean section is not decreased by accounting for differences in maternal diagnoses. These

  17. Cesarean section for the second twin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelbrechtsen, Line; Nielsen, Elise Hoffmann; Perin, Trine;

    2013-01-01

    deliveries. Data were extracted from medical records, a fetal medicine software program (Astraia), and the National Birth Registry. Short-term poor neonatal outcome was measured as a 5-minute Apgar score ≤ 7, umbilical cord pH ≤ 7.10, and admission to neonatal intensive care unit for more than 3 days....... RESULTS: Vertex-nonvertex fetal presentations were more prevalent in combined deliveries than vaginal deliveries (OR 4.4, 2.5-7.8). Nonvertex second twins born by combined delivery had a higher risk of Apgar score ≤ 7 and umbilical cord pH ≤ 7.10 compared with vaginal delivery, unadjusted OR 6.2 (2...

  18. Evaluation of antihypotensive techniques for cesarean section under spinal anesthesia: Rapid crystalloid hydration versus intravenous ephedrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulkarni, Kalpana Rajendra; Naik, Amruta Girish; Deshpande, Sunetra Girish

    2016-01-01

    Background: Spinal anesthesia is a preferred technique over general anesthesia for cesarean delivery. It avoids maternal airway related complications, aspiration and neonatal depression. However hypotension following spinal anesthesia can lead to decrease in uterine blood flow and neonatal hypoxia. Aims: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of 15 mL.kg- 1of crystalloid preloading versus prophylactic intravenous bolus of 10 mg ephedrine as an antihypotensive measure for cesarean section. Methods: A prospective randomized double blind study was conducted in hundred ASA grade I/II parturient undergoing cesarean section, allocated to group P (n=50) who received preloading with ringer lactate 15 mL.kg- 1 over 20 minutes before spinal anesthesia and group E (n=50) received intravenous bolus of 10mg ephedrine within one minute of spinal anesthesia with 10mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% at L2-3/L3-4 level. They were monitored for incidences of hypotension, need of rescue doses of ephedrine, Apgar score and adverse events. Appropriate statistical tests were applied and P Apgar score were better in group E than in group P delivered babies. Conclusion: Prophylactic intravenous bolus of 10mg ephedrine with spinal injection is more effective in maintaining maternal hemodynamic stability and better neonatal outcome as compared to crystalloid preloading during cesarean delivery. PMID:27746565

  19. SUCCENTURIATE PLACENTA: AN INCIDENTAL FINDING DURING CESAREAN SECTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Unmesh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A 30 years, 4th Gravida with 3 abortions with history of 8 months amenorrhea was admitted to the hospital with chief complaints of leaking per vagina since 4 hours and was not associated with pain abdomen or bleeding per vaginum. Perceiving decreased fetal movements since 6 hours. She had 3 previous missed abortions followed by D and E. In the present pregnancy, gestational age was 32 weeks at the time of admission. Patient’s general condition was stable, all other investigation were found to be normal her pulse was 100 beats/min, tachycardia present, BP -100/70mmHg. On obstetric examination, uterus was 30 weeks size, 1-2 contraction lasting for 15- 20 seconds, Breech presentation, FHR was 124 per minute, regular, decreased liquor clinically. On vulvovaginal examination- Frank leaking per vagina present. Ultrasound showed single live intrauterine pregnancy of 29 weeks 3 days with breech presentation with oligohydramnios, Placenta was at fundal region, Biophysical profile was 6/8, FHR 124 bpm. After taking high risk consent in view of fetal prematurity, patient was posted for Emergency LSCS. And extracted a single live preterm female baby of weight of 1.45 kg by breech. During the cesarean section, on opening abdomen lower segment was found to be congested with torturous vessels. So we suspected missed diagnosis of placenta previa. After delivery of the baby, we found succenturiate lobe of the placenta occupying lower uterine segment with vessels running across the membrane.

  20. Impact of a diagnosis-related group payment system on cesarean section in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seung Ju; Han, Kyu-Tae; Kim, Sun Jung; Park, Eun-Cheol; Park, Hye Ki

    2016-06-01

    Cesarean sections (CSs) are the most expensive method of delivery, which may affect the physician's choice of treatment when providing health services to patients. We investigated the effects of the diagnosis-related group (DRG)-based payment system on CSs in Korea. We used National Health Insurance claim data from 2011 to 2014, which included 1,289,989 delivery cases at 674 hospitals. We used a generalized estimating equation model to evaluate the association between the likelihood of cesarean delivery and the length of the DRG adoption period. A total of 477,309 (37.0%) delivery cases were performed by CSs. We found that a longer DRG adoption period was associated with a lower odds ratio of CSs (odds ratio [OR]: 0.997, 95% CI: 0.996-0.998). In addition, a longer DRG adoption period was associated with a lower odds ratio for CSs in hospitals that had voluntarily adopted the DRG system. Similar results were also observed for urban hospitals, primiparas, and those under 28 years old and over 33 years old. Our results suggest that the change in the reimbursement system was associated with a low likelihood of CSs. The impact of DRG adoption on cesarean delivery can also be expected to increase with time, as our finding provides evidence that the reimbursement system is associated with the health provider's decision to provide health services for patients. PMID:27173768

  1. Closure or Non-Closure of Peritoneum in Cesarean Section: Outcomes of Short-Term Complications

    OpenAIRE

    Tabasi, Zohreh; Mahdian, Mehrdad; Abedzadeh-Kalahroudi, Masoumeh

    2013-01-01

    Background Cesarean section (CS) is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures worldwide. The complications following a CS include fever, wound infection, post-operative pain and bleeding which are not usually found in a normal vaginal delivery. Traditionally, suturing of peritoneal layers for CS patients has been done, but in some studies it has been shown that this procedure could be eliminated without affecting the rate of morbidity. Objectives The objective of this study was...

  2. Clinical management of the induction of labor in intrauterine fetal death: evaluation of incidence of cesarean section and related conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Isabel do Nascimento

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and conditions associated with cesarean section in a cohort of pregnant women with intrauterine fetal death (IUFD, and clinical management to anticipate the childbirth. METHODS: It was a retrospective cohort study with 163 mothers with IUFD, at the second half of pregnancy, who were managed to anticipate childbirth using pharmacological preparations and/or a mechanical method (Foley catheter in a teaching hospital in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Cox regression was used to evaluate the effect of the clinical methods on the kind of delivery. RESULTS: The Subgroups A (misoprostol or Oxytocin, B (misoprostol and Oxytocin, and C (Foley catheter alone or combined with misoprostol and/or Oxytocin were formed according to the applied methods. Nine out of 163 cases ended with cesarean section. The incidence of cesarean section was 3.5 per 1,000 people-hours, meaning that a pregnant woman with IUFD had a 15.6% risk of cesarean section during the first 48 hours of clinical management to anticipate childbirth. The conditions significantly associated with the mode of delivery were placental abruption (HR: 44.97, having two or more previous cesarean deliveries (HR: 10.03, and mechanical method with Foley catheter (HR: 5.01. CONCLUSION: Cesarean section was an essential conduct in this cohort and followed previous cesarean delivery and placental abruption. The effect of the mechanical method on the abdominal route suggests that the Foley catheter method was used in the most difficult cases and that the surgery was performed to ensure maternal health.

  3. Technology use, cesarean section rates, and perinatal mortality at Danish maternity wards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lidegaard, O; Jensen, L M; Weber, Tom

    1994-01-01

    Fifty-eight Danish maternity units, managing 99% of Danish deliveries, participated in a cross sectional study to assess the relationship between use of birth-related technologies, cesarean section rates and perinatal mortality for births after 35 completed weeks of gestation. A regional technology...... index (0-10) was calculated for each maternity unit according to its use of ante and intra partum fetal heart rate monitoring (FHM), hormone analysis (human placental lactogen (HPL) and/or estriol (O3)), fetal blood samples (scalp-pH), intrauterine catheter and umbilical cord-pH. Maternity units using......, and unplanned cesarean section rates in the eight regions were all without significant association to the perinatal mortality in the same regions. For births after the 35th completed week of gestation, this study could not confirm a relationship between different degrees of use of birth-related technologies...

  4. Danish obstetricians' personal preference and general attitude to elective cesarean section on maternal request: a nation-wide postal survey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess Danish obstetricians' and gynecologists' personal preference and general attitude towards elective cesarean section on maternal request in uncomplicated single cephalic pregnancies at term. DESIGN: Nation-wide anonymous postal questionnaire. POPULATION: Four hundred and fifty......-five obstetricians and gynecologists identified in the records of the Danish Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology from January 2000. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Personal preference on the mode of delivery and general attitude towards elective cesarean section on maternal request in an uncomplicated single cephalic...... reasons given for preferring abdominal deliveries was the risk to the fetus, risks of perineal injury, and urinary and anal incontinence. Of Danish specialists in obstetrics and gynecology, 37.6% agreed with a woman's right to have an elective cesarean section on maternal request without any medical...

  5. Intra-operative maternal complications of emergency cesarean section done in advanced labor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Emergency cesarean section done in advanced labor is a big challenge in obstetrics due to increased risk of intraoperative complications. In the last decade, a rapid increase in cesarean section done in advanced labor has been observed. Difficult deli-very of the fetal head during cesarean section carries a high risk of intraoperative complications like cervical and uterine tears, intra operative hemorrhage and trauma to the baby. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to find out the frequency and risk factors for intra-operative complications in emergency cesarean section done in advanced labor, so that appropriate management protocols can be planned to reduce these complications. Study Design: Prospective cohort study. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was carried out in Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit - 2 of Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Services Hospital, Lahore; from 1st January 2007 to 31st December 2007. All patients undergoing emergency cesarean sections done on laboring mothers were included in the study. The sample was divided into two groups; emergency C-section done in advanced labor as the study group and emergency C-section in early labor as the control group. Data were collected regarding age, parity, booked or unbooked status, indications for cesarean section, level of competence of operating surgeon, intra-operative complications and the risk factors for these complications. Data were recorded on a structured proforma and compared between the two groups. Statistical Analysis: Data were analyzed using computer programme SPSS Version 14 for windows applying student t-test for quantitative and chai square test for qualitative parameters. A p-value < 0.05 was used as statistically significant. Results: Out of 2064 total deliveries in the year 2007, 1290 (62.5%) were vaginal deliveries and 774 (37.5%) were C-Sections. Out of 774 C-Section, 174 (23%) were elective and 600 (77%) were emergency. Out of 600 emergency C-sections

  6. Managing anesthesia for cesarean section in obese patients: current perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamon, Agnes M; Habib, Ashraf S

    2016-01-01

    Obesity is a worldwide epidemic. It is associated with increased comorbidities and increased maternal, fetal, and neonatal complications. The risk of cesarean delivery is also increased in obese parturients. Anesthetic management of the obese parturient is challenging and requires adequate planning. Therefore, those patients should be referred to antenatal anesthetic consultation. Anesthesia-related complications and maternal mortality are increased in this patient population. The risk of difficult intubation is increased in obese patients. Neuraxial techniques are the preferred anesthetic techniques for cesarean delivery in obese parturients but can be technically challenging. An existing labor epidural catheter can be topped up for cesarean delivery. In patients who do not have a well-functioning labor epidural, a combined spinal epidural technique might be preferred over a single-shot spinal technique since it is technically easier in obese parturients and allows for extending the duration of the block as required. A continuous spinal technique can also be considered. Studies suggest that there is no need to reduce the dose of spinal bupivacaine in the obese parturient, but there is little data about spinal dosing in super obese parturients. Intraoperatively, patients should be placed in a ramped position, with close monitoring of ventilation and hemodynamic status. Adequate postoperative analgesia is crucial to allow for early mobilization. This can be achieved using a multimodal regimen incorporating neuraxial morphine (with appropriate observations) with scheduled nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and acetaminophen. Thromboprophylaxis is also important in this patient population due to the increased risk of thromboembolic complications. These patients should be monitored carefully in the postoperative period, since there is increased risk of postoperative complications in the morbidly obese parturients. PMID:27574464

  7. Classic metaphyseal lesion following external cephalic version and cesarean section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lysack, John T; Soboleski, Don

    2003-06-01

    We report a case of an otherwise healthy neonate diagnosed at birth with a classic metaphyseal lesion of the proximal tibia following external cephalic version for frank breech presentation and a subsequent urgent cesarean section. Although the classic metaphyseal lesion is considered highly specific for infant abuse, this case demonstrates the importance of obtaining a history of obstetric trauma for neonates presenting to the imaging department for suspected non-accidental injury. PMID:12709748

  8. Classic metaphyseal lesion following external cephalic version and cesarean section

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lysack, John T.; Soboleski, Don [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Queen' s University, Kingston General Hospital, 76 Stuart Street, K7L 2V7, Kingston, Ont. (Canada)

    2003-06-01

    We report a case of an otherwise healthy neonate diagnosed at birth with a classic metaphyseal lesion of the proximal tibia following external cephalic version for frank breech presentation and a subsequent urgent cesarean section. Although the classic metaphyseal lesion is considered highly specific for infant abuse, this case demonstrates the importance of obtaining a history of obstetric trauma for neonates presenting to the imaging department for suspected non-accidental injury. (orig.)

  9. Risk Factors for Endometritis Following Low Transverse Cesarean Section

    Science.gov (United States)

    OLSEN, Margaret A.; BUTLER, Anne M.; WILLERS, Denise M.; GROSS, Gilad A.; DEVKOTA, Preetishma; FRASER, Victoria J.

    2012-01-01

    Objective To determine independent risk factors for endometritis (EMM) following low transverse cesarean section (LTCS). Study design We performed a retrospective case-control study from July 1999 to June 2001 in a large tertiary-care academic hospital. EMM was defined as fever beginning > 24 hours or continuing for ≥ 24 hours after delivery plus fundal tenderness in the absence of other causes for fever. Independent risk factors for EMM were determined by multivariable logistic regression. A fractional polynomial method was used to examine risk of EMM associated with the continuous variable, duration of rupture of membranes. Results EMM was identified in 124/1605 (7.7%) women within 30 days after LTCS. Independent risk factors for EMM included age (odds ratio (OR) for each additional year 0.93; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.90-0.97) and anemia/perioperative blood transfusion (OR 2.18; CI:1.30-3.68). Risk of EMM was marginally associated with a proxy for low socioeconomic status, lack of private health insurance (OR 1.72; CI: 0.99-3.00), amniotomy (OR 1.69; CI:0.97-2.95), and longer duration of rupture of membranes. Conclusion Risk of EMM was independently associated with younger age and anemia, and was marginally associated with lack of private health insurance, and amniotomy. Although duration of rupture of membranes was only marginally associated with increased risk of EMM, increased risk was observed very soon after rupture of membranes. Knowledge of these risk factors is important to guide selective use of prophylactic antibiotics during labor and heighten awareness of the risk in subgroups at highest risk of infection. PMID:19951198

  10. Initial non-opioid based anesthesia in a parturient having severe aortic stenosis undergoing cesarean section with aortic valve replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subrata Podder

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pregnancy in presence of severe aortic stenosis (AS causes worsening of symptoms needing further intervention. In the advanced stages of pregnancy, some patients may even require aortic valve replacement (AVR and cesarean delivery in the same sitting. Opioid based general anesthesia for combined lower segment cesarean section (LSCS with AVR has been described. However, the use of opioid may lead to fetal morbidity and need of respiratory support for the baby. We describe successful anesthetic management for LSCS with AVR in a >33 week gravida with severe AS and congestive heart failure. We avoided opioids till delivery of the baby AVR; the delivered neonate showed a normal APGAR score.

  11. The incidence of complications after cesarean section in HIV-infected women with advanced WHO stages of HIV disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Shevchenko

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Prevalence of HIV infection in Ukraine is 1.6% overall, with antenatal prevalence of 0.52%, the highest in Europe. According to national protocol, cesarean section has been recommended for women with viral load above 50 copies/mL to further prevent vertical transmission of HIV. The aim of our study was to compare the infectious complication rates after cesarean delivery in HIV-infected women with advanced WHO stages of HIV disease who received HAART, and HIV-infected women with I or II WHO stages. Materials and methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on data derived from 150 HIV-infected women with advanced WHO stages of HIV disease (group I and 150 HIV-infected women with I or II WHO stages (group II, who underwent cesarean delivery. Postoperative infectious morbidity in both groups was analyzed according to whether the cesarean section was an elective or emergent delivery. Descriptive, comparison analyses were performed. Results: There was no significant difference between the both groups in terms of gravidity, parity, number of previous cesarean sections, estimated gestational age at time of delivery. It has been shown that HIV-infected women from the group I have 2 times more factors for the appearance of postpartum infectious complications, such as anemia, the urinary tract infection, sexually transmitted infections. Both groups of women were statistically more likely to experience postpartum endometritis when being delivered by emergent cesarean section than by elective cesarean section (14.6% versus 4.6%, respectively in the group I and 5.3% versus 0.5%, respectively, in the group II, superficial or deep wound breakdown (22.6% versus 4.6%, respectively, in the first group and 5.3% versus 2.6%, respectively, in the second group. Septic pelvic thrombophlebitis was only in 2% of HIV-infected women from the group I. Urinary tract infection had 25% HIV-infected women in the both groups. Overall, the rate of postpartum infectious

  12. Cesarean section and rate of subsequent stillbirth, miscarriage, and ectopic pregnancy: a Danish register-based cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinéad M O'Neill

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: With cesarean section rates increasing worldwide, clarity regarding negative effects is essential. This study aimed to investigate the rate of subsequent stillbirth, miscarriage, and ectopic pregnancy following primary cesarean section, controlling for confounding by indication. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We performed a population-based cohort study using Danish national registry data linking various registers. The cohort included primiparous women with a live birth between January 1, 1982, and December 31, 2010 (n = 832,996, with follow-up until the next event (stillbirth, miscarriage, or ectopic pregnancy or censoring by live birth, death, emigration, or study end. Cox regression models for all types of cesarean sections, sub-group analyses by type of cesarean, and competing risks analyses for the causes of stillbirth were performed. An increased rate of stillbirth (hazard ratio [HR] 1.14, 95% CI 1.01, 1.28 was found in women with primary cesarean section compared to spontaneous vaginal delivery, giving a theoretical absolute risk increase (ARI of 0.03% for stillbirth, and a number needed to harm (NNH of 3,333 women. Analyses by type of cesarean section showed similarly increased rates for emergency (HR 1.15, 95% CI 1.01, 1.31 and elective cesarean (HR 1.11, 95% CI 0.91, 1.35, although not statistically significant in the latter case. An increased rate of ectopic pregnancy was found among women with primary cesarean overall (HR 1.09, 95% CI 1.04, 1.15 and by type (emergency cesarean, HR 1.09, 95% CI 1.03, 1.15, and elective cesarean, HR 1.12, 95% CI 1.03, 1.21, yielding an ARI of 0.1% and a NNH of 1,000 women for ectopic pregnancy. No increased rate of miscarriage was found among women with primary cesarean, with maternally requested cesarean section associated with a decreased rate of miscarriage (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.60, 0.85. Limitations include incomplete data on maternal body mass index, maternal smoking, fertility treatment

  13. Cesarean Section and Rate of Subsequent Stillbirth, Miscarriage, and Ectopic Pregnancy: A Danish Register-Based Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neill, Sinéad M.; Agerbo, Esben; Kenny, Louise C.; Henriksen, Tine B.; Kearney, Patricia M.; Greene, Richard A.; Mortensen, Preben Bo; Khashan, Ali S.

    2014-01-01

    Background With cesarean section rates increasing worldwide, clarity regarding negative effects is essential. This study aimed to investigate the rate of subsequent stillbirth, miscarriage, and ectopic pregnancy following primary cesarean section, controlling for confounding by indication. Methods and Findings We performed a population-based cohort study using Danish national registry data linking various registers. The cohort included primiparous women with a live birth between January 1, 1982, and December 31, 2010 (n = 832,996), with follow-up until the next event (stillbirth, miscarriage, or ectopic pregnancy) or censoring by live birth, death, emigration, or study end. Cox regression models for all types of cesarean sections, sub-group analyses by type of cesarean, and competing risks analyses for the causes of stillbirth were performed. An increased rate of stillbirth (hazard ratio [HR] 1.14, 95% CI 1.01, 1.28) was found in women with primary cesarean section compared to spontaneous vaginal delivery, giving a theoretical absolute risk increase (ARI) of 0.03% for stillbirth, and a number needed to harm (NNH) of 3,333 women. Analyses by type of cesarean section showed similarly increased rates for emergency (HR 1.15, 95% CI 1.01, 1.31) and elective cesarean (HR 1.11, 95% CI 0.91, 1.35), although not statistically significant in the latter case. An increased rate of ectopic pregnancy was found among women with primary cesarean overall (HR 1.09, 95% CI 1.04, 1.15) and by type (emergency cesarean, HR 1.09, 95% CI 1.03, 1.15, and elective cesarean, HR 1.12, 95% CI 1.03, 1.21), yielding an ARI of 0.1% and a NNH of 1,000 women for ectopic pregnancy. No increased rate of miscarriage was found among women with primary cesarean, with maternally requested cesarean section associated with a decreased rate of miscarriage (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.60, 0.85). Limitations include incomplete data on maternal body mass index, maternal smoking, fertility treatment, causes of

  14. Apgar score after induction of anesthesia for canine cesarean section with alfaxalone versus propofol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doebeli, A; Michel, E; Bettschart, R; Hartnack, S; Reichler, I M

    2013-11-01

    The effects of alfaxalone and propofol on neonatal vitality were studied in 22 bitches and 81 puppies after their use as anesthetic induction agents for emergency cesarean section. After assessment that surgery was indicated, bitches were randomly allocated to receive alfaxalone 1 to 2 mg/kg body weight or propofol 2 to 6 mg/kg body weight for anesthetic induction. Both drugs were administered intravenously to effect to allow endotracheal intubation, and anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. Neonatal vitality was assessed using a modified Apgar score that took into account heart rate, respiratory effort, reflex irritability, motility, and mucous membrane color (maximum score = 10); scores were assigned at 5, 15, and 60 minutes after delivery. Neither the number of puppies delivered nor the proportion of surviving puppies up to 3 months after delivery differed between groups. Anesthetic induction drug and time of scoring were associated with the Apgar score, but delivery time was not. Apgar scores in the alfaxalone group were greater than those in the propofol group at 5, 15, and 60 minutes after delivery; the overall estimated score difference between the groups was 3.3 (confidence interval 95%: 1.6-4.9; P < 0.001). In conclusion, both alfaxalone and propofol can be safely used for induction of anesthesia in bitches undergoing emergency cesarean section. Although puppy survival was similar after the use of these drugs, alfaxalone was associated with better neonatal vitality during the first 60 minutes after delivery.

  15. Fracture of the Femur of A Newborn after Cesarean Section for Breech Presentation and Fibroid Uterus :A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahima Farikou

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The practice of cesarean section is known to decrease the occurrence of long bone fractures. We present here an unusual diaphyseal fracture of the femur of a newborn after cesarean section, the only case observed in our 14 years of practice. Case Report: The patient was a 3.4-kg female child born at 38 weeks of gestation. The mother was a primipara and aged 39 years. Ultrasound examination at 20th week revealed intrauterine fibroids with a breech presentation. Therefore, elective cesarean section was indicated. There was no apparent bone disorder that could predispose to sustain femur fracture. The fracture was treated successfully with a bilateral spica cast. The cesarean section was indicated in an aged primipara, bearer of uterine fibroids, and breech presentation. She had a good general health status, but her bone density was unknown since this examination is not routinely performed in our clinical settings in Africa. Conclusion: Elderly age, primipara status, presence of uterine fibroids, and breech presentation are usual indications for cesarean section. However, there are not many reports on femur fracture after cesarean section. Our present case suggests that despite the latest advances in delivery techniques, cesarean section for breech presentation predisposes the neonate to femoral fractures. Keywords: Femur fracture; Cesarean section; Fibroid; Breech presentation; Africa.

  16. Women who conceived with infertility treatment were more likely to receive planned cesarean deliveries in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chien, Li-Yin; Lee, Yu-Hsiang; Lin, Yu-Hung; Tai, Chen-Jei

    2015-06-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the effect of conception with infertility treatment on planned cesarean delivery. The participants were from a panel of primiparous pregnant women in northern Taiwan. The data analysis included 771 women with a singleton pregnancy, of whom 160 had a planned cesarean delivery and 611 who had a vaginal delivery. The study women answered structured questionnaires during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, and at one-month postpartum. Women who conceived with infertility treatment were more likely to have planned cesarean deliveries than women who conceived without it (44.7% versus 18.1%, p maternal age over 35 years, whether they were currently unmarried, selection of time for birth in advance, gestational hypertension, and birthweight maternal age or higher number of morbidities during pregnancy. Counseling for women who conceive with infertility treatments may be needed to decrease unnecessary cesarean deliveries. PMID:25581216

  17. Abdominal Wall Desmoid Tumor in a Pregnant Woman and Cesarean Section Managment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Mojibian

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Increased risk of sporadic desmoid tumor occurs in increased estrogen level (pregnancy and surgical incisions (abdominal and thorasic. The frequency of desmoid tumors in the general population is 2.4 to 4.3 cases. The case is 30 year old woman with history of previous cesarean section. In fourth month of pregnancy,ultrasonography revealed a 5×7 cm mass in lower segment of the uterus(leiomyoma. The tumor diameter was 20 cm in term gestation. The time of cesarean , incision of skin was done above the umbilicus and below the sternum and incision of uterus was done from fondus vertically down. After delivery, the mass which was separated from uterus and located in the abdominal wall was extracted. The histological investigation diagnosed a desmoid tumor.

  18. Technology use, cesarean section rates, and perinatal mortality at Danish maternity wards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1994-01-01

    Fifty-eight Danish maternity units, managing 99% of Danish deliveries, participated in a cross sectional study to assess the relationship between use of birth-related technologies, cesarean section rates and perinatal mortality for births after 35 completed weeks of gestation. A regional technology...... index (0-10) was calculated for each maternity unit according to its use of ante and intra partum fetal heart rate monitoring (FHM), hormone analysis (human placental lactogen (HPL) and/or estriol (O3)), fetal blood samples (scalp-pH), intrauterine catheter and umbilical cord-pH. Maternity units using...

  19. Effect of Skin to Skin Contact on Maternal State Anxiety in a Cesarean Section Ward

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Haghani

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This study aimed at investigating the effect of skin to skin contact (SSC on maternal state anxiety (MSA in cesarean section unit in Akbarabadi Hospital in Tehran. Methods: In a randomized controlled trial, 60 Iranian mothers with at least one record of cesarean section delivery were assigned to two intervention (SSC and control groups. In the morning shift and two hours after the operation, as a routine postoperative care, pain-killers were given to all mothers. Then the mothers’ pain scores were measured using visual analog scale (VAS. If VAS was≤3, MSA was measured by using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI Scale (Spiel Berger. Thirty minutes of SSC intervention was done for mothers in the intervention group. Six hours later, in case VAS was ≤ 3, MSA was re-measured by using the Spiel Berger Scale for all mothers. Results: Six hours after implementing the intervention, there were no meaningful statistical differences between the MSA mean scores of the two groups, but severity of MSA in intervention group was less than that of the control group (P=0.037. Six hours after the intervention, there was a significant decrease in the MSA mean score in SSC group (P=0.002. Conclusion: As regards the important role of constant anxiety in developing postpartum depression, and as the results of this study indicate, SSC is recommended in postpartum and especially cesarean section wards.

  20. Emergency cesarean delivery in a parturient who had an intractable paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia -A case report-

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Kyoung Ok; Chang, Eun-jung; Han, Jin; Cho, Hun

    2012-01-01

    Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is a common arrhythmia in the parturient and can occur with or without an underlying organic heart disease. A woman of 35 weeks' gestation, who had a paroxysmal SVT that was resistant to antiarrhythmic drugs and electric cardioversion, required emergency Cesarean delivery. The Cesarean delivery was performed under spinal anesthesia and a healthy baby was delivered uneventfully. SVT spontaneously converted to normal sinus rhythm right after deliver...

  1. Effect of Social Factors on Cesarean Birth in Primiparous Women: A Cross Sectional Study (Social Factors and Cesarean Birth)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ONER, Can; CATAK, Binali; SÜTLÜ, Sevinç; KILINÇ, Selçuk

    2016-01-01

    Background: P Cesarean delivery rates have been increasing throughout the world. Parallel to the developments in the world the cesarean rate in Turkey has risen to 48.1% in 2013. Some of the social factors were related with cesarean births. The purpose of this study was to determine cesarean birth rates and to find out social factors affecting the cesarean birth in primiparous women. Methods: This study was conducted in Burdur Province, Turkey between the dates of 1 Jan 2012–31 Dec 2012 on 223 primiparous women. The data was collected with data collection form prepared by the researchers by using face-to-face interview technique. In these analyses, chi-square and Backward Logistic regression analyses were used. Results: In multivariate analyses, the place of delivery (OR: 11.2 [2.9–42.46] in private hospital and OR: 6.1 [2.6–14.1] in university hospital); time of the birth (OR: 7.1 [3.1–16.0]); doctor’s effect (OR: 4.0 [1.8–8.95]) and husband’s employment status (OR: 2.23 [1.0–4.7]) have been identified as factors affecting the caesarean delivery in primiparous women. Conclusion: Although the results do not show all of the factors affecting the caesarean delivery in primiparous women, they reveal that medical reasons are not the only reason in this increase trend. Health policy makers and health professionals are required to identify the causes of this increase and to take measures. PMID:27648420

  2. The use of quality control performance charts to analyze cesarean delivery rates nationally.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Turner, Michael J

    2012-02-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of quality control performance charts to analyze cesarean rates nationally. METHODS: Information on cesarean rates was obtained for all 19 Irish maternity hospitals receiving state funding in 2009. All women who underwent cesarean delivery of a live or stillborn infant weighing 500 g or more between January 1 and December 31 were included. Deliveries were classified as elective or emergency. Individual hospitals were not identified in the analysis. RESULTS: The mean rates per hospital of elective and emergency cesarean were 12.9+\\/-2.6% (n=9337) and 13.8+\\/-3.0% (n=9989), respectively-giving an overall mean rate of 26.7+\\/-4.2% (n=19326) per hospital. Cesarean rates were normally distributed. Using a quality control performance chart with a cutoff 2 standard deviations from the mean, 1 hospital was above the normal range for both total and elective cesareans, indicating that its pre-labor obstetric practices warrant clinical review. Another hospital had a mean emergency cesarean rate above the normal range, indicating that its labor ward practices warrant review. CONCLUSION: Quality control performance charts can be used to analyze cesarean rates nationally and, thus, to identify hospitals at which obstetric practices should be reviewed.

  3. Anesthetic management of patient with Sjogren's syndrome who underwent cesarean section: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Na Eun; Lee, Jae Hyuk; Lee, Jun Yong

    2016-01-01

    Sjogren's syndrome is one of the most common autoimmune disorders and has a female predominance. Maternal circulating autoantibodies such as anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB antibodies can cause congenital heart block of fetus, and in severe case, emergency pacemaker implantation may be needed for neonate. Therefore, it is very important to understand maternal and fetal condition and pay attention to the status of the neonate during delivery. In this paper, we present a case of patient with Sjogren's syndrome who underwent cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. PMID:27274376

  4. Comparison of Neonatal Arterial Blood Oxygen Saturation Rate Immediately After Birth in Normal and Elective Cesarean Delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoodi Fatemeh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Ninety percent of neonates pass the transition from fetal life to outside uterus successfully, and only 1% needs intensive support for survival. The quantity of oxygen saturation immediately after birth shows the need for resuscitation immediately after birth. The present research was carried out with the objective of comparing saturation rate of arterial blood hypoxia in neonates born with normal vaginal delivery and cesarean method. Materials and Methods: 220 neonates born with elective cesarean section and normal delivery were studied in an analytical-descriptive study. Demographic questionnaire was completed. Then a pulse oxymeter with its sensor fixed on the right wrist of the neonates was used. Heart rate was recorded and the level of oxygen saturation (SaO2 under 90% was considered as hypoxia. To compare the quantitative and qualitative variable between the two groups, paired t test and chi-square test was used, respectively. Pearson correlation test was used to study the correlation between the variables. Results: The age range of mothers was 16-38 years. The mothers’ average age, gestational age and neonates’ weight were not significantly different between groups. The average SaO2 in minutes 1, 3 and 5 was 72%, 81% and 89%, respectively in vaginal delivery, which showed a significant difference compared to cesarean neonates with average of 65%, 75% and 83%, respectively. No significant difference was observed after10 minutes. Also there were not significant statistical correlation between mothers age, number of pregnancies, sex and weight of neonate with SaO2 of arterial blood after 1, 3, 5 and 10 minutes after birth. Conclusion: With respect to the results of the present research SaO2 was higher in neonates of vaginal delivery in comparison to cesarean neonates. Encouraging mothers to delivery vaginally and also using aid-oxygen is proposed for the cesarean neonates at birth.

  5. Intrauterine contraception after cesarean section and during lactation: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goldstuck ND

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Norman D Goldstuck,1 Petrus S Steyn2 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa; 2Reproductive Health and Fertility Regulation, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Groote Schuur Hospital and University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa Background: All postpartum women, including those who are breastfeeding or have had a cesarean section, appear potentially suited to intrauterine contraception, a long acting reversible contraceptive (LARC. Like any other method used after delivery, it should not interfere with lactation or be affected by cesarean section. Study design: We searched the MEDLINE, PubMed, Popline, Google Scholar, and Clinicaltrials.gov databases from January 1968 through to December 2012. Studies were included if they reported event rates in women who had a cesarean section and event rates and clinical outcomes in lactating women or their infants in the breastfeeding group. Summary odds ratios were not calculated because of the diverse methods of reporting event rates in the cesarean section group and the heterogeneity of the results in the breastfeeding group. Results: We found 26 articles on event rates in interval and post-placental intrauterine device (IUD use, and 18 on event rates and clinical outcomes in breastfeeding IUD users. Four prospective studies and one retrospective study showed an increased expulsion rate in interval insertion. There were 19 studies, of which five were controlled in post-placental IUD insertion after cesarean section. Four studies had expulsion rates of 10 or more per 100 woman-years of use and 15 expulsion rates below 10 per 100 woman-years of use. Three studies showed that event rates for lactating IUD users are the same as those for non-lactating users. Fifteen controlled studies showed that the IUD had no effect on milk production and seven of these showed no effect on infant growth. Pharmacovigilance databases report an

  6. A 10-year appraisal of cesarean delivery and the associated fetal and maternal outcomes at a teaching hospital in southeast Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onoh RC

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Robinson Chukwudi Onoh,1 Justus Ndulue Eze,2 Paul Olisaemeka Ezeonu,1 Lucky Osaheni Lawani,1 Chukwuemeka Anthony Iyoke,3 Peter Onubiwe Nkwo3 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Abakaliki, 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Health Sciences, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria Background: The global rise in cesarean delivery rate has been a major source of public health concern. Aim: To appraise the cesarean deliveries and the associated fetal and maternal outcomes. Materials and methods: The study was a case series with data collected retrospectively from the records of patients delivered by cesarean section at the Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki over a 10-year period, from January 2002 to December 2011. Ethical approval was obtained. Results: Of 14,198 deliveries, 2,323/14,198 (16.4% were by cesarean deliveries. The overall increase of cesarean delivery was 11.1/10 (1.1% per annum from 184/1,512 (12.2% in 2002 to 230/986 (23.3% in 2011. Of 2,097 case folders studied, 1,742/2,097 (83.1% were delivered at term, and in 1,576/2,097 (75.2%, the cesarean deliveries were emergencies. The common indications for cesarean delivery were previous cesarean scars 417/2,097 (19.9% and obstructed labor 331/2,097 (15.8%. There were 296 perinatal deaths, giving a perinatal mortality rate of (296/2,197 134.7/1,000 births. Also, 129/2,097 (6.1% maternal case fatalities occurred, giving a maternal mortality rate of 908.6/100,000 total births. Hemorrhage 57/129 (44.2% and sepsis 41/129 (32.6% were the major causes. Conclusion: The study recorded a significant increase in cesarean delivery rate. Previous cesarean scars and obstructed labors were the main indications. Perinatal and maternal case fatalities were huge. Hence, there is need for continued community education for its reduction

  7. Outcomes of vaginal delivery and cesarean in Mashhad Ghaem University Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Boskabadi

    2014-03-01

    Conclusion: The results of this study showed in comparison with cesarean delivery, normal vaginal delivery provides better outcomes in terms of breast problems, breast feeding status, duration of labor and duration of maternal hospitalization for both mother and infant. So, adopting careful instructions in management and administration of deliveries will help the prevalence of making decisions for normal vaginal delivery and the recovery of delivery outcomes.

  8. Maternal deaths after elective cesarean section for breech presentation in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schutte, Joke M.; Steegers, Eric A. P.; Santema, Job G.; Schuitemaker, Nico W. E.; Van Roosmalen, Jos

    2007-01-01

    Background and methods. The cesarean section rate for term singleton breech babies in the Netherlands rose from 57 to 81% after the Term Breech Trial in 2000. The Dutch Maternal Mortality Committee registered and evaluated maternal mortality due to elective cesarean section for breech. Results. Four

  9. Disclosing doubtful indications for emergency cesarean sections in rural hospitals in Tanzania

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maaløe, Nanna; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian; Onesmo, Rwakyendela;

    2012-01-01

    To investigate in depth to what extent indications for emergency cesarean sections followed evidence-based audit criteria for realistic best practice.......To investigate in depth to what extent indications for emergency cesarean sections followed evidence-based audit criteria for realistic best practice....

  10. Scheduled cesarean delivery: maternal and neonatal risks in primiparous women in a community hospital setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiroz, Lieschen H; Chang, Howard; Blomquist, Joan L; Okoh, Yvonne K; Handa, Victoria L

    2009-04-01

    We compared the short-term maternal and neonatal outcomes of women who deliver by cesarean without labor compared with women who deliver by cesarean after labor or by vaginal birth. This was a retrospective cohort study of women delivering a first baby from 1998 to 2002. Hospital discharge diagnostic coding identified unlabored cesarean deliveries (UCDs), labored cesarean deliveries (LCDs), and vaginal births (VBs). Medical records were abstracted and mode of delivery confirmed. The three outcomes of interest were maternal bleeding complications, maternal febrile morbidity, and neonatal respiratory complications. Using logistic regression for each outcome, we investigated whether mode of delivery was associated with the outcome, independent of other factors. The study groups included 513 UCDs, 261 LCDs, and 251 VBs. Compared with the UCD group, the adjusted odds of bleeding complications was higher in the LCD comparison group (odds ratio [OR] 2.3; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.21, 4.53) and the VB comparison group (OR 1.96; 95% CI 0.95, 4.02). The incidence of febrile morbidity was similar for both cesarean groups but lower in the VB group. Both comparison groups had lower odds of neonatal complications than the UCD group (OR for LCD comparison group 0.52; 95% CI 0.27, 0.95 and OR for VB comparison group 0.26; 95% CI 0.098, 0.59). Scheduled cesarean is associated with increased odds of neonatal respiratory complications but decreased odds of maternal bleeding complications.

  11. Maternal demand for cesarean section: perception and willingness to request by Nigerian antenatal clients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okonkwo NS

    2012-03-01

    likely than those at the SHC or the PHCs to request cesarean section and to favor a woman’s right of autonomy to choose her mode of delivery.Conclusion: The decision for MDCS is a difficult one, because willingness is low and criticism by partners of those who choose MDCS is high. Provision of epidural anesthesia and improved safety of vaginal delivery is recommended. This may prevent Nigerian women from making a difficult choice for MDCS based on fear of pain and poor labor outcome. The role of the male partner should be taken into consideration in order to make sustainable policies or guidelines for MDCS in developing countries.Keywords: maternal demand cesarean section, perception, antenatal, clients, Nigeria

  12. Timing of elective cesarean section and neonatal morbidity: A randomized controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glavind, Julie; Kindberg, Sara Fevre; Uldbjerg, Niels;

    2012-01-01

    Objective Neonatal complications related to timing of elective cesarean section (ECS) have never been studied in randomized trials. We designed the first randomized trial of timing of ECS and hypothesized a decrease in neonatal admission rate if ECS was scheduled after 39 completed weeks of gesta......Objective Neonatal complications related to timing of elective cesarean section (ECS) have never been studied in randomized trials. We designed the first randomized trial of timing of ECS and hypothesized a decrease in neonatal admission rate if ECS was scheduled after 39 completed weeks....... Diabetics and women with an estimated high risk of having ECS before 39 weeks and 5 days of gestation were excluded. The primary outcome was admission to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit within 48 hours of birth. Results From March 2009 to June 2011 1274 women from seven Danish hospitals were enrolled....... Baseline characteristics were similar in intervention groups. No significant difference in primary outcome was found between ECS delivery at 38+3 weeks (88/635 neonates or 13.9% admitted) and ECS delivery at 39+3 weeks (76/637 neonates or 11.9% admitted), RR 0.86 (95% CI 0.65-1.15). Compliance was defined...

  13. Out-of-Hospital Perimortem Cesarean Section as Resuscitative Hysterotomy in Maternal Posttraumatic Cardiac Arrest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Gatti

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The optimal treatment of a severe hemodynamic instability from shock to cardiac arrest in late term pregnant women is subject to ongoing studies. However, there is an increasing evidence that early “separation” between the mother and the foetus may increase the restoration of the hemodynamic status and, in the cardiac arrest setting, it may raise the likelihood of a return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC in the mother. This treatment, called Perimortem Cesarean Section (PMCS, is now termed as Resuscitative Hysterotomy (RH to better address the issue of an early Cesarean section (C-section. This strategy is in contrast with the traditional treatment of cardiac arrest characterized by the maintenance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR maneuvers without any emergent surgical intervention. We report the case of a prehospital perimortem delivery by Caesarean (C section of a foetus at 36 weeks of gestation after the mother’s traumatic cardiac arrest. Despite the negative outcome of the mother, the choice of performing a RH seems to represent up to date the most appropriate intervention to improve the outcome in both mother and foetus.

  14. Risk Factors for Cesarean Delivery following Labor Induction in Multiparous Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corine J. Verhoeven

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To identify potential risk factors for cesarean delivery following labor induction in multiparous women at term. Methods. We conducted a retrospective case-control study. Cases were parous women in whom the induction of labor had resulted in a cesarean delivery. For each case, we used the data of two successful inductions as controls. Successful induction was defined as a vaginal delivery after the induction of labor. The study was limited to term singleton pregnancies with a child in cephalic position. Results. Between 1995 and 2010, labor was induced in 2548 parous women, of whom 80 had a cesarean delivery (3%. These 80 cases were compared to the data of 160 parous women with a successful induction of labor. In the multivariate analysis history of preterm delivery (odds ratio (OR 5.3 (95% CI 1.1 to 25, maternal height (OR 0.87 (95% CI 0.80 to 0.95 and dilatation at the start of induction (OR 0.43 (95% CI 0.19 to 0.98 were associated with failed induction. Conclusion. In multiparous women, the risk of cesarean delivery following labor induction increases with previous preterm delivery, short maternal height, and limited dilatation at the start of induction.

  15. Prelabor Cesarean Section and Risk of Childhood Type 1 Diabetes A Nationwide Register-based Cohort Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Tine Dalsgaard; Bergholt, Thomas; Eriksson, Frank;

    2016-01-01

    age, and education and paternal type 1 diabetes status at childbirth (HR 1.2; 95% CI 1.0 to 1.3), but not after additional adjustment for maternal type 1 diabetes status at childbirth (HR 1.1; 95% CI 0.95 to 1.2). Delivery by intrapartum cesarean section was not associated with childhood type 1...... diabetes. Paternal type 1 diabetes was a stronger risk-factor for childhood type 1 (HR 12; 95% CI 10 to 14) than maternal type 1 diabetes (HR 6.5; 95% CI 5.2 to 8.0). CONCLUSIONS: Delivery by prelabor cesarean section was not associated with an increased risk of childhood type 1 diabetes in the offspring....... contributed 20,436,684 person-years, during which 4,400 were diagnosed with childhood type 1 diabetes. RESULTS: The hazard ratio for childhood type 1 diabetes was increased in children delivered by prelabor cesarean section compared with vaginal delivery when adjusted for year of birth, parity, sex, parental...

  16. Premedication with midazolam prior to cesarean delivery in preeclamptic parturients: A randomized controlled trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokhtar, Ali M.; Elsakka, Ahmed I.; Ali, Hassan M.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Anxiety is a concern in obstetrics, especially in preeclamptic mothers. Sedation is not commonly used in parturients for fear of adverse neonatal effect. We investigated maternal and neonatal outcome of midazolam as an adjuvant to spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled trial, in which eighty preeclamptic parturients received either an intravenous dose of 0.035 mg/kg of midazolam or an equal volume of normal saline, 30 min before spinal anesthesia. Maternal anxiety was assessed using Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS); postoperative maternal satisfaction was assessed using Maternal Satisfaction Scale for Cesarean Section (MSSCS). Newborns were assessed using Apgar score, Neonatal Neurologic and Adaptive Capacity Score (NACS), and umbilical artery blood gases. Results: Mothers premedicated with midazolam showed a lower level of preoperative anxiety and a higher degree of postoperative satisfaction than the control group. There were no between-group differences regarding the neonatal outcome. Conclusion: Preeclamptic parturients premedicated with midazolam (0.035 mg/kg) before spinal anesthesia have lower anxiety and higher postoperative satisfaction levels, with no adverse effects on the newborns. PMID:27746564

  17. Does dexamethasone prevent subarachnoid meperidin-induced nausea, vomiting and pruritus after cesarean delivery?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Banihashem

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Opioid-induced side effects such as nausea and vomiting and pruritus are common and may be more debilitating than pain itself. We performed a study to assess the efficacy of dexamethasone in reducing postoperative nausea, vomiting, and pruritus in patients receiving neuraxial anesthesia with meperidine. Methods: Fifty-two women undergoing cesarean section were enrolled in the study. The control group and dexamethasone group received intravenously normal saline and dexamethasone, respectively, before spinal anesthesia. The occurrence of postoperative nausea, vomiting, and pruritus was assessed for 24 h in both groups. Results: The overall incidence of nausea and vomiting during the 24 h follow-up period was 37% and 22.2% for group saline and 20% and 12% for group dexamethasone, respectively (P=0.175, 0.469. The incidence of pruritus was not significantly different between the two groups. Pruritus severity was significantly less in the dexamethasone group than in the saline group (P=0.019. Conclusion: Prophylactic dexamethasone does not reduce the incidence of subarachnoid meperidine-induced nausea, vomiting, and pruritus in women undergoing cesarean delivery.

  18. Efficacy of prophylactic intravenous ondansetron on the prevention of hypotension during cesarean delivery: a dose-dependent study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Meng; Zhuo, Lang; Wang, Qun; Shen, Ming-Kun; Yu, Yan-Yun; Yu, Jun-Jing; Wang, Zhi-Ping

    2014-01-01

    Objective: This study was to determine the optimal dosage of ondansetron for preventing maternal hypotension during cesarean delivery. Methods: One hundred and fifty parturient women scheduled for elective cesarean section were randomly assigned to five groups (n=30). Five minutes prior to spinal anesthesia, women were injected with 5 ml of physiological saline (S), 2 mg (O2), 4 mg (O4), 6 mg (O6), or 8 mg (O8) of ondansetron in saline, respectively. Maternal blood pressure and heart rate were measured at 2-min intervals for 30 min. The serum parameters in umbilical cord blood were analyzed after delivery. Results: Compared with group S, the incidence of maternal hypotension was significantly lower in groups O4 and O6 (P < 0.05). The umbilical venous pH was significantly higher in group O4 (P < 0.05); while the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (Pco2) was significantly lower in groups O4, O6, and O8 (P < 0.05); and the bicarbonate (Hco3 -) and base excess in extracellular fluid (BEecf) were significantly lower in groups O6 and O8 (P < 0.05). Moreover, minimal changes of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and mean arterial blood pressure were observed in group O4 (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The optimal dose of ondansetron preloading was 4 mg during cesarean delivery. PMID:25664023

  19. Cesarean section rate in Iran, multidimensional approaches for behavioral change of providers: a qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashidian Arash

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The cesarean section rate has been steadily rising from 35% in 2000 to 40% in 2005 in Iran. The objective of this study was to identify barriers of reduce the cesarean section rate in Iran, as perceived by obstetricians and midwives as the main behavioral change target groups. Methods A qualitative study with purposive sampling was designed in which data were collected through in-depth interviews and document analyses. Hospitals were selected on the bases of being public and or private and their response to the ministry's C-section reduction interventions. The hospital director, obstetricians and midwives from each hospital were included in the study. The classification of barriers suggested by Grol and Wensing was used for the thematic analysis. Results After 26 in-depth interviews and document analyses, the barriers were identified as: financial, insurance and judicial problems at the economic and political context level; the type and ownership of hospitals, absence of an on call physician, absence of clear job-descriptions for obstetricians and midwives, too many interventions in the delivery process and shortage of human resources and facilities at the organizational context level; distrust and insufficient collaborations between obstetricians and midwives from macro to micro level at the social context level; attitudes toward complications of C-section, reduced capabilities of obstetricians, midwives and residents at the individual professional level; and finally, at the innovation level, vaginal delivery is time consuming, imposes high stress levels and is unpredictable. Conclusion Changing service providers' behavior is not possible through presentation of scientific evidence alone. A multi-level and multidisciplinary approach using behavior change theories is unavoidable. In future studies, the effect of the barriers should be determined to help policy makers recognize the most effective interventional package.

  20. Cimethidine pre-anesthetic. A prophylactic method against Mendelson's syndrome in cesarean section

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, N; Storm, K

    1983-01-01

    Twenty patients undergoing cesarean section received cimethidine 400 mg intramuscularly as pre-anesthetic approximately 70 minutes prior to gastric aspiration. The average pH was 5.05, as against 2.97 in the control group (p less than 0.01). No significant reduction in the aspirated volumes...... in the infants. Hence, cimethidine is a safe and useful pre-anesthetic for patients undergoing cesarean section, irrespective of indication and, consequently, much to be preferred to oral antacids....

  1. Laparoscopic repair of wide and deep uterine scar dehiscence after cesarean section.

    OpenAIRE

    Donnez, Olivier; Jadoul, Pascale; Squifflet, Jean; Donnez, Jacques

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To propose a new laparoscopic technique for repair of scar dehiscence after cesarean section. DESIGN: The dehiscent scars were evaluated by ultrasound, hysterography, hysteroscopy, and magnetic resonance imaging. The results were correlated with those after laparoscopic repair. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Three patients underwent cesarean section and presented with symptomatic dehiscence at the level of the incision. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic repair of the dehisce...

  2. A prova de trabalho e a via de parto em primíparas com uma cesárea anterior Factors associated with mode of delivery among primipara women with one previous cesarean section and undergoing a trial of labor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacinta Pereira Matias

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar fatores associados à cesárea em mulheres com um único parto anterior por cesárea e submetidas à prova de trabalho de parto. MÉTODOS: Estudo de corte transversal retrospectivo, incluindo 1746 mulheres com uma cesárea anterior submetidas à prova de trabalho de parto no segundo parto ocorrendo entre 1986 e 1998. Foram excluídos os casos com atual gestação múltipla e/ou com malformações fetais incompatíveis com a vida. Elas foram divididas pelo tipo de parto atual em dois grupos: cesárea (n=731 e parto vaginal após cesárea (PVAC, n=1015. A análise estatística para a identificação de fatores associados ao tipo de parto foi feita por meio do cálculo da razão de prevalência (RP e IC 95%, sendo feito também o ajuste por idade, excluindo-se os casos com informações ignoradas em cada análise. RESULTADOS: A taxa total de parto vaginal após cesárea foi de 58,1%. Os fatores significativamente associados com parto por cesárea foram: maior idade materna, maior altura uterina (RP 1,5; IC 95% 1,19-1,88, rotura prematura de membranas (1,3; 1,08-1,54, líquido amniótico não claro (1,22; 1,04-1,43 ou com quantidade alterada (1,32; 1,01-1,73, alteração dos batimentos cardíacos fetais (1,96; 1,68-2,28, apresentação não cefálica (2,03; 1,54-2,66, indução do parto (1,74; 1,42-2,11 e ausência de analgesia (2,57; 2,11-3,11. CONCLUSÃO: Os fatores associados ao parto por cesárea foram a maior idade, apresentação não-cefálica, rotura prematura de membranas, fetos grandes, necessidade de indução do trabalho de parto, e sinais de comprometimento da vitalidade fetal.OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with cesarean section in women with only one previous delivery by cesarean section and undergoing a trial of labor. METHODS: A retrospective cross sectional study was performed from 1986 to 1998 including a total of 1746 women with one prior cesarean section and delivering after a trial of labor

  3. Polymicrobial abdominal wall necrotizing fasciitis after cesarean section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMuro, Jp; Hanna, Af; Chalas, E; Cunha, Ba

    2012-09-01

    We report a case of a previously healthy woman after an uneventful caesarean section who developed polymicrobial necrotizing fasciitis. She was given a non-steroidal anti-inflamatory drug (NSAID) after her delivery. Her post-delivery course was complicated by septic shock, and required multiple debridements before abdominal reconstruction. This case describes the increased risk of necrotizing fasciitis with NSAID use. Unusual were the organisms causing the polymicrobial necrotizing fasciitis: Staphylococcus aureus, Enterobacter agglomerans, Acinetobacter baumannii, and two strains of Enterobacter cloacae.

  4. Elective cesarean delivery in non-dialyzed parturient with chronic renal failure

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    Saravanan P Ankichetty

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic renal failure is rare in pregnancy and often results in significant maternal and neonatal morbidity. When possible, preoperative dialysis is useful to optimize fluid and electrolyte balance. We describe the perioperative management of a parturient who persistently refused dialysis, had an uneventful cesarean delivery under graded epidural anesthesia.

  5. The analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block after cesarean delivery: a randomized controlled trial.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McDonnell, John G

    2008-01-01

    The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is an effective method of providing postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing midline abdominal wall incisions. We evaluated its analgesic efficacy over the first 48 postoperative hours after cesarean delivery performed through a Pfannensteil incision, in a randomized controlled, double-blind, clinical trial.

  6. [Acute pancreas necrosis with biliary peritonitis in cesarean section].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoldos, L; Hincová, M

    1986-01-01

    The authors describe the case of a hemorrhagic pancreatitis with non-perforating biliary peritonitis. The abdomen symptomatology was hidden by the beginning contractions and due to the dystocia the delivery was finished by caesarean section. The presence of choleperitoneum required a surgical revision of the abdominal cavity which enabled to make the right diagnosis. This thesis deals with aetiology and mechanism of choleperitoneum inception during hemorrhagic pancreatitis. PMID:3788337

  7. Increased cesarean section rate in Central Saudi Arabia: a change in practice or different maternal characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Kadri HM

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Hanan M Al-Kadri,1 Sultana A Al-Anazi,1 Hani M Tamim21Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, 2College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaBackground: Cesarean section (CS rate has shown creepy increase. We aimed in this work to identify factors contributing to increasing rate of CS in central Saudi Arabia.Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City. Two groups of women were included (G1 and G2. G1 had delivered by CS during the year 2002 (CS rate 12%, and G2 had delivered by CS during the year 2009 (CS rate 20%. We compared the included women’s characteristics, neonates, CS indications, and complications. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 15 program. Odds ratios and confidence intervals were calculated to report precision of categorical data results. A P-value of ≤0.05 was considered significant.Results: A total of 198 women were included in G1 and 200 in G2. Both groups had comparable maternal and fetal characteristics; however, absence of antenatal care has resulted in 70% increase in CS deliveries for G2, P=0.008, OR =0.30, CI 0.12–0.76. Previous vaginal surgeries have contributed to tenfold increase in CS deliveries for G2, P=0.006, OR =10.37, CI 1.32–81.78. G2 had eight times increased CS deliveries than G1 due to intrauterine growth restriction, P=0.02, OR =8.21, CI 1.02–66.25, and 80% increased risk of CS was based on maternal demand, P=0.02, OR =0.20, CI 0.02–1.71. Decision taken by less-experienced staff was associated with 2.5-fold increase in CS deliveries for G2, P=0.002, OR =2.62, CI 1.39–4.93. There was a significant increase in CS deliveries under regional analgesia and shorter duration of hospital stay for G2, P=0.0001 and P=0.001, respectively. G2 women had 2.75-fold increase in neonatal intensive care unit admission, P=0.03, OR =2.75, CI 1.06–7.15.Conclusion: CS delivery rate

  8. Anesthetic Implications of Emergent Cesarean Section in a Parturient with Marfan Syndrome Complicated by Ascending Aortic Aneurysm and Heart Failure

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    Young Sung Kim

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Cardiovascular comorbidities to the Marfan syndrome may induce hemodynamic instability especially in the parturients during labor or delivery. For anesthesiologists, it is challenging to maintain hemodynamic stability during Cesarean section in those patients with Marfan syndrome. Remifentanil is an ultra-short-acting opioid with rapid onset and offset of action which provides cardiovascular stability during surgery. Together with remifentanil, the use of a laryngeal mask airway can reduce the risk of hypertensive response followed by tracheal intubation. We describe the successful administration of remifentanil and application of laryngeal mask airway for emergent Cesarean section performed under general anesthesia in a patient with Marfan syndrome complicated by ascending aortic aneurysm and heart failure. The use of remifentanil (loading dose of 1 μg/kg for 1 min, 2 min before induction; thereafter continuous infusion dose of 0.1 μg/kg/min was useful to maintain hemodynamic stability of the parturient throughout the surgery without neonatal respiratory depression.Keywords: Ascending Aortic Aneurysm; Cesarean section; Laryngeal mask airway; Marfan syndrome; Remifentanil

  9. Emergency cesarean section as a result of acute eosinophilic pneumonia during pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotani, Yasushi; Shiota, Mitsuru; Umemoto, Masahiko; Nakai, Hidekatsu; Tobiume, Takako; Tsuritani, Hiromitsu; Shimaoka, Masao; Doh, Kunihiko; Hoshiai, Hiroshi

    2009-11-01

    Acute eosinophilic pneumonia is a disease of unknown etiology characterized by peripheral blood eosinophilia and pulmonary infiltrative shadows on radiography. Acute eosinophilic pneumonia follows an acute course within 1 week and the symptoms include fever, dyspnea, and cough. Acute eosinophilic pneumonia has a good prognosis and responds promptly to steroid treatments. Here we present a critical case of acute eosinophilic pneumonia during pregnancy, which led to emergency cesarean section because of fetal distress. The patient was a 24-year-old gravida at 34 + 6 weeks gestation, with fever, and an elevated CRP; thus antibiotics were started. At 35 + 1 weeks gestation, cardiotocography (CTG) revealed late decelerations, fetal distress was diagnosed, and an emergency cesarean section was performed. The pre-operative maternal blood gas analysis showed a low PaO(2) of 55.7 mmHg and a chest X-ray revealed ground-glass opacities and pleural effusions in the middle lower lung fields bilaterally. A male of 2,336 g in weight was delivered with Apgar scores of 8 and 8 at 1 and 5 min, respectively. Due to the clinical progress and the elevated eosinophil count (532/microl) in the peripheral blood differential leukocyte count, the diagnosis of acute eosinophilic pneumonia was made. With the administration of oxygen and steroid treatment, the patient's general condition recovered. Both the mother and the baby were discharged on the 10(th) post-operative day and the patient has been leading a normal life with no recurrence for > 3 years since delivery. PMID:19851054

  10. Emergency bedside cesarean delivery: lessons learned in teamwork and patient safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kinney Michelle A O

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Maternal cardiovascular and pulmonary events during labor and delivery may result in adverse maternal and fetal outcome. Potential etiologies include primary cardiac events, pulmonary embolism, eclampsia, maternal hemorrhage, and adverse medication events. Remifentanil patient-controlled analgesia is an alternative when conventional neuraxial analgesia for labor is contraindicated. Although remifentanil is a commonly used analgesic, its use for labor analgesia is not clearly defined. Case presentation We present an unexpected and unique case of remifentanil toxicity resulting in the need for an emergent bedside cesarean delivery. A 30-year-old G3P2 woman receiving subcutaneous heparin anticoagulation due to a recent deep vein thrombosis developed cardiopulmonary arrest during labor induction due to remifentanil toxicity. Conclusion A rapid discussion among the attending obstetric, anesthesia, and nursing teams resulted in consensus to perform an emergent bedside cesarean delivery resulting in an excellent fetal outcome. During maternal cardiopulmonary arrest, a prompt decision to perform a bedside cesarean delivery is essential to avoid significant maternal and fetal morbidity. Under these conditions, rapid collaboration among obstetric, anesthesia, and nursing personnel, and an extensive multi-layered safety process are integral components to optimize maternal and fetal outcomes.

  11. Influence factors of cesarean section and interventions to reduce the rate of cesarean section%剖宫产率增高的影响因素及降低剖宫产率的干预措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秋芳

    2016-01-01

    目的 探析剖宫产的影响因素及降低剖宫产率的干预措施.方法 选取2012年1月至12月1 195例产妇为干预前组,选取2014年1月至12月行干预措施的1 280例产妇为干预后组.分析高剖宫产率的影响因素及降低剖宫产率的干预措施的效果.结果 2012年550例剖宫产产妇中胎儿因素220例(40.0%),包括宫内窘迫、巨大儿、双胎、臀位、胎位异常等因素;母亲因素207例(37.6%),包括妊娠并发症、瘢痕子宫、高龄初产、盆骨狭窄、产程异常等;社会因素123例(22.4%).干预前剖宫产率为46.0%,干预后降低至38.0%,干预前后比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 阴道分娩为自然生理过程,值得提倡,可通过产前保健、提高产科质量、严格掌握剖宫产指征、心理干预与生理支持等干预措施来降低剖宫产率.%Objective To investigate the influence factors of cesarean section and interventions to reduce the rate of cesarean section.Methods From January 2012 to December 2012, 1 195 pregnant women were selected as the before intervention group, 1 280 pregnant women from January 2014 to December in 2014 were selected as the after intervention group, and to analyze the influence factors of cesarean section and interventions to reduce the rate of cesarean section.Results Among the 550 cases of cesarean seltion in 2012, fetal factors was 220 cases(40%), including fetal distress, fetal macrosomia, twins, breech presentation and abnormal fetal position;maternal factors was 207 cases(37.6%), including pregnancy complication, uterine scar, older primipara, narrow pelvis, abnormal stage;social factors was 123 cases(22.4%).The rate of cesarean section before the intervention was 46.0%, it was 38.0%after the intervention, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusions Vaginal delivery is a natural physiological process which is worth advocating.The rate of cesarean section can be reduced

  12. Serial Change in Cervical Length for the Prediction of Emergency Cesarean Section in Placenta Previa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jae Eun Shin

    Full Text Available To evaluate whether serial change in cervical length (CL over time can be a predictor for emergency cesarean section (CS in patients with placenta previa.This was a retrospective cohort study of patients with placenta previa between January 2010 and November 2014. All women were offered serial measurement of CL by transvaginal ultrasound at 19 to 23 weeks (CL1, 24 to 28 weeks (CL2, 29 to 31 weeks (CL3, and 32 to 34 weeks (CL4. We compared clinical characteristics, serial change in CL, and outcomes between the emergency CS group (case group and elective CS group (control group. The predictive value of change in CL for emergency CS was evaluated.A total of 93 women were evaluated; 31 had emergency CS due to massive vaginal bleeding. CL tended to decrease with advancing gestational age in each group. Until 29-31 weeks, CL showed no significant differences between the two groups, but after that, CL in the emergency CS group decreased abruptly, even though CL in the elective CS group continued to gradually decrease. On multivariate analysis to determine risk factors, only admissions for bleeding (odds ratio, 34.710; 95% CI, 5.239-229.973 and change in CL (odds ratio, 3.522; 95% CI, 1.210-10.253 were significantly associated with emergency CS. Analysis of the receiver operating characteristic curve showed that change in CL could be the predictor of emergency CS (area under the curve 0.734, p < 0.001, with optimal cutoff for predicting emergency cesarean delivery of 6.0 mm.Previous admission for vaginal bleeding and change in CL are independent predictors of emergency CS in placenta previa. Women with change in CL more than 6 mm between the second and third trimester are at high risk of emergency CS in placenta previa. Single measurements of short CL at the second or third trimester do not seem to predict emergency CS.

  13. Emergency cesarean delivery in primigravida with portal hypertension, esophageal varices, and preeclampsia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khanna, Puneet; Garg, Rakesh; Roy, Kajari; Punj, Jyotsna; Pandey, Ravindra; Darlong, Vanlal

    2012-10-01

    The incidence of cirrhosis and advanced portal hypertension during pregnancy is very low, and the literature is scarce with regard to the anesthetic management of a parturient with this coexisting disease. We report the successful perioperative management of a parturi- ent with a history of cirrhosis and portal hypertension with esophageal varices and mild preeclampsia who presented at 38 weeks' gestation in active labor with a breech presentation requiring emergency cesarean delivery. She required endoscopic esophageal varices banding during the second trimester of pregnancy. After correction of her coagulopathy, she was administered subarachnoid block and cesarean delivery, which was conducted uneventfully. Anesthetic management of these patients depends on understanding and avoiding variceal hemorrhage, encephalopathy, renal failure, and careful fluid and electrolyte management. PMID:26050279

  14. Study on Modification of the Misgav Ladach Method for Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏; 邹丽; 朱剑文

    2001-01-01

    172 cases of pregnant women scheduled for delivery by cesarean section were randomly assigned to 59 cases in modification group with modified Misgav Ladach technique, 57 cases in Misgav Ladach group with Misgav Ladach technique and 56 cases in Pfannenstiel group with Pfannenstiel technique from May to Dec. 1999. The modified points included: transversely incising the fascia 2 to 3 cm, then dividing it bluntly; without opening and dissociating the visceral peritoneum; two layers suturing of low transverse uterine incision; closing the skin by continuous suturing. Results showed the average delivery time in the modification group was (3.6±2.6) min and (5.7±2.9) min in the Misgav Ladach group (P0.05). Average blood loss was (128±35) ml in modification group compared with (212±147) ml in the Pfannenstiel group (P<0.05). It was concluded that the modified Misgav Ladach technique not only preserved all advantages of Misgav Ladach method, but also had additional advantages, such as faster in delivering the fetus, less damage, easier mastering for obstetricians.

  15. A Survey of Perioperative and Postoperative Anesthetic Practices for Cesarean Delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leinani Aiono-Le Tagaloa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this survey was to review cesarean delivery anesthetic practices. An online survey was sent to members of the Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology (SOAP. The mode of anesthesia, preferred neuraxial local anesthetic and opioid agents, postoperative analgesic regimens, and monitoring modalities were assessed. 384 responses from 1,081 online survey requests were received (response rate = 36%. Spinal anesthesia is most commonly used for elective cesarean delivery (85% respondents, with 90% of these respondents preferring hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.75%. 79% used intrathecal fentanyl and 77% used morphine (median [range] dose 200 mcg [50–400]. 91% use respiratory rate, 61% use sedation scores, and 30% use pulse oximetry to monitor for postoperative respiratory depression after administration of neuraxial opioids. Postoperative analgesic regimens include: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, acetaminophen, oxycodone, and hydrocodone by 81%, 45%, 25%, and 27% respondents respectively. The majority of respondents use spinal anesthesia and neuraxial opioids for cesarean delivery anesthesia. There is marked variability in practices for monitoring respiratory depression postdelivery and for providing postoperative analgesia. These results may not be indicative of overall practice in the United States due to the select group of anesthesiologists surveyed and the low response rate.

  16. Second-trimester cervical length as risk indicator for Cesarean delivery in women with twin pregnancy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Mheen, L; Schuit, E; Liem, S M S; Lim, A C; Bekedam, D J; Goossens, S M T A; Franssen, M T M; Porath, M M; Oudijk, M A; Bloemenkamp, K W M; Duvekot, J J; Woiski, M D; de Graaf, I; Sikkema, J M; Scheepers, H C J; van Eijk, J; de Groot, C J M; van Pampus, M G; Mol, B W J

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine whether second-trimester cervical length (CL) in women with a twin pregnancy is associated with the risk of emergency Cesarean section. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of two randomized trials conducted in 57 hospitals in The Netherlands. We assessed the univariable as

  17. Second-trimester cervical length as risk indicator for Cesarean delivery in women with twin pregnancy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van de Mheen, L.; Schuit, E.; Liem, S. M. S.; Lim, A. C.; Bekedam, D. J.; Goossens, S. M. T. A.; Franssen, M. T. M.; Porath, M. M.; Oudijk, M. A.; Bloemenkamp, K. W. M.; Duvekot, J. J.; Woiski, M. D.; De Graaf, I.; Sikkema, J. M.; Scheepers, H. C. J.; Van Eijk, J.; De Groot, C. J. M.; Van Pampus, M. G.; Mol, B. W. J.

    2015-01-01

    Objective To determine whether second-trimester cervical length (CL) in women with a twin pregnancy is associated with the risk of emergency Cesarean section. Methods This was a secondary analysis of two randomized trials conducted in 57 hospitals in The Netherlands. We assessed the univariable asso

  18. Cesarean section in the People’s Republic of China: current perspectives

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    Feng XL

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Xing Lin Feng,1 Ying Wang,1 Lin An,2 Carine Ronsmans3 1Department of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Women, Children and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England Objective: To review the current knowledge on the prevalence, reasons, and consequences of cesarean sections in the People’s Republic of China. Methods: Peer-reviewed articles were systematically searched on PubMed. The following Chinese databases were comprehensively searched: the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and the VIP information. The databases were searched from inception to September 1, 2013. Two reviewers independently screened the titles and abstracts for eligibility. Full texts of eligible papers were reviewed, where relevant references were hand-searched and reviewed. Findings: Sixty articles were included from PubMed, 17 articles were intentionally picked out from Chinese journals, and five additional articles were added, for a total of 82 articles for the analysis. With a current national rate near 40%, the literature consistently reported a rapid rise of cesarean sections in the People’s Republic of China in the past decades, irrespective of where people lived or their socioeconomic standing. Nonclinical factors were considered as the main drivers fueling the rise of cesareans in the People’s Republic of China. There was a lively debate on whether women’s preferences or providers’ distorted financial incentives affected the rise in cesarean sections. However, recent evidence suggests that it might be the People’s Republic of China’s health development approach – focusing on specialized care and marginalizing primary care – that is playing a role. Although 30 articles

  19. Successful management of maternal factor VII deficiency in a cesarean section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Young-Jae; Ju, Da-Hye; Yi, Sang-Wook; Lee, Sang-Soo; Sohn, Woo-Seok

    2014-07-01

    Factor VII (FVII) deficiency is an infrequent hereditary bleeding disorder that can make excessive bleeding in surgical interventions, such as a postpartum hemorrhage in a cesarean section. Although a recombinant form of activated FVII has been applied for bleeding control in FVII-deficient patients, its applications in the field of obstetrics are still limited, especially in Korea. Replacement of blood products is still preferred as first-line therapy, with antifibrinolytic agents used as adjunctive therapy. We report herein the case of a successful cesarean section in an 18-year-old woman with FVII deficiency. PMID:25105106

  20. [Anesthetic Management of a Patient with Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis during Cesarean section].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, Erika; Takaenoki, Yumiko; Shizukuishi, Masaaki; Fukuda, Isao; Kazama, Tomiei

    2015-04-01

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare disease, associated with histiocyte increases, and granuloma, in various organs. About 160 patients are reported in Japan. A pregnant patient with a pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis underwent cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. She had repeated pneumothorax with bilateral pulmonary cysts rapidly becoming worse during pregnancy. She was treated with continuous oxygen after 28 weeks of the pregnancy. On 34 weeks of the pregnancy, spinal anesthesia with 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine (2 ml) and fentanyl (25 μg) for cesarean section was performed, and provided excellent analgesia without any side-effects. PMID:26419115

  1. The evaluation of myomectomies performed during cesarean section in our clinic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celal, Kadı; Hülya, Çıçek

    2011-01-01

    Background: We evaluated the data of patients who had applied myomectomy during cesarean section operation in our clinic between April, 2008 and December, 2010. Objective: I0 n this period, 3689 cesarean sections were done in our clinic, we analyzed their data retrospectively and determined 27 myomectomy cases during cesarean section operation. The age of the patients, the numbers of pregnancy, parities, the rates of abortus, indications of cesarean, pregnancy weeks, residential areas of myoms detected during the cesarean and their size, were recorded. Furthermore, pre-operative and post-operative hemoglobin (Hb) values, differences between hemoglobin values, whether there was bleeding or not, the need of blood transfusion if it occurred, the duration of operation and hospitaization and the pathological diagnoses of myomectomy materials, were examined. Materials and Methods: Retrospective study of myomectomies. Results: The mean age of patients was 29.6±5.9 (19-42) and mean gestational age was 39.2±1.0(37-42) weeks. The mean size of the fibroids was 5.94±6.29 cm3 (0.96-26.50 cm3). Subserous myoms were the most frequently seen ones (24 of 27 patients=89%) with fundal, corporal localizations in most of the instances. T0 he pre-operative and post-operative values of Hb were 11.8±1.52 (8.6-10.5) and 10.3±2.6 (6.9-13.3) g/dl respectively and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). Blood transfusion was not necessary in any patient. The mean duration of the operation was found to be 40.7±13.9 (13-60) minutes. Conclusion: Myomectomies can be performed safely during cesarean section by experienced obstetricians and gynecologists, and myomectomy performed for fibroids in appropriate localizations does not increase post-operative bleeding or maternal morbidity or mortality. PMID:22083246

  2. Fatores Associados à Realização de Cesárea em Primíparas com uma Cesárea Anterior Factors Associated with Cesarean Section in Primipara Women with One Previous Cesarean Section

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Guilherme Cecatti

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: avaliar a via de parto em um grupo de gestantes primíparas de baixa renda com uma cesárea anterior e os fatores associados à repetição da cesárea no segundo parto. Pacientes e Métodos: realizou-se um estudo caso-controle com 356 gestantes atendidas de janeiro de 1993 a janeiro de 1996 na Maternidade do CAISM/UNICAMP. Constituíram os casos as 153 gestantes que tiveram o segundo parto por cesárea, e os controles, as 203 que tiveram o segundo parto vaginal. Para a análise utilizaram-se médias, desvio padrão, teste t de Student, teste de Mann-Whitney, chi² e "odds ratio" (OR e IC 95% para cada possível fator associado à realização de cesárea no segundo parto. Resultados: a via do segundo parto foi vaginal em 57% das vezes. Dentre as diversas variáveis estudadas, as que mostraram estar significativamente associadas à realização de cesárea no segundo parto foram: maior idade materna (para mulheres com 35 anos ou mais, OR = 16,4, antecedente de abortamento (OR = 2,09, indução do trabalho de parto (OR = 3,83, rotura prematura de membranas (OR = 2 ,83, a não-realização de analgesia durante o período de dilatação (OR = 5,3, o diagnóstico de algum sinal de vitalidade fetal alterada (OR = 2,7 e a ocorrência do parto à tarde (OR = 1,92. Conclusões: os resultados indicam que os fatores associados à repetição de cesárea em mulheres com uma cicatriz de cesárea nesta população são predominantemente médicos, mas há a possibilidade de se proporem intervenções dirigidas a diminuir o índice de repetição de cesáreas.Purpose: to evaluate the route of delivery in a group of low-income primipara pregnant women with a previous cesarean section, and the factors associated with the repetition of the cesarean section on the second delivery. Patients and Methods: it was a case-control study including 356 women who were assisted at the Maternity of CAISM/UNICAMP during the period between January 1993 and January

  3. OUR EXPLODING CESAREAN RATES: A SYSTEM FOR AUDITING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepthi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To identify the groups of women contributing most to the cesarean section rate. METHOD: An analysis of 480 cesarean deliveries conducted at SUT Academy of Medical Sciences over a period of 2yrs (Jan2010-Dec2011 was done with Robson classification system. RESULTS: Group 2, 4 and 5 are really driving our cesarean rate i.e., the first time pregnant women, induced women and the women with previous uterine scar. CONCLUSION: Analyzing the cesarean section rates is very important as this will help us to develop appropriate guidelines to reduce our exploding rates of cesarean section

  4. The Efficacy of Postoperative Wound Infusion with Bupivacaine for Pain Control after Cesarean Delivery: Randomized Double Blind Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azin Alavi

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study investigated the efficacy of bupivacaine wound infusion for pain control and opioid sparing effect after cesarean delivery.Materials and methods: We conducted a randomized double blind, placebo controlled clinical trial on 60 parturients undergoing cesarean section at a university hospital in Tehran. Patients were randomized to receive a pump infusion system that was filled with either 0.25% bupivacaine or equal volume of distilled water. A catheter was placed above the fascia and connected to electronic pump for 24 hours. Postoperative analog pain scores and morphine consumption were assessed at 6, 12 and 24 hours. Also time interval to first ambulation, length of hospitalization, complications and patient satisfaction were recorded. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Mann-Whitney u-test, student t-test and chi-square were used. Results: There were no differences in patient demographics and length of hospitalization and patient-generated resting pain scores between the two groups. Pain scores after coughing and leg raise during the first 6 postoperative hours were significantly less in the Bupivacaine group (P<0.001. The total dose of morphine consumption during the 24 hours study period was 2.5 ± 2.5 mg vs. 7.3 ± 2.7 mg for the bupivacaine and control groups, respectively (P<0.001. Compared with the control group, time to first ambulation was shorter in the bupivacaine group (11± 5h vs. 16 ± 4h (P< 0.01. Conclusion: Bupivacaine wound infusion was a simple and safe technique that provides effective analgesia and reduces morphine requirements after cesarean delivery.

  5. Cesarean section on maternal request: should it be formally prohibited in Italy?

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    Ugo Indraccolo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Cesarean section on maternal request (CSMR could represent an avoidable quota of cesareans. In Italy, this is a topical problem of health-policy, involving ethical, juridical and medical issues. AIM AND METHODS: A 5-questions questionnaire to quantitatively assess the perspectives of medical, juridical and ethical issues of planned CSMR was administered to obstetricians and gynecologists, midwives, lawyers and pregnant women. It was assessed to what extent those issues matter on the final decision of planning a CSMR. RESULTS: Non-homogeneous answers of stakeholders suggest different perspectives about issues on CSMR. The juridical issue seems to have the greatest impact on the final decision. CONCLUSION: Planning a CSMR associates overall with juridical issues in each group of respondents. Therefore, an obstetrician and gynecologist is unable to counsel a patient on CSMR from a medical point of view. The most direct way for reducing cesareans in Italy could be the formal prohibition of CSMR.

  6. Preventive Analgesia with Intravenous Paracetamol for Post-cesarean section Pain Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simin Atashkhoyi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Effective pain therapy after cesarean section is essential for parturient comfort and to allow early ambulation to facilitate care of her infant. This study evaluated the analgesic effect of preventive 1gr intravenous paracetamol on postoperative pain and analgesic consumption during the 24 hours after cesarean section. Materials and Methods: One-hundred American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA I or II status parturient scheduled for elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. Patients received 1gr iv paracetamol into 100 ml normal saline (study group; n=50 or normal saline alone (placebo group; n=50 20 minutes before the end of operation. Results: Pain scores were lower in the study group in the Post anesthesia care unit (PACU (p<0.001 and up to 4h after operation (p<0.001. Cumulative analgesic consumption was lower in the study group (p<0.001. Conclusion: Preventive administration of 1gr iv paracetamol reduces the intensity of pain in the PACU and until 4h after operation and analgesic consumption following cesarean section.

  7. [Characteristic features of systemic hemodynamics during cesarean section under general anesthesia with ketamine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moiseev, V N

    1983-02-01

    On the basis of a comparative investigation of the central hemodynamics by the method of integrative rheography of the body in two groups of women during the operation of cesarean section under general anesthesia with ether or ketamin the author makes a conclusion that ketamin is a good drug for anesthesia in urgent surgical situations.

  8. CT finding of ruptured splenic artery aneurysm after cesarean section : a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryu, Chang Woo; Kim, Hee Jin [CHA Medical College, Pundang CHA Gerneral Hospital Sungnam, (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-03-01

    Spontaneous rupture of a splenic artery aneurysm during puerperium is rare and is due to the non-specific clinical appearance, diagnosis is difficult. We describe a case of spontaneous rupture of splenic artery aneurysm after a Cesarean section. CT showed high-density ascites localized in the lesser sac and left retroperitoneum.

  9. Prophylactic antibiotics for hysterectomy and cesarean section: amoxicillin-clavulanic acid versus cefazolin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyoti Malik

    2016-04-01

    Conclusions: Broad spectrum amoxicillin-clavulanic acid was not superior to cefazolin in prevention of post-operative infection when given as prophylaxis in hysterectomy and elective cesarean section. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(4.000: 980-983

  10. [Anesthetic Management of Cesarean Section in a Pregnant Woman with Advanced Tongue Cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kojima, Mikiko; Yoshie, Kazuka; Shimazaki, Azusa; Ohtsuka, Naoki; Otake, Hiroshi; Koide, Keiko; Sato, Youko

    2016-06-01

    It is very difficult to decide the best time to deliver the baby for a pregnant woman with advanced cancer. We experienced the perioperative and perinatal management of a 39-year-old pregnant woman with advanced tongue cancer. The cancer had already metastasized to the lung and lymph nodes. Furthermore a recurrent thumb-sized tumor was found in her mouth. She had firmly desired to discontinue all anticancer treatment for protecting the fetus. On the other hand, her family could not accept her determination yet. Therefore the medical team was organized with doctors and co-medicals from multiple departments such as gynecology, pediatrics, radiology, oncology, midwife, psychotherapy and anesthesiology. After several conferences including herself and family, finally cesarean section was scheduled for the 30th gestational week. Prepared for unexpected emergency delivery, airway stenosis was ruled out by fiberoptic laryngoscopy and the consent for emergency tracheostomy was obtained. The operation was performed successfully under spinal anesthesia without any severe troubles. Medical care as a team from early phase enabled elaborate observation and preparation through the perioperative and perinatal period. Furthermore, it was efficient to provide satisfaction to the patient and her family as well. PMID:27483663

  11. Análise dos fatores de risco anteparto para ocorrência de cesárea Analysis of the risk factors for cesarean section

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Angélica Leite de Carvalho Silva

    2005-04-01

    performed to identify the antepartum risk factors for cesarean section in the period from September 1, 1999 to August 31, 2000. Thereafter an ideal model able to quantify the risk for cesarean section for each patient in the presence of one or more risk factor was created. Then, the model was applied to the patients of the study in order to verify the efficacy of indication for cesarean section. RESULTS: the baseline risk for cesarean section was 15.2%. The concordance between the percentage estimated through logistic model and cesarean delivery was 86.6%. CONCLUSIONS: the logistic model was able to identify the baseline risk for cesarean section and to quantify the increase in risk for cesarean section in each patient when risk factors were introduced in the model. The model can be considered efficient and able to predict cesarean section because the agreemant between the prediction and the correct indication was 86.6%, and 53.6% of the patients who had vaginal delivery did not have any risk factor for cesarean section.

  12. 剖宫产后的妇科问题%Gynecologic Problem of the Cesarean Sections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁东红; 石一复

    2011-01-01

    目的:统计分析剖宫产后的妇科问题.方法:由专人回顾性调查某女职工集中的单位近20年剖宫产后的妇科问题.结果:176例剖宫产中近期产科情况7例,占3.98%;妇科变化142例,占80.68%,其中以月经变化、腹痛腰酸、泌尿系症状、子宫与腹壁粘连、子宫下段切口愈合不良和溃疡、腹壁子宫内膜异位症、肠粘连、异位妊娠和盆腔静脉瘀血症等为主.结论:应严格掌握剖宫产指征,防止剖宫产后的妇科疾病.%Objective:To analyze gynecologic problems after cesarean section. Methods:The gynecologic problems of women after cesarean section, who worked in the same workplace, were investigated retrospectively in 20 years. Results:In 176 cases after cesarean section, 7 cases(3.98%) showed obstetric problems in short-term and 142 cases (80.68%) showed gynecologic problems. The key problems were menstrual change, abdominal pain and lumbago, urologic symptoms, the adhesion between uterus and abdominal wall, infection and ulceration of the uterus incision, endometriosis in abdominal wall, intestinal adhesion, ectopic pregnancy and pelvic congestion syndrome. Conclusion:The indication of cesarean section should be strictly monitored to avoid the gynecologic complications after cesarean section.

  13. Simultaneous cesarean delivery and craniotomy in a term pregnant patient with traumatic brain injury

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    Mohamed Mohamed Tawfik

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The management of pregnant patients with traumatic brain injury is challenging. A multidisciplinary team approach is mandatory, and management should be individualized according to the type and extent of injury, maternal status, gestational age, and fetal status. We report a 27-year-old term primigravida presenting after head injury with Glasgow coma scale score 11 and anisocoria. Depressed temporal bone fracture and acute epidural hematoma were diagnosed, necessitating an urgent neurosurgery. Her fetus was viable with no signs of distress and no detected placental abnormalities. Cesarean delivery was performed followed by craniotomy in the same setting under general anesthesia with good outcome of the patient and her baby.

  14. Primary cesarean delivery results in emergency hysterectomy due to placenta accreta: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphrey, Jaclyn

    2015-02-01

    Placenta accreta is a major cause of obstetric hemorrhage, a situation that remains the most significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is generally recognized that a previous cesarean delivery increases the risk of placenta accreta. However, the risk also increases with previous intrauterine procedures. In 2010, The Joint Commission released a sentinel event alert regarding the prevention of maternal death, which recommended the adoption of protocols to treat postpartum hemorrhage. This case study demonstrates the success of quickly initiating protocol interventions necessary to prevent disseminated intravascular coagulation and maternal mortality, while reviewing current literature on risk identification, management, and treatment of obstetric hemorrhage resulting from placenta accreta. PMID:25842631

  15. Midline versus transverse incision for cesarean delivery in low-income countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maaløe, Nanna; Aabakke, Anna J M; Secher, Niels J

    2014-01-01

    While transverse incision is the recommended entry technique for cesarean delivery in high-income countries, it is our experience that midline incision is still used routinely in many low-income settings. Accordingly, international guidelines lack uniformity on this matter. Although evidence...... is limited, the literature suggests important advantages of the transverse incision, with lower risk of long-term disabilities such as wound disruption and hernia. Also, potential extra time spent on this incision appears not to impact neonatal outcome. Therefore, we suggest that it is time for a change...... in guidelines for low-income settings in which resources are limited for treating complications that may be life threatening....

  16. Non closure of parietal peritoneum at cesarean section and adhesion formation

    OpenAIRE

    Anjali Choudhary; Neeta Bansal

    2013-01-01

    Background: Cesarean section is the most commonly performed surgery worldwide. Recent times have seen rising trends in c-section rates, for a variety of reasons. Although the basic procedure remains same, some new techniques have been adopted like not closing the visceral or the parietal peritoneum. A large number of studies on merits and demerits of these practices have been published, generating even larger debates. Objective of this effort is to evaluate studies on either side of the argum...

  17. Maternal and neonatal effects of nalbuphine given immediately before induction of general anesthesia for elective cesarean section

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    Sabry M Amin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although nalbuphine was studied extensively in labour analgesia and was proved to be acceptable analgesics during delivery, its use as premedication before induction of general anesthesia for cesarean section is not studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of nalbuphine given before induction of general anesthesia for cesarean section on quality of general anesthesia, maternal stress response, and neonatal outcome. Methods: Sixty full term pregnant women scheduled for elective cesarean section, randomly classified into two equal groups, group N received nalbuphine 0.2 mg/kg diluted in 10 ml of normal saline (n=30, and group C placebo (n=30 received 10 ml of normal saline 1 min before the induction of general anesthesia. Maternal heart rate and blood pressure were measured before, after induction, during surgery, and after recovery. Neonates were assisted by using APGAR0 scores, time to sustained respiration, and umbilical cord blood gas analysis. Result: Maternal heart rate showed significant increase in control group than nalbuphine group after intubation (88.2±4.47 versus 80.1±4.23, P<0.0001 and during surgery till delivery of baby (90.8±2.39 versus 82.6±2.60, P<0.0001 and no significant changes between both groups after delivery. MABP increased in control group than nalbuphine group after intubation (100.55±6.29 versus 88.75±6.09, P<0.0001 and during surgery till delivery of baby (98.50±2.01 versus 90.50±2.01, P<0.0001 and no significant changes between both groups after delivery. APGAR score was significantly low at one minute in nalbuphine group than control group (6.75±2.3, 8.5±0.74, respectively, P=0.0002 (27% of nalbuphine group APGAR score ranged between 4-6, while 7% in control group APGAR score ranged between 4-6 at one minute. All neonates at five minutes showed APGAR score ranged between 9-10. Time to sustained respiration was significantly longer in nalbuphine group than control group (81.8

  18. Elective cesarean delivery affects gut maturation and delays microbial colonization but does not increase necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siggers, R. H.; Thymann, Thomas; Jensen, Bent B.;

    2008-01-01

    Although preterm birth and formula feeding increase the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), the influences of cesarean section (CS) and vaginal delivery (VD) are unknown. Therefore, gut characteristics and NEC incidence and severity were evaluated in preterm pigs (92% gestation) delivered...... by CS or VD. An initial study showed that newborn CS pigs (n 6) had decreased gastric acid secretion, absorption of intact proteins, activity of brush-border enzymes and pancreatic hydrolases, plasma cortisol, rectal temperature, and changes in blood chemistry, indicating impaired respiratory function......, and increased brush-border enzyme activities (lactase, aminopeptidases) compared with VD pigs. In particular, VD-FORM pigs showed reduced mucosal proportions, reduced lactase and aminopeptidases, and increased proinflammatory cytokine IL-6 compared with CS-FORM (P 0.06). Despite the initial improvement...

  19. Comparison of Adnexal Mass in Women Undergoing Mass Excision During the Antepartum Period and Cesarean Section

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    Nafiseh Saghafi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The frequency of adnexal masses in pregnant women ranges from 0.1% to 4%. Selecting the right approach to manage the subsequent intervention remains one of the most controversial challenges among gynecologists. Our aim in this cross-sectional study was to clarify the clinical-pathological differences among the adnexal masses that are excised during either the antepartum period or cesarean section (CS. Methods: In this study, we assessed 11,000 pregnancy cases referred to the Qaem Hospital in the Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran, between 2010 and 2014. In total, 53 pregnant women with adnexal masses (other than non-gynecological mass and ectopic pregnancy were selected for further investigation. We divided patients into two groups (group A and group B. Patients of group A had a diagnosed tumor that was excised antepartum while patients in group B had a mass taken out during CS. We then assembled data based on maternal age, parity, gestational age, surgery type, delivery mode, size and location of the tumor, complications, presentations, histopathological diagnosis, and ultrasonography findings for further analysis. Results: The major proportion of masses (62.3% were excised during CS whereas the remainder (37.7% were removed antepartum. The mean size of the detected tumor for benign and malignant cases was 10.0 cm and 13.8 cm in group A, and 8.0 cm and 9.3 cm in group B, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference observed between patients in the two groups regarding the benign/malignant status of the mass (p = 0.008, its size (p = 0.019 and simplicity/complexity (p = 0.004. Conclusions: The rate of malignant tumors was considerably higher in women who had antepartum mass excision compared to those with mass resection during CS. Also, tumors were larger (and more complex in patients in group A compared to group B.

  20. Risk adjustment for inter-hospital comparison of primary cesarean section rates: need, validity and parsimony

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    Dallolio Laura

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cesarean section rates is often used as an indicator of quality of care in maternity hospitals. The assumption is that lower rates reflect in developed countries more appropriate clinical practice and general better performances. Hospitals are thus often ranked on the basis of caesarean section rates. The aim of this study is to assess whether the adjustment for clinical and sociodemographic variables of the mother and the fetus is necessary for inter-hospital comparisons of cesarean section (c-section rates and to assess whether a risk adjustment model based on a limited number of variables could be identified and used. Methods Discharge abstracts of labouring women without prior cesarean were linked with abstracts of newborns discharged from 29 hospitals of the Emilia-Romagna Region (Italy from 2003 to 2004. Adjusted ORs of cesarean by hospital were estimated by using two logistic regression models: 1 a full model including the potential confounders selected by a backward procedure; 2 a parsimonious model including only actual confounders identified by the "change-in-estimate" procedure. Hospital rankings, based on ORs were examined. Results 24 risk factors for c-section were included in the full model and 7 (marital status, maternal age, infant weight, fetopelvic disproportion, eclampsia or pre-eclampsia, placenta previa/abruptio placentae, malposition/malpresentation in the parsimonious model. Hospital ranking using the adjusted ORs from both models was different from that obtained using the crude ORs. The correlation between the rankings of the two models was 0.92. The crude ORs were smaller than ORs adjusted by both models, with the parsimonious ones producing more precise estimates. Conclusion Risk adjustment is necessary to compare hospital c-section rates, it shows differences in rankings and highlights inappropriateness of some hospitals. By adjusting for only actual confounders valid and more precise estimates

  1. Clinical analysis of the late postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section%剖宫产术后晚期产后出血临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐艳明

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨引起剖宫产术后晚期产后出血的临床原因。方法:对2003-2013年收治的剖宫产分娩后发生晚期产后出血16例产妇的记录资料进行回顾性分析。结果:本院剖宫产后晚期产后出血发生率0.12%。剖宫产术后晚期产后出血的主要原因是胎盘胎膜残留、子宫切口感染,与剖宫产术式及操作技巧、产妇的全身状况有关。结论:剖宫产术后晚期产后出血的治疗方式以清宫为主,对急性出血者可行血管介入治疗,不得已情况下才考虑行子宫切除术。%Objective:To investigate the cause of the postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the record datas of 16 cases of maternal postpartum hemorrhage uterine after delivery from 2003 to 2013.Results:The incidence of late postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section was 0.12% in our hospital.The main cause of late postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section is retained placenta,and uterine incision infection.It is associated with cesarean section and operating skills,and maternal body condition.Conclusion:The most treatment of late postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section was curettage.We can take interventional therapy to treat the acute hemorrhage.No case was considered a hysterectomy.

  2. Cesarean section distribution in midwifery institutions in Hunan Province in 2012%2012年湖南省助产机构剖宫产率分布情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小英; 吴颖岚; 王华

    2016-01-01

    Objective To analyze the distribution characteristics of cesarean section in midwifery institutions in 2012 (3 + 1) in Hunan province and provide some references for controlling cesarean section.Methods The distribution of cesarean delivery in 2012 (3 + 1) in Hunan province were retrospectively analyzed.Results The peaks of cesarean delivery rate in the midwifery institutions most appeared in the first quarter in 2012.That the county or township institutions hadn't properly control cesarean delivery played a key role in cesarean section rate staying at a high level.Conclusions Strengthening the control regulation and midwives training of county or township midwifery organizations will be the breakthrough for controlling cesarean delivery rate in our province.%目的 分析湖南省2012年度(3+1)模式各级助产机构剖宫产率分布情况,为探讨控制剖宫产率的有效途径提供科学依据.方法 对湖南省2012年(3+1)模式各市州剖宫产率分布情况进行回顾性分析.结果 2012年度各市州助产机构剖宫产率峰值大部分出现在一季度;剖宫产率居高不下的关键在于县级、乡级助产机构剖宫产率的控制不当.结论 加强对县级、乡级助产机构剖宫产率控制的监管及助产人员培训,将是我省控制剖宫产率的突破口.

  3. Effects of acupressure on progress of labor and cesarean section rate: randomized clinical trial

    OpenAIRE

    Reginaldo Roque Mafetoni; Antonieta Keiko Kakuda Shimo

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze the effects of acupressure at the SP6 point on labor duration and cesarean section rates in parturients served in a public maternity hospital. METHODS This controlled, randomized, double-blind, pragmatic clinical trial involved 156 participants with gestational age ≥ 37 weeks, cervical dilation ≥ 4 cm, and ≥ 2 contractions in 10 min. The women were randomly divided into an acupressure, placebo, or control group at a university hospital in an inland city in the state of Sa...

  4. The Effect of Acupressure on Nausea and Vomiting after Cesarean Section Under Spinal Anesthesia

    OpenAIRE

    Heydar Noroozinia; Alireza Mahoori; Ebrahim Hasani; Mohsen Gerami-Fahim; Nariman Sepehrvand

    2013-01-01

    Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the most common postoperative complications. Aside from pharmacological interventions, other complementary healing modalities have been introduced to assist patients in decreasing PONV and improving postoperative outcomes. This study examined acupressure as a safe complement to the more traditional approach of using drugs to prevent and/or relieve nausea and vomiting in the Cesarean section (C/S) under spinal anesthesia. In a prospective rand...

  5. PREDICTORS OF ATTITUDE OF PARTURIENTS SELECTED FOR CESAREAN SECTION TOWARD SPINAL ANESTHESIA

    OpenAIRE

    M.R. Afhami; P. Hassanzadeh Salmasi J. Rahimi Panahea

    2004-01-01

    There are many factors contributing to success of regional anesthesia. Patients’ attitude toward spinal anesthesia is one of the most important of these factors. This is a descriptive study performed on 100 healthy parturient selected for elective cesarean section in Alzahra Obstetric Hospital,Tabriz, Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate patients’ attitude and their knowledge about spinal anesthesia. Patients were selected randomly. Data collection was performed using a questionnaire. ...

  6. Evaluation of the Adequacy of General Anesthesia in Cesarean Section by Bispectral Index

    OpenAIRE

    Sayed Mohammad Reza Hadavi; Elaheh Allahyary; Saman Asadi

    2013-01-01

    Background: Awareness and recall, though not common, are the major hazards of general anesthesia, especially in Cesarean section (C/S) because of the absence of benzodiazepine and opioids for a significant time during anesthesia. In this study, the Bispectral Index (BIS), end-tidal isoflurane, and hemodynamic parameters were examined to evaluate the depth of the routine general anesthetic technique in C/S. Methods: This study was carried out on 60 parturient patients undergoing elective C/...

  7. The application of uterine artery chemoembolization in treating cesarean section scar pregnancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To discuss the feasibility and safety of uterine artery chemoembolization in treating cesarean section scar pregnancy. Methods: During the period of Jun. 2005-Jun. 2010, uterine artery chemoembolization was performed in 130 patients with cesarean section scar pregnancy in authors' hospital. Via bilateral uterine arteries 100-150 mg MTX and 80 000 u Gentamycin were infused separately, which was followed by the embolization of bilateral uterine arteries with Gelfoam. Of the total 130 patients,coexisted leiomyoma was found in 23 and embolization therapy with PVA microspheres was employed. Curettage of uterus was carried out within 24-72 hours after the procedure. Results: The success rate of bilateral uterine artery chemoembolization was 100%. The blood loss during curettage procedure was 12-110 ml (mean 28.5 ml). No serious complications occurred. Conclusion: The uterine artery chemoembolization is an effective and safe treatment for cesarean section scar pregnancy. This technique can greatly avoid unnecessary uterectomy and, thus, preserve the fertility of the female patients. (authors)

  8. Comparative Study of Intrathecal Dexamethasone with Epinephrine as Adjuvants to Lidocaine in Cesarean Section

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fereshteh Naziri

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Different additives have been used with local anesthetics to provide prolonged duration of sensory block in spinal anesthesia. The aim of present study was to evaluate the onset and duration of sensory block of intrathecal dexamethasone and epinephrine as adjuvants to lidocaine in patients who were candidate for cesarean section. Materials and Methods: This double-blind clinical trial research was conducted on 90 pregnant women candidate for cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. Patients were randomly allocated to receive intrathecally either 75 mg hyperbaric lidocaine plus 100 μg epinephrine or 75 mg hyperbaric lidocaine plus 4 mg dexamethasone or 75 mg hyperbaric lidocaine. The onset and duration of sensory block as well as postoperative analgesia were assessed. Results: The time to reach the peak sensory block in lidocaine group was shorter than that of other two groups (p<0.001. Duration of sensory block in the control group, dexamethasone group, and epinephrine group were 64.16±7.99 min, 74.79±12.78 min, and 99.30±10.93 min, respectively (p<0.001. Conclusion: The present research shows that intrathecal dexamethasone and intrathecal epinephrine as adjuvant to lidocaine increases sensory block duration in the women candidate for cesarean section.

  9. Comparison of Intrathecal Dexmedetomidine with Morphine as Adjuvants in Cesarean Sections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Xiaofei; Chen, Daili; Li, Gehui; Huang, Xiaolei; Li, Yuantao; Wang, Xiaoguang; Li, Yong

    2016-09-01

    To compare the effects of intrathecal dexmedetomidine and intrathecal morphine as supplements to bupivacaine in cesarean sections under spinal anesthesia. Full-term parturients (n=120) undergoing elective cesarean sections under spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated into three groups: Group B received 10 mg bupivacaine, Group BD received 10 mg bupivacaine plus 5 µg dexmedetomidine, and Group BM received 10 mg bupivacaine plus 100 µg morphine. The onset and regression time of sensory and motor blockade, postoperative analgesia, and side effects were recorded. Group BD showed quicker onset time and a longer sensory and motor blockade than other groups (BD vs. B and BD vs. BM, pshivering was observed in group BD than in groups BM and B (p=0.009). So intrathecal dexmedetomidine (5 µg) prolonged the motor and sensory blockade, provided a similar analgesic effect and reduced pruritus and shivering compared with morphine (100 µg) in cesarean sections. PMID:27349272

  10. Evaluation of risk factor and complication of umbilical cord prolapsed in cesarean section

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    Zahra Rezaee

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Considering the rarity of umbilical cord prolapse (UCP and lack of accurate data about the risk factors and health outcomes, we aimed to evaluate cases of cesarean section (CS due to UCP in order to reduce treatment costs and provide information about the mortality and morbidity associated with this condition. Patients & Methods: Of 35,259 cases of CS performed in four hospitals during 2004-2012, 103 cases of UCP were selected as the case group; on the other hand, 318 cases without UCP were classified as the control group. Information was extracted from patients' records and analyzed by SPSS version 18. Results: Prevalence of UCP was estimated at 0.2%. In the case group, the active phase of labor was reported 1.4 times (81% vs 57%-P<0.00, engagement 8 times (14% vs 2% -P<0.001, transverse presentation 8 times (6% vs 2%-P<0.002, grand multiparity 3.9 times (4% vs 0-P<0.001, oligohydramnios 4.7 times (5% vs. 0-P<0.0001, and polyhydramnios 5.9 times (6% vs 0 - P<0.001. UCP was more prevalent in post-term deliveries (P<0.043. One-minute Apgar score < 7 was 3 times more prevalent in neonates of the case group (P<0.00. Prepartum vaginal bleeding was 4 times more common in the case group, compared to the control group; also, decreased fetal movement and heart rate drop were more prevalent in the case group. Mortality rate was 5.2% in the case group and 1.7% in the control group. Overall, the control group had a better general health at discharge, compared to the case group. Conclusion: A statistically significant correlation was detected between UCP and gestational age, active phase of labor, fetal presentation, engagement, parity, and amniotic fluid volume.

  11. Changes in the cesarean section rate in Korea (1982-2012) and a review of the associated factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Sung-Hoon; Seol, Hyun-Joo; Choi, Yong-Sung; Oh, Soo-Young; Kim, Ahm; Bae, Chong-Woo

    2014-10-01

    Although Cesarean section (CS) itself has contributed to the reduction in maternal and perinatal mortality, an undue rise in the CS rate (CSR) has been issued in Korea as well as globally. The CSR in Korea increased over the past two decades, but has remained at approximately 36% since 2006. Contributing factors associated with the CSR in Korea were an improvement in socio-economic status, a higher maternal age, a rise in multiple pregnancies, and maternal obesity. We found that countries with a no-fault compensation system maintained a lower CSR compared to that in countries with civil action, indicating the close relationship between the CSR and the medico-legal system within a country. The Korean government has implemented strategies including an incentive system relating to the CSR or encouraging vaginal birth after Cesarean to decrease CSR, but such strategies have proved ineffective. To optimize the CSR in Korea, efforts on lowering the maternal childbearing age or reducing maternal obesity are needed at individual level. And from a national view point, reforming health care system, which could encourage the experienced obstetricians to be trained properly and be relieved from legal pressure with deliveries is necessary. PMID:25368486

  12. The safe motherhood referral system to reduce cesarean sections and perinatal mortality - a cross-sectional study [1995-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudge Marilza VC

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2000, the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs set targets for reducing child mortality and improving maternal health by 2015. Objective To evaluate the results of a new education and referral system for antenatal/intrapartum care as a strategy to reduce the rates of Cesarean sections (C-sections and maternal/perinatal mortality. Methods Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Botucatu Medical School, Sao Paulo State University/UNESP, Brazil. Population: 27,387 delivering women and 27,827 offspring. Data collection: maternal and perinatal data between 1995 and 2006 at the major level III and level II hospitals in Botucatu, Brazil following initiation of a safe motherhood education and referral system. Main outcome measures: Yearly rates of C-sections, maternal (/100,000 LB and perinatal (/1000 births mortality rates at both hospitals. Data analysis: Simple linear regression models were adjusted to estimate the referral system's annual effects on the total number of deliveries, C-section and perinatal mortality ratios in the two hospitals. The linear regression were assessed by residual analysis (Shapiro-Wilk test and the influence of possible conflicting observations was evaluated by a diagnostic test (Leverage, with p Results Over the time period evaluated, the overall C-section rate was 37.3%, there were 30 maternal deaths (maternal mortality ratio = 109.5/100,000 LB and 660 perinatal deaths (perinatal mortality rate = 23.7/1000 births. The C-section rate decreased from 46.5% to 23.4% at the level II hospital while remaining unchanged at the level III hospital. The perinatal mortality rate decreased from 9.71 to 1.66/1000 births and from 60.8 to 39.6/1000 births at the level II and level III hospital, respectively. Maternal mortality ratios were 16.3/100,000 LB and 185.1/100,000 LB at the level II and level III hospitals. There was a shift from direct to indirect causes of

  13. The effects of indomethacin, diclofenac, and acetaminophen suppository on pain and opioids consumption after cesarean section

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    Godrat Akhavanakbari

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cesarean section is one of the common surgeries of women. Acute post-operative pain is one of the recognized post-operative complications. Aims: This study was planned to compare the effects of suppositories, indomethacin, diclofenac and acetaminophen, on post-operative pain and opioid usage after cesarean section. Materials and Methods: In this double-blind clinical trial study, 120 candidates of cesarean with spinal anesthesia and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA I-II were randomly divided into four groups. Acetaminophen, indomethacin, diclofenac, and placebo suppositories were used in groups, respectively, after operation and the dosage was repeated every 6 h and pain score and opioid usage were compared 24 h after the surgery. The severity of pain was recorded on the basis of Visual Analog Scale (VAS and if severe pain (VAS > 5 was observed, 0.5 mg/kg intramuscular pethidine had been used. Statistical Analysis Used: The data were analyzed in SPSS software version 15 and analytical statistics such as ANOVA, Chi-square, and Tukey′s honestly significant difference (HSD post-hoc. Results : Pain score was significantly higher in control group than other groups, and also pain score in acetaminophen group was higher than indomethacin and diclofenac. The three intervention groups received the first dose of pethidine far more than control group and the distance for diclofenac and indomethacin were significantly longer (P < 0.001. The use of indomethacin, diclofenac, and acetaminophen significantly reduces the amount of pethidine usage in 24 h after the surgery relation to control group. Conclusions : Considering the significant decreasing pain score and opioid usage especially in indomethacin and diclofenac groups rather than control group, it is suggested using of indomethacin and diclofenac suppositories for post-cesarean section analgesia.

  14. A retrospective study of the outcome of cesarean section for women with severe pre-eclampsia in a third world setting

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    Obinna V Ajuzieogu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To compare the outcome of subarachnoid block (spinal anesthesia and general anesthesia in Cesarean delivery for women with severe pre-eclampsia. Methods: A retrospective study of women with severe pre-eclampsia requiring Cesarean section from January 2005 to June 2009 was carried out. Maternal age, parity, gestational age at delivery, booking status, Apgar scores, maternal and perinatal mortality of the sub-arachnoid block group were compared with those of general anesthesia group using c2 , Student t-test and Fischer exact test. Results: There were no significant difference between the two groups in overall maternal mortality (5.4% vs. 11.9%, P=0.5 and perinatal mortality (2.7% vs. 11.9%, P=0.15. The general anesthesia group had significantly more birth asphyxia than the spinal group (55.9% vs. 27.0%, P=0.0006. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the maternal and perinatal mortality outcome of cesarean delivery between women with severe pre-eclampsia who had regional anesthesia and those that had general anesthesia. There was significantly higher proportion of birth asphyxia in babies of women who received general anesthesia.

  15. Study on the Indications for and Factors Related to Cesarean Section at Three District Hospitals in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong LIANG; Li-feng ZHOU; Bing-shun WANG; Ye ZHONG

    2006-01-01

    Objective To understand the indications for and factors related to cesarean section(CS).Methods Pregnant women who attended health examination at three selected district hospitals were investigated from May 2001 to February 2003.Results Among 933 puerperas, the CS rate was 37. 62%. The top four indications for CS were fetal distress (36.5%), social factors (35.9%), relative cephalopelvic disproportion (18.5%) and pregnancy complications (6.3%) respectively. The result of regression analysis showed that puerperas who were overweight before pregnancy,had no confidence in vaginal delivery and had macrosomia were more likely to have CS.Conclusion At present, the CS rate in Shanghai was rather high. The main indications for CS were fetal distress and social factors. The high CS rate was associated with the psychological factor and some demographic factors such as birth weight and puerperas' weight before pregnancy.

  16. Neonatal viability evaluation by Apgar score in puppies delivered by cesarean section in two brachycephalic breeds (English and French bulldog).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batista, M; Moreno, C; Vilar, J; Golding, M; Brito, C; Santana, M; Alamo, D

    2014-05-01

    This study tried to define neonatal viability after cesarean section in brachycephalic breeds and the efficacy of an adapted Apgar test to assess newborn survival. Data from 44 cesarean sections and 302 puppies were included. Before surgery (59-61 days after ovulation), an ultrasound evaluation defined the fetal biparietal diameter (BPD). Immediately after the uterine delivery, the pups were evaluated to detect birth defects and then, a modified Apgar score (range: 0-10) was used to define neonatal health at 5min (Apgar 1) and 60min (Apgar 2) after neonatal delivery; puppies were classified into three categories: critical neonates (score: 0-3), moderate viability neonates (score: 4-6) and normal viability neonates (score: 7-10). Mean (±SEM) value of BPD was 30.8±0.1mm and 28.9±0.1mm in English and French Bull-Dog fetus, respectively. The incidence of spontaneous neonatal mortality (4.98%, 14/281) and birth defects (6.95%) were not influenced by the sex; however, congenital anomalies and neonatal mortality were higher (pApgar 1, the percentage of critical neonates, moderate viability neonates and normal viability neonates were 20.5%, 46.3% and 33.1% respectively; sixty minutes after birth, the critical neonates only represented 10.3% of the total puppies. Almost all neonates (238/239) showing moderate or normal viability at Apgar 1, survived for the first 24h after birth. The results of the study showed a direct relationship (pApgar score and neonatal viability. Therefore, the routine performance of the Apgar score would appear to be essential in the assessment of the status of brachycephalic breed puppies.

  17. Safe prevention of the primary cesarean delivery%安全避免首次剖宫产

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚琳; 刘兴会; 张力

    2016-01-01

    In 201 1,33% women who gave birth in the United States did so by cesarean delivery.Although cesarean delivery can be lifesaving for both mother and fetus under specific circumstances,the rapid increase in the rate of cesarean delivery without concomitant decreases in maternal or neonatal morbidity or mortality.Those data prompt a significant concern that cesarean delivery is overused.This paper reviews the first obstetric care consensus released jointly by American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG ) and Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM).%2011年,美国剖宫产率达到33%,虽然剖宫产在特定情况下可以挽救母儿生命,但剖宫产率的快速增加并没有相应地降低围生期母儿发病率及病死率,这使过度应用剖宫产的医疗问题备受关注。笔者拟对美国妇产科联盟(ACOG)与母胎医学会(SMFM)联合发布的首个产科医疗共识进行综述。

  18. [Parietal-scar endometriosis after cesarean section: a rare entity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Fahssi, Mohammed; Lomdo, Massama; Bounaim, Ahmed; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; Sair, Khalid

    2016-01-01

    Wall endometriosis is a rare clinical entity whose pathophysiology remains unclear. It occurs most frequently after gynecologic or obstetric surgery. We report the case of a patient with cyclic pain at the caesarean section scar. Clinical examination showed a 5 cm mass in the right iliac fossa. Tomodensitometry revealed a tissue density mass (45mm on the major axis). Hence, the decision to perform a wide excision of the lesion. Anatomo-pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of parietal endometriosis. Postoperative sequelae were simple with a follow-up period of 20 months with no recurrence of the mass or of the pain. Our study highlights the characteristics of this disease to allow the health practitioner to understand the importance of diagnosis, of early treatment of this disease as well as of the possibility to prevent it during each gynecologic or obstetric surgery. PMID:27642418

  19. Ogilvie′s syndrome following cesarean delivery: The Dubai′s case

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    Strahil Kotsev

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of acute colonic pseudo obstruction (Ogilvie′s Syndrome post Cesarean Section in a 35 years old Arabic patient with co-existing systemic lupus erythematosus. Due to developed complications-perforations of the colon and peritonitis, the patient required laparotomy and right hemicolectomy. To our knowledge, this is the first case of Ogilvie′s syndrome, reported from the Middle East. The possible etiologic factors, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic work up and treatment are discussed. The need for awareness about the syndrome and early diagnosis is emphasized.

  20. Comparative analysis of fecal microflora of healthy full-term Indian infants born with different methods of delivery (vaginal vs cesarean): Acinetobacter sp. prevalence in vaginally born infants

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Prashant Kumar Pandey; Pankaj Verma; Himanshu Kumar; Ashish Bavdekar; Milind S Patole; Yogesh S Shouche

    2012-12-01

    In this study fecal microflora of human infants born through vaginal delivery (VB) and through cesarean section (CB) were investigated using culture-independent 16S rDNA cloning and sequencing approach. The results obtained clearly revealed that fecal microbiota of VB infants distinctly differ from those in their counterpart CB infants. The intestinal microbiota of infants delivered by cesarean section appears to be more diverse, in terms of bacteria species, than the microbiota of vaginally delivered infants. The most abundant bacterial species present in VB infants were Acinetobacter sp., Bifidobacterium sp. and Staphylococcus sp. However, CB infant’s fecal microbiota was dominated with Citrobacter sp., Escherichia coli and Clostridium difficile. The intestinal microbiota of cesarean section delivered infants in this study was also characterized by an absence of Bifidobacteria species. An interesting finding of our study was recovery of large number of Acinetobacter sp. consisting of Acinetobacter pittii (former Acinetobacter genomic species 3), Acinetobacter junii and Acinetobacter baumannii in the VB infants clone library. Among these, Acinetobacter baumannii is a known nosocomial pathogen and Acinetobacter pittii (genomic species 3) is recently recognized as clinically important taxa within the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus–Acinetobacter baumannii (ACB) complex. Although none of the infants had shown any sign of clinical symptoms of disease, this observation warrants a closer look.

  1. Cesarean Section Is Associated with Increased Peripheral and Central Adiposity in Young Adulthood: Cohort Study.

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    Denise N Mesquita

    Full Text Available Cesarean section (CS has been associated with obesity, measured by body mass index (BMI, in some studies. It has been hypothesized that this association, if causal, might be explained by changes in gut microbiota. However, little is known about whether CS is also associated with increased adiposity as measured by indicators other than BMI.To assess the association between CS and indicators of peripheral and central adiposity in young adults.The study was conducted on 2,063 young adults aged 23 to 25 years from the 1978/79Ribeirão Preto birth cohort, São Paulo, Brazil. CS was the independent variable. The anthropometric indicators of adiposity were: waist circumference (WC, waist-height ratio (WHtR, waist-hip ratio (WHR, tricipital skinfold (TSF, and subscapular skinfold (SSF. The association between CS and indicators of adiposity was investigated using a Poisson model, with robust adjustment of variance and calculation of incidence rate ratio (IRR with 95% confidence interval (95%CI, and adjustment for birth variables.Follow-up rate was 31.8%. The CS rate was 32%. Prevalences of increased WC, WHtR, WHR were 32.1%, 33.0% and 15.2%, respectively. After adjustment for birth variables, CS was associated with increased risk of adiposity when compared to vaginal delivery: 1.22 (95%CI 1.07; 1.39 for WC, 1.25 (95%CI 1.10;1.42 for WHtR, 1.45 (95%CI 1.18;1.79 for WHR, 1.36 (95%CI 1.04;1.78 for TSF, and 1.43 (95%CI 1.08;1.91 for SSF.Subjects born by CS had a higher risk for increased peripheral and central adiposity during young adult age compared to those born by vaginal delivery. The association of CS with adiposity was consistently observed for all indicators and was robust after adjustment for a variety of early life confounders.

  2. Evaluation of the analgesic effect of subcutaneous methadone after cesarean section

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    Mitra Jabalameli

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Inadequate pain control has a significant role in maternal and neonatal health in early post-partum period which interferes with breastfeeding and has a negative influence on child normal growth. The aim of this study is evaluation of subcutaneous methadone effectiveness on post-operative pain control. Materials and Methods: Double blind randomized prospective clinical trial involving 60 term pregnancy patients through 2008 to 2009 Undergo cesarean. Inclusion criteria: Prime gravid candidate of elective cesarean and spinal anesthesia class 1 or 2. Known case of drug allergy and methadone interaction, addiction, uncontrolled medical disease excluded. Case group injected 10 mg of subcutaneous methadone in the site of incision before final suture. Morphine was a pain reliever in follow up examination. Data include mean of pain, nausea and vomiting, MAP, etc., collected and analyzed by independent-T test and Man Whitney test. Results: Although mean usage of morphine between groups was not significant statistically but the mean pain severity (P value < 0.05 and mean satisfactory (P value = 0.02 was statistically significant between groups. Other parameters were not statistically significant. Conclusion: We suggest subcutaneous methadone as a safe pain reliever in post cesarean section patients.

  3. The 2015 Gerard W. Ostheimer Lecture: What's New in Labor Analgesia and Cesarean Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arendt, Katherine W

    2016-05-01

    Every year the Board of Directors of the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology selects an individual to review the literature pertinent to obstetric anesthesiology published the previous calendar year. This individual selects the most notable contributions, creates a syllabus of the articles, and then presents his/her overview in an annual lecture named in honor of the late Gerard W. Ostheimer, a pioneering obstetric anesthesiologist from the Brigham and Women's Hospital. This article reviews the literature published in 2014 focusing on the themes of labor analgesia and cesarean delivery. Its contents were presented as the Gerard W. Ostheimer Lecture at the 47th Annual Meeting of the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology, May 16, 2015, in Colorado Springs, Colorado. The syllabus is available as Supplemental Digital Content (http://links.lww.com/AA/B397).

  4. Ruptured Noncommunicating Rudimentary Horn Pregnancy at 19 Weeks with Previous Cesarean Delivery: A Case Report

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    Sita Thakur

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Unicornuate uterus with noncommunicating rudimentary horn occurs due to incomplete fusion of mullerian ducts. Pregnancy in this horn is a rare phenomenon usually resulting in rupture during second trimester of pregnancy. Prerupture diagnosis of pregnancy in rudimentary horn with ultrasonography is technically difficult, with sensitivity of 30%. We report a case of ruptured non-communicating rudimentary horn at 19 weeks in a woman with previous Cesarean delivery. She had a routine malformation scan in which diagnosis was missed. Later she presented to emergency in shock, with massive hemoperitoneum and ruptured horn. So a high index of suspicion is required to save this catastrophic event and associated maternal morbidity and mortality. In our opinion, routine excision of rudimentary horn should be undertaken during nonpregnant state laparoscopically. However, those women who refuse should be adequately counseled regarding potential complications and if pregnancy occurs in rudimentary horn, first trimester laparoscopic excision should be done.

  5. Obesity and gestational weight gain: cesarean delivery and labor complications Obesidade e ganho de peso gestacional: cesariana e complicações de parto

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    Luiz Carlos Seligman

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between pre-gestational obesity and weight gain with cesarean delivery and labor complications. METHODS: A total of 4,486 women 20-28 weeks pregnant attending general prenatal care clinics of the national health system in Brazil from 1991 to 1995 were enrolled and followed up through birth. Body mass index categories based on prepregnancy weight and total weight gain were calculated. Associations between body mass index categories and labor complications were adjusted through logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Obesity was present in 308 (6.9% patients. Cesarean delivery was performed in 164 (53.2% obese, 407 (43.1% pre-obese, 1,045 (35.1% normal weight and 64 (24.5% underweight women. The relative risk for cesarean delivery in obese women was 1.8 (95% CI: 1.5-2.0 compared to normal weight women. Greater weight gain was particularly associated with cesarean among the obese (RR 4th vs 2nd weight gain quartile 2.2; 95% CI: 1.4-3.2. Increased weight at the beginning of pregnancy was associated with a significantly higher adjusted risk of meconium with vaginal delivery and perinatal death and infection in women submitted to cesarean section. Similarly, greater weight gain during pregnancy increased the risk for meconium and hemorrhage in women submitted to vaginal delivery and for prematurity with cesarean. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-gestational obesity and greater weight gain independently increase the risk of cesarean delivery, as well as of several adverse outcomes with vaginal delivery. These findings provide further evidence of the negative effects of prepregnancy obesity and greater gestational weight gain on pregnancy outcomes.OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação de obesidade pré-gestacional e ganho de peso excessivo com cesariana e outras complicações do parto. MÉTODOS: Um total de 4.486 mulheres com 20-28 semanas de gravidez do pré-natal geral do Sistema Único de Saúde de seis capitais brasileiras foram

  6. Colloid cohydration and variable rate phenylephrine infusion effectively prevents postspinal hypotension in elective Cesarean deliveries

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    Indu Sen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Prevention of post-spinal hypotension in obstetric patients can be accomplished using intravenous fluid expansion and prophylactic use of sympathomimetic drugs. The affect of combination of colloids and phenylephrine infusion on maternal hemodynamics has not been widely studied and there is no consensus about the dosage required and time of starting its administration. Materials and Methods: This prospective, randomized, double-blind study enrolled 90 healthy term parturients undergoing elective Cesarean delivery under lumbar subarachnoid block (0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine 10 mg with fentanyl 25 μg. Patients in Group A received prophylactic intravenous phenylephrine infusion (60 μg/minute along with hydroxyl-ethyl-starch cohydration (6% HES 130/0.42;15 ml/kg immediately after subarachnoid block. In Group B, patients received 6% HES cohydration and intermittent intravenous 50 μg boluses of phenylephrine. The efficacy of these in maintaining maternal SBP at 90-110% of baseline and neonatal well-being was evaluated. Results: In Group B, 75.5% of patients required rescue phenylephrine boluses to maintain SBP while maternal hemodynamics were well maintained in Group A and rescue drug was not needed. Reactive hypertension occurred in one patient (2.2% and bradycardia in two patients (4.4% in Group A. Six patients complained of nausea in Group B (13.3% compared to one in Group A. All the newborns had normal Apgar scores and Umbilical arterial pH > 7.2. Conclusion: A combination of colloid cohydration and prophylactic phenylephrine infusion initiated at 60 μg/minute maintained maternal hemodynamics and neonatal well-being during Cesarean deliveries requiring minimum interventions by the anesthesiologist.

  7. Research article Role of uterine compression suture techniques as an alternative to obstetric hysterectomy for severe post partum haemorrhage during cesarean section

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    Sapana Shah

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To assess the efficacy of a transmural uterine compression suturing technique in reducing primary postpartum haemorrhage(PPPH due to severe uterine atony, which does not respond to manual compression, ecbolics or bilateral uterine artery ligation. This study evaluated the effectiveness of CHO (multiple square suturing technique for uterine compression in patients with PPPH after cesarean section to conserve uterus. Design: Prospective study. Methods: Between January 2008 and December 2012, 9748 women underwent cesarean section. Out of them 65 cases had PPPH, of which fifteen patients underwent uterine compression with CHO sutures after PPPH. The medical records of patients with PPPH after cesarean section who had undergone this treatment, and results of follow-up and our experience with this method were analyzed. Results: Uterine compression suturing was sufficient to stop the bleeding in all women. The technique was simple to perform in an emergency situation. One of the women developed uterine synechie. Normal menstruation patterns returned in all the women except one. One patient lost for follow up. Since uterine compression suturing, six women tried to conceive and four (66.7% have had a term delivery. Conclusion: Uterine compression with CHO sutures is a simple conservative procedure to control post partum haemorrhage in case of failure of the usual management. It is highly effective and straightforward emergency procedure which conserves the uterus in these patients and can be performed by each and every gynecologist.

  8. Hematoma and abscess formation caused by Mycoplasma hominis following cesarean section

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    Hisato Koshiba, Akemi Koshiba

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Hisato Koshiba1,2, Akemi Koshiba1,2, Yasushi Daimon3, Toshifumi Noguchi1,2, Kazuhiro Iwasaku2, Jo Kitawaki21Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyoto Prefectural Yosanoumi Hospital, Kyoto, Japan; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto, Japan; 3Department of Clinical Laboratory, Kyoto Prefectural Yosanoumi Hospital, Kyoto, JapanAbstract: Mycoplasma species cannot be identified by routine bacteriological culture methods and are resistant to common antimicrobial agents. Mycoplasma hominis usually colonizes the lower urogenital tract and causes pyelonephritis, pelvic inflammatory disease, chorioamnionitis, rupture of fetal membranes, preterm labor, postpartum fever, postabortal fever, and neonatal infection. This organism is highly prevalent in cervicovaginal cultures of sexually active women. M. hominis, M. genitalis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, and U. parvum may invade and infect placental and fetal tissues, leading to adverse pregnancy outcomes. M. hominis occasionally causes nongenitourinary infection of the blood, wounds, central nervous system, joints, or respiratory tract. We present a case of a 27-year-old woman who developed abdominal wound hematoma and abscess after cesarean section. The wound was drained, but her high fever persisted, in spite of antibiotic treatment using flomoxef sodium and imipenem•cilastatin sodium. Because the exudate exhibited M. hominis growth in an anaerobic environment, we administered the quinolone ciprofloxacin. This therapy resolved her fever, and her white blood cell count and C-reactive protein level diminished to the normal ranges. To our knowledge, there are four published articles regarding the isolation of M. hominis from postcesarean incisions. Based on the current study and the literature, infection by this pathogen may cause hematoma formation with or without abscess after cesarean section or in immunosuppressed

  9. Delivery by Cesarean Section and risk of childhood cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Momen, Natalie; Olsen, Jørn; Gissler, Mika;

    development; these mechanisms are expected to act differently in elective and emergent CSs. Methods Danish, Swedish and Finnish national registers were used to carry out a population-based follow-up study. Data were linked to form a cohort of children born in Denmark (1968-2007), Sweden (1973......-2006) and a randomly selected sample of 90% of children born in Finland (1987-2007) (N=7,029,843). Children were followed-up from birth, until the first of the following: date of cancer diagnosis, death, emigration, end of 15th year or end of follow-up. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to obtain hazard...... ratios. Results In the cohort, 12.6% of children (882,907) children were delivered by CS. Around one third of the CS were elective, one third were emergent, and one third did not have sufficient information to make the separation. There were 11,181 children who received a cancer diagnosis. A CS...

  10. 降低剖宫产策略%The strategies for reducing cesarean section rate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈卓; 马润玫

    2012-01-01

    剖宫产的正确使用应该基于全民对母亲安全和改善卫生保健的主动性上,中国剖宫产率(cesarean section rate,CSR)的下降需要依托公众/医务人员和管理人员的教育、卫生行政部门的政策倾斜以及政府的资金和医疗保险支持等,以建设一个科学的产科管理和干预体系.

  11. The Effect of Subcutaneous Ketamine Infiltration on Postoperative Pain in Elective Cesarean Section under Spinal Anesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Manouchehrian

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Appropriate analgesia after cesarean section helps women feel more comfortable and increase the mobility of the mother's and also their ability to take better care of their newborns. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of subcutaneous infiltration of ketamine on postoperative pain reduction and hemodynamic status of patients after elective cesarean section. Materials & Methods: This study was designed as a double blinded prospective, randomized clinical trial and 60 cases of women undergoing elective cesarean section under spinal anes-thesia were randomly assigned into two groups. For 30 cases in the ketamine group, infiltra-tion of subcutaneous ketamine 0.5 mg / kg was administered after closure of surgical inci-sion. 30 patients in the placebo group received subcutaneous infiltration of saline. During the patient's recovery time and after transferring to the ward, the VAS of pain and vital signs were continuously assessed. if VAS ? 3, 100 mg diclofenac suppository was administered and if there were no response, 30 mg intravenous pethidine was also administered. Prescribed number of suppositories and pethidine dosage were compared. The complications, such as hallucination, nystagmus, nausea, vomiting and drowsiness in patients were also recorded and compared. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS16 software and ?2 and t-test. P< 0.05 was considered statistically significant in all of the cases. Results: In the course of systolic blood pressure, heart rate and arterial blood oxygen satura-tion during the first 24 hours, no significant differences were mentioned between the two groups. At the time of arrival to the recovery room and 30 minutes later, the mean VAS was not significantly different in the groups. However, the mean VAS at 1, 2 , 4 , 6 , 8 and 12 hours after surgery were significantly lower in the ketamine group (0.61±059 than in the sa-line group (3.37±096 (P<0.001. The mean

  12. Increased cesarean section rate in Central Saudi Arabia: a change in practice or different maternal characteristics

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Kadri HM; Al-Anazi SA; Tamim HM

    2015-01-01

    Hanan M Al-Kadri,1 Sultana A Al-Anazi,1 Hani M Tamim21Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, 2College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaBackground: Cesarean section (CS) rate has shown creepy increase. We aimed in this work to identify factors contributing to increasing rate of CS in central Saudi Arabia.Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City. T...

  13. 剖宫产子宫切除术相关情况分析%The Analysis of Cesarean Hysterectomy during Caesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李湛

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the related factors of cesarean hysterectomy during caesarean section. Methods From January 2003 to December 2012,a total of 14 601 women had delivery at department of obstetrical and gynecology in Bei-jing Chaoyang Hospital,among whom 7 178 momen received cesarean section,13 cases received cesarean hysterectomy during cesarean section,the general information,postpartum blood lossing,postoperative complications,and prognosis of mother and infant were analyzed retrospectively. Results Among 7 178 momen who received cesarean section during past 10 years,there were totally 13 cases who received cesarean hysterectomy,the incidence was 0. 18% ,10 cases received total hysterectomy,3 cases received subtotal hysterectomy. The indications of operation include placental factor(9 cases),hemorrhage and dissemi-nated intravascular coagulation(3 cases),and uterine atony(1 case). The postpartum hemorrhage was 600 to 12 600 ml(av-erage 3 800 ml). The postpartum hemorrhage,post - operative hospitalization duration,the proportion of cases with postopera-tive complications,and the proportion of cases who were transferred to ICU after operation of cases whose quantity of blood lossing≤1 500 ml when making the hysterectomy decision were significantly less than those of cases whose quantity of blood lossing >1 500 ml when making the hysterectomy decision(P 1500 ml 者产后出血量、术后住院日减少,术后并发症发生率及转 ICU 比例降低(P <0.05)。2例产妇分别于孕20周及孕24周因瘢痕子宫胎盘因素大量出血急诊行剖宫产术终止妊娠,其余11例进入围生期。13例产妇均治愈出院;11例围生儿中,早产儿7例,胎死宫内2例,新生儿重度窒息1例家属放弃抢救后死亡,轻度窒息1例。结论剖宫产子宫切除术胎盘因素是主要手术指征,剖宫产术中各种止血措施无效时应及时切除子宫。

  14. Delivery for women with a previous cesarean: guidelines for clinical practice from the French College of Gynecologists and Obstetricians (CNGOF).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sentilhes, Loïc; Vayssière, Christophe; Beucher, Gael; Deneux-Tharaux, Catherine; Deruelle, Philippe; Diemunsch, Pierre; Gallot, Denis; Haumonté, Jean-Baptiste; Heimann, Sonia; Kayem, Gilles; Lopez, Emmanuel; Parant, Olivier; Schmitz, Thomas; Sellier, Yann; Rozenberg, Patrick; d'Ercole, Claude

    2013-09-01

    The primary cause of uterine scars is a previous cesarean. In women with a previous cesarean, the risks of maternal complications are rare and similar after a trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) and after an elective repeat cesarean delivery (ERCD), but the risk of uterine rupture is higher with TOLAC (level of evidence [LE]2). Maternal morbidity in women with previous cesareans is higher when TOLAC fails than when it leads to successful vaginal delivery (LE2). Although maternal morbidity increases progressively with the number of ERCD, maternal morbidity of TOLAC decreases with the number of successful previous TOLAC (LE2). The risk-benefit ratio considering the risks of short- and long-term maternal complications is favorable to TOLAC in most cases (LE3). Globally, neonatal complications are rare regardless of the mode of delivery for women with previous cesareans. The risks of fetal, perinatal, and neonatal mortality during TOLAC are low. Nonetheless, these risks are significantly higher than those associated with ERCD (LE2). The risks of mask ventilation, intubation for meconium-stained amniotic fluid, and neonatal sepsis all increase in TOLAC (LE2). The risk of transient respiratory distress increases in ERCD (LE2). To reduce this risk, and except in particular situations, ERCD must not be performed before 39 weeks (grade B). TOLAC is possible for women with a previous cesarean before 37 weeks, with 2 previous cesareans, with a uterine malformation, a low vertical incision or an unknown incision, with a myomectomy, postpartum fever, an interval of less than 6 months between the last cesarean delivery and the conception of the following pregnancy, if the obstetric conditions are favorable (professional consensus). ERCD is recommended in women with a scar in the uterine body (grade B) and a history of 3 or more cesareans (professional consensus). Ultrasound assessment of the risk of uterine rupture in women with uterine scars has not been shown to have any

  15. Therapeutic results and safety of postoperative radiotherapy for keloid after repeated Cesarean section in immediate postpartum period

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim Ju Ree; Lee, Sang Hoon [Cheil General Hospital and Women' s Healthcare Center, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-06-15

    To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of postoperative radiotherapy for the treatment of keloid scars administered immediately after Cesarean section. A total of 26 postpartum patients with confirmed keloids resulting from previous Cesarean sections received either 12 or 15 Gy radiotherapy. The radiotherapy was divided into three 6 MeV electron beam fractions administered during the postpartum period immediately following the fi nal Cesarean section. To evaluate ovarian safety, designated doses of radiation were estimated at the calculated depth of the ovaries using a solid plate phantom and an ionization chamber with the same lead cutout as was used for the treatment of Cesarean section operative scars and a tissue equivalent bolus. In total, the control rate was 77% (20 patients), while six (23%) developed focally elevated keloids (ranging from 0.5 to 2 cm in length) in the middle of the primary abdominal scar. Five patients experienced mild hyperpigmentation. Nonetheless, most patients (96%) were satisfied with the treatment results. The estimated percentage of the applied radiation doses that reached the calculated depth of the ovaries ranged from 0.0033% to 0.0062%. When administered during the immediate postpartum period, postoperative electron beam radiotherapy for repeated Cesarean section scars is generally safe and produces good cosmetic results with minimal toxicity.

  16. Strategy for diagnosis and correction of vaginal dysbiosis in terms of preparation of pregnant for planned cesarean section and prevention of postpartum endometritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voronin K.V.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Clinical features of vaginal dysbiosis as a factor in the high risk of septic complications, especially in pregnant women diagnosed with anaerobic vaginal dysbiosis were examined. Low efficiency of the traditional methods of treating bacterial dysbiosis, a high rate of recurrences and the risk of preterm delivery dictate the need to find alternative methods of treatment and prevention of antenatal and post-natal complications. The widespread introduction of caesarean section into obstetric practice contributed to the reduction of perinatal loss. However, together with the expansion of indications for cesarean section, increase in the frequency and severity of post-natal chronic inflammatory diseases is associated. The number of purulent-inflammatory diseases in the early postoperative period and in the long-term period after C-section is large, reaching 3,3-54,3%. Postpartum period, even in physiological course and particularly in the presence of risk factors is favorable for the development of infectious complications. Almost all the authors identify caesarean section as a significant risk factor for postpartum endometritis, since, making only 10 - 20% of the total number of deliveries, cesarean section causes 80% of all postpartum endometritis. We propose a diagnostic algorithm, drug correction and prevention for this common group of patients.

  17. Anesthetic management of super-morbidly obese parturients for cesarean delivery with a double neuraxial catheter technique: a case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polin, C M; Hale, B; Mauritz, A A; Habib, A S; Jones, C A; Strouch, Z Y; Dominguez, J E

    2015-08-01

    Parturients with super-morbid obesity, defined as body mass index greater than 50kg/m(2), represent a growing segment of patients who require anesthetic care for labor and delivery. Severe obesity and its comorbid conditions place the parturient and fetus at greater risk for pregnancy complications and cesarean delivery, as well as surgical and anesthetic complications. The surgical approach for cesarean delivery in these patients may require a supra-umbilical vertical midline incision due to a large pannus. The dense T4-level of spinal anesthesia can cause difficulties with ventilation for the obese patient during the procedure, which can be prolonged. Patients also may have respiratory complications in the postoperative period due to pain from the incision. We describe the anesthetic management of three parturients with body mass index ranging from 73 to 95kg/m(2) who had a cesarean delivery via a supra-umbilical vertical midline incision. Continuous lumbar spinal and low thoracic epidural catheters were placed in each patient for intraoperative anesthesia and postoperative analgesia, respectively. Continuous spinal catheters were dosed with incremental bupivacaine boluses to achieve surgical anesthesia. In one case, the patient required respiratory support with non-invasive positive pressure ventilation. Two cases were complicated by intraoperative hemorrhage. All patients had satisfactory postoperative analgesia with a thoracic epidural infusion. None suffered postoperative respiratory complications or postdural puncture headache. The use of a continuous lumbar spinal catheter and a low thoracic epidural provides several advantages in the anesthetic management of super-morbidly obese parturients for cesarean delivery.

  18. Quality assurance: The 10-Group Classification System (Robson classification), induction of labor, and cesarean delivery.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Robson, Michael

    2015-10-01

    Quality assurance in labor and delivery is needed. The method must be simple and consistent, and be of universal value. It needs to be clinically relevant, robust, and prospective, and must incorporate epidemiological variables. The 10-Group Classification System (TGCS) is a simple method providing a common starting point for further detailed analysis within which all perinatal events and outcomes can be measured and compared. The system is demonstrated in the present paper using data for 2013 from the National Maternity Hospital in Dublin, Ireland. Interpretation of the classification can be easily taught. The standard table can provide much insight into the philosophy of care in the population of women studied and also provide information on data quality. With standardization of audit of events and outcomes, any differences in either sizes of groups, events or outcomes can be explained only by poor data collection, significant epidemiological variables, or differences in practice. In April 2015, WHO proposed that the TGCS (also known as the Robson classification) is used as a global standard for assessing, monitoring, and comparing cesarean delivery rates within and between healthcare facilities.

  19. [The incredible story about the cesarean section from ancient times till nowadays].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zilberlicht, Ariel; Kedar, Reuven; Riskin-Mashiah, Shlomit; Lavie, Ofer

    2014-08-01

    During its evolution the cesarean section has meant different things to different people. The indications for it have changed throughout the course of history. From the initial purpose to retrieve an infant from a dead or dying mother in order to bury the child separately from his mother, to contemporary indications. This article strives to follow the roots of this common procedure--starting from the descriptions in the ancient Greek mythology, through the imperial Roman law, aspects of Judaism and the evolution of the procedure throughout modern history. Major improvements in the surgical techniques, the introduction of anesthesia and aseptic procedures contributed to the decline in mortality and morbidity rates. We will attempt to find the etymology for the expression "cesarean section" which has commonly been accounted to Julius Caesar's name, although history denies it. This review takes us on a historical journey, from ancient times to nowadays, in which we follow the course and nature of a procedure being performed daily in thousands of hospitals. PMID:25286639

  20. Comparison of Intravenous Ranitidine with Pantoprazole in Decreasing Gastric Fluid Acidity in Emergency Cesarean Section

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alipour M

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Peri-operative aspiration of gastric contents is a problem that causes certain respiratory problems including ARDS. Prophylaxis against aspiration of gastric contents is performed routinely in elective surgeries, but there is rare evidence on the efficacy of this method in emergency cesarean section. Materials and Methods: This is a randomized, controlled, double-blinded clinical trial. 60 parturients undergoing emergency cesarean section were randomly assigned into three groups of 20 each. They were allocated into two study and one placebo groups. The study group one and two received intravenous ranitidine (IV 50 mg or IV pantoprazole 40 mg, half an hour before induction of GA, respectively. The placebo group was administered just 5 ml of isotonic saline half an hour before GA induction. After intubation and confirmation of endotracheal tube insertion, the gastric contents were aspirated through a nasogastric tube for evaluation of acidity and volume. Results: A statistical difference between group one and two with the control group was observed in the acidity of gastric contents, but there was no difference in volume. Also, the PH level of gastric contents in patients receiving pantoprazole was significantly higher than the isotonic saline (p

  1. Remifentanil at induction of general anesthesia for cesarean section: Double blind, randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shokoufeh Behdad

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Remifentanil, with its rapid activity onset and short duration of action, may be more effective than other opioids for providing hemodynamic stability during obstetric anesthesia. However, there is some evidence of adverse effects on neonatal respiratory function. We investigated maternal and fetal effects of remifentanil during cesarean section surgery. Methods: Eighteen women with singleton term pregnancies, and physical class status of I or II as defined by the American Society of Anesthesia (ASA, who were undergoing general anesthesia for semi-elective cesarean section were randomized into two groups (40 in each group that received either and intravenous bolus of 0.5 µg/kg remifentanil or the same dose of saline as a placebo. Maternal hemodynamic variables and neonatal umbilical artery pH and Apgar score at first and fifth min were evaluated in both groups. Results: Systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly lower after tracheal intubation and skin incision in the remifentanil group as compared with the control group (p<0.05. There were no significant differences regarding heart rate between groups at any time (p>0.05. Apgar scores at first and fifth min were not significantly different among groups (p>0.05. No neonate required assisted ventilation or naloxan administration. Conclusion: Remifentanil may be a safe and effective drug for the induction of general anesthesia and surgical stimulation without subsequent neonatal depression. 

  2. The Effect of Honey Gel on Abdominal Wound Healing in Cesarean Section: A Triple Blind Randomized Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Nikpour

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To assess whether honey can accelerate the wound healing in women undergoing cesarean section. Methods: This was a triple blinded randomized prospective clinical trial. Women with cesarean section were randomly designated as drug (37 cases and placebo (38 cases groups. The drug group received local honey gel 25% while the placebo group received similar free-honey gel on abdominal cesarean incision twice a day for 14 days. REEDA scale (Redness, Edema, Ecchymosis, Discharge and Approximation of wound edges was used to assess wound healing. Results: The mean REEDA was 2.27 ± 2.46 and 3.91 ± 2.74 (p=0.008 on the 7th day and 0.47 ± 0.84 and 1.59± 1.95 (p=0.002 on the 14th day for the drug and placebo groups, respectively. Redness, edema and hematoma in the drug group were significantly lower on the 7th and 14th days. Conclusion: Honey was effective in healing the cesarean section incision. Using topical honey is suggested as a natural product with rare side effects in order to reduce the complications of cesarean wounds.

  3. Comparison of Neonatal Arterial Blood Oxygen Saturation Rate Immediately After Birth in Normal and Elective Cesarean Delivery

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmoodi Fatemeh; Mobaraki Asieh; Mahmoodi Zainab; Najar Shahnaz; Haghighi Mohammad hosein; Borzoueisileh Sajad; Ebrahimpour Soheil

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Ninety percent of neonates pass the transition from fetal life to outside uterus successfully, and only 1% needs intensive support for survival. The quantity of oxygen saturation immediately after birth shows the need for resuscitation immediately after birth. The present research was carried out with the objective of comparing saturation rate of arterial blood hypoxia in neonates born with normal vaginal delivery and cesarean method. Materials and Methods: 220 neonates bo...

  4. Anesthesia for cesarean delivery in a patient with large anterior mediastinal tumor presenting as intrathoracic airway compression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yatish Bevinaguddaiah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Anterior mediastinal mass is a rare pathology that presents considerable anesthetic challenges due to cardiopulmonary compromise. We present a case that was referred to us in the third trimester of pregnancy with severe breathlessness and orthopnea. An elective cesarean delivery was performed under combined spinal epidural anesthesia with a favorable outcome. We discuss the perioperative considerations in these patients with a review of the literature.

  5. Planned Repeat Cesarean Section at Term and Adverse Childhood Health Outcomes: A Record-Linkage Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mairead Black

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Global cesarean section (CS rates range from 1% to 52%, with a previous CS being the commonest indication. Labour following a previous CS carries risk of scar rupture, with potential for offspring hypoxic brain injury, leading to high rates of repeat elective CS. However, the effect of delivery by CS on long-term outcomes in children is unclear. Increasing evidence suggests that in avoiding exposure to maternal bowel flora during labour or vaginal birth, offspring delivered by CS may be adversely affected in terms of energy uptake from the gut and immune development, increasing obesity and asthma risks, respectively. This study aimed to address the evidence gap on long-term childhood outcomes following repeat CS by comparing adverse childhood health outcomes after (1 planned repeat CS and (2 unscheduled repeat CS with those that follow vaginal birth after CS (VBAC.A data-linkage cohort study was performed. All second-born, term, singleton offspring delivered between 1 January 1993 and 31 December 2007 in Scotland, UK, to women with a history of CS (n = 40,145 were followed up until 31 January 2015. Outcomes assessed included obesity at age 5 y, hospitalisation with asthma, learning disability, cerebral palsy, and death. Cox regression and binary logistic regression were used as appropriate to compare outcomes following planned repeat CS (n = 17,919 and unscheduled repeat CS (n = 8,847 with those following VBAC (n = 13,379. Risk of hospitalisation with asthma was greater following both unscheduled repeat CS (3.7% versus 3.3%, adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.18, 95% CI 1.05-1.33 and planned repeat CS (3.6% versus 3.3%, adjusted HR 1.24, 95% CI 1.09-1.42 compared with VBAC. Learning disability and death were more common following unscheduled repeat CS compared with VBAC (3.7% versus 2.3%, adjusted odds ratio 1.64, 95% CI 1.17-2.29, and 0.5% versus 0.4%, adjusted HR 1.50, 95% CI 1.00-2.25, respectively. Risk of obesity at age 5 y and risk of cerebral

  6. STUDY OF MATERNAL AND FETAL OUTCOME AND FACTORS AFFECTING SUCCESS WITH VAGINAL BIRTH AFTER CESAREAN SECTION IN TERTIARY CARE CENTRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijayasree

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cesarean section must be justified only when benefits outweigh harm to the mother and fetus. The impact of Cesarean section on maternal and child health and its high cost compared with vaginal birth represent a public health problem. Cesarean section rate is increasing globally and reported to be 25 - 30% in recent studies . Several factors contribute to this increase , but repeat CS stands as the most relevant factor and contribute to about 29% of performed CS. One of the strategies proposed to reduce the CS rate is to increase the number of trials of labor among women who had previous one lower segment cesarean section. However , concern still remains r egarding associated maternal or neonatal complications and factors that lead to success or failure of VBAC. So , we undertook this study to evaluate the factors affecting success of VBAC. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To study maternal and fetal outcomes associated w ith trial of vaginal birth after cesarean section and to evaluate factors associated with its success. MATERIALS AND METHODS : It is an Observational prospective study performed on 100 partu rients in the department of OBG, in Mamata General Hospital , K hammam , Andhra Pradesh. Patients with previous one lower segment Cesarean section and a single fetus with cephalic presentation without cephalo - pelvic disproportion were included in the study. These women were given a trial for vaginal birth with observati on during labor by a partogram and external fetal cardiotocography. RESULTS: Vaginal birth was successful in 50%. Repeat Cesarean section was done in the other 50% due to suspicious scar (62% , fetal distress (24% and failure to progress (14%. Scar Ruptu re occurred in (6% , postpartum hemorrhage in (4% , neonatal incubation in (10% and the neonatal mortality was (2%. Vaginal birth was significantly higher in the age group 20 - 30 years , body mass index in between 20 - 25 , patients with prior vaginal birth , inter - pregnancy interval

  7. [Chemical peritonitis after a bladder lesion during a cesarean section. A case report and literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro-Cuenca, Alejandro; Ángel-Muller, Edith; González-Carrillo, Viviana Andrea

    2015-02-01

    This paper reviews the case of a patient who underwent a cesarean surgery and re-entered with an oral way intolerance, postprandial emesis, abdominal pain and clear-fluid exit from surgical wound. After possible bladder injury and secondary chemistry peritonitis, the patient was taken to surgery where the diagnosis was confirmed, and the correction of bladder injury as well as peritoneal lavage were performed, it antibiotic therapy for three days and the patient had satisfactory evolution. Bladder injury is a rare complication of cesarean section with an estimated incidence between 0.0016 and 0.94%; but if it is not diagnosed intraoperative it can trigger a clinical setting of secondary chemical peritonitis, due to secondary irritation of the peritoneum. Chemical peritonitis is among the classification of secondary peritonitis. Within the pathophysiology, the mechanical, chemical or bacterial stimulus generates an inflammatory reaction, with progressive generation of exudate, leukocytes and fibrin deposit, which injure mesothelial cells, disrupt the defense and maintenance of peritoneal homeostasis, triggering serious complications, which can lead to multiple organ failure and death. The chemical peritonitis should be suspected with the clinical setting and the risk factors of recent surgical history and timely management should be instituted properly with correction of the cause, antimicrobial treatment, blood volume therapy and nutritional support, which leads to a favorable outcome for the patient and improves survival with fewer complications.

  8. Effect of number of cesarean section on pregnancy outcomes%剖宫产次数对妊娠结局的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾翠蓉

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of number of cesarean section on pregnancy outcomes. Methods 70 cases of cesarean section in our hospital from January 2012 to January 2014 were selected as research object,and they were divided into the control group(the first cesarean section)and observation group(repeated cesarean section),with 35 cas-es in each group. Pregnancy outcome between two groups was compared. Results Postpartum complication occurrence rate in observation group was lower than that of control group, postpartum breastfeeding rate,postpartum living quality satisfaction degree in observation group was higher than that of control group,the difference was significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The more times the number of cesarean section in maternals,the lower the postpartum living quality,the worse the postpartum breastfeeding,and the higher the postpartum complication occurrence rate.The clinical must act according to the special details choice appropriate delivery way,so as to ensure maternal and child health, improve the quality of medical services.%目的:探讨剖宫产次数对妊娠结局的影响。方法选取2012年1月~2014年1月在本院行剖宫产分娩的70例产妇作为研究对象,根据产妇剖宫产次数分为对照组(初次剖宫产)和观察组(多次剖宫产),每组35例。比较两组产妇的妊娠结局。结果观察组产妇的产后并发症发生率低于对照组,母乳喂养率、产后生活质量满意度高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论产妇剖宫产次数越多,产后生活质量越低,母乳喂养情况越差,且产后并发症发生率越高。临床上应根据产妇的具体体征选择合适的分娩方式,从而保障母婴健康,提高医疗服务质量。

  9. Patterns of deliveries in a Brazilian birth cohort: almost universal cesarean sections for the better-off Padrones de partos en una cohorte de nacimientos: cesáreas casi universales para los riesgos Padrões dos partos em uma coorte de nascimentos: cesarianas quase universais para os ricos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aluísio J D Barros

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the patterns of deliveries in a birth cohort and to compare vaginal and cesarean section deliveries. METHODS: All children born to mothers from the urban area of Pelotas, Brazil, in 2004, were recruited for a birth cohort study. Mothers were contacted and interviewed during their hospital stay when extensive information on the gestation, the birth and the newborn, along with maternal health history and family characteristics was collected. Maternal characteristics and childbirth care financing - either private or public healthcare (SUS patients - were the main factors investigated along with a description of C-sections distribution according to day of the week and delivery time. Standard descriptive techniques, Χ² tests for comparing proportions and Poisson regression to explore the independent effect of C-section predictors were the methods used. RESULTS: The overall C-section rate was 45%, 36% among SUS and 81% among private patients, where 35% of C-sections were reported elective. C-sections were more frequent on Tuesdays and Wednesdays, reducing by about a third on Sundays, while normal deliveries had a uniform distribution along the week. Delivery time for C-sections was markedly different among public and private patients. Maternal schooling was positively associated with C-section among SUS patients, but not among private patients. CONCLUSIONS: C-sections were almost universal among the wealthier mothers, and strongly related to maternal education among SUS patients. The patterns we describe are compatible with the idea that C-sections are largely done to suit the doctor's schedule. Drastic action is called for to change the current situation.OBJETIVO: Describir el padrón de los partos en una cohorte de nacimientos, comparando partos normales y cesáreos. MÉTODOS: Todos los recién nacidos de moradoras de área urbana de Pelotas (Sur de Brasil en 2004 fueron reclutados para una cohorte de nacimientos. Las madres

  10. 剖宫产术后阴道分娩的产程时限研究%Labor Time in Vaginal Birth after Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜海利; 王欣

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the labor time in vaginal birth after cesarean section ( VBAC ) so as to get definite evaluating and monitoring points of VBAC. Methods 75 pregnant women who underwent trial of labor after cesarean ( TOLAC)in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2012 to June 2015 were selected. Among them,70 cases(VBAC,93. 3%)had successful vaginal delivery,5 cases(6. 7%)with unsuccessful vaginal trial production underwent cesarean section again. According to the timing of previous cesarean section,70 pregnant women with VBAC were divided into cesarean section after vaginal trial of production group(n=23)and elective cesarean section group(n=47),and their stages of labor were recorded. Results The average age and parity of patients in elective cesarean section group were respectively younger and less than those of patients in cesarean section after vaginal trial of production group ( P﹤0. 05 );the comparison of gestational age,times of pregnancy,pre-pregnancy BMI,prenatal BMI,thickness of lower uterine segment and premature rupture of membrane through ultrasonic testing,and proportion of gestational diabetes and pregnancy complicated with hypertension among pregnant women in two groups was not significantly different ( P ﹥0. 05 ) . There was no significant difference in times of the first stage of labor,the second stage of labor and total stage of labor among pregnant women with no history of vaginal delivery in two groups(P﹥0. 05);there was no significant difference in times of the first stage of labor,the second stage of labor and total stage of labor among term delivery women with no history of vaginal delivery in two groups( P﹥ 0. 05). The amount of postpartum hemorrhage, neonatal weight, neonatal Apgar score, and the proportion of puerperal infection,fetal distress,amniotic fluid Ⅲ, neonatal morbidity, forceps delivery and maternal postpartum hemorrhage among pregnant women in two groups were not

  11. [Temperature changes and thermoregulatory responses during epidural anesthesia in women undergoing cesarean delivery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negishi, C; Ozaki, M; Suzuki, H; Ohno, T

    1996-05-01

    Eleven healthy pregnant women were studied to determine temperature changes after induction of epidural anesthesia during cesarean delivery. Epidural anesthesia was induced by 2% lidocaine 15-20 ml (T 5 level) at 25 degrees C ambient temperature. Tympanic membrane and skin surface temperature, skin-temperature gradients (forearm-fingerchip, calf-toe), thermal perception (1-10 scale VAS) and the presence or absence of shivering were measured. Sixty minutes after induction, tympanic temperature decreased for 0.52 +/- 0.26 degrees C and average skin temperature increased for 0.56 +/- 0.17 degrees C. Central hypothermia and shivering did not produce a cold sensation. Temperature gradients of upper limb increased to 2.0 +/- 3.7 degrees C (50 minutes after induction) and the lower limbs decreased to -1.4 +/- 0.55 degrees C (30 minutes after induction). Shivering occurred in 3 patients. We conclude that epidural anesthesia impaired thermoregulatory control and induced redistribution hypothermia as in nonpregnant individuals.

  12. Evaluation of immune system function in neonatal pigs born vaginally or by Cesarean section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel, J A; Carroll, J A; Keisler, D H; Kojima, C J

    2008-07-01

    Full term crossbred sows were selected to study the interaction of the immune system, hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, and growth in pigs born by Cesarean section (c-section; n=4 sows) or vaginal birth (n=4 sows). Gestation length and birth weight did not differ between vaginal birth and c-section pigs (P=0.34 and 0.62, respectively). Blood and tissue samples were collected from 44 pigs at birth. Forty-five pigs were weaned at 13 d. On d 14, pigs received an i.p. injection of lipopolysaccaride (LPS; 150 microg/kg) or saline at min 0, and blood samples were collected at -20, -10, 0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 90, and 120 min. Vaginal birth pigs had 21% greater average daily gain than c-section pigs on d 14 (Ppigs at birth (P0.22). Basal serum concentrations of TNF-alpha tended to be greater in c-section vs vaginal birth pigs at 14 d (P=0.0967); however, basal serum concentrations of IFN-gamma tended to be lower in c-section pigs vs vaginal birth pigs at 14 d (P=0.0787). Expression of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-6 receptor, IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha mRNA did not differ between vaginal birth and c-section pigs but changed in an age and tissue dependent manner. Thus, reduced growth rate of c-section pigs is associated with altered immune system function.

  13. Clinical analysis of placenta previa cesarean delivery in 52 cases%前置胎盘剖宫产52例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王蕾

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨前置胎盘剖宫产术中子宫切口方式和出血量之间的关系。方法:2012年1月-2013年1月收治前置胎盘剖宫产孕妇52例,比较不同子宫切口与相应的出血量。结果:直接切开胎盘组出血量最多,切开胎盘组与推开胎盘组和避开胎盘组比较,出血量均有显著性差异。结论:前置胎盘剖宫产术前应做B超检查明确胎盘位置,采用避开胎盘的子宫切口以减少术中出血量,减少母婴并发症。%Objective:To explore the relationship between intraoperative uterine incision approach between bleeding amount of placenta previa cesarean delivery.Methods:52 pregnant women with placenta previa cesarean delivery were selected from January 2012 to January 2013.The different uterine incisions and the corresponding blood amounts were compared.Results:The bleeding amount of directly cutting placenta group was largest,the cutting placenta group was compared with the pushing placenta group and the avoiding placenta group,the bleeding volume were significantly different.Conclusion:Placenta previa cesarean section should make B ultrasound examination before operation to clear the placenta.Using avoiding placenta uterine incision reduce intraoperatve blood volume,reduce the complications of mothers and infants.

  14. [Urgent cesarean section in a pregnant woman with carbon monoxide poisoning].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gara, Edit; Gesztes, Éva; Doroszlai, Richárd; Zacher, Gábor

    2014-06-01

    Recognition of carbon monoxide is difficult due to its plain physical-chemical properties. Carbon and gas operating heating systems may cause severe poisoning. Carbon-monoxide intoxication may generate severe hypoxic damage and it may cause death. The authors present the case of severe carbon monoxide poisoning affecting one young child and five adults, including a pregnant woman. Because the availability of hyperbaric oxygen therapy is limited in Hungary, urgent cesarean section was performed to avoid intrauterine hypoxic damage. The authors note that there are no standardized non-invasive methods for measuring fetal carbon-monoxide level and that the level of carbon monoxide accumulation is higher and the clearance is longer in the fetus than in the mother. The pathophysiology of carbon monoxide intoxication and therapeutic options in pregnancy are discussed. PMID:24860052

  15. Evaluation of risk factor and complication of umbilical cord prolapsed in cesarean section

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Rezaee

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Considering the rarity of umbilical cord prolapse (UCP and lack of accurate data about the risk factors and health outcomes, we aimed to evaluate cases of cesarean section (CS due to UCP in order to reduce treatment costs and provide information about the mortality and morbidity associated with this condition.Patients & Methods: Of 35,259 cases of CS performed in four hospitals during 2004-2012, 103 cases of UCP were selected as the case group; on the other hand, 318 cases without UCP were classified as the control group. Information was extracted from patients' records and analyzed by SPSS version 18. Results: Prevalence of UCP was estimated at 0.2%. In the case group, the active phase of labor was reported 1.4 times (81% vs 57%-P

  16. Attributable Costs of Surgical Site Infection and Endometritis After Low Transverse Cesarean Section

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Margaret A.; Butler, Anne M.; Willers, Denise M.; Gross, Gilad A.; Hamilton, Barton H.; Fraser, Victoria J.

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND Accurate data on costs attributable to hospital-acquired infections are needed in order to determine their economic impact and the cost-benefit of potential preventive strategies. OBJECTIVE Determine the attributable costs of surgical site infection (SSI) and endometritis (EMM) after cesarean section using two different methods. DESIGN Retrospective cohort. SETTING Barnes-Jewish Hospital, a 1250-bed academic tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS 1,605 women who underwent low transverse cesarean section from 7/1999 – 6/2001. METHODS Attributable costs of SSI and EMM were determined by generalized least squares (GLS) and propensity score matched-pairs using administrative claims data to define underlying comorbidities and procedures. For the matched-pairs analyses, uninfected control patients were matched to patients with SSI or with EMM based on their propensity to develop infection, and the median difference in costs calculated. RESULTS The attributable total hospital cost of SSI calculated by GLS was $3,529 and by propensity score matched-pairs was $2,852. The attributable total hospital cost of EMM calculated by GLS was $3,956 and by propensity score matched-pairs was $3,842. The majority of excess costs were associated with room and board and pharmacy costs. CONCLUSIONS The costs of SSI and EMM were lower than SSI costs reported after more extensive operations. The attributable costs of EMM calculated using the two methods were very similar, while the costs of SSI calculated using propensity score matched-pairs were lower than the costs calculated by GLS. The difference in costs determined by the two methods needs to be considered by investigators performing cost analyses of hospital-acquired infections. PMID:20102279

  17. The effect of intravenous propofol on the incidence of post-dural puncture headache following spinal anesthesia in cesarean section

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parisa Golfam

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Post Dural puncture headache is still a common complication among young women undergone cesarean section, although use of small size spinal needles reduced its prevalence. Several methods have been suggested for prevention and treatment of this side effect; such as complete bed rest, hydration, non-opioid analgesics, caffeine, codeine, which none of them proved to be totally effective. The last option would be epidural blood patch, if headache persist. The aim of this study was evaluation the efficacy of intravenous propofol on post dural puncture headache incidence after cesarean section. Methods: In a randomized clinical trial 120 patients aged 18-45 years old in American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA class I or II, who had no history of headache, analgesic consumption, substance abuse and drug addiction, candidate for elective cesarean section, were randomly assigned into intervention (propofol and control groups. The anesthesia method for both groups was precisely the same. After spinal anesthesia in the first group 30µg/kg/min of intravenous propofol have been infused slowly. Then at 1, 6, 18, 24 hours and 2nd to 7th days after surgery, anesthesiologist asked groups for presence or absence of headache. The data analyzed with SPSS 16.0 software. Results: Headache incidence rate in the group who receiving propofol was significantly reduced (P.V=0.001. Conclusion: This study showed that 30µg/kg/min of intravenous propofol caused reduced the incidence of post spinal headache in young women undergone elective cesarean section.

  18. Comparison of Costs of Surgical Site Infection and Endometritis after Cesarean Section Using Claims and Medical Record Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Margaret A.; Butler, Anne M.; Willers, Denise M.; Gross, Gilad A.; Fraser, Victoria J.

    2012-01-01

    We used administrative and clinical data from a case-control study to calculate the costs of surgical site infection and endometritis after cesarean section. Attributable costs determined by generalized least squares with the two data sources were similar, suggesting that administrative data can be used to calculate infection costs. PMID:20583923

  19. 剖宫产率升高原因探讨%To investigate the reason of increasing cesarean section rate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙美红

    2014-01-01

    To investigate the related factors of increasing cesarean section rate.We analyzed the reason combined with the total hospitalized childbirth and cesarean section rate increased like a ladder of upward in recent five years,it can be divided into the social factors and the iatrogenic factors.The social factors influence on the cesarean section rate should be worthy of attention,how to reduce the rate of cesarean section is shared responsibilities of the maternity workers and the whole society.%目的:探讨剖宫产率升高的相关因素。我院5年来产科住院分娩总数和剖宫产率呈阶梯式上升,其原因可分为社会性因素和医源性因素,社会性因素对剖宫产率的影响应值得重视,如何降低剖宫产率是产科工作者及全社会共同的责任。

  20. Efficacy of Combined Laparoscopic and Hysteroscopic Repair of Post-Cesarean Section Uterine Diverticulum: A Retrospective Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuilan Li

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Diverticulum, one of the long-term sequelae of cesarean section, can cause abnormal uterine bleeding and increase the risk of uterine scar rupture. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of combined laparoscopic and hysteroscopic repair, a newly occurring method, treating post-cesarean section uterine scar diverticulum. Methods. Data relating to 40 patients with post-cesarean section uterine diverticulum who underwent combined laparoscopic and hysteroscopic repair were retrospectively analyzed. Preoperative clinical manifestations, size of uterine defects, thickness of the lower uterine segment (LUS, and duration of menstruation were compared with follow-up findings at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Results. The average preoperative length and width of uterine diverticula and thickness of the lower uterine segment were recorded and analyzed. The average durations of menstruations at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery were significantly shorter than the preoperative one (p<0.05, respectively. At 6 months after surgery, the overall success improvement rate of surgery was 90% (36/40. Three patients (3/40 = 7.5% developed partial improvement, and 1/40 (2.5% was lost to follow-up. Conclusions. Our findings showed that combined treatment with laparoscopy and hysteroscopy was an effective method for the repair of post-cesarean section uterine diverticulum.

  1. ANALYSIS OF MATERNAL AND FETAL OUTCOME IN SPINAL VERSUS EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA FOR CESAREAN DELIVERY IN SEVERE PRE-ECLAMPSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyothi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM Our primary aim is to analyze of maternal and fetal outcome in spinal versus epidural anesthesia for cesarean delivery in severe pre-eclampsia. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty parturients (60 with severe pre-eclampsia posted for cesarean section were randomized into two groups of thirty (30 each for either spinal anesthesia that is group S or epidural anesthesia that is group E. Spinal group (group S, n=30 received 10mg (2ml of 0.5% of hyperbaric bupivacaine solution intrathecally in left lateral decubitus or sitting position at L3-4 lumbar space with 25G quincke-babcock spinal needle. Patients received 6l/min of oxygen through Hudson’s face mask throughout the surgery. In Epidural group (group E, n=30, after thorough aseptic precautions, an 18G Tuohy’s epidural needle inserted at the L3-4 lumbar space with the patient in lateral decubitus or sitting position. Three ml of 1.5% lidocaine with was given as a test dose. After ruling out any intrathecal injection of the drug, initially 8ml of 0.5% isobaric bupivacaine given and the vitals monitored. Then 3ml top-ups of the same bupivacaine solution is given in a graded manner slowly, simultaneously checking the height of block. A blockade upto T4 to T6 is required. Vitals are carefully monitored and oxygen is provided 6l/min throughout the procedure and surgery. Blood pressure (systolic, mean, diastolic, pulse rate, oxygen saturation are recorded immediately after giving anesthesia, every minute for first 10mins, then every 3mins for the rest of the surgery. Then vitals are also noted post-operatively for the first 24hrs. Apgar score after 1 and 5 minutes, of the newborn baby is also recorded. Other parameters noted were incidence and duration of hypotension or hypertension both intra-operatively and post-operatively, any usage of vasopressors (ephedrine and its dose, convulsions, renal failure, pulmonary edema, requirement for ICU stay and the number of days in the mother, and the incidence of

  2. The application of uterine artery embolization for the treatment of uterine scar pregnancy after cesarean section

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To assess the clinical value of uterine arterial embolization (UAE) in treating uterine scar pregnancy after cesarean section. Methods: A total of' 35 cases with cesarean scar pregnancy, admitted to authors' hospital during the period from Jan. 2007 to June 2011, were divided into two groups: embolization group (n=21) and non-embolization group (n=14). By using Seldinger technique, UAE was performed via the right femoral access and gelatin sponge particle was used as embolization agent to occlude the uterine artery. In embolization group, sixteen patients received uterine cavity curettage one or two days after UAE, while five patients received laparotomy or perineotomy surgery to remove the lesions after UAE. In non-embolization group, uterine cavity curettage was performed directly in 8 patients, local injection of' methotrexate followed by uterine cavity curettage was carried out in 3 patients, and direct laparotomy to remove the lesions was adopted in the remaining 3 patients. The blood loss during the procedure, the hospitalization days and the time for β-HCG levels falling to normal were documented. The results were compared between the two groups. Results: UAE was successfully accomplished in all the 21 patients of embolization group and the uterus was preserved in all patients. For the embolization group, the mean hospitalization time was (11.5±3.6) days, and the time for β-HCG levels falling to normal was (18.6±4.9) days. For the non-embolization group, the mean hospitalization time was(20.4±5.2)days, and the time for β-HCG levels falling to normal was (28.7±5.6)days. Hysterectomy had to be carried out in two patients of non-embolization group due to the massive bleeding occurred in therapeutic procedures. Conclusion: For the treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy, UAE is very effective and mini-invasive with high success rate. UAE can preserve the patient's reproductive function, and it also plays a significant role in preventing hemorrhage

  3. A comparison of three vasopressors for tight control of maternal blood pressure during cesarean section under spinal anesthesia: Effect on maternal and fetal outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neerja Bhardwaj

    2013-01-01

    Results: The umbilical pH was comparable in all the three groups (P > 0.05. The mean SBP from spinal block until delivery was similar over time for all the three groups. The incidence of reactive hypertension was more in group M (P < 0.05 than in group E and group P. Total drug consumption to meet target blood pressure till delivery was 39.3 ± 14.6 mg in group E, 1.7 ± 0.9 mg in group M, and 283.6 ± 99.8 mcg in group P. The incidence of nausea and vomiting was comparable in the three groups. Conclusion: All the three vasopressors were equally effective in maintaining maternal blood pressure as well as umbilical pH during spinal anesthesia for cesarean section without any detrimental effects on fetal and maternal outcome.

  4. Acute Postpartum Pulmonary Edema in a 32-Year-Old Woman Five Days after Cesarean Delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masuda Islam Khan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Acute dyspnea after pregnancy is a rare presentation, and a number of important conditions may accompany it. Pulmonary embolism, amniotic fluid embolism, pneumonia, aspiration and pulmonary edema are some of the potential causes that must be considered. The percentage of pregnancies that are complicated by acute pulmonary edema has been estimated 0.08%. The most common contributing factors include the administration of tocolytic agents, underlying cardiac disease, iatrogenic fluid overload and preeclampsia. Here we report a case of 32- year-old woman of 5th postpartum day following lower uterine cesarean section with acute dyspnea from her first pregnancy who was admitted in coronary care unit with history of one episode of raised blood pressure 160/90 mm Hg and cough on 1st postoperative day. Clinical examination and relevant investigations explored that it was a case of bilateral pulmonary edema. Patient was kept in ventilator and was treated with nitroglycerine (GTN, frusemide and ACE inhibitor. After diuresis, considerable improvement was observed in her respiratory status. From the 4th day, the patient became hemodynamically stable and was weaned off the ventilator. After five days, all the biochemical parameters became normal and she had no dyspnea.

  5. ENTRAPMENT OF AFTER COMING HEAD IN BICORNUATE UTERUS DURING CESAREAN BREECH DELIVERY OF TERM FETUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijayalakshmi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The incidence of breech presentation in about 3% in singleton term pregnancies and about 20% in preterm pregnancies. The predisposing factors for breech presentation include uterine distension ( P olyhydramnios, M ultiple gestation , lax uterus ( G rand multiparty , uterine anomalies, pelvic tumors, fetal abnormalities ( A nencephaly, hydrocephalus, low birth weight , previous breech, placenta previa. Breech presentation increases the risk of morbidity and mortality in both fetus and mother. Nowadays majority of breech deliveries are by caesarian section compared with vaginal delivery. Caesarian section can significantly reduce neonatal complications, with a trivial increase in maternal complications. However caesarian section cannot alleviate all the complications. Hereby we present a case with entrapment of after coming head in caesarian breech delivery of a term fetus. According to current clinical practice in 2001 the American college of obstetricians and gynecologists (ACOG recommended that “P atient with a persistent breech presentation at term in a singleton gestation should undergo a planned caesarian delivery”. Nevertheless it stated that “ A planned caesarian delivery does not apply to patients presenting in advanced labour with a fetus in breech presentation in whom deliveries likely to be imminent or in patients where 2 nd twin is non - vertex position” . 1

  6. The main function of bionic air-bag midwifery skill reducing cesarean section rate%气囊仿生助产对降低剖宫产率的主要作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄崇梅; 王英; 何林清; 张琦

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析我国剖宫产率居高不下的原因,探讨应用气囊仿生助产技术对降低剖宫产率的可行性。方法:对我院未应用气囊仿生助产术前和已使用气囊仿生助产术后在我院分娩的孕产妇,从剖宫产指征、剖产率两方面进行回顾性对照研究。结果:未应用气囊仿生助产术前剖宫产指征中社会因素占56%,医学指征占44%,剖宫产率50%。应用气囊仿生助产术后社会因素占36%,医学指征占64%,剖宫产率下降至35%。讨论:运用气囊助产在分娩过程中缩短产程,减少会阴裂伤等优势。明显减少了剖宫产的社会因素指征,使剖宫产率明显下降。所以气囊仿生助产术是降低剖宫产率的有效措施,值得推广。%Objective: To analyze the reason of high cesarean section rate in our country, to investigate the feasibility of applying bionic air-bag midwifery skil to reduce cesarean section rate.Methods: We use the indication of cesarean section and cesarean section rate to undertake retrospective study about the differences of puerperal women in our hospital who apply bionic air-bag midwifery skil or not.Results: In the indication of cesarean section that puerperal women did not apply bionic air-bag midwifery skil, social factors account for 56% and medical indication accounts for 44%.The cesarean section rate is 50%.However, In the indication of cesarean section that puerperal women apply bionic air-bag midwifery skil, social factors account for 36% and medical indication accounts for 64%.The cesarean section rate drop to 35%.Discussion:Applying bionic air-bag midwifery skil have many advantages such as shortening the stage of labor during delivery and reducing perineal laceration. It makes the social factors of cesarean section and cesarean section rate decline obviously. In summary, bionic air-bag midwifery skil is an effective measure to reduce cesarean section rate and deserves popularity.

  7. The Fisher Discriminant of Pregnancies after Cesarean Section%剖宫产术后再次妊娠分娩方式的 Fisher 判别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈素娟; 董云; 郑帅英; 杨丽

    2014-01-01

    Objective To classify the pregnancies after cesarean section by using Fisher discriminant in order to provide a reference mode of delivery in pregnant women with the history of cesarean section ( PCS ) . Methods 216 cases of PCS pregnant women with vaginal delivery were applied in this study .Age, occupation , labor before the body mass index ( BMI) , the time from a previous cesarean section , complications of pregnan-cy, fetal abdominal circumference , fetal biparietal diameter , the lower uterine segment thickness , the sex of a fetus, the Bishop cervical ripening score , and the application of contraction agent were collected .Results ①The mode of delivery:Vaginal delivery was successful in 66 cases.Vaginal midwifery delivery was successful in 58 cases.Cesarean section delivery was successful in 92 cases.②Single factor analysis showed:The three kinds of mode of delivery has statistically significantat in occupation , preclinical BMI , fetal abdominal circum-ference , biparietal diameter , application , tocolytic agents from the previous cesarean section time , lower uter-ine segment thickness and Bishop score , P<0.05.③The selected discriminant factors were the fetal abdomi-nal circumference ( X1 ) , the lower uterine segment thickness ( X2 ) , Bishop score ( X3 ) and the application of of oxytocin ( X4 ) by stepwise Fisher discriminant function .Fisher discriminant function: Function 1 =-0. 101X1+2.202X2 +0.649X3 +0.289X4 -9.243;Function 2=0.258X1 -0.156X2 +0.593X3 +0.409X4 -14 .384 .④The sensitivity of spontaneous vaginal delivery , vaginal delivery and cesarean section is respectively 80.30%, 56.90%and 78.26% by Function prediction.Overall compliance rate was 73.15%.Conclusion Fetal abdominal circumference , the lower uterine segment thickness , Bishop score and application of tocolytic agents are the main factors affecting the success of PCS pregnant women with vaginal delivery .It can provide a moderate diagnostic efficacy for PCS pregnant women

  8. Effect of Social Factors Cesarean Section on Parturient and Infant%社会因素剖宫产对母婴的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彩芬; 李媛枫; 刘霞

    2002-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of social factors cesarean section on parturient and infant.MethodsSelecting 126 cases of social factors cesarean section and dividing them into two groups in view regular uterine contraction,andtaking comparative analysis of situations of parturients and infants.Results Compared with group of irregular uterinecontraction,column of blood loss and newborn suffocation rate islower in the group of regular uterine contaction .ConclusionOn account of the high column of blood loss and suffocation rate caused by social factors cesarean section ,declining and banning it concerns safty and health of parturients and infants.

  9. Anesthesia of Obese Pregnant Women Undergoing Cesarean Section%肥胖孕妇行剖宫产术的麻醉问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丛慧

    2014-01-01

    With the development of social economy and the changing structure of diet, obesity has become a serious threat to human health, and pregnant women are no exception. This kind of patients face more risk and probability of abnormal conditions in the process of completing delivery.This article carries on an elaboration to the pathophysiology of obesity maternal cesarean section anesthesia, anesthetic selection, and perioperative complications to improve this kind of maternal cesarean section anesthesia.%随着社会经济的发展和饮食结构的变化,肥胖已经成为威胁人类健康的一大严重问题,孕妇也不例外。这类患者在分娩过程中,所面临的风险及出现异常情况导致严重并发症的几率大大超出体重正常范围内增加的产妇。文章对肥胖产妇行剖宫产术时麻醉的病理生理改变、麻醉方式的选择、围术期并发症等方面进行了阐述,以期全面探讨此类产妇的剖宫产麻醉问题。

  10. Effectiveness of Educational Program Based on the Theory of Reasoned Action to Decrease the Rate of Cesarean Delivery Among Pregnant Women in Fasa, Southern Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Khan-Jeihooni; Fatemeh Shahidi; Seyed Mansour Kashfi

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Cesarean section is considered as a major surgery accompanied by several complications. The present study aimed to determine the effect of educational intervention based on the theory of reasoned action to reduce the rate of cesarean section among pregnant women in Fasa, Southern Iran. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 100 (50 participants in each of the control and intervention groups) primiparous women in the third trimester of pregnancy...

  11. Application of Mini-abdominoplasty after Conservative Excision of Extensive Cesarean Scar Endometriosis

    OpenAIRE

    Eui Tai Lee1; Hyun Min Park; Dong Geun Lee1; Kyung Jin Shin1; Hak Soon Kim2; Ro Hyun Sung3; Dong Hee Ryu

    2012-01-01

    Endometriosis is defined as the presence of functioning endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity, and the standard treatment is extensive surgical excision. Cesarean scar endometriosis is a type of cutaneous endometriosis arising on or near a Cesarean section scar. A 44-year-old woman presented with a 9×6 cm sized dark-brown, stony-hard, irregular, lower abdominal mass of four years duration. The patient had a history of two Cesarean deliveries, 14 and 16 years ago. Suspecting endometrio...

  12. The Effect of Acupressure on Nausea and Vomiting after Cesarean Section Under Spinal Anesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heydar Noroozinia

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV is one of the most common postoperative complications. Aside from pharmacological interventions, other complementary healing modalities have been introduced to assist patients in decreasing PONV and improving postoperative outcomes. This study examined acupressure as a safe complement to the more traditional approach of using drugs to prevent and/or relieve nausea and vomiting in the Cesarean section (C/S under spinal anesthesia. In a prospective randomized clinical trial, 152 patients who were candidate for elective C/S under spinal anesthesia were evaluated in two groups (acupressure vs control groups. Subjects in the acupressure group received constant pressure by a specific wrist elastic band (without puncture of the skin on the Nei-Guan acupuncture point, 30 min prior to spinal anesthesia. The incidence of PONV was assessed during the surgery, at recovery room and at 1st, 2nd and 3rd two hours after the surgery. Significant differences in the incidence of the post-operative nausea and vomiting were found between the acupressure and control groups, with a reduction in the incidence rate of nausea from 35.5% to 13.2%. The amount of vomitus and the degree of discomfort were, respectively, less and lower in the study group. In view of the total absence of side-effects in acupressure, its application is worthy. Our study confirmed the effectiveness of acupressure in preventing post-operative nausea and vomiting, when applied 30 minutes prior to surgery

  13. Epidural anesthesia: A safe option for cesarean section in parturient with severe pulmonary hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, Sreyashi; Chatterjee, Sourav; Mazumder, Pinaki; Mukherji, Sudakshina

    2016-01-01

    Rheumatic heart disease is the most common cardiac disease complicating pregnancy in developing countries. Heart disease accounts for 15% pregnancy-related mortality. In the presence of maternal heart disease, the circulatory changes of pregnancy may result in exacerbation of the hemodynamic perturbations due to complex cardiac valvular lesions leading to decompensation or death of mother or fetus. Determining the ideal anesthetic technique for cesarean section in the presence of complex cardiac conditions remains a much debated topic. General anesthesia is associated with a further increase in pulmonary pressure in response to laryngoscopy and intubation along with myocardial depression by anesthetic agents. Neuraxial blockade may lead to decrease in systemic vascular resistance and cardiac output. We report the successful anesthetic management of a parturient suffering from rheumatic heart disease with multivalvular lesions resulting in severe pulmonary hypertension under epidural anesthesia with good maternal and neonatal outcome. Successful management requires vigilant perioperative monitoring and thorough knowledge of the hemodynamics of complex cardiac valvular disease. PMID:27433072

  14. 育龄期妇女选择剖宫产的影响因素分析%Analysis of the Factors Affecting the Choice of Cesarean Section in Women of Childbearing Age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄凯清

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze factors affected women of childbearing age choose cesarean section,in order to facilitate the implementation of targeted health education,improved the cognitive level of women of childbearing age on mode of delivery. Methods The mode of delivery by questionnaire in 2013 January to 2013 December in the district 8 home town hospital childbirth 1580 women of childbearing age were investigated,statistics of cesarean section rate and maternal selection causes of cesarean section. Results 1048 cases of cesarean section,520 cases of vaginal delivery,12 cases of vaginal delivery,cesarean section rate was 66. 33% ;the choice of caesarean birth mothers,higher education were significantly more than low education,occupation labor less significantly more than the amount of labor is more and more,more than 35 years old is significantly more than the following maternal maternal at the age of 35,the difference between maternal and early maternal less. Cesarean section and vaginal delivery on maternal and neonatal outcomes showed no statistical significance(P ﹥ 0. 05). Conclusion Occupation,age,culture and social factors causing midwifery skills in women of childbearing age is the important reason for the choice of cesarean section,to improve the professional level of the medical staff,the operation indications and rational control,is conducive to reducing the rate of cesarean section.%目的:分析育龄妇女选择剖宫产的影响因素,以利于实施针对性的健康教育,提高育龄妇女对分娩方式的认知水平。方法采用调查问卷对2013年1月至2013年12月于我区8家镇医院分娩的1580位育龄妇女的分娩方式进行调查,统计剖宫产率及产妇选择剖宫产的原因。结果1048例剖宫产,520例阴道分娩,12例阴道助产,剖宫产率达66.33%;选择剖宫产分娩的产妇中,高等教育者显著多于低等教育者,职业劳动量较少者显著多于劳动量较多者,超过35

  15. Changes in the Cesarean Section Rate in Korea (1982-2012) and a Review of the Associated Factors

    OpenAIRE

    Chung, Sung-Hoon; Seol, Hyun-Joo; Choi, Yong-Sung; Oh, Soo-young; Kim, Ahm; Bae, Chong-Woo

    2014-01-01

    Although Cesarean section (CS) itself has contributed to the reduction in maternal and perinatal mortality, an undue rise in the CS rate (CSR) has been issued in Korea as well as globally. The CSR in Korea increased over the past two decades, but has remained at approximately 36% since 2006. Contributing factors associated with the CSR in Korea were an improvement in socio-economic status, a higher maternal age, a rise in multiple pregnancies, and maternal obesity. We found that countries wit...

  16. Incidence of postpartum post-cesarean hysterectomy at the Institute of gynecology and obstetrics, Clinical center of Serbia, Belgrade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sparić Radmila

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Postpartum hysterectomy means hysterectomy at least 6 weeks after delivery or cesarean section. It is usually performed in life-threatening situations. Incidence of postpartum hysterectomy varies from 0.02% to 0.3% of total number of deliveries. Objective. The aim of this study was to show and compare the incidence of postpartum hysterectomy after the cesarean section at the Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinical Center of Serbia. We compared two five-year periods: the first period 1987-1982 and the second 2000-2004. Method. The retrospective study analyzed all patients treated at the Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics who had had hysterectomy until six weeks after vaginal delivery or cesarean section. We analyzed the number of deliveries and the number of postpartum hysterectomies. Results. There were 50,467 deliveries (3,542 cesarean sections and 91 postpartum hysterectomies (70 or 76.92% after cesarean section in the first period. In the second period, there were 34,035 deliveries (7,105 cesarean sections and 64 hysterectomies (39 or 60.94 % after cesarean section. The overall incidence of postpartum hysterectomy was 1.98/1,000 in the first and 1.88/1,000 deliveries in the second period. The incidence of post-cesarean hysterectomy decreased from 19.76/1,000 in the first period to 5.49/1,000 in the second period. Conclusion. It is crucial for each obstetrician to cautiously distinguish and reach an appropriate decision about the exact indications for cesarean delivery having in mind growing incidence of cesarean sections, which is the main risk factor for puerperal morbidity and mortality. .

  17. 定额付费对剖宫产率影响的实验研究%Experimental Research on the Impact of the Quota Payment on Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛红旗

    2012-01-01

    目的:当前剖宫产率过高已成为严重的公共卫生问题.通过该实验来验证定额付费对医院降低剖宫产率的作用,为新医改政策的落实提供实证依据.方法:对参合孕产妇住院分娩实行定额付费,即:不论平产、阴道助产、剖宫产均支付同等数额的住院费用.将定额付费作为实验因素,观察干预组与对照组、干预组实施前后剖宫产率、平均住院费用和死亡率等指标变化.结果:干预地区实施该方法后剖宫产率降低14.08个百分点,平均住院费用降低33.96%.结论:改革付费机制,可以有效改变医院的行为,达到降低剖宫产率、控制费用和提高医疗质量三重目的.%Objective: At present, the high cesarean section rate has become a serious public health problem. In order to decrease it, the research talks about the childbirth payment system reform in some of the fixed hospitals to bring some empirical references for the new health reform. Methods: The research explores to implement the quota payment of childbirth in some hospitals with New Rural Cooperative Medical System. No matter what kinds of child delivery, such as eutocia, vanigal delivery or cesarean section, all adopt designated hospitals, quota payment and compensation, should be charged in the same hospitalization expenses so that medical institutions would be able to reduce the cesarean section without indications to happen to reduce the cesarean section rate and control medical fee increase. Results: After the research, by comparing the data between the experimental and the control group, the cesarean section rate has decreased by 14.08%, and mean hospitalization cost decreased by 33.96%. Conclusion: The payment system reform can be more effective to reduce the cesarean section rate, to balance the interests of patients and hospital, and to increase medical quality.

  18. Twin pregnancy with HELLP syndrome complicated with acute renal failure for emergency cesarean section: An unusual case and its anesthetic management

    OpenAIRE

    Poonam S Ghodki; Singh, Noopur D.; Patil, Kalyani N.

    2013-01-01

    Acute renal failure is not common in pregnancy. However, the incidence rises when pregnancy is complicated with Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, Low Platelets (HELLP) syndrome, which itself is a rare occurrence. We had an unusual case of HELLP syndrome in twin pregnancy with deranged renal profile for emergency cesarean section. We report the case, its anesthetic management for emergency cesarean section, and perioperative supportive treatment for acute renal failure.

  19. Randomized comparison of effectiveness of unimodal opioid analgesia with multimodal analgesia in post–cesarean section pain management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeniji AO

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Adetunji Oladeni Adeniji,1 Oluseyi Olaboyede A Atanda21Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, NigeriaBackground: Postoperative pain leads to patient discomfort, decreased level of satisfaction, prolonged recovery, and higher health costs. Acute pain control therefore improves the overall quality of life in patients undergoing cesarean section. Pain relief is a fundamental human right, but there is no gold standard for post–cesarean section pain management.Objective: To compare the efficacy of pentazocine and tramadol used in unimodal and multimodal (in combination with piroxicam approach, in the management of post–cesarean section pain.Materials and methods: This study employed a random allocation design to compare the effectiveness of intramuscular pentazocine (60 mg or tramadol (100 mg as single analgesic agent and in combination with daily intramuscular piroxicam 20 mg, for the management of post–cesarean section pain during the immediate 12 hours after surgery. The primary outcome measure was control of postoperative pain, while the secondary outcome measures were the analgesic agent onset of action, duration of action, patient satisfaction, and maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes. Data obtained were entered into a predesigned sheet and analyzed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 17. Means ± standard deviation (SD were calculated for the quantitative variables, and the difference between two independent groups was compared using unpaired Student's t-test. The level of significance was set at 0.05.Results: A total of 120 patients were equally and randomly allocated to four study groups – two that received unimodal analgesia (the pentazocine group and the tramadol group and two that received multimodal analgesia (the pentazocine

  20. The short and long-term influence of cesarean delivery on maternal and child%剖宫产对母婴近远期的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王桂兰

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨剖宫产对母婴近远期的影响.方法 调查504例孕产妇的临床资料,随访至产后10年.并采用丹佛发育筛查测验(DDST)小儿智能发育筛查工具测查生后1岁小儿,学习能力评估测查工具测查学龄期儿童.结果 顺产组产妇在产后第1天的抑郁量表得分低于剖宫产组(t =16.54,P<0.05).顺产组的产时和产后并发症的发生概率均低于剖宫产组(x2 =4.62、4.17、14.62、6.37,均P<0.05).胆红素指数和Apgar评分≤7分的发生率顺产组均低于剖宫产组(t=23.62,x2=4.12,均P<0.05).调查产后10年自然分娩与剖宫产妇女,顺产组宫外孕、子宫内膜异位、继发性不孕、再次妊娠异常例数均显著低于对照组(x2 =1.57、6.78、4.35、4.26、7.34,均P<0.05).顺产组个人与社会、精细动作、语言能力、大运动发育情况均显著优于剖宫产组(x2=13.76、12.75、13.32、15.23,均P<0.05).顺产组过敏性哮喘、多动症、人际交流、社会适应能力差人数均显著低于剖宫产组(x2 =4.58、4.04、6.34,均P<0.05).结论 剖宫产对母儿近远期可产生不同程度影响,应采取有力措施降低剖宫产率,维护妇女儿童身心健康.%Objective To explore the short and long-term influence of cesarean delivery on maternal and child.Methods The clinical data of 504 cases of maternal postpartum were investigated,and followed up for 10 years.The 1-year-old children were given DDST of pediatric mental development screening investigation.The schoolage children were examined by the learning ability assessment and check measurement tools.Results The postpartum depression scale score in the first day of maternal eutocia group was significantly lower than that of the cesarean group (t =16.54,P < 0.05).The probability occurrence of intrapartum and postpartum complications of eutocia group were lower than those of cesarean group(x2 =4.62,4.17,14.62,6.37,all P < 0.05).The bilirubin index and the incidence of

  1. Evaluation of the Adequacy of General Anesthesia in Cesarean Section by Bispectral Index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayed Mohammad Reza Hadavi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Awareness and recall, though not common, are the major hazards of general anesthesia, especially in Cesarean section (C/S because of the absence of benzodiazepine and opioids for a significant time during anesthesia. In this study, the Bispectral Index (BIS, end-tidal isoflurane, and hemodynamic parameters were examined to evaluate the depth of the routine general anesthetic technique in C/S. Methods: This study was carried out on 60 parturient patients undergoing elective C/S. A standardized anesthetic technique was applied: induction with Thiopental (4-5 mg/kg and Succinylcholine (1.5-2 mg/kg as well as maintenance with O2, N2O, and isoflurane. Electrocardiogram, heart rate, blood pressure, Spo2, end-tidal isoflurane concentration, BIS, and any clinical signs of inadequate depth of anesthesia such as movement, sweating, lacrimation, coughing, and jerking were continuously monitored and recorded at 16 fixed time points during anesthesia. Results: A median BIS of less than 70 (range: 42-68 was obtained on all occasions during surgery; however, at each milestone, at least 20% of the patients had BIS values above 60. Hemodynamic parameters increased significantly in some patients, especially during laryngoscopy and intubation. No patient experienced recall or awareness. Conclusion: The currently used general anesthetic technique in our center appears inadequate in some milestones to reliably produce BIS values less than 60, which are associated with lower risk of awareness. Therefore, with respect to such desirable outcomes as good Apgar and clinical status in neonates, we would recommend the application of this method (if confirmed by further studies through larger dosages of anesthetic agents.

  2. Effects of Reiki on Post-cesarean Delivery Pain, Anxiety, and Hemodynamic Parameters: A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Midilli, Tulay Sagkal; Eser, Ismet

    2015-06-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Reiki on pain, anxiety, and hemodynamic parameters on postoperative days 1 and 2 in patients who had undergone cesarean delivery. The design of this study was a randomized, controlled clinical trial. The study took place between February and July 2011 in the Obstetrical Unit at Odemis Public Hospital in Izmir, Turkey. Ninety patients equalized by age and number of births were randomly assigned to either a Reiki group or a control group (a rest without treatment). Treatment applied to both groups in the first 24 and 48 hours after delivery for a total of 30 minutes to 10 identified regions of the body for 3 minutes each. Reiki was applied for 2 days once a day (in the first 24 and 48 hours) within 4-8 hours of the administration of standard analgesic, which was administered intravenously by a nurse. A visual analog scale and the State Anxiety Inventory were used to measure pain and anxiety. Hemodynamic parameters, including blood pressure (systolic and diastolic), pulse and breathing rates, and analgesic requirements also were recorded. Statistically significant differences in pain intensity (p = .000), anxiety value (p = .000), and breathing rate (p = .000) measured over time were found between the two groups. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in the time (p = .000) and number (p = .000) of analgesics needed after Reiki application and a rest without treatment. Results showed that Reiki application reduced the intensity of pain, the value of anxiety, and the breathing rate, as well as the need for and number of analgesics. However, it did not affect blood pressure or pulse rate. Reiki application as a nursing intervention is recommended as a pain and anxiety-relieving method in women after cesarean delivery. PMID:26025798

  3. Efficacy of trans abdominis plane block for post cesarean delivery analgesia: A double-blind, randomized trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uma Srivastava

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The transverse abdominis plane (TAP block, a regional block provides effective analgesia after lower abdominal surgeries if used as part of multimodal analgesia. In this prospective, randomized double-blind study, we determined the efficacy of TAP block in patients undergoing cesarean section. Materials and Methods: Totally, 62 parturients undergoing cesarean section were randomized in a double-blind manner to receive either bilateral TAP block at the end of surgery with 20 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine or no TAP block, in addition to standard analgesic comprising 75 mg diclofenac 8 hourly and intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA tramadol. Each patient was assessed at 0, 4, 8, 12, 24, 36, and 48 h after surgery by an independent observer for pain at rest and on movement using numeric rating scale of 0-10, time of 1 st demand for tramadol, total consumption of PCA tramadol, satisfaction with pain management and side effects. Results: Use of tramadol was reduced in patients given TAP block by 50% compared to patients given no block during 48 h after surgery (P < 0.001. Pain scores were lower both on rest and activity at each time point for 24 h in study group (P < 0.001, time of first analgesia was significantly longer, satisfaction was higher, and side effects were less in study group compared to control group. Conclusion: Transverse abdominis plane block was effective in providing analgesia with a substantial reduction in tramadol use during 48 h after cesarean section when used as adjunctive to standard analgesia.

  4. The Dose-response of Intrathecal Ropivacaine Co-administered with Sufentanil for Cesarean Delivery under Combined Spinal-epidural Anesthesia in Patients with Scarred Uterus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei Xiao; Wen-Ping Xu; Yin-Fa Zhang; Lin Liu; Xia Liu; Li-Zhong Wang

    2015-01-01

    Background:Spinal anesthesia is considered as a reasonable anesthetic option in lower abdominal and lower limb surgery.This study was to determine the dose-response of intrathecal ropivacaine in patients with scarred uterus undergoing cesarean delivery under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia.Methods:Seventy-five patients with scarred uterus undergoing elective cesarean delivery under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia were enrolled in this randomized,double-blinded,dose-ranging study.Patients received 6,8,10,12,or 14 mg intrathecal hyperbaric ropivacaine with 5 μg sufentanil.Successful spinal anesthesia was defined as a T4 sensory level achieved with no need for epidural supplementation.The 50% effective dose (ED50) and 95% effective dose (ED95) were calculated with a logistic regression model.Results:ED50 and ED95 ofintrathecal hyperbaric ropivacaine for patients with scarred uterus undergoing cesarean delivery under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA) were 8.28 mg (95% confidence interval [CI]:2.28-9.83 mg) and 12.24 mg (95% CI:10.53-21.88 mg),respectively.Conclusion:When a CSEA technique is to use in patients with scarred uterus for an elective cesarean delivery,the ED50 and ED95 of intrathecal hyperbaric ropivacaine along with 5 μg sufentanil were 8.28 mg and 12.24 mg,respectively.In addition,this local anesthetic is unsuitable for emergent cesarean delivery,but it has advantages for ambulatory patients.

  5. Influence of mode of delivery at term on the neonatal respiratory morbidity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Respiratory morbidity is an important complication of elective cesarean section. Our objective was to find out the incidence of respiratory distress in term neonates delivered by elective cesarean section and compare it with neonates delivered vaginally. We evaluated one thousands infants delivered by elective cesarean section and normal vaginal delivery for respiratory distress. Among 500 cesarean done, 27 (5.4%) neonates had respiratory distress and among 500 vaginal delivery infants, 8(1.6%) developed respiratory Distress (P<0.001). The odd ratio for neonatal respiratory distress was 3.38, almost threefold higher in cesarean section group than those delivered vaginally. (author)

  6. 心理护理在剖宫产手术中的应用评价%Evaluation of the application of psychological nursing in cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨英杰

    2015-01-01

    目的 讨论并分析在对剖宫产手术中引入心理护理的效果.方法 选取我院2011年8月~2012年6月收治的实施剖宫产的50例孕妇作为研究对象,随机分成观察组和对照组,对照组行常规护理,观察组患者在常规护理的基础上辅以心理护理,对两组孕妇的护理效果及基本情况进行分析和对比.结果 两组孕妇在产后恢复状况及护理满意度比较,观察组均优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 对剖宫产患者行心理护理能够在一定程度提高产妇的恢复速度及护理满意度.%Objective To discussion and analysis on cesarean section surgery through introduction of the effect of psychological nursing.Methods Selection from August 2011 to June 2012 treated during the implementation of the cesarean delivery of 50 cases as the research object, takes the way of randomized patients were divided into observation group and control group on average, the control group patients with routine nursing care, observation group of patients on the basis of conventional nursing with psychological nursing, nursing effect and the basic condition of two groups of patients were analyzed and compared.Results Two groups of patients in maternal recovery and nursing satisfaction comparison, observation group were better than control group ,the difference was statistically signiifcant (P<0.05). Conclusion Line of psychological nursing in patients with cesarean delivery to a certain degree of improving maternal recovery rate and nursing satisfaction.

  7. Investigation on the comprehensive intervention measures to reduce cesarean section rate%探讨降低剖宫产率的综合干预措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟柳

    2016-01-01

    目的:分析综合干预措施降低剖宫产率的效果。方法选取在焦作市妇幼保健院分娩的孕妇共316例为研究对象,随机分为观察组和对照组,每组158例,孕12~18周时建卡,对照组进行常规定期孕检和健康知识指导,观察组进行综合干预措施,包括:孕期知识讲座、定期孕检、孕期心理指导、孕期锻炼、产程指导等。对比分析两组的剖宫产影响因素、剖宫产率以及妊娠相关并发症情况。结果在剖宫产影响因素方面,孕方要求剖宫产、产程异常、胎儿窘迫、及妊娠相关并发症所占比例方面对比差异有统计学意义(P0.05),观察组剖宫产率为32.3%(51/158),对照组剖宫产率为63.3%(100/158),两组对比差异有统计学意义(P0. 05). The observation group of cesarean delivery rate was 32. 3% (51/158), the control group the cesarean delivery rate was 63. 3%(100/158), and they are significantly different (P<0. 05). Conclusions For maternal by prenatal comprehensive inter-vention measures, strictly regulate antenatal examination, pregnancy knowledge lecture psychological guidance, exercise during pregnancy and labor guidance can effectively reduce the cesarean section rate, and can also effectively reduce the complications related to pregnancy, so it is worthy of clinical popularization and application.

  8. 我院2010~2014年剖宫产指征前6位因素综合分析%A Comprehensive Analysis of The First Sixth Factors of Cesarean Section in Our Hospital From 2010 to 2014

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊蓉

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨近几年我院剖宫产率及剖宫产指征的变化情况,寻找安全有效的降低剖宫产率的方法。方法对2010~2014年在本院分娩的孕产妇临床资料进行回顾性分析。结果剖宫产率逐年下降,新生儿窒息率差异无统计学意义。计划生育政策因素导致的疤痕子宫剖宫产成为第一剖宫产因素。结论加强围生期保健的宣教,重点控制胎儿体重;严格掌握第一产剖宫产指征;对孕妇给予导乐、分娩镇痛等人文关怀,提高产科质量,从而降低剖宫产率。%ObjectiveTo investigate the changes of recent years, our hospital cesarean section rate and indications of cesarean section, look for a safe and efective method of reducing the rate of cesarean section. MethodsFor 2010 to 2014 in our hospital delivery of maternal clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results Declining rate of caesarean section, neonatal asphyxia was no significant diference. Uterine scar cesarean birth control policy factors leading to become the first cesarean factor.ConclusionStrengthening perinatal health education, focusing on fetal weight control; strict control of the first stage of cesarean section,pregnant women give doula, childbirth analgesic humane care, improve the quality of obstetric, thereby reducing the rate of cesarean section.

  9. ANALYSIS ON THE MAIN FACTORS OF INCREASING CESAREAN SECTION RATE IN LAST 6 YEARS%6年剖宫产手术指征变迁因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘翠金

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To analyze the main factors of increasing cesarean section rate in recent 6 years, and to seek concrete measures to reduce the rate. [Methods] From 2001 to 2006, all cases of cesarean section in our hospital were analyzed on the composition and sequence of the main surgical indications by retrospective analysis. [Results]① Cesarean section rate increased year by year; ② Changes in the main factors included: the iincrease of cesarean delivery rate, social factors, oligohydramnios, huge children; and the decrease of fetal distress and the relative cephalopelvic disproportion; few change in fetal abnormalities, pregnancy after cesarean section and narrow pelvis. [Conclusion] Social factors are the main factor about the high cesarean section rate, and the rate must be reduced by full support from the whole society.%[目的]剖析近6年剖宫产率逐步升高的主要影响因素.为寻求降低剖宫产率的具体措施提供依据.[方法]对2001~2006年间某院剖宫产病例的主要手术指征的构成比及主要排序的变化进行回颐性分析.[结果]①剖宫产率呈逐年上升趋势;②剖官产主要手术指征的变迁因素:剖宫产构成比中,社会因素、羊水过少、巨大儿有显著升高;胎儿窘迫、相对头盆不称有所下降;胎位异常、剖宫产再孕、骨盆狭窄变化不大.[结论]社会因素是造成剖宫产率居高不下的主要因素,要降低社会因素造成的剖官产率必须全社会给予大力支持.

  10. 剖宫产产妇的产后护理体会%Nursing experience on postpartum of cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    羊静

    2015-01-01

    目的:总结剖宫产产妇的产后护理体会。方法:收治行剖宫产手术产妇58例,按照随机数表法分为针对性护理组30例和常规护理组28例,比较两组护理效果。结果:与常规护理组比较,针对性护理组产妇SAS和SDS评分更低、护理结果更优,P<0.05。结论:对剖宫产产妇给予产后针对性护理,产妇抑郁、焦虑情绪得到缓解,产后身体状况恢复快。%Objective:To summarize the experience of nursing after cesarean section.Methods:58 maternal after cesarean section were selected.They were randomly divided into the nursing group with 30 cases and the routine nursing group with 28 cases,then we compared the nursing effects between the two groups.Results:Compared with the conventional nursing group,the SAS and SDS score of the targeted nursing group were lower,and the nursing results was better,P<0.05.Conclusion:Targeted nursing on maternal after cesarean section can help them reliefed from depression and anxiety,and it also can recover postpartum health.

  11. Does preoperative gabapentin affects the characteristics of post-dural puncture headache in parturients undergoing cesarean section with spinal anesthesia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walid Hamed Nofal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Gabapentin is effective for treating different types of headache including post-dural puncture headache (PDPH, also used for prophylaxis against migraine. We studied the effect of pre-operative administration of gabapentin on the characteristics of PDPH in parturients undergoing cesarean section (CS under spinal anesthesia. Materials and Methods: Women undergoing elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia were randomized to receive preoperative gabapentin 600 mg or placebo. Spinal anesthesia was achieved with 12.5 mg hyperbaric bupivacaine plus 25 μg fentanyl. Babies were followed up by Apgar scores, umbilical artery blood gases, breastfeeding difficulties, and need for NICU admission. The mothers were followed up for any side-effects of gabapentin for 24 h. Patients with PDPH were re-admitted and onset and duration of the headache were reported and severity was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS for 4 days from diagnosis. Paracetamol with caffeine and diclofenac were given for treatment, and the doses were adjusted according to VAS; also number of doses given for each group was recorded. Results: Eighty eight patients were randomized, and 2 were excluded. The incidence of headache and co-existing symptoms were similar in both groups. The onset of headache was significantly delayed in gabapentin group (P < 0.05. Also, severity and duration of headache were significantly less in gabapentin group (P < 0.05. The incidence of sedation was more in gabapentin group 11 (26.19% versus placebo group 3 (6.81%. Neonatal outcomes were statistically insignificant between both groups. Conclusion: Pre-operative administration of gabapentin has no effect on incidence of (PDPH but delays its onset and reduces its severity and duration in parturients undergoing cesarean section with spinal anesthesia without significant adverse effects on the mother or the baby.

  12. Comparison of metaraminol, phenylephrine and ephedrine in prophylaxis and treatment of hypotension in cesarean section under spinal anesthesia

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    Fábio Farias de Aragão

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Maternal hypotension is a common complication after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section, with deleterious effects on the fetus and mother. Among the strategies aimed at minimizing the effects of hypotension, vasopressor administration is the most efficient. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of phenylephrine, metaraminol, and ephedrine in the prevention and treatment of hypotension after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section. Ninety pregnant women, not in labor, undergoing cesarean section were randomized into three groups to receive a bolus followed by continuous infusion of vasopressor as follows: phenylephrine group (50 μg + 50 μg/min; metaraminol group (0.25 mg + 0.25 mg/min; ephedrine group (4 mg + 4 mg/min. Infusion dose was doubled when systolic blood pressure decreased to 80% of baseline and a bolus was given when systolic blood pressure decreased below 80%. The infusion dose was divided in half when systolic blood pressure increased to 120% and was stopped when it became higher. The incidence of hypotension, nausea and vomiting, reactive hypertension, bradycardia, tachycardia, Apgar scores, and arterial cord blood gases were assessed at the 1st and 5th minutes. There was no difference in the incidence of hypotension, bradycardia, reactive hypertension, infusion discontinuation, atropine administration or Apgar scores. Rescue boluses were higher only in the ephedrine group compared to metaraminol group. The incidence of nausea and vomiting and fetal acidosis were greater in the ephedrine group. The three drugs were effective in preventing hypotension; however, fetal effects were more frequent in the ephedrine group, although transient.

  13. Evaluation of the Effect of Intravenous Lidocaein Infusion on Postoperative Analgesia after Cesarean Section under Spinal Anesthesia

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    M. H. Bakhshaei

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Many surgical patients still experience moderate to severe pain after surgery despite efforts to administer new drugs and techniques. Postoperative analgesia clearly enhances patient’s satisfaction and facilitates earlier mobilization and rehabilitation. lidocaein has been introduced as part of post operative pain management and clinical studies revealed analgesic actions in patients with chronic neuropathic pain. Our goal in this study was to determine the effect of intravenous lidocaein on post operative pain of women under-going cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. Materials & Methods: In this double blinded clinical trial study, 72 patients candidate for Ce-sarean section under spinal anesthesia were randomly selected and divided in two groups. In the case group, infusion of1.5 mg/kg lidocaein and in the control group infusion of the same volume normal saline started 15 minutes before the beginning of operation. After spinal anes-thesia with definite technique in both groups, infusion of 1.5 mg/kg/h lidocaein in case group and the same volume normal saline in the control group was administered and continued till 0.5 hour after finishing the operation. Data including systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, analgesic score according VAS and using of analgesic drugs were recorded during 24 hours after the operation. Results: Pain intensity according to VAS score in the time 2,6,12 hours post operation were significantly lower in the case group ( P2= 0.05, P6 = 0.01, P12= 0.05 .Analgesic consumption in form of suppository & IV,24 hours after surgery, was significantly lower in the case group.(P=0.001. Conclusion: Lidocaein infusion can decrease pain intensity & analgesic consumption after ce-sarean section under spinal anesthesia. (Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2013; 20 (1:9-14

  14. Treatment Progress of Shivering after Cesarean Section%剖宫产手术寒战的治疗进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦玫(综述); 薛兴(审校)

    2015-01-01

    Shivering after cesarean section is one of the most serious postoperative complications causing hyoxemia,myocardial ischemia,increased intracranial pressure and even influences uterine contraction and increases postoperative infection.Shivering after cesarean section is generally reported to be related to anes-thesia approach,intraoperative medication,temperature and state of the pregnant women.Here makes a brief summary on the prevention and treatment of shivering after cesarean section,including dispelling tension of the pregnant,physical therapy and medication,and the advantages and disadvantages of each medicine are summarized in detail.%寒战是剖宫产术后常见的并发症之一。其发生可能与麻醉方式、术中用药、温度及孕妇自身因素等有关。寒战可以使机体的耗氧量成倍增加,导致低氧血症、心肌缺血的发生,严重者可使颅内压增高,甚至影响子宫收缩及使术后切口感染率增加。该文就目前剖宫产手术寒战的预防和治疗进展予以综述,探讨了预防和治疗寒战时所使用的心理安慰、物理保温及药物治疗等手段,并重点阐述了药物治疗中各类药物的优缺点。

  15. Pitfall in Ultrasound Evaluation of Uterine Scar from Prior Preterm Cesarean Section

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    Sarah-Maude B. Laflamme

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available We report two cases of women with a previous cesarean performed before active labor at 29 weeks of gestation who underwent sonographic measurement of the lower uterine segment (LUS at 36 weeks' gestation in their subsequent pregnancy. In both cases, uterine scar defect was detected on the upper part of the LUS, at ~9 to 11 cm from the cervical os, and was only visualized by the transabdominal approach. We suggest that early gestational age and the absence of labor at previous cesarean can lead to a higher uterine scar location on the LUS and, therefore, increase the risk of uterine rupture in subsequent pregnancy. The heterogeneity of uterine scar location could explain discrepancies observed in studies using the transabdominal versus the transvaginal approach or both regarding the predictive value of LUS measurements for uterine rupture.

  16. Necrotizing fasciitis of anterior abdominal wall following cesarean section in a low-risk patient

    OpenAIRE

    Chhetry, Manisha; Banerjee, Basudeb; Subedi, Shanti; Koirala, Ashok

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of a mono-microbial post-cesarean necrotizing fasciitis caused by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, in a low-risk healthy woman who presented with acute fulminant infection, sepsis and features of multi-organ dysfunction syndrome on sixth post-operative day. Aggressive management with multiple surgical debridement and supportive therapy was the key to favorable outcome in this case.

  17. 早期干预对剖宫产产妇母乳喂养自我效能的影响%Effect of Early Intervention on Cesarean Section Maternal Breastfeeding Self-efficacy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵赞利; 曾娟

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the factors of early intervention after cesarean section on the ef ects of maternal breastfeeding self-ef icacy. Methods Using the questionnaire form to our hospital 290 primiparas were investigated,through "the breastfeeding self ef icacy scale (Chinese version)" (BSES) assessment of maternal self-ef icacy, whether there is difference between vaginal delivery and cesarean section. At the same time through self-designed maternal postpartum questionnaire, analysis the factors of maternal breastfeeding self-ef icacy influence of cesarean section. Results The experimental group of maternal breastfeeding self-ef icacy is higher than that of control group. Conclusion Cesarean section maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy than vaginal delivery; the main influence factors after cesarean section maternal breastfeeding self-ef icacy has the appetite is good or bad, since that insuf icient milk and sleep time.%目的探讨早期干预对剖宫产术后影响产妇母乳喂养自我效能的因素。方法采用调查问卷的形式对我院290例初产妇进行调查,通过叶母乳喂养自信心量表(中文版)》(BSES)评估产妇的自我效能,比较阴道分娩产妇与剖宫产产妇是否存在差异。同时通过自行设计的产妇产后情况调查表,分析影响剖宫产产妇母乳喂养自我效能的因素。结果实验组产妇母乳喂养自我效能高于对照组。结论剖宫产产妇母乳喂养自我效能低于阴道分娩产妇;剖宫产术后产妇母乳喂养自我效能的主要影响因素有食欲的好坏、自认为乳汁不足及睡眠时间。

  18. OUTCOME OF CHILDREN AT 1-2 YEARS AND MATERNAL MORB IDITY AFTER CESAREAN SECTION VS VAGINAL BIRTH FOR BREECH PRESENTATION AT OR NEAR TERM

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    Jyoti Ramesh

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Back ground: In 2000 an international multicentric randomized co ntrol trial of planned vaginal delivery vs planned elective caesarea n section for uncomplicated term breech presentation confirmed that perinatal mortality and s erious neonatal morbidity were significantly lower in planned caesarean group. Seco ndary analysis of Term Breech Trial showed that prelabour caesarean and caesarean during early labour were associated with lowest adverse perinatal outcome due to labour or de livery and that vaginal delivery had the highest risk of adverse outcome AIMS: The purpose of this study is to determine the outco me of children at 1-2 years and maternal morbidity after caesarean section vs. vaginal birth for breech presentation at or near term. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective observational study from 1 st January 2008-30 th June 2009( 18 months at Institute of Maternal & Child Health , Govt. Medical College Kozhikode. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Outcome of 45 assisted breech deliveries during this period analyzed from case rec ords. 90 Cesarean deliveries during the same period randomly selected as control. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Data analyzed using SPSS version 16.0.Chi square test was used to compare the outcome. A p value <0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance. RESULTS : Vaginal delivery group- Five minute Apgar <7 (p=0.019, NICU admission (p=0.00001(RR 4.71 , 95% CI 2.33 to 9.91,Neonatal morbidity (p=0.012RR 2.627,95% CI 1.216 to 5.678 , Prolonged hospitalisation (p=0.005 RR = 2.962 ,95% CI 1.354 to 6.478 statistically signific ant in vaginal delivery group .Caesarean Section group-Elective 30(33.3% Emergency 60(66.6% Neonatal complication( p=0.03 RR=2.57 ,95% CI 1.06 to 6.2, NICU admission ( p=0.01 3 RR=2.86 ,95% CI 1.21 to 6.76. were statistically significant in elective section grou p Maternal morbidity was not associated with type of CS p=0.2 RR = 1.39 ,95% CI 0.447 to 4.307. However the perinatal mortality was

  19. 改良新式剖宫产术与腹膜外剖宫产术手术方式的探讨%Comparison of new method of cesarean section with the extra peritoneum cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田家娟; 赵树旺

    2006-01-01

    目的:比较改良新式剖宫产术(modified cesarean section)与腹膜外剖宫产术(extra peritoneum cesarean section).方法:观察40例改良新式剖宫产与30例腹膜外剖宫产孕妇.新方法包括:使用Joel Cohen方法开腹,不缝合膀胱腹膜反折与腹膜,一层缝合子宫下段切口,腹壁脂肪层自然对合.结果:观察组胎儿娩出的平均时间为(5±3)min,对照组为(10±4)min,P0.05.结论:改良新式剖宫产术具有缩短胎儿娩出时间、出血少、创伤小、术后疼痛轻、恢复快、减少住院时间等优点,值得推广.

  20. Relationship Between Myometrium Closure Methods and the Incidence of Cesarean Scar Defect in Cesarean Section%剖宫产子宫切口缝合术式与子宫切口假腔的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游一平; 阳笑; 唐雅兵; 靳晓丹

    2013-01-01

    [目的]探讨剖宫产子宫切口缝合术式与子宫切口假腔(cesarean scar defect)发生的关系.[方法]应用阴道四维B超观察改良新式剖宫产中“连续套锁缝合(continuous lock catch suture)”及“连续单层缝合(Continuous single-layer closure)”在子宫切口缝合后患者子宫切口假腔发生的情况(阴道B超追踪术后4d、42 d、1年、2年子宫切口情况).计算切口假腔的发生率.[结果]行“连续单层缝合”子宫切口的患者,子宫切口假腔发生率显著低于行“连续套锁缝合”子宫切口的患者(2.74% vs 6.76%,P<0.05).[结论]子宫切口假腔的发生与子宫切口缝合术式相关,“连续单层缝合”子宫切口的缝合术式可有效降低子宫切口假腔的发生.%[Objective] To explore the relationship between myometrium closure methods and the incidence of cesarean scar defect. [Methods] Transvaginal B-ultrasound scan was used to observe the incidence of cesarean scar defect after continuous lock catch suture or continuous single-layer closure in modified new cesarean section. Uterine incision condition at 4d, 42d, 1 year and 2 years after the operation was followed up by using transvaginal B-ultrasound scan. The incidence of cesarean scar defect was calculated. [Results] The incidence of cesarean scar defect in patients undergoing continuous single-layer closure of myometrium was significantly lower than that in patients undergoing continuous lock catch closure of myometrium. [Conclusion] The incidence of cesarean scar defect is related with myometrium closure methods. Continuous single-layer closure can effectively decrease the incidence of cesarean scar defect.

  1. Cesarean Section and Subsequent Stillbirth, Is Confounding by Indication Responsible for the Apparent Association? An Updated Cohort Analysis of a Large Perinatal Database.

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    Stephen Wood

    Full Text Available Several studies and a recent meta-analysis have suggested that previous Cesarean section may increase the risk of stillbirth in a subsequent pregnancy. Given the high rates of Cesarean section in contemporary obstetric practice, this is of considerable public health importance. We sought to evaluate the potential that this association is the result of residual confounding bias.A large perinatal database (Alberta Perinatal Health Project was searched to identify a matched set of first and second births from the years 1992-2006. Data on pregnancy outcomes, demographics and potential confounding factors were obtained.The cohort was comprised of 98538 matched first and second births. Multivariate analysis did not reveal an association between previous Cesarean section and stillbirth, OR = 1.38 (0.98, 1.93. Restricting the analysis to a low risk group further attenuated the association, OR = .99 (0.62, 1.52. Analysis of the risk by indication for Cesarean section found that the risk was not increased for previous dystocia, OR = .91 (0.53, 1.55 nor for breech presentation, OR = 1.06 (0.50, 2.28 but only for other indications including non reassuring fetal status and fetal distress, OR = 1.96 (1.29, 2.98.The results of our cohort analysis suggest that previous Cesarean section does not cause an increased risk of stillbirth.

  2. 剖宫产术后再次妊娠分娩方式的临床分析%Clinical analysis on delivery mode of patients with prior cesarean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静; 吴雄辉; 林进; 陈雪芳; 吴岸晓

    2010-01-01

    Objective For further exploration on the delivery mode of patients who have certain prior cesarean sections.Methods 380cases of re-pregnant women from our hospital who were analyzed retrospectively on delivery mode and delivery effects, cheek the thickness of lower pare uterus sear by ultrasonic during late pregnancy.Results 350 cases were chosen to be given cesarean sections and 350 cases section primary cesarean section(PCS) as a comparison, we have analyzed the operations to have such a result: time >60 rain and operation bleed> 400 ml ,this data was statistically distinct between these two groups(P 0.05) Conclusion Most of the patients with prior cesarean sections could deliver safely through vaginal labour as long as the indication and contraindication of vaginal labour could be inspected strictly and intensively.%目的 探讨剖宫产术后再次妊娠的分娩方式.方法 对380例剖宫产术后再次妊娠的孕妇,妊娠晚期用超声检查子宫下段疤痕厚度,选择分娩方式及分娩结局进行回顾性分析.结果 380例前次剖宫产孕妇中350例再次剖宫产,手术产率92.1%,其中无手术指征者235例,占67.1%.阴道试产40例,试产成功30例,占7.9%,试产成功率75%.试产中出现先兆子宫破裂1例改行剖宫产手术,无子宫破裂发生.RCS组与PCS组产妇不同指标比较RCS组产妇术中出血>400ml 55例,手术时间>60min90例;PCS组产妇术中出血>400ml15例,手术时间>60min 10例,比较差异有显著性(P<0.05).结论 严格掌握阴道试产的适应证和禁忌证,严密观察产程,剖宫产术后再次妊娠者可经阴道安全分娩.

  3. [Non elective cesarean section: use of a color code to optimize management of obstetric emergencies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudigoz, René-Charles; Huissoud, Cyril; Delecour, Lisa; Thevenet, Simone; Dupont, Corinne

    2014-06-01

    The medical team of the Croix Rousse teaching hospital maternity unit has developed, over the last ten years, a set of procedures designed to respond to various emergency situations necessitating Caesarean section. Using the Lucas classification, we have defined as precisely as possible the degree of urgency of Caesarian sections. We have established specific protocols for the implementation of urgent and very urgent Caesarean section and have chosen a simple means to convey the degree of urgency to all team members, namely a color code system (red, orange and green). We have set time goals from decision to delivery: 15 minutes for the red code and 30 minutes for the orange code. The results seem very positive: The frequency of urgent and very urgent Caesareans has fallen over time, from 6.1 % to 1.6% in 2013. The average time from decision to delivery is 11 minutes for code red Caesareans and 21 minutes for code orange Caesareans. These time goals are now achieved in 95% of cases. Organizational and anesthetic difficulties are the main causes of delays. The indications for red and orange code Caesarians are appropriate more than two times out of three. Perinatal outcomes are generally favorable, code red Caesarians being life-saving in 15% of cases. No increase in maternal complications has been observed. In sum: Each obstetric department should have its own protocols for handling urgent and very urgent Caesarean sections. Continuous monitoring of their implementation, relevance and results should be conducted Management of extreme urgency must be integrated into the management of patients with identified risks (scarred uterus and twin pregnancies for example), and also in structures without medical facilities (birthing centers). Obstetric teams must keep in mind that implementation of these protocols in no way dispenses with close monitoring of labour. PMID:26983190

  4. Comparing Propofol with Sodium Thiopental on Neonatal Apgar Score after Elective Cesarean Section

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    Mohammad Mehdi Dadras

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The Apgar score (Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, and Respiration of newborn babies immediately after birth is a determining factor involved with mortality of newborns after birth. Regarding the disagreement on advantages and possible disadvantages of propofol rather thiopental in the available references, the study was triggered with the aim of analyzing effects of two mentioned drugs on babies’ apgar score, mothers’ nausea, vomit and time necessary for mothers’ recovery. Materials and Methods: In this double-blind clinical trial, a total of 230 healthy women who were volunteered to undertake cesarean operation were selected and then divided randomly into two equal groups using statistical blocking. One group was treated by propofol while other one was treated by thiopental. The prescribed drugs for both groups were identical except the anesthesia induction drug. Babies’ Apgar score 1 and 5 minutes after birth and recovery period, mothers’ nausea and vomiting after operation were recorded. Results: Apgar score I minute 1 (p=0.041 and apgar score in minute 5 (p=0.034 for propofol group were meaningfully higher than those for thiopental group. Recovery time from anesthesia was not different meaningfully in two groups (p=0.67. Statistical analysis of nausea and vomit in both groups showed that they are lower in propofol group rather thiopental group (p=0.028.Conclusion: It seems that in cesarean operations, after sufficient fluid therapy, propofol can be a proper drug to achieve anesthesia. Moreover it exerts less impact on cesarean babies’ apgar and stimulates lower levels of nausea and vomiting in mothers.

  5. 2011-2012年海南省临高县中医院剖宫产率影响因素分析%Investigation on the cesarean section rate of puerperants in Hainan Lingao hospital from 2011 to 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈克芳

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析研究2011至2012年临高县中医院的剖宫产率,并探讨其相关影响因素。方法选取2011年1月至2012年12月该院2248例产妇为研究对象,对其分娩方式进行分析研究,比较不同病理性因素及非病理性因素者的剖宫产率。结果2248例产妇中共有428例剖宫产,剖宫产率为19.04%,其中存在胎儿宫内窘迫、胎位异常、妊娠期并发症、巨大儿的产妇剖宫产率高于其他产妇,低文化程度、高体质量指数、低社会支持程度及初产妇的剖宫产率高于其他产妇,且其均与剖宫产有密切关系(均P<0.05)。结论2011至2012年该院剖宫产率控制相对较好,且其中病理性及非病理性因素均相对较多,应给予针对性干预。%ObjectiveTo analyze and study the cesarean section rate of puerperants in our hospital from 2011 to 2012,and investigate the related influence factors.Methods2248 puerperants in our hospital from January 2011 to December 2012 were selected as research object,and the delivery mode of all the puerperants were analyzed and studied,then the cesarean section rate of puerperants with different pathological factors and non-pathological factors were analyzed and compared.Results428 cases of 2248 puerperants were with cesarean section,the cesarean section rate was 19.04%,and the cesarean section rate of puerperants with fetal distress,abnormal fetal position,pregnancy complications and giant baby were higher than those of other puerperants,the cesarean section rate of lower education degree,higher BMI,lower social support degree and primiparas were higher than those of other puerperants,and those factors all had closed correction to the cesarean section,allP<0.05,there were all significant differences.ConclusionThe cesarean section rate of puerperants in our hospital from 2011 to 2012 is well controlled,and the pathological factors and non-pathological factors are both more,so they should be paid to

  6. 剖宫产术中寒战护理研究进展%The progress of nursing research on shivering during cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁丽珠

    2015-01-01

    剖宫产产妇术中发生寒战严重影响产妇的呼吸、心脏、血液系统,影响产妇术后的康复。本研究探讨产妇发生术后寒战的影响因素,对目前剖宫产术中寒战护理的研究现状进行综述。%Shivering during cesarean section will seriously influnce the respiratory,heart and blood system of maternal,and also influence their postoperative rehabilitation.In this study we explored the factors of shivering during cesarean section,and summarized the progress of nursing research on shivering during cesarean section.

  7. An operation for evangelization: Friar Francisco González Laguna, the cesarean section, and fetal baptism in late colonial Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Adam

    2009-01-01

    By publishing a medical-theological treatise in 1781, Friar Francisco González Laguna of Lima initiated a campaign to train Andean priests to perform postmortem cesarean sections for the purpose of baptizing the fetus. Linking González Laguna's text to European works on cesarean sections and Peruvian decrees ordering priests to train in surgery, this paper argues the friar saw the operation's utility as extending beyond saving unborn souls. Writing in the aftermath of indigenous and peasant uprisings, he argued the procedure constituted a tool for defeating the devil's presence in the Andes and carrying out evangelization, teaching parishioners by pious example. PMID:20061669

  8. Related Factors of Elective Cesarean Section: A Case-Control Study%选择性剖宫产的相关因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳芳; 李越游; 林黛

    2010-01-01

    目的 总结广州市番禺区妇幼保健院在过去十年剖宫产率的变化和趋势,分析2009年该院病人相关的和医师相关的因素与选择性剖宫产的关系.方法 这是一个病例对照研究,病例是应病人自己要求或手术指征不明确的选择性剖宫产分娩的妇女,对照则是有明确手术指征的剖宫产分娩妇女.PS power软件用于计算样本量,通过分层随机抽样的方法,在4176个2009年住院分娩的病历中随机抽取709个总样本(其中病例数是348个,对照是361个).通过病历回顾,收集所有与病人相关的及与医生相关的非医学因素.采用SPSS 16.0软件进行数据处理,运用卡方检验和Logistic回归方程进行检测.结果 该院的剖宫产率从2000年的41.8%到2009年的59.9%,总体呈一个线性的提高.选择性剖宫产更多发生在正常上班时间,产检次数越多的病人越容易在无手术指征的情况下选择剖宫产.结论 在本研究人群中,产科医师的偏好影响病人对剖宫产的选择,医师便利及害怕医疗纠纷可能是医师选择治疗方式的主要驱动因素.因此,选择性剖宫产率的控制措施应更侧重于改变医师的行为模式,而不仅仅是患者教育.%Objective To summarize the trend of CSR at a district public hospital in Guangzhou in the past decade and to identify patient and physician-related factors for elective cesarean section in 2009.Methods This was a case-control study. All available non-medical risk factors were collected from inpatient medical records. PS power software was used to calculate sample size. Cases were women who underwent Cesarean delivery at maternal recquest or for unclear obstetric indication and controls were women who underwent Cesarean delivery with one or more medical indications. A total sample size of 709 (348 cases and 361 controls) was obtained via stratified random sampling from 4176 in-patient delivery records in 2009.Risk factors for CS were examined

  9. Clinical research of 70 cases of myomactomy performed during cesarean section%剖宫产术同期行子宫肌瘤剔除术70例临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董英

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨妊娠合并子宫肌瘤在剖宫产术中同时行肌瘤剔除术的可行性及安全性.方法:回顾性分析2006年2月~2010年1月我院收治的70例妊娠合并子宫肌瘤在剖宫产术时同期行肌瘤剔除术的患者,并与70例妊娠单纯剖宫产术患者的临床资料作对比.结果:剖宫产术时同期行肌瘤剔除术组手术时间较对照组延长(P<0.05).但两组平均术中估算出血量、产后48 h出血量、术后血红蛋白下降值、术后并发症、术后肠蠕动恢复时间、手术切口愈合时间等观察指标差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:剖宫产术时同期行子宫肌瘤剔除术有必要且安全可行,解除了患者的生理疾病、心理压力,减轻了经济负担.%Objective: To approach the feasibility and safety myomactomy performed during cesarean section. Methods:Retrospective analysis of 70 pregnant women collected from February 2006 to January 2010 in our hospital. 70 women received myomactomy during cesarean section which were compared with 70 women with simple cesarean section. Results:Cesarean section group simultaneously myomectomy operation time longer than the control group (P<0.05), but the estimate blood loss, blood loss 48 hours of delivery, decreased postoperative hemoglobin value, postoperative complications, postoperative intestinal peristalsis time, the postoperative incision healing time was no significant difference (P>0.05). Conclusion: Myomactomy during cesarean section is safe and feasible, can relieve the patients' physical sickness and psychological distress, lessen the financial burden.

  10. 缩宫素给药时间对剖宫产术后出血量影响的临床研究%Clinical study of oxytocin dose administration for cesarean section postpartum hemorrhage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑛娜

    2011-01-01

    目的 讨论剖宫手术后缩宫素给药时间预防产后出血的临床效果.方法 将本院收治的364例足月妊娠、剖宫产分娩的产妇,术后分别采用缩宫素20μ维持静滴12小时的2种不同静滴方法来观察其对术后24小时的出血量的影响.结果 快速静滴组与维持静滴组的出血量比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 剖宫产术后缩宫素维持静滴能更好地促进子宫收缩,减少产后出血.%Objective To discuss clinical effect of oxytocin dose administration of hemorrhage after cesarean section. Methods The influence of two different methods of intravenous drip, I. E. Oxytocin 20u fast intravenous drip and 12h last intravenous drip, on amount of bleeding 24 hours after the operation based on 364 examples of delivery woman of full-termpregnancy and cesarean section delivery were observed. Results There were statistical significance in diversity between the amount of bleeding of fast intravenous drip group and last intravenous drip group (P<0. 05). Conclusion Oxytocin last intravenous drip can stimulate uterine contraction and reduce postpartum hemorrhage flooding after Cesarean section.

  11. Significant differences in cesarean section rates between a private and a public hospital in Brazil Diferença notável nas taxas de parto cesariano em hospital público e hospital privado no Brasil

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    Sueli de Almeida

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates the association of maternal variables and of variables related to prenatal and delivery care with cesarean sections at a public and at a private maternity. A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed at a public maternity clinic (2,889 deliveries and at a private maternity clinic (2,911 deliveries in the city of Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo State, Brazil. The prevalence of cesarean sections was 18.9% at the public maternity clinic and 84.3% at the private one. The factors associated with cesarean sections at both hospitals were: mothers from other cities, aged > 25 years and with hypertension. Having more than one child was a protective factor. At the public hospital, cesarean sections were more frequent on Wednesdays and from 12:00 to 23:59 hours of any day of the week, whereas at the private hospital they occurred on any day, though were less common on Sundays, and at any time except in the early morning. At the private hospital, cesarean sections were more frequent when performed by the doctor who had provided the prenatal care. Non-medical factors were more associated with cesarean sections in the private maternity clinic than biological or clinical factors related to pregnancy.Este artigo avalia a associação de variáveis maternas e aquelas relacionadas ao cuidado pré-natal e ao parto com a ocorrência de cesáreas em um hospital público e em um hospital privado. Um estudo de corte transversal, retrospectivo, foi desenvolvido em uma maternidade pública (2.889 partos e em uma maternidade privada (2.911 partos em Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brasil. A prevalência de cesárea foi 18,9% e 84,3%, respectivamente, na maternidade pública e na particular. Os fatores associados ao parto cesariano nos dois hospitais foram: mães procedentes de outras cidades, com idade > 25 anos e hipertensas. Ter mais de um filho foi fator protetor. No hospital público, a cesárea foi mais freqüente às quartas-feiras e das 12h00

  12. Changing trends in eclampsia and increasing cesarean delivery and ndash; an interesting retrospective study from a tertiary care hospital of Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

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    Abha Singh

    2016-04-01

    Conclusions: Contrary to various studies hypertensive disorder to be the fourth most common cause of maternal death in developing countries, eclampsia came out to be the leading cause of maternal mortality in our study. Better antenatal and peripartum care can reduce its occurrence and related morbidity and mortality. Optimum outcome can be achieved by the speed with which the peripartum care is given. Cesarean delivery is preferable if vaginal delivery is not anticipated within 8 hrs as it gives better fetomaternal outcome. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(4.000: 1031-1035

  13. Case with pyoderma gangrenosum abruptly emerging around the wound of cesarean section for placenta previa with placenta accrete.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nonaka, Taro; Yoshida, Kunihiko; Yamaguchi, Masayuki; Aizawa, Atsuko; Fujiwara, Hiroshi; Enomoto, Takayuki; Takakuwa, Koichi

    2016-09-01

    A 39-year-old woman underwent emergency cesarean section (CS) due to placenta previa totalis with massive bleeding. Two major problems emerged in this patient after CS was carried out. One was partial retention of the placenta due to placenta accreta. Another major and more serious problem was pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) widely appearing at the skin of the abdomen around the CS wound. Conservative treatment was performed for the retained placenta, and it had completely disappeared by 76 days after the CS. The diagnosis of PG was promptly made in consultation with a plastic surgeon and a dermatologist when a wide ulcer emerged around the CS wound, and high-dose prednisolone was administered as treatment. At 90 days following the CS, near-complete epithelialization was achieved. This extremely rare case reflects the importance of rapid diagnosis and treatment of PG.

  14. Cesarean section under epidural anesthesia in a documented case of ruptured aneurysm of the sinus of valsalva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divakar, S R; Singh, Chandrashekhar; Verma, Chandra Mohan; Kulkarni, Chaitanya D

    2015-01-01

    Ruptured aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva (RSOV) occurring in pregnancy is a rare cardiac anomaly and it may be either congenital or acquired. Congenital sinus of Valsalva aneurysms are commonly associated with other structural defects such as ventricular septal defect (50-55%), aortic regurgitation (AR) (25-35%), bicuspid aortic valve (10-15%) and Marfan's syndrome (10%). RSOV in pregnancy accentuates the hemodynamic stress on maternal cardiovascular system and pose a significant challenge from obstetric anesthesia point of view. We report a case of 35-year-old documented patient of RSOV with mild AR presenting completely asymptomatic at 37 weeks 4 days of gestation. A successful elective lower segment cesarean section was conducted under epidural anesthesia. PMID:25788785

  15. Epidural anesthesia in repeated cesarean section. Anestesia epidural en la cesárea iterativa.

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    Norma Mur Villar

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: A spectacular development has been experimented in the Anesthesiology branch in the last few years in the different areas of its competence in which the attendance activity on obstetric patients as well as every aspect related with its adequate practice is of a great importance. Objective: to evaluate the efficacy of epidural anesthesia in repetitive cesarean. Methods: a descriptive retrospective study of a series of cases (112in which epidural anesthesia in repetitive cesarean was applied from January 2001 to December 2001 in the surgical unit of the Gynecological obstetric service at the University Hospital ¨Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima¨ in Cienfuegos city, Cuba. Some variables such as fixation time of the anesthesia, its duration, transurgical and postsurgical hemodynamic behavior, complications related with the anesthesia, evaluation of the new born baby and, the level of satisfaction of the patients were analyzed. Results: The immediate transurgical and postsurgical hemodynamic behavior was stable predominating normotension and the normal cardiac frequency. The complications related to anesthesia were minimal. The level of satisfaction of the patients was elevated. No alterations in new born babies were presented. As a conclusion, it may be stated that epidural anesthesia in repetitive cesarean is a safety and reliable anesthetic method.

    Fundamento: La anestesiología ha experimentado durante los últimos años un desarrollo espectacular en las diferentes áreas de su competencia, entre las que se encuentra sin lugar a dudas, la que centra su actividad asistencial en la paciente obstétrica y todo lo relacionado con su práctica adecuada en estas. Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia de la anestesia epidural en la cesárea iterativa. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de una serie de casos (112 en que fue

  16. Study of efficacy of mifepristone as inducing agent for mid trimester medical termination of pregnancy in women with previous cesarean section

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    Shaila Chikkagowdra

    2016-09-01

    Conclusions: Combination regimen has abortion rate as higher as 99-100% and median induction to abortion interval is as low as 6 hours. Second trimester abortion in prior cesarean section women should be carried out with caution. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(9.000: 3051-3055

  17. Prospective cohort study on effect of elective cesarean section on physical and intellectual development in children%社会因素剖宫产儿体格与智力发育的前瞻性队列研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘达美; 赵勇; 关蕴良; 李廷玉; 李少芳; 刘永芳; 张勇; 刘平

    2009-01-01

    目的:探讨社会因素剖宫产对儿童体格与智力发育的影响.方法:采用前瞻性队列研究,确定社会因素剖宫产和顺产产妇队列(社会因素剖宫产组68例、顺产组65例),分别于出生时、18月龄、24月龄、30月龄、36月龄、42月龄时体格检查,24月龄时智力测验(采用Gesell评分).结果:两队列均衡性较好(P>0.05),两组儿童在身高、体重、头围以及智力发育方面差异均无统计学意义.结论:社会因素剖宫产对42月龄以下的儿童体格发育未见显著性影响,社会因素剖宫产智力发育并不优于顺产,远期影响仍需扩大样本量以及继续随访研究.%To explore the effect of elective cesarean section on physical and intellectual development in children. Methods: Using the prospective cohort study, a 133 newborn sample composed by 68 newborns delivered by cesarean section and 65 newborns by spontaneous delivery in a county of Chongqing was established from March to May, 2002. Physical development index such as length, head circumference and body weight were measured at birth and on the 18, 24, 30, 36 and 42-month-old, respectively. Intel-lectual development was tested by Gesell mark at 2 years old. Results: The factors had equilibrium in two cohorts (P>0. 05) . There had no significant difference of weight, height or length, head circumference and Intellectual development between the two groups. Conclusion: There's no significant effect of cesarean section on physical growth of children below 4 years old. Intellectual development of the children de-livered by cesarean section is no better than that of spontaneous delivery. Forward affect needs more samples and continual follow-up.

  18. 剖宫产指征10年回顾%Retrospective analysis on the indications of cesarean section from 2000 to 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施华珍; 曹树军; 陈晓玲

    2012-01-01

    目的:分析剖宫产指征变化,探讨剖宫产率居高不下的原因及降低剖宫产率的可行性措施.方法:对松江分院2000年1月1日~2009年12月31日住院剖宫产分娩的8 888例患者的病历资料进行回顾性分析.结果:①在剖宫产指征构成比中,社会因素位居第一,其次依次为胎儿窘迫、头盆不称、疤痕子宫、臀位等.②10年来社会因素剖宫产指征呈快速上升趋势,在3个阶段的剖宫产指征构成比中分别为8.2%、54.4%和37.6%.第三阶段社会因素剖宫产指征构成比较前明显下降,P<0.01,是总剖宫产率明显下降的主要原因,P<0.01,但仍维持在一个较高水平.10年来以疤痕子宫为指征在剖宫产指征构成比中有逐年上升趋势,P<0.05或<0.01.③围产儿死亡率无统计学差异(P>0.05).结论:①降低剖宫产率的关键在于严格掌握剖宫产指征,提高产科质量,提高阴道助产技术水平;加强孕产期保健及其健康教育,提高人们对剖宫产并发症的认识,降低以社会因素为指征的剖宫产率.②剖宫产率在一定范围内降低了围产儿死亡率,但剖宫产率的进一步升高,围产儿死亡率并未随之下降.因此,应合理掌握剖宫产指征,降低剖宫产率.%Objective; To analyze the change of indications of cesarean section, explore the causes of high cesarean section rate and the feasible measures to reduce cesarean section rate. Methods; The medical data of 8 888 hospitalized cases who underwent cesarean section in the hospital from January first, 2000 to December 31st, 2009 were analyzed retrospectively. Results; Among the proportions of indications of cesarean section, social factor ranked the first, followed by fetal distress, cephalopelvic disproportion, scar uterus, and breech presentation, and so on. From 2000 to 2009, cesarean section rate induced by social factor increased rapidly, the proportions among three stages of indications of cesarean section

  19. Dexmedetomidine for an awake fiber-optic intubation of a parturient with Klippel-Feil syndrome, Type I Arnold Chiari malformation and status post released tethered spinal cord presenting for repeat cesarean section

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    Tanmay H. Shah

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Patients with Klippel-Feil Syndrome (KFS have congenital fusion of their cervical vertebrae due to a failure in the normal segmentation of the cervical vertebrae during the early weeks of gestation and also have myriad of other associated anomalies. Because of limited neck mobility, airway management in these patients can be a challenge for the anesthesiologist. We describe a unique case in which a dexmedetomidine infusion was used as sedation for an awake fiber-optic intubation in a parturient with Klippel-Feil Syndrome, who presented for elective cesarean delivery. A 36-yearold female, G2P1A0 with KFS (fusion of cervical vertebrae who had prior cesarean section for breech presentation with difficult airway management was scheduled for repeat cesarean delivery. After obtaining an informed consent, patient was taken in the operating room and non-invasive monitors were applied. Dexmedetomidine infusion was started and after adequate sedation, an awake fiberoptic intubation was performed. General anesthetic was administered after intubation and dexmedetomidine infusion was continued on maintenance dose until extubation. Klippel-Feil Syndrome (KFS is a rare congenital disorder for which the true incidence is unknown, which makes it even rare to see a parturient with this disease. Patients with KFS usually have other congenital abnormalities as well, sometimes including the whole thoraco-lumbar spine (Type III precluding the use of neuraxial anesthesia for these patients. Obstetric patients with KFS can present unique challenges in administering anesthesia and analgesia, primarily as it relates to the airway and dexmedetomidine infusion has shown promising result to manage the airway through awake fiberoptic intubation without any adverse effects on mother and fetus.

  20. A study on mode of delivery and conduct of labour in women with vaginal birth after caesarean section in Dhulikhel Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamrakar, S R; Chawla, C D

    2010-06-01

    Vaginal birth after caesarean section is the delivery of a baby through the vagina after a previous cesarean delivery. For this to be conducted safely and responsibly emergency obstetric care must be available. To study the different modes of delivery in Dhulikhel Hospital (DH), evaluate the frequency of attempted and successful vaginal birth after caesarean section and, in the VBAC group, to identify those factors that may influence outcome and safety. The study was a retrospective study of all women who were delivered via different routes and the subgroup who underwent attempted vaginal birth after caesarean section in DH from January 2007 to December 2009. In this study factors associated with the successful VBAC were also analyzed. During the study period a total of 4215 deliveries conducted in DH and a total of 890 lower segment caesarean sections (21.1% of all deliveries) were performed. Of the 890 caesareans performed, 743 were primary and 147 were repeat (69 were repeat elective and 78 were repeat emergency). In this period an additional 33 women with previous lower segment caesarean sections had a successful vaginal delivery. Hence 18.3% (33/180) vaginal birth after caesarean sections was conducted successfully among women with previous caesarean). The results of this study indicate that vaginal birth after caesarean section is a clear feature of obstetric practice in DH. This is possible because of the vigilance in managing these women and the availability in this hospital setting of resources for immediate cesarean section.

  1. 剖宫产产后出血的原因及临床处理%Etiology and clinical treatment of postpartum hemorrhage following cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈惠萍; 朱月华; 曹卉

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the etiology of postpartum hemorrhage following cesarean section and effective therapy.Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 76 cases of postpartum hemorrhage following cesarean section.Results The etiology of hemorrhage included: uterine atony in 48 cases ( 63.2% ), placental factors in 17 cases ( 22.4% ), uterine laceration in 8 cases ( 10.5% ) , and coagulative abnormalities in 3 cases (3.9%).There was a higher incidence of hemorrhage in the caesarean section group than in the vaginal delivery group ( 3.5% vs.1.3%, P < 0.01 ).The volumes of hemorrhage ranged from 700 ml to 3 500 ml.The cases with hemorrhage of less than 1000 ml, 1000 to 2 000 ml and more than 2 000 ml group accounted for 67.1%, 26.3% and 6.6%, respectively.The caesarean section group had a higher incidence of hemorrhage volume of 1 000 to 2 000 ml than the vaginal delivery group (P < 0.05).All the patients were successfully rescued, of whom 4 patients underwent hysterectomy (5.3% ).Conclusion Successful reduction of the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage following caesarean section rests on the proper awareness of the indications of cesarcan section; selection of rapid and effective methods targeting the etiology of hemorrhage, improvement of the surgical skills and reinforcement of the postoperative treatment, etc.%目的 探讨剖宫产产后出血的原因及有效的处理方法.方法 对76例剖宫产产后出血患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析.结果 出血原因为子宫收缩乏力 48 例(占63.2%),胎盘因素 17例(占22.4%),切口撕裂8例(占10.5%),凝血功能异常3例(占3.9%).剖宫产组产后出血发生率明显高于阴道产组(3.5% vs.1.3%,P<0.01).产后出血量700~3 500 ml,出血量<1 000 ml、1 000~2 000 ml和>2 000 ml的病例分别占67.1%、26.3%和6.6%.出血量在1 000~2 000 ml发生率剖宫产组高于阴道产组(P<0.05).76例剖宫产出血病

  2. Risk of placenta previa in second birth after first birth cesarean section: a population-based study and meta-analysis

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    Gurol-Urganci Ipek

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Objective: To compare the risk of placenta previa at second birth among women who had a cesarean section (CS at first birth with women who delivered vaginally. Methods Retrospective cohort study of 399,674 women who gave birth to a singleton first and second baby between April 2000 and February 2009 in England. Multiple logistic regression was used to adjust the estimates for maternal age, ethnicity, deprivation, placenta previa at first birth, inter-birth interval and pregnancy complications. In addition, we conducted a meta-analysis of the reported results in peer-reviewed articles since 1980. Results The rate of placenta previa at second birth for women with vaginal first births was 4.4 per 1000 births, compared to 8.7 per 1000 births for women with CS at first birth. After adjustment, CS at first birth remained associated with an increased risk of placenta previa (odds ratio = 1.60; 95% CI 1.44 to 1.76. In the meta-analysis of 37 previously published studies from 21 countries, the overall pooled random effects odds ratio was 2.20 (95% CI 1.96-2.46. Our results from the current study is consistent with those of the meta-analysis as the pooled odds ratio for the six population-based cohort studies that analyzed second births only was 1.51 (95% CI 1.39-1.65. Conclusions There is an increased risk of placenta previa in the subsequent pregnancy after CS delivery at first birth, but the risk is lower than previously estimated. Given the placenta previa rate in England and the adjusted effect of previous CS, 359 deliveries by CS at first birth would result in one additional case of placenta previa in the next pregnancy.

  3. Desigualdade social nas taxas de cesariana em primíparas no Rio Grande do Sul Social inequalities in cesarean section rates in primiparae, Southern Brazil

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    Paulo Fontoura Freitas

    2005-10-01

    Brazil in 1996, 1998 and 2000. Data from the Live Birth National Information System were used to estimate annual rates and crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR of cesarean sections according to social conditions (maternal age and education, newborn skin color/ethnicity and macro-regions, duration of pregnancy, and number of prenatal visits. RESULTS: The overall cesarean section rate was 45%, and above 37% in all macro-regions. Increased rates were seen among native and black mothers, aged 30 years or more, living in metropolitan, river valley and mountain macro-regions and having attended to more than six prenatal visits. Crude and adjusted OR show that cesarean rates were negatively associated with all categories of skin color/ethnicity when compared to white newborns, particularly those of native Brazilian (ORadj=0.43; 95% CI: 0.31-0.59, and they were positively associated with higher maternal education (ORadj=3.52; 95% CI: 3.11-3.99, older age (ORadj=6.87; 95% CI: 5.90-8.00 and greater number of prenatal visits (ORadj=2.16; 95% CI: 1.99-2.35. The effects of age and education were partly mediated by the greater number of prenatal visits among higher educated older women. The OR varied among macro-regions but were greater for the wealthier mountain region. CONCLUSIONS: High rates of cesarean section rates in Southern Brazil are a public health concern. They are associated with social, economic and cultural factors which can lead to misuse of medical technology during labor and delivery.

  4. Standard medical application of nursing after cesarean section%人本位医疗对剖宫产术后护理的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜

    2014-01-01

    Objective To study the standard medical application effect of nursing after cesarean section. Methods According to the person's physical,psychological,social,to meet the requirements of the people the best care.Results Through the standard medical treatment,systematic holistic nursing,abdominal surgery mouth class-a healing rate>99%,the postoperative complication rates recent99%.Conclusion Standard medical systematic holistic nursing is more effective in helping patients smoothly and safely through cesarean delivery after preoperative,postoperative and recovery process,improve the overall quality of obstetrics,so as to promote the hospital technology beneifts,social beneifts and economic beneifts.%目的:探讨人本位医疗对剖宫产术后护理的应用效果。方法根据人的生理、心理、社会、文化、精神等多方面的需要,提供适合人的最佳护理。结果通过人本位医疗,系统化整体护理,腹部术口甲级愈合率>99%,术后近期并发症发生率<1%,母乳喂养成功率>99%,指导饮食成功率>99%,术后6 h内下床活动率>99%。结论人本位医疗系统化整体护理更有效地帮助患者身心平稳、安全地度过剖宫产术前、术后及之后的康复过程,保障母婴安全,降低产妇死亡率和围产儿死亡率,从而提升了医院的技术效益、社会效益、经济效益。

  5. Causation on Cesarean Section and Its Influencing Factors from a First Class Hospital%某三甲医院剖宫产原因及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭海玲

    2012-01-01

    section. Conclusion It is an effective control of the cesarean section rate to spread the knowledge of pregnancy and delivery, enhance the benefits of natural childbirth advocacy,reduce the social factors for cesarean section and strictly grasp the indications of caesarean section.

  6. Cesarean section under epidural anesthesia patient shivering in the surgical anesthetic experience to explore%硬膜外麻醉下剖宫产手术中患者寒战的麻醉体会探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜珍华

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the epidural anesthesia for cesarean delivery in patients with shivering and anesthetic experience. Methods 140 cases were treated in our hospital from March 2010 to March 2012 and epidural anesthesia for cesarean section shivering surgery patients as research subjects. Results Psychological stress too much heat,heat production increased drug toxicity and other main reason for the occurrence of shivering, through the adoption of appropriate measures to deal effectively control the chills. Conclusion The analysis of patients with chills,targeted to take the appropriate measures to control shivering effective measures to help prevent cesarean section under epidural anesthesia shivering.%  目的探讨硬膜外麻醉下剖宫产手术中患者发生寒战的原因及麻醉体会。方法选择该院2010年3月—2012年3月收治的140例硬膜外麻醉下剖宫产手术中出现寒战的患者作为研究对象。结果心理紧张、散热过多、产热增加、药物毒性反应等为发生寒战的主要原因,通过采取相应的处理措施,有效的控制了寒战。结论分析患者发生寒战的原因,有针对性的采取相应措施是控制寒战的有效措施,有助于预防硬膜外麻醉下剖宫产手术中寒战的发生。

  7. Effectiveness of Educational Program Based on the Theory of Reasoned Action to Decrease the Rate of Cesarean Delivery Among Pregnant Women in Fasa, Southern Iran

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    Ali Khan-Jeihooni

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cesarean section is considered as a major surgery accompanied by several complications. The present study aimed to determine the effect of educational intervention based on the theory of reasoned action to reduce the rate of cesarean section among pregnant women in Fasa, Southern Iran. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 100 (50 participants in each of the control and intervention groups primiparous women in the third trimester of pregnancy admitted to health centers of Fasa city, Fars province, Iran. The data-gathering tool was a multipart questionnaire containing demographic variables and the theory of reasoned action structures. After the pretest, the intervention group underwent exclusive training based on the theory of reasoned action. Then, after 3 months, both groups took part in the posttest. Data was analyzed by paired T-test, independent T-test and chi-square using SPSS-18 software. Results: A significant difference was found between the two groups regarding knowledge, evaluations behavioral outcomes, Behavioral beliefs and intention (P<0.001. Chi-square analysis showed a significant difference between the two groups regarding their performance (P<0.001. Conclusion: The present intervention was effective in increasing the pregnant women’s knowledge, evaluation of outcomes, attitude and strengthening their intention as well as performance. Therefore, it is suggested to use this model and other systematic straining for pregnant women to decrease the rate of cesarean section.

  8. The comparison between suppository diclofenac and pethidine in post-cesarean section pain relief: a randomized controlled clinical trial

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    Ziba Zahiri Soroori

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Narcotic drugs are usually used for postoperative pain control which could cause several complications such as respiratory depression and apnea. Therefore, replacement of these drugs with safer analgesics is recommended. The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic effects of suppository diclofenac and pethidine in post-cesarean section (C/S patients. METHODS: In this clinical trial, pregnant women who were admitted to Alzahrah Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, between August and February 2004 and met the inclusion criteria were recruited. After obtaining informed consent, the patients were randomly assigned (block randomization to two groups. In group A, 100 mg rectal suppository diclofenac was used after operation at four time points: at the end of operation and 8, 16 and 24 hours after the operation. Group B received pethidine 1 mg/kg intramuscularly at similar time points. The pain scores were assessed at 2, 10, 18 and 26 hours after C/S using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS. Age, gestational age, parity, history of previous abortion, C/S and abdominal surgery, level of education, pain score, side effects and satisfaction level were assessed. Analysis was carried out with ANCOVA model and χ2 Mantel Haenszel tests by SPSS.10 software. P<0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Two hundred forty patients met inclusion criteria. Age, parity, history of previous abortion, history of previous C/S and abdominal surgery, level of education and satisfaction level were similar in the two groups (P>0.05. There was no significant difference between side effects in the two groups except for dizziness in 11 cases in group B. There were significant statistical difference between pain intensity in 10, 18 and 26 hours after C/S in group A and group B (2.05 ± 2.07, 1.4 ± 1.6 and 0.5 ± 1.1 vs. 2.6 ± 2.2, 2.3 ± 2.2 and 1.3 ± 1.9 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study showed that the use of suppository diclofenac is an

  9. 剖宫产术中胎盘附着面注射缩宫素的疗效研究%The Clinical Research of the Oxytocin Intramuscular Injection at the Placenta Attachment Surface During Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈圣莲; 王敏; 石恒; 黄桂珍

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the effect of the oxytocin intramuscular injection at the placenta attachment surface during cesarean section. Method:Randomly controlled clinical trial was adopted which contained 110 cases performed cesarean section.All the cases were injected oxytocin 10 U by intravenous route after the delivery of the baby.The observation group (55 cases) were performed oxytocin 10 U intramuscular injection at the placenta attachment surface,while the control group (55 cases) were injected oxytocin 10 U at the uterine wall but not at the placenta attachment site.The other procedures were the same as the observation group.The time from the baby delivery to the close of the uterine incision(T1),the blood loss during this period(V1),the time from the end up of oxytocin injection at the uterine wall to the placenta delivery(T2),and the postoperative blood loss within 24 hours(V2) were recorded.The data of the test was analyzed with the software SPSS 18.0.Result:The observation group VS the control group:the difference of T1 was no significant difference statistically(P>0.05), the difference of T2 was also no significant difference statistically(P>0.05),the difference of blood loss was statistically significant(P0.05);在V1、V2上差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),观察组优于对照组。结论:剖宫产术中在静脉应用缩宫素的基础上,于胎盘子宫附着面注射缩宫素可减少术中出血及术后出血量。

  10. Preliminary Study on Diagnosis and Treatment Method of Cesarean Scar Pregnancy after Cesarean Section%剖宫产术后子宫瘢痕妊娠的诊治方法初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李荣丽

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the diagnosis and treatment method and curative effect of cesarean scar pregnancy after ce-sarean section. Methods 20 cases of patients with cesarean scar pregnancy after cesarean section included from January 2013 to January 2016 were randomly divided into two groups, the group A were treated with injection of methotrexate and complete curettage of uterine cavity, the group B were treated with injection of methotrexate and hysteroscope operation. Results The total effective rate in the group A was obviously higher than that in the group B, (70.00%vs 90.00%), the sta-tistical treatment showed that the treatment effects were different by χ2-test, P<0.05, the menstruation recovery time and serumβ-HCG recovery time in the group B were obviously shorter than those in the group A, [(62.51±6.380)d, (33.52±4.38) d vs (39.56±6.34)d, (15.52±1.36)d], and the statistical treatment showed that the differences in the menstruation recovery time and serumβ-HCG recovery time between the groups were obvious by χ2-test, P<0.05. Conclusion The effect of injec-tion of methotrexate and hysteroscope operation in treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy after cesarean section is definite, which is worth promotion.%目的:探讨剖宫产术后子宫瘢痕妊娠的诊治方法和疗效。方法随机选取2013年1月—2016年1月该院剖宫产术后子宫瘢痕妊娠患者20例,随机分组,A组注射甲氨蝶呤+清宫术治疗,B组注射甲氨蝶呤+宫腔镜手术治疗。结果跟A组总有效率70.00%比较,B组总有效率明显较高,达到90.00%,经χ2检验行统计学处理显示治疗效果差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。跟A组(62.51±6.38)d、(33.52±4.38)d比较,B组月经恢复时间(39.56±6.34)d、血β-HCG恢复时间(15.52±1.36)d明显较短,经t检验行统计学处理显示月经恢复时间、血β-HCG恢复时间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论剖宫产术后子宫瘢痕妊娠注射甲氨蝶呤+宫腔镜手术治疗效果确切,值得推广。

  11. Pelvic floor muscle strength in primiparous women according to the delivery type: cross-sectional study 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, Edilaine de Paula Batista; de Oliveira, Sonia Maria Junqueira Vasconcellos; Caroci, Adriana de Souza; Francisco, Adriana Amorim; Oliveira, Sheyla Guimaraes; da Silva, Renata Luana

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objectives: to compare the pelvic floor muscle strength in primiparous women after normal birth and cesarean section, related to the socio-demographic characteristics, nutritional status, dyspareunia, urinary incontinence, perineal exercise in pregnancy, perineal condition and weight of the newborn. Methods: this was a cross-sectional study conducted after 50 - 70 postpartum days, with 24 primiparous women who underwent cesarean delivery and 72 who had a normal birth. The 9301 PeritronTM was used for analysis of muscle strength. The mean muscle strength was compared between the groups by two-way analysis of variance. Results: the pelvic floor muscle strength was 24.0 cmH2O (±16.2) and 25.4 cmH2O (±14.7) in postpartum primiparous women after normal birth and cesarean section, respectively, with no significant difference. The muscular strength was greater in postpartum women with ≥ 12 years of study (42.0 ±26.3 versus 14.6 ±7.7 cmH2O; p= 0.036) and in those who performed perineal exercises (42.6±25.4 11.8±4.9 vs. cmH2O; p = 0.010), compared to caesarean. There was no difference in muscle strength according to delivery type regarding nutritional status, dyspareunia, urinary incontinence, perineal condition or newborn weight. Conclusion: pelvic floor muscle strength does not differ between primiparous women based on the type of delivery. Postpartum women with normal births, with higher education who performed perineal exercise during pregnancy showed greater muscle strength. PMID:27533267

  12. [Neuro-autonomic inhibition and haemodynamics management optimization during cesarean section under spinal anaesthesia in pregnant women with gestosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gur'ianov, V A; Shumov, I V

    2012-01-01

    Results showed that autonomic nervous system (ANS) and blood circulation system (BCS) dysfunction in 3rd trimester pregnant women with gestosis are more pronounced, than in healthy pregnant women, despite the prescribed treatment. The most significant disturbances were vagotonia and hypokinetic haemodynamics type (often iatrogenic). Spinal anaesthesia (SA) during Cesarean section in pregnant women is accompanied by blood pressure decrease to the level demanding on vasopressors use. Considering normal indicators of SI, CI, oxygen transportation and electrocardiogram vasopressor was not introduced Apgar score assessment of newborns was within normal. However, vagotonia and hypokinetic haemodynamics type during anaesthesia that certifies autoregulation reserves insufficiency. Atropine introduction in pregnant women with vagotonia and hypokinetic haemodynamics type (often iatrogenic, owing to irrational therapy) before SA beginning of promoted neurovegetative inhibition optimization and haemodynamics stabilization in eukinetic range. Vagus blockade (elimination of ANS dysfunction) was accompanied by more physiologic sympathicotonia development with smaller decrease of blood pressure (without stroke index reduction!), absence of bradycardia and vomiting. Research showed that the blood pressure cannot be the only objective criterion of vasopressors use. PMID:23662521

  13. Oral administration of marine collagen peptides prepared from chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta improves wound healing following cesarean section in rats

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    Junbo Wang

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: The goal of the present study was to investigate the wound-healing potential of marine collagen peptides (MCPs from chum salmon skin administered to rats following cesarean section (CS. Methods: Ninety-six pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: a vehicle group and three MCP groups. After CS, rats were intragastrically given MCPs at doses of 0, 0.13, 0.38, 1.15 g/kg*bw, respectively. On postoperative days 7, 14, and 21, the uterine bursting pressure, skin tensile strength, hydroxyproline (Hyp concentrations, and histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of the scar tissue were examined. Results: In the MCP groups, the skin tensile strength, uterine bursting pressure, and Hyp were significantly higher than those in the vehicle group at all three time points (p<0.05. The formation of capillary, fibroblast, and collagen fiber, the expression of platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1, basic fibroblast growth factor, and transforming growth factor beta-1 were increased in the MCP groups (p<0.05. Conclusion: MCPs could accelerate the process of wounding healing in rats after CS.

  14. Clinical analysis of 13 cases of cesarean scar pregnancy after cesarean section%剖宫产术后瘢痕妊娠13例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娟

    2014-01-01

    Objective To clinically analyze 13 cases of cesarean scar pregnancy after cesarean section. Methods Type-B ultrasound, tests of biochemical indices and other technologies were applied to analyze the clinical characteristics, early diagnosis, treatment method and prognosis of 13 patients of Cesarean scar pregnancy. Results All 13 patients had a history of Cesarean section and post-menopausal vaginal bleeding; the diagnosis, based on vaginal color Doppler ultrasound, showed the possibility of Cesarean scar pregnancy; 8 patients received a conservative treatment of methotrexate plus mifepristone plus uterus cleaning. 4 patients received resection of scar lesions in lower uterine segment plus uterus repair (2 trans-vaginal, 2 trans-abdominal). 1 patient had hemorrhea after uterus cleaning in another hospital and received subtotal hysterectomy in the emergency clinic. Conclusion Early application of B-type ultrasound helps confirm the diagnosis of cesarean scar pregnancy, determine the treatment method and effectively reduce the risk of hemorrhea, which has a positive clinical significance;trans-vaginal resection of scar lesions in lower uterine segment plus uterus repair has advantages of smaller amount of bleeding, minor injuries, shorter hospitalization and faster decrease of bloodβ-HCG, which is a preferred method for the disease.%目的:探讨13例剖宫术后瘢痕妊娠临床分析。方法采用B超检查及各项生化指标检查的方法或技术手段来分析13例剖宫术后瘢痕妊娠患者的临床特点,早期诊断,治疗方法及预后。结果13例患者均有剖宫术史及停经后阴道流血史;诊断依据经阴道彩超提示剖宫产瘢痕部位妊娠可能;8例行甲氨蝶呤+米非司酮+清宫保守治疗,4例子宫下段瘢痕病灶切除子宫修补术(2例行经阴道,2例经腹部),1例外院清宫术后大出血,急诊行次全子宫切除术。结论剖宫术后瘢痕妊娠早期运用B超检查能明确诊断

  15. Early clinical analysis of related factors of postpartum hemorrhage after ce-sarean section%剖宫产术后早期产后出血相关因素的临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高英杰

    2015-01-01

    , according to the different modes of delivery, we selected the clinical data of 512 cases of maternal spontaneous vaginal delivery as the reference group, launches the analysis to explore induced early after cesarean section postpartum hemorrhage related factors. Results 435 cases of cesarean section in 90 cases of mothers appeared in the early postop-erative bleeding problems, accounting for 20.69%, in 90 cases of early bleeding after cesarean section patients, 72 cases of bleed-ing in 500 patients 1000ml, accounting for 80%, the amount of bleeding in 13 patients for 1000ml-2000nl, accounting for 14.4%, the amount of bleeding in 5 patients in 2000ml, accounting for 5.6%, after bleeding and other anti-inflammatory treatment, pa-tients were within 5-9d cured and no deaths; the main factors of postpartum hemorrhage postpartum uterine inertia, placenta, soft birth canal cracks and coagulation disorders and other factors, specifically postpartum uterine inertia 62 cases, accounting for 68.9%, of which 8 cases of twins great children 9 cases, 11 cases of gestational hypertension, placental abruption 7 cases, 10 cases of placenta previa, uterine scar six cases, six cases of drug factors, systemic factors in five cases; 16 cases of placental factors, ac-counting for 17.8%, of which 13 cases of placenta accreta, a little residual membranes three cases, seven cases of soft birth canal cracks, accounting for 7.8%, five cases of clotting disorders, accounting for 5.5%. Conclusion conclusion does not include data, but the research on data description of the problem or the conclusion]:cesarean section postpartum hemorrhage early induced fac-tors more, and postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section rate and amount of bleeding than vaginal delivery mothers, so to en-hance the preoperative risk factors analysis, good hemostatic measures related to to ensure the safety of maternal life.

  16. 剖宫产术后产后出血的原因分析及护理%Cause analysis and nursing of postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦宗玉

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo investigate cause and nursing measures of postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section.MethodsAnalysis and summarization were made on hemorrhage causes of 70 patients with postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section.ResultsAmong the 70 patients with postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section, there were 66 cases with uterine inertia (94.3%), 3 cases with placental factors (4.3%) and 1 case with coagulation disorders (1.4%). All the cases left the hospital without any death or hysterectomy cases after receiving timely rescue and detailed nursing.ConclusionIncidence of complications and mortality rate of postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section can be reduced by good prenatal education, effective prevention of postpartum hemorrhage, close monitoring of disease, and timely health education.%目的:探讨剖宫产术后产后出血的原因及护理对策。方法70例剖宫产术后产后出血患者,对其出血的原因进行分析和总结。结果70例剖宫产产后出血患者,宫缩乏力66例(94.3%)、胎盘因素3例(4.3%)、凝血功能障碍1例(1.4%)。经过及时抢救和精心护理,无一例发生死亡或切除子宫,均痊愈出院。结论做好产前教育,对产后出血进行有效预防,密切观察病情变化,及时进行健康教育,可以降低剖宫产术后产后出血并发症发生率及死亡率。

  17. Ultrasound-guided epidural anesthesia for a parturient with severe malformations of the skeletal system undergoing cesarean delivery: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luo LL

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available LinLi Luo,* Juan Ni,* Lan Wu, Dong Luo Department of Anesthesiology, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China  *These authors contributed equally to this work and should be considered co-first authors Abstract: Anesthetic management of patients with preexisting diseases is challenging and individualized approaches need to be determined based on patients' complications. We report here a case of ultrasound-guided epidural anesthesia in combination with low-dose ketamine during cesarean delivery on a parturient with severe malformations of the skeletal system and airway problems. The ultrasound-guided epidural anesthesia was performed in the L1–L2 space, followed by an intravenous administration of ketamine (0.5 mg/kg for sedation and analgesia. Satisfactory anesthesia was provided to the patient and spontaneous ventilation was maintained during the surgery. The mother and the baby were discharged 5 days after surgery, no complications were reported for either of them. Our work demonstrated that an ultrasound-guided epidural anesthesia combined with low-dose ketamine can be used to successfully maintain spontaneous ventilation and provide effective analgesia during surgery and reduce the risk of postoperative anesthesia-related pulmonary infection. Keywords: anesthesia, regional, cesarean delivery, ketamine, ultrasound-guided

  18. [General Anesthesia Using Remifentanil for Cesarean Section in a Parturient with Marfan Syndrome Associated with Heart Failure due to Severe Mitral Regurgitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Masahide; Satsumae, Tsuyoshi; Tanaka, Makoto

    2016-05-01

    A 24-year-old woman with Marfan syndrome was scheduled for cesarean section in order to avoid progression of heart failure due to severe mitral regurgitation and aortic dissection during labor. Cesarean section was performed under general anesthesia using remifentanil. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with remifentanil (0.1-0.3 μg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) and continuous administration of propofol (target-controlled infusion, 2-3 ng x ml(-1)). The trachea was intubated without a significant hemodynamic change. The patient's systolic blood pressure was maintained between 90 and 120 mmHg during surgery. Intraoperatively, we conducted a transesophageal echocardiography examination, and no remarkable change was seen in the severity of mitral regurgitation and the size of an ascending aorta. An infant was delivered 6 minutes after anesthesia induction. The Apgar scores were 4 at 1 min, 5 at 5 min and 8 at 10 min. Postoperative course was uneventful. We conclude that remifentanil can be used successfully to manage cesarean section of a parturient with Marfan syndrome associated with heart failure due to severe mitral regurgitation under general anesthesia. PMID:27319100

  19. Care to prevent scar uterus abdominal distension after cesarean section%预防瘢痕子宫剖宫产术后腹胀的护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李萍

    2015-01-01

    Objective Summarize nursing intervention to prevent scar uterine cesarean section abdominal distension. Methods 245 cases of uterine cesarean section scar patients were divided into control group and experimental group to implement the nursing intervention. Results Incidence of abdominal distension, anal exhaust time, discharge time, complication rates is better than that in control group. Conclusions Scar uterine cesarean section to take comprehensive measures to reduce abdominal distention, reduce maternal discomfort, shorten hospitalization time.%目的:总结预防瘢痕子宫剖宫产术腹胀的护理干预。方法:对245例瘢痕子宫剖宫产术后患者分为对照组和实验组实施护理干预。结果:实验组腹胀发生率、肛门排气时间、出院时间、并发症发生率方面优于对照组。结论:瘢痕子宫剖宫产术后采取一些综合措施可减少腹胀发生,减轻产妇不适,缩短住院时间。

  20. Uterine Healing after Therapeutic Intrauterine Administration of TachoSil (Hemostatic Fleece in Cesarean Section with Postpartum Hemorrhage Caused by Placenta Previa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katrine Fuglsang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Application of hemostatic fleece (TachoSil directly onto the bleeding surfaces of the lower uterine segment has been used to obtain hemostasis during cesarean section caused by placenta previa. Methods. Eleven of 15 patients treated with TachoSil for excessive postpartum haemorrhage due to placenta previa were enrolled. An evaluation of the cesarean section scar by transvaginal ultrasound, the uterine cavity and endometrium by hysteroscopy, and the endometrium by biopsy were made. The main outcome measures were intrauterine adhesions, recovery of endometrium at the site of TachoSil application, visible remnants of TachoSil, and scar healing. Results. Eight patients had small remnants of TachoSil in the uterine cavity together with signs of resorption. All had a normal endometrial mucosa, and none had adhesions in the uterine cavity. All cesarean section scars were healed without defects. Conclusion. TachoSil did not seem to impair healing of the endometrium or scar formation in the uterus after intrauterine application. Resorption of TachoSil seems to progress individually. Intrauterine treatment with TachoSil is a valuable supplement to the traditional treatment of post partum haemorrhage and may help retain reproductive capability. This is a small study, and it will require more studies to confirm the reproducibility.

  1. Effect of low B-Lynch suture on menstrual cycle recovery and sex hormone levels in patients after cesarean section for placenta previa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Su-Lan Zhang; Wan-Cheng Feng; Yan Mi

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the effect of low B-Lynch suture on the menstrual cycle recovery and sex hormone levels in patients after cesarean section for placenta previa.Methods:A total of 40 patients who were admitted in our hospital from August, 2013 to August, 2015 for cesarean section due to placenta previa were included in the study and randomized into the observation group and the control group. The patients in the observation group were given low B-lynch suture, while in the control group, yarns were plugged in the uterus. The bleeding during operation and 24 h after operation, the postpartum lochia duration, and menstrual cycle recovery in the two groups were observed. The postpartum FSH, E2, and LH levels in the two groups were determined.Results:The amount of bleeding during operation and 24 h after operation in the observation group was significantly less than that in the control group (P0.05). The comparison of FSH, E2, and LH levels between the two groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05).Conclusions:Low B-Lynch suture can effectively reduce the amount of bleeding after cesarean section for placenta previa, and has no effect on the menstrual recovery and ovarian function with a simple operation and less postoperative complications; therefore, it deserves to be widely recommended in the clinic.

  2. Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating Dialkylcarbamoyl Chloride Impregnated Dressings for the Prevention of Surgical Site Infections in Adult Women Undergoing Cesarean Section

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bizoń, Magdalena; Cendrowski, Krzysztof; Sawicki, Włodzimierz

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: Surgical site infections (SSI) occur in 1.8%–9.2% of women undergoing cesarean section (CS) and lead to greater morbidity rates and increased treatment costs. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of dialkylcarbamoyl chloride (DACC) impregnated dressings to prevent SSI in women subject to CS. Methods: Randomized, controlled trial was conducted at the Mazovian Bródno Hospital, a tertiary care center performing approximately 1300 deliveries per year, between June 2014 and April 2015. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either DACC impregnated dressing or standard surgical dressing (SSD) following skin closure. In order to analyze cost-effectiveness of the selected dressings in the group of patients who developed SSI, the costs of ambulatory visits, additional hospitalization, nursing care, and systemic antibiotic therapy were assessed. Independent risk factors for SSI were determined by multivariable logistic regression. Results: Five hundred and forty-three women undergoing elective or emergency CS were enrolled. The SSI rates in the DACC and SSD groups were 1.8% and 5.2%, respectively (p = 0.04). The total cost of SSI prophylaxis and treatment was greater in the control group as compared with the study group (5775 EUR vs. 1065 EUR, respectively). Independent risk factors for SSI included higher pre-pregnancy body mass index (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.08; [95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.0–1.2]; p SSD application (aOR = 2.94; [95% CI: 1.1–9.3]; p < 0.05). Conclusion: The study confirmed the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of DACC impregnated dressings in SSI prevention among women undergoing CS. PMID:26891115

  3. 2nd Antibiotic Halves C-Section Infection Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_161230.html 2nd Antibiotic Halves C-Section Infection Rate: Study Two medications ... 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors routinely give an antibiotic before a cesarean-section, the surgical delivery of ...

  4. 阴式子宫下段加固术治疗剖宫产瘢痕妊娠%Vaginal Reinforcement of Cesarean Section Scar for Cesarean Scar Pregnancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李环; 杨将; 杜辉; 胡艳; 魏蔚霞; 吴瑞芳

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨阴式子宫下段加固术治疗剖宫产瘢痕妊娠( cesarean scar pregnancy , CSP )的临床效果。方法2014年12月~2015年6月采用阴式子宫下段加固术治疗20例CSP,打开膀胱宫颈间隙,暴露子宫下段薄弱部位,避开膀胱后行B超引导下清宫术,B超引导及扩宫棒、手指引导下,加固缝合子宫下段薄弱部位。结果所有手术均顺利完成,手术时间30~120 min,(53.4±26.0)min;术中出血量中位数50 ml(20~400 ml);术后住院时间2~18 d,平均4.6 d;术后监测血hCG降至正常时间中位数46 d(4~90 d)。结论阴式子宫下段加固术治疗CSP具有操作简便、创伤小、增加子宫肌层厚度等优点。%Objective To investigate the clinical effect of vaginal reinforcement of cesarean section scar in the treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). Methods Twenty female patients with CSP from December 2014 to June 2015 were recruited.All the patients were treated with vaginal reinforcement of cesarean section scar .The vesicocervical space was opened to expose the thin part of the scar .Dilation and curettage was carried out under surveillance of sonography after drawing back the bladder .The low thin part of the uterine was reinforced under the guidance of cervical dilator , finger and sonography . Results All the surgical procedures were successfully performed.The duration of surgery was 30-120 min (53.4 ±26.0 min).The median of intraoperative hemorrhage was 50 ml (20-400 ml).The length of hospital stay was 2-18 d (4.6 ±3.3 d).The median time of serum hCG dropped to normal was 46 d (4-90 d). Conclusions Vaginal reinforcement of cesarean section scar has privileges for treating CSP , especially for patients with extensive thin part of scar .The procedure is characterized by easy performance , minimal invasion , and increasing the muscular sickness of scar .

  5. Breastfeeding After Cesarean Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Prenatal Baby Bathing & Skin Care Breastfeeding Crying & Colic Diapers & Clothing Feeding & Nutrition Preemie Sleep Teething & Tooth Care Toddler Preschool Gradeschool Teen Young Adult Healthy Children > Ages & Stages > Baby > Breastfeeding > Breastfeeding After ...

  6. COMPARISON OF SINGLE DOSE PROPHYLACTIC ANTIBIOTICS VERSUS FIVE DAYS ANTIBIOTIC IN CESAREAN SECTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeel

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To compare if single dose antibiotic is as effective as multiple doses in prevention of post-operative infection in caesarean section. To compare the cost effectiveness of drugs in both the groups. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This prospective randomized controlled study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of single dose antibiotic versus multiple doses in caesarean section. The study population consisted of 600 patients that were randomly allocated to single or multiple dose groups. All potentially infected cases were excluded from this study. All patients received inj Cefotaxime IV half hour before surgery. In addition the multiple dose group received antibiotics for five days post-operatively. Each patient in the study was observed till discharge for presence of any morbidity like endometritis, urinary tract infections, and wound infections. STATISTICAL ANALYSISIS: Fischer exact test, unpaired t test used for analysis. RESULTS: There was no statistically significance in the rate of infections in both the groups. The rate of febrile morbidity, endometritis, urinary tract infection and wound infections were statistically not significant. However the difference in cost of antibiotic in both the groups was significant. CONCLUSIONS: Single dose antibiotics are effective as multiple doses in prevention of post-operative infections in caesarean sections Careful periodic surveillance of antibiotic prophylaxis is necessary to detect the emergence of drug resistant strains of bacteria in our institution because it caters to the needs of local population.

  7. Cesárea prévia como fator de risco para o descolamento prematuro da placenta Previous cesarean section as a risk factor for abruptio placentae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Roberto Cabar

    2004-10-01

    relationship between previous cesarean section and abruptio placentae. METHODS: a retrospective study reviewed 6495 deliveries between April 2001 and January 2004. The adopted inclusion criteria were: clinical diagnosis of abruptio placentae confirmed by placental examination after delivery, single pregnancy, birth weight >500 g, gestational age >22 weeks and no history of abdominal trauma. Five controls were selected for each abruptio placentae case and were matched for the following parameters: parity, gestational age ( 30 weeks, maternal arterial hypertension during pregnancy, presence of nonobstetrical uterine scar, premature rupture of membranes and polyhydramnios. Statistical analysis of continuous variables was perfomed by Student's t test. Statistical significance of the comparisons of categorical variables was evaluated by the chi2 test or by the Fisher exact test. p values <0.05 were considered to be significant. RESULTS: thirty-four cases of abruptio placentae were included (incidence 0.52%. The control group included 170 cases that fulfilled the matching criteria. The incidence of previous cesarean section in the abruptio placentae group was 26.5% (9 cases and in the control group it was 21.2% (36 cases. No significant difference was found between the groups (p=0.65, OR=1.34, CI 95%=0.53-3.34. CONCLUSION: the present study was not able to demonstrate association between abruptio placentae and previous cesarean section.

  8. [Post-mortem cesarean sections in Puerto Rico, 1805-1807].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigau-Pérez, J G; Villaizán, M

    1991-03-01

    The idea of saving an infant by incising the abdomen of the recently deceased mother was first put into practice in ancient times, and the Catholic Church endorsed its use to provide baptism for the infant's soul. The practice received official support in Madrid in 1804 with a Real Cédula (royal order) of Charles IV to the civilian and ecclesiastic officials of the Indies and the Philippines. This operation was used, before the cédula, in Spain, Mexico, Venezuela and Peru, but in Puerto Rico this order seems to have provoked the practice of post-mortem caesarean section. In a review of burial records of the San Juan cathedral for 1797 to 1814, one such operation is mentioned (1807), but the records of Cayey (a town in the mountains) from 1801 to 1812 show three cases (1805-6). We transcribe here (with modern spelling) the cédula and burial certificates, and we then comment on their significance. PMID:1854384

  9. Effects of high quality nursing care on breast feeding after cesarean section%优质护理对剖宫产术后母乳喂养的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方肖琼

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate and analyze the effect of high quality nursing service on breast feeding after cesarean section.Methods 200 cases of cesarean delivery pregnancy in our hospital during January 2013 and June 2014 were selected as the research object, and then they were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 100 cases in each group.The control group received routine nursing after caesarean section, while the observation group adopted health education, psychological counseling, breast care, posture and dietary nutrition guidance in addition to basic nursing after operation.Results In the observation group, the initial time of lactation was significantly shorter than that in control group (P<0.05).48h after cesarean section the rate of meet the needs of milk in observation group was significantly higher than that of control group (P<0. 01).3d after cesarean section pure breast-feeding rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in control group (P <0.01).Conclusions The quality nursing can effectively shorten the cesarean section postoperative lactation time, increase the amount of milk and improve the pure breastfeeding rate.%目的:探讨分析提供优质护理服务对剖宫产产妇母乳喂养的影响。方法在2013年1月至2014年6月间在我院选择剖宫产术后的产妇200例作为研究对象,并将其随机分为观察组和对照组各100例。对照组按剖宫产术后常规护理,观察组采取除了基本术后护理外提供了健康知识教育、心理疏导、乳房护理、体位及饮食营养的指导。结果观察组泌乳始动时间显著短于对照组(P<0.05),观察组产妇术后48 h母乳满足需求率显著高于对照组(P<0.01),观察组产妇术后3 d纯母乳喂养率显著高于对照组( P<0.01)。结论优质的护理能够有效缩短剖宫产妇术后泌乳始动时间,增加泌乳量,对纯母乳的喂养率有很大提高,

  10. The Investigation and Analysis of Cesarean Section Rates in an Upper Sec-ond-Class Hospital%某二级甲等医院剖宫产率调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐晓娟

    2014-01-01

    Objective Aim To assess the trend in caesarean section rate, and find the causes and solutions to the high rate of ce-sarean section.Methods According to the annual reports of midwifery services from 2009 to 2013, the numbers of natural child-birth, caesarean section and others were analyzed to assess variations in caesarean sections. Forty-nine parturient women that se-lect cesarean delivery without clinical indications in the upper second-class hospital during the period of January-March 2014 are investigated by using self-designed questionnaire.Results The caesarean section rates of five years in this hospital are all higher than the national average. Its average caesarean section rate reaches to 71.40%, and the proportion of caesarean section without medical indications increases year by year. Among parturient women, the proportion of caesarean section for fear of labor pain is 89.80%, and lucky day selection cannot be ignored as a social factor for caesarean section.Conclusion To an upper second-class hospital, the hospital should improve the level of health care services in all possible conditions, and restrain the increasing of ce-sarean section rate from technical aspects. However, the reduction of cesarean section rate is not just a medical problem, but also a social problem, and it requires joint efforts of the whole society.%目的:评估剖宫产率的趋势,发现剖宫产率居高不下原因及解决措施。方法根据某院2009年1月-2013年12月助产技术年度服务报表,按照自然分娩数、剖宫产数等进行统计分析。对该院2014年1~3月入院在没有临床指征前提条件下选择剖宫产分娩的49名产妇,采用自行设计的调查问卷进行问卷调查。结果该院5年的剖宫产率均超过全国平均水平,平均值达到71.40%,且无指征剖宫产比例逐年增高。产妇中因为“害怕分娩疼痛”而选择剖宫产的占89.80%,“选好日期”这一社会因素也不容忽视。结

  11. 产妇剖宫产率及剖宫产术手术指征变化趋势分析%Analysis on change trend of cesarean section rate and operative indications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程虹; 周爱梅; 符爱贞

    2015-01-01

    [Objective] To compare the change trend of cesarean section rate and operative indications,provide a scientific basis for promoting natural childbirth and optimizing birth outcomes.[Methods] The data of 26 465 parturient women in Haikou Women and Children Hospital from January 2010 to September 2014 were analyzed by retrospective method,and the chi square trend test was used to compare the change trend of cesarean section rate with time [Results] 26 465 parturient women aged 17-47 years old and 27 137 newborn were enrolled in this study,and the average age of parturient women was (29.7±4.9) years old.The cesarean section rate decreased from 37.0% in 2010 to 33.5% in 2012,rebounded to 35.5% in 2013,dropped again to 31.8% in 2014,and the cesarean section rate decreased in 5 years (P<0.01),while rate of vaginal delivery showed a rising trend (P<0.01).The first operative indication for cesarean section was sociological factor in 2010 and 2011,accounting for 18.2% and 17.1% respectively.The sociological factor dropped to the 3rd place in operative indications for cesarean section in 2012,accounting for 10.8%,and then dropped to 8th place in 2013 and 9th place in 2014,which the constituent ratio was 5.0% and 3.8% respectively.The operative indication of advanced maternal age raised from 9th place in 2010 and 2011,which accounted for 5.2% and 4.2% respectively,to 6th place in 2012 with the constituent ratio of 8.9%,and then raised to 4th place in 2013 and 2nd place in 2014,which the constituent ratio was 1 1.1% and 12.8% respectively.[Conclusion] Since 2010,the cesarean section rate in the hospital has showed a downward trend,but remained at a high level.The influence from sociological factor on cesarean section has reduced,while the influence from advanced maternal age is increasing.%目的 比较剖宫产率及剖宫产手术指征的变化趋势,为促进自然分娩、优化分娩结局提供科学依据.方法

  12. Analysis of the risk factors of poor healing of uterus incision after cesarean section%剖宫产术后影响子宫切口愈合不良的相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    党淼

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the risk factors of poor healing of uterus incision after cesarean section, to provide basis for clinical prevention of uterus poor healing of incision. Methods A total of 968 cases with cesarean section in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi College of TCM from Apr 2012 to Aug 2014 were selected, including 31 cases with poor healing of incision were selected as observation group, 50 patients with well healing of incision in the same period were selected as control group, the factors may cause poor healing were contrast analyzed. Results The incidence of uterine fibroids, anemia, diabetes, history of previous cesarean delivery, premature rupture of membranes of observation group were higher than control group, the body mass index, operation time and blood loss of observation group were also higher than control group, while the ratio of postoperative preoperative antibiotic use of observation group was lower than control group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0. 05). Conclusion Obesity, anemia, diabetes, postpartum blood loss, long operation time, gestational hypertension, premature rupture of membranes, uterine fibroids, the history of cesarean section and preoperative lack use of antibiotics are the related risk factors of poor healing of uterus incision after cesarean section, proper measures should be conducted in practical operations, in order to reduce the probability of poor healing of incision.%目的:分析造成剖宫产术后子宫切口愈合不良的相关危险因素,为临床防止切口愈合不良提供参考依据。方法收集2012年4月至2014年8月陕西中医学院第二附属医院收治的968例剖宫产手术患者的临床资料,其中31例切口愈合不良患者作为观察组,选取同期切口愈合良好患者50例作为对照组,对可能造成切口愈合不良的因素进行对照分析。结果观察组患者的妊娠期高血压、子宫肌瘤、贫血、糖尿病、胎膜

  13. 3种剖宫产术后2次剖宫产术盆腹腔粘连情况观察%Observation on the pelvic and abdominal adhesion during the second cesarean section after three kinds of cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伊丽努尔·伊力亚斯; 迪丽胡玛

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨Stark式刮宫产术后腹膜及膀胱腹膜反折愈合及粘连发生情况.方法:采用回顾性分析的方法,对剖宫产术后2次开腹手术患者腹膜及膀胱腹膜反折粘连发生情况进行观察.其中,Stark式剖宫产术后2次开腹手术69例(A组),下腹纵切口式剖宫产术后2次开腹手术128例(B组),Pfannenstiel切口式剖宫产术后2次开腹手术41例(C组).比较3组患者剖宫产术后腹壁切口愈合情况以及腹直肌、腹膜、大网膜、膀胱腹膜反折愈合粘连发生情况;比较3组患者剖宫产手术时间.结果:①腹壁切口愈合好,瘢痕纤细:A组85.5% (59/69),B组32.0% (41/128),C组75.6%(31/41);②腹直肌粘连:A组23.2% (16/69),B组52.3%(67/128),C组12,2%(5/41);③大网膜粘连:A组11.6(8/69),B组55.5%(71/128),C组24,4% (10/41);④腹膜粘连:A组15.9% (11/69),B组46.1% (59/128),C组12.2% (5/41);⑤膀胱腹膜反折粘连:A组15.9% (11/69),B组54.7% (70/128),C组12.2% (5/41).腹壁切口愈合及腹直肌、大网膜、腹膜、膀胱腹膜反折粘连情况,A组明显优于B组,两组比较,差异有统计学意义(P0.05);B组手术时间长于A、C组,经比较差异有统计学意义(P0.05).结论:Stark式剖宫产腹壁切口愈合及减少腹直肌、大网膜、腹膜、膀胱腹膜反折粘连方面明显优于下腹纵切口式剖宫产术;虽然与Pfannenstiel切口式剖宫产术相比差异无统计学意义,但Stark式剖宫产具有诸多公认的优点,值得推广.%Objective: To explore the recovery and adhesion of peritoneum and vesical peritoneal reflection after Stark cesarean section. Methods: A retrospective analysis method was used to observe the occurrence of peritoneum adhesion and vesical peritoneal reflection adhesion during the second cesarean section after cesarean section. The study objects were composed of 69 cases after Stark cesarean section (A group), 128 cases after vertical lower segment cesarean section (B group) and 41 eases after

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  13. Treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting after spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery: A randomized, double-blinded comparison of midazolam, ondansetron, and a combination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitra Jabalameli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The antiemetic efficacy of midazolam and ondansetron was shown before. The aim of the present study was to compare efficacy of using intravenous midazoalm, ondansetron, and midazolam in combination with ondansetron for treatment of nausea and vomiting after cesarean delivery in parturient underwent spinal anesthesia. Materials and Methods: One hundred thirty two parturients were randomly allocated to one of three groups: group M (n = 44 that received intravenous midazoalm 30 μg/kg; group O (n = 44 that received intravenous ondansetron 8 mg; group MO (n = 44 that received intravenous midazoalm 30 μg/kg combined with intravenous ondansetron 8 mg if patients had vomiting or VAS of nausea ≥ 3 during surgery (after umbilical cord clamping and 24 hours after that. The incidence and severity of vomiting episodes and nausea with visual analog scale (VAS > 3 were evaluated at 2 hours, 6 hours, and 24 hours after injection of study drugs. Results: The incidence of nausea was significantly less in group MO compared with group M and group O at 6 hours postoperatively (P = 0.01. This variable was not significantly different in three groups at 2 hours and 24 hours after operation. The severity of nausea and vomiting was significantly different in three groups at 6 hours after operation (P < 0.05. Conclusion: Our study showed that using intravenous midazolam 30 μg/kg in combination with intravenous ondansetron 8 mg was superior to administering single drug in treatment of emetic symptoms after cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia.

  14. 卡前列甲酯栓预防高危因素剖宫产出血的临床研究%Clinical investigation of carboprost in prevention of risky postpartum hemorrhage in cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    门敏超

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨在有出血高危因素的剖宫产术中应用卡前列甲酯栓(卡孕栓)是否能有效减少术中及术后出血,了解卡孕栓在预防剖宫产术中术后出血的效果。方法2013年7月-2014年2月在我院产科选择有出血高危因素的剖宫产产妇400例,随机分为卡孕栓+缩宫素组及缩宫素组各200例。卡孕栓组在胎儿娩出后,胎盘娩出前予卡孕栓1 mg舌下含化及缩宫素20单位宫体注射;缩宫素组予缩宫素20单位宫体注射。记录2组术中、产后2 h、产后24 h出血量。结果卡孕栓组术中、产后2 h、产后24 h出血量比缩宫素组显著减少。结论卡孕栓可以有效减少有出血高危因素剖宫产术中术后出血,且用药安全。%Objective To investigate the clinical effect of carboprost in prevention of risky intra-operative and postopera-tive bleeding in cesarean section .Methods 400 cases of cesarean section parturients with high postpartum hemorrhage risk were chosen in our hospital from July 2013 to February 2014 and were randomly divided into a carboprost +oxytocin group and a oxytocin group,each with 200 cases.For the carboprost +oxytocin group,sublingual carboprost 1mg and 20 units of oxy-tocin injection were administered after fetus delivery and before placental expulsion .For the oxytocin group ,20 units of oxytocin injection were given .The hemorrhage blood volume was recorded intra-operatively ,2 hours and 24 hours after operation .Re-sults The carboprost +oxytocin group's hemorrhage blood volume was significantly lower than that of the oxytocin group in the above recorded time points .Conclusion Carboprost is proved to be safe and can effectively reduce the risk factors of bleeding after cesarean section .

  15. 剖宫产中新生儿产伤临床特征及相关危险因素探究%Study of the Risk Factors and Clinical Features of Birth Injury during Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫匡颖

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo investigate the risk factors and clinical features of birth injury during cesarean section.Methods80patientswith birth injury accepted cesarean section in our hospital from September 2012 to August 2014 were selected as the observation group in this study, intervention treatment was implemented during this period. At the same term another 80 cases with birth injury who didn't accepted cesarean section our hospital were selected as the control group, who only received conventional nursing during the period of treatment. Observed and compared the types of birth injury for statistical analysis in the two groups, while screening the risk factors of birth injury furtherly through the multi-factor Logistic regression analysis. Results The neonatal birth trauma mainly concentrated in the skin soft tissue damage, cranial hematoma, intracranial hemorrhage in the observation group, which different from the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P0.05). The multi-factor Logistic regression analysis showed that the gestational age, birth weight, 5 minutes Apgar score and delivery technology were risk factors of birth trauma ( P0.05);单因素分析显示,性别、产次与产伤发生无明显相关性,差异具有统计学意义(P>0.05);胎龄、新生儿体重、5分钟Apgar评分以及出生地与产伤发生明显相关,且差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);通过多因素Logistic回归分析新生儿发生产伤的危险因素,结果显示,胎龄、新生儿体重以及接产技术是新生儿发生产伤的独立危险因素(P<0.05)。结论胎龄、新生儿体重以及接产技术与剖宫产中新生儿发生产伤密切相关,对照以上因素,产前进行全面检查,准确评估胎儿胎龄以及体重,提高接产技术,加强相关干预措施对新生儿以及孕妇健康具有重要意义。

  16. Respiratory distress syndrome in late preterm neonates delivered by elective cesarean section%选择性剖宫产与晚期早产儿呼吸窘迫综合征的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴倩倩

    2013-01-01

    Late preterm neonates have immature respiratory systems and higher incidence of respiratory distress syndrome compared with term neonates.With the increase rate of elective cesarean section world-wild,the association between elective cesarean section and late preterm neonates respiratory distress syndrome has attracted a huge attention.Clinical data have showed that the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome was significantly increased in late preterm neonates delivered by elective cesarean section.The delay of lung fluid movement dilutes the concentration of pulmonary surfactant and causes the alveolar collapse.Compared with early preterm neonates,the respiratory distress syndrome of late preterm neonates appears later with a worse reaction of pulmonary surfactant and higher incidence of complications.Thus,vaginal delivery of late preterm neonates is the optimal choice and early diagnosis and therapy of respiratory distress syndrome is very important.%晚期早产儿的呼吸系统发育尚未完全成熟,因此和足月儿相比有更高的呼吸窘迫综合征发病率.随着选择性剖宫产率在世界范围内的迅速增加,选择性剖宫产和晚期早产儿呼吸窘迫综合征的关系越来越引起重视.临床资料显示,选择性剖宫产会导致晚期早产儿呼吸窘迫综合征发病率显著增加.其主要因为肺液排除延迟,吸收不良,导致肺泡表面活性物质浓度稀释,达不到生物学效应,肺泡萎陷.与早期早产儿相比,晚期早产儿发生呼吸窘迫综合征往往症状出现迟,肺泡表面活性物质效果不理想,如治疗不及时,易发生其他并发症.因此,对于晚期早产儿呼吸窘迫综合征的防治应尽可能经阴道分娩,一旦出现呼吸窘迫综合征症状,应早期诊断、及时救治.

  17. Application of Vertical Uterine Incision with Hip Traction Midwifery in Cesarean Section%子宫纵切口加臀牵引助产在剖宫产术中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小英; 余静

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨纵切口加臀牵引助产在剖宫产术中的应用。方法:从阿尔及利亚马斯卡拉省立医院妇产科采集,收集2010年11月~2012年11月3556例剖宫产的数据资料,并对其中采用子宫纵切口加臀牵引助产术式75例与对照组75例的临床资料进行分析比较。结果:子宫纵切口加臀牵引助产术式,从手术开始到胎儿娩出时间、手术总时间、术中出血量等明显低于对照组;两组在子宫切口延长损伤及子宫切口愈合差异比较有着显著的统计学意义(P<0.01和P<0.05)。结论:子宫纵切口加臀牵引助产娩胎儿容易,可避免子宫下段严重损伤,减少母儿并发症的发生。%Objective:To investigate the longitudinal incision hip traction midwifery in cesarean section.Methods:From the Algeria Provincial Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology acquisition mascara, data collected in November 3 556 cases of cesarean section in 2010 November~2012 years, and the use of uterine longitudinal incision and buttock drawing midwifery 75 cases and control group of 75 cases of clinical data were analyzed and compared.Results:The delivery time(from the beginning of surgery to fetus), total surgery time and blood loss of the cesarean section which operated with longitudinal uterine incision and hip traction midwifery style, were significantly lower than the control group, while the extended injury of uterine incision and incision healing were proved to be statistically significant (P<0.01 and P<0.05).Conclusion:Longitudinal uterine incision with hip traction midwifery make an easy childbirth, avoid serious injury of the lower uterine segment, and reduce the incidence of complications of mother and child.

  18. 孕期健康教育对降低初产妇剖宫产率的效果观察%Observation on effect of health education during pregnancy for primiparas to reduce the rate of cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琼慧

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨孕期健康教育对降低初产妇剖宫产率的效果。方法:选择预产期在2014年1-6月的在本中心建立《上海市孕产妇健康手册》的初产孕妇666例作为观察组,进行一系列健康教育;选择预产期在2013年1-6月的在本中心建册的初产孕妇608例作为对照组,未进行任何干预。对比两组最终分娩方式选择情况。结果:观察组剖宫产率低于对照组,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:加强孕期健康教育可降低剖宫产率。%Objective:To explore the effect of health education during pregnancy for primiparas to reduce the rate of cesarean section.Methods:I selected 666 cases of primiparas whose due dates are in January to June in 2014 and who had established“Maternal health handbook in the city of Shanghai”at our center as the observation group,and then provided a series of health education to them.I selected 608 cases primiparas whose due dates are in January to June in 2013 and who had established“Maternal health handbook in the city of Shanghai”at our center as a control group,without any intervention.We compared the two groups of final delivery mode selection.Results:The rate of cesarean section of the observation group was lower than that of the control group.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:Strengthening health education during pregnancy can reduce the rate of cesarean section.

  19. Clinical Observation of Tramadol and Metoclopramide in Treatment of Shivering During Cesarean Section%曲马多联合甲氧氯普胺治疗剖宫产术中寒颤的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

     Objective To observe treatment effect and adverse reactions of using tramadol and metoclopramide to treat shivering in cesarean section. Methods One hundred ASA I~II parturient patients, who were undergoing elective cesarean section, were included in the study. They were randomly assigned to one of two groups – Group T and Group MT. Group T receives 1mg/kg tramadol iv after delivery. Group MT receives 10mg metoclopramide iv followed by 1mg/kg tramadol iv. Monitor scale of shivering, incidence of nausea and vomiting, dizziness, respiratory depression and incidence of extrapyramidal reactions. Results 97% remission rate and 82% cure rate of shivering was observed after tramadol was given. Group T showed 70% incidence of nausea and vomiting. Group MT showed 86% less incidence of nausea and vomiting compared to Group T. Conclusion 1mg/kg tramadol is effective in preventing and treating shivering in cesarean section. Metoclopramide is effective in reducing nausea and vomiting caused by tramadol.%  目的观察曲马多联合甲氧氯普胺对剖宫产术中寒颤的治疗效果及不良反应。方法拟择期行剖宫产术产妇100例,ASA1-2级,随机分为二组:曲马多组(T组),曲马多联合甲氧氯普胺组(MT组)。胎儿取出后T组给予曲马多1mg/kg静注,MT组给予甲氧氯普胺10mg静注之后再给予曲马多1mg/kg静注。观察寒颤评分、恶心呕吐、头晕、呼吸抑制及锥体外系反应发生情况。结果曲马多组寒颤缓解率为97%,治愈率为82%,恶心呕吐发生率为70%,曲马多联合甲氧氯普胺组恶心呕吐发生率降低86%。结论曲马多1mg/kg能有效预防和治疗剖宫产术中的寒颤,甲氧氯普胺能有效减少曲马多引起的恶心呕吐。

  20. Blood Glucose Alterations in Spinal versus General anesthesia in those undergoing Cesarean Section Delivery

    OpenAIRE

    Alireza Manafi; Habibollah Zakeri; Fatemeh Salahyan; Marzieh Tavassoli; Fahimeh Shekoohi; Roya Kokabi; Sahar Khazforoosh

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Major body injury or surgery is associated with reproducible metabolic and hormonal responses. Alteration of blood glucose levels is one of the necessary metabolic changes to surgical stress. Surgical techniques and different methods of anesthesia are factors that can help to control and balance the body’s hormones. One of the most effective ways for decline the endocrine-metabolic response is local anesthesia. We conducted this study to compare the measurement of blood glucose ...

  1. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF 6% HYDROXYETHYL STARCH (450/0 . 7 AND RINGER’S LACTATE AS PRELOADING FLUID FOR PREVENTION OF HYPOTENSION DURING SPINAL ANESTHESIA IN ELECTIVE CESAREAN DELIVERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javid

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available We compared the efficacy of volume preloading with Ringer’s Lactate and Hydroxyethyl starch (HEAS 6% 450/0 . 7 on the onset and incidence of spinal - induced hypotension in elective cesarean delivery . 60 healthy parturients scheduled for elective cesarean se ction under spinal anesthesia were selected for the study . Group A was preloaded with 1000ml of RL while as group B preloaded with 500ml of 6% HEAS (450/0 . 7 over a period of 10 minutes just prior to the administration of spinal anaesthesia . Immediately af ter the preloading period, subarachnoid block was instituted with 2 . 5ml of Bupivacaine 0 . 5% (heavy at L3 - L4 or L4 - L5 interspace using 26 Gauge Quinke’s spinal needle in sitting position . The patient were then positioned supine with left lateral tilt . Ade quate block was obtained and height of block was tested by pinprick method using blunt needle . Hypotension following spinal anaesthesia was treated with 6 mg bolus doses of Ephedrine and additional rapid infusion of Ringer’s lactate solution . All were admi nistered supplemental oxygen 5L/min by venturi mask throughout the period of surgery . Intraoperatively, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure were monitored every 2 minutes for the first 20 minutes and eve ry 5 minutes thereafter till the end of surgery . Spo2 and ECG were monitored continuously throughout the period of surgery . In addition, height of the block, amount of blood loss, amount of vasopressor required, and amount of i . v fluids used intraoperative ly and any allergic reactions to i . v fluids were noted . All parturients received 10 IU of oxytocin i . v infusion after delivery of baby . These observations were analyzed to get information on the onset and incidence of hypotension, intraoperative requiremen ts of Ephedrine, and i . v fluids, and incidence of adverse effects like nausea and / or vomiting . The incidence of hypotension in group A was 60

  2. 护理干预对剖宫产术后母乳喂养的影响%Impact on Nursing Intervention on Breastfeeding after Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文兰

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To explore the nursing intervention to improve the ef ects of cesarean section of breastfeeding. Method: select 2011 January to 2013 June in our hospital ful -term cesarean section maternal 400 cases, were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 200 cases in each group, the observation group was treated with nursing intervention; the control group was given routine nursing care. Results: the group of early sucking, frequent sucking, control group on-demand feeding significantly bet er, improve breastfeeding. Conclusion: the nursing intervention after cesarean section, improve the success rate of breastfeeding, conducive to maternal and child health.%目的:探讨护理干预对提高剖宫产术母乳喂养的影响。方法选择2011年1月~2013年6月在我院足月剖宫产分娩的产妇400例,随机分为观察组和对照组各200例,观察组采用护理干预;对照组给予常规护理。结果观察组早吸吮,勤吸吮,按需喂养情况明显优于对照组,提高母乳喂养。结论剖宫产术后采用护理干预措施,提高母乳喂养的成功率,利于母婴的健康。

  3. Investigation of the health education on 86 maternal with cesarean section%剖宫产产妇86例健康教育的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜秀

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨健康教育在剖宫产围术期中的应用效果。方法:收治子宫下段剖宫产产妇86例,对其进行健康教育。结果:86例产妇无静脉血栓、腹胀、乳腺炎等,只有1例尿管拔出后小便未能自解,需重新导尿。结论:在剖宫产围术期对产妇进行健康教育,使产妇积极参与新生儿护理和自我护理,有利于促进产妇身心康复,增进母子感情。%Objective:To explore the application effect of health education in perioperative period of cesarean section.Methods:86 patients with lower uterine segment cesarean section were selected,and then we carried on the health education for them.Results:All of those 86 maternal had no venous thrombosis,abdominal distension,mastitis or other symptoms,and only 1 case could not self urination after pulling out the catheter,and needed to recatheterization.Conclusion:Taking health education on maternal in the perioperative period of cesarean section can help the maternal actively participate in the self nursing and the newborn care,so it is helpful to promotion of maternal physical and mental rehabilitation,and enhance the bonding.

  4. Effect of different labor cesarean section on maternal and neonatal outcomes%不同产程剖宫产术对母婴结局的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海英

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of different labor cesarean section on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Methods The clinical data of 80 patients of cesarean section in the first stage of labour in our hospital from June 2009 to June 2011 (the study group) were retrospectively analyzed, as well as that of 85 patients of cesarean section in the second stage of labour (the control group). All the patients were followed up for 3-6 months. The intra-operative status of patients, incidence of postoperative complications, and neonatal clinical outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results The intraoperative status, incidence of postoperative complications, and neonatal clinical outcomes after treatment were all significantly better in the study group than the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Cesarean section in the first stage of labor can significantly reduce the risk of surgery, lower the incidence of maternal complications, and enhance the life quality of newboms.%目的 探讨不同产程剖宫产术对母婴结局的影响.方法 选择本院2009年6月至2011年6月收治的第一产程剖宫产80例产妇病例资料(实验组)进行回顾性分析,另选择同期85例第二产程剖宫产的产妇作为对照组.随访3~6个月,比较两组产妇的术中情况、并发症发生率和新生儿临床结局.结果 两组比较,治疗后实验组产妇的术中情况、术后并发症发生率和新生儿临床结局均优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 第一产程剖宫产术可明显降低术中风险,减少产妇术后并发症发生率,增强新生儿生命质量.

  5. Effect of aromatherapy massage on pain easing after cesarean section%香薰按摩对减轻剖宫产术后疼痛的效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽燕; 周嘉燕; 陈毓婵; 贺辉; 刘伟平; 罗震; 廖拾零; 余凤仙; 陈霞萍; 蔡丽萍

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨香薰按摩对减轻剖宫产产妇术后疼痛的效果.方法 随机选择无慢性躯体疾病、无精神障碍、新生儿出生时健康、术后不使用麻醉镇痛泵的住院行剖宫产的初产妇456例,随机分成对照组和干预组各228例.对照组实施产后常规护理,干预组在常规护理的同时实施全身植物精华香薰按摩,比较两组剖宫产术后产妇切口疼痛、子宫收缩疼痛及产后相关的其他躯体疼痛不适和镇痛药物的使用情况.结果 干预组产妇术后不同时间的疼痛程度明显优于对照组(P<0.05),干预组产妇术后24 h后不再需要使用镇痛药物.结论 香薰按摩能有效减轻剖宫产产妇术后的疼痛程度,减少镇痛药物的使用次数.%Objective To discuss the effect of aromatherapy massage on pain easing after cesarean section.Methods 456 primiparas without chronic body disease,mental disorder,postoperative analgesia or unhealthy neonates were selected and randomly divided into control group(228 cases)and experimental group(228 cases).The control group received routine care,and the experimental group received plant essence aromatherapy massage besides routine care. Postpartum incision pain,uterine contraction pain and other body discomfort,as well as analgesic drug use after cesarean section were compared between the two groups. Results The degree of the pain at different stages in the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group(P <0. 05). Analgesic drug was not needed 24 hours after cesarean section in the experimental group. Conclusions Aromatherapy massage effectively eases pain after cesarean section and reduces analgesic drug use.

  6. Pregnancy after Cesarean Section in the Trial Production in the Application of Shrinkage Clinical Analysis of Oxytocin%剖宫产术后再次妊娠于试产中应用缩宫素的临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋炳文; 李百鸥

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the pregnancy vaginal trial production again after cesarean section in the application of oxytocin mother to son outcome of clinical analysis. Methods A retrospective analysis in January 2011~December 2012 pregnancy pregnant again after cesarean section wil trial-produce and applied to the clinical data of 56 cases of oxytocin. Results Application of oxytocin induced labor or labor application of oxytocin in 56 cases, 41 cases of successful vaginal delivery, cesarean section 15 cases, success rate 73.21%, no uterine rupture. Conclusion Pregnancy vaginal trial production application of oxytocin again after cesarean section is safe and effective.%目的探讨剖宫产术后再次妊娠阴道试产中应用缩宫素对母儿结局的临床分析。方法回顾性分析2011年1月~2012年12月剖宫产术后再次妊娠的孕妇意愿试产并应用缩宫素56例的临床资料。结果应用缩宫素引产或产程中应用缩宫素56例,成功阴道分娩41例,行剖宫产15例,成功率73.21%,无子宫破裂。结论剖宫产术后再次妊娠阴道试产中应用缩宫素安全有效。

  7. 护理干预对剖宫产并发寒战的效果分析%Effect Analysis of Nursing Intervention on Shivering after Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐亚萍; 尤卫红; 朱富强

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To observe the effective nursing intervention on prevention and reducing the effect of cesarean section complicated with chills. Method:136 cases of cesarean mothers were randomly divided into experimental and control groups,each group had 68 cases,the experimental group used detailed nursing intervention measures,the control group used perioperative general care. Result:The experimental group shivering in 6 cases(9.68%),the control groups shivering in 22 cases(36.67%),the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion:Effective nursing intervention can significantly reduce the incidence of maternal shivering after cesarean section.%目的:观察实施有效护理干预对预防和减少剖宫产并发寒战的效果。方法:将136例剖宫产产妇按随机数字表法分成试验组和对照组,每组各68例,试验组制定详细的护理措施进行干预,对照组按照围术期一般护理常规进行护理。比较两组寒战发生率。结果:试验组发生寒战6例,占9.68%,对照组发生寒战22例,占36.67%,试验组明显低于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:术中实施有效护理干预可以明显降低剖宫产产妇寒战的发生率。

  8. Risk of Chronic Low Back Pain Among Parturients Who Undergo Cesarean Delivery With Neuraxial Anesthesia: A Nationwide Population-Based Retrospective Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chia, Yuan-Yi; Lo, Yuan; Chen, Yan-Bo; Liu, Chun-Peng; Huang, Wei-Chun; Wen, Chun-Hsien

    2016-04-01

    To investigate the risk of chronic low back pain (LBP) in parturients undergoing cesarean delivery (CD) with neuraxial anesthesia (NA). LBP is common during pregnancy and also after delivery, but its etiology is poorly understood. Previous studies that investigated the correlation between epidural labor analgesia and chronic low back pain were inconclusive. These studies lacked objective diagnostic criteria for LBP and did not exclude possible confounders. We performed this nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study to explore the relationship between CD with NA and subsequent LBP. From the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), we identified all primiparas who had given birth between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2013. Using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) procedure codes, we identified the women who had vaginal delivery (VD) and those who had CD. The mode of anesthesia was ascertained by the NHI codes. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the odds of postpartum LBP in women undergoing CD with NA compared with those having VD. The outcome was a diagnosis of LBP according to the first ICD-9-CM diagnosis code. The patients were observed for 3 years after delivery or until diagnosis of postpartum LBP, withdrawal from the NHI system, death, or December 31, 2013. Of the 61,027 primiparas who underwent delivery during the observation period, 40,057 were eligible for inclusion in the study. Of these women, 27,097 (67.6%) received VD, 8662 (21.6%) received CD with spinal anesthesia, and 4298 (10.7%) received CD with epidural anesthesia (EA). Women who received CD with EA were found to have higher risk of LBP than did women who received VD, with the adjusted OR being 1.26 (95% CI: 1.17-1.34). CD with EA might increase the risk of subsequent chronic LBP.

  9. History of Cesarean Section Associated with Childhood Onset of T1DM in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Phillips

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Newfoundland and Labrador (NL has one of the highest incidences of Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM worldwide. Rates of T1DM are increasing and the search for environmental factors that may be contributing to this increase is continuing. Methods. This was a population-based case control design involving the linkage of data from a diabetes database with live birth registration data. 266 children aged 0–15 years with T1DM were compared to age- and gender-matched controls. Chi-square analysis and multivariate conditional logistic regression were carried out to assess maternal and infant factors (including maternal age, marital status, education, T1DM, hypertension, birth order, delivery method, gestational age, size-for-gestational-age, and birth weight. Results. Cases of T1DM were more likely to be large-for-gestational-age (P=0.024 and delivered by C-section (P=0.009 as compared to controls. C-section delivery was associated with increased risk of T1DM (HR 1.41, P=0.015 when birth weight and gestational age were included in the model, but not when size-for-gestational-age was included (HR 1.3, P=0.076. Conclusions. Birth by C-section was found to be a risk factor for the development of T1DM in a region with high rates of T1DM and birth by C-section. These findings may have an impact on health practice, health care planning, and future research.

  10. Preference for Institutional Delivery and Caesarean Sections in Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Kamal, S M Mostafa

    2013-01-01

    In Bangladesh, preference for place of delivery and socioeconomic factors associated with caesarean section are not well-understood. This paper examines the socioeconomic correlates of preference for institutional delivery and caesarean sections in Bangladesh. The study used data from the nationally-representative 2007 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. Both bivariate and multivariate binary logistic regression models were constructed to assess the effect of sociodemographic factors on...

  11. 剖宫产瘢痕处妊娠32例分析%Analysis of 32 cases of cesarean section scar in pregnancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成健; 黄森

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨剖宫产切口瘢痕妊娠(CSP)的诊断和治疗。方法回顾性分析我院收治32例CSP患者的临床资料。结果18例选择子宫动脉栓塞术+刮宫术,12例行药物治疗,2例由外院急诊转入。结论彩色多普勒阴道超声检查是诊断剖宫产术后瘢痕妊娠的首选影像学手段,治疗应个体化,切忌盲目刮宫。%Objective To explore the diagnosis and treatment of cesarean section incision scar pregnancy. Method The clinical data of 32 cases of patients with CSP were analyzed retrospectively. Results 18 patients choose uterine artery embolization and curettage,12 routine drug therapy, 2 cases by emergency into the outer court. Conclusion Color doppler transvaginal ultrasonic inspection is the first choice for diagnosis of scar pregnancy after cesarean section imaging diagnosis and treatment should be individualized, avoid by all means is blind and curettage.

  12. Cesarean Scar Pregnancy: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z Vahedpoor

    2015-07-01

    Conclusion: Previous cesarean scar pregnancy if not detected early can be associated with high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, the possibility of this pregnancy should be considered in pregnant women with uterine bleeding, abdominal pain as well as a history of cesarean section. It should be noted that after previous cesarean scar pregnancy was definitely diagnosed via ultrasound examination, treatment necessitates to be started utilizing methotrexate to ensure the future fertility of the mother.

  13. Controlling hemorrhage by carprost suppsitioria administration with holding uterine out of abdomen cavity in cesarean section%子宫托出法加卡孕栓对减少剖宫产出血量的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林柏青; 曾永忠; 蔡志敏

    2010-01-01

    technique of holding uterine out of abdomen cavity.Conclusion Administration of carprost suppsitioria 0.5 mg sublingually with surgical technique of holding uterine out of abdomen after delivery of placenta have good effects in reducing hemorrhage during cesarean section.

  14. 剖宫产术后切口愈合不良危险因素调查%CESAREAN SECTION RISK FACTORS FOR POOR WOUND HEALING RESEARCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洪星; 郭文玲; 李宁

    2012-01-01

    [目的]分析剖宫产术后切口愈合不良的危险因素,总结护理措施,以提高剖宫产患者切口愈合的质量.[方法]采用病例对照的研究方法,对某院110例行剖宫产术后伤口愈合不良患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析,与同时期剖宫产术后愈合良好组在有关不良危险因素方面进行比较分析,提出合理的护理措施.[结果]110例剖宫产患者伤口轻度愈合不良者72例(65.45%),中度25例(22.73%),重度13例(11.82%);与对照组比较发现,影响切口愈合的危险因素为:BMI高、基础疾病、术前未预防应用抗生素、无菌操作不严格、手术时间长.[结论]多种危险因素影响切口的愈合.提高认识,正确指导孕期保健,做好产前检查、围术期给予药物进行预防、控制病房内细菌的数量,积极采取应对护理措施,以提高切口愈合质量.%[Objective] To analyze the risk factors of poor wound healing during cesarean section, and summary care measures to improve the quality of wound healing in patients with cesarean section. [Methods] A case-control study of 110 hospital routine cesarean section wound healing in patients with clinical data were retrospectively analyzed, and compared the risk factors with the same period a good set of healing after cesarean section to propose effective preventive measures. [Results] Among 110 cases of cesarean section, 72 patients had mild wound healing (65.45%) , 25 cases had moderate wound healing (22,73%), 13 cases had severe wound healing (11.82% ). Compared with the control group, we found that the impact of risk factors for wound healing, inclding higher BMI, underlying disease, preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, non-strict aseptic and long time surgery. [Conclusion] Multiple risk factors affect wound healing, awareness, proper guidance to prenatal care, good prenatal care, preoperative administration of drugs for the prevention, control the number of bacteria within ward, take

  15. Anesthetic management of a parturient with placenta previa totalis undergoing preventive uterine artery embolization before placental expulsion during cesarean delivery: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jae Woo; Song, In Ae; Ryu, Junghee; Park, Hee-Pyoung; Jeon, Young-Tae; Hwang, Jung-Won

    2014-10-01

    Placenta previa totalis can cause life-threatening massive postpartum hemorrhage, and careful anesthetic management is essential. Preventive uterine artery embolization (UAE) before placental expulsion was introduced to reduce postpartum bleeding in cases of placenta previa totalis. We describe the case of a 40-year-old woman (gravida 0, para 0) with placenta previa totalis and uterine myomas who underwent intraoperative UAE, which was preoperatively planned at the strong recommendation of the anesthesiologist, immediately after delivery of a fetus and before removal of the placenta during cesarean delivery under spinal-epidural anesthesia. After confirming embolization of both uterine arteries, removal of the placenta resulted in moderate bleeding. The estimated blood loss was 2.5 L, and 5 units of red blood cells were transfused. The parturient was discharged uneventfully on postoperative day 4. This case shows that the bleeding risk is reduced by intraoperative UAE in a patient with placenta previa totalis, and anesthesiologists have an important role in a multidisciplinary team approach.

  16. 孕妇要求不合理剖宫产影响因素分析%The Analysis of Factors Influencing Pregnant Women Requesting Unreasonable Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文艳玲; 李玲; 陈红花; 任燕华

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨影响孕妇要求不合理剖宫产的相关因素,为孕产期妇女保健工作提供指导.方法 采用病例对照研究的方法,对某三级甲等医院2010年6月~2011年6月的产科分娩病案记录进行回顾调查.结果 产妇年龄大于35岁、居住在城市、文化程度在本科以上、职业为管理人员或者个体私营业主时,其要求不合理剖宫产的危险性会增加,OR值分别为1.26(1.09,2.01),2.14(1.47,2.98),1.55(1.19,2.70),1.63(1.36,2.89),1.85(1.47,2.86).产妇享有医疗保险、剖宫产分娩史以及肥胖(BMI>29)也是产妇要求不合理剖宫产的危险因素,阴道分娩史是产妇要求不合理剖宫产的保护因素,其OR值分别为2.01(1.26,3.15),3.89(2.17,6.32),1.19(1.02,2.01),0.46(0.21,0.76).结论 应有针对性地加强孕产期妇女保健知识的宣传教育工作,从而控制剖宫产过度使用.%To explore the factors which influence pregnant women requesting unreasonable cesarean section (CS) , and to provide guidance for maternal care. Methods We constructed a case-control study to analyze the medical records of pregnant women who delivered between June, 2010 and June 2011. Results Pregnant women with the following characteristics were more likely to request unreasonable CS: older than 35, living in the city, education level above the bachelor degree, administrative staff or private owners, the OR were 1. 26(1. 09,2. 01) ,2. 14 (1. 47,2. 98) ,1. 55(1. 19,2. 70) ,1. 63(1. 36,2. 89) ,1. 85(1. 47,2. 86) .respectively. Having health insurance, CS delivery history and obesity were risk factors for women to request unreasonable CS, while the vaginal delivery history was protective factors, the OR were 2. 01 (1. 26 , 3. 15) , 3. 89 (2. 17 , 6. 32) , 1. 19 (1. 02 , 2. 01) , 0. 46 (0. 21, 0. 76) , respectively. Conclusions In order to control the excessive use of CS, it is necessary to strengthen health education for pregnant women.

  17. 50例剖宫产术后产后出血的临床分析%Clinical analysis of cesarean section in 50 cases of postpartum hemorrhage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    班迎芝

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨剖宫产手术后产后出血的发病时间、发病原因,并找出合适的防治措施。方法:对我院2012年1月-2013年1月收治的50例剖宫产手术后产后出血患者进行回顾性分析,探讨患者的病因和时间。结果:患者的发病原因包括:子宫收缩乏力(常见前置胎盘,胎盘早剥,巨大儿,子痫前期,羊水过多,多胎妊娠),胎盘粘连或胎盘植入等。结论:剖宫产出血多在手术后1-2小时内出现,医生应该在手术过程中减少患者的感染因素,在治疗后对患者进行全方位的护理干预,从而有效减少患者感染现象。%Objective: To investigate postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean delivery time of onset, etiology, and identify appropriate mitigation measures. Methods: Patients with postpartum hemorrhage after my hospital in January 2012 January 2013 50 cases were treated cesarean analyzed retrospectively investigate the cause and time of the patient. Results:The etiology of patients include: uterine atony (common placenta previa, placental abruption, great children, pre-eclampsia, polyhydramnios, multiple pregnancy), placenta accreta or placental implantation. Conclusion: cesarean bleeding within 1-2 hours after surgery, the doctor there should reduce infection factors in patients during surgery, in the treatment of patients with a ful range of nursing interventions, thus effectively reducing the phenomenon of infected patients.

  18. Estado neurológico e cardiorrespiratório de filhotes de cães nascidos de parto normal ou de cesariana sob anestesia geral inalatória com sevofluorano Neurological and cardiocirculatory investigation of dog neonates born by normal parturition or cesarean section on sevoflurane inhalation anesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Tozadore Gabas

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available A anestesia obstétrica possibilita um procedimento mais seguro para a mãe e para os fetos. Em medicina veterinária, no entanto, a literatura científica a respeito do assunto é deficiente. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o grau de depressão neurológica, hemodinâmica e respiratória fetais provocado pelo agente anestésico, em que as mães foram submetidas ao parto normal ou à cesariana, utilizando-se sevofluorano como agente de manutenção anestésica, comparando-o com o parto normal. Foram realizados seis partos normais (GN e seis cesarianas (GC, avaliando-se um total de 36 filhotes. As cesarianas foram realizadas utilizando-se acepromazina, propofol e sevofluorano (GC e os neonatos foram avaliados clinicamente ao primeiro, quinto e décimo minuto de nascimento, nos dois grupos. Observou-se maior depressão respiratória nos filhotes nascidos de cesariana. Contudo, apesar dessa depressão, o protocolo anestésico empregado não comprometeu de maneira importante a viabilidade e a saúde das mães e dos filhotes, demonstrando ser seguro em cadelas gestantes.The obstetric anesthesia must be safe for mother and puppies and about this, the literature is pour. This study was aimed at evaluating the neurological, hemodinamic and respiratory changes in neonates provoked by the anestesic agent as a result of normal parturition and cesarean section employing sevoflurane as the maintenance agent. Six deliveries (GN and six cesarean sections (GC were performed. The cesarean sections were performed under general anesthesia using acepromazina maleate, propofol and sevoflurane. Thirty six puppies were evaluated and the neurologic reflexes were worse in that were born through cesarean section. However, we concluded that despite the anesthetic depression, the protocol employed didn,t affect in any important way the viability and health of the mothers and puppies, being suitable for cesarean sections.

  19. Caesarean Section, Vaginal Delivery and Post Natal Depression

    OpenAIRE

    MH Baghianimoghadam; D Shodjaee zadeh; AH Aminian

    2009-01-01

    "nBackground: Depression is a kind of sorrow that decreases the level of juiciness. Most studies have maintained that psy­chological risk factors have the most profound effect on the development of postnatal depression (PND). We compared the postnatal depression among the women with elective caesarean and vaginal delivery. "nMethods: This cross- sectional study was carried out on 120 women 1-4 months after their delivery. Samples were divided in two groups (60 mothe...

  20. The clinical efficacy of methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil in the interventional treatment of uterine incisional pregnancy after cesarean section: a comparative study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To compare the interventional therapeutic efficacy of methotrexate (MTX) with that of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in treating uterine incisional pregnancy after cesarean section. Methods: A total of 92 patients with uterine incisional pregnancy after cesarean section, who were admitted to the hospital during the period from 2007 to 2010, were randomly divided into two groups: group MTX and group 5-FU. Patients in group MTX (n=46) received intra-arterial infusion of MTX (60-200) mg, which was followed by arterial embolization. Patients in group 5-FU (n=46) received intra-arterial infusion of 5-FU (1000-1250) mg, which was followed by arterial embolization. After the treatment the serum β-HCG and progesterone levels were determined daily for three succeeding days. The patients were followed up for three months. The clinical results were compared between the two groups. Results: The cure rates in group MTX and group 5-FU were 97.2% and 100%, respectively. No significant difference in cure rate existed between the two groups (P>0.05). A rapid fall in the serum β-HCG and progesterone levels within 1-3 days after the treatment were detected in 40 cases of group MTX and 38 cases of group 5-FU, and the decreasing extent was over 50%-80%, but the difference between the two groups was not significant (P>0.05). At the operation day, all patients of both groups had abdominal pain, and three patients in group MTX and 2 patients in 5-FU group had nausea and vomiting, but the difference between the two groups was not significant (P>0.05). During the follow-up period, no significant difference in the recovery time of the mental cycle and the hormone levels were found between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: For the interventional treatment of uterine incisional pregnancy after cesarean section, the use of MTX has the same clinical efficacy as the use of 5-FU does. (authors)

  1. Influence of nursing intervention on breastfeeding after cesarean section%护理干预对剖宫产术后母乳喂养的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨护理干预对剖宫产术后母乳喂养影响。方法:收治剖宫产产妇100例,随机分为观察组和对照组各50例。对照组给予常规护理,观察组在常规护理的基础上给予一系列的护理干预。对两组数据进行对比。结果:观察组的母乳喂养率明显高于对照组。观察组的初次泌乳时间、产后泌乳充足率等情况均优于对照组。结论:针对性的护理干预能够较好地满足产妇的情感需要,增加剖宫产术后乳汁的分泌,提高母乳喂养质量。%Objective:To explore the influence of nursing intervention on breastfeeding after cesarean section.Method:100 cases of maternal with cesarean section were randomly divided into the observation group and the control group,with 50 cases in each group.The control group were given conventional nursing care,and the observation group were given a series of nursing intervention on the basis of conventional nursing care.The two sets of data were compared.Results:The breastfeeding rate of the observation group was obviously higher than that of the control group.The first lactation time,postpartum lactation ratios and so on of the observation group were better than those of the control group.Conclusion:Targeted nursing intervention could meet the emotional needs of maternal better and increase the lactation secretion after cesarean section and improve the quality of breastfeeding.

  2. Targeted monitoring of incision infection caused by cesarean section%剖宫产手术切口感染的目标性监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋月平

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨剖宫产切口感染的易感因素.方法 采用目标性监测,收集剖宫产手术切口感染危险因素及病原学资料.结果 1310例剖宫产中有62例发生切口感染,感染率4.73%,切口感染的危险因素为:肥胖、贫血、基础疾病、滞产或胎膜早破、应用抗菌药物、手术时间长、术中失血;62例切口感染者共培养病原菌30株,其中革兰阳性球菌17株,占56.67%,革兰阴性杆菌11株,占36.67%,真菌2株,占6.67%.结论 多种因素影响手术切口感染,对高危人群可采取有效措施,预防手术切口感染.%OBJECTIVE To explore the susceptible factors for incision infections due to cesarean section. METHODS Targeted monitoring was adopted, the risk factors for incision infections of cesarean section and the data on etiology were collected. RESULTS The incision infections occurred in 62 of 1310 cases who underwent cesarean section with the infection rate of 4. 73 %. The risk factors for incision infections included obesity, anemia, underlying diseases, prolonged labor or fetal premature rupture of fetal membrane, use of antibiotics, long duration of operation, and intraoperative hemorrhage. Of the 30 strains of pathogens cultured from patients with incision infections, there were 17 strains of gram-positive cocci, accounting for 56. 67%, 11 strains of gram-negative bacilli, accounting for 36. 67% and there were 2 strains of fungi, accounting for 6. 67%. CONCLUSION There are many factors that can influence the surgical incision infections. It is necessary for the high-risk population to take effective measures to prevent surgical incision infections.

  3. Experience of intraoperative uterus bleeding cesarean section among 15 cases%剖宫产术中子宫出血15例防治体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁云青

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To discuss the experience of intraoperative uterus bleeding cesarean section for 15 cases. METHODS 50 patients with uterine bleeding during childbirth and cesarean section were selected from January 2008 to December 2010 in obstetrics and gynecology. 50 cases were at the age of 20-35 years old; 16 cases were puerpera, and 34 cases were included. During recent 10 years, 50 cases entered intraoperative hemorrhage uterine cesarean section, eight suture of the uterus bleeding wound and oppression of the uterus were taken. RESULTS The uterus were preserved by effectively stopping bleeding. CONCLUSION Each case with massive bleeding may happen maternal, and need to alert instance lactation. Each instance surgery should take the strict preoperative discussion and risk assessment, prepare blood, especially for severe anemia, thrombocy-topenia or blood coagulation disorders.%目的 就剖宫产术中子宫出血15例防治体会进行探讨.方法 选取2008年1月~2010年12月某院妇产科进行剖宫产分娩且子宫出血的患者50例,50例中年龄为20~35岁;经产妇为16例,初产妇为34例.该院近10年来剖宫产术中遇到子宫大出血50例,采取了8字缝合子宫出血创面及压迫缝合子宫法.结果 有效制止出血成功保留子宫.结论 每一例产妇均有发生大出血可能,需要警觉每一例产妇.每一例手术需要有严格的术前讨论和风险评估,做好配血和备血,对重度贫血、血小板减少或凝血功能障碍术前要纠正.

  4. Incision cesarean section scar pregnancy version of the intervention of nursing%剖宫产切口瘢痕妊娠介入治疗的护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛忠玲

    2012-01-01

      Objective:To expcore incision cesarean section scar pregnancy intervention treatment nuring key points. Methods:Summarize 10 cases of cesarean section scar pregnancy nursing intervention treatment,before the number of tiems must then,patient decubitus choice|. disease observation,the postoperative complications prevention.Results:10 cases in cision cesaren section scar pregnancy after uterine artery embocism after treatment,aii one-time success,after the qing dynasty palace without a massive haemorrhage.Conclusion:After uterive qrtery interventional therapy in cision scar pregnancy,carry of comprehensive care,than traditional conservative treatment offect is good,the risk small,can effectively control hemorrhage,shorten hospitalization time,to qvoid the relevant risk factors%  目的:探讨剖宫产切口瘢痕妊娠介入治疗的护理要点。方法:总结10例剖宫产瘢痕妊娠的护理,术前物品准备,术中患者卧位选择、病情观察。术后并发症预防结果:10例剖宫产切口瘢痕妊娠经子宫动脉栓塞治疗后,均一次性成功,术后清宫无一例大出血。结论:经子宫动脉介入治疗瘢痕妊娠,进行护理干预比传统保守治疗效果好,风险小,能有效控制出血,缩短了住院时间,避免了相关危险因素。

  5. Changes in vaginal breech delivery rates in a single large metropolitan area.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hehir, Mark P

    2012-06-01

    Vaginal breech delivery rates have been accepted widely to be in decline and the Term Breech Trial (TBT) has recommended delivery of a breech-presenting infant by elective cesarean section delivery. Our aim was to examine the rate of vaginal delivery of term breech pregnancies in the 8 years before and after the publication of the TBT.

  6. A Prospective Cohort Study Evaluating the Ability of Anticipated Pain, Perceived Analgesic Needs, and Psychological Traits to Predict Pain and Analgesic Usage following Cesarean Delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brendan Carvalho

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. This study aimed to determine if preoperative psychological tests combined with simple pain prediction ratings could predict pain intensity and analgesic usage following cesarean delivery (CD. Methods. 50 healthy women undergoing scheduled CD with spinal anesthesia comprised the prospective study cohort. Preoperative predictors included 4 validated psychological questionnaires (Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI, Fear of Pain (FPQ, Pain Catastrophizing Scale, and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and 3 simple ratings: expected postoperative pain (0–10, anticipated analgesic threshold (0–10, and perceived analgesic needs (0–10. Postoperative outcome measures included post-CD pain (combined rest and movement and opioid used for the 48-hour study period. Results. Bivariate correlations were significant with expected pain and opioid usage (r=0.349, anticipated analgesic threshold and post-CD pain (r=-0.349, and perceived analgesic needs and post-CD pain (r=0.313. Multiple linear regression analysis found that expected postoperative pain and anticipated analgesic needs contributed to post-CD pain prediction modeling (R2=0.443, p<0.0001; expected postoperative pain, ASI, and FPQ were associated with opioid usage (R2=0.421, p<0.0001. Conclusion. Preoperative psychological tests combined with simple pain prediction ratings accounted for 44% and 42% of pain and analgesic use variance, respectively. Preoperatively determined expected postoperative pain and perceived analgesic needs appear to be useful predictors for post-CD pain and analgesic requirements.

  7. A Prospective Cohort Study Evaluating the Ability of Anticipated Pain, Perceived Analgesic Needs, and Psychological Traits to Predict Pain and Analgesic Usage following Cesarean Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Brendan; Zheng, Ming; Harter, Scott; Sultan, Pervez

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. This study aimed to determine if preoperative psychological tests combined with simple pain prediction ratings could predict pain intensity and analgesic usage following cesarean delivery (CD). Methods. 50 healthy women undergoing scheduled CD with spinal anesthesia comprised the prospective study cohort. Preoperative predictors included 4 validated psychological questionnaires (Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI), Fear of Pain (FPQ), Pain Catastrophizing Scale, and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire) and 3 simple ratings: expected postoperative pain (0-10), anticipated analgesic threshold (0-10), and perceived analgesic needs (0-10). Postoperative outcome measures included post-CD pain (combined rest and movement) and opioid used for the 48-hour study period. Results. Bivariate correlations were significant with expected pain and opioid usage (r = 0.349), anticipated analgesic threshold and post-CD pain (r = -0.349), and perceived analgesic needs and post-CD pain (r = 0.313). Multiple linear regression analysis found that expected postoperative pain and anticipated analgesic needs contributed to post-CD pain prediction modeling (R (2) = 0.443, p psychological tests combined with simple pain prediction ratings accounted for 44% and 42% of pain and analgesic use variance, respectively. Preoperatively determined expected postoperative pain and perceived analgesic needs appear to be useful predictors for post-CD pain and analgesic requirements.

  8. Spontaneous Uterine Rupture at 15 Weeks' Gestation in a Patient with a History of Cesarean Delivery after Removal of Shirodkar Cerclage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serika Kanao

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A pregnant woman presented with acute upper abdominal pain and nausea at 15 weeks' gestation. She had a history of cesarean delivery for abruption after the removal of a Shirodkar cerclage that was placed because of cervical shortening caused by conization. She became pregnant again 14 months later. Ultrasonography revealed no significant findings, and a single intrauterine pregnancy with positive fetal heart activity was confirmed. An intestinal obstruction was suspected because abdominal radiography showed multiple air–fluid levels in the colon. Over the 3 hours following admission, her symptoms gradually worsened, and plain abdominal computed tomography (CT showed a large hemorrhage in the abdominal cavity, but the uterine wall appeared intact at this time. Subsequently, dynamic CT revealed discontinuity of the uterine muscle layer. During laparotomy, uterine rupture with complete opening of the uterine wall at the site of the previous transverse scar was identified. A dead fetus was located within the amniotic sac in a blood-filled abdominal cavity. She received a total of 10 units of packed red blood cells and 6 units of fresh frozen plasma for the resuscitation. She was discharged on the eighth postoperative day without any complications.

  9. Analysis of Correlated Risk Factors of Postpartum Hemorrhage after Cesarean Section%剖宫产产后出血相关危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马春艺; 刘增佑; 张小平

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the risk factors of postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section . Methods A total of 5210 cases of cesarean section from Shenzhen City Nanshan People′s Hospital from Jan.2011 to Dec.2013 were selected,including 89 cases of postpartum hemorrhage,which were assigned to case group,and another 89 cases without postpartum hemorrhage were assigned to control group.The risk fac-tors of postpartum hemorrhage were analyzed .Results The influencing factors of postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section included in multiple pregnancy(OR=2.568,95%CI 1.411-3.724),placenta praevia (OR=7.199,95%CI 4.663-9.736),placental adherence or implantation or placental abruption (OR =2.951,95%CI 1.735-4.166),uterus scar(OR =2.881,95%CI 1.683-4.078),uterine inertia(OR =8.207,95%CI 5.902-10.512),inhibitor of antepartum uterine contraction (OR =4.865,95%CI 3.073-6.656) and coagulation disorders (OR =3.004,95%CI 1.771-4.237).Conclusion The incidence of postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section is still high .Preventive measures at the risk factors should be a-dopted to lower the incidence of the complication .%目的:探讨剖宫产产后出血的相关危险因素。方法选择2011年1月至2013年12月在深圳市南山人民医院妇产科实施剖宫产产妇5210例,术后发生出血89例,以发生产后出血的患者为病例组,同时选择未出血的89例剖宫产患者为对照组,研究可能影响产后出血的相关危险因素。结果影响产后出血的因素包括多胎妊娠(OR =2.568,95%CI 1.411~3.724)、前置胎盘(OR =7.199,95%CI 4.663~9.736)、胎盘粘连或植入或早剥(OR=2.951,95%CI 1.735~4.166)、子宫瘢痕(OR=2.881,95%CI 1.683~4.078)、子宫收缩乏力(OR=8.207,95%CI 5.902~10.512)、产前子宫收缩抑制剂( OR =4.865,95%CI 3.073~6.656)、凝血功能障碍( OR =3.004,95%CI 1.771~4.237)。

  10. Nursing Experience of Urinary Retention after Cesarean Section%浅谈产科术后尿潴留的护理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚伟

    2014-01-01

    Obstetric operation after catheter removal due to various causes of dysuria cause urinary retention, if processing is undeserved, prone to urinary tract infections, the clinical brought great suf ering to the patients. The nursing problems of urinary retention after cesarean section, talk about understanding yourself.%产科手术拔除尿管后常因各种原因引起排尿困难导致尿潴留,如处理不当容易发生泌尿系统感染,临床上给患者带来极大的痛苦。本文就剖宫产术后尿潴留的护理问题,谈一下自己的体会。

  11. 剖宫产手术部位感染临床特点分析%Clinical characteristics of surgical site infections after cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金丽君

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨剖宫产手术部位感染(SSI)临床特点及预防措施.方法 回顾性分析剖宫产2450例产妇的临床资料;观察病原菌分布、SSI发生情况及相关因素、临床结果.结果 2450例剖宫产产妇合并SSI共80例,占3.26%;检出病原菌52株,革兰阴性杆菌40株,革兰阳性球菌12株,SSI组年龄大、检查和治疗次数多、体质量指数高、术前身体状况分级低、试产时间长、瘢痕子宫比例高、手术时间长,是SSI的危险因素,SSI经过治疗均痊愈,住院时间(7.12±2.56)d,长于非SSI组的(5.22±2.13)d,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 剖宫产术发生SSI发生率较高,虽然愈合良好,但延长住院时间,应采用合理方法预防SSI,做好产前检查保健工作、提高手术水平、合理使用抗菌药物.%OBJECTIVE To explore the clinical characteristics of surgical site infection (SSI) after cesarean section and preventive measures. METHODS The clinical data of 2450 cases receiving cesarean section were retrospectively analyzed; the incidence of SSIt distribution of the pathogens, related factors of SSI, and clinical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS Totally 80 of 2450 cesarean section cases were complicated with SSI, accounting for 3. 26%; 52 trains of pathogens were detected, including 40 strains of gram-negative bacilli and 12 strains of gram-positive coccit the aduanced age, frequent examination and treatment, high body mass index, low ASA before surgery, long trial laboring time, high proportion of uterine scar, and long operation time were the risk factors for SSI. SSI patients were healed after treatment. Hospital stay was (7. 12±2. 56) days in SSI group, longer than that in non-SSI group(5. 22±2.13)days, with statistically significant difference (P<0. 05). CONCLUSION Cesarean section is with high incidence of SSI. Although the healing is good, it prolongs hospitalization time. We should adopt reasonable method to prevent SSI, make well

  12. 剖宫产术后疤痕处妊娠的治疗%Treatment of scar pregnancy after cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲秀梅

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the method and effect of treatment of scar pregnancy after cesarean section.Methods:In recent years treated40 cases after cesarean section scar pregnancy patients, all patients were taken bilateral uterine artery methotrexate infusion chemotherapy and embolization with gelfoam particles and, and curettage in 3 to 7 days after operation, intraoperative bleeding volume and scrapings send disease physical examination, uterine curettage after 1 week of transvaginal color Doppler ultrasound examination, review of serum beta hCG.Results:All40 patients were successfully treated by interventional therapy, and the vaginal bleeding after operation, the pregnancy capsule was significantly decreased, and the serum -HCG was significantly decreased. Postoperative curettage with reduced bleeding, scrapings for pathological examination showed villus tissue, have different degrees of degeneration and necrosis;color Doppler ultrasound in the diagnosis of uterine scar, no abnormal echo and blood fiow signal. Conclusion:For bilateral uterine artery methotrexate combined with embolization therapy given to patients with scar pregnancy after cesarean section, and curettage can receive good treatment effect, obviously reduces the gestational sac, effectively reduce the level of serum beta hCG; maximum control uterine bleeding, for patients to preserve the uterus, an effective method for treatment of cesarean section after caesarean scar pregnancy, it is worth in clinical application.%目的:探究剖宫产术后疤痕处妊娠治疗的方法及效果。方法选取近五年收治的40例剖宫产术后疤痕处妊娠患者,所有患者均采取双侧子宫动脉甲氨蝶呤灌注化疗及明胶海绵颗粒栓塞,并在术后3~7天进行清宫术,记录术中的出血量,并将刮出物送病理进行检查,清宫术结束后1周进行阴道彩超检查,复查血β-HCG。结果40例患者均顺利完成介入治疗,术后阴道

  13. El secuestro de Lucina (o cómo detener la epidemia de cesáreas Lucina's kidnap (or how to stop the cesarean section epidemic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavio Gómez-Dantés

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Las cesáreas han tenido un incremento explosivo en la mayoría de los países de ingresos altos y medios en años recientes. En América Latina los porcentajes de partos quirúrgicos alcanzan cifras de 30% en Brasil, 40% en Chile y 36% en México. En este ensayo se describe la relación de las cesáreas con diversas figuras mitológicas, se presenta una breve historia de esta operación y se discute el posible origen de su crecimiento reciente. Dentro de los factores relacionados con esta epidemia destacan los intereses económicos, la oferta de servicios especializados y la poca información que las mujeres embarazadas reciben respecto de las alternativas para el nacimiento de sus hijos. El trabajo concluye con un llamado al control de este tipo de intervenciones atendiendo a experiencias exitosas documentadas.Cesarean sections rates have increased considerably in high- and middle-income countries in recent years. In Latin America the rates of surgical births reached 30% in Brazil, 40% in Chile, and 36% in Mexico. This essay describes the relationship of cesarean section with several mythological characters, presents a brief history of surgical births, and discusses the possible origin of its explosive increase. Among the factors associated to this epidemic we can mention economic incentives, a mounting supply of specialists, and the lack of comprehensive information on birth alternatives for pregnant women.The essay concludes with a call for a generalized control of this procedure based on evidence gathered through different kinds of interventions.

  14. The Effects of Diclofenac Suppository and Intravenous Acetaminophen and their Combination on the Severity of Postoperative Pain in Patients Undergoing Spinal Anaesthesia During Cesarean Section

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niaki, Alireza Seyedi; Jafari, Seyed Yaghoub; Yousefi, Zahra; Aryaie, Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    Introduction The main tasks of postoperative care are postoperative pain and complications control which play an important role in accelerating the recovery of patient’s general condition. Aim This study was performed in order to compare the effects of diclofenac suppository, intravenous acetaminophen and their combination on the severity of postoperative pain in patients undergoing spinal anaesthesia for cesarean section in Sayyad Shirazi teaching Hospital, Gorgon, Iran. Materials and Methods This was a double-blind clinical trial on 90 patients undergoing cesarean section. The patients were randomly divided into three groups, group A: 100 mg diclofenac suppository, group B: 1000 mg intravenous acetaminophen, group C: 100 mg diclofenac suppository and 500 mg intravenous acetaminophen. The same spinal anaesthesia circumstances were applied for all the participants. At the end of surgery, pain severity was assessed according to VAS scale at different times. Data were then analysed by SPSS 18 statistical software. Results The mean age of participants was (28.27±6.07). There was significant difference between the mean pain scores of the three groups before the intervention (p=0.018), which was considered as co-variate. This difference was more notable between the combination of acetaminophen – diclofenac group and diclofenac alone. After the intervention, significant difference was observed in mean pain severity between acetaminophen group and the combination group and also between diclofenac and the combination group. During the study, the least mean pain severity was found in the combination group and the highest was observed in the diclofenac group. Conclusion Results of this study indicates a significant effect of concomitant use of intravenous acetaminophen and diclofenac suppository on pain severity reduction and reducing the need for repeated doses of narcotics and prolonging the postoperative analgesia. PMID:27630929

  15. Association Between Sexual Health and Delivery Mode

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihyon Song, MD

    2014-12-01

    Conclusion: This study suggests that routine episiotomies at delivery should be avoided to improve postpartum maternal sexual function. Maternal age and cesarean section were found to affect postpartum sexual health. Song M, Ishii H, Toda M, Tomimatsu T, Katsuyama H, Nakamura T, Nakai Y, and Shimoya K. Association between sexual health and delivery mode. Sex Med 2014;2:153–158.

  16. Analysis of 102 cases of repeat cesarean section within one year to previous%疤痕子宫间隔1年内妊娠再次足月剖宫产102例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王云霞; 余艳红; 葛绍明; 刘萍; 吴庆莉

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨剖宫产后1年内妊娠再次足月剖宫产的安全性。方法:收集近3年深圳市福田区妇幼保健院及深圳福永人民医院收治的剖宫产术后1年内妊娠至足月的102例孕妇(研究组)及剖宫产术后2~3年妊娠至足月的100例孕妇(对照组)。分析孕妇再次妊娠距前次剖宫产的时间、再次妊娠的原因及此次妊娠的结局。结果:剖宫产术后1年内妊娠者多为4~11个月后妊娠,其终止妊娠方式均为剖宫产,其再次妊娠原因主要为未哺乳或母乳喂养少于4个月,未避孕或避孕失败;子宫下段厚度平均为(0.61±0.28) cm,与对照组(0.53±0.24cm)比较,差异有统计学意义(P0.05);两组的新生儿结局比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:剖宫产术1年内妊娠并维持至足月,并未增加新生儿风险,但其安全性需高度重视。对剖宫产产妇,需在产褥期做好宣教,指导避孕,最好于术后2年再孕,若短期内已妊娠者,应密切观察及时予以适当的产科处理。%Objective:To explore the safety for pregnant women in one year after cesar-ean section and cesarean section again. Method:102 patients with term of pregnancy who ac-cepted cesarean section for less than 1 year and 200 cases with pregnancy after cesarean section 2 to 3 years were collected from recent 3 years from our hospital and Fuyong hospital. We ana-lyze its subsequent pregnancy from the time of previous cesarean section,pregnant reasons and the pregnant outcomes. Result:The time of these women was about 4 to 11 months after cesare-an section. The way of termination of pregnancy was cesarean section. Reasons of repeat preg-nancy due to not breastfeeding,less than 4 months breastfeeding,not contraception or contracep-tive failure. lower uterine segment thickness[(0. 61±0. 28)cm]compare to that in control group [(0.53±0. 24cm)]was significant difference(P0. 05). Their neonatal outcome were no significant differences(P>0 . 05

  17. Successful Delivery of Twin Pregnancy in Class U3b/C2/V1 Uterus by Bilateral Caesarean Section after Spontaneous Conception

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    Yasmine El-Masry

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of a 19-year-old female with class U3b/C2/V1 uterus conceived a twin pregnancy with a fetus in each horn after spontaneous conception. She referred to our department with presentation of premature rupture of membranes, with a history of cesarean delivery of a single full term living fetus a year and a half before this delivery. Examination revealed two completely separate uterine horns with a fetus in each horn, two distinct externally rounded cervices, and a single vagina with a short nonobstructing vaginal septum in the upper part of the vagina. And as the appropriate mode of delivery is still unclear, each case should be managed as the condition requires, and in our case urgent bilateral caesarean sections were performed.

  18. Fatores associados à realização de cesariana em hospitais brasileiros Factores asociados a la realización de cesárea en hospitales brasileros Factors associated with cesarean sections in Brazilian hospitals

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    Karla Simônia de Pádua

    2010-02-01

    sections in Brazilian hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with data from the World Health Organization's Global Data System for Maternal and Perinatal Health, for the Brazilian states of São Paulo, Pernambuco and the Federal District. Data relating to 15,354 women who gave birth between September/2004 and March/2005 were analyzed, according to sociodemographic, reproductive, and hospital-related characteristics. Bivariate analyses - with calculations of the prevalence ratios and respective confidence intervals - and multivariate Poisson regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence ratio of cesarean sections was significantly higher among older women, who were married/living with a partner and with higher body mass index. The following conditions during pregnancy or birth were associated with higher cesarean section prevalence ratio: parturient being diagnosed as HIV-positive, heavier weight and greater head circumference of the newborn, and more prenatal consultations. In regression analysis, the following variables showed direct association with the outcome: parturient being older and with higher schooling level, presence of hypertension/eclampsia, chronic condition or some other medical condition, newborn's greater head circumference, being primiparous, having had a cesarean in the last pregnancy and having received an epidural block or rachidian analgesic during labor. Although the proportion of cesareans was higher in hospitals with a high complexity index, the difference was not statistically significant, as well as for other characteristics of hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: The conditions of the pregnancy, newborn and the sociodemographic and reproductive characteristics of the parturient were independently associated with cesarean delivery. The hospital complexity index was not associated with cesarean delivery, probably due to the homogeneity of the hospital sample.

  19. The effect of targeted nursing intervention on reducing shivering for patients after cesarean section%针对性护理降低剖宫产患者术后寒颤的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽英

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of targeted nursing intervention on reducing shivering for patients after cesarean section.Methods Fifty patients receiving cesarean section between December 2012 and December 2014 were selected as a control group and given conventional nursing.Another fifty patients undergoing the operation in the following year were chosen as the observation group and provided with targeted nursing on basis of conventional nursing.The axillary temperatures were measured while entering the operation room,at the end of anesthesia,at the skin incision,after the delivery of fetus,when the operation was over,and compared between the two groups.Patients'satisfaction degree of nursing care and occurrence rate of postoperative shivering were also compared.Results In the control group,the axillary temperatures were (36.5±0.16)℃,(36.5 ±0.27)℃,(36.4±0.07)℃,(35.8±0.54)℃ and (35.6±0.47 )℃ at five different time points,while in the observation group the values were(36.6± 0.24)℃,(36.4 ±0.25)℃,(36.3 ±0.19)℃,(36.4±0.27)℃ and(36.2±0.37)℃ accordingly.There were significant differences at the same time points between the two groups(F =11.53,P 0.05),but the temperatures were decreased in the control group(t =6.12,P 0.05),而对照组腋温降低(t =6.12,P <0.05)。对照组寒颤发生率为64%,观察组寒颤发生率为14%,观察组低于对照组(χ2=26.27,P <0.01)。对照组总满意度为78%,观察组总满意度为98%,观察组高于对照组(Z =-4.581,P <0.01)。结论针对性护理能有效减小围手术期患者体温波动,降低剖宫产患者术后寒颤发生率,提高护理质量,增加剖宫产患者对剖宫产围手术期护理的满意度。

  20. Deliveries of Four Healthy Neonates after Multiple Myomectomy

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    Sanam Moradan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Two main risk factors of uterine rupture during pregnancy or labor are prior uterine myomectomy and cesarean section. The risk of uterine scar rupture increases with increase of the size and numbers of incision. Severe complications may occur following uterine scar rupture. We report a case with prior large and multiple myomectomies, repeat cesarean sections, deliveries of 4 normal large, alive fetuses without any complication or uterine scars rupture.

  1. Cancer antigen 125 after delivery in women with a normal pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Szecsi, Pal B; Andersen, Malene R; Bjørngaard, Brian;

    2014-01-01

    , Denmark. POPULATION: Eight hundred and one women with expected normal pregnancies were investigated. Of these, 640 delivered vaginally, 82 by emergency cesarean section, and 79 by elective cesarean section; 720 women had uncomplicated pregnancies. METHODS: Samples were collected at gestational weeks 13...... gestational period and around delivery. RESULTS: CA-125 was fairly stable below 35 U/mL during pregnancy but increased markedly during vaginal delivery, to a minor degree during emergency cesarean section, and only slightly during elective cesarean section. In the early postpartum period, CA-125 decreased......OBJECTIVE: To establish reference intervals for cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) in women with expected normal pregnancy, delivery, and early postpartum period. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Obstetrics, Copenhagen University Hospital, Gentofte...

  2. Medical students’ personal choice for mode of delivery in Santa Catarina, Brazil: a cross-sectional, quantitative study

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    Watanabe Tatiane

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The increase in overall rates of cesarean sections (CS in Brazil causes concern and it appears that multiple factors are involved in this fact. In 2009, undergraduate students in the first and final years of medical school at the University of Santa Catarina answered questionnaires regarding their choice of mode of delivery. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the education process affects decision-making regarding the waay of childbirth preferred by medical students. Methods A cross-sectional, quantitative study was conducted based on data obtained from questionnaires applied to medical students. The questions addressed four different scenarios in childbirth, as follows: under an uneventful pregnancy; the mode of delivery for a pregnant woman under their care; the best choice as a healthcare manager and lastly, choosing the birth of their own child. For each circumstance, there was an open question to explain their choice. Results A total of 189 students answered the questionnaires. For any uneventful pregnancy and for a pregnant woman under their care, 8.46% of the students would opt for CS. As a healthcare manager, only 2.64% of the students would recommend CS. For these three scenarios, the answers of the students in the first year did not differ from those given by students in the sixth year. In the case of the student’s own or a partner’s pregnancy, 41.4% of those in the sixth year and 16.8% of those in the first year would choose a CS. A positive association was found between being a sixth year student and a personal preference for CS according to logistic regression (OR = 2.91; 95%CI: 1.03–8.30. Pain associated with vaginal delivery was usually the reason for choosing a CS. Conclusions A higher number of sixth year students preferred a CS for their own pregnancy (or their partner’s compared to first year students. Pain associated with vaginal delivery was the most common reason given for haven chosen

  3. Repercussão da monitorização fetal intraparto sobre os índices de operação cesariana Impact of intrapartum fetal monitoring on cesarean section rates

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    Edson N. Morais

    1998-03-01

    previous CS was the most common cause (32.4%. On the basis of this study, we believe that EFM has no effect in itself on cesarean section rates considering overall deliveries at HUSM. With proper education of the clinician and correct interpretation of the findings, EFM would not increase cesarean section rates, but rather should allow for a more accurate description of intrapartum fetal well-being.

  4. COOK the Double Balloon in the Application of the Cesarean Section History of Mid Pregnancy Induced Labor%COOK双球囊在有剖宫产史中孕引产中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彩兰; 杨赛花

    2014-01-01

    目的:比较剖宫产术后两种引产方法的有效性、安全性。方法分析比较有剖宫产史中孕引产2种方法“双球囊+利凡诺羊膜腔注射引产术(观察组,30例)、米非司酮+利凡诺羊膜腔注射引产术(对照组,28例)”在引产时间(用药到分娩时间)、阴道出血量、胎盘胎膜残留率及软产道损伤等方面的差异。结果对照组和观察组患者的胎盘、胎膜残留率分别为35.7%、37.0%,两组患者差异不显著,无统计学意义(P>0.05)。对照组和观察组患者的阴道出血量分别为(195±80)mL、(178±57)mL,软产道裂伤率分别为14.2%、0,两组患者差异显著具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论有剖宫产史中期妊娠利凡诺羊膜腔注射引产及在此基础上联合COOK双球囊方法安全、有效、可行。%Objective To compare the effectiveness, safety after cesarean section of two kinds of methods of induced labor. Methods Analyze and compare with the history of cesarean section in pregnancy induced labor 2 methods“double balloon+rivanol amniotic cavity injection induced labor surgery (observation group, 30 cases), mifepristone+rivanol amniotic cavity injection induced labor operation (control group, 28 cases)”in the induction time (medication to delivery time), vaginal hemorrhage, placenta caul residual difference rate and soft birth canal injury etc. Results In the control of placental, caul group and observation group patients with residual rates were 35.7%, 37.0%, two groups of patients did not show significant difference, no statistical significance (P>0.05). The observation group and the control group of patients with vaginal bleeding were (195+80)mL, (178+57)mL, soft birth canal laceration rate were 14.2%, 0, two groups were significant difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion Mid term history of cesarean section pregnancy rivanol amniotic cavity injection induced labor and on

  5. 个性化指导提高剖宫产产妇极早期母乳喂养率的探讨%Personalized guidance to improve the rate of cesarean section very early maternal breastfeeding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严期争

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨和研究对剖宫产产妇极早期进行个性化母乳喂养指导的方法,促进产妇尽早分泌乳汁,纠正缺乳现象,满足新生儿的营养需求,提高母乳喂养率。方法:选择200例剖宫产产妇作为研究对象,并将其分成两组,每组各100例。常规组实行常规护理,实施健康宣教,产妇无要求不予个性化指导。实验组安排专职护士,在剖宫产术后极早期给予早接触、早开奶、早吸吮。结果:常规组产妇虽然认识母乳喂养的重要性,但因卧位、疼痛、输液、导尿、监护等导致活动不便未真正做到早接触、早开奶、早吸吮,30min内母乳喂养率仅为12%。而实验组有专职护士指导,30min内母乳喂养率为88%。结论:通过专职护士对剖宫产产妇极早期进行个性化母乳喂养指导,不仅提高了母乳喂养率,还有利于建立融洽的护患关系,提高了产妇对护理服务的满意度,提升医院的形象。%ObjectiveDiscussion and research to personalized cesarean delivery very early maternal breastfeeding guide method, promote maternal lactate as soon as possible, increase the rate of breastfeeding.Methods Choose 200 cases of cesarean section as the research object, maternal and divided into two groups, 100 cases in each group. Regular group of routine nursing. Experimental arrangement nurse, in the very early to give the earlier they touch after cesarean section, early, early sucking milk.Results Regular group within 30 min maternal breastfeeding rate is only 12%. The experimental group the breastfeeding rate was 88% within 30 minutes.Conclusions Through professional nurses to caesarean section maternal breastfeeding individuation guidance very early, not only increase the breastfeeding rate, and to establish a harmonious relationship between nurses and patients, improve the maternal satisfaction to nursing service.

  6. Full-term pregnancy, fetal distress in cesarean section and vaginal midwifery clinical observation%足月妊娠临产胎儿窘迫行剖宫产术与阴道助产术的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈家琼

    2015-01-01

    Objective Analysis of cesarean section and vaginal midwifery curative effect of full-term pregnancy fetal distress in labor. Methods Selection from December 2012 to December 2014 in our hospital to accept delivery of full-term pregnancy labor in 90 cases of maternal fetal distress, randomly divided into observation group and control group, 45 cases in each group, control group given vaginal midwifery, observation group was given cesarean section. Results Neonatal asphyxia rate and other complications observation group were significantly lower than the control group, difference has statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusions The full-term pregnancy fetal distress in labor cesarean section surgery effect is good, can reduce complications, promote the newborn survival.%目的:分析剖宫产术和阴道助产术对足月妊娠临产胎儿窘迫的疗效。方法:选取2012年12月-2014年12月在我院接受分娩的足月妊娠临产出现胎儿窘迫的产妇90例,随机分成观察组和对照组,每组各45例,对照组给予阴道助产术,观察组给予剖宫产术,对比两组的疗效。结果:观察组新生儿窒息率及其他并发症发生率均显著低于对照组,两组比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:对足月妊娠临产胎儿窘迫进行剖宫产手术效果较好,能减少并发症,促进新生儿存活。

  7. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NEONATAL OUTCOME IN CEASAREAN SECTION DONE IN REFERRED CASES VS ELECTIVE CEASAREAN DELIVERY IN A RURAL MEDICAL COLLEGE HOSPITAL

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    Sowmya

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available : OBJECTIVES: To study the fetal outcome of rural referrals undergoing emergency caesarean delivery versus elective caesarean delivery in a tertiary care hospital METHODOLOGY: This comparative study was done at a rural medical college hospital, Karnataka, from October 2010 to October 2011. 50 patients referred to the hospital and who underwent caesarean delivery are emergency group and 50 patients admitted in our hospital who were posted for elective cesarean delivery were the other group in the study with emphasis on indications and perinatal outcome. RESULTS: obstructed labour (34 % was the commonest indication in emergency and previous caesarean delivery (36% being the commonest in elective group. The live birth was 88% in Emergency group as against 100% live births in Elective group. Perinatal mortality from emergency Caesarean sections accounted for 12%, with severe birth asphyxia responsible for most perinatal deaths. There was statistically significant difference in stillbirths, neonatal deaths, and severe neonatal morbidity between emergency and elective caesarean sections-probably related to prolonged labor, asphyxia, and sepsis than in elective caesarean delivery. CONCLUSION: The perinatal mortality was 12%, and the main cause of death was severe birth asphyxia. Emergency caesarean section was more likely than elective to result in a perinatal loss. The indication with the poorest fetal outcome was prolonged obstructed labor. Early diagnosis and timely intervention may result in decrease in incidence of morbidity and mortality. Emergency caesareans, when performed, are often too late to reduce perinatal deaths.

  8. Partial restoration of the microbiota of cesarean-born infants via vaginal microbial transfer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominguez-Bello, Maria G.; De Jesus-Laboy, Kassandra M.; Shen, Nan; Cox, Laura M.; Amir, Amnon; Gonzalez, Antonio; Bokulich, Nicholas A.; Song, Se Jin; Hoashi, Marina; Rivera-Vina, Juana I.; Mendez, Keimari; Knight, Rob; Clemente, Jose C.

    2016-01-01

    Exposure of newborns to the maternal vaginal microbiota is interrupted with cesarean birthing. Babies delivered by Cesarean section (C-section) acquire a microbiota that differs from that of vaginally delivered infants, and C-section delivery has been associated with increased risk for immune and metabolic disorders. Here we conducted a pilot study in which infants delivered by C-section are exposed to maternal vaginal fluids at birth. Similar to vaginally delivered babies, the gut, oral, and skin microbiome of these newborns during the first 30 days of life was enriched in vaginal bacteria underrepresented in unexposed C-section infants, albeit similarity to vaginally-delivered infants was higher in oral and skin than in anal samples. Although the long-term health consequences of restoring the microbiota of C-section born infants remain unclear, our results demonstrate that vaginal microbes can be partially restored at birth in C-section delivered babies. PMID:26828196

  9. 催产素不同使用方法对剖宫产产妇的影响%Efficacy of different use of oxytocin during elective cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐峰; 张先龙; 李法印; 张届新

    2013-01-01

    Objective; To study the efficacy of different use of oxytocin during elective cesarean section. Methods;A total of 160 samples of Anaesthesiologists I and II subjects undergoing cesarean delivery were randomly divided into four groups. Following fetal extraction, the uterus was injected 20 U oxytocin. Women in the A group received 20 U of oxytocin intravenously within 30 seconds. The B group received 10 U of oxytocin within 30 seconds. The C group received 5 U of oxytocin within 30 seconds followed by an infusion of 5 U/h for 2 hours. The D group received 2 U of oxytocin within 30 seconds followed by an infusion of 10 U/h for 2 hours. We detected ECG, NBP, SpO2, hemodynamics and postoperative vaginal bleeding with 24 hours, uterine contractility, and adverse effects after administration of oxytocin,the serum oxytocin concentration at the beginning of injection, 10,30,60 min. Results; After the administration of oxytocin,the MAP in the A and B groups decreased,but the heart rate increased. The incidence of vomiting and nausea was higher in the group A. The serum oxytocin concentration was significantly increased in the group A,B and C.and then decreased. Compared among groups,the serum oxytocin concentration of the group A,B,C and D were decreased by turns. There was no difference among the groups in the vaginal bleeding volume and the uterine contractility. Conclusion; Low dose of oxytocin followed by an infusion could stable the hemodynamics of women during the elective cesarean section and decreased the adverse effects.%目的:研究催产素不同使用方法对产妇血流动力学影响.方法:160例ASA Ⅰ~Ⅱ级剖宫产产妇,在取出胎儿后,子宫注射催产素20 U后,分为4组:A组静脉注射催产素20 U;B组静脉注射催产素10 U;C组静脉注射催产素5U后,持续注射催产素5 U/h 2 h;D组静脉注射催产素2U后,持续注射催产素10 U/h 2 h.监测心电图(ECG)、无创测量血压(NBP)、血氧饱和度(SpO2)、术中及术后24

  10. 自控镇痛对剖宫产产后抑郁症发病率影响的研究%Research in influence of patient-controlled analgesia on incidence of postpartum depression after cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖少玲; 曾三梅; 李小林

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨硬膜外自控镇痛(PCEA)对剖宫产产后抑郁症发病率的影响.方法 将256例单胎足月初次剖宫产妇随机分为研究组]30例和对照组126例,研究组产妇术后保留硬膜外导管与镇痛泵连接,注入镇痛液镇痛,对照组产妇术后拔管,术后4~6 h肌肉注射盐酸哌替啶100 mg,6h后重复1次,总量200 mg.术后观察48h,用放射免疫分析法测定产前、产后24,48h血浆催乳素(PRL)的浓度.产后6周采用爱丁堡产后抑郁量表(EPDS)对2组产妇进行评定,比较2组产妇产后抑郁症的发病率,并进行比较.结果 研究组产妇产后24,48 h血浆PRL水平均明显高于对照组,研究组产妇抑郁症发病率为6.15%,而对照组产妇抑郁症发病率为16.67%,2组比较差异显著.结论 剖宫产术后应用自控镇痛可明显地降低产妇产后抑郁症的发病率,对预防产后抑郁症的发生具有非常重要的现实意义.%Objective To explore the influence of patient-controlled epidural analgesia(PCEA) on incidence of postpartum depression after cesarean section. Methods 256 cases of singleton term primary cesarean delivery were randomly divided into the study group( 130 cases)and the control group( 126 cases).The study group retained analgesia pump connected with epidural catheter,analgesic liquid was injected.In the control group,epidural catheter was removed,and was given intramuscular injection of pethidine hydrochloride 100 mg 4~6 h after operation,repeated 6 h later,total dosage was 200 mg.Postoperative observation time was 48h.Plasma prolactin(PRL) concentration was determined by radioimmunoassay in prenatal,postnatal 24 h and 48 h.Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) was used to assess depression state 6 weeks postpartum in the two groups.The incidence of postpartum depression was compared between two groups. Results The plasma PRL level in the study group was significantly higher than the control group 24 h,48 h postpartum.The incidence

  11. 剖宫产术中缩宫素的应用时机及途径分析%THE PROPER TIME AND WAY OF APPLYING OXYTOCIN IN CESAREAN DELIVERY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵立臻; 朱占娜

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of applying oxytocin in cesarean delivery on uterine contrac‐tion ,the amount of bleeding and heart rate .Methods 540 cases receiving cesarean section from March , 2015 to September ,2015 were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group ,with 270 cases in each group .In the control group ,intravenous injection of 20μof oxytocin was given after fetal head was delivered ,and then preventive antibiotics was given .In the observation group ,10μ of oxytocin was given after the delivery of baby ,and another 10μof oxytocin was given along with the intravenous drip of 500ml of compound sodium chloride solution ,and then antibiotics was given when good uterine contrac‐tion was got or oxytocin was first used when good uterine contraction was not got .The clinical effect of oxytocin on intraoperative bleeding and the proper time for its application in both groups were compared , and the adverse reactions were also observed .Results The amount of intraoperative bleeding was about (180 ± 80)ml ,and good uterine contraction was got without complaint of discomfort in the observation group .In the contrast group ,the amount of intraoperative bleeding was about (220 ± 100)ml ,and the pa‐tients’ heart rates increased with flushing of face .There existed significant difference between the two groups( P < 0 .05) . Conclusion Intravenous drip of oxytocin can produce good clinical effect after the delivery of baby .%目的:探讨剖宫产术中缩宫素的应用时机及途径对子宫收缩、出血量和患者心率的影响。方法选取2015年3月至2015年9月在沂水中心医院施行剖宫产的患者540例,随机分为对照组和观察组,每组各270例。对照组常规于胎头娩出后静脉推注缩宫素20μ,而后应用预防性抗生素;观察组于胎儿娩出后宫体注射缩宫素10μ,另外10μ加入500 m l复方氯化钠液体中静滴,宫缩好时先滴抗生素,否则先滴缩

  12. QCC Application in Improving Breast Feeding Rate of Cesarean Section%品管圈活动在提高剖宫产产妇母乳喂养率中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张锦霞; 刘丽芳

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨品管圈活动对提高剖宫产产妇母乳喂养率的效果。方法:在品管圈活动前先对科室的剖宫产产妇的母乳喂养率进行统计。由10名护士自愿组成一个品管圈,成立质量控制品管圈,确立提高剖宫产产妇母乳喂养率为活动主题,对活动前科室的剖宫产产妇母乳喂养现状进行调查,找出母乳喂养不足或未进行母乳喂养的原因,制定和落实整改措施。结果:通过开展品管圈活动,剖宫产产妇的母乳喂养率较实施品管圈活动前有提高,比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:开展品管圈活动提高了剖宫产产妇的母乳喂养率,提高了产妇满意度,同时也提高了圈员的团队合作精神和质量管理能力。%Objective:To investigate the effect of QCC activities in improving breast feeding rate of cesarean section.Method:The management circle activities in before the hospital cesarean section maternal breastfeeding rate statistics,by 10 nurses voluntarily formed a quality control circle,the establishment of quality control circle,the establishment of increasing cesarean section rate of breastfeeding as the theme,the activity before sections of the cesarean section maternal breast milk feeding status of the investigation,find out the reasons of insufficient breastfeeding breastfeeding,formulate and implement rectification measures.Result:The circle activities of cesarean section rate of breast feeding was improved QCC ago through the development of quality management,by comparison with statistical significance(P<0.05).Conclusion:The QCC increases cesarean section rate of breast feeding and increased maternal satisfaction,but also improve the team cooperation spirit and quality management capability of the ring member.

  13. 剖腹产术后母乳喂养的临床护理体会%Clinical Nursing Experience of Breastfeeding after Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄利

    2014-01-01

    Objective Discuss the clinical ef ect of the nursing to breastfeeding after cesarean section operation .Methods Select 286 cases of the clinical data of cesarean section puerperas , al patients were randomly divided into two groups, the observation group were given comprehensive clinical care, and the control group were given maternity care based on clinical care. Compare the clinical ef icacy of two groups' puerperas. Results The observation group has 97.2% puerperas, breast milk is enough, breastfeeding rates is 93.7%,and the control group has 75.5% puerperas, breast milk is not enough, breastfeeding rates is 81.1%,it had statistical y significant difference ( <0.05). Conclusion The clinical care could significantly improve breast milk secretion,increase breastfeeding rate, it is worth to promote the application clinically.%目的:探讨临床护理对剖腹产术后母乳喂养的临床影响。方法选取286例破腹产产妇,随机分成两组,观察组给予全面临床护理和对照组实施基础产科护理,对比两组产妇的护理效果。结果观察组术后97.2%的产妇泌乳充足,母乳喂养率为93.7%,对照组术后75.5%的产妇泌乳充足,母乳喂养率为81.1%,两组差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论临床护理可以显著改善剖腹产术后母乳分泌情况,提高母乳喂养率,值得在临床上推广。

  14. Management of autonomic hyperreflexia during cesarean section in a woman with spinal cord injury: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李胜平; 唐小丽; 柏朝益; 韩仕碧

    2002-01-01

    @@ Labor is rarely encountered among women with spinal cord injury. Even the report by Goller and Paeslack dealt with 175 cases from 42 centers in 24 countries.1 Management and control methods of this rare condition have not been defined. Autonomic hyperreflexia (AH) is the most serious complication of labor among women with paraplegia and should be carefully controlled. We found epidural anesthesia can safely control AH during labor and delivery.

  15. Timing of elective cesarean delivery at term and neonatal outcomes%足月择期剖宫产的时机与新生儿结局分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭琦; 李雷; 边旭明

    2011-01-01

    目的 比较不同孕周行足月择期剖宫产的新生儿结局.方法 自2002年9月至2009年11月根据北京协和医院产科电子数据库系统登记的所有中国人群的孕产妇资料中,选择妊娠满37周后在临产前没有明确妇产科和内科合并症的宫内单胎活产儿的孕妇施行择期剖宫产的病历资料,采用单因素方差分析母亲的一般情况,采用趋势检验方法比较不同孕周组的新生儿不良事件的发生情况,包括新生儿死亡、呼吸系统疾病(呼吸窘迫综合征或短暂的窒息)、感染(包括败血症)、转入新生儿重症监护病房、在新生儿重症监护病房住院>5 d等.结果 共4565例初次和409例再次足月择期剖宫产病例纳入分析.妊娠39周前行手术者和妊娠39~39+6周中初次剖宫产者占所有足月初次择期剖宫产总数的比例分别为48.1%(2194/4565)和40.0%(1828/4565).再次择期剖宫产者中妊娠39周前和妊娠39~39+6周手术者的比例分别为67.2%(275/409)和29.3%(120/409).未发生围产期胎儿或新生儿死亡.与妊娠39~39+6周相比,妊娠37~37+6周和38~38+6周行择期剖宫产均可能增加新生儿不良事件的发生风险:初次剖宫产,妊娠37~37+6周OR=1.4(95% CI:0.9~2.0),38~38+6周OR=1.1(95%CI:0.9~1.4);再次剖宫产,37~37+6周OR=2.5(95% CI:1.1~5.8),38~38+6周OR=1.3(95%CI:0.6~2.7).结论 我院妊娠39周前的择期剖宫产比例较高,但可能增加新生儿呼吸系统疾病等不良事件的发生风险.建议将妊娠39~39+6周作为择期剖宫产的时机以减少新生儿呼吸系统等不良时间的发生风险.%Objective To compare the neonatal outcomes of different gestational age at which elective cesarean sections at term were performed. Methods All the cases of cesarean section registered in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from September 2002 to November 2009 were collected. Women with viable singleton pregnancies delivered before the onset of

  16. 足月胎膜早破先露衔接对剖宫产指征的影响%Study of the cesarean section indications of fetal presentation engagement in primipara with full-term premature rupture of membrane

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕奔琦; 范建辉; 侯红瑛

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the cesarean section indications of fetal presentation unengagement in primipara with full-term premature rupture of membrane. Methods Five hundreds and ten primipara with premature rupture of membrane at term were divided into 2 groups: the fetal head was not engaged in the birthing process ( study group 218 cases) and engaged in the birthing process( control group 292 cases). The delivery course and the incidence of complication of the mother and infant were compared between 2 groups. The main outcome measure was the rate of caesarean section, indications of cesarean section, the cervical maturity(by Bishop scoring), the rate of fetal distress and newborn asphyxia, et al. Results The rate of cesarean section was higher in study group (64.7%) than that in control group( 17.5% ) ( P <0.01 ), so were the rate of fetal distress, stagnant labor and of failure of induction( P <0.05 ). In the cases of study group, the cervical condition of easy delivery ones was better than that of caesarean section ones. Average neonatal weight of easy delivery ones is lighter than caesarean section ones. Conclusions When the fetal head is not engaged in the birthing process in primipara with premature rupture of membrane at term, the labor induction is difficult. The labor complications are common, and the rate of caesarean section is high because of the loss of amniotic fluid and the poor cervical condition. Primipara at term whose presentation is not engaged in the birthing process should try to avoid premature rupture of membrane. Cervical ripening and induction should be done as soon as possible after membrane rupture.%目的 探讨胎膜早破患者的胎先露衔接情况对剖宫产指征的影响.方法 选择我院2008年4月至2009年4月足月妊娠(孕37~41+6周)分娩的510例胎膜早破初产妇.根据先露衔接与否分为未衔接组(218例)和衔接组(292例).对2组分娩方式、剖宫产指征、宫颈Bishop

  17. Patterns of caesarean-section delivery in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashalla, Yohana J.S.; Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, Gloria

    2016-01-01

    Setting The study was conducted in Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia. Specifically, it was conducted in all healthcare facilities offering maternity and obstetric services. Objective The objective of the study was to explore the patterns of caesarean-section (CS) delivery in Addis Ababa. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out between December 2013 and January 2014. The population for the study were women aged between 15 and 19 years of age who had given birth in the last 1–3 years before the date of data collection. The Census and Survey Processing System software was used for data capturing and analysing both descriptive and inferential statistics using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20.0. Results Amongst the 835 women who delivered at health facilities, 19.2% had given birth by CS. The prevalence of CS based on medical indication was 91.3%. However, 6.9% of CS performed had no medical indication. Private health facilities performed more CSs than public health facilities, 41.1% and 11.7% respectfully. CS was high amongst women of higher socio-economic standing. Conclusion Overall, CS deliveries rate in Ethiopia is above the rate recommended by the World Health Organisation. Because socio-economic factors influence CS delivery, governments should play a key role in regulating performance of CSs in private institutions.

  18. Patterns of caesarean-section delivery in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yibeltal T. Bayou

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Setting: The study was conducted in Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia. Specifically, it was conducted in all healthcare facilities offering maternity and obstetric services.Objective: The objective of the study was to explore the patterns of caesarean-section (CS delivery in Addis Ababa.Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out between December 2013 and January 2014. The population for the study were women aged between 15 and 19 years of age who had given birth in the last 1–3 years before the date of data collection. The Census and Survey Processing System software was used for data capturing and analysing both descriptive and inferential statistics using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20.0.Results: Amongst the 835 women who delivered at health facilities, 19.2% had given birth by CS. The prevalence of CS based on medical indication was 91.3%. However, 6.9% of CS performed had no medical indication. Private health facilities performed more CSs than public health facilities, 41.1% and 11.7% respectfully. CS was high amongst women of higher socioeconomic standing.Conclusion: Overall, CS deliveries rate in Ethiopia is above the rate recommended by the World Health Organisation. Because socio-economic factors influence CS delivery, governments should play a key role in regulating performance of CSs in private institutions.

  19. Mode of delivery and subsequent reproductive patterns. A national follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fussing-Clausen, Caroline; Geirsson, Reynir T; Hansen, Thomas;

    2014-01-01

    % CI 0.76-0.787) decreased likelihood for subsequent delivery. Emergency cesarean section meant 16% fewer (95% CI 0.84-0.85), and vaginal instrumental delivery 4% fewer subsequent deliveries (95% CI 0.95-0.96). Hazard ratios were largely unchanged after controlling for parity and year of birth. Small...

  20. 56 Patients with Placenta Previa Cesarean Delivery Operation%前置胎盘患者56例剖宫产手术观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘帅; 刘颖; 刘莉; 刘明盛; 陈娇

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨剖宫手术在前置胎盘治疗中的临床价值。方法选择我院2011年1月至2014年1月妇产科收治入院的进行剖宫产术的56例前置胎盘患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析。分别比较前置胎盘患者的产后出血量、胎盘前置的不同类型以及胎盘的粘连植入情况,观察患者的手术治疗效果。结果在56例前置胎盘患者中,中央型前置胎盘32例,占57.14%;边缘型前置胎盘9例,占16.07%;部分型前置胎盘15例,26.79%。胎盘发生粘连和(或)植入的患者有33例,占58.93%;中央型前置胎盘患者产后出血量明显多于边缘型与部分型前置胎盘患者(P<0.05);56例患者均为剖宫产术,患者均止血成功,有3例患者因产后出血按摩子宫,注射宫缩药物、结扎子宫动脉和髂内动脉均无效而切除子宫,且全为中央型前置胎盘患者,有2例合并胎盘粘连或植入,1例产后肠梗阻。新生儿57例全部存活。早产儿17例。足月儿39例。2例低体质量儿(35+4周,37+4周)。结论剖宫产术是治疗前置胎盘,保证母儿安全的重要方法。%Objective To study the caesarean section palace in a clinical value in the treatment of placenta previa. Methods Our hospital between January 2011 and January 2014 maternity admitted during the period of cesarean section of the clinical data of 56 patients with placenta previa were retrospectively analyzed. Postpartum haemorrhage amount of patients with placenta previa were compared, the different types of placenta previa and adhesion of the placenta implantation, observe effect of surgical treatment for patients. Results in the 56 patients with placenta previa, central type of placenta previa 32 cases, accounting for 57.14%;borderline placenta previa, 9 cases (16.07%);some type of placenta previa, 15 cases by 26.79%. Placenta conglutination and (or) of patients implanted with 33 cases, accounted for 58.93%;the central

  1. 产科护理新模式在产科中的应用及对降低剖宫产率的影响%NewModelofObstetricCareAppliedinObstetricandtoReducetheRateofCesareanSection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎秀梅

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore speciifc implementation methods of obstetric new care model and its impact on reducing the rate of cesarean section. Methods 2800 cases pending production of healthy maternal were randomly divided into the study group of 1500 cases and the control group of 1300 cases, the control group were given conventional obstetric care, the study group were given a new model of obstetric care for prenatal care intervention. The cesarean section rate of two groups was compared. Results The cesarean section rate of the study group was signiifcantly lower than the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion The new model of obstetric care will help reduce the rate of clinical cesarean section, promote maternal and child healthy.%  目的探讨产科护理新模式的具体实施方法及其对降低剖宫产率的影响。方法将2800例待产的健康孕产妇随机分为研究组1500例和对照组1300例,对照组采用常规产科护理方法,研究组患者采用产科护理新模式实施产前护理干预。比较两组剖宫产率。结果研究组剖宫产率明显低于对照组(P<0.01)。结论产科护理新模式有利于降低临床剖宫产率,促进母婴健康。

  2. 产科急救流程对降低剖宫产术中出血的影响%Emergency procedures to reduce obstetrics cesarean section the influence of intraoperatie bleeding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向本凯

    2012-01-01

    目的探讨应用产科急救流程对剖宫产术中出血的影响.方法将实验组(2010年)完善产科急救流程后的剖宫产妇,与对照组(2007年)完善产科急救流程前的剖宫产妇,进行对比分析两组产妇术时出血的情况.结果实验组剖宫产产妇出血率明显降低(P<0.01),且术中平均出血量比对照组减少,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论规范产科急救流程,可以提高产科救治能力及产科工作质量,降低剖宫产出血率及医疗风险,从而保障母婴的安全及健康.%objective to explore the application of emergency management program for maternity cesarean section the influence of intraoperatie bleeding. Methods will the experimental group (2010) improve obstetrics emergency procedures after cesarean section of the woman management, and control group (2007) perfect the emergency management program of maternity before cesareandelivery woman, Carries on the analysis to two groups of patients intraoperatie bleeding. Results the bleeding was obviously reduce maternal cesarean section (P <0.01), and the average amount of blood loss in this than the control group, reduce statistical significance was found between (P <0.01). Conclusion standard maternity emergency process, you can improve obstetrics treatment ability and maternity work quality, reduce the cesarean section rate and bleeding medical risk to guarantee the maternal and infant safety andhealth.

  3. A Complicated Case of Tacrolimus-Induced Rapid Remission after Cesarean Section in the Early Third Trimester for Refractory Severe Ulcerative Colitis Flaring in the Initial Period of Gestation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takashi Mizushima

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A 36-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with ulcerative colitis at the age of 17 years was referred to our hospital because of severe abdominal pain and repeated bloody diarrhea that persisted during pregnancy despite combination therapy with high-dose corticosteroids and weekly granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA. She underwent combination therapy consisting of high-dose corticosteroids, intensive GMA (two sessions per week and vancomycin, which was used to eradicate Clostridium difficile, under total parenteral nutrition control until the estimated weight of her fetus reached 1,000 g. This combination therapy was partially successful, resulting in almost complete disappearance of abdominal pain and a marked decrease in stool frequency. However bloody diarrhea persisted and the patient developed anemia and hypoalbuminemia and was unable to prolong her gestation time. Cesarean section was conducted at 28 weeks of gestation without any congenital abnormalities or neurological defects. Oral administration of tacrolimus was begun 7 days after cesarean section, which was followed by rapid induction of remission. Corticosteroids were then gradually tapered off. Tacrolimus is one therapeutic option after cesarean section in pregnant patients who do not respond well to GMA and high-dose corticosteroids for persistent active ulcerative colitis.

  4. 影响剖宫产产妇母乳喂养的因素分析及护理对策%Impact of cesarean section factor analysis of breastfeeding and nursing strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高娟; 郭军(指导)

    2012-01-01

      Objective: To investigate the causes and care of the breastfeeding obstacles after cesarean section. Methods: The successful implementation of exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding factor analysis of 150 cases after cesarean section, taken missionary preoperative, intraoperative premature, postoperative early as sucking and select a comfortable breastfeeding position for cesarean section such as nursing response. Results: The maternal eliminate concerns to master the correct techniques of breastfeeding. Conclusion: 90% of mothers discharged from the hospital to have enough milk.%  目的探讨剖宫产术后母乳喂养障碍的原因及护理。方法为使剖宫产产妇成功地实施纯母乳喂养,通过对150例剖宫产术后影响母乳喂养因素的分析,采取术前宣教、术中早接触、术后早吸吮及选择舒适哺乳体位等护理对策。结果使产妇消除了顾虑,掌握了正确的母乳喂养技巧。结论90%的产妇在出院时有了足够的乳汁。

  5. Choice of Delivery in Tehran and Some Related Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoomeh Alimohammadian

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study assessed the influence of maternal request on elective cesarean rate and related factors in maternity hospitals in Tehran.Materials and Method: This cross sectional descriptive analytic study was performed via a two-step random sampling technique, using data from 824 pregnant women who attended the maternity hospitals in Tehran in 2001. A questionnaire covering past and present obstetrical history and demographic characteristics was completed for each mother. SPSS software was used for data analysis. Descriptive analysis and inference tests, including chi-square and t-tests were used. Logistic regression test was also used to find the correlation between variables. P value less than 0.05 was considered for statistical significance.Results: Totally 66.5% of mothers underwent cesarean and 33.5% had normal vaginal delivery. From cesarean cases 72% were elective and of these 22% were done upon maternal request. It was shown that 71% of mothers who selected cesarean had no scientific reason. Also, 65% of doctors suggested cesarean for their patients without any true medical indication. The majority of elective cesareans performed on maternal request were done in private hospitals (86% in private vs. 14% in public hospitals (P<0.0001. High  educational , employment status and first pregnancy significantly increase the demand for cesarean section.Conclusion: Increasing the level of awareness and attitude of mothers and providing painless normal vaginal delivery as well as vaginal delivery after previous cesarean, the frequency of unnecessary cesareans and related complications can be decreased.

  6. GENERALIZED PERITONITIS WITH UTERINE INCISION NECROSIS WITH DEHISCENCE FOLLOWING CESAREAN SECTION PRESE N TING AS GENITOURINARY FISTULA: A UNIQUE COMPLICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhuri

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Generalized peritonitis following lower segment caesarean section with uterine incision necrosis and dehiscence presenting as genitourinary fistula is very unusual. Herein we report a case of 28 years old woman who was received in emergency hours as a referred case from a private nursing home with history of caesarean section done 11 days back for premature rupture of membranes and pregnancy induced hypertension. She came w ith complaints of continuous watery discharge per vaginum , high grade fever with chills and rigor , nausea , vomiting , breathlessness , severe diffuse abdominal pain and distension of abdomen since last 4 - 5 days. Here acute abdomen series was done. The urologist ruled out genitourinary fistula. CECT of abdomen was done. She was diagnosed to be a case of generalized peritonitis following ca esarean section with necrosis and dehiscence of suture line of uterus through which ascitic fluid was being drained into vagina. Consequently , patient underwent laparotomy. Gentle adhesiolysis with supra cervical hysterectomy was done. Thorough drainage an d irrigation of pelvi - abdominal cavity was done. Post - operative period was uneventful

  7. 上海市闸北区高剖宫产率供方因素定性研究%Qualitative study of the effect of health service providers and health care system on high cesarean section rate in Zhabei District of Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨莉敏; 纪红蕾; 杨岭岭; 叶茜

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of knowledge , belief and behavior of health service providers and health care system on high cesarean section rate by in-depth individual interview among medical and nursing staff .Methods Semi-structured interview in qualitative study was applied to conduct in-depth interview among 12 doctors and nurses with different professional titles and positions in two comprehensive hospitals in Zhabei District of Shanghai .The interview was recorded on spot .NVIVO 8.0 was used for analysis .Results Altogether 12 doctors and nurses (6 in hospital A and 6 in hospital B) were interviewed.The longest working age was 30 years (midwife and head nurse ) and the shortest was 2 years ( resident physician ) .All interviewees were fully aware of the impact of different delivery modes on health of mothers and their babies .In case of cesarean section asked for by pregnant women , all interviewees could try to persuade them to have natural delivery .Eleven of 12 subjects believed that they could follow the provision of Shanghai Health Bureau and master cesarean section indications strictly .All interviewees denied that doctors would widen indications of cesarean section because of profit.Most interviewees believed that doctors would not apply cesarean section because of manpower deficiency , but insufficiency of human resources was the main reason for “continuous support during labor” and“pain relief services during labor” not available in both hospitals . All interviewees believed that avoiding medical risks due to strained doctor-patient relationship led to loosening indications of cesarean section were loosened .Conclusion Insufficiency of human resources and intense doctor-patient relationship are two impact factors of cesarean section rate .Human resource should be strengthened in obstetrical department to promote the development of “continuous support during labor” and“pain relief services during labor”.Doctor-patient relationship

  8. 浅谈剖宫产术后伤口感染的因素调查与护理分析%Factors and nursing analysis of wound infection after cesarean section on the

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐红霞

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the factors of wound infection after cesarean with care. Methods Cesarean section in our hospital's 63 cases of infected wounds were classified as Observer Group, 62 cases were uninfected control group to investigate and analyze the reasons for infected wounds, and its targeted care. Results The difference between the two groups of mothers in terms of the basic factors, pregnancy and surgical factors and other factors statistically significant (P<0.05), wound infection after cesarean section description associated with these factors. Conclusion Wound infection after cesarean is the result of the combined effects of multiple factors under.%目的:分析剖宫产术后伤口感染的因素与护理。方法将我院行剖宫产术的29例伤口受感染者列为观察组,30例未感染者为对照组,调查并分析伤口受感染的原因,并对其进行针对性护理。结果两组产妇在基本因素、妊娠因素及手术因素等方面的比较差异具统计学意义(P<0.05),说明剖宫产术后伤口感染与上述因素相关。结论剖宫产术后伤口感染是多因素综合作用下的结果。

  9. Diagnosis and Treatment of Cesarean Scar Pregnancy%剖宫产术后子宫瘢痕妊娠的诊断与治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵立武

    2011-01-01

    Cesarean scar pregnancy is one of the long-term complications of cesarean section, which mainly refers to implantation of gestational sac in the scar of a previous cesarean delivery, a rare form of ectopic pregnancy. The gestational sac is completely surrounded by myometrium and the fibrous tissue of the scar. But recently,the incidence of cesarean scar pregnancy has increased in paralled with the increasing incidence of cesarean delivery. Cesarean scar pregnancy may cause uterine rupture and uncontrollable vaginal bleeding, which may lead to loss of subsequent fertility, or even maternal death. Therefore the early diagnosis and treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy is very important. The article is a review of the diagnosis and treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy.%剖宫产术后子宫瘢痕妊娠是剖宫产术的一种远期并发症,主要是指妊娠囊种植在子宫瘢痕部位,其外周被子宫肌层和纤维组织包围,是一种罕见的异位妊娠.但是,由于近年来剖宫产率的不断提高,其发生率也有所增加.剖宫产术后子宫瘢痕处的妊娠可引起阴道大出血及子宫破裂,可以导致孕产妇生育能力丧失甚至孕产妇死亡.故早期诊断与治疗剖宫产术后子宫瘢痕妊娠是非常重要的,现就剖宫产术后子宫瘢痕妊娠的诊断与治疗予以综述.

  10. 体温维持对剖宫产产妇的保护作用%The Protective Effect of Body Temperature Maintenance on Puerpera under Cesarean Section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹彦; 王海艳

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the protective effect of maintaining body temperature for the puerpera under cesarean section.Methods Total of 106 cases receiving cesarean section in Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical College from Jan.2013 to Dec.2013 were included in the study.They were divided into observation group and control group by random number table method,53 cases each.The control group was treated with conventional surgery,and the observation group received insulating measures on the basis of the control group.The perioperative changes in body temperature,intraoperative basic situation and postoperative shivering of the two groups were compared and analyzed .Results Three min after entering the operation room,there was no significant difference on the body temperature between the observation group and the con-trol group(P>0.05).However,during surgery and after surgery,body temperature of the observation group was significantly better than the control group.The postoperative temperature reached(36.82 ±0.57) ℃ in the observation group,the patient′s body temperature was gradually reduced as the surgery proceeded,but gradually picked up to normal at the end of the surgery .The operative time of the observation group was lower than the control group[(78 ±10) min vs (84 ±11) min],the difference was statistically significant(P 0.05 ) ,但在术中及术后,体温均明显优于对照组,术后体温达到(36.82 ±0.57 ) ℃,两组患者的体温随着手术的进行逐步降低,但于手术完结时逐步回升,直至正常;观察组患者手术时间短于对照组[(78 ±10) min 比(84 ± 12) min],差异有统计学意义(P <0.01),且术中出血量、输液量及尿量显著低于对照组[(233 ± 21) mL比(342 ±32) mL,(1354 ±211) mL比(1423 ±347) mL,(98 ±27) mL比(246 ±52) mL],差异有统计学意义( P <0.05 或 P <0.01 );经治疗,观察组患者寒战总发生率显著低于对照组[11.32%(6/53)比39.62%(21/53)],差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).

  11. 68 cases of cesarean section hemorrhage in clinical analysis and prevention measures%68例剖宫产术中出血的临床分析与预防措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨坤

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the causes and preventive measures of hemorrhage during cesarean section.Methods 68 cases of postpartum hemorrhage during cesarean section were selected from January 2015 to November 2015. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. The causes of bleeding during cesarean section were analyzed, and the effective measures were given.Results 68 cases of cesarean section surgery bleeding women due to placental factors produce maternal bleeding in 22 cases(32.4%); because of blood coagulation disorders produce maternal hemorrhage in 14 cases(21.9%), due to incision and produce abnormal maternal hemorrhage 12 cases(17.6%); uterine inertia due to produce maternal hemorrhage in 16 cases(23.5%); due to uterine fibroids have maternal bleeding in 4 cases(5.9%).Conclusion Cesarean section caused by placental factors, coagulation dysfunction, abnormal incision and uterine atony, are the main factors of hemorrhage during cesarean section should be in the perinatal period to take corresponding preventive measures according to the specific situation of the maternal and maternal formulation scientific and reasonable treatment method, ensure the cesarean section operation smoothly.%目的:探讨剖宫产术中出血原因以及预防措施。方法选取2015年1月~2015年11月收治的剖宫产术中出血产妇68例,对其临床资料进行回顾性分析,分析剖宫产术中出血原因,并给出切实有效的预防措施。结果68例剖宫产术中出血产妇中因胎盘因素产生出血的产妇22例(32.4%);因凝血障碍产生出血的产妇14例(21.9%);因切口异常产生出血的产妇12例(17.6%);因宫缩乏力产生出血的产妇16例(23.5%);因子宫肌瘤产生出血的产妇4例(5.9%)。结论剖宫产手术中引发产妇术中出血的因素主要有胎盘因素、凝血功能障碍、切口异常以及宫缩乏力等,应该在围产期根据产妇具体情况采取相对应的预防措

  12. Hysteroscopy and suction evacuation of cesarean scar pregnancies: a case report and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fylstra, Donald L

    2014-03-01

    Implantation of a pregnancy into the scar of a prior cesarean is an uncommon type of ectopic pregnancy. The incidence of cesarean scar pregnancy is thought to be one in 1800-2216 pregnancies. The increase in the incidence of cesarean scar pregnancy is thought to be a consequence of the increasing rates of cesarean delivery. The natural history of cesarean scar pregnancy is unknown. However, if such a pregnancy is allowed to continue, uterine scar rupture with hemorrhage and possible hysterectomy seem likely. Two early diagnosed cesarean scar pregnancies were treated with hysteroscopy and suction curettage removal. One required intramuscular methotrexate to resolve a persistent cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy. It would seem reasonable that simple suction evacuation would frequently leave chorionic villi imbedded within the cesarean scar, as the pregnancy is not within the endometrial cavity.

  13. Clinical Observation on the Cesarean Delivery Woman Implemented with Psychological Intervention%剖宫产孕妇术前心理干预的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨依慧; 黄娟

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨术前心理干预对孕妇的心理疗效。方法:随机将36例剖宫产孕妇分为心理干预组和对照组。对照组给予常规护理及术前指导;心理干预组在常规护理和术前指导的基础上接受心理干预,干预措施包括健康宣教、心理、家庭及社会支持,以缓解心理反应,帮助建立良好的社会支持系统。同时采用Zung’s焦虑自评量表(SAS)对孕妇进行评定。结果:心理干预组产妇抑郁情绪发生率明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论:剖宫产术前心理干预可明显改善产妇不良心理和降低产妇焦虑情绪的发生率。%Objective:To study the efficacy of preoperative psychological intervention in pregnant women.Method:36 cases of cesarean section were divided into intervention group and controlgroup.The control group was given routine nursing and preoperative instruction;Intervention group accepted the psychological intervention on the basis of care and preoperative instruction.Interventions including health education,psychology,family and social support, helping to ease the psychological response and establish a good social support system.At the same time we adopted Zung’s Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS)to assess pregnant women.Result:The depression and anxiety rates of the psychological intervention group were lower than that of the control group obviously.Thus,the difference had statistics significance(P<0.01).Conclusion:The psychological intervention on the puerperal period may obviously improve the pregnant women’s bad psychology and reduce their depression rate.

  14. 全麻对剖宫产胎儿影响的临床研究%Clinical study of the influence of general anesthesia on cesarean delivery fetus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李莉; 苏利

    2014-01-01

    Objective To compare the influence of general anesthesia and combined spinal-epidural anesthesia on neonatal Apgar score. Methods A total of 65 cases of single pregnancy to full term undergone cesarean section were taken as study subjects. There were 32 cases in the general anesthesia group received general anesthesia due to intraspinal anesthesia taboo, and the other 33 cases in the combined spinal-epidural anesthesia group received combined spinal-epidural anesthesia. The fetal childbirth time, birth weight, and apgar score at 1 min and 5 min were recorded. Results Apgar score at 1 min of general anesthesia group and combined spinal-epidural anesthesia group were (9.5±0.8) points and (9.8±0.6) points respectively, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). Apgar scores at 5 min were all 10 points in the two groups. Conclusion General anesthesia and combined spinal-epidural anesthesia have no obviously variant influences on fetus.%目的:比较剖宫产施行全身麻醉(全麻)和腰硬联合麻醉对新生儿Apgar评分的影响。方法选择足月单胎妊娠行择期剖宫产的产妇65例,椎管内麻醉禁忌而需使用全麻的剖宫产为全麻组32例,其余33例行腰硬联合麻醉作为腰硬联合麻醉组。记录胎儿娩出时间,新生儿体重和1、5 min的Apgar评分。结果全麻组和腰硬联合麻醉组新生儿1 min的Apgar评分分别为(9.5±0.8)分、(9.8±0.6)分,两组差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。5 min Apgar评分均为10分。结论全麻和硬联合麻醉对胎儿的影响没有明显差异。

  15. 对剖宫产初产妇实施母婴床旁护理的效果探讨%The implementation of the maternal and infant bedside nursing effect obser-vation of cesarean section primipara

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨梅

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究分析母婴床旁护理应用于剖宫产初产妇护理中的临床效果。方法择取2013年10月—2014年10月期间在该院产妇接受分娩住院的136例初产妇,利用随机双盲法将其以1:1比例分成2组,一组68例初产妇接受常规护理作为对照组;一组68例初产妇接受母婴床旁护理作为研究组。结果研究组初产妇对新生儿护理技能、知识的掌握程度均显著优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。研究组初产妇的SDS评分(24.06±2.62)分明显低于对照组的(45.22±3.16)分;护理满意度约为97.06%明显高于对照组的88.24%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论母婴床旁护理应用剖宫产初产妇的临床实践中,有助于提高初产妇对新生儿护理技能、知识的掌握,优化护理服务的满意度,更适用于临床护理的推广。%Objective To study the analysis of maternal and infant bedside nursing applied in cesarean section primipara in nurs-ing clinical effect. Methods Choose to accept delivery in hospital during 2013.10-2014.10 of 136 cases of primipara puerpera in our hospital, the use of random double blind method, its proportion to 1:1 divided into 2 groups, one group of 68 cases of primi-para accepted routine nursing as the control group; a group of 68 cases of primipara accepted maternal and infant bed care as the study group. Results The study group of primipara for neonatal nursing skills and knowledge level was significantly better than the control group, the difference has statistical significance P<0.05. Research group of primipara SDS score (24.06+ 2.62) points was lower than the control group of (45.22+3.16);nursing satisfaction of about 97.06%was significantly higher than the control group 88.24%, the difference has statistical significance P<0.05. Conclusion Clinical practice of maternal and infant bed care applica-tion of cesarean section primipara, contribute to maternal improve

  16. 系统化产前健康教育对社会因素剖宫产的影响%The study of the systematic prenatal education on cesarean delivery caused by social factor.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑燕; 罗晓红; 秦艺畅

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨系统化产前健康教育对社会因素剖宫产的影响.方法 选取在本院建卡且符合入选条件的初孕妇200例,随机分为观察组98例和对照组组102例.对观察组进行系统化产前健康教育,对照组行常规产前教育,两组分别于产前建卡时及产后3d及产褥期结束时进行3次资料收集.评估系统化产前健康教育对社会因素剖宫产、平均住院天数及产后纯母乳喂养的影响.结果 观察组在进行系统化产前健康教育后社会因素剖宫产率、平均住院天数均较对照组低,产后纯母乳喂养率较对照组高(P<0.05).结论 系统化产前健康教育可以使孕妇及家人更充分的认识孕期的生理病理变化、更系统化掌握孕产期母婴保健知识,充分了解自然分娩和剖宫产的利弊,更加合理的选择分娩方式及增加母乳喂养的时间.%Objective Research the affect of systematic prenatal education on cesarean delivery which caused by social factor. Methods Select 200 first pregnancy women that consulting in our hospital and in line with the selected conditions , then divide it into two groups randomly, the one is observation group(98) ,the other is control group( 102). Make pregnancy women in observation group get systematic prenatal education and control group get conventional one. We collected the data in first consulting, 3 days postpartum, and the end of puerperium respectively. Then evaluate the affect of systematic prenatal education on cesarean delivery which caused by social factor, average hospital days and exclusive breastfeeding. Results Compared with control group, the women in observation group have lower cesarean delivery rate and shorter hospital days , but higher exclusive breastfeeding rate. Conclusion The systematic prenatal education could help pregnancy women and their family members recognizing the physiology and pathology change during pregnancy period and predominating the maternal and child

  17. Breech at term--mode of delivery? A register-based study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krebs, L; Langhoff-Roos, J; Weber, Tom

    1995-01-01

    . Register-based cohort study of all (n = 15718) singleton term breech deliveries of non-malformed infants in Denmark 1982-1990. Process and outcome measures: mode of delivery, gestational age, birth weight, congenital malformations, intrapartum death, Apgar scores and early neonatal death. RESULTS. A total...... of 3247 (20.7%) term infants were delivered vaginally, 7106 (45.3%) by elective and 5356 (34.1%) by emergency cesarean section. Infants delivered vaginally and by emergency cesarean section had significantly higher rates of mortality (intrapartum and early neonatal death) and morbidity (low Apgar scores......) when compared to those delivered by elective cesarean section. In vaginal deliveries, parity was not correlated with outcome, but infants with a birth weight above 4000 grams had significantly higher rates of low Apgar scores. CONCLUSIONS. Register data on singleton term breech deliveries imply...

  18. Effect of clinical nursing pathway applying in cesarean section%临床护理路径在剖宫产中的效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴永媚

    2010-01-01

    Objective To explore the efficacy of healthy care on applying the clincial nursing pathway into cesaresn section.Methods 120 patients were randomly divided into traditional group (GP) and clinical nursing pathway group (CP) .Conventional nursing strategy was used in the GP,and in the other group,daily medical attention,nursing and rehabilitation were provided according to the planned strategies involving the doctors,nurses and patients.The patient's age,civilization,pregnancy,hospitalization period and cost,satisfaction and healthcare knowledge commanging were respectively observed.Results The average hospital day and costs of the CP were significantly lower than those of the GP (P < 0.05),and the former group had also greater scores for patient satisfaction and healthcare knowledge (P < 0.05) .Conclusion On the basis of HIS ,we carry out the clincial pathway into cesarean section,which reducing average hospital day and costs,enhanceing the satisfaction of the parturient,standard diagnosis and treatment nursing methods,increasing the rate of reaching the standard.%目的 探讨应用临床护理路径对剖宫产手术患者实施健康教育的效果.方法 选择120例患者,按入院先后顺序分成两组:单号为传统组,采用传统的护理方法行健康教育;双号为临床路径组采用临床路径行健康教育.分别记录各例病人的年龄、文化程度、产次、住院费用、住院时间、满意度及健康知识掌握度.结果 实验组平均住院日、平均住院费用明显低于对照组(P<0.05);产妇满意度和健康知识评分明显高于对照组,比较有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 在电子病历基础上实施临床路径,对提高产妇的满意度、规范诊疗护理手段、提高健康教育达标率、减少住院费用及时间等方面起到了积极的作用.

  19. DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF CESAREAN SCAR PREGNANCY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lan-zhou Jiao; Jun Zhao; Xi-run Wan; Xin-yan Liu; Feng-zhi Feng; Tong Ren; Yang Xiang

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the early diagnosis and treatment of cesarean sear pregnancy (CSP).Methods Clinical data of 28 patients with CSP in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1994 to April 2007, including age, interval from the last cesarean delivery to diagnosis, clinical presentation, location of the le-sion, process of diagnosis and treatment, outcome, and follow-up, were retrospectively analyzed.Results CSP constituted 1.05% of all ectopic pregnancies, and the ratio of CSP to pregnancy was 1:1 221. Themean age of the group was 31.4 years. Twenty-six women had only one prior cesarean delivery. The interval from the last cesarean delivery to diagnosis ranged from 4 months to 15 years. The most common presenting symptoms of CSP were amenorrhoea and vaginal bleeding. Seventeen cases were misdiagnosed as early intrauterine pregnancies and 2 weremisdiagnosed as gestational trophoblastic tumor. The other 9 were diagnosed definitely before treatment. The diagnosis was made based on cesarean delivery history, gynecologic examination, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The treatment of CSP included systemic or local methotrexate administration, conservative surgery, and hyster-ectomy. The conservative treatment was successful in 24 eases. All of the 28 women were cured through individual ther-apies.Conclusions CSP is rare and usually misdiagnosed as other diseases. Ultrasound is valuable for diagnosing CSP,and MRI can be used as an adjunct to ultrasound scan. Early diagnosis offers the options of conservative treatment and greatly improves the outcome of patients. Individual therapy is strongly recommended.

  20. Cesarean Section: Recovering After Surgery

    Medline Plus

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