WorldWideScience

Sample records for cert suurendab interneti

  1. CERT in the organisation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tolido, R.; Borsoi, P.; Bronk, H.; Elsinga, B.; Greuter, R.; Hafkamp, W.H.M.; Jochem, A.; van der Heide, M.; Rorive, K.; Schiltmans, T.; Schuurman, J.; Reijers, R.

    This Expert Letter deals with the increasingly important phenomenon of in-house Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs). The number of internal CERTs in larger, commercial organisations has increased rapidly in the past few years. This is mainly in response to the painful security incidents that

  2. Vedel ärkamisaeg internetis / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    1999-01-01

    Interstanding 3, näitus, konverents "Ülalpool piire", ettekanded. Graham Harwood interneti infotüranniast ja bioaktiivset kunsti viljelev Eduardo Kac saabuvast "kunstikavatsuslike olendite ajastust"

  3. Lühifilmid internetis / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2000-01-01

    Mika Salmi internetifirma Atom Films, kes on 8.-12. märtsini toimuva 30. Tampere rahvusvahelise lühifilmifestivali üks sponsoreid, tegeleb lühifilmide tutvustamise ja turustamisega interneti kaudu

  4. Rembrandt müügil internetis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Ameerika interneti-oksjonifirma Ebay Saksamaa kontor pani esmakordselt virtuaalmüüki Rembrandti maali 'Kristuse ümberlõikamine', mille alghinnaks on 210 miljonit Eesti krooni. Rembrandti oksjoni aadress: www.alando.de.

  5. Harry Potter lendab internetis / Anu Mõttus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mõttus, Anu

    2002-01-01

    2000/2001. õ.a.-l alguse saanud õpilaste interaktiivsest kirjandusprojektist "R-LIIT", mis sai hiljem nimeks "Lugeda on mõnus". Projekti käigus valiti üks raamat (2001.a. - J.K. Rowling "Harry Potter ja tarkade kivi") ning arutleti selle üle nii koolides kui Interneti vahendusel

  6. CERTS customer adoption model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rubio, F. Javier; Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Hamachi,Kristina S.

    2000-03-01

    This effort represents a contribution to the wider distributed energy resources (DER) research of the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS, http://certs.lbl.gov) that is intended to attack and, hopefully, resolve the technical barriers to DER adoption, particularly those that are unlikely to be of high priority to individual equipment vendors. The longer term goal of the Berkeley Lab effort is to guide the wider technical research towards the key technical problems by forecasting some likely patterns of DER adoption. In sharp contrast to traditional electricity utility planning, this work takes a customer-centric approach and focuses on DER adoption decision making at, what we currently think of as, the customer level. This study reports on Berkeley Lab's second year effort (completed in Federal fiscal year 2000, FY00) of a project aimed to anticipate patterns of customer adoption of distributed energy resources (DER). Marnay, et al., 2000 describes the earlier FY99 Berkeley Lab work. The results presented herein are not intended to represent definitive economic analyses of possible DER projects by any means. The paucity of data available and the importance of excluded factors, such as environmental implications, are simply too important to make such an analysis possible at this time. Rather, the work presented represents a demonstration of the current model and an indicator of the potential to conduct more relevant studies in the future.

  7. Comprehensive Error Rate Testing (CERT)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) implemented the Comprehensive Error Rate Testing (CERT) program to measure improper payments in the Medicare...

  8. Konverents laste ja noorte turvalisusest Internetis / Kerli Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Kerli

    2008-01-01

    Teisel rahvusvahelisel konverentsil Interneti turvalisuse teemadel rõhutati: tähtis on rääkida Interneti headest külgedest ja harida avalikkust ka võimalikest ohtudest ja viisidest, kuidas neid ära hoida

  9. Linn laiendab tasuta traadita interneti ala / Urmas Tooming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tooming, Urmas

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna linnavalitsuse tellimusel paigaldab Elion traadita interneti ehk WiFi seadmed kõigisse linnaosadesse, kokku 28 üldkasutatavasse kohta. Projekti maksumuseks on 800 000 krooni. Kaart: Tasuta WiFi Tallinnas. Lisa: Linna rajatud tasuta WiFi alad

  10. Harry Potter interneti lugemistoas / Anu Ratasep, Hele Kriisa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratasep, Anu

    2001-01-01

    2000.a. viie Tallinna kooli osavõtul toimunud projektist R-LIIT, mille käigus valiti üks raamat (J.K. Rowling "Harry Potter ja tarkade kivi") ning arutleti selle üle nii koolides kui Interneti vahendusel. Osalesid eesti ja vene õppekeelega koolid, projektiga lisandus eri rahvusest noorte integratsiooni idee

  11. CERT TST December 2015 Visit Summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Little, Robert Currier [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Bailey, Teresa S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Gamblin, G. Todd [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Olinger, Chad Tracy [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Pautz, Shawn D. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Williams, Alan B. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2016-01-25

    The annual PSAAP II TST visit to Texas A&M’s CERT Center was held on December 1-3, 2015. The agenda for the visit is attached. Non-TAMU attendees were: TST Members – Teresa Bailey (LLNL), Todd Gamblin (LLNL), Bob Little (LANL) – Chair, Chad Olinger (LANL), Shawn Pautz (SNL), Alan Williams (SNL);Other Lab staff – Skip Kahler (LANL), Ana Kupresanin (LLNL), and Rob Lowrie (LANL); AST Members – Nelson Hoffman (LANL) and Bob Voigt (Leidos) The TST wishes to express our appreciation to all involved with CERT for the high-quality posters and presentations and for the attention to logistics that enabled a successful visit. We have broken our comments into four sections: (1) Kudos, (2) Recommendations, (3) Feedback on Priorities for April Review, and (4) Follow-Up Activities with Labs.

  12. Consensus on Exercise Reporting Template (CERT)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slade, Susan C; Dionne, Clermont E; Underwood, Martin

    2016-01-01

    the reporting of exercise programs in all evaluative study designs and contains 7 categories: materials, provider, delivery, location, dosage, tailoring, and compliance. The CERT will encourage transparency, improve trial interpretation and replication, and facilitate implementation of effective exercise......BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions are often incompletely described in reports of clinical trials, hampering evaluation of results and replication and implementation into practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a standardized method for reporting exercise programs in clinical...... trials: the Consensus on Exercise Reporting Template (CERT). DESIGN AND METHODS: Using the EQUATOR Network's methodological framework, 137 exercise experts were invited to participate in a Delphi consensus study. A list of 41 items was identified from a meta-epidemiologic study of 73 systematic reviews...

  13. Eesti sõdurid tõid kõrbesse interneti / Madis Filippov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filippov, Madis

    2008-01-01

    2007. aasta lõpus Afganistanis missioonil viibides seadis veebel Demid Petuhhov New Zadi baasis sisse süsteemi, mis aitab sõduritel interneti kaudu kodustega sidet pidada. Sidemehe tegevusest missioonil

  14. Kellel on kõige kiirem internetiühendus? / Kuldar Kullasepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kullasepp, Kuldar, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 22. sept. lk. 14. Oxfordi ülikooli ja Cisco Systems uuringust, mille tulemusena reastati maailma kvaliteetsemat internetiühendust pakkuvad riigid, Eestit esimese kümne hulgas pole. Tabel: Esikümme

  15. 75 FR 81632 - Australia Beef Imports Approved for the Electronic Certification System (eCERT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ... for the Electronic Certification System (eCERT) AGENCY: Customs and Border Protection, Department of... restraints will be accomplished through the Electronic Certification System (eCERT). Beginning on that date... Fisheries and with the approval of the United States Government. DATES: The use of the eCERT process for all...

  16. Defining a Progress Metric for CERT RMM Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-09-14

    REV-03.18.2016.0 Defining a Progress Metric for CERT-RMM Improvement Gregory Crabb Nader Mehravari David Tobar September 2017 TECHNICAL ...fendable resource allocation decisions. Technical metrics measure aspects of controls implemented through technology (systems, soft- ware, hardware...implementation metric would be the percentage of users who have received anti-phishing training . • Effectiveness/efficiency metrics measure whether

  17. How Lafd Cert May Be Understood as a Smart Practice: How it is Pioneering a Transition to Whole Community Cert and How it Can Serve as the Template for Cert Programs Nationally

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-10

    United States as a framework for organizing citizens to be more prepared. Using an appreciative inquiry approach, this thesis investigated how LAFD...established the first Community Emergency Response Training (CERT) Program in the United States as a framework for organizing citizens to be more prepared...50 4. How Social Media Influences Volunteers ........................................53 5. The World Wide Web and LAFD CERT

  18. CERT tribal internship program. Final intern report: Karen Sandoval, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    The purpose of the project was to: create a working relationship between CERT and Colorado State University (CSU); involve and create relationships among individuals and departments at CSU; empower Native communities to run their own affairs; establish programs for the benefit of Tribes; and create Native American Program Development Office at CSU. The intern lists the following as the project results: revised a Native American Program Development document; confirmation from 45 departments across campus for Summit attendance [Tribal Human Resource Development Summit]; created initial invitee list from CSU departments and colleges; and informed CERT and CSU staff of results. Much of the response from the campus community has been positive and enthusiastic. They are ready to develop new Native American programs on campus, but need the awareness of what they can do to be respectful of Tribal needs.

  19. Testing First-Order Logic Axioms in AutoCert

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Ki Yung; Denney, Ewen

    2009-01-01

    AutoCert [2] is a formal verification tool for machine generated code in safety critical domains, such as aerospace control code generated from MathWorks Real-Time Workshop. AutoCert uses Automated Theorem Provers (ATPs) [5] based on First-Order Logic (FOL) to formally verify safety and functional correctness properties of the code. These ATPs try to build proofs based on user provided domain-specific axioms, which can be arbitrary First-Order Formulas (FOFs). These axioms are the most crucial part of the trusted base, since proofs can be submitted to a proof checker removing the need to trust the prover and AutoCert itself plays the part of checking the code generator. However, formulating axioms correctly (i.e. precisely as the user had really intended) is non-trivial in practice. The challenge of axiomatization arise from several dimensions. First, the domain knowledge has its own complexity. AutoCert has been used to verify mathematical requirements on navigation software that carries out various geometric coordinate transformations involving matrices and quaternions. Axiomatic theories for such constructs are complex enough that mistakes are not uncommon. Second, adjusting axioms for ATPs can add even more complexity. The axioms frequently need to be modified in order to have them in a form suitable for use with ATPs. Such modifications tend to obscure the axioms further. Thirdly, speculating validity of the axioms from the output of existing ATPs is very hard since theorem provers typically do not give any examples or counterexamples.

  20. CERTS Microgrid Laboratory Test Bed - PIER Final Project Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eto, Joseph H.; Eto, Joseph H.; Lasseter, Robert; Schenkman, Ben; Klapp, Dave; Linton, Ed; Hurtado, Hector; Roy, Jean; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Stevens, John; Volkommer, Harry

    2008-07-25

    The objective of the CERTS Microgrid Laboratory Test Bed project was to enhance the ease of integrating small energy sources into a microgrid. The project accomplished this objective by developing and demonstrating three advanced techniques, collectively referred to as the CERTS Microgrid concept, that significantly reduce the level of custom field engineering needed to operate microgrids consisting of small generating sources. The techniques comprising the CERTS Microgrid concept are: 1) a method for effecting automatic and seamless transitions between grid-connected and islanded modes of operation; 2) an approach to electrical protection within the microgrid that does not depend on high fault currents; and 3) a method for microgrid control that achieves voltage and frequency stability under islanded conditions without requiring high-speed communications. The techniques were demonstrated at a full-scale test bed built near Columbus, Ohio and operated by American Electric Power. The testing fully confirmed earlier research that had been conducted initially through analytical simulations, then through laboratory emulations, and finally through factory acceptance testing of individual microgrid components. The islanding and resychronization method met all Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 1547 and power quality requirements. The electrical protections system was able to distinguish between normal and faulted operation. The controls were found to be robust and under all conditions, including difficult motor starts. The results from these test are expected to lead to additional testing of enhancements to the basic techniques at the test bed to improve the business case for microgrid technologies, as well to field demonstrations involving microgrids that involve one or mroe of the CERTS Microgrid concepts.

  1. CERT tribal internship program. Final intern report: Maria Perez, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    Historically, American Indian Tribes have lacked sufficient numbers of trained, technical personnel from their communities to serve their communities; tribal expertise in the fields of science, business and engineering being extremely rare and programs to encourage these disciplines almost non-existent. Subsequently, Tribes have made crucial decisions about their land and other facets of Tribal existence based upon outside technical expertise, such as that provided by the United States government and/or private industries. These outside expert opinions rarely took into account the traditional and cultural values of the Tribes being advised. The purpose of this internship was twofold: Create and maintain a working relationship between CERT and Colorado State University (CSU) to plan for the Summit on Tribal human resource development; and Evaluate and engage in current efforts to strengthen the Tribal Resource Institute in Business, Engineering and Science (TRIBES) program. The intern lists the following as the project results: Positive interactions and productive meetings between CERT and CSU; Gathered information from Tribes; CERT database structure modification; Experience as facilitator in participating methods; Preliminary job descriptions for staff of future TRIBES programs; and Additions for the intern`s personal database of professional contacts and resources.

  2. CERT depletion predicts chemotherapy benefit and mediates cytotoxic and polyploid‐specific cancer cell death through autophagy induction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lee, Alvin J. X.; Roylance, Rebecca; Sander, Jil

    2012-01-01

    cell microscopy analysis revealed that CERT depletion induces LAMP2‐dependent death of polyploid cells following exit from mitosis in the presence of paclitaxel. We find that CERT is relatively over‐expressed in HER2+ breast cancer and CERT protein expression acts as an independent prognostic variable...

  3. Radiochromic film dosimetry of contrast-enhanced radiotherapy (CERT)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morris, Kevin N; Weil, Michael D; Malzbender, Rainer

    2006-01-01

    Contrast-enhanced radiotherapy (CERT) employs elevated concentrations of high-Z contrast media in targets to dramatically increase the absorbed dose of radiation relative to the surrounding tissues. However, it is difficult to measure the dose enhancement with routine clinical instruments because the photoelectrons and Auger electrons produced by the interaction of kilovoltage x-rays with the contrast agent travel extremely short distances. We have developed a technique utilizing unlaminated radiochromic film to measure the maximum dose enhancement factor attainable in solutions of contrast agent with iodine concentrations ranging from 0% to 37% (w/v). The films were also used to simultaneously measure the dose enhancement and beam attenuation through solutions containing 0%, 5% and 10% iodine (w/v). These depth-dose measurements were made in phantoms representing 3 cm targets located 0 and 4.8 cm deep in acrylic. Higher concentrations of contrast yielded greater dose enhancement and target-to-surface dose ratios, but caused more rapid attenuation of the beam as it traversed the target. The dose distribution across the entire target could be improved by employing multiple beams. These results, using concentrations of contrast that are clinically achievable by intratumoural injection, illustrate the potential of CERT for the specific delivery of high doses of radiation to targets at depth

  4. Silmad internetis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Internetireklaamifirma Doubleclick'i poolt läbiviidud uuringu tulemustest veebisaidi reklaamide ja uudiste loetavuse kohta. Lisad: Reklaami vaadatavus; Bännerite vaadatavus suuruse järgi; Reklaamide vaadatavus suuruse järgi tekstilehekülgedel; Nõuanded

  5. CERTS: Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions - Research Highlights

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eto, Joseph

    2003-07-30

    Historically, the U.S. electric power industry was vertically integrated, and utilities were responsible for system planning, operations, and reliability management. As the nation moves to a competitive market structure, these functions have been disaggregated, and no single entity is responsible for reliability management. As a result, new tools, technologies, systems, and management processes are needed to manage the reliability of the electricity grid. However, a number of simultaneous trends prevent electricity market participants from pursuing development of these reliability tools: utilities are preoccupied with restructuring their businesses, research funding has declined, and the formation of Independent System Operators (ISOs) and Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) to operate the grid means that control of transmission assets is separate from ownership of these assets; at the same time, business uncertainty, and changing regulatory policies have created a climate in which needed investment for transmission infrastructure and tools for reliability management has dried up. To address the resulting emerging gaps in reliability R&D, CERTS has undertaken much-needed public interest research on reliability technologies for the electricity grid. CERTS' vision is to: (1) Transform the electricity grid into an intelligent network that can sense and respond automatically to changing flows of power and emerging problems; (2) Enhance reliability management through market mechanisms, including transparency of real-time information on the status of the grid; (3) Empower customers to manage their energy use and reliability needs in response to real-time market price signals; and (4) Seamlessly integrate distributed technologies--including those for generation, storage, controls, and communications--to support the reliability needs of both the grid and individual customers.

  6. Eesti ettevõtete konkurentsivõime tõstmine interneti abil : projekti Smelink.ee rakendamine Eesti väikeettevõtetes / Maive Suuroja, Kulno Türk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suuroja, Maive

    2001-01-01

    Interneti kasutamise hetkeseisust Euroopas ja Eestis. Summary: Increasing the competitiveness of Estonian enterprises with the help of the internet. Implementation of the project Smelink.ee in Estonia

  7. Euroopa suurendab sotsiaalset tasakaalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Sakala, Pärnu Postimees, Järva Teataja, Lääne Elu, Valgamaalane, Võrumaa Teataja, Vooremaa, Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje, Koit 3. dets. lk. 4;4;5;2;3;3;3;5;5;3. Vestlusest Andres Tarandiga: sotsiaalabi, võõrtööjõud ja palgad Euroopa Liidu riikides

  8. Value and Technology Assessment to Enhance the Business Case for the CERTS Microgrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lasseter, Robert; Eto, Joe

    2010-05-15

    The CERTS Microgrid concept is an advanced approach for enabling integration of, in principle, an unlimited quantity of distributed energy resources into the electricity grid. A key feature of a microgrid, is its ability, during a utility grid disturbance, to separate and isolate itself from the utility seamlessly with no disruption to the loads within the microgrid (including no reduction in power quality). Then, when the utility grid returns to normal, the microgrid automatically resynchronizes and reconnects itself to the grid, in an equally seamless fashion. What is unique about the CERTS Microgrid is that it can provide this technically challenging functionality without extensive (i.e., expensive) custom engineering. In addition, the design of the CERTS Microgrid also provides high system reliability and great flexibility in the placement of distributed generation within the microgrid. The CERTS Microgrid offers these functionalities at much lower costs than traditional approaches by incorporating peer-to-peer and plug-and-play concepts for each component within the Microgrid. The predecessor to the current project involved the construction of and completion of initial testing using the world's first, full-scale, inverter-based, distributed generation test bed. The project demonstrated three advanced techniques, collectively referred to as the CERTS Microgrid concept, which collectively significantly reduce the level of custom field engineering needed to operate microgrids consisting of small generating sources. The techniques are: (1) a method for effecting automatic and seamless transitions between grid-connected and islanded modes of operation; (2) an approach to electrical protection within the microgrid that does not depend on high fault currents; and (3) a method for microgrid control that achieves voltage and frequency stability under both grid and islanded conditions without requiring high-speed communications. The work conducted in this phase of

  9. CERT / CSIRT tímy a kybernetická bezpečnosť

    OpenAIRE

    Rezníčková, Dominika

    2014-01-01

    The main goal of this bachelor thesis is to provide brief description of contemporary situation in the field of cyber security and the role of national CERT team in it according to the newly adopted Law no. 181/2014 Coll., on Cyber Security and to make comparison of theoretical principles with their applying in praxis. Thesis is divided into two main parts. First one, a theoretical part, comprehends basic information on cyber security, cybercrime and security incidents and consequently focuse...

  10. INCIDENCIA DE LOS MECANISMOS DE CERTIFICACIÓN FINANCIERA (CAT-CERT SOBRE LAS EXPORTACIONES NO TRADICIONALES COLOMBIANAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIGUEL DAVID ROJAS LÓPEZ

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación muestra la incidencia de los CERT´s en las exportaciones no tradicionales colombianas. Inicialmente se analiza gráficamente la evolución de exportaciones no tradicionales y la evolución del nivel de CERT. Luego mediante una regresión lineal simple se determina la influencia del CERT durante el período 1970-2000 sobre las exportaciones menores. Las conclusiones sobre los aspectos principales son explicadas al final del artículo.

  11. Tests at constant extension velocity CERT for the evaluation of environmental assisted cracking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arganis J, C.R.

    1994-01-01

    The test at constant velocity extension (CERT) is firmly established as a technique for the study of environmentally cracking (stress corrosion and hydrogen embrittlement) and is widely used, mainly in mechanistic studies. In CERT test, an increasing charge is applied to a sample and the extension velocity is hold up constant to allow that corrosion interplay in the process. The type of crack and ductility measurements with the conditions for testing are compared with a cracked sample in an inert media. Required equipment: 1) A charge mechanism capable to control the elongation of test samples in a rank of 1 x 10 -5 to 1 x 10 -7 inch/inch sec and capable to hold up constant such elongation. 2) A suitable standard (Astm standard A-370). 3) A chamber or cell for the media in which the chemical composition of the solution, the gas composition, the pressure, temperature and electrochemical potential can be controlled in order to simulate with anticipation the service conditions. The cell must allow the mechanical access of the test sample to the charge train of the machine. (Author)

  12. The American Board of Emergency Medicine ConCert Examination: Emergency Physicians' Perceptions of Learning and Career Benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marco, Catherine A; Wahl, Robert P; Counselman, Francis L; Heller, Barry N; Harvey, Anne L; Joldersma, Kevin B; Kowalenko, Terry; Coombs, Andrea B; Reisdorff, Earl J

    2016-09-01

    As part of the American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program, ABEM-certified physicians are required to pass the Continuous Certification (ConCert) examination at least every 10 years. With the 2015 ConCert examination, ABEM sought to better understand emergency physicians' perceptions of the benefits of preparing for and taking the examination and the career benefits of staying ABEM-certified. This was a prospective survey study. A voluntary postexamination survey was administered at the end of the 2015 ABEM ConCert examination (September 21-26, 2015). Physicians were asked about the benefits of preparing for the examination and maintaining ABEM certification. Examination performance was compared to perceptions of learning and career benefits. Of the 2,601 on-time test takers, 2,511 respondents participated (96.5% participation rate). The majority of participants (92.0%) identified a benefit to preparing for the ConCert examination, which included reinforced medical knowledge (73.9%), increased knowledge (66.8%), and making them a better clinician (39.4%). The majority of respondents (90.8%) identified a career benefit of maintaining ABEM certification, which included more employment options (73.8%), more positively viewed by other physicians (56.8%), and better financial outcomes (29.8%). There was a statistically significant association between the perception of knowledge reinforcement and examination performance (p Medicine.

  13. InTraCert. Inception report. The role of an integrated tradable green certificate system in a liberalising market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boots, M.G.; Schaeffer, G.J.; De Zoeten, C.; Mitchell, C.; Anderson, T.; Morthorst, P.E.; Nielsen, L.; Gual, M.; Del Rio, P.; Cadenas, A.; Hernandez, F.; Kuehn, I.; Braeur, W.; Stronzik, M.

    2000-12-01

    The InTraCert project aims to explore the possibility of integrating the existing and planned Tradable Green Certificate (TGC) schemes in the European Union and, therefore, creating a plausible unified market for TGCs. Particular attention will be paid to the possibilities of integrating TGCs for green electricity, heat and gas. Furthermore, it intents to examine the possible interactions arising from such a system with more direct GHG abatement measures, i.e. Carbon Emissions Trading (CET). The scope of the InTraCert project requires specific information for EU-15 countries regarding, on the one hand, Renewable Energy Sources (RES) used for electricity, gas and heat generation and. on the other, GHG emission levels and national strategies. In order to account for this information need. specific country inventories have been designed and carried out by InTraCert members in this first phase of the project. The inventory shows that Belgium, Italy, Denmark, the Netherlands, Austria, Sweden and the UK seriously want to implement a TGC system. The systems will indeed be nationally oriented; hardly any provisions for international trade in the different TGCs will be put in place. An essential prerequisite for efficient cross border trade is agreement on the carbon credit that comes with RE production. What is the size of the carbon credit and will this credit be attached to the TGC while traded? These will be the main questions to be answered in the next phase of the InTraCert project. 8 refs

  14. Kõrgkoolidesse saab astuda internetis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Veebipõhise infosüsteemiga SAIS on ühinenud 12 kõrgkooli : Audentese Ülikool, Estonian Business School, Kaitseväe Ühendatud Õppeasutused, Tallinna Ülikool, Eesti Infotehnoloogia Kolledž, Tallinna Tehnikaülikool, Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkool, Tartu Ülikool, Eesti Maaülikool, Tallinna Tervishoiu Kõrgkool ja Eesti-Ameerika Äriakadeemia

  15. Tests at constant extension velocity CERT for the evaluation of environmental assisted cracking; Pruebas a velocidad de extension constante CERT, para evaluar el agrietamiento asistido por el ambiente (EAC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arganis J, C R [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Mexico City (Mexico)

    1994-12-31

    The test at constant velocity extension (CERT) is firmly established as a technique for the study of environmentally cracking (stress corrosion and hydrogen embrittlement) and is widely used, mainly in mechanistic studies. In CERT test, an increasing charge is applied to a sample and the extension velocity is hold up constant to allow that corrosion interplay in the process. The type of crack and ductility measurements with the conditions for testing are compared with a cracked sample in an inert media. Required equipment: (1) A charge mechanism capable to control the elongation of test samples in a rank of 1 x 10{sup -5} to 1 x 10{sup -7} inch/inch sec and capable to hold up constant such elongation. (2) A suitable standard (Astm standard A-370). (3) A chamber or cell for the media in which the chemical composition of the solution, the gas composition, the pressure, temperature and electrochemical potential can be controlled in order to simulate with anticipation the service conditions. The cell must allow the mechanical access of the test sample to the charge train of the machine. (Author).

  16. [Implementation of the EndoCert system for certification of arthroplasty centers. Experiences from the pilot phase].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, H; Mittelmeier, W

    2014-06-01

    EndoCert is an initiative of the Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie (DGOOC, German Society for Orthopedics and Orthopedic Surgery) which has been available since October 2012 and is the first system worldwide for certification of specialized arthroplasty centers. Before implementation of this certification concept two sequential pilot phases were carried out with representative treatment institutions. The results from these pilot clinics are presented with respect to quality improvement effects. Early effects on the quality of treatment have been achieved by rectification of nonconformities determined in the audit with respect to structural and process quality. A total of 172 nonconformities found in the 23 participating pilot clinics could be rectified. Long-term effects on the quality of results will in future be analyzed in cooperation with the German endoprosthesis register (EPRD) and by accompanying evaluations. A close feedback of the collated experiences and results to the certification committee, which is responsible for the procedure together with the DGOOC, allows continuous further development of the system EndoCert represents a substantial step towards a nationwide safety and improvement of the quality in arthroplasty treatment within the preoperative, perioperative and postoperative framework and can in future represent a decisive tool together with the EPRD in quality management.

  17. Chlamydia trachomatis co-opts GBF1 and CERT to acquire host sphingomyelin for distinct roles during intracellular development.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cherilyn A Elwell

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The strain designated Chlamydia trachomatis serovar that was used for experiments in this paper is Chlamydia muridarum, a species closely related to C. trachomatis (and formerly termed the Mouse Pneumonitis strain of C. trachomatis. [corrected]. The obligate intracellular pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis replicates within a membrane-bound inclusion that acquires host sphingomyelin (SM, a process that is essential for replication as well as inclusion biogenesis. Previous studies demonstrate that SM is acquired by a Brefeldin A (BFA-sensitive vesicular trafficking pathway, although paradoxically, this pathway is dispensable for bacterial replication. This finding suggests that other lipid transport mechanisms are involved in the acquisition of host SM. In this work, we interrogated the role of specific components of BFA-sensitive and BFA-insensitive lipid trafficking pathways to define their contribution in SM acquisition during infection. We found that C. trachomatis hijacks components of both vesicular and non-vesicular lipid trafficking pathways for SM acquisition but that the SM obtained from these separate pathways is being utilized by the pathogen in different ways. We show that C. trachomatis selectively co-opts only one of the three known BFA targets, GBF1, a regulator of Arf1-dependent vesicular trafficking within the early secretory pathway for vesicle-mediated SM acquisition. The Arf1/GBF1-dependent pathway of SM acquisition is essential for inclusion membrane growth and stability but is not required for bacterial replication. In contrast, we show that C. trachomatis co-opts CERT, a lipid transfer protein that is a key component in non-vesicular ER to trans-Golgi trafficking of ceramide (the precursor for SM, for C. trachomatis replication. We demonstrate that C. trachomatis recruits CERT, its ER binding partner, VAP-A, and SM synthases, SMS1 and SMS2, to the inclusion and propose that these proteins establish an on-site SM biosynthetic

  18. Protsessijuhtimine suurendab kliendikesksust / Verner Mättas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mättas, Verner

    2003-01-01

    Protsessijuhtimise ja funktsioonipõhise juhtimise võrdlus. Autor tutvustab protsessimudelit AGA tööstuslike gaaside ärivaldkonnas. Skeem: Erinevate huvigruppide ootuste ja rahulolu seosed (Eesti AGA näitel); Vt. samas: Protsessijuhtimine keskendub eri huvigruppide ootustele

  19. Viiking Vesilind suurendab Eestit / Viio Aitsam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aitsam, Viio, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Ajakirja National Geographic ajakirjanik Priit Vesilind esitles esmaspäeval Tallinnas oma esimest eestikeelset raamatut "Eestlane igas sadamas : artikleid ajakirjast National Geographic" (Tallinn, 2004)

  20. 2010 CERT Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    extensive and expensive rework before implementation. Analysis of catastrophe helps us to see how complex, multi-system, multi-organizational...Cyber Security Science of Cyber Security, published by JASON , an independent scientific advisory group that provides consulting services to the U.S...Ed Desautels Lisa Gardner Alexa Huth Mindi McDowell Amanda Parente Pennie Walters Contributing Team Members Michelle Fried Lisa Marino Design David

  1. The interaction between electricity, heat and gas in a tradable green certificate system. Paper for the analysis phase of InTraCert

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boots, M.G.; Schaeffer, G.J.; De Zoeten, C.

    2001-08-01

    The InTraCert project aims to explore the possibility of integrating the existing and planned Tradable Green Certificate (TGC) schemes in the European Union and, therefore, creating a plausible unified market for TGCs. In particular, attention was paid to the possibilities of integrating TGCs for green electricity, green heat and biogas. Specific issues at stake when taking green heat and biogas into account in a green certificate system were analyzed. The analysis shows that production-based issuing of certificates is preferred, although for practical reasons it is easier to start with grid-based (and 'electricity-only') certificates. Conversion between different certificates and units are of main concern when green heat and biogas are included in the system. The kWh seems to be a convenient unit to issue the certificates. It should be possible to exchange certificates for new certificates, i.e. 'redemption for conversion' (conversion of the certificates in parallel with the conversion of the physical energy flow), as opposed to the redemption of certificates to fulfil an obligation. Mandatory demand, or the obligation, should suitably be put on consumers and stated in general terms. The consumer may then decide on the preferred energy mix to fulfil his obligation. Countries may allow for the possibility to comply with the obligation using foreign certificates and restrict the import of TGCs that they judge to be unacceptable. However, for substantial international trade to take place, some harmonisation, e.g. for issuing certificates, is required. 6 refs

  2. The cardiovascular event reduction tool (CERT)--a simplified cardiac risk prediction model developed from the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study (WOSCOPS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    L'Italien, G; Ford, I; Norrie, J; LaPuerta, P; Ehreth, J; Jackson, J; Shepherd, J

    2000-03-15

    The clinical decision to treat hypercholesterolemia is premised on an awareness of patient risk, and cardiac risk prediction models offer a practical means of determining such risk. However, these models are based on observational cohorts where estimates of the treatment benefit are largely inferred. The West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study (WOSCOPS) provides an opportunity to develop a risk-benefit prediction model from the actual observed primary event reduction seen in the trial. Five-year Cox model risk estimates were derived from all WOSCOPS subjects (n = 6,595 men, aged 45 to 64 years old at baseline) using factors previously shown to be predictive of definite fatal coronary heart disease or nonfatal myocardial infarction. Model risk factors included age, diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol/ high-density lipoprotein ratio (TC/HDL), current smoking, diabetes, family history of fatal coronary heart disease, nitrate use or angina, and treatment (placebo/ 40-mg pravastatin). All risk factors were expressed as categorical variables to facilitate risk assessment. Risk estimates were incorporated into a simple, hand-held slide rule or risk tool. Risk estimates were identified for 5-year age bands (45 to 65 years), 4 categories of TC/HDL ratio ( or = 7.5), 2 levels of diastolic blood pressure ( or = 90 mm Hg), from 0 to 3 additional risk factors (current smoking, diabetes, family history of premature fatal coronary heart disease, nitrate use or angina), and pravastatin treatment. Five-year risk estimates ranged from 2% in very low-risk subjects to 61% in the very high-risk subjects. Risk reduction due to pravastatin treatment averaged 31%. Thus, the Cardiovascular Event Reduction Tool (CERT) is a risk prediction model derived from the WOSCOPS trial. Its use will help physicians identify patients who will benefit from cholesterol reduction.

  3. Kõrgkoolidesse saab astuda Internetis / Liivia Mahlapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mahlapuu, Liivia

    2006-01-01

    Käesoleval aastal kasutavad veebipõhist infosüsteemi SAIS tudengite vastuvõtmisel Audentese Ülikool, EBS, Kaitseväe Ühendatud Õppeasutused, TLÜ, Eesti Infotehnoloogia Kolledž, TTÜ, EKA, Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkool, TÜ, EMÜ, Tallinna Tervishoiu Kõrgkool ja Eesti-Ameerika Äriakadeemia

  4. Kõrgkoolidesse saab astuda internetis / Tarmu Kurm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurm, Tarmu

    2006-01-01

    Sel aastal kasutavad ühist sisseastumise infosüsteemi SAIS Audentese Ülikool, EBS, Kaitseväe Ühendatud Õppeasutused, TLÜ, Eesti Infotehnoloogia Kolledž, TTÜ, EKA, Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkool, TÜ, EMÜ, Tallinna Tervishoiu Kõrgkool ja Eesti-Ameerika Äriakadeemia

  5. Leviv HI-viirus suurendab Eestis tuberkuloosiohtu / Agnes Kuus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuus, Agnes

    2005-01-01

    Põhja-Eesti Regionaalhaigla tuberkuloosiregistri juhataja Vahur Hollo tõdes, et tuberkuloosiga nakatanute koguarvu on keeruline määrata, sest suur osa viirusekandjaist ei haigestu kunagi. Lisa: Tuberkuloos

  6. Euroraha suurendab Eesti võimalusi / Tea Varrak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varrak, Tea

    2006-01-01

    Rahandusministeeriumi kantsler euroraha kasutamisest ja 2007. aastal algavast uuest seitsme aastasest (2007-2013) tsüklist. Tabel: Struktuurifondidest antavad toetused maakonna järgi (seisuga 31.12.2005). Diagramm: Praeguse ja järgmise perioodi rahaliste mahtude ligikaudne võrdlus

  7. Viie riigi kooliprojekt suurendab sallivust / Kadri Haavajõe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haavajõe, Kadri

    2009-01-01

    Türgi nädala raames külastas Türgi saatkonna esimene sekretär Özgür Çakar Kadrina keskkooli seoses Comeniuse toetusel toimuva koostööga Top School Calendar Events. Koostööst võtavad osa Poola, Türgi, Portugali, Itaalia ja Eesti koolid

  8. Europarlament suurendab oma mõjujõudu / Ramon Loik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loik, Ramon

    2004-01-01

    Autori hinnangul andis Euroopa Parlamendi edukas vastuseis Rocco Buttiglione nimetamisele Euroopa Komisjoni volinikuks tunnistust parlamendi mõjujõu kasvust. Siiri Oviiri ja liberaalide fraktsiooni seisukohtadest Buttiglione küsimuses

  9. Infotöötajate infootsingu eksperiment internetis / Kristiina Singer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Singer, Kristiina

    2011-01-01

    TÜ Raamatukogus 2010. a oktoobris toimunud üle-eestilise infootsingu finaalvõistluse raames läbiviidud eksperimendi tagamaadest ja tulemustest. Uuriti, kuidas infotöötajad internetist infot otsivad

  10. Ühistu aruandlust ja infovahetust pidage internetis / Indrek Kald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kald, Indrek, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Autor tutvustab AS-i Spin TEK poolt loodud e-Reeni nimelist tarkvara korteriühistute raamatupidamise lihtsustamiseks. Kommenteerib Peka Ringo. Vt. samas: E-hooldusraamat jõudis Eesti turule juba aasta alguses

  11. Interneti visionääri langus / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2003-01-01

    Internetifirma America Online rajaja Steve Case'i tegevusest maailma suurima meediafirma AOL TimeWarner juhina, tema juhtimisvigadest ja lahkumisest ettevõtte juhatuse esimehe kohalt. Vt. samas: Steve Case lahkub ametist rikka mehena ; Kas internetirevolutsioon on möödas või poolel teel?

  12. Huvi Interneti andmebaaside vastu on tõusuteel / Ally Renter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Renter, Ally

    2002-01-01

    Elektroonilise äri hetkeseisust: hästi ei lähe eraisikuile suunatud e-kaubamajadel, kuid firmade koduleheküljed ja link-süsteemid ostjate ja müüjate vahel (näiteks andmebaas www.kompass.com) on arvestatavad reklaami- ja turunduskanalid

  13. Eesti internetiõppe programm laieneb Euroopasse / Helve Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Helve, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Tartus virtuaalõppeteenuseid pakkuv firma Miksike käivitab Euroopa Komisjoni toel võrguõppeprojekti Learning Folders, projekti rahaline maht on 8 miljonit krooni, millest 2/3 tuleb Euroopa Komisjonilt Sokratese-Minerva programmi kaudu. Projektile oodatakse sada tuhat kasutajat erinevatest Euroopa riikidest

  14. CERT TST November 2016 Visit Summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Little, Robert Currier [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Bailey, Teresa S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kahler, III, Albert Comstock [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Kunen, Adam J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Pautz, Shawn D. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Williams, Alan B. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Zerr, Robert Joseph [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-04-27

    The dozen plus presentations covered the span of the Center’s activities, including experimental progress, simulations of the experiments (both for calibration and validation), UQ analysis, nuclear data impacts, status of simulation codes, methods development, computational science progress, and plans for upcoming priorities. All three institutions comprising the Center (Texas A&M, University of Colorado Boulder, and Simon Fraser University) were represented. Center-supported students not only gave two of the oral presentations, but also highlighted their research in a number of excellent posters.

  15. The CERT Guide to Coordinated Vulnerability Disclosure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-11

    Incident vs. Vulnerability Response 6 1.3 Why Coordinate Vulnerability Disclosures? 6 1.4 Previewing the Remainder of this Document 7 2 Principles of...Accidental Leaks 53 6.5 Independent Discovery 54 6.6 Active Exploitation 55 6.7 Relationships that Go Sideways 55 6.8 Hype, Marketing , and...guide provides an introduction to the key concepts, principles , and roles necessary to establish a successful CVD process. It also provides insights

  16. Kaasaegse kunsti muuseum suurendab panuseid - Köler Prize / Hanno Soans

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soans, Hanno, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    Eesti Kaasaegse Kunsti Muuseumi loodud kaasaegse kunsti preemiast. 6. juunini EKKM-is avatud Köler Prize 2011 nominentide - Dénes Kalev Farkas, Tõnis Saadoja, Timo Toots, Sigrid Viir, Jevgeni Zolotko - näitusest

  17. Lennuvälja laiendamine suurendab Kuressaare konkurentsivõimet / Mehis Tulk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tulk, Mehis, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Kuressaare lennujaama tegevjuht Mati Tang kinnitab, et ligi 60 miljonit krooni maksma minev lennuvälja moderniseerimine aitab tõsta linna konkurentsivõimet ja atraktiivsust. Vt. samas lk. 5: Anne Oolup. Kas Kuressaare linnale on vaja pikemat lennurada?

  18. Kaardiandmete kopeerimise laine suurendab ATM-ide turvalisust / Ann-Marii Nergi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nergi, Ann-Marii

    2011-01-01

    Sagenenud on kurjategijate katsed kopeerida pangaautomaatidest pangaklientide kaardiandmeid, mõnedelt pangakontodelt on kurjategijad ka raha kätte saanud. Sampo Pank paigaldab välisautomaatidele antiskimmingu-seadmed

  19. CERT tribal internship program. Final intern report: Manuel Steele, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    The purpose of this internship was to facilitate transfer of advancements in renewable energy to Native American lands for economic and educational benefits and to assist in evaluation of proposals submitted for government funding under Title 26 Indian Energy Resources Program. Specific objectives were to examine specific cost factors stated by each Tribe for economic assessment of each proposal; assess environmental impacts of proposed scope of work presented by each Tribe; monitor existing grants for disbursement of requested funds; and provide Tribal governments with a fair and impartial review of grant proposals for funding by the Department of Energy.

  20. Survey and Cert-Promising Practices Project-State Profiles

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The state profiles are intended to provide an understanding of the environment within which the featured agencies are functioning, including factors which may...

  1. CERT tribal internship program. Final intern report: Karen Sandoval, 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    This intern report consists of the workshop handbook for the Comprehensive Environmental and Natural Resource Management Planning workshop presented by the Council of Energy Resource Tribes. The workshop objectives were to foster and awareness of integrated resource management rationale; present the fundamental elements of an integrated approach; explain what distinguishes this approach from mainstream strategies; discuss how worldview and philosophy shape action and policy; present ways in which philosophical dexterity promotes effective management; and identify opportunities to engage and participate in integrated management. Resource articles presented at the meeting have been removed for separate processing for inclusion on the data base.

  2. CERT tribal internship program. Final intern report: David Conrad, 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    The intern`s report contains a Master`s thesis entitled, ``An implementation analysis of the US Department of Energy`s American Indian policy as part of its environmental restoration and waste management mission.`` This thesis examines the implementation of a working relationship between the Nez Perce Tribe and the US Department of Energy`s Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management at the Hanford reservation. It examines the relationship using a qualitative methodology and three generations of policy analysis literature to gain a clear understanding of the potential for successful implementation.

  3. CERT tribal internship program. Final intern report: Melinda Jacquez, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    The purpose of the intern project was to write a comprehensive booklet on all state legislation proposed in 1995 on Native American issues. A second purpose was to contact tribal governments and request an ordinance, law or resolution on hazardous and nuclear waste transportation. This intern report contains a summary of bills proposed in 37 state legislatures pertaining to Native American issues. Time ran out before the second project objective could be met.

  4. CERT Resilience Management Model, Version 1.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    practice such as ISO 27000 , COBIT, or ITIL. If you are a member of an established process improvement community, particularly one centered on CMMI...Systems Audit and Control Association ISO International Organization for Standardization ISSA Information Systems Security Association IT

  5. CERT Resilience Management Model (CERT-RMM) V1.1: NIST Special Publication Crosswalk Version 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Organization for Standards ( ISO ) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 27000 series, COBIT, the British Standards Institution’s BS 25999...and ISO 24762 • includes quantitative process measurements that can be used to ensure operational resilience processes are performing as intended

  6. «Cual doctora en cielo graduada... ». La poesia femenina per als certàmens literaris amb motiu de la beatificació i canonització de Teresa de Jesús (València, 1614 i 1621; Barcelona, 1614

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verònica Zaragoza Gómez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available L’objectiu d’aquest estudi és examinar les composicions poètiques aportades per dones als tres certàmens celebrats a València i Barcelona, amb motiu de la beatificació (1614 i posterior canonització (1622 de Teresa de Jesús; dos moments clau per a la consolidació de la fama de la carmelitana avilesa que van possibilitar l’exhibició pública i impressió de poesia femenina. Analitzem també la participació femenina catalana al certamen celebrat a Saragossa el 1614 per la beatificació. L’estudi està enfocat des d’una perspectiva femenina, a través de la revisió de dihuit poesies amb signatura de dones que ens han transmès les extenses relacions impreses. Al llarg del comentari dels poemes, analitzem la percepció general que aquestes dones tenen de Teresa de Jesús y ens centrem en algunes de les imatges tòpiques sobre la vida i l’obra de la fundadora. Incidim en la documentació biogràfica de les autores, setze poetes ‘de circumstàncies’ conegudes tan sols per un nom i cognom(s estampats a la rúbrica. A més, proporcionem unes breus pinzellades sobre la recepció femenina de la figura de la carmelita avilesa a l’àmbit lingüístic català. The aim of this study is to examine the poetic compositions made by women in the three contests held in Valencia and Barcelona on the occasion of the beatification (1614 and subsequent canonization (1622 of Teresa of Jesus; two special moments for the consoli-dation of the fame of the Carmelite nun which allowed the public display and then its printing of feminine poetry. We also analyze the Catalan female participation in the con-test held in Zaragoza in 1614 for the beatification. The study is focused from a female perspective, through the review of eighteen poems signed by women which arrived to us through extensive printed relations. Throughout the commentary of the poems, we analyze the general perception that these women have about Teresa of Jesus and we focus on some

  7. Charles Darwini tööd on internetis kättesaadavad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Cambridgeþi ülikooli eestvedamisel on digitaliseeritud umbes 50 000 lehekülge tekste ja 40 000 kujutist nii originaalväljaannetest kui ka seni laiemalt avaldamata materjalidest. Darwini tööd on aadressil: http://darwin-online.org.uk

  8. Turvalist kooliaastat - koolis, tänaval ja internetis / Jüri Pihl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihl, Jüri, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Molodjozh Estonii 1. sept. lk. 4-5, Sakala 2. sept., lk. 2, Virumaa Teataja 2. sept., lk. 11, Oma Saar 2. sept., lk. 5, Tartu Postimees 2. sept., lk. 2, Hiiu Leht 2. sept., lk. 2, Pärnu Postimees 2. sept., lk. 15, Koit 2. sept. lk. 6, Sõnumitooja 3. sept. lk. 2, Vooremaa 4. sept. lk. 2. Siseminister Jüri Pihl esitab kolm suuremat probleemi, mis vähendavad turvalisust koolis ja kooliteel: ohud liikluses, kasvav meelemürkide tarvitamine ning koolivägivald

  9. Laomajandusel nüüd internetis oma pesa / Jaana Pikalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikalev, Jaana

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 24. okt. lk. 22. Uus logistika teemaportaal lihtsustab laologistikute tööd teenuste, koolituse ning valdkonna uudiste leidmisel. Kommenteerivad Fred Märtso, Tarmo Rei ja Illimar Paul. Lisa: Estonian-warehouse.com; Portaal koondab info laomajandusest

  10. Internetis messide korraldajad loodavad Skype'i edu korrata / Agnes Ojala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojala, Agnes

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 30. juuli lk. 4. Online Expo OÜ hakkab korraldama veebimesse, projekti on investeeritud 15 miljonit krooni, teistesse riikidesse laieneb firma frantsiisilepingute alusel. Lisa: Online Expo OÜ. Kommenteerib Eesti Ehituse finantsjuht Sulev Luiga

  11. Interneti mängupõrgud tahavad Eestisse / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2007-01-01

    Veebikasiinod on Eestis seadusevastased, ent eestikeelset teenust pakuvad mitmed välismaa operaatorid. Kaht veebiportaali opereeriva firma Euro-Fotball 247 omanik Ole-Ray Grodseth ostaks Eestis hasartmängulitsentsi, Stockholmi börsil noteeritud Unibet peab Eesti turgu atraktiivseks siinse suure internetikasutuse tõttu. Lisa: Näiteid onlain-kasiinode maksustamisest. Diagramm: Online-mängureid Euroopas

  12. Interneti-teenuse vahendaja teisese vastutuse kvalifitseerimine rahvusvahelises eraõiguses / Gea Lepik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepik, Gea, 1989-

    2013-01-01

    Kvalifitseerimisprobleemi olemusest, põhjustest ning erinevate lahendusvariantide praktilistest tagajärgedest. Probleemile on pakutud lahendus Rooma II määruse (EÜ nr 864/2007) alusel, millest Euroopa Liidu liikmesriikide kohtud lepinguvälistele võlasuhetele kohalduva õiguse määramisel lähtuvad. Artikkel põhineb autori magistritööl "Vahendajast teenuseosutaja teisesele rikkumisele kohalduva õiguse määramine Rooma II määruse alusel", mille ta kaitses 2013. a. kevadel Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonnas

  13. Internetis lööb laineid Soome sci-fi-paroodia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Reutersi andmeil on Soome läbi aegade kõige vaadatum film soome tudengite valmistatud ingliskeelne täispikk intenetifilm - "Star Treki" paroodia "Star Wreck : In the Pirkinning" : režissöör Timo Vuorensola : produtsent Samuli Torssonen

  14. CERT (registered trademark) Resilience Management Model (CERT (registered trademark)-RMM) V1.1: NIST Special Publication Crosswalk Version 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    27000 series, COBIT, the British Standards Institution’s BS 25999, and ISO 24762  includes quantitative process measurements that can be used to...the NIST special publications 800 series, the International Organization for Standards ( ISO ) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC

  15. Making DidFail Succeed: Enhancing the CERT Static Taint Analyzer for Android App Sets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-31

    privileged task for an application without permissions. The Epicc [3] tool precisely analyzes inter-app communication in Android . By looking at intents...security. By placing adjustable limitations on what resources applications can use, Android allows users a large degree of control over how much trust...the user’s location, contacts, and other personal details. One of the core assumptions of the Android permission system is that an application that

  16. CERT tribal internship program. Final intern report: D`Lisa Penney, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    The purpose of this intern`s project was to: education the Nez Perce people of the Hanford situation; begin researching into past and present health effects from the Hanford site; and inform and educate the Nez Perce people of the Hanford site and past exposures. The specific objectives were to begin researching the history of Nez Perce people and Hanford; create an understanding for the importance of this research; define the radiation and risks and how they occur; inform the Nez Perce people of the issue; and write the paper so it is easy to understand. This intern report contains a copy of the final paper written for the Nez Perce people. Because the dose reconstruction for Hanford is not complete, the health effects section is informative, but not definitive.

  17. Introducing the CERT (Trademark) Resiliency Engineering Framework: Improving the Security and Sustainability Processes

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Caralli, Richard A; Stevens, James F; Wallen, Charles M; White, David W; Wilson, William R; Young, Lisa R

    2007-01-01

    ... and controlling operational resiliency. Unfortunately, organizations often manage these activities in a reactive posture fraught with stove-piped organizational structures and poorly defined and measured goals. The result...

  18. Belonging and exclusion in the Internet era : language issues / Pille Runnel, Pille Vengerfeldt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Runnel, Pille, 1974-

    2002-01-01

    Uurimusest keelepõhisest ebavõrdsusest Interneti kasutajate seas Eestis. "Digitaalne lõhe". Diagrammid: Interneti kasutajad Eestis; Võõrkeelt rääkivad inimesed Eestis; Keelepõhise ebavõrduse dimensioonid; Interneti ja arvuti keel

  19. Varavastane süütegu Interneti keskkonnas : selle piiritlemise probleemid Eesti karistusõiguses. Riigikohtu otsus 3-1-1-83-07 / Elina Elkind

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elkind, Elina, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Kommentaar Riigikohtu lahendile 3-1-1-83-07 (Anne Lindovi kaitsja vandeadvokaat Erki Kergandbergi kassatsioon Tallinna Ringkonnakohtu 7. juuni 2007. a kohtuotsuse peale kriminaalasjas Anne Lindovi süüdistuses KarS § 201 lg 2 p-de 1 ja 4 järgi)

  20. CERT Resilience Management Model (RMM) v1.1: Code of Practice Crosswalk Commercial Version 1.1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-01

    2005 (E) ISO/IEC 24762: 2008 (E) ISO/IEC 27002: 2005 (E) ISO/IEC 27005: 2008 (E) ISO/IEC 31000: 2009 (E) NFPA 1600 PCI: 2009 HRM – Human ...Subpractices 1. Obtain written approval from line of business and organizational unit managers, asset owners, and human resources staff for...sup- ports their desired level of process maturity and improvement. Another important objective of this document is to permit organizations to use

  1. 78 FR 5210 - Open Government Initiative: Implementation of the iCERT Labor Certification Registry for the H-1B...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... number). Individuals with hearing or speech impairments may access the telephone number above via TTY by... required submitting a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request directly to the Department and waiting for... performing more in-depth longitudinal statistical research and analysis; and Access to important social media...

  2. Karzai sai vähem kui kolmandiku küsitud rahast / Evelyn Kaldoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldoja, Evelyn, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    Pariisis toimuval Afganistani doonorite konverentsil 50 miljardit dollarit lisaraha nõutanud president Hamid Karzai sai esialgu 14 miljardit dollarit. Välisminister Urmas Paet lubas oma sõnavõtus, et Eesti suurendab oma abi

  3. Norma võidab Avtovazi juhtide vahetamisest / Kaja Koovit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koovit, Kaja, 1968-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 6. veebr. lk. 25. Avtovazi juhtide väljavahetamine on Normale positiivne, kui Avtovaz kaasab välispartnereid ja suurendab tootmist, kasvatades nii ka Norma turvavööde tarneid

  4. Terry Miller : Eesti on majandusvabaduse maailmas kangelane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Majanduskonverentsil Restart esinenud pikaajalise kogemusega karjääridiplomaadi Terry Milleri hinnang Eesti majandusvabadusele. Eesti on maailma majandusvabaduse indeksi 12. kohal, kuid tööturu vabaduse osas on Eesti viimaste hulgas. Lisa: Majandusvabadus suurendab rahvuslikku rikkust

  5. Taastuvenergiaallikad ja Eesti rahvuslikud huvid / Rein Veski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veski, Rein, 1933-

    2002-01-01

    Eesti riigi huvides on kasulik rahvusvaheliste energeetikaalaste lepete täitmine, sest need suurendavad taastuvenergiaallikate osatähtsust, mis omakorda suurendab riigi energeetilist sõltumatust, mis vastab Eesti rahvuslikele huvidele. Tabelid

  6. Kaks rahvusvahelist kinohiidu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Suurim filmilevitaja Eestis on seni Forum Cinemas AS, kuid Solarise keskuse valmimisega Tallinnas suurendab meelelahutuskontserni BDG osalusega Baltic Multiplex Ventures Cinamon kobarkinode osatähtsust (hiljuti avati ka Tartus Taskus Cinamon kobarkino)

  7. Jevropa boretsja s tsenovõm krizisom / Aleksei Toom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toom, Aleksei

    2008-01-01

    EL suurendab Euroopa riikide puudust tundva elanikkonna toiduabile eraldatud summat 300 miljonilt eurolt 500 miljoni euroni. Nafta ja toiduainete hinna pidurdamatu tõus on pannud EL-i juhid otsima teid kriisi peatamiseks

  8. Telefon on kaotaja / Tõnu Vare

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vare, Tõnu, 1947-

    2003-01-01

    Computer Industry Alamac Inc ennustuse kohaselt suureneb Interneti kasutajate arv maailmas 2005. aastaks ligi miljardini ehk täpsemalt 945 miljoni inimeseni. Diagramm: Interneti kasutajate arv maailmas (miljonites)

  9. Web aitab nutikamaid firmasid / Peeter Stamberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stamberg, Peeter

    2003-01-01

    Interneti-lahendustesse investeerimine on aidanud paljudel ettevõtetel oma tulemusi parandada. Autor teeb ülevaate ajakirjas BusinessWeek avaldatud edukamatest internetiprojektidest. Lisa: Internetiäri teine laine

  10. Ameerika teismelised on netisõbrad / Tõnu Vare

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vare, Tõnu, 1947-

    2005-01-01

    USA uuringufirma Pew Internet & American Life Project poolt 2005. a. juulis avaldatud uuringu tulemustest Interneti kasutamise kohta 12-17-aastaste noorte seas. Diagrammid: Interneti kasutajad (%) USA-s 2005

  11. On-line retailing : a Canadian perspective / Brent McKenzie

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    McKenzie, Brent

    2002-01-01

    Kaanel ajak. ilmumisaeg 2001/2002. Kanadas on interneti teel ostjaid alla 2% neist, kes vastavaid interneti-lehekülgi külastavad. Konservatiivset suhtumist saab aga muuta, kui pakkuda head ja turvalist teenust ning kaupa hea hinnaga

  12. Wiki-Jimmy käivitab mootori / Reet Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Reet

    2007-01-01

    Internetientsüklopeedia Wikipedia autor Jimmy Donal "Jimbo" Wales kavatseb peatselt käiku lasta uue otsingumootori Search Wikia, millest peaks saama tõsine konkurent praegustele juhtivatele Interneti otsimootoritele Google ja Yahoo. Lisa: Jimmy Wales

  13. Ambitious plans for the e-government in Estonia / Marko Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Marko, 1969-

    2001-01-01

    Interneti kiirest levikust Eestis. E-valitsus ja e-riik. Elektrooniline kaubandus ja pangandus. Diagrammid: arvutikasutajad ja Hansapanga kliendid Eestis; Interneti kasutajad ja Hanza.net-i kliendid Eestis

  14. Wettbewerb im Internet, ein Vergleich zwischen estnischem und deutschem Recht : [magistritöö] / Anneli Alekand ; juhendaja: Thomas Hoeren

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alekand, Anneli, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Konkurents internetis, selle võrdlus Eesti ja Saksa õiguses, konkurentsiõiguse üldiseloomustus, reklaam Eesti ja Saksa õiguses, reklaam internetis, hüperlingid, oksjonid; elektroonilise kaubanduse direktiivist

  15. Elektroonilise rämpspostituse olemus. Rämps e-posti saatmisega kahju õigusvastane tekitamine e-kirja teenuse kasutajatele ning Interneti teenuse pakkujatele. Probleemi seadusandlik lahendus : [bakalaureusetöö] / Veiko Vahimets ; Tartu Ülikool,

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahimets, Veiko

    2003-01-01

    Elektroonilise rämpsposti olemus - õigusliku regulatsiooni vajalikkus, elektrooniline rämpspostitus ja deliktiõigus, elektroonilise rämpspostituse vastase seadusandluse arengusuunad (Ameerika Ühendriikides, Kanadas, Austraalias, Taiwanil, Euroopa Liidus, Eestis)

  16. Kes peab posti- või Interneti-müügi lepingust taganemisel kandma esialgsed postikulud? : Euroopa Kohtu otsus asjas Handelsgesellschaft Heinrich Heine GmbH vs. Verbraucherzentrale Nordrhein-Westfalen e.V. / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Kohtu lahendist, mille kohaselt on Euroopa Liidu kaugmüügidirektiiviga vastuolus müügilepingu klauslid, mille järgi lepingust taganemise korral esialgseid postikulusid tellijatele ei tagastata

  17. Internetiteenuste vahendaja tegevusega seotud õiguslikke küsimusi autoriõiguse ja autoriõigusega kaasnevate õiguste kasutamisel Internetis : [teadusmagistritöö] / Evelyn Tohvri ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Heiki Pisuke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tohvri, Evelyn

    2007-01-01

    Internetiteenuste vahendaja ja tema tegevusega seotud põhimõisted ; autori, esitaja ja fonogrammitootja ainuõigused internetiteenuste vahendamisel ; internetiteenuste vahendaja tsiviilõiguslik vastutus

  18. El Reglamento de la Iniciativa CiudadanaEuropea de 2011 : su especial regulación de la recogida de apoyos vía internety de la protección de datos de los ciudadanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Cotino Hueso

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El estudio examina el muy novedoso Reglamento (UE nº 211/2011, sobre la iniciativa ciudadana europea (ICE. Es una norma que proyecta esta institución por primera vez al ámbito supranacional y también es revolucionaria por estar pensada esencialmente para internet. La ICE será electrónica o no será. Se examina la evolución de la regulación en los tratados constitucionales y la relativamente rápida y no conflictiva elaboración del Reglamento, pese a la materia que toca el «nervio político» de la Unión. Se analiza la regulación del sistema de recogida de apoyos ciudadanos a través de páginas web. Estos sistemas serán posibles gracias al software de código abierto que pondrá a disposición la Comisión, siguiendo las las normas técnicas que tiene que aprobar. Se avanzan algunos posibles problemas jurídico-políticos. Ya por cuanto a los requisitos de los apoyos ciudadanos por vía electrónica el autor se inclina por los sistemas de firma electrónica menos robustos pero más sencillos de usar. Asimismo se apuesta porque sea posible hacer apoyos electrónicos de forma anónima o seudónima. También se adelanta la futura práctica de que se busque acreditar las plataformas de recogida de firmas en los Estados miembros que menos exigencias impongan. Una inercia similar también a la hora de elegir el territorio de almacenamiento de los apoyos electrónicos, pues se buscará el Estado más flexible en materia de protección de datos. El estudio también analiza quién ha de verificar y acreditar en cada Estado los apoyos recibidos por una concreta ICE y cómo han de hacerlo. El segundo bloque del estudio es relativo a la protección de datos de los ciudadanos que apoyan una ICE. Es un tema clave para el futuro éxito de la ICE y es objeto fundamental del Reglamento. Se considera que los ciudadanos tienen que dar demasiados datos para apoyar una ICE. Se estudia el alcance de 11_Derecho público Europeo2 07/09/2011 8:55 Página 375 la clara limitación de la finalidad de los datos. También se subraya la importancia de que el reglamento considere a los organizadores y las autoridades como «responsables del tratamiento», a la vez que se subraya su responsabilidad jurídica. Finalmente, se analiza el régimen de protección de datos a seguir respecto de los ficheros de datos de ciudanos que apoyan una ICE: la notificación y registro, el alto nivel de seguridad exigido por tratarse de datos ideológicos y, por último, se concretan las exigencias de destrucción de los ficheros por esta avanzada norma. The study examines the very new Regulation (EU No. 211/2011 on the Citizen’ Initiative (ECI. It is the first regulation of the citizen’ initiative to the supranational level. It is also revolutionary because it is designed primarily for the Internet. It is examined the evolution of the ECI in the constitutional treaties and the relatively rapid and non-contentious drafting of the regulation, despite the matter affects the «political nerve» of the Union. It is analysed the regulation of the online collection systems. These systems will be possible by open source software available by the Commission and It has to follow the technical standards that it must approve. Some possible legal and political problems are put forward. About the requirements of the electronic supports the author prefers electronic signature systems simpler to use. Also it is affirmed the possibility of electronic support anonymously or with pseudonymous. It is also commented two future practices. Member States which impose fewer requirements to give the accreditation of the online collection systems will be preferred too. It will happen a similar phenomenon to choose the country to storage the electronic supports of the citizens. The States with more flexible data protection requirements will be chosen. The study also examines who has to verify and certify in each State the concrete supports received by a specific ECI, and how they must do it. The second part of the study is on data protection of citizens who support ECI. It is a key issue for the future success of the ECI and fundamental content of the Regulation. It is considered that the citizens have to give too much data to support ECI. The rule is clear about the data must not be used for any purpose than their indicated support for that ECI and the consideration of the organizers and the authorities as «controllers» within the meaning of Directive 95/46/EC. At the same time it is stressed their legal responsibility. Finally, it is studied the data protection regime that concerns to the data files of citizens that support an ECI: communication and registration, the high level of security required because the data are ideological and, finally, the specific obligations to destroy all statements of support received for that ICE.

  19. Et certe opera Deus facit mediantibus causis secundis”: fray Luis de León y la determinación del derecho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Contreras Aguirre

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Luis de León is one of the most important figures of so called Scholastic of Salamanca. In his work, that is the culmination of the Augustinian school of the sixteenth century, are present the most different activities (jurist, prose writer, theologian, poet, etc. and the most different schools of thought (Thomism, Nominalism, Humanism, etc.. The legal philosophy of León, which is what interests us now, has been apparently overshadowed by his reputation as a writer and mystic. But this does not make his work as jurist in not valuable. On the contrary, the legal ideas of Spanish thinker represent one of principal pieces of Theological School of Salamanca

  20. 77 FR 59670 - Electronic Filing of H-2A and H-2B Labor Certification Applications Through the iCERT Visa Portal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    ... Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) and Department of Homeland Security U.S. Citizenship and Immigration... administration of certain employment-based immigration programs that require a labor certification. 8 U.S.C. 1184....pdf and Office of Management and Budget, Contracting Guidance to Support Modular Development (Jun. 14...

  1. Analysis of the United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team’s (U.S. CERT) EINSTEIN III Intrusion Detection System, and Its Impact on Privacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    61 3. FISA and CyberSpace as a Foreign Domain ...................................62 4. Freedom of Speech and...amendment’s primary intent is to protect the freedom of speech . It states: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or...prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech , or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to

  2. Visionäär : internet hukutab vana kapitalismi / Joichi Ito ; interv. Kristjan Otsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ito, Joichi

    2007-01-01

    Maailma juhtivaid riskikapitaliste vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad ebavajaliku info probleemi internetis, tema kujutlust tuleviku veebiteenustest, võrkude avamisega kaasnevaid muudatusi, jagamismajanduse tulumudeleid

  3. Strateegiaguru Porter, klastriguru Porter, sponsorlusguru Porter. Peaaegu, et gurude guru!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Maailma juhtiva strateegiaguru, Harvard Business Schooli professori Michael Porteri seisukohtadest ja ideedest ettevõtete heategevuse, Interneti kui majandusharu ning klastrite kohta. Lisa: Michael Porter

  4. Internet cases in EU private international law - developing a coherent approach / Tobias Lutzi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lutzi, Tobias

    2017-01-01

    Internetiühenduse mõjust rahvusvahelisele eraõigusele ja selle toetumisest geograafilistele punktidele. Probleemidest rahvusvahelist eraõigust reguleerivate rahvusvaheliste õigusaktide valguses ja asjakohasest kohtupraktikast

  5. The chilling effect of liability for online reader comments / Ronan O. Fathaigh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fathaigh, Ronan O.

    2017-01-01

    Interneti uudistesaitide kasutajate kommentaaridest, väljendusvabadusest ja online meedia vastutusest kommentaaride sisu eest erinevate kohtuasjade näitel, sealhulgas Eesti uudisteportaali Delfi juhtum

  6. Kas maakonnalehti ähvardab sulgemine? / Silja Lättemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lättemäe, Silja, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Maakonnalehtede esindajate sõnul suurendab valitsuse plaan tõsta ajalehtedele kehtivat 5%-list maksumäära ning kaotada lehtede kojukande dotatsioon ajalehtede väljaandmiskulusid, suurima löögi alla satuvad väiksemad maakonnalehed

  7. Eesti Gaas tahab Eesti ja Soome vahele gaasitoru ehitada / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Gaasi juhi Aarne Saare sõnul võiks Eesti-Soome gaasijuhe valmida aastail 2010-2012, praegu uuritakse projekti teostatavust. Läti suurendab Incukalnsi gaasihoidla mahtu, Latvijas Gaze esindaja Vincents Makarise sõnul võiks Lätist saada üks EL-i gaasihoidlatest

  8. Dopinguainete tuvastamine sai ootamatu tagasilöögi / Priit Pullerits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pullerits, Priit, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 30. mai, lk. 18. Rootsi teadlased on avastanud, et keelatud ainete nimekirja kuuluvat testosterooni, mille süstimine tugevdab lihaseid ning suurendab treeningukoormuste talumise võimet, pole sugugi võimalik kõigi sportlaste organismis avastada

  9. Critical levels of debt? / Jana Kask, Peeter Luikmel, Lenno Uusküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Jana

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Development and convergence of financial sector of new EU members : 16-20 November 2005 Tallinn, Estonia. - Tallinn, 2005, lk. 211-223. Võlaindikaatorite kui finantskriiside võimalike tegurite analüüs, kust selgub, et kõrge võlatase kriisi puhkemisel pikendab selle kestvust ja suurendab kulusid. Tabelid. Lisad lk. 68

  10. Carmen, me jumaldame sind! / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2000-01-01

    1999. a. märtsis tegevust alustanud, arvutispetsialist Alwyn Greeri loodud Carmen Kassi koduleheküljest internetis (www.versailles.net/ck/index.htm). C. Kassi interneti külalisteraamatust leitud meiliaadressidel tehtud järelepärimisest.

  11. James Stevens / James Stevens ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stevens, James

    2006-01-01

    Inglise disainerist James Stevensist (sünd. 1962) ja tema tegevusest. J. Stevens 2000. a. Amsterdamis tehtud intervjuus koos Jon Bainsi ja Kim Bulliga 1995. a. Londonis avatud Interneti-agentuurist Obsolete, 1996-2000 tegutsenud Interneti-kohvikust Backspace, mittekommertsiaalse juhtmeteta nerworki Consume.net rajamisest Londonis

  12. Kas tüdrukud jõuavad järele? Soolise infokihistumise arengujoontest Eestis / Veronika Kalmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmus, Veronika, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    Sugudevahelistest erinevustest infotehnoloogia kasutamises ning olulise informatsiooni valdamises. 14-19-aastaste noorte seas tehtud küsitlusuuringute tulemustest. Diagrammid: Internetiühenduse olemasolu kodus (%); Interneti märkimisväärne kasutamine (%); Arvutikasutusoskuste keskmised enesehinnangud. Tabelid: Infokihistumise aspektid soo lõikes vanuserühmades 2002-03. a.; Lineaarse regressioonanalüüsi tulemused

  13. On-line retailing : a Canadian perspective / Brent McKenzie

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    McKenzie, Brent

    2001-01-01

    Kaanel ajak. ilmumisaeg Winter 2001/2002. Kanadas on interneti teel ostjaid alla 2% neist, kes vastavaid interneti-lehekülgi külastavad. Konservatiivset suhtumist saab aga muuta, kui pakkuda head ja turvalist teenust ning kaupa hea hinnaga

  14. Baltic commerce : not yet on the Internet / Andres Agasild

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Agasild, Andres, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Vaatamata Eesti erakordselt kõrgele Interneti kasutamise tasemele on elektroonilise kaubanduse areng aeglane. Autor leiab selle peamiseks seletuseks olevat asjaolu, et 82% Interneti kasutajatest on alla 20-aastased õpilased ja üliõpilased, kelle ostujõud on madal. Lisa: MarkIT

  15. EMT ajab Rate.ee abil noori kliente taga / Aivar Reinap, Kaire Uusen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinap, Aivar, 1968-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, Pärnu Postimees 6. apr. lk. 8,7. Mobiilifirma EMT ostis Sereda Invest OÜ-lt ligi 40 miljoni krooni eest enamusosaluse suhtlusportaalis Rate.ee vältimaks konkurendi mõjujõu kasvu. Vt. samas: Üksikisikud hoiavad internetiäri üleval. Lisa: Internetiäri

  16. Internet ees, revolutsioon taga / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Internetiühendus on Tuneesias vähemalt igal kolmandal ja Egiptuses igal neljandal. Mobiiltelefone on Tuneesias 10 mln. elaniku kohta 9,7 mln., Egiptuses 80 mln. elaniku kohta 55 mln. Autor leiab, et kui islamimaailm suutis omaks võtta moodsa kommunikatsiooni, suudab ta ilmselt omaks võtta ka demokraatia. Interneti levikut pidurdavad diktatuuririigid

  17. Ministerstvo sotsialnõhh del võkidõvajet dengi na veter / Jekaterina Guzhvina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Guzhvina, Jekaterina

    2006-01-01

    Sotsiaalministeerium kulutas 5 miljonit krooni Interneti teel töökoha leidmise süsteemi loomiseks, kasutajad on hinnanud veebilehekülje amet.ee ebaefektiivseks. Lisa: Erafirmade Interneti tööotsimise veebisaitide võrdlus

  18. Kogu Eestimaa internetiseerimise kava jääb sel aastal veel lõpetamata / Margus Konnula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Konnula, Margus, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Interneti leviala ei ole veel jõudnud Vormsi saarele ega Mahtra külla, projekti Külatee 3 raames otsitakse nn. leviaukudele veel lahendusi. Internetiportaali www.WiFi.ee toimetaja Veljo Haameri väitel on Eestis tuhandeid probleemseid kohti ning Eesti ei ole kindlasti maailma juhtriik inimeste "digitaalses kaasamises". Kaart: Kõue interneti leviala

  19. A glorious, yet almost forgotten, mathematical theory, and some possibly new applications of it to physics; Una gloriosa ma quasi dimenticata teoria matematica e certe sue inedite applicazioni alla fisica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lo Surdo, C. [ENEA, Divisione Fusione Centro Ricerche Frascati, Rome (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    Hardly the role and the importance of Classical-Invariant Theory is the history of mathematics (say, between - 1850 and - 1920) can be fully appreciated by a nonspecialist. In this study, it was firstly purposed to provide a compact sketch of its foundations starting from (and keeping the framework of) some very basic ideas in the equation theory; and then, after reviewing a couple of classical examples, to illustrate a number of (presumably new) applications to physics, with special reference to constitutive relations in continuous material media. As a significant example of the latter type (amongst other ones), it shall be completely worked out the problem of the a priori structure of linear viscous-stress tensor in a magnetoplasma. [Italian] Non e' facile, da parte del non-specialista, apprezzare pienamente il ruolo e l'importanza della Teoria degli Invarianti Classici nella storia della matematica (diciamo all'incirca tra il 1850 e il 1920). In questo studio, il lettore trova anzitutto una rassegna, succinta ma largamente improntata alla generalita', dei suoi fondamenti a partire da poche idee di base della teoria delle equazioni, oltre ad un breve inquadramento storico e alla illustrazione di un paio di esempi classici. Seguono poi alcune applicazion - presuntivamente nuove - alla fisica matematica, con particolare riferimento alle relazioni costitutive in mezzi materiali continui. Come significativo esempio di applicazione di quest'ultimo tipo, e' infine completamente sviluppato il calcolo della struttura a priori del tensore di viscosita' lineare in un magnetoplasma.

  20. Iraak sihikul : veriste rusude kohal kerkib teistsugune riik / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    Iraagis kujunenud olukorrast. Autori väitel ei usu enam peaaegu keegi võimalusse purustada mässulisi Iraagis sõjalise jõuga, vastupanuvõitlus USA okupatsiooni vastu on laienenud kahe kogukonna vaheliseks verevalamiseks. Hukkunute arvust. Vt. samas: Shiiitide sõjakas juht al-Sadri suurendab Iraagis oma võimu; Rahukolle Kurdistan ei rutta iseseisvuma. Lisad: Sunniitide vägivaldne kolmnurk; Iraagi naabrid kaitsevad kiivalt oma huve

  1. Astmelise tulumaksu mõju Eesti maksusüsteemile, kohalike omavalitsuste eelarvetele ning pensionireformile / Kairi Lainjärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lainjärv, Kairi

    2003-01-01

    Autor järeldab, et astmelise tulumaksu rakendamine vähendab kohalike omavalitsuste tulubaasi, lükkab edasi pensionireformi eesmärki suurendada kodumaist säästmist, rikub Eesti lubadust Euroopa Liidule säilitada proportsionaalne tulumaks, tekitab vajaduse suurendada tulubaasi säilitamiseks kaudsete maksude osakaalu, võib kaasa tuua majanduskasvu pidurdamise, suurendab jõukamate ja vaesemate ühiskonnakihtide võõrandumist üksteisest. Tabelid

  2. Tehnoloogiaingel Esther Dyson / Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokk, Aavo, 1964-

    2001-01-01

    Eesti personaliotsingufirma CV-Online'i investorist Esther Dysonist, kui Interneti ja infotehnoloogia valdkonna aktivistist ning maailma ühest tuntumast naisriskikapitalistist. Vt. samas lühiint. Esther Dysongia

  3. Turunduse meistriklass / Philip Kotler ; interv. Stuart Crainer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotler, Philip

    2004-01-01

    Turunduse rollist ettevõtte tegevuses, Interneti ja kommunikatsioonitehnoloogiate mõjust turunduse arengule, kliendisuhete haldamisest ning ettevõtte sotsiaalsest vastutusest. Lisa: Turunduse ees seisavad paljud suured väljakutsed

  4. Skype has changed the telecommunications market / Lauri Levo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levo, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    Eestlaste kaasabil loodud programmist Skype, millega saab Interneti vahendusel teha tasuta telefonikõnesid üle maailma. Meelis Kuusbergi kommentaar. Lisad: Ajalugu; Niklas Zennström; Janus Friis. Vt. samas intervjuud Sten Tamkiviga

  5. The model of Internet-based marketing communication / Katrin Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Katrin

    2004-01-01

    Turunduskommunikatsioon Interneti teel erineb traditsioonilisest turunduskommunikatsioonist, võimaldades sõnumite ja tagasiside liikumise protsessi kahesuunalisust ning muutes seega kogu turunduskommunikatsiooni õppimis-(või tundmaõppimis-)protsessiks. Skeemid. Tabelid

  6. Digitaalallkirja seadus saab sisu / Aare Reivart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reivart, Aare, 1968-

    2000-01-01

    Sideoperaatorid ja pangad hakkavad välja töötama ühtset avalikku võtme infrastruktuuri (PKI), mis võimaldab telefoni ja interneti vahendusel kasutada mitmesuguseid teenuseid kiiresti ja turvaliselt

  7. Info- ja kommunikatsioonitehnoloogia / Aavo Heinlo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinlo, Aavo

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Social trends. - Tallinn, 2004, nr. 3, lk. 29-35. Ülevaade uuringutest arvuti (Interneti) kasutamise võimaluste kohta kodus ning õppeasutustes, IKT-spetsialistide ettevalmistamisest Eestis. Diagrammid. Graafikud. Tabelid

  8. Aleksei Shulgin / Aleksei Shulgin ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Shulgin, Aleksei

    2006-01-01

    1997. a. Ljubljanas tehtud intervjuu vene fotograafi ja kunstniku Aleksei Shulginiga (sünd. 1963). Tegelemisest Interneti ja võrgukunstiga, projektidest "Refresh" (1996), "Form Art", "Internet Gold Medal" ja muust

  9. Eesti e-riigi ideele tugev tunnustus / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti e-riigi ja e-valitsuse projekt saavutas neljanda koha rahvusvahelise poliitikaportaali Politics Online korraldatud küsitluses. E-riigi akadeemia juhi Ivari Tallo kommentaare. Lisad: Politics Online kirjeldab Eestit; Interneti ja poliitikamaailma mõjutajad

  10. Matthew Fuller / Matthew Fuller ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fuller, Matthew

    2006-01-01

    Osnabrückis tehtud intervjuu inglise kunstniku Matthew Fulleriga, kes koos Simon Pope'i ja Colin Greeniga asutasid 1994. a. Londonis kunstnikegrupi I/O/D. I/O/D-i Interneti-sirvijast Webstalker (1997)

  11. Vsjo na prodazhu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Eminemi eksabikaasa peab ilmuma kohtusse. J. Timberlake on aasta mees. F. Kirkorov ja Diskomafija toetasid prostitutsiooni legaliseerimist. Vale-Zemfira esines Kasastanis. A. Pugatshoval uus sait internetis. Perekond Gazmanovid ootavad last

  12. Mainekas teadlane soovitab Eestil enam väliskapitali ligi meelitada / Simon Jones ; interv. Aleksei Günter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jones, Simon

    2005-01-01

    Pärnus telekommunikatsiooni- ja infofoorumil viibiv innovatsiooniekspert vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema hinnangut Eesti teadus- ja arendustegevusele, tehnoloogia kasutamist sotsiaalprobleemide lahendamisel ning Eesti varustamist tasuta internetiühendusega. Lisa: Simon Jones

  13. Rahvusraamatukogu uudised / Giina Kaskla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaskla, Giina

    1998-01-01

    Rahvusraamatukogu parlamendiinfo keskuses koostatavatest uudiskirjanduse nimestikest internetis. Arvustus: The Baltic States at Historical Crossroads: Political, economic and legal problems in the context of international cooperation on the doorstep of the 21st century. Riga, 1998

  14. Arabella, küberröövli tütar / Märt Milter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milter, Märt

    2005-01-01

    Filmipiraatlus internetis : filmid enne esilinastust saadaval. Kuidas see toimib USA-s ja meil, mis ette võtta? Lisatud kommentaarid Business Software Alliance'i Eesti tegevuse koordinaatorilt Erik Mandrelt

  15. Eesti Statoil seljatas emaettevõtte WiFiga / Annika Matson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matson, Annika, 1976-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti teenindusjaamades pakutakse alates suvest tasuta traadita internetiühendust WiFi, Skandinaavimaades on WiFi alles paigutamisel. Lõpuks kasumis: tabelid ja diagrammid. Vt. samas: Statoili arengut pärsib maardlate ammendumine

  16. Sardiinia kirjandus kui hea idee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Toimetuse artikkel Elsbeth Gut Bozzetti artikli "Vana maailm ja uus laine" (Alte Welt und neue Welle. - Neue Zürcher Zeitung 16.12. 2006) ning internetis avaldatud materjali põhjal. Gavino Ledda, Salvatore Satta, Salvatore Niffoi jt.

  17. Otsige naist : vana trikk valimiskampaanias / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2004-01-01

    Suurlehed Washington Post ja New York Times pole käsitlenud presidendikandidaadiks pürgiva John Kerry salasuhte teemat, mida levitati Internetis. Bill Clintoniga seotud skandaalist tema valimiskampaania ajal. Lisa: Presidendid ja nende naised

  18. Silmaklapid julgeoleku tagatis? / Ivar Tallo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tallo, Ivar, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Riigikogus lugemisel olevast avaliku teabe seaduse eelnõust, milles nähakse ette võimalus, et internetis veebilehtedel olevaid andmeid riigiasutuste kohta võib riigi julgeoleku huvides hakata varjama

  19. Internet-marketing v mezhdunarodnoi torgovle i na transporte = Internet marketing in the international trade and transport international transport corridors / Vladimir Zaitsev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zaitsev, Vladimir

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne 3.-4. detsembrini 2003 Tallinnas toimunud rahvusvahelisel konverents-näitusel "Logistics and transport in international trade" käsitleb Interneti rolli ja võimalusi rahvusvaheliste transporditeenuste turunduses

  20. Kultuurikatel või Linnateater - meer laseb rahasüsti saaja rahval valida / Kertu Kalmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmus, Kertu

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna linnapea Edgar Savisaar algatas internetis allkirjade kogumise aktsiooni, mille tulemuse põhjal otsustatakse järgmise aasta linnaeelarve panus Linnateatri või Kultuurikatla valmimisse aastal 2011

  1. Internetiteenuse pakkujate vastutuse välistamisest autoriõiguse rikkumistes : [magistritöö] / Erik Mandre ; Akadeemia Nord, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Tanel Kalmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mandre, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Internet ja failivahetuskeskkonnad ning internetiteenuste pakkujate õiguslik staatus, vastutus, autoriõiguse kaitse internetis, internetiteenuste pakkujate vastutuse välistamise õiguslik regulatsioon Ameerika Ühendriikides ja Eestis

  2. Kein Vorrang des Bankgeheimnisses vor Schutz des geistigen Eigentums – „Heißes Wasser“ für Verletzer / Christian Czychowski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Czychowski, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Euroopa Kohtu lahendist (C - 580/13), milles krediidiasutus tuginedes pangasaladusele, keeldub esitamast teavet, mis on vajalik tsiviilkohtumenetluse algatamiseks isiku vastu, kes Internetis pakub müügiks võltsitud kaupa. Lahend lk. 747-749

  3. Eestlaste loodud internetitelefon Skype - millest sa ometi elad? / Mikk Salu, Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Autorid uurivad, kust Skype raha saab. Lisad: Rupert Murdochi lapsed põgenevad isa firmast; Skype on internetitelefon; Internetiäri neli suurt üksteise marjamaal. Tabel: Nelja suure 2004. aasta tulemused

  4. Name and shame in new regime / Fredrik Davidsson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidsson, Fredrik

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjon on algatanud kampaania, mille kohaselt peetakse internetis nimekirja laevandusettevõtetest, kes ei täida ohutusnõudeid. Euroopa Komisjoni transpordivolinik Siim Kallas uuest eeskirjast

  5. CybermarketingInEstonia.ee / interv. Oksana Kostina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Vestlusringis reklaamist ja turundusest Internetis osalesid Sten Klemm, Mihkel Vabrit, Esme Kassak, Aivar Laan, Andrei Korobeinik, Üllar Tamm, Raiko Raie, Martin Orav, Priit A. Heinsalu ja Allan Sombri

  6. Kuidas levib traadita internet Eestis / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Traadita internet katab eksperdi arvates aastaks 2012 tervet Eestit, samas ei jõuta kindlasti veel keskmise lauaarvuti ühenduskiiruseni. Vt. samas: Traadita interneti kvaliteet; Traadita internetilahenduste võrdlus

  7. From yesterday till tomorrow / Riina Reinvelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinvelt, Riina

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Rahva Muuseumi peamised kogumissuunad 2000-te algul: argielu strateegiad Nõukogude Eestis, eestivenelaste ja vanausuliste subkultuurid Ida-Virumaal ja Peipsi järve piirkonnas, traditsioonilised töövõtted internetis, Karula Rahvuspargi pärandkultuur

  8. Trükieelse ajajärgu online-haridus / Andrei Babitski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Babitski, Andrei

    2012-01-01

    Autori arvates ei asenda Internetis tuimalt ette kantud loengud kõrgetasemelisi ja huvitavalt esitatud ülikooliloenguid, mistõttu pole online-haridus oma olemuselt mitte innovatsioon vaid hoopis tagasiminek kirjasõnaeelsesse aega

  9. Estonian Airi uued soodsad pakkumised

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Estonian Airi kodulehelt on võimalik osta lennupileteid koostööpartnerite poolt pakutavatele mandritevahelistele lendudele ning broneerida internetis hotellituba Euroopa suurima hotelli broneerimise teenust pakkuva ettevõtte Booking.com kaudu

  10. Heath Bunting / Heath Bunting ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bunting, Heath

    2006-01-01

    Inglise kunstnikust Heath Bunting'ust (sünd. 1966) ja tema loomingust, intervjuu kunstnikuga 19. VI 1997 Kasselis. H. Bunting tegelemisest grafitiga, oma Interneti-projektist "A visitor's guide to London", võrguprojektidest ja muust

  11. Fake News und Cyber Mobbing – Zur internationalen Zuständigkeit bei Persönlichkeitsrechtsverletzungen / Ivo Bach

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bach, Ivo

    2018-01-01

    Internetis/veebisaidis avaldatud teabega seotud kohtuasjadest, ka Eesti kohtutes arutlusel olnud kohtuasjast Bolagsupplysningen OÜ hagi Svensk Handel AB vastu ebaõigete andmete ümberlükkamiseks, kommentaare eemaldama kohustamiseks ja varalise kahju väljamõistmiseks

  12. Estonian Air valmistub odavate piletitega EasyJeti tulekuks / Erkki Erilaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erilaid, Erkki

    2004-01-01

    Estonian Air pidi langetama piletihindu Berliini ja Londoni liinil kolmandiku võrra, kuna oktoobri lõpust hakkab Tallinna lennujaamast reise tegema uus odavlennufirma Easy-Jet. Lisa: Estonian Airi hinnad internetis

  13. Puustusmaa film jõudis esilinastuspäeval internetti / Dannar Leitmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leitmaa, Dannar, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti autoriõiguste kaitseorganisatsiooni direktor Erik Mandre internetipiraatlusest ebaseadusliku filmide allalaadimise näol. A. Puustusmaa "18-14" levis internetis Elioni ftp-serverist juba Eesti esilinastuse päeval

  14. Intel Corporation osaleb Eesti koolitusprogrammis / Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurak, Raivo, 1949-

    2001-01-01

    Haridusministeeriumis tutvustati infotehnoloogiaalast koolitusprogrammi, milles osaleb maailma suuremaid arvutifirmasid Intel Corporation. Koolituskursuse käigus õpetatakse aineõpetajaid oma ainetundides interneti võimalusi kasutama. 50-tunnised kursused viiakse läbi kõigis maakondades

  15. Eesti suursaadik Moskvas : "Okupatsiooni eest vastutab režiim" / Marina Kaljurand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljurand, Marina, 1962-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 31. jaan. 2007, lk. 2. Eesti Vabariigi erakorraline ja täievoliline suursaadik Vene Föderatsioonis Marina Kaljurand andis Venemaa Interneti-väljaandele Expert.ru online-intervjuu

  16. Üks aadressimärkmik kõige jaoks / Adam Tanner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanner, Adam

    2013-01-01

    Bart Lorang soovib luua täiuslikku iseuuenevat aadressimärkmikku. Esialgses versioonis on juba 300 miljonit nime Internetis kättesaadavatest avalikest andmetest olemas, kuid andmekaitseeksperdid kahtlevad selle äri seaduslikkuses

  17. Digitelevisiooni menu kasvab pööraselt / Andrus Karnau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karnau, Andrus

    2006-01-01

    Digitelevisiooni võib nautida praegu kolmel moel. Esiteks ostes Elionilt või Starmanilt digiteenuse koos interneti ühendusega. Teisks võib koju tuua satelliditaldriku ja kolmandaks Põhja-Eestis püüda Soome digisignaali

  18. Pan-Baltic airline talks again on the table

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Baltimaad võivad luua ühise lennukompanii. Läti kommunikatsiooniministri Kaspars Gerhardsi, Leedu transpordiministri Eligijus Masiulise ja Eesti majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministri Juhan Partsi arvamused. AirBaltic plaanib luua interneti-reisibürood

  19. Das Strafrecht im Fokus der Commission nationale consultative des droits de l’homme / Hervé Henrion-Stoffel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Henrion-Stoffel, Hervé

    2015-01-01

    Riikliku inimõiguste nõuandekomisjonist (CNCDH) kui institutsioonist ja selle seisukohtadest karistusõiguslikel teemadel (terrorismivastane võitlus, vihakuritegevus Internetis, karistuse individualiseerimine ja korduvkuritegude vältimine)

  20. Uus kord tõi nurina / Jaana Pikalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikalev, Jaana

    2010-01-01

    IT-eksperdid Tõnu Samuel ja Jaan Jänesmäe peavad domeenireformi läbikukkunuks ning on koostanud avaliku kirja, milles kritiseerivad Eesti Interneti Sihtasutuse juhte Marek-Andres Kautsi ja Jaak Lippmaad

  1. Mõ s Masjanei poka odinoki... / Oleg Kuvajev ; interv. Ruslan Kravtsov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuvajev, Oleg

    2003-01-01

    Peterburi disaineri Oleg Kuvajevi joonistatud interneti-multifilmi kangelane Masjanja on Venemaal erakordselt populaarne. Masjanja seiklused on jõudnud ka teleri ekraanile NTV ja sellega seotud kaabel- ja satelliitkanalitel

  2. Netiajastu teeb autokraadid leidlikuks / Kalmo Hent

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmo, Hent, 1979-

    2010-01-01

    Riiklike huvide kaitsmiseks ja saavutamiseks on nii Hiina kui Venemaa asunud internetis looma oma inforuumi ning kehtestama internetitsensuuri, mis võimaldab mõjutada ja kontrollida sündmuste kajastamist

  3. Jõgeva maakonda toob traadita raadionetiühenduse Tartu firma / Madis Aesma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aesma, Madis

    2006-01-01

    Külatee 3 programmi maapiirkondade internetivõrguga katmise hanke Jõgevamaa osas võitnud Tartu firma Kernel hakkab Jõgevamaal sellest suvest pakkuma ülikõrgsagedusliku raadioside teel levivat internetiühendust

  4. Maanoored peibutavad vanemaid internetti / Nils Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niitra, Nils, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Internetifirma Kernel tegevjuhi Raivo Laatsi hinnangul soovivad internetiühendust eelkõige pere nooremad liikmed, Tartumaal kiiret sideteenust pakkuv ettevõte on kolme aastaga viinud selle mitmesaja maapereni

  5. Elektroonilise informatsiooni kasutamisest / Sirje Virkus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virkus, Sirje, 1956-

    1998-01-01

    Artiklis on toodud uuringud elektroonilise informatsiooni kasutamisest ja 1994. a. TPÜ infoteaduste õppetooli poolt läbi viidud küsitlus Interneti kasutamisest Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli raamatukogus

  6. Rasa Smite ja Raitis Smits (E-LAB) / Rasa Smite, Raitis Smits ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smite, Rasa

    2006-01-01

    Läti kunstnikest Rasa Smitest (sünd. 1969) ja Raitis Smitsist (sünd. 1966), nende loomingust, vestlus kunstnikega 2000. a. Amsterdamis. 1996. a. E-LAB-i rajanud kunstnikud toodavad Internetis heliteoseid. Koos Janis Garancsiga asutasid 1997. a. võrguaudio loojate jaoks meililoendi xchange. Nende võrguaudioprogrammi "Ozone" saadetakse Riiast Interneti kaudu eetrisse üle terve maailma. Annavad välja ajakirja "Acoustic.Space"

  7. Briti teadlane: kübersõda ei tule / Thomas Rid ; intervjueerinud Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rid, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Sõjauuringute õppejõud Thomas Rid leiab, et internetis on palju ohte, kuid kübersõda ei ole üks neist. Ridi arvates on äärmiselt ebatõenäoline, et NATO käivitaks kunagi küberrünnaku tõttu 5. artikli. Interneti kõige suuremaks ohustajaks pole NSA, vaid vabadust piirata soovivad autoritaarsed riigid

  8. 76 FR 16819 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Consortium for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-25

    ..., Chester Township, PA; Consortium for Education, Research and Technology of North Louisiana (CERT... commercialized. Additional information concerning the CEED can be obtained from Mr. Darold L. Griffin, Executive...

  9. Understand the Big Picture So You Can Plan for Network Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cervone, Frank

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses network security for libraries. It indicates that there were only six exploit (security exposure) problems, worldwide, reported to the CERT Coordination Center back in 1988. In that year, the CERT had just been established to provide a clearinghouse for exchanging information about network security problems. By 2003, the…

  10. Ettevaatust, pankur ettevõtte nõukogus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Finansovõi Menedzhment : infovõpusk nr. 4 mai lk. 9. A. Burak Güner'i ja Ulrike Malmendier'i uurimusest "The impact of boards with financial expertise on corporate policies" selgub, et ettevõtte nõukogusse valitud kommertspankurid mõjutavad firmasid võtma laenu siis, kui kreeditor saab sellest rohkem kasu kui ettevõtte omanikud. Investeerimispankuritel on kalduvus vastu aktsionäride huve üle investeerida ning muude finantsekspertide kuulumine nõukokku suurendab tippjuhtide optsioonipakette

  11. Suudab ta pensionäre toita? / Merike Lees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lees, Merike, 1976-

    2000-01-01

    Kuna Eesti rahvastiku vananemine suurendab ülalpeetavate hulka ühiskonnas, siis ei saa praegust solidaarsuspõhimõttel rajanevat pensionisüsteemi enam kasutada, vaid tuleb pensionisüsteemi muuta. Pensionisüsteemi koormusest ja kohustuslikust kogumispensionist. Diagrammid: Eesti rahvaarv 1999-2050; rahvastikupüramiid 1997, 2025 ja 2050; kaua saavad/said mehed ja naised pensionipõlve nautida 1960-2010; vajaliku sotsiaalmaksu % palgast 2000-2070; keskmise pensioni ja brutopalga suhe 1965-2000; vanurite osatähtsus 1881-2030; keskmine eluiga 1950-2050. Kommenteerivad E. Nestor, K. Katus, L. Sakkeus

  12. Constitutional Law--State Action--Charitable Foundations--Racial Discrimination--Tax Exemption May be State Action under Civil Rights Act.--Jackson v. Statler Foundation, 496 F.2d 623 (2nd Cir. 1974), cert. denied, 43 U.S.L.W. 3452 (U.S. Feb. 14, 1975)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Sara Straight

    1975-01-01

    The author argues that if the positive values which private foundations can provide are to continue, the finding of state action in the granting of tax exemptions to private foundations cannot be permitted to stand. Other existing methods for disallowing tax exemptions for foundations dedicated to invidiously discriminatory practices are…

  13. Infoteeninduse sümpoosion Budapestis / Sirje Virkus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virkus, Sirje, 1956-

    1995-01-01

    16.-18. jaanuaril '95. toimus Budapestis kolmas rahvusvaheline BOBCATSSS-i (Euroopa juhtivate raamatukogu- ja infoteaduse õppeasutuste ühendus) sümpoosion "Marketing & Developing (New) Information Products & Services in Europe". Püüti leida vastust küsimusele, kuidas raamatukoguhoidjad tulevad toime infotehnoloogia põhjustatud muutuste protsessis. Käsitleti uusi infotooteid- ja teenuseid ning marketingi alaseid uuringuid Euroopas. Sirje Virkus Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikoolist esines ettekandega, milles tutvustas Interneti kasutamist akadeemilises keskkonnas.Ettekanne käsitles TPÜ Raamatukogu Interneti kasutajaid ja nende oskust leida elektroonilist infot

  14. Complement activation by ceramide transporter proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bode, Gerard H; Losen, Mario; Buurman, Wim A; Veerhuis, Robert; Molenaar, Peter C; Steinbusch, Harry W M; De Baets, Marc H; Daha, Mohamed R; Martinez-Martinez, Pilar

    2014-02-01

    C1q is the initiator of the classical complement pathway and, as such, is essential for efficient opsonization and clearance of pathogens, altered self-structures, and apoptotic cells. The ceramide transporter protein (CERT) and its longer splicing isoform CERTL are known to interact with extracellular matrix components, such as type IV collagen, and with the innate immune protein serum amyloid P. In this article, we report a novel function of CERT in the innate immune response. Both CERT isoforms, when immobilized, were found to bind the globular head region of C1q and to initiate the classical complement pathway, leading to activation of C4 and C3, as well as generation of the membrane attack complex C5b-9. In addition, C1q was shown to bind to endogenous CERTL on the surface of apoptotic cells. These results demonstrate the role of CERTs in innate immunity, especially in the clearance of apoptotic cells.

  15. A Formal Language for Cryptographic Protocol Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    L;KAB; AgKBS ; fA; TAgKAB (4) B sends to A: fTA + 1gKAB Here A and B are two principals. By sending the rst message, A requests of the...A: CertB; fAKBgKA ; algchoiceB; fmd (fAKBgKA ; algchoiceB ; NA; alglistA)gK1 B (3) A sends to B: fAKAgKB ; fmd (fAKAgKB ; fAKBgKA)gK1 A CertX is a...alglistA 3. B sends to C: CertB ; fAKBgKC ; algchoiceB; fmd (fAKBgKC ; algchoiceB ; NA; alglistA)gK1 B (intercepted by I) 4. IB sends to A : CertB

  16. 77 FR 38306 - GFIRST Conference Stakeholder Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ...), National Cyber Security Division (NCSD), United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) will... of Homeland Security, National Protection and Programs Directorate, Office of Cybersecurity and... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY [Docket No. DHS-2011-0116] GFIRST Conference Stakeholder...

  17. Heiko Idensen / Heiko Idensen ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Idensen, Heiko

    2006-01-01

    1997. a. Osnabrückis tehtud intervjuu 1956. a. Hannoveris sündinud ning elava kirjaniku ja kunstniku Heiko Idenseniga, kes korraldab alates 1980-ndate lõpust arvuti vahendusel kirjutamis- ja kunstiprojekte. H. Idensen oma kirjanduslikest eksperimentidest arvutite, Interneti ja hüpertekstiga

  18. Küberkaitse uus käsitlus / Kenneth Geers

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Geers, Kenneth

    2008-01-01

    Sõda küberruumis on suur ohuallikas, sest küberründajatele tagab anonüümsuse interneti labürindisarnane ja keerukas struktuur ning tänapäeva valitsused seisavad silmitsi võimalusega jääda küberkonfliktis kaotajaks ilma oma vastase identiteeti teada saamata

  19. GLOBE-koolide õpilased assisteerivad NASA teadlasi / Imbi Henno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Henno, Imbi

    2004-01-01

    GLOBE (Global Learning and Observations to Benefit Environment) on õpilastele suunatud uurimuslikku ja praktilist tegevust pakkuv haridus- ja teadusprogramm. Õpilased teevad keskkonnavaatlusi ja mõõtmisi, saadavad oma tulemused interneti kaudu GLOBE'i andmebaasi ja kasutavad andmebaase koolitöös. Suvel toimus USA-s Boulderis GLOBE'i 10. tegevusaastale pühendatud konverents

  20. Internetireklaami odavast hinnast saab varsti ajalugu / Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zirnask, Villu, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    Delfi juhatuse esimehe Ville Jehe hinnangul toimub internetireklaami hinna tõus - umbes 20% aastas - vähemalt seni, kuni see on jõudnud telereklaami hinnaga lähedasele tasemele. Ühispanga turustusosakonna asedirektor Merike Kukk, online-reisibüroo bookinghouse.net turundusjuht Jane Ild interneti- ja telereklaami kasutamisest. Lisad. Diagrammid

  1. Välismaalasest majandusprofessori pilguheit Eestile / Douglas K. Peterson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peterson, Douglas K.

    2006-01-01

    Eesti kiirelt arenevatest valdkondadest nagu turism, laevandus, IT- ja interneti-põhised teenused. Autor näeb ka ohte Eesti näiliselt silmipimestava majandusime jätkumisele: konkurents turismiturul, infrastruktuuride arengu aeglustumine, ühiskonna killustumine

  2. Tee teistele head, kuid tee seda hästi / Jeff Skoll ; interv. Des Dearlove

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Skoll, Jeff

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Karjera i obutshenije, 18. aug. 2004, lk. 6-7. Ameerika interneti-oksjonifirma eBay rajaja Jeff Skoll selgitab oma ettevõtte näitel sotsiaalse ettevõtluse olemust ning prognoosib selle populaarsuse kasvu tulevikus

  3. 432 püksipaari Riia kongresside palee fassaadil / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Filmifestivalil "Arsenals" sai parima režissööri kujukese Mait Laas nukufilmi "Teekond Nirvaanasse" eest, teise koha preemia Valentin Kuigi mängufilm "Lurjus" ja Riho Undi nukufilm "Saamuel internetis". Peaauhinna andis loos shoti naisrežissööri Lynne Ramsay mängufilmile "Rotipüüdja" ("Ratcatcher")

  4. Euroopa kaotab positsioone / Thierry Chervel ; tõlk. Ann Must

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Chervel, Thierry

    2005-01-01

    Mitmed Prantsusmaa ja Saksamaa ajakirjandusväljaanded ei avalda oma artikleid Internetis, samas kui Ameerika ning Suurbritannia ajalehed on võrgus kättesaadavad. Autori arvates aitab see kaasa inglise keele domineerimisele. Ettekanne Euroopa kultuuriajakirjade 17. kohtumisel "Kirjasõna vabariik? Kultuuriajakirjad Euroopa avalikus sfääris" Tallinnas 15. mail 2004. aastal

  5. Küberkuriteod - kuritegevuse uus pale / Kadri Põldaru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põldaru, Kadri

    2007-01-01

    Seoses Interneti levikuga on maailmas suurenenud küberkuritegevus ja selle organiseeritud vormid. Kommenteerivad: Toomas Vaks. Pangad ja küberkuritegevus; Rica Semjonova. Mis juhtub, kui ekraanile astuvad kübervõitlejad? Lisa: Soovitused elementaarse e-turvalisuse parandamiseks. Vt. samas: Uurijate visadus toob ka küberpetturid kohtu ette

  6. 18. XII kell 12 kaitstakse EKA E-meedia keskuses 4 magistritööd...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Kristel Sibul "Kehatud kehad - kehad ja identiteet internetis" (juh. Katrin Kivimaa), Ivika Kivi "Virtuaalsed õpitarkvarad" (juh. Mare Emmott Tralla), Maris Lindoja "Digitaalne ruum" (juh. Andres Kurg), Raul Keller "Corporate Consulting in the Digital Age - Jamming vith the Culture" (juh. Richard Barbrook)

  7. Estonians in cyberspace / Pille Runnel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Runnel, Pille, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Autor teeb ülevaate 2002. aastal Tartu Ülikooli ajakirjanduse ja kommunikatsiooni osakonnas läbi viidud meedia tarbimise uuringu tulemustest, analüüsib Interneti kasutamise, mittekasutamise ning tekkinud digilõhe võimalikke põhjuseid. Diagrammid

  8. Saaremaal valmib terasmehe häll / Aivo Vahemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahemets, Aivo

    2005-01-01

    Eesti ettevõttes Michelle OÜ kaubamärgi all Inox Disain Lab toodetakse roostevabast terasest konstruktsiooniga voodeid. Ettevõtet juhib Jaak Kangro. Voodinäidised on Tallinnas Pärnu mnt. 22 ateljees või interneti koduleheküljel www.inox.ee

  9. Milline on teie rahapõletamise tempo? / Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokk, Aavo, 1964-

    2005-01-01

    Kaupade hinnad langevad Internetis hoopis vähem, kui need muidu oleksid langenud, sest hindu võrdlevad peale ostjate ka müüjad, ning edukalt müüb see firma, kes suudab mingil viisil teistest erineda

  10. Ettevaatust, internetikasiino! / Kerli Nõu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõu, Kerli

    2004-01-01

    Interneti-kasiinoäriga tegelev World Games Inc. on jõudnud ka Eestisse. Firma paneb mängijate leidmiseks inimesed endale oma mängijate võrku looma, mida rohkem inimesi võrku kaasatakse, seda tulusamaks muutub äri kaasaja jaoks. Lisad: Tulukroonid; WGI äri ulatub otsapidi teemandi- ja kullakaevandamisse

  11. Nobeli rahupreemia favoriidiks püütakse suruda Al Goreþi / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2007-01-01

    USA endise asepresidendi Al Goreþi valimise nimel järgmiseks Nobeli rahupreemia laureaadiks tehakse aktiivset lobitööd. Norra Nobeli instituudi direktori Geir Lundestadi hinnangul võib lobitöö anda aga hoopis tagasilöögi. Internetis väljapakutud kandidaatidest

  12. [Grand gathering held in Beijing to mark 4th world conference on women

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel külastas Hiinas Ülemaailmse Naiste Kongressi kümnenda sünnipäeva mälestuskonverentsi, kus arutati sugudevahelist võrdsust. Internetis ka lehe ingliskeelne versioon. Riigivisiit Hiina Rahvavabariiki 23.-30.08.2005

  13. Tähtaktsiad : väärtpaberid, mille ostmine võib rikkuse õuele tuua / Arko Kadajne, Oliver Peek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kadajne, Arko

    2005-01-01

    LHV investeerimisspetsialistid tutvustavad Interneti teel ravimeid müüvat firmat Drugstore.com ja Rootsi-Taani päritolu vooditootjat Tempur-Pedic ning selgitavad, miks nende ettevõtete aktsiaid on kasulik osta. Graafikud: Drugstore.com Inc; Tempur-Pedic

  14. Kirjastamine 21. sajandil - trüki oma raamat ise / Rivo Sarapik, Andres Kütt, Stanislav Sinyagin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarapik, Rivo, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Väikesetiraa̓iliste trükiste kirjastamise etappidest ja soovitusi trükifirmade valikul internetis ning erinevate inimeste kogemusi fotoraamatu või fotoajakirja trükkimisel, kasutades Blurb.com või Lulu.com teenust. Kuni väljatrükini on teenus valdavalt tasuta

  15. U2 laulusõnade tundmine lennutab Hawaile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Iiri bänd U2 algatas oma uue albumi "U2 18 Singles väljatuleku puhul internetis võistluse "Hunt The Lyric", kus fännidel on võimalus võita reis Hawaile (reisi paketis ka U2 "Vertigo" tuuri kontsert 9. dets.)

  16. Requisite competencies of the e-leader / Ruth Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Ruth, 1960-2018

    2001-01-01

    Kaanel ajak. ilmumisaeg Winter 2001/2002. Interneti-ajastu juhid peavad ära kasutama töötajate kompetentsi ja oskusi, ettevõtluses on määrav kiirus, tarbijakesksus, avatus, oskus koostööd teha

  17. Wikipedia : sama täpne kui päris teatmeteos / Aivar Õepa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õepa, Aivar, 1967-

    2005-01-01

    2001. aastal asutatud Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org) on vabatahtlike tööl põhinev interneti-teatmeteos. Wikipediat ja Encyclopedia Britannicat võrrelnud teadlased leidsid, et veebientsüklopeedia ei jää täpsuses EB-le alla

  18. Rünnak vaatemängu ajastule / Katrin Kivimaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimaa, Katrin, 1969-

    2000-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline videokunsti ja uue meedia festival "Video Positive 2000" Liverpoolis üldteemal "The Other Side of Zero". Kontseptsiooni autor Steven Bode. Pikemalt sotsiaalsetest projektidest Internetis ja Iliyana Nedkova kureeritud näitusest "Spacecraft", kus oli väljas ka Mare Tralla töö "silm-vaatlusõhupall"

  19. PR 2.0 müsteeriumid / Jaan Vare

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vare, Jaan, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    PR 2.0 ehk avalike suhete uus põlvkond kasutab rohkem uusi võimalusi, viies interneti ja sealsete kommuunide kaudu omavahel kokku turu eri segmendid ning ühendades tarbijaid tootjaga. Üheks uueks firma häälekandjaks veebis võib olla ka blogimine

  20. PRIX EUROPA / J. R.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    J. R.

    2006-01-01

    Tänavusel televisiooni, interneti ja raadiotööde festivalil pääses finaali 241 tööd. Nende hulgas oli ka kolm Eestist : dokumentaalfilm Rein Kotovilt "6 tundi", Tarmo Tiisleri raadiolugu "Kuidas eestlane kükitab?" ja Raadioteatri kuuldemäng Jaan Tätte, Andres Noormetsa "Palju õnne argipäevaks!"

  1. Eesti Televisioon osales Prix Europa festivalil / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2005-01-01

    Tänavusel televisiooni, interneti ja raadiotööde festivalil kandideerinud 630 töö hulgast pääses finaali 276. Nende hulgas oli ka kolm Eesti filmi : Ilmar Raagi "August 1991", Priit Valkna "Kaetajad" ja Heilika Võsu 1,5-minutiline "Missing my Europe"

  2. Living.ee : mööblimüük kolib internetti / Kerli Nõu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõu, Kerli

    2006-01-01

    Internetis mööblit müüv Living.ee kavatseb 2008. aastaks saada müügimahu poolest sama suureks kui Mööblimaja või Aatrium, plaanis on müüa mööblit hulgi ka Skandinaavias. Tabel: OÜ Lagersen (Living.ee). Kommenteerib Arno Kütt

  3. Võrguäri Eestis kiratseb / Indrek Kald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kald, Indrek, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Autor otsib põhjusi, miks tänavuse Interneti-kaupluste edetabeli koostamiseks saatis oma äritulemused vaid viis võrgukauplust. Zebra Infosüsteemide tegevjuhi Peeter Tamme arvamus e-äri kiratsemise põhjuste kohta

  4. "Eesti majandusel pole häda midagi!" / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2008-01-01

    Riskikapitalist Steve Jürvetson ei tunne muret Eesti majanduskasvu pidurdumise pärast, tagasilöögid kiire majanduskasvu järel on tema sõnul loomulikud. Eestis tunneb ta huvi mõne uue interneti-, samuti nano- ja geenitehnoloogiafirma vastu, oma parimateks investeeringuteks peab ta Hotmaili ja Skype'i. Lisa: Jürvetson rahastas "Laulvat revolutsiooni"

  5. Südame poolest sinimustvalge / Kristel Kossar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kossar, Kristel

    2012-01-01

    Edukatest ja andekatest noortest venelastest Eestis - jalgpallur Konstantin Vassiljev, internetiäri looja ja poliitik Andrei Korobeinik, helilooja Tatjana Kozlova, Tallinna Ülikooli Katariina kolledži direktor Dimitri Mironov, sõjaajaloolane, õpetaja ja Tallinna Ülikooli doktorant Igor Kopõtin. Nende arvamused Eestist ja venelaste osalusest Eesti ühiskonnaelus

  6. 1,65 miljardi dollari eest edevust ning näpatud saateid / Kalle Kose

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kose, Kalle

    2006-01-01

    Interneti sotsiaalvõrgustikust YouTube ja selle liitumisest Google'iga. Vt. ka: Intervjuu kasutajaga : "YouTube'i pärast on jäänud nii mõndagi tegemata." Aktsiakaupleja Oliver Peek räägib YouTube'i kasutamisest teleri asendajana. Diagramm: Videovahetuse keskkondade turuosad. Graafik: Videovahetuskeskkondade turuosa kasv USA-s

  7. Eesti üksused näitavad YouTube'is oma tegevust Afganistanis / Holger Roonemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roonemaa, Holger

    2008-01-01

    Eesti kaitseväelased Iraagis on juba üle aasta näidanud oma tegevust internetis. Vanemleitnant Ingrid Mühlingu sõnul kaitsevägi videote avalikustamises üldjuhul probleemi ei näe, kuid alati tuleb arvestada, et video avaldamisega ei seataks ohtu enda ega kaasvõitlejate elu ja tervist

  8. Pimedate netitarbimise võimalused on paranenud / Andre Allev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allev, Andre

    2016-01-01

    Artikli autori Tallinna Ülikoolis kaitstud bakalaureusetööst "Pimedate inimeste meediatarbimine internetis", mille raames tehtud uuringus selgitati, milliseid võimalusi pakuvad internet ja Web 2.0 platvormid, erinevad rakendused pimedatele ning milliseid vahendeid kasutatakse argipäevaste toimingute juures

  9. Mõjukas Prantsuse leht imetles Eesti IT-edu / Margo Pajuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajuste, Margo

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 30. jaan. lk. 4. Mõjukas Prantsuse majanduslehes La Tribune ilmus kaks artiklit, milles tunnustatakse Eesti infotehnoloogilist arengut, loetletud olid mitmed tuntud eduprojektid - e-valitsus, interneti teel hääletamine, Hotmail ja Skype

  10. Public officials exposed in the Matrix

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Tundmatu arvutihäkker hüüdnimega Neo varastas Läti maksuametist andmeid avaliku sektori töötajate palkade kohta ning avaldas need suhtluskeskkonnas Twitter. See on Läti ühiskonnas tekitanud arutelu nii interneti turvalisuse kui palkade suuruse üle majanduskriisi tingimustes

  11. Kunst elada piiri peal / Eric Kluitenberg ; interv. Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kluitenberg, Eric

    1999-01-01

    Võrguteoreetik Eric Kluitenberg Amsterdamist valgustab 'Interstanding 3' 'Ülalpool piire' tagamaad ja seost Eestiga. Üritus toob Eestisse rahvusvahelisi tippteoreetikuid, kes analüüsivad elu piiri peal, ja kunstnikke, kes seda seisundit oma loomingus kajastavad. Osalema kutsutuid. Piiripealsuset seoses poliitika, interneti, meediaga, äärealadest.

  12. www.kellelt-mida-tellida.ee / Tarieli Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Tarieli

    2006-01-01

    Soovitusi firmade Interneti-kodulehekülgede loomiseks ja kujundamiseks jagavad ALL Web Industry OÜ tegevjuht Mihkel Vabrit, Zone Media OÜ tegevjuht Martti Varik ning Welisa OÜ tegevjuht Mattias Lepp. Lisa: Viis soovitust. Vt. ka lk. 58-59: Internet on surnud, elagu internet

  13. Norra teadlane: "Breiviki tegu on erakordne, kuid ideed mitte." / Lars Gule ; intervjueerinud Krister Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gule, Lars

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Oslo Ülikooli teaduri, äärmuslusküsimuste eksperdiga äärmuslusest Norras, debatist Anders Behring Breivikiga Internetis, Breiviki manifestist ja massimõrvast, teaduri suhtumisest islamisse ja mitmekultuurilisusesse ning tema seotusest terrorismiga 34 aastat tagasi

  14. Gilbert ja George lasevad oma kunstiteose alla laadida

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    9.05.2007 öösel on kõigil soovijail võimalik tasuta interneti vahendusel omandada Londonis tegutseva kunstnikepaari Gilbert & George (Gilbert Proesch ja George Passmore) teos "Planed". Aadressid: www.bbc.co.uk/imagine ja www.guardian.co.uk/art

  15. Veebi kasv edestab lehti / Piret Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Piret, 1983-

    2007-01-01

    Samal ajal, kui USA meediafirmad kurdavad tulu vähenemise üle, kasvas otsingumootori Google esimese kvartali kasum ligi 70%. Interneti-meedia käive kasvab jõudsalt ka Eestis. Vt. samas: Eesti veebi käibed kosuvad

  16. Kas passiivne meediatarbija või aktiivne kodanik? / Epp Lauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lauk, Epp, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    2001. a. viidi Tartu Ülikooli ajakirjanduse õppetoolis läbi küsitlus Eesti kooliõpilaste meediakasutuse (arvuti, Internet, elektroonilised vahendid) kohta. Tab.: Erinevused maa- ja linnalaste arvuti ja interneti kasutamises ; Elektrooniliste meediavahendite kättesaadavus maal ja linnas

  17. Kas internet muudab meid rumalamaks? / Liis Kängsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kängsepp, Liis, 1981-

    2012-01-01

    Raamatust: Carr, Nicholas. Triiv madalikule : mida Internet meie ajuga teeb / tõlkija Tiina Randus. Tallinn : Äripäev, 2012. (Äripäeva raamat). Ka intervjuu Tallinna Ülikooli dotsendi Kristjan Pordiga raamatus esitatud väidetest interneti mõjust inimesele

  18. Jah, internet teeb vabaks / Martin Kala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kala, Martin, 1977-

    2011-01-01

    Interneti- ja ajakirjandusvabadusest, sotsiaalmeedia tähtsusest ühiskonnas. Autori hinnagul on Facebookis, blogisfääris ja netisaitidel leviv teave vaid lisandiks traditsioonilisele vabale ja vastutustundlikule meediale. Vastukaja: Meikar, Silver. Kas Internet ikka teeb vabaks?// Postimees : AK : arvamus, kultuur (2011) 23. apr., lk. 2-3

  19. Kiire internet on arengu eeldus / Margus Püüa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Püüa, Margus

    2010-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi ja telekomiettevõtete algatatud uue põlvkonna internetiühenduse arendamise projektist EstWin. Eesti Lairiba Arenduse sihtasutus on käesoleval aastal korraldanud esimesed projektiks vajalikud projekteerimis- ja ehitushanked. Kiire andmesidevõrgu eelistest

  20. Prii internet pakub lisaväärtust / Kristjan Otsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Otsmann, Kristjan, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    Tasuta internetiühendusest erinevates avalikes kohtades, mis paljude ettevõtete juhtide arvates annab kohale lisaväärtust. Lisa: Korduma kippuvad küsimused. Vt. samas: Eesti härra WiFi; Mobiil-internet on kallis ja aeglane

  1. Ekspert välistab Estonia lepingust taganemise / Aivar Pau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pau, Aivar

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli rahvusvahelise õiguse õppetooli hoidja Lauri Mälksoo peab mõeldamatuks Eesti ühepoolset otsust loobuda riikidevahelisest hauarahulepingust ja tõsta Estonia vrakk merepõhjast üles. Riigikogu erikomisjoni esimees Margus Leivo on algatanud Estonia vraki ülestõstmiseks internetis allkirjade kogumise kampaania

  2. The police hack back: legitimacy, necessity and privacy implications of the next step in fighting cybercrime / R.L.D. Pool, B.H.M. Custers

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pool, R.L.D.

    2017-01-01

    Politsei võimaluste suurendamisest võitluses küberkuritegevusega. Saksamaa seaduseelnõust, mis võimaldab uurida kuritegevust internetis, eelnõu taustast ja sellest tulenevast võimalikust elanike privaatsuse ja teiste põhiõiguste riivest

  3. Püsiühenduste arv kasvas aastaga poole võrra / Tõnu Vare

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vare, Tõnu, 1947-

    2005-01-01

    Uuringufirma Point Topic andmetel oli 30. septembri 2004. a. seisuga Interneti püsiühenduste arv maailmas 136,4 miljonit. Diagrammid: Püsiühendustega leibkondade osakaal (%) Euroopas; 512 Kb/s allalaadimiskiirusega püsiühenduse kuutasu (eurodes)

  4. Kes nad on? Mida nad tahavad? Ekspress näitab, kuidas tekkis noorte venelaste liikumine pronkssõduri kaitseks / Viktoria Ladõnskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ladõnskaja, Viktoria, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Tõnismäe Pronkssõduri kaitseks interneti teel ellu kutsutud vene noorte ühendus Notshnoi dozor - Öine vahtkond. Lisa: Väljavõtteid Notshnoi Dozori avalikust pöördumisest. Vt ka: Argo Ideon, Tarmo Vahter. Mis nüüd saab?

  5. Põlisrahvaste deklaratsioon / Helen Arusoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arusoo, Helen, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    Urmas Sisask kuulutas Tuhala Nõiakaevu kaitseks välja Tuhala ja Nabala karstialadel rahvusvahelise tähtsusega looduskaitsealaks toetudes internetis kogutud 60 000 toetusallkirjale ja 2007. aastal Eesti poolt allkirjastatud ÜRO põlisrahvaste õiguste deklaratsioonile web-static.vm.ee/static/failid/298/Polisrahvaste_deklaratsioon_EST.pdf

  6. Orienteerumiskevad Ameerikas : Jooksmas 1993. aasta USA MM-i maastikel New Yorgi külje all / Margus Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallik, Margus, 1978-

    2011-01-01

    USA West Pointi Sõjaväeakadeemias 2008. aastal 29. korda korraldatud orienteerumisvõistlusest "West Point Orienteering Meet". Väljavõte Margus Halliku 2008. aasta Ameerika orienteerumiskevade võistluskirjeldusest, mida saab lugeda internetis aadressil http://orienteerumine.ee/ajakiri/ajakiri_22_veebi.pdf

  7. Interaktiivne võrguõpik "Võnkumised ja lained" / Ly Sõõrd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sõõrd, Ly

    2000-01-01

    Interaktiivne võrguõpik "Võnkumised ja lained" on mõeldud gümnaasiumi 10. kl. füüsikakursuse osa "Mehaanilised võnkumised ja lained" õppimiseks iseseisvalt interneti vahendusel ning asub aadressil : http://www.physic.ut.ee/̃ly/xklass/opik.html

  8. Küberohtudest aitab üle õppimine / Birgy Lorenz ; küsitlenud Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lorenz, Birgy

    2017-01-01

    Vestlus TLÜ doktorandi ja Pelgulinna gümnaasiumi IT-arendusjuhiga tema doktoritööst, millest selgub, et õpilasi on Internetis valitsevate ohtude eest kergem kaitsta, kui võtta appi uurimuse autori väljatöötatud seitsmeastmeline mudel, millega saab täpsemalt välja selgitada õpilaste küberoskuste taseme

  9. New generation data communication is the foundation for smart ideas / Juhan Parts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    Telekomi ettevõtete ja majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeeriumi koostööprojektist, mille ülesandeks on 2015. aasta lõpuks välja arendada Eesti maapiirkondades uue põlvkonna lairibavõrgu baasinfrastruktuur, mis tagab juurdepääsu ülikiirele internetiühendusele

  10. Otsing küberruumis / Valdo Praust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Praust, Valdo

    1997-01-01

    Järgneb nr. 8, lk. 45-46, nr. 9, lk. 32-33 ; 1998 nr. 1, lk. 4-5, nr. 3, lk. 4-7, nr. 4, lk. 4-5, nr. 5, lk. 41-43, nr. 8, lk. 8-10. Info levitamine ja kättesaadavus Internetis: WWW, Usenet, anonüümne FTP, Lycos

  11. Kas e-äri võrdub pankrotiga / Priit Vaikmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaikmaa, Priit

    2001-01-01

    E-äride pankrotilaine aastal 2000. Firmadevaheline äri internetis - B2B (business-to-business). B2B ärikeskkondade kodulehekülgede aadressid. B2B ja e-äri lahenduste pakkujad Eestis. Diagramm: B2B e-kommertsi prognoositud käive 2004.a.

  12. Allkirjade alkeemiast / Maie Kiisel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiisel, Maie

    2011-01-01

    Autori arvates hakkab vanamoodsate kodanikualgatuste aeg läbi saama, tõusulainel on aga Internetis allkirjade jagamine. GMO-keelu tühistamise vastu koguti 1,2 mln. allkirja. Autor leiab, et liikmesriigid on Euroopa tasandi kodanikualgatust kartma hakanud

  13. Avatakse Eesti muusika hulgiladu / Indrek Loo ; interv. Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loo, Indrek

    2007-01-01

    Käesoleval nädalal internetis käivituvast projektist Music Online, kuhu on plaanis helifailidena kõigile huvilistele tasu eest kättesaadavaks teha kogu Eestis välja antud muusika - klassikast hip-hopini (projekti muuska-alast järelevalvet teostab Priit Pajusaar)

  14. Roi Vaara tähendussõnad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    10. II oli Tallinna Kunstihoones soome kunstniku Roi Vaara performance Tallinna Kunstihoone uue juhataja Reiu Tüüri, kuraatorite Andres Härmi ja Reet Varblase inauguratsiooni ning TK interneti lehekülje esitluse puhul. Uue ühtse nimekuju KU autorit Edith Parist autasustati 1934 krooniga

  15. "Orienteeruja" kõik seni ilmunud numbrid on digiteeritud / Eduard Pukkonen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pukkonen, Eduard, 1960-

    2013-01-01

    Ülevaade Eesti Orienteerumisliidu poolt väljaantud ajalehe ning ajakirja Orienteeruja sisust ja autoritest, aga ka väljaande täielikust digitaalkogust, mis on kättesaadav interneti aadressil http://orienteerumine.ee/ajakiri/raamatukogu

  16. Internet nagu postiteenus / Anneli Ammas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ammas, Anneli, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Meelis Atoneni sõnul peaks Interneti-teenus muutuma sarnaseks postiteenusega, millel on ühtne hind üle Eesti. Bill Gates on huvitatud Eesti ettepanekust pakkuda Eesti kodutarbijale tarkvara tervikpaketist vaid seda osa, mida tarbija tegelikult kasutab

  17. "Tulnukas" teeb jõmmist kunstiteose / Keiu Virro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virro, Keiu

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli filmi ja video õppetoolis Rasmus Merivoo lõputööna valminud filmist "Tulnukas ehk Valdise päästmine 11 osas", mis kogub internetis vaatajaid ning on muutumas kultusfilmiks. 22-minutiline lühifilm portreteerib Eestis laialt levinud subkultuuri - jõmlust ja rullnoklust

  18. Ken Goldberg / Ken Goldberg ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Goldberg, Ken

    2006-01-01

    1961. a. Jbadanis Nigeerias sündinud ja Berkeleys elavast kunstnikust Ken Goldbergist ja tema loomingust, 2000. a. tehtud meiliintervjuu kunstnikuga. Võrguinstallatsioonidest "Mercury Project", "The Robot in the Garden", "Telegarden" jt., mis tegelevad taju ja usutavusega Interneti-ajastul. Teleepistemoloogia mõistest. Ken Goldbergil on doktorikraad arvutiteaduses

  19. Kuhu on Tiiger tänaseks jõudnud? / Enel Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Enel

    2003-01-01

    Autor teeb ülevaate Tiigrihüppe programmi raames saavutatust alates 1997. aastast ja edasist arengut takistavatest teguritest, mille tõttu Tiigrihüppe Pluss programm on hakanud venima. Diagrammid: õpilaste ja arvuti suhe maakonniti 2003. a. alguses; internetiühendused Eesti koolides 2003. a. alguses; arvutite paiknemine koolis 2002. a. lõpus

  20. Visual post-folklore in post-soviet space-time / Jelena Grigorjeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grigorjeva, Jelena, 1959-

    2008-01-01

    Võrreldakse nõukogude aja kooliõpikute klassikalist kunsti käsitlevaid illustratsioone ja nende tänapäevaseid paroodiaid internetis - uuritud on, kuidas ideoloogilisi veendumusi ja totalitaarset propagandat parodeeritakse venekeelse keskkonna visuaalses massikultuuris ja tänapäeva folklooris, käsitledes peamiselt neid muutusi veebis ja reklaamis

  1. Nigeeria kirjade autorid said Liba-Nobeli kirjanduspreemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Liba-Nobeli kirjanduspreemia (Ig Nobel Prize - asutatud 1991) pälvisid aastal 2005 Nigeerias interneti- ettevõtjad, kes levitasid e-posti teel "novelliseeriat" tutvustades nii miljonitele lugejatele tegelaskujusid nagu kindral Sani Abacha, mrs. Mariam Sanni Abacha, advokaat Jon A Mbeki jt.

  2. E-citizen in an E-state / Tarmo Loodus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loodus, Tarmo, 1958-

    2001-01-01

    Kaanel ajak. ilmumis aeg Winter 2001/2002. Eesti peab muutuma riigiks, kus avaliku sektori asjaajamine toimub ööpäevaringselt, Interneti-ühendus koduarvuteis on tavaline, kasutusele võetakse digitaalallkiri - kõik see nõuab lisaks tehnoloogia arengule ka organisatoorseid ümberkorraldusi. Autor: Isamaaliit

  3. IT-visionäär Linnar Viik annaks igale põhikooliõpilasele sülearvuti / Holger Roonemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roonemaa, Holger

    2006-01-01

    Linnar Viik peab vajalikuks anda kõigile üheksanda klassi õpilastele sülearvuti ning tekitada koolidesse WiFi leviala. Programmiga Külatee 3 eesmärk on tagada interneti püsiühendus hajusa asustusega maa-aladel, 2007. aastal hakkab traadita internetti pakkuma ka Televõrgu AS

  4. Inimesed tahavad aeglast internetti tagasi / Bianca Mikovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikovitsh, Bianca

    2006-01-01

    Kiirema ja töökindlama WiMaxi internetiühenduse tulek tõrjub Järvamaalt välja senise odavama ja aeglasema WiFi lahenduse, millele inimesed on kulutanud juba tuhandeid kroone ja mida kohalikud omavalitsused siiani rahaliselt toetasid

  5. Kes kaitseb röövelliku kiirlaenu eest? / Katrin Saks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saks, Katrin, 1956-

    2008-01-01

    Kiirlaenudest ja nendega seonduvatest probleemidest Eestis, seaduseelnõust, mis suurendab SMS-laenu võtnute võimalusi kaitsta oma õigusi laenuandjate ees ning olukorra ohjeldamisest Rootsis ja Soomes. Ilmunud ka Pärnu Postimees 31. okt. 2008, lk. 11, pealkiri kujul: kaitse röövelliku kiirlaenu vastu ja tarbijakaitsepoliitika ; Lõunaleht 6. nov. 2008, lk. 4, pealkiri kujul: kes kaitseb röövelliku kiirlaenu eest ehk tarbijakaitsepoliitika lakmustest ; Vali Uudised 7. nov. 2008, lk. 2 ; Harju Ekspress 7. nov. 2008, lk. 8, pealkiri kujul: kes kaitseb röövelliku kiirlaenu vastu ehk tarbijakaitsepoliitika lakmustest ; Türi Rahvaleht 14. nov. 2008, lk. 4 ; Virumaa Teataja 14. nov. 2008, lk. 11, pealkiri kujul: kiirlaenud on test tarbijakaitsepoliitikale ; Kuulutaja 14. nov. 2008, lk. 4, pealkiri kujul: kes kaitseb kiirlaenu vastu ; Vooremaa 18. nov. 2008, lk. 2 ; Sõnumitooja 26. nov. 2008, lk. 2 ; Koit : Tarbijaleht 27. nov. 2008, lk. 10

  6. Stress corrosion cracking of nickel base alloys characterization and prediction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santarini, G.; Pinard-Legry, G.

    1988-01-01

    For many years, studies have been carried out in several laboratories to characterize the IGSCC (Intergranular Stress Corrosion Cracking) behaviour of nickel base alloys in aqueous environments. For their relative shortness, CERTs (Constant Extension Rate Tests) have been extensively used, especially at the Corrosion Department of the CEA. However, up to recently, the results obtained with this method remained qualitative. This paper presents a first approach to a quantitative interpretation of CERT results. The basic datum used is the crack trace depth distribution determined on a specimen section at the end of a CERT. It is shown that this information can be used for the calculation of initiation and growth parameters which quantitatively characterize IGSCC phenomenon. Moreover, the rationale proposed should lead to the determination of intrinsic cracking parameters, and so, to in-service behaviour prediction

  7. Interaction between the PH and START domains of ceramide transfer protein competes with phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate binding by the PH domain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prashek, Jennifer; Bouyain, Samuel; Fu, Mingui; Li, Yong; Berkes, Dusan; Yao, Xiaolan

    2017-08-25

    De novo synthesis of the sphingolipid sphingomyelin requires non-vesicular transport of ceramide from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi by the multidomain protein ceramide transfer protein (CERT). CERT's N-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) domain targets it to the Golgi by binding to phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns(4)P) in the Golgi membrane, whereas its C-terminal StAR-related lipid transfer domain (START) carries out ceramide transfer. Hyperphosphorylation of a serine-rich motif immediately after the PH domain decreases both PtdIns(4)P binding and ceramide transfer by CERT. This down-regulation requires both the PH and START domains, suggesting a possible inhibitory interaction between the two domains. In this study we show that isolated PH and START domains interact with each other. The crystal structure of a PH-START complex revealed that the START domain binds to the PH domain at the same site for PtdIns(4)P-binding, suggesting that the START domain competes with PtdIns(4)P for association with the PH domain. We further report that mutations disrupting the PH-START interaction increase both PtdIns(4)P-binding affinity and ceramide transfer activity of a CERT-serine-rich phosphorylation mimic. We also found that these mutations increase the Golgi localization of CERT inside the cell, consistent with enhanced PtdIns(4)P binding of the mutant. Collectively, our structural, biochemical, and cellular investigations provide important structural insight into the regulation of CERT function and localization. © 2017 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  8. Euroopa kultuurilinn Riia ja kunst / Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Reet, 1952-

    2001-01-01

    Euroopa kultuuripealinna Riia kunstisündmusi: 29.-31. VIII videopäevad "Veepiisad" Noa galeriis, 7.-15. IX jätkub rahvusvaheline uue meedia festival "Kunst ja kommunikatsioon 2001", 8. IX performance "Signal Sever!", 9.-14. IX video-audioworkshop Riias, 14.-15. IX digitaalse meediakunsti ja klubikultuuri projekt "Hip Hop Lv" jm. Internetis: virtual.riga2001.lv

  9. Keegi peab esimesena ukse avama : raamatukogu teadusandmete säilitaja ja kättesaadavaks tegijana / Liisi Lembinen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lembinen, Liisi

    2015-01-01

    Raamatukogude tegevusest teaduse avaandmete (open data) ehk uurimuse käigus kogutud andmete internetis avatud juurdepääsuga kättesaadavaks tegemisel Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogu näitel. Loodud on DataCite Eesti konsortsium nelja Eesti ülikooli vahel (TÜ, TLÜ, TTÜ ja EMÜ), mis tagab nende ülikoolide teadlaste teaduse toorandmetele piiramatu koguse DOI-numbreid.

  10. Surveillance Camera Players / Bill Brown ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brown, Bill

    2006-01-01

    New Yorgis tegutsevast rühmitusest SCP (Turvakaamera Esinejad), mille rajas Bill Brown (sünd. 1959), temaga 2001. a. jaanuaris tehtud meiliintervjuu. SCP etendab näidendeid turvakaamerate ees, Internetis jagab informatsiooni oma tegevuse kohta. Tekstis: "...kuna SCP keskendub turvakaameratele, kasutades nende loogikat selle tehnoloogia enda vastu, siis võib öelda, et nad töötavad kommunikatsioonivõrkudega"

  11. Baidu.com ajas investorid hulluks / Raivo Sormunen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sormunen, Raivo, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Maailma kasutatavuse poolest kuuenda Hiina Interneti otsingumootori aktsia tõusis kohe peale avalikku esmaemissiooni päevaga 354%, mis on suurim hinnatõus mitte-USA aktsiate hulgas läbi ajaloo. Diagramm: Baidu.com aktsia meeletus kõikumises. Lisa: Baidu.com - väike hiiglasuur ettevõte. Vt. samas: Baidu on ülisuure riski otsijale

  12. Kuidas matemaatikat õpilasele kergemaks ja põnevamaks õppeaineks muuta? / Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurak, Raivo, 1949-

    2016-01-01

    Vestlusring toimus videokonverentsina ning selles osalesid matemaatikaõpetajad Hele Kiisel Treffneri gümnaasiumist, Agu Ojasoo GAG-ist ja Maksim Ivanov Annelinna gümnaasiumist (viimasest osales ka õppealajuhataja Jelena Bitova), matemaatika õppejõud Terje Hõim ning interneti kaudu Sirje Pihlap TÜ-st, Tiia Lister koolituskeskusest Tulevikuhariduse PIRN, Aado Luik tarbijakaitsest, Kaja Jakobson SA Innovest ning Pille Liblik, Mariann Rikka ja Aivar Ots HTM-ist

  13. Protection of archaeological monuments in 2001-2005 / Ants Kraut

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kraut, Ants

    2006-01-01

    Kultuurimälestiste riikliku registri Internetis kättesaadavaks muutmisest. Muististe kaardistamisest ja nende kaitsevööndite kindlaks määramisest. Uurimislubade väljastamisest, röövarheoloogide probleemist, looduslike pühapaikade väljaselgitamisest ja kaardistamisest, rahvusvahelisest koostööst, arheoloogiamälestiste tähistamisest. Nimeliselt mainitud üksikute töölõikude eest vastutajad.

  14. Electronic commerce in a global ecomony : problems and practice / Ants Kukrus, Arno Pardla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukrus, Ants, 1940-

    2006-01-01

    Internet on sotsiaalne fenomen, mis on kiirendanud maailma globaliseerumist ning teda võib pidada võimsaimaks kommunikatsioonivahendiks. Tekkinud on uus keskkond, mida nimetatakse nii elektrooniliseks, digitaalseks kui küberkeskkonnaks. Interneti plahvatusliku levikuga on muutunud atraktiivseks ärivõimaluseks internetikaubandus. E- kaubandus nõuab üha suuremat rahvusvahelist koostööd, uuteks probleemideks võltskaubandus, pettused ja piraatlus

  15. John F. Simon, jr. / John F. jun. Simon ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simon, John F. jun.

    2006-01-01

    Ameerika kunstnikust-programmeerijast Jon F. Simon juuniorist (sünd. 1963), tema loomingust, vestlus kunstnikuga 19. 12. 1999. a. tema ateljees. J. F. Simon jun.-i teosed on tarkvara. Monitoril tekkinud kujutisi on kunstnik eksponeerinud nimetuse "Panels" all. Kunstniku joonistusprogrammist, arvutiprogrammist "Every Icon", mis asub Internetis, tööst "Combination", võrgutööst "Alter Stars" (1995-1998) ja muust

  16. Uudised : Tasuta netialbum. Edetabel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Kunstnik ja muusik Andres Lõo andis välja sooloprojekti Ars Intel esimese albumi "Monitor" (http://www.looming.org/arsintel). Raadio 2 eetris on taas Eesti albumimüügi edetabel: top 10 (kodu- ja välismaalt) pannakse kokku suuremate poodide müügiandmete põhjal ja top 20 raadiokuulajate poolt internetis hääletatud tulemuste põhjal

  17. Nam June Paik / Nam June Paik ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paik, Nam June

    2006-01-01

    Korea-ameerika kunstnikust Nam June Paikist (sünd. 1932), telefoniintervjuu kunstnikuga tema talvekodus Floridas 20.01.2001. Nam June Paiki töödest "Participation TV" (1963), "Video Synthesizer" (1969/70),sateliidiperformance'itest "Good Morning, Mr. Orwell!" (1980), "Bye Bye, Kipling" (1987) ja "Wrap around the World" (1988), näitusest "Electronic Superhighway" (1994) jm. Nam June Paik ka Internetist, Interneti-kunstist, töötamisest laseriga

  18. James Wallbank (Redundant Technology Initiative) (RTI) / James Wallbank ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wallbank, James

    2006-01-01

    James Wallbank (sünd. 1966) on RTI (Aegunud Tehnoloogia Initsiatiiv), mis hoiab alates 2000. aastast käigus Interneti-kohvikut "Access Space") Sheffieldis, rajaja. J. Wallbank 6. 10. 2000 tehtud intervjuus RTI-st, mis kasutab oma installatsioonides, skulptuurides ja teistes madaltehnoloogilistes teostes vanu arvuteid, installatsioonist näitusel "net_condition" Karlssruhe Kunsti- ja Meediatehnoloogia Keskuses (1999), tööst "Network Low Tech Video Wall" (2000) ja muust

  19. Eva Wohlgemuth / Eva Wohlgemuth ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wohlgemuth, Eva

    2006-01-01

    1997. a. tehtud intervjuu austria kontseptuaalse kunstniku Eva Wohlgemuthiga (sünd. 1955), kes koos Kathy Rae Huffmaniga dokumenteeris võrgus reisipäevikuna (Interneti projekt "Siberian Deal") sõidu läbi Siberi. Ka projektist "Face Settings". E. Wohlgemuth on loonud varem "Location Sculpture Systems'i" (koos Andreas Baumanniga) ja "Moving Plates Systems'i" ning dokumenteerinud tööd veebisaidil

  20. Miks Eesti soost Steve Jurvetson peab nanotehnoloogiat järgmiseks suureks asjaks / Richard Waters ; tõlk. Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Waters, Richard

    2005-01-01

    Steve Jurvetsoni hinnangul muutuvad nanotehnoloogilise revolutsiooni tulemused nähtavaks järgmise 3-5 aasta jooksul. Ettevõtjatel soovitab ta mitte karta mõelda suurelt ja oodata tulevikku, mis võib veel praegu näida fantastiline. Tema sõnul on Interneti ajalugu juba jõudnud punkti, kus äri muutvad sündmused on saamas reaalsuseks. Lisa: Steve Jurvetsoni tulevikuvisioon

  1. IP-telefon säästab oluliselt sidekulusid / Kristjan Otsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Otsmann, Kristjan, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    Telekomifirma Norby Telecomi poolt pakutavast IP-telefonist ehk helistamisest läbi Interneti, millega saab vähendada sidekulusid mitmeid kordi. Erinevatest internetipõhise kõnesidelahenduse lisateenustest. Vt. samas: Saaremaa Spa Hotellid säästab tuhandeid kroone kuus [intervjuu Saaremaa Spa Hotellide IT-juhiga Andri Võrguga]; Kuus olulist tööd enne IP-lahenduse tellimist

  2. Lisa Jevbratt / Lisa Jevbratt ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jevbratt, Lisa

    2006-01-01

    1967. a. Rootsis sündinud ja USA-s elavast kunstnikust Lisa Jevbrattist ning tema loomingust, 2000. a. jaanuaris tehtud meiliintervjuu kunstnikuga. L. Jevbratt kuulub rühmitusse C5, tema teosed keskenduvad pigem Interneti struktuurile kui selle sisule. Pikemalt võrguteosest "1:1" (2000), mille teemaks on IP-aadressid., lühidalt tööst "The Stillman Project" (1997), kunstniku galeriist "Non-Site"

  3. Distance Measurement Methods for Improved Insider Threat Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Owen Lo

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Insider threats are a considerable problem within cyber security and it is often difficult to detect these threats using signature detection. Increasing machine learning can provide a solution, but these methods often fail to take into account changes of behaviour of users. This work builds on a published method of detecting insider threats and applies Hidden Markov method on a CERT data set (CERT r4.2 and analyses a number of distance vector methods (Damerau–Levenshtein Distance, Cosine Distance, and Jaccard Distance in order to detect changes of behaviour, which are shown to have success in determining different insider threats.

  4. Native American Technical Assistance and Training for Renewable Energy Resource Development and Electrical Generation Facilities Management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    A. David Lester

    2008-10-17

    The Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) will facilitate technical expertise and training of Native Americans in renewable energy resource development for electrical generation facilities, and distributed generation options contributing to feasibility studies, strategic planning and visioning. CERT will also provide information to Tribes on energy efficiency and energy management techniques.This project will provide facilitation and coordination of expertise from government agencies and private industries to interact with Native Americans in ways that will result in renewable energy resource development, energy efficiency program development, and electrical generation facilities management by Tribal entities. The intent of this cooperative agreement is to help build capacity within the Tribes to manage these important resources.

  5. Sposobnost opstanka informacionih sistema / Survivability of information systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boško Rodić

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available U radu je opisan značaj i trend razvoja informacionih sistema u savremenom društvu, a definisani su i drugi značajni pojmovi radi boljeg razumevanja problema. Prikazana su i četiri aspekta rešenja sposobnosti opstanka informacionih sistema koje predlaže Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT. / The article deals with importance and trend of information systems in modern society. In the article are defined, beside survivability, other relevant ideas necessary for better understanding of the problems. Also, in the article are illustrated four aspects of information system survivability solution by Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT.

  6. Violette Cordery [married name Hindmarsh], (1900?–1983), racing driver

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Jean; Williams, Simon

    2013-01-01

    Violette Cordery [married name Hindmarsh] (1900?–1983), racing driver, was said to have been born in London on 10 January 1900 (d. cert.), the daughter of Henry Cordery (m. cert.). No birth certificate or census record has been found to corroborate this. Her first name was sometimes contracted to Violet. She had at least two sisters, one of whom married the car maker Noel Macklin. Violette Cordery was an early enthusiast for motoring, and after Macklin was wounded in the First World War he ch...

  7. Le salaire minimum n'est pas toujours le meilleur moyen d'accroître ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    4 mai 2016 ... De fait, cette intervention vigoureuse sur le marché du travail est une ... la mobilité des travailleurs entre le secteur structuré et le secteur non structuré, ... On peut certes se constituer rapidement du capital politique en faisant ...

  8. Understanding the Value of a Computer Emergency Response Capability for Nuclear Security

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gasper, Peter Donald [Idaho National Laboratory; Rodriguez, Julio Gallardo [Idaho National Laboratory

    2015-06-01

    The international nuclear community has a great understanding of the physical security needs relating to the prevention, detection, and response of malicious acts associated with nuclear facilities and radioactive material. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Nuclear Security Recommendations (INFCIRC_225_Rev 5) outlines specific guidelines and recommendations for implementing and maintaining an organization’s nuclear security posture. An important element for inclusion into supporting revision 5 is the establishment of a “Cyber Emergency Response Team (CERT)” focused on the international communities cybersecurity needs to maintain a comprehensive nuclear security posture. Cybersecurity and the importance of nuclear cybersecurity require that there be a specific focus on developing an International Nuclear CERT (NS-CERT). States establishing contingency plans should have an understanding of the cyber threat landscape and the potential impacts to systems in place to protect and mitigate malicious activities. This paper will outline the necessary components, discuss the relationships needed within the international community, and outline a process by which the NS-CERT identifies, collects, processes, and reports critical information in order to establish situational awareness (SA) and support decision-making

  9. 78 FR 36548 - Filing Dates for the New Jersey Senate Special Elections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-18

    ... Principal campaign committees, party committees and Leadership PACs that are otherwise required to file... Election Reg./cert. and Close of books overnight Filing Report \\1\\ mailing deadline deadline Quarterly.../13 08/01/13 October Quarterly 09/30/13 10/15/13 10/15/13 Semi-Annual Filing Committees Involved in...

  10. INTERACTIVE WORKSHOP ON ARSENIC REMOVAL FROM DRINKING WATER

    Science.gov (United States)

    In 2005, EPA's Office of Water and Office of Research and Development collaborated to present eleven arsenic training events. The workshops provided in-depth treatment technology training to help those affected; state drinking water staff, design engineers, system owners and cert...

  11. 76 FR 7893 - FAA Policy Statement on Expungement of Certain Enforcement Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration FAA Policy Statement on Expungement.... SUMMARY: The FAA has temporarily suspended its policy of expunging certain records of legal enforcement... effects on pilots is available at: http://www.faa.gov/pilots/lic_cert/pria/guidance/pilotfaq . Further...

  12. 76 FR 43696 - Nationwide Cyber Security Review (NCSR) Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-21

    ... other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submissions of responses. FOR FURTHER... Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) Secure Portal. The assessment stakeholders will be states and major urban... resilience. Through the NCSR, CSEP will examine relationships, interactions, and processes governing IT...

  13. Complement Activation by Ceramide Transporter Proteins

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bode, G.H.; Losen, M.; Buurman, W.A.; Veerhuis, R.; Molenaar, P.C.; Steinbusch, H.W.M.; De Baets, M.H.; Daha, MR; Martinez-Martinez, P.

    2014-01-01

    C1q is the initiator of the classical complement pathway and, as such, is essential for efficient opsonization and clearance of pathogens, altered self-structures, and apoptotic cells. The ceramide transporter protein (CERT) and its longer splicing isoform CERTL are known to interact with

  14. Framework for the analysis of the low-carbon scenario 2020 to achieve the national carbon Emissions reduction target: Focused on educational facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koo, Choongwan; Kim, Hyunjoong; Hong, Taehoon

    2014-01-01

    Since the increase in greenhouse gas emissions has increased the global warming potential, an international agreement on carbon emissions reduction target (CERT) has been formulated in Kyoto Protocol (1997). This study aimed to develop a framework for the analysis of the low-carbon scenario 2020 to achieve the national CERT. To verify the feasibility of the proposed framework, educational facilities were used for a case study. This study was conducted in six steps: (i) selection of the target school; (ii) establishment of the reference model for the target school; (iii) energy consumption pattern analysis by target school; (iv) establishment of the energy retrofit model for the target school; (v) economic and environmental assessment through the life cycle cost and life cycle CO 2 analysis; and (vi) establishment of the low-carbon scenario in 2020 to achieve the national CERT. This study can help facility managers or policymakers establish the optimal retrofit strategy within the limited budget from a short-term perspective and the low-carbon scenario 2020 to achieve the national CERT from the long-term perspective. The proposed framework could be also applied to any other building type or country in the global environment

  15. Rôle des verbes de base dans l'acquisition de la L1 par les enfants ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tout enfant biologiquement normal mis dans les conditions sociales requises acquiert sans heurts sa langue maternelle (L1) (Klein 1989). Cependant, cette forme d'acquisition apparemment facile, relève d'un travail cognitif complexe et sélectif (Afola-Amey, 2006). Certes, les noms s'acquièrent plus vite mais les verbes ...

  16. Security incidents on the Internet, 1989--1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howard, J.D.

    1995-12-31

    This paper presents an analysis of trends in Internet security based on an investigation of 4,299 Internet security-related incidents reported to the CERT{reg_sign} Coordination Center (CERT{reg_sign}/CC) from 1989 through 1995. Prior to this research, knowledge of actual Internet security incidents was limited and primarily anecdotal. This research: (1) developed a taxonomy to classify Internet attacks and incidents, (2) organized, classified, and analyzed CERT{reg_sign}/CC incident records, (3) summarized the relative frequency of the use of tools and vulnerabilities, success in achieving access, and results of attacks, (4) estimated total Internet incident activity, (5) developed recommendations for Internet users and suppliers, and (6) developed recommendations for future research. With the exception of denial-of-service attacks, security incidents were found to be increasing at a rate less than Internet growth. Estimates showed that most, if not all, severe incidents were reported to the CERT{reg_sign}/CC, and that more than one out of three above average incidents (in terms of duration and number of sites) were reported. Estimates also indicated that a typical Internet site was involved in, at most, around one incident (of any kind) per year, and a typical Internet host in, at most, around one incident in 45 years. The probability of unauthorized privileged access was around an order of magnitude less likely. As a result, simple and reasonable security precautions should be sufficient for most Internet users.

  17. Senghor et la pensée de l'universel : l'éclairage leibnizien

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sulaiman.adebowale

    10 sept. 2008 ... de Senghor, comme nous allons l'illustrer dans les lignes suivantes. .... Il estime qu'il y manque, certes, le Christ et la Révélation, mais que ..... Ce serait renoncer à soi-même que de se fondre, voire se dissoudre purement.

  18. A new species of Tristiropsis (Sapindaceae) from New Guinea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leenhouts, P.W.

    1978-01-01

    Arbor 8 m alta, trunco 26 cm diam. Ramuli ignoti. Folia certe 1,5 m longa, glabra; petiolus teres, canaliculatus, 36 cm longus, 1,25 cm crassus; rhachis teres, supra graciliter costata; rhaches secundariae alternantes; petioluli 1—4 mm longi, supra fossa lata plana instructi, basi dilatati. Foliola

  19. Microbial control and food Preservation: Theory and practice:Principles of food preservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Food preservation is an action or method used to maintain foods at certain desirable properties or quality to obtain maximum benefit. A good method of food preservation is one that slows down or prevents altogether the action of the agents of spoilage without damaging the food. To achieve this, cert...

  20. Establishment of HeLa cell mutants deficient in sphingolipid-related genes using TALENs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toshiyuki Yamaji

    Full Text Available Sphingolipids are essential components in eukaryotes and have various cellular functions. Recent developments in genome-editing technologies have facilitated gene disruption in various organisms and cell lines. We here show the disruption of various sphingolipid metabolic genes in human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells by using transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs. A TALEN pair targeting the human CERT gene (alternative name COL4A3BP encoding a ceramide transport protein induced a loss-of-function phenotype in more than 60% of HeLa cells even though the cell line has a pseudo-triploid karyotype. We have isolated several loss-of-function mutant clones for CERT, UGCG (encoding glucosylceramide synthase, and B4GalT5 (encoding the major lactosylceramide synthase, and also a CERT/UGCG double-deficient clone. Characterization of these clones supported previous proposals that CERT primarily contributes to the synthesis of SM but not GlcCer, and that B4GalT5 is the major LacCer synthase. These newly established sphingolipid-deficient HeLa cell mutants together with our previously established stable transfectants provide a 'sphingolipid-modified HeLa cell panel,' which will be useful to elucidate the functions of various sphingolipid species against essentially the same genomic background.

  1. 77 FR 44698 - Agency Forms Submitted for OMB Review, Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... survivors of the employee immediately eligible for annuities. With the exception of the residual death... Death Payment and Annuities Unpaid at Death; AA-21cert, Application Summary and Certification; G-131, Authorization of Payment and Release of All Claims to a Death Benefit or Accrued Annuity Payment; and G-273a...

  2. La reforma de les pensions

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Martín, Sergi

    2016-01-01

    L'aparent superàvit que té el sistema de pensions ha generat ja el 2010 un cert dèficit. Per tant, no és tot tan bo com es planteja. Ara bé, en els propers anys s'ha plantejat una reforma que fins que no tingui efecte passaran bastants anys.

  3. 10 noort veebifirmat, millel tasub silm peal hoida

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Aastatel 2003-2008 asutatud ettevõtetest Ushahidi, Mashery, 33Across, Qik, Pinger, QTech, Dash Navigation, Powence, Anagran ning Peer39, mis loodavad kasu teenida innovaatiliste sotsiaalse interneti ideedega. Vt. samas: David Talbot. Kriisiallikate kaardistamine; Lissa Harris. Erinevate veebilehtede andmete integreerimine on nüüd lihtne; Larry Aragon. Kas sul on... mõjuvõimu?; David Talbot. Videoedastus mobiiltelefoniga; Larry Aragon. Kiire kõnepostiteenus; Lissa Harris. Kõik ei lähegi meelest ära!; David Talbot. Liiklusekspert; Lissa Harris. Privaatne failivahetus; Larry Aragon. Videopakettide edastus; Lissa Harris. Semantilised reklaamid

  4. Internet Usage Habits and Internet Usage in Educational Studies of Vocational School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Yakıncı, Zehra Deniz; Gürbüz, Perihan; Yetiş, Gülsüm

    2018-01-01

    Internetis the easiest way to access information. It provides positive contributions toindividual and surroundings, in learning and information era. At this point theanswers of the questions: ‘How do young people use internet and how much do theyuse internet for their education?’ come into prominence. In order to find theanswers; a questionnaire prepared by resarchers and Young Internet AddictionTest- Short Form (YIAT-SF) was used on ‘Health Services Vocational High School’students, in this s...

  5. Douglas Davis / Douglas Davis ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davis, Douglas

    2006-01-01

    Ameerika kunstnikust Douglas Davisest (sünd. 1933) ja tema loonmingust, intervjuu kunstnikuga 8. 05. 1999 Osnabrückis. D. Davis oma interaktiivsetest performance'itest "Austrian Tapes" ja "Florence Tapes" (1970-ndad), Interneti-projektist "Terrible Beauty", sateliidiperformance'ist "Seven Thoughts" (1976), teleperformance'ist "The Last Nine Minutes" (1977), Vitali Komari ja Aleksander Melamidiga koos tehtud projektist "Questions Moscow New York" (1975-1976), võrguprojektidest "The World's Longest Sentence" (1994, asub New Yorgi Whitney Muuseumis), "MetaBody" jm.

  6. Igor Stromajer / Igor Stromajer ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stromajer, Igor

    2006-01-01

    Sloveeni kunstnikust Igor Stromajerist (sünd. 1967) ja tema loomingust. I. Stromajer võitis 1997. a. Hamburgi Kunstihalle korraldatud võrgukunsti võistluse "Extension" tööga "0.html". Tema domeeni www.intima.org ülespandud tööd kuuluvad parima disainiga võrgukunsti näidete hulka. I. Stromajer on loonud WAP-kunsti mobiiltelefonidele, lavastanud Interneti-performance'eid. I. Stromajer 1999. a. tehtud meiliintervjuus oma töödest, pikemalt võrguprojektist "b.ALT.ica", võrgukunsti tulevikust

  7. Teatrimaailm / Mari Kolle, Katrin Talts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolle, Mari

    2005-01-01

    23. märtsil avatakse unikaalne interneti-projekt "Cultu.Ru!" ; Londoni Criterion Theatre'is etendub "Amajuba. Me tõuseme lendu nagu tuvid", mida esitavad Lõuna-Aafrika viis näitlejat, kes räägivad oma elust ; ITI on tänavu ülemaailmse teatripäeva pühendanud naistele, korraldades rahvusvahelise kübernäituse "Naised teatris", mis esitleb eri maade teatripraktikuid : naislavastajaid, näitekirjanikke ja näitlejannasid XX sajandi II poolel ; Pariisis tegutsevast Päikeseteatrist ning teatri asutajast ja juhist A. Mnouchkine'ist

  8. Skype tuleb arvutist välja / Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Müügile tulevad telefonid ja telefoniadapterid, millega saab Skype'i teel helistada. Skype sõlmis koostöölepingu Briti mobiiltelefonioperaatoriga 3, mis opereerib 3G-võrkudega. Skype Technologies OÜ tegevjuhi Sten Tamkivi kommentaare. EMT laiendab oma 3G-võrku, alanud on ehitus 3G-võrgu rajamiseks Tartusse. Lisad: Vonage pürib börsile; Pojuke, misse skaip on? Hurraa-optimismi aeg internetiäris möödumas?

  9. Pop nädal : Popuudised. Edetabel The Billboard 200 Top 20. Plaadiarvustus : The Jesus and Mary Chain - 21 Singles / Aivar Meos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meos, Aivar

    2002-01-01

    8. okt. saabub müügile ansambli Jurassic 5 uus album "Power In Numbers", millel laulab ka Nelly Furtado. Šokk-rokkar Marilyn Manson avaldab peatselt uue kontsert-video/DVD "Guns, God and Government". Intellektuaalset industriaalmuusikat viljelev ansambel Einstürzende Neubauten annab oma Interneti aadressi: http://www.neubauten.org., teatades, et 23. sünnipäeva tähistamiseks peaks 2003. aasta kevadeks valmima bändil uus album. Christina Aguilera uuest singlist "Let's Get Dirty". Ansamblist The Jesus and Mary Chain

  10. Evaluation of stress-corrosion cracking of sensitized 304SS in low-temperature borated water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jones, R.H.; Johnson, A.B. Jr.; Bruemmer, S.M.

    1981-05-01

    Intergranular stress corrosion cracking has been observed in constant extension rate tests, CERT and constant load tests of 304SS tested at 32 0 C in borated water plus 15 ppM C1 - . Evidence of IGSCC was obtained in CERT tests of welded pipe samples only when the original inner diameter surface was intact and with 15 ppM C1 - added to the borated water while IGSCC occurred in a furnace sensitized pipe sample after 500 h at a constant stress of 340 MPa in borated water containing 15 ppM C1 - . These results indicate that surface features associated with weld preparation grinding contributed to the susceptibility of sensitized 304SS to IGSCC in low temperature borated water; however, the constant load test indicates that such surface defects are not necessary for IGSCC in low temperature borated water

  11. Constant extension rate testing of Type 304L stainless steel in simulated waste tank environments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wiersma, B.J.

    1992-01-01

    New tanks for storage of low level radioactive wastes will be constructed at the Savannah River Site (SRS) of AISI Type 304L stainless steel (304L). The presence of chlorides and fluorides in the wastes may induce Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) in 304L. Constant Extension Rate Tests (CERT) were performed to determine the susceptibility of 304L to SCC in simulated wastes. In five of the six tests conducted thus far 304L was not susceptible to SCC in the simulated waste environments. Conflicting results were obtained in the final test and will be resolved by further tests. For comparison purposes the CERT tests were also performed with A537 carbon steel, a material similar to that utilized for the existing nuclear waste storage tanks at SRS

  12. Effects of dissolved calcium and magnesium ions on lead-induced stress corrosion cracking susceptibility of nuclear steam generator tubing alloy in high temperature crevice solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lu, B.T.; Tian, L.P.; Zhu, R.K.; Luo, J.L.; Lu, Y.C.

    2011-01-01

    The effects of Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ ions on the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) susceptibility of UNS N08800 are investigated using constant extension rate tensile (CERT) tests at 300 o C in simulated crevice chemistries. The presence of lead contamination in the crevice chemistries increases significantly the SCC susceptibility of the alloy. The lead-assisted SCC (PbSCC) susceptibility is reduced markedly by the addition of Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ ions into the solution and this mitigating effect is enhanced by increasing the total concentration of Ca 2+ + Mg 2+ . The CERT test results are consistent with the types of fracture surfaces shown by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). There is a reasonable correlation between the SCC susceptibility and the donor densities in the anodic films in accord with the role of lead-induced passivity degradation in PbSCC.

  13. The Health Professions Admission Test (HPAT) score and leaving certificate results can independently predict academic performance in medical school: do we need both tests?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Halpenny, D

    2010-11-01

    A recent study raised concerns regarding the ability of the health professions admission test (HPAT) Ireland to improve the selection process in Irish medical schools. We aimed to establish whether performance in a mock HPAT correlated with academic success in medicine. A modified HPAT examination and a questionnaire were administered to a group of doctors and medical students. There was a significant correlation between HPAT score and college results (r2: 0.314, P = 0.018, Spearman Rank) and between leaving cert score and college results (r2: 0.306, P = 0.049, Spearman Rank). There was no correlation between leaving cert points score and HPAT score. There was no difference in HPAT score across a number of other variables including gender, age and medical speciality. Our results suggest that both the HPAT Ireland and the leaving certificate examination could act as independent predictors of academic achievement in medicine.

  14. Stress corrosion cracking susceptibility of the earthquake resistant NOM B457 Mexican steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arganis J, C.R.

    1994-01-01

    The Mexican construction code was modified after the Mexico city 1985 earthquake, substituted the medium carbon reinforced steel NOM B6 by the new micro alloyed steel NOM B457 in 42 Kg/mm 2 grade. The present study reports the evaluation of the NOM B457 steel behavior in mortar with and without 2% wt. in chlorides and in Ca(OH) 2 saturated solutions. The results are compared with the NOM B6 steel behavior in the same conditions. The Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) is not present in all the conditions used in this study and there are not susceptibility potential range to SCC when the material is evaluated by electrochemical Tests, Constant Extension Rate Tests (CERT) and Constant Load Test at 80 % of yield stress. A susceptibility potential range to Hydrogen Induced Cracking (HIC) is detected, below -900 mV. vs Standard Calomel Electrode (SCE) by CERT at constant potential

  15. Les groupes d'agriculteurs, élément clé de l'essor de l'adoption des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    20 sept. 2013 ... Il est ardu de pratiquer l'agriculture dans les zones arides du Kenya en raison des pluies peu abondantes et irrégulières, de l'épuisement des sols et de l'eau et des changements climatiques. Des décennies de recherche en agriculture ont certes produit des technologies efficaces pour accroître la ...

  16. Fire Department Perspective: Crowd Dynamics and Safety at Outside Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-01

    analysis, this thesis analyzes four case studies: 1989 Hillsborough soccer match, 2011 Reno Air Race, the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing , and 2014 Travis...Hillsborough soccer match, 2011 Reno Air Race, the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing , and 2014 Travis Air Force Base Air Show. The success of the Reno...having jurisdiction ARFF aircraft rescue and firefighting CERT Citizens Emergency Response Team DOE Department of Energy EMS emergency medical

  17. Article sur barrage de Téra

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ENI DOSSO

    ressources naturelles, certes limitées, qui sont susceptibles de contribuer de ..... motricité humaine gérés par la population et les 7 forages équipés de ... Ce comité, composé de cinq (5) membres, a conduit quelques initiatives .... [4] - Plan National de l'Environnement pour un Développement Durable(PNEDD), « Etude des.

  18. Réponse équilibrée aux besoins en eau dans le bassin du Saïss au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    21 avr. 2011 ... L'équipe du projet qu'il dirige actuellement, axé sur la demande en eau dans le bassin du Saïss, tente de concilier les points de vue et les besoins très variés des intervenants. « Nos recherches se concentrent certes sur les agriculteurs, mais également sur les autres intervenants préoccupés par les ...

  19. Аpplying of Explosives of the Type an-fo and Slurry in the Open Pit Mine "Bucim"

    OpenAIRE

    Dambov, Risto; Nikolic, Miroslav; Dambov, Ilija

    2012-01-01

    In this paper shows the way of application of ANFO and SLURRY bulk explosives and blasting methods that are characteristic for this open pit mine. According to the physical - mechanical characteristics of the working environment and condition of the blast hole are defining some parameters for each series separately. In this open pit are defined 5(five) different working environments - rocks with copper mineralization (0,25%Cu) or rocks waste. According to the effects of blasting are make cert...

  20. An Integral Model to Provide Reactive and Proactive Services in an Academic CSIRT Based on Business Intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    Walter Fuertes; Francisco Reyes; Paúl Valladares; Freddy Tapia; Theofilos Toulkeridis; Ernesto Pérez

    2017-01-01

    Cyber-attacks have increased in severity and complexity. That requires, that the CERT/CSIRT research and develops new security tools. Therefore, our study focuses on the design of an integral model based on Business Intelligence (BI), which provides reactive and proactive services in a CSIRT, in order to alert and reduce any suspicious or malicious activity on information systems and data networks. To achieve this purpose, a solution has been assembled, that generates information stores, bein...

  1. Chemical exchange rotation transfer imaging of intermediate-exchanging amines at 2 ppm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zu, Zhongliang; Louie, Elizabeth A; Lin, Eugene C; Jiang, Xiaoyu; Does, Mark D; Gore, John C; Gochberg, Daniel F

    2017-10-01

    Chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) imaging of amine protons exchanging at intermediate rates and whose chemical shift is around 2 ppm may provide a means of mapping creatine. However, the quantification of this effect may be compromised by the influence of overlapping CEST signals from fast-exchanging amines and hydroxyls. We aimed to investigate the exchange rate filtering effect of a variation of CEST, named chemical exchange rotation transfer (CERT), as a means of isolating creatine contributions at around 2 ppm from other overlapping signals. Simulations were performed to study the filtering effects of CERT for the selection of transfer effects from protons of specific exchange rates. Control samples containing the main metabolites in brain, bovine serum albumin (BSA) and egg white albumen (EWA) at their physiological concentrations and pH were used to study the ability of CERT to isolate molecules with amines at 2 ppm that exchange at intermediate rates, and corresponding methods were used for in vivo rat brain imaging. Simulations showed that exchange rate filtering can be combined with conventional filtering based on chemical shift. Studies on samples showed that signal contributions from creatine can be separated from those of other metabolites using this combined filter, but contributions from protein amines may still be significant. This exchange filtering can also be used for in vivo imaging. CERT provides more specific quantification of amines at 2 ppm that exchange at intermediate rates compared with conventional CEST imaging. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  2. Blacklist Ecosystem Analysis Update: 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    example, we checked to see if any of the blacklisted IP addresses were known sinkhole IP addresses. This information would essentially invalidate the...indicator as an indicator of malicious activity, since sinkholes are operated by CERTCC-2014-82 4 Blacklist Ecosystem Analysis CERT/CC network defenders who...clean up and collect intelligence on threats. Only one list out of 67, LI_3, contained any sinkhole IP addresses and that list contained only 10. All

  3. Source Code Analysis Laboratory (SCALe) for Energy Delivery Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    technical competence for the type of tests and calibrations SCALe undertakes. Testing and calibration laboratories that comply with ISO / IEC 17025 ...and exec t [ ISO / IEC 2005]. f a software system indicates that the SCALe analysis di by a CERT secure coding standard. Successful conforma antees that...to be more secure than non- systems. However, no study has yet been performed to p t ssment in accordance with ISO / IEC 17000: “a demonstr g to a

  4. Out flying the eagle: China's drive for domestic economic innovation and its impact on U.S.-China relations

    OpenAIRE

    Davis, Samuel R.

    2014-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. In 2006, the People's Republic of China adopted an innovation policy designed to accelerate domestic economic innovation. With this policy, China aimed to shift its economy from one that manufactures products at the lower end of the value-added chain to one manufacturing products at the top of the value-added chain. China plans to become not only a high-technology manufacturing nation but to become the world-leader in innovation. Cert...

  5. 78 FR 57604 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Endangered Status for Gunnison Sage...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-19

    ... Ariz. Cattle Growers' Ass'n. v. Salazar, 606 F.3d 116, (9th Cir. 2010) cert. denied, 179 L. Ed. 2d 300, 2011 U.S. LEXIS 1362, 79 U.S.L.W. 3475 (2011); Home Builders Ass'n of N. Cal. v. United States Fish... incremental economic impacts imposed by designating critical habitat. (See New Mexico Cattle Growers Ass'n v...

  6. 76 FR 26609 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-09

    ... Shipping Ass'n v. Goldstene, 517 F.3d 1108 (9th Cir. 2008), by noting that the regulations in those cases..., EMA v. EPA and Pacific Merchant Shipping Ass'n v. Goldstene, 2009 U.S. Dist Lexis 55516, 70 ERC 1337.... Rd. & Transp. Builders Ass'n v. EPA, 588 F.3d 1109 (DC Cir. 2009), petition for cert. denied, No. 09...

  7. BUILDING TRIBAL CAPABILITIES IN ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Unknown

    2000-03-01

    The following activities were completed by the end of the quarter: (1) The CERT Executive Director invited a cross section of CERT member Tribes to participate in the project. By the end of the quarter, three Tribes had the invitation under active consideration, four Tribes expressed interest but wanted to see the detailed workplan prior to making a final decision and one Tribe, the Navajo Nation has accepted the invitation. (2) The CERT Board of Directors Executive Committee has endorsed two significant environmental policy priorities for consideration in the project. First, how does the federal Indian trust responsibility to land and natural resources as well as for the health, safety and political integrity of Indian Tribes affect the federal responsibility for facility cleanup and other statutory mandates under federal environmental statutes? And second, What are the protocols of government-to-government relations within a federal system of shared sovereignty and shared governmental responsibilities? And the corollaries to that question, What is the federal obligation for consultation with Tribes and how is that different and similar to consultation with states? And, What is the federal obligation to work cooperatively with Tribes and states in recognition of the three sovereigns of the American federal system? (3) The CERT consulted with political leaders and environmental staff of member and non-member Tribes. This consultation centered on three environmental policy priorities: issues concerning the intergovernmental interface between states, Tribes and federal government agencies and programs; Issues with the cleanup of federal facilities and activities that have damaged Tribal environmental resources; and issues concerning the DOE cleanup of federal facilities used in the production of nuclear weapons.

  8. Perspectives

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    13 mai 2013 ... est nécessaire pour offrir des soins appropriés certes, mais l'expérience individuelle des malades représente ... Elles répondent à une vision .... prise en compte des besoins des malades dans leurs milieux. ... De manière générale, il est connu que ..... un tiers, les malades ont souvent recourt à la médecine.

  9. 10 Détermination des radionucléides dans le repas. Application aux ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ASIMANANA

    On réalise du tic au tac à l'Agriculture et un système expert des aides aux culinaires. Le Malgache a un art culinaire. Les étrangers, certes, connaissent seulement quelques plats. Malgaches à commencer par le Romazava et le Ravitoto. Or, on constatera que cette cuisine compte de nombreux plats. 2. Matériel et méthodes.

  10. Software Assurance Curriculum Project Volume 3: Master of Software Assurance Course Syllabi

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    thods and process of model-driven development. • Pressman , Roger S., Software Engineering: A Practitioner’s Approach, 6th ed. McGraw Hill, 2009...audience • [Bishop 2002] Chapter 18 • [Allen 2008] Chapters 1, 2 • [ Pressman 2009] Chapter 1 • [Merkow 2010] Chapter 3 • [Mouratidis 2007...Allen 2008] Chapters 3,4 • [ Pressman 2009] Chapters 3,4 • [Merkow 2010] Chapter 5 • [DHS 2008-2009a] • [Mellado 2010] • [CERT 2009] 3

  11. Oxysterol-binding Protein Activation at Endoplasmic Reticulum-Golgi Contact Sites Reorganizes Phosphatidylinositol 4-Phosphate Pools*

    OpenAIRE

    Goto, Asako; Charman, Mark; Ridgway, Neale D.

    2015-01-01

    Oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP) exchanges cholesterol and phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI-4P) at contact sites between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the trans-Golgi/trans-Golgi network. 25-Hydroxycholesterol (25OH) competitively inhibits this exchange reaction in vitro and causes the constitutive localization of OSBP at the ER/Golgi interface and PI-4P-dependent recruitment of ceramide transfer protein (CERT) for sphingomyelin synthesis. We used PI-4P probes and mass analysis to de...

  12. Decision support model for establishing the optimal energy retrofit strategy for existing multi-family housing complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hong, Taehoon; Koo, Choongwan; Kim, Hyunjoong; Seon Park, Hyo

    2014-01-01

    The number of multi-family housing complexes (MFHCs) over 15 yr old in South Korea is expected to exceed 5 million by 2015. Accordingly, the demand for energy retrofit in the deteriorating MFHCs is rapidly increasing. This study aimed to develop a decision support model for establishing the optimal energy retrofit strategy for existing MFHCs. It can provide clear criteria for establishing the carbon emissions reduction target (CERT) and allow efficient budget allocation for conducting the energy retrofit. The CERT for “S” MFHC, one of MFHCs located in Seoul, as a case study, was set at 23.0% (electricity) and 27.9% (gas energy). In the economic and environmental assessment, it was determined that scenario #12 was the optimal scenario (ranked second with regard to NPV 40 (net present value at year 40) and third with regard to SIR 40 (saving to investment ratio at year 40). The proposed model could be useful for owners, construction managers, or policymakers in charge of establishing energy retrofit strategy for existing MFHCs. It could allow contractors in a competitive bidding process to rationally establish the CERT and select the optimal energy retrofit strategy. It can be also applied to any other country or sector in a global environment. - Highlights: • The proposed model was developed to establish the optimal energy retrofit strategy. • Advanced case-based reasoning was applied to establish the community-based CERT. • Energy simulation was conducted to analyze the effects of energy retrofit strategy. • The optimal strategy can be finally selected based on the LCC and LCCO 2 analysis. • It could be extended to any other country or sector in the global environment

  13. A System of Integrated Indicators for Socio-Environmental Assessment and Eco-Certification in Agriculture – Ambitec-Agro

    OpenAIRE

    Rubens Caldeira Monteiro; Geraldo Stachetti Rodrigues

    2006-01-01

    The Brazilian Agricultural Research Agency (Embrapa) has proposed a “System for Environmental Impact Assessment of Agricultural Technology Innovations” (Ambitec-Agro) for the appraisal of research projects and technology innovations in the institutional context of R&D. A derived system, directed at eco-certification of rural activities (Eco-cert.Rural), has been proposed in order to extend the environmental assessment practice to rural activities. The Ambitec-Agro System comprises a set of we...

  14. 2016 Emerging Technology Domains Risk Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-05

    measures upon which the CERT/CC based its recommendations and how each domain was triaged for importance. 6. Exploitation Examples details concepts or...Distribution Statement A: Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited 2 Methodology A measured approach to analysis is required when...only a few vehicles had access to a cellular Internet connection, and only at 3G speeds. Some vehicles already have LTE connections, and many

  15. BUILDING TRIBAL CAPABILITIES IN ENERGY RESOURCE TRIBES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mary Lopez

    2003-04-01

    The CERT Tribal Internship Program is part of the education and training opportunities provided by CERT to accelerate the development of American Indian technical professionals available to serve Tribes and expand the pool of these professionals. Tribes are severely impacted by the inadequate number of Indian professionals available to serve and facilitate Tribal participation and support of the energy future of Tribes,and subsequently the energy future of the nation. By providing interns with hands-on work experience in their field of study two goals are accomplished: (1) the intern is provided opportunities for professional enhancement; and (2) The pool of Indian professionals available to meet the needs of Tribal government and Tribal communities in general is increased. As of January 17, 2003, Lance M Wyatt successfully completed his internship with the Interagency Working Group on Environmental Justice on the Task Force that specifically focuses their work on Tribal nations. While working as an intern with the National Transportation Program, Albuquerque operations, Jacqueline Agnew received an offer to work for the Alaska Native Health Board in Anchorage, Alaska. This was an opportunity that Ms. Agnew did not feel she could afford to forego and she left her internship position in February 2003. At present, CERT is in the process of finding another qualified individual to replace the internship position vacated by Ms. Agnew. Mr. Wyatt's and Ms. Agnew's final comments are given.

  16. Stress corrosion cracking susceptibilities of various stainless steels in high temperature water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shoji, Saburo; Ohnaka, Noriyuki; Kikuchi, Eiji; Minato, Akira; Tanno, Kazuo.

    1980-01-01

    The intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) behaviors of several austenitic stainless steels in high temperature water were evaluated using three types of SCC tests, i.e., single U-bend test in chloride containing water, uniaxial constant load and constant extension rate tests (CERT) in pure water. The steels used were SUS 304, 304L, 316, 316L, 321 and 347 and several heats of them to examine heat to heat variations. The three test methods gave the same relative ranking of the steels. The CERT is the most sensitive method to detect the relative IGSCC susceptibilities. The CERT result for relative ranking from poor to good is: SUS 304 - 0.07% C, 304 - 0.06% C, 304L - 0.028% C, 316 - 0.07% C. The IGSCC susceptibilities of SUS 304L - 0.020% C, 316L - 0.023% C, 321 and 347 were not detected. These test results suggest that the use of the low carbon, molybdenum bearing, or stabilized austenitic stainless steel is beneficial for eliminating the IGSCC problem in boiling water reactor environment. (author)

  17. Utilization of a sealed-tube neutron generator for training and research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jonah, S.A.

    2000-01-01

    The development of a program in nuclear science and technology in Nigeria began in 1976 with the establishment of two research centers, namely, the Centre for Energy Research and Training, (CERT), Zaria and the Centre for Energy Research and Development (CERD), Ile-Ife. The choice of Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) technique as a very effective method of training scientists in basic and applied nuclear research led to the purchase of two KAMAN A-711 Neutron Generators for the two research centers. At CERT, the neutron generator (code named ZARABUNG-1) was successfully installed and the first 14 MeV neutrons were produced through the technical assistance of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 1988. In 1991, a new tube-head was purchased and installed due to the expiration of the old tube. Following the completion of its permanent site, the neutron generator was re-located from the old site and re-installed at the permanent site of CERT in 1995. (author)

  18. Final Report to the National Energy Technology Laboratory on FY09-FY13 Cooperative Research with the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vittal, Vijay [Arizona State Univ., Mesa, AZ (United States)

    2015-11-04

    The Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) was formed in 1999 in response to a call from U.S. Congress to restart a federal transmission reliability R&D program to address concerns about the reliability of the U.S. electric power grid. CERTS is a partnership between industry, universities, national laboratories, and government agencies. It researches, develops, and disseminates new methods, tools, and technologies to protect and enhance the reliability of the U.S. electric power system and the efficiency of competitive electricity markets. It is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE). This report provides an overview of PSERC and CERTS, of the overall objectives and scope of the research, a summary of the major research accomplishments, highlights of the work done under the various elements of the NETL cooperative agreement, and brief reports written by the PSERC researchers on their accomplishments, including research results, publications, and software tools.

  19. UCR INTELLISHARE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew J. BARTH

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1992, the University of California, Riverside's College of Engineering established a Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CE-CERT. The research center's mission is to be a recognized leader in environmental education, collaborate with industry and government, create new technology, and be a major contributor in improving our understanding of the environment. There are three primary laboratories at CE-CERT dealing with: 1 emissions and fuels research; 2 environmental policy, atmospheric processes, and air quality modeling; and 3 transportation systems and vehicle technology research. This paper provides a brief background on these research laboratories. In addition, focus is placed on a particular transportation systems research program at CE-CERT: the development and operation of an intelligent shared electric vehicle testbed that operates on and around the UCR campus, called UCR IntelliShare. This program has been operational for nearly three years and has provided a wealth of data on various aspects of shared vehicle systems such as operational strategies, carsharing technology, user behavior, and how these type of systems can impact society as a whole. In this paper, the operation of the system is described in detail, along with a description of the latest results.

  20. Võlur Ozi eksperimentide kogumine ja partneri algatatud paranduste analüüs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siiri Pärkson

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available 2009. aastal viidi Eestis läbi teine võlur Ozi kirjalike eksperimentide seeria ning käesolev artikkel annab ülevaate eksperimentide korraldamisest ning kogutud dialoogide partneri algatatud paranduste analüüsimise tulemustest. Katseisikutel paluti testida interneti veebilehel asuvat programmi Aivo, mis on suuteline suhtlema inimesega kirjalikus eesti keeles. Tegelikkuses vastas inimeste küsimustele interneti vahendusel eksperimendi läbiviija (võlur Oz. Kogutud dialooge on analüüsitud toetudes vestlusanalüüsi meetodi mõistestikule. Tartu Ülikoolis välja töötatud dialoogiaktide tüpoloogia järgi jaguneb partneri algatatud parandus üleküsimiseks, ümbersõnastamiseks ja mittemõistmiseks. Artiklis analüüsitakse näidetele toetudes eelnimetatud kolme partneri algatatud paranduse esinemist kogutud dialoogides, pidades silmas tulevikus loodavaid reaalseid dialoogsüsteeme, mis suudaksid arvutikasutajaga suhelda loomulikus eesti keeles. http://dx.doi.org/10.5128/ERYa7.12

  1. Internet-sivustot mobiililaitteissa : case: Dynastart

    OpenAIRE

    Häyrynen, Lasse

    2012-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön taustalla on Lahden ammattikorkeakoulun Innovaatiokeskuksessa toimiva Dyna-projekti ja sen halu laajentaa Dynastart-liikeideayhteisönsä käyttäjäkunta kattamaan erilaisilla mobiililaitteilla Internetiä selaavat henkilöt tarjoamalla heille helppokäyttöinen, nopeasti toimiva ja ulkoasultaan miellyttävä mobiilisivusto. Työ käsittelee useita mobiilin Internetin tärkeimpiä ominaisuuksia ja siihen liittyviä teknologioita. Näiden lisäksi käsitellään myös nykypäivän mobiililait...

  2. Automated decoding of facial expressions reveals marked differences in children when telling antisocial versus prosocial lies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanette, Sarah; Gao, Xiaoqing; Brunet, Megan; Bartlett, Marian Stewart; Lee, Kang

    2016-10-01

    The current study used computer vision technology to examine the nonverbal facial expressions of children (6-11years old) telling antisocial and prosocial lies. Children in the antisocial lying group completed a temptation resistance paradigm where they were asked not to peek at a gift being wrapped for them. All children peeked at the gift and subsequently lied about their behavior. Children in the prosocial lying group were given an undesirable gift and asked if they liked it. All children lied about liking the gift. Nonverbal behavior was analyzed using the Computer Expression Recognition Toolbox (CERT), which employs the Facial Action Coding System (FACS), to automatically code children's facial expressions while lying. Using CERT, children's facial expressions during antisocial and prosocial lying were accurately and reliably differentiated significantly above chance-level accuracy. The basic expressions of emotion that distinguished antisocial lies from prosocial lies were joy and contempt. Children expressed joy more in prosocial lying than in antisocial lying. Girls showed more joy and less contempt compared with boys when they told prosocial lies. Boys showed more contempt when they told prosocial lies than when they told antisocial lies. The key action units (AUs) that differentiate children's antisocial and prosocial lies are blink/eye closure, lip pucker, and lip raise on the right side. Together, these findings indicate that children's facial expressions differ while telling antisocial versus prosocial lies. The reliability of CERT in detecting such differences in facial expression suggests the viability of using computer vision technology in deception research. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Assessment of susceptibility of Type 304 stainless steel to intergranular stress corrosion cracking in simulated Savannah River Reactor environments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ondrejcin, R.S.; Caskey, C.R. Jr.

    1989-01-01

    Intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) of Type 304 stainless steel rate tests (CERT) of specimens machined was evaluated by constant extension from Savannah River Plant (SRP) decontaminated process water piping. Results from 12 preliminary CERT tests verified that IGSCC occurred over a wide range of simulated SRP envirorments. 73 specimens were tested in two statistical experimental designs of the central composite class. In one design, testing was done in environments containing hydrogen peroxide; in the other design, hydrogen peroxide was omitted but oxygen was added to the environment. Prediction equations relating IGSCC to temperature and environmental variables were formulated. Temperature was the most important independent variable. IGSCC was severe at 100 to 120C and a threshold temperature between 40C and 55C was identified below which IGSCC did not occur. In environments containing hydrogen peroxide, as in SRP operation, a reduction in chloride concentration from 30 to 2 ppB also significantly reduced IGSCC. Reduction in sulfate concentration from 50 to 7 ppB was effective in reducing IGSCC provided the chloride concentration was 30 ppB or less and temperature was 95C or higher. Presence of hydrogen peroxide in the environment increased IGSCC except when chloride concentration was 11 ppB or less. Actual concentrations of hydrogen peroxide, oxygen and carbon dioxide did not affect IGSCC. Large positive ECP values (+450 to +750 mV Standard Hydrogen Electrode (SHE)) in simulated SRP environments containing hydrogen peroxide and were good agreement with ECP measurements made in SRP reactors, indicating that the simulated environments are representative of SRP reactor environments. Overall CERT results suggest that the most effective method to reduce IGSCC is to reduce chloride and sulfate concentrations

  4. A primary care, electronic health record-based strategy to promote safe drug use: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Przytula, Kamila; Bailey, Stacy Cooper; Galanter, William L; Lambert, Bruce L; Shrestha, Neeha; Dickens, Carolyn; Falck, Suzanne; Wolf, Michael S

    2015-01-27

    The Northwestern University Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERT), funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, is one of seven such centers in the USA. The thematic focus of the Northwestern CERT is 'Tools for Optimizing Medication Safety.' Ensuring drug safety is essential, as many adults struggle to take medications, with estimates indicating that only half of adults take drugs as prescribed. This report describes the methods and rationale for one innovative project within the CERT: the 'Primary Care, Electronic Health Record-Based Strategy to Promote Safe and Appropriate Drug Use'. The overall objective of this 5-year study is to evaluate a health literacy-informed, electronic health record-based strategy for promoting safe and effective prescription medication use in a primary care setting. A total of 600 English and Spanish-speaking patients with diabetes will be consecutively recruited to participate in the study. Patients will be randomized to receive either usual care or the intervention; those in the intervention arm will receive a set of print materials designed to support medication use and prompt provider counseling and medication reconciliation. Participants will be interviewed in person after their index clinic visit and again one month later. Process outcomes related to intervention delivery will be recorded. A medical chart review will be performed at 6 months. Patient outcome measures include medication understanding, adherence and clinical measures (hemoglobin A1c, blood pressure, and cholesterol; exploratory outcomes only). Through this study, we will be able to examine the impact of a health literacy-informed, electronic health record-based strategy on medication understanding and adherence among diabetic primary care patients. The measurement of process outcomes will help inform how the strategy might ultimately be refined and disseminated to other sites. Strategies such as these are needed to address the

  5. BUGSBY (Russ), Billy Graham,God’s Ambassador. A Life-long Mission of Giving Hope to the World

    OpenAIRE

    Fath, Sébastien

    2009-01-01

    Cet ouvrage de prestige n’est certes pas un livre d’histoire, encore moins une étude sociologique. Il intéresse pourtant les sciences sociales, dans la mesure où il représente un extraordinaire exemple d’exaltation du charisme personnel en protestantisme. Neuf sections structurent ce livre grand format, dont les admirateurs de Billy Graham feront le fleuron de leur bibliothèque. À l’heure du chant du cygne (Graham a plus de quatre-vingts ans : il est très affaibli et sévèrement atteint – comm...

  6. Comment piloter la responsabilité sociale de l'entreprise ?

    OpenAIRE

    Meyssonnier , François

    2010-01-01

    On parle beaucoup, dans le grand public et dans la littérature académique, de performance organisationnelle d'ensemble des entreprises. On peut être dubitatif sur cette volonté de mettre sur le même plan, en équifinalité, les différentes facettes de l'activité des firmes. Les entreprises sont fondamentalement des organisations instrumentales tournées vers la recherche d'un profit économique et d'une pérennité rentable permettant de créer de la valeur financière pour leurs propriétaires. Certe...

  7. A Novel Control Strategy for Autonomous Operation of Isolated Microgrid with Prioritized Loads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, R. Hari; Ushakumari, S.

    2018-05-01

    Maintenance of power balance between generation and demand is one of the most critical requirements for the stable operation of a power system network. To mitigate the power imbalance during the occurrence of any disturbance in the system, fast acting algorithms are inevitable. This paper proposes a novel algorithm for load shedding and network reconfiguration in an isolated microgrid with prioritized loads and multiple islands, which will help to quickly restore the system in the event of a fault. The performance of the proposed algorithm is enhanced using genetic algorithm and its effectiveness is illustrated with simulation results on modified Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) microgrid.

  8. Nature et souveraineté. Philosophie politique en temps de crise écologique

    OpenAIRE

    Gérard Mairet

    2015-01-01

    L’objet de cet essai est de proposer non certes des solutions pratiques immédiates au problème contemporain de la crise écologique, mais d’élaborer une réflexion théorique par où l’on apercevra l’insuffisance du principe de souveraineté. Au fondement de l’Etat, la souveraineté est gardienne du particularisme des Etats alors qu’une politique universaliste seule (mondiale ou régionale) s’impose face au désordre environnemental. Ainsi, en contrepartie, l’ouvrage dessine le passage d’une politiqu...

  9. La singularit? du patient tuberculeux dans le syst?me de sant?: l'exp?rience du Burkina Faso

    OpenAIRE

    Zerbo, Roger

    2013-01-01

    La d?marche pluridisciplinaire s'impose de plus en plus dans le secteur de la sant? dans le contexte africain, o? les parcours th?rapeutiques sont pluriels et les rapports des usagers des centres de sant? sont complexes et peu satisfaisants. La compr?hension des repr?sentations de la maladie est n?cessaire pour offrir des soins appropri?s certes, mais l'exp?rience individuelle des malades repr?sente ?galement une source de savoir. Les donn?es ont ?t? collect?es ? travers des entretiens semi-d...

  10. Cancer du sein au Maroc: profil phénotypique des tumeurs | Khalil ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le cancer du sein est le plus fréquent chez la femme et figure parmi les principales causes de mortalité liée au cancer. La curabilité de ce type tumoral est en augmentation, grâce aux programmes de dépistage et aux progrès thérapeutiques, qui ont certes augmenté la survie des patients. Mais des défis restent à relever en ...

  11. Giuseppe Patota, Grammatica di riferimento della lingua italiana per stranieri, Società Dante Alighieri; Firenze, Le Monnier, 2003; 424 pp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavao Tekavčić

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Fra le tante grammatiche della lingua italiana pubblicate finora quella che qui recensiamo occupa un posto particolare grazie a certe qualità che mettteremo in rilievo, naturalmente in modo succinto, date le dimensioni della recensione.L'autore, professore all'Atteneo di Siena, ha pubblicato ultimamente alcuni titoli di carattere divulgativo (si veda la copertina anteriore interna e l'opera presente continua quest'attività, tanto utile quanto importante per quanti si dedicano all'i­taliano.

  12. Lydon, Ghislaine — On Trans-Saharan Trails: Islamic Law, Trade Networks, and Cross-Cultural Exchange in Nineteenth-Century Western Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Scheele

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Le livre de Ghislaine Lydon ouvre un nouveau chapitre dans les recherches historiques sur le Sahara. L’auteure reprend certes un sujet classique : le commerce transsaharien. Mais elle l’étudie à partir de sources locales qui, malgré leur richesse et leur abondance, n’ont jusqu’ici que trop peu attiré l’intérêt des chercheurs des universités occidentales – à l’exception de quelques travaux isolés tels ceux de Paul Pascon au Maroc, d’Ulrich Haarmann en Libye, ou de Rainer Osswald en Mauritanie....

  13. Présentation de Paul Colonna

    OpenAIRE

    Corvol, Pierre

    2013-01-01

    Cher Collègue, Cher Paul Colonna, Il y a moins de vingt ans est apparue dans le monde une nouvelle chimie, la chimie verte. Cette chimie est une alternative à l’utilisation du carbone fossile et d’autres types d’énergie non renouvelables (gaz, charbon). La chimie traditionnelle à base de pétrole est certes performante, créative, compétitive, et répond bien à nos besoins, mais elle est aussi polluante et épuise les ressources de carbone fossile. La chimie verte se développe à côté de la chimie...

  14. Coccinelle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Mads Chr.; Hansen, Rene Rydhof; Lawall, Julia L.

    2014-01-01

    , the “CERT C Secure Coding Standard”, that (currently) enumerates 122 rules and 180 recommendations, with the aim of making C programs (more) secure. The large number of rules and recommendations makes automated tool support essential for certifying that a given system complies with the standard.......g., from data-flow or pointer analysis, is necessary both for more precise compliance checking, i.e., with fewer false positives, and also for enabling more complete checking, i.e., with fewer false negatives, e.g., resulting from pointer aliasing....

  15. Aproximació a les conceptualitzacions gramaticals d’alumnes de secundària a propòsit de les classes de mots

    OpenAIRE

    Macià, Jaume

    2007-01-01

    El treball vol aprofundir en les conceptualitzacions gramaticals dels alumnes de secundària, particularment en els sabers que mobilitzen quan han de determinar la classe lèxica de certes paraules (els mots analitzats pertanyen a categories “simples” com les de nom, verb, adjectiu i adverbi). Per a tal fi s'han enquestat 141 alumnes i se n'han entrevistat 18 (es tracta d'estudiants de tots els nivells de secundària d'un mateix institut). L'estudi posa en evidència la diversitat de procediments...

  16. Histoire et théories de l’art

    OpenAIRE

    Behler, Ernst; Boehm, Gottfried; Décultot, Élisabeth; Dilly, Heinrich; Espagne, Michel; Herding, Klaus; Hornig, Dieter; Kemp, Wolfgang; Michel, Pierre; Oesterle, Günter; Pommier, Édouard; Reudenbach, Bruno; Rochlitz, Rainer; Schaeffer, Jean-Marie; Schlegel, Friedrich

    2010-01-01

    L’histoire de l’art ne saurait être considérée comme allemande ; certes les noms qui jalonnent l’évolution de cette discipline, dont la place dans les institutions universitaires comme dans le champ des sciences humaines est plus assurée dans les pays germaniques que partout ailleurs, sont très souvent allemands. Plusieurs systèmes philosophiques comportent une dimension esthétique à laquelle peuvent se rattacher, dans une démarche légitimatrice, autant de modes d’aborder l’histoire de l’art....

  17. Diseño de estrategias de mitigación para mejorar la seguridad de información del sistema de control industrial en la empresa COMERCIALIZADORA SAN REMIGIO

    OpenAIRE

    Bustamente, Fabián; Díaz, Paúl

    2015-01-01

    Los últimos reportes Internacionales de incidencias de seguridad indicados en ICS-CERT (2013) han venido dando a conocer durante estos 3 últimos años un creciente número de ataques cibernéticos a Sistemas de Control Industrial (SCI) y sobre todo en países de Latino América. A estos informes se suma una escasa implementación de soluciones de Seguridad de Información por parte de los fabricantes, profesionales de automatización y de informática en lo referente al ámbito Industrial. Esto nos ha ...

  18. Clang and Coccinelle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Mads Christian; Hansen, René Rydhof; Lawall, Julia

    2010-01-01

    on work-in-progress with integrating two state of the art analysis tools, Clang and Coccinelle, into a combined tool perfectly suited for analysing and certifying C programs according to, e.g., the CERT C Secure Coding standard or the MISRA (the Motor Industry Software Reliability Assocation) C standard...... and code code checkers. Coccinelle is a program transformation tool and bug-finder developed originally for the Linux kernel but has been successfully used to find bugs in other Open Source projects such as WINE and OpenSSL....

  19. Building a new predictor for multiple linear regression technique-based corrective maintenance turnaround time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Antonio M; Barr, Cameron; Puñales-Pozo, Elsa

    2008-01-01

    This research's main goals were to build a predictor for a turnaround time (TAT) indicator for estimating its values and use a numerical clustering technique for finding possible causes of undesirable TAT values. The following stages were used: domain understanding, data characterisation and sample reduction and insight characterisation. Building the TAT indicator multiple linear regression predictor and clustering techniques were used for improving corrective maintenance task efficiency in a clinical engineering department (CED). The indicator being studied was turnaround time (TAT). Multiple linear regression was used for building a predictive TAT value model. The variables contributing to such model were clinical engineering department response time (CE(rt), 0.415 positive coefficient), stock service response time (Stock(rt), 0.734 positive coefficient), priority level (0.21 positive coefficient) and service time (0.06 positive coefficient). The regression process showed heavy reliance on Stock(rt), CE(rt) and priority, in that order. Clustering techniques revealed the main causes of high TAT values. This examination has provided a means for analysing current technical service quality and effectiveness. In doing so, it has demonstrated a process for identifying areas and methods of improvement and a model against which to analyse these methods' effectiveness.

  20. Measures aimed at enhancing safe operation of the Nigeria Research Reactor-1 (NIRR-1)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Balogun, G.I.; Jonah, S.A.; Umar, I.M.

    2005-01-01

    Safety culture has been defined as 'that assembly of characteristics and attitudes in organizations and individuals which establishes that as an overriding priority, nuclear plant safety issues receive the attention warranted by their significance'. This paper briefly highlights efforts being made at the Centre for Energy Research and Training (CERT) towards realizing this broad objective as far as possible. To this end CERT realizes the need for instituted safety measures to reflect significant, site-specific peculiar characteristics of any generic reactor types. Consequently, standard procedures for pre-startup, startup and shutdown of NIRR-1 (a miniature neutron source reactor - MNSR) have been reviewed to reflect our local conditions and peculiarities. The review has revealed the need to incorporate important steps that impact on overall safety of the facility. For instance an interlocking system is being considered between NIRR-1 startup on the one hand and mandatory pre-startup measures on the other. Also a procedure has been put in place that would facilitate rapid response in the event of a rod-stuck-at-full-withdrawal incident. Furthermore, a program of automation of important analysis and design calculations of MNSRs is going on. Emphases are also placed, and deliberate efforts are being made, to ensure that a working atmosphere prevails that would foster the correct attitudinal approach to matters of reactor safety. A regime of constant dialogue and discussions amongst operating personnel has been factored into the overall operational program. (author)

  1. Role of grain boundary engineering in the SCC behavior of ferritic-martensitic alloy HT-9

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gupta, G.; Ampornrat, P.; Ren, X.; Sridharan, K.; Allen, T.R.; Was, G.S.

    2007-01-01

    This paper focuses on the role of grain boundary engineering (GBE) in stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of ferritic-martensitic (F-M) alloy HT-9 in supercritical water (SCW) at 400 deg. C and 500 deg. C. Constant extension rate tensile (CERT) tests were conducted on HT-9 in as-received (AR) and coincident site lattice enhanced (CSLE) condition. Both unirradiated and irradiated specimens (irradiated with 2 MeV protons at 400 deg. C and 500 deg. C to a dose of 7 dpa) were tested. Ferritic-martensitic steel HT-9 exhibited intergranular stress corrosion cracking when subjected to CERT tests in an environment of supercritical water at 400 deg. C and 500 deg. C and also in an inert environment of argon at 500 deg. C. CSL-enhancement reduces grain boundary carbide coarsening and cracking susceptibility in both the unirradiated and irradiated condition. Irradiation enhanced coarsening of grain boundary carbides and cracking susceptibility of HT-9 for both the AR and CSLE conditions. Intergranular (IG) cracking of HT-9 results likely from fracture of IG carbides and seems consistent with the mechanism that coarser carbides worsen cracking susceptibility. Oxidation in combination with wedging stresses is the likely cause of the observed environmental enhancement of high temperature IG cracking in HT-9

  2. The effect of carbon distribution on deformation and cracking of Ni-16Cr-9Fe-C alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hertzberg, J.L.; Was, G.S.

    1995-01-01

    Constant extension rate tensile (CERT) tests and constant load tensile (CLT) tests were conducted on controlled purity Ni-16Cr-9Fe-C alloys. The amount and form of carbon were varied in order to investigate the roles of carbon in solution and as intergranular (IG) carbides in the deformation and IG cracking behavior in 360 C argon and primary water environments. Results show that the strength, ductility and creep resistance of these alloys are increased with carbon present in solid solution, while IG cracking on the fracture surface is suppressed. Alloys containing carbon in the form of IG carbides, however, exhibit reduced strength and ductility relative to carbon in solution, while maintaining high IG cracking resistance with respect to carbon-free alloys. CERT results of commercial alloy 600 and controlled purity, carbon containing alloys yield comparable failure strains and IG cracking amounts. CLT comparisons with creep tests of alloy 600 suggest that alloys containing IG carbides are more susceptible to creep than those containing all carbon in solid solution

  3. Corrosion studies of titanium in borated water for TPX

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilson, D.F.; Pawel, S.J.; DeVan, J.H.; Cole, M.J.; Nelson, B.E.

    1995-01-01

    Corrosion testing was performed to demonstrate the compatibility of the titanium vacuum vessel with borated water. Borated water is proposed to fill the annulus of the double wall vacuum vessel to provide effective radiation shielding. Borating the water with 110 grams of boric acid per liter is sufficient to reduce the nuclear heating in the Toroidal Field Coil set and limit the activation of components external to the vacuum vessel. Constant extension rate tensile (CERT) and electrochemical potentiodynamic tests were performed. Results of the CERT tests confirm that stress corrosion cracking is not significant for Ti-6Al4V or Ti-3AI-2.5V. Welded and unwelded specimens were tested in air and in borated water at 150 degree C. Strength, elongation, and time to failure were nearly identical for all test conditions, and all the samples exhibited ductile failure. Potentiodynamic tests on Ti-6A1-4V and Ti in borated water as a function of temperature showed low corrosion rates over a wide passive potential range. Further, this passivity appeared stable to anodic potentials substantially greater than those expected from MHD effects

  4. The correlation of grain boundary composition in irradiated stainless steel with IASCC resistance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jacobs, A.J.; Wozadlo, G.P.; Nakata, K.; Kasahara, S.; Okada, T.; Kawano, S.; Suzuki, S.

    1993-01-01

    Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEMP) analysis were conducted on a group of irradiated Type-316 stainless steels (SS), in an continuing effort to correlate grain boundary composition with IASCC resistance. The latter property was measured by either one of two means: an in-reactor (boiling water reactor) swelling-mandrel-type test or a laboratory constant extension rate tensile (CERT) test. Possibly because of their basically different nature, the two types of test yielded different correlations with the STEM results. The in-reactor results showed two regimes, one in which IASCC resistance remained essentially unchanged with increasing radiation-induced segregation/depletion (RIS), and another in which IASCC resistance increased with decreasing RIS. The CERT test results, on the other hand, showed a monotonic increase in IASCC resistance with decreasing RIS, with a transition range of RIS in which IASCC resistance was very high or very low. It appeared from the two sets of results that in the reactor environment, a low degree of RIS was necessary but not sufficient for high IASCC resistance, and in the laboratory environment, a low degree of RIS was necessary and sufficient

  5. Effect of temperature and ionic impurities at very low concentrations on stress corrosion cracking of type 304 stainless steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruther, W.E.; Soppet, W.K.; Kassner, T.F.

    1984-11-01

    The relative effect of approx. 12 anion species, in conjunction with hydrogen and sodium cations, on the stress-corrosion-cracking (SCC) behavior of lightly sensitized Type 304 stainless steel was investigated in constant-extension-rate-tensile (CERT) tests at 289/sup 0/C in water with 0.2 ppM dissolved oxygen at total conductivity values of less than or equal to 1 ..mu..S/cm. The results show that the sulfur species, either in acid or sodium form, produce the highest degree of IGSCC relative to other anions. The effect of temperature on the SCC behavior of the material was investigated in CERT tests over the range 110 to 320/sup 0/C in high-purity water and in water containing 0.1 and 1.0 ppM sulfate as H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ at a dissolved oxygen concentration of 0.2 ppM. The CERT parameters were correlated with impurity concentration (i.e., conductivity) and the electrochemical potential of platinum and Type 304 stainless steel electrodes in the high-temperature environments. Maximum IGSCC occurred at temperatures between approx. 200 and 250/sup 0/C in high-purity water, and the addition of sulfate increased the average crack growth rates and the temperature range over which maximum susceptibility occurred. A distinct transition from intergranular to transgranular and ultimately to a ductile failure mode was observed as the temperature increased from approx. 270 to 320/sup 0/C in high-purity water. This transition was attributed to a decrease in the open-circuit corrosion potential of the steel below a critical value of approx. 0 mV(SHE) at the higher temperature. A large decrease in the crack growth rates of fracture-mechanics-type specimens of the steel was also found when the temperature was increased from 289 to 320/sup 0/C in high-purity water with 0.2 ppM dissolved oxygen. 26 references, 8 figures, 6 tables.

  6. Effect of temperature and ionic impurities at very low concentrations on stress corrosion cracking of type 304 stainless steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ruther, W.E.; Soppet, W.K.; Kassner, T.F.

    1984-11-01

    The relative effect of approx. 12 anion species, in conjunction with hydrogen and sodium cations, on the stress-corrosion-cracking (SCC) behavior of lightly sensitized Type 304 stainless steel was investigated in constant-extension-rate-tensile (CERT) tests at 289 0 C in water with 0.2 ppM dissolved oxygen at total conductivity values of less than or equal to 1 μS/cm. The results show that the sulfur species, either in acid or sodium form, produce the highest degree of IGSCC relative to other anions. The effect of temperature on the SCC behavior of the material was investigated in CERT tests over the range 110 to 320 0 C in high-purity water and in water containing 0.1 and 1.0 ppM sulfate as H 2 SO 4 at a dissolved oxygen concentration of 0.2 ppM. The CERT parameters were correlated with impurity concentration (i.e., conductivity) and the electrochemical potential of platinum and Type 304 stainless steel electrodes in the high-temperature environments. Maximum IGSCC occurred at temperatures between approx. 200 and 250 0 C in high-purity water, and the addition of sulfate increased the average crack growth rates and the temperature range over which maximum susceptibility occurred. A distinct transition from intergranular to transgranular and ultimately to a ductile failure mode was observed as the temperature increased from approx. 270 to 320 0 C in high-purity water. This transition was attributed to a decrease in the open-circuit corrosion potential of the steel below a critical value of approx. 0 mV(SHE) at the higher temperature. A large decrease in the crack growth rates of fracture-mechanics-type specimens of the steel was also found when the temperature was increased from 289 to 320 0 C in high-purity water with 0.2 ppM dissolved oxygen. 26 references, 8 figures, 6 tables

  7. Effect of cold work hardening on stress corrosion cracking of stainless steels in primary water of pressurized water reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Raquet, O.; Herms, E.; Vaillant, F.; Couvant, T.; Boursier, J.M.

    2004-01-01

    A R and D program is carried out in CEA and EDF laboratories to investigate separately the effects of factors which could contribute to IASCC mechanism. In the framework of this study, the influence of cold work on SCC of ASSs in primary water is studied to supply additional knowledge concerning the contribution of radiation hardening on IASCC of ASSs. Solution annealed ASSs, essentially of type AISI 304(L) and AISI 316(L), are generally considered very resistant to SCC in nominal primary water. However, Constant Extension Rate Tests (CERTs), performed on cold pressed humped specimens in nominal primary water at 360 deg. C, reveal that these materials can exhibit a high SCC susceptibility: deepest cracks reach 1 mm (mean crack growth rate about 1 μm.h -1 ) and propagation is mainly intergranular for 304L and mainly transgranular for 316L. Indeed, work hardening in conjunction with high localized deformation can promote SCC. The influence of the nature of the cold work (shot peening, reaming, cold rolling, counter sinking, fatigue work hardening and tensile deformation) is investigated by means of screening CERTs performed with smooth specimens in 304L at 360 deg. C. For a given cold work hardening level, the susceptibility to crack initiation strongly depends on the cold working process, and no propagation is observed for a hardness level lower than 300 ±10 HV(0.49N). The propagation of cracks is observed only for dynamic loadings like CERT, traction/relaxation tests and crack growth rate tests performed with CT specimens under trapezoidal loading. Although crack initiation is observed for constant load and constant deformation tests, crack propagation do not seem to occur under these mechanical solicitations for 17000 hours of testing, even for hardness levels higher than 450 HV(0.49N). The mean crack growth rate increases when the hardness increases. An important R and D program is in progress to complement these results and to develop a SCC model for ASSs in

  8. « Modèle Clovis », « modèle Moshesh » ou « malentendu productif » ?

    OpenAIRE

    Laux, Claire

    2008-01-01

    Pourquoi certains archipels océaniens subirent-ils, dans les premières décennies du xixe siècle, la mise en place de systèmes que les observateurs qualifièrent de « théocraties missionnaires » alors que le reste de l’Océanie connaissait une évangélisation plus « classique » ? Certes, à Tahiti, à Hawaii, aux Tonga, dans l’archipel des Cook, dans l’archipel des Gambier ou dans celui de Wallis et Futuna, l’antériorité de la christianisation par rapport à la colonisation et le monopole de l’une o...

  9. Law across nations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    of participants keen to work together to promote research and policy development in such a lively forum." - Professor Steve Saxby PhD, Cert Ed., MBCS Professor of IT Law and Public Policy, Solicitor, Deputy Head of School (Research), Faculty of Business and Law, University of Southampton, Editor...... not only the original themes of Legal, Security and Privacy Issues in IT Law and International Law and Trade but more recently two new conferences on International Public and Private Law. The papers in this volume then represent the contributions to all these fields and reflect the strong desire......-in-Chief, The Computer Law & Security Review - The International Journal of Technology Law and Practice (Elsevier), www.elsevier.com/locate/clsr, Editor, The Encyclopedia of Information Technology Law (Sweet & Maxwell), Director ILAWS - Institute for Law and the Web - School of Law, Southampton University, www...

  10. Interfon

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2011-01-01

    Une nouvelle année pleine d’optimisme … En vous souhaitant une Bonne Année 2011, Interfon continuera, cette année encore, à mettre toute son énergie à votre service afin de vous faire profiter des avantages que nos partenaires nous consentent spécialement. Certes, la concurrence est dure et nous ne sommes pas toujours à même de vous offrir les prix les meilleurs du marché local, mais nous nous y efforçons à chaque fois que nous en avons l’opportunité. Néanmoins sachez que nous attachons beaucoup d’attention à la qualité des services proposés et que nos partenaires s’emploient à y répondre avec beaucoup de sérieux.   ****** Grande Salento Market à Cessy (près de Falco carrelage) : Importateur exclusif d...

  11. La Prevención de riesgos ambientales en el estado de Veracruz, México

    OpenAIRE

    Morosini, Francisco

    2006-01-01

    A Veracruz no es tenen instruments normatius respecte al risc ambiental, normatius pel que fa al risc ambiental, que si bé en l'actual Llei General de l'Equilibri Ecològic i la Protecció a l'Ambient, resulten matèria federal quan es tracti d'activitats alt risc, no està de més tenir procediments que puguin ajudar en la prevenció d'aquest tipus de problemes ambientals, a més de què considerem que el propi estat podria, en la Llei respectiva i el seu reglament, establir normes a certes activita...

  12. Valorisation des algues et autres végétaux aquatiques

    OpenAIRE

    Delepine, René; Gaillard, René; Morand, Philippe

    1988-01-01

    Cet ouvrage, relatif à la "Valorisation des algues et autres végétaux aquatiques", est publié à un moment où la réflexion menée sur la protection du milieu naturel rejoint les préoccupations économiques de gestion de l'eau et des ressources aquatiques. Il devrait collaborer à la mise en place de stratégies de développement, tant dans le domaine de l'exploitation des algues marines que dans celui de l'utilisation des végétaux d'eau douce. Cet ouvrage s'adresse certes aux acteurs directement...

  13. Method of evaluation of radiant heat transfers for geometries having cast shadows; Methode d`evaluation des echanges radiatifs pour des geometries comportant des ombres portees

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lair, P; Millan, P [ONERA-CERT/DERMES, 31 - Toulouse (France); Dumoulin, J [INSA-UPS, LETHEM, 31 - Toulouse (France)

    1997-12-31

    Experimental studies on aero-thermal characterization of various flows are carried out by the CERT/DERMES centre of the French national office of aerospace studies and research (ONERA). The measurement is based on the infrared thermography method which requires a correction of surface fluxes. This correction is necessarily based on a radiative statement of the cell where the flow takes place. A numerical method of form factors calculation in complex geometrical configuration has been developed. This method is applicable to surfaces (flat or not) and takes into account the shadow phenomena as they can exist inside an experimental test path. Two methods of radiative statements have been developed and compared. The influence of form factors calculation on the radiative statement is also analyzed and the problem of the sensitivity of the methods with respect to possible measurement errors is evoked. (J.S.) 8 refs.

  14. Llums i ombres de l'OCW: envers l'OCW 2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosanna Mestre

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available L’Open Course Ware és una altruista iniciativa orientada a l’educació superior que aporta beneficis tant a estudiants i professors, com a les institucions que la promouen. Però també té certes limitacions que podrien ser pal·liades parcialment si els seus gestors miraren al futur des d’una perspectiva més ambiciosa per tal de garantir no sols repositoris oberts, sinó també suport pedagògic i reconeixement de títols. Exigiria solucions imaginatives i compromeses per a algunes qu?estions clau, però podria esdevenir una resposta accessible per a la imminent demanda global de formació universitària. Les bases d’aquesta mena d’OCW 2.0 ja estan construïdes.

  15. La « violence de genre à l’école » entre science et politique

    OpenAIRE

    Debarbieux, Éric

    2013-01-01

    Lorsque nous avons lancé en janvier 2012 l’appel à contributions sur le thème « Violence de genre violences sexistes à l’école : mesurer, comprendre, prévenir » la polémique sur la pseudo « théorie du  genre » n’existait pas encore en France avec une telle intensité. Les longs cortèges d’opposantEs au « mariage pour tous » - si abusivement résumé parfois en « mariage gay » - n’avaient pas encore battu le pavé de Paris et d’ailleurs. Certes,  cette polémique n’est pas neuve et on rappellera pa...

  16. Aller chez le notaire : un moyen d’expression pour les femmes ? L’exemple de Tours au XVIIIe siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Drouault, Célia

    2010-01-01

    L’analyse de la place des femmes dans la société moderne tourangelle par le biais de la pratique notariale féminine, est intéressante à plus d’un titre. L’étude notariale est un lieu où les femmes peuvent s’exprimer, certes dans le cadre souvent étriqué du droit, mais elles n’y accomplissent pas seulement leurs devoirs, elles font également le choix d’y défendre leurs droits. Cette participation féminine est d’ailleurs loin d’être négligeable puisque les femmes, célibataires, mariées ou veuve...

  17. Reactor Materials Program electrochemical potential measurements by ORNL with unirradiated and irradiated stainless steel specimens

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baumann, E.W.; Caskey, G.R. Jr.

    1993-07-01

    Effect of irradiation of stainless steel on electrochemical potential (ECP) was investigated by measurements in dilute HNO 3 and H 2 O 2 solutions, conditions simulating reactor moderator. The electrodes were made from unirradiated/irradiated, unsensitized/sensitized specimens from R-reactor piping. Results were inconclusive because of budgetary restrictions. The dose rate may have been too small to produce a significant radiolytic effect. Neither the earlier CERT corrosion susceptibility tests nor the present ECP measurements showed a pronounced effect of irradiation on susceptibility of the stainless steel to IGSCC; this is confirmed by the absence in the stainless steel of the SRS reactor tanks (except for the C Reactor tank knuckle area)

  18. Effectively protecting cyber infrastructure and assessing security needs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robbins, J.; Starman, R. [EWA Canada Ltd., Edmonton, AB (Canada)

    2002-07-01

    This presentation addressed some of the requirements for effectively protecting cyber infrastructure and assessing security needs. The paper discussed the hype regarding cyber attacks, and presented the Canadian reality (as viewed by CanCERT). An assessment of security concerns was also presented. Recent cyber attacks on computer networks have raised fears of unsafe energy networks. Some experts claim the attacks are linked to terrorism, others blame industrial spying and mischief. Others dismiss the notion that somebody could bring down a power grid with a laptop as being far-fetched. It was noted that the cyber security threat is real, and that attacks are becoming more sophisticated as we live in a target rich environment. The issue of assessing vulnerabilities was discussed along with the selection of safeguards such as improving SCADA systems and the latest encryption methods to prevent hackers from bringing down computer networks. 3 tabs., 23 figs.

  19. Le commerce des sels de Guérande (xviie-xviiie siècles)

    OpenAIRE

    Buron, Gildas

    2015-01-01

    Depuis les travaux de Michel Mollat, Henri Touchard, Jean Tanguy et Jean Meyer touchant au sel et aux marais salants du pays de Guérande, l’historien en est resté à l’idée que la production salicole guérandaise n’avait connu, aux Temps modernes, de débouchés que régionaux, vers la Bretagne intérieure par le biais de la troque effectuée par les gens du marais. L’enquête en cours montre que les sels de Guérande, certes peu présents dans le grand commerce international du sel de la Baie du xive ...

  20. La disparition des loups ou essai d’écologie historique

    OpenAIRE

    Fabre, Éric; Alleau, Julien

    2017-01-01

    Si les loups ont disparu du territoire métropolitain, plus ou moins tôt dans les XVIIIe et XIXe siècles selon les régions, c’est parce qu’on les a activement chassés. Certes, l’affirmation est triviale, mais elle mérite qu’on s’y penche à nouveau en changeant le regard classiquement porté sur le phénomène de disparition de la grande faune. N’affirmer que le rôle actif de l’homme, c’est oublier que l’on observe un objet biologique : c’est nier la dimension écologique du problème. Inversement, ...

  1. LE RÈGNE DU SÉMIOTIQUE : Fondement de la poéticité du langage romanesque chez Ken Bugul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Ahihou

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Le règne du sémiotique dans le langage a pour effet le passage au premier plan des formes du langage que sont notamment la musicalité et les jeux de mots. C’est vrai pour Ken Bugul qui a affirmé que : « La langue maternelle, c’est des sentiments, des odeurs, des sonorités, des attouchements. C’est la langue de ma mère et non la langue de la mère de tout le monde ». Certes, le signe ne perd pas sa signification, mais il subit la domination du caractère poétique du langage qui le porte.

  2. A Policy Analysis and Quantitative Assessment of Key Issues Arising from Climate Change Negotiations Following COP 7

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sager, J. M

    2003-04-01

    This paper aims to assess the consequences of the amendments made to the Kyoto Protocol during COP 7 in Marrakech. Following a comprehensive policy analysis, the major issue of 'hot air' and CDM transaction costs is examined using the CERT model. This was done to show that primary supply regions, typically those with 'hot air' availability, might control the emissions reduction permit supply market and maximise net export revenues of permit supply by withholding 40 to 60% of available 'hot air' credits. The assumption that primary permit suppliers control permit price via a restriction of 'hot air' supply to the market will inadvertently leave a portion of the market share open to Non-Annex B CDM supply, despite potentially extreme variance in CDM transaction costs. A summary table of policy implications on the emissions reduction permit market is also included in the Appendix. (author)

  3. Secondary organic aerosol formation from primary aliphatic amines with NO3 radical

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloy, Q. G. J.; Qi, Li; Warren, B.; Cocker, D. R., III; Erupe, M. E.; Silva, P. J.

    2009-03-01

    Primary aliphatic amines are an important class of nitrogen containing compounds emitted from automobiles, waste treatment facilities and agricultural animal operations. A series of experiments conducted at the UC-Riverside/CE-CERT Environmental Chamber is presented in which oxidation of methylamine, ethylamine, propylamine, and butylamine with O3 and NO3 have been investigated. Very little aerosol formation is observed in the presence of O3 only. However, after addition of NO, and by extension NO3, large aerosol mass yields (~44% for butylamine) are seen. Aerosol generated was determined to be organic in nature due to the small fraction of NO and NO2 in the total signal (tested) as detected by an aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS). We propose a reaction mechanism between carbonyl containing species and the parent amine leading to formation of particulate imine products. These findings can have significant impacts on rural communities with elevated nighttime PM loadings, when significant levels of NO3 exist.

  4. Natural Language Interface for Safety Certification of Safety-Critical Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denney, Ewen; Fischer, Bernd

    2011-01-01

    Model-based design and automated code generation are being used increasingly at NASA. The trend is to move beyond simulation and prototyping to actual flight code, particularly in the guidance, navigation, and control domain. However, there are substantial obstacles to more widespread adoption of code generators in such safety-critical domains. Since code generators are typically not qualified, there is no guarantee that their output is correct, and consequently the generated code still needs to be fully tested and certified. The AutoCert generator plug-in supports the certification of automatically generated code by formally verifying that the generated code is free of different safety violations, by constructing an independently verifiable certificate, and by explaining its analysis in a textual form suitable for code reviews.

  5. Stress-corrosion cracking susceptibility of V-15Cr-5Ti in pressurized water at 2880C

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diercks, D.R.; Smith, D.L.

    1987-07-01

    The stress-corrosion cracking susceptibility of V-15Cr-5Ti in pressurized water at 288 0 C has been evaluated by means of constant extension rate tensile (CERT) tests in a refreshed autoclave system. The test environments included high-purity water as well as water containing SO 4 2- and NO 3 - impurities at a concentration of 10 wppM. Strain rates from 1 x 10 -6 to 5 x 10 -8 s -1 were employed, and dissolved oxygen levels ranged from <0.005 to 7.9 wppM. Test times were from 3.2 to 619 h. No stress corrosion cracking was observed under any of the test conditions. These results were analyzed using measured electrochemical potentials, available Pourbaix diagram information, and the observed oxidation behavior. 7 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab

  6. Jeremy Rifkin, La troisième révolution industrielle. Comment le pouvoir latéral va transformer l’énergie, l’économie et le monde, Paris, Les Liens qui Libèrent, 2012, 414p.

    OpenAIRE

    Noé, Adam

    2013-01-01

    Certes, Jeremy Rifkin n’est pas aidé. « Prophète » pour les uns, « gourou » selon d’autres : difficile de croire que les qualificatifs qui lui sont ainsi destinés, parfois avec les meilleures intentions, ne soient pas, en d’autres milieux, empreints de connotations dépréciatives, fleurant bon la promotion de soi, le marketing médiatique et, pourquoi ne pas le dire, un certain charlatanisme. Il est vrai, Rifkin ne s’aide pas lui-même. Vraiment, a-t-on besoin d’anecdotes du genre : « La chancel...

  7. La mémoire et l’écrit : l’abbaye de Cluny et ses archives (Xe-XVIIIe siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien Barret

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available L'abbaye, le réseau monastique puis l’ordre de Cluny sont un monument tant de l’histoire du Moyen Âge européen que de son historiographie. Son édification a reposé entre autres sur une base documentaire, dont les restes encore impressionnants témoignent de ce qui fut vraisemblablement l’un des plus beaux fonds d’archives des périodes médiévale et moderne. Comme l’on dispose de témoignages certes épars, mais répartis sur une vaste fourchette chronologique, il était naturel de chercher à interr...

  8. Acteur, agent, actant: personnages en quête d’un scénario introuvable

    OpenAIRE

    Passeron, Jean-Claude

    2009-01-01

    Existe-t-il, dans les sciences sociales, un langage théorique qui permette de parler plus scientifiquement que d’autres des actions qui s’enchaînent et se répondent dans une société? Quand il s’agit de préciser le rôle que peut jouer Homo sociologicus sur la scène des théories scientifiques, les scénarios qu’en ont proposés les chercheurs ne manquent certes pas; ni les costumes variés des protagonistes possibles, ni les métaphores filées qui ont fait le succès des tirades classiques, ni les d...

  9. Technical basis for hydrogen-water chemistry: Laboratory studies of water chemistry effects on SCC [stress-corrosion-cracking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kassner, T.F.; Ruther, W.E.; Soppet, W.K.

    1986-10-01

    The influence of different impurities, viz., oxyacids and several chloride salts, on the stress-corrosion-cracking (SCC) of sensitized Type 304 stainless steel (SS) was investigated in constant-extension-rate-tensile (CERT) tests in 289 0 C water at a low dissolved-oxygen concentration ( 0 C in low-oxygen environments with and without sulfate at low concentrations. In these experiments, the crack growth behavior of the materials was correlated with the type and concentration of the impurities and the electrochemical potentials of Type 304 SS and platinum electrodes in the simulated hydrogen-water chemistry environments. The information suggests that better characterization of water quality, through measurement of the concentrations of individual species (SO 4 2- , NO 3 - , Cu 2+ , etc.) coupled with measurements of the corrosion and redox potentials at high temperatures will provide a viable means to monitor and ultimately improve the performance of BWR system materials

  10. L'espressione del passato nei quotidiani delle lungue balcaniche*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Momčilo D. Savić

    1974-12-01

    Full Text Available È inutile sottolineare che le lingue parlate dai popoli della Penisola balca­ nica vanno d'accordo in molti punti, pur non avendo la stessa origine. Le affinita in questione sono dovute tanto alla simbiosi quanto alia convivenza prolungatasi a un periodo plurisecolare. Però se non è sempre possibile de­ terminare i confini etnici di un popolo balcanico (cosa che trova riscontro anche altrove, non è neanche meno facile segnarne i rispettivi limiti linguistici. Senza dubbio, possi.amo supporre chela situazione in questo campo fosse molto piu complicata nei secoli scorSii, essendosi costituite le nazioni vere e proplie appena con le rivoluzioni borghesi, e specialmente se ricordiamo che in certe zone dei Balcani continuano ad essere applicate più lingue e che vi incontriamo oggi stesso un numero non insignificante di persone bilingui ovvero plurilingui.

  11. Reactor Materials Program electrochemical potential measurements by ORNL with unirradiated and irradiated stainless steel specimens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baumann, E.W.; Caskey, G.R. Jr.

    1993-07-01

    Effect of irradiation of stainless steel on electrochemical potential (ECP) was investigated by measurements in dilute HNO{sub 3} and H{sub 2}O{sub 2} solutions, conditions simulating reactor moderator. The electrodes were made from unirradiated/irradiated, unsensitized/sensitized specimens from R-reactor piping. Results were inconclusive because of budgetary restrictions. The dose rate may have been too small to produce a significant radiolytic effect. Neither the earlier CERT corrosion susceptibility tests nor the present ECP measurements showed a pronounced effect of irradiation on susceptibility of the stainless steel to IGSCC; this is confirmed by the absence in the stainless steel of the SRS reactor tanks (except for the C Reactor tank knuckle area).

  12. Comparative studies of microstructural, tribological and corrosion properties of Zn-TiO2 and Zn-TiO2-WO3 nano-composite coatings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Daniyan

    Full Text Available Nano sized composites of Zn-TiO2 and Zn-TiO2-WO3 were produced via electrocodeposition on plain carbon steel. The effect of input current on the microstructure, mechanical strengthening and corrosion properties were compared. The morphological features of the composite coatings were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM equipped with energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS; mechanical properties were carried out using a diamond base Dura Scan hardness tester and CERT UMT-2 multi-functional tribological tester. The corrosion properties were investigated by potentiodynamic studies in 3.5% NaCl. The result showed that the coatings exhibited good stability and the particle loading of WO3 greatly enhanced the microstructural properties, hardness behaviour and corrosion resistance of the coatings. Keywords: Zn-TiO2, Zn-TiO2-WO3, Electrocodeposition, Microstructure, Composite, Stability and coatings

  13. Du bon maniement de l’argent du roi en Espagne au XVIIIe siècle. Les enseignements d’un procès pour fraude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Dubet

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Pour nombre d’historiens – dont je fais partie – les réformes financières entreprises par les premiers Bourbons d’Espagne au XVIIIe siècle n’affectent pas tant l’organisation fiscale de leurs territoires que leur administration. Avant que de modifier la répartition sociale des contributions, il s’agit de rendre au roi et à ses ministres de confiance la décision en matière de dépenses et de s’assurer de son exécution. Ce projet de contrôle accru du roi sur ses propres deniers se traduit certes...

  14. Assessing the Macro-Level Correlates of Malware Infections Using a Routine Activities Framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, Thomas J; Burruss, George W; Bossler, Adam M

    2018-05-01

    The ability to gain unauthorized access to computer systems to engage in espionage and data theft poses a massive threat to individuals worldwide. There has been minimal focus, however, on the role of malicious software, or malware, which can automate this process. This study examined the macro-correlates of malware infection at the national level by using an open repository of known malware infections and utilizing a routine activities framework. Negative inflated binomial models for counts indicated that nations with greater technological infrastructure, more political freedoms, and with less organized crime financial impact were more likely to report malware infections. The number of Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) in a nation was not significantly related with reported malware infection. The implications of the study for the understanding of malware infection, routine activity theory, and target-hardening strategies are discussed.

  15. Mechanistic differences between transgranular and intergranular stress corrosion cracking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Serebrinsky, Santiago A.; Galvele, Jose R.

    2000-01-01

    Constant extension rate tests (CERT or CSRT) with the strain rate (SR) covering a 7 orders of magnitude range were applied to the study of many systems. In particular, the kinetics of SCC were measured via the stress corrosion (SCC) crack propagation rate (CPR). The main experimental findings are: a) increasing SR produces a monotonic (logarithmic) increase in CPR; b) the slopes α in log CPR vs. log SR plots take distinct values depending on the morphology: intergranular (IG) cracks are more steeply accelerated by SR than transgranular (TG), with α lG =0.4 to 0.7 and α TG =0.2 to 0.3; c) an increase in SR only shifts the log CPR vs. potential curves to higher CPR values, without changing its shape. Quantitative evaluation shows that dislocations piled-up at grain boundaries may combine with the surface mobility mechanism to give the experimental results. (author)

  16. Final report for measurement of primary particulate matter emissions from light-duty motor vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norbeck, J. M.; Durbin, T. D.; Truex, T. J.

    1998-12-31

    This report describes the results of a particulate emissions study conducted at the University of California, Riverside, College of Engineering-Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CE-CERT) from September of 1996 to August of 1997. The goal of this program was to expand the database of particulate emissions measurements from motor vehicles to include larger numbers of representative in-use vehicles. This work was co-sponsored by the Coordinating Research Council (CRC), the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD), and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and was part of a larger study of particulate emissions being conducted in several states under sponsorship by CRC. For this work, FTP particulate mass emission rates were determined for gasoline and diesel vehicles, along with the fractions of particulates below 2.5 and 10 microns aerodynamic diameter. A total of 129 gasoline-fueled vehicles and 19 diesel-fueled vehicles were tested as part of the program.

  17. Evaluation of the transgranular cracking phenomenon on the Indian Point No. 3 steam generator vessels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Czajkowski, C.J.

    1985-01-01

    A metallurgical investigation was performed on specimens from the shell of steam generators Nos. 31 and 32 of the Indian Point-3 Power Plant. The shell material exhibited high values in hardness which was indicative that relatively high residual stresses may have been present. All observed cracks were transgranular in appearance and were associated with pits on the vessels' inside surfaces. Both stress relieved and non-stress relieved specimens of SA302 Grade B material were tested in a constant extension rate apparatus in various environments in order to reproduce the transgranular cracking at Indian Point No. 3. The paper concludes that SA302 Grade B material is susceptible to transgranular stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in constant extension rate testing (CERT) with as little as 1 ppM chloride (as CUCL 2 ) in 268 0 C H 2 O. 2 refs., 9 figs

  18. Method of evaluation of radiant heat transfers for geometries having cast shadows; Methode d`evaluation des echanges radiatifs pour des geometries comportant des ombres portees

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lair, P.; Millan, P. [ONERA-CERT/DERMES, 31 - Toulouse (France); Dumoulin, J. [INSA-UPS, LETHEM, 31 - Toulouse (France)

    1996-12-31

    Experimental studies on aero-thermal characterization of various flows are carried out by the CERT/DERMES centre of the French national office of aerospace studies and research (ONERA). The measurement is based on the infrared thermography method which requires a correction of surface fluxes. This correction is necessarily based on a radiative statement of the cell where the flow takes place. A numerical method of form factors calculation in complex geometrical configuration has been developed. This method is applicable to surfaces (flat or not) and takes into account the shadow phenomena as they can exist inside an experimental test path. Two methods of radiative statements have been developed and compared. The influence of form factors calculation on the radiative statement is also analyzed and the problem of the sensitivity of the methods with respect to possible measurement errors is evoked. (J.S.) 8 refs.

  19. L’arrêté préfectoral créant les sergents de ville parisiens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quentin Deluermoz

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available L’arrêté du 12 mars 1829 (voir lien en annexe marque la naissance de la police visible. Certes il existait avant des agents en uniforme, appelés aussi sergents de ville, chargés de faire appliquer les lois et règlements dans les municipalités, mais il s’agit là, dans le contexte policier spécifique de la capitale, de la première police visible moderne, identifiée alors comme telle. Son concepteur, le préfet Debelleyme associe son émergence à celle d’un « état constitutionnel », c’est-à-dire ...

  20. Le traitement judiciaire de la jeunesse délinquante à Genève de 1738 à 17921

    OpenAIRE

    Bernasconi, Gianenrico

    2009-01-01

    Au cours des dernières années, la nécessité de dépasser la frontière chronologique qui situe la « naissance » de la délinquance juvénile au XIXe siècle s’est affirmée dans le débat historiographique. Certes le dispositif légal et institutionnel réservé aux mineurs se met en place au XIXe siècle, cependant l’étude de l’ancienne doctrine et des procédures criminelles genevoises de 1738 à 1792 révèle une pratique judiciaire sensible aux problèmes posés par la criminalité juvénile. Les magistrats...

  1. Proposta de um sistema de apresentação de senhas em ambientes hostis

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães, Adriana de Souza

    2008-01-01

    Senhas usadas para autenticação de usuários e proteção de informações têm sido alvo freqüente de crackers que roubam informações para se beneficiarem financeiramente. Com isso, houve uma grande disseminação de programas maliciosos com o objetivo de roubar dados ou informações com o intuito de praticar fraudes. Isto causa muita preocupação, pois o prejuízo é alto. De acordo com o CERT.br - Centro de Estudos, Resposta e Tratamento de Incidentes de Segurança no Brasil - de janeiro a dezembro ...

  2. La langue des unscriptions latines en slovénie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available Les inscriptions latines dans les régions du Sud-est de l'Europe, dont la langue a déja été étudiée par Mihǎescu, sont nombreuses.Cependant, seules, ici, certaines parties des anciennes provinces de Norique, de Pannonie Supérieure et d'Istrie nord-occidentale nous intéresseront, c'est-à-dire, celles qui font aujourd'hui partie de la République Socialiste de Slovénie. Il n'y a pas de raisons historiques, certes, pour une telle d ­ limitation, vu que la Norique et la Pannonie Supérieure n'ont pas subi, depuis leur latinisation, d' événements historiques qui auraient pu influencer la langue écrite d'une manière différente.

  3. Disseny d'un sistema de control domòtic, mitjançant la plataforma Arduino, que inclogui el control d'il·luminació des d'un dispositiu mòbil

    OpenAIRE

    Andrés Casas, Aïda

    2015-01-01

    En l'actualitat els Smartphones, tabletes i altres dispositius són molt utilitzats. Es pot dir que a totes les llars es pot trobar mínim un dispositiu amb connexió a Internet. En molts cercles, la domòtica es creu un luxe que no es troba a l'abast de tothom. Si bé, és cert que la domòtica es pot considerar un luxe ja que aporta confort i comoditat en les llars, aquest projecte té per objectiu demostrar el contrari i apropar la domòtica a un gran nombre de vivendes. Si més no, el treball acadè...

  4. Pascale Antolin-Pires. L’Objet et ses doubles. Une relecture de Fitzgerald.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Agnès Gay

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Ce n’est pas le moindre mérite de cet ouvrage que de tenir le pari affiché dans son titre, à savoir nous entraîner en effet dans une « relecture » de Fitzgerald. La référence aux objets évoque certes la dimension mimétique du texte fitzgeraldien, si souvent réduit à un documentaire sur le Jazz Age ; mais l’auteur, en traquant les doubles ou faux sens de ces objets-signes présente l’envers de cette œuvre qui, plutôt que d’une tradition réaliste fondée sur le mode référentiel, relève d’une écri...

  5. Influència de la temperatura i durada de la immersió aquàtica sobre el to muscular: aplicacions en el rendiment esportiu

    OpenAIRE

    Mur Gimeno, Esther

    2013-01-01

    [cat] La Hidroteràpia és un dels més vells procediments terapèutics. Al llarg de la història s’ha emprat l’aigua com a agent terapèutic i preventiu per tal d’assegurar un cos sa, si bé, és cert que en els darrers anys la importància d’aquest ús ha estat subjecte de diferents investigacions per tal d’esbrinar quins efectes té sobre el rendiment esportiu. Però la multitud de protocols diversos, tant pel que fa a la temperatura com pel que fa al temps de la immersió, fan difícil extreure’n un...

  6. Influència de la temperatura i durada de la immersió aquàtica sobre el to muscular: aplicacions en el rendiment esportiu

    OpenAIRE

    Mur Gimeno, Esther

    2013-01-01

    La Hidroteràpia és un dels més vells procediments terapèutics. Al llarg de la història s’ha emprat l’aigua com a agent terapèutic i preventiu per tal d’assegurar un cos sa, si bé, és cert que en els darrers anys la importància d’aquest ús ha estat subjecte de diferents investigacions per tal d’esbrinar quins efectes té sobre el rendiment esportiu. Però la multitud de protocols diversos, tant pel que fa a la temperatura com pel que fa al temps de la immersió, fan difícil extreure’n unes conclu...

  7. War and peace in the classroom: moments of reprieve; a strategy for reflecting on – and improving – students’ classroom behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lebor, Merv

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article I intend to outline a strategy for supporting trainee teachers on Certificate in Education (Cert Ed and Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE courses in developing their ability to deal with disruptive student behaviour in their classes. I describe a particular class-based, peer-reflective practice and demonstrate how this has been effective in impacting on helping trainees to deal with teaching disruptive or challenging groups. The rationale for exploring this issue, and the problematic national context in which disruptive student behaviour takes place, is outlined. I then explore a strategy for offering trainee support and peer reflection by sharing a case study of two trainees’ classes where students were particularly disruptive. I examine how this reflective strategy helped support these trainees to improve their practice. Before concluding, some epistemological questions are raised as to the problematics of how teachers know whether improvements took place.

  8. "In Situ Didactics" - creating moments of universal and existential quality and beauty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenderup, Mogens Larsen; Nørgaard, Britta Kusk

    2016-01-01

    “In Situ Didatics” - creating moments of universal and existential quality and beauty. Written by: Senior Lecturers Mogens Larsen Stenderup and Britta Nørgaard, ( UCN ) University College of Northern Denmark ( mls@ucn.dk; bkn@ucn.dk), published April 2016. Læs den på www.academi.edu "Il existe...... certes un moment où l’une s’ouvre à l’autre – et c’est cette situation que nous appellerons enseignement" ( Lévinas, E. (2009)) Inspired by paradox experiences working with learning processes in different educational environments and cultural settings we are anxious to investigate and open up a new...... and unconsciously preventing actual change in how we organize schools and work with learning processes. This new direction contains more recognition of the importance of relational values and knowledge as part of learning processes to be active educationally....

  9. Taken Hostage. The Iran Hostage Crisis and America’s First Encounter with Radical Islam. Princeton et Oxford, Princeton University Press, 2005, 212 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Kian-Thiébaut, Azadeh

    2007-01-01

    Spécialiste de l’histoire des États-Unis, l’A. a décidé d’écrire cet ouvrage sur la crise des otages à Téhéran après les attentats du 11 septembre 2001. Ces deux évènements sont certes très différents mais pour l’A. la crise des otages est le premier acte d’anti-américanisme d’envergure. A travers son ouvrage, D. Farber espère donc mettre en perspective les rapports tordus entre les États-Unis et les forces de l’islam politique. L’A. a entrepris des recherches dans les archives et analyse la ...

  10. Les peintures romanes de la cathédrale d’Auxerre. Nouvelles observations 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Gordine

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available La poursuite des investigations du CEM dans la crypte de la cathédrale Saint-Étienne attire de nouveau l’attention sur ses peintures murales médiévales. Certes, les fresques romanes, notamment la célèbre peinture du Christ à cheval, ont déjà fait l’objet récemment d’une étude très poussée, et à bien des égards exemplaire, par Emmanuelle Cadet et Juliette Rollier-Hanselmann . Néanmoins, les acquisitions de cette étude pourraient être nuancées et même complétées par quelques observations nouvel...

  11. Recensement des articles d’opinion sur l’Italie fasciste, dans les quotidiens espagnols : ABC, El Debate, La Época, Heraldo de Madrid, La Libertad et El Sol, du 25 octobre 1922 au 28 février 1929 Recensión de artículos de opinión sobre Italia fascista en seis diarios españoles : ABC, El Debate, La Época, Heraldo de Madrid, La Libertad y El Sol del 25 de octubre de 1922 al 28 de febrero de 1929

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuelle Peloille

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Dates liminairesLe choix de la date initiale peut prêter le flanc à l’objection que fit Renzo de Felice, selon laquelle le fascisme ne commence pas avec la prise de pouvoir par les chemises noires, dans les derniers jours d’octobre 1922 :Par rapport à l’histoire intérieure du fascisme, les événements d’octobre 1922 ont une faible importance du point de vue de la périodisation : l’entrée de Mussolini ne représenta pour les fascistes qu’un moment – certes important – de la vie du fascisme et de...

  12. A Policy Analysis and Quantitative Assessment of Key Issues Arising from Climate Change Negotiations Following COP 7

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sager, J M

    2003-04-01

    This paper aims to assess the consequences of the amendments made to the Kyoto Protocol during COP 7 in Marrakech. Following a comprehensive policy analysis, the major issue of 'hot air' and CDM transaction costs is examined using the CERT model. This was done to show that primary supply regions, typically those with 'hot air' availability, might control the emissions reduction permit supply market and maximise net export revenues of permit supply by withholding 40 to 60% of available 'hot air' credits. The assumption that primary permit suppliers control permit price via a restriction of 'hot air' supply to the market will inadvertently leave a portion of the market share open to Non-Annex B CDM supply, despite potentially extreme variance in CDM transaction costs. A summary table of policy implications on the emissions reduction permit market is also included in the Appendix. (author)

  13. Chicoutimi - Université du Québec.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marie Baldner

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available « Le livre, comme livre, appartient à l'auteur, mais comme pensée, il appartient - le mot n'est pas trop vaste - au genre humain. Toutes les intelligences y ont droit. Si l'un des deux droits, le droit de l'écrivain et le droit de l'esprit humain, devait être sacrifié, ce serait, certes, le droit de l'écrivain, car l'intérêt public est notre préoccupation unique, et tous, je le déclare, doivent passer avant nous » (Victor Hugo. Une bibliothèque en ...

  14. Marie-Christine Lemardeley. John Steinbeck. L’Eden perdu.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Bleikasten

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Il y a « un cas Steinbeck ». Dès 1948 Claude-Edmonde Magny, dans L’Age du roman américain, s’interrogeait sur les « limites » de son art et notait dès la première phrase du chapitre qu’elle lui consacrait que « Steinbeck apparaît déjà comme beaucoup moins important dans la littérature américaine qu’il ne pouvait sembler voici quelques années ». Magny ne s’est guère trompée. Un demi-siècle plus tard, Steinbeck continue certes à être lu dans le monde entier, mais son étoile a pâli plus encore q...

  15. Modeling of electromagnetic and thermal diffusion in a large pure aluminum stabilized superconductor under quench

    CERN Document Server

    Gavrilin, A V

    2001-01-01

    Low temperature composite superconductors stabilized with extra large cross-section pure aluminum are currently in use for the Large Helical Device in Japan, modern big detectors such as ATLAS at CERN, and other large magnets. In these types of magnet systems, the rated average current density is not high and the peak field in a region of interest is about 2-4 T. Aluminum stabilized superconductors result in high stability margins and relatively long quench times. Appropriate quench analyses, both for longitudinal and transverse propagation, have to take into account a rather slow diffusion of current from the superconductor into the thick aluminum stabilizer. An exact approach to modeling of the current diffusion would be based on directly solving the Maxwell's equations in parallel with thermal diffusion and conduction relations. However, from a practical point of view, such an approach should be extremely time consuming due to obvious restrictions of computation capacity. At the same time, there exist cert...

  16. La bombe à retardement du curé d’Étrépigny

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Pierre Cavaillé

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Même si l’effort théorique qu’il déploie pour présenter un système philosophique et politique rigoureusement athée est tout à fait considérable, Jean Meslier n’est certes pas le premier des athées de l’histoire, ni « l’inventeur » de l’athéisme, comme on a pu le dire encore récemment. Cependant, il y a bien un avant et un après Meslier. Car son œuvre est à la fois un aboutissement et une rupture, une conclusion et le commencement d’une ère nouvelle qui est encore la nôtre.D’une part, elle est...

  17. aCTeX: Autoaprenentatge científico-tècnic en xarxa

    OpenAIRE

    Guillamon Grabolosa, Antoni; Ferrer, Albert

    2007-01-01

    aCTeX és una aplicació web que genera dinàmicament llistats de preguntes tipus test, amb la particularitat que admet expressions matemàtiques introduïdes en llenguatge LaTeX a la base de dades. L’aplicació executa la conversió de LaTeX a HTML i ho presenta de manera integrada en qualsevol navegador. aCTeX permet a l’usuari (alumne) de fixar certes característiques del test (dificultat, temes). Un cop generada la llista de preguntes, l’alumne pot resoldre-la on-line i obtenir resultats i expli...

  18. EC verifications of the infrastructure subsystem; EG-Pruefungen im Teilsystem Infrastruktur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koeppel, M. [EISENBAHN-CERT, Bonn (Germany)

    2006-07-15

    With the entry into force of the TSIs (technical specifications for the interoperability) of the high-speed railway system, a new procedure has been created in Germany for authorizing railway infrastructures to enter service. It involves the nominated body for interoperability, Eisenbahn-Cert (EBC), in a role which inserts it ahead of the Federal Railway Authority (EBA). This article discusses the EC verification procedure on the basis of the experience already accumulated with it and the cases pending at present. It also deals with substantive rules concerning the infrastructure TSIs, comparing them with the national equivalents, and takes a look into the future as regards the rules that are going to be necessary for attaining interoperability for both high-speed railway systems and conventional ones. (orig.)

  19. Influence of circumferential notch and fatigue crack on the mechanical integrity of biodegradable magnesium-based alloy in simulated body fluid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobby Kannan, M; Singh Raman, R K; Witte, F; Blawert, C; Dietzel, W

    2011-02-01

    Applications of magnesium alloys as biodegradable orthopaedic implants are critically dependent on the mechanical integrity of the implant during service. In this study, the mechanical integrity of an AZ91 magnesium alloy was studied using a constant extension rate tensile (CERT) method. The samples in two different geometries that is, circumferentially notched (CN), and circumferentially notched and fatigue cracked (CNFC), were tested in air and in simulated body fluid (SBF). The test results show that the mechanical integrity of the AZ91 magnesium alloy decreased substantially (∼50%) in both the CN and CNFC samples exposed to SBF. Fracture surface analysis revealed secondary cracks suggesting stress corrosion cracking susceptibility of the alloy in SBF. Copyright © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Grain boundary composition and irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking resistance in Type 348 stainless steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jacobs, A.J.; Wozadlo, G.P.; Nakata, K.

    1994-01-01

    Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) analyses, in-reactor swelling mandrel tests, and laboratory constant extension rate tensile (CERT) tests were conducted on nine custom type 348 (UNS S34800) stainless steel (SS) alloys in an attempt to correlate grain boundary composition with irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) resistance. Phosphorus (P) enrichment showed the best correlation with in-reactor test results, and chromium (Cr) depletion showed the best correlation with laboratory results. Silicon (Si) and P enrichment were found to depend quantitatively on the bulk concentrations of these elements. The amount of Cr depletion seemed dependent at least partially on the amounts of Si and/or P enrichment. Si and P enrichment and Cr depletion were suppressed by higher carbon (C) contents, such as that present in commercial-purity type 348 SS

  1. Edith Guilley, Christian J. Lalive d’Epinay (dir., The Closing Chapters of Long Lives. Results from the 10-Year Swilsoo Study on the Oldest Old

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabrielle Varro

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Comment lire une telle étude ? De par-deçà ou de par-delà le tombeau ? Certes, le titre a bien l’air de « fermer le chapitre » de ces longues vies, de ces vies des « plus vieux des vieux »… Mais le lecteur peut trouver un certain réconfort dans la prise de conscience qu’objectivement la vieillesse n’arrête pas de reculer : nous en sommes au 4e âge, où « vivre au-delà de 80 ans constitue une nouvelle étape de la vie » (Préface. Et la perspective adoptée par les auteurs est résolument orientée...

  2. Une transition toute en douceur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denys Denis

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available C’est avec beaucoup de fierté que nous vous présentons ce premier numéro de l’année 2011 qui marque notre entrée en fonction à titre de coéditeurs de la revue. Bien que présent(es sur le comité d’édition depuis de nombreuses années, nous réalisons maintenant l’ampleur du travail accompli par nos prédécesseurs – fondateurs de la revue – pour vous assurer des parutions de qualité, fidèles à la tradition établie depuis maintenant 13 ans. Beaucoup de travail certes, mais qui s’accompagne d’un pl...

  3. Les hybrides de l’utopie.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Lévy

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available L’idée d’un « modèle », présente dans le titre (mais beaucoup moins dans le texte,sans doute à cause de la connotation un peu trop radicale du terme suggère que les rapports entre l’État et la société manifestent, depuis 1789, une certaine cohérence. Cette relation se trouve certes affectée par son mouvement propre et n’est pas insensible à la dynamique historique générale, mais elle demeure suffisamment stable, malgré tout, pour être lisible selon quelques ...

  4. The Governance of Fair Trade System: Evidence from Small Honey Producers in Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Marques Vieira

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses Fair Trade [FT] certification as a way to include small producers in global value chains, and identifies the main barriers for small honey producers from RS to meet these criteria. A new trading system such as FT has been providing access for food products coming from small farmers from developing countries. The method of this study integrates global value chain analysis and the methodology proposed by Paul (2005 to analyse FT as development projects. This study is three-fold: first to characterise the FT system; then to present the role of governance by third party certifiers such as FLO-CERT and finally to provide empirical evidence of the main difficulties that small producers have to comply with FT, such as export and organisation capacity. Our findings show that large retailers recently became big players in the FT system. The certification costs are high but can provide market access though there is a risk of overspecialisation.

  5. Motion analysis in terms of wireless video capsule endoscopy

    OpenAIRE

    Autengruber, Markus

    2009-01-01

    El treball presentat suposa una visió general de l'"Endoscopia amb Càpsula de Vídeo Wireless" i la inspecció de sequències de contraccions intestinals amb les últimes tecnologies de visió per computador. Després de la observació preliminar dels fonaments mèdics requerits, la aplicació de visió per computador es presenta en aquestos termes. En essència, aquest treball proveïx una exhaustiva selecció, descripció i avaluació de cert conjunt de mètodes de processament d'imatges respecte a l'anàli...

  6. Production of income and energy using cattle excrete. Farming projects MDL; Produciendo ingresos y energia utilizando excretas pecuarias. Proyectos MDL agropecuarios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernan, Mateus [AGCERT, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    The Mexican Farming Sector has a great potential to help solve the worldwide problems caused by greenhouse effect gases (GEI). The Kyoto Protocol is an instrument created to reduce the greenhouse effect gases (GEI) and it also is the fundament of the AgCert project -which consists in applying own financial resources to develop technological options that contribute to the reduction of greenhouse effect gases in cattle productive facilities and to use the income to economically support the producers. In this document it is described the way in which the biodigestor was installed, demonstrating that the MDL for farming projects is a tool to reduce the discharges of greenhouse effect gases. It also demonstrates that technologies and processes can be applied systematically to reduce the emissions of the GEI, bringing along environmental and economic benefits. [Spanish] El Sector Agropecuario Mexicano tiene un gran potencial para ayudar a resolver los problemas mundiales causados por los gases de efecto invernadero (GEI). El protocolo de Kyoto es un instrumento creado para reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (GEI) y tambien es el fundamento del proyecto AgCert, el cual consiste en aplicar recursos financieros propios para desarrollar opciones tecnologicas que contribuyan a la reduccion de gases efecto invernadero en instalaciones productivas pecuarias y emplear los ingresos para apoyar economicamente a los productores. En este documento se describe la manera en que se llevo acabo la instalacion del biodigestor, demostrando que el MDL para proyectos agropecuarios es una herramienta para reducir emisiones de gases efecto invernadero, y que se pueden aplicar sistematicamente tecnologias y procesos que reduzcan las emisiones de los GEI, trayendo consigo beneficios ambientales y economico.

  7. El web 2.0 com a distòpia en la recent internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toni Cambra

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available El terme web 2.0 ha passat a formar part recentment del llenguatge associat a internet. De semàntica imprecisa, vol capturar un moment en l'esdevenir de la xarxa en què l'usuari se n'erigeix en element dinamitzador central en virtut d'un augment de la seua capacitat d'expressió, interacció i participació, afavorit per certes tecnologies de recent aparició. No obstant això, certes veus i autors es mostren crítics amb la deriva actual, a la qual acusen de portar aparellada tota una sèrie d'efectes que, lluny de considerar-se desitjables, qüestionarien la idoneïtat evolutiva de la mateixa internet. Expressions com aplanament cultural, culte a l'amateur o intel·ligència col·lectiva (entesa aquesta pejorativament s'amalgamen per a envoltar el terme web 2.0 d'una aurèola de ressonàncies distòpiques. En aquest article es vol relativitzar part dels arguments esgrimits que constituirien aquesta visió distòpica del web 2.0, en situar la reflexió sobre internet en un horitzó de discussió alternatiu que ens permeta comprendre el fenomen sense sucumbir al pessimisme que hi pareix subjaure, d'acord amb la visió de tals autors. Lluny de pressuposar-hi un telos al qual hauria d'obeir-ne el desenvolupament, es defén una comprensió d'internet com a camp pragmàtic d'experimentació, que es legitima en tant que "camí" i no com a "destí" de cap esdevenir implícit o esperable. Text complet (PDF

  8. Variations in area-level disadvantage of Australian registered fitness trainers usual training locations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason A. Bennie

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Leisure-time physical activity and strength training participation levels are low and socioeconomically distributed. Fitness trainers (e.g. gym/group instructors may have a role in increasing these participation levels. However, it is not known whether the training location and characteristics of Australian fitness trainers vary between areas that differ in socioeconomic status. Methods In 2014, a sample of 1,189 Australian trainers completed an online survey with questions about personal and fitness industry-related characteristics (e.g. qualifications, setting, and experience and postcode of their usual training location. The Australian Bureau of Statistics ‘Index of Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage’ (IRSD was matched to training location and used to assess where fitness professionals trained and whether their experience, qualification level and delivery methods differed by area-level disadvantage. Linear regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between IRSD score and selected characteristics adjusting for covariates (e.g. sex, age. Results Overall, 47 % of respondents worked in areas within the three least-disadvantaged deciles. In contrast, only 14.8 % worked in the three most-disadvantaged deciles. In adjusted regression models, fitness industry qualification was positively associated with a higher IRSD score (i.e. working in the least-disadvantaged areas (Cert III: ref; Cert IV β:13.44 [95 % CI 3.86-23.02]; Diploma β:15.77 [95 % CI: 2.17-29.37]; Undergraduate β:23.14 [95 % CI: 9.41-36.86]. Conclusions Fewer Australian fitness trainers work in areas with high levels of socioeconomic disadvantaged areas than in areas with low levels of disadvantage. A higher level of fitness industry qualifications was associated with working in areas with lower levels of disadvantage. Future research should explore the effectiveness of providing incentives that encourage more fitness trainers and those with

  9. Variations in area-level disadvantage of Australian registered fitness trainers usual training locations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennie, Jason A; Thornton, Lukar E; van Uffelen, Jannique G Z; Banting, Lauren K; Biddle, Stuart J H

    2016-07-11

    Leisure-time physical activity and strength training participation levels are low and socioeconomically distributed. Fitness trainers (e.g. gym/group instructors) may have a role in increasing these participation levels. However, it is not known whether the training location and characteristics of Australian fitness trainers vary between areas that differ in socioeconomic status. In 2014, a sample of 1,189 Australian trainers completed an online survey with questions about personal and fitness industry-related characteristics (e.g. qualifications, setting, and experience) and postcode of their usual training location. The Australian Bureau of Statistics 'Index of Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage' (IRSD) was matched to training location and used to assess where fitness professionals trained and whether their experience, qualification level and delivery methods differed by area-level disadvantage. Linear regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between IRSD score and selected characteristics adjusting for covariates (e.g. sex, age). Overall, 47 % of respondents worked in areas within the three least-disadvantaged deciles. In contrast, only 14.8 % worked in the three most-disadvantaged deciles. In adjusted regression models, fitness industry qualification was positively associated with a higher IRSD score (i.e. working in the least-disadvantaged areas) (Cert III: ref; Cert IV β:13.44 [95 % CI 3.86-23.02]; Diploma β:15.77 [95 % CI: 2.17-29.37]; Undergraduate β:23.14 [95 % CI: 9.41-36.86]). Fewer Australian fitness trainers work in areas with high levels of socioeconomic disadvantaged areas than in areas with low levels of disadvantage. A higher level of fitness industry qualifications was associated with working in areas with lower levels of disadvantage. Future research should explore the effectiveness of providing incentives that encourage more fitness trainers and those with higher qualifications to work in more socioeconomically

  10. Oxysterol-binding Protein Activation at Endoplasmic Reticulum-Golgi Contact Sites Reorganizes Phosphatidylinositol 4-Phosphate Pools*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goto, Asako; Charman, Mark; Ridgway, Neale D.

    2016-01-01

    Oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP) exchanges cholesterol and phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI-4P) at contact sites between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the trans-Golgi/trans-Golgi network. 25-Hydroxycholesterol (25OH) competitively inhibits this exchange reaction in vitro and causes the constitutive localization of OSBP at the ER/Golgi interface and PI-4P-dependent recruitment of ceramide transfer protein (CERT) for sphingomyelin synthesis. We used PI-4P probes and mass analysis to determine how OSBP controls the availability of PI-4P for this metabolic pathway. Treatment of fibroblasts or Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells with 25OH caused a 50–70% reduction in Golgi-associated immunoreactive PI-4P that correlated with Golgi localization of OSBP. In contrast, 25OH caused an OSBP-dependent enrichment in Golgi PI-4P that was detected with a pleckstrin homology domain probe. The cellular mass of phosphatidylinositol monophosphates and Golgi PI-4P measured with an unbiased PI-4P probe (P4M) was unaffected by 25OH and OSBP silencing, indicating that OSBP shifts the distribution of PI-4P upon localization to ER-Golgi contact sites. The PI-4P and sterol binding activities of OSBP were both required for 25OH activation of sphingomyelin synthesis, suggesting that 25OH must be exchanged for PI-4P to be concentrated at contact sites. We propose a model wherein 25OH activation of OSBP promotes the binding and retention of PI-4P at ER-Golgi contact sites. This pool of PI-4P specifically recruits pleckstrin homology domain-containing proteins involved in lipid transfer and metabolism, such as CERT. PMID:26601944

  11. Oxysterol-binding Protein Activation at Endoplasmic Reticulum-Golgi Contact Sites Reorganizes Phosphatidylinositol 4-Phosphate Pools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goto, Asako; Charman, Mark; Ridgway, Neale D

    2016-01-15

    Oxysterol-binding protein (OSBP) exchanges cholesterol and phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI-4P) at contact sites between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the trans-Golgi/trans-Golgi network. 25-Hydroxycholesterol (25OH) competitively inhibits this exchange reaction in vitro and causes the constitutive localization of OSBP at the ER/Golgi interface and PI-4P-dependent recruitment of ceramide transfer protein (CERT) for sphingomyelin synthesis. We used PI-4P probes and mass analysis to determine how OSBP controls the availability of PI-4P for this metabolic pathway. Treatment of fibroblasts or Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells with 25OH caused a 50-70% reduction in Golgi-associated immunoreactive PI-4P that correlated with Golgi localization of OSBP. In contrast, 25OH caused an OSBP-dependent enrichment in Golgi PI-4P that was detected with a pleckstrin homology domain probe. The cellular mass of phosphatidylinositol monophosphates and Golgi PI-4P measured with an unbiased PI-4P probe (P4M) was unaffected by 25OH and OSBP silencing, indicating that OSBP shifts the distribution of PI-4P upon localization to ER-Golgi contact sites. The PI-4P and sterol binding activities of OSBP were both required for 25OH activation of sphingomyelin synthesis, suggesting that 25OH must be exchanged for PI-4P to be concentrated at contact sites. We propose a model wherein 25OH activation of OSBP promotes the binding and retention of PI-4P at ER-Golgi contact sites. This pool of PI-4P specifically recruits pleckstrin homology domain-containing proteins involved in lipid transfer and metabolism, such as CERT. © 2016 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  12. Role of Intracellular Lipid Logistics in the Preferential Usage of Very Long Chain-Ceramides in Glucosylceramide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toshiyuki Yamaji

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Ceramide is a common precursor of sphingomyelin (SM and glycosphingolipids (GSLs in mammalian cells. Ceramide synthase 2 (CERS2, one of the six ceramide synthase isoforms, is responsible for the synthesis of very long chain fatty acid (C20–26 fatty acids (VLC-containing ceramides (VLC-Cer. It is known that the proportion of VLC species in GSLs is higher than that in SM. To address the mechanism of the VLC-preference of GSLs, we used genome editing to establish three HeLa cell mutants that expressed different amounts of CERS2 and compared the acyl chain lengths of SM and GSLs by metabolic labeling experiments. VLC-sphingolipid expression was increased along with that of CERS2, and the proportion of VLC species in glucosylceramide (GlcCer was higher than that in SM for all expression levels of CERS2. This higher proportion was still maintained even when the proportion of C16-Cer to the total ceramides was increased by disrupting the ceramide transport protein (CERT-dependent C16-Cer delivery pathway for SM synthesis. On the other hand, merging the Golgi apparatus and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER by Brefeldin A decreased the proportion of VLC species in GlcCer probably due to higher accessibility of UDP-glucose ceramide glucosyltransferase (UGCG to C16-rich ceramides. These results suggest the existence of a yet-to-be-identified mechanism rendering VLC-Cer more accessible than C16-Cer to UGCG, which is independent of CERT.

  13. The role of time-dependent deformation in intergranular crack initiation of alloy 600 steam generator tubing material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Was, G.S.; Lian, K.

    1998-03-01

    Intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) of two commercial alloy 600 conditions (600LT, 600HT) and controlled- purity Ni-18Cr-9Fe alloys (CDMA, CDTT) were investigated using constant extension rate tensile (CERT) tests in primary water (0.01M LiOH+0.01M H 3 BO 3 ) with 1 bar hydrogen overpressure at 360 degrees C and 320 degrees C. Heat treatments produced two types of microstructures in both commercial and controlled-purity alloys: one dominated by grain boundary carbides (600HT and CDTT) and one dominated by intragranular carbides (600LT and CDMA). CERT tests were conducted over a range of strain rates and at two temperatures with interruptions at specific strains to determine the crack depth distributions. Results show that in all samples, IGSCC was the dominant failure mode. For both the commercial alloy and the controlled-purity alloys, the microstructure with grain boundary carbides showed delayed crack initiation and shallower crack depths than did the intragranular carbide microstructure under all experimental conditions. This data indicates that a grain boundary carbide microstructure is more resistant to IGSCC than an intragranular carbide microstructure. Observations support both the film rupture/slip dissolution mechanism and enhanced localized plasticity. The advantage of these results over previous studies is that the different carbide distributions were obtained in the same commercial alloy using different heat treatments, and in the other case, in nearly identical controlled-purity alloys. Therefore, observations of the effects of carbide distribution on IGSCC can more confidently be attributed to the carbide distribution alone rather than other potentially significant differences in microstructure or composition

  14. Comparative study of radiometric and calorimetric methods for total hemispherical emissivity measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monchau, Jean-Pierre; Hameury, Jacques; Ausset, Patrick; Hay, Bruno; Ibos, Laurent; Candau, Yves

    2018-05-01

    Accurate knowledge of infrared emissivity is important in applications such as surface temperature measurements by infrared thermography or thermal balance for building walls. A comparison of total hemispherical emissivity measurement was performed by two laboratories: the Laboratoire National de Métrologie et d'Essais (LNE) and the Centre d'Études et de Recherche en Thermique, Environnement et Systèmes (CERTES). Both laboratories performed emissivity measurements on four samples, chosen to cover a large range of emissivity values and angular reflectance behaviors. The samples were polished aluminum (highly specular, low emissivity), bulk PVC (slightly specular, high emissivity), sandblasted aluminum (diffuse surface, medium emissivity), and aluminum paint (slightly specular surface, medium emissivity). Results obtained using five measurement techniques were compared. LNE used a calorimetric method for direct total hemispherical emissivity measurement [1], an absolute reflectometric measurement method [2], and a relative reflectometric measurement method. CERTES used two total hemispherical directional reflectometric measurement methods [3, 4]. For indirect techniques by reflectance measurements, the total hemispherical emissivity values were calculated from directional hemispherical reflectance measurement results using spectral integration when required and directional to hemispherical extrapolation. Results were compared, taking into account measurement uncertainties; an added uncertainty was introduced to account for heterogeneity over the surfaces of the samples and between samples. All techniques gave large relative uncertainties for a low emissive and very specular material (polished aluminum), and results were quite scattered. All the indirect techniques by reflectance measurement gave results within ±0.01 for a high emissivity material. A commercial aluminum paint appears to be a good candidate for producing samples with medium level of emissivity

  15. Meaningful Use of Electronic Health Records: Experiences From the Field and Future Opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slight, Sarah Patricia; Berner, Eta S; Galanter, William; Huff, Stanley; Lambert, Bruce L; Lannon, Carole; Lehmann, Christoph U; McCourt, Brian J; McNamara, Michael; Menachemi, Nir; Payne, Thomas H; Spooner, S Andrew; Schiff, Gordon D; Wang, Tracy Y; Akincigil, Ayse; Crystal, Stephen; Fortmann, Stephen P; Bates, David W

    2015-09-18

    With the aim of improving health care processes through health information technology (HIT), the US government has promulgated requirements for "meaningful use" (MU) of electronic health records (EHRs) as a condition for providers receiving financial incentives for the adoption and use of these systems. Considerable uncertainty remains about the impact of these requirements on the effective application of EHR systems. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)-sponsored Centers for Education and Research in Therapeutics (CERTs) critically examined the impact of the MU policy relating to the use of medications and jointly developed recommendations to help inform future HIT policy. We gathered perspectives from a wide range of stakeholders (N=35) who had experience with MU requirements, including academicians, practitioners, and policy makers from different health care organizations including and beyond the CERTs. Specific issues and recommendations were discussed and agreed on as a group. Stakeholders' knowledge and experiences from implementing MU requirements fell into 6 domains: (1) accuracy of medication lists and medication reconciliation, (2) problem list accuracy and the shift in HIT priorities, (3) accuracy of allergy lists and allergy-related standards development, (4) support of safer and effective prescribing for children, (5) considerations for rural communities, and (6) general issues with achieving MU. Standards are needed to better facilitate the exchange of data elements between health care settings. Several organizations felt that their preoccupation with fulfilling MU requirements stifled innovation. Greater emphasis should be placed on local HIT configurations that better address population health care needs. Although MU has stimulated adoption of EHRs, its effects on quality and safety remain uncertain. Stakeholders felt that MU requirements should be more flexible and recognize that integrated models may achieve information

  16. Indigenous Health Workforce Development: challenges and successes of the Vision 20:20 programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Elana; Reid, Papaarangi

    2013-01-01

    There are significant health workforce inequities that exist internationally. The shortage of indigenous health professionals within Australia and New Zealand requires action across multiple sectors, including health and education. This article outlines the successes and challenges of the University of Auckland's Vision 20:20 programme, which aims to improve indigenous Māori and Pacific health workforce development via recruitment, bridging/foundation and tertiary retention support interventions within the Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences (FMHS). Seven years of student data (2005-2011) are presented for undergraduate Student Pass Rate (SPR) by ethnicity and Certificate in Health Sciences (CertHSc) SPR, enrolments and completions by ethnicity. Four key areas of development are described: (i) student selection and pathway planning; (ii) foundation programme refinement; (iii) academic/pastoral support; and (iv) re-development of the indigenous recruitment model. Key programme developments have had a positive impact on basic student data outcomes. The FMHS undergraduate SPR increased from 89% in 2005 to 94% in 2011 for Māori and from 81% in 2005 to 87% in 2011 for Pacific. The CertHSc SPR increased from 52% in 2005 to 92% in 2011 with a greater proportion of Māori and Pacific enrolments achieving completion over time (18-76% for Māori and 29-74% for Pacific). Tertiary institutions have the potential to make an important contribution to indigenous health workforce development. Key challenges remain including secondary school feeder issues, equity funding, programme evaluation, post-tertiary specialist workforce development and retention in Aotearoa, New Zealand. © 2012 The Authors. ANZ Journal of Surgery © 2012 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  17. A tertiary approach to improving equity in health: quantitative analysis of the Māori and Pacific Admission Scheme (MAPAS) process, 2008-2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Elana; Wikaire, Erena; Jiang, Yannan; McMillan, Louise; Loto, Rob; Airini; Reid, Papaarangi

    2015-01-20

    Achieving health equity for indigenous and ethnic minority populations requires the development of an ethnically diverse health workforce. This study explores a tertiary admission programme targeting Māori and Pacific applicants to nursing, pharmacy and health sciences (a precursor to medicine) at the University of Auckland (UoA), Aotearoa New Zealand (NZ). Application of cognitive and non-cognitive selection tools, including a Multiple Mini Interview (MMI), are examined. Indigenous Kaupapa Māori methodology guided analysis of the Māori and Pacific Admission Scheme (MAPAS) for the years 2008-2012. Multiple logistic regression models were used to identify the predicted effect of admission variables on the final MAPAS recommendation of best starting point for success in health professional study i.e. 'CertHSc' (Certificate in Health Sciences, bridging/foundation), 'Bachelor' (degree-level) or 'Not FMHS' (Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences). Regression analyses controlled for interview year, gender and ancestry. Of the 918 MAPAS interviewees: 35% (319) were Māori, 58% (530) Pacific, 7% (68) Māori/Pacific; 71% (653) school leavers; 72% (662) females. The average rank score was 167/320, 40-80 credits below guaranteed FMHS degree offers. Just under half of all interviewees were recommended 'CertHSc' 47% (428), 13% (117) 'Bachelor' and 38% (332) 'Not FMHS' as the best starting point. Strong associations were identified between Bachelor recommendation and exposure to Any 2 Sciences (OR:7.897, CI:3.855-16.175; p workforce development. The application of the MMI within an equity and indigenous cultural context can support a holistic assessment of an applicant's potential to succeed within tertiary study. The new MAPAS admissions process may provide an exemplar for other tertiary institutions looking to widen participation via equity-targeted admission processes.

  18. Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal; Lai, Judy; Coffey, Brian; Aki, Hirohisa

    2009-03-10

    Berkeley Lab has for several years been developing methods for selection of optimal microgrid systems, especially for commercial building applications, and applying these methods in the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). This project began with 3 major goals: (1) to conduct detailed analysis to find the optimal equipment combination for microgrids at a few promising commercial building hosts in the two favorable markets of California and New York, (2) to extend the analysis capability of DER-CAM to include both heat and electricity storage, and (3) to make an initial effort towards adding consideration of power quality and reliability (PQR) to the capabilities of DER-CAM. All of these objectives have been pursued via analysis of the attractiveness of a Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) Microgrid consisting of multiple nameplate 100 kW Tecogen Premium Power Modules (CM-100). This unit consists of an asynchronous inverter-based variable speed internal combustion engine genset with combined heat and power (CHP) and power surge capability. The essence of CERTS Microgrid technology is that smarts added to the on-board power electronics of any microgrid device enables stable and safe islanded operation without the need for complex fast supervisory controls. This approach allows plug and play development of a microgrid that can potentially provide high PQR with a minimum of specialized site-specific engineering. A notable feature of the CM-100 is its time-limited surge rating of 125 kW, and DER-CAM capability to model this feature was also a necessary model enhancement.

  19. Assessing repetitive negative thinking using categorical and transdiagnostic approaches: A comparison and validation of three Polish language adaptations of self-report questionnaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika eKornacka

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Repetitive negative thinking (RNT is a transdiagnostic process involved in the risk, maintenance, and relapse of serious conditions including mood disorders, anxiety, eating disorders, and addictions. Processing mode theory provides a theoretical model to assess, research, and treat RNT using a transdiagnostic approach. Clinical researchers also often employ categorical approaches to RNT, including a focus on depressive rumination or worry, for similar purposes. Three widely used self-report questionnaires have been developed to assess these related constructs: the Ruminative Response Scale (RRT, the Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ, and the Mini-Cambridge Exeter Repetitive Thought Scale (Mini-CERTS. Yet these scales have not previously been used in conjunction, despite useful theoretical distinctions only available in Mini-CERTS. The present validation of the methods in a Polish speaking population provides psychometric parameters estimates that contribute to current efforts to increase reliable replication of theoretical outcomes. Moreover, the following study aims to present particular characteristics and a comparison of the three methods. Although there has been some exploration of the categorical approach, the comparison of transdiagnostic methods is still lacking. These methods are particularly relevant for developing and evaluating theoretically based interventions like concreteness training, an emerging field of increasing interest, which can be used to address the maladaptive processing mode in RNT that can lead to depression and other disorders. Furthermore, the translation of these measures enables the examination of possible cross-cultural structural differences that may lead to important theoretical progress in the measurement and classification of RNT. The results support the theoretical hypothesis. As expected, the dimensions of brooding, general Repetitive Negative Thinking and Abstract Analytic Thinking, can all be

  20. Final Report to the National Energy Technology Laboratory on FY14- FY15 Cooperative Research with the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vittal, Vijay [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States); Lampis, Anna Rosa [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)

    2018-01-16

    The Power System Engineering Research Center (PSERC) engages in technological, market, and policy research for an efficient, secure, resilient, adaptable, and economic U.S. electric power system. PSERC, as a founding partner of the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS), conducted a multi-year program of research for U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) to develop new methods, tools, and technologies to protect and enhance the reliability and efficiency of the U.S. electric power system as competitive electricity market structures evolve, and as the grid moves toward wide-scale use of decentralized generation (such as renewable energy sources) and demand-response programs. Phase I of OE’s funding for PSERC, under cooperative agreement DE-FC26-09NT43321, started in fiscal year (FY) 2009 and ended in FY2013. It was administered by DOE’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) through a cooperative agreement with Arizona State University (ASU). ASU provided sub-awards to the participating PSERC universities. This document is PSERC’s final report to NETL on the activities for OE, conducted through CERTS, from September 2015 through September 2017 utilizing FY 2014 to FY 2015 funding under cooperative agreement DE-OE0000670. PSERC is a thirteen-university consortium with over 30 industry members. Since 1996, PSERC has been engaged in research and education efforts with the mission of “empowering minds to engineer the future electric energy system.” Its work is focused on achieving: • An efficient, secure, resilient, adaptable, and economic electric power infrastructure serving society • A new generation of educated technical professionals in electric power • Knowledgeable decision-makers on critical energy policy issues • Sustained, quality university programs in electric power engineering. PSERC core research is funded by industry, with a budget supporting

  1. YENİ SANAYİ DEVRİMİ ENDÜSTRİ 4.0 ÜZERİNE BİR İNCELEME

    OpenAIRE

    PAMUK, Nurten Sinem; SOYSAL, Mehmet

    2018-01-01

    Bu araştırmada, Dördüncü Sanayi Devrimi olarak ifadeedilen Endüstri 4.0 kavramı üzerinde durulmuştur. Endüstriyel devrimlerintarihsel akışı göz önünde bulundurularak Endüstri 4.0 kavramı tartışılmış vesöz konusu Dördüncü Sanayi Devrimi’nin başarıya ulaşmasında önemli kaynakolarak kullanılan nesnelerin interneti, siber-fiziksel sistem, büyük veri, verianalitiği ve akıllı fabrikalar hakkında kısaca bilgiler verilmiştir. Sonrasında,üretim dünyasında ve gündelik hayatta Endüstri 4.0 uygulamaların...

  2. Eesti õpetajate roll laste internetikasutuse sotsiaalses vahendamises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadri Soo

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Õpetajatel on oluline roll laste ettevalmistamisel internetimaailmas toimetulekuks. Artiklis analüüsitakse Eesti õpetajate tegevust 9–16aastaste laste internetikasutuse sotsiaalses vahendamises, mille mõõtmiseks kasutati kaheksat tunnust EU Kids Online’i uuringust. Tulemused näitavad, et enamik Eesti õpetajatest on õpilaste internetikasutust sotsiaalselt vahendanud: üksnes 13% lastest ei suutnud meenutada, et nad oleks õpetajatelt kunagi juhiseid või informatsiooni saanud. Peamised erinevused Eesti õpetajate tegevuses ilmnesid keele ja asula suuruse puhul. Uuring lubab väita, et eesti keelt rääkivate ja väikestest asulatest pärit laste õpetajad vahendavad laste internetitegevusi aktiivsemalt ja mitmekülgsemalt ning pakuvad internetiohtude korral rohkem nõuandeid. See, kuidas on õpetajate tegevus ja laste kokkupuude internetiohtudega omavahel seotud, erineb vanuseja keelerühmiti. Internetis kahju kogemine ei ole seotud õpetajatepoolse sotsiaalse vahendamisega.  Summary

  3. Ökoloogilised vaatenurgad ja laste internetikasutus: sissevaade mikro- ja makrotasandi analüüsi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian O’Neill

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Igivanad arutelud, milles käsitletakse laste kokkupuudet meediatehnoloogiaga, toovad kommunikatsiooni ja meediauuringute suunal esile erimeelsusi ja vaidlusi põhjustanud pikaajalise traditsiooni. Olgugi et meediatarbimise mõju lastele on uuritud juba ringhäälingu algusaegadest peale, on selle üle endiselt vähe teoretiseeritud ja seda on kirjanduses harva käsitletud, samuti on see meediapoliitika debattides pälvinud vaid vähest mõistmist. Laste ja internetiuuringute puhul on vanad vaidlused süvenenud. Lähtudes ühelt poolt hoiatavatest teadetest riskide, ülemäärase arvutikasutuse ja selle kahjuliku mõju kohta ning teiselt poolt kiidu laulust "digimaailma päriselanikele" ja tehnoloogia võimele muuta maailma, seadis EU Kids Online endale eesmärgiks koguda andmeid, mis aitavad luua terviklikumat pilti veebikeskkonnast, milles noored tegutsevad. Siinses artiklis paigutan selle valdkonna tööd ökoloogilisse raamistikku, lähtudes nii Bronfenbrenneri bioökoloogilisest käsitlusviisist, mis on olnud tähtsal kohal uutes lapsepõlve sotsioloogilistes käsitlustes, kui ka üldisemalt defineeritud meediaökoloogia teoreetilisest raamistikust. Viimast seostatakse peamiselt McLuhani ja hiljem Postmani töödega, kus kirjeldatakse meediakeskkonda kui keerulise vastastikuse mõjutamise süsteemi tehnoloogia ja ühiskonna vahel, kus mitmesugused suhtlusviisid ja vahendatud vastastikune mõjutamine kujundavad oluliselt inimkäitumist ja ühiskondlikku elu. Selline vaatenurk on mõningate põletavate probleemidega tegelemisel väga vajalik, kui kõne all on teadusuuringutel põhinev poliitikakujundamine, mis on seotud interneti haldamise ja reguleerimisega ning noorte kaitsmisega internetikeskkonnas.  Full text

  4. Stress corrosion crack growth studies on nitrogen added AISI type 316 stainless steel and its weld metal in boiling acidified sodium chloride solution using the fracture mechanics approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shaikh, H.; George, G.; Khatak, H.S. [Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam (India). Div. of Metallurgy; Schneider, F.; Mummert, K. [Institut fuer Festkoerper- und Werkstofforschung Dresden e.V. (Germany). Inst. fuer Metallische Werkstoffe

    2000-10-01

    Compact tension specimens of nitrogen-added AISI type 316 austenitic stainless steel and its weld metal were subject to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) testing in a boiling solution containing 5 M sodium chloride + 0.15 M sodium sulphate + 2.5 ml/l hydrochloric acid solution using the constant extension rate testing (CERT) technique. The extension rate of testing was 10 microns per hour. The threshold values of stress intensify factor (K{sub ISCC}) and J-integral (J{sub ISCC}) were taken as those values of K{sub I} and J{sub I} at which about 25 microns of SCC crack growth was observed. These threshold values were about four times higher and plateau crack growth rates (PCGR) were nearly one order of magnitude lower for the base metal vis-a-vis the weld metal. Fractographic observations indicated failure by transgranular SCC (TGSCC) of austenite in both the base and weld metal. No stress-assisted dissolution of delta-ferrite or its interface with austenite, was observed. (orig.) [German] CT-Proben von Grund- und Schweissnahtwerkstoff des stickstoffhaltigen Stahles AISI 316 LN wurden Spannungsrisskorrosionstests in siedender chloridhaltiger Loesung (5 M Natriumchlorid/0,15 M Natriumsulfat/0,03 M Salzsaeure) unterzogen. Die Tests erfolgten bei konstanter Dehnrate (CERT-Test) von 10 {mu}m/h. Als Schwellwerte der Initiierung von Spannungsrisskorrosion K{sub ISCC} und I{sub ISCC} wurden die Werte des Spannungsintensitaetsfaktors K{sub I} und des J-Integrals J{sub I} ermittelt, bei denen ein Risswachstum von 25 {mu}m auftrat. Dabei wies der Grundwerkstoff 4-fach hoehere Schwellwerte K{sub ISCC} und J{sub ISCC} auf als der Schweissnahtwerkstoff. Auch die Risswachstumsraten im Plateaubereich der Risswachstumsrate-Spannungsintensitaetskruven waren am Grundwerkstoff um eine Groessenordnung geringer als am Schweissnahtwerkstoff. Die fraktorgrahischen Untersuchungen zeigten an beiden Materialien Schaedigung durch transkristalline Spannungsrisskorrosion. Eine

  5. Estudio de corrosión bajo tensión en los aceros inoxidables 17-4PH y 17-7PH en presencia de NaCl y NaOH (20 % a 90 °C

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaona-Tiburcio, Citlalli

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the problems that affects to the electric industry is the not programmed stoppages in the power plants, due to the failure of any main component: boiler, turbine and generator. In the turbine, the combined action of a corrosive agent (humid polluted vapor and a mechanical effort generally will result in Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC. In this work the SCC susceptibility of the precipitation hardening stainless steels 17-4PH and 17- 7PH, thoroughly used in steam turbine blades of power stations is analyzed. The specimens were tested in the presence of NaCl and NaOH (20 % to 90 °C and different pH. The CERT test (Constant Extension Rate Test was used, at 10-6 s-1 supplementing it with electrochemical noise; the aim was to identify the conditions of maximum susceptibility and the performance of the studied materials. The fractographic analysis revealed ductile and brittle fracture. Intergranular crackings, characteristic of the anodic dissolution mechanism of the material was observed. Nevertheless, the main mechanism responsible the failure was hydrogen embrittlement.

    Uno de los problemas que afecta a la industria eléctrica es el de los paros no programados en las plantas generadoras de electricidad, debidos al fallo de algún componente principal: caldera, turbina y generador. En la turbina, la acción combinada de un agente corrosivo (vapor húmedo contaminado y un esfuerzo mecánico, generalmente provocará corrosión bajo tensión (CBT. En este trabajo se analiza la susceptibilidad a la CBT de los aceros inoxidables, endurecibles por precipitación, 17-4PH y 17-7PH, ampliamente usados en alabes de turbina de vapor de centrales termoeléctricas. Las muestras se ensayaron en presencia de NaCl y NaOH (20 % a 90 °C, y distintos valores de pH. Se empleó el ensayo CERT (Constant Extensión Rate Test, a velocidades de 10-6 s-1, complementándolo con ruido electroquímico, buscando

  6. Correlation between HLA haplotypes and the development of antidrug antibodies in a cohort of patients with rheumatic diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benucci M

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Maurizio Benucci,1 Arianna Damiani,1 Francesca Li Gobbi,1 Francesca Bandinelli,1 Maria Infantino,2 Valentina Grossi,2 Mariangela Manfredi,2 Guillaume Noguier,3 Francesca Meacci2 1Rheumatology Unit, 2Immunology and Allergology Laboratory Unit, USL-Toscana Centro, Hospital S. Giovanni di Dio, Florence, Italy; 3Theradiag, Croissy Beaubourg, France Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between human leukocyte antigen (HLA haplotypes and the development of antidrug antibodies (ADAs in a cohort of patients with rheumatic diseases.Patients and methods: We evaluated the presence of ADAs in 248 patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases after 6 months of treatment with anti-TNF drugs: 26 patients were treated with infliximab (IFX; three with rheumatoid arthritis [RA], 13 with ankylosing spondylitis [AS], 10 with psoriatic arthritis [PsA]; 83 treated with adalimumab (ADA; 24 with RA, 36 with AS, 23 with PsA; 88 treated with etanercept (ETA; 35 with RA, 27 with AS, 26 with PsA; 32 treated with certolizumab (CERT; 25 with RA, two with AS, five with PsA; and 19 treated with golimumab (GOL; three with RA, seven with AS, nine with PsA. Serum drug and ADA levels were determined using Lisa-Tracker Duo, the ADA-positive samples underwent an inhibition test, and the true-positive samples underwent genetic HLA typing. To have a homogeneous control population, we also performed genetic HLA typing of 11 ADA-negative patients.Results: After inhibition test, the frequency of ADAs was 2/26 patients treated with IFX (7.69%, 4/83 treated with ADA (4.81%, 0/88 treated with ETA (0%, 4/32 treated with CERT (12.5%, and 1/19 treated with GOL (5.26%. The frequency of HLA alleles in the examined patients was HLA-DRβ-11 0.636, HLA-DQ-03 0.636, and HLA-DQ-05 0.727. The estimated relative risks between the ADA-positive patients and the ADA-negative patients were HLA-DRβ-11 2.528 (95% CI 0.336–19.036, HLA-DQ-03 1.750 (95% CI 0.289–10

  7. BWR water chemistry impurity studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ljungberg, L.G.; Korhonen, S.; Renstroem, K.; Hofling, C.G.; Rebensdorff, B.

    1990-03-01

    Laboratory studies were made on the effect of water impurities on environmental cracking in simulated BWR water of stainless steel, low alloy steel and nickel-base alloys. Constant elongation rate tensile (CERT) tests were run in simulated normal water chemistry (NWC), hydrogen water chemistry (HWC), or start-up environment. Sulfate, chloride and copper with chloride added to the water at levels of a fraction of a ppM were found to be extremely deleterious to all kinds of materials except Type 316 NG. Other detrimental impurities were fluoride, silica and some organic acids, although acetic acid was beneficial. Nitrate and carbon dioxide were fairly inoccuous. Corrosion fatigue and constant load tests on compact tension specimens were run in simulated normal BWR water chemistry (NWC) or hydrogen water chemistry (HWC), without impurities or with added sulfate or carbon dioxide. For sensitized Type 304 SS in NWC, 0.1 ppM sulfate increased crack propagation rates in constant load tests by up to a factor of 100, and in fatigue tests up to a factor of 10. Also, cracking in Type 316 nuclear grade SS and Alloy 600 was enhanced, but to a smaller degree. Carbon dioxide was less detrimental than sulfate. 3 figs., 4 tabs

  8. eBook: Temps líquids per a les biblioteques públiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Soriano, Emili

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Què fem amb els llibres electrònics?, és la pregunta que s’estan plantejant molts bibliotecaris mentre assisteixen perplexos a una competició frenètica sobre la distribucióde continguts digitals i a la cursa accelerada de les empreses tecnològiques per presentar dispositius de lectura electrònica amb més prestacions.La resposta no és senzilla, per això, les biblioteques públiques contemplen aquesta nova realitat amb un cert neguit, i alhora, com un nou repte per continuar sent una institució cultural central en la vida de les persones posicionant-se i adaptant els serveis i els continguts a les noves demandes dels usuaris, tenint present que, a dia de hui, el món digital i el món imprès no són excloents sinó complementaris.El present article intenta analitzar aquesta nova realitat i planteja algunes de les accions a adoptar per part de les biblioteques públiques amb les incerteses pròpies dels “tempslíquids” que travessa la nostra societat.

  9. Effects of Aging on the Localized and Stress Corrosion of AlLi 2090 Alloy in Deaerated 3.5% NaCl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Hee San; Suh, Min Suk; Kwon, Hyuk Sang; Lee, Weung Jo

    1995-01-01

    Effects of aging on the localized and stress corrosion of AlLi 2090 alloy were investigated by measuring relevant critical potentials using cyclic polarization test and constant extention rate test (CERT) in a deaerated 3.5% NaCl solution at 30 .deg. C. The resistance to localized corrosion, when evaluated in terms of the film breakdown potential (E b ) and repassivation potential (E rp ) from cyclic polarization curve measured potentiodynamically, decreased with aging. Pitting corrosion initiated at Al-Fe-Cu particles, which was confirmed by the enrichment of Fe and Cu inside of pit. Stress corrosion cracking of 2090 alloy aged did not occur under freely corroding condition when load applied in longitudinal transverse direction. The susceptibility to SCC of the alloy, however, was very sensitive to applied potentials. At applied potentials above E b , the SCC susceptibility increased with applied potential. On the other hand, at potentials below E rp , the SCC susceptibility decreased with decreasing the applied potential. The critical cracking potential (E cc ) of aged 2090 alloy was found to exist between E b and E rp when SCC was assumed to occur at the strain to failure ratio (ε NaCl /ε air ) lower than 0.8. The resistance to SCC decreased in the order of underaging, peak aging and overaging, that is, with aging. The cracking mechanism of the alloy was well explained by the active path mechanism

  10. Susceptibility to stress corrosion in stainless steels type AISI 321 and 12X18H10T used in PWR type reactors (WWER)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Matadamas C, N.

    1995-01-01

    Titanium stabilized stainless steels have been utilized in sovietic pressurized water reactors (VVER) for avoid the susceptibility to Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) present in other austenitic stainless steels. However the Intergranular Corrosion resistance of this kind of materials has been questioned because of Intergranular Stress Corrosion Cracking failures (IGSCC) have been reported. This paper study the electrochemical behavior of the AISI 321 stainless steel in a H 3 BO 3 Solution contaminated with chlorides and its susceptibility to Intergranular Corrosion.Electrochemical prediction diagrams of the stainless steels AISI 321 and 12X18H10T (sovietic) sensitized (600 Centigrade, 3 h.) were compared. Cylindrical and conical samples were used in Slow Strain Rate Tests (SSRT), to determine the susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) in AISI 321 and 12X18H10T stainless steels. The results obtained showed that the temperature of the solution is a very important factor to detect this susceptibility. Fractography studies on the fracture surfaces of the samples obtained in the SSRT at high temperature were realized. Corrosion velocities of both AISI 321 and 12X18H10T stainless steels were determined using conical samples in the CERT system at high temperature. E.D.A.X. analysis was employed in both AISI 321 and 12X18H10T stainless steels in order to explain the degree of sensitization. (Author)

  11. Corrosion behaviour of material no. 1. 4539 and nickel based alloys in gas waters. Korrosionsverhalten des Werkstoffs 1. 4539 und von Nickelbasis-Legierungen in Gaswaessern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rolle, D [Didier Saeurebau GmbH, Koenigswinter (Germany); Buehler, H E [Didier-Werke AG, Anlagentechnik, Wiesbaden (Germany); Kalfa, H

    1993-01-01

    Laboratory tests with synthetic gas waters containing the gases ammonia, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulphide and hydrogen cyanide were carried out in order to examine the influence of medium components on the corrosion of material No. 1.4539 and nickel based alloys Hastelloy C-4, C-22 and C-276. Hydrogen sulfide was identified as the decisive component for corrosion. For stainless steel corrosion rates of about 2 mm.a[sup -1] were already found at 50deg C in a critical pH-range with sulfide concentrations > 2%. As cyanide stimulates corrosion by dissolving sulfide surface layers by complexation of the iron ions, an increased material loss rate per unit area was found in the critical range with increasing cyanide concentration. The much more stable nickel based alloys only revealed considerable weight losses after being exposed in the autoclave at 100deg C. The graduation of the loss rates C-22 > C-4 > C-276 can be explained by the different contents of high grade alloy elements. The testing of nickel based alloys of the Hastelloy type and of material No. 1.4539 and 1.4571 by means of the dynamic tensile test (CERT-method) revealed no risks of stress corrosion cracking in the tested media. (orig.).

  12. The UK fuel poverty strategy: 5th annual progress report 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-12-01

    This fifth annual progress report details government progress in 2007 in tackling fuel poverty and movement towards targets. The United Kingdom were the first country in the world to recognise the issue of fuel poverty and to put in place measures to tackle the issue, including spending 20 billion pounds sterling on benefits and programmes since the year 2000. The report covers progress to date, schemes and initiatives to tackle fuel poverty, the energy market and looks ahead to the future. Progress and development of the schemes across the devolved nations are also considered. This report is the first to publish the Government's proposals for the Carbon Emissions Reduction Target (CERT) priority group, which were laid before Parliament on 5th December 2007. This report is the first to present the fuel poverty figures for 2005, and shows the effects of rising energy prices. The Government continues to take action to ensure that the energy market is working properly, and to encourage reform in the EU on energy market liberalisation - this should reduce pressure on prices. Those in fuel poverty have much to gain by switching supplier and this report outlines the action taken by Ofgem and Energywatch to encourage this

  13. De Pythagore à Einstein, tout est nombre la relativité générale, 25 siècles d'histoire

    CERN Document Server

    Deruelle, Nathalie

    2015-01-01

    La théorie d'Einstein de la gravitation, plus connue sous le nom de relativité générale, a maintenant 100 ans. Pour comprendre pourquoi elle supplanta la loi de Newton de l'attraction universelle, pour appréhender le changement profond qu'elle a apporté à notre perception de l'espace et du temps, bref, pour en montrer toute la grandeur, cet ouvrage remonte à la révolution scientifique du 17e siècle, qui elle-même résulte des blocages auxquels se heurtait la science d'alors, héritée des Grecs. Ce livre met l'accent sur les liens profonds qui unissent physique et mathématiques. Il met en valeur la puissance créatrice de quelques géants de la science qui, guidés certes par l'observation et l'expérience, posent néanmoins librement des hypothèses, bâtissent des théories, les élaguent, créant ainsi une trame du réel, une « réalité physique » qui trace des chemins intelligibles dans la forêt des phénomènes. Il suit donc un fil directeur qui parcourt la science depuis 2 500 ans, à sa...

  14. L'ordine del mondo le simmetrie in fisica da Aristotele a Higgs

    CERN Document Server

    Barone, Vincenzo

    2013-01-01

    Il mondo ci appare come una lunga serie di contingenze locali: ogni fatto accade per ragioni sue e quindi ogni previsione relativa al fatto successivo sembra azzardata. C'è però un altro modo di guardare il mondo, ed è quello fondato sulle regolarità intrinseche, sulle trame ordinate della sua tessitura sottile. In fisica il discorso sulla struttura del mondo giunge a noi addirittura da Anassimandro, ma è con Einstein che si fa strada prepotentemente l'idea di necessità, o di inevitabilità, nel mondo fisico. È con la relatività ristretta, nel 1905, che per la prima volta entra a far parte della fisica il concetto di simmetria come elemento fondamentale della spiegazione del mondo. Da Einstein in poi, il mondo apparirà dotato di una sua struttura intrinseca, che permette lo sviluppo di certe regolarità, mentre ne nega altre, proprio come avviene nel "Castello dei destini incrociati" di Italo Calvino, dove il gioco di incroci tra le storie raccontate dai tarocchi permette alcuni sviluppi narrativi e ...

  15. ¿Por qué llamarlo fotografía?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Calabrese Castro

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años, los resultados de una serie de concursos fotográficos generaron debates en torno a las posibilidades y los límites de la fotografía digital. Los trabajos premiados en estos certámenes evidencian y reconocen la gran incidencia del cambio tecnológico (de lo analógico a lo digital y problematizan la idea de la foto como huella, testimonio o prueba, de la existencia física de lo fotografiado y del fotógrafo situado en el lugar de los hechos. ¿Puede un fotógrafo ganar una mención en el más importante concurso de fotoperiodismo gracias a una serie de imágenes tomadas de Google? ¿Se puede obtener un primer premio de fotografía con imágenes que son errores de un escáner? ¿Y con fotos tomadas de Internet? ¿Qué puede ser considerado fotografía en la actualidad? ¿Podemos llamar a esto fotografía o deberíamos inventar otro nombre?

  16. The HACMS program: using formal methods to eliminate exploitable bugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Kathleen; Launchbury, John; Richards, Raymond

    2017-10-13

    For decades, formal methods have offered the promise of verified software that does not have exploitable bugs. Until recently, however, it has not been possible to verify software of sufficient complexity to be useful. Recently, that situation has changed. SeL4 is an open-source operating system microkernel efficient enough to be used in a wide range of practical applications. Its designers proved it to be fully functionally correct, ensuring the absence of buffer overflows, null pointer exceptions, use-after-free errors, etc., and guaranteeing integrity and confidentiality. The CompCert Verifying C Compiler maps source C programs to provably equivalent assembly language, ensuring the absence of exploitable bugs in the compiler. A number of factors have enabled this revolution, including faster processors, increased automation, more extensive infrastructure, specialized logics and the decision to co-develop code and correctness proofs rather than verify existing artefacts. In this paper, we explore the promise and limitations of current formal-methods techniques. We discuss these issues in the context of DARPA's HACMS program, which had as its goal the creation of high-assurance software for vehicles, including quadcopters, helicopters and automobiles.This article is part of the themed issue 'Verified trustworthy software systems'. © 2017 The Authors.

  17. An Assessment of the Heavy Metal Content of Cat Fish (Clarias Lazera) obtained from the Lower Niger Basin at Idah, Kogi State using Energy Dispersive X- ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) Technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amodu, A.E.; Achumu, L. A.; Egwuogu, C.P.

    2013-01-01

    Five catfish (Clarias lazera) samples obtained from the Lower Niger River Basin at Idah were subjected to elemental analysis by Energy Dispersive X - ray Fluorescence (EDXR) technique. A voltage of 30KV and current of 1mA was applied to produce a 17.441KeV molybdenum X-ray which was used to irradiate the samples for ten minutes. The analysis was performed using the mini pal 4 version PW 4030 X -ray spectrometer at the Center for Energy Research and Training (CERT), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. The elemental composition and concentration of seven major and trace elements: Ca, Cr, K, Cu, Fe, Mn, and V were detected in the samples. The major elements are Ca,K and Fe while the trace elements are Cr,Cu, V and Mn. The concentration of Calcium which is the highest range fro 0.370% to 3.110% while the concentration of Copper which is the least range from 46.030pm to 99.859pm. The result shows the presence of Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn and V which are heavy metals the concentration of Cr, Cu, Fe and Mn in the sample were below World Health Organization (WHO) and Food and Agricultural Organization(FAO) maximum permissible limit of intake of the various minerals respectively. However the concentration of V found in the sample is above the WHO and FAO maximum limit for Vanadium.

  18. Carboy Security Testing and Training Programs for Industrial Control Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Noyes, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Service providers rely on industrial control systems (ICS) to manage the flow of water at dams, open breakers on power grids, control ventilation and cooling in nuclear power plants, and more. In today's interconnected environment, this can present a serious cyber security challenge. To combat this growing challenge, government, private industry, and academia are working together to reduce cyber risks. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is a key contributor to the Department of Energy National SCADA Test Bed (NSTB) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Control Systems Security Program (CSSP), both of which focus on improving the overall security posture of ICS in the national critical infrastructure. In support of the NSTB, INL hosts a dedicated SCADA testing facility which consists of multiple control systems supplied by leading national and international manufacturers. Within the test bed, INL researchers systematically examine control system components and work to identify vulnerabilities. In support of the CSSP, INL develops and conducts training courses which are designed to increase awareness and defensive capabilities for IT/Control System professionals. These training vary from web-based cyber security training for control systems engineers to more advanced hands-on training that culminates with a Red Team/Blue Team exercise that is conducted within an actual control systems environment. INL also provides staffing and operational support to the DHS Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT) Security Operations Center which responds to and analyzes control systems cyber incidents across the 18 US critical infrastructure sectors

  19. Cyber Security Testing and Training Programs for Industrial Control Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Noyes, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Service providers rely on industrial control systems (ICS) to manage the flow of water at dams, open breakers on power grids, control ventilation and cooling in nuclear power plants, and more. In today's interconnected environment, this can present a serious cyber security challenge. To combat this growing challenge, government, private industry, and academia are working together to reduce cyber risks. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is a key contributor to the Department of Energy National SCADA Test Bed (NSTB) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Control Systems Security Program (CSSP), both of which focus on improving the overall security posture of ICS in the national critical infrastructure. In support of the NSTB, INL hosts a dedicated SCADA testing facility which consists of multiple control systems supplied by leading national and international manufacturers. Within the test bed, INL researchers systematically examine control system components and work to identify vulnerabilities. In support of the CSSP, INL develops and conducts training courses which are designed to increase awareness and defensive capabilities for IT/Control System professionals. These trainings vary from web-based cyber security trainings for control systems engineers to more advanced hands-on training that culminates with a Red Team/ Blue Team exercise that is conducted within an actual control systems environment. INL also provides staffing and operational support to the DHS Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT) Security Operations Center which responds to and analyzes control systems cyber incidents across the 18 US critical infrastructure sectors.

  20. Le rapprochement Chercheur-Consultant en aménagement du territoire : un apport à haute valeur ajoutée ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Chemin

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available En aménagement du territoire, de nouvelles pratiques partenariales semblent émerger lors de la réalisation d'expertises (études, ingénierie de projets, audits, etc.. Si le recours aux cabinets-conseils – au Consultant – et aux laboratoires scientifiques – au Chercheur – par les services de l'Etat ou les collectivités territoriales existe depuis de nombreuses années, le rapprochement et le partenariat entre les consultants et les chercheurs est récent. Certes, cette pratique n’est pas encore systématique en aménagement du territoire mais elle constitue, selon les commanditaires publics, un apport à haute valeur ajoutée dans les prestations de services.In urban planning new partnership practices seem to appear through the realization of expertises (studies, projects engineering, audits…. Although the appeal to consulting firms – to consultants – and in the scientific laboratories – to researchers – by the State services or local government, exists for a long time now, the partnership between consultants and researchers is recent. Even though this partnership is not systematic in urban planning, it brings a contribution with a high added value in the services, according to the public partners.

  1. Security threats to automotive CAN networks-Practical examples and selected short-term countermeasures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hoppe, Tobias; Kiltz, Stefan; Dittmann, Jana

    2011-01-01

    The IT security of automotive systems is an evolving area of research. To analyse the current situation and the potentially growing tendency of arising threats we performed several practical tests on recent automotive technology. With a focus on automotive systems based on CAN bus technology, this article summarises the results of four selected tests performed on the control systems for the window lift, warning light and airbag control system as well as the central gateway. These results are supplemented in this article by a classification of these four attack scenarios using the established CERT taxonomy and an analysis of underlying security vulnerabilities, and especially, potential safety implications. With respect to the results of these tests, in this article we further discuss two selected countermeasures to address basic weaknesses exploited in our tests. These are adaptations of intrusion detection (discussing three exemplary detection patterns) and IT-forensic measures (proposing proactive measures based on a forensic model). This article discusses both looking at the four attack scenarios introduced before, covering their capabilities and restrictions. While these reactive approaches are short-term measures, which could already be added to today's automotive IT architecture, long-term concepts also are shortly introduced, which are mainly preventive but will require a major redesign. Beneath a short overview on respective research approaches, we discuss their individual requirements, potential and restrictions.

  2. Com aplicar les proves paramètriques bivariades t de Student i ANOVA en SPSS. Cas pràctic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María-José Rubio-Hurtado

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Les proves paramètriques són un tipus de proves de significació estadística que quantifiquen l'associació o independència entre una variable quantitativa i una categòrica. Les proves paramètriques són exigents amb certs requisits previs per a la seva aplicació: la distribució Normal de la variable quantitativa en els grups que es comparen, l'homogeneïtat de variàncies en les poblacions de les quals procedeixen els grups i una n mostral no inferior a 30. El seu no compliment comporta la necessitat de recórrer a proves estadístiques no paramètriques. Les proves paramètriques es classifiquen en dos: prova t (per a una mostra o per a dues mostres relacionades o independents i prova ANOVA (per a més de dues mostres independents.

  3. Secondary organic aerosol formation from phenolic compounds in the absence of NOx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Cocker III

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available SOA formation from benzene, toluene, m-xylene, and their corresponding phenolic compounds were investigated using the UCR/CE-CERT Environmental Chamber to evaluate the importance of phenolic compounds as intermediate species in aromatic SOA formation. SOA formation yield measurements coupled to gas-phase yield measurements indicate that approximately 20% of the SOA of benzene, toluene, and m-xylene could be ascribed to the phenolic route under low NOx conditions. The SOA densities tend to be initially as high as approximately 1.8 g cm−3 and eventually reach the range of 1.3–1.4 g cm−3. The final SOA density was found to be independent of elemental ratio (O/C indicating that applying constant density (e.g., 1.4 g cm−3 to SOA formed from different aromatic compounds tested in this study is a reasonable approximation. Results from a novel on-line PILS-TOFMS (Particle-into-Liquid Sampler coupled with Agilent Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer are reported. Major signals observed by the on-line/off-line Agilent TOFMS indicated that products had the same number of carbon atoms as their parent aromatics, suggesting importance of ring-retaining products or ring-opening products following ring-cleavage.

  4. Upgrading of highly elapsed degradation damage evaluation of structural materials for the light water reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Katada, Yasuyuki; Matsushima, Shinobu; Sato, Shunji

    1998-01-01

    In this study, for degradation of structural materials in accompanying with highly yearly lapse of the nuclear power plants, it was an aim to elucidate interaction between material degradation and degradation under high hot water environment. And, another aims consisted in intention of expansion protection and recovery evaluation of damage due to laser processing method and so on for welded portion showing extreme material degradation and in preparation of damage region diagram based on the obtained data. In this fiscal year, on interaction between materials and environmental degradation, it was found that as stress corrosion cracking of materials hardened by shot peening shows a resemble shapes of stress-strain curve in CERT and CLRT, shapes of load-time curve were much different. On comparison of the SP material and non-processing material, as peak current showing activity of newly created surface shows no difference, re-passivation of the SP material was found to be too late. And, on recovery evaluation of material degradation damage, as it was found that constant melt depth was essential to evaluate corrosion, a condition preparation aimed for melt depth of more than 1 mm. As only small amount of bubbles were observed at molten metal part on YAG laser processing, it was found that many small bubbles scatter at thermal effect part. (G.K.)

  5. Cyber Security Testing and Training Programs for Industrial Control Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daniel Noyes

    2012-03-01

    Service providers rely on industrial control systems (ICS) to manage the flow of water at dams, open breakers on power grids, control ventilation and cooling in nuclear power plants, and more. In today's interconnected environment, this can present a serious cyber security challenge. To combat this growing challenge, government, private industry, and academia are working together to reduce cyber risks. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is a key contributor to the Department of Energy National SCADA Test Bed (NSTB) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Control Systems Security Program (CSSP), both of which focus on improving the overall security posture of ICS in the national critical infrastructure. In support of the NSTB, INL hosts a dedicated SCADA testing facility which consists of multiple control systems supplied by leading national and international manufacturers. Within the test bed, INL researchers systematically examine control system components and work to identify vulnerabilities. In support of the CSSP, INL develops and conducts training courses which are designed to increase awareness and defensive capabilities for IT/Control System professionals. These trainings vary from web-based cyber security trainings for control systems engineers to more advanced hands-on training that culminates with a Red Team/ Blue Team exercise that is conducted within an actual control systems environment. INL also provides staffing and operational support to the DHS Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT) Security Operations Center which responds to and analyzes control systems cyber incidents across the 18 US critical infrastructure sectors.

  6. Tests with Inconel 600 to obtain quantitative stress-corrosion cracking data for evaluating service performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bandy, R.; van Rooyen, D.

    1982-09-01

    Inconel 600 tubes in pressurized water reactor (PWR) steam generators form a pressure boundary between radioactive primary water and secondary water which is converted to steam and used for generating electricity. Under operating conditions the performance of alloy 600 has been good, but with some occasional small leaks resulting from stress corrosion cracking (SCC), related to the presence of unusually high residual or operating stresses. The suspected high stresses can result from either the deformation of tubes during manufacture, or distortion during abnormal conditions such as denting. The present experimental program addresses two specific conditions, i.e., (1) where deformation occurs but is no longer active, such as when denting is stopped and (2) where plastic deformation of the metal continues, as would occur during denting. Laboratory media consist of pure water as well as solutions to simulate environments that would apply in service; tubing from actual production is used in carrying out these tests. The environments include both normal and off chemistries for primary and secondary water. The results reported here were obtained in several different tests. The main ones are (1) split tube reverse U-bends, (2) constant extension rate tests (CERT), and (3) constant load. The temperature range covered is 290 to 365 0 C

  7. Bibliothécaires, documentalistes, tous entrepreneurs ?

    CERN Document Server

    Vaissaire-Agard, Clotilde

    2018-01-01

    Bibliothécaires et documentalistes sont-ils des entrepreneurs qui s'ignorent ? Certes, les attributs classiques de l'entrepreneur - capacités stratégiques, d'innovation, d'investissement personnel, de persévérance... - sont généralement réservés aux chefs d'entreprises ; mais ne trouve-t-on pas des qualités comparables chez les professionnels des bibliothèques et de la documentation ? Si certains d'entre-eux ont franchi le pas en s'installant à leur compte, d'autres exercent leurs activités à l'intérieur même de leur institution en s'appuyant sur des valeurs que l'on retrouve en partie dans l'économie sociale et solidaire... Ne faut-il pas leur associer de plein droit des qualités d'entrepreneur ou mieux, d'intrapreneur ? Entrepreneur, entrepreneur social, intrapreneur, etc. c'est à travers le prisme de ces différents statuts et à partir des témoignages de nombreux professionnels que les auteurs de cet ouvrage abordent les évolutions des métiers de l'info-doc où le souci de l'innovati...

  8. The synthesis and spectroscopic study of stable free radicals related to piperidine-n-oxyl, including a stable bi-radical; Syntheses et etudes spectroscopiques de radicaux libres piperidiniques et d'un biradical stable, du type nitroxyde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Briere, R [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires, Laboratoire de chimie organique physique

    1967-06-01

    A new synthesis of di-tert-butyl nitroxide using the reaction between tert-butyl magnesium chloride and nitro-tert-butane is presented in the first section. Synthesis and investigation of stable free piperidine-N-oxyl radicals are described in the second section. All these nitroxides have been characterised by their I. R., U. V. and E. P. R. absorption spectra. The final section contains a description of the synthesis of a stable bi-radical of the nitroxide type by condensation of 2,2, 6, 6-tetramethyl-piperid-4-one-l-oxyl with hydrazine. (author) [French] La premiere partie expose une nouvelle methode de synthase du di-t-butyl nitroxyde, par action d'halogenures de t-butyl magnesium sur le nitro-t-butane (Rdt maximum 45 pour cert, purete 86 pour cent). Une etude de radicaux. libres stables pipericliniques est faite dans une seconde partie. Ces composes sont obtenus par oxydation de derives de la triacetonamine. Les caracteristiques spectroscopiques ultra-violette, infra-rouge, et paramagnetique electronique de ces radicaux sont donnees. La grande inertie chimique du groupement nitroxyde a permis la syn-these d'un biradical stable par formation d'azine d'une cetone radicalaire, ce qui fait 1'objet de la troisieme partie. (auteur)

  9. SOA formation from photooxidation of naphthalene and methylnaphthalenes with m-xylene and surrogate mixtures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chia-Li; Li, Lijie; Tang, Ping; Cocker, David R.

    2018-05-01

    SOA formation is not well predicted in current models in urban area. The interaction among multiple anthropogenic volatile organic compounds is essential for the SOA formation in the complex urban atmosphere. Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) from the photooxidation of naphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, and 2-methylnaphthalene as well as individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) mixed with m-xylene or an atmospheric surrogate mixture was explored in the UCR CE-CERT environmental chamber under urban relevant low NOx and extremely low NOx (H2O2) conditions. Addition of m-xylene suppressed SOA formation from the individual PAH precursor. A similar suppression effect on SOA formation was observed during the surrogate mixture photooxidation suggesting the importance of gas-phase chemical reactivity to SOA formation. The SOA growth rate for different PAH-m-xylene mixtures was strongly correlated with initial [HO2]/[RO2] ratio but negatively correlated with initial m-xylene/NO ratio. Decreasing SOA formation was observed for increasing m-xylene/PAHs ratios and increasing initial m-xylene/NO ratio. The SOA chemical composition characteristics such as f44 versus f43, H/C ratio, O/C ratio, and the oxidation state of the carbon OSbarc were consistent with a continuously aging with the SOA exhibiting characteristics of both individual precursors. SOA formation from PAHs was also suppressed within an atmospheric surrogate mixture compared to the SOA formed from individual PAHs, indicating that atmospheric reactivity directly influences SOA formation from PAHs.

  10. Le chagrin & la pitié : Chronique d’une cité française sous l’occupation allemande. Histoire et mémoire.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Kok Escalle

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Documentaire dans lequel la caméra est au service d’une idée, Le chagrin et la pitié de Marcel Ophüls n’est certes pas un film historique. Il peut en revanche être considéré comme film d’histoire. Il fait œuvre d’histoire orale en écrivant le récit d’une période à partir de témoignages de personnes qui l’ont vécue ; il fait œuvre d’histoire en proposant des interprétations de cette période à partir de documents d’archives qui soutiennent la lecture que les acteurs font de leur vie d’alors ; enfin sa portée est historique car il incite les Français à ne plus occulter leur mémoire collective concernant la période de l’Occupation allemande pendant la Deuxième Guerre mondiale.

  11. Qualifying program on Non-Destructive Testing, Visual Inspection of the welding (level 2)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shafee, M. A.

    2011-01-01

    Nondestructive testing is a wide group of analysis technique used in science and industry to evaluate the properties of a material, component or system without causing damage. Common Non-Destructive Testing methods include ultrasonic, magnetic-particle, liquid penetrate, radiographic, visual inspection and eddy-current testing. AAEA put the new book of the Non-Destructive Testing publication series that focused on Q ualifying program on Non-Destructive Testing, visual inspection of welding-level 2 . This book was done in accordance with the Arab standard certification of Non-Destructive Testing (ARAB-NDT-CERT-002) which is agreeing with the ISO-9712 (2005) and IAEA- TEC-DOC-487. It includes twenty one chapters dealing with engineering materials used in industry, the mechanical behavior of metals, metal forming equipments, welding, metallurgy, testing of welds, introduction to Non-Destructive Testing, defects in metals, welding defects and discontinuities, introduction to visual inspection theory, properties and tools of visual testing, visual testing, quality control regulations, standards, codes and specifications, procedures of welding inspections, responsibility of welding test inspector, qualification of Non-Destructive Testing inspector and health safety during working.

  12. La cessió de sòl públic dotacional per a l'obertura de centres docents concertats: una nova manifestació de l'Estat garant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Guardia Hernández

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available L'última reforma de la Llei orgànica d'educació acull una nova fórmula de suport a l'ensenyament privat sostingut amb fons públics a Espanya: la cessió de sòl públic per a la construcció i gestió de centres docents concertats. Aquesta operació sembla respondre a diverses tendències. En primer lloc, a la redistribució de tasques entre Estat i societat, per a una major racionalització del sector públic. En segon lloc, a una major tutela de la llibertat d'ensenyament reconegut a l'article 27 de la CE. Amb tot, aquesta evolució des de l'Estat prestacional a l'Estat garant requereix observar certes cauteles derivades de la naturalesa jurídica dels concerts escolars, en especial la igualtat de tracte en l'accés a aquests.

  13. The importance of news media in pharmaceutical risk communication: proceedings of a workshop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mebane, Felicia E

    2005-05-01

    In response to mass media's role in the national and global system of pharmaceutical risk communication, the Centers for Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERTs) convened a 'think tank' session on the 'Importance of Media in Pharmaceutical Risk Communication'. Prominent journalists and experts from the pharmaceutical industry, academia, medical practice and government were invited to consider the benefits and challenges of improving the way we communicate the benefits and risks of therapeutics via mass media, especially news media. Workshop discussions revealed a paucity of systematic research directed towards understanding how and why news media report on therapeutic risk, the impact of this coverage and how coverage can be improved. Consequently, participants produced a research agenda capturing the key aspects of the flow of information around this topic, including the meaning of risk, how news audiences process and use therapeutic risk information in the news, how and why news organizations report on therapeutic risk, and the role and impact of the pharmaceutical industry, government officials and academic researchers as sources of therapeutic risk information. The workshop ended with a discussion on action items addressing what news professionals, representatives of regulatory agencies and the medical products industry, and academic researchers can and should do to enable news media to effectively report therapeutic risk information. In sum, this proceedings report provides an outline for developing mass media risk communication research, influencing the practices of journalists and expert sources and ultimately, improving the quality of the public's life. Copyright (c) 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  14. The Management System of a TSO, the Example of GRS, Germany. Annex V

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2018-01-01

    The Integrated Management System of GRS (Gesellschaft für Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit gGmbH) as well as its quality policy and the principles are described in the Management Manual with the current version being certified according to DIN EN ISO 9001:2015 by TÜV Rheinland Cert (Germany) and in the Organization Manual of GRS. The Management Manual of Quality (QMM) comprises process descriptions, technical instructions, and standard documents. The Management Manual is accessible via the intranet of GRS. The QMM as well as other information and support services can be delivered upon request to the following email-address: scc@grs.de. The central GRS intranet website of the Integrated Management System gives all staff at GRS quick access to all internal management documents. Through the internal online news bulletin the staff of GRS is informed by the Key Quality Manager (KQM) about the release of new versions of the QMM which is structured according to the table of contents provided.

  15. The effect lead impurities on the corrosion resistance of alloy 600 and alloy 690 in high temperature water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sakai, T.; Nakagomi, N.; Kikuchi, T.; Aoki, K.; Nakayasu, F.; Yamakawa, K.

    1998-01-01

    Degradation of nickel-based alloy steam generator (SG) tubing caused by lead-induced corrosion has been reported recently in some PWR plants. Several laboratory studies also have shown that lead causes intergranular or transgranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC or TGSCC) of the tubing materials. Information from previous studies suggests two possible explanations for the mechanism of lead-induced corrosion. One is selective dissolution of tube metal elements, resulting in formation of a lead-containing nickel-depleted oxide film as observed in mildly acidic environments. The other explanation is an increase in potential, as has been observed in lead-contaminated caustic environments, although not in all volatile treatment (AVT) water such as the ammonium-hydrazine water chemistry. These observation suggest that an electrochemical reaction between metal elements and dissolved lead might be the cause of lead-induced corrosion. The present work was undertaken to clarify the lead-induced corrosion mechanism of nickel-based alloys from an electrochemical viewpoint, focusing on mildly acidic and basic environments. These are the probable pH conditions in the crevice region between the tube and tube support plate of the SG where corrosion damage could occur. Measurements of corrosion potential and electrochemical polarization of nickel-based alloys were performed to investigate the effect of lead on electrochemical behavior of the alloys. Then, constant extension rate tests (CERT) were carried out to determine the corrosion susceptibility of the alloys in a lead-contaminated environment. (J.P.N.)

  16. Neutronics analysis of Nigerian Research Reactor-1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Azande, T.S.; Balogun, G.I.

    2010-01-01

    Feasibility studies for the conversion of the Nigerian Research Reactor-1 (NIRR-1) have been performed using WIMS and CITATION codes (Azande et al, 2009 and Balogun, 2003) at the Centre for Energy Research and Training (CERT), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Kaduna State. In this work, the neutronics analysis of NIRR-1 core concerning mass loading of U-235 in the core, shut down margin (SDM), safety reactivity factor (SRF), control rod worth, and control rod critical depth of insertion were investigated at low enrichment. Two fuel types (UAl 4 and UO 2 ) were considered and the uranium densities required for the conversion of NIRR-1 core to low enrichment were computed to be 1201g/cc with 20% enrichment, 1144 g/cc with 19.75% enrichment, 1274 g/cc with 15% enrichment, 1448 g/cc with 10% enrichment for UAl 4 fuel type and 1141g/cc with 20% enrichment, 1144 g/cc with 19.75% enrichment, 1216 g/cc with 15% enrichment, and 1389 g/cc with 10% enrichment for UO 2 fuel type. Signi ficantly, higher uranium densities are required to convert NIRR-1 from HEU to LEU - indicating a drastic review of the NIRR-1 core.

  17. Report on the results of the FY 1999 introductory R and D of MGC ultra-high efficiency turbine system technology. International cooperative project of MGC technology investigational study (R and D on advanced engine and energy saving use ceramics); 1999 nendo MGC chokokoritsu turbine system gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. MGC gijutsu chosa kenkyu kokusai kyoryoku jigyo (senshinteki engine oyobi sho energy yo yotoyo ceramics ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    As the R and D of advanced engine and energy saving use ceramics, this project is being conducted by the U.S., Germany, Sweden, Belgium and Japan under Annex II of the Committee of Energy Research Technology (CERT) established by International Energy Agency (IEA). For structure use ceramic materials, their raw material powder is tested and a method to evaluate characteristics of their sintered bodies is studied. The research was divided into Subtask 11 (test on mechanical characteristics) and Subtask 12 (evaluation of raw material powder). Each subtask decides on the details of the international joint research and the associated research assigned to each country. In the testing study on mechanical characteristics in this fiscal year, the evaluation method was studied of thermal characteristics of materials for heat resistant high temperature members. In the study for evaluation of raw material powder in this fiscal year, a method was studied for evaluation of characteristics of fine ceramic powder. The results to be obtained in this study are related to mechanical characteristics of materials for heat resistant high temperature members and to the basic evaluation method of characteristics of raw material powder. The results of the study are surely indispensable for promotion of the application of these materials. (NEDO)

  18. Stahl et les âges de la vie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Carvallo

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available La vieillesse constitue une pierre de touche pour toute théorie médicale : elle oblige à rendre raison de la temporalité à l’œuvre dans la vie. Aux yeux de Stahl, les iatromécaniciens méconnaissent la dimension temporelle de l’organisme ; en particulier, ils en ignorent la périodicité. Comprendre la vieillesse suppose donc la critique de la représentation linéaire du temps organique, que développe la mécanique et qui réduit le vivant au seul composé physique et chimique. Il reste alors à trouver la cause de la périodicité organique : sur ce point, Georg Ernst Stahl critique Thomas Sydenham, qui reconnaît certes la périodicité du vivant mais nie la possibilité d’une médecine étiologique. Pour sa part, le médecin de Halle cherche à rendre compte du vieillissement en lien avec les actions organiques fondamentales : le tonus, la circulation, l’excrétion, la sécrétion.

  19. L’Autriche face à la réunification allemande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérard Grelle

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available La chute du Mur de Berlin, en 1989, fut certes pour l’Autriche un événement politique majeur, mais pas plus important que la fin du rideau de fer. En effet, quasiment « enclavée » entre plusieurs pays socialistes, l’Autriche considéra la disparition du rideau de fer comme une ouverture sans limite aux pays d’Europe Centrale et de l’Est. Au cours des vingt années qui suivirent ces événements, l’Autriche a largement contribué au développement politique, économique et social des pays de l’Est en pratiquant une politique d’échanges économiques et financiers avec ces pays afin d’aider à leur reconstruction. Dans un tel contexte, la chute du Mur de Berlin et la réunification allemande ont été appréhendées comme un simple élément du puzzle de la reconstruction européenne. Une telle stratégie a alors permis à l’Autriche de sortir définitivement de son inquiétude face à la persistance d’un danger « annexionniste » de la part de l’Allemagne.

  20. Materials behavior in alternate (hydrogen) water chemistry in the Ringhals-1 boiling water reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ljungberg, L.G.; Cubicciotti, D.; Trolle, M.

    1986-01-01

    In-plant studies on the intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) of sensitized austenitic stainless steel (SS) have been performed at the Swedish Ringhals-1 boiling water reactor (BWR). The studies have covered the present [full-temperature (normal)] water chemistry (PWC) and the alternate (primary) water chemistry (AWC) with hydrogen addition. The test techniques applied were constant extension rate testing (CERT) and electrochemical potential (ECP) measurements. The program was covered by extensive environment monitoring. The results verify earlier laboratory studies which show that sensitized austenitic SS is susceptible to IGSCC in PWC, but not in AWC. Other pressure-bearing BWR construction materials are not adversely affected by AWC. The boundary conditions in Ringhals-1 have been established for an AWC, which is defined as an environment that does not produce IGSCC in sensitized SS. The results are compared with a similar program at Dresden-2, and the points of agreement and discordance in the results are discussed. The relevance of ECP measurements for the control of AWC is discussed

  1. Practical Computer Security through Cryptography

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNab, David; Twetev, David (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    The core protocols upon which the Internet was built are insecure. Weak authentication and the lack of low level encryption services introduce vulnerabilities that propagate upwards in the network stack. Using statistics based on CERT/CC Internet security incident reports, the relative likelihood of attacks via these vulnerabilities is analyzed. The primary conclusion is that the standard UNIX BSD-based authentication system is by far the most commonly exploited weakness. Encryption of Sensitive password data and the adoption of cryptographically-based authentication protocols can greatly reduce these vulnerabilities. Basic cryptographic terminology and techniques are presented, with attention focused on the ways in which technology such as encryption and digital signatures can be used to protect against the most commonly exploited vulnerabilities. A survey of contemporary security software demonstrates that tools based on cryptographic techniques, such as Kerberos, ssh, and PGP, are readily available and effectively close many of the most serious security holes. Nine practical recommendations for improving security are described.

  2. La disponibilité temporelle au travail des femmes : une disponibilité sans contrepartie ? Women’s temporal availability at work : no compensation ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François-Xavier Devetter

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’appuie sur une vision enrichie du temps de travail (la disponibilité temporelle au travail, incluant la durée, la localisation et la prévisibilité des horaires pour étudier les différences de valorisation des contraintes temporelles entre hommes et femmes. Il apparaît que, certes, les femmes semblent avoir une disponibilité au travail plus réduite (notamment en début de carrière mais surtout que les écarts entre genres ne portent pas sur les mêmes dimensions du temps. La reconnaissance sociale (notamment par l’employeur des contraintes touchant les femmes semble bien plus faible que dans le cas des hommes.This article uses a broader concept of working time than mere duration (time availability at work encompassing the volume of hours worked but also the scheduling and predictability of those hours, to examine the gender gap concerning temporal constraints. Women seem to dispose of fewer possibilities to make themselves available at work than men but, more importantly, this gap does not involve the same aspects of time. The temporal constraints experienced mainly by women are less socially visible and hence undervalued by their employers.

  3. Cicéron était-il un « Roman sceptic ? »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Levy

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available La définition de Cicéron comme « sceptique romain » constitue une projection contestable d’un concept contemporain, faussement simple, sur la personnalité philosophique de Cicéron. Le scepticisme ne se constitue en système de pensée autonome qu’avec Énésidème, que Cicéron ne semble pas connaître, tout comme il fait de Pyrrhon un moraliste dogmatique. La pensée du doute est chez Cicéron un aspect important mais non exclusif de son attachement à la tradition platonicienne. Les Academica constituent certes une avancée théorique majeure dans la pensée de la suspension du jugement, mais ces dialogues ne peuvent être isolés de l’ensemble du parcours philosophique de Cicéron, qui aboutit toujours, d’une manière ou d’une autre à Platon.

  4. Influence of localized deformation on A-286 austenitic stainless steel stress corrosion cracking in PWR primary water; Influence de la localisation de la deformation sur la corrosion sous contrainte de l'acier inoxydable austenitique A-286 en milieu primaire des REP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Savoie, M

    2007-01-15

    Irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) of austenitic stainless steels is known to be a critical issue for structural components of nuclear reactor cores. The deformation of irradiated austenitic stainless steels is extremely heterogeneous and localized in deformation bands that may play a significant role in IASCC. In this study, an original approach is proposed to determine the influence of localized deformation on austenitic stainless steels SCC in simulated PWR primary water. The approach consists in (i) performing low cycle fatigue tests on austenitic stainless steel A-286 strengthened by {gamma}' precipitates Ni{sub 3}(Ti,Al) in order to shear and dissolve the precipitates in intense slip bands, leading to a localization of the deformation within and in (ii) assessing the influence of these {gamma}'-free localized deformation bands on A-286 SCC by means of comparative CERT tests performed on specimens with similar yield strength, containing or not {gamma}'-free localized deformation bands. Results show that strain localization significantly promotes A-286 SCC in simulated PWR primary water at 320 and 360 C. Moreover, A-286 is a precipitation-hardening austenitic stainless steel used for applications in light water reactors. The second objective of this work is to gain insights into the influence of heat treatment and metallurgical structure on A-286 SCC susceptibility in PWR primary water. The results obtained demonstrate a strong correlation between yield strength and SCC susceptibility of A-286 in PWR primary water at 320 and 360 C. (author)

  5. Differentiation, context and teacher education: the changing profile of trainees on in-service initial teacher training programmes in the lifelong learning sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noel, Penny

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of initial teacher training (ITT student data relating to the University of Huddersfield part-time in-service Cert Ed/PGCE over a three-year period has revealed significant change in the make-up of trainee cohorts. There has been an increase in younger trainees and in trainees very new to teaching, although more experienced and older trainees do continue to enrol. There has also been a considerable shift in the balance of trainees away from further education (FE college staff. These changes have implications for those who manage and deliver teacher education for the sector. It remains of key importance that the curriculum is not experienced as overly ‘FE-college centric’ and that mentoring arrangements acknowledge the needs of trainees from diverse contexts. It is clear that in the delivery of ITT for the lifelong learning sector, increasingly, one size will not comfortably fit all. Within teacher education much emphasis is placed upon the role of differentiation in regard to trainee practice. The changing trainee profile identified requires that teacher education itself unambiguously models a differentiated approach – and, in relation to teacher education for the lifelong learning sector, differentiation must address workplace context.

  6. Simulación del efecto de la irradiación mediante el trabajado en frío y los tratamientos térmicos en dos aceros inoxidables austeníticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Diego, G.

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, annealed type 304 SS was cold worked and heat treated to simúlate irradiation hardening, ductility loss and grain boundary segregation. Constant Extension Rate Tensile (CERT tests were conducted to reproduce Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking (IASCC in BWR (Boiling Water Reactor environment.

    En este trabajo se simulan los efectos que produce la irradiación, pérdida de ductilidad y segregación de impurezas en borde de grano, mediante trabajado en frío y posterior tratamiento térmico, para aceros inoxidables austeníticos AISI 304. Mediante ensayos de velocidad de extensión constante y en medios similares a los de los reactores de agua en ebullición se intenta relacionar la susceptibilidad a la corrosión bajo tensión con la susceptibilidad a la corrosión asistida por irradiación.

  7. Applications of neutron activation analysis technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jonah, S. A.

    2000-07-01

    The technique was developed as far back as 1936 by G. Hevesy and H. Levy for the analysis of Dy using an isotopic source. Approximately 40 elements can be analyzed by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INNA) technique with neutrons from a nuclear reactor. By applying radiochemical separation, the number of elements that can be analysed may be increased to almost 70. Compared with other analytical methods used in environmental and industrial research, NAA has some unique features. These are multi-element capability, rapidity, reproducibility of results, complementarity to other methods, freedom from analytical blank and independency of chemical state of elements. There are several types of neutron sources namely: nuclear reactors, accelerator-based and radioisotope-based sources, but nuclear reactors with high fluxes of neutrons from the fission of 235 U give the most intense irradiation, and hence the highest available sensitivities for NAA. In this paper, the applications of NAA of socio-economic importance are discussed. The benefits of using NAA and related nuclear techniques for on-line applications in industrial process control are highlighted. A brief description of the NAA set-ups at CERT is enumerated. Finally, NAA is compared with other leading analytical techniques

  8. De l'air à la terre Weyl et la philosophie de jauge

    CERN Document Server

    Afriat, Alexander

    2017-01-01

    De quoi est fait le monde ? La question peut bien se poser mais les réponses ont été étonnantes : d’eau, de corpuscules (éventuellement crochus), d’air, de feu, d’ondes, de terre, d’effluves, de champs, d’énergie et ainsi de suite. La liste est longue (on n’a oublié que le caoutchouc). Aujourd’hui les réalistes structurels nous apprennent même que le monde serait constitué de structures mathématiques, celles notamment qui figurent dans nos meilleures théories physiques. Et ces dernières incluraient, pour en venir au sujet de ce livre, des théories de jauge, dont les structures assumeraient ainsi une valeur ontique. Le monde serait donc composé — dans un sens auquel il faut éventuellement s’habituer — de ces mêmes structures. Mais ces structures, d’où viennent-elles ? De toutes pièces de l’expérience ? Son apport est certes important, mais il y a autre chose.

  9. Corpus web 2.0 : quelques enjeux méthodologiques et épistémologiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Bevilacqua

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Nombre de défis d’ordre méthodologique et épistémologique s’imposent aujourd’hui à la recherche scientifique orientée vers le travail sur des corpus numériques. Certes, chaque plateforme virtuelle présente une écologie spécifique (Paveau, 2013a, 2013b qui oriente un rapprochement différent tant de l’objet que du corpus. Ainsi, l’environnement Facebook (FBK, une surface essentiellement multiforme suggère un regard qui puisse saisir son hétérogénéité sémiotique et énonciative. Dans ce travail, nous visons, d’abord, une redéfinition de la notion de corpus comme « matrice du sens » (Mayaffre, 2011 : 11 permettant de focaliser les enjeux scientifiques que la conception des corpus numériques issus du Web 2.0, notamment, de FBK, entraîne; ensuite, la description de certains concepts méthodologiques et épistémologiques fondamentaux — linéarité, technodiscours, sérialité, réticularité — aidant à l’élaboration ainsi qu’à la gestion de corpus FBK.

  10. Susceptibility to stress corrosion in stainless steels type AISI 321 and 12X18H10T used in PWR type reactors (WWER); Susceptibilidad a la corrosion bajo esfuerzo de barras de acero inoxidable AISI 321 y 12X18H10T en ambientes utilizados en reactores VVER

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matadamas C, N

    1996-12-31

    Titanium stabilized stainless steels have been utilized in sovietic pressurized water reactors (VVER) for avoid the susceptibility to Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) present in other austenitic stainless steels. However the Intergranular Corrosion resistance of this kind of materials has been questioned because of Intergranular Stress Corrosion Cracking failures (IGSCC) have been reported. This paper study the electrochemical behavior of the AISI 321 stainless steel in a H{sub 3}BO{sub 3} Solution contaminated with chlorides and its susceptibility to Intergranular Corrosion.Electrochemical prediction diagrams of the stainless steels AISI 321 and 12X18H10T (sovietic) sensitized (600 Centigrade, 3 h.) were compared. Cylindrical and conical samples were used in Slow Strain Rate Tests (SSRT), to determine the susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC) in AISI 321 and 12X18H10T stainless steels. The results obtained showed that the temperature of the solution is a very important factor to detect this susceptibility. Fractography studies on the fracture surfaces of the samples obtained in the SSRT at high temperature were realized. Corrosion velocities of both AISI 321 and 12X18H10T stainless steels were determined using conical samples in the CERT system at high temperature. E.D.A.X. analysis was employed in both AISI 321 and 12X18H10T stainless steels in order to explain the degree of sensitization. (Author).

  11. Protecting ICS Systems Within the Energy Sector from Cyber Attacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Shaquille

    Advance persistent threat (APT) groups are continuing to attack the energy sector through cyberspace, which poses a risk to our society, national security, and economy. Industrial control systems (ICSs) are not designed to handle cyber-attacks, which is why asset owners need to implement the correct proactive and reactive measures to mitigate the risk to their ICS environments. The Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT) responded to 290 incidents for fiscal year 2016, where 59 of those incidents came from the Energy Sector. APT groups know how vulnerable energy sector ICS systems are and the destruction they can cause when they go offline such as loss of production, loss of life, and economic impact. Defending against APT groups requires more than just passive controls such as firewalls and antivirus solutions. Asset owners should implement a combination of best practices and active defense in their environment to defend against APT groups. Cyber-attacks against critical infrastructure will become more complex and harder to detect and respond to with traditional security controls. The purpose of this paper was to provide asset owners with the correct security controls and methodologies to help defend against APT groups.

  12. Setting Component Priorities in Protecting NPPs against Cyber-Attacks Using Reliability Analysis Techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Choi, Moon Kyoung; Seong, Poong Hyun; Son, Han Seong

    2017-01-01

    The digitalization of infrastructure makes systems vulnerable to cyber threats and hybrid attacks. According to ICS-CERT report, as time goes by, the number of vulnerabilities in ICS industries increases rapidly. Digital I and C systems have been developed and installed in nuclear power plants, and due to installation of the digital I and C systems, cyber security concerns are increasing in nuclear industry. However, there are too many critical digital assets to be inspected in digitalized NPPs. In order to reduce the inefficiency of regulation in nuclear facilities, the critical components that are directly related to an accident are elicited by using the reliability analysis techniques. Target initial events are selected, and their headings are analyzed through event tree analysis about whether the headings can be affected by cyber-attacks or not. Among the headings, the headings that can be proceeded directly to the core damage by the cyber-attack when they are fail are finally selected as the target of deriving the minimum cut-sets. We analyze the fault trees and derive the minimum set-cuts. In terms of original PSA, the value of probability for the cut-sets is important but the probability is not important in terms of cyber security of NPPs. The important factors is the number of basic events consisting of the minimal cut-sets that is proportional to vulnerability.

  13. A Green Prison: The Santa Rita Jail Campus Microgrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marnay, Chris; DeForest, Nicholas; Lai, Judy

    2012-01-22

    A large microgrid project is nearing completion at Alameda County’s twenty-two-year-old 45 ha 4,000-inmate Santa Rita Jail, about 70 km east of San Francisco. Often described as a green prison, it has a considerable installed base of distributed energy resources (DER) including an eight-year old 1.2 MW PV array, a five-year old 1 MW fuel cell with heat recovery, and considerable efficiency investments. A current US$14 M expansion adds a 2 MW-4 MWh Li-ion battery, a static disconnect switch, and various controls upgrades. During grid blackouts, or when conditions favor it, the Jail can now disconnect from the grid and operate as an island, using the on-site resources described together with its back-up diesel generators. In other words, the Santa Rita Jail is a true microgrid, or μgrid, because it fills both requirements, i.e. it is a locally controlled system, and it can operate both grid connected and islanded. The battery’s electronics includes Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology (CERTS) Microgrid technology. This enables the battery to maintain energy balance using droops without need for a fast control system.

  14. Integration& Operation of a Microgrid at Santa Rita Jail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chevron Energy Solutions; Alameda County; DeForest, Nicholas; Lai, Judy; Stadler, Michael; Mendes, Goncalo; Marnay, Chris; Donadee, Jon

    2011-05-01

    Santa Rita Jail is a 4,500 inmate facility located in Dublin CA, approximately 40 miles (65 km) east of San Francisco. Over the past decade, a series of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) installations and efficiency measures have been undertaken to transform the 3MW facility into a"Green Jail". These include a 1.2MW rated rooftop PV system installed in 2002, a 1MW molten carbonate fuel cell with CHP, and retrofits to lighting and HVAC systems to reduce peak loads. With the upcoming installation of a large-scale battery and fast static disconnect switch, Santa Rita Jail will become a true microgrid, with full CERTS Microgrid functionality. Consequently, the jail will be able to seamlessly disconnect from the grid and operate as an island in the event of a disturbance, reconnecting again once the disturbance has dissipated. The extent to which that jail is capable of islanding is principally dependant on the energy capacity of the battery-one focus of this investigation. Also presented here are overviews of the DER currently installed at the jail, as well as the value it provides by offsetting the purchase of electricity under the current Pacific Gas& Electric (PG&E) tariff.

  15. Characterization of ion irradiation effects on the microstructure, hardness, deformation and crack initiation behavior of austenitic stainless steel:Heavy ions vs protons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, J.; Hure, J.; Tanguy, B.; Laffont, L.; Lafont, M.-C.; Andrieu, E.

    2018-04-01

    Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking (IASCC) is a complex phenomenon of degradation which can have a significant influence on maintenance time and cost of core internals of a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR). Hence, it is an issue of concern, especially in the context of lifetime extension of PWRs. Proton irradiation is generally used as a representative alternative of neutron irradiation to improve the current understanding of the mechanisms involved in IASCC. This study assesses the possibility of using heavy ions irradiation to evaluate IASCC mechanisms by comparing the irradiation induced modifications (in microstructure and mechanical properties) and cracking susceptibility of SA 304 L after both type of irradiations: Fe irradiation at 450 °C and proton irradiation at 350 °C. Irradiation-induced defects are characterized and quantified along with nano-hardness measurements, showing a correlation between irradiation hardening and density of Frank loops that is well captured by Orowan's formula. Both irradiations (iron and proton) increase the susceptibility of SA 304 L to intergranular cracking on subjection to Constant Extension Rate Tensile tests (CERT) in simulated nominal PWR primary water environment at 340 °C. For these conditions, cracking susceptibility is found to be quantitatively similar for both irradiations, despite significant differences in hardening and degree of localization.

  16. Volatile organic compound analysis in wood combustion and meat cooking emissions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zielinska, B.; McDonald, J.

    1999-01-01

    Residential wood combustion and meat cooking emissions were each analyzed for volatile organic compounds (VOC). Emissions were diluted 60--100 times, cooled to ambient temperature, and allowed 80 seconds for condensation prior to collection with the aid of a DRI-constructed dilution stack sampler. Fireplace and wood-stove emissions testing was conducted at the DRI facilities. Wood type, wood moisture, burn rate, and fuel load were varied for different experiments. Meat emissions testing was conducted at the CE-CERT stationary emissions lab, University of California, Riverside. Meat type, fat content, and cooking appliance were changed in different tests. VOCs were collected using stainless-steel 6 L canisters and Tenax cartridges, whereas for carbonyl compound collection 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH)-impregnated C 18 SepPack cartridges were used. Analysis of VOC collected with canisters and Tenax cartridges was conducted by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) and by GC/FID/ECD (flame ionization detection/electron capture detection). DNPH-impregnated cartridges were analyzed for fourteen C 1 --C 7 carbonyl compounds, using the HPLC method. The results of these measurements are discussed

  17. Chemical speciation of PM2.5 emissions from residential wood combustion and meat cooking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McDonald, J.; Zielinska, B.; Fujita, E.; Chow, J.; Watson, J.; Sagebiel, J.; Sheetz, L.; Batie, S.

    1998-01-01

    Residential wood combustion and meat cooking emissions were each analyzed to develop a chemical emissions profile. Samples were collected using a DRI-constructed dilution stack sampler equipped with a 2.5 mm particle selective cyclone. Emissions were diluted 30-100 times, cooled to ambient temperature, and were allowed 80 seconds for condensation prior to collection. Fireplace and wood-stove emissions testing was conducted at the DRI facilities. Wood type, wood moisture, burn rate, and fuel load were varied for different experiments. Meat emissions testing was conducted at the CE-CERT stationary emissions lab in Riverside, California. Meat type, fat content, and the cooking appliance used were changed in different tests. Fine particle and semi-volatile organic compounds were collected on filter/PUF/XAD/PUF cartridges. Inorganic samples were collected on Teflon and quartz filters, which were analyzed for mass by gravimetry, elements by x-ray fluorescence, ammonium by automated colorimetry, organic and elemental carbon by thermal/optical reflectance, as well as chloride, nitrate, and sulfate by ion chromatography. Analysis of organic species was conducted by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). These data have been utilized for constructing specific profiles for use in the Chemical Mass Balance model for apportionment of fine particle sources in the Denver, Colorado, region

  18. Aleksandr Dugin’s transformation from a lunatic fringe figure into a mainstream political publicist, 1980–1998: A case study in the rise of late and post-Soviet Russian fascism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Umland

    2010-07-01

    Biographical sketch: CertTransl (Leipzig, MA (Stanford, MPhil (Oxford, DipPolSci, DrPhil (FU Berlin, PhD (Cambridge. Visiting fellow at Stanford’s Hoover Institution in 1997–1999, and Harvard’s Weatherhead Center in 2001–2002. Bosch visiting lecturer at Yekaterinburg’s Urals State University in 1999–2001, and Kyiv’s Mohyla Academy in 2003/2005. In January-December 2004, temporary lecturer in Russian and East European studies at St. Antony’s College Oxford. In 2005–2008, German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD Lecturer Kyiv’s Shevchenko University. Papers in Problems of Post-Communism, East European Jewish Affairs, Osteuropa, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft, Politicheskie issledovaniya, European Political Science, Political Studies Review, The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Voprosy filosofii, Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost’, Forum für osteuropäische Ideen- und Zeitgeschichte, Ab Imperio and other journals. Editor of The Implementation of the European Convention on Human Rights in Russia: Philosophical, Legal und Empirical Studies (Stuttgart: Ibidem 2004, Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Hochschullehre in Osteuropa. Vols. 1, 2, 3 & 4 (Frankfurt a.M. u.a.: Peter Lang 2005, 2006, 2007 & 2009, and, with Roger Griffin and Werner Loh, Fascism Past and Present, West and East: An International Debate on Concepts and Cases in the Comparative Study of the Extreme Right. With an afterword by Walter Laqueur (Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag 2006.

  19. Secondary organic aerosol formation from primary aliphatic amines with NO3 radical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. J. Silva

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Primary aliphatic amines are an important class of nitrogen containing compounds emitted from automobiles, waste treatment facilities and agricultural animal operations. A series of experiments conducted at the UC-Riverside/CE-CERT Environmental Chamber is presented in which oxidation of methylamine, ethylamine, propylamine, and butylamine with O3 and NO3 have been investigated. Very little aerosol formation is observed in the presence of O3 only. However, after addition of NO, and by extension NO3, large aerosol mass yields (~44% for butylamine are seen. Aerosol generated was determined to be organic in nature due to the small fraction of NO and NO2 in the total signal (<1% for all amines tested as detected by an aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS. We propose a reaction mechanism between carbonyl containing species and the parent amine leading to formation of particulate imine products. These findings can have significant impacts on rural communities with elevated nighttime PM loadings, when significant levels of NO3 exist.

  20. Stress corrosion cracking in 17-4PH and 17-7PH stainless steels in NaCl and NaOH (20%) a 90 deg C

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gaona-Tiburcio, C.; Almeraya-Calderon, F.; Martinez-Villafane, A.

    2000-01-01

    One of the problems that affects to the electric industry is the not programmed stoppages in the power plants, due to the failure of any main component: boiler, turbine and generator. In the turbine, the combined action of a corrosive agent (humid polluted vapor) and a mechanical effort, generally will result in Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC). In this work the SCC susceptibility of the precipitation hardening stainless steels 17-4PH and 17-17PH, thoroughly used in steam turbine blades of power stations is analyzed. The specimens were tested in the presence of NaCl and NaOH(20%) to 90 deg C and different pH. The CERT test (Constant Extension Rate Test) was used, at 10''-6 s''-1, supplementing it with electrochemical noise, the aim was to identify the conditions of maximum susceptibility and the performance of the studied materials. The fractographic analysis revealed ductile and brittle fracture. Intergranular cracking, characteristic of the anodic dissolution mechanisms of the materials was observed. Nevertheless, the main mechanism responsible the failure was hydrogen embrittlement. (Author) 6 refs

  1. Introducció: Lingüística forense

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Planas, Ana M.

    2011-01-01

    En l’opinió comuna, no experta, l’estudi de les llengües naturals humanes és bonic i gratificant per a l’esperit, però només capacita —a qui s’hi ha dedicat— per a l’activitat docent. A més a més, es pensa que l’estudi de la lingüística es limita al que coneixem com a lingüística interna (o microlingüística), és a dir, l’estudi dels nivells fonètic, fonològic, morfològic, sintàctic, semàntic i pragmàtic de les llengües, anant de les unitats més petites a les més grosses. El cert és que actual...

  2. "Veselye pochorony”: A Russian Microcosm in New York

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Schirò

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Nel presente lavoro viene analizzato il romanzo Veselye pochorony (1997 della scrittrice russa Ljudmila Ulickaja, allo scopo di indagare il rapporto tra le esperienze esistenziali dei protagonisti e lo spazio fisico di New York nel quale quest’ultimi agiscono. Nel saggio si cercano di individuare alcune peculiarità della metropoli americana la quale, in certe pagine del libro, si mostra con dei tratti claustrofobici, apparendo talvolta anche come uno spazio dal contorno surreale. L’analisi mira a far emergere quanto la Grande Mela, sapientemente dipinta dalla Ulickaja nel suo romanzo, si mostri in maniera mai univoca. Da un canto New York rappresenta uno spazio simbolico, un limbo, una corridoio di passaggio, una soglia, attraversata da uomini di differenti culture e con stili di vita contrapposti; dall’altro la città nordamericana sovente si trasforma da spazio urbano in spazio della memoria di un’umanità ferita a causa dello sradicamento dal paese e dalla cultura d’origine. In ogni caso la città, capace di esercitare sui personaggi una sorta di irresistibile malia, diviene luogo salvifico in grado di aiutarli a ricostruire ex novo la propria esistenza sulla base di una cultura nuova ma che non viola quella di provenienza.

  3. Demain, la physique

    CERN Document Server

    Aspect, Alain; Balibar, Sébastien; Brézin, Edouard; Cabane, Bernard; Fauve, Stephan; Kaplan, Daniel; Léna, Pierre; Poirier, Jean-Paul; Prost, Jacques

    2004-01-01

    Ce livre est le récit de quelques-unes des incertitudes de la physique d'aujourd'hui en devenir, avec l'ambition de montrer que les questions posées ne sont pas l'effet d'un quelconque arbitraire mais d'une logique interne qui nous a conduits immanquablement là où nous sommes. Certes la moindre question de physique d'aujourd'hui n'est compréhensible dans ses détails qu'au prix d'un investissement technique considérable. Il nous a semblé qu'il était néanmoins possible de raconter en mots, sans équations, ni long investissement préalable dans la lecture d'ouvrages difficiles, les interrogations auxquelles sont confrontés les physiciens de notre temps. ", Edouard Brézin. Pour l'année mondiale de la physique, et à l'initiative de l'Académie des sciences, dix grands savants français sont réunis ici pour nous faire partager les extraordinaires avancées de la physique moderne.

  4. The HACMS program: using formal methods to eliminate exploitable bugs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Launchbury, John; Richards, Raymond

    2017-01-01

    For decades, formal methods have offered the promise of verified software that does not have exploitable bugs. Until recently, however, it has not been possible to verify software of sufficient complexity to be useful. Recently, that situation has changed. SeL4 is an open-source operating system microkernel efficient enough to be used in a wide range of practical applications. Its designers proved it to be fully functionally correct, ensuring the absence of buffer overflows, null pointer exceptions, use-after-free errors, etc., and guaranteeing integrity and confidentiality. The CompCert Verifying C Compiler maps source C programs to provably equivalent assembly language, ensuring the absence of exploitable bugs in the compiler. A number of factors have enabled this revolution, including faster processors, increased automation, more extensive infrastructure, specialized logics and the decision to co-develop code and correctness proofs rather than verify existing artefacts. In this paper, we explore the promise and limitations of current formal-methods techniques. We discuss these issues in the context of DARPA’s HACMS program, which had as its goal the creation of high-assurance software for vehicles, including quadcopters, helicopters and automobiles. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Verified trustworthy software systems’. PMID:28871050

  5. Entreteniment en línia i protecció dels consumidors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Alberto De Miguel Asensio

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available

    El mercat de certs serveis en línia, com els que es basen en l'establiment de plataformes i comunitats virtuals, es caracteritza pel predomini de diversos operadors globals que han expandit els seus models de negoci des dels Estats Units a la resta del món. Atès l'estricte marc normatiu vigent a la Unió Europea en matèria de protecció dels consumidors i de protecció de dades personals, adquireix una importància especial valorar la seva aplicació efectiva en relació amb els termes contractuals amb els quals es presten els serveis esmentats als consumidors europeus. Aquesta anàlisi té importants implicacions no solament per a la posició dels consumidors europeus, sinó també per a la competitivitat de les empreses europees sotmeses a aquest marc normatiu restrictiu.

  6. Element distribution patterns in soil from Haji Koji farm in Agwan Jaba Area Zaria, Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dim, L. A.; Onudiba, M. E.; Ogunleye, P.O.; Odunze, A. C.; Sadiq, U.

    2011-01-01

    Element abundance in soil are required by farmers, herbal medicine practitioner and scientist as it helps them to understand the type of inputs and crops types to be expected from a particular farm land, for health and in management and treatment of diseases. In this work, element abundance and distribution patters in soil of the Haji Kogi Farm Area as well as its other physiochemical characteristics such as the soil electrical conductivity (EC), and Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) have been determined. X-ray Fluorescence multi-element analytical technique was employed because it is available at the Center for Energy Research and Training (CERT), Ahmadu Bello University, (ABU), Zaria, Nigeria. The element analytically determined include Al, Si, P, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, and Rb. The element V, Cr, Fe, Cu, and Zn were present as minor constituents while Si, K, Na, P, Ca and Al are present minor element. Si has concentration that ranged between 22.69 - 35.74%. While Al ranges between 3.33 -10.69% and K ranges from 2.23 - 6.9%. The pH values of the soil show low electrical conductivity. The CEC value indicates the soil has good nutrient holding capacity.

  7. İNTERNET KULLANICILARININ İNTERNETTEN ALIŞ-VERİŞE YÖNELİK SATIN ALMA KARAR SÜREÇLERİNİN İNCELENMESİ ve KULLANIM YOĞUNLUKLARI AÇISINDAN SINIFILANDIRILMASI ÜZERİNE BİR ARAŞTIRMA-INVESTIGATING INTERNET USERS DECISION MAKING PROCESSES REGARDING THEIR INTERNET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emrah CENGİZ

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Tüketici satın alma karar süreci uzun yıllardır işletmelerin ve akademisyenlerin ilgi odaklarından birisidir. Tüketicilerin hangi faktörlerin etkisi altında ve hangi aşamalardan geçerek satın alma kararını verdikleri çeşitli modellerle açıklanmaya çalışılmış, karar sürecine hangi aşamalarda ne şekilde etki edilebileceği araştırma konusu olmuştur. Son zamanların önemle üzerinde durulan pazarlama fenomenlerinden biri de internet ve internet üzerinden satın alma eğilimleridir. İnternet üzerinden satın alma davranışı da aynı şekilde gerek işletmelerin gerekse akademisyenlerin önemle üzerinde durup inceledikleri bir konudur. Bu çalışmada tüketicilerin internet kullanma yoğunluğu temelinde, “internetten alış-verişe yönelik satın alma karar süreçleri”, “internette gerçekleştirdikleri faaliyetler” ve “demografik özellikler” açısından fark olup olmadığını incelenmiştir. Ayrıca, interneti yoğun veya az kullanmakla birlikte, internetten alış-veriş yapan tüketicilerin ayırt edici özellikleri belirlenmiştir.-Consumer buying process is one of the center of attention both businesses and academics for many years. Which factors influence the consumer decision making and buying stages have trying to explain by various models and which factors affecting the decision process have been investigated by many researcher. Internet and purchasing via internet are one of the very important marketing phenomenons of last decades. Purchasing via internet is also a hot topic among the business and academics. In this study consumers use the Internet on the basis of intensity, “internet shopping for the purchase decision process”, “internet activities performed”, and “demographic characteristics” in term of whether the differences were examined. In addition consumer’s distinctive characteristics have been identified in order to internet usage frequencies.

  8. New Approaches to Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Demonstrated in Oregon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priest, G. R.; Rizzo, A.; Madin, I.; Lyles Smith, R.; Stimely, L.

    2012-12-01

    methods were: (1) door-to-door (person-to-person) education, (2) evacuation drills, (3) outreach to K-12 schools, (4) media events, and (5) workshops targeted to key audiences (lodging facilities, teachers, and local officials). Community organizers were hired to apply these five methods to clusters of small communities, measuring performance by before and after polling. Organizers were encouraged to approach the top priority, person-to-person education, by developing Community Emergency Response Teams (CERT) or CERT-like organizations in each community, thereby leaving behind a functioning volunteer-based group that will continue the outreach program and build long term resiliency. One of the most effective person-to-person educational tools was the Map Your Neighborhood program that brings people together so they can sketch the basic layout of their neighborhoods to depict key earthquake and tsunami hazards and mitigation solutions. The various person-to-person volunteer efforts and supporting outreach activities are knitting communities together and creating a permanent culture of tsunami and earthquake preparedness. All major Oregon coastal population centers will have been covered by this intensive outreach program by ~2014.

  9. Factors Influencing the Decision to Proceed to Firmware Upgrades to Implanted Pacemakers for Cybersecurity Risk Mitigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saxon, Leslie A; Varma, Niraj; Epstein, Laurence M; Ganz, Leonard I; Epstein, Andrew E

    2018-05-10

    In August 2017, the first major recall for cybersecurity vulnerabilities in pacemakers capable of remote connectivity was released that impacted 465,000 United States patients. 1,2 The FDA approved a firmware update designed by the manufacturer of the devices as a remediation (Abbott , formally St. Jude Medical). The recall was in response to the public disclosure of vulnerability by an investment firm and produced in a lab environment that could allow an unauthorized party in close proximity to a patient to impact the performance of the device or modify device settings via radio frequency communication. 3 While an exploit has not occurred in a patient and requires a high degree of resources and skill to execute, if accomplished, it could pose a significant risk to device safety and essential performance and cause patient harm. The FDA defines this as an uncontrolled vulnerability. 2 The recall recommendations were coordinated between the FDA, the Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT), a division of Homeland Security that responds to and coordinates disclosure of critical infrastructure cybersecurity vulnerabilities and Abbott. 1 All parties urged caution and shared decision making between patient and clinician as to whether to have the device firmware update, a process that requires a clinic visit to implement with a device programmer. The manufacturer bench tested the firmware update but the only prior experience with an implanted device firmware updates was a 2012 ICD firmware update that demonstrated a 0.197% risk of device back-up mode pacing after the upgrade was performed.

  10. Les filles d’Hannah Arendt, les « sœurs de solitude » dans l’arène politique antillaise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max Bélaise

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available La représentation que les femmes ont d’elles-mêmes et du monde va indéniablement conditionner leurs engagements dans la République des mâles. Or dans l’échelle de ses objectifs, la femme antillaise ne fait pas de son engagement militant une priorité. Certes, le contexte culturel dans lequel elle évolue n’est pas étranger à cette posture qu’elle adopte. Cependant, de façon paradoxale, elle se distingue par ses capacités d’entreprendre et de réussir dans le monde des affaires. Sans doute une longue tradition de débrouillardise pour la survie de sa progéniture et d’elle-même, en d’autre terme pour l’oikonomia, constituerait la matrice d’une telle compétence économique.The view that women have of themselves and of the world  undoubtedly conditions their commitments to the “Republic of males”. In its list of priorities,  the Caribbean woman does not exhibit a militant commitment to sex equality. Certainly, the cultural context in which  women live does not encourage this stance. Nevertheless, paradoxically, Caribbean women are able to succeed and prosper in the business world.  Perhaps a long tradition of resourcefulness for the survival of her offspring and of herself , in other words for the oikonomia, constitutes the basis for such an economic competence. Introduction

  11. FORMACIÓN INICIAL DEL PROFESORADO SOBRE GÉNERO Y COEDUCACIÓN: IMPACTOS METACOGNITIVOS DE LA INCLUSIÓN CURRICULAR TRANSVERSAL SOBRE SEXISMO Y HOMOFOBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael García Pérez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Investigamos una innovación educativa para incorporar transversalmente la perspectiva de género en la formación inicial de profesionales de la educación. Se experimenta en las asignaturas de Diagnóstico en Educación (1º Psicopedagogía y Técnicas e Instrumentos de Diagnóstico (2º Pedagogía, con muy similares planteamientos, profesorado y materiales didácticos compartidos. La incorporación transversal de la perspectiva de género se facilita por la necesidad de contar con ejemplos y casos para el estudio de los contenidos metodológicos, vinculándolos a los trabajos prácticos de las asignaturas. Se aplica la lógica comparativo-causal en un estudio pre-experimental, ex post facto, aplicando pos-test con grupos naturales (experimentales y de control. La muestra incidental implica a 348 participantes, alumnos y alumnas de la Universidad de Sevilla. Se aplican test metacognitivos tipo CERT (conocimiento y seguridad que permiten valorar el ajuste metacognitivo a través de variables como la propia seguridad, la coherencia y el realismo en el manejo de los conceptos. Los resultados demuestran el impacto metacognitivo causado en el pensamiento sobre género y coeducación que maneja el alumnado universitario participante en estas iniciativas, concluyendo con un llamamiento a la mejora de los títulos que aportan formación inicial para los futuros profesores y profesoras del sistema educativo.

  12. Serum C-reactive protein and C-reactive gene (-717C>T polymorphism are not associated with periodontitis in Indonesian male patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonius Winoto Suhartono

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease caused by periodontal pathogens and influenced by multiple risk factors such as genetics, smoking habit, age and systemic diseases. The inflammatory cascade is characterized by the release of C-reactive protein (CRP. Periodontitis has been reported to have plausible links to increased level of CRP, which in turn has been associated to elevated risk of  cardiovascular disease (CVD. Purpose: The purpose of this study was t o investigate the relationship amongst the severity of periodontitis, CRP level in blood and CRP (-717 C>T gene polymorphism in male Indonesian smokers and non-smokers. Method: The severity of periodontitis was assessed for 97 consenting male Indonesian smokers and non-smokers. The CRP level of the subjects was determined by using immuno-turbidimetric assay performed in PARAHITA Diagnostic Center Laboratory ISO 9001: 2000 Cert No. 15225/2. The rate of CRP (-717C>T gene polymorphism was determined by using PCR-RFLP in Oral Biology Laboratory, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia. Result: The results suggest that the CRP protein level is not significantly associated with the tested CRP gene polymorphism (p>0.05. Also, while the severity of periodontitis increased significantly with subject age, the CRP level in blood serum was not significantly related to the severity of  periodontitis. The genotypes of the tested polymorphism did not show significant association with the severity of periodontitis either in smokers or in the combined population including smokers and non-smokers. The results naturally do not exclude such associations, but suggest that to discern the differences the sample size must be considerably increased. Conclusion: The CRP (-717C>T gene polymorphism and CRP level in blood serum were not found to be associated with the severity of periodontitis in male smokers or in the combined population of smokers and non-smokers.

  13. The Actors of the Maghribian Diplomacy with the Christian World (12th-15th centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérian, Dominique

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the originalities of the diplomatic practice of the Maghrebian sovereigns with northern Christian States resides in the use of very different types of ambassadors. Whereas the embassies sent to other sovereigns of the world of Islam are all Moslem, eventually Jewish, one finds many Christians as ambassadors sent for missions to Iberian or Italian States. As mercenaries or merchants mostly, they have certainly a good knowledge of the international relations of the time. But they have also a very ambiguous statute within the framework of the Islamo-Christian relations in the Mediterranean. The Maghrebian sovereigns actually use, according to needs for the mission, Christian or Moslem agents, still keeping an effective control on important political decisions.

    Une des originalités de la pratique diplomatique des souverains maghrébins en direction des Etats chrétiens du nord réside dans l’envoi d’ambassadeurs de profils très variés. Alors que les ambassades envoyées à d’autres souverains du monde de l’Islam sont tous musulmans, éventuellement juifs, on trouve de nombreux chrétiens comme ambassadeurs chargés de missions auprès des puissances ibériques ou italiennes. Mercenaires ou marchands le plus souvent, ils ont certes une bonne connaissance des relations internationales de l’époque. Mais ils n’en ont pas moins un statut ambigu dans le cadre des relations islamo-chrétiennes en Méditerranée. Les souverains maghrébins utilisent en réalité, selon les besoins de la mission, des agents chrétiens et musulmans, mais tout en gardant un contrôle efficace sur les décisions prises.

  14. La dépossession. Réformes, enseignement supérieur et pouvoirs au Maghreb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Ghouati

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Inséré dans la stratégie économique de Lisbonne le processus de Bologne a été d’emblée pris en charge par la Commission européenne et confié ensuite aux États de l’Union européenne (UE via des experts. Il a permis à la Commission de prendre un certain pouvoir sur les États nationaux notamment en matière de réforme éducative. Or ce mode institutionnel de pilotage a également été reproduit lors de l’élargissement du processus de Bologne à trois pays du Maghreb : Algérie, Maroc et Tunisie. Officiellement, le processus est jugé positivement par les responsables européens et maghrébins. Cependant ni les étudiants ni les enseignants ne semblent partager les objectifs institutionnels. Après une description du mode d’appropriation du processus, nous exposons dans cet article une partie des résultats d’une enquête de terrain menée par questionnaires de novembre 2007 à mai 2008 au Maghreb auprès d’enseignants et d’enseignants-chercheurs (N=125. Notre hypothèse est que le processus de Bologne s'inscrit certes dans une logique économique (globale, mais il est décliné aussi par les pouvoirs locaux dans le cadre d'un procès de domination et/ou de dépossession des sociétés locales.

  15. Corrosion evaluation and control of cooling systems of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, U. C.; Sung, K. W.; Na, J. W.

    2002-04-01

    We supplemented a database for evaluation of problems in high temperature corrosion degradation at domestic NPPs, and investigated corrosion mitigation methodologies for modification of water chemistry guidelines and operating conditions for life extension as follows: 1) crevice chemistry evaluation by using CAP code, hide-out return tests in a Crevice Test Apparatus, analysis of water chemistry guideline revision history; 2) analysis on main steam generator tube damages, H 2 -dependent crack propagation rate tests of Alloy 600 CRDM material, SCC test of Ni-based alloy in mid-ranged pH by electrochemical polarization and of reduced sulfur influence by corrosion potential measurement, Pb-and CuO-SCC behavior tests, TiO 2 inhibitor penetration test, SCC evaluation, electrochemical observation; 3) loop tests on erosion-corrosion resistance of piping material with ICr-1/2Mo and 21/4 Cr-1Mo, evaluation of current pH-controlling agents based on thermodynamic analysis of amines; 4) SCC susceptibility and H 2 -embrittlement tests of turbine material(3.5NiCrMoV); 5) analyses of Zn-compound for radioactivity reduction and of hydrolysis equilibrium with adsorption test against resins, CERT tests on PWSCC susceptibility of Alloy 600, evaluation of operation mode-dependent radiation level by using CRUSIM code; 6) solubility calculation of radiolysis products of NH 3 , the pH-controlling agent of small-and medium-sized reactors, temperature estimation for obtaining lowest N 2 solubility and of NH 3 content required for optimum pH control, fatigue crack growth test of SG materials(ASTM Grade 2 Ti)

  16. La transformation de la politique sur Internet : de la politique-spectacle à la cyberdémocratie d’activisme citoyen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Dader

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Les nouvelles technologies de la communication et de l’information appliquées à la communication politique sont en train de provoquer une transformation profonde de la représentation et de l’exercice de la politique dans les sociétés avancées. La plupart des nouvelles ressources de ce qu’on a commencé à appeler « la technopolitique » n’introduisent qu’une plus grande spectacularité, sentimentalisation et futilité dans la présentation des leaders, partis politiques et gouvernements face à la citoyenneté. Les vidéos politiques sur Youtube, le « marketing viral » et la « twitter-manie » augmentent certes l’impact scénique mais souvent aussi la distorsion propagandiste au détriment de l’analyse des propositions électorales et des réalités de la gestion politique. Cependant, ces mêmes technologies facilitent la création de nouveaux espaces de contrôle social, de délibération et suivi critique de la politique grâce à des mouvements citoyens qui profitent du potentiel des TIC pour avancer vers une « Démocratie 2.0 » ou « Cyberdémocratie » progressive. Quelques exemples choisis parmi les deux tendances permettront de comprendre les ombres et lumières de l’environnement numérique de la nouvelle communication politique.

  17. Les perspectives nutritionnelles offertes par les OGM en alimentation humaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Gérard

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Une étude des brevets récents, des publications scientifiques ainsi que des documents présentant les projets des firmes de biotechnologie constituent la base de cet article qui présente les perspectives de développement en alimentation humaine des organismes génétiquement modifiés (OGM présentant un intérêt nutritionnel. Si l’on trouve dans les brevets et les publications scientifiques des applications qui concernent l’amélioration ou l’enrichissement de la composition en macro- et micronutriments, ces applications restent curieusement à l’état de projets, très loin de la mise sur le marché. Les critiques aussi bien que les louanges dont sont l’objet les rares cas dont on pourrait envisager une mise en œuvre à moyen terme, comme le « riz doré », sont aussi injustifiées et excessives les unes que les autres. Les violentes polémiques autour des OGM risquent de handicaper le développement d’une technique puissante, qui n’est certes pas indispensable pour apporter une solution à l’éradication de la faim dans le monde, mais qui peut apporter des améliorations à la nutrition des populations, aussi bien des populations des pays en développement que des pays développés.

  18. ETUDES ANALYTIQUES : Détection des OGM : du libre choix des consommateurs aux études de biovigilance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertheau Yves

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Les récentes affaires de semences conventionnelles de colza et de maïs contaminées par des traces d’OGM ont à nouveau, s’il en était besoin, rappelé à notre bon souvenir les besoins en méthodes de détection et d’identification des OGM fiables et sensibles. Les développements se poursuivent, certes bien plus lentement qu’initialement espéré du fait du nombre important de facteurs à maîtriser et du caractère relativement inédit de ce travail. Concernant des matrices alimentaires variées, cette détection se heurte au manque de recul dans plusieurs domaines tels que celui de l’extraction et la purification d’acides nucléiques en quantité et en qualité. Bien que développées pour satisfaire aux besoins réglementaires européens concernant l’alimentation humaine, ces méthodes devraient être aisément applicables dans d’autres domaines concernés par les OGM (étude des transferts de gènes par flux pollinique, éventuels transferts horizontaux, suivi des acides nucléiques lors de l’ingestion.... Au-delà des OGM, les méthodes mises en œuvre devraient présenter un intérêt dans d’autres domaines comme la microbiologie, l’épidémiologie ou l’authentification des composants biologiques d’un produit.

  19. Careers and workforce issues in nuclear science and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jonah, S.A.; Osaisai, F.E.

    2010-01-01

    In order to realize Nigeria's aspiration to harness nuclear science and technology for socio-economic development of the society, the federal government of Nigeria charged the Nigeria Atomic Energy Commission (NAEC) with the responsibility of promotion and development of peaceful uses of nuclear energy in all its ramifications. In realization of this laudable objective, two University-based nuclear research centres at Ile-Ife (i.e. Centre for Energy Research and Development, CERD, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife) and Zaria (i.e. Centre for Energy Research and Training, CERT, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria) under the supervision of NAEC are already running R and D programmes in nuclear science and technology for over three decades. A third centre, also under the supervision of the Commission in Abuja namely the Nuclear Technology Centre (NTC) located within the Sheda Science and Technology Complex (SHESTCO) was established in 1991 and operates a Gamma Irradiation Faci lity (GIF). Furthermore, NAEC has instituted a number of programmes including a road map aimed at the introduction of nuclear option into the energy mix of the country with projected targets of 1000MWe and 4000MWe by 2017 and 2027 respectively. However, with the number of nuclear scientists, engineers and technicians required to run a 1000MWe power plant put at 1000, there is the need to grow human capital for the industry in Nigeria. In this presentation, exciting opportunities in nuclear science for young graduates are enumerated. The importance of nuclear science and technology education vis-a-vis national economy and security for improved living standard is discussed. Specific workforce issues and sample career choices in medical science, the environment and energy applications are highlighted. Progress made so far by NAEC in the area of human resources development and capacity building is presented.

  20. Domestic UK retrofit challenge: Barriers, incentives and current performance leading into the Green Deal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dowson, Mark; Poole, Adam; Harrison, David; Susman, Gideon

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews the thermal performance of the existing UK housing stock, the main fabric efficiency incentive schemes and the barriers to obtaining deep energy and CO 2 savings throughout the stock. The UK faces a major challenge to improve the thermal performance of its existing housing stock. Millions of dwellings possess ‘hard-to-treat’ solid walls and have glazing which is not cost effective to improve. A range of fabric efficiency incentive schemes exist, but many do not target the full range of private and social housing. From now on, the Green Deal will be the UK's key energy efficiency policy. However, the scheme is forecasted to have low consumer appeal and low incentives for investors. Moreover, calculated Green Deal loan repayments will be reliant upon estimated energy savings, yet it is claimed that retrofit measures may only be half as effective as anticipated due to a lack of monitoring, poor quality installation and the increased use of heating following refurbishment. Looking to Germany, there has been success through the Passivhaus standard, but the UK currently lacks appropriate skills and cost effective components to replicate this approach. In addition, the embodied energy in retrofit products and materials threatens to counter operational savings. - Highlights: ► CERT, CESP, Decent homes and Warm Front have not targeted the full extent of private and social homes. ► There is a risk that Green Deal will fail due to low consumer appeal and low incentives for investors. ► Up to half of the predicted energy savings from whole house retrofits may not be achieved in practice. ► Passivhaus is identified as best practice for retrofit, yet there is a lack of skills and components. ► Embodied energy in materials and components must be better understood to achieve life cycle savings.