WorldWideScience

Sample records for ceremonial behavior

  1. The LEP groundbreaking ceremony

    CERN Multimedia

    1983-01-01

    French President Francois Mitterand and Swiss President Pierre Aubert visiting CERN for the LEP ground-breaking ceremony on 13 September 1983. They are seen here with Emilio Picasso, LEP project director, and Herwig Schopper, CERN's then Director-General.

  2. Ceremony for ATLAS cavern

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Wednesday 4 June will be a special day for CERN. The President of the Swiss Confederation, Pascal Couchepin, will officially inaugurate the huge ATLAS cavern now that the civil engineering works have ended. The inauguration ceremony will be held in the ATLAS surface building, with speeches by Pascal Couchepin and CERN, ATLAS and civil engineering personalities. This ceremony will be Webcast live. To access the Webcast on 4 June at 18h00 go to CERN Intranet home page or the following address : http://webcast.cern.ch/live.php

  3. Nobel Prize ceremony 2013

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    On 10 December 2013 particle physics took central stage at the Nobel ceremony in Stockholm. Among the invitees were Fabiola Gianotti, former ATLAS spokesperson, Joseph Incandela, CMS Spokesperson, and CERN theorist Luis Alvarez-Gaume. They share their feelings of the memorable day with us.   Overview of the 2013 Nobel Prize Award Ceremony at the Stockholm Concert Hall. © Nobel Media AB 2013. Photo: Alex Ljungdahl. Fabiola Gianotti and Joe Incandela, at the Nobel Banquet in the Stockholm City Hall.   "It was an honour and a thrill for us to attend such a memorable Nobel prize ceremony and we are very grateful to Peter Higgs for having included us among his invited guests. The ceremony held some special moments for the LHC. In his speech prior to the award of the Nobel prize to Francois Englert and Peter Higgs by King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Lars Brink (Chair of the Physics Nobel Prize Committee) stressed the importance of the results from the LHC exper...

  4. Opera considered as state ceremony

    OpenAIRE

    Bereson, R.

    1997-01-01

    This thesis attempts to show the ways in which governments treat opera as an institution, endorsing, through ceremony and ritual, the power of the state. Its main contention is that the opera institution (which combines opera companies and opera houses) is useful to the state and supported by it for reasons other than cultural. It will be argued that opera has performed these supra-artistic functions since its first performances, held as celebrations to commemorate important events in the duc...

  5. The 2008 anatomy ceremony: essays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elansary, Mei; Goldberg, Ben; Qian, Ting; Rizzolo, Lawrence J

    2009-03-01

    When asked to relate my experience of anatomy to the first-year medical and physician associate students at Yale before the start of their own first dissection, I found no better words to share than those of my classmates. Why speak with only one tongue, I said, when you can draw on 99 others? Anatomical dissection elicits what our course director, Lawrence Rizzolo, has called a "diversity of experience," which, in turn, engenders a diversity of expressions. For Yale medical and physician associate students, this diversity is captured each year in a ceremony dedicated to those who donated their bodies for dissection. The service is an opportunity to offer thanks, but because only students and faculty are in attendance, it is also a place to share and address the complicated tensions that arise while examining, invading, and ultimately disassembling another's body. It is our pleasure to present selected pieces from the ceremony to the Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine readership. PMID:19325944

  6. ALICE Awards ceremony on 17 March 2006

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2006-01-01

    The third annual ALICE Awards ceremony recognizes three companies for their contribution to the experiment's detector. Representatives from the companies accepted their awards at the ceremony, which was also attended by CERN Secretary-General Maximilian Metzger and members of the ALICE Collaboration Board.

  7. The Mourning Ceremony for The Victims

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ At 14:28 on the afternoon of May 19, CCPIT held the Mourning Ceremony for the victims of the May-12 Wenchuan 8.0-magnitude earthquake. Over 300 people including all staff members of CCPIT offices and departments as well as CCPIT enterprises and institutions at-tended the ceremony and mourned for the victims for three min-utes, expressing their deeply-felt grief.

  8. The 25th Anniversary Ceremony

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 23 June a ceremony was held at CERN to mark the 25th anniversary of the Organization. A distinguished gathering (including eight Ministers from the CERN Member States, ten Ambassadors, local Genevese and French authorities and representaves of Laboratories and Universiles) participated in a most impressive and dignified day. The object of research at CERN is to study the ultimate constituents of matter and the ultimate forces of nature, the driving forces of all natural processes. The first step, the insight into atomic structure, was based upon the discovery of quantum mechanics, a new type of dynamics that dominates atomic processes. It led to an understanding of most phenomena that occur on the surface of the earth, chemical processes, light absorption, emission and reflection, electric and magnetic effects, and the diverse properties of materials, metals, minerals, plastics and liquids. The second step opened up the nuclear realm and led to the discovery of phenomena such as nuclear reactions, radioactivity, fission, fusion; phenomena that are inactive or unimportant under ordinary terrestrial conditions. The third step, the subnuclear realm, again led to the discovery of new phenomena; a large number of short-lived entities were found: mesons, antimatter, excited states of the proton and neutron and the new subnuclear fundamental particles: the quarks

  9. The Japanese Tea Ceremony and stress management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keenan, J

    1996-01-01

    When people attend a Japanese Tea Ceremony, they often remark that it had a calming effect on them. The Tea Ceremony can be much more than that, however. Serious practitioners of tea develop a mind set and body control that enables them to transform tension-producing details of everyday life into moments of beauty, meaningfulness and tranquility. This effect comes from ritualizing ordinary chores and giving them an esthetic dimension and a noble motivation. Such discipline of mind and body also enables tea people to concentrate solely on the present moment, thereby shutting out worries about the past and anxieties about the future. PMID:8550688

  10. The Japanese Tea Ceremony and stress management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keenan, J

    1996-01-01

    When people attend a Japanese Tea Ceremony, they often remark that it had a calming effect on them. The Tea Ceremony can be much more than that, however. Serious practitioners of tea develop a mind set and body control that enables them to transform tension-producing details of everyday life into moments of beauty, meaningfulness and tranquility. This effect comes from ritualizing ordinary chores and giving them an esthetic dimension and a noble motivation. Such discipline of mind and body also enables tea people to concentrate solely on the present moment, thereby shutting out worries about the past and anxieties about the future.

  11. 20 CFR 222.12 - Ceremonial marriage relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Ceremonial marriage relationship. 222.12... FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Relationship as Wife, Husband, or Widow(er) § 222.12 Ceremonial marriage relationship. A valid ceremonial marriage is one which would be recognized as valid by the courts of the...

  12. Awarding Ceremony and New Arrivals of Blissliving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The long expected Lan-Blisslivinghome Global Home Design Contest announced the winners on April 17 in Beijing.Young designers,Wang Yingying from Beijing and Qiang Xiaoning from Shanxi stood out from the crowd and won the first and second prize respectively.Malgorzata Czuchraj from Poland ranks the third.On the awarding ceremony,Blisslivinghome presented its autumn and winter new arrivals.

  13. The Master of Ceremonies : Dramaturgies of Power

    OpenAIRE

    Brueckner, Laura Anne

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation argues that the theatrical master of ceremonies, an entity seen in many genres of popular theatre across centuries, exists in every instance as the expression of specific understandings of (and anxieties about) coercive social power. By examining key dramaturgical components of this entity, and comparing them to attributes of several modes of real power, I will show how the MC adapts the presentational techniques of power for the stage, producing a phenomenon I call "synthet...

  14. Kocel Steel Foundry Grand Opening Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN Shi-jiang

    2006-01-01

    @@ On May 9, 2006 the Grand Opening ceremony of Kocel Steel Foundry Co., Ltd. was held in the National Economic and Technological Development Zone in Yinchuan City, Ningxia, China. Kocel Steel Foundry Co.,Ltd. is a large scale enterprise producing steel castings and it is jointly established by Ningxia Kocel Group,Changcheng Suzaki Machine & Foundry Co., Ltd. and Voestalpine Giesserei Linz GmbH, Austria.

  15. MANNERS ANALYSIS AND THE TEACHING METHOD BASED ON DIGITAL ARCHIVING OF SCHOOLS OF JAPANESE TEA CEREMONY

    OpenAIRE

    小林, 大真

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, due to a decrease of the tea ceremony of the population we lose the culture of the tea ceremony. I analyze the movement of the tea ceremony by motion capture. Also I save the movement of the tea ceremony by motion capture. I fabricating a 3D animation integrated with CG was acquired data. And I spread the tea ceremony.

  16. Corporate Responsibility as Myth and Ceremony

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haack, Patrick; Martignoni, Dirk; Schoeneborn, Dennis

    Organizations adopt corporate responsibility (CR) policies often ceremonially, meaning that policy adoption is not substantive and lacks alignment with actual practice. Prior research in institutional theory has largely assumed as static view of adoption and suggests that a situation of opacity (i......-related policies can be advanced by leaving organizations significant leeway and autonomy in their adoption decision. In turn, institutionalization may be hampered by initial requests for transparency and organizational accountability. We discuss implications for (1) efforts to institutionalize CR as a global...... governance mechanism and (2) the institutional theory concepts of decoupling and (re-)coupling....

  17. The First Olympus Confocal Micro Imaging Competition China Award Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On January 20, 2010, the award ceremony for the First Olympus Confocal Micro Imaging Competition China was held in Beijing. After rounds of judging and competition, 16 photos finally won the prize.The First Olympus Confocal MicroImaging Competition China Award Ceremony was organized by Sciencenet.cn

  18. Definitional Ceremonies: Integrating Community into Multicultural Counseling Sessions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bitter, James Robert; Robertson, Patricia E.; Roig, Grace; Disqueact, J. Graham

    2004-01-01

    Definitional Ceremonies are used as a forum for integrating members of diverse cultures into multicultural counseling sessions. The authors provide a philosophical foundation, implementation process, and excerpts from a typescript of a recent definitional ceremony involving a women and her mother, both recently in the United States from Panama.

  19. The Ceremonial Elements of Non-Native Cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horwood, Bert

    1994-01-01

    Explores reasons behind the wrongful adoption of Native American ceremonies by Euro-Americans. Focuses on the need for ceremony, its relevance to environmental education, and the fact that some immigrant cultural traditions neither fit this new land nor value the earth. Suggests how non-Natives can express their connection to the land by creating…

  20. I Wish We Could Be Together: The Candle Ceremony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Caroline V.

    1999-01-01

    Notes that young children need to express joys and sadness; discusses candle ceremony designed for discussions of grief. Suggests teachers inform parents of the ceremony and solicit their help in preparing children, resolve not to try to solve all problems that may be discussed, inform children the moments are private, and plan for difficult…

  1. 28 CFR 551.16 - Marriage ceremony in the institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... approved marriage; for example, by providing, or arranging for an inmate to receive, pre-nuptial marriage... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Marriage ceremony in the institution. 551... MANAGEMENT MISCELLANEOUS Marriages of Inmates § 551.16 Marriage ceremony in the institution. (a) The...

  2. Remarks delivered at the awards ceremony

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brumberger, H.; Hendricks, R.W. (eds.)

    1978-06-01

    For almost four decades, the distinguished trio of professors, W. W. Beeman, A. Guinier, and O. Kratky, have provided leadership of the field of small-angle scattering through both their teaching and their personal research. Collectively, they have authored or coauthored over 400 scientific articles and reviews, several books, and have been associated with over 140 graduate and postdoctoral students. It was thus appropriate that each should be honored for his outstanding contributions to the field at the Fourth International Conference on Small-Angle Scattering which was held in Gatlinburg, Tennessee, in October 1977. The Board of Directors of the Special Interest Group on Small-Angle Scattering of the American Crystallographic Association in conjunction with the Conference Organizing Committee, arranged a special awards ceremony during which each honoree presented his personal reminiscences of the development of small-angle scattering in his own laboratory. This report is a record of this event.

  3. Old and new rites of passage in contemporary Western societies: A focus on marriage and divorce ceremonies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Arosio

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with ceremonial behaviors related to changes of status in individuals’ life courses, that is to say, with rites of passage. Drawing on Arnold van Gennep’s classic book on Les rites de passage, we first discuss their meaning and explore their persistence over time. In contemporary societies some rites die out, others assert themselves. We suggest that this is the case of divorce rites. With the demise of the circumstances that prevented divorce from being considered a transition event in the lives of individuals, the need has arisen to create ceremonial rites for the end of marriage. In this light, we interpret the growing interest in phenomena such as divorce ceremonies and divorce parties.

  4. Ribbon-cutting ceremony for Building 774

    CERN Multimedia

    Corinne Pralavorio

    2015-01-01

    On Friday, 12 June, the brand-new Building 774 on the Prévessin site was officially opened by Rolf Heuer, Director-General of CERN, and Stéphane Donnot, sous-préfet of Gex, together with Serge Moulon, deputy mayor of Saint-Genis-Pouilly, and Aurélie Charillon, mayor of Prévessin-Moëns and a member of the Conseil départemental de l’Ain.     Left to right: Serge Moulon, deputy mayor of Saint-Genis-Pouilly, Stéphane Donnot, sous-préfet of Gex, Rolf Heuer, Director-General of CERN, and Aurélie Charillon, mayor of Prévessin-Moëns and a member of the Conseil départemental de l’Ain.   “Thanks to its innovative architecture, this iconic building is the jewel in the crown of the French site,” said Heuer. Prior to the ceremony, the Director-General had met the politicians to discuss relations between CERN a...

  5. Launch Ceremony for the U.S-China Standards Portal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ On November 9th, 2006, SAC (Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China), held "Launch Ceremony for the U.S-China Standards Platform" in Beijing. Mr.Liu Pingjun, Administrator of SAC, Mr. Buhadi, President of US National Standard Association, and Ms. Kelin, NIST, who spoke on behalf of the president of NIST, Mr.Jeffrey, separately delivered a warm address on the ceremony. In their speeches, they were highly complimentary about recent satisfactory cooperation in standardization between China and USA. To put "the U.S-China Standards Platform" into operation will be beneficial to both sides' standardization cooperation and exchange.

  6. Ceremonial en performance de viento teatro: pamuri mahse

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Duque Mesa

    2011-01-01

    Se aborda el Ceremonial en Performance de Viento Teatro: Pamuri Mahse, mito fundacional de los Desana del Vaupés (Colombia), investigación dada desde el Teatro Ceremonial de la Máscara Mítica, mundo de lenguajes inscritos en los imaginarios a través de claves y simbolizaciones de la tierra, el espíritu y el cosmos vueltos a leer e interpretar en el tiempo y en el espacio, a partir de los discursos mágicos y asombrosos de las máscaras, la plástica de las tierras, los movimientos en danza, teat...

  7. A World of Love 2008 Music Grand Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Under the guidance of the theme slogan of the 29th Olympic Games - One World One Dream, with dream, love and dedication as its theme, the 2008 Music Grand Ceremony & 1000 People Charity Concert on 100 days countdown to Paralympic Games is officially launched on December 22, 2007. The 2008 Music Grand Ceremony is sponsored by China Disabled Persons' Federation, and co-hosted by National Paralympic Committee of China, China Huaxia Culture Group and Beijing Hanbohongyuan Culture Development Co., Ltd., aiming at supporting Chinese paralympic delegation in the 2008 Paralympic Games.

  8. A World of Love 2008 Music Grand Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bai; Yifeng

    2008-01-01

      Under the guidance of the theme slogan of the 29th Olympic Games - One World One Dream, with dream, love and dedication as its theme, the 2008 Music Grand Ceremony & 1000 People Charity Concert on 100 days countdown to Paralympic Games is officially launched on December 22, 2007. The 2008 Music Grand Ceremony is sponsored by China Disabled Persons' Federation, and co-hosted by National Paralympic Committee of China, China Huaxia Culture Group and Beijing Hanbohongyuan Culture Development Co., Ltd., aiming at supporting Chinese paralympic delegation in the 2008 Paralympic Games.……

  9. 77 FR 19095 - Security Zone; USCGC STRATTON Commissioning Ceremony, Alameda, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zone; USCGC STRATTON Commissioning Ceremony... the USCGC STRATTON commissioning ceremony. DATES: This rule is effective from 12 p.m. on March 30... and security of the commissioning ceremony. Under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3), the Coast Guard finds good...

  10. 20 CFR 404.725 - Evidence of a valid ceremonial marriage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Evidence of a valid ceremonial marriage. 404... DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Evidence Evidence of Age, Marriage, and Death § 404.725 Evidence of a valid ceremonial marriage. (a) General. A valid ceremonial marriage is one that follows procedures set by law...

  11. Ceremonial en performance de viento teatro: pamuri mahse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Duque Mesa

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Se aborda el Ceremonial en Performance de Viento Teatro: Pamuri Mahse, mito fundacional de los Desana del Vaupés (Colombia, investigación dada desde el Teatro Ceremonial de la Máscara Mítica, mundo de lenguajes inscritos en los imaginarios a través de claves y simbolizaciones de la tierra, el espíritu y el cosmos vueltos a leer e interpretar en el tiempo y en el espacio, a partir de los discursos mágicos y asombrosos de las máscaras, la plástica de las tierras, los movimientos en danza, teatro, música, escenografía y cantos. La performer recuerda el acto fundacional mítico de unas culturas milenarias, quienes profesan las más antiguas y a la vez las más modernas artes, articulando en el performance, artes que no les son extrañas, en el mundo de la creatividad y de la imaginación. Les puede sonar muy extraño el término performance, porque para ellos todo esto es sencillamente un Ceremonial.

  12. 法科教育中法律仪式教育的意义及其实现%The Significance and Its Realization of Legal Ceremony Education in Law Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈秋云; 翟晶

    2012-01-01

    Legal ceremony as a special form kind of ceremony,reflected in the whole process of law operating.Law ceremony is that in the process of law operation that the general of ceremony about what happened with law meaning.The important value of legal ceremony lies in through the specific subjects' specific behavior,specific language,or the use of specific objects,shown by the spirit experience,in order to achieve the blend between the rule of law and the value of the law.Legal ceremony has regularization and which not regularization two points.Regularization of legal ceremony scattered exist in our country of laws and regulations,fragmentized characteristics.Legal ceremony education in our country's law education department in the catalogue department law teaching,much of the content is regularization of legal ceremony.Law textbook has no the concept of legal ceremony,which not regularization in basically law education is not exist.It has positive significance that legal ceremony education on students' skills and vocational moral cultivation.%法律仪式作为仪式的一种特殊形式体现在法律运行的整个过程之中。法律仪式有规则化的(制度化的)与未被规则化的之分。规则化了的法律仪式零散存在于我国法律法规之中,呈碎片化特征。法律仪式教育在我国法科教育中散见于部门法学的教学中,内容多为规则化了的法律仪式。法学教课书中并没有法律仪式这一概念,未被规则化的法律仪式在法科教育中是不存在的。法律仪式教育对法科学生的技能与职业道德的培养有着积极意义。

  13. Therapeutic Potential of a Drum and Dance Ceremony Based on the African Ngoma Tradition

    OpenAIRE

    Vinesett, Ava L.; Price, Miurel; Wilson, Kenneth H.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Objective: Ngoma ceremonies are used throughout Central and South Africa to help people address “difficult issues,” including medical illness. They are examples of ceremonies that use strong rhythms and dance for this purpose in indigenous cultures throughout the world. This study sought to modify an ngoma ceremony to make it appropriate for biomedical use and to determine its acceptance and potential for benefit for people living in the United States. Methods: The Congolese Zebola c...

  14. The use of sugar cane on traditional ceremony in Tabanan, Bali

    OpenAIRE

    I WAYAN SUMANTERA; I NYOMAN PENENG

    2005-01-01

    Sugar cane or tebu (Saccharum officinarum L.) is useful in Hinduism ceremonies in Bali, so that the people plant it in the home yard. Its population is not big but it spreads all over Bali. The farmers use it to be the merchandise at the markets, especially for the ritual ceremonies uses. The use of sugar cane in ritual ceremonies is very popular as symbolize of wedding ceremony. The sugar cane is put in front part of the cars when they go to the bride’s house for the permission. The sugar ca...

  15. Mortality among female practitioners of Chanoyu (Japanese "tea-ceremony").

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadakata, S; Fukao, A; Hisamichi, S

    1992-04-01

    A cohort study aimed to evaluate the effect of drinking green tea on longevity was performed. Three thousand three hundred and eighty female practitioners of chanoyu (Japanese tea-ceremony), living in Tokyo, were followed from 1980 to 1988, and 280 were dead during this period. Standardized mortality ratios were estimated 0.55 when all Japanese women was used as standard population and 0.57 when women living in Tokyo was used, indicating the possibility that green tea is a protective factor for several fatal diseases. PMID:1502694

  16. Mortality among female practitioners of Chanoyu (Japanese "tea-ceremony").

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadakata, S; Fukao, A; Hisamichi, S

    1992-04-01

    A cohort study aimed to evaluate the effect of drinking green tea on longevity was performed. Three thousand three hundred and eighty female practitioners of chanoyu (Japanese tea-ceremony), living in Tokyo, were followed from 1980 to 1988, and 280 were dead during this period. Standardized mortality ratios were estimated 0.55 when all Japanese women was used as standard population and 0.57 when women living in Tokyo was used, indicating the possibility that green tea is a protective factor for several fatal diseases.

  17. Astronomical Orientations of Bora Ceremonial Grounds in Southeast Australia

    CERN Document Server

    Fuller, Robert S; Norris, Ray P

    2013-01-01

    Ethnographic evidence indicates that bora (initiation) ceremonial sites in southeast Australia, which typically comprise a pair of circles connected by a pathway, are symbolically reflected in the Milky Way as the 'Sky Bora'. This evidence also indicates that the position of the Sky Bora signifies the time of the year when initiation ceremonies are held. We use archaeological data to test the hypothesis that southeast Australian bora grounds have a preferred orientation to the position of the Milky Way in the night sky in August, when the plane of the galaxy from Crux to Sagittarius is roughly vertical in the evening sky to the south-southwest. We accomplish this by measuring the orientations of 68 bora grounds using a combination of data from the archaeological literature and site cards in the New South Wales Aboriginal Heritage Information Management System database. We find that bora grounds have a preferred orientation to the south and southwest, consistent with the Sky Bora hypothesis. Monte Carlo statis...

  18. Astronomical orientations of bora ceremonial grounds in southeast Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Robert S.; Hamacher, Duane W.; Norris, Ray P.

    2013-12-01

    Ethnographic evidence indicates that bora (initiation) ceremonial sites in southeast Australia, which typically comprise a pair of circles connected by a pathway, are symbolically reflected in the Milky Way as the 'Sky Bora'. This evidence also indicates that the position of the Sky Bora signifies the time of year when initiation ceremonies are held. We use archaeological data to test the hypothesis that southeast Australian bora grounds have a preferred orientation to the position of the Milky Way in the night sky in August, when the plane of the galaxy from Crux to Sagittarius is roughly vertical in the evening sky to the south-southwest. We accomplish this by measuring the orientations of 68 bora grounds using a combination of data from the archaeological literature, and site cards in the New South Wales Aboriginal Heritage Information Management System database. We find that bora grounds have a preferred orientation to the south and southwest, consistent with the Sky Bora hypothesis. Monte Carlo statistics show that these preferences were not the result of chance alignments, but were deliberate.

  19. The tea ceremony room in traditional Japan: a stylized organization of space and time?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Decreux

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper has the purpose to present the organization of the tea room in the Japanese traditional tea ceremony and its interactions with Japanese imaginary. It suggests mainly that this space is organized in such a way that it eventually appears to become a stylized living place, taking into account two requirements. The first one is clearly to provide a place where both host and guests can have an harmonious exchange around a bowl of tea. The second is to provide a place in harmony with an idealized cosmos expressing both the presence of an ecumene and of time, as it is perceived in the Japanese traditional spirit. The paper thus investigates the presence of diverse Japanese crafts: tatami, calligraphy and poetry, pottery, flowers, metalwork, Japanese pastry, sometimes clothes etc., but also the relationship with outer gardens, outside weather, and the rules of behavior between people. All of these elements are not only considered in relation to one another, but also in relation to the season, to the guests or to other elements of the situation. We emphasize the valorization of different places at some moments, the role of frontiers of some tatami borders or of the fan of each participant. The mutual respect between people playing different roles is also highlighted, as well as the respect towards the chosen objects. Finally, the coordination of the movements and places during the meeting creates a specific and often really appreciated atmosphere. These rules contribute to building a living socialized and idealized place in accordance with two of the well-known watchwords of the tea ceremony: wa kei sei jaku – harmony, respect, purity, tranquility and ichiko ichie one time, one meeting.

  20. "Next Time, Just Remember the Story": Unlearning Empire in Silko's "Ceremony"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akins, Adrienne

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses the unlearning empire in Leslie Marmon Silko's novel titled "Ceremony." "Ceremony' has received a wealth of critical attention. A number of scholars have identified the novel's treatment of education as a colonizing force used by the white American power structure to coerce assimilation of American Indians.…

  1. Crying for a Vision: The Native American Sweat Lodge Ceremony as Therapeutic Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrett, Michael Tlanusta; Torres-Rivera, Edil; Brubaker, Michael; Portman, Tarrell Awe Agahe; Brotherton, Dale; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Conwill, William; Grayshield, Lisa

    2011-01-01

    The Native American sweat lodge ceremony or sweat therapy is being used increasingly in various medical, mental health, correctional, and substance abuse treatment centers serving both Native and non-Native clients. This article explores the sweat lodge ceremony's background, elements of Native American spirituality, origin story, cultural…

  2. Ceremony for the inaugural issuance of the Journal of Geriatric Cardiology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ The Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ( JGC )started publication in September 2004. To announce the publication of its first issue, a ceremony was held at China Grand Hotel in Beijing on October 18th, 2004during the 15th Great Wall International Congress of Cardiology. Many guests were present at the ceremony.

  3. Bloody Mud, Rifle Butts, and Barbed Wire: Transforming the Bataan Death March in Silko's "Ceremony"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beidler, Peter G.

    2004-01-01

    Efforts made by Leslie Marmon Silko's who took factual raw materials and, through the alchemy of her creative artistry, transformed her novel, "Ceremony" into something new and different is presented. Silko has made certain changes in the Bataan Death March in "Ceremony", and portrayed the Japanese with considerable sympathy.

  4. 20 CFR 219.31 - Evidence of a valid ceremonial marriage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Evidence of a valid ceremonial marriage. 219... marriage. (a) Preferred evidence. Preferred evidence of a ceremonial marriage is— (1) A copy of the public record of the marriage, certified by the custodian of the record or by a Board employee; (2) A copy of...

  5. Quantifying School Officials' Exposure to Bacterial Pathogens at Graduation Ceremonies Using Repeated Observational Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishai, David; Liu, Liang; Shiau, Stephanie; Wang, Harrison; Tsai, Cindy; Liao, Margaret; Prakash, Shivaani; Howard, Tracy

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to estimate the risk of acquiring pathogenic bacteria as a result of shaking hands at graduation ceremonies. School officials participating in graduation ceremonies at elementary, secondary, and postsecondary schools were recruited. Specimens were collected before and immediately following graduation. Cultures…

  6. Acoustics of native-American ceremonial sites in prehispanic America (Acustica en los espacios escenios rituales prehispanicos)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Maria Isabel

    2003-11-01

    This thesis establishes a methodology that incorporates the latest procedures used in architectural acoustics for the study of open spaces of this general type, and definitions are given for the acoustic variables of interest. The ``Juego de Pelota'' (ball game) sites are the only ceremonial sites built specifically for the performance of a fertility ritual, and are ideal for the study of prehispanic architectural topographies. Analysis of the acoustic properties of such sites revealed that the topographical characteristics of the elevation profiles of these architectural structures determine the acoustic behavior of these spaces. Such profiles are classified into three basic types: (i) inclined profile, (ii) terraced profile, and (iii) mixed profile. The terraced profiles are the most efficient, and the mixed profiles are the least efficient, in regard to acoustics. The consideration of the acoustic behavior of architectural structures intended for the ``Ball Game,'' as the designs evolved over time, leads to the conclusion that acoustical sensations that contributed effectively to the characteristic mystical atmosphere of the ceremonial rituals were characteristic only of those sites constructed in the ``classical'' period. Thesis advisors: Jaime Navarro and Juan J. Sendra Copies of this thesis written in Spanish may be obtained by contacting the advisor, Jaime Navarro, E.T.S. de Arquitectura de Sevilla, Dpto. de Construcciones Arquitectonicas I, Av. Reina Mercedes, 2, 41012 Sevilla, Spain. E-mail address: jnavarro@us.es

  7. The use of sugar cane on traditional ceremony in Tabanan, Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I WAYAN SUMANTERA

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Sugar cane or tebu (Saccharum officinarum L. is useful in Hinduism ceremonies in Bali, so that the people plant it in the home yard. Its population is not big but it spreads all over Bali. The farmers use it to be the merchandise at the markets, especially for the ritual ceremonies uses. The use of sugar cane in ritual ceremonies is very popular as symbolize of wedding ceremony. The sugar cane is put in front part of the cars when they go to the bride’s house for the permission. The sugar cane stem cut into two parts used as the parts of the offering, as the tegen-tegenan as the offering as the earth product, raka-raka fruit for canang/offering, pedangal for tooth ceremony etc. The research was conducted in Tabanan Bali to know the varieties of sugar cane and the function in ritual ceremony in Bali. The result showed that people used 8 kinds of sugar cane for the ceremonies such as: tebu ratu/raja, tebu tiying, tebu kuning, tebu selem/cemeng/hitam/ireng, tebu malem, tebu tawar, tebu salah, and tebu suwat. They had function as identities, offering, worship, protection, and food of white cows. This showed that Balinese people had a little knowledge of sugar cane as the offering and the plantation is not maximal. The belief of the sugar cane function in ritual ceremony in Bali supports its reservation. For that it needs to build reservation and introduce new varieties, the clearness of the sugar cane meaning as the facilities of the ceremony and the availability of young sugar cane.

  8. From Delirium to Coherence: Shamanism and Medicine Plants in Silko's "Ceremony"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weso, Thomas F.

    2004-01-01

    A nondescript rock shelter in Texas provides the evidence for shamanism in Leslie Marmon Silko's novel, "Ceremony". There, archaeologists found identifiable images of antlered human figures and entheogenic plant substances, which are medicinal plants, associated with shamanistic practices.

  9. Tianjin Textile Museum Opened Up & The Launching Ceremony of Tianjin Textile Building Staged

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ The opening of Tianjin Textile Museum and the launching ceremony of Tianjin Textile Building were staged in Tianjin hi-tech textile industrial park on May 8. Chen Shujin, Vice President of China Textile Industry Association, Li Yuanchao, director of Tianjin Municipal Commission of Economy and Information Technology, the Deputy Secretary of Land and Resources,the Deputy Secretary of Technical Supervision Administration, and representatives of other group companies attended the ceremony.

  10. Naturalization Ceremonies and the Role of Immigrants in the American Nation

    OpenAIRE

    Aptekar, Sofya

    2012-01-01

    Although immigration is an essential element in the American national story, it presents difficulties for constructing national membership and national identity in terms of shared intrinsic values. In this paper, I analyze speeches made at naturalization ceremonies during two time periods (1950-1970 and 2003-present) in order to examine the evolving roles of immigrants, as articulated to immigrants themselves. Naturalization ceremonies are a unique research site because the usually implied na...

  11. News Release - Ceremonies held at Ashland's Kunshan and Changzhou facilities to celebrate plant expansions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ KUNSHAN & CHANGZHOU, (China) - Ashland Composite Polymers and Ashland Casting Solutions, business groups of Ashland Specialty Chemical, a division of Ashland Inc. (NYSE:ASH), held a two-day ribbon-cutting ceremony for their plant expansions in Kunshan and Changzhou in June 25-26, 2005.This marks the second public ceremonial event since the establishment of both plants in the late 1990s.

  12. Highlights of the inauguration ceremony for the new permanent exhibition

    CERN Document Server

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    The new “Universe of Particles" permanent exhibition in the Globe was unveiled this week to its first visitors. On Monday, 28 June, in the presence of representatives of the local authorities, CERN Director-General Rolf Heuer cut the ribbon; on Tuesday, 29 and Wednesday 30 June the Globe's doors remained open for visits by the CERN personnel.   Cutting the ribbon at the inauguration of the Globe's new permanent exhibition At the conclusion of the inauguration ceremony, the Head of the Education Group, Rolf Landua, expressed his satisfaction: “It's wonderful. We are very happy that it has all turned out so well. Now we look forward to lots of visitors.” The exhibition represents a major addition to the tourist destinations in the region and an important tool for the public awareness of science, which could also be useful for schools. “The purpose of the exhibition is to inspire visitors, to arouse their curiosity about science and to motivate them t...

  13. Moral Characteristics of Traditional Han Funeral Ceremony%汉族传统丧礼仪式的德育特质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鲲

    2014-01-01

    丧礼仪式是中国传统社会重要而特殊的文化形式,它影响着华夏民族的心理情感、思维特征和行为方式,维护了古代中国超稳定的社会结构。丧礼仪式承载着古代社会德性的基本价值取向,符合官方以儒家正统思想整合家庭、家族和乡村社会的要求,在实践的层面也扩展了“礼”的内涵和实用性。全方位的互动模式、文化心理和行为惯习,是丧礼仪式独具特色的德育环境。传统丧礼仪式对个体意志结构和行动结构影响深远,对个体品德具有重要的建构作用。%Funeral ceremony is an important and special form of culture in Chinese society. The ceremony affects psychological emotion, thinking and behavior of Chinese nation, and it also maintains the ancient Chinese superstable social structure. The funeral ceremony embodies basic social moral values, it meets needs of the governments to integrate families, and household and rural society with Confucian orthodoxy, and it extends the “li” connotation and practicability in practice. Interactive patterns, culture psychology and brhavior habits present unique moral education environment. Traditional funeral ceremony brings profound influence on individual will structure and activity structure, and it also plays an important role in construction of individual morality.

  14. Naturalization Ceremonies and the Role of Immigrants in the American Nation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aptekar, Sofya

    2012-10-01

    Although immigration is an essential element in the American national story, it presents difficulties for constructing national membership and national identity in terms of shared intrinsic values. In this paper, I analyze speeches made at naturalization ceremonies during two time periods (1950-1970 and 2003-present) in order to examine the evolving roles of immigrants, as articulated to immigrants themselves. Naturalization ceremonies are a unique research site because the usually implied nationalist content is made explicit to brand new members of the nation. I find a shift in the framing from immigrants as potential liabilities and weak links in the earlier period to immigrants as morally superior redeemers of the American nation in the later period. I discuss the significance of this shift and the relationship between the roles presented at naturalization ceremonies and the discourse found elsewhere in the public sphere. PMID:23667318

  15. Coubertin and Olympic Ceremony%顾拜旦与奥林匹克仪式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任海

    2001-01-01

    通过对顾拜旦著作的研究,对在奥运会中举行的各种仪式的构思、形式、功能等进行了分析,旨在为把握奥林匹克仪式的本质内涵。%Through studying the literature of Coubertin, the author makes an analysis on design, form and function of various ceremony in Olympic games in order to hold the essence meaning of Olympic ceremony.

  16. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Attends Naming Ceremony of the Ship Gotheborg in Sweden

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XiaJunhua

    2004-01-01

    At the invitation of Mr. SvenEric Soder, state secretary of the Swedish Ministry of Industry, Employment and Communications, and Mr. Gote Bernhardsson, governor of Vastra Gotalands, a CPAFFC delegation led by President Chen Haosu paid a successful visit to Sweden between September 1 and 5, 2004 and attended the naming ceremony of the ship Gotheborg.

  17. Victory Ceremony Hosts/Hostess Costume Design Scheme for Beijing Olympics Sought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the 29th Olympiad (BOCOG) announced on May 22 that it is organizing a bid across the nation for the design scheme of the victory ceremony hosts/hostess costumes for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games from May 23 to June 25, 2007.

  18. Victory Ceremony Hosts/Hostess Costume Design Scheme for Beijing Olympics Sought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the 29th Olympiad(BOCOG)announced on May 22 that it is organizing a bid across the nation for the design scheme of the victory ceremony hosts/hostess costumes for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games from May 23 to June 25,2007.

  19. 77 FR 65623 - Security Zones; USCGC WILLIAM FLORES Commissioning Ceremony, Ybor Channel; Tampa, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-30

    ... Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking A... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zones; USCGC WILLIAM FLORES Commissioning... around the USCGC WILLIAM FLORES immediately before and during its Commissioning Ceremony that will...

  20. 75 FR 62320 - Safety Zone; Fireworks for USS GRAVELY Commissioning Ceremony, Cape Fear River, Wilmington, NC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Fireworks for USS GRAVELY Commissioning..., NC in support of the Fireworks for the USS GRAVELY Commissioning Ceremony. This action is necessary... area. Basis and Purpose On November 19, 2010, the USS GRAVELY Commissioning Committee will sponsor...

  1. NCI at Frederick Employees Recognized at the 2013 NCI Director’s Awards Ceremony | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Andrea Frydl, Contributing Writer, and Ashley DeVine, Staff Writer More than 60 NCI at Frederick government and contractor employees were recognized at the NCI Director’s Awards Ceremony on Nov. 14, held on the main NIH campus in Bethesda.

  2. The Nobel Prize Award Ceremony 1984 at the Stockholm Concert Hall, Sweden, 10 December

    CERN Multimedia

    TV1 Fakta, Stockholm

    1984-01-01

    The Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine and Literature as well as the Economics Prize are awarded on 10 December at the Stockholm Concert Hall in Sweden. Organized by the Nobel Foundation, the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony is the highlight of the Nobel Week celebrating the Nobel Laureates and their work.

  3. The Nobel Prize Award Ceremony 1992 at the Stockholm Concert Hall, Sweden, 10 December

    CERN Multimedia

    Eurovision / TF1

    1992-01-01

    The Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine and Literature as well as the Economics Prize are awarded on 10 December at the Stockholm Concert Hall in Sweden. Organized by the Nobel Foundation, the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony is the highlight of the Nobel Week – celebrating the Nobel Laureates and their work.

  4. Vice-chairman Dong Songgen Attends the Opening Ceremony of Southwest Branch of CIETAC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ On March 20,Southwest Branch of the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (Southwest Branch of CIETAC) was established with a formal inauguration in Chongqing.Vice-chairman of CCPIT Dong Songgen and Vice Mayor of Chongqing Municipal Government Zhou Mubing were present at the ceremony and delivered speeches.

  5. Launch Ceremony of Living History——40 Experiences from Personal Perspectives Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang; Wei

    2013-01-01

    <正>To commemorate the 40th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Germany,a launch ceremony of the book Living History—40 Experiences from Personal Perspectives(Gelebte Geschichte—40 Erfahrungen aus Personlicher Sicht) was held in the Peace Palace of

  6. World War II soldier salutes the US Flag during a Veteran's Day ceremony to dedicate a memorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    World War II soldier salutes the US Flag during a Veteran's Day ceremony to dedicate a memorial to 'Smoky, Yorkie Doodle Dandy and Dogs of All Wars' in the Rocky River Reservation, Lakewood, Ohio. November 11, 2005

  7. Keqiao Trade Fair Stands Out on Three Features——2009 CHINA KEQIAO INTERNATIONAL TEXTILE EXPO ceremoniously opens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    On the morning of October 25th,2009,China Keqiao International Textile Expo (autumn) opened ceremoniously in China Textile City International Convention & Exhibition Center. "Large-Scale,internationalization and

  8. The Inauguration Ceremony as Public Theology : The cases of George H. W. Bush and Barack Obama

    OpenAIRE

    Lejon, Kjell O.

    2012-01-01

    The religio-political setting of the Inauguration Ceremonies—with songs, pastors, presidential addresses, prayers, blessings etc.—is clearly revealing an American sentiment, which includes an interconnection between patriotism and Christianity. “God bless America” and “One nation under God” are common themes as well as other references related to Religious and often specifically Christian theological viewpoints. It is argued that the ceremonies themselves not only reveal parts of a general ci...

  9. Rituals, ceremonies and customs related to sacred trees with a special reference to the Middle East

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dafni Amots

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Tree worship is very common worldwide. This field study surveys the ceremonies and customs related to sacred trees in present-day Israel; it includes the results of interviews with 98 informants in thirty-one Arab, Bedouin, and Druze villages in the Galilee. The main results are: 1. Sacred trees were treated as another kind of sacred entity with all their metaphysical as well as physical manifestations. 2. There is not even one ceremony or custom that is peculiar only to a sacred tree and is not performed in other sacred places (such as a saint's grave or a mosque. 3. Few customs, such as: quarrel settling (= Sulkha, leaving objects to absorb the divine blessing and leaving objects for charity seem to be characteristic of this region, only. 4. In modern times, sacred trees were never recorded, in Israel, as centres for official religious ceremonies including sacrifices, nor as places for the performing of rites of passage. 5. There is some variation among the different ethnic groups: Kissing trees and worshipping them is more common among the Druze although carrying out burials under the tree, leaving water and rain-making ceremonies under them have not been recorded in this group. Passing judgments under the tree is more typical of the Bedouin in which the sacred trees were commonly used as a public social centre. Most of the customs surveyed here are known from other parts of the world. The differences between Muslims and Druze are related to the latter's belief in the transmigration of souls.

  10. A Contrastive Pragmatic Study on Chinese and American MCs’Pro-logues at Film Awards Ceremonies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鹏萍

    2013-01-01

      This essay, picking two typical cases and applying several pragmatic principles, makes a contrastive study on the simi⁃larities and differences between Chinese and American MCs’prologues, especially conversations at film awards ceremonies. Based upon a summary of the features of the MCs’prologues, then follow some possible reasons for the similarities and differences, which further arouse thoughts on practical implications and suggestions.

  11. Assessing extreme droughts in Spain during 1750–1850 from rogation ceremonies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Domínguez-Castro

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Among the different meteorological hazards, droughts are those with the highest socio-economical impact on the Iberian Peninsula. Drought events have been largely studied in the instrumental period, but very little is known about the characteristics of droughts in the preinstrumental period. In this work, several series of rogation ceremonies are used to identify severe droughts within the period 1750–1850. The overlapping of the rogation series with some instrumental series served to identify some climatic characteristics of rogation ceremonies: (a during spring, rainfall deficits needed to celebrate rogation ceremonies are smaller than in any other season; (b the hydrological deficit in a particular region increases with the number of locations celebrating rogations simultaneously.

    On the other hand, it was found that between 1750–1754 and 1779–1783 are probably the driest periods of the 101 analyzed years. Both show an important number of rogations all over Iberia and during all the seasons.

    The most extended drought of this period occurred during the spring of 1817, affecting 15 of the 16 locations studied. This drought was influenced by the Tambora eruption (1815. The study of the climate footprint of this eruption and its comparison with similar situations in the series suggest that the spring drought of 1824 may be associated with the eruptions of the Galunggung and Usu volcanoes (1822. Further studies are required to confirm this fact and understand the atmospheric mechanisms involved.

  12. Assessing extreme droughts in the Iberian Peninsula during 1750–1850 from rogation ceremonies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Domínguez-Castro

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Among the different meteorological risks, droughts are the ones with the highest socio-economical impact in the Iberian Peninsula. Drought events have been largely studied in the instrumental period, but very little is known about the characteristics of droughts in the preinstrumental period. In this work, new series of rogation ceremonies identify severe droughts within the period 1750–1850. The overlapping of the rogation series with some instrumental series served to identify some climatic characteristics of rogation ceremonies: a during spring, rainfall deficits needed to celebrate rogation ceremonies are smaller than in any other season; b when the number of location celebrating rogations increases in a region the hydrological deficit on each location increases as well.

    On the other hand, it was found that the periods 1750–1754 and 1779–1783 are probably the driest periods of the 101 analyzed years. Both show an important number of rogations all over the Iberian Peninsula and during all the seasons.

    The most extended drought of this period occurred during the spring of 1817, affecting 15 of the 16 locations studied. This drought was influenced by the Tambora eruption (1815. The study of the climate footprint of this eruption and its comparison with similar situations in the series suggest that the spring drought of 1824 may be associated with the eruptions of the Galunggung and Usu volcanoes (1822. Further studies are required to confirm this fact and understand the atmospheric mechanisms involved.

  13. Traditional Marriage Ceremonies among the Ibibio People of Nigeria: A Study of Theatrics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bassey Ubong

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available ‘Traditional’ marriage among Ibibio people of Southern Nigeria is as much entertainment as it is serious drama that prepares a couple and their families for a life-long relationship. Although the script may be short, the entire event, from the pre-public ceremony to the post-public, in-house ceremonies is a deft admixture of rhetoric, song, dance, spectacle, character, and thought. The difference is that the event is not an imitation, but a mixture of human action and reaction in real time. The three unities may not apply as action is usually originated long before that special day but each traditional marriage (public ceremony that precedes, and is seen as being more important than a ‘white wedding,’ can be seen as a complete event in and of itself, taking place at the same venue, within a time frame and milieu, and concluded in one day. The performance lasts a lifetime and binds not just two people, but two families, sometimes two communities and two cultures. Christianity and economics have forced changes but the fundamentals remain – that the event is verily an admixture of drama and reality aimed at ensuring continuity of society.

  14. Traffic - Special arrangements for the official ceremony on 19th October

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2004-01-01

    The official ceremony marking CERN's fiftieth anniversary will take place on 19th October 2004 in the presence of Member State delegations and observers. Many VIPs are to attend the ceremony, which will be held in the Globe of Science and Innovation and in the adjacent marquee. The arrival and departure of the official delegations and guests will cause some disruption to traffic on and around the Meyrin site: The Route de Meyrin will probably be closed to traffic by the police between 2.00 p.m. and 3.00 p.m. and between 5.00 p.m. and 7.00 p.m. for the arrival and departure of VIPs. Access to the Saint-Genis-Pouilly roundabout will be difficult between 2.00 p.m. and 2.30 p.m., when the new entrance to the Meyrin site will be inaugurated. Use of the following car parks will be prohibited from 16th to 19th October inclusive (Open day and official ceremony; the appropriate road signs will be erected): the car parks located between the two lines on the drawing below (guests will register in a tent set up oppo...

  15. [The Zagreb Etruscan ceremonial fragment and an ancient Egyptian medical papyrus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grmek, M D

    1995-01-01

    The Archeological museum in Zagreb treasures the linen strips of an Egyptian mummy with inscriptions in Etruscan, and an Egyptian medical papyrus. The Etruscan text has been deciphered, but only a small part has been translated. This religious-magical ceremonial might be in relation with theurgical measures for health protection, promotion and restitution. The medical text on the papyrus is a hieratic script dating back to Pharaonic New Kingdom, probably a fragment of a medicine book similar to the Ebers papyrus. This article provides its transcription and translation. Three recipes for a powder and ointments which were used in the local treatment of inflammed moist skin lesions are presented. PMID:8656978

  16. Statement to commencement ceremony at American University in Cairo (AUC). 9 February 2006, Cairo, Egypt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In its statement to Commencement Ceremony At American University in Cairo (AUC) the Director General of the IAEA reminisced about his life - the twists and turns it had taken, and the lessons he had learned along the way. His messages to the students was to keep thinking and learning, be ready for opportunity when it comes, treat others with the understanding that we are all part of one human family, live your own life, and take joy in it, be proud of your heritage and engage fully in the future of Egypt

  17. Costly posturing: relative status, ceremonies and early child development in China:

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Xi; Zhang, Xiaobo

    2012-01-01

    Presenting gifts at funerals, weddings, and other ceremonies held by fellow villagers have been regarded as social norms in Chinese villages for thousands of years. However, it is more burdensome for the poor to take part in these social occasions than for the rich. Because the poor often lack the necessary resources, they are forced to cut back on basic consumption, such as food, in order to afford a gift to attend the social festivals. For pregnant women in poor families, such a reduction i...

  18. Discussion on the Nature of Wine Ceremony%论“酒道”之“酒性”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金月; 骆凤文; 郭五林

    2012-01-01

    分别对我国历史悠久的"酒""、茶"中的"艺、道"进行深入阐释。指出"酒道"之内涵的"酒艺",恰与"茶艺"的静谧、雅致、阴柔形成对照,在表现主体上应以男士为主,在表现内容和手法上应以豪情、激扬、阳刚为主。%Both wine and tea has long history in China.The art and the ceremony on wine and tea were discussed in this paper.It was pointed out that wine ceremony nature was opposite to tea ceremony nature and it mainly presented inspiring,tough and masculine in character.(Tran.by YUE Yang)

  19. First CMS awards ceremony of 2003 to honour its top suppliers

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Each year CMS holds an awards ceremony to honour its top suppliers. This year 12 companies are receiving awards for their outstanding performances, eight the Gold Award and four the most prestigious award, the Crystal Award. The main ceremony will take place on 24 February during CMS week at CERN. However, one of the recipients of the Gold Award, the Snezhinsk All-Russian Institute of Scientific Research for Technical Physics (VNIITF) of the Russian Federal Nuclear Centre (RFNC) has already received its award. Felicitas Pauss, Vice-Chairman of the CMS Collaboration Board, hands a Gold Award for best CMS supplier to Professor Georgy Rykovanov, Director of Russia's RFNC-VNIITF Institute.The CMS Collaboration took the opportunity of the visit to CERN of the Director of the VNIITF and his deputy to make the award. which the Institute has received for its exceptional performance in the assembly of steel plates for the CMS's forward hadronic calorimeter. This calorimeter consists of two sets of 18 wedge-shape modul...

  20. 韩国茶道与缓慢美学%Korean Tea Ceremony with Slow Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄毅青

    2012-01-01

    早已习惯于“快餐”文化的韩国人,正以缓慢开始反对、乃至消解他们曾经自豪过的“快餐”文化,提升自己的生活品质;而他们选择的最有效的方法就是茶道,他们把茶道和冥想结合在一起,创造出韩民族独有的“茶冥想”,以此来获得深度的宁静状态,从而增强自我感知和良好状态,达到真正意义上的“真我”。%"Hurry up", it is a kind of Korean culture, most Koreans are accustomed to it for long time. However, so as to increase the quality of life, they become to oppose and clear up the culture slowly and slowly, although which they have been taken pride in it; The most effective method they choosed is tea ceremony, they integrate Korean tea ceremony with contemplation to create a kind of Korean national particular "Tea Contemplation", hereby recover their peace of mind to improve their perception and good sprits. All they did is for a real sense of "true self".

  1. REMINDER: Special traffic arrangements for the LHC inauguration ceremony on 21 october

    CERN Multimedia

    DSU Unit

    2008-01-01

    Road, gate and tunnel closures THE FOLLOWING WILL BE CLOSED TO ALL TRAFFIC BETWEEN 11.00 A.M. AND 7.00 P.M.: The main road (RD 984) between the Saint Genis roundabout and the customs; The Route de l’Europe running between the crossroads by the Prévessin site (RD 35b) and the RD 984; The Route de Meyrin between the Route du Mandement and the St Genis customs; Gates A, B and D and the tunnel linking the Meyrin and Prévessin sites. Please use the following gates during the above-mentioned hours: Gate C (Satigny) for access to the Meyrin site from Switzerland; Gate E, which will be exceptionally open, for access to the Meyrin site from France. Point 18, the venue for the ceremony, will be accessible only by shuttle bus (departing from Point 1 via the Globe). Car parking Use of the car parks reserved for the ceremony guests is strictly forbidden between 3.00 p.m. on 20 October and 6.00 p.m. on 21 October. Any vehicles parked on the car parks in question will be remo...

  2. Special traffic arrangements for the LHC Inauguration Ceremony on 21 October

    CERN Multimedia

    DSU Unit

    2008-01-01

    Road, gate and tunnel closures The following will be closed to all traffic between 11.00 a.m. and 7.00 p.m.: The main road (RD 984) between the Saint Genis roundabout and the customs. The Route de l’Europe running between the crossroads by the Prévessin site (RD 35b) and the RD 984. The Route de Meyrin between the Route du Mandement and the St Genis customs. Gates A, B and D and the tunnel linking the Meyrin and Prévessin sites. Please use the following gates during the above-mentioned hours: Gate C (Satigny) for access to the Meyrin site from Switzerland, Gate E, which will be exceptionally open, for access to the Meyrin site from France. Point 18, the venue for the ceremony, will be accessible only by shuttle bus (departing from Point 1 via the Globe). Car parking Use of the car parks reserved for the ceremony guests is strictly forbidden between 3.00 p.m. on 20 October and 6.00 p.m. on 21 October. Any vehicles parked on the car parks in question will be removed at ...

  3. The Beauty in the Simplicity: The Ritual Importance of the Japanese Tea Ceremony in Modern Japanese Society

    OpenAIRE

    Ívar Ðat Trong Le Ingvason 1990

    2015-01-01

    Tea is a very common beverage drunk all around the world; but its cultural history and the spiritual aspect behind it are often overlooked. The Japanese tea ceremony of today is deeply integrated in the Japanese society, its a cultural activity practiced by people of all social classes. It’s an event where the Japanese people dress up in their traditional clothing, kimono, and meet up for a cup of tea in a calm and serene environment. The tea ceremony is a form of art that even the most dedic...

  4. Speech by Former President Festus G. Mogae at Opening Ceremony of the 2012 Understanding and Cooperation Dialogue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Director of Ceremonies, Your Excellencies, Ministers here present, Chinese State Leaders, Heads of Chinese NGOs, Representatives of International NGOs, Ladies and Gentlemen, Let me first and foremost express my heartfelt gratitude to the Chinese Association for International Understanding for inviting me to the

  5. Inhalation Exposures to Particulate Matter and Carbon Monoxide during Ethiopian Coffee Ceremonies in Addis Ababa: A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Keil

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The unique Ethiopian cultural tradition of the coffee ceremony increases inhalation exposures to combustion byproducts. This pilot study evaluated exposures to particulate matter and carbon monoxide in ten Addis Ababa homes during coffee ceremonies. For coffee preparers the geometric mean (57 μg/m3 and median (72 μg/m3 contributions to an increase in a 24-hour time-weighted average exposure were above World Health Organization (WHO guidelines. At 40% of the study sites the contribution to the 24-hour average exposure was greater than twice the WHO guideline. Similar exposure increases existed for ceremony participants. Particulate matter concentrations may be related to the use of incense during the ceremony. In nearly all homes the WHO guideline for a 60-minute exposure to carbon monoxide was exceeded. Finding control measures to reduce these exposures will be challenging due to the deeply engrained nature of this cultural practice and the lack of availability of alternative fuels.

  6. From the CERN web: New Year ceremony, new LHC Programme Coordinator, scientific prize and more

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    This section highlights articles, blog posts and press releases published in the CERN web environment over the past weeks. This way, you won’t miss a thing...     CERN DG meets locals and internationals in New Year ceremony 15 January – by James Gillies  In one of her first official duties as CERN Director General, Fabiola Gianotti met representatives of CERN’s local communities and international Geneva in Microcosm on Thursday evening to wish them a Happy New Year 2016, and to express thanks for their support. Photo (left to right): Charlotte Lindberg Warakaulle, Director for International Relations, Martin Steinacher, Director for Finance and Human Resources, Fabiola Gianotti, CERN Director-General, Eckhard Elsen, Director for Research and Computing and Frédérick Bordry, Director for Accelerators and Technology. Continue to read…    Jamie Bo...

  7. Early ceremonial constructions at Ceibal, Guatemala, and the origins of lowland Maya civilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inomata, Takeshi; Triadan, Daniela; Aoyama, Kazuo; Castillo, Victor; Yonenobu, Hitoshi

    2013-04-26

    The spread of plaza-pyramid complexes across southern Mesoamerica during the early Middle Preclassic period (1000 to 700 BCE) provides critical information regarding the origins of lowland Maya civilization and the role of the Gulf Coast Olmec. Recent excavations at the Maya site of Ceibal, Guatemala, documented the growth of a formal ceremonial space into a plaza-pyramid complex that predated comparable buildings at other lowland Maya sites and major occupations at the Olmec center of La Venta. The development of lowland Maya civilization did not result from one-directional influence from La Venta, but from interregional interactions, involving groups in the southwestern Maya lowlands, Chiapas, the Pacific Coast, and the southern Gulf Coast.

  8. Congruence of rituals and theatre. The use of drama for religious ceremony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cosmin Tudor Ciocan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available I have started this research as a response to a pejorative question that religious rituals are merely theatrical, and the personnel involved nothing else but actors; beyond this there is nothing any religion suggests, e.g. healing, divine touch, blessings et.al. This paper is about rituals and their meanings and roles played as in social drama and theatre play. Considering the relationship between ritual and theatre to be reciprocal I will use their functions to evaluate the process of religious ceremonies and the role they play for adherents/participants, as if they would be attending a play. Religious Studies and Drama joint study offers the opportunity to combine two complementary humanities subjects, as both drama and religion are mainstays of cultural practice.

  9. 2011 Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers: the PECASE Awards Ceremony

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poneman, Daniel [DOE Deputy Secretary

    2012-08-01

    The winners for 2011 of the DOE PECASE Awards were recognized in a ceremony held August 01, 2012. Dr. Bill Brinkman, Director of the Office of Science introduced the main speaker, DOE Deputy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman. Leaders from across the Department and the fields of energy research and technology presented the 2011 winners. They are: Dr. Stanley Atcitty (SNL); Dr. Jeffrey W. Banks (LLNL); Dr. Amy J. Clarke (LANL); Derek R. Gaston (INL); Dr. Christopher Hirata (California Institute of Technology); Dr. Heileen Hsu-Kim (Duke University); Dr. Thomas Francisco (Jaramillo Stanford University); Dr.Pablo Jarillo-Herrero (MIT); Dr. Peter Mueller (ANL); Dr. Daniel B. Sinars (SNL); Dr. Jesse Thaler (MIT); and Dr. Heather Whitley (LLNL).

  10. Star maps and travelling to ceremonies: the Euahlayi People and their use of the night sky

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Robert S.; Trudgett, Michelle; Norris, Ray P.; Anderson, Michael G.

    2014-07-01

    The Euahlayi people are an Aboriginal Australian language group located in north-central New South Wales and south-central Queensland. They have a rich culture of astronomy and use of the night sky in resource management. Like several other Aboriginal peoples, they did not travel extensively at night, and so were assumed not to use the night sky for navigation. This study has confirmed that they, like most other Aboriginal groups, travelled extensively outside their own country for purposes of trade and ceremonies. We also found previously unpublished evidence that they used "star maps" in the night sky for learning and remembering waypoints along their routes of travel, but not for actual navigation.

  11. Ethno-linguistic analysis of the vocabulary associated with the wedding ceremony (on the basis of the Pamiri languages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazarova Z. O.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article, the vocabulary related to the wedding ceremony in the Pamiri languages is discussed. In particular, vocabulary reflecting the wedding ceremony in Ishkashimi language (one of the minor Pamiri languages is almost unknown. In the Pamiri languages are still preserved all the traditional wedding ceremonies. The vocabulary associated with them is well-kept in full and is indigenous and sometimes borrowed. For the most, the terminology applied in the ritual is borrowed. Often the term is borrowed from Badakhshan dialect of the Tajik language. At the same time, some Tajik words are used in specific meaning that is typical only to the dialect of Badakhshan and Dari language of Badakhshan in Afghanistan. This is mainly the vocabulary associated with traditional ways and procedures of the wedding ceremony. Some other words, such as sarbьzьrg ‘to give respect, attention to mourners’, can be observed only in classical Persian literature. In view of the Islamization of the region the Arab terms are frequently used in rituals; they are associated with official terminology applied during the marriage process and designate its legal aspects. There are also Turkic lexis that was included into the dictionary because of language and cultural contacts in the region. It is significant that in the lexicon predominate metaphorical and descriptive ways of designation of the ceremonies. Remarkable specific vocabulary with original meaning is of particular use in the local minor Iranian languages in comparison with such major written national languages as Tajik language of Tajikistan and Dari Afghanistan. For example, in Ishkashimi language (in Tajikistan and Afghanistan the word dumod is used only in the sense of “son-in-law”, and in the meaning of “bridegroom” - only šamard . Since the marriage and wedding ceremony has a special place in the spiritual culture of the people, the symbolic function is included into almost all the rites and

  12. The Ceremony of Tasua and Ashura as a Tourism Attractions in Iran (Case Study: Taft City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Reza Khavarian

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Today, tourism as a global and social phenomenon has special implication of its own. The mechanism behind the phenomenon intertwines and takes different forms in different times and places and completely different effects on the human beings (de freitas, 2003:47. There are many types of tourism. One of the most important tourism forms is religious tourism. Religious tourism is a combination of travel and religion. Most writers are taking into account religious tourism as a part of cultural tourism. Of course, both are quite different, but these two are tied together, and religion is a part of culture. Religious Cultural Festival is an event that causes tourism to travel to a foreign country for looking for religion and heritage experience. Hence the Muharram ceremonies (Ashura and Tasua as a religious event can be raised as an event that can familiarize domestic and foreign tourists with part of Iranian religious and culture society. Iran is an old and historical country and its present religious is Islam, most of the people are Shia? The ceremonies of Tasua and Ashura in most part of this country with different showings are done. One of those is in Taft city located in Yazd province. This research is with aims to optimize utilization of the Ashura and Tasua religious festival in order to develop Taft city and to remove barriers on the way of Taft religious tourism using the SWOT model. This evaluation model (that evaluated strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats is considered one of the best strategies for tourism planning. Methods of data collection and analysis of required data is more documentaries, analytical and Survey research. The results indicate that proximity to population centers and urban centers, such as the city of Yazd and distinctive funeral's style from other parts of Province, are the best strengths for this city's religious tourism. Short duration of tourists stay in the cities and Lack of tourists' economic outputs

  13. The Opening Ceremony of the International Research Center on Karst under the Auspices of UNESCO was held in Guilin on 15 December,2008

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Yuexia

    2008-01-01

    @@ The Opening Ceremony of the International Research Center on Karst under the Auspices of UNESCO was held in the Institute of Karst Geology,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences in Guilin on 15 December,2008.

  14. An Algorithm of Backward Shadow Generation about the Master of Ceremonies of Player in Virtual Studio

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIZili; ZHUGuangxi; ZHUYaoting

    2003-01-01

    In this paper a technical scheme to construct virtual studio has heen proposed where orientation tracker and telemeter was used for improving conventional BETACAM pickup camera and connecting with the software module of host.A new model of virtual camera named Camera & Post-camera Cupling Pair has been put forward,which is different from common model in computer graphics and has been bound to real BETACAM pickup camera.The formula has been educed to compute foreground frame buffer image and background frame buffer image of virtual scene whose boundary is based on depth information of target point of BETACAM pickup camera's projective ray.The effect of real-time consistency has been achieved between the video image sequences of the master of ceremonies or players(MCP)and computer graphics(CG)video image sequences for virtual scene in spatial position,perspective relationship and image object masking.An algorithm for generation of backward shadow of MCP has been submitted based on equable division and extraction to marginal points of the edge of MCP to construct closed cubic B-spline curve to fit the edge and build a ray cone to project the backward shadow.The experimental result has shown that the scheme of virtual studio submitted in this paper is feasible,applicative and effective.

  15. Traffic: Special arrangements for the Official Ceremony on 19th October - REMINDER

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2004-01-01

    Disruption: Route de Meyrin: probably closed to traffic by the police between 2.00 p.m. and 3.00 p.m. and between 5.00 p.m. and 7.00 p.m. for the arrival and departure of VIPs. Saint-Genis-Pouilly roundabout: access difficult between 2.00 p.m. and 2.30 p.m., when the new entrance to the Meyrin site will be inaugurated. Reception of building 33 : closed from 13h00 to 19h00 ; Car parks prohibited from 16 to 19 October inclusive (Open Day and Official Ceremony): the car parks located between the two lines on the drawing below (guests will register in a tent set up opposite Building 156), a marked out area of the external car park in front of Building 33; the appropriate road signs will be erected. Recommendations for 19 October Do not use Gates A and B from 12.30 p.m. to 3.00 p.m. and from 4.30 p.m. to 7.00 p.m. During these times, please use: Gate C (Satigny): exceptionally open in both directions between 12.30 p.m. and 7.30 p.m. Tunnel linking the Meyrin and Prévessin...

  16. KSC Center Director Bridges addresses the audience at an ISO 9001 certification ceremony

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Center Director Roy Bridges speaks to KSC employees at the ISO certification ceremony held at the Training Auditorium. Bridges was presented an ISO 9001 certificate and plaque awarded to KSC by Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Inc., an international ISO certification organization. ISO 9001 comprises the most detailed, comprehensive set of standard requirements for quality programs established by the International Standards Organization. The presentation followed a successful independent audit by DNV of the KSC Management System in May of this year. The third-party auditors examined about 20 elements of KSC's system, including management responsibility, design control, documentation, test and inspection, and corrective action procedures. DNV found that KSC met or exceeded the stringent quality standards in all areas. KSC will use this certification as a tool to improve an already world- class team. All NASA centers are required by NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin to be ISO 9001 registered by September 1999. NASA is the first federal agency to seek the quality certification. Next to Bridges is Heidi Hollingsworth, with the Center for Independent Living, who uses American Sign Language for any hearing-impaired employees in the audience.

  17. 寓意于形:日本茶道的内在性诉求%Meanings in The Form: Interior Appeal of Japanese Tea Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高永

    2012-01-01

    日本茶道强调形式、礼仪规范。这样的诉求本身使其作为一种文化传统得以世代相传。但日本茶道并不有囿于形式、礼仪,而是在发展过程不断与禅理相结合,日本茶道发展的历史就是日本禅宗的发展史,“茶禅一味”是日本茶道的最高境界,也是其最高原则。如此,日本茶道就将人的内诉求与饮茶的礼式相结合,最终形成了“寓意于形”的茶道传统。%Japanese tea ceremony emphasized forms and etiquettes, such appeal made itself a kind of cultural tradition to continue from generation to generation. But it had not been constrained form and etiquette, in the development process it was combined with Zen rationale, so the development history of Japanese tea ceremony was exactly that of Japanese Zen. “Tasting Zen in tea” was the highest state of Japanese tea ceremony, and also the highest principle. So, Japanese tea ceremony integrated the interior appeal and tea ceremony etiquettes, eventually formed tea ceremony tradition of "meanings in the form".

  18. The potency of Bukit Tapak forest as means for traditional ceremony, environmental conservation, and education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I WAYAN SUMANTERA

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Bukit Tapak (1903 m the natural reserve of Batukau I (816.4 ha is one of three natural reserve area of Batukau (1762.8 ha, 1974. Located at the tourism object of Bedugul, the eastern part boundaries to the Botanic Garden Eka Karya-LIPI (154.5 ha, 1959 and settlement of Candikuning area (1152 family, 4475 persons and near the three lakes of the water resources of Bali; Beratan, Buyan and Tamblingan lake. The special plants; cemara geseng (Casuarina junghuhniana Miq., cemara pandak (Dacrycarpus imbricatus (Blume de Laub., nyabah (Pinanga arinasaensis J.R. Witono, paku kidang (Dicksonia blumei Planch., and purnajiwa (Euchresta horsfieldii (Lesch. Benth.. The pioneer plant of the hill is cemara geseng and the endemic is cemara pandak. The plant of needle leaves that basically the existence of Bali Botanical Garden as the conservation ex situ flora of noodle leaves especially at the eastern Indonesian area. Nyabah, which is supposed to be the new kind of palm named Arinasa, driven from the staff name who is the pioneer of the conservation. Paku kidang is rare. There are ethnobotany plants of ritual ceremony such as: kayu tulak (Schefflera sp., kayu tulung (Brasaia sp., penjalin (Calamus sp., paku pidpid (Nephrolepis sp., trijata (Medinilla speciosa (Blume ex Mart. Blume, etc. Balinese people believe that forest is holly and sacred. But because of the existence of Pura Teratai Bang (16 century at the slope, moslem cemetery (found in 1938 at the peak, and other needs (climbing, food, medicine, etc., it can not be avoided the entrances of people that caused the forest is damaged. The forest reservation needs the approach to the local people, so the solution are morally and integration. The use of the forest which is potential as the environment education facilities conservation and other alternatives such as: horticulture, the improvement of the people economy discussed here to be the input for the forest conservation wisely and continuously.

  19. Five Decades of Achievement, Future Challenges in Focus at Ceremony Marking IAEA Labs Anniversary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In the 50 years since they opened, the IAEA's laboratories in Seibersdorf have improved the lives of millions of people through work using sophisticated scientific techniques, IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano said today at a ceremony to mark the anniversary. Work at the labs has made a difference in controlling animal diseases in more than 30 countries in Africa and Asia, and contributed to the development of hardier and more nutritious crops such as barley that can grow in the High Andes of Peru. Scientists at the labs have helped communities identify the best sources of underground water and ensure that this scarce resource is used effectively. They have worked on safe ways to preserve food, and provided vital technical support for cancer treatment and other medical uses of nuclear technology. New challenges abound in the present and the future, Director General Amano said. ''Member States want us to do more in almost all areas of nuclear applications. This includes climate-smart agriculture, with priority on helping countries to adapt to climate change while improving food security. It includes improving preparedness for responding to nuclear emergencies and especially for dealing with radiological contamination in food and agriculture.'' The Director General also said the IAEA would contribute more to controlling mosquitoes that transmit malaria by using techniques that, together with pest control programmes, have helped control other insects. IAEA scientists at the eight nuclear applications laboratories and the safeguards laboratories carry out research and development and provide technical services to the IAEA's 158 Member States. The labs also regularly host fellows and scientific visitors, with more than 2 000 benefiting from this opportunity to learn in the past 50 years. (IAEA)

  20. An Analysis of Qing Dynasty Community Drinking Ceremony%清代乡饮酒礼简论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭颖

    2012-01-01

      中国古代的社会管理不仅依靠政治、法律,也注重发挥德礼教化的功能。乡饮酒礼作为对民众进行教化的重要方式,源于西周,此后世代相传、生生不息。清朝虽是少数民族政权,却继承发展了乡饮酒礼,并对其程序、作用等进行了明确规定。同时,清朝统治者极为重视官员在乡饮酒礼中发挥的作用,明确规定官员在此活动中的职责。乡饮酒礼不仅是一种礼仪活动,也是清政府对民众进行德礼教化、实现社会控制的重要方式,具有显著的政治法律功能%  The ancient Chinese social management depended on not only politics and law, but also the moral culti⁃vation. To realize social control, the community drinking ceremony as a way of educating the population derived from the Zhou Dynasty, and it has been completed in Qing Dynasty. Although the Qing Dynasty was a minority re⁃gime, it inherited and developed traditional Chinese culture, including the community drinking ceremony. Qing gov⁃ernment clearly defined procedures, roles and responsibilities of local officials of the community drinking ceremony.

  1. San Miguel Arcángel, un santo andariego. Trabajo ceremonial en una comunidad de transmigrantes del Estado de Puebla

    OpenAIRE

    María Eugenia D´Aubeterre Buznego

    2005-01-01

    Este artículo1 documenta el proceso de reorganización del trabajo ceremonial dedicado al santo patrono San Miguel Arcángel, en el contexto de la transnacionalización de la vida comunitaria, a consecuencia de la migración a los Estados Unidos en una localidad de raíz nahua del centro del estado de Puebla, México. Incorporados a la dinámica económica, política y cultural del condado de Los Ángeles y sus periferias mediante el desempeño de empleos precarios, estos hombres y mujeres de origen cam...

  2. BAYÇİÇEK CEREMONY IN NEVRUZ / NEVRUZDA BAYÇİÇEK MERASİMİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Cabbar İŞANKUL

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Nevruz has been celebrated since centuries with the characteristics carryingthe marks of Turkish culture and has got a big importance since Nevruz has became acommon cultural connection within Turkish tribes. Turkish nations celebrate this bigbairam with diverse ceremonies. Among Ozbek Turks, Nevruz has been celebrated inan enthusiastic fashion by “bayçiçek ceremony”, which has been about to be forgottenin present-day. In that sense, in this paper we will mention bayçiçek poetries andceremonies, which have an important culturel value.

  3. "And the BAFTA goes to […]": the assurance role of the auditor in the film awards ceremony.

    OpenAIRE

    Jeacle, Ingrid

    2014-01-01

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of the Official Scrutineer in the annual film awards ceremony of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), a role currently occupied by the audit firm Deloitte. The case of BAFTA provides an illustrative example of the increasing demand for discretionary assurance services from audit firms (Free et al., 2009), which in turn is reflective of Power's (1997) “audit society”. It showcases the power of audit as a legitimating...

  4. Development of sedentary communities in the Maya lowlands: coexisting mobile groups and public ceremonies at Ceibal, Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inomata, Takeshi; MacLellan, Jessica; Triadan, Daniela; Munson, Jessica; Burham, Melissa; Aoyama, Kazuo; Nasu, Hiroo; Pinzón, Flory; Yonenobu, Hitoshi

    2015-04-01

    Our archaeological investigations at Ceibal, a lowland Maya site located in the Pasión region, documented that a formal ceremonial complex was built around 950 B.C. at the onset of the Middle Preclassic period, when ceramics began to be used in the Maya lowlands. Our refined chronology allowed us to trace the subsequent social changes in a resolution that had not been possible before. Many residents of Ceibal appear to have remained relatively mobile during the following centuries, living in ephemeral post-in-ground structures and frequently changing their residential localities. In other parts of the Pasión region, there may have existed more mobile populations who maintained the traditional lifestyle of the preceramic period. Although the emerging elite of Ceibal began to live in a substantial residential complex by 700 B.C., advanced sedentism with durable residences rebuilt in the same locations and burials placed under house floors was not adopted in most residential areas until 500 B.C., and did not become common until 300 B.C. or the Late Preclassic period. During the Middle Preclassic period, substantial formal ceremonial complexes appear to have been built only at a small number of important communities in the Maya lowlands, and groups with different levels of sedentism probably gathered for their constructions and for public rituals held in them. These collaborative activities likely played a central role in socially integrating diverse groups with different lifestyles and, eventually, in developing fully established sedentary communities.

  5. 炼金术神话与入会仪式%Alchemical Myths and Initiation Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    米尔恰·伊利亚德

    2014-01-01

    Alchemy is not j ust the philosophy of material unity.There is some interdependence among mineral symbolism,metallurgy ceremony,the magic of fire and the belief that artificial alchemy can re-place the function of natural law.Western alchemists proj ected the ritual scene in the mystical religion onto the mineral,the symbol of which was integrated into Christianity.Alchemists treat substance like believ-ers treat God in the ritual of mystical religion.The philosopher's stone achieves the transformation of the presence of substances through the four stages of black,white,yellow and red,which means the passion, death and regeneration to another existence form of the mineral.Western alchemists'meaning and ultimate purpose is the transformation of human by making the minerals come back to its original state,sympathy is evoked between the change of substance and the alchemist's heart.Along with the process of alchemy, alchemists purify and awaken themselves to achieve some kind of ritual experience and self-training,to refine their mental,physical as well as moral and spiritual experience.%炼金术不仅仅是物质统一性的哲学原理,在矿物象征意义、冶金仪式、火的魔力和坚信人工炼金可以替代自然规律的功能之间,存在某种依存关系。西方炼金术士将神秘宗教中的仪式景象投射到矿物上,将其象征符号融入基督教教义。炼金术士对待物质,犹如信徒在神秘宗教仪式上对待上帝一般。哲人石经过呈现黑色、白色、黄色和红色四个阶段,经历矿物的受难、死亡和再生成另一种存在方式,来实现物质的转化。西方炼金术士通过让矿物回归原始状态,其意义和最终目的是人的转化,在物质的变化和他内心之间唤起某种共鸣。伴随着炼金术过程的进行,炼金术士净化唤醒自己,实现了某种仪式性体验和自身修炼,提炼了自己的心理、生理以及道德和精神体验。

  6. Regalia et cérémonies du Royaume-Uni Regalia and ceremonies of the United Kingdom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Siddons

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Cette communication traite des regalia et des cérémonies du Royaume-Uni. Elle commence par un bref rappel du sort qui fut réservé aux regalia gallois et écossais lors de la conquête de ces pays par le roi Édouard Ier d’Angleterre, avant d’évoquer l'histoire des regalia et des cérémonies d’Écosse après le retour de l’indépendance. La cérémonie du couronnement en Angleterre a évolué pendant mille ans, depuis l’élection et l’acclamation du roi par ses guerriers, et a été modifiée par l’acceptation de la succession par primogéniture et l’introduction de l’onction du souverain sous l’influence de la religion chrétienne, rendant ainsi la personne du roi sacrée. L’évolution ultérieure de la cérémonie du couronnement en Angleterre, et après 1706 au Royaume-Uni, sera évoquée. Les regalia étaient à l’origine personnels au souverain mais un ensemble de regalia conservés à l’abbaye de Westminster étaient censés avoir été laissés à l’abbaye par le roi Édouard le Confesseur pour servir aux couronnements futurs. Les regalia utilisés par la suite, jusqu’à leur destruction par le Commonwealth après le renversement de la monarchie en 1649, portaient le nom de « regalia de saint Édouard ». Un nouvel ensemble de regalia fut réalisé après la restauration de la monarchie en 1661 : les principaux joyaux de la Couronne seront présentés ici. La communication finit par une brève description de la cérémonie d’ouverture du Parlement et cite les autres cérémonies auxquelles le souverain assistait à la Chambre des Pairs. Les cérémonies du couronnement et de l’ouverture du Parlement ont très peu changé au cours de ces cinq cents dernières années, avec un brève interruption durant le Commonwealth.This paper discusses the regalia and ceremonies of the United Kingdom, starting with a brief reference to the fate of the Welsh and Scottish regalia at the time of the Edwardian

  7. Review of the JiTian Ceremony to Scarify Demeter in Qing Dynasty in China%清代籍田祀先农之礼考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾红玲

    2013-01-01

    In ancient China, the ceremony to scarify Demeter was an important ceremony lasted from the Shang Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty.In fact, the Jitian Ceremony to scarify Demeter has reached its peak in the Qing Dynasty.The emperor Yongzheng changed the form of the Jitian ceremony from the mode of“three push” to the mode of“four push”.Furthermore, the proprietors were required to carry out these rites everywhere, from which we an understand the significance of agricultural industry for people all over China, especially for officials at all levels.%  籍田祀先农之礼是中国古代和农业相关的一项非常重要的礼仪制度,商朝已有施行,一直延续到清代。清代是耕籍之礼发展的顶峰时期,雍正朝把籍田礼中的三推之礼改为四推礼,并且规定地方长官也要设先农坛行籍田礼,反映了有清一代重农劝农的思想。

  8. CERN 50th Anniversary : CERN's 50th anniversary celebrations drew to a close with a ceremony at Geneva University's Institut de Physique.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    For it was here, on the banks of the River Arve, that CERN's first staff members, from the PS Magnets Group, came to work in October 1953. The ceremony was followed by drinks and an exhibition of the activities of the School of Physics.

  9. The public lecture on 30 years’reform and opening up in China’s printing,printing equipment and material industries was held ceremoniously

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The public lecture on 30 years’reform and opening up in China’s printing, printing equipment and material industries was held ceremoniously on November 29, 2008 in Beijing Friendship Hotel.The lecture is sponsored by Printing and Printing Equipment Industries Association of China,Guangdong Printing and Replicating

  10. An Examination of Common Worship and Ceremonies among the Abrahamic Faiths: Implication for Religious Tolerance in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omomia, O. Austin

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abrahamic faiths refer to the three most popular religions that traced their origin to Abraham. These religions are Judaism (the earliest of the three, Christianity and Islam (Islam is commonly adjudged as the most recent.This paper examined the common worship, customs and other religious ceremonies prevalent among the Abrahamic faiths. It also identified the common areas of agreement between the Abrahamic faiths with regards to the common religious related customs. It is on this strength that the paper argued that the Abrahamic faiths should emphasize on areas of unity rather than widen the gulf of disagreement. The paper employed the historical and sociological methods of investigation. It is recommended that the Abrahamic faiths should explore areas of unity in order to strengthen the cord of tolerance and peace in the world in general and Nigeria in particular.

  11. Legless Singer Held Wedding Ceremony on the Summit of Mount Tai%无腿歌手岱顶圆梦

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文进(撰文、摄影)

    2012-01-01

    2012年8月23日是中国传统的七夕节,山东临沂无腿歌手陈州登上泰山之巅,和妻子在这里举行了一场特别的婚礼,完成自己对妻子爱的诺言,圆了自己多年的梦。陈州1983年出生于山东临沂苍山县,6岁时父母离异,8岁流浪四方,13岁因为车祸失去双腿。%August 23, 2012 was the Chinese Valentine's Day. Chen Zhou, a .legless singer from Linyi, ShandongProvince, climbed up to the summit Mount Tai, where he held a special ceremony with his wife, which fulfilled the promise he made to her several years ago.

  12. 附远厚别 防止乱族 强调成妇——从《仪礼·士昏礼》看先秦社会婚姻观念%Ceremonial Emphasis on Adult Women to Prevent Family Disorder——The View of Marriage in Pre-Qin Society in Terms of Ceremony and Propriety:Ceremonial Procedure of Wedding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦杰

    2011-01-01

    《仪礼·士昏礼》所载婚礼仪式对我国传统婚姻习俗有着重大影响,它不仅影响了我国传统的婚姻习俗,而且也影响了我国的传统婚姻观念与妇女思想。在《仪礼·士昏礼》的文本中,婚姻是事关家族兴旺发达的大事,女性作为构建合"两姓之好"的使者,必须履行许多责任,她的身体必须被禁锢以确保不会给夫家带来乱族的灾难,她在"归家"以后必须做到"妇顺"以确保"两姓之好"的持续发展。虽然婚姻是通过男女两性的结合来完成的,但是婚礼仪式及其象征意义并没有体现出对男性的要求与规范,男性只是女性归家的媒介,维护婚姻稳定、家庭和谐的责任都落实在女性身上。%The ceremony of wedding recorded in Ceremony and Propriety: Ceremonial Procedure of Wedding had a great influence on traditional marriage customs in our country.This affected not only traditional marriage customs themselves but also traditional marital conception and thought of women in our country.According to Ceremony and Propriety: Ceremonial Procedure of Wedding,marriage was a great issue concerning the family's prosperity.A messenger to establish "happiness between two sexes",the woman ought to carry many responsibilities: her body to be enveloped to surely prevent bringing about any disorder to the man's family,and she to be "obedient to her man" after "being married" to guarantee sustenance of "happiness between two sexes".Although marriage was realized through a combination between man and woman,no man's requirements and criteria were expressed in the ceremony of marriage and its symbolic meaning.This was because the man acted only as a medium of the woman's marriage whereas it was the woman who would carry the responsibility to preserve the stability of marriage and harmony of the family.

  13. The Nanjing Youth Olympic Games opening ceremo-ny Cultural Interpretation%南京青奥会开幕式表演文化内涵解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白银龙; 聂锐新; 李学东

    2015-01-01

    南京青奥会开幕式是大型体育赛事开幕式中的一朵奇葩,为全世界奉献了一场精彩卓绝的视觉大餐。本文采用文献资料、录像观察等方法,对南京青奥会开幕式表演蕴含的文化内涵进行研究。研究认为,青奥会开幕式表演作为一种人类的文化艺术形式,充分的表现出了:追梦主题贯穿始终、中国传统文化突出、高科技使用达到极致、南京元素与中国元素并重、节俭开幕创奇迹等特点。开幕式展示出了中华传统文化的精髓,南京文化的魅力,开放从容的大国情怀,积极向上的青奥精神,以及高新科技让卓越创意成为现实。本次开幕式是中华民族优秀传统文化与奥林匹克文化的再一次融合,必将在世界青奥历史上留下浓墨重彩的一笔。%Nanjing Youth Olympic opening ceremony is a large sporting event in a wonderful opening ceremony for the world dedicated to a wonderful extraordinary visual feast. In this paper,literature,video observation and other methods of cultural connotation of Nanjing YOG Opening Ceremony inherent in research. Studies suggest that the Youth Olympic Games Opening Ceremony as a form of human culture and art, fully demonstrated:Dream theme throughout,prominent Chinese traditional culture,the use of high technology to the extreme,both elements of Nan-jing Chinese elements,thrift opening miracles and so on. Opening ceremony demonstrated the essence of Chinese traditional culture, Nanjing cultural charm, open country feeling relaxed and positive spirit of the Youth Olympic Games,as well as high-tech make creative excellence be-comes a reality. The opening ceremony is a fine traditional Chinese culture and the Olympic cultural fusion once a-gain,will leave an indelible mark on the history of the World Youth Olympic Games.

  14. A Dialectic Study of the Structure and Basic Concepts of Traditional Chinese Law and an Analysis of the Relationship Between li (ceremony) and fa (law)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Xianyi; MA Xiaohong

    2006-01-01

    In the course of history,the meaning offa (a Chinese character with an approximate meaning of "law") has not been invariable,and its connotation in modem times has been enriched constantly,so as to incorporate many elements of ancient li (ceremony).If the modem concept of law,already changed and still changing,is to be used to mechanically compare and interpret traditional Chinese law,misunderstandings might arise.Actually,li and fa are indispensable components of traditional Chinese law,and the lack of necessary study of the li will prevent us from understanding and explaining the spirit of traditional Chinese law.In traditional Chinese law,"fa" usually refers to an institutional dimension,especially after Qin and Han dynasties,whereas li,especially li yi (moral basis for rites and ceremonies),is where the value and spirit of traditional Chinese law can be found.

  15. Her Excellency Mrs Sarah Gillett Her Majesty's Ambassador to the Swiss Confederation United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the occasion of the Antony Gormley sculpture unveiling ceremony Wednesday 7th December 2011

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    Her Excellency Mrs Sarah Gillett Her Majesty's Ambassador to the Swiss Confederation United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the occasion of the Antony Gormley sculpture unveiling ceremony Wednesday 7th December 2011

  16. 23 March 2015 - Tree planting ceremony Chemin Auguer, by His Holiness the XIIth Gyalwang Drukpa and CERN Director-General, on the occasion of the event Connecting Worlds: Science Meets Buddhism Great Minds, Great Matters.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2015-01-01

    23 March 2015 - Tree planting ceremony Chemin Auguer, by His Holiness the XIIth Gyalwang Drukpa and CERN Director-General, on the occasion of the event Connecting Worlds: Science Meets Buddhism Great Minds, Great Matters.

  17. An Analysis of the Inevitability of the Combination of Japanese Tea Ceremony and Zen%论日本“茶禅一心”的必然性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦毓芳

    2014-01-01

    本文从多角度探讨了中国茶文化传入日本后,在茶道形成的过程中与禅宗结合,形成“茶禅一心”的必然性。因茶道与禅宗教义的完美契合,禅僧将茶带回日本,并在数代禅僧的努力下发展成茶道。而禅宗教义深得日本统治阶层认可,更为广大日本民众接受,因此融汇了禅宗精神的日本茶道也由此得以兴盛与普及,从而确立其地位并发展为日本传统文化中的一枝奇葩。%This paper examines from various aspects the inevitability of a combination of Japanese tea ceremony and Zen given the fact that Chinese tea culture was brought into Japan and developed into the Japanese tea ceremony. Because of the perfect match with Zen spirit, Chinese tea culture was brought into Japan by Zen priests, and later, with efforts by generations of Zen priests, developed into Japanese tea ceremony. Thanks to the acceptance of the Zen spirit by Japan’s ruling classes and Japanese people, tea ceremony, in combination with Zen spirit, became prevailing and popular, and was finally developed into a wonder of Japanese traditional culture.

  18. 论日本战国末期茶道的政治性%On the Politics of Japanese Tea Ceremony in the Late Sengoku Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄霄龙

    2012-01-01

    The late Sengoku period (namely Azuchi-Momoyama period or Shokuho period) is the transition period from medieval Japan to Early Modern Japan. During this period, tea ceremony was used frequently in politics and diplomatism by Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. The Chajin have a close relation with politics, especially Sen no Riky u, and the Toyotomi regime had a direct influence on Riky u's suicide. Tea ceremony, as a national ceremony, represented the new culture in that period. The command of tea ceremony equaled the establishment of authority in culture when a new organ of political power was set up.%日本战国时代末期(又称安土桃山时代或者织丰时期)是日本中世到近世的过渡期。在这个时期,织田信长与丰臣秀吉把茶道多方面地运用在政治与外交中,以千利休为代表的茶人们也与政治有着密切的联系,千利休的剖腹自杀也直接受丰臣政权的局势的影响。茶道作为国家级别的仪式,代表着该时代新兴的艺术文化。在新政权确立的过程中,当权者对茶道的掌控意味着其文化权威的确立。

  19. Lead detection in food, medicinal, and ceremonial items using a portable X-ray fluorescence (XRF) instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reames, Ginger; Charlton, Valerie

    2013-01-01

    The authors evaluated a Niton XLp303A X-ray fluorescence (XRF) instrument, used to identify lead hazards in housing, to determine its effectiveness to screen food, medicinal, and ceremonial items during lead poisoning investigations. Fifty-eight suspect exposure items were tested for lead by XRF and then sent to the laboratory for confirmation. A lead content cut-point of 10 parts per million (ppm; the lower level at which the XRF model could reliably determine the presence of lead) was used to evaluate the results. The Niton consistently identified the presence of lead spectra emissions and gave quantitative readings above 10 ppm for the nine samples with lead content that exceeded 10 ppm in laboratory testing. The authors' study suggests that the Niton XLp303A is an effective screening method for food and similar items with lead content > or = 10 ppm, provided the operator is trained to identify lead spectra. Rapid, on-site identification of lead exposure sources allows an investigator to inform the family of immediate steps they can take to decrease their child's lead exposure. PMID:23397645

  20. Una liturgia de ruptura: el ceremonial de consagración y coronación de Agustín I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DAVID CARBAJAL LÓPEZ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El 21 de julio de 1822 tuvo lugar la coronación del emperador Agustín de Iturbide, en una ceremonia original por su novedad y por el carácter constitucional del monarca. Insertada en la tradición hispánica por la historiografía reciente, la ceremonia rompía por sí misma con ella, pues el principal ceremonial de exaltación del monarca español había sido su entrada pública en la Corte, reproducida en América a través de la proclamación y paseo del Real Pendón. Además, el ceremonial retomó ampliamente el utilizado por Napoleón Bonaparte en 1804, enlazándose así con la tradición francesa de la coronación de Reims, y copiando en particular los gestos que marcaban la distancia entre el emperador y el clero. En fin, los redactores del ceremonial dieron también una importante visibilidad al Congreso, representante de la soberanía nacional.

  1. 《典仪》中印第安人的身份重构之路%On identity reconstruction of native Americans in Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董松涛

    2014-01-01

    Ceremony,one of the classics of Leslie Marmon Silko, revealing native Americans’ predicaments of being marginalized, this paper, analyzing a series of ceremonies held for Tayo to cure his physical and mental sufferings, proves that ceremonies are the key factors for native Americans to return their traditional Indian culture, get out of trouble of identity loss and reconstruct their identity.%由于欧洲殖民者到达美洲新大陆后对土著印第安人实行种族灭绝和文化征服政策,美洲印第安人长期面临严重的生存危机。莱斯利·马蒙·希尔科的小说《典仪》展现了混血印第安人被边缘化的困境。通过分析为小说主人公塔尤治愈身心创伤的一系列典仪,证明了典仪是印第安人回归传统文化、摆脱身份迷失困境和重构自我身份的关键。

  2. “和、敬、清、寂”--日本茶道精神解析%Harmony,Respect,Purity,Silence---Japanese Tea Ceremony Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟海涛

    2014-01-01

    Japanese tea ceremony is a traditional cultural art combining religion with art from genera-tion to generation ,affecting the Japanese life .The highest state of studying Japanese tea ceremony is experiencing "four noble truths",namely Harmony ,Respect ,Purity ,Silence ."Therefore ,through the interpretation of the tea etiquette and process ,we can have a deep understanding of tea ceremony and Japanese cultural life .%日本茶道是将宗教和艺术结合的一门传统文化艺术,在日本世代相传,深刻影响着日本人的生活。而研习日本茶道的最高境界就是体会其“四谛”,即“和、敬、清、寂”的茶道精神。通过阐释茶道礼仪及茶事流程所体现的茶道精神,能深入理解“和、敬、清、寂”的深刻含义及日本人的文化生活。

  3. Origins and Evolvements of Japanese Tea Ceremony%日本茶道文化的渊源与流变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李薇

    2014-01-01

    China and Japan, two neighboring countries separated by a strip of water, conduct frequent exchanges with each other in various fields concerning politics, economics, religion, arts and culture. What's more, the exchange of tea cultures between China and Japan can be regarded as a bright pearl during these two countries' historical exchanges. To acquire a deeper understanding of Chinese and Japanese tea cultures, the author explores the relationships between Chinese tea culture and Japanese tea ceremony and recognizes the differences of tea cultures between these two countries from the perspective of historical development.%中国和日本作为隔海相望、一衣带水的邻邦,自古以来就在政治、经济、宗教、艺术、文化等各个领域有着频繁的往来与交流。而中日间的茶文化交流,更可以说是两国历史交流历程中的一颗光彩夺目的明珠。为了能更深入地了解日本茶文化,本文从历史发展的角度出发,旨在发现中日茶文化之间的联系和差异,希望通过对别国优秀文化的借鉴,来促进本国文化的发展。

  4. Ibsen's Plays in China And Their Ethical Value:A Speech at the Closing Ceremony of the Third International Ibsen Conference in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nie Zhenzhao

    2005-01-01

    This is a speech delivered at the closing ceremony of The Third International Ibsen Conference in China, which introduces some people and their studies on Ibsen in China, and takes A Doll's House as an example for an ethical analysis. The speech chooses Professor Wang Zhongxiang, Professor Kwok-kan Tam, Professor Knut Brynhildsvoll and others for an evaluation of their studies as the evidence of achievements in the Ibsen studies in the New Period in China. The speech, from the perspective of ethical literary criticism, also analyses A Doll's House as a moral play to raise moral questions and concludes that Ibsen's so-called social problem plays are ethical problem ones.

  5. Cultural Analysis of Olympic Flame Lighting Ceremony%奥运圣火点燃仪式的文化解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董宇; 孙玉巍; 石晶; 李小兰

    2013-01-01

      运用文献资料法、观察法等研究方法,从文化学视角分析奥运圣火点燃仪式的文化价值,从文化学的物质、制度、精神3个层面解读奥运圣火点燃过程中所蕴含的理念与创意,从而深入理解和传承奥运文化。奥运火炬作为奥运精神的物质文化载体,其设计造型对彰显东道主本土文化与教育传播有着十分重要的价值与意义;奥运火炬传递作为奥林匹克运动会的前奏,具有自己独特的结构和功能,体现出明显的文化特性,符合奥运文化的发展要求;奥运圣火点燃更是整个开幕式中的核心环节,是主办国对奥运情感的抒发、奥运精神的理解、奥运承办的勇气的现实见证,为体育、艺术、科技精髓的融合提供了现实舞台。%With the methods of documental information and observation, the paper analyzes the cultural val-ue of Olympic flame lighting ceremony from the viewpoint of culturology.It discusses the ideas and originali-ty of Olympic flame lighting ceremony from matter, system and spirit of culturology in order to further under-stand and inherit the culture of Olympic Games.As the material carrier of Olympic culture, the Olympic torch’ design plays an important role in highlighting the host native culture and educational dissemination;as a prelude to Olympics Games, the Olympic torch has its unique structure and function which embody the obvious cultural features in line with the developing requirements of Olympic culture.Especially as the core of the opening ceremony, the Olympic flame lighting ceremony can really witness the host country’s Olympic emotional expression, Olympic spirit understanding and courage of hosting Olympics, which provides a real-istic stage for the fusion of sports, art, science and technology.

  6. Ceremony marking Einstein Year

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Sunday 13th November at 10:00amat Geneva's St. Peter's Cathedral To mark Einstein Year and the importance of the intercultural dialogue of which it forms a part, a religious service will take place on Sunday 13 November at 10 a.m. in St. Peter's Cathedral, to which CERN members and colleagues are warmly welcomed. Pastor Henry Babel, senior minister at the Cathedral, will speak on the theme: 'God in Einstein's Universe'. Diether Blechschmidt will convey a message on behalf of the scientific community.

  7. The LEP inauguration ceremony

    CERN Multimedia

    1989-01-01

    This photo was taken in November 1989 at the inauguration of the Large Electron-Positron (LEP) collider. From the left, Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, King Carl Gustav of Sweden, CERN Council President Josef Rembser, President Francois Mitterand of France, President Jean-Pascal Delamuraz of Switzerland, Carlo Rubbia, Director-General of CERN at the time.

  8. Ceremony 25 years Cern

    CERN Multimedia

    Schopper,H

    1981-01-01

    Le D.G.H.Schopper remercie le personnel pour son engagement, collaboration et enthousiasme pendant leur 25 ans de service; il remercie aussi sincèrement les épouses et époux pour leur compréhension, ainsi que le chef gérant du restaurant Coop pour ses précieux services depuis 1956. Colin Taylor joue au piano les hymnes nationaux des differents pays; remise des souvenirs par (?)

  9. GYANTSE SPRING PLOUGHING CEREMONY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    With a total of 765.6 hectares of plowed land,Kharmey Township is the principal place for grain production in Gyantse.Villagers, including both men and women,old or young and dressed in festival costumes,are crowding together at the edge of the field in the early morning;they place buttered tea, barley yeasted wine,sutra steamers, and incense burners for prayers for

  10. Study ethnomathematics of aboge (alif, rebo, wage) calendar as determinant of the great days of Islam and traditional ceremony in Cirebon Kasepuhan Palace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syahrin, Muhammad Alfi; Turmudi, Puspita, Entit

    2016-02-01

    This research attempts to show about the relationship between mathematics and culture. Paradigm that emerged currently, that mathematics is an abstract concept and difficult, therefore mathematics is not favored by most students. In the reality, indirectly mathematics is present in a culture of a society. Ethnomathematics study is a study to examine how does a group of people in a particular culture understand, express, and use the concepts and practices of culture that depicted mathematically. This research was conducted in Cirebon precisely in Kasepuhan Palace, which was in RW 04, Kasepuhan village, Lemah Wungkuk district, Cirebon city, West Java. The focus of the study and research purposes was the application of aboge (alif rebo wage) calendar as the calculation of days and the calendar rules determine the time of days, great days of Islam and traditional ceremony in Kasepuhan Palace. Qualitative methods with the principles of ethnography such as studies in ethnomathematics i.e observation, interviews, documentation and fieldnotes were used in this research. The findings of this ethnomathematics study show that the determining great days of Islam and the days of palace traditional ceremony have a close relationship with the counts and principles in mathematics. This study provides recommendations that mathematics is closely related to culture due to ethnomathematics.

  11. An Interpretation of the Ecological Ethics in Ceremony%《典仪》中的生态伦理意蕴解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明兰; 王发德

    2014-01-01

    莱斯利·马蒙·西尔科在《典仪》中,通过讲述无归属的印第安青年塔尤经过部落典仪治疗找回自我和身份的故事,再现了原住民的地域景观、宗教信仰、传统习俗,重新演绎了这一原生文化形态及其魅力。土著人的灵学观、时空观体现了印第安人万物合一的整体观及和谐文化精神,对复原和身份认同起了重要的作用。%In Ceremony, Leslie Marmon Silko tells a story of how Tayo, a Native American, reestablishes his cultural identity with the treatment of tribal ceremony after returning back from the World War II. Through the story, Leslie reproduces the geographical landscape, religious beliefs and customs of the n-ative people, revealing the charm of the native culture. Native Americans’ animism, view of time and space represent their concept of holism and harmonious cultural spirit, and play an important role in help-ing them regain cultural identity.

  12. The Heavenly Cow Rupan and the Festival of Ceremonial Torture Gai-Goheri: Myth, Rituals and Sacrifice among the People of the Bhil Tribe of Western India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarita Sahay

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Gai-Goheri, the festival of ceremonial torture, is a popular ritualamong the people of the Bhil tribe of Western India. Beliefs and myths of this festival play an important role in forming a series of rituals, which include not only the buttock-burning of the cattle but also their decorations and worshipping. The ritual, in which the villagers, while in religious mood, prostrate before hundreds of running cattle and get seriously hurt, is the climax of the festival.Villagers then inhale the smoke of burning dhup (perfumed sawdust, dance and drink liquor in a state of trance.This article makes a serious attempt to analyse the festival of ceremonial torture, as well as the associated rituals, along with the related mythological story of the cow named Rupan, which has presented a pragmatic charter of the primitive faith, vouching for the efficacies of the festival. The socio-economic system of the tribe has also helped in making the entire celebration amply adaptable even today.

  13. Discussion on the "Hajie" Ceremony Culture of Jing%浅述京族“哈节”仪式文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈孝余

    2011-01-01

    Hajie ceremony is not only the most important ethnic Serbs in Jing festivals,but also the tribe's activity respecting for the Holy Spirit, seeking peace annually,as the main content of the grand event.As a nation describing the history about sea,its Hajie Festival steeped in the archaic relic of Jing.Therefore,Hajie is the carrier of the national culture of jing,and is a comprehensive reflection of culture and the personal expression about Jing national consciousness.This thesis discusses the basic processes and characteristics of sacrificial culture of the ceremony of Ha jie via the Ha jie in Wu Tou,one of the three islands of Jing.%"哈节"是京族人最为重要的民族传统节日,也是京族人一年一度的以"敬圣神、求平安"为主要内容的盛大活动。作为一个以"海"抒写历史的民族,京族"哈节"积淀着的民族传统。因此,哈节是京族文化的集中体现。哈节仪式丰富多彩,是京族文化与宗教思想的综合表现。

  14. Cultural Significance of "Naming" in the Capping Ceremony in Zhou Dynasty%周代冠礼中取“字”仪节的文化意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马金亮

    2012-01-01

    周代是中国礼乐文明的奠基和勃兴时期,冠礼因为"礼之始",而被当时士大夫阶层以上社会群体普遍重视,成为重要的社会制度和人生礼仪。作为成人礼的冠礼,实际上是一种"过渡礼仪",而取"字"仪节也正体现了明显的过渡和象征含义,象征冠者被聚合入贵族群体和身份角色的转换,从此他们进入成人行列,开始享有权利并承担义务。%Zhou Dynasty is the primary and fundamental period for Chinese ritual and mu- sic culture. As the "starting point" of ritual,the Capping Ceremony was valued by the noble class as significant social system and life ritual. The Capping Ceremony is the for adulthood. It is actually a "transitional ritual" while the ritual of "naming" is a good example for the transi- tion, symbolizing the role of the being capped joining the noble group sharing their right and re- sponsibilities.

  15. 论春节仪式所蕴含的文化价值功能%On the Function of Cultural Value Contained in Spring Festival Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩大强

    2015-01-01

    春节是中华民族最为重要的传统节日,也是参与度最高、最为隆重的节日。春节不仅仅作为度量时间的一个单位,将自然界描述清楚,而且它承载着丰富的文化内涵。春节的诸种事项活动及其所蕴含的意义,是通过仪式来实现的,仪式使得节日的意义形象化、具体化。过年仪式活动彰显个人情感归属功能、文化价值认同功能、社会规范整合功能。%Spring Festival is the most important traditional festivals, and mostly involved and the grandest as well. Spring Festival is not only a unit for time measure, describing the nature clearly, but also carries rich cultural connotations. All of the events and connota⁃tions of Spring Festival are realized in the ceremonies, which make the meaning of festival more visualized and concrete. Meanwhile, such ceremonies demonstrate the following functions as the belonging of personal feelings, cultural value identity and integration of so⁃cial norms.

  16. On the Distinction of Chinese and Japanese Tea Presenting Ceremonies%浅析日本茶道与中国茶文化的区别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周卓鹏

    2011-01-01

    茶道是一种文化艺能,是荼事与文化的完美结合,是修养和教化的手段。茶道的根源是中国茶文化,而日本将其融入日本文化中,形成自己独特的日本茶道。本文从内涵、构成要素、制作工艺和流派等4个方面探讨了日本茶道与中国荼文化的区别。%The tradition of tea presenting is a perfect combination of tea and culture as well as an approach to educate people and cultivate manners. It originated gled with Japanese culture and graduall plores the distinctions of tea presenting nents, processes and schools. in China and was later introduced to Japan, where it min- y became the unique Japanese tea presenting ceremony. This paper ex- ceremonies in China and Japan in terms of their connotation, compo-

  17. 松赞林寺“迎佛节”仪式音乐考察%A Survey on the Music of the "Welcoming Buddha Day" Ceremony of Songzanlin Temple

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申波

    2012-01-01

    The survey of the Shangri - La Songzanlin Temple "Welcoming Buddha Day " ceremony, examines the relationship between music and ceremony, and from the perspective of the individual observation, describes the interaction between ceremony of music and ceremony faith" validity " pointing out that : reading, singing (song), playing (music) as a structured representation system, in " Welcoming Buddha Day" ceremony, not only constitute an important way of cultural impact statements, but also constitute important ethnic groups in Tibet psychological experience and emotional memory. Referred to as a cultural symbol for the ceremony, music has become an important carrier of the unique history of the Tibetan ethnic society in the public domain statements.%对香格里拉松赞林寺"迎佛节"仪式的考察,透视了音乐与仪式的关系,并以个体观察的立场,描述了仪式音乐与仪式信仰"有效性"的互动关系,指出:念(经)、唱(歌)、奏(乐)作为一种结构表述系统,它在"迎佛节"仪式中,不仅构成了文化陈述的重要途径,更构成了藏民族群体重要的心理体验与情感记忆。作为一种文化象征所指的符号标志,仪式音乐成为了藏民族社会公共领域独特历史表述的重要载体。

  18. Special address by the Director of the Federal Radiation Protection Service, Prof. Akin Ojo at the opening ceremony of the national workshop on radiation protection and quality control in medical and industrial practices FRPS, Ibadan on Monday 15 November 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A special address by the Director of the Federal Radiation Protection Service, Prof. Akin Ojo at the opening ceremony of the national workshop on radiation protection and quality control in medical and industrial practices held at the Federal Radiation Protection Service, Physics Dept. University of Ibadan from Monday 15 to Friday 19 November 1999

  19. A Bio-Postmodernism Analysis of Ceremony%论《典仪》中的后现代生态观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋薇

    2012-01-01

    从生态后现代主义的视角解读莱斯利·马蒙·希尔科的代表作《典仪》,认为《典仪》传达出的有机整体观、女性文化象征的恢复、可持续发展等后现代生态观,不仅是对现代世界观的否定,更是恢复生态、救赎人类的救助策略。%Leslie Marmon Silko's Ceremony is analyzed adopting an ecological postmodern criticism.The viewpoints of universe,restoration of feminine cultural symbolism and ecological view of nature in this novel are not only the negation of modern worldview,but the rescue strategy of ecosystem restoration and the redemption of mankind.

  20. Enrico Fermi Awards Ceremony for Dr. Mildred S. Dresselhaus and Dr. Burton Richter, May 2012 (Presentations, including remarks by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fermi Award is a Presidential award and is one of the oldest and most prestigious science and technology honors bestowed by the U.S. Government. On May 7, 2012 it was conferred upon two exceptional scientists: Dr. Mildred Dresselhaus, 'for her scientific leadership, her major contributions to science and energy policy, her selfless work in science education and the advancement of diversity in the scientific workplace, and her highly original and impactful research,' and Dr. Burton Richter, 'for the breadth of his influence in the multiple disciplines of accelerator physics and particle physics, his profound scientific discoveries, his visionary leadership as SLAC Director, his leadership of science, and his notable contributions in energy and public policy.' Dr. John Holder, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, opened the ceremony, and Dr. Bill Brinkman, Director of DOE's Office of Science introduced the main speaker, Dr. Steven Chu, U.S. Energy Secretary.

  1. On the Culture of Sports Tourism in Bai Ethnic Wedding Ceremony%白族婚礼中婚庆体育文化探索研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚雪梅; 黄建芬; 和执军

    2015-01-01

    大量白族结婚礼仪活动内容在不断被外来的礼仪活动汉化并逐渐消失,但是在大理周边的边远山区的边远县城中依然完整地保留了白族许多的古老结婚仪式和习俗,其中包含了大量的民族传统体育文化,如“耳子歌”、“哩革歌”、“摆丑舞”是白族婚庆文化中颇具代表性和典型性的礼仪活动,它们以不同的规模、不同的时间出现,小到盖房、搬家的小型亲友聚会活动,大到“本主”庙会的请神活动,都以各式各样的形式表达出来,同时这些活动也是研究白族先民的婚庆体育文化和白族人民历史发展的有力依据。%A lot of Bai wedding ethnic ceremony activities are gradually Chinesized and disappeared with the influence from the foreign etiquette activities, but in the remote mountainous areas and remote counties around Dali, there still retain many of the ancient Bai wedding ceremony and customs, which contain a large number of national traditional sports culture contents, such as ethnic songs and dances, being the representative and typical rituals of Bai ethnic wedding culture. They appear in different time , with different scales, different occasions, such as houses construction, party of family, temple God worship activities,are showed with different forms. They form a strong basis for the study on the Bai ancestors wedding sports culture and the historical development of the Bai people.

  2. Simultaneous Interpreting of C-E Ceremonial Speeches under the Schema Theory%图式理论关照下的汉英礼仪类讲话同声传译

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹俊雯

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the simultaneous interpreting of C-E ceremonial speeches from the perspective of Schema Theo⁃ry, and stresses the importance of noticing the characteristics of ceremonial speeches and applying the language schema, content schema and structure schema to practice, which enables simultaneous interpreters to prepare the background knowledge and antic⁃ipate contextual information to improve the quality of interpretation.%  该文借助图式理论,探析汉英礼仪类讲话的同声传译,强调译员应利用语言图式、内容图式和结构图式,掌握汉英礼仪类讲话的特点,更好地准备背景知识,预测上下文信息,提高同传质量。

  3. 彝族舞蹈擦大钹丧葬仪式节目程式分析研究%Yi dance Rub Cymbals Funeral Ceremony Program Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜

    2014-01-01

    少数民族民俗舞蹈是中华民族传统文化的组成部分。云南保山彝族村寨在长期的生活中,形成了既有历史传承性又有自身创造发展的舞蹈擦大钹民俗舞蹈。这种舞蹈集民俗、武术、杂耍为一体。本文通过对保山市瓦窑村擦大钹表演者的调查采访,主要对擦大钹丧葬仪式中节目的程式进行论述。%Ethnic Folk dance is an integral part of Chinese traditional culture. Baoshan Yi village life in the long terms, the formation of both the historical heritage but also create their own dance development rub cymbals folk dance. This set of folk dance, martial arts, and acrobatics as a whole. Based on the village of Baoshan City Wayao rub cymbals performers survey interview, mainly to rub cymbals funeral ceremony of the program are discussed in the program.

  4. New Interpretation of Sun Dance Ceremony of North American Indians%北美印第安人太阳舞仪式的新解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏莉

    2012-01-01

    Sun Dance is the predominantly chief religious ceremony hold by the North American Indians, which derived from the culture popular from the 18th to 19th century. This article summarizes the basic processes of the Sun Dance, analyses the symbolizing meanings of some animal instruments, such as skin and organs, mainly expounds the spiritual nature which constructing the positive interactive relationship between mankind and ecosystem. This understanding about the harmonious relationship in the universe offers the modern human civilization the profound revelation.%太阳舞是北美印第安人举行的重要宗教仪式,源于18~19世纪盛兴于北美的捕猎野牛的文化。本文概述了太阳舞仪式的基本过程,分析了太阳舞中使用的某些动物皮毛及器官的象征意义,重点阐释了太阳舞的精神实质:构建人类与生态和谐共处的良性互动关系,这也是对现代人类文明的深刻启示。

  5. 中国“茶道”探微:基于中日茶文化的比较研究视角%Exploring the Tea Ceremony of China---A Comparative Perspective on Chinese and Japanese Tea Cultures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李芳菲; 王胜鹏

    2014-01-01

    As a Chinese invention,tea drinking,after being introduced to Japan,was developed into a compre-hensive cultural event with distinct Japanese features known to the world as Tea Ceremony. This paper conducts a contrastive study of tea cultural development in both China and Japan,and explores whether there is a cere-monial and institutional tea drinking ceremony in China.%茶的利用是中国先民的伟大发明,茶由中国流传到日本后,经过几百年的发展演变,衍生出了独具日本民族特色和风格的综合性文化艺术活动---“茶道”,并闻名于世。文章试从中日茶文化的发展路径与差异对比的角度,探讨作为茶的故乡,且有着丰富文化体系的中国,是否存在日本式的外在化、礼制化的“茶道”。

  6. 韩国仪式戏剧的演出形态和艺术品格研究%On Performing Forms and Artistic Characters of Korean Ceremonial Plays

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国强

    2015-01-01

    Korean ceremonial plays are originated from Korean Shaman ceremony. According to sacriifce and drama factors, the plays can be divided into two categories: 1) primitive ceremonial plays which center on sacriifce rites and include certain drama performance elements; 2) prototypical ceremonial plays which include major factors of drama performance while reserving traces of of sacriifce rites. In the former category, gods/goddesses often perform the rituals, while the latter category is mainly about daily life. It adopts the play-ritual interweaving method and a sacrifice-before-play form. On the whole, Korean ceremonial plays still keep the “game quality” of primitive plays, and they also possess the artistic characters of being simple, humorous and impromptu.%本文在田野调查的基础上,对韩国仪式戏剧的演出形态和艺术品格进行了探讨。韩国仪式戏剧根据萨满祭祀仪式中祭祀因素与戏剧因素的关系分为两类:祭祀仪式为主、蕴含了一定的戏剧表演因素的原始形态的仪式戏剧;保留了祭祀仪式痕迹、具备了戏剧主要因素的典型仪式戏剧。原始形态的仪式戏剧多采用代神演仪和扮神演仪的形态;典型的仪式戏剧以世俗生活戏为主,戏仪交错,先祭后戏。韩国仪式戏剧仍然保存着原始戏剧的“游戏特质”,具有拙朴、风趣、即兴的艺术品格。

  7. 对全国少数民族传统体育运动会开幕式的思考%The thinking of the opening ceremony of National Traditional Ethnic Minority Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张辉; 程兵

    2012-01-01

    运用文献资料法、数理统计法、逻辑分析法等,对全国民运会的开幕式结构、发展过程、凸显的问题等现状进行分析,并提出建议:开幕式的核心是体现民族大团结;开幕式的灵魂是创意:包括各民族同台献艺、中华武术中仿生学的运用、原生态民族体育与大型团体操的融合、实现各民族美丽传说等;民运会的发展方向是全民开幕式、“节俭办会”将深得民心,期望能为全国民运会开幕式的举办和其它专家学者的研究提供参考。%It analyzes the situation of the structure, development process, highlighting the problem of The National- ity Games opening ceremony by the use of literature, mathematical statistics, logical analysis and makes recommen- dations on the current situation : The core of the opening ceremony embodies the national unity, the soul of the o- pening ceremony is the creative, which includes the show of all ethnic groups on the stage, the use of the bionics in Chinese martial arts, the integration of the original ecology of the national sport and large - scale group calisthenics and the achievement the legend of all ethnic groups and so on. The development direction of National Games is o- pening ceremony for all, and the "Economical National Games" will win the hearts of all people. I hope to provide a reference for the opening ceremony of the National Games and provide a basis for the study of other experts and scholars

  8. Rewarding safe behavior: strategies for change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fell-Carlson, Deborah

    2004-12-01

    Effective, sustainable safety incentives are integrated into a performance management system designed to encourage long term behavior change. Effective incentive program design integrates the fundamental considerations of compensation (i.e., valence, instrumentality, expectancy, equity) with behavior change theory in the context of a strong merit based performance management system. Clear expectations are established and communicated from the time applicants apply for the position. Feedback and social recognition are leveraged and used as rewards, in addition to financial incentives built into the compensation system and offered periodically as short term incentives. Rewards are tied to specific objectives intended to influence specific behaviors. Objectives are designed to challenge employees, providing opportunities to grow and enhance their sense of belonging. Safety contests and other awareness activities are most effective when used to focus safety improvement efforts on specific behaviors or processes, for a predetermined period of time, in the context of a comprehensive safety system. Safety incentive programs designed around injury outcomes can result in unintended, and undesirable, consequences. Safety performance can be leveraged by integrating safety into corporate cultural indicators. Symbols of safety remind employees of corporate safety goals and objectives (e.g., posted safety goals and integrating safety into corporate mission and vision). Rites and ceremonies provide opportunities for social recognition and feedback and demonstrate safety is a corporate value. Feedback opportunities, rewards, and social recognition all provide content for corporate legends, those stories embellished over time, that punctuate the overall system of organizational norms, and provide examples of the organizational safety culture in action.

  9. 传统武术拜师仪式刍议--民族体育中的一个文化现象阐释%On the National Sports Culture Phenomenon:Traditional Wushu Apprentice Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李亚蒙

    2015-01-01

    文章从文化学的视角,结合西方功能学派的观点,对传统武术中的拜师仪式这一文化现象的形成进行了文化学意义上的解析,提出拜师仪式文化的传承来自于“文化迫力”。通过文献资料法和逻辑分析法,得出拜师仪式存在的价值与作用是:拜师仪式中的师承制文化满足了传统武术文化中技艺与人才传承的缺失与创新需求;拜师仪式制度下师徒之间“技道并行”的武术传承内容在“武术文化空间”下的整体性传承;拜师仪式文化中的口传心授传承方式在非物质文化遗产的传承保护和抵御西方体育文化的冲击中存在的生存优势。通过仪式文化,去阐释中国民族体育的文化内涵,从拜师仪式文化中发掘传统武术的显性和隐性传承方式,对民族体育的传承和发展都有极其重要的作用。%From the perspective of culture, combing Western functional school point of view, the paper does the ananlysis of the formation of the traditional Wushu apprentice ceremony and its cultural significance, and argues that the ceremony's cultural inheritance is from"cultural force". With the methods of literature and logical analysis, the study finds the value and role of the cultural phenomenon, and draws the conclusion:the apprentice ceremony succession can meet demands of Wushu innovation in the absence of skills and talents in traditional Wushu culture; under apprentice ceremony mentoring system, the"technology and morality parallel"development forms the united inheritance of Wushu content under the " Wushu cultural space"; oral teaching method of apprentice ceremony culture heritage has some survival advantage in heritage protection and resisting Western sports culture shock from the view of intangible culture protection. From the ettique culture, the study is to illustrate the cultural connotation of Chinese national sports through traditional Wushu apprentice ceremony

  10. 学校仪式的思想政治教育价值之失落与实现%Lost and Achieve of the Value of Ideological and Political Education of the School Ceremonies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐益亮

    2014-01-01

    学校仪式具有重要的思想政治教育价值,但目前却出现了不同程度的形式化、程式化和神秘化等不良倾向。新时期学校仪式建设与优化,要坚持主体性原则,尊重学生的自主性、培养创造性、突出发展性,立足实际,走进生活,贴近学生;坚持协调性原则,协调好学校仪式教育与学校文化建设、家庭仪式教育;坚持创新性原则,做到体现时代性,遵循规律性。加强制度化建设和艺术化设计是学校仪式思想政治教育价值实现的有效方法和途径。%Currently,the school presented a formal ceremony to varying degrees,stylized,mystical tendency,seriously affect-ing the realization of the value of its ideological and political education. New era school ritual reconstruction,should adhere to the principle of subjectivity,respect the autonomy of the students,develop creativity,highlight the development of resistance,based on reality,into the lives of nearly students;adhere to the principle of coordination,and coordinate the construction of the school cere-monies education and culture school,family social rituals education;insist the principle of innovation,so the times,follow the reg-ularity. Strengthening institutional building and artistic design is an effective method and means of ideological and political education school ceremonies value reconstruction.

  11. Study on Tourism Exploitation of Chaoshan Folk God-pageant Ceremony%潮汕游神赛会民俗文化旅游开发的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴莹; 刘炳献

    2015-01-01

    Folk God-pageant ceremony is the most distinctive worship ceremony and recreational activity in Chaoshan area. Based on the analysis of its value of developing folk tourism and the type of cultural preservation, we suggest that Chaoshan Folk God-pageant ceremony be developed into tourism products such as tourism festival, museum, performance in folk culture village, intangible cultural heritage training center and tourism souvenir. Furthermore, the article expounds the approaches to protect and exploit the traditional folk custom, and emphasizes that the cultural meanings and marketing of the custom-tourism-products should be deeply discussed.%潮汕游神赛会是潮汕民间最具文化特色的信仰祭祀和民间游艺活动。文章对潮汕游神赛会民俗文化旅游开发的基础和存在问题进行分析,指出潮汕游神赛会民俗文化旅游开发的产品类型选择应以民俗节庆开发为主,以博物馆中民俗专区、民俗文化园内表演项目、非遗传习机构和教育基地文化传承、及旅游纪念品开发为辅。要在科学发展观指引下加强对潮汕游神赛会民俗的保护,重视潮汕游神赛会民俗旅游产品“文化符号”的意义,并做好潮汕游神赛会民俗文化旅游产品开发的配套和营销。

  12. Analysis of Singles Day's Ceremonies Rites from Social Cultural Perspective%基于社会文化视角的光棍节节日仪式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林锦凤; 魏卫

    2011-01-01

    发达的网络传播方式使节庆名目和活动不断丰富.光棍节作为新潮的节日,包含许多特殊的活动和仪式,并衍生了光棍文化.文章通过网络渠道收集到光棍节节庆相关活动内容,用仪式的相关理论对光棍节节庆活动从内涵、分类和象征符号等三个方面进行分析,探索仪式发展的新变化.研究发现,光棍节仪式具有娱乐交际功能,反映单身年轻人的社交心理和生活方式,体现了社会文化的多元化和包容性.%Festivals are increasingly rich in names and contents with the development of society and network communication. As a trendy festival, Singles Day contains many special events and ceremonies, even derives the bachelor culture. This paper collects festival ceremonies and rites of Singles Day from network channels, analyzes these celebrations from its content, classification and symbols associating with rites theory, explores new development of rites. The result is that Single Day's ceremonies possesses social communication and entertainment functions, reflects single youth people's social psychology,with social and cultural significance.

  13. 广州亚运会开幕式的美学审视及存在问题%The Aesthetic Look and Problems of Guangzhou Asian Games Opening Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁浩波

    2011-01-01

    By use of literature,video observation,from an aesthetic point of view,the theme of the Guangzhou Asian Games Opening Ceremony from life embodied performances,higher than the natural beauty of life;"first in the world" social beauty;Chinese style lighting ceremony of the formal beauty;Green Action artistic beauty and physical interpretation;stage and audio-visual technology in five areas of aesthetic beauty features a brief analysis,and the slogans and themes,themes express the depth of the choice of music,cultural symbols Screening Analysis of the four issues of aesthetic flaws.Re-examine the Guangzhou Asian Games opening ceremony,helping to avoid defects,and providing some references for next lagre scale sports event.%运用文献资料法、录像观察法,从美学的角度,对广州亚运会开幕式主题演出所体现的"源于生活,高于生活"的自然美、"敢为天下先"的社会美、中国风点火仪式的形式美、绿色行动与体育诠释的艺术美、舞台与视听的科技美五个方面的美学特征进行了简要的剖析,并对口号与主题,主题表达的深度,音乐的选择,文化符号的筛选四个美学瑕疵问题进行评析。重新审视广州亚运会开幕式,有助于规避瑕疵,为以后再次承办大型体育盛会的构思和设计提供借鉴。

  14. 2008北京奥运会开幕式应急医疗保障%Analysis on the emergency medical services for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games opening ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭碧波; 侯世科; 于清; 陈志

    2009-01-01

    目的 研究超大型国际性集会的应急医疗保障.方法 回顾分析2006年北京奥运会开幕式应急医疗保障,对12万人区分为观众、演职人员、运动员及媒体人员,按集结区域、流动方向、流动路线、流动高峰,进行应急医疗保障,对保障结果进行统计.结果 573伤病员在开幕式期间得到了应急医疗救治,其中27人转送到奥运定点医院.无群体伤害事件发生,无一例死亡.结论 建立完善的应急医疗体系,超强配置院前急救力量,反复演练形成应急救援实力,按伤病员流动方向与流量部署医疗站点是本次开幕式的应急医疗保障的成功经验.%Objective To analyze the emergency medical services of the 2006 Olympic Came opening ceremony,and meanwhile to provide information and data for medical treatment at future international activities.Method About 120 000 people,consisting of athletes,actors,audience and staff,joined the opening ceremony.The emergency medical services were completed according to gathering regions,flowing directions,routes,and peaks,and the results were statistically analyzed.Results Twenty-two medical stations and 61 emergency medical supervising units provided pre-hospital services,and there turned out to be 573 patients during the opening ceremony.All of the patients were provided with emergent medical services on the spot,and some critically ill patients were sent to the local hospital after first aid.There was no death,serious.injuries,or chaos during the Opening Ceremony.Conchusions The foundation of emergency service is to set up a sound emergency response system.To successfully fulfill the minion.it is well-advised to enforce the pre-hospital human resources and emergency equipments,make serial trainings.collocate the medical station and supervising stands according to the the number of patients and its peak.

  15. Avatseremoonia = Grand Opening Ceremony : [fotod

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas Karu tänaval avati 16. mail 2007 uus juudi sünagoog, avamistseremoonial viibisid ka presidendid Toomas Hendrik Ilves ja Arnold Rüütel. Vt. ka foto lk. 36: Boris Oks is reciving medal from the President Mr. Ilves

  16. Ceremony 25th birthday Cern

    CERN Multimedia

    Van Hove,L

    1979-01-01

    Célébration du 25ème anniversaire du Cern (jour par jour) avec discours de L.Van Hove et J.B.Adams, des interludes musicals offerts par Mme Mey et ses collègues (au debut 1.mouvement du quatuor avec piano no 3 de L.van Beethoven) Les directeurs généraux procéderont à la remise du souvenir aux membres de personnel ayant 25 années de service dans l'organisation. Un témoignage de reconnaissance est auss fait à l'interprète Mme Zwerner

  17. The Hopi Clown Ceremony ("Tsukulalwa")

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hieb, Louis A.

    2008-01-01

    Images of kachinas and clowns are found throughout books, journals, and magazines that celebrate the arts of American Indian peoples, including the Hopi. As familiar as people are with these visual images, for the most part they are one-dimensional and suggest little of their meaningful contexts in Hopi thought and ritual. There are other more…

  18. On Planning Opening Ceremony of Chinese Sports Competition from the Perspective of Cultural Identity%文化认同视角下的中国体育竞赛开场仪式开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢洋

    2015-01-01

    从文化认同的视角出发,首先分析了体育竞赛中所承载的文化,在此基础上对中国的舞狮、舞龙、龙舟竞渡、武林大会体育竞赛开场仪式进行了对比分析研究,发现中国的体育竞赛开场仪式文化无论是从核心理念层到制度层再到行为层,还是到最外部的器物层,均未协调一致,不能做到贯穿始终。而中国武术开场礼仪虽有深厚的文化底蕴,但是却在行为层及器物层方面缺失,与核心理念层的“武德”关联性不大、貌似神离,实际过程中四个方面已不再是统一的文化结构。针对中国体育竞赛开场仪式开发提出:仪式开发需融合民族文化促进和谐;仪式开发需注重育体育人强调教化;仪式开发应突出精神主线塑造形象;器物开发须融合文化元素打造文化品牌;利用互联网与媒介传播仪式文化的开发建议。%From the perspective of cultural identity, this paper firstly analyzes the cultural bearing of sports compe-tition. It compares the opening ceremonies of such traditional sports competition events as lion dance, dragon dance and dragon boat race. It is found that culture embodied by the theories, mechanism, ritual and organization of sports opening ceremony in China are contradictory and inconstant. Thus the paper suggests the ritual should be instructive culturally;the ceremony should highlight the spiritual pursuits; the cultural elements should be included to build cultural brand;internet and new media should be used to transmit the ritual culture.

  19. University of Geneva honours LHC project leader Lyn Evans at 450th anniversary ceremony. The honorary degrees, which recognize endeavours in human rights and in fostering dialogue between nations, were also awarded to Mary Robinson, Desmond Tutu, as well as Pascal Lamy .

    CERN Document Server

    Maximilien Brice

    2009-01-01

    University of Geneva honours LHC project leader Lyn Evans at 450th anniversary ceremony. The honorary degrees, which recognize endeavours in human rights and in fostering dialogue between nations, were also awarded to Mary Robinson, Desmond Tutu, as well as Pascal Lamy .

  20. A recitation on the art characteristics and problems of the opening ceremony in Guangzhou Asian Games%广州亚运会开幕式艺术特点与问题评述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁浩波

    2011-01-01

    By using the methods of documents,video observation,comparing,induce and deduce,this ar-ticle analyses the art characteristics of the opening ceremony in 2010 Guangzhou Asian Games,and sum-marizes its problems in order to provide some references for medit%运用文献资料法、录像观察法、对比分析法和归纳演绎法,对2010年广州亚运会开幕式文体表演所体现的艺术特点进行分析与研究,总结归纳广州亚运会开幕式艺术特点中存在的问题,以期为今后再次承办大型体育盛会的构思和设计提供借鉴。

  1. Aggressive Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Stages Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Aggressive Behavior Page Content Article Body My child is sometimes ... type of behavior? The best way to prevent aggressive behavior is to give your child a stable, secure ...

  2. Functional Interpretation of Cultural Life Dimension at the Opening Ceremony of Modern Olympic Games%文化的生活维度在当代奥运会开幕式编导中的功能诠释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李金早; 孙玉良

    2014-01-01

    生活维度,是整个文化大系统得以维系的根基所在,构成了指导和评判当代奥运会开幕式在内的一切文化创造活动的基本立场。守持文化的生活维度,着眼于现实的生活世界,艺术化地回应当代民众集体的生活渴求,继而把文化的生活维度内蕴的逻辑原则贯穿于文化理念的确立、叙事方式的选择和文化素材的取舍等奥运会开幕式编导的具体行程,对它们形成有效的统摄作用,是当代奥运会开幕式实现成功编导和全球传播目标的根本保证。%As the footstone of cultural system, life dimension forms the basic standpoint for steering and evaluating cultural creativities including the opening ceremonies of Olympic Games. It is because of the fundamental guarantee for successful global communication that cultural ideas, narrative style and cultural materials are selected elaborately accord-ing the logic rule from cultural life dimension during the masterminding of the opening ceremonies of Olympic Games, which calls for responding people’s collective appeals in artistic ways standing among the contemporary world.

  3. On Fenghua Wind and Percussion Music in Ritual Ceremonies%戏曲·信仰·认同--奉化礼俗仪式中的吹打乐研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖松清

    2013-01-01

    Thanks to the unique geographic conditions and population migration in history, Fenghua was known for its traditional culture of superstition and preference of rites among the local people and this led to the emergence of various ritual ceremonies. The wind and percussion music is an indispensible part of all the ceremonies. This article analyzes the various forms of wind and percussion music played in ancestral worship rites and funerals in Fenghua and explores the reasons of the use of the dramatic music pieces in the performance of the wind and percussion instrumental music.%  特殊的自然生态环境和历史上大规模的人口迁徙,使得奉化的居民形成了“俗信鬼神,好淫祀”的文化特点,给这个地区民间信仰的存在和发展产生了重大影响,应运而生的各种礼俗仪式围绕着当地人的日常生活。而吹打乐则贯穿于各种仪式之中,吹打乐的乐曲则以戏曲音乐得以呈现。通过对当地祭祖、丧葬仪式中所使用的吹打乐进行形态的分析,结合信仰文化和认同观念,阐释当地的礼俗仪式中大量使用与戏曲音乐相关的吹打乐的原因。

  4. 黑衣壮信仰仪式中应对旱灾的传统智慧与经验%The Traditional Wisdom and Experience of the Black-cloth Zhuang's Belief and Ceremony to the Drought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁家靖

    2012-01-01

    2009年夏至2010年春,西南地区持续干旱,尤其是连年平均降雨1730~2133mm的那坡黑衣壮地区也遭遇干旱威胁,让人反思。本文从人类学视角发掘黑衣壮族群宗教信仰中对"水"的认知以及"保命保福"的信仰仪式蕴涵的应对自然灾害的传统智慧与经验。得出这一仪式的核心结论:树就是"命",树就是"福"。从中可以获得解决西南干旱问题的根本的甚至是唯一的方法,即种植适合当地生长的树木。%At present,southwest drought continued,especially in successive years with an average rainfall of 1730 ~ 2133 mm of the slope in the black-cloth zhuang also suffered a drought threat,let us.This paper,from the perspective of the anthropology explore black religious belief of the zhuang nationality "water" cognitive and protective the blessing "belief ceremony to contain natural disasters of the conventional wisdom and experience.The core of the ceremony to draw a conclusion: the trees that "life",a tree is "blessing".It can be solved southwest drought the root of the problem and even is the only way,that is suitable for the local growth of trees grow.

  5. Rewarding safe behavior: strategies for change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fell-Carlson, Deborah

    2004-12-01

    Effective, sustainable safety incentives are integrated into a performance management system designed to encourage long term behavior change. Effective incentive program design integrates the fundamental considerations of compensation (i.e., valence, instrumentality, expectancy, equity) with behavior change theory in the context of a strong merit based performance management system. Clear expectations are established and communicated from the time applicants apply for the position. Feedback and social recognition are leveraged and used as rewards, in addition to financial incentives built into the compensation system and offered periodically as short term incentives. Rewards are tied to specific objectives intended to influence specific behaviors. Objectives are designed to challenge employees, providing opportunities to grow and enhance their sense of belonging. Safety contests and other awareness activities are most effective when used to focus safety improvement efforts on specific behaviors or processes, for a predetermined period of time, in the context of a comprehensive safety system. Safety incentive programs designed around injury outcomes can result in unintended, and undesirable, consequences. Safety performance can be leveraged by integrating safety into corporate cultural indicators. Symbols of safety remind employees of corporate safety goals and objectives (e.g., posted safety goals and integrating safety into corporate mission and vision). Rites and ceremonies provide opportunities for social recognition and feedback and demonstrate safety is a corporate value. Feedback opportunities, rewards, and social recognition all provide content for corporate legends, those stories embellished over time, that punctuate the overall system of organizational norms, and provide examples of the organizational safety culture in action. PMID:15635933

  6. Behavioral economics

    OpenAIRE

    Berg, Nathan

    1984-01-01

    Economics, like behavioral psychology, is a science of behavior, albeit highly organized human behavior. The value of economic concepts for behavioral psychology rests on (1) their empirical validity when tested in the laboratory with individual subjects and (2) their uniqueness when compared to established behavioral concepts. Several fundamental concepts are introduced and illustrated by reference to experimental data: open and closed economies, elastic and inelastic demand, and substitutio...

  7. Verbal behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Michael, Jack

    1984-01-01

    The recent history and current status of the area of verbal behavior are considered in terms of three major thematic lines: the operant conditioning of adult verbal behavior, learning to be an effective speaker and listener, and developments directly related to Skinner's Verbal Behavior. Other topics not directly related to the main themes are also considered: the work of Kurt Salzinger, ape-language research, and human operant research related to rule-governed behavior.

  8. Behavioral toxicology.

    OpenAIRE

    Needleman, H L

    1995-01-01

    The new fields of behavioral toxicology and behavioral teratology investigate the outcome of specific toxic exposures in humans and animals on learning, memory, and behavioral characteristics. Three important classes of behavioral neurotoxicants are metals, solvents, and pesticides. The clearest data on the deleterious effects of prenatal exposure to toxicants comes from the study of two metals, lead and mercury, and from epidemiological investigations of the effects of alcohol taken during p...

  9. Behaviorally Speaking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Elias H.; Dutton, Darell W. J.

    1987-01-01

    Consists of two articles focusing on (1) a modern behavioral model that takes cues from Hippocrates' Four Temperaments and (2) use of a behavioral approach to improve the effectiveness of meetings. Lists positive and negative behaviors within the meeting context. (CH)

  10. Classroom Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Carmit

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates the determinants and malleability of noncognitive skills. Using data on boys from the National Education Longitudinal Survey, I focus on youth behavior in the classroom as a measure of noncognitive skills. I find that student behavior during adolescence is persistent. The variation in behavior can be attributed to…

  11. Making Behavioral Activation More Behavioral

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanter, Jonathan W.; Manos, Rachel C.; Busch, Andrew M.; Rusch, Laura C.

    2008-01-01

    Behavioral Activation, an efficacious treatment for depression, presents a behavioral theory of depression--emphasizing the need for clients to contact positive reinforcement--and a set of therapeutic techniques--emphasizing provision of instructions rather than therapeutic provision of reinforcement. An integration of Behavioral Activation with…

  12. Ceremony for Establishing SFU-NOAA Joint Center for Ocean Remote Sensing and Living Marine Resources Management Held in Shanghai%第一届海洋遥感及生态系统为基础的海洋生物资源管理国际学术研讨会在上海举行

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚鲁烽

    2007-01-01

    @@ A ceremony for establishing SFU-NOAA Joint Center for Ocean Remote Sensing and Living Marine Resources Management was held in Shanghai Fisheries University on December 6, 2006. The Center, supported by High Level Featured Project of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, will provide a platform for exchanges of scientific information between scientists of different countries and multidisciplines and for global collaborations in research areas related to fish stock assessment and management.

  13. 黔西北彝族献“吉禄”仪式的文化解析%A Cultural Analysis to Offering Jilu Ceremony of Yi People in Northwestern Guizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆刚; 熊蕊

    2015-01-01

    献“吉禄”是贵州西北部彝族的一种祈福仪式。彝族人崇拜自然,相信万物有灵,认为有超自然力量存在,并主宰着世间一切“。吉禄”被认为是保佑某一家人财运的神灵,彝族人通过对“吉禄”的献祭,祈求神灵保佑六畜兴旺、五谷丰登“。吉禄”由各家各户在家里供奉和献祭,对彝族人的日常生活和思想观念,都有着重大的影响。%Offering Jilu is one of the northwest of Guizhou Yi blessing ceremony. Yi people worship na⁃ture, believe that all things have spirit, think the existence of supernatural power, and dominated the world. Ji⁃lu is thought to be gods bless a family fortune, the Yi people through the sacrifice of the Jilu, pray the gods bless animals thrive, good harvest. Jilu by families in the home to worship and sacrifice, the Yi people's daily life and ideology, has a significant impact.

  14. 对加拿大印第安民族汗屋仪式的现代思考%Rethinking the Indian Sweat Lodge Ceremony in Canada from a Contemporary Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏莉

    2011-01-01

    汗屋仪式,作为一种特殊的桑拿净化仪式,成为印第安民族身份认同,传承印第安民族文化,医治民族创伤,凝聚民族力量的重大文化盛事。本文从汗屋仪式起源和传统要素以及汗屋仪式的过程和祭品的象征意义等多个侧面探讨汗屋仪式与印第安民族生活的密切关系,论述了汗屋仪式在现代印第安民族的复兴中所应起到的重大引领作用。%The sweat lodge, as the special purifying sauna ceremony, has been a vital cultural event to emphasize Indian identity, inherit Indian culture, cure ethnic wounds, and gather the ethnic strength. The paper, from various perspectives such as sweat lodge or

  15. Simple Analysis on the Influence and Transformation of Pre-Qin Days Ceremony System on Music Education%先秦礼乐制度对音乐教育的影响与转型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨婷

    2011-01-01

    先秦礼乐制度对先秦的音乐文化产生了深刻影响,其中对音乐教育的转型影响尤为明显.在此影响下,音乐教育在教学内容、教授方式、教育思想等方面均发生了较大变化,体现了新旧交替、保守与进步纠缠的转型特点.%The pre-Qin days Ceremony System had a profound effect on the pre-Qin music culture, of which the impact on the transformation of music education is especially evident. Under the influence, great changes have occurred on music education, on particular in the aspects of the teaching content, methodology, and educational thought all of which reflect the entanglement of the features of transformation from the old to the new, the conservative to the progressive.

  16. Religious participation and substance use behaviors in a Canadian sample of homeless people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torchalla, Iris; Li, Kathy; Strehlau, Verena; Linden, Isabelle Aube; Krausz, Michael

    2014-10-01

    This study examined religious behaviors in 380 homeless individuals. We hypothesized that higher frequency of religious attendance is associated with lower rates of use of all substances, lower rates of drug and alcohol dependence, and lower psychological distress. Individuals attending religious ceremonies at least weekly ("frequent attendees") were compared to infrequent attendees. Participants also provided qualitative information about their faith. In univariate analyses, frequent attendees had significantly lower rates of alcohol, cocaine, and opioid use than infrequent attendees. They also had lower rates of alcohol and drug dependence, lifetime suicide attempts, and psychological distress, but these differences were not significant. In multivariate analyses, religious attendance remained significantly associated with alcohol use and opioid use. Researchers need to examine how spiritual and religious practices can be effectively incorporated as a part of substance abuse treatment.

  17. Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Staats, Arthur W.

    1994-01-01

    Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in cha...

  18. Aggressive behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Didden, H.C.M.; Lindsay, W.R.; Lang, R.; Sigafoos, J.; Deb, S.; Wiersma, J.; Peters-Scheffer, N.C.; Marschik, P.B.; O’Reilly, M.F.; Lancioni, G.E.

    2016-01-01

    Aggressive behavior is common in individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs), and it is most often targeted for intervention. Psychological, contextual, and biological risk factors may contribute to the risk of aggressive behavior. Risk factors are gender (males), level of ID

  19. Rethinking on Lip-synching Scandal in Beijing Olympic Games Opening Ceremony%北京奥运会开幕式“假唱门”事件的回顾与反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄璐; 吴新宇

    2015-01-01

    以北京奥运会开幕式“假唱门”事件为案例,从法哲学的视角切入论述,着力于该事件法哲学阐释的一般性和特殊性,即在整个运行体系中体现了整体运行理念,在外部形象方面获得整体与局部的精神统一,当拥有这种外在的,且为体现开幕式演出真实性的权利要求时,事件的内在属性本身存在演出权利的分属性,由此形成了外在整体形象与内在属性本身的价值冲突。透过该事件的法哲学意义层面的思考,一方面认为中国离法治社会和现代公民社会的建立还有很长的路要走,也亟待相关政策法规和行业秩序的完善与发展。另一方面认为事件本身引起全社会广泛积极的参与互动反思,为推进中国法治社会与公民社会的未来发展打下了基础。最后,对“假唱门”事件与民众认知衔接过程中媒体的作用进行了论述,分析了该事件的国际媒体政治表现。%By studying relevant literatures and taking the "lip‐synching" incident happened on the opening ceremony of Beijing Olympic Games as a case ,the incident in details from the perspective of legal philoso‐phy was analyzed ,focusing on the general and special natures of the legal philosophy interpretation .The general and special natures are that the entire operation system reflects the overall operation concept and that the whole and partial spirit unity was achieved in terms of external image .When there are external claims of right to reflect the authenticity of the opening ceremony ,the intrinsic properties of the event it‐self has sub‐property of performance right ,thus forming the conflict between the external whole image and the intrinsic properties .Thinking about the significances of the event at legal philosophy level ,this pa‐per thought that ,on the one hand ,China still has a long way to go to establish legal and modern civil soci‐ety which needs to improve and

  20. “礼不下庶人,刑不上大夫”简论%The commentary of "Ceremony less than common people,punishment is not to the doctor"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王唯

    2011-01-01

    The disputes on "The ceremony less than common people,punishment is not to the doctor." are mainly because of the "li","punishment","common people","doctor" and different understanding of the concept.This paper argues that "li" since,as the code of conduct to the requirements of natural nobility;down to the common people have Miller Shurei.The so-called "gift less than common people",only those held within the nobility,the nobility used to consolidate the organization's ritual does not allow common people to participate in it."Punishment is not to the doctor," refers only to castration is less than in the doctor.%对于"礼不下庶人,刑不上大夫"的争议主要是因为"礼"、"刑"、"庶人"、"大夫"等概念理解的差异。本文认为,"礼"既然作为行为准则,自然要求上至贵族,下至庶人都要学礼守礼。所谓"礼不下庶人",只是那些在贵族内部举行、用来巩固贵族组织的"礼"不允许庶人参加而已。"刑不上大夫"仅指宫刑不及于大夫。

  1. La ceremonia de jura en la Nueva España: proclamaciones fernandinas en 1747 y 1808 The Oath ceremony in New Spain: proclamations to Ferdinand in 1747 and 1808

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Mínguez

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Las ciudades de La Nueva España proclamaron a cada monarca hispano que ascendía al trono en sus respectivas plazas mayores. Este ritual de origen castellano servía para manifestar de manera pública la lealtad al nuevo rey, ausente físicamente pero materializado en el virreinato simbólicamente a través del arte. Imágenes, sonidos y palabras se combinaron con habilidad en cada ocasión dando lugar a un eficaz espectáculo propagandístico. En 1747 tienen lugar las ceremonias de jura por Fernando VI, y en 1808 las de Fernando VII. Comparar ambas celebraciones resulta especialmente interesante, pues la primera coincide con el apogeo de la colonia, mientras que la segunda transcurre en la grave coyuntura política de 1808. Este análisis permite establecer conclusiones sobre la pervivencia mexicana de este modelo celebraticio y sobre la transformación de los sentimientos monárquicos entre los súbditos novohispanos.All the Spanish Monarchs, which were ascended to the throne, were proclaimed in the Main Square of the New Spain's cities. This ritual, of Castilian origin, was made to demonstrate, in a public way, the loyalty to the new king, physically absent in the viceroyalty, but symbolically present thanks to the Art. Images, sounds and words were cleverly combined in each occasion making possible an effective propagandistic spectacle. In 1747 take place the oath by Fernando VI ceremonies, and in 1808 Ferndinand VII's. To compare both celebrations is quite interesting, because the first one coincides with the apogee of the colony, while seconds is celebrated in a serious political conjuncture of 1808. This analysis allows us to justify conclusions about the Mexican evolution of this celebration pattern and about the New Spain' subjects feelings about Monarchy.

  2. On the Folk Sports of Sacrificial Ceremony of Rural Temple in North Fujian---Taking Bench Dragon Dance as an Example%闽北村庙祭祀仪式中的民俗体育---以舞板凳龙为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙荣艾

    2015-01-01

    This article analyzes the contemporary remains, cultural characteristics, cultural changes and modern inheritance of bench dragon dance in sacrificial ceremony of rural temple in Northern Fujian by using field investigation, literature date and so on. The result shows that the rural temple culture could provide an important carrier for bench dragon in Northern Fujian. Bench dragon dance in sacrifi-cial ceremony of rural temple in Northern Fujian has five characteristics:religiousness, amalgamation, regionality, entertainment and group character. The basic sustainable development strategy of bench dragon dance in sacrificial ceremony of rural temple in Northern Fujian in-cludes:cling to the parent folk activities, building of cultural-ecological villages, government support and so on.%采用田野调查﹑文献资料等研究方法,对闽北村庙祭祀仪式中的舞板凳龙习俗在当代遗存﹑文化特点﹑文化变迁和现代传承进行研究。研究结果表明:村庙文化是闽北板凳龙得以活态传承的重要载体;闽北村庙祭祀仪式中的板凳龙习俗具有宗教性﹑融合性﹑区域性﹑娱乐性和群体性等文化特点。依附民俗母体﹑文化生态村建设和政府支持等是闽北板凳龙可持续发展的主要策略。

  3. Behaviorally inadequate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kasperbauer, Tyler Joshua

    2014-01-01

    is to reject or at least minimize the requirement that environmental ethics must provide protection and assistance to the environment. Virtue theory is often favored by environmentalists precisely because it does matter what one's reasons are for acting, even if one's actions are ineffective at producing......, but situationist critiques suggest that character traits, and environmental virtues, are not as behaviorally robust as is typically supposed. Their views present a dilemma. Because ethicists cannot rely on virtues to produce pro-environmental behaviors, the only real way of salvaging environmental virtue theory...... positive results. However, because endorsing behaviorally ineffective virtues, for whatever reason, entails that environmental ethicists are abandoning the goal of helping and protecting the environment, environmental ethicists should consider looking elsewhere than virtues and focus instead on the role...

  4. Traffic Organization Methods and Effects of Large-Scale Events Holding on Special Space: Case of 16th Asian Games Opening Ceremony%特殊场地举办大型活动的交通组织方法及效果——第16届亚运会开幕式为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓兴栋; 甘勇华; 李健行; 林圣康

    2012-01-01

    Distinct from traditional gymnasium-inside patterns, the 16th Asian Games opening ceremony was held on the Pearl River Haixinsha island which is water surrounded, and strong opened central business district. Before the start of the opening ceremony, the parade function was conducted on the Pearl River, whose route cross through the whole central district. Because of the special venues and patterns which have not been used in the history of the Olympic and Asian Games, the traffic organization for this opening ceremony faced a real great challenge. Therefore, the organization mechanisms of flexible planning, hierarchical management, static and dynamic binding, time and space separation were applied and other useful methods of large-scale events are taken. The program design of traffic control, parking layout, public transportation organization, and the traffic flow line of approach-leave gymnasium were well developed and implemented, which successfully solved the traffic organization problem for large-scale events opening ceremony holding in CBD open space. Meanwhile, it provided valuable experiences for the traffic organization of large-scale events in the future.%第16届亚运会开幕式打破了在体育馆内举行的传统模式,在城市中央商务区(CBD)、四面环水、开放性强的珠江海心沙岛上举行.开幕仪式前还举行珠江巡游活动,路线穿越了城市中心区,场地和活动形式非常特殊,在奥运和亚运史上尚无先例,给开幕式交通组织带来巨大挑战.亚运会开幕式采用了“弹性规划、分层管理、动静结合、时空分离”等大型活动交通组织机理和方法,制定和实施了交通管控,停车布局,公共交通组织,进散场交通流线设计等方案.实施效果良好,成功解决了CBD开放式场地举办大型赛事开幕式的交通组织难题,为今后举办大型活动的交通组织提供了宝贵经验.

  5. 从村落到社区的构建:壮族丧葬仪式参与者变迁解读——以南岭走廊中段广西钟山县清塘镇壮族为例%From the Village to the Community:the Unscramble about a Funeral Ceremony Participant of Zhuang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦浩明

    2012-01-01

    现有丧葬仪式的研究侧重于过程的描述和分析,缺乏对参与者的深入考察,尤其是对传统村落丧葬仪式转移到乡镇社区办理的参与者问题的探讨,更是难得一见。南岭走廊中段聚族而居的传统少数民族乡村,其丧葬仪式的参与者,主要是血缘群体,重在构建以血缘关系为纽带的家族凝聚力;当这一仪式由村落转移到乡镇社区办理时,其参与者不再是单一的血缘群体,而是牵涉到家族、宗族、社区三个主要集群,带有明显的家族、宗族与社区结合的特征。既有构建血缘群体凝聚力的成份,又增添了地缘群体凝聚力构建的内容。%The existing research about funeral ceremony focuses on the process description and analysis,lack of participants in-depth investigation,especially the discussion of the participants from traditional village funeral ceremony to the rural community is rare.In the traditional ethnic minority villages Nanling Corridor middle poly-clan,the funeral ceremony of the participants are mainly blood groups,they focus on building a link between the blood family cohesion;when the ceremony moved to town from the rural village,the participants are no longer a single blood group,but it involves the family,clan,community,with a clear family,clan and community integration features.So it constructs blood group cohesion components,but also adds a geographic group cohesion content.

  6. Incense Offering as Pilgrimage---A Case Study on Incense Offering Ceremony to Mazu%作为朝圣行为的进香活动--以台湾地区妈祖进香仪式为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋嘉健

    2015-01-01

    妈祖进香是妈祖信仰行为的重要内容。近年来,随着妈祖影响力的不断增强,各类妈祖进香活动日渐频繁,妈祖进香活动成了妈祖信俗延续且不断扩展的一个重要表现。以维克托·特纳的“朝圣”概念为视角,理解妈祖进香仪式过程中的“朝圣”内涵,并就进香行为本身对妈祖信众的心灵冲击与现实生活的影响加以分析。在妈祖进香过程中,信众通过大范围、长时段内的进香行为不断重申着民间信仰主动适应当代社会的积极性,而进香过程中的能动者———信众,也在“朝圣”过程中进行了生命体验的更新,反观自我,增进群体生活认知与相互认同。%Mazu pilgrimage is one of the most important activities of Mazu belief.In recent years, with the growing influence of Mazu, all kinds of incense offering activities to Mazu are becoming more and more frequent, which embodies the continuity of Mazu belief.This trend shows that folk belief is developing with vigorous vitality in contemporary society.From the perspective of Victor Turner's“pilgrimage” concept, the paper discusses the connotation of the process of incense offering to Mazu, and analy-zes its impact on Mazu believers’ mentality and their life.Besides, this paper argues that the longtime and large-scale ceremo-ny of incense offering to Mazu reaffirms that the folk belief has been actively adapting itself to the contemporary society, and offers an opportunity for the believers not only to renew their life experiences and self-awareness, but also to increase the mutual rec-ognition and identity of each other in the process of pilgrimage.

  7. Behavior Modification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boardman, Randolph M.

    2010-01-01

    In a perfect world, students would never talk back to school staff and never argue or fight with each other. They would complete all their assigned tasks, and disciplinary actions never would be needed. Unfortunately, people don't live in a perfect world. Student behavior is a daily concern. Teachers continue to refer students to the office as a…

  8. Discounting Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Steffen; Harrison, Glenn W.; Lau, Morten;

    2014-01-01

    We re-evaluate the theory, experimental design and econometrics behind claims that individuals exhibit non-constant discounting behavior. Theory points to the importance of controlling for the non-linearity of the utility function of individuals, since the discount rate is defined over time-dated...

  9. Beyond Ceremony: On Being a Chancellor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Universities UK, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The oldest and most senior post in a university has come back into the limelight recently, as a string of well-known and distinguished figures have become Chancellors. Even those with the most glittering careers have been honoured to take on such a prestigious role. But, like many ancient offices, there is no job description beyond presiding at…

  10. CONSUMER BEHAVIOR

    OpenAIRE

    Ilie BUDICA; Silvia PUIU; Bogdan Andrei BUDICA

    2010-01-01

    The study of consumers helps firms and organizations improve their marketing strategies by understanding issues such as: the psychology of how consumers think, feel, reason, and select between different alternatives; the psychology of how the consumer is influenced by his or her environment; the behavior of consumers while shopping or making other marketing decisions; limitations in consumer knowledge or information processing abilities influence decisions and marke...

  11. Behavioral Economics

    OpenAIRE

    Sendhil Mullainathan; Thaler, Richard H.

    2000-01-01

    Behavioral Economics is the combination of psychology and economics that investigates what happens in markets in which some of the agents display human limitations and complications. We begin with a preliminary question about relevance. Does some combination of market forces, learning and evolution render these human qualities irrelevant? No. Because of limits of arbitrage less than perfect agents survive and influence market outcomes. We then discuss three important ways in which humans devi...

  12. OPEC behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Bo

    This thesis aims to contribute to a further understanding of the real dynamics of OPEC production behavior and its impacts on the world oil market. A literature review in this area shows that the existing studies on OPEC still have some major deficiencies in theoretical interpretation and empirical estimation technique. After a brief background review in chapter 1, chapter 2 tests Griffin's market-sharing cartel model on the post-Griffin time horizon with a simultaneous system of equations, and an innovative hypothesis of OPEC's behavior (Saudi Arabia in particular) is then proposed based on the estimation results. Chapter 3 first provides a conceptual analysis of OPEC behavior under the framework of non-cooperative collusion with imperfect information. An empirical model is then constructed and estimated. The results of the empirical studies in this thesis strongly support the hypothesis that OPEC has operated as a market-sharing cartel since the early 1980s. In addition, the results also provide some support of the theory of non-cooperative collusion under imperfect information. OPEC members collude under normal circumstances and behave competitively at times in response to imperfect market signals of cartel compliance and some internal attributes. Periodic joint competition conduct plays an important role in sustaining the collusion in the long run. Saudi Arabia acts as the leader of the cartel, accommodating intermediate unfavorable market development and punishing others with a tit-for-tat strategy in extreme circumstances.

  13. 婚礼仪式与物品所呈现的地方性知识--以印度尼西亚爪哇族婚礼为例%The presented local knowledge of the wedding ceremony and articles--Take indonesian Javanese family wedding as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖莉娴

    2012-01-01

      Indonesia Java family's wedding ceremony process complicated, before the wedding, the wedding and after the wedding different concrete manifestation of their ceremony, the use of the items also have a local folk characteristics, symbolism and connotations unique, representing the Indonesian Javanese ethnic culture of religious, natural and women leading characteristics of this faith the Arab countries of the Islamic culture very different.%  印度尼西亚爪哇族的婚礼仪式过程繁复多样,在婚礼前、婚礼时与婚礼后不同的具体体现,其仪式所用的物品也具有地方民俗特色,象征意义和内涵别具一格,代表着印度尼西亚爪哇族文化的宗教性、自然性和以女性为主导的特点,这与信仰的伊斯兰文化的阿拉伯国大不相同。

  14. CONSUMER BEHAVIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilie BUDICA

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The study of consumers helps firms and organizations improve their marketing strategies by understanding issues such as: the psychology of how consumers think, feel, reason, and select between different alternatives; the psychology of how the consumer is influenced by his or her environment; the behavior of consumers while shopping or making other marketing decisions; limitations in consumer knowledge or information processing abilities influence decisions and marketing outcome; how consumer motivation and decision strategies differ between products that differ in their level of importance or interest that they entail for the consumer; and how marketers can adapt and improve their marketing campaigns and marketing strategies to more effectively reach the consumer.

  15. Logical Behaviorism

    OpenAIRE

    Malcolm, Norman; Altuner, Ilyas

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals exclusively with the doctrine called ‘Logical Behaviorism’. Although this position does not vogue it enjoyed in the 1930s and 1940s, it will always possess a compelling attraction for anyone who is perplexed by the psychological concepts, who has become aware of worthlessness of an appeal to introspection as an account of how we learn those concepts, and he has no inclination to identify mind with brain. There, of course, are other forms of behaviorism, and of reductionism, wh...

  16. Textual Research on the 5 th National Games Closing Ceremony of the Republic of China%对民国第五届全运会闭幕式的考证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王翠芳; 史国生; 祝玮东

    2015-01-01

    Through the literature material,on-the-spot investigation,interviews and other methods,access to the large amount of the Republic of the fifth session of National Games and closing of history data,and combined with the social background at that time,background of the Republic of China the fifth session of National Games,closing type organi-zation of the preparatory organization,appropriate awards,closing agenda,guards,in personnel,award activities and prizes,dignitaries precepts or speak,northeast players“bid farewell to the book”,personnel departure have carried on the research. It is believed that the sports meet the needs of the society,the basic purpose of the host,the spirit of the national government to do the game is definitely worth to be sure,the ideal of“popular sports”is positive,the ceremony is mainly on mental reward,the venue has a historical heritage value and use value. For sporting events to understand and study the period of the Republic of China and the Republic of the Fifth National Games closing type situation pro-vides a fresh known true data,also bring beneficial enlightenment to the sports work now.%通过文献资料、实地考察、访谈等方法,查阅了大量有关民国第五届全运会及闭幕式的历史资料,并结合当时的社会背景,对民国第五届全运会的相关背景,闭幕式的组织筹备组织机构、颁奖事宜、闭幕式议程、警卫、参加人员、给奖活动与奖品情况、政要训词或发言、东北选手的《告别书》、人员离会情况等内容进行了考证。认为运动会的举办适应了社会的需要,基本达到了举办的目的;国民政府积极办赛的精神值得肯定;“体育大众化”的理念有积极意义;大会以精神奖励为主;中央体育场的历史价值值得肯定。为了解和研究民国时期的体育赛事和民国第五届全运会闭幕式概况等提供了一份鲜为人知的真实资料,也为现在体育赛事工作带来有益的启示。

  17. Behavior subtraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jodoin, Pierre-Marc; Saligrama, Venkatesh; Konrad, Janusz

    2012-09-01

    Background subtraction has been a driving engine for many computer vision and video analytics tasks. Although its many variants exist, they all share the underlying assumption that photometric scene properties are either static or exhibit temporal stationarity. While this works in many applications, the model fails when one is interested in discovering changes in scene dynamics instead of changes in scene's photometric properties; the detection of unusual pedestrian or motor traffic patterns are but two examples. We propose a new model and computational framework that assume the dynamics of a scene, not its photometry, to be stationary, i.e., a dynamic background serves as the reference for the dynamics of an observed scene. Central to our approach is the concept of an event, which we define as short-term scene dynamics captured over a time window at a specific spatial location in the camera field of view. Unlike in our earlier work, we compute events by time-aggregating vector object descriptors that can combine multiple features, such as object size, direction of movement, speed, etc. We characterize events probabilistically, but use low-memory, low-complexity surrogates in a practical implementation. Using these surrogates amounts to behavior subtraction, a new algorithm for effective and efficient temporal anomaly detection and localization. Behavior subtraction is resilient to spurious background motion, such as due to camera jitter, and is content-blind, i.e., it works equally well on humans, cars, animals, and other objects in both uncluttered and highly cluttered scenes. Clearly, treating video as a collection of events rather than colored pixels opens new possibilities for video analytics.

  18. Some verbal behavior about verbal behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Salzinger, Kurt

    2003-01-01

    Beginning with behavior analysts' tendency to characterize verbal behavior as “mere” verbal behavior, the author reviews his own attempt to employ it to influence both his staff and policies of our government. He then describes its role in psychopathology, its effect on speakers in healing themselves and on engendering creativity. The paper ends by calling to our attention the role of verbal behavior in the construction of behavior analysis.

  19. Positive Behavior Support and Applied Behavior Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, J. M.; Foxx, R. M.; Jacobson, J. W.; Green, G.; Mulick, J. A.

    2006-01-01

    This article reviews the origins and characteristics of the positive behavior support (PBS) movement and examines those features in the context of the field of applied behavior analysis (ABA). We raise a number of concerns about PBS as an approach to delivery of behavioral services and its impact on how ABA is viewed by those in human services. We…

  20. The Psyche as Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARTURO CLAVIJO A.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Behaviorism has argued that behavior is the Psyche and the subject matter of psychology. Although, some scientists had done empirical work with objective methods before 1913, the year in which John B. Watson published his manifesto, he was the first one to attempt a systematization of behavior as the Psyche, that is, as psychology’s subject matter. In this text, I outline Watson’s notion of behavior to compare it with two other forms of behaviorism: Skinner’s radical behaviorism and molar behaviorism. The purpose of the paper is to illustrate how the concept of behavior has been and is changing.

  1. 亚运会开幕式对广州居民文化认同的影响研究--基于仪式理论的分析%Impact of 2010 Asia Games Opening Ceremony on Cultural Identity of Residents in Guangzhou:Perspective on Events and Ritual Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗秋菊; 林潼

    2014-01-01

    广州亚运会开幕式既是体育事件的仪式部分,也是一个独立的文化事件。基于事件与仪式理论视角,阐述亚运会开幕式的文化呈现及文化象征符号意义,透过举办地本地居民对具有本地文化表征事件的态度,分析亚运会开幕式事件与举办地文化的关系,探讨在事件背景下文化认同的呈现及可能的变化趋势。透过对作为阈限的事件、事件的文化表演、事件的文化时代连结、事件对地方意识的激发等关系的阐释,呈现亚运会开幕式的文化认同。研究发现:①广州亚运会开幕式事件唤起的情绪是文化本体认同的体现,事件亦提供认识文化体系中文化符号及其意义的一个途径,同时广州亚运会开幕式事件推进了文化的整合;②广州亚运会开幕式事件影响文化认同的过程需要相关群体的积极参与,只有将暂时的情绪转化成人们对于文化的主动性思考、认知与认同,事件的刺激作用才能得以延续并最终作用于文化认同。此外,事件对文化认同的影响需要在时间延伸上进行讨论和完善,事件后文化的发展状态也需要被关注。%While the issue of cultural identity is highlighted under the circumstance of globalization and modernization, there is still lacking particular research on sports events’impacts on cultural identity. Thus more attention should be paid to the socio-cultural impacts in order to utilize more fully of the positive im-pacts of sports events. 2010 Asia Games opening ceremony in Guangzhou is not only part of the sports event, but also an independent cultural event. The article, through participant observation and interview, described the Lingnan Culture in Guangzhou Asian Games opening ceremony and interpreted the cultural symbols in it. The relationship between the ceremony and the culture of the host city was discussed by ana-lyzing the attitude of local residents to the

  2. 文化传承:德昂民歌与婚恋仪式——以云南保山市潞江坝德昂族为例%Cultural Heritage: De'ang Folk Songs and the Marriage Ceremony --.Taking Lujiangba De'ang People in Baoshan City of Yunnan Province for example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏国彬

    2012-01-01

    德昂族人的婚恋仪式是德昂民歌生存与发展的文化生态。德昂民歌是走向爱河的德昂青年男女的最佳试探手段。德昂族人的串姑娘习俗及其串姑娘调就是民歌主导恋爱环节的鲜明体现。德昂族的婚礼是在音乐歌舞中进行的,具有民族特色。从民歌的角度来说,德昂族人的婚礼也是一个民族文化的传承场,更是民歌得以永续发展的文化传承机制。从德昂族的婚恋仪式来看,民歌的文化传承主要有三个方面:压力机制、示范机制与融入机制。%De'ang people's marriage ceremony is the cultural ecology of the survival and development of De'ang folk songs. De'ang folk song is the best test means of De'ang young men and women entry into love. The customs and tune that the young men look for the girls as the lovers are the distinctive manifesta- tion that folk songs dominate aspects of love. The De'ang wedding is taken in the music and dance with national characteristics. The De'ang wedding is a heritage field of the national culture from the perspective of folk songs and more the cultural inheritance mechanism that folk songs can develop sustainably. The cul- tural heritage of folk songs mainly reflects in three aspects: stress mechanisms, demonstration mechanism, and integration mechanism from De'ang marriage ceremony.

  3. Computational Analysis of Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egnor, S E Roian; Branson, Kristin

    2016-07-01

    In this review, we discuss the emerging field of computational behavioral analysis-the use of modern methods from computer science and engineering to quantitatively measure animal behavior. We discuss aspects of experiment design important to both obtaining biologically relevant behavioral data and enabling the use of machine vision and learning techniques for automation. These two goals are often in conflict. Restraining or restricting the environment of the animal can simplify automatic behavior quantification, but it can also degrade the quality or alter important aspects of behavior. To enable biologists to design experiments to obtain better behavioral measurements, and computer scientists to pinpoint fruitful directions for algorithm improvement, we review known effects of artificial manipulation of the animal on behavior. We also review machine vision and learning techniques for tracking, feature extraction, automated behavior classification, and automated behavior discovery, the assumptions they make, and the types of data they work best with.

  4. Computational Analysis of Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egnor, S E Roian; Branson, Kristin

    2016-07-01

    In this review, we discuss the emerging field of computational behavioral analysis-the use of modern methods from computer science and engineering to quantitatively measure animal behavior. We discuss aspects of experiment design important to both obtaining biologically relevant behavioral data and enabling the use of machine vision and learning techniques for automation. These two goals are often in conflict. Restraining or restricting the environment of the animal can simplify automatic behavior quantification, but it can also degrade the quality or alter important aspects of behavior. To enable biologists to design experiments to obtain better behavioral measurements, and computer scientists to pinpoint fruitful directions for algorithm improvement, we review known effects of artificial manipulation of the animal on behavior. We also review machine vision and learning techniques for tracking, feature extraction, automated behavior classification, and automated behavior discovery, the assumptions they make, and the types of data they work best with. PMID:27090952

  5. Modeling of Agent Behavior Using Behavioral Specifications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sharpanskykh, A.; Treur, J.

    2006-01-01

    The behavioral dynamics of a cognitive agent can be considered both from an external and an internal perspective. From the external perspective, behavior is described by specifying (temporal) correlations between input and output states of the agent. From the internal perspective the agent’s dynamic

  6. Behavior Management: Examining the Functions of Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alstot, Andrew E.; Alstot, Crystal D.

    2015-01-01

    Appropriate student behavior is essential for the success of a physical education lesson. Despite using effective proactive management strategies, teachers may need to also use reactive techniques to reduce problem behaviors by applying suitable consequences. For these consequences to be effective, they must be aligned with the function, or cause,…

  7. Toddlers and Sexual Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Pediatrics Common Questions, Quick Answers Toddlers and Sexual Behavior Donna D'Alessandro, M.D. Lindsay Huth, B. ... problem or sexual abuse. What kind of sexual behaviors are okay? Masturbation in toddlers is usually nothing ...

  8. Child Behavior Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... misbehave some times. And some may have temporary behavior problems due to stress. For example, the birth ... family may cause a child to act out. Behavior disorders are more serious. They involve a pattern ...

  9. Study on Competitiveness of Shandong Province Live Performance Project:A Worship Ceremony of Mount Tai Perspective%山东省实景演出项目竞争力提升研究--以《中华泰山•封禅大典》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海燕

    2015-01-01

    With the prosperity of the domestic market of the performing arts, the live performance in the market of Shandong province has a good development trend. This paper proposes to enhance the competitive strategy in Shandong Province live performance, from Inherent strengths, weaknesses and external opportunities and threats of Worship Ceremony of Mount Tai.%伴随着国内演艺市场的繁荣,山东省实景演艺市场也出现了较好的发展趋势。通过系统地分析实景演出项目《中华泰山•封禅大典》的内在优势、劣势和外在机遇与挑战,提出提升山东省实景演出项目市场竞争力的三类策略:优化创新主体、拓宽演出形式、创新运营机制。

  10. On the Regrets of Supplemental Shooting of the Soviet Five-color Movies from the Perspective of the Truth and Falsehood of the Images in The Ceremony of PLA Entering Beiping%从《北平入城式》影像真伪谈苏联五彩片补拍之憾

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎煜

    2011-01-01

    本文从考证纪录片《北平入城式》真伪着手,主要借助口述历史访谈方式,探究苏联在1949年来华拍摄纪录片《中国人民的胜利》和《解放了的中国》时,在多大程度、多大规模上采用事后补拍、搬演的方式,并揭示其对中国电影所造成的负面影响。%Starting with the textual research into the truth and falsehood in the documentary film The Ceremony of PLA Entering Beiping, this paper, with the help of oral account of history and interviewing, investigates thoroughly to what extent and on what scale the Soviet Union adopted the methods like supplemental shooting and performing when they came to China in 1949 to shoot the documentary films The Chinese People's Victory and Liberated China, and brings to light the negative influences they have on Chinese films.

  11. What determines our behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Marko Radovan

    2001-01-01

    In article Ajzen-Fishbein's attitude-behavior model called 'Theory of reasoned action' and Albert Bandura's Model of reciprocal determinism are presented. Both models are a part of social-cognitive paradigm which characterizes behavior with evaluation of different goals. Ajzen and Fishbein (1973; 1980) proposed that specific behavior are predictable from specific behavioral intentions. These intentions are a function of two components: the attitude toward the act in question a...

  12. Principles of (Behavioral) Economics

    OpenAIRE

    David Laibson; List, John A.

    2015-01-01

    Behavioral economics has become an important and integrated component of modern economics. Behavioral economists embrace the core principles of economics—optimization and equilibrium—and seek to develop and extend those ideas to make them more empirically accurate. Behavioral models assume that economic actors try to pick the best feasible option and those actors sometimes make mistakes. Behavioral ideas should be incorporated throughout the first-year undergraduate course. Instructors should...

  13. Consumer behavior research

    OpenAIRE

    Hašková, Lucie

    2010-01-01

    The major part of this work is a consumer behavior research in process of buying christmas presents. The goal of this work is to describe a consumer behavior of Prague's customers in process of buying christmas presents, also describe a a consumer behavior of different age and social groups, as well as the difference between men and women.

  14. Behavioral Economics and Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reisch, Lucia A.; Sunstein, Cass R.

    2015-01-01

    Behavioral economics explores why people sometimes fail to make rational decisions, and how their behavior departs from the predictions of standard economic models. Insights gained from studies in behavioral economics are used in consumer research and consumer policy to understand and improve...... individuals' decisions about health, wealth, and happiness....

  15. Behavioral Adaptation and Acceptance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martens, M.H.; Jenssen, G.D.

    2012-01-01

    One purpose of Intelligent Vehicles is to improve road safety, throughput, and emissions. However, the predicted effects are not always as large as aimed for. Part of this is due to indirect behavioral changes of drivers, also called behavioral adaptation. Behavioral adaptation (BA) refers to uninte

  16. Predicting Sustainable Work Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hald, Kim Sundtoft

    2013-01-01

    Sustainable work behavior is an important issue for operations managers – it has implications for most outcomes of OM. This research explores the antecedents of sustainable work behavior. It revisits and extends the sociotechnical model developed by Brown et al. (2000) on predicting safe behavior....... Employee characteristics and general attitudes towards safety and work condition are included in the extended model. A survey was handed out to 654 employees in Chinese factories. This research contributes by demonstrating how employee- characteristics and general attitudes towards safety and work...... condition influence their sustainable work behavior. A new definition of sustainable work behavior is proposed....

  17. Behavioral Immunity in Insects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Lefèvre

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Parasites can dramatically reduce the fitness of their hosts, and natural selection should favor defense mechanisms that can protect hosts against disease. Much work has focused on understanding genetic and physiological immunity against parasites, but hosts can also use behaviors to avoid infection, reduce parasite growth or alleviate disease symptoms. It is increasingly recognized that such behaviors are common in insects, providing strong protection against parasites and parasitoids. We review the current evidence for behavioral immunity in insects, present a framework for investigating such behavior, and emphasize that behavioral immunity may act through indirect rather than direct fitness benefits. We also discuss the implications for host-parasite co-evolution, local adaptation, and the evolution of non-behavioral physiological immune systems. Finally, we argue that the study of behavioral immunity in insects has much to offer for investigations in vertebrates, in which this topic has traditionally been studied.

  18. Behaviorism and Society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krapfl, Jon E

    2016-05-01

    A probable list of causes for the limited acceptance of behaviorism in our society is identified. This is followed by a summary review of the proposed solutions identified in other papers in this special issue of The Behavior Analyst, most of which relate to either better marketing of either the behavior analytic process or the results achieved as a consequence. One paper proposes a more broad conception of behavior analysis. This paper endorses the solutions identified in previous papers and then goes on to propose an even more broad conception of behavior analysis and makes the point that behavior analysis is unlikely to flourish unless behavior analysts understand a good deal more about the cultural and other contextual features of the environments in which they work. PMID:27606191

  19. Behavioral Labor Economics

    OpenAIRE

    Berg, Nathan

    2006-01-01

    Behavioral economics has in recent decades emerged as a prominent set of methodological developments that have attracted considerable attention both within and outside the economics profession. The time is therefore auspicious to assess behavioral contributions to particular subfields of economics such as labor economics. With empirical validity among its chief objectives, one might guess that behavioral economics would have made its clearest mark in data-driven subfields such as labor econom...

  20. Contingency and behavior analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Lattal, Kennon A.

    1995-01-01

    The concept of contingency is central to theoretical discussions of learned behavior and in the application of learning research to problems of social significance. This paper reviews three aspects of the contingency concept as it has been developed by behavior analysts. The first is the empirical analysis of contingency through experimental studies of both human and nonhuman behavior. The second is the synthesis of experimental studies in theoretical and conceptual frameworks to yield a more...

  1. Online Shopping Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Shahzad, Hashim

    2015-01-01

    Online shopping is a very much developed phenomena in Scandinavian countries. Different online factors impact online consumers’ behavior differently depending on the environment of different regions. Sweden is one of the developed and technologically advanced countries. To see the impact of different factors on consumers’ online shopping behavior, the purpose of this study is to analyse the factors that influence consumers’ online shopping behavior in Sweden’s context. One of the objectives o...

  2. Behavioral Law and Economics

    OpenAIRE

    Christine Jolls

    2007-01-01

    Behavioral economics has been a growing force in many fields of applied economics, including public economics, labor economics, health economics, and law and economics. This paper describes and assesses the current state of behavioral law and economics. Law and economics had a critical (though underrecognized) early point of contact with behavioral economics through the foundational debate in both fields over the Coase theorem and the endowment effect. In law and economics today, both the end...

  3. Constructing Ritual and Musical Ceremony Based on Human Nature:Studies on Xunzi’s Human Nature%基于人性论的礼乐建构--荀子人性论再研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慧子

    2014-01-01

    荀子从对人性分析入手,展开由个体到群体的制度建构,旨在解决群体生存的幸福与和谐问题。他的“性恶论”可以被重新诠释为人性自爱论。他认为,人都有自爱与自利的本性,这是人自我提升的原动因,也是利益纷争的起因;无限度的自爱、自利会导致社会无序和混乱;人是生活于群体中的关系性存在,群体的安定由正义所决定。基于自爱的人性观,他建立相应的伦理和法律思想以规范、约束无限度扩张的自爱本性所导致的社会失序;而个体有限度的、被压抑的自爱诉求则是通过音乐的调和力量得以保护、净化与提升。%Xunzi’s thought of social order based on his understanding of human nature, and his view of evil human nature can be reinterpreted into human nature of self-love. First of all, human beings do have nature of self-love and self-benefit, which are the reasons why people can promote themselves. Secondly, self-love and self-benefit without limitation and restriction will cause society in disorder, chaos and wars. Thirdly, people are living in relations of society, and the orders and regulation of society are based on justice. Therefore, based on the human nature of self-love, Xunzi tries to build social orders, laws and regulations to restrict people’s behavior and restrain bad things happen caused by the nature of self-benefit without limitation. In xunzi’s thought, the need of depressed human nature of self-benefit can be protected, promoted and cleaned by music education.

  4. Green Consumption Behavior Antecedents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pagiaslis, Anastasios; Krystallis Krontalis, Athanasios

    2014-01-01

    The present study adds to the evolving literature on green consumer behavior by examining through statistically robust methods the effect and interrelationships of the key constructs of environmental concern, consumer environmental knowledge, beliefs about biofuels, and behavioral intention (i...... for the environment has a positive and direct impact on environmental knowledge, beliefs, and behavioral intention. Also, demographics determine levels of concern for the environment and environmental knowledge. All constructs associate positively with one another delineating that the interdependencies between them...... are important when accounting for environmental behavior. Future research should validate present results with the use of cross-cultural samples and investigate whether environmental concern increases due to social desirability response bias....

  5. 非正规就业:女性人力资本积累的一种方式——以广州芳村茶叶市场茶艺表演业为例%Role of the informal employment, a way of human capital accumulation for female labors: A case study of tea ceremony sector in Fangcun Tea Market in Guangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄耿志; 薛德升; 谢妍翰

    2011-01-01

    非正规就业对女性的影响一直是非正规就业研究的重点,其中许多研究认为,从事非正规就业的女性往往难以实现向上发展而强化了自身弱势地位.这类研究忽视了非正规性的多样化性质,过度地强调了非正规就业对女性的负面影响.本研究以广州市芳村茶叶市场茶艺表演业为例,使用观察、问卷调查和深度访谈的方法研究了非正规就业对女性人力资本积累与向上流动的积极作用.研究表明:芳村茶叶市场是一个女性非正规就业集聚区,其中的非正规女性茶艺表演者可利用其就业过程中的非正规培训、正规培训和职业资格认证制度有效地实现人力资本积累,并最终可能进入高级、正规劳动力市场或实现自我创业.有关非正规就业对女性产生的影响需要考虑非正规性本身的多样性,而不宜一概而论.%The impacts of informal employment on female labors have attained much attention in the literature of informal employment studies, among which a widely accepted viewpoint is that female labors engaging in informal employment are hard to or could not realize up-mobility development or formalize their work, with the consequence of ever being placed in a low-level marginal position. Such totally general notion should be negotiated on account of the diversity of informal employment. It is argued that the negative aspect of impacts of the informal employment on female is over emphasized with the lack of consideration of their positiveness. This paper aims to examine the positive role of informal employment in the accumulation of female human capital, and using the case study of a typical female sector, the Tea Ceremony (chayibiaoyan) in Fangcun Tea Market in Guangzhou, with methods of observation, interview and questionnaire survey. It is found that Tea Market concentrates lots of micro-enterprises, in which most of workers are female labors employed informally. Rather than

  6. Les cérémonies d’accueil dans la citoyenneté française et les « citizenship ceremonies » en Grande-Bretagne : quelques éléments de comparaison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Puzzo

    2007-11-01

    analyse de deux des conditions requises que sont la maîtrise de la langue et l’adhésion à des valeurs démocratiques. On examinera enfin le déroulement de ces cérémonies qui tend progressivement vers une harmonisation de leurs différentes étapes.Over the past few years citizenship ceremonies for those acquiring British or French citizenship have been held in both countries. For the candidates these official celebrations mark the end of often lengthy administrative procedures to get naturalised and testify to their commitment to integrate into their new country. Both countries are intent to give a more political and ideological significance to the process of naturalisation. Conditions imposed on candidates, like the language tests and the UK life test are supposed to be for the host countries an unquestionable indication that each new citizen has a minimum knowledge about his/her new country, that he/she understands and respects its democratic values. Beyond the formal and theoretical aspects of these ceremonies, the differences observed reflect the diversity of the two models of integration.

  7. 越南彝族传统丧葬仪式的文化象征意义和社会文化功能%Research the Cultural Symbol and Social Function of Yi People's Traditional Funeral Ceremony Culture in Vietnam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙倮贵

    2014-01-01

    文章以作者实地考察并纵观越南彝族“倮倮人”传统丧葬的续气装殓设灵堂、开丧祭奠、出殡下葬等仪式文化和特点,认为越南彝族传统丧葬仪式不仅反映出祖先崇拜理念为核心的文化象征意义,同时还具有生者情感安慰与精神寄托、生者争荣显贵、重构家族关系、整合村寨资源、稳固姻亲关系与增强族群认同,以及教化后代子孙等的社会文化功能。%In this article through the field survey, the author describes the Vietnam yi people “Luo Luo”renew traditional funeral customs such Die, departures, set up, funerals, festivals,the funeral and burial procedure and feature.The authors believe that Vietnam yi people's traditional funeral ceremony not only reflects the concept of ancestor worship as the core of cultural symbolism, at the same time also has the emotional comfort and spiritual living, the living, for honor dignitaries, refactoring family relations, integrate village resources, strong affinity to enhance ethnic identity, as well as social and cultural functions such as enlightenment descendants.

  8. A Research on Festival Intangible Cultural Heritage Tourism Development——A Case Study of Memorial Ceremony to Ancestor in Huang Di’s Native Place%节庆类非物质文化遗产的旅游价值及开发研究——以黄帝故里拜祖大典为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连建功

    2011-01-01

    Festival intangible cultural heritage has the following characteristics such as not only heredity,comprehensiveness,ethnicity and region,which are general features of intangible cultural heritage,but also participation,experiment and entertainment,which have been favored by tourists,and also determined its higher value in tourism development.Based on the concept defi nition of festival intangible cultural heritage,resources and the analysis of tourism value,this paper has theoretical signifi cance and practical meaning in elaborating tourism development of Memorial Ceremony to Ancestor in Huang Di’s Native Place from clear orientation,activity design,the marketing operation,and marketing etc.%节庆类非物质文化遗产不仅具有传承性、综合性、民族性、区域性等非物质文化遗产的一般特点,还具有参与性、体验性、娱乐性等特点,由此得到旅游者的青睐,同时也决定了其具有较高的旅游开发价值。基于节庆类非物质文化遗产的概念界定、资源禀赋和旅游价值分析,从明确定位、活动设计、市场化运作、宣传营销等方面对黄帝故里拜祖大典的旅游开发进行阐述,具有一定理论意义和现实意义。

  9. Jerarquías para el compromiso: Un análisis comparativo de dos ceremonias en escuelas de la Policía de la Provincia de Buenos Aires Hierarchies for the commitment: A comparative analysis of two ceremonies in schools of the Police of the Province of Buenos Aires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano Melotto

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta los resultados de un análisis comparativo entre los registros de campo de dos ceremonias observadas en escuelas de la Policía de la Provincia de Buenos Aires durante el ciclo lectivo 2008-2009. Siguiendo la propuesta comparativa de Frederik Barth, la construcción de dimensiones de variación pertinentes para los casos propuestos y la correlación de éstas permiten evidenciar dinámicas institucionales ejecutadas para la construcción de los sujetos policiales, tanto como la disputa entre los agentes por imponer determinada subjetividad policial. Se alcanza así a comprender a estas escuelas en su complejidad, como espacios surcados por conflictos y divisiones, sobre el fondo de una matriz común que se esgrime como valor cuando las circunstancias lo demandan.This work presents the results of a comparative analysis between two field records of two ceremonies observed in Schools of the Police of the province of Buenos Aires during the school cycle 2008-2009. Following the comparative offer of Fredrik Barth, the construction of pertinent dimensions of variation for the proposed cases and the correlation of the same ones, they allow to demonstrate institutional dynamics executed for the construction of the police subjects so much as the dispute among the agents for imposing certain police subjectivity. Reached to understand to these schools, in its complexity, as spaces crossed by conflicts and divisions, on the base of a common matrix that is used as value when the circumstances require it.

  10. Rule-governed behavior and behavioral anthropology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malott, R W

    1988-01-01

    According to cultural materialism, cultural practices result from the materialistic outcomes of those practices, not from sociobiological, mentalistic, or mystical predispositions (e.g., Hindus worship cows because, in the long run, that worship results in more food, not less food). However, according to behavior analysis, such materialistic outcomes do not reinforce or punish the cultural practices, because such outcomes are too delayed, too improbable, or individually too small to directly reinforce or punish the cultural practices (e.g., the food increase is too delayed to reinforce the cow worship). Therefore, the molar, materialistic contingencies need the support of molecular, behavioral contingencies. And according to the present theory of rule-governed behavior, the statement of rules describing those molar, materialistic contingencies can establish the needed molecular contingencies. Given the proper behavioral history, such rule statements combine with noncompliance to produce a learned aversive condition (often labeled fear, anxiety, or guilt). The termination of this aversive condition reinforces compliance, just as its presentation punishes noncompliance (e.g., the termination of guilt reinforces the tending to a sick cow). In addition, supernatural rules often supplement these materialistic rules. Furthermore, the production of both materialistic and supernatural rules needs cultural designers who understand the molar, materialistic contingencies. PMID:22478012

  11. Competence Enhancement Behavior Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmer, Thomas W.; Goforth, Jennifer B.; Hives, Jacqueline; Aaron, Annie; Jackson, Frances; Sgammato, Adrienne

    2006-01-01

    Competence Enhancement Behavior Management is presented as a framework for supporting students with challenging behaviors in general education classrooms. This approach emphasizes classroom management and discipline strategies that (a) help to build positive relations with students, (b) communicate to students that they are important, and (c)…

  12. Modeling shopping behavior

    OpenAIRE

    SOUBUSTA, Václav

    2012-01-01

    This work deals with modeling agents in multiagent systems, where it will create a java application in program Greenfoot. This application will serve as a simulation of different shopping behavior of customers when choosing a suitable trade for purchase for them. The behavior will be visualized in the program Greenfoot and properly documented on the javadoc level .

  13. Nascent Leadership Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payette, Dennis L.; Libertella, Anthony F.

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a compendium of leadership behaviors that emerging or aspirant leaders could choose to enhance their management and leadership skills. These behaviors were drawn directly from the experience of the authors, both of whom have held senior leadership and management positions in business, law, and higher education. This paper is an…

  14. Behavior Modification with Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Daniel G.

    1972-01-01

    The author urges wider use of positive reinforcement theories in helping emotionally disturbed and mentally handicapped children. Underlining the influence of environment on behavior, he also notes that behavior modification programs utilize fewer trained personnel more effectively and, like Tennessee's Re-Education Treatment, allow for therapy in…

  15. Defining Behavior Modification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christoplos, Florence; Valletutti, Peter

    1969-01-01

    Discusses the proposition that: "The educational problem involved in behavior modification, in the evaluationand measurement of learning, is the integration and coordination of three types of information affecting the achievement of specific behavioral goals: (1) information about the child, (2) information about the task, and (3) information…

  16. Behavior Therapy of Impotence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dengrove, Edward

    1971-01-01

    Behavior therapy approaches to the treatment of male sexual impotence, specifically premature ejaculation and erective impotence, are discussed. Included in the behavioral therapies are systematic desensitization, active graded therapy, assertive techniques, sexual responses, operant approaches and others. Often marriage counseling is also…

  17. Clarifying Behavior Management Terminology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Justen, Joseph E., III; Howerton, D. Lynn

    1993-01-01

    Eight behavioral management terms/concepts commonly encountered in the special education literature are defined and discussed in terms of commonly occurring confusions. They are positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment, extinction, differential reinforcement of other behavior, timeout, response cost, and overcorrection. (DB)

  18. Stress and eating behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Peters, Achim; Langemann, Dirk

    2010-01-01

    How stress, the stress response, and the adaptation of the stress response influence our eating behavior is a central question in brain research and medicine. In this report, we highlight recent advances showing the close links between eating behavior, the stress system, and neurometabolism.

  19. Zen and Behavior Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bass, Roger

    2010-01-01

    Zen's challenge for behavior analysis is to explain a repertoire that renders analysis itself meaningless--a result following not from scientific or philosophical arguments but rather from a unique verbal history generated by Zen's methods. Untying Zen's verbal knots suggests how meditation's and koans' effects on verbal behavior contribute to…

  20. What determines our behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko Radovan

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available In article Ajzen-Fishbein's attitude-behavior model called 'Theory of reasoned action' and Albert Bandura's Model of reciprocal determinism are presented. Both models are a part of social-cognitive paradigm which characterizes behavior with evaluation of different goals. Ajzen and Fishbein (1973; 1980 proposed that specific behavior are predictable from specific behavioral intentions. These intentions are a function of two components: the attitude toward the act in question and percieved normative expectations of reference group. On the other hand Bandura (1986; 1997 claims that person's motivation for a specific behavior and direction toward a specific social object respectively, reflects perception of his or hers self-efficacy beliefs. Some of the findings concerning the synthesis of the two models are also reviewed.

  1. Research on Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Trust and Customer Citizenship Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Gongxing Guo; Xing Zhou

    2013-01-01

    The concept of Customer Citizenship Behavior is evolved from Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and therelationship between them has been researched by few scholars. To examine the effect of OrganizationalCitizenship Behavior on Customer Citizenship Behavior, this research adopted questionnaire investigationmethod to survey 208 consumers. As predicted, the results showed that, organizational citizenship behaviorinfluenced customer citizenship behavior positively; trust acted as a mediator b...

  2. Rule-governed behavior and behavioral anthropology

    OpenAIRE

    Malott, Richard W

    1988-01-01

    According to cultural materialism, cultural practices result from the materialistic outcomes of those practices, not from sociobiological, mentalistic, or mystical predispositions (e.g., Hindus worship cows because, in the long run, that worship results in more food, not less food). However, according to behavior analysis, such materialistic outcomes do not reinforce or punish the cultural practices, because such outcomes are too delayed, too improbable, or individually too small to directly ...

  3. Relationship Quality and the Theory of Planned Behavior Models of Behavioral Intentions and Purchase Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    M. H. DE CANNIÈRE; P. DE PELSMACKER; M. GEUENS

    2008-01-01

    Using real-life purchase behavior data of apparel and survey information, this study compares the Relationship Quality and the Theory of Planned Behavior models. The attitude towards the buying behavior, the subjective norm and perceived behavioral control (antecedents of the buying intention in the Theory of Planned Behavior) are better predictors of behavioral intentions than Relationship Quality. In both models intentions fully mediate the impact of attitudinal antecedents on behavior, bot...

  4. Invitation to Consumer Behavior Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foxall, Gordon R.

    2010-01-01

    This article presents an introduction to consumer behavior analysis by describing the Behavioral Perspective Model of consumer choice and showing how research has, first, confirmed this framework and, second, opened up behavior analysis and behavioral economics to the study of consumer behavior in natural settings. It concludes with a discussion…

  5. Facilitator control as automatic behavior: A verbal behavior analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Hall, Genae A.

    1993-01-01

    Several studies of facilitated communication have demonstrated that the facilitators were controlling and directing the typing, although they appeared to be unaware of doing so. Such results shift the focus of analysis to the facilitator's behavior and raise questions regarding the controlling variables for that behavior. This paper analyzes facilitator behavior as an instance of automatic verbal behavior, from the perspective of Skinner's (1957) book Verbal Behavior. Verbal behavior is autom...

  6. Dealing with Oppositional Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ways to manage oppositional behaviors is a daily reality for many people who know FTD first hand. ... been heard. Adjust creatively and laugh Watching a television program I enjoy can be a challenge to ...

  7. Network-behavior dynamics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veenstra, René; Dijkstra, Jan; Steglich, Christian; Van Zalk, Maarten H. W.

    2013-01-01

    Researchers have become increasingly interested in disentangling selection and influence processes. This literature review provides context for the special issue on network-behavior dynamics. It brings together important conceptual, methodological, and empirical contributions focusing on longitudina

  8. Consumer Buying Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Irena Vida; Mojca Maher Pirc

    2006-01-01

    The study examines the phenomenon of national identity and economic ethnocentrism in consumer buying behavior. Analysis of data collected from a representative sample of adult Slovenian consumers reveals only moderately expressed ethnocentric tendencies. Similar moderation was revealed in the preferences of Slovenian consumers for patriotic purchasing behavior, whereby the domestic origin of products was more important in the case of nondurable goods and services than in the case of durable g...

  9. SPORT CONSUMER BEHAVIOR

    OpenAIRE

    Iftime Dragoș Adrian

    2015-01-01

    Without any doubt, sport has become a major consumer market, either we discuss about practicing any kind of sport at professional or amateur level, or we are just interested by a competition, sport organization or an athlete as a regular consumer. From this last perspective, we can distinguish between two types of behaviors, respectively the spectator and the supporter or fan. Each of these two typologies has its own characteristics which define, in a significant manner, the consumer behavior...

  10. Behavioral genetics and taste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bachmanov Alexander A

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This review focuses on behavioral genetic studies of sweet, umami, bitter and salt taste responses in mammals. Studies involving mouse inbred strain comparisons and genetic analyses, and their impact on elucidation of taste receptors and transduction mechanisms are discussed. Finally, the effect of genetic variation in taste responsiveness on complex traits such as drug intake is considered. Recent advances in development of genomic resources make behavioral genetics a powerful approach for understanding mechanisms of taste.

  11. Behavioral Law & Economics

    OpenAIRE

    Tomasz Nieborak

    2012-01-01

    Issues concerning the regulation aspects of financial markets are not simple. One of the reasons for this is that a great number of detailed factors have an effect, for example, the trust of the consumers of financial services or their behavior. The paper analyses the most important of them, and issues related to them, from a legal point of view, with the main objective of presenting the basic assumptions of the behavioral Law & Economics theorem. Dynamic development of financial markets and ...

  12. Zen and Behavior Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Bass, Roger

    2010-01-01

    Zen's challenge for behavior analysis is to explain a repertoire that renders analysis itself meaningless—a result following not from scientific or philosophical arguments but rather from a unique verbal history generated by Zen's methods. Untying Zen's verbal knots suggests how meditation's and koans' effects on verbal behavior contribute to Enlightenment and Samādhi. The concept of stimulus singularity is introduced to account for why, within Zen's frame of reference, its methods can be stu...

  13. Is Behavioral Economics Doomed?

    OpenAIRE

    David K. Levine

    2013-01-01

    It is fashionable to criticize economic theory for focusing too much on rationality and ignoring the imperfect and emotional way in which real economic decisions are reached. All of us facing the global economic crisis wonder just how rational economic men and women can be. Behavioral economics — an effort to incorporate psychological ideas into economics — has become all the rage. In this book, David K. Levine questions the idea that behavioral economics is the answer to economic problems. H...

  14. Behavioral Contract Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Botond Koszegi

    2014-01-01

    This review provides a critical survey of psychology-and-economics ("behavioral-economics") research in contract theory. First, I introduce the theories of individual decision making most frequently used in behavioral contract theory, and formally illustrate some of their implications in contracting settings. Second, I provide a more comprehensive (but informal) survey of the psychology-and-economics work on classical contract-theoretic topics: moral hazard, screening, mechanism design, and i...

  15. Prosocial behavior and gender

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Paz eEspinosa; Jaromir eKovarik

    2015-01-01

    This study revisits different experimental data sets that explore social behavior in economic games and uncovers that many treatment effects may be gender-specific. In general, men and women do not differ in “neutral” baselines. However, we find that social framing tends to reinforce prosocial behavior in women but not men, whereas encouraging reflection decreases the prosociality of males but not females. The treatment effects are sometimes statistically different across genders and sometime...

  16. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... NGOs Protective Factors Parent Engagement School Connectedness Positive Parenting Practices Sexual Risk Behaviors Program Evaluation Evaluations of ... including— Behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence Sexual behaviors related to unintended pregnancy and sexually ...

  17. Behavioral addictions: an overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karim, Reef; Chaudhri, Priya

    2012-01-01

    The legitimacy of nonsubstance addictions has received increased attention from clinicians, researchers and the general population as more and more individuals report symptoms consistent with impairment of impulse control. The clinical presentation of these disorders is varied, as compulsive activities may include: gambling, eating, sex, shopping, use of the Internet or videogames or even exercising, working or falling in love. As such, there is great controversy in diagnosing, treating or even naming these conditions, as many of these behaviors are daily rituals instrumental to our ultimate survival. Historically, the phrase "impulse control disorders" described these conditions but many researchers and clinicians also use the term "behavioral addictions," "process addictions" or "impulsive-compulsive behaviors" to report behavioral pathology. This review summarizes the data of each of these behavioral addictions from epidemiology to neurobiology to treatment options. Research suggests similarities between natural and drug reward processing but clinical evidence supports the utilization of treatment modalities for these behavioral conditions that can sometimes differ from traditional drug treatment. PMID:22641961

  18. Human Rights and Behavior Modification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roos, Philip

    1974-01-01

    Criticisms of behavior modification, which charge that it violates ethical and legal principles, are discussed and reasons are presented to explain behavior modification's susceptibility to attack. (GW)

  19. A Study on the Translation Strategies of the Opening Ceremony of the Boao Forum for Asia---From the Perspective of Skopos Theory%博鳌亚洲论坛开幕式演讲词翻译策略探究--目的论视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芃方

    2016-01-01

    As a high level of Asian political and Economic Forum,the Boao Forum for Asia was held regularly every year in Boao,Hainan,every forum has a new theme,mostly related to the development of the Asian economy and the world peace.According to the core theory of German functional translation school,the purpose of translation should be decided by the whole translation skopos.In order to do a better job of publicity materials translation,explore translation strategies of the opening ceremony of the Boao Forum for Asia from the perspective of skopos theory.The results showed that in the translation of publici-ty materials,the translator should bear in mind the Skopos principle,to meet the expected demand for the target audience as a criterion,effectively promote the position of the Chinese government,transferring the voice of the Chinese government to the world to the maximum extent.%博鳌亚洲论坛作为亚洲各国政治经贸高层次论坛,每年定期在我国海南博鳌举行,每届论坛都有一个新的主题,大多与亚洲经济发展以及世界和平相关。根据德国功能翻译学派核心理论———目的论,翻译行为应由整体翻译目的决定。为了更好地做好外宣材料翻译工作,从目的论视角对博鳌亚洲论坛开幕式演讲词翻译策略进行探究,结果表明,在进行外宣材料翻译时,译者应牢记目的论翻译原则,以满足目的语受众的预期需求为准则,有效推介中国政府的立场,将中国政府的声音最大限度地传递给世界。

  20. Review of the entrepreneurship contests' ceremonial award-gala 2011

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Fotoreportaaž Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse, Kaubandus- ja Tööstuskoja ning Tööandjate Keskliidu ettevõtluse auhindade üleandmiselt Estonia kontserdisaalis 14. septembril 2011. Fotodel ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilves

  1. Speech by CPAFFC President Chen Haosu at the Opening Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>First of all,on behalf of the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries(CPAFFC) and China International Friendship Cities Association(CIFCA),I’d like to express our profound respect to our state leaders present here today,a sincere welcome to the delegates and guests representing various cities in China and other countries around the world,and,finally,cordial greetings and heartfelt thanks to all the friends who have over the years made unremitting efforts to the development of the cause of international friendship cities.

  2. Indigeneity and Homeland: Land, History, Ceremony, and Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerma, Michael

    2012-01-01

    What is the relationship between Indigenous peoples and violent reactions to contemporary states? This research explores differing, culturally informed notions of attachment to land or place territory. Mechanistic ties and organic ties to land are linked to a key distinction between Indigenous peoples and non-Indigenous peoples. Utilizing the…

  3. Speech by Tonga Princess Pilolevu Tuita At the Opening Ceremony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>It is a great pleasure and honor for me to be here again in Shanghai,in this energetic and ageless city,and in particular to participate in a conference that promotes the opportunity for a better tomorrow through the collective cooperation of individuals and organizations present here today.I am especially delighted to speak at this conference as the theme focuses on city cooperation for a better life.This is a concept that is personally familiar to me as the Tongan way of life,and indeed the Pacific way of life,is a family orientated and community founded way of life,where the individual’s obligations to the immediate and extended family,and of course the broader community,is of paramount value in defining a successful and productive life.It’s a way of life where we rely on and take care of each other.It’s a way of life that suggests no one person,community,or indeed a country for that matter,is big enough to be independent of each other.This is the perspective I wish to emphasize in the spirit of the conference theme.

  4. Second China-Africa Friendship Awards Ceremony Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>As part of the activity of the"2nd China-Africa Friendship Award"jointly carried out by the CPAFFC and the Chinese-African People’s Friendship Association(CAPFA) from March 2008 to November 2009,five African friends including former Zambian President Kenneth David Kaunda were chosen as the Five African People Who Deeply Moved the Chinese People while 10

  5. Review of the entrepreneurship contests' ceremonial award-gala 2008

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Fotoreportaaž Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse, Kaubandus- ja Tööstuskoja ning Tööandjate Keskliidu ettevõtluse auhindade üleandmiselt Estonia kontserdisaalis 18. septembril 2008. Fotodel ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilves

  6. Opening Ceremony Speech by Former Togolese Prime Minister Edem Kodjo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>My theme is "Strategic Thinking for the protection of the urban environment,energy conservation and reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases,the exploration and use of new energy sources".Behind these statements,it is the question of human survival on our planet.Our various projections of the coming decades suggest a disaster,given the current damage that we have caused and the consequences of which now seem all too predictable.

  7. Ceremony to mark the installation of first magnet at LEP

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Audiovisual Team

    1987-01-01

    Speech from French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac following the installation of the first magnet at LEP on 4 June 1987. And from Herwig Schopper, CERN Director-General; Swiss President Pierre Aubert and Wolfgang Kummer, President of the CERN Council.

  8. The Feminine Landscape in Leslie Marmon Silko's Ceremony

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, Ana Maria Marques da

    2000-01-01

    Whenever one sets out to read or analyse a novel or tale by an Indian writer, one must bear in mind that the basic reality experienced by tribal peoples and by Western peoples is not the same, and therefore Indian American literature will reflect basic assumptions and beliefs about the Universe which the western reader may not identify or be familiar with. As a matter of fact, western cultures tend to separate the material from the spiritual and supernatural, while for the American Indians th...

  9. Lavq khoer mr 'inner ceremony' chanted by Pirma Gavqlavq

    OpenAIRE

    Terrell, Jacob A.

    2013-01-01

    Documentation of Archaic Akha, the register of the Akha shaman / Jacob A. Terrell.This is a sample of collection of recordings, videos, and texts related to Akha Zanr, the indigenous religion of the Akha (ahk) of northern Mainland Southeast Asia. It includes over ten hours of .wav recordings of Pirma Gavq, an Akha Shaman, reciting the religious text ?Buffalo Knowledge One?. This amounts 6,500 verses of religious prose; all have been transcribed using the Akha orthography, and around seventy p...

  10. ALICE industrial award ceremony in Bologna at Santa Cristina

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    from left to right:Pierluigi Bellutti (ITC); Andrea Zanotti President of ITC; Luciano Bosisio (Trieste University); Mario Zen,Director of ITC ; Maurizio Boscardin (ITC); Jean-Robert Lutz, ITS-SSD Project leader (IPHC Strasbourg).

  11. Behavioral Indicators and Behaviors Related to Sexting among Undergraduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudson, Heather K.; Fetro, Joyce V.; Ogletree, Roberta

    2014-01-01

    Background: Empirical studies on sexting are limited, and many sexting studies only assessed sexting behaviors. Few studies have assessed attitudes, subjective norms, or behavioral intentions related to sexting. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess attitudes, subjective norms, behavioral intentions, and behaviors related to sexting…

  12. Rule-governed behavior: Unifying radical and paradigmatic behaviorism

    OpenAIRE

    Burns, G. Leonard; Staats, Arthur W.

    1991-01-01

    Commonalities and differences between Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior and the paradigmatic behaviorism (PB) approach are described as a means of introducing the latter to behavior analysis. The focus is on treating the topic of rule-governed behavior—a topic of current interest in behavior analysis in addressing the challenge of cognitive psychology—within the PB framework. Dealing behaviorally with traditional psychology interests is considered important in PB, and this article aims to...

  13. [Dyspnea and behavioral control].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chonan, T

    1992-04-01

    Respiration is automatically regulated via chemo- and mechanoreceptors existing in and outside the lungs, but it is also controlled voluntarily by behavioral factors. Voluntary increase in ventilation accentuates dyspnea and the sensory intensity at a given ventilation does not differ from that of exercise-induced hyperventilation, but it is significantly smaller than that during hypercapnia or hypoxia. Voluntary constraint of ventilation augments dyspnea in proportion to the degree of constraint even under isocapnic hyperoxia, and the respiratory sensation during constrained breathing is qualitatively more discomfortable than that during hyperventilation. Changes in the level and pattern of breathing under constant levels of chemical stimuli increase respiratory sensations and the intensity of dyspnea is minimal near the spontaneous levels, which supports the hypothesis that breathing is behaviorally regulated in part to minimize dyspnea. The system of behavioral control of breathing appears to be involved in the maintenance of body homeostasis by modifying the respiratory output through respiratory sensations.

  14. Behavioral Economics of Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Alexander Karl; Nafziger, Julia; Nielsen, Helena Skyt

    2015-01-01

    -dimensional rather than one-dimensional. Explicitly accounting for soft skills often implies departing from the standard economic model by integrating concepts studied in behavioral and experimental economics, such as self-control, willingness to compete, intrinsic motivation, and self-confidence. We review how......During the last decade knowledge about human behavior from psychology and sociology has enhanced the field of economics of education. By now research recognizes cognitive skills (as measured by achivement tests) as equally important drivers of later economic outcomes, and skills are seen as multi...... approaches from behavioral economics help our understanding of the complexity of educational investments and outcomes, and we discuss what insights can be gained from such concepts in the context of education....

  15. SPORT CONSUMER BEHAVIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iftime Dragoș Adrian

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Without any doubt, sport has become a major consumer market, either we discuss about practicing any kind of sport at professional or amateur level, or we are just interested by a competition, sport organization or an athlete as a regular consumer. From this last perspective, we can distinguish between two types of behaviors, respectively the spectator and the supporter or fan. Each of these two typologies has its own characteristics which define, in a significant manner, the consumer behavior. A correct understanding and management of this phenomenon, of the factors that influence the attitudes and the decisions taken by the respective consumer, of the display manner for the consumer behavior have a major importance from the management and marketing point of view. This paper focuses on the football consumer and describes, first of all, the main characteristics of each of the typologies mentioned above from this perspective, presenting also the reasons for their transition from passive supporter to fan. Another issue we approach in the current paper refers to the changes appeared in the consumer behavior when the market segment is represented by those supporters whose teams are either relegated or liquidated, which is a global phenomenon in the football area. Having in mind this aspect and taking into consideration the influence of media (TV, press, Internet, social media etc, some individual benchmarks that influence those consumer’s behavior are identified within the context of the general typologies previously mentioned. These influences help the consumer to obtain benefits or satisfaction similar to those already lost. The findings may be used in further research focused on that particular market segment and could provide the necessary support data for further development of proper techniques and tools for reshaping and changing the respective consumer behavior.

  16. Preliminary Study of the Mesoscale Numerical Simulation of the Rain Mitigation Operation during the Opening Ceremony of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games%2008年奥运会开幕式日人工消减雨作业中尺度数值模拟的初步结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何晖; 金华; 李宏宇; 刘建忠

    2012-01-01

    2008年8月8日,在2008年北京奥运会开幕式举行之际,北京及周边地区出现了较强对流云团,给国家体育场内开幕式活动的顺利进行带来了极大威胁.根据云系的发展状况,北京市人工影响天气办公室有针对性地组织实施了大规模地面火箭人工消减雨作业,对抑制云、降水的形成和发展起到了一定作用.在中尺度数值模式MM5的Reisner2方案中引入了AgI粒子与云相互作用的过程,在MM5中实现了催化功能.参照2008年8月8日20:05至20:12进行的消减雨作业情况,利用加入催化方案的中尺度数值模式对该作业进行了数值模拟试验,就不同的播撒量对催化效果的影响进行了研究,并对其中的微物理机制进行了分析.研究结果表明:AgI播撒率对降水量改变影响很明显,当以5g·s-1的速率持续播撒AgI 7 min,在播撒作业后2h,催化区域内均表现为减雨,2h后为增雨.对于减雨的微物理机制主要是由于大量播撒AgI后导致空中云水大量减少,进一步导致霰减少,霰的减少导致雨水的减少;而2h后的增雨机制则是由于在雨水、云水、霰以及温度之间形成了正反馈,最终导致地面降水的增加.需要指出的是由于单参数方案的局限性,模拟的最大减雨率仅为8%~12%,离消雨的要求尚有差距,应利用双参数云方案作进一步模拟研究.%Strong convective clouds occurred in Beijing and its surrounding areas during the opening ceremony of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, which posed a threat to the ongoing ceremony activities at the National Stadium. According to the actual weather condition, rain mitigation by firing lots of special rockets was operated by the Beijing Weather Modification Office. The operation played a certain role in inhibiting the formation and development of cloud and precipitation. Based on the dynamic frame of MM5 and Reisner2 explicit cloud scheme, an Agl-seeding scheme is developed and used to

  17. Teaching Behavioral Awareness in Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safran, Joan S.; Safran, Stephen P.

    1985-01-01

    Describes a model for behavioral change which synthesizes behavioral awareness with empirically identified target behaviors. Stages of the model are presented and cautions for implementation are given. Suggests the model can help students gain an understanding of the consequences of behavioral problems. (BL)

  18. Behavior Disorders in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quay, Herbert C.

    1978-01-01

    The research findings of most studies on student behavior problems have shown that these behaviors can be reduced to four major clusters of interrelated characteristics--conduct disorder, personality disorder, inadequacy-immaturity and socialized delinquency. Discusses these behaviors and some research on behavior change. (Author/RK)

  19. Healthy Behaviors or Age Denials?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmore, Erdman B.

    2007-01-01

    There is considerable confusion in the media and the public about healthy behaviors in contrast to "antiaging" behaviors designed to make one look "younger." As an aid in clarifying the differences between these two types of behaviors, we have developed a questionnaire called the Health Behavior Inventory (HBI). We also wanted to estimate…

  20. INFLUENCE OF MEDIA ON BEHAVIOR

    OpenAIRE

    Schieser, Hans

    2013-01-01

    How far do Media (Television, Video Games, Publications) influence the behavior of young people? The increasing occurrence of violent behavior (e.g. amuck shootings) suggest a negative influence upon the minds and behavior of youth. Psychologists point to the effects of propaganda, the fallacy of "behaviorism" and the facts of experience with addiction (e.g. pornography) and physical effects on the brain.

  1. Organizational citizenship behavior towards sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Chowdhury, Dhiman Deb

    2013-01-01

    This article extends literature of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) in the context of corporate sustainability. The author presents the concept of Organizational Citizenship Behavior towards Sustainability (OCBS) as a variant, contending it's appropriateness for today's much needed behavioral competence to implement sustainability measure at organizational level. The formulation of OCBS espouses Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) with a twist. The viewpoint defended that a for...

  2. Personality and Prosocial Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilbig, Benjamin E; Glöckner, Andreas; Zettler, Ingo

    2014-01-01

    Concerning the dispositional determinants of prosocial behavior and cooperation, work based on the classic 5 personality factors, and especially Agreeableness, has turned out somewhat inconsistent. A clearer picture has emerged from consideration of the HEXACO model of personality-though supporte...

  3. Mathematics as verbal behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marr, M Jackson

    2015-04-01

    "Behavior which is effective only through the mediation of other persons has so many distinguishing dynamic and topographical properties that a special treatment is justified and indeed demanded" (Skinner, 1957, p. 2). Skinner's demand for a special treatment of verbal behavior can be extended within that field to domains such as music, poetry, drama, and the topic of this paper: mathematics. For centuries, mathematics has been of special concern to philosophers who have continually argued to the present day about what some deem its "special nature." Two interrelated principal questions have been: (1) Are the subjects of mathematical interest pre-existing in some transcendental realm and thus are "discovered" as one might discover a new planet; and (2) Why is mathematics so effective in the practices of science and engineering even though originally such mathematics was "pure" with applications neither contemplated or even desired? I argue that considering the actual practice of mathematics in its history and in the context of acquired verbal behavior one can address at least some of its apparent mysteries. To this end, I discuss some of the structural and functional features of mathematics including verbal operants, rule-and contingency-modulated behavior, relational frames, the shaping of abstraction, and the development of intuition. How is it possible to understand Nature by properly talking about it? Essentially, it is because nature taught us how to talk. PMID:25595115

  4. Irrational Human Behaviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orhan Şener

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Neo Classical economists used to posit that, since consumers are rational, they make decisions to maximize their pleasure (utility. Opposing to Neo Classical understanding, Behavioral Economists argue that, consumers are infect not rational, but prone to all sort of biases and habits that pull them being rational. For instance, there are too many irrational choices made by the Turkish consumers like; expensive wedding parties given by low income families; although riding bicycle is healthy and cheap, but people buy expensive cars; it is cheaper staying at a hotel or a timeshare, however people buy expensive summer houses, where they stayed only few weeks a year. These type of irrational behaviors adversely affect the decisions on savings, investments and economic growth. On the consumers irrationality, Tversky and Daniel Kahneman, winner of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Economics, wrote Prospect Theory. They developed a cognitive psychological model to explain divergences from neoclassical economics. They claimed that people take decisions under psychological, social, emotional and economic factors that affect market prices and resource allocation. In order to explain the irrational behaviors of Turkish consumers, I utilized some concepts such as conspicuous consumption (or keeping up with Johns, Veblen Effect, Bandwagon Effect, bounded rationality, 20 to 80 Law and ethical considerations developed by Behavioral Economists and Heterodox Economics. Thus, I came to conclusion that why the free market economic understanding fails in Turkey by giving some examples and economic reasons stated in the last section of this paper.

  5. Improving Student Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammond, James R.; Boivin, Real G.

    1991-01-01

    This document provides brief descriptions of 12 prevention strategies, 6 curriculum-based strategies, and 7 motivational strategies for improving student behavior. Alternative schools and programs, counseling, parent involvement, community involvement, student orientation programs, learning styles, writing activities, student codes of conduct,…

  6. Factorization of Behavioral Integrity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Ximeng; Nielson, Flemming; Nielson, Hanne Riis

    2015-01-01

    We develop a bisimulation-based nonintereference property that describes the allowed dependencies between communication behaviors of different integrity levels. The property is able to capture all possible combinations of integrity levels for the “presence” and “content” of actual communications....

  7. Networks and Economic Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Jackson, Matthew O.

    2009-01-01

    Recent analyses of social networks, both empirical and theoretical, are discussed, with a focus on how social networks influence economic behavior, as well as how social networks form. Some challenges of such research are discussed as are some of the important considerations for the future.

  8. Mathematics as verbal behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marr, M Jackson

    2015-04-01

    "Behavior which is effective only through the mediation of other persons has so many distinguishing dynamic and topographical properties that a special treatment is justified and indeed demanded" (Skinner, 1957, p. 2). Skinner's demand for a special treatment of verbal behavior can be extended within that field to domains such as music, poetry, drama, and the topic of this paper: mathematics. For centuries, mathematics has been of special concern to philosophers who have continually argued to the present day about what some deem its "special nature." Two interrelated principal questions have been: (1) Are the subjects of mathematical interest pre-existing in some transcendental realm and thus are "discovered" as one might discover a new planet; and (2) Why is mathematics so effective in the practices of science and engineering even though originally such mathematics was "pure" with applications neither contemplated or even desired? I argue that considering the actual practice of mathematics in its history and in the context of acquired verbal behavior one can address at least some of its apparent mysteries. To this end, I discuss some of the structural and functional features of mathematics including verbal operants, rule-and contingency-modulated behavior, relational frames, the shaping of abstraction, and the development of intuition. How is it possible to understand Nature by properly talking about it? Essentially, it is because nature taught us how to talk.

  9. On Storekeepers' Pricing Behavior.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Bode (Ben); J. Koerts (Johan); A.R. Thurik (Roy)

    1986-01-01

    textabstractThis research note deals with a quantitative analysis of differences in percentage gross margin between individual stores in the retail trade. A number of hypotheses on pricing behavior of storekeepers are tested using Dutch survey data from nine different types of retail stores. We defi

  10. Evaluating meeting behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, W.M.; Boogaard, S.A.A. van den

    2005-01-01

    Many attempts are underway for developing meeting support tools, but less attention is paid to the evaluation of meetingware. This paper describes the development of an instrument for evaluating meeting behavior. An explorative research is done using a rating scale, questionnaires and information fl

  11. Testing abstract behavioral specifications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wong, P.Y.H.; Bubel, R.; Boer, F.S. de; Gouw, C.P.T. de; Gómez-Zamalloa, M.; Haehnle, R; Meinke, K.; Sindhu, M.A.

    2015-01-01

    We present a range of testing techniques for the Abstract Behavioral Specification (ABS) language and apply them to an industrial case study. ABS is a formal modeling language for highly variable, concurrent, component-based systems. The nature of these systems makes them susceptible to the introduc

  12. Driver Behavior and Motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Patricia

    School bus driver behavior and motivation are continuing concerns for leaders/administrators in the field of transportation. Motivation begins with selection of a potential new driver. Drivers must like children and be patient, loyal, and punctual. The applicant's background must be verified, in view of the national concern for child safety.…

  13. Behavioral Decisions and Policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dalton, P.S.; Ghosal, S.

    2010-01-01

    We study the public policy implications of a model in which agents do not fully internalize all the conscequences of their actions. Such a model uni es seemingly disconected models with behavioral agents. We evaluate the scope of paternalistic and libertarian-parternalistic policies in the light of

  14. Girls' Aggressive Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Larry; Shute, Rosalyn; Slee, Phillip

    2004-01-01

    In contrast to boys' bullying behavior which is often overt and easily visible, girls' aggression is usually indirect and covert. Less research has been conducted on the types of bullying that girls usually engage in. Using focus groups composed of teenaged girls, Dr. Owens and colleagues examine the nature of teenage girls' indirect aggression.

  15. Architecture, constraints, and behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Doyle, John C.; Csete, Marie

    2011-01-01

    This paper aims to bridge progress in neuroscience involving sophisticated quantitative analysis of behavior, including the use of robust control, with other relevant conceptual and theoretical frameworks from systems engineering, systems biology, and mathematics. Familiar and accessible case studies are used to illustrate concepts of robustness, organization, and architecture (modularity and protocols) that are central to understanding complex networks. These essential organizational feature...

  16. Fetal behavioral teratology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, Gerard H. A.; Mulder, Eduard J. H.; Ververs, F. F. Tessa

    2010-01-01

    Ultrasound studies of fetal motor behavior provide direct - in vivo - insight in the functioning of the motor component of the fetal central nervous system. In this article, studies are reviewed showing changes in the first timetable of appearance of fetal movements, changes in quality and/or quanti

  17. Behavioral approach to leadership

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.F. Piccolo; C. Buengeler

    2013-01-01

    After several decades of leadership research that attempted to identify the specific and unique traits characteristic of those in supervisory positions, academic research shifted to pursue the patterns of behavior exhibited by those who were influential in and around positions of formal leadership.

  18. Analysis of Malware behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pirscoveanu, Radu-Stefan; Hansen, Steven Strandlund; Larsen, Thor Mark Tampus;

    2015-01-01

    and automatized manner. We have developed a distributed malware testing environment by extending Cuckoo Sandbox that was used to test an extensive number of malware samples and trace their behavioral data. The extracted data was used for the development of a novel type classification approach based on supervised...

  19. Sexual behavior of adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mijatović-Jovanović Vesna

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Numerous studies have shown that sexual behavior increases among adolescents. Disharmony between biological and psychosocial maturity among young people may cause risky behavior, and endanger psychophysical and reproductive health of young persons. Material and methods A questionnaire on sexual behavior was completed by 169 adolescents, 1st and 4th year high school students. Results Every 6th first grade and every 2nd forth grade adolescent is sexually active. Male adolescents begin sexual activities significantly earlier (at the age of 15.6 than female adolescents (16.5. Also, young men have significantly more partners (3.6 than girls (1.3, and more parallel sexual relations than girls. Only 1/3 of sexually active adolescents always use some kind of contraception, more frequently boys (41.9% than girls (26.7%. Discussion Early commencement of sexual activity results with longer active period before realization of the reproductive function, which increases risk for reproductive health disorders. Unprotected sexual intercourse and large number of partners also present significant risk factors. Conclusion Sexual life of adolescents begins at the age of 16, on average, and only every third always uses contraceptive protection, which points to a need for better education on reproductive health by using contemporary methods. It is also necessary to increase availability of contraceptives (condoms at all places where adolescents spend time (in schools, bars, cinemas, disco clubs etc. in order to achieve responsible sexual behavior and protection of reproductive health among youth.

  20. Markups and Exporting Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Loecker, Jan; Warzynski, Frederic Michel Patrick

    2012-01-01

    estimates of plant- level markups without specifying how firms compete in the product market. We rely on our method to explore the relationship be- tween markups and export behavior. We find that markups are estimated significantly higher when controlling for unobserved productivity; that exporters charge......, on average, higher markups and that markups increase upon export entry....

  1. Memetics clarification of abnormal behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    AIM: Biological medicine is hard to fully and scientifically explain the etiological factor and pathogenesis of abnormal behaviors; while, researches on philosophy and psychology (including memetics) are beneficial to better understand and explain etiological factor and pathogenesis of abnormal behaviors. At present, the theory of philosophy and psychology is to investigate the entity of abnormal behavior based on the views of memetics.METHODS: Abnormal behavior was researched in this study based on three aspects, including instinctive behavior disorder, poorly social-adapted behavior disorder and mental or body disease associated behavior disorder. Most main viewpoints of memetics were derived from "The Meme Machine", which was written by Susan Blackmore. When questions about abnormal behaviors induced by mental and psychological diseases and conduct disorder of teenagers were discussed, some researching achievements which were summarized by authors previously were added in this study, such as aggressive behaviors, pathologically aggressive behaviors, etc.RESULTS: The abnormal behaviors mainly referred to a part of people's substandard behaviors which were not according with the realistic social environment, culture background and the pathologic behaviors resulted from people's various psychological diseases. According to the theory of "meme", it demonstrated that the relevant behavioral obstacles of various psychological diseases, for example, the unusual behavior of schizophrenia, were caused, because the old meme was destroyed thoroughly but the new meme was unable to establish; psychoneurosis and personality disorder were resulted in hard establishment of meme; the behavioral obstacles which were ill-adapted to society, for example, various additional and homosexual behaviors, were because of the selfish replications and imitations of "additional meme" and "homosexual meme"; various instinct behavioral and congenital intelligent obstacles were not significance

  2. Role of behavior in marine pollution monitoring: behavior panel report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olla, B.L.; Atema, J.; Forward, R.; Kittredge, J.; Livingston, R.J.; McLeese, D.W.; Miller, D.C.; Vernberg, W.B.; Wells, P.G.; Wilson, K.

    1980-01-01

    This paper examines the use of behavior as a sensitive tool for assessing environmental pollution. Regarding the eventual development of behavioral monitoring, the authors have presented what they believe are the necessary prerequisites for insuring that the behavioral measures will have ecological relevance. They have also presented some specific examples of behaviors that might prove useful within a monitoring scheme but have yet to be tested within this context. Based on the expertise and interests of the panel members, they have limited these examples to include behavior which is mediated by chemoreception in certain selected organisms and various behaviors that might be monitored specifically in species of zooplankton.

  3. Towards accurate emergency response behavior

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear reactor operator emergency response behavior has persisted as a training problem through lack of information. The industry needs an accurate definition of operator behavior in adverse stress conditions, and training methods which will produce the desired behavior. Newly assembled information from fifty years of research into human behavior in both high and low stress provides a more accurate definition of appropriate operator response, and supports training methods which will produce the needed control room behavior. The research indicates that operator response in emergencies is divided into two modes, conditioned behavior and knowledge based behavior. Methods which assure accurate conditioned behavior, and provide for the recovery of knowledge based behavior, are described in detail

  4. Exhibiting New Achievements & Carrying Forward Wine Culture ---Meeting Summary of Publishing Ceremony of Study on Chinese Wine Culture Volume Ⅱ (Forum of Chinese Wine Culture)%展示新成果 弘扬酒文化——《中国酒文化研究第二卷》发行仪式暨中国白酒文化论坛纪要

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢美英; 钟小荷

    2012-01-01

    The publishing ceremony of Study on Chinese Wine Culture Volume Ⅱ(Forum of Chinese Wine Culture) was held in Yibin College on December 17- 19, 2011. The representatives in the meeting discussed topics including "the history of wine", "wine and its cultural connotation and value", "the marketing and developing strategies of wine culture", and "the exploration of the material foundation of wine culture" etc, Meanwhile, they gave a high evaluation of Study on Chinese Wine Culture Volume Ⅱ.%"《中国酒文化研究第二卷》发行仪式暨中国白酒文化论坛"于2011年12月17日至12月19日在宜宾学院召开。与会代表深入讨论了"酒的历史"、"酒及其文化的内涵及价值""、酒文化的营销发展战略""、酒文化的物质基础探析"等问题,同时高度评价了《中国酒文化研究第二卷》。

  5. "Reinforcement" in behavior theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenfeld, W N

    1978-01-01

    In its Pavlovian context, "reinforcement" was actually a descriptive term for the functional relation between an unconditional and a conditional stimulus. When it was adopted into operant conditioning, "reinforcement" became the central concept and the key operation, but with new qualifications, new referents, and new expectations. Some behavior theorists believed that "reinforcers" comprise a special and limited class of stimuli or events, and they speculated about what the essential "nature of reinforcement" might be. It is now known that any stimulus can serve a reinforcing function, with due recognition of such parameters as subject species characteristics, stimulus intensity, sensory modality, and schedule of application. This paper comments on these developments from the standpoint of reflex behavior theory.

  6. Religious thought and behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Ernest Thomas

    2012-09-01

    While earlier approaches to religious thought and practice searched for 'magic bullet' approaches to explain religious thought and behavior, seeing it as an example of irrationality, illusion, integrative force, symbolism, or false explanations of origins, cognitive scientific approaches have suggested that we see it rather as an aggregate of the products of various cognitive mechanisms. Studies in the cognitive science of religion, informed by experimental work, have converged on a standard model of explaining religious thought and behavior by focussing on the role of minimally counter-intuitive concepts, agent and animacy detection, ritual representations, notions of contagion and contamination avoidance, theory of mind, coalitions, and moral intuitions. WIREs Cogn Sci 2012 doi: 10.1002/wcs.1189 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.

  7. Behavioral Economics: A Tutorial for Behavior Analysts in Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Reed, Derek D.; Niileksela, Christopher R.; Kaplan, Brent A

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, behavioral economics has gained much attention in psychology and public policy. Despite increased interest and continued basic experimental studies, the application of behavioral economics to therapeutic settings remains relatively sparse. Using examples from both basic and applied studies, we provide an overview of the principles comprising behavioral economic perspectives and discuss implications for behavior analysts in practice. A call for further translational research i...

  8. Government-led folk beliefs and cultural heritage and development:Based on The Comparison of Tian Heng Seagod ceremony and Bao Gede holy ritual%政府主导下民间信仰文化的传承与发展--基于田横祭海仪式与宝格德圣山祭祀仪式的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋宁而; 宝娃

    2013-01-01

    To compare theceremony process and social impact betweenTian Heng ceremony in Qingdao city of Shandongand theBao Gede holy ritual in New Barag RightBanner Hulun Buir of Inner Mongolia, we can see that,with the all-round development of social economy and culture, both in the interior and coastal areas, the government, social organizations and local residents innovated the folk tradition with their living marine or grassland characteristic, and reconstructed a unique Marine celebration or international folk cultural tourism festival.These traditional ritual activities are used to pray for no disasters, under the guidance of government and related departments, and also holding the sacred mission of publicizing tourism resources, promoting economic development and improving people life quality. However, due to the part of excessive commercialization and government-leading, the rituals are losing their original ideology gradually. The two folks custom activities, developed based on theirbeliefs, are becoming scale,expansion and standardization, due to the participation of government, and in the process presenting their new unique aspect in front of the world.%通过对山东青岛田横祭海仪式和内蒙古呼伦贝尔新巴尔虎右旗宝格德圣山敖包祭祀各自的庆典化过程及其社会影响的比较可知,随着社会经济和文化的全方位发展,无论是在内陆还是在沿海地区,政府、社会团体及当地居民都在结合赖以生存的海洋或草原的自然环境特征将民俗传统加以创新重建,打造独具特色的海洋庆典或国际民俗文化旅游节。这些传统祭祀活动除了祈祷丰饶地区居民生活以外,在政府以及相关部门的指导下,还担当起了对外宣传旅游资源、推动经济发展及提高地区人们生活质量的神圣使命。与此同时由于部分祭祀活动过度的商业化和政府主导化,祭祀仪式也在逐渐丧失其最初的意识形态。这两项

  9. Essays in Behavioral Economics

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Sheng

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation consists of two chapters on behavioral economics.Chapter one analyzes mutual fund flows from 1999 to 2012 to provide evidence that financial advisers exploit their clients' extrapolative beliefs to sell funds that pay high commissions. Utilizing comparisons between twin retail mutual fund share classes that differ only in commissions, I find a strong positive correlation between commission levels and return chasing. Fund flows from high commission shares show increased purch...

  10. Organizational culture & employee behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Tianya

    2015-01-01

    Organizations are among the key units of the society. During their establishment and development, a specific kind of organizational culture eventually appears. The purpose of organizational culture is to improve solidarity and cohesion, and to stimulate employees' enthusiasm and creativity to improve the organization’s economic efficiency. In addition, organizational culture greatly influences employee behavior. The aim of this study is to find out how organizational culture affects employ...

  11. Behavioral Modeling of Memcapacitor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Biolek

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Two behavioral models of memcapacitor are developed and implemented in SPICE-compatible simulators. Both models are related to the charge-controlled memcapacitor, the capacitance of which is controlled by the amount of electric charge conveyed through it. The first model starts from the state description of memcapacitor whereas the second one uses the memcapacitor constitutive relation as the only input data. Results of transient analyses clearly show the basic fingerprints of the memcapacitor.

  12. Active Travel Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Burbidge, Shaunna K; Goulias, Konstadinos G.

    2008-01-01

    Physical inactivity has become a dominant feature of most American’s lives over the past quarter century. This has spurred an entire research domain straddling several different disciplines. Although model development within the field of travel behavior as a whole continues today with more momentum than ever, the focus on active mode choice has largely been overlooked and left to a small fragment of transportation and public health researchers. Research regarding active mode choice has been...

  13. Adaptive Consumption Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Howitt; Ömer Özak

    2009-01-01

    This paper proposes and studies a theory of adaptive consumption behavior under income uncertainty and liquidity constraints. We assume that consumption is governed by a linear function of wealth, whose coefficients are revised each period by a procedure, which, although sophisticated, places few informational or computational demands on the consumer. We show that under a variety of settings, our procedure converges quickly to a set of coefficients with low welfare cost relative to a fully op...

  14. Managing Student Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprick, Randy; Daniels, K.

    2010-01-01

    Teachers are a combination of who they are and what they've learned--with a bit more emphasis on what they've learned. It helps to be a born comedian or a motivational speaker, but it isn't necessary. What is necessary is a great desire to teach children and knowledge of how to manage student behavior to keep students engaged academically and…

  15. Reinforcing Productive Classroom Behavior. A Teacher's Guide to Behavior Modification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarason, Irwin G.; And Others

    This guide to behavior modification provides teachers and others who work with children with some practical suggestions to reinforce productive classroom behavior. A description of common elementary classroom problems, the principles and ethical considerations in the use of behavior modification, suggestions for establishing a classroom climate…

  16. Electricity curtailment behaviors in Greek households: Different behaviors, different predictors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • We study the self-reported energy (electricity) curtailment behaviors of Greek households (N=285). • We find that the curtailment behaviors are distinct and should be studied/analyzed separately. • ‘Age’, ‘Gender’ and ‘Perceived Behavioral Control’ are statistically significant predictors of most behaviors. • The demographic/structural and the psychological predictors contribute significantly explain the variance of the behaviors. • The cluster of moral predictors does not contribute statistically significantly to the explained variance. - Abstract: This paper argues that electricity ‘curtailment’ behaviors (i.e. frequent and/or low cost or free energy saving behaviors) in households are distinct from one another and they thus should be analyzed and promoted. We test this claim with data from telephone interviews with Greek households in the capital city of Athens (N=285), analyzing the impact of a number of demographical/structural, psychological (based on the Theory of Planned Behavior) and moral (based on norms’ activation) predictors though hierarchical binary logistic regression modeling. We find that that each electricity curtailment behavior depends on a different mix of predictors with ‘Age’, ‘Gender’ and ‘Perceived Behavioral Control’ being statistically significant for most behaviors. Overall, the psychological and the demographical/structural clusters of variables substantially contribute to the explained variance of electricity curtailment behaviors. The moral cluster's contribution is not statistically significant since moral concerns are largely interwoven in the psychological constructs

  17. Behavioral economic influences on treatments designed to decrease destructive behavior.

    OpenAIRE

    Perry, A C; Fisher, W W

    2001-01-01

    In behavioral economics terms, response allocation is viewed as an exchange between the price of and the demand for reinforcers associated with various responses. In this study, behavioral economics principles were used to develop and evaluate a treatment package that reduced destructive behavior to zero while communication and compliance were increased.

  18. Behavioral Genetic Analyses of Prosocial Behavior in Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregory, Alice M.; Light-Hausermann, Jade H.; Rijsdijk, Fruhling; Eley, Thalia C.

    2009-01-01

    Prosocial behavior is an important aspect of normal social and psychological development. Adult and child twin studies typically estimate the heritability of prosocial behavior to be between 30 and 50%, although relatively little is known about genetic and environmental influences upon prosocial behavior in adolescence. We therefore examined…

  19. Autistic Behavior, Behavior Analysis, and the Gene—Part II

    OpenAIRE

    Malott, Richard W.

    2005-01-01

    This article reviews the negative behavior-analytic commentary on Drash and Tudor's behavior-analytic analysis of the etiology of autistic repertoires and values. This article also asks that, in our effort to scrub it clean, we not drown Drash and Tudor's beautiful, but fragile, new-born, behavior-analytic baby in hyper-methodological, hyper-scholarly bathwater.

  20. The Impact of Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" on Organizational Behavior Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Eric J.; VanStelle, Sarah E.

    2010-01-01

    In the book "Verbal Behavior," Skinner provided a comprehensive, behavioral account of language. While the impact of Skinner's analysis on empirical research has been examined broadly, this review of the literature focused on studies relevant to organizational behavior management (OBM). Both empirical and nonempirical journal articles in OBM were…

  1. Identifying Occupationally Specific Affective Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pucel, David J.

    1993-01-01

    Data from two groups of cosmetology instructors (n=15) and two groups of machinist instructors (n=17) validated the Occupational Affective Behavior Analysis instrument as capable of identifying affective behaviors viewed as important to success in a given occupation. (SK)

  2. Attachment and coercive sexual behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smallbone, S W; Dadds, M R

    2000-01-01

    This study examined the relationships between childhood attachment and coercive sexual behavior. One hundred sixty-two male undergraduate students completed self-report measures of childhood maternal attachment, childhood paternal attachment, adult attachment, antisociality, aggression, and coercive sexual behavior. As predicted, insecure childhood attachment, especially insecure paternal attachment, was associated with antisociality, aggression, and coercive sexual behavior. Moreover, childhood attachment independently predicted coercive sexual behavior after antisociality and aggression were statistically controlled. The hypothesis that paternal avoidant attachment would predict coercive sexual behavior independently of its relationship with aggression and antisociality was also supported. Posthoc analysis indicated that maternal anxious attachment was associated with antisociality and that paternal avoidant attachment was associated with both antisociality and coercive sexual behavior. These results are consistent with criminological and psychological research linking adverse early family experiences with offending and lend support to an attachment-theoretical framework for understanding offending behavior in general and sexual offending behavior in particular.

  3. Brain and Behavior Research Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... View All > Donate DONATE TODAY! > The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation is committed to alleviating the suffering caused by ... in scientific research. Copyright © 2016 the brain & behavior research foundation Privacy Policy Legal Notices and Disclaimers

  4. Behavior analysis and linguistic productivity

    OpenAIRE

    Malott, Richard W.

    2003-01-01

    The greatest intellectual challenge to the field of behavior analysis may be understanding linguistic productivity (e.g., being able to correctly say and understand novel sentences). One of the main issues concerning linguistic productivity is whether behavioral productivity is, itself, a fundamental behavioral process, as claimed by the proponents of relational frame theory, or whether we can understand linguistic productivity in terms of more fundamental behavioral principles.

  5. Emergent behaviors of classifier systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forrest, S.; Miller, J.H.

    1989-01-01

    This paper discusses some examples of emergent behavior in classifier systems, describes some recently developed methods for studying them based on dynamical systems theory, and presents some initial results produced by the methodology. The goal of this work is to find techniques for noticing when interesting emergent behaviors of classifier systems emerge, to study how such behaviors might emerge over time, and make suggestions for designing classifier systems that exhibit preferred behaviors. 20 refs., 1 fig.

  6. Anticipated affect and behavioral choice.

    OpenAIRE

    Richard, R.; Pligt, van der, J.; Vries, de, N.

    1996-01-01

    Most research on the impact of affect on attitudes and behavior emphasizes the effect of past and present affective reactions. In this article we focus on anticipated, postbehavioral, affective reactions. The influence of anticipated affective reactions on a number of behaviors was investigated in the context of Ajzen's theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1985, 1991). Results showed that anticipated affective reactions predicted behavioral intentions independent from general attitudes (evaluat...

  7. Is functional behavioral assessment functional?

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Traditional methods of discipline, like punishment, suspension, and expulsion have in the past seemed beneficial, on a short-term basis, against problem behavior in schools. Four schools in Norway have recently implemented Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA) as part of a pilot project, to test the School-Wide Positive Behavioral Support (SW-PBS). A completed FBA procedure reveals the setting events, the antecedents and the consequences around the problem behavior, which provides ...

  8. Characteristics of Chinese Driver Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Li, J.

    2014-01-01

    The high growth rate of vehicle ownership and many novel drivers in China determine the special features of Chinese driver behavior. This thesis introduces a comparative study on driver behavior by the analysis of saturation flow at urban intersections, Driver Behavior Questionnaire surveys, focus group discussion, and in-car tests. The main characteristics of Chinese driver behavior have been identified. A new method is developed for a simulation model calibration based on the study results.

  9. Risky Behavior, Ecstasy, and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callier, Heather H.

    2011-01-01

    Ecstasy is a risky behavior that continues to be a concern in the education system today. The review of the Ecstasy literature focused on the definition of risky behavior, prevalence, and other basis aspects of Ecstasy; discovering life events that are associated with Ecstasy use, the function of this behavior, interventions for substance abuse,…

  10. Behavior Analysis: A Student's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberger, William

    This paper provides students with a brief outline of behavioral principles and behavior change techniques, and describes various means of behavior change including operant conditioning. Methods discussed include reinforcement, extinction, punishment, response cost, time-out, overcorrection, training, and data collection for taking a baseline.…

  11. Characteristics of Chinese Driver Behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, J.

    2014-01-01

    The high growth rate of vehicle ownership and many novel drivers in China determine the special features of Chinese driver behavior. This thesis introduces a comparative study on driver behavior by the analysis of saturation flow at urban intersections, Driver Behavior Questionnaire surveys, focus g

  12. Behavior Plan, Does It Work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Blanca M.; Brown, D.

    2015-01-01

    As educators, we are responsible for teaching academic skills. However, some students not only need to learn academic skills but they need behavior support, due to problematic behaviors that are happening in the school setting. In this article, we will learn more of what are the implications, requirements and best strategies for a behavior plan.…

  13. Theories of information behavior

    CERN Document Server

    Erdelez, Sandra; McKechnie, Lynne

    2005-01-01

    This unique book presents authoritative overviews of more than 70 conceptual frameworks for understanding how people seek, manage, share, and use information in different contexts. A practical and readable reference to both well-established and newly proposed theories of information behavior, the book includes contributions from 85 scholars from 10 countries. Each theory description covers origins, propositions, methodological implications, usage, links to related conceptual frameworks, and listings of authoritative primary and secondary references. The introductory chapters explain key concepts, theory–method connections, and the process of theory development.

  14. Understanding Licensing Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cabaleiro, Goretti; Moreira, Solon; Reichstein, Toke

    The potential for rent dissipation has been argued to be the main cause of firms? licensing out behavior being stifled.However, this aspect has been scarcely studied empirically. We draw on rent dissipation arguments, and hypothesize that firms suffering from the not-invented-here (NIH) syndrome......, firms in competitive product markets, and firms that have incurred substantial sunk cost are associated with lower rates of technology out-licensing. We also posit that sunk costs negatively moderate the relationship between competition in the licensor?s product market, and licensing rate. We test our...

  15. Electronic Word of Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kunst, Katrine

    It is widely recognized that the transition from Word-of-mouth (WOM) to electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) allows for a wider and faster spread of information. However, little attention has been given to how digital channels expand the types of information consumers share. In this paper, we argue...... of the concepts do not capture this new kind of consumer-to-consumer information transfer about products and services. Consequently, we suggest an extension of those concepts: Electronic Word of Behavior....

  16. Behavioral Econometrics for Psychologists

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Steffen; Harrison, Glenn W.; Lau, Morten;

    We make the case that psychologists should make wider use of structural econometric methods. These methods involve the development of maximum likelihood estimates of models, where the likelihood function is tailored to the structural model. In recent years these models have been developed...... for a wide range of behavioral models of choice under uncertainty. We explain the components of this methodology, and illustrate with applications to major models from psychology. The goal is to build, and traverse, a constructive bridge between the modeling insights of psychology and the statistical tools...

  17. Clustering Game Behavior Data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bauckhage, C.; Drachen, Anders; Sifa, Rafet

    2015-01-01

    and other techniques for player profiling and play style analysis have, therefore, become popular in the nascent field of game analytics. However, the proper use of clustering techniques requires expertise and an understanding of games is essential to evaluate results. With this paper, we address game data...... scientists and present a review and tutorial focusing on the application of clustering techniques to mine behavioral game data. Several algorithms are reviewed and examples of their application shown. Key topics such as feature normalization are discussed and open problems in the context of game analytics...

  18. Adjunctive behaviors are operants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Killeen, Peter R; Pellón, Ricardo

    2013-03-01

    Adjunctive behaviors such as schedule-induced polydipsia are said to be induced by periodic delivery of incentives, but not reinforced by them. That standard treatment assumes that contingency is necessary for conditioning and that delay of reinforcement gradients are very steep. The arguments and evidence for this position are reviewed and rejected. In their place, data are presented that imply different gradients for different classes of responses. Proximity between response and reinforcer, rather than contingency or contiguity, is offered as a key principle of association. These conceptions organize a wide variety of observations and provide the rudiments for a more general theory of conditioning. PMID:23359373

  19. Epigenetics: Behavioral Influences on Gene Function, Part I: Maternal Behavior Permanently Affects Adult Behavior in Offspring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogren, Marilee P.; Lombroso, Paul J.

    2008-01-01

    The article highlights the field of epigenetics and its relevance in determining the effects of maternal nurturing on behavioral patterns in offsprings. Results concluded that maternal behavior influences the offspring's behavior to stress in adulthood and the effects are transgenerational through epigenetic mechanisms.

  20. Self Injurious Behavior in Adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evrim Aktepe

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Self injury is a kind of behavior which begins in early adolescence and difficult to determine because remains suppressed. Most often forms are to cut and hit own. To be exposed to sexual abuse and stressfully life events are known as risk factors for self injurious behavior. High anxiety, depression and hostility levels, decrease of self esteem, suicidal attempts and thoughts are usually together with self injurious behavior and it may be mediating to emotional regulation. To explain the functions of self injurious behavior automatic and social support theories and social learning theories have suggested. The relation between suicidality and self injurious behavior is complex for adolescents. There is no enough knowledge if self injurious behavior aggravates the risk of completed suicide. Although it’s a frequent behavior there are limited randomized controlled studies which examine specific treatment approaches. Dialectic behavior treatment is the type of treatment which shown as most effective for adults. To determine the needs to stop the behavior, to manage emotional senses and urges and to learn more healthy ways for needs to youth are necessary in treatment of self injurious behavior. Treatment also includes determining suicidal risk and comorbid psychiatric disorders. In self injurious behavior medical treatment is useful for comorbid psychiatric disorders. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(2.000: 201-210

  1. Prosocial behavior on the Net.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sproull, Lee

    2011-01-01

    Volunteers and charitable organizations contribute significantly to community welfare through their prosocial behavior: that is, discretionary behavior such as assisting, comforting, sharing, and cooperating intended to help worthy beneficiaries. This essay focuses on prosocial behavior on the Internet. It describes how offline charitable organizations are using the Net to become more efficient and effective. It also considers entirely new models of Net-based volunteer behavior directed at creating socially beneficial information goods and services. After exploring the scope and diversity of online prosocial behavior, the essay focuses on ways to encourage this kind of behavior through appropriate task and social structures, motivational signals, and trust indicators. It concludes by asking how local offline communities ultimately could be diminished or strengthened as prosocial behavior increases online.

  2. Behavioral endpoints for radiation injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabin, B. M.; Joseph, J. A.; Hunt, W. A.; Dalton, T. B.; Kandasamy, S. B.; Harris, A. H.; Ludewig, B.

    1994-10-01

    The relative behavioral effectiveness of heavy particles was evaluated. Using the taste aversion paradigm in rats, the behavioral toxicity of most types of radiation (including 20Ne and 40Ar) was similar to that of 60Co photons. Only 56Fe and 93Nb particles and fission neutrons were significantly more effective. Using emesis in ferrets as the behavioral endpoint, 56Fe particles and neutrons were again the most effective; however, 60Co photons were significantly more effective than 18 MeV electrons. These results suggest that LET does not completely predict behavioral effectiveness. Additionally, exposing rats to 10 cGy of 56Fe particles attenuated amphetamine-induced taste aversion learning. This behavior is one of a broad class of behaviors which depends on the integrity of the dopaminergic system and suggests the possibility of alterations in these behaviors following exposure to heavy particles in a space radiation environment.

  3. [Challenging behavior: behavioral phenotypes of some genetic syndromes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Challenging behavior in individuals with mental retardation (MR) is relatively frequent, and represents a significant obstacle to adaptive skills. The frequency of specific forms and manifestations of challenging behavior can depend on a variety of personal and environmental factors. There are several prominent theoretical models regarding the etiology of challenging behavior and psychopathology in persons with MR: behavioral, developmental, socio-cultural and biological.The biological model emphasizes the physiological, biochemical and genetic factors as the potential source of challenging behavior. The progress in the field of genetics and neuroscience has opened the opportunity to study and discover the neurobiological basis of phenotypic characteristics. Genetic syndromes associated with MR can be followed by a specific set of problems and disorders which constitutes their behavioral phenotype. The aim of this paper was to present challenging behaviors that manifest in the most frequently studied syndromes: Down syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, Williams syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome and Angelman syndrome. The concept of behavioral phenotype implies a higher probability of manifesting specific developmental characteristics and specific behaviors in individuals with a certain genetic syndrome. Although the specific set of (possible) problems and disorders is distinctive for the described genetic syndromes, the connection between genetics and behavior should be viewed through probabilistic dimension. The probabilistic concept takes into consideration the possibility of intra-syndrome variability in the occurrence, intensity and time onset of behavioral characteristics, at which the higher variability the lower is the specificity of the genetic syndrome. Identifying the specific pattern of behavior can be most important for the process of early diagnosis and prognosis. In addition, having knowledge about behavioral phenotype can be a landmark in the creation of

  4. Challenging behavior: Behavioral phenotypes of some genetic syndromes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buha Nataša

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Challenging behavior in individuals with mental retardation (MR is relatively frequent, and represents a significant obstacle to adaptive skills. The frequency of specific forms and manifestations of challenging behavior can depend on a variety of personal and environmental factors. There are several prominent theoretical models regarding the etiology of challenging behavior and psychopathology in persons with MR: behavioral, developmental, socio-cultural and biological. The biological model emphasizes the physiological, biochemical and genetic factors as the potential source of challenging behavior. The progress in the field of genetics and neuroscience has opened the opportunity to study and discover the neurobiological basis of phenotypic characteristics. Genetic syndromes associated with MR can be followed by a specific set of problems and disorders which constitutes their behavioral phenotype. The aim of this paper was to present challenging behaviors that manifest in the most frequently studied syndromes: Down syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, Williams syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome and Angelman syndrome. The concept of behavioral phenotype implies a higher probability of manifesting specific developmental characteristics and specific behaviors in individuals with a certain genetic syndrome. Although the specific set of (possible problems and disorders is distinctive for the described genetic syndromes, the connection between genetics and behavior should be viewed through probabilistic dimension. The probabilistic concept takes into consideration the possibility of intra-syndrome variability in the occurrence, intensity and time onset of behavioral characteristics, at which the higher variability the lower is the specificity of the genetic syndrome. Identifying the specific pattern of behavior can be most important for the process of early diagnosis and prognosis. In addition, having knowledge about behavioral phenotype can be a landmark in

  5. Young Adult Smoking Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Pamela M.; Neilands, Torsten B.; Glantz, Stanton A.

    2009-01-01

    Background Young adults have the highest smoking rate of any age group in the U.S., and new strategies to decrease young adult smoking are needed. The objective of the current study was to identify psychographic and demographic factors associated with current smoking and quitting behaviors among young adults. Methods Attitudes, social groups, and self-descriptors, including supporting action against the tobacco industry, advertising receptivity, depression, alcohol use, and other factors associated with smoking were tested for associations with smoking behaviors in a 2005 cross-sectional survey of 1528 young adults (aged 18–25 years) from a web-enabled panel. Analyses were conducted in 2007. Results Being older was associated with current smoking, whereas having some higher education and being African American or Hispanic were negatively associated with smoking. Supporting action against the tobacco industry was negatively associated with smoking (AOR=0.34 [95% CI=0.22, 0.52]). Perceived usefulness of smoking, exposure to smokers, increased perceived smoking prevalence, receptivity to tobacco advertising, binge drinking, and exposure to tobacco advertising in bars and clubs were associated with smoking. Supporting action against the tobacco industry was associated with intentions to quit smoking (AOR= 4.43 [95% CI=2.18, 8.60]). Conclusions Young adults are vulnerable to tobacco-industry advertising. Media campaigns that denormalize the tobacco industry and appeal to young adults appear to be a powerful intervention to decrease young adult smoking. PMID:19269128

  6. Behavioral contingency analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mechner, Francis

    2008-06-01

    This paper presents a formal symbolic language, with its own specialized vocabulary and grammar, for codifying any behavioral contingency, including the complex multiparty contingencies encountered in law, economics, business, public affairs, sociology, education, and psychotherapy. This language specifies the "if, then" and temporal relationships between acts and their consequences for the parties involved. It provides for the notation of the probabilities, magnitudes, positive or negative valences, or time delays of the consequences for the parties, and for the parties that would perceive, misperceive, not perceive, predict, mispredict, or not predict events. The language's fractal-like hierarchical and recursive grammar provides for the flexible combination and permutation of the modifiers of the language's four nouns: acts, consequences, time intervals, and agents of acts; and its four verbs: consequate, prevent, perceive, and predict-thereby giving the language the ability to describe and codify various nuances of such complex contingencies as fraud, betting, blackmail, various types of games, theft, crime and punishment, contracts, family dynamics, racing, competition, mutual deterrence, feuding, bargaining, deception, borrowing, insurance, elections, global warming, tipping for service, vigilance, sexual overtures, decision making, and mistaken identity. Applications to the management of practical situations and techniques for doing so, as well as applications in current behavior analysis research and neuroscience, are discussed. PMID:18329187

  7. Cognition, behavior, and the experimental analysis of behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Shimp, Charles P.

    1984-01-01

    A case history illustrates how one research program in the experimental analysis of behavior evolved somewhat differently from the modal research program represented in this journal. A chief issue that seems to be responsible for this difference is the role attributed to theory in behavioral research: Skinner's views on the nature and function of theory and on the nature of observation combine to produce a certain kind of picture of behavior. The classic conception of reinforcement contingenc...

  8. Cognitive behavioral therapy for suicidal behaviors: improving patient outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mewton L

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Louise Mewton,1 Gavin Andrews2 1National Health and Medical Research Council Centre for Research Excellence in Mental Health and Substance Use, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, 2Clinical Research Unit for Anxiety and Depression (CRUfAD, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia Abstract: This systematic review provides an overview of the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT in reducing suicidal cognitions and behavior in the adult population. We identified 15 randomized controlled trials of CBT for adults (aged 18 years and older that included suicide-related cognitions or behaviors as an outcome measure. The studies were identified from PsycINFO searches, reference lists, and a publicly available database of psychosocial interventions for suicidal behaviors. This review identified some evidence of the use of CBT in the reduction of both suicidal cognitions and behaviors. There was not enough evidence from clinical trials to suggest that CBT focusing on mental illness reduces suicidal cognitions and behaviors. On the other hand, CBT focusing on suicidal cognitions and behaviors was found to be effective. Given the current evidence, clinicians should be trained in CBT techniques focusing on suicidal cognitions and behaviors that are independent of the treatment of mental illness. Keywords: suicidal behaviors, suicidal cognitions, CBT

  9. Behavior computing modeling, analysis, mining and decision

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    Includes six case studies on behavior applications Presents new techniques for capturing behavior characteristics in social media First dedicated source of references for the theory and applications of behavior informatics and behavior computing

  10. Anticipated regret and precautionary sexual behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Richard; N.K. de Vries; J. van der Pligt

    1998-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of anticipated regret on precautionary sexual behavior. 317 female and 134 male 18-48 yr old college students completed questionnaires assessing behavioral expectations regarding casual sexual behavior, anticipated regret, perceived behavioral control, attitudes, s

  11. Focus On Behavioral Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Long stigmatized, behavioral health conditions are finally becoming a focal point not just for policy makers but also in public discussions about the well-being of the United States. This is in part because of a rising opioid epidemic; the concentration of people with mental illnesses in prisons and jails; and a greater appreciation of the toll taken by depression and other mental disorders on individuals, families, and the economy. The United States spends more on mental health and addiction than on any other medical condition, including heart disease, trauma, and cancer. Within this spending, there's been a shift toward outpatient and other types of community treatment and away from inpatient care. Meanwhile, the Affordable Care Act has made it possible for more people with serious mental illnesses to obtain care, but treatment rates for racial and ethnic minorities still trail those of whites. PMID:27269009

  12. Conscious behavior explained.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurthen, M

    1999-06-01

    Current neurobiological research on temporal binding in binocular rivalry settings contributes to a better understanding of the neural correlate of perceptual consciousness. This research can easily be integrated into a theory of conscious behavior, but if it is meant to promote a naturalistic theory of perceptual consciousness itself, it is confronted with the notorious explanatory gap argument according to which any statement of psychophysical correlations (and their interpretation) leaves the phenomenal character of, e.g., states of perceptual consciousness open. It is argued that research on temporal binding plays no role in a naturalistic theory of consciousness if the gap argument can be solved on internal philosophical grounds or if it turns out to be unsolvable at the time being. But there may be a way to dissolve or deconstruct it, and the accessibility of this way may well depend on scientific progress, including neurobiological research on the neural correlate of perceptual consciousness. PMID:10447997

  13. 清中期黟县民众的信仰世界及所蕴涵的文化意义——以《菩萨谱》所载祭祀科仪为中心展开的讨论%The Belief of People in Yi County in Mid-Qing and its Cultural Significance --Based on the Sacrificial Ceremony Recorded in Bodhisattva Spectrum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊嘉禄; 张孝进

    2012-01-01

    新近发现的清中期黟县钞本《菩萨谱》包含了大量民间信仰信息,所收信仰以家庭祭祀为主,广涉各路神众,反映出当时徽州民众生活在一个由多种祭祀仪式构成的民间信仰世界之中,生老病死、衣食住行,生产、生活的每一重要方面都与民间信仰息息相关。同时《菩萨谱》中反映出的信仰世界带有鲜明的小传统特色,揭示出了民间信仰世界中三教融合的真实情况。%The newly discovered hand-copied Bodhisattva Spectrum in Yi County in mid-Qing Dynasty contains a great amount of information about folk beliefs. The beliefs mainly involve family sacrifice and concern different gods, reflecting a folk belief world in which there are a variety of fete ceremonies conducted by Huizhou people in that period. Birth, senility, illness and death; food, clothing, shelter and traveling; production as well as every important aspect of life are closely linked with folk beliefs. At the same time, the belief world reflected in Bodhisattva Spectrum has distinctive traditional features, revealing the real situation of a fusion of three religions then.

  14. The Politics in the Memorial Ceremony of Dr. Sun Yat-sen by KMT Administration during the Anti-Japanese War --Based on the Study of "Shanghai Daily"(1937.7-1938.11)%全面抗战时期国民政府孙中山纪念与仪式政治——以《申报》为中心的考察(1937.7一l938.11)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟声; 高翔宇

    2011-01-01

    During the Anti-Japanese War, the KMT Administration, by means of birthday celebration and the memorial ceremonies of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, reinforced identity of the nation, of the country, of the KMT Party, of the political power, and of the leadership, and strengthened the theme of "Resistance of the Japanese Invasion and construction of the nation". It became an effective way to mobilize the people to join in the war, and an effective exploration of political discourse output, thus demonstrating the increasing maturity of the KMT Party in exercising its power.%全面抗战时期国民政府通过对孙中山诞辰纪念、孙中山逝世纪念等孙中山纪念仪式的运作.强化了民众对中华民族的民族认同、国家认同,对国民党的政党认同,对中华民国的政权认同,对孙中山及蒋介石的领袖认同,并且凸显了“抗战建国”的时代主题,成为国民政府进行抗战动员的一种有效形式.是现代民族国家进行政治话语输出的有效探索,也显示出“党国”在权力技术实践空间的日臻成熟。

  15. 制造舆论:新闻媒介的议程设置作用实证分析———以新华社、美联社北京奥运会开幕式报道为例%Making Consent:Analysis of Agenda_Setting Function ———Taking Xinhua News Agency’s and AP’s Coverage of Beijing Olympic Opening Ceremony as a Case Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小燕; 原平方

    2012-01-01

      The core of agenda_setting theory is to study how public opinion is developed .The two levels of agenda_setting theory indicate that the first level of agenda_setting ,namely object item setting ,aims to attract public attention and make it be acknowledged by the public while the sec-ond ,namely attribute item setting ,aims to define an object and make it be understood and per-ceived .Both levels work on the formation and orientation of public opinion .Based on a case study of the opinion formation and orientation process in Xinhua ’ s and AP’ s coverage of Beijing Olympic Opening Ceremony ,this paper analyzes how the two levels of agenda_setting interact to create the intended public opinion and finally what the major factors are that shape and orient public opinion .%  议程设置理论的中心是社会公众是怎样形成舆论的。议程设置的两个层面理论表明第一层面的客体议程设置主要是吸引公众的注意力,使某一议题由零知觉到显知觉。第二层面的属性议程设置是界定一个议题,引导公众具体地理解和感知这一议题。两个层面都对舆论的形成和导向产生作用。本文以实证分析论证了议程设置的两个层面是如何相互作用产生舆论以及制造舆论导向的最终决定因素。

  16. Normative sexual behavior in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedrich, W N; Grambsch, P; Broughton, D; Kuiper, J; Beilke, R L

    1991-09-01

    A large-scale, community-based survey was done to assess the frequency of a wide variety of sexual behaviors in normal preadolescent children and to measure the relationship of these behaviors to age, gender, and socioeconomic and family variables. A sample of 880 2- through 12-year-old children screened to exclude those with a history of sexual abuse were rated by their mothers using several questionnaire measures. The frequency of different behaviors varied widely, with more aggressive sexual behaviors and behaviors imitative of adults being rare. Older children (both boys and girls) were less sexual than younger children. Sexuality was found to be related to the level of general behavior problems, as measured by the Achenbach Internalizing and Externalizing T scores and to a measure of family nudity. It was not related to socioeconomic variables. PMID:1881723

  17. Behavioral Economics: Past, Present, Future

    OpenAIRE

    Camerer, Colin F.; Loewenstein, George

    2003-01-01

    Behavioral economics increases the explanatory power of economics by providing it with more realistic psychological foundations. This book consists of representative recent articles in behavioral economics. This chapter is intended to provide an introduction to the approach and methods of behavioral economics, and to some of its major findings, applications, and promising new directions. It also seeks to fill some unavoidable gaps in the chapters’ coverage of topics.

  18. Extinction, Relapse, and Behavioral Momentum

    OpenAIRE

    Podlesnik, Christopher A; Shahan, Timothy A

    2010-01-01

    Previous experiments on behavioral momentum have shown that relative resistance to extinction of operant behavior in the presence of a discriminative stimulus depends upon the baseline rate or magnitude of reinforcement associated with that stimulus (i.e., the Pavlovian stimulus–reinforcer relation). Recently, we have shown that relapse of operant behavior in reinstatement, resurgence, and context renewal preparations also is a function of baseline stimulus–reinforcer relations. In this paper...

  19. Hormones, genes, and behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Pfaff, Donald W.

    1997-01-01

    With assays of hormone-sensitive behaviors, it is possible to demonstrate both direct and indirect actions of genes on mammalian social behaviors. Direct effects of estrogen receptor gene expression and progesterone receptor gene expression figure prominently in well analyzed neuroendocrine mechanisms for sex behavior, operating through a neural circuit that has been delineated. Indirect effects, notably the consequences of sexual differentiation, display complex d...

  20. Behavioral Economics: A Maverick Guide

    OpenAIRE

    Hugh Schwartz

    2014-01-01

    These are the notes from the first half of a course in behavioral economics offered in Uruguay in November 2014. This part of the course, entirely verbal, was aimed at outlining the essentials of behavioral economics. The principal assignments were from the second edition of Edward Cartwright’s Behavioral Economics. The second part of the course, taught by Dr. Martin Egozcue, is not included. It emphasized prospect theory, mental accounts and inter-temporal decision making, and featured subst...

  1. Motivation of Online Buyer Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Svatošová Veronika

    2013-01-01

    Buyer behavior of consumers plays one of the key roles in fulfillment of the main goals of a company. It is influenced by many external and internal factors but the company can also influence the final process of buyer decision-making process significantly by its activities. The subject matter of this article is an analysis of the features of online buyer behavior compared to the general regularities of buyer behavior, definition of the main motives of online shopping, and description of the ...

  2. Neuroscientific Measures of Covert Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Ortu, Daniele

    2012-01-01

    In radical behaviorism, the difference between overt and covert responses does not depend on properties of the behavior but on the sensitivity of the measurement tools employed by the experimenter. Current neuroscientific research utilizes technologies that allow measurement of variables that are undetected by the tools typically used by behavior analysts. Data from a specific neuroscientific technique, event-related potential (ERP), suggest that emission of otherwise covert responses can be ...

  3. Economic Behavior of Restaurant Tipping

    OpenAIRE

    Tin-Chun Lin

    2007-01-01

    This paper offers a thoughtful discussion of social norms and alternative economic viewpoints and analysis of restaurant tipping behavior. A survey of Louisiana residents was conducted to collect public opinions about tipping. The analysis suggests that social norms are indeed the primary reason for diner tipping. As long as consumer behavior is guided by social norms, social norms will costs for diners. The conclusion suggests that if customer's tipping behavior were completely guided by soc...

  4. Effective strategies for behavior change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Mary Thoesen; Pasternak, Ryan H

    2012-06-01

    Strategies that are most effective in both prevention and management of chronic disease consider factors such as age, ethnicity, community, and technology. Most behavioral change strategies derive their components from application of the health belief model, the theory of reasoned action/theory of planned behavior, transtheoretical model, and social cognitive theory. Many tools such as the readiness ruler and personalized action plan form are available to assist health care teams to facilitate healthy behavior change. Primary care providers can support behavior changes by providing venues for peer interventions and family meetings and by making new partnerships with community organizations. PMID:22608867

  5. Bosonic behavior of entangled fermions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    C. Tichy, Malte; Alexander Bouvrie, Peter; Mølmer, Klaus

    2012-01-01

    Two bound, entangled fermions form a composite boson, which can be treated as an elementary boson as long as the Pauli principle does not affect the behavior of many such composite bosons. The departure of ideal bosonic behavior is quantified by the normalization ratio of multi-composite-boson st......Two bound, entangled fermions form a composite boson, which can be treated as an elementary boson as long as the Pauli principle does not affect the behavior of many such composite bosons. The departure of ideal bosonic behavior is quantified by the normalization ratio of multi...

  6. Effective strategies for behavior change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Mary Thoesen; Pasternak, Ryan H

    2012-06-01

    Strategies that are most effective in both prevention and management of chronic disease consider factors such as age, ethnicity, community, and technology. Most behavioral change strategies derive their components from application of the health belief model, the theory of reasoned action/theory of planned behavior, transtheoretical model, and social cognitive theory. Many tools such as the readiness ruler and personalized action plan form are available to assist health care teams to facilitate healthy behavior change. Primary care providers can support behavior changes by providing venues for peer interventions and family meetings and by making new partnerships with community organizations.

  7. Parent Behavior Importance and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaires: Psychometric Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mowder, Barbara A.; Sanders, Michelle

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the psychometric characteristics of two parenting measures: the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire (PBIQ) and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire (PBFQ). Both research questionnaires are based on the parent development theory (PDT) and offer parent as well as non-parent respondents the opportunity to rate 38 parenting…

  8. Behavioral assessment in youth sports: coaching behaviors and children's attitudes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, R E; Zane, N W; Smoll, F L; Coppel, D B

    1983-01-01

    To define the characteristics and dimensional patterning of coaching behaviors, 15,449 behaviors of 31 youth basketball coaches were coded in terms of a 10-category system. Post-season attitude and self-esteem data were obtained from players on 23 teams and were related to the behavioral measures. Compared with rates of reinforcement, encouragement, and technical instruction, punitive responses occurred relatively infrequently. Factor analysis of the coaching behaviors indicated that supportive and punitive behavioral dimensions were orthogonal or statistically independent of one another rather than opposite ends of the same dimension. Punitive and instructional categories were part of the same behavior cluster. The relationship between coaching behaviors and the various player attitudes were highly specific in nature. Coaching behaviors accounted for about half of the variance in post-season attitudes toward the coach and the sport, but for significantly less variance in measures of team solidarity and self-esteem. Surprisingly, the rate of positive reinforcement was unrelated to any of the attitudinal measures. Punishment was negatively related to liking for the coach. In general, technical instruction categories were the strongest predictors of basketball player attitudes. PMID:6621307

  9. The Attitude-Behavior Linkage in Behavioral Cascades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedkin, Noah E.

    2010-01-01

    The assumption that individual behavior has an antecedent evaluative foundation is an important component of theories in sociology, psychology, political science, and economics. In its simplest form, the antecedent evaluation is a positive or negative attitude toward an object that may affect an individual's object-related behavior. This attitude…

  10. Cognition, behavior, and the experimental analysis of behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimp, C P

    1984-11-01

    A case history illustrates how one research program in the experimental analysis of behavior evolved somewhat differently from the modal research program represented in this journal. A chief issue that seems to be responsible for this difference is the role attributed to theory in behavioral research: Skinner's views on the nature and function of theory and on the nature of observation combine to produce a certain kind of picture of behavior. The classic conception of reinforcement contingencies is tied to this particular picture. But this picture may be incompatible with, and certainly is different from, other possible pictures. Reinforcement contingencies that place greater emphasis on the local temporal patterning of behavior seem tied to some of these alternative pictures of what behavior is. These other pictures encourage a wide range of theoretical approaches, including cognitive ones, various kinds of mathematical analyses, and computer-simulation methods to characterize entire behavior streams. In the future, perhaps the experimental analysis of behavior will accept a somewhat different range of views on the nature and function of theory, a correspondingly different set of experimental methods, and alternative ways of talking about behavior. PMID:16812399

  11. A STUDY OF THE INVESTMENT BEHAVIOR BASED ON BEHAVIORAL FINANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Zhang

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Behavior finance introduces psychology, sociology and other research methods into the study of investment behavior to explain how investors handle the information and take actions. This paper presents the literatures as theoretical solutions to the market anomalies of the traditional market theories. The behavioral psychology is examined through the study on the questionnaire of Chinese security investors. The results show that the investors are not always adopt rational behaviors as traditional finance theory assumed, but make a lot of irrational decisions based on individual cognitive and prejudices, even institutional investors often show the characteristic of irrational. In the guidance of the behavioral finance theory, the research will be closer to the reality and give more significant insight to the selection of investment strategy and psychology characteristic used to explain market anomalies.

  12. Heat pipe dynamic behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Issacci, F.; Roche, G. L.; Klein, D. B.; Catton, I.

    1988-01-01

    The vapor flow in a heat pipe was mathematically modeled and the equations governing the transient behavior of the core were solved numerically. The modeled vapor flow is transient, axisymmetric (or two-dimensional) compressible viscous flow in a closed chamber. The two methods of solution are described. The more promising method failed (a mixed Galerkin finite difference method) whereas a more common finite difference method was successful. Preliminary results are presented showing that multi-dimensional flows need to be treated. A model of the liquid phase of a high temperature heat pipe was developed. The model is intended to be coupled to a vapor phase model for the complete solution of the heat pipe problem. The mathematical equations are formulated consistent with physical processes while allowing a computationally efficient solution. The model simulates time dependent characteristics of concern to the liquid phase including input phase change, output heat fluxes, liquid temperatures, container temperatures, liquid velocities, and liquid pressure. Preliminary results were obtained for two heat pipe startup cases. The heat pipe studied used lithium as the working fluid and an annular wick configuration. Recommendations for implementation based on the results obtained are presented. Experimental studies were initiated using a rectangular heat pipe. Both twin beam laser holography and laser Doppler anemometry were investigated. Preliminary experiments were completed and results are reported.

  13. Depression, Pain, and Pain Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keefe, Francis J.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Examined the degree to which depression predicted pain and pain behavior. The Beck Depression Inventory was administered to 207 low back pain patients. Depression and physical findings were the most important predictors of pain and pain behavior. Depression proved significant even after controlling for important demographic and medical status…

  14. Substance abuse and criminal behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradford, J M; Greenberg, D M; Motayne, G G

    1992-09-01

    As forensic psychiatry develops as a clinical subspecialty, clinical skill in understanding, treating, and predicting violent behavior will become more important. This article addresses the importance of understanding the relationship between substance abuse and violent behavior. This article also discusses morbidity and mortality in substance abuse, the demographics of substance abuse and criminality, and the clinical aspects of the forensic psychiatric evaluation.

  15. Environmental Attitude and Ecological Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Florian G.; And Others

    This paper establishes environmental attitude, a construct in environmental psychology, as a powerful predictor of ecological behavior. Based on Ajzen's theory of planned behavior, this study uses a unified concept of attitude and a probabilistic measurement approach. Questionnaire data from members of two ideologically different Swiss…

  16. Suicidal Behavior among Early Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gover, F. Jill

    There is a great deal of concern about teenage suicide. This study obtained a prevalence rate of suicidal behaviors among non-psychiatric early adolescents (ages 11-16) and investigated personal and family variables that may characterize the young teenagers who report varying degrees of suicidal behavior. A self-report questionnaire was…

  17. Common Issues in Professional Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janosik, Steven M.

    2007-01-01

    Most conversations about ethics and professional behavior involve case studies and hypothetical situations. This study identifies and examines the most common concerns in professional behavior as reported by 303 student affairs practitioners in the field. Differences by gender, years of experience, organizational level, institutional type, and…

  18. Anticipated affect and behavioral choice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Richard; J. van der Pligt; N.K. de Vries

    1996-01-01

    Most research on the impact of affect on attitudes and behavior emphasizes the effect of past and present affective reactions. In this article we focus on anticipated, postbehavioral, affective reactions. The influence of anticipated affective reactions on a number of behaviors was investigated in t

  19. Logic, reasoning, and verbal behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Terrell, Dudley J.; Johnston, J M

    1989-01-01

    This paper analyzes the traditional concepts of logic and reasoning from the perspective of radical behaviorism and in the terms of Skinner's treatment of verbal behavior. The topics covered in this analysis include the proposition, premises and conclusions, logicality and rules, and deductive and inductive reasoning.

  20. Analyzing and modeling heterogeneous behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Zhiting; Wu, Xiaoqing; He, Dongyue; Zhu, Qiang; Ni, Jixiang

    2016-05-01

    Recently, it was pointed out that the non-Poisson statistics with heavy tail existed in many scenarios of human behaviors. But most of these studies claimed that power-law characterized diverse aspects of human mobility patterns. In this paper, we suggest that human behavior may not be driven by identical mechanisms and can be modeled as a Semi-Markov Modulated Process. To verify our suggestion and model, we analyzed a total of 1,619,934 records of library visitations (including undergraduate and graduate students). It is found that the distribution of visitation intervals is well fitted with three sections of lines instead of the traditional power law distribution in log-log scale. The results confirm that some human behaviors cannot be simply expressed as power law or any other simple functions. At the same time, we divided the data into groups and extracted period bursty events. Through careful analysis in different groups, we drew a conclusion that aggregate behavior might be composed of heterogeneous behaviors, and even the behaviors of the same type tended to be different in different period. The aggregate behavior is supposed to be formed by "heterogeneous groups". We performed a series of experiments. Simulation results showed that we just needed to set up two states Semi-Markov Modulated Process to construct proper representation of heterogeneous behavior.

  1. Anticipated affect and behavioral choice.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Richard; J. van der Pligt; N.K. de Vries

    1996-01-01

    Most research on the impact of affect on attitudes and behavior emphasizes the effect of past and present affective reactions. In this article we focus on anticipated, postbehavioral, affective reactions. The influence of anticipated affective reactions on a number of behaviors was investigated in t

  2. A Behavioral Conceptualization of Aphasia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Jonathan C.; LeBlanc, Linda A.; Raetz, Paige B.

    2008-01-01

    Aphasia is an acquired language impairment that affects over 1 million individuals, the majority of whom are over age 65 (Groher, 1989). This disorder has typically been conceptualized within a cognitive neuroscience framework, but a behavioral interpretation of aphasia is also possible. Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior proposes a…

  3. Genes, Environment, and Human Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloom, Mark V.; Cutter, Mary Ann; Davidson, Ronald; Dougherty, Michael J.; Drexler, Edward; Gelernter, Joel; McCullough, Laurence B.; McInerney, Joseph D.; Murray, Jeffrey C.; Vogler, George P.; Zola, John

    This curriculum module explores genes, environment, and human behavior. This book provides materials to teach about the nature and methods of studying human behavior, raise some of the ethical and public policy dilemmas emerging from the Human Genome Project, and provide professional development for teachers. An extensive Teacher Background…

  4. Behavioral Consultation: Theory and Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Michael L.

    1978-01-01

    This model examines the theory, clinical process, and intervention techniques of behavioral consultation in educational and medical settings. Behavioral consultation requires empirical validation of intervention. It also holds the counselee accountable for consultations. The consultant has many techniques, but must be sensitive to interaction…

  5. [Behavioral treatment for chronic insomnia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, Yoshiko; Yamagami, Toshiko

    2002-01-01

    The efficacy of non-pharmacological intervention for chronic insomnia has been proven by several meta-analytic reviews, an NIH report, an American Academy of Sleep Medicine review, and numerous clinical trials. Behavior therapy for chronic insomnia consists of relaxation, stimulus control, sleep restriction, cognitive restructuring and sleep hygiene education, which has produced reliable and durable changes in total sleep time, sleep onset latency, number and duration of awakening. These studies also showed that the post-treatment effect of behavior therapy is equal to that of hypnotic therapy, and that these effects were maintained for 6 months on follow-up assessment. Elderly insomniac patients would gain considerable benefit from behavioral treatments because there are no adverse physical effects as there are from pharmacological therapy. The authors present the basic theory, techniques of behavior therapy for insomnia, and the results of two important key meta-analytic reviews. Any behavioral approach such as convenient education, self-care enhancement by bibliotherapy, and individual face-to-face counseling, seem to be fruitful not only for American but also Japanese insomnia patients. Nonetheless, there are no currently actual intervention studies using behavior therapy in Japan. We have discussed the methodology of intervention study and published a behavioral self-help manual for people with sleep problems. Development of a behavioral approach to chronic insomnia seemed to be very beneficial and a useful contribution to mental health services. PMID:12373807

  6. Tax evasion under behavioral structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela S. Pantoja

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We study the strategic interactions between the fiscal authority and the taxpayer regarding tax evasion and auditing. We fit this interaction into a Bayesian game and introduce the concept of behavioral consistency, which helps reducing the number of available strategies and models the stylized fact according to which the choice to evade is subject to behavioral patterns.

  7. Attachment, caring and prosocial behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erez, Ayelet

    2007-01-01

    The thesis focuses on 5 studies examining the role of adult attachment in volunteering by defining volunteerism as a form of caregiving. By that we suggest an effect of one behavioral system, attachment, on another, caring or prosocial behaviors in individual or group settings. Studies 1 and 2 ex

  8. Quantifying Aggressive Behavior in Zebrafish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teles, Magda C; Oliveira, Rui F

    2016-01-01

    Aggression is a complex behavior that influences social relationships and can be seen as adaptive or maladaptive depending on the context and intensity of expression. A model organism suitable for genetic dissection of the underlying neural mechanisms of aggressive behavior is still needed. Zebrafish has already proven to be a powerful vertebrate model organism for the study of normal and pathological brain function. Despite the fact that zebrafish is a gregarious species that forms shoals, when allowed to interact in pairs, both males and females express aggressive behavior and establish dominance hierarchies. Here, we describe two protocols that can be used to quantify aggressive behavior in zebrafish, using two different paradigms: (1) staged fights between real opponents and (2) mirror-elicited fights. We also discuss the methodology for the behavior analysis, the expected results for both paradigms, and the advantages and disadvantages of each paradigm in face of the specific goals of the study. PMID:27464816

  9. Pollen processing behavior of Heliconius butterflies: a derived grooming behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hikl, Anna-Laetitia; Krenn, Harald W

    2011-01-01

    Pollen feeding behaviors Heliconius and Laparus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) represent a key innovation that has shaped other life history traits of these neotropical butterflies. Although all flower visiting Lepidoptera regularly come in contact with pollen, only Heliconius and Laparus butterflies actively collect pollen with the proboscis and subsequently take up nutrients from the pollen grains. This study focused on the behavior of pollen processing and compared the movement patterns with proboscis grooming behavior in various nymphalid butterflies using video analysis. The proboscis movements of pollen processing behavior consisted of a lengthy series of repeated coiling and uncoiling movements in a loosely coiled proboscis position combined with up and down movements and the release of saliva. The proboscis-grooming behavior was triggered by contamination of the proboscis in both pollen feeding and non-pollen feeding nymphalid butterflies. Proboscis grooming movements included interrupted series of coiling and uncoiling movements, characteristic sideways movements, proboscis lifting, and occasionally full extension of the proboscis. Discharge of saliva was more pronounced in pollen feeding species than in non-pollen feeding butterfly species. We conclude that the pollen processing behavior of Heliconius and Laparus is a modified proboscis grooming behavior that originally served to clean the proboscis after contamination with particles.

  10. Rattlesnake strike behavior: kinematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kardong; v

    1998-03-01

    The predatory behavior of rattlesnakes includes many distinctive preparatory phases leading to an extremely rapid strike, during which venom is injected. The rodent prey is then rapidly released, removing the snake's head from retaliation by the prey. The quick action of the venom makes possible the recovery of the dispatched prey during the ensuing poststrike period. The strike is usually completed in less than 0.5 s, placing a premium on an accurate strike that produces no significant errors in fang placement that could result in poor envenomation and subsequent loss of the prey. To clarify the basis for effective strike performance, we examined the basic kinematics of the rapid strike using high-speed film analysis. We scored numerous strike variables. Four major results were obtained. (1) Neurosensory control of the strike is based primarily upon sensory inputs via the eyes and facial pits to launch the strike, and upon tactile stimuli after contact. Correction for errors in targeting occurs not by a change in strike trajectory, but by fang repositioning after the jaws have made contact with the prey. (2) The rattlesnake strike is based upon great versatility and variation in recruitment of body segments and body postures. (3) Forces generated during acceleration of the head are transferred to posterior body sections to decelerate the head before contact with the prey, thereby reducing impact forces upon the snake's jaws. (4) Body acceleration is based on two patterns of body displacement, one in which acute sections of the body open like a gate, the other in which body segments flow around postural curves similar to movements seen during locomotion. There is one major implication of these results: recruitment of body segments, launch postures and kinematic features of the strike may be quite varied from strike to strike, but the overall predatory success of each strike by a rattlesnake is very consistent.

  11. The behavioral economics of violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachlin, Howard

    2004-12-01

    From the viewpoint of teleological behaviorism the first question to ask in attempting to understand any behavior, including violent behavior, is: What are its contingencies of reward and punishment? Or, to put the question in economic terms: What are the short-term and long-term costs and benefits that such behavior entails? Let us therefore consider the costs and benefits of youth violence. Among the short-term costs of violent behavior are the physical effort of the act, the possibility of immediate physical retaliation, immediate social disapproval, and the opportunity cost of other social acts that the violent behavior takes the place of (you can't be affectionate and violent at the same time, for instance). Among the immediate benefits of violent behavior are the intrinsic satisfaction of the violent act itself and any extrinsic benefit; if A violently appropriates B's new sneakers then obtaining the sneakers reinforces A's violence. These immediate benefits may well outweigh the costs in many contexts. Among the long-term costs of violent behavior are delayed retaliation, possible social disapproval and loss of social support, rejection from a social group, job loss, and health risks associated with a violent lifestyle. Among the long-term benefits are long-term intimidation of others (your neighbor is less likely to build a fence on your property if you have a reputation for violence), and a possibly exciting lifestyle. These long-term benefits may well be outweighed by the long-term costs. Opposition of long-term net costs to short-term net benefits, where it exists, creates a personal self-control trap: Overall satisfaction may decrease monotonically with rate of the target behavior but, regardless of its rate, the immediate satisfaction of doing it is always higher than that of not doing it. In the case of violent behavior, this trap is exacerbated by the fact that as a person's violence increases, net immediate reinforcement also increases (due to

  12. Behavior genetics: past, present, future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaffee, Sara R; Price, Thomas S; Reyes, Teresa M

    2013-11-01

    The disciplines of developmental psychopathology and behavior genetics are concerned with many of the same questions about the etiology and course of normal and abnormal behavior and about the factors that promote typical development despite the presence of risk. The goal of this paper is to summarize how research in behavior genetics has shed light on questions that are central to developmental psychopathology. We briefly review the origins of behavior genetics, summarize the findings that have been gleaned from several decades of quantitative and molecular genetics research, and describe future directions for research that will delineate gene function as well as pathways from genes to brain to behavior. The importance of environmental contributions, at both genetic and epigenetic levels, will be discussed. We conclude that behavior genetics has made significant contributions to developmental psychopathology by documenting the interplay among risk and protective factors at multiple levels of the organism, by clarifying the causal status of risk exposures, and by identifying factors that account for change and stability in psychopathology. As the tools to identify gene function become increasingly sophisticated, and as behavioral geneticists become increasingly interdisciplinary in their scope, the field is poised to make ever greater contributions to our understanding of typical and atypical development.

  13. Behavioral interventions for office-based care: behavior change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delfino, Matthew; Larzelere, Michele McCarthy

    2014-03-01

    Family physicians play an important role in identifying and treating the behavioral etiologies of morbidity and mortality. Changing behavior is a challenging process that begins with identifying a patient's readiness to change. Interventions, such as motivational interviewing, are used to increase a patient's desire to change, and cognitive behavioral therapy can be initiated to increase a patient's likelihood of change, particularly if barriers are identified. After patients embark on change, family physicians are uniquely positioned to connect them to self-help programs, more intensive psychotherapy, and newer technology-based support programs, and to provide repeated, brief, positive reinforcement. Specific behavioral interventions that can be effective include computerized smoking cessation programs; electronic reminders and support delivered by family physicians or other clinicians for weight loss; linkage to community-based programs for seniors; increased length and demands of in-school programs to support exercise participation by children; and access reduction education to prevent firearm injury. PMID:24628011

  14. Compulsive Buying Behavior: Clinical Comparison with Other Behavioral Addictions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granero, Roser; Fernández-Aranda, Fernando; Mestre-Bach, Gemma; Steward, Trevor; Baño, Marta; Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Amparo; Moragas, Laura; Mallorquí-Bagué, Núria; Aymamí, Neus; Gómez-Peña, Mónica; Tárrega, Salomé; Menchón, José M; Jiménez-Murcia, Susana

    2016-01-01

    Compulsive buying behavior (CBB) has been recognized as a prevalent mental health disorder, yet its categorization into classification systems remains unsettled. The objective of this study was to assess the sociodemographic and clinic variables related to the CBB phenotype compared to other behavioral addictions. Three thousand three hundred and twenty four treatment-seeking patients were classified in five groups: CBB, sexual addiction, Internet gaming disorder, Internet addiction, and gambling disorder. CBB was characterized by a higher proportion of women, higher levels of psychopathology, and higher levels in the personality traits of novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, persistence, and cooperativeness compared to other behavioral addictions. Results outline the heterogeneity in the clinical profiles of patients diagnosed with different behavioral addiction subtypes and shed new light on the primary mechanisms of CBB. PMID:27378999

  15. Offering Behavioral Assistance to Latino Students Demonstrating Challenging Behaviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo Moreno

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Challenging behaviors can significantly alter the learning environment of any classroom. Traditionally, schools have implemented practices that remove the offending student from the classroom, deliver punitive disciplinary actions, or refer the student to special education evaluation. Unfortunately, such practices have demonstrated little longitudinal effectiveness, with detrimental outcomes for the referred student, particularly students from Latino backgrounds. With enrollment projections indicating Latinos will become the majority in U.S. schools, educators are presented with the opportunity to shift away from past practices and implement evidence-based practices that concurrently assist students while addressing challenging behaviors. In this paper, the authors discuss past disciplinary practices, the adverse effects on Latino students, and offer recommendations on implementing functional behavioral assessment as a means to better meet the needs of Latino students demonstrating challenging behaviors.

  16. Compulsive Buying Behavior: Clinical Comparison with Other Behavioral Addictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granero, Roser; Fernández-Aranda, Fernando; Mestre-Bach, Gemma; Steward, Trevor; Baño, Marta; del Pino-Gutiérrez, Amparo; Moragas, Laura; Mallorquí-Bagué, Núria; Aymamí, Neus; Gómez-Peña, Mónica; Tárrega, Salomé; Menchón, José M.; Jiménez-Murcia, Susana

    2016-01-01

    Compulsive buying behavior (CBB) has been recognized as a prevalent mental health disorder, yet its categorization into classification systems remains unsettled. The objective of this study was to assess the sociodemographic and clinic variables related to the CBB phenotype compared to other behavioral addictions. Three thousand three hundred and twenty four treatment-seeking patients were classified in five groups: CBB, sexual addiction, Internet gaming disorder, Internet addiction, and gambling disorder. CBB was characterized by a higher proportion of women, higher levels of psychopathology, and higher levels in the personality traits of novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, persistence, and cooperativeness compared to other behavioral addictions. Results outline the heterogeneity in the clinical profiles of patients diagnosed with different behavioral addiction subtypes and shed new light on the primary mechanisms of CBB. PMID:27378999

  17. Research on Container Behaviors Protocol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    With the development of middleware technology, there are some new features to be adopted on demand in middleware platform based on container component. Aiming at the adaptation of middleware platform, from the nature of component container, this paper begins with behaviors features of EJB (Enterprise Java Bean) container, extracts general behaviors protocol of container, and defines its formal behaviors specification. In the end, the interactive relationship of components is described by WRIGHT language, and the configuration of whole system is shown. The method proposed in this paper mines the hidden features of framework of component container, and applies to refactor middleware platform in reflection and aspect-oriented programming technology.

  18. Patterns of Individual Shopping Behavior

    CERN Document Server

    Krumme, Coco; Pentland, Alex

    2010-01-01

    Much of economic theory is built on observations of aggregate, rather than individual, behavior. Here, we present novel findings on human shopping patterns at the resolution of a single purchase. Our results suggest that much of our seemingly elective activity is actually driven by simple routines. While the interleaving of shopping events creates randomness at the small scale, on the whole consumer behavior is largely predictable. We also examine income-dependent differences in how people shop, and find that wealthy individuals are more likely to bundle shopping trips. These results validate previous work on mobility from cell phone data, while describing the unpredictability of behavior at higher resolution.

  19. Brain and Behavior: a Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivera Urbina, Guadalupe N.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The contribution of many scientific disciplines allows us to know surprising aspects of the relationship between the brain and its functions. Current technology and the convergence of these disciplines are essential to understand the complex brain mechanisms underlying behavior. In this paper will be described some scientific disciplines whose studies help to understand the biological substrates of normal and altered behavior. We will describe some pathologies or neuropsychological disorders and, in addition, we will review some of the known neurobiological mechanisms that control our brain functions. This allows us to conclude that the behavior and brain functions depend on complex biological mechanisms, many of which are still to be elucidated.

  20. [Behavior therapy in older adults].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junkers, G

    1981-01-01

    Behavior therapy has up to now, only been applied to a limited degree to elderly people. Operant learning paradigma receive special meaning within the framework of intervention as well as theoretical explanation. Publications will be presented for the areas of social behavior, self care, motoric ability etc. according to their different techniques. It is remarkable that interest has only focused institutionalized elderly people with a high degree of incapacitation. In the following discussion the necessity for stronger consideration of the newer behavioral approach as well the latest developments in gerontology will be made clear. PMID:7222914

  1. Terrorism and the behavioral sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schouten, Ronald

    2010-01-01

    Terrorism has existed for millennia and is a phenomenon well-known to many parts of the world. Americans were forced to recognize this phenomenon, and our vulnerability to it, by two sets of events in 2001: the attacks on New York City and Washington, DC, and the anthrax mailings that followed shortly thereafter. Psychiatry, psychology, and other behavioral and social sciences have been looked to for assistance in collecting and analyzing intelligence data, understanding terrorism, and developing strategies to combat terrorism. In addition to reviewing areas in which the behavioral sciences have made contributions in addressing this problem, this article discusses the developing roles for behavioral scientists in this field.

  2. [Behavior therapy in older adults].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junkers, G

    1981-01-01

    Behavior therapy has up to now, only been applied to a limited degree to elderly people. Operant learning paradigma receive special meaning within the framework of intervention as well as theoretical explanation. Publications will be presented for the areas of social behavior, self care, motoric ability etc. according to their different techniques. It is remarkable that interest has only focused institutionalized elderly people with a high degree of incapacitation. In the following discussion the necessity for stronger consideration of the newer behavioral approach as well the latest developments in gerontology will be made clear.

  3. Infant behaviors influence mothers' provision of responsive and directive behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, Carrie A; Masur, Elise Frank

    2014-08-01

    Mother-infant interactions are important to infant development because they are predictive of infants' social, cognitive, and language development (Lamb, Bornstein, & Teti, 2002; Tamis-LeMonda, Bornstein, & Baumwell, 2001). Because maternal responsive and directive behaviors are associated with differential infant outcomes, it is important to investigate influences on mothers' provision of responsive and directive behaviors. Yet, the dyadic interaction literature is predominantly unidirectional from maternal behavior to infant outcomes. Therefore, the current study examined infant initiating behaviors and consequent maternal responses in a sample of 26 13-month-old infants and their mothers, videotaped during 5 min of free-play. Findings revealed that infants produced a variety of initiatives, and that these different infant initiatives prompted differential patterns of maternal responsive versus directive behaviors. Further, results of analyses of divergent types of maternal directive behaviors - Responsive Directives, ReDirectives, and Intrusive Directives - also may help clarify major discrepancies in the current literature regarding the positive and negative effects of maternal directiveness.

  4. Behavioral variability in an evolutionary theory of behavior dynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popa, Andrei; McDowell, J J

    2016-03-01

    McDowell's evolutionary theory of behavior dynamics (McDowell, 2004) instantiates populations of behaviors (abstractly represented by integers) that evolve under the selection pressure of the environment in the form of positive reinforcement. Each generation gives rise to the next via low-level Darwinian processes of selection, recombination, and mutation. The emergent patterns can be analyzed and compared to those produced by biological organisms. The purpose of this project was to explore the effects of high mutation rates on behavioral variability in environments that arranged different reinforcer rates and magnitudes. Behavioral variability increased with the rate of mutation. High reinforcer rates and magnitudes reduced these effects; low reinforcer rates and magnitudes augmented them. These results are in agreement with live-organism research on behavioral variability. Various combinations of mutation rates, reinforcer rates, and reinforcer magnitudes produced similar high-level outcomes (equifinality). These findings suggest that the independent variables that describe an experimental condition interact; that is, they do not influence behavior independently. These conclusions have implications for the interpretation of high levels of variability, mathematical undermatching, and the matching theory. The last part of the discussion centers on a potential biological counterpart for the rate of mutation, namely spontaneous fluctuations in the brain's default mode network. PMID:27002687

  5. Disordered Money Behaviors: Development of the Klontz Money Behavior Inventory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brad T Klontz

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Much of the existing literature on financial behavior focuses on basic money management tasks (e.g., balancing a checkbook. However, it can be equally important to identify problematic financial behaviors that can sabotage one’s financial health. The purpose of this study was to create an assessment tool that can be used by mental health and financial professionals to identify disordered money behaviors that may impede on progress towards one’s financial goals. This study asked 422 respondents to indicate their agreement with disordered money behaviors, including compulsive buying, pathological gambling, compulsive hoarding, workaholism, financial enabling, financial dependence, financial denial, and financial enmeshment, which were correlated with demographic characteristics and financial outcomes. The results identified eight subscales derived from 68 disordered money behavior items. All eight subscales were found to have high reliability in measuring disordered behaviors, and six were associated with negative financial health indicators (e.g. less net worth, less income, and/or more revolving credit.

  6. Behavioral variability in an evolutionary theory of behavior dynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popa, Andrei; McDowell, J J

    2016-03-01

    McDowell's evolutionary theory of behavior dynamics (McDowell, 2004) instantiates populations of behaviors (abstractly represented by integers) that evolve under the selection pressure of the environment in the form of positive reinforcement. Each generation gives rise to the next via low-level Darwinian processes of selection, recombination, and mutation. The emergent patterns can be analyzed and compared to those produced by biological organisms. The purpose of this project was to explore the effects of high mutation rates on behavioral variability in environments that arranged different reinforcer rates and magnitudes. Behavioral variability increased with the rate of mutation. High reinforcer rates and magnitudes reduced these effects; low reinforcer rates and magnitudes augmented them. These results are in agreement with live-organism research on behavioral variability. Various combinations of mutation rates, reinforcer rates, and reinforcer magnitudes produced similar high-level outcomes (equifinality). These findings suggest that the independent variables that describe an experimental condition interact; that is, they do not influence behavior independently. These conclusions have implications for the interpretation of high levels of variability, mathematical undermatching, and the matching theory. The last part of the discussion centers on a potential biological counterpart for the rate of mutation, namely spontaneous fluctuations in the brain's default mode network.

  7. Information: theory, brain, and behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Greg; Ward, Ryan D; Balsam, Peter D

    2013-11-01

    In the 65 years since its formal specification, information theory has become an established statistical paradigm, providing powerful tools for quantifying probabilistic relationships. Behavior analysis has begun to adopt these tools as a novel means of measuring the interrelations between behavior, stimuli, and contingent outcomes. This approach holds great promise for making more precise determinations about the causes of behavior and the forms in which conditioning may be encoded by organisms. In addition to providing an introduction to the basics of information theory, we review some of the ways that information theory has informed the studies of Pavlovian conditioning, operant conditioning, and behavioral neuroscience. In addition to enriching each of these empirical domains, information theory has the potential to act as a common statistical framework by which results from different domains may be integrated, compared, and ultimately unified.

  8. Classification systems for stalking behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Racine, Christopher; Billick, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    Stalking is a complex behavioral phenomenon that is unique in that it necessarily involves a prolonged dyadic relationship between both a perpetrator and a victim. Since criminalization of stalking behavior in the 1990s, different conceptual typologies have attempted to classify this behavior to assess risk and aid in management decisions. The authors reviewed the current literature regarding the most recent and accepted stalking classification systems. The three predominant stalker typologies currently in use include Zona's stalker-victim types, Mullen's stalker typology, and the RECON stalker typology. Of these, the RECON classification system alone was developed in an attempt to separate stalkers into groups based on previously known risk factors for behaviorally based phenomenon such as propensity for violence. Understanding and simplifying these classification systems may enhance the potential that new research will lead to evidence-based management and treatment strategies in the stalking situation. PMID:23980606

  9. Dementia - behavior and sleep problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000029.htm Dementia - behavior and sleep problems To use the sharing ... on this page, please enable JavaScript. People with dementia often have certain problems when it gets dark ...

  10. OLFACTION: ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    The anatomy, physiology and function of the olfactory system are reviewed, as are the normal effects of olfactory stimulation. It is speculated that olfaction may have important but unobtrusive effects on human behavior.

  11. Obesity and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulay Oguz

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Today, obesity is a public health problem with significant negative effects on mortality and morbidity rates in developing countries, and impact on all levels of the society. In recent years cognitive behavioral therapy approach has been considered as an important part of the obesity treatment. Behavioral therapy for obesity includes sections like self-monitoring, stimulus control, food control, consolidation and reinforcement, cognitive restructuring, proper nutrition education, increase in physical activity, and behavior contracts. As part of the obesity treatment, combining cognitive-behavioral treatments with lifestyle changes such as increase in physical activity increases effectiveness of the treatment and ensures durability of the achieved weight loss. [Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar - Current Approaches in Psychiatry 2016; 8(2: 133-144

  12. Metabolic Cause of Hyperkinetic Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available An 8-year-old female child with congenital ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD who presented with a hyperkinetic behavior disorder at 3 years is reported from the Medical School Hanover, Germany.

  13. Individualized Behavioral Health Monitoring Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mollicone, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Behavioral health risks during long-duration space exploration missions are among the most difficult to predict, detect, and mitigate. Given the anticipated extended duration of future missions and their isolated, extreme, and confined environments, there is the possibility that behavior conditions and mental disorders will develop among astronaut crew. Pulsar Informatics, Inc., has developed a health monitoring tool that provides a means to detect and address behavioral disorders and mental conditions at an early stage. The tool integrates all available behavioral measures collected during a mission to identify possible health indicator warning signs within the context of quantitatively tracked mission stressors. It is unobtrusive and requires minimal crew time and effort to train and utilize. The monitoring tool can be deployed in space analog environments for validation testing and ultimate deployment in long-duration space exploration missions.

  14. Risk factors for suicidal behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonova A.A.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available

     

    The article presents data on risk factors that contribute to the development of suicidal behavior. The development of suicidal behavior is infuenced by a number of factors. These include — gender, age, residence, occupation, marital status, health status, etc. A number of studies indicated the impact of economic and social factors on the level of suicidal activity of the population. Observed relationship between mental disorders, substance abuse (particularly alcohol and suicide. In this case, the presence of numerous investigations in the feld of Suicidology, a number of problems still remains unsolved. Further study of issues relating to risk factors that infuence the development of suicidal behavior. Of particular note is the importance of “regional” risk factors that most infuence on the formation of suicidal behavior in a particular region.

  15. Behavior of Columns During Earthquakes

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The behavior of columns during earthquakes is very important since column failures may lead to additional structural failures and result in total building...

  16. The Analysis of Identity Construction Function of Interpersonal Meaning in Political Speech---Taking Obama’s Speech in 2013 on the United States Naval Academy Graduation Ceremony as an Example%政治演讲中人际意义的身份建构功能分析--以奥巴马在美国海军学院2013届毕业生毕业典礼上的演讲为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高春慧; 王健坤

    2014-01-01

    人际功能是系统功能语言学的三大元功能之一。本文以韩礼德系统功能语法中人际功能为主要理论,在语气和情态两个子系统的框架内,对奥巴马在海军学院2013届毕业生毕业典礼上的演讲进行了人际意义分析。通过分析发现:在政治演讲中,演讲者多使用陈述语气来阐述信念、表达肯定、树立权威;在情态方面,多使用中高量值情态动词来说服听众以响应自己的号召。借此,演讲者在演讲过程中运用人际功能的手段对自我形象进行有效建构,以实现其政治目的。%The interpersonal function is one of the three metafunctions in systemic functional linguistics .Taking the interpersonal function in Halliday’s systemic functional grammar as a theoretical framework ,this paper analyzes the interpersonal meaning in Obama’s Speech in 2013 on the United States Naval Academy graduation ceremony within the framework of two subsystems --- mood and modality .According to the analysis ,the speaker often adopts indicative mood to demonstrate faith ,express affirmation and build authority in political speech ;and from the perspective of modality ,the speaker usually employs high value modal verbs to persuade the audience to respond to his call .Based on this , the speaker uses the means of interpersonal function in the process of giving a speech to actively realize his identity construction and achieve his political purposes .

  17. Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Counterproductive Work Behavior: Cross-cultural comparisons between Turkey and the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Cem-Ersoy (Nevra)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThis research project explores cultural determinants that facilitate positive employee behavior. In the literature, this behavior is identified as organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). The dissertation also focuses on factors related to counterproductive work behavior (CWB). CWB is

  18. Customer Behavior Clustering Using SVM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Zhongying; Su, Xiaolong

    In order to supply better service for network customers, deeply analyzing customers' behavior is required. This paper extracts three features from customers' network behavior which is divided into different categories, such as browsing news, downloading shared resources and real-time communications etc. Support vector machine is used to perform clustering, thanks to its fast and valid executing, especially in the situation of small datasets. Using the analysis results, we can make our applications and services more personalized and easier to be used.

  19. Automobile Driving and Aggressive Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Novaco, Raymond W.

    1991-01-01

    Automobile driving and aggressive behavior have had an extensive association. Themes of dominance and territoriality have long been part of automobile driving, which has also involved flagrant assaultive actions. Recent episodes of roadway violence in metropolitan areas have raised community concern about aggressive behavior in driving, although common beliefs about why such violence occurs can be seen as pseudoexplanations. Various themes in the psychology of aggression are presented as they...

  20. Russian Consumer Behavior in Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Potapova, Eila

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the thesis is to study consumer behavior of Russian tourists in Finland and to analyze the main factors that are influencing their buying habits. The growing effect of Russians on Finnish market triggered the interest to start this thesis. Theoretical part of the thesis starts with a definition of the consumer and consumer behavior. Segmentation, positioning and targeting are discussed next. Afterwards, segments of Russian consumers are described generally. Empirical study ...

  1. INVESTMENT BEHAVIOR AND ENERGY CONSERVATION

    OpenAIRE

    LaDue, Eddy L.; Miller, Lynn H.; Kwiatkowski, Joseph H.

    1990-01-01

    Binary logit and bivariate probit models were used to investigate the investment behavior of farmers relative to two energy-conserving assets, heat-recovery systems and precoolers. The bivariate probit procedure was useful in correcting for self-selectivity bias. Holdout samples and cross-validation procedures were used to develop true model statistics. Farm size, educational level of the operator, and the type of milking system in use were the important factors influencing investment behavior.

  2. BEHAVIORAL BIASES IN TRADING SECURITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turcan Ciprian Sebastian

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The main thesis of this paper represents the importance and the effects that human behavior has over capital markets. It is important to see the link between the asset valuation and investor sentiment that motivate to pay for an asset a certain prices over/below the intrinsic value. The main behavioral aspects discussed are emotional factors such as: fear of regret, overconfidence, perseverance, loss aversion ,heuristic biases, misinformation and thinking errors, herding and their consequences.

  3. Behavioral assays in environmental toxicology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weiss, B.

    1979-01-01

    Environmental toxicology is too permeated by questions about how the whole organism functions to abandon intact animals as test systems. Behavior does not participate as a single entity or discipline. It ranges across the total spectrum of functional toxicity, from tenuous subjective complaints to subtle sensory and motor disturbances demanding advanced instrumentation for their evaluation. Three facets of behavioral toxicology that illustrate its breadth of interests and potential contributions are discussed.

  4. Behavior Classification Algorithms at Intersections

    OpenAIRE

    Aoude, Georges; Desaraju, Vishnu Rajeswar; Stephens, Lauren H.; How, Jonathan P.

    2011-01-01

    The ability to classify driver behavior lays the foundation for more advanced driver assistance systems. Improving safety at intersections has also been identified as high priority due to the large number of intersection related fatalities. This paper focuses on developing algorithms for estimating driver behavior at road intersections. It introduces two classes of algorithms that can classify drivers as compliant or violating. They are based on 1) Support Vector Machines (SVM) and 2) Hidden ...

  5. Editorial behaviors in peer review

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Wei; Kong, Xiangjie; Jun ZHANG; Chen, Zhen; Xia, Feng; Wang, Xianwen

    2016-01-01

    Editors play a critical role in the peer review system. How do editorial behaviors affect the performance of peer review? No quantitative model to date allows us to measure the influence of editorial behaviors on different peer review stages such as, manuscript distribution and final decision making. Here, we propose an agent-based model in which the process of peer review is guided mainly by the social interactions among three kinds of agents representing authors, editors and reviewers respe...

  6. Maximization, learning, and economic behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Erev, Ido; Roth, Alvin E.

    2014-01-01

    The rationality assumption that underlies mainstream economic theory has proved to be a useful approximation, despite the fact that systematic violations to its predictions can be found. That is, the assumption of rational behavior is useful in understanding the ways in which many successful economic institutions function, although it is also true that actual human behavior falls systematically short of perfect rationality. We consider a possible explanation of this apparent inconsistency, su...

  7. Obesity and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Gulay Oguz; Aytul Karabekiroglu; Birsen Kocamanoglu; Mehmet Zihni Sungur

    2016-01-01

    Today, obesity is a public health problem with significant negative effects on mortality and morbidity rates in developing countries, and impact on all levels of the society. In recent years cognitive behavioral therapy approach has been considered as an important part of the obesity treatment. Behavioral therapy for obesity includes sections like self-monitoring, stimulus control, food control, consolidation and reinforcement, cognitive restructuring, proper nutrition education, increase in ...

  8. Behavioral Economics and Institutional Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Shiller, Robert J.

    2005-01-01

    Behavioral economics has played a fundamental role historically in innovation in economic institutions, even long before behavioral economics was recognized as a discipline. Examples from history, notably that of the invention of workers’ compensation, illustrate this point. Though scholarly discussion develops over decades, actual innovation tends to occur episodically, particularly at times of economic crisis. Fortunately, some of the major professional societies, the Verein fur Sozialpolit...

  9. Predicting moral behavior in physical education classes: an application of the theory of planned behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsorbatzoudis, Haralambos; Emmanouilidou, Maria

    2005-06-01

    This study aimed to examine the potential of the Theory of Planned Behavior to predict moral behavior in primary school physical education classes. Primary school children (N=611) completed a questionnaire including the Theory of Planned Behavior variables. Also, 21 teachers filled in an adapted version of Horrocks' Prosocial Play Behavior Inventory which assesses five moral behavior facets. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that attitudes toward moral behavior and perceived behavioral control were significant predictors of intention towards moral behavior (54%). Intention and perceived behavioral control predicted teacher-reported moral behavior (41%). The present results indicated that the theory provides a valuable framework for study of primary school children's moral behavior. PMID:16158692

  10. STUDY ON VISCOELASTIC BEHAVIOR OF PAPER COATING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Heng Zhang; Kefu Chen; Rendang Yang

    2004-01-01

    The flow behavior of paper coating is critical to the coating operation. In this work, the influence of the added agents on the flow behavior and the viscoelastic behavior is investigated using rheometer in steady and dynamic oscillatory modes.

  11. Sickness Behavior in Honey Bees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazlauskas, Nadia; Klappenbach, Martín; Depino, Amaicha M.; Locatelli, Fernando F.

    2016-01-01

    During an infection, animals suffer several changes in their normal physiology and behavior which may include lethargy, appetite loss, and reduction in grooming and general movements. This set of alterations is known as sickness behavior and although it has been extensively believed to be orchestrated primarily by the immune system, a relevant role for the central nervous system has also been established. The aim of the present work is to develop a simple animal model to allow studying how the immune and the nervous systems interact coordinately during an infection. We administered a bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into the thorax of honey bees to mimic a bacterial infection, and then we evaluated a set of stereotyped behaviors of the animals that might be indicative of sickness behavior. First, we show that this immune challenge reduces the locomotor activity of the animals in a narrow time window after LPS injection. Furthermore, bees exhibit a loss of appetite 60 and 90 min after injection, but not 15 h later. We also demonstrate that LPS injection reduces spontaneous antennal movements in harnessed animals, which suggests a reduction in the motivational state of the bees. Finally, we show that the LPS injection diminishes the interaction between animals, a crucial behavior in social insects. To our knowledge these results represent the first systematic description of sickness behavior in honey bees and provide important groundwork for the study of the interaction between the immune and the neural systems in an insect model. PMID:27445851

  12. Dopamine, behavioral economics, and effort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salamone, John D; Correa, Merce; Farrar, Andrew M; Nunes, Eric J; Pardo, Marta

    2009-01-01

    There are numerous problems with the hypothesis that brain dopamine (DA) systems, particularly in the nucleus accumbens, directly mediate the rewarding or primary motivational characteristics of natural stimuli such as food. Research and theory related to the functions of mesolimbic DA are undergoing a substantial conceptual restructuring, with the traditional emphasis on hedonia and primary reward yielding to other concepts and lines of inquiry. The present review is focused upon the involvement of nucleus accumbens DA in behavioral activation and effort-related processes. Viewed from the framework of behavioral economics, the effects of accumbens DA depletions and antagonism on food-reinforced behavior are highly dependent upon the work requirements of the instrumental task, and DA depleted rats are more sensitive to increases in response costs (i.e., ratio requirements). Moreover, interference with accumbens DA transmission exerts a powerful influence over effort-related choice behavior. Rats with accumbens DA depletions or antagonism reallocate their instrumental behavior away from food-reinforced tasks that have high response requirements, and instead these rats select a less-effortful type of food-seeking behavior. Nucleus accumbens DA and adenosine interact in the regulation of effort-related functions, and other brain structures (anterior cingulate cortex, amygdala, ventral pallidum) also are involved. Studies of the brain systems regulating effort-based processes may have implications for understanding drug abuse, as well as energy-related disorders such as psychomotor slowing, fatigue or anergia in depression and other neurological disorders. PMID:19826615

  13. Relapse prevention for addictive behaviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George William H

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Relapse Prevention (RP model has been a mainstay of addictions theory and treatment since its introduction three decades ago. This paper provides an overview and update of RP for addictive behaviors with a focus on developments over the last decade (2000-2010. Major treatment outcome studies and meta-analyses are summarized, as are selected empirical findings relevant to the tenets of the RP model. Notable advances in RP in the last decade include the introduction of a reformulated cognitive-behavioral model of relapse, the application of advanced statistical methods to model relapse in large randomized trials, and the development of mindfulness-based relapse prevention. We also review the emergent literature on genetic correlates of relapse following pharmacological and behavioral treatments. The continued influence of RP is evidenced by its integration in most cognitive-behavioral substance use interventions. However, the tendency to subsume RP within other treatment modalities has posed a barrier to systematic evaluation of the RP model. Overall, RP remains an influential cognitive-behavioral framework that can inform both theoretical and clinical approaches to understanding and facilitating behavior change.

  14. Sickness Behavior in Honey Bees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazlauskas, Nadia; Klappenbach, Martín; Depino, Amaicha M; Locatelli, Fernando F

    2016-01-01

    During an infection, animals suffer several changes in their normal physiology and behavior which may include lethargy, appetite loss, and reduction in grooming and general movements. This set of alterations is known as sickness behavior and although it has been extensively believed to be orchestrated primarily by the immune system, a relevant role for the central nervous system has also been established. The aim of the present work is to develop a simple animal model to allow studying how the immune and the nervous systems interact coordinately during an infection. We administered a bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into the thorax of honey bees to mimic a bacterial infection, and then we evaluated a set of stereotyped behaviors of the animals that might be indicative of sickness behavior. First, we show that this immune challenge reduces the locomotor activity of the animals in a narrow time window after LPS injection. Furthermore, bees exhibit a loss of appetite 60 and 90 min after injection, but not 15 h later. We also demonstrate that LPS injection reduces spontaneous antennal movements in harnessed animals, which suggests a reduction in the motivational state of the bees. Finally, we show that the LPS injection diminishes the interaction between animals, a crucial behavior in social insects. To our knowledge these results represent the first systematic description of sickness behavior in honey bees and provide important groundwork for the study of the interaction between the immune and the neural systems in an insect model. PMID:27445851

  15. Dopamine, behavioral economics, and effort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salamone, John D; Correa, Merce; Farrar, Andrew M; Nunes, Eric J; Pardo, Marta

    2009-01-01

    There are numerous problems with the hypothesis that brain dopamine (DA) systems, particularly in the nucleus accumbens, directly mediate the rewarding or primary motivational characteristics of natural stimuli such as food. Research and theory related to the functions of mesolimbic DA are undergoing a substantial conceptual restructuring, with the traditional emphasis on hedonia and primary reward yielding to other concepts and lines of inquiry. The present review is focused upon the involvement of nucleus accumbens DA in behavioral activation and effort-related processes. Viewed from the framework of behavioral economics, the effects of accumbens DA depletions and antagonism on food-reinforced behavior are highly dependent upon the work requirements of the instrumental task, and DA depleted rats are more sensitive to increases in response costs (i.e., ratio requirements). Moreover, interference with accumbens DA transmission exerts a powerful influence over effort-related choice behavior. Rats with accumbens DA depletions or antagonism reallocate their instrumental behavior away from food-reinforced tasks that have high response requirements, and instead these rats select a less-effortful type of food-seeking behavior. Nucleus accumbens DA and adenosine interact in the regulation of effort-related functions, and other brain structures (anterior cingulate cortex, amygdala, ventral pallidum) also are involved. Studies of the brain systems regulating effort-based processes may have implications for understanding drug abuse, as well as energy-related disorders such as psychomotor slowing, fatigue or anergia in depression and other neurological disorders.

  16. Editorial behaviors in peer review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wei; Kong, Xiangjie; Zhang, Jun; Chen, Zhen; Xia, Feng; Wang, Xianwen

    2016-01-01

    Editors play a critical role in the peer review system. How do editorial behaviors affect the performance of peer review? No quantitative model to date allows us to measure the influence of editorial behaviors on different peer review stages such as, manuscript distribution and final decision making. Here, we propose an agent-based model in which the process of peer review is guided mainly by the social interactions among three kinds of agents representing authors, editors and reviewers respectively. We apply this model to analyze a number of editorial behaviors such as decision strategy, number of reviewers and editorial bias on peer review. We find out that peer review outcomes are significantly sensitive to different editorial behaviors. With a small fraction (10 %) of biased editors, the quality of accepted papers declines 11 %, which indicates that effects of editorial biased behavior is worse than that of biased reviewers (7 %). While several peer review models exist, this is the first account for the study of editorial behaviors that is validated on the basis of simulation analysis. PMID:27386349

  17. Dopamine, behavioral economics, and effort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John D Salamone

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. There are numerous problems with the hypothesis that brain dopamine (DA systems, particularly in the nucleus accumbens, directly mediate the rewarding or primary motivational characteristics of natural stimuli such as food. Research and theory related to the functions of mesolimbic DA are undergoing a substantial conceptual restructuring, with the traditional emphasis on hedonia and primary reward yielding to other concepts and lines of inquiry. The present review is focused upon the involvement of nucleus accumbens DA in behavioral activation and effort-related processes. Viewed from the framework of behavioral economics, the effects of accumbens DA depletions and antagonism on food-reinforced behavior are highly dependent upon the work requirements of the instrumental task, and DA depleted rats are more sensitive to increases in response costs (i.e., ratio requirements. Moreover, interference with accumbens DA transmission exerts a powerful influence over effort-related choice behavior. Rats with accumbens DA depletions or antagonism reallocate their instrumental behavior away from food-reinforced tasks that have high response requirements, and instead these rats select a less-effortful type of food-seeking behavior. Nucleus accumbens DA and adenosine interact in the regulation of effort-related functions, and other brain structures (anterior cingulate cortex, amygdala, ventral pallidum also are involved. Studies of the brain systems regulating effort-based processes may have implications for understanding drug abuse, as well as energy-related disorders such as psychomotor slowing, fatigue or anergia in depression and other neurological disorders.

  18. Behavioral Targeting—Consumer Tracking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srimani, P. K.; Srinivas, A.

    2011-12-01

    Behavioral targeting is an online marketing method that collects data on the browsing activities of consumers, in order to `target' more relevant online advertising. Behavioral targeting enables marketers to reach in-market consumers and increases the value of publisher inventory. At the heart of behavioral targeting is a learning-based investigation of consumer behaviors. It helps marketers understand consumers' purchase patterns over time, mapping out a customer's activities based not only on a single purchase but also on an annual or even lifetime basis. As marketers increasingly appreciate the importance of customer lifetime value, behavioral targeting can be a foundation for creating a continuous analytical study of consumer trends and patterns. But as behavioural-targeting systems become more sophisticated and invasive, it is vital that the companies behind them are open with users about what is going on, and give them control over their personal information. The aim of this paper is to explore the various tools and techniques of behavioral targeting and its benefits to online marketing. A multiple—case study approach was used for exploring the effectiveness and acceptance of online marketing in the area of the online marketing.

  19. Extinction, relapse, and behavioral momentum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podlesnik, Christopher A; Shahan, Timothy A

    2010-05-01

    Previous experiments on behavioral momentum have shown that relative resistance to extinction of operant behavior in the presence of a discriminative stimulus depends upon the baseline rate or magnitude of reinforcement associated with that stimulus (i.e., the Pavlovian stimulus-reinforcer relation). Recently, we have shown that relapse of operant behavior in reinstatement, resurgence, and context renewal preparations also is a function of baseline stimulus-reinforcer relations. In this paper we present new data examining the role of baseline stimulus-reinforcer relations on resistance to extinction and relapse using a variety of baseline training conditions and relapse operations. Furthermore, we evaluate the adequacy of a behavioral momentum based model in accounting for the results. The model suggests that relapse occurs as a result of a decrease in the disruptive impact of extinction precipitated by a change in circumstances associated with extinction, and that the degree of relapse is a function of the pre-extinction baseline Pavlovian stimulus-reinforcer relation. Across experiments, relative resistance to extinction and relapse were greater in the presence of stimuli associated with more favorable conditions of reinforcement and were positively related to one another. In addition, the model did a good job in accounting for these effects. Thus, behavioral momentum theory may provide a useful quantitative approach for characterizing how differential reinforcement conditions contribute to relapse of operant behavior.

  20. Extinction, relapse, and behavioral momentum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podlesnik, Christopher A; Shahan, Timothy A

    2010-05-01

    Previous experiments on behavioral momentum have shown that relative resistance to extinction of operant behavior in the presence of a discriminative stimulus depends upon the baseline rate or magnitude of reinforcement associated with that stimulus (i.e., the Pavlovian stimulus-reinforcer relation). Recently, we have shown that relapse of operant behavior in reinstatement, resurgence, and context renewal preparations also is a function of baseline stimulus-reinforcer relations. In this paper we present new data examining the role of baseline stimulus-reinforcer relations on resistance to extinction and relapse using a variety of baseline training conditions and relapse operations. Furthermore, we evaluate the adequacy of a behavioral momentum based model in accounting for the results. The model suggests that relapse occurs as a result of a decrease in the disruptive impact of extinction precipitated by a change in circumstances associated with extinction, and that the degree of relapse is a function of the pre-extinction baseline Pavlovian stimulus-reinforcer relation. Across experiments, relative resistance to extinction and relapse were greater in the presence of stimuli associated with more favorable conditions of reinforcement and were positively related to one another. In addition, the model did a good job in accounting for these effects. Thus, behavioral momentum theory may provide a useful quantitative approach for characterizing how differential reinforcement conditions contribute to relapse of operant behavior. PMID:20152889

  1. Developmental origins of early antisocial behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Calkins, Susan D.; Keane, Susan P.

    2009-01-01

    Early antisocial behavior has its origins in childhood behavior problems, particularly those characterized by aggressive and destructive behavior. Deficits in self-regulation across multiple domains of functioning, from the physiological to the cognitive, are associated with early behavior problems, and may place children at greater risk for the development of later antisocial behavior. Data are presented from a longitudinal study of early self-regulation and behavior problems, the RIGHT Trac...

  2. The Theory of Planned Behavior: A Review of Its Applications to Health-Related Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godin, Gaston; Kok, Gerjo

    1996-01-01

    The literature review discussed here located 56 studies examining 87 behaviors that predicted future health-related behaviors using the theory of planned behavior. About 41% of variance in intentions and 34% of variance in future behavior were explained by the theory. Perceived behavioral control explained 11.5% of variance in behavior above…

  3. Consumer behavior and marketing communication: value approach

    OpenAIRE

    Popova Nadezhda; Sosnova Olga

    2015-01-01

    The article discusses the relationship between consumer behavior and marketing communications. It reveals the possible influence of marketing communications, appealing to the values of consumers, on their behavior.

  4. Behavioral Decision Research Intervention Reduces Risky Sexual Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downs, Julie S; Bruine de Bruin, Wändi; Fischhoff, Baruch; Murray, Pamela J

    2015-01-01

    Although adolescents are at disproportionate risk for sexually transmitted infections, most sex education programs have shown little effect on sexual behavior. An interactive video intervention developed by our team has been identified as one of a few programs that have been documented to reduce sexually transmitted infections in this population. Building on behavioral decision research, we used a mental models approach to interview young women about their sexual decisions, finding, among other things, the strong role of perceived social norms. We based our intervention on these results, aiming to help young women identify and implement personally and socially acceptable decision strategies. A randomized controlled trial found that the video reduced risky sexual behavior and the acquisition of chlamydia infection. We recently revised the video to suit more diverse audiences, and upgraded it to modern standards of cinematography and interactivity. It is now in field trial. PMID:26149165

  5. A Behavior Analytic Approach to Exploratory Motor Behavior: How Can Caregivers Teach EM Behavior to Infants with Down Syndrome?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, Sara M.; Jones, Emily A.

    2014-01-01

    Impairment in exploratory motor (EM) behavior is part of the Down syndrome behavioral phenotype. Exploratory motor behavior may be a pivotal skill for early intervention with infants with Down syndrome. Exploratory motor impairments are often attributed to general delays in motor development in infants with Down syndrome. A behavior analytic…

  6. Towards Behaviorally Informed Public Interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karol Olejniczak

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This article informs readers about the theoretical and practical origins of the behaviorally informed interventions (BIPI, analyzes examples of the BIPI from different policy sectors and strategies they offer for policy and regulatory design, and discusses applications and implications of BIPI for public interventions Methodology: This paper is based on a review of literature, as well as an inspection of administrative practices in OECD countries. It encompasses a systematic analysis of scientific papers fromthe SCOPUS database and a query carried out at the library of George Washington University. Findings: The traditional approach to public policy research is based on rational choice theory. It offers limited support, because by assuming perfect rationality of policy decisions, it overlooks existence of systematic errors and biases of human decision-making. The authors argue that behaviorally informed public interventions (BIPI might contribute to improving the effectiveness of a number of public measures – regulation, projects, programs, and even entire policies. Practical implications: The behavioral approach allows decision-makers to better understand the decisions and behaviors of citizens, as well as to design more effective interventions with minimum effort by adapting the existing solutions to real decision mechanisms of citizens. Originality: By combining the concepts of traditional approach with the growing behavioral approach, the authors aim to propose a new theoretical framework (BIPI to be used as a tool for policy design, delivery and evaluation.

  7. Behavior model for performance assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Every individual channels information differently based on their preference of the sensory modality or representational system (visual auditory or kinesthetic) we tend to favor most (our primary representational system (PRS)). Therefore, some of us access and store our information primarily visually first, some auditorily, and others kinesthetically (through feel and touch); which in turn establishes our information processing patterns and strategies and external to internal (and subsequently vice versa) experiential language representation. Because of the different ways we channel our information, each of us will respond differently to a task--the way we gather and process the external information (input), our response time (process), and the outcome (behavior). Traditional human models of decision making and response time focus on perception, cognitive and motor systems stimulated and influenced by the three sensory modalities, visual, auditory and kinesthetic. For us, these are the building blocks to knowing how someone is thinking. Being aware of what is taking place and how to ask questions is essential in assessing performance toward reducing human errors. Existing models give predications based on time values or response times for a particular event, and may be summed and averaged for a generalization of behavior(s). However, by our not establishing a basic understanding of the foundation of how the behavior was predicated through a decision making strategy process, predicative models are overall inefficient in their analysis of the means by which behavior was generated. What is seen is the end result

  8. Information recovery in behavioral networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Squartini, Tiziano; Ser-Giacomi, Enrico; Garlaschelli, Diego; Judge, George

    2015-01-01

    In the context of agent based modeling and network theory, we focus on the problem of recovering behavior-related choice information from origin-destination type data, a topic also known under the name of network tomography. As a basis for predicting agents' choices we emphasize the connection between adaptive intelligent behavior, causal entropy maximization, and self-organized behavior in an open dynamic system. We cast this problem in the form of binary and weighted networks and suggest information theoretic entropy-driven methods to recover estimates of the unknown behavioral flow parameters. Our objective is to recover the unknown behavioral values across the ensemble analytically, without explicitly sampling the configuration space. In order to do so, we consider the Cressie-Read family of entropic functionals, enlarging the set of estimators commonly employed to make optimal use of the available information. More specifically, we explicitly work out two cases of particular interest: Shannon functional and the likelihood functional. We then employ them for the analysis of both univariate and bivariate data sets, comparing their accuracy in reproducing the observed trends.

  9. ANIMAL BEHAVIORAL MODELS OF TINNITUS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Chao; WANG Qiuju; SUN Wei

    2014-01-01

    The pathophysiology of tinnitus is poorly understood and treatments are often unsuccessful. A number of animal models have been developed in order to gain a better understanding of tinnitus. A great deal has been learned from these models re-garding the electrophysiological and neuroanatomical correlates of tinnitus following exposure to noise or ototoxic drugs. Re-liable behavioral data is important for determining whether such electrophysiological or neuroanatomical changes are indeed related to tinnitus. Of the many documented tinnitus animal behavioral paradigms, the acoustic startle reflex had been pro-posed as a simple method to identify the presence or absence of tinnitus. Several behavioral models based on conditioned re-sponse suppression paradigms have also been developed. In addition to determining the presence or absence of tinnitus, some of the behavioral paradigms have provided signs of the onset, frequency, and intensity of tinnitus in animals. Although none of these behavioral models have been proved to be a perfect model, these studies provide useful information on understanding the neural mechanisms underlying tinnitus.

  10. Maximization, learning, and economic behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erev, Ido; Roth, Alvin E

    2014-07-22

    The rationality assumption that underlies mainstream economic theory has proved to be a useful approximation, despite the fact that systematic violations to its predictions can be found. That is, the assumption of rational behavior is useful in understanding the ways in which many successful economic institutions function, although it is also true that actual human behavior falls systematically short of perfect rationality. We consider a possible explanation of this apparent inconsistency, suggesting that mechanisms that rest on the rationality assumption are likely to be successful when they create an environment in which the behavior they try to facilitate leads to the best payoff for all agents on average, and most of the time. Review of basic learning research suggests that, under these conditions, people quickly learn to maximize expected return. This review also shows that there are many situations in which experience does not increase maximization. In many cases, experience leads people to underweight rare events. In addition, the current paper suggests that it is convenient to distinguish between two behavioral approaches to improve economic analyses. The first, and more conventional approach among behavioral economists and psychologists interested in judgment and decision making, highlights violations of the rational model and proposes descriptive models that capture these violations. The second approach studies human learning to clarify the conditions under which people quickly learn to maximize expected return. The current review highlights one set of conditions of this type and shows how the understanding of these conditions can facilitate market design.

  11. Behavior model for performance assessment.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borwn-VanHoozer, S. A.

    1999-07-23

    Every individual channels information differently based on their preference of the sensory modality or representational system (visual auditory or kinesthetic) we tend to favor most (our primary representational system (PRS)). Therefore, some of us access and store our information primarily visually first, some auditorily, and others kinesthetically (through feel and touch); which in turn establishes our information processing patterns and strategies and external to internal (and subsequently vice versa) experiential language representation. Because of the different ways we channel our information, each of us will respond differently to a task--the way we gather and process the external information (input), our response time (process), and the outcome (behavior). Traditional human models of decision making and response time focus on perception, cognitive and motor systems stimulated and influenced by the three sensory modalities, visual, auditory and kinesthetic. For us, these are the building blocks to knowing how someone is thinking. Being aware of what is taking place and how to ask questions is essential in assessing performance toward reducing human errors. Existing models give predications based on time values or response times for a particular event, and may be summed and averaged for a generalization of behavior(s). However, by our not establishing a basic understanding of the foundation of how the behavior was predicated through a decision making strategy process, predicative models are overall inefficient in their analysis of the means by which behavior was generated. What is seen is the end result.

  12. Maximization, learning, and economic behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erev, Ido; Roth, Alvin E

    2014-07-22

    The rationality assumption that underlies mainstream economic theory has proved to be a useful approximation, despite the fact that systematic violations to its predictions can be found. That is, the assumption of rational behavior is useful in understanding the ways in which many successful economic institutions function, although it is also true that actual human behavior falls systematically short of perfect rationality. We consider a possible explanation of this apparent inconsistency, suggesting that mechanisms that rest on the rationality assumption are likely to be successful when they create an environment in which the behavior they try to facilitate leads to the best payoff for all agents on average, and most of the time. Review of basic learning research suggests that, under these conditions, people quickly learn to maximize expected return. This review also shows that there are many situations in which experience does not increase maximization. In many cases, experience leads people to underweight rare events. In addition, the current paper suggests that it is convenient to distinguish between two behavioral approaches to improve economic analyses. The first, and more conventional approach among behavioral economists and psychologists interested in judgment and decision making, highlights violations of the rational model and proposes descriptive models that capture these violations. The second approach studies human learning to clarify the conditions under which people quickly learn to maximize expected return. The current review highlights one set of conditions of this type and shows how the understanding of these conditions can facilitate market design. PMID:25024182

  13. Creativity, personality, and hoarding behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hezel, Dianne M; Hooley, Jill M

    2014-12-15

    Compulsive hoarding is a debilitating illness that is characterized by excessive collection of and failure to discard items, irrespective of their uselessness or hazardousness. Anecdotal evidence suggests that individuals who hoard may be more creative than individuals without hoarding behavior; however, this hypothesis has never been tested empirically. In the present study, we examined the relationship between hoarding symptoms and performance on a series of creativity measures. We also explored the extent to which hoarding symptoms were associated with factors such as personality, impulsivity, distress tolerance, and attitudes about money and the environment. Our findings revealed no significant associations between hoarding behavior and any measure of creativity. Hoarding behavior was also unrelated to attitudes about money or concern about the environment. However, consistent with previous research, hoarding tendencies were correlated with higher levels of neuroticism and impulsivity, as well as with lower levels of conscientiousness and distress tolerance. Implications of these findings are discussed.

  14. Evolutionary consequences of behavioral diversity

    CERN Document Server

    Stewart, Alexander J; Plotkin, Joshua B

    2016-01-01

    Iterated games provide a framework to describe social interactions among groups of individuals. Recent work stimulated by the discovery of "zero-determinant" strategies has rapidly expanded our ability to analyze such interactions. This body of work has primarily focused on games in which players face a simple binary choice, to "cooperate" or "defect". Real individuals, however, often exhibit behavioral diversity, varying their input to a social interaction both qualitatively and quantitatively. Here we explore how access to a greater diversity of behavioral choices impacts the evolution of social dynamics in finite populations. We show that, in public goods games, some two-choice strategies can nonetheless resist invasion by all possible multi-choice invaders, even while engaging in relatively little punishment. We also show that access to greater behavioral choice results in more "rugged " fitness landscapes, with populations able to stabilize cooperation at multiple levels of investment, such that choice f...

  15. Goal directed behavior and dyslexia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiarenza, Giuseppe Augusto

    2016-01-01

    Goal directed behavior is explained by two approaches: the first, which can be named as cybertetic (behavior is wieved as homeostatic and reflexive), and second, as cognitive approach, a learned response, (skills developed by whaching the behavior of another individual). The aim of the paper is to present a noninvasive method described as an interaction of human beings with environment, recording the electrical activity of the brain from the human scalp. Obtained results are in agreement of psychological theories that place at determined levels of age the acquisition of the capacities of abstract thinking and with the functional neuroanatomic studies according to which biological maturation is necessary for learning processes to develop. An acquired level of learning is in close relationship with the maturation level of the cerebral structures. PMID:27442417

  16. Pavlov's position toward American behaviorism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windholz, G

    1983-10-01

    Pavlov's development of the conditional reflex theory coincided with the rise of American behaviorism. Substituting an objective physiology for a subjective psychology, Pavlov saw in the rise of American behaviorism a clear confirmation of his method and theory. But in the early 1930s, Lashley attacked Pavlov's theory of specific cerebral localization of function, proposing instead the concept of an internal cerebral organization; Guthrie objected to Pavlov's centralist interpretation of conditioning, proposing instead a peripheralist interpretation; while Hull challenged Pavlov's theory of sleep and hypnosis as the manifestations of inhibition. Pavlov replied with critiques of Lashley's, Guthrie's, and Hull's views, and, convinced that Lashley and Guthrie misunderstood his position, repeated his method's and theory's basic propositions. Yet, Pavlov never gave up the expectation that American behaviorism would accept his conditional reflex theory and saw in Hunter's 1932 statements a support of his assumptions.

  17. Neuroeconomics and behavioral health economics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Torben

    2009-01-01

      Objective: Neuroeconomics integrates behavioral economics, psychology and neuroscience. Recently, this line of research is summarized in a neuroeconomic model (NeM) which addresses behavioral health from a new angle as surveyed in this study. Data and Method Firstly, NeM is used as framework...... for explanation of the neural dynamics of normal decision making. Secondly, the literature is reviewed for evidence on hypothesized applications of NeM in behavioral health. Results I. The present bias as documented by neuroeconomic game-trials is explained by NeM as rooted in the basal activation of Amygdala...... dissemination of relaxation procedures is evident in industrialized countries since about 1970 both inside the medical healthcare system and as NGO-settings in a market-alike competition. However, a serious barrier to the dissemination of meditative de-stressing is the lack of general knowledge of the action...

  18. Behavior Relativity of Petri Nets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋昌俊; 王怀清; 廖少毅

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents a novel methodology for modelling and analyzing of behav-ior relations of concurrent systems. The set of all firing sequences of a Petri net is an importanttool for describing the dynamic behavior of concurrent systems. In this paper, the behaviorrelativity of two concurrent subsystems in their synchronous composition is presented. Such be-havior relativities, including Controlled Relativity, United Relativity, Interactive Relativity andExclusive Relativity, are defined respectively. The properties of the relativities are discussed indetail. The analysis method for these properties is based on minimum T-invariants, when twosubsystems are live bounded Petri nets. A well-known example has also been analyaed usingthe new methodology to demonstrate the advantages of the proposed methodology.

  19. Asymptotic behavior of generalized functions

    CERN Document Server

    Pilipović, Stevan; Vindas, Jasson

    2012-01-01

    The asymptotic analysis has obtained new impulses with the general development of various branches of mathematical analysis and their applications. In this book, such impulses originate from the use of slowly varying functions and the asymptotic behavior of generalized functions. The most developed approaches related to generalized functions are those of Vladimirov, Drozhinov and Zavyalov, and that of Kanwal and Estrada. The first approach is followed by the authors of this book and extended in the direction of the S-asymptotics. The second approach — of Estrada, Kanwal and Vindas — is related to moment asymptotic expansions of generalized functions and the Ces'aro behavior. The main features of this book are the uses of strong methods of functional analysis and applications to the analysis of asymptotic behavior of solutions to partial differential equations, Abelian and Tauberian type theorems for integral transforms as well as for the summability of Fourier series and integrals. The book can be used by...

  20. Unveiling small sphere's scattering behavior

    CERN Document Server

    Tzarouchis, Dimitrios C; Sihvola, Ari

    2016-01-01

    A classical way for exploring the scattering behavior of a small sphere is to approximate Mie coefficients with a Taylor series expansion. This ansatz delivered a plethora of insightful results, mostly for small spheres supporting electric localized plasmonic resonances. However, many scattering aspects are still uncharted, especially for the case of magnetic resonances. Here, an alternative system ansatz is proposed based on the Pad\\'e approximants for the Mie coefficients. The extracted results reveal new aspects, such as the existence of a self-regulating radiative damping mechanism for the first magnetic resonance. Hence, a systematic way of exploring the scattering behavior is introduced, sharpening our understanding about sphere's scattering behavior and its emergent functionalities.

  1. Epistemological barriers to radical behaviorism

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donohue, William T.; Callaghan, Glenn M.; Ruckstuhl, L. E.

    1998-01-01

    The historian and philosopher of science Gaston Bachelard proposed the concept of epistemological barriers to describe the intellectual challenges encountered by scientists in their work. In order to embrace novel ways of approaching a problem in science, scientists must overcome barriers or obstacles posed by their prior views. For example, Einsteinian physics presents scientists with claims that space is curved and that time and space are on the same continuum. We utilize Bachelard's concept of epistemological barriers to describe the differences between the intellectual journeys students pursuing advanced studies face when attempting to accept cognitive psychology or radical behaviorism. We contend that the folk psychological beliefs that students typically hold when entering these studies pose less challenge to cognitive psychology than to radical behaviorism. We also suggest that these barriers may also partly be involved in the problematic exegesis that has plagued radical behaviorism. In close, we offer some suggestions for dealing with these epistemological barriers. PMID:22478314

  2. Extending the theory of planned behavior: The role of behavioral options and additional factors in predicting speed behavior

    OpenAIRE

    CRISTEA, Mioara; PARAN, Françoise; DELHOMME, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has been successfully predicting behavior with a small number of factors. Nonetheless, to increase its predictive power we introduced several behavioral options and additional factors in the same prediction model about drivers’ self-reported speed behavior on a road with a speed limit of 90 km/h. We investigated the TPB factors as well as descriptive norms, perceived similarity with/description of the prototypical driver, and past behavior with re...

  3. DEMOGRAPHY OF PEDIATRIC BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Keihanidoust MD

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective :Behavioral disorders of children and adolescents have long been a subject of discussion among researchers of pedology,   psychology, medicine and psychiatry and are also a commonly encountered complaint of patients referring to the pediatric neurology out patient clinics. The main purpose of the present study is to survey some organic disorders, e.g. temporal lobe epilepsy (non convulsive seizures and to investigate the role of some trace element deficiencies, in particular iron deficiency on the development of behavioral disorders seen in children.Materials & Methods:In this study all patients referring to the Imam Khomeini pediatric neurology out patient clinic with the chief complaint of behavioral problems, between October 1996 and January 1998 were  enrolled; they were individually interviewed and underwent physical examinations, completing the relevant questionnaires.Results:Overall 139 patients (92boys and 47 girls were enrolled and the data were analyzed using SPSS and Harvard's graphic package. Analysis revealed that the most common behavioral disorders documented were: Sleep problems, in 38 patients (27.3%, Irritability in 37(26.6%, aggressiveness in 28 (20.1% staring in 27 (19.4%, altercation in 27(19.4%. Non psychiatric problem was seen in 77 patients (62.6%; neurological examinations in 36(25.9% revealed abnormal findings; 103 patients (74-8% had abnormal findings in other systems. 105 patients (76.6% had abnormal EEG and 72 of them (51.9% had abnormal findings in brain imaging. Iron deficiency was found in 88 (63.2% of the patients.Conclusion:According to these findings, treatment of organic disorders in patients with behavioral problems, can lead to partial or total control of their problems, which could otherwise result in major disturbances and disruptions in their own and in their family's lives.Key words:behavioral problems, EEG, Imaging, Iron deficiency

  4. Cognitive behavioral treatment of insomnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jacob; Roth, Alicia; Vatthauer, Karlyn; McCrae, Christina S

    2013-02-01

    Chronic insomnia (symptoms for ≥ 6 months) is the most common sleep disorder, affecting 6% to 10% of adults in the general population, with even higher rates in patients with comorbid conditions (eg, hypertension, 44%; cardiac disease, 44.1%; breathing problems, 41.5%). Traditionally, chronic insomnia occurring with another condition has been considered secondary and rarely received direct treatment because treatment of the primary condition was expected to improve the insomnia. However, this approach often failed because chronic insomnia is maintained by behaviors, cognitions, and associations that patients adopt as they attempt to cope with poor sleep but that end up backfiring (eg, increasing caffeine, spending more time in bed, trying harder to sleep). Cognitive behavioral treatment of insomnia (CBTi) targets those behaviors, cognitions, and associations and is effective across a variety of populations, including those with medical and psychologic comorbidities. Thus, in 2005, a National Institutes of Health expert consensus panel on chronic insomnia recommended dropping the term "secondary insomnia" in favor of the term "comorbid insomnia." Because CBTi does not carry the risks associated with some sleep medications (eg, dependency, polypharmacy, cognitive and psychomotor impairment), it is an attractive option for patients with other conditions. Through the Society of Behavioral Sleep Medicine (www.behavioralsleep.org) and the American Board of Sleep Medicine (www.absm.org), it is possible to find practitioners with expertise in CBTi (as well as other aspects of behavioral sleep medicine) and other behavioral sleep resources. Given the currently limited number of trained practitioners, exploration of alternative delivery methods (eg, briefer protocols, self-help, Internet) to improve access to this highly effective treatment and expanded training in these treatments are warranted. PMID:23381322

  5. Contextual behavior and neural circuits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inah eLee

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Animals including humans engage in goal-directed behavior flexibly in response to items and their background, which is called contextual behavior in this review. Although the concept of context has long been studied, there are differences among researchers in defining and experimenting with the concept. The current review aims to provide a categorical framework within which not only the neural mechanisms of contextual information processing but also the contextual behavior can be studied in more concrete ways. For this purpose, we categorize contextual behavior into three subcategories as follows by considering the types of interactions among context, item, and response: contextual response selection, contextual item selection, and contextual item-response selection. Contextual response selection refers to the animal emitting different types of responses to the same item depending on the context in the background. Contextual item selection occurs when there are multiple items that need to be chosen in a contextual manner. Finally, when multiple items and multiple contexts are involved, contextual item-response selection takes place whereby the animal either choose an item or inhibit such a response depending on item-context paired association. The literature suggests that the rhinal cortical regions and the hippocampal formation play key roles in mnemonically categorizing and recognizing contextual representations and the associated items. In addition, it appears that the fronto-striatal cortical loops in connection with the contextual information-processing areas critically control the flexible deployment of adaptive action sets and motor responses for maximizing goals. We suggest that contextual information processing should be investigated in experimental settings where contextual stimuli and resulting behaviors are clearly defined and measurable, considering the dynamic top-down and bottom-up interactions among the neural systems for

  6. Understanding Behaviors in Videos through Behavior-Specific Dictionaries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ren, Huamin; Liu, Weifeng; Olsen, Søren Ingvor;

    2016-01-01

    Understanding behaviors is the core of video content analysis, which is highly related to two important applications: abnormal event detection and action recognition. Dictionary learning, as one of the mid-level representations, is an important step to process a video. It has achieved state-of-th...

  7. LSCI in Functional Behavior Assessment and Positive Behavioral Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marston, John R.

    2001-01-01

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Amendments of 1997 mandated a shift from reactive strategies toward proactive interventions with students who experience both disability and behavioral challenges. The author describes how the methodology of Life Space Crisis Intervention can provide a source of data for functional assessment…

  8. Designing Mouse Behavioral Tasks Relevant to Autistic-Like Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawley, Jacqueline N.

    2004-01-01

    The importance of genetic factors in autism has prompted the development of mutant mouse models to advance our understanding of biological mechanisms underlying autistic behaviors. Mouse models of human neuropsychiatric diseases are designed to optimize (1) face validity, i.e., resemblance to the human symptoms; (2) construct validity, i.e.,…

  9. Offering Behavioral Assistance to Latino Students Demonstrating Challenging Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, Gerardo; Bullock, Lyndal M.

    2015-01-01

    Challenging behaviors can significantly alter the learning environment of any classroom. Traditionally, schools have implemented practices that remove the offending student from the classroom, deliver punitive disciplinary actions, or refer the student to special education evaluation. Unfortunately, such practices have demonstrated little…

  10. Sexual Behavior in Adults with Autism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Bourgondien, Mary E.; And Others

    1997-01-01

    A survey of the sexual behavior of 89 adults with autism living in group homes found that the majority of individuals were engaging in some form of sexual behavior. Masturbation was the most common sexual behavior; however, person-oriented sexual behaviors with obvious signs of arousal were also found. Information regarding group home sexuality…

  11. The neurobiology of repetitive behavior : of mice…

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Langen, Marieke; Kas, Martien J H; Staal, Wouter G; van Engeland, Herman; Durston, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    Repetitive and stereotyped behavior is a prominent element of both animal and human behavior. Similar behavior is seen across species, in diverse neuropsychiatric disorders and in key phases of typical development. This raises the question whether these similar classes of behavior are caused by simi

  12. Contextualism: The World View of Behavior Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Edward K.

    1988-01-01

    Argues that the world view of contemporary behavior analysis, especially behavior analysis of child development, is contextualistic, not mechanistic. The history of behavior analysis is presented in a revised account that focuses on philosophic movements. Contextualism of behavior analysis is contrasted with mechanism with respect to five core…

  13. Applying Behavioral Economics to Public Health Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Matjasko, Jennifer L.; Cawley, John H.; Baker-Goering, Madeleine M.; Yokum, David V.

    2016-01-01

    Behavioral economics provides an empirically informed perspective on how individuals make decisions, including the important realization that even subtle features of the environment can have meaningful impacts on behavior. This commentary provides examples from the literature and recent government initiatives that incorporate concepts from behavioral economics in order to improve health, decision making, and government efficiency. The examples highlight the potential for behavioral economics ...

  14. Governing Individual Knowledge Sharing Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Minbaeva, Dana; Pedersen, Torben

    2010-01-01

    The emerging Knowledge Governance Approach asserts the need to build microfoundations grounded in individual action. Toward this goal, using the Theory of Planned Behavior, we aim to explain individual knowledge sharing behavior as being determined by the intention to share knowledge and its...... the model arrived at on a dataset collected among individuals engaged in knowledge sharing in two competing firms. Results of the LISREL analysis show that the use of rewards affects attitudes toward knowledge sharing negatively, while the use of reciprocal schemes and communication mechanisms have...

  15. Digital behavioral and psychological principles

    CERN Document Server

    Hausman, Angela

    2014-01-01

    The chapters in this e-book lie firmly within Web 2.0 and deal with human aspects of interactions between consumers and between consumers and brands in digital space. The first chapter, Consumer Behavior in the Online Context, by Cummings, Peltier, Schibrowsky and Nill, provides an excellent introduction to this ebook by reviewing literature related to the consumer behavior and social network theory as they apply to the Internet, literature covering the period from 1993-2012, spanning over 900 articles across more than 85 marketing journals. The second chapter, by Kabadayi and Price, investiga

  16. Creep behavior of microbiotic crust

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The creep behavior of microbiotic crust at room temperature was revealed by the creep bending tests of cantilever beam under constant-load conditions.The variation in the deflection with time can be depicted well by a standard creep curve.Creep rupture is a fundamental failure mechanism of microbiotic crust due to creep.A simple theory was then applied to describe this new me-chanical behavior.The existence of creep phenomenon brings into question the validity of widely used methods for measuring the strength of microbiotic crust.

  17. Chapter 17: Residential Behavior Protocol

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stewart, James [Cadmus Group, Waltham, MA (United States); Todd, Annika [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Residential behavior-based (BB) programs use strategies grounded in the behavioral social sciences to influence household energy use. Strategies may include providing households with real-time or delayed feedback about their energy use; supplying energy-efficiency education and tips; rewarding households for reducing their energy use; comparing households to their peers; and establishing games, tournaments, and competitions. BB programs often target multiple energy end uses and encourage energy savings, demand savings, or both. Savings from BB programs are usually a small percentage of energy use, typically less than 5%.

  18. Suicidal behavior: measurement and mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oquendo, Maria A

    2015-12-01

    This issue of Focus on Suicide brings us new data about risk assessment, with 2 articles examining the utility of rating scales for assessment of suicidal behavior. Youngstrom et al conduct a careful comparison of 3 suicide rating scales: the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), the Suicide Tracking Scale (STS), and the Sheehan Suicidality Tracking Scale (S-STS). While the scales did comparably in 2 broad categories, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts, the study suggests that some subtypes of suicidal behavior/ideation are not captured as well by the S-STS. PMID:26717527

  19. A Review of Different Behavior Modification Strategies Designed to Reduce Sedentary Screen Behaviors in Children

    OpenAIRE

    Jeremy A. Steeves; Thompson, Dixie L; Bassett, David R.; Eugene C. Fitzhugh; Raynor, Hollie A.

    2011-01-01

    Previous research suggests that reducing sedentary screen behaviors may be a strategy for preventing and treating obesity in children. This systematic review describes strategies used in interventions designed to either solely target sedentary screen behaviors or multiple health behaviors, including sedentary screen behaviors. Eighteen studies were included in this paper; eight targeting sedentary screen behaviors only, and ten targeting multiple health behaviors. All studies used behavior mo...

  20. Attitude-behavior congruity, mindfulness, and self-focused attention: A behavior-analytic reconstruction

    OpenAIRE

    Street, Warren R.

    1994-01-01

    Social psychologists have responded to research reporting low agreement between attitude measures and related behavior with attempts to explain the incongruities and enhance agreement. This article examines attitude-behavior incongruity from a behavior-analytic point of view. Traditional and behavior-analytic views of attitudes and behaviors are compared. In the behavior-analytic view, answering an attitude scale should be considered as behavior displayed by a person under rather unusual soci...

  1. Genetics and behavior: a guide for practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overall, Karen L; Tiira, Katriina; Broach, Desiree; Bryant, Deborah

    2014-05-01

    Phenotyping behavior is difficult, partly because behavior is almost always influenced by environment. Using objective terms/criteria to evaluate behaviors is best; the more objective the assessment, the more likely underlying genetic patterns will be identified. Behavioral pathologies, and highly desirable behavioral characteristics/traits, are likely complex, meaning that multiple genes are probably involved, and therefore simple genetic tests are less possible. Breeds can be improved using traditional quantitative genetic methods; unfortunately, this also creates the possibility of inadvertently selecting for covarying undesirable behaviors. Patterns of behaviors within families and breed lines are still the best guidelines for genetic counseling in dogs.

  2. Social memory, social stress, and economic behaviors

    OpenAIRE

    Taiki Takahashi

    2005-01-01

    Social memory plays a pivotal role in social behaviors, from mating behaviors to cooperative behaviors based on reciprocal altruism. More specifically, social/person recognition memory is supposed, by behavioral-economic and game-theoretic analysis, to be required for tit- for-tat like cooperative behaviors to evolve under the N-person iterated prisoner fs dilemma game condition. Meanwhile, humans are known to show a social stress response during face-to-face social interactions, which might ...

  3. Human behavior representation of military teamwork

    OpenAIRE

    Martin, Michael W.

    2006-01-01

    This work presents a conceptual structure for the behaviors of artificial intelligence agents, with emphasis on creating teamwork through individual behaviors. The goal is to set up a framework which enables teams of simulation agents to behave more realistically. Better team behavior can lend a higher fidelity of human behavior representation in a simulation, as well as provide opportunities to experiment with the factors that create teamwork. The framework divides agent behaviors into three...

  4. Behavioral problems of farmed ostriches in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samson, J

    1996-07-01

    Ostriches farmed in Canada often have particular behavioral problems that are brought about by periods of extreme confinement during winter months. Although they still perform normal species specific behaviors such as twirling, kanteling, and kicking, abnormal behaviors become prominent when excessively confined. They include for all age groups of ostriches, feather-picking, behavioral stargazing, dietary indiscretion, pica, anorexia and adipsia, and aggression. These abnormal behaviors initiated by inadequate husbandry techniques, eventually become medical problems because of their severity. PMID:8809393

  5. Behavioral problems of farmed ostriches in Canada.

    OpenAIRE

    Samson, J.

    1996-01-01

    Ostriches farmed in Canada often have particular behavioral problems that are brought about by periods of extreme confinement during winter months. Although they still perform normal species specific behaviors such as twirling, kanteling, and kicking, abnormal behaviors become prominent when excessively confined. They include for all age groups of ostriches, feather-picking, behavioral stargazing, dietary indiscretion, pica, anorexia and adipsia, and aggression. These abnormal behaviors initi...

  6. IMPLICIT ATTITUDES TOWARD GREEN CONSUMER BEHAVIOR

    OpenAIRE

    D. VANTOMME; M. GEUENS; De Houwer, J.; De Pelsmacker, P.

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the usefulness of implicit (automatic) attitudes to explain the weak attitude-behavior relationships often found in consumer behavior research. One research domain that has revealed low attitude-behavior consistencies is environmentally friendly consumer behavior. In order to better understand this discrepancy, we measured not only explicit but also implicit attitudes toward green consumer behavior by means of the Implicit Association Test (IAT). Expli...

  7. Why Behavior Change is Difficult to Sustain

    OpenAIRE

    Bouton, Mark E.

    2014-01-01

    Unhealthy behavior is responsible for much human disease, and a common goal of contemporary preventive medicine is therefore to encourage behavior change. However, while behavior change often seems easy in the short run, it can be difficult to sustain. This article provides a selective review of research from the basic learning and behavior laboratory that provides some insight into why. The research suggests that methods used to create behavior change (including extinction, counterconditioni...

  8. Behavioral and Brain Functions. A new journal

    OpenAIRE

    Sagvolden Terje

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Behavioral and Brain Functions (BBF) is an Open Access, peer-reviewed, online journal considering original research, review, and modeling articles in all aspects of neurobiology or behavior, favoring research that relates to both domains. Behavioral and Brain Functions is published by BioMed Central. The greatest challenge for empirical science is to understand human behavior; how human behavior arises from the myriad functions such as attention, language, memory and emotion; how the...

  9. Behavior of dislocations in silicon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sumino, Koji [Nippon Steel Corp., Chiba Prefecture (Japan)

    1995-08-01

    A review is given of dynamic behavior of dislocations in silicon on the basis of works of the author`s group. Topics taken up are generation, motion and multiplication of dislocations as affected by oxygen impurities and immobilization of dislocations due to impurity reaction.

  10. AMERICAN QUARTER HORSES’ BEHAVIORAL FORMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iryna Olexandrivna Suprun

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The review of basic literary sources is made out of behavior of horse. On the basis of the field researches (visual supervisions after three different aged groups of mares it is built ethograms. An ethogram of behavioral forms among mares was developed. They represent the different forms of mares’ behavior in a dynamics. The reaction of mares of the different age-related and physiology groups on appearance of extraneous objects on a pasture, their activity, hierarchy, socialization is analyzed in groups. Several main studies on equines were reviewed in ethogram. Four objects were placed into the pasture with the mares and foals including a mat, cone, halter, and mounting block. Initial interest of mares in objects was high. Herd mentality highly evident. When one horse spooked at object the whole herd followed. After 5 minutes, majority of mares and foals lose interest in objects. The major general behavior categories observed include: locomotion, comfort, and harem social. Dominance was demonstrated while looking at the objects. Dominance was also demonstrated when a mare wanted to be in a specific place or play with a specific toy, she would pin her ears back, bite, or kick at the other mare. 

  11. Behavior Trees for Evolutionary Robotics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheper, Kirk Y W; Tijmons, Sjoerd; de Visser, Cornelis C; de Croon, Guido C H E

    2016-01-01

    Evolutionary Robotics allows robots with limited sensors and processing to tackle complex tasks by means of sensory-motor coordination. In this article we show the first application of the Behavior Tree framework on a real robotic platform using the evolutionary robotics methodology. This framework is used to improve the intelligibility of the emergent robotic behavior over that of the traditional neural network formulation. As a result, the behavior is easier to comprehend and manually adapt when crossing the reality gap from simulation to reality. This functionality is shown by performing real-world flight tests with the 20-g DelFly Explorer flapping wing micro air vehicle equipped with a 4-g onboard stereo vision system. The experiments show that the DelFly can fully autonomously search for and fly through a window with only its onboard sensors and processing. The success rate of the optimized behavior in simulation is 88%, and the corresponding real-world performance is 54% after user adaptation. Although this leaves room for improvement, it is higher than the 46% success rate from a tuned user-defined controller. PMID:26606468

  12. Behavioral Expression of Teacher Attitudes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good, Thomas; Brophy, Jere E.

    In a replication and extension of work by Silberman (1969), differential teacher behavior toward different students was studied in relation to the attitudes teachers held toward those students. Using data on dyadic teacher-child interactions collected with the Brophy-Good system, contrasting patterns were noted in the ways teachers interacted with…

  13. Behavioral Cues of Interpersonal Warmth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayes, Marjorie A.

    1972-01-01

    The results of this study suggest, first, that interpersonal warmth does seem to be a personality dimension which can be reliably judged and, second, that it was possible to define and demonstrate the relevance of a number of behavioral cues for warmth. (Author)

  14. Conceptual Frameworks in Information Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettigrew, Karen E.; Fidel, Raya; Bruce, Harry

    2001-01-01

    Reviews advancements in the development of conceptual frameworks for studying information behavior. Concludes that a unifying theoretical body is emerging that, beyond its user-centered core, emphasizes the contextual interplay of cognitive, social, cultural, organizational, affective, and linguistic factors and asserts that information behavior…

  15. Teachers' Judgments of Problem Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safran, Joan S.; Safran, Stephen P.

    1987-01-01

    After viewing videotaped vignettes of classroom situations, 155 teachers rated severity, tolerance, manageability, and contagion factors related to a target child. Ratings indicated significant multivariate differences between regular/special education teachers and disruptive/nondisruptive behaviors, with regular educators being less tolerant and…

  16. Viscoelastic behavior of rubbery materials

    CERN Document Server

    Roland, C M

    2011-01-01

    The gigantic size of polymer molecules makes them viscoelastic - their behavior changes depending on how fast and for how long the material is used. This book looks at the latest discoveries in the field from a fundamental molecular perspective, in order to guide the development of better and new applications for soft materials.

  17. Indoor Tanning and Problem Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagdasarov, Zhanna; Banerjee, Smita; Greene, Kathryn; Campo, Shelly

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The authors examined factors predicting college students' use of tanning beds. Participants and Methods: Undergraduate students (N = 745) at a large Northeastern university participated in the study by answering a survey measuring tanning behavior and other psychosocial variables, including sensation seeking, self-esteem, tanning image…

  18. Delayed Reinforcement of Operant Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lattal, Kennon A.

    2010-01-01

    The experimental analysis of delay of reinforcement is considered from the perspective of three questions that seem basic not only to understanding delay of reinforcement but also, by implication, the contributions of temporal relations between events to operant behavior. The first question is whether effects of the temporal relation between…

  19. Attachment Behaviors in Autistic Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigman, Marian; Ungerer, Judy A.

    1984-01-01

    Observation of 14 autistic and 14 nonautistic children of equivalent mental age revealed that autistic Ss showed evidence of attachment to their mothers. Among autistic Ss, those showing increased attachment behaviors in response to separation and reunion demonstrated more advanced symbolic play skills than those showing no attachment change.…

  20. Behavioral Neuropsychology in the Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Arthur MacNeill, Jr.

    1981-01-01

    A rationale for the integration of the principles of behavior therapy with those of neuropsychology is provided. Theoretical issues, empirical considerations and future directions pertaining to this area of specialization are discussed, with special reference to the practice of school psychology. (Author/AL)