WorldWideScience

Sample records for centred cubic rare

  1. Deformation-induced structural transition in body-centred cubic molybdenum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, S J; Wang, H; Du, K; Zhang, W; Sui, M L; Mao, S X

    2014-03-07

    Molybdenum is a refractory metal that is stable in a body-centred cubic structure at all temperatures before melting. Plastic deformation via structural transitions has never been reported for pure molybdenum, while transformation coupled with plasticity is well known for many alloys and ceramics. Here we demonstrate a structural transformation accompanied by shear deformation from an original -oriented body-centred cubic structure to a -oriented face-centred cubic lattice, captured at crack tips during the straining of molybdenum inside a transmission electron microscope at room temperature. The face-centred cubic domains then revert into -oriented body-centred cubic domains, equivalent to a lattice rotation of 54.7°, and ~15.4% tensile strain is reached. The face-centred cubic structure appears to be a well-defined metastable state, as evidenced by scanning transmission electron microscopy and nanodiffraction, the Nishiyama-Wassermann and Kurdjumov-Sachs relationships between the face-centred cubic and body-centred cubic structures and molecular dynamics simulations. Our findings reveal a deformation mechanism for elemental metals under high-stress deformation conditions.

  2. Mechanical properties for irradiated face-centred cubic nanocrystalline metals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, X. Z.; Song, D. K.; Chu, H. J.; Xue, J. M.; Duan, H. L.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, a self-consistent plasticity theory is proposed to model the mechanical behaviours of irradiated face-centred cubic nanocrystalline metals. At the grain level, a tensorial crystal model with both irradiation and grain size effects is applied for the grain interior (GI), whereas both grain boundary (GB) sliding with irradiation effect and GB diffusion are considered in modelling the behaviours of GBs. The elastic-viscoplastic self-consistent method with considering grain size distribution is developed to transit the microscopic behaviour of individual grains to the macroscopic properties of nanocrystals (NCs). The proposed theory is applied to model the mechanical properties of irradiated NC copper, and the feasibility and efficiency have been validated by comparing with experimental data. Numerical results show that: (i) irradiation-induced defects can lead to irradiation hardening in the GIs, but the hardening effect decreases with the grain size due to the increasing absorption of defects by GBs. Meanwhile, the absorbed defects would make the GBs softer than the unirradiated case. (ii) There exists a critical grain size for irradiated NC metals, which separates the grain size into the irradiation hardening dominant region (above the critical size) and irradiation softening dominant region (below the critical size). (iii) The distribution of grain size has a significant influence on the mechanical behaviours of both irradiated and unirradiated NCs. The proposed model can offer a valid theoretical foundation to study the irradiation effect on NC materials. PMID:27547091

  3. Accurate quantum mechanical treatment of phonon instability: body-centred cubic zirconium

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Y; Qian, M C; Johansson, B

    2002-01-01

    The T sub 1 N point and omega point phonon anomalies for body-centred cubic (bcc) Zr are studied using an approach which goes beyond the traditional quasi-harmonic approximation and perturbation theory. We are able to reproduce, for the first time, the anomalous phonon behaviour in bcc Zr. (letter to the editor)

  4. Molecular dynamics simulation of kink in 《100》 edge dislocation in body centred cubic iron

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN LiQun; WANG ChongYu; YU Tao

    2007-01-01

    Using the molecular dynamics method, we have constructed two kink models corresponding to the {010} and {011} edge dislocations (EDs) in body centred cubic (bcc) Fe.It is found that the geometric structure of a kink depends on the type of edge dislocation and the structural energies of the atoms sites in the dislocation core region.The formation energies, migration energies and widths of the kinks in different types of EDs are calculated.The results show that formation and migration of the kink in the {010} edge dislocation are difficult.The {011} edge dislocation moves primarily through kink nucleation, rather than kink migration.

  5. Face-Centred-Cubic Artificial Opal Embedded with CdS Quantum Dots

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐岭; 李明海; 张宇; 马懿; 徐骏; 黄信凡; 陈坤基

    2002-01-01

    Highly monodispersed colloidal silica spheres in sub-micrometre size with distribution standard deviation less than 5% were synthesized by a chemical method. Using the self-crystallization of the silica spheres, we successfully obtained the three-dimensional close-packed face-centred-cubic silica matrices and artificial opals. Then,a colloidal photonic crystal embedded with CdS quantum dots (QDs) was also chemically prepared by using artificial opals as a template. A reflection spectra study reveals that both artificial opals with and without CdS QDs possess (111) directional photonic bandgap features.

  6. Deformation twinning in small-sized face-centred cubic single crystals: Experiments and modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Z. Y.; Huang, M. X.

    2015-12-01

    Small-sized crystals generally show deformation behaviour distinct from their bulk counterparts. In addition to dislocation slip, deformation twinning in small-sized face-centred cubic (FCC) single crystals has been reported to follow a different mechanism which involves coherent emission of partial dislocations on successive { 111 } planes from free surface. The present work employed a twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steel with a low stacking fault energy to systematically investigate the twin evolution in small-sized FCC single crystals. Micrometre-sized single crystal pillars of TWIP steel were fabricated by focus ion beam and then strained to different levels by compression experiments. Detailed transmission electron microscopy characterization was carried out to obtain a quantitative evaluation of the deformation twins, which contribute to most of the plastic strain. Emissions of partial dislocations from free surface (surface sources) and pre-existing perfect dislocations inside the pillar (inner sources) are found as the essential processes for the formation of deformation twins. Accordingly, a physically-based model, which integrates source introduction methods and source activation criterions for partial dislocation emission, is developed to quantitatively predict the twin evolution. The model is able to reproduce the experimental twin evolution, in terms of the total twin formation, the twin morphology and the occurrence of twinning burst.

  7. Effect of Precursor Mechanism on CO-NO Catalytic Reaction on Body-Centred Cubic Structure: Monte Carlo Simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A. U. Qaisrani; M. Khalid; M. K.Khan

    2005-01-01

    @@ The CO-NO catalytic reaction on body-centred cubic (bcc) lattice is studied by Monte Carlo simulation. The simple Langmuir-Hinshelwood (LH) mechanism yields a steady reactive window, which is separated by continuous and discontinuous irreversible phase transitions. The effect of precursor mechanism on the phase diagram of the system is also studied. According to this mechanism, the precursor motion of CO molecules is considered only on the surface of bcc lattice. Some interesting observations are reported.

  8. Transition from amorphous Fe to polycrystalline body-centred-cubic Fe in Gd/Fe and Dy/Fe multilayered thin films

    CERN Document Server

    Engl, K; Zweck, J

    2002-01-01

    Rare-earth/iron multilayered thin films were magnetron sputtered to investigate the thickness-dependent transition from amorphous iron to polycrystalline body-centred-cubic iron. To characterize this transition it is necessary to get information about the average short-range order (SRO) in the multilayers. A unique technique for measuring this SRO is calculating pair distribution functions (PDFs) from reduced intensity functions by using high-energy electron diffraction in a 300 kV transmission electron microscope. With a maximum resolution in the PDFs of 0.024 nm, this method offers a high sensitivity for the investigation of the SRO. Due to the planar probing characteristics of the experiment, one gets structure information on interfaces rather than from the bulk structure. A further advantage of this method is that no specimen preparation is necessary. Therefore preparation artefacts can be excluded.

  9. Effects of Temperature on Structure and Mobility of the <100> Edge Dislocation in Body-Centred Cubic Iron

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Terentyev, Dmitry [Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, SCK-CEN; Osetskiy, Yury N [ORNL; Bacon, David J [University of Liverpool

    2010-01-01

    Dislocation segments with Burgers vector b = <1 0 0> are formed during deformation of body-centred-cubic (bcc) metals by the interaction between dislocations with b = 1/2<1 1 1>. Such segments are also created by reactions between dislocations and dislocation loops in irradiated bcc metals. The obstacle resistance produced by these segments on gliding dislocations is controlled by their mobility, which is determined in turn by the atomic structure of their cores. The core structure of a straight <1 0 0> edge dislocation is investigated here by atomic-scale computer simulation for {alpha}-iron using three different interatomic potentials. At low temperature the dislocation has a non-planar core consisting of two 1/2<1 1 1> fractional dislocations with atomic disregistry spread on planes inclined to the main glide plane. Increasing temperature modifies this core structure and so reduces the critical applied shear stress for glide of the <1 0 0> dislocation. It is concluded that the response of the <1 0 0> edge dislocation to temperature or applied stress determines specific reaction pathways occurring between a moving dislocation and 1/2<1 1 1> dislocation loops. The implications of this for plastic flow in unirradiated and irradiated ferritic materials are discussed and demonstrated by examples.

  10. Effects of temperature on structure and mobility of the <1 0 0> edge dislocation in body-centred cubic iron

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Terentyev, D.A., E-mail: dterenty@sckcen.be [Nuclear Materials Science Institute, SCK CEN, Boeretang 200, B-2400, Mol (Belgium); Osetsky, Yu. N. [Materials Sciences and Technology, ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Bacon, D.J. [Department of Engineering, University of Liverpool, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GH (United Kingdom)

    2010-04-15

    Dislocation segments with Burgers vector b = <1 0 0> are formed during deformation of body-centred-cubic (bcc) metals by the interaction between dislocations with b = 1/2<1 1 1>. Such segments are also created by reactions between dislocations and dislocation loops in irradiated bcc metals. The obstacle resistance produced by these segments on gliding dislocations is controlled by their mobility, which is determined in turn by the atomic structure of their cores. The core structure of a straight <1 0 0> edge dislocation is investigated here by atomic-scale computer simulation for {alpha}-iron using three different interatomic potentials. At low temperature the dislocation has a non-planar core consisting of two 1/2<1 1 1> fractional dislocations with atomic disregistry spread on planes inclined to the main glide plane. Increasing temperature modifies this core structure and so reduces the critical applied shear stress for glide of the <1 0 0> dislocation. It is concluded that the response of the <1 0 0> edge dislocation to temperature or applied stress determines specific reaction pathways occurring between a moving dislocation and 1/2<1 1 1> dislocation loops. The implications of this for plastic flow in unirradiated and irradiated ferritic materials are discussed and demonstrated by examples.

  11. <解説> A Guide to Discriminating the Rhombohedral Cell from the Face-Centred Pseudo Cubic Cell 

    OpenAIRE

    Ishizawa, Nobuo; Inagaki, Yumi; イシザワ, ノブオ; イナガキ, ユミ; 石澤, 伸夫; 稲垣, 友美

    2009-01-01

    The crystal in cubic system contains four 3-fold axes with different orientations,whereas the rhombohedral modification with the face-centred pseudo cubic cellcontains only one ‘true’ 3-fold axis. The discrimination of the ‘true’ 3-fold axis fromthe other three ‘pseudo’ 3-fold axes is not difficult when the rhombohedral distortionis large. However, the difficulty increases as the distortion becomes small andthe cell dimensions become very close to values of ‘metrically cubic’. This note first...

  12. Recommendations for centres of expertise in rare anaemias. The ENERCA White Book

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan-Lluis Vives Corrons

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Community added value of Centres of Expertise (CoE and European Reference Networks (ERN is particularly high for rare diseases (RD due to the rarity of these conditions, which implies both a small number of patients and scarcity of expertise within a single country. Gathering expertise at the European level is therefore, paramount in order to ensure equal access to accurate information, appropriate and timely diagnosis and high quality clinical care and follow up for patients with rare diseases. This applies particularly to rare anaemias due to the high number of different rare diseases that constitute this group. In this context, the European Network for Rare and Congenital Anaemias (ENERCA, co-financed by the European Commission, was created in 2002 with the aim of prevention and management of rare anaemias (RA and the development and promotion of policies to improve the well-being of European Union citizens. The ENERCA White Book is a position paper, developed as a deliverable of the ENERCA (phase 3 project that intends to contribute to the creation of a ERN in RA (ERN-RA by preparation of the recommendations and, in particular, the definition of the criteria that CoE, local centres (LC and their interrelations have to fulfil as healthcare providers. It has been nourished by all the activities that have been performed over the past ten years within the ENERCA framework. The White Book is addressed to authorities in charge of the identifying CoE, as an essential requirement for the official recognition of the ERN, to European and national health authorities, Healthcare centres and health professionals, as well as to all other stakeholders interested in RA. It is also addressed to the patients, as a way to empower their community in this process. One particular characteristic of the White Book is the integration of the three main aspects of a CoE: a ethical and legal frameworks to ensure the non-discrimination and non-stigmatisation of rare

  13. Efficient dual-wavelength excitation of Tb3+ emission in rare-earth doped KYF4 cubic nanocrystals dispersed in silica sol-gel matrix

    Science.gov (United States)

    del-Castillo, J.; Yanes, A. C.; Santana-Alonso, A.; Méndez-Ramos, J.

    2014-11-01

    Energy transfer from Ce3+ to Tb3+ ions under UV excitation, giving rise to visible emissions, is investigated in sol-gel derived transparent nano-glass-ceramics containing cubic KYF4 nanocrystals, for different doping concentrations of rare-earth ions. Moreover, visible emissions of Tb3+ are also obtained under near-infrared excitation through energy transfer from Yb3+ ions by means of cooperative up-conversion processes. Thus, Ce3+-Tb3+-Yb3+ doped nano-glass-ceramics can be activated in a dual-wavelength mode yielding efficient blue-green emissions of particular interest in photovoltaic silicon solar cells and white-light emitting diodes.

  14. Palliative approach in advanced pelvic osteosarcoma: a single centre experience of a rare disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritesh Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Conclusions: Pelvic osteosarcomas are rare neoplasms with aggressive growth patterns. Survival results are poor in view of advanced stage of presentation and difficult surgical approaches. The combined modality approach is needed to improve the results.

  15. Rare etiological factor of maxillofacial injury: Case series seen and managed in a tertiary referral centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braimah, Ramat Oyebunmi; Ibikunle, Adebayo Aremu; Taiwo, Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju

    2016-01-01

    Entanglement injury from local milling/grinding machine with a conveyor belt is a rare etiology of maxillofacial injuries. While there is abundant literature on industrial cause of trauma, entanglement injury as a mechanism has not been reported in the literature. We present two cases of maxillofacial injury secondary to entanglement of the loose apparel into the conveyor belt of the local grinding machine. The community should be aware of this rare cause of trauma, and adequate protection of children using these facilities should be enforced. One of such measure is to provide physical barriers to guard against these machines. PMID:27162440

  16. Rare etiological factor of maxillofacial injury: Case series seen and managed in a tertiary referral centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Entanglement injury from local milling/grinding machine with a conveyor belt is a rare etiology of maxillofacial injuries. While there is abundant literature on industrial cause of trauma, entanglement injury as a mechanism has not been reported in the literature. We present two cases of maxillofacial injury secondary to entanglement of the loose apparel into the conveyor belt of the local grinding machine. The community should be aware of this rare cause of trauma, and adequate protection of children using these facilities should be enforced. One of such measure is to provide physical barriers to guard against these machines.

  17. A rare case of sigmoid volvulus complicating pregnancy in a Tertiary care centre: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajarajeswari Ramalingam

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Intestinal obstruction complicating pregnancy is an extremely rare complication during pregnancy. Volvulus of the sigmoid colon is the most common cause of intestinal obstruction complicating pregnancy accounting for upto 44% of the aetiology. We report a case of sigmoid volvulus complicating pregnancy in a woman with 34 weeks amenorrhoea which was diagnosed early in spite of its late presentation and successfully managed with resection and primary anastamosis. Sigmoid volvulus complicating pregnancy carries a high maternal mortality and morbidity, fetal mortality and needs a high index of suspicion and early surgical intervention. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(4.000: 1273-1275

  18. Polycythemia as rare secondary direct manifestation of acromegaly: management and single-centre epidemiological data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoppoli, Gabriele; Bianchi, Federico; Bruzzone, Andrea; Calvia, Alessandro; Oneto, Caterina; Passalia, Caterina; Balleari, Enrico; Bedognetti, Davide; Ponomareva, Elena; Nazzari, Elena; Castelletti, Lara; Castellan, Lucio; Minuto, Francesco; Ghio, Riccardo; Ferone, Diego

    2012-06-01

    Polycythemia associated with acromegaly is usually caused by the systemic manifestations of the disease, such as sleep-apnea or concomitant erythropoietin-secreting kidney tumors. The recognition of underlying pathologies requires a thorough diagnostic process. We report a unique case of acromegaly with polycythemia, not caused by commonly described manifestations of the disease, and receding with octreotide therapy. The medical history of 141 acromegalic patients followed by the Endocrinology Unit of the San Martino University Hospital in Genoa has been also reviewed, together with the literature evidence for similar cases. The diagnostic workflow and 2-years follow-up of a 43-years old acromegalic, polycythemic man with a history of past smoking, moderate hypertension, and mental retardation are described. The hematological parameters of our cohort was retrospectively compared with those of a healthy, age/gender-related control group as well. Therapy with octreotide LAR, 20 mg i.m. q28d was begun soon after diagnosis of acromegaly in the polycythemic patient. Haematocrit level, hormonal setting, as well as pituitary tumor size and visual perimetry during treatment were recorded. Octreotide LAR treatment normalized hormonal alterations, as well as hematological parameters. Polycythemia has not recurred after 2 years of therapy. The median hemoglobin and hematocrit levels of the retrospectively analyzed cohort of acromegalic were significantly lower than normal ranges of a healthy, age/sex- related control population. In conclusions, polycythemia can be a direct, albeit rare, secondary manifestation of acromegaly, that must be considered during the diagnostic work-up of acromegalic patients presenting with such disorder.

  19. Metastases to oro-maxillo-facial region from distant sites: are they so rare? A single centre 8-years experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terenzi, Valentina; Cassoni, Andrea; Zadeh, Oriana Rajabtork; Raponi, Ingrid; Della Monaca, Marco; Bartoli, Davina; Battisti, Andrea; Valentini, Valentino

    2015-01-01

    Le metastasi nel distretto maxillo- facciale sono rare e rappresentano circa l’1% di tutte le neoplasie cervicofacciali. Nella maggioranza dei casi il tumore primitivo è già noto e risulta essere localizzato più frequentemente al polmone e alla mammella ma in circa il 30% dei casi le lesioni secondarie vengono individuate prima che sia stato diagnosticato il tumore primitivo. Abbiamo condotto uno studio retrospettivo raccogliendo 15 casi di metastasi a distanza a localizzazione cervico- facciale nel periodo compreso tra il 2004 e il 2012. I nostri risultati dimostrano che la mammella e il rene sono le sedi primarie più frequenti (40% e 20% rispettivamente) , il tipo istologico più rappresentato è l’adenocarcinoma (60%). L’interessamento dei tessuti duri è risultato essere più frequente rispetto ai tessuti molli (53,3%). La mandibola (5/15 casi) è risultato essere il segmento osseo più frequentemente affetto e la regione molare e retromolare mandibolari sono le sottosedi più spesso interessate. Abbiamo identificato un solo caso di metastasi da tumore primitivo occulto: si è trattato di una localizzazione secondaria a carico del mascellare inferiore a partire da un tumore renale a cellule chiare . In conclusione sulla base dei risultati ottenuti e considerando l’aumento dell’aspettativa di vita nei pazienti oncologici, nonostante le metastasi localizzate nel distretto oromaxillo- facciale siano rare, è importante sospettare ,o quantomeno non escludere aprioristicamente, lesioni secondarie sia nei pazienti con anamnesi positiva per patologia neoplastica, sia nei i pazienti che presentano una lesione cervico facciale.

  20. Cubic Subalgebras and Cubic Closed Ideals of B-algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tapan Senapati

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the concept of cubic set to subalgebras, ideals and closed ideals of B-algebras are introduced. Relations among cubic subalgebras with cubic ideals and cubic closed ideals of B-algebras investigated. The homomorphic image and inverse image of cubic subalgebras, ideals are studied and some related properties are investigated. Also, the product of cubic B-algebras are investigated.

  1. Einsteinian cubic gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bueno, Pablo; Cano, Pablo A.

    2016-11-01

    We drastically simplify the problem of linearizing a general higher-order theory of gravity. We reduce it to the evaluation of its Lagrangian on a particular Riemann tensor depending on two parameters, and the computation of two derivatives with respect to one of those parameters. We use our method to construct a D -dimensional cubic theory of gravity which satisfies the following properties: (1) it shares the spectrum of Einstein gravity, i.e., it only propagates a transverse and massless graviton on a maximally symmetric background; (2) it is defined in the same way in general dimensions; (3) it is neither trivial nor topological in four dimensions. Up to cubic order in curvature, the only previously known theories satisfying the first two requirements are the Lovelock ones. We show that, up to cubic order, there exists only one additional theory satisfying requirements (1) and (2). Interestingly, this theory is, along with Einstein gravity, the only one which also satisfies (3).

  2. Rare occurrence of occult hepatitis C virus in apparently uninfected injecting drug users: a two-centre, masked, case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugden, P B; Pham, T N Q; Ratnarajah, S; Cameron, B; Bull, R; White, P A; Michalak, T I; Lloyd, A R

    2013-10-01

    Occult hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a phenomenon where serum HCV RNA is not detected by sensitive commercial assays, but viral RNA is detected by ultrasensitive techniques. Occult HCV infection has not previously been studied in highly exposed, but apparently uninfected (EU) individuals. Two studies examining occult infection in EU subjects were undertaken - an initial two-centre, masked, case-control study based on cross-sectional samples (n = 35 subjects) and a single-centre confirmatory study based on longitudinal samples (n = 32 subjects). Plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were tested for HCV RNA using an ultrasensitive nested polymerase chain reaction assays. Two EU subjects in the first study (10%) and one in the second study (3%) were found to have consistently detectable HCV RNA. Occult HCV infection occurs in high-risk, apparently uninfected subjects.

  3. Guarded Cubical Type Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkedal, Lars; Bizjak, Aleš; Clouston, Ranald;

    2016-01-01

    This paper improves the treatment of equality in guarded dependent type theory (GDTT), by combining it with cubical type theory (CTT). GDTT is an extensional type theory with guarded recursive types, which are useful for building models of program logics, and for programming and reasoning with co...

  4. Guarded Cubical Type Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkedal, Lars; Bizjak, Aleš; Clouston, Ranald;

    2016-01-01

    This paper improves the treatment of equality in guarded dependent type theory (GDTT), by combining it with cubical type theory (CTT). GDTT is an extensional type theory with guarded recursive types, which are useful for building models of program logics, and for programming and reasoning...... with coinductive types. We wish to implement GDTT with decidable type-checking, while still supporting non-trivial equality proofs that reason about the extensions of guarded recursive constructions. CTT is a variation of Martin-L\\"of type theory in which the identity type is replaced by abstract paths between...... terms. CTT provides a computational interpretation of functional extensionality, is conjectured to have decidable type checking, and has an implemented type-checker. Our new type theory, called guarded cubical type theory, provides a computational interpretation of extensionality for guarded recursive...

  5. Guarded Cubical Type Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkedal, Lars; Bizjak, Aleš; Clouston, Ranald;

    2016-01-01

    This paper improves the treatment of equality in guarded dependent type theory (GDTT), by combining it with cubical type theory (CTT). GDTT is an extensional type theory with guarded recursive types, which are useful for building models of program logics, and for programming and reasoning...... with coinductive types. We wish to implement GDTT with decidable type checking, while still supporting non-trivial equality proofs that reason about the extensions of guarded recursive constructions. CTT is a variation of Martin-L\\"of type theory in which the identity type is replaced by abstract paths between...... terms. CTT provides a computational interpretation of functional extensionality, enjoys canonicity for the natural numbers type, and is conjectured to support decidable type-checking. Our new type theory, guarded cubical type theory (GCTT), provides a computational interpretation of extensionality...

  6. Anisotropic cubic curvature couplings

    CERN Document Server

    Bailey, Quentin G

    2016-01-01

    To complement recent work on tests of spacetime symmetry in gravity, cubic curvature couplings are studied using an effective field theory description of spacetime-symmetry breaking. The associated mass dimension 8 coefficients for Lorentz violation studied do not result in any linearized gravity modifications and instead are revealed in the first nonlinear terms in an expansion of spacetime around a flat background. We consider effects on gravitational radiation through the energy loss of a binary system and we study two-body orbital perturbations using the post-Newtonian metric. Some effects depend on the internal structure of the source and test bodies, thereby breaking the Weak Equivalence Principle for self-gravitating bodies. These coefficients can be measured in solar-system tests, while binary-pulsar systems and short-range gravity tests are particularly sensitive.

  7. Danish Anaesthesia Allergy Centre - preliminary results

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garvey, L H; Roed-Petersen, J; Menné, T

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Anaphylactoid reactions in anaesthesia are rare and should ideally be investigated in specialist centres. At Gentofte University Hospital, we established such a centre in 1998 as a joint venture between the Departments of Anaesthesiology and Dermatology. We present the methodology, di...

  8. Neighbourhood Centres – Organisation, Management and Finance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jacob Norvig

    public subsidy. Some of the centres have high number of users on a daily basis, whereas others are only rarely used. It is explored how organisation, management and financial set-up differs among the centres. Quantitative data on financial issues and annual accounts of fifteen centres were analysed......From the late 1990s neighbourhood centres were brought to the fore of public urban regen-eration policy, because they were seen as a means to accelerate the formation of social capital in deprived urban neighbourhoods. A number of such local community centres were established with substantial...... to identify different financial models and analyse economic sustainability. As regards organisational and management models data were collected through documentary sources and by means of personal interviews and field visits to ten centres. Even within the analysed limited population of centres economic...

  9. Universal Reconfiguration of (Hyper-)cubic Robots

    OpenAIRE

    Abel, Zachary; Kominers, Scott D.

    2008-01-01

    We study a simple reconfigurable robot model which has not been previously examined: cubic robots comprised of three-dimensional cubic modules which can slide across each other and rotate about each others' edges. We demonstrate that the cubic robot model is universal, i.e., that an n-module cubic robot can reconfigure itself into any specified n-module configuration. Additionally, we provide an algorithm that efficiently plans and executes cubic robot motion. Our results directly extend to a...

  10. The diagonalization of cubic matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cocolicchio, D.; Viggiano, M.

    2000-08-01

    This paper is devoted to analysing the problem of the diagonalization of cubic matrices. We extend the familiar algebraic approach which is based on the Cardano formulae. We rewrite the complex roots of the associated resolvent secular equation in terms of transcendental functions and we derive the diagonalizing matrix.

  11. Cryptographic Analysis in Cubic Time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielson, Flemming; Nielson, Hanne Riis; Seidl, H.

    2004-01-01

    The spi-calculus is a variant of the polyadic pi-calculus that admits symmetric cryptography and that admits expressing communication protocols in a precise though still abstract way. This paper shows that context-independent control flow analysis can be calculated in cubic time despite the fact ...

  12. Cubication of conservative nonlinear oscillators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belendez, Augusto; Alvarez, Mariela L [Departamento de Fisica, Ingenieria de Sistemas y Teoria de la Senal, Universidad de Alicante, Apartado 99, E-03080 Alicante (Spain); Fernandez, Elena; Pascual, Inmaculada [Departamento de Optica, FarmacologIa y Anatomia, Universidad de Alicante, Apartado 99, E-03080 Alicante (Spain)], E-mail: a.belendez@ua.es

    2009-09-15

    A cubication procedure of the nonlinear differential equation for conservative nonlinear oscillators is analysed and discussed. This scheme is based on the Chebyshev series expansion of the restoring force, and this allows us to approximate the original nonlinear differential equation by a Duffing equation in which the coefficients for the linear and cubic terms depend on the initial amplitude, A, while in a Taylor expansion of the restoring force these coefficients are independent of A. The replacement of the original nonlinear equation by an approximate Duffing equation allows us to obtain an approximate frequency-amplitude relation as a function of the complete elliptic integral of the first kind. Some conservative nonlinear oscillators are analysed to illustrate the usefulness and effectiveness of this scheme.

  13. Numbers for reducible cubic scrolls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Israel Vainsencher

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available We show how to compute the number of reducible cubic scrolls of codimension 2 in (math blackboard symbol Pn incident to the appropriate number of linear spaces.Mostramos como calcular o número de rolos cúbicos redutíveis de codimensão 2 em (math blackboard symbol Pn incidentes a espaços lineares apropriados.

  14. Cubic Matrix, Nambu Mechanics and Beyond

    OpenAIRE

    Kawamura, Y

    2002-01-01

    We propose a generalization of cubic matrix mechanics by introducing a canonical triplet and study its relation to Nambu mechanics. The generalized cubic matrix mechanics we consider can be interpreted as a “quantum” generalization of Nambu mechanics.

  15. Cubical sets and the topological topos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spitters, Bas

    2016-01-01

    Coquand's cubical set model for homotopy type theory provides the basis for a computational interpretation of the univalence axiom and some higher inductive types, as implemented in the cubical proof assistant. This paper contributes to the understanding of this model. We make three contributions...... show that it can also be a target for cubical realization by showing that Coquand's cubical sets classify the geometric theory of flat distributive lattices. As a side result, we obtain a simplicial realization of a cubical set. 2. Using the internal `interval' in the topos of cubical sets, we...... construct a Moore path model of identity types. 3. We construct a premodel structure internally in the cubical type theory and hence on the fibrant objects in cubical sets....

  16. Solving Cubic Equations by Polynomial Decomposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulkarni, Raghavendra G.

    2011-01-01

    Several mathematicians struggled to solve cubic equations, and in 1515 Scipione del Ferro reportedly solved the cubic while participating in a local mathematical contest, but did not bother to publish his method. Then it was Cardano (1539) who first published the solution to the general cubic equation in his book "The Great Art, or, The Rules of…

  17. Cubic Icosahedra? A Problem in Assigning Symmetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, D. R.

    2010-01-01

    There is a standard convention that the icosahedral groups are classified separately from the cubic groups, but these two symmetry types have been conflated as "cubic" in some chemistry textbooks. In this note, the connection between cubic and icosahedral symmetries is examined, using a simple pictorial model. It is shown that octahedral and…

  18. Cubic colloids : Synthesis, functionalization and applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Castillo, S.I.R.

    2015-01-01

    This thesis is a study on cubic colloids: micron-sized cubic particles with rounded corners (cubic superballs). Owing to their shape, particle packing for cubes is more efficient than for spheres and results in fascinating phase and packing behavior. For our cubes, the particle volume fraction when

  19. Cubic metaplectic forms and theta functions

    CERN Document Server

    Proskurin, Nikolai

    1998-01-01

    The book is an introduction to the theory of cubic metaplectic forms on the 3-dimensional hyperbolic space and the author's research on cubic metaplectic forms on special linear and symplectic groups of rank 2. The topics include: Kubota and Bass-Milnor-Serre homomorphisms, cubic metaplectic Eisenstein series, cubic theta functions, Whittaker functions. A special method is developed and applied to find Fourier coefficients of the Eisenstein series and cubic theta functions. The book is intended for readers, with beginning graduate-level background, interested in further research in the theory of metaplectic forms and in possible applications.

  20. Transparent polycrystalline cubic silicon nitride

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishiyama, Norimasa; Ishikawa, Ryo; Ohfuji, Hiroaki; Marquardt, Hauke; Kurnosov, Alexander; Taniguchi, Takashi; Kim, Byung-Nam; Yoshida, Hidehiro; Masuno, Atsunobu; Bednarcik, Jozef; Kulik, Eleonora; Ikuhara, Yuichi; Wakai, Fumihiro; Irifune, Tetsuo

    2017-01-01

    Glasses and single crystals have traditionally been used as optical windows. Recently, there has been a high demand for harder and tougher optical windows that are able to endure severe conditions. Transparent polycrystalline ceramics can fulfill this demand because of their superior mechanical properties. It is known that polycrystalline ceramics with a spinel structure in compositions of MgAl2O4 and aluminum oxynitride (γ-AlON) show high optical transparency. Here we report the synthesis of the hardest transparent spinel ceramic, i.e. polycrystalline cubic silicon nitride (c-Si3N4). This material shows an intrinsic optical transparency over a wide range of wavelengths below its band-gap energy (258 nm) and is categorized as one of the third hardest materials next to diamond and cubic boron nitride (cBN). Since the high temperature metastability of c-Si3N4 in air is superior to those of diamond and cBN, the transparent c-Si3N4 ceramic can potentially be used as a window under extremely severe conditions. PMID:28303948

  1. The effects of next-to-nearest-neighbour hopping on Bose–Einstein condensation in cubic lattices

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    G K Chaudhary; R Ramakumar

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we present results of our calculations on the effects of next-to-nearest-neighbour boson hopping (′) energy on Bose–Einstein condensation in cubic lattices. We consider both non-interacting and repulsively interacting bosons moving in the lowest Bloch band. The interacting bosons are studied using Bogoliubov method. We find that the Bose condensation temperature is enhanced by increasing ′ for bosons in a simple cubic (sc) lattice and decreases for bosons in body-centred cubic (bcc) and face-centred cubic (fcc) lattices. We also find that interaction-induced depletion of the condensate is reduced for bosons in an sc lattice while it is enhanced for bosons in bcc and fcc lattices.

  2. Tame Kernels of Pure Cubic Fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Yun CHENG

    2012-01-01

    In this paper,we study the p-rank of the tame kernels of pure cubic fields.In particular,we prove that for a fixed positive integer m,there exist infinitely many pure cubic fields whose 3-rank of the tame kernel equal to m.As an application,we determine the 3-rank of their tame kernels for some special pure cubic fields.

  3. Cubical local partial orders on cubically subdivided spaces - Existence and construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fajstrup, Lisbeth

    2006-01-01

    The geometric models of higher dimensional automata (HDA) and Dijkstra's PV-model are cubically subdivided topological spaces with a local partial order. If a cubicalization of a topological space is free of immersed cubic Möbius bands, then there are consistent choices of direction in all cubes...

  4. Cubical local partial orders on cubically subdivided spaces - existence and construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fajstrup, Lisbeth

    The geometric models of Higher Dimensional Automata and Dijkstra's PV-model are cubically subdivided topological spaces with a local partial order. If a cubicalization of a topological space is free of immersed cubic Möbius bands, then there are consistent choices of direction in all cubes...

  5. CMS Centre at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    A new "CMS Centre" is being established on the CERN Meyrin site by the CMS collaboration. It will be a focal point for communications, where physicists will work together on data quality monitoring, detector calibration, offline analysis of physics events, and CMS computing operations. Construction of the CMS Centre begins in the historic Proton Synchrotron (PS) control room. The historic Proton Synchrotron (PS) control room, Opened by Niels Bohr in 1960, will be reused by CMS to built its control centre. TThe LHC@FNAL Centre, in operation at Fermilab in the US, will work very closely with the CMS Centre, as well as the CERN Control Centre. (Photo Fermilab)The historic Proton Synchrotron (PS) control room is about to start a new life. Opened by Niels Bohr in 1960, the room will be reused by CMS to built its control centre. When finished, it will resemble the CERN Contro...

  6. CLASSIFICATION OF CUBIC PARAMETERIZED HOMOGENEOUS VECTOR FIELDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Karnal H.Yasir; TANG Yun

    2002-01-01

    In this paper the cubic homogeneous parameterized vector fields are studied.The classification of the phase portrait near the critical point is presented. This classification is an extension of the result given by Takens to the cubic homogeneous parameterized vector fields with six parameters.

  7. CLASSIFICATION OF CUBIC PARAMETERIZED HOMOGENEOUS VECTOR FIELDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KamalH.Yasir; TNAGYun

    2002-01-01

    In this paper the cubic homogeneous parameterized vector fields are studied.The classification of the phase portrait near the critical point is presented.This classification is an extension of the result given by takens to the cubic homogeneous parameterized vector fields with six parameters.

  8. Expert services for rare anaemias across Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatrice Gulbis

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available New challenges and priorities are given in the EU Health programme 2007-2013. The objectives of the programme are to improve citizens’ health security, to promote health to improve prosperity and solidarity, and to generate and disseminate health knowledge. If challenges and priorities have been defined globally for rare diseases by the European Commission, persons involved in rare anaemias have taken the opportunity to contribute to the empowerment of patients with rare anaemias. One of the ENERCA partners objectives was the mapping of existing centres that take care of patients with rare anaemias in Europe. Another goal was to obtain a directory of facilities available per centre for patients with rare anaemias. We thought that with those results it could realistically help to define a consensus regarding the criteria to be recognised as a centre of expertise for haemoglobinopathies and very rare anaemias.

  9. Ultrahard nanotwinned cubic boron nitride.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Yongjun; Xu, Bo; Yu, Dongli; Ma, Yanming; Wang, Yanbin; Jiang, Yingbing; Hu, Wentao; Tang, Chengchun; Gao, Yufei; Luo, Kun; Zhao, Zhisheng; Wang, Li-Min; Wen, Bin; He, Julong; Liu, Zhongyuan

    2013-01-17

    Cubic boron nitride (cBN) is a well known superhard material that has a wide range of industrial applications. Nanostructuring of cBN is an effective way to improve its hardness by virtue of the Hall-Petch effect--the tendency for hardness to increase with decreasing grain size. Polycrystalline cBN materials are often synthesized by using the martensitic transformation of a graphite-like BN precursor, in which high pressures and temperatures lead to puckering of the BN layers. Such approaches have led to synthetic polycrystalline cBN having grain sizes as small as ∼14 nm (refs 1, 2, 4, 5). Here we report the formation of cBN with a nanostructure dominated by fine twin domains of average thickness ∼3.8 nm. This nanotwinned cBN was synthesized from specially prepared BN precursor nanoparticles possessing onion-like nested structures with intrinsically puckered BN layers and numerous stacking faults. The resulting nanotwinned cBN bulk samples are optically transparent with a striking combination of physical properties: an extremely high Vickers hardness (exceeding 100 GPa, the optimal hardness of synthetic diamond), a high oxidization temperature (∼1,294 °C) and a large fracture toughness (>12 MPa m(1/2), well beyond the toughness of commercial cemented tungsten carbide, ∼10 MPa m(1/2)). We show that hardening of cBN is continuous with decreasing twin thickness down to the smallest sizes investigated, contrasting with the expected reverse Hall-Petch effect below a critical grain size or the twin thickness of ∼10-15 nm found in metals and alloys.

  10. Cubic III-nitrides: potential photonic materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onabe, K.; Sanorpim, S.; Kato, H.; Kakuda, M.; Nakamura, T.; Nakamura, K.; Kuboya, S.; Katayama, R.

    2011-01-01

    The growth and characterization of some cubic III-nitride films on suitable cubic substrates have been done, namely, c- GaN on GaAs by MOVPE, c-GaN and c-AlGaN on MgO by RF-MBE, and c-InN and c-InGaN (In-rich) on YSZ by RFMBE. This series of study has been much focused on the cubic-phase purity as dependent on the respective growth conditions and resulting electrical and optical properties. For c-GaN and c-InN films, a cubic-phase purity higher than 95% is attained in spite of the metastable nature of the cubic III-nitrides. However, for c-AlGaN and c-InGaN films, the cubic-phase purity is rapidly degraded with significant incorporation of the hexagonal phase through stacking faults on cubic {111} faces which may be exposed on the roughened growing or substrate surface. It has been shown that the electron mobilities in c-GaN and c-AlGaN films are much related to phase purity.

  11. Cubic Curves, Finite Geometry and Cryptography

    CERN Document Server

    Bruen, A A; Wehlau, D L

    2011-01-01

    Some geometry on non-singular cubic curves, mainly over finite fields, is surveyed. Such a curve has 9,3,1 or 0 points of inflexion, and cubic curves are classified accordingly. The group structure and the possible numbers of rational points are also surveyed. A possible strengthening of the security of elliptic curve cryptography is proposed using a `shared secret' related to the group law. Cubic curves are also used in a new way to construct sets of points having various combinatorial and geometric properties that are of particular interest in finite Desarguesian planes.

  12. Cubical sets as a classifying topos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spitters, Bas

    Coquand’s cubical set model for homotopy type theory provides the basis for a computational interpretation of the univalence axiom and some higher inductive types, as implemented in the cubical proof assistant. We show that the underlying cube category is the opposite of the Lawvere theory of De...... Morgan algebras. The topos of cubical sets itself classifies the theory of ‘free De Morgan algebras’. This provides us with a topos with an internal ‘interval’. Using this interval we construct a model of type theory following van den Berg and Garner. We are currently investigating the precise relation...

  13. Deformation behaviour of body centered cubic iron nanopillars containing coherent twin boundaries

    OpenAIRE

    Sainath, G.; Choudhary, B. K.

    2016-01-01

    Molecular dynamics simulations were performed to understand the role of twin boundaries on deformation behaviour of body-centred cubic (BCC) iron (Fe) nanopillars. The twin boundaries varying from one to five providing twin boundary spacing in the range 8.5 - 2.8 nm were introduced perpendicular to the loading direction. The simulation results indicated that the twin boundaries in BCC Fe play a contrasting role during deformation under tensile and compressive loadings. During tensile deformat...

  14. 2-rational Cubic Spline Involving Tension Parameters

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M Shrivastava; J Joseph

    2000-08-01

    In the present paper, 1-piecewise rational cubic spline function involving tension parameters is considered which produces a monotonic interpolant to a given monotonic data set. It is observed that under certain conditions the interpolant preserves the convexity property of the data set. The existence and uniqueness of a 2-rational cubic spline interpolant are established. The error analysis of the spline interpolant is also given.

  15. Semisymmetric Cubic Graphs of Order 162

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mehdi Alaeiyan; Hamid A Tavallaee; B N Onagh

    2010-02-01

    An undirected graph without isolated vertices is said to be semisymmetric if its full automorphism group acts transitively on its edge set but not on its vertex set. In this paper, we inquire the existence of connected semisymmetric cubic graphs of order 162. It is shown that for every odd prime , there exists a semisymmetric cubic graph of order 162 and its structure is explicitly specified by giving the corresponding voltage rules generating the covering projections.

  16. MOVING SCREW DISLOCATION IN CUBIC QUASICRYSTAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Wang-min; SONG Yu-hai

    2005-01-01

    The elasticity theory of the dislocation of cubic quasicrystals is developed.The governing equations of anti-plane elasticity dynamics problem of the quasicrystals were reduced to a solution of wave equations by introducing displacement functions,and the analytical expressions of displacements, stresses and energies induced by a moving screw dislocation in the cubic quasicrystalline and the velocity limit of the dislocation were obtained. These provide important information for studying the plastic deformation of the new solid material.

  17. Cubical version of combinatorial differential forms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kock, Anders

    2010-01-01

    The theory of combinatorial differential forms is usually presented in simplicial terms. We present here a cubical version; it depends on the possibility of forming affine combinations of mutual neighbour points in a manifold, in the context of synthetic differential geometry.......The theory of combinatorial differential forms is usually presented in simplicial terms. We present here a cubical version; it depends on the possibility of forming affine combinations of mutual neighbour points in a manifold, in the context of synthetic differential geometry....

  18. Client Centred Desing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørngreen, Rikke; Nielsen, Janni; Levinsen, Karin

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we argue for the use of Client Centred preparation phases when designing complex systems. Through Client Centred Design human computer interaction can extend the focus on end-users to alse encompass the client's needs, context and resources....

  19. The IGU Knowledge Centre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huizing, Bernardus

    2005-01-01

    This article describes an innovative service for members of the International Gas Union - IGU. The IGU Knowledge Centre provides members with relevant information and data. In this article is described why, how and where.

  20. Virtual particle therapy centre

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Particle therapy is an advanced technique of cancer radiation therapy, using protons or other ions to target the cancerous mass. This advanced technique requires a multi-disciplinary team working in a specialised centre. 3D animation: Nymus3D

  1. Rare Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China’s regulation on rare earth accords with WTO rules Worries abound Western countries may use a recent WTO ruling on China’s exports restriction on nine raw materials to launch actions against China’s curbs on rare earth exports.

  2. Rare Power

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China begins to reinvigorate the rare earth industry after decades of underselling the valuable metals On May 19,the State Council released Guidelines to Promote Sustainable and Sound Development of the Rare Earth Industry,delivering a strong boost to the fragmented industry.

  3. Cubical Cohomology Ring of 3D Photographs

    CERN Document Server

    Gonzalez-Diaz, Rocio; Medrano, Belen; 10.1002/ima.20271

    2011-01-01

    Cohomology and cohomology ring of three-dimensional (3D) objects are topological invariants that characterize holes and their relations. Cohomology ring has been traditionally computed on simplicial complexes. Nevertheless, cubical complexes deal directly with the voxels in 3D images, no additional triangulation is necessary, facilitating efficient algorithms for the computation of topological invariants in the image context. In this paper, we present formulas to directly compute the cohomology ring of 3D cubical complexes without making use of any additional triangulation. Starting from a cubical complex $Q$ that represents a 3D binary-valued digital picture whose foreground has one connected component, we compute first the cohomological information on the boundary of the object, $\\partial Q$ by an incremental technique; then, using a face reduction algorithm, we compute it on the whole object; finally, applying the mentioned formulas, the cohomology ring is computed from such information.

  4. Superhard BC(3) in cubic diamond structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Miao; Liu, Hanyu; Li, Quan; Gao, Bo; Wang, Yanchao; Li, Hongdong; Chen, Changfeng; Ma, Yanming

    2015-01-01

    We solve the crystal structure of recently synthesized cubic BC(3) using an unbiased swarm structure search, which identifies a highly symmetric BC(3) phase in the cubic diamond structure (d-BC(3)) that contains a distinct B-B bonding network along the body diagonals of a large 64-atom unit cell. Simulated x-ray diffraction and Raman peaks of d-BC(3) are in excellent agreement with experimental data. Calculated stress-strain relations of d-BC(3) demonstrate its intrinsic superhard nature and reveal intriguing sequential bond-breaking modes that produce superior ductility and extended elasticity, which are unique among superhard solids. The present results establish the first boron carbide in the cubic diamond structure with remarkable properties, and these new findings also provide insights for exploring other covalent solids with complex bonding configurations.

  5. Purely cubic action for string field theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz, G. T.; Lykken, J.; Rohm, R.; Strominger, A.

    1986-01-01

    It is shown that Witten's (1986) open-bosonic-string field-theory action and a closed-string analog can be written as a purely cubic interaction term. The conventional form of the action arises by expansion around particular solutions of the classical equations of motion. The explicit background dependence of the conventional action via the Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin operator is eliminated in the cubic formulation. A closed-form expression is found for the full nonlinear gauge-transformation law.

  6. Binomial Squares in Pure Cubic Number Fields

    CERN Document Server

    Lemmermeyer, Franz

    2011-01-01

    Let K = Q(\\omega) with \\omega^3 = m be a pure cubic number field. We show that the elements\\alpha \\in K^\\times whose squares have the form a - \\omega form a group isomorphic to the group of rational points on the elliptic curve E_m: y^2= x^3 - m.

  7. Anisotropy of a cubic ferromagnet at criticality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kudlis, A.; Sokolov, A. I.

    2016-10-01

    Critical fluctuations change the effective anisotropy of cubic ferromagnet near the Curie point. If the crystal undergoes phase transition into orthorhombic phase and the initial anisotropy is not too strong, reduced anisotropy of nonlinear susceptibility acquires at Tc the universal value δ4*=2/v* 3 (u*+v*) where u* and v* are coordinates of the cubic fixed point on the flow diagram of renormalization group equations. In the paper, the critical value of the reduced anisotropy is estimated within the pseudo-ɛ expansion approach. The six-loop pseudo-ɛ expansions for u*, v*, and δ4* are derived for the arbitrary spin dimensionality n . For cubic crystals (n =3 ) higher-order coefficients of the pseudo-ɛ expansions obtained turn out to be so small that use of simple Padé approximants yields reliable numerical results. Padé resummation of the pseudo-ɛ series for u*, v*, and δ4* leads to the estimate δ4*=0.079 ±0.006 , indicating that detection of the anisotropic critical behavior of cubic ferromagnets in physical and computer experiments is certainly possible.

  8. Counting rational points on cubic curves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HEATH-BROWN; Roger; TESTA; Damiano

    2010-01-01

    We prove upper bounds for the number of rational points on non-singular cubic curves defined over the rationals.The bounds are uniform in the curve and involve the rank of the corresponding Jacobian.The method used in the proof is a combination of the "determinant method" with an m-descent on the curve.

  9. CONSTRAINED RATIONAL CUBIC SPLINE AND ITS APPLICATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi Duan; Huan-ling Zhang; Xiang Lai; Nan Xie; Fu-hua (Frank) Cheng

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, a kind of rational cubic interpolation functionwith linear denominator is constructed. The constrained interpolation with constraint on shape of the interpolating curves and on the second-order derivative of the interpolating function is studied by using this interpolation, and as the consequent result, the convex interpolation conditions have been derived.

  10. DEFICIENT CUBIC SPLINES WITH AVERAGE SLOPE MATCHING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    V. B. Das; A. Kumar

    2005-01-01

    We obtain a deficient cubic spline function which matches the functions with certain area matching over a greater mesh intervals, and also provides a greater flexibility in replacing area matching as interpolation. We also study their convergence properties to the interpolating functions.

  11. The cactus rank of cubic forms

    CERN Document Server

    Bernardi, Alessandra

    2011-01-01

    We prove that the smallest degree of an apolar 0-dimensional scheme to a general cubic form in $n+1$ variables is at most $2n+2$, when $n\\geq 8$, and therefore smaller than the rank of the form. When n=8 we show that the bound is sharp, i.e. the smallest degree of an apolar subscheme is 18.

  12. Theoretical Strength of Face-Centred-Cubic Single Crystal Copper Based on a Continuum Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xiao-Ming; LIU Zhan-Li; YOU Xiao-Chuan; NIE Jun-Feng; ZHUANG Zhuo

    2009-01-01

    The constitutive relation of single crystal copper based on atomistic potential is implemented to capture the nonlinear inter-atomic interactions. Uniaxial loading tests of single crystal copper with inter-atomic potential finite-element model are carried out to determine the corresponding ideal strength using the modified Born stability criteria. Dependence of the ideal strength on the crystallographic orientation is studied, and tension-compression asymmetry in ideal strength is also investigated. The results suggest that asymmetry for yielding strength of nano-materials may result from anisotropic character of crystal instability. Moreover, the results also reveal that the critical resolved shear stress in the direction of slip is not an accurate criterion for the ideal strength since it could not capture the dependence on the loading conditions and hydrostatic stress components for the ideal strength.

  13. Hydrogen four-level tunnel systems in substitutional body-centred cubic alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cordero, F. [CNR, Area di Ricerca di Roma - Tor Vergata, Ist. di Acustica ' ' O. M. Corbino' ' , Roma (Italy); INFM (Italy); Cantelli, R. [INFM (Italy); Univ. di Roma ' ' La Sapienza' ' , Dipt. di Fisica, Roma (Italy)

    2002-10-01

    A brief account is provided of the main results of a study of the tunneling states of H trapped by substitutional (S) impurities in Nb, mainly consisting in anelasticity experiments. The phenomenology is rather complex when the concentration of S atoms is higher than a few parts per thousand, and various and contrasting interpretations are possible. The complication arises from the destruction of the symmetry of the S-H pair by the elastic interactions among the defects. The situation becomes, however, clear for an S content around 0.1%, when the anelastic spectra reveal the relaxation processes due to the now nearly undistorted S-H complexes. In this case H delocalizes over four tetrahedral sites of a face of the cube containing the S atom, giving rise to a four-level tunnel system (FLS). The parameters of tunneling and coupling to phonons and electron excitations are similar to those found for the two-level system of H near an interstitial impurity, but new effects are found, due to the symmetry of the additional eigenstates of a centrosymmetric FLS. (orig.)

  14. Academic Drug Discovery Centres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Henriette Schultz; Valentin, Finn

    2014-01-01

    Academic drug discovery centres (ADDCs) are seen as one of the solutions to fill the innovation gap in early drug discovery, which has proven challenging for previous organisational models. Prior studies of ADDCs have identified the need to analyse them from the angle of their economic and organi......Academic drug discovery centres (ADDCs) are seen as one of the solutions to fill the innovation gap in early drug discovery, which has proven challenging for previous organisational models. Prior studies of ADDCs have identified the need to analyse them from the angle of their economic...... their performance....

  15. Town Centre Redevelopment Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vagnby, Bo Hellisen

    After many years of urban growth Danish downtowns are facing some important choices. Shall the stake one-sidedly be on the town centres as driving forces for growth and 'city marketing', or do they still have a role to play in a broader socio-economic context? In the paper we look back on eight...... during late years, where increased internationalisation is in focus and where it seems as if the social dimension of the town centre planning is slipping out of the hands of the urban planners....

  16. Ytterbium: Transition at High Pressure from Face-Centered Cubic to Body-Centered Cubic Structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, H T; Barnett, J D; Merrill, L

    1963-01-11

    Pressure of 40,000 atmospheres at 25 degrees C induces a phase transformation in ytterbium metal; the face-centered cubic structure changes to body-centered cubic. The radius of the atom changes from 1.82 to 1.75 A. At the same time the atom's volume decreases by 11 percent and the volume, observed macroscopically, decreases 3.2 percent.

  17. Resource Centres for Rare Oral Diseases – Why?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daugaard-Jensen, Jette; Gjørup, Hans

    2010-01-01

    .5-73) and the male/female ratio was equal (1.06) Results: A: Oligodontia (N=154 ) and Amelogenesis Imperfecta (N=146 ) were the most frequently diagnosed dental anomalies. B: Osteogenesis Imperfecta (N=88), Ectodermal Dysplasia (N=81), Ehlers Danlos Syndrome (61) and Marfan Syndrome (N=44) were the largest groups...

  18. The GSO Data Centre

    CERN Document Server

    Paletou, F; Génot, V; Rouillard, A; Petit, P; Palacios, A; Caux, E; Wakelam, V

    2015-01-01

    Hereafter we describe the activities of the $Grand \\, Sud-Ouest$ Data Centre operated for INSU/CNRS by the OMP-IRAP and the Universit\\'e Paul Sabatier (Toulouse), in a collaboration with the OASU-LAB (Bordeaux) and OREME-LUPM (Montpellier).

  19. Implementing Responsibility Centre Budgeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vonasek, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    Recently, institutes of higher education (universities) have shown a renewed interest in organisational structures and operating methodologies that generate productivity and innovation; responsibility centre budgeting (RCB) is one such process. This paper describes the underlying principles constituting RCB, its origin and structural elements, and…

  20. ATLAS Visitors Centre

    CERN Multimedia

    claudia Marcelloni

    2009-01-01

    ATLAS Visitors Centre has opened its shiny new doors to the public. Officially launched on Monday February 23rd, 2009, the permanent exhibition at Point 1 was conceived as a tour resource for ATLAS guides, and as a way to preserve the public’s opportunity to get a close-up look at the experiment in action when the cavern is sealed.

  1. Face-Centered-Cubic Nanostructured Polymer Foams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, C.; Baughman, R. H.; Liu, L. M.; Zakhidov, A. A.; Khayrullin, I. I.

    1998-03-01

    Beautifully iridescent polymer foams having Fm-3m cubic symmetry and periodicities on the scale of the wavelength of light have been synthesized by the templating of porous synthetic opals. These fabrication processes involve the filling of porous SiO2 opals (with typical cubic lattice parameters of 250 nm) with either polymers or polymer precursors, polymerization of the precursors if necessary, and removal of the fcc array of SiO2 balls to provide an all-polymer structure. The structures of these foams are similar to periodic minimal surfaces, although the Gaussian curvature can have both positive and negative values. Depending upon whether the internal surfaces of the opal are polymer filled or polymer coated, the polymer replica has either one or two sets of independent channels. We fill these channels with semiconductors, metals, or superconductors to provide electronic and optical materials with novel properties dependent on the nanoscale periodicity.

  2. Cubic Lienard Equations with Quadratic Damping (Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu-quan Wang; Zhu-jun Jing

    2002-01-01

    Applying Hopf bifurcation theory and qualitative theory, we show that the general cubic Lienard equations with quadratic damping have at most three limit cycles. This implies that the guess in which the system has at most two limit cycles is false. We give the sufficient conditions for the system has at most three limit cycles or two limit cycles. We present two examples with three limit cycles or two limit cycles by using numerical simulation.

  3. Shape preserving rational bi-cubic function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malik Zawwar Hussain

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The study is dedicated to the development of shape preserving interpolation scheme for monotone and convex data. A rational bi-cubic function with parameters is used for interpolation. To preserve the shape of monotone and convex data, the simple data dependent constraints are developed on these parameters in each rectangular patch. The developed scheme of this paper is confined, cheap to run and produce smooth surfaces.

  4. The special symplectic structure of binary cubics

    CERN Document Server

    Slupinski, Marcus

    2009-01-01

    Let $k$ be a field of characteristic not 2 or 3. Let $V$ be the $k$-space of binary cubic polynomials. The natural symplectic structure on $k^2$ promotes to a symplectic structure $\\omega$ on $V$ and from the natural symplectic action of $\\textrm{Sl}(2,k)$ one obtains the symplectic module $(V,\\omega)$. We give a complete analysis of this symplectic module from the point of view of the associated moment map, its norm square $Q$ (essentially the classical discriminant) and the symplectic gradient of $Q$. Among the results are a symplectic derivation of the Cardano-Tartaglia formulas for the roots of a cubic, detailed parameters for all $\\textrm{Sl}(2,k)$ and $\\textrm{Gl}(2,k)$-orbits, in particular identifying a group structure on the set of $\\textrm{Sl}(2,k)$-orbits of fixed nonzero discriminant, and a purely symplectic generalization of the classical Eisenstein syzygy for the covariants of a binary cubic. Such fine symplectic analysis is due to the special symplectic nature inherited from the ambient excepti...

  5. Local atomic structure in cubic stabilized zirconia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villella, P.; Conradson, S. D.; Espinosa-Faller, F. J.; Foltyn, S. R.; Sickafus, K. E.; Valdez, J. A.; Degueldre, C. A.

    2001-09-01

    X-ray-absorption fine structure measurements have been used to elucidate the local atomic structure of quaternary Zr, Y, Er, Ce/U cubic stabilized zirconia. These compounds display more complicated local environments than those reported for simpler binary systems. While the shortest cation-O distances are similar to those found in the binary cubic stabilized compounds, responding to the different sizes of the cations, we have identified large distortions in the first-shell oxygen distribution involving long, 2.8--3.2 {angstrom} cation-O distances that are similar to those found in the amorphous phase of zirconium. The cation-cation distributions are also found to be quite complicated (non-Gaussian) and element specific. The U-near neighbor distances are expanded relative to the Ce ions for which it substitutes, consistent with the larger size of the actinide, and the U-cation distribution is also more complicated. In terms of the effects of this substitution on the other cation sites, the local environment around Y is altered while the Zr and Er local environments remain unchanged. These results point out the importance of collective and correlated interactions between the different pairs of cations and the host lattice that are mediated by the local strain fields generated by the different cations. The presence of pair-specific couplings has not been commonly included in previous analyses and may have implications for the stabilization mechanisms of cubic zirconia.

  6. Method of synthesizing cubic system boron nitride

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuzu, S.; Sumiya, H.; Degawa, J.

    1987-10-13

    A method is described for synthetically growing cubic system boron nitride crystals by using boron nitride sources, solvents for dissolving the boron nitride sources, and seed crystals under conditions of ultra-high pressure and high temperature for maintaining the cubic system boron nitride stable. The method comprises the following steps: preparing a synthesizing vessel having at least two chambers, arrayed in order in the synthesizing vessel so as to be heated according to a temperature gradient; placing the solvents having different eutectic temperatures in each chamber with respect to the boron nitride sources according to the temperature gradient; placing the boron nitride source in contact with a portion of each of the solvents heated at a relatively higher temperature and placing at least a seed crystal in a portion of each of the solvents heated at a relatively lower temperature; and growing at least one cubic system boron nitride crystal in each of the solvents in the chambers by heating the synthesizing vessel for establishing the temperature gradient while maintaining conditions of ultra-high pressure and high temperature.

  7. Use of Pom Pons to Illustrate Cubic Crystal Structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cady, Susan G.

    1997-01-01

    Describes a method that uses olefin pom pons to illustrate cubic crystal structure. Facilitates hands-on examination of different packing arrangements such as hexagonal close-packed and cubic close-packed structures. (JRH)

  8. Cubic Polynomials with Rational Roots and Critical Points

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Shiv K.; Szymanski, Waclaw

    2010-01-01

    If you want your students to graph a cubic polynomial, it is best to give them one with rational roots and critical points. In this paper, we describe completely all such cubics and explain how to generate them.

  9. Elderly Care Centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagiman, Aliani; Haja Bava Mohidin, Hazrina; Ismail, Alice Sabrina

    2016-02-01

    The demand for elderly centre has increased tremendously abreast with the world demographic change as the number of senior citizens rose in the 21st century. This has become one of the most crucial problems of today's era. As the world progress into modernity, more and more people are occupied with daily work causing the senior citizens to lose the care that they actually need. This paper seeks to elucidate the best possible design of an elderly care centre with new approach in order to provide the best service for them by analysing their needs and suitable activities that could elevate their quality of life. All these findings will then be incorporated into design solutions so as to enhance the living environment for the elderly especially in Malaysian context.

  10. Tele-centres in Ghana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falch, Morten

    2004-01-01

    Tele-centres offer a low cost opportunity for the many who cannot afford their own phone or Internet connection. This paper presents a field study of tele-centres in Ghana and analyses how they contribute to universal access.......Tele-centres offer a low cost opportunity for the many who cannot afford their own phone or Internet connection. This paper presents a field study of tele-centres in Ghana and analyses how they contribute to universal access....

  11. Fractal Symmetries: Ungauging the Cubic Code

    CERN Document Server

    Williamson, Dominic J

    2016-01-01

    Gauging is a ubiquitous tool in many-body physics. It allows one to construct highly entangled topological phases of matter from relatively simple phases and to relate certain characteristics of the two. Here we develop a gauging procedure for general submanifold symmetries of Pauli Hamiltonians, including symmetries of fractal type. We show a relation between the pre- and post- gauging models and use this to construct short range entangled phases with fractal like symmetries, one of which is mapped to the cubic code by the gauging.

  12. Generalized fairing algorithm of parametric cubic splines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Yuan-jun; CAO Yuan

    2006-01-01

    Kjellander has reported an algorithm for fairing uniform parametric cubic splines. Poliakoff extended Kjellander's algorithm to non-uniform case. However, they merely changed the bad point's position, and neglected the smoothing of tangent at bad point. In this paper, we present a fairing algorithm that both changed point's position and its corresponding tangent vector. The new algorithm possesses the minimum property of energy. We also proved Poliakoff's fairing algorithm is a deduction of our fairing algorithm. Several fairing examples are given in this paper.

  13. Cherenkov and Scintillation Properties of Cubic Zirconium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christl, M.J.; Adams, J.H.; Parnell, T.A.; Kuznetsov, E.N.

    2008-01-01

    Cubic zirconium (CZ) is a high index of refraction (n =2.17) material that we have investigated for Cherenkov counter applications. Laboratory and proton accelerator tests of an 18cc sample of CZ show that the expected fast Cherenkov response is accompanied by a longer scintillation component that can be separated by pulse shaping. This presents the possibility of novel particle spectrometers which exploits both properties of CZ. Other high index materials being examined for Cherenkov applications will be discussed. Results from laboratory tests and an accelerator exposure will be presented and a potential application in solar energetic particle instruments will be discussed

  14. Competing structural instabilities in cubic perovskites

    CERN Document Server

    Vanderbilt, D

    1994-01-01

    We study the antiferrodistortive instability and its interaction with ferroelectricity in cubic perovskite compounds. Our first-principles calculations show that coexistence of both instabilities is very common. We develop a first-principles scheme to study the thermodynamics of these compounds when both instabilities are present, and apply it to SrTiO$_3$. We find that increased pressure enhances the antiferrodistortive instability while suppressing the ferroelectric one. Moreover, the presence of one instability tends to suppress the other. A very rich $P$--$T$ phase diagram results.

  15. The Exact Limit of Some Cubic Towers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anbar Meidl, Nurdagül; Beelen, Peter; Nguyen, Nhut

    2016-01-01

    Recently, a new explicit tower of function fields was introduced by Bassa, Beelen, Garcia and Stichtenoth (BBGS). This resulted in currently the best known lower bound for Ihara’s constant in the case of non-prime finite fields. In particular over cubic fields, the tower’s limit is at least as good...... as Zink’s bound; i.e. λ(BBGS/Fq3 ) ≥ 2(q2 - 1)/(q + 2). In this paper, the exact value of λ(BBGS/Fq3 ) is computed. We also settle a question stated by Ihara....

  16. Tachyon Vacuum in Cubic Superstring Field Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Erler, Theodore

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we give an exact analytic solution for tachyon condensation in the modified (picture 0) cubic superstring field theory. We prove the absence of cohomology and, crucially, reproduce the correct value for the D-brane tension. The solution is surprising for two reasons: First, the existence of a tachyon vacuum in this theory has not been definitively established in the level expansion. Second, the solution {\\it vanishes} in the GSO$(-)$ sector, implying a ``tachyon vacuum'' solution exists even for a {\\it BPS} D-brane.

  17. Not so Rare, Rare Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldman, H. Barry; Perlman, Steven P.; Munter, Beverly L.; Chaudhry, Ramiz A.

    2008-01-01

    A rare disease or condition is defined by federal legislation such that it: (1) affects less than 200,000 persons in the U.S.; or (2) affects more than 200,000 persons in the U.S. but for which there is no reasonable expectation that the cost of developing and making available in the U.S. a drug for such disease or condition will be recovered from…

  18. Rheological properties of Cubic colloidal suspensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boromand, Arman; Maia, Joao

    2016-11-01

    Colloidal and non-colloidal suspensions are ubiquitous in many industrial application. There are numerous studies on these systems to understand and relate their complex rheological properties to their microstructural evolution under deformation. Although most of the experimental and simulation studies are centered on spherical particles, in most of the industrial applications the geometry of the colloidal particles deviate from the simple hard sphere and more complex geometries exist. Recent advances in microfabrication paved the way to fabricate colloidal particles with complex geometries for applications in different areas such as drug delivery where the fundamental understanding of their dynamics has remained unexplored. In this study, using dissipative particle dynamics, we investigate the rheological properties of cubic (superball) particles which are modeled as the cluster of core-modified DPD particles. Explicit representation of solvent particles in the DPD scheme will conserve the full hydrodynamic interactions between colloidal particles. Rheological properties of these cubic suspensions are investigated in the dilute and semi-dilute regimes. The Einstein and Huggins coefficients for these particles with different superball exponent will be calculate which represent the effect of single particle's geometry and multibody interactions on viscosity, respectively. The response of these suspensions is investigated under simple shear and oscillatory shear where it is shown that under oscillation these particles tend to form crystalline structure giving rise to stronger shear-thinning behavior recently measured experimentally.

  19. A cancer help centre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel, R

    1996-06-01

    The diagnosis of cancer can be shattering to all involved. The treatment of cancer is intense and often very challenging. Prevailing attitudes to cancer are sometimes fearful, negative and depressing. This combination may leave those affected by cancer shocked, disorientated and without hope. Even worse than this, on asking consultants 'What can I do to help myself?' patients are frequently told 'Absolutely nothing'--crushing in one fell swoop their remaining fighting spirit. Not so in the case of Penny Brohn, who, when faced with the diagnosis of breast cancer, travelled the world to find alternative cancer treatments, and having successfully brought her own cancer under control, dedicated her life to creating a Centre for others wishing to fight their disease.

  20. Stavanger Squash Centre, Norway

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rostvik, H. [Sunlab/ABB, Stavanger (Norway)

    1999-07-01

    Although Stavanger is the technological and financial oil-capital of Norway, the Stavanger Squash Centre was until recently the largest solar building in Norway, with 120 m{sup 2} of collectors. The active, building-integrated, solar air collector in the 45 {sup o} roof facing 15 {sup o} east of due south, has now been delivering solar-heated hot water for the showers for 15 years. The solar system consists of several standard products put together in a new way. Monitoring has shown that the system produced 18,000 kWh/m{sup 2} a (150 kWh/m{sub coll} {sup 2}a). If operated as planned, it could have had a solar contribution of 45,000 kWh/a) (375 kWh/m{sub coll} {sup 2}a), resulting in a 19% solar fraction of total demand. (author)

  1. Quality of life and symptoms in patients with malignant diseases admitted to a comprehensive cancer centre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strömgren, Annette Sand; Niemann, Carsten Utoft; Tange, Ulla Brix;

    2014-01-01

    Quality of life and symptomatology in patients with malignancies admitted to comprehensive cancer centres are rarely investigated. Thus, this study aimed to investigate symptomatology and health-related quality of life of inpatients with cancer.......Quality of life and symptomatology in patients with malignancies admitted to comprehensive cancer centres are rarely investigated. Thus, this study aimed to investigate symptomatology and health-related quality of life of inpatients with cancer....

  2. All unitary cubic curvature gravities in D dimensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sisman, Tahsin Cagri; Guellue, Ibrahim; Tekin, Bayram, E-mail: sisman@metu.edu.tr, E-mail: e075555@metu.edu.tr, E-mail: btekin@metu.edu.tr [Department of Physics, Middle East Technical University, 06531 Ankara (Turkey)

    2011-10-07

    We construct all the unitary cubic curvature gravity theories built on the contractions of the Riemann tensor in D-dimensional (anti)-de Sitter spacetimes. Our construction is based on finding the equivalent quadratic action for the general cubic curvature theory and imposing ghost and tachyon freedom, which greatly simplifies the highly complicated problem of finding the propagator of cubic curvature theories in constant curvature backgrounds. To carry out the procedure we have also classified all the unitary quadratic models. We use our general results to study the recently found cubic curvature theories using different techniques and the string generated cubic curvature gravity model. We also study the scattering in critical gravity and give its cubic curvature extensions.

  3. Capturing dynamic cation hopping in cubic pyrochlores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks Hinojosa, Beverly; Asthagiri, Aravind; Nino, Juan C.

    2011-08-01

    In direct contrast to recent reports, density functional theory predicts that the most stable structure of Bi2Ti2O7 pyrochlore is a cubic Fd3¯m space group by accounting for atomic displacements. The displaced Bi occupies the 96g(x,x,z) Wyckoff position with six equivalent sites, which create multiple local minima. Using nudged elastic band method, the transition states of Bi cation hopping between equivalent minima were investigated and an energy barrier between 0.11 and 0.21 eV was determined. Energy barriers associated with the motion of Bi between equivalent sites within the 96g Wyckoff position suggest the presence of dielectric relaxation in Bi2Ti2O7.

  4. Black holes in a cubic Galileon universe

    CERN Document Server

    Babichev, Eugeny; Lehébel, Antoine; Moskalets, Tetiana

    2016-01-01

    We find and study the properties of black hole solutions for a subclass of Horndeski theory including the cubic Galileon term. The theory under study has shift symmetry but not reflection symmetry for the scalar field. The Galileon is assumed to have linear time dependence characterized by a velocity parameter. We give analytic 3-dimensional solutions that are akin to the BTZ solutions but with a non-trivial scalar field that modifies the effective cosmological constant. We then study the 4-dimensional asymptotically flat and de Sitter solutions. The latter present three different branches according to their effective cosmological constant. For two of these branches, we find families of black hole solutions, parametrized by the velocity of the scalar field. These spherically symmetric solutions, obtained numerically, are different from GR solutions close to the black hole event horizon, while they have the same de-Sitter asymptotic behavior. The velocity parameter represents black hole primary hair.

  5. Cubic meter volume optical coherence tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    WANG, ZHAO; POTSAID, BENJAMIN; CHEN, LONG; DOERR, CHRIS; LEE, HSIANG-CHIEH; NIELSON, TORBEN; JAYARAMAN, VIJAYSEKHAR; CABLE, ALEX E.; SWANSON, ERIC; FUJIMOTO, JAMES G.

    2017-01-01

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a powerful three-dimensional (3D) imaging modality with micrometer-scale axial resolution and up to multi-GigaVoxel/s imaging speed. However, the imaging range of high-speed OCT has been limited. Here, we report 3D OCT over cubic meter volumes using a long coherence length, 1310 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and silicon photonic integrated circuit dual-quadrature receiver technology combined with enhanced signal processing. We achieved 15 µm depth resolution for tomographic imaging at a 100 kHz axial scan rate over a 1.5 m range. We show 3D macroscopic imaging examples of a human mannequin, bicycle, machine shop gauge blocks, and a human skull/brain model. High-bandwidth, meter-range OCT demonstrates new capabilities that promise to enable a wide range of biomedical, scientific, industrial, and research applications. PMID:28239628

  6. Black holes in Einsteinian cubic gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Hennigar, Robie A

    2016-01-01

    Using numerical and perturbative methods, we construct the first examples of black hole solutions in Einsteinian cubic gravity and study their thermodynamics. Focusing first on four dimensional solutions, we show that these black holes have a novel equation of state in which the pressure is a quadratic function of the temperature. Despite this, they undergo a first order phase transition with associated van der Waals behaviour. We then construct perturbative solutions for general $D \\ge 5$ and study the properties of these solutions for $D=5$ and $D=6$ in particular. We find novel examples of zeroth order phase transitions and find super-entropic behaviour over a large portion of the parameter space. We analyse the specific heat, determining that the black holes are thermodynamically stable over large regions of parameter space.

  7. Finite element differential forms on cubical meshes

    CERN Document Server

    Arnold, Douglas N

    2012-01-01

    We develop a family of finite element spaces of differential forms defined on cubical meshes in any number of dimensions. The family contains elements of all polynomial degrees and all form degrees. In two dimensions, these include the serendipity finite elements and the rectangular BDM elements. In three dimensions they include a recent generalization of the serendipity spaces, and new H(curl) and H(div) finite element spaces. Spaces in the family can be combined to give finite element subcomplexes of the de Rham complex which satisfy the basic hypotheses of the finite element exterior calculus, and hence can be used for stable discretization of a variety of problems. The construction and properties of the spaces are established in a uniform manner using finite element exterior calculus.

  8. Triangulation of cubic panorama for view synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chunxiao; Zhao, Yan; Wu, Falin

    2011-08-01

    An unstructured triangulation approach, new to our knowledge, is proposed to apply triangular meshes for representing and rendering a scene on a cubic panorama (CP). It sophisticatedly converts a complicated three-dimensional triangulation into a simple three-step triangulation. First, a two-dimensional Delaunay triangulation is individually carried out on each face. Second, an improved polygonal triangulation is implemented in the intermediate regions of each of two faces. Third, a cobweblike triangulation is designed for the remaining intermediate regions after unfolding four faces to the top/bottom face. Since the last two steps well solve the boundary problem arising from cube edges, the triangulation with irregular-distribution feature points is implemented in a CP as a whole. The triangular meshes can be warped from multiple reference CPs onto an arbitrary viewpoint by face-to-face homography transformations. The experiments indicate that the proposed triangulation approach provides a good modeling for the scene with photorealistic rendered CPs.

  9. Polarization conversion in cubic Raman crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, Aaron; Sabella, Alexander; Mildren, Richard P.

    2017-01-01

    Nonlinear conversion of unpolarized beams to lower frequencies is generally inefficient in c(2) materials, as it is challenging to achieve phase-matching for input ordinary and extraordinary beams simultaneously in the normal dispersion regime. Here, we show that cubic Raman crystals having doubly and triply degenerate (E and F type) modes provide a method for efficient nonlinear frequency downconversion of an unpolarized beam and yield a linearly polarized output state. Using Mueller calculus, optimal crystal directions for such polarization conversion are determined. Using diamond, an example of an F-class Raman crystal, we have verified that such conversion is possible with near quantum-defect-limited slope efficiency and a linear polarization contrast of more than 23.9 dB. PMID:28169327

  10. On the Stability of Cubic Galileon Accretion

    CERN Document Server

    Bergliaffa, Santiago P E

    2016-01-01

    We examine the stability of steady-state galileon accretion for the case of a Schwarzshild black hole. Considering the galileon action up to the cubic term in a static and spherically symmetric background we obtain the general solution for the equation of motion which is divided in two branches. By perturbing this solution we define an effective metric which determines the propagation of fluctuations. In this general picture we establish the position of the sonic horizon together with the matching condition of the two branches on it. Restricting to the case of a Schwarzschild background, we show, via the analysis of the energy of the perturbations and its time derivative, that the accreting field is linearly stable.

  11. Call Centre- Computer Telephone Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dražen Kovačević

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Call centre largely came into being as a result of consumerneeds converging with enabling technology- and by the companiesrecognising the revenue opportunities generated by meetingthose needs thereby increasing customer satisfaction. Regardlessof the specific application or activity of a Call centre, customersatisfaction with the interaction is critical to the revenuegenerated or protected by the Call centre. Physical(v, Call centreset up is a place that includes computer, telephone and supervisorstation. Call centre can be available 24 hours a day - whenthe customer wants to make a purchase, needs information, orsimply wishes to register a complaint.

  12. Shape preserving rational cubic spline for positive and convex data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malik Zawwar Hussain

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the problem of shape preserving C2 rational cubic spline has been proposed. The shapes of the positive and convex data are under discussion of the proposed spline solutions. A C2 rational cubic function with two families of free parameters has been introduced to attain the C2 positive curves from positive data and C2 convex curves from convex data. Simple data dependent constraints are derived on free parameters in the description of rational cubic function to obtain the desired shape of the data. The rational cubic schemes have unique representations.

  13. Council celebrates CERN Control Centre

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    With the unveiling of its new sign, the CERN Control Centre was officially inaugurated on Thursday 16 March. To celebrate its startup, CERN Council members visited the sleek centre, a futuristic-looking room filled with a multitude of monitoring screens.

  14. CRACK PROBLEM UNDER SHEAR LOADING IN CUBIC QUASICRYSTAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周旺民; 范天佑; 尹姝媛

    2003-01-01

    The axisymmetric elasticity problem of cubic quasicrystal is reduced to a single higher-order partial differential equation by introducing a displacement function. Based on the work, the analytic solutions of elastic field of cubic quasicrystal with a penny-shaped crack under the shear loading are found, and the stress intensity factor and strain energy release rate are determined.

  15. Cubic Polynomials with Real or Complex Coefficients: The Full Picture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardell, Nicholas S.

    2016-01-01

    The cubic polynomial with real coefficients has a rich and interesting history primarily associated with the endeavours of great mathematicians like del Ferro, Tartaglia, Cardano or Vieta who sought a solution for the roots (Katz, 1998; see Chapter 12.3: The Solution of the Cubic Equation). Suffice it to say that since the times of renaissance…

  16. The Body Center Cubic Quark Lattice Model

    CERN Document Server

    Lin Xu, Jiao

    2004-01-01

    The Standard Model while successful in many ways is incomplete; many questions remain. The origin of quark masses and hadronization of quarks are awaiting an answer. From the Dirac sea concept, we infer that two kinds of elementary quarks (u(0) and d(0)) constitute a body center cubic (BCC) quark lattice with a lattice constant a < $10^{-18}$m in the vacuum. Using energy band theory and the BCC quark lattice, we can deduce the rest masses and the intrinsic quantum numbers (I, S, C, b and Q) of quarks. With the quark spectrum, we deduce a baryon spectrum. The theoretical spectrum is in agreement well with the experimental results. Not only will this paper provide a physical basis for the Quark Model, but also it will open a door to study the more fundamental nature at distance scales <$10^{-18}$m. This paper predicts some new quarks $u_{c}$(6490) and d$_{b}$(9950), and new baryons $\\Lambda_{c}^{+}$(6500), $\\Lambda_{b}^{0}$(9960).

  17. CMCC Data Distribution Centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aloisio, Giovanni; Fiore, Sandro; Negro, A.

    2010-05-01

    The CMCC Data Distribution Centre (DDC) is the primary entry point (web gateway) to the CMCC. It is a Data Grid Portal providing a ubiquitous and pervasive way to ease data publishing, climate metadata search, datasets discovery, metadata annotation, data access, data aggregation, sub-setting, etc. The grid portal security model includes the use of HTTPS protocol for secure communication with the client (based on X509v3 certificates that must be loaded into the browser) and secure cookies to establish and maintain user sessions. The CMCC DDC is now in a pre-production phase and it is currently used only by internal users (CMCC researchers and climate scientists). The most important component already available in the CMCC DDC is the Search Engine which allows users to perform, through web interfaces, distributed search and discovery activities by introducing one or more of the following search criteria: horizontal extent (which can be specified by interacting with a geographic map), vertical extent, temporal extent, keywords, topics, creation date, etc. By means of this page the user submits the first step of the query process on the metadata DB, then, she can choose one or more datasets retrieving and displaying the complete XML metadata description (from the browser). This way, the second step of the query process is carried out by accessing to a specific XML document of the metadata DB. Finally, through the web interface, the user can access to and download (partially or totally) the data stored on the storage device accessing to OPeNDAP servers and to other available grid storage interfaces. Requests concerning datasets stored in deep storage will be served asynchronously.

  18. Rational Cubics and Conics Representation: A Practical Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Sarfraz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A rational cubic spline, with one family of shape parameters, has been discussed with the view to its application in Computer Graphics. It incorporates both conic sections and parametric cubic curves as special cases. The parameters (weights, in the description of the spline curve can be used to modify the shape of the curve, locally and globally, at the knot intervals. The rational cubic spline attains parametric   smoothness whereas the stitching of the conic segments preserves visually reasonable smoothness at the neighboring knots. The curve scheme is interpolatory and can plot parabolic, hyperbolic, elliptic, and circular splines independently as well as bits and pieces of a rational cubic spline.Key Words: Computer Graphics, Interpolation, Spline, Conic, Rational Cubic

  19. On cubic equations over $P-$adic field

    CERN Document Server

    Mukhamedov, Farrukh; Saburov, Mansoor

    2012-01-01

    We provide a solvability criteria for a depressed cubic equation in domains $\\bz_p^{*},\\bz_p,\\bq_p$. We show that, in principal, the Cardano method is not always applicable for such equations. Moreover, the numbers of solutions of the depressed cubic equation in domains $\\bz_p^{*},\\bz_p,\\bq_p$ are provided. Since $\\bbf_p\\subset\\bq_p,$ we generalize J.-P. Serre's \\cite{JPSJ} and Z.H.Sun's \\cite{ZHS1,ZHS3} results concerning with depressed cubic equations over the finite field $\\bbf_p$. Finally, all depressed cubic equations, for which the Cardano method could be applied, are described and the $p-$adic Cardano formula is provided for those cubic equations.

  20. 25 years Nuclear Research Centre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harde, R.

    1981-07-01

    On June 12, the Karlsruhe Nuclear Research Centre celebrated its 25th anniversary. The Centre was founded on July 19, 1956. The importance of this institution became apparent by the large number of prominent guests, at the head, the Federal President, Karl Carstens. Minister President Spaeth and the Federal Minister for Research and Technology, von Buelow, appreciated the achievements obtained by this big science centre of nuclear technology. The ceremony held in the State theatre of Baden-Wuerttemberg gave testimony of an impressing confession in favour of nuclear energy. Excerpts from the speech of the Chairman of the Managing Board, Prof. Harde, are quoted.

  1. Minister unveils new nanotech centres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumé, Belle

    2009-06-01

    Three new nanotechnology research centres are to be set up in France as part of a €70m government plan to help French companies in the sector. Researchers at the new centres, which will be located in Grenoble, Saclay (near Paris) and Toulouse, will be encouraged to collaborate with industry to develop new nanotech-based products. Dubbed NANO-INNOV, the new plan includes €46m for two new buildings at Saclay, with the rest being used to buy new equipment at the three centres and to fund grant proposals from staff to the French National Research Agency (ANR).

  2. [Rare diseases from a life insurance perspective].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senn, A; Filzmaier, K

    2015-12-01

    A rare disease is defined as a disease that affects a maximum of 5 in 10,000 people. As of today there are roughly 7000 different rare diseases known. On account of this one can say that "rare diseases are rare, but people affected by them are common". For Germany this amounts to: 4 million people that are affected by a rare disease. Diagnosis, therapeutic options and prognosis have substantially improved for some of the rare diseases. Besides the general medical advances--especially in the area of genetics--this is also due to networking and sharing information by so-called Centres of Competence on a national and international scale. This results in a better medical care for the corresponding group of patients. Against this backdrop, the number of people applying for life assurance who are suffering from a complex or rare disease has risen steadily in the last years. Due to the scarce availability of data regarding long-term prognosis of many rare diseases, a biomathematical, medical and actuarial expertise on the part of the insurer is necessary in order to adequately assess the risk of mortality and morbidity. Furthermore there is quite a focus on the issue of rare diseases from not only politics but society as well. Therefore evidence based medical assessment by insurers is especially important in this group of applicants--thinking of legal compliance and reputational risk.

  3. The World Heritage Centr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayman G. Abdel Tawab

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available New Gourna Village, which is located inside one of the World Heritage Sites in Egypt, has never been recognized as an element contributing to the site’s Outstanding Universal Value. The recognition of the village as a contributing element is reliant on the successful assessment of its authenticity and integrity. Responding to the dramatically declining integrity of the village, the World Heritage Centre has carried out an architectural study to guide the potential conservation works in the property. The study has recommended that a group of objectives and two approaches to the conservation of the village should be adopted. One of these two approaches has been concerned with the conservation of the village according to the architect’s original intentions and principles. The previous approach can be called the principles-based approach. The main aim of this study was to examine the agreement of the World Heritage Centre’s objectives and their proposed principles-based approach to the conservation of the village with the aim to improve its chance in meeting the conditions of authenticity and integrity. The study approached the previous aim by assessing, by means of a proposed methodology; the level of significance, authenticity and integrity of the property. Based on the previous assessment, a list of conservation interventions was proposed to improve the property’s chance in meeting the conditions of authenticity and integrity. Finally, the World Heritage Centre’s recommended approaches and objectives were examined against the previous proposed conservation interventions. The findings indicated the possibility to adopt the principles-based approach to the conservation of New Gourna Village, as well as the other World Heritage Centre’s objectives, without limiting the property’s chance in meeting the conditions of authenticity and integrity. The study recommends to carry out further studies that are concerned with the identification

  4. The centre of the action

    CERN Document Server

    2008-01-01

    The CERN Control Centre (CCC) has all the ingredients of an action movie control room: hundreds of screens, technicians buzzing in and out, huge floor-to-ceiling windows revealing the looming vista of a mountain range, flashing lights, microphones… This is the place where not just the LHC, but the whole of CERN’s accelerator complex and technical support is based - truly the centre of the action at CERN.

  5. The compressibility of cubic white and orthorhombic, rhombohedral, and simple cubic black phosphorus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, Simon M; Zaug, Joseph

    2010-03-10

    The effect of pressure on the crystal structure of white phosphorus has been studied up to 22.4 GPa. The ?alpha phase was found to transform into the alpha' phase at 0.87 +- 0.04 GPa with a volume change of 0.1 +- 0.3 cc/mol. A fit of a second order Birch- Murnaghan equation to the data gave Vo = 16.94 ? 0.08 cc/mol and Ko = 6.7 +- 0.5 GPa for the alpha phase and Vo = 16.4 +- 0.1 cc/mol and Ko = 9.1 +- 0.3 GPa for the alpha' phase. The alpha' phase was found to transform to the A17 phase of black phosphorus at 2.68 +- 0.34 GPa and then with increasing pressure to the A7 and then simple cubic phase of black phosphorus. A fit of a second order Birch-Murnaghan equation to our data combined with previous measurements gave Vo = 11.43 +- 0.05 cc/mol and Ko = 34.7 +- 0.5 GPa for the A17 phase, Vo = 9.62 +- 0.01 cc/mol and Ko = 65.0 +- 0.6 GPa for the A7 phase and , Vo = 9.23 +- 0.01 cc/mol and Ko = 72.5 +- 0.3 GPa for the simple cubic phase.

  6. On q-power cycles in cubic graphs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bensmail, Julien

    2016-01-01

    In the context of a conjecture of Erdos and Gyárfás, we consider, for any q ≥ 2, the existence of q-power cycles (i.e. with length a power of q) in cubic graphs. We exhibit constructions showing that, for every q ≥ 3, there exist arbitrarily large cubic graphs with no q-power cycles. Concerning...... the remaining case q = 2 (which corresponds to the conjecture of Erdos and Gyárfás), we show that there exist arbitrarily large cubic graphs whose only 2-power cycles have length 4 only, or 8 only....

  7. On q-power cycles in cubic graphs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bensmail, Julien

    2017-01-01

    In the context of a conjecture of Erdos and Gyárfás, we consider, for any q ≥ 2, the existence of q-power cycles (i.e. with length a power of q) in cubic graphs. We exhibit constructions showing that, for every q ≥ 3, there exist arbitrarily large cubic graphs with no q-power cycles. Concerning...... the remaining case q = 2 (which corresponds to the conjecture of Erdos and Gyárfás), we show that there exist arbitrarily large cubic graphs whose only 2-power cycles have length 4 only, or 8 only....

  8. Cubic B-spline curve approximation by curve unclamping

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Xiao-Diao; Ma, Weiyin; Paul, Jean-Claude

    2010-01-01

    International audience; A new approach for cubic B-spline curve approximation is presented. The method produces an approximation cubic B-spline curve tangent to a given curve at a set of selected positions, called tangent points, in a piecewise manner starting from a seed segment. A heuristic method is provided to select the tangent points. The first segment of the approximation cubic B-spline curve can be obtained using an inner point interpolation method, least-squares method or geometric H...

  9. The electrical characteristics of metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors fabricated on cubic silicon carbide

    CERN Document Server

    Ohshima, T; Ishida, Y

    2003-01-01

    The n-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) were fabricated on cubic silicon carbide (3C-SiC) epitaxial layers grown on 3C-SiC substrates. The gate oxide of the MOSFETs was formed using pyrogenic oxidation at 1100 degC. The 3C-SiC MOSFETs showed enhancement type behaviors after annealing at 200degC for 30 min in argon atmosphere. The maximum value of the effective channel mobility of the 3C-SiC MOSFETs was 260cm sup 2 /V centre dot s. The leakage current of gate oxide was of a few tens of nA/cm sup 2 at an electric field range below 8.5 MV/cm, and breakdown began around 8.5MV/cm. (author)

  10. Rare Earth Market Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Oversupply of rare earths led to the significant price drop of rare earth mineral products and separated products in Chinese domestic market. To stabilize the price, prevent waste of resources, further improve regulation capability on domestic rare earth market and rare earth price and maintain sustaining and healthy development of rare earth industry, partial rare earth producers in Baotou and Jiangxi province projected to cease the production for one month.

  11. The Coulombic Lattice Potential of Ionic Compounds: The Cubic Perovskites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francisco, E.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Presents coulombic models representing the particles of a system by point charges interacting through Coulomb's law to explain coulombic lattice potential. Uses rubidium manganese trifluoride as an example of cubic perovskite structure. Discusses the effects on cluster properties. (CW)

  12. Spinning solitons in cubic-quintic nonlinear media

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Lucian-Cornel Crasovan; Boris A Malomed; Dumitru Mihalache

    2001-11-01

    We review recent theoretical results concerning the existence, stability and unique features of families of bright vortex solitons (doughnuts, or ‘spinning’ solitons) in both conservative and dissipative cubic-quintic nonlinear media.

  13. Global infinite energy solutions for the cubic wave equation

    OpenAIRE

    Burq, N.; L. Thomann; Tzvetkov, N.

    2012-01-01

    International audience; We prove the existence of infinite energy global solutions of the cubic wave equation in dimension greater than 3. The data is a typical element on the support of suitable probability measures.

  14. Stress Intensity of Antiplane Conjugate Cracks in Cubic Quasicrystal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Lei

    2008-01-01

    Based on the theory of Muskhelishvili, the general solutions for stress and strain of conjugate cracks in cubic quasicrystal are obtained, with which the stress intensity factors of cubic quasicrystal at crack tips and the stress distribution functions of phonon and phason fields are given. The results show that though phason field is coupled with phonon field by constitutive equations, the stress intensity factors are not coupled with any other factors.

  15. Optical studies of cubic III-nitride structures

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The properties of cubic nitrides grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on GaAs (001) have been studied using optical and electrical techniques. The aim of these studies was the improvement of the growth techniques in order to improve the quality of grown nitrides intended for bulk substrate and optoelectronic device applications. We have also characterised hexagonal nanocolumn structures incorporating indium. Firstly, bulk films of cubic AlxGa1-xN with aluminium fractions (x) spanning the ...

  16. The ideal Atomic Centre; Le Centre Atomique ideal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mas, R. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-07-01

    The author presents considerations which should prove to be of interest to all those who have to design, to construct and to operate a nuclear research centre. A large number of the ideas presented can also be applied to non-nuclear scientific research centres. In his report the author reviews: various problems with which the constructor is faced: ground-plan, infrastructure, buildings and the large units of scientific equipment in the centre, and those problems facing the director: maintenance, production, supplies, security. The author stresses the relationship which ought to exist between the research workers and the management. With this aim in view he proposes the creation of National School for Administration in Research which would train administrative executives for public or private organisations; they would be specialised in the fields of fundamental or applied research. (author) [French] L'auteur propose une base de reflexions a tous ceux qui doivent concevoir, realiser et faire vivre un Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires. Un grand nombre des idees exprimees peut d'ailleurs s'appliquer a un Centre d'Etudes Scientifiques non nucleaires. Dans son ouvrage, l'auteur passe en revue les differents problemes qui se posent au constructeur: plan, masse, infrastructure, batiments et grands appareils du Centre, et ceux qu'a a resoudre le directeur: entretien, fabrication, approvisionnements, securite. L'auteur insiste sur l'aspect des rapports qui doivent exister entre les chercheurs et ceux qui les administrent. Il propose a cette fin la creation d'une Ecole Nationale d'Administration de la Recherche qui formerait des cadres administratifs pour les organismes publics ou prives, specialises dans la Recherche fondamentale ou appliquee. (auteur)

  17. Spinor bose gases in cubic optical lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mobarak, Mohamed Saidan Sayed Mohamed

    2014-01-27

    In recent years the quantum simulation of condensed-matter physics problems has resulted from exciting experimental progress in the realm of ultracold atoms and molecules in optical lattices. In this thesis we analyze theoretically a spinor Bose gas loaded into a three-dimensional cubic optical lattice. In order to account for different superfluid phases of spin-1 bosons with a linear Zeeman effect, we work out a Ginzburg-Landau theory for the underlying spin-1 Bose-Hubbard model. To this end we add artificial symmetry-breaking currents to the spin-1 Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian in order to break the global U (1) symmetry. With this we determine a diagrammatic expansion of the grand-canonical free energy up to fourth order in the symmetry-breaking currents and up to the leading non-trivial order in the hopping strength which is of first order. As a cross-check we demonstrate that the resulting grand-canonical free energy allows to recover the mean-field theory. Applying a Legendre transformation to the grand-canonical free energy, where the symmetry-breaking currents are transformed to order parameters, we obtain the effective Ginzburg-Landau action. With this we calculate in detail at zero temperature the Mott insulator-superfluid quantum phase boundary as well as condensate and particle number density in the superfluid phase. We find that both mean-field and Ginzburg-Landau theory yield the same quantum phase transition between the Mott insulator and superfluid phases, but the range of validity of the mean-field theory turns out to be smaller than that of the Ginzburg-Landau theory. Due to this finding we expect that the Ginzburg-Landau theory gives better results for the superfluid phase and, thus, we restrict ourselves to extremize only the effective Ginzburg-Landau action with respect to the order parameters. Without external magnetic field the superfluid phase is a polar (ferromagnetic) state for anti-ferromagnetic (ferromagnetic) interactions, i.e. only the

  18. Person-centred reflective practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devenny, Bob; Duffy, Kathleen

    Person-centred health and person-centred care have gained prominence across the UK following the publication of reports on public inquiries exploring failings in care. Self-awareness and participation in reflective practice are recognised as vital to supporting the person-centred agenda. This article presents an education framework for reflective practice, developed and used in one NHS board in Scotland, and based on the tenets of the clinical pastoral education movement. Providing an insight into the usefulness of a spiritual component in the reflective process, the framework provides an opportunity for nurses and other healthcare professionals to examine the spiritual dimensions of patient encounters, their own values and beliefs, and the effect these may have on their practice.

  19. Construction of the Wigner Data Centre

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    A remote extension of the CERN data centre has recently been inaugurated. Hosted at the Wigner Research Centre for Physics in Hungary, it provides extra computing power required to cover CERN’s needs. This video presents the construction of the Wigner Data Centre from initial demolishing work through to its completion and details the major technical characteristics of the Data Centre.

  20. Rare Earth Resolution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mei Xinyu

    2012-01-01

    BEFORE the early 1970s, China had no rare earth exports, and the world rare earth market was dominated by the United States, Europe and Japan. In the 1970s, China began to enter the world rare earth market and its share has picked up sharply in the following decades. Today, having the monopoly over global rare earth production, China must improve the benefits from rare earth production, not only from producing individual rare earth products, but also from mastering the intensive processing of rare earth products.

  1. In vivo imaging of germinal centres reveals a dynamic open structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwickert, Tanja A; Lindquist, Randall L; Shakhar, Guy; Livshits, Geulah; Skokos, Dimitris; Kosco-Vilbois, Marie H; Dustin, Michael L; Nussenzweig, Michel C

    2007-03-01

    Germinal centres are specialized structures wherein B lymphocytes undergo clonal expansion, class switch recombination, antibody gene diversification and affinity maturation. Three to four antigen-specific B cells colonize a follicle to establish a germinal centre and become rapidly dividing germinal-centre centroblasts that give rise to dark zones. Centroblasts produce non-proliferating centrocytes that are thought to migrate to the light zone of the germinal centre, which is rich in antigen-trapping follicular dendritic cells and CD4+ T cells. It has been proposed that centrocytes are selected in the light zone on the basis of their ability to bind cognate antigen. However, there have been no studies of germinal-centre dynamics or the migratory behaviour of germinal-centre cells in vivo. Here we report the direct visualization of B cells in lymph node germinal centres by two-photon laser-scanning microscopy in mice. Nearly all antigen-specific B cells participating in a germinal-centre reaction were motile and physically restricted to the germinal centre but migrated bi-directionally between dark and light zones. Notably, follicular B cells were frequent visitors to the germinal-centre compartment, suggesting that all B cells scan antigen trapped in germinal centres. Consistent with this observation, we found that high-affinity antigen-specific B cells can be recruited to an ongoing germinal-centre reaction. We conclude that the open structure of germinal centres enhances competition and ensures that rare high-affinity B cells can participate in antibody responses.

  2. LDE centres: sprint or marathon?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bonger, S.; Van Rein, E.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the Strategic Leiden-Delft-Erasmus Alliance, established by the three universities in 2012, was to improve research and education and competitiveness. Projects are intended to develop from the ground up, which led to the establishment of eight joint centres in 2013. A quick look around re

  3. An assessment of CSIRO Conformal Cubic Atmospheric Model simulations over Sri Lanka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thevakaran, A.; McGregor, J. L.; Katzfey, J.; Hoffmann, P.; Suppiah, R.; Sonnadara, D. U. J.

    2016-03-01

    In this study, we present an assessment of the Conformal Cubic Atmospheric Model (CCAM) 50 km simulations forced by the sea surface temperature and sea ice concentration of six global climate models (GCMs) (ACCESS1-0, CCSM4, GFDL-CM3, NorESM, MPI-ESM and CNRM-CM5) from the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) over South Asia, centred on Sri Lanka. The model simulations were compared with the data provided by the Asian Precipitation Highly Resolved Observational Data Integration towards Evaluation of Water Resource (APHRODITE) project and ERA-Interim from the European Centre for Medium range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) over a broad region centred on Sri Lanka. This broad region includes South Asia and northern Indian Ocean. Statistical measures such as pattern correlations, mean biases and root mean square errors were calculated separately for the four seasons. Results based on statistical tests indicate that the current CCAM simulations capture the spatial patterns of 10 m wind speed, mean sea level pressure, temperature and rainfall over a broad region over South Asia fairly well. The annual cycles of temperature and rainfall were also compared against observations over the northern and southern regions of Sri Lanka by taking the field average of each model and the observed data. The characteristics of the observed annual variations of rainfall and temperature over the smaller domains are not very well captured by the CCAM simulations. There are differences in the magnitudes of the temperature and rainfall in the six member CCAM simulations. Comparatively, the two CCAM simulations CNRM-CM5 and GFDL-CM3 show slightly better agreement over the Sri Lankan region.

  4. A new distorted body-centred cubic phase of titanium (delta-Ti) at pressures up to 220 GPa

    CERN Document Server

    Akahama, Y; Bihan, T L

    2002-01-01

    Structural phase transitions of titanium (Ti) have been investigated at pressures up to 220 GPa at room temperature using a monochromatic synchrotron x-ray diffraction technique. At 140 GPa, the hexagonal phase (omega-Ti) was transformed into an orthorhombic phase (delta-Ti) with a distorted bcc structure via an intermediate phase (gamma-Ti), which has recently been proposed. The delta-Ti and gamma-Ti phases had a unique zigzag-chain-like structure, which resulted from an orthorhombic distortion.

  5. A new distorted body-centred cubic phase of titanium ({delta}-Ti) at pressures up to 220 GPa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akahama, Yuichi [Faculty of Science, Himeji Institute of Technology, 3-2-1, Kouto, Kamigohri, Hyogo 678-1297 (Japan); Kawamura, Haruki [Faculty of Science, Himeji Institute of Technology, 3-2-1, Kouto, Kamigohri, Hyogo 678-1297 (Japan); Bihan, Tristan Le [Faculty of Science, Himeji Institute of Technology, 3-2-1, Kouto, Kamigohri, Hyogo 678-1297 (Japan)

    2002-11-11

    Structural phase transitions of titanium (Ti) have been investigated at pressures up to 220 GPa at room temperature using a monochromatic synchrotron x-ray diffraction technique. At 140 GPa, the hexagonal phase ({omega}-Ti) was transformed into an orthorhombic phase ({delta}-Ti) with a distorted bcc structure via an intermediate phase ({gamma}-Ti), which has recently been proposed. The {delta}-Ti and {gamma}-Ti phases had a unique zigzag-chain-like structure, which resulted from an orthorhombic distortion.

  6. The CCCB is a cultural centre, not a tourist centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Xirau

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Last February, Barcelona's Centre of Contemporary Culture (CCCB celebrated its first ten years in existence. During this time, this institution has looked to be a showcase to the most modern and innovative cultural expressions focused on reflecting on the concept of the city. In this interview, Josep Ramoneda offers his personal view, as the CCCB's director. He talks of how this cultural project was born, of how the concept of the institution took shape in the CCCB, of its relations with Barcelona's Strategic Plan, of how the project has evolved, of the architectural remodelling of the Casa de la Caritat building for its conversion into a cultural centre, of the relations with other institutions and its future.

  7. Body-centered-cubic Ni and its magnetic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, C S; Qian, D; Wu, D; He, R H; Wu, Y Z; Tang, W X; Yin, L F; Shi, Y S; Dong, G S; Jin, X F; Jiang, X M; Liu, F Q; Qian, H J; Sun, K; Wang, L M; Rossi, G; Qiu, Z Q; Shi, J

    2005-04-08

    The body-centered-cubic (bcc) phase of Ni, which does not exist in nature, has been achieved as a thin film on GaAs(001) at 170 K via molecular beam epitaxy. The bcc Ni is ferromagnetic with a Curie temperature of 456 K and possesses a magnetic moment of 0.52+/-0.08 micro(B)/atom. The cubic magnetocrystalline anisotropy of bcc Ni is determined to be +4.0x10(5) ergs x cm(-3), as opposed to -5.7x10(4) ergs x cm(-3) for the naturally occurring face-centered-cubic (fcc) Ni. This sharp contrast in the magnetic anisotropy is attributed to the different electronic band structures between bcc Ni and fcc Ni, which are determined using angle-resolved photoemission with synchrotron radiation.

  8. Hardness and thermal stability of cubic silicon nitride

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jiang, Jianzhong; Kragh, Flemming; Frost, D. J.

    2001-01-01

    The hardness and thermal stability of cubic spinel silicon nitride (c-Si3N4), synthesized under high-pressure and high-temperature conditions, have been studied by microindentation measurements, and x-ray powder diffraction and scanning electron microscopy, respectively The phase at ambient...... temperature has an average hardness of 35.31 GPa, slightly larger than SiO2 stishovite, which is often referred to as the third hardest material after diamond and cubic boron nitride. The cubic phase is stable up to 1673 K in air. At 1873 K, alpha -and beta -Si3N4 phases are observed, indicating a phase...... transformation sequence of c-to-alpha -to-beta -Si3N4 phases....

  9. Extended temperature dependence of elastic constants in cubic crystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telichko, A V; Sorokin, B P

    2015-08-01

    To extend the theory of the temperature dependence of the elastic constants in cubic crystals beyond the second- and third-order elastic constants, the fourth-order elastic constants, as well as the non-linearity in the thermal expansion temperature dependence, have been taken into account. Theoretical results were represented as temperature functions of the effective elastic constants and compared with experimental data for a number of cubic crystals, such as alkali metal halides, and elements gold and silver. The relations obtained give a more accurate description of the experimental temperature dependences of second-order elastic constants for a number of cubic crystals, including deviations from linear behavior. A good agreement between theoretical estimates and experimental data has been observed.

  10. Cubic interactions of Maxwell-like higher spins

    CERN Document Server

    Francia, Dario; Mkrtchyan, Karapet

    2016-01-01

    We study the cubic vertices for Maxwell-like higher-spins in flat space. Reducibility of their free spectra implies that a single cubic vertex involving any three fields subsumes a number of couplings among different particles of various spins. The resulting vertices do not involve traces of the fields and in this sense are simpler than their Fronsdal counterparts. We propose an extension of both the free theory and of its cubic deformation to a more general class of partially reducible systems, that one can obtain from the original theory upon imposing trace constraints of various orders. The key to our results is a version of the Noether procedure allowing to systematically account for the deformations of the transversality conditions to be imposed on the gauge parameters at the free level.

  11. Tetragonal and cubic zirconia multilayered ceramic constructs created by EPD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mochales, Carolina; Frank, Stefan; Zehbe, Rolf; Traykova, Tania; Fleckenstein, Christine; Maerten, Anke; Fleck, Claudia; Mueller, Wolf-Dieter

    2013-02-14

    The interest in electrophoretic deposition (EPD) for nanomaterials and ceramics production has widely increased due to the versatility of this technique to effectively combine different materials in unique shapes and structures. We successfully established an EPD layering process with submicrometer sized powders of Y-TZP with different mol percentages of yttrium oxide (3 and 8%) and produced multilayers of alternating tetragonal and cubic phases with a clearly defined interface. The rationale behind the design of these multilayer constructs was to optimize the properties of the final ceramic by combining the high mechanical toughness of the tetragonal phase of zirconia together with the high ionic conductivity of its cubic phase. In this work, a preliminary study of the mechanical properties of these constructs proved the good mechanical integrity of the multilayered constructs obtained as well as crack deflection in the interface between tetragonal and cubic zirconia layers.

  12. Ferromagnetic Ground States in Face-Centered Cubic Hubbard Clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, T. X. R.; Macedo, C. A.

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the ground state energies of face-centered cubic Hubbard clusters are analyzed using the Lanczos method. Examination of the ground state energy as a function of the number of particle per site n showed an energy minimum for face-centered cubic structures. This energy minimum decreased in n with increasing coulombic interaction parameter U. We found that the ground state energy had a minimum at n = 0.6, when U = 3W, where W denotes the non-interacting energy bandwidth and the face-centered cubic structure was ferromagnetic. These results, when compared with the properties of nickel, shows strong similarity with other finite temperature analyses in the literature and supports the Hirsh’s conjecture that the interatomic direct exchange interaction dominates in driving the system into a ferromagnetic phase. PMID:27583653

  13. Superconductivity in cubic noncentrosymmetric PdBiSe Crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, B.; Thamizhavel, A.; Ramakrishnan, S.

    2015-03-01

    Mixing of spin singlet and spin triplet superconducting pairing state is expected in noncentrosymmetric superconductors (NCS) due to the inherent presence of Rashba-type antisymmetric spin-orbit coupling. Unlike low symmetry (tetragonal or monoclinic) NCS, parity is isotropicaly broken in space for cubic NCS and can additionally lead to the coexistence of magnetic and superconducting state under certain conditions. Motivated with such enriched possibility of unconventional superconducting phases in cubic NCS we are reporting successful formation of single crystalline cubic noncentrosymmetric PdBiSe with lattice parameter a = 6.4316 Å and space group P21 3 (space group no. 198) which undergoes to superconducting transition state below 1.8 K as measured by electrical transport and AC susceptibility measurements. Significant strength of Rashba-type antisymmetric spin-orbit coupling can be expected for PdBiSe due to the presence of high Z (atomic number) elements consequently making it potential candidate for unconventional superconductivity.

  14. A new hypercube variant: Fractal Cubic Network Graph

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Karci

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Hypercube is a popular and more attractive interconnection networks. The attractive properties of hypercube caused the derivation of more variants of hypercube. In this paper, we have proposed two variants of hypercube which was called as “Fractal Cubic Network Graphs”, and we have investigated the Hamiltonian-like properties of Fractal Cubic Network Graphs FCNGr(n. Firstly, Fractal Cubic Network Graphs FCNGr(n are defined by a fractal structure. Further, we show the construction and characteristics analyses of FCNGr(n where r=1 or r=2. Therefore, FCNGr(n is a Hamiltonian graph which is obtained by using Gray Code for r=2 and FCNG1(n is not a Hamiltonian Graph. Furthermore, we have obtained a recursive algorithm which is used to label the nodes of FCNG2(n. Finally, we get routing algorithms on FCNG2(n by utilizing routing algorithms on the hypercubes.

  15. Classifying Cubic Edge-Transitive Graphs of Order 8

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mehdi Alaeiyan; M K Hosseinipoor

    2009-11-01

    A simple undirected graph is said to be semisymmetric if it is regular and edge-transitive but not vertex-transitive. Let be a prime. It was shown by Folkman (J. Combin. Theory 3(1967) 215--232) that a regular edge-transitive graph of order 2 or 22 is necessarily vertex-transitive. In this paper, an extension of his result in the case of cubic graphs is given. It is proved that, every cubic edge-transitive graph of order 8 is symmetric, and then all such graphs are classified.

  16. Elastic interaction of point defects in crystals with cubic symmetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuz'michev, S. V.; Kukushkin, S. A.; Osipov, A. V.

    2013-07-01

    The energy of elastic mechanical interaction between point defects in cubic crystals is analyzed numerically. The finite-element complex ANSYS is used to investigate the character of interaction between point defects depending on their location along the crystallographic directions , , and on the distance from the free boundary of the crystal. The numerical results are compared with the results of analytic computations of the energy of interaction between two point defects in an infinite anisotropic medium with cubic symmetry. The interaction between compressible and incompressible defects of general type is studied. Conditions for onset of elastic attraction between the defects, which leads to general relaxation of the crystal elastic energy, are obtained.

  17. Counting perfect matchings of cubic graphs in the geometric dual

    CERN Document Server

    Jiménez, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    Lov\\'asz and Plummer conjectured, in the mid 1970's, that every cubic graph G with no cutedge has an exponential in |V(G)| number of perfect matchings. In this work we show that every cubic planar graph G whose geometric dual graph is a stack triangulation has at least 3 times the golden ratio to |V(G)|/72 distinct perfect matchings. Our work builds on a novel approach relating Lov\\'asz and Plummer's conjecture and the number of so called groundstates of the widely studied Ising model from statistical physics.

  18. Cubic surfaces and their invariants: Some memories of Raymond Stora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Bauer

    2016-11-01

    I then turn to the study of the family of cubic surfaces. They depend on 20 parameters, and the action of the 15 parameter group SL4(C splits the family in orbits depending on 5 parameters. This takes us into the realm of (geometric invariant theory. I review briefly the classical theorems on the structure of the ring of polynomial invariants and illustrate its many facets by looking at a simple example, before turning to the already involved case of cubic surfaces. The invariant ring was described in the 19th century. I show how to retrieve this description via counting/generating functions and character formulae.

  19. Possible form of multi-polar interaction in cubic lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakai, Osamu; Shiina, Ryousuke; Shiba, Hiroyuki

    2003-05-01

    The invariant form of interaction between multi-poles, including the octupole, is studied for the simple cubic (SC), body centered and face centered cubic lattices. The coupling terms can be arranged in a way similar to that of the hopping matrix between the LCAO's. A table for SC by Shiina et al. (J. Phys. Soc. Japan 66 (1997) 1741) is generalized for the general wave number case of the three types of lattice. Recent experimental result of TmTe is thereby analyzed. The development of the ferromagnetic moment below the anti-ferromagnetic transition under the anti-ferro quadrupolar order phase is discussed in this connection.

  20. Possible form of multi-polar interaction in cubic lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakai, Osamu; Shiina, Ryousuke; Shiba, Hiroyuki

    2003-05-01

    The invariant form of interaction between multi-poles, including the octupole, is studied for the simple cubic (SC), body centered and face centered cubic lattices. The coupling terms can be arranged in a way similar to that of the hopping matrix between the LCAO's. A table for SC by Shiina et al. (J. Phys. Soc. Japan 66 (1997) 1741) is generalized for the general wave number case of the three types of lattice. Recent experimental result of TmTe is thereby analyzed. The development of the ferromagnetic moment below the anti-ferromagnetic transition under the anti-ferro quadrupolar order phase is discussed in this connection.

  1. Higher-spin Interactions from CFT: The Complete Cubic Couplings

    CERN Document Server

    Sleight, Charlotte

    2016-01-01

    In this letter we provide a complete holographic reconstruction of the cubic couplings in the minimal bosonic higher-spin theory in AdS$_{d+1}$. For this purpose we also determine the OPE coefficients of all single-trace conserved currents in the $d$-dimensional free scalar $O\\left(N\\right)$ vector model, and compute the tree-level three-point Witten diagram amplitudes for a generic cubic interaction of higher-spin gauge fields in the metric-like formulation.

  2. Xanthogranulomatous prostatitis: Rare presentation of rare disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohan S Valsangkar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Granulomatous inflammation of the prostate is a rare type of inflammation of the prostate. It is of various types, with the non-specific type of granulomatous inflammation being the most common. Xanthogranulomatous prostatitis is a rare type of granulomatous prostatitis of which very few cases have been reported. Histologically it is characterized by the presence of pale-looking foamy macrophages. It can be an incidental finding after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP, although it may mimic prostatic malignancy clinically, biochemically, and rarely histologically. We report a rare case of xanthogranulomatous prostatitis which presented as a prostatic abscess, a presentation never reported in literature so far. The patient was managed with TURP.

  3. Instability of some divalent rare earth ions and photochromic effect

    OpenAIRE

    Egranov, A. V.; Sizova, T. Yu.; Shendrik, R. Yu.; Smirnova, N. A.

    2015-01-01

    It was shown that the divalent rare earth ions (La, Ce, Gd, Tb, Lu, and Y) in cubic sites in alkaline earth fluorides are unstable with respect to electron autodetachment since its d1(eg) ground state is located in the conduction band which is consistent with the general tendency of these ions in various compounds. The localization of doubly degenerate d1(eg) level in the conduction band creates a configuration instability around the divalent rare earth ion that leading to the formation of an...

  4. Rare Disorders and Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umlauf, Mary; Monaco, Jana; FitzZaland, Mary; FitzZaland, Richard; Novitsky, Scott

    2008-01-01

    According to the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD), a rare or "orphan" disease affects fewer than 200,000 people in the United States. There are more than 6,000 rare disorders that, taken together, affect approximately 25 million Americans. "Exceptional Parent" ("EP") recognizes that when a disorder affects a child or adult, it…

  5. Information from the Cultural Kiosk - Geneva Welcome Centre (UNOG)

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

    The Geneva Welcome Centre has the pleasure to inform you that the Cultural Kiosk at the UNOG is now able, thanks to a new partnership with FNAC, to sell tickets for a number of additional cultural events, among others those of the Grand Théâtre de Genève.   To celebrate this new feature,   the Grand Théâtre de Genève   in association with the Geneva Welcome Centre and the magazine UN Special   has decided to make a special offer for its next performance,   Francesco Cavalli's " La Calisto "   which will be represented from 13 April to 28 April 2010.   This offer is meant for international civil servants, members of diplomatic missions as well as official delegates under presentation of their legitimation or accreditation card. The tickets at the reduced price can be bought at the Cultural Kiosk (door 6).   This opera, rarely performed, will...

  6. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Roger

    2014-11-04

    The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control was set up in 2005 to strengthen Europe's defences against infectious diseases. The centre is an independent agency of the European Union and is based in Stockholm, Sweden.

  7. Cubic surfaces and their invariants: Some memories of Raymond Stora

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, Michel

    2016-11-01

    Cubic surfaces embedded in complex projective 3-space are a classical illustration of the use of old and new methods in algebraic geometry. Recently, they made their appearance in physics, and in particular aroused the interest of Raymond Stora, to the memory of whom these notes are dedicated, and to whom I'm very much indebted. Each smooth cubic surface has a rich geometric structure, which I review briefly, with emphasis on the 27 lines and the combinatorics of their intersections. Only elementary methods are used, relying on first order perturbation/deformation theory. I then turn to the study of the family of cubic surfaces. They depend on 20 parameters, and the action of the 15 parameter group SL4 (C) splits the family in orbits depending on 5 parameters. This takes us into the realm of (geometric) invariant theory. I review briefly the classical theorems on the structure of the ring of polynomial invariants and illustrate its many facets by looking at a simple example, before turning to the already involved case of cubic surfaces. The invariant ring was described in the 19th century. I show how to retrieve this description via counting/generating functions and character formulae.

  8. Cubic spline approximation techniques for parameter estimation in distributed systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, H. T.; Crowley, J. M.; Kunisch, K.

    1983-01-01

    Approximation schemes employing cubic splines in the context of a linear semigroup framework are developed for both parabolic and hyperbolic second-order partial differential equation parameter estimation problems. Convergence results are established for problems with linear and nonlinear systems, and a summary of numerical experiments with the techniques proposed is given.

  9. Global Well-Posedness for Cubic NLS with Nonlinear Damping

    KAUST Repository

    Antonelli, Paolo

    2010-11-04

    We study the Cauchy problem for the cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation, perturbed by (higher order) dissipative nonlinearities. We prove global in-time existence of solutions for general initial data in the energy space. In particular we treat the energy-critical case of a quintic dissipation in three space dimensions. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

  10. Trace spaces in a pre-cubical complex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raussen, Martin

    In directed algebraic topology, (spaces of) directed irreversible (d)-paths are studied from a topological and from a categorical point of view. Motivated by models for concurrent computation, we study in this paper spaces of d-paths in a pre-cubical complex. Such paths are equipped with a natural...

  11. SUPERCONVERGENCE ANALYSIS FOR CUBIC TRIANGULAR ELEMENT OF THE FINITE ELEMENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi-ding Zhu

    2000-01-01

    In this paper, we construct a projection interpolation for cubic triangular ele- ment by using othogonal expansion triangular method. We show two fundamental formulas of estimation on a special partion and obtain a superconvergence result of 1 -e order higher for the placement function and its tangential derivative on the third order Lobatto points and Gauss points on each edge of triangular element.

  12. Trapping of cubic ZnO nanocrystallites at ambient conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Decremps, F.; Pellicer-Porres, J.; Datchi, F.

    2002-01-01

    Dense powder of nanocrystalline ZnO has been recovered at ambient conditions in the metastable cubic structure after a heat treatment at high pressure (15 GPa and 550 K). Combined x-ray diffraction (XRD) and x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) experiments have been performed to probe both long-ra...

  13. Integrability of Lotka-Volterra Planar Complex Cubic Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dukarić, Maša; Giné, Jaume

    In this paper, we study the Lotka-Volterra complex cubic systems. We obtain necessary conditions of integrability for these systems with some restriction on the parameters. The sufficiency is proved for all conditions, except one which remains open, using different methods.

  14. Phase diagrams and synthesis of cubic boron nitride

    CERN Document Server

    Turkevich, V Z

    2002-01-01

    On the basis of phase equilibria, the lowest temperatures, T sub m sub i sub n , above which at high pressures cubic boron nitride crystallization from melt solution is allowable in terms of thermodynamics have been found for a number of systems that include boron nitride.

  15. Specific heat of the simple-cubic Ising model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feng, X.; Blöte, H.W.J.

    2010-01-01

    We provide an expression quantitatively describing the specific heat of the Ising model on the simple-cubic lattice in the critical region. This expression is based on finite-size scaling of numerical results obtained by means of a Monte Carlo method. It agrees satisfactorily with series expansions

  16. Combinatorics on Words in Symbolic Dynamics: the Antisymmetric Cubic Map

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wan Ji DAI; Kebo L(U); Jun WANG

    2008-01-01

    This paper is contributed to the combinatorial properties of the periodic kneading words of antisymmetric cubic maps defined on a interval.The least words of given lengths,the adjacency relations on the words of given lengths and the parity-alternative property in some sets of such words are established.

  17. Higher-Order Approximation of Cubic-Quintic Duffing Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ganji, S. S.; Barari, Amin; Babazadeh, H.;

    2011-01-01

    We apply an Artificial Parameter Lindstedt-Poincaré Method (APL-PM) to find improved approximate solutions for strongly nonlinear Duffing oscillations with cubic-quintic nonlinear restoring force. This approach yields simple linear algebraic equations instead of nonlinear algebraic equations...

  18. Rheology of cubic particles suspended in a Newtonian fluid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cwalina, Colin D; Harrison, Kelsey J; Wagner, Norman J

    2016-05-18

    Many real-world industrial processes involve non-spherical particles suspended in a fluid medium. Knowledge of the flow behavior of these suspensions is essential for optimizing their transport properties and designing processing equipment. In the present work, we explore and report on the rheology of concentrated suspensions of cubic-shaped colloidal particles under steady and dynamic shear flow. These suspensions exhibit a rich non-Newtonian rheology that includes shear thickening and normal stress differences at high shear stresses. Scalings are proposed to connect the material properties of these suspensions of cubic particle to those measured for suspensions of spherical particles. Negative first normal stress differences indicate that lubrication hydrodynamic forces dominate the stress in the shear-thickened state. Accounting for the increased lubrication hydrodynamic interactions between the flat surfaces of the cubic particles allows for a quantitative comparison of the deviatoric stress in the shear-thickened state to that of spherical particles. New semi-empirical models for the viscosity and normal stress difference coefficients are presented for the shear-thickened state. The results of this study indicate that cubic particles offer new and unique opportunities to formulate colloidal dispersions for field-responsive materials.

  19. Connecting the Dots Parametrically: An Alternative to Cubic Splines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildebrand, Wilbur J.

    1990-01-01

    Discusses a method of cubic splines to determine a curve through a series of points and a second method for obtaining parametric equations for a smooth curve that passes through a sequence of points. Procedures for determining the curves and results of each of the methods are compared. (YP)

  20. Interaction of dispersed cubic phases with blood components

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bode, J C; Kuntsche, Judith; Funari, S S;

    2013-01-01

    The interaction of aqueous nanoparticle dispersions, e.g. based on monoolein/poloxamer 407, with blood components is an important topic concerning especially the parenteral way of administration. Therefore, the influence of human and porcine plasma on dispersed cubic phases was investigated...

  1. A Unified Approach to Teaching Quadratic and Cubic Equations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, A. J. B.

    2003-01-01

    Presents a simple method for teaching the algebraic solution of cubic equations via completion of the cube. Shows that this method is readily accepted by students already familiar with completion of the square as a method for quadratic equations. (Author/KHR)

  2. Exact solutions for the cubic-quintic nonlinear Schroedinger equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu Jiamin [Department of Physics, Zhejiang Lishui University, Lishui 323000 (China)]. E-mail: zjm64@163.com; Ma Zhengyi [Department of Physics, Zhejiang Lishui University, Lishui 323000 (China); Institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072 (China)

    2007-08-15

    In this paper, the cubic-quintic nonlinear Schroedinger equation is solved through the extended elliptic sub-equation method. As a consequence, many types of exact travelling wave solutions are obtained which including bell and kink profile solitary wave solutions, triangular periodic wave solutions and singular solutions.

  3. Orientational phase transition in cubic liquid crystals with positional order

    OpenAIRE

    Pokrovsky, V.L.; Saidachmetov, P.A.

    1988-01-01

    An electric field can give rise to a shear deformation of a cubic liquid crystal with long-range positional order fixed by two plates. The critical value of the field does not depend on the size of the system and depends crucially on the orientation.

  4. An effective packing density of binary cubic crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eremin, I. E.; Eremina, V. V.; Sychev, M. S.; Moiseenko, V. G.

    2015-04-01

    The methodology of effective macroscopic calculation of numerical values of internuclear distances in binary crystals of a cubic crystal system is based on the use of coefficients of the structural packing density of the crystal lattice. The possibility of combining the reference data on the main physicochemical parameters of the substance is implemented by synthesis of the corresponding mathematical models.

  5. Mass Segregation in the Galactic Centre

    CERN Document Server

    Hopman, Clovis

    2010-01-01

    Two-body energy exchange between stars orbiting massive black holes (MBHs) leads to the formation of a power-law density distribution n(r)~r^(-a) that diverges towards the MBH. For a single mass population, a=7/4 and the flow of stars is much less than N(rare and massive however, the zero-flow limit breaks down and much steeper distributions are obtained. We discuss the physics driving mass-segregation with the use of Fokker-Planck calculations, and show that steady state is reached in 0.2-0.3 t_r. Since the relaxation time in the Galactic centre (GC) is t_r ~2-3 * 10^(10) yr, a cusp should form in less than a Hubble time. The absence of a visible cusp of old stars in the GC poses a challenge to these models, ...

  6. A new Cyrtanthus species(Amaryllidaceae: Cyrtantheae endemic to the Albany Centre, Eastern Cape, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. A. Snijman

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Cyrtanthus macmasteri Snijman is a rare new species from the Albany Centre of endemism. Eastern Cape. South Africa. Most closely related to C.  galpinii Baker, and autumn-flowering species with a single or rarely-flowered inflorescence from the northern regions of southern Africa. C macmasteri is distinguished by a 3 to 6-flowered inflorescence. It grows on steep banks of the Great Kei River and its tributaries and flowers in summer.

  7. Scheduling participants of Assessment Centres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lysgaard, Jens; Løber, Janni

      Assessment Centres are used as a tool for psychologists and coaches to observe a number of dimensions in a person's behaviour and test his/her potential within a number of chosen focus areas. This is done in an intense course, with a number of different exercises which expose each participant......'s ability level in the chosen focus areas. The participants are observed by assessors with the purpose of gathering material for reaching a conclusion on each participant's personal profile. We consider the particular case that arises at the company Human Equity (www.humanequity.dk), where Assessment...

  8. Perceptual centres in speech - an acoustic analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Sophie Kerttu

    Perceptual centres, or P-centres, represent the perceptual moments of occurrence of acoustic signals - the 'beat' of a sound. P-centres underlie the perception and production of rhythm in perceptually regular speech sequences. P-centres have been modelled both in speech and non speech (music) domains. The three aims of this thesis were toatest out current P-centre models to determine which best accounted for the experimental data bto identify a candidate parameter to map P-centres onto (a local approach) as opposed to the previous global models which rely upon the whole signal to determine the P-centre the final aim was to develop a model of P-centre location which could be applied to speech and non speech signals. The first aim was investigated by a series of experiments in which a) speech from different speakers was investigated to determine whether different models could account for variation between speakers b) whether rendering the amplitude time plot of a speech signal affects the P-centre of the signal c) whether increasing the amplitude at the offset of a speech signal alters P-centres in the production and perception of speech. The second aim was carried out by a) manipulating the rise time of different speech signals to determine whether the P-centre was affected, and whether the type of speech sound ramped affected the P-centre shift b) manipulating the rise time and decay time of a synthetic vowel to determine whether the onset alteration was had more affect on P-centre than the offset manipulation c) and whether the duration of a vowel affected the P-centre, if other attributes (amplitude, spectral contents) were held constant. The third aim - modelling P-centres - was based on these results. The Frequency dependent Amplitude Increase Model of P-centre location (FAIM) was developed using a modelling protocol, the APU GammaTone Filterbank and the speech from different speakers. The P-centres of the stimuli corpus were highly predicted by attributes of

  9. The new AMS control centre

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2011-01-01

    Construction work for the future AMS control room began in November 2010 and should be finished this June. The new building, which will have been completed in record time thanks to the professionalism of the project team, will soon be ready to receive the initial data from the AMS experiment.     Luigi Scibile and Michael Poehler, from the GS department, at the AMS control centre construction site.   The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) is due to wing its way towards the International Space Station (ISS) on board the shuttle Discovery in April. Mainly intended for research on antimatter and dark matter, the data collected by AMS will be sent to Houston in the United States and then directly to CERN’s new Building 946. Construction work for the AMS control centre building on the Route Gentner at CERN’s Prévessin site started in November 2010 and must be completed in time to receive the first data from the spectrometer in June. “It normall...

  10. Analysis of rare categories

    CERN Document Server

    He, Jingrui

    2012-01-01

    In many real-world problems, rare categories (minority classes) play essential roles despite their extreme scarcity. The discovery, characterization and prediction of rare categories of rare examples may protect us from fraudulent or malicious behavior, aid scientific discovery, and even save lives. This book focuses on rare category analysis, where the majority classes have smooth distributions, and the minority classes exhibit the compactness property. Furthermore, it focuses on the challenging cases where the support regions of the majority and minority classes overlap. The author has devel

  11. Microscopic insight into properties and electronic instabilities of impurities in cubic and lower symmetry insulators: the influence of pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, M; Barriuso, M T; Aramburu, J A; García-Fernández, P; García-Lastra, J M

    2006-05-03

    This article reviews the microscopic origin of properties due to transition-metal (TM) impurities, M, in insulator materials. Particular attention is paid to the influence of pressure upon impurity properties. Basic concepts such as the electronic localization in an MX(N) complex, the electrostatic potential, V(R), arising from the rest of the lattice ions or the elastic coupling of the complex to the host lattice are initially exposed. The dependence of optical and magnetic parameters on the impurity-ligand distance, R, in cubic lattices is discussed in a first step. Emphasis is put on the actual origin of the R dependence of 10Dq. Examples revealing that laws for strict cubic symmetry cannot in general be transferred to lower symmetries are later given. This relevant fact is shown to come from allowed hybridizations like nd-(n+1)s as well as the influence of V(R). As a salient feature the different colour in ruby and emerald is stressed to arise from distinct V(R) potentials in Al(2)O(3) and Be(3)Si(6)Al(2)O(18). The last part of this review deals with electronic instabilities. The phenomena associated with the Jahn-Teller (JT) effect in cubic lattices, the origin of the energy barrier among equivalent minima and the existence of coherent tunnelling in systems like MgO:Cu(2+) are discussed. An increase of elastic coupling is pointed out to favour a transition from an elongated to a compressed equilibrium conformation. Interestingly the equilibrium geometry of JT ions in non-cubic lattices is shown to be controlled by mechanisms different to those in cubic systems, V(R) playing again a key role. The relevance of first principles calculations for clarifying the subtle mechanisms behind off-centre instabilities is also pointed out. Examples concern monovalent and divalent TM impurities in lattices with the CaF(2) structure. The instability due to the transition from the ground to an excited state is finally considered. For complexes with significant elastic coupling

  12. Microscopic insight into properties and electronic instabilities of impurities in cubic and lower symmetry insulators: the influence of pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreno, M [Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); Barriuso, M T [Departamento de Fisica Moderna, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); Aramburu, J A [Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); GarcIa-Fernandez, P [Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); GarcIa-Lastra, J M [Departamento de Fisica Moderna, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain)

    2006-05-03

    This article reviews the microscopic origin of properties due to transition-metal (TM) impurities, M, in insulator materials. Particular attention is paid to the influence of pressure upon impurity properties. Basic concepts such as the electronic localization in an MX{sub N} complex, the electrostatic potential, V{sub R}, arising from the rest of the lattice ions or the elastic coupling of the complex to the host lattice are initially exposed. The dependence of optical and magnetic parameters on the impurity-ligand distance, R, in cubic lattices is discussed in a first step. Emphasis is put on the actual origin of the R dependence of 10Dq. Examples revealing that laws for strict cubic symmetry cannot in general be transferred to lower symmetries are later given. This relevant fact is shown to come from allowed hybridizations like nd-(n+1)s as well as the influence of V{sub R}. As a salient feature the different colour in ruby and emerald is stressed to arise from distinct V{sub R} potentials in Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Be{sub 3}Si{sub 6}Al{sub 2}O{sub 18}. The last part of this review deals with electronic instabilities. The phenomena associated with the Jahn-Teller (JT) effect in cubic lattices, the origin of the energy barrier among equivalent minima and the existence of coherent tunnelling in systems like MgO:Cu{sup 2+} are discussed. An increase of elastic coupling is pointed out to favour a transition from an elongated to a compressed equilibrium conformation. Interestingly the equilibrium geometry of JT ions in non-cubic lattices is shown to be controlled by mechanisms different to those in cubic systems, V{sub R} playing again a key role. The relevance of first principles calculations for clarifying the subtle mechanisms behind off-centre instabilities is also pointed out. Examples concern monovalent and divalent TM impurities in lattices with the CaF{sub 2} structure. The instability due to the transition from the ground to an excited state is finally

  13. Plasma simulation with the Differential Algebraic Cubic Interpolated Propagation scheme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Utsumi, Takayuki [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    1998-03-01

    A computer code based on the Differential Algebraic Cubic Interpolated Propagation scheme has been developed for the numerical solution of the Boltzmann equation for a one-dimensional plasma with immobile ions. The scheme advects the distribution function and its first derivatives in the phase space for one time step by using a numerical integration method for ordinary differential equations, and reconstructs the profile in phase space by using a cubic polynomial within a grid cell. The method gives stable and accurate results, and is efficient. It is successfully applied to a number of equations; the Vlasov equation, the Boltzmann equation with the Fokker-Planck or the Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook (BGK) collision term and the relativistic Vlasov equation. The method can be generalized in a straightforward way to treat cases such as problems with nonperiodic boundary conditions and higher dimensional problems. (author)

  14. Cubic ideal ferromagnets at low temperature and weak magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Christoph P.

    2017-04-01

    The low-temperature series for the free energy density, pressure, magnetization and susceptibility of cubic ideal ferromagnets in weak external magnetic fields are discussed within the effective Lagrangian framework up to three loops. The structure of the simple, body-centered, and face-centered cubic lattice is taken into account explicitly. The expansion involves integer and half-integer powers of the temperature. The corresponding coefficients depend on the magnetic field and on low-energy effective constants that can be expressed in terms of microscopic quantities. Our formulas may also serve as efficiency or consistency check for other techniques like Green's function methods, where spurious terms in the low-temperature expansion have appeared. We explore the sign and magnitude of the spin-wave interaction in the pressure, magnetization and susceptibility, and emphasize that our effective field theory approach is fully systematic and rigorous.

  15. Experimental core electron density of cubic boron nitride

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlberg, Nanna; Bindzus, Niels; Bjerg, Lasse;

    Experimental core electron density of cubic boron nitride Nanna Wahlberg*, Niels Bindzus*, Lasse Bjerg*, Jacob Becker*, and Bo B. Iversen* *Aarhus University, Department of Chemistry, CMC, Langelandsgade 140, 8000 Århus, Denmark The resent progress in powder diffraction provides data of quality...... beyond multipolar modeling of the valence density. As was recently shown in a benchmark study of diamond by Bindzus et al.1 The next step is to investigate more complicated chemical bonding motives, to determine the effect of bonding on the core density. Cubic boron nitride2 lends itself as a perfect...... candidate because of its many similarities with diamond: bonding pattern in the extended network structure, hardness, and the quality of the crystallites.3 However, some degree ionic interaction is a part of the bonding in boron nitride, which is not present in diamond. By investigating the core density...

  16. Global Sufficient Optimality Conditions for a Special Cubic Minimization Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaomei Zhang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We present some sufficient global optimality conditions for a special cubic minimization problem with box constraints or binary constraints by extending the global subdifferential approach proposed by V. Jeyakumar et al. (2006. The present conditions generalize the results developed in the work of V. Jeyakumar et al. where a quadratic minimization problem with box constraints or binary constraints was considered. In addition, a special diagonal matrix is constructed, which is used to provide a convenient method for justifying the proposed sufficient conditions. Then, the reformulation of the sufficient conditions follows. It is worth noting that this reformulation is also applicable to the quadratic minimization problem with box or binary constraints considered in the works of V. Jeyakumar et al. (2006 and Y. Wang et al. (2010. Finally some examples demonstrate that our optimality conditions can effectively be used for identifying global minimizers of the certain nonconvex cubic minimization problem.

  17. The Piecewise Cubic Method (PCM) for Computational Fluid Dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Dongwook; Reyes, Adam

    2016-01-01

    We present a new high-order finite volume reconstruction method for hyperbolic conservation laws. The method is based on a piecewise cubic polynomial which provides its solutions a fifth-order accuracy in space. The spatially reconstructed solutions are evolved in time with a fourth-order accuracy by tracing the characteristics of the cubic polynomials. As a result, our temporal update scheme provides a significantly simpler and computationally more efficient approach in achieving fourth order accuracy in time, relative to the comparable fourth-order Runge-Kutta method. We demonstrate that the solutions of PCM converges in fifth-order in solving 1D smooth flows described by hyperbolic conservation laws. We test the new scheme in a range of numerical experiments, including both gas dynamics and magnetohydrodynamics applications in multiple spatial dimensions.

  18. Cubic Composite Sensor with Photodiodes for Tracking Solar Orientation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong-Nong Chang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A cubic composite solar sensor with photo diode is proposed for tracking the relative solar orientation. The proposed solar sensor composes of five photodiode detectors which are placed on the front, rear, left, right, and horizontal facets in a cubic body, respectively. The solar detectors placed on five facets can detect solar power of different facets. Based on the geometric coordinate transformation principle, the relationship equations of solar light orientation between measured powers with respect to various facets can be conducted. As a result, the solar orientation can be precisely achieved without needing any assistance of electronic compass and extra orientation angle corrector. Eventually, the relative solar light orientation, the elevation angle, and azimuth angle of the solar light can be measured precisely.

  19. Reversible Nanoparticle Cubic Lattices in Blue Phase Liquid Crystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gharbi, Mohamed Amine; Manet, Sabine; Lhermitte, Julien; Brown, Sarah; Milette, Jonathan; Toader, Violeta; Sutton, Mark; Reven, Linda

    2016-03-22

    Blue phases (BPs), a distinct class of liquid crystals (LCs) with 3D periodic ordering of double twist cylinders involving orthogonal helical director twists, have been theoretically studied as potential templates for tunable colloidal crystals. Here, we report the spontaneous formation of thermally reversible, cubic crystal nanoparticle (NP) assemblies in BPs. Gold NPs, functionalized to be highly miscible in cyanobiphenyl-based LCs, were dispersed in BP mixtures and characterized by polarized optical microscopy and synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The NPs assemble by selectively migrating to periodic strong trapping sites in the BP disclination lines. The NP lattice, remarkably robust given the small particle size (4.5 nm diameter), is commensurate with that of the BP matrix. At the BP I to BP II phase transition, the NP lattice reversibly switches between two different cubic structures. The simultaneous presence of two different symmetries in a single material presents an interesting opportunity to develop novel dynamic optical materials.

  20. Nonlinear optical imaging of defects in cubic silicon carbide epilayers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hristu, Radu; Stanciu, Stefan G; Tranca, Denis E; Matei, Alecs; Stanciu, George A

    2014-06-11

    Silicon carbide is one of the most promising materials for power electronic devices capable of operating at extreme conditions. The widespread application of silicon carbide power devices is however limited by the presence of structural defects in silicon carbide epilayers. Our experiment demonstrates that optical second harmonic generation imaging represents a viable solution for characterizing structural defects such as stacking faults, dislocations and double positioning boundaries in cubic silicon carbide layers. X-ray diffraction and optical second harmonic rotational anisotropy were used to confirm the growth of the cubic polytype, atomic force microscopy was used to support the identification of silicon carbide defects based on their distinct shape, while second harmonic generation microscopy revealed the detailed structure of the defects. Our results show that this fast and noninvasive investigation method can identify defects which appear during the crystal growth and can be used to certify areas within the silicon carbide epilayer that have optimal quality.

  1. Highly Aminated Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles with Cubic Pore Structure

    KAUST Repository

    Suteewong, Teeraporn

    2011-01-19

    Mesoporous silica with cubic symmetry has attracted interest from researchers for some time. Here, we present the room temperature synthesis of mesoporous silica nanoparticles possessing cubic Pm3n symmetry with very high molar ratios (>50%) of 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane. The synthesis is robust allowing, for example, co-condensation of organic dyes without loss of structure. By means of pore expander molecules, the pore size can be enlarged from 2.7 to 5 nm, while particle size decreases. Adding pore expander and co-condensing fluorescent dyes in the same synthesis reduces average particle size further down to 100 nm. After PEGylation, such fluorescent aminated mesoporous silica nanoparticles are spontaneously taken up by cells as demonstrated by fluorescence microscopy.

  2. Quantum spectra and classical periodic orbit in the cubic billiard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dehua Wang; Yongjiang Yu; Shenglu Lin

    2006-01-01

    Quantum billiards have attracted much interest in many fields. People have made a lot of researches on the two-dimensional (2D) billiard systems. Contrary to the 2D billiard, due to the complication of its classical periodic orbits, no one has studied the correspondence between the quantum spectra and the classical orbits of the three-dimensional (3D) billiards. Taking the cubic billiard as an example, using the periodic orbit theory, we find the periodic orbit of the cubic billiard and study the correspondence between the quantum spectra and the length of the classical orbits in 3D system. The Fourier transformed spectrum of this system has allowed direct comparison between peaks in such plot and the length of the periodic orbits, which verifies the correctness of the periodic orbit theory. This is another example showing that semiclassical method provides a bridge between quantum and classical mechanics.

  3. 3D Medical Image Interpolation Based on Parametric Cubic Convolution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    In the process of display, manipulation and analysis of biomedical image data, they usually need to be converted to data of isotropic discretization through the process of interpolation, while the cubic convolution interpolation is widely used due to its good tradeoff between computational cost and accuracy. In this paper, we present a whole concept for the 3D medical image interpolation based on cubic convolution, and the six methods, with the different sharp control parameter, which are formulated in details. Furthermore, we also give an objective comparison for these methods using data sets with the different slice spacing. Each slice in these data sets is estimated by each interpolation method and compared with the original slice using three measures: mean-squared difference, number of sites of disagreement, and largest difference. According to the experimental results, we present a recommendation for 3D medical images under the different situations in the end.

  4. Quantum Phase Transitions in Anti-ferromagnetic Planar Cubic Lattices

    CERN Document Server

    Wellard, C J; Wellard, Cameron; Orus, Roman

    2004-01-01

    Motivated by its relation to an NP-hard problem we analyze the ground state properties of anti-ferromagnetic Ising-spin networks in planar cubic lattices under the action of homogeneous transverse and longitudinal magnetic fields. We consider different instances of the cubic geometry and find a set of quantum phase transitions for each one of the systems, which we characterize by means of entanglement behavior and majorization theory. Entanglement scaling at the critical region is in agreement with results arising from conformal symmetry, therefore even the simplest planar systems can display very large amounts of quantum correlation. No conclusion can be made as to the scaling behavior of the minimum energy gap, with the data allowing equally good fits to exponential and power law decays. Analysis of entanglement and especially of majorization instead of the energy spectrum proves to be a good way of detecting quantum phase transitions in highly frustrated configurations.

  5. Photonic Crystal Cavities in Cubic Polytype Silicon Carbide Films

    CERN Document Server

    Radulaski, Marina; Buckley, Sonia; Rundquist, Armand; Provine, J; Alassaad, Kassem; Ferro, Gabriel; Vučković, Jelena

    2013-01-01

    We present the design, fabrication, and characterization of high quality factor and small mode volume planar photonic crystal cavities from cubic (3C) thin films (thickness ~ 200 nm) of silicon carbide (SiC) grown epitaxially on a silicon substrate. We demonstrate cavity resonances across the telecommunications band, with wavelengths from 1250 - 1600 nm. Finally, we discuss possible applications in nonlinear optics, optical interconnects, and quantum information science.

  6. INTEGRABILITY AND LINEARIZABILITY FOR A CLASS OF CUBIC KOLMOGOROV SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The integrability and linearizability for a class of cubic Kolmogorov systems are studied. A recursive formula to compute the saddle quantities of the systems is deduced firstly, and integrable conditions for the systems are obtained. Then a recursive formula to compute the coefficients of the normal form for saddle points of the systems is also applied. Finally linearizable conditions of the origin for the systems are given. Both formulas to find necessary conditions are all linear and readily done using c...

  7. Infinite Body Centered Cubic Network of Identical Resistors

    CERN Document Server

    Asad, J H

    2013-01-01

    We express the equivalent resistance between the origin and any other lattice site in an infinite Body Centered Cubic (BCC) network consisting of identical resistors each of resistance R rationally in terms of known values and . The equivalent resistance is then calculated. Finally, for large separation between the origin and the lattice site two asymptotic formulas for the resistance are presented and some numerical results with analysis are given.

  8. Lipidic cubic phase injector facilitates membrane protein serial femtosecond crystallography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weierstall, Uwe; James, Daniel; Wang, Chong; White, Thomas A; Wang, Dingjie; Liu, Wei; Spence, John C H; Bruce Doak, R; Nelson, Garrett; Fromme, Petra; Fromme, Raimund; Grotjohann, Ingo; Kupitz, Christopher; Zatsepin, Nadia A; Liu, Haiguang; Basu, Shibom; Wacker, Daniel; Han, Gye Won; Katritch, Vsevolod; Boutet, Sébastien; Messerschmidt, Marc; Williams, Garth J; Koglin, Jason E; Marvin Seibert, M; Klinker, Markus; Gati, Cornelius; Shoeman, Robert L; Barty, Anton; Chapman, Henry N; Kirian, Richard A; Beyerlein, Kenneth R; Stevens, Raymond C; Li, Dianfan; Shah, Syed T A; Howe, Nicole; Caffrey, Martin; Cherezov, Vadim

    2014-01-01

    Lipidic cubic phase (LCP) crystallization has proven successful for high-resolution structure determination of challenging membrane proteins. Here we present a technique for extruding gel-like LCP with embedded membrane protein microcrystals, providing a continuously renewed source of material for serial femtosecond crystallography. Data collected from sub-10-μm-sized crystals produced with less than 0.5 mg of purified protein yield structural insights regarding cyclopamine binding to the Smoothened receptor.

  9. Multiscale Modeling of Point and Line Defects in Cubic Lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    and discli- nations with finite micropolar elastoplasticity . Int. J. Plasticity. 22:210–256, 2006. 56. Menzel, A., and Steinmann, P., On the contin...Voyiadjis, G. Z., A finite strain plastic- damage model for high velocity impact using combined viscosity and gradient localization limiters: Part I...Theoretical for- mulation. Int. J. Damage Mech. 15:293–334, 2006. 58. Milstein, F., and Chantasiriwan, S,. Theoretical study of the response of 12 cubic

  10. A highly ordered cubic mesoporous silica/graphene nanocomposite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chang-Wook; Roh, Kwang Chul; Kim, Kwang-Bum

    2013-09-01

    A highly ordered cubic mesoporous silica (KIT-6)/graphene nanocomposite and 2D KIT-6 nanoflakes were synthesized using a novel synthesis methodology. The non-ionic triblock copolymer, P123, played a dual role as a structure-directing agent in the formation of the cubic mesoporous structure and as a cross-linking agent between mesoporous silica and graphene. The prepared (KIT-6)/graphene nanocomposite could act as a template for the preparation of mesoporous material/graphene nanocomposites.A highly ordered cubic mesoporous silica (KIT-6)/graphene nanocomposite and 2D KIT-6 nanoflakes were synthesized using a novel synthesis methodology. The non-ionic triblock copolymer, P123, played a dual role as a structure-directing agent in the formation of the cubic mesoporous structure and as a cross-linking agent between mesoporous silica and graphene. The prepared (KIT-6)/graphene nanocomposite could act as a template for the preparation of mesoporous material/graphene nanocomposites. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: S1: TEM images of disordered mesoporous silica/graphene nanocomposite; S2: TEM images of KIT-6/GO nanocomposite; S3: Thermogravimetric analysis of KIT-6/GO and KG-400-700; S4: SEM and TEM images of KIT-6; S5: Low angle XRD, Raman spectra, N2 adsorption isotherms, pore size distribution and photographic images of the prepared samples; S6: TEM image and N2 adsorption isotherms of mesoporous carbon/graphene nanocomposite; S7: XPS C1s spectra of the prepared samples. See DOI: 10.1039/c3nr03108j

  11. The Number of Real Roots of a Cubic Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavinoky, Richard; Thoo, John B.

    2008-01-01

    To find the number of distinct real roots of the cubic equation (1) x[caret]3 + bx[caret]2 + cx + d = 0, we could attempt to solve the equation. Fortunately, it is easy to tell the number of distinct real roots of (1) without having to solve the equation. The key is the discriminant. The discriminant of (1) appears in Cardan's (or Cardano's) cubic…

  12. Quadratic and Cubic Nonlinear Oscillators with Damping and Their Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jibin; Feng, Zhaosheng

    We apply the qualitative theory of dynamical systems to study exact solutions and the dynamics of quadratic and cubic nonlinear oscillators with damping. Under certain parametric conditions, we also consider the van der Waals normal form, Chaffee-Infante equation, compound Burgers-KdV equation and Burgers-KdV equation for explicit representations of kink-profile wave solutions and unbounded traveling wave solutions.

  13. Bicontinuous cubic liquid crystalline nanoparticles for oral delivery of Doxorubicin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Swarnakar, Nitin K; Thanki, Kaushik; Jain, Sanyog

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: The present study explores the potential of bicontinous cubic liquid crystalline nanoparticles (LCNPs) for improving therapeutic potential of doxorubicin. METHODS: Phytantriol based Dox-LCNPs were prepared using hydrotrope method, optimized for various formulation components, process...... variables and lyophilized. Structural elucidation of the reconstituted formulation was performed using HR-TEM and SAXS analysis. The developed formulation was subjected to exhaustive cell culture experiments for delivery potential (Caco-2 cells) and efficacy (MCF-7 cells). Finally, in vivo pharmacokinetics...

  14. Rotary Ultrasonic Machining of Poly-Crystalline Cubic Boron Nitride

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Poly-crystalline cubic boron nitride (PCBN) is one of the hardest material. Generally, so hard materials could not be machined by conventional machining methods. Therefore, for this purpose, advanced machining methods have been designed. Rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM) is included among them. RUM is based on abrasive removing mechanism of ultrasonic vibrating diamond particles, which are bonded on active part of rotating tool. It is suitable especially for machining hard and brittle materia...

  15. Arithmetic Problems in Cubic and Quartic Function Fields

    CERN Document Server

    Bembom, Tobias

    2010-01-01

    One of the main themes in this thesis is the description of the signature of both the infinite place and the finite places in cubic function fields of any characteristic and quartic function fields of characteristic at least 5. For these purposes, we provide a new theory which can be applied to cubic and quartic function fields and to even higher dimensional function fields. One of the striking advantages of this theory to other existing methods is that is does not use the concept of p-adic completions and we can dispense of Cardano's formulae. Another key result comprises the construction of cubic function fields of unit rank 1 and 2, with an obvious fundamental system. One of the main ingredients for such constructions is the definition of the maximum value. This definition is new and very prolific in the context of finding fundamental systems. We conclude the thesis with miscellaneous results on the divisor class number h, including a new approach for finding divisors of h.

  16. Integer roots of quadratic and cubic polynomials with integer coefficients

    CERN Document Server

    Zelator, Konstantine

    2011-01-01

    The subject matter of this work is quadratic and cubic polynomial functions with integer coefficients;and all of whose roots are integers. The material of this work is directed primarily at educators,students,and teachers of mathematics,grades K12 to K20.The results of this work are expressed in Theorems3,4,and5. Of these theorems, Theorem3, is the one that most likely, the general reader of this article will have some familiarity with.In Theorem3, precise coefficient conditions are given;in order that a quadratic trinomial(with integer) have two integer roots or zeros.On the other hand, Theorems4 and5 are largely unfamiliar territory. In Theorem4, precise coefficient conditions are stated; for a monic cubic polynomial to have a double(i.e.of multiplicity 2) integer root, and a single integer root(i.e.of multiplicity 1).The entire family of such cubics can be described in terms of four groups or subfamilies; each such group being a two-integer parameter subfamily. In Theorem5, a one-integer parameter family o...

  17. The traveling salesman problem on cubic and subcubic graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Boyd, Sylvia; van der Ster, Suzanne; Stougie, Leen

    2011-01-01

    We study the Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP) on the metric completion of cubic and subcubic graphs, which is known to be NP-hard. The problem is of interest because of its relation to the famous 4/3 conjecture for metric TSP, which says that the integrality gap, i.e., the worst case ratio between the optimal values of the TSP and its linear programming relaxation (the subtour elimination relaxation), is 4/3. We present the first algorithm for cubic graphs with approximation ratio 4/3. The proof uses polyhedral techniques in a surprising way, which is of independent interest. In fact we prove constructively that for any cubic graph on $n$ vertices a tour of length 4n/3-2 exists, which also implies the 4/3 conjecture, as an upper bound, for this class of graph-TSP. Recently, M\\"omke and Svensson presented a randomized algorithm that gives a 1.461-approximation for graph-TSP on general graphs and as a side result a 4/3-approximation algorithm for this problem on subcubic graphs, also settling the 4/3 conjectur...

  18. Dry Powder Precursors of Cubic Liquid Crystalline Nanoparticles (cubosomes)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spicer, Patrick T.; Small, William B.; Small, William B.; Lynch, Matthew L.; Burns, Janet L.

    2002-08-01

    Cubosomes are dispersed nanostructured particles of cubic phase liquid crystal that have stimulated significant research interest because of their potential for application in controlled-release and drug delivery. Despite the interest, cubosomes can be difficult to fabricate and stabilize with current methods. Most of the current work is limited to liquid phase processes involving high shear dispersion of bulk cubic liquid crystalline material into sub-micron particles, limiting application flexibility. In this work, two types of dry powder cubosome precursors are produced by spray-drying: (1) starch-encapsulated monoolein is produced by spray-drying a dispersion of cubic liquid crystalline particles in an aqueous starch solution and (2) dextran-encapsulated monoolein is produced by spray-drying an emulsion formed by the ethanol-dextran-monoolein-water system. The encapsulants are used to decrease powder cohesion during drying and to act as a soluble colloidal stabilizer upon hydration of the powders. Both powders are shown to form (on average) 0.6 μm colloidally-stable cubosomes upon addition to water. However, the starch powders have a broader particle size distribution than the dextran powders because of the relative ease of spraying emulsions versus dispersions. The developed processes enable the production of nanostructured cubosomes by end-users rather than just specialized researchers and allow tailoring of the surface state of the cubosomes for broader application.

  19. Field-effect transistors based on cubic indium nitride.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oseki, Masaaki; Okubo, Kana; Kobayashi, Atsushi; Ohta, Jitsuo; Fujioka, Hiroshi

    2014-02-04

    Although the demand for high-speed telecommunications has increased in recent years, the performance of transistors fabricated with traditional semiconductors such as silicon, gallium arsenide, and gallium nitride have reached their physical performance limits. Therefore, new materials with high carrier velocities should be sought for the fabrication of next-generation, ultra-high-speed transistors. Indium nitride (InN) has attracted much attention for this purpose because of its high electron drift velocity under a high electric field. Thick InN films have been applied to the fabrication of field-effect transistors (FETs), but the performance of the thick InN transistors was discouraging, with no clear linear-saturation output characteristics and poor on/off current ratios. Here, we report the epitaxial deposition of ultrathin cubic InN on insulating oxide yttria-stabilized zirconia substrates and the first demonstration of ultrathin-InN-based FETs. The devices exhibit high on/off ratios and low off-current densities because of the high quality top and bottom interfaces between the ultrathin cubic InN and oxide insulators. This first demonstration of FETs using a ultrathin cubic indium nitride semiconductor will thus pave the way for the development of next-generation high-speed electronics.

  20. Microstructure and spectroscopy studies on cubic boron nitride synthesized under high-pressure conditions

    CERN Document Server

    Nistor, L C; Dinca, G; Georgeoni, P; Landuyt, J V; Manfredotti, C; Vittone, E

    2002-01-01

    High-resolution electron microscopy (HREM) studies of the microstructure and specific defects in hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) precursors and cubic boron nitride (c-BN) crystals made under high-pressure high-temperature conditions revealed the presence of half-nanotubes at the edges of the h-BN particles. Their sp sup 3 bonding tendency could strongly influence the nucleation rates of c-BN. The atomic resolution at extended dislocations was insufficient to allow us to determine the stacking fault energy in the c-BN crystals. Its mean value of 191 pm, 15 mJ m sup - sup 2 is of the same order of magnitude as that of diamond. High-frequency (94 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance studies on c-BN single crystals have produced new data on the D1 centres associated with the boron species. Ion-beam-induced luminescence measurements have indicated that c-BN is a very interesting luminescent material, which is characterized by four luminescence bands and exhibits a better resistance to ionizing radiation than CVD di...

  1. Effects of stacking fault energy on defect formation process in face-centered cubic metals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okita, Taira; Yang, Yingjuan; Hirabayashi, Junichi; Itakura, Mitsuhiro; Suzuki, Katsuyuki

    2016-05-01

    To elucidate the effect of stacking fault energies (SFEs) on defect formation by the collision cascade process for face-centred cubic metals, we used six sets of interatomic potentials with different SFEs while keeping the other properties almost identical. Molecular dynamic simulations of the collision cascade were carried out using these potentials with primary knock-on atom energies (EPKA) of 10 and 20 keV at 100 K. Neither the number of residual defects nor the size distributions for both self-interstitial atom (SIA) type and vacancy type clusters were affected by the difference in the SFE. In the case of EPKA = 20 keV, the ratio of glissile SIA clusters increased as the SFE decreased, which was not expected by a prediction based on the classical dislocation theory. The trend did not change after annealing at 1100 K for 100 ps. For vacancy clusters, few stacking fault tetrahedrons (SFTs) formed before the annealing. However, lower SFEs tended to increase the SFT fraction after the annealing, where large vacancy clusters formed at considerable densities. The findings of this study can be used to characterise the defect formation process in low SFE metals such as austenitic stainless steels.

  2. Dynamic properties of the cubic nonlinear Schr(o)dinger equation by symplectic method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Xue-Shen; Wei Jia-Yu; Ding Pei-Zhu

    2005-01-01

    The dynamic properties of a cubic nonlinear Schrodinger equation are investigated numerically by using the symplectic method with different space approximations. The behaviours of the cubic nonlinear Schrodinger equation are discussed with different cubic nonlinear parameters in the harmonically modulated initial condition. We show that the conserved quantities will be preserved for long-time computation but the system will exhibit different dynamic behaviours in space difference approximation for the strong cubic nonlinearity.

  3. Powering the Future Data Centre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Zhe

    2010-01-01

    . Considering the input impendence of fuel cell and super-cap, the small-signal stability of cascaded converter is analyzed. The system small-signal model is rebuilt and controllers for current loop and voltage loop are designed to obtain good transient performance. Through analysis and synthesis......The extended run Uninterruptible Power Supply system (UPSs) which powered by fuel cells and supercapcitors, is a promising solution for future data centre to obtain environmentfriendly energy efficient and cost effective. There are many challenges in power electronic interface circuits, because...... of the characteristics of these two power sources: long warm-up stage and low dynamics for fuel cell, and variable terminal voltage for supercapacitors. The motivation for this project was to find ways which can overcome those limitations to integrate fuel cells and supercapcitors to the system with high efficiency...

  4. The European Union Committee of Experts on Rare Diseases: three productive years at the service of the rare disease community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aymé, Ségolène; Rodwell, Charlotte

    2014-02-28

    The European Union Committee of Experts on Rare Diseases was entrusted with aiding the European Commission in a number of tasks, ranging from the monitoring of initiatives, to recommending improvements and actions to be pursued in the future, in addition to helping strengthen liaison at both European and International levels in the field of rare diseases. The three-year mandate of the EUCERD drew to a close in July 2013 with an impressive record. The EUCERD has laid down the foundations for future work so as to continue to advance in the key areas that have been identified as of interest for the rare disease community at large: centres of expertise, European Reference Networks, patient registries and databases, newborn screening, and indicators for national rare disease plans/strategies. The work of the Committee should now be continued by the newly formed European Commission Expert Group on Rare Diseases.

  5. Criteria of Categorizing Logistics and Distribution Centres

    OpenAIRE

    Darko Babić; Anđelko Šćukanec; Kristijan Rogic

    2011-01-01

    Logistics and distribution centres represent very significant infrastructure elements of the macro-logistic system. The creation of the logistics and distribution centres and their connection into a wide (global) network have resulted in the creation of conditions for an adequate distribution of labour and significant increase in the productivity of all the logistics elements and processes, noting that the logistics and distribution centres in this concept have a superregional significance. ...

  6. Smart work centres in rural areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Anne Birte

    This paper discusses the establishment of telework centres as an element in local development strategies in rural areas, with a particular view to two new telework centres in region North Denmark. The paper argues that telework centres do not represent an easy solution to problems of local develo...... development and environmental sustainability, and further, that technology may not even be the most important feature needed to make them function as such....

  7. Activities of Radiation Protection Centre in 2000

    CERN Document Server

    Radiat. Prot. Cent. Vilnius

    2001-01-01

    Description of the activities of Radiation Protection Centre in 2000 is presented. Radiation Protection Centre is responsible for radiation protection issues. Currently there are six departments at Radiation Protection Centre: two in Vilnius - Department of Radiation Protection Supervision and Control and Department of Programs and Expertise, and four in the districts. Brief information on subject controlled by each departments is provided focusing on main achievements and events.

  8. Criteria of Categorizing Logistics and Distribution Centres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darko Babić

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Logistics and distribution centres represent very significant infrastructure elements of the macro-logistic system. The creation of the logistics and distribution centres and their connection into a wide (global network have resulted in the creation of conditions for an adequate distribution of labour and significant increase in the productivity of all the logistics elements and processes, noting that the logistics and distribution centres in this concept have a superregional significance. This paper represents the summary (results of the research that was carried out on a large number of logistics and distribution centres with the aim of considering the complexity and the issues related to the logistics and distribution centres and the distribution network, their elements and action of the subsystems according to the following criteria: spatial, technical, technological, and organizational, with the aim of defining the categorisation model of the logistics and distribution centres. The analysis of the selected data collected during the research has resulted in defining of the categorisation model of the logistics and distribution centres which foresees six categories. Each of the foreseen categories has been defined according to the set model by the mentioned traffic, technical and technological, and organisational characteristics and the level of service. This is precisely where the application of the categorisation model of the logistics and distribution centres can be found, which will define the relevant categories of the centres applicable in the creation of effective distribution

  9. CEMARA an information system for rare diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landais, Paul; Messiaen, Claude; Rath, Ana; Le Mignot, Loïc; Dufour, Eric; Ben Said, Mohamed; Jais, Jean-Philippe; Toubiana, Laurent; Baujat, Geneviève; Bourdon-Lanoy, Eva; Gérard-Blanluet, Marion; Bodemer, Christine; Salomon, Rémi; Aymé, Ségolène; Le Merrer, Martine; Verloes, Alain

    2010-01-01

    Rare diseases cover a group of conditions characterized by a low prevalence, affecting less than 1 in 2,000 people; 5000 to 7000 rare diseases have been currently identified in Europe. Most diseases do not have any curative treatment. They represent thus an important public health concern. CEMARA is based on a n-tier architecture. Its main objective is to collect continuous and complete records of patients with rare diseases, and their follow-up through a web-based Information System, and to analyse the epidemiological patterns. In France, 41 out of 131 labelled Reference Centres (RC) are sharing CEMARA. Presently 56,593 cases have been registered by more than 850 health care professionals belonging to 171 clinical sites. The national demand of care was explored in relation with the offer of care in order to reach an improved match. Within 2 years, CEMARA stimulated sharing a common platform, a common ontology with Orphanet and initiating new cohorts of rare diseases for improving patient care and research.

  10. A rare opportunity beckons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gschneidner, K

    2011-02-01

    There is a great deal of uncertainty for the future of rare-earth production. Rare-earths are a collection of 17 chemical elements in the periodic table, which include scandium and yttrium as well as the 15 lanthanides, such as dysprosium and ytterbium. China has a stranglehold on today's rare-earth market, which was worth about $3bn in 2010, with the country accounting for about 95% of worldwide production. Yet China's future actions can only be guessed at best. In September it halted shipments of rare-earth elements to Japan over a diplomatic spat concerning the detention of a Chinese trawler captain. Although the ban was later lifted, the episode raised concerns around the world about China's rare-earth monopoly and its use in diplomacy. China has already warned that it will not export any rare-earth material in the coming years as it expects its own consumption of rare-earth metals to increase. The country has introduced export taxes as well as production and export quotas, and also refused to grant any new rare-earth mining licences. Furthermore, because its reserves are limited and China's internal markets are growing so rapidly, the country has suggested it will no longer export products that require rare-earth elements, especially those that need heavy rare-earth elements, such as terbium and dysprosium. China's actions have led to huge rises in the cost of rare-earth materials and products. Dysprosium oxide, for example, has shot up from $36 per kilogram in 2005 to a massive $305 per kilogram by late last year. This could have a huge impact on much of today's electronics industry, given that rare-earth elements are ubiquitous in electric motors, computers, batteries, liquid-crystal displays (LCDs) and mobile phones. Neodymium-iron-boron permanent magnets, for example, are used as computer spindle drives. The question is: what can be done to ensure that China's dominance of the rare-earth industry does not affect the

  11. Wide disparity of clinical genetics services and EU rare disease research funding across Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Sally Ann; Borg, Isabella

    2016-04-01

    The origins of clinical genetics services vary throughout Europe with some emerging from paediatric medicine and others from an academic laboratory setting. In 2011, the cross-border patients' rights directive recommended the creation of European Research Networks (ERNs) to improve patient care throughout EU. In 2013, the EU recommendation on the care for rare diseases came into place. The process of designating EU centres of expertise in rare diseases is being implemented to allow centres to enter ERNs. Hence, this is an opportune time to reflect on the current status of genetic services and research funding throughout Europe as 80 % of rare diseases have a genetic origin. Our aims were to determine (a) whether EU countries are prepared in terms of appropriate clinical genetic staffing to fulfil the European Union Committee of Experts on Rare Diseases (EUCERD) criteria that will allow national centres to be designated as centres of expertise, (b) which EU countries are successful in grant submissions to EU rare disease research funding and (c) country of origin of researchers from the EU presenting their research work as a spoken presentation at the European Society of Human Genetics annual conference. Our results show there is wide disparity of staffing levels per head of population in clinical genetics units throughout Europe. EU rare disease research funding is not being distributed equitably and the opportunity to present research is skewed with many countries not achieving spoken presentations despite abstract submissions. Inequity in the care of patients with rare diseases exists in Europe. Many countries will struggle to designate centres of expertise as their staffing mix and levels will not meet the EUCERD criteria which may prevent them from entering ERNs. The establishment of a small number of centres of expertise centrally, which is welcome, should not occur at the expense of an overall improvement in EU rare disease patient care. Caution should be

  12. Vacancy-induced mechanical stabilization of cubic tungsten nitride

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balasubramanian, Karthik; Khare, Sanjay; Gall, Daniel

    2016-11-01

    First-principles methods are employed to determine the structural, mechanical, and thermodynamic reasons for the experimentally reported cubic WN phase. The defect-free rocksalt phase is both mechanically and thermodynamically unstable, with a negative single crystal shear modulus C44=-86 GPa and a positive enthalpy of formation per formula unit Hf=0.623 eV with respect to molecular nitrogen and metallic W. In contrast, WN in the NbO phase is stable, with C44=175 GPa and Hf=-0.839 eV . A charge distribution analysis reveals that the application of shear strain along [100] in rocksalt WN results in an increased overlap of the t2 g orbitals which causes electron migration from the expanded to the shortened W-W bond axes, yielding a negative shear modulus due to an energy reduction associated with new bonding states 8.1-8.7 eV below the Fermi level. A corresponding shear strain in WN in the NbO phase results in an energy increase and a positive shear modulus. The mechanical stability transition from the NaCl to the NbO phase is explored using supercell calculations of the NaCl structure containing Cv=0 %-25 % cation and anion vacancies, while keeping the N-to-W ratio constant at unity. The structure is mechanically unstable for Cvconcentration, the isotropic elastic modulus E of cubic WN is zero, but increases steeply to E =445 GPa for Cv=10 % , and then less steeply to E =561 GPa for Cv=25 % . Correspondingly, the hardness estimated using Tian's model increases from 0 to 15 to 26 GPa as Cv increases from 5% to 10% to 25%, indicating that a relatively small vacancy concentration stabilizes the cubic WN phase and that the large variations in reported mechanical properties of WN can be attributed to relatively small changes in Cv.

  13. Cubic Phases, Cubosomes and Ethosomes for Cutaneous Application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esposito, Elisabetta; Drechsler, Markus; Nastruzzi, Claudio; Cortesi, Rita

    2016-01-01

    Cutaneous administration represents a good strategy to treat skin diseases, avoiding side effects related to systemic administration. Apart from conventional therapy, based on the use of semi-solid formulation such as gel, ointments and creams, recently the use of specialized delivery systems based on lipid has been taken hold. This review provides an overview about the use of cubic phases, cubosomes and ethosomes, as lipid systems recently proposed to treat skin pathologies. In addition in the final part of the review cubic phases, cubosomes and ethosomes are compared to solid lipid nanoparticles and lecithin organogel with respect to their potential as delivery systems for cutaneous application. It has been reported that lipid nanosystems are able to dissolve and deliver active molecules in a controlled fashion, thereby improving their bioavailability and reducing side-effects. Particularly lipid matrixes are characterized by skin affinity and biocompatibility allowing their application on skin. Indeed, after cutaneous administration, the lipid matrix of cubic phases and cubosomes coalesces with the lipids of the stratum comeum and leads to the formation of a lipid depot from which the drug associated to the nanosystem can be released in the deeper skin strata in a controlled manner. Ethosomes are characterized by a malleable structure that promotes their interaction with skin, improving their potential as skin delivery systems with respect to liposomes. Also in the case of solid lipid nanoparticles it has been suggested a deep interaction between lipid matrix and skin strata that endorses sustained and prolonged drug release. Concerning lecithin organogel, the peculiar structure of this system, where lecithin exerts a penetration enhancer role, allows a deep interaction with skin strata, promoting the transdermal absorption of the encapsulated drugs.

  14. Rare Earth Market Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ July 20~31 Rare earth market still went downward, which was mainly led by sluggish demand for didymium products. Weak demand by domestic NdFeB market was attributed to continuous price falling of didymium mischmetal.

  15. Compressibility and thermal expansion of cubic silicon nitride

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jiang, Jianzhong; Lindelov, H.; Gerward, Leif

    2002-01-01

    The compressibility and thermal expansion of the cubic silicon nitride (c-Si3N4) phase have been investigated by performing in situ x-ray powder-diffraction measurements using synchrotron radiation, complemented with computer simulations by means of first-principles calculations. The bulk...... compressibility of the c-Si3N4 phase originates from the average of both Si-N tetrahedral and octahedral compressibilities where the octahedral polyhedra are less compressible than the tetrahedral ones. The origin of the unit cell expansion is revealed to be due to the increase of the octahedral Si-N and N-N bond...

  16. On the {P2, P3}-Factor of Cubic Graphs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GOU Kui-xiang; SUN Liang

    2005-01-01

    Let G = ( V, E) be a finite simple graph and Pn denote the path of order n. A spanning subgraph F is called a {P2, P3}-factor of G if each component of F is isomorphic to P2 or P3. With the path-covering method, it is proved that any connected cubic graph with at least 5 vertices has a { P2, P3 }-factor F such that | P3 (F) |≥|P2 (F) |, where P2 (F) and P3 (F) denote the set of components of P2 and P3 in F,respectively.

  17. Cubic versus spherical magnetic nanoparticles: the role of surface anisotropy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salazar-Alvarez, G; Qin, J; Sepelák, V; Bergmann, I; Vasilakaki, M; Trohidou, K N; Ardisson, J D; Macedo, W A A; Mikhaylova, M; Muhammed, M; Baró, M D; Nogués, J

    2008-10-08

    The magnetic properties of maghemite (gamma-Fe2O3) cubic and spherical nanoparticles of similar sizes have been experimentally and theoretically studied. The blocking temperature, T(B), of the nanoparticles depends on their shape, with the spherical ones exhibiting larger T(B). Other low temperature properties such as saturation magnetization, coercivity, loop shift or spin canting are rather similar. The experimental effective anisotropy and the Monte Carlo simulations indicate that the different random surface anisotropy of the two morphologies combined with the low magnetocrystalline anisotropy of gamma-Fe2O3 is the origin of these effects.

  18. Soliton interaction in quadratic and cubic bulk media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Steffen Kjær; Bang, Ole

    2000-01-01

    Summary form only given. The understanding of how and to what extend the cubic nonlinearity affects beam propagation and spatial soliton formation in quadratic media is of vital importance in fundamental and applied nonlinear physics. We consider beam propagation under type-I SHG conditions...... in lossless bulk second order nonlinear optical materials with a nonvanishing third order nonlinearity. It is known that in pure second order systems a single soliton can never collapse whereas in systems with both nonlinearities and that stable single soliton propagation can only in some circumstances...

  19. Inhomogeneous atomic Bose-Fermi mixtures in cubic lattices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cramer, M; Eisert, J; Illuminati, F

    2004-11-05

    We determine the ground state properties of inhomogeneous mixtures of bosons and fermions in cubic lattices and parabolic confining potentials. For finite hopping we determine the domain boundaries between Mott-insulator plateaux and hopping-dominated regions for lattices of arbitrary dimension within mean-field and perturbation theory. The results are compared with a new numerical method that is based on a Gutzwiller variational approach for the bosons and an exact treatment for the fermions. The findings can be applied as a guideline for future experiments with trapped atomic Bose-Fermi mixtures in optical lattices.

  20. Cubic to tetragonal crystal lattice reconstruction during ordering or decomposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheong, Byung-kl [Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

    1992-09-01

    This thesis studied thermodynamic stability and morphology of product phases in diffusional phase transformations involving cubic-to-tetragonal crystal lattice reconstructions. Two different kinds of diffusional transformations were examined: L1{sub 0} ordering (fcc to fct lattice change) and decomposition of off-stoichiometric B2 ordering alloys accompanying bcc to fcc Bain transformation. In the first case, Fe-45 at.% Pd alloys were studied by TEM; in the second, the Bain strain relaxation during decomposition of hyper-eutectoid Cu-9.04 wt% Be alloy was studied. CuAu and InMg were also studied.

  1. Ionic Conduction in Cubic Zirconias at Low Temperatures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ying LI; Yunfa CHEN; Jianghong GONG

    2004-01-01

    The ac conductivities of Y2O3 or CaO-stabilized cubic zirconias were obtained from complex impedance measurements in the temperature range from 373 to 473 K. By analyzing the temperature-dependence of the resultant dc conductivities, it was shown that the activation energies for conduction are lower than those reported previously for the same materials at high temperatures. Comparing the activation energy data with the theoretically estimated values revealed that there may exist a certain, although very small, amount of free oxygen vacancies in the test samples at low temperatures and the conduction in the test samples is a result of the migration of these free oxygen vacancies.

  2. Exotic Universal Solutions in Cubic Superstring Field Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Erler, Theodore

    2010-01-01

    We present a class of analytic solutions of cubic superstring field theory in the universal sector on a non-BPS D-brane. Computation of the action and gauge invariant overlap reveal that the solutions carry half the tension of a non-BPS D-brane. However, the solutions do not satisfy the reality condition. In fact, they display an intriguing topological structure: We find evidence that conjugation of the solutions is equivalent to a gauge transformation that cannot be continuously deformed to the identity.

  3. Self-trapping transition in nonlinear cubic lattices

    CERN Document Server

    Naether, Uta; Guzmán-Silva, Diego; Molina, Mario I; Vicencio, Rodrigo A

    2013-01-01

    We explore the fundamental question about the critical nonlinearity value needed to dynamically localize energy in discrete nonlinear cubic (Kerr) lattices. We focus on the effective frequency and participation ratio of the profile to determine the transition into localization, performing several numerical simulations in one-, two-, and three-dimensional lattices. A simple criterium is developed - for the case of an initially localized excitation - defining the transition region in parameter space ("dynamical tongue") from a delocalized to a localized profile. A general analytical estimate of the critical nonlinearity value for which this transition occurs is obtained.

  4. Cubature Formula and Interpolation on the Cubic Domain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huiyuan Li; Jiachang Sun; Yuan Xu

    2009-01-01

    Several cubature formulas on the cubic domains are derived using the dis-crete Fourier analysis associated with lattice tiling, as developed in [10]. The main results consist of a new derivation of the Gaussian type cubature for the product Cheby-shev weight functions and associated interpolation polynomials on [-1,1]2, as well as new results on [-1,1]3. In particular, compact formulas for the fundamental interpo-lation polynomials are derived, based on n3/4 + (n2) nodes of a cubature formula on [-1,1]3.

  5. CLOSED SMOOTH SURFACE DEFINED FROM CUBIC TRIANGULAR SPLINES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren-zhong Feng; Ren-hong Wang

    2005-01-01

    In order to construct closed surfaces with continuous unit normal, we introduce a new spline space on an arbitrary closed mesh of three-sided faces. Our approach generalizes an idea of Goodman and is based on the concept of 'Geometric continuity' for piecewise polynomial parametrizations. The functions in the spline space restricted to the faces are cubic triangular polynomials. A basis of the spline space is constructed of positive functions which sum to 1. It is also shown that the space is suitable for interpolating data at the midpoints of the faces.

  6. Research on the Cutting Performance of Cubic Boron Nitride Tools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    There were only two kinds of superhard tool material at the past, i.e. diamond and cubic boron nitride (CBN). Manmade diamond and CBN are manufactured by the middle of 20th century. Various manufacturing methods and manmade superhard materials were developed later. They were widely used in different industry and science areas. Recently, a new kind of superhard tool material, C 3N 4 coating film, had been developed. American physical scientists, A. M. Liu and M. L. Cohen, designed a new kind of inorganic c...

  7. Cubic Plus Association Equation of State for Flow Assurance Projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    dos Santos, Leticia Cotia; Abunahman, Samir Silva; Tavares, Frederico Wanderley

    2015-01-01

    Thermodynamic hydrate inhibitors such as methanol, ethanol, (mono) ethylene glycol (MEG), and triethylene glycol (TEG) are widely used in the oil and gas industry. On modeling these compounds, we show here how the CPA equation of state was implemented in an in-house process simulator as an in......-built model: To validate the implementation, we show calulations for binary systems containing hydrate inhibitors and water or hydrocarbons using the Cubic Plus Association (CPA) and Soave-Redlich-Kwong (SRK) equation of states, also comparing against experimental data. For streams containing natural gas...

  8. Rotary Ultrasonic Machining of Poly-Crystalline Cubic Boron Nitride

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuruc Marcel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Poly-crystalline cubic boron nitride (PCBN is one of the hardest material. Generally, so hard materials could not be machined by conventional machining methods. Therefore, for this purpose, advanced machining methods have been designed. Rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM is included among them. RUM is based on abrasive removing mechanism of ultrasonic vibrating diamond particles, which are bonded on active part of rotating tool. It is suitable especially for machining hard and brittle materials (such as glass and ceramics. This contribution investigates this advanced machining method during machining of PCBN.

  9. Elasticity tensor and ultrasonic velocities for anisotropic cubic polycrystal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The orientation distribution of crystallites in a polycrystal can be described by the orientation distribution function(ODF) . The ODF can be expanded under the Wigner D-bases. The expanded coefficients in the ODF are called the texture coefficients. In this paper,we use the Clebsch-Gordan expression to derive an explicit expression of the elasticity tensor for an anisotropic cubic polycrystal. The elasticity tensor contains three material constants and nine texture coefficients. In order to measure the nine texture coefficients by ultrasonic wave,we give relations between the nine texture coefficients and ultrasonic propagation velocities. We also give a numerical example to check the relations.

  10. Theoretical and Experimental Study of Time Reversal in Cubic Crystals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆铭慧; 张碧星; 汪承灏

    2004-01-01

    The self-adaptive focusing of the time reversal in anisotropic media is studied theoretically and experimentally. It is conducted for the compressional wave field in the cubic crystal silicon. The experimental result is in agreement with our theoretical analysis. The focusing gain and the displacement distributions of the time reversal field are analysed in detail. It is shown that the waves from different elements of the transducer array arrive at the original place of the source simultaneously after the time reversal operation. The waveform distortions caused by the velocity anisotropy can automatically be compensated for after the time reversal processing.

  11. Tensor tomography of stresses in cubic single crystals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitry D. Karov

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The possibility of optical tomography applying to investigation of a two-dimensional and a three-dimensional stressed state in single cubic crystals has been studied. Stresses are determined within the framework of the Maxwell piezo-optic law (linear dependence of the permittivity tensor on stresses and weak optical anisotropy. It is shown that a complete reconstruction of stresses in a sample is impossible both by translucence it in the parallel planes system and by using of the elasticity theory equations. For overcoming these difficulties, it is offered to use a method of magnetophotoelasticity.

  12. Rare causes of osteoporosis

    OpenAIRE

    Marcucci, Gemma; Brandi, Maria Luisa

    2015-01-01

    Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disease characterized by loss of bone mass and strength, resulting in increased risk of fractures. It is classically divided into primary (post-menopausal or senile), secondary and idiopathic forms. There are many rare diseases, that cause directly or indirectly osteoporosis. The identification and classification of most of these rare causes of osteoporosis is crucial for the specialists in endocrinology and not, in order to prevent this bone complication and ...

  13. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy: Single centre experience.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Farrell, N J

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is an attractive alternative to the traditional open approach in the surgical excision of an adrenal gland. It has replaced open adrenalectomy in our institution and we review our experience to date. METHODS: All cases of laparoscopic adrenalectomies in our hospital over eight years (from 2001 to May 2009) were retrospectively reviewed. Patient demographics, diagnosis, length of hospital stay, histology and all operative and post-operative details were evaluated. RESULTS: Fifty-five laparoscopic adrenalectomies (LA) were performed on 51 patients over eight years. The mean age was 48 years (Range 16-86 years) with the male: female ratio 1:2. Twenty-three cases had a right adrenalectomy, 24 had a left adrenalectomy and the remaining four patients had bilateral adrenalectomies. 91% were successfully completed laparoscopically with five converted to an open approach. Adenomas (functional and non functional) were the leading indication for LA, followed by phaeochromocytomas. Other indications for LA included Cushing\\'s disease, adrenal malignancies and rarer pathologies. There was one mortality from necrotising pancreatitis following a left adrenalectomy for severe Cushing\\'s disease, with subsequent death 10 days later. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is effective for the treatment of adrenal tumours, fulfilling the criteria for the ideal minimally invasive procedure. It has replaced the traditional open approach in our centre and is a safe and effective alternative. However, in the case of severe Cushing\\'s disease, laparoscopic adrenalectomy has the potential for significant adverse outcomes and mortality.

  14. Oil Trading Centre to Reopen in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Chinese oil companies will likely resume activities at the oil trading centre in Shanghai this year, a move to further liberalize the once tightly controlled oil market. The centre will trade forward contracts for refined oil products,including gasoline, diesel oil, kerosene and fuel oil, industrial sources said.

  15. The Press Research Centre, 1956-1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Press Research Centre, Krakow (Poland).

    In 1956, the Press Research Centre was established in Cracow, Poland by a group of journalists and publishers, for the purpose of instituting press research that would have practical applications. The aims of the Centre were to conduct studies on the history of the Polish press, the contemporary press, press readership, and editorial techniques.…

  16. The role of the sexual assault centre.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Eogan, Maeve

    2013-02-01

    Sexual Assault Centres provide multidisciplinary care for men and women who have experienced sexual crime. These centres enable provision of medical, forensic, psychological support and follow-up care, even if patients chose not to report the incident to the police service. Sexual Support Centres need to provide a ring-fenced, forensically clean environment. They need to be appropriately staffed and available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to allow prompt provision of medical and supportive care and collection of forensic evidence. Sexual Assault Centres work best within the context of a core agreed model of care, which includes defined multi-agency guidelines and care pathways, close links with forensic science and police services, and designated and sustainable funding arrangements. Additionally, Sexual Assault Centres also participate in patient, staff and community education and risk reduction. Furthermore, they contribute to the development, evaluation and implementation of national strategies on domestic, sexual and gender-based violence.

  17. Novel Cubic Magnetite Nanoparticle Synthesis Using Room Temperature Ionic Liquid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Sundrarajan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Room Temperature Ionic liquids are relatively more useful in the synthesis of inorganic nanostructured materials because of their unique properties. To synthesize the iron oxide nanoparticle in simple precipitation method, a novel ionic liquid was used as the greener medium and stabilizing agent namely “1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethane sulfonate [BMIM][TfO]”. The crystallinity, chemical structure, morphology and magnetic properties of the synthesized magnetite nanoparticles have been characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD, Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM, Atomic force microscopy(AFM, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM and Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM studies. The XRD study is divulge that the synthesized magnetite nanoparticles have inverse spinel face centered cubic structure. The FT-IR vibration peaks show the formation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, where the vibration peak for Fe-O is deliberately presence at 584 cm-1. The average particle size of the synthesized nanoparticles is found to be 35 nm. Homogeneously dispersed cubic shape with superstructure is found through SEM, AFM and TEM examination studies. The synthesized iron oxide nanoparticles have a high saturation magnetization value of 25 emu/g, which is very much useful for biomedical applications.

  18. Four-dimensional black holes in Einsteinian cubic gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bueno, Pablo; Cano, Pablo A.

    2016-12-01

    We construct static and spherically symmetric generalizations of the Schwarzschild- and Reissner-Nordström-(anti-)de Sitter [RN-(A)dS] black-hole solutions in four-dimensional Einsteinian cubic gravity (ECG). The solutions are characterized by a single function which satisfies a nonlinear second-order differential equation. Interestingly, we are able to compute independently the Hawking temperature T , the Wald entropy S and the Abbott-Deser mass M of the solutions analytically as functions of the horizon radius and the ECG coupling constant λ . Using these we show that the first law of black-hole mechanics is exactly satisfied. Some of the solutions have positive specific heat, which makes them thermodynamically stable, even in the uncharged and asymptotically flat case. Further, we claim that, up to cubic order in curvature, ECG is the most general four-dimensional theory of gravity which allows for nontrivial generalizations of Schwarzschild- and RN-(A)dS characterized by a single function which reduce to the usual Einstein gravity solutions when the corresponding higher-order couplings are set to zero.

  19. Observation of Body-Centered Cubic Gold Nanocluster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chao; Li, Tao; Li, Gao; Nobusada, Katsuyuki; Zeng, Chenjie; Pang, Guangsheng; Rosi, Nathaniel L; Jin, Rongchao

    2015-08-17

    The structure of nanoparticles plays a critical role in dictating their material properties. Gold is well known to adopt face-centered cubic (fcc) structure. Herein we report the first observation of a body-centered cubic (bcc) gold nanocluster composed of 38 gold atoms protected by 20 adamantanethiolate ligands and two sulfido atoms ([Au38S2(SR)20], where R=C10H15) as revealed by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. This bcc structure is in striking contrast with the fcc structure of bulk gold and conventional Au nanoparticles, as well as the bi-icosahedral structure of [Au38(SCH2CH2Ph)24]. The bcc nanocluster has a distinct HOMO-LUMO gap of ca. 1.5 eV, much larger than the gap (0.9 eV) of the bi-icosahedral [Au38(SCH2CH2Ph)24]. The unique structure of the bcc gold nanocluster may be promising in catalytic applications.

  20. Partially Blended Constrained Rational Cubic Trigonometric Fractal Interpolation Surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chand, A. K. B.; Tyada, K. R.

    2016-08-01

    Fractal interpolation is an advance technique for visualization of scientific shaped data. In this paper, we present a new family of partially blended rational cubic trigonometric fractal interpolation surfaces (RCTFISs) with a combination of blending functions and univariate rational trigonometric fractal interpolation functions (FIFs) along the grid lines of the interpolation domain. The developed FIFs use rational trigonometric functions pi,j(θ) qi,j(θ), where pi,j(θ) and qi,j(θ) are cubic trigonometric polynomials with four shape parameters. The convergence analysis of partially blended RCTFIS with the original surface data generating function is discussed. We derive sufficient data-dependent conditions on the scaling factors and shape parameters such that the fractal grid line functions lie above the grid lines of a plane Π, and consequently the proposed partially blended RCTFIS lies above the plane Π. Positivity preserving partially blended RCTFIS is a special case of the constrained partially blended RCTFIS. Numerical examples are provided to support the proposed theoretical results.

  1. Nonlinear structure formation in the Cubic Galileon gravity model

    CERN Document Server

    Barreira, Alexandre; Hellwing, Wojciech A; Baugh, Carlton M; Pascoli, Silvia

    2013-01-01

    We model the linear and nonlinear growth of large scale structure in the Cubic Galileon gravity model, by running a suite of N-body cosmological simulations using the {\\tt ECOSMOG} code. Our simulations include the Vainshtein screening effect, which reconciles the Cubic Galileon model with local tests of gravity. In the linear regime, the amplitude of the matter power spectrum increases by $\\sim 25%$ with respect to the standard $\\Lambda$CDM model today. The modified expansion rate accounts for $\\sim 20%$ of this enhancement, while the fifth force is responsible for only $\\sim 5%$. This is because the effective unscreened gravitational strength deviates from standard gravity only at late times, even though it can be twice as large today. In the nonlinear regime ($k \\gtrsim 0.1 h\\rm{Mpc}^{-1}$), the fifth force leads to only a modest increase ($\\lesssim 8%$) in the clustering power on all scales due to the very efficient operation of the Vainshtein mechanism. Such a strong effect is typically not seen in other...

  2. A family of quasi-cubic blended splines and applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SU Ben-yue; TAN Jie-qing

    2006-01-01

    A class of quasi-cubic B-spline base functions by trigonometric polynomials are established which inherit properties similar to those of cubic B-spline bases. The corresponding curves with a shape parameter α, defined by the introduced base functions, include the B-spline curves and can approximate the B-spline curves from both sides. The curves can be adjusted easily by using the shape parameter α, where dpi(α,t) is linear with respect to dα for the fixed t. With the shape parameter chosen properly,the defined curves can be used to precisely represent straight line segments, parabola segments, circular arcs and some transcendental curves, and the corresponding tensor product surfaces can also represent spherical surfaces, cylindrical surfaces and some transcendental surfaces exactly. By abandoning positive property, this paper proposes a new C2 continuous blended interpolation spline based on piecewise trigonometric polynomials associated with a sequence of local parameters. Illustration showed that the curves and surfaces constructed by the blended spline can be adjusted easily and freely. The blended interpolation spline curves can be shape-preserving with proper local parameters since these local parameters can be considered to be the magnification ratio to the length of tangent vectors at the interpolating points. The idea is extended to produce blended spline surfaces.

  3. Big Surveys, Big Data Centres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schade, D.

    2016-06-01

    Well-designed astronomical surveys are powerful and have consistently been keystones of scientific progress. The Byurakan Surveys using a Schmidt telescope with an objective prism produced a list of about 3000 UV-excess Markarian galaxies but these objects have stimulated an enormous amount of further study and appear in over 16,000 publications. The CFHT Legacy Surveys used a wide-field imager to cover thousands of square degrees and those surveys are mentioned in over 1100 publications since 2002. Both ground and space-based astronomy have been increasing their investments in survey work. Survey instrumentation strives toward fair samples and large sky coverage and therefore strives to produce massive datasets. Thus we are faced with the "big data" problem in astronomy. Survey datasets require specialized approaches to data management. Big data places additional challenging requirements for data management. If the term "big data" is defined as data collections that are too large to move then there are profound implications for the infrastructure that supports big data science. The current model of data centres is obsolete. In the era of big data the central problem is how to create architectures that effectively manage the relationship between data collections, networks, processing capabilities, and software, given the science requirements of the projects that need to be executed. A stand alone data silo cannot support big data science. I'll describe the current efforts of the Canadian community to deal with this situation and our successes and failures. I'll talk about how we are planning in the next decade to try to create a workable and adaptable solution to support big data science.

  4. The competitive growth of cubic domains in Ti(1-x)AlxN films studied by diffraction anomalous near-edge structure spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinot, Y; Tuilier, M-H; Pac, M-J; Rousselot, C; Thiaudière, D

    2015-11-01

    Titanium and aluminium nitride films deposited by magnetron sputtering generally grow as columnar domains made of oriented nanocrystallites with cubic or hexagonal symmetry depending on Al content, which are embedded in more disordered grain boundaries. The substitution of Al atoms for Ti in the cubic lattice of the films improves their resistance to wear and oxidation, allowing their use as protective coatings. Ti K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy, which probes both crystallized and more disordered grain boundaries, and X-ray diffraction anomalous fine structure, which is sensitive to short- and long-range order within a given crystallized domain, are carried out on a set of Ti(1-x)AlxN films deposited by magnetron sputtering on Si substrates. Attention is paid to the shape of the pre-edge region, which is sensitive to the symmetry of the site occupied by Ti atoms, either octahedral in face-centred-cubic Ti-rich (TiN, Ti0.54Al0.46N) samples or tetrahedral in hexagonal-close-packed Al-rich (Ti0.32Al0.68N) films. In order to obain information on the titanium environment in the well crystallized areas, subtraction of the smooth part of the energy-dependent structure factor for the Bragg reflections is applied to the pre-edge region of the diffraction anomalous data in order to restore their spectroscopic appearance. A flat pre-edge is related to the typical octahedral environment of Ti atoms for cubic reflections. The difference observed between pre-edge spectra associated with face-centred-cubic 200 and 111 Bragg reflections of Ti0.54Al0.46N is assigned to Ti enrichment of 111 large well ordered domains compared with the more disordered 200 ones. The sharp peak observed in the spectrum recorded from the hexagonal 002 peak of Ti0.32Al0.68N can be regarded as a standard for the pure tetrahedral Ti environment in hexagonal-close-packed nitride.

  5. Holistic design : learning from the Learning Centre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simon, C. [Charles Simon Architect and Planner, Eden Mills, ON, (Canada); McKee, C. [Kitchener-Waterloo YMCA Outdoor Services, ON (Canada)

    2004-08-01

    The energy efficiency of several solar technologies currently in operation at the Kitchener-Waterloo YMCA's Environmental Learning Centre was evaluated. The off-grid earth-sheltered building dug into a south-facing slope features a sod roof, and protection from north winds by coniferous tree plantations. Passive solar strategies are evaluated, including average indoor temperatures and lighting requirements in both summer and winter. Also evaluated were the centre's ventilation systems, windows and passive heat recovery ventilators (HRVs), solar collectors, masonry heaters, and photovoltaic panels. The centre's composting toilets and use of the Living Machine{sup TM} were also discussed and details of the centre's building materials were provided. Ten straw-bale cabins are currently under construction at the centre, using passive solar strategies for heating, ventilation and cooling and combination propane fired/solar hot water heaters, straw bale building envelope and wood frame roof. Further suggestions for the centre's potential uses, and an outline of the centre's ongoing priorities were outlined. 4 refs.

  6. The value of research collaborations and consortia in rare cancers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blay, Jean-Yves; Coindre, Jean-Michel; Ducimetière, Françoise; Ray-Coquard, Isabelle

    2016-02-01

    Rare cancers are defined by an incidence of less than six per 100,000 people per year. They represent roughly 20% of all human cancers and are associated with worse survival than are so-called frequent tumours, because of delays to accurate diagnosis, inadequate treatments, and fewer opportunities to participate in clinical trials (because of a paucity of dedicated trials from both academic and industrial sponsors). In this Series paper, we discuss how these challenges can be addressed by research consortia and suggest the integration of these consortia with reference networks, which gather multidisciplinary expert centres, for management of rare tumours.

  7. A rare splenic pseudocyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Ankit; Yadav, Amit; Sharma, Sourabh; Saini, Devender; Om, Prabha; Khoja, Hanuman; Banerjee, Kinjal; NL, Harish

    2013-01-01

    Pseudocysts of the spleen are very rare, found in <1% of the splenectomies done and usually develop secondary to trauma. Pseudocysts of spleen rarely grow to large size and most of these remain asymptomatic, they require exploration only in symptomatic cases and chances for spleen preservation in these cases are usually less. Here, we present two cases of this rare entity developing secondary to abdominal trauma in the past, both presented with complaints of pain and lump in the abdomen. After thorough investigations, laparotomy was done preserving spleen in one case and doing splenectomy in the other. On histopathological examination, diagnosis of splenic pseudocysts was confirmed by the absence of lining epithelium. We would like to report these two cases because of their rarity and as diagnostic dilemmas. PMID:24963908

  8. Review of CERN Data Centre Infrastructure

    CERN Document Server

    Andrade, P; van Eldik, J; McCance, G; Panzer-Steindel, B; Coelho dos Santos, M; Traylen, S; Schwickerath, U

    2012-01-01

    The CERN Data Centre is reviewing strategies for optimizing the use of the existing infrastructure and expanding to a new data centre by studying how other large sites are being operated. Over the past six months, CERN has been investigating modern and widely-used tools and procedures used for virtualisation, clouds and fabric management in order to reduce operational effort, increase agility and support unattended remote data centres. This paper gives the details on the project’s motivations, current status and areas for future investigation.

  9. Modelling total energy costs of sports centres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boussabaine, A.H.; Kirkham, R.J.; Grew, R.J. [Liverpool Univ., School of Architecture and Building Engineering, Liverpool (United Kingdom)

    1999-12-07

    Providing and maintaining safe and comfortable conditions in sport centres raises many issues, particularly cost. The paper gives an overview of the factors associated with sport centre servicing and attempts to highlight the governing factors associated with this, particularly energy costs. A total of 19 sport centres in the City of Liverpool in the UK are investigated, using data elicited from the Liverpool Leisure Services Directorate. The energy operating costs were analysed using statistical methods. Six models were developed to predict total energy costs. Testing and validation results showed a high level of model accuracy. The models would be of use to professionals involved in feasibility studies at the design stage. (Author)

  10. Potential of Natural Ventilation in Shopping Centres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diederichsen, Alice; Friis, Kristina; Brohus, Henrik;

    2008-01-01

    The indoor environmental quality (IEQ) is a fundamental requirement for a well performing shopping centre. This paper contains a pilot study of the potential of using hybrid ventilation (a combination of automatically controlled natural and mechanical ventilation - respectively NV and MV......) in shopping centres with focus on both the achieved IEQ and energy consumptions for air movement. By thermal building simulations it is found that there exists an interesting potential for hybrid ventilation of shopping centres, which can lead to great savings in the electrical energy consumptions...... for ventilation and cooling without compromising IEQ....

  11. New centre for intelligent mining systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gibson, W.

    2002-10-01

    A Centre for Intelligent Mining Systems has been opened by the University of Alberta's Computing Science Department, a collaborative effort by the University and Syncrude Canada Ltd. The objective of the new Centre is to apply technologies in the area of artificial intelligence and robotics to the problems of surface mining. The Centre has already attracted attention from other players within the industry and a long-term funding proposal by a consortium that includes Syncrude is in the works. Noranda Inc and Inco Inc have also shown interest.

  12. Planetary Radars Operating Centre PROC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catallo, C.; Flamini, E.; Seu, R.; Alberti, G.

    2007-12-01

    Planetary exploration by means of radar systems, mainly using Ground Penetrating Radars (GPR) plays an important role in Italy. Numerous scientific international space programs are currently carried out jointly with ESA and NASA by Italian Space Agency, the scientific community and the industry. Three important experiments under Italian leadership ( designed and manufactured by the Italian industry), provided by ASI either as contribution to ESA programs either within a NASA/ASI joint venture framework, are now operating: MARSIS on-board Mars Express, SHARAD on-board Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and CASSINI Radar on-board Cassini spacecraft. In order to support all the scientific communities, institutional customers and experiment teams operation three Italian dedicated operational centers have been realized, namely SHOC, (Sharad Operating Centre), MOC (Marsis Operating Center) and CASSINI PAD ( Processing Altimetry Data). Each center is dedicated to a single instrument management and control, data processing and distribution. Although they had been conceived to operate autonomously and independently one from each other, synergies and overlaps have been envisaged leading to the suggestion of a unified center, the Planetary Radar Processing Center (PROC). PROC is conceived in order to include the three operational centers, namely SHOC, MOC and CASSINI PAD, either from logistics point of view and from HW/SW capabilities point of view. The Planetary Radar Processing Center shall be conceived as the Italian support facility to the scientific community for on-going and future Italian planetary exploration programs. Therefore, scalability, easy use and management shall be the design drivers. The paper describes how PROC is designed and developed, to allow SHOC, MOC and CASSINI PAD to operate as before, and to offer improved functionalities to increase capabilities, mainly in terms of data exchange, comparison, interpretation and exploitation. Furthermore, in the frame of

  13. Rare (Earth Elements [score

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Méndez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Rare (Earth Elements is a cycle of works for solo piano. The cycle was inspired by James Dillon’s Book of Elements (Vol. I-V. The complete cycle will consist of 14 pieces; one for each selected rare (earth element. The chosen elements are Neodymium, Erbium, Tellurium, Hafnium, Tantalum, Technetium, Indium, Dysprosium, Lanthanium, Cerium, Europium, Terbium, Yttrium and Darmstadtium. These elements were selected due to their special atomic properties that in many cases make them extremely valuable for the development of new technologies, and also because of their scarcity. To date, only 4 works have been completed Yttrium, Technetium, Indium and Tellurium.

  14. Rare decays at LHCb

    CERN Document Server

    Lafferty, George

    2015-01-01

    We review recent results from the LHCb experiment on studies of particle decays that are forbidden or rare in the Standard Model. The studies include searches for lepton flavour violating decays of the $\\tau$ lepton and the $B$ and $D$ mesons, and of $B$ and $D$ meson decays that would be mediated by Majorana neutrinos. Results are also presented for the rare processes $B_s \\to \\mu^+\\mu^-$ and $B^0 \\to \\mu^+\\mu^-$, $D^0 \\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\mu^+\\mu^-$, $b \\to s\\gamma$ transitions, and $B \\to K^{(*)}\\mu^+\\mu^-$.

  15. Evidence for the rare decay $\\Sigma^+ \\to p \\mu^+ \\mu^-$

    CERN Document Server

    The LHCb Collaboration

    2016-01-01

    A search for the rare decay $\\Sigma^+ \\to p \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ is performed using $pp$ collision data recorded by the LHCb experiment at centre-of-mass energies $\\sqrt{s} = 7$ and $8 TeV$, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $3 ~ \\text {fb}^{-1}$. An excess of events is observed with respect to the background expectations with a signal significance of 4.0 standard deviations. No significant structure is observed in the dimuon invariant mass distribution.

  16. Towards Human-Centred Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bannon, Liam J.

    The field of HCI has evolved and expanded dramatically since its origin in the early 1980’s. The HCI community embraces a large community of researchers and practitioners around the world, from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds in the human and social sciences, engineering and informatics, and more recently, the arts and design disciplines. This kaleidoscope of cultures and disciplines as seen at INTERACT Conferences provides a rich pool of resources for examining our field. Applications are increasingly exploring our full range of sensory modalities, and merging the digital and physical worlds. WiFi has opened up a huge design space for mobile applications. A focus on usability of products and services has been complemented by an emphasis on engagement, enjoyment and experience. With the advent of ubiquitous computing, and the emergence of “The Internet of Things”, new kinds of more open infrastructures make possible radically new kinds of applications. The sources of innovation have also broadened, to include human and social actors outside of the computing and design organizations. The question is to what extent is our mainstream thinking in the HCI field ready for the challenges of this Brave New World? Do the technological and social innovations that we see emerging require us to re-shape, or even, re-create, our field, or is it a case of a more gradual evolution and development of that which we already know? In this closing Keynote, I will provide a perspective on the evolution and development of the HCI field, looking backwards as well as forwards, in order to determine what are some of the changes of significance in the field. This “broad-brush” approach to what I term “ human-centred design” will be complemented by the examination of specific projects and applications, to help anchor some of the discussion. Areas such as user-centred design, participatory design, computer-supported cooperative work and learning, and interaction design, in

  17. Non-spherical micelles in an oil-in-water cubic phase

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leaver, M.; Rajagopalan, V.; Ulf, O.

    2000-01-01

    The cubic phase formed between the microemulsion and hexagonal phases of the ternary pentaethylene glycol dodecyl ether (C12E5)-decane-water system and that doped with small amounts of sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) have been investigated. The presence of discrete oil-swollen micelles in the cubic...... phase, both with and without SDS, was established by NMR self-diffusion. In addition H-2 NMR relaxation experiments have demonstrated that the micelles in the cubic phase are non-spherical, having grown and changed shape upon formation of the cubic phase from the micellar solution. Small angle...... scattering experiments indicate that the lattice parameter for the cubic phase is inconsistent with a simple packing of micelles. Whilst insufficient reflections were observed to establish the space group of the cubic phase uniquely, those that were are consistent with two commonly observed space groups...

  18. Quantum-Carnot engine for particle confined to cubic potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sutantyo, Trengginas Eka P., E-mail: trengginas.eka@gmail.com; Belfaqih, Idrus H., E-mail: idrushusin21@gmail.com; Prayitno, T. B., E-mail: teguh-budi@unj.ac.id [Department of Physics, State University of Jakarta, Jl. Pemuda No.10, Rawamangun, Jakarta Timur 13220 (Indonesia)

    2015-09-30

    Carnot cycle consists of isothermal and adiabatic processes which are reversible. Using analogy in quantum mechanics, these processes can be well explained by replacing variables in classical process with a quantum system. Quantum system which is shown in this paper is a particle that moves under the influence of a cubic potential which is restricted only to the state of the two energy levels. At the end, the efficiency of the system is shown as a function of the width ratio between the initial conditions and the farthest wall while expanding. Furthermore, the system efficiency will be considered 1D and 2D cases. The providing efficiencies are different due to the influence of the degeneration of energy and the degrees of freedom of the system.

  19. PT-Symmetric Cubic Anharmonic Oscillator as a Physical Model

    CERN Document Server

    Mostafazadeh, A

    2004-01-01

    We perform a perturbative calculation of the physical observables, in particular pseudo-Hermitian position and momentum operators, the equivalent Hermitian Hamiltonian operator, and the classical Hamiltonian for the PT-symmetric cubic anharmonic oscillator, $ H=p^1/(2m)+\\mu^2x^2/2+i\\epsilon x^3 $. Ignoring terms of order $ \\epsilon^4 $ and higher, we show that this system describes an ordinary quartic anharmonic oscillator with a position-dependent mass and real and positive coupling constants. This observation elucidates the classical origin of the reality and positivity of the energy spectrum. We also discuss the quantum-classical correspondence for this PT-symmetric system, compute the associated conserved probability density, and comment on the issue of factor-ordering in the pseudo-Hermitian canonical quantization of the underlying classical system.

  20. Inverse cubic law of index fluctuation distribution in Indian markets

    CERN Document Server

    Pan, R K; Pan, Raj Kumar; Sinha, Sitabhra

    2006-01-01

    One of the principal statistical features characterizing the activity in financial markets is the distribution of fluctuations in market indicators such as the index. While the developed stock markets such as the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) have been found to show heavy-tailed fluctuation distribution, there have been claims that emerging markets behave differently. Here we investigate the distribution of several indices from the Indian financial market, one of the largest emerging markets in the world. We have used both tick-by-tick data from the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and daily closing data from both NSE and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). We find that the cumulative distribution of index fluctuations has long tails consistent with a power law having exponent $\\alpha \\approx 3$, independent of the time-scale of observation or the market index used for the analysis. This ``inverse cubic law'' is quantitatively similar to what has been observed in developed markets, thereby providing strong evidence th...

  1. Spatial 't Hooft loop to cubic order in hot QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Giovannangeli, P

    2002-01-01

    Spatial 't Hooft loops of strength k measure the qualitative change in the behaviour of electric colour flux in confined and deconfined phase of SU (N) gauge theory. They show an area law in the deconfined phase, known analytica lly to two loop order with a ``k-scaling'' law k(N-k). In this paper we comput e the O(g^3) correction to the tension. It is due to neutral gluon fields that get their mass through interaction with the wall. The simple k-scaling is lost in cubic order. The generic problem of non-convexity shows up in this order an d the cure is provided. The result for large N is explicitely given. We show tha t nonperturbative effects appear at O(g^5).

  2. Cubic Derivative Interactions and Asymptotic Dynamics of the Galileon Vacuum

    CERN Document Server

    De Arcia, Roberto; León, Genly; Nucamendi, Ulises; Quiros, Israel

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we apply the tools of the dynamical systems theory in order to uncover the whole asymptotic structure of the vacuum interactions of a galileon model with a cubic derivative interaction term. It is shown that, contrary to what occurs in the presence of background matter, the galileon interactions of vacuum appreciably modify the late-time cosmic dynamics. In particular, a local late-time attractor representing phantom behavior arises which is inevitably associated with a big rip singularity. It seems that the gravitational interactions of the background matter with the galileon screen the effects of the gravitational self-interactions of the galileon, thus erasing any potential modification of the late-time dynamics by the galileon vacuum processes. Unlike other galileon models inspired in the DGP scenario, self-accelerating solutions do not arise in this model.

  3. Plasmon polaritons in cubic lattices of spherical metallic nanoparticles

    CERN Document Server

    Lamowski, Simon; Mariani, Eros; Weick, Guillaume; Pauly, Fabian

    2016-01-01

    We investigate theoretically plasmon polaritons in cubic lattices of interacting spherical metallic nanoparticles. Dipolar localized surface plasmons on each nanoparticle couple through the near field dipole-dipole interaction and form collective plasmons which extend over the whole metamaterial. Coupling these collective plasmons in turn to photons leads to plasmon polaritons. We derive within a quantum model general semi-analytical expressions to evaluate both plasmon and plasmon-polariton dispersions that fully account for nonlocal effects in the dielectric function of the metamaterial. Within this model, we discuss the influence of different lattice symmetries and predict related polaritonic gaps within the near-infrared to the visible range of the spectrum that depend on wavevector direction and polarization.

  4. A cubic autocatalytic reaction in a continuous stirred tank reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yakubu, Aisha Aliyu; Yatim, Yazariah Mohd [School of Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang Malaysia (Malaysia)

    2015-10-22

    In the present study, the dynamics of the cubic autocatalytic reaction model in a continuous stirred tank reactor with linear autocatalyst decay is studied. This model describes the behavior of two chemicals (reactant and autocatalyst) flowing into the tank reactor. The behavior of the model is studied analytically and numerically. The steady state solutions are obtained for two cases, i.e. with the presence of an autocatalyst and its absence in the inflow. In the case with an autocatalyst, the model has a stable steady state. While in the case without an autocatalyst, the model exhibits three steady states, where one of the steady state is stable, the second is a saddle point while the last is spiral node. The last steady state losses stability through Hopf bifurcation and the location is determined. The physical interpretations of the results are also presented.

  5. Structure and energetics of nanotwins in cubic boron nitrides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Shijian; Zhang, Ruifeng; Huang, Rong; Taniguchi, Takashi; Ma, Xiuliang; Ikuhara, Yuichi; Beyerlein, Irene J.

    2016-08-01

    Recently, nanotwinned cubic boron nitrides (NT c-BN) have demonstrated extraordinary leaps in hardness. However, an understanding of the underlying mechanisms that enable nanotwins to give orders of magnitude increases in material hardness is still lacking. Here, using transmission electron microscopy, we report that the defect density of twin boundaries depends on nanotwin thickness, becoming defect-free, and hence more stable, as it decreases below 5 nm. Using ab initio density functional theory calculations, we reveal that the Shockley partials, which may dominate plastic deformation in c-BNs, show a high energetic barrier. We also report that the c-BN twin boundary has an asymmetrically charged electronic structure that would resist migration of the twin boundary under stress. These results provide important insight into possible nanotwin hardening mechanisms in c-BN, as well as how to design these nanostructured materials to reach their full potential in hardness and strength.

  6. Lipidic cubic phase serial millisecond crystallography using synchrotron radiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Przemyslaw Nogly

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Lipidic cubic phases (LCPs have emerged as successful matrixes for the crystallization of membrane proteins. Moreover, the viscous LCP also provides a highly effective delivery medium for serial femtosecond crystallography (SFX at X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs. Here, the adaptation of this technology to perform serial millisecond crystallography (SMX at more widely available synchrotron microfocus beamlines is described. Compared with conventional microcrystallography, LCP-SMX eliminates the need for difficult handling of individual crystals and allows for data collection at room temperature. The technology is demonstrated by solving a structure of the light-driven proton-pump bacteriorhodopsin (bR at a resolution of 2.4 Å. The room-temperature structure of bR is very similar to previous cryogenic structures but shows small yet distinct differences in the retinal ligand and proton-transfer pathway.

  7. Cubic Spline Interpolation Reveals Different Evolutionary Trends of Various Species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zhiqiang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Instead of being uniform in each branch of the biological evolutionary tree, the speed of evolution, measured in the number of mutations over a fixed number of years, seems to be much faster or much slower than average in some branches of the evolutionary tree. This paper describes an evolutionary trend discovery algorithm that uses cubic spline interpolation for various branches of the evolutionary tree. As shown in an example, within the vertebrate evolutionary tree, human evolution seems to be currently speeding up while the evolution of chickens is slowing down. The new algorithm can automatically identify those branches and times when something unusual has taken place, aiding data analytics of evolutionary data.

  8. Palladium in cubic silicon carbide: Stability and kinetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roma, Guido

    2009-12-01

    Several technological applications of silicon carbide are concerned with the introduction of palladium impurities. Be it intentional or not, this may lead to the formation of silicides. Not only this process is not well understood, but the basic properties of palladium impurities in silicon carbide, such as solubility or diffusion mechanisms, are far from being known. Here the stability and kinetics of isolated Pd impurities in cubic silicon carbide are studied by first principles calculations in the framework of density functional theory. The preferential insertion sites, as well as the main migration mechanisms, are analyzed and presented here, together with the results for solution and migration energies. The early stages of nucleation are discussed based on the properties of isolated impurities and the smallest clusters.

  9. Quantum-Carnot engine for particle confined to cubic potential

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutantyo, Trengginas Eka P.; Belfaqih, Idrus H.; Prayitno, T. B.

    2015-09-01

    Carnot cycle consists of isothermal and adiabatic processes which are reversible. Using analogy in quantum mechanics, these processes can be well explained by replacing variables in classical process with a quantum system. Quantum system which is shown in this paper is a particle that moves under the influence of a cubic potential which is restricted only to the state of the two energy levels. At the end, the efficiency of the system is shown as a function of the width ratio between the initial conditions and the farthest wall while expanding. Furthermore, the system efficiency will be considered 1D and 2D cases. The providing efficiencies are different due to the influence of the degeneration of energy and the degrees of freedom of the system.

  10. Room temperature quantum emission from cubic silicon carbide nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castelletto, Stefania; Johnson, Brett C; Zachreson, Cameron; Beke, David; Balogh, István; Ohshima, Takeshi; Aharonovich, Igor; Gali, Adam

    2014-08-26

    The photoluminescence (PL) arising from silicon carbide nanoparticles has so far been associated with the quantum confinement effect or to radiative transitions between electronically active surface states. In this work we show that cubic phase silicon carbide nanoparticles with diameters in the range 45-500 nm can host other point defects responsible for photoinduced intrabandgap PL. We demonstrate that these nanoparticles exhibit single photon emission at room temperature with record saturation count rates of 7 × 10(6) counts/s. The realization of nonclassical emission from SiC nanoparticles extends their potential use from fluorescence biomarker beads to optically active quantum elements for next generation quantum sensing and nanophotonics. The single photon emission is related to single isolated SiC defects that give rise to states within the bandgap.

  11. Submicron cubic boron nitride as hard as diamond

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Guoduan; Kou, Zili, E-mail: kouzili@scu.edu.cn, E-mail: yanxz@hpstar.ac.cn; Lei, Li; Peng, Fang; Wang, Qiming; Wang, Kaixue; Wang, Pei; Li, Liang; Li, Yong; Wang, Yonghua [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065 (China); Yan, Xiaozhi, E-mail: kouzili@scu.edu.cn, E-mail: yanxz@hpstar.ac.cn; Li, Wentao [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065 (China); Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), Shanghai 201203 (China); Bi, Yan [Institute of Fluid Physics and National Key Laboratory of Shockwave and Detonation Physic, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Leng, Yang [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China); He, Duanwei [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065 (China); Institute of Fluid Physics and National Key Laboratory of Shockwave and Detonation Physic, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)

    2015-03-23

    Here, we report the sintering of aggregated submicron cubic boron nitride (sm-cBN) at a pressure of 8 GPa. The sintered cBN compacts exhibit hardness values comparable to that of single crystal diamond, fracture toughness about 5-fold that of cBN single crystal, in combination with a high oxidization temperature. Thus, another way has been demonstrated to improve the mechanical properties of cBN besides reducing the grain size to nano scale. In contrast to other ultrahard compacts with similar hardness, the sm-cBN aggregates are better placed for potential industrial application, as their relative low pressure manufacturing perhaps be easier and cheaper.

  12. Enhanced initial protein adsorption on an engineered nanostructured cubic zirconia

    CERN Document Server

    Sabirianov, R F; Namavar, F

    2010-01-01

    Motivated by experimentally observed biocompatibility enhancement of nanoengineered cubic zirconia ZrO2 coatings to mesenchymal stromal cells, we have carried out computational analysis of the initial immobilization of one of known structural fragment of the adhesive protein (fibronectin) on the corresponding surface. We constructed an atomistic model of the zirconia nano-hillock of 3-fold symmetry based on AFM and TEM images. First-principle quantum-mechanical calculations show a substantial variation of electrostatic potential at the hillock due to the presence of surface features such as edges and vertexes. Using an implemented Monte Carlo simulated annealing method we found the orientation of the immobilized protein on the zirconia surface (both flat and nanostructured) and contribution of the each amino acid residue from the protein sequence to the adsorption energy. Accounting for the variation of the dielectric permittivity at the protein-implant interface we use a model distance-dependent dielectric f...

  13. Linear and cubic dynamic susceptibilities in quantum spin glass

    CERN Document Server

    Busiello, G; Sushkova, V G

    2001-01-01

    The low temperature behaviour of the dynamic nonlinear (cubic) susceptibility chi sub 3 sup ' (omega, T) in quantum d-dimensional Ising spin glass with short-range interactions between spins is investigated in terms of the quantum droplet model and the quantum-mechanical nonlinear response theory is employed. We have revealed a glassy like behaviour of droplet dynamics. The frequency dependence of chi sub 3 sup ' (omega, T) is very remarkable, the temperature dependence is found at very low temperatures (quantum regime). The nonlinear response depends on the tunneling rate for a droplet which regulates the strength of quantum fluctuations. This response has a strong dependence on the distribution of droplet free energies and on the droplet length scale average. Implications for experiments in quantum spin glasses like disordered dipolar quantum Ising magnet LiHo sub x Y sub 1 sub - sub x F sub 4 and pseudospin are noted.

  14. Gauge Fixing of Modified Cubic Open Superstring Field Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Kohriki, Maiko; Kunitomo, Hiroshi

    2011-01-01

    The gauge-fixing problem of modified cubic open superstring field theory is discussed in detail both for the Ramond and Neveu-Schwarz sectors in the Batalin-Vilkovisky (BV) framework. We prove for the first time that the same form of action as the classical gauge-invariant one with the ghost-number constraint on the string field relaxed gives the master action satisfying the BV master equation. This is achieved by identifying independent component fields based on the analysis of the kernel structure of the inverse picture changing operator. The explicit gauge-fixing conditions for the component fields are discussed. In a kind of $b_0=0$ gauge, we explicitly obtain the NS propagator which has poles at the zeros of the Virasoro operator $L_0$.

  15. THERMODYNAMIC PARAMETERS OF LEAD SULFIDE CRYSTALS IN THE CUBIC PHASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. O. Parashchuk

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Geometric and thermodynamic parameters of cubic PbS crystals were obtained using the computer calculations of the thermodynamic parameters within density functional theory method DFT. Cluster models for the calculation based on the analysis of the crystal and electronic structure. Temperature dependence of energy ΔE and enthalpy ΔH, Gibbs free energy ΔG, heat capacity at constant pressure CP and constant volume CV, entropy ΔS were determined on the basis of ab initio calculations of the crystal structure of molecular clusters. Analytical expressions of temperature dependences of thermodynamic parameters which were approximated with quantum-chemical calculation points have been presented. Experimental results compared with theoretically calculated data.

  16. Perbaikan Metode Penghitungan Debit Sungai Menggunakan Cubic Spline Interpolation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi I. Setiawan

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Makalah ini menyajikan perbaikan metode pengukuran debit sungai menggunakan fungsi cubic spline interpolation. Fungi ini digunakan untuk menggambarkan profil sungai secara kontinyu yang terbentuk atas hasil pengukuran jarak dan kedalaman sungai. Dengan metoda baru ini, luas dan perimeter sungai lebih mudah, cepat dan tepat dihitung. Demikian pula, fungsi kebalikannnya (inverse function tersedia menggunakan metode. Newton-Raphson sehingga memudahkan dalam perhitungan luas dan perimeter bila tinggi air sungai diketahui. Metode baru ini dapat langsung menghitung debit sungaimenggunakan formula Manning, dan menghasilkan kurva debit (rating curve. Dalam makalah ini dikemukaan satu canton pengukuran debit sungai Rudeng Aceh. Sungai ini mempunyai lebar sekitar 120 m dan kedalaman 7 m, dan pada saat pengukuran mempunyai debit 41 .3 m3/s, serta kurva debitnya mengikuti formula: Q= 0.1649 x H 2.884 , dimana Q debit (m3/s dan H tinggi air dari dasar sungai (m.

  17. Four-dimensional black holes in Einsteinian cubic gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Bueno, Pablo

    2016-01-01

    We construct static and spherically symmetric generalizations of the Schwarzschild- and Reissner-Nordstr\\"om-(Anti) de Sitter (RN-(A)dS) black-hole solutions in four-dimensional Einsteinian cubic gravity (ECG). The solutions are determined by a single blackening factor which satisfies a non-linear second-order differential equation. Interestingly, we are able to compute independently the Hawking temperature $T$, the Wald entropy $\\mathsf{S}$ and the Abbott-Deser mass $M$ of the solutions analytically as functions of the horizon radius and the ECG coupling constant $\\lambda$. Using these we show that the first law of black-hole mechanics is exactly satisfied. Some of the solutions have positive specific heat, which makes them thermodynamically stable, even in the uncharged and asymptotically flat case.

  18. Adaptive Predistortion Using Cubic Spline Nonlinearity Based Hammerstein Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xiaofang; Shi, Jianghong

    In this paper, a new Hammerstein predistorter modeling for power amplifier (PA) linearization is proposed. The key feature of the model is that the cubic splines, instead of conventional high-order polynomials, are utilized as the static nonlinearities due to the fact that the splines are able to represent hard nonlinearities accurately and circumvent the numerical instability problem simultaneously. Furthermore, according to the amplifier's AM/AM and AM/PM characteristics, real-valued cubic spline functions are utilized to compensate the nonlinear distortion of the amplifier and the following finite impulse response (FIR) filters are utilized to eliminate the memory effects of the amplifier. In addition, the identification algorithm of the Hammerstein predistorter is discussed. The predistorter is implemented on the indirect learning architecture, and the separable nonlinear least squares (SNLS) Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm is adopted for the sake that the separation method reduces the dimension of the nonlinear search space and thus greatly simplifies the identification procedure. However, the convergence performance of the iterative SNLS algorithm is sensitive to the initial estimation. Therefore an effective normalization strategy is presented to solve this problem. Simulation experiments were carried out on a single-carrier WCDMA signal. Results show that compared to the conventional polynomial predistorters, the proposed Hammerstein predistorter has a higher linearization performance when the PA is near saturation and has a comparable linearization performance when the PA is mildly nonlinear. Furthermore, the proposed predistorter is numerically more stable in all input back-off cases. The results also demonstrate the validity of the convergence scheme.

  19. Occupational deprivation in an asylum centre:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morville, Anne-Le; Erlandsson, Lena-Karin

    2013-01-01

    explored the participants’ occupational history and its influence on their occupations in the asylum centre. A thematic analysis showed that the participants had been subjected to occupational disruption and deprivation by politically oppressive systems even before their flight. Their occupations...

  20. Symmetric centres of braided monoidal categories

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    This paper introduces the concept of‘symmetric centres' of braided monoidal categories. Let H be a Hopf algebra with bijective antipode over a field k. We address the symmetric centre of the Yetter-Drinfel'd module category HH(yD) and show that a left Yetter-Drinfel'd module M belongs to the symmetric centre of HH(yD) if and only if M is trivial. We also study the symmetric centres of categories of representations of quasitriangular Hopf algebras and give a sufficient and necessary condition for the braid of H(M) to induce the braid of (H(H)(A),(○)A,A,φ,l,r), or equivalently, the braid of (A#H(H),(○)A,A,φ,l,r), where A is a quantum commutative H-module algebra.

  1. Identity Theft: A Study in Contact Centres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moir, Iain; Weir, George R. S.

    This paper explores the recent phenomenon of identity theft. In particular, it examines the contact centre environment as a mechanism for this to occur. Through a survey that was conducted amongst forty-five contact centre workers in the Glasgow area we determined that contact centres can and do provide a mechanism for identity theft. Specifically, we found a particularly high incidence of agents who had previously dealt with phone calls that they considered suspicious. Furthermore, there are agents within such environments who have previously been offered money in exchange for customers' details, or who know of fellow workers who received such offers. Lastly, we identify specific practices within contact centres that may contribute to the likelihood of identity theft.

  2. Afganistan and rare earths

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilian M. Dobrescu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available On our planet, over a quarter of new technologies for the economic production of industrial goods, are using rare earths, which are also called critical minerals and industries that rely on these precious items being worth of an estimated nearly five trillion dollars, or 5 percent of world gross domestic product. In the near future, competition will increase for the control of rare earth minerals embedded in high-tech products. Rare minerals are in the twenty-first century what oil accounted for in the twentieth century and coal in the nineteenth century: the engine of a new industrial revolution. Future energy will be produced increasingly by more sophisticated technological equipment based not just on steel and concrete, but incorporating significant quantities of metals and rare earths. Widespread application of these technologies will result in an exponential increase in demand for such minerals, and what is worrying is that minerals of this type are almost nowhere to be found in Europe and in other industrialized countries in the world, such as U.S. and Japan, but only in some Asian countries, like China and Afghanistan.

  3. Rare Earth Market Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Rare earth market continued drop tendency.There was not much transaction of didymium oxide and the alloy. Affected by reduced order of NdFeB magnetic materials and inactive dealings of didymium mischmetal,price of didymium mischmetal had dropped from RMB ¥95,000~98,000/ton to RMBY 93,000~95,000/ton currently.

  4. Magnetic rare earth superlattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Majkrzak, C.F.; Kwo, J.; Hong, M.;

    1991-01-01

    Advances in molecular beam epitaxy deposition techniques have recently made it possible to grow, an atomic plane at a time, single crystalline superlattices composed of alternating layers of a magnetic rare earth, such as Gd, Dy, Ho, or Er, and metallic Y, which has an identical chemical structure...

  5. Social innovation for People-Centred Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hulgård, Lars; P.K., Shajahan

    2013-01-01

    Social innovation is closely related to the people-centred development (PCD) framework of knowledge production. The discussion of PCD in this chapter particularly expands on the feature of empowerment and socio-political mobilization of people in social innovation......Social innovation is closely related to the people-centred development (PCD) framework of knowledge production. The discussion of PCD in this chapter particularly expands on the feature of empowerment and socio-political mobilization of people in social innovation...

  6. Single centre experience of the upper limb replantation and revascularisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Visnjic, Milan M; Kovacevic, Predrag T; Paunkovic, Ljiljana M; Milenkovic, Sasa S

    2004-01-01

    Replantation is defined as reattachment of the amputated limb using the neurovascular and musculoskeletal structures in order to obtain the recovery of the limb. Fortunately, injuries causing limb amputation are rare. Adequate treatment within the optimal time scale can provide successful rehabilitation of the shape and function of the replanted part. We report the experience of our Clinical Centre (regional replantation centre) in the replantation of five forearms/hands and revascularisation of six hands between 1997 and 2001. The most frequent site of injury was the distal part of the forearm, while the major cause of injuries was a wood processing machine. The surgical procedures were performed under general anaesthesia within 2-6 hours after injury. Vascular anastomoses, nerve repair and muscle repair were performed following the external bone fixation. All patients were given anticoagulation treatment postoperatively. Thrombosis in the anastomotic site developed as an early complication in two patients who underwent thrombectomy; one of these patients developed gangrene and underwent amputation. Late postoperative results were good in 10 patients. One patient developed acral epidermolysis. Postoperative results after revascularisation were good in all patients.

  7. The Imperial College Thermophysical Properties Data Centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angus, S.; Cole, W. A.; Craven, R.; de Reuck, K. M.; Trengove, R. D.; Wakeham, W. A.

    1986-07-01

    The IUPAC Thermodynamic Tables Project Centre in London has at its disposal considerable expertise on the production and utilization of high-accuracy equations of state which represent the thermodynamic properties of substances. For some years they have been content to propagate this information by the traditional method of book production, but the increasing use of the computer in industry for process design has shown that an additional method was needed. The setting up of the IUPAC Transport Properties Project Centre, also at Imperial College, whose products would also be in demand by industry, afforded the occasion for a new look at the problem. The solution has been to set up the Imperial College Thermophysical Properties Data Centre, which embraces the two IUPAC Project Centres, and for it to establish a link with the existing Physical Properties Data Service of the Institution of Chemical Engineers, thus providing for the dissemination of the available information without involving the Centres in problems such as those of marketing and advertising. This paper outlines the activities of the Centres and discusses the problems in bringing their products to the attention of industry in suitable form.

  8. Perspectives on recycling centres and future developments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engkvist, I-L; Eklund, J; Krook, J; Björkman, M; Sundin, E

    2016-11-01

    The overall aim of this paper is to draw combined, all-embracing conclusions based on a long-term multidisciplinary research programme on recycling centres in Sweden, focussing on working conditions, environment and system performance. A second aim is to give recommendations for their development of new and existing recycling centres and to discuss implications for the future design and organisation. Several opportunities for improvement of recycling centres were identified, such as design, layout, ease with which users could sort their waste, the work environment, conflicting needs and goals within the industry, and industrialisation. Combining all results from the research, which consisted of different disciplinary aspects, made it possible to analyse and elucidate their interrelations. Waste sorting quality was recognized as the most prominent improvement field in the recycling centre system. The research identified the importance of involving stakeholders with different perspectives when planning a recycling centre in order to get functionality and high performance. Practical proposals of how to plan and build recycling centres are given in a detailed checklist.

  9. Cubic liquid crystalline nanoparticles: optimization and evaluation for ocular delivery of tropicamide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Purnima; Ahuja, Munish

    2016-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of cubic liquid crystalline nanoparticles for ocular delivery of tropicamide. Ultrasound-assisted fragmentation of cubic liquid crystalline bulk phases resulted in cubic liquid crystalline nanoparticles employing Pluronic F127 as dispersant. The effects of process variables such as sonication time, sonication amplitude, sonication depth, and pre-mixing time on particle size and polydispersity index was investigated using central composite design. The morphology of tropicamide-loaded nanoparticles was found to be nearly cubical in shape by transmission electron microscopy observation. Further, small angle X-ray scattering experiment confirmed the presence of D and P phase cubic structures in coexistence. The optimized tropicamide-loaded cubic nanoparticles showed in vitro corneal permeation of tropicamide across isolated porcine cornea comparable to its commercial preparation, Tropicacyl®. Ocular tolerance was evaluated by Hen's egg-chorioallantoic membrane test and histological studies. The results of in vivo mydriatic response study demonstrated a remarkably higher area under mydriatic response curve (AUC0→1440 min) values of cubic nanoparticles over Tropicacyl® indicating better therapeutic value of cubic nanoparticles. Furthermore, tropicamide-loaded cubic nanoparticles exhibited prolonged mydriatic effect on rabbits as compared to commercial conventional aqueous ophthalmic solution.

  10. Transmission of HIV in dialysis centre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velandia, M; Fridkin, S K; Cárdenas, V; Boshell, J; Ramirez, G; Bland, L; Iglesias, A; Jarvis, W

    1995-06-01

    In August, 1993, 13 dialysis patients at one dialysis centre in Colombia, South America, were found to be HIV positive, and this prompted an epidemiological investigation. We carried out a cohort study of all dialysis centre patients during January, 1992 to December, 1993 (epidemic period) to determine risk factors for HIV seroconversion. Haemodialysis and medical records were reviewed, dialysis centre staff and surviving patients were interviewed, and dialysis practices were observed. Stored sera from all dialysis centre patients were tested for HIV antibody. 12 (52%) of 23 patients tested positive for HIV antibody by enzyme immunoassay and western blot during the epidemic period. Of the 23 tested, 9 (39%) converted from HIV antibody negative to positive (seroconverters) and 10 (44%) remained HIV negative (seronegatives). The HIV seroconversion rate was higher among patients dialysed at the centre while a new patient, who was HIV seropositive, was dialysed there (90% vs 0%; p dialysis centre reprocessed access needles, dialysers, and bloodlines (60% vs 0%). While 2 of 9 HIV seroconverters had had sex with prostitutes, none had received unscreened blood products or had other HIV risk factors. No surgical or dental procedures were associated with HIV seroconversion. Dialysers were reprocessed separately with 5% formaldehyde and were labelled for use on the same patient. Access needles were reprocessed by soaking them in a common container with a low-level disinfectant, benzalkonium chloride; 4 pairs of needles were placed in one pan creating the potential for cross-contamination or use of one patient's needles on another patient. HIV transmission at the dialysis centre was confirmed. Improperly reprocessed patient-care equipment, most probably access needles, is the likely mechanism of transmission. This outbreak was discovered by accident and similar transmission may be occurring in many other countries where low-level disinfectants are used to sterilise critical

  11. New cubic structure compounds as actinide host phases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stefanovsky, S V [SIA Radon, 7th Rostovskii lane 2/14, Moscow 119121 (Russian Federation); Yudintsev, S V; Livshits, T S, E-mail: profstef@mtu-net.ru [Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy and Geochemistry RAS, Staromonetny lane 35, Moscow 119017 (Russian Federation)

    2010-03-15

    Various compounds with fluorite (cubic zirconia) and fluorite-derived (pyrochlore, zirconolite) structures are considered as promising actinide host phases at immobilization of actinide-bearing nuclear wastes. Recently some new cubic compounds - stannate and stannate-zirconate pyrochlores, murataite and related phases, and actinide-bearing garnet structure compounds were proposed as perspective matrices for complex actinide wastes. Zirconate pyrochlore (ideally Gd{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7}) has excellent radiation resistance and high chemical durability but requires high temperatures (at least 1500 deg. C) to be produced by hot-pressing from sol-gel derived precursor. Partial Sn{sup 4+} substitution for Zr{sup 4+} reduces production temperature and the compounds REE{sub 2}ZrSnO{sub 7} may be hot-pressed or cold pressed and sintered at {approx}1400 deg. C. Pyrochlore, A{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7-x} (two-fold elementary fluorite unit cell), and murataite, A{sub 3}B{sub 6}C{sub 2}O{sub 20-y} (three-fold fluorite unit cell), are end-members of the polysomatic series consisting of the phases whose structures are built from alternating pyrochlore and murataite blocks (nano-sized modules) with seven- (2C/3C/2C), five- (2C/3C), eight- (3C/2C/3C) and three-fold (3C - murataite) fluorite unit cells. Actinide content in this series reduces in the row: 2C (pyrochlore) > 7C > 5C > 8C > 3C (murataite). Due to congruent melting murataite-based ceramics may be produced by melting and the firstly segregated phase at melt crystallization is that with the highest fraction of the pyrochlore modules in its structure. The melts containing up to 10 wt. % AnO{sub 2} (An = Th, U, Np, Pu) or REE/An fraction of HLW form at crystallization zoned grains composed sequentially of the 5C {yields} 8C {yields} 3C phases with the highest actinide concentration in the core and the lowest - in the rim of the grains. Radiation resistance of the 'murataite' is comparable to titanate pyrochlores. One

  12. Characterization, Microstructure, and Dielectric properties of cubic pyrochlore structural ceramics

    KAUST Repository

    Li, Yangyang

    2013-05-01

    The (BMN) bulk materials were sintered at 1050°C, 1100°C, 1150°C, 1200°C by the conventional ceramic process, and their microstructure and dielectric properties were investigated by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) (including the X-ray energy dispersive spectrometry EDS and high resolution transmission electron microscopy HRTEM) and dielectric impedance analyzer. We systematically investigated the structure, dielectric properties and voltage tunable property of the ceramics prepared at different sintering temperatures. The XRD patterns demonstrated that the synthesized BMN solid solutions had cubic phase pyrochlore-type structure when sintered at 1050°C or higher, and the lattice parameter (a) of the unit cell in BMN solid solution was calculated to be about 10.56Å. The vibrational peaks observed in the Raman spectra of BMN solid solutions also confirmed the cubic phase pyrochlore-type structure of the synthesized BMN. According to the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images, the grain size increased with increasing sintering temperature. Additionally, it was shown that the densities of the BMN ceramic tablets vary with sintering temperature. The calculated theoretical density for the BMN ceramic tablets sintered at different temperatures is about 6.7521 . The density of the respective measured tablets is usually amounting more than 91% and 5 approaching a maximum value of 96.5% for sintering temperature of 1150°C. The microstructure was investigated by using Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope (STEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD). Combined with the results obtained from the STEM and XRD, the impact of sintering temperature on the macroscopic and microscopic structure was discussed. The relative dielectric constant ( ) and dielectric loss ( ) of the BMN solid solutions were measured to be 161-200 and (at room temperature and 100Hz-1MHz), respectively. The BMN solid

  13. What specifications for a centre or network of excellence in clinical research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diebolt, Vincent; Lang, Marie; Thoby, Frédérique

    2016-02-01

    The Giens 2015 Workshop Round Table entitled "What specifications for a centre or network of excellence in clinical research?" took a viewpoint distinct from earlier work and studies on changes in clinical research activities in France. The purpose of the present work was to identify, starting from concrete examples, the main strengths and advantages of clinical research activity in France related, in part, to the background environment and also to the specific characteristics of the investigation centres considered to be among the most high-performance units in activity. The criteria retained were grouped into a set of specifications that could be used to establish a "label of excellence" upon which the different teams and clinical research centres could model themselves. It was thus considered that belonging to a centre or structured network with at least a national configuration, when this is possible for the medial topic in question, constitutes a real advantage. Four benchmarks were identified: the scientific and clinical expertise of the head investigator, as well as the qualification and operational capacity of the centre's team; definition and measurement of performance using clearly displayed indicators and evaluation procedures; the quality of the overall trial "process" and of each of its component steps; communication, because know-how and promotion go hand in hand, with the main objective of informing the professional and general public about the value of the research centre meeting the above-mentioned criteria, about its networks of competencies, and more generally, about the important assets of the background of clinical research in France. This sector of research is funded by the public authorities via calls for public grants, financial aids for structures supporting clinical research in the University Hospital Centres and other healthcare institutions allowing for a professionalization of the research occupations, and the national public health

  14. Scavenger hunt in the CERN Computing Centre

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2013-01-01

    Hidden among the racks of servers and disks in the CERN Computing Centre, you’ll find Hawaiian dancers, space aliens, gorillas… all LEGO® figurines! These characters were placed about the Centre for the arrival of Google’s Street View team for the world to discover.   PLEASE NOTE THAT THE COMPETITION IS OVER. ONLY FOR REFERENCE, HERE IS THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE. We’re pleased to announce our first global scavenger hunt! Spot three LEGO® figurines using Google’s Street View and you’ll be entered to win a gift of your choice from our CERN Gift Guide. A LEGO® figurine in the CERN Computing Centre, as seen on Google Street View. Here are the details: Find at least three LEGO® figurines hidden around the CERN Computing Centre using Google Street View.   Take screencaps of the figurines and e-mail the pictures to TreasureHunt-ComputingCentre@cern.ch. This email is no longer active.   The...

  15. Visits to Tier-1 Computing Centres

    CERN Multimedia

    Dario Barberis

    At the beginning of 2007 it became clear that an enhanced level of communication is needed between the ATLAS computing organisation and the Tier-1 centres. Most usual meetings are ATLAS-centric and cannot address the issues of each Tier-1; therefore we decided to organise a series of visits to the Tier-1 centres and focus on site issues. For us, ATLAS computing management, it is most useful to realize how each Tier-1 centre is organised, and its relation to the associated Tier-2s; indeed their presence at these visits is also very useful. We hope it is also useful for sites... at least, we are told so! The usual participation includes, from the ATLAS side: computing management, operations, data placement, resources, accounting and database deployment coordinators; and from the Tier-1 side: computer centre management, system managers, Grid infrastructure people, network, storage and database experts, local ATLAS liaison people and representatives of the associated Tier-2s. Visiting Tier-1 centres (1-4). ...

  16. Stability of the high-pressure body-centered-cubic phase of helium

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frenkel, D.

    1986-01-01

    This paper report absolute free-energy calculations of the fluid, body-centered-cubic, and face-centered-cubic phases of helium at T=327.04 K. We find that at and around this temperature the model potential proposed by Aziz et al. doe not yield a stable bcc phase. Quantum corrections do not alter th

  17. Stability of the high-pressure body-centered-cubic phase of helium

    OpenAIRE

    Frenkel, D.

    1987-01-01

    This paper report absolute free-energy calculations of the fluid, body-centered-cubic, and face-centered-cubic phases of helium at T=327.04 K. We find that at and around this temperature the model potential proposed by Aziz et al. doe not yield a stable bcc phase. Quantum corrections do not alter this conclusion

  18. Comparison of Dust Lattice Waves in Three-Dimensional Cubic Configurations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    B. Farokhi; A. Hameditabar

    2012-01-01

    A three-dimensional (3D) dusty plasma crystalline with cubic configurations is considered. We calculate the interaction between particles up to distance √2a, implying the second-neighbor interactions for the simple cubic structure, the third-neighbor interactions for the body-centered cubic structure, and the forth-neighbor interactions the for face-centered cubic structure. Longitudinal and transverse dispersion relations are derived in arbitrary directions. The dispersion relations are studied in special directions, I.e. (1,0,0), (l,l,0)/√2, and (1,1, l)/√3- Study of dispersion relations with more neighbor interactions show that in some cases the results change physically.%A three-dimensional (3D) dusty plasma crystalline with cubic configurations is considered.We calculate the interaction between particles up to distance (√2)a,implying the second-neighbor interactions for the simple cubic structure,the third-neighbor interactions for the body-centered cubic structure,and the forth-neighbor interactions the for face-centered cubic structure.Longitudinal and transverse dispersion relations are derived in arbitrary directions.The dispersion relations are studied in special directions,i.e.(1,0,0),(1,1,0)/(√2),and (1,1,1)/(√3).Study of dispersion relations with more neighbor interactions show that in some cases the results change physically.

  19. Cubic Invariant Spherical Surface Harmonics in Conjunction With Diffraction Strain Pole-Figures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brakman, C.M.

    1986-01-01

    Four kinds of cubic invariant spherical surface harmonics are introduced. It has been shown previously that these harmonics occur in the equations relating measured diffraction (line-shift) elastic strain and macro-stresses generating these strains for the case of textured cubic materials. As a cons

  20. The Normals to a Parabola and the Real Roots of a Cubic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bains, Majinder S.; Thoo, J. B.

    2007-01-01

    The geometric problem of finding the number of normals to the parabola y = x[squared] through a given point is equivalent to the algebraic problem of finding the number of distinct real roots of a cubic equation. Apollonius solved the former problem, and Cardano gave a solution to the latter. The two problems are bridged by Neil's (semi-cubical)…

  1. Extending a Property of Cubic Polynomials to Higher-Degree Polynomials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, David A.; Moseley, James

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the authors examine a property that holds for all cubic polynomials given two zeros. This property is discovered after reviewing a variety of ways to determine the equation of a cubic polynomial given specific conditions through algebra and calculus. At the end of the article, they will connect the property to a very famous method…

  2. The Aube centre. 1997 statement; Le centre de l`Aube. Bilan 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    Since January 1992 the Aube centre ensures the storage of 90% of the short life radioactive wastes produced in France. This educational booklet describes the organization of the activities in the centre from the storage of wastes to the radioactivity surveillance of the environment (air, surface and ground waters, river sediments, plants and milk). (J.S.)

  3. Cubic-interaction-induced deformations of higher-spin symmetries

    CERN Document Server

    Joung, Euihun

    2013-01-01

    The deformations of higher-spin symmetries induced by cubic interactions of symmetric massless bosonic fields are analyzed within the metric-like formalism. Our analysis amends the existing classification according to gauge-algebra deformations taking into account also gauge-transformation deformations. In particular, we identify a class of couplings which leave the gauge algebra Abelian but deform one (out of three) gauge transformation, and another class of couplings which deform all three gauge transformations in (A)dS but only two in the flat-space limit. The former class is related to higher-spin algebra multiplets (representations of the global algebra) together with the massless-massive-massive couplings, which we also briefly discuss. The latter class is what makes (A)dS a distinguished background for higher-spin interactions and includes in particular the gravitational interactions of higher-spin fields, retrospectively accounting for the Fradkin-Vasiliev solution to the Aragon-Deser problem. We also...

  4. Assembly of body-centered cubic crystals in hard spheres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, W-S; Sun, Z-Y; An, L-J

    2011-05-01

    We investigate the crystallization of monodisperse hard spheres confined by two square patterned substrates (possessing the basic character of the body-centered cubic (bcc) crystal structure) at varying substrate separations via molecular dynamics simulation. Through slowly increasing the density of the system, we find that crystallization under the influence of square patterned substrates can set in at lower densities compared with the homogeneous crystallization. As the substrate separation decreases, the density, where crystallization occurs (i.e., pressure drops), becomes small. Moreover, two distinct regimes are identified in the plane of bcc particle fraction and density for the separation range investigated. For large substrate separations, the bcc particle fraction displays a local maximum as the density is increased, and the resulting formed crystals have a polycrystalline structure. However, and more importantly, another situation emerges for small substrate separations: the capillary effects (stemming from the presence of two substrates) overwhelm the bulk driving forces (stemming from the spontaneous thermal fluctuations in the bulk) during the densification, eventually resulting in the formation of a defect-free bcc crystal (unstable with respect to the bulk hard-sphere crystals) by using two square patterned substrates.

  5. The Structure of the Cubic Coincident Site Lattice Rotation Group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reed, B W; Minich, R W; Rudd, R E; Kumar, M

    2004-01-13

    This work is intended to be a mathematical underpinning for the field of grain boundary engineering and its relatives. The interrelationships within the set of rotations producing coincident site lattices in cubic crystals are examined in detail. Besides combining previously established but widely scattered results into a unified context, the present work details newly developed representations of the group structure in terms of strings of generators (based on quaternionic number theory, and including uniqueness proofs and rules for algebraic manipulation) as well as an easily visualized topological network model. Important results that were previously obscure or not universally understood (e.g. the {Sigma} combination rule governing triple junctions) are clarified in these frameworks. The methods also facilitate several general observations, including the very different natures of twin-limited structures in two and three dimensions, the inadequacy of the {Sigma} combination rule to determine valid quadruple nodes, and a curious link between allowable grain boundary assignments and the four-color map theorem. This kind of understanding is essential to the generation of realistic statistical models of grain boundary networks (particularly in twin-dominated systems) and is especially applicable to the field of grain boundary engineering.

  6. Hardness analysis of cubic metal mononitrides from first principles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulcher, B. D.; Cui, X. Y.; Delley, B.; Stampfl, C.

    2012-05-01

    Density functional theory calculations are performed to evaluate the hardness of various cubic metal nitrides: rocksalt TiN, VN, ZrN, NbN, AlN, and SiN; zincblende AlN and BN; and diamond C for comparison. The isotropic elastic stiffness constants cij, bulk modulus K, shear modulus G, Young's modulus E, and isotropic Poisson's ratio ν¯ are calculated. From simulated uniaxial stress-strain curves, ideal strength values σmax in the [100], [110], and [111] directions are also evaluated for all systems. In particular, rocksalt AlN is found to possess both high elastic moduli and ideal strength. These quantities are then compared for correlations with existing experimental Vicker's hardness data. The bulk modulus is found to be a poor indicator of hardness, while E, G, 1/ν¯, and σmax all exhibit stronger correlations. With a view to circumvent the need to run computationally expensive relaxation steps, different methodologies for approximating uniaxial stress-strain curves are introduced. Utilizing the anisotropic Poisson's ratio to approximate the relaxed transverse lattice parameters at a given axial strain is a good approximation to stress-strain curves, and the ideal strengths obtained in this way exhibit strong correlations to experimental Vicker's hardness values.

  7. Twinning of cubic diamond explains reported nanodiamond polymorphs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Németh, Péter; Garvie, Laurence A. J.; Buseck, Peter R.

    2015-12-01

    The unusual physical properties and formation conditions attributed to h-, i-, m-, and n-nanodiamond polymorphs has resulted in their receiving much attention in the materials and planetary science literature. Their identification is based on diffraction features that are absent in ordinary cubic (c-) diamond (space group: Fd-3m). We show, using ultra-high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) images of natural and synthetic nanodiamonds, that the diffraction features attributed to the reported polymorphs are consistent with c-diamond containing abundant defects. Combinations of {113} reflection and rotation twins produce HRTEM images and d-spacings that match those attributed to h-, i-, and m-diamond. The diagnostic features of n-diamond in TEM images can arise from thickness effects of c-diamonds. Our data and interpretations strongly suggest that the reported nanodiamond polymorphs are in fact twinned c-diamond. We also report a new type of twin ( rotational), which can give rise to grains with dodecagonal symmetry. Our results show that twins are widespread in diamond nanocrystals. A high density of twins could strongly influence their applications.

  8. Diamine Functionalized Cubic Mesoporous Silica for Ibuprofen Controlled Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivaguru, J; Selvaraj, M; Ravi, S; Park, H; Song, C W; Chun, H H; Ha, C-S

    2015-07-01

    A diamine functionalized cubic mesostructured KIT-6 (N-KIT-6) has been prepared by post-synthetic method using calcined mesoporous KIT-6 with a diamine source, i.e., N-'[3-(tri methoxysilyl)- propyl]'ethylenediamine. The KIT-6 mesoporous silica used for N-KIT-6 was synthesized under weak acidic hydrothermal method using bitemplates, viz., Pluronic P123 and 1-butanol. The synthesized mesoporous materials, KIT-6 and N-KIT-6, have been characterized by the relevant instrumental techniques such as SAXS, N2 sorption isotherm, FT-IR, SEM, TEM and TGA to prove the standard mesoporous materials with the identification of diamine groups. The characterized mesoporous materials, KIT-6 and N-KIT-6, have been extensively used in the potential application of controlled drug delivery, where ibuprofen (IBU) employed as a model drug. The rate of IBU adsorption and release was monitored by UV vis-spectrometer. On the basis of the experimental results of controlled drug delivery system, the results of IBU adsorption and releasing rate in N-KIT-6 are higher than those of KIT-6 because of the higher hydrophobic nature as well as rich basic sites on the surface of inner pore wall silica.

  9. Thermodynamic properties of the cubic plutonium hydride solid solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haschke, J M

    1981-12-01

    Pressure, temperature, and composition data for the cubic solid solution plutonium hydride phase, PuH/sub x/, have been measured by microbalance methods. Integral enthalpies and entropies of formation have been evaluated for the composition range 1.90 less than or equal to X less than or equal to 3.00. At 550/sup 0/K, ..delta..H/sup 0/ /sub f/(PuH/sub x/(s)) varies linearly from approximately (-38 +- 1) kcal mol/sup -1/ at PuH/sub 190/ to (-50 +- 1 kcal mol/sup -1/) at PuH/sub 3/ /sub 00/. Thermochemical values obtained by reevaluating tensimetric data from the literature are in excellent agreement with these results. Isotopic effects have been quantified by comparing the results for hydride and deuteride, and equations are presented for predicting ..delta..H/sup 0/ /sub f/ and ..delta..S/sup 0/ /sub f/ values for PuH/sub x/(s) and PuD/sub x/(s).

  10. Learning Styles of Independent Learning Centre Users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarik Uzun

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Learning style research has been a significant field within language teaching and learning. There have been very few attempts, however, to seek possible links between independent learning and learning style preferences. This paper aims to identify the learning styles of students who use the Independent Learning Centre (ILC on a regular basis at a state university in Turkey (n=102. The findings of the learning style analysis revealed that, contrary to expectations, most of the regular users of the centre were synoptic learners, which implies that these learners might not necessarily have conscious control over their own learning processes. An in-depth analysis of learning styles and recommendations to improve the services offered in the centre are also included in the paper.

  11. A day in the CERN Control Centre

    CERN Multimedia

    Rosaria Marraffino

    2015-01-01

    The CERN Control Centre (CCC) is the nerve centre of the CERN beam systems. From this room, the experts prepare, monitor, adjust, and control the particle beams that circulate throughout the accelerator complex while ensuring that the services and the technical infrastructure work flawlessly. Buttons, screens, telephones, lights (but no sound): in the CCC, everything is ready to make it possible for the LHC to reach the unprecedented energies expected at Run 2.   Seen from above, the CERN Control Centre resembles the shape of a quadrupole magnet. The consoles are distributed in four circles, called “islands”, dedicated to the LHC, the SPS, the PS Complex and the Technical Infrastructure (TI) respectively. Spread between TI and LHC are the Cryogenics consoles. Being in the same room allows the 24h-manned islands to be constantly in touch with one another, thus ensuring the best performance of the machines. At the LHC island, operators are currently busy training the magnet...

  12. THE ELUSIVENESS OF LEARNER-CENTRED TEACHING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ervin Kovačević

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This research will explore teaching styles of university professors. Teaching style is an umbrella term for teaching decisions made during the entire teaching process – planning, delivery, and evaluation. Contemporary university teachers are advised to adopt the learner-centred teaching style which is assumed to produce remarkable possibilities. In the Fall Semester 2015 fifty-two respondents in different faculties of International University of Sarajevo were surveyed using The Principles of Adult Learning Scale inventory designed by Gary J. Conti. Inventory scores were calculated according to guidelines suggested by the author of the inventory. The scores revealed that majority of respondents strongly supported teacher-centred rather than learner-centred styles of instruction. Scores were analysed on gender lines and across three different faculties, namely: Arts and Social Sciences; Business and Administration; Engineering and Natural Sciences. In all five groups none of the seven teaching style indicators was found to conform with the learner-centred teaching criteria. There was no statistically significant difference between the two genders’ preference for a teaching style. And there was no statistically significant difference between teaching style preference across the three different faculties.The results of this research imply that the learner-centred style of instruction is not frequently implemented. Secondly, the results indicate that the requirements necessary for proper application of the learner-centred teaching style are not easy to meet in current written and unwritten norms. Finally, the results show that traditional teaching styles, which have been preserved in different scientific fields, still predominate in universities.

  13. Rare B Decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jackson, P.D.; /Victoria U.

    2006-02-24

    Recent results from Belle and BaBar on rare B decays involving flavor-changing neutral currents or purely leptonic final states are presented. Measurements of the CP asymmetries in B {yields} K*{gamma} and b {yields} s{gamma} are reported. Also reported are updated limits on B{sup +} {yields} K{sup +}{nu}{bar {nu}}, B{sup +} {yields} {tau}{sup +}{nu}, B{sup +} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{nu} and the recent measurement of B {yields} X{sub s}{ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -}.

  14. Japanese Rare Earth Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Since China cancelled export rebate in May this year,prices of magnetic materials related rare earth productscontinuously rose. Increasing production cost is largelyattributed to investment in environmental protectionequipments. Prices of Nd and Dy metals rose 20~30% over thebeginning of this year.Price of Nd was USD 11.5 - 12/Kg from USD 9/Kg at theend of 2004, up 30%. Price of Dy rose to USD 65- 70/Kg fromUSD 50/Kg early this year, up 20%. Price of Pr climbed to USD13.5 - 14/Kg from USD 11/Kg, up 30%. Pri...

  15. Rare B decays at LEP

    CERN Document Server

    Kluit, P M

    2001-01-01

    The results of the LEP experiments for rare B decays will be reviewed, covering hadronic final states, radiative and other rare decays and results for the inclusive charmless branching ratio. (8 refs).

  16. China Rare Earth Market Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ February, 2010 Rare earth separation plants and downstream producers like NdFeB magnetic materials and phosphor materials successively ceased production due to Spring Festival, Chinese New Year. Transactions in rare earth market were few affected by public holidays.

  17. China Rare Earth Market Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Active demands from downstream industry drove the price rise of rare earth products in Chinese domestic marketrecently, particularly didymium and dysprosium products. Prices of other rare earth products remained stable.

  18. China rare earth market review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Rare earth market fluctuated slightly recently and the transactions remained sluggish. Environment control was strengthened in southern China and many rare earth plants had gone out of production. Some traders were considering selling commodities at low p

  19. Enhancing person-centred communication in NICU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weis, Janne; Zoffmann, Vibeke; Egerod, Ingrid

    2015-01-01

    Aims of this article were (a) to explore how parents of premature infants experience guided family-centred care (GFCC), and (b) to compare how parents receiving GFCC versus standard care (SC) describe nurse-parent communication in the neonatal intensive care unit.......Aims of this article were (a) to explore how parents of premature infants experience guided family-centred care (GFCC), and (b) to compare how parents receiving GFCC versus standard care (SC) describe nurse-parent communication in the neonatal intensive care unit....

  20. Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory as Cultural Centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mickaelian, A. M.; Farmanyan, S. V.

    2016-12-01

    NAS RA V. Ambartsumian Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory is presented as a cultural centre for Armenia and the Armenian nation in general. Besides being scientific and educational centre, the Observatory is famous for its unique architectural ensemble, rich botanical garden and world of birds, as well as it is one of the most frequently visited sightseeing of Armenia. In recent years, the Observatory has also taken the initiative of the coordination of the Cultural Astronomy in Armenia and in this field, unites the astronomers, historians, archaeologists, ethnographers, culturologists, literary critics, linguists, art historians and other experts.

  1. Investigation into the magnetic properties of pyrochlore-type rare-earth hafnates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chun, Jung Hwan; Kremer, Reinhard K.; Lin, Chengtian [MPI for Solid State Research, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    Cubic rare-earths transition metal pyrochlores with composition R{sub 2}TM{sub 2}O{sub 7} have attracted broad attention because of their unusual magnetic ground state properties related to geometrical frustration of the pyrochlores lattice. So far, the investigation focused mainly on 3d and 4d transition metal systems. The magnetic properties of rare-earths 5d TM pyrochlores are comparatively less well studied. Here we report on the single-crystal growth and the magnetic properties of some rare-earth hafnates (R =Nd, Gd, Dy; TM = Hf) of composition R{sub 2}Hf{sub 2}O{sub 7}. Nd{sub 2}Hf{sub 2}O{sub 7} and Gd{sub 2}Hf{sub 2}O{sub 7} crystallize with the cubic pyrochlores structure whereas diverging reports on the structure of Dy{sub 2}Hf{sub 2}O{sub 7} are available in literature. Crystals of R{sub 2}Hf{sub 2}O{sub 7} have been grown and their structural and magnetic properties have been investigated. Our investigations confirm Nd{sub 2}Hf{sub 2}O{sub 7} and Gd{sub 2}Hf{sub 2}O{sub 7} to crystallize in the cubic pyrochlores structure. Antiferromagnetic ordering below ∝0.5 K has been observed by magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity measurements for both compounds.

  2. Hunan Rare Earth Group Approved

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>Following Guangdong,Guangxi,Fujian and Jiangxi,Hunan announced that it would consolidate its rare earth resources-the consolidation plan of Hunan Rare Earth Group has been approved. Consolidation of the rare earth industry of south China is in full swing.According to "Several Opinions of the State Council on Promoting the Sustainable and Healthy Development of Rare Earth Industry"(hereinafter referred to as "Several Opinions")released in 2011,

  3. China Rare Earth Market Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    September 20-30, 2011 Rare earth market remained steady recently. Quoted prices of didymium products by separation and smelting plants kept stable. Some rare earth industrial zones in Baotou, Sichuan and Ganzhou had suspended production with the intensified environmental protection control and consolidation of rare earth industry. Persons in the industry hold a positive attitude toward the rare earth market after the National Day' s holiday in China. The market will develop healthily and orderly in the future.

  4. Instability of some divalent rare earth ions and photochromic effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egranov, A. V.; Sizova, T. Yu.; Shendrik, R. Yu.; Smirnova, N. A.

    2016-03-01

    It was shown that the divalent rare earth ions (La, Ce, Gd, Tb, Lu, and Y) in cubic sites in alkaline earth fluorides are unstable with respect to electron autodetachment since its d1(eg) ground state is located in the conduction band which is consistent with the general tendency of these ions in various compounds. The localization of doubly degenerate d1(eg) level in the conduction band creates a configuration instability around the divalent rare earth ion that leading to the formation of anion vacancy in the nearest neighborhood, as was reported in the previous paper [A. Egranov, T. Sizova, Configurational instability at the excited impurity ions in alkaline earth fluorites, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 74 (2013) 530-534]. Thus, the formation of the stable divalent ions as La, Ce, Gd, Tb, Lu, and Y (PC+ centers) in CaF2 and SrF2 crystals during x-ray irradiation occurs via the formation of charged anion vacancies near divalent ions (Re2+va), which lower the ground state of the divalent ion relative to the conductivity band. Photochromic effect occurs under thermally or optically stimulated electron transition from the divalent rare earth ion to the neighboring anion vacancy and reverse under ultraviolet light irradiation. It is shown that the optical absorption of the PC+ centers due to d → d and d → f transitions of the divalent rare-earth ion.

  5. China Rare Earth Market Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Supply of rare earth concentrate remained tight recently. Rare earth market exhibited rising tendency holistically Affected by tight supply of rare earth concentrate, many plants were operated under the capacity. Supply of didymium oxide got tighter and the price was on rising.

  6. A rare sight

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso and The LHCb Collaboration

    2012-01-01

    Today, at the Hadron Collider Physics Symposium in Kyoto, the LHCb collaboration has presented the evidence of a very rare B decay, the rarest ever seen. The result further shrinks the region in which scientists can still look for supersymmetry.   The graph showing evidence of the Bs0 → μ+ μ- decay. The result was presented Monday 12 November at the HCP Conference in Kyoto (photo courtesy of the LHCb Collaboration). Particle decays tell us about the inner properties and functioning of Nature’s physics processes. By studying them and their occurrence, physicists infer the rules that control them. Often, it turns out that some rare decays, which are very difficult to observe, are those in which Nature could reveal the presence of new physics. This is the case of some decays of the Bs0 particle (a particle made of a bottom anti-quark bound to a strange quark), and in particular Bs0 → μ+ μ- whose...

  7. [Accreditation criteria and quality standards for Poisons centres: development of a quality management system within the Milan Poisons centre].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Della Puppa, Tiziana; Manfrè, Sergio; Grezzi, Marinella

    2006-01-01

    Poisons centres throughout Italy and Europe vary considerably in terms of their institutions and organisation. The European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists (EAPCCT) has laid down the activities that a poisons centre must carry out, specifying minimum and maximum standards required. These directions allow an evaluation of the service provided. In 2002 Milan Poisons Centre began a project aiming to introduce concepts and methodology proper of the quality systems within poisons centres' institutional activity. Concluded, the project resulted in the centre's certification and the documentation of its procedures: this may now contribute to help define the status and activity of poisons centres in Italy.

  8. TOPICAL REVIEW: Microscopic insight into properties and electronic instabilities of impurities in cubic and lower symmetry insulators: the influence of pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, M.; Barriuso, M. T.; Aramburu, J. A.; García-Fernández, P.; García-Lastra, J. M.

    2006-05-01

    This article reviews the microscopic origin of properties due to transition-metal (TM) impurities, M, in insulator materials. Particular attention is paid to the influence of pressure upon impurity properties. Basic concepts such as the electronic localization in an MXN complex, the electrostatic potential, VR, arising from the rest of the lattice ions or the elastic coupling of the complex to the host lattice are initially exposed. The dependence of optical and magnetic parameters on the impurity-ligand distance, R, in cubic lattices is discussed in a first step. Emphasis is put on the actual origin of the R dependence of 10Dq. Examples revealing that laws for strict cubic symmetry cannot in general be transferred to lower symmetries are later given. This relevant fact is shown to come from allowed hybridizations like nd-(n+1)s as well as the influence of VR. As a salient feature the different colour in ruby and emerald is stressed to arise from distinct VR potentials in Al2O3 and Be3Si6Al2O18. The last part of this review deals with electronic instabilities. The phenomena associated with the Jahn-Teller (JT) effect in cubic lattices, the origin of the energy barrier among equivalent minima and the existence of coherent tunnelling in systems like MgO:Cu2+ are discussed. An increase of elastic coupling is pointed out to favour a transition from an elongated to a compressed equilibrium conformation. Interestingly the equilibrium geometry of JT ions in non-cubic lattices is shown to be controlled by mechanisms different to those in cubic systems, VR playing again a key role. The relevance of first principles calculations for clarifying the subtle mechanisms behind off-centre instabilities is also pointed out. Examples concern monovalent and divalent TM impurities in lattices with the CaF2 structure. The instability due to the transition from the ground to an excited state is finally considered. For complexes with significant elastic coupling vibrational frequencies

  9. Electron affinity of cubic boron nitride terminated with vanadium oxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Yu; Sun, Tianyin; Shammas, Joseph; Hao, Mei; Nemanich, Robert J. [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1504 (United States); Kaur, Manpuneet [School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-6106 (United States)

    2015-10-28

    A thermally stable negative electron affinity (NEA) for a cubic boron nitride (c-BN) surface with vanadium-oxide-termination is achieved, and its electronic structure was analyzed with in-situ photoelectron spectroscopy. The c-BN films were prepared by electron cyclotron resonance plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition employing BF{sub 3} and N{sub 2} as precursors. Vanadium layers of ∼0.1 and 0.5 nm thickness were deposited on the c-BN surface in an electron beam deposition system. Oxidation of the metal layer was achieved by an oxygen plasma treatment. After 650 °C thermal annealing, the vanadium oxide on the c-BN surface was determined to be VO{sub 2}, and the surfaces were found to be thermally stable, exhibiting an NEA. In comparison, the oxygen-terminated c-BN surface, where B{sub 2}O{sub 3} was detected, showed a positive electron affinity of ∼1.2 eV. The B{sub 2}O{sub 3} evidently acts as a negatively charged layer introducing a surface dipole directed into the c-BN. Through the interaction of VO{sub 2} with the B{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer, a B-O-V layer structure would contribute a dipole between the O and V layers with the positive side facing vacuum. The lower enthalpy of formation for B{sub 2}O{sub 3} is favorable for the formation of the B-O-V layer structure, which provides a thermally stable surface dipole and an NEA surface.

  10. [The coordination of care in health centres].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribardière, Olivia

    2016-06-01

    Health centres are structurally designed to facilitate the coordination of care. However, evolutions in society have resulted in forms of consumption of health care which are not necessarily compatible with efficient care coordination. On a local level, teams are nevertheless organising and structuring themselves to offer the right form of care, to the right patient and at the right time.

  11. Tensions in human-centred design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steen, M.G.D.

    2011-01-01

    In human-centred design (HCD), researchers and designers attempt to cooperate with and learn from potential users of the products or services which they are developing. Their goal is to develop products or services that match users' practices, needs and preferences. In this position paper it is argu

  12. Frequency selectivity at very low centre frequencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Orellana, Carlos Andrés Jurado; Pedersen, Christian Sejer; Marquardt, Torsten

    2010-01-01

    -3638 (2007)]. Recent experiments showed that the exact frequency varies from individual to individual. Besides, the helicotrema region in the METF has been found to highly influence frequency selectivity for centre frequencies (CFs) below 80 Hz (Jurado and Moore in prep). By using individual METF...

  13. Visiting a science centre: what's on offer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Ian

    1990-09-01

    Science centres are a valuable resource, used more frequently by family groups and primary school parties than by secondary schools. The importance of affective learning, involving attitude changes, is stressed. Provided the right approach is used, accompanying adults can help children get the most out of a visit.

  14. Mandibular trauma: a two-centre study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boffano, P.; Kommers, S.C.; Karagozoglu, K.H.; Gallesio, C.; Forouzanfar, T.

    2015-01-01

    The aims of this study were to assess and compare epidemiological data on mandibular fractures from two European centres and to perform a review of the literature. Between 2001 and 2010, a total of 752 patients with a total of 1167 mandibular fractures were admitted to a hospital in Turin, and 245 p

  15. Renovation of the CERN Computer Centre

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2003-01-01

    The Computer Centre at CERN is seen after half of the equipment is the large ground floor room has been removed. A large-scale spring-cleaning operation took place before renovation work for the new CERN Grid system began. Fifteen kilometres of cables that were no longer needed were removed from the cavity floor for recycling.

  16. Cactus: The Centres of a Triangle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyde, Hartley

    2009-01-01

    This is the first of two articles which describe how to use "JavaSketchPad" to explore the centres of a triangle. This introductory exercise is suggested in the GSP "Workshop Guide". Students can use "JavaSketchPad Interactive Geometry" (JSP) at home at no cost. They are likely to impress their parents with their enthusiasm for geometry and all…

  17. Rare cancers are not so rare: The rare cancer burden in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gatta, Gemma; Zwan, van der Jan Maarten; Casali, Paolo G.; Siesling, Sabine; Dei Tos, Angelo Paolo; Kunkler, Ian; Otter, Renee; Licitra, Lisa

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Epidemiologic information on rare cancers is scarce. The project Surveillance of Rare Cancers in Europe (RARECARE) provides estimates of the incidence, prevalence and survival of rare cancers in Europe based on a new and comprehensive list of these diseases. Materials and methods: RARECARE

  18. Person-centred care in nursing documentation.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Broderick, Margaret C

    2012-12-07

    BACKGROUND: Documentation is an essential part of nursing. It provides evidence that care has been carried out and contains important information to enhance the quality and continuity of care. Person-centred care (PCC) is an approach to care that is underpinned by mutual respect and the development of a therapeutic relationship between the patient and nurse. It is a core principle in standards for residential care settings for older people and is beneficial for both patients and staff (International Practice Development in Nursing and Healthcare, Chichester, Blackwell, 2008 and The Implementation of a Model of Person-Centred Practice in Older Person Settings, Dublin, Health Service Executive, 2010a). However, the literature suggests a lack of person-centredness within nursing documentation (International Journal of Older People Nursing 2, 2007, 263 and The Implementation of a Model of Person-Centred Practice in Older Person Settings, Dublin, Health Service Executive, 2010a). AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore nursing documentation in long-term care, to determine whether it reflected a person-centred approach to care and to describe aspects of PCC as they appeared in nursing records. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study using the PCN framework (Person-centred Nursing; Theory and Practice, Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010) as the context through which nursing assessments and care plans were explored. RESULTS: Findings indicated that many nursing records were incomplete, and information regarding psychosocial aspects of care was infrequent. There was evidence that nurses engaged with residents and worked with their beliefs and values. However, nursing documentation was not completed in consultation with the patient, and there was little to suggest that patients were involved in decisions relating to their care. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The structure of nursing documentation can be a major obstacle to the recording of PCC and appropriate care planning. Documentation

  19. Polyol synthesis and characterizations of cubic ZrO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} nanocrystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meetei, S. Dhiren [Department of Physics, Manipur University, Canchipur-795 003, Imphal (India); Singh, Sh. Dorendrajit, E-mail: dorendrajit@yahoo.co.in [Department of Physics, Manipur University, Canchipur-795 003, Imphal (India); Sudarsan, V. [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2012-02-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer By polyol route nanocrystalline cubic ZrO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} can be synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cubic phase is the most desirable phase of zirconia. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Distinguishing cubic from tetragonal phase is difficult. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Characterizations of the samples are done by XRD, TEM, FTIR and PL. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Eu{sup 3+} emission peaks vary as charge transfer state in ZrO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+}. - Abstract: Nanocrystalline ZrO{sub 2} and ZrO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} were synthesized by polyol route. The x-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern of ZrO{sub 2} shows presence of both monoclinic and tetragonal phase of zirconia, while that of ZrO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} show cubic structure. Cubic phase is the most desired phase of zirconia. However, it is difficult to distinguish between the tetragonal and cubic phases solely from XRD study. Therefore, the characterizations of cubic phase in the doped samples are substantiated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and photoluminescence (PL) studies. Interplaner spacing, d{sub hkl} are calculated from the selected area electron diffraction (SAED) rings and they are found to be consistent with that of cubic zirconia. FT-IR spectra of doped and undoped samples are found to be different. This is attributed to the presence of both monoclinic and tetragonal phase in the undoped sample and only cubic phase in the doped samples. PL excitation and emission spectra of the samples are studied. The asymmetry ratio is found to be less than that of the reported tetragonal phase indicating that the present analyzing samples have higher symmetry than tetragonal phase. Variations of Eu{sup 3+} emission peaks are observed as that of charge transfer state (CTS).

  20. Rarely clicking Muller's ratchets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eule, Stephan; Metzger, Jakob

    2013-03-01

    In populations of finite size, weakly deleterious mutations can fix by chance. This phenomenon has been termed Muller's ratchet and one click of the ratchet refers to the loss of the fittest class of individuals with the fewest mutations. Despite the simplicity of the classical mathematical model of Muller's ratchet, surprisingly little is known in the biologically relevant regime where a click of the ratchet is a rare event. Here we show numerically that in this regime the rate of the ratchet strongly depends on the applied microscopic formulation (Wiright-Fisher/Moran) of the model, thus challenging the widely used diffusion approximation. Furthermore by employing a WKB-approximation in a simplified model, we obtain analytical results for the click rate, which agree well with the click rate of the full ratchet of the corresponding microscopical model.

  1. A Rare Stapes Abnormality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hala Kanona

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to increase awareness of rare presentations, diagnostic difficulties alongside management of conductive hearing loss and ossicular abnormalities. We report the case of a 13-year-old female reporting progressive left-sided hearing loss and high resolution computed tomography was initially reported as normal. Exploratory tympanotomy revealed an absent stapedius tendon and lack of connection between the stapes superstructure and footplate. The footplate was fixed. Stapedotomy and stapes prosthesis insertion resulted in closure of the air-bone gap by 50 dB. A review of world literature was performed using MedLine. Middle ear ossicular discontinuity can result in significant conductive hearing loss. This can be managed effectively with surgery to help restore hearing. However, some patients may not be suitable or decline surgical intervention and can be managed safely conservatively.

  2. A rare case of cor pulmonale secondary to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anakwue, Raphael Chinedu; Chijioke, Chioli Paschal; Iloanusi, Nneka Ifeyinwa

    2011-06-29

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a rarely reported disease in Nigeria. Cor pulmonale, one of the complications of this type of diffuse parenchymal lung disease is even rarer. The authors present a Nigerian patient with IPF with a classical high-resolution CT features, managed in our centre together with associated problems.

  3. Zero thermal expansion and ferromagnetism in cubic Sc(1-x)M(x)F3 (M = Ga, Fe) over a wide temperature range.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Lei; Chen, Jun; Fan, Longlong; Ren, Yang; Rong, Yangchun; Pan, Zhao; Deng, Jinxia; Yu, Ranbo; Xing, Xianran

    2014-10-01

    The rare physical property of zero thermal expansion (ZTE) is intriguing because neither expansion nor contraction occurs with temperature fluctuations. Most ZTE, however, occurs below room temperature. It is a great challenge to achieve isotropic ZTE at high temperatures. Here we report the unconventional isotropic ZTE in the cubic (Sc1-xMx)F3 (M = Ga, Fe) over a wide temperature range (linear coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), αl = 2.34 × 10(-7) K(-1), 300-900 K). Such a broad temperature range with a considerably negligible CTE has rarely been documented. The present ZTE property has been designed using the introduction of local distortions in the macroscopic cubic lattice by heterogeneous cation substitution for the Sc site. Even though the macroscopic crystallographic structure of (Sc0.85Ga0.05Fe0.1)F3 adheres to the cubic system (Pm3̅m) according to the results of X-ray diffraction, the local structure exhibits a slight rhombohedral distortion. This is confirmed by pair distribution function analysis of synchrotron radiation X-ray total scattering. This local distortion may weaken the contribution from the transverse thermal vibration of fluorine atoms to negative thermal expansion, and thus may presumably be responsible for the ZTE. In addition, the present ZTE compounds of (Sc1-xMx)F3 can be functionalized to exhibit high-Tc ferromagnetism and a narrow-gap semiconductor feature. The present study shows the possibility of obtaining ZTE materials with multifunctionality in future work.

  4. Mechanism of the body-centered cubic--hexagonal close-packed phase transition in iron.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bassett, W A; Huang, E

    1987-11-06

    The transition from body-centered cubic to hexagonal close-packed phase in iron has been studied in a diamond anvil cell with synchrotron radiation. The hexagonal close-packed phase, when it first appears, has a ratio of lattice parameters that is significantly larger than normal. This is attributed to a displacive mechanism that causes a distortion of the hexagonal close-packed structure in a body-centered cubic matrix. The hexagonal close-packed phase adjacent to a boundary with the body-centered cubic phase is stretched in the c direction and compressed in the a direction when it first forms.

  5. Collapse of ultrashort spatiotemporal pulses described by the cubic generalized Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation

    CERN Document Server

    Leblond, Hervé; Mihalache, Dumitru; 10.1103/PHYSREVA.81.033824

    2011-01-01

    By using a reductive perturbation method, we derive from Maxwell-Bloch equations a cubic generalized Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation for ultrashort spatiotemporal optical pulse propagation in cubic (Kerr-like) media without the use of the slowly varying envelope approximation. We calculate the collapse threshold for the propagation of few-cycle spatiotemporal pulses described by the generic cubic generalized Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation by a direct numerical method and compare it to analytic results based on a rigorous virial theorem. Besides, typical evolution of the spectrum (integrated over the transverse spatial coordinate) is given and a strongly asymmetric spectral broadening of ultrashort spatiotemporal pulses during collapse is evidenced.

  6. Use of the Primitive Unit Cell in Understanding Subtle Features of the Cubic Closest-Packed Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, John A.; Rittenhouse, Jeffrey L.; Soper, Linda M.; Rittenhouse, Robert C.

    2008-01-01

    One of the most important crystal structures adopted by metals is characterized by the "abcabc"...stacking of close-packed layers. This structure is commonly referred to in textbooks as the cubic close-packed (ccp) or face-centered cubic (fcc) structure, since the entire lattice can be generated by replication of a face-centered cubic unit cell…

  7. Measurement of Eccentricity of the Centre of Mass from the Geometric Centre of a Sphere

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭俊起; 胡忠坤; 顾邦明; 罗俊

    2004-01-01

    The eccentricity of the centre of mass from the geometric centre of a spherical attracting mass in determining the Newtonian gravitational constant G is tested by means of an electronic balance. The experimental result shows that the eccentricity of the sample is about 0.31 μm with uncertainty of 0.05 μm. Two density distribution models are discussed to estimate the uncertainty to G by the eccentricities of the attracting masses.

  8. Effects of unstratified and centre-stratified randomization in multi-centre clinical trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anisimov, Vladimir V

    2011-01-01

    This paper deals with the analysis of randomization effects in multi-centre clinical trials. The two randomization schemes most often used in clinical trials are considered: unstratified and centre-stratified block-permuted randomization. The prediction of the number of patients randomized to different treatment arms in different regions during the recruitment period accounting for the stochastic nature of the recruitment and effects of multiple centres is investigated. A new analytic approach using a Poisson-gamma patient recruitment model (patients arrive at different centres according to Poisson processes with rates sampled from a gamma distributed population) and its further extensions is proposed. Closed-form expressions for corresponding distributions of the predicted number of the patients randomized in different regions are derived. In the case of two treatments, the properties of the total imbalance in the number of patients on treatment arms caused by using centre-stratified randomization are investigated and for a large number of centres a normal approximation of imbalance is proved. The impact of imbalance on the power of the study is considered. It is shown that the loss of statistical power is practically negligible and can be compensated by a minor increase in sample size. The influence of patient dropout is also investigated. The impact of randomization on predicted drug supply overage is discussed.

  9. Evidence of public engagement with science: visitor learning at a zoo-housed primate research centre.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bridget M Waller

    Full Text Available Primate behavioural and cognitive research is increasingly conducted on direct public view in zoo settings. The potential of such facilities for public engagement with science is often heralded, but evidence of tangible, positive effects on public understanding is rare. Here, the effect of a new zoo-based primate research centre on visitor behaviour, learning and attitudes was assessed using a quasi-experimental design. Zoo visitors approached the primate research centre more often when a scientist was present and working with the primates, and reported greater awareness of primates (including conservation compared to when the scientist was not present. Visitors also reported greater perceived learning when the scientist was present. Installation of information signage had no main effect on visitor attitudes or learning. Visitors who interacted with the signage, however, demonstrated increased knowledge and understanding when asked about the specific information present on the signs (which was related to the ongoing facial expression research at the research centre. The findings show that primate behaviour research centres on public view can have a demonstrable and beneficial effect on public understanding of science.

  10. Is inner core seismic anisotropy a marker of plastic flow of cubic iron?

    CERN Document Server

    Lincot, A; Cardin, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates whether observations of seismic anisotropy are compatible with a cubic structure of the inner core Fe alloy. We assume that anisotropy is the result of plastic deformation within a large scale flow induced by preferred growth at the inner core equator. Based on elastic moduli from the literature, bcc- or fcc-Fe produce seismic anisotropy well below seismic observations ($\\textless{}0.4\\%$). A Monte-Carlo approach allows us to generalize this result to any form of elastic anisotropy in a cubic system. Within our model, inner core global anisotropy is not compatible with a cubic structure of Fe alloy. Hence, if the inner core material is indeed cubic, large scale coherent anisotropic structures, incompatible with plastic deformation induced by large scale flow, must be present.

  11. Structure of the body-centered cubic phase of lipid systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saludjian, P; Reiss-Husson, F

    1980-12-01

    A new model is proposed for the structure of the body-centered cubic phase of lipid systems. Infinite rods of polar groups (and water) are arranged with axes parallel to the four cubic [unk]1 1 1[unk] directions. The hydrocarbon chains fill the space between the rods to form a continuous matrix. With this unified topology, the model explains satisfactorily the x-ray diffraction patterns of strontium soaps, lecithin, galactolipids, potassium soaps, and hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide and explains the transition between cubic/H(II) phases. The paradoxical thermal effects on the lipid cubic phase, in particular the decrease of unit cell dimensions with increasing temperature, can be explained with the proposed model by mechanisms similar to those used for the monodimensional and bidimensional (mesomorphic) phases.

  12. ON THE NUMBER OF LIMIT CYCLES OF A CUBIC SYSTEM NEAR A CUSPIDAL LOOP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the limit cycle bifurcations in a cubic near-Hamiltonian system by perturbing a cuspidal loop and prove that 5 limit cycles can appear in a neighborhood of the cuspidal loop.

  13. Unified treatment of coupled optical and acoustic phonons in piezoelectric cubic materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willatzen, Morten; Wang, Zhong Lin

    2015-01-01

    A unified treatment of coupled optical and acoustic phonons in piezoelectric cubic materials is presented whereby the lattice displacement vector and the internal ionic displacement vector are found simultaneously. It is shown that phonon couplings exist in pairs only; either between the electric...... potential and the lattice displacement coordinate perpendicular to the phonon wave vector or between the two other lattice displacement components. The former leads to coupled acousto-optical phonons by virtue of the piezoelectric effect. We then establish three new conjectures that entirely stem from...... piezoelectricity in a cubic structured material slab. First, it is shown that isolated optical phonon modes generally cannot exist in piezoelectric cubic slabs. Second, we prove that confined acousto-optical phonon modes only exist for a discrete set of in-plane wave numbers in piezoelectric cubic slabs. Third...

  14. CHARACTERIZATION OF PRECIPITATES IN CUBIC SILICON CARBIDE IMPLANTED WITH 25Mg+ IONS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiang, Weilin; Spurgeon, Steven R.; Liu, Jia; Edwards, Danny J.; Schreiber, Daniel K.; Henager, Charles H.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Wang, Yongqiang

    2016-09-26

    The aim of this study is to characterize precipitates in Mg+ ion implanted and high-temperature annealed cubic silicon carbide using scanning transmission electron microscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy and atom probe tomography.

  15. Blocking temperature of interacting magnetic nanoparticles with uniaxial and cubic anisotropies from Monte Carlo simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russier, V.

    2016-07-01

    The low temperature behavior of densely packed interacting spherical single domain nanoparticles (MNP) is investigated by Monte Carlo simulations in the framework of an effective one spin model. The particles are distributed through a hard sphere like distribution with periodic boundary conditions and interact through the dipole dipole interaction (DDI) with an anisotropy energy including both cubic and uniaxial symmetry components. The cubic component is shown to play a sizable role on the value of the blocking temperature Tb only when the MNP easy axes are parallel to the cubic easy direction ([111] direction for a negative cubic anisotropy constant). The nature of the collective low temperature state, either ferromagnetic or spin glass like, is found to depend on the ratio of the anisotropy to the dipolar energies characterizing partly the disorder in the system.

  16. Flux pinning effect of cubic equiaxed morphology and its Ti stabilizing in Nb3Sn superconductors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG ChaoWu; ZHOU Lian; Andre SULPICE; Jean-Louis SOUBEYROUX; TANG XianDe; Christophe VERWAERDE; Gia Ky HOANG

    2009-01-01

    zes the cubic equiaxed phase at lower temperature so that heat reaction temperature is effectively reduced,the flux pinning performance is largely reinforced and the transport critical current density Jc is substantially promoted.

  17. Study of unsteady cavitation on NACA66 hydrofoil using dynamic cubic nonlinear subgrid-scale model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xianbei Huang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we describe the use of a new dynamic cubic nonlinear model, a new nonlinear subgrid-scale model, for simulating the cavitating flow around an NACA66 series hydrofoil. For comparison, the dynamic Smagorinsky model is also used. It is found that the dynamic cubic nonlinear model can capture the turbulence spectrum, while the dynamic Smagorinsky model fails. Both models reproduce the cavity growth/destabilization cycle, but the results of the dynamic cubic nonlinear model are much smoother. The re-entrant jet is clearly captured by the models, and it is shown that the re-entrant jet cuts the cavity into two parts. In general, the dynamic cubic nonlinear model provides improvement over the dynamic Smagorinsky model for the calculation of cavitating flow.

  18. Effects of quadratic and cubic nonlinearities on a perfectly tuned parametric amplifier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumeyer, S.; Sorokin, V. S.; Thomsen, J. J.

    2017-01-01

    We consider the performance of a parametric amplifier with perfect tuning (two-to-one ratio between the parametric and direct excitation frequencies) and quadratic and cubic nonlinearities. A forced Duffing-Mathieu equation with appended quadratic nonlinearity is considered as the model system, and approximate analytical steady-state solutions and corresponding stabilities are obtained by the method of varying amplitudes. Some general effects of pure quadratic, and mixed quadratic and cubic nonlinearities on parametric amplification are shown. In particular, the effects of mixed quadratic and cubic nonlinearities may generate additional amplitude-frequency solutions. In this case an increased response and a more phase sensitive amplitude (phase between excitation frequencies) is obtained, as compared to the case with either pure quadratic or cubic nonlinearity. Furthermore, jumps and bi-stability in the amplitude-phase characteristics are predicted, supporting previously reported experimental observations.

  19. Rheological Properties of Cubic Liquid Crystals Formed from Monoglyceride/H2O Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    水玲玲; 王志宁; 郑利强

    2005-01-01

    Monoglyceride (MO) can form various liquid crystalline phases spontaneously in the presence of various amount of water at room temperature. The appropriate compositions from binary phase diagram of MO/H2O were selected to form cubic phases. The selected systems were studied at different salt concentrations and pH value using rheological methods. There was a weak effect of salt on viscoelastic properties of cubic phases formed from MO/H2O system. Hexagonal phase was formed when pH value was decreased or increased. The viscoelasticity of cubic phases was different from that of hexagonal liquid crystals. Rheological properties of MO/H2O cubic phases were stable at pH and salt concentration similar to physiological condition.

  20. State-of-the-art technology for an extended computing centre

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2013-01-01

    On 7 May, CERN’s Director-General, Rolf Heuer, the Director for Research and Computing, Sergio Bertolucci, the EN Department Head, Roberto Saban, and several guests joined the IT Department Head, Frédéric Hemmer, for the inauguration of the new facilities at the CERN Computing Centre.   One of the new ventilation units and a big duct, installed as part of the Computing Centre consolidation project. After nearly two years of work, the IT Department now boasts a new computer room, equipped with its own cooling system to house the Computing Centre’s critical IT systems, which can, from now on, be decoupled from the other systems in the building. New electrical facilities have been added too, boosting the Centre’s computing power from 2.9 to 3.5 MW. Finally, an additional 40 cubic-metre water tank has been installed to allow continued cooling of the IT systems in the event of a major incident. But the star attraction of the extension project has ...

  1. Danish Polymer Centre annual report 2001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hassager, O.; Hvilsted, S.; Mortensen, Kell

    The centre is a collaboration between the Risø National Laboratory and the Technical University of Denmark (DTU). At the DTU the Department of Chemical Engineering and the Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Management participate in the centre.From 2001 the Polymer Department at Risø coo....... The Annual Report for 2001 represents therefore the first report from a period in which the new facilitieshave been utilized to full advantage....... coordinates the activities at Risø From the outset it was considered important with common laboratories to obtain the full effect of the collaboration between the two departments at the DTU and Risø NationalLaboratory. In 2001 new laboratories for polymer research and education were established at the DTU...

  2. Patient-centred Prevention among PAD Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pii, Kathrine Hoffmann

    2014-01-01

    Intro: This paper discusses a central professional dilemma in patient-centred education: on one hand the concern for ensuring patients autonomy and right to make their own decisions regarding their treatment and, on the other hand, a concern for getting patients to make the “right” decisions......-centredness is thus promoted as a way to organize health more effectively (in terms of cost and treatment outcomes) and as a way to ensure patients’ autonomy and fundamental right to make their own decisions regarding their treatment. Critical voices within social and nursing theory have however argued...... of a patient-centred prevention programme aimed at PAD patients, which includes medical treatment as well as individual nurse-led lifestyle-oriented conversations (inspired by psychological theory and methods such as Motivational Interviewing). Method: The findings are based on four months ethnographic field...

  3. JOB CENTRE FOR DOMESTIC STAFF IN SWITZERLAND

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service; http://www.cern.ch/relations/

    2001-01-01

    The Permanent mission of Switzerland to the International Organisations in Geneva has informed CERN that the Geneva Welcome Centre has set up an employment registration desk for the domestic staff of international civil servants. The aim of this pilot project is, on the one hand, to help international civil servants find domestic staff and, on the other hand, to help domestic staff holding an 'F'-type carte de légitimation find employment within 30 days after the expiry of a contract. For more information, please contact the Geneva Welcome Centre, La Pastorale, 106, route de Ferney, Case postale 103, 1211 Genève 20, tel. (+41.22) 918 02 70, fax (+41.22) 918 02 79), http://geneva-international.org/Welcome.E.html.

  4. Institutional profile: the London Centre for Nanotechnology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weston, David; Bontoux, Thierry

    2009-12-01

    Located in the London neighborhoods of Bloomsbury and South Kensington, the London Centre for Nanotechnology is a UK-based multidisciplinary research center that operates at the forefront of science and technology. It is a joint venture between two of the world's leading institutions, UCL and Imperial College London, uniting their strong capabilities in the disciplines that underpin nanotechnology: engineering, the physical sciences and biomedicine. The London Centre for Nanotechnology has a unique operating model that accesses and focuses the combined skills of the Departments of Chemistry, Physics, Materials, Medicine, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Biochemical Engineering and Earth Sciences across the two universities. It aims to provide the nanoscience and nanotechnology required to solve major problems in healthcare, information processing, energy and the environment.

  5. Emergency Centre Organization and Automated Triage System

    CERN Document Server

    Golding, Dan; Marwala, Tshilidzi

    2008-01-01

    The excessive rate of patients arriving at accident and emergency centres is a major problem facing South African hospitals. Patients are prioritized for medical care through a triage process. Manual systems allow for inconsistency and error. This paper proposes a novel system to automate accident and emergency centre triage and uses this triage score along with an artificial intelligence estimate of patient-doctor time to optimize the queue order. A fuzzy inference system is employed to triage patients and a similar system estimates the time but adapts continuously through fuzzy Q-learning. The optimal queue order is found using a novel procedure based on genetic algorithms. These components are integrated in a simple graphical user interface. Live tests could not be performed but simulations reveal that the average waiting time can be reduced by 48 minutes and priority is given to urgent patients

  6. Achieving competences in patient-centred care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lomborg, Kirsten; Nielsen, Else Skånning; Jensen, Annesofie Lunde

    2011-01-01

    Aim: To document the efficacy of a training programme in patient-centred care in which the nursing staff was trained to involve chronic obstructive pulmonary patients in assisted personal body care (APBC). The objectives were to describe the programme and uncover the outcomes. Background: Chronic...... obstructive pulmonary patients suffer from breathlessness and may need comprehensive assistance with personal body care. The patients’ wellbeing may be improved and their integrity safeguarded if nurses are able to involve the patients in accordance with their illness conditions and personal preferences....... The training was time-consuming. Conclusion: A comprehensive training programme can improve nursing competences to action patient-centred and involve severely ill respiratory patients in APBC. Further studies are needed to investigate the efficacy from the patients’ perspective. Relevance to clinical practice...

  7. It's all change at the Computer Centre

    CERN Multimedia

    Laëtitia Pedroso

    2011-01-01

    The IT and EN Departments are modernising the infrastructure of the Computer Centre to improve the conditions in which the equipment has to operate and to increase capacity. The construction work has already begun and is due to be completed in October 2012.   Every year CERN experiences around ten power cuts lasting from less than a second to several hours. In most cases the two protection systems - the UPS* and the diesel generators – are able to ensure that the operation of the Computer Centre is not affected. As Vincent Doré, the project leader for the IT Department, and Paul Pepinster, the EN Department's technical coordinator in charge of modernising the infrastructure, explains: "Building 513 has two types of computing facilities – the "non-critical" ones, such as the servers for "off-line" computing, which have UPS systems ensuring that they can operate for 10 minutes after a power cut, and the "critical&...

  8. [The development process of colon cancer centres].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahm, M; Wesselmann, S; Kube, R; Schöffel, N; Pross, M; Lippert, H; Kahl, S

    2013-02-01

    Colon carcinomas are the most common malignant tumours in the Western world. Important findings about the overall quality of medical care have been reported in multi-centre observational studies. A quality enhancement of therapeutic care can be achieved by an additional increase in diagnostic and therapeutic measures in the interdisciplinary setting. The development of colon cancer centres improves the chance to objectively observe the results of medical care induced by the development of an interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral unit that includes a comprehensive medical care for patients. The implementation of the current medical findings based on evidence in clinical routine, the inspection of the usage of guidelines by external specialists as part of an audit and the continuous correction of analysed deficits in the course of treatment guarantee a continuous improvement of service.

  9. Connected cubic s-arc-regular Cayley graphs of finite nonabelian simple groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU ShangJin; WU ZhengFei; DENG YunPing

    2009-01-01

    A graph is said to be s-arc-regular if its full automorphism group acts regularly on the set of its s-arcs. In this paper, we investigate connected cubic s-arc-regular Cayley graphs of finite nonabelian simple groups. Two sufficient and necessary conditions for such graphs to be 1- or 2-arcregular are given and based on the conditions, several infinite families of 1- or 2-arc-regular cubic Cayley graphs of alternating groups are constructed.

  10. The double-end-pumped cubic Nd:YVO4 laser: Temperature distribution and thermal stress

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P Elahi; S Morshedi

    2010-01-01

    Thermal effects of a double-end-pumped cubic Nd:YVO4 laser crystal are investigated in this paper. A detailed analysis of temperature distribution and thermal stress in cubic crystal with circular shape pumping is discussed. It has been shown that by considering the total input powers as constant, the double-end-pumped configurations with equal pump power can be considered as having a minimum thermal effect with respect to the other end-pumped configuration.

  11. Epitaxial Growth of Cubic Crystalline Semiconductor Alloys on Basal Plane of Trigonal or Hexagonal Crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Yeonjoon (Inventor); Choi, Sang H. (Inventor); King, Glen C. (Inventor)

    2011-01-01

    Hetero-epitaxial semiconductor materials comprising cubic crystalline semiconductor alloys grown on the basal plane of trigonal and hexagonal substrates, in which misfit dislocations are reduced by approximate lattice matching of the cubic crystal structure to underlying trigonal or hexagonal substrate structure, enabling the development of alloyed semiconductor layers of greater thickness, resulting in a new class of semiconductor materials and corresponding devices, including improved hetero-bipolar and high-electron mobility transistors, and high-mobility thermoelectric devices.

  12. Exact Solutions of Discrete Complex Cubic Ginzburg-Landau Equation and Their Linear Stability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金良; 刘治国

    2011-01-01

    The discrete complex cubic Ginzburg-Landau equation is an important model to describe a number of physical systems such as Taylor and frustrated vortices in hydrodynamics and semiconductor laser arrays in optics. In this paper, the exact solutions of the discrete complex cubic Ginzburg-Landau equation are derived using homogeneous balance principle and the GI/G-expansion method, and the linear stability of exact solutions is discussed.

  13. 三次系统的Berlinskii定理%ON THE BERLINSKII'S THEOREM FOR CUBIC SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁蔚莉

    2001-01-01

    In [1]-[3], the Berlinskii's theorem of the distribution of critical points for quadratic differential systems is extended to the general n-th differential systems with n2 finite critical points. In this paper, we prove that 5- 4 distribution of critical points for cubic system is impossible by using the method of basic triangle and index formula. Then we discuss the possible distributions of cubic systems with eight, seven or six finite critical points.

  14. Comparison Study on Linear Interpolation and Cubic B-Spline Interpolation Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Methods

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaolong Wang; Yi Wang; Zhizhu Cao; Weizhong Zou; Liping Wang; Guojun Yu; Bo Yu; Jinjun Zhang

    2013-01-01

    In general, proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) method is used to deal with single-parameter problems in engineering practice, and the linear interpolation is employed to establish the reduced model. Recently, this method is extended to solve the double-parameter problems with the amplitudes being achieved by cubic B-spline interpolation. In this paper, the accuracy of reduced models, which are established with linear interpolation and cubic B-spline interpolation, respectively, is verified...

  15. Cubic B-Spline Collocation Method for One-Dimensional Heat and Advection-Diffusion Equations

    OpenAIRE

    Joan Goh; Ahmad Abd. Majid; Ahmad Izani Md. Ismail

    2012-01-01

    Numerical solutions of one-dimensional heat and advection-diffusion equations are obtained by collocation method based on cubic B-spline. Usual finite difference scheme is used for time and space integrations. Cubic B-spline is applied as interpolation function. The stability analysis of the scheme is examined by the Von Neumann approach. The efficiency of the method is illustrated by some test problems. The numerical results are found to be in good agreement with the exact solution.

  16. GA Based Rational cubic B-Spline Representation for Still Image Interpolation

    OpenAIRE

    Samreen Abbas; Malik Zawwar Hussain; Misbah Irshad

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, an image interpolation scheme is designed for 2D natural images. A local support rational cubic spline with control parameters, as interpolatory function, is being optimized using Genetic Algorithm (GA). GA is applied to determine the appropriate values of control parameter used in the description of rational cubic spline. Three state-of-the-art Image Quality Assessment (IQA) models with traditional one are hired for comparison with existing image interpolation schemes and perc...

  17. Relations among Dirichlet series whose coefficients are class numbers of binary cubic forms II

    CERN Document Server

    Ohno, Yasuo

    2011-01-01

    As a continuation of the authors and Wakatsuki's previous paper [5], we study relations among Dirichlet series whose coefficients are class numbers of binary cubic forms. We show that for any integral models of the space of binary cubic forms, the associated Dirichlet series satisfies a simple explicit relation to that of the dual other than the usual functional equation. As an application, we write the functional equations of these Dirichlet series in self dual forms.

  18. China rare earth market review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Rare earth market remained weak recently. Dealings of light and heavy rare earth products were sluggish. Demand for didymium and dysprosium related products was soft and purchasers were not interested in replenishing their stocks. The market of NdFeB magnetic materials and phosphors remained inactive. Meanwhile, ceramic, catalyst and polishing powder industries were weak. Affected by global economical recession, export market of rare earth remained weak.

  19. China rare earth market review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Rare earth market was weak recently. There was still no sign of recovery in NdFeB magnetic materials and phosphors market. The market of ceramic, catalyst and polishing powder were in the doldrums. Rare earth deep processing enterprisers hesitated to purchase rare earth products and considered that there was room for further price reduction. Global economy slowed down and there was no sign of improvement yet. The export market was sluggish and transactions were inactive.

  20. China Rare Earth Market Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Rare earth market was relatively stable recently. There was not much change to the quotations by suppliers. Inquiries for most products increased in spot market and so did to the transactions. Recently, rare earth special invoices attracted the attention in the industry again. It is likely to result in price rise of many rare earth products if the special invoice system can put into effect in the near term.

  1. China rare earth market review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    November 1-10, 2012 Some key rare earth producers had paused production since the last ten day period of October in order to retain normal production and market order and stabilize rare earth prices. The production suspension measure by the plants together with severe cracking down on illegal mining by the government had some influence on sluggish market recently. Data showed rapid price increase of major rare earth products after sharp decline previously.

  2. China rare earth market review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    June 20-30 2012 Affected by a sustained slump in the demand from downstream industries, rare earth market remained flat recently. There were not many inquiries for rare earth products in the spot market. Consumers lacked of confidence in the future market. As for the downstream industries, the market of NdFeB magnetic materials and phosphors were in the doldrums. Ceramic, catalyst and polishing powder industries maintained weak. Affected by the global economy, export market of rare earth was weak.

  3. Birth of a science centre. Italian phenomenology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Rodari

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available In May 2004 the Balì Museum, Planetarium and interactive science museum, was opened to the public in Italy: 35 hands-on exhibits designed according to the interactive tradition of the Exploratorium in San Francisco, an astronomic observatory for educational activities, a Planetarium with 70 places. With a total investment of about three million euros, about two thirds of which were spent on restructuring the splendid eighteenth-century villa in which it is housed, the undertaking may be considered a small one in comparison with other European science centres. Three million euros: perhaps enough to cover the cost of only the splendid circular access ramp to the brand-new Cosmocaixa in Barcelona, an investment of one hundred million euros. But the interesting aspect of the story of the Balì Museum (but also of other Italian stories, as we shall see lies in the fact that this lively and advanced science centre stands in the bucolic region of the Marches, next to a small town of only 800 inhabitants (Saltara, in the Province of Pesaro and Urbino, in a municipal territory that has a total of 5000. Whereas in Italy the projects for science centres comparable with the Catalan one, for example projects for Rome and Turin, never get off the ground, smaller ones are opening in small and medium-sized towns: why is this? And what does the unusual location of the centres entail for science communication in Italy? This Focus does not claim to tell the whole truth about Italian interactive museums, but it does offer some phenomenological cues to open a debate on the cultural, economic and political premises that favour their lives.

  4. User-Centred Design Using Gamestorming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Currie, Leanne

    2016-01-01

    User-centered design (UX) is becoming a standard in software engineering and has tremendous potential in healthcare. The purpose of this tutorial will be to demonstrate and provide participants with practice in user-centred design methods that involve 'Gamestorming', a form of brainstorming where 'the rules of life are temporarily suspended'. Participants will learn and apply gamestorming methods including persona development via empathy mapping and methods to translate artefacts derived from participatory design sessions into functional and design requirements.

  5. CMS Centres Worldwide - a New Collaborative Infrastructure

    CERN Document Server

    Taylor, Lucas

    2011-01-01

    Webcasts, and generic Web tools such as CMS-TV for broadcasting live monitoring and outreach information. Being Web-based and experiment-independent, these systems could easily be extended to other organizations. We describe the experiences of using CMS Centres Worldwide in the CMS data-taking operations as well as for major media events with several hundred TV channels, radio stations, and many more press journalists simultaneously around the world.

  6. Enhancing Safety at Airline Operations Control Centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukáš Řasa

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent years a new term of Safety Management System (SMS has been introduced into aviation legislation. This system is being adopted by airline operators. One of the groundbased actors of everyday operations is Operations Control Centre (OCC. The goal of this article has been to identify and assess risks and dangers which occur at OCC and create a template for OCC implementation into SMS.

  7. Training science centre Explainers. The Techniquest experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin Johnson

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Techniquest was established in 1986, and in 1995 moved to its current premises at Cardiff Bay, South Wales. This was the first purpose-built science centre in the UK. It receives around 200,000 visitors every year to its exhibition, and to its programmes for schools and public audiences in the theatre, laboratory, discovery room and planetarium. The author joined the Techniquest project in 1985, became a staff member in 1990 and was the Chief Executive from 1997 until his retirement in 2004. Techniquest has three “out-stations” in Wales, and is responsible for the supply and maintenance of exhibits to the Look Out Discovery Centre in Bracknell, England. There is a Techniquest gallery at the Lisbon Pavilhão do Conhecimento - Ciência Viva, and a traveling exhibition, SciQuest, in South Africa which was also supplied by Techniquest. All these centres rely on the effective intervention of “Explainers” (at Techniquest we call them “Helpers” to provide the best possible experience for visitors. At its most demanding, the tasks of an Explainer are varied and intensive, yet there may be times when the duties are mundane or even dull. When you rely on people to act as both hosts and housekeepers, to provide both support and stimulus, and to be both welcoming and watchful, you are asking a great deal. This article raises some of the issues concerned with the recruitment and retention of Explainers, their training and management, and the way in which their role is recognized and valued by the science centre as a whole.

  8. Bismuth centred magnetic perovskite: A projected multiferroic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kundu, Asish K., E-mail: asish.k@gmail.com [Discipline of Physics, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Dumna Airport Road, Jabalpur 482005 (India); Seikh, Md. Motin [Department of Chemistry, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan, West Bengal 731235 (India); Nautiyal, Pranjal [Discipline of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Dumna Airport Road, Jabalpur 482005 (India)

    2015-03-15

    In recent time substantial attention has been initiated to understand the physics behind multiferroism and to design new multiferroic materials. BiMnO{sub 3} and BiFeO{sub 3} are the well-studied Bi-centred multiferroic oxides. BiMnO{sub 3} is a ferromagnetic–ferroelectric (metastable) phase and require drastic conditions to synthesize. However, lanthanum substituted BiMnO{sub 3} phases stabilized at ambient pressure. It is thus of major importance to increase the number of ferromagnetic perovskites with Bi cations that could be designed under ambient conditions. In this article, we have presented an up to date report of investigations on Bi-centred magnetic perovskites, a prospective material for multiferroic application. Central focus is concentrated on La{sub 0.5}Bi{sub 0.5}MnO{sub 3} perovskite with various substitutions at different levels. A few of these perovskites are found to be of practical importance e.g. La{sub 0.5}Bi{sub 0.5}Mn{sub 0.67}Co{sub 0.33}O{sub 3} with high dielectric permittivity coupled with ferromagnetism. A comprehensive analysis of different physical functionalities and their interrelation for a wide range of compositions of these Bi-centred perovskites is presented. It has been found that the complex magnetic behaviour originates from mixed valence metal ions. The ferroelectricity is associated with the 6s{sup 2} lone pair of Bi{sup 3+} cations. The magnetic ground state influences the dielectric properties reflecting the multiferroism in a single material. - Highlights: • Multiferroics have attracted increasing attention due to their possible device applications. • Bismuth centred magnetic perovskite is one kind of such promising multiferroic materials. • Ferromagnetic Bi-perovskites, which are synthesized at ambient conditions, have been discussed.

  9. Upcoming opening of CERN's new Mobility Centre

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    On 29 February, CERN’s brand new Mobility Centre opened in the Globe car park. The Centre has been created to cater to the transport needs of everyone at CERN, to simplify procedures and to centralise all the transport services on offer: the rental of CERN bikes and cars, the CERN car-sharing scheme and SIXT car rental.   From 29 February onwards, the Mobility Centre in the Globe car park will be the place to go for all your duty travel needs: rental of CERN cars (with or without the CERN logo), SIXT car rental, CERN bike rental, distribution of cards allowing the use of CERN’s self-service bike- and car-sharing schemes. That same day, the premises currently housing the Car Pool in Building 130 will become the CERN garage, responsible for: upkeep and repairs on CERN bikes, minor maintenance work on CERN vehicles (e.g. replacing windscreen wipers, bulbs and fuses, refilling windscreen washer fluid, pumping up tyres, etc.), arranging and following up the repair and maintenan...

  10. Bismuth centred magnetic perovskite: A projected multiferroic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kundu, Asish K.; Seikh, Md. Motin; Nautiyal, Pranjal

    2015-03-01

    In recent time substantial attention has been initiated to understand the physics behind multiferroism and to design new multiferroic materials. BiMnO3 and BiFeO3 are the well-studied Bi-centred multiferroic oxides. BiMnO3 is a ferromagnetic-ferroelectric (metastable) phase and require drastic conditions to synthesize. However, lanthanum substituted BiMnO3 phases stabilized at ambient pressure. It is thus of major importance to increase the number of ferromagnetic perovskites with Bi cations that could be designed under ambient conditions. In this article, we have presented an up to date report of investigations on Bi-centred magnetic perovskites, a prospective material for multiferroic application. Central focus is concentrated on La0.5Bi0.5MnO3 perovskite with various substitutions at different levels. A few of these perovskites are found to be of practical importance e.g. La0.5Bi0.5Mn0.67Co0.33O3 with high dielectric permittivity coupled with ferromagnetism. A comprehensive analysis of different physical functionalities and their interrelation for a wide range of compositions of these Bi-centred perovskites is presented. It has been found that the complex magnetic behaviour originates from mixed valence metal ions. The ferroelectricity is associated with the 6s2 lone pair of Bi3+ cations. The magnetic ground state influences the dielectric properties reflecting the multiferroism in a single material.

  11. China Rare Earth Market Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Rare earth market remained sluggish and quiet holistically recently. Didymium-related market was quiet and the consumers were hesitating in replenishing their inventories. Inquiries for dysprosium-related products were few and the transactions were inactive, Demand for europium oxide (99.99%) was weak and the trade was far from brisk. Baogang Rare Earth suspended production, which has a positive effect in stabilizing the whole rare earth market. But prices of rare earth products did not go up rapidly. This means there were still large inventories in the market.

  12. China rare earth market review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    October 21-31,2012 Recently, dealings of rare earth remained stagnant. Consumers hesitated to increase their stocks for the fear of further decline in rare earth prices. It was difficult for suppliers to sell products and they had reduced quotations to attract buyers. It did not show demand from end users could rebound in short terms. Dealings of rare earth products in spot market were few. The market of NdFeB magnetic materials, phosphors, catalysts, polishing powders and ceramics remained sluggish. There was no sign of picking up in world economy. Export market of rare earths maintained inactive.

  13. Origin of birefringence in common silicate garnet: intergrowth of different cubic phases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antao, S.; Klincker, A.; Round, S.

    2013-05-01

    Birefringence is unexpected in ideal high symmetry cubic minerals, such as common silicate garnets. Birefringence in cubic garnet was reported over a century ago, but the origin still remains questionable. Some grossular, spessartine, andradite, and uvarovite samples may show birefringence under cross-polarized light, which may indicate that they are not optically cubic. Several reasons were given as the cause of the birefringence, but the main one appears to be cation order that may cause symmetry reduction. The crystal structure of several birefringent garnet samples (grossular, spessartine, andradite, and uvarovite) were refined by the Rietveld method, space group Ia-3d, and monochromatic synchrotron high-resolution powder X-ray diffraction (HRPXRD) data. Electron-microprobe results indicate the samples are homogeneous or non-homogenous with two or three distinct compositions. Each birefringent sample contains an assemblage of cubic phases that have slightly different unit-cell parameters. The intergrowth of different phases causes strain-induced birefringence that arises from mismatch of different cubic unit-cell parameters. These results have many implications, including garnet phase transitions from cubic to lower symmetry in the mantle, which has important geophysical consequences.

  14. Certified Approximation of Parametric Space Curves with Cubic B-spline Curves

    CERN Document Server

    Shen, Liyong; Gao, Xiao-Shan

    2012-01-01

    Approximating complex curves with simple parametric curves is widely used in CAGD, CG, and CNC. This paper presents an algorithm to compute a certified approximation to a given parametric space curve with cubic B-spline curves. By certified, we mean that the approximation can approximate the given curve to any given precision and preserve the geometric features of the given curve such as the topology, singular points, etc. The approximated curve is divided into segments called quasi-cubic B\\'{e}zier curve segments which have properties similar to a cubic rational B\\'{e}zier curve. And the approximate curve is naturally constructed as the associated cubic rational B\\'{e}zier curve of the control tetrahedron of a quasi-cubic curve. A novel optimization method is proposed to select proper weights in the cubic rational B\\'{e}zier curve to approximate the given curve. The error of the approximation is controlled by the size of its tetrahedron, which converges to zero by subdividing the curve segments. As an applic...

  15. Log-cubic method for generation of soil particle size distribution curve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shang, Songhao

    2013-01-01

    Particle size distribution (PSD) is a fundamental physical property of soils. Traditionally, the PSD curve was generated by hand from limited data of particle size analysis, which is subjective and may lead to significant uncertainty in the freehand PSD curve and graphically estimated cumulative particle percentages. To overcome these problems, a log-cubic method was proposed for the generation of PSD curve based on a monotone piecewise cubic interpolation method. The log-cubic method and commonly used log-linear and log-spline methods were evaluated by the leave-one-out cross-validation method for 394 soil samples extracted from UNSODA database. Mean error and root mean square error of the cross-validation show that the log-cubic method outperforms two other methods. What is more important, PSD curve generated by the log-cubic method meets essential requirements of a PSD curve, that is, passing through all measured data and being both smooth and monotone. The proposed log-cubic method provides an objective and reliable way to generate a PSD curve from limited soil particle analysis data. This method and the generated PSD curve can be used in the conversion of different soil texture schemes, assessment of grading pattern, and estimation of soil hydraulic parameters and erodibility factor.

  16. Rare times rare: The hyponatremia, rhabdomyolysis, anterior compartment syndrome sequence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubin, Ina; Gelber, Moshe; Schattner, Ami

    2016-05-01

    Primary polydipsia occurs in up to 25% of patients with chronic psychiatric disorders (especially schizophrenia), related to the disease, its treatment or both. Urine output fails to match intake >10 L/day and water intoxication may develop. Rhabdomyolysis is a rare complication of hyponatremia, and an acute anterior compartment syndrome of the leg, an emergency, may be very rarely associated.

  17. Search for the rare decay $D^0 \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$

    CERN Document Server

    Aaij, R; Adeva, B; Adinolfi, M; Adrover, C; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Ali, S; Alkhazov, G; Alvarez Cartelle, P; Alves Jr, A A; Amato, S; Amerio, S; Amhis, Y; Anderlini, L; Anderson, J; Andreassen, R; Appleby, R B; Aquines Gutierrez, O; Archilli, F; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Baesso, C; Balagura, V; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Bauer, Th; Bay, A; Beddow, J; Bedeschi, F; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belous, K; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Berezhnoy, A; Bernet, R; Bettler, M -O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Bjørnstad, P M; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Bowcock, T J V; Bowen, E; Bozzi, C; Brambach, T; van den Brand, J; Bressieux, J; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brook, N H; Brown, H; Burducea, I; Bursche, A; Busetto, G; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Callot, O; Calvi, M; Calvo Gomez, M; Camboni, A; Campana, P; Campora Perez, D; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carranza-Mejia, H; Carson, L; Carvalho Akiba, K; Casse, G; Castillo Garcia, L; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, Ch; Charles, M; Charpentier, Ph; Chen, P; Chiapolini, N; Chrzaszcz, M; Ciba, K; Cid Vidal, X; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coca, C; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Cogneras, E; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Coquereau, S; Corti, G; Couturier, B; Cowan, G A; Craik, D C; Cunliffe, S; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; David, P; David, P N Y; Davis, A; De Bonis, I; De Bruyn, K; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Miranda, J M; De Paula, L; De Silva, W; De Simone, P; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Del Buono, L; Déléage, N; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Di Canto, A; Di Ruscio, F; Dijkstra, H; Dogaru, M; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dosil Suárez, A; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dupertuis, F; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Dzyuba, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; van Eijk, D; Eisenhardt, S; Eitschberger, U; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; El Rifai, I; Elsasser, Ch; Elsby, D; Falabella, A; Färber, C; Fardell, G; Farinelli, C; Farry, S; Fave, V; Ferguson, D; Fernandez Albor, V; Ferreira Rodrigues, F; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fiore, M; Fitzpatrick, C; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Francisco, O; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Furcas, S; Furfaro, E; Gallas Torreira, A; Galli, D; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Garofoli, J; Garosi, P; Garra Tico, J; Garrido, L; Gaspar, C; Gauld, R; Gersabeck, E; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, Ph; Gibson, V; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gordon, H; Grabalosa Gándara, M; Graciani Diaz, R; Granado Cardoso, L A; Graugés, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Griffith, P; Grünberg, O; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Yu; Gys, T; Hadjivasiliou, C; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Haines, S C; Hall, S; Hampson, T; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harnew, N; Harnew, S T; Harrison, J; Hartmann, T; He, J; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Hernando Morata, J A; van Herwijnen, E; Hicheur, A; Hicks, E; Hill, D; Hoballah, M; Holtrop, M; Hombach, C; Hopchev, P; Hulsbergen, W; Hunt, P; Huse, T; Hussain, N; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Iakovenko, V; Idzik, M; Ilten, P; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jans, E; Jaton, P; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Joram, C; Jost, B; Kaballo, M; Kandybei, S; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Kenyon, I R; Kerzel, U; Ketel, T; Keune, A; Khanji, B; Kochebina, O; Komarov, I; Koopman, R F; Koppenburg, P; Korolev, M; Kozlinskiy, A; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kucharczyk, M; Kudryavtsev, V; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanciotti, E; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Le Gac, R; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J -P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leo, S; Leroy, O; Lesiak, T; Leverington, B; Li, Y; Li Gioi, L; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Liu, B; Liu, G; Lohn, S; Longstaff, I; Lopes, J H; Lopez Asamar, E; Lopez-March, N; Lu, H; Lucchesi, D; Luisier, J; Luo, H; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Malde, S; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Marconi, U; Märki, R; Marks, J; Martellotti, G; Martens, A; Martin, L; Martín Sánchez, A; Martinelli, M; Martinez Santos, D; Martins Tostes, D; Massafferri, A; Matev, R; Mathe, Z; Matteuzzi, C; Maurice, E; Mazurov, A; McCarthy, J; McNab, A; McNulty, R; Meadows, B; Meier, F; Meissner, M; Merk, M; Milanes, D A; Minard, M -N; Molina Rodriguez, J; Monteil, S; Moran, D; Morawski, P; Morello, M J; Mountain, R; Mous, I; Muheim, F; Müller, K; Muresan, R; Muryn, B; Muster, B; Naik, P; Nakada, T; Nandakumar, R; Nasteva, I; Needham, M; Neufeld, N; Nguyen, A D; Nguyen, T D; Nguyen-Mau, C; Nicol, M; Niess, V; Niet, R; Nikitin, N; Nikodem, T; Nomerotski, A; Novoselov, A; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V; Oggero, S; Ogilvy, S; Okhrimenko, O; Oldeman, R; Orlandea, M; Otalora Goicochea, J M; Owen, P; Oyanguren, A; Pal, B K; Palano, A; Palutan, M; Panman, J; Papanestis, A; Pappagallo, M; Parkes, C; Parkinson, C J; Passaleva, G; Patel, G D; Patel, M; Patrick, G N; Patrignani, C; Pavel-Nicorescu, C; Pazos Alvarez, A; Pellegrino, A; Penso, G; Pepe Altarelli, M; Perazzini, S; Perego, D L; Perez Trigo, E; Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, A; Perret, P; Perrin-Terrin, M; Pessina, G; Petridis, K; Petrolini, A; Phan, A; Picatoste Olloqui, E; Pietrzyk, B; Pilař, T; Pinci, D; Playfer, S; Plo Casasus, M; Polci, F; Polok, G; Poluektov, A; Polycarpo, E; Popov, A; Popov, D; Popovici, B; Potterat, C; Powell, A; Prisciandaro, J; Pritchard, A; Prouve, C; Pugatch, V; Puig Navarro, A; Punzi, G; Qian, W; Rademacker, J H; Rakotomiaramanana, B; Rangel, M S; Raniuk, I; Rauschmayr, N; Raven, G; Redford, S; Reid, M M; dos Reis, A C; Ricciardi, S; Richards, A; Rinnert, K; Rives Molina, V; Roa Romero, D A; Robbe, P; Rodrigues, E; Rodriguez Perez, P; Roiser, S; Romanovsky, V; Romero Vidal, A; Rouvinet, J; Ruf, T; Ruffini, F; Ruiz, H; Ruiz Valls, P; Sabatino, G; Saborido Silva, J J; Sagidova, N; Sail, P; Saitta, B; Salustino Guimaraes, V; Salzmann, C; Sanmartin Sedes, B; Sannino, M; Santacesaria, R; Santamarina Rios, C; Santovetti, E; Sapunov, M; Sarti, A; Satriano, C; Satta, A; Savrie, M; Savrina, D; Schaack, P; Schiller, M; Schindler, H; Schlupp, M; Schmelling, M; Schmidt, B; Schneider, O; Schopper, A; Schune, M -H; Schwemmer, R; Sciascia, B; Sciubba, A; Seco, M; Semennikov, A; Senderowska, K; Sepp, I; Serra, N; Serrano, J; Seyfert, P; Shapkin, M; Shapoval, I; Shatalov, P; Shcheglov, Y; Shears, T; Shekhtman, L; Shevchenko, O; Shevchenko, V; Shires, A; Silva Coutinho, R; Skwarnicki, T; Smith, N A; Smith, E; Smith, M; Sokoloff, M D; Soler, F J P; Soomro, F; Souza, D; Souza De Paula, B; Spaan, B; Sparkes, A; Spradlin, P; Stagni, F; Stahl, S; Steinkamp, O; Stoica, S; Stone, S; Storaci, B; Straticiuc, M; Straumann, U; Subbiah, V K; Sun, L; Swientek, S; Syropoulos, V; Szczekowski, M; Szczypka, P; Szumlak, T; T'Jampens, S; Teklishyn, M; Teodorescu, E; Teubert, F; Thomas, C; Thomas, E; van Tilburg, J; Tisserand, V; Tobin, M; Tolk, S; Tonelli, D; Topp-Joergensen, S; Torr, N; Tournefier, E; Tourneur, S; Tran, M T; Tresch, M; Tsaregorodtsev, A; Tsopelas, P; Tuning, N; Ubeda Garcia, M; Ukleja, A; Urner, D; Uwer, U; Vagnoni, V; Valenti, G; Vazquez Gomez, R; Vazquez Regueiro, P; Vecchi, S; Velthuis, J J; Veltri, M; Veneziano, G; Vesterinen, M; Viaud, B; Vieira, D; Vilasis-Cardona, X; Vollhardt, A; Volyanskyy, D; Voong, D; Vorobyev, A; Vorobyev, V; Voß, C; Voss, H; Waldi, R; Wallace, R; Wandernoth, S; Wang, J; Ward, D R; Watson, N K; Webber, A D; Websdale, D; Whitehead, M; Wicht, J; Wiechczynski, J; Wiedner, D; Wiggers, L; Wilkinson, G; Williams, M P; Williams, M; Wilson, F F; Wishahi, J; Witek, M; Wotton, S A; Wright, S; Wu, S; Wyllie, K; Xie, Y; Xing, F; Xing, Z; Yang, Z; Young, R; Yuan, X; Yushchenko, O; Zangoli, M; Zavertyaev, M; Zhang, F; Zhang, L; Zhang, W C; Zhang, Y; Zhelezov, A; Zhokhov, A; Zhong, L; Zvyagin, A

    2013-01-01

    A search for the rare decay $D^0 \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$is performed using a data sample, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 0.9 fb$^{-1}$, of $pp$ collisions collected at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV by the LHCb experiment. The observed number of events is consistent with the background expectations and corresponds to an upper limit of ${\\cal B}(D^0 \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-) < 6.2(7.6) \\times 10^{-9}$ at 90% (95%) confidence level. This result represents an improvement of more than a factor twenty with respect to previous measurements.

  18. The tetragonal structure of nanocrystals in rare-earth doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Nan; Yu, Hua; Zhang, Ming; Zhang, Pan; Wang, Yazhou; Zhao, Lijuan

    2011-01-28

    Rare-earth doped oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics have been prepared and studied by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) aiming at investigating the structure and the symmetry of the nanocrystal as well as the site of the rare-earth ion. To solve the problem encountered by previous researchers due to glass host interference, we etched off glass matrix and released the fluoride nanocrystal, which is more convenient for EDS measurement. A tetragonal phase model with the chemical formula as PbREF(5) proved by quantitative EDS and XRD analyses has been proposed in this paper for the first time. Two specific crystalline phases with the same space group have been observed at 460 °C-500 °C and 520 °C-560 °C, respectively. Moreover, a super "pseudo-cubic" cell based on our tetragonal model may give a good explanation to the probable previous cubic-symmetry misunderstanding by researchers. Additionally, the thermodynamic mechanism of phase transition and the thermal stability related to the structure of nanocrystals in glass ceramics have been studied and supported by ab initio calculations and experimental methods. The structure and thermal stability of the nanocrystal and clear environment of the rare-earth ion reported here have far-reaching significance with respect to the optical investigations and further applications of rare-earth doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics.

  19. Isolation of mitochondria with cubic membrane morphology reveals specific ionic requirements for the preservation of membrane structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Ketpin; Tan, Olivia Li Ling; Almsherqi, Zakaria A; Lin, Qingsong; Kohlwein, Sepp D; Deng, Yuru

    2015-03-01

    Biological membranes with cubic symmetry are a hallmark of virus-infected or diseased cells. The mechanisms of formation and specific cellular functions of cubic membranes, however, are unclear. The best-documented cubic membrane formation occurs in the free-living giant amoeba Chaos carolinense. In that system, mitochondrial inner membranes undergo a reversible structural change from tubular to cubic membrane organization upon starvation of the organism. As a prerequisite to further analyze the structural and functional features of cubic membranes, we adapted protocols for the isolation of mitochondria from starved amoeba and have identified buffer conditions that preserve cubic membrane morphology in vitro. The requirement for high concentration of ion-chelating agents in the isolation media supports the importance of a balanced ion milieu in establishing and maintaining cubic membranes in vivo.

  20. China's rare-earth industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tse, Pui-Kwan

    2011-01-01

    Introduction China's dominant position as the producer of over 95 percent of the world output of rare-earth minerals and rapid increases in the consumption of rare earths owing to the emergence of new clean-energy and defense-related technologies, combined with China's decisions to restrict exports of rare earths, have resulted in heightened concerns about the future availability of rare earths. As a result, industrial countries such as Japan, the United States, and countries of the European Union face tighter supplies and higher prices for rare earths. This paper briefly reviews China's rare-earth production, consumption, and reserves and the important policies and regulations regarding the production and trade of rare earths, including recently announced export quotas. The 15 lanthanide elements-lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, promethium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, and lutetium (atomic numbers 57-71)-were originally known as the rare earths from their occurrence in oxides mixtures. Recently, some researchers have included two other elements-scandium and yttrium-in their discussion of rare earths. Yttrium (atomic number 39), which lies above lanthanum in transition group III of the periodic table and has a similar 3+ ion with a noble gas core, has both atomic and ionic radii similar in size to those of terbium and dysprosium and is generally found in nature with lanthanides. Scandium (atomic number 21) has a smaller ionic radius than yttrium and the lanthanides, and its chemical behavior is intermediate between that of aluminum and the lanthanides. It is found in nature with the lanthanides and yttrium. Rare earths are used widely in high-technology and clean-energy products because they impart special properties of magnetism, luminescence, and strength. Rare earths are also used in weapon systems to obtain the same properties.

  1. Energy Efficiency Improvements Using DC in Data Centres

    OpenAIRE

    Bergqvist, Sofia

    2011-01-01

    The installed power usage in a data centre will often amount to several megawatts (MW). Thetotal power consumption of the data centres in the world is comparable to that of the airtraffic. The high energy costs and carbon dioxide emissions resulting from the operation of adata centre call for alternative, more efficient, solutions for the power supply design. Oneproposed solution to decrease the energy usage is to use a direct current power supply (DCUPS) for all the servers in the data centr...

  2. Recognising and Managing Refractory Coeliac Disease: A Tertiary Centre Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ikram Nasr

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Refractory coeliac disease (RCD is a rare complication of coeliac disease (CD and involves malabsorption and villous atrophy despite adherence to a strict gluten-free diet (GFD for at least 12 months in the absence of another cause. RCD is classified based on the T-cells in the intra-epithelial lymphocyte (IEL morphology into type 1 with normal IEL and type 2 with aberrant IEL (clonal by PCR (polymerase chain reaction for T cell receptors (TCR at the β/γ loci. RCD type 1 is managed with strict nutritional and pharmacological management. RCD type 2 can be complicated by ulcerative jejunitis or enteropathy associated lymphoma (EATL, the latter having a five-year mortality of 50%. Management options for RCD type 2 and response to treatment differs across centres and there have been debates over the best treatment option. Treatment options that have been used include azathioprine and steroids, methotrexate, cyclosporine, campath (an anti CD-52 monoclonal antibody, and cladribine or fluadribine with or without autologous stem cell transplantation. We present a tertiary centre’s experience in the treatment of RCD type 2 where treatment with prednisolone and azathioprine was used, and our results show good response with histological recovery in 56.6% of treated individuals.

  3. Optimal catchment area and primary PCI centre volume revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schoos, Mikkel Malby; Pedersen, Frants; Holmvang, Lene;

    2015-01-01

    AIMS: The currently stated optimal catchment population for a pPCI centre is 300,000-1,100,000, resulting in 200-800 procedures/year. pPCI centres are increasing in number even within small geographic areas. We describe the organisation and quality of care after merging two high-volume centres...

  4. Tele-centres as a way of achieving universal access

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falch, Morten; Anyimadu, Amos

    2003-01-01

    The success of tele-centres in Ghana is discussed. The tele-centres offer a low cost opportunity to empower local communities in developed and developing countries to meet the challenges of the information society. The tele-centres can also contribute more directly to the supply of non-commercial...

  5. Webbed penis: a rare case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, R; Chaurasia, D; Jain, M

    2010-01-01

    Webbed penis belongs to a rare and little-known defect of the external genitalia. The term denotes the penis of normal size for age hidden in the adjacent scrotal and pubic tissues. Though rare, it can be treated easily by surgery. A case of webbed penis is presented with brief review of literature.

  6. Phase stable rare earth garnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuntz, Joshua D.; Cherepy, Nerine J.; Roberts, Jeffery J.; Payne, Stephen A.

    2013-06-11

    A transparent ceramic according to one embodiment includes a rare earth garnet comprising A.sub.hB.sub.iC.sub.jO.sub.12, where h is 3.+-.10%, i is 2.+-.10%, and j is 3.+-.10%. A includes a rare earth element or a mixture of rare earth elements, B includes at least one of aluminum, gallium and scandium, and C includes at least one of aluminum, gallium and scandium, where A is at a dodecahedral site of the garnet, B is at an octahedral site of the garnet, and C is at a tetrahedral site of the garnet. In one embodiment, the rare earth garment has scintillation properties. A radiation detector in one embodiment includes a transparent ceramic as described above and a photo detector optically coupled to the rare earth garnet.

  7. Cubic phase nanoparticles for sustained release of ibuprofen formulation characterization and enhanced bioavailability study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian L

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Linghui Dian,1,2,* Zhiwen Yang,3,* Feng Li,1 Zhouhua Wang,1 Xin Pan,1 Xinsheng Peng,2 Xintian Huang,1 Zhefei Guo,1 Guilan Quan,1 Xuan Shi,1 Bao Chen,1 Ge Li,4 Chuanbin Wu1,41School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University, University Town, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangdong Medical College, Dongguan, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Gastroenterology, Songjiang Branch of the Affiliated First People’s Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 4Guangdong Research Center for Drug Delivery Systems, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: In order to improve the oral bioavailability of ibuprofen, ibuprofen-loaded cubic nanoparticles were prepared as a delivery system for aqueous formulations. The cubic inner structure was verified by cryogenic transmission electron microscopy. With an encapsulation efficiency greater than 85%, the ibuprofen-loaded cubic nanoparticles had a narrow size distribution around a mean size of 238 nm. Differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction determined that ibuprofen was in an amorphous and molecular form within the lipid matrix. The in vitro release of ibuprofen from cubic nanoparticles was greater than 80% at 24 hours, showing sustained characteristics. The pharmacokinetic study in beagle dogs showed improved absorption of ibuprofen from cubic nanoparticles compared to that of pure ibuprofen, with evidence of a longer half-life and a relative oral bioavailability of 222% (P < 0.05. The ibuprofen-loaded cubic nanoparticles provide a promising carrier candidate with an efficient drug delivery for therapeutic treatment.Keywords: ibuprofen, cubic nanoparticles, oral drug delivery, bioavailability

  8. Preparation and characterization of zirconium dioxide catalyst supports modified with rare earth elements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ozawa, Masakuni; Kimura, Mareo (Toyota Central Research and Development Labs., Inc., Aichi (Japan))

    1991-08-15

    ZrO{sub 2} catlyst supports modified with rare earth elements were prepared by coprecipitation from an aqueous solution of zirconium oxychloride and rare earth chlorides. The crystallization of amorphous hydrous ZrO{sub 2} was inhibited by doping with rare earths; the crystallization temperature was elevated as the amount and ionic radius of the rare earth modifiers was increased. Only modification using cerium had no effect on the crystallization process. The behavior of cerium was different from that of other rare earth elements with valency +3. A metastable cubic phase was formed for ZrO{sub 2} modified with 10 mol.% lanthanum, neodymium and samarium by heating at 600degC. X-ray diffraction and Raman data indicated that the metastable phase had large microstrain and short-range ordering similar to tetragonal symmetry. Rare earth modified ZrO{sub 2} showed a large surface area and good thermal stability as a catalyst support. The carbon monoxide oxidation activity of iron was enhanced by modification with neodymium of ZrO{sub 2} supports. The results suggest the effectiveness of rare earth modified ZrO{sub 2} as catalyst supports. (orig.).

  9. Low energy use at Vaestervik sports centre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-05-15

    Vaestervik, in south Sweden, has saved both energy and money since modern energy efficiency equipment was installed in its swimming pool and bowling alley. Energy use in the sports centre has so far fallen by around 830 MWh/year, and operating costs have been reduced by efficient heat recovery. Energy efficiency at the Vaestervik sports centre is a good example of how a local authority can save energy and money by installing modern equipment for ventilation and heat recovery in a facility with high energy consumption. The well-used sports centre, including a swimming pool and bowling alley, is in central Vaestervik. In 1999 the Municipality received grants from the local investment programme (LIP) to improve the facility's energy efficiency. An efficient ventilation system with a dehumidifier and heat exchanger was installed at the swimming pool, reducing the need to introduce cold air. In addition the bowling alley, which did not have heat recovery, was given a modern heat-recovery plant. - Lower operating costs due to efficient heat recovery. - Reduced energy use (electricity and district heating) for the plant at around 830 MWh/year. The modern and highly efficient units for heat recovery, dehumidification and heat exchange result in lower operating costs and reduced energy use, which means that the Municipality of Vaestervik saves energy and money. Installation at the swimming pool resulted in slightly higher air humidity, but a relative humidity of 60% is common in swimming pools and difficult to reduce without inconveniencing bathers. A new fan room installed in the roof contributed to higher than anticipated costs, but the financial and economic gains outweigh these. New frequency-controlled circulation pumps for the pool water were installed in 2007. They are to have occupancy control capability, giving a further improvement of energy saving and heat recovery

  10. Biological Inspiration in Human Centred Robotics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Huo-sheng; LIU Jin-dong; Calderon Carlos A

    2004-01-01

    Human centred robotics (HCR) concerns with the development of various kinds of intelligent systems and robots that will be used in environments coexisting with humans. These systems and robots will be interactive and useful assistants/companions for people in different ages, situations, activities and environments in order to improve the quality of life. This paper presents the autors' current research work toward the development of advanced theory and technologies for HCR applications, based on inspiration from biological systems. More specifically, both bio-mimetic system modelling and robot learning by imitation are discussed respectively, and some preliminary results are demonstrated.

  11. Dynamics of B cells in germinal centres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Silva, Nilushi S; Klein, Ulf

    2015-03-01

    Humoral immunity depends on the germinal centre (GC) reaction during which somatically mutated high-affinity memory B cells and plasma cells are generated. Recent studies have uncovered crucial cues that are required for the formation and the maintenance of GCs and for the selection of high-affinity antibody mutants. In addition, it is now clear that these events are promoted by the dynamic movements of cells within and between GCs. These findings have resolved the complexities of the GC reaction in greater detail than ever before. This Review focuses on these recent advances and discusses their implications for the establishment of humoral immunity.

  12. The INTEGRAL science data centre (ISDC)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Courvoisier, T.J.L.; Walter, Rasmus; Beckmann, V.;

    2003-01-01

    The INTEGRAL Science Data Centre (ISDC) provides the INTEGRAL data and means to analyse them to the scientific community. The ISDC runs a gamma ray burst alert system that provides the position of gamma ray bursts on the sky within seconds to the community. It operates a quick-look analysis...... of the data within few hours that detects new and unexpected sources as well as it monitors the instruments. The ISDC processes the data through a standard analysis the results of which are provided to the observers together with their data....

  13. Structural Analysis and Electrical Property of Tungsten Bronze Prepared by Rare Earth Gaseous Permeation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李中华; 李昕; 陈刚; 苏铭汉; 韦永德

    2004-01-01

    The cubic sodium tungsten bronzes, NaxWO3(x=0.854 and 0.814)were prepared by rare earths gaseous permeation method. Structural analysis was carried out by Rietveld method from powder X-ray diffraction data. The X-ray diffraction profile calculated with cubic P32 models are in good agreement with the observed X-ray diffraction patterns. There is only a little difference in W-O bond and Na-O bond between Na0.854WO3 and Na0.814WO3. Conductivity measurements indicate that NaxWO3 show anomalous semiconducting behavior and percolation model was used to interpret it.

  14. Visible light induced oxidation of water by rare earth manganites, cobaltites and related oxides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naidu, B. S.; Gupta, Uttam; Maitra, Urmimala; Rao, C. N. R.

    2014-01-01

    A study of the visible light induced oxidation of water by perovskite oxides of the formula LaMO3 (M = transition metal) has revealed the best activity with LaCoO3 which contains Co3+ in the intermediate-spin (IS) with one eg electron. Among the rare earth manganites, only orthorhombic manganites with octahedral Mn3+ ions exhibit good catalytic activity, but hexagonal manganites are poor catalysts. Interestingly, not only the perovskite rare earth cobaltites but also solid solutions of Co3+ in cubic rare earth sesquioxides exhibit catalytic activity comparable to LaCoO3, the Co3+ ion in all these oxides also being in the IS t2g5eg1 state.

  15. Processing of rare earth concentrates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pamela Alex; R. C. Hubli; A.K. Suri

    2005-01-01

    The paper describes process details for extraction of rare earths from an intermediate grade concentrate of Madhya Pradesh region in India and a South African slag. The xenotime concentrate obtained from the former place was an intermediate grade (47%) rare earth phosphate containing both monazite and xenotime. The South African slag was a low-grade waste product typically containing only 4% of rare earths. The rare earth resource concentrates have been treated individually by different methods such as alkali fusion and alkali leaching to convert them into their mixed oxides. Both types of materials have been processed and greater than 98% solubilization of metal values has been achieved in the intermediate grade xenotime and 80% from the South African slag. The residue of xenotime hydroxide has been washed thoroughly to collect the sodium phosphate, as by-product and the slurry pH have been adjusted to separate rare earths from thorium effectively. Other impurities such as uranium and iron have been removed by precipitation of rare earths by oxalic acid. It has been possible to recover >95% yttrium along with other rare earth oxides.

  16. Structural Characterization of Cubic GaN Grown on GaAs(001) Substrates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Xinhe; QU Bo; WANG Yutian; YANG Hui; LIANGJunwu; HAN Jingyi

    2001-01-01

    Structural characteristics of cubic GaN epilayers grown on GaAs(001) were studied using X-ray double-crystal diffraction technique. The structure factors of cubic GaN(002) and (004) components are approximately identical. However, the integrated intensities of the rocking curve for cubic (002) components are over five times as those of (004)components. The discrepancy has been interpreted in detail considering other factors. In the conventional double crystal rocking curve, the peak broadening includes such information caused by the orientation distribution (mosaicity) and the distribution of lattice spacing. These two kinds of distributions can be distinguished by the triple-axis diffraction in which an analyzer crystal is placed in front of the detector.Moreover, the peak broadening was analyzed by reciprocal lattice construction and Eward sphere. By using triple-axis diffraction of cubic (002) and (113)components, domain size and dislocation density were estimated. The fully relaxed lattice parameter of cubic GaN was determined to be about 0.451 ± 0.001nm.

  17. Characterizations of Cubic ZnMgO Films Grown on Si(111) at Low Substrate Temperature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱东江; 吴惠桢; 陈乃波; 徐天宁

    2003-01-01

    Cubic ZnMgO thin films in the (100) orientation were grown on Si (111) substrates by reactive electron beamevaporation at low substrate temperature. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses show that Mgcontent as high as 75 at.% in the cubic ZnMgO film can be obtained. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS)measurement indicates the evidence of Mg richness in the interface between the ZnMgO film and the Si substrate,and it is probably the primary reason to form the MgO-like cubic ZnMgO structures rather than the wurtziteone. The optical band gap of cubic ZnMgO is estimated to be 5.76eV, which was measured by the transmissionspectrum of the cubic ZnMgO film grown on the sapphire substrate under the same growth condition with thaton Si (111). The band gap is of 2.39eV blueshifted compared with that of ZnO (3.37eV), which should renderapplications in the fabrication of ZnMgO-related heterostructures.

  18. Sigmoid schwannoma: A rare case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Constantine I. Fotiadis; Ilias A. Kouerinis; Ioannis Papandreou; George C. Zografos; George Agapitos

    2005-01-01

    Schwannomas are rare tumors derived from the cells of Schwann that form the neural sheath. When located in the gastrointestinal tract, they constitute together with leiomyoma, leiomyoblastoma, and leiomyosarcoma, the gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Peripheral nerve sheath tumors represent 2-6% GIST with most common location, the stomach and the small intestine. Schwannomas of the colon and rectum are extremely rare and radical excision with wide margins is mandatory, due to their tendency to recur locally and become malignant, if left untreated. In the present study, we report a rare case of a sigmoid schwannoma, which was successfully treated in our department and reviewed the literature.

  19. Organizational Learning in Rare Events

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaarst Andersen, Kristina; Beukel, Karin; Tyler, Beverly B.

    When organizations encounter rare events they often find it challenging to extract learning from the experience. We analyze opportunities for organizational learning in one such rare event, namely Intellectual Property (IP) litigation, i.e., when organizations take disputes regarding...... their intellectual property to court. We propose, that organizations can learn to litigate, although it is a rare event, by applying mechanisms in a current litigation case that have been successful in previous litigation cases. However, we also posit, that the usefulness of these learning mechanisms for a current...

  20. China rare earth market review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Rare earth market remained stagnant recently. The buyers did not show willingness to replenish raw materials affected by weak demand. Most persons in rare earth circle were not confident with the short-term rare earth market. Demand for didymium mischmetal was soft recently. The market of dysprosium related products was quiet and NdFeB magnet producers were inactive in the purchase. Phosphor market was stagnant as well. Buyers were cautious on replenishing the material. There were few inquiries for europium oxide (99.9%) in spot market and transactions were difficult.

  1. WISB: Warwick Integrative Synthetic Biology Centre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, John

    2016-06-15

    Synthetic biology promises to create high-impact solutions to challenges in the areas of biotechnology, human/animal health, the environment, energy, materials and food security. Equally, synthetic biologists create tools and strategies that have the potential to help us answer important fundamental questions in biology. Warwick Integrative Synthetic Biology (WISB) pursues both of these mutually complementary 'build to apply' and 'build to understand' approaches. This is reflected in our research structure, in which a core theme on predictive biosystems engineering develops underpinning understanding as well as next-generation experimental/theoretical tools, and these are then incorporated into three applied themes in which we engineer biosynthetic pathways, microbial communities and microbial effector systems in plants. WISB takes a comprehensive approach to training, education and outreach. For example, WISB is a partner in the EPSRC/BBSRC-funded U.K. Doctoral Training Centre in synthetic biology, we have developed a new undergraduate module in the subject, and we have established five WISB Research Career Development Fellowships to support young group leaders. Research in Ethical, Legal and Societal Aspects (ELSA) of synthetic biology is embedded in our centre activities. WISB has been highly proactive in building an international research and training network that includes partners in Barcelona, Boston, Copenhagen, Madrid, Marburg, São Paulo, Tartu and Valencia.

  2. CMS tracker slides into centre stage

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    As preparations for the magnet test and cosmic challenge get underway, a prototype tracker has been carefully inserted into the centre of CMS. The tracker, in its special platform, is slowly inserted into the centre of CMS. The CMS prototype tracker to be used for the magnet test and cosmic challenge coming up this summer has the same dimensions -2.5 m in diameter and 6 m in length- as the real one and tooling exactly like it. However, the support tube is only about 1% equipped, with 2 m2 of silicon detectors installed out of the total 200 m2. This is already more than any LEP experiment ever used and indicates the great care needed to be taken by engineers and technicians as these fragile detectors were installed and transported to Point 5. Sixteen thousand silicon detectors with a total of about 10 million strips will make up the full tracker. So far, 140 modules with about 100 000 strips have been implanted into the prototype tracker. These silicon strips will provide precision tracking for cosmic muon...

  3. ALICE opens its new nerve centre

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2014-01-01

    Twenty-nine fully equipped and ergonomic workstations, one meeting area and 11 large format screens in a completely refurbished room: the ALICE Run Control Centre (ARC) implements the best and newest solutions for its shift workers and expert operators, including access for persons with reduced mobility and very soon a magic window for Point 2 visitors.   The ALICE Run Control Centre. “Our initial intention was just to optimise the old layout,” says Federico Ronchetti from Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati (Italy), a CERN scientific associate currently appointed as ALICE Run Coordinator and person in charge of the ALICE Consolidation Task Force. “However, during the review process, we carried out a study of all the existing control rooms at CERN and became aware we needed a radical change. Hence we started planning a complete redesign of the workspace.” Designed and equipped over many years, the old ALICE control room did not have enough space to fit al...

  4. KNMI Data Centre: Easy access for all

    Science.gov (United States)

    van de Vegte, John; Som de Cerff, Wim; Plieger, Maarten; de Vreede, Ernst; Sluiter, Raymond; Willem Noteboom, Jan; van der Neut, Ian; Verhoef, Hans; van Versendaal, Robert; van Binnendijk, Martin; Kalle, Henk; Knopper, Arthur; Spit, Jasper; Mastop, Joeri; Klos, Olaf; Calis, Gijs; Ha, Siu-Siu; van Moosel, Wim; Klein Ikkink, Henk-Jan; Tosun, Tuncay

    2013-04-01

    KNMI is the Dutch institute for weather, climate research and seismology. It disseminates weather information to the public at large, the government, aviation and the shipping industry in the interest of safety, the economy and a sustainable environment. To gain insight into long-term developments KNMI conducts research on climate change. Making the knowledge, data and information on hand at KNMI accessible is one core activity. A huge part of the KNMI information is from numerical models, insitu sensor networks and remote sensing satellites. This digital collection is mostly internal only available and is a collection of non searchable , non standardized file formats, lacking documentation and has no references to scientific publications. With the KNMI Data Centre (KDC) project these issues are tackled. In the project a user driven development approach with SCRUM was chosen to get maximum user involvement in a relative short development timeframe. Building on open standards and proven open source technology (which includes in-house developed software like ADAGUC WMS and Portal) resulted in a first release in December 2012 This presentation will focus on the aspects of KDC relating to its technical challenges, the development strategy and the initial usage results of the data centre.

  5. Mixed structural face-centered cubic and body-centered cubic orders in near stoichiometric Fe2MnGa alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kudryavtsev, Y. V.; Perekos, A. E.; Uvarov, N. V.; Kolchiba, M. R.; Synoradzki, K.; Dubowik, J.

    2016-05-01

    Magnetic and transport properties of near stoichiometric metastable FexMnyGaz alloys (46 ≤ x ≤ 52, 17 ≤ y ≤ 25, 26 ≤ z ≤ 30) with face-centered cubic (FCC), body-centered cubic (BCC), and two-phase (FCC + BCC) structures are investigated. The experimental results are analyzed in terms of first-principles calculations of stoichiometric Fe2MnGa alloy with the L21, L12, and the tetragonally distorted L21 structural orderings. It is shown that the pure BCC and FCC phases have distinct magnetic and transport properties. Two-phase Fe2MnGa alloys have magnetic and transport properties typical of the mixed BCC and FCC phases. Among the investigated alloys, Fe46Mn24Ga30 has a martensitic transformation accompanied with significant changes of its magnetic and transport properties.

  6. GREEN'S FUNCTION AND EFFECTIVE ELASTIC STIFFNESS TENSOR FOR ARBITRARY AGGREGATES OF CUBIC CRYSTALS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HuangMojia; ZhengChaomei

    2004-01-01

    A closed but approximate formula of Green's function for an arbitrary aggregate of cubic crystallites is given to derive the effective elastic stiffness tensor of the polycrystal. This formula, which includes three elastic constants of single cubic crystal and five texture coefficients,accounts for the effects of the orientation distribution function (ODF) up to terms linear in the texture coefficients. Thus it is expected that our formula would be applicable to arbitrary aggregates with weak texture or to materials such as aluminum whose single crystal has weak anisotropy.Three examples are presented to compare predictions from our formula with those from Nishioka and Lothe's formula and Synge's contour integral through numerical integration. As an application of Green's function, we briefly describe the procedure of deriving the effective elastic stiffness tensor for an orthorhombic aggregate of cubic crystallites. The comparison of the computational results given by the finite element method and our effective elastic stiffness tensor is made by an example.

  7. Analytical Approximate Solutions for the Cubic-Quintic Duffing Oscillator in Terms of Elementary Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Beléndez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Accurate approximate closed-form solutions for the cubic-quintic Duffing oscillator are obtained in terms of elementary functions. To do this, we use the previous results obtained using a cubication method in which the restoring force is expanded in Chebyshev polynomials and the original nonlinear differential equation is approximated by a cubic Duffing equation. Explicit approximate solutions are then expressed as a function of the complete elliptic integral of the first kind and the Jacobi elliptic function cn. Then we obtain other approximate expressions for these solutions, which are expressed in terms of elementary functions. To do this, the relationship between the complete elliptic integral of the first kind and the arithmetic-geometric mean is used and the rational harmonic balance method is applied to obtain the periodic solution of the original nonlinear oscillator.

  8. Formation Mechanism and Binding Energy for Body-Centered Cubic Structure of He+9 Cluster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jian-Ping; GOU Qing-Quan; LI Ping

    2004-01-01

    The formation mechanism for the body-centered cubic structure of He+9 cluster is proposed and its total energy curve is calculated by the method of a Modified Arrangement Channel Quantum Mechanics. The energy is the function of separation R between the nuclei at the center and an apex of the body-centered cubic structure. The result of the calculation shows that the curve has a minimal energy -25.6669 (a.u.) at R = 2.550ao. The binding energy of He+9 with respect to He+ + 8He was calculated to be 0.8857 a.u. This means that the cluster of He+9 may be formed in the body-centered cubic structure of R = 2.55a0.

  9. Interaction in equilibrium plasmas of charged macroparticles located in nodes of cubic lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filippov, A. V.

    2016-11-01

    Interaction of two charged pointlike macroparticles located at nodes of simple cubic (sc), body-centered cubic (bcc) and face-centered cubic (fcc) lattices in an equilibrium plasma is studied within the linearized Poisson-Boltzmann model. It is shown that the boundary shape has a strong influence on the electrostatic interaction between two macroparticles, which switches from repulsion at small interparticle distances to attraction as it approaches the halflength of a computational cell. It is found that in a case of dust particles arranged in the nodes of the sc, bcc and fcc lattices, the electrostatic force acting on them is equal to zero and the nature of the interaction changes from repulsion to attraction; hence, the infinite sc, bcc and fcc lattices of charged dust particles are thermodynamically stable at rather low temperatures.

  10. Towards a systematic design of isotropic bulk magnetic metamaterials using the cubic point groups of symmetry

    CERN Document Server

    Baena, J D; Marques, R

    2007-01-01

    In this paper a systematic approach to the design of bulk isotropic magnetic metamaterials is presented. The role of the symmetries of both the constitutive element and the lattice are analyzed. For this purpose it is assumed that the metamaterial is composed by cubic SRR resonators, arranged in a cubic lattice. The minimum symmetries needed to ensure an isotropic behavior are analyzed, and some particular configurations are proposed. Besides, an equivalent circuit model is proposed for the considered cubic SRR resonators. Experiments are carried out in order to validate the proposed theory. We hope that this analysis will pave the way to the design of bulk metamaterials with strong isotropic magnetic response, including negative permeability and left-handed metamaterials.

  11. Effect of pressure on itinerant magnetism and spin disorder in cubic FeGe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pulikkotil, J J; Auluck, S; Rout, P K; Budhani, R C

    2012-03-01

    The results of ab initio calculations of the pressure dependence of Fe magnetism in cubic FeGe are presented. We find that when the pressure-volume scale is set by means of generalized gradient approximation total energies and magnetism is described by means of the local density approximation, the critical pressure at which the magnetic phase transition occurs is estimated at ≈18 GPa, which is in good agreement with experiments. Using the disordered local moment method we find a localized to itinerant model cross-over of Fe magnetism in cubic FeGe, as a function of volume. Moreover, our calculations also suggest subtle signatures of longitudinal spin fluctuations in cubic FeGe, and that the stiffness parameter softens with increasing pressure. We associate the retention of metallicity in FeGe under pressure with the spin-disorder scattering. The effect of spin-orbit coupling on the electronic structure is also discussed.

  12. Cubic one-regular graphs of order twice a square-free integer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A graph is one-regular if its automorphism group acts regularly on the set of its arcs.Let n be a square-free integer.In this paper,we show that a cubic one-regular graph of order 2n exists if and only if n=3tp1p2…ps≥13,where t≤1,s≥1 and pi’s are distinct primes such that 3|(Pi—1). For such an integer n,there are 2s-1 non-isomorphic cubic one-regular graphs of order 2n,which are all Cayley graphs on the dihedral group of order 2n.As a result,no cubic one-regular graphs of order 4 times an odd square-free integer exist.

  13. Comparison Study on Linear Interpolation and Cubic B-Spline Interpolation Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaolong Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In general, proper orthogonal decomposition (POD method is used to deal with single-parameter problems in engineering practice, and the linear interpolation is employed to establish the reduced model. Recently, this method is extended to solve the double-parameter problems with the amplitudes being achieved by cubic B-spline interpolation. In this paper, the accuracy of reduced models, which are established with linear interpolation and cubic B-spline interpolation, respectively, is verified via two typical examples. Both results of the two methods are satisfying, and the results of cubic B-spline interpolation are more accurate than those of linear interpolation. The results are meaningful for guiding the application of the POD interpolation to complex multiparameter problems.

  14. Cubic Copper Hexacyanoferrates Nanoparticles: Facile Template-Free Deposition and Electrocatalytic Sensing Towards Hydrazine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xingxing Wang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cubic copper hexacyanoferrate (CuHCF nanoparticles prepared via electrolytic deposition are presented with their morphology and crystalline structure characterized with SEM and XRD. The advantage of this methodology is that it allows the fabrication of uniform cubic nanoparticles with permeable structures onto the desired underlying electrode substrate. It was observed that the CuHCF film acts as a permeable membrane for cations such as K+, Na+, Li+, and NH4+ with a selection order of K+> Li+>NH4+> Na+. Furthermore, the analytical utility of these cubic-like CuHCF morphologies supported on a glassy carbon electrode was evaluated towards the electrochemical oxidation of hydrazine which was found to exhibit a linear response over the range 66 M to 17 mM with a detection limit corresponding to 16.5 M.

  15. Direct visualization of dispersed lipid bicontinuous cubic phases by cryo-electron tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demurtas, Davide; Guichard, Paul; Martiel, Isabelle; Mezzenga, Raffaele; Hébert, Cécile; Sagalowicz, Laurent

    2015-11-01

    Bulk and dispersed cubic liquid crystalline phases (cubosomes), present in the body and in living cell membranes, are believed to play an essential role in biological phenomena. Moreover, their biocompatibility is attractive for nutrient or drug delivery system applications. Here the three-dimensional organization of dispersed cubic lipid self-assembled phases is fully revealed by cryo-electron tomography and compared with simulated structures. It is demonstrated that the interior is constituted of a perfect bicontinuous cubic phase, while the outside shows interlamellar attachments, which represent a transition state between the liquid crystalline interior phase and the outside vesicular structure. Therefore, compositional gradients within cubosomes are inferred, with a lipid bilayer separating at least one water channel set from the external aqueous phase. This is crucial to understand and enhance controlled release of target molecules and calls for a revision of postulated transport mechanisms from cubosomes to the aqueous phase.

  16. China Rare Earth Market Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Rare earth market remained depressed after the New Year affected by the weak demand. Purchaser preferred to consume inventories rather than increase the stockpile. There was a strong wait-and-see atmosphere in the market. Driven by the intense desire to sell out the commodities, traders further decreased their quoted price for rare earth products. Most persons in the market preferred to hold commodities and waited for a rise in the market after the Spring Festival.

  17. China rare earth market review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    March 21-31,2012 Rare earth market rebounded holistically recently. Price of didymium products rose slightly after being stable for one month. There were also increases in the prices of europium oxide and terbium oxide, which led to a rush by phosphor plants. The market of yttrium-medium and europium-rich minerals remained stagnant though the rare earth market recovered. Price of the mineral was around RMB ¥210,000-250,000/ton.

  18. China Rare Earth Market Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    November 20-30.2011 Weak demand resulted in the slack rare market. Consumers did not intend to rep earth enish inventories yet and transactions of rare earth products were stagnant. The market of didymium-related products was in the doldrums. Demand for dysprosium-related products was sluggish. Inquiries for europium oxide (99.9%) were few and dealings of the product were difficult.

  19. China Rare Earth Holdings Limited

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    China Rare Earth Holdings Limited is a large trans-area corporation and a public company listed in Hong Kong Stock Exchange (Name: China Rare Earth, Code: 0769), with headquarter in Hong Kong. Located on the bank of beautiful Taihu Lake, the subsidiary in Yinxing covers area of 200,000 m2. It has nearly 1,000 employees, 30% of whom are technical staffs. After self-administration and effort, the company passed ISO 9001: 2000 and ISO 14000 Certificaitons.

  20. Rare Gas Halide (RGH) Kinetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-01

    high-energy electron distributions have been made by Elliot and Green8 , and Bretagne , et al., but these calculations were limited to pure rare gases of...model development begins by using the same basic calculation ’ ’ procedure as presented by Bretagne , et al. 9 The distribution of electron energy is...and Bretagne , et al. have proposed empirical formulas for M-shell ionization of argon gas. For other rare gases, the formulas given by Green " and

  1. [Adult-onset rare diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfliegler, György; Kovács, Erzsébet; Kovács, György; Urbán, Krisztián; Nagy, Valéria; Brúgós, Boglárka

    2014-03-01

    The present paper is focusing on rare diseases manifesting in late childhood or adulthood. A part of these syndromes are not of genetic origin, such as relatively or absolutely rare infections, autoimmune diseases, tumours, or diseases due to rare environmental toxic agents. In addition, even a large proportion of genetic disorders may develop in adulthood or may have adult forms as well, affecting are almost each medical specialization. Examples are storage disorders (e.g. adult form of Tay-Sachs disease, Gaucher-disease), enzyme deficiencies (e.g. ornithin-transcarbamylase deficiency of the urea cycle disorders), rare thrombophilias (e.g. homozygous factor V. Leiden mutation, antithrombin deficiency), or some rare monogenic disorders such as Huntington-chorea and many others. It is now generally accepted that at least half of the 6-8000 "rare diseases" belong either to the scope of adult-care (e.g. internal medicine, neurology), or to "age-neutral" specialities such as ophtalmology, dermatology etc.).

  2. Synthesis of Nano-Scale Fast Ion Conducting Cubic Li7La3Zr2O12

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    0.24 moles of aluminum was added using aluminum oxide (50 nm, Merck) to the precursor solution before gelation occurs. The process flow diagram...cubic Li A solution-based process was investigated for synthesizing cubic Li7La3Zr2O12 (LLZO), which is known to exhibit the unprecedented combination of...Park, NC 27709-2211 batteries, solution based process , synthesizing cubic LLZO, fast ionic conductivity REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE 11. SPONSOR

  3. Epitaxial and bulk growth of cubic silicon carbide on off-oriented 4H-silicon carbide substrates

    OpenAIRE

    Norén, Olof

    2015-01-01

    The growth of bulk cubic silicon carbide has for a long time seemed to be something for the future. However, in this thesis the initial steps towards bulk cubic silicon carbide have been taken. The achievement of producing bulk cubic silicon carbide will have a great impact in various fields of science and industry such as for example the fields of semiconductor technology within electronic- and optoelectronic devices and bio-medical applications. The process that has been used to grow the bu...

  4. 1:2 INTERNAL RESONANCE OF COUPLED DYNAMIC SYSTEM WITH QUADRATIC AND CUBIC NONLINEARITIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈予恕; 杨彩霞; 吴志强; 陈芳启

    2001-01-01

    The 1:2 internal resonance of coupled dynamic system with quadratic and cubic nonlinearities is studied. The normal forms of this system in 1: 2 internal resonance were derived by using the direct method of normal form. In the normal forms, quadratic and cubic nonlinearities were remained. Based on a new convenient transformation technique, the 4-dimension bifurcation equations were reduced to 3-dimension. A bifurcation equation with one-dimension was obtained. Then the bifurcation behaviors of a universal unfolding were studied by using the singularity theory. The method of this paper can be applied to analyze the bifurcation behavior in strong internal resonance on 4-dimension center manifolds.

  5. Connected cubic s-arc-regular Cayley graphs of finite nonabelian simple groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    A graph is said to be s-arc-regular if its full automorphism group acts regularly on the set of its s-arcs. In this paper, we investigate connected cubic s-arc-regular Cayley graphs of finite nonabelian simple groups. Two suffcient and necessary conditions for such graphs to be 1- or 2-arc-regular are given and based on the conditions, several infinite families of 1-or 2-arc-regular cubic Cayley graphs of alternating groups are constructed.

  6. Excited-state polarizabilities of solvated molecules using cubic response theory and the polarizable continuum model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrighi, Lara; Frediani, Luca; Ruud, Kenneth

    2010-01-01

    The theory and an implementation of the solvent contribution to the cubic response function for the polarizable continuum model for multiconfigurational self-consistent field wave functions is presented. The excited-state polarizability of benzene, para-nitroaniline, and nitrobenzene has been obtained from the double residue of the cubic response function calculated in the presence of an acetonitrile and dioxane solvent. The calculated excited-state polarizabilities are compared to results obtained from the linear response function of the explicitly optimized excited states.

  7. Spinor-Helicity Three-Point Amplitudes from Local Cubic Interactions

    CERN Document Server

    Conde, Eduardo; Mkrtchyan, Karapet

    2016-01-01

    We make an explicit link between the cubic interactions of off-shell fields and the on-shell three-point amplitudes in four dimensions. Both the cubic interactions and the on-shell three-point amplitudes had been independently classified in the literature, but their relation has not been made explicit. The aim of this note is to provide such a relation and discuss similarities and differences of their constructions. For the completeness of our analysis, we also derive the covariant form of all parity-odd massless vertices.

  8. Limit cycles from a cubic reversible system via the third-order averaging method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linping Peng

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article concerns the bifurcation of limit cycles from a cubic integrable and non-Hamiltonian system. By using the averaging theory of the first and second orders, we show that under any small cubic homogeneous perturbation, at most two limit cycles bifurcate from the period annulus of the unperturbed system, and this upper bound is sharp. By using the averaging theory of the third order, we show that two is also the maximal number of limit cycles emerging from the period annulus of the unperturbed system.

  9. Optical properties of GaAs 2D hexagonal and cubic photonic crystal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arab, F., E-mail: farab@CDTA.DZ; Assali, A.; Grain, R.; Kanouni, F. [Centre for Development of Advanced Technologies (CDTA) Research Unit in Optics and Photonics (UROP), University of Setif 1, El Bez, 19000 Setif (Algeria)

    2015-03-30

    In this paper we present our theoretical study of 2D hexagonal and cubic rods GaAs in air, with plan wave expansion (PWE) and finite difference time domain (FDTD) by using BandSOLVE and FullWAVE of Rsoft photonic CAD package. In order to investigate the effect of symmetry and radius, we performed calculations of the band structures for both TM and TE polarization, contour and electromagnetic propagation and transmission spectra. Our calculations show that the hexagonal structure gives a largest band gaps compare to cubic one for a same filling factor.

  10. Finite Element Treatment of Vortex States in 3D Cubic Superconductors in a Tilted Magnetic Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Lin; Cai, Chuanbing

    2017-03-01

    The time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equations have been solved numerically by a finite element analysis for superconducting samples with a cubic shape in a tilted magnetic field. We obtain different vortex patterns as a function of the external magnetic field. With a magnetic field not parallel to the x- or y-axis, the vortices attempt to change their orientation accordingly. Our analysis of the corresponding changes in the magnetic response in different directions can provide information not only about vorticity but also about the three-dimensional vortex arrangement, even about the very subtle changes for the superconducting samples with a cubic shape in a tilted magnetic field.

  11. Preconditioning cubic spline collocation method by FEM and FDM for elliptic equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Dong [KyungPook National Univ., Taegu (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-12-31

    In this talk we discuss the finite element and finite difference technique for the cubic spline collocation method. For this purpose, we consider the uniformly elliptic operator A defined by Au := -{Delta}u + a{sub 1}u{sub x} + a{sub 2}u{sub y} + a{sub 0}u in {Omega} (the unit square) with Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions and its discretization based on Hermite cubic spline spaces and collocation at the Gauss points. Using an interpolatory basis with support on the Gauss points one obtains the matrix A{sub N} (h = 1/N).

  12. Drag force in bimodal cubic-quintic nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation

    CERN Document Server

    Feijoo, David; Paredes, Ángel; Michinel, Humberto

    2016-01-01

    We consider a system of two cubic-quintic non-linear Schr\\"odinger equations in two dimensions, coupled by repulsive cubic terms. We analyse situations in which a probe lump of one of the modes is surrounded by a fluid of the other one and analyse their interaction. We find a realization of D'Alembert's paradox for small velocities and non-trivial drag forces for larger ones. We present numerical analysis including the search of static and traveling form-preserving solutions along with simulations of the dynamical evolution in some representative examples.

  13. Ising low-temperature polynomials and hard-sphere gases on cubic lattices of general dimension

    CERN Document Server

    Butera, P

    2015-01-01

    We derive and analyze the low-activity and low-density expansions of the pressure for the model of a hard-sphere gas on cubic lattices of general dimension $d$, through the 13th order. These calculations are based on our recent extension to dimension d of the low-temperature expansions for the specific free-energy of the spin-1/2 Ising models subject to a uniform magnetic field on the (hyper-)simple-cubic lattices. Estimates of the model parameters are given also for some other lattices

  14. Analysis of moderately thin-walled beam cross-sections by cubic isoparametric elements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgsberg, Jan Becker; Krenk, Steen

    2014-01-01

    numerically by introducing a cubic-linear two-dimensional isoparametric element. The cubic interpolation of this element accurately represents quadratic shear stress variations along cross-section walls, and thus moderately thin-walled cross-sections are effectively discretized by these elements. The ability......In technical beam theory the six equilibrium states associated with homogeneous tension, bending, shear and torsion are treated as individual load cases. This enables the formulation of weak form equations governing the warping from shear and torsion. These weak form equations are solved...... of this element to represent curved geometries, and to accurately determine cross-section parameters and shear stress distributions is demonstrated....

  15. Investigation of Cubic EOS Models for HFO-1234yf Refrigerant Used In Automotive application

    OpenAIRE

    Agrawal, Anant; Cornelio, Avi Anthony; Limperich, Dirk

    2012-01-01

    The need for a consistent and reliable calculation of thermodynamic property of refrigerants has been a topic of research since the past decade. This paper reports a study of various cubic equations of state (EOS) for a refrigerant to be used in automotive applications. Thermodynamic properties of refrigerant 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO- 1234yf) using three different cubic equations of state, i.e. Peng-Robinson (PR), Yu-Lu (YL) and Guo-Du (GD), are modeled, compared and analyzed. A generi...

  16. Cubic B-Spline Collocation Method for One-Dimensional Heat and Advection-Diffusion Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Goh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Numerical solutions of one-dimensional heat and advection-diffusion equations are obtained by collocation method based on cubic B-spline. Usual finite difference scheme is used for time and space integrations. Cubic B-spline is applied as interpolation function. The stability analysis of the scheme is examined by the Von Neumann approach. The efficiency of the method is illustrated by some test problems. The numerical results are found to be in good agreement with the exact solution.

  17. GA Based Rational cubic B-Spline Representation for Still Image Interpolation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samreen Abbas

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an image interpolation scheme is designed for 2D natural images. A local support rational cubic spline with control parameters, as interpolatory function, is being optimized using Genetic Algorithm (GA. GA is applied to determine the appropriate values of control parameter used in the description of rational cubic spline. Three state-of-the-art Image Quality Assessment (IQA models with traditional one are hired for comparison with existing image interpolation schemes and perceptual quality check of resulting images. The results show that the proposed scheme is better than the existing ones in comparison.

  18. Industrial growth of yttria-stabilized cubic zirconia crystals by skull melting process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐家跃; 雷秀云; 蒋新; 何庆波; 房永征; 张道标; 何雪梅

    2009-01-01

    We reported the development of a Ф100 cm growth apparatus for skull melting growth of yttria-stabilized cubic zirconia(YSZ) crystals and more than 1000 kg crystals have been grown in the furnace each time.The growth conditions were optimized and the structure of the as-grown crystals was characterized by X-ray diffraction.The transmittance of 15 mol.% yttria-stabilized cubic zirconia crystal was nearly 80% in the range of 400-1600 nm.The refractive indices were measured and fitted the Sellmeier equation whi...

  19. Children's Centre "3 in 1 - together"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gancheva, Hristina

    2013-04-01

    "There are only two ways to life your live. One is as though nothing is a miracle. The other is as though everything is a miracle." Albert Einstein Children's Centre "3 in 1" is an extracurricular unit linked to the High School of Zlatartitsa, St. Cyril and St. Methodius, accomplished with the help of the municipality and many volunteers from the local community. With its activity it forms in children patriotic spirit, love for nature, active citizenship, and an impulse for a healthy life through communication with nature, saving the traditions and history, insurance of equality of the kids of the local five ethnicities and participation in activities in the sphere of science, art, sport and tourism. The educational work is mainly directed towards kids with difficulties with communication, hyperactivity, aggression, problems in their families, or those deprived of parental care. For a few years in the Children's Centre there have been clubs of interests: "Gardeners" - kids cultivate a garden. They plow, dig, plant, put in, irrigate and weed under the watch of Ms Stafka Nikolova, parents, and volunteers of the local community. The ecologically clean products - vegetables and fruits, kids use to cook delicious meals, sell, or give away. Weeds are also utilized; they are making herbarium out of them. "Cooks" - "What to have for lunch, when mom is out?". One can learn a lot of wonderful recipes from the club "Cooks". Products are own made, raised with love. In 2010, on the on the annual traditional holiday of the garden soup in Zlataritsa, the little cooks won third prize for making a delicious vegetable soup. On the same day, the 26 years old Nadezhda Savova, Cultural and Social Anthropology PhD in Princeton, founded the second community bakery in Bulgaria in Children's Centre "3 in1". Nadezhda Savova was declared traveler of 2012 by National Geographic. After the baking house in Gabrovo and Zlataritsa, Nadezhda also founded such projects in Sofia, Varna and Ruse

  20. Data communication at the CERN computer centre

    CERN Document Server

    Bruins, T; Pieters, R; Slettenhaar, Hendrik J; Van de Kerk, P

    1972-01-01

    The growing interest for on-line computer service and process control at CERN decentralises certain computer activities. Small process computers, remote batch stations and user terminals are to be backed by a powerful central computer. The present data network is principally star shaped. At the centre of it is a CDC 6600-6500 computer combination. It has a front end CDC 3100 computer with a Hewlett Packard 2116 as multiplexer. Some details about the fast parallel connections between the CDC 3100 and the HP 2116B are given in the paper, as well as descriptions of some computer simulation techniques used to test the present systems. Finally some plans on a future network are given. (12 refs).

  1. Learner-Centred Education in International Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Schweisfurth

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article provides an overview of Learner-Centred ducation (LCE as a travelling policy and outlines some of the arguments and pathways that have been used to fuel its travel. Despite the rich promises it offers and its proliferation as a global phenomenon and national policy, there is evidence that implementation and changes to classroom practice have proved to be problematic in many contexts. This seems particularly true in developing countries, and the article explores some of the reasons behind these perennial gaps. It concludes by arguing for the importance of both a birds-eye view and local understandings in researching and operationalising LCE, and suggests ways that the local and the global might be reconciled so that the promise of LCE is not lost in translation.

  2. MATERNAL MORTALITY IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harpreet

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Maternal Mortality in A Tertiary Care Centre. OBJECTIVE: To study maternal mortality and the complications leading to maternal death. METHODS: A retrospective study of hospital record to study maternal mortality and its causes over 3 years from January 2010 to December 2012. RESULTS: There were a total of 58 maternal deaths out of 2823 live births giving a maternal mortality ratio of 2054.55 per one lakh live births. Unbooked and late referrals account for 77.58% of maternal deaths. The majority of deaths around 75.86% were in 20-30 years age group. Haemorrhage was the commonest causes of death (24.12% followed by sepsis (18.96% and pregnancy induced hypertension 15.51% Anemia contributed to the most common indirect cause of maternal morality. CONCLUSION: Haemorrhage, sepsis and pregnancy induced hypertension including eclampsia were the direct major causes of death. Anaemia and cardiac diseases were other indirect causes of death.

  3. Stimulated emission from NV centres in diamond

    CERN Document Server

    Jeske, Jan; McGuinness, Liam P; Reineck, Philip; Johnson, Brett C; McCallum, Jeffrey C; Jelezko, Fedor; Volz, Thomas; Cole, Jared H; Gibson, Brant C; Greentree, Andrew D

    2016-01-01

    Stimulated emission is the process fundamental to laser operation, thereby producing coherent photon output. Despite negatively-charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV$^-$) centres being discussed as a potential laser medium since the 1980's, there have been no definitive observations of stimulated emission from ensembles of NV$^-$ to date. Reasons for this lack of demonstration include the short excited state lifetime and the occurrence of photo-ionisation to the neutral charge state by light around the zero-phonon line. Here we show both theoretical and experimental evidence for stimulated emission from NV$^-$ states using light in the phonon-sidebands. Our system uses a continuous wave pump laser at 532 nm and a pulsed stimulating laser that is swept across the phononic sidebands of the NV$^-$. Optimal stimulated emission is demonstrated in the vicinity of the three-phonon line at 700 nm. Furthermore, we show the transition from stimulated emission to photoionisation as the stimulating laser wavelength is reduced fro...

  4. Project for a renewable energy research centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Giachetta

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In Liguria, where sustainable approaches to the design, construction and management of buildings enjoy scant currency, the idea of a company from Milan (FERA s.r.l. setting up a research centre for studies into renewable energy resources, could well open up very interesting development opportunities.The project includes: environmental rehabilitation (restoration projects; strategies for the protection of water resources and waste management systems; passive and active solar systems (solar thermal and experiments with thermodynamic solar energy; hyperinsulation systems, passive cooling of buildings; use of natural materials; bio-climatic use of vegetation. The author describes the project content within the context of the multidisciplinary work that has gone into it.

  5. RARE DISEASES AND GENETIC DISCRIMINATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariela Yaneva – Deliverska

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Rare diseases are characterised by their low prevalence (less than 1/2,000 and their heterogeneity. They affect both children and adults anywhere in the world. From the medical perspective, rare diseases are characterised by the large number and broad diversity of disorders and symptoms that vary not only from disease to disease, but also within the same disease.Main characteristics of rare diseases include:· Rare diseases are often chronic, progressive, degenerative, and often life-threatening· Rare diseases are disabling: the quality of life of patients is often compromised by the lack or loss of autonomy· High level of pain and suffering for the patient and his/ her family · No existing effective cure· There are between 6000 and 8000 rare diseases· 75% of rare diseases affect children· 30% of rare disease patients die before the age of 5· 80% of rare diseases have identified genetic origins. Other rare diseases are the result of infections (bacterial or viral, allergies and environmental causes, or are degenerative and proliferative.Beyond the diversity of the diseases, rare disease patients and their families are confronted with the same wide range of difficulties arising directly from the rarity of these pathologies. The period between the emergence of the first symptoms and the appropriate diagnosis involves unacceptable and highly risky delays, as well as wrong diagnosis leading to inaccurate treatments. Living with a rare disease has implications in all areas of life, whether school, choice of future work, leisure time with friends, or affective life. It may lead to stigmatisation, isolation, exclusion from social community, discrimination for insurance subscription (health insurance, travel insurance, mortgage, and often reduced professional opportunities.Innovative treatments are often unevenly available in the EU because of delays in price determination and/or reimbursement decision, lack of experience of the treating

  6. Communications Centre Model in Insurance Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danijel Bara

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to define a communications centre model in an insurance company that essentially has two objectives. The first objective is focused on providing quality support with the sales process thereby creating a strategic advantage over the competition while the second objective is focused on improving the link between internal organizational units whose behaviour can often render decision-making at all levels difficult. The function of sales is fundamental for an insurance company. Whether an insurance company will fulfil its basic function, which is transfer of risk from the insured party to the insurer who agrees tonreimburse incidental damages to the damaged party and distribute them among all members of the risk group on the principles of reciprocity and solidarity, depends on successful sales and billing (Andrijašević & Petranović, 1999. For an insurance company to operate successfully in a demanding market, it is necessary to meet the needs of potential clients who then must be at the centre of all the activities of the insurer. A satisfied policy holder, who is respected by the insurer as a partner, is a guarantee that the sales of insurance services will be successful and that the insured party will come back to the same insurance company. In the era of globalization and all-pervading new technologies and modes of communication, policy holders need to be able to communicate with insurance company employees. Quality communication is a good foundation for a sales conversation. A fast flow of all types of information within an organisation using a single communication module makes decision-making at all levels quicker and easier.

  7. Bayesian analysis of rare events

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Straub, Daniel, E-mail: straub@tum.de; Papaioannou, Iason; Betz, Wolfgang

    2016-06-01

    In many areas of engineering and science there is an interest in predicting the probability of rare events, in particular in applications related to safety and security. Increasingly, such predictions are made through computer models of physical systems in an uncertainty quantification framework. Additionally, with advances in IT, monitoring and sensor technology, an increasing amount of data on the performance of the systems is collected. This data can be used to reduce uncertainty, improve the probability estimates and consequently enhance the management of rare events and associated risks. Bayesian analysis is the ideal method to include the data into the probabilistic model. It ensures a consistent probabilistic treatment of uncertainty, which is central in the prediction of rare events, where extrapolation from the domain of observation is common. We present a framework for performing Bayesian updating of rare event probabilities, termed BUS. It is based on a reinterpretation of the classical rejection-sampling approach to Bayesian analysis, which enables the use of established methods for estimating probabilities of rare events. By drawing upon these methods, the framework makes use of their computational efficiency. These methods include the First-Order Reliability Method (FORM), tailored importance sampling (IS) methods and Subset Simulation (SuS). In this contribution, we briefly review these methods in the context of the BUS framework and investigate their applicability to Bayesian analysis of rare events in different settings. We find that, for some applications, FORM can be highly efficient and is surprisingly accurate, enabling Bayesian analysis of rare events with just a few model evaluations. In a general setting, BUS implemented through IS and SuS is more robust and flexible.

  8. Collaborating at a distance: operations centres, tools, and trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gottschalk, Erik E.; /Fermilab

    2009-05-01

    Successful operation of the LHC and its experiments is crucial to the future of the worldwide high-energy physics program. Remote operations and monitoring centres have been established for the CMS experiment in several locations around the world. The development of remote centres began with the LHC{at}FNAL ROC and has evolved into a unified approach with distributed centres that are collectively referred to as 'CMS Centres Worldwide'. An overview of the development of remote centres for CMS will be presented, along with a synopsis of collaborative tools that are used in these centres today and trends in the development of remote operations capabilities for high-energy physics.

  9. A Rare Presentation of a Rare Disease: Pulmonary Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghulam Rehman Mohyuddin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A 70-year-old female presented with a 4-week history of dry cough and wheezing. Chest radiograph showed a 10.5 cm mass-like density in the anterior mediastinum which had not been previously visualized. Computed tomography scan (CT of the chest showed a right hilar mass encasing and narrowing right upper lobe bronchus and right mainstem bronchus and secondary atelectatic changes. Biopsy was consistent with a diagnosis of lymphomatoid granulomatosis Grade 3. She responded well clinically and radiologically to therapy. Lymphomatoid granulomatosis is a rare EBV-associated disorder which is considered a lymphoproliferative disease. The most common radiographic feature is multiple lung nodules. An isolated hilar mass is an exceptionally rare presentation of this rare disease.

  10. VIA Ageing and Dementia, Research Centre, VIA University College, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, Karen Pallesgaard; Maibom, Kirsten

    2016-01-01

    New research environments are evolving in Denmark. Following a legislative change in 2013, the conditions for research in University Colleges have been improved. University Colleges (professionshøjskoler) includes the undergraduate-level educations such as nursing, occupational therapy and physio...... and physiotherapy and related research centres. The article describes such a research centre, namely VIA Ageing and Dementia, Research Centre, VIA University College, Denmark....

  11. A rare metastasis from a rare brain tumour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabenhus, Kristine; Hahn, Christoffer Holst

    2014-01-01

    This case report presents the story of a patient with an oligodendroglioma metastasizing to the bone marrow and to lymph nodes of the neck. The patient had undergone primary brain surgery 13 years prior to the discovery of metastases and radiotherapy directed at the brain tumour two months prior........ Oligodendroglioma are rare primary brain tumours of which extraneural metastasis is even more rare. The incidence of cases like this may be increasing because of better treatment and thus longer survival of patients with oligodendroglioma....

  12. Crystal fields at light rare-earth ions in Y and Lu

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Touborg, P.; Nevald, Rolf; Johansson, Torben

    1978-01-01

    Crystal-field parameters have been deduced for the light rare-earth solutes Ce, Pr, and Nd in Y or Lu hosts from measurements of the paramagnetic susceptibilities. In the analysis all multiplets in the lowest LS term were included. For a given host, crystal-field parameters divided by Stevens...... on the pure metal, correctly explain the transition observed by neutron spectroscopy and the level crossing observed in a high-field experiment. A weighted average of B20 for cubic and hexagonal sites in Nd and Sm was obtained from the paramagnetic susceptibilities of these metals at high temperatures....

  13. Optical properties of zirconia doped with yttria and some rare earth oxides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haberko, Jakub; Trenczek-Zając, Anita; Zientara, Dariusz; Adamczyk, Anna; Haberko, Krzysztof; Bućko, Mirosław M.

    2016-10-01

    Nanometric powders of cubic zirconia stabilized with yttria and rare element oxides (Sm, Nd, Gd) were prepared by crystallization under hydrothermal conditions. The powders were uniaxially compacted, repressed isostatically, pressure-less sintered in oxygen atmosphere and hot isostatically pressed under 300 MPa Ar atmosphere. Fully dense samples were polished from both sides. The optical properties were analyzed based on the spectral dependence of the transmittance (T) and reflectance (R). Spectroscopic measurements have shown that all materials fabricated in the present work are highly transparent, with total transmission above 90% towards the long-wavelength end of the near-IR range of the spectrum. Discussion of these results will be given.

  14. Crystalline roof glazing - Westside shopping centre, Berne; Kristalline Dachverglasungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Enkerli, W.

    2009-07-01

    This illustrated article takes a look at the new shopping and leisure centre on the western outskirts of Berne, Switzerland. In particular, the roof of this unusual building over the motorway with its sloping walls and zig-zag design is looked at. The centre's shopping mall, adventure baths and spa, a multiplex cinema, an old peoples' home and a hotel are briefly discussed, as is the embedding of the centre in its suburban environment. The roof construction with its crystalline skylights is examined and discussed in detail. The centre's building technical services are also briefly commented on.

  15. Least square fitting of low resolution gamma ray spectra with cubic B-spline basis functions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Meng-Hua; LIU Liang-Gang; QI Dong-Xu; YOU Zhong; XU Ao-Ao

    2009-01-01

    In this paper,the least square fitting method with the cubic B-spline basis hmctioas is derived to reduce the influence of statistical fluctuations in the gamma ray spectra.The derived procedure is simple and automatic.The results show that this method is better than the convolution method with a sufficient reduction of statistical fluctuation.

  16. On an infinite sequence of invariant measures for the cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation

    OpenAIRE

    Peter E. Zhidkov

    2001-01-01

    We consider the Cauchy problem periodic in the spatial variable for the usual cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation and construct an infinite sequence of invariant measures associated with higher conservation laws for dynamical systems generated by this problem on appropriate phase spaces. In addition, we obtain sufficient conditions for the boundedness of the measures constructed.

  17. Body-centered cubic dissipative crystal formation in a dispersive and diffractive optical parametric oscillator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tlidi, M; Pieroux, D; Mandel, Paul

    2003-09-15

    We show that coupling diffraction and chromatic dispersion lead to body-centered cubic and hexagonally packed cylinders of dissipative optical crystals in a degenerate optical parametric oscillator. The stabilization of these crystals is a direct consequence of the interaction between the modulational and the quasi-neutral modes.

  18. Maximal independent set graph partitions for representations of body-centered cubic lattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Erleben, Kenny

    2009-01-01

    A maximal independent set graph data structure for a body-centered cubic lattice is presented. Refinement and coarsening operations are defined in terms of set-operations resulting in robust and easy implementation compared to a quad-tree-based implementation. The graph only stores information...

  19. Thermodynamic Functions for Body Centered Cubic Lattice- Application on Lattice Green's Function

    OpenAIRE

    Asad, J. H.

    2011-01-01

    Thermodynamic functions of ionic systems were evaluated analytically using the Green's Function for Body Centered Cubic Lattices. The free energy density, chemical potential, pressure, spinodals, and coulomb ionic potentials are expressed in terms of hyper geometric functions 3F2 and complete elliptic integrals

  20. Magnetic and thermodynamic properties of face-centered cubic Fe-Ni alloys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavrentiev, M Yu; Wróbel, J S; Nguyen-Manh, D; Dudarev, S L

    2014-08-14

    A model lattice ab initio parameterized Heisenberg-Landau magnetic cluster expansion Hamiltonian spanning a broad range of alloy compositions and a large variety of chemical and magnetic configurations has been developed for face-centered cubic Fe-Ni alloys. The thermodynamic and magnetic properties of the alloys are explored using configuration and magnetic Monte Carlo simulations over a temperature range extending well over 1000 K. The predicted face-centered cubic-body-centered cubic coexistence curve, the phase stability of ordered Fe3Ni, FeNi, and FeNi3 intermetallic compounds, and the predicted temperatures of magnetic transitions simulated as functions of alloy composition agree well with experimental observations. Simulations show that magnetic interactions stabilize the face-centered cubic phase of Fe-Ni alloys. Both the model Hamiltonian simulations and ab initio data exhibit a particularly large number of magnetic configurations in a relatively narrow range of alloy compositions corresponding to the occurrence of the Invar effect.