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Sample records for central venous catheters

  1. Central venous catheter - flushing

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... during cancer treatment Bone marrow transplant - discharge Central venous catheter - dressing change Peripherally inserted central catheter - flushing Sterile technique Surgical wound care - open Review Date 9/22/2016 Updated by: ...

  2. Central venous catheter - dressing change

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... during cancer treatment Bone marrow transplant - discharge Central venous catheter - flushing Peripherally inserted central catheter - flushing Sterile technique Surgical wound care - open Review Date 9/17/2016 Updated by: ...

  3. Central venous catheters and catheter locks in children with cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Handrup, Mette Møller; Møller, Jens Kjølseth; Schrøder, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    To determine if the catheter lock taurolidine can reduce the number of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in pediatric cancer patients with tunneled central venous catheters (CVC).......To determine if the catheter lock taurolidine can reduce the number of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in pediatric cancer patients with tunneled central venous catheters (CVC)....

  4. Infections associated with the central venous catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drasković, Biljana; Fabri, Izabella; Benka, Anna Uram; Rakić, Goran

    2014-01-01

    Central venous catheters are of an essential importance to critically ill patients who require long-term venous access for various purposes. Their use made the treatment much easier, but still they are not harmless and are prone to numerous complications. Catheter infections represent the most significant complication in their use. The frequency of infections varies in different patient care settings, but their appearance mostly depends on the patient's health condition, catheter insertion time, localization of the catheter and type of the used catheter. Since they are one of the leading causes of nosocomial infections and related to significant number of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units, it is very important that maximal aseptic precautions are taken during the insertion and the maintenance period. Prevention of infection of the central venous catheters demands several measures that should be applied routinely.

  5. Transpleural central venous catheter discovered during thoracotomy

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    Ashima Malhotra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We report an uncommon complication of subclavian central venous catheterization, discovered at thoracotomy. The central venous catheter (CVC was placed by left infraclavicular route after induction of general anesthesia. CVC was secured after aspiration of blood and satisfactory central venous tracing. On thoracotomy, CVC was noticed to traverse the pleural cavity while the tracing was normal. CVC was thus removed consequent to which bleeding from each puncture site was noticed, that were secured surgically.

  6. Central Venous Catheter-Related Hydrothorax

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    Se Hun Kim

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This report describes a case of 88-year-old women who developed central venous catheter-related bilateral hydrothorax, in which left pleural effusion, while right pleural effusion was being drained. The drainage prevented accumulation of fluid in the right pleural space, indicating that there was neither extravasation of infusion fluid nor connection between the two pleural cavities. The only explanation for bilateral hydrothorax in this case is lymphatic connections. Although vascular injuries by central venous catheter can cause catheter-related hydrothorax, it is most likely that the positioning of the tip of central venous catheter within the lymphatic duct opening in the right sub-clavian-jugular confluence or superior vena cava causes the catheter-related hydrothorax. Pericardial effusion can also result from retrograde lymphatic flow through the pulmonary lymphatic chains.

  7. Radiologic placement of tunneled central venous catheter

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    Hahn, Seong Tae; Yang, Po Song; Yang, Dong Hunn; Kim, Ki Tae; Kim, Choon Yul; Shinn, Kyung Sub [The Catholic Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Yun, Eun Joo [Korea Veterans Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-01-01

    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fluoroscopy-guided, radiologic placement of a tunneled central venous catheter into the superior vena cava (SVC). Thirty five patients underwent tunneled central venous catheter placement to facilitate long-term chemotherapy. They included 33 leukemic patients, one colon cancer patient, and one multiple myeloma patient. After confirming central venous patency with a injection of contrast media via the peripheral cephalic or basilic vein in the wrist joint, the subclavian vein was punctured under fluoroscopic guidance. A 7F double lumen TPN catheter was placed into the SVC through a subcutaneous tunnel in the anterior chest wall. Catheter placements were successful in all patients. The mean procedure time was 17.2minutes, mean fluooscopy time was 1.3minutes, mean number of punctures was 1.4, and mean volume of injhected contrast media was 43.5cc. Only two of all leukemic patients developed mild hematomas at the puncture site, but these soon resolved themselves. None of the patients developed pneumothorax or hemothorax. But late complications included local infection in two patients (6%) and thrombotic occlusion of the catheter in one (3%). The occluded catheter was successfully recanalized with Urokinase infusion. Fluoroscopy-guided, radiologic placement of a tunneled central venous catheter is an easy and safe method, and useful for patients requiring long-term venous access.

  8. Malfunctioning central venous catheters in children: a diagnostic approach

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    Barnacle, Alex; Arthurs, Owen J.; Roebuck, Derek; Hiorns, Melanie P. [Great Ormond Street Hospital, Radiology Department, London (United Kingdom)

    2008-04-15

    Central venous access is increasingly becoming the domain of the radiologist, both in terms of the insertion of central venous catheters (CVCs) and in the subsequent management of these lines. This article seeks to provide an overview of the CVC types available for paediatric patients and a more detailed explanation of the spectrum of complications that may lead to catheter malfunction. A standard catheter contrast study or 'linogram' technique is described. The normal appearances of such a study and a detailed pictorial review of abnormal catheter studies are provided, together with a brief overview of how information from catheter investigations can guide the management of catheter complications. (orig.)

  9. Central venous catheter placement: where is the tip?

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    Ibrahim, George M

    2012-09-01

    The insertion of central venous catheters is a common bedside procedure performed in intensive care units. Here, we present a case of an 82-year-old man who underwent insertion of a central venous catheter in the internal jugular vein without perceived complications. Postprocedural radiographs showed rostral migration of the catheter, and computed tomography performed coincidentally showed cannulation of the jugular bulb at the level of the jugular foramen. To our knowledge, this is the first report to document migration of a central venous catheter from the internal jugular vein into the dural sinuses, as confirmed by computed tomography. The case highlights the importance of acquiring postprocedural radiographs for all insertions of central venous catheters to confirm catheter placement.

  10. The Impact of Central Venous Catheters on Pediatric Venous Thromboembolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaffray, Julie; Bauman, Mary; Massicotte, Patti

    2017-01-01

    The use of central venous catheters (CVCs) in children is escalating, which is likely linked to the increased incidence of pediatric venous thromboembolism (VTE). In order to better understand the specific risk factors associated with CVC-VTE in children, as well as available prevention methods, a literature review was performed. The overall incidence of CVC-VTE was found to range from 0 to 74%, depending on the patient population, CVC type, imaging modality, and study design. Throughout the available literature, there was not a consistent determination regarding whether a particular type of central line (tunneled vs. non-tunneled vs. peripherally inserted vs. implanted), catheter material, insertion technique, or insertion location lead to an increased VTE risk. The patient populations who were found to be most at risk for CVC-VTE were those with cancer, congenital heart disease, gastrointestinal failure, systemic infection, intensive care unit admission, or involved in a trauma. Both mechanical and pharmacological prophylactic techniques have been shown to be successful in preventing VTE in adult patients, but studies in children have yet to be performed or are underpowered. In order to better determine true CVC-VTE risk factors and best preventative techniques, an increase in large, prospective pediatric trials needs to be performed.

  11. The Impact of Central Venous Catheters on Pediatric Venous Thromboembolism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaffray, Julie; Bauman, Mary; Massicotte, Patti

    2017-01-01

    The use of central venous catheters (CVCs) in children is escalating, which is likely linked to the increased incidence of pediatric venous thromboembolism (VTE). In order to better understand the specific risk factors associated with CVC-VTE in children, as well as available prevention methods, a literature review was performed. The overall incidence of CVC-VTE was found to range from 0 to 74%, depending on the patient population, CVC type, imaging modality, and study design. Throughout the available literature, there was not a consistent determination regarding whether a particular type of central line (tunneled vs. non-tunneled vs. peripherally inserted vs. implanted), catheter material, insertion technique, or insertion location lead to an increased VTE risk. The patient populations who were found to be most at risk for CVC-VTE were those with cancer, congenital heart disease, gastrointestinal failure, systemic infection, intensive care unit admission, or involved in a trauma. Both mechanical and pharmacological prophylactic techniques have been shown to be successful in preventing VTE in adult patients, but studies in children have yet to be performed or are underpowered. In order to better determine true CVC-VTE risk factors and best preventative techniques, an increase in large, prospective pediatric trials needs to be performed. PMID:28168186

  12. Repositioning of malpositioned or flipped central venous catheters

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    Thalhammer, A.; Jacobi, V.; Balzer, J.; Vogl, T.J. [Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Central Radiology Clinic, J.W. Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

    2002-03-01

    Primary misplaced or secondary flipped implanted catheters are located mostly in the right jugular vein. We demonstrate an effective method to replace fix implanted catheters such as Ports, Grochomg or Hickman catheters. Using a femoral venous approach, replacement into the superior vena cava can easily be done with a Sidewinder 1 catheter which is hooked over the misplaced central venous approach. In all our patients the method was successful. The repositioning technique described is simple, fast and has low costs. We can keep sterile conditions and do not need to solve the catheters' fixation. (orig.)

  13. Imaging of the complications of peripherally inserted central venous catheters

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    Amerasekera, S.S.H. [Department of Radiology, Good Hope Hospital, Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham (United Kingdom)], E-mail: steve.amerasekera@nhs.net; Jones, C.M.; Patel, R.; Cleasby, M.J. [Department of Radiology, Good Hope Hospital, Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham (United Kingdom)

    2009-08-15

    Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) are widely used to provide central venous access, often in chronically ill patients with long-term intravenous access requirements. There are a number of significant complications related to both insertion and maintenance of PICC lines, including catheter malposition, migration, venous thrombosis, and line fracture. The incidence of these complications is likely to rise as the number of patients undergoing intravenous outpatient therapy increases, with a corresponding rise in radiologist input. This paper provides an overview of the relevant peripheral and central venous anatomy, including anatomical variations, and outlines the complications of PICC lines. Imaging examples demonstrate the range of radiological findings seen in these complications.

  14. Imaging of the complications of peripherally inserted central venous catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amerasekera, S S H; Jones, C M; Patel, R; Cleasby, M J

    2009-08-01

    Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) are widely used to provide central venous access, often in chronically ill patients with long-term intravenous access requirements. There are a number of significant complications related to both insertion and maintenance of PICC lines, including catheter malposition, migration, venous thrombosis, and line fracture. The incidence of these complications is likely to rise as the number of patients undergoing intravenous outpatient therapy increases, with a corresponding rise in radiologist input. This paper provides an overview of the relevant peripheral and central venous anatomy, including anatomical variations, and outlines the complications of PICC lines. Imaging examples demonstrate the range of radiological findings seen in these complications.

  15. Radiologic Placement of Tunneled Central Venous Catheters in Pediatric Patients

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    Kim, Eun Ji; Song, Soon Young; Cho, On Koo; Koh, Byung Hee; Kim, Yong Soo; Jeong, Woo Kyoung; Lee, Yong Ho [Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-08-15

    We evaluated the technical success and complication rates associated with the radiological placement of tunneled central venous catheters in pediatric patients. Between May 1, 2005 and March 31, 2008, a total of 46 tunneled central venous catheters were placed in 34 children (M:F = 22:12; mean age, 9.9 years [9 months to 16.8 years]). All procedures were performed under ultrasonographic and fluoroscopic guidance. Follow-up data were obtained through the retrospective review of the medical records. We used the Kaplan-Meier survival method for the evaluation of survival rate of the catheters. All procedures were technically successful. The observed periprocedural complications included hematoma formation in three patients. The mean catheter life was 189.3 days (total, 8710 days; range, 7-810). Catheters were removed due to death (n=9), the end of treatment (n=8), catheter sepsis (n=4), malfunction (n=8), and accidental removal (n=4). The rate of catheter sepsis and malfunction was 0.459 and 0.919 for every 1000 catheter days, respectively. The expected mean catheter life was 479.6 days as per the Kaplan- Meier analysis. The results suggest that the radiologic placement of a tunneled central venous catheter is an effective technique with a high technical success rate and low complication rate.

  16. Radiographic signs of non-venous placement of intended central venous catheters in children

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    Taylor, Erin C. [Boston Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Taylor, George A. [Boston Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

    2016-02-15

    Central venous catheters (CVCs) are commonly used in children, and inadvertent arterial or extravascular cannulation is rare but has potentially serious complications. To identify the radiographic signs of arterial placement of CVCs. We retrospectively reviewed seven cases of arterially malpositioned CVCs on chest radiograph. These cases were identified through departmental quality-assurance mechanisms and external consultation. Comparison of arterial cases was made with 127 age-matched chest radiographs with CVCs in normal, expected venous location. On each anteroposterior (AP) radiograph we measured the distance of the catheter tip from the right lateral border of the thoracic spine, and the angle of the vertical portion of the catheter relative to the midline. On each lateral radiograph we measured the angle of the vertical portion of each catheter relative to the anterior border of the thoracic spine. When bilateral subclavian catheters were present, the catheter tips were described as crossed, overlapping or uncrossed. On AP radiographs, arterially placed CVCs were more curved to the left, with catheter tip positions located farther to the left of midline than normal venous CVCs. When bilateral, properly placed venous catheters were present, all catheters crossed at the level of the superior vena cava (SVC). When one of the bilateral catheters was in arterial position, neither of the catheters crossed or the inter-catheter crossover distance was exaggerated. On lateral radiographs, there was a marked anterior angulation of the vertical portion of the catheter (mean angle 37 ± 15 standard deviation [SD] in arterial catheters versus 5.9 ± 8.3 SD in normally placed venous catheters). Useful radiographic signs suggestive of unintentional arterial misplacement of vascular catheters include leftward curvature of the vertical portion of the catheter, left-side catheter tip position, lack of catheter crossover on the frontal radiograph, as well as exaggerated

  17. Implementation of a children's hospital-wide central venous catheter insertion and maintenance bundle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Helder MScN (Onno); R.F. Kornelisse (René); C. van der Starre (Cynthia); D. Tibboel (Dick); C.W.N. Looman (Caspar); R.M.H. Wijnen (René); M.J. Poley (Marten); E. Ista (Erwin)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections in children are an increasingly recognized serious safety problem worldwide, but are often preventable. Central venous catheter bundles have proved effective to prevent such infections. Successful implementation requir

  18. Comparison of complication rates between umbilical and peripherally inserted central venous catheters in newborns

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arnts, I.J.J.; Bullens, L.M.; Groenewoud, J.M.M.; Liem, K.D.

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the complication rates between umbilical central venous catheters and peripherally inserted central venous catheters in newborns and to investigate whether other variables might increase complication rates. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. SETTING: A Level III neona

  19. Impact of different catheter lock strategies on bacterial colonization of permanent central venous hemodialysis catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erb, Stefan; Widmer, Andreas F; Tschudin-Sutter, Sarah; Neff, Ursula; Fischer, Manuela; Dickenmann, Michael; Grosse, Philipp

    2013-12-01

    Thirty-nine hemodialysis patients with permanent central venous catheters were analyzed for bacterial catheter colonization comparing different catheter-lock strategies. The closed needleless Tego connector with sodium chloride lock solution was significantly more frequently colonized with bacteria than the standard catheter caps with antimicrobially active citrate lock solution (odds ratio, 0.22 [95% confidence interval, 0.07-0.71]; P = .011).

  20. Pneumothorax as a complication of central venous catheter insertion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsotsolis, Nikolaos; Tsirgogianni, Katerina; Kioumis, Ioannis; Pitsiou, Georgia; Baka, Sofia; Papaiwannou, Antonis; Karavergou, Anastasia; Rapti, Aggeliki; Trakada, Georgia; Katsikogiannis, Nikolaos; Tsakiridis, Kosmas; Karapantzos, Ilias; Karapantzou, Chrysanthi; Barbetakis, Nikos; Zissimopoulos, Athanasios; Kuhajda, Ivan; Andjelkovic, Dejan; Zarogoulidis, Konstantinos; Zarogoulidis, Paul

    2015-03-01

    The central venous catheter (CVC) is a catheter placed into a large vein in the neck [internal jugular vein (IJV)], chest (subclavian vein or axillary vein) or groin (femoral vein). There are several situations that require the insertion of a CVC mainly to administer medications or fluids, obtain blood tests (specifically the "central venous oxygen saturation"), and measure central venous pressure. CVC usually remain in place for a longer period of time than other venous access devices. There are situations according to the drug administration or length of stay of the catheter that specific systems are indicated such as; a Hickman line, a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line or a Port-a-Cath may be considered because of their smaller infection risk. Sterile technique is highly important here, as a line may serve as a port of entry for pathogenic organisms, and the line itself may become infected with organisms such as Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococci. In the current review we will present the complication of pneumothorax after CVC insertion.

  1. Knowledge of nursing students about central venous catheters

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    Mlinar Suzana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Central venous catheters (CVC are at the crucial importance, particulary in the intensive therapy units. In order to handle a CVC safely, nursing students need to acquire theoretical and practical knowledge during the course of their studies. The aim of the study was to establish theoretical knowledge of nursing students about the procedures of nurses in placing and removing a central venous catheter (CVC, dressing the catheter entry point, the reasons for measuring central venous pressure (CVP, possible complications and risk factors for developing infections related to CVC. Methods. The questionnaire developed specifically for this cross-sectionl study was handed out to 87 full-time students and 57 part-time students. Results. The results show that all the surveyed nursing students know why chest radiography is carried out when inserting a catheter, have relatively good knowledge of CVC insertion points, procedures carried out in case of a suspected catheter sepsis and complications and risk factors for the development of infections related to CVC. However, the study show that the majority of students have insufficient knowledge of the procedures accompanying insertion of a catheter, signs that indicate correct functioning of CVC, frequency of flushing a catheter when it is not in use and the reasons for introducing an implanted CVC. Conclusion. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the second-year nursing students have insufficient knowledge of CVC. In order to correctly and safely handle a CVC, good theoretical knowledge and relevant practical experience are needed. The authors therefore believe that, in future, the classes should be organized in smaller groups with step-by-step demonstrations of individual procedures in handling a CVC, and the students encouraged to learn as actively as possible.

  2. Catheter-directed Thrombolysis in Acute Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Caused by Central Venous Catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Jie; Kawai, Tasuo; Irani, Zubin

    2015-01-01

    Indwelling central venous catheters have been reported to increase the risk of superior venous cava (SVC) syndrome. This case report describes the development of acute SVC syndrome in a 28-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease implanted with a left-side hemodialysis reliable outflow graft and a right-side double lumen hemodialysis catheter via internal jugular veins. Her symptoms were not alleviated after catheter removal and systemic anticoagulation therapy. She was eventually treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis and a predischarge computer tomographic venogram on postthrombolytic procedure day 7 showed patent central veins and patient remained asymptomatic. This case demonstrates that catheter-directed thrombolysis can be safely employed to treat refractory catheter-induced acute SVC syndrome in end-stage renal disease patients.

  3. Hematologic patients' clinical and psychosocial experiences with implanted long-term central venous catheter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Tom; Adamsen, Lis

    2010-01-01

    A significant decrease in catheter-related infections was demonstrated in our earlier randomized controlled trial of central venous catheter (CVC) care in hematologic patients.......A significant decrease in catheter-related infections was demonstrated in our earlier randomized controlled trial of central venous catheter (CVC) care in hematologic patients....

  4. Central Venous Catheter Intravascular Malpositioning: Causes, Prevention, Diagnosis, and Correction.

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    Roldan, Carlos J; Paniagua, Linda

    2015-09-01

    Despite the level of skill of the operator and the use of ultrasound guidance, central venous catheter (CVC) placement can result in CVC malpositioning, an unintended placement of the catheter tip in an inadequate vessel. CVC malpositioning is not a complication of central line insertion; however, undiagnosed CVC malpositioning can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this review were to describe factors associated with intravascular malpositioning of CVCs inserted via the neck and chest and to offer ways of preventing, identifying, and correcting such malpositioning. A literature search of PubMed, Cochrane Library, and MD Consult was performed in June 2014. By searching for "Central line malposition" and then for "Central venous catheters intravascular malposition," we found 178 articles written in English. Of those, we found that 39 were relevant to our objectives and included them in our review. According to those articles, intravascular CVC malpositioning is associated with the presence of congenital and acquired anatomical variants, catheter insertion in left thoracic venous system, inappropriate bevel orientation upon needle insertion, and patient's body habitus variants. Although plain chest radiography is the standard imaging modality for confirming catheter tip location, signs and symptoms of CVC malpositioning even in presence of normal or inconclusive conventional radiography findings should prompt the use of additional diagnostic methods to confirm or rule out CVC malpositioning. With very few exceptions, the recommendation in cases of intravascular CVC malpositioning is to remove and relocate the catheter. Knowing the mechanisms of CVC malpositioning and how to prevent, identify, and correct CVC malpositioning could decrease harm to patients with this condition.

  5. Central Venous Catheter Intravascular Malpositioning: Causes, Prevention, Diagnosis, and Correction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos J. Roldan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Despite the level of skill of the operator and the use of ultrasound guidance, central venous catheter (CVC placement can result in CVC malpositioning, an unintended placement of the catheter tip in an inadequate vessel. CVC malpositioning is not a complication of central line insertion; however, undiagnosed CVC malpositioning can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this review were to describe factors associated with intravascular malpositioning of CVCs inserted via the neck and chest and to offer ways of preventing, identifying, and correcting such malpositioning. A literature search of PubMed, Cochrane Library, and MD Consult was performed in June 2014. By searching for “Central line malposition” and then for “Central venous catheters intravascular malposition,” we found 178 articles written in English. Of those, we found that 39 were relevant to our objectives and included them in our review. According to those articles, intravascular CVC malpositioning is associated with the presence of congenital and acquired anatomical variants, catheter insertion in left thoracic venous system, inappropriate bevel orientation upon needle insertion, and patient’s body habitus variants. Although plain chest radiography is the standard imaging modality for confirming catheter tip location, signs and symptoms of CVC malpositioning even in presence of normal or inconclusive conventional radiography findings should prompt the use of additional diagnostic methods to confirm or rule out CVC malpositioning. With very few exceptions, the recommendation in cases of intravascular CVC malpositioning is to remove and relocate the catheter. Knowing the mechanisms of CVC malpositioning and how to prevent, identify, and correct CVC malpositioning could decrease harm to patients with this condition.

  6. Effectiveness of different central venous catheters for catheter-related infections: a network meta-analysis.

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    Wang, H; Huang, T; Jing, J; Jin, J; Wang, P; Yang, M; Cui, W; Zheng, Y; Shen, H

    2010-09-01

    We aimed to compare the effectiveness of various catheters for prevention of catheter-related infection and to evaluate whether specific catheters are superior to others for reducing catheter-related infections. We identified randomised, controlled trials that compared different types of central venous catheter (CVC), evaluating catheter-related infections in a systematic search of articles published from January 1996 to November 2009 via Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Network meta-analysis with a mixed treatment comparison method using Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation was used to combine direct within-trial, between-treatment comparisons with indirect trial evidence. Forty-eight clinical trials (12 828 CVCs) investigating 10 intervention catheters contributed to the analyses. For prevention of CVC colonisation, adjusted silver iontophoretic catheters (odds ratio: 0.58; 95% confidence interval: 0.33-0.95), chlorhexidine and silver sulfadiazine catheters (0.49; 0.36-0.64), chlorhexidine and silver sulfadiazine blue plus catheters (0.37; 0.17-0.69), minocycline-rifampicin catheters (0.28; 0.17-0.43) and miconazole-rifampicin catheters (0.11; 0.02-0.33) were associated with a significantly lower rate of catheter colonisation compared with standard catheters. For prevention of CRBSI, adjusted heparin-bonded catheters (0.20; 0.06-0.44) and minocycline-rifampicin catheters (0.18; 0.08-0.34) were associated with a significantly lower rate of CRBSI with standard catheters. Rifampicin-based impregnated catheters seem to be better for prevention of catheter-related infection compared with the other catheters.

  7. Spontaneous migration of central venous catheter tip following extubation

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    Balaji Prabaharan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Migration of the tip of central venous catheters is not an uncommon event and the mechanism for this is not clear. Increased intrathoracic pressure due to coughing, sneezing or weight lifting, changing the body position or physical movements such as abduction or adduction of the arms is thought to be the cause of such migration. We present here a case of a patient with a port catheter tip that migrated from the left subclavian to the superior vene cava following extubation.

  8. Misplaced central venous catheters: applied anatomy and practical management.

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    Gibson, F; Bodenham, A

    2013-03-01

    Large numbers of central venous catheters (CVCs) are placed each year and misplacement occurs frequently. This review outlines the normal and abnormal anatomy of the central veins in relation to the placement of CVCs. An understanding of normal and variant anatomy enables identification of congenital and acquired abnormalities. Embryological variations such as a persistent left-sided superior vena cava are often diagnosed incidentally only after placement of a CVC, which is seen to take an abnormal course on X-ray. Acquired abnormalities such as stenosis or thrombosis of the central veins can be problematic and can present as a failure to pass a guidewire or catheter or complications after such attempts. Catheters can also be misplaced outside veins in a patient with otherwise normal anatomy with potentially disastrous consequences. We discuss the possible management options for these patients including the various imaging techniques used to verify correct or incorrect catheter placement and the limitations of each. If the course of a misplaced catheter can be correctly identified as not lying within a vulnerable structure then it can be safely removed. If the misplaced catheter is lying within or traversing large and incompressible arteries or veins, it should not be removed before consideration of what is likely to happen when it is removed. Advice and further imaging should be sought, typically in conjunction with interventional radiology or vascular surgery. With regard to misplaced CVCs, in the short term, a useful aide memoir is: 'if in doubt, don't take it out'.

  9. The Ultrasound-Only Central Venous Catheter Placement and Confirmation Procedure.

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    Saul, Turandot; Doctor, Michael; Kaban, Nicole L; Avitabile, Nicholas C; Siadecki, Sebastian D; Lewiss, Resa E

    2015-07-01

    The placement of a central venous catheter remains an important intervention in the care of critically ill patients in the emergency department. We propose an ultrasound-first protocol for 3 aspects of central venous catheter placement above the diaphragm: dynamic procedural guidance, evaluation for pneumothorax, and confirmation of the catheter tip location.

  10. Central venous catheters: detection of catheter complications and therapeutical options; Zentralvenoese Katheter: Diagnostik von Komplikationen und therapeutische Optionen

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    Gebauer, B.; Beck, A. [Universitaetsmedizin Charite, Berlin (Germany). Klinik fuer Strahlenheilkunde; Wagner, H.J. [Vivantes-Kliniken, Friedrichshain und Am Urban, Berlin (Germany). Radiologie; Vivantes-Kliniken, Hellersdorf und Prenzlauer Berg (Germany). Radiologie

    2008-06-15

    For modern medicine central venous catheters play an important role for diagnostic and therapeutic options. Catheter implantation, complication detection and therapy of catheter complications are an increasing demand for the radiologist. The review article provides an overview of different catheter types, their indications, advantages and disadvantages. Catheter malpositions are usually detectable in conventional X-ray. Most malpositions are correctable using interventional-radiological techniques. In addition therapeutical options for thrombotic complications (venous thrombosis, catheter occlusion, fibrin sheath) are discussed. In case of an infectious catheter complication, usually a catheter extraction and re-implantation is necessary.

  11. Using central venous catheter for suprapubic catheterization in cardiac surgery

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    Bilehjani E

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Eissa Bilehjani,1 Solmaz Fakhari2 1Department of Cardiovascular Anesthesia, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Madani Heart Hospital, 2Department of Anesthesiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Madani Heart Hospital, Tabriz, Iran Abstract: Suprapubic catheterization is an alternative method for urinary drainage that is used when transurethral catheterization fails. Traditionally, inserted large-bore suprapubic catheters may cause fatal complications. During the past decade, we used a small central venous catheter (CVC suprapubicly in 16 male patients for the purpose of urinary drainage, when transurethral catheterization failed. The procedure is performed in no more than 10 minutes. Success rate was 100% and this approach did not lead to any complications. In conclusion, placing a CVC for suprapubic drainage is a safe method with a high success rate and we recommend it in patients with failed transurethral catheterization after a few attempts (2–3 attempts. Keywords: suprapubic catheterization complication, urethral catheterization, central venous catheter, Seldinger’s technique, cardiac surgery

  12. Heparin Leakage in Central Venous Catheters by Hemodynamic Transport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbour, Michael; McGah, Patrick; Gow, Kenneth; Aliseda, Alberto

    2014-11-01

    Central venous catheters (CVCs), placed in the superior vena cava for hemodialysis, are routinely filled with heparin, an anticoagulant, while not in use to maintain patency and prevent thrombus formation at the catheter tip. However, the heparin-lock procedure places the patient at risk for systemic bleeding incidences, as heparin is known to leak into the blood stream. We propose that the driving mechanism behind heparin leakage is advective-diffusive transport due to the pulsatile blood flow surrounding the catheter tip. This novel hypothesis is based on Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) measurements of heparin transport from a CVC placed inside an in vitro pulsatile flow loop and validated with CFD simulations. The results show an initial, fast (catheter lumen, where concentration is still high, that is insufficient at replenishing the lost heparin at the tip. These results, which estimate leakage rates consistent with published in vivo data, predict that the concentration of heparin at the catheter tip is effectively zero for the majority of the interdialytic phase, rendering the heparin lock ineffective.

  13. Risk factors for the appearance of central venous catheters colonization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mioljević Vesna

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction/Aim. Intravascular device placement (IVD is a part of everyday medical practice, however, its application is associated with a high risk of onset of nosocomial infections (NI and increased mortality and morbidity. Nosocomial blood infections (NBIs account for 10% of all the registered NI. NBIs are more frequent in patients with a placed IVD and it present an important risk factor for the onset of NBI, i.e. catheter-associated NBIs (CANBIs. Pathogenesis of CANBIs is complex and conditioned by the presence of different characteristics related to a catheter, patient and a specific causative organism. The most common CRBSI causes include coagulase-negative staphylococcus, S. aureus, Enterobacter spp, Candida spp, Klebsiella spp, Pseudomonas spp. and Enterococcus spp. Methods. All the patients hospitalized at the Intensive Care Department of the Clinic of Digestive Diseases over the period January 1, 2004-September 1, 2004 were retrospectively analyzed. The study included 107 patients in whom central venous catheter (CVC was placed for more than 48 h. All the causes isolated from a CVC segment were recorded. Culture, isolation and identification of the causative organisms were performed using standard microbiological methods in the Bacteriological Laboratory within the Emergency Center, Clinical Center of Serbia. Catheter segment samples (tip of the CVC 3-5 cm long were analyzed. Based on the insight into medical documentation, patients’ examination and medical staff interview, catheter and patient-related characteristics were recorded. Results. A total of 107 CVCs were analyzed, out of which 56 (52% were sterile while 51 (48% were colonized. The results of our study evidenced that total parenteral nutrition (TPN (p < 0.05, number of catheterization days (p < 0.05, and central venous pressure measurement (p < 0.05 were significantly associated with CVC colonization. In this study, no statistically significant difference in catheter

  14. A new modified Seldinger technique for 2- and 3-French peripherally inserted central venous catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wald, Martin; Happel, Christoph M; Kirchner, Lieselotte; Jeitler, Valerie; Sasse, Michael; Wessel, Armin

    2008-11-01

    This study describes a modified Seldinger technique for 2- and 3-French peripherally inserted central venous catheters: A device similar to that used in heart catherisation with a standard micro-introducer serving as sheath and an arterial catheter serving as inner dilator was pushed forward over a wire guide that had before been inserted via a peripheral venous catheter. With this method 2-and 3-French catheters could be safely inserted into peripheral veins of 14 paediatric patients. In conclusion successful insertion of a small peripheral venous catheter offers in most cases a possibility for the placement of a central venous line.

  15. [Neonatology nurses' knowledge about Peripherally Inserted Central Venous Catheter].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belo, Marcela Patricia Macêdo; Silva, Roberta Albuquerque Mello de Castro; Nogueira, Isis Larissa Maia; Mizoguti, Daniele Pereira; Ventura, Claudiane Maria Urbano

    2012-01-01

    The Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC) has been used as a safe venous access for infants at risk. The aim of this study was to describe the knowledge and practice of nurses from the five public Neonatal Intensive Care Units, of Recife-PE, Brazil, about the use of the PICC. The sample was comprised by 52 nurses; data were collected from January to February/2010. It was found that 64,8% of nurses did not have license for insertion of the PICC. Only two units routinely used the PICC. About the indication of the access, the accuracy was above 70%. In unit B only 8,3% of nurses reported adequate initial location of the catheter tip. It was concluded that is necessary greater incentives to train nurses to use the PICC.

  16. Malposition of a Peripherally Inserted Central Venous Catheter in the Graft Hepatic Vein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ersoy, Zeynep; Araz, Coşkun; Taşkın, Duygu; Moray, Gökhan; Torgay, Adnan

    2015-11-01

    Central venous catheters are used for delivering medications and parenteral nutrition, measuring hemodynamic variations, and providing long-term intravenous access. In our clinic, during liver transection using a living-liver donor, peripherally inserted central venous catheters are generally preferred because they involve a less invasive technique with a lower risk of complications. In this report, we present the case of a 36-year-old male liver donor into whom we peripherally inserted a central venous catheter from his left basilic vein. After transecting the hepatic vein, the surgeon found foreign material inside the venous lumen, which turned out to be the distal segment of the catheter.

  17. Central venous catheter (CVC) removal for patients of all ages with candidaemia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Janum, Susanne; Afshari, Arash

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Candida bloodstream infections most often affect those already suffering serious, potentially life-threatening conditions and often cause significant morbidity and mortality. Most affected persons have a central venous catheter (CVC) in place. The best CVC management in these cases has...... conclusions. At this stage, RCTs have provided no evidence to support the benefit of early or late catheter removal for survival or other important outcomes among patients with candidaemia; no evidence with regards to assessment of harm or benefit with prompt central venous catheter removal and subsequent re......-insertion of new catheters to continue treatment; and no evidence on optimal timing of insertion of a new central venous catheter....

  18. Hemodynamics of Central Venous Catheters: experiments and simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbour, Michael; McGah, Patrick; Clark, Alicia; Ng, Chin Hei; Gow, Kenneth; Aliseda, Alberto

    2013-11-01

    Central venous catheters (CVC) are used to provide vascular access during hemodialysis in patients with end-stage kidney disease. Despite several advantages and widespread use, CVCs have a high incidence rate of clot formation during the interdialytic phase (48 hrs). In an attempt the prevent clot formation, hospitals routinely administer heparin, an anticoagulant, into the catheter after a dialysis session. It has been reported, however, that up to 40% of the heparin solution will leak into the blood stream during the interdialytic phase, placing the patient at risk for systemic bleeding incidences. The aim of this study is to determine the role that advective-diffusive transport plays in the heparin leaking process. Numerical simulations of heparin convective mass transfer have been conducted, showing that while advective losses may be significant at the tip, previous studies may be overestimating the total amount of heparin leakage. To validate the quantitative prediction from the simulations, P.L.I.F. is used to experimentally measure heparin transport from CVCs placed in an idealized Superior Vena Cava with physically accurate pulsatile flow conditions. Improved understanding of flow near the catheter tip is applied to improve catheter design and heparin locking procedures.

  19. Care of central venous catheters in Intensive Care Unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomai Kollia

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Central venous catheters (CVC are part of daily clinical practice, regarding treatment of critically ill patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU. Infections associated with CVC, are a serious cause of morbidity and mortality, thus making as a demanding need the adoption of clinical protocols for the care in ICU. Aim: The aim of this review was to explore the nursing care to prevent CVC’s infections in ICU. Method and material: The methodology followed included reviews and research studies. The studies were carried out during the period 2000-2014 and were drawn from foreign electronic databases (Pubmed, Medline, Cochrane and Greek (Iatrotek, on the nursing care of CVC, in the ICU to prevent infections. Results: The literature review showed that the right choice of dressings on the point of entry, the antiseptic treatment solution, the time for replacement infusion sets, the flushing of central venous catheter, the hand disinfection and finally the training of nursing staff, are the key points to prevent CVC’s infections in ICU. Conclusions: Education and compliance of nurses regarding the instructions of CVC's care, are the gold standard in the prevention of infections.

  20. Life-threatening vascular complications after central venous catheter placement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wicky, S.; Meuwly, J.-Y.; Doenz, F.; Uske, A.; Schnyder, P.; Denys, A. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2002-04-01

    The purpose of this retrospective study was to report 11 cases of severe vascular complications after central venous catheter misplacement. For each patient, data collection included body mass index, the diagnosis at admission, the site of the procedure, the type of catheter, coagulation parameters, the imaging modalities performed and the applied treatment. Eight patients had a lesion of the subclavian artery. Brachiocephalic vein perforations were assessed in three more patients. All patients had a chest roentgenogram after the procedure, six a CT examination, and four an angiographic procedure. Seven patients had a body mass index above 30, and 5 patients had coagulation disorders prior to the procedure. Seven patients were conservatively managed, 2 patients died despite resuscitation, 1 patient was treated with a stent graft, and one by superselective embolization. Subclavian or jugular vein temporary catheter positioning is a practical approach. Identification of any iatrogenic perforation of the subclavian artery or central veins urges obtainment a chest roentgenogram and, when required, a chest CT, selective angiograms or venograms. Body mass index superior to 30, previous unsuccessful catheterization attempts, and coagulation factor depletion seemed to account for risk factors. Recognition of clinical and radiological complications is mandatory. (orig.)

  1. Accidental placement of central venous catheter in lung parenchyma causing hydrothorax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivek Badada

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Central venous catheterization is associated with its share of complications. Most of these complications can be avoided and treated by appropriate patient selection, careful insertion technique and vigilance following catheter insertion. We report a patient presenting with unilateral hydrothorax due malposition of central venous catheter in lung parenchyma. Prompt recognition of complication and its treatment remedied the situation.

  2. Adjacent central venous catheters can result in immediate aspiration of infused drugs during renal replacement therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kam, K Y R; Mari, J M; Wigmore, T J

    2012-02-01

    Dual-lumen haemodiafiltration catheters enable continuous renal replacement therapy in the critically ill and are often co-located with central venous catheters used to infuse drugs. The extent to which infusions are immediately aspirated by an adjacent haemodiafiltration catheter remains unknown. A bench model was constructed to evaluate this effect. A central venous catheter and a haemodiafiltration catheter were inserted into a simulated central vein and flow generated using centrifugal pumps within the simulated vein and haemodiafiltration circuit. Ink was used as a visual tracer and creatinine solution as a quantifiable tracer. Tracers were completely aspirated by the haemodiafiltration catheter unless the infusion was at least 1 cm downstream to the arterial port. No tracer was aspirated from catheters infusing at least 2 cm downstream. Orientation of side ports did not affect tracer elimination. Co-location of central venous and haemodiafiltration catheters may lead to complete aspiration of infusions into the haemodiafilter with resultant drug under-dosing.

  3. Stenting of the Superior Vena Cava and Left Brachiocephalic Vein with Preserving the Central Venous Catheter in Situ

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isfort, Peter; Penzkofer, Tobias; Goerg, Fabian; Mahnken, Andreas H. [University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Aachen(Korea, Republic of)

    2011-10-15

    Stenting of the central veins is well established for treating localized venous stenosis. The techniques regarding catheter preservation for central venous catheters in the superior vena cava have been described. We describe here a method for stent implantation in the superior vena cava and the left brachiocephalic vein, and principally via a single jugular venous puncture, while saving a left sided jugular central venous catheter in a patient suffering from central venous stenosis of the superior vena cava and the left brachiocephalic vein.

  4. Central venous catheter insertion problem solving using intravenous catheter: technical communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alemohammad M

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Insertion of central venous catheter is an accepted method for hemodynamic monitor-ring, drug and fluid administration, intravenous access, hemodialysis and applying cardiac pace-maker in hospitalized patients. This procedure can be associated with severe complications. The aim of this article is to provide a practical approach to prevent catheter malposition in states that the guide wire will not pass freely.During central venous insertion in internal jugular vein using modified seldinger technique, when after venous insertion, the passage of the guide wire shows difficulties and don’t pass freely, insertion of an intravenous cannula over the wire and re-insertion of the wire can help to prevent malposition of the wire and the catheter. Use of an intravenous cannula over the guide, in situations that the guide wire cannot pass freely among the needle inserted in internal jugular vein, and re-insertion of the guide can probably prevent or reduce the tissue or vascular trauma and the associated complica-tions. This simple maneuver can be helpful in difficult cases especially in cardiac surgery patients who receive high dose heparin and it is necessary to avoid traumatize-tion of carotid artery.

  5. Radiologic placement of hemodialysis central venous catheters: a practical guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schemmer, D.; Sadler, D.J.; Gray, R.R.; Saliken, J.C.; So, C.B. [Foothills Hospital, Dept. of Diagnostic Imaging, Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

    2001-04-01

    Typical indications for central venous catheters (CVCs) are hemodialysis (HD), apheresis, total parenteral nutrition, analgesia, chemotherapy, long-term antibiotic therapy and cases of difficult or absent peripheral venous access. One of the largest medical services requesting CVC insertion is nephrology for HD patients. Demographics dictate that the demand for CVCs will continue to grow over the next few decades, placing striking demands on interventional radiology departments. In our centre, interventional radiologists now place nearly all percutaneously inserted HD CVCs. Radiologists provide rapid access to CVC services with significantly fewer complications than CVCs placed by other clinicians. With the demand for CVC management increasing and available operating room time decreasing, many clinicians now refer CVC insertions to radiologists. As well, clinicians who ordinarily place their own lines often refer high-risk patients, such as those who are obese or uncooperative and those with burns or coagulopathy. Our experience, derived from over 7000 CVC insertions, manipulations and removals, has allowed us to continually progress and improve our techniques, many of which are summarized here. (author)

  6. Placing of tunneled central venous catheters prior to induction chemotherapy in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Handrup, Mette Møller; Møller, Jens Kjølseth; Frydenberg, Morten

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Tunneled central venous catheters (CVCs) are inevitable in children with acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL). The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of CVC-related complications in children with ALL in relation to timing of catheter placement and type of catheter. PROCEDURE: All chi...

  7. Interventional radiologic placement of tunneled central venous catheters : results and complications in 557 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Chan Kyo; Do, Young Soo; Paik, Chul H. [Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan Univ. School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] (and others)

    1999-05-01

    To evaluate prospectively the results of interventional radiologic placement of tunneled central venous catheters, and subsequent complications. Between April 1997 and April 1998, a total of 557 tunneled central venous catheters were percutaneously placed in 517 consecutive patients in an interventional radiology suite. The indications were chemotherapy in 533 cases, total parenteral nutrition in 23 and transfusion in one. Complications were evaluated prospectively by means of a chart review, chest radiography, central vein angiography and blood/catheter culture. The technical success rate for tunneled central venous catheter placement was 100% (557/557 cases). The duration of catheter placement ranged from 4 to 356 (mean, 112{+-}4.6) days; Hickman catheters were removed in 252 cases during follow-up. Early complications included 3 cases of pneumothorax(0.5%), 4 cases of local bleeding/hematoma(0.7%), 2 cases of primary malposition(0.4%), and 1 case of catheter leakage(0.2%). Late complications included 42 cases of catheter-related infection(7.5%), 40 cases of venous thrombosis (7.2%), 18 cases of migration (3.2%), 5 cases of catheter / pericatheter of occlusion(0.8%), and 1 case of pseudoaneurysm(0.2%). The infection rate and thrombosis rate per 1000 days were 1.57 and 1.50, respectively. The technical success rate of interventional radiologic placement of tunneled central venous catheters was high. In comparison to conventional surgical placement, it is a more reliable method and leads to fewer complications.

  8. Central Venous Catheter-Related Tachycardia in the Newborn: Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aya Amer

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Central venous access is an important aspect of neonatal intensive care management. Malpositioned central catheters have been reported to induce cardiac tachyarrhythmia in adult populations and there are case reports within the neonatal population. We present a case of a preterm neonate with a preexisting umbilical venous catheter (UVC, who then developed a supraventricular tachycardia (SVT. This was initially treated with intravenous adenosine with transient reversion. Catheter migration was subsequently detected, with the UVC tip located within the heart. Upon withdrawal of the UVC and a final dose of adenosine, the arrhythmia permanently resolved. Our literature review confirms that tachyarrhythmia is a rare but recognised neonatal complication of malpositioned central venous catheters. We recommend the immediate investigation of central catheter position when managing neonatal tachyarrhythmia, as catheter repositioning is an essential aspect of management.

  9. Central Venous Catheter-Related Tachycardia in the Newborn: Case Report and Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amer, Aya; Broadbent, Roland S.; Edmonds, Liza

    2016-01-01

    Central venous access is an important aspect of neonatal intensive care management. Malpositioned central catheters have been reported to induce cardiac tachyarrhythmia in adult populations and there are case reports within the neonatal population. We present a case of a preterm neonate with a preexisting umbilical venous catheter (UVC), who then developed a supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). This was initially treated with intravenous adenosine with transient reversion. Catheter migration was subsequently detected, with the UVC tip located within the heart. Upon withdrawal of the UVC and a final dose of adenosine, the arrhythmia permanently resolved. Our literature review confirms that tachyarrhythmia is a rare but recognised neonatal complication of malpositioned central venous catheters. We recommend the immediate investigation of central catheter position when managing neonatal tachyarrhythmia, as catheter repositioning is an essential aspect of management. PMID:28058050

  10. Distance of the internal central venous catheter tip from the right atrium is positively correlated with central venous thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballard, David H; Samra, Navdeep S; Gifford, Karen Mathiesen; Roller, Robert; Wolfe, Bruce M; Owings, John T

    2016-06-01

    Central venous catheters (CVCs) are associated with occlusive, infectious, and thrombotic complications. The aim of this study was to determine if internal CVC tip position was correlated with subsequent complications. This was an institutional review board approved single-center retrospective review of 169 consecutive patients who underwent placement of 203 semipermanent CVCs. Using post-placement chest X-rays, a de novo scale of internal catheter tip position was developed. Major complications were recorded. A logistic regression analysis was used to determine if catheter tip position predicted subsequent complications. There were 78 men and 91 women with a mean age of 48 ± 11 years. There were 21 catheter tips placed in the subclavian/innominate veins, 32 in the upper superior vena cava, 113 in the atriocaval junction, and 37 in the right atrium. There were 83 complications occurring in 61 (36.1 %) patients, including sepsis in 40 (23.7 %), venous thrombosis in 18 (10.7 %), catheter occlusion in 16 (9.5 %), internal catheter repositioning in 6 (3.6 %), pneumothorax in 2 (1.2 %), and death in 1 (0.6 %). An internal catheter tip position peripheral to the atriocaval junction resulted in a catheter that was more likely to undergo internal repositioning (p venous thrombosis (p catheters were more likely to develop sepsis (45 %) than patients whose catheters were inserted through the upper extremity veins (18 %) (p catheter-associated morbidity and potentially mortality, the internal catheter tip should be positioned at the atriocaval junction or within the right atrium and femoral insertion sites should be avoided whenever possible.

  11. JUGULAR CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETER PLACEMENT THROUGH A MODIFIED SELDINGER TECHNIQUE FOR LONG-TERM VENOUS ACCESS IN CHELONIANS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardo, Mariana A; Divers, Stephen

    2016-03-01

    Long-term or repeated venous access in chelonians is difficult to obtain and manage, but can be critically important for administration of medications and blood sampling in hospitalized patients. Jugular catheterization provides the most rapid and secure route for vascular access, but catheters can be difficult to place, and maintaining catheter patency may be challenging. Long multilumen polyurethane catheters provide flexibility and sampling access, and minimize difficulties, such as catheter displacement, that have been encountered with traditional over-the-needle catheters. We describe placement of 4 Fr. 13-cm polyurethane catheters in three chelonians with the use of a modified Seldinger technique. Venous access was obtained with the use of an over-the-needle catheter, which allowed placement of a 0.018-in.-diameter wire, over which the polyurethane catheter was placed. Indwelling time has ranged between 1 and 4 mo currently. All tortoises were sedated for this procedure. Polyurethane central catheters provide safe, long-term venous access that allows clinicians to perform serial blood sampling as well as intravenous administration of medications, anesthetic agents, and fluids. A jugular catheter can also allow central venous pressure measurement. Utilization of central line catheters was associated with improvements in diagnostic efficiency and therapeutic case management, with minimal risks and complications.

  12. [Right ventricular perforation and cardiac tamponade caused by a central venous catheter].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukuda, H; Kasuda, H; Shimizu, R

    1993-02-01

    A 5 year old girl with ASD was scheduled for open heart surgery. A central venous catheter was placed via the right infraclavicular vein after induction of anesthesia. Thirty minutes after insertion of the catheter, a decrease in arterial pressure and pulse pressure, an increase in heart rate and central venous pressure were observed. Cardiac tamponade was revealed by rapid opening of the chest. Gushing blood out of a hole in the right ventricular free wall was confirmed by pericardiotomy. The hemodynamics were stabilized by blood transfusion and surgical closure of the hole on the ventricle. This perforation was thought to be caused by careless insertion of a relatively stiff central venous catheter.

  13. Management Of Fever And Suspected Infection In Pediatric Patients With Central Venous Catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, Courtney; Wang, Vincent J

    2015-12-01

    The use of indwelling central venous catheters is essential for pediatric patients who require hemodialysis, parenteral nutrition, chemotherapy, or other medications. Fever is a common chief complaint in the emergency department, and fever in a patient with a central venous catheter may be related to a common cause of fever, or it may be due to a catheter-associated bloodstream infection. Catheter-associated bloodstream infections may also lead to additional complications such as sepsis, septic shock, or septic complications including suppurative thrombophlebitis, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, septic emboli, and abscesses. Early resuscitation as well as timely and appropriate antibiotic therapy have been shown to improve outcomes. This issue focuses on the approach to fever in pediatric patients with central venous catheters and the management and disposition of patients with possible catheter-associated bloodstream infections.

  14. Durability of central venous catheters. A randomized trial in children with malignant diseases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henneberg, S W; Jungersen, D; Hole, P

    1996-01-01

    In a prospective randomized study the durability of tunnelled and non-tunnelled central venous catheters was investigated in children with malignant diseases. Twenty children were included in the study but four (two in each group) had to be excluded; three because the entry criteria turned out......, respectively. In conclusion cuffed, tunnelled central venous catheters are less prone to displacement than traditional percutaneous central venous catheters when used in children with malignant diseases....... not to be fulfilled and one because of lack of data. The median duration of the tunnelled catheters was 224 days with a range of 25-846 days which was significantly longer than that of conventional catheters (39.5 days, range 9-228 days). In addition six of eight conventional catheters were accidentally removed...

  15. Risk factors for venous thrombosis associated with peripherally inserted central venous catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Longfang; Zhao, Qianru; Yang, Xiangmei

    2014-01-01

    To evaluate the risk factors associated with an increased risk of symptomatic peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC)-related venous thrombosis. Retrospective analyses identified 2313 patients who received PICCs from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2013. All 11 patients with symptomatic PICC-related venous thrombosis (thrombosis group) and 148 who did not have thromboses (non-thrombosis group) were selected randomly. The medical information of 159 patients (age, body mass index (BMI), diagnosis, smoking history, nutritional risk score, platelet count, leucocyte count as well as levels of D-dimer, fibrinogen, and degradation products of fibrin) were collected. Logistic regression analysis was undertaken to determine the risk factors for thrombosis. Of 2313 patients, 11 (0.47%) were found to have symptomatic PICC-related venous thrombosis by color Doppler ultrasound. Being bedridden for a long time (odds ratio [(OR]), 17.774; P=0.0017), D-dimer >5 mg/L (36.651; 0.0025) and suffering from one comorbidity (8.39; 0.0265) or more comorbidities (13.705; 0.0083) were the major risk factors for PICC-catheter related venous thrombosis by stepwise logistic regression analysis. Among 159 patients, the prevalence of PICC-associated venous thrombosis in those with ≥1 risk factor was 10.34% (12/116), in those with ≥2 risk factors was 20.41% (10/49), and in those with >3 risk factors was 26.67% (4/15). Being bedridden >72 h, having increased levels of D-dimer (>5 mg/L) and suffering from comorbidities were independent risk factors of PICC-related venous thrombosis.

  16. Thrombotic and infectious complications of central venous catheters in patients with hematological malignancies.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boersma, R.S.; Jie, K.S.; Verbon, A.; Pampus, EC van; Schouten, H.C.

    2008-01-01

    Central venous catheters (CVCs) have considerably improved the management of patients with hematological malignancies, by facilitating chemotherapy, supportive therapy and blood sampling. Complications of insertion of CVCs include mechanical (arterial puncture, pneumothorax), thrombotic and infectio

  17. A Rare And Life Threatening Complication Of Percutaneously Inserted Central Venous Catheters: Cardiac Tamponade.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    seyma Kayali

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Percutaneously inserted central venous catheters are commonly used to provide parenteral nutrition for premature neonates. This study presents report of two preterm neonates who developed pericardial effusion resulting from osmotic damage of parenteral nutrition. When a neonate with percutaneously inserted central venous catheter clinical status worsens a high index of clinical suspicion for diagnosing pericardial effusion and immediate treatment might be life saving. [J Contemp Med 2016; 6(3.000: 226-230

  18. Radiographic mislead: apparent arterial placement of subclavian central venous catheter due to mediastinal shift

    OpenAIRE

    Shaji Mathew; Kush Goyal; Souvik Chaudhuri; Arun Kumar(University of Delhi, Delhi, India); Amjad Abdulsamad

    2014-01-01

    Optimal placement of central venous catheters (CVC) is essential for accurate monitoring of central venous pressure (CVP) in major surgeries and ensuring long-term use of the catheter for managing the critically ill patient. Accidental subclavian artery catheterization is one of the most serious complications of the procedure. Radiography is commonly used to ensure optimal placement of CVC tip and rule out subclavian artery catheterization in the absence of Doppler ultrasound and a pressure t...

  19. Central venous catheter use in severe malaria: time to reconsider the World Health Organization guidelines?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hanson, J.; Lam, S.W.K.; Mohanty, S.; Alam, S.; Hasan, M.M.U.; Lee, S.J.; Schultz, M.J.; Charunwatthana, P.; Cohen, S.; Kabir, A.; Mishra, S.; Day, N.P.J.; White, N.J.; Dondorp, A.M.

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: To optimize the fluid status of adult patients with severe malaria, World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines recommend the insertion of a central venous catheter (CVC) and a target central venous pressure (CVP) of 0-5 cmH2O. However there are few data from clinical trials to

  20. Central venous catheter-related infections: Risk factors and effects of glycopeptide antibiotics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arsenijević Ljubica

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Central venous catheters (CVC are used in the treatment of critically ill patients. Indications for placement of CVCs include hemodynamic monitoring, administration of intravenous fluids, medications and total parenteral nutrition. MATERIAL AND METHODS We investigated risk factors and effects of glycopeptide antibiotics on the development of central venous catheter-related infections in 300 patients treated in intensive care units. A semiquntitative culture technique was used. The investigation included: age, diagnosis on admission, catheter insertion site, catheter duration, the first or next catheter and using of glycopeptide drugs. RESULTS 91 catheters (30.3% were colonised, catheter-related infection was found in 50 catheters (16.7%. Infections were more frequent in catheters inserted through the internal jugular vein than in subclavian venous catheters; they were also more frequent if duration of catheterization was longer than seven days, but less frequent in patients who received glycopeptide antibiotics. The isolated microorganism was Staphylococcus aureus. DISCUSSION According to the literature, a number of catheter-related risk factors for infections include: insertion site, type of catheter, the number of manipulations, inadequat asepsis, lumen number, type of antiseptic. The relative importance of one risk factor over another is difficult to assess, given that studies have no priority report. CONCLUSION The duration of catheterization and the insertion site were the most frequent risk factors for infection. The use of glycopeptide antibiotics during catheterization has protective effects.

  1. Concurrent use of pigtail and loop snare catheters for percutaneous retrieval of dislodged central venous port catheter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuang, Ming-Tsung; Wu, Ding-Kwo; Chang, Cheng-Ang; Shih, Ming-Chen Paul; Ou-Yang, Fu; Chuang, Chien-Han; Tsai, Yi-Fan; Hsu, Jui-Sheng

    2011-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to report our experience of percutaneous retrieval of dislodged port catheters with concurrent use of pigtail and loop snare catheters. During a 5-year period at our institute (June 2005 to July 2010), a total of 23 dislodged port catheters were retrieved. The interval between port catheter implantation and dislodged catheter retrieval ranged from 43 days to 1,414 days (mean 586.7 days). The time of delayed retrieval ranged from 1 day to 45 days (mean 4.6 days). All dislodged catheters were retrieved with the concurrent use of pigtail and loop snare catheters via femoral venous route. The prevalence of port catheter dislodgement at our institute was 3.4%. All dislodged port catheters were removed successfully with pigtail and loop snare catheters together. No procedure-related complications were encountered, except for transient arrhythmia in two patients, which required no medication. In conclusion, the concurrent use of pigtail and loop snare catheters is a feasible and easy way for percutaneous retrieval of a dislodged central venous port catheter.

  2. The supraclavicular fossa ultrasound view for central venous catheter placement and catheter change over guidewire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Se-Chan; Klebach, Christian; Heinze, Ingo; Hoeft, Andreas; Baumgarten, Georg; Weber, Stefan

    2014-12-23

    The supraclavicular fossa ultrasound view can be useful for central venous catheter (CVC) placement. Venipuncture of the internal jugular veins (IJV) or subclavian veins is performed with a micro-convex ultrasound probe, using a neonatal abdominal preset with a probe frequency of 10 Mhz at a depth of 10-12 cm. Following insertion of the guidewire into the vein, the probe is shifted to the right supraclavicular fossa to obtain a view of the superior vena cava (SVC), right pulmonary artery and ascending aorta. Under real-time ultrasound view, the guidewire and its J-tip is visualized and pushed forward to the lower SVC. Insertion depth is read from guidewire marks using central venous catheter. CVC is then inserted following skin and venous dilation. The supraclavicular fossa view is most suitable for right IJV CVC insertion. If other insertion sites are chosen the right supraclavicular fossa should be within the sterile field. Scanning of the IJVs, brachiocephalic veins and SVC can reveal significant thrombosis before venipuncture. Misplaced CVCs can be corrected with a change over guidewire technique under real-time ultrasound guidance. In conjunction with a diagnostic lung ultrasound scan, this technique has a potential to replace chest radiograph for confirmation of CVC tip position and exclusion of pneumothorax. Moreover, this view is of advantage in patients with a non-p-wave cardiac rhythm were an intra-cardiac electrocardiography (ECG) is not feasible for CVC tip position confirmation. Limitations of the method are lack of availability of a micro-convex probe and the need for training.

  3. Complications Involving Central Venous Catheter Insertion in Newborns Admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU

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    Torkaman

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background Developments in the use of central venous catheters have improved the treatment of critically ill newborns. Objectives The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the rate of catheter-related complications and associated risk factors in newborns. Patients and Methods This cross sectional study evaluated 60 infants with indications for central venous catheters who were selected by census from 2007 to 2014 in Baqiyatallah Hospital in Tehran, Iran. The catheters were Broviac numbers 14 - 16. Results Ultimately, 60 cases (17 males and 43 females with a mean age of 26.25 ± 20.09 days (Min = 1 day and Max = 153 days underwent analysis. The most common reasons for venous catheter placement (98.3% were prolonged hospitalization and lack of peripheral vessels. The most common complication was catheter-related infection, which occurred in 20 patients (33.3%. Death occurred in 24 patients (40.0%, but only 3 deaths (5% were due to complications from the central venous catheter. A significant relationship was evident between infection and catheterization duration (P = 0.02. Conclusions Most of the catheter-related deaths were due to severe sepsis and hemothorax, and a significant relationship was noted between infection and both the mortality rate and catheterization duration. A significant relationship was also evident between birth weight and infection rates.

  4. Comparison of NHSN-defined central venous catheter day counts with a method that accounts for concurrent catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talbot, Thomas R; Johnson, James G; Anders, Theodore; Hayes, Rachel M

    2015-01-01

    Central venous catheter (CVC) day definitions do not consider concurrent CVCs. We examined traditional CVC day counts and resultant central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates with a CVC day definition that included concurrent CVCs. Accounting for concurrent CVCs increased device day counts by 8.5% but only mildly impacted CLABSI rates.

  5. Radiologic interventional retrieval of retained central venous catheter fragment in prematurity: case report

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    Park, Jee Won; Jo, Jung Hyun; Park, Byeong Ho [College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-12-15

    The fracture of a central venous catheter is a rare but potentially serious complication. Moreover, removal of the broken catheter pieces is considerably challenging, especially for premature infants. We report 3 case studies of the percutaneous transcatheter retrieval of broken catheter parts in 3 premature infants. We confirmed the location of the catheter fragments via a DSA venogram with diluted contrast media. Using the minimum amount of contrast, and extreme caution, we made certain no contrast-induced nephrotoxicity of air embolism occurred during catheter manipulation. In addition, when the broken fragment was curled or attached to the cardiac wall, we used a hook-shaped catheter to facilitate the capturing of the catheter with a loopsnare. This report demonstrates the feasibility of removing a retained catheter fragment in a premature infant using a percutaneous transcatheter approach.

  6. Biofilm formation in long-term central venous catheters in children with cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Handrup, Mette Møller; Fuursted, Kurt; Funch, Peter;

    2012-01-01

    Taurolidine has demonstrated inhibition of biofilm formation in vitro. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of catheter locking with taurolidine vs heparin in biofilm formation in central venous catheters. Forty-eight children with cancer were randomized to catheter locking by heparin (n...... = 22) or taurolidine (n = 26), respectively. After removal, catheters were examined by standardized scanning electron microscopy to assess quantitative biofilm formation. Biofilm was present if morphologically typical structures and bacterial cells were identified. Quantitative and semi......-quantitative cultures were also performed. Biofilm was identified in 23 of 26 catheters from the taurolidine group and 21 of 22 catheters from the heparin group. A positive culture was made of six of the catheters locked with taurolidine and heparin, respectively (p = 0.78). The rate of catheter-related bloodstream...

  7. Insertion of central venous catheters for hemodialysis using angiographic techniques in patients with previous multiple catheterizations

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    Kotsikoris, Ioannis, E-mail: gkotsikoris@gmail.com [Department of Vascular Surgery, “Erythros Stauros” General Hospital (Greece); Zygomalas, Apollon, E-mail: azygomalas@upatras.gr [Department of General Surgery, University Hospital of Patras (Greece); Papas, Theofanis, E-mail: pfanis@otenet.gr [Department of Vascular Surgery, “Erythros Stauros” General Hospital (Greece); Maras, Dimitris, E-mail: dimmaras@gmail.com [Department of Vascular Surgery, “Erythros Stauros” General Hospital (Greece); Pavlidis, Polyvios, E-mail: polpavlidis@yahoo.gr [Department of Vascular Surgery, “Erythros Stauros” General Hospital (Greece); Andrikopoulou, Maria, E-mail: madric@gmail.com [Department of Vascular Surgery, “Erythros Stauros” General Hospital (Greece); Tsanis, Antonis, E-mail: atsanis@gmail.com [Department of Interventional Radiology, “Erythros Stauros” General Hospital (Greece); Alivizatos, Vasileios, E-mail: valiviz@hol.gr [Department of General Surgery and Artificial Nutrition Unit, “Agios Andreas” General Hospital of Patras (Greece); Bessias, Nikolaos, E-mail: bessias@otenet.gr [Department of Vascular Surgery, “Erythros Stauros” General Hospital (Greece)

    2012-09-15

    Introduction: Central venous catheter placement is an effective alternative vascular access for dialysis in patients with chronic renal failure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the insertion of central venous catheters for hemodialysis using angiographic techniques in patients with previous multiple catheterizations in terms of efficacy of the procedure and early complications. Materials and methods: Between 2008 and 2010, the vascular access team of our hospital placed 409 central venous catheters in patients with chronic renal failure. The procedure was performed using the Seldinger blind technique. In 18 (4.4%) cases it was impossible to advance the guidewire, and so the patients were transported to the angiography suite. Results: Using the angiographic technique, the guidewire was advanced in order to position the central venous catheter. The latter was inserted into the subclavian vein in 12 (66.6%) cases, into the internal jugular vein in 4 (22.2%) and into the femoral vein in 2 (11.1%) cases. There was only one complicated case with severe arrhythmia in 1 (5.5%) patient. Conclusion: Our results suggest that insertion of central venous catheters using angiographic techniques in hemodialysis patients with previous multiple catheterizations is a safe and effective procedure with few complications and high success rates.

  8. Calcified central venous catheter fibrin sheath: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keehn, Aryeh; Rabinowitz, Dan; Williams, Steve K; Taragin, Benjamin H

    2015-01-01

    We present a 6-year-old girl with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who demonstrated on chest X-ray a radiopacity in the superior vena cava after removal of an implanted venous access device. This radiopacity was initially thought to be a retained catheter fragment. On review of previous imaging, we were able to document the temporal development of a calcified catheter cast as distinct from the catheter. This case represents a rare consequence of central venous catheterization in children. Knowledge of this finding as a possible complication may help avoid performance of unnecessary follow-up imaging or invasive procedures.

  9. [Venous thromboembolism associated with long-term use of central venous catheters in cancer patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debourdeau, P; Chahmi, D Kassab; Zammit, C; Farge-Bancel, D

    2008-06-01

    Increased incidence of cancers and the development of totally implanted venous access devices that contain their own port to deliver chemotherapy will lead to a greater than before numbers of central venous catheter-related thrombosis (CVCT). Medical consequences include catheter dysfunction and pulmonary embolism. Vessel injury caused by the procedure of CVC insertion is the most important risk factor for development of CVCT. This event could cause the formation of a fresh thrombus, which is reversible in the large majority of patients. In some cases, thrombus formation is not related to catheter insertion. The incidence of CVC-related DVT assessed by venography has been reported to vary from 30 to 60% but catheter-related DVT in adult patients is symptomatic in only 5% of cases. The majority of patients with CVC-related DVT is asymptomatic or has nonspecific symptoms: arm or neck swelling or pain, distal paresthesias, headache, congestion of subcutaneous collateral veins. In the case of clinical suspicion of CVC-related deep venous thrombosis (DVT), compressive ultrasonography (US), especially with doppler and color imaging, currently is first used to confirm the diagnosis. Consequently, contrast venography is reserved for clinical trials and difficult diagnostic situations. There is no consensus on the optimal management of patients with CVC-related DVT. Treatment of CVC-related VTE requires a five- to seven-day course of adjusted-dose unfractionated heparin or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) followed by oral anticoagulants. Long-term LMWH that has been shown to be more effective than oral anticoagulant in cancer patients with lower limb DVT, could be used in these patients. The efficacy and safety of pharmacologic prophylaxis for CVC related thrombosis is not established and the last recommendations suggest that clinicians not routinely use prophylaxis to try to prevent thrombosis related to long-term indwelling CVCs in cancer patients. Additional studies

  10. A technique for re-utilizing catheter insertion sites in children with difficult central venous access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, S M; Garnett, G M; Woo, R K

    2017-01-01

    Maintenance of central venous access in patients with chronic medical conditions such as short bowel syndrome demands forethought and ingenuity. We describe an innovative technique for re-utilizing central venous access sites in patients who have chronic central venous access needs. Records of patients undergoing this technique were reviewed between August 2012 and December 2015. The technique involves "cutting-down" to the sterile fibrous tunnel that naturally forms around tunneled catheters. The fibrous sheath is then isolated and controlled much as would be done for a venous "cut-down." A separate exit site is then created for the new catheter and it is tunneled to the "cut-down" site per routine. The non-functioning catheter is then removed from the surgical field. The proximal fibrous sheath is finally cannulated either directly with the new catheter or with a wire/dilator system. This technique effectively re-uses the same venous access point while allowing for a complete change of the physical line and external site. Twenty attempts at this technique were made in twelve patients; six patients underwent the site re-utilization procedure multiple times. Re-using the fibrous tunnel to re-cycle the internal catheter site was successful in seventeen of twenty attempts. All patients had chronic conditions leading to difficult long-term central venous access [short bowel syndrome (6), hemophilia (2), cystic fibrosis (1), chronic need for central IV access (3)]. Indications for catheter replacement included catheter occlusion/mechanical failure/breakage (9), dislodgement (6), infection (1), and inadequate catheter length due to patient growth (4). Broviac/Hickman catheter sites were most commonly re-used (13; one failure); re-using a portcath site was successful in 5 of 7 attempts. There were no short term infections or mechanical complications. We describe a novel technique for salvaging tunneled central venous catheter access sites. This technique is well suited

  11. MISPLACEMENTS OF CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETERS: INTERNAL JUGULAR VERSUS SUBCLAVIAN ACCESS IN CRITICAL CARE PATIENTS

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Aim; In central venous catheterization (CVC), misplacement is not a rare complication since this is a blinded procedure. The aim of this study was to compare the misplacement risks of the access of internal jugular vein with that of subclavian vein catheterizations. Methods;The records of a total of 1092 patients in whom central venous catheters were placed between 2002 and 2006 in Anesthesiology Intensive Care Unit and the location of the tips was confirmed radiologically were retrospe...

  12. HEPARIN OR 0.9% SODIUM CHLORIDE TO MAINTAIN CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETER PATENCY: A RANDOMISED TRIAL

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    Mahesh Babu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Maintaining the lumen patency of Central venous catheters (CVCsusing low dose Heparin is recommended in many guidelines of CVC maintenance. This study is to compare the efficacy of low - dose Heparin 3ml (10U/ml and 0.9% Sodium chloride (10ml flush solutions to maintain Centra l venous catheter (CVC lumen patency. METHODS: We s tudied 100 adult patients between March 2012 and August 2012 who required short - term CVC insertion to compare two flush solutions , Heparin and0.9% Sodium Chloride on catheter lumen patency . RESULTS : The crude catheter non patency was 4% ( two lumensin Heparin group and 8% (four lumens in the Sodium Chloride group . There was no incidence of thrombocytopenia in both the study groups. CONCLUSION : This study has demonstrated no significant difference bet ween Heparin and 0.9% Sodium Chloride flushes with regards to catheter patency in adult patients with short - term use of CVCs .

  13. Central venous catheter related infections: Risk factors and the effect of glycopeptide antibiotics

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    Eraksoy Haluk

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Backround We undertook a prospective study of all new central venous catheters inserted into patients in the intensive care units, in order to identify the risk factors and to determine the effect of glycopeptide antibiotics on catheter – related infections. Methods During the study period 300 patients with central venous catheters were prospectively studied. The catheters used were nontunneled, noncuffed, triple lumen and made of polyurethane material. Catheters were cultured by semiquantitative method and blood cultures done when indicated. Data were obtained on patient age, gender, unit, primary diagnosis on admission, catheter insertion site, duration of catheterization, whether it was the first or a subsequent catheter and glycopeptide antibiotic usage. Results Ninety-one (30.3% of the catheters were colonized and infection was found with 50 (16.7% catheters. Infection was diagnosed with higher rate in catheters inserted via jugular vein in comparison with subclavian vein (95% CI: 1.32–4.81, p = 0.005. The incidence of infection was higher in catheters which were kept in place for more than seven days (95% CI 1.05–3.87, p = 0.03. The incidence of infection was lower in patients who were using glycopeptide antibiotic during catheterization (95% CI: 1.49–5.51, p = 0.005. The rate of infection with Gram positive cocci was significantly lower in glycopeptide antibiotic using patients (p = 0.01. The most commonly isolated organism was Staphylococcus aureus (n = 52, 37.1%. Conclusion Duration of catheterization and catheter insertion site were independent risk factors for catheter related infection. Use of glycopeptide antibiotic during catheterization seems to have protective effect against catheter related infection.

  14. Placement of a port catheter through collateral veins in a patient with central venous occlusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teichgräber, Ulf Karl-Martin; Streitparth, Florian; Gebauer, Bernhard; Benter, Thomas

    2010-04-01

    Long-term utilization of central venous catheters (CVCs) for parenteral nutrition has a high incidence of central venous complications including infections, occlusions, and stenosis. We report the case of a 31-year-old woman presenting with a malabsorption caused by short gut syndrome due to congenital aganglionic megacolon. The patient developed a chronic occlusion of all central neck and femoral veins due to long-term use of multiple CVCs over more than 20 years. In patients with central venous occlusion and venous transformation, the implantation of a totally implanted port system by accessing collateral veins is an option to continue long-term parenteral nutrition when required. A 0.014-in. Whisper guidewire (Terumo, Tokyo) with high flexibility and steerability was chosen to maneuver and pass through the collateral veins. We suggest this approach to avoid unfavorable translumbar or transhepatic central venous access and to conserve the anatomically limited number of percutaneous access sites.

  15. Bacterial infection of central venous catheters in short-term total parenteral nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, L; Ngeow, Y F; Parasakthi, N

    1998-03-01

    Fourteen severely ill ventilated patients in an intensive care unit, requiring short-term total parenteral nutrition, were examined for catheter-related infection. Microbiological analysis using Maki's SQ technique was carried out on catheter exit site, catheter hub, proximal subcutaneous segment of catheter and catheter up. Qualitative cultures were carried out on total parenteral nutrition and peripheral blood samples. Twenty six of 29 catheters removed (90%) were culture positive but only 7 catheters were related to positive blood cultures, giving a catheter-related bacteremia (CRB) rate of 24%. Haematogenous seeding was strongly implicated in 7/29 (24%) of catheters. Patients' skin flora appeared to be the main source of catheter-related infection. The organisms isolated for patients with CRB included coagulase-negative staphylococci, Acinetobacter and Klebsiella. It is suggested that to control infective complications of central venous catheters, emphasis should be focused on specialised intravenous therapy teams and the use of strict protocols for insertion and care of central lines.

  16. Prevention of neonatal late-onset sepsis associated with the removal of percutaneously inserted central venous catheters in preterm infants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hemels, Marieke A. C.; van den Hoogen, Agnes; Verboon-Maciolek, Malgorzata A.; Fleer, Andre; Krediet, Tannette G.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: Indwelling central venous catheters are the most important risk factors for the development of sepsis attributable to coagulase-negative staphylococci among preterm infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. In addition, removal of a central venous catheter also may cause coagula

  17. Assessment of central venous catheter-associated infections using semi-quantitative or quantitative culture methods

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    E. L. Pizzolitto

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Semiquantitative (Maki and quantitative (Brun- Buisson culture techniques were employed in the diagnosis of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI in patients who have a short-term central venous catheter (inserted for 30 days. The diagnosis of CRBSI was based on the results of semiquantitative and quantitative culture of material from the removed catheters. Catheter tips (118 from 100 patients were evaluated by both methods. Semiquantitative analysis revealed 34 catheters (28.8% colonized by ≥15 colonyforming units (cfu, while quantitative cultures (34 catheters, 28.8% showed the growth of ≥103 cfu/mL. Bacteremia was confirmed in four patients by isolating microorganisms of identical species from both catheters and blood samples. Using the semiquantitative culture technique on short-term central venous catheter tips, we have shown that with a cut-off level of ≥15 cfu, the technique had 100.0% sensitivity, specificity of 68.4%, 25.0% positive predictive value (PPV and 100.0% negative predictive value (NPV, efficiency of 71.4% and a prevalence of 9.5%. The quantitative method, with a cut-off limit of ≥103 cfu/mL, gave identical values: the sensitivity was 100.0%, specificity 68.4%, positive predictive value (PPV 25.0%, negative predictive value (NPV 100.0%, efficiency 71.4% and prevalence 9.5%. We concluded that the semiquantitative and quantitative culture methods, evaluated in parallel, for the first time in Brazil, have similar sensitivity and specificity. Keywords: central venous catheter; semi-quantitative culture; quantitative culture; catheter-related bacteremia.

  18. Preventing central venous catheter-related infection in a surgical intensive-care unit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijma, R; Girbes, AR; Kleijer, DJ; Zwaveling, JH

    1999-01-01

    The cumulative effect of five measures (introduction of hand disinfection with alcohol, a new type of dressing, a one-bag system for parenteral nutrition, a new intravenous connection device, and surveillance by an infection control practitioner) on central venous catheter colonization and bacteremi

  19. An unknown complication of peripherally inserted central venous catheter in a patient with ventricular assist device

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    Parikh M

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We report an unknown complication of peripherally inserted central venous catheter in a patient with Ventricular Assist Device. This rare complication led to the failure of the right ventricular assist device, which could be detrimental in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.

  20. Removal of percutaneously inserted central venous catheters in neonates is associated with the occurrence of sepsis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Hoogen, Agnes; Brouwer, Mieke J.; Gerards, Leo J.; Fleer, Andre; Krediet, Tannette G.

    2008-01-01

    Background: Clinical signs of sepsis are frequently observed after removal of a percutaneously inserted central venous catheter (PCVC) in neonates admitted at our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). To substantiate this finding and to evaluate the effect of antibiotics administered at the time of r

  1. In-line filters in central venous catheters in a neonatal intensive care unit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Hoogen, A; Krediet, TG; Uiterwaal, CSPM; Bolenius, JFGA; Gerards, LJ; Fleer, A

    2006-01-01

    Nosocomial sepsis remains an important cause of morbidity in neonatal intensive care units. Central venous catheters (CVCs) and parenteral nutrition (TPN) are major risk factors. In-line filters in the intravenous (IV) administration sets prevent the infusion of particles, which may reduce infectiou

  2. A simulation-based "just in time" and "just in place" central venous catheter education program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lengetti, Evelyn; Monachino, Anne Marie; Scholtz, Amy

    2011-01-01

    The authors describe the Central Venous Catheter Dress Rehearsal simulation program. Teaching is conducted at the bedside, which is efficient and cost effective and allows nurses to practice in a safe environment with no harm to the patient. The educators' challenges and remediation strategies are shared. This simulation program has demonstrated improved consistency of practice and knowledge among pediatric nurses.

  3. When one port does not return blood: two case reports of rare causes for misplaced central venous catheters

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    Sandra Pereira

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available We present two cases of misplaced central venous catheters having in common theabsence of free blood return from one lumen immediately after placement. The former is acase of right hydrothorax associated with central venous catheterization with the catheter tipin intra-pleural location. In this case the distal port was never patent. In the latter case therewas an increased aspiration pressure through the middle port due to a catheter looping.The absence of free flow on aspiration from one lumen of a central catheter should not beundervalued. In these circumstances the catheter should not be used and needs to be removed.

  4. When one port does not return blood: two case reports of rare causes for misplaced central venous catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Sandra; Preto, César; Pinho, Carla; Vasconcelos, Pedro

    2016-01-01

    We present two cases of misplaced central venous catheters having in common the absence of free blood return from one lumen immediately after placement. The former is a case of right hydrothorax associated with central venous catheterization with the catheter tip in intra-pleural location. In this case the distal port was never patent. In the latter case there was an increased aspiration pressure through the middle port due to a catheter looping. The absence of free flow on aspiration from one lumen of a central catheter should not be undervalued. In these circumstances the catheter should not be used and needs to be removed.

  5. Knowledge level on administration of chemotherapy through peripheral and central venous catheter among oncology nurses

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    Sevgisun Kapucu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the knowledge levels of oncology nurses about peripheral and central venous catheter during their chemotherapy administration. Methods: Data collection of this descriptive study was started on April 15, 2015–July 15, 2015. The data presented in this summary belong to 165 nurses. Data were collected with data collection form including questions related to sociodemographic qualifications and knowledge levels of nurses. Data collection forms were E-mailed to the members of Turkish Oncology Nursing Society. Data presented with numbers, percentages, and mean ± standard deviation. Results: The mean age of nurses was 33.60 ± 7.34 years and mean duration for oncology nursing experience was 2.65 ± 0.91 years. Nurses had correct information about the importance of selecting peripheral venous catheter and choosing the placement area for chemotherapy administration (63.6%, control of catheter before the administration (93.9%, influence of chemotherapeutic agent on length of catheter (40.6%, and management of extravasation (75.7%. Nurses also had correct information about the first use of port catheter (67.3% and checking the catheter whether it is working properly or not (75.8%. Conclusions: In General, nurses' level of knowledge related to catheter is 50% and higher. It is recommended to increase the knowledge of nurses about evidence-based information for catheter care as a step to safe chemotherapy practice.

  6. ESPEN Guidelines on Parenteral Nutrition: central venous catheters (access, care, diagnosis and therapy of complications).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittiruti, Mauro; Hamilton, Helen; Biffi, Roberto; MacFie, John; Pertkiewicz, Marek

    2009-08-01

    When planning parenteral nutrition (PN), the proper choice, insertion, and nursing of the venous access are of paramount importance. In hospitalized patients, PN can be delivered through short-term, non-tunneled central venous catheters, through peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC), or - for limited period of time and with limitation in the osmolarity and composition of the solution - through peripheral venous access devices (short cannulas and midline catheters). Home PN usually requires PICCs or - if planned for an extended or unlimited time - long-term venous access devices (tunneled catheters and totally implantable ports). The most appropriate site for central venous access will take into account many factors, including the patient's conditions and the relative risk of infective and non-infective complications associated with each site. Ultrasound-guided venepuncture is strongly recommended for access to all central veins. For parenteral nutrition, the ideal position of the catheter tip is between the lower third of the superior cava vein and the upper third of the right atrium; this should preferably be checked during the procedure. Catheter-related bloodstream infection is an important and still too common complication of parenteral nutrition. The risk of infection can be reduced by adopting cost-effective, evidence-based interventions such as proper education and specific training of the staff, an adequate hand washing policy, proper choices of the type of device and the site of insertion, use of maximal barrier protection during insertion, use of chlorhexidine as antiseptic prior to insertion and for disinfecting the exit site thereafter, appropriate policies for the dressing of the exit site, routine changes of administration sets, and removal of central lines as soon as they are no longer necessary. Most non-infective complications of central venous access devices can also be prevented by appropriate, standardized protocols for line insertion

  7. Infectious complications associated with the use of central venous catheters in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinho, Gláucia Helena; Romanelli, Roberta M C; Teixeira, Gustavo Machado; Macedo, Antonio V; Chaia, Juliana M C; Nobre, Vandack

    2013-07-01

    In this prospective, observational study, we sought to investigate the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of central venous catheter-associated infection in 56 patients admitted for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In multivariate analysis, we found a 7-fold higher risk of central line-associated bloodstream infection with central venous catheter insertion in the internal jugular vein as compared with the subclavian access. Patients with central line-associated bloodstream infection had a higher incidence of acute renal failure.

  8. Central venous catheter-related thrombosis in senile male patients: New risk factors and predictors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Gao; Fu, Zhi-Qing; Zhu, Ping; Li, Shi-Jun

    2015-06-01

    Central venous catheterization (CVC)-related venous thrombosis is a common but serious clinical complication, thus prevention and treatment on this problem should be extensively investigated. In this research, we aimed to investigate the incidence rate of CVC-related venous thrombosis in senile patients and give a further discussion on the related risk factors and predictors. A total of 324 hospitalized senile male patients subjected to CVC were selected. Retrospective investigation and analysis were conducted on age, underlying diseases, clinical medications, catheterization position and side, catheter retention time, and incidence of CVC-related venous thrombosis complications. Basic laboratory test results during catheterization and thrombogenesis were also collected and analyzed. Among the 324 patients, 20 cases (6.17%) of CVC-related venous thrombosis were diagnoseds. The incidence rate of CVC-related venous thrombosis in subclavian vein catheterization was significantly lower than that in femoral vein catheterization (Pvenous thrombosis history (Prisk factors or predictors of CVC-related venous thrombosis in senile male patients. Subclavian vein catheterization was the most appropriate choice among senile patients to decrease the incidence of CVC-related venous thrombosis. Previous venous thrombosis history, high lactate dehydrogenase level, low HDL level, and low albumin level were important risk factors in predicting CVC-related venous thrombosis.

  9. Predicting the optimal depth of left-sided central venous catheters in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, H; Jeong, C-H; Byon, H-J; Shin, H K; Yun, T J; Lee, J-H; Park, Y-H; Kim, J-T

    2013-10-01

    The aim of this study was to predict the optimal depth for insertion of a left-sided central venous catheter in children. Using 3D chest computed tomography angiography, we measured the distance from a point where the internal jugular vein is at the superior border of the clavicle, and from a point where the subclavian vein is inferior to the anterior border of the clavicle, to the junction of the superior vena cava and the right atrium in 257 children. Linear regression analysis revealed that the distances correlated with age, weight and height. Simple formulae for the depth of a central venous catheter via the left internal jugular vein (0.07 × height (cm)) and the left subclavian vein (0.08 × height (cm)) were developed to predict placement of the central venous catheter tip at the junction of the superior vena cava with the right atrium. Using these fomulae, the proportion of catheter tips predicted to be correctly located was 98.5% (95% CI 96.8-100%) and 94.0% (95% CI 90.8-97.3%), respectively.

  10. Percutaneously inserted long-term central venous catheters in pigs of different sizes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsson, N; Claesson Lingehall, H; Al Zaidi, N; Claesson, J; Jensen-Waern, M; Lehtipalo, S

    2015-07-01

    Pigs are used for long-term biomedical experiments requiring repeated injections, infusions and collections of blood samples. Thus, it is necessary for vascular catheters to be indwelling to avoid undue stress to the animals and the use of restraints. We propose a refined model of percutaneous insertion of long-term central venous catheters to minimize the surgical trauma and postoperative complications associated with catheter insertion. Different sizes of needles (18 Ga versus 21 Ga) for initial puncture of the veins were compared. In conventional pigs weighing less than 30 kg, catheter insertion may be facilitated by using a microintroducer set with a 21 Ga needle. In pigs weighing 50 kg, a standard 18 Ga needle may be preferable.

  11. Second-Generation central venous catheter in the prevention of bloodstream infection: a systematic review 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stocco, Janislei Gislei Dorociaki; Hoers, Hellen; Pott, Franciele Soares; Crozeta, Karla; Barbosa, Dulce Aparecida; Meier, Marineli Joaquim

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness and safety in the use of second-generation central venous catheters impregnated in clorhexidine and silver sulfadiazine when compared with other catheters, being them impregnated or not, in order to prevent the bloodstream infection prevention. Method: systematic review with meta-analysis. Databases searched: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS/SciELO, Cochrane CENTRAL; search in Congress Proceedings and records from Clinical Trials. Results: 1.235 studies were identified, 97 were pre-selected and 4 were included. In catheter-related bloodstream infection, there was no statistical significance between second-generation impregnated catheter compared with the non-impregnated ones, absolute relative risk 1,5% confidence interval 95% (3%-1%), relative risk 0,68 (confidence interval 95%, 0,40-1,15) and number needed to treat 66. In the sensitivity analysis, there was less bloodstream infection in impregnated catheters (relative risk 0,50, confidence interval 95%, 0,26-0,96). Lower colonization, absolute relative risk 9,6% (confidence interval 95%, 10% to 4%), relative risk 0,51 (confidence interval 95% from 0,38-0,85) and number needed to treat 5. Conclusion: the use of second-generation catheters was effective in reducing the catheter colonization and infection when a sensitivity analysis is performed. Future clinical trials are suggested to evaluate sepsis rates, mortality and adverse effects. PMID:27508901

  12. [Injuries to blood vessels near the heart caused by central venous catheters].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abram, J; Klocker, J; Innerhofer-Pompernigg, N; Mittermayr, M; Freund, M C; Gravenstein, N; Wenzel, V

    2016-11-01

    Injuries to blood vessels near the heart can quickly become life-threatening and include arterial injuries during central venous puncture, which can lead to hemorrhagic shock. We report 6 patients in whom injury to the subclavian artery and vein led to life-threatening complications. Central venous catheters are associated with a multitude of risks, such as venous thrombosis, air embolism, systemic or local infections, paresthesia, hemothorax, pneumothorax, and cervical hematoma, which are not always immediately discernible. The subclavian catheter is at a somewhat lower risk of catheter-associated sepsis and symptomatic venous thrombosis than approaches via the internal jugular and femoral veins. Indeed, access via the subclavian vein carries a substantial risk of pneumo- and hemothorax. Damage to the subclavian vein or artery can also occur during deliberate and inadvertent punctures and result in life-threatening complications. Therefore, careful consideration of the access route is required in relation to the patient and the clinical situation, to keep the incidence of complications as low as possible. For catheterization of the subclavian vein, puncture of the axillary vein in the infraclavicular fossa is a good alternative, because ultrasound imaging of the target vessel is easier than in the subclavian vein and the puncture can be performed much further from the lung.

  13. How correct is the correct length for central venous catheter insertion

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    Kujur Rash

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Central venous catheters (CVC are important in the management of critically ill patients. Incorrect positioning may lead to many serious complications. Chest radiograph is a convenient means of determining the correct position of the catheter tip. The present study was designed to evaluate the depth of CVC placed through the right and left internal jugular vein (IJV in order to achieve optimum placement of the catheter tip. Materials and Methods: A total of 107 patients in whom CVCs were put through either the right or left IJV through a central approach were included in this prospective study. Catheter tip position was observed in the post procedure chest radiograph. It was considered correct if the tip was just below the carina in the left-sided catheters and just above carina in the right-sided catheters. The catheters were repositioned based on the chest radiographs. The catheter depth leading to optimum tip placement was noted. Results: In males, catheter repositioning was required in 13 of 58 patients (22.41% in the right IJV catheters, whereas in 2 of 13 patients (15.38% in the left IJV catheters. In females, repositioning was required in 12 of 25 patients (48% in the right IJV catheters and 2 of 11 patients (18.18% in the left IJV catheters. Repositioning rate was higher in females (14/36 compared with males (15/71, which was statistically significant ( P = 0.05, 95% CI. Repositioning rates were significantly higher in females (12/25 as compared with males (13/58 in the right IJV catheters ( P = 0.019, 95% CI. Conclusion: By cannulating the IJV through a central approach, the catheters can be fixed at a length of 12-13 cm in males and 11-12 cm in females in the right IJV and at a length of 13-14 cm in males and 12-13 cm in females in the left IJV in order to achieve correct positioning.

  14. Radiographic mislead: apparent arterial placement of subclavian central venous catheter due to mediastinal shift

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    Shaji Mathew

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Optimal placement of central venous catheters (CVC is essential for accurate monitoring of central venous pressure (CVP in major surgeries and ensuring long-term use of the catheter for managing the critically ill patient. Accidental subclavian artery catheterization is one of the most serious complications of the procedure. Radiography is commonly used to ensure optimal placement of CVC tip and rule out subclavian artery catheterization in the absence of Doppler ultrasound and a pressure transducer. We present a case of a haemodynamically unstable and hypoxaemic patient with mediastinal shift, in which the anaesthesiologist was in a dilemma about the arterial placement of the right subclavian CVC. The CVC crossing the midline due to mediastinal shift gave the false impression of it being placed in subclavian artery rather than the vein. Subsequently, it was proved to be correctly placed in the subclavian vein.

  15. Lights, camera and action in the implementation of central venous catheter dressing1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Maria Verônica Ferrareze; de Godoy, Simone; de Góes, Fernanda dos Santos Nogueira; Rossini, Fernanda de Paula; de Andrade, Denise

    2015-01-01

    Objective: to develop and validate an educational digital video on changing the dressing of short-term, non-cuffed, non-tunneled central venous catheters in hospitalized adult patients. Method: this is a descriptive, methodological study based on Paulo Freire's assumptions. The development of the script and video storyboard were based on scientific evidence, on the researchers' experience, and that of nurse experts, as well as on a virtual learning environment. Results: the items related to the script were approved by 97.2% of the nurses and the video was approved by 96.1%. Conclusion: the educational instrument was considered to be appropriate and we believe it will contribute to professional training in the nursing field, the updating of human resources, focusing on the educational process, including distance education. We believe it will consequently improve the quality of care provided to patients with central venous catheters. PMID:26626011

  16. Lights, camera and action in the implementation of central venous catheter dressing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Verônica Ferrareze Ferreira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to develop and validate an educational digital video on changing the dressing of short-term, non-cuffed, non-tunneled central venous catheters in hospitalized adult patients. Method: this is a descriptive, methodological study based on Paulo Freire's assumptions. The development of the script and video storyboard were based on scientific evidence, on the researchers' experience, and that of nurse experts, as well as on a virtual learning environment. Results: the items related to the script were approved by 97.2% of the nurses and the video was approved by 96.1%. Conclusion: the educational instrument was considered to be appropriate and we believe it will contribute to professional training in the nursing field, the updating of human resources, focusing on the educational process, including distance education. We believe it will consequently improve the quality of care provided to patients with central venous catheters.

  17. Guidewire-Related Complications during Central Venous Catheter Placement: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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    Faisal A. Khasawneh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Seldinger's technique is widely used to place central venous and arterial catheters and is generally considered safe. The technique does have multiple potential risks. Guidewire-related complications are rare but potentially serious. We describe a case of a lost guidewire during central venous catheter insertion followed by a review of the literature of this topic. Measures which can be taken to prevent such complications are explained in detail as well as recommended steps to remedy errors should they occur.

  18. Tunneled central venous catheter exchange: techniques to improve prevention of air embolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Umberto G; Torcia, Pierluca; Rigamonti, Paolo; Colombo, Francesca; Giordano, Antonino; Gallieni, Maurizio; Cariati, Maurizio

    2016-01-01

    Malfunctioning tunneled hemodialysis central venous catheters (CVCs), because of thrombotic or infectious complications, are frequently exchanged. During the CVC exchanging procedure, there are several possible technical complications, as in first insertion, including air embolism. Prevention remains the key to the management of air embolism. Herein, we emphasize the technical tricks capable of reducing the risk of air embolism in long-term CVC exchange. In particular, adoption of a 5 to 10 degrees Trendelenburg position, direct puncture of the previous CVC venous lumen for guide-wire insertion, as opposed to guide-wire introduction after cutting the CVC, a light manual compression of the internal jugular vein venotomy site after catheter removal. The Valsalva maneuvre in collaborating patients, valved introducers, and correction of hypovolemia are also useful precautions. Principles of air embolism diagnosis and treatment are also outlined in the article.

  19. Multicenter study in monitoring central venous catheters complications in hematologic patiennts

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    Carmen García Gabás

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Most hematological patients suffer a significant venous damage related to different administrated intravenous therapy, being necessary to place central venous catheters (CVC. CVC is associated with various complications. The most common catheter-related complications are occlusion and infection. To avoid such of them, the development of protocols for insertion and care are needed, as well as recording and following up complications. To this end, we propose a cross-sectional carried out during 13 months whose main goal is to know the incidence of CVC- related complications (mainly occlusion and infection in hematological patients.Population included all the =14 ages patients admitted to different hematological units at Ramon y Cajal and Gregorio Marañón hospitals in Madrid and who signed informed consent. Socio-demographic, clinical characteristics and complications were entered into a log which included a pursuit of care protocol.

  20. Implanted central venous catheter-related acute superior vena cava syndrome: management by metallic stent and endovascular repositioning of the catheter tip

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    Qanadli, S.D.; Mesurolle, B.; Sissakian, J.F.; Chagnon, S.; Lacombe, P. [Service de Radiologie, Hopital Ambroise Pare, 92 - Boulogne (France)

    2000-08-01

    We describe a case of a 49-year-old woman with stage-IIIB lung adenocarcinoma who experienced an acute superior vena cava syndrome related to an implanted central venous catheter without associated venous thrombosis. The catheter was surgically implanted for chemotherapy. Superior vena cava syndrome appeared after the procedure and was due to insertion of the catheter through a subclinical stenosis of the superior vena cava. Complete resolution of the patient's symptoms was obtained using stent placement and endovascular repositioning of the catheter tip. (orig.)

  1. Central Venous Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infection with Kocuria kristinae in a Patient with Propionic Acidemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawai, Eichiro; Yaoita, Hisao; Ichinoi, Natsuko; Sakamoto, Osamu; Kure, Shigeo

    2017-01-01

    Kocuria kristinae is a catalase-positive, coagulase-negative, Gram-positive coccus found in the environment and in normal skin and mucosa in humans; however, it is rarely isolated from clinical specimens and is considered a nonpathogenic bacterium. We describe a case of catheter-related bacteremia due to K. kristinae in a young adult with propionic acidemia undergoing periodic hemodialysis. The patient had a central venous catheter implanted for total parenteral nutrition approximately 6 months prior to the onset of symptoms because of repeated acute pancreatitis. K. kristinae was isolated from two sets of blood cultures collected from the catheter. Vancomycin followed by cefazolin for 16 days and 5-day ethanol lock therapy successfully eradicated the K. kristinae bacteremia. Although human infections with this organism appear to be rare and are sometimes considered to result from contamination, physicians should not underestimate its significance when it is isolated in clinical specimens. PMID:28194286

  2. Low-dosage prophylactic vancomycin in central-venous catheters for neonates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocete, E; Ruíz-Extremera, A; Goicoechea, A; Lozano, E; Robles, C; Rey, M L; Salmerón, J

    1998-12-01

    Neonatal infectious pathology remains one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in this age group. The introduction of plasticized catheters for the administration of medication, fluidotherapy and parenteral nutrition was a significant advance in treatment of patients at risk, but also led to the appearance of infectious complications. Negative coagulase staphylococcus is the principal pathogen in most neonatal intensive care units. Recent studies have examined the prophylactic use of vancomycin in preterm babies receiving parenteral nutrition. We have evaluated the efficacy of this procedure, applied via the central venous catheters employed for all neonates, within the intensive care unit over a period of one year. Prophylactic vancomycin administered via the catheters significantly reduced the incidence of Gram-positive infections, despite the presence within this group of a greater number of septic risk factors than in the control group.

  3. Complications Related to Insertion and Use of Central Venous Catheters (CVC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodzic, Samir; Golic, Darko; Smajic, Jasmina; Sijercic, Selma; Umihanic, Sekib; Umihanic, Sefika

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Introduction: Central Venous Catheters (CVC) are essential in everyday medical practice, especially in treating patients in intensive care units (ICU). The application of these catheters is accompanied with the risk of complications, such as the complications caused during the CVC insertion, infections at the location of the insertion, and complications during the use of the catheter, sepsis and other metastatic infections. Patients and methods: This study is a retrospective-prospective and it was implemented in the period 1st January 2011- 31st December 2012. It included 108 examinees with CVC placed for more than 7 days. Results: The most common complications occurring in more than 2 attempts of CVC applications are: hearth arrhythmias in both groups in 12 cases, 7 in multi-lumen (12.72%) and 5 in mono-lumen ones (9.43%). Artery puncture occurs in both groups in 7 cases, 5 in multi-lumen (9.09%) and 2 in mono-lumen ones (3.77%). Hematoma occurred in both groups in 4 cases, 3 in multi-lumen CVCs (5.45%) and 1 in mono-lumen ones (1.88%). The most common complication in multi-lumen catheters was heart arrhythmia, in 20 cases (36.37%). The most common complications in mono-lumen CVCs was hearth arrhythmias, in 20 cases as extrasystoles and they were registered in 16 catheter insertions (30.18%). Out of total number of catheters of both groups, out of 108 catheters the complications during insertion occurred in 49 catheters (45.40%). The most common complications in both groups were heart arrhythmias, artery punctures and hematomas at the place of catheter insertion. PMID:25568558

  4. Risk factors for central venous catheter-related thrombosis in children: a retrospective analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kai; Agarwal, Arnav; Tassone, Maria Cristina; Shahjahan, Nadia; Walton, Mark; Chan, Anthony; Mondal, Tapas

    2016-06-01

    Central venous catheter (CVC) placement is associated with increased risk of thrombosis in the paediatric population, particularly in relation to the type of catheter and the manner of its insertion. Here, we investigate risk factors associated with CVC-related thrombosis in children, with particular emphasis on positioning of the catheter tip. Patients aged 0-18 who underwent at least one CVC placement from 2008 to 2013 at a single centre with a subsequent follow-up echocardiogram were included for a total of 104 patients and 147 lines. Data on clinical and catheter-related risk factors were collected from patient charts. Statistical analysis using Pearson's χ tests, independent samples t-test, and odds ratios were used to assess potential risk factors for thrombosis. Neither insertion site (subclavian vein or otherwise), left- vs. right-sided insertion, nor catheter type were significant risk factors for thrombosis. There were no thrombotic events reported at the superior vena cava (SVC)-right atrium junction and no significant differences in thrombotic risk with initial tip placement in the SVC-right atrium junction vs. the SVC, right atrium, or inferior vena cava. Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia was a major clinical risk factor for thrombosis. Tip movement was common and may have been an important factor in the development of CVC-related thrombi. Prospective studies can yield insight into the role of follow-up imaging in the prevention of catheter-related thrombosis in children.

  5. Evaluation of mupirocin ointment in control of central venous catheter related infections: a randomized clinical trial

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    Rezaei J

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1":*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Central venous catheter (CVC related infections are important complications of cathter application. This study assessed the usefulness of mupirocin in prevention and control of these infections."n"nMethods: In this randomized clinical trial, consecutive surgical patients requiring central venous catheter (for more than 2 days in Amir-Alam Hospital from 2006-2008 were enrolled. Patients were divided in two groups; in "case group" patients received topical mupirocin 2% every 48 hours at the time of insertion of catheter and dressing change and for "control group" mupirocin was not used. All of the patients received chlorhexidine and enoxoparin as complementary treatments. Two groups were comparable in regard of age, sex and risk factors."n"nResults: One hundred eighteen patients enrolled in the study (57 in case and 61 in control group completed the study. 84 catheters in case group and 88 catheters in control group were inserted. The catheters in 90% of patients were inserted in jugular vein. At the end of study 29(16.8% patients (16 in control versus 13 in case group had catheter colonization (p=NS. Catheter related bloodstream infection was observed in 16(9.3% patients (6 in

  6. Sonication for diagnosis of catheter-related infection is not better than traditional roll-plate culture: a prospective cohort study with 975 central venous catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erb, Stefan; Frei, Reno; Schregenberger, Katharina; Dangel, Marc; Nogarth, Danica; Widmer, Andreas F

    2014-08-15

    This prospective randomized controlled study with 975 nontunneled central venous catheters (CVCs) showed that the semiquantitative roll-plate culture technique (SQC) was as accurate as the sonication method for diagnosis of catheter-related infections. Sonication is difficult to standardize, whereas SQC is simpler, faster, and as reliable as the sonication method for culturing CVCs.

  7. Radiographic inguinal curl may indicate paraspinal misplacement of percutaneously inserted central venous catheters: report of three cases

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    Chedid, Faris [Al Tawam Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, Al Ain, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Abbas, Adil [Royal Children' s Hospital, Department of Clinical Haematology/Oncology, Brisbane (Australia); Morris, Lloyd [Women' s and Children' s Hospital, Department of Medical Imaging, Adelaide (Australia)

    2005-07-01

    Misplacement of percutaneously inserted central venous catheters (PCVCs) into the paraspinal venous plexus can result in devastating outcomes. Several cases have been reported in the literature together with an explanation of the mechanism. To describe three premature babies with their PCVCs inserted through the left saphenous vein that ended up in the lumbar spinal dural venous plexus. Plain radiographs obtained to check positions showed an unusual 360 curl of the PCVC in the left inguinal area. We believe that misplacement of the catheter into the paraspinal venous plexus could be diagnosed with great accuracy if such a curl is seen. (orig.)

  8. Assessment of insertion techniques and complication rates of dual lumen central venous catheters in patients with hematological malignancies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.F.M. Jansen (Ruud); T. Wiggers (Theo); B.N. van Geel (Bert); W.L.J. van Putten (Wim)

    1990-01-01

    textabstractOne hundred and twenty-three dual lumen silicone rubber central venous catheters were inserted into 101 patients with hematological malignancies undergoing intensive treatment. There was a perioperative complication rate of 13%. Open and closed techniques for inserting the catheter were

  9. Prospective monocentric study of non-tunnelled central venous catheter-related complications in hematological patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nosari, Anna Maria; Nador, Guido; De Gasperi, Andrea; Ortisi, Giuseppe; Volonterio, Alberto; Cantoni, Silvia; Nichelatti, Michele; Marbello, Laura; Mazza, Ernestina; Mancini, Valentina; Ravelli, Erica; Ricci, Francesca; Ciapanna, Denis; Garrone, Federica; Gesu, Giovanni; Morra, Enrica

    2008-11-01

    Indwelling central venous catheters (CVCs) are used in the management of hematologic patients. However, insertion and maintenance of CVCs are susceptible to complications. Study design and methods data concerning 388 consecutive catheterisations, performed in oncohematologic patients between April 2003 and December 2004, were prospectively collected. At insertion thrombocytopenia was present in 109 cases (28.1%) and neutropenia in 67 (17.3%). Hemorrhage after CVC insertion occurred in five thrombocytopenic patients (1.3%). The median duration of catheterisation was 18.8 days (range 1-89), longer in the 7-French CVCs utilised in leukemic patients (24.3 days) and shorter in 12-French CVCs (11 days), used for PBSC harvesting. Deep venous thrombosis was diagnosed in 13 cases (3.3%). Ninety-two catheterisations (12.6/1000 days-catheter) were complicated by infections: 19 local infections (4.8%) and 73 (18.8%) bacteraemias of which 45 (11.6%) were catheter-related, mainly due to Gram positive germs (32/45, 71.1%). The frequency of catheter-related bacteraemia was 7.2 events/1000 days-catheter. Thirteen CVCs were removed due to thrombosis, 15 due to infections, 20 due to malfunction, the remaining 333 at patients discharge. At univariate analysis high-dose chemotherapy (p = 0.013), 7-Fr lumen (p = 0.023), acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (p = 0.001), duration of neutropenia >10 days and length of catheterisation were significantly correlated to infection. Multivariate analysis confirmed the duration of catheterisation, AML and high-dose chemotherapy as risk factors. Even though hematological in-patients are at increased risk for bleeding and infections, non-tunnelled CVCs offer a safe venous access also in patients affected by severe thrombocytopenia and prolonged neutropenia.

  10. Single-centre experience with tunnelled central venous catheters in 150 cancer patients.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koolen, D.A.; Laarhoven, H.W.M. van; Wobbes, Th.; Punt, C.J.A.

    2002-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Tunnelled venous catheters improve venous access in cancer patients, but are associated with complications. We retrospectively analysed the outcome of Hickman catheter and Port-A-Cath (PAC) insertion in cancer patients from a department of medical oncology and compared these results with

  11. An Endovascular Approach to the Entrapped Central Venous Catheter After Cardiac Surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Desai, Shamit S., E-mail: shamit.desai@northwestern.edu [Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Department of Radiology (United States); Konanur, Meghana [Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine (United States); Foltz, Gretchen [Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology at Washington University, Interventional Radiology (United States); Malaisrie, S. Chris [Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery (United States); Resnick, Scott, E-mail: sresnick@northwestern.edu [Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Interventional Radiology, Northwestern Memorial Hospital (United States)

    2016-03-15

    PurposeEntrapment of central venous catheters (CVC) at the superior vena cava (SVC) cardiopulmonary bypass cannulation site by closing purse-string sutures is a rare complication of cardiac surgery. Historically, resternotomy has been required for suture release. An endovascular catheter release approach was developed.Materials and MethodsFour cases of CVC tethering against the SVC wall and associated resistance to removal, suggestive of entrapment, were encountered. In each case, catheter removal was achieved using a reverse catheter fluoroscopically guided over the suture fixation point between catheter and SVC wall, followed by the placement of a guidewire through the catheter. The guidewire was snared and externalized to create a through-and-through access with the apex of the loop around the suture. A snare placed from the femoral venous access provided concurrent downward traction on the distal CVC during suture release maneuvers.ResultsIn the initial attempt, gentle traction freed the CVC, which fractured and was removed in two sections. In the subsequent three cases, traction alone did not release the CVC. Therefore, a cutting balloon was introduced over the guidewire and inflated. Gentle back-and-forth motion of the cutting balloon atherotomes successfully incised the suture in all three attempts. No significant postprocedural complications were encountered. During all cases, a cardiovascular surgeon was present in the interventional suite and prepared for emergent resternotomy, if necessary.ConclusionAn endovascular algorithm to the “entrapped CVC” is proposed, which likely reduces risks posed by resternotomy to cardiac surgery patients in the post-operative period.

  12. Central Venous Catheter-Associated Pericardial Tamponade in a 6-Day Old: A Case Report

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    Swati O. Arya

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Pericardial effusion (PCE and tamponade can cause significant morbidity and mortality in neonates. Such cases have been reported in the literature in various contexts. Case Presentation. A 6-day old neonate with meconium aspiration syndrome and persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn on high frequency oscillator ventilation and inhaled nitric oxide was referred to our hospital with a large pericardial effusion causing hemodynamic compromise. Prompt pericardiocentesis led to significant improvement in the cardio-respiratory status and removal of the central line prevented the fluid from reaccumulating. Cellular and biochemical analysis aided in the diagnosis of catheter related etiology with possibility of infusate diffusion into the pericardial space. Conclusion. We present this paper to emphasize the importance of recognizing this uncommon but serious complication of central venous catheters in intensive care units. We also discuss the proposed hypothesis for the mechanism of production of PCE.

  13. [Survival and complication rate of central venous catheters in newborns].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, Heladia Josefa; Torres-Yáñez, Héctor Leonardo

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: los catéteres venosos centrales (CVC) son de gran utilidad en la práctica médica actual; sin embargo, no están exentos de riesgos, lo que incrementa la morbilidad y mortalidad, especialmente en los recién nacidos (RN). El objetivo fue registrar la frecuencia de complicaciones de los CVC y su duración en RN en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales (UCIN) de tercer nivel. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, prolectivo en la UCIN del Hospital de Pediatría del Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI. Se registraron variables demográficas, perinatales y del CVC. Resultados: se incluyeron 123 RN a quienes se les colocaron 152 CVC. La técnica más usada para la inserción del CVC fue la punción (percutánea o subclavia) en 56.6 % (n = 86). En 48.7 % (n = 74) de los CVC se presentó alguna complicación. Las más frecuentes fueron colonización en 32.4 % (n = 24) y bacteriemia relacionada con CVC en 27 % (n = 20). La probabilidad de duración de los CVC libres de complicaciones fue de 93.4 % a los 10 días y de 91.4 % a los 17 días. Los catéteres venosos no centrales tuvieron menor probabilidad de duración. Conclusión: la mayoría de las complicaciones de los CVC se presentaron en las primeras dos semanas de haber sido instalados. Las complicaciones infecciosas fueron las más frecuentes.

  14. Air Embolism after Central Venous Catheter Removal: Fibrin Sheath as the Portal of Persistent Air Entry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meggiolaro Marco

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Central venous catheterization is of common practice in intensive care units; despite representing an essential device in various clinical circumstances, it represents a source of complications, sometimes even fatal, related to its management. We report the removal of a central venous catheter (CVC that had been wrongly positioned through left internal jugular vein. The vein presented complete thrombosis at vascular ultrasonography. An echocardiogram performed 24 hours after CVC removal showed the presence, apparently unjustified, of microbubbles in right chambers of the heart. A neck-thorax CT scan showed the presence of air bubbles within the left internal jugular vein, left innominate vein, and left subclavian vein. A vascular ultrasonography, focused on venous catheter insertion site, disclosed the presence of a vein-to-dermis fistula, as portal of air entry. Only after air occlusive dressing, we documented echographic disappearance of air bubbles within the right cardiac cavity. This report emphasizes possible air entry even many hours after CVC removal, making it mandatory to perform 24–72-hour air occlusive dressing or, when inadequate, to perform a purse string.

  15. We still go for the jugular: implications of the 3SITES central venous catheter study for nephrology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyatt, Christina M; Vassalotti, Joseph A

    2016-03-01

    The 3SITES study randomly assigned a nontunneled central venous catheter site in over 3000 adults treated in intensive care units. The subclavian site was associated with a lower rate of short-term complications, including catheter-related bloodstream infection and deep venous thrombosis, compared to the femoral or internal jugular site. Nephrologists should be aware of this study and should continue to advocate for alternatives to subclavian vein catheter placement in patients with chronic kidney disease who are expected to require arteriovenous access for dialysis in the future.

  16. How long should umbilical venous catheters remain in place in neonates who require long-term (≥5-7 days) central venous access?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keir, Amy; Giesinger, Regan; Dunn, Michael

    2014-08-01

    In this evidenced-based review, we examine the current available literature to help answer the question 'In neonates requiring long-term central access [patient], does removal of the umbilical venous catheter (UVC) on days 5-7 and replacement with a peripherally inserted central catheter line [intervention] compared with leaving the UVC in situ [comparison] reduce rates of central line-associated bloodstream infections [outcome]?'

  17. Three-Dimensional Imaging of a Central Venous Dialysis Catheter Related Infected Thrombus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Yuan Yng Chiu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Three-dimensional (3D echocardiography is becoming widely available and with novel applications. We report an interesting case of a 68-year-old lady with a central venous thrombosis coincident with both a dialysis catheter infection and a recent pacemaker insertion. Two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography was unable to delineate whether the thrombosis was involved with the pacemaker wire or due to the tunneled catheter infection. The use of 3D echocardiography was able to produce distinct images aiding diagnosis. This circumvented the need for invasive investigations and inappropriate, high-risk removal of the pacing wire. This case highlights the emerging application of 3D echocardiography in routine nephrology practice.

  18. Three-Dimensional Imaging of a Central Venous Dialysis Catheter Related Infected Thrombus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Diana Yuan Yng; Green, Darren; Kalra, Philip A.; Abidin, Nik

    2015-01-01

    Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography is becoming widely available and with novel applications. We report an interesting case of a 68-year-old lady with a central venous thrombosis coincident with both a dialysis catheter infection and a recent pacemaker insertion. Two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography was unable to delineate whether the thrombosis was involved with the pacemaker wire or due to the tunneled catheter infection. The use of 3D echocardiography was able to produce distinct images aiding diagnosis. This circumvented the need for invasive investigations and inappropriate, high-risk removal of the pacing wire. This case highlights the emerging application of 3D echocardiography in routine nephrology practice. PMID:26688761

  19. To clot or not to clot? That is the question in central venous catheters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cadman, A.; Lawrance, J.A.L. E-mail: jeremy.lawrance@btopenworld.com; Fitzsimmons, L.; Spencer-Shaw, A.; Swindell, R

    2004-04-01

    AIM: To establish the relationship between the tip position of tunnelled central venous catheters (CVC) and the incidence of venous thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomly sampled, retrospective review of 428 CVC inserted into 334 patients was performed. The chest radiograph obtained post-catheter insertion, as well as follow-up radiographs, linograms, venograms and Doppler ultrasounds (US), were reviewed. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 72 days (range 1-720 days), with a total follow-up of 23,040 line days. Venous thrombosis occurred in five out of 191 (2.6%) CVC in a distal position (distal third of the superior vena cava (SVC) or right atrium (RA)), five of 95 (5.3%) in an intermediate position (middle third of the SVC) and 20 of 48 (41.7%) in a proximal position (proximal third SVC or thoracic inlet veins). There was a significant difference in thrombosis rate between lines sited with the tip in a distal compared with a proximal position (p<0.0005). CVC with tips in a proximal position were 16 times more likely to thrombose than those in a distal position. None of the 58 CVC with the tip located in the RA thrombosed or caused complications. CONCLUSION: Distal placement of tunnelled CVC, either in the distal third of the SVC or proximal RA is optimal.

  20. Central venous stenosis in haemodialysis patients without a previous history of catheter placement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oguzkurt, Levent [Baskent University, Adana Teaching and Medical Research Centre, Department of Radiology, Adana (Turkey)]. E-mail: loguzkurt@yahoo.com; Tercan, Fahri [Baskent University, Adana Teaching and Medical Research Centre, Department of Radiology, Adana (Turkey); Yildirim, Sedat [Baskent University, Adana Teaching and Medical Research Centre, Department of Surgery, Adana (Turkey); Torun, Dilek [Baskent University, Adana Teaching and Medical Research Centre, Department of Nephrology, Adana (Turkey)

    2005-08-01

    Objective: To evaluate dialysis history, imaging findings and outcome of endovascular treatment in six patients with central venous stenosis without a history of previous catheter placement. Material and methods: Between April 2000 and June 2004, six (10%) of 57 haemodialysis patients had stenosis of a central vein without a previous central catheter placement. Venography findings and outcome of endovascular treatment in these six patients were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were three women (50%) and three men aged 32-60 years (mean age: 45 years) and all had massive arm swelling as the main complaint. The vascular accesses were located at the elbow in five patients and at the wrist in one patient. Results: Three patients had stenosis of the left subclavian vein and three patients had stenosis of the left brachiocephalic vein. The mean duration of the vascular accesses from the time of creation was 25.1 months. Flow volumes of the vascular access were very high in four patients who had flow volume measurement. The mean flow volume was 2347 ml/min. One of three patients with brachiocephalic vein stenosis had compression of the vein by the brachiocephalic artery. All the lesions were first treated with balloon angioplasty and two patients required stent placement on long term. Number of interventions ranged from 1 to 4 (mean: 2.1). Symptoms resolved in five patients and improved in one patient who had a stent placed in the left BCV. Conclusion: Central venous stenosis in haemodialysis patients without a history of central venous catheterization tends to occur or be manifested in patients with a proximal permanent vascular access with high flow rates. Balloon angioplasty with or without stent placement offers good secondary patency rates in mid-term.

  1. Peripherally inserted central venous catheter safety in burn care: a single-center retrospective cohort review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, Ryan E; Shahrokhi, Shahriar; Bolourani, Siavash; Jeschke, Marc G

    2015-01-01

    The use of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line for central venous access in thermally injured patients has increased in recent years despite a lack of evidence regarding safety in this patient population. A recent survey of invasive catheter practices among 44 burn centers in the United States found that 37% of burn units use PICC lines as part of their treatment protocol. The goal of this study was to compare PICC-associated complication rates with the existing literature in both the critical care and burn settings. The methodology involved is a single institution retrospective cohort review of patients who received a PICC line during admission to a regional burn unit between 2008 and 2013. Fifty-three patients were identified with a total of seventy-three PICC lines. The primary outcome measurement for this study was indication for PICC line discontinuation. The most common reason for PICC line discontinuation was that the line was no longer indicated (45.2%). Four cases of symptomatic upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (5.5%) and three cases of central line-associated bloodstream infection (4.3%, 2.72 infections per 1000 line days) were identified. PICC lines were in situ an average of 15 days (range 1 to 49 days). We suggest that PICC line-associated complication rates are similar to those published in the critical care literature. Though these rates are higher than those published in the burn literature, they are similar to central venous catheter-associated complication rates. While PICC lines can be a useful resource in the treatment of the thermally injured patient, they are associated with significant and potentially fatal risks.

  2. Incidence and risk factors for central venous catheter-related thrombosis in hematological patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joks, Monika; Czyż, Anna; Popławski, Dariusz; Komarnicki, Mieczysław

    2014-01-01

    Catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) is a serious complication in hematological patients, but the risk factors for its occurrence are not well established. The study objectives were to estimate the incidence of CRT and to identify the risk factors for developing CRT in hematological patients. In a prospective setting, 104 consecutive patients with 200 insertions of central venous catheters were enrolled into the study. The patients were screened for CRT by compression Doppler ultrasound every 10-14 days. Additionally, ultrasonography was performed in the case of clinical symptoms suggesting CRT. Over the course of 6,098 catheter days of follow-up, the incidence of CRT was 13.5 %. In 18/27 cases (66.6 %), radiological evidence of CRT was preceded by clinical symptoms. However, in 9/27 (33.3 %), CRT was clinically asymptomatic. The median times to symptomatic and asymptomatic CRT were 17 (range 1-49) and 8 (range 1-16) catheter days, respectively. In univariate analysis, the risk factors for CRT were exit-site infection (ESI) (P risk of CRT. The results of our study provide information regarding the characteristic features of the patients who are at high risk of thrombosis, for whom Doppler ultrasound screening should be considered.

  3. Management of complications related to central venous catheters in cancer patients: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linnemann, Birgit

    2014-04-01

    Central venous catheters (CVCs) are important for the treatment of patients with cancer, especially in the perioperative and palliative care settings. These devices not only allow for the administration of chemotherapy, parenteral nutrition, and other intravenous therapies, but they may also improve the patients' quality of life by reducing the need for repeated peripheral venipunctures. Thrombotic and infectious complications are common, especially in the long-term use of CVCs. There are different types of thrombotic complications associated with CVCs, that is, a thrombotic occlusion of the catheter, a mural thrombus at the catheter tip and classical deep vein thrombosis, which occurs most frequently in the upper extremity where the majority of long-term catheters are inserted. Infections are common complications associated with CVCs. Patients with cancer who receive intensive chemotherapy and those patients who undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation have a markedly increased risk for insertion site and bloodstream infections. In this review, the epidemiology and risk factors that predispose patients to CVC-related thrombosis and infection are discussed. The diagnostic and therapeutic options according to the published data and the current guidelines are summarized and data for establishing primary and secondary preventative strategies are provided.

  4. Injection of gadolinium contrast through pediatric central venous catheters: a safety study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moriarty, John M.; Ramos, Yanerys; Finn, J.P. [University of California, Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Kung, Geoffrey L. [University of California, Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA (United States); University of California, Biomedical Engineering Interdepartmental Program, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Moghaddam, Abbas N. [University of California, Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ennis, Daniel B. [University of California, Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA (United States); University of California, Biomedical Engineering Interdepartmental Program, Los Angeles, CA (United States); University of California, Biomedical Physics Interdepartmental Program, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    2012-09-15

    Catheter rupture during CT angiography has prompted policies prohibiting the use of electronic injectors with peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) not only for CT but also for MRI. Consequently, many institutions mandate hand injection for MR angiography, limiting precision of infusion rates and durations of delivery. To determine whether electronic injection of gadolinium-based contrast media through a range of small-caliber, single-lumen PICCs would be safe without risk of catheter rupture over the range of clinical protocols and determine whether programmed flow rates and volumes were realized when using PICCs for contrast delivery. Experiments were performed and recorded using the Medrad Spectris Solaris EP MR Injection System. PICC sizes, contrast media and flow rates were based on common institutional protocols. No catheters were damaged during any experiments. Mean difference between programmed and delivered volume was 0.07 {+-} 0.10 mL for all experiments. Reduced flow rates and prolonged injection durations were observed when the injector's pressure-limiting algorithm was triggered, only in protocols outside the clinical range. PICCs commonly used in children can withstand in vitro power injection of gadolinium-based contrast media at protocols significantly above clinical levels. (orig.)

  5. Are central venous catheter tip cultures reliable after 6-day refrigeration?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouza, Emilio; Guembe, Maria; Gómez, Haydee; Martín-Rabadán, Pablo; Rivera, Marisa; Alcalá, Luis

    2009-07-01

    Present guidelines recommend culturing only central venous catheter (CVC) tips from patients with suspected catheter-related bloodstream infection (CR-BSI). However, a high proportion of these suspicions are not confirmed. Moreover, CVC tip culture increases laboratory workload, and reports of colonization may be meaningless or misleading for the clinician. Our working hypothesis was that CVC tips should be refrigerated and cultured only in patients with positive blood cultures. We evaluated the effect of 6-day refrigeration of 215 CVC tips. We selected all the catheters with a significant count according to the Maki's roll-plate technique and randomly assigned them to 2 groups. In group A, the catheters were recultured after 24 h of refrigeration, and in group B, the catheters were recultured after 6 days more of refrigeration, so that the refrigeration time evaluated would be of 6 days. The yield of refrigerated CVC tips that grow significant colony counts of primary culture in group B was compared with the yield of refrigerated catheter tips in group A. The difference showed that 6-day refrigeration reduced the number of significant CVCs by 15.2%. Only 61 CVCs were obtained from patients with CR-BSI, and in most of them, blood cultures were already positive before CVC culture, so only 0.91% of the CR-BSI episodes would have been misdiagnosed as culture negative after refrigeration. Refrigeration of CVC tips sent for culture and culturing only those from patients with positive blood cultures reduce the workload in the microbiology laboratory without misdiagnosing CR-BSI.

  6. The pericardial reflection and the tip of the central venous catheter - topographical analysis in stillborn babies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eifinger, Frank; Vierzig, Anne; Roth, Bernhard [University Children' s Hospital, Department of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine and Neonatology, Cologne (Germany); Scaal, Martin [University of Cologne, Institute of Anatomy II, Cologne (Germany); Koerber, Friederike [University of Cologne, Department of Radiology, Cologne (Germany)

    2016-10-15

    Central venous cannulation is widely used in neonatal critical care. Pericardial tamponade caused by vessel wall perforation can occur if the catheter tip induces extravasation at the level of the pericardium. To investigate the level of the superior pericardial reflection in stillborn babies. We dissected 20 bodies (11 female, mean gestational age 33 6/7 weeks, range 25-43 weeks), with careful opening of the thoracic area. After injecting contrast medium into the pericardial sac, we introduced a catheter through the right internal jugular vein. We then took radiographs to analyse the relationship between visual osseous landmarks and the pericardium. Mean distance between the pericardial reflection at its upper end and the first thoracic vertebra was 1.3 cm (standard deviation [SD]: 0.3 cm) and did not extend over the 3rd intercostal space. The mean distance from the entry of the superior vena cava into the pericardial sac and the 1st thoracic vertebra was 2.3 cm (SD: 0.5). The upper end of the pericardial reflection in neonates at autopsy lies below the middle of the 3rd thoracic vertebra. The tip of an upper inserted catheter should not extend below the level of the 3rd intercostal space. (orig.)

  7. Hospital-wide multidisciplinary, multimodal intervention programme to reduce central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infection.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Zingg

    Full Text Available Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI is the major complication of central venous catheters (CVC. The aim of the study was to test the effectiveness of a hospital-wide strategy on CLABSI reduction. Between 2008 and 2011, all CVCs were observed individually and hospital-wide at a large university-affiliated, tertiary care hospital. CVC insertion training started from the 3rd quarter and a total of 146 physicians employed or newly entering the hospital were trained in simulator workshops. CVC care started from quarter 7 and a total of 1274 nurses were trained by their supervisors using a web-based, modular, e-learning programme. The study included 3952 patients with 6353 CVCs accumulating 61,366 catheter-days. Hospital-wide, 106 patients had 114 CLABSIs with a cumulative incidence of 1.79 infections per 100 catheters. We observed a significant quarterly reduction of the incidence density (incidence rate ratios [95% confidence interval]: 0.92 [0.88-0.96]; P<0.001 after adjusting for multiple confounders. The incidence densities (n/1000 catheter-days in the first and last study year were 2.3/1000 and 0.7/1000 hospital-wide, 1.7/1000 and 0.4/1000 in the intensive care units, and 2.7/1000 and 0.9/1000 in non-intensive care settings, respectively. Median time-to-infection was 15 days (Interquartile range, 8-22. Our findings suggest that clinically relevant reduction of hospital-wide CLABSI was reached with a comprehensive, multidisciplinary and multimodal quality improvement programme including aspects of behavioural change and key principles of good implementation practice. This is one of the first multimodal, multidisciplinary, hospital-wide training strategies successfully reducing CLABSI.

  8. Chronic Complications After Femoral Central Venous Catheter-related Thrombosis in Critically Ill Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sol, Jeanine J; Knoester, Hennie; de Neef, Marjorie; Smets, Anne M J B; Betlem, Aukje; van Ommen, C Heleen

    2015-08-01

    Prescription of thromboprophylaxis is not a common practice in pediatric intensive care units. Most thrombi are catheter-related and asymptomatic, without causing acute complications. However, chronic complications of these (a)symptomatic catheter-related thrombi, that is, postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) and residual thrombosis have not been studied. To investigate these complications, critically ill children of 1 tertiary center with percutaneous inserted femoral central venous catheters (FCVCs) were prospectively followed. Symptomatic FCVC-thrombosis occurred in 10 of the 134 children (7.5%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.4-9.5). Only FCVC-infection appeared to be independently associated (P=0.001) with FCVC-thrombosis. At follow-up 2 of the 5 survivors diagnosed with symptomatic thrombosis developed mild PTS; one of them had an occluded vein on ultrasonography. A survivor without PTS had a partial occluded vein at follow-up. Asymptomatic FCVC-thrombosis occurred in 3 of the 42 children (7.1%; 95% CI, 0.0-16.7) screened by ultrasonography within 72 hours after catheter removal. At follow-up, mild PTS was present in 6 of the 33 (18.2%; 95% CI, 6.1-30.3) screened children. Partial and total vein occlusion was present in 1 (3%) and 4 (12%) children, respectively. In conclusion, children on pediatric intensive care units are at risk for (a)symptomatic FCVC-thrombosis, especially children with FCVC-infection. Chronic complications of FCVC-thrombosis are common. Therefore, thromboprophylaxis guidelines are warranted in pediatric intensive care units to minimize morbidity as a result of FCVC-thrombosis.

  9. On-demand antimicrobial release from a temperature-sensitive polymer - Comparison with ad libitum release from central venous catheters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sjollema, Jelmer; Dijkstra, Rene J.B.; Abeln, Caroline; van der Mei, Henderina; Van Asseldonk, Dirk; Busscher, Hendrik

    2014-01-01

    Antimicrobial releasing biomaterial coatings have found application for instance in the fixation of orthopedic joint prostheses and central venous catheters. Most frequently, the release kinetics is such that antimicrobially-effective concentrations are only reached within the first days to weeks af

  10. Risk of thrombosis and infections of central venous catheters and totally implanted access ports in patients treated for cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.M.J. Beckers; H.J.T. Ruven; C.A. Seldenrijk; M.H. Prins; D.H. Biesma

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Thrombosis and infections are well known complications of central venous catheters and totally implanted access ports. These complications lead to increased costs due to prolonged hospitalisation, increased antibiotics use and need for replacement. The objectives of the study were to d

  11. International clinical practice guidelines for the treatment and prophylaxis of thrombosis associated with central venous catheters in patients with cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Debourdeau, P.; Farge, D.; Beckers, M.; Baglin, C.; Bauersachs, R. M.; Brenner, B.; Brilhante, D.; Falanga, A.; Gerotzafias, G. T.; Haim, N.; Kakkar, A. K.; Khorana, A. A.; Lecumberri, R.; Mandala, M.; Marty, M.; Monreal, M.; Mousa, S. A.; Noble, S.; Pabinger, I.; Prandoni, P.; Prins, M. H.; Qari, M. H.; Streiff, M. B.; Syrigos, K.; Buller, H. R.; Bounameaux, H.

    2013-01-01

    . Background: Although long-term indwelling central venous catheters (CVCs) may lead to pulmonary embolism (PE) and loss of the CVC, there is lack of consensus on management of CVC-related thrombosis (CRT) in cancer patients and heterogeneity in clinical practices worldwide. Objectives: To establish

  12. Tricuspid valve endocarditis following central venous cannulation: The increasing problem of catheter related infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suresh Babu Kale

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A central venous catheter (CVC is inserted for measurement of haemodynamic variables, delivery of nutritional supplements and drugs and access for haemodialysis and haemofiltration. Catheterization and maintenance are common practices and there is more to the technique than routine placement as evident when a procedure-related complication occurs. More than 15% of the patients who receive CVC placement have some complications and infectious endocarditis involving the tricuspid valve is a rare and serious complication with high morbidity and mortality. Overenthusiastic and deep insertion of the guide wire and forceful injection through the CVC may lead to injury of the tricuspid valve and predispose to bacterial deposition and endocarditis. We report a case of tricuspid valve endocarditis, probably secondary to injury of the anterior tricuspid leaflet by the guide wire or the CVC that required open heart surgery with vegetectomy and repair of the tricuspid valve.

  13. Improved ex vivo blood compatibility of central venous catheter with noble metal alloy coating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vafa Homann, Manijeh; Johansson, Dorota; Wallen, Håkan; Sanchez, Javier

    2016-10-01

    Central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are a serious cause of morbidity and mortality induced by the use of central venous catheters (CVCs). Nobel metal alloy (NMA) coating is an advanced surface modification that prevents microbial adhesion and growth on catheters and thereby reduces the risk of infection. In vitro microbiological analyses have shown up to 90% reduction in microbial adhesion on coated CVC compared to uncoated ones. This study aimed to assess the blood compatibility of NMA-coated CVC according to ISO 10993-4. Hemolysis, thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) complex, platelet counts, fibrin deposition, and C3a and SC5b-9 complement activation were analyzed in human blood exposed to the NMA-coated and control CVCs using a Chandler-loop model. NMA-coated CVC did not induce hemolysis and fell in the "nonhemolytic" category according to ASTM F756-00. Significantly lower amounts of TAT were generated and less fibrin was deposited on NMA-coated CVC than on uncoated ones. Slightly higher platelet counts and lower complement markers were observed for NMA-coated CVC compared to uncoated ones. These data suggest that the NMA-coated CVC has better ex vivo blood compatibility compared to uncoated CVC. © 2015 The Authors Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 104B: 1359-1365, 2016.

  14. Standardizing central venous catheter care by using observations from patients with cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weingart, Saul N; Hsieh, Candace; Lane, Sharon; Cleary, Angela M

    2014-06-01

    To understand the vulnerability of patients with cancer to central line-associated bloodstream infections related to tunneled central venous catheters (CVCs), patients were asked to describe their line care at home and in clinic and to characterize their knowledge and experience managing CVCs. Forty-five adult patients with cancer were recruited to participate. Patients were interviewed about the type of line, duration of use, and observations of variations in line care. They also were asked about differences between line care at home and in the clinic, precautions taken when bathing, and their education regarding line care. Demographic information and primary cancer diagnosis were taken from the patients' medical records. Patients with hematologic and gastrointestinal malignancies were heavily represented. The majority had tunneled catheters with subcutaneous implanted ports. Participants identified variations in practice among nurses who cared for them. Although many participants expressed confidence in their knowledge of line care, some were uncertain about what to do if the dressing became loose or wet, or how to recognize an infection. Patients seemed to be astute observers of their own care and offered insights into practice variation. Their observations show that CVC care practices should be standardized, and educational interventions should be created to address patients' knowledge deficits.

  15. ULTRASONOGRAPHY GUIDANCE FOR CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETE R – A PROSPECTIVE STUDY FOR PATIENT’S SAFETY & QUALITY CARE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siddharth Kumar. B

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Context: A central venous line access is very importance in management of the critically ill patients even thoug h, it may carry a risk of complications. AIMS: Objective of this study is to assess and compare s uccess rate, attempts of cannulation and complications like inadvertent arterial puncture, hem atoma, and pneumothorax occurred during the Central Venous Catheter (CVC placement using ultrasound guidance (USG & anatomical landmark guidance (ALG. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The prospective randomized study was carried out in 64 patients for right sided internal jugular vein CVC placement. Using computer generated randomization chart, all patients were divided randomly into two groups: Group USG and Group ALG. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Right sided internal jugular vein (IJV was cannulated with the guidance of ultrasound and anatomical landmark, respectively in group USG and group ALG. Patients were observed & data we re recorded for success rate, no. of attempts, and complications like inadvertent arterial puncture, hematoma, and pneumothorax STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED : Database was analysed using graphpad prism 5 softwar e. RESULTS: Success rate is 31 out of 32 (96.88% in group USG while 24 out of 32 (75% in group ALG (p =0.031. Placement of central venous catheter with 1 st attempt is 28 out of 32 (87.50% in group USG while 18 out of 32 (56.25% in group ALG (p =0.012. Hematoma and overall complications are 0 versus 6 (18.75% in group USG & ALG respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound guided central venous catheter placement is easy, safer & prudent approach than the anatomical landmark guided central venous cathe ter placement. KEY MESSAGES: We believe that Ultrasound guidance should be encourag ed for all central venous catheter placements in patients & thereby improving patient’s sa fety and quality care.

  16. A role for peripherally inserted central venous catheters in the prevention of catheter-related blood stream infections in patients with hematological malignancies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakai, Toshiro; Kohda, Kyuhei; Konuma, Yuichi; Hiraoka, Yasuko; Ichikawa, Yukari; Ono, Kaoru; Horiguchi, Hiroto; Tatekoshi, Ayumi; Takada, Kouichi; Iyama, Satoshi; Kato, Junji

    2014-12-01

    Central venous catheter-related blood stream infections (CR-BSIs) are a serious complication in patients with hematological malignancies. However, it remains unclear whether there is a difference in the rate of CR-BSI associated with the conventional type of central venous catheters (cCVCs) and peripherally inserted CVCs (PICCs) in such patients. To address this question, we retrospectively investigated the incidence of CR-BSIs associated with PICCs versus cCVCs in patients with hematological malignancies. We used PICCs in all consecutive patients requiring CVC placement between February 2009 and February 2013. We compared the CR-BSI rate in patients with PICCs with that in patients with cCVCs treated between September 2006 and January 2009 (control group). Eighty-four patients received PICCs and 85 received cCVCs. The most common reason for removal due to catheter-related complications was CR-BSI. The CR-BSI rate in the PICC group was significantly lower than that in the cCVC group (PICCs: 1.23/1000 catheter days; cCVCs: 5.30/1000 catheter days; P Catheter-related complications other than CR-BSIs occurred at an extremely low rate in the PICC group. The median catheter-related complication-free survival duration was significantly longer in the PICC group than in the cCVC group. Our study shows that PICCs are useful in patients with hematological malignancies.

  17. PROPHYLACTIC ADMINISTRATION OF DOXYCYCLINE REDUCES CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETER INFECTIONS IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING HEMATOPOIETIC CELL TRANSPLANTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Kharfan-Dabaja

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Hematopoietic stem cells are usually transfused through a central venous catheter (CVC, which also facilitates administration of medications and intravenous fluids. We had observed high rate of catheter-related blood-stream infection (CR-BSI at our Bone Marrow Transplantation (BMT unit despite prescribing fluoroquinolones for anti-bacterial prophylaxis. Accordingly, we implemented prophylactic use of a relatively inexpensive broad spectrum antibiotic, namely doxycycline to address this problem. We wanted to investigate whether doxycycline prophylaxis reduces CR-BSI rate. Data was collected retrospectively on 54 consecutive patients, 26 of whom received doxycycline (doxycycline group, and we compared their outcomes to a previous cohort of 28 patients who did not receive doxycycline (comparison group. The groups were comparable in regards to age, gender, hematopoietic cell transplant type, and primary diagnosis. No CVC infection (0% was observed in the doxycycline group, while 5 infection episodes (18.5% occurred in 4 patients in the comparison group (p<0.001. Episodes of CR-BSI were due to: Escherichia-coli (EC=1, coagulase-negative Staphylococcus-spp (CNSS=2, both EC & CNSS=1. Our results demonstrate that CR-BSI was reduced significantly after introducing doxycycline. This finding suggests a beneficial role for systemic use of doxycycline prophylaxis to prevent CR-BSI in adult BMT patients. Nevertheless, a randomized controlled study is warranted to confirm these findings.

  18. Inserting central venous catheter in emergency conditions in coagulopathic patients in comparison to noncoagulopathic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Nasr-Esfahani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The current study was designed to compare the complications and adverse effects of central venous catheter (CVC insertion under ultrasound guidance in patients with and without coagulopathy. Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, 59 patients who needed CVC for various reasons were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups of those with and without coagulopathy based on complete blood count, prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, and international normalized ratio test results, and then, CVC was inserted with ultrasound guidance in both groups. The CVC inserting site was examined for hematoma and hemorrhage in four stages at different times. Results: There was no significant difference in the terms of demographic features, catheter lumen size (P = 0.43, and number of attempting for CVC placement (odds ratio [OR] =2.35, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.36–15.3, P = 0.39 between two groups. Seven out of 59 patients suffered from complications (11.9% that the complications in coagulopathic patients were oozing (5.7% and superficial hematoma (8.6% while in noncoagulopathic patients were 4.2% for both complications (OR = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.09–3.07, P = 0.767. Conclusion: According to our results, it can be concluded that inserting CVC with ultrasound guidance under emergency conditions causes no serious and life-threatening complications in coagulopathic patients.

  19. A corrosive oesophageal burn model in rats: Double-lumen central venous catheter usage

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    Vedat Bakan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: We aimed to create a new and less invasive experimental corrosive oesophageal burn model using a catheter without a gastric puncture (gastrotomy. Materials and Methods: We conducted the study with two groups composed of 8 male rats. The experimental oesophageal burn was established by the application of 10% sodium hydroxide to the distal oesophagus under a pressure of 20 cmH 2 O, via 5-F double-lumen central venous catheter without a gastrotomy. The control group was given 0.9% sodium chloride. All rats were killed 24 h after administration of NaOH or 0.9% NaCl. Histologic damage to oesophageal tissue was scored by a single pathologist blind to groups. Results: The rats in the control group were observed to have no pathological changes. Corrosive oesophagitis (tissue congestion, oedema, inflammation, ulcer and necrosis was observed in rats exposed to NaOH. Conclusion: We believe that an experimental corrosive oesophageal burn can safely be created under same hydrostatic pressure without a gastric puncture using this model.

  20. Late onset of clinically apparent central vein stenosis due to previous central venous catheter in a patient with inherited thrombophilia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eleftheriadis, Theodoros; Liakopoulos, Vassilios; Antoniadi, Georgia; Pissas, Georgios; Leivaditis, Konstantinos; Stefanidis, Ioannis

    2014-04-01

    We describe a case of a patient with a functional kidney transplant who was admitted to our department with clinically evident central vein stenosis (CVS) 7 years after the removal of a central venous catheter (CVC) from the right internal jugular vein. The catheter was used as a hemodialysis access for a 2-month period. In the interval before his last admission, the patient suffered two episodes of deep vein thrombosis. Investigation revealed heterozygosity for factor V Leiden, the most common inherited thrombophilia encountered in 5% of Caucasians, and anticoagulation treatment was started. Magnetic resonance angiography showed stenosis just after the convergence of the right subclavian vein with the internal jugular vein to the innominate vein. Transluminal angioplasty restored venous patency and right upper arm edema resolved. Coexistence of CVS, accompanied by hemodynamic changes and endothelial dysfunction, with thrombophilia fulfill all the elements of the Virchow's triad. Therefore, the patient was at great risk for central vein thrombosis, from which he was possibly protected by the early administration of anticoagulant treatment. This case indicates that CVS can be asymptomatic for several years after CVC removal and also raises the question if thrombophilia workup and investigation for CVS may be beneficial in every patient with CVC placement in order to avoid any harmful outcomes.

  1. Going with the flow or swimming against the tide: should children with central venous catheters swim?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jessica; Dalton, Meghan K; Duggan, Christopher; Lam, Shirley; Iglesias, Julie; Jaksic, Tom; Gura, Kathleen M

    2014-02-01

    Children who require long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) have central venous catheters (CVCs) in place to allow the safe and effective infusion of life-sustaining fluids and nutrition. Many consider recreational swimming to be a common part of childhood, but for some, the risk may outweigh the benefit. Children with CVCs may be at increased risk of exit site, tunnel, and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) if these catheters are immersed in water. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the current literature regarding the risk of infection for patients with CVCs who swim and determine if there is consensus among home PN (HPN) programs on this controversial issue. A total 45 articles were reviewed and 16 pediatric HPN programs were surveyed regarding swimming and CVCs. Due to the limited data available, a firm recommendation cannot be made. Recreational water associated outbreaks are well documented in the general public, as is the presence of human pathogens even in chlorinated swimming pools. As a medical team, practitioners can provide information and education regarding the potential risk, but ultimately the decision lies with the parents. If the parents decide swimming is worth the risk, they are encouraged to use products designed for this use and to change their child's dressing immediately after swimming. Due to our experience with a fatal event immediately after swimming, we continue to strongly discourage patients with CVCs from swimming. Further large and well-designed studies regarding the risk of swimming with a CVC are needed to make a strong, evidence-based recommendation.

  2. Use of cultivation-dependent and -independent techniques to assess contamination of central venous catheters: a pilot study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, M.K.; Thomsen, T.R.; Moser, C.;

    2008-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Catheters are the most common cause of nosocomial infections and are associated with increased risk of mortality, length of hospital stay and cost. Prevention of infections and fast and correct diagnosis is highly important. METHODS: In this study traditional semiquantitative...... culture-dependent methods for diagnosis of bacteria involved in central venous catheter-related infections as described by Maki were compared with the following culture-independent molecular biological methods: Clone libraries, denaturant gradient gel electrophoresis, phylogeny and fluorescence in situ...... observed on most of the catheters and were much more common than the cultivation-dependent methods indicated. CONCLUSION: The results show that diagnosis based on molecular methods improves the detection of microorganisms involved in central catheter-related infections. The importance...

  3. Port central venous catheters-associated bloodstream infection during outpatient-based chemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mauri, Davide; Roumbkou, Sofia; Michalopoulou, Stella; Tsali, Lamprini; Spiliopoulou, Anastasia; Panou, Charalampos; Valachis, Antonis; Panagopoulos, Angelos; Polyzos, Nikolaos P

    2010-12-01

    Central venous catheters (CVCs) are commonly used for the administration of intravenous chemotherapy in outpatient setting. Nevertheless, outbreaks of catheter-associated bloodstream infections had been reported from oncology centers. We describe a large outbreak of CVCs-associated Klebsiella oxytoca bloodstream infection, occurring in an oncology chemotherapy outpatient unit of northern Greece between October 2006 and May 2007. The outbreak involved approximately 10% of the patients with CVCs who were receiving home-based chemotherapy, and it represents the second larger outbreak of CVCs-associated BSIs due to Klebsiella oxytoca in oncology outpatient centers. We retrospectively analyzed the chain of investigations and prophylactic/diagnostic measures taken to eradicate the infection: (1) patients' chart audit, (2) estimation of the infection among asymptomatic patients, (3) implementation of the level of awareness of medical and paramedical personnel, (4) collection of samples from environment, medications and infusion materials, (5) critical appraisal of chemotherapeutical schemes and (6) cooperation with peripheral institutions. The isolation of Klebsiella oxytoca in a chemotherapy solution (infusional 5-FU in dextrose 5% solution within a 48 h pump) from a peripheral General Hospital and the prompt transmission of the data to the chemotherapy center played a key role for the management of the infection cluster. This is the first report that evidenced the detection of Klebsiella oxytoca within a chemotherapeutical preparation. Data transmission from peripheral hospitals to the central institution resulted in an important feedback that allowed a better estimation of the infection cluster and more tailored actions for the eradication of the infection.

  4. Central venous catheter use in severe malaria: time to reconsider the World Health Organization guidelines?

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    Hanson Josh

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To optimize the fluid status of adult patients with severe malaria, World Health Organization (WHO guidelines recommend the insertion of a central venous catheter (CVC and a target central venous pressure (CVP of 0-5 cmH2O. However there are few data from clinical trials to support this recommendation. Methods Twenty-eight adult Indian and Bangladeshi patients admitted to the intensive care unit with severe falciparum malaria were enrolled in the study. All patients had a CVC inserted and had regular CVP measurements recorded. The CVP measurements were compared with markers of disease severity, clinical endpoints and volumetric measures derived from transpulmonary thermodilution. Results There was no correlation between the admission CVP and patient outcome (p = 0.67 or disease severity (p = 0.33. There was no correlation between the baseline CVP and the concomitant extravascular lung water (p = 0.62, global end diastolic volume (p = 0.88 or cardiac index (p = 0.44. There was no correlation between the baseline CVP and the likelihood of a patient being fluid responsive (p = 0.37. On the occasions when the CVP was in the WHO target range patients were usually hypovolaemic and often had pulmonary oedema by volumetric measures. Seven of 28 patients suffered a complication of the CVC insertion, although none were fatal. Conclusion The WHO recommendation for the routine insertion of a CVC, and the maintenance of a CVP of 0-5 cmH2O in adults with severe malaria, should be reconsidered.

  5. Serious Gaming to Improve the Safety of Central Venous Catheter Placement

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    Daniel Katz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Approximately 5 million central venous catheters (CVCs are placed by physicians annually in the United States, with a complication rate of 15%.1 Guidelines and recommendations are continually being established and updated regarding CVC placement.2 While much has been done regarding training the technical skills of CVC placement using part-task trainers (i.e., mannequins, successfully finding and cannulating a central vein is but one part of the process. In fact, many steps designed to prevent untoward complications involve non-technical skills which are perhaps more important in training practitioners to safely place CVCs. First in aviation and now in healthcare, practitioners are being trained in realistic and highly interactive simulated environments so they can learn not just technical skills , but the key management and non-technical steps which make their task safer.3 One modality being used to improve performance is video gaming simulation, or "serious gaming." Gaming as a learning tool is being increasingly utilized in health care fields and can lead to better skill-based outcomes.4 As such, we have developed a game based around the placement of CVCs that will be used as a new teaching modality in a pilot program for instructing residents in safe CVC placement.

  6. Nursing care in the central venous cateterism of pheripheral access with two- lumen or multilumen catheter through the Seldinger technique

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    Alicia Oliva Cesar

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Central venous catheters are essential above all in intensive care units, to such an extent that all the patients have one or several catheters.Recently there are other alternatives for the insertion of central lines and one is the two-lumen or multilumen central line peripherally inserted through Seldinger technique which allows:- Administration of hypertonic solutions and drugs- Haemodynamic monitoring- Sample’ s extractionBut the price is the risk of nosocomial infection and for this reason nurses play a fundamental role for their direct implication in the catheter’s care since its insertion until it is removed.The aim of this work is to report in a general way which the procedures and the nursing cares are for the insertion and the maintenance of the polyurethane multilumen catheter inserted through Seldinger technique based on a wide bibliographic review and the consultation with experts on the subject.

  7. Comparing the Effect of 3 Kinds of Different Materials on the Hemostasis of the Central Venous Catheter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan-Ming; Liang, Zhen-Zhen; Song, Chun-Lei

    2016-05-01

    To compare the effect of 3 kinds of different materials on the hemostasis of puncture site after central venous catheterization. Method: A selection of 120 patients with peripheral central venous catheter chemotherapy in the Affiliated Hospital of our university from January 2014 to April 2015, Randomly divided into 3 groups, using the same specification (3.5cm × 2cm) alginate gelatin sponge and gauze dressing, 3 kinds of material compression puncture point, 3 groups of patients after puncture 24 h within the puncture point of local blood and the catheter after the catheter 72 h within the catheter maintenance costs. Result: (1) The local infiltration of the puncture point in the 24 h tube: The use of alginate dressing and gelatin sponge hemostatic effect is better than that of compression gauze. The difference was statistically significant (P Puncture point using gelatin sponge, The local maintenance costs of the catheter within 72 h after insertion of the tube are lowest, compared with alginate dressing and gauze was significant (Ppuncture site after PICC implantation, using gelatin sponge and gauze dressing is more effective and economic.

  8. Downhill Esophageal Varices Associated With Central Venous Catheter-Related Thrombosis Managed With Endoscopic and Surgical Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkowitz, Joshua C.; Bhusal, Sushma; Desai, Deepak; Cerulli, Maurice A.

    2016-01-01

    Downhill esophageal varices are a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. We present a case of downhill variceal bleeding due to superior vena cava thrombosis resulting from a prior central venous catheter. The patient was managed with endoscopic band ligation and later with surgical axillary vein to right atrium bypass grafting. Successful long-term resolution of varices was achieved at 1 year of follow-up. This is the longest follow-up described for combined endoscopic and surgical management in the existing literature for catheter-associated downhill varices. PMID:27807564

  9. Evaluating safety of tunneled small bore central venous catheters in chronic kidney disease population: A quality improvement initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhutani, Gauri; El Ters, Mireille; Kremers, Walter K; Klunder, Joe L; Taler, Sandra J; Williams, Amy W; Stockland, Andrew H; Hogan, Marie C

    2016-09-20

    Introduction Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) may adversely impact future successful arteriovenous fistulae (AVF). As part of a quality improvement project, the performance of tunneled small bore tunneled central venous catheters (TSB-CVCs), as alternatives to PICCs, was evaluated. Methods A retrospective observational study, involving individuals ≥18 years of age who underwent TSB-CVC placement by Interventional Radiology at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN between 1/1/2010 and 8/30/2013. Findings The study cohort included 92 patients with a median age of 55 (46-67) years, who underwent 108 TSB-CVC placements. Baseline renal disease was present in 71% (77/108). Most TSB-CVCs were placed in hospitalized patients (94%; 102/108); five French in diameter (61%; 66/108) and located in an internal jugular vein (84%; 91/108). Median catheter indwelling time was 20 (11-43) days (n = 84). TSB-CVC-related bloodstream infection, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), and superficial venous thrombosis (SpVT) rates per line were 0.009 (1/108), 0.018 (2/108), and 0.009 (1/108), respectively. Venous outcomes in a subgroup of 54 patients, who had documented PICC placements (n = 161) in addition to TSB-CVC (n = 58) were compared. TSB-CVC-DVT rate was lower than the PICC-DVT rate (0.017 [1/58] vs. 0.106 per line [17/161]; P = 0.04). The TSB-CVC-SpVT rate was not different from the PICC-SpVT rate (0 [0/58] vs. 0.037 [6/161] per line; P = 0.14). Discussion TSB-CVCs demonstrated an excellent safety profile in our study. These catheters should be preferentially utilized for arm vein preservation in advanced kidney disease. Their impact on future AVF success needs further evaluation.

  10. Factors affecting survival in pediatric cardiac tamponade caused by central venous catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayashima, Kenji

    2015-12-01

    Pediatric central venous catheter (CVC) placement is useful but associated with complications such as cardiac tamponade. We aimed to identify risk factors for death in cardiac tamponade. Published articles on pediatric CVC-associated cardiac tamponade were obtained by searching PubMed and Google and retrospectively reviewed to analyze risk factors for death. Factors examined for their effect on mortality risk included patient age, weight, CVC size, days from CVC insertion to tamponade occurrence, substances administered, insertion site, treatment, CVC material, and initial CVC tip position. Of 110 patients reported in 62 articles, 69 survived and 41 died. Among survivors, 55 of 69 patients were treated; among deaths, only 7 of 38 (OR 537.9, 95% CI 29.3-9,877, p tamponade survival. Past studies have mainly discussed how to avoid pediatric cardiac tamponade; by contrast, the present study focused on how to avoid deaths. The findings of this review suggest that cardiac tamponade survival is better when tamponade is detected early and treated promptly and might be affected by initial CVC tip position.

  11. Effects of dexmedetomidine on procedural pain and discomfort associated with central venous catheter insertion

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    Aloka Samantaray

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Central venous catheter (CVC insertion induces pain and discomfort to a conscious patient despite application of a local anaesthetic (LA field block and this pain can be greatly lessened by using additional analgesics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of dexmedetomidine along with LA field infiltration in controlling pain and discomfort associated with CVC insertion. Methods: A prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 54 patients scheduled for planned CVC insertion was undertaken. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups of 27 each, to receive either dexmedetomidine (1 μg/kg or 0.9% normal saline, along with LA field infiltration. Pain and discomfort score was measured at 5 time points. Results: The median pain score was worst for placebo group at local anaesthetic injection (6 [4-7] and at the end of procedure (5 [4-5], which was significantly attenuated in the dexmedetomidine group (4 [4-5] and 4 [3-5]; P = 0.007 and 0.040 respectively. The lower procedure related discomfort score in the immediate post-procedural period was statistically significant in dexmedetomidine group compared to placebo (4 [4-5] vs. 5 [4-6]; P = 0.008. Conclusions: Pre-procedural bolus dexmedetomidine infusion provides adequate analgesia and patient comfort for CVC insertion along LA field block. However, the tendency for excessive sedation and bradycardia associated with dexmedetomidine render it less desirable for this purpose.

  12. Large Right Atrial Thrombus Associated with Central Venous Catheter Requiring Open Heart Surgery

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    Nasir Hussain

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Central venous catheters (CVC are used commonly in clinical practice. Incidences of CVC-related right atrial thrombosis (CRAT are variable, but, when right atrial thrombus is present, it carries a mortality risk of 18% in hemodialysis patients and greater than 40% risk in nonhemodialysis patients. Different pathogenic mechanisms have been postulated for the development of CRAT, which includes mechanical irritation of the myocardial wall, propagation of intraluminal clot, hypercoagulability, and hemodynamics of right atria. Presentation of CRAT may be asymptomatic or may be associated with one of the complications of CRAT like pulmonary embolism, systemic embolism, infected thrombi, or hemodynamic compromise. There are no established treatment guidelines for CRAT. We describe an interesting case of a 59-year-old asymptomatic male successfully treated with open heart surgery after failure of medical treatment for a large CRAT discovered during a preoperative evaluation for a kidney transplant. Our case underscores that early detection of CRAT may carry a favorable prognosis as opposed to waiting until catastrophic complications arise. It also underscores the importance of transesophageal echocardiography in the detection of thrombus and perhaps guides clinicians on which treatment modality to be used according to the size of the thrombus.

  13. Cost of installing and turning off hemodialysis on patients with central venous catheters

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    Gillene Santos Ferreira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective was to identify the average total cost (ATC for installing and turning off hemodialysis on patients with central venous catheters. This quantitative, exploratory, and descriptive research, in the mode of a single-case study, was conducted in a public university hospital. The non-probabilistic sample corresponded to the observation of 100 installations and 100 terminations of hemodialysis on 42 patients during 23 days of collection. The ATC was calculated by multiplying the time spent by nurses by the unit cost of direct labor, and adding the cost of materials, solutions, and medications. The Brazilian currency (R$ was used for the calculations. The ATC for installation was R$ 80.10 and for shutting off was R$ 13.04, totaling R$ 93.14 per hemodialysis session. The results obtained will facilitate a better planning of the allocation of human, material, and financial resources enabling the increase of managerial strategies aimed at economic efficiency. doi: 10.5216/ree.v16i4.23044.

  14. Central venous catheters in hemodialysis: To accept recommendations or to stick to own experience

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    Stolić Radojica

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Backgraund/Aim. Hemodialysis catheter, as an integral part of hemodialysis, is a catheter placed into the jugular, subclavian and femoral vein. The most common catheter-related complications are infections and thrombosis. The aim of the study was to analyze the prevalence of complications associated with differently inserted central-vein catheters for hemodialysis. Methods. The study was organized as a prospective examination during the period from December 2003 to November 2006, and included all patients who needed an active depuration by hemodialysis, hospitalized at the Clinical Center Kragujevac. The subject of the study were 464 centralvein catheters inserted during the mentioned period and there were recorded all complications related to the placement and usage of catheters. Results. The largest percent of inserted catheters was into the femoral vein − 403 (86.8%, significantly less into the jugular vein − 42 (9.2%, while into the subclavian vein there were placed only 19 catheters (4%. The average of femoral catheter functioning was 17 catheter days, in jugular catheters it was 17.3 days while the subclavian catheters had an average rate of functioning of 25.9 catheter days; there was found a statistically significant difference regarding the duration of functioning (p = 0.03. By microbe colonization of smear culture of the skin at the catheter insertion site, in clinically present suspicion of catheter infection, there was obtained a positive finding in 5.5% of catheters placed into the femoral vein and 7.1% of catheters instilled into the jugular vein, of which Staphylococcus aureus was the most important bacterial type, without statistically significant difference (p = 0.51. Haemoculture, done when there was a suspicion of bacteriemia, was positive in 3.7% of the patients with femoral and 4.8% with jugular catheters; Staphylococcus aureus was the most common bacteria type, but there was no statistically significant difference (p

  15. Risk factors and current recommendations for prevention of infections associated with central venous catheters: a literature review

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    Danielle de Mendonça Henrique

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Backgound and Objectives: Infections related to central venous catheter (CVC use constitute an important a problem. It is estimated that approximately 90% of bloodstream infections (BSI are caused by CVC use. This study aims at reviewing the risk factors and current recommendations for prevention of infections associated with central venous catheter use. Methods: A total of 12 articles published in the last 5 years and indexed in the databases of the Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS, Nursing Database (BDENF, International Literature on Health Sciences (Medline/Pubmed were selected, as well as publications related to the recommendations for BSI prevention, such as: Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC and the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA. Results: Two categories were identified: prevention and control measures and risk factors for BSI associated with central venous catheter use. Conclusions: Some recommendations that were well-defined over the years have been questioned by some authors and continuing training and education of the multidisciplinary team are the most important factors for the prevention of bloodstream infections associated with CVC use.

  16. Percutaneous Placement of Central Venous Catheters: Comparing the Anatomical Landmark Method with the Radiologically Guided Technique for Central Venous Catheterization Through the Internal Jugular Vein in Emergent Hemodialysis Patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koroglu, M.; Demir, M.; Koroglu, B.K.; Sezer, M.T.; Akhan, O.; Yildiz, H.; Yavuz, L.; Baykal, B.; Oyar, O. [Suleyman Demirel Univ., Isparta (Turkey). Depts. of Radiology, Internal Medicine and Anesthesiology

    2006-02-15

    Purpose: To compare the success and immediate complication rates of the anatomical landmark method (group 1) and the radiologically (combined real-time ultrasound and fluoroscopy) guided technique (group 2) in the placement of central venous catheters in emergent hemodialysis patients. Material and Methods: The study was performed prospectively in a randomized manner. The success and immediate complication rates of radiologically guided placement of central venous access catheters through the internal jugular vein (n = 40) were compared with those of the anatomical landmark method (n 40). The success of placement, the complications, the number of passes required, and whether a single or double-wall puncture occurred were also noted and compared. Results: The groups were comparable in age and sex. The indication for catheter placement was hemodialysis access in all patients. Catheter placement was successful in all patients in group 2 and unsuccessful in 1 (2.5%) patient in group 1. All catheters functioned adequately and immediately after the placement (0% initial failure rate) in group 2, but 3 catheters (7.5% initial failure rate) were non-functional just after placement in group 1. The total number of needle passes, double venous wall puncture, and complication rate were significantly lower in group 2. Conclusion: Percutaneous central venous catheterization via the internal jugular vein can be performed by interventional radiologists with better technical success rates and lower immediate complications. In conclusion, central venous catheterization for emergent dialysis should be performed under both real-time ultrasound and fluoroscopic guidance.

  17. Transient neurological deficit due to a misplacement of central venous catheter despite ultrasound guidance and ultrasound assistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idialisoa, Rado; Jouffroy, Romain; Saint Martin, Laure Castres; Lamhaut, Lionel; Baud, Frédéric; Philippe, Pascal; Carli, Pierre; Vivien, Benoît

    2015-10-01

    Central venous catheters (CVC) are frequently used in intensive care units (ICU), with a low incidence of complications, most of them being of mechanical origin and occurring during the insertion of the catheter. To avoid such complications, "ultrasound guidance" and "ultrasound assistance" are recommended. Nevertheless, even with trained and experienced physicians, mechanical complications of IJV access such as carotid punctures are still reported. We report the case of a 75-year-old woman, admitted into the ICU for CVC insertion due to impossibility of peripheral venous access. About 12 hours after the procedure, the patient presented a neurological deficit. The cervical and thoracic CT scan showed a transfixing path of the catheter from the left IJV into the left common carotid artery, with distal extremity of the catheter localized in the ascending aorta. The catheter was removed, and thereafter the neurological deficit immediately and definitely disappeared. Onset of a neurological deficit after CVC insertion into the IJV, regardless the time of occurrence after the procedure, should suggest complication due to the CVC insertion, even if procedure was uneventful and chest radiography confirmed the apparent accurate position of CVC.

  18. Use of cultivation-dependent and -independent techniques to assess contamination of central venous catheters: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Høiby Niels

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Catheters are the most common cause of nosocomial infections and are associated with increased risk of mortality, length of hospital stay and cost. Prevention of infections and fast and correct diagnosis is highly important. Methods In this study traditional semiquantitative culture-dependent methods for diagnosis of bacteria involved in central venous catheter-related infections as described by Maki were compared with the following culture-independent molecular biological methods: Clone libraries, denaturant gradient gel electrophoresis, phylogeny and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Results In accordance with previous studies, the cultivation of central venous catheters from 18 patients revealed that S. epidermidis and other coagulase-negative staphylococci were most abundant and that a few other microorganisms such as P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae occasionally were found on the catheters. The molecular analysis using clone libraries and sequencing, denaturant gradient gel electrophoresis and sequencing provided several important results. The species found by cultivation were confirmed by molecular methods. However, many other bacteria belonging to the phyla Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes were also found, stressing that only a minor portion of the species present were found by cultivation. Some of these bacteria are known to be pathogens, some have not before been described in relation to human health, and some were not closely related to known pathogens and may represent new pathogenic species. Furthermore, there was a clear difference between the bacterial species found in biofilm on the external (exluminal and internal (luminal side of the central venous catheter, which can not be detected by Maki's method. Polymicrobial biofilms were observed on most of the catheters and were much more common than the cultivation-dependent methods indicated. Conclusion The results show that diagnosis

  19. [Artefacts in the CT scan caused by surgical clips and central venous catheters and the use of new materials].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schadel, A; Böttcher, H D; Haverkamp, U; Wagner, W; Schmilowski, G M

    1984-03-01

    When metal clips and venous catheters have been used the computerized tomography shows artifacts, which make it computerized tomography shows artifacts, which make it difficult to have a reliable and accurate diagnosis, because the X- raying of the metal clips and the venous catheter gives radiating lines, so called streaking. We have tested new materials for the metal clips and a new polymer to replace the substance of the venous catheter with the intention that the materials should have the same density as the normal tissues. With a new metal for the clips and a new polymer for the venous catheters, mixed with metal ions, the computerized tomography does not show streaking.

  20. Mechanic and surface properties of central-venous port catheters after removal: A comparison of polyurethane and silicon rubber materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Ulrike; Lorenz, Edelgard; Weimann, Christiane; Sturm, Heinz; Karimov, Ilham; Ettl, Johannes; Meier, Reinhard; Wohlgemuth, Walter A; Berger, Hermann; Wildgruber, Moritz

    2016-12-01

    Central venous port devices made of two different polymeric materials, thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) and silicone rubber (SiR), were compared due their material properties. Both naïve catheters as well as catheters after removal from patients were investigated. In lab experiments the influence of various chemo-therapeutic solutions on material properties was investigated, whereas the samples after removal were compared according to the implanted time in patient. The macroscopic, mechanical performance was assessed with dynamic, specially adapted tests for elasticity. The degradation status of the materials was determined with common tools of polymer characterisation, such as infrared spectroscopy, molecular weight measurements and various methods of thermal analysis. The surface morphology was analysed using scanning electron microscopy. A correlation between material properties and clinical performance was proposed. The surface morphology and chemical composition of the polyurethane catheter materials can potentially result in increased susceptibility of the catheter to bloodstream infections and thrombotic complications. The higher mechanic failure, especially with increasing implantation time of the silicone catheters is related to the lower mechanical performance compared to the polyurethane material as well as loss of barium sulphate filler particles near the surface of the catheter. This results in preformed microscopic notches, which act as predetermined sites of fracture.

  1. Medical-grade honey does not reduce skin colonization at central venous catheter-insertion sites of critically ill patients: A randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Kwakman (Jan); M.C. Müller (Marcella); J.M. Binnekade (Jan); J.P. van den Akker (Johannes); C.A. de Borgie (Corianne); M.J. Schultz (Marcus); S.A.J. Zaat (Sebastiaan)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction: Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) associated with short-term central venous catheters (CVCs) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients are a major clinical problem. Bacterial colonization of the skin at the CVC insertion site is an important etiologic factor for

  2. Managing central venous catheters: a prospective randomised trial of two methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larwood, K A; Anstey, C M; Dunn, S V

    2000-05-01

    A randomised, prospective study was conducted to evaluate the impact on central venous catheter (CVC) infection when fluids and lines connected to a CVC were changed using a 'sterile' compared to an 'aseptic, non-touch' technique. The study sought to determine whether there were any differences in CVC tip colonisation (CTC) or CVC-related bacteraemia (CRB) as a result of the technique used for fluid and line changes. In the sterile technique (control) group, fluids and tubing were changed using full sterile technique. In the aseptic, non-touch (experimental) group, fluids and tubing attached to the CVC were changed using only a small sterile drape and a 2-minute clinical hand wash. When the CVC was removed, the tip was sampled and cultured using the semi-quantitative method. Blood cultures were also collected. In all, 111 samples from 79 patients were included in the trial: 61 in the sterile technique group and 50 in the non-touch, aseptic technique group. Results showed a CTC rate of 31 per cent in the control group and 14 per cent in the experimental group, while the CRB rate was 8.2 per cent and 6 per cent respectively. The most common organisms cultured were Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermis respectively. This study indicates that it is safe to change fluids and lines attached to CVCs using the aseptic, non-touch technique, which has resulted in significant financial savings through less use of equipment and less nursing time required to perform fluid and line changes.

  3. Safety and feasibility in highly concentrated contrast material power injections for CT-perfusion studies of the brain using central venous catheters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macht, Stephan, E-mail: stephan.macht@med.uni-duesseldorf.de [University Dusseldorf, Medical Faculty, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, D-40225 Dusseldorf (Germany); Beseoglu, Kerim, E-mail: beseoglu@med.uni-duesseldorf.de [University Dusseldorf, Medical Faculty, Department of Neurosurgery, D-40225 Dusseldorf (Germany); Eicker, Sven, E-mail: sven.eicker@med.uni-duesseldorf.de [University Dusseldorf, Medical Faculty, Department of Neurosurgery, D-40225 Dusseldorf (Germany); Rybacki, Konrad, E-mail: rybacki@med.uni-duesseldorf.de [University Dusseldorf, Medical Faculty, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, D-40225 Dusseldorf (Germany); Braun, Sebastian, E-mail: sebastian.braun@med.uni-duesseldorf.de [University Dusseldorf, Medical Faculty, Department of Anaesthesiology, D-40225 Dusseldorf (Germany); Mathys, Christian, E-mail: mathys@uni-duesseldorf.de [University Dusseldorf, Medical Faculty, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, D-40225 Dusseldorf (Germany); Antoch, Gerald, E-mail: antoch@med.uni-duesseldorf.de [University Dusseldorf, Medical Faculty, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, D-40225 Dusseldorf (Germany); Turowski, Bernd, E-mail: bernd.turowski@uni-duesseldorf.de [University Dusseldorf, Medical Faculty, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, D-40225 Dusseldorf (Germany)

    2012-08-15

    Introduction: CT perfusion studies play an important role in the early detection as well as in therapy monitoring of vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage. High-flow injections via central venous catheters are not recommended but may sometimes be the only possibility to obtain high-quality images. Materials and methods: We retrospectively analyzed our data for CT perfusions performed with power injection of contrast material with an iodine concentration of 400 mg/ml via the distal 16G lumen of the Arrow three and five lumen central venous catheter with preset flow rates of 5 ml/s. Results: 104 examinations with central venous catheters were evaluated (67 with five lumen and 37 with three lumen). No complications were observed. Mean flow rates were 4.4 {+-} 0.5 ml/s using the three lumen catheter and 4.6 {+-} 0.6 ml/s using the five lumen catheter respectively. The mean injection pressure measured by the power injector was 200.7 {+-} 17.5 psi for the three lumen central venous catheter and 194.5 {+-} 6.5 psi for the five lumen catheter, respectively. Conclusion: Following a strict safety protocol there were no complications associated with power injections of contrast material containing 400 mg iodine/ml with preset flow rates up to 5 ml/s via the distal 16G lumen of the Arrow multi-lumen central venous catheter. However, since power-injections are off-label use with Arrow central venous catheters, this procedure cannot be recommended until potential safety hazards have been ruled out by the manufacturer.

  4. Colonization of a Central Venous Catheter by the Hyaline Fungus Fusarium solani Species Complex: A Case Report and SEM Imaging

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    Alberto Colombo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of opportunistic infections by filamentous fungi is increasing partly due to the widespread use of central venous catheters (CVC, indwelling medical devices, and antineoplastic/immunosuppressive drugs. The case of a 13-year-old boy under treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia is presented. The boy was readmitted to the Pediatric Ward for intermittent fever of unknown origin. Results of blood cultures drawn from peripheral venous sites or through the CVC were compared. CVC-derived bottles (but not those from peripheral veins yielded hyaline fungi that, based on morphology, were identified as belonging to the Fusarium solani species complex. Gene amplification and direct sequencing of the fungal ITS1 rRNA region and the EF-1alpha gene confirmed the isolate as belonging to the Fusarium solani species complex. Portions of the CVC were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. Fungi mycelia with long protruding hyphae were seen into the lumen. The firm adhesion of the fungal formation to the inner surface of the catheter was evident. In the absence of systemic infection, catheter removal and prophylactic voriconazole therapy were followed by disappearance of febrile events and recovery. Thus, indwelling catheters are prone to contamination by environmental fungi.

  5. Central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus: microbiology and risk factors

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    Geraldo Sadoyma

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Although central vascular catheters (CVC are indispensable in modern medicine, they are an important risk factor for primary bacteremias. We examined the incidence and risk factors associated with catheter-related bloodstream infection (CR-BSI caused by Staphylococcus aureus in surgical patients. A prospective study was carried out in the Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (HC-UFU from September 2000 to December 2002. The skin insertion site, catheter tip, and blood were microbiologically analyzed. Demographics and risk factors were recorded for each patient, and cultures were identified phenotypically. Staphylococcus aureus was the most frequent pathogen, with an incidence rate of 4.9 episodes of CR-BSIs per 1,000 catheter/days. Based on logistic regression, the independent risk factors were: colonization on the insertion site =200 colony forming units (CFU/20 cm² (p=0.03; odds ratio (OR =6.89 and catheter tip (p=0.01; OR=7.95. The CR-BSI rate was high; it was mainly associated with S. aureus, and skin colonization at the insertion site and on the catheter tip were important risk factors for CR-BSI.

  6. Central venous catheter-related blood stream infection rate in critical care units in a tertiary care, teaching hospital in Mumbai

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    K Chopdekar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Blood stream infections related to central venous catheterization are one of the major device-associated infections reported. Patients admitted in critical care units requiring central venous catheterization and presenting with signs of septicemia during catheterization period were investigated for catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSI. The CRBSI rate was 9.26 per 1000 catheter days in general with highest rate in neonatal intensive care unit (27.02/1000 days. Site of insertion of catheter and duration of catheterization did not show the influence on the CRBSI rate. Coagulase-negative Staphylococci were the predominant cause. Mortality of 33% was observed in patients with CRBSI. Since central venous catheters are increasingly being used in the critical care, regular surveillance for infection associated them are essential.

  7. Catheter related bloodstream infection (CR-BSI in ICU patients: making the decision to remove or not to remove the central venous catheter.

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    Rodrigo Octávio Deliberato

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Approximately 150 million central venous catheters (CVC are used each year in the United States. Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CR-BSI are one of the most important complications of the central venous catheters (CVCs. Our objective was to compare the in-hospital mortality when the catheter is removed or not removed in patients with CR-BSI. METHODS: We reviewed all episodes of CR-BSI that occurred in our intensive care unit (ICU from January 2000 to December 2008. The standard method was defined as a patient with a CVC and at least one positive blood culture obtained from a peripheral vein and a positive semi quantitative (>15 CFU culture of a catheter segment from where the same organism was isolated. The conservative method was defined as a patient with a CVC and at least one positive blood culture obtained from a peripheral vein and one of the following: (1 differential time period of CVC culture versus peripheral culture positivity of more than 2 hours, or (2 simultaneous quantitative blood culture with ≥ 5:1 ratio (CVC versus peripheral. RESULTS: 53 CR-BSI (37 diagnosed by the standard method and 16 by the conservative method were diagnosed during the study period. There was a no statistically significant difference in the in-hospital mortality for the standard versus the conservative method (57% vs. 75%, p = 0.208 in ICU patients. CONCLUSION: In our study there was a no statistically significant difference between the standard and conservative methods in-hospital mortality.

  8. 抗感染中心静脉导管预防导管相关性血流感染的效果%Effect in prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infection using antiseptic impregnated central venous catheter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗蕾; 秦英; 向亚娟

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical effect in prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infection(CRBSI) using antiseptic impregnated central venous catheter. Methods The incidence of catheterrelated bloodstream infection was compared between 420 cases performed with antiseptic impregnated central venous catheter ( experimental group ) and 430 cases performed with general central venous catheter (control).Besides, the categories and characteristics of pathogenic bacteria which resulted in catheter-related bloodstream infection were analyzed. Results There were 66 cases of CRBSI in 850 cases, 25 cases were inserted antiseptic impregnated central venous catheter and 41 cases inserted general central venous catheter. No significant difference in the incidence between the two groups was found during 7 days(χ2 = 0. 06 ,P > 0. 05), however, the incidence of CRBSI was lower in the experimental group than of the control group after 7 days( χ2 = 3.91,4.30 ;P 0.05),7 d后实验组CRBSI感染率较对照组低,差异有统计学意义(χ2分别为3.91,4.30,P<0.05).实验组减少导管相关性血流感染的病原体主要为革兰阳性菌.结论 抗感染中心静脉导管可明显减少导管相关性血流感染的发生,有很大的临床价值.

  9. Cardiac tamponade in an infant during contrast infusion through central venous catheter for chest computed tomography; Tamponamento cardiaco durante infusao de contraste em acesso venoso central para realizacao de tomografia computadorizada do torax em lactente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daud, Danilo Felix; Campos, Marcos Menezes Freitas de; Fleury Neto, Augusto de Padua [Hospital Geral de Palmas, TO (Brazil)

    2013-11-15

    Complications from central venous catheterization include infectious conditions, pneumothorax, hemothorax and venous thrombosis. Pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade hardly occurs, and in infants is generally caused by umbilical catheterization. The authors describe the case of cardiac tamponade occurred in an infant during chest computed tomography with contrast infusion through a central venous catheter inserted into the right internal jugular vein. (author)

  10. On-demand antimicrobial release from a temperature-sensitive polymer - comparison with ad libitum release from central venous catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sjollema, Jelmer; Dijkstra, Rene J B; Abeln, Caroline; van der Mei, Henny C; van Asseldonk, Dirk; Busscher, Henk J

    2014-08-28

    Antimicrobial releasing biomaterial coatings have found application for instance in the fixation of orthopedic joint prostheses and central venous catheters. Most frequently, the release kinetics is such that antimicrobially-effective concentrations are only reached within the first days to weeks after implantation, leaving no local antimicrobial release available when a biomaterial-associated infection occurs later. Here we compare the ad libitum release of chlorhexidine and silver-sulfadiazine from a central venous catheter with their release from a new, on-demand release coating consisting of a temperature-sensitive copolymer of styrene and n-butyl (meth)acrylate. The copolymer can be loaded with an antimicrobial, which is released when the temperature is raised above its glass transition temperature. Ad libitum release of chlorhexidine and silver-sulfadiazine from a commercially-purchased catheter and associated antimicrobial efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus was limited to 16days. Consecutive temperature-triggers of our on-demand coating yielded little or no antimicrobial efficacy of silver-acetate release, but antimicrobially-effective chlorhexidine concentrations were observed over a time period of 60-80days. This attests to the clear advantage of on-demand coatings above ad libitum releasing coatings, that may have released their antimicrobial content before it is actually needed. Importantly, glass transition temperature of chlorhexidine loaded copolymers was lower (48°C) than of silver loaded ones (61°C), facilitating their clinical use.

  11. Implementation of central venous catheter bundle in an intensive care unit in Kuwait: Effect on central line-associated bloodstream infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salama, Mona F; Jamal, Wafaa; Al Mousa, Haifa; Rotimi, Vincent

    2016-01-01

    Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSIs) is an important healthcare-associated infection in the critical care units. It causes substantial morbidity, mortality and incurs high costs. The use of central venous line (CVL) insertion bundle has been shown to decrease the incidence of CLABSIs. Our aim was to study the impact of CVL insertion bundle on incidence of CLABSI and study the causative microbial agents in an intensive care unit in Kuwait. Surveillance for CLABSI was conducted by trained infection control team using National Health Safety Network (NHSN) case definitions and device days measurement methods. During the intervention period, nursing staff used central line care bundle consisting of (1) hand hygiene by inserter (2) maximal barrier precautions upon insertion by the physician inserting the catheter and sterile drape from head to toe to the patient (3) use of a 2% chlorohexidine gluconate (CHG) in 70% ethanol scrub for the insertion site (4) optimum catheter site selection. (5) Examination of the daily necessity of the central line. During the pre-intervention period, there were 5367 documented catheter-days and 80 CLABSIs, for an incidence density of 14.9 CLABSIs per 1000 catheter-days. After implementation of the interventions, there were 5052 catheter-days and 56 CLABSIs, for an incidence density of 11.08 per 1000 catheter-days. The reduction in the CLABSI/1000 catheter days was not statistically significant (P=0.0859). This study demonstrates that implementation of a central venous catheter post-insertion care bundle was associated with a reduction in CLABSI in an intensive care area setting.

  12. Analysis of the Sherlock II tip location system for inserting peripherally inserted central venous catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lelkes, Valdis; Kumar, Abhishek; Shukla, Pratik A; Contractor, Sohail; Rutan, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are frequently placed at the bedside. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of the Sherlock II tip location system (Bard Access Systems, Salt Lake City, UT), which offers electromagnetic detection of the PICC tip to assist the operator in guiding the tip to a desired location. We performed a retrospective review of patients who had a bedside PICC using the Sherlock II tip location system. Three hundred seventy-five of 384 patients (97.7%) had the catheter tip positioned appropriately. Our results suggest that the Sherlock II tip location system is an efficacious system for bedside PICC placement.

  13. Biofilm formation in long-term central venous catheters in children with cancer: a randomized controlled open-labelled trial of taurolidine versus heparin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Handrup, Mette Møller; Fuursted, Kurt; Funch, Peter;

    2012-01-01

    Taurolidine has demonstrated inhibition of biofilm formation in vitro. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of catheter locking with taurolidine vs heparin in biofilm formation in central venous catheters. Forty-eight children with cancer were randomized to catheter locking by heparin (n...... = 22) or taurolidine (n = 26), respectively. After removal, catheters were examined by standardized scanning electron microscopy to assess quantitative biofilm formation. Biofilm was present if morphologically typical structures and bacterial cells were identified. Quantitative and semi......-quantitative cultures were also performed. Biofilm was identified in 23 of 26 catheters from the taurolidine group and 21 of 22 catheters from the heparin group. A positive culture was made of six of the catheters locked with taurolidine and heparin, respectively (p = 0.78). The rate of catheter-related bloodstream...

  14. Five-Lumen Antibiotic-Impregnated Femoral Central Venous Catheters in Severely Burned Patients: An Investigation of Device Utility and Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infection Rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Bruce C; Mian, Mohammad A H; Mullins, Robert F; Hassan, Zaheed; Shaver, Joseph R; Johnston, Krystal K

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study is to determine the catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) rate in a severely burned patient population, many of whom required prolonged use of central venous catheters (CVCs). Between January 2008 and June 2012, 151 patients underwent placement of 455 five-lumen minocycline/rifampin-impregnated CVCs. CRBSI was defined as at least one blood culture (>100,000 colonies) and one simultaneous roll-plate CVC tip culture (>15 colony forming units) positive for the same organism. Most patients had accidental burns (81.5%) with a mean TBSA of 50%. A mean of three catheters were inserted per patient (range, 1-25). CVCs were inserted in the femoral vein (91.2%), subclavian vein (5.3%), and internal jugular vein (3.3%). Mean overall catheter indwell time was 8 days (range, 0-39 days). The overall rate of CRBSI per 1000 catheter days was 11.2; patients with a TBSA >60% experienced significantly higher rates of CRBSI than patients with a TBSA ≤60% (16.2 vs 7.3, P = .01). CVCs placed through burned skin were four times more likely to be associated with CRBSI than CVCs placed through intact skin. The most common infectious organism was Acinetobacter baumannii. Deep venous thrombosis developed in eleven patients (7%). The overall rate of CRBSI was 11.2, consistent with published rates of CRBSI in burn patients. Thus, femoral placement of 5-lumen CVCs did not result in increased CRBSI rates. These data support the safety of femoral CVC placement in burn patients, contrary to the Centers for Disease Control recommendation to avoid femoral CVC insertion.

  15. To reduce catheter-related bloodstream infections: is the subclavian route better than the jugular route for central venous catheterization?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagashima, Goro; Kikuchi, Toshiki; Tsuyuzaki, Hitomi; Kawano, Rumiko; Tanaka, Hiroyuki; Nemoto, Hiroshi; Taguchi, Kazumi; Ugajin, Kazuhisa

    2006-12-01

    The most important targets of hospital-acquired infection control are to reduce the incidence of surgical-site, catheter-related, and ventilator-associated infections. In this report, we address previously presented infection-control strategies for central venous (CV) line catheterization, using a CV catheter-related infection surveillance system. Data concerning CV catheter insertion were collected from all facilities in our 650-bed hospital, excluding the operating and hemodialysis wards. Collected data included the insertion method, purpose, length of catheter inserted, duration of catheterization, infection rate, and complication rate. Catheter-related infection was diagnosed based on bacteriological examinations from blood cultures. The total number of catheterizations was 806 a year, and average duration of catheterization was 9.8 days. The purpose of catheterization was nutritional support in 210 cases, hemodialysis in 96 cases, cardiac support in 174 cases, and other treatments in 260 cases. In 66 cases, the purpose of CV catheter was not specified. The rate of positive cultures was 7.1%, and complications other than infection occurred in 0.5%. The main causative organisms were methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in 38.6%, coagulase-negative Staphylococcus epidermidis (CNS) in 33.3%, and S. aureus in 12.3% of infections. Infection rates were 3.8 per 1000 catheter-days in subclavian, 6.1 in jugular, and 15.7 in femoral vein catheterization. In high-risk departments (intensive care unit [ICU] and emergency departments) the infection rate was 5.4 for subclavian and 10.2 for jugular catheterization, whereas it was 3.6 for subclavian and 4.6 for jugular catheterization in noncritical-care departments. Considering complications such as pneumothorax, CV catheterization of the jugular vein is recommended in certain situations.

  16. Evaluation of routine postoperative chest roentgenogram for determination of the correct position of permanent central venous catheters tip

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    Fereshteh Salimi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Proper placement of central venous catheter (CVC tip could reduce early and late catheter-related complications. Although the live fluoroscopy is standard of care for placement of the catheter, it is not available in many centers. Therefore, the present study evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of bedside chest X-ray (CXR for proper positioning of the catheter tip. Materials and Methods: A total of 82 adult patients undergoing elective placement of tunneled CVC were enrolled in this study during 2010-2012. The catheter tip position was evaluated by postoperative bedside chest radiographs as well as trans-thoracic echocardiogram as definite diagnostic tool. The catheter position was considered correct if the tip was positioned in the right atrium both in CXR or echocardiography. Finally, CXRs interpreted by expert radiologist. Thus findings were compared by echocardiography. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive, and negative predictive values were calculated. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, and P < 0.05 considered as significant. Results: The patients were 57.37 ± 18.91 years of age, weighed 65.79 ± 15.58 kg and were 166.36 ± 9.91 cm tall. Sensitivity and specificity of CXR for proper catheter tip position were 74.3% and 58.3%, respectively. Positive and negative predictive values were 91.2% and 28%. In addition accuracy, positive likelihood ratio, and negative likelihood ratio were 71.9%, 1.78, and 2.27 respectively. Conclusion: Bedside CXR alone does not reliably predict malpositioning after CVC placement.

  17. Coiling of central venous catheter in the left subclavian vein, a rare complication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vipin Goyal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Invasive monitoring is the need of the hour in today′s scenario in intensive care units and perioperatively in hemodynamically unstable patients. Despite careful placement using proper landmarks and USG guided methods central venous canuulation (CVC is associated sometimes with unforeseen complications. We report a rare complication of coiling of CVC in the left subclavian vein.

  18. Effectiveness of heparin versus 0.9% saline solution in maintaining the permeability of central venous catheters: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo José Ferreira dos Santos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract OBJECTIVE Determining which is the most effective solution (heparin flush compared to 0.9% saline flush for reducing the risk of occlusions in central venous catheters (CVC in adults. METHOD The systematic review followed the principles proposed by the Cochrane Handbook; critical analysis, extraction and synthesis of data were performed by two independent researchers; statistical analysis was performed using the RevMan program 5.2.8. RESULTS Eight randomized controlled trials and one cohort study were included and the results of the meta-analysis showed no difference (RR=0.68, 95% CI=0.41-1.10; p=0.12. Analysis by subgroups showed that there was no difference in fully deployed CVC (RR=1.09, CI 95%=0.53-2.22;p=0.82; Multi-Lumen CVC showed beneficial effects in the heparin group (RR=0.53, CI 95%=0.29-0.95; p=0.03; in Double-Lumen CVC for hemodialysis (RR=1.18, CI 95%=0.08-17.82;p=0.90 and Peripherally inserted CVC (RR=0.14, CI 95%=0.01-2.60; p=0.19 also showed no difference. CONCLUSION Saline solution is sufficient for maintaining patency of the central venous catheter, preventing the risks associated with heparin administration.

  19. An unusual Complication of Central Venous Cannulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashvini Kumar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Central venous catheter (CVC hub fracture is a rare complication of central venous cannulation. We report a case where catheter hub fracture was detected immediately after CVC insertion. Causes of catheter hub fracture and its complications are discussed.

  20. 中心静脉导管合理应用的研究进展%The research progress of the reasonable application of central venous catheter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雅杰; 黄抱娣; 王玲; 吕小林; 卞文霞

    2015-01-01

    With the continuous development of intravenous fluids tools, a central venous catheter (CVC), percutaneous puncture via peripheral central venous catheter (PICC) placement, fully implantable venous infusion port of central venous catheter (TIVAP) and so on. How people choose the venous catheter due to illness, is often face problems in nursing work. In this paper, various of catheter is made in this paper.%随着静脉输液工具的不断发展,出现了经皮穿刺中心静脉导管(CVC)、经外周置入中心静脉导管(PICC)、完全植入式静脉输液港(TIVAP)等中心静脉导管。如何因人因病合理选择静脉导管是护理工作中经常面临的问题。本文就各种导管的特点做了综述。

  1. [Medial venous catheter or midline (MVC)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrero Caballero, Ma Carmen; Montealegre Sanz, María; Cubero Pérez, Ma Antonia

    2014-01-01

    Current clinical practice is characterised for importance of the patient's quality of life and the need to reduce the costs of their treatment. We search intravenous therapy alternatives that meet the needs of the patient, reducing the complications associated with the use of venous catheters. Scientific evidence shows that there are midline venous catheters that offer patients and professionals the possibility of extending the duration of infusion therapy, using more venous compatibility materials, and with less risk of infection. The Midlines are becoming in a safe an efficient device for intravenous therapy, continuous and intermittent infusion, provided the necessary care by expert nurses. Midline catheters are peripheral venous access devices between 3 to 10 inches in length (8 to 25 cm). Midlines are usually placed in an upper arm vein, such as the brachial or cephalic, and the distal extreme ends below the level of the axillary line. Midlines catheters implanted in the cephalic or deep basilica veins get more blood flow. This large blood volume justifies the lower risk of mechanical or chemical phlebitis. Midlines are routinely used for two to six weeks. Due that the extrem of these catheters does not extend beyond the axillary line, there are limitations for its use: type of infused drugs, velocity of infusion, etc. In general, solutions that have pH 5 to 9, or an osmolarity less than 500 mOsm are appropriate for infusion through a Midline. Its use is recommended in case of treatments over 7 days with low irritant capacity fluids. According to the Infusion Nurses Society's standards of practice, Midline catheters are appropriate for all intravenous fluids that would normally be administered through a short peripheral IV Importantly, due that the catheter does not pass through the central veins, Midlines can be placed without a chest X-ray to confirm placement. For certain situations, Midlines are suitable for acute units and even for care home settings

  2. Application and nursing of central venous catheter in Intensive Care Unit%中心静脉置管在ICU的应用及护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵斯芹

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the nursing measures for patients who use central venous catheter in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Methods A retrospective analysis of 204 patients with central venous catheter was conducted. Results After treatment,successful extubation was seen in 177 cases,blocked tubes 8 cases,catheter- related infection in 5 cases,catheter withdrawal in 3 cases and catheter displacement 11 cases. Conclusion According to the causes of complications of central venous catheter,timely and appropriate nursing measures can reduce or avoid such complications.%目的 探讨中心静脉置管期的护理措施.方法 对204例中心静脉置管患者进行回顾性分析.结果 治疗完毕顺利拔管177例,导管堵塞8例,导管相关感染5例,导管脱出3例,移位11例.结论 根据中心静脉置管发生并发症的原因,及时采取相应的护理措施,可以减少或避免并发症的发生.

  3. 儿童血液净化中心静脉导管常见并发症%Common complication of central venous catheter for pediatric blood purification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄松明; 赵非

    2016-01-01

    Pediatric blood purification requires reliable access to the circulation.Central venous catheters play an important role in the delivery of pediatric blood purification.A central venous noncuffed,nontunneled catheter is the best choice for short-term(less than 3 weeks) blood purification.A cuffed,tunneled catheter is preferable to long term(more than 3 weeks) blood purification.However,there are many complications associated with central venous catheters,such as catheter-induced thrombosis,catheter-related infection,and central vein stenosis.This article reviews the prevention and treatment of complications most frequently occurring with central venous catheters.%良好的血管通路是儿童血液净化顺利开展的前提条件,中心静脉导管正逐渐成为一个重要的儿童血液净化通路.对于预期持续时间在3周内的血液净化,中心静脉临时导管是最佳选择;预期持续时间在3周以上的血液净化,建议使用中心静脉半永久导管.然而中心静脉导管会遇到诸如导管血栓、导管相关性感染、中心静脉狭窄等并发症,现就血液净化中心静脉导管常见并发症的预防和治疗进行综述.

  4. Biofilm formation in long-term central venous catheters in children with cancer: a randomized controlled open-labelled trial of taurolidine versus heparin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handrup, Mette Møller; Fuursted, Kurt; Funch, Peter; Møller, Jens Kjølseth; Schrøder, Henrik

    2012-10-01

    Taurolidine has demonstrated inhibition of biofilm formation in vitro. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of catheter locking with taurolidine vs heparin in biofilm formation in central venous catheters. Forty-eight children with cancer were randomized to catheter locking by heparin (n = 22) or taurolidine (n = 26), respectively. After removal, catheters were examined by standardized scanning electron microscopy to assess quantitative biofilm formation. Biofilm was present if morphologically typical structures and bacterial cells were identified. Quantitative and semi-quantitative cultures were also performed. Biofilm was identified in 23 of 26 catheters from the taurolidine group and 21 of 22 catheters from the heparin group. A positive culture was made of six of the catheters locked with taurolidine and heparin, respectively (p = 0.78). The rate of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) was 0.1 per 1000 catheter-days using taurolidine and 0.9 per 1000 catheter-days using heparin (p = 0.03). This randomized trial confirmed that the use of taurolidine as catheter-lock compared with heparin reduced the rate of CRBSIs; this reduction was not related to a reduction in the intraluminal biofilm formation and the rate of bacterial colonization detected by scanning electron microscopy in the two groups.

  5. FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MORTALITY AMONG PATIENTS WITH CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETER-RELATED BLOODSTREAM INFECTION IN AN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscilla Roberta Silva Rocha

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Central venous catheterization is a common practice in the management of critically ill patients and is associated with various complications, such as Bloodstream Infections (BSI, which are major determinants of increased morbidity, mortality and healthcare expenses. Few studies have addressed factors that predict mortality in patients with this complication. The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with mortality in patients with Central Venous Catheter (CVC-related BSI in an intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital in the Federal District, Brazil. This was a retrospective and observational study, in which all CVC-related BSI that occurred between January 2008 and December 2010 were reviewed. We obtained demographic, clinical, biochemical and microbiological data from medical records and investigated its association with mortality during ICU stay. There were 4,504 ICU admissions during the study period and 68 were complicated by CVC-related BSI (4.09 per 1000 catheter-days, most due to gram-negative organisms (45.6%. Overall mortality was 59.7%. Death risk was significantly associated with mechanical ventilation (OR 27.8, 95% CI 3.28-250, p-1 in survivors vs. 73.9 mg dL-1 in non-survivors, p = 0.001. Mortality was not associated with other clinical or biochemical features, neither with microbiological variables, although lethality was high among patients with gram-positive infections (77% Vs 58.33% for fungi and 54.83% for gram-negative. CVC-related BSI was associated with high absolute mortality, which was predicted by mechanical ventilation and a higher number of invasive devices other than the CVC. Knowledge of local factors predictive of mortality is critical for planning strategies to reduce death risk associated with this complication.

  6. The Reason Analysis and Nursing of Subclavian Central Venous Catheter Blockage%经锁骨下置入中心静脉导管堵塞原因分析及护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董玲; 陈卉

    2014-01-01

    Through the comparison of central venous catheter and PICC catheter, the central venous catheter advantages, and to analyze the reasons for blocking, give corresponding nursing on its reason.%通过比较中心静脉置管与PICC置管,说明中心静脉置管的优点,并分析其堵塞的原因,就其原因给予相应的护理。

  7. 留置途径对中心静脉导管感染的影响%Influence of remaining needle on central venous catheter-related infection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽华; 杨筱敏

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influence of central venous catheter-related infection among different remaining needle. Methods The infection of central venous catheter with remaining needle in patients of comprehensive ICU was analyzed. Results There was the highest infection rate (31.2%) in femoral vein catheter group, followed by subclavian vein catheter group and jugular vein catheter (13.7%, 15.4%), peripheral venous catheter infection rate was lowest (3.8%). The difference among three groups was statistical significance (P<0. 01 ). Gram-positive bacteria was the major pathogenic bacterium. Conclusion The infection of central venous catheter was correlated with the puncture approach, central venous catheter to adopt the peripheral venous puncture approach may lower significantly catheter-related infection rate.%目的 探讨不同留置途径对中心静脉导管相关性感染的影响.方法 对重症监护病房采用不同途径留置中心静脉导管的患者进行回顾性分析,比较经不同途径留置中心静脉置管而发生感染的差异.结果 股静脉发生感染率最高(31.2%),锁骨下和颈内静脉置管发生感染率次之(13.7%、15.4%),经外周静脉置管发生感染率最低(3.8%),三者差异有显著性(P<0.01),并且感染的致病菌以革兰氏阳性菌为主.结论 中心静脉置管的感染与留置途径有明显的相关性,采用外周静脉置管途径可以明显降低中心静脉置管的感染率.

  8. Application of central venous catheter in hematodialysis%中心静脉置管在血液透析中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马樱

    2008-01-01

    Objective To approach the application and nursing strategy of central venous catheter in hematodialysis. Meth- ods Sterile operation was strictly done. The nursing of central venous catheter were strengthened. Infection of puncturation and ecchymoma were prevented. Results One hundred and thirty two patients with hematodialysis had been detained central venous catheter for 3 days to 1 months. Only 2 cases of which had infection in puncture point. Pyrogenetic reaction appeared in one case. Five patients developed phlebothrombesis, 3 had mechanical phlebophlogosis. All of above patients were cured by treat- ment. Conclusion It is a normal, safe and effect measure to detain central venous catheter in hematodialysis. The time of detain central venous catheter may be prolong by strengthening nursing, strictly operating in hematodialysis and timely changing dress- ings. Complications involving infection may be reduced.%目的 探讨中心静脉置管在血液透析中的应用和护理对策.方法 严格执行无菌操作,加强中心静脉导管留置过程中的护理,预防穿刺点感染和皮下血肿等并发症出现.结果 留置时间3 d~1个月,132例中发生穿刺点感染2例,其中出现发热反应1例,静脉血栓5例,机械性静脉炎3例,经治疗均好转.结论 中心静脉置管是血液透析最常用、安全和有效的通路,加强中心静脉留置管护理,严格透析操作,按时换药,可延长留王时间,减少感染等并发症.

  9. Inadvertent arterial insertion of a central venous catheter: delayed recognition with abrupt changes in pressure waveform during surgery -A case report-.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Yong Sun; Park, Ji Young; Kwak, Young Lan; Lee, Jong Wha

    2011-01-01

    We present a case of inadvertent arterial insertion of a central venous catheter, identified during a pericardiectomy procedure after observing abrupt changes in pressure waveform and confirmed via arterial blood gas analysis and transesophageal echocardiography. Central venous pressure measurement was initially 20 mmHg in supine, and then elevated to 30-40 mmHg in right lateral decubitus, presumably resulting from constrictive physiology of pericarditis. The pressure waveforms, however, abruptly changed from a venous to an arterial waveform during surgery. When visual discrimination between arterial and venous blood regurgitation is unreliable, anesthesiologists should confirm that using all the available methods one has on the scene, especially after at least two unsuccessful attempts or in patients with advanced age or clinical conditions resulting in jugular venous dilation. To prevent arterial catheterization, one should limit the leftward rotation of the head by <40° and consider using ultrasound-guided method after more than two unsuccessful attempts.

  10. [A retrospective study of the relationship between bacterial numbers from central venous catheter tip cultures and blood cultures for evaluating central line-associated bloodstream infections].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohtaki, Hirofumi; Ohkusu, Kiyofumi; Nakayama, Asami; Yonetamari, Jun; Ando, Kohei; Miyazaki, Takashi; Ohta, Hirotoshi; Furuta, Nobuyuki; Watanabe, Tamayo; Ito, Hiroyasu; Murakami, Nobuo; Seishima, Mitsuru

    2014-01-01

    Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is an infectious disease requiring special attention. It is a common cause of nosocomial infections; catheter insertion into the central veins particularly increases the risk of infection (CLA-BSI: central line-associated bloodstream infection). We examined the relationship between the number of bacterial colonies cultured from shredded central venous catheter (CVC) tips and from blood cultures in our hospital from 2011 to 2012. Coagulase-negative staphylococci topped the list of microbe isolated from the CVC tip culture, followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida spp. S. aureus and Candida spp., with growth of over 15 colony-forming units in the CVC tip culture, were also detected at high rates in the blood culture. However, gramnegative bacilli (Enterobacteriaceae and P. aeruginosa) did not show a similar increase in colony number in the CVC tip culture. Because microbes adhering to shredded catheter tips are readily detected by culture, this method is useful as a routine diagnostic test. In addition, prompt clinical reporting of the bacterial number of serious CLA-BSI-causing S. aureus and Candida spp. isolated from CVC tips could contribute to earlier CLA-BSI diagnosis.

  11. Efficacy and safety of using L-cysteine as a catheter-clearing agent for nonthrombotic occlusions of central venous catheters in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pai, Vinita B; Plogsted, Steven

    2014-10-01

    Critically ill pediatric patients, especially in the intensive care unit, receive multiple medications and have a higher risk of central venous catheter (CVC) occlusion. If an occlusion occurs immediately after the administration of multiple medications or incompatible medications, either an acidic solution such as 0.1 N hydrochloric acid (HCl) or a basic solution of 1 mEq/mL sodium bicarbonate or 0.1 N sodium hydroxide can be used. However, compounding and storing of 0.1 N HCl has become more complex due to USP guidelines for sterile compounding, and an alternative is needed. We report a series of cases in which L-cysteine was used instead of HCl to clear CVCs occluded due to administration of multiple medications. L-cysteine is a commercially available, sterile solution with a pH of 1–2.5. CVC occlusion was resolved in 10 of the 16 episodes in 13 patients. Two of the 16 occlusions were phenytoin related and would not have responded. An L-cysteine dose of 50 mg was used during 10 of the 16 episodes, 100 mg during 5 episodes, and 25 mg during 1 episode. A correlation between catheter clearance and dose was not observed. Occlusion resolution due to L-cysteine was not correlated to the prior use of tissue plasminogen activator. Metabolic acidosis, adverse effects, or damage to the catheters due to L-cysteine were not observed. On the basis of this limited experience, we propose L-cysteine as an effective alternative to 0.1 N HCl for clearing CVC occlusions caused by drugs with an acidic pKa.

  12. Successful Salvage of Central Venous Catheters in Patients with Catheter-Related or Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections by Using a Catheter Lock Solution Consisting of Minocycline, EDTA, and 25% Ethanol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raad, Issam; Chaftari, Anne-Marie; Zakhour, Ramia; Jordan, Mary; Al Hamal, Zanaib; Jiang, Ying; Yousif, Ammar; Garoge, Kumait; Mulanovich, Victor; Viola, George M; Kanj, Soha; Pravinkumar, Egbert; Rosenblatt, Joel; Hachem, Ray

    2016-06-01

    In cancer patients with long-term central venous catheters (CVC), removal and reinsertion of a new CVC at a different site might be difficult because of the unavailability of accessible vascular sites. In vitro and animal studies showed that a minocycline-EDTA-ethanol (M-EDTA-EtOH) lock solution may eradicate microbial organisms in biofilms, hence enabling the treatment of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) while retaining the catheter in situ Between April 2013 and July 2014, we enrolled 30 patients with CLABSI in a prospective study and compared them to a historical group of 60 patients with CLABSI who had their CVC removed and a new CVC inserted. Each catheter lumen was locked with an M-EDTA-EtOH solution for 2 h administered once daily, for a total of 7 doses. Patients who received locks had clinical characteristics that were comparable to those of the control group. The times to fever resolution and microbiological eradication were similar in the two groups. Patients with the lock intervention received a shorter duration of systemic antibiotic therapy than that of the control patients (median, 11 days versus 16 days, respectively; P < 0.0001), and they were able to retain their CVCs for a median of 74 days after the onset of bacteremia. The M-EDTA-EtOH lock was associated with a significantly decreased rate of mechanical and infectious complications compared to that of the CVC removal/reinsertion group, who received a longer duration of systemic antimicrobial therapy. (This study has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under registration no. NCT01539343.).

  13. Alginate Dressing Application in Hemostasis After Using Seldinger Peripherally Inserted Central Venous Catheter in Tumor Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Qun; Lei, Sanlin

    2015-12-01

    The aim of this study is to observe hemostatic effects of alginate dressing after using seldinger PICC catheter in tumor patients. Sixty tumor patients with PICC receiving chemotherapy were divided into the test group (30 cases) and the control group (30 cases) randomly. The test group was treated with alginate dressing and oppressed by the puncture point, while the control group was treated with gauze of the same size. PICC transparent films were used in both groups. Finally, dressing ooze blood soaked states on the puncture points and dressing change times were observed in the two groups for 1 week. Moreover, local infection rate and incidence of catheter leak were also evaluated. The results showed that the oozing of blood and the changing frequency in the test group were obviously less than that in the control group, and there has a statistical difference (P seldinger PICC catheter-induced hemorrhage.

  14. On-line blood viscosity monitoring in vivo with a central venous catheter, using electrical impedance technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pop, Gheorghe A M; Bisschops, Laurens L A; Iliev, Blagoy; Struijk, Pieter C; van der Hoeven, Johannes G; Hoedemaekers, Cornelia W E

    2013-03-15

    Blood viscosity is an important determinant of microvascular hemodynamics and also reflects systemic inflammation. Viscosity of blood strongly depends on the shear rate and can be characterized by a two parameter power-law model. Other major determinants of blood viscosity are hematocrit, level of inflammatory proteins and temperature. In-vitro studies have shown that these major parameters are related to the electrical impedance of blood. A special central venous catheter was developed to measure electrical impedance of blood in-vivo in the right atrium. Considering that blood viscosity plays an important role in cerebral blood flow, we investigated the feasibility to monitor blood viscosity by electrical bioimpedance in 10 patients during the first 3 days after successful resuscitation from a cardiac arrest. The blood viscosity-shear rate relationship was obtained from arterial blood samples analyzed using a standard viscosity meter. Non-linear regression analysis resulted in the following equation to estimate in-vivo blood viscosity (Viscosity(imp)) from plasma resistance (R(p)), intracellular resistance (R(i)) and blood temperature (T) as obtained from right atrium impedance measurements: Viscosity(imp)=(-15.574+15.576R(p)T)SR ((-.138RpT-.290Ri)). This model explains 89.2% (R(2)=.892) of the blood viscosity-shear rate relationship. The explained variance was similar for the non-linear regression model estimating blood viscosity from its major determinants hematocrit and the level of fibrinogen and C-reactive protein (R(2)=.884). Bland-Altman analysis showed a bias between the in-vitro viscosity measurement and the in-vivo impedance model of .04 mPa s at a shear rate of 5.5s(-1) with limits of agreement between -1.69 mPa s and 1.78 mPa s. In conclusion, this study demonstrates the proof of principle to monitor blood viscosity continuously in the human right atrium by a dedicated central venous catheter equipped with an impedance measuring device. No safety

  15. Comparison of complications between transjugular and axillosubclavian approach for placement of tunneled, central venous catheters in patients with hematological malignancy: a prospective study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sang Hoon; Hahn, Seong Tai [Catholic University of Korea, Diagnostic Radiology, Seoul (Korea)

    2005-06-01

    This study was designed to compare the incidence of mechanical, thrombotic and infective complications in transjugular (IJV) and axillosubclavian (SCV) central venous catheters (CVC) in patients with hematological malignancy. In a prospective observational trial, 131 consecutive patients were classified into two groups: Group A included those with IJV catheter insertions under sonography guidance (n=61) and group B included those with SCV insertions under venography guidance (n=70). After catheter placement, patients were prospectively acquired and recorded to obtain the following data: success rates, total catheter days, and complication episodes per 100 catheter days. All procedures were technically successful. Total catheter days were 7800 (group A) versus 8391(group B). Mechanical complications were observed in three cases from group A and 11 from group B, with an incidence rate of 0.04 per 100 catheter days versus 0.13 (P=0.043), respectively. Two symptomatic thrombotic complications were observed in group B. The number of infective complications was not significantly different between the two groups (P=0.312). There was no difference in infective complication incidence between the two groups. To minimize catheter-related mechanical and thrombotic complications, however, the IJV approach is superior to the SCV approach. (orig.)

  16. Reduction of central venous catheter associated blood stream infections following implementation of a resident oversight and credentialing policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    West Cheri E

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study assesses the impact that a resident oversight and credentialing policy for central venous catheter (CVC placement had on institution-wide central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI. We therefore investigated the rate of CLABSI per 1,000 line days during the 12 months before and after implementation of the policy. Methods This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data at an academic medical center with four adult ICUs and a pediatric ICU. All patients undergoing non-tunneled CVC placement were included in the study. Data was collected on CLABSI, line days, and serious adverse events in the year prior to and following policy implementation on 9/01/08. Results A total of 813 supervised central lines were self-reported by residents in four departments. Statistical analysis was performed using paired Wilcoxon signed rank tests. There were reductions in median CLABSI rate (3.52 vs. 2.26; p = 0.015, number of CLBSI per month (16.0 to 10.0; p = 0.012, and line days (4495 vs. 4193; p = 0.019. No serious adverse events reported to the Pennsylvania Patient Safety Authority. Conclusions Implementation of a new CVC resident oversight and credentialing policy has been significantly associated with an institution-wide reduction in the rate of CLABSI per 1,000 central line days and total central line days. No serious adverse events were reported. Similar resident oversight policies may benefit other teaching institutions, and support concurrent organizational efforts to reduce hospital acquired infections.

  17. Complications of indwelling central venous catheters in pediatric liver transplant recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cousin, Vladimir L; Wildhaber, Barbara E; Verolet, Charlotte M; Belli, Dominique C; Posfay-Barbe, Klara M; McLin, Valérie A

    2016-09-01

    In pLT recipients, the advantages of ICVCs need to be weighed against the risk of complications. This single-center retrospective study aimed to review ICVC complications in our cohort of pLT recipients. We performed chart reviews of pLT patients having undergone transplant between 01/2000 and 03/2014 and who underwent ICVC placement either before or after LT. We identified 100 ICVC in 85 patients. Overall observation time was 90 470 catheter-days. There was no difference in catheter lifespan between those inserted pre- or post-transplant; 46% of ICVC presented a complication. Most frequent complications were MD and infection. The infection rate was 0.09 per 1000 catheter-days, and MD rate was 0.36 per 1000 catheter-days. Patients having received technical variant grafts were more at risk of complications. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study examining ICVC complications in pLT recipients. We conclude that ICVC have a high rate of MD. Children receiving technical variants may be more at risk of complications. By removing ICVC in a select number of patients at six months post-insertion, we might avoid as much as 60% of complications.

  18. Entrapment of J-tip guidewires by Venatech and stainless-steel Greenfield vena cava filters during central venous catheter placement: percutaneous management in four patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, R T; Geschwind, J F; Savader, S J; Venbrux, A C

    1998-01-01

    We present four patients in whom bedside placement of a central venous catheter was complicated by entrapment of a J-tip guidewire by a previously placed vena cava (VC) filter. Two Venatech filters were fragmented and displaced into the superior VC or brachiocephalic vein during attempted withdrawal of the entrapped wire. Two stainless-steel Greenfield filters remained in place and intact. Fluoroscopically guided extraction of both wires entrapped by Greenfield filters was successfully performed in the angiography suite.

  19. ICU中心静脉导管感染患者的护理%Nursing of infections in patients with central venous catheter in ICU

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁月圆

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the central venous catheter related infections nursing in ICU .Methods:40 infection patients with central renous catheter from December 2012-December 2013 as the research object,according to the central venous catheter patients,clinical characteristics r related infection fac-tors to explore the nursing care.Results:All of 40 patients with infection were control effectively.Conclusion:Shortening the time of catheter,center care, strict aseptic concept,strengthen the medical staff to avoid reinfection between doctor-patient and doctor-nurse,improve the level of hospital care is effec-tively reduce the central venous catheter related infections such as one of the important measures.%目的:探讨ICU中心静脉导管感染患者的的护理措施。方法:选取2012年12月~2013年12月我院收治的40例中心静脉置管感染患者作为研究对象,根据中心静脉置管技术的临床特点及相关因素实施护理。结果:40例患者感染均得到有效控制。结论:缩短置管时间,严格中心静脉置管的护理,加强医护人员的无菌观念,避免医患、医护之间的再感染,提高医院的护理水平等是有效降低中心静脉置管感染的重要措施。

  20. Performance, pain, and quality of life on use of central venous catheter for management of pericardial effusions in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghods K

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Kamran Ghods,1 Mohammad Reza Razavi,2 Mohammad Forozeshfard3 1Clinical Research Development Unit (CRDU, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kowsar Hospital, 2Nursing Care Research Center, 3Cancer Research Center, Department of Anesthesiology, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran Abstract: Different pericardial catheters have been suggested as an effective alternative method for drainage of pericardial effusion. The aim of this study was to determine the performance, pain, and quality of life on use of central venous catheter (CVC for drainage of pericardial effusion in patients undergoing open heart surgery. Fifty-five patients who had developed pericardial effusion after an open heart surgery (2012–2015 were prospectively assessed. Triple-lumen central catheters were inserted under echocardiographic guidance. Clinical, procedural, complication, and outcome details were analyzed. Intensity of pain and quality of life of patients were assessed using the numerical rating scale and Short-Form Health Survey. CVC was inserted for 36 males and 19 females, all of whom had a mean age of 58.5±15 years, and the mean duration of the open heart surgery was 8±3.5 hours. The mean central venous pressure catheter life span was 14.6 days. No cases of recurrent effusion and complication were reported. The technical success rate of procedure was 100%. Intensity of pain and quality of life of patients had improved during follow-up. CVC insertion is a safe and effective technique for the management of pericardial effusion in patients after open heart surgery. Keywords: coronary artery bypass graft, pericardial effusion, central venous catheter

  1. Minimally Invasive Monitoring of Chronic Central Venous Catheter Patency in Mice Using Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna Figueiredo

    Full Text Available Repetitive administration of medication or contrast agents is frequently performed in mice. The introduction of vascular access mini-ports (VAMP for mice allows long-term vascular catheterization, hereby eliminating the need for repeated vessel puncture. With catheter occlusion being the most commonly reported complication of chronic jugular vein catheterization, we tested whether digital subtraction angiography (DSA can be utilized to evaluate VAMP patency in mice.Twenty-three mice underwent catheterization of the jugular vein and subcutaneous implantation of a VAMP. The VAMP was flushed every second day with 50 μL of heparinized saline solution (25 IU/ml. DSA was performed during injection of 100 μL of an iodine based contrast agent using an industrial X-ray inspection system intraoperatively, as well as 7±2 and 14±2 days post implantation.DSA allowed localization of catheter tip position, to rule out dislocation, kinking or occlusion of a microcatheter, and to evaluate parent vessel patency. In addition, we observed different ante- and retrograde collateral flow patterns in case of jugular vein occlusion. More exactly, 30% of animals showed parent vessel occlusion after 7±2 days in our setting. At this time point, nevertheless, all VAMPs verified intravascular contrast administration. After 14±2 days, intravascular contrast injection was verified in 70% of the implanted VAMPs, whereas at this point of time 5 animals had died or were sacrificed and in 2 mice parent vessel occlusion hampered intravascular contrast injection. Notably, no occlusion of the catheter itself was observed.From our observations we conclude DSA to be a fast and valuable minimally invasive tool for investigation of catheter and parent vessel patency and for anatomical studies of collateral blood flow in animals as small as mice.

  2. EARLY AND LATE COMPLICATIONS RELATED TO CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETERS IN HAEMATOLOGICAL MALIGNANCIES: A RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF 1102 PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Giacomo Morano

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Several severe complications may be associated with the use of central venous catheters (CVC. We retrospectively evaluated on a large cohort of patients the incidence of CVC-related early and late complications. From 7/99 to 12/2005, 1102 CVC have been implanted at our Institution in 881 patients with haematological malignancies (142,202 total day number of implanted CVC. Early mechanic complications were 79 (7.2% - 0.55/1,000 days/CVC. Thirty-nine episodes of early infective complications (<1 week from CVC implant occurred (3.5% - 0.3/1000 days/CVC: furthermore, 187 episodes of CVC-related sepsis (17% - 1.3/1000 days/CVC were recorded. There were 29 episodes (2.6% of symptomatic CVC-related thrombotic complications, with a median interval from CVC implant of 60 days (range 7 – 395. The rate of CVC withdrawal due to CVC-related complications was 26%. The incidence of CVC-related complications in our series is in the range reported in the literature, notwithstanding cytopenia often coexisting in haematological patients.

  3. 胸腔引流术置入中心静脉导管的护理%Nursing of Central Venous Catheter Placed in the Thoracic Drainage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢芳芳

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the nursing care of improved central venous catheter in thoracic drainage. Methods 40 cases of patients with pleural ef usion through improved central venous catheter drainage, preoperative personalized psychological care, strengthen the drainage, drainage, puncture point of protection and prevention of infection. Results 40 cases of patients with pleural ef usion were successful y cured, no complications, al cases were treated with pleural ef usion, relieve the symptoms of oppression. Conclusion The improved central venous catheter is convenient, safe and ef ective, and is an important measure to ensure the success of drainage.%目的探讨改良中心静脉导管在胸腔引流术中的护理。方法对40例经改良中心静脉置管引流术的胸腔积液患者,术前进行个性化心理护理,加强引流管引流术后引流、穿刺点的保护及预防感染。结果40例胸腔积液患者均成功治愈,无并发症,全部病例均经胸水取出,缓解压迫症状。结论改良中心静脉置管方便、安全、有效,是保证引流成功的重要措施。

  4. Duration and Adverse Events of Non-cuffed Catheter in Patients With Hemodialysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-09

    Renal Failure Chronic Requiring Hemodialysis; Central Venous Catheterization; Inadequate Hemodialysis Blood Flow; Venous Stenosis; Venous Thrombosis; Infection Due to Central Venous Catheter; Central Venous Catheter Thrombosis

  5. 新生儿中心静脉导管相关性感染的预防%Prevention of central venous catheter-related infections in neonates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欣宁

    2010-01-01

    Central venous catheters are indispensable in modern-day medical practice in neonatal intensive care units.Infection is the most frequent serious complication during these catheter-inserted days.Several strategies to prevent catheter-related infections are disputed all over the world.Studies have shown that some measures played a role in reducing the infection rate,which include maximal sterile barrier precautions,chlorhexidine preparation for skin antisepsis,routine replacement of catheter site dressings and connection sets,time-limited catheter insert,removal catheter after infected,antibiotic locked catheters and so on.%中心静脉导管是新生儿重症监护室常用的静脉通道,而感染是中心静脉导管置管术严重的并发症,各国的新生儿中心都在积极研究各种预防措施,但其有效性仍有争议.研究表明,严格无菌操作、洗必泰皮肤消毒剂、周期性更换辅料及导管连接装置、限期拔管、感染后及时拔管、抗生素封闭导管等措施在降低感染率方面有一定的作用.

  6. 中央型急性期下肢DVT置管溶栓与外周溶栓的比较%Outcomes of anticoagulation and thrombolysis for acute deep venous thrombosis via central venous catheter and peripheral venous injection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱少问; 郑小兵; 冯翔

    2013-01-01

    目的:比较中央型急性期DVT经外周静脉溶栓与局部置管溶栓治疗的效果,以指导临床治疗.方法:通过回顾性分析我院及江苏南通大学附属医院2010年9月~2012年7月期间收治的共42例下肢深静脉血栓形成患者的临床资料,按照治疗方法分为置管溶栓组(A组)、外周溶栓组(B组).其中外周溶栓组共20例,左侧13例,右侧6例,双侧1例.置管溶栓组共22例,左侧15例,右侧6例,双侧1例.通过监测患者临床症状,测量下肢周径变化比较两组治疗效果.结果:置管溶栓治疗方法具有平均起效时间快、总溶栓疗程短、溶栓药物总剂量低、并发症发生率及PTS发生率低等优点,而远期复发率与外周溶栓组无明显差异.结论:置管溶栓治疗方法优于外周溶栓治疗.%Objective :To compare the curative efficacy of anticoagulation and thrombolysis for acute deep venous thrombosis( DVT ) via central venous catheter management or peripheral venous management for summary of the clinical experience. Methods :The clinical data were reviewed in 42 patients with DVT undergone treatment respectively in our institution and the Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University between Sept. 2010 and Jul. 2012. The patients were randomized into either group A( n=22; 15 were symptoms of left lower extremity,6 of right and 1 of both extremities ) by thrombolytic therapy via central venous catheter or group B( n =20; 13 were acute episode of left lower limb, 6 of right and 1 of both lower limbs. ) managed with peripheral venous anticoagulation and thrombolysis. Two groups of patients were assessed for the curative efficacy by observing the relief of clinical symptoms and measuring the changes of the limb circumference. Results:Thrombolytic therapy for acute DVT via central venous catheter demonstrated advantages by earlier effects, shortened therapy duration, requirement of lower drug dosage, fewer incidence of complications and risk of developing the

  7. Safety and Complications of Double-Lumen Tunnelled Cuffed Central Venous Dialysis Catheters; Clinical and radiological perspective from a tertiary centre in Oman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rana S. Hamid

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study aimed to assess the technical success, safety and immediate and delayed complications of double-lumen tunnelled cuffed central venous catheters (TVCs at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH, Muscat, Oman. Methods: This retrospective study took place between January 2012 and October 2013. The clinical records and radiological data of all patients who underwent ultrasound- and fluoroscopy-guided TVC placement at SQUH during the study period were reviewed. Demographic data and information regarding catheter placement, technical success and peri- and post-procedure complications (such as catheter-related infections or thrombosis were collected. Results: A total of 204 TVCs were placed in 161 patients. Of these, 68 were female (42.2% and 93 were male (57.8%. The mean age of the patients was 54.4 ± 17.3 years. The most common reason for catheter placement was the initiation of dialysis (63.4%. A total of 203 procedures were technically successful (99.5%. The right internal jugular vein was the most common site of catheter placement (74.9%. Mild haemorrhage which resolved spontaneously occurred in 11 cases (5.4%. No other complications were observed. Subsequent follow-up data was available for 132 catheters (65.0%; of these, thrombosis-related catheter malfunction was observed in 22 cases (16.7% and catheter-related infection in 29 cases (22.0%. Conclusion: Radiological-guided placement of tunnelled haemodialysis catheters can be performed safely with excellent technical success. The success rate of catheter insertion at SQUH was favourable in comparison with other studies reported in the literature.

  8. Bilateral sternoclavicular joint septic arthritis secondary to indwelling central venous catheter: a case report

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    Pradhan Charita

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Septic arthritis of the sternoclavicular joint is rare, comprising approximately 0.5% to 1% of all joint infections. Predisposing causes include immunocompromising diseases such as diabetes, HIV infection, renal failure and intravenous drug abuse. Case presentation We report a rare case of bilateral sternoclavicular joint septic arthritis in an elderly patient secondary to an indwelling right subclavian vein catheter. The insidious nature of the presentation is highlighted. We also review the literature regarding the epidemiology, investigation and methods of treatment of the condition. Conclusion SCJ infections are rare, and require a high degree of clinical suspicion. Vague symptoms of neck and shoulder pain may cloud the initial diagnosis, as was the case in our patient. Surgical intervention is often required; however, our patient avoided major intervention and settled with parenteral antibiotics and washout of the joint.

  9. Factores que inciden sobre el tiempo de permanencia de un catéter endovenoso central Factors that affect the dwell time of a central venous catheter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Bello-Villalobos

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar los factores que inciden en el tiempo de permanencia de un catéter endovenoso central. Antecedentes: En el paciente con cáncer existen factores propios del estado de inmunocompromiso por el tumor y los efectos colaterales de su tratamiento que aumentan la probabilidad de infección y consecuentemente reducen el tiempo de uso de un catéter. Sujetos: Se integró una cohorte de 306 pacientes con cáncer, con una edad promedio de 59 ± 14,5 años. Intervenciones: Se definió tiempo cero como el día de colocación del catéter. Diariamente se buscaron signos clínicos de infección por catéter, con toma de hemocultivos simultáneos cada 7 días. El desenlace primario fue infección del catéter y el alternativo fin de tratamiento, obstrucción o fallecimiento del paciente. Se comparó el tiempo de permanencia del catéter infectado vs no infectado y su relación con factores de riesgo potenciales. Resultados: Se colocaron 306 catéteres para un total de 4.043 días/catéter. Se infectaron 25 (8,2%. La sobrevida media global fue de 50 días. Se encontró que a mayor tiempo de permanencia, mayor fue la incidencia de infección. En el análisis de sobrevida ajustado, la presencia de infección a distancia (OR = 4,71, IC95% = 1,7-10,1, p = 0,002 fue el factor que mostró una asociación significativa. Conclusiones: El tiempo de vida útil de un catéter es amplia, limitada por la presencia de infección a distancia como factor de riesgo potencial de infección por catéter.Objective: To determine the factors that affect the dwell time of a central venous catheter. Background: The own immunodeficiency in cancer patient and the collateral effects of their treatment increase the probability of infection and reduce the time of use of a catheter. Subjects: Incipient cohort of 306 patients with cancer, with an average age of 59 ± 14.5 years. Interventions: Time zero like the day of the placement of the catheter was defined. Daily

  10. Risk factors for central venous catheter-associated infections and prevention countermeasures%中心静脉导管感染因素及预防对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏雷; 郭小文; 叶素凤; 王美美; 洪钘钘

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the risk factors for central venous catheter-associated infections and put forward prevention countermeasures in response to the risk factors so as to provide guidance for prevention of the central venous catheter-associated infections .METHODS A total of 85 patients who underwent central venous catheter indwelling from Jan 2012 to Apr 2013 were recruited in the study ,then all the patients were treated with ultra-sound-guided central venous catheter indwelling ,the bacterial culture was performed for ends of catheters of the patients with suspected infections after the treatment ,the relevant data were analyzed ,the related factors for cen-tral venous catheter-associated infections were explored ,and the statistical analysis was performed with the use of SPSS 17 .0 software .RESULTS The bacteriological examination was positive in 12 of 85 patients who underwent the central venous catheter indwelling ,with the infection rate of 14 .12% .The infections occurred in 6 of 69 patients who got the successful puncture catheterization for one time ,with the infection rate of 8 .70% ;the infec-tions occurred in 6 of 16 patients who got the successful puncture catheterization for many times ,with the infection rate of 37 .50% ;the infection rate was significantly lower in the patients who got the successful puncture catheter-ization for one time than in those who got the successful puncture catheterization for many times .There was sig-nificant difference in the infection rate between the patients with different catheterization sites ,catheter indwelling time ,or types of catheter (P<0 .05) .CONCLUSION The incidence of central venous catheter-associated infec-tions is closely related to the frequency of puncture ,catheterization sites ,catheter indwelling time ,and types of catheter .It is necessary to pay attention to the proficiency of operation procedures ,choose appropriate probes and types of catheter as well as puncture sites ,and implement aseptic

  11. Contrast media power injection using central venous port catheters - results of an in vitro study; Kontrastmitteldruckinjektion in Portkathetersysteme - Ergebnisse einer In-vitro-Studie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gebauer, B. [Klinik fuer Strahlenheilkunde, Charite, Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Buch, Berlin (Germany); Teichgraeber, U.K.M.; Hothan, T. [Klinik fuer Strahlenheilkunde, Charite, Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin (Germany); Felix, R. [Klinik fuer Strahlenheilkunde, Charite, Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Buch, Berlin (Germany); Klinik fuer Strahlenheilkunde, Charite, Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin (Germany); Wagner, H.J. [Klinik fuer Strahlendiagnostik, Medizinisches Zentrum fuer Radiologie, Klinikum der Philipps-Univ., Marburg (Germany)

    2005-10-01

    Purpose: are implanted central venous port catheters suitable for contrast media pressure (power) injection in computed tomography? Material and methods: in an in vitro study 100 ml of contrast medium (Ultravist 370, Schering, Berlin, Deutschland) was injected through 20 different port catheter systems using a power injector (Stellant, Medrad, Inianola, USA) with a pressure limit of 325 PSI. The injection rate was increased from 2 ml/s to 10 ml/s in increments of 2 ml/s. The maximum injection pressure and maximum injection rate were assessed. Results: an injection rate of 2 ml/s was possible in all catheter systems. Injection rates of 4 ml/s in 18 systems, 6 ml/s in 13 systems and 8 ml/s in 6 systems were achieved. With a given pressure limit of 325 PSI an injection rate of 10 ml/s was not possible in any of the port catheter systems. There were no catheter ruptures, catheter disconnections or contrast extravasations noted. (orig.)

  12. Analysis of Central Venous Catheter-related Infections%中心静脉导管相关性感染的临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄业; 谢逢春; 刘凤鸣

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the central venous catheter-related infections prevention strategies.Method: 120 patients in our hospital to accept deep vein indwelling tube were selected,the prevention and control measures were analyzed.Result:Among 120 patients received the central venous catheterization,the infection of catheter export was found in 3 cases,accounting for 2.50%,5 cases of catheter-related bloodstream infection, accounting for 4.17%,both of which were recovery after the corresponding disposals.Conclusion:Strengthening education and training of medical personnel,strict aseptic can effective prevent central venous catheter-related infections.%目的:探讨中心静脉导管相关性感染预防策略。方法:抽取笔者所在医院的接受深静脉留置管的120例患者为研究对象,分析预防、控制措施。结果:在行中心静脉置管术的120例患者中,3例患者出现置管出口部位感染,占2.50%,5例患者发生导管相关血流感染,占4.17%,通过对患者进行相应的临床处理,均得到一定的改善。结论:需要加强医务人员的教育培训,严格进行无菌操作,有效预防中心静脉导管相关性感染的发生。

  13. Risk of extravasation after power injection of contrast media via the proximal port of multilumen central venous catheters. Case report and review of the literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schummer, C.; Sakr, Y.; Reinhart, K. [Jena Univ. (Germany). Klinik fuer Anaestesiologie und Intensivtherapie; Steenbeck, J. [Jena Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; Gugel, M. [Zentralklinik Bad Berka (Germany). Klinik fuer Anaesthesiologie und Intensivtherapie; Schummer, W. [SRH Zentralklinikum Suhl (Germany). Dept. of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine

    2010-01-15

    Multilumen central venous catheters (CVCs) are not commonly used for power injection. However, in critically ill patients, CVCs - most of which do not have FDA approval for power injection - may be the only available venous access. The pitfalls of multilumen CVCs are illustrated by a case report of a patient in whom extravasation of intravenously administered contrast medium occurred after power injection in a triple-lumen CVC using the lumen with the port furthest from the catheter tip. The underlying mechanisms for the displacement of the initially correctly placed right subclavian CVC could include elevation of both arms of the obese patient or the power injection itself. The distances between port openings and catheter tips of various commercially available multilumen CVCs are assessed. We examine the possible caveats of ECG-guided CVC placement for optimal tip position, discuss technical difficulties related to power injection via CVCs, and review commonly used drugs that may cause extravasation injury. Knowledge of the distances between CVC port openings and the catheter tip are essential for safe intravasal administration of fluids. (orig.)

  14. 血液透析患者中心静脉置管感染预防%Prevention analysis of central venous catheter infection in hemodialysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王虹; 叶桦; 熊杰林

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究探讨血液透析患者在进行中心静脉置管以后的护理措施和预防措施,为降低血液透析患者中心静脉置管感染率提供理论指导。方法调查2012年2月-2013年5月在医院治疗的150例血液透析患者临床资料,随机分为试验组和对照组,每组各75例;将感染发生情况根据发病原因、置管部位、留置时间以及导管的通畅程度等因素进行分析对比,数据采用χ2检验。结果150例血液透析患者发生感染共44例,总感染率为29.33%,试验组患者发生感染15例,感染率为20.0%;对照组患者发生感染29例,感染率为38.67%,两组差异有统计学意义(χ2=5.6380,P<0.05)。结论确定导管感染发生原因,加强中心静脉置管的护理以及规范血液透析管理,并且采取有效的防治措施,提高血液透析患者的生存率和生活质量;延长中心静脉置管使用期限的关键就是预防中心静脉置管感染和阻塞。%OBJECTIVE To investigate and discuss nursing strategy for central venous catheterization and preventive measures for hemodialysis patients to provide theoretical guidance for reducing central venous catheter infection rates .METHODS Data of 150 hemodialysis patients admitted in the hospital from Feb .2012 to May 2013 were investigated .The 150 hemodialysis patients were randomly divided into two groups ,ie ,the experimental group and the control group ,75 patients in each group .Factors including causes of infections ,catheter sites ,retention time and obstruction situation were analyzed and compared ,data were processed with χ2 test .RESULTS There were 44 cases of infections in the 150 hemodialysis patients ,with the total infection rate of 29 .33% ,including 15 cases in the experimental group ( the infection rate 20 .0% ) and 29 in the control group (38 .67% ) ,with signifi-cant differences (χ2 =5 .6380 ,P<0 .05) .CONCLUSION To determine the causes of

  15. Central venous catheter infection of 521 patients in ICU%521例ICU患者中心静脉导管感染分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明; 钱俊英; 解建; 李涛; 徐拥庆; 杨君; 姜志明; 张众慧

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析ICU患者留置中心静脉导管感染的病原学及感染危险因素,探讨中心静脉导管感染的防治策略.方法 回顾性分析2000年1月-2009年11月ICU送检中心静脉导管尖端培养521份标本的培养结果,数据行线性趋势χ2检验.结果 521例中培养阳性209例,分离出真菌73株占34.93%,革兰阳性菌62株占29.66%,革兰阴性菌74株占35.41%;颈内静脉和股静脉导管培养阳性率大于锁骨下静脉;置管时间8~14 d的阳性率最高;普通管感染高于血液透析管和抗感染管.结论 中心静脉导管感染与静脉置管类型、部位、留置时间具有相关性,革兰阴性杆菌和真菌感染为主要的病原菌;ICU应加强对导管感染的预防措施.%OBJECTIVE To analyze the aetiology and risk factors of central venous catheter infections in ICU patients, to explore the prophylaxis and treatment for catheter-related infections.METHODS A total of 521 cases collected from Jan 2000 to Nov 2009 in intensive care unit (ICU) of our hospital were analyzed retrospectively.RESULTS Among 521 cases, 209 cases were with positive results of fungi, accounting for 34.93% and G+(29.66%) and G- (35.41%).The positive rates of internal jugular vein and femoral vein catheter were higher than that of subclavian vein catheter.The positive rates of indwelling time for 8-14 days were the highest.The infection rate of common catheter was higher than that of hemodialysis and anti-infection catheter.CONCLUSIONS Central venous cathete infection is related to the catheter type, the indwelling location and time.Fungi and G- are the major pathogens.It is necessary to adopt a series of preventive measures for the catheter infections.

  16. Supraclavicular approach of central venous catheter insertion in critical patients in emergency settings: Re-visited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaurav Singh Tomar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The supraclavicular approach was first put into clinical practice in 1965 by Yoffa and is an underused method for gaining central access. It offers several advantages over the conventional infraclavicular approach to the subclavian vein. At the insertion site, the subclavian vein is closer to the skin, and the right-sided approach offers a straighter path into the subclavian vein. Also, this site is often more accessible during CPR and surgical procedures. In patients who are obese, this anatomic area is less distorted and in patient with congestive heart failure and cervical spine instability repositioning is not required.

  17. Cessation of In-line Filters in Central Venous Catheters Does Not Significantly Influence the Incidence of Bloodstream Infections and Mortality in a Hospital Hematological Ward.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Hiroaki; Ambiru, Satoshi; Kawaguchi, Takeharu; Sugita, Yasumasa; Kawajiri, Chika; Nagao, Yuhei; Shimura, Takenori

    2016-01-01

    Objective The use of intravenous in-line filters is effective for the mechanical removal of large particles, precipitates, bacteria, fungi, large lipid globules, and air. However, the routine use of in-line filters remains controversial. Many patients with hematological diseases frequently suffer from bloodstream infections (BSIs) with fatal outcomes. Methods The year before cessation of an in-line filter was defined as the "filter period" and the year after its cessation was defined as the "non-filter period." The number of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), which are defined through surveillance, the catheter utilization rate, the number of patient deaths within 7 days after removal of the central venous catheters (CVCs), and the overall survival rate following CVC insertion were measured. Results During both periods, 84 patients had a total of 140 CVCs with a total number of catheter days of 3,407. There were 10 CVCs with CLABSIs, and the overall CLABSI rate was 2.9/1,000 catheter days, including 4 CVCs with CLABSIs (2.5/1,000 catheter days) during the filter period and 6 CVCs with CLABSIs (3.3/1,000 catheter days) during the non-filter period. The CLABSI rate, catheter utilization rate, and mortality did not differ significantly between the two periods. The only independent variable that was found to be significantly associated with the development of CLABSIs was a neutrophil count of line filters from CVCs does not significantly influence the incidence of BSIs and mortality in patients with hematological disease. To confirm our results, however, a large-scale randomized controlled study is warranted.

  18. INCIDENCE OF INFECTION ASSOCIATED TO CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETERS IN A NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Teixeira Reis

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo transversal e retrospectivo que objetivou  identificar o tipo de cateter venoso central (CVC mais utilizado na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIN de um hospital público universitário do estado do Rio de Janeiro, estratificado por peso de nascimento e apresentar as densidades de incidência de infecção associadas aos dispositivos.  Os dados foram coletados através de análise documental nos meses de junho e julho de 2008, referentes ao período de julho a dezembro de 2007, totalizando um registro de 712 cateteres-dia. Foi verificado o cateter central de inserção periférica (CCIP/PICC como o dispositivo mais utilizado na unidade, seguido do cateter venoso umbilical e da dissecção venosa. A densidade de incidência das infecções primárias da corrente sanguínea foi cerca de oito vezes maior nos recém-nascidos com peso ≤ 1.500g, sendo o cateter umbilical o dispositivo mais associado a essas infecções.

  19. A comparative study of landmark-based topographic method versus the formula method for estimating depth of insertion of right subclavian central venous catheters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tejesh C Anandaswamy

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Subclavian central venous catheterisation (CVC is employed in critically ill patients requiring long-term central venous access. There is no gold standard for estimating their depth of insertion. In this study, we compared the landmark topographic method with the formula technique for estimating depth of insertion of right subclavian CVCs. Methods: Two hundred and sixty patients admitted to Intensive Care Unit requiring subclavian CVC were randomly assigned to either topographic method or formula method (130 in each group. Catheter tip position in relation to the carina was measured on a post-procedure chest X-ray. The primary endpoint was the need for catheter repositioning. Mann–Whitney test and Chi-square test was performed for statistical analysis using SPSS for windows version 18.0 (Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Results: Nearly, half the catheters positioned by both the methods were situated >1 cm below the carina and required repositioning. Conclusion: Both the techniques were not effective in estimating the approximate depth of insertion of right subclavian CVCs.

  20. Tunnelled Central Venous Catheter-Related Problems in the Early Phase of Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and Effects on Transplant Outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmut Yeral

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Haematopoietic stem cell recipients need central venous catheters (CVCs for easy administration of intravenous fluid, medications, apheresis, or dialysis procedures. However, CVCs may lead to infectious or non-infectious complications such as thrombosis. The effect of these complications on transplantation outcome is not clear. This manuscript presents the complication rates of double-lumen tunnelled CVCs and their effect on transplantation outcome. METHODS: Data from 111 consecutive patients, of whom 75 received autologous and 36 received allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantations, were collected retrospectively. The data were validated by the Record Inspection Group of the related JACIE-accredited transplantation centre. RESULTS: Thrombosis developed in 2.7% of recipients (0.9 per 1000 catheter days. Catheter-related infection was identified in 14 (12.6% patients (3.6 per 1000 catheter days. Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus was the most common causative agent. Engraftment time, rate of 100-day mortality, and development of grade II-IV graft-versus-host disease were not found to be associated with catheter-related complications. CONCLUSION: Sonuçlarımız nakil hastalarında tünelli SVK komplikasyonlarının yönetilebilir olduğunu ve bu komplikasyonların nakil üzerine olumsuz bir etki yaratmadığını göstermektedir.

  1. 血液透析用中心静脉导管相关感染的研究%Study on Central Venous Catheter-related Infections in Hemodialysis Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张智敏; 钟汉声; 王昱景; 张志强

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察血液透析患者透析用中心静脉导管感染的相关致病菌及有效治疗。方法分别进行临时性颈内静脉置管390例次,与带cuff的中心静脉导管40例次,股静脉置管150例次,中心静脉导管留置期间共出现68例次导管感染。每例次导管感染均送实验室进行细菌培养。结果血液透析患者透析用中心静脉导管感染总感染率为11.7%,中心静脉导管感染主要致病菌分别是金黄色葡萄球菌、大肠埃希菌、鲍曼不动杆菌复合菌、表皮葡萄球菌。股静脉置管导管感染发生率高于颈内静脉置管。结论抗生素全身应用或封管局部应用及拔出中心静脉导管是中心静脉导管感染的有效治疗方法。%Objective To observe pathogens of central venous catheter-related infections in hemodialysis patients and to find an effective treatment. Methods We performed 390 cases ( cases/times) of temporary internal jugular vein catheterization, 40 cases of central venous catheter with cuffs and 150 cases of femoral vein catheterization respectively. There were 68 cases of catheter infection occurred in the central venous catheter indwelling period. Each case of catheter infection was sent to the labora-tory for bacterial culture. Results The total infection rate of central venous catheter in hemodialysis patients was 11. 7%. The predominant pathogens of central venous catheter-related infection were Staphylococcus aureus,Escherichia coli,Acinetobacter bau-mannii complex strains and Staphylococcus epidermidis respectively. The infection rate occurred in femoral vein catheter was higher than the internal jugular vein catheterization. Conclusion Systemic antibiotics or topical application for sealing central venous cathe-ters and pull out central venous catheters is effective in the treatment of central venous catheter-related infection.

  2. 抗感染中心静脉导管临床应用的研究%Effect of clinical application of anti-infective central venous catheter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢明英; 申建维; 刘显畅

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨抗感染中心静脉导管在减少导管相关性感染和细菌定植中的作用,以降低导管相关感染率。方法选取2011年5月-2013年5月于IC U行深静脉置管患者64例,随机分为观察组和对照组,各32例,对照组采用普通中心静脉导管,观察组采用黄嘧啶银和氯己定抗感染中心静脉导管,观察比较两组患者导管留置、导管拔除、导管相关性感染和细菌定植。结果留置导管时间观察组为(14.5±2.6)d,对照组为(8.3±3.7)d,观察组留置导管时间长于对照组,两组比较差异有统计学意义(χ2=6.563,P<0.05),观察组无局部感染,对照组局部感染6例感染率18.75%,观察组局部感染、导管细菌定植例数明显少于对照组,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组细菌定植和感染延时显著优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.001)。结论抗感染中心静脉导管在减少导管相关性感染和细菌定植中具有重要的积极作用,但导管留置时间>两周,抗感染中心静脉导管的细菌定植和导管相关性感染明显增加,通过缩短导管留置时间是减少导管相关性感染的重要手段。%OBJECTIVE To explore the effect of use of anti-infective central venous catheter on reduction of incidence of catheter-related infections or bacterial colonization so as to reduce the incidence of catheter-related infections .METHODS Totally 64 patients who underwent the deep venous catheterization in the ICU from May 2011 to May 2013 were enrolled in the study and randomly divided into the observation group and the control group ,with 32 cases in each group ,the control group was treated with conventional central venous catheter ,while the observation group was given yellow-Ag and chlorhexidine anti-infective central venous catheter ; the intubation ,extubation , catheter-associated infections , and bacterial

  3. Risk factors associated with central venous catheter related infection%中心静脉置管相关感染影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玥琪; 李敏; 葛圣金; 薛张纲

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the risk factors associated with central venous catheter related infectioa Methods Fifty patients receiving central venous catheterization in the general surgical wards, surgical intensive care unit and hospital observation room from May to October, 2009 were studied. The factors including demographic data, distribution of medical resources, programs and the procedures of treatment, details about central venous catheter insertion were recorded and analyzed using logistic regression analysis. Results Fifty patients received totally 61 catheter insertion. There was no catheter related infection observed in the general surgical wards or the surgical intensive care unit, while 6 cases in the hospital observation room were diagnosed Logistic regression analysis outcome showed the different environments (OR = 2. 678, 95%CI 1.154-6.235), period of the preservation of the catheter(OR=1. 372, 95%CI 1. 326-5. 735) and the existence of other infection (OR= 2.712, 95% Cl 1.181-6.174) were predicting factor of catheter related infection. Conclusion Favourable environment and professional medical treatment team could effectively prevent central venous catheter related infection%目的 分析中心静脉置管相关感染的影响因素.方法 2009年5~10月普通外科病房、外科重症监护室和留院观察室接受中心静脉导管穿刺置管的患者.调查患者一般情况、诊疗方案及诊治过程、中心静脉穿刺置管相关情况,行多因素Logistic回归分析.结果 50例患者中心静脉穿刺置管61例次.普通外科病房和外科重症监护室未观察到导管相关感染的发生,留院观察室有6例次发生导管相关血流感染.不同科室(OR=2.678,95%CI 1.154~6.235)、导管留置时间(OR=1.372,95%CI 1.326~5.735)、是否存在他处感染(OR=2.712,95%CI 1.181~6.174)是中心静脉相关感染发生的独立影响因素.结论 良好的环境、专业性强的医疗团队对于预防与控制中心

  4. Tamponamento cardíaco em dois recém-nascidos causado por cateter umbilical Cardiac tamponade caused by central venous catheter in two newborns

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    Andrey José Monteiro

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Tamponamento cardíaco secundário ao uso de cateter venoso central é uma complicação rara, porém potencialmente tratável, quando identificada a tempo. Nós relatamos dois casos de tamponamento cardíaco, diagnosticados por ecocardiograma transtorácico, seguido de pericardiocentese de urgência e drenagem pericárdica cirúrgica como complicação de cateterização venosa umbilical. Em um caso, a ponta do cateter estava adequadamente localizada e, no outro caso, não. Em ambos os casos, solução hiperosmolar estava sendo infundida. Apesar de situação incomum, esta deve ser sempre considerada em neonato, evoluindo com choque cardiogênico sem causa aparente.Cardiac tamponade secondary to the use of central venous catheter is a rare complication; however, it is potentially reversible when it is caught in time. We report two cases of cardiac tamponade that was diagnosed using a transthoracic echocardiography, followed by urgent pericardiocentesis and surgical pericardial drainage as a complication from umbilical venous catheterization. In one case, the tip of the catheter was properly placed, and in the other case, it was not. In both cases, a hyperosmolar solution was being injected. Although it may be an uncommon situation, it should be always considered as a possibility in a newborn who develops cardiogenic shock without an apparent cause.

  5. A comparative study of two techniques (electrocardiogram- and landmark-guided for correct depth of the central venous catheter placement in paediatric patients undergoing elective cardiovascular surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeraj Kumar Barnwal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: The complications of central venous catheterisation can be minimized by ensuring catheter tip placement just above the superior vena cava-right atrium junction. We aimed to compare two methods, using an electrocardiogram (ECG or landmark as guides, for assessing correct depth of central venous catheter (CVC placement. Methods: In a prospective randomised study of sixty patients of <12 years of age, thirty patients each were allotted randomly to two groups (ECG and landmark. After induction, central venous catheterisation was performed by either of the two techniques and position of CVC tip was compared in post-operative chest X-ray with respect to carina. Unpaired t-test was used for quantitative data and Chi-square test was used for qualitative data. Results: In ECG group, positions of CVC tip were above carina in 12, at carina in 9 and below carina in 9 patients. In landmark group, the positions of CVC tips were above carina in 10, at carina in 4 and below carina in 16 patients. Mean distance of CVC tip in ECG group was 0.34 ± 0.23 cm and 0.66 ± 0.35 cm in landmark group (P = 0.0001. Complications occurred in one patient in ECG group and in nine patients in landmark group (P = 0.0056. Conclusion: Overall, landmark-guided technique was comparable with ECG technique. ECG-guided technique was more precise for CVC tip placement closer to carina. The incidence of complications was more in the landmark group.

  6. 血透患者中心静脉置管感染原因分析及护理对策%Cause analysis and nursing countermeasures of central venous catheter infection in hemodialysis patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶龙华

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the causes and nursing countermeasures of central venous catheter infection in hemodialysis patients.Methods:95 patients with central venous catheter were selected.The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The causes of central venous catheter infection in hemodialysis patients included the duration of catheter insertion,the location of the catheter,and the underlying diseases of the patients.Conclusion:Under the premise of not affecting the treatment effect, shortening the duration of catheter insertion,selecting subclavia venae catheter can reduce the risk of infection in hemodialysis patients.%目的:探讨血透患者中心静脉置管感染原因及护理对策。方法:收治中心静脉置管患者95例,回顾性分析其临床资料。结果:血透患者中心静脉置管感染原因包括置管时间、置管部位及患者基础疾病等。结论:在不影响治疗的前提下,缩短置管时间,选择锁骨下静脉置管,能降低血透患者的感染概率。

  7. 中心静脉导管在胸腔闭式引流中的应用%Application of central venous catheter to closed thoracic drainage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁育梅

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of application of central venous catheter in closed thoracic drainage instead of chest tube.Methods:60 patients with pneumothorax and pleural effusion were randomly divided into the observation group and the control group (30cases in each group).The patients in the control group were given closed thoracic drainage with common silica gel drainage tube and the central venous catheter was used in the closed thoracic drainage instead of chest tube in the observation group.Results:After 10-day treatment,the indwelling time of catheter and wound healing time were significantly shorter in the observation group than the control group (P < 0.01) ; the incidence of complications was significantly lower in the observation group than the control group (P < 0.05).Conclusion:The central venous catheter used in closed thoracic drainage has the advantages of simple operation,fast healing,less infection,less bleeding and milder pain.The positive nursing care has an important significance to promote the rehabilitation of the patients.%目的:探讨中心静脉导管代替胸管在胸腔闭式引流中的应用效果.方法:将60例气胸、胸腔积液患者随机分为观察组和对照组各30例,对照组采用普通硅胶引流管行胸腔闭式引流术,观察组采用中心静脉导管代胸管行胸腔闭式引流.结果:治疗10 d后,观察组置管时间和伤口愈合时间均明显短于对照组(P<0.01),并发症发生情况明显少于对照组(P<0.05).结论:中心静脉导管应用于胸腔闭式引流术中,操作简单,患者愈合快、感染少、出血少、疼痛轻,积极的护理对促进患者康复具有重要意义.

  8. Retrospective analysis of deep venous thrombosis caused by central venous catheter in hemodialysis patients%血透患者中心静脉置管导致深静脉血栓368例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张林; 廖丹; 李红

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the etiology of deep vein thrombosis caused by central venous catheter in hemodi-alysis patients and explore the methods of prevention and treatment. Methods A retrospective study was performed to a-nalysis the relationship between deep vein thrombosis (DVT) with central venous catheter and other patient characteristics (age, complications, catheter lien time and degree of activity) in 421 patient accepted hemodialysis by central venous catheter in blood purification center of our hospital. Resnlts 8 cases occurred deep vein thrombosis complication. Among them, 7 (87. 6%) happened in hemodialysis through femoral vein indwelling catheter, and significantly higher than through Subclavian vein indwelling catheter (12. 5%). In the 8 patients. 4 cases (50%) is diabetic nephropathy, 2 patients (25%) chronic glomerulonephritis, 1 case (12. 5%) hypertension nephropathy, 1 case (12. 5%) multiple myeloma correlation nephritis. The incidence in diabetic nephropathy group was significant higher compared with other diseases group (P<0. 01). Catheter lien time was 8 hours~9 months, average 6. 3 months. But in the eight patients was average 7. 6 months, and significantly higher compared with other patients (P<0. 01). Lower limbs deep vein thrombosis incidence in 60 years old and above cases is significantly higher than less than 60 years old (P<0. 01). Conclusion DVT occurrence is directly associated with central venous catheter, but also with the age, complications, catheter lien time.%目的 探讨血液透析患者经中心静脉置管导致深静脉血检的病因、治疗以及预防措施.方法 回顾性分析血液净化中心421例次留置中心静脉导管患者发生深静脉血栓(DVT)情况,并探讨相关因素与发生DVT之间的关系.结果 8例发生相关深静脉血栓并发症,其中股静脉留置导管7例(87.5%),镇骨下静脉留置导管1例(12.5%),两组之间比较有显著性差异(P<0.01); 8例患者中有4倒(50

  9. [Femoral venous catheter: an unusual complication].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, P; Mora, A; Trambert, P; Maler, E; Courant, P

    2000-08-01

    We report an erratic course of a venous femoral catheter which was in the abdominal cavity in a patient with an haemoperitoneum and an hepatic injury. This complication led to an inefficiency of the transfusion and a worsening of the haemoperitoneum.

  10. Malpostion of subclavin central venous cannulation into ipsilateral jugular vein -An unusal case report

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    Vishal

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Central venous catheterization (CVC via infraclavicular subclavian approach in neurosurgical pat ients is very common practice. Malpositioning of central venous catheter inserted into subclavian vein is a known and dreaded complication. Malpositioning of catheter tip into ipsilateral jugular vein is an unusual occurrence. We hereby describe a case whe re a subclavian central venous catheter malpositioned into ipsilateral jugular vein

  11. Malpostion of subclavin central venous cannulation into ipsilateral jugular vein -An unusal case report

    OpenAIRE

    Vishal; Sumantra; Rajnikant; Dilpreet; Shweta

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Central venous catheterization (CVC) via infraclavicular subclavian approach in neurosurgical pat ients is very common practice. Malpositioning of central venous catheter inserted into subclavian vein is a known and dreaded complication. Malpositioning of catheter tip into ipsilateral jugular vein is an unusual occurrence. We hereby describe a case whe re a subclavian central venous catheter malpositioned into ipsilateral jugular vein

  12. Complications of peripherally inserted central venous catheters in neonates: Lesson learned over 2 years in a tertiary care centre in India

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    Amit Singh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The objective of this study was to assess the complications of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICC in neonates admitted to neonatal surgical intensive care unit (NSICU. Patients and Methods: Retrospective analysis of 237 neonates admitted to NSICU from January 2010 to December 2011 was done. Results: Mean age at presentation was 5.8 days and mean weight was 1.94 kg. Mean number of attempts was 1.14, mean duration of insertion 8.4 min and mean duration of patency of catheter 3.14 days. Most common site of catheter insertion was upper extremity (basilic followed by cephalic. Overall complications were seen in 47 (23% cases. Infectious complications were seen in 22 (10.7% and non-infectious in 25 (12.2% cases. Significant correlation existed between non-infective complications and insertion site (P = 0.03 and duration of PICC (P = 0.04. Conclusion: Precautions should be taken and position must be confirmed during and after PICC insertion to avoid undue complications.

  13. Diagnosis of an infected central venous catheter with ultrasound and computed tomography; Diagnose eines infizierten Thrombus der Vena cava inferior mit Sonographie und Computertomographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tacke, J. [RWTH Aachen (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik; Adam, G. [RWTH Aachen (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik; Sliwka, U. [RWTH Aachen (Germany). Neurologische Klinik; Klosterhalfen, B. [RWTH Aachen (Germany). Inst. fuer Pathologie; Schoendube, F. [RWTH Aachen (Germany). Klinik fuer Thorax- Herz- und Gefaesschirurgie

    1995-08-01

    The authors report the case of a 16-year-old male patient, who suffered from meningitis and Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome. After initial improvement in the intensive care unit, he developed septic temperatures, caused by an infected thrombus of a central venous catheter in the inferior vena cava, Color-coded ultrasound showed hyperechogenic signals and missing flow detection at the catheter tip. Computed tomography showed air bubbles in the thrombosed catheter tip and confirmed the diagnosis. Vasuclar surgery was done and an infected, 17-cm-long infected thrombus was removed. (orig./VHE) [Deutsch] Die Autoren berichten ueber den Fall eines 16jaehrigen Patienten, dem wegen einer Meningitis und der Zeichen eines Waterhouse-Friderichsen-Syndroms ein femoralvenoeser Zentralkatheter gelegt wurde. Nach initialer Entfieberung entwickelte sich eine Sepsis, deren Ursache in einem infizierten Thrombus des Zentralvenenkatheters lag. Die Diagnose wurde sonographisch gestellt und nachfolgend computertomographisch bestaetigt. In beiden Verfahren wiesen Lufteinschluesse im Katheterthrombus auf die Injektion hin. Der Befund wurde durch eine gefaesschirurgische Thrombektomie bestaetigt und therapiert. (orig./VHE)

  14. Transhepatic venous catheters for hemodialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed El Gharib

    2014-06-01

    Conclusion: Based on our findings, transhepatic hemodialysis catheters have proven to achieve good long-term functionality. A high level of maintenance is required to preserve patency, although this approach provides remarkably durable access for patients who have otherwise exhausted access options.

  15. Sonographic guidance for tunneled central venous catheters insertion in pediatric oncologic patients:guided punctures and guide wire localization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gehad T. Meselhy; Kareem R. Sallam; Maged M. Elshafiey; Amal Refaat; Ahmad Samir; Alaa A. Younes

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Totally implantable devices (TIDs) and external tunneled catheters (ETCs) became a basic requirement in the treatment of pediatric oncologic patients. Techniques for implantation and confirmation of proper position vary among different centers. The article presented different techniques for sonographic guided puncture of the target central vein and confirmation of the proper position of tunneled catheters. Methods: This was an observational study with a single crossover phase, in which operators initially used the open cut down technique and subsequently converted to the ultrasound guided technique. Internal jugular vein (IJV) was used in all cases. Results: In ultrasound guided group, TIDs were inserted in 121cases while ETCs were inserted in 13 cases. Ultrasound was successful in guiding IJV puncture from the first trial in all cases and in guide-wire localization in the right atrium in 132 cases. There were no reported cases of hematoma, pneumothorax,hemothorax, catheter malposition or surgical-site infection (SSI) in the perioperative period. In the open cut down group, TIDs were inserted in 119 cases. Two patients developed post operative hematoma and one of them developed SSI. The mean time of ultrasound guided TIDs was (30.04 ± 1.1) minutes which was significantly lower than the mean time of cases done by theopen cut down technique (45.4 ± 3.1) minutes (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Ultrasound guidance is helpful for insertion of TIDs and ETCs in the IJV in pediatric oncologic patients. It minimizes the need for open cut downs and fluoroscopy.

  16. Comparison of microbial adherence to antiseptic and antibiotic central venous catheters using a novel agar subcutaneous infection model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaonkar, Trupti A; Modak, Shanta M

    2003-09-01

    An agar subcutaneous infection model (agar model), which simulates the rat subcutaneous infection model (rat model), was developed to assess the ability of antimicrobial catheters to resist microbial colonization. The catheters were implanted in the agar and rat models and the insertion sites were infected immediately or on day 7, 14 or 21 post-implantation. The catheters implanted in the agar model were transferred to fresh media one day before infection on day 7, 14 or 21. The efficacy of chlorhexidine and silver sulfadiazine impregnated (CS) catheters, CS catheters with higher levels of chlorhexidine (CS+ catheters), minocycline-rifampicin (MR) catheters and silver catheters against Staphylococcus aureus and rifampicin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis RIF-r2 was compared in the agar and rat models. No significant difference in the adherence or the drug release was found between the in vitro and in vivo models. In both models, CS+ and MR catheters were effective against S. aureus even when infected on day 14, whereas CS catheters were colonized when challenged on day 7. CS+ catheters were effective against S. epidermidis RIF-r2, whereas MR catheters showed adherence when infected on day 7. CS+ catheters prevented colonization of all the organisms including, Enterobacter aerogenes, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans in the agar model, whereas MR catheters were effective only against S. aureus and S. epidermidis strains. Silver catheters were ineffective against all the organisms. The agar model may be used to predict the in vivo efficacy of antimicrobial catheters against various pathogens.

  17. 中心静脉导管腹腔置入的应用观察%Application and observation of placing central venous catheter into abdominal cavity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉军; 于建昌; 徐光耀

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the feasibility and the clinical effect of placing central venous catheter into the abdominal cavity. Methods 46 patients with massive ascites were randomly divided into two groups: group A and group B, 23 cases in each group, The patients in group A were placed central venous catheter into abdominal cavity. Group B was the traditional abdominal puncture's group. Results The central venous catheter was inserted into the abdominal cavity of patients in group A, each patient's average abdominal puncture was (l.l±0.1) times, average accumulative total put liquid was (18 210+65) mL,average note medicine was (1.5±0.2) times the number, clinical symptoms improved 21 cases,the recovery was 91.3%. Group B give repeated technic of abdominal smoke fluid, each patient's average abdominal puncture was (3.3± 0.2) times, average accumulative total put liquid was (9 750±70) mL, the mean number of injcetion was (0.7±0.1) times, clinical symptoms of 16 cases improved, the recovery rate was 69.6%. There were significant differences between the two groups with puncture number, releasing ascites, injecting the drugs into abdominal cavity, improving clinical symptoms (P < 0.05). Group A was better than group B. Conclusion The techniques of placing central venous catheter into the abdominal cavity has simple operation, good effect in releasing ascites and injecting the drugs into abdominal cavity, few side effect and should be used in massive ascites.%目的 观察中心静脉导管腹腔置入的可行性及临床应用效果.方法 将大量腹水的46例患者随机分为A、B两组,每组23例,A组为中心静脉导管腹腔置入组,B组为传统的腹腔穿刺术组.结果 A组把中心静脉导管置入腹腔,每例患者平均腹腔穿刺(1.1±0.1)次,平均累计放液(18 210±65)mL,平均注药次数(1.5±0.2)次,临床症状好转21例,好转率为91.3%.B组给予反复腹腔穿刺术抽液,每例患者平均穿刺次数(3.3±0.2)

  18. Analysis of the Education Needs of 80 Patients with Central Venous Catheter%80例中心静脉置管患者健康教育需求调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王靖; 李小勤; 翟荣君; 黄冰

    2014-01-01

    Objective To understand the feelings and needs of the patients using central venous catheter , to provide patients with better care.Methods Doing self-designed questionnaire on 80 cases of patients with central venous catheters and conducting a question-naire survey analysis.Results Patients with central venous catheter tube had needs of routine maintenance and other aspects of health ed -ucation, but some nurses′health education work was not enough.Puncture site infection indwelling central venous catheter complications is the patients′major concern , and the central venous catheter costs affected the patients.Conclusion Keeping in touch with the patients′needs and feelings , and strengthening health education and guidance , can reduce central venous catheter complications and improve the quality of central venous catheter use.%目的:了解患者使用中心静脉置管过程中的感受与需求,为患者提供更好的护理服务。方法采用自行设计的调查表,对80例使用中心静脉置管患者进行问卷调查分析。结果中心静脉置管患者存在置管的日常维护等方面的健康教育需求,部分护士的健康教育工作仍不到位。穿刺处感染等中心静脉置管留置期间的并发症是患者担心的主要问题,中心静脉置管的使用费用对患者有影响。结论及时了解患者的需求与感受,加强健康教育与指导,可减少中心静脉置管并发症,提高中心静脉置管使用质量。

  19. Extra Luminal Entrapment of Guide Wire; A Rare Complication of Central Venous Catheter Placement in Right Internal Jugular Vein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md Abu Masud Ansari

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Central venous Catheterization (CVC is a commonly performed procedure for venous access. It is associated with several complications. We report a rare case of extra luminal entrapment of guide wire during CVC placement in right jugular vein. We report a case of 28 years old female patient presented in our emergency with history of entrapped guide wire in right side of neck during CVC. X-ray showed coiling of guide wire in neck. CT Angiography showed guide wire coursing in between common carotid artery and internal jugular vein (IJV, closely abutting the wall of both vessels. The guide wire was coiled with end coursing behind the esophageal wall. Guide wire was removed under fluoroscopic guide manipulation under local anesthesia. We want to emphasize that even though CVC placement is common and simple procedure, serious complication can occur in hands of untrained operator. The procedure should be performed under supervision, if done by trainee. Force should never be applied to advance the guide wire if resistance is encountered.

  20. Entrapment of guidewire during central venous catheterization

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    Tarun S.

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Central venous catheterization (CVC is common in the setting of ICU for various reasons like monitoring of CVP, fluid administration and vasopressor or drug infusions. Guidewires are routinely used in the Seldinger technique during central venous catheter placement CVC placement is not innocuous as numerous complications may occur, with varying frequency and severity. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(7.000: 3080-3081

  1. Efficacy of nursing interventions in prevention of central venous catheter-related infections%护理干预预防中心静脉导管相关性感染的效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘春芳; 窭英茹; 郑瑞强; 史甜

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析护理干预在预防ICU中心静脉导管相关性感染中的应用效果.方法 采用目标性监测方法,进行护理干预,包括:严格无菌技术、缩短导管留置时间、选择合适置管部位及导管、敷料的选择与更换、导管接头与输入装置的护理和防止血栓形成,对实施护理干预前后ICU中心静脉导管相关性感染的发生率进行统计分析.结果 实施护理干预措施之后,总置管天数明显增加(P<0.05),中心静脉导管相关性感染率从2008年的7.67/千导管日、2009年的5.69/千导管日,下降至2010年的2.28/千导管日(P<0.05).结论 护理干预能够有效降低ICU中心静脉导管相关性感染的发生率.%OBJECTIVE To analyze the effect of nursing interventions in prevention of central venous catheter-related infections in ICU. METHODS Different means of targeted surveillance and nursing interventions were carried out, including implementing strict aseptic techniques, shortening the time of catheter indwelling, selecting the appropriate site and catheter, choosing and replacing dressing, nursing of the catheter connector and input device, and preventing thrombopoiesis. The incidence of central venous catheter-related infections in ICU before and after implementing the nursing interventions was statistical analyzed. RESULTS The total indwelling catheter-days were significantly increased after the implementation of nursing interventions(P<0. 05). the incidence of central venous catheter-related infections decreased to 2. 28/thousand catheter-days in 2010, which was 7. 67/ thousand catheter-days in 2008 and 5. 69/thousand catheter-days in 2009 (P<0. 05). CONCLUSION Implementation of the nursing interventions significantly reduces the incidence rate of central venous catheter-related infections.

  2. Severe burn patients of central venous catheter colonization and control measures%重度烧伤患者中心静脉导管细菌定植分析及防治措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘强; 徐庆连

    2011-01-01

    Objective To severe burn patients with central venous catheter colonization factors, compare their resistance mecha nisms and explore the prevention and treatment methods. Methods First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, January 2005 - December2009's severe bum patients with the clinical data of central venous catheters, intravenous contrast the incidence of catheter coloniza tion. Results Of severe burn patients of central venous catheter colonization rate of 35.4%, higher than the reported incidence of other criti cally ill patients 26.3%; by vein puncture wound by wound infection rate is higher than the incidence of puncture; venous catheters for more than 7 days, venous catheter significantiy increased risk of infection, more than 14 days, the infection rate further increased. Conclusion Prevent deep venous catheter, catheter shortened time, the wound is not as much as possible can significantly reduce the tube due to deep ve nous catheter infection and British Gas.%目的 探讨重症烧伤患者中心静脉导管细菌定植的影响因素,并对比其耐药机制,探讨其防治方法.方法 收集安徽医科大学第一附属医院烧伤科2005年1月至2009年12月重症烧伤患者行中心静脉导管的临床资料,对比静脉导管细菌定植的发生率.结果 重症烧伤患者的中心静脉导管细菌定植发生率35.4%,高于文献报道的其他重症患者的发生率26.3%;经创面静脉穿刺感染发生率高于经创面穿刺的发生率;静脉导管留置时间超过7 d,静脉导管感染发生几率明显升高,超过14 d,则感染发生率进一步升高.结论 避免深静脉置管、缩短置管时间、尽可能不在创面置管可以明显降低因深静脉置管而引起的感染.

  3. Stuck long-term indwelling central venous catheters in adolescents: three cases and a short topical review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, A; Afshari, A; Henneberg, S W

    2010-01-01

    We present three cases of fixated vascular injection ports. Two patients had cystic fibrosis and one had an immunological defect. All catheters were made from polyurethane and implanted in adolescent patients. Indwelling time were 6-8 years. One patient's catheter was entirely integrated in the v......We present three cases of fixated vascular injection ports. Two patients had cystic fibrosis and one had an immunological defect. All catheters were made from polyurethane and implanted in adolescent patients. Indwelling time were 6-8 years. One patient's catheter was entirely integrated...

  4. 120例中心静脉置管并发症的预防及护理%1 20 cases of central venous catheter complications prevention and nursing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷秀英

    2016-01-01

    Objective:to discuss the common complications of central venous catheter,prevention and nursing to reduce complications. Methods:1 20 rou-tine summary undergraduate center venipuncture patients the prevention of complications and nursing. Results:1 20 patients,1 case because of operation fails, pneumothorax occurred;2 cases happened catheter displacement;5 cases had local infection;Catheter (5 )light blocking. Conclusions:during central venous catheter care,early intervention of central venous catheter complications,can reduce complications and improve the use of central venous catheter time and utiliza-tion.%目的:探讨中心静脉置管常见并发症的预防及护理,降低并发症的发生。方法:总结本科120例行中心静脉置管病人并发症的预防及护理。结果:120例患者,1例因操作失败,发生气胸;2例发生导管移位;5例发生局部感染;5例出现导管轻度阻塞。结论:做好中心静脉置管期间的护理,对中心静脉置管并发症及早进行干预,可减少并发症发生,提高中心静脉置管的使用时间和利用率。

  5. Effects of starting hemodialysis with an arteriovenous fistula or central venous catheter compared with peritoneal dialysis: a retrospective cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coentrão Luis

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although several studies have demonstrated early survival advantages with peritoneal dialysis (PD over hemodialysis (HD, the reason for the excess mortality observed among incident HD patients remains to be established, to our knowledge. This study explores the relationship between mortality and dialysis modality, focusing on the role of HD vascular access type at the time of dialysis initiation. Methods A retrospective cohort study was performed among local adult chronic kidney disease patients who consecutively initiated PD and HD with a tunneled cuffed venous catheter (HD-TCC or a functional arteriovenous fistula (HD-AVF in our institution in the year 2008. A total of 152 patients were included in the final analysis (HD-AVF, n = 59; HD-TCC, n = 51; PD, n = 42. All cause and dialysis access-related morbidity/mortality were evaluated at one year. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to compare the survival of PD patients with those who initiated HD with an AVF or with a TCC. Results Compared with PD patients, both HD-AVF and HD-TCC patients were more likely to be older (pp = 0.017 and cardiovascular disease (p = 0.020. Overall, HD-TCC patients were more likely to have clinical visits (p = 0.069, emergency room visits (ppvs. 0.93 vs. 0.64, per patient-year; pvs. 0.07 vs. 0.14, per patient-year; p = 0.034 than HD-AVF and PD patients, respectively. The survival rates at one year were 96.6%, 74.5% and 97.6% for HD-AVF, HD-TCC and PD groups, respectively (pp = 0.024. Conclusion Our results suggest that HD vascular access type at the time of renal replacement therapy initiation is an important modifier of the relationship between dialysis modality and survival among incident dialysis patients.

  6. Stuck long-term indwelling central venous catheters in adolescents: three cases and a short topical review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Anette; Afshari, A; Henneberg, S W;

    2010-01-01

    We present three cases of fixated vascular injection ports. Two patients had cystic fibrosis and one had an immunological defect. All catheters were made from polyurethane and implanted in adolescent patients. Indwelling time were 6-8 years. One patient's catheter was entirely integrated in the v...

  7. Application of central venous catheter in continuing drainage of cerebrospinal fluid from Lumbar cerebellomedllary cistern%中心静脉导管在持续腰大池脑脊液引流术中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡建锋; 许小兵; 苏杭; 骆实

    2009-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of central venous catheter in continuing drainage of cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) from lumbar cerehellomedullary cistern.Methods 86 cases with subarachnoid hemorrhage(SAH) were randomly divided into two groups,43 cases in each group.Epidural catheter and central venous catheter were used in two groups respectively,complications during and after operative were recorded.Results Ievement ratio of placing catheter in both groups was high,nerve irritation of lower limbs and perineal region appeared during placing tuheo there was no difference in between the two groups (P>0.05).Compared with epidural catheter group,adverse,effect such as inadequate drainage,catheter defluvium,infection and leakage of CSF in central venous catheter group decreased markedly (P<0.05 or P<0.01).Conclusions Entral venous catheter can drain CSF smoothly,control flow rate of CSF easily.Central venous catheter can .satisfy continue drainage,of CSF in lumbar cerehellomedullary cistern.%目的 观察中心静脉导管在持续腰大池脑脊液引流术中的应用效果.方法 将86例蛛网膜下腔出血病人被随机分为2组,分别采用硬膜外导管及中心静脉导管进行持续腰大池引流,比较置管术中和术后并发症的发生情况.结果 两种导管一次性置管成功率均较高,但在置管过程中均易出现下肢及会阴部异感不适等神经刺激症状,组间比较无显著性差异(P>0.05);与硬膜外导管组相比,中心静脉导管组出现引流不畅、导管脱落、感染及脑脊液漏等不良反应明显降低(P<0.05或P<0.01).结论 中心静脉管能保证引流通畅,容易控制流速和流量,适合持续腰大池引流术的需要.

  8. Analysis the related infections central venous catheter in emergency observation ward and its nursing experience%急诊观察病房中心静脉导管相关性感染分析及护理体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈英; 翟飞飞; 陆萍

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To understand the emergency ward , observe with central venous catheter related infections and related experience in nursing. Methods : A retrospective survey of 448 patients were analyzed , cultivating catheter with indwelling catheter related infections , lien venous catheter time , type , etiology . Results :448 cases , positive catheter in 36 cases , isolated strains of pathogenic 39 , gram - positive ( 18 ) . Gram - negative 16 cases , plants ,5 strains.26 cases occurred catheter local engraftment , puncture infection7 cases , bacteremia 3 cases. Conclusion : The emergency ward , observe patients with central venous catheter infections catheter related to colonize bacteria. The correct choice catheter lien vein and catheter type. Strengthen catheter operation and nursing, as shorten time. The indwelling catheter strengthen nutrition, enhance immunity can reduce catheter infections.%目的:分析急诊观察病房病人中心静脉导管相关感染因素及护理体会.方法:回顾性调查448例中心静脉置管病人导管相关性感染与导管留置静脉、导管留置时间、导管类型、病原学的关系.结果:448例病人中,导管培养阳性36例,分离出病原菌39株,其中革兰氏阳性菌18株,革兰氏阴性菌16株,真菌5株;发生导管局部定植26例,穿刺部位感染7例,菌血症3例.结论:急诊观察病房病人中心静脉导管感染与导管细菌定植等因素有关.正确选择导管留置静脉和导管类型;加强置管操作与护理;尽可能缩短导管留置时间;加强病人营养,提高免疫力,可降低导管感染率.

  9. Risk factors for central venous catheter-related infections in NICU%NICU患者中心静脉导管相关性感染的危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王法欣

    2013-01-01

    目的 控制神经重症监护病房(NICU)患者中心静脉导管相关性感染的危险因素.方法 收集自2007-2011年入住NICU并进行中心静脉导管置管的患者资料,按照是否发生中心静脉导管感染进行分组,使用logistic回归分析方法明确NICU患者发生中心静脉导管相关性感染的危险因素.结果 自2007-2011年NICU进行中心静脉置管778例次,发生中心静脉导管感染175例次,发生率为22.4%,发生中心静脉导管相关性感染的平均时间9.1d;送检导管中病原菌检出阳性率为40.2%,导管血送检病原菌检出率为42.5%;logistic回归分析结果显示,糖尿病史及置入三腔导管进入最终的回归模型,OR值分别为3.777、9.094和7.342.结论 NICU患者中心静脉导管相关性感染的发病率高,中重度昏迷、糖尿病史及置入三腔导管是发生中心导管相关性感染的危险因素,建议临床对该类患者进行重点防护.%OBJECTIVE To identify the risk factors of central venous catheter-related infections in neurosurgery intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS We recruited the patients with central venous catheter-related infections in NICU from 2007 to 2011. The patients were divided according to the status of the infections, the logistic regression analysis method was employed to define the risk factors for the central venous catheter-related infections. RESULTS Of 778 case-time of patients who underwent central venous catheterization during 2007 - 2011, the centralvenous catheter-related infections occurred in 175 case-times of patients with the incidence rate of 22. 4% , the median time to onset of central venous catheters related infections was 9. 1 days. The positive rate of the pathogens isolated from submitted catheters was 40. 2%, 42. 5% of the submitted catheter blood. Logistic regression analysis showed that three factors including the history of diabetes mellitus and use of three-cavity catheter entered the final regression

  10. Inadvertent Entrapment of a Central Venous Catheter by a Purse-String Suture during Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdorasoul Anvaripour

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A 65-year-old female patient with severe mitral valve stenosis plus coronary artery disease was scheduled for mitral valve replacement and 2-vessel coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgeries simultaneously. After a successful procedure, resistance was met on a CVC withdrawal. During postoperative fluoroscopy, fixation of the catheter at the heart was confirmed which necessitated reopening the chest, cutting the suture, and removing the catheter. When a catheter became hard to withdraw after open heart surgery, we should never withdraw it forcefully and blindly. Although rare, one should consider inadvertent entrapment of CVC by a suture as the possible cause.

  11. 血液透析中心静脉导管常见并发症及预防护理%Hemodialysis Central Venous Catheter Complications and Nursing Prevention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秋雨

    2016-01-01

    Objective Summary of hemodialysis central venous catheter complications and preventive nursing measures. Methods 51 cases got clinical data of central venous catheter in hemodialysis patients were analyzed retrospectively. Results Around the puncture bleeding and hematoma,thrombosis, catheter infection,shedding were the common complication of dialysis catheter. Conclusion Nursing of hemodialysis catheter strictly according to the procedures,complications and risk factors as soon as possible,timely preventive care,can effectively reduce the incidence of complications of dialysis catheter.%目的:总结血液透析中心静脉导管常见并发症,提出预防护理措施。方法对51例留有中心静脉导管透析患者临床资料进行回顾性分析。结果穿刺周围出血及血肿、血栓形成、导管感染、导管脱落为透析导管常见并发症。结论严格按照操作规程对透析导管进行护理,尽早发现并发症及其危险因素,及时给予预防性护理,可有效降低透析导管并发症的发生率。

  12. The application of Shuxuening injection in preventing central venous catheter obstruction%舒血宁注射液在预防中心静脉导管堵塞中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾洁仪; 汪敏; 钟淑芬

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of Shuxuening injection on prevention of plugging of central venous catheter. Methods The patients were from Intensive Care Unit through July 2013 and June 2015 and a total of 134 cases of indwelling central venous catheter were included for a prospective study. Of them, 65 cases were treated with Shuxuening injection 20 ml daily through intravenous infusion for two weeks (observation group), 69 cases (control group) received routine care. The incidence of central venous plugging was compared between the two groups. Results The incidence of central venous catheter plugging in the observation group was significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Shuxuening injection minimized central venous catheter plugging.%目的:观察舒血宁注射液对预防中心静脉留置导管堵管的应用效果。方法病例选自我科2013年7月~2015年6月留置中心静脉导管患者134例,随机分成2组,对照组给予常规护理,观察组在给予常规护理的基础上加用舒血宁注射液每天20 mL 静脉滴注,疗程为2周,比较2组中心静脉堵管发生率。结果观察组中心静脉留置导管堵管发生率低于对照组,2组具有显著性差异(P<0.05)。结论静脉滴注舒血宁注射液可降低中心静脉导管堵管发生率。

  13. 留置中心静脉导管治疗恶性胸腔积液的护理分析%Analysis of Nursing Care of Indwelling Central Venous Catheter in the Treatment of Malignant Pleural Effusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春燕

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析留置中心静脉导管治疗恶性胸腔积液的护理措施。方法选取我院收治的50例患者给予留置中心静脉导管治疗,分析治疗效果和护理要点。结果1例导管脱落,化疗过程中死亡2例,气胸1例,未见其他出血等不良反应,优良率为92%。结论科学合理的护理干预措施可显著提高留置中心静脉导管治疗恶性胸腔积液的临床效果。%Objective To analyze the nursing measures of indweling central venous catheter in the treatment of malignant pleural effusion.Methods 50 cases of our hospital were selected to give an indweling central venous catheter treatment, analysis of therapeutic effect and nursing points.Results 1 cases of catheter, 2 cases died during chemotherapy, 1 cases of pneumothorax, no other bleeding and other adverse reactions, the excelent and good rate was 92%.Conclusion Nursing intervention measures of scientific and reasonable can significantly improve the clinical effect of central venous catheter in the treatment of malignant pleural effusion.

  14. Clinical nursing study of coronary heart disease coronary care unit central venous catheter%冠心病重症监护病房中心静脉置管的临床护理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓霞; 杨晓芳

    2016-01-01

    目的:分析冠心病重症监护病房(CCU)中心静脉置管护理效果。方法:收治CCU中心静脉置管患者48例,加强中心静脉置管护理,分析护理满意度与并发症。结果:非常满意35例,基本满意10例,不满意3例,满意度93.75%。导管堵塞1例,穿刺部位红肿1例,并发症发生率4.17%。结论:对CCU中心静脉置管加强护理,可提升护理满意度,减少并发症。%Objective:To analyze the nursing effect of coronary heart disease coronary care unit(CCU) central venous catheter. Methods:48 patients with coronary heart disease CCU central venous catheter were selected.They were given strengthening central venous catheter nursing,and the nursing satisfaction and complications were analyzed.Results:35 cases were very satisfaction;10 cases were basic satisfaction;3 cases were not satisfied;the satisfaction degree was 93.75%.1 case was catheter blockage;1 case was puncture site swelling;the incidence of complications was 4.17%.Conclusion:Strengthening nursing in CCU central venous catheter can improve nursing satisfaction and reduce complications.

  15. Observation and Nursing Care Central Venous Catheter in the Clinical Application%中心静脉置管在临床应用中的观察与护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石英

    2014-01-01

    目的:总结中心静脉置管的临床护理方法。方法中心静脉置管前加强与患者的沟通,争取患者的理解和配合;中心静脉置管中注意并发症的观察和处理;中心静脉置管后加强导管的护理,预防穿刺点和导管感染,预防导管内血栓形成和栓塞。结果254例中心静脉置管保留时间20~180d,平均69d;无1例出现穿刺处感染和导管内感染,拔除留置针做细菌培养,无1例细菌培养阳性;无1例导管脱出;无1例导管拔除。结论加强中心静脉置管术前、术中和术后护理,对并发症的预防具有重要意义。%Objective to summarize the clinical nursing methods of the central venous catheter. Methods to strengthen the communication with patients of the center venipuncture,strive for the patients understanding and cooperation;Central venous catheter in pay at ention to the observation of complications and treatment. Results 254 cases of central venous catheter retention time of 20~180d,an average of 69d; No 1 case of catheter removal. Conclusion to strengthen the central venous catheter preoperative,intraoperative and postoperative nursing, is of great significance to the prevention of complications.

  16. Discussion on Quality Control Circle Activities in Reducing the Accidental Extubation of Central Venous Indwelling Catheter%品管圈活动在降低中心静脉置管意外拔管中的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁青; 杨柠

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨品管圈活动在降低中心静脉置管非计划拔管中应用的效果及分析。方法:成立品管圈小组,运用PDCA的品管手法及各种品管工具,对ICU危重患者中心静脉置管的非计划拔管进行现状调查,通过头脑风暴,对中心静脉置管的非计划拔管进行要因分析,设定目标,制定相应的对策,采取有效的措施进行持续质量改进。结果:通过品管圈活动,中心静脉置管的非计划性拔管率从6.13%降至2.46%。结论:品管圈活动对降低ICU危重患者的中心静脉置管在可留置时间内非计划性拔管效果显著,降低了中心静脉置管的意外管率,规范了操作流程,确保了患者安全,提高了护理质量。%Objective:To investigation the application effect and analysis of the quality control circle activities in reducing the unplanned extubation of central venous indwelling catheter.Method:The quality control circle group was set up,and the situation of unplanned extubation of central venous indwelling catheter in ICU serious illness patients were investigated by the PDCA quality management methods and tools of quality.Through brainstorming,the factors of the unplanned extubation in central venous indwelling catheter were analyzed,set goals,formulated corresponding countermeasure,taken effective measures for continuous quality improvement.Result:Through quality management circle activities,the rate of the unplanned extubation of central venous indwelling catheter from 6.13% to 2.46%.Conclusion:The quality control circle activities in reducing the unplanned extubation effect in dwelling time of ICU serious illness patients in central venous indwelling catheter is remarkable,reduce the accident incidence of central venous indwelling catheter,standardize the operation process,ensure patient safety and improve the nursing quality.

  17. Investigation of central venous catheter-related in ICU and non-ICU patients%ICU与非ICU患者中心静脉导管感染调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏立娜; 陈兵; 张清照; 杨莉莉; 王冬芮

    2016-01-01

    目的:比较IC U与非IC U住院患者中心静脉导管感染的状况,提出预防对策,以降低患者中心静脉导管感染率。方法选择2010年1月-2015年6月在医院IC U和非IC U行中心静脉导管的患者各200例,对疑有中心静脉导管感染的患者进行血液及中心静脉导管尖端培养,比较IC U和非IC U患者的中心静脉导管感染率、置管部位、置管类型及病原菌分布。结果 IC U和非IC U患者血液、中心静脉导管培养阳性率及导管细菌定植率比较差异均无统计学意义;普通导管和血液透析导管的感染率较高,分别为12.66%和6.67%,抗感染导管感染率为11.11%明显较低;颈内静脉置管患者中心静脉导管感染率较高为38.46%;IC U与非IC U患者病原菌检出分布差异无统计学意义;IC U与非IC U患者留置中心静脉导管1~7 d的感染率<9.00%,8~14 d感染率为22.00%,≥15 d感染率为35.00%,IC U 与非 IC U 患者的置管时间比较差异无统计学意义。结论 IC U 与非IC U患者的中心静脉导管感染发病情况基本相同:抗感染导管的感染率较低,颈内静脉置管的感染率较高,病原菌以革兰阳性菌为主。%OBJECTIVE To compare the prevalence of central venous catheter-related infections in the hospitalized ICU and non-ICU patients and put forward the prevention countermeasures so as to reduce the incidence of central venous catheter-related infections .METHODS A total of 200 ICU patients and 200 non-ICU patients who under-went the central venous catheterization from Jan 2010 to Jun 2015 were enrolled in the study .The blood specimens and tips of central venous catheters were cultured for the patients with suspected central venous catheter-related infections;the incidence of central venous catheter-related infections ,sites of intubation ,types of catheters ,and distribution of pathogens were observed and compared between the ICU

  18. 不同敷料在中心静脉置管中的应用观察%Different dressings applied in central venous catheter: a clinical observation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆勤美; 吉冬丽

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To discuss the effects of two different dressings on local puncture site of central venous catheter. METHODS A total of 70 patients with subclavian vein of patients with 3M company of sterile transparent dressing were set as a control group. During-the same period, totally 70 patients with subclavian vein of patients with IV3000 dressing were set as the experimental group. Puncture points were compared local skin irritation and infection. RESULTS The local skin irritation and the puncture site infection rate in experimental group was significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION IV3000 dressing can reduce the local skin irritation of central venous puncture site and local infection rate.%目的 探讨两种不同敷料对中心静脉置管穿刺点局部的影响. 方法 对70例锁骨下静脉穿刺患者用3M公司生产的无菌透明敷料换药,列为对照组;同期对70例锁骨下静脉穿刺患者用IV3000敷料换药,列为试验组;比较两组穿刺点局部皮肤过敏及感染率. 结果 试验组穿刺点局部皮肤过敏及感染率显著低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05). 结论 使用IV3000敷料换药可降低中心静脉穿刺点局部皮肤过敏及局部感染率.

  19. Taurolidine is effective in the treatment of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections in cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koldehoff, M; Zakrzewski, J L

    2004-11-01

    Taurolidine is an antimicrobial agent that was originally used in the local treatment of peritonitis and was shown to be effective in the prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CR-BSI). In this pilot study, we used taurolidine solution as an intravenous (i.v.) lock into the totally implantable intravascular devices of 11 consecutive oncological patients with catheter-related bloodstream infections not responding to systemic antimicrobial chemotherapy. All patients recovered completely from the infection. No adverse drug effects were seen. Three patients were successfully retreated for a recurrent infection. Our data suggest a beneficial role of taurolidine i.v. lock for the therapy of catheter-related bloodstream infections in oncological patients. Taurolidine i.v. lock application is feasible and could especially be useful in infections resistant to antibiotic chemotherapy.

  20. Prediction of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in patients with haematologic malignancies using a modified Infection Probability Score (mIPS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schalk, Enrico; Hanus, Lynn; Färber, Jacqueline; Fischer, Thomas; Heidel, Florian H

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this study was to predict the probability of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in patients with haematologic malignancies using a modified version of the Infection Probability Score (mIPS). In order to perform a prospective, mono-centric surveillance of complications in clinical routine due to short-term central venous catheters (CVCs) in consecutive patients receiving chemotherapy from March 2013 to September 2014, IPS was calculated at CVC insertion and removal (mIPSin and mIPSex, respectively). We used the 2012 Infectious Diseases Working Party of the German Society of Haematology and Medical Oncology (AGIHO/DGHO) criteria to define CRBSI. In total, 143 patients (mean 59.5 years, 61.4 % male) with 267 triple-lumen CVCs (4044 CVC days; mean 15.1 days, range 1-60 days) were analysed. CVCs were inserted for therapy of acute leukaemia (53.2 %), multiple myeloma (24.3 %) or lymphoma (11.2 %), and 93.6 % were inserted in the jugular vein. A total of 66 CRBSI cases (24.7 %) were documented (12 definite/13 probable/41 possible). The incidence was 16.3/1000 CVC days (2.9/3.1/10.1 per 1000 CVC days for definite/probable/possible CRBSI, respectively). In CRBSI cases, the mIPSex was higher as compared to cases without CRBSI (13.1 vs. 7.1; p < 0.001). The best mIPSex cutoff for CRBSI prediction was 8 points (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.77; sensitivity = 84.9 %, specificity = 60.7 %, negative predictive value = 92.4 %). For patients with an mIPSex ≥8, the risk for a CRBSI was high (odds ratio [OR] = 5.9; p < 0.001) and even increased if, additionally, CVC had been in use for about 10 days (OR = 9.8; p < 0.001). In case other causes of infection are excluded, a mIPSex ≥8 and duration of CVC use of about 10 days predict a very high risk of CRBSI. Patients with a mIPSex <8 have a low risk of CRBSI of 8 %.

  1. Central venous catheter-related bacteremia caused by Kocuria kristinae: Case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Michael Z

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Kocuria species are unusual human pathogens isolated most commonly from immunocompromised hosts, such as transplant recipients and cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, or from patients with chronic medical conditions. A case of catheter-related bacteremia with pulmonary septic emboli in a pregnant adult female without chronic medical conditions is described. A review of other reported Kocuria infections is provided.

  2. Application effect of measuring central venous pressure with different catheter in LBWIs%不同置管方式测量中心静脉压在低出生体重儿中的应用效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝祥梅; 蔡盈; 刘淑娟; 魏雪; 许燕

    2016-01-01

    Objective To discuss the effect of measuring central venous with peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in low birth weight infants (LBWIs).Methods Totally 100 LBWIs admitted in the intensive care unit ( ICU) of a tertiary hospital from January to Octomber 2015 were selected and were randomly divided into the PICC group and the central venous catheterization ( CVC) group, with 50 cases in each group. Patients in the PICC group received the main intravenous catheter, while patients in the CVC group received subclavian intravenous catheter. Data were collected for statistical analysis. The difference of central venous pressure and the incidence rate of complications in patients with different measure methods were compared between two groups.Results The central venous pressure of LBWIs in the PICC group was (8.26±2.18) cmH2O, and in the CVC group was (7.85±2.36) cmH2O (t=0.421,P>0.05); the incidence rates of catheter obstruction, phlebitis and puncture point bleeding of the PICC group were lower than that of the CVC group (χ2=5.01,6.93, 4.00;P0.05);PICC组导管堵管、静脉炎及穿刺点渗血发生率均低于CVC组,差异有统计学意义(χ2值分别为5.01,6.93,4.00;P<0.05);结论低出生体重患儿经PICC导管测量中心静脉压不会影响测量结果,可以减少极低出生体重患儿中心静脉置管并发症的发生,可以推广应用。

  3. The impact of an “acute dialysis start” on the mortality attributed to the use of central venous catheters: a retrospective cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tennankore Karthik K

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Central venous catheters (CVCs are associated with early mortality in dialysis patients. However, some patients progress to end stage renal disease after an acute illness, prior to reaching an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR at which one would expect to establish alternative access (fistula/peritoneal dialysis catheter. The purpose of this study was to determine if exclusion of this “acute start” patient group alters the association between CVCs and mortality. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 406 incident dialysis patients from 1 Jan 2006 to 31 Dec 2009. Patients were classified as acute starts if 1 the eGFR was >25 ml/min/1.73 m2, ≤3 months prior to dialysis initiation and declined after an acute event (n = 45, or 2 in those without prior eGFR measurements, there was no supporting evidence of chronic kidney disease on history or imaging (n = 12. Remaining patients were classified as chronic start (n = 349. Results 98 % and 52 % of acute and chronic starts initiated dialysis with a CVC. There were 148 deaths. The adjusted mortality hazard ratio (HR for acute vs. chronic start patients was 1.84, (95 % CI [1.19-2.85]. The adjusted mortality HR for patients dialyzing with a CVC compared to alternative access was 1.19 (95 % CI [0.80-1.77]. After excluding acute start patients, the adjusted HR fell to 1.03 (95 % CI [0.67-1.57]. Conclusions A significant proportion of early dialysis mortality occurs after an acute start. Exclusion of this population attenuates the mortality risk associated with CVCs.

  4. 大面积烧伤患者预防中心静脉置管感染的护理体会%Nursing Experience of Central Venous Catheter Infection Prevention of Severe Burn Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗红

    2013-01-01

    目的:总结大面积烧伤患者预防中心静脉置管感染的护理体会。方法对138例大面积烧伤患者中心静脉置管的预防感染护理进行总结、分析。结果82例置管患者其中4例发生脓毒血症,2例置管尖端培养细菌阳性,经抗感染治疗均痊愈出院。结论中心静脉置管护理是预防大面积烧伤患者导管相关性感染的重要环节。%Objective: To summarize the experience in nursing of patients with burn prevention of central venous catheter infection in large area. Method: 138 cases of large area burn patients center vein catheter infection prevention nursing summary, analysis. Results: 82 cases of patients with sepsis occurred in 4 cases, 2 cases of catheter tip culture positive for the bacteria, the anti infection treatment were cured. Conclusion: the central venous catheter care is an important part of catheter-related infection in burn patients with large area prevention.

  5. 中心静脉导管相关性血流感染危险因素分析%Risk factors of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨大运; 齐战; 高少伟

    2013-01-01

    目的 研究分析中心静脉导管相关性血流感染(CLABSI)的临床特征,为预防与控制CLABSI提供临床依据.方法 采用回顾性调查方法对2009-2011年CLABSI资料汇总进行统计分析.结果 600例住院患者发生CLABSI53例,发病率为7.1‰;在分离出的53株病原菌中以革兰阳性球菌为主,共27株占50.94%,真菌14株占26.42%,革兰阴性杆菌12株占22.64%;CLABSI发病率与插管时间、插管部位、导管腔数、全胃肠外营养(TPN)有关,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),CLABSI发病率与最大无菌屏障及灌注抗菌药物无关(P>0.05).结论 插管时间、插管部位、导管腔数、全胃肠外营养是CLABSI的主要因素,应针对上述因素制定相应的干预措施,以降低CLABSI的发生.%OBJECTIVE To investigate and analyze the clinic features of central venous catheter-related infections so as to provide basis for the prevention and control of catheter-related bloodstream infections.METHODS By means of the retrospective survey,the data of the patients with central venous catheter-related infections who were hospitalized during 2009-2011 were statistically analyzed.RESULTS Of totally 600 cases of hospitalized patients,the central venous catheter-related infections occurred in 53 cases with the incidence rate of 7.1%.There were totally 53 strains of pathogens isolated,including 27 (50.94%) strains of gram-positive bacteria,14 (26.42%) strains of fungi,and 12 (22.64%) strains of gram-negative bacilli.The incidence of central venous catheterrelated infections was related to the catheterization duration,intubation site,number of catheter lumen,and total parenteral nutrition (TPN),and the difference was significant (P<0.05);the incidence of central venous catheter-related infections was not related to the maximum sterile barrier or the perfusion of antibiotics (P>0.05).CONCLUSION The catheterization duration,intubation site,number of catheter lumen,and TPN are the main

  6. The Relationship Between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors and Central Venous Catheter Infections in the Acutely Ill Patient

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    drawn by conventional venipunture..." Weightman, Simpson , Speller, Mott and Oakhill (1988) found that the concentration of pathogens in the blood drawn...cuidado medical. 87 AUTOR IZACION ANTES DE DAR MI CONSENTIMIENTO, FIRMANDO ESTA FORMA, LOS METODOS , INCONVENCIAS, RIESGOS Y BENEFICIOS, SE ME HAN...1985). The multi-lumen subclavian catheter - a new answer to an old problem. NITA, 8(2), 151-156. Weightman, N. C., Simpson , E. M., Speller, D. C. E

  7. 外周中心静脉导管与中心静脉导管在肠外营养应用中的比较%Comparison on application of peripherally inserted central venous catheter and central venous catheter for patients undergoing parenteral nutrition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴惠红; 朱明丽; 范永琴

    2007-01-01

    @@ 肠外营养(parenteral nutrition,PN)是危重症病人重要的营养支持手段之一,由于肠外营养往往输液量大、液体渗透压高、对外周静脉刺激大,所以需要经中心静脉导管(central venous catheters,CVC)输注.常规的中心静脉导管一般有颈内静脉、锁骨下静脉和股静脉导管,但在穿刺置管和输液过程中都有可能发生不同程度的并发症.

  8. Central venous line - infants

    Science.gov (United States)

    A central venous line (CVL) is a long, soft, plastic tube that is put into a large vein in the chest. WHY IS A CVL USED? A CVL is often put in when a baby cannot get a ... (MCC). A CVL can be used to give nutrients or medicines to a ...

  9. Fibrin sheaths in central venous port catheters: treatment with low-dose, single injection of urokinase on an outpatient basis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, De-Hua; Mammadov, Kamal; Hickethier, Tilman; Borggrefe, Jan; Hellmich, Martin; Maintz, David; Kabbasch, Christoph

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Evaluation of the efficacy of single-shot, low-dose urokinase administration for the treatment of port catheter-associated fibrin sheaths. Methods Forty-six patients were retrospectively evaluated for 54 episodes of port catheter dysfunction. The presence of a fibrin sheath was detected by angiographic contrast examinations. On an outpatient basis, patients subsequently received thrombolysis consisting of a single injection of urokinase (15.000 IU in 1.5 mL normal saline) through the port system. A second attempt was made in cases of treatment failure. Patients were followed up for technical success, complications and long-term outcome. Results Port dysfunction occurred at a median of 117 days after implantation (range: 7–825 days). The technical success after first port dysfunction by thrombolysis was 87% (40/46); thereof, initial thrombolysis was effective in 78% (36/46). Nine patients (20%) received a second dose of urokinase after previous treatment failure. Follow-up was available for 26 of 40 patients after successful thrombolysis. In 8 of these, rethrombosis occurred after a median of 98 days (range: 21–354 days), whereby rethrombolysis was effective in 5 of 7 (63%) patients. The overall success of all thrombolyses performed was 70% (45/64). No procedure-related technical or clinical complications occurred. After first favorable thrombolysis, a Kaplan–Meier analysis yielded a 30-, 90- and 180-day probability of patency of 96%, 87% and 81%. Conclusion Thrombolytic therapy on an outpatient basis appears to be a safe and efficient. Three-month patency rates are comparable to more invasive treatment options, including catheter exchange over a guide wire and percutaneous fibrin sheath stripping. PMID:28182117

  10. 中心静脉导管置管引流治疗老年胸腔积液的体会%Central Venous Catheter Drainage in Treatment of Senile Pleural Effusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭慧群; 林伟革; 刘龙英

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察中心静脉导管置管引流治疗老年胸腔积液的临床疗效和安全性。方法通过经皮穿刺,将单腔中心静脉导管置入胸膜腔持续引流胸腔积液,可缓解症状,以帮助诊断、注入药物。结果80例胸腔积液患者79例穿刺置管成功,1例因胸壁组织过度肥厚穿刺成功,但置管困难放弃,置管成功率达98.75%。结论中心静脉导管留置胸腔治疗老年胸腔积液是一种简便、有效、安全、创伤小,痛苦少、老年患者容易接受的治疗方法。%Objective To observe the central venous catheter drainage in clinical efifcacy and safety in treatment of elderly patients with pleural effusion. Method Through percutaneous puncture, the single lumen central venous catheter drainage of pleural cavity pleural effusion, can alleviate symptoms, diagnosis, drug injection to help.Results 80 cases of 79 cases of patients with pleural effusion puncture catheter, 1 cases of chest wall hypertrophy due to excessive puncture success, but dififcult to abandon catheter, the success rate of catheterization was 98.75%.Conclusion The central venous catheter drainage in the treatment of senile pleural effusion is a simple, effective, safe, less trauma, treatment less pain, easily accepted by the patients in the elderly.

  11. The study of the risk factors associated with central venous catheter related infection%ICU中心静脉导管相关性感染危险因素的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单荣芳; 孙华; 李峰

    2011-01-01

    目的 通过对ICU中心静脉置管患者感染的观察与分析,找出导管相关感染的危险因素.方法 选择2009年9月至2010年3月,在ICU行中心静脉置管的患者,观察并记录其年龄、性别、置管部位、导管放置时间、穿刺点周围皮肤情况、导管性质、管腔数量、有无静脉营养等内容.护士根据患者的实际情况结合动态护理记录单实施有针对性的导管护理并及早反馈相关信息.结果 患者年龄(58.1±18.9)岁,置管天数(8.76±6.89)d.行中心静脉置管的患者105例,其中77例次锁骨下静脉置管,23例次颈内静脉置管,6例次颈内静脉置入漂浮导管.中心静脉导管感染4例,置管时间分别为3、14、18、21 d,感染率为3.8%,每1000个导管日感染率3.95.结论 ICU患者病情危重,严格掌握中心静脉置管适应症;使用中心静脉导管动态护理记录单进行导管常规评价,对症护理,缩短留置时间;严格的无菌技术是控制导管感染的关键措施.%Objective To determine the risk factors of central venous catheter(CVC) - related infection in ICU(intensive care unit). Methods From September 2009 to May 2010, in the ICU, the patients with central venous catheter, were observed and recorded the parament (e. g.age, gender, catheter site, duration of catheterization, the situation surrounding skin puncture,with or without venous nutrition, et al). Based on the situation of patients and the care records,nurses managed the catheters individually and conveyed useful information to the doctors. Results The age of the patients was 58.1 + 18.9 years old, the duration of catheterization was 8.76 + 6.89 days. A total of 105 patients underwent the central venous catheterization, including 77 cases of subclavian vein catheterization, 23 cases of internal jugular vein catheterization, 6 cases of the internal jugular vein catheterization, the infection rate was 3.8% (4 cases) in all patients, the number of the infected catheter

  12. Microbial biofilms on needleless connectors for central venous catheters: comparison of standard and silver-coated devices collected from patients in an acute care hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Elizabeth; Williams, Margaret; Jacob, Jesse T; Reyes, Mary Dent; Chernetsky Tejedor, Sheri; Steinberg, James P; Rowe, Lori; Ganakammal, Satishkumar Ranganathan; Changayil, Shankar; Weil, M Ryan; Donlan, Rodney M

    2014-03-01

    Microorganisms may colonize needleless connectors (NCs) on intravascular catheters, forming biofilms and predisposing patients to catheter-associated infection (CAI). Standard and silver-coated NCs were collected from catheterized intensive care unit patients to characterize biofilm formation using culture-dependent and culture-independent methods and to investigate the associations between NC usage and biofilm characteristics. Viable microorganisms were detected by plate counts from 46% of standard NCs and 59% of silver-coated NCs (P=0.11). There were no significant associations (P>0.05, chi-square test) between catheter type, side of catheter placement, number of catheter lumens, site of catheter placement, or NC placement duration and positive NC findings. There was an association (P=0.04, chi-square test) between infusion type and positive findings for standard NCs. Viable microorganisms exhibiting intracellular esterase activity were detected on >90% of both NC types (P=0.751), suggesting that a large percentage of organisms were not culturable using the conditions provided in this study. Amplification of the 16S rRNA gene from selected NCs provided a substantially larger number of operational taxonomic units per NC than did plate counts (26 to 43 versus 1 to 4 operational taxonomic units/NC, respectively), suggesting that culture-dependent methods may substantially underestimate microbial diversity on NCs. NC bacterial communities were clustered by patient and venous access type and may reflect the composition of the patient's local microbiome but also may contain organisms from the health care environment. NCs provide a portal of entry for a wide diversity of opportunistic pathogens to colonize the catheter lumen, forming a biofilm and increasing the potential for CAI, highlighting the importance of catheter maintenance practices to reduce microbial contamination.

  13. Bloodstream infections among patients using central venous catheters in intensive care units Infección de corriente sanguínea en pacientes con catéter venosos central en unidades de cuidado intensivo Infecções da corrente sangüínea em pacientes em uso de cateter venoso central em unidades de terapia intensiva

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Central Venous Catheters (CVC), widely used in Intensive Care Units (ICU) are important sources of bloodstream infections (BSI). This prospective cohort epidemiological analytical study, aimed to infer the incidence of BSI, the risk factors associated and evaluate the care actions related to the use of these catheters in seven ICU in the Federal District - Brasília, Brazil. From the 630 patients using CVC, 6.4% developed BSI (1.5% directly related to the catheter and 4.9% clinic BSI). The hos...

  14. Fístula broncovascular: complicação de cateter venoso central percutâneo em neonato Bronchovascular fistula: complication of percutaneous central venous catheter in a neonate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio D'Elia

    2002-01-01

    introduction of percutaneously placed central venous lines in children. Report: evaluative and diagnostic data were described after patient chart review. A premature newborn was admitted in a NICU after delivery for treatment of low-grade hyaline membrane disease and infection manifested afterwards. In the day after the introduction of the percutaneously placed central venous catheter, in order to provide parenteral nutrition, respiratory distress began with rapid progression. Mechanical ventilation was demanded to establish proper gas exchange. The complication was revealed after checking the catheter course using radiographic contrast. Comments: complications associated with central venous catheter insertion are not rare and infection is the most frequent one. It is essential that the caretakers be aware of the many less frequent ones like vascular thrombosis and catheter misplacement with organ injury and extravascular fluids collections. Only one description related to this kind of complication verified in our patient was found in newborns. This singular characteristic may have resulted in embarrassment for rapid diagnosis. Care related aspects, after catheter insertion, that could make easier the prompt recognition of these complications are emphasized.

  15. ICU患者中心静脉导管相关性感染的危险因素分析%Risk factors for central venous catheter-related infections in ICU patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟; 张宏; 苏萌萌

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨重症监护病房(ICU )患者中心静脉导管相关性感染(CRI)的病原学特征以及相关危险因素,以指导临床实践,预防医院感染的发生。方法对2012年10月-2013年3月医院IC U 206例留置中心静脉导管患者进行回顾性研究,采用χ2检验及多因素非条件 logistic回归分析,统计CRI发生率、观察其病原学特征并依此分析其相关危险因素。结果206例中心静脉导管患者中34例发生CRI ,发生率为16.50%;共检出病原菌34株,其中革兰阳性球菌占50.00%、革兰阴性杆菌占26.47%、真菌占23.53%;多因素非条件 logistic回归分析提示,年龄、使用多腔导管、长期留置导管为CRI独立危险因素,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论应加强CRI危险因素控制,更换导管类型,缩短留置导管时间,预防医院感染的发生。%OBJECTIVE To explore the etiological characteristics of central venous catheter-related infections in patients of intensive care unit (ICU ) and analyze the related risk factors so as to guide the clinical practice and prevent nosocomial infections .METHODS A total of 206 patients who underwent the central venous catheterization in the ICU from Oct 2012 to Mar 2013 were retrospectively studied , then the chi-square test and the non-conditional multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed , the incidence of central venous catheter-related infections was taken for statistics ,and the etiological characteristics were observed to analyze the related risk factors .RESULTS Of the 206 patients ,the central venous catheter-related infections occurred in 34 cases with the infection rate of 16 .50% .Totally 34 strains of pathogens have been isolated ,among which the gram-positive cocci accounted for 50 .00% , the gram-negative bacilli 26 .47% , the fungi 23 .53% . The non-conditional multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that the age ,use of

  16. Causes of central venous catheter associated infections and prevention countermeasures%中心静脉导管相关性感染原因分析及预防对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂煜

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To understand the central venous catheter related infections and to propose preventive measures. METHODS From Apr 2008 to Mar 2010, the causes of 54 patients with deep catheter related infections were analyzed, and the definite preventive measures were taken in accordance with the causes. RESULTS Among 54 patients received the central venous catheterization, the infection of catheter export was found in 5 cases,accounting for 9.3%, 3 cases of catheter-related bloodstream infection, accounting for 5.6%, both of which were recovery after the corresponding disposals. CONCLUSIONS The risk factors of catheter related infections are the inserted time of the catheter,the sites, tle catheter types, the dressing and the nursing care of medical staff. To improve the training of the medical personnel, establish the preventive barrier to a maximum and strictly execute the aseptic manifestation is better propitious to prevent the occurrence of central venous catheter associated infection.%目的 了解中心静脉导管相关性感染的原因及应采取的预防措施.方法 分析医院2008年4月-2010年3月住院的54例深静脉留置管患者发生的导管相关性感染原因,并针对原因采取一定的预防措施.结果 54例行中心静脉置管术的患者中,置管出口部位感染5例,占9.3%;导管相关血流感染3例,占5.6%;经相应处理后均好转.结论 导管相关性感染的危险因素中重要是导管留置时间、插管部位、导管类型、敷料及医务人员操作护理;加强人员教育培训、最大限度的建立防护屏障、严格执行无菌操作等有利于更好的预防中心静脉导管相关性感染的发生.

  17. Cluster of Central Venous Catheter Related Bloodstream Infections Intervention Study%集束化干预中心静脉导管相关性血流感染的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄彩云; 庞杰媚

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨集束化护理方案在预防中心静脉导管相关性血流感染(C RBS I )的效果。方法:对2012年8月-2014年1月收住IC U的466例中心静脉置管患者制定及实施集束化护理策略。选择集束化干预前2011年3月-2012年8月同科室置中心静脉导管的403例患者作为对照。结果:采取集束化干预后导管的使用率从63.6%升到71.6%,导管的感染率从8.61‰降低到1.49‰,下降了82.7%,干预前、后感染率差异有统计学意义。结论:集束化护理能减少中心静脉导管感染的机会。%Objective :Discusses cluster care solutions in central venous catheter related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) prevention effect. Methods :In August 2012 to January 2014 of 466 patients with central venous catheter admitted to the ICU nursing strategy formulation and implementation of cluster. Before choosing cluster change intervention in March 2011 to August 2012 of 403 patients as control of central venous catheter. Results:Take the cluster is changed after the intervention catheter utilization rose from 63. 6% to 71. 6% ,catheter infection rate reduced from 8. 61‰ to 1. 49‰ ,de‐creased by 82. 7% ,infection rate difference was statistically significant before and after intervention. Conclusion:Cluster of central venous catheter infection nursing can reduce the opportunity.

  18. 血液透析患者中心静脉留置导管堵塞的护理%Nursing Care of the Blockage of the Catheter in Hemodialysis Patients with Central Venous Catheter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁洁; 曹玲芳

    2014-01-01

    Long-term indwel ing central venous catheter from January March to 2014 2013 in our hospital, 44 patients with renal failure hemodialysis therapy for example, strict aseptic operation, through ef ective nursing to prolong tube service life, reduce the incidence of infection, reduce the suffering and economic burden of patients, improve the dialysis patients quality of life.%2013年1月~2014年3月来本院就诊的留置长期中心静脉导管,进行规律血液透析治疗的肾功能衰竭患者44例,严格无菌操作,通过有效的护理来延长导管的使用寿命,减少感染的发生,减轻患者的痛苦和经济负担,提高透析患者的生活质量。

  19. Ensaio clínico controlado sobre o curativo de cateter venoso central Ensayo clínico controlado sobre la cobertura de catéter venoso central Clinical controlled trial on central venous catheter dressings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edivane Pedrolo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a eficácia dos curativos de gaze e fita e filme transparente de poliuretano para cobertura de cateteres venosos centrais. MÉTODOS: Ensaio clínico controlado randomizado. RESUlTADOS: Não foi identificada uma diferença significativa com relação à infecção relacionada ao cateter (p=1 e à fixação do curativo (p=0,670. Foi identificada diferença estatisticamente significativa com relação à absorção de exsudato (pOBJETIVO: Evaluar la eficacia de las curaciones de gasa y cinta y película transparente de poliuretano para la cobertura de catéteres venosos centrales. MÉTODOS: Ensayo clínico controlado randomizado. RESULTADOS: No se identificó una diferencia significativa con relación a la infección relacionada al catéter (p=1 y a la fijación de la curación (p=0,670. Fue identificada la diferencia estadísticamente significativa con relación a la absorción del exudado (pOBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of gauze and tape as compared to transparent polyurethane film for dressing central venous catheters. METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted. RESULTS: No significant difference was identified in catheter-related infection (p = 1 or the stability of the dressing (p = 0.670. There was no statistically significant difference with respect to the absorption of exudate (p <0.001. The likelihood of local reaction in the control group (gauze and tape was different from the study group (p = 0.024. CONCLUSION: The type of dressing does not decrease the incidence of catheter-related infection, the binding capacity is similar, and the gauze dressing has the capacity to absorb exudate. However, the gauze dressing resulted in a higher probability of developing a local reaction. Record WHO: ACTRN12609000951257.

  20. 个体化涤纶套中央静脉导管置入方法的安全性及成功率分析%The safety and success rate of different Individual cuffed catheter central venous catheter insert methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李康峰; 严连喜; 周玉坤; 石平; 汤小芳; 张玉强

    2013-01-01

    Objective To observe the safety and success rate of different individual cuffed catheter central venous catheter insert methods. Methods 46 patients of cuffed central venous catheters insert were divided into group A used avulsion sheath catheter method, group B by jugular vein insert cuffed central venous catheter and group C by the way of non-avulsioninsert cuffed central venous catheters method. Intraoperative,postoperative complications were observed, Kt/V values were calculated. Dialysis blood flow, venous pressure were recorded. Results Groups B and group C comparing with the classic avulsion sheath insert,classic avulsion sheath cathete method was one-time success,and hemorrhage was than that of the other two groups. All three groups showed subcutaneous tunnel hemorrhage after the operation. There was no statistically difference in dialysis venous pressure,blood flow,and Kt/V values among group A, groups B and group C. Catheter lifetime of non-avulsioninsert method less than avulsion sheath catheter method(P<0. 05). The overall failure rate of groups B and group C operations (24. 14%) was higher than classic avulsion sheath insert method. Conclusion Classic avulsion sheath catheter method was as the preferred for cuffed catheter central venous catheter insert method, and it was a safety and a higher success rate method with fewer complications.%目的 观察不同带涤纶套中央静脉导管置入方法的安全性及手术成功率.方法 46例患者行带涤纶套中央静脉导管置入术,分为A组(经撕脱鞘方法置管)、B组(经颈外静脉入路置管)和C组(非撕脱鞘方式置管).观察3组患者手术成功率和术中、术后并发症情况,记录透析中血流量、静脉压指标,计算尿素清除指数(Kt/V),B、C两组与经典撕脱鞘方法置管相对比.结果 经典撕脱鞘置管患者均一次性成功,但术中出血量多于另外两组.术后3组均表现为皮下隧道渗血.3组患者透析中静脉压、血流量及Kt

  1. ICU 导管相关性血流感染危险因素分析%Influential factors of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections in ICU patients. Zong Zhihua

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗志华

    2013-01-01

      目的探讨 ICU 导管相关性血流感染(catheter-related blood stream infections, CRBSI)的风险因素,及其预防对策。方法回顾性分析2008年5月至2012年5月我院实 ICU 实施中心静脉置管的患者803例,其中发生 CRBSI 46例,分析发生的原因并制订相应的对策。结果46例患者发生 CRBSI 的原因与操作不当、导管的类型和材料、置管部位、时间及患者因素等有关;其中4例患者更换导管,7例拔除了导管,其余35例感染得到控制。结论患者、导管及置管因素均影响 CRBSI 的发生,通过纠正诱发因素,降低 CRBSI 发生率,有助于改善患者预后。%Objective To investigate the influential factors of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in ICU, so as to develop appropriate countermeasures. Methods The clinical date of 803 ICU patients from May 2008 to May 2012 treated with central venous catheter were retrospectively reviewed to find 46 cases of catheter-related bloodstream infections. The influential factors were analyzed and the countermeasures were worked out. Results 46 cases of CRBSI were related with improper operation, tube type and materials, catheter site, time and patients and other relevant factors. 4 cases were treated with catheter replacement. 7 cases were removed of the catheter and 35 cases were controled stably. Conclusion it’s possible way to reduce the incidence of CRBSI and help to improve the prognosis of patients, from correcting factors, including patients, catheter and catheter factors, which influence the occurrence of CRBSI.

  2. Risk factors and nursing countermeasures for central venous catheter-related infections in EICU%EICU中心静脉导管相关性感染的危险因素分析及护理对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋晓莉; 苗慧; 杨晓秋; 钱远宇; 孟庆义

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the risk factors and nursing countermeasures for central venous catheters related infections (CRI) in the emergency intensive care unit. METHODS Form-based recording methods were used to evaluate hand disinfection before the insertion of catheter, the choics, the sites, the frequency, the time, the care of puncture site, the connector of infusion and the choices of dressing and so on. RESULTS The incidence rate of CRI in 64 patients with venous catheters was 7. 8% , the risk factors mainly included venous catheter techniques, aseptic principles, the site of catheterization, using tine, and catheter maintenance. CONCLUSION In clinical practice, central venous catheter-related infection is inevitable because of a variety of factors. Form-based recording method for the nursing can remind ihe operators and maimainers of the preparation before the calhelerization, cooperation during the catheterization, and the nursing after the catheterization so as to reduce the incidence of infections.%目的 探讨急诊重症监护病房(EICU)患者深静脉置管后,中心静脉导管相关性感染的危险因素及护理对策.方法 采用表单式记录方法,记录置管前手消毒、置管时机、置管部位、置管顿次、置管时间、穿刺点护理、输液接头、敷料选择等内容.结果 通过对64例置管患者的—预,其导管相关性感染的发生率为7.8%,其危险因素主要与置管技术、无菌原则、插管部位、使用时间、导管维护等有关.结论 中心静脉导管在临床使用中由于多种因素的影响感染的发生难以避免,针对其危险因素,采用表单式的护理方法,可以提醒操作者及维护者在置管前的准备、置管中的配合及置管后的护理方法,从而降低感染的发生率.

  3. 肾内科中心静脉置管的护理研究%Nursing Research on 80 Cases of Central Venous Catheter in the Kidney of the Internal Medicine Department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玲

    2016-01-01

    目的:探析我院肾内科收治的血液净化病患者的中心静脉置管护理的策略。方法对我科80例患者采取中心静脉置管操作,作为血液净化血管的临时通路,并对留置中心静脉置管过程中可能出现的并发症提出有效的护理方案。结果中心静脉置管经过护理后没有出现置管并发症的发生。结论针对中心静脉置管的护理体会,通过"位置固定、管路通畅、避免感染"的护理原则,经过实践证实,肾内科应用中心静脉置管技术是一种非常有效、安全的临床基础技术,严格的无菌操作和规范的术后护理,可避免多种并发症,能有效减轻护理工作量。%Objective To analysis of blood purification patients admitted in our hospital urology department of the central venous catheter nursing strategy. Methods To my families and 80 patients with central venous catheter operation, as temporary pathway of blood purification of blood vessels, and the indwelling central venous catheter complications that may occur during the process of put forward effective nursing care plan.Results Bear fruit center venipuncture no catheter after nursing complications. Conclusion Knot theory in view of the experience from the nursing of central venous catheter, through a stationary position, smooth line, avoid infection of nursing principles, through the practice proof, renal medicine application center venipuncture technology is a very effective and safe clinical basic technology, strict aseptic operation and postoperative nursing, can avoid many complications, can effectively reduce the nursing workload.

  4. Clinical investigation of catheter-related infections in two central venous cathers%两种中心静脉导管相关性感染的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高立平

    2012-01-01

    目的 评价抗感染中心静脉导管在减少重症监护病房(ICU)患者导管相关性感染(CRI)中的作用.方法 将248例在ICU留置中心静脉导管的患者随机分成普通中心静脉导管组(对照组120例)和抗感染中心静脉导管组(抗感染组128例),观察两组CRI的发生率和病原菌分布情况.结果 抗感染组的CRI发生率明显低于对照组(6.3%vs14.2%),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).CRI的病原菌为金黄色葡萄球菌、鲍曼不动杆菌、阴沟肠杆菌、肠球菌、肺炎克雷伯菌和白色念珠菌,但两组患者CRI病原菌分布比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 抗感染中心静脉导管可明显降低ICU患者CRI的发生率.%Objective To evaluate the effect of reducing intravenous catheter-ralated infection (CRT) using antiseptic impregnated central venous catheter in patients in intensive care unit (ICU). Methods 248 patients treated in ICU who needed intravascular catheterization were randomly divided into the control group (120 cases, treated with ordinary central venous catheter) and the antiseptic group (128 cases, treated with antiseptic impregnated central venous catheter). The incidence of CRI and pathogenic distribution were observed. Results The incidence of CRI in the antiseptic group was significantly lower than that of the control group (6.3% vs 14.2%, P<0.05). The pathogens of CRI were Staphytococcus aureus, Acmetabactor baumarwiii, E. Cloacae, entemcoccus, Klebsiella pneumonias and Candida albicans. Pathogenic distribution between the two groups showed no statistically significant difference (PX).O5). Conclusion Antiseptic impregnated central venous catheter can obviously reduce the incidence of CRI in patients in ICU.

  5. Application of interventional techniques on central venous catheter related diseases in hemodialysis patients%介入技术在血液透析患者中心静脉导管相关问题中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨涛; 侯西彬; 詹申; 王新玲; 王玉柱

    2015-01-01

    目的总结介入技术在血液透析患者中心静脉导管相关性问题诊断及治疗中的应用。方法回顾性分析我院肾内科82例中心静脉导管相关性介入诊断、治疗患者的临床资料,包括导管置入、导管位置调整及单纯诊断性造影,总结导管纤维鞘的诊断和介入处理方法。结果本组中伴有糖尿病者33例(40.2%),既往平均置管次数(3.2±1.7)次;介入下置管共55例次,导管位置调整24例次。置管的患者中,造影提示38例患者存在中心静脉狭窄或闭塞;导管调整的患者均为颈内静脉置管,13例为左侧颈内静脉置管,导管调整的原因多为导管末端不能达到适当的位置;经造影诊断纤维鞘13例次。结论 X线介入下中心静脉导管相关操作可实时明确中心静脉情况,确保导管置入适当位置,并可对病变的中心静脉治疗后置入导管,也是导管纤维鞘的诊断和处理的有效方法之一。%Objective To summarize the interventional therapy on central venous catheter related diseases in hemodialysis patients. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 82 patients who had received interven-tional therapy for catheter related diseases. The data was consisted of catheter insertion under the X ray, adjustment to the catheter and angiography for the catheter related diagnostic procedures. We also summarized the interventional diagnosis and therapy for catheter related fibrin sheath formation. Results The incidence of diabetes mellitus was 40.2%. On an av-erage, previous cannulation times was 3.2±1.7. The number of cannulation and adjustment to the catheter under X ray was 55 and 24 respectively. In all cannulation patients, venography revealed that central venous stenosis or obstruction were found in 38 patients. In patients whose catheter position was adjusted, the sites of puncture were internal jugular vein in all. Puncture sites were left internal jugular

  6. 重症患者中心静脉导管相关血流感染护理对策分析%Nursing countermeasures for bloodstream infection induced by central venous catheter in severe patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰艳萍; 葛凯杰

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyze the nursing countermeasures for bloodstream infection induced by central venous catheter in severe patients, to provide reference for the control of infections in severe patients. Methods Divided 116 cases of central venous catheter in several patients randomly into group A, group B, 58 cases in each group, group A was given routine nursing care, group B was implemented the optimal nursing, observed nursing effect of the two groups.Results Catheter related bloodstream infection rates of group A and group B were 13.8% and 3.45%, indwelling catheter time was (12.5±3.4)d and (16.5±4.3)d, differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion Optimal nursing for severe patients with central venous catheter can reduce catheter-related bloodstream infection, prolong indwelling time and improve the prognosis.%目的:分析重症患者中心静脉导管相关血流感染护理对策,为重症患者感染防止提供参考。方法将116例留置中心静脉导管的重症患者随机分为A、B两组,各58例, A组实施常规护理, B组实施优化护理,观察两组护理效果。结果A、B两组导管相关血流感染率分别为13.8%及3.45%,留置导管时间分别为(12.5±3.4)d及(16.5±4.3)d,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论对留置中心静脉导管的重症患者进行优化护理后可减少导管相关血流感染、延长置管时间、改善预后。

  7. 头孢拉定加肝素钠封管预防患者中心静脉置管相关性感染的效果%Preventive effect of cefradine plus heparin sealing catheters on central venous catheter-related infections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任昌菊; 刘静; 夏昌华; 蹇正清

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨头孢拉定加肝素钠封管预防患者中心静脉置管相关性感染的效果。方法将112例中心静脉置管患者随机分为对照组57例和干预组55例,对照组患者中心静脉置管期间给予肝素钠封管,干预组患者给予头孢拉定加肝素钠封管。比较两组患者中心静脉置管期间导管相关性感染情况。结果对照组患者中心静脉置管期间导管相关性感染率为12.28%,干预组为0.00%,两组比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论中心静脉置管患者采用头孢拉定加肝素钠溶液封管,可有效降低患者导管相关性感染。%Objective To explore the preventive effect of Cefradine plus heparin sealing catheters on central center venous (CVC)catheter-related infections.Methods One hundred and twelve patients with central venous catheter were randomly divided into control group(n=57)and intervention group(n=55).In the control group,heparin sodium was used to seal the catheters and in the intervention group Cefradine plus heparin were used.The two groups were compared in terms of central venous catheter(CVC)-related infections.Results The CVC-related infection rates are 12.28%and 0%in the control and intervention groups respectively, with statistical difference between them(P<0.01).Conclusions Cefazodine and heparin used to seal the catheters in the treatment of patients with central venous catheter can effectively reduce incidence of catheter-related infections.

  8. 恶性肿瘤中心静脉置管后并发血栓相关因素分析%Related Factors of Central Venous Catheter-associated Thrombosis in Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢勋鹏; 陈萍; 朱红军; 陆宏宾; 张莉莉; 王明伟; 范红菊

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the risk factors of thrombosis fol owing central venous catheter (CVC) in cancer patients. Methods CVC - associated thrombosis was investigated in 702 patients receiving placement of CVC. Results There were 23 CVC-associated thrombosis among 702 patients. Patients with adanced cancer,chemotherapy,and increase of blood d-dimer were the important risk factors for CVC-associated thrombosis. Conclusion Adanced tumors fol owing central venous catheter prone to deep vein thrombosis. Patients with high risk of blood clots after central venous catheter should give preventive intervention.%目的探讨肿瘤患者进行置入中心静脉导管后深静脉血栓发生情况及相关危险因素。方法对702例行中心静脉置管的恶性肿瘤患者,对其性别、年龄、原发疾病、置管部位、血红蛋白和D-二聚体水平与血栓发生情况进行回顾性分析。结果23例发生深静脉血栓栓塞(VTE),中心静脉置管后深静脉血栓发生与肿瘤分期、治疗及患者血液D-二聚体水平相关。结论晚期肿瘤患者中心静脉置管易发生深静脉血栓,对于有血栓高危的肿瘤患者中心静脉置管后需预防性干预。

  9. Temporary Central Venous Catheter in Hemodialysis Application and Nursing%临时性中心静脉留置管在血液透析中应用与护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余艳红

    2014-01-01

    目的探讨并分析临时性中心静脉留置管在血液透析中应用以及护理。方法回顾性分析我院自2010年12月~2013年12月所收治的60例血液透析患者中心静脉置管情况以及有关护理。结果60例血液透析患者中有2例患者由于置管并发症的发生而拔管。结论正确、安全且有效地应用以及维护中心静脉置管,同时采取合理的护理方式是预防各种并发症发生以及延长置管使用寿命的一个关键。%Objective To investigate and analyze the application of indwel ing catheter in hemodialysis and nursing of temporary central venous. Methods Retrospective analysis of our hospital from 2010 December~2013 year in December the hospital treated 60 cases of hemodialysis patients with central venous catheter and nursing care. Results 60 cases of hemodialysis patients in 2 cases of patients with complications of catheterization occurred and extubation. Conclusion Correct, safe and ef ective application and maintenance of central venous catheter, while taking care to prevent al kinds of complications is reasonable and the extension of a key tube service life.

  10. A peripherally inserted central catheter line, inserted the day before surgery, decreases the time from induction to incision for spinal deformity surgery and safely provides central venous access during surgery: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuedemann, Anne E; Schwend, Richard M; Thomas, Valorie K; Leamon, Julia M; Lightner, Tammy S

    2017-02-24

    Pediatric patients undergoing surgery for spinal deformity may benefit from central venous access to provide intraoperative monitoring and fluid resuscitation. For pediatric surgical patients requiring central access, we hypothesized that placing a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line preoperatively should decrease time from induction of anesthesia to incision and result in improved patient safety and decreased operating room charges. This was a retrospective, nonrandomized, and case comparison study. Clinical records of all children with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis or neuromuscular scoliosis treated surgically by the senior author between December 2007 and April 2012 were reviewed. Control group patients had a central venous catheter (CVC) placed by the anesthesiologist after induction of anesthesia. The trial group had a PICC placed under local anesthesia the day before surgery by an experienced vascular access team. The time from induction of anesthesia to the time for the surgical incision was determined for each study group. The CVC line placement charges were determined by the operating room time charges at $214/min. Charges saved were the mean time difference multiplied by the operating room time charge, less the charge for PICC line insertion ($1282). There were 29 neuromuscular patients, the mean age was 13 years (SD: 4 years). The mean time from induction to incision for the PICC group was 91 min [95% confidence interval (CI): 67-115 min] and for the CVC group 113 min (95% CI: 99-127 min, P=0.083). For this mean time difference of 22 min, the estimated cost savings would be $3426 per patient. There were 59 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, the mean age was 14 years (SD: 2 years). The mean time from induction to incision for the PICC group was 78 min (95% CI: 74-82 min) and for the CVC group 106 min (95% CI: 96-116  min, P≤0.001). For this mean time difference of 28 min, the estimated cost savings would

  11. 中心静脉导管接负压吸引器在结核性胸腔积液中的应用%Application of central venous catheter connected with the negative pressure aspirator in tuberculous pleural effusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王赞

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨中心静脉导管接负压吸引器在结核性胸腔积液治疗中的疗效。方法:收治结核性胸膜炎患者100例,随机分为两组,治疗组50例,采用中心静脉导管接负压吸引器持续引流胸腔积液;对照组50例,采用常规中心静脉导管接无菌引流袋引流胸腔积液。两组均用2HRZE/10HRE标准抗痨方案治疗,观察胸腔积液引流通畅,胸腔积液消失时间。结果:治疗组胸腔积液吸收时间短,不易造成引流管阻塞。结论:中心静脉导管接负压吸引器引流治疗结核性胸腔积液疗效确切。%Objective:To explore the curative effect of central venous catheter connected with the negative pressure aspirator in tuberculous pleural effusion.Methods:100 patients with tuberculous pleurisy were selected,they were randomly divided into the treatment group and the control group with 50 cases in each.The treatment group was given drainage of the pleural effusion by central venous catheter connected with the negative pressure aspirator.The control group was given drainage of the pleural effusion by the central venous catheter with a sterile drainage bag.The two groups were treated with the standard of 2HRZE/10HRE tuberculosis scheme.Pleural effusion drainage and the hydrothorax disappearance time were observed.Results:In the treatment group,hydrothorax absorption time was short,and it was not easy to cause obstruction of drainage tube.Conclusion:The curative effect of central venous catheter connected with the negative pressure aspirator in tuberculous pleural effusion is obviously.

  12. The application of root cause analytical method in reducing infections related to central venous catheter%根因分析法在降低中心静脉导管相关性感染中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江寅芳; 郭海珍; 夏娟; 夏肖枫; 冯惠春

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To reduce the incidence of central venous catheter‐related infections and improve the safety of the patients with central venous catheter by root cause analytical method .METHODS The clinical data of 768 cases and 838 cases treated with central venous catheter in 2012 and 2013 were investigated .Through using the method of root cause analysis to analyze proximal causes and root causes for the 84 cases of catheter‐related infections in 2012 ,the central venous catheter assessment and monitoring mechanism were set to improve the catheter insertion method and the maintenance method ,and strengthen the training of nurses and the mission to patients and their families .The effect was traced in 2013 .RESULTS There were 84 cases with central venous catheter‐related infections in 2012 ;the infection rate was 10 .9% .And in 2013 ,this number was 46 cases;the infection rate was 5 .5% .The differences of the two years′infection rate was significant(P<0 .05) .The insertion site infection and catheter‐related infection (CRBSI) incidence of 2013 were 29(3 .5% )and 17(2 .0% ) ,lower than those of 2012 ,60(7 .8% )and 24(3 .1% ) ,there was significant differences (P<0 .05) .According to the days of the central catheter indwelling statistics ,the daily infection rate fell from 7 .2/1000 to 3 .5/1000 .CONCLUSION Root cause analytical method can provide a scientific way for systematically and effectively reducing the occurrence of central venous catheter‐related infections .%目的:通过根因分析减少中心静脉置管后相关性感染的发生率,提高置管患者的安全性。方法调查2012、2013年行中心静脉置管各768、838例患者资料,对2012年发生中心静脉导管感染患者,运用根因分析方法进行近端原因、根本原因分析,制定中心静脉导管的评估和监控机制,改进导管的置管与维护方法,强化对护士的培训和对患者及家属的宣教,于2013年对改

  13. Pacientes assintomáticos apresentam infecção relacionada ao cateter venoso utilizado para terapia nutricional parenteral Asymptomatic patients present infection related to the central venous catheter used for total parenteral nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Deh Carvalho Machado

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a freqüência de infecção relacionada ao cateter venoso central em pacientes submetidos a terapia nutricional parenteral. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados os cateteres venosos centrais de pacientes em terapia nutricional parenteral que tiveram a indicação de retirada do cateter venoso central por infecção, alta hospitalar, ou trombose. Os pacientes com infecção foram denominados de Grupo 1 e os demais de Grupo 2. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante quanto ao estado nutricional dos 18 pacientes analisados. Foram analisados 28 cateteres e destes 68% estavam infectados, sendo 72% do Grupo 1 e 28% do Grupo 2 (assintomáticos. No Grupo 1, houve infecção sistêmica em 70% dos casos, já no Grupo 2 a hemocultura foi positiva em 17% dos casos. A colonização por Staphylococcus sp. ocorreu em 48% dos casos, seguida de Candida sp. (21%, Enterococcus faecalis (16%, Pseudomonas aerurginosa (10% e Proteus sp.(5%. CONCLUSÃO: A contaminação de cateter venoso central utilizado para terapia nutricional parenteral é freqüente. Mesmo pacientes assintomáticos recebendo nutrição parenteral têm uma incidência maior de infecção por Candida sp. Portanto é necessária a criação de barreiras que impeçam a colonização destes cateteres venosos centrais, a fim de diminuir a morbimortalidade de pacientes dependentes deste tipo de terapia.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of central venous catheter-related infections in hospitalized patients receiving total parenteral nutrition. METHODS: Central venous catheters were analyzed immediately after removal due to infection, hospital discharge or thrombosis. The patients with catheter-related infection were named Group 1 and the other patients were named Group 2. RESULTS: Eighteen patients were studied. There was no statistically significant difference in nutritional status between the two groups. A total of 28 catheters were analyzed

  14. 心脏术后中心静脉导管不同留置途径感染的观察及分析%Infection Rate of Different Approach for Central Venous Catheter Placement after Cardiac Surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安淑芬; 芮晨

    2012-01-01

    目的 观察中心静脉导管不同途径置管的感染率,探讨其相关危险因素及防治措施,为临床预防和减少导管相关性感染提供参考依据.方法 对2009~2010年的198例心脏直视术后采取经股静脉、锁骨下静脉、外周静脉放置中心静脉导管,中心静脉导管尖端培养阳性患者的临床资料进行统计性分析.结果 经锁骨下静脉途径的感染率为7.84%,经股静脉途径的感染率为23.61%,周围静脉感染率为6.89%,中心静脉管道的感染的病原菌中革兰氏阳性菌有12例,占57.1%;革兰氏阴性菌有8例,占38.1%;真菌1例,占4.8%.结论 中心静脉导管感染率与不同留置途径具有不同程度差异,但股静脉穿刺途径和锁骨下静脉及周围静脉差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),中心静脉留置管道感染的致病菌以革兰氏阳性菌为主.%Objective To observe the infection rate of different approach for central venous catheter placement after cardiac surgery and explore the related risk factors,prevention and control measures,so as to provide references for the clinical preventive practices and reducing CVC-correlated infections. Methods The 198 cases of open heart surgery from 2009 to 2010 were enrolled in this study. They underwent the central venous catheter placement by approaches of femoral vein, subclavian vein or peripheral venous. The clinical materials of patients with a positive result of bacterial culture of the catheter tips were collected and analyzed with statistical techniques. Results The infection rates of subclavian vein, femoral vein, peripheral venous catheter-related were 7. 84% ,23. 6% and 6. 89% , respectively. Among the infectious pathogenic bacteria in central venous pipeline, there were 12 cases of gram-positive bacterium which account for 57.1% ,8 cases of Gram-negative bacterium for 38.1% and 1 case of fungus for 4.8%. Conclusion The different degrees difference in the infection rates was founded

  15. 经中心静脉导管介入治疗腹部外科疾病并发症%Percutaneous central venous catheter drainage for interventional treatment of complications in abdominal surgical diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈新; 宣之东; 祝志

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨经中心静脉导管介入治疗腹部外科疾病并发症的效果.方法 回顾性分析72例腹部外科疾病患者的临床资料,其中并发腹水23例、胆漏19例、胰瘘8例、胰腺组织坏死7例、腹腔脓肿15例,均行超声或CT引导下置入中心静脉导管引流治疗.结果 72例患者均一次性置人中心静脉导管成功,导管留置时间2~37 d,5例患者带管出院,定期至门诊复查.3例腹水患者导管滑脱行重新置管;发生导管堵塞17例,经冲洗和导丝疏通后解除;胰腺组织坏死2例和胰周脓肿1例行多次穿刺并更换大口径导管后治愈.胰腺组织坏死2例、外伤性胰漏1例、阑尾炎1例患者均行开腹手术;胆囊切除术后胆漏1例行胆道内支架治疗;重症胰腺炎并发呼吸窘迫综合征1例转入ICU治疗.结论 超声或CT引导下在腹腔置人中心静脉导管治疗腹部外科疾病并发症,安全、有效,值得推广应用.%Objective To discuss the effica of central venous catheter drainage in interventional treatment of abdominal surgical complications.Methods The clinical data of 72 cases of abdominal surgical diseases were retrospectively analyzed,the complications included 23 cases of ascites,19 cases of bile leakage,8 cases of pancreatic fistula,7 cases of pancreatic necrosis and 15 cases of abdominal abscess,they all underwent percutaneous central venous catheter drainage under the guidance of ultrasound or CT.Results Central venous catheter was placed in 72 cases successfully in one time,the cathetem were kept for 2 to 37 days,5 discharged cases with catheter underwent regular reexamination in the clinic.3 cases of ascites were replaced for catheter shedding; 17 cases for occlusion recieved catheter irrigation and guidewire dredging;2 cases of pancreatic necrosis and 1 case of peripancreatic abscess were cured by repeated puncture and replacement of large-bore catheter.2 cases of pancreatic necrosis,1 case of pancreatic

  16. 中心静脉导管相关性感染危险因素调查分析%Risk factors of central venous catheter-related infections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨梅

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the risk factors and prevention measures of central venous catheter-related infections (CRI).METHODS Thirty-one cases from Jan 2007 to Dec 2008 in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively.RESULTS CRI was related to the indwelling time, location of catheter.The most susceptible crowd of central venous catheter-related infections was those patients in critical conditions, senile patients.CONCLUSION Shortening catheter indwelling time is important to prevent CRI through augmenting the monitoring and the careful nursing.%目的 通过对中心静脉导管相关性感染的调查分析,探讨中心静脉导管相关性感染的防治.方法 分析2007年1月-2008年12月临床31例中心静脉导管感染病例.结果 31例置管感染患者置管时间最短7 d,最长58 d,平均置管时间23.38 d;感染发生>7 d者29例,占93.55%,其中>2周的22例,占70.97%;20例感染前全身性使用抗菌药物,占64.52%;感染与导管留置时间、置管部位等相关,危重、老年患者是导管相关性感染的易感人群.结论 减少导管留置时间,长期留置导管患者需加强导管的监测与管理.

  17. Placement peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC): the upper arm approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choo, In Wook; Choo, Sung Wook; Choi, Dong Il; Yoon, Jung Hwan; Hwang, Jae Woong; Lim, Jae Hoon [Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Andrews, James C. [Mayo Clinic, Lansing (United States); Williams, David M.; Cho, Kyung J. [University of Michigan Hospital, Lansing (United States)

    1995-10-15

    To evaluate a recently developed technique to place a medium-duration (weeks to months) central venous access. Within three-year period, 635 patients were referred to interventional radiology suite for placement of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). Contrast medium was injected into the peripheral intravenous line and a puncture was made into the opacified vein near the junction of the middle and upper thirds of the upper arm, either the brachial or basilic vein under fluoroscopic guidance. A 5.5-French peel-away sheath was inserted into the vein and a 5-French silicone catheter was introduced with its distal tip to the junction of the right atrium and superior vena cava. Catheter placement was successful in all patients unless there was a central venous obstruction. Catheters were maintained from 2 days to 5 months with a mean of 3 weeks. Complications included infection requiring removal of the PICC in 16 patients (2.5%), acute thrombosis of the subclavian vein in 3 (0.5%). Occluded catheters in 4 patients were easily cleared with urokinase in place. The PICC system is an excellent option for medium-duration central venous access. Patients were able to carry on normal activities with the catheters in place.

  18. Nursing measures and retention time of central venous catheter in esophageal cancer patients underwent radical operation%食管癌术后中心静脉导管留置时间与护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜萍; 林玉琴; 刘新

    2010-01-01

    Objective To explore nursing measures and retention time of central venous catheter in esophageal cancer patients underwent radical operation. Methods According to retention time of central venous catheters, a total of 90 cases of esophageal carcinoma patients were randomly divided into three groups: 31 cases with 5 days retention time in group Ⅰ , 29 cases with 7 days retention time in group Ⅱ; 30 cases with 10 days retention time. Complications of central venous catheter including swelling and pain in punition site, fever,extravasation, extrusion and block of catheter and the bacterial culture of central venous catheter were compared among three groups. Results Incidence of complications in group Ⅰ,group Ⅱ and group Ⅲ were 3.2%,20.6% and 46.7% respectively. The differences were significant( P < 0.01 ). As for the positive of bacteria culture, differences among three groups were significant too, with no case in group Ⅰ , one case in group Ⅱ and 4cases in group Ⅲ. Conclusions Retention time of central venous catheter should under 7 days. Retention time depends on the quality of nursing care.%目的 探讨食管癌术后中心静脉导管留置时间与护理方法.方法 择期食管癌根治术患者90例,按中心静脉导管留置时间随机分为3组,留置5 d组(n=31),留置7 d组(n=29)和留置10 d组(n=30).观察中心静脉导管留置期间的局部红肿、疼痛、发热、液体外渗以及导管脱出、堵塞等一般并发症.观察期结束后拔除中心静脉导管,用无菌剪刀剪下尖端5 cm,放置于无菌容器内,送细菌培养.结果 一般并发症发生率留置5 d组为3.2%,留置7 d组为20.6%,留置10 d组为46.7%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).静脉导管尖端细菌培养结果留置5 d组均为阴性,留置7 d组有1例阳性,留置10 d组有4例阳性,导管相关性感染的发生率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 食管癌根治术后中心静脉导管留置时间一般不应超过7 d,

  19. 抗菌导管与贝朗普通中心静脉置管在重症监护室患者中的疗效对比%The antibacterial catheter of Saituoanbao and common central venous catheter of braun in ICU

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓玉; 张川; 曾薇

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To study the efficacy comparison between the antibacterial catheter and common central venous catheter in ICU patients.Methods: The 110 ICU patients with central venous catheter were randomized into the control group (common central venous catheter)and the observation group (antibacterial catheter), 55 patients per group. The success rate of catheter, the averange catheter days, complications, and the incidence of catheter-related infection (CRI)and pathogen distribution in the two groups were observed and compared.Results: Compared with the control group, the success rate of catheter was significantly increased(100.0% vs 81.8%,x2=11.00,P<0.05), the averange catheter days were obviously reduced(12.5±3.0 vs 13.5±3.0,t=3.49,P<0.05)days, the incidences of complications (red and swelling in puncture site(3.6% vs 27.3%,x2=11.76,P<0.05), fluid in puncutre site (3.6% vs 21.8%,x2=8.18,P<0.05), catheter herniation(1.8% vs 20.0%,x2=9.35,P<0.05)were significantly decreased in the observation group with statistical difference (P<0.05). Conclusion: The antibacterial catheter can significantly reduce the incidence of CRI for ICU patients and improve the security of central venous catheter.%目的:探讨赛托安保抗菌导管与贝朗普通中心静脉置管在重症监护室(ICU)患者应用的疗效对比。方法:选取ICU病房110例留置中心静脉导管患者,随机将其分为对照组和观察组,每组55例。对照组采用贝朗普通中心静脉导管,观察组采用赛托安保抗菌导管,并对两组一次置管成功率、平均留置天数、并发症、导管相关性感染(CRI)发生率及病原菌分布情况进行观察和比较。结果:与对照组相比,观察组一次置管成功率明显升高,差异有统计学意义(x2=11.00,P<0.05);平均留置天数明显缩短,差异有统计学意义(t=3.49,P<0.05);并发症发生率(穿刺部位红肿)相比,差异有统计学意义(x2=11.76,P<0.05);穿刺

  20. Central venous catheter-related thrombosis in elderly patients%老年患者中心静脉导管相关性血栓发生情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳高; 付治卿; 李世军

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the risk factors for thrombosis by investigating the incidence of central venous catheter‐related thrombosis in elderly patients .Methods Four hundred and five elderly patients who underwent central venous catheterization were divided into femoral vein group(n=46) ,internal jugular vein group (n=40) and subclavian vein group (n=319) according to their catheter position ,or into thrombosis group (n=31) and non‐thrombosis group (n=374) according to the incidence of central venous catheter‐related thrombosis .T heir gender ,age ,basic diseases ,catheter position ,retention time of catheter ,and complications of central venous catheter‐related thrombosis were retrospectively analyzed .Results The incidence of central venous cathe‐ter‐related thrombosis was significantly lower in subclavian vein group than in internal jugular vein group and femoral vein group (5 .0% vs 15 .0% ,5 .0% vs 19 .6% ,P<0 .05 ,P<0 .01) .The percentage of past venous thrombosis history was significantly higher in thrombosis group than in non‐thrombosis group (19 .4% vs 6 .4% ,P<0 .05) .Conclusions Subclavian vein catheterization can significantly reduce the incidence of central venous catheter‐related thrombosis and past ve‐nous thrombosis history can predict the incidence of central venous catheter‐related thrombosis in elderly patients .%目的:调查老年患者中心静脉导管相关性血栓的发生情况,比较不同置管部位下,导管相关性血栓的发生率,将与血栓发生相关联的各种危险因素进行对比分析。方法选取接受中心静脉置管操作的老年患者405例,根据置管部位不同分为股静脉组46例,颈内静脉组40例,锁骨下静脉组319例。又根据导管相关性血栓的发生情况分为血栓组31例,非血栓组374例。对入选患者的性别、年龄、基础疾病、置管部位、导管留置时间、导管相关性血栓的发生情况等进行回顾性调查分析。

  1. Risk factors for central venous catheter-related infections in pediatric intensive care Fatores de risco para as infecções relacionadas ao caracter venoso central em terapia intensiva pediátrica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Vilela

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for short-term percutaneously inserted central venous catheter-related infections in children and to evaluate the accuracy of a mortality score in predicting the risk of infection. METHOD: After reviewing the charts of patients who developed catheter-related infection in a university hospital's pediatric intensive care unit, we conducted a case-controlled study with 51 pairs. Variables related to patients and to catheter insertion and use were analyzed. Risk factors were defined by logistic regression analysis. The accuracy of the Pediatric Risk of Mortality score to discriminate the risk for infection was tested using the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve. RESULTS: Infection was associated with respiratory failure, patient's length of stay, duration of tracheal intubation, insertion of catheter in the intensive care unit and parenteral nutrition. Insertion site (femoral or internal jugular was unimportant. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the following variables. Risk factors included more than one catheter placement (p=0.014 and duration of catheter use (p=0.0013, and protective factors included concomitant antibiotic use (p=0.0005 and an intermittent infusion regimen followed by heparin filling compared to continuous infusion without heparin (p=0.0002. Pediatric Risk of Mortality did not discriminate the risk of infection. CONCLUSIONS: Central parenteral nutrition and central venous catheters should be withdrawn as soon as possible. Femoral vein catheterization carries a risk of infection similar to internal jugular catheterization. The Pediatric Risk of Mortality score should not be used to predict the risk of central catheter-related infections.OBJETIVOS: Identificar fatores de risco para as infecções relacionadas a cateter venoso central de curta permanência, inserido por punção, em crianças e avaliar a eficiência de um escore de mortalidade pediátrica em prever o risco

  2. ICU中心静脉导管相关性感染的危险因素分析与护理研究%Risk factors analysis and nursing study of CU central venous catheter associated infection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉楠

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the risk factors and nursing of the central venous catheter related infection in ICU center..Methods:in our hospital from December 2010 to 2014 December ICU were 30 cases of catheter infection patients in 90 cases of central venous device tube patients as the research object,the relationship of their clinical characteristics,risk factors and nursing were studied.Results:the infection rates of femoral vein,jugular vein and clavicle vein were 33.33%,28.57% and 18.52%,respectively,femoral vein catheterization was the highest,and the lowest was the lowest of clavicle vein..The longer the catheter indwelling,the higher the infection rate..The infection rate of single lumen catheter is 15.87%,which is lower than that of double lumen catheter 40.74%.Conclusion:strict central venous set tube care,improve immunity of patients,shorten the time of catheter,strengthen nurse hand hygiene management and disinfection of puncture site,has a very important role in the occurrence of low central venous catheter related infections.%目的:对ICU中心静脉导管相关性感染的危险因素和护理进行探讨和分析。方法对我院2010年12月-2014年12月ICU病房收治的30例导管感染患者中90例次中心静脉置管患者作为研究对象,对他们的临床特点、危险因素和护理的关系进行研究。结果①股静脉、颈静脉和锁骨下静脉插管的的感染率分别为33.33%、28.57%和18.52%,其中股静脉置管最高,锁骨下静脉最低。②导管留置的时间越长,感染发生率越高。③单腔导管留置感染率为15.87%,低于双腔导管留置的40.74%。结论严格中心静脉置管护理,提高患者机体免疫力,缩短置管时间,加强护士手卫生的管理和穿刺部位消毒,对降低中心静脉置管相关性感染的发生具有非常重要的作用。

  3. Stpahylococcus aureus biofilms on central venous haemodialysis catheters Biofilmes de Staphylococcus aureus em cateter venoso central em hemodiálise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Eyko Aoki

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Biofilm bacterial infections are common in patients undergoing treatment with haemodialysis. This study involved 16 patients (7 males, 9 females; ages from 22 to 81 with an average age of 50 who had had a total of 25 temporary haemodialysis polyurethane catheter insertions into the subclavian vein (22 dual-lumen and 3 triple-lumen. The catheters remained in place from 3 to 91 days, on an average of 47 days. The reasons for catheter removal were: bad functioning (44%, suspicion of catheter-related infection (20%, availability of permanent access (16%, accidental removal (12%, signs and symptoms of infection at the site of catheter insertion (4%, and exogenous contamination (4%. Positive tip cultures were observed on seven of the catheters (28%, showing three positive blood cultures. The Staphylococcus aureus were identified in 12% of the blood cultures and isolated from one of the hubs, and biofilms were observed on all catheter tips. The S. aureus retrieved from both blood and catheters (tips and hubs were resistant to penicillin and susceptible to azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, chloramphenicol, gentamicin, oxacillin, rifampin, sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline, and vancomycin. The S. aureus strains isolated from both blood and catheters (tips and hubs were considered to be identical based on antibiotic susceptibility patterns and genetic similarity assessed using an automated ribotyping system.As infecções devido a biofilmes bacterianos são comuns em pacientes sob tratamento em hemodiálise. Neste estudo, 16 pacientes (7 homens, 9 mulheres, de 22 a 81 anos, média 50 anos de idade, com um total de 25 cateteres de hemodiálise (3 de triplo-lúmen e 22 de duplo-lúmen de poliuretano inseridos em veia subclávia foram estudados. Os cateteres permaneceram no local de 3 a 91 dias (média de 47 dias. Os cateteres foram removidos devido ao: mau funcionamento (44%, suspeita de infecção relacionada ao cateter (20%, viabilidade de um acesso

  4. 中心静脉穿刺导管在癌性胸腔积液中的应用%Application of central venous catheter in Cancerous Pleural Effusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾少云; 陈志军

    2014-01-01

    目的:解决癌性胸腔积液反复穿刺的缺点。方法:收治癌性胸腔积液患者17例,应用中心静脉穿刺导管做胸腔留置引流术。结论:中心静脉穿刺导管引流较传统反复穿刺引流具有很多优点。本方法引流效果明显优于传统引流方法及反复穿刺的方法。%Objective:To solve the disadvantage of malignant pleural effusion repeated puncture.Methods:17 patients with malignant pleural effusion were selected,We did indwelling pleural drainage by central venous catheter.Experience:The central venous catheter has more advantages than the traditional repeated puncture drainage.Conclusion:This method is better than the traditional drainage drainage method and repeated puncture.

  5. Compaeison of the effect between thoracic close drainawith pigtail catheter with central venous catheter in the treatment of pneumothorax%猪尾巴导管与中心静脉导管引流术治疗气胸的疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵定

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the efficacy of pigtail catheter and central venous catheter in pneumothorax by thoracic close drainage.Methods 67 pneumo thoraxpatients were randomly divided into two groups,pigtail catheter group with 29 patients and central venous catheter group with 38 patients.The efficacy,ICU stay time and total hospitalization were compared.Results The efficacy in pigtail catheter group was 93.1% (27 of 29 patients) and in central.venous catheter group was 73.7% (28 of 38 patienes),a significant difference was observed (x2 =4.22,P <0.05).ICU stay time and total hospitalization in pigtail catheter group were(13.2 ± 6.3) d and (34.3 ± 21.4) d,in central venous catheter group there were(19.7 ± 8.3) d and (43.2 ± 25.5) d,significant differences were observed (t =2.42,2.13,all P < 0.05).Conclusion Thoracic close drainage with pigtail catheter in the treatment of pneumothorax is more effective than central venous catheter.%目的 比较猪尾巴导管与中心静脉导管引流术治疗气胸的疗效.方法 住院气胸患者67例,分为猪尾巴导管引流组29例和中心静脉导管引流组38例,分别采用猪尾巴导管与中心静脉导管引流术治疗,比较两组疗效、住ICU时间、总住院时间等.结果 猪尾巴导管引流组有效27例,有效率为93.1%,中心静脉导管组有效28例,有效率为73.7%,两组有效率差异有统计学意义(x2=4.22,P<0.05);猪尾巴导管组患者住ICU时间为(13.2±6.3)d,总住院时间为(34.3±21.4)d,中心静脉导管组患者住ICU时间为(19.7±8.3)d,总住院时间为(43.2±25.5)d,两组住ICU时间及总住院时间差异均有统计学意义(t=2.42、2.13,均P<0.05).结论 猪尾巴导管引流术治疗气胸疗效高于中心静脉导管引流术,值得临床推广应用.

  6. 探究血透用中心静脉导管的并发症原因与护理%To explore the causes of complications in hemodialysis and nursing of central venous catheter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹晓红

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究分析引发血透用中心静脉导管临床并发症的主要原因,探讨其临床护理途径。方法抽取36例血透用中心静脉导管并发症患者,将其按照每组18例划分为对照组和护理组,给予对照组患者常规护理,护理组在对照组的基础上加用综合护理干预,探讨引发血透用中心静脉导管并发症的原因,对比两组患者的临床护理效果。结果护理组患者取得了98.5%的护理有效率,明显优于对照组的83.2%( P<0.05)。结论综合护理干预能够大大提高血透用中心静脉导管并发症临床护理效果。%Objective To study the main reason analysis caused by hemodialysis central venous catheter clinical complications, and to explore its clinical nursing pathway. Methods A total of 36 cases of hemodialysis complications in patients with central venous catheter, in accordance with the 18 cases in each group divided into control group and nursing group, control group patients were given routine nursing care, nursing group in the control group based on the use of comprehensive nursing intervention, to explore the causes of complications caused by blood dialysis tube with central venous guide, clinical nursing the effect of the two groups were compared. Results The nursing group achieved 98.5%of the nursing efifciency, signiifcantly better than the control group 83.2%(P<0.05). Conclusion Comprehensive nursing intervention can greatly improve the blood through the use of central venous catheter complications in clinical nursing effect.

  7. Case-control Study of Risk Factors of Central Venous Catheter Tip Bacterial Colonization%中心静脉导管尖端细菌定植危险因素的病例对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫沛; 李武平; 宋向阳; 孙惠英; 刘冰

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨中心静脉导管尖端细菌定植的危险因素.方法 抽取一段时间内某院住院并接受中心静脉置管的患者240例,以导管尖端细菌培养阳性者作为病例组,阴性者作为对照组.对可能影响细菌定植的因素作单因素分析与Logistic多元回归分析.结果 排除可疑污染的阳性病例5例,30例导管尖端有细菌定植,单因素分析共筛选出插入导管型号、拔管前是否有发热、拔管时穿刺点皮肤、导管使用过程中抗生素的使用情况、从导管有无输血、从肝素帽推药次数6方面因素有统计学意义(P<0.05);以有细菌定植为应变量,其他因素为自变量赋值后进行非条件多因素分析,最终显示导管型号、抗生素的使用2方面因素是导管尖端细菌定植的危险因素.结论 选择合适的导管,做好穿刺点护理,严格控制置管天数,合理使用抗生素,有效预防导管相关性血流感染的发生.%Objective To explore risk factors of central venous catheter tip bacterial colonization. Methods 240 inpatients with central venous catheter were divided into case group including positive carriers of bacteria colonization and control group including negative carriers. The potential influence factors were analyzed by single factor analysis and Logistic regression analysis. Results After the exclusion of 5 possibly-polluted cases, 30 cases were with bacterial colonization in the study. Single factor analysis revealed that bacteria colonization were related with 6 factors(P<0.05), which involved catheter size, whether there was a fever before pulling the catheter, the skin of catheter insert spot, antibiotic usage during the process of catheter use, whether there was a blood transfusion from catheter and the frequency of push drugs from heparin joint Non-conditional multiple Logistic regression taking bacteria colonization as dependent variable and the other factors as independent variable indicated that risk

  8. Detection of mixed microbial biofilms on central venous catheters removed from Intensive care Unit Patients Detecção de biofilmes microbianos mistos em cateters venosos de pacientes de Unidades de Terapia Intensiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anisio Storti

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Central venous catheters from intensive care unit patients were subjected to microbiological methods (semiquantitative culture and scanning electron microscopy in order to assess microbial attachment and correlate it with blood cultures. During the period of the survey, 59 patients with inserted central venous catheters were studied. The type of catheter used was nontunneled, noncuffed, single lumen, made of polyurethane. Blood samples for cultures were collected at the moment of catheter removal. Data on the patient's age, gender, catheter insertion site, and duration of catheterization were also obtained. From 63 catheters tips analysed, 30 (47.6% showed microbial colonization. Infection proved to be more prevalent in 26 (41.3% patients with catheters inserted via subclavia vein than in 2 (3.2% inserted via the jugular vein. Infection was observed more frequently in catheters which were kept in place more than seven days. A. baumannii, Citrobacter freundii, E. aerogenes, P. aeruginosa and S. saprohyticus were isolated as causal agents of catheter-related bloodstream infections. The antimicrobial agent with greater in vitro activity against Gram-negative bacteria was imipenen and against Gram-positive were vancomycin, cefepime, penicillin, rifampin and tetracycline. The SEM analyses revealed biofilms on surfaces of all the catheters examined.Cateteres venosos centrais inseridos em pacientes internados em unidade de terapia intensiva foram avaliados por métodos microbiológicos (cultura semi-quantitativa e microscopia eletrônica de varredura a fim de detectar adesão microbiana e correlacionar com a cultura de sangue. Durante o período de estudo, foram avaliados 59 pacientes com cateter venoso central. A idade dos pacientes, sexo, sítio de inserção e tempo de permanência do cateter foram anotados. O cateter era de poliuretano não tunelizado e de único lúmen. O sangue para cultura foi coletado no momento da remoção do cateter. De 63

  9. Impact of Cluster of Intervention Strategies on CRRT Central Venous Catheter-related Bloodstream Infections%集束化干预策略对CRRT中心静脉导管相关性血行感染的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈刚; 黄晓铭; 陈鑫鑫

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the cluster intervention strategies for CRRT central venous catheter related bloodstream infections (hereinafter referred to as CRBIS). Methods Retrospective analysis of our department in August 2012-February 2013 lines of central venous catheter and conventional CRRT infection intervention measures of patients 150 cases (control group) and March 2013-September 2013 lines of central venous catheter and CRRT in 196 patients with cluster intervention strategies (observation group), compared two groups of patients the incidence of CRBIS, ICU hospitalization days and hospitalization expenses, etc. Results Cluster intervention strategies significantly reduce the rate of catheter-related bloodstream infection, which reduces the patients in ICU time, reduced the cost of patients. Conclusion Cluster intervention strategy can decrease the CRRT CRBIS rate of femoral vein, but need to improve the clinical compliance.%目的:探讨集束化干预策略对CRRT中心静脉导管相关性血流感染(以下简称 CRBIS)的影响。方法回顾性对比分析我科2012年8月~2013年2月行CRRT中心静脉导管并按常规实施感染干预措施的患者150例(对照组)与2013年3月~9月行CRRT中心静脉导管并按集束化干预策略患者196例(观察组),比较两组患者的CRBIS发生率、ICU 住院天数、住院费用等。结果集束化干预策略明显降低导管相关性血行感染,从而降低了患者入住 ICU时间,减少了患者费用。结论集束化干预策略可降低CRRT股静脉的CRBIS率,但需提高临床的依从性。

  10. 经中心静脉导管引流治疗胸腔积液疗效分析%Analysis of the clinical curative effect of central venous catheter drainage in the treatment of pleural effusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜娟

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨经中心静脉导管引流治疗胸腔积液的临床疗效.方法 采用中心静脉导管引流对100例胸腔积液患者进行治疗,观察其并发症、不良反应及疗效.结果 治疗12~28 d,100例患者均一次置管成功.临床疗效:完全缓解40例(40.0%)、部分缓解47例(47.0%)、无效13例(13.0%)、总有效率87.0%.并发症:气胸1例、出血2例、感染1例、胸膜反应3例、疼痛3例、皮下气肿2例、脱管1例、并发症发生率13.0%.结论 经中心静脉导管引流治疗胸腔积液的临床疗效显著,值得临床推广应用.%Objective To explore the clinical curative effect of central venous catheter drainage in treating pleural effusion.Methods 100 cases with pleural effusion were treated by the central venous catheter drainage.The curative effect,complications and adverse reactions were observed.Results Ater treatment for 12 ~ 28d,catheter drainage of 100 patients were all successful at the first time.The clinical effect:completely relieve 40 cases(40.0%),clinical partial remission 47 cases(47.0%),inefficient 13 cases (13.0%),and the total effective rate was 87.0%.There were some complications:pneumothorax 1 case,hemorrhage 2 cases,infection 1 case,pleural reaction 3 cases,pain 3 cases,subcutaneous emphysema 2 cases and take off the tube 1 case,the incidence rate of complications was 13.0%.Conclusion Central venous catheter drainage in t.reating pleural effusion has significant curative effect,which is worthy of clinical application.

  11. 中心静脉置管易被忽略的感染因素分析与对策%Easily ignored factors of central venous catheter-related infection and countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张黎明; 王黎梅; 步惠琴; 张美琪

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze the easily ignored factors for central venous catheter-related infection (CVC-RI)and to seek certain strategy.METHODS The easily ignored factors of CVC-RI of 63 cases in ICU and geriatric wards of the two hospitals were analyzed with retrospective analysis method and prospective intervention method.Certain solutions were proposed.RESULTS The CVC-RI incidence of 279 cases who got central venous catheter from Jan to Jul in 2009 was 10.39 %, and the CVC-RI incidence of 264 cases who got central venous catheter from Jan to Jul in 2008 was 23.86 %, the difference of CVC-RI incidence in the two groups was statistically significant.CONCLUSION Paying close attention and strengthening the catheter puncture operation and daily care for puncture site can significantly reduce the incidence of CVC-RI.%目的 分析中心静脉置管相关性感染(CVC-RI)易被忽略的危险因素及进行环节上的改进.方法 采用回顾性调查分析和前瞻性干预的方法,对2所医院ICU、老年病区2008年63例CVC-RI患者进行原因分析,查找易被忽略的危险因素,提出对策,并与2009年1月起加强了环节管理后的CVC-RI结果进行统计分析.结果 2009年1-7月实施中心静脉穿刺279例患者发生CVC-RI29例,发生率10.39%,2008年同期置管的264例患者发生CVC-RI63例,发生率23.86%,两组感染率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 关注并加强置管操作和穿刺部位日常护理中的环节管理,能有效降低CVC-RI的发生率.

  12. 126例中心静脉导管在血液净化中的临床应用%Application of central venous catheter in hemodialysis in 126 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖琼; 李靖; 杨元媛; 韩志武

    2011-01-01

    Objective To discuss the complications and treatment of applying central venous catheter in hemodialysis by observing its application condition. Methods The clinical data of 126 patients with central venous catheter applied in hemodialysis were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively including 25 cases of long-term dual-lumen catheters and 101 cases of temporary dual-lumen catheters. The related complications and treatments were analyzed. Results The common complications occurred during catheterizations included inadvertent arterial puncture in 11 cases (8.73 % ) and ecchymoma in 6 cases (4.76%) while the complications of catheterizations included inadequate blood flow in 24 cases (19.04%) ,catheter related infection in 23 cases(18.25% ) ,local bleeding in 15 cases( 11.90% ) and catheter inadvertent withdrawal in 3 cases (2.38 % ). Above complications were recovered without recurrences after taking corresponding treatments. Conclusion Attention should be paid to the central venous catheter related complications. Improving technology, strengthening nursing care and taking timely treatment are the key points to prevent catheter functional failure.%目的 通过观察中心静脉留置导管在血液透析中使用状况,探讨中心静脉导管相关并发症及处理方法,改善血液透析患者预后.方法 回顾性分析126例使用中心静脉置管维持性血液透析患者的临床资料.其中25例为长期双腔导管,101例为临时双腔导管,分析中心静脉导管的相关并发症与处理效果.结果 置管过程中的常见并发症有:误穿动脉11例(8.73%)、皮下血肿6例(4.76%).导管留置并发症有:血流量不足24例(19.04%),导管相关感染23例(18.25%),穿刺部位渗血15例(11.90%),导管意外脱落3例(2.38%).以上并发症均在给予相应的处理后痊愈,未留下相关后遗症.结论 中心静脉导管相关并发症值得临床重视,提高置管技术,加强导管护理,及时处理是防范导管失功能的关键.

  13. Reduction in catheter-related infections after switching from povidone-iodine to chlorhexidine for the exit-site care of tunneled central venous catheters in children on hemodialysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paglialonga, Fabio; Consolo, Silvia; Biasuzzi, Antonietta; Assomou, Jolanda; Gattarello, Elisabetta; Patricelli, Maria Grazia; Giannini, Alberto; Chidini, Giovanna; Napolitano, Luisa; Edefonti, Alberto

    2014-10-01

    Only a few studies have investigated the optimal exit site management of tunneled central venous catheters (CVCs) in pediatric patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD). The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of chlorhexidine solutions and a 5% povidone-iodine solution on the incidence of CVC-related infections in children on HD. The incidence of exit-site infection (ESI), tunnel infection (TI), and bloodstream infection (BSI) was assessed in two groups of tunneled CVCs. The iodopovidone group consisted of 14 CVCs used between 1 January 2011 and 30 June 2012 in 10 children, whose median age at the time of CVC placement was 11.8 years (range 1.2-19.2): 5% povidone-iodine was used for CVC exit-site care. From 1 August 2012 to 31 January 2014, 0.5% chlorhexidine gluconate/70% isopropyl alcohol was used for the exit site, and 2% chlorhexidine gluconate/70% isopropyl alcohol spray for the hub in 13 CVCs was used in 10 patients (chlorhexidine group), whose median age at the time of CVC placement was 10 years (range 1.2-19.2). Ten episodes of ESI were diagnosed in the iodopovidone group (incidence 3.4/1000 CVC days), and only one in the chlorhexidine group (incidence 0.36/1000 CVC days, P = 0.008). One TI was observed in the iodopovidone group (0.34/1000 CVC days), and none in the chlorhexidine group. The incidence of BSIs decreased from 1.7/1000 CVC days (5 cases) to 0.36/1000 CVC days (1 case, P = 0.06) after switching to chlorhexidine. Two CVCs were lost due to CVC-related infections in the iodopovidone group, whereas no CVC was lost due to infections in the chlorhexidine group. In comparison with 5% povidone-iodine, the use of chlorhexidine gluconate was associated with a reduction in the incidence of ESI, TI, and BSI in children on HD.

  14. DELAYED BILATERAL HYDROTHORAX AFTER CENTRAL VENOUS CATHERIZATION: A CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Arpana; Moses Charles D; Kutappa; Deepa

    2014-01-01

    : Central venous catheterization is a common procedure in anesthetic management of patients undergoing major surgery or care of critically ill patients. Delayed complication such as hydrothorax, hydromediastinum or cardiac tamponade is extremely rare with a few case reports. We report a case of bilateral hydrothorax due to migration of the tip of the central venous catheter from within the vein into the mediastinum following subclavian vein catheterization.

  15. Effect of Ultrasound-Guided Placement of Difficult-to-Place Peripheral Venous Catheters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Partovi-Deilami, Kohyar; Nielsen, Jesper; Moller, Ann M

    2016-01-01

    ) with ultrasound. Procedure time was reduced from 20 to 10 minutes, discomfort was unchanged, and the median number of skin punctures decreased from 3 to 2. The incidence of central venous catheter placement dropped from 34% to 7%. Implementation of a training program and a mobile service in which nurse...... operated by nurse anesthetists for these patients. This prospective observational study with a pre/post design focused on inpatients with DIVA referred for PVC placement, a service provided by nurse anesthetists in most Scandinavian hospitals. The rate of success, procedure time, number of skin punctures......, discomfort, catheter size, location, and incidence of central venous catheter placement are reported before and after implementation of a training program and a mobile service using ultrasound to place difficult-to-place PVCs. The success rate increased from 0% (0 of 33 patients) to 83% (58 of 70 patients...

  16. Analysis of Risk Factors of Central Venous Catheter-related Bloodstream Infection%中心静脉导管相关血流感染的危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴庆华; 傅小云

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To explore the risk factors and prevention points of central venous catheter(CVC)-related bloodstream infections(CVC-RBI). [Methods] Clinical data of 25 patients with catheter-related infection caused by central venipuncture in critical care medicine department of affiliated hospital of Zunyi medical college were analyzed retrospectively. The types and characteristics of pathogens of patients were analyzed by the culture at distal end of the catheter and blood culture or the secretion culture at outlet of the catheter. [Results ] Among 25 patients with catheter-related infection, 4 cases were infection at the tip of the catheter, 3 cases were infection at the outlet and 18 cases were catheter-related bloodstream infection. The patient's age and sex had no relation with the infection rate( P >0. 05). Catheter time was positively correlated to infection(R = 0. 32). When catheter time was less than one week, the infection rate was 0. When catheter time was less than or equal to one week and less than one month, the infection rate was 24%. When catheter time was less than or equal to one month, the infection rate was 76%. There were significant differences among groups( P <0. 05). [Conclusion]The incidence of CVC-BSI increases with the increasing of catheter time, and is related with various of operations and the patient's status.%[目的]探讨中心静脉导管(CVC)引发的导管相关性血流感染(CVC-RBI)的危险因素及预防要点.[方法]回顾性分析遵义医学院附属医院重症医学科25例中心静脉穿刺患者发生导管性感染的资料,并通过导管末端培养与血培养,或通过导管出口部位分泌物培养,分析患者病原菌种类和特点.[结果]25例导管相关性感染患者中,导管尖端部位感染4例,出口部位感染3例,导管相关性血流感染18例.患者的年龄和性别与感染率无关( P >0.05).置管时间与感染发生率呈正相关(R=0.32 ).置管时间<1周,感染发生率为0;≤1

  17. 经外周中心静脉置管常见并发症及防治%Complications of peripherally inserted central venous catheter and its prevention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童莉; 邹碧荣

    2010-01-01

    @@ 经外周静脉穿刺置入中心静脉导管(peripherallyinserted central catheter),简称PICC[1],是指经外周静脉(肘正中静脉、贵要静脉、头静脉)穿刺置入的中心静脉导管.PICC能够安全地输注刺激性药物,保护血管,减轻痛苦,为患者提供一条无痛性输液通路[2].

  18. A RARE CASE OF A MALPOSITIONED CENTRAL VENOUS CATHE TER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasquinha Vinay

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: A Malpositioned Central Venous Catheter is a common but serious complication of central line placement 1-2 .However malpositioning into the contralateral subc lavian is extremely unusual. The authors describe a case in which a cat heter is inserted via a right sided infraclavicular approach and malpositions itself into the contralateral subclavian vein.

  19. [Tunnelled central venous line-associated infections in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension treated with intravenous prostacyclin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boucly, Athénaïs; O'Connell, Caroline; Savale, Laurent; O'Callaghan, Dermot S; Jaïs, Xavier; Montani, David; Humbert, Marc; Simonneau, Gérald; Sitbon, Olivier

    2016-01-01

    Intravenous prostacyclins are a valuable treatment for patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension, leading to improved exercise capacity, haemodynamics, quality of life and survival. Unfortunately, due to the short half-life of these drugs, they need to be administered continuously through central venous catheters. Despite aseptic technique, regular dressing changes, tunneled central venous catheters and patient education, patients are exposed to central venous catheter associated infections. These infections cause significant morbidity and mortality. The clinical presentation, microbiology, consequences and management of these central venous catheter associated infections in pulmonary arterial hypertension patients treated with intravenous prostacyclins are discussed.

  20. ICU中心静脉导管相关性感染的危险因素分析%Risk factors of central venous catheters associated infection in geriatric internal ICU

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓小玲; 梅桂萍; 刘娟; 李艳梅; 林哲婉; 肖俊

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨老年ICU中心静脉导管相关性感染(CRI)的发生率及其相关危险因素. 方法 回顾性分析行中心静脉插管的66例患者CRI的发生率,同时对患者CRI可能相关的25个因素进行多因素logistic回归分析,寻找与CRI相关的危险因素. 结果 66例患者插管143次,共发生CRI 46例次,CRI发生率为32.17%、千导管日感染率为28.57‰;丧失自理能力、置入三腔导管为发生老年内科ICU患者CRI的危险因素(OR值分别为3.066、1.778). 结论 老年内科ICU患者CRI的发生率高,而丧失自理能力、置入三腔导管者更易于发生CRI,尽量避免不必要的三腔静脉导管的留置、严格无菌操作和加强护理是降低该人群CRI发生率的关键.%OBJECTIVE To investigate the incident rate of central venous catheters related infection (CRI) in the geriatric internal intensive care unit and the related risk factors. METHODS The incident rate of CRI of 66 patients admitted to geriatric internal intensive care unit with venous catheter was calculated. And twenty-five possible CRI-related factors were analyzed with multivariate Logistic regression. RESULTS A total of 143 venous catheters were inserted to central venous of 66 patients admitted to the geriatric internal intensive care unit. The total incidence rate of CRI was 32.17%, the day infection rate was 28. 57%. And the loss of self-care ability and the catheter with three lumens were two independent risk factor of CRI in elder patients with critical illnesses (odd ratio equals to 3. 066 and 1. 778 respectively). CONCLUSION The incidence rate of CRI in geriatric internal intensive care unit is high. The elder patients who lost the ability of self-care and with three-lumen catheter is vulnerable to CRI. Preventing the unnecessary plantation of catheter with 3 lumens and strictly keeping the rules of sterile operation and improving nursing work are the key measures to reduce the incident rate of CRI in elder patients.

  1. Warfarin for improvement the cuffed central venous catheter dysfunction and clinical analysis%华法令对于带涤纶套中央静脉导管功能不良的改善及临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤小芳; 严连喜; 李康峰; 石平; 王成双; 孔若曦; 严宁; 周玉坤

    2016-01-01

    目的 观察口服华法令对于因血栓及纤维蛋白鞘而至涤纶套中央静脉导管置入后功能不良的改善并行临床分析.方法 59例带卡夫隧道导管患者,分为A组(28例)口服华法令1.5~3mg/d抗凝,对照组B组(31例)口服阿司匹林100mg/d抗凝,两组常规普通肝素封管.记录导管透析中血流量、回血静脉压,记录透析前后尿素氮、肌酐、超滤等,计算透析尿素清除指数,评估透析效果,定期检测非透析状态下国际标准化比值.比较导管留存时间、导管中位留存时间,并观察两组出血、导管相关性血流感染等并发症.观察一年时间.结果 A、B两组透析前后肌酐、尿素氮水平变化存在统计学差异,A组尿素清除指数均达标,A、B两组透析中血流量、回血静脉压比较存在统计学差异.A、B两组透析后比较肌酐、尿素氮水平、尿素清除指数以及国际标准化比值也存在统计学差异,且两组导管留存时间亦存在统计学差异.A组国际标准化比值维持在(2.00±0.93)之间,A、B两组未见出血、导管相关性血流感染并发症.结论 带卡夫中央静脉导管置后常规口服中等剂量华法令抗凝配合肝素封管较口服阿司匹林更能改善因血栓及纤维蛋白鞘而至导管功能不良,延长导管留存时间,且并发症少.但本研究样本量偏少,观察时间偏短,仍需进一步临床验证以证实口服华法令在带卡夫隧道导管置入后临床安全性及有效性.%Objectives To observe the improvement of warfarin for cuffed central venous catheter dysfunction due to thrombus and fibrin sheath and to carry on the clinical analysis.Methods 59 patients with cuffed central venous catheter were divided into group A (28 cases) and control group B (31 cases),patients in the group A were given warfarin 1.5 ~3mg/d,and patients in the control group B were given aspirin 100mg/d.The heparin was used to sealed tube in two groups.Catheter hemodialysis

  2. Placement of an implantable central venous access device

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Tae Hoon; Lee, Young Suk [Dan Kook Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of). Hospital

    1998-03-01

    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of placement of a central venous catheter with infusion port into the superior vena cava. Central venous catheters with a infusion port were implanted in 21 patients (M:F=4:17, age range:15-63, mean age: 41) diagnosed as suffering from breast cancer (n=9), lymphoma (n=7), thymoma (n=2) rhabdomyosarcoma(n=2) and rectal cancer (n=1). The per(n=9), lymphoma(n=7), thymoma (n=2) rhabdomyosarcoma (n=2) and rectal cancer (n=1). The peripheral portion of the subclavian vein was punctured under fluoroscopic guidance during injection of contrast media at the site of the ipsilateral peripheral vein (20 cases) and under ultrasonographic guidance (1 case). 9.6F central venous catheters placed in the superior vena cava via the subclavian vein and the connected infusion ports were implanted in the subcutaneous pocket near the puncture site of the right anterosuperior chest wall. Radiologic placement under fluoroscopic guidance of a central venous catheter with a infusion port is easy, safe and useful for patients requiring long-term venous access. (author). 21 refs., 2 figs.

  3. Analysis of Applying of Central Venous Catheter in the Treatment of 300 Cases with Pleural Effusion%中心静脉导管在胸腔积液治疗中的应用300例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范昭豪; 邓亮; 戴武强

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of the central venous catheter and traditional transthoracic needle in the thoracic puncture treatment of patients with pleural effusion,and to provide the basis for the central venous catheter replacing traditional transthoracic needle in the treatment of patients with pleural effusion in primary hospital. Method:A total of 300 cases with pleural effusion in our hospital from March 2010 to March 2013 were randomly divided into the treatment group and the control group,150 cases in each group.The treatment group was given single lumen central venous catheter for thoracic puncture and the control group was given traditional thoracentesis package thoracic puncture needle for thoracic puncture.The differences of puncture time,incidence of pneumothorax,wound infection rate,hospitalization time of puncture,single liquid pumping success rate and tuberculous pleural effusion hospitalization expenses between the two groups were observed and compared.Result:The puncture time and wound infection rates of the two groups were compared,the differences were not statistically significant(P>0.05).But the incidence of pneumothorax and the number of hospitalization pleural puncture in the treatment group were significantly less than those in the control group,the differences were statistically significant(P0.05)。但治疗组的气胸发生率和住院期间穿刺次数均明显少于对照组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。且治疗组的单次抽液成功率明显高于对照组,结核性胸腔积液患者住院费用明显少于对照组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:中心静脉导管行胸腔穿刺抽液治疗可减少气胸发生率,减少抽液次数,单次成功率高,住院费用低,值得在基层医院推广应用。

  4. 单腔中心静脉导管在浆膜腔积液中的应用体会%The Effect Of Central Venous Catheter In Pleural Effusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜杰

    2011-01-01

    目的 通过对比研究的方法探讨单腔中心静脉导管在浆膜腔积液中的应用较传统方法之优势.方法 选取我科自2007年1月至2010年11月收治的经单腔中心静脉导管闭式引流和传统穿刺抽液术的浆膜腔积液患者242例,并从中随机抽取明确诊断结核性胸膜炎的病例各40例进行疗效、胸液吸收、费用等情况对比.结果 闭式引流组在胸液吸收时间、操作次数、住院总费用均少于抽液组,组间差异有统计学意义;引流组不良反应、并发症和形成包裹例数明显少于胸穿组.结论 单腔中心静脉导管在浆膜腔积液中的应用效果明显优于传统胸腔穿刺抽液术.%Objective To confer the effect of central venous catheter in pleural effusion through method of comparative analysis. Methods 242 patients with chest drains by the central venous cathete and by the traditional puncture from January of 2007 to November of 2010 were selected, random selection both 40 patients from tuberculous pleurisy,then analysis effect,absorption and expenses. Result The chest drains treatment group was less than the traditional puncture treatment group in time of absorption, times of puncture and expenses of being in hospital, discrepancy had statistical meaning. The chest drains treatment group was much less than the traditional puncture treatment group in untoward effect and complication. Conclusion The effect of central venous catheter in pleural effusion was better than the traditional puncture.

  5. 结核性心包炎行中心静脉导管引流的整体护理%Holistic Nursing Care of Tuberculosis Pericarditis Central Venous Catheter Drainage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂炜娟; 张宏考

    2011-01-01

    目的:总结结核性心包炎行中心静脉导管引流的整体护理经验,提高护理质量,减少并发症发生.方法:对我院接诊的11例以心包填塞为首发症状的结核性心包炎患者实施中心静脉导管引流术并心包腔内注射尿激酶、异烟肼、阿米卡星等药物配合全身抗痨治疗,整个治疗过程护理人员给予精心的全程护理.结果:经过治疗及护理所有病人入院时症状均消失,置管一次性成功,无并发症发生,无缩窄性心包炎发生,患者均能积极的配合治疗及护理,取得满意效果.结论:中心静脉导管引流术治疗结核性心包炎效果可靠,治疗过程中配合精心的全程护理,可取得满意效果.%Objective: to summarize the overall nursing experience of tuberculosis pericarditis central venous catheter drainage, improve the quality of nursing and reduce complications. Methods: apply central venous catheter drainage to 11 patients with tuberculosis pericarditis and inject urokinase, isoniazid and amicacin in pericardial cavity. Nurses take elaborate care in the whole course. Results: after treatment and nursing, symptoms of patients disappear, insertion is success at one time; no complications and constrictive pericarditis occur; the patients can actively cooperate with treatment and nursing. The results are positive. Conclusion: the central venous catheter drainage is reliable in treating tuberculous pericarditis; supported with elaborate care in the course of treatment, the treatment effect is satisfied.

  6. Effect of Quality Control Circle Activity on Reducing Central Venous Catheter Infection Rate in Hemodialysis Patients%品管圈活动在降低血液透析患者中心静脉置管感染率中的效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑海兰; 张锦玉

    2016-01-01

    目的:探究品管圈活动在降低血液透析患者中心静脉置管感染率中的效果。方法分析吉林省延边大学附属医院(延边医院)血液透析使用中心静脉置管的患者实施品管圈活动前后中心静脉置管感染率。结果品管圈活动后中心静脉置管感染发生率为3.54%,低于活动前的10.61%(P<0.05)。结论通过品管圈活动分析中心静脉置管感染的主要原因并进行针对性改善,可降低导管感染率。%ObjectiveTo explore the effect of the quality control circle activity in reducing the rate of central venous catheter infection in hemodialysis patients. Methods We analyzed the infection rate of central venous catheter before and after hemodialysis in patients with hemodialysis using central venous catheter in the affiliated hospital of yanbian university.Results The incidence of central venous catheter infection was 3.54%,which was significantly lower than that of the 10.61% before the activity. Conclusion Through the analysis of the main causes of the central venous catheter infection and targeted improvement,the catheter infection rate can be reduced.

  7. Nursing Care of Patients with Tracheotomy Treated by Central Venous Catheter Inserted in Different Sites%气管切开患者不同部位中心静脉导管置管护理观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱丽芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective To study the difference and clinical significance of patients with tracheotomy treated by central venous catheter inserted in different sites. Methods A total of 75 cases with tracheotomy from February 2012 to February 2014 were divided into three groups: subclavian vein group (group A), jugular vein group (group B) and femoral vein group (group C). 25 in each group. We compared the significance in success rates, complications, hematoma and exudate of puncture site, catheter tube jam, catheter emerge, central venous catheter-related infection (CVC-RI) and dressing change rates among all the groups. Results There was no significant difference of success rates and complications among all the groups (P>0.05), but group A was better than the other two groups in the targets (P<0.05). Central venous catheter was easier to emerge in group B compared with group A and group C (P<0.05). Conclusion Subclavian vein catheter way in the patients with tracheotomy has lower CVC-RI rate, and was easier for nursing care, so it was the first selection in the patient after tracheotomy.%目的:探讨气管切开患者不同部位中心静脉置管差异及临床意义。方法收集苏州大学附属第一医院2012年02月~2014年02月收治的75例气管切开患者临床资料,随机分为锁骨下静脉置管组(A组)、颈内静脉置管组(B组)、股静脉置管组(C组),每组25例。分别对穿刺成功率、并发症、穿刺部位血肿、渗液、导管堵管、脱出、导管相关感染、敷料更换频率等指标进行观察,比较各组之间差异。结果各组患者穿刺成功率及并发症差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),其余各指标A组显著低于B、C两组,具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。其中B组患者导管更易脱出,与A、C两组差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论气管切开患者选择锁骨下静脉置管具有较低的导管相关感染发生率,且便于护理治疗,应作为首选置管途径。

  8. Application of central venous catheter in hemodialysis in 2 000 cases%中心静脉导管在血液净化中的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晨; 黄静; 李艳春; 刘婧; 申珅

    2014-01-01

    目的 通过观察中心静脉长期、临时留置导管在血液透析中使用状况,探讨中心静脉导管相关并发症及处理方法,改善血液透析患者预后.方法 回顾性分析2 000例使用中心静脉长期、临时置管维持性血液透析患者的临床资料.其中500例为长期双腔导管,1 500例为临时双腔导管,分析中心静脉导管的相关并发症与处理效果.结果 置管过程中的常见并发症有:误穿动脉11例(0.55%)、皮下血肿6例(0.3%).导管留置并发症有:血流量不足24例(1.2%),导管相关感染23例(1.15%),穿刺部位渗血15例(0.75%),导管意外脱落3例(0.15%).以上并发症均在给予相应的处理后痊愈,未留下相关后遗症.结论 中心静脉导管相关并发症值得临床重视,提高置管技术,加强导管使用维护,及时处理是防范导管失功能的关键.%Objective To discuss the complications and treatment of applying central venous catheter in hemodialysis by observing its application condition.Methods The clinical data of 2 000 patients with centralvenous catheter applied in hemodialysis were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively including 500 cases of long-term duallumen catheters and 1 500 cases of temporary duallumen catheters.The related complications and treatments were analyzed.Results The common complications occurred during catheterizations included inadvertent arterial puncture in 11 cases (0.55%) and ecchymoma in 6 cases (0.3%),while the complications of catheterizations included inadequate blood flow in 24 cases (1.2%),catheter related infection in 23 cases (1.15%),local bleeding in 15 cases (0.75%) and catheter inadvertent withdrawal in 3 cases(0.15%).Above complications were recovered without recurrences after taking corresponding treatments.Conclusion Attention should be paid to the central venous catheter related complications.Improving technology,strengthening nursing care and taking timely treatment are the key

  9. 中心静脉导管相关性感染因素分析及护理研究进展%Advances in Central Venous Catheter-related Infectious Agents Analysis and Nursing Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马俊; 胡纨青; 方丽

    2010-01-01

    @@ 1962年美国Dudfick等首先将锁骨下静脉导管技术应用于长期TPN支持治疗[1].近30年来,随着中心静脉导管(central venous catheter,CVC)的更新换代、插管技术的普及,中心静脉置管越来越成为救治危重症患者的重要手段,并已广泛用于长期输液、肿瘤化疗、静脉营养、血液动力学监测等患者.

  10. 中心静脉导管引流恶性胸腔积液的临床护理分析%Central Venous Catheter Drainage in Clinical Nursing Analysis of Malignant Pleural Effusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    粟利; 高丽英

    2016-01-01

    Objective The forty-six cases of patients with malignant pleural effusion indwelling central venous catheter, and clinical care points to explore the advantages of central venous catheter drainage of the chest.Methods A retrospective analysis was collected in our department from January 2013 to January 2014 in 72 cases of breast cancer occur in patients with lung cancer and malignant pleural effusion were randomly divided into a treatment group 46 cases and a control group of 26 cases. The control group gives closed thoracic drainage. The treatment group received central venous catheter drainage.Results The patients were successfully completed treatment, serious complications have occurred in the treatment group pleural effusion total effective rate 80.00%remission, KPS score higher and quality of life of patient’s progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) significantly prolonged.Conclusion Patients with malignant pleural effusion indwelling central venous catheter with a minimally invasive advantages, through the reasonable clinical nursing science which can significantly reduce the chances of infection and the clinical care is worth attention.%目的:通过46例恶性胸腔积液患者留置中心静脉导管引流,探讨中心静脉导管行胸腔引流的优势及临床护理要点。方法采用回顾性分析的方法,收集我科2013年1月至2014年1月的72例肺癌及乳腺癌患者出现恶性胸水的患者,随机分为治疗组46例和对照组26例,对照组给予胸腔闭式引流术;治疗组给予中心静脉导管引流。结果治疗组患者均顺利完成治疗,未发生严重得并发症,治疗组胸水缓解总有效率达80.00%,生活质量KPS评分较高,患者无进展生存期(PFS)和总生存期(OS)明显延长。结论恶性胸腔积液患者留置中心静脉导管引流具有微创的优势,通过临床合理、科学的护理,可明显降低感染概率,值得临床护理的重视。

  11. Central vein perforation during tunneled dialysis catheter insertion: principles of acute management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pua, Uei

    2014-10-01

    Central venous perforation during dialysis catheter insertion is a potentially fatal complication. Prompt recognition and judicious initial steps are important in optimizing the outcome. The purpose of this manuscript is to illustrate the imaging features and steps in initial management.

  12. 心胸外科围手术期患者中心静脉导管感染因素分析%Analysis on the factors to perioperative patients with central venous catheter in cardiothoracic surgery department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵辉; 梁冰; 王豪杰; 施巩宁

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析心胸外科围手术期患者中心静脉导管感染因素并采取有效措施。方法回顾性分析320例患者的中心静脉导管留置情况并进行调查。结果留置中心静脉导管最长23 d,最短4 d,平均时间8.3 d,导管尖端进行细菌培养,20例培养出葡萄球菌,56例培养出真菌,4例培养出葡萄球菌合并真菌。结论严格无菌操作,仔细观察,合理使用抗生素,正确选择穿刺部位,定期更换敷料及接头,可以有效预防感染的发生。%ObjectiveTo investigate the infection factors of central venous catheter(CVC) and lookfor measures to deal with infection of perioperative patients with CVC.MethodsRetrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 320 patiets who were placed CVC in cardiothoracic surgery department.ResultsThe longest position time of CVC was 23 days, the shortest position time was 4 days, with an average time of 8.3 days. Bacterial culture of the catheter tip was took place when CVC was pulled out from central venous, 20 cases were found staphylococcus, 56 cases were found fungus, 4 cases were found both staphylococcus and staphylococcus. ConclusionStrict aseptic operation, careful observation, rational use of antibiotics, correct selection of puncture, periodically changed dressings and connectors, can effectively prevent the occurrence of the infection.

  13. 中心静脉导管留置时间与血行性感染的相关性分析%The Correlation Analysis of Central Venous Catheter Retention Time and Catheter Related Bloodstream Infection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐艳; 常勇杰; 徐红炜; 张振; 胡波

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨中心静脉导管(CVC)留置时间与导管相关性血行感染(CRBSI)的相关性。方法:收集2010年2月-2014年2月本院1086例使用过CVC的患者资料,分析CVC留置1~7 d、7~14 d、14~21 d、21~28 d和≥28 d几个不同时间段CRBSI的发病率,并对CRBSI患者不同年龄段、性别、CVC留置时间和CVC置管处皮肤细菌数做统计学分析。结果:1086例使用过CVC的患者中共发生了352例CRBSI,CVC留置1~7 d、7~14 d、14~21 d、21~28 d和≥28 d CRBSI的发病数分别为65例(5.98%)、69例(8.84%)、143例(13.17%)、198例(18.23%)和352例(32.41%)。CVC留置≤3 d比3~7 d CRBSI发病率有显著性升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),≥28 d比3~28 d CRBSI发病率也有显著性升高,差异有统计学意义(P=0.04)。另外患者年龄≥60岁、CVC经皮穿刺置管和CVC置管处皮肤细菌数≥100 CFU/10 cm2也是导致CRBSI的重要因素。结论:CVC留置的前3天和后28天是CRBSI发生的高峰时间,CRBSI的发生与患者年龄大和置管处皮肤细菌数多有关。%Objective: To investigate the correlation of central venous catheter (CVC) retention time and catheter related b1oodstream infection (CRBSI).Method: A total of 1086 patients who were treated with CVC in our hospital were selected from February 2010 to February 2014,the CRBSI incidence of 1086 patients in different time periods of indwelling CVC 1-7 d, 7-14 d, 14-21 d, 21-28 d and ≥28 d were analysed,the CRBSI of different ages,gender, CVC retention time and the number of skin bacteria of indwelling CVC were statistical analysed.Result: There were 352 cases of CRBSI in 1086 patients who used CVC, CRBSI incidence were respectively 65 cases (5.98%), 69 cases (8.84%), 143 cases (13.17%), 198 cases (18.23%) and 352 cases (32.41%) in indwelling CVC 1-7 d, 7-14 d, 14-21 d, 21-28 d and≥28 d.The CRBSI incidence of indwelling CVC ≤3 days has increased significantly than 3 to

  14. Risk factors of obstruction of central venous catheter in intensive care unit%ICU患者中心静脉导管堵塞的危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈少珍; 成守珍; 冼文彪; 许继晗; 邱秀娉

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the risk factors of obstruction of central venous catheter(CVC)in the intensive care unit(ICU). Methods One hundred and thirty-three adult patients in ICU with CVC were included in the study. The difference of the position of catheters, duration of indwelling catheters,selection of sealing solution,blood platelet(PLT)count,prothrombin time(PT),international normalized ratio(INR),activated partial thromboplatin time(APTT),thrombin time(TT)and fibrinogen(FBG)were studied between two groups of patients(with and without the obstruction of CVC).Results In 117 cases,there were no catheter obstruction,accounting for 88.0%. Catheter obstruction occurred in 16 cases,accounting for 12.0%,10 cases of which the catheters were partially blocked,accounting for 7.5%and in 6 cases completely blocked,accounting for 4.5%.There were significant differences in the duration of indwelling catheters,PLT and FBG levels between the two groups of patients(all P0.05).Conclusion Prolonged time of indwelling CVC,high levels of PLT and clotting fibrinogen are the risk factors of the obstruction of CVC in ICU patients.%目的:探讨重症加强治疗病房(intensive care unit,ICU)中心静脉置管(central venous catheter,CVC)堵塞发生情况及其危险因素。方法由专人负责调查本院ICU 133例CVC患者发生堵塞情况;比较发生CVC堵塞与无发生CVC堵塞组患者置管部位、留置导管日、选择的封管液、血小板计数(blood platelet,PLT)、凝血酶原时间(prothrombin time,PT)、国际标准化比值(international normalized ratio,INR)、活化部分凝血活酶时间(activated partial thromboplatin time,APTT)、凝血酶时间(thrombin time,TT)和纤维蛋白原(fibrinogen,FBG)的差异。结果导管通畅117例,占88.0%;发生导管堵塞16例,占12.0%,其中部分堵塞10例,发生率为7.5%,完全堵塞6例,发生率为4.5%。中心静脉导管堵塞发生与导

  15. Central venous access: techniques and indications in oncology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marcy, Pierre-Yves [Antoine Lacassagne Anticancer Research Institute, Department of Radiodiagnostics and Interventional Radiology, Nice, Cedex 1 (France)

    2008-10-15

    Long lines can be inserted centrally or peripherally through patent veins into the central venous system down to the atrial caval junction. Traditionally surgeons, anesthetists, cardiologists and more recently interventional radiologists have been placing them using vein cutdown or percutaneous needle puncture techniques. Typical candidates for implanted venous catheters are cancer patients undergoing long-term chemotherapy. The most important issues, in addition to the patency of central veins and the history of previous indwelling catheters, pacewires or venous thrombosis, are the patient's performance status, body mass index, medical history and respiratory status, and the relevant technique. The present article will give an overview of the radiological and surgical implantation techniques and will highlight the impact of imaging means on the technical feasibility, assessment and treatment of device-related complications. (orig.)

  16. Immediate complications of percutaneous central venous cannulation in children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dheer, Geetika; Chaudhry, Gurmeet Kaur; Singh, Tejinder

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To study the incidence of immediate complications associated with percutaneous central venous catheterization. Materials and Methods: A total of 103 central venous catheters were inserted in 70 children over a period of 18 months, governed by a uniform protocol. Sixty-three percent of the catheters were inserted in neonates, 23.3% in infants and 13.6% in children between 1 and 12 years of age. Statistical Analysis Used: Software SPSS version 15. Results: There were a total of 41 insertion-related immediate complications, of which 75.6% were in neonates. Neonatal age, hemodynamic instability and more number of attempts to catheterize the vein had a higher risk of insertion-related problems. There was no mortality directly as a result of the procedure. Conclusion: In our practice, it was observed that complications were fewer with increasing familiarity with the procedure. Hence, percutaneous central venous catheterization is a safe procedure when performed in experienced hands. PMID:22121313

  17. Immediate complications of percutaneous central venous cannulation in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geetika Dheer

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the incidence of immediate complications associated with percutaneous central venous catheterization. Materials and Methods: A total of 103 central venous catheters were inserted in 70 children over a period of 18 months, governed by a uniform protocol. Sixty-three percent of the catheters were inserted in neonates, 23.3% in infants and 13.6% in children between 1 and 12 years of age. Statistical Analysis Used: Software SPSS version 15. Results: There were a total of 41 insertion-related immediate complications, of which 75.6% were in neonates. Neonatal age, hemodynamic instability and more number of attempts to catheterize the vein had a higher risk of insertion-related problems. There was no mortality directly as a result of the procedure. Conclusion: In our practice, it was observed that complications were fewer with increasing familiarity with the procedure. Hence, percutaneous central venous catheterization is a safe procedure when performed in experienced hands.

  18. Poor value of surveillance cultures for prediction of septicaemia caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci in patients undergoing haemodialysis with central venous catheters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, J; Kolmos, H J; Rosdahl, V T

    1998-01-01

    Surveillance cultures for the demonstration of coagulase-negative staphylococci in patients on catheter haemodialysis were performed in an attempt to predict dialysis catheter-related septicaemia. In all, 43 patients with 67 haemodialysis catheters were followed for a 1-y period. Once a week, swab...... specimens were obtained from the skin at the insertion site and the hub, and blood cultures were obtained from the catheter. Among coagulase-negative staphylococci, S. epidermidis was the most frequently (80%) isolated species, and two biotypes accounted for 55.7% of the 41 biotypes isolated. 11 septicaemia...... cases due to coagulase-negative staphylococci occurred, all caused by S. epidermidis, and the incidence of S. epidermidis septicaemia was 21% among patients and 16% among catheter periods. S. epidermidis septicaemia occurred in 17%, 31% and 33% of all catheter periods in which S. epidermidis...

  19. The Use of a Low-Concentration Heparin Solution to Extend the Life of Central Venous Catheters in the African Green Monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-11-28

    rhesus macaques developed catheter-related septice- mia, and antibiotic therapy and catheter removal was required to resolve the bacteremia.2 Materials ...the internal jugular vein from the remainder of the vascular bundle. A trocar was used to cre- ate a subcutaneous tunnel from the cervical surgery...site, over the right shoulder, to a point in the center of the back, where a small incision was made to expose the trocar tip. The catheter was

  20. Effects of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) on the internal jugular venous catheter in elderly patients%PICC导管在长期留置深静脉导管高龄老年患者中的应用效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张沁芸; 夏文兰; 严炜红

    2011-01-01

    目的 观察peripherally inserted central catheter(PICC)导管在长期留置深静脉导管高龄老年患者中的应用效果及并发症.方法 收集80岁及以上需要长期留置深静脉导管的高龄患者132例.按穿刺途径不同分为两组:PICC导管组(n=72)和颈内静脉组(n=60 ).结果 PICC导管留置时间较颈内静咏组显著延长,分别为(146.84±100.46)d和(36.60±35.61)d,两组相比差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).PICC导管组导管相关性感染和滑脱分别为2例和1例.均较颈内静脉组(10例和9例)显著减少(均P<0.05).结论 高龄老人可应用PICC导管,留置时间长,安全性好,并发症少,值得临床上推广应用.%Objective To observe the intubation effects and complications of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in elderly patients. Methods 132 patients with age ≥ 80-year-old underwent the long-term intravenous therapy. The patients were divided into two groups by different insertion methods: 72 patients in the PICC group and 60 patients in the internal jugular venous catheter group. Results Compared with internal jugular venous catheter group, PICC group had a longer time of intubation (146.84+100.46 days vs 36.60+35.61 days, .P<0.01), and a lower rate of catheter-related infection (2 vs 10, P<0.05) and a lower incidence of catheter slippage (1 vs 9, P<0.05). Conclusion PICC has longer time of intubation, higher safety and less complication, which is a recommendable technique in the elderly patients.

  1. Risk factors for central venous catheter-associated infections in ICU%ICU 中心静脉导管相关性感染的危险因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莎莎; 尚积玉; 高尚; 杨淑香; 刘运喜; 杜明梅; 陈会波

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the risk factors for central venous catheter‐associated infections so as to provide guidance for clinical control of central venous catheter‐associated infections .METHODS The clinical data of 3 320 patients who underwent central venous catheterization in different intensive care units (ICUs) from Jan 2012 to Jun 2013 were retrospectively analyzed ,then the risk factors for the central venous catheter‐associated infections were investigated ,and the univariate chi‐square test and the multivariate logistic regression analysis were per‐formed .RESULTS The infections occurred in 98 of 3 320 patients who underwent the central venous catheterization with the infection rate of 2 .95% ,among whom 38 .78% were in the ICUs of respiratory department ,44 .90% in the ICUs of surgery department ,9 .18% in the ICUs of neurology department .The incidence of the catheter‐asso‐ciated infections was closely associated with the no less than 30 days of ICU stay ,femoral vein catheter indwell‐ing ,non‐emergency admission to the hospital ,blood transfusion ,and no less than 30 days of hospital stay ,there was statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0 .05) .The results of the multivariate analysis indicated that the length of ICU stay no less than 30 days ,femoral vein catheter indwelling ,non‐emergency admis‐sion to the hospital ,duration of central venous catheter indwelling no less than 30 days ,time of use of ventilator no less than 30 days ,and endotracheal intubation more than two times were the independent risk factors for the in‐fections (P<0 .05) .CONCLUSION The incidence of the central venous catheter‐associated infections is closely as‐sociated with multiple factors ;it is necessary for the hospital to strengthen the protection of the patients in key de‐partments and take corresponding prevention measures against the risk factors so as to reduce the incidence of deep venous catheter

  2. 80例老年患者预防中心静脉导管感染的护理管理%Nursing Management of 80 Cases of Prevention of Central Venous Catheter Infection in Elderly Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘倩

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the analysis of elderly patients with central venous catheter infection prevention of nursing management. Methods This study selected in May 2012~August 2013 in our hospital during 80 hospitalized with deep venipuncture transfusion patients. Diseases including disease in the related departments of the various surgical and intensive care unit. To select 80 cases of hospitalized patients during hospitalization deep venipuncture infusion line center, to the position of the patients during the infusion deep venipuncture, catheter method and catheter time, catheter infections were observed. Results 80 patients in the deep venipuncture infusion treatment no related infections occur ed during the study, by family members of the nursing after discharge after infection occur ed in 6 patients. Conclusion The nursing staf in hospital system, regular nursing measures can reduce or avoid the happening of catheter infections, correct guidance after discharge from hospital family home care for patients prognosis is necessary.%目的:探讨分析老年患者预防中心静脉导管感染的护理管理。方法本次研究选取2012年5月~2013年8月在我:住:治疗的80例行深静脉置管输液的患者。疾病种类包括各个外科及重症监护室等相关科室的疾病。对选取的80例住:患者在住:治疗期间行中心深静脉置管输液,对患者在输液期间深静脉置管的位置、置管方式及置管时间、导管的感染情况进行观察。结果选取的80例患者在深静脉置管输液治疗期间均未出现相关感染情况,出:后由家属进行护理后发生6例患者出现感染的情况。结论护理人员在医:采取系统、正规的护理措施能够降低或避免导管感染的发生,在患者出:后指导家属进行正确的家庭护理对患者预后很有必要。

  3. 综合护理联合肝素封管预防中心静脉置管感染的效果观察%Effect of comprehensive nursing combined with heparin sealing in the prevention of central venous catheter infection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘国云

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of general nursing combined with heparin sealing for preventing central venous catheter infections.Method 100 cases of patients with center intravenous catheter were chosen from our hospital,and they were randomly divided into observation group and control group,control group were treated by heparin sodium sealing,observation group were used antibiotic heparin sodium sealing,all were given comprehensive nursing intervention,central venous catheter infection and type were compared between groups.Results The central venous catheter infection rate of observation group was significantly lower than control group,central venous catheter exit site infection was significantly lower than control group,with significant differences between groups (P <0.05).Conclusion The effect of general nursing combined with antibiotic heparin sealing for prevention of central venous catheter infection is significant,it significantly reduced central venous catheter port infection rate.%目的:探讨综合护理联合肝素封管预防中心静脉置管感染的效果。方法:选取中心静脉置管患者100例,采用随机数字表法将患者分为观察组和对照组。对照组患者采用肝素钠封管,观察组采用抗生素肝素钠封管,全部患者均给予综合护理干预,比较两组中心静脉置管感染及类型情况。结果:观察组中心静脉置管感染率明显低于对照组,中心静脉导管出口感染明显低于对照组,两组差异具有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论:综合护理联合抗生素肝素封管预防中心静脉置管感染效果显著,显著降低中心静脉导管口感染率。

  4. Malfunction of Totally Implantable Central Venous Ports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Background Malfunctions of totally implantable central venous ports (TICVPs have become a problem, as the usage of TICVPs has increased enormously. Objectives This study evaluated factors related with catheter malfunctions of TICVPs. Patients and Methods Between January 2010 and June 2012, 1,740 TICVPs in 1,740 patients (874 men and 866 women with an average age of 57.7 ± 12.8 years (range: 15 - 91 years were implanted by an interventional radiology team at our institute. Catheter malfunctions were retrospectively analyzed. In the prospective study, we randomly allocated 176 patients to two kinds of TICVPs in a 1:1 assignment ratio. The primary outcome was the malfunction of TICVPs. Results In the retrospective study, the 32 malfunctioning TICVPs were caused by fibrin sheath formations (n = 15, chamber thrombosis (n = 8, TICVP rotation (n = 5, catheter migration (n = 2, and blood clots within the catheters (n = 2. Multivariate analysis showed that being female was a significant factor for poor patency rates of TICVPs (hazard ratio: 5.06; 95% confidence interval (CI 1.32 - 19.46, P = 0.018. In the prospective study, two chamber thromboses occurred in Celsite® (n = 1 and Humanport® (n = 1. The primary patency rates of both Celsite® and Humanport® were 98.9% at 6 months, respectively. Conclusion Our data suggest that catheter malfunctions of TICVPs are more common in females than males. The incidence of TICVP malfunctions does not differ between the two devices (Celsite® vs. Humanport®.

  5. Central venous line complications and tip detection

    OpenAIRE

    Ameneh Rezaee Gheshlaghi; Hamid Zamani Moghadam Dolu; Elham Pishbin; Maryam Salehi

    2015-01-01

    Central venous line is one of a creative instrument that saves human’s life in critical medical situation. Central venous line access is frequently involved in the disease management. It is used for rapid fluid therapy, transvenous pacemakers, infusion of some medications, hemodialysis or plasmapheresis and etc. Most of the emergency departments have some staffs that are trained for central venous line insertion but related complications occur during central venous line placement.Central veno...

  6. Sagittal vein thrombosis caused by central vein catheter.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feridoun Sabzi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Cerebral venous thrombosis, including thrombosis of cerebral veins and major dural sinuses, is an uncommon disorder in the general population. However, it has a higher frequency among patients younger than 40 years of age, patients with thrombophilia, pregnant patients or those receiving hormonal contraceptive therapy or has foreign body such as catheter in their veins or arterial system. In this case report, we described clinical and radiological findings in a patient with protein C-S deficiency and malposition of central vein catheter.

  7. Erroneous laboratory values obtained from central catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, J B; Messina, M

    1991-01-01

    Serious analytic errors in potassium measurements have been identified in blood specimens obtained from newly inserted central catheters. Erroneous elevated readings have been related to interactions of chemistry analyzer electrodes and substances fixed to external and intraluminal walls of the central catheter. Anecdotal summaries of this phenomenon are presented to enable the nurse to recognize potential problems when sampling blood from central catheters. Studies were performed to determine the amount of flush necessary to clear the catheter of interfering residue. To eliminate this potentially hazardous occurrence, recommended flush volumes, nursing implications, and actions are described.

  8. 肿瘤患者PICC导管相关静脉血栓形成影响因素Meta分析%Risk factors of venous thromboembolism associated with peripherally inserted central catheters among cancer patients:a

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于瑞; 陈利芬

    2016-01-01

     目的:综合分析肿瘤患者PICC导管相关静脉血栓形成的危险因素,为预防PICC导管相关静脉血栓形成提供理论依据。方法:计算机检索Web of Science、PubMed、Cochrane Library、OVID EBM Reviews、 CNKI、万方数据、CBM及VIP,并辅以手工检索、文献追溯等方法收集符合标准的文献,采用Stata 12.1软件进行合并分析。结果:纳入符合标准的文献6篇,合计样本量1277例,其中血栓组253例,对照组1024例,血栓发生率为19.81%。Meta分析结果显示,化疗史、糖尿病、高血压、COPD、活动量减少与PICC导管相关静脉血栓形成有关。结论:化疗史、糖尿病、高血压、COPD、活动量减少是PICC导管相关静脉血栓形成的危险因素。%Objective: To analyze the risk factors of venous thromboembolism associated with peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) among cancer patients, and to provide theoretical basis for prevention venous thromboembolism associated with PICC among cancer patients. Methods: We searched the related papers from the Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, OVID EBM Reviews, CNKI, Wan Fang Databases, CBM and VIP. The Stata 12.1 software was used to conduct the meta-analysis. Results: Six studies were included in the study. The sample size was 1277 with 253 cases in venous thromboembolism group and 1024 cases in control group. The incidence rate of venous thromboembolism associated with PICC was 19.81%. Meta-analysis showed that the risk factors were history of chemotherapy, diabetes, hypertension, COPD, and less activity. Conclusion: The risk factors of venous thromboembolism associated with PICC among cancer patients are history of chemotherapy, diabetes, hypertension, COPD, and less activity.

  9. Optimal positioning of right-sided internal jugular venous catheters: Comparison of intra-atrial electrocardiography versus Peres′ formula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshi Anish

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Central venous catheters are routinely placed in patients undergoing major surgeries where expected volume and hemodynamic disturbances are likely consequences. The incorrect positioning may give false central venous pressure (CVP readings leading to incorrect volume replacement and other serious complications. 50 American Society of Anaesthesiologists grade II-IV patients aged 18-60 years were selected for right-sided internal jugular vein (IJV catheterization using Seldinger′s technique. In group A, central venous catheterization was done under electrocardiography (ECG guidance. In group B, the catheter was inserted blindly using Peres′ formula of "height (in cm/10". The position of the tip of central venous catheter was confirmed radiologically by postoperative chest X-ray. 92% of patients in group A had radiologically correct positioning of catheter tip i.e. above the carina, while in group B 48% patients had over-insertion of the catheter in to the right atrium. Intra-atrial ECG technique to judge correct tip positioning is simple and economical. It can determine the exact position intraoperatively and can justify a delayed postoperative chest X-ray to confirm CVC line tip placement.

  10. Infecções em cateteres venosos centrais de longa permanência: revisão da literatura Infection of long-term central venous catheters: review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milton Alves das Neves Junior

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cateteres venosos de longa permanência são amplamente utilizados em pacientes com necessidade de acesso venoso por período prolongado. A infecção relacionada a esses cateteres permanece um desafio na prática clínica. Revisamos a literatura acerca da epidemiologia e tratamento das infecções relacionadas a cateteres. Staphylococcus aureus é a bactéria mais comumente isolada. Os cateteres semi-implantáveis apresentam taxas de infecção maiores que os totalmente implantáveis. O tratamento pode ser feito com locks, antibioticoterapia sistêmica e até mesmo com retirada do cateter, dependendo do tipo de infecção, do microrganismo isolado e das condições clínicas do paciente. O salvamento do cateter deve ser tentado sempre que possível.Long-term venous catheters are widely used in patients with needs of venous access for prolonged periods. The infection related to these catheters remains a challenge in clinical practice. We reviewed the literature about infection epidemiology and treatment related to catheters. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common isolated bacteria. Tunneled catheters present higher infection rates than implanted ports. Treatment may consist in the use of locks, systemic antibiotics, and even catheter removal, depending on the kind of infection, the isolated microorganism, and the patient's clinical conditions. Catheter salvation should be tried whenever possible.

  11. Central line infections - hospitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... infection; Central venous catheter - infection; CVC - infection; Central venous device - infection; Infection control - central line infection; Nosocomial infection - central line infection; Hospital acquired ...

  12. 综合护理对中心静脉导管并发症的干预作用%INTERVENTION EFFECT OF COMPREHENSIVE CARE ON CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETER RELATED ;COMPLICATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆树敏; 穆树林; 刘晶; 柴囡; 史素丽; 尚秀娟; 程爱斌

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨综合性护理对中心静脉导管相关并发症的干预作用。方法选取2013年6月—2015年6月在我院留置中心静脉导管患者256例为研究对象,采用对照研究,将2013年7月—2014年6月的126例作为对照组,2014年7月—2015年6月的130例为干预组。干预组患者实施综合性护理,对照组给予常规护理,对二组患者导管留置期间的并发症和健康教育的效果进行比较,并评价患者对护理工作的满意度。结果干预组导管破损率为6.9%、导管阻塞率为8.4%、导管移位脱出率为0.8%、导管相关性感染率为9.2%、导管相关性血栓形成率为3.8%、静脉炎率为6.9%均明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P <0.05);干预组对导管相关知识和维护技能的掌握程度及对护理的依从性显著高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P <0.05);干预组和对照组对护理工作的满意度分别为94.6%和80.2%,两者比较差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论通过综合护理干预可以降低导管相关并发症的发生率,提高患者对导管知识和维护技能的掌握程度及对护理的依从性和满意度。%Objective To evaluate the intervention effect of comprehensive care on central venous catheter related complications.Methods A total of 256 patients with indwelling central venous catheter were se-lected in author's hospital as the research subjects from July 2013 to June 2015.Among them,126 cases were as the control group in July 2013 to June 2014,other 130 cases were as the intervention group in July 2014 to June 2015.The patients in the intervention group were given comprehensive care,while the control group received basic nursing.Catheter-related complications in patients with two groups were compared. The health education master degree and satisfaction of nursing work for all the subjects were evaluated.Re-sults In the intervention group,the rate of catheter breakage was 6.9%,catheter blocking 8.4%,cathe-ter

  13. Predictors of Venous Thromboembolic Events Associated with Central Venous Port Insertion in Cancer Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Hohl Moinat

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Insertion of central venous port (CVP catheter in the cancer population is associated with increased incidence of venous thromboembolic events (VTE. However, trials have shown limited benefit of antithrombotic treatment to prevent catheter-related venous thrombosis. This prospective observational cohort study was designed to assess the incidence of VTE closely related to CVP implantation in patients with cancer and undergoing chemotherapy, and to identify a high risk subgroup of patients. Between February 2006 and December 2011, 1097 consecutive cancer patients with first CVP implantation were included. Catheter-related VTE were defined as deep venous thrombosis in the arm, with or without pulmonary embolism (PE, or isolated PE. The incidence of CVP-associated VTE was 5.9% (IC95 4.4–7.3% at 3 months, and 11.3% (IC95 9.4–13.2% at 12 months. The incidence of any VTE was 7.6% (IC95 6.0–9.3% at 3 months, and 15.3% (IC95 13.1–17.6% at 12 months. High Khorana risk score and lung cancer were significant predictors of 3 month VTE. In conclusion, this large cohort study of patients with first CVP catheter implantation confirms the high incidence of VTE associated with the CVP implantation and allow identifying high risk patients who may benefit from thromboprophylaxis.

  14. Case report of a cervical intraspinal misplacement of a central venous line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, Martin B; von Bruchhausen, Carla; Müller-Forell, Wibke; Klein, Klaus U; Oertel, Joachim

    2011-12-01

    A case of cervical spinal misplacement of a central venous line via the right jugular vein is reported. A review of the literature resulted in eight similar cases. Only two further adults are described. Children and patients suffering from malnutrition seem to have a higher risk for intraspinal malpositioning of central venous catheters.

  15. Etiological analysis and prevention of central venous catheter related infections%中心静脉导管相关感染的病原学分析与预防

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凤梅; 蔡益民; 任丽霞

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the distribution of pathogens and routes of infection for central venous catheter-related infections, and thereafter to provide the basis for clinical prevention. Methods Randomly select-ed 52 patients that catheter tip culture results were positive, all the patients come from a same hospital in Jilin province, and then conducted a retrospective analysis of the data. Results There are 82 pathogenic bacteria ap-peared in the experiment among the 52 infected patients. The major pathogenic bacteria were G+ (65/82 or 79.27%), G-bacteria (16/82 or 19.51%)and Fungi (1/82 or 1.22%).The route of infection is consist of catheter ex-traluminal pathogens planting, catheter connector and cavity pathogens planting, blood flow propagating. Conclu-sion Strengthen the education and training of medical staff and take positive and effective prevention measures can reduce the infection.%目的:探讨中心静脉导管相关感染的病原菌分布及感染途径,为临床预防提供依据。方法:选取吉林省某三甲医院神经外科导管尖端培养结果阳性的52例患者进行回顾性分析。结果:52例感染病例中培养出细菌82株,其中G+菌65株占79.27%,G-菌16株占19.51%,真菌1株占1.22%;导管的腔外致病菌种植、导管接头和导管腔内致病菌种植、血流播散为感染途径。结论:加强医护人员的教育培训,采取积极有效的预防措施可降低导管相关感染。

  16. Comparison between radiation exposure levels using an image intensifier and a flat-panel detector-based system in image-guided central venous catheter placement in children weighing less than 10 kg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miraglia, Roberto; Maruzzelli, Luigi; Cortis, Kelvin; Gerasia, Roberta; Maggio, Simona; Luca, Angelo [Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services, Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (ISMETT), Palermo (Italy); Piazza, Marcello [Department of Anesthesia, Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (ISMETT), Palermo (Italy); Tuzzolino, Fabio [Department of Information Technology, Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (ISMETT), Palermo (Italy)

    2014-09-10

    Ultrasound-guided central venous puncture and fluoroscopic guidance during central venous catheter (CVC) positioning optimizes technical success and lowers the complication rates in children, and is therefore considered standard practice. The purpose of this study was to compare the radiation exposure levels recorded during CVC placement in children weighing less than 10 kg in procedures performed using an image intensifier-based angiographic system (IIDS) to those performed in a flat-panel detector-based interventional suite (FPDS). A retrospective review of 96 image-guided CVC placements, between January 2008 and October 2013, in 49 children weighing less than 10 kg was performed. Mean age was 8.2 ± 4.4 months (range: 1-22 months). Mean weight was 7.1 ± 2.7 kg (range: 2.5-9.8 kg). The procedures were classified into two categories: non-tunneled and tunneled CVC placement. Thirty-five procedures were performed with the IIDS (21 non-tunneled CVC, 14 tunneled CVC); 61 procedures were performed with the FPDS (47 non-tunneled CVC, 14 tunneled CVC). For non-tunneled CVC, mean DAP was 113.5 ± 126.7 cGy cm{sup 2} with the IIDS and 15.9 ± 44.6 cGy . cm{sup 2} with the FPDS (P < 0.001). For tunneled CVC, mean DAP was 84.6 ± 81.2 cGy . cm{sup 2} with the IIDS and 37.1 ± 33.5 cGy cm{sup 2} with the FPDS (P = 0.02). The use of flat-panel angiographic equipment reduces radiation exposure in small children undergoing image-guided CVC placement. (orig.)

  17. Detection of central venous catheters when using storage phosphor radiography in intensive-care radiology. Erkennbarkeit zentralvenoeser Katheter bei Einsatz der digitalen Lumineszenzradiographie in der intensivmedizinischen Radiologie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galanski, M.; Prokop, M.; Thorns, E.; Oestmann, J.W.; Reichelt, S.; Haubitz, B.; Milbradt, H.; Graeser, A.; Schaefer, C. (Medizinische Hochschule, Hannover (Germany). Abt. Diagnostische Radiologie); Verner, L. (Medizinische Hochschule, Hannover (Germany). Abt. Anaesthesiologie 1)

    1992-01-01

    The aim of the following study was to assess the impact of dose alterations on the detection of catheters. We compared the performance of well-exposed conventional and digital portable chest radiographs in the detection of thin catheters and tested the influence of dose alterations. Portable chest radiographs of 20 patients were obtained with conventional film/screen (FR) and with storage phosphors at 50% (SR{sub L}), 100% (SR{sub N}), and 250% (SR{sub H}) of the conventionally required exposure dose. The region of the mediastinum was subdivided into an average of 18 fields, 50% of which were superimposed with thin catheter segments. ROC analysis of 11 600 observations by 8 readers found only SR{sub H} equivalent to FR in catheter visualisation. Performance decreased significantly with SR{sub N} and SR{sub L}. Detection of low contrast catheters was found to be significantly decreased in storage phosphor radiographs obtained with standard exposure dose. A dose reduction is not feasible with current equipment if performance equivalent to conventional radiography is to be achieved. (orig.).

  18. Causes of central venous catheter-related infections after cardiac surgery and intervention measures%心脏术后中心静脉导管感染的原因分析及干预措施的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭舒婕; 王晓敏; 张瑜; 张艳丽

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze the causes of central venous catheter-related infections after the cardiac surgery and to explore the intervention countermeasures. METHODS A total of 100 patients who underwent cardiac surgery were selected, and all the patients underwent the central venous catheterization. RESULTS Of the 100 patients investigated, the central venous catheter-related infections occurred in 22 patients with the infection rate of 22. 0% , including 6 cases of Staphylococcus epidermidis infections, 5 cases of S. aureus infections, 4 cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae infections, 3 cases of Enterococcus faecalis infections, 1 case of Acinetobacter baumannii infection, 1 case of Enterobacter cloacae infection, 1 case of Candida albicans infection, and 1 case of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. The infections disappeared after being given appropriate antibiotics on the basis of drug susceptibility testing. The incidence rate of the central venous catheter-related infections in the patients with less than 50 years of age was 12. 5%, and 26. 5% of the patients with more than 50 years, the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). The infection rate of the patients without complications was 9. 1 % , and 28. 3% of the patients with complications, the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). The infection rate of the patients with the subclavian vein as puncture site was 17. 8%. and 21. 8% of the patients with internal jugular vein as the puncture site, the difference was not statistically significant. The infection rate of the patients with the joints and sealing solution optimized was 17. 6%, the conventional 37. 5%, the difference was statistically significantP<0. 05). The infection rate of the patients with dual-chamber was 21. 4% , 27. 3% of the patients with three-cavity, the difference was not statistically significant. The infection rate of the patients with the catheterization duration less than 7 days was 9. 1% , 20. 1% of the patient with the

  19. Adequate X-ray control of central and peripheral vena cava catheters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bostel, F.; Schmidt, C.

    1985-06-01

    Central venous catheters are frequently used not only in intensive care patients. Attention is drawn to the possible displacements of catheters and to the need for correct radiological control of the catheter position. Since unrecognized extravascular position of the catheter is followed by serious complications s.e. tension pneumothorax and infusions into the pleural cavity or the mediastinum, adequate X-ray control has to be carried out with simultaneous administration of contrast medium. Correction of displaced catheters should be done under fluoroscopy.

  20. Central Vein Preservation in Critical Venous Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, J; Paul, A; Patel, S; Davenport, M; Ade-Ajayi, N

    2016-08-01

    Introduction The lack of suitable veins in children with critical central venous access requirements is a major obstacle to optimal care and is potentially life-threatening. We present outcomes following the use of vein-preserving (VP) surgical techniques, notably the sheath exchange for tunneled lines (SETL). Materials and Methods A retrospective, single observer analysis of a prospectively maintained departmental logbook as well as the medical records of patients. Two broad groups of central line replacements were identified; those inserted following removal of a previous line and a traditional "plastic-free" (PF) period and those exchanged without such an interval. Results Overall, 19 lines were directly exchanged during the study period and compared with 34 inserted after a PF period. Similar catheter life spans and infection rates were demonstrated in each group; 125 (range, 78-173) days in VP exchanges versus 122 (range, 70-175) days in PF replacements (p = 0.41). Line Sepsis resulting in removal or change of line occurred at 103 (range, 60-147) days in VP group versus 104 (range, 45-164) days in PF (p = 0.73). Conclusion For children with critical venous access requirements, direct line exchange procedures are a robust and reproducible means of vein preservation. The outcomes compare favorably with those following the more traditional removal, a PF period and reinsertion.

  1. 心内心电图下三种路径置入中心静脉导管的应用研究%Applied Research of Central Venous Catheter Via Three Pathways under the Intravenous Electrocardiogram

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟美琴; 逯豫霞; 赵砚丽; 吕从改

    2012-01-01

    Objective To discuss the use of central venous catheter under the intravenous electrocardiogram (IVECC). Methods 150 adult patients who would undergo selective operation of central venous catheterizations in general anesthesia were randomly divided into three groups, group A, B and C (n =50). Patients in group A received dexter internal jugular vein catheter-ization, patients in group B received dexter subclavian vein catheterization and in group C the dexter subclavian vein punctured and catheterization were performed. IVECC monitoring technology was applied in the three groups. We recorded the data of Lmax, Lact, Lpre and the value of Lmax - Lact and Lpre - Lmax respectively. The anteroposterior position of the X-ray examination after operation was taken to judge whether the catheter was in the right place or not. The standard of over-deep or ectopic for atrium dextrum was Lpre - Lmax ≥0.5 cm. Results 146 patients underwent paracentesis successfully, and 4 patients including one from group A, one from group B and two from group C failed in paracentesis. The average indexes of Lmax - Lact and Lpre - Lact were (2.4 ± 0.3) cm and(2.1 ±0.8)cm respectively in the 146 patients. There were 22 patients with Lpre -Lmax≥0. 5 cm (15.07% ) , including 7 patients in group A, 8 patients in group B and 7 patients in group C. The typical change was catheter tip being located at superior vena cava according to chest X-ray film postoperative. According to the results of IVECG and chest X-ray film, the patients with Lpre -Lmax≥0.5 cm canal were located in atrium dextrum and catheter placement coincidence rate was 100%. Conclusion IVECC assisted central venous catheter is easy to perform, does not have radio-active contamination and can replace X-ray examination.%目的 探讨在心内心电图(IVECG)辅助下置入中心静脉导管的可行性.方法 选择拟在全麻下行择期手术需放置中心静脉导管的成年患者150例,随机分为A、B、C3组,每组50例,

  2. Infecciones relacionadas con el catéter venoso central en pacientes con nutrición parenteral total Central venous catheters-related infections in patients with parenteral nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Seisdedos Elcuaz

    2012-06-01

    related to central venous catheters (CVC are complications with a high prevalence and possible serious consequences. Administration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN is a risk factor, although the information available for these patients and conventional inpatient units is scarce. Objective: To determine the rate of catheter-related bacteremia (CRB in patients with TPN and to identify possible relationships with administration route or place of insertion, to determinate the current situation and identify possible preventive measures. Method: Prospective-observational study of 13 months. All adult patients who received TPN were included. Infection rate used was the CRB per 1,000 days of CVC. Results: 176 CVC were registered in 159 patients. In 47% of CVC, vein access was jugular vein, despite being a location of greatest risk of infection. In critically ill patients, which followed a zero bacteremia project, there was no cases of infection. In other patients, bacteremia rate was 13.10 per 1,000 days of CVC. The average time elapsed between catheter insertion and infection was 11 days (range: 4-22 and the most frequent species were S. epidermidis (38% and S. hominis (19%. Discussion: In our environment there is a high rate of BRC in non-critical patients, with a high proportion of CVC in locations with higher risk of infection, despite not having found in the sample a higher rate of infection depending on the access route. Place of insertion, operating room face ward, is related to a lower rate of BRC. Measures to standardize clinical practice may reduce its incidence. The zero bacteremia project is confirmed as a highly effective method.

  3. Long-term central venous lines and their complications; Langfristige zentralvenoese Zugaenge und deren Komplikationsmanagement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teichgraeber, U.K.M.; Gebauer, B. [Klinik fuer Strahlenheilkunde, Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin (Germany); Benter, T. [Charite Campus Buch im Helios Klinikum Berlin, Robert-Roessle-Klinik, Berlin (Germany); Wagner, J. [Medizinisches Zentrum fuer Radiologie, Klinikum der Philipps-Univ. Marburg (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    The implantation of permanent (>14 days) central venous catheters is constantly increasing, accelerated by a trend toward outpatient therapies. Subcutaneous tunneled and non-tunneled catheters as well as port systems are available. The interventional radiologist plays an important role in the implantation of central venous catheters as well as in detection and treatment of any complications. Various access ways via peripheral and central veins are described and the implantation techniques for the different systems explained. The use of peel-away sheaths allows the radiologist to implant subcutaneous tunneled catheters via the Seldinger technique without surgical preparation. Procedure-related early and late complications may occur, and the radiologist plays an important role in the surveillance and management of catheter-associated complications. This review demonstrates the different catheter systems and implantation techniques. (orig.)

  4. Percutaneous retrieval of dislodged totally implantable central venous access system in 92 cases: Experience in a single hospital

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, C.-C.; Tsai, T.-N. [Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Yang, C.-C. [Department of Medicine, Armed Forces Tao-Yuan General Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Han, C.-L. [Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: allexll.cheng@msa.hinet.net

    2009-02-15

    Objective: To investigate the clinical presentation of dislodged totally implantable central venous access system (central venous port-catheter) fragments and the efficacy and safety of percutaneous retrieval of them in our hospital. Materials and methods: Ninety-two cancer patients, mean age of 53.8 years old with 51.1% male, were enrolled from January 2005 to March 2007. They were referred to our catheterization laboratory for retrieval of fractured central venous port-catheter in our hospital. All patients were followed in the outpatient department for at least 1 month after surgical insertion. The characteristics of disrupted central venous port-catheter were recorded. The procedure-related clinical condition was evaluated. Results: The most common presentation of central venous port-catheter dislodgement is irrigation resistance to infusion (51/92). The most common location of fractured fragments is between superior vena cava and right atrium (i.e. proximal end remained in superior vena cava and distal end in right atrium) (22/92). The most common fracture site of the catheter is at the anastomosis between injection port and catheter (77/92). The retrieval set used mostly is loop snare. The success rate of the percutaneous retrieval of dislodged fragment was 97.8% and the complication rate was 3.3% only. Conclusion: The faulty connection between catheter and injection port contributes mainly to dislodgement of central venous port-catheter. Percutaneous retrieval of dislodged catheter is a highly successful, safe and efficient method.

  5. Bilateral pleural effusion after central venous catheterization- A rare complication.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reyaz Ahmed Para

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Central venous Catherization (CVC is rarely complicated by pleural effusion. It is usually due to malpositioned catheter. Our patient was a 35-year-old man admitted with Menningoencephalitis.A cervical central vein catheter was placed into his right jugular vein after induction of anaesthesia in Emergency Room. In chest x ray we encountered bilateral pleural effusion and drained it with a chest tube. During following days the patient has daily drainage of almost 1.7 liter of clear yellowish fluid from chest tube. Fluid analysis was not diagnostic. We removed the central vein catheter and plural drainage was stopped. [Natl J Med Res 2015; 5(4.000: 329-331

  6. Central venous catheter drainage and injection of thymalfasin combined with cisplatin in treatment of malignant pleural effusion: clinical observation of 86 cases%中心静脉导管引流及注入胸腺法新联合顺铂治疗恶性胸腔积液86例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴兆成; 钟福强

    2012-01-01

    目的 观察中心静脉导管注入胸腺法新联合顺铂治疗恶性胸腔积液的疗效及不良反应.方法 选择恶性胸腔积液患者86例,胸腔中心静脉置管行闭式引流并腔内注入胸腺法新联合顺铂,每周1次.结果 总有效率为83.7%,生活质量评分提高10~20分,不良反应少.结论 中心静脉导管注入胸腺法新联合顺铂治疗恶性胸腔积液,疗效肯定,不良反应轻.%Objective To observe central venous catheter and injecting thymalfasin combined with cisplatin in treatment of malignant pleural effusion curative effect and adverse reaction. Methods 86 patients with malignant pleural effusion, pleural cavity central venous catheter closed drainage and intraperi-cardial injection of thymalfasin combined with cisplatin, 1 times a week. Results the total effective rate was 83. 72% , the score of life quality to improve 10-20, fewer adverse reactions. Conclusions central venous catheter and injecting thymalfasin combined with cisplatin in treatment of malignant pleural effusion has definite curative effect, and adverse reaction to light.

  7. NURSING CARE IN PATIENTS NEONATES WITH PERIPHERALLY INSERTED CENTRAL CATHETER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anacilda Oliveira Vieira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The PICC (peripherally inserted central catheter is a long flexible catheter which is inserted through a peripheral vein, progresses through a needle introducer until the final portion of the vena cava, acquiring characteristics of a central catheter. Objective: To point out the main theoretical and scientific ideas that demonstrate the reliability, competence and ability of nurses to perform the PICC. Methodology: Systematic review of articles, which were found by searching the database scientific journals and bibliographies area. Results: The success of integration depends on the patient assessment and choice of venous access where the catheter will be positioned, and its tip should be in the middle third of the superior vena cava, or the middle third of the inferior vena cava. In neonates, which are used more frequently, proper positioning of the catheter is through nursing care in making the dressing, and the first 24 hours it should be compressive. Ideally, the PICC remains in the vein for periods longer than seven days or until the end of treatment, thus decreasing invasive procedures. Conclusion: According to the Federal Board of Nursing (COFEN, it is lawful for the insertion of PICC nurses, provided it has undergone professional training.

  8. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) with spontaneous pneumothorax the curative effect of central venous catheter pleural closed drainage through research%慢性阻塞性肺病合并自发性气胸通过中心静脉导管胸腔闭式引流的疗效研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘书明

    2015-01-01

    Objective Central venous catheter pleural exploration and comparison analysis and thick silica gel catheter closed drainage in the treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) with spontaneous pneumothorax.Methods 100 cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with central venous catheter group of 50 cases with spontaneous aerosols are divided into thick silica gel catheter group of 50 cases, the comparative analysis of two groups of clinical treatment effect and the incidence of adverse reactions.Results Postoperative incidence of adverse reactions of central venous catheter group was lower than that in group thick silica gel catheter (P< 0.05) and significant difference.Conclusions Choose plan of central venous catheter pleural closed drainage diagnosis and treatment of copd with spontaneous pneumothorax patients clinical effect is satisfactory.%目的:探索和对比分析中心静脉导管胸腔闭式引流和粗硅胶导管治疗慢性阻塞性肺病合并自发性气胸患者的临床效果。方法:100例慢性阻塞性肺疾病合并自发性气胸患者分为中心静脉导管组50例与粗硅胶导管组50例,对比分析两组的临床治疗效果和不良反应发生率。结果:术后的不良反应发生率中心静脉导管组明显低于粗硅胶导管组(P<0.05),差距有显著性意义。结论:选用中心静脉导管胸腔闭式引流诊疗方案治疗慢阻肺合并自发性气胸患者临床效果满意。

  9. The Experience of Nursing Intervention to Prevent Central Venous Indwelling Catheter Loss in Patients Receiving Hemodialysis%护理干预预防血液透析患者中心静脉留置导管失功的体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管菊梅

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析护理干预对预防血液透析患者中心静脉留置导管失功的作用。方法选取我院2013年3月~2015年3月51例血液透析患者,均使用中心静脉留置导管,为预防导管失功采取护理干预,分析其效果。结果51例患者共实施814例次血液透析治疗,共发生各类留置管失功32例次(3.9%),均经针对性护理干预完成治疗,未发生感染等并发症。结论护理干预可有效预防血液透析中心静脉留置导管失功,保障血透治疗正常进行。%Objective To analysis the effect of nursing intervention on the prevention of central venous indwelling catheter in hemodialysis patients. Methods Selected 51 cases of patients with hemodialysis from March 2013 to March 2015, were used central venous indwelling catheter, taken nursing intervention to prevent catheter failure, and analyzed the effect. Results 51 patients were treated with hemodialysis in 814 times at total, and 32 (3.9%) times of Indwelling catheter failure were occurred in all kinds of indwelling tubes. All the treatments were treated by targeted nursing intervention, no complications such as infection. Conclusion Nursing intervention can effectively prevent the failure of central venous indwelling catheter in hemodialysis, and ensure the normal treatment of hemodialysis.

  10. Internal jugular versus subclavian vein catheterization for central venous catheterization in orthotopic liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torgay, A; Pirat, A; Candan, S; Zeyneloglu, P; Arslan, G; Haberal, M

    2005-09-01

    The aim of this study was to compare incidence rates of mechanical and infectious complications associated with central venous catheterization via the internal jugular vein (IJV) versus the subclavian vein (SV) among 45 consecutive patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) between January 2000 and June 2004. The subjects were divided into two groups according to the site of central venous catheterization (IJV or SV). We recorded each patient's physical characteristics, international normalized ratio (INR), partial thromboplastin time, platelet levels, number of puncture attempts, success/failure of central venous catheterization, duration of catheter placement, occurrence of catheter tip misplacement, arterial puncture, incidence of hematoma or pneumothorax, catheter-related infection, or bacterial colonization of the catheter. Senior staff anesthesiologists performed 22 SV and 23 IJV catheterizations for the 45 OLT procedures. The SV and IVJ groups both had minor coagulation abnormalities with slightly increased INR values at the time of catheterization. There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to success of central venous catheterization (100% for both), numbers of attempted punctures, duration of catheter placement, and incidence rates of mechanical and infectious complications. Both groups showed high frequencies of catheter tip misplacement, with right atrium as the site of misplacement in all cases. Two patients in the IJV group (8.7%) developed hematomas after accidental carotid artery puncture. The results suggest that, when performed by experienced anesthesiologists, central venous catheterization via the SV is an acceptable alternative to IJV catheterization for patients undergoing OLT.

  11. 老年危重症患者中心静脉导管相关性感染的危险因素分析%Risk factors for central venous catheter-related infections in elderly patients with critical diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙卫; 司琴

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To study the related risk factors of central venous catheter-related infection in the elderly patient with critical diseases. METHODS A total of 160 elderly patients with critical diseases were retrospectively analyzed. Multiple factor non-conditional logistic regression analysis was performed for the related factors that may lead to the central venous catheter-related infections. RESULTS The incidence of central venous catheter infections in 160 elderly patients with critical diseases was 35. 6%(57 cases). The incidence of central venous catheter infections was mainly related to the age,APACHEⅡ score, the site of indwelling catheter, the number of catheter cavity, intravenousalimentation treatment, the duration of indwelling catheterization and coexistence with other site infections (P<0. 05 or 0. 01); logistic regression analysis revealed that APACHEⅡ score, intravenousalimentation treatment, the duration of indwelling catheter, and coexistence with other site infections were the independent risk factors for the central venous catheter-related infections in the elderly patients with critical diseases. CONCLUSION It is necessary to develop the prevention programs and actively treat and reduce the incidence of infections in accordance with the independent risk factors for the central venous catheter-related infections in the elderly patients with critical disease so as to improve the patients' prognosis.%目的 探讨影响老年危重症患者中心静脉导管相关性感染发生的危险因素.方法 回顾性分析医院160例老年危重症患者的临床资料,对可能影响中心静脉导管相关性感染发生的因素进行多因素非条件logistic回归分析.结果 160例老年危重症患者中,发生中心静脉导管相关性感染57例,发生率35.6%;老年危重症患者中心静脉导管相关性感染的发生与年龄、APACHEⅡ评分、导管留置部位、导管腔数、是否有静脉营养操作、导管留置时间及

  12. Improving patient safety during insertion of peripheral venous catheters: an observational intervention study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kampf, Günter

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available [english] Background: Peripheral venous catheters are frequently used in hospitalized patients but increase the risk of nosocomial bloodstream infection. Evidence-based guidelines describe specific steps that are known to reduce infection risk. However, the degree of guideline implementation in clinical practice is not known. The aim of this study was to determine the use of specific steps for insertion of peripheral venous catheters in clinical practice and to implement a multimodal intervention aimed at improving both compliance and the optimum order of the steps.Methods: The study was conducted at University Hospital Hamburg. An optimum procedure for inserting a peripheral venous catheter was defined based on three evidence-based guidelines (WHO, CDC, RKI including five steps with 1A or 1B level of evidence: hand disinfection before patient contact, skin antisepsis of the puncture site, no palpation of treated puncture site, hand disinfection before aseptic procedure, and sterile dressing on the puncture site. A research nurse observed and recorded procedures for peripheral venous catheter insertion for healthcare workers in four different departments (endoscopy, central emergency admissions, pediatrics, and dermatology. A multimodal intervention with 5 elements was established (teaching session, dummy training, e-learning tool, tablet and poster, and direct feedback, followed by a second observation period. During the last observation week, participants evaluated the intervention.Results: In the control period, 207 insertions were observed, and 202 in the intervention period. Compliance improved significantly for four of five steps (e.g., from 11.6% to 57.9% for hand disinfection before patient contact; p<0.001, chi-square test. Compliance with skin antisepsis of the puncture site was high before and after intervention (99.5% before and 99.0% after. Performance of specific steps in the correct order also improved (e.g., from 7.7% to 68

  13. Central venous line complications and tip detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ameneh Rezaee Gheshlaghi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Central venous line is one of a creative instrument that saves human’s life in critical medical situation. Central venous line access is frequently involved in the disease management. It is used for rapid fluid therapy, transvenous pacemakers, infusion of some medications, hemodialysis or plasmapheresis and etc. Most of the emergency departments have some staffs that are trained for central venous line insertion but related complications occur during central venous line placement.Central venous line might have some complications and complication follow-up should be considered. Thromboembolism and infection are two important medical complications. Arterial puncture, hematoma, pneumothorax and hemothorax are mechanical Central venous line complications. Chest X-ray and some other techniques should be used for detecting these complications.Central venous line tip misplace is a considerable problem for emergency department staffs, previously chest X-ray has been used for central venous line misplace detection. In some recent studies, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and intravascular electrocardiography have been used for central venous line misplace.

  14. Risk factors for central venous catheter-related infections in patients with severe trauma and countermeasures%严重创伤患者中心静脉插管相关性感染因素的分析与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍乐乐; 程正祥; 王秀环; 马漪洁; 陈占军; 魏丽

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To discuss the risk factors for the central venous catheter-related infections in patients with severe trauma so as to provide basis for developing treatment measures of infections. METHODS A follow-up surveillance was carried out for the patients with central venous catheter-related infections from Jan. To Dec, 2009 and from Jan. To Dec. 2010. Statistical analysis of surveillance result was performed, RESULTS The major risk factors for central venous catheter-related infections included poor sterile operation, did not pay attention to intubation care, decrease in immunity and so on. After implementing targeted monitoring and a series of intervention measures, the incidence of central venous catheter-related infections dropped from 11, 9% in 2009 to 5. 4% in 2010. CONCLUSION For the risk factors of catheter-related infections in patients with severe trauma, implementing targeted interventions can significantly reduce the incidence of the catheter-related infections,%目的 对严重创伤患者中心静脉插管相关性感染因素进行分析,为制定预防治疗对策、降低感染的发生提供依据.方法 对医院2009年1-12月及2010年1-12月中心静脉插管感染患者进行随访监测,并对监测结果进行统计分析.结果 2010年开始目标监测并实施一系列干预措施后,感染发生率由2009年的11.9%下降至2010年的5.4%;无菌操作不严格、不重视插管的护理、患者免疫力下降等是引起中心静脉插管相关性感染的主要原因.结论 针对严重创伤患者中心静脉插管的感染相关性因素,采取相应的干预措施,可明显减少中心静脉插管相关性感染的发生.

  15. Multiple venous thrombosis complicating central venous cannulation in a non cancer patient - a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Ce; Menkiti, Id; Desalu, I; Thomas, Mo

    2013-01-01

    Central venous catheterization is a common procedure for critically ill patients. Like all procedures, it has its complications, one of which is thrombosis. Reports of thrombosis are commoner among cancer patients. We present a 37 year old non cancer patient who developed thrombi in both right and left internal jugular veins, 10 and 13 days respectively after insertion of central venous catheter. This was detected by ultrasound scans of the neck while attempting re-cannulation for parenteral feeding. She also had left lower limb deep venous thrombosis, confirmed by doppler scan, which was managed with low molecular weight heparin and warfarin. The patient was subsequently treated with streptokinase. A repeat scan of the internal jugular veins 4 days after thrombolysis revealed a reduction in size of the thrombi. Symptoms of deep venous thrombosis improved and she was transferred to the wards where she made remarkable improvement. This case illustrates the potential usefulness of ultrasound guided-central line insertion in patients who have had central venous lines inserted previously in order to detect thrombi.

  16. Analysis and prevention strategies of central venous catheter-related blood stream infection in the EICU patients%急诊重症患者中心静脉导管相关血流感染的分析及防控策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫泽晨; 王月芹; 周芮伊; 左书强; 裴辉; 王立萍; 刘丹丹; 王家祥; 兰超

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨中心静脉导管相关血流感染( CVCRBSIs)在EICU的防控策略。方法选取2013-01~2014-06我院EICU中心静脉置管患者165例为研究对象,并应用我院信息管理系统监测统计CVCRBSIs的情况,并总结制定相关防治措施。结果选取的中心静脉置管患者发生中心静脉导管相关感染4例,其中CVCRBSIs 3例,感染率为1.82%;静脉炎1例,感染率为0.61%。结论建立基于感染监测软件的四级防控系统等措施能够切实有效控制CVCRBSIs的发生。%Objective To discuss the prevention and treatment strategy of the central venous catheter-related blood stream infections ( CVCRBSIs ) .Methods We collected 165 patients in Emergency Intensive Care Unit ( EICU ) who have been given the central venous catheter from the Infection Monitoring software,and in order to identify the the spectrum and current infection status and prevention strategies of central venous catheter.Results There were three CVCRBSIs in four catheter-related infections among the collected cases, infection rate was 1.82%.And there was one phlebitis, infection rates was 0.61%.Conclusion The establishment of Grade-4 monitoring system based on the Infection Monitoring software and many other methods can reduce the occurrence of the CVCRBSIs.

  17. Inhibitory effect of sustained perivascular delivery of paclitaxel on neointimal hyperplasia in the jugular vein after open cutdown central venous catheter placement in rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seongyup; Kim, Younglim; Hwang, Ji Woong

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Inhibitory effect of paclitaxel on neointimal hyperplasia after open cutdown has not been elucidated. Methods For the control group (n = 16), silicone 2.7-Fr catheters were placed via the right external jugular vein with the cutdown method. For the treatment group (n = 16), a mixture of 0.65 mg of paclitaxel and 1 mL of fibrin glue was infiltrated around the exposed vein after cutdown. After scheduled intervals (1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks), the vein segment was harvested and morphometric analysis was performed on cross-sections. Results Proliferation of smooth muscle cell (SMC) was strongly suppressed in the treatment group, and the ratio of neointima to vein wall was significantly reduced in the treatment group (8 weeks; 0.63 ± 0.08 vs. 0.2 ± 0.08, P < 0.05). Luminal patency was significantly more preserved in the treatment group, and the luminal area was significantly wider in the paclitaxel-treated group compared to the control group (8 weeks; 1.91 ± 0.43 mm2 vs. 5.1 ± 0.43 mm2, P < 0.05). Mean SMC counts measured at 1 and 2 weeks after cutdown were significantly lower in the treatment group (2 weeks; 115 ± 22 vs. 62 ± 22). Paclitaxel was undetectable in systemic circulation (<10 ng/mL). Conclusion Sustained perivascular delivery of paclitaxel with fibrin glue was effective in inhibiting neointimal hyperplasia in rat jugular vein after open cutdown. PMID:28203557

  18. Central Venous Catheterization Complication: Delayed Diagnosis of Venous Perforation and Hemothorax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Bağcı

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Mechanical complications of central venous catheterization (CVC include artery puncture, vein injuries, catheter malposition (CM, pneumothorax, hemothorax, air embolism, subcutaneous hematoma and arrhythmia. This report was aimed to present the case developing hemothorax due to multilumen catheter (MLC malposition following venous perforation which is overlooked during CVC. A 21-year old female patient was planned urgent surgery due to a sharp object injury on the right arm. MLC was inserted to left internal jugular vein (IJV using the seldinger technique in the second attempt. Despite administration of erythrocyte suspension, fluid and noradrenaline infusion through the MLC, patient’s Hct did not increase, hypotension and tachycardia were continued. Catheter was not used and peripheral venous vascular access was used for replacement and infusions. Postoperatively, opacity covering the left hemithorax was detected on the chest radiograph, marked pleural effusion and pneumothorax on the left side was detected on thorax computed tomography. MLC was removed and tube thoracostomy drainage was administered. Hemorrhagic fluid was drained from thorax. Conservative treatment was deemed appropriate since stable vital signs after chest tube application. The complication rate is low and success rate is high in CVC from IJV. Malposition is rare in CVC application from right IJV than in CVC application from left IJV. There is a sharp curve in CVC from the left IJV, which frequently leads to malposition of the MLC. CM should be suspected with no aspiration of blood through catheter or aspiration of another substance such as air, chylous fluid, etc. and non-pulsatile blood flow. If dyspnea, tachycardia, tachypnea, hypotension and desaturation develop after catheter administration we should be alert.

  19. Factors Affecting Longevity of Tunneled Central Venous Cathe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Ji Won; Lee, Jong Min [Dept. of Radiology, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-12-15

    To evaluate factors which affect the longevity of tunneled central venous catheters (T-CVCs). A retrospective study was conducted on 363 T-CVCs. We evaluated the relevant factors affecting the longevity of the T-CVCs, such as age, gender, indication for catheterization, site of entry vessel, diameter and type of T-CVC, catheter tip position, and underlying diseases. Of the 363 T-CVCs which had been inserted, 331 (91%) were placed through the right internal jugular vein (RIJV). The catheter tip position was the strongest predictor for the longevity of the T-CVC. The short limb of the catheter tip placed either at the cavoatrial junction (CA junction) or below the lower margin of the right main bronchus had a good prognosis. The vessel through which the T-CVC was placed significantly influenced the longevity of the T-CVC; the RIJV was associated with better results than the left internal jugular vein. Also, a split-type catheter was significantly associated with a better result. A two distinct and separate type T-CVC placed through the RIJV in which the short limb catheter tip position was at the level of the CA junction, significantly increased the longevity of T-CVCs.

  20. Practice of quality control circle on improving qualified rate of central venous catheter maintenance%品管圈在提高中心静脉导管维护合格率中的实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁丽贞; 燕嫦

    2015-01-01

    目的:提高ICU患者中心静脉导管( CVC)维护的合格率,减少CVC留置后不良事件的发生。方法通过品管圈( Quality Control Circle,QCC)的建立,确定以“提高ICU患者中心静脉导管维护合格率”为活动主题,把握现状,设定目标,分析原因、制定及实施对策,比较QCC活动前后ICU患者CVC维护的合格率和CVC留置后不良事件的发生率。结果 QCC活动后的实验组CVC维护合格率为91.00%,与QCC活动前的对照组维护合格率78.00%比较,χ2=6.45,P<0.05,差异具有统计学意义;CVC留置后不良事件:QCC活动后的实验组5例(5.00%),与QCC活动前的对照组19例(19.00%)相比,χ2=9.28, P<0.05,差异具有统计学意义。结论运用QCC活动能明显提高CVC维护的合格率、降低CVC留置后不良事件的发生率,值得临床推广应用。%Objective To improve the qualified rate of central venous catheter ( CVC) maintenance, and to reduce the occurrence of adverse events after CVC catheter in ICU patients.Methods Setting up a quality control circle ( QCC ) activity group and designing an activity theme: 'to improving the qualified rate of CVC maintenance in ICU patients'.It is responsible for grasping situation, setting goals, analyzing reasons, creating and implementing countermeasures.Afterwards, the qualified rate of CVC maintenance and the occurrence of adverse events in the activities before and after were compared.Results After activities, the CVC maintain qualified rate of experimental group is 91%, and its rate was 78%before activities.In statistics,χ2 =6.45, P<0.05, the difference was statistically significant.In the adverse reaction, the experimental group had 5 cases (5%) after QCC, while it had 19 cases (19%) before.The contrast was stark, χ2 =9.28; P<0.05, the difference was statistically significant.Conclusions The QCC activity can significantly improve the qualified

  1. Surveillance and analysis of central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections in children with congenital heart disease after cardiac surgery%小儿先天性心脏病手术后中心静脉导管相关性血流感染调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡梅英; 陈修文; 乐萍

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the incidence of the central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections in the children with congenital heart disease (CHD) after cardiac surgery and observe the distribution of pathogens. METHODS The targeted surveillance was performed for 928 children with CHD who were treated in the cardiac ICU from Jan to Dec 2012, and the children with the indwelling catheter duration over 48 hours and the children with the extubation time less than 48 hours were selected as the study objects, then the incidence of the central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections and the isolation of pathogens were analyzed. RESULTS Totally 15 cases were diagnosed as the central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections with the incidence of 1. 62% and 3. 79/1. 000 catheter days; totally 23 strains of pathogens were isolated from peripheral vein blood and/or catheter tips, which were mainly the gram-egative bacteria, and the Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudo-monas aeruginosa and Serratia marcescens were the top three species. CONCLUSION The children with CHD are at high risk of the central-venous catheter-related bloodstream infections, it is necessary to strengthen the surveillance of the central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections in the children after cardiac surgery and take interventions so as to reduce the incidence of nosocomial infections.%目的 探讨小儿先天性心脏病(先心病)患儿术后,中心静脉导管相关血流感染(CLA-BSI)发生水平及病原菌分布特点.方法 对2012年1-12月心脏病治疗中心手术治疗的928例先心病患儿进行CLA-BSI目标性监测,将中心静脉导管留置时间>48 h或拔除导管<48 h内的先心病术后患儿作为研究对象,对CLA-BSI发生水平和病原菌检出进行分析.结果 共诊断CLA-BSI病例15例,感染率为1.62%,每千个导管日感染为3.79%;经外周静脉血或(和)中心静脉导管尖端标本共检出病原菌23株,病原菌以革

  2. Pregnancy after catheter-directed thrombolysis for acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, M; Broholm, R; Bækgaard, N

    2013-01-01

    To assess the safety and efficacy of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in pregnancy and puerperium in women with previous acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT) treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT).......To assess the safety and efficacy of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in pregnancy and puerperium in women with previous acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT) treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT)....

  3. 影响肿瘤化疗患者中心静脉置管感染因素及护理干预措施%Influencing Factors of Central Venous Catheter Infection and Nursing Intervention in Patients With Cancer Chemotherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张会会

    2016-01-01

    目的:研究并分析影响肿瘤化疗患者中心静脉置管感染因素及护理干预措施。方法收集肿瘤化疗患者86例,根据随机对照、平行、单盲的原则将其分为对照组(43例)和观察组(43例),对照组接受常规护理,观察组联合护理干预。结果观察组中心静脉置管感染发生率低于对照组,P<0.05。结论在肿瘤化疗患者的护理过程中,护理干预能够降低中心静脉置管感染的发生率,使患者更加受益。%ObjectiveTo study and analyze the influencing factors of central venous catheter infection in patients with cancer chemotherapy and nursing intervention measures.Methods 86 cases of cancer chemotherapy were colected and divided into control group(43 cases)and observation group(43 cases)according to the principle of randomized,controled,paralel and single blind,the control group received routine care,observation group combined with nursing intervention. Results The incidence of central venous catheter infection in the observation group was lower than that of the control group,P<0.05.Conclusion In the course of nursing,nursing intervention can reduce the incidence of central venous catheter infection,so that patients can benefit more from the cancer patients.

  4. The Use Of Polyurethane Transparent Film In Indwelling Central Venous Catheter Uso de la película transparente de poliuretano en el catéter venoso central de larga permanencia O uso do filme transparente de poliuretano no cateter venoso central de longa permanência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Cristina de Campos Pereira Silveira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Dressing is an intervention aimed to prevent infection in central venous catheter. This study aimed to analyze the frequency of catheter-related infection and skin toxicity in the use of transparent film in Hickman’s catheter in patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. A case series with 10 cases was carried out. Due to the presence of exudate on the average for 12 days, sterile gauze dressing was used for 12.9 days (average. Transparent film was used, on average, for 15.1 days. Catheters were precociously removed due to infection in four cases. The highest degree of skin toxicity occurred in a case that used gauze dressing and in three cases with film. The transparent film permitted visualization of the exit site of the catheter and changes with longer intervals.El curativo es una intervención que tiene por objetivo la prevención de infección en el catéter venoso central. El estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar la frecuencia de infección relacionada al catéter y la toxicidad cutánea en la utilización del curativo de poliuretano en el catéter de Hickman implantado en pacientes sometidos al trasplante de células tronco hematopoyéticas alogénicas. Para esto se realizó una serie de 10 casos. El exudado estuvo presente en promedio por 12 días, siendo necesario el uso del curativo de gasa estéril con cinta adhesiva por 12,9 días (promedio. El curativo de poliuretano fue utilizado en promedio por 15,1 días. La retirada precoz del catéter debido a surgimiento de infección ocurrió en cuatro casos. El mayor grado de toxicidad cutánea ocurrió en un caso que se utilizó el curativo de gasa y en tres casos que utilizaron la película. La película transparente permitió la visualización del sitio de salida del catéter y la realización del cambio en intervalos mayores.O curativo é intervenção que visa a prevenção de infecção no cateter venoso central. O estudo teve como objetivo analisar a

  5. Catheter venography and endovascular treatment of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandato, Kenneth; Englander, Meridith; Keating, Lawrence; Vachon, Jason; Siskin, Gary P

    2012-06-01

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disorder characterized by damage to the myelin sheath insulation of nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord affecting nerve impulses which can lead to numerous physical and cognitive disabilities. The disease, which affects over 500,000 people in the United States alone, is widely believed to be an autoimmune condition potentially triggered by an antecedant event such as a viral infection, environmental factors, a genetic defect or a combination of each. Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is a condition characterized by abnormal venous drainage from the central nervous system that has been theorized to have a possible role in the pathogenesis and symptomatology of MS (1). A significant amount of attention has been given to this theory as a possible explanation for the etiology of symptoms related to MS patients suffering from this disease. The work of Dr. Zamboni, et al, who reported that treating the venous stenoses causing CCSVI with angioplasty resulting in significant improvement in the symptoms and quality of life of patients with MS (2) has led to further interest in this theory and potential treatment. The article presented describes endovascular techniques employed to diagnose and treat patients with MS and CCSVI.

  6. Central venous catheterization: comparison between interventional radiological procedure and blind surgical reocedure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Won Gyu; Jin, Gong Yong; Han, Young Min; Yu, He Chul [Chonbuk National University Medical School, Chonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-11-01

    To determine the usefulness and safety of radiological placement of a central venous catheter by prospectively comparing the results of interventional radiology and blind surgery. For placement of a central venous catheter, the blind surgical method was used in 78 cases (77 patients), and the interventional radiological method in 56 cases (54 patients). The male to female ratio was 66:68, and the patients' mean age was 48 (range, 18-80) years. A tunneled central venous catheter was used in 74 cases, and a chemoport in 60. We evaluated the success and duration of the procedures, the number of punctures required, and ensuing complications, comparing the results of the two methods. The success rates of the interventional radiological and the blind surgical procedure were 100% and 94.8%, respectively. The duration of central catheterization was 3-395 (mean, 120) day, that of chemoport was 160.9 days, and that of tunneled central venous catheter was 95.1 days. The mean number of punctures of the subclavian vein was 1.2 of interventional radiology, and 2.1 for blind surgery. The mean duration of the interventional radiology and the blind surgical procedure was, respectively, 30 and 40 minutes. The postprocedure complication rate was 27.6% (37 cases). Early complications occurred in nine cases (6.7%): where interventional radiology was used, there was one case of hematoma, and blind surgery gave rise to hematoma (n=2), pneumothorax (n=2), and early deviation of the catheter (n=4). Late complications occurred in 32 cases (23.9%). Interventional radiology involved infection (n=4), venous thrombosis (n=1), catheter displacement (n=2) and catheter obstruction (n=5), while the blind surgical procedure gave rise to infection (n=5), venous thrombosis (n=3), catheter displacement (n=4) and catheter obstruction (n=8). The success rate of interventional radiological placement of a central venous catheter was high and the complication rate was low. In comparison with the blind

  7. 中心静脉导管胸腔置管护理博客的建立与效果%Establishment and effect of the blog of the nursing care for central venous catheter thoracostomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷小燕; 张桐花; 谢华琴; 袁亚林; 杨青成

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of the blog of central venous catheter thoracostomy on the health education and academic exchanges.Methods Many methods were used such as established hosted rental blog at the NetEase Web sites,managed by special administrator,and published specific nursing log on thoracostomy.Results Totals of 33 logs were published by the administrator from October 2011to January 2012.The browse rate of these logs was high and the total visit had exceed 10 000 person-times.Callers had published over 60 comments,answered inquiry on line over 40 times and replied over 10 emails.Conclusions It is an economic,convenient and shortcut method to develop health education and academic exchanges by means of the blog on nursing care of thoracostomy with strong sharing and interaction.This method can meet the requirrnents of the people with different levels of the knowledge on thoracostomy including patients families,health care workers and so on.%目的 探讨应用胸腔置管护理专科博客开展健康教育和学术交流的效果.方法 在网易网站建立托管式租用博客,由专人管理,发表胸腔置管专科护理日志、在线答疑等.结果 2011年10月至2012年1月管理员共发表33篇日志,胸腔置管护理所有的博文浏览量均较高,博客总访问量达10000余人次,访客发表评论60余篇,回答在线咨询40余次,回复邮件10余封.结论 应用博客进行胸腔置管护理健康教育和学术交流,经济、方便、快捷,共享性和互动性强,满足了患者、家属、医护人员等各层面人群对胸腔置管护理知识的需求.

  8. A STUDY OF THE MOST APPROPRIATE PUNCTURE TIME IN THE PREMATURE BABIES WITH PE-RIPHERALLY INSERTED CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETERS%早产儿PICC最佳穿刺时间的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘树艳; 于燕; 刘海娟

    2014-01-01

    Objective To probe into the most appropriate puncture time of the premature babies with pe-ripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICC) .Methods A total of 109 premature infants admitted in the neonatal department of author's hospital were selected from March 2010 to May 2013 ,among which there were 59 premature babies (experimental group) given PICC puncture during 48 to 72 hours after birth and 50 premature babies (control group) given PICC puncture within 48 hours after birth .The puncture site is on the right side of the premature babies'basilic vein .χ2 was applied to test and analyze the relation-ship between PICC puncture time and one-time pass rate ,limb swelling of puncture side ,bleeding and oo-zing liquid rate of puncture site .Results the limb swelling of puncture side and the bleeding and oozing liq-uid rate of puncture site in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group ,which had sta-tistical significance .Conclusion 48 -72 hours after birth of premature babies is the best time for PICC puncture .%目的:探讨早产儿外周置入中心静脉导管的最佳穿刺时间。方法研究对象为唐山市妇幼保健院新生儿科2010年3月-2013年5月收治的119例早产儿,其中出生后48~72h行PICC穿刺组(观察组)59例,出生后48h内行PICC穿刺组(对照组)50例,穿刺部位为早产儿的右侧贵要静脉。应用χ2检验分析PICC穿刺时间与一次成功率、穿刺侧肢体肿胀及穿刺部位渗血渗液率的相关关系。结果观察组早产儿的穿刺侧肢体肿胀率、穿刺部位渗血渗液率低于对照组,且差异具有统计学意义。结论早产儿出生后48~72h是PICC的最佳穿刺时间。

  9. Catheter-directed thrombolysis in the treatment of iliofemoral venous thrombosis. A review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm, Rikke; Jensen, Leif Panduro; Bækgaard, Niels

    2010-01-01

    Patients with acute iliofemoral venous thrombosis treated with anticoagulation only are at high risk of developing postthrombotic syndrome. Immediate removal of the thrombus by catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) may increase patency, prevent damage of the venous valves, and prevent reflux and P...

  10. Correlation of mixed venous and central venous oxygen saturation and its relation to cardiac index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramakrishna M

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: The clinical applicability of substitution of central venous oxygen saturation for mixed venous oxygen saturations in monitoring global tissue hypoxia is still a matter of controversy. Hence aim of the study is comparison of paired samples of mixed venous and central venous oxygen saturation and comparison in relation to cardiac index in varying hemodynamic conditions. Materials and Methods: Prospective clinical observation: Postoperative cardiac surgical ITU: 60 adult patients,> 18 years of age of either sex: A PAC was inserted through ® IJV, triple lumen catheter was inserted through ® IJV. Blood samples were taken from distal tip of PAC and central venous catheters. An arterial blood sample was drawn from either radial or femoral arterial line. Measurements: Continuous cardiac output monitoring. Analysis of blood samples for hemoglobin concentration and oxygen saturation. Mixed venous oxygen saturations and central venous oxygen saturations were compared. The study was carried over a period of 30h in the postoperative period and samples were taken at 6h intervals. Patients were classified into three groups as follows depending on the CI: Low (< 2.5 L/m 2, medium (2.5-4 L/m 2, high (> 4 L/m2 and correlated with Svo 2 and Scvo 2 . Results: 298 Comparative sets of samples were obtained. Svo2 was consistently lower than Scvo2 throughout the study period. The difference was statistically significant. By using Bland - Altman plot, the mean difference between Svo 2 and Scvo 2 (Svo 2 -Scvo 2 was - 2.9% ± 5.14 and confidence limits are + 7.17% and - 12.97%. The co-efficient r is > 0.7 throughout the study period for all paired samples. The correlation Svo 2 and Scvo 2 with cardiac index in all the three groups were> 0.7. Conclusion: Scvo 2 and Svo 2 are closely related and are interchangeable. Even though individual values differ trends in Scvo 2 may be substituted for trend in Svo 2

  11. 肿瘤患者中心静脉导管真菌感染的相关因素分析%Related factors for central venous catheter-related fungal infections in tumor patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖璎玲; 周健; 赵霞; 张小琴; 张龑莉; 房佰俊; 魏旭东; 宋永平

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the incidence, etiology, and risk factors of central venous catheter (CVC)-related fungal infections in tumor patients so as to propose the effective prevention measures. METHODS The related factors for infections in 200 tumor patients who underwent CVC from Jan to Oct, 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS The incidence of CVC-related fungal infections was 15. 0%. There were 26 cases with single CVC-related infections and 4 cases with fungemia. Candida parapsilosis, Candida tropicalis, Candida ruffle monilia , Candida albicans, and Candida glabrata accounted for 53. 3% , 16. 7% > 13. 3%, 10. 0% and 6. 7% , respectively. The gender, age, types of tumor, and surgery were negatively correlated with the incidence of CVC-related infections, the difference in the infection rates between the different sites of catheterization was statistically significant (P<0. 05), the difference in the catheterization duration between the patients with CVC-related infections was statistically significant(P<0. 05) , totally 26 cases with infections were cured after extuba-tion of CVC, 3 of 4 patients with fungemia were cured after the antifungal treatment, and 1 case died of the mixed pulmonary Candida infections. CONCLUSION Candida parapsilosis is the predominant pathogen causing CVC-related fungal infections in the tumor patients. Timely extubation of CVC can effectively prevent catheter-related blood stream infections.%目的 探讨肿瘤患者中心静脉导管(CVC)真菌感染的分布与发生率,分析其相关因素,提出有效的预防改进措施.方法 回顾性分析2011年1-10月医院留置CVC的200例肿瘤患者的感染情况及相关因素.结果 CVC相关性真菌感染发生率为15.0%,其中26例单纯CVC感染(CVC-RI),4例合并真菌血症,其中近平滑假丝酵母菌、热带假丝酵母菌、皱褶假丝酵母菌、白色假丝酵母菌及光滑假丝酵母菌分别占53.3%、16.7%、13.3%、10.0%及6.7%;CVC感染发

  12. Application of the bundle of nursing care in cancer patients with indwel ing thoracic central venous catheter%集束化护理在留置胸腔中心静脉导管肿瘤患者中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟文娟; 陈娟; 傅芳芳

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the application method and effect of the bundle of nursing care in cancer patients with indwelling tho-racic central venous catheter.Methods:175 cancer patients with indwelling central venous catheter were randomly divided into the control group(n=88)and the intervention group(n=87).The routine nursing care was taken in the control group and the bundle of nursing care was provided in the intervention group,the effect of nursing care was compared between the two groups.Results:The catheter shedding rate was lower in the intervention group than the control group(P<0.05);the satisfaction rate of the patients was higher than the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion:Application of the bundle of nursing care in cancer patients with indwelling thoracic central venous catheter can effectively reduce the incidence of catheter shedding and improve the patient′s satisfaction.%目的:探讨集束化护理在留置胸腔中心静脉导管肿瘤患者中的应用方法及效果。方法:将175例留置胸腔中心静脉导管肿瘤患者随机分为对照组88例和干预组87例,对照组实施常规护理,干预组实施集束化护理,比较两组护理效果。结果:干预组脱管发生率低于对照组(P<0.05),满意度高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:集束化护理可有效降低留置胸腔中心静脉导管肿瘤患者的脱管发生率,提高其满意度。

  13. Bilateral catheter-directed thrombolysis in a patient with deep venous thrombosis caused by a hypoplastic inferior vena cava

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sloot, S.; Van Nierop, J.; Kootstra, J. J.; Wittens, C.; Fritschy, W. M.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Deep venous thrombosis treatment using catheter-directed thrombolysis is advocated over systemic thrombolysis because it reduces bleeding complications. With the development of a catheter that combines ultrasound vibrations and the local delivering of thrombolytics, new and safer treatm

  14. A Survey of Invasive Catheter Practices in US Burn Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    central venous cannulation in children: lessons learned from a 10-year experience placing more than 1000 catheters . J Burn Care Res 2006;27:713–18. ...741 Central venous catheters (CVCs) and arterial catheters (ACs) provide essential access for critically injured patients. Practices surrounding...consisted of 23 questions related to spe- cific practices in placement and maintenance of central venous catheters (CVCs), arte- rial catheters ,

  15. Pressão venosa central em cateter femoral: correlação com acesso superior após cirurgia cardíaca Central venous pressure in femoral catheter: correlation with superior approach after heart surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirley da Silva Pacheco

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: É comum a obtenção de acesso venoso femoral em pacientes submetidos a cirurgia cardíaca em associação ou como alternativa ao acesso superior (veia jugular interna ou veia subclávia. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar as medidas de pressão venosa central (PVC em dois sítios diferentes (superior vs. femoral. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo e aberto com 60 pacientes submetidos a cirurgia cardíaca no período de julho a novembro de 2006. Foram obtidas três medidas de cada paciente em cada sítio (admissão, 6 e 12 horas após a cirurgia em duas inclinações diferentes da cabeceira do leito (zero e 30 graus, totalizando 720 medidas. RESULTADOS: Cinqüenta e cinco por cento dos pacientes foram submetidos a revascularização do miocárdio, 38% a cirurgia valvar e 7% a outras cirurgias. A média de PVC ± desvio padrão (DP medida no acesso superior foi de 13,0 ± 5,5 mmHg (zero grau e 13,3 ± 6,1 mmHg (30 graus, enquanto que as medidas no acesso inferior foram 11,1 ± 4,9 mmHg (zero grau e 13,7 ± 4,6 mmHg (30 graus. A correlação linear (r entre as medidas nos dois sítios foi de 0,66 (zero grau e 0,53 (30 graus, ambas com p OBJECTIVE: It is common to obtain femoral venous approach in patients undergoing combined heart surgery or as an alternative to superior approach (internal jugular vein or subclavian vein. The aim of this study was to compare the measures of central venous pressure (CVP at two different sites (superior versus femoral. METHODS: We prospectively and openly allocated 60 patients who underwent heart surgery between July from November 2006. Three measures were obtained from each patient at each site (admission, 6 and 12 hours after surgery in two different inclinations of the headboard (zero and 30 degrees totaling 720 measures. RESULTS: Fifty five percent of patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting, 38% heart valve surgery and 7% other surgeries. The mean of CVP ± standard deviation (SD measured

  16. Clinical characteristics and risk factors of symptomatic central venous catheter-related deep vein thrombosis in children%儿童中心静脉置管相关症状型深静脉血栓形成的临床特点和影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴亮; 杨雨航; 杨妮; 文广富; 许巍; 刘春峰

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical features and risk factors in children with symptomatic central venous catheter-related deep vein thrombosis,and to provide guidence for clinical therapy.Methods The clinical data of 105 children with central venous catheter were retrospectively analyzed.According to the thrombosis or not,these children were classified into two groups:thrombosis group and non-thrombosis group.The risk factors influencing symptomatic central venous catheter-related deep vein thrombosis forming were identified by Logistic regression analysis.Results Among the 105 cases with central venous catheter,the male to female ratio was 68:37;age ranged from 8.5 months to 13 years old with average age(5.5 ±4.0) years old.There were 98 cases in non-thrombosis group and 7 cases in thrombosis group.Factors such as age[(5.7 ±4.1)years old vs.(2.5 ± 1.8) years old],central venous catheter dwell time[(6.1 ±2.3)d vs.(8.9 ± 2.1) d],more than 7 days parenteral nutrition application (11/98 cases vs.5/7 cases) and more than 7 days intravenous application of mannitol(7/98 cases vs.4/7 cases)were found significantly different between the thrombosis group and non-thrombosis group(P < 0.05).Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that more than 7 days parenteral nutrition application and intravenous mannitol were the risk factors of symptomatic central venous catheter-related deep vein thrombosis [OR =50.703 (95 % CI 3.258-789.056),OR =15.590 (95 % CI 1.196-203.146),P < 0.05].Conclusion Symptomatic central venous catheter-related deep vein thrombosis is a common complication of deep venous catheterization.It cause acute pulmonary embolism and some critical diseases,and influence the prognosis and prolong hospital stay.Application of intravenous nutrition more than 7 days and intravenous mannitol more than 7 days are the risk factors of symptomatic central venous catheter-related deep vein thrombosis.%目的 调查儿童中心静脉置管相关症状

  17. Pulmonary artery catheter insertion in a patient of dextrocardia with anomalous venous connections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tripathi Mukesh

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available In a young adult patient having situs solitus with dextrocardia the attempted pulmonary artery catheter placement for emergency mitral valve replacement required an unduly long length (50cm of catheter insertion to get into right ventricle and then into pulmonary artery. Although catheter coiling was suspected initially, chest x-ray taken after successfully placement revealed an uncommon congenital anomalous venous connection i.e. right internal jugular opening into left sided superior vena cava then into inferior vena cava after running all along the left border of the heart. With the result, it required to pass 50cm of PA catheter to get into right ventricle in our patient. This emphasizes the need to look for abnormal venous connections during echocardiography and x-ray screening in congenital heart disease. Fluoroscopy is recommended when an unusual length of pulmonary artery catheter insertion is required to enter the pulmonary artery.

  18. 探讨ICU患者中心静脉导管相关性血流感染的集束化预防策略%Increase the bundle prevention strategies of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection in patients of ICU

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳菊; 陈奕文; 姜爱丽

    2014-01-01

    ICU收治急危重症患者,大多数患者需要使用中心静脉导管测压、输液等,但其同时存在发生导管相关性血流感染(CRBSI)的风险,从而导致患者住院时间延长和病死率升高等。选择最优的穿刺途径、严格的手卫生、消毒皮肤、最大消毒屏障以及定期更换辅料等,应用集束化预防措施进行置管及日常护理是预防导管相关性血流感染发生的重要措施。%In ICU,there are critically ill patients,and most patients require the use of central venous catheter manometer,infusion and so on.But at the same time,the occurrence of catheter-related bloodstream infection(CRBSI) risk,result in patients with prolonged hospitalization and mortality rate higher.The application of bundle preventive measures of catheter and daily care, including the selection of optimal puncture,strict hand hygiene,disinfection, the biggest disinfection and barrier regular replacement of accessories and so on,is an important measure to prevent occurrence of catheter-related bloodstream infection,.

  19. Percutaneous retrieval of malpositioned, kinked and unraveled guide wire under fluoroscopic guidance during central venous cannulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gopal Krishan Jalwal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The placement of central venous catheter using Seldinger′s technique, remains a commonly performed procedure with its own risks and benefits. Various complications have been reported with the use of guide wire as well as catheter. We report a unique problem during subclavian vein cannulation due to guidewire malposition which led to its kinking and difficult retrieval requiring removal in fluoroscopy suit. The probable mechanism of guide wire entrapment and possible bedside management of similar problems is described.

  20. INDICATIONS AND COMPLICATIONS OF CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETERIZATION IN CRITICALLY ILL CHILDREN IN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shwetal Bhatt

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nothing can be more difficult, time consuming and frustrating than obtaining vascular access in critically ill pediatric patient1 .Central venous catheters are widely used in the care of critically ill patients. Methodology: This paper reviews our experience with central lines in 28 critically ill patients including neonates and non-neonates, in a study period of October 2008 to October 2009. Of the total 28 patients, central venous catheterizations was more in those who were more than a month age and of female sex. Results: The route of insertion was femoral in approximately 89% of our patients and insertion was successful in 24 patients. The most common indication we observed for catheter use was, venous access in shock (37.1% in neonates and for monitoring the central venous pressure (32% in non neonate patients of ARDS with pulmonary edema and Shock. The central line was removed in majority of patients (60% within 24-48hrs of insertion and was kept for maximum of six days in just one patient. Organism most frequently isolated was Acinetobacter. Recommendations made include, use strict aseptic measures by restricted number of skilled operators while inserting and during maintaining central line, routine confirmatory x-ray or fluoroscopy to check the position of central line before catheter use, if possible, use for central pressure monitoring recommended. Conclusion: We concluded that central venous catheterization is a safe and effective measure so we recommend timely and judicious use of percutaneous central venous catheter in paediatric critically ill patients of PICU and NICU. [National J of Med Res 2012; 2(1.000: 85-88

  1. Application of ARROW central venous catheter in drainage for lung cancer patients complicated with pleural effusion and nursing care of them%ARROW中心静脉导管在肺癌患者合并胸腔积液引流中的应用及护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕

    2012-01-01

    目的探讨ARROW单腔中心静脉导管在肺癌患者合并胸腔积液引流中的应用及护理。方法对57例肺癌患者合并胸腔积液需行胸腔穿刺放液的患者应用ARROW中心静脉导管代替传统的胸腔穿刺放液、抽液,观察其疗效、并发症,并对整个细致有效的护理过程进行总结。结果本组57例患者均1次置管成功,导管留置时间为3d至21d,未发生导管相关性感染、导管阻塞及导管脱出等并发症,置管引流后胸腔积液逐渐减少,患者呼吸困难、胸闷、心悸、气促、咳嗽等症状明显改善,病情得到缓解。结论本组应用ARROW单腔中心静脉导管引流胸腔积液,无继发感染、血气胸等并发症发生,做好穿刺部位的护理,预防感染是保证置管引流成功的关键。%Objective It probed into application of ARROW mono-chamber central venous catheter in drainage for lung cancer patients complicated with pleural effusion and nursing care of them. Methods A total of 57 lung cancer patients complicated with pleural effusion and required thoracentesis were applied ARROW central venous catheter to replace the traditional way of pleural cavity puncture and liquid drainage. The curative effect and complications of all patients had been observed. And it summarized the whole process of meticulous and effective nursing care. Results All 57patients were successful placement by once puncture. The indwelling time of catheter was 3 days to 21 days. No one had the incidence of complications such as catheter-related infections, catheter obstruction and fall-off of catheter and so on. After catheter drainage, pleural effusion of patients gradually reduced. Symptoms such as dyspnea, chest tightness, palpitations, shortness of breath, cough of patients had improved significantly. And illness conditions of them had relieved. Conclusion To apply ARROW mono-chamber central venous catheter in drainage for lung cancer patients complicated with pleural

  2. Central Venous Line and Acute Neurological Deficit: A Case Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SeyedHossein Ahmadi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Central venous catheter (CVC insertion is a practical way to assess patients hemodynamic specially in cardiovascular surgery but this relatively simple junior level procedure is not risk free and its common reported complications include; pneumothorax, hydrothorax, hemothorax, local hematoma, cardiac tamponade, vascular injury, thrombosis, embolism, and catheter disruption. Here in this article we are going to present 6 patients with very unusual presentation of CVC complication which was neurological deficit presented by agitation , unconsciousness, disorientation to time and place and  hemiparesis. All patients undergone neurologic consult and brain computed tomography. Final diagnosis was brain ischemic damage and finally we kept them on conservative management; fortunately we did not have any permanent damage.

  3. Risk factors for development of complication following peripherally inserted central catheters: A retrospective analysis of 850 patients

    OpenAIRE

    Aydın, Hakan; Korfalı, Gülsen; Gören, Suna; Efe, Esra Mercanoğlu; Moustafa, Bachri Ramadan; Yazıcı, Tolga

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) are inserted into central veins through the upper extremity veins. In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate PICC procedures, related complications, their causes and factors influencing the success of the procedure during anaesthesia Methods: ‘Central Venous Catheterization Forms\\' filled out for 850 patients in whom a PICC was inserted by residents during general anaesthesia between November 2009 and Mar...

  4. Risk factors for development of complication following peripherally inserted central catheters: A retrospective analysis of 850 patients

    OpenAIRE

    Aydın, Hakan; Korfalı, Gülsen; Gören, Suna; Efe, Esra Mercanoğlu; Moustafa, Bachri Ramadan; Yazıcı, Tolga

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) are inserted into central veins through the upper extremity veins. In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate PICC procedures, related complications, their causes and factors influencing the success of the procedure during anaesthesia Methods: ‘Central Venous Catheterization Forms\\' filled out for 850 patients in whom a PICC was inserted by residents during general anaesthesia between November 2009...

  5. Nursing experience of central venous catheter for constant drainage in 56 patients with malignant pleural effusion%中心静脉导管在56例恶性胸腔积液患者持续引流中的护理体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁海平; 王元兰

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨中心静脉导管应用于恶性胸腔积液患者的护理.方法 选择56例胸腔积液患者置入中心静脉导管.结果 有7例患者置管处疼痛后拔管,其余患者均达到治疗周期,未发生其他置管并发症.结论 恶性胸腔积液患者胸腔置入中心静脉导管后,实施有效的护理措施能够保证治疗顺利进行,并减少多次胸腔穿刺的痛苦.%Objective To explore the nursing of central venous catheter in the treatment of patients with malignant pleural effusion. Methods 56 patients with pleural effusion underwent central venous catheterization. Results 7 patients had extubation because of pain in catheterization region; the rest of the patients completed the entire treatment, and no one had other complications of catheterization. Conclusion After central venous catheterization for the patients with malignant pleural effusion, the effective nursing measures should be implemented to ensure the smooth process of treatment and reduce the suffering caused by repeated thoracocentesis.

  6. Bloodstream infections among patients using central venous catheters in intensive care units Infección de corriente sanguínea en pacientes con catéter venosos central en unidades de cuidado intensivo Infecções da corrente sangüínea em pacientes em uso de cateter venoso central em unidades de terapia intensiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eni Rosa Aires Borba Mesiano

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Central Venous Catheters (CVC, widely used in Intensive Care Units (ICU are important sources of bloodstream infections (BSI. This prospective cohort epidemiological analytical study, aimed to infer the incidence of BSI, the risk factors associated and evaluate the care actions related to the use of these catheters in seven ICU in the Federal District - Brasília, Brazil. From the 630 patients using CVC, 6.4% developed BSI (1.5% directly related to the catheter and 4.9% clinic BSI. The hospitalization term was 3.5 times greater among these patients. Different modalities of catheter insertion and antiseptic substances use were observed. Time of CVC permanence was significantly associated to infection incidence (pLos catéteres venosos centrales (CVC utilizados principalmente en unidades de cuidados intensivos - UCIs, son importantes fuentes de infección de la corriente sanguínea (ICS. Este estudio epidemiológico analítico, de corte prospectivo, enfoca la incidencia de ICS, factores de riesgo asociados y medidas asistenciales relacionadas con el uso de estos catéteres en 7 UCIs del Distrito Federal. Del total de 630 pacientes con CVC, 6,4% presentaron ICS (1,5% relacionado al catéter y 4,9% ICS-Clínica. El tiempo de hospitalización fue 3,5 veces mayor para este grupo de pacientes. Fueron observadas diferentes conductas con relación a la inserción de catéteres y al uso de antisépticos. El tiempo de permanencia del CVC estuvo asociado a la incidencia de infección (pOs cateteres venosos centrais (CVC, utilizados, principalmente em unidades de terapia intensiva-UTIs, são importantes fontes de infecção da corrente sangüínea (ICS. Este estudo epidemiológico analítico, tipo coorte prospectiva, enfoca a incidência de ICS, fatores de risco associados e ações assistenciais relacionadas ao uso desses cateteres em 7 UTIs no Distrito Federal. Dos 630 pacientes com CVC, 6,4% apresentaram ICS (1,5% relacionadas ao cateter e 4,9% ICS

  7. Effectiveness analysis of cluster nursing to reduce ICU central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection rates%集束化护理对降低ICU中心静脉导管相关性血流感染率的效果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑贞; 严继承; 黄鑫; 杨帆

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨集束化护理对于减少IC U中心静脉导管相关性血流感染率效果的影响。方法选取2011年6月-2012年3月行常规护理的289例中心静脉导管患者作为对照组,并选取2012年4月-2013年3月行集束化护理的327例中心静脉导管患者为试验组,对两组患者的治疗结果进行对比分析。结果试验组实施集束化护理后的中心静脉导管相关性血流感染感染率为3.36‰、对照组为6.57‰,两组比较差异有统计学意义( P<0.05);试验组患者住院天数为(6.71±0.77)d、对照组为(8.47±0.79)d ,两组比较差异有统计学意义( P<0.05);试验组患者插管天数为(9.36±0.82)d、对照组为(6.29±0.63)d ,两组比较差异有统计学意义( P<0.05)。结论集束化护理对降低IC U中心静脉导管相关性血流感染率有显著效果,同时集束化护理措施的依从性也对治疗效果有明显影响。%OBJECTIVE To study the effect of cluster nursing on reducing the ICU central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection rate .METHODS Totally 289 patients with central venous catheters receiving routine care from June 2011 to Mar .2012 were selected as the control group ,meanwhile ,327 patients with central venous catheters receiving cluster nursing during Apr .2012 to Mar 2013 were selected as the experimental group .The two groups were compared for treatment outcomes .RESULTS After the implementation of cluster nursing ,the central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection rate was 3 .36‰ in the experimental group ,significantly low-er than 6 .57‰ in the control group (P<0 .05) .The hospitalization days were approximately (6 .71 ± 0 .77)d in the experimental group ,significantly lower than (8 .47 ± 0 .79) d in the control group(P<0 .05) .The catheteriza-tion days were (9 .36 ± 0 .82) d in the experimental group and (6 .29 ± 0 .63) d in the control group ,the

  8. [Central venous catheterization complication by a guide wire].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araki, Yoshiyuki; Fukuda, Isao; Hirano, Masato; Matsuoka, Nobuhiro; Kazama, Tomiei

    2009-03-01

    Central venous catheterization using the Seldinger technique is a well known and often used method. On the other hand, there are also well known complications by needle puncture or by indwelling catheter, there are few reports about a guide wire which got hung up around the tricuspid valve. We report a case in which a guide wire got hung up to the chordae tendineae of the tricuspid valve. To insert the AVA 3Xi (Edwards life science Co. Iervine) from the right internal jugular vein, we inserted a guide wire without ease. Resistance appeared when we tried to remove the wire for 20 cm from the inserted state. The X-ray and the transesophageal echocardiography, showed the guide wire in the right ventricle. As actions to be taken, we advanced the central vein catheter of the EXCV catheter kit (Nippon Sherwood Medical Industries Co., Ltd.) to the tip, and a the guide wire was easily removed. There are many reports of the complication by the central venepuncture, but there are few reports about the guide wire which was entrapped in the vicinity of a tricuspid valve. The tip of the guide wire in this case was bent excessively, but the cause of the damage did not become clear by investigation. When a guide wire became hard to withdraw, we should never withdraw a guide wire blindly, but should search a cause and we should use the material which was matched with the cause.

  9. Flushing and Locking of Venous Catheters: Available Evidence and Evidence Deficit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Godelieve Alice Goossens

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Flushing and locking of intravenous catheters are thought to be essential in the prevention of occlusion. The clinical sign of an occlusion is catheter malfunction and flushing is strongly recommended to ensure a well-functioning catheter. Therefore fluid dynamics, flushing techniques, and sufficient flushing volumes are important matters in adequate flushing in all catheter types. If a catheter is not in use, it is locked. For years, it has been thought that the catheter has to be filled with an anticoagulant to prevent catheter occlusion. Heparin has played a key role in locking venous catheters. However, the high number of risks associated with heparin forces us to look for alternatives. A long time ago, 0.9% sodium chloride was already introduced as locking solution in peripheral cannulas. More recently, a 0.9% sodium chloride lock has also been investigated in other types of catheters. Thrombolytic agents have also been studied as a locking solution because their antithrombotic effect was suggested as superior to heparin. Other catheter lock solutions focus on the anti-infective properties of the locks such as antibiotics and chelating agents. Still, the most effective locking solution will depend on the catheter type and the patient’s condition.

  10. 银离子抗菌敷料预防中心静脉导管感染的疗效观察及护理%Clinical observation and nursing of the silver ion antimicrobial dressings to prevent central venous catheter infection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建薇

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察银离子抗菌敷料预防中心静脉导管感染的临床效果,总结相应的护理措施。方法选取80例中心静脉导管置管的患者并按入院顺序随机分为,每组各40例,观察组患者采用银离子抗菌敷料覆盖穿刺点,对照组患者采用无菌透明薄膜覆盖穿刺点,两组患者均配合相应的置管护理,并严格无菌操作,观察两组患者中心静脉导管相关性血行感染( CVC-RI)发生率及周围皮肤阳性率。结果观察组无一例发生CVC-RI,穿刺点周围皮肤阳性率为7.50%,对照组CVC-RI发生率为12.50%,周围皮肤阳性率为25.00%,观察组发生率均明显低于对照组,两组差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),观察组患者在置管期间未见明显不良反应。结论银离子抗菌敷料应用于中心静脉导管置管,并配合严格的置管护理措施,可明显降低导管感染的发生,降低周围皮肤阳性率,且敷料更换次数少,节省部分治疗费用,具有较高的临床应用价值。%Objective To observe the clinical effect of the silver ion antimicrobial dressings to prevent central venous catheter infection, sum up the appropriate nursing interventions. Methods A total of 80patients with central ve-nous catheters and press the admission order were randomly divided into two groups, the patients ofobservation group were treated with silver ion antimicrobial dressings to cover the puncture poin, the patients of control group were treated with sterile transparent film covering the puncture point. The incidence of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection ( CVC-RI) and the positive rate of skin were compared. Results The cases of observation group had no CVC-RI, the positive rate of skinaroundpuncture was 7. 50%; the CVC-RI incidence of control group was 12. 50%, and the positive rate of skinaroundpuncture was 25. 00%, which were higher than those of control group ( P <0. 05 ) , there was no significant adverse reaction during the

  11. 早产儿经下肢浅静脉置入中心静脉导管成功率的影响因素分析%The Retrospective Analysis on Success Rate of Lower Extremity Superficial Vein in Premature Infants with Central Venous Catheter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文锦香

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the factors that influenced the success rate of premature by superficial vein in central ve‐nous catheter ,And do preliminary research for building the future premature usm clinical operating standards .Methods A retrospective analysis in February 2012‐February 2014 during the records of 108 patients with lower limb in our new pediat‐ric superficial vein in central venous catheter in the treatment of the critically ill premature infants ,and success rate of cathe‐ter multi‐factor ,statistical analysis of gestational age ,weight ,puncture and catheter after phlebitis ,blocking pipe ,inci‐dence of complications such as infection ,pipe ,and so on and so forth the impact on the success rate of catheter ,double‐blind recorded 108 cases of clinical treatment and the result of catheter .Results 108 cases of children with 99 cases of placement success ,the success rate was 91 .67% ;With Multinomial Logistic regression analysis ,the main effect model of premature gestational age ,weight and phlebitis after catheter ,blocking pipe ,complications such as infection ,take off the tube were the key factors influencing the success .Conclusion Critically ill premature by central venous catheter as superficial vein of lower limb in peripheral vein in the alternative way to central venous catheter ,can effectively solve the poor upper limb vein condition of central venous catheter placement problem ,critically ill premature premature gestational age、weight and phlebi‐tis after catheter ,blocking pipe ,incidence of complications such as infection ,take off the tube of the lower extremity super‐ficial vein in central venous catheter plays a role of influence the success of the operation .%目的对影响早产儿经下肢浅静脉置入中心静脉导管成功率的因素进行分析,为建立早产儿PICC的临床操作标准提供依据。方法分析2012年2月~2014年2月我科收治的108例行下肢浅静脉置入中心静脉导管治

  12. Evaluation of the Necessity of Port Fixation in Central Venous Port Implantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Su; Kim, Hyung Pil [Inje University Pusan Paik Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Bae, Jae Ik; Won, Je Hwan [Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-06-15

    The technical success and complications were especially focused on and evaluated the need for fixation of a port under fluoroscopic guidance placement of the totally implantable central venous access ports for long term central venous access. Two hundred eighty nine consecutive patients (170 men, 119 women, mean age: 52-year-old) who underwent venous port implantation for the administration of chemotherapy were followed over a 1-month period. The procedures were performed in the angiographic suite by an interventional radiologist and all access was through the right jugular vein, except for the patients who had undergone a right mastectomy. The procedures were performed in the following order: 1) venous puncture, 2) making a pocket, 3) catheter tunneling, 4) port insertion, 5) catheter sizing, and 6) insertion. A port which was connected to the tunneled catheter was inserted into the minimally sized subcutaneous pocket with the aid of a small retractor. A follow-up was performed with medical records and chest radiographs. The follow-up period for evaluating the venous port ranged from 59 to 329 days (mean: 175 days) The procedures performed to gain right jugular vein access were successful without difficulty in all cases. The 18 patients that underwent procedures to gain left jugular vein access encountered some difficulty upon insertion of a catheter into the SVC due to encountering the tortuous left brachiocephalic vein. No complications occurred during and immediately after the procedure. In one case the port chamber rotated within the subcutaneous pocket; however, no catheter migration or malfunction occurred. If port insertion was followed by catheter insertion, the port chamber can be tightly implanted in the minimally sized pocket. This would avoid the need for fixation of the catheter to the port chamber leading into the pocket

  13. Totally implantable venous catheters for chemotherapy: experience in 500 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Wolosker

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Totally implantable devices are increasingly being utilized for chemotherapy treatment of oncological patients, although few studies have been done in our environment to analyze the results obtained from the implantation and utilization of such catheters. OBJECTIVE: To study the results obtained from the implantation of totally implantable catheters in patients submitted to chemotherapy. TYPE OF STUDY: Prospective. SETTING: Hospital do Câncer A.C. Camargo, São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: 519 totally implantable catheters were placed in 500 patients submitted to chemotherapy, with preference for the use of the right external jugular vein. Evaluations were made of the early and late-stage complications and patient evolution until removal of the device, death or the end of the treatment. RESULTS: The prospective analysis showed an average duration of 353 days for the catheters. There were 427 (82.2% catheters with no complications. Among the early complications observed, there were 15 pathway hematomas, 8 cases of thrombophlebitis of the distal stump of the external jugular vein and one case of pocket infection. Among the late-stage complications observed, there were 43 infectious complications (0.23/1000 days of catheter use, 11 obstructions (0.06/1000 days of catheter use and 14 cases of deep vein thrombosis (0.07/1000 days of catheter use. Removal of 101 catheters was performed: 35 due to complications and 66 upon terminating the treatment. A total of 240 patients died while the catheter was functioning and 178 patients are still making use of the catheter. CONCLUSION: The low rate of complications obtained in this study confirms the safety and convenience of the use of totally implantable accesses in patients undergoing prolonged chemotherapy regimes.

  14. Development of Needle Insertion Manipulator for Central Venous Catheterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Yo; Hong, Jaesung; Hamano, Ryutaro; Hashizume, Makoto; Okada, Kaoru; Fujie, Masakatsu G.

    Central venous catheterization is a procedure, which a doctor insert a catheter into the patient’s vein for transfusion. Since there are risks of bleeding from arterial puncture or pneumothorax from pleural puncture. Physicians are strictly required to make needle reach up into the vein and to stop the needle in the middle of vein. We proposed a robot system for assisting the venous puncture, which can relieve the difficulties in conventional procedure, and the risks of complication. This paper reports the design structuring and experimental results of needle insertion manipulator. First, we investigated the relationship between insertion force and angle into the vein. The results indicated that the judgment of perforation using the reaction force is possible in case where the needling angle is from 10 to 20 degree. The experiment to evaluate accuracy of the robot also revealed that it has beyond 0.5 mm accuracy. We also evaluated the positioning accuracy in the ultrasound images. The results displays that the accuracy is beyond 1.0 mm and it has enough for venous puncture. We also carried out the venous puncture experiment to the phantom and confirm our manipulator realized to make needle reach up into the vein.

  15. The prevention, diagnosis and management of central venous line infections in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chesshyre, Emily; Goff, Zoy; Bowen, Asha; Carapetis, Jonathan

    2015-06-01

    With advancing paediatric healthcare, the use of central venous lines has become a fundamental part of management of neonates and children. Uses include haemodynamic monitoring and the delivery of lifesaving treatments such as intravenous fluids, blood products, antibiotics, chemotherapy, haemodialysis and total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Despite preventative measures, central venous catheter-related infections are common, with rates of 0.5-2.8/1000 catheter days in children and 0.6-2.5/1000 catheter days in neonates. Central line infections in children are associated with increased mortality, increased length of hospital and intensive care unit stay, treatment interruptions, and increased complications. Prevention is paramount, using a variety of measures including tunnelling of long-term devices, chlorhexidine antisepsis, maximum sterile barriers, aseptic non-touch technique, minimal line accessing, and evidence-based care bundles. Diagnosis of central line infections in children is challenging. Available samples are often limited to a single central line blood culture, as clinicians are reluctant to perform painful venepuncture on children with a central, pain-free, access device. With the advancing evidence basis for antibiotic lock therapy for treatment, paediatricians are pushing the boundaries of line retention if safe to do so, due to among other reasons, often limited venous access sites. This review evaluates the available paediatric studies on management of central venous line infections and refers to consensus guidelines such as those of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA).

  16. IMPLEMENTATION OF CENTRAL VENOUS CATHETER - RELATED BLOODSTREAM INFECTIONS WITH KEY ASPECTS OF COMPLIANCE MONITORING ON ITS INCIDENCE%中心静脉导管相关血流感染重点环节依从性监测对其发生率的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洪艳; 范玲; 于晓江

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨对预防中心静脉导管相关血流感染(catheter related blood stream infection,CRBSI)重点环节依从性监测,能否降低 CRBSI 的发生率。方法选择2013年1—10月56例中心静脉置管患者(A组),对预防 CRBSI 实施重点环节依从性监测,包括:使用抗菌药物包被导管、尽量使用锁骨下静脉置管、留置导管术时无菌屏障最大化、使用洗必泰乙醇溶液皮肤消毒、每天评估是否需要继续留置导管、严格执行定期更换穿刺点敷料要求、执行手卫生规范、使用生理盐水或肝素盐水常规冲管。观察 CRBSI 发生率,与2012年3—12月49例中心静脉患者(B 组,常规处置,无监测)的 CRBSI 发生率进行比较。结果A 组的 CRBSI 发生率0.6‰,明显低于 B 组的发生率4.9‰,差异有统计学意义。结论自2013年我院开展的预防 CRBSI 重点环节依从性监测,可进一步规范中心静脉导管置管要求,操作流程,以及护理方法等,监督医生,护士严格按要求完成中心静脉导管治疗及护理,提高留置中心静脉导管的管理水平,有效降低CRBSI 的发生率。%Objective To investigate the prevention of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infec-tions (catheter related blood stream infection CRBSI)for key aspects of compliance monitoring,the ability to reduce the incidence of CRBSI.Methods From January-October 2013,56 cases of patients with cen-tral venous catheter were enrolled at group A on the prevention of CRBSI implementation of key aspects of compliance monitoring,including:the use of catheters coated with antimicrobial drugs,to make use of the subclavian vein catheterization,indwelling catheters when sterile barrier technique to maximize the use of chlorhexidine for skin disinfection ethanol solution,assessing the need to continue daily indwelling cathe-ter,strict implementation of the puncture site dressings require periodic replacement,perform hand hygiene standards,the use of

  17. Pain and efficacy of local anesthetics for central venous access

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William C Culp Jr

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available William C Culp Jr1, Mohammed Yousaf2, Benjamin Lowry1, Timothy C McCowan3, William C Culp21Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology, Scott and White Hospital, The Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Temple, TX, USA; 2Division of Interventional Radiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA; 3Department of Radiology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USAPurpose: To compare pain during injection and efficacy of analgesia of local anesthetics during central venous line placement.Methods: Sixty-two patients were studied in a randomized, double-blinded prospective fashion. Patients received 1% lidocaine (L, buffered 1% lidocaine (LB, or 2% chloroprocaine (CP injected around the internal jugular vein for procedural analgesia for central venous access. Patients reported pain via a standard linear visual analog scale, with 0 representing no pain and 10 being the worst pain imaginable.Results: Overall patient perception of pain was better with CP and L than LB with mean scores of CP 2.4, L 2.6, LB 4.2. Pain with injection mean scores were CP 2.1, L 2.5, LB 3.2. Pain with catheter placement scores were CP 2.5, L 1.7, LB 3.4. Operator assessment of overall pain values were CP 1.9, L 2.2, LB 3.4. LB consistently scored the worst, though compared with CP, this only reached statistical significance in overall patient pain and pain at catheter insertion compared with L.Conclusion: Though chloroprocaine scored better than lidocaine in 3 of 4 parameters, this trend did not achieve statistical significance. Adding sodium bicarbonate to lidocaine isn’t justified in routine practice, nor is routine replacement of lidocaine with chloroprocaine.Keywords: local anesthesia, analgesia, central venous access, lidocaine, chloroprocaine

  18. Catheter-directed thrombolysis for double inferior vena cava with deep venous thrombosis: A case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaodong; Chen, Zhengxin; Cai, Qianrong

    2014-08-01

    Double inferior vena cava (DIVC) with deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is rare, and there is only one reported case of DIVC with DVT treated by catheter-directed thrombolysis. We report a case of a 32-year-old man with an extensive venous clot involving the infrarenal segment of a double IVC who received filter implantation and catheter-directed thrombolysis.

  19. Peripherally inserted central catheters in infants and children - indications, techniques, complications and clinical recommendations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westergaard, B; Classen, V; Walther-Larsen, S

    2013-01-01

    in adults and neonates. However, the evidence may not extrapolate directly to older paediatric patients. In this study, we therefore review the indications, methods of insertion and complications of PICC lines for children beyond the neonatal age to provide clinical recommendations based on a search......Venous access required both for blood sampling and for the delivery of medicines and nutrition is an integral element in the care of sick infants and children. Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) have been shown to be a valuable alternative to traditional central venous devices...

  20. Complications and Nursing of Central Venous Catheters Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation%中心静脉导管在骨髓造血干细胞移植应用中的并发症及其护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘瑞青

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the types , incidence and risk factors of the complications related to CVC used in children undergoing HSCT,and to explore how nurses should have a greater awareness of the prevention of complications .Methods Medical records were analyzed on 100 patients with CVC between October 2007 and October 2013.Results Overall , 186 complications were documented.The overall complication rate was 14.6/1000 CVC -days.Catheter complications were higher in nonmalignant disorders than hematological malignancies (χ2 =5.2, P=0.02).CVC malfunction rates were 1.7/1000 CVC-days (11.8%, n=22) and 0.07/1000 CVC-days for mechanical complications ( 0.5%, n=1 ).The overall CRI rate was 11.9/1000 CVC-days ( 81.2%, n=151 ).CRI episodes were higher in male than female children (χ2 =6.42, P=0.01).Nine CVC (7.9%) were removed due to infection, 70(61.4%) were removed at the end of therapy.In children who had nonhematological diseases , the rate of complications of CVC were higher than in those with hematological diseases ( odds ratio [ OR]=2.66 , concidence interval [ CI]=1.1~6.2.The risk for CRI in male children was nearly 2.5 times more compared with female children ( P =0.01 , OR =2.68 , CI =1.2 ~5.8 ).Conclusion Nurses must be aware of CVC complications and must follow guidelines and practice standards continuously.Rigorous attention should be paid to the aseptic technique . These are essential in all aspects of appropriate management of CVC.%目的:探讨中心静脉导管在骨髓造血干细胞移植(hematopoietic stem cell transplantation ,HSCT)应用中的并发症类型、发病率、危险因素,进一步探讨护理人员如何防止中心静脉导管( Central venous catheters ,CVC)并发症。方法收集本院2007-10~2013-10间100例患儿在HSCT中使用CVC的临床资料。结果共出现186次导管并发症,并发症发生率为14.6次/1000 CVC-days。良性血液病导管并发症高于恶性血液病导管并发症(χ2=5.2

  1. Identification and characterization of Staphylococcus epidermidis from hemodialysis patients with tunneled-cuffed central venous catheters and hemodialysis environment%使用带涤纶套隧道导管透析患者表皮葡萄球菌带菌情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐卓佳; 詹承; 王铠

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT:Objective To analyze Staphylococcus epidermidis(SE)in the hemodialysis environment of a tertiary care centre and SE on the body surface of hemodialysis(HD)patients with tunneled-cuffed central venous catheters. Methods SE isolated from patients’heparin cap mouth,catheter exit,skin around the catheter,nasal cavity and the air of HD unit were identified and then used for drug susceptibility analysis.Additionally,the homology of SE samples was tested by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis(PFGE)analysis.Results Fifteen strains of SE were isolated in this study, which all exhibited multi-drug resistance.Among the 1 5 strains of SE,there were 9 distinct genotypes and 9 subtypes. Conclusion HD patients treated with tunneled-cuffed central venous catheters would carry SE strains with multi-drug resistance.Such patients are at high risk of catheter-related infections,which are probably caused by SE.Thus,a transmission route of“patient-to-patient”may exist.%目的:分析表皮葡萄球菌(SE)在带涤纶套隧道导管透析患者体表及透析环境中的带菌情况。方法同时采集透析中心带涤纶套隧道导管透析患者肝素帽口、导管皮肤出口处、管周皮肤、鼻腔及透析中心空气细菌标本,分离培养 SE,对分离到的 SE菌株进行细菌鉴定、药敏分析,并进行脉冲场凝胶电泳(PFGE)分析其同源性。结果共分离 SE菌株15株,分离到的 SE表现多重耐药。对15株 SE进行PFGE,得到9个不同基因型,9个亚型。结论使用带涤纶套隧道导管透析患者体表携带多重耐药 SE菌株,为 SE所致导管相关感染的高危人群,可能存在“患者—另一患者”的传播途径。

  2. Distribution of pathogens causing postoperative central venous catheter-related infections in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass heart surgery and high risk factors%体外循环心脏直视术后中心静脉导管感染的病原菌分布与危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜守峰; 师文华; 孙君隽

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the distribution of pathogens causing postoperative central venous catheter‐re‐lated infections in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass heart surgery and analyze the high risk factors so as to provide guidance for the prevention of central venous catheter‐related infections .METHODS The clinical data of 137 patients who underwent the central venous catheter indwelling after the cardiopulmonary bypass heart surgery were retrospectively analyzed ;34 patients with infections were assigned as the infection group ,and 103 patients without infections were set as the non‐infection group ;the bacterial culture and the drug susceptibility testing were carried out for the infection group ,and the logistic regression analysis of the high risk factors for the central ve‐nous catheter‐related infections was performed .RESULTS Totally 34 strains of pathogens have been isolated from the 137 patients with the positive rate of 24 .82% ,including 17 (50 .00% ) strains of gram‐positive bacteria ,13 (38 .24% ) strains of gram‐negative bacteria ,and 4 (11 .76% ) strains of fungi .The drug susceptibility rates of the gram‐positive bacteria to teicoplanin and vancomycin were 100 .00% ;the drug susceptibility rate of the gram‐nega‐tive bacteria to meropenem was 100 .00% ;the drug susceptibility rate of the fungi to fluconazole was 66 .67% . There was significant difference in the catheter indwelling time ,time of cardiopulmonary bypass ,femoral venous puncture ,catheter connector ,or proportion of triple lumen catheter between the infection group and the non‐infec‐tion group (P<0 .05);the logistic regression analysis indicated that the time of cardiopulmonary bypass ,femoral venous puncture ,double lumen catheter indwelling ,and catheter indwelling time were the independent risk fac‐tors .CONCLUSION The excessively long time of cardiopulmonary bypass and catheter indwelling ,femoral venous puncture ,and double lumen catheter

  3. Método bundle na redução de infecção de corrente sanguínea relacionada a cateteres centrais: revisão integrativa Método bundle en la redución de infecciones relacionadas a catéteres centrales: una revisión integrativa Care bundle to reduce central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection: an integrative review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Dane Pereira Brachine

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, que objetivou identificar intervenções baseadas em evidência que compõem o método bundle, designados à redução de infecção de corrente sanguínea relacionada ou associada a cateter intravenoso central. Para a coleta de dados online, em bases nacionais e internacionais, foram utilizados a palavra-chave bundle e os descritores catheter-related infection, infection control e central venous catheterization, resultando, após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão, amostra de quinze artigos. Este trabalho evidenciou cinco intervenções como as mais frequentemente empregadas na construção dos bundles: higienização das mãos, gluconato de clorexidina como antisséptico para pele, uso de barreira máxima de precaução durante a inserção cateter, evitar acessar veia femoral e verificar necessidade diária de permanência do cateter, com sua remoção imediata quando não mais indicado. A maioria dos estudos demonstrou resultados estatisticamente significantes na redução de infecção de corrente sanguínea relacionada ou associada a cateter intravenoso central.Esta es una revisión integradora tuvo como objetivo identificar intervenciones basadas en evidencias que componen método bundle de reducción de infección sanguínea relacionadas o asociadas con catéter intravenoso central. Para recopilar los datos en las bases brasileñas e internacionales, utilizando la palabra clave bundle y los descriptores infecciones relacionadas con catéteres, control de infecciones y cateterización venosa central, identificando, con los criterios de inclusión, muestra de quince artículo. Este estudio muestra cinco intervenciones como comúnmente empleadas en los métodos bundles: higiene de las manos, clorhexidina como antiséptico para la piel, uso de precaución de barrera máxima durante la inserción del catéter, evitar el acceso de la vena femoral y comprobar la necesidad diaria del cat

  4. Uso profilático de Mupirocina em cateter venoso central de hemodiálise: revisão sistemática e metanálise Uso profiláctico de Mupirocina en cateter venoso central de hemodiálisis: revisión sistemática y metaanálisis Prophylactic use of Mupirocin in hemodialysis central venous catheters: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Taminato

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto do uso de Mupirocina tópica em inserção de cateter venoso central para hemodiálise. MÉTODOS: Revisão Sistemática com Metanálise. RESULTADOS: Após uma criteriosa e extensa busca, foram incluídos três ensaios clínicos que compararam o uso de Mupirocina versus outra intervenção em cateter venoso central para hemodiálise. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo apontou que o uso de Mupirocina tópica é eficaz para redução dos episódios de infecções entre os pacientes em hemodiálise, aumentando o tempo de utilização do cateter, além de reduzir significativamente as infecções por S aureus as mais prevalentes nessa população.OBJETIVO: Evaluar el impacto del uso de Mupirocina tópica en inserción de cateter venoso central para hemodiálisis. MÉTODOS: Revisión Sistemática con Metaanálisis. RESULTADOS: Después de una criteriosa y extensa búsqueda, se incluyeron tres ensayos clínicos que compararon el uso de Mupirocina versus otra intervención en cateter venoso central para hemodiálise. CONCLUSIÓN: El estudio demostró que el uso de Mupirocina tópica es eficaz para la reducción de los episodios de infecciones entre los pacientes en hemodiálisis, aumentando el tiempo de utilización del cateter, además de reducir significativamente las infecciones por S aureus, las más prevalentes en esa población.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the use of topical Mupirocin on the insertion of central venous catheter for hemodialysis. METHODS: This was a systematic review with meta-analysis. RESULTS: After a careful and extensive search, we included three clinical trials that compared the use of Mupirocin versus other intervention in central venous catheter for hemodialysis. CONCLUSION: The study found that the use of topical Mupirocin is effective in reducing episodes of infection among hemodialysis patients, increasing duration time for catheter, and significantly reducing S aureus infections, which are the most

  5. Analysis of risk factors and the establishment of a risk model for peripherally inserted central catheter thrombosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang Hu; Ruo-Nan Hao; Jie Zhang; Zhi-Cheng Ma

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the main risk factors of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) related upper extremity deep venous thrombosis and establish the risk predictive model of PICC-related upper extremity deep venous thrombosis. Methods: Patients with PICC who were hospitalized between January 2014 and July 2015 were studied retrospectively; they were divided into a thrombosis group (n ¼ 52), with patients who had a venous thrombosis complication after PICC, and a no-thrombosis group (n ¼ 144), with patients without venous thrombosis. To compare between the two groups, significantly different variables were selected to perform multivariate logistic regression to establish the risk-predictive model. Results: The PICC catheter history, catheter tip position, and diameter of blood vessel were the key factors for thrombosis. The logistic regression predictive model was as follows:Y ¼ 3.338 þ 2.040 ? PICC catheter history þ1.964? catheter tip position ?1.572? diameter of vessel. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the model was 0.872, 95%CI (0.817e0.927). The cut-off point was 0.801, the sensitivity of the model was 0.832, and the specificity was 0.745. Conclusions: The PICC catheterization history, catheter tip position, the diameter of blood vessel were the key factors for thrombosis. The logistic regression risk model based on these factors is reliable for predicting PICC-related upper extremity deep venous thrombosis.

  6. [Ultrasound-guided central venous access in adults and children: Procedure and pathological findings].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheiermann, P; Seeger, F H; Breitkreutz, R

    2010-01-01

    Central venous line placement is a standard procedure in critical care and peri-operative medicine. This procedure can be associated with severe complications. In contrast to the landmark technique, ultrasound-guided punctures can significantly reduce the rate of complications. Patients with a high risk for difficult vascular access include critical care and emergency patients as well as patients on anticoagulation medication and dialysis. Placement of central venous catheters can be difficult in ventilated patients and if there has been prior surgery in the puncture area. In children and small infants central venous access can also be challenging due to the anatomical relationship in the head and neck region. Puncture techniques are explained briefly by means of ultrasound anatomy. Typical ultrasonographic images visualize pathological findings in order to identify dangers and complications in central venous catheterization.

  7. Observation Curative Effect of Central Venous Catheter Pleural Closed Drainage in Treatment of Tuberculous Pleurisy%中心静脉导管胸腔闭式引流术治疗结核性胸膜炎疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁军霖

    2015-01-01

    目的:中心静脉导管胸腔闭式引流术治疗结核性胸膜炎疗效观察。方法本文选取我院于2012年12月~2014年12月收治的80例结核性胸膜炎患者,将其随机分为治疗组和对照组,对照组采用常规胸腔穿刺针引流手术,治疗组采用中心静脉导管胸腔闭式引流术,对比两组患者的临床疗效和不良反应。结果治疗组患者的抽液总量、胸腔积液吸收时间、住院时间以及退热时间四项指标结果优于对照组对应指标结果,两组结果对比存在差异(P<0.05),具有统计学意义。结论结核性胸膜炎患者采用中心静脉导管胸腔闭式引流术实施治疗,可以减少患者的不良反应,操作更加方便、有效。%Objective Observe the curative effect of central venous catheter pleural closed drainage in the treatment of tuberculous pleurisy.Methods Selected 80 cases of tuberculous pleurisy from 2012 December to 2014 December in hospital, randomly divided into treatment group and control group, control group using conventional pleural puncture needle drainage surgery, the treatment group used the central venous catheter pleural closed drainage, compared clinical curative effect and adverse reaction in two groups. Results The treatment group of pumping liquid volume, pleural effusion absorption time, the period of hospital and fever time results is better than the control group, the results of two groups exist signiifcant difference (P<0.05), had statistical significance. Conclusion Tuberculoses pleurisy patients with central venous catheter pleural closed drainage treatment, reduce the adverse reaction of patients, operation more convenient.

  8. 经皮穿刺置入中心静脉导管治疗肝脓肿34例临床分析%The clinical analysis of 34 cases applying single lumen central venous catheter in percutaneous puncture in treatment of liver abscess

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈付伟; 雷素斌

    2014-01-01

    ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical application value of single lumen central venous catheter in percutaneous puncture in treatment of liver abscess.MethodsThe clinical data of 34 cases liver abscess applied single lumen central venous catheter after percutaneous were retrospectively analyzed.Results 34 cases of liver abscess all successfully punctured,2 cases of abscess rupture combined with infradiaphragmatic drainage,the 34 patients’ abdominal pain symptoms significantly relieved after puncturing 24-48 hours,the fever symptoms disappeared,and the tube drawed after drainage pipe disappeared 7-21 days,34 cases were all cured.Conclusion The effect of single lumen central venous catheter in percutaneous puncture in treatment of liver abscess is effective,has fewer complications,less trauma and pain,and low cost,and can operate bedside the bed,and it is worth of the clinical promotion and application.%目的:探讨单腔中心静脉导管在经皮穿刺治疗肝脓肿中的临床应用价值。方法回顾性分析我科采用单腔中心静脉导管经皮穿刺治疗的34例肝脓肿患者的临床资料。结果34例肝脓肿患者均一次穿刺成功,2例脓肿破溃者联合膈下穿刺置管引流,34例患者均在穿刺24~48h后腹痛症状明显减轻,发热症状消失,引流7~21d脓腔消失后拔管,34例患者均治愈。结论超声引导下经皮穿刺置入单腔中心静脉导管引流治疗肝脓肿疗效确切,并发症少,创伤小,痛苦轻,费用低,并且能在床边操作,值得临床推广和应用。

  9. 探讨预见性护理方案对肿瘤患者中心静脉置管相关性感染的防治效果%Preventive Effect of the Predictive Nursing Plan for the Prevention of the Infection of Central Venous Catheter Related Infections in the Patients With Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王素玲

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the nursing care plan tube associated infections prevention effect cancer patients at the center vein.MethodsFrom January 2014 to December 2014 in our hospital,80 cases of central venous catheters in cancer patients were randomly divided into two groups and the control group of 40 patients,the implementation of the control group in which patients with routine care,nursing care to patients in the observation group on this basis,nursing effect compared two groups of patients.ResultsThe patients with central venous catheter-related infection rate was significantly lower than the control group,nursing satisfaction rate was higher,compare the difference between groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion The central venous catheter nursing care for patients with cancer can reduce the risk of infection and improve patient care satisfaction rate.%目的:探讨预见性护理方案在肿瘤患者中心静脉置管相关性感染的防治效果。方法选取2014年1~12月在我院接受治疗的中心静脉置管肿瘤患者80例,将其随机分为观察组与对照组,每组患者40例。其中对照组患者实施常规护理,观察组患者在此基础上加以预见性护理,对比两组患者的护理效果。结果观察组患者中心静脉置管相关性感染率低于对照组,护理满意率高于对照组,组间比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论对中心静脉置管肿瘤患者实施预见性护理可降低感染率,提高患者护理满意率。

  10. Incidence, risk factors, microbiology of venous catheter associated bloodstream infections - A prospective study from a tertiary care hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Kaur

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : Central venous catheters (CVCs though indispensable in current medical and intensive care treatment, also puts patients at risk of catheter related infection (CRI resulting in increased morbidity and mortality. We analysed the incidence, risk factors, bacteriological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the isolates in central venous catheter associated bloodstream infection (CVC-BSI in the intensive care unit (ICU patients and studied the formation of biofilm in CVCs. Materials and Methods: The following case control study included 115 patients with CVC in situ. Quantitative blood cultures (QBC and catheter tip cultures were performed for the diagnoses. Direct catheter staining was done for an early diagnosis by acridine orange (AO and Gram staining methods. Biofilm production in catheters was detected by ′tissue culture plate′ (TCP method. The results were analysed using the computer-based program statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS. Results : In 25/115 patients, definite diagnosis of CVC-BSI was made. The mean age was 48.44 ± 17.34 years (cases vs 40.10 ± 18.24 years (controls and the mean duration of catheterisation was 25.72 ± 8.73 days (cases vs 11.89 ± 6.38 days (controls. Local signs of infection (erythema, tenderness and oozing were found more significantly in CVC-BSI cases. The AO staining was more sensitive and Gram staining of catheters showed higher specificity. Staphylococcus aureus followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and non-albicans Candida were common CVC-BSI pathogens. Multidrug-resistant (MDR strains were isolated in bacterial agents of CVC-BSI. Non-albicans Candida and Enterococcus faecalis showed strong biofilm production. Conclusion : The incidence of CVC-BSI was 21.73% and the rate was 14.59 per 1000 catheter days. Prolonged ICU stay and longer catheterisation were major risk factors. S. aureus was isolated most commonly in CVC-BSI cases. The menace of multidrug resistance and

  11. Central venous obstruction in hemodialysis patients: the usefulness of percutaneous treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Cheol Young; Goo, Dong Erk; Kim, Dae Ho; Hong, Hyun Suk; Lee, Hae Kyoung; Choi, Duk Lin; Yang, Sung Boo; Moon, Chul [College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang Univ., Chonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-04-01

    To analyse the effectiveness of percutaneous treatment of central venous obstruction in patients undergoing hemodialysis. In 100 patients, 107 central venous strictures (56 subclavian (occlusion:21, stenosis:35) and 51 innominate (occlusion:23,stenosis:28)) were assessed, and 170 percutaneous angioplasty procedures were performed. Balloon dilation of the venous lumen was the preferred mode, but if dilation was incomplete we inserted a stent at the site of the stricture. Technical success, procedural complications and the long-term patency rate were evaluated, and the patency difference according to location and degree of stricture, the existence of DM, and any history of central catheter insertion was also determined. We inserted 52 stents in 170 procedures, in 157 (92.4%) of which initial technical success was achieved. Stent migration occurred in two cases and balloon rupture in three. The 6- and 12-month primary patency rates were 46.2% and 24.1%, respectively, and the mean patency rate was 8.5 months. The 1-, 2-and 3-year accumulative patency rates were 59.8%, 47.5% and 35.7%, respectively, and the mean patency rate was 23.5 months. Other than in the history of central catheter insertion, there were no statistically significant differences in patency rates (p=0.0128). In hemodialysis patients with a central venous stricture, percutaneous angioplasty is a safe and useful procedure, but to maintain long-term central venous patency, repeated interventions are required.

  12. Uso de cateteres venosos totalmente implantados para nutrição parenteral: cuidados, tempo de pe