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  1. Short-term poverty dynamics of rural households: Evidence from Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

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    Stefan Schwarze

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The understanding of poverty dynamics is crucial for the design of appropriate poverty reduction strategies. Taking the case of Central Sulawesi, we investigate the determinants of both chronic and transitory poverty using data from 264 randomly selected households interviewed in 2005 and 2007. Regarding the US 1$/day poverty line, the headcount index declined from 19.3% in 2005 to 18.2% in 2007. However, we observed an increasing number of people living on less than US 2$/day expressed in purchasing power parity (PPP. The results of the estimated multinomial logit model applied in this study indicate that a lack of non-agricultural employment opportunities and low endowment of social capital are major determinants of chronic as well as transitory poverty in this province of Indonesia. These results are used to draw policy conclusions with respect to the alleviation of transitory and chronic poverty in Central Sulawesi.

  2. Disposal of household burned garbage and risk of low birth weight in Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

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    Puti Sari Hidayangsih

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLatar belakang: Pembakaran sampah di dalam rumah tanggadapat mempengaruhi berat badan bayi lahir rendah (BBLR. Pada tulisan ini disajikan pembakaran sampah di rumah tangga terhadap risiko BBLR.Metode: Analisis data menggunakan sebagian data studi potong lintang Riskesdas 2013 di Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Data yang dianalisis ialah data bayi berusia 0-11 bulan. Berat badan bayi waktu lahir berdasarkan catatan berat bayi saat lahir yang tercatat dalam kuesioner Riskesdas. Bayi dikategorikan BBLR jika berat badan waktu lahir kurang dari 2500 gram. Hasil: Di antara 281 bayi yang mempunyai catatan berat badan lahir terdapat 10,6% (23 bayi yang BBLR. Bayi yang tinggal di rumah tangga dengan perilaku pengelolaan sampah dengan cara dibakar dibandingkan dengan selain dibakar mempunyai risiko 2,3 kali lipat mengalami BBLR (RRa=2,28; 95% CI=1,18-8,61. Kesimpulan: Bayi yang tinggal di rumah tangga dengan sampah dibakar dibandingkan dengan tanpa sampah dibakar mempunyai risiko lebih tinggi BBLR di Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia. (Health Science Indones 2014;2:89-93Kata kunci: berat badan lahir rendah, pembakaran sampahAbstractBackground: The management of household waste by burning can affect the incidence of low birth weight (LBW. This paper aims to identify the burning of garbage at home and risk of low birth weight. Methods: This analysis used a part of Riskesdas 2013 data in the Central Sulawesi Province. Subjects analyzed were infants aged 0-11 months. Baby’s weight was based on the baby’s birth weightwhich was recorded in the questionnaire of Riskesdas. The infants were categorized as LBW, if the recorded birth weight was less than 2500 grams. Results: Out of 392 babies,  281 babies had recorded birth weightswhich could be proved by documentary evidence. The majority of babies were boys (50.9% and lived in rural areas (58.7%. The proportion of babies who had LBW was 10.6% (23 infants. The babies who were living in households with

  3. Short-term poverty dynamics of rural households: Evidence from Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    van Edig, Xenia; Schwarze, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    The understanding of poverty dynamics is crucial for the design of appropriate poverty reduction strategies. Taking the case of Central Sulawesi, we investigate the determinants of both chronic and transitory poverty using data from 264 randomly selected households interviewed in 2005 and 2007. Regarding the US 1$/day poverty line, the headcount index declined from 19.3% in 2005 to 18.2% in 2007. However, we observed an increasing number of people living on less than US 2$/day expressed in pu...

  4. Impact of forest disturbance on the structure and composition of vegetation in tropical rainforest of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

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    RAMADHANIL PITOPANG

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available We presented the structure and composition of vegetation in four (4 different land use types namely undisturbed primary forest, lightly disturbed primary forest, selectively logged forest, and cacao forest garden in tropical rainforest margin of the Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi Indonesia. Individually all big trees (dbh > 10 cm was numbered with tree tags and their position in the plot mapped, crown diameter and dbh measured, whereas trunk as well as total height measured by Vertex. Additionally, overstorey plants (dbh 2- 9.9 cm were also surveyed in all land use types. Identification of vouchers and additional herbarium specimens was done in the field as well as at Herbarium Celebense (CEB, Tadulako University, and Nationaal Herbarium of Netherland (L Leiden branch, the Netherland. The result showed that the structure and composition of vegetation in studied are was different. Tree species richness was decreased from primary undisturbed forest to cacao plantation, whereas tree diversity and its composition were significantly different among four (4 land use types. Palaquium obovatum, Chionanthus laxiflorus, Castanopsis acuminatissima, Lithocarpus celebicus, Canarium hirsutum, Eonymus acuminifolius and Sarcosperma paniculata being predominant in land use type A, B and C and Coffea robusta, Theobroma cacao, Erythrina subumbrans, Glyricidia sepium, Arenga pinnata, and Syzygium aromaticum in the cacao plantation. At the family level, undisturbed natural forest was dominated by Fagaceae and Sapotaceae disturbed forest by Moraceae, Sapotaceae, Rubiaceae, and agroforestry systems by Sterculiaceae and Fabaceae.

  5. Land use change effects on trace gas fluxes in the forest margins of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

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    Veldkamp, Edzo; Purbopuspito, Joko; Corre, Marife D.; Brumme, Rainer; Murdiyarso, Daniel

    2008-06-01

    Land use changes and land use intensification are considered important processes contributing to the increasing concentrations of the greenhouse gases nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) and of nitric oxide (NO), a precursor of ozone. Studies on the effects of land use changes and land use intensification on soil trace gas emissions were mostly conducted in Latin America and only very few in Asia. Here we present results from Central Sulawesi where profound changes in land use and cultivation practices take place: traditional agricultural practices like shifting cultivation and slash-and-burn agriculture are replaced by permanent cultivation systems and introduction of income-generating cash crops like cacao. Our results showed that N2O emissions were higher from cacao agroforestry (35 ± 10 μg N m-2 h-1) than maize (9 ± 2 μg N m-2 h-1), whereas intermediate rates were observed from secondary forests (25 ± 11 μg N m-2 h-1). NO emissions did not differ among land use systems, ranging from 12 ± 2 μg N m-2 h-1 for cacao agroforestry and secondary forest to 18 ± 2 μg N m-2 h-1 for maize. CH4 uptake was higher for maize (-30 ± 4 μg C m-2 h-1) than cacao agroforestry (-18 ± 2 μg C m-2 h-1) and intermediate rates were measured from secondary forests (-25 ± 4 μg C m-2 h-1). Combining these data with results from other studies in this area, we present chronosequence effects of land use change on trace gas emissions from natural forest, through maize cultivation, to cacao agroforestry (with or without fertilizer). Compared to the original forests, this typical land use change in the study area clearly led to higher N2O emissions and lower CH4 uptake with age of cacao agroforestry systems. We conclude that this common land use sequence in the area combined with the increasing use of fertilizer will strongly increase soil trace gas emissions. We suggest that the future hot spot regions of high N2O (and to a lesser extend NO) emissions in the tropics are those

  6. Disposal of household burned garbage and risk of low birth weight in Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Puti Sari Hidayangsih; Dwi Hapsari Tjandrarini; Antonius Yudi Kristanto; Noor Edi W. Sukoco

    2015-01-01

    AbstrakLatar belakang: Pembakaran sampah di dalam rumah tanggadapat mempengaruhi berat badan bayi lahir rendah (BBLR). Pada tulisan ini disajikan pembakaran sampah di rumah tangga terhadap risiko BBLR.Metode: Analisis data menggunakan sebagian data studi potong lintang Riskesdas 2013 di Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Data yang dianalisis ialah data bayi berusia 0-11 bulan. Berat badan bayi waktu lahir berdasarkan catatan berat bayi saat lahir yang tercatat dalam kuesioner Riskesdas. Bayi dikategor...

  7. Checklist of woody plants of Sulawesi, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keßler, P.J.A.; Bos, M.M.; Sierra Daza, S.E.C.; Kop, A.; Willemse, L.P.M.; Pitopang, R.; Gradstein, S.R.

    2002-01-01

    Sulawesi comprises of about 182,870 km² of land and fewer botanical specimens (about 23 specimens per 100 km², Whitten et al., 1987) have been collected here than in any other major island in Indonesia. This island is up to date botanically poorly explored and according to Van Steenis (1950) about 3

  8. Human health risk assessment of mercury vapor around artisanal small-scale gold mining area, Palu city, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia.

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    Nakazawa, Koyomi; Nagafuchi, Osamu; Kawakami, Tomonori; Inoue, Takanobu; Yokota, Kuriko; Serikawa, Yuka; Cyio, Basir; Elvince, Rosana

    2016-02-01

    Emissions of elemental mercury, Hg(0), from artisanal small-scale gold mining activities accounted for 37% of total global Hg(0) emissions in 2010. People who live near gold-mining areas may be exposed to high concentrations of Hg(0). Here, we assessed the human health risk due to Hg(0) exposure among residents of Palu city (Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia). The area around the city has more than 60t of gold reserves, and the nearby Poboya area is the most active gold-mining site in Indonesia. Owing to its geography, the city experiences alternating land and sea breezes. Sampling was done over a period of 3 years (from 2010 Aug. to 2012 Dec.) intermittently with a passive sampler for Hg(0), a portable handheld mercury analyzer, and a mercury analyzer in four areas of the city and in the Poboya gold-processing area, as well as wind speeds and directions in one area of the city. The 24-h average concentration, wind speed, and wind direction data show that the ambient air in both the gold-processing area and the city was always covered by high concentration of mercury vapor. The Hg(0) concentration in the city was higher at night than in the daytime, owing to the effect of land breezes. These results indicate that the inhabitants of the city were always exposed to high concentrations of Hg(0). The average daytime point-sample Hg(0) concentrations in the city, as measured with a handheld mercury analyzer over 3 days in July 2011, ranged from 2096 to 3299ngm(-3). In comparison, the average daytime Hg(0) concentration in the Poboya gold-processing area was 12,782ngm(-3). All of these concentrations are substantially higher than the World Health Organization air-quality guideline for annual average Hg exposure (1000ngm(-3)). We used the point-sample concentrations to calculate hazard quotient ratios by means of a probabilistic risk assessment method. The results indicated that 93% of the sample population overall was at risk (hazard quotient ratio ≥1 and cut off at

  9. CREDIT RATIONING OF FARM HOUSEHOLDS AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE IN THE RURAL AREAS OF CENTRAL SULAWESI, INDONESIA

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    Nunung Nuryartono

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} The agricultural sector provides the highest contribution to economic development in the Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. On average, the share of agriculture in the Product Domestic Regional Bruto (GRDP is more than 40% (2003. However, poverty is a widespread problem found in this area, as indicated by almost 46% of the total household are categorized as poor and most of them are farmers. Smallholders and poor farmers may perpetually be trapped in poverty due to lack of finance needed to undertake productive investment. This is indicated by lower rate of advance agricultural technology adoption, which results the productivity of some agricultural products in this area is lower compared to the national average.This paper addresses the question of whether greater access of financial services increase agricultural production. Specific research question addressed are as follow: (1 How many household have access to formal credit markets? (2 How many households are credit constrained? (3 What factors influence that households are credit constrained? (4 How does credit rationing influences agricultural production?As many studies have shown, many rural households lack access to either formal or informal credit institutions. In the rural areas of Central Sulawesi Province, particularly in the vicinity of the Lore Lindu National Park only 21.5% of the household have access to formal credits. The results also show that under certain conditions, only 18.1% of the households are not

  10. Impact of rainforest conversion on water yield, seasonal flow and floods in a tropical catchment in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

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    Kleinhans, A.; Gerold, G.

    2003-04-01

    Smallholder agriculture is playing an important role in rainforest conversion in the humid tropics. After conversion by smallholders the created landscape is characterized by a patchwork of different land use types in ever smaller patches undergoing a gradual change from forest dominated patches via annual crops to perennial plantation interspersed by secondary forest, pasture and annual crops. Our mountainous research area along the rainforest margin area of the Lore Lindu National Park in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia shows in an exemplary manner this sequence of conversion with natural forest at the mountainous upland and perennial plantation at the lowland connected by a moving transition zone of annual crops and young plantation. There, we are investigating the hydrological responses to the gradual conversions on the hydrological behaviour of low flows and high flows in a small catchment area and the factors causing these changes. To fulfil the goal we use a modified catchment approach with three weirs including water level recorders along the river with each weir representative for one predominant land use type. This design allows to measure the influence of land use changes on the water fluxes with the undisturbed headwater catchment serving as a reference. Additionally the meteorological inputs are measured with two automatic weather stations and four automatic rain gauges. On plot scale 30 soil water content measurement plots have been installed and soil physical properties in the different land use types have been measured to validate the results on catchment scale. Since the measurements started in 2001 our first results show an increase in the yearly water yield in the recently logged transition zone in comparison to the natural forest. Especially during low flow conditions water yield from converted areas is higher in comparison to natural forest. Reasons can be found in the reduced evapotranspiration after removal of the natural forest canopy. Floods

  11. Checklist of woody plants of Sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Keßler, P.J.A.; Bos, M.M.; Sierra Daza, S.E.C.; Kop, A.; Willemse, L.P.M.; Pitopang, R.; Gradstein, S.R.

    2002-01-01

    Sulawesi comprises of about 182,870 km² of land and fewer botanical specimens (about 23 specimens per 100 km², Whitten et al., 1987) have been collected here than in any other major island in Indonesia. This island is up to date botanically poorly explored and according to Van Steenis (1950) about 32,500 specimens of plants were recorded, the number is probably only a rough estimation and certainly in the precomputer era not based on real specimens. Within the framework of STORMA (Stability o...

  12. Gently dipping normal faults identified with Space Shuttle radar topography data in central Sulawesi, Indonesia, and some implications for fault mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, J.E.

    2011-01-01

    Space-shuttle radar topography data from central Sulawesi, Indonesia, reveal two corrugated, domal landforms, covering hundreds to thousands of square kilometers, that are bounded to the north by an abrupt transition to typical hilly to mountainous topography. These domal landforms are readily interpreted as metamorphic core complexes, an interpretation consistent with a single previous field study, and the abrupt northward transition in topographic style is interpreted as marking the trace of two extensional detachment faults that are active or were recently active. Fault dip, as determined by the slope of exhumed fault footwalls, ranges from 4?? to 18??. Application of critical-taper theory to fault dip and hanging-wall surface slope, and to similar data from several other active or recently active core complexes, suggests a theoretical limit of three degrees for detachment-fault dip. This result appears to conflict with the dearth of seismological evidence for slip on faults dipping less than ~. 30??. The convex-upward form of the gently dipping fault footwalls, however, allows for greater fault dip at depths of earthquake initiation and dominant energy release. Thus, there may be no conflict between seismological and mapping studies for this class of faults. ?? 2011 Elsevier B.V.

  13. The impact of the warm phase of ENSO (El Niño Southern Oscillation events on water resource availability of tropical catchments in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

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    C. Leemhuis

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Precipitation anomalies caused by the warm phase (El Niño of the ENSO cycle lead to a strong decrease of water resources in South-East Asia. The aim of this work is to study the impact of warm phase ENSO caused precipitation anomalies on the water balance of a mesoscale tropical catchment in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia using a scenario analysis. We applied statistically generated precipitation anomalies caused by warm phase ENSO events on a validated hydrological model of the Palu River catchment (2694 km2 to investigate the implications of the generated ENSO scenarios on the total annual water balance, the annual discharge regime and the discharge variability. Moreover we analysed the influence of various catchment characteristics during warm phase ENSO conditions on the discharge variability through a comparison of different sub-catchment types. The results of the scenario analysis proved a severe decline of the annual discharge rate during warm phase ENSO conditions and an increase of the overall discharge variability.

  14. Time series regression and ARIMAX for forecasting currency flow at Bank Indonesia in Sulawesi region

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    Suharsono, Agus; Suhartono, Masyitha, Aulia; Anuravega, Arum

    2015-12-01

    The purpose of the study is to forecast the outflow and inflow of currency at Indonesian Central Bank or Bank Indonesia (BI) in Sulawesi Region. The currency outflow and inflow data tend to have a trend pattern which is influenced by calendar variation effects. Therefore, this research focuses to apply some forecasting methods that could handle calendar variation effects, i.e. Time Series Regression (TSR) and ARIMAX models, and compare the forecast accuracy with ARIMA model. The best model is selected based on the lowest of Root Mean Squares Errors (RMSE) at out-sample dataset. The results show that ARIMA is the best model for forecasting the currency outflow and inflow at South Sulawesi. Whereas, the best model for forecasting the currency outflow at Central Sulawesi and Southeast Sulawesi, and for forecasting the currency inflow at South Sulawesi and North Sulawesi is TSR. Additionally, ARIMAX is the best model for forecasting the currency outflow at North Sulawesi. Hence, the results show that more complex models do not neccessary yield more accurate forecast than the simpler one.

  15. Differences in Power Structures Regarding Access to Natural Resources at the Village Level in Central Sulawesi (Indonesia

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    Jan Barkmann

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The mountain forests of the Indonesian province of Central Sulawesi include core areas of the global Wallacea biodiversity “hotspot”. Remote sensing data indicated that deforestation rates around Central Sulawesi’s Lore-Lindu National Park differ more strongly between villages than could be explained by differences in the individual characteristics of the village households as assessed by quantitative village censuses. This setting provided the background for a study into inter-village differences in power structures regarding access to natural resources. Our results are abstracted from 3*10 semi-structured, qualitative interviews with key informants from the leading groups of autochthonous and migrant households of three contrasting villages. In village A, nearly feudal power relationships are exerted by a group of local “first settler” families that dominate formal village leadership as well as the influential Council of Traditional Leaders (Lembaga Adat, and that restrict deforestation and land transactions. No such institutional restrictions exist in village C. Traditional power relationships are replaced by economic power based on petty capitalist type production of the international agricultural commodity cocoa. Deforestation is muchhigher in village C. In village B, traditional institutions and power structures still appear in place although land transactions are less restricted than in village A, resulting also in high deforestation rates. While contrasting problematic social effects, our study highlights the potential efficacy of traditional institutions in the regulation of access to resources. ----- Die Bergregenwälder Zentralsulawesis sind Teil des globalen Wallacea-Biodiversität-"Hotspots" und beheimaten viele endemische Tier- und Pflanzenarten. Die Entwaldung im Bereich des dortigen Lore-Lindu Nationalparks unterscheidet sich zwischen umliegenden Dörfern stärker, als dies durch quantitative Haushaltsdaten zu erkl

  16. Satellite-based prediction of rainfall interception by tropical forest stands of a human-dominated landscape in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

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    Nieschulze, Jens; Erasmi, Stefan; Dietz, Johannes; Hölscher, Dirk

    2009-01-01

    SummaryRainforest conversion to other land use types drastically alters the hydrological cycle in which changes in rainfall interception contribute significantly to the observed differences. However, little is known about the effects of more gradual changes in forest structure and at regional scales. We studied land use types ranging from natural forest over selectively-logged forest to cacao agroforest in a lower montane region in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, and tested the suitability of high-resolution optical satellite imagery for modeling observed interception patterns. Investigated characteristics indicating canopy structure were mean and standard deviation of reflectance values, local maxima, and self-similarity measures based on the grey level co-occurrence matrix and geostatistical variogram analysis. Previously studied and published rainfall interception data comprised twelve plots and median values per land use type ranged from 30% in natural forest to 18% in cacao agroforests. A linear regression model with local maxima, mean contrast and normalized digital vegetation index (NDVI) as regressors was able to explain more than 84% ( Radj2) of the variation encountered in the data. Other investigated characteristics did not prove significant in the regression analysis. The model yielded stable results with respect to cross-validation and also produced realistic values and spatial patterns when applied at the landscape level (783.6 ha). High values of interception were rare and localized in natural forest stands distant to villages, whereas low interception characterized the intensively used sites close to settlements. We conclude that forest use intensity significantly reduced rainfall interception and satellite image analysis can successfully be applied for its regional prediction, and most forest in the study region has already been subject to human-induced structural changes.

  17. Larger Foraminifera from the Spermonde Archipelago (Sulawesi, Indonesia)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Troelstra, S.R.; Jonkers, H.M.; Rijk, de S.

    1996-01-01

    A systematic description of the distributional patterns of larger symbiont-bearing benthic Foraminifera from the Spermonde Archipelago (Sulawesi, Indonesia) and their relation with local coral reef growth is presented. The larger Foraminiferal assemblages and diversity indices correspond with the di

  18. Short-term Poverty Dynamics of Rural Households in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia – Evidence from Panel Data of 2005 and 2007.

    OpenAIRE

    van Edig, Xenia

    2011-01-01

    The understanding of poverty dynamics is crucial for the design of appropriate poverty reduction strategies. Taking the case of Central Sulawesi, we investigate the determinants of both chronic and transitory poverty using data from 264 randomly selected households interviewed in 2005 and 2007. Regarding the US 1$/day poverty line, the headcount index declined from 19.3% in 2005 to 18.2% in 2007. However, we observed an increasing number of people living on less than US 2$/day exp...

  19. Earliest hominin occupation of Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Bergh, Gerrit D.; Li, Bo; Brumm, Adam; Grün, Rainer; Yurnaldi, Dida; Moore, Mark W.; Kurniawan, Iwan; Setiawan, Ruly; Aziz, Fachroel; Roberts, Richard G.; Suyono; Storey, Michael; Setiabudi, Erick; Morwood, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    Sulawesi is the largest and oldest island within Wallacea, a vast zone of oceanic islands separating continental Asia from the Pleistocene landmass of Australia and Papua (Sahul). By one million years ago an unknown hominin lineage had colonized Flores immediately to the south, and by about 50 thousand years ago, modern humans (Homo sapiens) had crossed to Sahul. On the basis of position, oceanic currents and biogeographical context, Sulawesi probably played a pivotal part in these dispersals. Uranium-series dating of speleothem deposits associated with rock art in the limestone karst region of Maros in southwest Sulawesi has revealed that humans were living on the island at least 40 thousand years ago (ref. 5). Here we report new excavations at Talepu in the Walanae Basin northeast of Maros, where in situ stone artefacts associated with fossil remains of megafauna (Bubalus sp., Stegodon and Celebochoerus) have been recovered from stratified deposits that accumulated from before 200 thousand years ago until about 100 thousand years ago. Our findings suggest that Sulawesi, like Flores, was host to a long-established population of archaic hominins, the ancestral origins and taxonomic status of which remain elusive.

  20. Earliest hominin occupation of Sulawesi, Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Den Bergh, Gerrit D.; Li, Bo; Brumm, Adam;

    2016-01-01

    Sulawesi is the largest and oldest island within Wallacea, a vast zone of oceanic islands separating continental Asia from the Pleistocene landmass of Australia and Papua (Sahul). By one million years ago an unknown hominin lineage had colonized Flores immediately to the south, and by about 50 th...

  1. Larger Foraminifera from the Spermonde Archipelago (Sulawesi, Indonesia)

    OpenAIRE

    Troelstra, S. R.; Jonkers, H.M.; Rijk, de, J.

    1996-01-01

    A systematic description of the distributional patterns of larger symbiont-bearing benthic Foraminifera from the Spermonde Archipelago (Sulawesi, Indonesia) and their relation with local coral reef growth is presented. The larger Foraminiferal assemblages and diversity indices correspond with the diversity of Scleractinia and marine plants on the Spermonde platform. Our results indicate that the group is an excellent biomonitor for the health condition of recent coral reefs and a valuable too...

  2. Growth, yield and nutritive value of new introduced brachiaria species and legume herbs as ruminant feed in central sulawesi, indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh, maintained 484 hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureusL.) accessions. Distribution of vine colors, flower and pod colors, pod curvature and beak position on pod noticed the presence of substantial variation in the collection. Shannon Diversity Index also revealed high phenotypic diversity in vine and pod characters. High diversities were estimated in quantitative characters of inflorescence and pod characters. Considering a core collection strategy, the accessions were stratified into two groups based on vine colors: green and purple. Maximum genotypes of the collection were of green vine. Each of two subgroups were divided into three groups according to colors of pod i.e., green, white and red. Each group again divided itself into two according to beak position as central and marginal of pod. High diversity was also found regarding pod curvature and beak position on it. Strategically, a core subset consisting of 36 accessions out of 484 accessions was determined. Diversity Indices of different characters of the core accessions were of equal or higher magnitudes to the respective characters of base collection indicating the better representation of core to the original collection. (author)

  3. Is South Sulawesi a Center of Growth in Eastern Indonesia? : Japanese ODA Strategy Revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Takahashi, Kazushi; 高橋, 和志

    2009-01-01

    Japanese ODA, especially that undertaken by JICA, has targeted South Sulawesi Province as a core area of development in eastern Indonesia, with hope that the economic growth of South Sulawesi will bring about spillover effects in other regions. This paper tests the validity of the strategy using a framework of Vector Autoregressive model. The results show that South Sulawesi’s economy Granger causes other regions in eastern Indonesia, but not vice versa, implying that South Sulawesi drives th...

  4. A new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae from South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

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    Harry Wiriadinata

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A new species, Begonia hooveriana Wiriad., is described from Tanah Toraja in South Sulawesi. It belongs to Begonia section Petermannia and brings the total number of Begonia species native to Sulawesi to 43 species. 

  5. Revision of Megascogaster (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Cheloninae), with a new species from Sulawesi, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kittel, Rebecca N

    2014-09-08

    Megascogaster wallacei sp. n. is described from Sulawesi, Indonesia. This is the first representative south of the Philippines and is only the second species of this rare genus described since the type species, M. elongata Baker, 1926. The presence of Megascogaster in Sulawesi, a part of Wallacea, points to a broader distribution of the genus in Southeast Asia. A redescription of M. elongata and a description of the new species M. wallacei are presented along with a key to separate them. 

  6. PERKEMBANGAN TAMADUN ISLAM DI SULAWESI SELATAN, INDONESIA:DARI PERSPEKTIFARKEOLOGI DAN SEJARAH

    OpenAIRE

    Rosmawati

    2013-01-01

    DEVELOPMENTISLAMIC CIVILISATIONS IN SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA: ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES ABSTRACT This study is aimed at gathering comprehensive data and information on the Islamic civilisations in south Sulawesi, in particular its distribution, origin, type, development, local influences, meaning as well as its role in Southeast Asia. The study is carried out using two methods, namely archaeological and historical methods. The Number of sitessurveyedwas29. The results...

  7. Magmatism in West Sulawesi, Indonesia: Geochemical characteristics and economic implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miocene to Quaternary igneous rocks in south, central and northern Sulawesi have distinctive geochemical characteristics, with isotopic signatures much more extreme than those of sedimentary rocks in the area. Temporal variations in magma geochemistry are superimposed on these regional variations. In southern Sulawesi, pre-Miocene rocks have a calc-alkaline signature, which evolves to a high-K calc-alkaline signature in Miocene times, whereas Quaternary volcanics have lower potassium contents. These variations are matched by changes in radiogenic isotopes, with the Miocene rocks having the most enriched Sr and Nd isotopic signature, the pre-Miocene rocks the least enriched signature. Trace element behaviour does not follow this pattern. The Quaternary rocks show the greatest enrichments in incompatible elements such as Nb, Zr and Hf (approximately 4 times higher than N-MORB) whereas the Miocene and pre-Miocene rocks have levels of these elements similar to N-MORB. This large isotopic and geochemical variation could reflect contrasting crustal terranes with significant age differences or the composition of the material subducted prior to and during continental collision

  8. Intestinal parasitic infections in Campalagian district, south Sulawesi, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangali, A; Sasabone, P; Syafruddin; Abadi, K; Hasegawa, H; Toma, T; Kamimura, K; Miyagi, I

    1993-06-01

    Intestinal parasitic infections were surveyed in the inhabitants of 3 coastal and 2 inland villages of Campalagian District, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, in July 1992. A total of 398 fecal samples were examined by using Kato-Katz thick smear, Harada-Mori culture and agar-plate culture techniques. Protozoan cysts were examined by formalin ether concentration technique on 380 fecal samples. Soil-transmitted helminth infections were highly prevalent with the overall positive rates as follows: Ascaris lumbricoides 25.3%, Trichuris trichiura 59.3%, hookworm 68.3% and Strongyloides stercoralis 2.3%. Eight species of protozoan were detected with the overall prevalence as follows: Entamoeba histolytica 10.9%, E. hartmanni 16.3%, E. coli 31.9%, Endolimax nana 12.5%, Iodamoeba buetschlii 5.4%, Giardia lamblia 4.6%, Chilomastix mesnili 0.8% and Blastocystis hominis 18.0%. In the inland villages, prevalence of hookworm infection was higher than Ascaris and Trichuris infections, while in the coastal villages Trichuris infection was predominant. Egg count revealed that the infection level was light in most of the hookworm and Trichuris carriers. Prevalence of lavatories among houses appeared to be inversely proportional to the prevalence of hookworm infection. Meanwhile, the incomplete structure of the lavatories might result in contamination of environment with Ascaris and Trichuris eggs. Harada-Mori culture was the most efficient method in the detection of hookworm infection compared to other techniques. Both Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale were found in all villages, but the former was the predominant species. An adult pinworm was detected by agar-plate culture of feces. Two types of pinworm males, corresponding to Enterobius vermicularis and E. gregorii, were observed. PMID:8266235

  9. Microblock rotations and fault coupling in SE Asia triple junction (Sulawesi, Indonesia) from GPS and earthquake slip vector data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Socquet, A.; Simons, W.J.F.; Vigny, C.; McCaffrey, R.; Subarya, C.; Sarsito, D.; Ambrosius, B.; Spakman, W.

    2006-01-01

    The island of Sulawesi, eastern Indonesia, is located within the triple junction of the Australian, Philippine, and Sunda plates and accommodates the convergence of continental fragments with the Sunda margin. We quantify the kinematics of Sulawesi by modeling GPS velocities and earthquake slip vect

  10. Tree diversity in sub-montane and lower montane primary rain forests in Central Sulawesi

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Culmsee, H.; Pitopang, R.

    2009-01-01

    The tree diversity of sub-montane and lower montane primary forests is studied in plot-based inventories on two sites in Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi. Out of 166 species in total, 50 % are new records for Sulawesi (19 %) or the Central Sulawesi province (31 %). Species richness decreas

  11. Energy and water fluxes above a cacao agroforestry system in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, indicate effects of land-use change on local climate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Falk, U.; Ibrom, A.; Oltchev, A.; Kreilein, H.; Merklein, J.; Gravenhorst, G. [Inst. of Bioclimatology, Univ. Goettingen (Germany); June, T. [Inst. Pertanian Bogor, BIOTROP-ICSEA, Bogor (Indonesia); Rauf, A. [Univ. Tadulako, Palu (Indonesia)

    2005-04-01

    Rapid conversion of tropical rainforests to agricultural land-use types occurs throughout Indonesia and South-East Asia. We hypothesize that these changes in land-use affect the turbulent heat exchange processes between vegetation and the atmosphere, and the radiative properties of the surface, and therefore, induce an impact on local climate and water flows. As part of the international research project (SFB 552, Stability of Rainforest Margins in Indonesia, STORMA) the turbulent heat fluxes over a cacao agroforestry system (AFS) were investigated, using the eddy covariance technique. These first heat flux observations above a cacao AFS showed an unexpectedly large contribution of the sensible heat flux to the total turbulent heat transport, resulting in an averaged day-time Bowen ratio of {beta} = H/{lambda}E {approx} 1. Seasonality of {beta} did mainly coincide with the seasonal course of precipitation, which amounted to 1970 mm yr{sup -1} during the investigated period. The findings are compared to investigations at four neotropical rain forests where daytime {beta} were substantially smaller than 1. All discussed sites received similar incident short wave radiation, however, precipitation at the neotropical sites was much higher. Our first observations in a nearby Indonesian upland rain forest where precipitation was comparable to that at the cacao AFS showed an intermediate behaviour. Differences in {beta} between the cacao AFS and the tropical forests are discussed as a consequence of differing precipitation amounts, and albedo. From these comparisons we conclude that conversion from tropical forests to cacao AFS affects the energy fluxes towards increased heating of the day-time convective boundary-layer. (orig.)

  12. A new Bent-toed gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Mekongga Mountains, South East Sulawesi, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riyanto, Awal; Kurniati, Hellen; Engilis, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    We describe Cyrtodactylus hitchi sp. nov., a new species of Bent-toed Gecko from montane forests in the Mekongga Mountains, South East Sulawesi, Indonesia. Although we cannot speculate about relationships, morphologically it shares several traits with C. batik, a large species known only from Mount Tompotika near the tip of Sulawesi's Eastern Peninsula. The following unique combination of characters distinguishes it from all other congeners: absence of precloacal groove, absence of precloacal and femoral pores, absence of enlarged femoral scales, no abrupt contact between large and small postfemoral scales, 18-20 lamellae under the fourth toes, and transversely enlarged, median subcaudal scales arranged in a single row. PMID:27394851

  13. Convergent evolution of aquatic foraging in a new genus and species (Rodentia: Muridae) from Sulawesi Island, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowe, Kevin C; Achmadi, Anang S; Esselstyn, Jacob A

    2014-01-01

    The island of Sulawesi, in Indonesia, lies at the crossroads of the Indo-Australian Archipelago and has remained isolated from the Asian (Sunda) and Australian (Sahul) continental shelves for at least the last 10 million years. Of the 50 native species of rodents on Sulawesi, all are endemic and represent the evolution of a variety of ecological and morphological forms within the Muridae and Sciuridae. Carnivorous rodents have evolved, perhaps independently, in Muridae from the Philippines, Sulawesi, and Sahul, but semi-aquatic murids are only known from Sahul. Here we describe a new genus and species of insectivorous water rat from Sulawesi. Phylogenetic analyses demonstrate that it is related to the shrew rats of Sulawesi and represents an origin of aquatic carnivory that is independent from the evolution of water rats on Sahul. Many areas of Sulawesi have not been surveyed systematically and current lists of mammal species are likely to dramatically underestimate actual diversity. PMID:24943633

  14. Creating Central Sulawesi. Mission Intervention, Colonialism and ‘Multiculturality’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Coté

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Creating Central Sulawesi: Mission Intervention, Colonialism and ‘Multiculturality’Central Sulawesi provides an example of how, under colonialism, non-state bodies contributed to the creation of new political identities in the Indonesian archipelago, and how the modern Indonesian state came to be based on these. Arguably, at the beginning of the twentieth century, the region was poised to be incorporated into the structure of one or other of the existing powerful Central and Southern Sulawesi political entities. As such, as just another ‘region’ in the sprawling archipelagic colony subjected to standard colonial policy, it should have been readily incorporated into the Indonesian state, albeit through the ‘Sulawesi Permesta’. Instead, in seeking to establish what one writer has described as a ‘volkskerk’ [people’s church], the ‘Poso mission’ established with colonial support by the Nederlandsche Zendinggenootschap [Netherlands Missionary Society] in 1892, was instrumental in defining new religious, cultural and linguistic boundaries. These acted to effectively isolate the Pamona people from adjacent Christian communities established by other missionary endeavours; from their Islamic neighbours and, arguably, from the ‘nation’. As elsewhere in the archipelago, the subsequent process of this region’s reintegration has formed part of the difficult postcolonial legacy inherited by the Indonesian nation.

  15. Distribution and Molecular Identification of the Termite Genus Coptotermes in South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Arif, Astuti; Muin, Musrizal; Nurariaty, Agus; Massi, Muh Nasrum

    2014-01-01

    Genus Coptotermes is a group of subterranean termite with almost all of the species caused damages in wooden structures and crop plants in the world, including in Indonesia. A survey and collection of termites using insidential sampling were conducted from 2012 to 2013 to investigate the the ditribution of Coptotermes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in South Sulawesi. A total of 34 samples was genetically analyzed based on gen mitochondrial DNA cytochrome sub-unit II (mtDNA COII). Based on the h...

  16. University and community partnerships in South Sulawesi, Indonesia: Enhancing community capacity and promoting democratic governance

    OpenAIRE

    Sri Mastuti; Ambo Masse; Ramsiah Tasruddin

    2014-01-01

    South Sulawesi is a province in Indonesia where the majority of the population is Muslim, with many variant interpretations of Islam. Alauddin State Islamic University is not just a place for teaching and study but also plays a role in helping to unify the differences among these different Islamic groups. Its changing of status from institute to university in 2005, and later the support of the Canadian-assisted SILE Project beginning in 2010, have made this university an example of reform in ...

  17. Prevalence of enteric parasites in pet macaques in Sulawesi, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones-Engel, Lisa; Engel, Gregory A; Schillact, Michael A; Froehlich, Jeffery; Paputungan, Umar; Kyes, Randall C

    2004-02-01

    On the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, nonhuman primate pets come into frequent contact with humans, presenting the possibility of zoonotic and anthropozoonotic disease transmission. We collected fecal samples from 88 pet macaques representing six of the seven macaque species currently recognized as endemic to Sulawesi (Macaca nigra, M. nigrescens, M. hecki, M. tonkeana, M. maura, and M. ochreata) as well as two non-endemic species (M. fascicularis and M. nemestrina) in order to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection in this population. Seven taxa of intestinal protozoa (Blastocystis hominis, Iodamoeba bütschlii, Entamoeba coli, Entamoeba hartmanni, Chilomastrix mesnili, Endolimax nana, and Retortamonas intestinalis) and three taxa of nematodes (hookworm, Trichuris spp., and Ascaris spp.) were detected. The overall parasitization rate was 59.1%. Commensal organisms predominated in this population. Parasitization was not statistically correlated with macaque age group, sex, species, or location, or with the owner's level of education. These findings are discussed in the context of primate pet ownership practices in Sulawesi. PMID:14983465

  18. Two new species and one new subspecies of Begonia (Begoniaceae from Southeast Sulawesi, Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deden Girmansyah

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Dua jenis baru dan satu subspesies, Begonia mekonggensis Girmansyah & Wiriadinata, Begonia watuwilensis Girmansyah, dan Begonia aptera Blume subsp. hirtissima Girmansyah & D.C.Thomas, telah dideskripsikan dari Gunung Mekongga dan Watuwila, Sulawesi Tenggara. Begonia mekonggensis dan Begonia watuwilensis termasuk kedalam seksi Petermannia. Kedua jenis ini memiliki karakter yang tidak umum dimiliki oleh seksi ini: Begonia mekonggensis berumah dua dan Begonia watuwilensis memiliki perbungaan yang tidak biasa yaitu bunga jantan mekar duluan yang keluar di bagian basal sedangkan betina di bagian atas perbungaan dengan banyak bunga. Begonia aptera Blume subsp. hirtissima ter- masuk kedalam seksi Sphenanthera.  

  19. Radiographic measurement of the cardiothoracic ratio in pet macaques from Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schillaci, Michael A. [Department of Social Sciences, University of Toronto Scarborough, 1265 Military Trail, Toronto, Ontario M1C 1A4 (Canada)], E-mail: schillaci@utsc.utoronto.ca; Parish, Stephanie [Department of Social Sciences, University of Toronto Scarborough, 1265 Military Trail, Toronto, Ontario M1C 1A4 (Canada); Jones-Engel, Lisa [National Primate Research Center, University of Washington, 1705 N.E. Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

    2009-11-15

    The relative size of the heart, as measured by the cardiothoracic ratio, is often used as an index of ventricular hypertrophy-an important measure of myocardial pathophysiology in human primates. Despite its widespread use in human medicine, use of the cardiothoracic ratio in nonhuman primate veterinary medicine has been poorly documented. This report describes the results of our radiographic study of the cardiothoracic ratio in a sample of pet monkeys from Sulawesi, Indonesia. We assessed the effects of age and sex on cardiothoracic ratios, and compared our estimates with those presented in the literature for the Formosan macaque (Macaca cyclopis). Our results indicated a significant difference between the Sulawesi macaque species groupings in cardiothoracic ratios. Sex and age-related differences were not significant. Comparisons of cardiothoracic ratios with published ratios indicated similarity between M. cyclopis and Macaca nigra, but not between M. cyclopis and Macaca tonkeana.

  20. Origin and geodynamic setting of Late Cenozoic granitoids in Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maulana, Adi; Imai, Akira; Van Leeuwen, Theo; Watanabe, Koichiro; Yonezu, Kotaro; Nakano, Takanori; Boyce, Adrian; Page, Laurence; Schersten, Anders

    2016-07-01

    Late Cenozoic granitoids are widespread in a 1600 km long belt forming the Western and Northern Sulawesi tectono-magmatic provinces. They can be divided into three rock series: shoshonitic (HK), high-K felsic calc-alkaline (CAK), and normal calc-alkaline to tholeiitic (CA-TH). Representative samples collected from eleven plutons, which were subjected to petrography, major element, trace element, Sr, Nd, Pb isotope and whole-rock δ18O analyses, are all I-type and metaluminous to weakly peraluminous. The occurrence of the two K-rich series is restricted to Western Sulawesi, where they formed in an extensional, post-subduction tectonic setting with astenospheric upwelling providing thermal perturbation and adiabatic decompression. Two parental magma sources are proposed: enriched mantle or lower crustal equivalent for HK magmas, and Triassic igneous rocks in a Gondwana-derived fragment thrust beneath the cental and northern parts of Western Sulawesi for CAK magmas. The latter interpretation is based on striking similarities in radiogenic isotope and trace element signatures. CA-TH granitoids are found mostly in Northern Sulawesi. Partial melting of lower-middle crust amphibolites in an active subduction environment is the proposed origin of these rocks. Fractional crystallization and crustal contamination have played a significant role in magma petrogenesis, particularly in the case of the HK and CAK series. Contamination by organic carbon-bearing sedimentary rocks of the HK and CAK granitoids in the central part of Western Sulawesi is suggested by their ilmenite-series (reduced) character. The CAK granitoids further to the north and CA-TH granitoids in Northern Sulawesi are typical magnetite-series (oxidized). This may explain differences in mineralization styles in the two regions.

  1. Effect of land use change on ecosystem function of dung beetles: experimental evidence from Wallacea Region in Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SHAHABUDDIN

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Shahabuddin (2011 Effect of land use change on ecosystem function of dung beetles: experimental evidence from Wallacea Region in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 12: 177-181. The deforestation of tropical forests and their subsequent conversion to human-dominated land-use systems is one of the most significant causes of biodiversity loss. However clear understanding of the links between ecological functions and biodiversity is needed to evaluate and predict the true environmental consequences of human activities. This study provided experimental evidence comparing ecosystem function of dung beetles across a land use gradient ranging from natural tropical forest and agroforestry systems to open cultivated areas in Central Sulawesi. Therefore, standardized dung pats were exposed at each land-use type to assess dung removal and parasite suppression activity by dung beetles. The results showed that ecosystem function of dung beetles especially dung burial activity were remarkably disrupted by land use changes from natural forest to open agricultural area. Dung beetles presence enhanced about 53% of the total dung removed and reduced about 83% and 63% of fly population and species number respectively, indicating a pronounce contribution of dung beetles in our ecosystem.

  2. Effects of land-use change on community composition of tropical amphibians and reptiles in Sulawesi, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanger, Thomas C; Iskandar, Djoko T; Motzke, Iris; Brook, Barry W; Sodhi, Navjot S; Clough, Yann; Tscharntke, Teja

    2010-06-01

    Little is known about the effects of anthropogenic land-use change on the amphibians and reptiles of the biodiverse tropical forests of Southeast Asia. We studied a land-use modification gradient stretching from primary forest, secondary forest, natural-shade cacao agroforest, planted-shade cacao agroforest to open areas in central Sulawesi, Indonesia. We determined species richness, abundance, turnover, and community composition in all habitat types and related these to environmental correlates, such as canopy heterogeneity and thickness of leaf litter. Amphibian species richness decreased systematically along the land-use modification gradient, but reptile richness and abundance peaked in natural-shade cacao agroforests. Species richness and abundance patterns across the disturbance gradient were best explained by canopy cover and leaf-litter thickness in amphibians and by canopy heterogeneity and cover in reptiles. Amphibians were more severely affected by forest disturbance in Sulawesi than reptiles. Heterogeneous canopy cover and thick leaf litter should be maintained in cacao plantations to facilitate the conservation value for both groups. For long-term and sustainable use of plantations, pruned shade trees should be permanently kept to allow rejuvenation of cacao and, thus, to prevent repeated forest encroachment. PMID:20151989

  3. Consumer Protection Towards Local Food Production In Southeast Sulawesi Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suriani BT. Tolo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Consumers have rights which should not just be ignored by businesses such as the right to be a safety the right be informed the right to be heard as well as the right to a good environment and healthy. Kendari Regency as a local government has been manifested by issuing regulations and policies that support the development of local food production such as the Mayor of Kendari regulation No. 15 of 2010 and Mayor Kendari Decree No. 427 of 2012 regarding the Establishment of Community Care Local Food. It appears that the local government is trying to make this local food as an alternative food. The type of research used in this paper is a socio-legal research reviewing the local food production from the perspective of consumer protection. The outcomes of the research indicate that responsibility of food business operators in the implementation of local production is essentially an effort to assist the government in ensuring the realization of food safety system. Therefore there is a need for awareness of the laws and regulations for all parties involved towards local food production especially in Kendari Regency Southeast Sulawesi on the food production process.

  4. Diversity and the role of yeast in spontaneous cocoa bean fermentation from Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAMILI

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Jamili, Yanti NA, Susilowati PE. 2016. Diversity and the role of yeast in spontaneous cocoa bean fermentation from Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 17: 90-95. Yeast is one of the microbial group which is role in the process of cocoa spontaneously fermentation. The objective of this study was to determinate and to know the diversity of yeast that role on cocoa bean fermentation. Yeast was isolated by pour plate method from cocoa bean that was naturally fermented by a cocoa farmer in Kolaka District, Southeast Sulawesi using yeast mannitol agar (YMA media. Yeast was characterized and identified using phenotypic characters based on numeric-phenetic analysis. Yeast isolates applied to cocoa bean to determine its role in cocoa bean fermentation. The result was obtained seven isolates the dominant yeast during cocoa bean fermentation in Kolaka District, Southeast Sulawesi. The result of numerical-phenetic analysis based on phenotypic characters to seven yeast isolates showed that 1 isolates (Klk1 identical with Candida krusei. Three isolates (Klk4, Klk5 and Klk7 identical with Candida tropicalis, one isolate (Klk2 identical with Saccharomycopsis fibuligera, one isolate (Klk3 identical with Kloeckera sp. and one isolate (Klk6 identical with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The result also showed that fermentation of cocoa with seeding of yeast inoculums served to increase the quality of cocoa beans than spontaneous fermentation. Therefore, the seven yeast isolates potentially be used as an inoculum to improve the cocoa quality.

  5. Differences in nutrient concentrations and resources between seagrass communities on carbonate and terrigenous sediments in South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erftemeijer, P.L.A.

    1994-01-01

    Water column, sediment and plant parameters were studied in six tropical seagrass beds in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, to evaluate the relation between seagrass bed nutrient concentrations and sediment type. Coastal seagrass beds on terrigenous sediments had considerably higher biomass of phytoplankto

  6. First record of Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae severely damaging field grown potato crops in South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasruddin Andi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood was reported for the first time in the South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia, and is causing significant damage to field grown potato crops. In an insecticide trial, the tuber yield in infested, untreated plants was reduced by 39%, and the plants had an average number of 68 adult whiteflies per leaflet.

  7. First record of a Tachaea species from Sulawesi (Indonesia) with description of its manca stage (Isopoda, Flabellifera, Corallanidae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bowman, Thomas E.; Botosaneanu, Lazare

    1992-01-01

    A corallanid isopod in the manca stage (lacking pereopod 7), collected from alluvial gravel along the Batui River in Sulawesi, Indonesia, and identified questionably as Tachaea lacustris Weber, 1892, is illustrated and described in detail. Tachaea lacustris was known previously only from freshwater

  8. Coral species identification and occurrences from sites at Mandano and Wakatobi, Sulawesi, Indonesia and Raiatea, Society Islands, French Polynesia, March-May, 2002 (NODC Accession 0039738)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data are coral species and occurrences data from Pacific reef areas (crest, flat, and slope) collected at sites in Manado, northern Sulawesi, Indonesia (app....

  9. CRAFTING HIZBIYYIN IN CONTEMPORARY INDONESIA: Da’wah and Recruitment of Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia in South Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syamsul Rijal

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at analysing the growing membership of Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI by looking at its local development in Makassar, South Sulawesi. While many scholars have emphasized external factors in explaining the rise of Islamist movements, including HTI, this study emphasizes internal explanation from the movement itself. It discusses the strong relationship between HTI da’wah doctrines, recruitment strategy and the joining process. The various recruitment methods and strategies of HTI are in line with its doctrinal stages of da’wah, namely  the stage of culturing (tathqif, the stage of interaction with the ummah, and the stage of taking over the government. This article suggests that individual persuasion through pre-existing interpersonal networks is crucial in attracting young Muslims to participate in HTI. Borrowing theories of conversion by Lofland-Stark and Wiktorowicz, the article demonstrates three  processses of joining in HTI: cognitive opening, religious seeking, and socialization.

  10. Quantifying the bat bushmeat trade in North Sulawesi, Indonesia, with suggestions for conservation action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheherazade

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The intense consumption of flying foxes in North Sulawesi, Indonesia has raised hunting pressure and extirpation is expected to spread into other regions. To assess local cultural attitudes towards bats for formulating a targeted conservation campaign, we conducted a survey of consumption practices of bats in 2013 at the eight major markets near Manado. Locals eat flying foxes at least once a month, but the frequency increases tenfold around Christian holidays. Approximately 500 metric tons of bats are imported from other provinces, with South Sulawesi as the main provider at 38%. No action has been taken to conserve the bats, as continued abundance in the market masks the effects of the bushmeat trade on wild populations. We suggest: (1 engaging churches as conduits for environmental education and quota enforcement; (2 legal regulation of interprovincial trade; (3 substituting bats with a sustainable option; (4 involving local students as campaigners to ensure higher receptiveness from local communities. Grassroots conservation initiatives combined with enforcement of existing laws aim to affect change on a local level, which has been successful in other conservation programs. These efforts would not only progress bat conservation, but conservation of other rare, endemic mammals common to the bushmeat trade.

  11. Drought effects on soil CO efflux in a cacao agroforestry system in Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Anas

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Climate change induced droughts pose a serious threat to ecosystems across the tropics and sub-tropics, particularly to those areas not adapted to natural dry periods. In order to study the vulnerability of cacao (Theobroma cacao – Gliricidia sepium agroforestry plantations to droughts a large scale throughfall displacement roof was built in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. In this 19-month replicated experiment, we measured soil surface CO2 efflux (soil respiration in three simulated drought plots compared with three adjacent control plots. Soil respiration rates peaked at intermediate soil moisture and decreased under increasingly dry conditions (drought induced, but also decreased when soils became water saturated, as evidenced in control plots. The simulated drought plots exhibited a slight decrease in soil respiration compared to the control plots (average 13% decrease. The strength of the drought effect was spatially variable – while some measurement chamber sites reacted strongly ("responsive" to the decrease in soil water content (up to R2=0.70 (n=11, others did not react at all ("non-responsive" (n=7. The degree of soil CO2 respiration drought response was highest around cacao tree stems and decreased with distance from the stem (R2=0.22. A significant correlation was measured between "responsive" soil respiration chamber sites and sap flux density ratios of cacao (R=0.61 and Gliricidia (R=0.65. Leaf litter CO2 respiration decreased as conditions became drier. During dry periods the litter layer contributed approximately 3–4% of the total CO2 efflux and up to 40% during wet periods. A CO2 flush was recorded during the rewetting phase that lasted for approximately two weeks, during which time accumulated labile carbon stocks mineralized. The net effect on soil CO2 emissions over the duration of the experiment was neutral, control plots respired 11.1±0.5 Mg C ha−1 yr−1, while roof plots respired 10.5±0.5 Mg C ha−1 yr−1.

  12. Do Migrants Degrade Coastal Environments? Migration, Natural Resource Extraction and Poverty in North Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassels, Susan; Curran, Sara R.; Kramer, Randall

    2016-01-01

    Recent literature on migration and the environment has identified key mediating variables such as how migrants extract resources from the environment for their livelihoods, the rate and efficiency of extraction, and the social and economic context within which their extraction occurs. This paper investigates these variables in a new ecological setting using data from coastal fishing villages in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. We do not find as many differences between migrant and non-migrant families regarding destructive fishing behavior, technology, and investment as might have been expected from earlier theories. Instead, the context and timing of migrant assimilation seems to be more important in explaining apparent associations of migration and environmental impacts than simply migrants themselves. This finding fits well with recent literature in the field of international migration and immigrant incorporation.

  13. Nutrient Content and pH of Honey Propolis Trigona from Masamba, South Sulawesi Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Nilawati Usman

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Honey and propolis have nutritional components that are beneficial to health, but data concerning nutrient components of honey mixed propolis is still lacking. This study aims to determine the nutrient components and PH honey given addition of propolis, that is honey propolis from Masamba Trigona bees, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. This type of research is laboratory research with sample85 grams Trigona honey mixed with 15 gram Propolis Trigona. The results showed that honey propolis Trigona of Masamba has low pH, high total phenols and quercetin content. Examination vitamin A, C and E show that vitamin C content is the highest while the mineral from 3 types examined, namely Magnesium, calcium and zinc, the highest is calcium. Further research is needed on the benefits of honey Propolis Trigona Masamba for health.

  14. Epidemiological Aspects of Head and Neck Cancers Based on Radiotherapy Registry in Hospital of Hasanuddin University South of Sulawesi Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    A. St. Asmidar Anas; Bachtiar Murtala; Sri Oktawati; Harlina Ilmar

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this retrospective study was to identify epidemiological aspect of head and neck cancer defined as reported from a hospital-based radiotherapy registry in Hospital of Hasanuddin University South of Sulawesi Indonesia. The data were collected from medical records patient who treated with radiation therapy in a period of 2014-2015 with a view toward analyzing the sex, age, and site of cancers. Results described that a total of 187 cases were collected during the study period. The mea...

  15. Artificial reef structures and coral transplantation: fish community responses and effects on coral recruitment in North Sulawesi/Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Ferse, Sebastian

    2008-01-01

    Artificial reefs alone and in combination with coral transplants (branching Acropora and Pocillopora species) were deployed in 100 m2 plots at three locations (Gangga, Meras and Bunaken) in North Sulawesi/Indonesia in order to study the effects on the associated reef fish community and on coral recruitment dynamics. Control plots covered with coral rubble were monitored for comparison. The study was carried out between May 2005 and July 2007. Coral recruitment was studied using limestone sett...

  16. The Effect of Information Technology on Competitive Advantage: Case of Food and Beverage Industry in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Munizu, Musran

    2013-01-01

    This study attempt to investigate the effect of Information Technology (IT) on competitive advantage, especially food and beverage industry in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The research use survey approach and data was collected by questionnaire. The unit of analysis is big and medium scale companies. The respondents this research are the managers of companies. There were 126 companies were surveyed and total of 100 completed questionnaires were returned as the final sample. Two hypotheses have ...

  17. Geochemistry and petrology of selected coal samples from Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua, Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belkin, Harvey E.; Tewalt, Susan J. [U.S. Geological Survey, 956 National Center, Reston, VA 20192 (United States); Hower, James C. [University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research, 2540 Research Park Drive, Lexington, KY 40511 (United States); Stucker, J.D. [University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research, 2540 Research Park Drive, Lexington, KY 40511 (United States)]|[University of Kentucky Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States); O' Keefe, J.M.K. [Morehead State University, Department of Physical Science, Morehead, KY 40351 (United States)

    2009-01-31

    Indonesia has become the world's largest exporter of thermal coal and is a major supplier to the Asian coal market, particularly as the People's Republic of China is now (2007) and perhaps may remain a net importer of coal. Indonesia has had a long history of coal production, mainly in Sumatra and Kalimantan, but only in the last two decades have government and commercial forces resulted in a remarkable coal boom. A recent assessment of Indonesian coal-bed methane (CBM) potential has motivated active CBM exploration. Most of the coal is Paleogene and Neogene, low to moderate rank and has low ash yield and sulfur (generally < 10 and < 1 wt.%, respectively). Active tectonic and igneous activity has resulted in significant rank increase in some coal basins. Eight coal samples are described that represent the major export and/or resource potential of Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua. Detailed geochemistry, including proximate and ultimate analysis, sulfur forms, and major, minor, and trace element determinations are presented. Organic petrology and vitrinite reflectance data reflect various precursor flora assemblages and rank variations, including sample composites from active igneous and tectonic areas. A comparison of Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) elements abundance with world and US averages show that the Indonesian coals have low combustion pollution potential. (author)

  18. University and community partnerships in South Sulawesi, Indonesia: Enhancing community capacity and promoting democratic governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Mastuti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available South Sulawesi is a province in Indonesia where the majority of the population is Muslim, with many variant interpretations of Islam. Alauddin State Islamic University is not just a place for teaching and study but also plays a role in helping to unify the differences among these different Islamic groups. Its changing of status from institute to university in 2005, and later the support of the Canadian-assisted SILE Project beginning in 2010, have made this university an example of reform in the way it implements its functions. Since 2011, Alauddin State Islamic University has been developing a new approach in university-community outreach/engagement. What was formerly separated between teaching, research and community service is now linked under one institutional umbrella. The new university-community outreach approach has also adopted some new tools like Asset Based Community Development (ABCD and Results Based Management (RBM. It seeks to promote democratic governance, gender equality and a sustainable environment. The university also works in partnership with civil society organisations (CSOs in South Sulawesi, including Islamic-based organizsations, secular organisations and women’s organisations. The model for the partnership is a working group (abbreviated to pokja in Indonesian, which comprises lecturers from a faculty in the university and members of a CSO. We discuss the opportunities and challenges faced by these working groups. Opportunities include increased advantages from pooling their organisational capacities and experience in working with communities. Sharing their networks and resources makes them stronger and makes their work more sustainable. The challenge lies in changing the mindset from a needs-based, project-oriented approach to an asset-based facilitative approach, comprehending the tools, managing time to work together and building effective teamwork. Keywords: university-community outreach, democratic governance

  19. The Palu Metamorphic Complex, NW Sulawesi, Indonesia: Origin and evolution of a young metamorphic terrane with links to Gondwana and Sundaland

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Leeuwen, Theo; Allen, Charlotte M.; Elburg, Marlina; Massonne, Hans-Joachim; Palin, J. Michael; Hennig, Juliane

    2016-01-01

    The Palu Metamorphic Complex (PMC) is exposed in a late Cenozoic orogenic belt in NW Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is a composite terrane comprising a gneiss unit of Gondwana origin, a schist unit composed of meta-sediments deposited along the SE Sundaland margin in the Late Cretaceous and Early Tertiary, and one or more slivers of amphibolite with oceanic crust characteristics. The gneiss unit forms part of the West Sulawesi block underlying the northern and central sections of the Western Sulawesi Province. The presence of Late Triassic granitoids and recycled Proterozoic zircons in this unit combined with its isotopic signature suggests that the West Sulawesi block has its origin in the New Guinea margin from which it rifted in the late Mesozoic. It docked with Sundaland sometime during the Late Cretaceous. U-Th-Pb dating results for monazite suggest that another continental fragment may have collided with the Sundaland margin in the earliest Miocene. High-pressure (HP) and ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) rocks (granulite, peridotite, eclogite) are found as tectonic slices within the PMC, mostly along the Palu-Koro Fault Zone, a major strike-slip fault that cuts the complex. Mineralogical and textural features suggest that some of these rocks resided at depths of 60-120 km during a part of their histories. Thermochronological data (U-Th-Pb zircon and 40Ar/39Ar) from the metamorphic rocks indicate a latest Miocene to mid-Pliocene metamorphic event, which was accompanied by widespread granitoid magmatism and took place in an extensional tectonic setting. It caused recrystallization of, and new overgrowths on, pre-existing zircon crystals, and produced andalusite-cordierite-sillimanite-staurolite assemblages in pelitic protoliths, indicating HT-LP (Buchan-type) metamorphism. The PMC was exhumed as a core complex at moderate rates (c. 0.7-1.0 mm/yr) accompanied by rapid cooling in the Plio-Pleistocene. Some of the UHP rocks were transported to the surface at significantly higher

  20. A new section in Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) and a new species from Sulawesi

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cheek, M.; Jebb, M.

    2016-01-01

    Nepenthes section Tentaculatae of Borneo and Sulawesi is described and delimited, with a key to the nine species, including N. maryae of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, which is here assessed as Vulnerable under criterion D2 using the 2001 IUCN standard. It is hypothesised that this species might trap

  1. Chemical sexualities: the use of pharmaceutical and cosmetic products by youth in South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardon, Anita; Idrus, Nurul Ilmi; Hymans, Takeo David

    2013-05-01

    Although young people in their everyday lives consume a bewildering array of pharmaceutical, dietary and cosmetic products to self-manage their bodies, moods and sexuality, these practices are generally overlooked by sexual and reproductive health programmes. Nevertheless, this self-management can involve significant (sexual) health risks. This article draws from the initial findings of the University of Amsterdam's ChemicalYouth project. Based on interviews with 142 youths, focus group discussions and participant observation in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, we found that young people - in the domain of sexual health - turn to pharmaceuticals and cosmetics to: (1) feel clean and attractive; (2) increase (sexual) stamina; (3) feel good and sexually confident; (4) counter sexual risks; and (5) for a group of transgender youths, to feminize their male bodies. How youth achieve these desires varies depending on their income and the demands of their working lives. Interestingly, the use of pharmaceuticals and cosmetics was less gendered than expected. Sexual health programmes need to widen their definitions of risk, cooperate with harm reduction programmes to provide youth with accurate information, and tailor themselves to the diverse sexual health concerns of their target groups.

  2. Human parasitoses of the Malili area, South Sulawesi (Celebes) province, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, S W; Carney, W P; Van Peenen, P F; Russell, D; Saroso, J S

    1978-06-01

    A biomedical survey was conducted in 9 villages in the Malili area of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Blood specimens were examined for malaria and microfilariae; stool specimens were examined for intestinal parasites. Malaria parasitemias were rare; Plasmodium falciparum was detected in 10 and P. vivax in 11 of 985 blood smears. Malayan filariasis was endemic to all villages surveyed. The overall prevalence of detectable microfilaremias was 15%, varying from 34% in Kawata to 1% in Nuha. Microfilarial densities, expressed as MfD50 averaged 8.0 and varied from 1.1 in Timampu to 16.0 in Karabbe. Intestinal parasites were common. Although Schistosoma japonicum was not found, 97% of the examined had one or more intestinal parasites as follows: Ascaris lumbricoides (74%), Trichuris trichiura (65%), hookworm (62%), Entamoeba coli (38%), Endolimax nana (10%), Entamoeba histolytica (6%), Iodamoeba bütschlii (4%), Entamoeba hartmanni (3%), Giardia lamblia (2%) Chilomastix mesnili (1%) and Enterobius vermicularis (1%). Strongyloides stercoralis larvae and Hymenolepis nana eggs were detected once each and heterophyid-like eggs were detected twice. PMID:364674

  3. Conserving social-ecological systems in Indonesia: human-nonhuman primate interconnections in Bali and Sulawesi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, Erin P; Fuentes, Agustín

    2011-01-01

    An important question asked by primatologists and conservationists alike is: what is the relevance of primates and primate conservation for ecosystem conservation? The goal of this article is to contribute to this dialogue by advocating the use of a research perspective that focuses on the dynamics of human-nonhuman primate sympatry and interaction (i.e., ethnoprimatology) in order to better understand complex social-ecological systems and to inform their conservation management. This perspective/approach is based largely on the recognition that human primates are important components of all ecological systems and that niche construction is a fundamental feature of their adaptive success. To demonstrate the relevance of the human-nonhuman primate interface for ecosystem conservation, we provide examples from our research from two islands in the Indonesian archipelago: Bali and Sulawesi. In Bali, humans and long-tail macaques coexist in a system that creates favorable environments for the macaques. This anthropogenic landscape and the economic and ecological relationships between humans and monkeys on Bali provide insight into sustainable systems of human/nonhuman primate coexistence. In Lore Lindu National Park in Central Sulawesi, villagers and Tonkean macaques overlap in their use of both forest and cultivated resources. The finding that the Arenga pinnata palm is extremely important for both villagers and macaques points to a conservation management recommendation that may help protect the overall ecosystem; the cultivation and propagation of mutually important tree species at forest-agricultural ecotone as a means to curb crop raiding and to alleviate farmer's perceived need to clear additional forest. PMID:21104876

  4. Rich soil carbon and nitrogen but low atmospheric greenhouse gas fluxes from North Sulawesi mangrove swamps in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Guang C; Ulumuddin, Yaya I; Pramudji, Sastro; Chen, Shun Y; Chen, Bin; Ye, Yong; Ou, Dan Y; Ma, Zhi Y; Huang, Hao; Wang, Jing K

    2014-07-15

    The soil to atmosphere fluxes of greenhouse gases N2O, CH4 and CO2 and their relationships with soil characteristics were investigated in three tropical oceanic mangrove swamps (Teremaal, Likupang and Kema) in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Mangrove soils in North Sulawesi were rich in organic carbon and nitrogen, but the greenhouse gas fluxes were low in these mangroves. The fluxes ranged -6.05-13.14 μmol m(-2)h(-1), -0.35-0.61 μmol m(-2)h(-1) and -1.34-3.88 mmol m(-2)h(-1) for N2O, CH4 and CO2, respectively. The differences in both N2O and CH4 fluxes among different mangrove swamps and among tidal positions in each mangrove swamp were insignificant. CO2 flux was influenced only by mangrove swamps and the value was higher in Kema mangrove. None of the measured soil parameters could explain the variation of CH4 fluxes among the sampling plots. N2O flux was negatively related to porewater salinity, while CO2 flux was negatively correlated with water content and organic carbon. This study suggested that the low gas emissions due to slow metabolisms would lead to the accumulations of organic matters in North Sulawesi mangrove swamps. PMID:24784732

  5. MASS TREATMENT OF FILARIASIS IN SIDONDO, CENTRAL SULAWESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Putrali

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengobatan massal terhadap penyakit Kaki Gajah telah dilakukan pada penduduk desa Sidondo, Sulawesi Tengah dengan menggunakan obat Filarzan, (diethylcarbamazine citrate. Delapan puluh tiga per cent dari penduduk telah tercakup pada pengobatan ini dan delapan puluh sembilan per cent dari penderita yang mengandung bibit penyakit ini dalam darahnya dapat disem­buhkan. Gejala-gejala samping ditemukan pada penderita dan reaksi dari pengobatan yang ditemukan diantara penduduk yang tidak melihatkan gejala

  6. Plague in Central Java, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, J.E.; Hudson, B. W.; Turner, R W; Saroso, J. Sulianti; Cavanaugh, D. C.

    1980-01-01

    Plague in man occurred from 1968 to 1970 in mountain villages of the Boyolali Regency in Central Java. Infected fleas, infected rats, and seropositive rats were collected in villages with human plague cases. Subsequent isolations of Yersinia pestis and seropositive rodents, detected during investigations of rodent plague undertaken by the Government of Indonesia and the WHO, attested to the persistence of plague in the region from 1972 to 1974.

  7. Relationship between Internal Quality Audit and Quality Culture toward Implementation Consistency of ISO 9000 in Private College of Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mail, Abdul; Pratikto; Suparman, Sudjito; Purnomo; Santoso, Budi

    2014-01-01

    The study aims to find out the influence of internal quality process on the growth of quality culture in private college. This study is treated toward 178 lecturers of 25 private colleges in Sulawesi, Indonesia by means of questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis applied to assess the reliability of validity and measurement model. Relationship…

  8. Holocene sea levels and palaeoenvironments, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia: Application of mangrove palynology and the transfer function approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelhart, S. E.; Horton, B. P.; Roberts, D. H.; Milne, G.; Corbett, D. R.; Bryant, C.

    2005-12-01

    A full understanding of sea-level, ice sheets, ocean circulation, tectonics and regional climate requires observations of relative sea-level change from both near- and far-field locations (regions distant from the major glacial centres). The coastline of Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia is a particularly important far-field location as relative sea-level reconstructions give information on the nature and response of materials of the crust. Reconstructions through the Holocene allow modellers to quantify lithospheric thickness and mantle viscosity and establish lateral variations in mantle structure across the continental/oceanic margin; aims not achieved using long records from other far-field locations. These variables are important to modelling the earth's response to future climate and sea-level change and can be applied to locations where Holocene relative sea-level reconstructions are hard to obtain. The study are is located within the Wakatobi Marine National Park, which is 13,900km2 in size and consists of raised Quaternary coral atolls attached to the submerged continental crust of the Tukang Besi block. We have developed a microfossil transfer function to reconstruct former sea level. We have collected contemporary pollen samples from three mangrove transects in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. The Family Rhizophoraceae and particularly the genus Rhizophora dominate the mangroves of S.E. Sulawesi in line with previous studies from Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. 16 mangrove pollen species were identified within the contemporary samples. The transfer function demonstrates that reconstructions using this dataset can achieve predictions accurate to ± 10 cm. Sea-level observations from Southeast Sulawesi reveal an upward trend of Holocene relative sea level from a minimum of -2.8m 6750 cal yrs BP to the present elevation. Relative sea-level rises rapidly; greater than 1.4 m between 6750 - 5750 cal yrs BP. Thereafter, sea level continues to rise at a steady

  9. Hoya isabelchanae Rodda & Simonsson, a new, showy species of Hoya R.Br. (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae) with pomegranate red flowers from Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodda, Michele; Juhonewe, Nadhanielle Simonsson

    2016-01-01

    Abstract A new species of Hoya R.Br. from Sulawesi (Indonesia), Hoya isabelchanae Rodda & Simonsson, is described and illustrated. It is one of the largest flowered species in Hoya section Acanthostemma (Blume) Kloppenb. Its flowers are of comparable size to those of Hoya benchaii Gavrus et al., Hoya kloppenburgii T.Green, Hoya rundumensis (T.Green) Rodda & Simonsson and Hoya sigillatis T.Green ssp. sigillatis, all from Borneo. Among Sulawesi species it is compared with the vegetatively similar Hoya brevialata Kleijn & van Donkelaar and Hoya pallilimba Kleijn & van Donkelaar. PMID:27698573

  10. Strategy of Developing Tomini Bay for Economic Growth of Coastal Community in Central Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzakir Muzakir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to analyze the potential and the strategy of developing Tomini Bay to improve the economic growth of the coastal community in Central Sulawesi. The research is located in four regencies in Central Sulawesi. The method uses the descriptive analysis using SWOT analysis. The research result shows that the potential of fisheries resources in Poso Regency, Parigi Moutong Regency, Tojo Una-Una Regency, and Banggai Regency can support the development of Tomini Bay region based on fisheries in order to accelerate the economic growth of coastal communities in Central Sulawesi. The potential fishery resources that can support the development of Tomini Bay area are the potential of fisheries, marine and coastal infrastructure, social economy and geographic conditions in four regencies. The strategies are building the marketing network for fishery products both the catching and cultivation, improving the fishery human resouce capacity, controlling the fishery product quality, and increasing the social awareness to maintain the ecosystem sustainability. To optimize the utilization of Tomini Bay, it is suggested to improve the involvement of the regional government, the central government, and also the private sector and the whole community.

  11. Aneka ragam pengaturan sekuritas sosial di bekas kerajaan Berru Sulawesi Selatan (Pluriformity in social security arrangements in the former principality of Berru in South Sulawesi, Indonesia).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tang, M.

    1996-01-01

    This study is aimed at providing an analytical description of the forms of social security and legal pluralism in villages of South Sulawesi. In the villages in South Sulawesi there is a plurality of mechanisms and institutions where an individual is entitled to or has the duty to provide social sec

  12. Identification keys on rattans (Calamus spp.) from Central Sulawesi based on anatomical structure of stems

    OpenAIRE

    ANDI TANRA TELLU

    2005-01-01

    This study was conducted to obtain information the anatomical characteristics of 20 rattan species from Central Sulawesi and to use it for anatomical identification of rattan species. The rattan comprised 16 Calamus species, three Daemonorops species and one Korthalsia species. For anatomical observation 10-15 mm pieces of the mature stem from shares of tip do not have frond were processed with polyethilene glycol 2000, cut at 18-32 µm and stained with a combination of acridin-cryzoidin red a...

  13. Spatial and temporal effects of drought on soil CO2 efflux in a cacao agroforestry system in Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Anas

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Climate change induced droughts pose a serious threat to ecosystems across the tropics and sub-tropics, particularly to those areas not adapted to natural dry periods. In order to study the vulnerability of cacao (Theobroma cacao – Gliricidia sepium agroforestry plantations to droughts a large scale throughfall displacement roof was built in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. In this 19-month experiment, we compared soil surface CO2 efflux (soil respiration from three roof plots with three adjacent control plots. Soil respiration rates peaked at intermediate soil moisture conditions and decreased under increasingly dry conditions (drought induced, or increasingly wet conditions (as evidenced in control plots. The roof plots exhibited a slight decrease in soil respiration compared to the control plots (average 13% decrease. The strength of the drought effect was spatially variable – while some measurement chamber sites reacted strongly (responsive to the decrease in soil water content (up to R2=0.70 (n=11, others did not react at all (non-responsive (n=7. A significant correlation was measured between responsive soil respiration chamber sites and sap flux density ratios of cacao (R=0.61 and Gliricidia (R=0.65. Leaf litter CO2 respiration decreased as conditions became drier. The litter layer contributed approximately 3–4% of the total CO2 efflux during dry periods and up to 40% during wet periods. Within days of roof opening soil CO2 efflux rose to control plot levels. Thereafter, CO2 efflux remained comparable between roof and control plots. The cumulative effect on soil CO2 emissions over the duration of the experiment was not significantly different: the control plots respired 11.1±0.5 Mg C ha−1 yr−1, while roof plots respired 10.5±0.5 Mg C ha−1 yr−1. The relatively mild decrease measured in soil CO2 efflux indicates that this agroforestry ecosystem is capable of mitigating droughts with only minor stress symptoms.

  14. Ornamental marine species culture in the coral triangle: seahorse demonstration project in the Spermonde Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Susan L; Janetski, Noel; Abbott, Jessica; Blankenhorn, Sven; Cheng, Brian; Crafton, R Eliot; Hameed, Sarah O; Rapi, Saipul; Trockel, Dale

    2014-12-01

    Ornamental marine species ('OMS') provide valuable income for developing nations in the Indo-Pacific Coral Triangle, from which most of the specimens are exported. OMS culture can help diversify livelihoods in the region, in support of management and conservation efforts to reduce destructive fishing and collection practices that threaten coral reef and seagrass ecosystems. Adoption of OMS culture depends on demonstrating its success as a livelihood, yet few studies of OMS culture exist in the region. We present a case study of a land-based culture project for an endangered seahorse (Hippocampus barbouri) in the Spermonde Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia. The business model demonstrated that culturing can increase family income by seven times. A Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats (SWOT) analysis indicated good collaboration among diverse stakeholders and opportunities for culturing non-endangered species and for offshoot projects, but complicated permitting was an issue as were threats of market flooding and production declines. The OMS international market is strong, Indonesian exporters expressed great interest in cultured product, and Indonesia is the largest exporting country for H. barbouri. Yet, a comparison of Indonesia ornamental marine fish exports to fish abundance in a single local market indicated that OMS culture cannot replace fishing livelihoods. Nevertheless, seahorse and other OMS culture can play a role in management and conservation by supplementing and diversifying the fishing and collecting livelihoods in the developing nations that provide the majority of the global OMS. PMID:25082298

  15. Ornamental Marine Species Culture in the Coral Triangle: Seahorse Demonstration Project in the Spermonde Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Susan L.; Janetski, Noel; Abbott, Jessica; Blankenhorn, Sven; Cheng, Brian; Crafton, R. Eliot; Hameed, Sarah O.; Rapi, Saipul; Trockel, Dale

    2014-12-01

    Ornamental marine species (`OMS') provide valuable income for developing nations in the Indo-Pacific Coral Triangle, from which most of the specimens are exported. OMS culture can help diversify livelihoods in the region, in support of management and conservation efforts to reduce destructive fishing and collection practices that threaten coral reef and seagrass ecosystems. Adoption of OMS culture depends on demonstrating its success as a livelihood, yet few studies of OMS culture exist in the region. We present a case study of a land-based culture project for an endangered seahorse ( Hippocampus barbouri) in the Spermonde Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia. The business model demonstrated that culturing can increase family income by seven times. A Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats (SWOT) analysis indicated good collaboration among diverse stakeholders and opportunities for culturing non-endangered species and for offshoot projects, but complicated permitting was an issue as were threats of market flooding and production declines. The OMS international market is strong, Indonesian exporters expressed great interest in cultured product, and Indonesia is the largest exporting country for H. barbouri. Yet, a comparison of Indonesia ornamental marine fish exports to fish abundance in a single local market indicated that OMS culture cannot replace fishing livelihoods. Nevertheless, seahorse and other OMS culture can play a role in management and conservation by supplementing and diversifying the fishing and collecting livelihoods in the developing nations that provide the majority of the global OMS.

  16. THE ESTIMATION OF GROWTH CURVE OF BALI CATTLE AT BONE AND BARRU DISTRICTS, SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA USING TEN BODY MEASUREMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.B. Sri Rachma

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The estimation of growth curves and mature size of ten body measurements, namely withers height,hip height, body length, chest girth, chest depth, chest width, rump length, hip width, thurl width, andpin bone width, were studied in Bali bulls and heifers at the age of 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24 months. 108bulls and 146 heifers at Bone district and 152 bulls and 110 heifers at Barru district, South Sulawesi,Indonesia were measured. The Brody growth function was fitted to each animal’s records and leastsquaresanalysis were used to investigate the effects of place, sex, and age to growth curve and maturesize of body measurements of Bali bulls and heifers. The result showed that the growth of bodymeasurements of Bali cattle until 24 months of age were still increasing and not reaching the mature sizeyet. The place, sex and age factors were significantly affected to the growth of body measurements ofBali cattle.

  17. The insect pest complex and related problems of lowland rice cultivation in South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Halteren, van P.

    1979-01-01

    CHAPTER 1.The Department of Entomology of the Research Institute for Agriculture at Maros is concerned with insect pests of food crops, and serves the needs of farmers, most of them living near subsistance level, and of extension workers.South Sulawesi, formerly known as South Celebes, is a major ri

  18. Escalation and trophic specialization drive adaptive radiation of freshwater gastropods in ancient lakes on Sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Rintelen, Thomas von; Wilson, Anthony Bruce; Meyer, Axel; Glaubrecht, Matthias

    2005-01-01

    Species flocks in ancient lakes have long been appreciated as ideal model systems for the study of speciation and adaptive processes. We here present data from a new invertebrate model system with intrinsic parameters distinct from those of other documented radiations. The ancient lakes on Sulawesi harbour an endemic species flock of at least 33 species of viviparous snails. Molecular data reveal multiple independent colonizations of the lakes by riverine ancestors. In each colonizing clade, ...

  19. Aneka ragam pengaturan sekuritas sosial di bekas kerajaan Berru Sulawesi Selatan (Pluriformity in social security arrangements in the former principality of Berru in South Sulawesi, Indonesia).

    OpenAIRE

    Tang, M

    1996-01-01

    This study is aimed at providing an analytical description of the forms of social security and legal pluralism in villages of South Sulawesi. In the villages in South Sulawesi there is a plurality of mechanisms and institutions where an individual is entitled to or has the duty to provide social security. Those mechanisms and institutions are structured by the normative system based on adat, religious law and all kinds of governmental regulations. The themes of social security and legal plura...

  20. ENERGY, EXERGY AND THERMOECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF LAHENDONG BINARY ??? CYCLE GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANT AT NORTH SULAWESI INDONESIA.

    OpenAIRE

    Siahaya, Yusuf

    2011-01-01

    : Indonesia is blessed with relatively abundant potential renewable energy, geothermal potential is about 27,000 MW, it is equal to 40 % of the world potential. However the utilization of geothermal energy in Indonesia is still very low compare to its huge potential. In 2010, total installed capacity of geothermal power plant was only 1200 MW or 4% of total installed capacity of geothermal energy in Indonesia. In order to minimize the global warming as a result of the increase ...

  1. Bacteriological Study of the Marine Water in the Coastal of the North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lies Indah Sutiknowati

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this research was to study the marine bacteriology of the coast of North Sulawesi. The study was accomplished by calculating the abundance of coliform, heterotrophic, and pathogenic bacteria, and analyzing the coexistence relationship between bacteria and phytoplanktons. This research, which included the sampling and laboratory works, has been carried out on 25 - 28 October, 2000. The results suggested that the abundance of each bacteria was as follows: coliform bacteria range between 227-5940 cfu/100 ml with averages 1814.1 cfu/100 ml, found in all stations; heterotrophic bacteria range between (1-82 x 103 cfu/ml with averages 12.1 x 103 cfu/ml, it was high density and has association with phytoplankton Trichodesmium thieubautii. It was also found 6 species of pathogen bacteria e.g. Aeromonas, Citrobacter, Proteus, Pseudomonas, Yersinia and Shigella. The presence of coliform and pathogen bacteria was indicator of low quality of the seawater in the sampling area. Based on bacteriological study, the North Sulawesi Coastal is not suitable for aquaculture and need treatment and controlled for further coastal exploitation.

  2. An Overview on the Possibility of Scandium and REE Occurrence in Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adi Maulana

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The development in modern-high technology application is growing rapidly, resulting in the constant supply of critical metal and rare earth elements (REE. Currently, resources of these elements are restricted and new source of these elements need to be discovered accordingly. Scandium (Sc as one of critical metals is an important metal for electrolyte of solid oxide fuel cells and other advance technology. In addition, REE are the important elements in the use of permanent magnets and rechargeable batteries. This manuscript reports an overview on the possibility of scandium and rare earth element occurrences in Sulawesi. Sc is concentrated in limonite layers in Soroako ultramafic rocks as a result of Fe3+ site substitution of mafic minerals (pyroxene, amphibole, etc. during a laterization process. REE are enriched in association with clay minerals in B horizon from heavily weathered granitic rocks in Palu and Masamba, suggesting the possibility of ion-adsorption style mineralization. The lateritic soil of the ultramafic rocks and the weathered crusts of the granitic rocks in Sulawesi could be the potential sources of scandium and rare earth elements, respectively.

  3. Hydrological and Vegetation Dynamics in Central Indonesia since the Last Glacial Maximum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wicaksono, S. A.; Russell, J. M.; Bijaksana, S.; Holbourn, A. E.; Kuhnt, W.

    2014-12-01

    The Indonesian archipelago sits within the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool and plays a crucial role in today's global water vapor and heat transport. Despite the region's importance in the global climate system, we understand relatively little of long-term patterns of convection and precipitation across Indonesia. To better characterize the regional precipitation response in Indonesia since the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), we developed continuous high-resolution records of the carbon and hydrogen isotopic composition of terrestrial leaf waxes (long-chain n-alkanoic acids; δ13Cwax and δDwax respectively) from marine and lacustrine cores retrieved offshore and in central Sulawesi, in the heart of Indonesia. Present-day rainfall variability in central Sulawesi is strongly influenced by variations in topography and wind pattern, including land-sea breezes, orographically-forced winds, and monsoonal winds related to the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. Our terrestrial and marine records show excellent agreement. Together, our δ13Cwax records suggest that rainforests contracted and grasslands became more abundant during the LGM, indicating that the aridification and the likely increase of water stress during the dry season in central Indonesia are linked to high-latitude climate forcings (i.e. global cooling and Northern Hemisphere ice sheet expansion). However, our data also indicate that the highlands of Sulawesi remained relatively wet and might have become a refuge for rainforests during the LGM, suggesting that altitudinal gradients within the archipelago strongly influence local manifestations of hydrological changes at glacial-interglacial timescales. Despite evidence for regional drying, we observe depleted δDwax values during the LGM, demonstrating that the amount effect may not always be the most important factor controlling the δD of precipitation (δDprecip) in this region at orbital timescales. Instead, the presence of strong glacial

  4. Ore Characteristics and Fluid Inclusion of the Base Metal Vein Deposit in Moncong Bincanai Area, Gowa, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmariyadi Asmariyadi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v7i4.146This paper is dealing with ore characteristics and fluid inclusion of the Moncong Bincanai, Biringbulu Subregency of Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The mineralization is a vein type, with the orientation of N170oE /65oSW, hosted in open-space filling within basalt. The mineralization consists of galena, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, and pyrite. Vein thickness ranges from 5 - 17 cm, showing a crustiform banding texture, with a sequence from outer to centre: quartz, carbonate (siderite, sulphide. The quartz displays primary growth textures such as comb, crystalline, saccharoidal, and colloform. Analytical methods applied include AAS and fluid inclusion microthermometry. Chemical composition of the vein indicates an average of Pb = 47.92%, Cu = 1.27%, Zn = 1.02%, and Fe = 9.46%, which shows a significant concentration of Pb. Fluid inclusion microthermometry results indicate a range of formation temperature of 240 - 250C and salinity of the responsible hydrothermal fluid of 2.1 - 2.5 wt.% NaCl eq. The deposit is categorized into low-sulfidation epithermal deposits, which was formed within a range of 410 - 440 m below paleosurface.

  5. Geochemistry of Rare Earth Elements (REE) in the Weathered Crusts from the Granitic Rocks in Sulawesi Island, Indonesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Adi Maulana; Kotaro Yonezu; Koichiro Watanabe

    2014-01-01

    We report for the first time the geochemistry of rare earth elements (REE) in the weath-ered crusts of I-type and calc-alkaline to high-K (shoshonitic) granitic rocks at Mamasa and Palu re-gion, Sulawesi Island, Indonesia. The weathered crusts can be divided into horizon A (lateritic profile) and B (weathered horizon). Quartz, albite, kaolinite, halloysite and montmorrilonite prevail in the weathered crust. Both weathered profiles show that the total REE increased from the parent rocks to the horizon B but significantly decrease toward the upper part (horizon A). LREE are enriched toward the upper part of the profile as shown by La/YbN value. However, HREE concentrations are high in horizon B1 in Palu profile. The total REE content of the weathered crust are relatively elevated com-pared to the parent rocks, particularly in the lower part of horizon B in Mamasa profile and in horizon B2 in Palu profile. This suggests that REE-bearing accessory minerals may be resistant against weath-ering and may remain as residual phase in the weathered crusts. The normalized isocon diagram shows that the mass balance of major and REE components between each horizon in Mamasa and Palu weathering profile are different. The positive Ce anomaly in the horizon A of Mamasa profile indicated that Ce is rapidly precipitated during weathering and retain at the upper soil horizon.

  6. RECONSTRUCTION MODEL TO INCREASE REVENUE OF BREEDER PARTNER IN THE PARTNERSHIP SYSTEM OF BROILERS AGRIBUSINESS IN SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    SUDIRMAN, INDRIANTY

    2015-01-01

    Research is located in South Sulawesi at districts which are the working area of broiler agribusiness partnership system, using a qualitative research approach based on expert judgment. This study aimed to identify alternative models of partnership that can increase the income of breeder partners in South Sulawesi. The findings indicate that the alternative model of partnership that can increase revenue of broiler farms in South Sulawesi include: (1) Partnership Model based on Broilers ...

  7. Geothermal Prospect Selection Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP: A Case Study in Sulawesi Island, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suryantini Suryantini

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v5i4.107Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP is a Multi Criterion Decision Making (MCDM Technique. It can handle any complex, multicriterion, and multiperson problems. In AHP, the problems are decomposed into a hierarchically structure and are given the weights according to its importance. Thus, the strength with which one alternative dominates another with respect to a given criterion can be identified. The output is a priority ranking indicating the overall preference for each decision alternative. This paper describes the application of AHP to select a geothermal prospect in Sulawesi Island to be developed in the near future. The alternatives consist of three geothermal prospects. i.e., Suwawa, Pulu, and Marana. Three major criteria are used and applied into those three prospects: Geoscience, Infrastructure, and Social-culture aspects. Under each of these major criteria, there are several subcriteria. Geoscience criterion which consists of Resources, Geothermal System, and Geological Risk Subcriteria is given the highest weight with the assumption that if resources are large and can be developed commercially, then there is no reason not to be exploited; the technology and other infrastructure aspects are no longer an obstacle. The result shows that Suwawa Prospect is the best option to be developed in the near future. The second option or rank is Marana Prospect, and the third is Pulu Prospect. This result is in agreement with the future plan of the development of Sulawesi Island. If the regulation and plan of development were suddenly changed, the goal of this AHP might not be appropriate anymore, and the second or third option might replace the first rank. The benefits of using AHP are (1 the facts and reasons behind the decision are well documented, (2 able to handle quantitative and qualitative inputs, (3 able to accommodate environmental, social and other influences, and (4 able to handle subjective judgments of

  8. Reef-dwelling Holothuroidea (Echinodermata) of the Spermonde Archipelago (South-West Sulawesi, Indonesia)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Massin, C.

    1999-01-01

    During a survey at the Spermonde Archipelago (22.viii-5.x.1994) 56 holothurian species were collected; ten are new to the fauna of Indonesia and one is new to science: Stichopus quadrifasciatus spec. nov. Most of the species are described, figured and discussed. As far as possible, all literature re

  9. Geochemistry and petrology of selected coal samples from Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkin, H.E.; Tewalt, S.J.; Hower, J.C.; Stucker, J.D.; O'Keefe, J. M. K.

    2009-01-01

    Indonesia has become the world's largest exporter of thermal coal and is a major supplier to the Asian coal market, particularly as the People's Republic of China is now (2007) and perhaps may remain a net importer of coal. Indonesia has had a long history of coal production, mainly in Sumatra and Kalimantan, but only in the last two decades have government and commercial forces resulted in a remarkable coal boom. A recent assessment of Indonesian coal-bed methane (CBM) potential has motivated active CBM exploration. Most of the coal is Paleogene and Neogene, low to moderate rank and has low ash yield and sulfur (generally Indonesian coals have low combustion pollution potential.

  10. Jeneberang River Basin Management Capacity : Establishing of a Public Corporate in South Sulawesi Province in INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Ageng, Pandu SW

    2005-01-01

    A multi purpose dam called Bili bili have been built in Jeneberang river basin in easternIndonesia in 1999 and providing water available to all customers. In 2004 a landslide occurredand impact to the quality of raw water, especially the amount of turbidity, dramaticallyincreased. Landslide problems started with high sedimentation rates to water infrastructures.Technically the lifetime of Bili bili multi purpose dam and reservoirs will be shorter thanplanned. In contrast, we understand and ag...

  11. Geochemistry of Selected Coal Samples from Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkin, Harvey E.; Tewalt, Susan J.

    2007-01-01

    Introduction Indonesia is an archipelago of more than 17,000 islands that stretches astride the equator for about 5,200 km in southeast Asia (figure 1) and includes major Cenozoic volcano-plutonic arcs, active volcanoes, and various related onshore and offshore basins. These magmatic arcs have extensive Cu and Au mineralization that has generated much exploration and mining in the last 50 years. Although Au and Ag have been mined in Indonesia for over 1000 years (van Leeuwen, 1994), it was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that the Dutch explored and developed major Sn and minor Au, Ag, Ni, bauxite, and coal resources. The metallogeny of Indonesia includes Au-rich porphyry Cu, porphyry Mo, skarn Cu-Au, sedimentary-rock hosted Au, epithermal Au, laterite Ni, and diamond deposits. For example, the Grasberg deposit in Papua has the world's largest gold reserves and the third-largest copper reserves (Sillitoe, 1994). Coal mining in Indonesia also has had a long history beginning with the initial production in 1849 in the Mahakam coal field near Pengaron, East Kalimantan; in 1891 in the Ombilin area, Sumatra, (van Leeuwen, 1994); and in South Sumatra in 1919 at the Bukit Asam mine (Soehandojo, 1989). Total production from deposits in Sumatra and Kalimantan, from the 19thth century to World War II, amounted to 40 million metric tons (Mt). After World War II, production declined due to various factors including politics and a boom in the world-wide oil economy. Active exploration and increased mining began again in the 1980's mainly through a change in Indonesian government policy of collaboration with foreign companies and the global oil crises (Prijono, 1989). This recent coal revival (van Leeuwen, 1994) has lead Indonesia to become the largest exporter of thermal (steam) coal and the second largest combined thermal and metallurgical (coking) coal exporter in the world market (Fairhead and others, 2006). The exported coal is desirable as it is low sulfur

  12. MALAYAN FILARIASIS STUDIES IN KENDARI REGENCY, SOUTHEAST SULAWESI, INDONESIA I: Parasitological survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arbain Joesoef

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Observasi penyakit filaría telah dilakukan pada penduduk di desa-desa Teteona, Lalohao, Pondi-daha dan Wawolemo, Kecamatan Wawotobi, Kabupaten Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara antara bulan No­vember 1980 dan Oktober 1982. Sejumlah 3,499 jiwa atau antara 71.2% sampai 83.8% dari penduduk di desa-desa ini telah diperiksa darah jarinya masing-masing sebanyak 20 cumm terhadap adanya parasit filaría. Morphologi dan periodisitas dari embrio parasit yang ditemukan di dalam darah penduduk di­periksa dan begitu pula gejala-gejala klinis yang disebabkannya. Nyamuk penular dari parasit di desa-desa ini ditentukan pula. Adanya jenis parasit yang sama pada binatang di sekitar kampung dipelajari dan diteliti lebih lanjut dengan percobaan eksperimental di laboratorium menggunakan hewan percobaan. Dari hasil observasi ini ditemukan bahwa penduduk desa-desa ini telah diserang parasit filaría, masing-masing dengan derajad infeksi sebesar 9.6%, 15.8%, 9.3% dan 19.7% Parasit yang ditemukan adalah dari jenis Brugia malayi dengan tipe mikrofilaria yang periodik nokturna. Sekitar 57.3% dari microfilaria ini melepaskan diri dari selubungnya. Gejala klinis berupa adenolymphangitis, lymphade-nopathy, lymphscars, dan lymphedema pada penduduk masing-masing desa adalah 15.8%, 30.8%, 35.0% dan 52.0%. Gejala elephantiasis ditemukan pada tiga desa kecuali pada desa Teteona Nyamuk dari jenis Anopheles barbirostris, Anopheles nigerrimus, Mansonia uniformis dan Mansonia indiana merupakan nyamuk penular alamiah dari parasit ini. Pada pemeriksaan darah kucing di sekitar kampung ini ditemukan pula embrio parasit: microfilaria yang menyerupai microfilaria malayi pada darah pendu­duk namun pada penelitian lebih lanjut dengan percobaan eksperimental menggunakan hewan percobaan belum dapat dipastikan jenis mikrofilaria dari kucing ini berasal dari Brugia malayi. Penelitian lebih lan­jut dari parasit filaría pada binatang seperti kucing dan kera di desa-desa ini masih perlu dilanjutkan.

  13. The Glacial-Interglacial Monsoon Recorded by Speleothems from Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimbrough, A. K.; Gagan, M. K.; Dunbar, G. B.; Krause, C.; Hantoro, W. S.; Cheng, H.; Edwards, R. L.; Shen, C. C.; Sun, H.; Cai, B.; Hellstrom, J. C.; Rifai, H.

    2015-12-01

    The Indo-Pacific Warm Pool is a primary source of heat and moisture to the global atmosphere and a key player in tropical and global climate variability. There is mounting evidence that atmospheric convection and oceanic processes in the tropics can modulate global climate on orbital and sub-orbital timescales. Glacial-interglacial cycles represent the largest natural climate changes over the last 800 kyr with each cycle terminated by rapid global warming and sea level rise. Our understanding of the role and response of tropical atmospheric convection during these periods of dramatic warming is limited. We present the first speleothem paleomonsoon record for southwest Sulawesi (5ºS, 119ºE), spanning two glacial-interglacial cycles, including glacial termination IV (~340 kyr BP) and both phases of termination III (~248 and ~220 kyr BP). This unique record is constructed from multiple stalagmites from two separate caves and is based on a multi-proxy approach (δ18O, δ13C, Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca) that provides insight into the mechanisms controlling Australian-Indonesian summer monsoon variability. Speleothem δ18O and trace element data indicate a rapid increase in rainfall at glacial terminations and wet interglacials. Terminations IV, III, and I are each characterized by an abrupt 3‰ decrease in δ18O. Variability in δ18O leading-in to glacial terminations is also similar, and corresponds to October insolation. Prior to deglaciation, there is a distinct shift to higher δ18O that is synchronized with weak monsoon intervals in Chinese speleothem records. The remarkably consistent pattern among terminations implies that the response of tropical convection to changing background climates is well regulated. Furthermore, we find that speleothem δ13C leads δ18O by ~5 kyr during glacial terminations. The early decrease in speleothem δ13C may reflect the response of tropical vegetation to rising atmospheric CO2 and temperature, rather than regional changes in rainfall.

  14. Geochemistry of Selected Coal Samples from Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkin, Harvey E.; Tewalt, Susan J.

    2007-01-01

    Introduction Indonesia is an archipelago of more than 17,000 islands that stretches astride the equator for about 5,200 km in southeast Asia (figure 1) and includes major Cenozoic volcano-plutonic arcs, active volcanoes, and various related onshore and offshore basins. These magmatic arcs have extensive Cu and Au mineralization that has generated much exploration and mining in the last 50 years. Although Au and Ag have been mined in Indonesia for over 1000 years (van Leeuwen, 1994), it was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that the Dutch explored and developed major Sn and minor Au, Ag, Ni, bauxite, and coal resources. The metallogeny of Indonesia includes Au-rich porphyry Cu, porphyry Mo, skarn Cu-Au, sedimentary-rock hosted Au, epithermal Au, laterite Ni, and diamond deposits. For example, the Grasberg deposit in Papua has the world's largest gold reserves and the third-largest copper reserves (Sillitoe, 1994). Coal mining in Indonesia also has had a long history beginning with the initial production in 1849 in the Mahakam coal field near Pengaron, East Kalimantan; in 1891 in the Ombilin area, Sumatra, (van Leeuwen, 1994); and in South Sumatra in 1919 at the Bukit Asam mine (Soehandojo, 1989). Total production from deposits in Sumatra and Kalimantan, from the 19thth century to World War II, amounted to 40 million metric tons (Mt). After World War II, production declined due to various factors including politics and a boom in the world-wide oil economy. Active exploration and increased mining began again in the 1980's mainly through a change in Indonesian government policy of collaboration with foreign companies and the global oil crises (Prijono, 1989). This recent coal revival (van Leeuwen, 1994) has lead Indonesia to become the largest exporter of thermal (steam) coal and the second largest combined thermal and metallurgical (coking) coal exporter in the world market (Fairhead and others, 2006). The exported coal is desirable as it is low sulfur

  15. Enviromental Dynamics Analysis and Dynamic Capabilities of Enterprises Competitiveness; Case Study of the Manufacturing Industry in South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Mangngenre, Saiful; bahri, syamsul

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to examine the influence of environmental dynamics and dynamic capabilities to the competitiveness of enterprises through competitive strategy and operational strategy. The study was conducted in the manufacturing industry in South Sulawesi, the respondent was the director or manager of a company that is believed to understand the company's strategy formulation and implementation. Samples were taken 151 of 275 manufacturing companies in South Sulawesi, data collected directly ...

  16. Condition of Health Problems in The District Health Offi ce Parigi Moutong Central Sulawesi Province, Efforts in Response of Health Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Erlan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: District Parigi Moutong, Central Sulawesi Province is one of the Regional District Health Problems. Ranking Public Health Development Index Parigi Moutong to the level of Central Sulawesi was ranked 6 out of 9 districts/cities, while at the national level comes out to 320 of 440 districts/cities in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to provide a picture of the health problems in Parigi Moutong. In more detail the objectives are observed after the implementation of such interventions and Booster Kalakarya prevention efforts in the area of health problems. Methods: The study is qualitative observational study of participatory design. Samples were taken by using purposive sampling to conduct in-depth interviews and document searches. Results: The results of in-depth interviews obtained information of some constraints inthe implementation of health programs, ie no actions/movements that were signifi cant in the response to the problem. Infant mortality in 2012, registered 7 cases. Substitution head of the health center too fast. This happens because the head of the health center has held PTT doctor working period of one year, which resulted in problems in sustainability programs in health centers. Internal monthly meeting at the Department of Health and the District Health Offi ce with the entire health center no. Effort or movement to address the problems associated Regional Health Problems has not be percieved. Conclusions: Implementation of Regional Booster Kalakarya and Health Troubled make changes to the head of health policy by forming groups Conscious Movement IHC and revitalization partnership TBA and midwives who are increasing numbers toddlersweighing scope and aid delivery by health personnel.

  17. Carbon and water fluxes above a cacao plantation in Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, U.; Ibrom, A.

    2003-04-01

    The investigation of interactions between biosphere and atmosphere of the major land use types of the tropical rain forest margin area in South East Asia and quantification of the impact that land use change from undisturbed primary rain forest to pasture has on these interactions is task of subprogramme B1 within the DFG-funded project STORMA (Stability of Rain Forest Margins). In order to fulfill the projects tasks the different major land use types have to be investigated and each ecosystem characterized one by one and compared to a reference site in an undisturbed primary rain forest, to see the changes in the atmosphere-biospheric interactions, i. e. in water and carbon household, with land use change and thus the impact on regional climate. One of the major land use types in the valleys around the Lore Lindu National Park on Sulawesi are Cacao plantations, Theobroma cacao. A site in the Palolo valley near the village Nopu was chosen as research site since the area there is covered with small Cacao fields which form to one big area of Cacao and matches the requirements of the applied research approach. Since Cacao trees need to be shaded especially when younger, shadow trees had been planted and trees of the former forest had been left standing to serve as wind breaks and sun shades. The plantations in Nopu, Palolo valley, consist not only of fields of cultivated Cacao, but also serve as environment and home to the farmers and their families. The whole area of Cacao plantation is interspersed with wooden farm houses, which are also sources of carbon dioxide due to cooking or small power plants etc. and thus have to be taken into account when looking at the carbon household of this specific ecosystem. An estimation of the components of the carbon and water household and the contribution of the humans living within this environment to the carbon household of Cacao plantations of this ecosystem is subject of this presentation. From December 2001 until April 2002

  18. Atmospheric Ionic Deposition in Tropical Sites of Central Sulawesi Determined by Ion Exchange Resin Collectors and Bulk Water Collector

    OpenAIRE

    Köhler, S; Jungkunst, H.; Gutzler, C.; Herrera, R.; Gerold, G

    2012-01-01

    In the light of global change, the necessity to monitor atmospheric depositions that have relevant effects on ecosystems is ever increasing particularly for tropical sites. For this study, atmospheric ionic depositions were measured on tropical Central Sulawesi at remote sites with both a conventional bulk water collector system (BWS collector) and with a passive ion exchange resin collector system (IER collector). The principle of IER collector to fix all ionic depositions, i.e. anions and c...

  19. Local Culture Individual Counseling towards Behavioral Smoking at SMAN 09 Maros South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhasidah

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The health condition of the people due to smoking habits can be categorized as a "global public emergency". World tobacco consumption was found to kill one person every second, and there are 1.3 billion smokers in the world, one third comes from the global population aged 15 years and above. Each year, tobacco causes about 8.8% of deaths (4.9 million and about 4.1% causes the disease (59.1%. If this trend is not turned around, then these figures will rise to 10 million deaths per year from 2020 or in early 2030 with 70% of deaths occur in developing countries. World No Tobacco Day May 31, 2012, the State Indonesia tops the list with the highest number of teen smokers in the world, namely 82.4%, (WHO, 2008. Data of heath department there are 15,000 to 18,000 teenagers die each year in Indonesia is due to smoking and drugs abused. This study aims to know the culture of individual counseling toward the smoking behavior on students. The sampling technique is purposive sampling, 30 students smokers, study design "quasy experiment" with "one group pretest-posttest design" (Son 2012, with statistics test, t-test (α = 0.05. The results of pre-test to post-test, it was found there was an increase in knowledge, after being given counseling in groups with the provision of material and playback method video. Result indicated that there is a local culture that is meaningful in counseling individuals, compared with group counseling, namely there are 10 students who smoked (100% have the desire to quit smoking after being given counseling per person, compared with group counseling to 30 students, only 2 students claiming to want to quit smoking. Of the 30 students who smoke, there were 29 who started smoking at grade 5 elementary school and one junior high school students who start smoking. In conclusions, the majority of students had smoked since elementary school, and 10 (100% students have a desire to quit smoking after being given individual counseling.

  20. Plume indications from hydrothermal activity on Kawio Barat Submarine Volcano, Sangihe Talaud Sea, North Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makarim, S.; Baker, E. T.; Walker, S. L.; Wirasantosa, S.; Permana, H.; Sulistiyo, B.; Shank, T. M.; Holden, J. F.; Butterfield, D.; Ramdhan, M.; Adi, R.; Marzuki, M. I.

    2010-12-01

    Kawio Barat submarine volcano has formed in response to the active tectonic conditions in Sangihe Talaud, an area that lies in the subduction zone between the Molucca Sea Plate and Celebes Sea Plate. Submarine volcanic activity in the western Sangihe volcanic arc is controlled by the west-dipping Molucca Sea Plate as it subducts beneath the Sangihe Arc. A secondary faulting system on Kawio Barat is in a northwest - southeast direction, and creates a network of deep cracks that facilitate hydrothermal discharge in this area. Hydrothermal activity on Kawio Barat was first discovered by joint Indonesia/Australian cruises in 2003. In 2010, as part of the joint US/Indonesian INDEX-SATAL expedition, we conducted CTD casts that confirmed continuing activity. Hydrothermal plumes were detected by light -scattering (LSS) and oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) sensors on the CTD package. LSS anomalies were found between 1600-1900 m, with delta NTU levels of 0.020-0.040. ORP anomalies coincident with the LSS anomalies indicate strong concentrations of reduced species such as H2S and Fe, confirming the hydrothermal origin of the plumes. Images of hydrothermal vents on Kawio Barat Submarine volcano, recorded by high- definition underwater cameras on the ROV “Little Hercules” operated from the NOAA ship Okeanos Explorer, confirmed the presence and sources of the detected vent plumes in the northern and southwest part of the summit in 1800-1900 m depth. In southwest part of this summit chimney, drips of molten sulfur were observed in the proximity of microbal staining.

  1. Identification keys on rattans (Calamus spp. from Central Sulawesi based on anatomical structure of stems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDI TANRA TELLU

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to obtain information the anatomical characteristics of 20 rattan species from Central Sulawesi and to use it for anatomical identification of rattan species. The rattan comprised 16 Calamus species, three Daemonorops species and one Korthalsia species. For anatomical observation 10-15 mm pieces of the mature stem from shares of tip do not have frond were processed with polyethilene glycol 2000, cut at 18-32 µm and stained with a combination of acridin-cryzoidin red and astrablue. Cleared preparation were used to observe stegmata, and macerated material was used to measure the length of fibers and vessel elements. Anilin sulfate was used to confirm the existence of lignin. Anatomical characteristics used in identification were shape and will thickening of epidermal cells and the position stomata at epidermal; the arrangement of sub epidermal parenchyma; composition of vascular bundles and their distribution; the shape and arrangement of central ground parenchyma and the occurrence of fiber bundles. The research result indicated that the anatomical character can be compiled to a key identify the rattan at genus and species level.

  2. Identification of Entamoeba polecki with Unique 18S rRNA Gene Sequences from Celebes Crested Macaques and Pigs in Tangkoko Nature Reserve, North Sulawesi, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuda, Josef; Feng, Meng; Imada, Mihoko; Kobayashi, Seiki; Cheng, Xunjia; Tachibana, Hiroshi

    2016-09-01

    Unique species of macaques are distributed across Sulawesi Island, Indonesia, and the details of Entamoeba infections in these macaques are unknown. A total of 77 stool samples from Celebes crested macaques (Macaca nigra) and 14 stool samples from pigs were collected in Tangkoko Nature Reserve, North Sulawesi, and the prevalence of Entamoeba infection was examined by PCR. Entamoeba polecki was detected in 97% of the macaques and all of the pigs, but no other Entamoeba species were found. The nucleotide sequence of the 18S rRNA gene in E. polecki from M. nigra was unique and showed highest similarity with E. polecki subtype (ST) 4. This is the first case of identification of E. polecki ST4 from wild nonhuman primates. The sequence of the 18S rRNA gene in E. polecki from pigs was also unique and showed highest similarity with E. polecki ST1. These results suggest that the diversity of the 18S rRNA gene in E. polecki is associated with differences in host species and geographic localization, and that there has been no transmission of E. polecki between macaques and pigs in the study area.

  3. Isolation and phylogenetic characterization of iron-sulfur-oxidizing heterotrophic bacteria indigenous to nickel laterite ores of Sulawesi, Indonesia: Implications for biohydrometallurgy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaerun, Siti Khodijah; Hung, Sutina; Mubarok, Mohammad Zaki; Sanwani, Edy

    2015-09-01

    The main objective of this study was to isolate and phylogenetically identify the indigenous iron-sulfur-oxidizing heterotrophic bacteria capable of bioleaching nickel from laterite mineral ores. The bacteria were isolated from a nickel laterite mine area in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Seven bacterial strains were successfully isolated from laterite mineral ores (strains SKC/S-1 to SKC/S-7) and they were capable of bioleaching of nickel from saprolite and limonite ores. Using EzTaxon-e database, the 16S rRNA gene sequences of the seven bacterial strains were subjected to phylogenetic analysis, resulting in a complete hierarchical classification system, and they were identified as Pseudomonas taiwanensis BCRC 17751 (98.59% similarity), Bacillus subtilis subsp. inaquosorum BGSC 3A28 (99.14% and 99.32% similarities), Paenibacillus pasadenensis SAFN-007 (98.95% and 99.33% similarities), Bacillus methylotrophicus CBMB 205 (99.37% similarity), and Bacillus altitudinis 41KF2b (99.37% similarity). It is noteworthy that members of the phylum Firmicutes (in particular the genus Bacillus) predominated in this study, therefore making them to have the high potential to be candidates for the bioleaching of nickel from laterite mineral ores. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the predominance of the phylum Firmicutes in the Sulawesi laterite mineral ores.

  4. Variability of Western Pacific Warm Pool Rainfall since 50 ka BP: Lithologic and Isotopic Perspectives from Lake Matano, Central Sulawesi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wicaksono, S. A.; Russell, J. M.; Bijaksana, S.; Noren, A. J.; Wattrus, N. J.; Vogel, H.

    2012-12-01

    We use multiple paleohydrological proxies applied to the sedimentary record of Lake Matano (2°29.1'S 121°20'E), central Sulawesi, Indonesia, to understand the mechanisms controlling long-term variations of the Australian-Indonesian Monsoon (AIM) and Western Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP) convection during the past 50 ka. Lithogenic tracers of surface runoff, including magnetic susceptibility and XRF-derived iron counts, are high during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 2/Last Glacial Maximum as well as during millennial-scale northern hemisphere cold events (e.g. the Younger Dryas and Heinrich events), indicating a wetter climate during these northern hemisphere stadials. These events appear in antiphase to dry conditions in mainland Asia, reconstructed by oxygen isotopic analyses of Chinese speleothems, demonstrating antiphasing between the AIM (our record) and the East Asian Summer Monsoon (Chinese speleothems) at both orbital and millennial timescales. At the orbital band, this antiphasing is likely due to the influence of changing seasonal insolation on the global summer monsoons, northern hemisphere ice sheet expansion, and associated shifts in the mean latitudinal position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. Interestingly, our data indicates that MIS2 was far wetter than the late Holocene, despite similar austral summer insolation at these times. The strikingly wet MIS2 signal in our proxy data compared to MIS1 and MIS3 suggests that the climate in this region is strongly sensitive to glacial forcings, likely related to changes in WPWP convection driven by greenhouse gas forcing and ice-volume induced atmospheric circulation changes. To better understand the connection between WPWP convection, water vapor transport, and AIM strength at orbital timescales, we also investigate hydrogen isotopic ratios of terrestrial higher plant leaf waxes (δDwax) in Lake Matano's sediments. Assuming that δDwax records the δD of past precipitation, which may be related to the

  5. The Impact of Total Quality Management Practices towards Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance: Case of Fishery Industry in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musran Munizu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study attempt to test the effect of Total Quality Management (TQM practices towards competitive advantage and organizational performance. The design of this research has quantitative approach. Data was collected by questionnaire instrument. The unit of analysis is big and medium scale fishery companies. The respondents in this research are the managers of fishery companies. The study utilized primary data which is obtained through questionnaire. The number of population was 66 fishery companies in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Random sampling is used in the study. 55 complete questionnaires were returned as a final sample. Three hypotheses have been developed through literature review and tested using Path Analysis performed by SPSS 18.00 software. The results show that TQM practices have positive and significant effect both on organizational performance and competitive advantage. Competitive advantage has a positive and significant effect on organizational performance. Organizational performance is more influenced by competitive advantage than TQM practices.

  6. Diversity of endophytic fungi from root of Maize var. Pulut (waxy corn local variety of south sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    AMIN, NUR

    2013-01-01

    Endophytes are microorganisms that live within plant tissues without causing symptoms of disease. The objective of this investigation was to isolation and identification of fungal endophytes from roots of maize plant var. Pulut (a local variety of south Sulawesi). Sixty three isolates of fungal endophytes were isolated from the root of maize var. Pulut. The isolates belonged to six genera, namely :Trichoderma sp., Fusarium sp., Acremonium sp., Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp., and Botryodiplo...

  7. Rapid evolution of sessility in an endemic species flock of the freshwater bivalve Corbicula from ancient lakes on Sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    von Rintelen, Thomas; Glaubrecht, Matthias

    2005-01-01

    The fauna of ancient lakes frequently contains taxa with highly derived morphologies that resulted from in situ radiation of lacustrine lineages with high antiquity. We employed a molecular mtDNA phylogeny to investigate this claim for corbiculid freshwater bivalves in two ancient lake systems on the Indonesian island Sulawesi. Among the otherwise mobile corbiculid species flock, only one taxon, Posostrea anomioides, in the ancient Lake Poso exhibits a unique habit, i.e. cementing one valve t...

  8. Genera of the leaf-feeding Dendrothripinae of the world (Thysanoptera, Thripidae), with new species from Australia and Sulawesi, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mound, Laurence A; Tree, Desley J

    2016-01-01

    Character states used in distinguishing taxa within the Thripidae subfamily Dendrothripinae are discussed, and a key presented to the 11 genera recognized worldwide. Comments on each of these genera are provided, together with keys to the species from Australia of Dendrothrips, Ensiferothrips and Pseudodendrothrips. From Australia are described, four new species of Dendrothrips, one of Pseudodendrothrips, and a remarkable new species of Ensiferothrips that has required a re-diagnosis of that genus. Another new species of Ensiferothrips is described from Sulawesi, thus greatly extending the known geographical range of this previously Australian genus. PMID:27394887

  9. Architecture and morphology of coral reef sequences. Modeling and observations from uplifting islands of SE Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastier, Anne-Morwenn; Husson, Laurent; Bezos, Antoine; Pedoja, Kevin; Elliot, Mary; Hafidz, Abdul; Imran, Muhammad; Lacroix, Pascal; Robert, Xavier

    2016-04-01

    During the Late Neogene, sea level oscillations have profoundly shaped the morphology of the coastlines of intertropical zones, wherein relative sea level simultaneously controlled reef expansion and erosion of earlier reef bodies. In uplifted domains like SE Sulawesi, the sequences of fossil reefs display a variety of fossil morphologies. Similarly, the morphologies of the modern reefs are highly variable, including cliff notches, narrow fringing reefs, wide flat terraces, and barriers reefs. In this region, where uplift rates vary rapidly laterally, the entire set of morphologies is displayed within short distances. We developed a numerical model that predicts the architecture of fossil reefs sequences and apply it to observations from SE Sulawesi, accounting -amongst other parameters- for reef growth, coastal erosion, and uplift rates. The observations that we use to calibrate our models are mostly the morphology of both the onshore (dGPS and high-resolution Pleiades DEM) and offshore (sonar) coast, as well as U-Th radiometrically dated coral samples. Our method allows unravelling the spatial and temporal evolution of large domains on map view. Our analysis indicates that the architecture and morphology of uplifting coastlines is almost systematically polyphased (as attested by samples of different ages within a unique terrace), which assigns a primordial role to erosion, comparable to reef growth. Our models also reproduce the variety of modern morphologies, which are chiefly dictated by the uplift rates of the pre-existing morphology of the substratum, itself responding to the joint effects of reef building and subsequent erosion. In turn, we find that fossil and modern morphologies can be returned to uplift rates rather precisely, as the parametric window of each specific morphology is often narrow.

  10. Mercury pollution on district of Dimembe river system North Sulawesi, Indonesia, due to traditional gold mining activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayhuan, D.; Atteng, O.; Dondokambey, A.; Randuk, M.

    2003-05-01

    Mercury contamination caused by the amalgamation of gold in small scale gold mining is a environmental problem. Small-scale gold mining (SSGM) is common in mineral endowed developing countries. It offers an important means of livehood and has served as a safety net in times of natural calamities or economic distress. In north Sulawesi Province alone, approximately 22,000 small-scale gold miners were active in 1998, and produced an estimated 10 tonnes of gold bullion. Activities of traditional / illegal gold mining (PETI) in Dimembe of district, which is located in Minahasa Regency, North Sulawesi Province. The major environmental concern associated with PETI in mercury pollution from processing of gold-bearing ore. In both the inorganic and organic forms, mercury is one of the most toxic substances to humans. One of the environmental pollution is water pollution on district of Dimembe river system that is probably caused by the use of mercury (Hg) in processing mine ore. This mercury is used in an iron rolling vessel, wllich is called tromol. Mercury concentration at employed in this operation reaches 1 kg out of 30 kg ore. Sampling stage was conducted at Warat river, downstream Taiawaan river, Merut river and Kadumut river on late April 2002 by BAPEDALDA team together with Health Laboratory staff. Material which were sampled was water. Sampling methods carried out were bottle sample immersed about 10 cm below the water surface. The analysis method used was mercury analyzer. The analysis result show that total concentration of mercury range from 1. 69 to 25. 54 ppb. This concentration is closed to Water Quality Standard IV Class that is 0.005 mg/L (Regulation Government No. 82/2001). The result of this research indicate that the district of Dimembe river system in the gold mining area have been contaminated by mercury.

  11. Age estimates for an adaptive lake fish radiation, its mitochondrial introgression, and an unexpected sister group: Sailfin silversides of the Malili Lakes system in Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    Stelbrink, Björn; Stöger, Isabella; Hadiaty, Renny K; Schliewen, Ulrich K.; Herder, Fabian

    2014-01-01

    Background The Malili Lakes system in central Sulawesi (Indonesia) is a hotspot of freshwater biodiversity in the Wallacea, characterized by endemic species flocks like the sailfin silversides (Teleostei: Atherinomorpha: Telmatherinidae) radiation. Phylogenetic reconstructions of these freshwater fishes have previously revealed two Lake Matano Telmatherina lineages (sharpfins and roundfins) forming an ancient monophyletic group, which is however masked by introgressive hybridization of sharpf...

  12. Orbital- to millennial-scale abrupt hydrologic change in central Indonesia during the past 60,000 years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, J. M.; Vogel, H.; Konecky, B.; Bijaksana, S.; King, J. W.; Cahyarini, S. Y.; Tamuntuan, G. H.; Noren, A. J.; Wattrus, N. J.

    2011-12-01

    Indonesia sits at the western edge of the tropical Pacific warm pool, and its climate responds to the Australasian monsoon and the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ). Despite Indonesia's climatological significance, we have very few records of the region's hydrology. To fill this gap, in 2010 we collected long sediment piston cores and seismic reflection data from Lake Towuti, Sulawesi (2.5 S, 121 E), the largest lake in Indonesia. We are building new reconstructions of regional hydrology based upon sedimentological, geochemical, magnetic, core-scanning x-ray fluorescence, and compound-specific stable isotopic data to develop the first continuous record of rainfall and drought over the last 60,000 years from the maritime continent. Our record shows that, at the orbital scale, the boreal winter monsoon-dominated climate of central Indonesia responds to both precessional forcing of the Australasian monsoon and high latitude glacial processes. We observe relatively dry conditions at 60 kyr BP, wet conditions during much of Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS3), and a dry early/wet late Holocene. This is antiphased with speleothem 18O/16O records from China (e.g. Wang et al., 2008, Nature 451: 1090-1093), and is consistent with southward migration of the ITCZ over Indonesia and Australia during precession maxima. However, we observe the driest conditions of the last 60 kyr during the last glacial maximum (LGM), when southern hemisphere summer insolation was low. Previous studies (e.g. Griffiths et al., 2009, Nature Geosciences 2: 636-639) have suggested that exposure of the Sunda Shelf during the LGM reduces central Indonesian convection. However, we observe little effect of Sunda Shelf exposure on Indonesian hydrology during MIS3, and the deglacial rise in precipitation appears rapid in our data relative to sea level rise. We suggest that cool sea surface temperatures in the maritime continent, driven by greenhouse gas minima and associated glacial processes, reduced LGM

  13. Cladistics of some rattans (Calamus spp. from Central Sulawesi based on physical and mechanical characteristic of stems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDI TANRA TELLU

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The research of the physical and mechanical characteristic of rattans stem of 10 species of the genus Calamus from Bancea Nature Reserve and Lore Lindu National Park in Central Sulawesi had been conducted. The aims of this research were to describe phylogenetic relationship of those species based on physical and mechanical characteristic with cladistic approach (cladogram. The research had been used descriptive method, i.e. specific gravity, parallel attracting firmness of fiber, firmness stress parallels of flex firmness, and fiber/static curve. It was reconciled with standard of ASTM D no 143-52 with a few which has modified. The data was analyzed by ANOVA. The result indicated that the mechanical and physical characteristic of Calamus rattan can be made as distinguishing evidences. It can be compiled by a new classification in the form of cladistic (classification of numeric as complement of previous classification.

  14. Space Radar Image of Central Sumatra, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    This is a radar image of the central part of the island of Sumatra in Indonesia that shows how the tropical rainforest typical of this country is being impacted by human activity. Native forest appears in green in this image, while prominent pink areas represent places where the native forest has been cleared. The large rectangular areas have been cleared for palm oil plantations. The bright pink zones are areas that have been cleared since 1989, while the dark pink zones are areas that were cleared before 1989. These radar data were processed as part of an effort to assist oil and gas companies working in the area to assess the environmental impact of both their drilling operations and the activities of the local population. Radar images are useful in these areas because heavy cloud cover and the persistent smoke and haze associated with deforestation have prevented usable visible-light imagery from being acquired since 1989. The dark shapes in the upper right (northeast) corner of the image are a chain of lakes in flat coastal marshes. This image was acquired in October 1994 by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) onboard the space shuttle Endeavour. Environmental changes can be easily documented by comparing this image with visible-light data that were acquired in previous years by the Landsat satellite. The image is centered at 0.9 degrees north latitude and 101.3 degrees east longitude. The area shown is 50 kilometers by 100 kilometers (31 miles by 62 miles). The colors in the image are assigned to different frequencies and polarizations of the radar as follows: red is L-band horizontally transmitted, horizontally received; green is L-band horizontally transmitted, vertically received; blue is L-band vertically transmitted, vertically received. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italian and United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth program.

  15. "A Diploma and a Descendant!" Premarital Sexuality, Education and Politics among Dani University Students in North Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munro, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    In Indonesia, the notion of "study first" ("kuliah dulu") pressures young adults to refrain from sex and delay marriage until they finish tertiary education. Recent scholarship has viewed choices to abstain from sex as evidence of the potency of values of modernisation, Islamic culture and the contemporary importance of moral and social order. By…

  16. Migration pressure, tenure security and agricultural intensification : Evidence from Indonesia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Grimm (Michael); S. Klasen (Stephan)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstractWe explore the role played by migration induced population pressure for the endogenous adoption of formal land titles and subsequent investments in land in Central Sulawesi (Indonesia). Using original village and household-level data we provide evidence that migration pressure increa

  17. A Poverty Structural Model of a Forest Community in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia : A Decomposition of Effects in Path Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Salam, Muslim

    2006-01-01

    In current economic development situation of Indonesia, poverty issue is one of the big problems to cope with. Statistically, in the country, the percentage of population below the poverty line doubled from 11% in 1990 to about 20% during the peak of the crisis, in 1997-1998. Besides that forests are currently facing greater threats than at any time in the past, where many areas are undergoing rapid deforestation and degradation as a result of human activity. In taking part on these issues, t...

  18. Determination Of The Curcumin Pigment In Extract Curcuma Domestica Val From South Sulawesi Indonesia By High Performance Liquid Chromatography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Hastati

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Indonesia is a country endowed with a variety of medicinal plants with strong potential for therapeutic application curcuma domestica val is called kunyit is one of the most popular medicinal herbs.Its important active ingredient responsible for the biological activityofcurcuma through the major activity is antyinflammatory. Curcuma has also been reported to possess antioxidant antiallergicwound healingantibacterialantifungal and anti tumor activity.The yellow colour of curcuma is mainly due to the presence of polyphenolic curcuminoids. This experiment was aimed to determine analysis compound of curcuminoid form analysis using HPLCLC-10ATShimadzucolumn C-18 VP-ODS acetonitrilacetic acidaquabides as mobile phaseflow rate 1 mlmin and detection at 425nm.Thus the analytical method using HPLC for curcumin were feasible for quantitative analysis. The curcuminoid content from Extract Curcuma domestica Val had the highest curcumin 16.1 followed metoxycurcumin 3.2 and bisdemetoxycurcumin 2.8

  19. SURVAI VECTOR DAN RESERVOIR PENYAKIT ZOONOTIK YANG DITULARKAN OLEH ARTHROPODA DI DESA BASI, KECAMATAN DONDO KABUPATEN BUOL — TOLITOLI, SULAWESI TENGAH, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuti R. Hadi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available An ecological survey was conducted in Central Sulawesi to obtain information on the distri­bution of reservoir hosts and vectors of arthropod-borne zoonotic diseases. Serological test were done from human sera collected in the area against arboviral and rickettsial antigens. Three species of Culex mosquitoes known as potential vectors of arbovirosis: Cx. bitaeni-orhynchus, Cx. gelidus and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, were found in the area surveyed. A known vector of scrub typhus, Leptotrombidium (L. deliensis, was also found in that area. Suspected reservoirs of arthropod-borne zoonosis in the area surveyed were chickens, ducks, cows, horses, monkeys and rats. The prevalence of antibodies against arbovirus group A antigens ( Chikungunya, Getah and Sindbis was 34,06%, 28,5% and 4,39%, against arbovirus group B antigen (Japanese Encepha­litis was 93,4% and none against Rickettsia tsutsugamushi and Rickettsia typhy antigens, out of 91 human sera examined. Antibodies were found in animal sera examined against arbovirus group A and arbovirus group B antigens in a variation of 11,8% — 100%. The prevalence of antibodies against R. tsutsugamushi antigen was 22,7% out of 22 rat sera examined.

  20. Poverty and Tropical Deforestation by Smallholders in Forest Margin Areas: Evidence from Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Reetz, Sunny W.H.; Schwarze, Stefan; Brümmer, Bernhard

    2012-01-01

    The negative impacts of climate change have made poverty and deforestation topics of heightened interest within global community discussions in recent years. Our study contributes to the debate over the links between poverty and deforestation by providing an alternative approach from the village level perspective, whilst broadening the range of poverty measures based on poverty proxies and subjective well-being (SWB). We use a beta regression in our empirical model. Our results suggest that t...

  1. Variation in photosynthetic light-use efficiency in a mountainous tropical rain forest in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibrom, Andreas; Oltchev, A.; June, T.;

    2008-01-01

    in remote tropical areas. We used a 16-month continuous CO2 flux and meteorological dataset from a mountainous tropical rain forest in central Sulawesi, Indonesia to derive values of epsilon(Pg). and to investigate the relationship between P-g and Q(abs). Absorption was estimated with a 1D SVAT model from...

  2. Legal and actual central bank independence : A case study of Bank of Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Artha, I.K.D.S.; de Haan, J.

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-200

  3. Atmospheric Ionic Deposition in Tropical Sites of Central Sulawesi Determined by Ion Exchange Resin Collectors and Bulk Water Collector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köhler, S; Jungkunst, H F; Gutzler, C; Herrera, R; Gerold, G

    2012-09-01

    In the light of global change, the necessity to monitor atmospheric depositions that have relevant effects on ecosystems is ever increasing particularly for tropical sites. For this study, atmospheric ionic depositions were measured on tropical Central Sulawesi at remote sites with both a conventional bulk water collector system (BWS collector) and with a passive ion exchange resin collector system (IER collector). The principle of IER collector to fix all ionic depositions, i.e. anions and cations, has certain advantages referring to (1) post-deposition transformation processes, (2) low ionic concentrations and (3) low rainfall and associated particulate inputs, e.g. dust or sand. The ionic concentrations to be measured for BWS collectors may easily fall below detection limits under low deposition conditions which are common for tropical sites of low land use intensity. Additionally, BWS collections are not as independent from the amount of rain fallen as are IER collections. For this study, the significant differences between both collectors found for nearly all measured elements were partly correlated to the rainfall pattern, i.e. for calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium. However, the significant differences were, in most cases, not highly relevant. More relevant differences between the systems were found for aluminium and nitrate (434-484 %). Almost five times higher values for nitrate clarified the advantage of the IER system particularly for low deposition rate which is one particularity of atmospheric ionic deposition in tropical sites of extensive land use. The monthly resolution of the IER data offers new insights into the temporal distribution of annual ionic depositions. Here, it did not follow the tropical rain pattern of a drier season within generally wet conditions.

  4. Atmospheric Ionic Deposition in Tropical Sites of Central Sulawesi Determined by Ion Exchange Resin Collectors and Bulk Water Collector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köhler, S; Jungkunst, H F; Gutzler, C; Herrera, R; Gerold, G

    2012-09-01

    In the light of global change, the necessity to monitor atmospheric depositions that have relevant effects on ecosystems is ever increasing particularly for tropical sites. For this study, atmospheric ionic depositions were measured on tropical Central Sulawesi at remote sites with both a conventional bulk water collector system (BWS collector) and with a passive ion exchange resin collector system (IER collector). The principle of IER collector to fix all ionic depositions, i.e. anions and cations, has certain advantages referring to (1) post-deposition transformation processes, (2) low ionic concentrations and (3) low rainfall and associated particulate inputs, e.g. dust or sand. The ionic concentrations to be measured for BWS collectors may easily fall below detection limits under low deposition conditions which are common for tropical sites of low land use intensity. Additionally, BWS collections are not as independent from the amount of rain fallen as are IER collections. For this study, the significant differences between both collectors found for nearly all measured elements were partly correlated to the rainfall pattern, i.e. for calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium. However, the significant differences were, in most cases, not highly relevant. More relevant differences between the systems were found for aluminium and nitrate (434-484 %). Almost five times higher values for nitrate clarified the advantage of the IER system particularly for low deposition rate which is one particularity of atmospheric ionic deposition in tropical sites of extensive land use. The monthly resolution of the IER data offers new insights into the temporal distribution of annual ionic depositions. Here, it did not follow the tropical rain pattern of a drier season within generally wet conditions. PMID:22865942

  5. Paleostress reconstruction from calcite twin and fault-slip data using the multiple inverse method in the East Walanae fault zone: Implications for the Neogene contraction in South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaya, Asri; Nishikawa, Osamu

    2013-10-01

    A new approach for paleostress analysis using the multiple inverse method with calcite twin data including untwinned e-plane was performed in the East Walanae fault (EWF) zone in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Application of untwinned e-plane data of calcite grain to constrain paleostress determination is the first attempt for this method. Stress states caused by the collision of the south-east margin of Sundaland with the Australian microcontinents during the Pliocene were successfully detected from a combination of calcite-twin data and fault-slip data. This Pliocene NE-SW-to-E-W-directed maximum compression activated the EWF as a reverse fault with a dextral component of slip with pervasive development of secondary structures in the narrow zone between Bone Mountain and Walanae Depression.

  6. Diversity and community structure of dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae across a habitat disturbance gradient in Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SHAHABUDDIN

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Shahabuddin (2010 Diversity and community structure of dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae across habitat disturbance gradient in Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi. Biodiversitas 11: 29-33. Dung beetles are important component of most terrestrial ecosystems and used to assess the effects of habitat disturbance and deforestation. This study aimed at comparing dung beetle assemblages among several habitat types ranging from natural tropical forest and agroforestry systems to open cultivated areas at the margin of Lore Lindu National Park (LLNP, Central Sulawesi (one of Indonesia’s biodiversity hotspots. Therefore, 10 pitfall traps baited with cattle dung were exposed at each habitat type (n = 4 replicate sites per habitat type to collect the dung beetles. The results showed that species richness of dung beetles declined significantly from natural forest to open area. However cacao agroforestry systems seemed to be capable of maintaining a high portion of dung beetle species inhabiting at forest sites. The closer relationship between dung beetle assemblages recorded at forest and agroforestry sites reflects the high similarity of some measured habitat parameters (e.g. vegetation structure and microclimate between both habitat types, while species assemblages at open areas differed significantly from both other habitat groups. These results indicated that habitat type has importance effect on determining the species richness and community structure of dung beetles at the margin of LLNP.

  7. The Odonata of Sulawesi and adjacent islands. Part 4. A new genus and species of Chlorocyphidae from South-East Sulawesi

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tol, van J.

    1998-01-01

    A new genus and species of Chlorocyphidae (Insecta: Odonata: Zygoptera), Watuwila vervoorti, from SE Sulawesi (Indonesia) is described. A preliminary phylogenetic analysis of the genera of the family indicates that the genus represents a relatively old lineage.

  8. Aluminium Accumulation and Intra-Tree Distribution Patterns in Three Arbor aluminosa (Symplocos) Species from Central Sulawesi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Marco; Boras, Sven; Tjoa, Aiyen; Watanabe, Toshihiro; Jansen, Steven

    2016-01-01

    Accumulation of Aluminium (Al) at concentrations far above 1,000 mg kg-1 in aboveground plant tissues of Arbor aluminosa (Symplocos) species is the main reason why traditional Indonesian weavers rely on their leaves and bark as a mordant for dyeing textile. Recently, Symplocos species have become a flagship species for the conservation efforts of weaving communities due to their traditionally non-sustainable sampling and increasing demand for Symplocos plant material. Here we investigated Symplocos odoratissima, S. ophirensis and S. ambangensis at three montane rainforest sites in Central Sulawesi to measure Al levels in different tissues and organs. The highest Al concentrations were found in old leaves (24,180 ± 7,236 mg·kg-1 dry weight, mean ± SD), while young leaves had significantly lower Al levels (20,708 ± 7,025 mg·kg-1). Al accumulation was also lower in bark and wood tissue of the trunk (17,231 ± 8,356 mg·kg-1 and 5,181 ± 2,032 mg·kg-1, respectively). Two Al excluding species (Syzigium sp. and Lithocarpus sp.) contained only high Al levels in their roots. Moreover, no difference was found in soil pH (4.7 ± 0.61) and nutrient (K, Ca, Fe, Mg) availability at different soil levels and within or outside the crown of Symplocos trees, except for the upper soil layer. Furthermore, a positive and significant correlation between Al and Ca concentrations was found at the whole plant level for Symplocos, and at the leaf level for S. ophirensis and S. ambangensis, suggesting a potential role of Ca in Al uptake and/or detoxification within the plant. Our results provide evidence for strong Al accumulation in Symplocos species and illustrate that both Al accumulation and exclusion represent two co-occurring strategies of montane rainforest plants for dealing with Al toxicity. Indonesian weavers should be encouraged to harvest old leaves, which have the most efficient mordant capacity due to high Al concentrations.

  9. Response of CO2 and H2O fluxes in a mountainous tropical rainforest in equatorial Indonesia to El Niño events

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olchev, A.; Ibrom, Andreas; Panferov, O.;

    2015-01-01

    The possible impact of El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events on the main components of CO2 and H2O fluxes in a pristine mountainous tropical rainforest growing in Central Sulawesi in Indonesia is described. The fluxes were continuously measured using the eddy covariance method for the period...

  10. Legal and Actual Central Bank Independence: A Case Study of Bank Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    De Haan, Jakob; I Kadek Dian Sutrisna Artha

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-2008 and compares it with a new legal CBI indicator based on Cukierman (1992). The indicator of actual independence captures institutional and economic factors that affect CBI. We find that before 199...

  11. Legal and actual central bank independence: A case study of Bank of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Artha, I.K.D.S.; J. de Haan

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-2008 and compares it with a new legal CBI indicator based on Cukierman (1992). The indicator of actual independence captures institutional and economic factors that affect CBI. We find that before 199...

  12. IMPLEMENTASI NILAI-NILAI SUFISME TAREKAT NAQSYABANDIYAH DI SULAWESI SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadarah Rajab

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available For Muslims, especially those who are interested in sufism, Naqsabandiya sufi order is of special interest due to its important position in society. This is also because the great influence that this sufi order has played in the Islamic world, especially in Indonesia, India, China and Middle East. In Indonesia, this sufi order has spread throughout the islands, including in South Celebes. One of the great teacher of this sufi order came from this region, namely Syaikh Yusuf al-Makassari. He was believed to be the first to introduce this sufi in Indonesia. This essay attempts to explain the method of essential teaching developed in this sufi order, as this is practiced by people in South Celebes. It also traces the sufi’s historical background and expounds the ways in which it influences people’s social life, including in the fields of worship and human relations. Abstrak:  Di kalangan kaum muslim, khususnya yang memiliki ketertarikan dengan dunia sufi, keberadaan tarekat Naqsyabandiyah memiliki kedudukan istimewa. Hal itu antara lain disebabkan karena besarnya pengaruh ajaran tarekat itu di dunia Islam, terutama di wilayah-wilayah Indonesia, India, Cina, dan negara-negara Timur Tengah. Di Indonesia pengaruh ajaran tarekat ini tersebar hampir di seluruh wilayah Indonesia, termasuk di wilayah Sulawesi Selatan. Bahkan bagi masyarakat Sulawesi Selatan, keberadaan tarekat Naqsyabandiyah mempunyai kedudukan penting karena keberadaannya dikaitkan dengan ulama besar dari wilayah ini yaitu Syaikh Yusuf al-Makassari. Syaikh Yusuf diyakini sebagai orang pertama yang memperkenalkan tarekat Naqsyabandiyah di Indonesia. Tulisan ini mengkaji tentang bagaimana metode memperoleh nilai fundamental yang dikembangkan dalam tarekat Naqsyabandiyah. Secara khusus juga akan dikaji ajaran yang dipraktikkan oleh masyarakat Sulawesi Selatan. Alur historisnya di Sulawesi Selatan, dan apa manfaat secara praktis yang dapat mempengaruhi kehidupan sosial masyarakat

  13. Exploration and Inventory of Araceae Genera in Silui Mountain and Uluisimbone Forest, Kolaka Regency, South-East Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    BRAMANTYO TRI ADI NUGROHO; YESSI SANTIKA

    2008-01-01

    The island of Sulawesi has been highlighted as a globally important conservation area, across a range of evaluation criteria. Collection rates on the Sulawesi island are the lowest among in Indonesia area. Taxonomic study also has been limited, with most experts reporting large numbers of undescribed species. The research of Araceae diversity in Sulawesi is subject which in general has not been studied critically. The main purpose of this research is concerned to inventory the diversity of Ar...

  14. Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2011-01-01

    This study presents options for a national disaster risk financing strategy in Indonesia, drawing heavily on international experience. The study discusses a series of complementary options for a national disaster risk financing strategy, based on a preliminary fiscal risk analysis and a review of the current budget management of natural disasters in Indonesia. It benefits from the internat...

  15. Glacial aridity in central Indonesia coeval with intensified monsoon circulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konecky, Bronwen; Russell, James; Bijaksana, Satria

    2016-03-01

    The Last Glacial Maximum was cool and dry over the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool (IPWP), a key region driving global oceanic-atmospheric circulation. Both low- and high-latitude teleconnections with insolation, ice sheets, and sea level have been suggested to explain the pervasive aridity observed in paleoecological and geomorphic data. However, proxies tracking the H- and O-isotopic composition of rainfall (e.g., speleothems, sedimentary biomarkers) suggest muted aridity or even wetter conditions than the present, complicating interpretations of glacial IPWP climate. Here we use multiproxy reconstructions from lake sediments and modern rainfall isotopic measurements from central Indonesia to show that, contrary to the classical "amount effect," intensified Australian-Indonesian monsoon circulation drove lighter H- and O-isotopic composition of IPWP rainfall during the LGM, while at the same time, dry conditions prevailed. Precipitation isotopes are particularly sensitive to the apparent increase in monsoon circulation and perhaps also decreased moisture residence time implied by our data, explaining contrasts among proxy records while illuminating glacial IPWP atmospheric circulation, a key target for climate models.

  16. Relationship Between Dietary Diversity and Perceived Food Security Status in Indonesia : A Case of Households in The North Luwu of South Sulawesi Province

    OpenAIRE

    Pipi, Diansari; Nanseki, Teruaki; Chomei, Yosuke

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to observe the relationship between the objective and subjective measurement of household food security status in North Luwu in Indonesia. The objective measurement is done by means of the composite Dietary Diversity Score (DDS_) consisted of nine food groups, while the subjective measurement is done using the Subjective Food Security Score (SFSS). Specifically, this study estimated the probability of household for being more food secure due to their dietary diversity...

  17. PENCEGAHAN DAN PEMBERANTASAN PENYAKIT-PENYAKIT ZOONOSA NEW, EMERGING DAN RE-EMERGING DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gindo Simanjuntak

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Some important zoonotic diseases in Indonesia are Rabies, Plague, Anthrax, Taeniasis/Cysticercosis and Japanese encephalitis. These diseases are geographycally distributed in some provinces in Indonesia and each disease have its control program. Other zoonoses which are under intensive surveillance are Toxoplasmosis, Leptospirosis, Brucellosis, bovine Tuberculosis and Haemorrhagic Hanta virosis. These diseases have epidemic potential. Plague known foci are in Boyolali Central Java dan Sleman Yogyakarta. In 1987 after 30 years of dormant period an outbreack of plague occured in Pasuruan, East Java with 48 number of cases and 21 deaths. Intensive surveillance on human, rodent and fleas were conducted in three plague foci. Since 1988 no human case of plague is found in Indonesia eventhough antibody against Y. pestis were found positive in human as well as in rodents. Anthrax is distributed geographycally in Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, West and East Nusa Tenggara and Timor Timur. Skin and intestinal Anthrax types are to be found in Indonesia. In 1990 on outbreak of anthrax occured in Central Java and 7 out of 98 cases were fatal. Of 154 (27.9% out 553 human sera collected from the provinces of West Sumatera, West Kalimantan, South Sulawesi, North Sumatera and North Sulawesi were found positive against toxoplasmosis during the survey conducted in 1995. From the same provinces 152 (19.2% out of 792 animal sera also were found antibody positive against Toxoplasma gondii. There are about 170 Leptospirosis serotypes known in Indonesia. Leptospirosis is geographycally distributed in Central Java, Yogyakarta, West Java, North Sumatera, Riau, Jambi, South Sumatera, Bengkulu, East Kalimantan. Sporadic outbreaks occured in some provinces related to the lack of washing and drinking water in the dry season. Of 10 (1.8% out 154 serum specimens taken from humans in West Sumatera, West Kalimantan, South Sulawesi, North

  18. Cinder cones of Mount Slamet, Central Java, Indonesia

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    Igan S. SutawIdjaja

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol4no1.20096The Mount Slamet volcanic field in Central Java, Indonesia, contains thirty five cinder cones within an area of 90 sq. km in the east flank of the volcano. The cinder cones occur singly or in small groups, with diameter of the base ranges from 130 - 750 m and the height is around 250 m. Within the volcanic field, the cinder cones are spread over the volcanic area at the distance of 4 to 14 km from the eruption center of the Slamet Volcano. They are concentrated within latitudes 7°11’00” - 7°16’00” S,, and longitudes 109°15’00” - 109°18’00” E. The density of the cinder cones is about 1.5 cones/km2. Most of the cinder cones lie on the Tertiary sedimentary rocks along the NW-trending fault system and on radial fractures. The structural pattern may be related to the radial faults in this region. The cone surfaces are commonly blanketed by Slamet air-falls and lava flows. The deposits consist of poorly bedded, very coarse-grained, occasionally overlain by oxidized scoria, and large-sized of ballistic bombs and blocks. There are various kind of volcanic bombs originating from scoriae ballistic rock fragments. The other kind of volcanic bombs are breadcrust bomb, almond seed or contorted shape. All of the cinder cones have undergone degradation, which can be observed from the characters of gully density and surface morphology. By using Porter parameters, Hco is equal to 0.25 Wco, whilst Wcr is equal to 0.40 Wco. The Hco/Wco ratio is higher than Hco = 0.2 Wco reference line. A radiometric dating using K-Ar method carried out on a scoria bomb yields the age of 0.042 + 0.020 Ma.  

  19. Food Security and the Futures of Farmers in Decentralisation Era: a Case Study From Sigi District Central Sulawesi

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    Muhammad Nur Alamsyah

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Decentralization is a form of democratization used to push development at district level. The formation of new autonomous regions results into more land conversion and politicization of society, rather than the strengthening of food security and the wellbing of farmers. This study examines the effectivity of local policy of Sigi District South Sulawesi to strengthen food security and elevate the prosperity of farmers. Through qualitative methods to bring together stakeholders (farmers, local authorities through focus group discussions and in-depth interviews, the study found that the district policy still is formalistic. There is no standard information dissemination,no better attitude and commitment to the policy, limited resources, and there is no work standard. The role of regional food security council is not optimal, a lot of institutional barriers, there is no involvement of the community in accessing the programmes and also high politicization of this top down policy. Key Word: Policy, Local Goverment, food security, DecentralizationDesentralisasi merupakan wujud demokratisasi daerah untuk pembangunan. Pembentukan daerah otonom baru (DOB melahirkan terjadinya alih fungsi lahan dan politisasi masyarakat seperti petani daripada penguatan ketahanan pangan dan penguatan petani. Penelitian ini bertujuan meneliti kebijakan Kabupaten Sigi dalam hal penguatan ketahanan pangan dan petani. Melalui metode kualitatif dengan mempertemukan pemangku kepentingan (petani, pejabat daerah melalui diskusi kelompok terfokus dan wawancara mendalam, diketahui bahwa kebijakan masih bersifat formalistik. Tidak ada sosialisasi informasi secara baik, sikap dan komitmen terhadap kebijakan kurang, keterbatasan sumber daya, tidak ada standar kerja. Dewan ketahanan pangan daerah belum optimal, hambatan struktur dan kelembagaan, tidak ada keterlibatan masyarakat dalam mengakses penyusunan program serta tingginya politisasi pada bidang pertanian yang semuanya dikelola

  20. Contribution of Alpha and Beta Diversity Across Land-Use Type to the Regional Diversity of Dung Beetles in Central Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SHAHABUDDIN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The importance of spatial scale has been acknowledged as one of determining factors of species diversity in local and regional diversity. The aim of this study was to evaluate contribution of alpha ( and beta ( diversity across land-use type to gamma ( diversity at the margins of tropical forest in Central Sulawesi using dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae as a focal group. Baited pitfall traps set in four land-use types ranging from natural forest through cacao agroforestry systems to open areas during two years of sampling (2009 and 2012. A total of 28 dung beetle species belonging to four genera were captured during the study period. The results showed that contribution of  diversity was higher than that of  diversity of dung beetles. Each land-use type contributed about 56.5 to 62.5% of the total species richness ( diversity. The similar pattern of biodiversity between each spatial scale and during the two sampling years emphasized the large contribution of each land-use type to maintaining a high portion of the regional species richness. It suggests the importance of managing other land-use types, such as secondary forest and agroforestry as well as protecting the remaining natural forests.

  1. Tectonic Control of Piercement Structures in Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzini, A.; Hadi, S.; Etiope, G.; Inguaggiato, S.

    2014-12-01

    A recent field expedition in Central Java targeted the mapping and sampling of several piercements structures in central Java (Indonesia), most of which have never been documented before. Here, at least seven structures erupting mud water and gas are distributed along a NE-SW alignment that extends for about 10 kilometers. Some of the mapped structures (Bledug Kuwu, Bledug Cangkring Krabagan, Mendikil, Banjarsari, Krewek) have been named after the neighboring local village. None of these have obvious elevation despite the vigorous emission of gas and mud, suggesting that significant caldera collapse is ongoing. Among the most relevant: Bledug Kuwu is certainly the most impressive structure with three main eruption sites in the crater area bursting more than 5 m large hot mud bubbles. Similar characteristics are present at the smaller (200 m in diameter) Bledug Cangkring Krabagan, that is also surrounded by numerous pools and gryphons seeping around the main crater. The smaller sized Mendikil is the only visited structure that, at the moment of the sampling, did not show seepage of hot fluids. Banjarsari and Krewek (up to 200 m wide) are characterized by scattered hot water-dominated pools where gas is vented vigorously. In particular the hot pools are systematically covered by travertine concretions. Water and gas geochemisty confirms the seepage of CO2 dominated gas and water with hydrothermal signature. The investigated structures appear to follow an obvious NE-SW oriented lineament that most likely coincides with a tectonic structure (fault?) that controls their location. Indeed the field observations and the analyses suggest that likely scenario is that this fault (?) acts as a preferential pathway for the expulsion of hydrothermal fluids to the surface. Very little is known about this region, neither is known why several of these structures erupt hot mud despite their significant distance from the two closest volcanic structures (i.e. Mt. Muria 60 km to the NW

  2. Pengembangan Smart Application Translation Aneka Bahasa Sulawesi Berbasis Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maslan - Maslan

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Indonesian people have diverse tribes. Similarly, the regional language that is widespread in Indonesia, each of the tribes in Indonesia have different languages included in South Sulawesi. The number of local and foreign travelers to visit tourist attractions in the city, so that will indirectly communicate with the locals at the time of tourist visits. This research aims to develop smart applications translators Indonesian to Sulawesi region based on Android. This application can translate the three regional languages, namely the language Konjo, makasar and Bugis. The method used is research development by using the Linear Sequential Model. Applications can run well and have gone through the testing phase by inserting a vocabulary of 100 vocabularies for each language area. So that these applications can be used by people in Indonesia who can get through the Google Play Store

  3. Benefits and costs of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, under different policy scenarios

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sumarga, Elham; Hein, Lars

    2016-01-01

    Deforestation and oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan province are among the highest in Indonesia. This study examines the physical and monetary impacts of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan up to 2025 under three policy scenarios. Our modelling approach combines a spatial logistic reg

  4. Cacao Intensification in Sulawesi: A Green Prosperity Model Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moriarty, K.; Elchinger, M.; Hill, G.; Katz, J.; Barnett, J.

    2014-09-01

    NREL conducted eight model projects for Millennium Challenge Corporation's (MCC) Compact with Indonesia. Green Prosperity, the largest project of the Compact, seeks to address critical constraints to economic growth while supporting the Government of Indonesia's commitment to a more sustainable, less carbon-intensive future. This study evaluates techniques to improve cacao farming in Sulawesi Indonesia with an emphasis on Farmer Field Schools and Cocoa Development Centers to educate farmers and for train the trainer programs. The study estimates the economic viability of cacao farming if smallholder implement techniques to increase yield as well as social and environmental impacts of the project.

  5. SURVEILLANCE OF SEAPORT RODENTS AND ITS PARASITES AT SEMARANG, CENTRAL JAVA, AND UJUNG PANDANG, SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. C. Megawe

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Survai rodent dan pinjal dilakukan di pelabuhan Semarang dan Ujung Pandang pada bulan Desember 1984 — Mei 1985. Pada survai tersebut ditemukan 3 jenis tikus yaitu Rattus norvegicus, R. r. diardii dan R. exulans dan satu jenis cecurut Suncus murinus. Jenis tikus yang banyak di­temukan di pelabuhan Semarang adalah R. r. diardii sedang di pelabuhan Ujung Pandang adalah R. norvegicus. Pinjal Xenopsylla cheopis ditemukan di kedua daerah yang disurvai, infestasi lebih tinggi pada R. norvegicus dan R. r. diardii daripada R. exulans dan S. murinus. Indeks pinjal di pelabuhan Ujung Pandang dan sekitarnya 4 kali lebih besar daripada di Semarang. Hasil uji kerentanan pinjal menunjukkan bahwa pinjal di kedua daerah pelabuhan tersebut masih peka terhadap DDT 4%, malathion 0,5% dan fenitrothion 1%.

  6. Pengaruh Aktivitas Wisatawan Terhadap Keanekaragaman Tumbuhan Di Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Rosita Butarbutar

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Tourist arrival and its effects on the sustainability of biodiversity in Sulawesi is one of the interesting public issues discussed at this time. Object of the most visited by tourists are protected forest ecotourism. In a protected forest tour are endemic plant and animal species that must be protected and preserved in order to sustain their ecosystem.  Forest ecosystem suggests the dynamic interactions between plants, animals, and microorganisms and their abiotic environment working together as a functional unit.  Ecosystems will not sustain if they are imbalance.  However, thare are many human activities, especially tourist activities lead to major implications on biodiversity of natural vegetation in Sulawesi. This paper presents informations and data on vegetation biodiversity and information about tourist activities in maintaining vegetation biodiversity. There are 57 endemic plant species in Sulawesi are still maintained and preserved. Most are in Gorontalo about 16 species, in North Sulawesi about 13 species, in Southeast Sulawesi 10 species, in Central Sulawesi 9 species and in South Sulawesi, 9 species. Activities carried tourists in maintaining diversity of species include: planting trees, learning and research the endemic species of plants and animals, and collect solid wastes in the tourism areas. These activities suggest a positive impact on the sustainability of forest ecosystems and economic benefits for the local communities. Keyword :Tourist activities,  biodiversity, endemic species.

  7. The influence of iron supplementation in pregnant women to the occurrence of low birth weight (LBW babies in Palu, Central Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Restu Djaswadi Dasuki R. Detty Siti Nurdiati Z

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Low birth weight (LBW babies remains a major problem world wide as it causes a high rate ofneonatal morbidity and mortality. One effort to reduce the prevalence of LBW babies is byproviding iron supplementation to the pregnant women. The aim of this study was to examinethe relationship between iron supplementation program and prevalence of LBW babies in Palu,Central Sulawesi. This was an observational study with case control design. Subjects were allLBW babies from mothers that had accepted iron supplementation during pregnancy. Samplesize in this study was 87 for case and 87 for control. Bivariate analysis showed that ironsupplementation that not comply the program had a significant correlation with prevalence ofLBW babies (p=0.01. Other significant factors include abnormal hemoglobin level (p=0.01,body mass index (BMI (p=0.02, educational level (p=0.02, multiparity (p=0.03, andgestational age (prematurity (p=0.03. Multivariate analysis revealed that the strongest riskfactor for the occurrence of LBW babies was iron supplementation that not comply the program(OR= 3.82; 95% CI: 1.77- 8.22. Other risk factors were hemoglobin level (OR= 3.45; 95% CI:1.59-7.49, BMI (OR= 2.27; 95% CI: 1.05-4.91, gestational age (OR= 3.11; 95% CI: 1.45-6.67, multiparity (OR= 2.98, 95% CI: 1.36-6.51, and educational level (OR= 2.38, 95% CI:1.12-5.03. Based on the analysis, the strongest risk factors that affected the prevalence of LBWwas iron supplementation, abnormal hemoglobin level, gestational age, multiparity and educationlevel. In conclusion, iron supplementation during pregnancy that not comply with the programwas the strongest risk factor of LBW babies. The prevalence of LBW babies can be reduced bycontrolling of iron supplementation, hemoglobin level, BMI, gestational age, parity and education.

  8. DETEKSI P.VIVAX SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISM (SNP Y976F DARI SAMPEL MONITORING PENGOBATAN DIHIDROARTEMISININ-PIPERAKUIN DI KALIMANTAN DAN SULAWESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ervi Salwati

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This study was a part of the activity of monitoring Dihydroartemisinin-Piperaquine (DHP treatment in subjects infected with P.falciparum and P.vivax in Kalimantan and Sulawesi. SNP Y976F had been proved as the mutation in pvmdr1 gene which was related to P. vivax resistance chloroquine in Papua. Data of spreading pvmdr1 SNP Y976F outside Papua is needed for using Dihidroartemisinin-Piperakuin policy in the treatment of vivax malaria in Indonesia. Detection of SNP Y976F was done against 95 day0-samples of subjects confirmed infected with P.vivax or mixed infection of P.vivax and P.falciparum by PCR. The results showed that 88 (93% of a total 95 samples were positive detected 976F mutant which were distributed in all sentinel sites of West Kalimantan (2of 3, Central Kalimantan (6 of 8, North Sulawesi (63 of 65, and Central Sulawesi (17 of 19.  In conclusion,  pvmdr1 SNP Y976F has been spreaded in all sentinel sites. Key words: P.vivax, pvmdr1, Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Abstrak Penelitian ini merupakan bagian kegiatan dari monitoring pengobatan Dihidroartemisinin-Piperakuin (DHP pada subyek yang terinfeksi dengan P.vivax atau infeksi campuran P.falciparum dan P. vivax di Kalimantan dan Sulawesi. SNP Y976F merupakan mutasi pada gen pvmdr1 yang terbukti berhubungan dengan P. vivax resisten klorokuin di Papua. Dalam rangka kebijakan penggunaan Dihidroartemisinin-Piperakuin untuk pengobatan malaria vivaks di seluruh Indonesia, perlu data penyebaran parasit SNP Y976F pada gen pvmdr1 di luar Papua. Deteksi SNP Y976F dilakukan terhadap 95 sampel H0 subyek terinfeksi P. vivax atau infeksi campuran P.vivax dan P.falciparum yang telah dikonfirmasi dengan PCR. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa 88 dari 95 sampel (93%  terdeteksi positif galur mutan 976F yang tersebar di  Kalimantan Barat (2 dari 3, Kalimantan Tengah (6 dari 8, Sulawesi Utara (63 dari 65 dan Sulawesi Tengah (17 dari 19. Kesimpulannya bahwa P.vivax galur Y976F sudah tersebar di setiap

  9. PENGETAHUAN MASYARAKAT PEKUREHUA DI SEKITAR TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU, SULAWESI TENGAH TENTANG TUMBUHAN OBAT DAN PEMANFAATANNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Susiarti

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The Lore Lindu National Park is one of National Parks in Indonesia. This National Park belongs to Donggala and Poso district, Central Sulawesi Province, administratively total area is 229.000 Ha. The major ethnics who live in this Park are Kaili, Behoa and Pekurehua. In order to explore the medicinal plants used by them, the ethno botany study is carried out by direct interview to Pekurehua tribes in Wuasa, Poso district, Central Sulawesi, eastern part of Lore Lindu National Park. It has been known that about 104 species from 93 genera and 46 families are used as medicinal plants by Pekurehua tribes. Some of the medicinal plants have herb habits and those species can be used to cure approximately 46 types of illness. One of those species, Hiha (Alstonia scholar is is categorized as an endangered species and it is used by them as well. Pekurehua people is not only used the higher plants as medicines but also lower plant, such as lichen (Parmeliaceae.   Key words : Medicinal Plants, Ethno Botany, Pekurehua Tribes, Lore Lindu National Park.

  10. Assessment of shale-oil resources of the Central Sumatra Basin, Indonesia, 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, Christopher J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Klett, Timothy R.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Pitman, Janet K.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.

    2015-11-12

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated means of 459 million barrels of shale oil, 275 billion cubic feet of associated gas, and 23 million barrels of natural gas liquids in the Central Sumatra Basin, Indonesia.

  11. The use of progesterone RIA to increase efficiency and quality of artificial insemination services of beef cattle in South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technique of artificial insemination (AI) has been used in Indonesia for several years. The fertility rate resulting from this technique, however, is still lower than that for natural mating. Therefore, two studies were conducted to evaluate the factors that might cause lower efficiency of AI in beef cattle. The first was a survey to evaluate reproductive performance and factors that affect the inefficiency of AI. A total of 652 beef cows inseminated on one large and several small farms were used. Data for farm, cow, inseminator and each insemination were recorded. Serum samples were taken at the day of insemination (day 0), and days 10-12 and 20-22 after AI, and at time of manual pregnancy diagnosis. The second study was conducted to evaluate whether the induction of first postpartum oestrus in suckling cows could be done by hormonal treatments. Two groups of suckling Brahman cows were used, with and without treatment using Controlled Intra-vaginal Drug Release devices (CIDR). CIDR were inserted into the vagina, oestradiol benzoate (OB) was injected, the CIDR were removed after 12 days and two Als were performed at 24 and 72 hr later. The studies were conducted during dry and wet seasons. Mean overall conception rate (CR) for the large and small farms were 23 and 38%, respectively. Season of the year, housing system, type of heat, time of AI, and characteristics of AI technicians (level of education and non-AI work) affected the CR. Oestrus behaviour was detected in 95 and 100% of cows respectively for the first and the second period. However, the proportions of animals showing ovulatory oestrus during the first and second periods were 22 and 48% (P<0.01), and pregnancy rates were 12 and 24%, respectively. These findings show that reproductive rate of cows served by AI in this area is low and that factors related to the cow, farm management and AI technician affect this problem. CIDR treatment can induce oestrus behaviour in suckling cows, but only few of

  12. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    SUSI KRESNATITA; YULA MIRANDA; HASTIN E.N.C. CHOTIMAH

    2013-01-01

    Abstract. Chotimah HENC, Kresnatita S, Miranda Y. 2013. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 14: 106-111. People in Central Kalimantan consume vegetables that collected from the wild or traditionally cultivated. Documentation effort of them is very important because of the diversity of local vegetable are threatened with extinction due to the conversion of peat land and forest fires. This study aims to dete...

  13. SEDIMENT DEPOSITION IN A SOUTH SULAWESI SEAGRASS BED

    OpenAIRE

    Lanuru, Mahatma

    2008-01-01

    Deposition of suspended sediment was measured with sediment traps in shallow coastal water colonized by Thallasia dominated seagrass in Pannikiang Island, South Sulawesi (Indonesia). The primary objective of this study was to compare the amounts of sediment deposition inside seagrass beds and in adjacent unvegetated area. The traps were placed in a seagrass bed (station I, II, and III) and in an adjacent unvegetated area (Station IV) measuring the sediment flux on the seabed. The sediment f...

  14. Origin and intra-island diversification of Sulawesi endemic Adrianichthyidae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokodongan, Daniel F; Yamahira, Kazunori

    2015-12-01

    Although the family Adrianichthyidae is broadly distributed throughout East and Southeast Asia, 19 endemic species, over half of the family, are distributed in Sulawesi, which is an island in Wallacea. However, it remains unclear how this Adrianichthyidae biodiversity hotspot was shaped. In this study, we reconstructed molecular phylogenies for the Sulawesi adrianichthyids and estimated the divergence times of major lineages to infer the detailed history of their origin and subsequent intra-island diversification. The mitochondrial and nuclear phylogenies revealed that Sulawesi adrianichthyids are monophyletic, which indicates that they diverged from a single common ancestor. Species in the earliest branching lineages are currently distributed in the central and southeastern parts of the island, indicating that the common ancestor colonized Sula Spur, which is a large promontory that projects from the Australian continental margin, from Asia by oversea dispersal c.a. 20Mya. The first diversification event on Sulawesi, the split of the genus Adrianichthys, occurred c.a. 16Mya, and resulted in the nesting of Adrianichthys within Oryzias. Strong geographic structure was evident in the phylogeny; many species in the lineages branching off early are riverine and widely distributed in the southeastern and southwestern arms of Sulawesi, which suggests that oversea dispersal between tectonic subdivisions of this island during the late Miocene (7-5Mya) contributed to the distributions and diversification of the early branching lineages. In contrast, most species in the lineages branched off later are endemic to a single tectonic lake or lake system in the central Sulawesi, suggesting that habitat fragmentation due to the Pliocene collisions (c.a. 4Mya) among the tectonic subdivisions was the primary factor for diversification of the late branching, lacustrine lineages. Adrianichthys and some Oryzias in a certain late branching lineage are sympatric in Lake Poso, which

  15. Origin and intra-island diversification of Sulawesi endemic Adrianichthyidae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokodongan, Daniel F; Yamahira, Kazunori

    2015-12-01

    Although the family Adrianichthyidae is broadly distributed throughout East and Southeast Asia, 19 endemic species, over half of the family, are distributed in Sulawesi, which is an island in Wallacea. However, it remains unclear how this Adrianichthyidae biodiversity hotspot was shaped. In this study, we reconstructed molecular phylogenies for the Sulawesi adrianichthyids and estimated the divergence times of major lineages to infer the detailed history of their origin and subsequent intra-island diversification. The mitochondrial and nuclear phylogenies revealed that Sulawesi adrianichthyids are monophyletic, which indicates that they diverged from a single common ancestor. Species in the earliest branching lineages are currently distributed in the central and southeastern parts of the island, indicating that the common ancestor colonized Sula Spur, which is a large promontory that projects from the Australian continental margin, from Asia by oversea dispersal c.a. 20Mya. The first diversification event on Sulawesi, the split of the genus Adrianichthys, occurred c.a. 16Mya, and resulted in the nesting of Adrianichthys within Oryzias. Strong geographic structure was evident in the phylogeny; many species in the lineages branching off early are riverine and widely distributed in the southeastern and southwestern arms of Sulawesi, which suggests that oversea dispersal between tectonic subdivisions of this island during the late Miocene (7-5Mya) contributed to the distributions and diversification of the early branching lineages. In contrast, most species in the lineages branched off later are endemic to a single tectonic lake or lake system in the central Sulawesi, suggesting that habitat fragmentation due to the Pliocene collisions (c.a. 4Mya) among the tectonic subdivisions was the primary factor for diversification of the late branching, lacustrine lineages. Adrianichthys and some Oryzias in a certain late branching lineage are sympatric in Lake Poso, which

  16. TRANSFERRIN POLYMORPHISM IN FOUR LOCAL BREEDS OF GOAT IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    E. Kurnianto; Sutopo; E.T. Setiatin; D. Samsudewa; E. Purbowati; D.R. Dewanti; G.D. Brata

    2012-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine the gene frequency and individual heterozygosity of transferrin in four local breeds of goat in Central Java-Indonesia. The number of blood samples were taken from 96 heads of goat, in which each of breeds were 24 samples, those were Kejobong (Purbalingga regency), Ettawa Grade (Purworejo regency), Kacang (Grobogan regency) and Jawarandu (Pemalang regency). Polyacrilamide Gel Electrophoresis was performed to detect the bands of blood plasm protei...

  17. Nutrient dynamics in different sub-types of peat swamp forest in central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sulistiyanto, Yustinus

    2005-01-01

    Nutrient dynamics of two sub-types of peat swamp forest, mixed swamp forest and low pole forest, in the upper catchment of the Sebangau River in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia were studied. Three permanent study plots, 50 x 50 m, were established in each forest sub-type to facilitate collection of throughfall, stemflow, litterfall, decomposition, above ground and below ground biomass, peat and water samples. Graphical presentation, Wilm's method, and analysis of variance were carried out for b...

  18. STUDI KEBIJAKAN PENGENDALIAN SCHISTOSOMIASIS DI KABUPATEN POSO DAN KABUPATEN SIGI PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGAH TAHUN 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Erlan

    2014-05-01

    yang akan dikerjakan. Perlu dilakukan pertemuan koordinasi lintas sektor agarpengendalian schistosomiasis dapat terpadu, saling mendukung, bersinergi dan dapat menghasilkan tujuan yangdiharapkan yaitu eliminasi di bawah 1%. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah persepsi stakeholder mengenaipengendalian schistosomiasis cukup baik, mereka pada umumnya mengerti apa itu schistosomiasis, apa penyebabnyadan cara pengendaliannya. Kebijakan yang selama ini dilakukan oleh pemerintah daerah dalam pengendalianschistosomiasis sudah mendapat dukungan dari Gubernur Sulawesi Tengah. Opsi kebijakan yang mendukung TimTerpadu Pengendalian Schistosomiasis adalah perlunya dibuatkan Peraturan Daerah sebagai regulasi agarimplementasi di lapangan mendapat dukungan penuh dari semua SKPD yang terlibat dalam memberikan bantuannyabaik itu sumbangan pemikiran, sumber daya maupun dana. Masyarakat juga harus diberikan hukuman adat, berupadenda potong sapi dari tokoh adat jika tidak berperilaku hidup bersih dan sehat di wilayah endemis serta harusmendukung program pemerintah daerah dalam pengendalian schistosomiasis.Kata kunci: Opsi kebijakan, stakeholder, schistosomiasisAbstractSchistosomiasis is one of the most important parasitic diseases in public health. In Indonesia schistosomiasis caused byworms Schistosoma japonicum in Oncomelania hupensis snail intermediate host lindoensis. The disease is only found inStudi Kebijakan Pengendalian … (Ahmad Erlan, Muh. Junaidi, Ni Nyoman Veridiana, Puryadi, Octaviani43Central Sulawesi province in two districts of Poso district and Sigi. This control is performed during routine is still thetreatment, the survey focused snails, stool collection, and procurement tool kit. There was no study have ever beencarried out regarding the government policy to eradicate schistosomiasis. This study generally aims to provide policyoptions for local governments in the control of schistosomiasis. Specific objectives to be achieved are to assessstakeholder perceptions

  19. Herbarium Celebense (CEB and its role in supporting research on plant diversity of Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAMADHANIL

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Sulawesi is the largest island in Wallacea region and a biogeographically unique area. The island is very rich in endemic species, worldwide known only known from Sulawesi. Nevertheless, scientific knowledge of the plants of Sulawesi is still limited and there is a lack of botanical exploration and publications. In 2000, Tadulako University of Palu with support of the German Research Foundation (DFG, the Universities of Göttingen and Leiden and the Herbarium Bogoriense, has constructed a herbarium, the Herbarium Celebense. The herbarium has been registered in the International Index Herbariorum (New York with the abbreviation CEB. The Herbarium Celebense contains about 3000 plant specimens, especially from Central Sulawesi and mainly spermatophytes and pteridophytes. This article reviews the current knowedge of plant diversity of the Sulawesi and Wallacea bioregion as a basis for the conservation of its rich flora.

  20. Characteristics of seismic noise in Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yudistira, T.; Widiyantoro, S.

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the characteristics of recorded seismic noise in central Java by using empirical interstation Green's function (EGF). We have utilized the data from the MERAMEX project (May - October 2004) to determine the EGF within the study area. We have calculated 6893 cross correlations based Green's function of vertical-vertical components. In order to study both primary and secondary microseisms, we measured azimuthal dependence of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of Green's function at a period range from 3 to 25 s (or 0.04 - 0.33 Hz). In general, the cross-correlation functions (CCF) of positive and negative axes are not symmetric, which indicate that the dominant source locations are not evenly distributed. Based on period-azimuth maps of SNR the relatively higher SNRs are appeared in the period from 3 to 12 s (0.08 - 0.33 Hz), which can be related to the secondary microseisms. Our result also indicates that the most energetic seismic noise source came from or was generated in the northeastern part or northern part of the study region with range of azimuth form 290° to 360° and from 0° to 25°, which is related to the coupling of the northern coast of central Java and the ocean current of the Java sea.

  1. TOXOPLASMA AND VIRAL ANTIBODIES AMONG HIV PATIENTS AND INMATES IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Yulia; Haryati, Sri; Raharjo, Irvan; Prasetyo, Afiono Agung

    2015-11-01

    In Indonesia, Toxoplasma and its associations with blood-borne viruses have been poorly studied. In order to study the association between anti-Toxoplasma antibodies and blood-borne viral antibodies, blood samples from 497 participants (375 inmates from four prisons in Central Java, Indonesia and 122 HIV patients at a Voluntary Counseling and Testing Clinic in Surakarta, Indonesia) were tested for serological markers of Toxoplasma, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV) and human T-lymphotropic virus types I and II (HTLV-1/2). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM positivity rates were 41.6% and 3.6%, respectively. One point two percent of participants was positive for both anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies. Sixteen point five percent, 11.3%, 2.6% and 2.8% of participants were positive for anti- Toxoplasma IgG combined with anti-HCV antibodies, anti-Toxoplasma IgG combined with anti-HIV antibodies, anti-Toxoplasma IgM combined with anti-HIV antibodes and anti-Toxoplasma IgG combined with both anti-HIV and anti-HCV antibodies, respectively. Anti-Toxoplasma IgM seropositivity was associated with anti-HIV (aOR = 4.3; 95% CI: 1.112-16.204, p = 0.034). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies were associated with anti-HCV (aOR = 2.8; 95% CI: 1.749-4.538, p < 0.001) and history of injection drug use (aOR = 3.1; 95% CI: 1.905-5.093, p < 0.001). In conclusion, we recommend patients with HIV, HCV infection and injection drug users should be screened for Toxoplasma infection in Indonesia.

  2. TOXOPLASMA AND VIRAL ANTIBODIES AMONG HIV PATIENTS AND INMATES IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Yulia; Haryati, Sri; Raharjo, Irvan; Prasetyo, Afiono Agung

    2015-11-01

    In Indonesia, Toxoplasma and its associations with blood-borne viruses have been poorly studied. In order to study the association between anti-Toxoplasma antibodies and blood-borne viral antibodies, blood samples from 497 participants (375 inmates from four prisons in Central Java, Indonesia and 122 HIV patients at a Voluntary Counseling and Testing Clinic in Surakarta, Indonesia) were tested for serological markers of Toxoplasma, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV) and human T-lymphotropic virus types I and II (HTLV-1/2). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM positivity rates were 41.6% and 3.6%, respectively. One point two percent of participants was positive for both anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies. Sixteen point five percent, 11.3%, 2.6% and 2.8% of participants were positive for anti- Toxoplasma IgG combined with anti-HCV antibodies, anti-Toxoplasma IgG combined with anti-HIV antibodies, anti-Toxoplasma IgM combined with anti-HIV antibodes and anti-Toxoplasma IgG combined with both anti-HIV and anti-HCV antibodies, respectively. Anti-Toxoplasma IgM seropositivity was associated with anti-HIV (aOR = 4.3; 95% CI: 1.112-16.204, p = 0.034). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies were associated with anti-HCV (aOR = 2.8; 95% CI: 1.749-4.538, p HCV infection and injection drug users should be screened for Toxoplasma infection in Indonesia. PMID:26867355

  3. Population density and distribution of Javan gibbon (Hylobates moloch in Central Java, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARIF SETIAWAN

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Setiawan A, Nugroho TS, Wibisono Y, Ikawati V, Sugardjito J. 2012. Population density and distribution of Javan gibbon (Hylobates moloch in Central Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 13: 23-27. A survey of Javan gibbon (Hylobates moloch was conducted from July 2009 to November 2010 in the Dieng mountains and Mount Slamet, Central Java, Indonesia. The purpose of the survey was to assess current population status and its distribution, including factors threatening the species. Line transect method was used to estimate gibbon densities. We detected a total of 144 individuals in 56 groups on a 212.7 km length trail. Average group size was calculated as 2.57 (ranging between 2 and 7 individuals. We compared the population density between Mount Slamet and Dieng mountains. It was found that the density in Mount Slamet was lower than in the Dieng montans with 1.7 ind./km2 compare to 2.5-7.57 ind/km2 respectively. In total, there were about 1,034 individuals of gibbon in Central Java which was divided in two sub populations. The one in Mount Slamet was about 175 individuals whereas in the range of Dieng mountains was 881 individuals. Establishing a protected area and enhancing conservation awareness were critically important for survival of this endangered ape. Conservation awareness should consider human needs of local people surrounding the forest habitat.

  4. Amphimedon denhartogi spec. nov. (Porifera: Haplosclerida) from deep reef habitats in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voogd, de N.J.

    2003-01-01

    A new sponge species Amphimedon denhartogi spec. nov., belonging to the family Niphatidae of the order Haplosclerida, is described from 3 localities in Indonesia: Tulamben (NE Bali), Siladen Island (NE Sulawesi) and Kambing Island (SW Sulawesi). Amphimedon denhartogi spec. nov. is characterised by i

  5. Resurrection of Pseudorabdion torquatum (A.M.C. Duméril, Bibron & A.H.A. Duméril, 1854), a former synonym of P. longiceps (Cantor, 1847) (Colubridae: Calamariinae) from Sulawesi, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Gernot; Amarasinghe, A A Thasun; Ineich, Ivan

    2016-01-01

    The colubrid snake species Pseudorabdion torquatum is resurrected from the synonymy of P. longiceps. Out of the three syntypes, only two were located and examined at Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, France (MNHN-RA). Pseudorabdion torquatum differs from P. longiceps in having a larger SVL (227.0 mm vs. 132.0-193.0 mm in males); higher number of ventral in males, 141 (vs. 127-139); lower number of ventrals in females, 137 (vs. 139-145); lower number of subcaudals in both sexes, 12-17 (vs. 17-30); and six supralabials (vs. five). Pseudorabdion torquatum is thus regarded as a valid and endemic species to Sulawesi. The species is here redescribed and a lectotype is designated. Furthermore we provide an English translation of the original description of Rabdion torquatum which was originally written in French. Thus, besides unconfirmed records of P. longiceps from Sulawesi, there is a single known congener from that island, P. sarasinorum. PMID:27395228

  6. Analysis of Causality Relationship of Components of Socio-ecological and Socio-economical System for Management of the Outermost Small Islands: A Case of Lingayan Island, Central Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Saleh Lubis

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia has more than 17,506 islands and 92 islands of them are outermost small islands.  Lingayan is one of them located in Northwest of Sulawesi Island and it has geostrategic role to determine the sea boundaries of Indonesian State (NKRI including the territorial seas, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf.  Recently, the coastal ecosystems of Lingayan has degraded and the island’s economy is weak so they cannot support the life’s survival of inhabiting people. This condition could weaken the geostrategic role in accordance with article 121 Chapter VIII of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS. Based on the above reasons, the study aim to examine and assess the causal relation of components in the socio-ecological and socio-economical systems as a basis for management of the Lingayan Island with target on conservation of coastal ecosystems and growth of inhabitant’ business economic.  Causalities relations within components were built using Statistic Equation Model (SEM with AMOS method and 40 constructed indicators as well as determinate the suitability program using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP.  The research showed that there is relationship between the components of socio-ecological systems as indicated by the fit model of causal relation path diagram that provides chi square value = 236.994, RMSEA = 0.083, GFI = 0.884.  Furthermore, there is relationship between the components of socio-economical that provides chi square value = 192.824, RMSEA = 0.081, GFI = 0.900. The most appropriate programs are seaweed cultivation (34.0% and restoration (23.4%.

  7. Species composition of understory vegetation in coal mined land in Central Bengkulu, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WIRYONO

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Wiryono, Siahaan AB. 2013. Species composition of understory vegetation in coal mined land in Central Bengkulu, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 14: 31-36. Coal stripmining in forest area has destroyed forest ecosystem and created barren land. Reclamation of mined land is done by revegetating the land. In addition to planted species, pioneer species usually grow naturally in mined land. The objectives of this study were to know the species composition of understory vegetation growing naturally in coal mined land planted with Gmelina arborea in Central Bengkulu, Indonesia, and to compare that composition with that of unreclaimed coal mined land and of natural forests. Data were collected by sampling understory vegetation in study site. Each plant was identified, harvested and oven-dried to find the biomass. Results showed that the reclaimed mined land had 16 understory species from 6 families, and the abandoned mined land had 10 species from 3 families, lower than that of natural forests, which were 92 and 112. The three most important species were Scleria sumatrensis Retz, Eragrostis chariis (Schult. Hitchc and Paspalum conjugatum Berg. The species composition of understory vegetation in reclaimed mined land had high similarity with that of abandoned mined land but was totally different from that of natural forests.

  8. KONTRIBUSI HEWAN MAMALIA SAPI, KERBAU, KUDA, BABI DAN ANJING DALAM PENULARAN SCHISTOSOMIASIS DI KECAMATAN LINDU KABUPATEN SIGI PROPINSI SULAWESI TENGAH TAHUN 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunawan Gunawan

    2015-01-01

    . hoffmani, R. chysomomusrallus, R. marmosurus, R. norvegicus, R. palallae. In Indonesia schistosomiasis is caused by Schistosoma japonicum and is only found in three endemic areas in the highlands of Central Sulawesi i.e Lindu valley, Napu and Bada, in the province of Central Sulawesi. The intermediate host is a amphibious snail, Ocomelania hupensis lindoensis. This study was aimed to determine the contribution of mammals in the transmission of schistosomiasis in Lindu Valley endemic areas, District Sigi. Method of this study was descriptive observational and cross sectional. Primary data were collected by observing the risk, retrieval and examination of stool samples of mammals. A total of 219 stool samples of cows, buffaloes, dogs, pigs and horses were examined using formalin - ether centrifugation method.Stool examination were conducted in the Parasitology Laboratory, Vector Borne Diseases Research Unit, NIHRD, Donggala. The results shown that a total of 54 stool samples of mammals (cows, buffaloes, dogs, pigs and horses, all were positive with S.japonicum eggs.Keyword : Schistosomiasis, mammals, Schistosoma japonicum

  9. Cyclopoid and calanoid copepod biodiversity in Indonesia

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    Victor R. Alekseev

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Recent limnological investigations conducted on the large lakes of Indonesia provide valuable physical and ecological data for future environmental and developmental programmes, yet few studies have focused on zooplankton taxonomy. Here we describe Eucyclops troposperatus Alekseev et Yusoff n. sp. from a pond in Sumatra, and Mesocyclops jakartensis Alekseev n. sp. from a city pond in Jakarta, Java. In the pelagic zone of the lakes of Sulawesi we found only few copepod species. For the endemic cyclopoid Tropocyclops matanoensis Defaye, 2007, we propose a new subgenus, Defayeicyclops n. subg., and provide more data on the morphology as well as scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning images of Tropocyclops (Defayeicyclops matanoensis. Two other cyclopoid species were possibly introduced to Sulawesi: Mesocyclops aequatorialis similis Van de Velde, 1984 from Africa and Thermocyclops crassus (Fischer, 1853 from Eurasia. A new subspecies, Phyllodiaptomus praedictus sulawesensis Alekseev et Vaillant n. ssp. (Calanoida, Diaptomidae, is described from the plankton of lake Tondano, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. The new subspecies resembles P. blanci (de Guerne et Richard, 1896 and P. wellekensae Dumont et Reddy, 1992. Phyllodiaptomus praedictus sulawesensis appears to be endemic to Sulawesi island. The form matanensis formerly treated as a subspecies of Eodiaptomus wolterecki Brehm, 1933 is here elevated to species rank, E. matanensis Brehm, 1933. A preliminary list of the copepod species found in Sulawesi and other large islands of Indonesia now includes more than 60 species. An updated key to the Southeast Asian species of the genus Eucyclops is provided.

  10. Factors influencing non-adherence to tuberculosis treatment in Jepara, central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rondags, Angelique; Himawan, Ari Budi; Metsemakers, Job Fm; Kristina, Tri Nur

    2014-07-01

    One of the most serious problems for tuberculosis (TB) control is non-adherence to TB treatment. We studied the factors influencing non-adherence to TB treatment in Indonesia to inform TB treatment adherence strategies. We con- ducted semi-structured interviews with non-adherent patients and key informants in Jepara, Central Java, Indonesia. Three major themes were found in reasons for non-adherence to TB treatment: 1) knowledge about TB, 2) knowledge about TB treatment and 3) choosing and changing a health care treatment facility. Respondents had an inadequate knowledge about TB and its treatment. Feeling healthy and having financial problems were the most common reasons for TB treatment non-adherence. Respondents sought treatment from many different health care providers, and often changed the treatment facility location. TB treatment adherence might improve by providing better education about the disease and its treatment to those undergoing treatment. Providing information about where to receive treatment and that treatment is free could also improve compliance.

  11. Capability Approach for well-being Evaluation in Regional Development Planning : Case Study in Magelang Regency. Central java, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pramono, Retno Widodo Dwi

    2016-01-01

    The thesis uses Amartya Sen’s Capability Approach (1993, 2000) to devise a set of criteria to evaluate the well-being and quality of life of economic groups in a case study of Magelang, a small rural area in Central Java, Indonesia. In applying this method, the researcher examines how the spatial ch

  12. TRANSFERRIN POLYMORPHISM IN FOUR LOCAL BREEDS OF GOAT IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Kurnianto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to determine the gene frequency and individual heterozygosity of transferrin in four local breeds of goat in Central Java-Indonesia. The number of blood samples were taken from 96 heads of goat, in which each of breeds were 24 samples, those were Kejobong (Purbalingga regency, Ettawa Grade (Purworejo regency, Kacang (Grobogan regency and Jawarandu (Pemalang regency. Polyacrilamide Gel Electrophoresis was performed to detect the bands of blood plasm protein. Gen frequency was calculated using general formula of population genetics. Estimated heterozygosity and individual heterosizygosity were calculated to analysis the equilibrium condition of transferrin. Result showed there was two allele of transferrin, namely TfA and TfB. Gene frequency of TfA was higher than that of TfB. Transferrin gene and genotypes were in disequilibrium of Hardy-Weinberg Law.

  13. Enhancing voluntary participation in community collaborative forest management: a case of Central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lestari, Sri; Kotani, Koji; Kakinaka, Makoto

    2015-03-01

    This paper examines voluntary participation in community forest management, and characterizes how more participation may be induced. We implemented a survey of 571 respondents and conducted a case study in Central Java, Indonesia. The study's novelty lies in categorizing the degrees of participation into three levels and in identifying how socio-economic factors affect people's participation at each level. The analysis finds that voluntary participation responds to key determinants, such as education and income, in a different direction, depending on each of the three levels. However, the publicly organized programs, such as information provision of benefit sharing, are effective, irrespective of the levels of participation. Overall, the results suggest a possibility of further success and corrective measures to enhance the participation in community forest management.

  14. Thermal Performance of Traditional House in the Upland Central Celebes of Indonesia

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    Sri Nastiti N.E Nastiti N.E

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available House presents special problems for design in relation to climate as it accommodates variety of uses over 24-hour period. It is widely known in the tropical countries that traditional houses are more sensitive to the prevailing climate and able to provide comfortable internal environment for the occupants. Tambi as one of traditional houses in upland Central Celebes Indonesia is believed to be thermally comfortable, yet there still no empirical evidence to approve it. Present study conducted empirical studies on typical traditional Tambi houses to evaluate their thermal performance. External and internal climatic conditions were measured in each house and were analysed. Results of the study showed that typical traditional Tambi house are not able to maintain the internal temperature within the comfort range for a preiod of 24- hours. Thermal quality of the house, however, were improving as indicated by internal temperatures which were more satisfactory than the external temperatures.

  15. Exploration of High elevation liana colonies on Mt. Slamet, Central Java, Indonesia

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    WS Hoover

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available One hundred forty–five individual lianas were distributed on 2 East facing ridges on the second highest mountain on Java, Mt. Slamet (3418 m., Central Java, Indonesia. Twenty one colonies were observed on small flat areas on ridges. The liana species observed include: Embelia pergamacea, Toddalia asiatica, Elaeagnus latifolia, Schefflera lucida, Vaccinium laurifolium and Lonicera javanica. Diameter of each liana was measured and liana density/flat area calculated. Floristic collecting was under- taken within the elevational gradient of liana distribution. Data suggest an ecotone transition from lower to upper mon- tane forest is observed between 2200 and 2300 m, though forest types are difficult to determine due to disturbance caused by fire at the upper elevations. Observing lianas at these unusuall high elevations with near pluvial rainfall, con- tradict established scientific theory concerning global distribution and abundance of lianas.  

  16. The influence of supplementary feeding by local food and 123 milk toward increasing the nutritional status of 12-24 months children with undernutrition status in southeast Sulawesi province, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Devi Savitri Effendy; Bambang Wirjatmadi; Merryana Adriani; Ramadhan Tosepu

    2015-01-01

    Background: Until now, the case of energy protein malnutrition in children is still high in Indonesia. Kendari city, one of the areas in Indonesia with high prevalent of this disease, has a significant increase which risen from 9.2% in 2006 to 15.1% in 2007. Methods: This was an experimental study that was under taken for 30 days. Sample of research was undernutrition children 12-24 months age that came from Puskesmas Puuwatu area and Perumnas in Kendari City that collected by simple rando...

  17. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

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    SUSI KRESNATITA

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Chotimah HENC, Kresnatita S, Miranda Y. 2013. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 14: 106-111. People in Central Kalimantan consume vegetables that collected from the wild or traditionally cultivated. Documentation effort of them is very important because of the diversity of local vegetable are threatened with extinction due to the conversion of peat land and forest fires. This study aims to determine the diversity of indigenous vegetables in Central Kalimantan, its use as a vegetable and nutrient content some vegetables. The method used was the exploration and interviews. Exploration carried out in three districts namely Palangkaraya, Pulang Pisau, and Seruyan. Sampling of plants was randomly and selectively. Data analysis was performed descriptively. The results showed that we recorded 42 plant species belonging to 30 families. There were many vegetables processing: stir-fry, clear soup, a light coconut milk soup, acidic soup, or just consumed as fresh vegetables. The result of nutritional value analyzed, Helminthostachys zeylanica (L. Hook had a potential to further develop whether as vegetables or medicinal plant. It had the highest protein, carbohydrate and mineral P, Fe, Na and K content among the vegetables analyzed.

  18. Emergence of Melioidosis in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tauran, Patricia M; Sennang, Nurhayana; Rusli, Benny; Wiersinga, W Joost; Dance, David; Arif, Mansyur; Limmathurotsakul, Direk

    2015-12-01

    Melioidosis is known to be highly endemic in parts of southeast Asia and northern Australia; however, cases are rarely reported in Indonesia. Here we report three cases of melioidosis in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia occurring between 2013 and 2014. Two patients died and the other was lost to follow-up. Burkholderia pseudomallei isolates from all three cases were identified by the VITEK2 Compact installed in the hospital in 2012. None of the three patients reported received antimicrobials recommended for melioidosis because of the delayed recognition of the organism. We reviewed the literature and found only seven reports of melioidosis in Indonesia. Five were reported before 1960. We suggest that melioidosis is endemic throughout Indonesia but currently under-recognized. Training on how to identify B. pseudomallei accurately and safely in all available microbiological facilities should be provided, and consideration should be given to making melioidosis a notifiable disease in Indonesia. PMID:26458777

  19. Emergence of Melioidosis in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tauran, Patricia M; Sennang, Nurhayana; Rusli, Benny; Wiersinga, W Joost; Dance, David; Arif, Mansyur; Limmathurotsakul, Direk

    2015-12-01

    Melioidosis is known to be highly endemic in parts of southeast Asia and northern Australia; however, cases are rarely reported in Indonesia. Here we report three cases of melioidosis in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia occurring between 2013 and 2014. Two patients died and the other was lost to follow-up. Burkholderia pseudomallei isolates from all three cases were identified by the VITEK2 Compact installed in the hospital in 2012. None of the three patients reported received antimicrobials recommended for melioidosis because of the delayed recognition of the organism. We reviewed the literature and found only seven reports of melioidosis in Indonesia. Five were reported before 1960. We suggest that melioidosis is endemic throughout Indonesia but currently under-recognized. Training on how to identify B. pseudomallei accurately and safely in all available microbiological facilities should be provided, and consideration should be given to making melioidosis a notifiable disease in Indonesia.

  20. MAKASSAR COPRA AS A TRIGGER OF STRUGGLING FOR POWER BETWEEN CENTRAL AND LOCAL GOVERMENT: A HISTORICAL STUDY OF REGIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY IN INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Asba, A. Rasyid

    2011-01-01

    central government of Jakarta. For example, there was a claim of South Moluccas Republic Movement and Permesta (Whole people struggling) for economic equity. The gain of copra trading which divided into 70% for local and 30% for central government became national political problem in maintaining the central and local government relationship. That???s why, the local conflict in Eastern Indonesia had been occuring until now and being a problem for developing a democratic modern Indonesia. N...

  1. Determinants of neonatal mortality in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agho Kingsley

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Neonatal mortality accounts for almost 40 per cent of under-five child mortality, globally. An understanding of the factors related to neonatal mortality is important to guide the development of focused and evidence-based health interventions to prevent neonatal deaths. This study aimed to identify the determinants of neonatal mortality in Indonesia, for a nationally representative sample of births from 1997 to 2002. Methods The data source for the analysis was the 2002–2003 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey from which survival information of 15,952 singleton live-born infants born between 1997 and 2002 was examined. Multilevel logistic regression using a hierarchical approach was performed to analyze the factors associated with neonatal deaths, using community, socio-economic status and proximate determinants. Results At the community level, the odds of neonatal death was significantly higher for infants from East Java (OR = 5.01, p = 0.00, and for North, Central and Southeast Sulawesi and Gorontalo combined (OR = 3.17, p = 0.03 compared to the lowest neonatal mortality regions of Bali, South Sulawesi and Jambi provinces. A progressive reduction in the odds was found as the percentage of deliveries assisted by trained delivery attendants in the cluster increased. The odds of neonatal death were higher for infants born to both mother and father who were employed (OR = 1.84, p = 0.00 and for infants born to father who were unemployed (OR = 2.99, p = 0.02. The odds were also higher for higher rank infants with a short birth interval (OR = 2.82, p = 0.00, male infants (OR = 1.49, p = 0.01, smaller than average-sized infants (OR = 2.80, p = 0.00, and infant's whose mother had a history of delivery complications (OR = 1.81, p = 0.00. Infants receiving any postnatal care were significantly protected from neonatal death (OR = 0.63, p = 0.03. Conclusion Public health interventions directed at reducing neonatal death should

  2. Study Water Availability of Malino River to Meet the Need of Water Requirement in District Ongka Malino, Central Sulawesi of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Sutapa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Global climate change is marked by changes in weather patterns and climate patterns result in increased or reduced rainfall in some areas. Decreased rainfall as input variables watershed due to irregularities global climate will affect the flow of the river, both annual river flow and seasonal dynamics. One of the basic human needs are affected by global warming is the water. The importance of adequate water supply for the community public hearings mandated by the declaration of the United Nations in 2000 which set the year 2015 as the horizon for achieving the Millennium Development Goal's (MDG’s. This is confirmed again at the Earth Summit in Johannesburg in September 2002 on the preparation of programs and strategies in 2015 for water supply and sanitation. In this study, the availability of water is analyzed by the FJ. Mock model and water needs were analyzed based on the guidelines for water needs. The analysis showed that there is excess water in January and May to August and the lack of water in the Month of February and the month of September to December. To overcome the shortage of water is necessary to change the cropping pattern and prioritize water for the needs of the population and livestock.

  3. Effects of land-use changes on evapotranspiration of tropical rain forest margin area in Central Sulawesi (Indonesia): Modelling study with a regional SVAT model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olchev, A.; Ibrom, Andreas; Priess, J.;

    2008-01-01

    of vegetation cover and soil structure that allows to describe the partitioning of energy and H2O-fluxes among different canopy layers and soil, and to quantify more precisely the total ecosystem fluxes. Selective integration of grid cell fluxes on space and time allows estimating the energy and water fluxes...... of evapotranspiration of a non-uniform land surface in local and regional scales in SVAT-Regio is based on equations of energy and water balances of individual plants, plant canopy and soil layers for each of many grid cells into which the entire study area is divided. The model uses a multi-layered representation...... meteorological stations. Ecophysiological parameters for different vegetation types were determined from own measurements as well as from results of previous scientific studies in the area. The present spatial distribution of the different land-use types was described from analysis of LANDSAT ETM+ observations...

  4. PENGGUNAAN TANAMAN SEBAGAI OBAT DI DAERAH SULAWESI SELATAN DAN KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Dzulkarnain

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available To know the use of traditional drugs in East Kalimantan and South Sulawesi which are still in use, a study was done in both areas in 1989. Using a questionnaire as basis an exploration is done by senior students in pharmacy and senior students of the medical school, with the supervision of the local health service and experts from the National Institute of Health Research and Development. The study was done in La Bempa and Batu Besi in South Sulawesi and Tenggarong in East Kalimantan. In the final report of the study no information is exposed on the drug components of traditional prescriptions. Prescriptions used in the ailments suffered in the last 2 weeks, were catagorized and analized. In East Kalimantan 58 prescriptions were recorded and 113 prescriptions in South Sulawesi. In East Kalimantan 86% of them consists of single components and 14% consists of more than one components. In South Sulawesi 65% of the prescriptions consists of single components and 35% of them consists of more than one.Sixty percents of the prescriptions in East Kalimantan are used orally and 31% locally. In South Sulawesi 24% of the prescriptions are used orally and 64% used locally. The genus of some plants in both areas are not common in general and needs identification. In East Kalimantan 65% of the plants and in South Sulawesi 56% of the plants used are registered in TOGA list (TOGA list = a list of plants officially recommended to be planted in the surrounding gardens of houses, to be used as dmgs.A registration and inventarisation of traditional drugs in other parts in Indonesia is necessary.

  5. Who Benefits from Ecosystem Services? A Case Study for Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suwarno, Aritta; Hein, Lars; Sumarga, Elham

    2016-02-01

    There is increasing experience with the valuation of ecosystem services. However, to date, less attention has been devoted to who is actually benefiting from ecosystem services. This nevertheless is a key issue, in particular, if ecosystem services analysis and valuation is used to support environmental management. This study assesses and analyzes how the monetary benefits of seven ecosystem services are generated in Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia, are distributed to different types of beneficiaries. We analyze the following ecosystem services: (1) timber production; (2) rattan collection; (3) jelutong resin collection; (4) rubber production (based on permanent agroforestry systems); (5) oil palm production on three management scales (company, plasma farmer, and independent smallholder); (6) paddy production; and (7) carbon sequestration. Our study shows that the benefits generated from these services differ markedly between the stakeholders, which we grouped into private, public, and household entities. The distribution of these benefits is strongly influenced by government policies and in particular benefit sharing mechanisms. Hence, land-use change and policies influencing land-use change can be expected to have different impacts on different stakeholders. Our study also shows that the benefits generated by oil palm conversion, a main driver for land-use change in the province, are almost exclusively accrued by companies and at this point in time are shared unequally with local stakeholders.

  6. New 1.5 million-year-old Homo erectus maxilla from Sangiran (Central Java, Indonesia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaim, Yahdi; Ciochon, Russell L; Polanski, Joshua M; Grine, Frederick E; Bettis, E Arthur; Rizal, Yan; Franciscus, Robert G; Larick, Roy R; Heizler, Matthew; Aswan; Eaves, K Lindsay; Marsh, Hannah E

    2011-10-01

    Sangiran (Solo Basin, Central Java, Indonesia) is the singular Homo erectus fossil locale for Early Pleistocene Southeast Asia. Sangiran is the source for more than 80 specimens in deposits with (40)Ar/(39)Ar ages of 1.51-0.9 Ma. In April 2001, we recovered a H. erectus left maxilla fragment (preserving P(3)- M(2)) from the Sangiran site of Bapang. The find spot lies at the base of the Bapang Formation type section in cemented gravelly sands traditionally called the Grenzbank Zone. Two meters above the find spot, pumice hornblende has produced an (40)Ar/(39)Ar age of 1.51 ± 0.08 Ma. With the addition of Bpg 2001.04, Sangiran now has five H. erectus maxillae. We compare the new maxilla with homologs representing Sangiran H. erectus, Zhoukoudian H. erectus, Western H. erectus (pooled African and Georgian specimens), and Homo habilis. Greatest contrast is with the Zhoukoudian maxillae, which appear to exhibit a derived pattern of premolar-molar relationships compared to Western and Sangiran H. erectus. The dental patterns suggest distinct demic origins for the earlier H. erectus populations represented at Sangiran and the later population represented at Zhoukoudian. These two east Asian populations, separated by 5000 km and nearly 800 k.yr., may have had separate origins from different African/west Eurasian populations.

  7. Who Benefits from Ecosystem Services? A Case Study for Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suwarno, Aritta; Hein, Lars; Sumarga, Elham

    2016-02-01

    There is increasing experience with the valuation of ecosystem services. However, to date, less attention has been devoted to who is actually benefiting from ecosystem services. This nevertheless is a key issue, in particular, if ecosystem services analysis and valuation is used to support environmental management. This study assesses and analyzes how the monetary benefits of seven ecosystem services are generated in Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia, are distributed to different types of beneficiaries. We analyze the following ecosystem services: (1) timber production; (2) rattan collection; (3) jelutong resin collection; (4) rubber production (based on permanent agroforestry systems); (5) oil palm production on three management scales (company, plasma farmer, and independent smallholder); (6) paddy production; and (7) carbon sequestration. Our study shows that the benefits generated from these services differ markedly between the stakeholders, which we grouped into private, public, and household entities. The distribution of these benefits is strongly influenced by government policies and in particular benefit sharing mechanisms. Hence, land-use change and policies influencing land-use change can be expected to have different impacts on different stakeholders. Our study also shows that the benefits generated by oil palm conversion, a main driver for land-use change in the province, are almost exclusively accrued by companies and at this point in time are shared unequally with local stakeholders.

  8. Deforestation projections for carbon-rich peat swamp forests of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Douglas O; Hardiono, Martin; Meijaard, Erik

    2011-09-01

    We evaluated three spatially explicit land use and cover change (LUCC) models to project deforestation from 2005-2020 in the carbon-rich peat swamp forests (PSF) of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Such models are increasingly used to evaluate the impact of deforestation on carbon fluxes between the biosphere and the atmosphere. We considered both business-as-usual (BAU) and a forest protection scenario to evaluate each model's accuracy, sensitivity, and total projected deforestation and landscape-level fragmentation patterns. The three models, Dinamica EGO (DE), GEOMOD and the Land Change Modeler (LCM), projected similar total deforestation amounts by 2020 with a mean of 1.01 million ha (Mha) and standard deviation of 0.17 Mha. The inclusion of a 0.54 Mha strict protected area in the LCM simulations reduced projected loss to 0.77 Mha over 15 years. Calibrated parameterizations of the models using nearly identical input drivers produced very different landscape properties, as measured by the number of forest patches, mean patch area, contagion, and Euclidean nearest neighbor determined using Fragstats software. The average BAU outputs of the models suggests that Central Kalimantan may lose slightly less than half (45.1%) of its 2005 PSF by 2020 if measures are not taken to reduce deforestation there. The relatively small reduction of 0.24 Mha in deforestation found in the 0.54 Mha protection scenario suggests that these models can identify potential leakage effects in which deforestation is forced to occur elsewhere in response to a policy intervention.

  9. Exploration and Inventory of Araceae Genera in Silui Mountain and Uluisimbone Forest, Kolaka Regency, South-East Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BRAMANTYO TRI ADI NUGROHO

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The island of Sulawesi has been highlighted as a globally important conservation area, across a range of evaluation criteria. Collection rates on the Sulawesi island are the lowest among in Indonesia area. Taxonomic study also has been limited, with most experts reporting large numbers of undescribed species. The research of Araceae diversity in Sulawesi is subject which in general has not been studied critically. The main purpose of this research is concerned to inventory the diversity of Araceae genera. The exploration was conducted in each location used exploring method. The Araceae genera in Silui mountain and Uluisimbone forest consist of 30 numbers, 24 species and 14 genera, including into 3 sub families (Aroideae, Monsteroideae and Photoideae. Mostly Araceae were found at humid location, the river flows. Schismatoglottis calyptrata Zoll.&Mor. and Aglaonema simplex Bl. are dominant species for terrestrial Araceae, where as Scindapsus spp. and Pothoidium spp. are dominant species for climbing Araceae.

  10. Gender Construction in Pesantren in Johor (Malaysia) and Central Java (Indonesia)

    OpenAIRE

    Tri Marhaeni P. Astuti

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates gender construction in Islamic boarding schools or 'pesantren' Semarang, Indonesia (Al-Islah and Al-Anshor) and Johor, Malaysia (Mahad and Marsah). It was found that despite their different countries and customs, the schools in Indonesia and Malaysia show some similarities, especially in terms of the teaching of Islamic jurisprudence and thei perceptions of the rights of men and women as explained in the Qur'an. However, they differ, especially in terms of the implem...

  11. Molecular and phenotypic data support the recognition of the Wakatobi Flowerpecker (Dicaeum kuehni from the unique and understudied Sulawesi region.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seán B A Kelly

    Full Text Available Accurate estimates of species richness are essential to macroecological and macroevolutionary research, as well as to the effective management and conservation of biodiversity. The resolution of taxonomic relationships is therefore of vital importance. While molecular methods have revolutionised taxonomy, contemporary species delimitation requires an integrative, multi-disciplinary approach. Despite boasting a remarkably high level of endemism, the avifauna of the Sulawesi region of Indonesia remains poorly studied. Previous studies of avian diversity in Sulawesi have focussed predominantly on phenotypic characteristics, thus potentially overlooking any genetically distinct lineages. Grey-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum celebicum populations from the Wakatobi archipelago were originally described as a separate species from those on nearby mainland Sulawesi. However, for reasons that remain unknown, the Wakatobi populations were reclassified as a subspecies of the mainland form. Combining estimates of genetic divergence with phylogenetic and morphological analyses, we reassessed the status of Wakatobi populations. Our results describe the Wakatobi populations as a separate species to those on mainland Sulawesi; reproductively isolated, genetically and morphologically distinct. We therefore recommend the reclassification of these populations to their original status of Dicaeum kuehni and propose the vernacular name 'Wakatobi Flowerpecker'. In consideration of our findings and the lack of integrative ornithological research within the Sulawesi region, we believe species richness and avian endemism within the region are underestimated.

  12. Molecular and phenotypic data support the recognition of the Wakatobi Flowerpecker (Dicaeum kuehni) from the unique and understudied Sulawesi region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Seán B A; Kelly, David J; Cooper, Natalie; Bahrun, Andi; Analuddin, Kangkuso; Marples, Nicola M

    2014-01-01

    Accurate estimates of species richness are essential to macroecological and macroevolutionary research, as well as to the effective management and conservation of biodiversity. The resolution of taxonomic relationships is therefore of vital importance. While molecular methods have revolutionised taxonomy, contemporary species delimitation requires an integrative, multi-disciplinary approach. Despite boasting a remarkably high level of endemism, the avifauna of the Sulawesi region of Indonesia remains poorly studied. Previous studies of avian diversity in Sulawesi have focussed predominantly on phenotypic characteristics, thus potentially overlooking any genetically distinct lineages. Grey-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum celebicum populations from the Wakatobi archipelago were originally described as a separate species from those on nearby mainland Sulawesi. However, for reasons that remain unknown, the Wakatobi populations were reclassified as a subspecies of the mainland form. Combining estimates of genetic divergence with phylogenetic and morphological analyses, we reassessed the status of Wakatobi populations. Our results describe the Wakatobi populations as a separate species to those on mainland Sulawesi; reproductively isolated, genetically and morphologically distinct. We therefore recommend the reclassification of these populations to their original status of Dicaeum kuehni and propose the vernacular name 'Wakatobi Flowerpecker'. In consideration of our findings and the lack of integrative ornithological research within the Sulawesi region, we believe species richness and avian endemism within the region are underestimated. PMID:24896822

  13. Tectonics earthquake distribution pattern analysis based focal mechanisms (Case study Sulawesi Island, 1993–2012)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Indonesia is the meeting zone between three world main plates: Eurasian Plate, Pacific Plate, and Indo – Australia Plate. Therefore, Indonesia has a high seismicity degree. Sulawesi is one of whose high seismicity level. The earthquake centre lies in fault zone so the earthquake data gives tectonic visualization in a certain place. This research purpose is to identify Sulawesi tectonic model by using earthquake data from 1993 to 2012. Data used in this research is the earthquake data which consist of: the origin time, the epicenter coordinate, the depth, the magnitude and the fault parameter (strike, dip and slip). The result of research shows that there are a lot of active structures as a reason of the earthquake in Sulawesi. The active structures are Walannae Fault, Lawanopo Fault, Matano Fault, Palu – Koro Fault, Batui Fault and Moluccas Sea Double Subduction. The focal mechanism also shows that Walannae Fault, Batui Fault and Moluccas Sea Double Subduction are kind of reverse fault. While Lawanopo Fault, Matano Fault and Palu – Koro Fault are kind of strike slip fault

  14. Tectonics earthquake distribution pattern analysis based focal mechanisms (Case study Sulawesi Island, 1993–2012)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ismullah M, Muh. Fawzy, E-mail: mallaniung@gmail.com [Master Program Geophysical Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering (FTTM), Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), Jl. Ganesha no. 10, Bandung, 40116, Jawa Barat (Indonesia); Lantu,; Aswad, Sabrianto; Massinai, Muh. Altin [Geophysics Program Study, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin University (UNHAS), Jl. PerintisKemerdekaan Km. 10, Makassar, 90245, Sulawesi Selatan (Indonesia)

    2015-04-24

    Indonesia is the meeting zone between three world main plates: Eurasian Plate, Pacific Plate, and Indo – Australia Plate. Therefore, Indonesia has a high seismicity degree. Sulawesi is one of whose high seismicity level. The earthquake centre lies in fault zone so the earthquake data gives tectonic visualization in a certain place. This research purpose is to identify Sulawesi tectonic model by using earthquake data from 1993 to 2012. Data used in this research is the earthquake data which consist of: the origin time, the epicenter coordinate, the depth, the magnitude and the fault parameter (strike, dip and slip). The result of research shows that there are a lot of active structures as a reason of the earthquake in Sulawesi. The active structures are Walannae Fault, Lawanopo Fault, Matano Fault, Palu – Koro Fault, Batui Fault and Moluccas Sea Double Subduction. The focal mechanism also shows that Walannae Fault, Batui Fault and Moluccas Sea Double Subduction are kind of reverse fault. While Lawanopo Fault, Matano Fault and Palu – Koro Fault are kind of strike slip fault.

  15. VECTORS OF MALARIA AND FILARIASIS IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoedojo Hoedojo

    2012-09-01

    is transmitted by Culex quinquefasciatus, whereas the rural type is transmitted mosdy by Anopheles spp., such as An.aconitus and An.punctulatus complex. The periodic species of Mansonia transmit the subperiodic noctural B.malayi. B.timori which is distributed in the Eastern part of Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara, is transmitted by An.barbirostris. Some filariasis vectors such as An.aconitus and the An.puctulatus complex may function both as filariasis vector and malaria vector as well.An.barbirostris with is confirmed as a vector of malaria in South Sulawesi, a vector of periodic nocturnal malayan filariasis in Central Sulawesi and as the only vector of timorian filariasis in Timor and Flores, has to be studied further as it has two types of behaviouristic appearance, namely : 1. Anbarbirostris in Java This mosquito is an anthropozophilic species, feeds indoors and outdoors, and rest outdoors. None is found to transmit mosquitoborne disease. 2. Anbarbirostris in Sulawesi and East Nusa Tenggara (outside Java. This mosquito is a zooanthropophilic form, endo and exophagic, and rests outdoors. It is confirmed as a vector of malaria, periodic noctural malayan filariasis and the only vector of timorian filariasis. 

  16. Gender Construction in Pesantren in Johor (Malaysia and Central Java (Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Marhaeni P. Astuti

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates gender construction in Islamic boarding schools or 'pesantren' Semarang, Indonesia (Al-Islah and Al-Anshor and Johor, Malaysia (Mahad and Marsah. It was found that despite their different countries and customs, the schools in Indonesia and Malaysia show some similarities, especially in terms of the teaching of Islamic jurisprudence and thei perceptions of the rights of men and women as explained in the Qur'an. However, they differ, especially in terms of the implementation of these in their daily lives. In Johor, Malaysia, men are responsible for activities outside of the households whereas women are in charge of the domestic chores. In Semarang, Indonesia, however, women, despite their household responsibilities, can also work outside. In addition, in terms of polygamy, most people in Johor support it as long as it does not break any religious laws.

  17. 1D and 2D Occam's Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data Applied in Volcano-Geothermal Area In Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariani, Elsi; Srigutomo, Wahyu

    2016-08-01

    One-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) magnetotelluric data inversion were conducted to reveal the subsurface resistivity structure beneath the eastern part of a volcano in Central Java, Indonesia. Fifteen magnetotelluric sounding data spanning two lines of investigation were inverted using Occam's inversion scheme. The result depict that there are extensively conductive layer (2-10 ohm meter) below the volcanic overburden. This conductive layer is interpreted as the clay cap resulted from thermal alteration. A higher resistivity layer (10-80 ohm meter) underlies the clay cap and is interpreted as the reservoir whose top boundaries vary between 1000 m above and 2000 m below sea level.

  18. Gamma-ray spectrometric dating of late Homo erectus skulls from Ngandong and Sambungmacan, Central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokoyama, Yuji; Falguères, Christophe; Sémah, François; Jacob, Teuku; Grün, Rainer

    2008-08-01

    Hominid fossils from Ngandong and Sambungmacan, Central Java, Indonesia, are considered to be the most anatomically derived and youngest representatives of Homo erectus. Nondestructive gamma-ray spectrometric dating of three of these Homo erectus skulls showed that all samples underwent uranium leaching. Nevertheless, we could establish minimum age estimates of around 40ka, with an upper age limit of around 60 to 70ka. This means that the Homo erectus of Java very likely survived the Toba eruption and may have been contemporaneous with the earliest Homo sapiens in Southeast Asia and Australasia.

  19. Capacity Building on Food-Crop Farming to Improve Food Production and Food Security in Central Java, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waridin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the capacity of food-crop production for improving regional food security in Central Java, Indonesia. It is also identify crops which have high and prospective economic-values. The results of the study might help in formulating a proposed model to improve food crops production in supporting food security. The case study was conducted in districts which play the important roles on agriculture (rice production in Central Java, Indonesia. These are Klaten and Magelang districts. Data were collected from farmers and officers from agriculture-related institutions. The results show that Central Java Province has the capacity on food crop (rice production for securing food availability, distribution, and accessibility for people in the region. It has a moderate on food security for the products, and surplus of production have distributed to other regions within the country. However, other food crops still facing shortage of supply since lack of productions. It requires a commitment from government and stakeholders for improving capacity building on agricultural development.

  20. The Integrated Soil Erosion Risk Management Model of Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setiawan, M. A.; Stoetter, J.; Sartohadi, J.; Christanto, N.

    2009-04-01

    Many types of soil erosion modeling have been developed worldwide; each of models has its own advantage and assumption based on the originated area. Ironically, in the tropical countries where the rainfall intensity is higher than other area, the soil erosion problem gain less attention. As in Indonesia, due the inadequate supporting data and method to dealing with, the soil erosion management appears to be least prior in the policy decision. Hence, there is increasing necessity towards the initiation and integration of risk management model in the soil erosion, to prevent further land degradation problem in Indonesia. The main research objective is to generate a model which can analyze the dynamic system of soil erosion problem. This model will comprehensively consider four main aspects within the dynamic system analysis, i.e.: soil erosion rate modeling, the tolerable soil erosion rate, total soil erosion cost, and soil erosion management measures. The generating model will involve some sub-software i.e. the PC Raster to maintain the soil erosion modeling, Powersim Constructor Ver. 2.5 as the tool to analyze the dynamic system and Python Ver. 2.6.1 to build the main Graphical User Interface model. The first step addressed in this research is figuring the most appropriate soil erosion model to be applied in Indonesia based on landscape, climate, and data availability condition. This appropriate model must have the simplicity aspect in input data but still deal with the process based analysis. By using the soil erosion model result, the total soil erosion cost will be calculated both on-site and off-site effect. The total soil erosion cost will be stated in Rupiah (Indonesian currency) and Dollar. That total result is then used as one of input parameters for the tolerable soil erosion rate. Subsequently, the tolerable soil erosion rate decides whether the soil erosion rate has exceeded the allowed value or not. If the soil erosion rate has bigger value than the

  1. Callyspongia (Euplacella) biru spec. nov. (Porifera: Demospongiae: Haplosclerida) from Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voogd, de N.J.

    2004-01-01

    A new sponge species Callyspongia (Euplacella) biru spec. nov. is described from various locations within Indonesia (NE Bali, SW & NE Sulawesi and NE Kalimantan). The species is assigned to the subgenus Euplacella of the genus Callyspongia because it has brushes of spicules on the nodes of its doubl

  2. Business and politics in provincial Indonesia: The batik and construction sector in Pekalongan, Central Java

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Savirani

    2015-01-01

    After the fall of Soeharto in 1998, and an increased connection to the global world, politics at the local level in Indonesia have changed significantly. This has contributed to a change in how business is conducted in provincial towns. This thesis explores the changing relationship between the stat

  3. Life cycle assessment of local and crossbred cattle production systems in Central Java, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tri Satya Mastuti Widi, Tri; Udo, H.M.J.; Oldenbroek, K.; Budisatria, I.G.S.; Viets, T.C.; Zijpp, van der A.J.

    2014-01-01

    Indonesia is a prominent example where crossbreeding with European breeds has been promoted to intensify beef production. It is implemented throughout the country regardless of the different agro-ecological conditions, of which the available feed resources are the main element. Crossbreeding at farm

  4. GAMBARAN PENULARAN FILARIASIS DI PROVINSI SULAWESI BARAT

    OpenAIRE

    Sitti Chadijah; Ni Nyoman Veridiana; Risti Risti; Jastal Jastal

    2014-01-01

    AbstractFilariasis is a zoonotic disease transmitted by mosquito that can cause disability. This study was aimed to identify filariasis transmission area in West Sulawesi. This cross sectional study was carried out from March to Novemer 2011. Sample was selected people in the endemic area (where chronic case was found) in Mamuju, North Mamuju, and Mamasa District, West Sulawesi. Data were collected through night blood survey (started at 8 pm) and entomology survey. Microfilariae was found in ...

  5. THE VEGETATION OF LAMBUSANGO FOREST, BUTON, INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    ANDREW POWLING; AURORA PHILLIPS; ROSIE PRITCHETT; Segar, Simon T; REBECCA WHEELER; ANI MARDIASTUTI

    2016-01-01

    POWLING, A., PHILLIPS, A., PRITCHETT, R., SEGAR, S. T., WHEELER, R. & MARDIASTUTI, A. 2015. Thevegetation of Lambusango Forest, Buton, Indonesia. Reinwardtia 14(2): 265 – 286. ― Lambusango Forest is a tropicalrainforest on the island of Buton, which lies close to south east Sulawesi. The forest covers an area of about 95.000 ha,with different parts of the forest having different levels of conservation protection. It lies on rocks of both calcareous(limestone) and non-calcareous (sandstone...

  6. Cyclopoid and calanoid copepod biodiversity in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Victor R. Alekseev; Douglas G. Haffner; James J. Vaillant; Fatimah M. Yusoff

    2013-01-01

    Recent limnological investigations conducted on the large lakes of Indonesia provide valuable physical and ecological data for future environmental and developmental programmes, yet few studies have focused on zooplankton taxonomy. Here we describe Eucyclops troposperatus Alekseev et Yusoff n. sp. from a pond in Sumatra, and Mesocyclops jakartensis Alekseev n. sp. from a city pond in Jakarta, Java. In the pelagic zone of the lakes of Sulawesi we found only few copepod species. For the endemic...

  7. Keberadaan Orang Melayu di Sulawesi Selatan Pada Peringkat Awal

    OpenAIRE

    Hadrawi, Muhlis

    2008-01-01

    Keberadaan pelbagai kelompok orang Melayu di beberapa kepulauan Nusantara, tak terkecuali kehadiran orang Melayu di Sulawesi Selatan, dapat dijelaskan sebagai fenomena penghijraan. Manuskript attoriolong (kronik) Bugis mengungkapkan keberadaan orang Melayu di Sulawesi Selatan semenjak era pra-Islam sebagai gejala penghijraan disamping aktiviti perdagangan dan misi penyebaran agama Islam. Kajian ini mengungkapkan keberadaan orang Melayu di Sulawesi Selatan pada peringkat awal pada akhir abad ...

  8. Vector Autoregression (Var Model for Rainfall Forecast and Isohyet Mapping in Semarang – Central Java – Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adi Nugroho

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural and plantation activities in Indonesia, especially in Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia rely on water supply from the rainfall. The rainfall in the future is basically influenced by rainfall patterns, humidity and temperature in the past. In this case, Vector Autoregression (VAR multivariate model is applied to forecast the rainfall in the future, in which all along Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG generally uses ARIMA model (Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average to carry out the same thing. The study applied the data, comprising the data of rainfall, humidity and temperature taken on a monthly basis during 2001-2013 periods from 5 measurement stations. Plotting of rainfall forecast result with VAR method is portrayed in the form of isohyet contour map to see the correlation between rainfall and coordinates of the area of the rainfall. The forecast result shows that VAR method is quite accurate to use for rainfall forecast in the study area as well as better than ARIMA method to forecast the same thing as having smaller Mean Absolute Error (MAE and Mean Absolute Percentage Error(MAPE.

  9. NASOPHARYNGEAL CARRIAGE OF STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE IN HEALTHY CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS OLD IN CENTRAL LOMBOK REGENCY, INDONESIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadinegoro, Sri Rezeki; Prayitno, Ari; Khoeri, Miftahuddin Majid; Djelantik, I Gusti Gede; Dewi, Nurhandini Eka; Indriyani, Sang Ayu Kompiang; Muttaqin, Zainul; Mudaliana, Siti; Safari, Dodi

    2016-05-01

    Colonization with Streptococcus pneumoniae is mostly symptomless, but can progress to respiratory or even systemic disease. We investigated nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in healthy children under five years of age in Central Lombok Regency, Indonesia. This cross sectional study was carried out in 2012 among 1,200 healthy children aged 2 to 60 months. A multiplex sequential PCR was employed to determine serotype of cultured S. pneumoniae and a disk diffusion method to assess susceptibility to antimicrobial drugs. S. pneumoniae was cultured from 554 children and the most frequent serotypes found were 6A/B (22% of pneumococcal strains), 19F (11%), 23F (10%), 15B/C (8%), and 19A and 14 (4% each). The majority of strains were still susceptible to clindamycin (97%), erythromycin (87%), chloramphenicol (81%), and penicillin (72%), with only 41% and 38% susceptible to tetracycline and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, respectively. Continuous surveillance of S. pneumoniae carriage is important for future pneumococcal vaccination programs in Indonesia.

  10. NASOPHARYNGEAL CARRIAGE OF STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE IN HEALTHY CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS OLD IN CENTRAL LOMBOK REGENCY, INDONESIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadinegoro, Sri Rezeki; Prayitno, Ari; Khoeri, Miftahuddin Majid; Djelantik, I Gusti Gede; Dewi, Nurhandini Eka; Indriyani, Sang Ayu Kompiang; Muttaqin, Zainul; Mudaliana, Siti; Safari, Dodi

    2016-05-01

    Colonization with Streptococcus pneumoniae is mostly symptomless, but can progress to respiratory or even systemic disease. We investigated nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in healthy children under five years of age in Central Lombok Regency, Indonesia. This cross sectional study was carried out in 2012 among 1,200 healthy children aged 2 to 60 months. A multiplex sequential PCR was employed to determine serotype of cultured S. pneumoniae and a disk diffusion method to assess susceptibility to antimicrobial drugs. S. pneumoniae was cultured from 554 children and the most frequent serotypes found were 6A/B (22% of pneumococcal strains), 19F (11%), 23F (10%), 15B/C (8%), and 19A and 14 (4% each). The majority of strains were still susceptible to clindamycin (97%), erythromycin (87%), chloramphenicol (81%), and penicillin (72%), with only 41% and 38% susceptible to tetracycline and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, respectively. Continuous surveillance of S. pneumoniae carriage is important for future pneumococcal vaccination programs in Indonesia. PMID:27405132

  11. Real time earthquake information and tsunami estimation system for Indonesia, Philippines and Central-South American regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pulido Hernandez, N. E.; Inazu, D.; Saito, T.; Senda, J.; Fukuyama, E.; Kumagai, H.

    2015-12-01

    Southeast Asia as well as Central-South American regions are within the most active seismic regions in the world. To contribute to the understanding of source process of earthquakes the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention NIED maintains the international seismic Network (ISN) since 2007. Continuous seismic waveforms from 294 broadband seismic stations in Indonesia, Philippines, and Central-South America regions are received in real time at NIED, and used for automatic location of seismic events. Using these data we perform automatic and manual estimation of moment tensor of seismic events (Mw>4.5) by using the SWIFT program developed at NIED. We simulate the propagation of local tsunamis in these regions using a tsunami simulation code and visualization system developed at NIED, combined with CMT parameters estimated by SWIFT. The goals of the system are to provide a rapid and reliable earthquake and tsunami information in particular for large seismic, and produce an appropriate database of earthquake source parameters and tsunami simulations for research. The system uses the hypocenter location and magnitude of earthquakes automatically determined at NIED by the SeisComP3 system (GFZ) from the continuous seismic waveforms in the region, to perform the automated calculation of moment tensors by SWIFT, and then carry out the automatic simulation and visualization of tsunami. The system generates maps of maximum tsunami heights within the target regions and along the coasts and display them with the fault model parameters used for tsunami simulations. Tsunami calculations are performed for all events with available automatic SWIFT/CMT solutions. Tsunami calculations are re-computed using SWIFT manual solutions for events with Mw>5.5 and centroid depths shallower than 100 km. Revised maximum tsunami heights as well as animation of tsunami propagation are also calculated and displayed for the two double couple solutions by SWIFT

  12. Effect of an Educational Intervention Related to Health and Nutrition on Pregnant Women in the Villages of Central Java Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijaya-Erhardt, Maria; Muslimatun, Siti; Erhardt, Juergen G.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To assess the effects of a health and nutrition educational intervention on maternal knowledge, attitudes and practices. Design: Pre- and post-test design using structured interviews of pregnant women. Setting: Thirty-nine villages in Central Java Province, Indonesia. Method: Pregnant women (N = 252) at 12-20 weeks of gestation were…

  13. Analisis Efisiensi Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Azmal, Muhammad

    2011-01-01

    For Bank Indonesia to supervise and regulate banking and Islamic banking including central banks to provide instruments that meet Islamic principles. Then, the potential of Indonesia's Muslim population reaches ± 85% of the 220 million population of Indonesia (2006), provides an opportunity for the rapidly growing Islamic banking sector in Indonesia, by providing alternative financial instruments and banking to customers Muslim Indonesia. In order to capture the occasion, Bank Indonesia as th...

  14. MODIS data used to study 2002 fires in Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Douglas O.

    Smoke and haze blanketed western Indonesia during August and September 2002, signaling the arrival of another El Niño event in Southeast Asia. Although not as severe as the 1997-1998 El Niño event, the 2002 El Niño produced drought conditions in western Indonesia that favored extensive biomass burning in lowland areas of Borneo, Sumatra, and Sulawesi, three of the largest islands that form part of the vast Indonesian archipelago. Data derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on board the NASA Terra satellite showed that most of the burning during 2002 occurred in central and western Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo), where forests are being cleared to make way for industrial oil palm and pulp plantations.Comparison of fire data from several different satellite sensors also reveals that fires detected in Kalimantan during 1997 appeared more numerous (Figure 1) and burned over a longer period (Figure 2) than fires that burned in late 2002 (see discussion below). This result is consistent with recent El Niño observations that characterize the current event as moderate relative to the 1997-1998 event (see http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ products/analysis_monitoring/enso_advisory/).

  15. Pendugaan Produksi Karkas Dan Daging Kelelawar Pemakan Buah (Pteropus alecto ) Asal Sulawesi (ESTIMATION OF CARCASS AND MEAT PRODUCTION OF CELEBES NATIVE FRUIT BATS (Pteropus alecto))

    OpenAIRE

    Tiltje Andretha Ransaleleh; Rarah Ratih Adjie Maheswari; Purwantiningsih Sugita; Wasmen Manalu

    2014-01-01

    The study was conducted in North Sulawesi, Gorontalo, and Central Sulawesi during March untilOctober 2011. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of fruit bats  (P. alecto) as sourceof meat. Observed variables were body weight, carcass weight, noncarcass weight, the bone weight, meatweight, fat weight, and skin weight, respectively. To estimate the growth rate of the bats, analysis of therelationship between body weight and carcass components was done, while estimation of  g...

  16. The present and the Archaic River Valley morphology and groundwater condition in the Plaosan Temple complex Central Java-Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Haryono

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The Plaosan Temple which was built during the eighth and tenth century AD is one of four temple complexes in the Prambanan area, Central Java-Indonesia. On going excavation in the temple complex discloses the occurrence of canals along the outer fences. The canals are eight meters wide and four meters deep. This article aims at reconstructing archaic river course and groundwater condition due to the construction of the canals. Aerial photo interpretation, excavation, ground water level measurement and valley morphology measurement reveal an anomaly of the nearest river in the temple complex. The river had seemingly been bypassed south-eastward to its tributary just before entering Plaosan Temple complex. Groundwater level dropped and its flow direction changed from nearly southward to south-eastward direction. These phenomena indicate that the canals were groundwater-discharged canals.

  17. Indonesia-DLN Is A Digital Library Network In Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within this paper, philosophy of the knowledge sharing, vision of the network, and how it can give benefits to Indonesia are described. The status of the network is described that show the successfulness of the architecture in tying together partner's knowledge from all big islands of Indonesia (Sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya) whether they have dedicated internet connection or only a dial-up one. Currently 13 institutions have joined the network and 15+ in progress of developing their servers. Features of the software, Ganesha Digital Library (GDL version 3.1) are presented, that is now distributed as a Free-Software that is based on My SQL, PHP, and Apache

  18. Comparative morphological and morphometric description of the hominin calvaria from Bukuran (Sangiran, Central Java, Indonesia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimaud-Hervé, Dominique; Widianto, Harry; Détroit, Florent; Sémah, François

    2012-11-01

    We describe the hominin skull (called here "Bukuran") discovered in the lower Kabuh (or "Bapang") series near Sendangbusik, from the Bukuran area in the Sangiran dome. The fossil, heavily mineralized, consists of the parieto-occipital and the left temporal, and the frontal bones. When combined, those two cranial parts represent a rather complete and well-preserved calvaria. Its stratigraphic position was established after the discovery. A detailed description is presented of the morphological and metric features of the Bukuran calvaria, and comparisons are made with Asian Homo erectus from Indonesia and China. The estimated cranial capacity of Bukuran, the general shape of its cranial vault, its ectocranial structures, and its morphological and metrical characters are in the range of Asian Homo erectus, and show clear affinities with other Indonesian members of the species. We discuss the evolutionary status of the Bukuran calvaria and its implication for hominin history on Java.

  19. Forecasting Inflation in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Uma Ramakrishnan; Athanasios Vamvakidis

    2002-01-01

    A reliable inflation-forecasting model is central for a sound monetary policy framework. In this paper, we study the domestic and international transmission effects on inflation in Indonesia and analyze the possible leading indicators of inflation. We identify the exchange rate, foreign inflation, and monetary growth as the main variables with a significant predictive power for inflation in Indonesia.

  20. Investigations of selected pathogens among village pigs in Central Papua, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nugroho, Widi; Cargill, Colin Frank; Putra, I Made; Kirkwood, Roy Neville; Trott, Darren John; Salasia, Siti Isrina Oktavia; Slipranata, Mitra; Reichel, Michael Philipp

    2016-01-01

    Village pig husbandry is an important part of livestock production in Papua Province, Eastern Indonesia. However, high level of disease and mortality constrains production. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the selected pathogens in village pigs in the Jayawijaya Region of Papua Province, Indonesia. Two studies were conducted: Study 1 determined the prevalence of selected pathogens in dead or moribund pigs sent to the main local market for sale. Study 2 recorded the prevalence of the selected pathogens, on pig farms in the Subdistrict of Wamena that had not recorded a case of pig mortality during the duration of Study 1. Blood samples of individuals from both groups were tested for CSF antigen and antibody, as well as antibody against PCV2. Organs with evident pathological changes from Study 1 and tonsilar swabs from Study 2 were subjected to bacteriological culture and identification of Streptococcus suis and Streptococcus zooepidemicus. Faecal samples from both studies were examined for eggs of strongyle parasites, Trichuris suis, Ascaris suum, Strongyloides ransomi and coccidia. The main infections in both studies were CSF, PCV2 and strongyle parasites, but prevalence was higher in Study 1 (P < 0.05). T. suis and S. zooepidemicus were prevalent in pigs in Study 1, but rare in healthy pigs (P < 0.05). Infections with coccidia, A. suum and S. ransomi were common but did not differ between groups (P < 0.05), with S. suis infections uncommon in both studies. This suggests that infections with CSF, PCV2, strongyle and T. suis are important pathogens in village pig farms in Jayawijaya. Local pig husbandry practices, such as confining pigs and heat-treating pig feeds, may be practical solutions to help minimize infection in village pigs in Jayawijaya. PMID:26381546

  1. Investigations of selected pathogens among village pigs in Central Papua, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nugroho, Widi; Cargill, Colin Frank; Putra, I Made; Kirkwood, Roy Neville; Trott, Darren John; Salasia, Siti Isrina Oktavia; Slipranata, Mitra; Reichel, Michael Philipp

    2016-01-01

    Village pig husbandry is an important part of livestock production in Papua Province, Eastern Indonesia. However, high level of disease and mortality constrains production. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the selected pathogens in village pigs in the Jayawijaya Region of Papua Province, Indonesia. Two studies were conducted: Study 1 determined the prevalence of selected pathogens in dead or moribund pigs sent to the main local market for sale. Study 2 recorded the prevalence of the selected pathogens, on pig farms in the Subdistrict of Wamena that had not recorded a case of pig mortality during the duration of Study 1. Blood samples of individuals from both groups were tested for CSF antigen and antibody, as well as antibody against PCV2. Organs with evident pathological changes from Study 1 and tonsilar swabs from Study 2 were subjected to bacteriological culture and identification of Streptococcus suis and Streptococcus zooepidemicus. Faecal samples from both studies were examined for eggs of strongyle parasites, Trichuris suis, Ascaris suum, Strongyloides ransomi and coccidia. The main infections in both studies were CSF, PCV2 and strongyle parasites, but prevalence was higher in Study 1 (P < 0.05). T. suis and S. zooepidemicus were prevalent in pigs in Study 1, but rare in healthy pigs (P < 0.05). Infections with coccidia, A. suum and S. ransomi were common but did not differ between groups (P < 0.05), with S. suis infections uncommon in both studies. This suggests that infections with CSF, PCV2, strongyle and T. suis are important pathogens in village pig farms in Jayawijaya. Local pig husbandry practices, such as confining pigs and heat-treating pig feeds, may be practical solutions to help minimize infection in village pigs in Jayawijaya.

  2. ADAKAH KAITAN ANTARA PENYAKIT KUSTA KERBAU (Lepra bubalorum DAN PENYAKIT KUSTA MANUSIA (Lepra humanum DI SULAWESI ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwan T. Budiarso

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Lepra bubalorum or leprosy in water buffaloes, is an exotic disease in buffaloes. It is a very interesting phenomenon in Veterinary Medicine because until to date it has been found only in Indonesia. Kok and Rusli (1926 has published their first report in 1926 describing the disease in Java. Since then the diagnosis of leprosy has been established by histological examinations in about 146 water buffaloes (Lobel, 1934. It has also been found in Holstein-Freisen cow (Ressang and Titus, I960, one case in Ongole breed and another in an unidentified cow breed. For leprosy infection in bovine, Kraneveld and Roza (1954 proposed to use the name Lepra bovina Lobel (1934 was the first scientist who brought the attention of this unusual disease to the international scientific world. His extensive works gave vs a clear description of the clinical signs and symptoms, histopathological changes and the microbiological arrangement of the acid fast baccili of the infectious agent in the affected tissues. The changes found in the cutaneous tissue of these animals resembled to those found in the skin of lepromatous lessions in humans. The rod-shape bacteria which is acid fast, are always present in the nodules of the diseases animals. In central Sulawesi (Celebes, leprosy in humans was found as the second most prevalant chronic diseases after pulmonary tuberculosis. It is interesting to know that apparently human leprosy was also found in great numbers in the same area where leprosy in water buffaloes was found frequently. This phenomenon is an interesting subject for investigation to see whether the genus of the bacteria found in humans and that in water buffaloes have the anthropozoonotic properties. *    Makalah ini disajikan pada Simposium "Kemajuan Dalam Penyakit Tropis dan Parasit" di Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta, 12 Desember 1992 **   Bagian Patologi Anatomi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta, Indonesia. Up

  3. The Sulu-Sulawesi Sea: environmental and socioeconomic status, future prognosis and ameliorative policy options.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeVantier, Lyndon; Alcala, Angel; Wilkinson, Clive

    2004-02-01

    The Sulu-Sulawesi Sea, with neighboring Indonesian Seas and South China Sea, lies at the center of the world's tropical marine biodiversity. Encircled by 3 populous, developing nations, the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia, the Sea and its adjacent coastal and terrestrial ecosystems, supports ca. 33 million people, most with subsistence livelihoods heavily reliant on its renewable natural resources. These resources are being impacted severely by rapid population growth (> 2% yr-1, with expected doubling by 2035) and widespread poverty, coupled with increasing international market demand and rapid technological changes, compounded by inefficiencies in governance and a lack of awareness and/or acceptance of some laws among local populations, particularly in parts of the Philippines and Indonesia. These key root causes all contribute to illegal practices and corruption, and are resulting in severe resource depletion and degradation of water catchments, river, lacustrine, estuarine, coastal, and marine ecosystems. The Sulu-Sulawesi Sea forms a major geopolitical focus, with porous borders, transmigration, separatist movements, piracy, and illegal fishing all contributing to environmental degradation, human suffering and political instability, and inhibiting strong trilateral support for interventions. This review analyzes these multifarious environmental and socioeconomic impacts and their root causes, provides a future prognosis of status by 2020, and recommends policy options aimed at amelioration through sustainable management and development.

  4. The Sulu-Sulawesi Sea: environmental and socioeconomic status, future prognosis and ameliorative policy options.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeVantier, Lyndon; Alcala, Angel; Wilkinson, Clive

    2004-02-01

    The Sulu-Sulawesi Sea, with neighboring Indonesian Seas and South China Sea, lies at the center of the world's tropical marine biodiversity. Encircled by 3 populous, developing nations, the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia, the Sea and its adjacent coastal and terrestrial ecosystems, supports ca. 33 million people, most with subsistence livelihoods heavily reliant on its renewable natural resources. These resources are being impacted severely by rapid population growth (> 2% yr-1, with expected doubling by 2035) and widespread poverty, coupled with increasing international market demand and rapid technological changes, compounded by inefficiencies in governance and a lack of awareness and/or acceptance of some laws among local populations, particularly in parts of the Philippines and Indonesia. These key root causes all contribute to illegal practices and corruption, and are resulting in severe resource depletion and degradation of water catchments, river, lacustrine, estuarine, coastal, and marine ecosystems. The Sulu-Sulawesi Sea forms a major geopolitical focus, with porous borders, transmigration, separatist movements, piracy, and illegal fishing all contributing to environmental degradation, human suffering and political instability, and inhibiting strong trilateral support for interventions. This review analyzes these multifarious environmental and socioeconomic impacts and their root causes, provides a future prognosis of status by 2020, and recommends policy options aimed at amelioration through sustainable management and development. PMID:15083654

  5. Socioeconomic and familial characteristics influence caretakers' adherence to the periodic vitamin A capsule supplementation program in Central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pangaribuan, Rosnani; Scherbaum, Veronika; Erhardt, Jürgen G; Sastroamidjojo, Soemilah; Biesalski, Hans K

    2004-06-01

    The adherence of program participants to periodic vitamin A capsule (VAC) supplementation among children aged 1-5 years (n = 677) in Central Java, Indonesia was assessed. Fourteen villages from five sub-districts and one ward from one sub-district in Central Java were included in the study to represent rural and suburban areas. All questions about demographic factors, socioeconomic conditions, current dietary practice and healthcare-seeking attitudes for common childhood illnesses, previous breastfeeding experience, their knowledge about vitamin A and adherence to the VAC program after capsule distribution (two periods in 2000) were asked. Caretakers with limited knowledge about the health benefits of vitamin A, households with more than one preschool child, and households with older children (> 36 months) were associated with a decreased likelihood of regular participation in the program with odds ratios of 0.38, 0.55, and 0.26, respectively (p marketing should be re-emphasized and other potential delivery channels, such as private healthcare practices, could also contribute to an increase adherence of supplementation program. PMID:15233189

  6. INITIAL SCREENING OF FAST-GROWING TREE SPECIES BEING TOLERANT OF DRY TROPICAL PEATLANDS IN CENTRAL KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hideyuki Saito

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available An investigation of the recruit, survivorship and growth of naturally regenerating tree species on canal bank was conducted to  select tree species which are suitable for preceding planting in drained and burnt peat swamp lands in  Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.  Top of  the canal bank were open, with greater soil moisture  deficit and higher soil temperatures than on the next intact forest floor. The abundant  trees were asam-asam (Ploiarium alternifolium,garunggang (Cratoxylon arborescens and tumih (Combretocarpus rotundatus. New regeneration of these trees on the canal bank was confirmed during this investigation and mortality was very low. These results indicated that P. alternifolium,C. arborescens and C. rotundatuswere tolerant of intensive radiation, soil drought and high soil temperatures during germination. The annual height increments  were 189-232  cm y-1 (P. alternifolium,118-289  cm y-1  (C. arborescensand 27-255 cm y-1   (C. rotundatus; thus, these three species could be classified as fast-growing with tolerance to open and dry conditions.  Such characteristics were important to avoid competition with herbs, ferns,and/ or climbers. The results·suggest that P.alternifolium,C. arborescens and C. rotundatusare suitable for preceding planting for the rehabilitation of the disturbed peat swamp forests of Central Kalimantan.

  7. Latar as the Central Point of Houses Group Unit: Identifiability for Spatial Structure in Kasongan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Yoyok Wahyu Subroto

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The massive spatial expansion of the city into the rural area in recent decades has caused such problems as related to the spatial exploitation in villages surrounding. This raises a question of whether the open space change into land coverage building may have a spatial structure implication on settlement growth and evolution process in the villages surrounding. This paper reports a case study of Kasongan village in Bantul regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia in between 1973-2010 in which the problem refers to the discussion of spatial structure is rarely addressed especially in village’s settlement growth and evolution analysis. The bound axis which consists of 4 (four quadrants and one intersection refers to the reference axes in a Cartesian Coordinate System (CCS is used to analyze the setting of the houses group unit around 4 areas/ quadrants. Through such spatial process analysis by means spatial structure approach, the continuity of latar (yard, in the central of houses group unit is detected. There is finding from this research that the latar which exists in ‘the central point’ of houses group unit in Kasongan during 4 decades significantly becomes the prominent factor of the basic spatial structure. It composes the houses group unit in Kasongan.

  8. Intestinal parasites of endangered orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) in Central and East Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labes, E M; Hegglin, D; Grimm, F; Nurcahyo, W; Harrison, M E; Bastian, M L; Deplazes, P

    2010-01-01

    Faecal samples from 163 captive and semi-captive individuals, 61 samples from wild individuals and 38 samples from captive groups of Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) in Kalimantan, Indonesia, were collected during one rainy season (November 2005-May 2006) and screened for intestinal parasites using sodium acetate-acetic acid-formalin-concentration (SAFC), sedimentation, flotation, McMaster- and Baermann techniques. We aimed to identify factors influencing infection risk for specific intestinal parasites in wild orangutans and individuals living in captivity. Various genera of Protozoa (including Entamoeba, Endolimax, Iodamoeba, Balantidium, Giardia and Blastocystis), nematodes (such as Strongyloides, Trichuris, Ascaris, Enterobius, Trichostrongylus and hookworms) and one trematode (a dicrocoeliid) were identified. For the first time, the cestode Hymenolepis was detected in orangutans. Highest prevalences were found for Strongyloides (individuals 37%; groups 58%), hookworms (41%; 58%), Balantidium (40%; 61%), Entamoeba coli (29%; 53%) and a trichostrongylid (13%; 32%). In re-introduction centres, infants were at higher risk of infection with Strongyloides than adults. Infection risk for hookworms was significantly higher in wild males compared with females. In groups, the centres themselves had a significant influence on the infection risk for Balantidium. Ranging patterns of wild orangutans, overcrowding in captivity and a shift of age composition in favour of immatures seemed to be the most likely factors leading to these results. PMID:19765342

  9. River responses to the 2010 major eruption of the Merapi volcano, central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gob, Frédéric; Gautier, Emmanuèle; Virmoux, Clément; Grancher, Delphine; Tamisier, Vincent; Primanda, Kiki Widyaputra; Wibowo, Sandy Budi; Sarrazin, Caroline; de Belizal, Edouard; Ville, Anouk; Lavigne, Franck

    2016-11-01

    This study examines the fluvial readjustment of a Javanese river impacted by the major eruption of the Merapi volcano (Indonesia) in October and November 2010. The basin of the Opak River, located on the southern flank of the Merapi, was subject to substantial sediment input related to massive pyroclastic deposits that were remobilized by numerous lahars during the year after the eruption. Two study sites were equipped in order to evaluate the morphodynamic evolution of the riverbed of the Opak River. Topographic surveys, bedload particle marking, and suspended sediment sampling revealed an important sediment mobilization during efficient flash floods. Surprisingly, no bed aggradation related to the progradation of a sediment wave was observed. Two years after the eruptive event, marked bed incision was observed. The Opak River readjustment differs from that of other fluvial systems affected by massive eruptions in two ways. Firstly, local population extracted the sand and blocks injected by the eruption as they represent a valuable economic resource. Secondly, several dams trapped the major part of the sediment load remobilized by lahars.

  10. Financial Discipline: A Survey of Entrepreneurs' Perspectives in South Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    Rahman, Abdul

    2011-01-01

    This article emphasizes on exploring a variety way of South Sulawesi???s entrepreneurs to implement financial discipline in organizing their businesses appropriately. In addition, this research attempts to investigate factors which need to be considered by entrepreneurs to achieve financial discipline. It was conducted in South Sulawesi with 250 respondents. The data were collected and analyzed using structured Equation Modeling. The participants??? responses indicate that most of entreprene...

  11. Indonesia; Statistical Appendix

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    1999-01-01

    The statistical data on developments in gross domestic product by sector of origin and by expenditure, agricultural production, production, domestic use, and exports of petroleum, approvals of foreign investment projects by economic sector, indices of inflation, consumer price index, summary of central government operations, and central government revenue of Indonesia are presented in the paper. The data on details of nontax receipts, Bank Indonesia liquidity support, foreign exchange and equ...

  12. Pedo-sedimentary dynamics of the Sangiran dome hominid bearing layers (Early to Middle Pleistocene, central Java, Indonesia) : a palaeopedological approach for reconstructing 'Pithecanthropus' (Javanese Homo erectus) palaeoenvironment

    OpenAIRE

    Brasseur, B.; Sémah, F.; Sémah, Anne-Marie; Djubiantono, T.

    2015-01-01

    Fossil soils and pedosediments displayed in Quaternary fossil-bearing formations are an important proxy to describe the evolution of climates and environments. Through a study of the palaeosols in the Sangiran dome, a rich hominid-bearing site of central Java (Indonesia), we characterized their record of terrestrialization through regional volcano-tectonic activity and describe palaeoenvironments colonized by hominids. The thick sedimentary formations of the Sangiran dome are known to reflect...

  13. Islamic courts and women's divorce rights in Indonesia : the cases of Cianjur and Bulukumba

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huis, Stijn Cornelis van

    2015-01-01

    This book presents the results of a research about the Islamic courts of Cianjur in West Java, and Bulukumba in South Sulawesi and the role they play in local divorce practices. It addresses questions which not only enhance our understanding of how Islamic courts in Indonesia work, but also of how I

  14. Analysis of viral protein-2 encoding gene of avian encephalomyelitis virus from field specimens in Central Java region, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aris Haryanto

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Avian encephalomyelitis (AE is a viral disease which can infect various types of poultry, especially chicken. In Indonesia, the incidence of AE infection in chicken has been reported since 2009, the AE incidence tends to increase from year to year. The objective of this study was to analyze viral protein 2 (VP-2 encoding gene of AE virus (AEV from various species of birds in field specimen by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR amplification using specific nucleotides primer for confirmation of AE diagnosis. Materials and Methods: A total of 13 AEV samples are isolated from various species of poultry which are serologically diagnosed infected by AEV from some areas in central Java, Indonesia. Research stage consists of virus samples collection from field specimens, extraction of AEV RNA, amplification of VP-2 protein encoding gene by RT-PCR, separation of RT-PCR product by agarose gel electrophoresis, DNA sequencing and data analysis. Results: Amplification products of the VP-2 encoding gene of AEV by RT-PCR methods of various types of poultry from field specimens showed a positive results on sample code 499/4/12 which generated DNA fragment in the size of 619 bp. Sensitivity test of RT-PCR amplification showed that the minimum concentration of RNA template is 127.75 ng/μl. The multiple alignments of DNA sequencing product indicated that positive sample with code 499/4/12 has 92% nucleotide homology compared with AEV with accession number AV1775/07 and 85% nucleotide homology with accession number ZCHP2/0912695 from Genbank database. Analysis of VP-2 gene sequence showed that it found 46 nucleotides difference between isolate 499/4/12 compared with accession number AV1775/07 and 93 nucleotides different with accession number ZCHP2/0912695. Conclusions: Analyses of the VP-2 encoding gene of AEV with RT-PCR method from 13 samples from field specimen generated the DNA fragment in the size of 619 bp from one sample with

  15. Glacial forcing of central Indonesian hydroclimate since 60,000 y B.P.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, James M.; Vogel, Hendrik; Konecky, Bronwen L.; Bijaksana, Satria; Huang, Yongsong; Melles, Martin; Wattrus, Nigel; Costa, Kassandra; King, John W.

    2014-04-01

    The Indo-Pacific warm pool houses the largest zone of deep atmospheric convection on Earth and plays a critical role in global climate variations. Despite the region's importance, changes in Indo-Pacific hydroclimate on orbital timescales remain poorly constrained. Here we present high-resolution geochemical records of surface runoff and vegetation from sediment cores from Lake Towuti, on the island of Sulawesi in central Indonesia, that continuously span the past 60,000 y. We show that wet conditions and rainforest ecosystems on Sulawesi present during marine isotope stage 3 (MIS3) and the Holocene were interrupted by severe drying between ∼33,000 and 16,000 y B.P. when Northern Hemisphere ice sheets expanded and global temperatures cooled. Our record reveals little direct influence of precessional orbital forcing on regional climate, and the similarity between MIS3 and Holocene climates observed in Lake Towuti suggests that exposure of the Sunda Shelf has a weaker influence on regional hydroclimate and terrestrial ecosystems than suggested previously. We infer that hydrological variability in this part of Indonesia varies strongly in response to high-latitude climate forcing, likely through reorganizations of the monsoons and the position of the intertropical convergence zone. These findings suggest an important role for the tropical western Pacific in amplifying glacial-interglacial climate variability.

  16. Glacial forcing of central Indonesian hydroclimate since 60,000 y B.P.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, James M; Vogel, Hendrik; Konecky, Bronwen L; Bijaksana, Satria; Huang, Yongsong; Melles, Martin; Wattrus, Nigel; Costa, Kassandra; King, John W

    2014-04-01

    The Indo-Pacific warm pool houses the largest zone of deep atmospheric convection on Earth and plays a critical role in global climate variations. Despite the region's importance, changes in Indo-Pacific hydroclimate on orbital timescales remain poorly constrained. Here we present high-resolution geochemical records of surface runoff and vegetation from sediment cores from Lake Towuti, on the island of Sulawesi in central Indonesia, that continuously span the past 60,000 y. We show that wet conditions and rainforest ecosystems on Sulawesi present during marine isotope stage 3 (MIS3) and the Holocene were interrupted by severe drying between ∼33,000 and 16,000 y B.P. when Northern Hemisphere ice sheets expanded and global temperatures cooled. Our record reveals little direct influence of precessional orbital forcing on regional climate, and the similarity between MIS3 and Holocene climates observed in Lake Towuti suggests that exposure of the Sunda Shelf has a weaker influence on regional hydroclimate and terrestrial ecosystems than suggested previously. We infer that hydrological variability in this part of Indonesia varies strongly in response to high-latitude climate forcing, likely through reorganizations of the monsoons and the position of the intertropical convergence zone. These findings suggest an important role for the tropical western Pacific in amplifying glacial-interglacial climate variability. PMID:24706841

  17. Discursive barriers and cross-scale forest governance in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Caleb T. Gallemore; Rut Dini. Prasti H.; Moira Moeliono

    2014-01-01

    Students of social-ecological systems have emphasized the need for effective cross-scale governance. We theorized that discursive barriers, particularly between technical and traditional practices, can act as a barrier to cross-scale collaboration. We analyzed the effects of discursive divides on collaboration on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) policy development in Central Kalimantan, an Indonesian province on the island of Borneo selected in 2010 to p...

  18. KEANEKARAGAMAN ANGGREK DI HUTAN SULAWESI SELATAN

    OpenAIRE

    Sri Suhadiyah; Elis Tambaru; Rinaldi Sjahril; Muh. Ruslan Umar

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian keanekaragaman anggrek di hutan Sulawesi Selatan telah dilakukan pada bulan Oktober-November 2012, dihutan Pattunuang, Kabupaten Maros dan di hutan Bolli Kabupaten Enrekang .Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui keranekagaman spesies anggrek dan pohon inangnya. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode jelajah. Hasil penelitian di hutan Pattunuang diperoleh 12 genus yang terdiri dari 15 spesies anggrek , tumbuh pada 10 spesies pohon inang . Spesies yang banyak jumlahnya adala...

  19. New cytotypes of Pteris ensiformis var. victoriae from Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Efendi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available New cytotypes of Pteris ensiformis var. victoriae and one cytotype of var. ensiformis are recorded from Indonesia: var. victoriae with 2n=58 (sexual diploid from Gorontalo, North       Sulawesi, and 2n=87 (triploid from Lombok Island and Bogor, West Java; and var. ensiformis with 2n=116 (sexual tetraploid. The diploid is smaller than the triploid in plant size. Results indicate a cytological variation in var. victoriae, like in var. ensiformis.

  20. Second Record Of Blue-Nosed Grubfish, Parapercis Albogutta(Günther, 1872 (Perciformes: Penguipedidae From Bitung,North Sulawesi.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fasmi Achmad

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available A specimens of Blue-nosed Grubfish, Parapercis alboguttata (Günther, 1872 were collected from reef flat of RonBolaan, Lembeh Island, North Sulawesi on 21 July 2008. It was caught by hook and line from a depths of about 10 - 20m. First record of this specimen found in Makassar Strait and deposited at the Bishop Museum (BPBM in Honolulu,USA. P. alboguttata has been found in many scattered locations in the Indo-West Pacific, from north western Australia,Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia, Oman and Somalia. Morphological features of the Indonesian specimenare reported.

  1. Upper crustal structure of central Java, Indonesia, from transdimensional seismic ambient noise tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zulfakriza, Z.; Saygin, E.; Cummins, P. R.; Widiyantoro, S.; Nugraha, A. D.; Lühr, B.-G.; Bodin, T.

    2014-04-01

    Delineating the crustal structure of central Java is crucial for understanding its complex tectonic setting. However, seismic imaging of the strong heterogeneity typical of such a tectonically active region can be challenging, particularly in the upper crust where velocity contrasts are strongest and steep body wave ray paths provide poor resolution. To overcome these difficulties, we apply the technique of ambient noise tomography (ANT) to data collected during the Merapi Amphibious Experiment (MERAMEX), which covered central Java with a temporary deployment of over 120 seismometers during 2004 May-October. More than 5000 Rayleigh wave Green's functions were extracted by cross-correlating the noise simultaneously recorded at available station pairs. We applied a fully non-linear 2-D Bayesian probabilistic inversion technique to the retrieved traveltimes. Features in the derived tomographic images correlate well with previous studies, and some shallow structures that were not evident in previous studies are clearly imaged with ANT. The Kendeng Basin and several active volcanoes appear with very low group velocities, and anomalies with relatively high velocities can be interpreted in terms of crustal sutures and/or surface geological features.

  2. Restoring State Control Over Forest Resources Through Administrative Procedures: Evidence From a Community Forestry Programme in Central Java, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Maryudi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, community forestry has emerged as a means to reform power constellations with regard to forest governance. Through community forestry, the central state promised to devolve several forest rights to local communities and encouraged them to get involved in decision making processes and the implementation of forest activities. However, experience in some countries indicates that the implementation of community forestry programmes is rarely followed by genuine power devolution to local forest users. Instead, these programmes may even serve as a means to retain or restore the central state’s control over forests. Using a case study of a community forestry programme implemented in Java, Indonesia, by a state forest company, this paper argues that the implementation of community forestry is also driven by the state’s interests to regain control over the forests. Research in eight villages in Central Java province reveals that the community forestry programmes are carefully structured according to numerous administrative procedures and estab- lish a mode of control through a bureaucratic design. ----- In den letzten Jahren hat sich community forestry als Mittel zur Reform von Machtkonstellationen in Bezug auf die Verwaltung von Wäldern herausgebildet. Der Zentralstaat versprach durch community forestry bestimmte Waldrechte an lokale Communities abzugeben und ermutigte sie, sich an Entscheidungsprozessen und der Implementierung von Forstaktivitäten zu beteiligen. Erfahrungen in einigen Ländern zeigen jedoch, dass die Implementierung von community forestry-Programmen selten mit einem tatsächlichen Machttransfer an lokale ForstnutzerInnen einhergeht, sondern diese Programme sogar als Mittel zur Rückgewinnung von zentralstaatlicher Kontrolle über Wälder dienen können. Anhand eines Fallbeispiels eines community forestry-Programms, das in Java, Indonesien, von einem staatlichen Forstunternehmen implementiert wird, argumentiere ich

  3. Kinematic Analysis of Fault-Slip Data in the Central Range of Papua, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benyamin Sapiie

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Most of the Cenozoic tectonic evolution in New Guinea is a result of obliquely convergent motion that ledto an arc-continent collision between the Australian and Pacific Plates. The Gunung Bijih (Ertsberg Mining District(GBMD is located in the Central Range of Papua, in the western half of the island of New Guinea. This study presentsthe results of detailed structural mapping concentrated on analyzing fault-slip data along a 15-km traverse of theHeavy Equipment Access Trail (HEAT and the Grasberg mine access road, providing new information concerning thedeformation in the GBMD and the Cenozoic structural evolution of the Central Range. Structural analysis indicatesthat two distinct stages of deformation have occurred since ~12 Ma. The first stage generated a series of en-echelonNW-trending (π-fold axis = 300° folds and a few reverse faults. The second stage resulted in a significant left-lateralstrike-slip faulting sub-parallel to the regional strike of upturned bedding. Kinematic analysis reveals that the areasbetween the major strike-slip faults form structural domains that are remarkably uniform in character. The changein deformation styles from contractional to a strike-slip offset is explained as a result from a change in the relativeplate motion between the Pacific and Australian Plates at ~4 Ma. From ~4 - 2 Ma, transform motion along an ~ 270°trend caused a left-lateral strike-slip offset, and reactivated portions of pre-existing reverse faults. This action had aprofound effect on magma emplacement and hydrothermal activity.

  4. The preliminary results: Seismic ambient noise Rayleigh wave tomography around Merapi volcano, central Java, Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ambient noise tomography is relatively a new method for imaging the shallow structure of the Earth subsurface. We presents the application of this method to produce a Rayleigh wave group velocity maps around the Merapi Volcano, Central Java. Rayleigh waves group velocity maps were reconstructed from the cross-correlation of ambient noise recorded by the DOMERAPI array which consists 43 broadband seismometers. In the processing stage, we first filtered the observation data to separatethe noise from the signal that dominated by the strong volcanic activities. Next, we cross-correlate the filtered data and stack to obtain the Green’s function for all possible station pairs. Then we carefully picked the peak of each Green’s function to estimate the dispersion trend and appliedMultiple Filter Technique to obtain the dispersion curve. Inter-station group velocity curvesare inverted to produceRayleigh wave group velocity maps for periods 1 to 10 s. The resulted Rayleigh group velocity maps show the interesting features around the Merapi Volcano which generally agree with the previous studies. Merapi-Lawu Anomaly (MLA) is emerged as a relatively low anomaly in our group velocity maps

  5. Discursive barriers and cross-scale forest governance in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caleb T. Gallemore

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Students of social-ecological systems have emphasized the need for effective cross-scale governance. We theorized that discursive barriers, particularly between technical and traditional practices, can act as a barrier to cross-scale collaboration. We analyzed the effects of discursive divides on collaboration on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+ policy development in Central Kalimantan, an Indonesian province on the island of Borneo selected in 2010 to pilot subnational REDD+ policy. We argue that the complexities of bridging local land management practices and technical approaches to greenhouse gas emissions reduction and carbon offsetting create barriers to cross-scale collaboration. We tested these hypotheses using an exponential random graph model of collaboration among 36 organizations active in REDD+ policy in the province. We found that discursive divides were associated with a decreased probability of collaboration between organizations and that organizations headquartered outside the province were less likely to collaborate with organizations headquartered in the province. We conclude that bridging discursive communities presents a chicken-and-egg problem for cross-scale governance of social-ecological systems. In precisely the situations where it is most important, when bridging transnational standards with local knowledge and land management practices, it is the most difficult.

  6. The preliminary results: Seismic ambient noise Rayleigh wave tomography around Merapi volcano, central Java, Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trichandi, Rahmantara, E-mail: rachmantara.tri@gmail.com [Geophysical Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, 40132, Bandung (Indonesia); Yudistira, Tedi; Nugraha, Andri Dian [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Zulhan, Zulfakriza [Earth Science Graduate Program, Faculty of Earth Science and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Saygin, Erdinc [Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2015-04-24

    Ambient noise tomography is relatively a new method for imaging the shallow structure of the Earth subsurface. We presents the application of this method to produce a Rayleigh wave group velocity maps around the Merapi Volcano, Central Java. Rayleigh waves group velocity maps were reconstructed from the cross-correlation of ambient noise recorded by the DOMERAPI array which consists 43 broadband seismometers. In the processing stage, we first filtered the observation data to separatethe noise from the signal that dominated by the strong volcanic activities. Next, we cross-correlate the filtered data and stack to obtain the Green’s function for all possible station pairs. Then we carefully picked the peak of each Green’s function to estimate the dispersion trend and appliedMultiple Filter Technique to obtain the dispersion curve. Inter-station group velocity curvesare inverted to produceRayleigh wave group velocity maps for periods 1 to 10 s. The resulted Rayleigh group velocity maps show the interesting features around the Merapi Volcano which generally agree with the previous studies. Merapi-Lawu Anomaly (MLA) is emerged as a relatively low anomaly in our group velocity maps.

  7. THE ANALYSIS OF BEEF CATTLE SUBSYSTEM AGRIBUSINESS IMPLEMENTATION IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Ekowati

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to analyze the implementation of subsystem agribusiness on the beef cattle farming in Central Java. Five districts (Rembang, Blora, Grobogan, Boyolali and Wonogiri were purposively chosen based on the value of Location Quotient (LQ. The study was conducted using quota sampling method. Forty respondents of each district were chosen randomly using quota sampling. Data were analyzed through Structural Equation Model (SEM. The results showed that each subsystem agribusiness had adequate potential score. The score of 0.693, 0.721, 0.684, 0.626, and 0.691 were given for up-stream subsystem, on-farm, down-stream subsystem, marketing and supporting institution, respectively. The results showed that the SEM model was feasible with Chi-Square value=0.952; RMSEA=0.000; Probability =0.621 and TL1=1.126. The significant results of Critical Ratio (CR were: up-stream subsystem to the on-farm agribusiness; on-farm subsystem to down-stream agribusiness; down-stream subsystem to the farmer’s income; marketing subsystem to the up-stream agribusiness and Supporting Institution to the marketing subsystem and down-stream agribusiness. The conclusion of research indicated that the implementation of beef cattle subsystem agribusiness had adequate index and give positive effect to the beef cattle agribusiness.

  8. THE ANALYSIS OF BEEF CATTLE SUBSYSTEM AGRIBUSINESS IMPLEMENTATION IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Ekowati

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to analyze the implementation of subsystem agribusiness on the beef cattlefarming in Central Java. Five districts (Rembang, Blora, Grobogan, Boyolali and Wonogiri werepurposively chosen based on the value of Location Quotient (LQ. The study was conducted usingquota sampling method. Forty respondents of each district were chosen randomly using quota sampling.Data were analyzed through Structural Equation Model (SEM. The results showed that each subsystemagribusiness had adequate potential score. The score of 0.693, 0.721, 0.684, 0.626, and 0.691 were givenfor up-stream subsystem, on-farm, down-stream subsystem, marketing and supporting institution,respectively. The results showed that the SEM model was feasible with Chi-Square value=0.952;RMSEA=0.000; Probability =0.621 and TL1=1.126. The significant results of Critical Ratio (CR were:up-stream subsystem to the on-farm agribusiness; on-farm subsystem to down-stream agribusiness;down-stream subsystem to the farmer’s income; marketing subsystem to the up-stream agribusiness andSupporting Institution to the marketing subsystem and down-stream agribusiness. The conclusion ofresearch indicated that the implementation of beef cattle subsystem agribusiness had adequate index andgive positive effect to the beef cattle agribusiness.

  9. Health information system model for monitoring treatment and surveillance for leprosy patients in indonesia (case study in Pekalongan District, Central Java, Indonesia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachmani, Enny; Kurniadi, Arif; Hsu, Chien Yeh

    2013-01-01

    After India and Brazil, Indonesia has the third highest incidence/prevalence of leprosy in the world. Every year thousands of new cases and case with grade-2 disability are reported and, while the recovery rate lingers only 80-90 %. Therefore, more than 10 % of leprosy patients drop out of treatment and can be a source of new infections in the community. Our research was aimed at determining apparent difficulties in the leprosy control program as well as how a health information system (HIS) could assist the Indonesian leprosy control program. We used qualitative method with deep interview and observation of document. One of the difficulties which the Indonesian leprosy control program faces is discontinuity of patient's data due to rotating staff as well as the treatment monitoring and queries patients which should be monitored after treatment has ceased. Technology implementation is feasible through short message service (sms) reminders and web base applications. The leprosy control program urgently needs to implement continuous monitoring and recording of patients because of the particular characteristics of this contagious disease.

  10. Oxygen isotope heterogeneity of arc magma recorded in plagioclase from the 2010 Merapi eruption (Central Java, Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borisova, Anastassia Y.; Gurenko, Andrey A.; Martel, Caroline; Kouzmanov, Kalin; Cathala, Annick; Bohrson, Wendy A.; Pratomo, Indyo; Sumarti, Sri

    2016-10-01

    Chemical and isotopic compositions of magmatic crystals provide important information to distinguish between deep juvenile and crustal contributions. In this work, high-resolution multicollector secondary ion mass spectrometry data reveal strong variations of δ18O values in three plagioclase crystals (800-1700 μm) from two representative basaltic andesite samples of the 2010 Merapi eruption (Central Java, Indonesia). The δ18O values (from 4.6‰ to 7.9‰) are interpreted to reflect oxygen isotope heterogeneity in the melt composition during plagioclase growth. The lowest δ18O values (4.6-6.6‰) are found in anorthite-rich cores (An82-97), whereas higher δ18O values (5.7-7.9‰) are found in anorthite-poorer zones (An33-86), typically in crystal rims. Combining these new plagioclase δ18O data with δ18O of calc-silicate crustal xenoliths erupted between 1994 and 1998, the composition of glass inclusions hosted by the anorthite-rich plagioclase (An82-92), available experimental data, and the results of thermodynamic modeling using the Magma Chamber Simulator code, we conclude that the abundant anorthite-rich cores crystallized from a mantle-derived hydrous basaltic to basaltic trachyandesite melt that recharged a deeper (200-600 MPa) magma storage zone, whereas lower anorthite zones crystallized at shallower levels (100-200 MPa). The oxygen isotope variations in the plagioclase are explained by a two-stage model of interaction of the hydrous, mafic mantle-derived magma (1) with old crustal rocks depleted in 18O due to high temperature alteration that yielded the low δ18O values in the anorthite-rich cores at deep levels (13-20 km), and later (2) with 18O-enriched carbonate material that yielded the high δ18O values in anorthite-poorer zones at shallow levels (∼4.5-9 km). Thermodynamic modeling is consistent with ∼18 wt.% assimilation of crustal calc-silicate material at 925-950 °C and 100-200 MPa by the 2010 Merapi basaltic andesite magma prior to

  11. Characteristics of Gaseous Carbon Emission from a Tropical Peatland Fire: A Plot-Scale Field Experiment in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamada, Y.; Darung, U.; Limin, S. H.; Hatano, R.

    2014-12-01

    Tropical peatland in Southeast Asia is a vast reservoir of terrestrial carbon, which covers 24.8 million hectares and stores 68.5 PgC peat, equal to 11-14% of global peat carbon. In recent decades, large scale peatland fire has occurred frequently in that region, in which many areas of peatland were reclaimed with intention to use the land for forest plantation and rice paddy. We conducted a plot-scale peat burning experiment to elucidate the characteristics of gaseous carbon emission from a tropical peatland fire at the ground level. The experimental site was established at an open area 20 km southeast from Palangka Raya, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. The size of the burning plot is 4 m in length and 3 m in width. Gas samples were collected at heights of 1.0, 0.5, 0.0 (aboveground), -0.1 and -0.2 m (belowground) through stainless steel and/or aluminum tubes settled across the edge of the plot. The concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4) and particulate matter (PM) was determined. Soil temperature was recorded every 10 minutes 0.1 and 0.2 m below the ground surface. Twelve iron rods were installed in 1-m by 1-m square grid to determine the depth of burn scar. After ignition, flaming stage of peat burning was ceased within 1-2 hours. The following smoldering stage continued for a week. In the flaming stage, soil temperature at -0.1 m increased tentatively. After the smoldering stage began, the temperature rapidly increased to 350-450°C. Response of soil temperature at -0.2 m was less prominent. Concentrations of gaseous components became maximal in the flaming stage. During the smoldering stage, the concentrations gradually decreased. The influence of burning on CO2 and PM was prominently remained at -0.1 m, whereas those at -0.2 m were not so much. The averaged burnt depth was 5.8±5.1 cm. Based on bulk density of 0.22 g/cm3 and carbon content of 55.5%, the amount of carbon lost from the plot was 85.3 kg. Most of the

  12. Is cross-breeding of cattle beneficial for the environment? The case of mixed farming systems in Central Java, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Widi, T.S.M.; Udo, H.M.J.; Oldenbroek, J.K.; Budisatria, I.G.S.; Baliarti, E.; Viets, T.C.; Zijpp, van der A.J.

    2015-01-01

    Cross-breeding with European beef breeds has become a standard approach for the intensification of smallholder cattle production in Indonesia. This study assessed the environmental impact of cross-breeding, in terms of Global Warming Potential (GWP) and land use. We sampled 90 local Ongole and 162 c

  13. Geographical Assessment of Rickettsioses in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widjaja, Susana; Williams, Maya; Winoto, Imelda; Farzeli, Arik; Stoops, Craig A; Barbara, Kathryn A; Richards, Allen L; Blair, Patrick J

    2016-01-01

    To expand the documentation of rickettsioses in Indonesia, we conducted an ectoparasite and small mammal investigation involving four major islands: Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, and Kalimantan. Coastal and highland regions on each island surveyed were chosen to represent different ecologies in Indonesia. Indication of the presence of Rickettsia spp. was evident in all areas sampled. Typhus group rickettsiae-specific antibodies had significantly higher prevalence among small mammals captured in Java compared to the other islands surveyed (78% in coastal and 50% in highland regions) and the prevalence of spotted fever group rickettsiae-specific antibodies was significantly higher in Kalimantan than the other islands investigated. Hosts and vectors were restricted by Rickettsia spp. but not by coastal or highland regions. Our findings expand the range in which rickettsial pathogens have been documented within the Indonesian archipelago and point to a significant risk to human health.

  14. SEJARAH PETEMPATAN MASYARAKAT MELAYU DI SULAWESI SELATAN, 1789 ??? 1942

    OpenAIRE

    AMRULLAH AMIR, S.S., M.A.

    2014-01-01

    Ketika orang-orang Portugis mengunjungi Kerajaan Siang sebuah wilayah pesisir barat Sulawesi Selatan sekitar tahun 1540-an, mereka menjumpai pedagang-pedagang besar Melayu yang berasal daripada Ujung Tanah (Johor), Pahang, dan Patani yang telah berdagang di daerah ini sejak awal tahun 1500. Mereka datang untuk mengumpulkan produk-produk ekspor lokal Sulawesi Selatan, seperti kayu cendana, hasil laut (khasnya tempurung penyu), beras, dan hamba. Selain daripada pedagang-pedagang Melayu, bangs...

  15. The Grunts (Family Haemulidae) of the Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    Burhanuddin, Andi Iqbal; IWATSUKI, Yukio

    2012-01-01

    Fish diversity monitoring could be utilized as a basis for formulating management regulation of the fisheries resources. These studies were conducted to describe the grunt of the family Haemulidae from the Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi. Specimens were collected in Rajawali and Paotere Fish Landing Port Makassar, South Sulawesi from August 2003 to November 2010. The results showed that there were thirdteen species representing three genera of family Haemulidae inhabiting the area wer...

  16. The Effects of High Scientific Literacy, Self-Efficacy, and Achievement Motivation on Teachers' Ability to Compose Effective Tests: Case Study from Manado, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poluakan, Cosmas

    2012-01-01

    This research was conducted to determine the effects of high scientific literacy, self-efficacy, and achievement motivation on teachers' ability to compose effective tests. It was conducted among junior high school science teachers in Manado, North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia, from April to September 2011, using a cross-sectional survey design.…

  17. New species of Krombeinius (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Perilampidae) from Indonesia, and the first description of first-instar larva for the genus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Darling, D.C.

    1995-01-01

    Two new species of Krombeinius from Indonesia are described and illustrated, K. kubah from Java and K. dictyon from Sulawesi. In addition, K. eumenidarum Bouček and K. megalaspis (Cameron) are redescribed to allow comparison with the closely related species, K. dictyon and K. kubah, respectively. Th

  18. Decentralization and good governance: The case of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Green, Keith

    2005-01-01

    Indonesia began a process of rapid government decentralization in 1999 from a formerly strong centralized government structure. I review the history of decentralization in Indonesia and assess how Indonesia has fared in pursuing a decentralization policy since 1999. I illustrate how Indonesia meets several criteria of successful decentralization and how it is fails the criteria in principle in other areas. Finally, I indicate the likely future challenges faced by Indonesia as it implements de...

  19. Contesting State Forests in Post-Suharto Indonesia: Authority Formation, State Forest Land Dispute, and Power in Upland Central Java, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anu Lounela

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the ongoing conflict over state forest land between the local population and the State Forestry Corporation (SFC in a village in upland Central Java with regard to authority formation. It looks at how different agents draw on different sources of authority in the course of the conflict and its negotiations. The principal questions are to what kind of sources of authority villagers refer to and how the formation of authority informs the relations between the state and society in the land dispute. The article is based on 11 months of ethnographic fieldwork and focuses on the central figure of Pak Wahid who took a leading position in the forest land dispute and in mobilising peasants in the village. The article argues that in post-Suharto Java, leadership in the struggle for state forest land at the village level is embedded in the interaction of Javanese ideas of power and authority as well as administrative authority. Due to political and institutional reforms, new sources of authority could be invoked while there are no real changes in the power relations within the village or between the SFC and the villagers. ----- Dieser Artikel untersucht den anhaltenden Konflikt um staatliche Waldflächen zwischen der lokalen Bevölkerung und der State Forestry Corporation (SFC in einem Dorf im Hochland von Zentral- Java in Bezug auf die Entwicklung von Autorität. Es wird untersucht, wie sich unterschiedliche AkteurInnen im Rahmen des Konflikts und dessen Verhandlung auf unterschiedliche Bezugsquellen von Autorität beziehen. Die zentralen Forschungsfragen in diesem Zusammenhang sind, auf welche Bezugsquellen von Autorität sich DorfbewohnerInnen beziehen und wie die Entwicklung von Autorität die Beziehungen zwischen Staat und Gesellschaft im Rahmen des Landkonflikts beeinflusst. Der Artikel basiert auf einer 11-monatigen ethnografischen Feldforschung und fokussiert auf die Person von Pak Wahid, der eine Schlüsselrolle im Konflikt

  20. THE BAND OF ABDUL QAHHAR MUDZAKKAR: Biographical Sketch of Rebelious Leaders of Islamic State-Indonesian Islamic Army (DI/TII) of Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Hasbi

    2014-01-01

    The rebellious movement of Islamic State-Indonesian Islamic Army (DI/TII) began from dissa­tis­faction towards the secular state of newly indepen­dent Indonesia. Abd. Qahhar Mudzakkar, the leader of DI/TII in Sulawesi and his followers revolted against the govern­ment, and subsequently formed their own Islamic government. Since Qahhar graduated from Muhammadiyah school, his theological basis in his cause to establishing an Islamc state is very prevalent. He believed that his Islamic state is ...

  1. Isotope geochemistry of lavas of central Java, Indonesia and Heard Island, Indian ocean - evidence for sedimentary and mantle plume source components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trace element and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic data for Slamet basalt-andesites indicate that their parental magmas are affected by small degrees of crustal contamination. The geochemistry of their mantle sources, rich in LILE and LREE has been influenced by a sedimentary component of the underlying subducted lithosphere. This contribution presents some of the elemental and isotopic data (including new Pb- isotope data) upon which this interpretation is based, and compares the isotopic compositions of the Slamet lavas of north-central Java, Indonesia, with estimates of Heard Island (an oceanic island volcano, in the southern Indian Ocean ) low 87Sr/86Sr end-members and also lavas of Muriah and Ringgit-Beser, Java

  2. Subduction Initiation in Eastern Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, R.

    2014-12-01

    Subduction is often reported to be difficult to initiate, yet in the West Pacific and Eastern Indonesia there are many young subduction zones. Few theoretical or modelling studies consider such settings in which subduction commonly began close to boundaries between ocean crust and thickened crust of arc or continental origin. In Eastern Indonesia there are subduction zones at different stages of development. Some young examples such as the Banda Arc developed by propagation of an existing trench into a new area by tearing, probably along an ocean-continent boundary. This 'solves' the problem since the older subducted slab provides the driving force to drag down unsubducted ocean lithosphere. However, similar explanations cannot account for other subduction zones, such as North Sulawesi, nearby examples in which the subducted slab is not yet at 100 km depth, or troughs where subduction appears to be beginning. These examples show that subduction initiated at a point, such as a corner in an ocean basin, where there were very great differences in elevation between land and adjacent ocean floor. Depression of ocean crust by flow of arc/continent crust is associated with granitic magmatism and detachments within the upper crust. Once the oceanic corner reaches depths of c.100 km, eclogite formation may lead to slab pull that causes the new subduction zone to grow in both directions along strike; arc magmatism may or may not begin. The close relationship between subduction and extension in Eastern Indonesia links dramatic elevation of land, exhumation of deep crust, and spectacular subsidence of basins imaged by oil exploration seismic and multibeam data. Exhumed granites and high-grade metamorphic rocks at elevations up to 3 km, separated by Neogene alluvial sediments from carbonate reefs now at depths of 2 kilometres, imply vertical movements of several kilometres in a few million years. These observations raise the question of whether subduction is driving extension

  3. Short-wavelength, high-amplitude gravity anomalies around the Banda Sea, and the collapse of the Sulawesi orogen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milsom, J.; Sardjono; Susilo, A.

    2001-04-01

    In eastern Indonesia, high-density ophiolitic rocks outcropping on islands surrounding the Banda Sea are in many cases associated with strong gravity anomalies and steep gravity gradients. However, the relationships are not always straightforward. Bouguer gravity levels and gradients over the extensive East Sulawesi Ophiolite are generally relatively low, although short-wavelength, high amplitude anomalies indicate rapid changes in thickness of high-density rocks in a few places. In the Banda Arc, most local positive anomalies due to ophiolites are superimposed on a steep regional gravity gradient but in one case, in western Seram, there is a distinct and important spatial separation between the two. On Buru, west of Seram, a gradient of more than 10 mGal/km testifies to the presence of very dense rocks in the near subsurface, despite the absence of ophiolites in the outcrop. Gravity variations and ophiolite distribution around the Banda Sea are compatible with extension having occurred in the Sulawesi region following, and as a result of, Oligo-Miocene collision with an Australian-derived microcontinent. Similar histories have been proposed for many Mediterranean deep basins of similar size, shape and character, and emplacement of some of the high-density masses in the Banda Arc has probably resembled at least the later stages in the emplacement of peridotite massifs in the Rif-Betic belt. In both areas the present close association of the ultramafic rocks and their associated local anomalies with a strong regional gravity gradient is largely coincidental.

  4. "It is not possible for me to have diabetes"-community perceptions on diabetes and its risk factors in Rural Purworejo District, Central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pujilestari, Cahya Utamie; Ng, Nawi; Hakimi, Mohammad; Eriksson, Malin

    2014-06-12

    Accumulating evidence suggests that negative perceptions towards diabetes can limit the management and prevention of the disease. The negative perceptions towards diabetes are prevalent in many different settings, especially among rural communities. Few qualitative studies have been performed to understand how the community views diabetes and its associated risk factors. This study aimed to explore general community perceptions of diabetes and its risk factors in rural Indonesia. A total of 68 participants were recruited to 12 focus group discussions (FGDs) comprised of different age groups and sexes. The FGDs were conducted in six villages in rural Purworejo District, Central Java, Indonesia, from 2011 to 2012. All FGDs were recorded and transcribed. Qualitative content analysis was performed to describe and analyse how the rural community perceived diabetes and its risk factors. Diabetes was perceived as a visible and scary sugar disease, and the affected individuals themselves were blamed for getting the disease. Recognised as 'sugar' or 'sweet-pee' disease with terrifying effects, diabetes was believed to be a disease with no cure. The participants seemed to have an unrealistic optimism with regards to the diabetes risk factors. They believed that diabetes would not affect them, only others, and that having family members with diabetes was necessary for one to develop diabetes. Our findings demonstrate that rural communities have negative perceptions about diabetes and at the same time individuals have unrealistic optimism about their own risk factors. Understanding how such communities perceive diabetes and its risk factors is important for planning prevention strategies. Health messages need to be tailored to health-related behaviours and the local culture's concepts of diseases and risk factors.

  5. How do laboratory technicians perceive their role in tuberculosis diagnostic process: a cross-sectional study among laboratory technicians in health centers of Central Java Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widjanarko B

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Bagoes Widjanarko,1 Dyah Anantalia Widyastari,2 Martini Martini,3 Praba Ginandjar3 1Department of Health Education and Behavior Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia; 2Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Salaya, Thailand; 3Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia Purpose: Detection of acid-fast bacilli in respiratory specimens serves as an initial pulmonary tuberculosis (TB diagnosis. Laboratories are the essential and fundamental part of all health systems. This study aimed to describe how laboratory technicians perceived their own self and work. This included perceived self-efficacy, perceived role, perceived equipment availability, perceived procedures, perceived reward and job, and perceived benefit of health education, as well as level of knowledge and attitudes related to work performance of laboratory technicians.Methods: This was a cross-sectional quantitative study involving 120 laboratory technicians conducted in Central Java. Interviews and observation were conducted to measure performance and work-related variables.Results: Among 120 laboratory technicians, 43.3% showed fairly good performance. They complied with 50%–75% of all procedures, including sputum collection, laboratory tools utilization, sputum smearing, staining, smear examination, grading of results, and universal precaution practice. Perceived role, perceived self-efficacy, and knowledge of laboratory procedures were significantly correlated to performance, besides education and years of working as a laboratory technician. Perceived equipment availability was also significantly correlated to performance after the education variable was controlled.Conclusion: Most of the laboratory technicians believed that they have an important role in TB patients’ treatment and should display proper self-efficacy in performing laboratory activities. The

  6. THE VEGETATION OF LAMBUSANGO FOREST, BUTON, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDREW POWLING

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available POWLING, A., PHILLIPS, A., PRITCHETT, R., SEGAR, S. T., WHEELER, R. & MARDIASTUTI, A. 2015. Thevegetation of Lambusango Forest, Buton, Indonesia. Reinwardtia 14(2: 265 – 286. ― Lambusango Forest is a tropicalrainforest on the island of Buton, which lies close to south east Sulawesi. The forest covers an area of about 95.000 ha,with different parts of the forest having different levels of conservation protection. It lies on rocks of both calcareous(limestone and non-calcareous (sandstone, conglomerate, peridotite and chert nature, which give rise to soils withvarying pH values, nutrient levels and water-holding capacities. The climate is seasonal, with a dry season of threemonths and considerable year-to-year variability due to El Niño and La Niña events. The vegetation on the differentsoils and in different habitats has been studied. Over 300 species of vascular plants found in the forest and surroundingareas are listed, including trees and shrubs, herbs, climbers, epiphytes, ferns and club-mosses. Two genera, Calamuswith 18 species and Ficus with 29 species, are particularly species-rich, apparently due to their ability to occupy numerousedaphic and ecological niches. Species of these two genera are also good colonists and so better able to reachButon in the recent past than other species. The plants of the forest indicate that Buton is floristically very similar toSulawesi, with at least 83% of the species found in the forest also being known from Sulawesi. Most of the plant familiesand genera present on Buton are common in SE Asia, indicating colonisation primarily from that continent. Manyfewer families and genera have colonised from the Australasian continent. The conservation of plant diversity is necessaryfor the forest to continue as a functioning ecosystem, to the benefit of the animals of the forest and also the localpeople.

  7. Manajemen Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Dalimunthe, Ritha F.

    2003-01-01

    Sering sekali ada pertanyaan yang mendasar dari para praktisi maupun dari para ilmuan yang belum terjawab tentang tentang bagaimana sebenarnya bentuk yang pas dari manajemen Indonesia? manajemen-ritha6

  8. EMME (Indonesia)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — EMME is a program specific M&E tool for the Indonesia Mission that is managed by RTI and provides access to project statuses and success stories for the USAID...

  9. 超基性岩红土风化壳中镍的表生富集规律及矿化结构研究——以印尼苏拉威西岛Kolonodale矿区为例%Supergene enrichment and mineralization texture of nickel in laterite weathered crust from ultrabasic rocks: A case study of Kolonodale ore district in Sulawesi Island, Indonesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付伟; 牛虎杰; 陈远荣; 雷良奇; 黄小荣; 任小瑞

    2012-01-01

    文章选取印尼苏拉威西岛Kolonodale红土型镍矿区为研究区,对201个浅井剖面共采取3161件风化壳样品,进行了w(Ni)值的测试,以揭示超基性岩红土风化壳中Ni的表生富集规律及矿化结构特征.研究结果表明,在平面上,矿区内风化壳的w(Ni)平均值的高低与地形地貌关系密切.斜坡带、坡脚堆积带的风化壳为含镍高值区,其w(Ni)值为0.8%~1.8%;山顶平台区、山脊的风化壳为含镍低值区,其w(Ni)值为0.7%~1.4%.在垂向上,风化产物的w(Ni)值的高低与取样深度及样品属性密切相关.w(Ni)值随着红土带→腐岩带→基岩带的变化出现低值(0.85%~1.55%)→高值(1.15%~4.75%)→低值(≤0.55%)的波动变化规律.矿层的产状(分布、深度、厚度)与风化壳产状之间表现出明显的正相关关系.矿区内的低品位矿层[1.5%≤w(Ni)≤2.0%]和高品位矿层[w(Ni)≥2.0%]单独或组合发育,产出“正常型双层矿化”、“倒置型双层矿化”、“低品位单层矿化”、“高品位单层矿化”和“叠层矿化”等5种矿化结构类型.综合分析认为,富镁及中等程度蛇纹石化的超基性岩母岩、热带雨林气候环境是矿区内发育富镍红土风化壳的首要条件.吸附、离子交换以及次生沉淀等3种成矿作用的共同发育,导致了红土风化壳中Ni表生矿化的连续性、矿石类型的多样性及特高品位矿石的形成.矿床中矿化结构类型的多样化是区域构造背景、地形地貌、构造发育、水文条件等诸多因素耦合作用的结果.文章指出,在今后的红土型镍矿床的找矿勘查过程中,需要综合考虑各类内、外生控矿因素对矿床发育的影响,总结矿区尺度的矿化结构规律,可有效地指导矿床勘查工作.%The Kolonodale ore deposit, located in Sulawesi Island of Indonesia, was chosen as the research target for the study of the Ni supergene enrichment and

  10. Model for Digital Economy in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Vincent Didiek Wiet Aryanto; Agnes Advensia Chrismastuti

    2011-01-01

    This study introduces the early development of digital economy in Indonesia. e-Business activity is growing at an unprecedented rate in Indonesia as indicated by the number of online real time transactions (Real Time Gross Settlement) recorded by Bank Indonesia (Indonesian Central Bank), the emergence of dotcom companies, and the use of ICT in conventional business (a combination of brick & mortar with click/online). Research was conducted by investigating the digital activities of businesses...

  11. Molecular Scanning of β-Thalassemia in the Southern Region of Central Java, Indonesia; a Step Towards a Local Prevention Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rujito, Lantip; Basalamah, Muhammad; Mulatsih, Sri; Sofro, Abdul Salam M

    2015-01-01

    Thalassemia is the most prevalent genetic blood disorder worldwide, and particularly prevalent in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to determine the spectrum of β-thalassemia (β-thal) mutations found in the southern region of Central Java, Indonesia. The subjects of the study included 209 β-thal Javanese patients from Banyumas Residency, a southwest region of Central Java Province. DNA analysis was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS), and the direct sequencing method. The results showed that 14 alleles were found in the following order: IVS-I-5 (G > C) (HBB: c.92 + 5G > C) 43.5%, codon 26 (Hb E; HBB: c.79G > A) 28.2%, IVS-I-1 (G > A) (HBB: c.92 + 1G > A) 5.0%, codon 15 (TGG > TAG) (HBB: c.47G > A) 3.8%, IVS-I-1 (G > T) (HBB: c.92 + 1G > T) 3.1%, codon 35 (-C) (HBB: c.110delC) 2.4%. The rest, including codons 41/42 (-TTCT) (HBB: c.126_129delCTTT), codons 8/9 (+G) (HBB: c.27_28insG), codon 19 (AAC > AGC) (HBB: c.59A > G), codon 17 (AAG > TAG) (HBB: c.52A > T), IVS-I-2 (T > C) (HBB: c.92 + 2T > C), codons 123/124/125 (-ACCCCACC) (HBB: c.370_378delACCCCACCA), codon 40 (-G) (HBB: c.123delG) and Cap +1 (A > C) (HBB: c.-50A > C), accounted for up to 1.0% each. The most prevalent alleles would be recommended to be used as part of β-thal screening for the Javanese, one of the major ethnic groups in the country.

  12. Problems of Biodiversity Management in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OKID PARAMA ASTIRIN

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is an archipelago of 17.508 islands with land width of 1.9 millions km2 and sea of 3.1 millions km2, having many types of habitat and become one of biodiversity center in the world. There are about 28.000 plants species, 350.000 animals species and about 10.000 microbes predicted lived endemically in Indonesia. The country that represents only 1.32% of the world having 10% of total flowering plants, 12% of mammals, 16% reptiles and amphibian, 17% birds, 25% fishes and 15% of insects in the world. Most of the biodiversity were not investigated and utilized yet. The direct use of the biodiversity is not any risk, and in addition, between government, society and industries sometime does not have the same view and attitude. Habitat destruction and over-exploitation have caused Indonesia having long list of endangered species including 126 birds, 63 mammals and 21 reptiles. The extinction of some species occurred just few years ago like trulek jawa (Vanellus macropterus, insectivore bird (Eutrichomyias rowleyi in North Sulawesi, and tiger sub species (Panthera tigris in Java and Bali. It seems that now is time for all Indonesians to introspect and look for the way that can be used for preserving biodiversity.

  13. Snakes of Sulawesi: checklist, key and additional Biogeographical remarks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, in den H.A.J.

    1985-01-01

    A checklist with concise synonymy and a key to the snakes of Sulawesi is presented, comprising 63 species in 38 genera; 3 subspecies and 15 species, of which one constitutes a monotypic genus, are considered endemic. There is a strong Indo-Malayan relationship. Sea-snakes and Candoia carinata exclud

  14. Tomographic imaging of Central Java, Indonesia: Preliminary result of joint inversion of the MERAMEX and MCGA earthquake data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohadi, Supriyanto [Study Program of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Technology, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No.10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia and Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency, Jl. Angkasa 1 No.2, Kemayoran, Jakarta (Indonesia); Widiyantoro, Sri; Nugraha, Andri Dian [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No.10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Masturyono [Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency, Jl. Angkasa 1 No.2, Kemayoran, Jakarta Pusat (Indonesia)

    2013-09-09

    The realization of local earthquake tomography is usually conducted by removing distant events outside the study region, because these events may increase errors. In this study, tomographic inversion has been conducted using the travel time data of local and regional events in order to improve the structural resolution, especially for deep structures. We used the local MERapi Amphibious EXperiments (MERAMEX) data catalog that consists of 292 events from May to October 2004. The additional new data of regional events in the Java region were taken from the Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency (MCGA) of Indonesia, which consist of 882 events, having at least 10 recording phases at each seismographic station from April 2009 to February 2011. We have conducted joint inversions of the combined data sets using double-difference tomography to invert for velocity structures and to conduct hypocenter relocation simultaneously. The checkerboard test results of Vp and Vs structures demonstrate a significantly improved spatial resolution from the shallow crust down to a depth of 165 km. Our tomographic inversions reveal a low velocity anomaly beneath the Lawu - Merapi zone, which is consistent with the results from previous studies. A strong velocity anomaly zone with low Vp, low Vs and low Vp/Vs is also identified between Cilacap and Banyumas. We interpret this anomaly as a fluid content material with large aspect ratio or sediment layer. This anomaly zone is in a good agreement with the existence of a large dome containing sediment in this area as proposed by previous geological studies. A low velocity anomaly zone is also detected in Kebumen, where it may be related to the extensional oceanic basin toward the land.

  15. Willingness to pay for public health services in rural Central Java, Indonesia: methodological considerations when using the contingent valuation method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shono, Aiko; Kondo, Masahide; Ohmae, Hiroshi; Okubo, Ichiro

    2014-06-01

    In the health sectors of low- and middle-income countries, contingent valuation method (CVM) studies on willingness to pay (WTP) have been used to gather information on demand variation or financial perspectives alongside price setting, such as the introduction of user fees and valuation of quality improvements. However, WTP found in most CVM studies have only explored the preferences that consumers express through their WTP without exploring whether they are actually able to pay for it. Therefore, this study examines the issues pertaining to WTP estimation for health services using the conventional CVM. We conducted 202 household interviews in 2008, in which we asked respondents about three types of public health services in Indonesia and assessed WTP estimated by the conventional CVM as well as in the scenario of "resorting to debt" to recognize their budget constraints. We find that all the demand curves for both WTP scenarios show gaps. Furthermore, the gap for midwife services is negatively affected by household income and is larger for the poor. These results prove that CVM studies on WTP do not always reveal WTP in the latter scenario. Those findings suggest that WTP elicited by the conventional CVM is different to that from the maximum price that prevents respondents from resorting to debt as their WTP. In order to bridge this gap in the body of knowledge on this topic, studies should improve the scenarios that CVM analyses use to explore WTP. Furthermore, because valuing or pricing health services based on the results of CVM studies on WTP alone can exacerbate the inequity of access to these services, information provided by such studies requires careful interpretation when used for this purpose, especially for the poor and vulnerable sections of society.

  16. Tomographic imaging of Central Java, Indonesia: Preliminary result of joint inversion of the MERAMEX and MCGA earthquake data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The realization of local earthquake tomography is usually conducted by removing distant events outside the study region, because these events may increase errors. In this study, tomographic inversion has been conducted using the travel time data of local and regional events in order to improve the structural resolution, especially for deep structures. We used the local MERapi Amphibious EXperiments (MERAMEX) data catalog that consists of 292 events from May to October 2004. The additional new data of regional events in the Java region were taken from the Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency (MCGA) of Indonesia, which consist of 882 events, having at least 10 recording phases at each seismographic station from April 2009 to February 2011. We have conducted joint inversions of the combined data sets using double-difference tomography to invert for velocity structures and to conduct hypocenter relocation simultaneously. The checkerboard test results of Vp and Vs structures demonstrate a significantly improved spatial resolution from the shallow crust down to a depth of 165 km. Our tomographic inversions reveal a low velocity anomaly beneath the Lawu - Merapi zone, which is consistent with the results from previous studies. A strong velocity anomaly zone with low Vp, low Vs and low Vp/Vs is also identified between Cilacap and Banyumas. We interpret this anomaly as a fluid content material with large aspect ratio or sediment layer. This anomaly zone is in a good agreement with the existence of a large dome containing sediment in this area as proposed by previous geological studies. A low velocity anomaly zone is also detected in Kebumen, where it may be related to the extensional oceanic basin toward the land

  17. Stratification and seasonal stability of diverse bacterial communities in a Pinus merkusii (pine) forest soil in central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krave, Agna S; Lin, Bin; Braster, Martin; Laverman, Anniet M; van Straalen, Nico M; Röling, Wilfred F M; van Verseveld, Henk W

    2002-06-01

    In Java, Indonesia, many nutrient-poor soils are intensively reforested with Pinus merkusii (pine). Information on nutrient cycles and microorganisms involved in these cycles will benefit the management of these important forests. Here, seasonal effects on the stratification of bacterial community structure in the soil profile of a tropical pine forest are described, and differences in bacterial communities are related to chemical and physical soil parameters. Culture-independent community profiles of litter, fragmented litter and mineral soil layers were made by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of 16S rDNA-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fragments. The community profiles of the different soil layers clustered separately, correlating with significant differences in organic matter content between the three layers. The bacterial communities appeared to be stable during the wet season of 1998. The drought in 1997, caused by the El Niño climatic effect, did not influence the bacterial communities in fragmentation and mineral soil, although moisture content and other soil parameters were markedly lower than in the wet season. However, communities in litter were influenced by drought. In the litter layer, the moisture content was significantly lower than in the fragmentation and mineral layers during the dry season. A clone library was made from a litter sample taken during the wet season. Partial sequencing of 74 clones and linking the DGGE banding positions of these clones to bands in the DGGE profile of the sample from which the clone library was derived showed considerable bacterial diversity. Alpha-proteobacteria (40.5% of the clones, of which 57% belonged to the Rhizobium-Agrobacterium group) and high-G+C content, Gram-positive bacteria (36.5%) dominated the clone library. PMID:12071981

  18. Indonesia; Recent Economic Developments

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    1995-01-01

    This paper reviews economic developments in Indonesia during 1994–96. Following the easing of domestic demand pressures, the focus of monetary policy shifted in early 1993/94 to supporting economic growth, as concerns developed over an incipient weakening of export performance and output. At the same time, the fiscal position was strengthened. Reflecting the strong growth in non-oil/gas revenue, the overall central government deficit, excluding oil/gas revenue, declined by 2 percentage poin...

  19. Development and application of a fecal antigen diagnostic sandwich ELISA for estimating prevalence of Fasciola gigantica in cattle in central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estuningsih, Endah; Spithill, Terry; Raadsma, Herman; Law, Ruby; Adiwinata, G; Meeusen, Els; Piedrafita, David

    2009-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of an ELISA test to detect Fasciola gigantica antigens (coproantigens) in bovine feces, with fecal egg counting and an ELISA for detecting anti-F. gigantica antibodies in serum. Monoclonal antibodies to cathepsin L were generated and used to capture this antigen in feces of infected cattle. Blood, feces, and livers were collected from 150 cattle at an abattoir in Jakarta, Indonesia, for anti-Fasciola antibodies, coproantigen detection, and F. gigantica egg and worm counts. Fluke recovery varied from 1 to 426 per host, with a mean of 32 flukes. The results showed that the sensitivity and specificity of coproantigen detecting ELISA (95 and 91%, respectively) was better than the anti-F. gigantica antibody ELISA (91 and 88%, respectively) and to fecal egg counting (87 and 100%, respectively). The coproantigen ELISA was able to detect 100% of the cattle with >15 flukes. A survey of 305 cattle in central Java over a 10-mo period validated this test in the field, demonstrating a high prevalence of fascioliasis and establishing the test as a useful diagnostic method to determine patent F. gigantica infections in cattle.

  20. to Cocoa Pod Borer Infestation in Central Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Wahyu Soesilo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Black pod rot disease (BPRD which is caused by Phytophthora palmivora is one of the main diseases of cocoa cultivations particularly in plantations with wet climate. Black pod rot can develop rapidly under high humidity environments, particularly during rainy seasons. This disease can cause loss of harvest of up to 46.63% in East Java. The various control efforts attempted so far have not resulted in significant improvements. Urea, in addition to functioning as fertilizer, can also produce the ammonia gas which is believed to be able to suppress black pod rot. This research aims to determine the effectiveness of black pod rot control using the combination of lime and urea. This research was conducted from June to September 2013. The materials used in test included sterile soil, black pod rot infected cocoa, urea, and agricultural lime. Observation results showed that ammonia could form from urea. Lime can increase the speed of the formation. The ammonia gas forming from 0.06% urea and 0.3% lime can control the P. palmivora fungus inside the soil. Key words: Pod rot, P. palmivora, urea, lime, ammonia

  1. Physics Laboratory Investigation of Vocational High School Field Stone and Concrete Construction Techniques in the Central Java Province (Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purwandari, Ristiana Dyah

    2015-01-01

    The investigation aims in this study were to uncover the observations of infrastructures and physics laboratory in vocational high school for Stone and Concrete Construction Techniques Expertise Field or Teknik Konstruksi Batu dan Beton (TKBB)'s in Purwokerto Central Java Province, mapping the Vocational High School or Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan…

  2. Model of Ecotourism Management in Small Islands of Bunaken National Park, North Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diane Tangian

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Bunaken National Park is one of the famous national park for tourism in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. The abundance natural resources is one of the crucial natural attraction for tourism in Bunaken. Tourism in Bunaken contributes significantly in local economic development. In the same situation, however, tourism contributes negatively to environment. Tourist activities contributes significantly in coral reef covers. Utilization of natural resources as an object and attraction needs to be done carefully, taking into account the balance of ecological, socio-economic and socio-cultural. The concept of ecotourism with three aspects of development were important in aspect in Bunaken National Park tourism development. The management of the park tour needs to be done based on the concept and principles of ecotourism. The Bunaken National Park tourist management model simulated by the dynamic system with the Powersim Constructor software show the number of tourist 2035 reached 27,152.98, extensive coral cover 447.87ha, the local community incomes Rp 15,834,861,419.63 and government revenues Rp 1,751,770,691.04. Keywords: conservation area, ecotourism, powersim model, sustainable management.

  3. A molecular and antigenic survey of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus isolates from smallholder duck farms in Central Java, Indonesia during 2007-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junaidi Akhmad

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Indonesia is one of the countries most severely affected by H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI virus in terms of poultry and human health. However, there is little information on the diversity of H5N1 viruses circulating in backyard farms, where chickens and ducks often intermingle. In this study, H5N1 virus infection occurring in 96 smallholder duck farms in central Java, Indonesia from 2007-2008 was investigated and the molecular and antigenic characteristics of H5N1 viruses isolated from these farms were analysed. Results All 84 characterised viruses belonged to H5N1 clade 2.1 with three virus sublineages being identified: clade 2.1.1 (1, clade 2.1.3 (80, and IDN/6/05-like viruses (3 that did not belong to any of the present clades. All three clades were found in ducks, while only clade 2.1.3 was isolated from chickens. There were no significant amino acid mutations of the hemagglutinin (HA and neuraminidase (NA sites of the viruses, including the receptor binding, glycosylation, antigenic and catalytic sites and NA inhibitor targets. All the viruses had polybasic amino acids at the HA cleavage site. No evidence of major antigenic variants was detected. Based on the HA gene, identical virus variants could be found on different farms across the study sites and multiple genetic variants could be isolated from HPAI outbreaks simultaneously or at different time points from single farms. HPAI virus was isolated from both ducks and chickens; however, the proportion of surviving duck cases was considerably higher than in chickens. Conclusions The 2.1.3 clade was the most common lineage found in this study. All the viruses had sequence characteristic of HPAI, but negligible variations in other recognized amino acids at the HA and NA proteins which determine virus phenotypes. Multiple genetic variants appeared to be circulating simultaneously within poultry communities. The high proportion of live duck cases compared to

  4. ATTEMPTS TO IDENTIFY WILDLIFE RESERVOIRS OF RABIES IN INDONESIA

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    S. W. Joseph

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Penyakit rabies telah dikenal di Indonesia sejak tahun 1889, dan mengingat tidak adanya data yang diteliti mengenai penderita rabies, maka perlu dilakukan suatu penelitian. Penelitian dilakukan oleh NAMRU-2 bersama Departemen Kesehatan dari tahun 1970-1972 untuk menentukan pengaruh penyakit-penyakit Zoonotic yang endemic pada penduduk yang tidak immune yang sering berpindah ke hutan atau tempat yang tidak ada penduduknya. Penelitian di lakukan pada beberapa daerah pegunungan Jawa Barat, Jawa Timur, Lampung, Maluku, Kalimantan Tengah, Timor dan Sulawesi Tengah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari 328 binatang yang diperoleh dari 28 berbagai daerah di Indonesia setelah diadakan pemeriksaan dengan metode fluorecent antibody technique {fat dan inokuler pada tikus putih ternyata tidak ditemukan virus rabies. Binatang-binatang yang ditemukan tersebut dan kebiasaan hidupnya di lukiskan secara terperinci pada hasil penelitian ini.

  5. Capacity Development and Strengthening for Energy Policy formulation and implementation of Sustainable Energy Projects in Indonesia CASINDO. Deliverable No. 24. Energy Efficiency in Central Java

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Windarto, Joko; Nugroho, Agung; Hastanto, Ari; Mahartoto, Gigih [Diponegoro University, Semarang (Indonesia)

    2012-01-15

    The overall objective of the CASINDO programme is to establish a self-sustaining and self-developing structure at both the national and regional level to build and strengthen human capacity to enable the provinces of North Sumatra, Yogyakarta, Central Java, West Nusa Tenggara and Papua to formulate sound policies for renewable energy and energy efficiency and to develop and implement sustainable energy projects. Energy has a very important role and has become a basic necessity in national sustainable development. Therefore, energy should be used sparingly and in a rational manner so that present and future energy demand can be met. Given the importance of using energy efficiently Government needs to devise a framework regulating the utilization of energy resources through the efficient application of technology and stimulating energy-saving behaviours. The purpose of this technical working group in CASINDO project is to research the steps and policy measures needed to improve the efficiency of electrical energy consumption in the household, industrial, and commercial buildings sector for Central Java. The government's efforts in promoting energy efficiency in Indonesia are still hampered by public awareness factor. This study exists to promote public awareness of energy efficiency by describing the financial benefits and possibilities of savings energies in order to support the government's energy saving program, replacement of old equipment that uses high power consumption with a new low-power one, reduction of unnecessary lighting, appreciation to the people who find and develop energy-efficient power utilization, persuade industries to uses the speed controller driver for production and fan motor to streamline the electrical energy usage.

  6. Herbarium Celebense (CEB) and its role in supporting research on plant diversity of Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    RAMADHANIL; S. ROBERT GRADSTEIN

    2004-01-01

    Sulawesi is the largest island in Wallacea region and a biogeographically unique area. The island is very rich in endemic species, worldwide known only known from Sulawesi. Nevertheless, scientific knowledge of the plants of Sulawesi is still limited and there is a lack of botanical exploration and publications. In 2000, Tadulako University of Palu with support of the German Research Foundation (DFG), the Universities of Göttingen and Leiden and the Herbarium Bogoriense, has constructed a her...

  7. Public Expenditure and Regional Development (Studies In Education Sector in South Sulawesi)

    OpenAIRE

    Yunus, Muhammad

    2015-01-01

    South Sulawesi government has placed education as a top priority of regional development. In the Medium Term Development Plan of South Sulawesi 2008-2013, the education sector together with the health sector occupies the first agenda of the seven regional development agenda. To ensure that all children who are at school age actually attending school, South Sulawesi government since 2008 has implemented a policy of free education in all districts / cities. In real terms, the proportion of the ...

  8. PROFIL AROMA DAN MUTU SENSORI CITARASA PASTA KAKAO UNGGULAN DARI BEBERAPA DAERAH DI INDONESIA [Aroma and Flavor Sensory Profiles of Superior Cocoa Liquors from Different Regions in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Intan Kusumaningrum*

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to compare the aroma profiles and flavor sensory qualities of three cocoa liquors obtained from different regions in Indonesia, namely East Java, South Sulawesi and Bali. The Ghanaian cocoa liquor was used as the reference. The aroma of cocoa liquors was extracted by using a Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME, followed by detection with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry/Olfactometry (GC-MS/O with the Nassal Impact Frequency (NIF method. A total of 28 aroma active compounds in the cocoa liquors were identified, where in 21, 19, 22 and 18 compounds were detected in East Java, Bali, South Sulawesi and Ghana liquors, respectively. The profiles of these three liquors were not only different from one another but were also different from the reference. East Java liquor had a specific aroma of strong chocolate, enriched with creamy, caramel and coffee bean aroma, whileBali liquor was dominated by creamy, caramel and sweet, and South Sulawesi liquor was specified by its sweet green aroma. The aroma sensory characteristic was evaluated by descriptive test, presenting the aroma of nutty, acid, caramel, earthy and chocolate, while the taste sensory attributes included astringency, bitterness and acidity. The sensory profile analysis was carried out by applying a Quantitative Descriptive Analysis (QDA method. Accompired with preference and ranking tests were also conducted. Among the three cocoa liquors, the sensory profile of South Sulawesi was the most similar to that of Ghanaian cocoa liquor. However, the cocoa liquor from Bali and East Java cocoa were more preferred comparing to the liquor from South Sulawesi.

  9. How do laboratory technicians perceive their role in tuberculosis diagnostic process: a cross-sectional study among laboratory technicians in health centers of Central Java Province, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Widjanarko B; Widyastari DA; Martini M.; Ginandjar P

    2016-01-01

    Bagoes Widjanarko,1 Dyah Anantalia Widyastari,2 Martini Martini,3 Praba Ginandjar3 1Department of Health Education and Behavior Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia; 2Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Salaya, Thailand; 3Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia Purpose: Detection of acid-fast bacilli in respiratory specimens serves as an initial pulmonary tuberculos...

  10. Pengaruh Aktivitas Wisatawan Terhadap Keanekaragaman Tumbuhan Di Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    Regina Rosita Butarbutar; Soemarno Soemarno

    2013-01-01

    Tourist arrival and its effects on the sustainability of biodiversity in Sulawesi is one of the interesting public issues discussed at this time. Object of the most visited by tourists are protected forest ecotourism. In a protected forest tour are endemic plant and animal species that must be protected and preserved in order to sustain their ecosystem.  Forest ecosystem suggests the dynamic interactions between plants, animals, and microorganisms and their abiotic environment working togethe...

  11. PROFIL STATUS GIZI PETANI DI JENEPONTO, SULAWESI SELATAN

    OpenAIRE

    Dadang Sukandar

    2012-01-01

    NUTRITIONAL STATUS PROFILE OF FARMERS IN JENEPONTO, SOUTH SULAWESI.Background: Social-economic and nutritional status of farmers in coastal area are still big problem in Jeneponto district. Special Program for Food Security (SPFS) under Food and Agriculture Organization has been being Implemented since 2000 to overcome the problems. Objectives: 1) to asses socio-economic, 2) to esess nutritional status of community and 3) to improve nutritional knowledge of farmers on food, nutrition, sanitat...

  12. Sebaran Spasial Komunitas Lamun di Pulau Bone Batang Sulawesi Selatan

    OpenAIRE

    Priosambodo, Dody

    2014-01-01

    The research has been conducted in Bone Batang Island, South Sulawesi. The aim of this research was to investigate the influence of habitat characteristic and environmental factor especially assosiated fauna to the seagrass species composition and its spatial distribution. Data of seagrass density were taken from 8 stations around island reef flat. Seagrass species composition in different type of habitat were analysed using Bray-Curtis Similarity Index with non-Metric Multi-dimen...

  13. Gynecological cancer in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Aziz, M. Farid

    2009-01-01

    To overview the status of gynecologic cancer in Indonesia. Information regarding Indonesia obtained from World Bank Report and Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2007, epidemiological data obtained from Histopathological Data of Cancer in Indonesia 2002, Department of Health-Registry Body of Indonesian Specialist of Pathology Association-Indonesian Cancer Society; Various Hospitals in big Cities in Indonesia. Indonesia is an Archipelago with a total area of 1,922,570.00 km2, the population is ...

  14. Stratigraphy and Tectonics of the Sengkang Basin, South Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suyono Suyono

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v5i1.89Sulawesi was formed during the Oligocene - Miocene collision between the Eurasian Plate and micro-continental fragments detached from the Indian-Australian Plate. The Sengkang Basin situated on the South Sulawesi Province, was formed by a major north northwest - south southeast trending fault system of the Walanae Fault Zone, which was followed by the formation of Late Neogene foreland basin and syn-orogenic deposition. The fault system separated the eastern and western parts of South Sulawesi and influenced the deposition during the Late Miocene to Quaternary. The lower part of the deposition unit consists of small carbonate reefs of the Tacipi Member occupying the East Sengkang Basin, where this shallow marine facies is intercalated within or overlies marine claystones representing the base of the Walanae Formation. The middle sequence is interpreted as a delta foreset consisting of the Samaoling and Beru Members. During the deposition of these two members, the northern part of the Sengkang Basin gradually changed from a tidal and deltaic to fluvial environments. Furthermore, the upper sequence of this sedimentary unit is dominated by fluvial deposits.

  15. Sustainable Education Systems For The Unfortunate In South Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Rasyid Pananrangi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was (1 to explain some basic issues faced by the education policy makers in South Sulawesi, including the introduction of school fees and the private provision of schools; (2 to outline the relation between planning and budgeting for the educational policy objectives on the one hand and the economic planning and management of resources on the other; (3 to discuss the influence of this policy for the unfortunate in obtaining education. This study was carried in South Sulawesi. A descriptive approach was used in this study. The data were collected through library research and observation. The obtained data were then analyzed and presented descriptively. The results show that the available approach is not adequate to accommodate and to provide the opportunity of education for the unfortunate in South Sulawesi. The full or partial replacement of annual incremental planning and budgeting systems were still less appropriate to current problems. Reforms should also take full account of the need to strengthen a potentially beneficial relationship between the state and the private sectors.

  16. Roles of Neighborhood Group to Promote Participatory Development in Indonesia: Case of Three Villages in Purbalingga District, Central Java Province

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    Sutiyo

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Neighborhood Group (Rukun Tetangga/RT, an association of fifties households living in the same areas, is expected to promote participatory development in Indonesian decentralization. This study aims to analyze whether it could promote participatory development. To do so, a case study was conducted in three villages, namely Kedarpan, Serang and Sumilir, in Purbalingga district of Central Java province. Totally 240 household heads in 24RTs were randomly selected to be the respondents. Data were analyzed through qualitative and quantitative techniques. Three main findings emerge from this study. Firstly, community involvement was pseudo participation emphasizing more on resource mobilization but less in generating idea and controlling the government. Secondly, capacity of RTheads was good enough in term of informativeness, encouragement, fairness, creativity, responsiveness and submission to consensus, but slightly poor in term of accountability. Thirdly, RT was not able to empower community, so community understanding to decentralization terms, development programs and village governance was generally poor. Although some potentialities were found,it can be generally concluded thatRT is not completely successful in promoting participatory development.Complexities of institutional problems, whichinclude weak capacity, trouble in technical regulations and lack of support from government, are among the factors hampering RT to play its role. Thus, hand in hand with capacity development ofRThead, the government is supposed to establish regulations supporting the empowerment of RT, and involving other rural institutions to help performing the roles that still cannot be played by RT.

  17. THE DIMENSION OF COOPERATIVISM AND DAIRY CATTLE FARMING IN GETASAN VILLAGE, SEMARANG REGENCY, CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Gayatri

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The study was aimed to explore the role of cooperativism in dairy cattle farming in Getasan village,Semarang Regency, Central Java Province. Spearman Rank Correlation test was used to determine therelationship between cooperativism and the performance of dairy cattle farming. Based on the results ofthe Spearman Rank correlation test, feeds and feeding practices were significantly correlated withsharing of knowledge and information and sharing of resources. However, no significant relationshipwas found between participation in decision making and feeds and feeding practices. Meanwhile, therewere significant relationships amog sharing of knowledge and information, sharing of resources, andparticipation in decision making and milk production in Getasan Village. The dairy health asperformance indicator of dairy cattle farming, sharing of knowledge and information was the onlysignificant factor. Sharing of resources and participation in decision making had no significantrelationship with dairy health. As regards marketing, the test showed that sharing of knowledge andinformation, sharing of resources, and participation in decision making were significantly relatedfactors. This study indicated that cooperativism may provide opportunities for farmers to accessservices, information and resources that will allow them to improve their capacities in these areas. Thisstudy also proposed some recommendations that the cooperatives should promote activities encouraginggreater cooperation and mutual understanding among the members. Skills trainings and education forempowerment should be conducted to encourage participation in decision making.

  18. Volcanostratigraphic Sequences of Kebo-Butak Formation at Bayat Geological Field Complex, Central Java Province and Yogyakarta Special Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Mulyaningsih

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Bayat Complex is usually used as a work field for students of geology and other geosciences. The study area is located in the southern part of the Bayat Complex. Administratively, it belongs to Central Java Province and Yogyakarta Special Province. The lithology of Bayat is very complex, composed of various kinds of igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, and volcanic rocks. Most of previous researchers interpreted Bayat as a melange complex constructed within a subduction zone. Kebo-Butak is one of formations that forms the Bayat field complex. The formation is composed of basalt, layers of pumice, tuff, shale, and carbonaceous tuff. Most of them are known as volcanic rocks. These imply that volcanic activities are more probable to construct the geology of Bayat rather than the subducted melange complex. The geological mapping, supported by geomorphology, petrology, stratigraphy, and geological structures, had been conducted in a comprehensive manner using the deduction-induction method. The research encounters basalt, black pumice, tuff with basaltic glasses fragments, zeolite, argilic clay, as well as feldspathic- and pumice tuff. Petrographically, the basalt is composed of labradorite, olivine, clinopyroxene, and volcanic glass. Black pumice and tuff contain prismatic clinopyroxene, granular olivine, and volcanic glasses. Feldspathic tuff and pumice tuff are crystal vitric tuff due to more abundant feldspar, quartz, and amphibole than volcanic glass. Zeolite comprises chlorite and altered glasses as deep sea altered volcanic rocks. The geologic structure is very complex, the major structures are normal faults with pyrite in it. There were two deep submarine paleovolcanoes namely Tegalrejo and Baturagung. The first paleovolcano erupted effusively producing basaltic sequence, while the second one erupted explosively ejecting feldspathic-rich pyroclastic material. The two paleovolcanoes erupted simultaneously and repeatedly.

  19. Greening Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sihombing, Samuel

    2014-01-01

    For hundreds years, most of farmers in Indonesia have their own system of farming and they were so closed to the nature. Even farmers co-exist with nature by mutual need. The natural farming principal is done by a very stick ritual religious in every moment of their life. Farming is a part of faith. Unfortunately, this natural farming principal dramatically decreasead and even disappeared with the appereance of the green revolution policy which supported by the regime of Government.

  20. Nowcasting Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Luciani, Matteo; Pundit, Madhavi; Ramayandi, Arief; Veronese, Giovanni

    2015-01-01

    We produce predictions of the current state of the Indonesian economy by estimating a Dynamic Factor Model on a dataset of 11 indicators (also followed closely by market operators) over the time period 2002 to 2014. Besides the standard difficulties associated with constructing timely indicators of current economic conditions, Indonesia presents additional challenges typical to emerging market economies where data are often scant and unreliable. By means of a pseudo-real-time forecasting exer...

  1. Pengaruh Nilai Pelanggan Kepuasan Terhadap Loyalitas Nasabah Tabungan Perbankan Di Sulawesi Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alida Palilati

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of service quality%2C consumers satisfaction and service loyalty is related to each other. The correlation between consumers value and loyalty is also effected by product characteristic and its purchasing pattern. If the purchase the purchase constitute a habitual activity%2C the customers are likely to be loyal to the brand / company. The research is analizing correlation pattern between value variables of product attributes%2C satisfaction level and bank customers loyalty in South Sulawesi. The data was collected incindentally at random from 1.364 samples and analized by using lisrel program 8.30. The analysis result revealed that the value of performance of saving deposit service attribute received by depositors is positively and significantly affected the adequate satisfaction level and desired satisfaction level. The adequate satisfaction level and desired satisfaction level is significantly and negatively affected toward consumers loyalty in South Sulawesi. This is because the expectation desired by the consumers has yet to be net attribute performance so that dissatisfaction of the constitutes mediator and moderator variable for the relation between value and loyalty. It is also discovered that value and loyalty of the consumers has a significant and positive relation. As a result of dissatisfaction on attribute performance of saving deposit service%2C the loyalty of consumers in declining. The dominant factor toward satisfaction adequate level as well as satisfaction desired level is variable of staff professionalism in doing the responsibility. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Konsep tentang kualitas jasa%2C kepuasan pelanggan dan loyalitas jasa saling berhubungan satu dengan lainnya. Hubungan antara nilai pelanggan dan loyalitas dipengaruhi pula oleh karakteristik produk dan pola pembeliannya. Jika pembelian merupakan suatu kegiatan rutin (habit maka kemungkinan pelanggan akan loyal kepada merek/perusahaan. Penelitian ini

  2. Complex emergencies in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradt, D A; Drummond, C M; Richman, M

    2001-01-01

    Recently, Indonesia has experienced six major provincial, civil, armed conflicts. Underlying causes include the transmigration policy, sectarian disputes, the Asian economic crisis, fall of authoritarian rule, and a backlash against civil and military abuses. The public health impact involves the displacement nationwide of > 1.2 million persons. Violence in the Malukus, Timor, and Kalimantan has sparked the greatest population movements such that five provinces in Indonesia each now harbor > 100,000 internally displaced persons. With a background of government instability, hyperinflation, macroeconomic collapse, and elusive political solutions, these civil armed conflicts are ripe for persistence as complex emergencies. Indonesia has made substantial progress in domestic disaster management with the establishment of central administrative authority, strategic planning, and training programs. Nevertheless, the Indonesian experience reveals recurrent issues in international humanitarian health assistance. Clinical care remains complicated by absences of treatment protocols, inappropriate drug use, high procedural complication rates, and variable referral practices. Epidemiological surveillance remains complicated by unsettled clinical case definitions, non-standardized case management of diseases with epidemic potential, variable outbreak management protocols, and inadequate epidemiological analytic capacity. International donor support has been semi-selective, insufficient, and late. The militia murders of three UN staff in West Timor prompted the withdrawal of UN international staff from West Timor for nearly a year to date. Re-establishing rules of engagement for humanitarian health workers must address security, public health, and clinical threats.

  3. Indonesia: persues ICPD Action Programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-09-01

    Since the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), the focus of Indonesia's population policies have utilized people- and family-centered approaches, emphasizing poverty alleviation as a central challenge for development initiatives. However, the ongoing economic crisis in the country is hampering its efforts to extend reproductive health services to the people. The crisis also resulted in loss of jobs, price increases, and a drop in the purchasing power of families. Despite these conditions, Indonesia will still pursue its implementation of the ICPD Program of Action, and the international community should help the country achieve the goals of the ICPD amidst the economic crisis. PMID:12157874

  4. KELUHAN DAN KEPATUHAN PENDERITA MALARIA TERHADAP PENGOBATAN MALARIA ARTESUNAT-AMODIAKUIN DI KALIMANTAN DAN SULAWESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Raini

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Drug resistance is one of the global problems, particularly in communicable diseases control including Indonesian malaria elimination program. Since 2004, Artesunate-Amodiaquine (AS+AQ, an Artemisinin based Combination Therapy (ACT, has been used in Indonesia as recommended by the WHO for treatment of acute uncomplicated malaria, replacing of chloroquine resistant antimalarial. Since then, implementation of AS+AQ has never been evaluated. It was reported that AS+AQ coverage was 33,7% because the patients did not comply due to adverse events, and the combination therapy was not a single formulation (fixed-dose. Therefore, there is a need to assess and evaluate the compliance of AS+AQ on subjects malaria treated with AS+AQ at Health Center (Puskesmas sentinel sites in Kalimantan and Sulawesi.  This was a cross-sectional and non intervention observational study. There were 99 malaria subjects participated in this study.  All subjects were treated with 3 days regimen AS+AQ as the national malaria treatment guideline, and they were followed-up on days 3, 7 and 28. Indepth interview was done in several subjects  as informants and staff of puskesmas for knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP of AS+AQ used. Of the 99 malaria subjects evaluated, there were 34 P. falciparum, 36 P. vivax, and 29 mixed infection malaria subjects. Almost all the study subjects (92,9%  completed the therapy. There were 2 subjects withdrawn due to serious adverse event (SAE, 4 subjects were withdrawn because of having severe untolerable adverse events and 1 subject because of lost to follow up. About 84% subjects experienced clinical complaints after AS+AQ administered. Most of the complaints were mild to moderate and tolerable. Overall, the compliance of the 3-day AS+AQ regimen was moderately satisfied. AbstrakResistensi obat merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan di dunia, khususnya  dalam pengendalian penyakit menular termasuk program pemberantasan malaria di Indonesia

  5. The Influence of ENSO/IOD on SST Signal in Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi Waters: 27-year-records of Sr/Ca from Porites corals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Yudawati Cahyarini

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available DOI:10.17014/ijog.2.1.43-51Indonesia is an interesting and important location for a climate study, because it is located in the centre of a warm pool and adjacent to Pacific and Indian Oceans. Long records of climate data are required from this region to more understand the climate variability and the response of global warming. Geochemical proxies derived from Porites corals are believed to be an excellent climate recorder. Sr/Ca content in Porites corals from Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi shows that seasonal variability of SST is resolved by coral Sr/Ca from this region. The monsoon strongly influences reconstructed SST from coral Sr/Ca. Coral SST shows strong power spectrum at the 2.75 year period. Annual to interannual coral SST signal is stronger than the decadal to interdecadal signal. Both ENSO and IOD influence coral SST at two-month and three-month lags respectively.

  6. A photovoltaic power system and a low-power satellite earth station for Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delombard, Richard; Everson, Kent

    1985-01-01

    A photovoltaic power system and a low-power, two-way satellite earth station have been installed at Wawotobi, Sulawesi, Indonesia to provide university classroom communications for audio teleconferencing and video graphics. This project is a part of the Agency for International Development's Rural Satellite Program. The purpose of this program is to demonstrate the use of satellite communications for development assistance applications. The purpose of the photovoltaic power system is to demonstrate the suitability of a hybrid photovoltaic/engine-generator power system for a remote satellite earth station. This paper describes the design, installation and initial operation of the photovoltaic power system and the earth station.

  7. Can Indonesia Decentralize? Plans, Problems, and Prospects

    OpenAIRE

    James Alm; Aten, Robert H.; Roy Bahl

    2000-01-01

    Indonesia is engaged in an unprecedented major social and economic experiment in which much authority and responsibility for its governmental expenditures are being decentralized from the national government, largely to the local government level rather than the provincial government level. From being the most centralized large country in the world, Indonesia is likely to become one of the most decentralized if this process is successful. This paper addresses the major issues that are arising...

  8. A new species of Lamprodila (Ovalisia Kerremans, 1900) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) from Sulawesi, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levey, Brian

    2016-01-01

    There have been a number of fairly recent papers dealing with Ovalisia Kerremans, 1900 under different generic or subgeneric names: Bílý (1993, as Pagdeniella Théry, 1935; 1997, as Ovalisia), Bílý et al. (2009, as Lamprodila (Ovalisia), Hołyński (2000, 2011a, 2011b, as Ovalisia). Hołyński (2011a, 2011b) has a number of misgivings over using the name Lamprodila Motschulsky 1860 for the genus containing the subgenus Ovalisia Kerremans, however as there does not appear to be any objective way to confirm or refute Hołyński's views concerning Motschulsky's intentions when he coined the name Lamprodila, I choose to follow the recent catalogues of Kubáň 2006 and Bellamy 2008 who treat Ovalisia Kerremans, 1900 as a subgenus of Lamprodila. PMID:27394295

  9. Ambition, Regulation and Reality. Complex use of land and water resources in Luwu, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roth, D.

    2003-01-01

    In this book I present three case studies of the complex regulation of use of land and water resources in Luwu. Attention to the role of legalcomplexity -the existence of different sources and definitions of normative-legal regulation in

  10. Property and authority in a migrant society: Balinese irrigators in Sulawesi, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roth, D.

    2009-01-01

    Multiple definitions of resources as property lead to competition over legitimate authority between state and non-state organizational and institutional arrangements. This article focuses on the overlapping and competing domains of the water users' association, WUA, and the 'traditional' Balinese ir

  11. Chemical sexualities: the use of pharmaceutical and cosmetic products by youth in South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Hardon; N.I. Idrus; T.D. Hymans

    2013-01-01

    Although young people in their everyday lives consume a bewildering array of pharmaceutical, dietary and cosmetic products to self-manage their bodies, moods and sexuality, these practices are generally overlooked by sexual and reproductive health programmes. Nevertheless, this self-management can i

  12. Ambition, Regulation and Reality. Complex use of land and water resources in Luwu, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Roth, D.

    2003-01-01

    In this book I present three case studies of the complex regulation of use of land and water resources in Luwu. Attention to the role of legalcomplexity -the existence of different sources and definitions of normative-legal regulation in the same socio-political space - is an important conceptual point of departure of this study. Each of the three case study sections contains specific conclusions pertaining to the issues involved. The last chapter of the book (chapter 11) is primarily a refle...

  13. Numerical simulation of marine currents in the Bunaken Strait, North Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rompas, P. T. D.; Manongko, J. D. I.

    2016-04-01

    This study intended for the generation of hydroelectric power at suitable area of the strait in order to provide electric current to a close environment. The project uses a three-dimensional model of taking flow into account the variation of hydrostatic pressure in the liquid vertical layers. We brought back to a two-dimensional calculation using the shallow water equations. The objectives of the study are getting simultaneous obtaining the velocities of currents by the component of velocities and distributions of the kinetic energy from the numerical results. The Bunaken strait is 5280 m width for an average depth of 130 m. Numerical calculation is simulated using horizontal meshes of 60 side meters. The numerical solutions obtained by using a time step of one second. It found that there was no great difference between 2D and 3D numerical simulations because the effect of flow velocity in the vertical direction is very small. The numerical results have shown that the average current velocities when low and high tide currents are 1.46 m/s and 0.85 m/s respectively. The kinetic energy ranged from 0.01 to 2.54 kW/m2 when low and high tide in the Bunaken strait area at discharge of 1 Sv, whereas at discharge 2 Sv, 0.11-17.40 kW/m2 and 0.11-2.77 kW/m2 (when low and high tide currents). These results can used in the design of turbines for power generation marine currents in the Bunaken strait at depths below 60 meters.

  14. Institutional Analysis Of Policy In Asphalt Mining District Buton Southeast Sulawesi Province Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Aris Mahmud; . Suratman; Muh.Yunus; Alwi

    2015-01-01

    Abstract This study aims to determine the institutional form of formal informal institutional and transaction costs in mining policy implementation asphalt in Buton with reference to the institutional theory. This study used a qualitative research method with a case study approach. The technique of collecting data through in-depth interviews and documentation. Data were analyzed by using data reduction data presentation verification or conclusion. The results showed that the formal institutio...

  15. Economic valuation of Mangroves for comparison with commercial aquaculture in south Sulawesi, Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malik, Abdul; Fensholt, Rasmus; Mertz, Ole

    2015-01-01

    and decreased mainly due to conversion to aquaculture. Currently, little is known about the economic benefits of commercialization of aquaculture as compared to those derived from mangroves in the form of products and services. Here, we estimate the Total Economic Value (TEV) of mangrove benefits in order...... Present Value (NPV) between the benefit value of mangroves and that of commercial aquaculture revealed that conversion of mangroves into commercial aquaculture was not economically beneficial when the analysis was expanded to cover the costs of environmental and forest rehabilitation....

  16. Epidemiology study of leprosy patients in the district of Bombana Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramadhan Tosepu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Leprosy remains a public health problem in Bombana. In 2011 cases of leprosy were recorded for 34 cases or 2.4 per 10.000 population. In January 2012, the number of patients with infectious diseases is increased to 53 cases. Methods: The method used is a survey method with cross sectional approach, with a total sample of 34 people. The epidemiological characteristics of respondents surveyed consisted of the characteristics (gender, knowledge, and personal hygiene, the characteristics of the place (population density, and the characteristic time diagnosed (months. Results: The results showed that the characteristics of lepers many male sex (55.9%, elementary education (58.8%, had less knowledge about the disease (76.5%, did not work (52.9%, personal hygiene enough (85.3%, residential density has not qualified (88.2% and most likely to be diagnosed in the period January to March (41.2%. Conclusion: The incidence of leprosy in Bombana is still very high and therefore required a treatment in patients on a regular basis and it takes effort to prevent the spread of the disease that can be restricted. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(5.000: 1262-1265

  17. STUDI TENTANG FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENAMPILAN KERJA DOKTER PTT DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulistyawati H.

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The medical doctor in health centre (HC is the most important key person to improve and maintain the  HC performance. Since 1992, the Ministry of Health of Indonesia (MOH-RI has implemented a contract scheme for medical doctor in the HC. This study is an explorative study in searching major factors influencing the performance of contract medical doctor. Another objective of this study is to develop an approriate supervision model of the contract medical doctor in HC. Respondent consist of key policy makers at MOH-RI, provincial health officer and district health officer from Central Kalimantan, East Nusa Tenggara and South-East Sulawesi. Other respondent are 280 contract medical doctors who has been worked more than one year from 11 selected provinces. Focus group discussion, indepth interview and observation are used as the main methods for data collection at the policy makers level. Mailing questionaires are sent to the contract medical doctor as the main data collection method. The result of this study shows that age, motivation before and during employment, boring situation, job satisfaction and overtime of works are significant factors in influencing the performance of contract medical doctors. The most important finding is the uncertainty of post employment contract that made low performance of contract medical doctors. The creation of good environment, team works, good and appropriate supervision, and orientation of the HC programs in matching with the need and demand of the local problems should be carried out in improving the contract medical doctors in HC. Post employment contract should be prepared appropriately by the MOH-RI in order to increase the performance of contract medical doctor optimally.  Key Word: contract medical doctor, performance.

  18. Determinants of child malnutrition during the 1999 economic crisis in selected poor areas of Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardosono, Saptawati; Sastroamidjojo, Soemilah; Lukito, Widjaja

    2007-01-01

    There is empirical evidence at the national level that suggests the 1999 Indonesian economic crisis impact was very heterogeneous both between urban and rural areas and across regions. A cross sectional study of the nutritional status of children and its determinants was performed in urban poor areas of Jakarta, and rural areas of Banggai in Central Sulawesi, and Alor-Rote in East Nusa Tenggara. Two-stage cluster sampling was used to obtain 1078 households with under-five children in the urban poor area of Jakarta, and 262 and 631 households with under-five children each for the rural areas of Banggai and Alor-Rote, respectively. Data collection for both studies was performed from January 1999 to June 2001. The study shows that wasting affected more children in the urban poor areas of Jakarta than in the other study areas. On the other hand, stunting and anemia were significantly more severe among children 6-59 months of age in the rural area of Alor-Rote compared to the other study areas. The high prevalence of infectious diseases was significantly related to the higher prevalence of wasting in the study areas of Jakarta and Banggai, and also significantly related to the higher prevalence of stunting and anemia in the study area of Alor-Rote. To avert this kind of health impact of a economic downturn, there is a need to improve the nutritional and health status of under-five children and their mothers through the existing health care system, provide basic health services and improve the capacity of health staff across Indonesia as part of the decentralization process. PMID:17704034

  19. Catalogue of the bryophytes of Sulawesi. Supplement 1: new species records

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ariyanti, N.S.; Gradstein, S.R.; Sporn, S.G.; Angelika, R.; Tan, B.C.

    2009-01-01

    We report 177 bryophyte species (61 mosses, 115 liverworts, 1 hornwort) new to Sulawesi, raising the total number of bryophytes species recorded from the island to 653. The new combination Chiloscyphus morobeanus (Piippo) Gradst. comb. nov. is made.

  20. Mending the imaginary wall between Indonesia and Malaysia The case of maritime delimitation in the waters off Tanjung Berakit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Andi Arsana

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Due to its geographical location, Indonesia shares border areas with at least ten neighbouring countries with which maritime boundaries must be settled. As of March 2011, Indonesia is yet to finalize its maritime boundaries with various States including Malaysia with which four maritime boundaries need to be settled: the Malacca Strait, the South China Sea, the Sulawesi Sea, and the Singapore Strait (off Tanjung Berakit. It is evident that pending maritime boundaries can spark problems between Indonesia and Malaysia. The dispute over the Ambalat Block in 2005 and 2009 and an incident in the waters off Tanjung Berakit on 13 August 2010 are two significant examples. This paper discusses the incident in the waters off Tanjung Berakit, but will be preceded by a description of the principles of coastal States’ maritime entitlement pursuant to international law of the sea. Following the discussion, this paper provides suggestions for settling maritime boundaries in the area from technical/geospatial and legal perspectives.

  1. Artesunate-amodiaquine treatment for children with uncomplicated malaria in Kalimantan and Sulawesi: clinical complaints, tolerability and compliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Retno Gitawati

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Artesunate–amodiaquine combination (AS+AQ is one type of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT and has been used in Indonesia since 2004 for uncomplicated malaria, both in adults and children. However, its use in the Indonesia Malaria Program has not yet been evaluated. Objective To evaluate the clinical complaints and tolerability to AS+AQ treatment, as well as compliance in children with uncomplicated malaria. Methods This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in sentinel puskesmas (primary health centers in Kalimantan and Sulawesi. Subjects were 126 children aged under 15 years, with P. falciparum, P. vivax, or mixed falciparum-vivax malaria infections. All subjects were treated with a single dose of AS+AQ for three consecutive days and followed-up 3 times (D3, D7 and D28 to record clinical complaints and tolerability after drug administration. Parents/guardians underwent in-depth interviews on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the ACT used as well as clinical complaints following AS+AQ treatment. Results Of the 126 subjects evaluated, 30 were infected with P. falciparum, 59 with P. vivax, and 37 with both species. About 84% of the subjects reported clinical complaints after AS+AQ administration (D0-D2, most commonly lethargy, nausea and vomiting, similar to the clinical symptoms of malaria. All complaints were reported to be mild and tolerable. Oonly one subject was lost to follow-up. Conclusion Clinical complaints experienced by malaria-infected children following AS+AQ treatment were relatively tolerable. Subjects’ compliance to AS+AQ treatment was satisfactory.[Paediatr Indones. 2012;52:10-5].

  2. Indonesia: Internal Conditions, the Global Economy, and Regional Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leitner, Helga; Sheppard, Eric S.

    1987-01-01

    Describes recent trends in the economic and regional development of Indonesia and examines the internal and external forces influencing the process. Shows how these forces account for the rise of a strong centralized state. Discusses Indonesia's current problems. Includes tables, maps, and graphs of economic investment figures, world trade, and…

  3. Decentralizing Indonesia : A Regional Public Expenditure Review Overview Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2003-01-01

    Indonesia has embarked upon a radical and rapid decentralization program. Regional autonomy is transforming one of the most centralized countries in the world into one of the more decentralized ones. If managed well, a country as large and diverse as Indonesia will benefit greatly from decentralization, through more efficient service delivery, but also national unity and democracy. Yet, n...

  4. Faktor Risiko yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Malaria di Indonesia (Analisis Lanjut Riskesdas 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rika Mayasari

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Malaria is still endemic in most areas of Indonesia. Indonesia incluted the eastern part of the high malaria stratification, while Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Sumatra are being incluted in the medium stratification. Java and Bali are low endemic even though there are some villages of high endemic. Health status in an area is affected by four factors that are related and influenceach other, namely environmental, behavioral, health services and the off spring factors. Individual risk factors that contribute to the occurrence of malaria infection are age, gender, pregnancy, genetic, nutritional status, activities out of the house at night and contextual risk faktors (environment, seasons, social economy. The purpose of this research was to analyze the risk factors associated with the occurrence of malaria in Indonesia based on the data of basic health research (Riskesdas by 2013. There were 19 individual factors showed significantly with malaria risk. History of insecticide spraying (and use of household insecticides was not significantly associated with malaria risk. The greatest risk factor for malaria infection was the use of mosquito nets of nineteen individual factors there is one factors that was not a risk factor for the occurrence of malaria infection which is the factor home insect repellent/insecticide spraying. The greatest risk factor was the use of mosquito nets (OR = 2.30; 95% CI: 1.28-4.12 while the smallest was the travel time to the midwive services (OR = 0.32; 95% CI: 0.55-0,19.Keywords : Risk Faktors, Malaria, IndonesiaAbstrakMalaria masih endemis di sebagian besar wilayah Indonesia. Indonesia bagian timur masuk dalam stratifikasi malaria tinggi, sementara Kalimantan, Sulawesi dan Sumatera masuk dalam stratifikasi sedang. Daerah Jawa dan Bali masuk dalam stratifikasi rendah, namun masih terdapat desa dengan angka kasus malaria yang tinggi. Status kesehatan disuatu daerah dipengaruhi oleh empat faktor yang berhubungan dan saling

  5. PROFIL STATUS GIZI PETANI DI JENEPONTO, SULAWESI SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadang Sukandar

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available NUTRITIONAL STATUS PROFILE OF FARMERS IN JENEPONTO, SOUTH SULAWESI.Background: Social-economic and nutritional status of farmers in coastal area are still big problem in Jeneponto district. Special Program for Food Security (SPFS under Food and Agriculture Organization has been being Implemented since 2000 to overcome the problems. Objectives: 1 to asses socio-economic, 2 to esess nutritional status of community and 3 to improve nutritional knowledge of farmers on food, nutrition, sanitation and hygiene through conducting training. Methods: Study was conducted in Jeneponto, South Sulawesi, from December 1995 to November 2006. A sample of size 45 households was drawn randomly from household population of size 226. The households population is household farmer who are beneficiary of Special Program for Food Secutity, Food and Acgrlculture Organization. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in table. Results: Reseacrh results show that level of income of farmer is medium level. Average income of farmer is about Rp 229,658 per capita per month. As much as 47% of expenditure was spent for food. There are still many husbund-wive who have nutrition problem. As much as 16 % of husbands are thin and 16% are overweight. As much as 20% wive are thin and 18 % are overweight. Conclusions: Average income of farmer is medium level. Almost 50 % of expenditure was spent for food. There are still many husband-wive who are thin and overweight. After attending training, knowledge on nutrition and food of the farmers increase significantly. Recommendation: Agriculture and Health office of the Jeneponto district need to continue the SPFS' project to increase farmers income and to improve nutritional status of the farmers.Keywords: socio-economic, food, nutrition, sanitation, hygiene.  

  6. STUDI STRATEGI PEMANTAPAN KEGIATAN PENYULUHAN GIZI PENGANEKARAGAMAN KONSUMSI MAKANAN DALAM MASYARAKAT DI WILAYAH SULAWESI TENGAH DAN NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djoko Susanto

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Melalui kerja keras jajaran Departemen Pertanian bekerjasama dengan masyarakat petani, maka pada tahun 1985 Indonesia telah mampu berswasembada beras dan status itu mendapat penghargaan dari FAO. Konsekuensi dari kondisi tersebut tiada lain adalah mempertahankan dan melestarikannya secara terus menerus dan berkesinambungan. Landasan formal ke arah upaya itu adalah INPRES Nomor 20 tahun 1979 tentang Perbaikan Menu Makanan Rakyat, sedangkan landasan teknis operasional adalah melalui penganekaragaman menu makanan sehari-hari. Dengan prinsip penganekaragaman menu makanan, maka dua tujuan ingin dicapai sekaligus, yakni: (1 agar ketergantungan masyarakat kepada salah satu jenis pangan pokok, terutama beras dapat dikurangi, dan (2 agar mutu gizi susunan makanan masyarakat dapat ditingkatkan. Sebagian penduduk di Sulawesi Tengah dan Nusa Tenggara Timur mengkonsumsi pangan pokok non-beras secara turun-temurun. Pada tingkat nasional dan regional kebiasaan pangan tersebut perlu dipertahankan dan didukung agar penganekaragaman konsumsi makanan dapat dikembangkan dan mutu gizi susunan makanan dapat ditingkatkan dengan mendayagunakan bahan-bahan makanan yang tersedia setempat. Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk menggali keragaan di lapangan berkenaan denga pentahuan pejabat dan kader Posyandu mengenai konsep penganekaragaman konsumsi makanan, serta penerapannya pada tingkat keluarga. Ketersediaan komoditas pangan pada sistem pasar di berbagai tingkat administratif telah digali pula. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa sekitar 50-70% Pejabat di berbagai tingkat administratif di kedua wilayah propinsi tersebut mengetahui dengan baik rumusan dan tujuan program penganekaragaman konsumsi makanan. Menurut para Pejabat tersebut sarana penyuluhan gizi yang tersedia belum mengandung materi mengenai penganekaragaman konsumsi makanan. Dari data pengamatan ternyata bahwa makanan pokok non-beras lebih banyak ditemukan di tingkat kecamatan, sedangkan beras lebih banyak

  7. Membumikan AMI, Membangun Museum Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Mulyadi, Yadi

    2014-01-01

    Asosiasi Museum Indonesia (AMI) sebagai satu-satunya perhimpunan museum di Indonesia telah berkiprah selama 16 tahun terhitung sejak dibentuknya Badan Musyawarah Museum Indonesia (BMMI) pada tanggal 28 Oktober 1998. Lalu pada pelaksanaan Munas BMMI ke II di Cisarua Bogor tanggal 12 - 14 Juli 2004 disepakati perubahan nama dan bentuk Badan Musyawarah Indonesia (BMMI) menjadiAsosiasi Museum Indonesia (AMI).

  8. JENIS TUMBUHAN BERPOTENSI SEBAGAI PAKAN KUPU - KUPU DI KAWASAN PENANGKARAN TAMAN NASIONAL BANTIMURUNG BULUSARAUNG, KABUPATEN MAROS, SULAWESI SELATAN

    OpenAIRE

    syam, hasriyani

    2014-01-01

    judul penelitian ini mengenai Jenis Tumbuhan Berpotensi Sebagai Pakan Kupu - Kupu Di Kawasan Penangkaran Taman Nasional Bantimurung Bulusaraung, Kabupaten Maros, Sulawesi Selatan, yang dilaksanakan pada bulan Oktober 2012 - Pebruari 2013. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis tumbuhan yang berpotensi sebagai pakan kupu - kupu dan dapat dilestarikan oleh masyarakat di sekitar Penangkaran Taman Nasional Bantimurung, Bulusaraung, Kabupaten Maros, Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. penelitian ...

  9. Ergonomics policy in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutarjo, Untung S

    2007-12-01

    Workers' conditions in accordance with their place of work are different from one area to another, especially in this reformation era where there are immense alterations in politics shown from the centralized government shifting to decentralization and district autonomy. Ergonomics problems in Indonesia are reviewed. In home industries, workers have to adjust themselves to their jobs, and ergonomic improvement may face significant impediments especially in small-scale industries. It is necessary to create or identify the most plausible model to be implemented in accordance with the conditions of districts, including low awareness about the relation between ergonomics and workers' productivity in producing goods and services and working processes scattered often at their own houses. As conditions conducive to ergonomics programs, district-level willingness to improve and increase the wealth of their society, recognition by businesses about the impacts of ergonomics on productivity and reduction of medical treatment costs may be mentioned. Labor unions support ergonomic improvements at production processes, and professionals and academicians are ready to assist, whereas national banks and foreign investment may encourage new technologies including ergonomics aspects. It is important to strengthen ergonomic improvement efforts in Indonesia through establishing district ergonomics improvement networks and ergonomics peer leaders with the support of continual training starting from the training of core leaders at the province level and extending to peer leaders at district level. This training should be made as simple as possible in order to facilitate innovations toward changes. Finally assistance is needed by the mentor teams in order to periodically monitor the improvements undertaken. PMID:18572796

  10. Federalism in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Kumara, Aditya.

    2001-01-01

    This thesis provides a review for Indonesians about federalism, including the definition and concept, how other countries apply federalism, what the impacts of implementing federalism in Indonesia might be and what the requirements are for Indonesia to make federalism work successfully. Indonesia seems to meet some of the indicators for a successful federal state. It has a population of over 200 million and its territory is spread across more than 2, 000 inhabited islands. It has great lingui...

  11. PROSPEK INDUSTRI PARIWISATA INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, Nurhayati

    2010-01-01

    Indonesia's tourism industry developed serious since the mid-1980s following a decline in revenue from oil and gas (oil). Since the 1997 economic crisis, Indonesia's tourism industry to survive. This study showed that Indonesia's tourism sector has great potential. There are five factors that will make the tourism industry has the potential to grow. First, the trend of world tourism industry will increase in the 21st century. Second, the contribution of tourism sector in economic development ...

  12. Indonesia: Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2000-01-01

    The paper reviews the progress being made toward Indonesia's full emergence from the crisis. Banking sector restructuring has been at the heart of the reform program. Corporate debt restructuring is critical for resumption of normal credit flows and Indonesia's full and sustainable economic recovery. Finally, successive reform programs have aimed at alleviating the impact of the crisis on the poorest households and creating conditions for reversing the rise in poverty. Resuming Indonesia's lo...

  13. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2011-01-01

    This study estimated Indonesia’s potential growth rate and examined its underlying determinants. Implementing a comprehensive program to address key influencing issues can improve the effectiveness of monetary policy, increase financial stability, and support capital market development. This paper also reviews the level and structure of tax revenues in Indonesia, estimates tax effort and tax efficiency, and discusses potential areas of revenue mobilization. Indonesia’s financial linkages ...

  14. Konsorsium Perpustakaan di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Gultom, Hetty

    2015-01-01

    Indonesia memiliki banyak (ribuan) perpustakaan tetapi secara umum dapat dikatakan masih sangat lemah dalam memenuhi tuntutan kebutuhan informasi para penggunanya karena mereka beroperasi hanya mengandalkan sumberdaya sendiri secara terisolasi tanpa berkolaborasi antara satu dan lainnya. Kenyataan ini telah disadari para ilmuan dan pimpinan perpustakaan di Indonesia sejak 42 tahun yang lalu dimana pada tahun 1970-an telah terjadi pembentukan jaringan yang cukup banyak di Indonesia (± 36 siste...

  15. Tectonic evolution and crustal structure of the central Indonesian region from geology, gravity and other geophysical data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guntoro, Agus

    Geographically, the Indonesian archipelago is often divided into eastern and western parts, the boundary between them being placed at the 200 m bathymetric contours passing through the Makassar Strait in the north to Lombok Strait in the south. In this study, a new subdivision is proposed, introducing a Central Indonesian Region (CIR) which represents a transition between the largely Eurasian elements of Western Indonesia and the Pacific and Australian related elements of Eastern Indonesia. The CIR is bounded by two major subduction zones; in the west by pre-Tertiary subduction zone at the southeastern margin of the Sundaland, and to the east by the Early Tertiary subduction zone. The latter is marked by the Selayar-Bonerate ridge. One of the most interesting features of the CIR is the existence of outcrops of deformed pre-Tertiary basement complexes in the West and Central Java, SE Kalimantan and SW Sulawesi, which are similar in age, lithology and structure (Katili 1978; Hamilton 1979; Parkinson 1991). They suggest that these terranes are fragments of a microcontinent, which accreted eastwards and was dismembered in the Late Cretaceous. The eastward migration of a subduction system during the Late Cretaceous and Early Tertiary is suggested by the eastward growth of melange terranes, by the position of the Neogene magmatic arc to the east of the Cretaceous one and by the separation of the Western Arc of Sulawesi from Kalimantan. These events are thought to have been responsible for the formation of the basins in the CIR. As part of this study, a geological and gravity survey has been carried out on the Flores Sea Islands. The results of this survey were integrated with the published geological and geophysical data and with commercial seismic sections to allow examination of the crustal structure and tectonic development in the CIR. On the basis of gravity, magnetic and structural maps the CIR and vicinity can be divided into five major provinces, these being the

  16. Distribution and area of mangrove forest in Pising Bay coastal area North Kabaena Island Southeast Sulawesi.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Salam Tarigan

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available esearched of mangrove forest in Pising Bay, North Kabaena Island Southeast Sulawesi was carried out on April 2006. Data digital Landsat 7ETM+ parth/raw 113/064 was used for mangrove mapping. Classification method was done is multispectral supervised with artificial neural networks algortms. Analysis and data validation from field survey, it is estimated that distribution and areas of mangrove forest in Pising Bay, North Kabaena Island Southeast Sulawesi is 152.128 Ha. Mangrove in Pising Bay dominated by rhizophora apiculata, rhizophora mucronata; and the forest is relatively in good condition.

  17. SASTRA CYBER DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Laily Fitriani

    2011-01-01

    The digital era started when the internet technology spread to the developing countries including Indonesia. The flourish of cyber literature leads to the debate on the quality of the work of literature. Above all, the existence of literature sites (cyber literature) becomes an important alternative for writers and literary activist in Indonesia.

  18. SASTRA CYBER DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laily Fitriani

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The digital era started when the internet technology spread to the developing countries including Indonesia. The flourish of cyber literature leads to the debate on the quality of the work of literature. Above all, the existence of literature sites (cyber literature becomes an important alternative for writers and literary activist in Indonesia.

  19. KOPERASI MEMBINA WIRAUSAHA BERKARAKTER INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Sugiharsono Sugiharsono

    2014-01-01

    Abstrak: Koperasi Membina Wirausaha Berkarakter Indonesia. Perekonomian Indonesia lebih banyak didukung oleh para wirausaha yang cenderung berkarakter kapitalis-liberal. Para wirausaha ini tidak banyak jumlahnya tetapi menguasai sebagian besar modal di Indonesia. Perusahaan besar tersebut lebih banyak berbentuk non koperasi sehingga cenderung membentuk wirausaha yang kapitalistis dan kurang pancasilais. Para wirausaha Indonesia harus diwadahi dalam suatu bentuk badan usaha yang berlandaskan P...

  20. Pendugaan Produksi Karkas Dan Daging Kelelawar Pemakan Buah (Pteropus alecto Asal Sulawesi (ESTIMATION OF CARCASS AND MEAT PRODUCTION OF CELEBES NATIVE FRUIT BATS (Pteropus alecto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiltje Andretha Ransaleleh

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted in North Sulawesi, Gorontalo, and Central Sulawesi during March untilOctober 2011. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of fruit bats  (P. alecto as sourceof meat. Observed variables were body weight, carcass weight, noncarcass weight, the bone weight, meatweight, fat weight, and skin weight, respectively. To estimate the growth rate of the bats, analysis of therelationship between body weight and carcass components was done, while estimation of  growth rate ofcarcass components were analyzed by multiple linear regression. The results showed that the carcassproduction of  P. alecto in the three locations was 54.49%-56.55%, meat production was 45.37% -54.07%,and the coefficient of determination was 0.65-0.99.  Conclusions of this study is that the body weight  canbe used for  prediction  of growth rate, and weight of carcass, meat, bone, fat, and skin of the fruit bats,respectively.

  1. The Lanternfly genus Polydictya (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Fulgoridae from Sulawesi and neighbouring islands, with the description of three new species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Constant

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The species of the genus Polydictya Guérin-Méneville, 1844 from Sulawesi and adjacent islands are reviewed and three new species are described: P. bantimurung sp. nov. (Sulawesi, P. basirubra sp. nov. (Sulawesi, Wowoni and Buton and P. pelengana sp. nov. (Peleng. An identification key for the 6 species recorded in the area is given. Habitus, detailed illustrations and a distribution map are provided for all species. The male genitalia of the three new species are illustrated and described, and the male genitalia of P. thanatos Chew Kea Foo, Porion & Audibert, 2010 are figured and described for the first time. The genus Polydictya now contains 24 species.

  2. A~probabilistic tsunami hazard assessment for Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Horspool

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Probabilistic hazard assessments are a fundamental tool for assessing the threats posed by hazards to communities and are important for underpinning evidence based decision making on risk mitigation activities. Indonesia has been the focus of intense tsunami risk mitigation efforts following the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, but this has been largely concentrated on the Sunda Arc, with little attention to other tsunami prone areas of the country such as eastern Indonesia. We present the first nationally consistent Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessment (PTHA for Indonesia. This assessment produces time independent forecasts of tsunami hazard at the coast from tsunami generated by local, regional and distant earthquake sources. The methodology is based on the established monte-carlo approach to probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA and has been adapted to tsunami. We account for sources of epistemic and aleatory uncertainty in the analysis through the use of logic trees and through sampling probability density functions. For short return periods (100 years the highest tsunami hazard is the west coast of Sumatra, south coast of Java and the north coast of Papua. For longer return periods (500–2500 years, the tsunami hazard is highest along the Sunda Arc, reflecting larger maximum magnitudes along the Sunda Arc. The annual probability of experiencing a tsunami with a height at the coast of > 0.5 m is greater than 10% for Sumatra, Java, the Sunda Islands (Bali, Lombok, Flores, Sumba and north Papua. The annual probability of experiencing a tsunami with a height of >3.0 m, which would cause significant inundation and fatalities, is 1–10% in Sumatra, Java, Bali, Lombok and north Papua, and 0.1–1% for north Sulawesi, Seram and Flores. The results of this national scale hazard assessment provide evidence for disaster managers to prioritise regions for risk mitigation activities and/or more detailed hazard or risk assessment.

  3. PEMANFAATAN LAHAN DI BAWAH POHON KELAPA UNTUK HIJAUAN PAKAN SAPI DI SULAWESI UTARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artise H.S. Salendu

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Cattle in North Sulawesi has a comparative advantage to develop.The problem of low productivity of cattle caused by the provision of forage does not comply with the recommended requirements. Based on these ideas it is necessary to an assessment of the use of land under coconut for forage. Rationale, agriculture in North Sulawesi is dominated by coconut plantation which is the brand image of this area. Cattle development can be implemented with the integrated model under a coconut tree that has not been used optimally. The biggest challenge in the development of cattle in North Sulawesi in general is a matter of the feed. One of the factors that determine the productivity of cattle is ensuring availability of quality forage. Grass quality is introduced to dwarft grass which can produce as much as 288 tons/year, equivalent to 22.5AU/year. Conclusion, cattle development can be done with system of coconut-cattle integration. Land under coconut trees in North Sulawesi can be utilized for the development of cattle forage that can provide greater benefits for farmers. The advice can be given that the necessary interventions to introducing forage quality by utilizing land under coconut.

  4. The Odonata of Sulawesi and Adjacent Islands. Parts 1 and 2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tol, van J.

    1987-01-01

    One new species of the up to present monotypic genus Celebophlebia Lieftinck, C. carolinae spec. nov. from Sangihe, as well as all Sulawesi species of the genus Diplacina Brauer, including two new species and one new subspecies, viz., D. militaris dumogae subsp. nov., D. torrenticola spec. nov. and

  5. Preliminary Study of Cytotoxic and Antimicrobial Activities of Algae from South Sulawesi Waters

    OpenAIRE

    Zainuddin, Elmi Nurhaidah

    2013-01-01

    This presentation will cover recent progress from our laboratory into South Sulawesi marine algae and their microbial symbionts, as a source of cytotoxic and antimicrobial compounds. Preliminary data on the activities of algae extracts against human, aquaculture organism and plant pathogens will be presented along with the identification and characterization of microbial symbionts and pathogens.

  6. Kajian Awal 5G Indonesia [5G Indonesia Early Preview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Awangga Febian Surya Admaja

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia saat ini tengah memasuki era teknologi 4G dimana secara global teknologi ini telah dikomersilkan sejak tahun 2009. Melihat pengalaman implementasi teknologi seluler dari 1G sampai dengan 4G di Indonesia yang selalu terlambat, maka kajian ini diharapkan dapat menjadi awal persiapan Indonesia dalam menghadapi teknologi 5G dengan mengidentifikasi teknologi seluler saat ini dengan gambaran umum industri telekomunikasi di Indonesia saat ini. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode pengumpulan data melalui FGD dan wawancara mendalam kepada regulator, operator, vendor, serta akademisi. Dalam kajian ini didapatkan bahwa Indonesia perlu memetakan key requirement 5G yang sesuai dengan kondisi di Indonesia sehingga dapat disusun roadmap 5G Indonesia.*****Indonesia is currently entering the 4G era even though 4G technology has been commercialized globally since 2009. Seeing the experience of late implementation of mobile technology from 1G to 4G in Indonesia, this study is expected to be the initial preparation of Indonesia in facing 5G technology era to identify cellular technology today with a general overview of the telecommunications industry in Indonesia. The study used a qualitative approach with data collection methods through focus group discussions and depth interviews with regulators, operators, vendors, and academics. It was found in this study that Indonesia needs to map out 5g key requirements in accordance with the conditions in Indonesia so it can be used to prepare Indonesia 5G roadmap.

  7. Indonesia; CPSS Core Principles for Systemically Important Payment Systems

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents key findings of the Financial Sector Assessment Program for Indonesia. The program covers Bank Indonesia’s real-time gross settlement (BI-RTGS) system’s observance of the Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems (CPSS) core principles for systemically important payment systems (SIPS). The assessment reveals that the legal foundation for payment systems in Indonesia is generally sound with explicit provisions for the central bank’s involvement in payment systems. T...

  8. Geologic map of Indonesia - Peta geologi Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigit, Soetarjo

    1965-01-01

    The geology, compiled by Th. H. F. Klompe in 1954 from published and unpublished maps of the Direktorat Geologi, has been brought up to date on the basis of investigations carried out to 1962 (Ref. Sigit, Soetarjo, "I. A brief outline of the geology of the Indonesian Archipelago, and II. Geological map of Indonesia;" Direktorat Geologi publication, 1962.)

  9. Capacity Development and Strengthening for Energy Policy formulation and implementation of Sustainable Energy Projects in Indonesia CASINDO. Deliverable No. 38. Pro-poor Energy Strategy in Central Java

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sumardi, R. Rizal Isnanto; Firdausi, Aulia Latifah Insan [Diponegoro University, Semarang (Indonesia)

    2012-01-15

    The overall objective of the CASINDO programme is to establish a self-sustaining and self-developing structure at both the national and regional level to build and strengthen human capacity to enable the provinces of North Sumatra, Yogyakarta, Central Java, West Nusa Tenggara and Papua to formulate sound policies for renewable energy and energy efficiency and to develop and implement sustainable energy projects.

  10. Seasonal forecasting of fire over Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. C. Spessa

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Large-scale fires occur frequently across Indonesia, particularly in the southern region of Kalimantan and eastern Sumatra. They have considerable impacts on carbon emissions, haze production, biodiversity, health, and economic activities. In this study, we demonstrate that severe fire and haze events in Indonesia can generally be predicted months in advance using predictions of seasonal rainfall from the ECMWF System 4 coupled ocean–atmosphere model. Based on analyses of up-to-date and long series observations on burnt area and rainfall, and tree cover, we demonstrate that fire activity is negatively correlated with rainfall, and is positively associated with deforestation in Indonesia. There is a contrast between the southern region of Kalimantan (high fire activity, high tree cover loss and strong non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire and the central region of Kalimantan (low fire activity, low tree cover loss and weak non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire. The ECMWF seasonal forecast provides skilled forecasts of burnt area with several months lead time explaining at least 70% of the variance between rainfall and with burnt area. Results are strongly influenced by El Niño years which show a consistent positive bias. Overall, our findings point to a high potential for using a more physical-based method for predicting fires with several months lead time in the tropics, rather than one based on indexes only. We argue that seasonal precipitation forecasts should be central to Indonesia's evolving fire management policy.

  11. Seasonal forecasting of fire over Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spessa, A. C.; Field, R. D.; Pappenberger, F.; Langner, A.; Englhart, S.; Weber, U.; Stockdale, T.; Siegert, F.; Kaiser, J. W.; Moore, J.

    2015-03-01

    Large-scale fires occur frequently across Indonesia, particularly in the southern region of Kalimantan and eastern Sumatra. They have considerable impacts on carbon emissions, haze production, biodiversity, health, and economic activities. In this study, we demonstrate that severe fire and haze events in Indonesia can generally be predicted months in advance using predictions of seasonal rainfall from the ECMWF System 4 coupled ocean-atmosphere model. Based on analyses of long, up-to-date series observations on burnt area, rainfall, and tree cover, we demonstrate that fire activity is negatively correlated with rainfall and is positively associated with deforestation in Indonesia. There is a contrast between the southern region of Kalimantan (high fire activity, high tree cover loss, and strong non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire) and the central region of Kalimantan (low fire activity, low tree cover loss, and weak, non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire). The ECMWF seasonal forecast provides skilled forecasts of burnt and fire-affected area with several months lead time explaining at least 70% of the variance between rainfall and burnt and fire-affected area. Results are strongly influenced by El Niño years which show a consistent positive bias. Overall, our findings point to a high potential for using a more physical-based method for predicting fires with several months lead time in the tropics rather than one based on indexes only. We argue that seasonal precipitation forecasts should be central to Indonesia's evolving fire management policy.

  12. The effect of El Niño - Southern Oscillation events on CO2 and H2O fluxes in a mountainous tropical rainforest in equatorial Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olchev, Alexander; Ibrom, Andreas; Panferov, Oleg; Gushchina, Darija; Kreilein, Heinrich; Popov, Victor; Propastin, Pavel; June, Tania; Rauf, Abdul; Gravenhorst, Gode; Knohl, Alexander

    2016-04-01

    The possible impact of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events on the main components of CO2 and H2O fluxes between the tropical rainforest and the atmosphere was investigated. The fluxes were continuously measured in an old-growth mountainous tropical rainforest in Central Sulawesi in Indonesia (1°39.47'S and 120°10.409'E) using the eddy covariance method for the period from January 2004 to June 2008 (Ibrom et al. 2007). During the period of measurements two episodes of El Niño and one episode of La Niña were observed. All these ENSO episodes had moderate intensity and were of the central Pacific type. To quantify the ENSO impacts on meteorological parameters and fluxes and to distinguish them from effects caused by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) we analyzed the correlation between the deviations of monthly meteorological parameter and flux values from their monthly averages over the entire measuring period and the Nino4 and Nino3.4 indexes. The typical timescale of the full ENSO cycle is estimated to be about 48-52 months (Setoh et al., 1999), whereas the timescale of the main meteorological parameters (global solar radiation (G), precipitation amount (P), air temperature (T)) is characterized by much higher month-to-month variability even after annual trend filtering. In order to filter the high-frequency oscillation in the time series of atmospheric characteristics and monthly Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE), Gross Primary Production (GPP), Ecosystem Respiration (RE) and evapotranspiration (ET) anomalies, the simple centered moving average smoothing procedure was applied. The moving averages of variables were calculated over 7 months (centered value ± 3 months). Statistical analysis included both simple correlation and cross-correlation analysis. Analysis of the temporal variability of CO2 and H2O fluxes showed a high sensitivity of monthly GPP and ET of the mountainous tropical rainforest to ENSO intensity

  13. Smoking problem in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjandra Y. Aditama

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Smoking is an important public health probLem in Indonesia. Up to 60% of male adult population as well as about 4% of female adult population are smokers. In fact, some of Indonesian kretek cigarettes have quite high tar and nicotine content. Besides health effect, smoking habit also influence economic status of the individuals as well as the family. In health point of view, even though reliable nation wide morbidity and mortality data are scarce, report from various cities showed smoking related diseases, such as Lung cancer, COPD, effect of pregnancy, etc. Other problem is a fact that smoking habit start quite in early age in Indonesia. This article also describe factors complicate smoking control program as well as several things to be done to strengthen smoking control program in Indonesia. (Med J Indones 2002; 11: 56-65Keywords : smoking, Indonesia, impact

  14. Indonesia's palm oil subsector

    OpenAIRE

    Larson, Donald F

    1996-01-01

    Debate on Indonesia's palm oil policy was stimulated by a sharp increase in cooking oil prices in 1994-95 and a resulting increase in the export tax rate on crude palm oil. Palm oil has been one of the fastest growing subsectors in Indonesia. Using a quantitative model, the author analyzes the effect of government policies, including the export tax, buffer stock operations by the BULOG (the national logistics agency), and directed sales from public estates. The author acknowledges the export ...

  15. Jepara Indonesia Furniture

    OpenAIRE

    romanzick

    2016-01-01

    Jepara Indonesia Furniture A wide choice of Indonesian furniture companies provide free business listings to all types of furniture also for outlets and stores. Each section is accessible that contains a comprehensive list of our range of furniture details information and full campaign. We provided a platform create various products along with featured inspiration section related products, services, accessories. Indonesia Furniture Teak Garden Furniture It is bringing customers distinctive as...

  16. Islamic fundamentalism in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Nagy, Sandra L.

    1996-01-01

    This is a study of Islamic fundamentalism in Indonesia. Islamic fundamentalism is defined as the return to the foundations and principles of Islam including all movements based on the desire to create a more Islamic society. After describing the practices and beliefs of Islam, this thesis examines the three aspects of universal Islamic fundamentalism: revivalism, resurgence, and radicalism. It analyzes the role of Islam in Indonesia under Dutch colonial rule, an alien Christian imperialist po...

  17. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2006-01-01

    The corporate sector in Indonesia has been recovering in recent years from the financial crisis of 1997–98. This paper analyzes the performance of the Indonesian nonfinancial corporate sector in recent years and discusses remaining challenges and vulnerabilities. The decline in corporate leverage may have resulted to a large extent from supply-side constraints. Indonesia was the country most severely affected by the Asian financial crisis, with GDP declining by 13 percent in 1998. Despite m...

  18. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2008-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper for Indonesia uses a small structural macroeconomics model of the Indonesian economy to analyze the inflation outlook and monetary policy challenges. The Bank of Indonesia (BI) introduced its Inflation Targeting Framework in July 2005 with the goal to reduce inflation in the medium term to 3 percent. BI’s official mandate is stability of the rupiah, both internal and external, and BI views the inflation targeting regime with a floating exchange rate as the best st...

  19. Marine lakes of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Becking, Leontine Elisabeth

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this thesis was to obtain insight into the processes that play a role in biodiversity patterns of tropical marine species by using marine lakes as a model. Marine lakes are landlocked water bodies that maintain a marine character through narrow submarine connections to the sea. Two regions in Indonesia were studied: Berau (East Kalimantan) and Raja Ampat (West Papua). The following questions were addressed: 1. What are the different types of marine lakes in Indonesia? 2. Are ...

  20. Indonesia in 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Gunn, Geoffrey C.

    2014-01-01

    Ahead of upcoming elections, expectations ran high in 2013 across the archipelago for a highly pluralistic electorate. With China as a leading trading partner, the backdrop for Indonesia was steady economic growth, albeit checked by a sliding currency, a current account deficit, and a depressing culture of corruption. Mixing commerce and geopolitics, China, the U.S., and Japan all turned to Indonesia to expand their influence.

  1. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2007-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper assesses Indonesia’s trade integration relative to underlying country characteristics. The paper analyzes Indonesia’s vulnerabilities, especially compared with the eve of the crisis in 1997. Various indicators suggest that the underlying fundamentals are significantly stronger. The paper examines key features of the financial safety net (FSN) in view of international standards and concludes that the current system is capable of timely addressing bank problems. I...

  2. Indonesia's Rising Divide

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2016-01-01

    In 2015, Indonesia stands as an increasingly divided country, unequal in many ways. There is a growing income divide between the richest 10 percent and the rest of the population, and this gap is driven by many other types of inequality in Indonesia.People are divided into haves and have-nots from before birth. Some children are born healthy and grow up well in their early years; many do n...

  3. Membumikan Multikulturalisme Di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Syaifuddin, Achmad Fedyani

    2009-01-01

    This article tries to discuss the types of multiculturalism that may appropriately adjust in Indonesia reality. Multiculturalism was viewed as a good alternative to solve the new complicated problems that happens in Indonesia to maintain national integration by now and in the future. The author discusses the abstract concepts and strategies about multiculturalism to become something more concrete and able to be implemented in daily life. The author discusses these issues largely by connect...

  4. Indonesia : Avoiding the Trap

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2014-01-01

    Within the next two decades Indonesia aspires to generate prosperity, avoid a middle-income trap and leave no one behind as it tries to catch up with high-income economies. These are ambitious goals. Realizing them requires sustained high growth and job creation, as well as reduced inequality. Can Indonesia achieve them? This report argues that the country has the potential to rise and bec...

  5. The Magnetic Properties of Indonesian Lake Sediment: A Case Study of a Tectonic Lake in South Sulawesi and Maar Lakes in East Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerald Tamuntuan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Magnetic properties of sediments from two different environmental settings in Indonesia have been studied using rock magnetic methods and scanning electron microscopy (SEM. In the first setting, magnetic measurements were conducted on core sediments from two maar lakes in East Java (Lakes Lading and Bedali that represent very confined environments where sediments are derived mainly from rocks and soils within the craters. In the second setting, similar measurements were obtained on core sediment from Lake Matano, a cryptodepression lake in tectonically active South Sulawesi where the area around the lake is dominated by highly magnetic lateritic soils. The results show that the predominant magnetic mineralogy in sediments from Lakes Lading, Bedali, as well as Matano is pseudo-single domain (PSD magnetite (Fe3O4. Compared to that of Lake Matano, the maar lake sediments of Lakes Lading and Bedali have higher magnetic susceptibility as well as high intensity of ARM and SIRM. Variations in magnetic susceptibility in all core sediments are controlled mainly by the concentration of magnetic minerals. The homogeneity of magnetic minerals in these three lakes sediment provides an excellent setting for interpreting paleoclimatic signals as they will be recorded as anomalies of magnetic susceptibility.

  6. Determinan Ekspor CPO Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratih Rosita

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Palm oil is one of the products that are important to the economy of Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the performance of Indonesia's CPO exports and to look for the influence of the independent variables such as production volume CPO, CPO consumption and the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar. The authors of this study tested using the Method of Error Correction Model. The time interval used is from 1998 to 2011 with the data quarter. The findings suggest that Indonesia's CPO production volume variables exert a positive and significant impact on the number of Indonesian CPO exports in both the short and long term, then the variable volume Indonesia CPO consumption in the short and long term is also a significant effect on the number of Indonesian CPO exports but negatively related, this is due to the domestic CPO consumption greater that the capacity to export will be reduced. Variables of the Rupiah against the U.S. dollar also affects Indonesia's CPO exports significantly and negatively related to both the short and long term and conditions of the depreciation of the rupiah exchange rate is not enough to effectively be driving exports. Estimates show that the close relationship between external demand caused exports to Indonesia's export performance vulnerable to external shocks. Side factors are also a determinant of export performance.

  7. Determinan Ekspor CPO Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratih Rosita

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Palm oil is one of the products that are important to the economy of Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the performance of Indonesia's CPO exports and to look for the influence of the independent variables such as production volume CPO, CPO consumption and the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar. The authors of this study tested using the Method of Error Correction Model. The time interval used is from 1998 to 2011 with the data quarter. The findings suggest that Indonesia's CPO production volume variables exert a positive and significant impact on the number of Indonesian CPO exports in both the short and long term, then the variable volume Indonesia CPO consumption in the short and long term is also a significant effect on the number of Indonesian CPO exports but negatively related, this is due to the domestic CPO consumption greater that the capacity to export will be reduced. Variables of the Rupiah against the U.S. dollar also affects Indonesia's CPO exports significantly and negatively related to both the short and long term and conditions of the depreciation of the rupiah exchange rate is not enough to effectively be driving exports. Estimates show that the close relationship between external demand caused exports to Indonesia's export performance vulnerable to external shocks. Side factors are also a determinant of export performance. Keywords: palm oil, CPO consumption, Error Correction Model

  8. IDENTIFIKASI CENDAWAN TERBAWA BENIH PADA PADI LOKAL AROMATIK PULU MANDOTI, PULU PINJAN, DAN PARE LAMBAU ASAL KABUPATEN ENREKANG, SULAWESI SELATAN

    OpenAIRE

    Risnawaty R., A. Masniawati, Tutik Kuswinanti, Risco B. Gobel

    2008-01-01

    The research entitled 'Identification Borne Fungus Local Aromatic Rice Seeds on Pulu Mandoti, Pulu Pinjan, and Pare Lambau Originally Enrekang, South Sulawesi has been conducted to determine the types of seed borne fungi on local aromatic rice origin districts Enrekang, South Sulawesi. This research was conducted at the Laboratorium Bioteknologi Tanaman PKP, Hasanuddin University. Test the presence of seed borne fungi carried by seedling test method and grinding. From seedling test method kno...

  9. Integrasi dan Peranan Orang Melayu di Sulawesi Selatan Pada Abad XVI-XVII: Kajian Berdasarkan Naskhah Lontara

    OpenAIRE

    Muhlis Hadrawi, SS., M.Hum.

    2007-01-01

    Eksistensi orang Melayu sebagai salah satu kelompok pendatang yang bermukim di Sulawesi Selatan menduduki peringkat awal dan istimewa daripada kelompok atau etnik pendatang lainnya seperti Jawa, Ambon, Buton, orang asing (Portugis, Hollanda, dan Inggeris). Keberadaan di Sulawesi Selatan yang telah berlaku semenjak abad akhir abad XV memiliki makna penting sebagai teras bermastuatinnya orang Melayu pada kerajaan setempat yang kemudian berseterusan hingga pada abad XIX. Keberadaan orang Melayu...

  10. PROSPECTIVE ISLAMIC LAW IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohdar Yanlua

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the Prospective Islamic law in Indonesia. The enforcement of Islamic law in Indonesia experienced the ups and downs, ranging from the colonial period with the Government of Indonesia to the Netherlands in order to reform it.In this study it was found that a prospective law of Islam in Indonesia the development of any regime of the Government of Indonesia is experiencing developments. By the Government of Indonesia does not accept or reject the extremes, but instead selectively receive (not the totality and gradual.Such a step is done for the sake of maintaining the stability and integrity of the country.

  11. Monitoring 137Cs and 134Cs at marine coasts in Indonesia between 2011 and 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • In response to the Japan Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident. • The monitoring have been carried out in some Indonesia coasts. • 137Cs in the eastern and western Indonesia coasts originated from global fallout. - Abstract: Environmental samples (seawater, sediments and biota) were collected along the eastern and western Indonesian coasts between 2011 and 2013 to anticipate the possible impacts of the Fukushima radioactive releases in Indonesia. On the eastern coasts (south and north Sulawesi), the 137Cs concentrations in the seawater and sediments were 0.12–0.32 Bq m−3 and 0.10–1.03 Bq kg−1, respectively. On the western coasts (West Sumatra, Bangka Island, North Java, South Java and Madura island), the 137Cs concentrations in the seawater and sediments were 0.12–0.66 Bq m−3 and 0.19–1.64 Bq kg−1, respectively. In general, the 137Cs concentrations in the fish from several Indonesian coasts were

  12. Genetic Relationship of Sago Palm (Metroxylon sagu Rottb. in Indonesia Based on RAPD Markers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUHAMMAD HASIM BINTORO

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The areas of sago palm (Metroxylon sagu Rottb. forest and cultivation in the world were estimated two million hectares and predicted 50% of that areas located in Indonesia. Distribution of sago palm areas in Indonesia is not evenly distributed as well as their diversities. Information of plant genetic diversities and genetic relationship is very important to be used for germ plasm collection and conservation. The objectives of research were revealed the genetic relationships of sago palm in Indonesia based on RAPD molecular markers. Fragments amplification PCR products were separated on 1.7% agarose gel, fixation in Ethidium Bromide, and visualized by using Densitograph. Genetic relationships of sago palm in Indonesia showed that sample in individual level were inclined mixed among the other and just formed three groups. Genetic relationship of sago palm population showed that samples populations from Jayapura, Serui, Sorong, Pontianak, and Selat Panjang were closely related each others based on phylogenetic analysis and formed clustered in one group, event though inclined to be formed two subgroups. Populations from Manokwari, Bogor, Ambon and Palopo were closed related each others, they were in one group. Genetic relationships in the level of island were showed sago palm from Papua, Kalimantan, and Sumatra closely related. Sago palms from Maluku were closed related with sago palm from Sulawesi whereas sago palm from Jawa separated from the others. Based on this observation we proposed that Papua as centre of sago palm diversities and the origin of sago palm in Indonesia. This research informed us the best way to decide sago palm places for germ plasm of sago palm conservation activity.

  13. A Hidden Language – Dutch in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Maier, Hendrik M

    2005-01-01

    This paper discusses the impact of Indonesian language politics on the formation and consolidation of Indonesian national identity. Maier’s central argument is that Indonesia’s claim to have completely eradicated colonist language from that of the independent state is a myth. He contends rather, that the revolutionary fervor that drove the creation of a new language and national culture in Indonesia also contributed to the repression of the ongoing presence of Dutch in both its language and n...

  14. How do laboratory technicians perceive their role in the tuberculosis diagnostic process? A cross-sectional study among laboratory technicians in health centers of Central Java Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widjanarko, Bagoes; Widyastari, Dyah Anantalia; Martini, Martini; Ginandjar, Praba

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Detection of acid-fast bacilli in respiratory specimens serves as an initial pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis. Laboratories are the essential and fundamental part of all health systems. This study aimed to describe how laboratory technicians perceived their own self and work. This included perceived self-efficacy, perceived role, perceived equipment availability, perceived procedures, perceived reward and job, and perceived benefit of health education, as well as level of knowledge and attitudes related to work performance of laboratory technicians. Methods This was a cross-sectional quantitative study involving 120 laboratory technicians conducted in Central Java. Interviews and observation were conducted to measure performance and work-related variables. Results Among 120 laboratory technicians, 43.3% showed fairly good performance. They complied with 50%–75% of all procedures, including sputum collection, laboratory tools utilization, sputum smearing, staining, smear examination, grading of results, and universal precaution practice. Perceived role, perceived self-efficacy, and knowledge of laboratory procedures were significantly correlated to performance, besides education and years of working as a laboratory technician. Perceived equipment availability was also significantly correlated to performance after the education variable was controlled. Conclusion Most of the laboratory technicians believed that they have an important role in TB patients’ treatment and should display proper self-efficacy in performing laboratory activities. The result may serve as a basic consideration to develop a policy for enhancing motivation of laboratory technicians in order to improve the TB control program.

  15. Do qualitative methods validate choice experiment-results? A case study on the economic valuation of peatland restoration in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schaafsma, M.; Van Beukering, P.J.H.; Davies, O.; Oskolokaite, I.

    2009-05-15

    This study explores the benefits of combining independent results of qualitative focus group discussions (FGD) with a quantitative choice experiment (CE) in a developing country context. The assessment addresses the compensation needed by local communities in Central Kalimantan to cooperate in peatland restoration programs by using a CE combined with a series of FGD to validate and explain the CE-results. The main conclusion of this study is that a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods is necessary to assess the economic value of ecological services in monetary terms and to better understand the underlying attitudes and motives that drive these outcomes. The FGD not only cross-validate results of the CE, but also help to interpret the differences in preferences of respondents arising from environmental awareness and ecosystem characteristics. The FGD confirms that the CE results provide accurate information for ecosystem valuation. Additional to the advantages of FGD listed in the literature, this study finds that FGD provide the possibility to identify the specific terms and conditions on which respondents will accept land-use change scenarios. The results show that FGD may help to address problems regarding the effects of distribution of costs and benefits over time that neo-classical economic theory poses for the interpretation of economic valuation results in the demand it puts on the rationality of trade-offs and the required calculations.

  16. Comparing the impacts of Miocene-Pliocene changes in inter-ocean gateways on climate: Central American Seaway, Bering Strait, and Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brierley, Chris M.; Fedorov, Alexey V.

    2016-06-01

    Changes in inter-ocean gateways caused by tectonic processes have been long considered an important factor in climate evolution on geological timescales. Three major gateway changes that occurred during the Late Miocene and Pliocene epochs are the closing of the Central American Seaway (CAS) by the uplift of the Isthmus of Panama, the opening of the Bering Strait, and the closing of a deep channel between New Guinea and the Equator. This study compares the global climatic effects of these changes within the same climate model framework. We find that the closure of the CAS and the opening of the Bering Strait induce the strongest effects on the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC). However, these effects potentially compensate, as the closure of the CAS and the opening of the Bering Strait cause similar AMOC changes of around 2 Sv (strengthening and weakening respectively). Previous simulations with an open CAS consistently simulated colder oceanic conditions in the Northern Hemisphere - contrasting with the evidence for warmer sea surface temperatures 10-3 million years ago. Here we argue that this cooling is overestimated because (a) the models typically simulated too strong an AMOC change not yet in equilibrium, (b) used a channel too deep and (c) lacked the compensating effect of the closed Bering Strait - a factor frequently ignored despite its potential influence on northern high latitudes and ice-sheet growth. Further, we discuss how these gateway changes affect various climatic variables from surface temperature and precipitation to ENSO characteristics.

  17. Analisis Determinan Net Ekspor Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Daulay, Rahmawaty

    2010-01-01

    This study is to analyzing empirically among Indonesia GDP, trade partnership GDP (Malaysia, Singapore, US and Thailand) and real exchange rate toward Indonesia Net Export. To find out which one from those three variables is significant in order to fluctuating (increasing or decreasing) Indonesia Net Export either in the short run or in the long run. Data collection is obtained using secondary data, namely Indonesia GDP, Malaysia GDP, Singapura GDP, US GDP, Thailand GDP and real exchange rate...

  18. Masalah Kependudukan di Negara Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sri Rahayu Sanusi

    2003-01-01

    Dari hasil sensus penduduk tahun 1990 jumlah penduduk Indonesia adalah 179,4 juta. Berarti Indonesia termasuk negara terbesar ke tiga di antara negaranegara yang sedang berkembang setelah Gina dan India.Dibanding dengan jumlah sensus tahun 1980 maka akan terlihat peningkatan penduduk Indonesia rata-rata 1,98% pertahun. Berdasarkan hasil proyeksi penduduk, jumlah penduduk Indonesia pada tahun 1995 sebanyak 195,3 juta jiwa. fkm-sri rahayu

  19. Language in education: The case of Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nababan, P. W. J.

    1991-03-01

    Although over 400 languages are spoken in Indonesia, by 1986 60% of the population had some competence in the Indonesian national language, a substantial increase over 1971. Bahasa Indonesia was declared the state language in the 1945 constitution, and reformed spelling was agreed in 1972. It is the sole medium of instruction, except in the first three grades of elementary school in nine regions, where vernaculars may be used transitionally. Thereafter vernaculars are taught as school subjects. Bilingualism, and even multilingualism in Indonesian and one or more vernaculars and/or foreign languages is increasing, and despite the use of Indonesian for official documentary purposes at all levels it does not appear that vernaculars are dying out, although their spheres of use are restricted. Bahasa Indonesia fulfils the four functions: cognitive, instrumental, integrative and cultural, while vernaculars are only integrative and cultural. The curriculum of Indonesian, established centrally, is pragmatic or communicative. It is expressed in a standard syllabus for course books. This approach equally applies to foreign languages, which are introduced at secondary level, although here receptive reading is given more weight than productive skills. A full description of the syllabus organization of the various languages is given. Nonformal language learning also takes place, in the national basic education and literacy programme, which teaches Bahasa Indonesia, and in vocational courses in foreign languages for commerce.

  20. Indonesia Economic Quarterly FY13

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2013-01-01

    The Indonesia economic quarterly reports on and synthesizes the past three months key developments in Indonesia s economy. It places them in a longer-term and global context, and assesses the implications of these developments and other changes in policy for the outlook for Indonesia s economic and social welfare. Its coverage ranges from the macroeconomy to financial markets to indicators of ...

  1. HISTORISITAS POLITIK PEREMPUAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wasisto Raharjo Jati

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze historicity of political participation and representation of women in the political landscape in Indonesia. This paper used the perspective of feminism theory as core analysis in reviewing its issue. Periodicity of Indonesian women's political participation is very volatile and depends on the political situation contemporary. Indonesian women's political participation in the era of colonialism experienced domestication, revivalism in the Sukarno era, stigmatization in the New Order era, and is now experiencing ambiguity in the Reformation era. Indonesian women's political participation need to find a strong platform to promote the aspirations of his peopleKeywords: partisipation, representation, domestification, stigmatization, and women politic.Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis histo-risitas partisipasi politik dan keterwakilan perempuan dalam lanskap politik di Indonesia. Tu-lisan ini menggunakan perspektif teori feminisme sebagai analisis inti dalam meninjau isu nya. Periodisitas partisipasi politik perempuan Indonesia sangat fluktuatif dan tergantung pada situasi politik kontemporer. Partisipasi politik perempuan Indonesia di era kolonialisme mengalami domestikasi, revivalisme di era Soekarno, stigmatisasi di era Orde Baru, dan sekarang mengalami ambiguitas dalam era Reformasi. Partisipasi politik perempuan Indonesia perlu menemukan platform yang kuat untuk memperjuangkan aspirasi rakyatnyaKata kunci: partisipasi, representasi, domestifikasi, stigmasi, politik perempuan  

  2. DGI-Indonesia.Com: Empat Tahun untuk Komuniti Indonesia Kreatif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danu Widhyatmoko

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available DGI-Indonesia.com as a community site is able to answer the new needs of the virtual space. This paper will begin with the history of DGI-Indonesia.com; then the discussion about the roles undertaken by the DGI-Indonesia.com. Research method used in this paper is literature study, continued with reflective data analysis. By the end of the paper, a more comprehensive picture about DGI-Indonesia.com's activities such as a forum for self-actualization, interaction, exploration that helps sustain the development of science-based and creative professions in Indonesia.

  3. The effect of El Niño - Southern Oscillation events on CO2 and H2O fluxes in a mountainous tropical rainforest in equatorial Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olchev, Alexander; Ibrom, Andreas; Panferov, Oleg; Gushchina, Darija; Kreilein, Heinrich; Popov, Victor; Propastin, Pavel; June, Tania; Rauf, Abdul; Gravenhorst, Gode; Knohl, Alexander

    2016-04-01

    The possible impact of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events on the main components of CO2 and H2O fluxes between the tropical rainforest and the atmosphere was investigated. The fluxes were continuously measured in an old-growth mountainous tropical rainforest in Central Sulawesi in Indonesia (1°39.47'S and 120°10.409'E) using the eddy covariance method for the period from January 2004 to June 2008 (Ibrom et al. 2007). During the period of measurements two episodes of El Niño and one episode of La Niña were observed. All these ENSO episodes had moderate intensity and were of the central Pacific type. To quantify the ENSO impacts on meteorological parameters and fluxes and to distinguish them from effects caused by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) we analyzed the correlation between the deviations of monthly meteorological parameter and flux values from their monthly averages over the entire measuring period and the Nino4 and Nino3.4 indexes. The typical timescale of the full ENSO cycle is estimated to be about 48-52 months (Setoh et al., 1999), whereas the timescale of the main meteorological parameters (global solar radiation (G), precipitation amount (P), air temperature (T)) is characterized by much higher month-to-month variability even after annual trend filtering. In order to filter the high-frequency oscillation in the time series of atmospheric characteristics and monthly Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE), Gross Primary Production (GPP), Ecosystem Respiration (RE) and evapotranspiration (ET) anomalies, the simple centered moving average smoothing procedure was applied. The moving averages of variables were calculated over 7 months (centered value ± 3 months). Statistical analysis included both simple correlation and cross-correlation analysis. Analysis of the temporal variability of CO2 and H2O fluxes showed a high sensitivity of monthly GPP and ET of the mountainous tropical rainforest to ENSO intensity

  4. THE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES OF CASHEW INDUSTRY IN KENDARI CITY, SOUTHEAST SULAWESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asriani Asriani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The economic development of a region should refer to the agroindustry approach. An industry is not well developed due to the constraints of internal and external factors. This research aimed to identify the internal and external factors which could affect the development of cashew industry and determine the most effective alternative strategies applied in developing the cashew industry in Kendari Southeast Sulawesi Province. The data analysis technique used  Strength, Weakness, Opportuny and Threat (SWOT methods. The results showed that the internal factors that most influenced the development of the cashew industry were availability of adequate labor and limited capital investment funds while the external factors that influence the development included the government support and limited access to markets. The alternative strategies of the cashew industry development in Kendari Southeast Sulawesi Province  include improving the marketing, maintaining the product quality and increasing the working capital.Keyword: development, strategy, cashew industry, SWOT

  5. ANALISIS STRATEGI PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH TANAMAN PANGAN SEBAGAI PAKAN RUMINANSIA DI SULAWESI SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmal A. Syamsu

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Vector Auto Regression (VAR is an analysis or statistic method which can be used to predict time series variable and to analyst dynamic impact of disturbance factor in the variable system. In addition, VAR analysis is very useful to assess the interrelationship between economic variables. This research through the following test phases: unit root test, test of hypothesis, Granger causality test, and form a vector autoregresion model (VAR. The data used in this research is the GDP data and budget data of South Sulawesi in the period 1985-2004. The research aims to analyze the interrelationship between public expenditure and economic growth in South Sulawesi. The result showed statistically significant in economic growth (PDRB influence public expenditure (APBD, however, not vice versa. Otherwise, for the need of APBD prediction, the used of lag 4 was the optimum model based on the causal relationship to PDRB.

  6. Multiproxy Records of Indo-Pacific Climate and Environmental Change from Lake Towuti, Indonesia, Since 60 Kyr BP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, J. M.; Vogel, H.; Bijaksana, S.; Konecky, B. L.; Wicaksono, S. A.; Costa, K.; Wattrus, N. J.; Melles, M.

    2014-12-01

    Lake Towuti is a large tectonic lake in central Sulawesi, Indonesia that provides a unique opportunity to reconstruct climate and terrestrial environments in the heart of the Indo-Pacific warm pool. Long-term climate variations in this region are governed by a complex interplay between the Australasian monsoons and the ENSO system forced by changing insolation, sea level, ice sheets, and greenhouse gas concentrations. Existing reconstructions suggest heterogeneous responses of Indonesian climate to these forcings, highlighting the need for new long records of regional hydrology. We have developed multiproxy datasets from Lake Towuti and nearby lakes that provide continuous, detailed, and reproducible paleoenvironmental records spanning the past 60 kyr BP. Elemental tracers of terrestrial runoff and compound-specific stable isotope records of vegetation show that wet conditions and rainforest ecosystems persisted during Marine Isotope Stage 3 and the Holocene, and were interrupted by severe drying between 33 and 15 kyr BP when high-latitude ice sheets expanded and global temperatures cooled. This chronology of change implies that central Indonesian hydroclimate varies strongly in response to high-latitude climate forcing. New vegetation records from nearby lakes confirm these findings, but suggest the amplitude of glacial-interglacial changes in vegetation were weaker at high altitude, with important implications for the heterogeneity among Indonesian climate reconstructions. New lithologic and trace element records from Lake Towuti further document the significance of climate changes at the MIS3, 2, and 1 boundaries to Lake Towuti's paleolimnology, heat budget, and seasonal mixing. High-resolution seismic reflection data from Lake Towuti constrain the maximum depth of lake level lowstands during MIS2. Hydrological modeling suggests that precipitation was reduced by at least 50% at that time, an amplitude at or above the upper limits of precipitation changes

  7. POTENSI DAN PROSPEK SERTA PERMASALAHAN PENGEMBANGAN BUDIDAYA RUMPUT LAUT DI PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Malik Tangko

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan cukup strategis, menyebabkan pembangunan perikanannya berkembang pesat termasuk di sektor budidaya rumput laut. Menonjolnya budidaya rumput laut di daerah ini disebabkan selain tempatnya yang strategis juga didukung oleh fasilitas budidaya yang cukup memadai seperti tersedianya lahan untuk budidaya Eucheuma sp. sekitar 193.700 ha dan untuk budidaya Gracilaria sp. di tambak tersedia lahan sekitar 50.201 ha. Di Sulawesi Selatan budidaya Gracilaria sp. di tambak dan Euchema sp. di laut telah berkembang yang cukup pesat. Di Sulawesi Selatan kedua jenis rumput laut ini telah dinobatkan sebagai komoditas unggulan. Produksi rumput laut di Sulawesi Selatan pada tahun 2006 yaitu jenis Gracilaria sp. sebesar 15.144,8 ton dengan nilai sebesar Rp213.946,6,00 dan jenis Eucheuma sp. sebesar 403.201 ton dengan nilai sebesar Rp604.801.500.000,00. Sistem budidaya Gracilaria sp. di tambak dilakukan dengan pola budidaya polikultur dengan bandeng dan udang windu, sedangkan sistem budidaya Eucheuma sp. di laut dilakukan dengan sistem rakit apung. Lama pemeliharaan Gracilaria sp. di tambak 45--60 hari/siklus, sedangkan Eucheuma sp. di laut sekitar 45 hari/siklus, sehingga panen dapat dilakukan enam kali per tahun. Produksi Gracilaria sp. basah di tambak sekitar 7--12 ton/ha/siklus atau setara sekitar 700--1.200 kg Gracilaria sp. kering. Sedangkan produksi Eucheuma sp. basah hasil budidaya di laut sekitar 8--10 ton/unit rakit apung/siklus, atau setara dengan 800--1.000 kg Eucheuma sp. kering.

  8. THE BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS of TROPICAL ABALONE (Haliotis asinina L) IN TANAKEKE ISLAND WATERS, SOUTH SULAWESI

    OpenAIRE

    Hadijah; Ambo Tuwo; Iqbal Djawad; Magdalena Litaay

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to analyze the biological aspects of tropical abalone (Haliotis asinina L) comprising distribution of abalone size, length and weight correlation and feeding habit. The study was conducted in Tanakeke Island waters, Takalar regency, South Sulawesi. The selection of station for samples was based on dissemination of coral reefs around the islands. The data were collected through a survey, and analyzed qualitatively. The results of the study indicated that the size distribution o...

  9. Elaeocarpus firdausii (Elaeocarpaceae), a new species from tropical mountain forests of Sulawesi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brambach, Fabian; Coode, Mark; Biagioni, Siria; Culmsee, Heike

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Based on ongoing ecological research in mountain forests of Sulawesi, a new species, Elaeocarpus firdausii Brambach, Coode, Biagioni & Culmsee, sp. nov. is described and illustrated from mossy forests at > 2000 m and information provided on the species’ distribution, ecology and pollen morphology. Elaeocarpus firdausii is similar to Elaeocarpus luteolignum Coode but differs from the latter in having glabrous terminal buds, leaves with black gland dots, 4-merous, larger flowers, and more numerous stamens. PMID:27212877

  10. ISLAM DAN PERADABAN DI WILAYAH BUGIS MAKASSAR (SULAWESI SELATAN) DALAM PERSPEKTIF SEJARAH

    OpenAIRE

    H. Muhammad Bahar Akkase Teng, Bahar LCP.,M.Hum.

    2014-01-01

    SIMPULAN / PENUTUP. Masuknya Islam di SulSel tidak menjumpai ruang yang vakum. Masyarakat sudah memiliki apa yang disebut Budaya. Budaya SulSel bersifat Unik dan Khas. Pada umumnya Islam berkembang di SulSel dengan damai. Pada tahun 1511, Portugis datang dan menyerang Malaka. Setelah kejatuhan Malaka, arus niaga di pulau Jawa menurun. maka pusat perdagangan Nusantara berpindah ke Makassar di bawah pemerintahan kembar Gowa-Tallo. Awal masuknya Islam di Sulawesi Selatan. Sebelum agama Islam ma...

  11. Elaeocarpus firdausii (Elaeocarpaceae), a new species from tropical mountain forests of Sulawesi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brambach, Fabian; Coode, Mark; Biagioni, Siria; Culmsee, Heike

    2016-01-01

    Based on ongoing ecological research in mountain forests of Sulawesi, a new species, Elaeocarpus firdausii Brambach, Coode, Biagioni & Culmsee, sp. nov. is described and illustrated from mossy forests at > 2000 m and information provided on the species' distribution, ecology and pollen morphology. Elaeocarpus firdausii is similar to Elaeocarpus luteolignum Coode but differs from the latter in having glabrous terminal buds, leaves with black gland dots, 4-merous, larger flowers, and more numerous stamens. PMID:27212877

  12. Community Structure of Seagrass in Awerange and Labuange Bays Barru Regency South Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    Sarinita, Sayuri; Priosambodo, Dody

    2006-01-01

    Awerange and Labuange Bays in Barru Regency, South Sulawesi consist of various types of habitats. Mangroves, coral reef and seagrass beds can be found in these bays forming unique ecosystems. However, information about the ecosystems particularly related to seagrass community are poorly known. The aim of this research was to investigate the composition of seagrass species both in Awerange and Labuange Bays. Line transect method combined with plot were used to collect data of seagrass commu...

  13. POLITIK PERKAWINAN DAN POLA PEWARISAN KEKUASAAN DI KONFEDERASI AJATAPPARENG, SULAWESI SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Latif

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyze the motivations of political marriage or marriage politics in South Sulawesi, especially in the five kingdoms that are members of the Ajatappareng Confederation. This paper also described how politics shape political marriage or a marriage if it is associated with the prevailing pattern of inheritance of power in the Confederation Ajatappareng. This study finds out that the kings in the Ajatappareng Confederation do not follow thepattern of  ideal Bugis marriage, that is a marriage pattern with close relatives.  A marriage of the kings in  Ajatappareng Confederation is motivated by power. Hence,  the kings married with the other king or the noble aristocrat from  Tomanurung generation, because just a man who has high rank of nobility can be a king. Keywords: political marriage, power inheritance, Ajatappareng Confederation, South Sulawesi Penelitian ini mengkaji motivasi dari perkawinan politik atau politik perkawinan di Sulawesi Selatan, khususnya di lima kerajaan Bugis yang menjadi anggota Konfederasi Ajatappareng. Selain itu dideskripsikan pula bagaimanakah bentuk perkawinan politik atau politik perkawinan jika dikaitkan dengan pola pewarisan kekuasaan yang berlaku di Konfederasi Ajatappareng. Kajian ini menemukan bahwa raja-raja di Konfederasi Ajatappareng tidak mengikuti pola perkawinan ideal Bugis yaitu pola perkawinan dengan kerabat dekat. Perkawinan raja-raja di Konfederasi Ajatappareng adalah bermotivasikan kekuasaan. Karena itu, para raja melakukan perkawinan dengan sesama raja atau bangsawaan yang murni generasi Tomanurung, karena hanya mereka yang derajat darah kebangsawanannya tinggi yang bisa dilantik menjadi raja. Kata Kunci: perkawinan politik, politik perkawinan, Konfederasi Ajatappareng, Sulawesi Selatan.

  14. Field measurements of trace gases and aerosols emitted by peat fires in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, during the 2015 El Niño

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockwell, Chelsea E.; Jayarathne, Thilina; Cochrane, Mark A.; Ryan, Kevin C.; Putra, Erianto I.; Saharjo, Bambang H.; Nurhayati, Ati D.; Albar, Israr; Blake, Donald R.; Simpson, Isobel J.; Stone, Elizabeth A.; Yokelson, Robert J.

    2016-09-01

    Peat fires in Southeast Asia have become a major annual source of trace gases and particles to the regional-global atmosphere. The assessment of their influence on atmospheric chemistry, climate, air quality, and health has been uncertain partly due to a lack of field measurements of the smoke characteristics. During the strong 2015 El Niño event we deployed a mobile smoke sampling team in the Indonesian province of Central Kalimantan on the island of Borneo and made the first, or rare, field measurements of trace gases, aerosol optical properties, and aerosol mass emissions for authentic peat fires burning at various depths in different peat types. This paper reports the trace gas and aerosol measurements obtained by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, whole air sampling, photoacoustic extinctiometers (405 and 870 nm), and a small subset of the data from analyses of particulate filters. The trace gas measurements provide emission factors (EFs; grams of a compound per kilogram biomass burned) for up to ˜ 90 gases, including CO2, CO, CH4, non-methane hydrocarbons up to C10, 15 oxygenated organic compounds, NH3, HCN, NOx, OCS, HCl, etc. The modified combustion efficiency (MCE) of the smoke sources ranged from 0.693 to 0.835 with an average of 0.772 ± 0.053 (n = 35), indicating essentially pure smoldering combustion, and the emissions were not initially strongly lofted. The major trace gas emissions by mass (EF as g kg-1) were carbon dioxide (1564 ± 77), carbon monoxide (291 ± 49), methane (9.51 ± 4.74), hydrogen cyanide (5.75 ± 1.60), acetic acid (3.89 ± 1.65), ammonia (2.86 ± 1.00), methanol (2.14 ± 1.22), ethane (1.52 ± 0.66), dihydrogen (1.22 ± 1.01), propylene (1.07 ± 0.53), propane (0.989 ± 0.644), ethylene (0.961 ± 0.528), benzene (0.954 ± 0.394), formaldehyde (0.867 ± 0.479), hydroxyacetone (0.860 ± 0.433), furan (0.772 ± 0.035), acetaldehyde (0.697 ± 0.460), and acetone (0.691 ± 0.356). These field data support significant revision

  15. Snakebite in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randy Adiwinata

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia as one of the largest tropical and agricultural countries in the world shared the particularly high burden cases of snakebite. In the last decade, World Health Organization (WHO has listed snakebite as one of the neglected tropical disease. The clinical manifestations of snakebite could vary according to the type of venoms ranging from mild to life threatening condition. Appropriate first aid treatment and comprehensive management of snakebite cases are warranted to reduce mortality and morbidity rates. Key words: snakebite, neglected tropical disease, Indonesia, treatment, antivenom

  16. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2009-01-01

    Indonesia’s external borrowing spreads increased by more than 1000 bps from mid-2007 to late 2008, before subsiding in recent months. The large increase in spreads prompted questions about whether the spreads adequately reflect the improvements in fundamentals made over the past few years. This Selected Issues paper examines the determinants of Indonesia’s spreads, and finds that fundamentals can explain both the level of and the increase in spreads. It uses a cross-country panel regressi...

  17. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2004-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper takes stock of the progress made in meeting the objectives under Indonesia’s Extended Arrangements (1998–2003) program. The paper addresses progress in achieving the programs’ core macroeconomic objectives, with an emphasis on how Indonesia’s economic recovery compares with those of the other major Asian “crisis†countries. A major conclusion of the paper is that, while significant progress has been made against many of the key objectives of the arrangeme...

  18. Youth Idleness in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Elfindri Elfindri; Bemby Soebiakto; Harizal Harizal; Jahen F. Rezki

    2015-01-01

    This study is concerned with the issue of youth idleness in Indonesia. Soaring idleness at a younger age has a serious impact on economic and social aspects, which have been discussed in various literatures recently. A limited research available on it is in the context of Indonesia. In this paper, we assess models on the probability of youth as potential job seekers denoted as unemployment as well as passive job seekers, called as ‘idle’ youth, and try to understand contributing factors to ex...

  19. Turning point for Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parsons, R.

    2006-07-21

    Indonesia's government has started to reform its subsidies policy, but structural reforms are needed to encourage more foreign investment. In 2005, Indonesia's coal production increased by 11% to 146.8 Mt, PT Bumi Resources being the largest producer. In March 2006 Bumi announced the sale of its coal interests to a consortium of foreign and Indonesian investors. Other major producers, PT Adaro, PT Berau Coal, PT Kideco and state-owned PT Bukat Asam all increased production in 2005. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  20. EFIKASI DAN KEAMANAN DIHIDROARTEMISININ-PIPERAKUIN PADA PENDERITA PLASMODIUM VIVAX DI KALIMANTAN DAN SULAWESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armedy Ronny Hasugian

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan bagian dari penelitian “Monitoring drug resistance in subject with P.falciparum and  P.vivax malaria in Kalimantan and Sulawesi, Indonesia” yang bertujuan untuk menilai efikasi dan keamanan Dihydroartemisinin – Piperaquine (DHP pada penderita malaria vivaks di Kalimantan dan Sulawesi. Disain penelitian adalah potong lintang dengan prospektif evaluasi terhadap 87 subyek penderita P. vivax. Efikasi dan keamanan DHP dinilai berdasarkan kriteria WHO. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa efikasi DHP secara Intention To Treat (ITT pada Hari 28 (H28 setelah pengobatan DHP adalah 94,3% (95%CI: 87,2 – 97,5 dan H42 adalah 92% (95%CI: 87,2 – 97,5. Efikasi DHP secara Per Protokol (PP pada H28 adalah 100% dan H42 adalah 97,6% (95%CI:91,5 – 99,3. Bebas parasit 100% terjadi pada H2. Bebas gametosit 100% terjadi pada H7. Bebas demam 100% terjadi pada H7. Bebas gejala klinis tidak pernah mencapai 100% pasca pengobatan DHP. Kejadian sampingan yang ditemukan adalah berkeringat, tidak nafsu makan dan diare,  tetapi ringan dan dapat ditolerir.  Oleh karena itu dapat disimpulkan efikasi dan keamanan DHP sesuai dengan kriteria WHO dan dapat direkomendasikan untuk penggunaan secara luas.   Kata Kunci: Malaria, Efikasi, dihidroartemisinin, piperaquine, Kalimantan, Sulawesi 

  1. Penggunaan Pupuk Kandang pada Padang Rumput di Lahan Kering Sulawesi Tenggara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harapin Hafid H

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Generally, the permanent pasture of dry farming in South East Sulawesi is dominated by the perennial grass and coppi plant, which have very low palatability and benefit for livestock. The aim of the research was to increase the productivity of pasture in South East Sulawesi by introducing perennial grasses and manure application. The experiment was conducted in UPTD and analytical laboratory of FMIPA from April to September 2006 using three types of perennial grasses i.e. Brachiaria decumbens, Paspalum dilatatum and Cynodon plectostachyrus. Perception conducted to calculate the botanical composition and soil properties before and after the treatment. The field experiment was carried out as two factorial experiment arranged in Randomized Block Design. The first factor was the species of perennial grass and the second factor was different level of manure fertilizer. The result of the experiment showed that the crude fibre content of B. decumbens was lower than those of P. dilatatum and C. plectostachyrus. The crude fibre content increased with the increasing manure application. But the protein content of B. decumbens was higher than those of P. dilatatum and C. plectostachyrus. It is suggested to plant B. decumbens to get higher quality forage for livestock in South East Sulawesi.

  2. The progress on governing REDD+ in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mas Achmad Santosa

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is one of the ten most forest-rich countries in the world. Almost 70 per cent of Indonesia’s mainland is covered with forest. However, Indonesia faces one of the highest rates of forest loss in the world. Deforestation and forest degradation accounts for more than 60 per cent of carbon emissions in Indonesia. Being aware of that fact and the danger of climate change, in October 2009, Indonesia voluntarily committed to reduce emissions by 26 per cent from business as usual by 2020 through national efforts, and by 41 per cent with international support. Indonesia’s commitment has gained international support; chiefly from Norway, which signed a Letter of Intent on 26 May 2010. To formalise the commitment, Presidential Decree No 19/2010 on Task Force for the preparation of REDD+ Agency and Presidential Instruction No 10/2011 on moratorium on new licenses and improvement of natural primary forest and peat land governance have been issued. The Presidential Decree ended on 30 June 2011 and was continued by Presidential Decree No 25/2011, which was later amended by Presidential Decree No 05/2013. The third Presidential Decree will conclude in the middle of 2013. The expected outputs are: establishment of a New REDD+ agency; measurement, reporting and verification instrument; funding instrument; improvement on forest governance, including legislative reform, law enforcement and administrative procedures; and gazetting forest areas and consolidating licenses through legal audit and legal compliance or legal due diligence in the pilot province. The new REDD+ Agency is expected to be established in 2013. The Agency will be an independent central agency, directly responsible to the President of the Republic of Indonesia, and will be responsible for leading and coordinating the national effort to reduce the country’s carbon emission.

  3. Legal and actual central bank independence

    OpenAIRE

    Artha, I.K.D.S.; J. de Haan

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-2008 and compares it with a new legal CBI indicator based on Cukierman (1992). The indicator of actual independence captures institutional and economic factors that affect CBI. We find that before 199...

  4. THE CONSTRUCTION AND CONTESTATION OF ISLAMIC IDENTITY OF THE BAJO PEOPLE IN WAKATOBI ISLANDS, SOUTH EAST SULAWESI, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benny Baskara

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available On the one one hand, the Bajo people are well-known as ‘the sea people’ who have their own indigenous belief system – belief in the Lord of the Sea. On the other hand, they also acknowledge themselves as Muslims. Thus, the religious identity of the Bajo people reflects a unique combination of Islamic teachings and their indigenous beliefs. This unique combination is not only expressed in their religious life, in their rituals and worship practices, but also in the values found in their customary practices (adat as a guiding system for their life. This paper examines the construction and contestation of the religious identity of the Bajo people, especially how they construct their identities in relation to their natural, social, and religious environments. The contestation of the Bajo religious identity covers three aspects: the contestation of the Islam of ‘the sea people’ against the Islam of ‘the land people’, the contenstation of the ‘official’ Islam against the ‘traditional’ Islam, and the challenges of modernity, especially the commodification of the Bajo religious expressions. This contestation, in turn, reconstructs their religious identity into a more adaptive one.

  5. Lithophaga (Bivalvia, Mytilidae), including a new species, boring into mushroom corals (Scleractinia, Fungiidae) of South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kleemann, K.; Hoeksema, B.W.

    2002-01-01

    Bivalve species of the mytilid genus Lithophaga, including a new one, are recorded from Indonesian mushroom corals (Scleractinia, Fungiidae). True associations with live hosts including L. laevigata, L. lessepsiana, L. lima, L. punctata spec. nov., and L. simplex, while specimens of L. malaccana and

  6. Ornamental Marine Species Culture in the Coral Triangle: Seahorse Demonstration Project in the Spermonde Islands, Sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Susan L.; Janetski, Noel; Abbott, Jessica; Blankenhorn, Sven; Cheng, Brian; Crafton, R. Eliot; Hameed, Sarah O.; Rapi, Saipul; Trockel, Dale

    2014-01-01

    Ornamental marine species (‘OMS’) provide valuable income for developing nations in the Indo-Pacific Coral Triangle, from which most of the specimens are exported. OMS culture can help diversify livelihoods in the region, in support of management and conservation efforts to reduce destructive fishing and collection practices that threaten coral reef and seagrass ecosystems. Adoption of OMS culture depends on demonstrating its success as a livelihood, yet few studies of OMS culture exist in th...

  7. Effectiveness of Learning Tool Basic Dance South Sulawesi (Mandar) Sendratasik Education Study Program Faculty of Arts and Design Makassar State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padalia, Andi; Salam, Sofyan; Amir; Arsyad, Nurdin

    2015-01-01

    Objective research to determine the effectiveness of the learning device Basic Dance South Sulawesi (Mandar) on Sendratasik Education Program Faculty of Arts and Design University of Makassar. This type of research is the Research and Development (R & D). The object of research includes learning tools Basic Dance South Sulawesi (Mandar) in the…

  8. Cyclosporiasis Outbreak, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Blans, Marjolijn C.A.; Ridwan, Ben U.; Verweij, Jaco J.; Rozenberg-Arska, Maja; Verhoef, Jan

    2005-01-01

    We describe an outbreak of Cyclospora cayetanensis infection among Dutch participants at a scientific meeting in September 2001 in Bogor, Indonesia. Fifty percent of the investigated participants were positive for C. cayetanensis. To our knowledge, this outbreak is the first caused by C. cayetanensis among susceptible persons in a disease-endemic area.

  9. Measuring Change in Indonesia.

    OpenAIRE

    Kathleen Beegle; Elizabeth Frankenberg; Duncan Thomas

    1999-01-01

    After almost three decades of sustained economic growth, Indonesia is currently in the midst of a major economic and financial crisis. This paper seeks to contribute new evidence on three questions: who has been affected most by the crisis, how they have been affected and how they have responded to the crisis.

  10. Prehospital care in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Pitt, E.; Pusponegoro, A

    2005-01-01

    Current system: Hospitals of varying standards are widespread but have no system of emergency ambulance or patient retrieval. Indonesia's only public emergency ambulance service, 118, is based in five of the biggest cities and is leading the way in paramedic training and prehospital care.

  11. Bandung City, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tarigan, A.K.M.; Sagala, S.S.; Samsura, D.A.A.; Fiisabiilillah, D.F.; Simarmata, H.A.; Nababan, M.

    2016-01-01

    Bandung City has grown to become a very important centre in Indonesia, demonstrating a higher economic growth rate than the national average. It has experienced many challenges resulting from rapid urbanisation, including slums, basic infrastructures, and flooding. Despite such issues, a gradual imp

  12. My Classroom: Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balazs, Erica

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the teaching experiences of Alief Noor Farida--a junior lecturer at Indonesia's "Universitas Negeri Semarang" (Semarang State University [UNNES]). Now teaching her fourth semester and an alumna of the English Education program at UNNES, Ms. Farida is an especially motivated and dedicated educator. She teaches 18…

  13. Indonesia's Decentralization After Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Ma, Jun; Hofman, Bert

    2000-01-01

    In 1999, the Indonesian Parliament adopted two laws requiring that drastic decentralization measures be implemented in fiscal 2001 in a "big bang" fashion. Several lessons can be drawn from Indonesia's experience. 1) Ideally, decentralization should be managed so that the devolution of fiscal resources occurs in line with the devolution of spending. In reality, politics determines the devo...

  14. ANALISIS EKSPOR KOPI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SRI - WIDAYANTI

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT   This study aimed at analyzing, firstly, the factors influencing the coffee export of Indonesia; secondly, the factors influencing the domestic coffee supply; and thirdly, the factors influencing the domestic coffee demand. This research used secondary data, time series data of 1975–1997 which were collected from many resources, i.e. Statistical Center Bureau (BPS, Trade Department, Indonesian Coffee Exporter Association, Forestry and Commercial Agricultural Enterprise Department, and the Indonesian Bank. The factors influencing the coffee export of Indonesia as well as the domestic coffee demand and supply were analyzed by simultaneous equation model in the form of double logarithm using the two stage least square method (2SLS. The research results show that the factors influencing the export quantity of coffee were the coffee FOB price, the coffee price in domestic markets, the exchange rate and the coffee supply of the previous year. The coffee export price had negative correlation with the coffee export quantity of Indonesia with export supply elasticity toward the export price of 2.04. In other words, the increase of coffee export price was followed by the decrease of coffee export quantity. This condition was due to the low quality of the coffee export of Indonesia. The coffee price at domestic markets has positive correlation with the coffee export quantity of Indonesia. Export was still conducted when the coffee price at domestic markets increased because the demand for domestic coffee was still very low. Other factors positively influencing the coffee export quantity were the exchange rate of rupiah and the coffee supply of the previous year. The factors influencing the domestic coffee supply were the domestic coffee price, technology level and the coffee supply of the previous year. The domestic coffee price positively related to the coffee supply at domestic markets with a supply elasticity of 0.04. This means that the

  15. Indonesia : Accounting and Auditing

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2011-01-01

    This report is part of a joint initiative of the World Bank and IMF to prepare Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC). The ROSC Accounting and Auditing review for Indonesia mainly focuses on the strengths and weaknesses of the accounting and auditing environment that influences the quality of corporate financial reporting. It involves both a review of mandatory requirement...

  16. Genetic diversity of sago palm in Indonesia based on chloroplast DNA (cpDNA markers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MEMEN SURAHMAN

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abbas B, Renwarin Y, Bintoro MH, Sudarsono, Surahman M, Ehara H (2010 Genetic diversity of sago palm in Indonesia based on chloroplast DNA (cpDNA markers. Biodiversitas 11: 112-117. Sago palm (Metroxylon sagu Rottb. was believed capable to accumulate high carbohydrate content in its trunk. The capability of sago palm producing high carbohydrate should be an appropriate criterion for defining alternative crops in anticipating food crisis. The objective of this research was to study genetic diversity of sago palm in Indonesia based on cpDNA markers. Total genome extraction was done following the Qiagen DNA isolation protocols 2003. Single Nucleotide Fragments (SNF analyses were performed by using ABI Prism GeneScanR 3.7. SNF analyses detected polymorphism revealing eleven alleles and ten haplotypes from total 97 individual samples of sago palm. Specific haplotypes were found in the population from Papua, Sulawesi, and Kalimantan. Therefore, the three islands will be considered as origin of sago palm diversities in Indonesia. The highest haplotype numbers and the highest specific haplotypes were found in the population from Papua suggesting this islands as the centre and the origin of sago palm diversities in Indonesia. The research had however no sufficient data yet to conclude the Papua origin of sago palm. Genetic hierarchies and differentiations of sago palm samples were observed significantly different within populations (P=0.04574, among populations (P=0.04772, and among populations within the island (P=0.03366, but among islands no significant differentiations were observed (P= 0.63069.

  17. Cooperation Between Indonesia and ASEAN to Counter Terrorism in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    This paper will discuss cooperation between Indonesia and ASEAN to combat terrorism, although we cannot desperate Indonesia as ASEAN member, hence this section describes ASEAN and Indonesia as a whole. The Indonesian government's strategy as one of ASEAN member of implementing securitizing policy by increasing the cooperation between them in internal security particularly to fight against terrorism was potentially motivated by several contextual factors. Current paper builds u...

  18. HUBUNGAN ANTARA FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DENGAN PRODUKTIVITAS TAMBAK UNTUK RUMPUT LAUT (Gracilaria verrucosa DI PANTAI TIMUR PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Mustafa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Di pantai Timur Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan dijumpai tambak yang lebih luas dibandingkan dengan tambak di pantai Barat dan pantai Selatan. Tambak di pantai timur Sulawesi Selatan umumnya digunakan untuk budidaya rumput laut (Gracilaria verrucosa dengan kualitas dan kuantitas produksi yang tergolong tinggi. Informasi mengenai hubungan antara faktor lingkungan tambak (kualitas tanah dan kualitas air dengan produktivitas tambak untuk budidaya rumput laut di pantai Timur Sulawesi Selatan menjadi pokok bahasan dalam tulisan ini. Produktivitas tambak untuk rumput laut di pantai Timur Sulawesi Selatan berkisar antara 150 dan 40.909 dengan rata-rata 7.187 kg kering/ha/tahun. Produktivitas tambak untuk rumput laut yang lebih tinggi di pantai Timur Sulawesi Selatan didapatkan pada tanah dengan pHF lebih besar 6,5; pHFOX lebih besar 4,0; pHF-pHFOX kurang dari 2,5; dan SPOS kurang dari 1,00%. Kandungan Fe tanah yang melebihi 5.000 mg/L dan Al yang melebihi 490 mg/L menyebabkan penurunan produktivitas tambak untuk rumput laut. Peningkatan kandungan PO4 tanah lebih besar dari 6,0 mg/L dapat meningkatkan produktivitas tambak untuk rumput laut secara nyata. Produktivitas tambak untuk rumput laut tertinggi didapatkan pada salinitas 25,6 ppt dan oksigen terlarut 8,39 mg/L dan tumbuh baik pada kisaran pH antara 6,00 dan 9,32; suhu antara 26,00°C dan 37,86°C; fosfat lebih besar 0,1000 mg/L; dan besi kurang dari 0,1000 mg/L di pantai Timur Sulawesi Selatan.

  19. Distal deltaic deposits document hydrological variability during the past 30 kyrBP in Lake Towuti, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Hendrik; Russell, James M.; Yudawati Cahyarini, Sri; Bijaksana, Satria; Wattrus, Nigel; Rethemeyer, Janet; Melles, Martin

    2014-05-01

    Lake Towuti (2.75°S, 121.5°E; 318 m a.s.l.) is a, 560 km2, 200-m deep tectonic lake at the downstream end of the Malili lake system, a set of five, ancient (1-2 MYr) tectonic lakes in central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The Mahalona River constitutes the largest tributary and connects Lake Towuti with the two upstream lakes Matano and Mahalona. The Mahalona River Delta is prograding into the >200m deep northern basin of Lake Towuti. Tracing past variability of Mahalona River discharge is therefore an important puzzle piece for the understanding of depositional dynamics in Lake Towuti as well as catchment hydrology and hydrological connectivity between the Malili Lakes. Distal deltaic deposits can help identifying past variability in river discharge and delta dynamics. Using highly resolved seismic reflection data collected between 2007-2013 we identified a stack of acoustically laminated reflections in Towuti's extensive and morphologically flat deep northern basin. For detailed characterization of these acoustic features we collected a c. 20m long piston core from the basin centre at 200 m water depth reaching back to c. 30 kyrBP. Sediments in this piston core consist to 75% of mass wasting deposits (MWD) of variable thickness that are intercalated with pelagic muds (25%). MWD appear mostly homogenous (silt- to finesand-sized siliciclastics with high amounts of terrestrial plant macrofossils) with only thin (1-3 cm) basal sand layers and clay caps (Pelagic muds appear as thin to medium bedded slightly silty clays that are clearly distinguishable from MWD. The position of MWD identified in our piston core nicely correlates with acoustically laminated reflections identified in seismic profiles crossing the coring site. Based on these combined sedimentological and acoustic datasets we interpret MWD in Towuti's northern basin as distal deltaic deposits originating from the Mahalona River Delta. Frequencies and percentages (in terms of lithofacies contribution) of distal

  20. ICT and education in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Yuhetty, Harina

    2002-01-01

    This article describes about the development of Information, Communication and Technology in Indonesia and its use in Education in Indonesia. Indonesia as a third world country has a difficulties to seek, to receive, to process and to produce information. The lack of appropriate information at the right time will result in low productivity, low quality research works, and waste of time to pursue information and even to do research which actually had been done by others or in other countries. ...

  1. The Existence of Water Container as Risk Factor the Transmission of DHF in Palu, Central Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    Junus Widjaja

    2011-01-01

    During the period of three years (2003-2005) the number of dengue cases in Palu continues to increase, the number of cases in 2003 with 173 people with death ot 10 people (CFR 5.78%), in 2004 the number ofcasesfound among 210 people died (CFR 4.32%) and 2005 the number of cases found 627 people with 12 deaths (CFR2.21%). Objectives know the type, material and location conteiner as risk factors for the occurence of dengue in the city of Palu. The presence of mosquito breeding sites by species ...

  2. The Existence of Water Container as Risk Factor the Transmission of DHF in Palu, Central Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junus Widjaja

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available During the period of three years (2003-2005 the number of dengue cases in Palu continues to increase, the number of cases in 2003 with 173 people with death ot 10 people (CFR 5.78%, in 2004 the number ofcasesfound among 210 people died (CFR 4.32% and 2005 the number of cases found 627 people with 12 deaths (CFR2.21%. Objectives know the type, material and location conteiner as risk factors for the occurence of dengue in the city of Palu. The presence of mosquito breeding sites by species container buckets(OR=3.6 p=O.OO and jars (OR=5.2 p=0.03, plastic materials (OR=1.7 p=O.Ol, state conteiner not closed (OR =0. 04 p=1.2 and location container in the house (OR=1.3 p= 0.01 were risk factors associated with the incidence of dengue in the city of Palu. Need extension 3M, an increase in the real role of DHF and soon formed a working group JUMANTIK in Palu.

  3. Indonesia's migration transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hugo, G

    1995-01-01

    This article describes population movements in Indonesia in the context of rapid and marked social and economic change. Foreign investment in Indonesia is increasing, and global mass media is available to many households. Agriculture is being commercialized, and structural shifts are occurring in the economy. Educational levels are increasing, and women's role and status are shifting. Population migration has increased over the decades, both short and long distance, permanent and temporary, legal and illegal, and migration to and between urban areas. This article focuses specifically on rural-to-urban migration and international migration. Population settlements are dense in the agriculturally rich inner areas of Java, Bali, and Madura. Although the rate of growth of the gross domestic product was 6.8% annually during 1969-94, the World Bank ranked Indonesia as a low-income economy in 1992 because of the large population size. Income per capita is US $670. Indonesia is becoming a large exporter of labor to the Middle East, particularly women. The predominance of women as overseas contract workers is changing women's role and status in the family and is controversial due to the cases of mistreatment. Malaysia's high economic growth rate of over 8% per year means an additional 1.3 million foreign workers and technicians are needed. During the 1980s urban growth increased at a very rapid rate. Urban growth tended to occur along corridors and major transportation routes around urban areas. It is posited that most of the urban growth is due to rural-to-urban migration. Data limitations prevent an exact determination of the extent of rural-to-urban migration. More women are estimated to be involved in movements to cities during the 1980s compared to the 1970s. Recruiters and middlemen have played an important role in rural-to-urban migration and international migration. PMID:12347370

  4. Smoking problem in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Tjandra Y Aditama

    2002-01-01

    Smoking is an important public health probLem in Indonesia. Up to 60% of male adult population as well as about 4% of female adult population are smokers. In fact, some of Indonesian kretek cigarettes have quite high tar and nicotine content. Besides health effect, smoking habit also influence economic status of the individuals as well as the family. In health point of view, even though reliable nation wide morbidity and mortality data are scarce, report from various cities showed smoking rel...

  5. Urban Inequality in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Takahiro Akita; Alit Pirmansah

    2011-01-01

    According to an inequality decomposition analysis by urban and rural sectors in Indonesia, urban inequality's contribution to overall inequality in per capita household expenditure has been increasing steadily with widening urban inequality and urbanization proceeding following globalization and financial/trade liberalization. According to the Theil T index, the contribution rose from 54% to 63% during the 1996-2002 period. Urban inequality is expected to play a more important role in overall...

  6. Indonesia's Clean Air Program

    OpenAIRE

    Budy P. Resosudarmo

    2002-01-01

    Unprecedented industrial development in Indonesia during the last two decades, accompanied by a growing population, has increased the amount of environmental damage. One of the most important environmental problems is that the level of air pollution in several large cities has become alarming, particularly in the last few years. This high pollution level has stimulated the government to develop a national clean air program designed to control the quantity of pollutants in the air. However, th...

  7. Indonesia's new muslim intellectuals

    OpenAIRE

    Kersten, Carool

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, there has been a growing appreciation among scholars with an interest in contemporary Muslim thought for the contributions by Indonesia's new Muslim intellectuals. The realisation that Indonesians are in the vanguard of a significant rethinking of the place of religion in the present-day Islamic world is helped by the progress in the research on Southeast Asian Islam and resultant corrections of the received knowledge of its place in the context of the wider Muslim world. Whi...

  8. Unlocking Indonesia's Geothermal Potential

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Development Bank (ADB)

    2015-01-01

    This report was produced jointly by the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank and is based on a series of technical assistance activities conducted during 2013-2014. The study documents key issues that have constrained the development of Indonesia's geothermal power development sector, including tari?s, tendering processes, financial considerations, permitting, and inter-agency coordination. The report then makes a set of comprehensive recommendations to unlock the potential of the sector...

  9. Community radio in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Hollander, Ed; Hidayat, Dedy Nur; Haenens, Leen

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the ways in which efforts aimed at democratising the media system and empowering communities in Indonesia in three discursive periods (the 1998 "Revolution Movement", the "Reform Era" follow-up, and the 2002 Broadcasting Act up till the present time) have ebbed and flowed. The main result of the changing winds so far has been the liberalisation of the market, in line with global media trends. The Government has tried to frustrate the prospects of community media. Hence, t...

  10. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2015-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper looks at links between Indonesia’s commodities sector and recent corporate sector and banking system performance. On the production side, oil and natural gas output has fallen since 2010, with existing fields in decline, while production of coal, palm oil, and rubber output has increased steadily. Recent trends in commodity exports have had a significant impact on corporate revenues and profits. For corporations operating in the nonrenewable commodities sector, li...

  11. DESENTRALISASI PENGELUARAN DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Herni Rochana

    2016-01-01

    Since the implementation of Law 22/1999 and Law 25/1999 of 2001, has been an increase in the implementation of fiscal decentralization with a phenomenon called Big Bang. The study was conducted to determine the degree of decentralization of expenditure covering the period before and after the implementation of regional autonomy. The research data is a panel data drawn from 30 provinces between 1994 to 2007. The results showed that in Indonesia there has been a significant increase in expendit...

  12. Buddhism in Muslim Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Karel Steenbrink

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an overview of various ways in which Buddhists and Muslims have lived together in Indonesia since the arrival of Islam about 1200. It tells how Buddhism has slowly disappeared and become a religion for mainly the Chinese who, until the late 19th century, have often converted to Islam. This article analyzes the role of three key figures in the recent government–supported revival of Buddhism. These figures are the Chinese–Indonesian monk Ashin Jinarakkhita, the Balin...

  13. Indonesia; Managing Decentralization

    OpenAIRE

    Ehtisham Ahmad; Ali M. Mansoor

    2002-01-01

    The process of decentralization in Indonesia was initiated after a long period of autocratic rule. Despite the political imperatives, there is a need to carefully sequence the fiscal decentralization to ensure that financing follows the assignment of functions. The functions should be commensurate with the capacity to provide public services. The paper argues for the proper sequencing to avoid jeopardizing macroeconomic stability or the effective delivery of public services.

  14. Kembalinya Konservatisme Islam Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Din Wahid

    2014-01-01

    Martin van Bruinessen, ed, Contemporary Development in Indonesian Islam, Explaining the “Conservative Turn”, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2013, pp. 240 + xxxiv.Contemporary Developments in Indonesian Islam: Explaining the ‘Conservative Turn’ consists of four articles analyzing conservative currents among Muslims in Indonesia. The  book’s first two articles deal with established Muslim organizations, namely the Council of Indonesian ‘Ulama (MUI) and Muhammadiyah, while the ...

  15. KONTEKSTUALISASI (PENDIDIKAN) ANTROPOLOGI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    P M Laksono

    2013-01-01

    Dunia pendidikan Indonesia saat ini berada dalam kondisi yang ambivalen. Pendidikan yang seharusnya dapat secara positif membekali manusia dengan modal pengetahuan praktis maupun substantif yang berguna justru mempunyai potensi yang sebaliknya, yaitu menjadi kendala bagi pembangunan berkelanjutan karena tuntutan-tuntutan praktis, khusus, dan sesaat yang dikehendaki oleh kepentingan-kepentingan ekonomi, politik, dan sosial yang selalu berubah. Fakta tersebut menjadi latar belakang penulisan ar...

  16. INDEKS PEMBANGUNAN MANUSIA INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Bhakti Setiawan; Abdul Hakim

    2013-01-01

    Abstrak: Indeks Pembangunan Manusia Indonesia. Paper ini memodelkan perilaku Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM). Variabel-variabel independen yang dipertimbangkan adalah Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB), Pajak Pendapatan (PPN), variabel dummy desentralisasi pemerintahan, variabel dummy krisis tahun 1997, dan variabel dummy krisis tahun 2008. Dengan menggunakan Error Correction Model (ECM), paper ini menemukan bahwa PDB dan PPN berpengaruh terhadap IPM dalam jangka panjang maupun jangka pendek. Estim...

  17. ANALISIS EKSPOR KOPI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    SRI - WIDAYANTI; S. M. Kiptiyah - -; M. Iksan - Semaoen

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT   This study aimed at analyzing, firstly, the factors influencing the coffee export of Indonesia; secondly, the factors influencing the domestic coffee supply; and thirdly, the factors influencing the domestic coffee demand. This research used secondary data, time series data of 1975–1997 which were collected from many resources, i.e. Statistical Center Bureau (BPS), Trade Department, Indonesian Coffee Exporter Association, Forestry and Commercial Agricultural Enterprise Department, ...

  18. Reforming Indonesia's pension system

    OpenAIRE

    Leechor, Chad

    1996-01-01

    Indonesia's nascent capital markets stand to benefit significantly from a thriving pension industry. Now is the time to reform the pensions system, while it has a vibrant economy, rapidly rising income, and a young and growing workforce. The author suggests three main reforms. First, to reconsider the role of mandatory defined contribution (Jamsostek) plan. Second, to make employer sponsored pensions more attractive and affordable by: simplifying and expediting registration and approval proce...

  19. Democracy in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Kusmayati, Anne

    1994-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited There is a wide-spread adherence to democracy as a form of government. Since the development of the concept, many countries have defined and practiced democracy after necessary modifications based on respective national interests and political culture. So did Indonesia after it gained independence from the Dutch colony. Soekamo was the first president of the country. He developed and practiced parliamentary democracy and later 'guided ...

  20. Pendanaan Pendidikan Di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Syakdiah Syakdiah

    2015-01-01

    Education is universal basic human need. The Indonesian state founder also realize that matter Hence "educating the nation" representing one of the target of state founding. In the constitution it is aim mentioned that each citizen entitled to get the education. But in Indonesia development history , education sector always pulled over and get less attention. This is can be seen from the proportion of education sector in APBN ID. The implementation of education decentralization on the chan...

  1. Shakespeare Comes to Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Skupin Michael

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses the circumstances of Shakespeare’s arrival in Indonesia via the translations of Trisno Sumardjo, published in the early 1950’s. Biographical material about the translator will be presented, and there will be a discussion of the characteristics the Indonesian language and of Indonesian verse which would determine the expectations of his readers, such as rhyme, meter and style, that would influence his renderings of the poetic passages in the Bard’s plays. These are illustr...

  2. MEMAJUKAN KEBUDAYAAN NASIONAL INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Amri Marzali

    2014-01-01

    In this article a definition of culture is proposed in relation with the program of “the development of the Indonesian Culture.” This program, which is stated in the Indonesian Constitution, article No. 32, is the responsibility of the government of the Republic Indonesia to implement. The proposed definition is a result of an explorative study on the definitions of culture used in four important sources. The sources are anthropology, various disciplines of science beyond anthropology, articl...

  3. Designing Futures in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Crosby

    2016-08-01

    This curated issue takes as its departure point Fry’s notion that design broadly shapes the world we occupy. To ask what happens when the world we occupy is not conceived simply in terms of local issues and solutions, but rather as a set of shared concerns that are localised and play out through global flows. To do so this issue presents ten contributions from Indonesia.

  4. Indonesia, Sumatra, Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    This view shows the area around Northeastern Sumatra, Indonesia (1.0N, 104.0E). The city of Singapore and the Singapore Strait is in the center at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. The Singapore Strait is the eastern extension of the Strait of Malacca and separates the Malay Peninsula from Sumatra. Large sediment plumes from the rivers attest to the local soil erosion and industrial dumping ofd wastes.

  5. Are Local People Conservationists? Analysis of Transition Dynamics from Agroforests to Monoculture Plantations in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrice Levang

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cash crops are developing in the once forested areas of Indonesia in parallel with market and economic improvements. Perennial crops such as coffee, cocoa, and rubber were first planted in estates by private or public companies. Local people then integrated these crops into their farming systems, often through the planting of agroforests, that is, intercropping the new cash crop with upland rice and food crops. The crop was generally mixed with fruit trees, timber, and other useful plants. A geographic specialization occurred, driven by biophysical constraints and market opportunities, with expansion of cocoa in Sulawesi, coffee in Lampung, and natural rubber in eastern Sumatra. However, during the past three decades, these agroforests have increasingly been converted into more productive monoculture plantations. A common trajectory can be observed in agricultural landscapes dominated by a perennial cash crop: from ladang to agroforests, and then to monoculture plantations. This process combines agricultural expansion at the expense of natural forests and specialization of the land cover at the expense of biodiversity and wildlife habitats. We determined the main drivers of agricultural expansion and intensification in three regions of Indonesia based on perception surveys and land use profitability analysis. When the national and international contexts clearly influence farmers' decisions, local people appear very responsive to economic opportunities. They do not hesitate to change their livelihood system if it can increase their income. Their cultural or sentimental attachment to the forest is not sufficient to prevent forest conversion.

  6. Haliclona (Halichoclona) vanderlandi spec. nov. (Porifera: Demospongiae: Haplosclerida) from Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Weerdt, de, Wallie H.; Van, Soest

    2001-01-01

    A new sponge species, Haliclona (Halichoclona) vanderlandi is described from three Indonesian localities: Take Bone Rata, Kapoposang (SW Sulawesi) and Manadotua Island (NE Sulawesi). The species belongs to the family Chalinidae and is assigned to the subgenus Halichoclona of the genus Haliclona, hitherto known as the “fistulosa” group as distinguished by de Weerdt (1989).

  7. Haliclona (Halichoclona) vanderlandi spec. nov. (Porifera: Demospongiae: Haplosclerida) from Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weerdt, de W.H.; Soest, van R.W.M.

    2001-01-01

    A new sponge species, Haliclona (Halichoclona) vanderlandi is described from three Indonesian localities: Take Bone Rata, Kapoposang (SW Sulawesi) and Manadotua Island (NE Sulawesi). The species belongs to the family Chalinidae and is assigned to the subgenus Halichoclona of the genus Haliclona, hit

  8. ANALISIS USAHATANI TERPADU TANAMAN DAN TERNAK KAMBING DI AREAL PERKEBUNAN KELAPA DI SULAWESI UTARA

    OpenAIRE

    Derek Polakitan

    2014-01-01

    Coconut Commodity as a source of income many people in North Sulawesi. The area of   266,147.36 ha of coconut plantation largely cultivated in monoculture. Under these conditions it is necessary to empower that coconut farming remains a mainstay source of income for the family farm. Objective of the assessment that has been done is to analyze the integrated plant and goat farming in the area of   coconut plantation. The rationale, the lower the productivity of coconut. In the 2003 - 2004 has ...

  9. Food from the Sulawesi Sea, the need for integrated sea use planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Siahainenia, Audrie J.

    2016-01-01

    Mangroves occur in the tropics and subtropics region and an important coastal habitat for the artisanal fisheries along the coast of Indonesia. Around 19% of the total mangrove area in the world is located in Indonesia. Besides providing a barrier against coastal/Delta erosion, mangrove forest plays

  10. A Hidden Language – Dutch in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Maier, Hendrik M

    2005-01-01

    This paper discusses the impact of Indonesian language politics on the formation and consolidation of Indonesian national identity. Maier’s central argument is that Indonesia’s claim to have completely eradicated colonist language from that of the independent state is a myth. He contends rather, that the revolutionary fervor that drove the creation of a new language and national culture in Indonesia also contributed to the repression of the ongoing presence of Dutch in both its language a...

  11. Exploring Indonesia: Past and Present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schelander, Bjorn

    This book provides an overview of Indonesia's history and culture. The book begins with prehistoric times and continues through nationhood. Each chapter provides background information along with student activities and project suggestions. Chapters include: (1) "Introduction to the Lands and Peoples of Indonesia"; (2) "Early Indonesian Societies";…

  12. Indonesia : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2001-01-01

    This Country Financial Accountability Assessment (CFAA) report, supports the Government of Indonesia's efforts to reform the process of managing public resources, increase transparency in handling financial affairs, and combat corruption. The report assesses that the control environment in Indonesia is weak, despite a political leadership committed to improvement, and, recommends enacting ...

  13. EFEKTIVITAS DISTRIBUSI RASKIN DI PEDESAAN DAN PERKOTAAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamhari Jamhari

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to investigate effectiveness of rice for the poor program (Raskin in rural and urban Indonesia based on the National Socio Economic Survey data (Susenas collected by Central Bureau of Statistic (BPS in 2007. Number of sample was 52,370 households. Effectiveness of Raskin Program was measured by target, quantity and price accuracy indexes. Logistic regression model was used to identify factors affecting probability of a household to receive raskin or not. The results of analysis show that raskin distribution was not yet accurately reach the target beneficiaries. Raskin distribution was also not accurate in quantity and price. Quantity accuracy index was 58 percent in rural, 53 percent in urban and 57 percent in Indonesia. Price quantity index was 68 percent in rural, 63 percent in urban and 67 percent in Indonesia. Probability of a household to receive raskin was affected by education, gender, age, household member, income, employment, floor condition and location.

  14. PENINGKATAN DISIPLIN BERBAHASA INDONESIA KALANGAN REMAJA

    OpenAIRE

    Nurhayati S, Dr, M.Hum.

    2012-01-01

    Sejak dicetuskannya Sumpah Pemuda tanggal 28 Oktober 1928 dan sejak Indonesia Merdeka Tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, bahasa Indonesia telah menjalankan fungsi sebagai bahasa nasional dan sebagai bahasa negara. Fungsi bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa nasional adalah sebagai lambang identitas bangsa, lambang kebanggaan bangsa, sebagai alat perhubungan, dan sebagai alat pengembangan IPTEKS. Fungsi bahasa Indonesia kedudukannya sebagai bahasa negara adalah sebagai bahasa kenegaraan, sebagai bahasa pen...

  15. POTENSI EKOWISATA DAN STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN TAHURA NIPA-NIPA, KOTA KENDARI, SULAWESI TENGGARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alamsyah Flamin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the potency and nature tourism development strategy in the region of Tahura Nipa-Nipa. The research was conducted at the Regions Tahura Nipa-Nipa Kendari City in Southeast Sulawesi Province in 2010. The methodology of this study is to use surveys and The results showed that the potential attraction of Nipa-Nipa Tahura Region consists of potential flora-fauna and natural scenery. Potential flora consists of various plant species habitus trees, including the type of wood resin, Bintangur, Eha, including species of palm Nongella sp, and rattan. The endemic fauna are anoa, deer, Sulawesi black monkey, wild boar, species such as reptiles lizard, python. Some species of bird such as the pigeon forest, cuckoo. The potential natural beauty consists of objects such as Lahundape waterfall and a campground. Alternative strategies for developing ecotourism in the Nipa-Nipa Tahura is SO strategy to develop an optimal potential of flora, fauna, natural scenery and indigenous communities in package by using the support from the government and local communities. While WO strategies take advantage of the support of the community and the local government to improve the quality of tourism, particularly in the sights of Waterfall Lahundape. 

  16. Inventory and habitat study of orchids species in Lamedai Nature Reserve, Kolaka, Southeast Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DEWI AYU LESTARI

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Lestari DA, Santoso W (2011 Inventory and habitat study of orchids species in Lamedai Nature Reserve, Kolaka, Southeast Sulawesi. Biodiversitas 12: 28-33. Orchid is one of the ornamental plants which have been high commercial value. Therefore, orchid often has been over exploitation. Finally, some of orchid species are becoming threatened or even endangered. Purwodadi Botanical Garden as an institute of ex-situ conservation play role with it. The aim of this research is to inventory orchid’s species in Lamedai Nature Reserve, Kolaka, Southeast Sulawesi by explorative method. Observation for habitat study was focused on some ecological factors supported to orchids growth like host tree, zone growth on host tree, abundance of sunlight, thickness of substrate (moss, orchid species and number of invidual species. The result showed that there were 27 orchids species, consist of, 25 species (16 genera epiphytic orchid and 2 species terrestrial orchid such as Eulophia keitii var. celebica and Goodyera rubicunda (Blume Lindl. The host preference for the epiphytic orchid are the group of Myrtaceae family like Syzygium sp., Metrosideros vera Niederen and Metrosideros sp. They mostly grow on the main stem of the tree zone 1 on thick substrate (moss and get a little abundance of sunlight (calm.

  17. KURVA PHILLIPS DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Maichal Maichal

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to analyze the existence of the Philips curve in the Indonesian economy, 2000Q1-2010Q3. The results obtained by using OLS method shows that the expectations augmented Philips curve and the New Keynesian Philips curve models cannot give a clear results of Philips curve existence in the Idonesia economy. Shocks variable such as percentage change of exchange rates and crude oil prices provide a very small effect on the inflation rate in Indonesia. Furthermore, the results obtaine...

  18. Wahhabi influences in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Bruinessen, M.M. van

    2007-01-01

    Summary of paper presented at the Journée d’Etudes du CEIFR (EHESS-CNRS) et MSH sur le Wahhabisme. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales / Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, Paris, 10 June, 2002. The first alleged incursion of Wahhabism into Indonesia occurred in 1804, when three pilgrims returned from Mecca to West Sumatra and initiated a radical and occasionally violent movement of religious and social reform. Dutch observers soon assumed that these pilgrims had been influenced by Wahha...

  19. Energy Security in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Budy P. Resosudarmo; Ariana Alisjahbana; Ditya Agung Nurdianto

    2010-01-01

    The issue of energy security has been a subject of discussions in Indonesia for a long time. However, until the end of the 1990s, it had never been at the centre of the country's policy debates. The sharp depreciation of Rupiah during the 1997/98 Asian financial crisis and increase in the price of crude oil in the early 2000s made it very expensive to control domestic prices of fuel and electricity through subsidies. With approximately 43 percent of the country's energy sources derived from c...

  20. DETERMINAN PERMINTAAN KARET INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Hartana I Putra

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this research is to analyze the factors that determinant the rubber demand by Unites States of America. The analysis method of this research is Partial Adjustment Model. Demand of Indonesia rubber by United States of America at research time line of 1995.1 up to 2007.4, simply only influenced by the price of rubber in international market. As for international price influence of rubber to demand of rubber by United States of America from Indonesian is significant and negativity. Wh...

  1. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2010-01-01

    This paper takes an in-depth look into recent trade patterns to assess the extent of such concerns. It is found that (i) there is no strong evidence of Dutch Disease; (ii) weak performance in some sectors, so far, does not appear to be linked to the commodity boom; and (iii) although further reliance on commodities has increased Indonesia’s vulnerability to export price volatility, the terms of trade have actually been rather stable as import and export prices co-move markedly, mitigating s...

  2. Inventory of Forts in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinandi, N.; Suryaningsih, F.

    2015-08-01

    The great archipelago in Indonesia with its wealthy and various nature, the products and commodities of tropic agriculture and the rich soil, was through the centuries a region of interest for other countries all over the world. For several reasons some of these countries came to Indonesia to establish their existence and tried to monopolize the trading. These countries such as the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch and the British built strengthened trade stations which later became forts all over Indonesia to defend their interest. The archipelago of Indonesia possesses a great number of fortification-works as legacies of native rulers and those which were built by European trading companies and later became colonial powers in the 16th to the 19th centuries. These legacies include those specific structures built as a defence system during pre and within the period of World War II. These fortresses are nowadaysvaluable subjects, because they might be considered as shared heritage among these countries and Indonesia. It's important to develop a vision to preserve these particular subjects of heritage, because they are an interesting part of the Indonesian history and its cultural treasures. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia has national program to compile a comprehensive documentation of the existing condition of these various types of forts as cultural heritage. The result of the 3 years project was a comprehensive 442 forts database in Indonesia, which will be very valuable to the implementation of legal protection, preservation matters and adaptive re-use in the future.

  3. MEMAJUKAN KEBUDAYAAN NASIONAL INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amri Marzali

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article a definition of culture is proposed in relation with the program of “the development of the Indonesian Culture.” This program, which is stated in the Indonesian Constitution, article No. 32, is the responsibility of the government of the Republic Indonesia to implement. The proposed definition is a result of an explorative study on the definitions of culture used in four important sources. The sources are anthropology, various disciplines of science beyond anthropology, articles written by Indonesian cultural thinkers and a document published by UNESCO in 1983. Culture, according to the proposed definition is “the capacity or capabilities of the intellectual, emotional, and spiritual features of a social group which function to enhance the human dignity of the group.” By using this definition, it is hoped, the government of the Republic Indonesia will be able to design a public policy on “the development of the Indonesian Culture”, which is both modifiable and measurable.

  4. INDEKS PEMBANGUNAN MANUSIA INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Bhakti Setiawan

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Indeks Pembangunan Manusia Indonesia. Paper ini memodelkan perilaku Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM. Variabel-variabel independen yang dipertimbangkan adalah Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB, Pajak Pendapatan (PPN, variabel dummy desentralisasi pemerintahan, variabel dummy krisis tahun 1997, dan variabel dummy krisis tahun 2008. Dengan menggunakan Error Correction Model (ECM, paper ini menemukan bahwa PDB dan PPN berpengaruh terhadap IPM dalam jangka panjang maupun jangka pendek. Estimasi model ECM menemukan bahwa krisis ekonomi tahun 2008 berpengaruh terhadap IPM, sementara krisis tahun 1997 dan desentralisasi pemerintahan tidak berpengaruh terhadap IPM.   Kata kunci:  IPM, desentralisasi pemerintahan, produk domestik bruto, pajak pendapatan, ECM   Abstract: Human Development Index of Indonesia. This paper models the behavior of Human Development Index (HDI. Independent variables included in the model are Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Income Tax (PPN, a dummy variable on government decentralization, a dummy variable on the 1997 economic crisis, and a dummy variable on the 2008 crisis. The paper finds that GDP and PPN significantly influence IPM both in the short run and in the long run. The Error Correction Model (ECM estimation finds that the crises of 2008 influences IPM, while the crises in 1997 and government decentralization do not influence HDI.   Key words: Human Development Index, government decentralization, gross domestic product, income tax, ECM

  5. KAJIAN TVC WONDERFUL INDONESIA SEBAGAI CERMIN CITRA INDONESIA DI MATA DUNIA

    OpenAIRE

    Angela Oscario

    2013-01-01

    Tourism is one of the most important sectors supporting the economy of Indonesia. One way to develop the Indonesian tourism is strengthening the image of Indonesia in the world. To strengthen the image, Indonesia has replaced the old brand, Visit Indonesia, and launched a new brand, Wonderful Indonesia. Besides the logo, in order to campaign Wonderful Indonesia, some television commercials have been launched. An advertising, which creates a powerful image, not only has a great power to inf...

  6. EFISIENSI PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afif Amirillah

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to find out the factors that can cause the efficiency value difference of Islamic Banking in In-donesia. The data at this research is monetary data of Islamic Banking. It was obtained from Bank of Indonesia. Then, it was divided into input and output variables. The determination of input output variables at this research uses Value Added Approach. Its input output variables consist of Demand Deposits, Saving Deposits, Time Depo-sits, Paid -In Capital, Placement at Bank ofIndonesia, Inter Bank Assets, Mudharabah, Musyara kah, Murabahah, Istishna, Ijarahand Qardh. This research used Data Envelopment Analysis method. This method has a strength that is having the capability to measure inefficiency input output variables, so that, the variable can have the efficiency. This research has resulted Islamic Banking efficiency in Indonesia, but it does not include BPRS. The mean efficiency of Islamic banking in Indonesia is 99,94%. Penelitian ini bertujuan mencari faktor –faktor penyebab perbedaan nilai efisiensiperbankan syariah di Indo-nesia yang dibandingkan secara relatif untuk setiap periode. Data yang digunakan pada penelitian ini menggu-nakan data keuangan perbankan syariah yang diperoleh dari Bank Indonesia kemudian dibagi menjadi variabel input dan output. Penentuan variabel input dan output pada penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan Value Added Approach. Variabel input outputnyaterdiri dari : Giro iB, Tabungan iB, Deposito iB, Modal disetor, Pen-empatan padaBank Indonesia, Penempatan pada bank lain, Mudharabah, Musyarakah, Murabahah,Istishna, Ijarah dan Qardh. Pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode Data Envelopment Analysis yang mempunyai kel-ebihan dalam menghitung efisiensi untuk setiap variabel input outputyang mengalami inefisiensi. Penelitian ini menghasilkan nilai efisiensi perbankan syariah di Indoenesia (tidak termasuk BPRS. Efisiensi perbankan syariah di Indonesia mengalami efisiensi rata-rata sebesar 99,94%.

  7. Coal fires in Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Whitehouse, Alfred E.; Mulyana, Asep A.S. [Office of Surface Mining/Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Coal Fire Project, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Agency for Training and Education, Jl. Gatot Subroto, Kav. 49, Jakarta 12950 (Indonesia)

    2004-07-12

    Indonesia's fire and haze problem is increasingly being ascribed to large-scale forest conversion and land clearing activities making way for pulpwood, rubber and oil palm plantations. Fire is the cheapest tool available to small holders and plantation owners to reduce vegetation cover and prepare and fertilize extremely poor soils. Fires that escaped from agricultural burns have ravaged East Kalimantan forests on the island of Borneo during extreme drought periods in 1982-1983, 1987, 1991, 1994 and 1997-1998. Estimates based on satellite data and ground observations are that more than five million hectares were burned in East Kalimantan during the 1997/1998 dry season. Not only were the economic losses and ecological damage from these surface fires enormous, they ignited coal seams exposed at the ground surface along their outcrops.Coal fires now threaten Indonesia's shrinking ecological resources in Kutai National Park and Sungai Wain Nature Reserve. Sungai Wain has one of the last areas of unburned primary rainforest in the Balikpapan-Samarinda area with an extremely rich biodiversity. Although fires in 1997/1998 damaged nearly 50% of this Reserve and ignited 76 coal fires, it remains the most valuable water catchment area in the region and it has been used as a reintroduction site for the endangered orangutan. The Office of Surface Mining provided Indonesia with the capability to take quick action on coal fires that presented threats to public health and safety, infrastructure or the environment. The US Department of State's Southeast Asia Environmental Protection Initiative through the US Agency for International Development funded the project. Technical assistance and training transferred skills in coal fire management through the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource's Training Agency to the regional offices; giving the regions the long-term capability to manage coal fires. Funding was also included to extinguish coal fires as

  8. A Preliminary Case Study for Rectenna Sites in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purwanto, Y.; Collins, P.

    2004-12-01

    include the possibilities of environmental damage due to the high intensity electromagnetic energy from outer space. As is well known, most Indonesian land areas consist of tropical forest which is rich with flora and fauna; these may face risks from receiving such electromagnetic energy illumination. It is considered that rectenna location selection in the main islands (like Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Irian, etc.) which are densely populated should be avoided. The same conditions should also be considered for the location in the forest, due to the flora and fauna damage possibilities during the physical development process. From this study it can be considered that the appropriate rectenna location should be placed on uninhabited small coral islands (atoll) sized about 5x5 km 2 , which are located along the equator. Such coral islands are vailable in the western and eastern parts of Indonesia. It is also considered that such coral islands should be located not too far from major inhabited islands, that is about 5-10 km offshore due to the convenience of physical rectenna development and electric energy distribution to the mainland. Such a coral island is to be considered to suffer minimal effects if the surface is illuminated by microwave energy. The same effect suffered by resident creatures like birds and reptiles should also be minimal. Because of the very limited infrastructure available on the mainland (and likely no facilities at all), a rectenna development study should consider all technical risks. For example, antenna installation and building of other support components should be done in such a location so that sea surface transportation can be easily performed. Communication system may be performed only by radio transceivers and satellite systems. The existence of human resources, that are needed to physically develop buildings, must be considered since the location is a remote island. There will also be no expert staff available, so that they will

  9. ARAH PEMBARUAN HUKUM WAKAF INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Miftahul Huda

    2015-01-01

    Abstract:   By studying The Law Number 41 Year 2004 about Waqf, this paper describes the various methods and trends of waqf legal reform in Indonesia. Variety of methods of waqf legal reform in Indonesia using several methods, such as takh╣ī╣ al-qa╨ā, tahyīr, talfīq, and siyāsah shar‘iyyah. The trends of waqf legal reform in Indonesia leads toward a more comprehensive of understanding the law, the development of a more integrative governance of waqf, and an increase of capacity building of st...

  10. Has Decentralization in Indonesia Led to Elite Capture or Reflection of Majority Preference?

    OpenAIRE

    Chowdhury, Shyamal; Yamauchi, Futoshi

    2010-01-01

    Elite capture in the context of decentralization and democratization is a general concern in public good provision in developing countries. In this paper, we have empirically examined this hypothesis using a large rural household survey conducted in Indonesia concerning access of households to road and electricity services. In Indonesia, prior to decentralization, local infrastructure was supplied by a centralized authority that had the potential to provide infrastructures that did not match ...

  11. Health system performance at the district level in Indonesia after decentralization

    OpenAIRE

    Choi Yoonjoung; Heywood Peter

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Assessments over the last two decades have showed an overall low level of performance of the health system in Indonesia with wide variation between districts. The reasons advanced for these low levels of performance include the low level of public funding for health and the lack of discretion for health system managers at the district level. When, in 2001, Indonesia implemented a radical decentralization and significantly increased the central transfer of funds to district...

  12. Fertilitas Remaja di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mugia Bayu Raharja

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Fertilitas remaja merupakan isu penting dari segi kesehatan dan sosial karena berhubungan dengan tingkat morbiditas serta mortalitas ibu dan anak. Tujuan penelitian adalah mempelajari faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi fertilitas remaja di Indonesia. Data yang digunakan adalah hasil Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia tahun 2012 dengan unit analisis wanita usia subur yang termasuk dalam kategori usia remaja (15 - 19 tahun. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 6.927 responden. Analisis dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif dan inferensial menggunakan model regresi logistik biner. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa satu dari sepuluh remaja wanita tersebut pernah melahirkan dan atau sedang hamil saat survei dilakukan; sebesar 95,2% dari remaja yang sudah pernah melahirkan, memiliki satu anak sisanya sebesar 4,8% memiliki dua atau tiga anak; sebesar 11,1% dari remaja wanita yang pernah kawin, pertama kali kawin pada usia 10 - 14 tahun. Secara statistik, terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara kejadian fertilitas remaja dengan daerah tempat tinggal, pendidikan, status bekerja, serta tingkat kesejahteraan keluarga. Wanita berisiko tinggi mengalami fertilitas pada usia remaja adalah mereka yang tinggal di perdesaan, berpendidikan rendah, tidak bekerja dan berstatus ekonomi rendah. Rekomendasi berdasarkan hasil penelitian adalah akses ke tingkat pendidikan formal yang lebih tinggi bagi remaja wanita, penyediaan pelatihan usaha ekonomi kreatif terutama pada daerah perdesaan, peningkatan pengetahuan kesehatan reproduksi bagi remaja melalui pendidikan. Adolescent fertility is an important issue in terms of health and social care as it relates to the morbidity and mortality of mothers and children. This study aimed to know the factors that influence adolescent fertility in Indonesia. The data used was the result of Indonesian Demography and Health Survey in 2012 with units of analysis included women of childbearing age in the adolescent age group (15 - 19 years. Total

  13. COMODIFICATION OF MAENGKET DANCE IN MINAHASA, NORTH SULAWESI IN THE GLOBALIZATION ERA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Ivan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This research explores Comodification of Maengket Dance in Minahasa (TariMaengket hereon abbreviated to TM in the globalization era. It reveals the empiricalfield reality related to comodification. The influence of global culture in Minahasa hasbeen responsible for the cultural practices of capitalism such as the emergence of culturalindustry which refers to the comodification of cultural forms as amusement industry,mass culture, popular culture and culture of consumerism. The TM has been comodified,commercialized, touristified in such a way that new meanings and forms are created.This research is focused on (1 form of the comodification of the TM inMinahasa, North Sulawesi in the globalization area; (2 the factors which have beenresponsible for the comodification of the TM Minahasa, North Sulawesi, and (3 theeffects and meanings of the comodification of the TM in Minahasa, North Sulawesi in theglobalization era.The related data were collected through interview, observation and documentationand they were descriptively, qualitatively and interpretatively analyzed. The data sourcesare some key informants and some other ordinary ones. The purposive method wasemployed to interview them. The theories used are the theory of comodification(Fairlough, the theory of popular culture (Williams and Agger, the theory ofdeconstruction (Derrida and the theory of representation (Hall.The research findings show that comodifation has tended to the shift of the TMvalues following the pattern of arts organized by the ruler and entrepreneur, the pattern ofdistribution carried out through the inter group or institutional power relationship, andthat the form of comodification has taken place from the process of production to thecommunity of consumers which have been conditioned. It has also been found out thatthe factors of the supporting community, the creativity of the artists, Christianization,industry of culture, mass media and tourism have been responsible for

  14. Interregional migration flows in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wajdi, N.; van Wissen, L.J.G.; Mulder, C.H.

    2015-01-01

    Population Census and Intercensal Population Survey data permit description of the origin–destination patterns that characterize interregional migration flows in Indonesia. Application of the framework of population redistribution proposed by Long (1985) results in indications of over-urbanization,

  15. Induced abortion in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, T H; Sarwono, S W; Widyantoro, N

    1993-01-01

    Induced abortion is one of the most difficult sociomedical problems facing the Indonesian government. While well-known in traditional society, the practice was discouraged by all Indonesian religious groups, and forbidden by the Dutch colonial authorities. Although abortion was technically illegal under the criminal code, a judicial interpretation in the early 1970s permitted medical professionals to offer the procedure so long as they were discreet and careful. The numbers of medical abortions carried out in Indonesia rose dramatically, and there was evidence of matching declines in the incidence of morbidity and mortality caused by dangerous illegal procedures. Medical and community groups campaigned for a more liberal abortion law to protect legal practitioners and stamp out illegal traditional practices. Their efforts appeared to bear fruit in the draft Health Law, but when the law was passed by the legislature in late 1992, the issue was again clouded by contradictions and inconsistencies. PMID:8212094

  16. Pendanaan Pendidikan Di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syakdiah Syakdiah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Education is universal basic human need. The Indonesian state founder also realize that matter Hence "educating the nation" representing one of the target of state founding. In the constitution it is aim mentioned that each citizen entitled to get the education. But in Indonesia development history , education sector always pulled over and get less attention. This is can be seen from the proportion of education sector in APBN ID. The implementation of education decentralization on the chance of will upgrade and amenity access, but in the practically not such as those which expected. That happened exactly with privatiszation and education commercialization, so that education expense become costly. As a result a lot of school age child have no access go to the school because unable to pay education expense.

  17. Inventory of Forts in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Rinandi, N.; F. Suryaningsih

    2015-01-01

    The great archipelago in Indonesia with its wealthy and various nature, the products and commodities of tropic agriculture and the rich soil, was through the centuries a region of interest for other countries all over the world. For several reasons some of these countries came to Indonesia to establish their existence and tried to monopolize the trading. These countries such as the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch and the British built strengthened trade stations which later became...

  18. Dutch colonial anthropology in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Buskens, L.P.H.M.; Kommers, J.H.M.

    2007-01-01

    Attempts to assess the results of colonial anthropology in Indonesia faced some problems, which, until recently, have not been dealt with properly. Therefore, in a newly published comprehensive history of anthropology in the Netherlands, several studies focused on the character, rather than on the substance of colonial anthropology. In the case of Dutch colonial representations of Indonesia, 'colonial anthropology' appears to be an assemblage of various disciplines that constituted a fragment...

  19. PERSPEKTIF ARSITEKTUR SURYA DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Jimmy Priatman

    2000-01-01

    Solar energy is a prospective alternative resource due to its existence as a non-polluting source of renewable energy. The potency of solar energy in Indonesia at the belt of equator enables its usage in buildings directly to fulfill human needs. The integrative implementation of solar technology into building emerges specific challenges in architectural design and evolves a new architectural approach which is called "solar architecture". Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Energi surya merupakan ...

  20. Geothermal characterization in Sumatra and North Sulawesi using geothermometer T 18OSO4-H2O

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Determination of geothermal reservoir temperature of surface manifestation in Sumatra and Kotamobagu-North Sulawesi has been done using geothermometer isotope T18OSO4-H2O. SBY-3 (Sibayak) well temperature has also been determined as reference. Geothermometer T18OSO4-H2O method is performed by analyzing isotope 18O of H2O and 34S of sulphate ion (SO4) dissolved in the hot fluid. The value of temperature is determined using Mizutani Rafter formulation. The temperature determination result of boiling spring in Sumatra (Tambang Sawah, Waipanas, Rantau Dadap and Sarula) indicated that the temperature is above 200oC with the deep equilibrium fluid characteristic, where as the temperature of the non boiling spring indicates lower temperature (150oC) and the fluid characteristic is mixing. (authors)

  1. THE KARYOTYPE OF SEVEN SPECIES OF AMPHIBIANS (ANURAN ORDER FROM SOUTH-EAST SULAWESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasaruddin -

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available As chromosome of different species differs in the size, shape, and number, their caryotpes areexpected to provide a distinctive and characteristic feature of the organism. The caryotypes ofseven amphibian species : Limnonectes gruniens, L modestus, Rana (Hylarana chalconota,Fajervarya cancrivora, Polypedates celebensis, Bufo celebensis and B biporcatus of South EastSulawesi-origin were investigated. The result showed that the number of diploid chromosomes inthe seven anuran varied between 22-26. The highest diploid chromosomes were observed in Rchalconota, F cancrivora (26, followed by L gruniens, L modestus (24 and the lowest were observed22 in P celebensis, B celebensis and B biporcatus (22. In general, all the the seven anuran sharesfour metacentric chromosomes pairs which is in pairs No 5, 6, 9, and 10 respectively. Howeverdifferences were observed in other chromosomes pairs numbers among the seven species.

  2. INDONESIA DAN ASEAN: KAJIAN PERUBAHAN DASAR LUAR INDONESIA PASCA ERA PEMBAHARUAN

    OpenAIRE

    D a r w i s

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia telah memainkan peranan yang penting dalam ASEAN sejak tahun 1967. Walau bagaimanapun, krisis ekonomi 1997/1998 dan peningkatan konflik antara agama dan aktiviti pengganas di bahagian pelbagai Indonesia telah menjejaskan peranan Indonesia di ASEAN. Ini adalah satu kajian perubahan dasar luar Indonesia dalam diplomasi ASEAN. Soalan utama kajian ini bertujuan untuk menjawab apakah krisis ekonomi dan isu-isu politik dan keselamat...

  3. PROFIL PENGOBAT TRADISIONAL RAMUAN DAN RAMUAN OBAT HERBAL YANG DIGUNAKAN DI PROPINSI SULAWESI TENGGARA, KALIMANTAN SELATAN DAN LAMPUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sa'roni -

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Traditional healers ingredients to take part in increased of public health. Therefore to find traditional healers  ingredients base data to used for to treat, carry out cross-sectional design survey at three provinces those Southeast Sulawesi, South Kalimantan and Lampung with totally sample 48 every province. The results survey of traditional healers profile showed capacity sources of man in Southeast Sulawesi, South Kalimantan and Lampung yet low an education level and much traditional helers no practice yet. Showed ingredients to used for to treat public disorders there are ingredient’s to treat for cancer, diabetes mellitus, haemoroid, rheumatic, tuberculosis, stone blader, hight blood pressure, malaria and cough. Many plants for ingredients there are Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb, Andrographis paniculata Ness, Orthosiphon grandiflora Bold, Curcuma domestica Val, Zingiber officinale Roxb, Phaleria macrocarpa Boerl, Carica papaya L and Loranthus sp.

  4. PEMBIAYAAN KESEHATAN DI INDONESIA TAHUN 1990-2000

    OpenAIRE

    Ridwan Malik

    2012-01-01

    During the period before fiscal year 1996197, there were several activities have been done relate to national health financing such as data collection, analyses, research, and report in Indonesia. The activities was done without coordination by many agencies, it were conducted by National Institute of Health Research and Development-MOH (NIHRD), Bureau of Planning, Bureau of Finance-MOH, Central Bureau of Statistic (BPS), Universities, beside by International Agencies (World Bank, WHO, UNDP e...

  5. Ecological anthropology of households in East Madura, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, W. G.

    2011-01-01

      This dissertation is the result of diachronic and comparative anthropological study of rural households in Northeast Madura, Indonesia, carried out on eight separate visits between August 1985 and March 2009. The aim is to bring time-structured data to bear on key questions regarding the evolution of this rural community. My initial research from 1985 to 1987 focused on animal husbandry, household budgets, and time allocation, subjects central to Madurese society that had not been stud...

  6. Penile length of newborns and children in Surakarta, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Annang Giri Moelyo; Melita Widyastuti

    2013-01-01

    Background Penile length is a factor for assessing abnormalities in external genitalia. To diagnose micropenis, a condition in which penile length is < - 2.5 standard deviations (SD), a reference is required for diagnosis. Age and race/ethnic groups are factors that contribute to normal penile length. To date, Indonesia does not have such a reference for normal penile length in newborns and children. Objective To assess normal penile length in newborns and children in Surakarta, Central J...

  7. SUITABILITY AND AVAILABILTY ANALYSES OF MARGINAL LAND FOR MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L.) PRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTH SULAWESI

    OpenAIRE

    Baja, Sumbangan; Ramlan, Andi; Amrullah, A; Muh., Ramli

    2012-01-01

    In South Sulawesi, the program for maize development (called Gong) has recently been implemented by the provincial government, as part of promoting regional food security program. In some parts of the region, cultivation of maize (Zea mays L.) has long been practiced in different soil environments including marginal land. To help address this phenomenon, there is a need for information that will allow land managers to identify both the inherent suitability of land for maize production and dev...

  8. ANALISIS KEBIJAKAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN DALAM PERCEPATAN PENURUNAN AKI DAN AKB DI 5 KABUPATEN/KOTA DI PROVINSI SULAWESI UTARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turniani Laksmiarti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: The targets to reach decressing Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR. The government and district has the important role, especially nationally policies implementation. Objective: This study aimed to analyze policies issued by North Sulawesi Province in efforts to decrease MMR and /MR, because the SDKI data in 2002-2003 shows that MMR in North Sulawesi Province are 192 per 100.000 mortal birth and IMR 28 per 1000 mortal birth, is lower than enough in comparasion to other provinces. Method: It was a descriptive study that retrospectively analyzed policies issued in the past and are still in use The researches are qualitative and quantitative. Qualitative method developed by direct mterview to get the information about policies issued by the District Governments that have a direct association to decrease the MMR and IMR. Quantitative method used to get data that support the qualitative method. The researches samples taken purposively in 5 District in North Sulawesi Province. Result: In five research District North Sulawesi Province, there are 2 District that have not yet issued the health policies that supporting the decrease of MMR and IMR, that is North Minahasa and Tomohon, which is the developments District Government of North Mmahasa and South Minahasa. And the three other Districts have issued the policies in Decision Letter of Major about Mothercare Program started since 1997/ 1998. Generally, all of 5 researches District Government in North Sulawest Province have not yet develop Making Pregnancy Safer (MPS Strategy. Conclusion: In order to accelerate decreasing the MMR and IMR is needed not only the budget allocation between district government and national government, but also Memorandum of Understanding (MOU between district government and legislative so the program will be continuosly.Key words: policy analyze, policies implementation, maternal mortality rate and infant mortality rate

  9. The Reproductive Aspect of Tropical Abalone (Haliotis asinina L) in the Waters of Tanakeke Islands at South Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    Hadijah; Ambo Tuwo; Magdalena Litaay; Erni Indrawati

    2015-01-01

    The Objective of research was to analyze the reproductive aspect of abalone (Haliotis asinina L.) which included the beginning of gonad maturity, the peak of spawning season, the comparison of male and female abalone caught in the nature, the reproductive potential, and abalone fecundity. Research was located at the waters of Tanakeke Islands, Takalar District, South Sulawesi. Method of research was field survey. Sampling stations were determined based on the distribution of coral reef in the...

  10. INDUSTRI KREATIF INDONESIA: PENDEKATAN ANALISIS KINERJA INDUSTRI

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Kamil

    2015-01-01

    In 2008, the Department of Commerce of the Republic of Indonesia has launched a creative economic development documents interpreted the 2025 Indonesia became the starting point and guide the development of the creative economy in Indonesia. With the existence of this document, the industry and its stakeholders or other stakeholders can readily develop the creative economy in Indonesia. Economic development in the direction of the creative industries is one manifestation of optimism aspiration...

  11. The Indonesia Kit. A Study Kit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briere, Elaine; Gage, Susan

    This document is designed for Canadians interested in the South Pacific island chain nation of Indonesia. The kit includes information, photographs, and illustrations concerning Indonesia, West Papua (Irian Jaya), and East Timor. There are discussions of Indonesia's environment, its transmigration program, development refugees, and ties with…

  12. Indonesia Economic Quarterly, July 2014 : Hard Choices

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2014-01-01

    The Indonesia Economic Quarterly (IEQ) has two main objectives. First, it reports on the key developments over the past three months in Indonesia's economy, and places these in a longer term and global context. Based on these developments, and on policy changes over the period, the IEQ regularly updates the outlook for Indonesia's economy and social welfare. Second, the IEQ provides a m...

  13. DESENTRALISASI PENGELUARAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Herni Rochana

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the implementation of Law 22/1999 and Law 25/1999 of 2001, has been an increase in the implementation of fiscal decentralization with a phenomenon called Big Bang. The study was conducted to determine the degree of decentralization of expenditure covering the period before and after the implementation of regional autonomy. The research data is a panel data drawn from 30 provinces between 1994 to 2007. The results showed that in Indonesia there has been a significant increase in expenditure decentralization since 2001. Significant increases occurred mainly on the expenditure side, especially the decentralization of authority be spending more than doubled from the previous. On a national scale, the degree of decentralization of authority expenditure increased from 10.48% in the year 2000 to 25.45% in 2001. And the average for each province, the degree of decentralization of spending authority increased from 0.40% in 2000 to 0, 85% in 2001DOI: 10.15408/sjie.v2i2.2423

  14. The 339 Years of Living Dangerously in Indonesia: Earthquakes and Tsunamis in the Indonesian Region from 1538 to 1877

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, R. A.; Major, J.

    2013-05-01

    -thrust earthquakes (Heuret et al., 2012). However, during this time of relative quiescence enough tectonic strain energy has accumulated across several active faults to cause major earthquake and tsunami events, like those documented in historical records. The most vulnerable areas are the Molucca and Banda Sea regions where 65-90 mm/a of strain is accumulating along various subduction zone segments. The Java Trench area also posses a significant threat as well as long-quiet active faults in the Sulawesi region. With limited resources in Indonesia to address these issues it is imperative that mitigation strategies focus on the regions at highest risk. These strategies include 1) parameterization of the major earthquake and tsunami events documented in historical records, 2) reaching the 'last mile' in communicating risk, and 3) implementing effective mitigation strategies based on existing technologies and informed by local culture.

  15. PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PERILAKU MASYARAKAT TERHADAP FILARIASIS DI KABUPATEN MAMUJU UTARA, SULAWESI BARAT

    OpenAIRE

    Ni Nyoman Veridiana; Sitti Chadijah; Ningsi Ningsi

    2015-01-01

    AbstractFilariasis is still a health problem in Indonesia. It is wide distributed in almost all area of Indonesia. Number of cases reported are increase every year. The aim of this research were to identify the knowledge, attitude and practice related to filariasis and it’s correlation with incidence in North Mamuju District. This research was conducted in March to November 2011, by using observational and cross-sectional study design. Sample was head of family or family member more than 15 y...

  16. Perancangan Aplikasi Web Dinamis Pada Bank Indonesia Kantpr Cabang Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Saragih, Yeni F.

    2011-01-01

    Bank Indonesia merupakan satu-satunya bank sentral di Indonesia yang menangani berbagai kegiatan keuangan dan perbankan. Selain itu Bank Indonesia juga mendukung dan memberikan andil dalam menjalankan roda perekonomian di Indonesia. Karena pengaruhnya yang besar dalam roda perekonomian Indonesia maka lembaga ini telah meluncurkan sebuah web dinamis yang telah dipublikasikan oleh pimpinan Bank Indonesia di pusat (Jakarta). Website tersebut menyajikan berbagai informasi Bank Indonesia secara um...

  17. Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia: a qualitative and quantitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Yohmi

    2016-11-01

    prevalence ofexclusive breastfeeding. The prevalence of breastfeeding withoutformula was still the highest up to 12 months but the role of giving formula was increasing especially in rural area. The prevalence ofbreast milk introduced as the first milk was around 60%. Java andSumatra had lower prevalence of breast milk introduced as thefirst milk compared to Kalimantan and Sulawesi. We also foundthat mothers started giving solid food from an early age, especiallyin rural areas. With increasing age, the frequency of giving breastmilk declined in both urban and rural areas.Conclusion The overall prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding up to6 months of age in Indonesia was 49.8%. Maternal unemploymentand high family socioeconomic status were associated with longerduration of breastfeeding.

  18. STRENGTHENING BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Sastrapradja

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The wave of biotechnology promises has struck not only the developed countries but the developing countries as well. The scientific community in Indonesia is aware of the opportunities and is eager to take an active part in this particular endeavour. Meanwhile resources are required to welcoming the biotech­nology era. The need of trained manpower, appropriate infrastructure and equipment, operational and maintenance costs requires serious consideration if a unit or a laboratory is expected to be functional in biotechnology. There is a good opportunity of applying biotechnology in the field of agriculture and industry considering the availability of biological resources in Indonesia. This paper outlines what have been done so far, the difficulties encountered and the efforts made to strengthening biotechnology research in Indonesia.

  19. PERSPEKTIF ARSITEKTUR SURYA DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimmy Priatman

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Solar energy is a prospective alternative resource due to its existence as a non-polluting source of renewable energy. The potency of solar energy in Indonesia at the belt of equator enables its usage in buildings directly to fulfill human needs. The integrative implementation of solar technology into building emerges specific challenges in architectural design and evolves a new architectural approach which is called "solar architecture". Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Energi surya merupakan sumberdaya alternatif yang prospektif karena energi surya merupakan sumber energi yang dapat diperbarui dan tidak menimbulkan polusi. Potensi energi surya di Indonesia yang berada dijalur khatulistiwa memungkinkan penggunaan secara langsung dalam bangunan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan manusia. Implementasi teknik pemanfaatan energi surya kedalam bangunan secara integratif menimbulkan tantangan spesifik dalam perancangan arsitektur dan merupakan embrio pewujudan suatu tatanan arsitektur baru yang dikenal sebagai "arsitektur surya" Keywords: arsitektur surya, energi surya

  20. DETERMINAN TABUNGAN MUDHARABAH DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roikhan Moch Aziz

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research to determine how the influence of macro variables were Profit Sharing Ratio (equivalent rate, Inflation, GDP, and SWBI against Mudharabah Savings at Islamic Banking in Indonesia. The data used in this research were data time series by using multiple regressions and analysis by Ordinary Least Squares. The results showed that simultaneously independent variables (Profit Sharing ratio, Inflation, GDP, and SWBI have significant influence the dependent variable (MudharabaH Savings with probability 0.000000. End that partially independent variables (Inflation with probability 0.0013, GDP with probability 0.0000, and SWBI with probability 0.0000 have positively influence and significantly to dependent variable (Mudharabah Savings in the Islamic Banking of Indonesia. While between the variable independent (Profit Sharing ratio to dependent variable (Mudharabah Savings have not significantly with probability 0.2040, in the Islamic Banking of IndonesiaDOI: 10.15408/sjie.v2i2.2425