Geometric phase of a central qubit coupled to a spin chain in a thermal equilibrium state
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang, Ai-ping, E-mail: apzhang163@163.com [MOE Key Laboratory for Nonequilibrium Synthesis and Modulation of Condensed Matter, Xi' an 710049 (China); Department of Applied Physics, Xi' an Jiaotong University, Xi' an 710049 (China); Department of Physics, Xi' an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi' an 710055 (China); Li, Fu-li [MOE Key Laboratory for Nonequilibrium Synthesis and Modulation of Condensed Matter, Xi' an 710049 (China); Department of Applied Physics, Xi' an Jiaotong University, Xi' an 710049 (China)
2013-02-15
The geometric phase of a central qubit coupling to the surrounding XY chain in a transverse field at finite temperature is studied in this Letter. An explicit analytical expression of the geometric phase for coupled qubit is obtained in the weak coupling limit when the surrounding spin chain is in a thermal equilibrium state. It is shown that the GP displays dramatic change around the quantum phase transition points of the spin chain at zero and a finite range of temperature by numerical analysis. The result reveals that the GP can be used as a tool to detect QPT when the spin chain system is at finite temperature.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G. C. Fouokeng
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We analyze the influence of a two-state autocorrelated noise on the decoherence and on the tunneling Landau-Zener (LZ transitions during a two-level crossing of a central electron spin (CES coupled to a one dimensional anisotropic-antiferomagnetic spin, driven by a time-dependent global external magnetic field. The energy splitting of the coupled spin system is found through an approach that computes the noise-averaged frequency. At low magnetic field intensity, the decoherence (or entangled state of a coupled spin system is dominated by the noise intensity. The effects of the magnetic field pulse and the spin gap antiferromagnetic material used suggest to us that they may be used as tools for the direct observation of the tunneling splitting through the LZ transitions in the sudden limit. We found that the dynamical frequencies display basin-like behavior decay with time, with the birth of entanglement, while the LZ transition probability shows Gaussian shape.
Spinning particles coupled to gravity
Hojman, Sergio A
2016-01-01
Recent experimental work has determined that free falling $^{87}$Rb atoms on Earth, with vertically aligned spins, follow geodesics, thus apparently ruling out spin--gravitation interactions. It is showed that while some spinning matter models coupled to gravitation referenced to in that work seem to be ruled out by the experiment, those same experimental results confirm theoretical results derived from a Lagrangian description of spinning particles coupled to gravity constructed over forty years ago. A proposal to carry out (similar but) different experiments which will help to test the validity of the Universality of Free Fall as opposed to the correctness of the aforementioned Lagrangian theory, is presented.
Transverse spin with coupled plasmons
Mukherjee, Samyobrata
2016-01-01
We study theoretically the transverse spin associated with the eigenmodes of a thin metal film embedded in a dielectric. We show that the transverse spin has a direct dependence on the nature and strength of the coupling leading to two distinct branches for the long- and short- range modes. We show that the short-range mode exhibits larger extraordinary spin because of its more 'structured' nature due to higher decay in propagation. In contrast to some of the earlier studies, calculations are performed retaining the full lossy character of the metal. In the limit of vanishing losses we present analytical results for the extraordinary spin for both the coupled modes. The results can have direct implications for enhancing the elusive transverse spin exploiting the coupled plasmon structures.
Effect of interfacial coupling on rectification in organic spin rectifiers
Hu, Gui-Chao; Zuo, Meng-Ying; Li, Ying; Zhang, Zhao; Ren, Jun-Feng; Wang, Chuan-Kui
2015-07-01
The effect of interfacial coupling on rectification in an organic co-oligomer spin diode is investigated theoretically by considering spin-independent and spin-resolved couplings respectively. In the case of spin-independent coupling, an optimal interfacial coupling strength with a significant enhanced rectification ratio is found, whose value depends on the structural asymmetry of the molecule. In the case of spin-resolved coupling, we found that only the variation of the interfacial coupling with specific spin is effective to modulate the rectification, which is due to the spin-filtering property of the central asymmetric magnetic molecule. A transition of the spin-current rectification between parallel spin-current rectification and antiparallel spin-current rectification may be observed with the variation of the spin-resolved interfacial coupling. The interfacial effect on rectification is further analyzed from the spin-dependent transmission spectrum at different biases. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 1374195), the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (Grant No. ZR2014AM017), and the Excellent Young Scholars Research Fund of Shandong Normal University, China.
Coupling spin qubits via superconductors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Leijnse, Martin; Flensberg, Karsten
2013-01-01
We show how superconductors can be used to couple, initialize, and read out spatially separated spin qubits. When two single-electron quantum dots are tunnel coupled to the same superconductor, the singlet component of the two-electron state partially leaks into the superconductor via crossed...... Andreev reflection. This induces a gate-controlled singlet-triplet splitting which, with an appropriate superconductor geometry, remains large for dot separations within the superconducting coherence length. Furthermore, we show that when two double-dot singlet-triplet qubits are tunnel coupled...... to a superconductor with finite charging energy, crossed Andreev reflection enables a strong two-qubit coupling over distances much larger than the coherence length....
Numerical modeling of the central spin problem using the spin coherent states P-representation
Dobrovitski, V. V.; Al-Hassanieh, K. A.; Dagotto, E.; Harmon, B. N.
2006-03-01
We analyze decoherence of a central spin coupled to a spin bath (the central spin problem). Theoretical understanding of this process is important for many experiments, such as the recent study of decoherence of the electron spin by the nuclear spins in a quantum dot. To investigate the important non-perturbative decoherence regimes, we developed an efficient mean-field-based method for modeling the spin-bath decoherence. The method is based on the P-representation for the central spin density matrix, which is very useful in quantum optics, but has not been widely applied to quantum many-spin systems. In contrast with the standard time-dependent mean field theory, our method gives excellent agreement with the exact solution. We demonstrate performance of the method for longitudinal and transversal relaxation at different external fields. In particular, by modeling the quantum systems with up to 16000 bath spins, we make controlled predictions for the slow long-time decoherence of the central spin. We thank L. Glazman, M. Lukin, A. Polkovnikov, and J. Taylor for helpful discussions. This work was supported by NSA, ARDA, ARO, and NSF.
Spin-rotation coupling in compound spin objects
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lambiase, Gaetano, E-mail: lambiase@sa.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica “E.R. Caianiello”, Università di Salerno, 84084 Fisciano (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Napoli (Italy); International Institute for Advanced Scientific Studies, 89019 Vietri sul Mare (Italy); Papini, Giorgio [International Institute for Advanced Scientific Studies, 89019 Vietri sul Mare (Italy); Department of Physics, University of Regina, Regina, SK, S4S 0A2 (Canada); Prairie Particle Physics Institute, Regina, SK, S4S 0A2 (Canada)
2013-06-03
We generalize spin-rotation coupling to compound spin systems. In the case of muons bound to nuclei in a storage ring the decay process acquires a modulation. Typical frequencies for Z/A∼1/2 are ∼3×10{sup 6} Hz, a factor 10 higher than the modulation observed in g−2 experiments.
Spin-rotation coupling in compound spin objects
Lambiase, G
2013-01-01
We generalize spin-rotation coupling to compound spin systems. In the case of muons bound to nuclei in a storage ring the decay process acquires a modulation. Typical frequencies for $Z/A\\sim 1/2$ are $\\sim 3\\times 10^6$Hz, a factor 10 higher than the modulation observed in $g-2$ experiments.
Magnified Damping under Rashba Spin Orbit Coupling
Tan, Seng Ghee; Jalil, Mansoor B. A.
2015-01-01
The spin orbit coupling spin torque consists of the field-like [REF: S.G. Tan et al., arXiv:0705.3502, (2007).] and the damping-like terms [REF: H. Kurebayashi et al., Nature Nanotechnology 9, 211 (2014).] that have been widely studied for applications in magnetic memory. We focus, in this article, not on the spin orbit effect producing the above spin torques, but on its magnifying the damping constant of all field like spin torques. As first order precession leads to second order damping, th...
Spin-Current and Spin-Splitting in Helicoidal Molecules Due to Spin-Orbit Coupling.
Caetano, R A
2016-01-01
The use of organic materials in spintronic devices has been seriously considered after recent experimental works have shown unexpected spin-dependent electrical properties. The basis for the confection of any spintronic device is ability of selecting the appropriated spin polarization. In this direction, DNA has been pointed out as a potential candidate for spin selection due to the spin-orbit coupling originating from the electric field generated by accumulated electrical charges along the helix. Here, we demonstrate that spin-orbit coupling is the minimum ingredient necessary to promote a spatial spin separation and the generation of spin-current. We show that the up and down spin components have different velocities that give rise to a spin-current. By using a simple situation where spin-orbit coupling is present, we provide qualitative justifications to our results that clearly point to helicoidal molecules as serious candidates to integrate spintronic devices. PMID:27009836
Antigravity: Spin-gravity coupling in action
Plyatsko, Roman
2016-01-01
The typical motions of a spinning test particle in Schwarzschild's background which show the strong repulsive action of the highly relativistic spin-gravity coupling are considered using the exact Mathisson-Papapetrou equations. An approximated approach to choice solutions of these equations which describe motions of the particle's proper center of mass is developed.
Antigravity: Spin-gravity coupling in action
Plyatsko, Roman; Fenyk, Mykola
2016-08-01
The typical motions of a spinning test particle in Schwarzschild's background which show the strong repulsive action of the highly relativistic spin-gravity coupling are considered using the exact Mathisson-Papapetrou equations. An approximated approach to choice solutions of these equations which describe motions of the particle's proper center of mass is developed.
Integral dependent spin couplings in CI calculations
Iberle, K.; Davidson, E. R.
1982-01-01
Although the number of ways to combine Slater determinants to form spin eigenfunctions increases rapidly with the number of open shells, most of these spin couplings will make only a small contribution to a given state, provided the spin coupling is chosen judiciously. The technique of limiting calculations to the interacting subspace pioneered by Bunge (1970) was employed by Munch and Davidson (1975) to the vanadium atom. The use of an interacting space looses its advantage in more complex cases. However, the problem can always be reduced to only one interacting spin coupling by making the coefficients integral dependent. The present investigation is concerned with the performance of integral dependent interacting couplings, taking into account the results of three test calculations.
Variance squeezing and entanglement of the XX central spin model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
El-Orany, Faisal A A [Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia (Egypt); Abdalla, M Sebawe, E-mail: m.sebaweh@physics.org [Mathematics Department, College of Science, King Saud University PO Box 2455, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia)
2011-01-21
In this paper, we study the quantum properties for a system that consists of a central atom interacting with surrounding spins through the Heisenberg XX couplings of equal strength. Employing the Heisenberg equations of motion we manage to derive an exact solution for the dynamical operators. We consider that the central atom and its surroundings are initially prepared in the excited state and in the coherent spin state, respectively. For this system, we investigate the evolution of variance squeezing and entanglement. The nonclassical effects have been remarked in the behavior of all components of the system. The atomic variance can exhibit revival-collapse phenomenon based on the value of the detuning parameter.
GSI anomaly and spin-rotation coupling
Lambiase, G; Scarpetta, G
2012-01-01
We propose a model in which a recently reported modulation in the decay of the hydrogenlike ions ${}^{140}$Pr$^{\\, 58 +}$, ${}^{142}$Pm$^{\\, 60 +}$ and ${}^{122}$I$^{\\, 52 +}$ arises from the coupling of rotation to the spin of electron and nucleus. The model shows that the spin-spin coupling of electron and nucleus does not contribute to the modulation and predicts that the anomaly cannot be observed if the motion of the ions is rectilinear, or if the ions are stopped in a target. It also supports the notion that the modulation frequency is proportional to the inverse of the atomic mass.
Visualizing Improved Spin Coupling in Large Magnetic Molecules
Donner, Judith; Broschinski, Jan-Philipp; Feldscher, Bastian; Glaser, Thorsten; Khajetoorians, Alexander Ako; Wegner, Daniel
In an attempt to combine a high spin ground state and a large magnetic anisotropy in one molecule, triplesalen-based complexes are promising building blocks for a new generation of single molecule magnets (SMMs). The spin coupling in these molecules is based on the spin polarization effect, which requires a delocalized aromatic π-system in the central carbon ring of the complex. Unfortunately, chemical analysis indicates that this ring can change its configuration to [6]radialene, therefore causing a loss of aromaticity and weakening the magnetic coupling. We have employed a combination of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS) to investigate single Cu3-triplesalen and Cu3-triplesalalen molecules, the latter being designed to show an enhanced intramolecular spin coupling. The large molecules were deposited in situ using the unconventional techniques pulse injection and rapid heating. A thorough structural and spectroscopic analysis allows us to discuss the electronic properties of the two complexes, with a special focus on the state of the central carbon ring. We find that even small changes in the ligand structure have a drastic influence on the intramolecular spin coupling, which opens the way for an improved rational design of future SMMs.
Spin-Orbit Coupling and Spin Textures in Optical Superlattices
Li, Junru; Shteynas, Boris; Burchesky, Sean; Top, Furkan Cagri; Su, Edward; Lee, Jeongwon; Jamison, Alan O; Ketterle, Wolfgang
2016-01-01
We proposed and demonstrated a new approach for realizing spin orbit coupling with ultracold atoms. We use orbital levels in a double well potential as pseudospin states. Two-photon Raman transitions between left and right wells induce spin-orbit coupling. This scheme does not require near resonant light, features adjustable interactions by shaping the double well potential, and does not depend on special properties of the atoms. A pseudospinor Bose-Einstein condensate spontaneously acquires an antiferromagnetic pseudospin texture which breaks the lattice symmetry similar to a supersolid.
Hyperpolarization in coupled multi-spin systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Korchak, Sergey Evgen' evich
2010-06-21
Nuclear magnetic resonance experiments on multi-spin systems using variation of the external magnetic field were performed with high spectral resolution. The main focus was investigating the behaviour of hyperpolarized nuclear spin states in the coupled spin systems in its dependence on the strength of the magnetic field in order to discriminate field dependent effects from others and to optimize the hyperpolarization (HP) yield. All experiments were done on liquid state solutions, thus, the main interaction between the spins was scalar spin-spin coupling, which is not averaged in low viscosity liquids in contrast to dipolar spin-spin interaction. It was possible to separate the paramagnetic effect from the strong coupling effect. Several methods of hyperpolarization were explored: Chemically Induced Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (CIDNP), Parahydrogen Induced Polarization (PHIP), and Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP). Experiments were performed with the aim to manipulate hyperpolarization by control of spin coherences and to exploit the encoded information for analytical purposes. Criteria for the polarization manipulation at variable field were derived and experimentally checked. The DNP experiments were conducted with driving the electronic spins off equilibrium by applying a train of radio-frequency pulses in comparison with cw irradiation. Strong hyperpolarization was obtained in the hydrogenation reaction of styrene with the singlet spin isomer of hydrogen gas (parahydrogen) and studied at variable field. While for the protons originating from parahydrogen the high polarization was observed at all field amplitudes, in low field also polarization of the phenyl ring protons of the product was detected as a result of polarization transfer among strongly coupled spins. CIDNP techniques were applied to amino acids, nucleotides and cycloketones. The most extensive investigation was performed on radical intermediates of the essential amino acid methionine and of
Frictional coupling between sliding and spinning motion
Farkas, Z; Unger, T; Wolf, D E; Farkas, Zeno; Bartels, Guido; Unger, Tamas; Wolf, Dietrich E.
2002-01-01
We show that the friction force and torque, acting at a dry contact of two objects moving and rotating relative to each other, are inherently coupled. As a simple test system, a sliding and spinning disk on a horizontal flat surface is considered. We calculate, and also measure, how the disk is slowing down, and find that it always stops its sliding and spinning motion at the same moment. We discuss the impact of this coupling between friction force and torque on the physics of granular materials.
GSI anomaly and spin-rotation coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lambiase, Gaetano, E-mail: lambiase@sa.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica ' E.R. Caianiello' Universita di Salerno, 84081 Baronissi (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Napoli (Italy); International Institute for Advanced Scientific Studies, 89019 Vietri sul Mare (Italy); Papini, Giorgio [International Institute for Advanced Scientific Studies, 89019 Vietri sul Mare (Italy); Department of Physics, University of Regina, Regina, SK, S4S 0A2 (Canada); Prairie Particle Physics Institute, Regina, SK, S4S 0A2 (Canada); Scarpetta, Gaetano [Dipartimento di Fisica ' E.R. Caianiello' Universita di Salerno, 84081 Baronissi (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Napoli (Italy); International Institute for Advanced Scientific Studies, 89019 Vietri sul Mare (Italy)
2013-01-08
We propose a model in which a recently reported modulation in the decay of the hydrogenlike ions {sup 140}Pr{sup 58+}, {sup 142}Pm{sup 60+} and {sup 122}I{sup 52+} arises from the coupling of rotation to the spin of electron and nucleus. The model shows that the spin-spin coupling of electron and nucleus does not contribute to the modulation and predicts that the anomaly cannot be observed if the motion of the ions is rectilinear, or if the ions are stopped in a target. It also supports the notion that the modulation frequency is proportional to the inverse of the atomic mass and that no modulation is expected for the {beta}{sup +}-decay. The model predicts that for He-like ions the modulation is still present.
Effects of spin-orbit coupling on quantum transport
Bardarson, Jens Hjorleifur
2008-01-01
The effect of spin-orbit coupling on various quantum transport phenomena is considered. The main topics discussed are: * How spin-orbit coupling can induce shot noise through trajectory splitting. * How spin-orbit coupling can degrade electron-hole entanglement (created by a tunnel barrier) by mode mixing. * Mesoscopic Spin Hall effect: longitudinal charge current leads to transverse spin currents in a chaotic electron cavity which has universal fluctuations around a zero mean. * How smooth d...
Effects of spin-orbit coupling on quantum transport
Bardarson, Jens Hjorleifur
2008-01-01
The effect of spin-orbit coupling on various quantum transport phenomena is considered. The main topics discussed are: * How spin-orbit coupling can induce shot noise through trajectory splitting. * How spin-orbit coupling can degrade electron-hole entanglement (created by a tunnel barrier) by mo
An Exact SU(2) Symmetry and Persistent Spin Helix in a Spin-Orbit Coupled System
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bernevig, Andrei
2010-02-10
Spin-orbit coupled systems generally break the spin rotation symmetry. However, for a model with equal Rashba and Dresselhauss coupling constant (the ReD model), and for the [110] Dresselhauss model, a new type of SU(2) spin rotation symmetry is discovered. This symmetry is robust against spin-independent disorder and interactions, and is generated by operators whose wavevector depends on the coupling strength. It renders the spin lifetime infinite at this wavevector, giving rise to a Persistent Spin Helix (PSH). We obtain the spin fluctuation dynamics at, and away, from the symmetry point, and suggest experiments to observe the PSH.
Spin-orbit couplings in the string model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The spectrum of mesons with high spins is considered in the rotating string model. It is shown that Thomas precession of quarks spins gives rise to spin-orbit coupling. Predictions of the model agree with the experimental data on mass spectrum of mesons with even parity and even spins
Quasi-Maxwell interpretation of the spin-curvature coupling
Natario, J
2007-01-01
We write the Mathisson-Papapetrou equations of motion for a spinning particle in a stationary spacetime using the quasi-Maxwell formalism and give an interpretation of the coupling between spin and curvature.
Persistent Spin Current in a Quantum Wire with Weak Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Yi; SHENG Wei; ZHOU Guang-Hui
2006-01-01
@@ We theoretically investigate the spin current for a parabolically confined semiconductor heterojunction quantum wire with weak Rashba spin-orbit coupling by means of the perturbation method. By analytical calculation, it is found that only two components off spin current density is non-zero in the equilibrium case. Numerical examples have demonstrated that the spin current of electron transverse motion is 10-3 times that off electron longitudinal motion. However, the former one is much more sensitive to the strength of Rashba spin-orbit coupling. These results may suggest an approach to the spin storage device and to the measurement of spin current through its induced electric field.
Bends in nanotubes allow electric spin control and coupling
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Flensberg, Karsten; Marcus, Charles Masamed
2010-01-01
We investigate combined effects of spin-orbit coupling and magnetic field in carbon nanotubes containing one or more bends along their length. We show how bends can be used to provide electrical control of confined spins, while spins confined in straight segments remain insensitive to electric...... fields. Device geometries that allow general rotation of single spins are presented and analyzed. In addition, capacitive coupling along bends provides coherent spin-spin interaction, including between otherwise disconnected nanotubes, completing a universal set of one- and two-qubit gates....
Extrinsic spin Hall effect from anisotropic Rashba spin-orbit coupling in graphene
Yang, H.-Y.; Huang, Chunli; Ochoa, H.; Cazalilla, M. A.
2016-02-01
We study the effect of anisotropy of the Rashba coupling on the extrinsic spin Hall effect due to spin-orbit active adatoms on graphene. In addition to the intrinsic spin-orbit coupling, a generalized anisotropic Rashba coupling arising from the breakdown of both mirror and hexagonal symmetries of pristine graphene is considered. We find that Rashba anisotropy can strongly modify the dependence of the spin Hall angle on carrier concentration. Our model provides a simple and general description of the skew scattering mechanism due to the spin-orbit coupling that is induced by proximity to large adatom clusters.
Numerical simulation study on spin resonant depolarization due to spin-orbit coupling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Lan Jie-Qin; Xu Hong-Liang
2012-01-01
The spin polarization phenomenon in lepton circular accelerators had been known for many years.It provides a new approach for physicists to study the spin feature of fundamental particles and the dynamics of spin-orbit coupling,such as spin resonances.We use numerical simulation to study the features of spin under the modulation of orbital motion in an electron storage ring.The various cases of depolarization due to spin-orbit coupling through an emitting photon and misalignment of magnets in the ring are discussed.
Persistent spin current in a quantum wire with weak Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Sheng Wei; Wang Yi; Zhou Guang-Hui
2007-01-01
The spin current in a parabolically confined semiconductor heterojunction quantum wire with Dresselhaus spinorbit coupling is theoretically studied by using the perturbation method. The formulae of the elements for linear and angular spin current densities are derived by using the recent definition for spin current based on spin continuity equation. It is found that the spin current in this Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling quantum wire is antisymmetrical,which is different from that in R ashba model due to the difference in symmetry between these two models. Some numerical examples for the result are also demonstrated and discussed.
Interfacial spin Hall current in a Josephson junction with Rashba spin-orbit coupling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yang Zhi-Hong; Yang Yong-Hong; Wang Jun
2012-01-01
We theoretically investigate the spin transport properties of the Cooper pairs in a conventional Josephson junction with Rashba spin orbit coupling considered in one of the superconducting leads.It is found that an angle-resolved spin supercurrent flows through the junction and a nonzero interfacial spin Hall current driven by the superconducting phase difference also appears at the interface.The physical origin of this is that the Rashba spin-orbit coupling can indnce a triplet order parameter in the s-wave superconductor.The interfacial spin Hall current dependences on the system parameters are also discussed.
Charge and spin transport in nanoscopic structures with spin-orbit coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Reynoso, A. [Instituto Balseiro and Centro Atomico Bariloche, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); Gonzalo Usaj [Instituto Balseiro and Centro Atomico Bariloche, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); Balseiro, C.A. [Instituto Balseiro and Centro Atomico Bariloche, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina)]. E-mail: balseiro@cab.cnea.gov.ar
2006-10-01
During the last years there has been much interest, and theoretical discussion, about the possibility to use spin-orbit coupling to control the carriers spins in two-dimensional semiconducting heterostructures. Spin polarization at the sample edges may occur as the response of systems with strong SO-coupling to an external transport current, an effect known as spin Hall effect. Here, we show that in a 2DEG with Rashba SO-coupling, spin polarization near the sample edge can develop kinematically for low electron densities. We also discuss the effect in quantum wires where lateral confinement plays an important role.
Spin-Orbit Coupling and the Conservation of Angular Momentum
Hnizdo, V.
2012-01-01
In nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, the total (i.e. orbital plus spin) angular momentum of a charged particle with spin that moves in a Coulomb plus spin-orbit-coupling potential is conserved. In a classical nonrelativistic treatment of this problem, in which the Lagrange equations determine the orbital motion and the Thomas equation yields the…
Quasi-Maxwell interpretation of the spin-curvature coupling
Natario, Jose
2007-01-01
We write the Mathisson-Papapetrou equations of motion for a spinning particle in a stationary spacetime using the quasi-Maxwell formalism and give an interpretation of the coupling between spin and curvature. The formalism is then used to compute equilibrium positions for spinning particles in the NUT spacetime.
Quasi-Maxwell interpretation of the spin-curvature coupling
Natário, José
2007-09-01
We write the Mathisson-Papapetrou equations of motion for a spinning particle in a stationary spacetime using the quasi-Maxwell formalism and give an interpretation of the coupling between spin and curvature. The formalism is then used to compute equilibrium positions for spinning particles in the NUT spacetime.
Spin-orbit-coupled transport and spin torque in a ferromagnetic heterostructure
Wang, Xuhui
2014-02-07
Ferromagnetic heterostructures provide an ideal platform to explore the nature of spin-orbit torques arising from the interplay mediated by itinerant electrons between a Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling and a ferromagnetic exchange interaction. For such a prototypic system, we develop a set of coupled diffusion equations to describe the diffusive spin dynamics and spin-orbit torques. We characterize the spin torque and its two prominent—out-of-plane and in-plane—components for a wide range of relative strength between the Rashba coupling and ferromagnetic exchange. The symmetry and angular dependence of the spin torque emerging from our simple Rashba model is in an agreement with experiments. The spin diffusion equation can be generalized to incorporate dynamic effects such as spin pumping and magnetic damping.
Emergent phases in the spin orbit coupled spin-1 Bose Hubbard model
Natu, Stefan; Pixley, Jedediah
2015-05-01
Motivated by recent experiments on spin orbit coupled, ultra-cold Bose gases, we theoretically study the spin-1 Bose Hubbard model in the presence and absence of spin orbit coupling (SOC). In the absence of SOC, using a spatially homogenous Gutzwiller mean field theory, we determine the phase diagram and excitation spectrum of the spin-1 Bose Hubbard model on a hyper-cubic lattice in both the polar and ferromagnetic phases. We focus on the evolution of various density, spin, and nematic order parameters across the phase diagram as a function of chemical potential and nearest neighbor hopping. We then generalize the Gutzwiller mean-field theory to incorporate spin-orbit coupling by allowing the mean-fields to be spatially inhomogeneous, which enable us to study spontaneous translational symmetry broken phases. To connect with ongoing experiments, we focus on the lattice generalization of the experimentally realized 1D spin-orbit coupling.
Spin waves in ferromagnetic insulators coupled via a normal metal
Skarsvâg, Hans; Kapelrud, André; Brataas, Arne
2014-09-01
Herein, we study spin-wave dispersion and dissipation in a ferromagnetic insulator-normal metal-ferromagnetic insulator system. Long-range dynamic coupling because of spin pumping and spin transfer lead to collective magnetic excitations in the two thin-film ferromagnets. In addition, the dynamic dipolar field contributes to the interlayer coupling. By solving the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert-Slonczewski equation for macrospin excitations and the exchange-dipole volume as well as surface spin waves, we compute the effect of the dynamic coupling on the resonance frequencies and linewidths of the various modes. The long-wavelength modes may couple acoustically or optically. In the absence of spin-memory loss in the normal metal, the spin-pumping-induced Gilbert damping enhancement of the acoustic mode vanishes, whereas the optical mode acquires a significant Gilbert damping enhancement, comparable to that of a system attached to a perfect spin sink. The dynamic coupling is reduced for short-wavelength spin waves, and there is no synchronization. For intermediate wavelengths, the coupling can be increased by the dipolar field such that the modes in the two ferromagnetic insulators can couple despite possible small frequency asymmetries. The surface waves induced by an easy-axis surface anisotropy exhibit much greater Gilbert damping enhancement. These modes also may acoustically or optically couple, but they are unaffected by thickness asymmetries.
Spin Filtering in a Nanowire Superlattice by Dresselhause Spin-Orbit Coupling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Samad Javidan
2011-01-01
@@ An InAs/GaSb nanowire Superlattice using GaAs for the impure layers is proposed.Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling eliminates spin degeneracy, induces one miniband in the superlattices to split into two minibands and leads to complete spin polarization and excellent filtering by optimizing the well and barrier widths and GaAs layer distances.
Polarization and readout of coupled single spins in diamond
Hanson, R; Epstein, R J; Awschalom, D D
2006-01-01
We study the coupling of a single nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond to a nearby single nitrogen defect at room temperature. The magnetic dipolar coupling leads to a splitting in the electron spin resonance frequency of the N-V center, allowing readout of the state of a single nitrogen electron spin. At magnetic fields where the spin splitting of the two centers is the same we observe a strong polarization of the nitrogen electron spin. The amount of polarization can be controlled by the optical excitation power. We combine the polarization and the readout in time-resolved pump-probe measurements to determine the spin relaxation time of a single nitrogen electron spin. Finally, we discuss indications for hyperfine-induced polarization of the nitrogen nuclear spin.
Determining the spin-orbit coupling via spin-polarized spectroscopy of magnetic impurities
Kaladzhyan, V.; Simon, P.; Bena, C.
2016-10-01
We study the spin-resolved spectral properties of the impurity states associated to the presence of magnetic impurities in two-dimensional as well as one-dimensional systems with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. We focus on Shiba bound states in superconducting materials, as well as on impurity states in metallic systems. Using a combination of a numerical T -matrix approximation and a direct analytical calculation of the bound-state wave function, we compute the local density of states (LDOS) together with its Fourier transform (FT). We find that the FT of the spin-polarized LDOS, a quantity accessible via spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy, allows to accurately extract the strength of the spin-orbit coupling. Also, we confirm that the presence of magnetic impurities is strictly necessary for such measurement, and that non-spin-polarized experiments cannot have access to the value of the spin-orbit coupling.
Analytic solutions to the central spin problem for Nitrogen Vacancy centres in diamond
Hall, Liam T.; Jared H. Cole; Hollenberg, Lloyd C. L.
2013-01-01
Due to interest in both solid state based quantum computing architectures and the application of quantum mechanical systems to nanomagnetometry, there has been considerable recent attention focused on understanding the microscopic dynamics of solid state spin baths and their effects on the coherence of a controllable, coupled central electronic spin. Many analytic approaches are based on simplified phenomenological models in which it is difficult to capture much of the complex physics associa...
Large spin-orbit coupling in carbon nanotubes
Steele, G. A.; Pei, F.; Laird, E. A.; Jol, J. M.; Meerwaldt, H. B.; Kouwenhoven, L. P.
2013-03-01
It has recently been recognised that the strong spin-orbit interaction present in solids can lead to new phenomena, such as materials with non-trivial topological order. Although the atomic spin-orbit coupling in carbon is weak, the spin-orbit coupling in carbon nanotubes can be significant due to their curved surface. Previous works have reported spin-orbit couplings in reasonable agreement with theory, and this coupling strength has formed the basis of a large number of theoretical proposals. Here we report a spin-orbit coupling in three carbon nanotube devices that is an order of magnitude larger than previously measured. We find a zero-field spin splitting of up to 3.4 meV, corresponding to a built-in effective magnetic field of 29 T aligned along the nanotube axis. Although the origin of the large spin-orbit coupling is not explained by existing theories, its strength is promising for applications of the spin-orbit interaction in carbon nanotubes devices.
Large spin-orbit coupling in carbon nanotubes.
Steele, G A; Pei, F; Laird, E A; Jol, J M; Meerwaldt, H B; Kouwenhoven, L P
2013-01-01
It has recently been recognised that the strong spin-orbit interaction present in solids can lead to new phenomena, such as materials with non-trivial topological order. Although the atomic spin-orbit coupling in carbon is weak, the spin-orbit coupling in carbon nanotubes can be significant due to their curved surface. Previous works have reported spin-orbit couplings in reasonable agreement with theory, and this coupling strength has formed the basis of a large number of theoretical proposals. Here we report a spin-orbit coupling in three carbon nanotube devices that is an order of magnitude larger than previously measured. We find a zero-field spin splitting of up to 3.4 meV, corresponding to a built-in effective magnetic field of 29 T aligned along the nanotube axis. Although the origin of the large spin-orbit coupling is not explained by existing theories, its strength is promising for applications of the spin-orbit interaction in carbon nanotubes devices.
Spin susceptibilities in armchair graphene nanoribbons with Rashba spin-orbit coupling.
Tan, Xiao-Dong; Hu, Xiaohui; Liao, Xiao-Ping; Sun, Litao
2016-08-17
Based on linear response theory, we studied the spin susceptibilities of armchair graphene nanoribbons (AGNRs) with Rashba spin-orbit coupling (RSOC) in an oscillating magnetic field. It is shown that by tuning the field frequency, RSOC or ribbon width to satisfy the resonance condition, the spins in AGNRs will be effectively magnetized at room temperature due to the electron transitions between RSOC-induced spin-split subbands. Moreover, in this process the magnitude of spin magnetization can also be flexibly manipulated by selecting different resonant frequency or RSOC. Thus, we provide a promisingly well-controlled scheme for the spin magnetization of AGNRs, which is useful for spintronics applications. PMID:27324206
Negative tunnelling magnetoresistance in spin filtering magnetic junctions with spin-orbit coupling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Yun
2011-01-01
We present theoretical calculations of spin transport in spin filtering magnetic tunnelling junctions based on the Landauer-Büttiker formalism and taking into account the spin-orbit coupling (SOC). It is shown that spin-flip scattering induced by SOC is stronger in parallel alignment of magnetization of the ferromegnet barrier (FB) and the ferromagnetic electrode than that in antiparallel case. The increase of negative tunnelling magnetoresistance with bias is in agreement with recent experimental observation.
Calculations of the indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants of PbH_{4}
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kirpekar, Sheela; Sauer, Stephan P. A.
1999-01-01
We report ab initio calculations of the indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants of PbH4 using a basis set which was specially optimized for correlated calculations of spin-spin coupling constants. All nonrelativistic contributions and the most important part of the spin-orbit correction wer...
Gate-dependent spin-orbit coupling in multielectron carbon nanotubes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jespersen, Thomas Sand; Grove-Rasmussen, Kasper; Paaske, Jens;
2011-01-01
Understanding how the orbital motion of electrons is coupled to the spin degree of freedom in nanoscale systems is central for applications in spin-based electronics and quantum computation. Here we demonstrate such spin–orbit coupling in a carbon-nanotube quantum dot in the general multielectron...... graphene lattice. Our findings suggest that the spin–orbit coupling is a general property of carbon-nanotube quantum dots, which should provide a unique platform for the study of spin–orbit effects and their applications....
Disentanglement of Two Qubits Coupled to an XY Spin Chain at Finite Temperature
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
NIE Jing; WANG Lin-Cheng; YI Xue-Xi
2009-01-01
The disentanglement evolution of bipartite spin-1/2 system coupled to a common surrounding XY chain in transverse fields at nonzero temperature is studied in this letter. The dynamical process of the entanglement is numerically and anaiytically investigated. We find that thermal effects can enhance disentanglement if the entangled initial state of the central spins does not in the decoherenee free space. The critical phenomenon of quantum phase transitions reflected in the disentanglement can be washed out by the thermal effect eventually.
Measurement of the spin-rotation coupling in neutron polarimetry
Demirel, Bülent; Sponar, Stephan; Hasegawa, Yuji
2015-02-01
The effect of spin-rotation coupling is measured for the first time with neutrons. The coupling of spin with the angular velocity of a rotating spin turner can be observed as a phase shift in a neutron polarimeter set-up. After the neutron’s spin is rotated by 2π through a rotating magnetic field, different phase shifts are induced for ‘up’ and ‘down’ spin eigenstates. This phase difference results in the rotation of the neutron’s spin-vector, which turns out to depend solely on the frequency of the rotation of the magnetic field. The experimental results agree well with the solutions acquired by the Pauli-Schrödinger equation.
Spin-slip structure and central peak phenomena in singlet-doublet system: Praseodymium
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lindgård, Per-Anker
1997-01-01
A theory is given for the central peaks observed in praseodymium, which is an effective singlet-doublet System of localized spins. The dominant peak is due to induced longitudinal magnetic ordering, which can be accounted for by mode-mode coupling theory. The second, broader peak is due to an ind...
Spin-orbit interaction in coupled quantum wells
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hao Ya-Fei
2013-01-01
We theoretically investigate the spin-orbit interaction in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs coupled quantum wells.We consider the contribution of the interface-related Rashba term as well as the linear and cubic Dresselhaus terms to the spin splitting.For the coupled quantum wells which bear an inherent structure inversion asymmetry,the same probability density distribution of electrons in the two step quantum wells results in a large spin splitting from the interface term.If the widths of the two step quantum wells are different,the electron probability density in the wider step quantum well is considerably higher than that in the narrower one,resulting in the decrease of the spin splitting from the interface term.The results also show that the spin splitting of the coupled quantum well is not significantly larger than that of a step quantum well.
Nanospintronics with Molecular Magnets - Tunneling and Spin-Electric Coupling
Nossa Márquez, Javier Francisco
2013-01-01
This dissertation investigates theoretically electric control of the magnetic properties of molecular magnets. Two classes of magnetic molecules are considered. The first class consists of molecules that are spin frustrated. As a consequence of the frustration, the ground-state manifold of these molecules is characterized by states of different spin chirality, which can be coupled by an external electric field. Electric control of these spin states can be used to encode and manipulate quantum...
Magnified Damping Under Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling
Tan, Seng Ghee; Jalil, Mansoor B. A.
2016-03-01
The spin-orbit coupling spin torque consists of the field-like [S. G. Tan et al., arXiv:0705.3502 (2007).] and the damping-like terms [H. Kurebayashi et al., Nat. Nanotechnol. 9, 211 (2014).] that have been widely studied for applications in magnetic memory. We focus, in this paper, not on the spin-orbit effect producing the above spin torques, but on its magnifying the damping constant of all field-like spin torques. As first-order precession leads to second-order damping, the Rashba constant is naturally co-opted, producing a magnified field-like damping effect. The Landau-Liftshitz-Gilbert equations are written separately for the local magnetization and the itinerant spin, allowing the progression of magnetization to be self-consistently locked to the spin.
Room temperature coherent control of coupled single spins in solid
Gaebel, T; Popa, I; Wittmann, C; Neumann, P; Jelezko, F; Rabeau, J R; Stavrias, N; Greentree, A D; Prawer, S; Meijer, J; Twamley, J; Hemmer, P R; Wrachtrup, J
2006-01-01
Coherent coupling between single quantum objects is at the heart of modern quantum physics. When coupling is strong enough to prevail over decoherence, it can be used for the engineering of correlated quantum states. Especially for solid-state systems, control of quantum correlations has attracted widespread attention because of applications in quantum computing. Such coherent coupling has been demonstrated in a variety of systems at low temperature1, 2. Of all quantum systems, spins are potentially the most important, because they offer very long phase memories, sometimes even at room temperature. Although precise control of spins is well established in conventional magnetic resonance3, 4, existing techniques usually do not allow the readout of single spins because of limited sensitivity. In this paper, we explore dipolar magnetic coupling between two single defects in diamond (nitrogen-vacancy and nitrogen) using optical readout of the single nitrogen-vacancy spin states. Long phase memory combined with a d...
Spin-gravity coupling and gravity-induced quantum phases
Papini, Giorgio
2007-01-01
External gravitational fields induce phase factors in the wave functions of particles. The phases are exact to first order in the background gravitational field, are manifestly covariant and gauge invariant and provide a useful tool for the study of spin-gravity coupling and of the optics of particles in gravitational or inertial fields. We discuss the role that spin-gravity coupling plays in particular problems.
Spin and field squeezing in a spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensate.
Huang, Yixiao; Hu, Zheng-Da
2015-01-01
Recently, strong spin-orbit coupling with equal Rashba and Dresselhaus strength has been realized in neutral atomic Bose-Einstein condensates via a pair of Raman lasers. In this report, we investigate spin and field squeezing of the ground state in spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensate. By mapping the spin-orbit coupled BEC to the well-known quantum Dicke model, the Dicke type quantum phase transition is presented with the order parameters quantified by the spin polarization and occupation number of harmonic trap mode. This Dicke type quantum phase transition may be captured by the spin and field squeezing arising from the spin-orbit coupling. We further consider the effect of a finite detuning on the ground state and show the spin polarization and the quasi-momentum exhibit a step jump at zero detuning. Meanwhile, we also find that the presence of the detuning enhances the occupation number of harmonic trap mode, while it suppresses the spin and the field squeezing. PMID:25620051
Correlation Driven Transport Asymmetries Through Coupled Spins
Muenks, Matthias; Jacobson, Peter; Ternes, Markus; Kern, Klaus
2016-01-01
Correlation is a fundamental statistical measure of order in interacting quantum systems. In solids, electron correlations govern a diverse array of material classes and phenomena such as heavy fermion compounds, Hunds metals, high-Tc superconductors, and the Kondo effect. Spin-spin correlations, notably investigated by Kaufman and Onsager in the 1940s 6, are at the foundation of numerous theoretical models but are challenging to measure experimentally. Reciprocal space methods can map correl...
Magnetization damping in noncollinear spin valves with antiferromagnetic interlayer couplings
Chiba, Takahiro; Bauer, Gerrit E. W.; Takahashi, Saburo
2015-08-01
We study the magnetic damping in the simplest of synthetic antiferromagnets, i.e., antiferromagnetically exchange-coupled spin valves, in the presence of applied magnetic fields that enforce noncolliear magnetic configurations. We formulate the dynamic exchange of spin currents in a noncollinear texture based on the spin-diffusion theory with quantum mechanical boundary conditions at the ferrromagnet/normal-metal interfaces and derive the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equations coupled by the interlayer static and dynamic exchange interactions. We predict noncollinearity-induced additional damping that is modulated by an applied magnetic field. We compare theoretical results with published experiments.
Persistent Spin and Charge Currents in Open Conducting Ring Subjected to Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Xi-Sua; XIONG Shi-Jie
2008-01-01
We investigate persistent charge and spin currents of a one-dimensional ring with Rashba spin-orbit coupling and connected asymmetrically to two external leads spanned with angle (φ)0.Because of the asymmetry of the structure and the spin-reflection,the persistent charge and spin currents can be induced.The magnification of persistent currents can be obtained when tuning the energy of incident electron to the sharp zero and sharp resonance of transmission depending on the Aharonov-Casher (AC) phase due to the spin-orbit coupling and the angle spanned by two leads (φ)0.The general dependence of the charge and spin persistent currents on these parameters is obtained.This suggests a possible method of controlling the magnitude and direction of persistent currents by tuning the AC phase and (φ)0,without the electromagnetic flux though the ring.
Spin-Rotation Coupling in Gravitation with Torsion
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
Based on the theory of gravitation with torsion developed by Hammond [Rep. Prog. Phys. 65 (2002)599], the interaction between the intrinsic spin of a particle and the mass source is calculated. It is shown that spin can interact with the gravitimagnetic field created by a rotational mass, where the spin-rotation coupling is also discussed.According to the recent torsion pendulum experiment with polarized electrons by Heckel et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2006) 021603], we set a new limit on the value of the torsion coupling constant K as K ∈ [0.53, 0.95], which has improved many orders than the constraints from the early spin-spin experiment with K ＜ 2 × 1014.
New perspectives for Rashba spin-orbit coupling
Manchon, A.; Koo, H. C.; Nitta, J.; Frolov, S. M.; Duine, R. A.
2015-09-01
In 1984, Bychkov and Rashba introduced a simple form of spin-orbit coupling to explain the peculiarities of electron spin resonance in two-dimensional semiconductors. Over the past 30 years, Rashba spin-orbit coupling has inspired a vast number of predictions, discoveries and innovative concepts far beyond semiconductors. The past decade has been particularly creative, with the realizations of manipulating spin orientation by moving electrons in space, controlling electron trajectories using spin as a steering wheel, and the discovery of new topological classes of materials. This progress has reinvigorated the interest of physicists and materials scientists in the development of inversion asymmetric structures, ranging from layered graphene-like materials to cold atoms. This Review discusses relevant recent and ongoing realizations of Rashba physics in condensed matter.
Current-induced torques and interfacial spin-orbit coupling
Haney, Paul M.
2013-12-19
In bilayer systems consisting of an ultrathin ferromagnetic layer adjacent to a metal with strong spin-orbit coupling, an applied in-plane current induces torques on the magnetization. The torques that arise from spin-orbit coupling are of particular interest. Here we use first-principles methods to calculate the current-induced torque in a Pt-Co bilayer to help determine the underlying mechanism. We focus exclusively on the analog to the Rashba torque, and do not consider the spin Hall effect. The details of the torque depend strongly on the layer thicknesses and the interface structure, providing an explanation for the wide variation in results found by different groups. The torque depends on the magnetization direction in a way similar to that found for a simple Rashba model. Artificially turning off the exchange spin splitting and separately the spin-orbit coupling potential in the Pt shows that the primary source of the “fieldlike” torque is a proximate spin-orbit effect on the Co layer induced by the strong spin-orbit coupling in the Pt.
Spin transition rates in nanowire superlattices: Rashba spin-orbit coupling effects
Prabhakar, Sanjay; Melnik, Roderick; Bonilla, Luis L.
2012-01-01
We investigate the influence of Rashba spin-orbit coupling in a parabolic nanowire modulated by longitudinal periodic potential. The modulation potential can be obtained from realistically grown supperlattices (SLs). Our study shows that the Rashba spin-orbit interaction induces the level crossing point in the parabolic nanowire SLs. We estimate large anticrossing width (approximately 117 $\\mu eV$) between singlet-triplet states. We study the phonon and electromagnetic field mediated spin tra...
Interplay of Coulomb interaction and spin-orbit coupling
Bünemann, Jörg; Linneweber, Thorben; Löw, Ute; Anders, Frithjof B.; Gebhard, Florian
2016-07-01
We employ the Gutzwiller variational approach to investigate the interplay of Coulomb interaction and spin-orbit coupling in a three-orbital Hubbard model. Already in the paramagnetic phase we find a substantial renormalization of the spin-orbit coupling that enters the effective single-particle Hamiltonian for the quasiparticles. Only close to half band-filling and for sizable Coulomb interaction do we observe clear signatures of Hund's atomic rules for spin, orbital, and total angular momentum. For a finite local Hund's rule exchange interaction we find a ferromagnetically ordered state. The spin-orbit coupling considerably reduces the size of the ordered moment, it generates a small ordered orbital moment, and it induces a magnetic anisotropy. To investigate the magnetic anisotropy energy, we use an external magnetic field that tilts the magnetic moment away from the easy axis (1 ,1 ,1 ) .
Nonreciprocal Transverse Photonic Spin and Magnetization-Induced Electromagnetic Spin-Orbit Coupling
Levy, Miguel
2016-01-01
A study of nonreciprocal transverse-spin angular-momentum-density shifts for evanescent waves in magneto-optic waveguide media is presented. Their functional relation to electromagnetic spin- and orbital-momenta is presented and analyzed. It is shown that the magneto-optic gyrotropy can be re-interpreted as the nonreciprocal electromagnetic spin-density shift per unit energy flux, thus providing an interesting alternative physical picture for the magneto-optic gyrotropy. The transverse spin-density shift is found to be thickness-dependent in slab optical waveguides. This dependence is traceable to the admixture of minority helicity components in the transverse spin angular momentum. It is also shown that the transverse spin is magnetically tunable. A formulation of electromagnetic spin-orbit coupling in magneto-optic media is presented, and an alternative source of spin-orbit coupling to non-paraxial optics vortices is proposed. It is shown that magnetization-induced electromagnetic spin-orbit coupling is pos...
Dielectric permittivity and temperature effects on spin-spin couplings studied on acetonitrile.
Sahakyan, Aleksandr B; Shahkhatuni, Astghik A; Shahkhatuni, Aleksan G; Panosyan, Henry A
2008-01-01
Dielectric permittivity (epsilon) and temperature effects on indirect spin-spin coupling constants were studied using acetonitrile as a probe molecule. Experiments were accompanied by hybrid DFT (density functional theory) studies, where the solvent was modeled using the polarization continuum model. Owing to its numerous types of J-couplings, acetonitrile is a very convenient molecule against which various basis sets can be tested or the best basis set can be selected for a given study. The results show reasonable agreement between calculated and experimental values. According to our data, scalar spin-spin coupling constants undergo substantial shifts at lower values of the dielectric constant. Thus J-coupling values are not transferable between measurements made at differing epsilon-conditions, and the assumption of the epsilon-independence of the J-coupling can lead to crucial mistakes in experiments using low-epsilon media. Dielectric permittivity also causes small geometric fluctuations within the molecule, which themselves can affect J-coupling values. Examinations of the results computed with frozen and relaxed geometries show that geometry mediation mostly affects the spin-dipole term of the J-coupling; hence, for accurate evaluation of the latter, frozen geometries are not acceptable. Another interesting fact revealed is the connection between the solvent dielectric properties and the temperature-dependence slopes of J-couplings in corresponding media. PMID:18098231
Unconventional Bose-Einstein Condensations from Spin-Orbit Coupling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHOU Xiang-Fa; WU Cong-Jun; Ian Mondragon-Shem
2011-01-01
According to the "no-node" theorem, the many-body ground state wavefunctions of conventional Bose-Einstein condensations (BEC) are positive-definite, thus time-reversal symmetry cannot be spontaneously broken. We find that multi-component bosons with spin-orbit coupling provide an unconventional type of BECs beyond this paradigm. We focus on a subtle case ofisotropic Rashba spin-orbit coupling and the spin-independent interaction. In the limit of the weak confining potential, the condensate wavefunctions are frustrated at the Hartree-Fock level due to the degeneracy of the Rashba ring. Quantum zero-point energy selects the spin-spiral type condensate through the "order-from-disorder" mechanism. In a strong harmonic confining trap, the condensate spontaneously generates a half-quantum vortex combined with the skyrmion type of spin texture. In both cases, time-reversal symmetry is spontaneously broken. These phenomena can be realized in both cold atom systems with artificial spin-orbit couplings generated from atom-laser interactions and exciton condensates in semi-conductor systems.%@@ According to the"no-node"theorem,the many-body ground state wavefunctions of conventional Bose-Einstein condensations(BEC)are positive-definite,thus time-reversal symmetry cannot be spontaneously broken.We find that multi-component bosons with spin-orbit coupling provide an unconventional type of BECs beyond this paradigm.We focus on a subtle case of isotropic Rashba spin-orbit coupling and the spin-independent interaction.In the limit of the weak confining potential,the condensate wavefunctions are frustrated at the Hartree-Fork level due to the degeneracy of the Rashba ring.Quantum zero-point energy selects the spin-spiral type condensate through the"order-from-disorder"mechanism.In a strong harmonic confining trap,the condensate spontaneously generates a half-quantum vortex combined with the skyrmion type of spin texture.In both cases,time-reversal symmetry is spontaneously broken
Semiclassical treatment of transport and spin relaxation in spin-orbit coupled systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lueffe, Matthias Clemens
2012-02-10
The coupling of orbital motion and spin, as derived from the relativistic Dirac equation, plays an important role not only in the atomic spectra but as well in solid state physics. Spin-orbit interactions are fundamental for the young research field of semiconductor spintronics, which is inspired by the idea to use the electron's spin instead of its charge for fast and power saving information processing in the future. However, on the route towards a functional spin transistor there is still some groundwork to be done, e.g., concerning the detailed understanding of spin relaxation in semiconductors. The first part of the present thesis can be placed in this context. We have investigated the processes contributing to the relaxation of a particularly long-lived spin-density wave, which can exist in semiconductor heterostructures with Dresselhaus and Rashba spin-orbit coupling of precisely the same magnitude. We have used a semiclassical spindiffusion equation to study the influence of the Coulomb interaction on the lifetime of this persistent spin helix. We have thus established that, in the presence of perturbations that violate the special symmetry of the problem, electron-electron scattering can have an impact on the relaxation of the spin helix. The resulting temperature-dependent lifetime reproduces the experimentally observed one in a satisfactory manner. It turns out that cubic Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling is the most important symmetry-breaking element. The Coulomb interaction affects the dynamics of the persistent spin helix also via an Hartree-Fock exchange field. As a consequence, the individual spins precess about the vector of the surrounding local spin density, thus causing a nonlinear dynamics. We have shown that, for an experimentally accessible degree of initial spin polarization, characteristic non-linear effects such as a dramatic increase of lifetime and the appearance of higher harmonics can be expected. Another fascinating solid
Exotic orbits due to spin-spin coupling around Kerr black holes
Han, Wen-Bias
2016-01-01
We report exotic orbital phenomena for the case of spinning particles orbiting around a Kerr black hole, i.e., some orbits of spinning particles are asymmetrical about the equatorial plane. When a test particle orbits around a Kerr black hole in strong field region, due to the relativistic orbital precessions, the trajectories of this particle are symmetrical about the equatorial plane of the Kerr black hole. However, in some certain orbital configurations and artificially large spins, the trajectories of the spinning particle are no longer symmetrical about the equatorial plane. These asymmetrical motions come from the spin-spin interactions (Papapetrou force) between the spins of particle and black hole. By analyzing a spinning particle locating initially at the polar direction (i.e., z axis) of the Kerr black hole, we find that the spin-spin coupling with the certain spin orientation can produce a repulsive effect comparing with the one produced by mass. In generic orbits, the direction of Papapetrou force...
Search for spin-coupled dark matter by of means of large volume scintillators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Spin-coupled WIMPs particles were searches by for using large volume NaI and CaD2 scintillators. Axial-vector (spin-coupled) excitation of 127I by inelastic scattering of dark matter (DM) was studied to search for spin-coupled DM. A new stringent limit on the spin-coupled DM was obtained. A new detector system with CaF2 was developed for studying elastic scattering of spin coupled WIMPs from 19F. (authors)
Room temperature coherent control of coupled single spins in solid
Gaebel, T.; Domhan, M.; Popa, I.; Wittmann, C; Neumann, P; Jelezko, F.; Rabeau, J. R.; Stavrias, N.; Greentree, A. D.; Prawer, S.; Meijer, J; Twamley, J.; Hemmer, P. R.; Wrachtrup, J.
2006-01-01
Coherent coupling between single quantum objects is at the heart of modern quantum physics. When coupling is strong enough to prevail over decoherence, it can be used for the engineering of correlated quantum states. Especially for solid-state systems, control of quantum correlations has attracted widespread attention because of applications in quantum computing. Such coherent coupling has been demonstrated in a variety of systems at low temperature1, 2. Of all quantum systems, spins are pote...
Spin-Lattice Coupling and Superconductivity in Fe Pnictides
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
T. Egami
2010-01-01
Full Text Available We consider strong spin-lattice and spin-phonon coupling in iron pnictides and discuss its implications on superconductivity. Strong magneto-volume effect in iron compounds has long been known as the Invar effect. Fe pnictides also exhibit this effect, reflected in particular on the dependence of the magnetic moment on the atomic volume of Fe defined by the positions of the nearest neighbor atoms. Through the phenomenological Landau theory, developed on the basis of the calculations by the density functional theory (DFT and the experimental results, we quantify the strength of the spin-lattice interaction as it relates to the Stoner criterion for the onset of magnetism. We suggest that the coupling between electrons and phonons through the spin channel may be sufficiently strong to be an important part of the superconductivity mechanism in Fe pnictides.
On the coupling between spinning particles and cosmological gravitational waves
Milillo, Irene; Montani, Giovanni
2008-01-01
The influence of spin in a system of classical particles on the propagation of gravitational waves is analyzed in the cosmological context of primordial thermal equilibrium. On a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker metric, when the precession is neglected, there is no contribution due to the spin to the distribution function of the particles. Adding a small tensor perturbation to the background metric, we study if a coupling between gravitational waves and spin exists that can modify the evolution of the distribution function, leading to new terms in the anisotropic stress, and then to a new source for gravitational waves. In the chosen gauge, the final result is that, in the absence of other kind of perturbations, there is no coupling between spin and gravitational waves.
Spin-Lattice Coupling and Superconductivity in Fe Pnictides
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider strong spin-lattice and spin-phonon coupling in iron pnictides and discuss its implications on superconductivity. Strong magneto-volume effect in iron compounds has long been known as the Invar effect. Fe pnictides also exhibit this effect, reflected in particular on the dependence of the magnetic moment on the atomic volume of Fe defined by the positions of the nearest neighbor atoms. Through the phenomenological Landau theory, developed on the basis of the calculations by the density functional theory (DFT) and the experimental results, we quantify the strength of the spin-lattice interaction as it relates to the Stoner criterion for the onset of magnetism. We suggest that the coupling between electrons and phonons through the spin channel may be sufficiently strong to be an important part of the superconductivity mechanism in Fe pnictides
Spin-Lattice Coupling and Superconductivity in Fe Pnictides
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Egami, Takeshi [ORNL; Singh, David J [ORNL; Fine, Boris V [ORNL; Subedi, Alaska P [ORNL; Parshall, Daniel [ORNL
2010-01-01
We consider strong spin-lattice and spin-phonon coupling in iron pnictides and discuss its implications on superconductivity. Strong magneto-volume effect in iron compounds has long been known as the Invar effect. Fe pnictides also exhibit this effect, reflected in particular on the dependence of the magnetic moment on the atomic volume of Fe defined by the positions of the nearest neighbor atoms. Through the phenomenological Landau theory, developed on the basis of the calculations by the density functional theory (DFT) and the experimental results, we quantify the strength of the spin-lattice interaction as it relates to the Stoner criterion for the onset of magnetism. We suggest that the coupling between electrons and phonons through the spin channel may be sufficiently strong to be an important part of the superconductivity mechanism in Fe pnictides.
Spin-Lattice Coupling and Superconductivity in Fe Pnictides
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider strong spin-lattice and spin-phonon coupling in iron pnictides and discuss its implications on superconductivity. Strong magneto-volume effect in iron compounds has long been known as the Invar effect. Fe pnictides also exhibit this effect, reflected in particular on the dependence of the magnetic moment on the atomic volume of Fe defined by the positions of the nearest neighbor atoms. Through the phenomenological Landau theory, developed on the basis of the calculations by the density functional theory (DFT) and the experimental results, we quantify the strength of the spin-lattice interaction as it relates to the Stoner criterion for the onset of magnetism. We suggest that the coupling between electrons and phonons through the spin channel may be sufficiently strong to be an important part of the superconductivity mechanism in Fe pnictides.
Coupling strength estimation for spin chains despite restricted access
Burgarth, Daniel; Maruyama, Koji; Nori, Franco
2008-01-01
Quantum control requires full knowledge of the system many-body Hamiltonian. In many cases this information is not directly available due to restricted access to the system. Here we show how to indirectly estimate all the coupling strengths in a spin chain by measuring one spin at the end of the chain. We also discuss the efficiency of this "quantum inverse problem" and give a numerical example.
The non-linear coupled spin 2-spin 3 Cotton equation in three dimensions
Linander, Hampus; Nilsson, Bengt E. W.
2016-07-01
In the context of three-dimensional conformal higher spin theory we derive, in the frame field formulation, the full non-linear spin 3 Cotton equation coupled to spin 2. This is done by solving the corresponding Chern-Simons gauge theory system of equations, that is, using F = 0 to eliminate all auxiliary fields and thus expressing the Cotton equation in terms of just the spin 3 frame field and spin 2 covariant derivatives and tensors (Schouten). In this derivation we neglect the spin 4 and higher spin sectors and approximate the star product commutator by a Poisson bracket. The resulting spin 3 Cotton equation is complicated but can be related to linearized versions in the metric formulation obtained previously by other authors. The expected symmetry (spin 3 "translation", "Lorentz" and "dilatation") properties are verified for Cotton and other relevant tensors but some perhaps unexpected features emerge in the process, in particular in relation to the non-linear equations. We discuss the structure of this non-linear spin 3 Cotton equation but its explicit form is only presented here, in an exact but not completely refined version, in appended files obtained by computer algebra methods. Both the frame field and metric formulations are provided.
Strong coupling of paramagnetic spins to a superconducting microwave resonator
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Greifenstein, Moritz; Zollitsch, Christoph; Lotze, Johannes; Hocke, Fredrik; Goennenwein, Sebastian T.B.; Huebl, Hans [Walther-Meissner-Institut (WMI), Garching (Germany); Gross, Rudolf [Walther-Meissner-Institut (WMI), Garching (Germany); Physik-Department, TU Muenchen, Garching (Germany)
2012-07-01
Under application of an external magnetic field, non-interacting electron spins behave as an ensemble of identical two-level-systems with tuneable transition frequency. When such an ensemble collectively interacts with a single mode of an electromagnetic resonator, the entire system can be described as two coupled quantum harmonic oscillators. The criterion for the observation of the so-called strong coupling regime is that the collective coupling strength g exceeds both the loss rate of the resonator {kappa} and of the spin ensemble {gamma}. In our experiment we realize a coupled spin-photon-system by introducing the spin marker DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) into the mode volume of a superconducting coplanar microwave resonator and investigate the interaction at 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 GHz. For tuning the resonance, we apply an in-plane magnetic field and observe interaction at around {+-}90, {+-}180 and {+-}270 mT. While the coupling with the fundamental mode and the first harmonic mode of the resonator is identified as weak, the second harmonic shows g=21 MHz, {kappa} = 6 MHz and {gamma} = 5 MHz, i.e. the strong coupling regime. We further investigate the dependence of g on temperature and on microwave input power.
Spin-orbit coupling in low-dimensional gold
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hueger, E. [Institute for Physics and Physical Technology, TU Clausthal, Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany); Department of Biomaterials, iba e.V., Rosenhof, Heilbad Heiligenstadt (Germany); Zeleny, M. [Faculty of Chemistry, Brno University of Technology, Brno (Czech Republic); Institute of Physics of Materials, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brno (Czech Republic); Kana, T. [Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, Brno (Czech Republic); Institute of Physics of Materials, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brno (Czech Republic); Sob, M. [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno (Czech Republic); Institute of Physics of Materials, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brno (Czech Republic)
2008-06-15
We present experimental and theoretical evidence of the role played by the spin-orbit coupling in the electronic structure of a pseudomorphic Au monolayer on Nb(001) substrate. The bands found with the help of the angle-resolved ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (ARUPS) are compared with those obtained from ab initio self-consistent calculations by the VASP and WIEN2k codes. The slab calculations are performed including geometric relaxation and using both the generalized-gradient (GGA) and local-density (LDA) approximations for the exchange-correlation energy. The dispersions and energy positions of the calculated bands agree with the experimentally determined band structure only if the LDA is used and the spin-orbit coupling is included. Therefore, both the structure relaxation and spin-orbit coupling are essential in understanding the electronic structure of the Au/Nb(001) system. (copyright 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)
Properties of spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates
Zhang, Yongping; Mossman, Maren Elizabeth; Busch, Thomas; Engels, Peter; Zhang, Chuanwei
2016-06-01
The experimental and theoretical research of spin-orbit-coupled ultracold atomic gases has advanced and expanded rapidly in recent years. Here, we review some of the progress that either was pioneered by our own work, has helped to lay the foundation, or has developed new and relevant techniques. After examining the experimental accessibility of all relevant spin-orbit coupling parameters, we discuss the fundamental properties and general applications of spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) over a wide range of physical situations. For the harmonically trapped case, we show that the ground state phase transition is a Dicke-type process and that spin-orbit-coupled BECs provide a unique platform to simulate and study the Dicke model and Dicke phase transitions. For a homogeneous BEC, we discuss the collective excitations, which have been observed experimentally using Bragg spectroscopy. They feature a roton-like minimum, the softening of which provides a potential mechanism to understand the ground state phase transition. On the other hand, if the collective dynamics are excited by a sudden quenching of the spin-orbit coupling parameters, we show that the resulting collective dynamics can be related to the famous Zitterbewegung in the relativistic realm. Finally, we discuss the case of a BEC loaded into a periodic optical potential. Here, the spin-orbit coupling generates isolated flat bands within the lowest Bloch bands whereas the nonlinearity of the system leads to dynamical instabilities of these Bloch waves. The experimental verification of this instability illustrates the lack of Galilean invariance in the system.
Anisotropic spin model of strong spin-orbit-coupled triangular antiferromagnets
Li, Yao-Dong; Wang, Xiaoqun; Chen, Gang
2016-07-01
Motivated by the recent experimental progress on the strong spin-orbit-coupled rare-earth triangular antiferromagnet, we analyze the highly anisotropic spin model that describes the interaction between the spin-orbit-entangled Kramers' doublet local moments on the triangular lattice. We apply the Luttinger-Tisza method, the classical Monte Carlo simulation, and the self-consistent spin wave theory to analyze the anisotropic spin Hamiltonian. The classical phase diagram includes the 120∘ state and two distinct stripe-ordered phases. The frustration is very strong and significantly suppresses the ordering temperature in the regimes close to the phase boundary between two ordered phases. Going beyond the semiclassical analysis, we include the quantum fluctuations of the spin moments within a self-consistent Dyson-Maleev spin-wave treatment. We find that the strong quantum fluctuations melt the magnetic order in the frustrated regions. We explore the magnetic excitations in the three different ordered phases as well as in strong magnetic fields. Our results provide a guidance for the future theoretical study of the generic model and are broadly relevant for strong spin-orbit-coupled triangular antiferromagnets such as YbMgGaO4, RCd3P3 , RZn3P3 , RCd3As3 , RZn3As3 , and R2O2CO3 .
Cavity-Induced Spin-Orbit Coupling in Cold Atoms
Zhu, Chuanzhou; Dong, Lin; Pu, Han
2016-05-01
We consider a single ultracold atom trapped inside a single-mode optical cavity, where a two-photon Raman process induces an effective coupling between atom's pseudo-spin and external center-of-mass (COM) motion. Without the COM motion, this system is described by the Jaynes-Cummings (JC) model. We show how the atomic COM motion dramatically modifies the predictions based on the JC model, and how the cavity photon field affects the properties of spin-orbit coupled system. We take a quantum Master equation approach to investigate the situation when the cavity pumping and decay are taken into account.
The non-linear coupled spin 2 - spin 3 Cotton equation in three dimensions
Linander, Hampus
2016-01-01
In the context of three-dimensional conformal higher spin theory we derive, in the frame field formulation, the full non-linear spin 3 Cotton equation coupled to spin 2. This is done by solving the corresponding Chern-Simons gauge theory system of equations, that is, using $F=0$ to eliminate all auxiliary fields and thus expressing the Cotton equation in terms of just the spin 3 frame field and spin 2 covariant derivatives and tensors (Schouten). In this derivation we neglect the spin 4 and higher spin sectors and approximate the star product commutator by a Poisson bracket. The resulting spin 3 Cotton equation is complicated but can be related to linearized versions in the metric formulation obtained previously by other authors. The expected symmetry (spin 3 "translation", "Lorentz" and "dilatation") properties are verified for Cotton and other relevant tensors but some perhaps unexpected features emerge in the process, in particular in relation to the non-linear equations. We discuss the structure of this n...
Magnetic phases of spin-1 spin-orbit-coupled Bose gases.
Campbell, D L; Price, R M; Putra, A; Valdés-Curiel, A; Trypogeorgos, D; Spielman, I B
2016-01-01
Phases of matter are characterized by order parameters describing the type and degree of order in a system. Here we experimentally explore the magnetic phases present in a near-zero temperature spin-1 spin-orbit-coupled atomic Bose gas and the quantum phase transitions between these phases. We observe ferromagnetic and unpolarized phases, which are stabilized by spin-orbit coupling's explicit locking between spin and motion. These phases are separated by a critical curve containing both first- and second-order transitions joined at a tricritical point. The first-order transition, with observed width as small as h × 4 Hz, gives rise to long-lived metastable states. These measurements are all in agreement with theory. PMID:27025562
Flying spin-qubit gates implemented through Dresselhaus and Rashba spin orbit couplings
Gong, S. J.; Yang, Z. Q.
2007-07-01
A theoretical scheme is proposed to implement flying spin-qubit gates based on two semiconductor wires with Dresselhaus and Rashba spin orbit couplings (SOCs), respectively. It is found that under the manipulation of the Dresselhaus/Rashba SOC, spin rotates around x/y axis in the three-dimensional spin space. By combining the two kinds of manipulations, i.e. connecting the two kinds of semiconductor wires in series, we obtain a universal set of losses flying single-qubit gates including Hadamard, phase, and π/8 gates. A ballistic switching effect of electronic flow is also found in the investigation. Our results may be useful in future spin or nanoscale electronics.
Spin-lattice coupling in iron jarosite
Buurma, A. J. C.; Handayani, I. P.; Mufti, N.; Blake, G. R.; van Loosdrecht, P. H. M.; Palstra, T. T. M.
2012-01-01
We have studied the magnetoelectric coupling of the frustrated triangular antiferromagnet iron jarosite using Raman spectroscopy, dielectric measurements and specific heat. Temperature dependent capacitance measurements show an anomaly in the dielectric constant at T-N. Specific heat data indicate t
Search for a coupling of the proton spin to gravity
Jackson Kimball, Derek; Dudley, Jordan; Li, Yan; Patel, Dilan
2016-05-01
We present an overview of progress in our search for a long-range coupling between rubidium (Rb) nuclear spins and the mass of the Earth, which can be interpreted as a search for a long-range monopole-dipole interaction or a spin-gravity coupling. The experiment consists of simultaneous measurement of the spin precession frequencies of overlapping ensembles of Rb-85 and Rb-87 atoms contained within an evacuated, antirelaxation-coated vapor cell. Because of the nuclear structure of Rb-85 and Rb-87, the experiment is particularly sensitive to anomalous spin-dependent interactions of the proton. We have studied a number of important systematic effects related to vector and tensor light shifts, optical pumping effects, the ac and nonlinear Zeeman effects, and magnetic field gradients. We anticipate that our experiment can improve sensitivity to anomalous long-range spin-mass couplings of the proton compared to previous experiments by more than an order of magnitude. Supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant PHY-1307507.
Inverse spin Hall effect in ferromagnetic metal with Rashba spin orbit coupling
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M.-J. Xing
2012-09-01
Full Text Available We report an intrinsic form of the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE in ferromagnetic (FM metal with Rashba spin orbit coupling (RSOC, which is driven by a normal charge current. Unlike the conventional form, the ISHE can be induced without the need for spin current injection from an external source. Our theoretical results show that Hall voltage is generated when the FM moment is perpendicular to the ferromagnetic layer. The polarity of the Hall voltage is reversed upon switching the FM moment to the opposite direction, thus promising a useful reading mechanism for memory or logic applications.
Electric field controlled spin interference in a system with Rashba spin-orbit coupling
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Orion Ciftja
2016-05-01
Full Text Available There have been intense research efforts over the last years focused on understanding the Rashba spin-orbit coupling effect from the perspective of possible spintronics applications. An important component of this line of research is aimed at control and manipulation of electron’s spin degrees of freedom in semiconductor quantum dot devices. A promising way to achieve this goal is to make use of the tunable Rashba effect that relies on the spin-orbit interaction in a two-dimensional electron system embedded in a host semiconducting material that lacks inversion-symmetry. This way, the Rashba spin-orbit coupling effect may potentially lead to fabrication of a new generation of spintronic devices where control of spin, thus magnetic properties, is achieved via an electric field and not a magnetic field. In this work we investigate theoretically the electron’s spin interference and accumulation process in a Rashba spin-orbit coupled system consisting of a pair of two-dimensional semiconductor quantum dots connected to each other via two conducting semi-circular channels. The strength of the confinement energy on the quantum dots is tuned by gate potentials that allow “leakage” of electrons from one dot to another. While going through the conducting channels, the electrons are spin-orbit coupled to a microscopically generated electric field applied perpendicular to the two-dimensional system. We show that interference of spin wave functions of electrons travelling through the two channels gives rise to interference/conductance patterns that lead to the observation of the geometric Berry’s phase. Achieving a predictable and measurable observation of Berry’s phase allows one to control the spin dynamics of the electrons. It is demonstrated that this system allows use of a microscopically generated electric field to control Berry’s phase, thus, enables one to tune the spin-dependent interference pattern and spintronic properties with no
Sayed, Shehrin; Hong, Seokmin; Datta, Supriyo
We will present a general semiclassical theory for an arbitrary channel with spin-orbit coupling (SOC), that uses four electrochemical potential (U + , D + , U - , and D -) depending on the sign of z-component of the spin (up (U) , down (D)) and the sign of the x-component of the group velocity (+ , -) . This can be considered as an extension of the standard spin diffusion equation that uses two electrochemical potentials for up and down spin states, allowing us to take into account the unique coupling between charge and spin degrees of freedom in channels with SOC. We will describe applications of this model to answer a number of interesting questions in this field such as: (1) whether topological insulators can switch magnets, (2) how the charge to spin conversion is influenced by the channel resistivity, and (3) how device structures can be designed to enhance spin injection. This work was supported by FAME, one of six centers of STARnet, a Semiconductor Research Corporation program sponsored by MARCO and DARPA.
On matter coupled to the higher spin square
Raeymaekers, Joris
2016-09-01
Gaberdiel and Gopakumar recently proposed that the tensionless limit of string theory on {{AdS}}3× {S}3× {T}4 takes the form of a higher spin theory with a gauge algebra that is referred to as the higher spin square (hss). In this note, we formulate the linearized Vasiliev-type equations which describe a matter field coupled to the hss. We study the particle spectrum of this field and show that it accounts for the entire untwisted sector of the dual symmetric orbifold CFT, thereby confirming a conjecture by Gaberdiel and Gopakumar. In doing so, we pinpoint the group-theoretic data which determine the spectrum of a matter field coupled to a general higher spin algebra, which we illustrate by revisiting the theory based on the {hs}[1/2] algebra.
Coupled intertwiner dynamics: A toy model for coupling matter to spin foam models
Steinhaus, Sebastian
2015-09-01
The universal coupling of matter and gravity is one of the most important features of general relativity. In quantum gravity, in particular spin foams, matter couplings have been defined in the past, yet the mutual dynamics, in particular if matter and gravity are strongly coupled, are hardly explored, which is related to the definition of both matter and gravitational degrees of freedom on the discretization. However, extracting these mutual dynamics is crucial in testing the viability of the spin foam approach and also establishing connections to other discrete approaches such as lattice gauge theories. Therefore, we introduce a simple two-dimensional toy model for Yang-Mills coupled to spin foams, namely an Ising model coupled to so-called intertwiner models defined for SU (2 )k. The two systems are coupled by choosing the Ising coupling constant to depend on spin labels of the background, as these are interpreted as the edge lengths of the discretization. We coarse grain this toy model via tensor network renormalization and uncover an interesting dynamics: the Ising phase transition temperature turns out to be sensitive to the background configurations and conversely, the Ising model can induce phase transitions in the background. Moreover, we observe a strong coupling of both systems if close to both phase transitions.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kirpekar, Sheela; Jensen, Hans Jørgen Aagaard; Oddershede, Jens
1997-01-01
Using the quadratic response function at the ab initio SCF level of approximation we have calculated the relativistic corrections from the spin-orbit Hamiltonian, HSO, to the indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants of XH4 (X = C, Si, Ge, and Sn). We find that the spin-orbit contributions to...
Spin-orbit coupling in a hexagonal ring of pendula
Salerno, Grazia; Ozawa, Tomoki; Price, Hannah M; Taxis, Ludovic; Pugno, Nicola M; Carusotto, Iacopo
2016-01-01
We consider the mechanical motion of a system of six macroscopic pendula which are connected with springs and arranged in a hexagonal geometry. When the springs are pre-tensioned, the coupling between neighbouring pendula along the longitudinal (L) and the transverse (T) directions are different: identifying the motion along the L and T directions as a spin-like degree of freedom, we theoretically and experimentally verify that the pre-tensioned springs result in a tunable spin-orbit coupling. We elucidate the structure of such a spin-orbit coupling in the extended two-dimensional honeycomb lattice, making connections to physics of graphene. The experimental frequencies and the oscillation patterns of the eigenmodes for the hexagonal ring of pendula are extracted from a spectral analysis of the motion of the pendula in response to an external excitation and are found to be in good agreement with our theoretical predictions. We anticipate that extending this classical analogue of quantum mechanical spin-orbit ...
Spin-current-driven thermoelectric generation based on interfacial spin-orbit coupling
Yagmur, A.; Karube, S.; Uchida, K.; Kondou, K.; Iguchi, R.; Kikkawa, T.; Otani, Y.; Saitoh, E.
2016-06-01
The longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (SSE) in Bi2O3/Cu/yttrium-iron-garnet (YIG) devices has been investigated. When an out-of-plane temperature gradient is applied to the Bi2O3/Cu/YIG device, a spin current is generated across the Cu/YIG interface via the SSE and then converted into electric voltage due to the spin-orbit coupling at the Bi2O3/Cu interface. The sign of the SSE voltage in the Bi2O3/Cu/YIG devices is opposite to that induced by the conventional inverse spin Hall effect in Pt/YIG devices. The SSE voltage in the Bi2O3/Cu/YIG devices disappears in the absence of the Bi2O3 layer and its thermoelectric conversion efficiency is independent of the Cu thickness, indicating the important role of the Bi2O3/Cu interface. This result demonstrates that not only the bulk inverse spin Hall effect but also the spin-orbit coupling near the interface can be used for SSE-based thermoelectric generation.
Dynamical spin-density waves in a spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate
Li, Yan; Qu, Chunlei; Zhang, Yongsheng; Zhang, Chuanwei
2015-07-01
Synthetic spin-orbit (SO) coupling, an important ingredient for quantum simulation of many exotic condensed matter physics, has recently attracted considerable attention. The static and dynamic properties of a SO-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) have been extensively studied in both theory and experiment. Here we numerically investigate the generation and propagation of a dynamical spin-density wave (SDW) in a SO-coupled BEC using a fast moving Gaussian-shaped barrier. We find that the SDW wavelength is sensitive to the barrier's velocity while varies slightly with the barrier's peak potential or width. We qualitatively explain the generation of SDW by considering a rectangular barrier in a one-dimensional system. Our results may motivate future experimental and theoretical investigations of rich dynamics in the SO-coupled BEC induced by a moving barrier.
Spin lattice coupling in multiferroic hexagonal YMnO3
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Sylvain Petit; Stéphane Pailhès; Xavier Fabrèges; Martine Hennion; Fernande Moussa; Loreynne Pinsard; Louis-Pierre Regnault; Alexander Ivanov
2008-10-01
Aiming to shed light on the possible existence of hybrid phonon—magnon excitations in multiferroic manganites, neutron scattering measurements have been un-dertaken at LLB and ILL on the particular case of hexagonal YMnO3. Our experiments focused on a transverse acoustic phonon mode polarized along the ferroelectric axis. The neutron data show that below the magnetic transition, this particular phonon mode splits in two different branches. The upper branch is found to coincide with a spin wave mode. This manifestation of a strong spin-lattice coupling is discussed in terms of a possible hybridization between the two types of elementary excitations, the phonon and magnons.
Shen, SQ; Ma, X.; Hu, L.; Tao, R.
2004-01-01
In a two-dimensional electron gas with Rashba spin-orbit coupling, the external electric field may cause a spin Hall current in the direction perpendicular to the electric field. This effect was called the intrinsic spin Hall effect. In this paper, we investigate the influences of spin accumulation on this intrinsic spin Hall effect. We show that due to the existence of boundaries in a real sample, the spin Hall current generated by the intrinsic spin Hall effect will cause spin accumulation ...
Spin-orbit angular momentum coupling in a spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensate
Chen, Li; Pu, Han; Zhang, Yunbo
2016-01-01
We propose a simple model with spin and orbit angular momentum coupling in a spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensate, where three internal atomic states are Raman coupled by a pair of copropagating Laguerre-Gaussian beams. The resulting Raman transition imposes a transfer of orbital angular momentum between photons and the condensate in a spin-dependent way. Focusing on a regime where the single-particle ground state is nearly threefold degenerate, we show that the weak interatomic interaction in the condensate produces a rich phase diagram, and that a many-body Rabi oscillation between two quantum phases can be induced by a sudden quench of the quadratic Zeeman shift. We carried out our calculations using both a variational method and a full numerical method, and found excellent agreement.
Christensen, Morten H.; Kang, Jian; Andersen, Brian M.; Eremin, Ilya; Fernandes, Rafael M.
2015-12-01
In most magnetically-ordered iron pnictides, the magnetic moments lie in the FeAs planes, parallel to the modulation direction of the spin stripes. However, recent experiments in hole-doped iron pnictides have observed a reorientation of the magnetic moments from in-plane to out-of-plane. Interestingly, this reorientation is accompanied by a change in the magnetic ground state from a stripe antiferromagnet to a tetragonal nonuniform magnetic configuration. Motivated by these recent observations, here we investigate the origin of the spin anisotropy in iron pnictides using an itinerant microscopic electronic model that respects all the symmetry properties of a single FeAs plane. We find that the interplay between the spin-orbit coupling and the Hund's rule coupling can account for the observed spin anisotropies, including the spin reorientation in hole-doped pnictides, without the need to invoke orbital or nematic order. Our calculations also reveal an asymmetry between the magnetic ground states of electron- and hole-doped compounds, with only the latter displaying tetragonal magnetic states.
Coupled intertwiner dynamics - a toy model for coupling matter to spin foam models
Steinhaus, Sebastian
2015-01-01
The universal coupling of matter and gravity is one of the most important features of general relativity. In quantum gravity, in particular spin foams, matter couplings have been defined in the past, yet the mutual dynamics, in particular if matter and gravity are strongly coupled, are hardly explored, which is related to the definition of both matter and gravitational degrees of freedom on the discretisation. However extracting this mutual dynamics is crucial in testing the viability of the spin foam approach and also establishing connections to other discrete approaches such as lattice gauge theories. Therefore, we introduce a simple 2D toy model for Yang--Mills coupled to spin foams, namely an Ising model coupled to so--called intertwiner models defined for $\\text{SU}(2)_k$. The two systems are coupled by choosing the Ising coupling constant to depend on spin labels of the background, as these are interpreted as the edge lengths of the discretisation. We coarse grain this toy model via tensor network renor...
Pravdivtsev, Andrey N; Yurkovskaya, Alexandra V; Vieth, Hans-Martin; Ivanov, Konstantin L
2016-01-01
We propose a robust and highly efficient NMR technique to create singlet spin order from longitudinal spin magnetization in coupled spin-1/2 pairs and to perform backward conversion (singlet order)$\\to$magnetization. In this method we exploit adiabatic switching of an RF-field in order to drive transitions between the singlet state and the $T_\\pm$ triplet states of a spin pair under study. We demonstrate that the method works perfectly for both strongly and weakly coupled spin pairs, providing a conversion efficiency between the singlet spin order and magnetization, which is equal to the theoretical maximum. We anticipate that the proposed technique is useful for generating long-lived singlet order, for preserving spin hyperpolarization and for assessing singlet spin order in nearly equivalent spin pairs in specially designed molecules and in low-field NMR studies.
The statistical origins of gauge coupling and spin
Klein, U
2010-01-01
A previous one-dimensional derivation of Schr\\"odinger's equation from statistical assumptions is generalized to three spatial dimensions, gauge fields, and spin. It is found that the same statistical assumptions that imply Schr\\"odinger's equation determine also the form of the gauge coupling terms, and the form of the corresponding local (Lorentz) forces. An explanation for the role of the electrodynamic potentials, as statistical representatives of the Lorentz force, is given. Spin one-half is introduced as the property of a statistical ensemble to respond to an external gauge field in two different ways. A generalized calculation, using the twofold number of variables, leads to Pauli's equation. The new spin term is again the statistical representative of the corresponding local force. The classical limit $\\hbar \\to 0$ of Schr\\"odinger's equation and closely related questions of interpretation of the quantum mechanical formalism are discussed.
Spin-orbit coupled fermions in an optical lattice clock
Kolkowitz, S; Bothwell, T; Wall, M L; Marti, G E; Koller, A P; Zhang, X; Rey, A M; Ye, J
2016-01-01
Engineered spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in cold atom systems can aid in the study of novel synthetic materials and complex condensed matter phenomena. Despite great advances, alkali atom SOC systems are hindered by heating from spontaneous emission, which limits the observation of many-body effects. Here we demonstrate the use of optical lattice clocks (OLCs) to engineer and study SOC with metrological precision and negligible heating. We show that clock spectroscopy of the ultra-narrow transition in fermionic 87Sr represents a momentum- and spin-resolved in situ probe of the SOC band structure and eigenstates, providing direct access to the SOC dynamics and control over lattice band populations, internal electronic states, and quasimomenta. We utilize these capabilities to study Bloch oscillations, spin-momentum locking, and van Hove singularities in the transition density of states. Our results lay the groundwork for the use of OLCs to probe novel SOC phases including magnetic crystals, helical liquids, and to...
Spin waves in antiferromagnetically coupled bimetallic oxalates.
Reis, Peter L; Fishman, Randy S
2009-01-01
Bimetallic oxalates are molecule-based magnets with transition-metal ions M(II) and M(')(III) arranged on an open honeycomb lattice. Performing a Holstein-Primakoff expansion, we obtain the spin-wave spectrum of antiferromagnetically coupled bimetallic oxalates as a function of the crystal-field angular momentum L(2) and L(3) on the M(II) and M(')(III) sites. Our results are applied to the Fe(II)Mn(III), Ni(II)Mn(III) and V(II)V(III) bimetallic oxalates, where the spin-wave gap varies from 0 meV for quenched angular momentum to as high as 15 meV. The presence or absence of magnetic compensation appears to have no effect on the spin-wave gap. PMID:21817242
Spin-phonon coupling and ferroelectricity in magnetoelectric gallium ferrite
Mukherjee, Somdutta
2014-03-01
Gallium ferrite (GaFeO3 or GFO) is a low temperature ferrimagnet and room temperature piezoelectric wherein the magnetic transition temperature (TC) could be tailored to room temperature and above by tuning the stoichiometry and processing conditions. Such tunability of the magnetic transition temperature renders GFO a unique perspective in the research of multiferroics to potentially demonstrate room temperature magnetoelectric effect attractive for futuristic digital memory applications. Recent studies in several transition metal oxides highlight the importance of spin-phonon coupling in designing novel multiferroics by means of strain induced phase transition. In the present work, we have systematically studied the evolution of phonons in good quality samples of GFO across the TC using Raman spectroscopy. Using the phonon softening behavior and nearest neighbor spin-spin correlation function below TC we estimated spin-phonon coupling strength in the magnetically ordered state. In the process, we also show, for the first time, the presence of a spin glass phase in GFO where the spin-glass transition has a signature of abrupt change in spin-phonon coupling strength. Though GFO is piezoelectric and crystallizes in polar Pc21n symmetry, its ferroelectric nature remained controversial probably due to the large leakage current in the bulk material. To address this issue, we deposited epitaxial thin film on single crystalline yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) substrate using indium tin oxide (ITO) as a bottom conducting layer. We demonstrate clear evidence of room temperature ferroelectricity in the thin films from the 180o phase shift of the piezoresponse upon switching the electric field. Further, suppression of dielectric anomaly in presence of an external magnetic field clearly reveals a pronounced magneto-dielectric coupling across the magnetic transition temperature. In addition, using first principles calculations we elucidate that Fe ions are not only
Dynamics of a two-level system coupled to a bath of spins
Wang, Haobin; Shao, Jiushu
2012-12-01
The dynamics of a two-level system coupled to a spin bath is investigated via the numerically exact multilayer multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree (ML-MCTDH) theory. Consistent with the previous work on linear response approximation [N. Makri, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 2823 (1999)], 10.1021/jp9847540, it is demonstrated numerically that this spin-spin-bath model can be mapped onto the well-known spin-boson model if the system-bath coupling strength obeys an appropriate scaling behavior. This linear response mapping, however, may require many bath spin degrees of freedom to represent the practical continuum limit. To clarify the discrepancies resulted from different approximate treatments of this model, the population dynamics of the central two-level system has been investigated near the transition boundary between the coherent and incoherent motions via the ML-MCTDH method. It is found that increasing temperature favors quantum coherence in the nonadiabatic limit of this model, which corroborates the prediction in the previous work [J. Shao and P. Hanggi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5710 (1998)], 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.5710 based on the non-interacting blip approximation (NIBA). However, the coherent-incoherent boundary obtained by the exact ML-MCTDH simulation is slightly different from the approximate NIBA results. Quantum dynamics in other physical regimes are also discussed.
Spin-phonon coupling in scandium doped gallium ferrite
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chakraborty, Keka R., E-mail: kekarc@barc.gov.in, E-mail: smyusuf@barc.gov.in; Mukadam, M. D.; Basu, S.; Yusuf, S. M., E-mail: kekarc@barc.gov.in, E-mail: smyusuf@barc.gov.in [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Paul, Barnita; Roy, Anushree [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721302 (India); Grover, Vinita; Tyagi, A. K. [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India)
2015-03-28
We embarked on a study of Scandium (Sc) doped (onto Ga site) gallium ferrite (GaFeO{sub 3}) and found remarkable magnetic properties. In both doped as well as parent compounds, there were three types of Fe{sup 3+} ions (depending on the symmetry) with the structure conforming to space group Pna2{sub 1} (Sp. Grp. No. 33) below room temperature down to 5 K. We also found that all Fe{sup 3+} ions occupy octahedral sites, and carry high spin moment. For the higher Sc substituted sample (Ga{sub 1−x}Sc{sub x}FeO{sub 3}: x = 0.3), a canted magnetic ordered state is found. Spin-phonon coupling below Néel temperature was observed in doped compounds. Our results indicated that Sc doping in octahedral site modifies spin-phonon interactions of the parent compound. The spin-phonon coupling strength was estimated for the first time in these Sc substituted compounds.
Localisation of spin orbit coupling in silicon-germanium alloys
Vincent, J K
2002-01-01
The validity of the standard method of treating silicon-germanium alloy systems - the virtual crystal approximation - is studied. The largest difference between the properties of silicon and germanium is the GAMMA-point spin orbit coupling (0.04 eV in silicon and 0.29 eV in germanium). As the spin orbit potential is delta function like it might be expected that simply smearing out the potential to an average in the alloy is not appropriate. Calculations using k centre dot p theory and the Empirical Pseudopotential method are performed to compare the density of states, bandstructure and dielectric function of supercell based silicon-germanium alloys with an averaged out (virtual crystal) spin orbit coupling potential and with the situation when the potential is localised at the germanium sites. In general it was found that the virtual crystal approximation holds for silicon-germanium as the localisation of the spin orbit potential caused only small changes in the energy levels of the system. However the effect...
Spin-orbit coupling in methyl functionalized graphene
Zollner, Klaus; Frank, Tobias; Irmer, Susanne; Gmitra, Martin; Kochan, Denis; Fabian, Jaroslav
2016-01-01
We present first-principles calculations of the electronic band structure and spin-orbit effects in graphene functionalized with methyl molecules in dense and dilute limits. The dense limit is represented by a 2 ×2 graphene supercell functionalized with one methyl admolecule. The calculated spin-orbit splittings are up to 0.6 meV. The dilute limit is deduced by investigating a large, 7 ×7 , supercell with one methyl admolecule. The electronic band structure of this supercell is fitted to a symmetry-derived effective Hamiltonian, allowing us to extract specific hopping parameters including intrinsic, Rashba, and pseudospin inversion asymmetry spin-orbit terms. These proximity-induced spin-orbit parameters have magnitudes of about 1 meV, giant compared to pristine graphene whose intrinsic spin-orbit coupling is about 10 μ eV . We find that the origin of this giant local enhancement is the s p3 corrugation and the breaking of local pseudospin inversion symmetry, as in the case of hydrogen adatoms. Similarly to hydrogen, also methyl acts as a resonant scatterer, with a narrow resonance peak near the charge neutrality point. We also calculate STM-like images showing the local charge densities at different energies around methyl on graphene.
Spin-Orbit and Spin-Spin Coupling in the Triplet State
Perumal, Sathya Sai Ramakrishna Raj
2012-01-01
The underlying theory of “Spin” of an electron and its associated inter-actions causing internal fields and spectral shift to bulk-magnetism iswell established now. Our understanding of spin properties is significant andmore useful than ever before. In recent years there seems to be an enormousinterest towards application oriented materials that harness those spin prop-erties. Theoretical simulations remain in a position to “assist or pilot” theexperimental discovery of new materials.In this ...
Spin-1 bosons with coupled ground states in optical lattices
Krutitsky, K. V.; Graham, R
2004-01-01
The superfluid--Mott-insulator phase transition of ultracold spin-1 bosons with ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions in an optical lattice is theoretically investigated. Two counterpropagating linearly polarized laser beams with the angle $\\theta$ between the polarization vectors (lin-$\\theta$-lin configuration), driving an $F_g=1$ to $F_e=1$ internal atomic transition, create the optical lattice and at the same time couple atomic ground states with magnetic quantum numbers $m=\\pm...
Multiple ising spins coupled to 2d quantum gravity
Harris, M G
1994-01-01
We study a model in which p independent Ising spins are coupled to 2d quantum gravity (in the form of dynamical planar phi-cubed graphs). Consideration is given to the p tends to infinity limit in which the partition function becomes dominated by certain graphs; we identify most of these graphs. A truncated model is solved exactly providing information about the behaviour of the full model in the limit of small beta. Finally, we derive a bound for the critical value of the coupling constant, beta_c and examine the magnetization transition in the limit p tends to zero.
Raman-induced Spin-Orbit Coupling in Optical Superlattices
Li, Junru; Huang, Wujie; Shteynas, Boris; Burchesky, Sean; Top, Furkan; Jamison, Alan; Ketterle, Wolfgang
2016-05-01
We demonstrate a new scheme for spin-orbit coupling (SOC) of ultracold atoms. Instead of internal (hyperfine) states, two lowest bands in an optical superlattice were used as pseudospins. A Raman process was implemented to provide coupling between pseudospin and momentum. With single internal state and far-detuned beams used, our new scheme will allow convenient generalisation to a wide range of atoms. Pseudospin interaction is tuneable by controlling the superlattice, allowing us to study many-body phenomena in SOC systems such as the stripe phase.
Harmonic trap resonance enhanced synthetic atomic spin-orbit coupling
Wu, Ling-Na; Luo, Xinyu; Xu, Zhi-Fang; Ueda, Masahito; Wang, Ruquan; You, Li
2016-05-01
The widely adopted scheme for synthetic atomic spin-orbit coupling (SOC) is based on the momentum sensitive Raman coupling, which is easily implemented in one spatial dimension. Recently, schemes based on pulsed or periodically modulating gradient magnetic field (GMF) were proposed and the main characteristic features have subsequently been demonstrated. The present work reports an experimental discovery and the associated theoretical understanding of tuning the SOC strength synthesized with GMF through the motional resonance of atomic center-of-mass in a harmonic trap. In some limits, we observe up to 10 times stronger SOC compared to the momentum impulse from GMF for atoms in free space.
Curvature-enhanced Spin-orbit Coupling and Spinterface Effect in Fullerene-based Spin Valves
Liang, Shiheng; Geng, Rugang; Yang, Baishun; Zhao, Wenbo; Chandra Subedi, Ram; Li, Xiaoguang; Han, Xiufeng; Nguyen, Tho Duc
2016-01-01
We investigated curvature-enhanced spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and spinterface effect in carbon-based organic spin valves (OSVs) using buckyball C60 and C70 molecules. Since the naturally abundant 12C has spinless nuclear, the materials have negligible hyperfine interaction (HFI) and the same intrinsic SOC, but different curvature SOC due to their distinct curvatures. We fitted the thickness dependence of magnetoresistance (MR) in OSVs at various temperatures using the modified Jullière equation. We found that the spin diffusion length in the C70 film is above 120 nm, clearly longer than that in C60 film at all temperatures. The effective SOC ratio of the C70 film to the C60 film was estimated to be about 0.8. This was confirmed by the magneto-electroluminescence (MEL) measurement in fullerene-based light emitting diodes (LED). Next, the effective spin polarization in C70-based OSVs is smaller than that in C60-based OSVs implying that they have different spinterface effect. First principle calculation study shows that the spin polarization of the dz2 orbital electrons of Co atoms contacted with C60 is larger causing better effective spin polarization at the interface.
Correlation of 1JCH spin-spin coupling constants and their solvent sensitivities
Shahkhatuni, Astghik A.; Sahakyan, Aleksandr B.; Shahkhatuni, Aleksan G.; Mamyan, Suren S.; Panosyan, Henry A.
2012-07-01
The solvent induced changes of one-bond spin-spin coupling constants (SSCC) of several substituted methanes are investigated in solvents with different polarities. The correlation between solute SSCC and solvent dielectric constant is used to estimate the solvent effect-free ('pure') values of SSCCs by linear extrapolation to zero in reaction field coordinates. The obtained 'pure' SSCCs are close to the values, measured by gas phase NMR spectroscopy or predicted by quantum chemical calculations for isolated molecules. The slopes of SSCC dependencies, interpreted as solvent sensitivities of each molecule, are linearly correlated with the 'pure' values of SSCC.
Dressed-state resonant coupling between bright and dark spins in diamond.
Belthangady, C; Bar-Gill, N; Pham, L M; Arai, K; Le Sage, D; Cappellaro, P; Walsworth, R L
2013-04-12
Under ambient conditions, spin impurities in solid-state systems are found in thermally mixed states and are optically "dark"; i.e., the spin states cannot be optically controlled. Nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond are an exception in that the electronic spin states are "bright"; i.e., they can be polarized by optical pumping, coherently manipulated with spin-resonance techniques, and read out optically, all at room temperature. Here we demonstrate a scheme to resonantly couple bright NV electronic spins to dark substitutional-nitrogen (P1) electronic spins by dressing their spin states with oscillating magnetic fields. This resonant coupling mechanism can be used to transfer spin polarization from NV spins to nearby dark spins and could be used to cool a mesoscopic bath of dark spins to near-zero temperature, thus providing a resource for quantum information and sensing, and aiding studies of quantum effects in many-body spin systems. PMID:25167312
Spin - orbital-angular-momentum coupling in Bose-Einstein condensates
Sun, Kuei; Qu, Chunlei; Zhang, Chuanwei
2014-01-01
Spin-orbit coupling (SOC) plays a crucial role in many branches of physics. In this context, the recent experimental realization of the coupling between spin and linear momentum of ultracold atoms opens a completely new avenue for exploring new spin-related superfluid physics. Here we propose that another important and fundamental SOC, the coupling between spin and orbital angular momentum (SOAM), can be implemented for ultracold atoms using higher-order Laguerre-Gaussian laser beams to induc...
Spin asymmetries for elastic proton scattering and the spin dependent couplings of the Pomeron
Trueman, T L
2007-01-01
This paper serves as a report on the large amount of analysis done in conjunction with the polarized proton program at RHIC. This comprises elastic scattering data of protons on protons in colliding beam or fixed target mode and proton beams on carbon targets. In addition to providing a model for the energy dependence of the analyzing power of elastic scattering needed for proton polarimetry, it also provides some significant information about the spin dependence of dominant Regge poles. Most notably, the data indicates that the Pomeron has a significant spin-flip coupling. This allows the exploration of the double spin flip asymmetry A_{NN} for which some data over a wide energy range is now available, along with a concrete realization of a proposed Odderon search.
Coupling Between Spin and Gravitational Field and Equation of Motion of Spin
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
In general relativity, the equation of motion of the spin is given by the equation of parallel transport, which is a result of the space-time geometry. Any result of the space-time geometry cannot be directly applied to gauge theory of gravity. In gauge theory of gravity, based on the viewpoint of the coupling between the spin and gravitational field,an equation of motion of the spin is deduced. In the post Newtonian approximation, it is proved that this equation gives the same result as that of the equation of parallel transport. So, in the post Newtonian approximation, gauge theory of gravity gives out the same prediction on the precession of orbiting gyroscope as that of general relativity.
Spin Hall effect in spin-valley coupled monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides
Shan, Wenyu; Lu, Haizhou; Xiao, Di
2014-03-01
We study both the intrinsic and extrinsic spin Hall effect in spin-valley coupled monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides. We find that whereas the skew-scattering contribution is suppressed by the large band gap, the side-jump contribution is comparable to the intrinsic one with opposite sign in the presence of scalar and magnetic scattering. Intervalley scattering tends to suppress the side-jump contribution due to the loss of coherence. By tuning the ratio of intra- to intervalley scattering, the spin Hall conductivity shows a sign change in hole-doped samples. The multiband effect in other doping regimes is considered, and it is found that the sign change exists in the heavily hole-doped regime, but not in the electron-doped regime. the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division (W.S.) and by AFOSR Grant No. FA9550-12-1-0479 (D.X.).
Spin Hall effect in spin-valley coupled monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shan, Wen-Yu [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU); Lu, Hai-Zhou [University of Hong Kong, The; Xiao, Di [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU)
2013-01-01
We study both the intrinsic and extrinsic spin Hall effect in spin-valley coupled monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides. We find that whereas the skew-scattering contribution is suppressed by the large band gap, the side-jump contribution is comparable to the intrinsic one with opposite sign in the presence of scalar andmagnetic scattering. Intervalley scattering tends to suppress the side-jump contribution due to the loss of coherence. By tuning the ratio of intra- to intervalley scattering, the spin Hall conductivity shows a sign change in hole-doped samples. The multiband effect in other doping regimes is considered, and it is found that the sign change exists in the heavily hole-doped regime, but not in the electron-doped regime.
Morawetz, K.
2015-12-01
The coupled kinetic equation for density and spin Wigner functions is derived including spin-orbit coupling, electric and magnetic fields, and self-consistent Hartree mean fields suited for SU(2) transport. The interactions are assumed to be with scalar and magnetic impurities as well as scalar and spin-flip potentials among the particles. The spin-orbit interaction is used in a form suitable for solid state physics with Rashba or Dresselhaus coupling, graphene, extrinsic spin-orbit coupling, and effective nuclear matter coupling. The deficiencies of the two-fluid model are worked out consisting of the appearance of an effective in-medium spin precession. The stationary solution of all these systems shows a band splitting controlled by an effective medium-dependent Zeeman field. The self-consistent precession direction is discussed and a cancellation of linear spin-orbit coupling at zero temperature is reported. The precession of spin around this effective direction caused by spin-orbit coupling leads to anomalous charge and spin currents in an electric field. Anomalous Hall conductivity is shown to consist of the known results obtained from the Kubo formula or Berry phases and a symmetric part interpreted as an inverse Hall effect. Analogously the spin-Hall and inverse spin-Hall effects of spin currents are discussed which are present even without magnetic fields showing a spin accumulation triggered by currents. The analytical dynamical expressions for zero temperature are derived and discussed in dependence on the magnetic field and effective magnetizations. The anomalous Hall and spin-Hall effect changes sign at higher than a critical frequency dependent on the relaxation time.
Chargeless spin current for switching and coupling of domain walls in magnetic nanowires
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jia, C.L. [Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of MOE, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Institut für Physik, Martin-Luther Universität Halle–Wittenberg, 06099 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Berakdar, J., E-mail: jamal.berakdar@physik.uni-halle.de [Institut für Physik, Martin-Luther Universität Halle–Wittenberg, 06099 Halle (Saale) (Germany)
2015-02-06
Highlights: • Pure spin current traversing a magnetic quantum wire scatters efficiently from magnetic textures in the wire. • Pure spin current may transfer spin angular momentum while scattering from domain walls triggering a domain wall dynamics. • Two nearby domain walls can be coupled controllably via spin current scattering. • The coupling results in emergent magnetoelectric properties of the formed structures. - Abstract: We study theoretically the effect of a pure spin current in a quantum wire on magnetic domain walls (DWs). We find that a pure spin current acts on DWs with an effective spin-transfer torque that depends on the mutual DWs separation which results in picosecond magnetization dynamics. Spin-dependent interferences due to spin-current scattering from DWs result in a spin-orbital interaction of the carriers whose strength is determined by the orientations and the spatial separation of DWs. This amounts to an effective dynamical magnetoelectric coupling.
Near-Earth asteroid satellite spins under spin-orbit coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Naidu, Shantanu P.; Margot, Jean-Luc [Department of Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)
2015-02-01
We develop a fourth-order numerical integrator to simulate the coupled spin and orbital motions of two rigid bodies having arbitrary mass distributions under the influence of their mutual gravitational potential. We simulate the dynamics of components in well-characterized binary and triple near-Earth asteroid systems and use surface of section plots to map the possible spin configurations of the satellites. For asynchronous satellites, the analysis reveals large regions of phase space where the spin state of the satellite is chaotic. For synchronous satellites, we show that libration amplitudes can reach detectable values even for moderately elongated shapes. The presence of chaotic regions in the phase space has important consequences for the evolution of binary asteroids. It may substantially increase spin synchronization timescales, explain the observed fraction of asychronous binaries, delay BYORP-type evolution, and extend the lifetime of binaries. The variations in spin rate due to large librations also affect the analysis and interpretation of light curve and radar observations.
Theory of Intrinsic Spin Torque Due to Interface Spin-Orbit Coupling
Kalitsov, Alan; Chshiev, Mairbek; Butler, William; Mryasov, Oleg
2014-03-01
The effect of intrinsic spin torque due to spin-orbit coupling (SOC) at the interface between thin ferromagnetic film and non-magnetic metal has attracted significant fundamental and applied research interest. We report quantum theory of SOC driven spin torque (SOT) within the Rashba model of SOC and two-band tight binding (TB) Hamiltonian including s-d exchange interactions (J). We employ the non-equilibrium Green Function formalism and find that SOT to the first order in SOC has symmetry consistent with the earlier quasi-classical diffusive theory. An obvious benefit of the proposed approach is the expression for the SOT given in terms of TB parameters which enables a physically transparent analysis of the dependencies of SOT on material specific parameters such as Rashba SOC constant, hopping integral, Fermi level and J. On the basis of analytical and numerical results we discuss trends in strength of SOT and its correlation with the Spin Hall conductivity. This work was supported in part by C-SPIN, STARnet, a Semiconductor Research Corporation program, sponsored by MARCO and DARPA.
Sun, Dali; van Schooten, Kipp J; Kavand, Marzieh; Malissa, Hans; Zhang, Chuang; Groesbeck, Matthew; Boehme, Christoph; Valy Vardeny, Z
2016-08-01
Exploration of spin currents in organic semiconductors (OSECs) induced by resonant microwave absorption in ferromagnetic substrates is appealing for potential spintronics applications. Owing to the inherently weak spin-orbit coupling (SOC) of OSECs, their inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) response is very subtle; limited by the microwave power applicable under continuous-wave (cw) excitation. Here we introduce a novel approach for generating significant ISHE signals in OSECs using pulsed ferromagnetic resonance, where the ISHE is two to three orders of magnitude larger compared to cw excitation. This strong ISHE enables us to investigate a variety of OSECs ranging from π-conjugated polymers with strong SOC that contain intrachain platinum atoms, to weak SOC polymers, to C60 films, where the SOC is predominantly caused by the curvature of the molecule's surface. The pulsed-ISHE technique offers a robust route for efficient injection and detection schemes of spin currents at room temperature, and paves the way for spin orbitronics in plastic materials. PMID:27088233
Sun, Dali; van Schooten, Kipp J.; Kavand, Marzieh; Malissa, Hans; Zhang, Chuang; Groesbeck, Matthew; Boehme, Christoph; Valy Vardeny, Z.
2016-08-01
Exploration of spin currents in organic semiconductors (OSECs) induced by resonant microwave absorption in ferromagnetic substrates is appealing for potential spintronics applications. Owing to the inherently weak spin-orbit coupling (SOC) of OSECs, their inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) response is very subtle; limited by the microwave power applicable under continuous-wave (cw) excitation. Here we introduce a novel approach for generating significant ISHE signals in OSECs using pulsed ferromagnetic resonance, where the ISHE is two to three orders of magnitude larger compared to cw excitation. This strong ISHE enables us to investigate a variety of OSECs ranging from π-conjugated polymers with strong SOC that contain intrachain platinum atoms, to weak SOC polymers, to C60 films, where the SOC is predominantly caused by the curvature of the molecule’s surface. The pulsed-ISHE technique offers a robust route for efficient injection and detection schemes of spin currents at room temperature, and paves the way for spin orbitronics in plastic materials.
Synthetic Spin-Orbit Coupling in an Optical Lattice Clock
Wall, Michael L.; Koller, Andrew P.; Li, Shuming; Zhang, Xibo; Cooper, Nigel R.; Ye, Jun; Rey, Ana Maria
2016-01-01
We propose the use of optical lattice clocks operated with fermionic alkaline-earth atoms to study spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in interacting many-body systems. The SOC emerges naturally during the clock interrogation, when atoms are allowed to tunnel and accumulate a phase set by the ratio of the "magic" lattice wavelength to the clock transition wavelength. We demonstrate how standard protocols such as Rabi and Ramsey spectroscopy that take advantage of the sub-Hertz resolution of state-of-the-art clock lasers can perform momentum-resolved band tomography and determine SOC-induced s -wave collisions in nuclear-spin-polarized fermions. With the use of a second counterpropagating clock beam, we propose a method for engineering controlled atomic transport and study how it is modified by p - and s -wave interactions. The proposed spectroscopic probes provide clean and well-resolved signatures at current clock operating temperatures.
Coupled spin models for magnetic variation of planets and stars
Nakamichi, A; Schmitt, D; Ferriz-Mas, A; Wicht, J; Morikawa, M
2011-01-01
Geomagnetism is characterized by intermittent polarity reversals and rapid fluctuations. We have recently proposed a coupled macro-spin model to describe these dynamics based on the idea that the whole dynamo mechanism is described by the coherent interactions of many small dynamo elements. In this paper, we further develop this idea and construct a minimal model for magnetic variations. This simple model naturally yields many of the observed features of geomagnetism: its time evolution, the power spectrum, the frequency distribution of stable polarity periods, etc. This model has coexistent two phases; i.e. the cluster phase which determines the global dipole magnetic moment and the expanded phase which gives random perpetual perturbations that yield intermittent polarity flip of the dipole moment. This model can also describe the synchronization of the spin oscillation. This corresponds to the case of sun and the model well describes the quasi-regular cycles of the solar magnetism. Furthermore, by analyzing...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LING Dong-Bo; XIA Ke; LI Ding-Ping; MA Zhong-shui
2006-01-01
The distributions of spin and currents modulated by magnetic field in a transverse parabolic confined two-dimensional electronic system with a Rashba spin-orbit coupling have been studied numerically.It is shown that the spin accumulation and the spin related current are generated by magnetic field if the spln-orbit coupnng is presented.The distributions of charge and spin currents are antisymmetrical along the cross-section of confined system.A transversely applied electric field does not influence the characteristic behaviour of charge-and spin-dependent properties.
Cavity Optomagnonics with Spin-Orbit Coupled Photons
Osada, A.; Hisatomi, R.; Noguchi, A.; Tabuchi, Y.; Yamazaki, R.; Usami, K.; Sadgrove, M.; Yalla, R.; Nomura, M.; Nakamura, Y.
2016-06-01
We experimentally implement a system of cavity optomagnonics, where a sphere of ferromagnetic material supports whispering gallery modes (WGMs) for photons and the magnetostatic mode for magnons. We observe pronounced nonreciprocity and asymmetry in the sideband signals generated by the magnon-induced Brillouin scattering of light. The spin-orbit coupled nature of the WGM photons, their geometrical birefringence, and the time-reversal symmetry breaking in the magnon dynamics impose the angular-momentum selection rules in the scattering process and account for the observed phenomena. The unique features of the system may find interesting applications at the crossroad between quantum optics and spintronics.
Cavity Optomagnonics with Spin-Orbit Coupled Photons.
Osada, A; Hisatomi, R; Noguchi, A; Tabuchi, Y; Yamazaki, R; Usami, K; Sadgrove, M; Yalla, R; Nomura, M; Nakamura, Y
2016-06-01
We experimentally implement a system of cavity optomagnonics, where a sphere of ferromagnetic material supports whispering gallery modes (WGMs) for photons and the magnetostatic mode for magnons. We observe pronounced nonreciprocity and asymmetry in the sideband signals generated by the magnon-induced Brillouin scattering of light. The spin-orbit coupled nature of the WGM photons, their geometrical birefringence, and the time-reversal symmetry breaking in the magnon dynamics impose the angular-momentum selection rules in the scattering process and account for the observed phenomena. The unique features of the system may find interesting applications at the crossroad between quantum optics and spintronics. PMID:27314717
Spin-orbit coupling a recursion method approach
Huda, A U; Mookerjee, A; Paudyal, D
2003-01-01
Relativistic effects play a significant role in alloys of the heavier elements. The majority of earlier works on alloys had included the scalar relativistic corrections. We present here a methodology to take into account the spin-orbit coupling using the recursion method. The basis used for the representation of the Hamiltonian is the TB-LMTO, since its sparseness is an essential requirement for recursion. The recursion technique can then be extended to augmented space to deal with disordered alloys or rough surfaces.
Cavity optomagnonics with spin-orbit coupled photons
Osada, A; Noguchi, A; Tabuchi, Y; Yamazaki, R; Usami, K; Sadgrove, M; Yalla, R; Nomura, M; Nakamura, Y
2015-01-01
We experimentally implement a system of cavity optomagnonics, where a sphere of ferromagnetic material supports whispering gallery modes (WGMs) for photons and the magnetostatic mode for magnons. We observe pronounced nonreciprocity and asymmetry in the sideband signals generated by the magnon-induced Brillouin scattering of light. The spin-orbit coupled nature of the WGM photons, their geometric birefringence and the time-reversal symmetry breaking in the magnon dynamics impose the angular-momentum selection rules in the scattering process and account for the observed phenomena. The unique features of the system may find interesting applications at the crossroad between quantum optics and spintronics.
Gate tunable spin transport in graphene with Rashba spin-orbit coupling
Tan, Xiao-Dong; Liao, Xiao-Ping; Sun, Litao
2016-10-01
Recently, it attracts much attention to study spin-resolved transport properties in graphene with Rashba spin-orbit coupling (RSOC). One remarkable finding is that Klein tunneling in single layer graphene (SLG) with RSOC (SLG + R for short below) behaves as in bi-layer graphene (BLG). Based on the effective Dirac theory, we reconsider this tunneling problem and derive the analytical solution for the transmission coefficients. Our result shows that Klein tunneling in SLG + R and BLG exhibits completely different behaviors. More importantly, we find two new transmission selection rules in SLG + R, i.e., the single band to single band (S → S) and the single band to multiple bands (S → M) transmission regimes, which strongly depend on the relative height among Fermi level, RSOC, and potential barrier. Interestingly, in the S → S transmission regime, only normally incident electrons have capacity to pass through the barrier, while in the S → M transmission regime the angle-dependent tunneling becomes very prominent. Using the transmission coefficients, we also derive spin-resolved conductance analytically, and conductance oscillation with the increasing barrier height and zero conductance gap are found in SLG + R. The present study offers new insights and opportunities for developing graphene-based spin devices.
Quantum spin dynamics in a spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate
Poon, Ting Fung Jeffrey; Liu, Xiong-Jun
2016-06-01
Spin-orbit-coupled bosons can exhibit rich equilibrium phases at low temperature and in the presence of particle-particle interactions. In the case with a 1D synthetic spin-orbit interaction, it has been observed that the ground state of a Bose gas can be a normal phase, stripe phase, or magnetized phase in different parameter regimes. The magnetized states are doubly degenerate and consist of a many-particle two-state system. In this work, we investigate the nonequilibrium quantum dynamics by switching on a simple one-dimensional optical lattice potential as external perturbation to induce resonant couplings between the magnetized phases, and predict a quantum spin dynamics which cannot be obtained in the single-particle systems. In particular, due to particle-particle interactions, the transition of the Bose condensate from one magnetized phase to the other is forbidden when the external perturbation strength is less than a critical value, and a full transition can occur only when the perturbation exceeds such critical strength. This phenomenon manifests itself a dynamical phase transition, with the order parameter defined by the time-averaged magnetization over an oscillation period, and the critical point behavior being exactly solvable. The thermal fluctuations are also considered in detail. From numerical simulations and exact analytic studies we show that the predicted many-body effects can be well observed with the current experiments.
Adiabatic momentum space treatment of a spin-orbit coupled BEC
Wang, Su-Ju; Greene, Chris
2013-05-01
By dressing the atomic spin states with Raman laser fields, experimentalists can create spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) by tuning controllable parameters in an ultracold atomic system. In the presence of spin-orbit coupling, we study the spin dynamics of a harmonically-trapped spinor BEC that can be driven by non-adiabatic Landau-Zener transitions occurring at avoided crossings between the bands.
Quantum transport of Dirac fermions in graphene with a spatially varying Rashba spin-orbit coupling
Razzaghi, Leila; Hosseini, Mir Vahid
2015-08-01
We theoretically study electronic transport through a region with inhomogeneous Rashba spin-orbit (RSO) coupling placed between two normal regions in a monolayer graphene. The inhomogeneous RSO region is characterized by linearly varying RSO strength within its borders and constant RSO strength in the central region. We calculate the transmission properties within the transfer matrix approach. It is shown that the amplitude of conductance oscillations reduces and at the same time the magnitude of conductance increases with increasing border thickness. We also investigate how the Fano factor can be modified by the border thickness of RSO region.
Relativistic Force Field: Parametrization of (13)C-(1)H Nuclear Spin-Spin Coupling Constants.
Kutateladze, Andrei G; Mukhina, Olga A
2015-11-01
Previously, we reported a reliable DU8 method for natural bond orbital (NBO)-aided parametric scaling of Fermi contacts to achieve fast and accurate prediction of proton-proton spin-spin coupling constants (SSCC) in (1)H NMR. As sophisticated NMR experiments for precise measurements of carbon-proton SSCCs are becoming more user-friendly and broadly utilized by the organic chemistry community to guide and inform the process of structure determination of complex organic compounds, we have now developed a fast and accurate method for computing (13)C-(1)H SSCCs. Fermi contacts computed with the DU8 basis set are scaled using selected NBO parameters in conjunction with empirical scaling coefficients. The method is optimized for inexpensive B3LYP/6-31G(d) geometries. The parametric scaling is based on a carefully selected training set of 274 ((3)J), 193 ((2)J), and 143 ((1)J) experimental (13)C-(1)H spin-spin coupling constants reported in the literature. The DU8 basis set, optimized for computing Fermi contacts, which by design had evolved from optimization of a collection of inexpensive 3-21G*, 4-21G, and 6-31G(d) bases, offers very short computational (wall) times even for relatively large organic molecules containing 15-20 carbon atoms. The most informative SSCCs for structure determination, i.e., (3)J, were computed with an accuracy of 0.41 Hz (rmsd). The new unified approach for computing (1)H-(1)H and (13)C-(1)H SSCCs is termed "DU8c".
Relativistic Force Field: Parametrization of (13)C-(1)H Nuclear Spin-Spin Coupling Constants.
Kutateladze, Andrei G; Mukhina, Olga A
2015-11-01
Previously, we reported a reliable DU8 method for natural bond orbital (NBO)-aided parametric scaling of Fermi contacts to achieve fast and accurate prediction of proton-proton spin-spin coupling constants (SSCC) in (1)H NMR. As sophisticated NMR experiments for precise measurements of carbon-proton SSCCs are becoming more user-friendly and broadly utilized by the organic chemistry community to guide and inform the process of structure determination of complex organic compounds, we have now developed a fast and accurate method for computing (13)C-(1)H SSCCs. Fermi contacts computed with the DU8 basis set are scaled using selected NBO parameters in conjunction with empirical scaling coefficients. The method is optimized for inexpensive B3LYP/6-31G(d) geometries. The parametric scaling is based on a carefully selected training set of 274 ((3)J), 193 ((2)J), and 143 ((1)J) experimental (13)C-(1)H spin-spin coupling constants reported in the literature. The DU8 basis set, optimized for computing Fermi contacts, which by design had evolved from optimization of a collection of inexpensive 3-21G*, 4-21G, and 6-31G(d) bases, offers very short computational (wall) times even for relatively large organic molecules containing 15-20 carbon atoms. The most informative SSCCs for structure determination, i.e., (3)J, were computed with an accuracy of 0.41 Hz (rmsd). The new unified approach for computing (1)H-(1)H and (13)C-(1)H SSCCs is termed "DU8c". PMID:26414291
Coffey, David; Diez-Ferrer, José Luis; Serrate, David; Ciria, Miguel; de la Fuente, César; Arnaudas, José Ignacio
2015-01-01
High-density magnetic storage or quantum computing could be achieved using small magnets with large magnetic anisotropy, a requirement that rare-earth iron alloys fulfill in bulk. This compelling property demands a thorough investigation of the magnetism in low dimensional rare-earth iron structures. Here, we report on the magnetic coupling between 4f single atoms and a 3d magnetic nanoisland. Thulium and lutetium adatoms deposited on iron monolayer islands pseudomorphically grown on W(110) have been investigated at low temperature with scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. The spin-polarized current indicates that both kind of adatoms have in-plane magnetic moments, which couple antiferromagnetically with their underlying iron islands. Our first-principles calculations explain the observed behavior, predicting an antiparallel coupling of the induced 5d electrons magnetic moment of the lanthanides with the 3d magnetic moment of iron, as well as their in-plane orientation, and pointing to a non-contribution of 4f electrons to the spin-polarized tunneling processes in rare earths. PMID:26333417
Zhang, Hao; Zhang, Guang-Ming; Yu, Lu
2009-04-15
A correct general formula for the spin current through an interacting quantum dot coupled to ferromagnetic leads with magnetization at an arbitrary angle θ is derived within the framework of the Keldysh formalism. Under asymmetric conditions, the spin current component J(z) may change sign for 0spin current and spin tunneling magnetoresistance exhibit different angle dependence in the free and Coulomb blockade regimes. In the latter case, the competition of the spin precession and the spin-valve effect could lead to an anomaly in the angle dependence of the spin current. PMID:21825366
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
FU Xi; ZHOU Guang-Hui
2009-01-01
We investigate theoretically the spin current in a quantum wire with weak Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling connected to two normal conductors.Both the quantum wire and conductors are described by a hard-wall confining potential.Using the electron wave-functions in the quantum wire and a new definition of spin current, we have calculated the elements of linear spin current density jTs,xi and jTs,yi(I = x, y, z).We lind that the elements jTs,xx and jTs,yy have a antisymmetrical relation and the element jTs,yz has the same amount level jTs,xx and jTs,yy.We also find a net linear spin current density, which has peaks at the center of quantum wire.The net linear spin current can induce a linear electric field, which may imply a way of spin current detection.
Engineering an atom-interferometer with modulated light-induced $3 \\pi$ spin-orbit coupling
Olson, Abraham J; Blasing, David B; Niffenegger, Robert J; Chen, Yong P
2015-01-01
We have developed an experimental method to modify the single-particle dispersion using periodic modulation of Raman beams which couple two spin-states of an ultracold atomic gas. The modulation introduces a new coupling between Raman-induced spin-orbit-coupled dressed bands, creating a second generation of dressed-state eigenlevels that feature both a novel 3{\\pi} spin-orbit coupling and a pair of avoided crossings, which is used to realize an atomic interferometer. The spin polarization and energies of these eigenlevels are characterized by studying the transport of a Bose-Einstein condensate in this system, including observing a Stueckelberg interference.
The Kondo temperature of a two-dimensional electron gas with Rashba spin-orbit coupling.
Chen, Liang; Sun, Jinhua; Tang, Ho-Kin; Lin, Hai-Qing
2016-10-01
We use the Hirsch-Fye quantum Monte Carlo method to study the single magnetic impurity problem in a two-dimensional electron gas with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. We calculate the spin susceptibility for various values of spin-orbit coupling, Hubbard interaction, and chemical potential. The Kondo temperatures for different parameters are estimated by fitting the universal curves of spin susceptibility. We find that the Kondo temperature is almost a linear function of Rashba spin-orbit energy when the chemical potential is close to the edge of the conduction band. When the chemical potential is far away from the band edge, the Kondo temperature is independent of the spin-orbit coupling. These results demonstrate that, for single impurity problems in this system, the most important reason to change the Kondo temperature is the divergence of density of states near the band edge, and the divergence is induced by the Rashba spin-orbit coupling. PMID:27494800
Band structures of carbon nanotube with spin-orbit coupling interaction
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Liu Hong, E-mail: liuhong3@njnu.edu.c [Physics Department, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046 (China)
2011-01-01
We explore the band structures of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) with two types of spin-orbit couplings. The obtained results indicate that weak Rashba spin-orbit coupling interaction can lead to the breaking of four-fold degeneracy in all tubes even though without the intrinsic SO coupling. The asymmetric splitting between conduction bands and valence bands is caused by both SO couplings at the same time. When the ratio of Rashba spin-orbit coupling to the intrinsic spin-orbit coupling is larger than 3, metallic zigzag nanotube is always metallic conductor, on the contrary it becomes semiconducting properties. However, only when this ratio is equal to about 3 or the intrinsic spin-orbit coupling is much weak, the metallic armchair nanotube still holds the metallic behavior in transport.
A new effective-one-body Hamiltonian with next-to-leading order spin-spin coupling
Balmelli, Simone
2015-01-01
We present a new effective-one-body (EOB) Hamiltonian with next-to-leading order (NLO) spin-spin coupling for black hole binaries endowed with arbitrarily oriented spins. The Hamiltonian is based on the model for parallel spins and equatorial orbits developed in [Physical Review D 90, 044018 (2014)], but differs from it in several ways. In particular, the NLO spin-spin coupling is not incorporated by a redefinition of the centrifugal radius $r_c$, but by separately modifying certain sectors of the Hamiltonian, which are identified according to their dependence on the momentum vector. The gauge-fixing procedure we follow allows us to reduce the 25 different terms of the NLO spin-spin Hamiltonian in Arnowitt-Deser-Misner coordinates to only 9 EOB terms. This is an improvement with respect to the EOB model recently proposed in [Physical Review D 91, 064011 (2015)], where 12 EOB terms were involved. Another important advantage is the remarkably simple momentum structure of the spin-spin terms in the effective Ham...
Dynamics of two coupled semiconductor spin qubits in a noisy environment
Das Sarma, S.; Throckmorton, Robert E.; Wu, Yang-Le
2016-07-01
We theoretically consider the temporal dynamics of two coupled spin qubits (e.g., semiconductor quantum dots) driven by the interqubit spin-spin coupling. The presence of environmental noise (e.g., charge traps, nuclear spins, random magnetic impurities) is accounted for by including random magnetic field and random interqubit coupling terms in the Hamiltonian. Both Heisenberg coupling and Ising coupling between the spin qubits are considered, corresponding respectively to exchange and capacitive gates as appropriate for single spin and singlet-triplet semiconductor qubit systems, respectively. Both exchange (Heisenberg) and capacitive (Ising) coupling situations can be solved numerically exactly even in the presence of noise, leading to the key findings that (i) the steady-state return probability to the initial state remains close to unity in the presence of strong noise for many, but not all, starting spin configurations, and (ii) the return probability as a function of time is oscillatory with a characteristic noise-controlled decay toward the steady-state value. We also provide results for the magnetization dynamics of the coupled two-qubit system. Our predicted dynamics can be directly tested in the already existing semiconductor spin qubit setups providing insight into their coherent interaction dynamics. Retention of the initial state spin memory even in the presence of strong environmental noise has important implications for quantum computation using spin qubits.
Structured Weyl Points in Spin-Orbit Coupled Fermionic Superfluids.
Xu, Yong; Zhang, Fan; Zhang, Chuanwei
2015-12-31
We demonstrate that a Weyl point, widely examined in 3D Weyl semimetals and superfluids, can develop a pair of nondegenerate gapless spheres. Such a bouquet of two spheres is characterized by three distinct topological invariants of manifolds with full energy gaps, i.e., the Chern number of a 0D point inside one developed sphere, the winding number of a 1D loop around the original Weyl point, and the Chern number of a 2D surface enclosing the whole bouquet. We show that such structured Weyl points can be realized in the superfluid quasiparticle spectrum of a 3D degenerate Fermi gas subject to spin-orbit couplings and Zeeman fields, which supports Fulde-Ferrell superfluids as the ground state. PMID:26765002
Nonlinear localized flatband modes with spin-orbit coupling
Gligorić, G; Hadžievski, Lj; Flach, S; Malomed, B
2016-01-01
We report the coexistence and properties of stable compact localized states (CLSs) and discrete solitons (DSs) for nonlinear spinor waves on a flatband network with spin-orbit coupling (SOC). The system can be implemented by means of a binary Bose-Einstein condensate loaded in the corresponding optical lattice. In the linear limit, the SOC opens a minigap between flat and dispersive bands in the system's bandgap structure, and preserves the existence of CLSs at the flatband frequency, simultaneously lowering their symmetry. Adding onsite cubic nonlinearity, the CLSs persist and remain available in an exact analytical form, with frequencies which are smoothly tuned into the minigap. Inside of the minigap, the CLS and DS families are stable in narrow areas adjacent to the FB. Deep inside the semi-infinite gap, both the CLSs and DSs are stable too.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate a hybrid quantum system where an individual electronic spin qubit (EQ) and a transmission line resonator (TLR) are connected by a nanomechanical resonator (NAMR). We analyze the possibility of realizing a strong coupling between the EQ and the TLR. Compared with a direct coupling between an EQ and a TLR, the achieved coupling can be stronger and controllable. The proposal might be used to implement a high-fidelity quantum state transfer between the spin qubit and the TLR, and is scalable to involve several individual EQ-NAMR coupled systems with a TLR. -- Highlights: ► Strong coupling of a spin qubit to a transmission line resonator is achieved. ► The coupling is mediated by a nanomechanical resonator. ► The coupling is controllable and stronger than the direct spin-resonator coupling.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ye Cheng-Zhi; Nie Yi-Hang; Liang Jiu-Qing
2011-01-01
We propose a four-terminal device consisting of two parallel quantum dots with Rashba spin-orbit interaction (RSOI),coupled to two side superconductor leads and two common ferromagnetic leads,respectively.The two ferromagnetic leads and two quantum dots form a ring threaded by Aharonov-Bohm (AB) flux.This device possesses normal quasiparticle transmission between the two ferromagnetic leads,and normal and crossed Andreev reflections providing conductive holes.For the appropriate spin polarization of the ferromagnetic leads,RSO1 and AB flux,the pure spin-up (or spin-down) current without net charge current in the right lead,which is due to the equal numbers of electrons and holes with the same spin-polarization moving along the same direction,can be obtained by adjusting the gate voltage,which may be used in practice as a pure spin-current injector.
Jamali, Mahdi; Lee, Joon Sue; Jeong, Jong Seok; Mahfouzi, Farzad; Lv, Yang; Zhao, Zhengyang; Nikolić, Branislav K; Mkhoyan, K Andre; Samarth, Nitin; Wang, Jian-Ping
2015-10-14
Three-dimensional (3D) topological insulators are known for their strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and the existence of spin-textured surface states that might be potentially exploited for "topological spintronics." Here, we use spin pumping and the inverse spin Hall effect to demonstrate successful spin injection at room temperature from a metallic ferromagnet (CoFeB) into the prototypical 3D topological insulator Bi2Se3. The spin pumping process, driven by the magnetization dynamics of the metallic ferromagnet, introduces a spin current into the topological insulator layer, resulting in a broadening of the ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) line width. Theoretical modeling of spin pumping through the surface of Bi2Se3, as well as of the measured angular dependence of spin-charge conversion signal, suggests that pumped spin current is first greatly enhanced by the surface SOC and then converted into a dc-voltage signal primarily by the inverse spin Hall effect due to SOC of the bulk of Bi2Se3. We find that the FMR line width broadens significantly (more than a factor of 5) and we deduce a spin Hall angle as large as 0.43 in the Bi2Se3 layer. PMID:26367103
Valence Band Splitting on Multilayer MoS2: Mixing of Spin-Orbit Coupling and Interlayer Coupling.
Fan, Xiaofeng; Singh, David J; Zheng, Weitao
2016-06-16
Understanding the origin of valence band splitting is important because it governs the unique spin and valley physics in few-layer MoS2. We explore the effects of spin-orbit coupling and interlayer coupling on few-layer MoS2 using first-principles methods. We find spin-orbit coupling has a major contribution to the valence band splitting at K in multilayer MoS2. In double-layer MoS2, the interlayer coupling leads to the widening of the gap between the already spin-orbit split states. This is also the case for the bands of the K-point in bulk MoS2. In triple-layer MoS2, the strength of interlayer coupling of the spin-up channel becomes different from that of spin-down at K. This combined with spin-orbit coupling results in the band splitting in two main valence bands at K. With the increase of pressure, this phenomenon becomes more obvious with a decrease of main energy gap in the splitting valence bands at the K valley. PMID:27225320
Sensitively Temperature-Dependent Spin Orbit Coupling in SrIrO3 Thin Films
Zhang, Lunyong; Chen, Y. B.; Zhou, Jian; Zhang, Shan-Tao; Gu, Zheng-Bin; Yao, Shu-Hua; Chen, Yan-Feng
2013-01-01
Spin orbit coupling plays a non-perturbation effect in many recently developed novel fields including topological insulators and spin-orbit assistant Mott insulators. In this paper, strongly temperature-dependent spin orbit coupling, revealed by weak anti-localization, is observed at low temperature in 5d strongly correlated compound, SrIrO3. As the temperature rising, increase rate of Rashba coefficient is nearly 30%-45%/K. The increase is nearly 100 times over that observed in semiconductor...
Thermal conductivity of magnetic insulators with strong spin-orbit coupling
Stamokostas, Georgios; Lapas, Panteleimon; Fiete, Gregory A.
We study the influence of spin-orbit coupling on the thermal conductivity of various types of magnetic insulators. In the absence of spin-orbit coupling and orbital-degeneracy, the strong-coupling limit of Hubbard interactions at half filling can often be adequately described in terms of a pure spin Hamiltonian of the Heisenberg form. However, in the presence of spin-orbit coupling the resulting exchange interaction can become highly anisotropic. The effect of the atomic spin-orbit coupling, taken into account through the effect of magnon-phonon interactions and the magnetic order and excitations, on the lattice thermal conductivity of various insulating magnetic systems is studied. We focus on the regime of low temperatures where the dominant source of scattering is two-magnon scattering to one-phonon processes. The thermal current is calculated within the Boltzmann transport theory. We are grateful for financial support from NSF Grant DMR-0955778.
Chen, Tsung-Wei; Huang, Chih-Meng; Guo, G. Y.
2006-01-01
We study theoretically the spin and orbital angular momentum (OAM) Hall effect in a high mobility two-dimensional electron system with Rashba and Dresselhuas spin-orbit coupling by introducing both the spin and OAM torque corrections, respectively, to the spin and OAM currents. We find that when both bands are occupied, the spin Hall conductivity is still a constant (i.e., independent of the carrier density) which, however, has an opposite sign to the previous value. The spin Hall conductivit...
Spin-star environment assisted entanglement generation in weakly coupled bipartite systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the entanglement evolution in a weakly coupled bipartite system with a large energy level difference under the influence of spin-star environments. The subsystems can be coupled to a pure state or a thermal equilibrium state spin-star environment. Our results show that, in the case of the coupling strength being less than the energy level difference of the subsystems (weakly coupled), the spin-star environment can always be used to assist the entanglement generation of the bipartite system. (general)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XIONG Jian-Wen; HU Liang-Bin; ZHANG Zhen-Xi
2006-01-01
@@ Based on the Heisenberg equations of motion for the electron orbital and spin degrees of freedom in two-dimensional electronic systems with both Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit couplings, we show that an ac electric field can cause an ac spin Hall current in such a system. In contrast to some previous theoretical prediction, the spin Hall current will be suppressed completely in the dc limit. We argue that the suppression of dc spin Hall currents in such a system is actually a much natural result of the dynamic spin evolution due to the combined action of a dc external electric field and the intrinsic spin-orbit coupling.
Yue, Z.; Prestgard, M. C.; Tiwari, A.; Raikh, M. E.
2016-01-01
We study theoretically the effective spin Hall properties of a composite consisting of two materials with and without spin-orbit (SO) coupling. In particular, we assume that SO material represents a system of grains in a matrix with no SO. We calculate the effective spin Hall angle and the effective spin diffusion length of the mixture. Our main qualitative finding is that, when the bare spin diffusion length is much smaller than the radius of the grain, the effective spin diffusion length is strongly enhanced, well beyond the "geometrical" factor. The physical origin of this additional enhancement is that, with small diffusion length, the spin current mostly flows around the grain without suffering much loss. We also demonstrate that the voltage, created by a spin current, is sensitive to a very weak magnetic field directed along the spin current, and even reverses sign in a certain domain of fields. The origin of this sensitivity is that the spin precession, caused by magnetic field, takes place outside the grains where SO is absent.
Experimental investigation of spin-orbit coupling in n-type PbTe quantum wells
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Peres, M. L.; Monteiro, H. S.; Castro, S. de [Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Federal University of Itajubá, PB 50, 37500-903 Itajubá, MG (Brazil); Chitta, V. A.; Oliveira, N. F. [Institute of Physics, University of São Paulo, PB 66318, 05315-970 São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Mengui, U. A.; Rappl, P. H. O.; Abramof, E. [Laboratório Associado de Sensores e Materiais, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, PB 515, 12201-970 São José dos Campos, SP (Brazil); Maude, D. K. [Grenoble High Magnetic Field Laboratory, CNRS, BP 166, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)
2014-03-07
The spin-orbit coupling is studied experimentally in two PbTe quantum wells by means of weak antilocalization effect. Using the Hikami-Larkin-Nagaoka model through a computational global optimization procedure, we extracted the spin-orbit and inelastic scattering times and estimated the strength of the zero field spin-splitting energy Δ{sub so}. The values of Δ{sub so} are linearly dependent on the Fermi wave vector (k{sub F}) confirming theoretical predictions of the existence of large spin-orbit coupling in IV-VI quantum wells originated from pure Rashba effect.
Sizeable Kane-Mele-like spin orbit coupling in graphene decorated with iridium clusters
Qin, Yuyuan; Wang, Siqi; Wang, Rui; Bu, Haijun; Wang, Xuefeng; Wang, Xinran; Song, Fengqi; Wang, Baigeng; Wang, Guanghou
2016-05-01
The spin-orbit coupling strength of graphene can be enhanced by depositing iridium nanoclusters. Weak localization is intensely suppressed near zero fields after the cluster deposition, rather than changing to weak anti-localization. Fitting the magnetoresistance gives the spin relaxation time, which increases by two orders with the application of a back gate. The spin relaxation time is found to be proportional to the electronic elastic scattering time, demonstrating the Elliot-Yafet spin relaxation mechanism. A sizeable Kane-Mele-like coupling strength of over 5.5 meV is determined by extrapolating the temperature dependence to zero.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
In this paper,we investigate the controllability of spin 1 systems and the realization of ternary gates.Using dipole and quadrupole operators as the orthogonal basis of su(3) algebra,we discuss the controllability of one spin 1 systems and offer the concept of a complete set of control operators first.Then we present the controllability of two spin 1 systems coupled with Ising interaction and the transforming relations of the drift process of the system.Finally the specific realization of the ternary SWAP gate in these systems is discussed.It takes 9 drift processes and 25 basic control processes.
Luenser, Arne; Kussmann, Jörg; Ochsenfeld, Christian
2016-09-01
We present a (sub)linear-scaling algorithm to determine indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants at the Hartree-Fock and Kohn-Sham density functional levels of theory. Employing efficient integral algorithms and sparse algebra routines, an overall (sub)linear scaling behavior can be obtained for systems with a non-vanishing HOMO-LUMO gap. Calculations on systems with over 1000 atoms and 20 000 basis functions illustrate the performance and accuracy of our reference implementation. Specifically, we demonstrate that linear algebra dominates the runtime of conventional algorithms for 10 000 basis functions and above. Attainable speedups of our method exceed 6 × in total runtime and 10 × in the linear algebra steps for the tested systems. Furthermore, a convergence study of spin-spin couplings of an aminopyrazole peptide upon inclusion of the water environment is presented: using the new method it is shown that large solvent spheres are necessary to converge spin-spin coupling values.
Plasmon Decay and Thermal Transport from Spin-Charge Coupling in Generic Luttinger Liquids
Levchenko, Alex
2014-11-01
We discuss the violation of spin-charge separation in generic nonlinear Luttinger liquids and investigate its effect on the relaxation and thermal transport of genuine spin-1 /2 electron liquids in ballistic quantum wires. We identify basic scattering processes compatible with the symmetry of the problem and conservation laws that lead to the decay of plasmons into the spin modes. We derive a closed set of coupled kinetic equations for the spin-charge excitations and solve the problem of thermal conductance of interacting electrons for an arbitrary relation between the quantum wire length and spin-charge thermalization length.
Spin susceptibilities in armchair graphene nanoribbons with Rashba spin–orbit coupling
Tan, Xiao-Dong; Hu, Xiaohui; Liao, Xiao-Ping; Sun, Litao
2016-08-01
Based on linear response theory, we studied the spin susceptibilities of armchair graphene nanoribbons (AGNRs) with Rashba spin–orbit coupling (RSOC) in an oscillating magnetic field. It is shown that by tuning the field frequency, RSOC or ribbon width to satisfy the resonance condition, the spins in AGNRs will be effectively magnetized at room temperature due to the electron transitions between RSOC-induced spin-split subbands. Moreover, in this process the magnitude of spin magnetization can also be flexibly manipulated by selecting different resonant frequency or RSOC. Thus, we provide a promisingly well-controlled scheme for the spin magnetization of AGNRs, which is useful for spintronics applications.
Carvalho, R. S.; Costa, D. G.; Ávila, H. C.; Paolini, T. B.; Brito, H. F.; Capaz, Rodrigo B.; Cremona, M.
2016-05-01
The recently discovered organic magnetoresistance effect (OMAR) reveals the spin-dependent behavior of the charge transport in organic semiconductors. So far, it is known that hyperfine interactions play an important role in this phenomenon and also that spin-orbit coupling is negligible for light-atom based compounds. However, in the presence of heavy atoms, spin-orbit interactions should play an important role in OMAR. It is known that these interactions are responsible for singlet and triplet states mixing via intersystem crossing and the change of spin-charge relaxation time in the charge mobility process. In this work, we report a dramatic change in the OMAR effect caused by the presence of strong intramolecular spin-orbit coupling in a series of rare-earth quinolate organic complex-based devices. Our data show a different OMAR lineshape compared with the OMAR lineshape of tris(8-hydroxyquinolinate) aluminum-based devices, which are well described in the literature. In addition, electronic structure calculations based on density functional theory help to establish the connection between this results and the presence of heavy central ions in the different complexes.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate theoretically the spin transport of a quantum wire (QW) with weak Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling (SOC) nonadiabatically connected to two normal leads. Using scattering matrix method and Landauer-Buettiker formula within effective free-electron approximation, we have calculated spin-dependent conductances G↑ and G↓, total conductance G and spin polarization Pz for a hard-wall potential confined QW. It is demonstrated that, the SOCs induce the splitting of G↑ and G↓ and form spin polarization Pz. Moreover, the conductances present quantized plateaus, the plateaus and Pz show oscillation structures near the subband edges. Furthermore, with the increase of QW width a strong spin polarization (Pz∼1) gradually becomes weak, which can be used to realize a spin filter. When the two SOCs coexist, the total conductance presents an isotropy transport due to the Rashba and Dresselhaus Hamiltonians being fixed, and the alteration of two SOCs strength ratio changes the sign of spin polarization. This may provide a way of realizing the expression of unit information by tuning gate voltage.
Magnetic and nematic phases in a Weyl type spin–orbit-coupled spin-1 Bose gas
Chen, Guanjun; Chen, Li; Zhang, Yunbo
2016-06-01
We present a variational study of the spin-1 Bose gases in a harmonic trap with three-dimensional spin–orbit (SO) coupling of Weyl type. For weak SO coupling, we treat the single-particle ground states as the form of perturbational harmonic oscillator states in the lowest total angular momentum manifold with j = 1, m j = 1, 0, ‑1. When the two-body interaction is considered, we set the trail order parameter as the superposition of three degenerate single-particle ground-states and the weight coefficients are determined by minimizing the energy functional. Two ground state phases, namely the magnetic and the nematic phases, are identified depending on the spin-independent and the spin-dependent interactions. Unlike the non-SO-coupled spin-1 Bose–Einstein condensate for which the phase boundary between the magnetic and the nematic phase lies exactly at zero spin-dependent interaction, the boundary is modified by the SO-coupling. We find the magnetic phase is featured with phase-separated density distributions, 3D skyrmion-like spin textures and competing magnetic and biaxial nematic orders, while the nematic phase is featured with miscible density distributions, zero magnetization and spatially modulated uniaxial nematic order. The emergence of higher spin order creates new opportunities for exploring spin-tensor-related physics in SO coupled superfluid.
Magnetic phase diagram of the coupled triangular spin tubes for CsCrF4
Seki, Kouichi; Okunishi, Kouichi
2015-06-01
Using Monte Carlo simulations, we explore the magnetic phase diagram of triangular spin tubes coupled with a ferromagnetic intertube interaction for CsCrF4. The planar structure of the coupled tubes is topologically equivalent to the kagome-triangular lattice, which induces nontrivial frustration effects in the system. We particularly find that, depending on the intertube coupling, various ordered phases are actually realized, such as incommensurate order, ferromagnetic order, and cuboc order, which is characterized by the noncoplanar spin structure of the 12 sublattices accompanying the spin chirality breaking. We also discuss the relevance of the results to recent experiments on CsCrF4.
Two-particle scattering on the lattice: Phase shifts, spin-orbit coupling, and mixing angles
Borasoy, Bugra; Krebs, Hermann; Lee, Dean; Meißner, Ulf-G
2007-01-01
We determine two-particle scattering phase shifts and mixing angles for quantum theories defined with lattice regularization. The method is suitable for any nonrelativistic effective theory of point particles on the lattice. In the center-of-mass frame of the two-particle system we impose a hard spherical wall at some fixed large radius. For channels without partial-wave mixing the partial-wave phase shifts are determined from the energies of the nearly-spherical standing waves. For channels with partial-wave mixing further information is extracted by decomposing the standing wave at the wall boundary into spherical harmonics, and we solve coupled-channels equations to extract the phase shifts and mixing angles. The method is illustrated and tested by computing phase shifts and mixing angles on the lattice for spin-1/2 particles with an attractive Gaussian potential containing both central and tensor force parts.
Competition between spin-orbit interaction and exchange coupling within a honeycomb lattice ribbon
Su, Yu-Hsin; Chen, Son-Hsien; Hu, C. D.; Chang, Ching-Ray
2016-01-01
Spin density patterns of a pinned magnetic impurity that is embedded in a honeycomb lattice with zigzag edges are investigated by employing a mean-field assisted Landauer-Keldysh formalism. Both the intrinsic spin-orbit coupling and the extrinsic localized magnetic moments are considered, and the effects of the pinning directions and the species of the sublattice on the electron spins are analyzed. A local time-reversal symmetry breaking cannot destroy the equilibrium edge-state spin accumulation that is induced by intrinsic spin-orbit coupling when the pinning field lies in the plane of the ribbon and the embedding position is the A-site at the edge. The induced local spin can be either parallel or antiparallel to the localized impurity moment, depending on the location of the pinned impurity, because itinerant electrons are found only at the B-site of the edge, but not at the A-site.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We report analytical calculations of isotropic hyperfine-coupling constants in radicals using a spin-adapted open-shell coupled-cluster theory, namely, the unitary group based combinatoric open-shell coupled-cluster (COSCC) approach within the singles and doubles approximation. A scheme for the evaluation of the one-particle spin-density matrix required in these calculations is outlined within the spin-free formulation of the COSCC approach. In this scheme, the one-particle spin-density matrix for an open-shell state with spin S and MS = + S is expressed in terms of the one- and two-particle spin-free (charge) density matrices obtained from the Lagrangian formulation that is used for calculating the analytic first derivatives of the energy. Benchmark calculations are presented for NO, NCO, CH2CN, and two conjugated π-radicals, viz., allyl and 1-pyrrolyl in order to demonstrate the performance of the proposed scheme
Strong spin-orbit coupling and Zeeman spin splitting in angle dependent magnetoresistance of Bi2Te3
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We have studied angle dependent magnetoresistance of Bi2Te3 thin film with field up to 9 T over 2–20 K temperatures. The perpendicular field magnetoresistance has been explained by the Hikami-Larkin-Nagaoka theory alone in a system with strong spin-orbit coupling, from which we have estimated the mean free path, the phase coherence length, and the spin-orbit relaxation time. We have obtained the out-of-plane spin-orbit relaxation time to be small and the in-plane spin-orbit relaxation time to be comparable to the momentum relaxation time. The estimation of these charge and spin transport parameters are useful for spintronics applications. For parallel field magnetoresistance, we have confirmed the presence of Zeeman effect which is otherwise suppressed in perpendicular field magnetoresistance due to strong spin-orbit coupling. The parallel field data have been explained using both the contributions from the Maekawa-Fukuyama localization theory for non-interacting electrons and Lee-Ramakrishnan theory of electron-electron interactions. The estimated Zeeman g-factor and the strength of Coulomb screening parameter agree well with the theory. Finally, the anisotropy in magnetoresistance with respect to angle has been described by the Hikami-Larkin-Nagaoka theory. This anisotropy can be used in anisotropic magnetic sensor applications.
Exchange cotunneling through quantum dots with spin-orbit coupling
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Paaske, Jens; Andersen, Andreas; Flensberg, Karsten
2010-01-01
We investigate the effects of spin-orbit interaction (SOI) on the exchange cotunneling through a spinful Coulomb blockaded quantum dot. In the case of zero magnetic field, Kondo effect is shown to take place via a Kramers doublet and the SOI will merely affect the Kondo temperature. In contrast, ...
Nag, Tanay
2016-06-01
We take a central spin model (CSM), consisting of a one-dimensional environmental Ising spin chain and a single qubit connected globally to all the spins of the environment, to study the excess energy (EE) of the environment and the logarithm of decoherence factor namely, generalized fidelity susceptibility per site (GFSS), associated with the qubit under a periodic driving of the transverse field term of environment across its critical point using the Floquet theory. The coupling to the qubit, prepared in a pure state, with the transverse field of the spin chain yields two sets of EE corresponding to the two species of Floquet operators. In the limit of weak coupling, we derive an approximated expression of GFSS after an infinite number of driving period which can successfully estimate the low- and intermediate-frequency behavior of GFSS obtained numerically with a large number of time periods. Our main focus is to analytically investigate the effect of system-environment coupling strength on the EEs and GFSS and relate the behavior of GFSS to EEs as a function of frequency by plausible analytical arguments. We explicitly show that the low-frequency beatinglike pattern of GFSS is an outcome of two frequencies, causing the oscillations in the two branches of EEs, that are dependent on the coupling strength. In the intermediate frequency regime, dip structure observed in GFSS can be justified by the resonance peaks of EEs at those coupling parameter-dependent frequencies; high-frequency saturation behavior of EEs and GFSS are controlled by the same static Hamiltonian and the associated saturation values are related to the coupling strength.
Dynamics of Spin-Orbit Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensates in a Random Potential.
Mardonov, Sh; Modugno, M; Sherman, E Ya
2015-10-30
Disorder plays a crucial role in spin dynamics in solids and condensed matter systems. We demonstrate that for a spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensate in a random potential two mechanisms of spin evolution that can be characterized as "precessional" and "anomalous" are at work simultaneously. The precessional mechanism, typical for solids, is due to the condensate displacement. The unconventional anomalous mechanism is due to the spin-dependent velocity producing the distribution of the condensate spin polarization. The condensate expansion is accompanied by a random displacement and fragmentation, where it becomes sparse, as clearly revealed in the spin dynamics. Thus, different stages of the evolution can be characterized by looking at the condensate spin. PMID:26565441
Dyrdał, Anna; Barnaś, Józef
2012-12-01
We consider intrinsic contributions to the spin Hall and spin Nernst effects in monolayer and bilayer graphene. The spin Hall (Nernst) effect consists in the generation of transverse spin current by longitudinal electric field (temperature gradient). The relevant electronic spectrum for monolayer and bilayer graphene has been obtained from the corresponding effective Hamiltonians. Both spin Hall and spin Nernst conductivities have been determined within the linear response theory and Green function formalism. The influence of an external vertical voltage between the two atomic sheets in the case of a bilayer graphene is also analyzed and discussed. This voltage can generally lead to a phase transition between the topological insulator phase and conventional insulator. In the case of bilayer graphene, the main focuss is on an asymmetrical case, with different spin-orbit parameters in the two atomic sheets. Such a difference may be generated by different atomic planes adjacent to bilayer graphene on its both sides.
Implementation of Liouville space search algorithm on strongly dipolar coupled nuclear spins
Gopinath, T
2009-01-01
Liouville space search algorithm [Bruschweiler, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 85}, 4815(2000).] utilizes mixed initial states of the ensemble, and has been successfully implemented earlier in weakly coupled spins, in which a spin can be identified as a qubit. It has recently been demonstrated that n-strongly coupled spins can be collectively treated as an n-qubit system. Application of algorithms in such systems, requires new approaches using transition selective pulses rather than qubit selective pulses. This work develops a modified version of Liouville space search algorithm, which is applicable for strongly as well as weakly coupled spins. All the steps of the algorithm, can be implemented by using transition selective pulses. Experimental implementation is carried out on a strongly dipolar coupled four qubit system.
Jiang, Li; Zhang, Guo-Feng
2016-08-01
The effects of nuclear field and spin-orbit interaction on dense coding and swap operation are studied in detail for both the antiferromagnetic (AFM) and ferromagnetic (FM) coupling cases. The conditions for a valid dense coding and under which swap operation is feasible are given.
Tunable thermal entanglement in an effective spin-star system using coupled microcavities
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yang Wan-Li; Wei Hua; Feng Mang; An Jun-Hong
2009-01-01
We theoretically explore the possibility of realizing controllable thermal entanglement of effective spins in a fourqubit anisotropic Heisenberg XXZ coupling spin-star system constructed by coupled microcavities. We analyse the dependence of thermal entanglement in this system on temperature,inhomogeneity of the magnetic field,and anisotropy,which can be readily tuned via the external laser fields. The peculiar characteristic and the full controllability of the thermal entanglement are demonstrated to be useful for quantum information processing.
Phase Diagram of Two-dimensional Polarized Fermi Gas With Spin-Orbit Coupling
Yang, Xiaosen; Wan, Shaolong
2011-01-01
We investigate the ground state of the two-dimensional polarized Fermi gas with spin-orbit coupling and construct the phase diagram at zero temperature. We find there exist phase separation when the binding energy is low. As the binding energy increasing, the topological nontrivial superfluid phase coexist with topologically trivial superfluid phase which is topological phase separation. The spin-orbit coupling interaction enhance the triplet pairing and destabilize the phase separation again...
Spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates in a one-dimensional optical lattice.
Hamner, C; Zhang, Yongping; Khamehchi, M A; Davis, Matthew J; Engels, P
2015-02-20
We investigate a spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate loaded into a translating optical lattice. We experimentally demonstrate the lack of Galilean invariance in the spin-orbit-coupled system, which leads to anisotropic behavior of the condensate depending on the direction of translation of the lattice. The anisotropy is theoretically understood by an effective dispersion relation. We experimentally confirm this theoretical picture by probing the dynamical instability of the system. PMID:25763940
Electric control of superconducting transition through a spin-orbit coupled interface
Ouassou, Jabir Ali; Di Bernardo, Angelo; Robinson, Jason W. A.; Linder, Jacob
2016-01-01
We demonstrate theoretically all-electric control of the superconducting transition temperature using a device comprised of a conventional superconductor, a ferromagnetic insulator, and semiconducting layers with intrinsic spin-orbit coupling. By using analytical calculations and numerical simulations, we show that the transition temperature of such a device can be controlled by electric gating which alters the ratio of Rashba to Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling. The results offer a new pathway to control superconductivity in spintronic devices. PMID:27426887
Classical and Quantum features of the spin-curvature coupling
Cianfrani, Francesco; Montani, Giovanni
2007-04-01
We analyze the behavior of a spinning particle in gravity, both from a quantum and a classical perspective point of view. We infer that, since the interaction between the space-time curvature and a spinning test particle is expected, then the main features of such an interaction can get light on which degrees of freedom have physical meaning in a quantum gravity theory with fermions. Finally, the dimensional reduction of Papapetrou equations is performed in a 5-dimensional Kaluza-Klein background and Dixon-Souriau results for the motion of a charged spinning body are obtained.
Tensor Coupling Effects on Spin Symmetry in the Anti-Lambda Spectrum of Hypernuclei
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SONG Chun-Yan; YAO Jiang-Ming; MENG Jie
2011-01-01
Effects of △w-tensor coupling on the spin symmetry of A spectra in A-nucleus systems are studied using relativis-tic mean-field theory. Taking 12C+A as an example, it is found that the tensor coupling enlarges the spin-orbit splittings of A by a factor of 5 but has a negligible effect on the wave functions of A. Similar conclusions are observed in other A-nuclei, including 16O+A, 40Ca+A and 20SPb+A. It is indicated that the spin symmetry in anti-lambda-nucleus systems is still a good approximation irrespective of the tensor coupling.%@@ Effects of(∧∧)ω-tensor coupling on the spin symmetry of(∧)spectra in(∧)-nucleus systems are studied using relativis-tic mean-field theory.Taking 12C+(∧)as an example,it is found that the tensor coupling enlarges the spin-orbit splittings of(∧)a factor of 5 but has a negligible effect on the wave functions of(∧).Similar conclusions are observed in other(∧)-nuclei,including 16O+(∧),40Ca+(∧)and 20gPb+(∧).It is indicated that the spin symmetry in anti-lambdarnucleus systems is still a good approximation irrespective of the tensor coupling.
Sahakyan, Aleksandr B; Shahkhatuni, Aleksan G; Shahkhatuni, Astghik A; Panosyan, Henry A
2008-04-24
Electric field (EF) induced changes of one-bond indirect spin-spin coupling constants are investigated on a wide range of molecules including peptide models. EFs were both externally applied and internally calculated without external EF application by the hybrid density functional theory method. Reliable agreement with experimental data has been obtained for calculated one-bond J-couplings. The role of the EF sign and direction, internal and induced components, hydrogen bonding, internuclear distance and hyperconjugative interactions on the one-bond J-coupling vs EF interconnection is analyzed. A linear dependence of 1J on EF projection along the bond is obtained, if the bound atoms possess different enough electron densities and an EF determined by the electronic polarization exists along the bond. Accentuating the 1JNH couplings as possible EF sensitive parameters, a systematic study is done in two sets of molecules with a large variation of the native internal EF value. The most EF affected component of the 1JNH coupling constant is the spin-dipole term of Ramsey's formulation; however, in the total J-coupling formation, the EF influence on the Fermi contact term is the most significant. The induced EF projection along the bond is 6.7 times weaker in magnitude than the simulated external uniform field. The absolute EF dependence of the one-bond J-coupling involves only the internal field, which is the sum of the induced field (if the external field exists) and the internuclear field determined by the native polarization. That linear and universal dependence joins the corresponding couplings in a diverse set of molecules under various electrostatic conditions. Many types of the one-bond J-couplings can be potentially measured in biomolecules, and the study of their relation with the electrostatic properties at the corresponding sites opens a new avenue to the full exploitation of the NMR measurable parameters with novel and exciting applications. PMID:18363392
Heat Transport in Spin Chains with Weak Spin-Phonon Coupling
Chernyshev, AL; Rozhkov, AV
2015-01-01
© 2016 American Physical Society. The heat transport in a system of S=1/2 large-J Heisenberg spin chains, describing closely Sr2CuO3 and SrCuO2 cuprates, is studied theoretically at TJ by considering interactions of the bosonized spin excitations with optical phonons and defects. Treating rigorously the multiboson processes, we derive a microscopic spin-phonon scattering rate that adheres to an intuitive picture of phonons acting as thermally populated defects for the fast spin excitations. T...
Gravitational and gauge couplings in Chern-Simons fractional spin gravity
Boulanger, Nicolas; Valenzuela, Mauricio
2015-01-01
We propose an extension of Vasiliev's supertrace operation for the enveloping algebra of Wigner's deformed oscillator algebra to the fractional spin algebra given in arXiv:1312.5700. The resulting three-dimensional Chern-Simons theory unifies the Blencowe-Vasiliev higher spin gravity with fractional spin fields and internal gauge potentials. For integer or half-integer fractional spins, infinite dimensional ideals arise and decouple, leaving finite dimensional gauge algebras gl(2l+1) or gl(l|l+1) and various real forms thereof. We derive the relation between gravitational and internal gauge couplings.
Computing precession and spin-curvature coupling for small bodies orbiting Kerr black holes
Hughes, Scott; Ruangsri, Uchupol; Vigeland, Sarah
2016-03-01
A non-spinning small body that orbits a Kerr black hole follows a trajectory that looks like a geodesic corrected by ``self force'' effects that drive inspiral and shift the small body's orbital frequencies. If the small body is spinning, then additional forces arise from the coupling of its spin to the curvature of the larger black hole. In this talk, I will describe recent work to compute the precession of this small body in the frequency domain for generic orbit geometries and generic small body orientations, and show how this result can be used to compute the spin-curvature force in a computationally effective way.
Spin-dependent Fano effect through parallel-coupled double quantum dots
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Based on the nonequilibrium Green' function method, the spin-dependent Fano effect through parallel-coupled double quantum dots has been investigated by taking account of both Rashba spin-orbit interaction and intradot Coulomb interaction. It is shown that the quantum interference through the bonding, antibonding states and through their Coulomb blockade counterparts may result in two Breit-Wigner resonances and two Fano resonances in the conductance spectra. Moreover, the Fano lineshape of the two spin components can be modulated by Rashba spin-orbit interaction when the magnetic flux is switched on.
Intrinsic Spin-Orbit Coupling in Superconducting Delta-Doped SrTiO3 Heterostructures
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bell, Christopher
2011-08-19
We report the violation of the Pauli limit due to intrinsic spin-orbit coupling in SrTiO{sub 3} heterostructures. Via selective doping down to a few nanometers, a two-dimensional superconductor is formed, geometrically suppressing orbital pair-breaking. The spin-orbit scattering is exposed by the robust in-plane superconducting upper critical field, exceeding the Pauli limit by a factor of 4. Transport scattering times several orders of magnitude higher than for conventional thin film superconductors enables a new regime to be entered, where spin-orbit coupling effects arise non-perturbatively.
Romera, M.; Lacoste, B.; Ebels, U.; Buda-Prejbeanu, L. D.
2016-09-01
The general concepts of spin wave theory are adapted to the spin torque driven dynamics of a self-polarized system based on two layers coupled via interlayer exchange (conservative coupling) and mutual spin torque (dissipative coupling). An analytical description of the nonlinear dynamics is proposed and validated through numerical simulations. In contrast to the single layer model, the phase equation of the coupled system has a contribution coming from the dissipative part of the LLGS equation. It is shown that this is a major contribution to the frequency mandatory to describe well the most basic features of the dynamics of this coupled system. Using the proposed model a specific feature of coupled dynamics is addressed: the redshift to blueshift transition observed in the frequency current dependence of this kind of exchange coupled systems upon increasing the applied field. It is found that the blueshift regime can only occur in a region of field where the two linear eigenmodes contribute equally to the steady state mode (i.e., high mode hybridization). Finally, a general perturbed Hamiltonian equation for the coupled system is proposed.
Spin-orbit coupled two-electron Fermi gases of ytterbium atoms
Song, Bo; Zhang, Shanchao; Zou, Yueyang; Haciyev, Elnur; Huang, Wei; Liu, Xiong-Jun; Jo, Gyu-Boong
2016-01-01
We demonstrate the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in a two-electron Fermi gas of $^{173}$Yb atoms by coupling two hyperfine ground states via the two-photon Raman transition. Due to the SU($N$) symmetry of the $^1$S$_0$ ground-state manifold which is insensitive to external magnetic field, an optical AC Stark effect is applied to split the ground spin states and separate an effective spin-1/2 subspace out from other hyperfine levels for the realization of SOC. With a momentum-dependent spin-orbit gap being suddenly opened by switching on the Raman transition, the dephasing of spin dynamics is observed, as a consequence of the momentum-dependent Rabi oscillations. Moreover, the momentum asymmetry of the spin-orbit coupled Fermi gas is also examined after projection onto the bare spin state and the corresponding momentum distribution is measured for different two-photon detuning. The realization of SOC for Yb fermions may open a new avenue to the study of novel spin-orbit physics with alkaline-earth-like atoms.
Mesoscopic Fano effect in a spin splitter with a side-coupled quantum dot
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Moldoveanu, V.; Ţolea, M. [National Institute of Materials Physics, P.O. Box MG-7, Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Tanatar, B., E-mail: tanatar@fen.bilkent.edu.tr [Department of Physics, Bilkent University, Bilkent, 06800 Ankara (Turkey)
2012-02-20
We investigate the interplay between the spin interference and the Fano effect in a three-lead mesoscopic ring with a side-coupled quantum dot (QD). A uniform Rashba spin–orbit coupling and a perpendicular magnetic field are tuned such that the ring operates as a spin splitter in the absence of the QD: one lead is used to inject unpolarized electrons and the remaining (output) leads collect almost polarized spin currents. By applying a gate potential to the quantum dot a pair of spin-split levels sweeps the bias window and leads to Fano interference. The steady-state spin and charge currents in the leads are calculated for a finite bias applied across the ring via the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism. When the QD levels participate to transport we find that the spin currents exhibit peaks and dips whereas the charge currents present Fano lineshapes. The location of the side-coupled quantum dot and the spin splitting of its levels also affect the interference and the output currents. The opposite response of output currents to the variation of the gate potential allows one to use this system as a single parameter current switch. We also analyze the dependence of the splitter efficiency on the spin splitting on the QD.
Mesoscopic Fano effect in a spin splitter with a side-coupled quantum dot
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate the interplay between the spin interference and the Fano effect in a three-lead mesoscopic ring with a side-coupled quantum dot (QD). A uniform Rashba spin–orbit coupling and a perpendicular magnetic field are tuned such that the ring operates as a spin splitter in the absence of the QD: one lead is used to inject unpolarized electrons and the remaining (output) leads collect almost polarized spin currents. By applying a gate potential to the quantum dot a pair of spin-split levels sweeps the bias window and leads to Fano interference. The steady-state spin and charge currents in the leads are calculated for a finite bias applied across the ring via the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism. When the QD levels participate to transport we find that the spin currents exhibit peaks and dips whereas the charge currents present Fano lineshapes. The location of the side-coupled quantum dot and the spin splitting of its levels also affect the interference and the output currents. The opposite response of output currents to the variation of the gate potential allows one to use this system as a single parameter current switch. We also analyze the dependence of the splitter efficiency on the spin splitting on the QD.
Spin-momentum coupled Bose-Einstein condensates with lattice band pseudospins.
Khamehchi, M A; Qu, Chunlei; Mossman, M E; Zhang, Chuanwei; Engels, P
2016-01-01
The quantum emulation of spin-momentum coupling, a crucial ingredient for the emergence of topological phases, is currently drawing considerable interest. In previous quantum gas experiments, typically two atomic hyperfine states were chosen as pseudospins. Here, we report the observation of a spin-momentum coupling achieved by loading a Bose-Einstein condensate into periodically driven optical lattices. The s and p bands of a static lattice, which act as pseudospins, are coupled through an additional moving lattice that induces a momentum-dependent coupling between the two pseudospins, resulting in s-p hybrid Floquet-Bloch bands. We investigate the band structures by measuring the quasimomentum of the Bose-Einstein condensate for different velocities and strengths of the moving lattice, and compare our measurements to theoretical predictions. The realization of spin-momentum coupling with lattice bands as pseudospins paves the way for engineering novel quantum matter using hybrid orbital bands. PMID:26924575
Spin-momentum coupled Bose-Einstein condensates with lattice band pseudospins.
Khamehchi, M A; Qu, Chunlei; Mossman, M E; Zhang, Chuanwei; Engels, P
2016-01-01
The quantum emulation of spin-momentum coupling, a crucial ingredient for the emergence of topological phases, is currently drawing considerable interest. In previous quantum gas experiments, typically two atomic hyperfine states were chosen as pseudospins. Here, we report the observation of a spin-momentum coupling achieved by loading a Bose-Einstein condensate into periodically driven optical lattices. The s and p bands of a static lattice, which act as pseudospins, are coupled through an additional moving lattice that induces a momentum-dependent coupling between the two pseudospins, resulting in s-p hybrid Floquet-Bloch bands. We investigate the band structures by measuring the quasimomentum of the Bose-Einstein condensate for different velocities and strengths of the moving lattice, and compare our measurements to theoretical predictions. The realization of spin-momentum coupling with lattice bands as pseudospins paves the way for engineering novel quantum matter using hybrid orbital bands.
Proposed Coupling of an Electron Spin in a Semiconductor Quantum Dot to a Nanosize Optical Cavity
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Majumdar, Arka; Nielsen, Per Kær; Bajcsy, Michal;
2013-01-01
We propose a scheme to efficiently couple a single quantum dot electron spin to an optical nano-cavity, which enables us to simultaneously benefit from a cavity as an efficient photonic interface, as well as to perform high fidelity (nearly 100%) spin initialization and manipulation achievable in...... in bulk semiconductors. Moreover, the presence of the cavity speeds up the spin initialization process beyond the GHz range.......We propose a scheme to efficiently couple a single quantum dot electron spin to an optical nano-cavity, which enables us to simultaneously benefit from a cavity as an efficient photonic interface, as well as to perform high fidelity (nearly 100%) spin initialization and manipulation achievable...
Detecting stripe phase in spin-orbit coupled condensates via optical Bragg scattering
Putra, Andika; Carcoba, Francisco Salces; Yue, Yuchen; Sugawa, Seiji; Spielman, Ian
2016-05-01
The stripe phase in spin-orbit coupled condensates has been predicted theoretically but not yet been observed. This peculiar feature, analogue to supersolidity, originates from the interaction effects and spin-momentum locking between different spin states. Motivated by recent observation of antiferromagnetic correlations in cold atoms, we explore the feasibility of Bragg diffraction to observe the stripe phase. Here, we create spin-orbit coupled condensates in f = 1 ground state manifold of Rb87 using a pair of cross-polarized 790.02 nm counter-propagating laser beams. Using similar setup, we make a spin-dependent one dimensional lattice and demonstrate Bragg scattering of light to calibrate the atomic density distribution. This enables us to do a direct measure of the stripe phase.
Spin-orbit coupled molecular quantum magnetism realized in inorganic solid.
Park, Sang-Youn; Do, S-H; Choi, K-Y; Kang, J-H; Jang, Dongjin; Schmidt, B; Brando, Manuel; Kim, B-H; Kim, D-H; Butch, N P; Lee, Seongsu; Park, J-H; Ji, Sungdae
2016-09-21
Molecular quantum magnetism involving an isolated spin state is of particular interest due to the characteristic quantum phenomena underlying spin qubits or molecular spintronics for quantum information devices, as demonstrated in magnetic metal-organic molecular systems, the so-called molecular magnets. Here we report the molecular quantum magnetism realized in an inorganic solid Ba3Yb2Zn5O11 with spin-orbit coupled pseudospin-½ Yb(3+) ions. The magnetization represents the magnetic quantum values of an isolated Yb4 tetrahedron with a total (pseudo)spin 0, 1 and 2. Inelastic neutron scattering results reveal that a large Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction originating from strong spin-orbit coupling of Yb 4f is a key ingredient to explain magnetic excitations of the molecular magnet states. The Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction allows a non-adiabatic quantum transition between avoided crossing energy levels, and also results in unexpected magnetic behaviours in conventional molecular magnets.
Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling in bilayer Bose-Einstein condensates
Su, S.-W.; Gou, S.-C.; Sun, Q.; Wen, L.; Liu, W.-M.; Ji, A.-C.; Ruseckas, J.; JuzeliÅ«nas, G.
2016-05-01
We explore a way of producing the Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC) for ultracold atoms by using a two-component (spinor) atomic Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) confined in a bilayer geometry. The SOC of the Rashba type is created if the atoms pick up a π phase after completing a cyclic transition between four combined spin-layer states composed of two spin and two layer states. The cyclic coupling of the spin-layer states is carried out by combining an intralayer Raman coupling and an interlayer laser assisted tunneling. We theoretically determine the ground-state phases of the spin-orbit-coupled BEC for various strengths of the atom-atom interaction and the laser-assisted coupling. It is shown that the bilayer scheme provides a diverse ground-state phase diagram. In an intermediate range of the atom-light coupling two interlacing lattices of half-skyrmions and half-antiskyrmions are spontaneously created. In the strong-coupling regime, where the SOC of the Rashba type is formed, the ground state represents plane-wave or standing-wave phases depending on the interaction between the atoms. A variational analysis is shown to be in good agreement with the numerical results.
Rashba-type Spin-orbit Coupling in Bilayer Bose-Einstein Condensates
Su, S -W; Sun, Q; Wen, L; Liu, W -M; Ji, A -C; Ruseckas, J; Juzeliunas, G
2016-01-01
We explore a new way of producing the Rasba spin-orbit coupling (SOC) for ultracold atoms by using a two-component (spinor) atomic Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) confined in a bilayer geometry. The SOC of the Rashba type is created if the atoms pick up a {\\pi} phase after completing a cyclic transition between four combined spin-layer states composed of two spin and two layer states. The cyclic coupling of the spin-layer states is carried out by combining an intralayer Raman coupling and an interlayer laser assisted tunneling. We theoretically determine the ground-state phases of the spin-orbit-coupled BEC for various strengths of the atom-atom interaction and the laser-assisted coupling. It is shown that the bilayer scheme provides a diverse ground-state phase diagram. In an intermediate range of the atom-light coupling two interlacing lattices of half- skyrmions and half-antiskyrmions are spontaneously created. In the strong-coupling regime, where the SOC of the Rashba-type is formed, the ground state repre...
Quantum Stirling heat engine and refrigerator with single and coupled spin systems
Huang, Xiao-Li; Niu, Xin-Ya; Xiu, Xiao-Ming; Yi, Xue-Xi
2014-02-01
We study the reversible quantum Stirling cycle with a single spin or two coupled spins as the working substance. With the single spin as the working substance, we find that under certain conditions the reversed cycle of a heat engine is NOT a refrigerator, this feature holds true for a Stirling heat engine with an ion trapped in a shallow potential as its working substance. The efficiency of quantum Stirling heat engine can be higher than the efficiency of the Carnot engine, but the performance coefficient of the quantum Stirling refrigerator is always lower than its classical counterpart. With two coupled spins as the working substance, we find that a heat engine can turn to a refrigerator due to the increasing of the coupling constant, this can be explained by the properties of the isothermal line in the magnetic field-entropy plane.
Spin-orbit coupling in a graphene bilayer and in graphite
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Guinea, F, E-mail: paco.guinea@icmm.csic.e [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz 3, E28049 Madrid (Spain)
2010-08-15
The intrinsic spin-orbit interactions in bilayer graphene and in graphite are studied, using a tight binding model and an intra-atomic LS coupling. The spin-orbit interactions in bilayer graphene and graphite are larger, by about one order of magnitude, than the interactions in single-layer graphene, due to the mixing of {pi} and {sigma} bands by interlayer hopping. Their values are in the range 0.1-1 K. The spin-orbit coupling opens a gap in bilayer graphene, and also gives rise to two edge modes. The spin-orbit couplings are largest, {approx}1-4 K, in orthorhombic graphite, which does not have a center of inversion.
Effects of Spin-Orbit Coupling on Jaynes-Cummings and Tavis-Cummings Models
Zhu, Chuanzhou; Pu, Han
2016-01-01
We consider ultracold atoms inside a ring optical cavity that supports a single plane-wave mode. The cavity field, together with an external coherent laser field, drives a two-photon Raman transition between two internal pseudo-spin states of the atom. This gives rise to an effective coupling between atom's pseudo-spin and external center-of-mass (COM) motion. For the case of a single atom inside the cavity, We show how the spin-orbit coupling modifies the static and dynamic properties of the Jaynes-Cummings (JC) model. In the case of many atoms in thermodynamic limit, we show that the spin-orbit coupling modifies the Dicke superradiance phase transition boundary and the non-superradiant normal phase may become reentrant in some regimes.
A long-lived spin-orbit-coupled degenerate dipolar Fermi gas
Burdick, Nathaniel Q; Lev, Benjamin L
2016-01-01
We describe the creation of a long-lived spin-orbit-coupled gas of quantum degenerate atoms using the most magnetic fermionic element, dysprosium. Spin-orbit-coupling arises from a synthetic gauge field created by the adiabatic following of degenerate dressed states comprised of optically coupled components of an atomic spin. Because of dysprosium's large electronic orbital angular momentum and large magnetic moment, the lifetime of the gas is limited not by spontaneous emission from the light-matter coupling, as for gases of alkali-metal atoms, but by dipolar relaxation of the spin. This relaxation is suppressed at large magnetic fields due to Fermi statistics. We observe lifetimes up to 400 ms, which exceeds that of spin-orbit-coupled fermionic alkali atoms by a factor of 10-100, and is close to the value obtained from a theoretical model. Elastic dipolar interactions are also observed to influence the Rabi evolution of the spin, revealing an interacting fermionic system. The long lifetime of this weakly in...
Spin blocking effect in symmetric double quantum well due to Rashba spin-orbit coupling
Souma, Satofumi; Ogawa, Matsuto; Sekine, Yoshiaki; Sawada, Atsushi; Koga, Takaaki
2013-03-01
We report a theoretical study of the spin-dependent electronic current flowing laterally through the In0.53Ga0.47As/In0.52Al0.48As double quantum well (DQW) structure, where the values of the Rashba spin-orbit parameter αR are opposite in sign but equal in magnitude between the constituent quantum wells. By tuning the channel length of DQW and the magnitude of the externally applied in-plane magnetic field, one can block the transmission of one spin (e.g., spin-up) component, enabling us to obtain a spin-polarized current. Our experimental progress toward realizing the proposed device is also reported. This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 23360001 and 22104007
Localization-delocalization transition in spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate.
Li, Chunyan; Ye, Fangwei; Kartashov, Yaroslav V; Konotop, Vladimir V; Chen, Xianfeng
2016-01-01
We address the impact of the spin-orbit (SO) coupling on the localization-delocalization-transition (LDT) in a spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensate in a bichromatic potential. We find that SO coupling significantly alters the threshold depth of the one of sublattices above which the lowest eigenstates transform from delocalizated into localized. For some moderate coupling strengths the threshold is strongly reduced, which is explained by the SO coupling-induced band flattening in one of the sub-lattices. We explain why simultaneous Rabi and SO coupling are necessary ingredients for LDT threshold cancellation and show that strong SO coupling drives the system into the state where its evolution becomes similar to the evolution of a one-component system. We also find that defocusing nonlinearity can lead to localization of the states which are delocalized in the linear limit.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Krishtopenko, S. S., E-mail: sergey.krishtopenko@mail.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)
2015-02-15
The effect of the electron-electron interaction on the spin-resonance frequency in two-dimensional electron systems with Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling is investigated. The oscillatory dependence of many-body corrections on the magnetic field is demonstrated. It is shown that the consideration of many-body interaction leads to a decrease or an increase in the spin-resonance frequency, depending on the sign of the g factor. It is found that the term cubic in quasimomentum in Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling partially decreases exchange corrections to the spin resonance energy in a two-dimensional system.
Towards achieving strong coupling in three-dimensional-cavity with solid state spin resonance
Le Floch, J.-M.; Delhote, N.; Aubourg, M.; Madrangeas, V.; Cros, D.; Castelletto, S.; Tobar, M. E.
2016-04-01
We investigate the microwave magnetic field confinement in several microwave three-dimensional (3D)-cavities, using a 3D finite-element analysis to determine the best design and achieve a strong coupling between microwave resonant cavity photons and solid state spins. Specifically, we design cavities for achieving strong coupling of electromagnetic modes with an ensemble of nitrogen vacancy (NV) defects in diamond. We report here a novel and practical cavity design with a magnetic filling factor of up to 4 times (2 times higher collective coupling) than previously achieved using one-dimensional superconducting cavities with a small mode volume. In addition, we show that by using a double-split resonator cavity, it is possible to achieve up to 200 times better cooperative factor than the currently demonstrated with NV in diamond. These designs open up further opportunities for studying strong and ultra-strong coupling effects on spins in solids using alternative systems with a wider range of design parameters. The strong coupling of paramagnetic spin defects with a photonic cavity is used in quantum computer architecture, to interface electrons spins with photons, facilitating their read-out and processing of quantum information. To achieve this, the combination of collective coupling of spins and cavity mode is more feasible and offers a promising method. This is a relevant milestone to develop advanced quantum technology and to test fundamental physics principles.
Spin flipping in ring-coupled-cluster-doubles theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Klopper, Wim; M. Teale, Andrew; Coriani, Sonia;
2011-01-01
We report a critical analysis and comparison of a variety of random-phase-approximation (RPA) based approaches to determine the electronic ground-state energy. Interrelations between RPA variants are examined by numerical examples with particular attention paid to the role of spin-flipped excitat......We report a critical analysis and comparison of a variety of random-phase-approximation (RPA) based approaches to determine the electronic ground-state energy. Interrelations between RPA variants are examined by numerical examples with particular attention paid to the role of spin...
Thermodynamic properties of noninteracting quantum gases with spin-orbit coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
He Li [Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu, 215600 (China); Yu Zengqiang [Institute for Advanced Study, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084 (China)
2011-08-15
In this brief report we study thermodynamic properties of noninteracting quantum gases with isotropic spin-orbit coupling. At high temperature, coefficients of virial expansion depend on both temperature T and spin-orbit coupling strength {kappa}. For strong coupling, virial expansion is applicable to the temperature region below the conventional degenerate temperature T{sub F}. At low temperature, specific heat is proportional to {radical}(T) in Bose gases and T in Fermi gases. Temperature dependence of the chemical potential of fermions shows a different behavior when the Fermi surface is above and below the Dirac point.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Enevoldsen, Thomas; Oddershede, Jens; Sauer, Stephan P. A.
1998-01-01
We present correlated calculations of the indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants of HD, HF, H2O, CH4, C2H2, BH, AlH, CO and N2 at the level of the second-order polarization propagator approximation (SOPPA) and the second-order polarization propagator approximation with coupled-cluster sing...
Müstecaplıoğlu, Özgür Esat; Altintas, Ferdi
2015-01-01
We investigate a quantum heat engine with a working substance of two particles, one with a spin-1/2 and the other with an arbitrary spin (spin s), coupled by Heisenberg exchange interaction, and subject to an external magnetic field. The engine operates in a quantum Otto cycle. Work harvested in the cycle and its efficiency are calculated using quantum thermodynamical definitions. It is found that the engine has higher efficiencies at higher spins and can harvest work at higher exchange inter...
Quasiclassical methods for spin-charge coupled dynamics in low-dimensional systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Corini, Cosimo
2009-06-12
Spintronics is a new field of study whose broad aim is the manipulation of the spin degrees of freedom in solid state systems. One of its main goals is the realization of devices capable of exploiting, besides the charge, the carriers' - and possibly the nuclei's - spin. The presence of spin-orbit coupling in a system enables the spin and charge degrees of freedom to ''communicate'', a favorable situation if one is to realize such devices. More importantly, it offers the opportunity of doing so by relying solely on electric fields, whereas magnetic fields are otherwise required. Eminent examples of versatile systems with built-in and variously tunable spin-orbit interaction are two-dimensional electron - or hole - gases. The study of spin-charge coupled dynamics in such a context faces a large number of open questions, both of the fundamental and of the more practical type. To tackle the problem we rely on the quasiclassical formalism. This is an approximate quantum-field theoretical formulation with a solid microscopic foundation, perfectly suited for describing phenomena at the mesoscopic scale, and bearing a resemblance to standard Boltzmann theory which makes for physical transparency. Originally born to deal with transport in electron-phonon systems, we first generalize it to the case in which spin-orbit coupling is present, and then move on to apply it to specific situations and phenomena. Among these, to the description of the spin Hall effect and of voltage induced spin polarizations in two-dimensional electron gases under a variety of conditions - stationary or time-dependent, in the presence of magnetic and non-magnetic disorder, in the bulk or in confined geometries -, and to the problem of spin relaxation in narrow wires. (orig.)
Quasiclassical methods for spin-charge coupled dynamics in low-dimensional systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Spintronics is a new field of study whose broad aim is the manipulation of the spin degrees of freedom in solid state systems. One of its main goals is the realization of devices capable of exploiting, besides the charge, the carriers' - and possibly the nuclei's - spin. The presence of spin-orbit coupling in a system enables the spin and charge degrees of freedom to ''communicate'', a favorable situation if one is to realize such devices. More importantly, it offers the opportunity of doing so by relying solely on electric fields, whereas magnetic fields are otherwise required. Eminent examples of versatile systems with built-in and variously tunable spin-orbit interaction are two-dimensional electron - or hole - gases. The study of spin-charge coupled dynamics in such a context faces a large number of open questions, both of the fundamental and of the more practical type. To tackle the problem we rely on the quasiclassical formalism. This is an approximate quantum-field theoretical formulation with a solid microscopic foundation, perfectly suited for describing phenomena at the mesoscopic scale, and bearing a resemblance to standard Boltzmann theory which makes for physical transparency. Originally born to deal with transport in electron-phonon systems, we first generalize it to the case in which spin-orbit coupling is present, and then move on to apply it to specific situations and phenomena. Among these, to the description of the spin Hall effect and of voltage induced spin polarizations in two-dimensional electron gases under a variety of conditions - stationary or time-dependent, in the presence of magnetic and non-magnetic disorder, in the bulk or in confined geometries -, and to the problem of spin relaxation in narrow wires. (orig.)
Effect of spin-orbit couplings in graphene with and without potential modulation
Shakouri, Kh.; Masir, M. Ramezani; Jellal, A.; Choubabi, E. B.; Peeters, F. M.
2013-09-01
We investigate the effect of Rashba and intrinsic spin-orbit couplings on the electronic properties and spin configurations of Dirac fermions confined in: (i) a flat graphene sheet, (ii) a graphene wire with p-n-p structure, and (iii) a superlattice of graphene wires. The interplay between the spin-orbit interaction mechanisms breaks the electron-hole symmetry and the spin configuration induced by Rashba spin-orbit coupling lacks inversion symmetry in k space. We show that the Rashba spin-orbit interaction doubles the Fabry-Pérot resonant modes in the transmission spectrum of a graphene wire and opens new channels for the electron transmission. Moreover, it leads to the appearance of spin split extra Dirac cones in the energy spectrum of a graphene superlattice. It is shown that the spin of the electrons and holes confined in a flat graphene sheet is always perpendicular to their motion while this is not the case for the other nanostructures.
Exchange bias and coercivity for ferromagnets coupled to the domain state and spin glass state
Zhan, Xiaozhi; Mao, Zhongquan; Chen, Xi
2016-05-01
The exchange bias (EB) effect for systems with a ferromagnetic (FM) layer coupled to bond-diluted pinning layers has been investigated by Monte Carlo simulations. Two bond dilution concentrations are chosen to obtain two kinds of pinning layers: the antiferromagnetic domain state (DS) and the spin glass (SG) state. It is found that when coupled to the more disordered SG state, the ferromagnet shows enhanced EB with higher coercivity due to larger amounts of both frozen and reversible spins at the pinning interface. Spin configurations of the FM/DS interface layer reveal that reversible spins are mostly found in domain boundaries and small domains, while most spins in large domains maintain antiferromagnetic coupling and contribute to the EB effect. The coercivity is linear to the amount of interface reversible spins, but with different slopes in the temperature ranges above or below the blocking temperature t B. This bimodal temperature-dependent coercivity indicates a sudden change in macroscopic interface coupling at the temperature t B.
Coupled spin, elastic and charge dynamics in magnetic nanostructures
Kamra, A.
2015-01-01
In this Thesis, I address the interaction of magnetic degrees of freedom with charge current and elastic dynamics in hybrid systems composed of magnetic and non-magnetic materials. The objective, invariably, is to control and study spin dynamics using charge and elastic degrees of freedom. In certai
Are all forces due to spin-curvature coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Harris, E.G. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville (USA). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy)
1980-02-11
Starting from the Dirac equation for a particle in a gravitational field and an arbitrary gauge field, the Heisenberg and classical equations of motion are derived. The force term is a generalization of the Lorentz force. It may be interpreted as the interaction between a generalized spin and the curvature of a fiber bundle.
Electric-Field Coupling to Spin Waves in a Centrosymmetric Ferrite
Liu, Tianyu
A systematic control of spin waves via external electric fields has been a long standing issue for the design of magnonic devices, and is of fundamental interest. One way to attain such control is to use multiferroics, whose electric and magnetic polarizations are inherently coupled. The lack of electric polarization in a centrosymmetric ferrite, however, makes direct coupling of its magnetization to external electric fields a challenge. Indirect electric control of spin waves has been accomplished by hybridizing yttrium iron garnet (YIG), a centrosymmetric ferrite, with a piezoelectric material. Here, we predict direct control of spin waves in YIG by a flexoelectric interaction, which couples an electric field to the spatial gradient of the magnetization, and thus the spin waves. Based on a superexchange model, which describes the antiferromagnetic coupling between two nearest neighbor iron ions through an oxygen ion, including spin-orbit coupling, we estimate the coupling constant and predict a phase shift linear in the applied electric fields. The theory is then confirmed by experimental measurement of the electric-field-induced phase shift in a YIG waveguide. In addition to the flexoelectric effect, another electric effect is observed, which couples the electric field directly with the magnetization of YIG. We call this a magnetoelectric effect. By adjusting the direction of the electric field, the two effects can be well separated. Experimental results agree quantitatively with the theoretical prediction. A phenomenological coupling constant for the magnetoelectric effect is also obtained. Our findings point to an important avenue for manipulating spin waves and developing electrically tunable magnonic devices.
Magnetoelectric Coupling Induced Electric Dipole Glass State in Heisenberg Spin Glass
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Jun-Ming; CHAN-WONG Lai-Wa; CHOY Chung-Loong
2009-01-01
Multiferroic behavior in an isotropic Heisenberg spin glass with Gaussian random fields,incorporated bymagnetoelectric coupling derived from the Landau symmetry argument,are investigated.Electric dipole glass transitions at finite ternperature,due to coupling,are demonstrated by Monte Carlo simulation.This electric dipole glass state is solely ascribed to the coupling term with chiral symmetry of the magnetization,while the term associated with the spatial derivative of the squared magnetization has no contribution.
Juricic, Vladimir; van Miert, Guido; Morais Smith, Cristiane
2015-03-01
Graphynes represent an emerging family of carbon allotropes that differ from graphene by the presence of the triple bonds (-C ≡C-) in their band structure. They have recently attracted much interest due to the tunability of the Dirac cones in the band structure. I will show that the spin-orbit coupling in β-graphyne could produce various effects related to the topological properties of its electronic bands. Intrinsic spin-orbit coupling yields high- and tunable Chern-number bands, which may host both topological and Chern insulators, in the presence and absence of time-reversal symmetry, respectively. Furthermore, Rashba spin-orbit coupling can be used to control the position and the number of Dirac cones in the Brillouin zone. Finally, I will also discuss the electronic properties of α - and γ - graphyne in the presence of the spin-orbit coupling within recently developed general theory of spin-orbit couplings in graphynes. Work supported by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO).
Time-Dependent Evolution of Two Coupled Luttinger Models of Spin-1/2 Fermions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHOU Zong-Li; LOU Ping
2009-01-01
Based on the field-theoretical bosonization we consider the spinful system consisting of two disconnected Luttinger liquids, which are coupled at time t=0 through chiral density-density interactions. We show the well-known spin-charge separation in this 1D system by means of bosonization and Bogoliubov transformation. To evaluate analytically the one-particle equal-time correlation functions, Cazalilla's methods are extended to spin-charge sectors. It is found that in long time limit the behavior of correlations does not coincide with that of equilibrium equal-time correlations of two coupled spinful Luttinger liquids. In order to compare with experimental results, the improved exponent that governs the power-law behavior of equal-time correlations of the non-equilibrium system is obtained at the end of this work.
Gravitational and gauge couplings in Chern-Simons fractional spin gravity
Boulanger, Nicolas; Sundell, Per; Valenzuela, Mauricio
2016-01-01
We propose an extension of Vasiliev's supertrace operation for the enveloping algebra of Wigner's deformed oscillator algebra to the fractional spin algebra given in arXiv:1312.5700. We provide a necessary and sufficient condition for the consistency of the supertrace, through the existence of a certain ground state projector. We build this projector and check its properties to the first two orders in the number operator and to all orders in the deformation parameter. We then find the relation between the gravitational and internal gauge couplings in the resulting unified three-dimensional Chern-Simons theory for Blencowe-Vasiliev higher spin gravity coupled to fractional spin fields and internal gauge potentials. We also examine the model for integer or half-integer fractional spins, where infinite dimensional ideals arise and decouple, leaving finite dimensional gauge algebras gl(2 ℓ + 1) or gl( ℓ| ℓ + 1) and various real forms thereof.
Current induced torques and interfacial spin-orbit coupling: Semiclassical modeling
Haney, Paul M.
2013-05-07
In bilayer nanowires consisting of a ferromagnetic layer and a nonmagnetic layer with strong spin-orbit coupling, currents create torques on the magnetization beyond those found in simple ferromagnetic nanowires. The resulting magnetic dynamics appear to require torques that can be separated into two terms, dampinglike and fieldlike. The dampinglike torque is typically derived from models describing the bulk spin Hall effect and the spin transfer torque, and the fieldlike torque is typically derived from a Rashba model describing interfacial spin-orbit coupling. We derive a model based on the Boltzmann equation that unifies these approaches. We also consider an approximation to the Boltzmann equation, the drift-diffusion model, that qualitatively reproduces the behavior, but quantitatively differs in some regimes. We show that the Boltzmann equation with physically reasonable parameters can match the torques for any particular sample, but in some cases, it fails to describe the experimentally observed thickness dependencies.
Radical-pair model of magnetoreception with spin-orbit coupling
Lambert, Neill; Emary, Clive; Nori, Franco
2013-01-01
The mechanism used by migratory birds to orientate themselves using the geomagnetic field is still a mystery in many species. The radical pair mechanism, in which very weak magnetic fields can influence certain types of spin-dependent chemical reactions, leading to biologically observable signals, has recently imposed itself as one of the most promising candidates for certain species. This is thanks both to its extreme sensitivity and its capacity to reproduce results from behavioral studies. Still, in order to gain a directional sensitivity, an anisotropic mechanism is needed. Recent proposals have explored the possibility that such an anisotropy is due to the electron-nucleus hyperfine interaction. In this work we explore a different possibility, in which the anisotropy is due to spin-orbit coupling between the electron spin and its angular momentum. We will show how a spin-orbit-coupling-based magnetic compass can have performances comparable with the usually-studied nuclear-hyperfine based mechanism. Our ...
Direct observation of spin-orbit coupling in iron-based superconductors
Borisenko, S. V.; Evtushinsky, D. V.; Liu, Z.-H.; Morozov, I.; Kappenberger, R.; Wurmehl, S.; Büchner, B.; Yaresko, A. N.; Kim, T. K.; Hoesch, M.; Wolf, T.; Zhigadlo, N. D.
2016-04-01
Spin-orbit coupling is a fundamental interaction in solids that can induce a broad range of unusual physical properties, from topologically non-trivial insulating states to unconventional pairing in superconductors. In iron-based superconductors its role has, so far, not been considered of primary importance, with models based on spin- or orbital fluctuations pairing being used most widely. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we directly observe a sizeable spin-orbit splitting in all the main members of the iron-based superconductors. We demonstrate that its impact on the low-energy electronic structure and details of the Fermi surface topology is stronger than that of possible nematic ordering. The largest pairing gap is supported exactly by spin-orbit-coupling-induced Fermi surfaces, implying a direct relation between this interaction and the mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity.
Whangbo, Myung-Hwan; Gordon, Elijah E; Xiang, Hongjun; Koo, Hyun-Joo; Lee, Changhoon
2015-12-15
For most chemists and physicists, electron spin is merely a means needed to satisfy the Pauli principle in electronic structure description. However, the absolute orientations of spins in coordinate space can be crucial in understanding the magnetic properties of materials with unpaired electrons. At low temperature, the spins of a magnetic solid may undergo long-range magnetic ordering, which allows one to determine the directions and magnitudes of spin moments by neutron diffraction refinements. The preferred spin orientation of a magnetic ion can be predicted on the basis of density functional theory (DFT) calculations including electron correlation and spin-orbit coupling (SOC). However, most chemists and physicists are unaware of how the observed and/or calculated spin orientations are related to the local electronic structures of the magnetic ions. This is true even for most crystallographers who determine the directions and magnitudes of spin moments because, for them, they are merely the parameters needed for the diffraction refinements. The objective of this article is to provide a conceptual framework of thinking about and predicting the preferred spin orientation of a magnetic ion by examining the relationship between the spin orientation and the local electronic structure of the ion. In general, a magnetic ion M (i.e., an ion possessing unpaired spins) in a solid or a molecule is surrounded with main-group ligand atoms L to form an MLn polyhedron, where n is typically 4-6, and the d states of MLn are split because the antibonding interactions of the metal d orbitals with the p orbitals of the surrounding ligands L depend on the symmetries of the orbitals involved.1 The magnetic ion M of MLn has a certain preferred spin direction because its split d states interact among themselves under SOC.2,3 The preferred spin direction can be readily predicted on the basis of perturbation theory in which the SOC is taken as perturbation and the split d states as
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
New method to eliminate the spin-contamination in broken symmetry density functional theory (BS DFT) calculations is introduced. Unlike conventional spin-purification correction, this method is based on canonical Natural Orbitals (NO) for each high/low spin coupled electron pair. We derive an expression to extract the energy of the pure singlet state given in terms of energy of BS DFT solution, the occupation number of the bonding NO, and the energy of the higher spin state built on these bonding and antibonding NOs (not self-consistent Kohn–Sham orbitals of the high spin state). Compared to the other spin-contamination correction schemes, spin-correction is applied to each correlated electron pair individually. We investigate two binuclear Mn(IV) molecular magnets using this pairwise correction. While one of the molecules is described by magnetic orbitals strongly localized on the metal centers, and spin gap is accurately predicted by Noodleman and Yamaguchi schemes, for the other one the gap is predicted poorly by these schemes due to strong delocalization of the magnetic orbitals onto the ligands. We show our new correction to yield more accurate results in both cases. - Highlights: • Magnetic orbitails obtained for high and low spin states are not related. • Spin-purification correction becomes inaccurate for delocalized magnetic orbitals. • We use the natural orbitals of the broken symmetry state to build high spin state. • This new correction is made separately for each electron pair. • Our spin-purification correction is more accurate for delocalised magnetic orbitals
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Masunov, Artëm E., E-mail: amasunov@ucf.edu [NanoScience Technology Center, Department of Chemistry, and Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32826 (United States); Photochemistry Center RAS, ul. Novatorov 7a, Moscow 119421 (Russian Federation); Gangopadhyay, Shruba [Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); IBM Almaden Research Center, 650 Harry Road, San Jose, CA 95120 (United States)
2015-12-15
New method to eliminate the spin-contamination in broken symmetry density functional theory (BS DFT) calculations is introduced. Unlike conventional spin-purification correction, this method is based on canonical Natural Orbitals (NO) for each high/low spin coupled electron pair. We derive an expression to extract the energy of the pure singlet state given in terms of energy of BS DFT solution, the occupation number of the bonding NO, and the energy of the higher spin state built on these bonding and antibonding NOs (not self-consistent Kohn–Sham orbitals of the high spin state). Compared to the other spin-contamination correction schemes, spin-correction is applied to each correlated electron pair individually. We investigate two binuclear Mn(IV) molecular magnets using this pairwise correction. While one of the molecules is described by magnetic orbitals strongly localized on the metal centers, and spin gap is accurately predicted by Noodleman and Yamaguchi schemes, for the other one the gap is predicted poorly by these schemes due to strong delocalization of the magnetic orbitals onto the ligands. We show our new correction to yield more accurate results in both cases. - Highlights: • Magnetic orbitails obtained for high and low spin states are not related. • Spin-purification correction becomes inaccurate for delocalized magnetic orbitals. • We use the natural orbitals of the broken symmetry state to build high spin state. • This new correction is made separately for each electron pair. • Our spin-purification correction is more accurate for delocalised magnetic orbitals.
Sun, Jia-Tao; Wang, Zhengfei; Meng, S.; Du, Shixuan; Liu, F.; Gao, H.-J.
2016-09-01
Fundamental understanding of two-dimensional materials has spurred a surge in the search for topological quantum phase associated with the valley degree of freedom (VDOF). We discuss a spin-polarized version to the VDOF in which spin degeneracy is broken by the antiferromagnetic exchange coupling (LAFM) between opposite layers of the quasi-two-dimensional silicon nanomembrane (SiNM). Based on first principles calculations, we found that the LAFM state in SiNM can lead to metal-insulator transition (MIT). The broken degeneracy of spin degree of freedom in this insulating state of ultrathin SiNM may differ for different valleys, so that the SiNM can be exploited to produce the spatially separated spin and valley currents. We propose that the tunable spin-polarized valley photocurrents can be generated in an experimentally feasible ellipsometry setup. Our work shows promise for the development of spintronic and valleytronic devices compatible with current silicon industry.
Anisotropic Paramagnetic Meissner Effect by Spin-Orbit Coupling
Espedal, Camilla; Yokoyama, Takehito; Linder, Jacob
2016-03-01
Conventional s -wave superconductors repel an external magnetic field. However, a recent experiment [A. Di Bernardo et al., Phys. Rev. X 5, 041021 (2015)] has tailored the electromagnetic response of superconducting correlations via adjacent magnetic materials. We consider another route of altering the Meissner effect where spin-orbit interactions induce an anisotropic Meissner response that changes sign depending on the field orientation. The tunable electromagnetic response opens new paths in the utilization of hybrid systems comprising magnets and superconductors.
Spin-Flip Process through Double Quantum Dots Coupled to Ferromagnetic Leads
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YAN Cong-Hua; WU Shao-Quan; HUANG Rui; SUN Wei-Li
2006-01-01
@@ We investigate the spin-flip process through double quantum dots coupled to two ferromagnetic leads in series.By means of the slave-boson mean-field approximation, we calculate the density of states in the Kondo regime for two different configurations of the leads. It is found that transport shows some remarkable properties depending on the spin-flip strength. These effects may be useful in exploiting the role of electronic correlation in spintronics.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Egashira, Kazuhiro, E-mail: egashira@clusterlab.jp [East Tokyo Laboratory, Genesis Research Institute, Inc., 717-86 Futamata, Ichikawa, Chiba 272-0001 (Japan); Yamada, Yurika; Kita, Yukiumi; Tachikawa, Masanori [Quantum Chemistry Division, Yokohama City University, Seto 22-2, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0027 (Japan)
2015-02-07
The magnetic coupling of the chromium dimer cation, Cr{sub 2}{sup +}, has been an outstanding problem for decades. An optical absorption spectrum of Cr{sub 2}{sup +} has been obtained by photodissociation spectroscopy in the photon-energy range from 2.0 to 5.0 eV. Besides, calculations have been performed by the equation-of-motion coupled-cluster singles and doubles method for vertical excitation of the species. Their coincidence supports our assignment that the ground electronic state exhibits a ferromagnetic spin coupling, which is contrary to those of neutral and negatively charged dimers, Cr{sub 2} and Cr{sub 2}{sup −}, in their lowest spin states.
Indirect quantum sensors: Improving the sensitivity in characterizing very weakly coupled spins
Greiner, Johannes N; Neumann, Philipp; Wrachtrup, Jörg
2015-01-01
We propose a scheme to increase the sensitivity and thus the detection volume of nanoscale single molecule magnetic resonance imaging. The proposal aims to surpass the T1 limited detection of the sensor by taking advantage of a long-lived ancilla nuclear spin to which the sensor is coupled. We show how this nuclear spin takes over the role of the sensor spin, keeping the characteristic time-scales of detection on the same order but with a longer life-time allowing it to detect a larger volume of the sample which is not possible by the sensor alone.
Tunable Spin-Qubit Coupling Mediated by a Multielectron Quantum Dot
Srinivasa, V.; Xu, H.; Taylor, J. M.
2015-06-01
We present an approach for entangling electron spin qubits localized on spatially separated impurity atoms or quantum dots via a multielectron, two-level quantum dot. The effective exchange interaction mediated by the dot can be understood as the simplest manifestation of Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida exchange, and can be manipulated through gate voltage control of level splittings and tunneling amplitudes within the system. This provides both a high degree of tunability and a means for realizing high-fidelity two-qubit gates between spatially separated spins, yielding an experimentally accessible method of coupling donor electron spins in silicon via a hybrid impurity-dot system.
Spin waves in the soft layer of exchange-coupled soft/hard bilayers
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zheng-min Xiong
2016-05-01
Full Text Available The magnetic dynamical properties of the soft layer in exchange-coupled soft/hard bilayers have been investigated numerically using a one-dimensional atomic chain model. The frequencies and spatial profiles of spin wave eigenmodes are calculated during the magnetization reversal process of the soft layer. The spin wave modes exhibit a spatially modulated amplitude, which is especially evident for high-order modes. A dynamic pinning effect of surface magnetic moment is observed. The spin wave eigenfrequency decreases linearly with the increase of the magnetic field in the uniformly magnetized state and increases nonlinearly with field when spiral magnetization configuration is formed in the soft layer.
Spin-orbit coupling and the production of misaligned hot Jupiters via Lidov-Kozai oscillations
Storch, Natalia I.; Anderson, Kassandra R.; Lai, Dong
2015-12-01
Many hot Jupiter systems exhibit misalignment between the orbital axis of the planet and the spin axis of its host star. While this misalignment could be primordial in nature, a large fraction of hot Jupiters are found in systems with distant stellar companions, and thus could have undergone Lidov-Kozai (LK) oscillations and acquired their misalignment dynamically. Here we present a study of the effect of spin-orbit coupling during LK oscillations, and the resulting spin-orbit misalignment angle distributions. We show that spin-orbit coupling induces complex, often chaotic, behavior in the spin axis of the host star, and that this behavior depends significantly on the mass of the planet and the properties of the host star (mass and spin history). We develop a semi-analytical framework that successfully explains most of the possible stellar spin behaviors. We then present a comprehensive population synthesis of hot Jupiters created via the LK mechanism, and discuss their possible observable signatures.
Tensor coupling effects on spin symmetry in anti-Lambda spectrum of hypernuclei
Song, Chunyan; Meng, Jie
2010-01-01
The effects of $\\bar\\Lambda\\bar\\Lambda\\omega$-tensor coupling on the spin symmetry of $\\bar{\\Lambda}$ spectra in $\\bar{\\Lambda}$-nucleus systems have been studied with the relativistic mean-field theory. Taking $^{12}$C+$\\bar{\\Lambda}$ as an example, it is found that the tensor coupling enlarges the spin-orbit splittings of $\\bar\\Lambda$ by an order of magnitude although its effects on the wave functions of $\\bar{\\Lambda}$ are negligible. Similar conclusions has been observed in $\\bar{\\Lambda}$-nucleus of different mass regions, including $^{16}$O+$\\bar{\\Lambda}$, $^{40}$Ca+$\\bar{\\Lambda}$ and $^{208}$Pb+$\\bar{\\Lambda}$. It indicates that the spin symmetry in anti-lambda-nucleus systems is still good irrespective of the tensor coupling.
Excitation spectra of a Bose-Einstein condensate with an angular spin-orbit coupling
Vasić, Ivana; Balaž, Antun
2016-09-01
A theoretical model of a Bose-Einstein condensate with angular spin-orbit coupling has recently been proposed and it has been established that a half-skyrmion represents the ground state in a certain regime of spin-orbit coupling and interaction. Here we investigate low-lying excitations of this phase by using the Bogoliubov method and numerical simulations of the time-dependent Gross-Pitaevskii equation. We find that a sudden shift of the trap bottom results in a complex two-dimensional motion of the system's center of mass that is markedly different from the response of a competing phase, and comprises two dominant frequencies. Moreover, the breathing mode frequency of the half-skyrmion is set by both the spin-orbit coupling and the interaction strength, while in the competing state it takes a universal value. Effects of interactions are especially pronounced at the transition between the two phases.
Jahn-Teller and spin-orbit coupling effects in transition-metal trifluorides
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Graphical abstract: Vibronic spectra for 5E' state of MnF3 using a two-mode Jahn-Teller Hamiltonian including spin-orbit coupling. Display Omitted Highlights: → Jahn-Teller potential-energy surfaces of 5E' states of MnF3 and CoF3 calculated. → The JT coupling parameters have been determined up to sixth order. → Vibronic spectra computed with two-mode JT Hamiltonian including spin-orbit coupling. → First ab initio study of the dynamical JT effect in transition-metal trifluorides. - Abstract: The effects of linear and higher-order Jahn-Teller couplings as well as spin-orbit coupling in orbitally degenerate electronic states of the transition-metal trifluorides MnF3 and CoF3 have been systematically explored with multi-configuration ab initio methods. The adiabatic potential-energy surfaces of low-lying 5E' and 5E'' states have been calculated with the CASSCF method. The spin-orbit coupling is described by matrix elements of the Breit-Pauli operator with nonrelativistic CASSCF wave functions. The Jahn-Teller coupling parameters of the Jahn-Teller active in-plane bending and stretching modes have been determined up to sixth order and fourth order, respectively, in the normal-mode expansion. Vibronic spectra have been computed, employing a Jahn-Teller Hamiltonian up to sixth order in the degenerate bending mode and fourth order in the degenerate stretching mode. These results represent the first ab initio study of the dynamical Jahn-Teller effect in transition-metal trifluorides with inclusion of spin-orbit coupling.
Direct coupling between charge current and spin polarization by extrinsic mechanisms in graphene
Huang, Chunli; Chong, Y. D.; Cazalilla, Miguel A.
2016-08-01
Spintronics—the all-electrical control of the electron spin for quantum or classical information storage and processing—is one of the most promising applications of the two-dimensional material graphene. Although pristine graphene has negligible spin-orbit coupling (SOC), both theory and experiment suggest that SOC in graphene can be enhanced by extrinsic means, such as functionalization by adatom impurities. We present a theory of transport in graphene that accounts for the spin-coherent dynamics of the carriers, including hitherto-neglected spin precession processes taking place during resonant scattering in the dilute impurity limit. We uncover an "anisotropic spin precession" (ASP) scattering process in graphene, which contributes a large current-induced spin polarization and modifies the standard spin Hall effect. ASP scattering arises from two dimensionality and extrinsic SOC, and apart from graphene, it can be present in other 2D materials or in the surface states of 3D materials with a fluctuating SOC. Our theory also yields a comprehensive description of the spin relaxation mechanisms present in adatom-decorated graphene, including Elliot-Yafet and D'yakonov-Perel relaxation rates, the latter of which can become an amplification process in a certain parameter regime of the SOC disorder potential. Our work provides theoretical foundations for designing future graphene-based integrated spintronic devices.
Through-space (19)F-(19)F spin-spin coupling in ortho-fluoro Z-azobenzene.
Rastogi, Shiva K; Rogers, Robert A; Shi, Justin; Brown, Christopher T; Salinas, Cindy; Martin, Katherine M; Armitage, Jacob; Dorsey, Christopher; Chun, Gao; Rinaldi, Peter; Brittain, William J
2016-02-01
We report through-space (TS) (19)F-(19)F coupling for ortho-fluoro-substituted Z-azobenzenes. The magnitude of the TS-coupling constant ((TS) JFF ) ranged from 2.2-5.9 Hz. Using empirical formulas reported in the literature, these coupling constants correspond to non-bonded F-F distances (dFF) of 3.0-3.5 Å. These non-bonded distances are significantly smaller than those determined by X-ray crystallography or density functional theory, which argues that simple models of (19)F-(19)F TS spin-spin coupling solely based dFF are not applicable. (1)H, (13)C and (19)F data are reported for both the E and Z isomers of ten fluorinated azobenzenes. Density functional theory [B3YLP/6-311++G(d,p)] was used to calculate (19) F chemical shifts, and the calculated values deviated 0.3-10.0 ppm compared with experimental values.
Superfluid-Mott-insulator transition in the spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Hubbard model
Işkın, Menderes; Bölükbaşı, Ahmet Tuna
2014-01-01
PHYSICAL REVIEW A 89, 043603 (2014) Superfluid–Mott-insulator transition in the spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Hubbard model A. T. Bolukbasi and M. Iskin Department of Physics, Koc¸ University, Rumelifeneri Yolu, 34450 Sariyer, Istanbul, Turkey (Received 3 January 2014; published 4 April 2014) We consider a square optical lattice in two dimensions and study the effects of both the strength and symmetry of spin-orbit coupling and Zeeman field on the ground-state, i.e.,Mott-insulator...
Marinelli, Dimitri; Aquilanti, Vincenzo; Anderson, Roger W; Bitencourt, Ana Carla P; Ragni, Mirco
2014-01-01
A unified vision of the symmetric coupling of angular momenta and of the quantum mechanical volume operator is illustrated. The focus is on the quantum mechanical angular momentum theory of Wigner's 6j symbols and on the volume operator of the symmetric coupling in spin network approaches: here, crucial to our presentation are an appreciation of the role of the Racah sum rule and the simplification arising from the use of Regge symmetry. The projective geometry approach permits the introduction of a symmetric representation of a network of seven spins or angular momenta. Results of extensive computational investigations are summarized, presented and briefly discussed.
Synthetic dimensions and spin-orbit coupling with an optical clock transition
Livi, L F; Diem, M; Franchi, L; Clivati, C; Frittelli, M; Levi, F; Calonico, D; Catani, J; Inguscio, M; Fallani, L
2016-01-01
We demonstrate a novel way of synthesizing spin-orbit interactions in ultracold quantum gases, based on a single-photon optical clock transition coupling two long-lived electronic states of two-electron $^{173}$Yb atoms. By mapping the electronic states onto effective sites along a synthetic "electronic" dimension, we have engineered synthetic fermionic ladders with tunable magnetic fluxes. We have detected the spin-orbit coupling with fiber-link-enhanced clock spectroscopy and directly measured the emergence of chiral edge currents, probing them as a function of the magnetic field flux. These results open new directions for the investigation of topological states of matter with ultracold atomic gases.
Arbitrary optical wavefront shaping via spin-to-orbit coupling
Larocque, Hugo; Bouchard, Frédéric; Fickler, Robert; Upham, Jeremy; Boyd, Robert W; Karimi, Ebrahim
2016-01-01
Converting spin angular momentum to orbital angular momentum has been shown to be a practical and efficient method for generating optical beams carrying orbital angular momentum and possessing a space-varying polarized field. Here, we present novel liquid crystal devices for tailoring the wavefront of optical beams through the Pancharatnam-Berry phase concept. We demonstrate the versatility of these devices by generating an extensive range of optical beams such as beams carrying $\\pm200$ units of orbital angular momentum along with Bessel, Airy and Ince-Gauss beams. We characterize both the phase and the polarization properties of the generated beams, confirming our devices' performance.
Long-range carbon-proton spin-spin coupling constants in conformational analysis
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The author has collected a reliable set of data on long range 13C-1H coupling constants in aliphatic compounds and developed the use of long range 13C-1H coupling constants as a tool in the conformational analysis of aliphatic compounds. An empirical determination of the torsion angle dependence of the vicinal 13C-1H coupling constant for model compounds is described and the dependence of long range 13C-1H coupling constants on the electronegativity of substituents attached to the coupling pathway reported for the monohalogen substituted ethanes and propanes. The electronegativity dependence of the vicinal 13C-1H coupling was studied in monosubstituted propanes whose substituents are elements from the first row of the periodic table and it is shown that the vicinal 13C-1H coupling constant in aliphatic systems is a constitutive property. The geminal 13C-1H coupling constants in ethyl, isopropyl and tert-butyl compounds, which have been substituted by an element of the first row of the periodic table or a haline atom, are reported and the influence of electronegative substituents on the vicinal 13C-1H coupling constants in the individual rotamers of 13CH3-C(X)H-C(Y)H-1H fragments discussed. The application of long range 13C-1H coupling constants to the conformational analysis of CMP-N-Acetylneuraminic acid and 2,6-dichloro-1,4-oxathiane is described. (Auth.)
Cavity-Optomechanics with Spin-Orbit Coupled Spinor Bose-Einstein Condensate
Yasir, Kashif Ammar
2015-01-01
Cavity-optomechanics, an exploitation of mechanical-effects of light to couple optical-field with mechanical-objects, has made remarkable progress. Besides, spin-orbit (SO)-coupling, interaction between spin of a quantum-particle and its momentum, has provided foundation to analyze various phenomena like spin-Hall effect and topological-insulators. However, SO-coupling and corresponding topological-features have not been examined in optical-cavity with one vibrational-mirror. Here we report cavity-optomechanics with SO-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate, inducing non-Abelian gauge-field in cavity. We ascertain the influences of SO-coupling and long-range atomic-interactions on low-temperature dynamics which can be experimentally measured by maneuvering area underneath density-noise spectrum. It is detected that not only optomechanical-coupling is modifying topological properties of atomic dressed-states but SO-coupling induced topological-effects are also enabling us to control effective-temperature of mechanic...
Ferromagnetic resonance investigation of the residual coupling in spin-valve systems
Rodríguez-Suárez, R. L.; Rezende, S. M.; Azevedo, A.
2005-06-01
The ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) technique has been used to investigate the properties of spin-valve systems. We derive the FMR dispersion relation taking into account the competition that appears between the direct exchange bias coupling and the indirect interlayer coupling. For uncoupled ferromagnetic (FM) layers, the system exhibits a dispersion relation corresponding to two independent systems: a single FM layer (free layer) and an exchange-coupled bilayer (reference/antiferromagnetic layers). In the interlayer coupled regime a unidirectional anisotropy is induced in the free layer and the FMR field is overall downshifted. Both features are observed experimentally and the results are compared with the model.
Fideles, Bruna; Oliveira, Leonardo B. A.; Colherinhas, Guilherme
2016-01-01
We investigate the nuclear isotropic shielding constants and spin-spin coupling for oxygen and carbons atoms of isomers of tartaric acid in gas phase and in water solutions by Monte Carlo simulation and quantum mechanics calculations using the GIAO-B3LYP approach. Solute polarization effects are included iteratively and play an important role in the quantitative determination of shielding constants. Our MP2/aug-cc-pVTZ results show substantial increases of the dipole moment in solution as compared with the gas phase results (61-221%). The solvent effects on the σ(13O) values are in general small. More appreciable solvent effects can be seen on the σ(17O) and J(Csbnd O).
Fideles, Bruna; Colherinhas, Guilherme
2015-01-01
We investigate the nuclear isotropic shielding constants and spin-spin coupling for oxygen and carbons atoms of isomers of tartaric acid in gas phase and water solutions by Monte Carlo simulation and quantum mechanics calculations using the GIAO-B3LYP approach. Solute polarization effects are included iteratively and play an important role in the quantitative determination of shielding constants. Our MP2/aug-cc-pVTZ results show substantial increases of the dipole moment in solution as compared with the gas phase results (61-221%). The solvent effects on the {\\sigma}(13C) [J(C-C)] values are in general small. More appreciable solvent effects can be seen on the {\\sigma}(17O) and J(C-O).
Signature of Strong Spin-Orbital Coupling in the Large Nonsaturating Magnetoresistance Material WTe2
Jiang, J.; Tang, F.; Pan, X. C.; Liu, H. M.; Niu, X. H.; Wang, Y. X.; Xu, D. F.; Yang, H. F.; Xie, B. P.; Song, F. Q.; Dudin, P.; Kim, T. K.; Hoesch, M.; Das, P. Kumar; Vobornik, I.; Wan, X. G.; Feng, D. L.
2015-10-01
We report the detailed electronic structure of WTe2 by high resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We resolved a rather complicated Fermi surface of WTe2. Specifically, there are in total nine Fermi pockets, including one hole pocket at the Brillouin zone center Γ , and two hole pockets and two electron pockets on each side of Γ along the Γ -X direction. Remarkably, we have observed circular dichroism in our photoemission spectra, which suggests that the orbital angular momentum exhibits a rich texture at various sections of the Fermi surface. This is further confirmed by our density-functional-theory calculations, where the spin texture is qualitatively reproduced as the conjugate consequence of spin-orbital coupling. Since the spin texture would forbid backscatterings that are directly involved in the resistivity, our data suggest that the spin-orbit coupling and the related spin and orbital angular momentum textures may play an important role in the anomalously large magnetoresistance of WTe2. Furthermore, the large differences among spin textures calculated for magnetic fields along the in-plane and out-of-plane directions also provide a natural explanation of the large field-direction dependence on the magnetoresistance.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Guilherme Tosi
2014-08-01
Full Text Available Recent advances in silicon nanofabrication have allowed the manipulation of spin qubits that are extremely isolated from noise sources, being therefore the semiconductor equivalent of single atoms in vacuum. We investigate the possibility of directly coupling an electron spin qubit to a superconducting resonator magnetic vacuum field. By using resonators modified to increase the vacuum magnetic field at the qubit location, and isotopically purified 28Si substrates, it is possible to achieve coupling rates faster than the single spin dephasing. This opens up new avenues for circuit-quantum electrodynamics with spins, and provides a pathway for dispersive read-out of spin qubits via superconducting resonators.
The antiferromagnetic cross-coupled spin ladder: Quantum fidelity and tensor networks approach
Chen, Xi-Hao; Cho, Sam Young; Zhou, Huan-Qiang; Batchelor, Murray T.
2016-05-01
We investigate the phase diagram of the cross-coupled Heisenberg spin ladder with antiferromagnetic couplings. For this model, the results for the existence of the columnar dimer phase, which was predicted on the basis of weak coupling field theory renormalization group arguments, have been conflicting. The numerical work on this model has been based on various approaches, including exact diagonalization, series expansions and density-matrix renormalization group calculations. Using the recently-developed tensor network states and groundstate fidelity approach for quantum spin ladders, we find no evidence for the existence of the columnar dimer phase. We also provide an argument based on the symmetry of the Hamiltonian, which suggests that the phase diagram for antiferromagnetic couplings consists of a single line separating the rung-singlet and the Haldane phases.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Faber, Rasmus; Sauer, Stephan P. A.
2015-01-01
in the DALTON program, at the density functional theory level with the B3LYP functional employing also the Dalton program and at the level of coupled cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) theory employing the implementation in the CFOUR program. Specialized coupling constant basis sets, aug-cc-pVTZ-J, have been...
Spin-orbit coupling for quasi-circular coorbital bodies
Correia, Alexandre C M
2013-01-01
Coorbital bodies are observed around the Sun sharing their orbits with the planets, but also in some pairs of satellites around Saturn. The existence of coorbital planets around other stars has also been proposed. For close-in planets and satellites, the rotation slowly evolves due to dissipative tidal effects until some kind of equilibrium is reached. When the orbits are nearly circular, the rotation period is believed to always end synchronous with the orbital period. Here we demonstrate that for coorbital bodies in quasi-circular orbits, stable non-synchronous rotation is possible for a wide range of mass ratios and body shapes. We show the existence of an entirely new family of spin-orbit resonances at the frequencies $n\\pm k\
Chaos And Quantum-classical Correspondence For Two- Coupled Spins
Emerson, J V
2001-01-01
Two approaches to quantum-classical correspondence are distinguished according to the classical dynamical theory with which quantum theory is compared. The first of these, Ehrenfest correspondence, defines a dynamical regime in which the quantum expectation values follow approximately a classical trajectory. The second of these, Liouville correspondence, applies when the quantum probability distributions remain well approximated by a density in the classical phase space. The former applies only for narrow states, whereas the latter may remain valid even for quantum states that have spread to the system size. A spin model is adopted for this correspondence study because the quantum state is discrete and finite- dimensional, and thus no artificial truncation of the Hilbert space is required. The quantum time-evolution is given by a discrete unitary mapping. The corresponding classical model is volume-preserving (non-dissipative) and the time-evolution is given by a symplectic map. In classically chaotic regimes...
Vortex line of spin-orbit coupled Fermi superfluid through BCS to BEC Crossover
Yao, Juan; Zhang, Shizhong
Superfluid Fermi gases with spin-orbit interaction provides a unique opportunity to investigate possible effects of strong interaction in a topological superfluid. It has been suggested that with addition of Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling, a two-component Fermi gas with strong s-wave interaction can become a topological superfluid with zero-energy bound state at the core of the vortex. In this talk, I discuss the evolution of vortex structure in a spin-orbit coupled Fermi gas through the BCS-BEC crossover within Bogoliubov-de Genne formalism. We find that the largest critical current occurs in the BEC side of the resonance, in contradiction to the usual crossover without spin-orbit coupling where it occurs at unitarity. Furthermore, we discuss the core structure of the vortex by calculating the spin and density distribution around the vortex. Department of Physics and Centre of Theoretical and Computational Physics, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Ying-Tao; XIE Zun; LI You-Cheng
2006-01-01
We study theoretically the transmission coefficients and the spin-tunneling time in ferromagnetic/semiconductor/ferromagnetic three-terminal heterojunction in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit interaction, in which onedimensional quantum waveguide theory is developed and applied. Based on the group velocity concept and the particle current conservation principle, we calculate the spin-tunneling time as the function of the intensity of Rashba spin-orbit coupling and the length of the semiconductor. We find that as the length of the semiconductor increases, the spintunneling time does not increase linearly but shows behavior of slight oscillation. Furthermore, with the increasing of the spin-orbit coupling, the spin-tunneling time increases.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We review recent studies of the shot noise of spin-polarized charge currents and pure spin currents in multiterminal semiconductor nanostructures, while focusing on the effects brought by the intrinsic Rashba spin–orbit (SO) coupling and/or extrinsic SO scattering off impurities in two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) based devices. By generalizing the scattering theory of quantum shot noise to include the full spin-density matrix of electrons injected from a spin-filtering electrode, we show how decoherence and dephasing in the course of spin precession can lead to the substantial enhancement of the Fano factor (noise-to-current ratio) of spin-polarized charge currents. These processes are suppressed by decreasing the width of the diffusive Rashba wire, so that purely electrical measurement of the shot noise in a ferromagnet|SO-coupled-diffusive-wire|paramagnet setup can quantify the degree of quantum coherence of transported spin through a remarkable one-to-one correspondence between the purity of the spin state and the Fano factor. In four-terminal SO-coupled nanostructures, injection of unpolarized charge current through the longitudinal leads is responsible not only for the pure spin Hall current in the transverse leads, but also for nonequilibrium random time-dependent current fluctuations. The analysis of the shot noise of transverse pure spin Hall current and zero charge current, or transverse spin current and non-zero charge Hall current, driven by unpolarized or spin-polarized injected longitudinal charge current, respectively, reveals a unique experimental tool to differentiate between the intrinsic Rashba and extrinsic SO mechanisms underlying the spin Hall effect in 2DEG devices. When the intrinsic mechanisms responsible for spin precession start to dominate the spin Hall effect, they also enhance the shot noise of transverse spin and charge transport in multiterminal geometries. Finally, we discuss the shot noise of transverse spin and zero charge
Analysis of a coupled spin drift-diffusion Maxwell-Landau-Lifshitz system
Zamponi, Nicola; Jüngel, Ansgar
2016-05-01
The existence of global weak solutions to a coupled spin drift-diffusion and Maxwell-Landau-Lifshitz system is proved. The equations are considered in a two-dimensional magnetic layer structure and are supplemented with Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions. The spin drift-diffusion model for the charge density and spin density vector is the diffusion limit of a spinorial Boltzmann equation for a vanishing spin polarization constant. The Maxwell-Landau-Lifshitz system consists of the time-dependent Maxwell equations for the electric and magnetic fields and of the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation for the local magnetization, involving the interaction between magnetization and spin density vector. The existence proof is based on a regularization procedure, L2-type estimates, and Moser-type iterations which yield the boundedness of the charge and spin densities. Furthermore, the free energy is shown to be nonincreasing in time if the magnetization-spin interaction constant in the Landau-Lifshitz equation is sufficiently small.
Spin-orbit coupling in gated AlGaN/GaN 2-dimensional electron gases
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schaepers, Th.; Thillosen, N.; Cabanas, S.; Kaluza, N.; Guzenko, V.A.; Hardtdegen, H. [Institute of Bio- and Nanosystems (IBN-1), Research Centre Juelich, 52425 Juelich (Germany)
2006-07-01
Weak antilocalization was studied in an Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}N/GaN two-dimensional electron gas as a function of temperature for various gate voltages. By fitting the weak antilocalization measurements by a theoretical model we found that the spin-orbit scattering length does not vary upon changing the carrier concentration or the temperature. The occurrence of spin-orbit coupling was attributed to the crystal inversion asymmetry. The presence of beating patterns observed in the Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations were not assigned to the presence of spin-orbit coupling but rather to structural inhomogeneities in the Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}N/GaN crystal. (copyright 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)
Efficient Synchronization of Dipolarly Coupled Vortex-Based Spin Transfer Nano-Oscillators
Locatelli, Nicolas; Hamadeh, Abbass; Abreu Araujo, Flavio; Belanovsky, Anatoly D.; Skirdkov, Petr N.; Lebrun, Romain; Naletov, Vladimir V.; Zvezdin, Konstantin A.; Muñoz, Manuel; Grollier, Julie; Klein, Olivier; Cros, Vincent; de Loubens, Grégoire
2015-11-01
Due to their nonlinear properties, spin transfer nano-oscillators can easily adapt their frequency to external stimuli. This makes them interesting model systems to study the effects of synchronization and brings some opportunities to improve their microwave characteristics in view of their applications in information and communication technologies and/or to design innovative computing architectures. So far, mutual synchronization of spin transfer nano-oscillators through propagating spinwaves and exchange coupling in a common magnetic layer has been demonstrated. Here we show that the dipolar interaction is also an efficient mechanism to synchronize neighbouring oscillators. We experimentally study a pair of vortex-based spin transfer nano-oscillators, in which mutual synchronization can be achieved despite a significant frequency mismatch between oscillators. Importantly, the coupling efficiency is controlled by the magnetic configuration of the vortices, as confirmed by an analytical model and micromagnetic simulations highlighting the physics at play in the synchronization process.
SU(2) symmetry in a Hubbard model with spin-orbit coupling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG XiZheng; JIN Liang; SONG Zhi
2014-01-01
We study the underlying symmetry in a spin-orbit coupled tight-binding model with Hubbard interaction.It is shown that,in the absence of the on-site interaction,the system possesses the SU(2) symmetry arising from the time reversal symmetry.The influence of the on-site interaction on the symmetry depends on the topology of the networks:The SU(2) symmetry is shown to be the spin rotation symmetry of a simply-connected lattice even in the presence of the Hubbard interaction.On the contrary,the on-site interaction breaks the SU(2) symmetry of a multi-connected lattice.This fact indicates that a discrete spin-orbit coupled system has exclusive features from its counterpart in a continuous system.The obtained rigorous result is illustrated by a simple ring system.
Exchange Coupling Inversion in a High-Spin Organic Triradical Molecule.
Gaudenzi, R; Burzurí, E; Reta, D; Moreira, I de P R; Bromley, S T; Rovira, C; Veciana, J; van der Zant, H S J
2016-03-01
The magnetic properties of a nanoscale system are inextricably linked to its local environment. In adatoms on surfaces and inorganic layered structures, the exchange interactions result from the relative lattice positions, layer thicknesses, and other environmental parameters. Here, we report on a sample-dependent sign inversion of the magnetic exchange coupling between the three unpaired spins of an organic triradical molecule embedded in a three-terminal device. This ferro-to-antiferromagnetic transition is due to structural distortions and results in a high-to-low spin ground-state change in a molecule traditionally considered to be a robust high-spin quartet. Moreover, the flexibility of the molecule yields an in situ electric tunability of the exchange coupling via the gate electrode. These findings open a route to the controlled reversal of the magnetic states in organic molecule-based nanodevices by mechanical means, electrical gating, or chemical tailoring. PMID:26862681
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Datta, Dipayan, E-mail: datta.dipayan@gmail.com; Gauss, Jürgen, E-mail: gauss@uni-mainz.de [Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Duesbergweg 10-14, D-55128 Mainz (Germany)
2015-07-07
We report analytical calculations of isotropic hyperfine-coupling constants in radicals using a spin-adapted open-shell coupled-cluster theory, namely, the unitary group based combinatoric open-shell coupled-cluster (COSCC) approach within the singles and doubles approximation. A scheme for the evaluation of the one-particle spin-density matrix required in these calculations is outlined within the spin-free formulation of the COSCC approach. In this scheme, the one-particle spin-density matrix for an open-shell state with spin S and M{sub S} = + S is expressed in terms of the one- and two-particle spin-free (charge) density matrices obtained from the Lagrangian formulation that is used for calculating the analytic first derivatives of the energy. Benchmark calculations are presented for NO, NCO, CH{sub 2}CN, and two conjugated π-radicals, viz., allyl and 1-pyrrolyl in order to demonstrate the performance of the proposed scheme.
Measure synchronization in a spin-orbit-coupled bosonic Josephson junction
Wang, Wen-Yuan; Liu, Jie; Fu, Li-Bin
2015-11-01
We present measure synchronization (MS) in a bosonic Josephson junction with spin-orbit coupling. The two atomic hyperfine states are coupled by a Raman dressing scheme, and they are regarded as two orientations of a pseudo-spin-1 /2 system. A feature specific to a spin-orbit-coupled (SOC) bosonic Josephson junction is that the transition from non-MS to MS dynamics can be modulated by Raman laser intensity, even in the absence of interspin atomic interaction. A phase diagram of non-MS and MS dynamics as functions of Raman laser intensity and Josephson tunneling amplitude is presented. Taking into account interspin atomic interactions, the system exhibits MS breaking dynamics resulting from the competition between intraspin and interspin atomic interactions. When interspin atomic interactions dominate in the competition, the system always exhibits MS dynamics. For interspin interaction weaker than intraspin interaction, a window for non-MS dynamics is present. Since SOC Bose-Einstein condensates provide a powerful platform for studies on physical problems in various fields, the study of MS dynamics is valuable in researching the collective coherent dynamical behavior in a spin-orbit-coupled bosonic Josephson junction.
Numerical estimation of the $\\beta$-function in 2D systems with spin-orbit coupling
Asada, Yoichi; Slevin, Keith; Ohtsuki, Tomi
2004-01-01
We report a numerical study of Anderson localization in a 2D system of non-interacting electrons with spin-orbit coupling. We analyze the scaling of the renormalized localization length for the 2D SU(2) model and estimate its $\\beta$-function over the full range from the localized to the metallic limits.
Spin-Orbit Coupling, Antilocalization, and Parallel Magnetic Fields in Quantum Dots
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zumbuhl, D.; Miller, Jessica; M. Marcus, C.;
2002-01-01
We investigate antilocalization due to spin-orbit coupling in ballistic GaAs quantum dots. Antilocalization that is prominent in large dots is suppressed in small dots, as anticipated theoretically. Parallel magnetic fields suppress both antilocalization and also, at larger fields, weak...
Double Barrier Resonant Tunneling in Spin-Orbit Coupled Bose—Einstein Condensates
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the double barrier tunneling properties of Dirac particles in spin-orbit coupled Bose—Einstein Condensates. The analytic expression of the transmission coefficient of Dirac particles penetrating into a double barrier is obtained. An interesting resonance tunneling phenomenon is discovered in the Klein block region which has been ignored before
Scattering framework for two particles with isotropic spin-orbit coupling applicable to all energies
Guan, Q.; Blume, D.
2016-08-01
Previous work developed a K -matrix formalism applicable to positive energies for the scattering between two s -wave interacting particles with two internal states, isotropic spin-orbit coupling and vanishing center-of-mass momentum [H. Duan, L. You, and B. Gao, Phys. Rev. A 87, 052708 (2013)., 10.1103/PhysRevA.87.052708]. This work extends the formalism to the entire energy regime. Explicit solutions are obtained for the total angular momentum J =0 and 1 channels. The behavior of the partial cross sections in the negative energy regime is analyzed in detail. We find that the leading contributions to the partial cross sections at the negative energy thresholds are governed by the spin-orbit coupling strength kso and the mass ratio. The fact that these contributions are independent of the two-body scattering length as is a direct consequence of the effective reduction of the dimensionality, and hence of the density of states, near the scattering thresholds due to the single-particle spin-orbit coupling terms. The results are analytically continued to the energy regime where bound states exist. It is shown that our results are consistent with results obtained by alternative approaches. Our formulation, which can be regarded as an extension of the standard textbook partial wave decomposition, can be generalized to two-body systems with other types of spin-orbit coupling, including cases where the center-of-mass momentum does not vanish.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gofryk, K. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Jaime, M. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). National High Magnetic Field Lab. (MagLab)
2014-12-01
Our preliminary magnetostriction measurements have already shown a strong interplay of lattice dynamic and magnetism in both antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic states, and give unambiguous evidence of strong spin- phonon coupling in uranium dioxide. Further studies are planned to address the puzzling behavior of UO_{2} in magnetic and paramagnetic states and details of the spin-phonon coupling.
Ruangsri, Uchupol; Vigeland, Sarah J.; Hughes, Scott A.
2015-01-01
A small body orbiting a black hole follows a trajectory that, at leading order, is a geodesic of the black hole spacetime. Much effort has gone into computing "self force" corrections to this motion, arising from the small body's own contributions to the system's spacetime. Another correction to the motion arises from coupling of the small body's spin to the black hole's spacetime curvature. Spin-curvature coupling drives a precession of the small body, and introduces a "force" (relative to t...
Spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensates in a double well
Citro, Roberta; Naddeo, Adele
2014-01-01
We study the quantum dynamics of a spin-orbit (SO) coupled Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in a double-well potential inspired by the experimental protocol recently developed by NIST group. We focus on the regime where the number of atoms is very large and perform a two-mode approximation. An analytical solution of the two-site Bose-Hubbard-like Hamiltonian is found for several limiting cases, which range from a strong Raman coupling to a strong Josephson coupling, ending with the complete mod...
A state interaction spin-orbit coupling density matrix renormalization group method
Sayfutyarova, Elvira R.; Chan, Garnet Kin-Lic
2016-06-01
We describe a state interaction spin-orbit (SISO) coupling method using density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) wavefunctions and the spin-orbit mean-field (SOMF) operator. We implement our DMRG-SISO scheme using a spin-adapted algorithm that computes transition density matrices between arbitrary matrix product states. To demonstrate the potential of the DMRG-SISO scheme we present accurate benchmark calculations for the zero-field splitting of the copper and gold atoms, comparing to earlier complete active space self-consistent-field and second-order complete active space perturbation theory results in the same basis. We also compute the effects of spin-orbit coupling on the spin-ladder of the iron-sulfur dimer complex [Fe2S2(SCH3)4]3-, determining the splitting of the lowest quartet and sextet states. We find that the magnitude of the zero-field splitting for the higher quartet and sextet states approaches a significant fraction of the Heisenberg exchange parameter.
Vortex structures of rotating spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider the quasi-two-dimensional two-component Bose-Einstein condensates with Rashba spin-orbit (SO) coupling in a rotating trap. The rotation angular velocity couples to the mechanical angular momentum, which contains a noncanonical part arising from SO coupling. The effects of an external Zeeman term favoring spin polarization along the radial direction is also considered, which has the same form as the noncanonical part of the mechanical angular momentum. The rotating condensate exhibits a variety of rich structures by varying the strengths of the trapping potential and interaction. With a strong trapping potential, the condensate exhibits a half-quantum vortex-lattice configuration. Such a configuration is driven to the normal one by introducing the external radial Zeeman field. In the case of a weak trap potential, the condensate exhibits a multidomain pattern of plane-wave states under the external radial Zeeman field.
Viesser, Renan V; Ducati, Lucas C; Autschbach, Jochen; Tormena, Cláudio F
2016-08-24
The dependence of the magnitude and sign of (3)JHFF on the bond angle in fluoro-cycloalkene compounds is evaluated by electronic structure calculations using different levels of theory, viz. DFT, SOPPA(CCSD) and SOPPA(CC2). Localized molecular orbital contributions to (3)JHFF are analyzed to assess which orbitals are responsible for (3)JHFF and which are the most important coupling transmission mechanisms for each compound. Fluoro-ethylene is used as a model system to evaluate the dependence of the (3)JHFF coupling constant on the angle between the σCα-F and σCα'-HF vectors. Through-space and hyperconjugative transmission pathways and ring strain are identified as responsible for the opposite trend between (3)JHFF and bond angle, and for the negative signs obtained for the two molecules, respectively. One of the fluorine lone pairs, σCα'-HF, σCα-F, σCα'-Cβ' bonding orbitals and the σ*Cα-F antibonding orbital are involved in the J-coupling pathways, according to analyses of pairwise-steric and hyperconjugative energies.
Spin-coupled charge dynamics in layered manganite crystals
Tokura, Y; Ishikawa, T
1998-01-01
Anisotropic charge dynamics has been investigated for single crystals of layered manganites, La sub 2 sub - sub 2 sub x Sr sub 1 sub + sub 2 sub x Mn sub 2 O sub 7 (0.3<=X<=0.5). Remarkable variations in the magnetic structure and in the charge-transport properties are observed by changing the doping level x . A crystal with x = 0.3 behaves like a 2-dimensional ferromagnetic metal in the temperature region between approx 90 K and approx 270 K and shows an interplane tunneling magnetoresistance at lower temperatures which is sensitive to the interplane magnetic coupling between the adjacent MnO sub 2 bilayers. Optical probing of these layered manganites has also clarified the highly anisotropic and incoherent charge dynamics.
Spin initialization of a p-doped quantum dot coupled to a bowtie nanoantenna
Carreño, F.; Arrieta-Yáñez, Francisco; Antón, M. A.
2015-05-01
The spin initialization of a hybrid system consisting of a p-doped semiconductor quantum dot coupled to a gold bowtie nanoantenna is analyzed. The quantum dot is described as a four-level atom-like system using the density matrix formalism. The two lower levels are Zeeman-split hole spin states and the two upper levels correspond to positively charged excitons with spin-up, spin-down hole pair and opposite spin electron. The gold bowtie nanoantenna is placed in close proximity to the quantum dot. A linearly polarized laser field drives two of the optical transitions of the quantum dot and produces localized surface charge oscillations in the nanoantenna which act back upon the quantum dot thus changing the effective field felt by it. The angular frequencies of those charge oscillations are very different along its two principal axes, resulting in an anisotropic modification of the spontaneous emission rates of the allowed optical transitions of the quantum dot. These changes are accounted for by using the Green tensor method, and result in a faster spin state initialization than that of the isolated quantum dot. We also show that the presence of the nanoantenna dramatically modifies the optical properties of the fluorescent photons, either in the spectral or in the time domain.
Spin-flip process through double quantum dots coupled to two half-metallic ferromagnetic leads
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yan Cong-Hua; Wu Shao-Quan; Huang Rui; Sun Wei-Li
2008-01-01
We investigate the spin-flip process through double quantum dots coupled to two half-metallic ferromagnetic leads in series.By means of the slave-boson mean-field approximation,we calculate the density of states in the Kondo regime for two different configurations of the leads.It is found that the transport shows some remarkable properties depending on the spin-flip strength.These effects may be useful in exploiting the role of electronic correlation in spintronics.
Spin-Lattice-Coupled Order in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets on the Pyrochlore Lattice
Aoyama, Kazushi; Kawamura, Hikaru
2016-06-01
Effects of local lattice distortions on the spin ordering are investigated for the antiferromagnetic classical Heisenberg model on the pyrochlore lattice. It is found by Monte Carlo simulations that the spin-lattice coupling (SLC) originating from site phonons induces a first-order transition into two different types of collinear magnetic ordered states. The state realized at the stronger SLC is cubic symmetric characterized by the magnetic (1/2 ,1/2 ,1/2 ) Bragg peaks, while that at the weaker SLC is tetragonal symmetric characterized by the (1,1,0) ones, each accompanied by the commensurate local lattice distortions. Experimental implications to chromium spinels are discussed.
Giant electrothermal conductivity and spin-phonon coupling in an antiferromagnetic oxide.
Chiorescu, C; Neumeier, J J; Cohn, J L
2008-12-19
The application of weak electric fields ( less, similar 100 V/cm) is found to dramatically enhance the lattice thermal conductivity of the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO3 over a broad range of temperature about the Néel ordering point (125 K). The effect is coincident with field-induced detrapping of bound electrons, suggesting that phonon scattering associated with short- and long-ranged antiferromagnetic order is suppressed in the presence of the mobilized charge. This interplay between bound charge and spin-phonon coupling might allow for the reversible control of spin fluctuations using weak external fields.
Spin-Polarized Transport through Parallel Double Quantum Dots Coupled to Ferromagnetic Leads
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HOU Tao; WU Shao-Quan; BI Ai-Hua; YANG Fu-Bin; SUN Wei-Li
2008-01-01
We theoretically study the spin-polarized transport phenomena of the parallel double quantum dots coupled to two ferromagnetic leads by the Anderson Hamiltonian. The Hamiltonian is solved by means of the equation-of-motion approach. We analyse the transmission probability of this system in both the equilibrium and nonequilibrium cases, and our results reveal that the transport properties show some noticeable characteristics depending upon both the spin-polarized strength p and the value of the magnetic flux Ф. Moreover, in the parallel configuration, the position of the Kondo peak shifts while it remains unchanged for the antiparallel configuration. These effects might have some potential applications in spintronics.
Recent progress on correlated electron systems with strong spin-orbit coupling.
Schaffer, Robert; Kin-Ho Lee, Eric; Yang, Bohm-Jung; Kim, Yong Baek
2016-09-01
The emergence of novel quantum ground states in correlated electron systems with strong spin-orbit coupling has been a recent subject of intensive studies. While it has been realized that spin-orbit coupling can provide non-trivial band topology in weakly interacting electron systems, as in topological insulators and semi-metals, the role of electron-electron interaction in strongly spin-orbit coupled systems has not been fully understood. The availability of new materials with significant electron correlation and strong spin-orbit coupling now makes such investigations possible. Many of these materials contain 5d or 4d transition metal elements; the prominent examples are iridium oxides or iridates. In this review, we succinctly discuss recent theoretical and experimental progress on this subject. After providing a brief overview, we focus on pyrochlore iridates and three-dimensional honeycomb iridates. In pyrochlore iridates, we discuss the quantum criticality of the bulk and surface states, and the relevance of the surface/boundary states in a number of topological and magnetic ground states, both in the bulk and thin film configurations. Experimental signatures of these boundary and bulk states are discussed. Domain wall formation and strongly-direction-dependent magneto-transport are also discussed. In regard to the three-dimensional honeycomb iridates, we consider possible quantum spin liquid phases and unusual magnetic orders in theoretical models with strongly bond-dependent interactions. These theoretical ideas and results are discussed in light of recent resonant x-ray scattering experiments on three-dimensional honeycomb iridates. We also contrast these results with the situation in two-dimensional honeycomb iridates. We conclude with the outlook on other related systems. PMID:27540689
Recent progress on correlated electron systems with strong spin-orbit coupling
Schaffer, Robert; Kin-Ho Lee, Eric; Yang, Bohm-Jung; Kim, Yong Baek
2016-09-01
The emergence of novel quantum ground states in correlated electron systems with strong spin-orbit coupling has been a recent subject of intensive studies. While it has been realized that spin-orbit coupling can provide non-trivial band topology in weakly interacting electron systems, as in topological insulators and semi-metals, the role of electron-electron interaction in strongly spin-orbit coupled systems has not been fully understood. The availability of new materials with significant electron correlation and strong spin-orbit coupling now makes such investigations possible. Many of these materials contain 5d or 4d transition metal elements; the prominent examples are iridium oxides or iridates. In this review, we succinctly discuss recent theoretical and experimental progress on this subject. After providing a brief overview, we focus on pyrochlore iridates and three-dimensional honeycomb iridates. In pyrochlore iridates, we discuss the quantum criticality of the bulk and surface states, and the relevance of the surface/boundary states in a number of topological and magnetic ground states, both in the bulk and thin film configurations. Experimental signatures of these boundary and bulk states are discussed. Domain wall formation and strongly-direction-dependent magneto-transport are also discussed. In regard to the three-dimensional honeycomb iridates, we consider possible quantum spin liquid phases and unusual magnetic orders in theoretical models with strongly bond-dependent interactions. These theoretical ideas and results are discussed in light of recent resonant x-ray scattering experiments on three-dimensional honeycomb iridates. We also contrast these results with the situation in two-dimensional honeycomb iridates. We conclude with the outlook on other related systems.
Ruangsri, Uchupol; Vigeland, Sarah J.; Hughes, Scott A.
2016-08-01
A small body orbiting a black hole follows a trajectory that, at leading order, is a geodesic of the black hole spacetime. Much effort has gone into computing "self-force" corrections to this motion, arising from the small body's own contributions to the system's spacetime. Another correction to the motion arises from coupling of the small body's spin to the black hole's spacetime curvature. Spin-curvature coupling drives a precession of the small body, and introduces a "force" (relative to the geodesic) which shifts the small body's worldline. These effects scale with the small body's spin at leading order. In this paper, we show that the equations which govern spin-curvature coupling can be analyzed with a frequency-domain decomposition, at least to leading order in the small body's spin. We show how to compute the frequency of precession along generic orbits, and how to describe the small body's precession and motion in the frequency domain. We illustrate this approach with a number of examples. This approach is likely to be useful for understanding spin coupling effects in the extreme mass ratio limit, and may provide insight into modeling spin effects in the strong field for nonextreme mass ratios.
Spin- and valley-coupled electronic states in monolayer WSe{sub 2} on bilayer graphene
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sugawara, K.; Souma, S. [WPI Research Center, Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Sato, T.; Tanaka, Y. [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Takahashi, T. [WPI Research Center, Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan)
2015-08-17
We have fabricated a high-quality monolayer WSe{sub 2} film on bilayer graphene by epitaxial growth and revealed the electronic states by spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We observed a direct energy gap at the Brillouin-zone corner in contrast to the indirect nature of gap in bulk WSe{sub 2}, which is attributed to the lack of interlayer interaction and the breaking of space-inversion symmetry in monolayer film. A giant spin splitting of ∼0.5 eV, which is the largest among known monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides, is observed in the energy band around the zone corner. The present results suggest a high potential applicability of WSe{sub 2} to develop advanced devices based with the coupling of spin- and valley-degrees of freedom.
Indirect exchange interaction in Rashba-spin-orbit-coupled graphene nanoflakes
Nikoofard, Hossein; Semiromi, Ebrahim Heidari
2016-10-01
We study the indirect exchange interaction, named Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) coupling, between localized magnetic impurities in graphene nanoflakes with zig-zag edges in the presence of the Rashba spin-orbit interaction (RSOI). We calculate the isotropic and anisotropic RKKY amplitudes by utilizing the tight-binding (TB) model. The RSOI, as a gate tunable variable, is responsible for changes of the RKKY amplitude. We conclude that there is not any switching of the magnetic order (from ferro- to antiferro-magnetic and vice versa) in such a system through the RSOI. The dependence of the RKKY amplitude on the positions of the magnetic impurities and the size of the system is studied. The symmetry breaking, which can occur due to the Rashba interaction, leads to spatial anisotropy in the RKKY amplitude and manifests as collinear and noncollinear terms. Our results show the possibility of control and manipulation of spin correlations in carbon spin-based nanodevices.
Conductance for a Quantum Wire with Weak Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Gen-Hua; ZHOU Guang-Hui
2005-01-01
@@ We theoretically study the low temperature electron transport properties of a weak Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC) semiconductor quantum wire connected nonadiabatically to two electrode leads without SOC. The wire and the leads are defined by a parabolic confining potential, and the influence of both the wire-lead connection and the Rashba SOC on the electron transport is treated analytically by means of scattering matrix within effective free-electron approximation. From analytical analysis and numerical examples, we find that the system shows some fractional quantum conductance behaviour, and for some particular wire width a pure spin polarized current exists. Our result may imply a simple method for the design of a spin filter without involving any magnetic materials or magnetic fields.
Bose-Bose mixtures with synthetic spin-orbit coupling in optical lattices
He, Liang; Ji, Anchun; Hofstetter, Walter
2015-08-01
We investigate the ground-state properties of Bose-Bose mixtures with Rashba-type spin-orbit (SO) coupling in a square lattice. The system displays rich physics from the deep Mott insulator (MI) all the way to the superfluid (SF) regime. In the deep MI regime, exotic spin-ordered phases arise due to the effective Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya type of superexchange interactions. By employing the nonperturbative bosonic dynamical mean-field theory (BDMFT), we numerically study and establish the stability of these magnetic phases against increasing hopping amplitude. We show that as hopping is increased across the MI to SF transition, exotic superfluid phases with magnetic textures emerge. In particular, we identify an exotic spin-spiral magnetic texture with spatial period 3 in the superfluid close to the MI-SF transition.
Probing the C₆₀ triplet state coupling to nuclear spins inside and out.
Filidou, Vasileia; Mamone, Salvatore; Simmons, Stephanie; Karlen, Steven D; Anderson, Harry L; Kay, Christopher W M; Bagno, Alessandro; Rastrelli, Federico; Murata, Yasujiro; Komatsu, Koichi; Lei, Xuegong; Li, Yongjun; Turro, Nicholas J; Levitt, Malcolm H; Morton, John J L
2013-09-13
The photoexcitation of functionalized fullerenes to their paramagnetic triplet electronic state can be studied by pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, whereas the interactions of this state with the surrounding nuclear spins can be observed by a related technique: electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR). In this study, we present EPR and ENDOR studies on a functionalized exohedral fullerene system, dimethyl[9-hydro (C60-Ih)[5,6]fulleren-1(9H)-yl]phosphonate (DMHFP), where the triplet electron spin has been used to hyperpolarize, couple and measure two nuclear spins. We go on to discuss the extension of these methods to study a new class of endohedral fullerenes filled with small molecules, such as H₂@C₆₀, and we relate the results to density functional calculations. PMID:23918718
Sub-Ohmic spin-boson model with off-diagonal coupling: ground state properties.
Lü, Zhiguo; Duan, Liwei; Li, Xin; Shenai, Prathamesh M; Zhao, Yang
2013-10-28
We have carried out analytical and numerical studies of the spin-boson model in the sub-ohmic regime with the influence of both the diagonal and the off-diagonal coupling accounted for, via the Davydov D1 variational ansatz. While a second-order phase transition is known to be exhibited by this model in the presence of diagonal coupling only, we demonstrate the emergence of a discontinuous first order phase transition upon incorporation of the off-diagonal coupling. A plot of the ground state energy versus magnetization highlights the discontinuous nature of the transition between the isotropic (zero magnetization) state and nematic (finite magnetization) phases. We have also calculated the entanglement entropy and a discontinuity found at a critical coupling strength further supports the discontinuous crossover in the spin-boson model in the presence of off-diagonal coupling. It is further revealed via a canonical transformation approach that for the special case of identical exponents for the spectral densities of the diagonal and the off-diagonal coupling, there exists a continuous crossover from a single localized phase to doubly degenerate localized phase with differing magnetizations.
Exploring the Top-Higgs FCNC Couplings at Polarized Linear Colliders with Top Spin Observables
Melić, Blaženka
2016-01-01
We study the nature of the flavor changing neutral couplings of the top quark with the Higgs boson and the up/charm quark in the $t\\bar{t}$ production at linear colliders. There are previous bounds on such tqH couplings at both, linear and hadronic colliders, with the assumption that it couples equally to the left and the right handed fermions. In this paper we examine the chirality of the tqH coupling and construct different observables which will be sensitive to it. The kinematics of the emitted q from t $\\rightarrow$ qH in $t\\bar{t}$ production is discussed and it was found that the polar angle distribution of q is sensitive to the chiral nature of tqH couplings. The observables in the context of top-antitop spin correlations, which are sensitive to new physics in the top decay are considered using different spin-quantization bases. It was found that in particular the off-diagonal basis can be useful to distinguish among the chiral tqH couplings. The sensitivity of the unpolarized ILC in probing the coupli...
Experimental study on the spin-orbit coupling property in low-dimensional semiconductor structures
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The spin-orbit coupling and optical properties have been studied in several low-dimensional semiconductor structures. First, the spin dynamics in (001) GaAs/AlGaAs two-dimensional electron gas was investigated by time resolved Kerr rotation technique under a transverse magnetic field. The in-plane spin lifetime is found to be anisotropic. The results show that the electron density in two-dimensional electron gas channel strongly affects the Rashba spin-orbit coupling. Then, a large anisotropy of the magnitude of in-plane conduction electron g factor in asymmetric (001) GaAs/AlGaAs QWs was observed and its tendency of temperature dependence was studied. Second, the experimental study of the in-plane-orientation dependent spin splitting in the C(0001) GaN/AlGaN two-dimensional electron gas at room temperature was reported. The measurement of circular photo-galvanic effect current clearly shows the isotropic in-plane spin splitting in this system for the first time. Third, the first measurement of conduction electron g factor in GaAsN at room temperature was done by using time resolved Kerr rotation technique. It demonstrates that the g factor can be modified drastically by introducing a small amount of nitrogen in GaAs bulk. Finally, the optical characteristic of indirect type II transition in a series of size and shape-controlled linear CdTe/CdSe/CdTe heterostructure nano-rods was studied by steady-state and time resolved photoluminescence. Results show the steady transfer from the direct optical transition (type I) within CdSe to the indirect transition (type II) between CdSe/CdTe as the length of the nano-rods increases. (author)
Radical-pair model of magnetoreception with spin-orbit coupling
Lambert, Neill; De Liberato, Simone; Emary, Clive; Nori, Franco
2013-08-01
The mechanism used by migratory birds to orientate themselves using the geomagnetic field is still a mystery in many species. The radical pair mechanism, in which very weak magnetic fields can influence certain types of spin-dependent chemical reactions, leading to biologically observable signals, has recently imposed itself as one of the most promising candidates for certain species. This is thanks both to its extreme sensitivity and its capacity to reproduce results from behavioral studies. Still, in order to gain a directional sensitivity, an anisotropic mechanism is needed. Recent proposals have explored the possibility that such an anisotropy is due to the electron-nucleus hyperfine interaction. In this work we explore a different possibility, in which the anisotropy is due to spin-orbit coupling between the electron spin and its angular momentum. We will show how a spin-orbit coupling-based magnetic compass can have performances comparable with the usually studied nuclear hyperfine based mechanism. Our results could thus help researchers actively looking for candidate biological molecules which may host magnetoreceptive functions, both to describe magnetoreception in birds as well as to develop artificial chemical compass systems.
Zitterbewegung with spin-orbit coupled ultracold atoms in a fluctuating optical lattice
Argonov, V. Yu; Makarov, D. V.
2016-09-01
The dynamics of non-interacting ultracold atoms with artificial spin-orbit coupling is considered. Spin-orbit coupling is created using two moving optical lattices with orthogonal polarizations. Our main goal is to study influence of lattice noise on Rabi oscillations. Special attention is paid to the phenomenon of the Zitterbewegung being trembling motion caused by Rabi transitions between states with different velocities. Phase and amplitude fluctuations of lattices are modelled by means of the two-dimensional stochastic Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process, also known as harmonic noise. In the the noiseless case the problem is solved analytically in terms of the momentum representation. It is shown that lattice noise significantly extends duration of the Zitterbewegung as compared to the noiseless case. This effect originates from noise-induced decoherence of Rabi oscillations.
Bound States of the Spin-Orbit Coupled Ultra-Cold Atoms
Jursenas, Rytis; Ruseckas, Julius; Juzeliunas, Gediminas; Spielman, Ian
2013-05-01
Motivated by recent theoretical and experimental research, we consider the Hamiltonian for the one-dimensional atomic center of mass motion with the spin-orbit and Raman coupling included. The Hamiltonian is perturbed by a short-range potential describing the impurity scattering. We concentrate on the bound state problem, though the continuous spectrum of the Hamiltonian is of interest as well. We model the potential in terms of the Dirac delta function. By taking into account a correct treatment of the Dirac deltas, we construct the associated self-adjoint operators and show that the number of bound states of the Hamiltonian under consideration is highly dependent on the treatment of the eigenfunctions at a zero point. Additionally, we establish all possible bound states and present their behavior in various regimes of both the spin-orbit and the Raman coupling.
Hidden long-range order in a two-dimensional spin-orbit coupled Bose gas
Su, Shih-Wei; Gou, Shih-Chuan; Liao, Renyuan; Fialko, Oleksandr; Brand, Joachim
2016-01-01
A two-dimensional spin-orbit coupled Bose gas is shown to simultaneously possess quasi and true long-range orders in the total and relative phases, respectively. The total phase undergoes a conventional Berenzinskii- Kosterlitz-Thouless transition, where an quasi long-range order is expected. Additionally, the relative phase undergoes an Ising-type transition building up true long-range order, which is induced by the anisotropic spin- orbit coupling. Based on the Bogoliubov approach, expressions for the total- and relative-phase fluctuations are derived analytically for the low temperature regime. Numerical simulations of the stochastic projected Gross- Pitaevskii equation give a good agreement with the analytical predictions.
Simulating Chiral Magnetic and Separation Effects with Spin-Orbit Coupled Atomic Gases.
Huang, Xu-Guang
2016-01-01
The chiral magnetic and chiral separation effects-quantum-anomaly-induced electric current and chiral current along an external magnetic field in parity-odd quark-gluon plasma-have received intense studies in the community of heavy-ion collision physics. We show that analogous effects occur in rotating trapped Fermi gases with Weyl-Zeeman spin-orbit coupling where the rotation plays the role of an external magnetic field. These effects can induce a mass quadrupole in the atomic cloud along the rotation axis which may be tested in future experiments. Our results suggest that the spin-orbit coupled atomic gases are potential simulators of the chiral magnetic and separation effects. PMID:26868084
Two-dimensional lattice solitons in polariton condensates with spin-orbit coupling
Kartashov, Yaroslav V
2016-01-01
We study two-dimensional fundamental and vortex solitons in polariton condensates with spin-orbit coupling and Zeeman splitting evolving in square arrays of microcavity pillars. Due to repulsive excitonic nonlinearity such states are encountered in finite gaps in the spectrum of the periodic array. Spin-orbit coupling between two polarization components stemming from TE-TM energy splitting of the cavity photons acting together with Zeeman splitting lifts the degeneracy between vortex solitons with opposite topological charges and makes their density profiles different for a fixed energy. This results in formation of four distinct families of vortex solitons with topological charges m=+-1, all of which can be stable. At the same time, only two stable families of fundamental gap solitons characterized by domination of different polarization components are encountered.
Rusakova, Irina L; Rusakov, Yury Yu; Krivdin, Leonid B
2016-01-01
Indirect relativistic bridge effect (IRBE) and indirect relativistic substituent effect (IRSE) induced by the 'heavy' environment of the IV-th, V-th and VI-th main group elements on the one-bond and geminal (13)C-(1)H spin-spin coupling constants are observed, and spin-orbit parts of these two effects were interpreted in terms of the third-order Rayleigh-Schrödinger perturbation theory. Both effects, IRBE and IRSE, rapidly increase with the total atomic charge of the substituents at the coupled carbon. The accumulation of IRSE for geminal coupling constants is not linear with respect to the number of substituents in contrast to the one-bond couplings where IRSE is an essentially additive quantity. PMID:26352434
Shuang-Qing, W; Shuang-Qing, Wu; Mu-Lin, Yan
2003-01-01
The Hawking radiation of Weyl neutrinos in an arbitrarily accelerating Kinnersley black hole is investigated by using a method of the generalized tortoise coordinate transformation. Both the location and temperature of the event horizon depend on the time and on the angles. They coincide with previous results, but the thermal radiation spectrum of massless spinor particles displays a kind of spin-acceleration coupling effect.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吴双清; 闫沐霖
2003-01-01
The Hawking radiation of Weyl neutrinos in an arbitrarily accelerating Kinnersley black hole is investigated using a method of the generalized tortoise coordinate transformation.Both the location and temperature of the event horizon depend on the time and on the angles.They are in agreement with the previous results,but thethermal radiation spectrum of massless spinor particles displays a type of spin-acceleration coupling effect.
Field effects on the vortex states in spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensates
Xu, Liang-Liang; Liu, Yong-Kai; Feng, Shiping; Yang, Shi-Jie
2016-06-01
Multi-quantum vortices can be created in the ground state of rotating Bose-Einstein condensates with spin-orbit couplings. We investigate the effects of external fields, either a longitudinal field or a transverse field, on the vortex states. We reveal that both fields can effectively reduce the number of vortices. In the latter case we further find that the condensate density packets are pushed away in the horizontal direction and the vortices finally disappear to form a plane wave phase.
Effect of Spin-Orbit Coupling on Kondo Phenomena in $f^7$-Electron Systems
Hotta, Takashi
2015-01-01
In order to promote our basic understanding on the Kondo behavior recently observed in europium compounds, we analyze an impurity Anderson model with seven $f$ electrons at an impurity site by employing a numerical renormalization group method. The local part of the model consists of Coulomb interactions among $f$ electrons, spin-orbit coupling $\\lambda$, and crystalline electric field (CEF) potentials, while we consider the hybridization $V$ between local $f$ electrons and single-band conduc...
Lijewski, S; Goslar, J; Hoffmann, S K
2006-07-01
The electron spin-lattice relaxation of Cu(2+) has been studied by the electron spin echo technique in the temperature range 4.2-115 K in triglycine sulfate (TGS) family crystals. Assuming that the relaxation is due to Raman relaxation processes the Debye temperature Θ(D) was determined as 190 K for TGS, 168 K for triglycine selenate (TGSe) and 179 K for triglycine fluoroberyllate (TGFB). We also calculated the Θ(D) values from the sound velocities derived from available elastic constants. The elastic Debye temperatures were found as 348 K for TGS, 288 K for TGSe and 372 K for TGFB. The results shown good agreement with specific heat data for TGS. The elastic Θ(D) are considerably larger than those determined from the Raman spin-lattice relaxation. The possible reasons for this discrepancy are discussed. We propose to use a modified expression describing two-phonon Raman relaxation with a single variable only (Θ(D)) after elimination of the sound velocity. Moreover, we show that the relaxation data can be fitted using the elastic Debye temperature value as a constant with an additional relaxation process contributing at low temperatures. This mechanism can be related to a local mode of the Cu(2+) defect in the host lattice. Electron paramagnetic resonance g-factors and hyperfine splitting were analysed in terms of the molecular orbital theory and the d-orbital energies and covalency factors of the Cu(gly)(2) complexes were found. Using the structural data and calculated orbital energies the spin-phonon coupling matrix element of the second-order Raman process was calculated as 553 cm(-1) for TGS, 742 cm(-1) for TGSe and 569 cm(-1) for TGFB. PMID:21690828
Altintas, Ferdi; Müstecaplıoǧlu, Ã.-zgür E.
2015-08-01
We investigate a quantum heat engine with a working substance of two particles, one with a spin-1 /2 and the other with an arbitrary spin (spin s ), coupled by Heisenberg exchange interaction, and subject to an external magnetic field. The engine operates in a quantum Otto cycle. Work harvested in the cycle and its efficiency are calculated using quantum thermodynamical definitions. It is found that the engine has higher efficiencies at higher spins and can harvest work at higher exchange interaction strengths. The role of exchange coupling and spin s on the work output and the thermal efficiency is studied in detail. In addition, the engine operation is analyzed from the perspective of local work and efficiency. We develop a general formalism to explore local thermodynamics applicable to any coupled bipartite system. Our general framework allows for examination of local thermodynamics even when global parameters of the system are varied in thermodynamic cycles. The generalized definitions of local and cooperative work are introduced by using mean field Hamiltonians. The general conditions for which the global work is not equal to the sum of the local works are given in terms of the covariance of the subsystems. Our coupled spin quantum Otto engine is used as an example of the general formalism.
Shahkhatuni, Astghik A.; Shahkhatuni, Aleksan G.; Minasyan, Nune S.; Panosyan, Henry A.; Sahakyan, Aleksandr B.
2015-03-01
The solvent induced changes of one-bond spin-spin coupling constants (SSCCs) are investigated for a set of substituted methanes in solvents with various ε dielectric constants. Solute-solvent systems with varying types of ε-dependences for the solute SSCCs are outlined. Aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents and their halogen-substituted derivatives comprise the subset, where the SSCC is linearly dependent on the solvent reaction field, f(ε) = 2(ε - 1)/(2ε + 1), hence indicating the absence of specific solute-solvent interactions. In such solvents, SSCCs depend only on bulk dielectric properties of the medium, and, the magnitudes of the solvent sensitivities of SSCCs are fully determined by the initial values of "pure" SSCCs that correspond to the isolated solute molecules. The solvents involved in the second subset have a relatively chaotic distribution of the SSCC/f(ε) relationship, with possible groupings by their chemical nature. There, the conventional linear SSCC/f(ε) dependence is perturbed by additional interactions, such as hydrogen bonding, specific association processes, lone electron pairs, and conjugation.
Lee, Jason; Tian, Wen-Chuan; Wang, Wei-Liang; Yao, Dao-Xin
2015-01-01
Because of its novel physical properties, two-dimensional materials have attracted great attention. From first-principle calculations and vibration frequencies analysis, we predict a new family of two-dimensional materials based on the idea of octet stability: honeycomb lattices of pnictogens (N, P, As, Sb, Bi). The buckled structures of materials come from the sp(3) hybridization. These materials have indirect band gap ranging from 0.43 eV to 3.7 eV. From the analysis of projected density of states, we argue that the s and p orbitals together are sufficient to describe the electronic structure under tight-binding model, and the tight-binding parameters are obtained by fitting the band structures to first-principle results. Surprisingly large on-site spin-orbit coupling is found for all the pnictogen lattices except nitrogen. Investigation on the electronic structures of both zigzag and armchair nanoribbons reveals the possible existence of spin-polarized ferromagnetic edge states in some cases, which are rare in one-dimensional systems. These edge states and magnetism may exist under the condition of high vacuum and low temperature. This new family of materials would have promising applications in electronics, optics, sensors, and solar cells. PMID:26122870
Holmqvist, C.; Belzig, W.; Fogelström, M.
2012-08-01
The supercurrent through a quantum point contact coupled to a nanomagnet strongly depends on the dynamics of the nanomagnet's spin. We employ a fully microscopic model to calculate the transport properties of a junction coupled to a spin whose dynamics is modeled as Larmor precession brought about by an external magnetic field and find that the dynamics affects the charge and spin currents by inducing transitions between the continuum states outside the superconducting gap region and the Andreev levels. This redistribution of the quasiparticles leads to a nonequilibrium population of the Andreev levels and an enhancement of the supercurrent which is visible as a modified current-phase relation as well as a nonmonotonous critical current as function of temperature. The nonmonotonous behavior is accompanied by a corresponding change in spin-transfer torques acting on the precessing spin and leads to the possibility of using temperature as a means to tune the back-action on the spin.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Koide, M. [Department of Science and Technology, Meisei University, Tokyo 191-8656 (Japan)]. E-mail: mkoide@galaxy.ocn.ne.jp; Koike, F. [School of Medicine, Kitasato University, Kanagawa 228-8555 (Japan); Azuma, Y. [PhotonFactory, IMSS, KEK, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Nagata, T. [Department of Science and Technology, Meisei University, Tokyo 191-8656 (Japan)
2005-06-15
We study the origin of dual window-type 3s->4p photoexcitation resonances of potassium atoms that have been observed previously [M. Koide et al., J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 71 (2002) 1676] by means of photoion spectroscopy. We also consider the sub-valence shell photoexcitations of other alkali metal atoms. In potassium 3p photoionizations, the photoion energy levels may be labeled by their total angular momenta, and they are well separated due to the spin-orbit couplings in 3p subshells. The system of a photoion and a photoelectron is therefore a superposition of different total spin states if expressed in terms of the LS-coupling scheme. The ionization continuum may couple with several intermediate discrete states with different total spin quantum numbers, giving a possibility to observe split resonance structures in the spectra of 3s->np photoexcitations and in other alkali-atom photoexcitations. We discuss the dual window-type resonances in potassium, rubidium, and cesium atoms.
Optimal control of two coupled spinning particles in the Euler-Lagrange picture
Delgado-Téllez, M.; Ibort, A.; Rodríguez de la Peña, T.; Salmoni, R.
2016-01-01
A family of optimal control problems for a single and two coupled spinning particles in the Euler-Lagrange formalism is discussed. A characteristic of such problems is that the equations controlling the system are implicit and a reduction procedure to deal with them must be carried out. The reduction of the implicit control equations arising in these problems will be discussed in the slightly more general setting of implicit equations defined by invariant one-forms on Lie groups. As an example the first order differential equations describing the extremal solutions of an optimal control problem for a single spinning particle, obtained by using Pontryagin’s Maximum Principle (PMP), will be found and shown to be completely integrable. Then, again using PMP, solutions for the problem of two coupled spinning particles will be characterized as solutions of a system of coupled non-linear matrix differential equations. The reduction of the implicit system will show that the reduced space for them is the product of the space of states for the independent systems, implying the absence of ‘entanglement’ in this instance. Finally, it will be shown that, in the case of identical systems, the degree three matrix polynomial differential equations determined by the optimal feedback law, constitute a completely integrable Hamiltonian system and some of its solutions are described explicitly.
Quench dynamics of a Bose-Einstein condensate under synthetic spin-orbit coupling
Deng, Tian-Shu; Zhang, Wei; Yi, Wei; Guo, Guang-Can
2016-05-01
We study the quench dynamics of a Bose-Einstein condensate under a Raman-assisted synthetic spin-orbit coupling. To model the dynamical process, we adopt a self-consistent Bogoliubov approach, which is equivalent to applying the time-dependent Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations. We investigate the dynamics of the condensate fraction as well as the momentum distribution of the Bose gas following a sudden change of system parameters. Typically, the system evolves into a steady state in the long-time limit, which features an oscillating momentum distribution and a stationary condensate fraction. We investigate how different quench parameters such as the inter- and intraspecies interactions and the spin-orbit-coupling parameters affect the condensate fraction in the steady state. Furthermore, we find that the time average of the oscillatory momentum distribution in the long-time limit can be described by a generalized Gibbs ensemble with two branches of momentum-dependent Gibbs temperatures. Our study is relevant to the experimental investigation of dynamical processes in a spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate.
Interplay of spin-orbit coupling and superconducting correlations in germanium telluride thin films
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Narayan, Vijay; Nguyen, Thuy-Anh; Mansell, Rhodri; Ritchie, David [Cavendish Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Mussler, Gregor [Peter Gruenberg Institute (PGI-9), Forschungszentrum Juelich, 52425, Juelich (Germany)
2016-03-15
There is much current interest in combining superconductivity and spin-orbit coupling in order to induce the topological superconductor phase and associated Majorana-like quasiparticles which hold great promise towards fault-tolerant quantum computing. Experimentally these effects have been combined by the proximity-coupling of super-conducting leads and high spin-orbit materials such as InSb and InAs, or by controlled Cu-doping of topological insu-lators such as Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3}. However, for practical purposes, a single-phase material which intrinsically displays both these effects is highly desirable. Here we demonstrate coexisting superconducting correlations and spin-orbit coupling in molecular-beam-epitaxy-grown thin films of GeTe. The former is evidenced by a precipitous low-temperature drop in the electrical resistivity which is quelled by a magnetic field, and the latter manifests as a weak antilocalisation (WAL) cusp in the magnetotransport. Our studies reveal several other intriguing features such as the presence of two-dimensional rather than bulk transport channels below 2 K, possible signatures of topological superconductivity, and unexpected hysteresis in the magnetotransport. Our work demonstrates GeTe to be a potential host of topological SC and Majorana-like excitations, and to be a versatile platform to develop quantum information device architectures. (copyright 2016 The Authors. Phys. Status Solidi RRL published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Piñeiro, A.; Botana, A. S.; Pardo, V.; Baldomir, D.
2010-01-01
Electronic structure calculations were performed on the compound CoS$_2$, an itinerant ferromagnet whose magnetic properties can be understood in terms of spin fluctuation theory. We have identified nesting features in the Fermi surface of the compound, active for long wavelength spin fluctuations. The electronic structure of the material is close to a half-metal. We show the importance of introducing spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in the calculations, that partially destroys the half-metallicity ...
Néel to spin-Peierls transition in a quasi-one-dimensional Heisenberg model coupled to bond phonons
Pillay, Jason Cornelius; Wierschem, Keola; Sengupta, Pinaki
2013-08-01
The zero and finite temperature spin-Peierls transitions in a quasi-one-dimensional spin-(1)/(2) Heisenberg model coupled to adiabatic bond phonons is investigated using the stochastic series expansion (SSE) quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) method. The quantum phase transition from a gapless Néel state to a spin-gapped Peierls state is studied in the parameter space spanned by spatial anisotropy, interchain coupling strength, and spin-lattice coupling strength. It is found that for any finite interchain coupling, the transition to a dimerized Peierls ground state only occurs when the spin-lattice coupling exceeds a finite, nonzero critical value. This is in contrast to the pure 1D model (zero interchain coupling), where adiabatic/classical phonons lead to a dimerized ground state for any nonzero spin-phonon interaction. The phase diagram in the parameter space shows that for a strong interchain coupling, the relation between the interchain coupling and the critical value of the spin-phonon interaction is linear whereas for weak interchain coupling, this behavior is found to have a natural logarithmlike relation. No region was found to have a long range magnetic order and dimerization occurring simultaneously. Instead, the Néel state order vanishes simultaneously with the setting in of the spin-Peierls state. For the thermal phase transition, a continuous heat capacity with a peak at the critical temperature Tc shows a second order phase transition. The variation of the equilibrium bond length distortion δeq with temperature showed a power law relation which decayed to zero as the temperature was increased to Tc, indicating a continuous transition from the dimerized phase to a paramagnetic phase with uniform bond length and zero antiferromagnetic susceptibility.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tessmer, M; Hartung, J; Schaefer, G, E-mail: m.tessmer@uni-jena.d [Theoretisch-Physikalisches Institut, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena (Germany)
2010-08-21
A quasi-Keplerian parameterization for the solutions of second post-Newtonian (PN) accurate equations of motion for spinning compact binaries is obtained including leading order spin-spin and next-to-leading order spin-orbit interactions. Rotational deformation of the compact objects is incorporated. For arbitrary mass ratios the spin orientations are taken to be parallel or anti-parallel to the orbital angular momentum vector. The emitted gravitational wave forms are given in analytic form up to 2PN point particle, 1.5PN spin-orbit and 1PN spin-spin contributions, whereby the spins are assumed to be of 0PN order.
Calzado, Carmen J; Ben Amor, Nadia; Maynau, Daniel
2014-07-14
This paper reports a theoretical analysis of the electronic structure and magnetic properties of a ferromagnetic Cu(II) [3×3] grid. A two-step strategy, combining calculations on the whole grid and on binuclear fragments, has been employed to evaluate all the magnetic interactions in the grid. The calculations confirm an S = 7/2 ground state, which is in accordance with the magnetisation versus field curve and the thermal dependence of the magnetic moment data. Only the first-neighbour coupling terms present non-negligible amplitudes, all of them in agreement with the structure and arrangement of the Cu 3d magnetic orbitals. The results indicate that the dominant interaction in the system is the antiferromagnetic coupling between the ring and the central Cu sites (J3 = J4 ≈ -31 cm(-1)). In the ring two different interactions can be distinguished, J1 = 4.6 cm(-1) and J2 = -0.1 cm(-1), in contrast to the single J model employed in the magnetic data fit. The calculated J values have been used to determine the energy level distribution of the Heisenberg magnetic states. The effective magnetic moment versus temperature plot resulting from this ab initio energy profile is in good agreement with the experimental curve and the fitting obtained with the simplified spin model, despite the differences between these two spin models. This study underlines the role that the theoretical evaluations of the coupling constants can play on the rationalisation of the magnetic properties of these complex polynuclear systems.
Role of strong spin-orbit coupling in the superconductivity of the hexagonal pnictide SrPtAs
Youn, Suk Joo; Fischer, Mark H.; Rhim, S. H.; Sigrist, Manfred; Agterberg, Daniel F.
2012-06-01
In clean inversion symmetric materials, spin-orbit coupling is not thought to have a pronounced effect on spin-singlet superconductivity. Here we show that, for the recently discovered pnictide superconductor SrPtAs, this is not the case. In particular, for spin-singlet superconductivity in SrPtAs, strong spin-orbit coupling leads to a significant enhancement of both the spin susceptibility and the paramagnetic limiting field with respect to that usually expected for spin-singlet superconductors. The underlying reason for this is that, while SrPtAs has a center of inversion symmetry, it contains weakly coupled As-Pt layers that do not have inversion symmetry. This local inversion-symmetry breaking allows for a form of spin-orbit coupling that dramatically effects superconductivity. These results indicate that caution should be used when interpreting measurements of the spin susceptibility and the paramagnetic limiting field if superconductivity resides in regions of locally broken inversion symmetry.
Lin, Zhuonan; Qin, Wei; Zeng, Jiang; Chen, Wei; Cui, Ping; Cho, Jun-Hyung; Zhang, Zhenyu
We present a comparative study of the electronic properties of the heterostructures consisting of a graphene sheet proximity coupled to the surfaces of three-dimensional topological insulators (TIs). Using density functional theory method, we first calculate the band structures of a single-layer graphene on the Bi2Te3 thin film. Counterintuitively, the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) can be barely induced in the graphene even though the intrinsic SOC strength of Bi2Te3 is stronger than that of Sb2Te3, which can readily introduce a giant SOC interaction into the graphene through proximity effect. In order to understand this exotic phenomenon, we next investigate the differences of the work functions and the charge transfers between the graphene and the TI substrates. It is found that the proximity-induced SOC in the graphene sheet can be enhanced by reducing the work function difference. These findings provide a simple work-function criterion for searching realistic materials that can be utilized as substrates to induce a large SOC gap in the graphene. Our criterion extends the posibities of experimental realization of quantum spin Hall state in graphene.
Correia, J D; Correia, Joao D.; Wheater, John F.
1998-01-01
A model of complex spins (corresponding to a non-minimal model in the language of CFT) coupled to the binary branched polymer sector of quantum gravity is considered. We show that this leads to new behaviour.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hasanirokh, K.; Phirouznia, A., E-mail: Phirouznia@azaruniv.ac.ir
2013-10-30
Influence of electrons interaction with longitudinal acoustic phonons on magnetoelectric and spin-related transport effects are investigated. The considered system is a two-dimensional electron gas system with both Rashba and Dresselhaus spin–orbit couplings. The works which have previously been performed in this field, have revealed that the Rashba and Dresselhaus couplings cannot be responsible for spin current in the non-equilibrium regime. In the current Letter, a semiclassical method was employed using the Boltzmann approach and it was shown that the spin current of the system, in general, does not go all the way to zero when the electron–phonon coupling is taken into account. It was also shown that spin accumulation of the system could be influenced by electron–phonon coupling.
Coupled Magnetic Resonator Optical Waveguides - mimicking spin waves in coupled metamaterials
Liu, Hui
2013-01-01
Optical resonators are important devices that control the properties of light and manipulate light-matter interaction. Various optical resonators are designed and fabricated using different techniques. For example, in coupled resonator optical waveguides, light energy is transported to other resonators through near-field coupling. In recent years, magnetic optical resonators based on LC resonance have been realized in several metallic microstructures. Such devices possess stronger local resonance and lower radiation loss compared with electric optical resonators. This study provides an overall introduction on the latest progress in coupled magnetic resonator optical waveguide (CMROW). Various waveguides composed of different magnetic resonators are presented and Lagrangian formalism is used to describe the CMROW. Moreover, several interesting properties of CMROW, such as abnormal dispersions and slow light effects, are discussed and CMROW applications in nonlinear and quantum optics are shown. Future novel na...
Dynamical Jahn-Teller effect in spin-orbital coupled system
Nasu, Joji; Ishihara, Sumio
2012-02-01
Orbital degree of freedom is one of the most attractive themes in strongly correlated electron system. A coupling between the orbital and the lattice vibration is known as a Jahn-Teller effect (JTE). The dynamical aspect of the Jahn-Teller interaction is often neglected in solid, because it is strongly suppressed by the cooperative JTE. Recently, Ba3CuSb2O9 has been reported as a candidate of the spin liquid. A Cu^2+ has the eg orbital degree of freedom and is surrounded by the O^2- octahedron. The octahedra on the neighboring sites do not have the common O ions. This fact implies that the cooperative JTE is weak, and the dynamical JTE is expected to play some key roles on orbital and magnetic properties. The purpose of this research is to study the dynamical JTE in a spin-orbital coupled system. In particular, we focus on the competitive or cooperative phenomena between the superexchange interaction and the dynamical JTE. The superexchange interactions are derived from the d-p model on a honeycomb lattice. We have confirmed this interaction stabilizes the antiferro-spin and ferro-orbital configurations for the realistic parameters. The dynamical JTE described as the orbital-lattice coupling is obtained by extracting the low energy states of the vibronic Hamiltonian. We analyze the model including the two kinds of interactions by using the Bethe approximation. We find that the magnetic order is unstable in wide parameter region and the spin-dimer state with the orbital order is realized. Furthermore the orbital order is strongly suppressed by the dynamical JTE.
Generation of concurrence between two qubits locally coupled to a one-dimensional spin chain
Nag, Tanay; Dutta, Amit
2016-08-01
We consider a generalized central spin model, consisting of two central qubits and an environmental spin chain (with periodic boundary condition) to which these central qubits are locally and weakly connected either at the same site or at two different sites separated by a distance d . Our purpose is to study the subsequent temporal generation of entanglement, quantified by concurrence, when initially the qubits are in an unentangled state. In the equilibrium situation, we show that the concurrence survives for a larger value of d when the environmental spin chain is critical. Importantly, a common feature observed both in the equilibrium and the nonequilibrium situations while the latter is created by a sudden but global change of the environmental transverse field is that the two qubits become maximally entangled for the critical quenching. Following a nonequilibrium evolution of the spin chain, our study for d ≠0 indicates that there exists a threshold time above which concurrence attains a finite value. Additionally, we show that the number of independent decohering channels (DCs) is determined by d as well as the local difference of the transverse field of the two underlying Hamiltonians governing the time evolution; the concurrence can be enhanced by a higher number of independent channels. The qualitatively similar behavior displayed by the concurrence for critical and off-critical quenches, as reported here, is characterized by analyzing the nonequilibrium evolution of these channels. The concurrence is maximum when the decoherence factor or the echo associated with the most rapidly DC decays to zero; on the contrary, the condition when the concurrence vanishes is determined nontrivially by the associated decay of one of the intermediate DCs. Analyzing the reduced density of a single qubit, we also explain the observation that the dephasing rate is always slower than the unentanglement rate. We further establish that the maximally and minimally decohering
Asada, Yoichi; Slevin, Keith; Ohtsuki, Tomi
2005-01-01
Electron transport phenomena in disordered electron systems with spin-orbit coupling in two dimensions and below are studied numerically. The scaling hypothesis is checked by analyzing the scaling of the quasi-1D localization length. A logarithmic increase of the mean conductance is also confirmed. These support the theoretical prediction that the two dimensional metal in systems with spin-orbit coupling has a perfect conductivity. Transport through a Sierpinski carpet is also reported.
Müstecaplıoğlu, Özgür; Hardal, Ali Ümit
2014-01-01
We investigate spin squeezing, quantum entanglement, and second-order coherence in two coupled, driven, dissipative, nonlinear cavities. We compare these quantum statistical properties for the cavities coupled with either single- or two-photon exchange. Solving the quantum optical master equation of the system numerically in the steady state, we calculate the zero-time delay second-order correlation function for the coherent, genuine two-mode entanglement parameters, an optimal spin squeezing...
Ruangsri, Uchupol; Hughes, Scott A
2015-01-01
A small body orbiting a black hole follows a trajectory that, at leading order, is a geodesic of the black hole spacetime. Much effort has gone into computing "self force" corrections to this motion, arising from the small body's own contributions to the system's spacetime. Another correction to the motion arises from coupling of the small body's spin to the black hole's spacetime curvature. Spin-curvature coupling drives a precession of the small body, and introduces a "force" (relative to the geodesic) which shifts the small body's worldline. These effects scale with the small body's spin at leading order. If the smaller body is itself a black hole, this means spin-curvature effects scale as the small body's mass squared, the same mass scaling as the self force. In this paper, we show that the equations which govern spin-curvature coupling can be analyzed with a frequency-domain decomposition, at least to leading order in the small body's spin. We show how to compute the frequency of precession along generi...
Wodyński, Artur; Pecul, Magdalena
2014-01-14
The (1)JCC and (1)JCH spin-spin coupling constants have been calculated by means of density functional theory (DFT) for a set of derivatives of aliphatic hydrocarbons substituted with I, At, Cd, and Hg in order to evaluate the substituent and relativistic effects for these properties. The main goal was to estimate HALA (heavy-atom-on-light-atom) effects on spin-spin coupling constants and to explore the factors which may influence the HALA effect on these properties, including the nature of the heavy atom substituent and carbon hybridization. The methods applied range, in order of reduced complexity, from Dirac-Kohn-Sham method (density functional theory with four-component Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian), through DFT with two- and one-component Zeroth Order Regular Approximation (ZORA) Hamiltonians, to scalar non-relativistic effective core potentials with the non-relativistic Hamiltonian. Thus, we are able to compare the performance of ZORA-DFT and Dirac-Kohn-Sham methods for modelling of the HALA effects on the spin-spin coupling constants. PMID:24437889
Spin-phonon coupling in BaFe{sub 12}O{sub 19} M-type hexaferrite
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Silva Júnior, Flávio M.; Paschoal, Carlos W. A., E-mail: paschoal.william@gmail.com [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, Campus do Bacanga, 65085-580 São Luis-MA (Brazil)
2014-12-28
The spin-phonon coupling in magnetic materials is due to the modulation of the exchange integral by lattice vibrations. BaFe{sub 12}O{sub 19} M-type hexaferrite, which is the most used magnetic material as permanent magnet, transforms into ferrimagnet at high temperatures, but no spin-phonon coupling was previously observed at this transition. In this letter, we investigated the temperature-dependent Raman spectra of polycrystalline BaFe{sub 12}O{sub 19} M-type hexaferrite from room temperature up to 780 K to probe spin-phonon coupling at the ferrimagnetic transition. An anomaly was observed in the position of the phonon attributed to the Fe{sup (4)}O{sub 6}, Fe{sup (5)}O{sub 6}, and Fe{sup (1)}O{sub 6} octahedra, evidencing the presence of a spin-phonon coupling in BaM in the ferrimagnetic transition at 720 K. The results also confirmed the spin-phonon coupling is different for each phonon even when they couple with the same spin configuration.
Exchange coupled pairs of dangling bond spins as a new type of paramagnetic defects in nanodiamonds
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
EPR in detonation nanodiamonds (DND) reveals two different signals associated with intrinsic carbon inherited paramagnetic defects. Main carbon inherited EPR signal is narrow intensive Lorentzian-like singlet with g=2.0028 and spin concentration Ns=(6-7)x1019 spin/g that yields on average 13-15 spins per each DND particle. Additional chemical treatment of DND powder allows practically complete removal of trace amounts of transition metal impurities that reveals a new doublet EPR signal consisting of two relatively narrow lines within the half-field region (g∼4) separated by a distance of 10.4 mT. The intensity of the doublet signal is five orders of magnitude lower than that of the main singlet signal. The former signal has been observed in a wide variety of DND samples disregarding of the impurity level reached and thus may be attributed to some intrinsic defects in DND particles. Such half-field EPR signals correspond to 'forbidden' ΔMs=2 transitions within thermally populated triplet (S=1) levels observed in polycrystalline samples containing exchange dimers-antiferromagnetically coupled spin pairs. Estimates suggest that the concentration of such defects is about one dimer per hundreds DND particles.
Dynamics of a coupled spin-vortex pair in dipolar spinor Bose-Einstein condensates
Li, Tiantian; Yi, Su; Zhang, Yunbo
2016-05-01
The collisional and magnetic field quench dynamics of a coupled spin-vortex pair in dipolar spinor Bose-Einstein condensates in a double-well potential are numerically investigated in the mean-field theory. Upon a sudden release of the potential barrier the two layers of condensates collide with each other in the trap center with the chirality of the vortex pair exchanged after each collision, showing the typical signature of in-phase collision for the parallel spin-vortex phase, and out-of-phase collision for the antiparallel phase. When quenching the transverse magnetic field, the vortex center in the single-layered condensate starts to make a helical motion with oval-shaped trajectories and the displacement of the center position is found to exhibit a damped simple harmonic oscillation with an intrinsic frequency and damping rate. The oscillation mode of the spin-vortex pair may be tuned by the initial magnetic field and the height of the Gaussian barrier; e.g., the gyrotropic motions for a parallel spin-vortex pair are out of sync with each other in the two layers, while those for the antiparallel pair exhibit a double-helix structure with the vortex centers moving opposite to each other with the same amplitude.
Theoretical design of high-spin biradical molecules with heterocycles as coupling unit
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Li-min; CHU De-qing; ZHANG Jing-ping; WANG Rong-shun
2006-01-01
Computational studies of a class of potentially stable high-spin biradicals that two-atom-three-electron spin centers SC units connected by heterocycles FC and phenyl EG were described. The geometry and character of the spin exchange interaction were obtained by means of UB3LYP/6-31G*. The results show that the molecules possessing three different arranged fashions are designed with—·N—S as SC fragment,pyridine as FC and phenyl as EG,the spin densities on the two atoms of the SC fragment are different from the delocalization results in the specific stability of—·N—S. In these molecules,the stabilities of the triplet states decrease when the distance between the atoms of central SC (—N—) increases. Molecules with—·N—S as SC fragment,pyridine,pyrazine and triazine as FC and phenyl as EG are designed,the stability of triplet states for the molecule with pyridine as FC is the highest,and that for the molecule with pyrazine as FC is the lowest. Molecules with—·N—S,— ··N—O and—·N—NH as SC fragment,pyridine as FC and phenyl as EG are designed,the stability of triplet states for the molecule with—·N—S as SC is the highest,that for the molecule with—·N—NH as SC is the lowest.
Bogoliubov quasiparticles coupled to the antiferromagnetic spin mode in a vortex core
Berthod, C.
2015-12-01
In copper- and iron-based unconventional superconductors, the Bogoliubov quasiparticles interact with a spin resonance at momentum (π ,π ) . This interaction is revealed by specific signatures in the quasiparticle spectroscopies, like kinks in photoemission and dips in tunneling. We study these signatures, as they appear inside and around a vortex core in the local density of states (LDOS), a property accessible experimentally by scanning tunneling spectroscopy. Our model retains the whole nonlocal structure of the self-energy in space and time and is therefore not amenable to a Hamiltonian treatment using Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations. The interaction with the spin resonance does not suppress the zero-bias peak at the vortex center, although it reduces its spectral weight; neither does it smear out the vortex LDOS, but rather it adds structure to it. Some of the signatures we find may have been already measured in FeSe, but remained unnoticed. We compare the LDOS as a function of both energy and position with and without coupling to the spin resonance and observe, in particular, that the quasiparticle interference patterns around the vortex are strongly damped by the coupling. We study in detail the transfer of spectral weight induced both locally and globally by the interaction and also by the formation of the vortex. Finally, we introduce a new way of imaging the quasiparticles in real space, which combines locality and momentum-space sensitivity. This approach allows one to access quasiparticle properties that are not contained in the LDOS.
Vortex Dynamics in a Spin-Orbit-Coupled Bose-Einstein Condensate
Fetter, Alexander L.
2015-07-01
Vortices in a one-component dilute atomic ultracold Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) usually arise as a response to externally driven rotation. Apart from a few special situations, these vortices are singly quantized with unit circulation (Fetter, Rev Mod Phys 81, 647-691, 2009). Recently, the NIST group has constructed a two-component BEC with a spin-orbit-coupled Hamiltonian involving Pauli matrices (Spielman, Phys Rev A 79, 063613, 2009; Y.-J. Lin et al., Nature 462, 628-632, 2009; Y.-J. Lin et al., Nature 471, 83-87, 2011), and I here study the dynamics of a two-component vortex in such a spin-orbit-coupled condensate. These spin-orbit-coupled BECs use an applied magnetic field to split the hyperfine levels. Hence, they rely on a focused laser beam to trap the atoms. In addition, two Raman laser beams create an effective (or synthetic) gauge potential. The resulting spin-orbit Hamiltonian is discussed in some detail. The various laser beams are fixed in the laboratory, so that it is not feasible to nucleate a vortex by an applied rotation that would need to rotate all the laser beams and the magnetic field. In a one-component BEC, a vortex can also be created by a thermal quench, starting from the normal state and suddenly cooling deep into the condensed state (Freilich et al., Science 329, 1182-1185, 2010). I propose that a similar method would work for a vortex in a spin-orbit-coupled BEC. Such a vortex has two components, and each has its own circulation quantum number (typically ). If both components have the same circulation, I find that the composite vortex should execute uniform precession, like that observed in a single-component BEC (Freilich et al., Science 329, 1182-1185, 2010). In contrast, if one component has unit circulation and the other has zero circulation, then some fraction of the dynamical vortex trajectories should eventually leave the condensate, providing clear experimental evidence for this unusual vortex structure. In the context of
Rui, Guanghao; Nelson, Robert L; Zhan, Qiwen
2012-08-13
We analytically and numerically study the emission properties of an electric dipole coupled to a plasmonic spiral structure with different pitch. As a transmitting antenna, the spiral structure couples the radiation from the electric dipole into circularly polarized emitted photons in the far field. The spin carried by the emitted photons is determined by the handedness of the spiral antenna. By increasing the spiral pitch in the unit of surface plasmon wavelength, these circularly polarized photons also gain orbital angular momentum with different topological charges. This phenomenon is attributed to the presence of a geometric phase arising from the interaction of light from point source with the anisotropic spiral structure. The circularly polarized vortex emission from such optically coupled spiral antenna also has high directivity, which may find important applications in quantum optical information, single molecule sensing, and integrated photonic circuits. PMID:23038521
Magnetic Exchange Couplings in Heterodinuclear Complexes Based on Differential Local Spin Rotations.
Joshi, Rajendra P; Phillips, Jordan J; Peralta, Juan E
2016-04-12
We analyze the performance of a new method for the calculation of magnetic exchange coupling parameters for the particular case of heterodinuclear transition metals complexes of Cu, Ni, and V. This method is based on a generalized perturbative approach which uses differential local spin rotations via formal Lagrange multipiers (Phillips, J. J.; Peralta, J. E. J. Chem. Phys. 2013, 138, 174115). The reliability of the calculated couplings has been assessed by comparing with results from traditional energy differences with different density functional approximations and with experimental values. Our results show that this method to calculate magnetic exchange couplings can be reliably used for heteronuclear transition metal complexes, and at the same time, that it is independent from the different mapping schemes used in energy difference methods. PMID:26953521
Role of spin-orbit coupling on the electronic structure and properties of SrPtAs
Youn, S. J.; Rhim, S. H.; Agterberg, D. F.; Weinert, M.; Freeman, A. J.
2012-01-01
The effect of spin-orbit coupling on the electronic structure of the layered iron-free pnictide superconductor, SrPtAs, has been studied using the full potential linearized augmented plane wave method. The anisotropy in Fermi velocity, conductivity and plasma frequency stemming from the layered structure are found to be enhanced by spin-orbit coupling. The relationship between spin-orbit interaction and the lack of two-dimensional inversion in the PtAs layers is analyzed within a tight-bindin...
Ebert, H.; Vernes, A.; Banhart, J.
1999-11-01
It has been shown recently, for a number of various magnetic disordered alloy systems, that the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) may have an important influence on the isotropic residual resistivity and that it is the primary source of the galvano-magnetic properties spontaneous magnetoresistance anisotropy (SMA) and anomalous Hall resistivity (AHR). Here it is demonstrated that—in contrast to many other spin-orbit induced phenomena—all these findings stem from the part of the spin-orbit coupling that gives rise to a mixing of the two spin sub-systems. In line with this result it is shown that inclusion of a current dependent potential within a calculation of the underlying electronic structure hardly affects the transport properties if the corresponding magnetic vector potential does not lead to a mixing of the spin sub-systems.
Reprint of : Nanomagnet coupled to quantum spin Hall edge: An adiabatic quantum motor
Arrachea, Liliana; von Oppen, Felix
2016-08-01
The precessing magnetization of a magnetic islands coupled to a quantum spin Hall edge pumps charge along the edge. Conversely, a bias voltage applied to the edge makes the magnetization precess. We point out that this device realizes an adiabatic quantum motor and discuss the efficiency of its operation based on a scattering matrix approach akin to Landauer-Büttiker theory. Scattering theory provides a microscopic derivation of the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation for the magnetization dynamics of the device, including spin-transfer torque, Gilbert damping, and Langevin torque. We find that the device can be viewed as a Thouless motor, attaining unit efficiency when the chemical potential of the edge states falls into the magnetization-induced gap. For more general parameters, we characterize the device by means of a figure of merit analogous to the ZT value in thermoelectrics.
Nanomagnet coupled to quantum spin Hall edge: An adiabatic quantum motor
Arrachea, Liliana; von Oppen, Felix
2015-11-01
The precessing magnetization of a magnetic islands coupled to a quantum spin Hall edge pumps charge along the edge. Conversely, a bias voltage applied to the edge makes the magnetization precess. We point out that this device realizes an adiabatic quantum motor and discuss the efficiency of its operation based on a scattering matrix approach akin to Landauer-Büttiker theory. Scattering theory provides a microscopic derivation of the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation for the magnetization dynamics of the device, including spin-transfer torque, Gilbert damping, and Langevin torque. We find that the device can be viewed as a Thouless motor, attaining unit efficiency when the chemical potential of the edge states falls into the magnetization-induced gap. For more general parameters, we characterize the device by means of a figure of merit analogous to the ZT value in thermoelectrics.
Coherence features of the spin-aligned neutron-proton pair coupling scheme
Qi, C; Bäck, T; Cederwall, B; Johnson, A; Liotta, R J; Wyss, R
2012-01-01
The seniority scheme has been shown to be extremely useful for the classification of nuclear states in semi-magic nuclei. The neutron-proton ($np$) correlation breaks the seniority symmetry in a major way. As a result, the corresponding wave function is a mixture of many components with different seniority quantum numbers. In this contribution we show that the $np$ interaction may favor a new kind of coupling in $N=Z$ nuclei, i.e., the so-called isoscalar spin-aligned $np$ pair mode. Shell model calculations reveal that the ground and low-lying yrast states of the $N = Z$ nuclei $^{92}$Pd and $^{96}$Cd may mainly be built upon such spin-aligned $np$ pairs each carrying the maximum angular momentum $J = 9$ allowed by the shell $0g_{9/2}$ which is dominant in this nuclear region.
Harmonically trapped quasi-two-dimensional Fermi gases with synthetic spin-orbit coupling
Wang, JingKun; Chen, JinGe; Chen, KeJi; Yi, Wei; Zhang, Wei
2016-09-01
We study the properties of spin-orbit coupled and harmonically trapped quasi-two-dimensional Fermi gas with tunable s-wave interaction between the two spin species. We adapt an effective two-channel model which takes the excited states occupation in the strongly confined axial direction into consideration by introducing dressed molecules in the closed channel, and use a Bogoliubovde Gennes (BdG) formalism to go beyond local density approximation. We find that both the in-trap phase structure and density distribution can be significantly modified near a wide Feshbach resonance compared with the single-channel model without the dressed molecules. Our findings will be helpful for the experimental search for the topological superfluid phase in ultracold Fermi gases.
Adsorption-enhanced spin-orbit coupling of buckled honeycomb silicon
Sun, Jia-Tao; Chen, Wei; Sakamoto, Kazuyuki; Feng, Yuan Ping; Wee, Andrew T. S.
2016-09-01
We have studied the electronic structures of quasi-two-dimensional buckled honeycomb silicon (BHS) saturated by atomic hydrogen and fluorine by means of first-principles calculations. The graphene-like hexagonal silicon with chair configurations can be stabilized by atomic hydrogen and fluorine adsorption. Together with a magnetic ground state, large spin-orbit coupling (SOC) of BHS saturated by hydrogen on either side (Semi-H-BHS) indicated by the band splitting of σ bond at Γ point in the Brillouin zone is attributed to the intermixing between the density of states of hydrogen atoms and π bonds of unpassivated Si2 around the Fermi level. The Zeeman spin splitting is most likely caused by the internal electric field induced by asymmetric charge transfer.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
S Haddad
2010-09-01
The influence of the isovector coupling channel on the central depression parameter and the central value of the charge density distribution in heavy spherical nuclei was studied. The isovector coupling channel leads to about 50% increase of the central depression parameter, and weakens the dependency of both central depression parameter and central density on the asymmetry, impressively contributing to the semibubble form of the charge density distribution in heavy nuclei, and increasing the probability of larger nuclei with higher proton numbers and higher neutron-to-proton ratios stable.
Spin-orbit coupling effects, interactions and superconducting transport in nanostructures
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schulz, Andreas
2010-05-15
In the present thesis we study the electronic properties of several low dimensional nanoscale systems. In the first part, we focus on the combined effect of spin-orbit coupling (SOI) and Coulomb interaction in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as well as quantum wires. We derive low energy theories for both systems, using the bosonization technique and obtain analytic expressions for the correlation functions that allow us to compute basically all observables of interest. We first focus on CNTs and show that a four channel Luttinger liquid theory can still be applied when SOI effects are taken into account. Compared to previous formulations, the low-energy Hamiltonian is characterized by different Luttinger parameters and plasmon velocities. Notably, the charge and spin modes are coupled. Our theory allows us to compute an asymptotically exact expression for the spectral function of a metallic carbon nanotube. We find modifications to the previously predicted structure of the spectral function that can in principle be tested by photoemission spectroscopy experiments. We develop a very similar low energy description for an interacting quantum wire subject to Rashba spin-orbit coupling (RSOC). We derive a two component Luttinger liquid Hamiltonian in the presence of RSOC, taking into account all e-e interaction processes allowed by the conservation of total momentum. The effective low energy Hamiltonian includes an additional perturbation due to intraband backscattering processes with band flip. Within a one-loop RG scheme, this perturbation is marginally irrelevant. The fixed point model is then still a two channel Luttinger liquid, albeit with a non standard form due to SOI. Again, the charge and spin mode are coupled. Using our low energy theory, we address the problem of the RKKY interaction in an interacting Rashba wire. The coupling of spin and charge modes due to SO effects implies several modifications, e.g. the explicit dependence of the power-law decay exponent of
Hu, Kangkang; Gao, Bo; Ji, Qiucheng; Ma, Yonghui; Li, Wei; Xu, Xuguang; Zhang, Hui; Mu, Gang; Huang, Fuqiang; Cai, Chuanbing; Xie, Xiaoming; Jiang, Mianheng
2016-06-01
We present a systematical study on the roles of interactions among electron correlation, electron-phonon coupling, and spin-orbit coupling in the isovalent Pd-substituted superconductor SrPt3P . By using the solid state reaction method, the Pd element with the 4 d orbital was successfully substituted in the strong spin-orbit coupling superconductors Sr (Pt1-xPdx) 3P . As increasing the isovalent Pd concentrations without introducing any extra electron/hole carriers, the superconducting transition temperature Tc decreases monotonously. In addition, combining the data of resistivity and specific heat, as well as electronic band structure calculations, we found that the electron correlation is enhanced while the electron-phonon coupling and the spin-orbit coupling are suppressed by Pd substitution. Our results may provide significant insights in the natures of the interplay among the electron correlation, electron-phonon coupling, and spin-orbit coupling in superconductivity, and may also pave a route for understanding the mechanism of superconductivity in heavily 5 d -based superconductors.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dey, Rik, E-mail: rikdey@utexas.edu; Pramanik, Tanmoy; Roy, Anupam; Rai, Amritesh; Guchhait, Samaresh; Sonde, Sushant; Movva, Hema C. P.; Register, Leonard F.; Banerjee, Sanjay K. [Microelectronics Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States); Colombo, Luigi [Texas Instruments, Dallas, Texas 75243 (United States)
2014-06-02
We have studied angle dependent magnetoresistance of Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} thin film with field up to 9 T over 2–20 K temperatures. The perpendicular field magnetoresistance has been explained by the Hikami-Larkin-Nagaoka theory alone in a system with strong spin-orbit coupling, from which we have estimated the mean free path, the phase coherence length, and the spin-orbit relaxation time. We have obtained the out-of-plane spin-orbit relaxation time to be small and the in-plane spin-orbit relaxation time to be comparable to the momentum relaxation time. The estimation of these charge and spin transport parameters are useful for spintronics applications. For parallel field magnetoresistance, we have confirmed the presence of Zeeman effect which is otherwise suppressed in perpendicular field magnetoresistance due to strong spin-orbit coupling. The parallel field data have been explained using both the contributions from the Maekawa-Fukuyama localization theory for non-interacting electrons and Lee-Ramakrishnan theory of electron-electron interactions. The estimated Zeeman g-factor and the strength of Coulomb screening parameter agree well with the theory. Finally, the anisotropy in magnetoresistance with respect to angle has been described by the Hikami-Larkin-Nagaoka theory. This anisotropy can be used in anisotropic magnetic sensor applications.
Lang, George; Boso, Brian; Erler, Brian S.; Reed, Christopher A.
1986-03-01
The ferric metalloporphyrin π-radical cation complexes Fe(III) (OClO3)2 (TPP.) and [Fe(III) Cl (TPP.)] [SbCl6] were examined in microcrystalline form by Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetic susceptometry over a range of temperatures and applied fields. All measurements on the six-coordinate Fe(OClO3)2 (TPP.) were consistent with isolated molecules having an S=5/2 iron site with zero field splitting (12 cm-1) S2z that is ferromagnetically coupled to the S=1/2 porphyrin radical by an energy term (-110 cm-1) Sṡs. Thus the ground state is overall spin-3. In the five-coordinate [FeCl (TPP.)] [SbCl6] the susceptibility is in reasonable agreement with the results of a calculation based on zero field splitting (12 cm-1) S2z for the S=5/2 iron and antiferromagnetic coupling (200 cm-1) Sṡs with the radical to give an overall spin-2 ground state. However, the Mössbauer measurements require a more complicated model having the same large intramolecular iron-radical coupling, a smaller zero field splitting (3 cm-1) S2z, and weak intermolecular antiferromagnetic coupling between heme pairs given by (32 cm-1) s1ṡs2 or, equivalently, (0.65 cm-1) S1ṡS2. A slightly improved correspondence with the measured susceptibility results. The intermolecular antiferromagnetic coupling probably results from crystallization of the [FeCl (TPP.)]+ cations in face-to-face dimers as observed in other closely related five-coordinate iron (III) porphyrins.
Quantum entanglement in trimer spin-1/2 Heisenberg chains with antiferromagnetic coupling
Del Cima, O M; da Silva, S L L
2015-01-01
The quantum entanglement measure is determined, for the first time, for antiferromagnetic trimer spin-1/2 Heisenberg chains. The physical quantity proposed to measure the entanglement is the distance between states by adopting the Hilbert-Schmidt norm. The method is applied to the new magnetic Cu(II) trimer system, 2b.3CuCl_2.2H_2O, and to the trinuclear Cu(II) halide salt, (3MAP)_2Cu_2Cl_8. The decoherence temperature, above which the entanglement is suppressed, is determined for the both systems. A correlation among their decoherence temperatures and their respective exchange coupling constants is established.
Simulating Chiral Magnetic and Separation Effects with Spin-Orbit Coupled Atomic Gases
Xu-Guang Huang
2016-01-01
The chiral magnetic and chiral separation effects---quantum-anomaly-induced electric current and chiral current along an external magnetic field in parity-odd quark-gluon plasma---have received intense studies in the community of heavy-ion collision physics. We show that analogous effects occur in rotating trapped Fermi gases with Weyl-Zeeman spin-orbit coupling where the rotation plays the role of an external magnetic field. These effects can induce a mass quadrupole in the atomic cloud alon...
Manipulating effective spin orbit coupling based on proximity effect in magnetic bilayers
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang, Y. Q.; Sun, N. Y.; Che, W. R.; Zhang, J. W.; Shan, R., E-mail: shan.rong@hotmail.com [School of Physics Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Li, X. L. [Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF), Shanghai 201204 (China); Zhu, Z. G., E-mail: zgzhu@ucas.ac.cn; Su, G., E-mail: gsu@ucas.ac.cn [School of Electronic, Electrical and Communication Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics and Computational Materials Physics Laboratory, College of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)
2015-08-24
A proximity effect of spin orbit coupling (SOC) is proposed in nonmagnetic metal/ferromagnet (NM/FM) bilayers by extending the Crépieux-Bruno (CB) theory. We demonstrate that over 1000% enhancement of the SOC strength can be realized based on this effect (Pt/FM bilayers) and it brings greatly enhanced anomalous Hall effect and anomalous Nernst effect. This work could help maximize the performance of magnetic transport property for the spintronics device using NM/FM as the key structure.
Quantum mechanics of a spin-orbit coupled electron constrained to a space curve
Ortix, Carmine
2015-06-01
We derive the effective one-dimensional Schrödinger-Pauli equation for electrons constrained to move on a space curve. The electrons are confined using a double thin-wall quantization procedure with adiabatic separation of fast and slow quantum degrees of freedom. This procedure is capable of yielding a correct Hermitian one-dimensional Schrödinger-Pauli operator. We find that the torsion of the space curve generates an additional quantum geometric potential, adding to the well-known curvature-induced one. Finally, we derive an analytic form of the one-dimensional Hamiltonian for spin-orbit coupled electrons in a nanoscale helical wire.
Anomalous Josephson Effect in Junctions with Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling
Nesterov, Konstantin; Houzet, Manuel; Meyer, Julia
2015-03-01
We study two-dimensional double-barrier SINIS Josephson junctions in which the inversion symmetry in the normal part is broken by Rashba spin-orbit coupling. In the presence of a suitably oriented Zeeman field in the normal part, the system displays the anomalous Josephson effect: the current is nonzero even at zero phase difference between two superconductors. We investigate this effect by means of the Ginzburg-Landau formalism and microscopic Green's functions approach in the clean limit. This work was supported in part by the Grants No. ANR-12-BS04-0016-03 and an EU-FP7 Marie Curie IRG.
Spin Sum Rules and the Strong Coupling Constant at large distance.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Alexandre Deur
2009-07-01
We present recent results on the Bjorken and the generalized forward spin polarizability sum rules from Jefferson Lab Hall A and CLAS experiments, focusing on the low $Q^2$ part of the measurements. We then discuss the comparison of these results with Chiral Perturbation theory calculations. In the second part of this paper, we show how the Bjorken sum rule with its connection to the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum, allows us to conveniently define an effective coupling for the strong force at all distances.
Thermal Phase Transitions of Strongly Correlated Bosons with Spin-Orbit Coupling
Hickey, Ciarán; Paramekanti, Arun
2014-12-01
Experiments on ultracold atoms have started to explore lattice effects and thermal fluctuations for two-component bosons with spin-orbit coupling (SOC). Motivated by this, we derive and study a t J model for lattice bosons with equal Rashba-Dresselhaus SOC and strong Hubbard repulsion in a uniform Zeeman magnetic field. Using the Gutzwiller ansatz, we find strongly correlated ground states with stripe superfluid (SF) order. We formulate a finite temperature generalization of the Gutzwiller method, and show that thermal fluctuations in the doped Mott insulator drive a two-step melting of the stripe SF, revealing a wide regime of a stripe normal fluid.
Topological Insulators on the Ruby Lattice with Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HOU Jing-Min; WANG Guo-Xiang
2013-01-01
We investigate a tight-binding model of the ruby lattice with Rashba spin-orbit coupling.We calculate the band structure of the lattice and evaluate the Z2 topological indices.According to the Z2 topological indices and the band structure,we present the phase diagrams of the lattice with different filling fractions.We find.that topological insulators occur in some range of parameters at 1/6,1/3,1/2,2/3 and 5/6 filling fractions.We analyze and discuss the characteristics of these topological insulators and their edge states.
Landau quantization, Rashba spin-orbit coupling and Zeeman splitting of two-dimensional heavy holes
Moskalenko, S. A.; Podlesny, I. V.; Dumanov, E. V.; Liberman, M. A.; Novikov, B. V.
2014-01-01
The origin of the g-factor of the two-dimensional (2D) electrons and holes moving in the periodic crystal lattice potential with the perpendicular magnetic and electric fields is discussed. The Pauli equation describing the Landau quantization accompanied by the Rashba spin-orbit coupling (RSOC) and Zeeman splitting (ZS) for 2D heavy holes with nonparabolic dispersion law is solved exactly. The solutions have the form of the pairs of the Landau quantization levels due to the spinor-type wave ...
Spectroscopy and octupole coupling of high-spin states in 213Rn
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Excited states of 213Rn, up to spins of ∼ 55/2 ℎ and an excitation energy of ∼ 6 MeV, have been studied using γ-ray and electron spectroscopy following the reactions 208Pb(9Be,4n) and 204Hg(13C,4n). Eight isomeric states were identified and g-factors for five of these measured by the TDPAD technique. Several of the isomeric states decay by enhanced E3 transitions. The level scheme and electromagnetic properties of the isomers are compared with the results of semi-empirical shell-model calculations including calculations which explicitly account for the particle-octupole vibration coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Epifanovsky, Evgeny [Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0482 (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Q-Chem Inc., 6601 Owens Drive, Suite 105, Pleasanton, California 94588 (United States); Klein, Kerstin; Gauss, Jürgen [Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Universität Mainz, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); Stopkowicz, Stella [Department of Chemistry, Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, University of Oslo, N-0315 Oslo (Norway); Krylov, Anna I. [Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0482 (United States)
2015-08-14
We present a formalism and an implementation for calculating spin-orbit couplings (SOCs) within the EOM-CCSD (equation-of-motion coupled-cluster with single and double substitutions) approach. The following variants of EOM-CCSD are considered: EOM-CCSD for excitation energies (EOM-EE-CCSD), EOM-CCSD with spin-flip (EOM-SF-CCSD), EOM-CCSD for ionization potentials (EOM-IP-CCSD) and electron attachment (EOM-EA-CCSD). We employ a perturbative approach in which the SOCs are computed as matrix elements of the respective part of the Breit-Pauli Hamiltonian using zeroth-order non-relativistic wave functions. We follow the expectation-value approach rather than the response-theory formulation for property calculations. Both the full two-electron treatment and the mean-field approximation (a partial account of the two-electron contributions) have been implemented and benchmarked using several small molecules containing elements up to the fourth row of the periodic table. The benchmark results show the excellent performance of the perturbative treatment and the mean-field approximation. When used with an appropriate basis set, the errors with respect to experiment are below 5% for the considered examples. The findings regarding basis-set requirements are in agreement with previous studies. The impact of different correlation treatment in zeroth-order wave functions is analyzed. Overall, the EOM-IP-CCSD, EOM-EA-CCSD, EOM-EE-CCSD, and EOM-SF-CCSD wave functions yield SOCs that agree well with each other (and with the experimental values when available). Using an EOM-CCSD approach that provides a more balanced description of the target states yields more accurate results.
Epifanovsky, Evgeny; Klein, Kerstin; Stopkowicz, Stella; Gauss, Jürgen; Krylov, Anna I.
2015-08-01
We present a formalism and an implementation for calculating spin-orbit couplings (SOCs) within the EOM-CCSD (equation-of-motion coupled-cluster with single and double substitutions) approach. The following variants of EOM-CCSD are considered: EOM-CCSD for excitation energies (EOM-EE-CCSD), EOM-CCSD with spin-flip (EOM-SF-CCSD), EOM-CCSD for ionization potentials (EOM-IP-CCSD) and electron attachment (EOM-EA-CCSD). We employ a perturbative approach in which the SOCs are computed as matrix elements of the respective part of the Breit-Pauli Hamiltonian using zeroth-order non-relativistic wave functions. We follow the expectation-value approach rather than the response-theory formulation for property calculations. Both the full two-electron treatment and the mean-field approximation (a partial account of the two-electron contributions) have been implemented and benchmarked using several small molecules containing elements up to the fourth row of the periodic table. The benchmark results show the excellent performance of the perturbative treatment and the mean-field approximation. When used with an appropriate basis set, the errors with respect to experiment are below 5% for the considered examples. The findings regarding basis-set requirements are in agreement with previous studies. The impact of different correlation treatment in zeroth-order wave functions is analyzed. Overall, the EOM-IP-CCSD, EOM-EA-CCSD, EOM-EE-CCSD, and EOM-SF-CCSD wave functions yield SOCs that agree well with each other (and with the experimental values when available). Using an EOM-CCSD approach that provides a more balanced description of the target states yields more accurate results.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present a formalism and an implementation for calculating spin-orbit couplings (SOCs) within the EOM-CCSD (equation-of-motion coupled-cluster with single and double substitutions) approach. The following variants of EOM-CCSD are considered: EOM-CCSD for excitation energies (EOM-EE-CCSD), EOM-CCSD with spin-flip (EOM-SF-CCSD), EOM-CCSD for ionization potentials (EOM-IP-CCSD) and electron attachment (EOM-EA-CCSD). We employ a perturbative approach in which the SOCs are computed as matrix elements of the respective part of the Breit-Pauli Hamiltonian using zeroth-order non-relativistic wave functions. We follow the expectation-value approach rather than the response-theory formulation for property calculations. Both the full two-electron treatment and the mean-field approximation (a partial account of the two-electron contributions) have been implemented and benchmarked using several small molecules containing elements up to the fourth row of the periodic table. The benchmark results show the excellent performance of the perturbative treatment and the mean-field approximation. When used with an appropriate basis set, the errors with respect to experiment are below 5% for the considered examples. The findings regarding basis-set requirements are in agreement with previous studies. The impact of different correlation treatment in zeroth-order wave functions is analyzed. Overall, the EOM-IP-CCSD, EOM-EA-CCSD, EOM-EE-CCSD, and EOM-SF-CCSD wave functions yield SOCs that agree well with each other (and with the experimental values when available). Using an EOM-CCSD approach that provides a more balanced description of the target states yields more accurate results
EFFECTS OF CIRCUMNUCLEAR DISK GAS EVOLUTION ON THE SPIN OF CENTRAL BLACK HOLES
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Maio, Umberto [Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching b. Muenchen (Germany); Dotti, Massimo [Department of Physics of the University of Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 3, I-20126 Milano (Italy); Petkova, Margarita [Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 1, D-85741 Garching b. Muenchen (Germany); Perego, Albino [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, 4056 Basel (Switzerland); Volonteri, Marta [Institut d' Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis Boulevard Arago, F-75014 Paris (France)
2013-04-10
Mass and spin are the only two parameters needed to completely characterize black holes (BHs) in general relativity. However, the interaction between BHs and their environment is where complexity lies, as the relevant physical processes occur over a large range of scales. That is particularly relevant in the case of supermassive black holes (SMBHs), hosted in galaxy centers, and surrounded by swirling gas and various generations of stars. These compete with the SMBH for gas consumption and affect both dynamics and thermodynamics of the gas itself. How the behavior of such a fiery environment influences the angular momentum of the gas accreted onto SMBHs, and, hence, BH spins, is uncertain. We explore the interaction between SMBHs and their environment via first three-dimensional sub-parsec resolution simulations (ranging from {approx}0.1 pc to {approx}1 kpc scales) that study the evolution of the SMBH spin by including the effects of star formation, stellar feedback, radiative transfer, and metal pollution according to the proper stellar yields and lifetimes. This approach is crucial in investigating the impact of star formation processes and feedback effects on the angular momentum of the material that could accrete on the central hole. We find that star formation and feedback mechanisms can locally inject significant amounts of entropy in the surrounding medium, and impact the inflow inclination angles and Eddington fractions. As a consequence, the resulting trends show upper-intermediate equilibrium values for the spin parameter of a {approx_equal} 0.6-0.9, corresponding to radiative efficiencies {epsilon} {approx_equal} 9%-15%. These results suggest that star formation feedback taking place in the circumnuclear disk during the infall alone cannot induce very strong chaotic trends in the gas flow, quite independently from the different numerical parameters.
Wolf, Michael; Badea, Robert; Berezovsky, Jesse
The core of a ferromagnetic (FM) vortex domain creates a strong, localized magnetic field which can be manipulated on nanosecond timescales using small magnetic fields, or electrical currents. These capabilities present opportunities for nanoscale spin-based devices. Here, we demonstrate how these FM vortex properties can be used in a room temperature, integrated device by coupling a FM vortex to nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center spins in diamond. Measurements are carried out using a combined magneto-optical microscopy and optically-detected spin resonance technique. We show that the FM vortex can be driven into proximity with an NV, inducing significant NV spin splitting and sufficiently large magnetic field gradient to address spins separated by nanometer length scales. By applying a microwave-frequency magnetic field, we drive both the vortex and the NV spins, resulting in enhanced coherent rotation of the spin state. Finally we demonstrate that by driving the vortex on fast timescales, sequential addressing and coherent manipulation of spins is possible on 100 ns timescales, while driving on faster timescales results in non-trivial coherent dynamics of the coupled vortex/NV system. We acknowledge the DOE Award #DE-SC008148.
Numerical study of the giant nonlocal resistance in spin-orbit coupled graphene
Wang, Zibo; Liu, Haiwen; Jiang, Hua; Xie, X. C.
2016-07-01
Recent experiments find the signal of giant nonlocal resistance RNL in H -shaped graphene samples due to the spin/valley Hall effect. Interestingly, when the Fermi energy deviates from the Dirac point, RNL decreases to zero much more rapidly compared with the local resistance RL, and the well-known relation of RNL∝RL3 is not satisfied. In this work, based on the nonequilibrium Green's function method, we explain such transport phenomena in H -shaped graphene with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. When the Fermi energy is near the Dirac point, the nonlocal resistance is considerably large and is much sharper than the local one. Moreover, the relationship between the Rashba effect and the fast decay of RNL compared with RL is further investigated. We find that the Rashba effect contributes neither to the fast decay nor to the peak of RNL itself. Actually, it is the extremely small density of states near the Dirac point that leads to the large peak of RNL, while the fast decay results from the quasiballistic mechanism. Finally, we revise the classic formula RNL∝RL3 by replacing RNL with RHall, which represents the nonlocal resistance merely caused by the spin Hall effect, and the relation holds well.
Perspectives in spintronics: magnetic resonant tunneling, spin-orbit coupling, and GaMnAs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Spintronics has attracted wide attention by promising novel functionalities derived from both the electron charge and spin. While branching into new areas and creating new themes over the past years, the principal goals remain the spin and magnetic control of the electrical properties-essentially the I-V characteristics-and vice versa. There are great challenges ahead to meet these goals. One challenge is to find niche applications for ferromagnetic semiconductors, such as GaMnAs. Another is to develop further the science of hybrid ferromagnetic metal/semiconductor heterostructures, as alternatives to all-semiconductor room temperature spintronics. Here we present our representative recent efforts to address such challenges. We show how to make a digital magnetoresistor by combining two magnetic resonant diodes, or how introducing ferromagnetic semiconductors as active regions in resonant tunneling diodes leads to novel effects of digital magnetoresistance and of magnetoelectric current oscillations. We also discuss the phenomenon of tunneling anisotropic magnetoresistance in Fe/GaAs junctions by introducing the concept of the spin-orbit coupling field, as an analog of such fields in all-semiconductor junctions. Finally, we look at fundamental electronic and optical properties of GaMnAs by employing reasonable tight-binding models to study disorder effects.
Cardona-Serra, Salvador; Escalera-Moreno, Luis; Baldoví, José J; Gaita-Ariño, Alejandro; Clemente-Juan, Juan M; Coronado, Eugenio
2016-05-15
SIMPRE is a fortran77 code which uses an effective electrostatic model of point charges to predict the magnetic behavior of rare-earth-based mononuclear complexes. In this article, we present SIMPRE1.2, which now takes into account two further phenomena. First, SIMPRE now considers the hyperfine and quadrupolar interactions within the rare-earth ion, resulting in a more complete and realistic set of energy levels and wave functions. Second, and to widen SIMPRE's predictive capabilities regarding potential molecular spin qubits, it now includes a routine that calculates an upper-bound estimate of the decoherence time considering only the dipolar coupling between the electron spin and the surrounding nuclear spin bath. Additionally, SIMPRE now allows the user to introduce the crystal field parameters manually. Thus, we are able to demonstrate the new features using as examples (i) a Gd-based mononuclear complex known for its properties both as a single ion magnet and as a coherent qubit and (ii) an Er-based mononuclear complex. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26833799
Giant Optical Polarization Rotation Induced by Spin-Orbit Coupling in Polarons
Casals, Blai; Cichelero, Rafael; García Fernández, Pablo; Junquera, Javier; Pesquera, David; Campoy-Quiles, Mariano; Infante, Ingrid C.; Sánchez, Florencio; Fontcuberta, Josep; Herranz, Gervasi
2016-07-01
We have uncovered a giant gyrotropic magneto-optical response for doped ferromagnetic manganite La2 /3Ca1 /3MnO3 around the near room-temperature paramagnetic-to-ferromagnetic transition. At odds with current wisdom, where this response is usually assumed to be fundamentally fixed by the electronic band structure, we point to the presence of small polarons as the driving force for this unexpected phenomenon. We explain the observed properties by the intricate interplay of mobility, Jahn-Teller effect, and spin-orbit coupling of small polarons. As magnetic polarons are ubiquitously inherent to many strongly correlated systems, our results provide an original, general pathway towards the generation of magnetic-responsive gigantic gyrotropic responses that may open novel avenues for magnetoelectric coupling beyond the conventional modulation of magnetization.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fernández-Pacheco, A., E-mail: af457@cam.ac.uk; Mansell, R.; Petit, D.; Lee, J. H.; Cowburn, R. P. [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Ummelen, F. C.; Swagten, H. J. M. [Department of Applied Physics, Center for NanoMaterials, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)
2014-09-01
We have designed a bilayer synthetic antiferromagnet where the order of layer reversal can be selected by varying the sweep rate of the applied magnetic field. The system is formed by two ultra-thin ferromagnetic layers with different proximities to the spin reorientation transition, coupled antiferromagnetically using Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interactions. The different dynamic magnetic reversal behavior of both layers produces a crossover in their switching fields for field rates in the kOe/s range. This effect is due to the different effective anisotropy of both layers, added to an appropriate asymmetric antiferromagnetic coupling between them. Field-rate controlled selective switching of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy layers as shown here can be exploited in sensing and memory applications.
Phase locking of spin-torque nano-oscillator pairs with magnetic dipolar coupling
Chen, Hao-Hsuan; Lee, Ching-Ming; Zhang, Zongzhi; Liu, Yaowen; Wu, Jong-Ching; Horng, Lance; Chang, Ching-Ray
2016-06-01
A spin-torque nanopillar oscillator (STNO) that combines a perpendicular-to-plane polarizer (PERP) with an in-plane magnetized free layer is a good candidate for phase locking, which opens a potential approach to enhancement of the output power of STNOs. In this paper, the magnetic dipolar coupling effect is used as the driving force to synchronize two STNOs. We develop an approximation theory for synchronizing two identical and nonidentical pairs of PERP STNOs, by which the critical current of synchronization, dipolar coupling strength, phase-locking transient time, and frequency can be analytically predicted. These predictions are further confirmed by macrospin and micromagnetic simulations. Finally, we show the phase diagrams of the phase locking as a function of applied current and separation between two STNOs.
Strong coupling critique of spin fluctuation driven charge order in underdoped cuprates
Mishra, Vivek; Norman, M. R.
2015-08-01
Charge order has emerged as a generic feature of doped cuprates, leading to important questions about its origin and its relation to superconductivity. Recent experiments on two classes of hole doped cuprates indicate a novel d -wave symmetry for the order. These were motivated by earlier spin fluctuation theoretical studies based on an expansion about hot spots in the Brillouin zone that indicated such an order would be competitive with d -wave superconductivity. Here, we reexamine this problem by solving strong coupling equations in the full Brillouin zone for experimentally relevant parameters. We find that bond-oriented order, as seen experimentally, is strongly suppressed. We also include coupling to B1 g phonons and do not see any qualitative change. Our results argue against an itinerant model for the charge order, implying instead that such order is likely due to Coulombic phase separation of the doped holes.
Spin Polarized Photons from Axially Charged Plasma at Weak Coupling: Complete Leading Order
Mamo, Kiminad A
2015-01-01
In the presence of (approximately conserved) axial charge in the QCD plasma at finite temperature, the emitted photons are spin-aligned, which is a unique P- and CP-odd signature of axial charge in the photon emission observables. We compute this "P-odd photon emission rate" in weak coupling regime at high temperature limit to complete leading order in the QCD coupling constant: the leading log as well as the constant under the log. As in the P-even total emission rate in the literature, the computation of P-odd emission rate at leading order consists of three parts: 1) Compton and Pair Annihilation processes with hard momentum exchange, 2) soft t- and u-channel contributions with Hard Thermal Loop re-summation, 3) Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal (LPM) re-summation of collinear Bremstrahlung and Pair Annihilation. We present analytical and numerical evaluations of these contributions to our P-odd photon emission rate observable.
Intrinsic Spin-Orbit Coupling in Zigzag and Armchair Graphene Nanoribbons
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ying Li
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Starting from a tight-binding model, we derive the energy gaps induced by intrinsic spin-orbit (ISO coupling in the low-energy band structures of graphene nanoribbons. The armchair graphene nanoribbons may be either semiconducting or metallic, depending on their widths in the absence of ISO interactions. For the metallic ones, the gaps induced by ISO coupling decrease with increasing ribbon widths. For the ISO interactions, we find that zigzag graphene nanoribbons with odd chains still have no band gaps while those with even chains have gaps with a monotonic decreasing dependence on the widths. First-principles calculations have also been carried out, verifying the results of the tight-binding approximation. Our paper reveals that the ISO interaction of graphene nanoribbons is governed by their geometrical parameters.
Spin-Orbit Coupling Effects in AumPtn Clusters (m + n = 4).
Moreno, Norberto; Ferraro, Franklin; Flórez, Elizabeth; Hadad, C Z; Restrepo, Albeiro
2016-03-17
A study of AumPtn(m + n = 4) clusters with and without spin-orbit (SO) coupling using scalar relativistic (SR) and two component methods with the ZORA Hamiltonian was carried out. We employed the PW91 functional in conjunction with the all-electron TZ2P basis set. This paper offers a detailed analysis of the SO effects on the cluster geometries, on the LUMO-HOMO gap, on the charge distribution, and on the relative energies for each relativistic method. In general, SO coupling led to an energetic rearrangement of the species, to changes in geometries and structural preferences, to changes in the structural identity of the global minimum for the Au3Pt, AuPt3 and Pt4 cases, and to a reduction of relative energies among the clusters, an effect that appears stronger as the amount of Pt increases.
Analogue of Rashba pseudo-spin-orbit coupling in photonic lattices by gauge field engineering
Plotnik, Y.; Bandres, M. A.; Stützer, S.; Lumer, Y.; Rechtsman, M. C.; Szameit, A.; Segev, M.
2016-07-01
We present, theoretically and experimentally, the observation of the Rashba effect in photonic lattices, where the effect is brought about by an artificial gauge field, induced by the geometry of the system. In doing that, we demonstrate a particular form of coupling between pseudospin and momentum, resulting in spin-dependent shifts in the spectrum. Our system consists of two coupled, oppositely tilted waveguide arrays, where the evolution of an optical beam allows for probing the dynamics of the evolving wave packets, and the formation of spectral splitting. We show that the Rashba effect can be amplified or decreased through optical nonlinear effects, which correspond to mean-field interactions in various systems such as cold-atom lattices and exciton-polariton condensates.
Scopel, Stefano
2015-01-01
We discuss a scenario where the DAMA modulation effect is explained by a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) which upscatters inelastically to a heavier state and predominantly couples to the spin of protons. In this scenario constraints from xenon and germanium targets are evaded dynamically, due to the suppression of the WIMP coupling to neutrons, while those from fluorine targets are evaded kinematically, because the minimal WIMP incoming speed required to trigger upscatters off fluorine exceeds the maximal WIMP velocity in the Galaxy, or is very close to it. In this scenario WIMP scatterings off sodium are usually sensitive to the large-speed tail of the WIMP velocity distribution and modulated fractions of the signal close to unity arise in a natural way. On the other hand, a halo-independent analysis with more conservative assumptions about the WIMP velocity distribution allows to extend the viable parameter space to configurations where large modulated fractions are not strictly necessary. We di...
Ghosh, Sayandip; Raghuvanshi, Nimisha; Mohapatra, Shubhajyoti; Kumar, Ashish; Singh, Avinash
2016-09-14
Effective spin couplings and spin fluctuation induced quantum corrections to sublattice magnetization are obtained in the [Formula: see text] AF state of a realistic three-orbital interacting electron model involving xz, yz and xy Fe 3d orbitals, providing insight into the multi-orbital quantum antiferromagnetism in iron pnictides. The xy orbital is found to be mainly responsible for the generation of strong ferromagnetic spin coupling in the b direction, which is critically important to fully account for the spin wave dispersion as measured in inelastic neutron scattering experiments. The ferromagnetic spin coupling is strongly suppressed as the xy band approaches half filling, and is ascribed to particle-hole exchange in the partially filled xy band. The strongest AF spin coupling in the a direction is found to be in the orbital off-diagonal sector involving the xz and xy orbitals. First order quantum corrections to sublattice magnetization are evaluated for the three orbitals, and yield a significant [Formula: see text] average reduction from the Hartree-Fock value. PMID:27406889
Spin-orbit coupling in InGaSb-based two-dimensional electron gas
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Guzenko, Vitaliy; Schaepers, Thomas; Cabanas, Sergio [Institute of Bio- and Nanosystems (IBN 1), Reserach Centre Juelich, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Akabori, Masashi; Sato, Taku; Suzuki, Toshi-kazu; Yamada, Syoji [Center for Nano-Materials and Technology (CNMT), Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), Nomi (Japan)
2007-07-01
Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEG) formed in high-mobility InGaSb-based heterostructures with high indium content are promising candidates for spintronic applications because of their strong spin-orbit coupling and large g-factor. To investigate these properties magnetoconductance measurements around zero magnetic field (localization measurements) as well as in strong magnetic fields (coincidence method) were performed. A pronounced enhancement of magnetoconductance at B=0 T due to the weak antilocalization effect was observed, which is an unambiguous indication of the spin-orbit coupling in these samples. Experimental curves measured as a function of temperature could be fitted by a theoretical model, and a quantitative estimation of the characteristic scattering times was done. By the coincidence method g-factor as large as 31 could be determined. By applying an additional constant magnetic field in the plane of 2DEG a strong suppression of the weak antilocalization peak was achieved. This is a qualitative confirmation of the result of the coincidence measurements.
Rashba Spin-Orbit-Coupled Atomic Fermi Gases in a Two-Dimensional Optical Lattice
Koinov, Zlatko; Mendoza, Rafael
2015-11-01
The collective-mode excitation energy of a population-imbalanced spin-orbit-coupled atomic Fermi gas loaded in a two-dimensional optical lattice at zero temperature is calculated within the Gaussian approximation, and from the Bethe-Salpeter equation in the generalized random-phase approximation assuming the existence of a Sarma superfluid state. It is found that the Gaussian approximation overestimates the speed of sound of the Goldstone mode. More interestingly, the Gaussian approximation fails to reproduce the roton-like structure of the collective-mode dispersion which appears after the linear part of the dispersion in the Bethe-Salpeter approach. We investigate the speed of sound of a balanced spin-orbit-coupled atomic Fermi gas near the boundary of the topological phase transition driven by an out-of-plane Zeeman field. It is shown that the minimum of the speed of sound is located at the topological phase transition boundary, and this fact can be used to confirm the existence of a topological phase transition.
Relationship of magnetic behavior and surface spin coupling in Hematite nanowires bundles
Li, D. P.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, P. F.; Xu, J. C.; Han, Y. B.; Jin, H. X.; Jin, D. F.; Peng, X. L.; Hong, B.; Li, J.; Yang, Y. T.; Gong, J.; Ge, H. L.; Wang, X. Q.
2016-08-01
Hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanowires were synthesized using mesoporous SBA-15 silica as the hard templates, and then the well-dispersed α-Fe2O3 nanowires (NWS) were separated from the ordered α-Fe2O3 nanowires bundles (NWBS) by the centrifugation technique. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and surperconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) were used to characterize the microstructure and magnetic properties of the as-prepared samples. All results indicated that the α-Fe2O3 NWS and NWBS with the different interwires distance presented the same diameter for nanowires, which was possible to reveal the exchange interaction between α-Fe2O3 NWBs. Both samples showed ferromagnetism and α-Fe2O3 NWS presented superparamagnetism at high temperature. The magnetic results indicated the surface spin between the neighboring nanowires of α-Fe2O3 NWBs coupled each other. The saturation magnetization of α-Fe2O3 NWBS was lower than that of α-Fe2O3 NWS, while the coercivity and Curie temperature were larger. It was concluded that the surface spin coupling could weaken the surface effect on the magnetic properties for nanostructures.
Bacskay, George B.
1995-08-01
A theoretical study of the Fermi contact contribution to the HH and HD spin-spin coupling constant is reported, with special emphasis on its calculation using quantum chemical techniques over a wide range of internuclear distances, that has necessitated an extension of the existing methodology so the effects of near-degeneracy are properly treated. A detailed configuration interaction calculation on H 2 shows that as the molecule is stretched the coupling constant displays a sharp increase before decaying to zero as the molecule dissociates. Such distance dependence is reflected in the calculated vibrational averages of the coupling constant for HD that show a rapid increase with vibrational excitation.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zarycz, M. Natalia C.; Provasi, Patricio F.; Sauer, Stephan P. A.
2015-01-01
It is investigated, whether the number of excited (pseudo)states can be truncated in the sum-over-states expression for indirect spin-spin coupling constants (SSCC), which is used in the Contributions from Localized Orbitals within the Polarization Propagator Approach and Inner Projections......-correlation functional and the specialized core-property basis set, aug-cc-pVTZ-J. We investigated both how the calculated coupling constants depend on the number of (pseudo)states included in the summation and whether the summation can be truncated in a systematic way at a smaller number of states and extrapolated...... to the total number of (pseudo)states for the given one-electron basis set. We find that this is possible and that for some of the couplings it is sufficient to include only about 30% of the excited (pseudo)states....
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We propose a four-terminal device consisting of two parallel quantum dots with Rashba spin—orbit interaction (RSOI), coupled to two side superconductor leads and two common ferromagnetic leads, respectively. The two ferromagnetic leads and two quantum dots form a ring threaded by Aharonov—Bohm (AB) flux. This device possesses normal quasiparticle transmission between the two ferromagnetic leads, and normal and crossed Andreev reflections providing conductive holes. For the appropriate spin polarization of the ferromagnetic leads, RSOI and AB flux, the pure spin-up (or spin-down) current without net charge current in the right lead, which is due to the equal numbers of electrons and holes with the same spin-polarization moving along the same direction, can be obtained by adjusting the gate voltage, which may be used in practice as a pure spin-current injector. (condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties)
Mfd as a central partner of transcription coupled repair.
Monnet, Jordan; Grange, Wilfried; Strick, Terence R; Joly, Nicolas
2013-01-01
Transcription-coupled repair (TCR) is one of the key of the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathways required to preserve genome integrity. Although understanding TCR is still a major challenge, recent single-molecule experiments have brought new insights into the initial steps of TCR leading to new perspectives.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kimball, Derek F.J.; Lacey, Ian; Valdez, Julian; Swiatlowski, Jerlyn; Rios, Cesar; Peregrina-Ramirez, Rodrigo; Montcrieffe, Caitlin; Kremer, Jackie; Dudley, Jordan; Sanchez, C. [Department of Physics, California State University - East Bay, Hayward, California, 94542-3084 (United States)
2013-07-15
The experimental concept of a search for a long-range coupling between rubidium (Rb) nuclear spins and the mass of the Earth is described. The experiment is based on simultaneous measurement of the spin precession frequencies for overlapping ensembles of {sup 85}Rb and {sup 87}Rb atoms contained within an evacuated, antirelaxation-coated vapor cell. Rubidium atoms are spin-polarized in the presence of an applied magnetic field by synchronous optical pumping with circularly polarized laser light. Spin precession is probed by measuring optical rotation of far-off-resonant, linearly polarized laser light. Simultaneous measurement of {sup 85}Rb and {sup 87}Rb spin precession frequencies enables suppression of magnetic-field-related systematic effects. The nuclear structure of the Rb isotopes makes the experiment particularly sensitive to anomalous spin-dependent interactions of the proton. Experimental sensitivity and a variety of systematic effects are discussed, and initial data are presented. (copyright 2013 by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kuemmeth, Ferdinand; Rashba, E I
2009-01-01
be accompanied with a dramatic change in its spin polarization, up to a total spin flip. This phenomenon is typical of quasiparticles residing away from the Brillouin-zone center and described by higher rank spinors and results in exotic patterns in the angular distribution of photoelectrons....
Orbit-Spin Coupling Accelerations and the 2007 Global-Scale Dust Storm on Mars
Shirley, James H.; Mischna, Michael A.
2016-10-01
Global-scale dust storms (GDS) occasionally occur during the southern summer season on Mars. The most recent such storm occurred in 2007 (Mars year 28). We employ a modified version of the MarsWRF global circulation model to simulate atmospheric conditions on Mars leading up to this event. Accelerations due to orbit-spin coupling (arxiv.org/abs/1605.02707) have been incorporated within the dynamical core of the MarsWRF GCM (arxiv.org/abs/1602.09137). We have previously documented an "intensification" of the large scale circulation (as represented in the GCM) due to these accelerations during the dust storm season of MY 28. In this presentation we look more closely at the differences between GCM outcomes for runs performed both with and without the "coupling term accelerations" for this important year. The current version of the GCM has a number of shortcomings; most significantly, we do not yet include radiatively active dust within our simulations. The GCM thus cannot replicate the rapid warming and inflation of the atmosphere that occurs soon after significant dust lifting has commenced; and we do not address specific mechanisms of dust lifting. Nonetheless our model outcomes provide some insight into phenomena such as the variability of global wind systems during intervals leading up to the inception of the global storm. The phasing and amplitude of the orbit-spin coupling accelerations (arxiv.org/abs/1605.01452) for the current Mars year (MY 33) are in some ways similar to those calculated for MY 28. Thus we will also examine and describe MarsWRF model outcomes for the current dust storm season.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jiang Xue-Fan; Liu Xian-Feng; Wu Yin-Zhong; Han Jiu-Rong
2012-01-01
The magnetic and electronic properties of the geometrically frustrated triangular antiferromagnet CuCrO2 are investigated by first principles through density functional theory calculations within the generalized gradient approximations (GGA)+U scheme.The spin exchange interactions up to the third nearest neighbours in the ab plane as well as the coupling between adjacent layers are calculated to examine the magnetism and spin frustration.It is found that CuCrO2 has a natural two-dimensional characteristic of the magnetic interaction.Using Monte-Carlo simulation,we obtain the Néel temperature to be 29.9 K,which accords well with the experimental value of 24 K.Based on noncollinear magnetic structure calculations,we verify that the incommensurate spiral-spin structure with (110) spiral plane is believable for the magnetic ground state,which is consistent with the experimental observations.Due to intra-layer geometric spin frustration,parallel helical-spin chains arise along the a,b,or a + b directions,each with a screw-rotation angle of about 120°.Our calculations of the density of states show that the spin frustration plays an important role in the change of d-p hybridization,while the spin-orbit coupling has a very limited influence on the electronic structure.
Wilke, Jeremiah J; Schaefer, Henry F
2011-08-01
R12 methods have now been established to improve both the efficiency and accuracy of wave function-based theories. While closed-shell and spin-orbital methodologies for coupled cluster theory are well-studied, R12 corrections based on an open-shell, spin-restricted formalism have not been well developed. We present an efficient spin-restricted R12 method based on the symmetric exchange or Z-averaged approach that reduces the number of variational parameters. The current formalism reduces spin contamination relative to unrestricted methods but remains rigorously size consistent in contrast to other spin-adapted formulations. The theory is derived entirely in spin-orbital quantities, but Z-averaged symmetries are exploited to minimize the computational work in the residual equations. R12 corrections are formulated in a perturbative manner and are therefore obtained with little extra cost relative to the standard coupled cluster problem. R12 results with only a triple-ζ basis are competitive with conventional aug-cc-pV5Z and aug-cc-pV6Z results, demonstrating the utility of the method in thermochemical problems for high-spin open-shell systems.
Snyder, Jeff; Hanstock, Chris C.; Wilman, Alan H.
2009-10-01
A general in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy editing technique is presented to detect weakly coupled spin systems through subtraction, while preserving singlets through addition, and is applied to the specific brain metabolite γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) at 4.7 T. The new method uses double spin echo localization (PRESS) and is based on a constant echo time difference spectroscopy approach employing subtraction of two asymmetric echo timings, which is normally only applicable to strongly coupled spin systems. By utilizing flip angle reduction of one of the two refocusing pulses in the PRESS sequence, we demonstrate that this difference method may be extended to weakly coupled systems, thereby providing a very simple yet effective editing process. The difference method is first illustrated analytically using a simple two spin weakly coupled spin system. The technique was then demonstrated for the 3.01 ppm resonance of GABA, which is obscured by the strong singlet peak of creatine in vivo. Full numerical simulations, as well as phantom and in vivo experiments were performed. The difference method used two asymmetric PRESS timings with a constant total echo time of 131 ms and a reduced 120° final pulse, providing 25% GABA yield upon subtraction compared to two short echo standard PRESS experiments. Phantom and in vivo results from human brain demonstrate efficacy of this method in agreement with numerical simulations.
Strong coupling of an NV- spin ensemble to a superconducting resonator
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This thesis is motivated by the idea of hybrid quantum systems, one promising approach to exploit quantum mechanics for information processing. The main challenge in this field is to counteract decoherence - an inevitable companion of every quantum system. Indeed some quantum systems are intrinsically better isolated from their environment and are therefore less prone to the loss of coherence. But it's the ambivalent nature of decoherence that these highly isolated systems are usually very difficult to interact with and coherently control. To overcome these obstacles ideas were born to combine or hybridize different quantum systems with mutually opposing properties - fast control and long coherence times - and take advantage of the prospective better behavior of the combined system. In this thesis, defects in single crystal diamond - negatively-charged nitrogen-vacancy centers (NV- centers) - are chosen as the quantum memory medium. Because an NV- center constitutes a defect in a solid, its combination with other solid-state quantum systems, as electrical circuits based on Josephson junctions, appears natural. In our work we aimed at the integration of a large number of NV- centers in a circuit quantum electrodynamics (cQED) set-up. These circuits, operating at microwave frequencies, are extremely fast and versatile quantum processors but suffer from short coherence times. Usually single microwave photons stored in a resonant circuit act as information carrier between different parts of the chip. As a main result we observe the coherent energy exchange between the NV- color centers and the electromagnetic field of a microwave resonator. We study in detail a number of important aspects of collective magnetic spin-field coupling as the characteristic scaling with the square root of the number of emitters. Additionally we measure weak coupling to 13C nuclear spins mediated by the hyperfine coupling to the NV- electron spins. The quantum memory capabilities of
Barker, Bradford; Deslippe, Jack; Yazyev, Oleg; Louie, Steven
2011-03-01
Spin-orbit coupling is an essential ingredient in understanding the electronic properties of materials of recent interest. We have developed a means of incorporating spin-orbit coupling to the quasiparticle excitations in solids within the GW approach. We apply our method to the properties of materials with heavy ion cores. This work was supported by National Science Foundation Grant No. DMR10-1006184, the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. Computational resources have been provided by NERSC.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Eliav, U., E-mail: amirgo@tau.ac.il, E-mail: eliav@tau.ac.il; Haimovich, A.; Goldbourt, A., E-mail: amirgo@tau.ac.il, E-mail: eliav@tau.ac.il [School of Chemistry, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel)
2016-01-14
We discuss and analyze four magic-angle spinning solid-state NMR methods that can be used to measure internuclear distances and to obtain correlation spectra between a spin I = 1/2 and a half-integer spin S > 1/2 having a small quadrupolar coupling constant. Three of the methods are based on the heteronuclear multiple-quantum and single-quantum correlation experiments, that is, high rank tensors that involve the half spin and the quadrupolar spin are generated. Here, both zero and single-quantum coherence of the half spins are allowed and various coherence orders of the quadrupolar spin are generated, and filtered, via active recoupling of the dipolar interaction. As a result of generating coherence orders larger than one, the spectral resolution for the quadrupolar nucleus increases linearly with the coherence order. Since the formation of high rank tensors is independent of the existence of a finite quadrupolar interaction, these experiments are also suitable to materials in which there is high symmetry around the quadrupolar spin. A fourth experiment is based on the initial quadrupolar-driven excitation of symmetric high order coherences (up to p = 2S, where S is the spin number) and subsequently generating by the heteronuclear dipolar interaction higher rank (l + 1 or higher) tensors that involve also the half spins. Due to the nature of this technique, it also provides information on the relative orientations of the quadrupolar and dipolar interaction tensors. For the ideal case in which the pulses are sufficiently strong with respect to other interactions, we derive analytical expressions for all experiments as well as for the transferred echo double resonance experiment involving a quadrupolar spin. We show by comparison of the fitting of simulations and the analytical expressions to experimental data that the analytical expressions are sufficiently accurate to provide experimental {sup 7}Li–{sup 13}C distances in a complex of lithium, glycine, and water
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Cun-Xi; Nie Yi-Hang; Liang Jiu-Qing
2008-01-01
We have investigated theoretically the field-driven electron-transport through a double-quantum-well semiconductor-heterostructure with spin-orbit coupling. The numerical results demonstrate that the transmission spectra are divided into two sets due to the bound-state level-splitting and each set contains two asymmetric resonance peaks which may be selectively suppressed by changing the difference in phase between two driving fields. When the phase difference changes from O to π, the dip of asymmetric resonance shifts from one side of resonance peak to the other side and the asymmetric Fano resonance degenerates into the symmetric Breit-Wigner resonance at a critical value of phase difference. Within a given range of incident electron energy, the spin polarization of transmission current is completely governed by the phase difference which may be used to realize the tunable spin filtering.
On the Coupling Problem of Higher Spin Fields in 2+1 Dimension
Rolando Gaitan, D
2007-01-01
The coupling problem of higher spin fields with a non dynamical background is revisited, focussing our attention in 2+1 dimensional space-time. Starting with a suitable Lagrangian field formulation, we study causality and the conservation of local degrees of freedom in a theory with gravitational (no dynamical) interaction, verifying that this type of theories must be consistent only in some space-time (i.e., dS/AdS). On the other hand, we consider the gravitational field as a dynamical object coupled with material fields as sources, from the point of view of a Yang-Mills gauge formulation for gravity. There we found some constraints on the shape of material fields and we show that introduction of auxiliary fields coupled with gauge connection does eliminate those constraints. The model of a Yang-Mills gauge formulation for topological massive gravity with cosmological constant is briefly introduced and we show that its field equations are consistent with the well known cosmologically extended topological mas...
Chahid, M
2000-01-01
The purpose of the present work is a quantitative study of the spin time relaxation within superweak ferrimagnetic materials exhibiting a paramagnetic-ferrimagnetic transition, when the temperature is changed from an initial value T sub i to a final one T sub f very close to the critical temperature T sub c. From a magnetic point of view, the material under investigation is considered to be made of two strongly coupled paramagnetic sublattices of respective moments phi (cursive,open) Greek and psi. Calculations are made within a Landau mean-field theory, whose free energy involves, in addition to quadratic and quartic terms in both moments phi (cursive,open) Greek and psi, a lowest-order coupling - Cphi (cursive,open) Greek psi, where C<0 stands for the coupling constant measuring the interaction between the two sublattices. We first determine the time dependence of the shifts of the order parameters delta phi (cursive,open) Greek and delta psi from the equilibrium state. We find that this time dependence ...
Quantum spin transistor with a Heisenberg spin chain
Marchukov, O. V.; Volosniev, A. G.; Valiente, M.; Petrosyan, D.; Zinner, N. T.
2016-10-01
Spin chains are paradigmatic systems for the studies of quantum phases and phase transitions, and for quantum information applications, including quantum computation and short-distance quantum communication. Here we propose and analyse a scheme for conditional state transfer in a Heisenberg XXZ spin chain which realizes a quantum spin transistor. In our scheme, the absence or presence of a control spin excitation in the central gate part of the spin chain results in either perfect transfer of an arbitrary state of a target spin between the weakly coupled input and output ports, or its complete blockade at the input port. We also discuss a possible proof-of-concept realization of the corresponding spin chain with a one-dimensional ensemble of cold atoms with strong contact interactions. Our scheme is generally applicable to various implementations of tunable spin chains, and it paves the way for the realization of integrated quantum logic elements.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Adebayo A. Adeniyi
2015-01-01
Full Text Available The changes in the interatomic distances and the corresponding spin-spin coupling as a result of the hydrolysis of the ruthenium complexes and the effects of different derivatives of the pyrazole ligands and the substituents methyl, carboxylic, and phenyl on the pyrazole rings were studied. A good agreement was obtained between the experimental and the theoretical proton NMR. Significant changes are observed in the isotropic and anisotropic shielding tensor of the atoms and related spin-spin coupling of their bonds due to hydrolysis of the complexes. This observation gives more insight into the known mechanism of activation of the ruthenium complexes by hydrolysis. There are no direct effects of interatomic distances on many of the computed spin-spin couplings with the exception of 1J(Ru-N which shows significant changes especially within the pair of 1J(Ru-N in the complexes with two nitrogen atoms of the bis-pyrazole moiety. The magnitude of interatomic spin-spin coupling of the Ru-X follows the order of Ru-Cl > Ru-N > Ru-C > Ru-O. The Ramsey term Fermi contact (FC has the most significant contribution in most of the computed spin-spin interactions except in 1J(Ru-Cl and 1J(N-N⁎ which are predominantly defined by the contribution from the paramagnetic spin orbit (PSO.
Berezovsky, Jesse; Wolf, Michael; Badea, Robert
A ferromagnetic (FM) vortex coupled to nitrogen-vacancy (NV) spins in diamond provides an integrated platform for fast, nanoscale addressability of coherent spins. The vortex moves in a complex effective potential landscape set by the geometry of the disk and the defects present in the material. As the vortex moves through this landscape, the coupling to a proximal NV varies. We use differential magneto-optical microscopy to extract the effective potential through which the vortex moves, and optically-detected magnetic resonance to study the coupling of the vortex to an adjacent NV spin. When multiple local minima are present in the vortex potential, the vortex/NV coupling displays bistability. We switch between these bistable states with short magnetic field pulses. This allows an NV spin transition to be switched between on-resonance and off-resonance with a driving field with the same set of external parameters, and also yields information about the mechanisms of vortex/NV coupling We acknowledge support from US Department of Energy, Award #DE-SC008148.
Spin-orbit coupling induced by band hybridization in Graphene/WS2 heterostructures
Yang, Bowen; Tu, Min-Feng; Kim, Jeongwoo; Wu, Yong; Alicea, Jason; Wu, Ruqian; Bockrath, Marc; Shi, Jing
Graphene are known to have a negligibly small intrinsic spin-orbit coupling (SOC), however, many novel physical phenomena such as the quantum spin Hall effect and the quantum anomalous Hall effect have been predicted if strong SOC exists in graphene. Despite that many theoretical studies have been carried out on the enhancement of the SOC strength in graphene, few experiments have been conducted to confirm the existence of and investigate the physical origin of the enhanced SOC in graphene. Here we demonstrated the introduction of SOC into graphene through the proximity effect by stacking WS2 onto graphene. We studied the magnetoconductance of graphene and found weak antilocalization emerges when graphene is covered by WS2. This is in a clear contrast with the weak localization behavior observed in bare graphene and thus provides an unambiguous evidence of the induced Rashba SOC. By focusing on a high carrier density region, we showed that it is possible to reliably extract the strength of Rashba SOC. Furthermore, via investigating the electric field dependence of the Rashba SOC with a dual-gate device, we found that the origin of this enhanced SOC is the band hybridization between graphene and WS2, in agreement with our theoretical calculations. The work was supported by the Grant DE-FG02-07ER4635 funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science.
Multi-reference approach to the calculation of photoelectron spectra including spin-orbit coupling
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
X-ray photoelectron spectra provide a wealth of information on the electronic structure. The extraction of molecular details requires adequate theoretical methods, which in case of transition metal complexes has to account for effects due to the multi-configurational and spin-mixed nature of the many-electron wave function. Here, the restricted active space self-consistent field method including spin-orbit coupling is used to cope with this challenge and to calculate valence- and core-level photoelectron spectra. The intensities are estimated within the frameworks of the Dyson orbital formalism and the sudden approximation. Thereby, we utilize an efficient computational algorithm that is based on a biorthonormal basis transformation. The approach is applied to the valence photoionization of the gas phase water molecule and to the core ionization spectrum of the [Fe(H2O)6]2+ complex. The results show good agreement with the experimental data obtained in this work, whereas the sudden approximation demonstrates distinct deviations from experiments
Large trigonal-field effect on spin-orbit coupled states in a pyrochlore iridate
Uematsu, Daisuke; Sagayama, Hajime; Arima, Taka-hisa; Ishikawa, Jun J.; Nakatsuji, Satoru; Takagi, Hidenori; Yoshida, Masahiro; Mizuki, Jun'ichiro; Ishii, Kenji
2015-09-01
The half-filled topmost valence band of Ir4 + in several iridates such as Sr2IrO4 ,IrO2, and CaIrO3 has been proposed to originate mainly from the spin-orbit coupled Jeff=1 /2 states. In pyrochlore iridates R2Ir2O7 (R : rare earth), some exotic electronic states are theoretically proposed by assuming Jeff=1 /2 states. However, the octahedral coordination around Ir is trigonally distorted, which may affect the energy level scheme of Ir 5 d states. Here, we report spectra of resonant elastic and inelastic x-ray scattering in Eu2Ir2O7 at the Ir L edges. A large suppression of the magnetic scattering signal at the Ir LII edge supports the Jeff=1 /2 picture rather than the S =1 /2 one. The inelastic scattering spectrum indicates that the magnitude of the trigonal field on the Ir4 + states is evaluated to be comparable to the spin-orbit interaction. The energy diagram of the 5 d state is proposed based on the simple cluster model.
Trion fine structure and coupled spin-valley dynamics in monolayer tungsten disulfide.
Plechinger, Gerd; Nagler, Philipp; Arora, Ashish; Schmidt, Robert; Chernikov, Alexey; Del Águila, Andrés Granados; Christianen, Peter C M; Bratschitsch, Rudolf; Schüller, Christian; Korn, Tobias
2016-01-01
Monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides have recently emerged as possible candidates for valleytronic applications, as the spin and valley pseudospin are directly coupled and stabilized by a large spin splitting. The optical properties of these two-dimensional crystals are dominated by tightly bound electron-hole pairs (excitons) and more complex quasiparticles such as charged excitons (trions). Here we investigate monolayer WS2 samples via photoluminescence and time-resolved Kerr rotation. In photoluminescence and in energy-dependent Kerr rotation measurements, we are able to resolve two different trion states, which we interpret as intravalley and intervalley trions. Using time-resolved Kerr rotation, we observe a rapid initial valley polarization decay for the A exciton and the trion states. Subsequently, we observe a crossover towards exciton-exciton interaction-related dynamics, consistent with the formation and decay of optically dark A excitons. By contrast, resonant excitation of the B exciton transition leads to a very slow decay of the Kerr signal. PMID:27586517
Multi-reference approach to the calculation of photoelectron spectra including spin-orbit coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Grell, Gilbert; Bokarev, Sergey I., E-mail: sergey.bokarev@uni-rostock.de; Kühn, Oliver [Institut für Physik, Universität Rostock, D-18051 Rostock (Germany); Winter, Bernd; Seidel, Robert [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Methods for Material Development, Albert-Einstein-Strasse 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Aziz, Emad F. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Methods for Material Development, Albert-Einstein-Strasse 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Department of Physics, Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimalle 14, D-14159 Berlin (Germany); Aziz, Saadullah G. [Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, 21589 Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)
2015-08-21
X-ray photoelectron spectra provide a wealth of information on the electronic structure. The extraction of molecular details requires adequate theoretical methods, which in case of transition metal complexes has to account for effects due to the multi-configurational and spin-mixed nature of the many-electron wave function. Here, the restricted active space self-consistent field method including spin-orbit coupling is used to cope with this challenge and to calculate valence- and core-level photoelectron spectra. The intensities are estimated within the frameworks of the Dyson orbital formalism and the sudden approximation. Thereby, we utilize an efficient computational algorithm that is based on a biorthonormal basis transformation. The approach is applied to the valence photoionization of the gas phase water molecule and to the core ionization spectrum of the [Fe(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]{sup 2+} complex. The results show good agreement with the experimental data obtained in this work, whereas the sudden approximation demonstrates distinct deviations from experiments.
Multi-reference approach to the calculation of photoelectron spectra including spin-orbit coupling
Grell, Gilbert; Winter, Bernd; Seidel, Robert; Aziz, Emad F; Aziz, Saadullah G; Kühn, Oliver
2015-01-01
X-ray photoelectron spectra provide a wealth of information on the electronic structure. The extraction of molecular details requires adequate theoretical methods, which in case of transition metal complexes has to account for effects due to the multi-configurational and spin-mixed nature of the many-electron wave function. Here, the Restricted Active Space Self-Consistent Field method including spin-orbit coupling is used to cope with this challenge and to calculate valence and core photoelectron spectra. The intensities are estimated within the frameworks of the Dyson orbital formalism and the sudden approximation. Thereby, we utilize an efficient computational algorithm that is based on a biorthonormal basis transformation. The approach is applied to the valence photoionization of the gas phase water molecule and to the core ionization spectrum of the $\\text{[Fe(H}_2\\text{O)}_6\\text{]}^{2+}$ complex. The results show good agreement with the experimental data obtained in this work, whereas the sudden approx...
Controlling Rashba spin orbit coupling in polar two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide
Yao, Qun-Fang; Tong, Wen-Yi; Gong, Shi-Jing; Wang, Ji-Qing; Wan, Xian-gang; Duan, Chun-Gang; Chu, J H
2016-01-01
Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) group of materials MXY (M=Mo, W, X(not equal to)Y=S, Se, Te) are two-dimensional polar semiconductors with Rashba spin orbit coupling (SOC). Setting WSeTe as an example and using density functional theory calculations, we investigate the influence of biaxial strain and electric field on Rashba SOC in MXY monolayer. The orbital analysis reveals that Rashba spin splitting around Gamma point occurs mainly through the SOC matrix elements between the W-dz2 and -dxz/yz orbitals, and those between the Se-pz and -px/y orbitals. We find the change of local electric field between Se and W atoms arising from the mirror symmetry breaking plays the critical role in forming the large Rashba SOC, and through a relatively small compressive/tensile strain (from -2% to 2%), a large tunability of Rashba SOC can be obtained due to the modified W-Se bonding interaction. In addition, we also explore the influence of electric field on Rashba SOC in WSeTe, which can impact the charge d...
Stroppa, Alessandro; Di Sante, Domenico; Barone, Paolo; Bokdam, Menno; Kresse, Georg; Franchini, Cesare; Whangbo, Myung-Hwan; Picozzi, Silvia
2014-01-01
Ferroelectricity is a potentially crucial issue in halide perovskites, breakthrough materials in photovoltaic research. Using density functional theory simulations and symmetry analysis, we show that the lead-free perovskite iodide (FA)SnI3, containing the planar formamidinium cation FA, (NH2CHNH2)(+), is ferroelectric. In fact, the perpendicular arrangement of FA planes, leading to a 'weak' polarization, is energetically more stable than parallel arrangements of FA planes, being either antiferroelectric or 'strong' ferroelectric. Moreover, we show that the 'weak' and 'strong' ferroelectric states with the polar axis along different crystallographic directions are energetically competing. Therefore, at least at low temperatures, an electric field could stabilize different states with the polarization rotated by π/4, resulting in a highly tunable ferroelectricity appealing for multistate logic. Intriguingly, the relatively strong spin-orbit coupling in noncentrosymmetric (FA)SnI3 gives rise to a co-existence of Rashba and Dresselhaus effects and to a spin texture that can be induced, tuned and switched by an electric field controlling the ferroelectric state. PMID:25533044
Meng, Kangkang; Xiao, Jiaxing; Wu, Yong; Miao, Jun; Xu, Xiaoguang; Zhao, Jianhua; Jiang, Yong
2016-01-01
The hybrid magnetoresistance (MR) behaviors in Pt/Co90Fe10/Pt, Mn1.5Ga/Pt and Mn1.5Ga/Pt/Co90Fe10/Pt multilayers have been investigated. Both planer Hall effect (PHE) and angle-dependent MR in Pt/Co90Fe10/Pt revealed the combination of spin Hall MR (SMR) and normal anisotropic MR (AMR), indicating the large contribution of strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC) at the interfaces. When Pt contacted with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) metal Mn1.5Ga, the strong interfacial SOC modified the effective anomalous Hall effect. The MR in Mn1.5Ga/Pt/Co90Fe10/Pt is not a simple combination of SMR and AMR, but ascribed to the complicated domain wall scattering and strong interfacial SOC when Pt is sandwiched by the in-plane magnetized Co90Fe10 and the PMA Mn1.5Ga. PMID:26843035
Coupling of spin and angular momentum of light in plasmonic vortex.
Cho, Seong-Woo; Park, Junghyun; Lee, Seung-Yeol; Kim, Hwi; Lee, Byoungho
2012-04-23
We present that two distinct optical properties of light, the spin angular momentum (SAM) and the orbital angular momentum (OAM), can be coupled in the plasmonic vortex. If a plasmonic vortex lens (PVL) is illuminated by the helical vector beam (HVB) with the SAM and OAM, then those distinct angular momenta contribute to the generation of the plasmonic vortex together. The analytical model reveals that the total topological charge of the generated plasmonic vortex is given by a linear summation of those of the SAM and OAM, as well as the geometric charge of the PVL. The generation of the plasmonic vortex and the manipulation of the fractional topological charge are also presented. PMID:22535099
Robin, Caroline
2016-01-01
A new theoretical approach to spin-isospin excitations in open-shell nuclei is presented. The developed method is based on the relativistic meson-exchange nuclear Lagrangian of Quantum Hadrodynamics and extends the response theory for superfluid nuclear systems beyond relativistic quasiparticle random phase approximation in the proton-neutron channel (pn-RQRPA). The coupling between quasiparticle degrees of freedom and collective vibrations (phonons) introduces a time-dependent effective interaction, in addition to the exchange of pion and $\\rho$-meson taken into account without retardation. The time-dependent contributions are treated in the resonant time-blocking approximation, in analogy to previously developed relativistic quasiparticle time blocking approximation (RQTBA) in the neutral (non-isospin-flip) channel. The new method is called proton-neutron RQTBA (pn-RQTBA) and applied to Gamow-Teller resonance in a chain of neutron-rich Nickel isotopes $^{68-78}$Ni. A strong fragmentation of the resonance al...
Spin-rotation coupling in non-exponential decay of hydrogenlike heavy ions
Lambiase, G; Scarpetta, G
2008-01-01
We discuss a model in which a recently reported modulation in the decay of the hydrogenlike ions ${}^{140}$Pr$^{58 +}$ and ${}^{142}$Pm$^{60 +}$ arises from the coupling of rotation to the spin of electron and nuclei (Thomas precession). A similar model describes the electron modulation in muon $ g-2$ experiments correctly. Agreement with the GSI experimental results is obtained for the current QED-values of the bound electron g-factors, $g({}^{140}$Pr$^{58 +})=1.872$ and $g({}^{142}$Pm$^{60 +})=1.864$, if the Lorentz factor of the bound electron is $\\sim 1.88$. The latter is fixed by either of the two sets of experimental data. The model predicts that the modulation is not observable if the motion of the ions is linear, or if the ions are stopped in a target.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kudo, Kiwamu, E-mail: kiwamu.kudo@toshiba.co.jp; Suto, Hirofumi; Nagasawa, Tazumi; Mizushima, Koichi; Sato, Rie [Corporate Research and Development Center, Toshiba Corporation, Kawasaki 212–8582 (Japan)
2014-10-28
The fundamental function of any oscillator is to produce a waveform with a stable frequency. Here, we show a method of frequency stabilization for spin-torque nano-oscillators (STNOs) that relies on coupling with an adjacent nanomagnet through the magnetic dipole–dipole interaction. It is numerically demonstrated that highly stable oscillations occur as a result of mutual feedback between an STNO and a nanomagnet. The nanomagnet acts as a nonlinear resonator for the STNO. This method is based on the nonlinear behavior of the resonator and can be considered as a magnetic analogue of an optimization scheme in nanoelectromechanical systems. The oscillation frequency is most stabilized when the nanomagnet is driven at a special feedback point at which the feedback noise between the STNO and resonator is completely eliminated.
Observation of the supersolid stripe phase in spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensates
Li, Junru; Huang, Wujie; Burchesky, Sean; Shteynas, Boris; Top, Furkan Çağrı; Jamison, Alan O; Ketterle, Wolfgang
2016-01-01
Supersolidity is an intriguing concept. It combines the property of superfluid flow with the long-range spatial periodicity of solids, two properties which are often mutually exclusive. The original discussion of quantum crystals and supersolidity focuses on solid Helium-4 where it was predicted that vacancies could form dilute weakly interacting Bose-Einstein condensates. In this system, direct observation of supersolidity has been elusive. The concept of supersolidity was then generalized to include other superfluid systems which break the translational symmetry of space. One of such systems is a Bose-Einstein condensate with spin-orbit coupling which has a supersolid stripe phase. Despite several recent studies of this system, the stripe phase has not been observed. Here we report the direct observation of the predicted density modulation of the stripe phase using Bragg reflection. Our work establishes a system with unique symmetry breaking properties. Of future interest is further spatial symmetry breakin...
Response of a coupled two-spin system to on-resonance amplitude modulated RF pulses
Zhou, Jinyuan; Ye, Chaohui; Sanctuary, B. C.
A weakly scalar-coupled two-spin system subjected to two amplitude modulated RF pulses on exact resonance is treated by means of the rotation operator approach. The theory presented here enables coherence evolution to be evaluated by the routine procedure and to be expressed in analytical form. The evolution behaviour from the equilibrium state is discussed in some detail. It is shown that the application of rotation matrix and quaternion elements clarifies evolution expressions. The numerical calculation is performed by way of quaternions. Examples of BURP (band-selective, uniform response, purephase) and sinc-shaped RF pulses are given and the case of time-symmetrical RF pulses is analysed further.
Hackens, B.; Minet, J. P.; Faniel, S.; Farhi, G.; Gustin, C.; Issi, J. P.; Heremans, J. P.; Bayot, V.
2003-03-01
The phase coherence time τφ and spin-orbit coupling time τso are measured in a bismuth quasiballistic nanocavity and in bismuth thin films using weak antilocalization and universal conductance fluctuations. The cavity is found to be zero dimensional for phase-coherent processes at low temperature. Weak antilocalization seems weakly affected by this drastic reduction of dimensionality. The temperature dependence of τφ is similar in both types of samples, qualitatively consistent with low-energy transfer two-dimensional electron-electron interaction effects as the dominant dephasing mechanism. Strikingly, τφ in the dot is found to be an order-of-magnitude smaller than in the film, and orders-of-magnitude smaller than the theoretical prediction.
Gate-tunable indirect exchange interaction in spin-orbit-coupled mesoscopic rings
Nikoofard, H.; Heidari Semiromi, E.
2015-05-01
We study the carrier-mediated exchange interaction, the so-called Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) coupling, between two magnetic impurity moments embedded in a semiconductor mesoscopic ring. We treat the ring in the presence of an Aharonov-Bohm-type magnetic flux and the Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions (RSOI and DSOI). Energy eigenvalues of the system are obtained within a tight-binding framework and the strength of the indirect exchange interaction vs. RSOI strengths are plotted for different values of DSOI strength. The results show that the type of the impurity magnetic order, ferromagnetic (F) or antiferromagnetic (AF), depends on the RSOI and DSOI strengths. This leads to a full electrical control on the magnetic alignment of the system through, e.g., an external gate voltage.
Xiao, Cong; Li, Dingping
2016-06-15
Semiclassical magnetoelectric and magnetothermoelectric transport in strongly spin-orbit coupled Rashba two-dimensional electron systems is investigated. In the presence of a perpendicular classically weak magnetic field and short-range impurity scattering, we solve the linearized Boltzmann equation self-consistently. Using the solution, it is found that when Fermi energy E F locates below the band crossing point (BCP), the Hall coefficient is a nonmonotonic function of electron density n e and not inversely proportional to n e. While the magnetoresistance (MR) and Nernst coefficient vanish when E F locates above the BCP, non-zero MR and enhanced Nernst coefficient emerge when E F decreases below the BCP. Both of them are nonmonotonic functions of E F below the BCP. The different semiclassical magnetotransport behaviors between the two sides of the BCP can be helpful to experimental identifications of the band valley regime and topological change of Fermi surface in considered systems. PMID:27157714
Extensive ab initio study of the electronic states of BSe radical including spin-orbit coupling
Liu, Siyuan; Zhai, Hongsheng; Liu, Yufang
2016-06-01
The internally contracted multi-reference configuration interaction method (MRCI) with Davidson modification and the Douglas-Kroll scalar relativistic correction has been used to calculate the BSe molecule at the level of aug-cc-pV5Z basis set. The calculated electronic states, including 9 doublet and 6 quartet Λ-S states, are correlated to the dissociation limit of B(2Pu) + Se(3Pg) and B(2Pu) + Se(1Dg). The Spin-orbit coupling (SOC) interaction is taken into account via the state interaction approach with the full Breit-Pauli Hamiltonian operator, which causes the entire 15 Λ-S states to split into 32 Ω states. This is the first time that the spin-orbit coupling calculation has been carried out on BSe. The potential energy curves of the Λ-S and Ω electronic states are depicted with the aid of the avoided crossing rule between electronic states of the same symmetry. The spectroscopic constants of the bound Λ-S and Ω states were determined, which are in good agreement with the experimental data. The transition dipole moments (TDMs) and the Franck-Condon factors (FCs) of the transitions from the low-lying bound Ω states A2Π(I)3/2, B2Π(I)1/2 and C2Δ(I)3/2 to the ground state X2Σ+1/2 have also been presented. Based on the previous calculations, the radiative lifetimes of the A2Π(I)3/2, B2Π(I)1/2 and C2Δ(I)3/2 were evaluated.
Yesinowski, James P.
2015-03-01
Measuring true spin-lattice relaxation times T1 of half-integral quadrupolar nuclei having non-zero nuclear quadrupole coupling constants (NQCCs) presents challenges due to the presence of satellite-transitions (STs) that may lie outside the excitation bandwidth of the central transition (CT). This leads to complications in establishing well-defined initial conditions for the population differences in these multi-level systems. In addition, experiments involving magic-angle spinning (MAS) can introduce spin exchange due to zero-crossings of the ST and CT (or possibly rotational resonance recoupling in the case of multiple sites) and greatly altered initial conditions as well. An extensive comparison of pulse sequences that have been previously used to measure T1 in such systems is reported, using the 71Ga (I = 3/2) NMR of a Ge-doped h-GaN n-type semiconductor sample as the test case. The T1 values were measured at the peak maximum of the Knight shift distribution. Analytical expressions for magnetization-recovery of the CT appropriate to the pulse sequences tested were used, involving contributions from both a magnetic relaxation mechanism (rate constant W) and a quadrupolar one (rate constants W1 and W2, approximately equal in this case). An asynchronous train of high-power saturating pulses under MAS that is able to completely saturate both CT and STs is found to be the most reliable and accurate method for obtaining the "true T1", defined here as (2W + 2W1,2)-1. All other methods studied yielded poor agreement with this "true T1" value or even resulted in gross errors, for reasons that are analyzed in detail. These methods involved a synchronous train of saturating pulses under MAS, an inversion-recovery sequence under MAS or static conditions, and a saturating comb of pulses on a static sample. Although the present results were obtained on a sample where the magnetic relaxation mechanism dominated the quadrupolar one, the asynchronous saturating pulse train
Towards control of the size and helicity of skyrmions in helimagnetic alloys by spin-orbit coupling
Shibata, K.; Yu, X. Z.; Hara, T.; Morikawa, D.; Kanazawa, N.; Kimoto, K.; Ishiwata, S.; Matsui, Y.; Tokura, Y.
2013-10-01
Chirality--that is, left- or right-handedness--is an important concept in a broad range of scientific areas. In condensed matter, chirality is found not only in molecular or crystal forms, but also in magnetic structures. A magnetic skyrmion is a topologically stable spin vortex structure, as observed in chiral-lattice helimagnets, and is one example of such a structure. The spin swirling direction (skyrmion helicity) should be closely related to the underlying lattice chirality via the relativistic spin-orbit coupling. Here, we report on the correlation between skyrmion helicity and crystal chirality in alloys of helimagnets Mn1-xFexGe with varying compositions by Lorentz transmission electron microscopy and convergent-beam electron diffraction over a broad range of compositions (x = 0.3-1.0). The skyrmion lattice constant shows non-monotonous variation with composition x, with a divergent behaviour around x = 0.8, where the correlation between magnetic helicity and crystal chirality changes sign. This originates from continuous variation of the spin-orbit coupling strength and its sign reversal in the metallic alloys as a function of x. Controllable spin-orbit coupling may offer a promising way to tune skyrmion size and helicity.
Long-range spin coupling: a tetraphosphine-bridged palladium dimer.
Arumugam, Kuppuswamy; Shaw, Mohammed C; Mague, Joel T; Bill, Eckhard; Sproules, Stephen; Donahue, James P
2011-04-01
The dipalladium compound [{(adt)Pd}(2)(μ-tpbz)] (1) (adt = bis(p-anisyl)-1,2-ethylenedithiolate, tpbz = 1,2,4,5-tetrakis(diphenylphosphino)benzene) has been synthesized from [{Cl(2)Pd}(2)(μ-tpbz)] by transmetalation employing (adt)SnMe(2). The cyclic voltammogram (CV) of 1 reveals reversible oxidation waves at 0.00 V and +0.50 V (vs [Fc](+)/Fc) with current amplitude twice that for identical processes in the monopalladium compound [(adt)Pd(dppb)] (2) (dppb = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)benzene), an observation indicating each wave involves simultaneous one-electron oxidations at each metallodithiolene fragment. This assignment is affirmed by density functional theory (DFT) calculations that show the redox-active molecular orbital (MO) is principally composed of the dithiolene S(2)C(2) π-system, and by spectroelectrochemical UV-vis of [1](2+), which displays hallmark low energy charge transfer (CT) bands. Dication [1](2+) is a diradical with a near degenerate singlet-triplet ground state; fluid solution electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra validate the DFT-derived isotropic exchange coupling, J' = -6.3 cm(-1). The frozen solution X-band EPR spectrum of [1](2+) is consistent with a spin-triplet bearing a very faint half-field ("ΔM(S) = 2") signal. It is successfully simulated with an amazingly small zero field splitting, D = -15 × 10(-4) cm(-1) and negligible rhombicity (E/D = 0.008). These zero-field splitting parameters, which stem from the long-range dipolar spin coupling, are very accurately reproduced using a multipoint dipole model with an optimized interspin distance of 12.434 Å. With the framework reported herein for understanding how the weak interaction of two spins is mediated by tpbz, this bridging ligand can now be incorporated into extended systems with tailored chemical and physical properties for use in a variety of molecular-based electronic and magnetic devices. PMID:21381668
Spin orientation in an ultrathin CoO/PtFe double-layer with perpendicular exchange coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lamirand, Anne D.; Soares, Márcio M. [Institut Néel, CNRS and UJF, BP166, 38042 Grenoble (France); Ramos, Aline Y., E-mail: aline.ramos@grenoble.cnrs.fr [Institut Néel, CNRS and UJF, BP166, 38042 Grenoble (France); Tolentino, Hélio C.N.; De Santis, Maurizio [Institut Néel, CNRS and UJF, BP166, 38042 Grenoble (France); Cezar, Julio C. [Laboratório Nacional de Luz Síncrotron-LNLS, CP 6192, 13083-970 Campinas (Brazil); Siervo, Abner de [Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas-UNICAMP, 13083-970 Campinas (Brazil)
2015-01-01
We studied by soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy the magnetization axis in a 4 nm thin CoO (111) layer exchange-coupled to an ultra thin L1{sub 0} PtFe layer with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The angular dependence of the linear magnetic dichroism at 10 K and the relative variations of the spectral features provide a full description of the spin orientation in this antiferromagnetic layer. The spins are found in the film plane, pointing along the 110 direction. This results is discussed in relation to the film strain and the preferential occupation of t{sub 2g} orbitals. The strong orthogonal coupling between Co and Fe spins should be at the origin of the robustness of the exchange bias effect found in this bilayer system.
Spin orientation in an ultrathin CoO/PtFe double-layer with perpendicular exchange coupling
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We studied by soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy the magnetization axis in a 4 nm thin CoO (111) layer exchange-coupled to an ultra thin L10 PtFe layer with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The angular dependence of the linear magnetic dichroism at 10 K and the relative variations of the spectral features provide a full description of the spin orientation in this antiferromagnetic layer. The spins are found in the film plane, pointing along the 110 direction. This results is discussed in relation to the film strain and the preferential occupation of t2g orbitals. The strong orthogonal coupling between Co and Fe spins should be at the origin of the robustness of the exchange bias effect found in this bilayer system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In the present work, the low temperature infrared absorption spectra of BiFeO3 (BFO) are measured to explore the spin-phonon coupling in this compound. At 303 K, 4 weak transverse optic (TO) IR-active phonon modes E(TO6), E(TO7), E(TO8), and E(TO9) are observed. First two modes are corresponded to the Fe3+ cations caused by the internal vibration of FeO6 octahedra, E(TO8) is correlated to Fe-O bending vibration and E(TO9) is assigned to Fe-O stretching vibrations, respectively. At 213 K, two new modes E(TO5) and A1(TO3) are emerging out. Both are assigned to Fe3+ cations caused by the internal vibration of FeO6 octahedra. These modes get stronger and stronger with lowering the temperature due to the lattice contraction. When the temperatures decreases to T ≤ 213 K, an additional phonon mode is start appearing at around 638 cm−1 suggesting local lattice distortion of FeO6 octahedra. The temperature is corresponding with the FC and zero field cooled bifurcation temperature, which is related to the onset of spin glass behaviour. The occurrence of this additional phonon mode at this particular temperature suggests that there is strong spin-phonon coupling in BFO. This argument is further supported by the temperature dependence of this additional phonon peak. It shows anomaly around 124 K, which is related to spin reorientation of Fe3+ ions. This result clearly indicates that spin glass state and spin reorientation of Fe3+ is accompanied with the local structure distortion of FeO6 octahedra, providing evidence for the strong spin-phonon coupling in the BFO
Coherent spin dynamics of an interwell excitonic gas in GaAs/AlGaAs coupled quantum wells
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Larionov, A. V.; Bisti, V. E.; Bayer, M.;
2006-01-01
The spin dynamics of an interwell exciton gas has been investigated in n-i-n GaAs/AlGaAs coupled quantum wells. The time evolution kinetics of the interwell exciton photoluminescence has been measured under resonant excitation of the 1s heavy-hole intrawell exciton, using a pulsed tunable laser. ...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Spin Orbit Coupling (SOC) is introduced to molecular ab initio density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) calculations. In the presented scheme, one first approximates the electronic ground state and a number of excited states of the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) Hamiltonian with the aid of the DMRG algorithm. Owing to the spin-adaptation of the algorithm, the total spin S is a good quantum number for these states. After the non-relativistic DMRG calculation is finished, all magnetic sublevels of the calculated states are constructed explicitly, and the SOC operator is expanded in the resulting basis. To this end, spin orbit coupled energies and wavefunctions are obtained as eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the full Hamiltonian matrix which is composed of the SOC operator matrix and the BO Hamiltonian matrix. This treatment corresponds to a quasi-degenerate perturbation theory approach and can be regarded as the molecular equivalent to atomic Russell-Saunders coupling. For the evaluation of SOC matrix elements, the full Breit-Pauli SOC Hamiltonian is approximated by the widely used spin-orbit mean field operator. This operator allows for an efficient use of the second quantized triplet replacement operators that are readily generated during the non-relativistic DMRG algorithm, together with the Wigner-Eckart theorem. With a set of spin-orbit coupled wavefunctions at hand, the molecular g-tensors are calculated following the scheme proposed by Gerloch and McMeeking. It interprets the effective molecular g-values as the slope of the energy difference between the lowest Kramers pair with respect to the strength of the applied magnetic field. Test calculations on a chemically relevant Mo complex demonstrate the capabilities of the presented method
Roemelt, Michael
2015-07-01
Spin Orbit Coupling (SOC) is introduced to molecular ab initio density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) calculations. In the presented scheme, one first approximates the electronic ground state and a number of excited states of the Born-Oppenheimer (BO) Hamiltonian with the aid of the DMRG algorithm. Owing to the spin-adaptation of the algorithm, the total spin S is a good quantum number for these states. After the non-relativistic DMRG calculation is finished, all magnetic sublevels of the calculated states are constructed explicitly, and the SOC operator is expanded in the resulting basis. To this end, spin orbit coupled energies and wavefunctions are obtained as eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the full Hamiltonian matrix which is composed of the SOC operator matrix and the BO Hamiltonian matrix. This treatment corresponds to a quasi-degenerate perturbation theory approach and can be regarded as the molecular equivalent to atomic Russell-Saunders coupling. For the evaluation of SOC matrix elements, the full Breit-Pauli SOC Hamiltonian is approximated by the widely used spin-orbit mean field operator. This operator allows for an efficient use of the second quantized triplet replacement operators that are readily generated during the non-relativistic DMRG algorithm, together with the Wigner-Eckart theorem. With a set of spin-orbit coupled wavefunctions at hand, the molecular g-tensors are calculated following the scheme proposed by Gerloch and McMeeking. It interprets the effective molecular g-values as the slope of the energy difference between the lowest Kramers pair with respect to the strength of the applied magnetic field. Test calculations on a chemically relevant Mo complex demonstrate the capabilities of the presented method.
Investigation of the field dependent spin structure of exchange coupled magnetic heterostructures
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This thesis describes the investigation of the field dependent magnetic spin structure of an antiferromagnetically (AF) coupled Fe/Cr heterostructure sandwiched between a hardmagnetic FePt buffer layer and a softmagnetic Fe top layer. The depth-resolved experimental studies of this system were performed via Magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE), Vibrating Sample Magnetometry (VSM) and various measuring methods based on nuclear resonant scattering (NRS) technique. Nucleation and evolution of the magnetic spiral structure in the AF coupled Fe/Cr multilayer structure in an azimuthally rotating external magnetic field were observed using NRS. During the experiment a number of time-dependent magnetic side effects (magnetic after-effect, domain-wall creep effect) caused by the non-ideal structure of a real sample were observed and later explained. Creation of the magnetic spiral structure in rotating external magnetic field was simulated using a one-dimensional micromagnetic model.The cross-sectional magnetic X-ray diffraction technique was conceived and is theoretically described in the present work. This method allows to determine the magnetization state of an individual layer in the magnetic heterostructure. It is also applicable in studies of the magnetic structure of tiny samples where conventional x-ray reflectometry fails.
Probing the holographic principle using dynamical gauge effects from open spin-orbit coupling
Zhao, Jianshi; Price, Craig; Liu, Qi; Gemelke, Nathan
2016-05-01
Dynamical gauge fields result from locally defined symmetries and an effective over-labeling of quantum states. Coupling atoms weakly to a reservoir of laser modes can create an effective dynamical gauge field purely due to the disregard of information in the optical states. Here we report measurements revealing effects of open spin-orbit coupling in a system where an effective model can be formed from a non-abelian SU(2) × U(1) field theory following the Yang-Mills construct. Forming a close analogy to dynamical gauge effects in quantum chromodynamics, we extract a measure of atomic motion which reveals the analog of a closing mass gap for the relevant gauge boson, shedding insight on long standing open problems in gauge-fixing scale anomalies. Using arguments following the holographic principle, we measure scaling relations which can be understood by quantifying information present in the local potential. New prospects using these techniques for developing fractionalization of multi-particle and macroscopic systems using dissipative and non-abelian gauge fields will also be discussed. We acknowledge support from NSF Award No. 1068570, and the Charles E. Kaufman Foundation.
Spin wave eigenmodes in single and coupled sub-150 nm rectangular permalloy dots
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Carlotti, G., E-mail: giovanni.carlotti@fisica.unipg.it; Madami, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia, Università di Perugia, Perugia (Italy); Tacchi, S. [Istituto Officina dei Materiali del CNR (CNR-IOM), Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia, Perugia (Italy); Gubbiotti, G.; Dey, H.; Csaba, G.; Porod, W. [Center for Nano Science and Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)
2015-05-07
We present the results of a Brillouin light scattering investigation of thermally excited spin wave eigenmodes in square arrays of either isolated rectangular dots of permalloy or twins of dipolarly coupled elements, placed side-by-side or head-to-tail. The nanodots, fabricated by e-beam lithography and lift-off, are 20 nm thick and have the major size D in the range between 90 nm and 150 nm. The experimental spectra show the presence of two main peaks, corresponding to modes localized either at the edges or in the center of the dots. Their frequency dependence on the dot size and on the interaction with adjacent elements has been measured and successfully interpreted on the basis of dynamical micromagnetic simulations. The latter enabled us also to describe the spatial profile of the eigenmodes, putting in evidence the effects induced by the dipolar interaction between coupled dots. In particular, in twinned dots the demagnetizing field is appreciably modified in proximity of the “internal edges” if compared to the “external” ones, leading to a splitting of the edge mode. These results can be relevant for the exploitation of sub-150 nm magnetic dots in new applications, such as magnonic metamaterials, bit-patterned storage media, and nano-magnetic logic devices.
Investigation of the field dependent spin structure of exchange coupled magnetic heterostructures
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gurieva, Tatiana
2016-05-15
This thesis describes the investigation of the field dependent magnetic spin structure of an antiferromagnetically (AF) coupled Fe/Cr heterostructure sandwiched between a hardmagnetic FePt buffer layer and a softmagnetic Fe top layer. The depth-resolved experimental studies of this system were performed via Magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE), Vibrating Sample Magnetometry (VSM) and various measuring methods based on nuclear resonant scattering (NRS) technique. Nucleation and evolution of the magnetic spiral structure in the AF coupled Fe/Cr multilayer structure in an azimuthally rotating external magnetic field were observed using NRS. During the experiment a number of time-dependent magnetic side effects (magnetic after-effect, domain-wall creep effect) caused by the non-ideal structure of a real sample were observed and later explained. Creation of the magnetic spiral structure in rotating external magnetic field was simulated using a one-dimensional micromagnetic model.The cross-sectional magnetic X-ray diffraction technique was conceived and is theoretically described in the present work. This method allows to determine the magnetization state of an individual layer in the magnetic heterostructure. It is also applicable in studies of the magnetic structure of tiny samples where conventional x-ray reflectometry fails.
Synchronization of vortex-based spin torque nano-oscillators by magnetostatic coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zaspel, C.E., E-mail: craig.zaspel@umwestern.edu
2015-12-15
Synchronization of two nanopillar oscillators driven by spin torque and coupled through the magnetic dipolar interaction. The dominant mode in each oscillator is gyrotropic motion of the vortex core in an elliptical orbit about the free layer disk center. The dynamic properties of this mode is investigated by solution the coupled Thiele equations with both nanopillar oscillators having identical dimensions, but with a current mismatch. It is noticed that there is a range in the current difference where the oscillators will be synchronized where the vortex gyrotropic motion will be frequency-locked with the radii of gyrotropic motion equal for both disks. There is, however, a phase shift between the gyrotropic motion with the smaller current disk lagging the higher current disk by a few degrees. - Highlights: • Vortex-based nanopillar oscillators re synchronized by the dipolar interaction. • There is a range of frequencies where both oscillators will frequency-locked. • There are upper and lower critical currents defining a locking range.
Neural-metabolic coupling in the central visual pathway.
Freeman, Ralph D; Li, Baowang
2016-10-01
Studies are described which are intended to improve our understanding of the primary measurements made in non-invasive neural imaging. The blood oxygenation level-dependent signal used in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) reflects changes in deoxygenated haemoglobin. Tissue oxygen concentration, along with blood flow, changes during neural activation. Therefore, measurements of tissue oxygen together with the use of a neural sensor can provide direct estimates of neural-metabolic interactions. We have used this relationship in a series of studies in which a neural microelectrode is combined with an oxygen micro-sensor to make simultaneous co-localized measurements in the central visual pathway. Oxygen responses are typically biphasic with small initial dips followed by large secondary peaks during neural activation. By the use of established visual response characteristics, we have determined that the oxygen initial dip provides a better estimate of local neural function than the positive peak. This contrasts sharply with fMRI for which the initial dip is unreliable. To extend these studies, we have examined the relationship between the primary metabolic agents, glucose and lactate, and associated neural activity. For this work, we also use a Doppler technique to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF) together with neural activity. Results show consistent synchronously timed changes such that increases in neural activity are accompanied by decreases in glucose and simultaneous increases in lactate. Measurements of CBF show clear delays with respect to neural response. This is consistent with a slight delay in blood flow with respect to oxygen delivery during neural activation.This article is part of the themed issue 'Interpreting BOLD: a dialogue between cognitive and cellular neuroscience'. PMID:27574310
Decoherence dynamics of a single spin versus spin ensemble
Dobrovitski, V.V.; Feiguin, A.E.; Awschalom, D.D.; Hanson, R.
2008-01-01
We study decoherence of central spins by a spin bath, focusing on the difference between measurement of a single central spin and measurement of a large number of central spins (as found in typical spin-resonance experiments). For a dilute spin bath, the single spin demonstrates Gaussian free-induct
Teran, F. J.; Potemski, M.; Maude, D. K.; Plantier, D.; Hassan, A. K.; Sachrajda, A.; Wilamowski, Z.; Jaroszynski, J.; Wojtowicz, T.; Karczewski, G.
2003-08-01
We have studied the low energy spin excitations in n-type CdMnTe based dilute magnetic semiconductor quantum wells. For magnetic fields for which the energies for the excitation of free carriers and Mn spins are almost identical, an anomalously large Knight shift is observed. Our findings suggest the existence of a magnetic-field-induced ferromagnetic order in these structures, which is in agreement with recent theoretical predictions [J. König and A. H. MacDonald, Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-9007 91, 077202 (2003)].
Accelerating the spin-up of the coupled carbon and nitrogen cycle model in CLM4
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Y. Fang
2014-12-01
Full Text Available The commonly adopted biogeochemistry spin-up process in earth system model is to run the model for hundreds to thousands of years subject to periodic atmospheric forcing to reach dynamic steady state of the carbon-nitrogen (CN models. A variety of approaches have been proposed to reduce the computation time of the spin-up process. Significant improvement in computational efficiency has been made recently. However, a long simulation time is still required to reach the common convergence criteria of the coupled carbon/nitrogen model. A gradient projection method was proposed and used to further reduce the computation time after examining the trend of the dominant carbon pools. The Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4 with carbon and nitrogen component was used in this study. From point scale simulations we found that the method can reduce the computation time by 20–69% compared to the fastest approach in the literature. We also found that the cyclic stability of total carbon for some cases differs from that of the periodic atmospheric forcing, and some cases even showed instability. Close examination showed that one case has a carbon periodicity much longer than that of the atmospheric forcing due to the annual fire disturbance that is longer than half a year. The rest was caused by the instability of water table calculation in the hydrology model of CLM4. The instability issue is resolved after we replaced the hydrology scheme in CLM4 with a low model for variably saturated porous media.
Guo, San-Dong; Wang, Jian-Li
2016-09-01
The electronic structures and thermoelectric properties of semiconducting transition-metal dichalcogenide monolayers {{MX}}2 (M = Zr, Hf, Mo, W and Pt; X = S, Se and Te) are investigated by combining first-principles and Boltzmann transport theory, including spin-orbital coupling (SOC). It is found that the gap decrease increases from S to Te in each cation group when the SOC is opened. The spin-orbital splitting has the same trend with the gap reducing. The calculated results show that SOC has a noteworthy detrimental effect on the p-type power factor, while it has a negligible influence in n-type doping except for the W cation group, which can be understood by considering the effects of SOC on the valence and conduction bands. For {{WX}}2 (X = S, Se and Te), SOC leads to an observable enhanced power factor in n-type doping, which can be explained by SOC-induced band degeneracy, namely the bands converge. Among all of the cation groups, the Pt cation group shows the highest Seebeck coefficient, which leads to the best power factor, if we assume that the scattering time is fixed. The calculated results show that {{MS}}2 (M = Zr, Hf, Mo, W and Pt) have the best p-type power factor of all the cation groups, and that {{MSe}}2 (M = Zr and Hf), {{WS}}2 and {{MTe}}2 (M = Mo and Pt) have a more excellent n-type power factor in their respective cation group. Therefore, these results may be useful for further theoretical prediction or experimental research of excellent thermoelectric materials from semiconducting transition-metal dichalcogenide monolayers.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
An, Xing-Tao, E-mail: anxt2005@163.com [School of Sciences, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050018 (China); Mu, Hui-Ying [Department of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Hebei Chemical and Pharmaceutical Vocational Technology College, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050026 (China); Li, Yu-Xian [College of Physical Science and Information Engineering, Hebei Normal University, and Hebei Advanced Thin Films Laboratory, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050016 (China); Liu, Jian-Jun [College of Physical Science and Information Engineering, Hebei Normal University, and Hebei Advanced Thin Films Laboratory, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050016 (China); Physics Department, Shijiazhuang University, Shijiazhuang 050035 (China)
2011-10-31
A four-terminal parallel double quantum dots (QDs) device is proposed to generate and detect the spin polarization in QDs. It is found that the spin accumulation in QDs and the spin-polarized currents in the upper and down leads can be generated when a bias voltage is applied between the left and right leads. It is more interesting that the spin polarization in the QDs can be detected using the upper and down leads. Moreover, the direction and magnitude of the spin polarization in the QDs, and in the upper and down leads can be tuned by the energy levels of QDs and the bias. -- Highlights: → The spin polarization in the quantum dots can be generated and controlled. → The spin polarization in quantum dots can be detected by the nonferromagnetic leads. → The system our studied is a discrete level spin Hall system.
Onsager relations in a two-dimensional electron gas with spin-orbit coupling.
Gorini, C; Raimondi, R; Schwab, P
2012-12-14
Theory predicts for the two-dimensional electron gas with only a Rashba spin-orbit interaction a vanishing spin Hall conductivity and at the same time a finite inverse spin Hall effect. We show how these seemingly contradictory results are compatible with the Onsager relations: The latter do hold for spin and particle (charge) currents in the two-dimensional electron gas, although (i) their form depends on the experimental setup and (ii) a vanishing bulk spin Hall conductivity does not necessarily imply a vanishing spin Hall effect. We also discuss the situation in which extrinsic spin orbit from impurities is present and the bulk spin Hall conductivity can be different from zero.
Effects of spin-orbit coupling on the electronic states and spectroscopic properties of diatomic SeS
Chattopadhyaya, Surya; Nath, Abhijit; Das, Kalyan Kumar
2016-03-01
The electronic states and spectroscopic properties of selenium monosulfide (78Se32S) have been studied using relativistic configuration interaction methodology that includes effective core potentials of the constituent atoms. Potential energy curves of several spin-excluded (Λ-S) electronic states have been constructed and spectroscopic constants of low-lying bound Λ-S states within 5.1 eV are reported in the first stage of the calculations. In the next stage, the spin-orbit interaction has been incorporated and its effects on the potential energy curves and spectroscopic properties of the species have been investigated in detail. After the inclusion of spin-orbit coupling, the {{{{X}}}{{1}}}{{3}}{Σ }{0+}- is identified as the spin-orbit (Ω) ground state of the species. The transition moments of several important dipole-allowed and spin-forbidden transitions are calculated and the radiative lifetimes of the excited states involved in the respective transitions are computed. Electric dipole moments (μ z) for some low-lying bound Λ-S states as well as a few low-lying spin-orbit states (Ω-states) are also calculated in the present study.
On the Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi equations, and spin-orbit coupling: a tribute to Raymond Stora
Duval, Christian
2016-01-01
The Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi equations describing the motions of a spinning, charged, relativistic particle endowed with an anomalous magnetic moment in an electromagnetic field, are reconsidered. They are shown to duly stem from the linearization of the characteristic distribution of a pre-symplectic structure refining the original one of Souriau. In this model, once specialized to the case of a static electric-like field, the angular momentum and energy given by the associated moment map now correctly restore the spin-orbit coupling term. This is the state-of-the-art of unfinished joint work with Raymond Stora.
Spin-Orbit induced semiconductor spin guides
Valin-Rodriguez, Manuel; Puente, Antonio; Serra, Llorens
2002-01-01
The tunability of the Rashba spin-orbit coupling allows to build semiconductor heterostructures with space modulated coupling intensities. We show that a wire-shaped spin-orbit modulation in a quantum well can support propagating electronic states inside the wire only for a certain spin orientation and, therefore, it acts as an effective spin transmission guide for this particular spin orientation.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
马振国
2002-01-01
Fe Kα lines are superimposed upon the x-ray continuum in most Seyfert(-like) active galactic nuclei (AGNs).By a data-fitting study, previous authors have claimed that the central black hole (BH) is either rotating ornon-rotating according to the thin disc model. We develop the disc model to the torus model to determine thereal spin of the BH. With formulations of the motion of both torus particles and photons near a BH in Kerrmetric, we simulate iron emission linesfrom a thin luminous torus. It is found that only spinning BH galaxiescan radiate observable profiles. The data-fitting to Fe lines of four AGNs observed by ASCA predicts that thecentral BH is spinning rapidly with the dimensionless specific angular momentum approaching the maximalvalueof 1.
Contreras, Rubén H; Llorente, Tomás; Ducati, Lucas Colucci; Tormena, Cláudio Francisco
2014-07-10
At present times it is usual practice to mark biological compounds replacing an H for an F atom to study, by means of (19)F NMR spectroscopy, aspects such as binding sites and molecular folding features. This interesting methodology could nicely be improved if it is known how proximity interactions on the F atom affect its electronic structure as gauged through high-resolution (19)F NMR spectroscopy. This is the main aim of the present work and, to this end, differently substituted peri-difluoronaphthalenes are chosen as model systems. In such compounds are rationalized some interesting aspects of the diamagnetic and paramagnetic parts of the (19)F nuclear magnetic shielding tensor as well as the transmission mechanisms for the PSO and FC contributions to (4)JF1F8 indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling constants.
Sameer M. Ikhdair; Sever, Ramazan
2009-01-01
We study the approximate analytical solutions of the Dirac equation for the generalized Woods-Saxon potential with the pseudo-centrifugal term. In the framework of the spin and pseudospin symmetry concept, the approximately analytical bound state energy eigenvalues and the corresponding upper- and lower-spinor components of the two Dirac particles are obtained, in closed form, by means of the Nikiforov-Uvarov method which is based on solving the second-order linear differential equation by re...
Probing variations of the Rashba spin-orbit coupling at the nanometre scale
Bindel, Jan Raphael; Pezzotta, Mike; Ulrich, Jascha; Liebmann, Marcus; Sherman, Eugene Ya.; Morgenstern, Markus
2016-10-01
As the Rashba effect is an electrically tunable spin-orbit interaction, it could form the basis for a multitude of applications, such as spin filters, spin transistors and quantum computing using Majorana states in nanowires. Moreover, this interaction can determine the spin dephasing and antilocalization phenomena in two dimensions. However, the real space pattern of the Rashba parameter, which critically influences spin transistors using the spin-helix state and the otherwise forbidden electron backscattering in topologically protected channels, is difficult to probe. Here, we map this pattern down to nanometre length scales by measuring the spin splitting of the lowest Landau level using scanning tunnelling spectroscopy. We reveal strong fluctuations correlated with the local electrostatic potential for an InSb inversion layer with a large Rashba coefficient (~1 eV Å). This type of Rashba field mapping enables a more comprehensive understanding of its fluctuations, which might be decisive towards robust semiconductor-based spintronic devices.
Scopel, Stefano; Yoon, Kook-Hyun
2016-02-01
We discuss a scenario where the DAMA modulation effect is explained by a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) which upscatters inelastically to a heavier state and predominantly couples to the spin of protons. In this scenario constraints from xenon and germanium targets are evaded dynamically, due to the suppression of the WIMP coupling to neutrons, while those from fluorine targets are evaded kinematically, because the minimal WIMP incoming speed required to trigger upscatters off fluorine exceeds the maximal WIMP velocity in the Galaxy, or is very close to it. In this scenario WIMP scatterings off sodium are usually sensitive to the large-speed tail of the WIMP velocity distribution and modulated fractions of the signal close to unity arise in a natural way. On the other hand, a halo-independent analysis with more conservative assumptions about the WIMP velocity distribution allows to extend the viable parameter space to configurations where large modulated fractions are not strictly necessary. We discuss large modulated fractions in the Maxwellian case showing that they imply a departure from the usual cosine time dependence of the expected signal in DAMA. However we explicitly show that the DAMA data is not sensitive to this distortion, both in time and frequency space, even in the extreme case of a 100 % modulated fraction. Moreover the same scenario provides an explanation of the maximum in the energy spectrum of the modulation amplitude detected by DAMA in terms of WIMPs whose minimal incoming speed matches the kinematic threshold for inelastic upscatters. For the elastic case the detection of such maximum suggests an inversion of the modulation phase below the present DAMA energy threshold, while this is not expected for inelastic scattering. This may allow to discriminate between the two scenarios in a future low-threshold analysis of the DAMA data.
Phase-coherent transport and spin-orbit-coupling in III/V-semiconductor nanowires
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Semiconductor nanowires fabricated by a bottom-up approach are not only interesting for the realization of future nanoscaled devices but also appear to be very attractive model systems to tackle fundamental questions concerning the transport in strongly confined systems. In order to avoid the problem connected with carrier depletion, narrowband gap semiconductors, i.e., InAs or InN, or core-shell Nanowires, i.e., GaAs/AlGaAs, are preferred. The underlying reason is that in InAs or InN the Fermi-level pinning in the conduction band results in a carrier accumulation at the surface. In fact, the tubular topology of the surface electron gas opens up the possibility to observe unconventional quantum transport phenomena. When the phase-coherence length in the nanowire is comparable to its dimensions the conductance fluctuates if a magnetic field is applied or if the electron concentration is changed by means of a gate electrode. These so-called universal conductance fluctuations being in the order of e2/h originate from the fact that in small disordered samples, electron interference effects are not averaged out. In this work are analyzed universal conductance fluctuations to study the quantum transport properties in InN, InAs and GaAs/AlGaAs nanowires. With the use of a magnetic field and a back-gate electrode the universal conductance fluctuations and localizations effects were analyzed. Since InN and InAs are narrow band gap semiconductors, one naturally expects spin-orbit coupling effects. Because this phenomena is of importance for spin electronic applications. However, owing to the cylindrical symmetry of the InN and InAs nanowires, the latter effect was observable and actually be used to determine the strength of spin-orbit coupling. In order to clearly separate the weak antilocalization effect from the conductance fluctuations, the averaging of the magnetoconductance at different gate voltages was essential. The low-temperature quantum transport properties of
Brézin, E
1992-01-01
In the usual matrix-model approach to random discretized two-dimensional manifolds, one introduces n Ising spins on each cell, i.e. a discrete version of 2D quantum gravity coupled to matter with a central charge n/2. The matrix-model consists then of an integral over $2^{n}$ matrices, which we are unable to solve for $n>1$. However for a fixed genus we can expand in the cosmological constant g for arbitrary values of n, and a simple minded analysis of the series yields for n=0,1 and 2 the expected results for the exponent $\\gamma_{string}$ with an amazing precision given the small number of terms that we considered. We then proceed to larger values of n. Simple tests of universality are successfully applied; for instance we obtain the same exponents for n=3 or for one Ising model coupled to a one dimensional target space. The calculations are easily extended to states Potts models, through an integration over $q^{n}$ matrices. We see no sign of the tachyonic instability of the theory, but we have only consid...
Evidence of spin phonon coupling in magnetoelectric NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}/PMN-PT composite
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ahlawat, Anju; Satapathy, S., E-mail: srinu73@rrcat.gov.in, E-mail: srinusatapathy@gmail.com; Gupta, P. K. [Nano Functional Materials Laboratory, Laser Materials Development and Devices Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452013 (India); Sathe, V. G.; Choudhary, R. J. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Indore 452017 (India)
2013-12-16
The coupling of phonon with spin in strain coupled magnetoelectric NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (NFO)/0.65Pb(Mg{sub 1/3}Nb{sub 2/3})O{sub 3}–0.35PbTiO{sub 3} (PMN-PT) composite was investigated by temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopy and magnetic measurements in the range 30–350 °C. Pure NFO shows usual ferromagnetic behaviour in this temperature range while NFO/PMN-PT composite show dramatic change in magnetic moment across ferroelectric transition temperature (T{sub c} ∼ 180 °C) of PMN-PT. The temperature evolution of the Raman spectra for the composite shows significant phonon anomalies in T-site (Fe-O) and O-site (Ni/Fe-O) phonon modes at ferroelectric transition temperature is attributed to spin phonon coupling in NFO/PMN-PT composite. The strain mediated magnetoelectric coupling mechanism in this composite is apparent from the observed spin phonon interaction.
Zarycz, M Natalia C; Provasi, Patricio F; Sauer, Stephan P A
2015-12-28
It is investigated, whether the number of excited (pseudo)states can be truncated in the sum-over-states expression for indirect spin-spin coupling constants (SSCCs), which is used in the Contributions from Localized Orbitals within the Polarization Propagator Approach and Inner Projections of the Polarization Propagator (IPPP-CLOPPA) approach to analyzing SSCCs in terms of localized orbitals. As a test set we have studied the nine simple compounds, CH4, NH3, H2O, SiH4, PH3, SH2, C2H2, C2H4, and C2H6. The excited (pseudo)states were obtained from time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations with the B3LYP exchange-correlation functional and the specialized core-property basis set, aug-cc-pVTZ-J. We investigated both how the calculated coupling constants depend on the number of (pseudo)states included in the summation and whether the summation can be truncated in a systematic way at a smaller number of states and extrapolated to the total number of (pseudo)states for the given one-electron basis set. We find that this is possible and that for some of the couplings it is sufficient to include only about 30% of the excited (pseudo)states.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zarycz, M. Natalia C., E-mail: mnzarycz@gmail.com; Provasi, Patricio F., E-mail: patricio@unne.edu.ar [Department of Physics, University of Northeastern - CONICET, Av. Libertad 5500, Corrientes W3404AAS (Argentina); Sauer, Stephan P. A., E-mail: sauer@kiku.dk [Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø (Denmark)
2015-12-28
It is investigated, whether the number of excited (pseudo)states can be truncated in the sum-over-states expression for indirect spin-spin coupling constants (SSCCs), which is used in the Contributions from Localized Orbitals within the Polarization Propagator Approach and Inner Projections of the Polarization Propagator (IPPP-CLOPPA) approach to analyzing SSCCs in terms of localized orbitals. As a test set we have studied the nine simple compounds, CH{sub 4}, NH{sub 3}, H{sub 2}O, SiH{sub 4}, PH{sub 3}, SH{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 4}, and C{sub 2}H{sub 6}. The excited (pseudo)states were obtained from time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations with the B3LYP exchange-correlation functional and the specialized core-property basis set, aug-cc-pVTZ-J. We investigated both how the calculated coupling constants depend on the number of (pseudo)states included in the summation and whether the summation can be truncated in a systematic way at a smaller number of states and extrapolated to the total number of (pseudo)states for the given one-electron basis set. We find that this is possible and that for some of the couplings it is sufficient to include only about 30% of the excited (pseudo)states.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is investigated, whether the number of excited (pseudo)states can be truncated in the sum-over-states expression for indirect spin-spin coupling constants (SSCCs), which is used in the Contributions from Localized Orbitals within the Polarization Propagator Approach and Inner Projections of the Polarization Propagator (IPPP-CLOPPA) approach to analyzing SSCCs in terms of localized orbitals. As a test set we have studied the nine simple compounds, CH4, NH3, H2O, SiH4, PH3, SH2, C2H2, C2H4, and C2H6. The excited (pseudo)states were obtained from time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations with the B3LYP exchange-correlation functional and the specialized core-property basis set, aug-cc-pVTZ-J. We investigated both how the calculated coupling constants depend on the number of (pseudo)states included in the summation and whether the summation can be truncated in a systematic way at a smaller number of states and extrapolated to the total number of (pseudo)states for the given one-electron basis set. We find that this is possible and that for some of the couplings it is sufficient to include only about 30% of the excited (pseudo)states
Robin, Caroline; Litvinova, Elena
2016-07-01
A new theoretical approach to spin-isospin excitations in open-shell nuclei is presented. The developed method is based on the relativistic meson-exchange nuclear Lagrangian of Quantum Hadrodynamics and extends the response theory for superfluid nuclear systems beyond relativistic quasiparticle random phase approximation in the proton-neutron channel (pn-RQRPA). The coupling between quasiparticle degrees of freedom and collective vibrations (phonons) introduces a time-dependent effective interaction, in addition to the exchange of pion and ρ -meson taken into account without retardation. The time-dependent contributions are treated in the resonant time-blocking approximation, in analogy to the previously developed relativistic quasiparticle time-blocking approximation (RQTBA) in the neutral (non-isospin-flip) channel. The new method is called proton-neutron RQTBA (pn-RQTBA) and is applied to the Gamow-Teller resonance in a chain of neutron-rich nickel isotopes 68-78Ni . A strong fragmentation of the resonance along with quenching of the strength, as compared to pn-RQRPA, is obtained. Based on the calculated strength distribution, beta-decay half-lives of the considered isotopes are computed and compared to pn-RQRPA half-lives and to experimental data. It is shown that a considerable improvement of the half-life description is obtained in pn-RQTBA because of the spreading effects, which bring the lifetimes to a very good quantitative agreement with data.
Hysteresis of noninteracting and spin-orbit-coupled atomic Fermi gases with relaxation
Metcalf, Mekena; Lai, Chen-Yen; Chien, Chih-Chun
2016-05-01
Hysteresis can be found in driven many-body systems such as magnets and superfluids. Rate-dependent hysteresis arises when a system is driven periodically while relaxing towards equilibrium. A two-state paramagnet driven by an oscillating magnetic field in the relaxation approximation clearly demonstrates rate-dependent hysteresis. A noninteracting atomic Fermi gas in an optical ring potential, when driven by a periodic artificial gauge field and subjected to dissipation, is shown to exhibit hysteresis loops of atomic current due to a competition of the driving time and the relaxation time. This is in contrast to electronic systems exhibiting equilibrium persistent current driven by magnetic flux due to rapid relaxation. Universal behavior of the dissipated energy in one hysteresis loop is observed in both magnetic and atomic systems, showing linear and inverse-linear dependence on the relaxation time in the strong and weak dissipation regimes. While interactions in general invalidate the framework for rate-dependent hysteresis, an atomic Fermi gas with artificial spin-orbit coupling can exhibit hysteresis loops of atomic currents. Cold atoms in ring-shape potentials are thus promising for demonstrating rate-dependent hysteresis and its associated phenomena.
Szczęśniak, Dominik; Ennaoui, Ahmed; Ahzi, Saïd
2016-09-01
Recently, the transition metal dichalcogenides have attracted renewed attention due to the potential use of their low-dimensional forms in both nano- and opto-electronics. In such applications, the electronic and transport properties of monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides play a pivotal role. The present paper provides a new insight into these essential properties by studying the complex band structures of popular transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers (MX 2, where M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te) while including spin-orbit coupling effects. The conducted symmetry-based tight-binding calculations show that the analytical continuation from the real band structures to the complex momentum space leads to nonlinear generalized eigenvalue problems. Herein an efficient method for solving such a class of nonlinear problems is presented and yields a complete set of physically relevant eigenvalues. Solutions obtained by this method are characterized and classified into propagating and evanescent states, where the latter states manifest not only monotonic but also oscillatory decay character. It is observed that some of the oscillatory evanescent states create characteristic complex loops at the direct band gap of MX 2 monolayers, where electrons can directly tunnel between the band gap edges. To describe these tunneling currents, decay behavior of electronic states in the forbidden energy region is elucidated and their importance within the ballistic transport regime is briefly discussed. PMID:27367475
Szczęśniak, Dominik; Ennaoui, Ahmed; Ahzi, Saïd
2016-09-01
Recently, the transition metal dichalcogenides have attracted renewed attention due to the potential use of their low-dimensional forms in both nano- and opto-electronics. In such applications, the electronic and transport properties of monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides play a pivotal role. The present paper provides a new insight into these essential properties by studying the complex band structures of popular transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers (MX 2, where M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te) while including spin-orbit coupling effects. The conducted symmetry-based tight-binding calculations show that the analytical continuation from the real band structures to the complex momentum space leads to nonlinear generalized eigenvalue problems. Herein an efficient method for solving such a class of nonlinear problems is presented and yields a complete set of physically relevant eigenvalues. Solutions obtained by this method are characterized and classified into propagating and evanescent states, where the latter states manifest not only monotonic but also oscillatory decay character. It is observed that some of the oscillatory evanescent states create characteristic complex loops at the direct band gap of MX 2 monolayers, where electrons can directly tunnel between the band gap edges. To describe these tunneling currents, decay behavior of electronic states in the forbidden energy region is elucidated and their importance within the ballistic transport regime is briefly discussed.
Effect of Spin-Orbit Coupling on Kondo Phenomena in f7-Electron Systems
Hotta, Takashi
2015-11-01
In order to promote our basic understanding of the Kondo behavior recently observed in europium compounds, we analyze an impurity Anderson model with seven f electrons at an impurity site by employing a numerical renormalization group method. The local part of the model consists of Coulomb interactions among f electrons, spin-orbit coupling λ, and crystalline electric field (CEF) potentials, while we consider the hybridization V between local f electrons and single-band conduction electrons with au symmetry. For λ = 0, we observe underscreening Kondo behavior for appropriate values of V, characterized by an entropy change from ln 8 to ln 7, in which one of the seven f electrons is screened by conduction electrons. When λ is increased, we obtain two types of behavior depending on the value of V. For large V, we find an entropy release of ln 7 at low temperatures, determined by the level splitting energy due to the hybridization. For small V, we also observe an entropy change from ln 8 to ln 2 by the level splitting due to the hybridization, but at low temperatures, ln 2 entropy is found to be released, leading to the Kondo effect. We emphasize that the Kondo behavior for small V is observed for realistic values of λ on the order of 0.1 eV. We also discuss the effect of CEF potentials and the multipole properties in the Kondo behavior reported in this paper.
Tunable spin-orbit coupling and symmetry-protected edge states in graphene/WS2
Yang, Bowen; Tu, Min-Feng; Kim, Jeongwoo; Wu, Yong; Wang, Hui; Alicea, Jason; Wu, Ruqian; Bockrath, Marc; Shi, Jing
2016-09-01
We demonstrate clear weak anti-localization (WAL) effect arising from induced Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in WS2-covered single-layer and bilayer graphene devices. Contrary to the uncovered region of a shared single-layer graphene flake, WAL in WS2-covered graphene occurs over a wide range of carrier densities on both electron and hole sides. At high carrier densities, we estimate the Rashba SOC relaxation rate to be ˜ 0.2 {{ps}}-1 and show that it can be tuned by transverse electric fields. In addition to the Rashba SOC, we also predict the existence of a‘valley-Zeeman’ SOC from first-principles calculations. The interplay between these two SOC’s can open a non-topological but interesting gap in graphene; in particular, zigzag boundaries host four sub-gap edge states protected by time-reversal and crystalline symmetries. The graphene/WS2 system provides a possible platform for these novel edge states.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
The synthesis of the Toffoli gate, Fredkin gate, three-qubit Inversion-on-equality gate and D(α) gate, as well as their implementation in a three spins system coupled with Ising interaction are investigated. The sequences of the control pulse and the drift process to implement these gates are given. It is revealed that the implementation of some three-qubit gates in a circular spin chain is much better than in a linear spin chain, and every two measurements of the quantum computation complexity are not always consistent. It is significant to directly study the implementation of the multi-qubit gates and even more complicated components of quantum information processing without resorting to their synthesis.
Resonant X-ray Diffraction Study of the Strongly Spin-Orbit-Coupled Mott Insulator CaIrO3
Ohgushi, Kenya; Yamaura, Jun-ichi; Ohsumi, Hiroyuki; Sugimoto, Kunihisa; Takeshita, Soshi; Tokuda, Akihisa; Takagi, Hidenori; Takata, Masaki; Arima, Taka-hisa
2013-05-01
We performed resonant x-ray diffraction experiments at the L absorption edges for the post-perovskite-type compound CaIrO3 with a (t2g)5 electronic configuration. By observing the magnetic signals, we could clearly see that the magnetic structure was a striped ordering with an antiferromagnetic moment along the c axis and that the wave function of a t2g hole is strongly spin-orbit entangled, the Jeff=1/2 state. The observed spin arrangement is consistent with theoretical work predicting a unique superexchange interaction in the Jeff=1/2 state and points to the universal importance of the spin-orbit coupling in Ir oxides, independent of the octahedral connectivity and lattice topology. We also propose that nonmagnetic resonant scattering is a powerful tool for unraveling an orbital state even in a metallic iridate.
Tu, Zhe-Yan; Wang, Wen-Liang; Li, Ren-Zhong; Xia, Cai-Juan; Li, Lian-Bi
2016-07-01
The CCSD(T) approach based on two-component relativistic effective core potential with spin-orbit interaction just included in coupled cluster iteration is adopted to study the spectroscopic constants of ground states of Kr2, Xe2 and Rn2 dimers. The spectroscopic constants have significant basis set dependence. Extrapolation to the complete basis set limit provides the most accurate values. The spin-orbit interaction hardly affects the spectroscopic constants of Kr2 and Xe2. However, the equilibrium bond length is shortened about 0.013 Å and the dissociation energy is augmented about 18 cm-1 by the spin-orbit interaction for Rn2 in the complete basis set limit.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate the electron transport through a mesoscopic ring side-coupled with a quantum dot (QD) in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit (SO) interaction. It is shown that both the Fano resonance and the spin interference effects play important roles in the electron transport properties. As the QD level is around the Fermi energy, the total conductance shows a typical Fano resonance line shape. By applying an electrical gate voltage to the QD, the total transmission through the system can be strongly modulated. By threading the mesoscopic ring with a magnetic flux, the time-reversal symmetry of the system is broken, and a spin polarized current can be obtained even though the incident current is unpolarized.
Li, Ping; Wu, Jia-Gui; Wu, Zheng-Mao; Lin, Xiao-Dong; Deng, Dao; Liu, Yu-Ran; Xia, Guang-Qiong
2011-11-21
Based on a linear chain composed of a central semiconductor laser and two outer semiconductor lasers, chaos synchronization and bidirectional communication between two outer lasers have been investigated under the case that the central laser and the two outer lasers are coupled mutually, whereas there exists no coupling between the two outer lasers. The simulation results show that high-quality and stable isochronal synchronization between the two outer lasers can be achieved, while the cross-correlation coefficients between the two outer lasers and the central laser are very low under proper operation condition. Based on the high performance chaos synchronization between the two outer lasers, message bidirectional transmissions of bit rates up to 20 Gbit/s can be realized through adopting a novel decoding scheme which is different from that based on chaos pass filtering effect. Furthermore, the security of bidirectional communication is also analyzed.
Lee, Sanghyun; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa; Miao, Ping; Torii, Shuki; Ishigaki, Toru; Kamiyama, Takashi
2016-02-01
In the Landau free energy, which is a powerful tool for describing the physical properties and phase transitions in condensed-matter physics, it has been generally believed that time-reversal symmetry allows only even-power polynomials in the magnetic moment when magnetic transition happens. Although no experimental evidence supports it, this symmetry constraint is very strict in theory. On the other hand, MnO, CoO, and NiO have been extensively studied for several decades since these materials are used to test advance experimental and theoretical methods. However, their precise spin directions and phase-transition mechanism have remained as a long-standing problem until now. To resolve these issues, we used the cutting-edge time-of-flight neutron powder diffractometer (SuperHRPD) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) to study the spin-direction-dependent magnetoelastic coupling in MnO, CoO, and NiO. We also constructed a group-subgroup structure relation from F m -3 m to C 2 /m with exchange striction and a type of magnetostriction (dipolar and roto magnetostriction). These unified viewpoints and the high-resolution neutron powder diffractometer enable us to construct an order-parameter vector diagram. The order-parameter vector diagram reveals distinguished order-parameter coupling and phase-transition characters by different Γ1+(Ag) and Γ2+(Bg) spin direction. Moreover, the experiment results show clearly that the CoO6 octahedral distortion and the Co magnetic moment couple through a magnetoelastic coupling ɛoct˜M3 , which is forbidden by time-reversal symmetry but allowed by the more general magnetic symmetry—the so-called rotation-time-reversal symmetry in the double antisymmetry space group. Rotation-time-reversal symmetry allows the coupling of odd-power polynomials in the spin vector and odd-power ones in the roto vector when both spin- and roto-axial vectors belong to the same irreducible representation in Landau free energy. Here
Wolf, M. S.; Badea, R.; Berezovsky, J.
2016-06-01
The core of a ferromagnetic vortex domain creates a strong, localized magnetic field, which can be manipulated on nanosecond timescales, providing a platform for addressing and controlling individual nitrogen-vacancy centre spins in diamond at room temperature, with nanometre-scale resolution. Here, we show that the ferromagnetic vortex can be driven into proximity with a nitrogen-vacancy defect using small applied magnetic fields, inducing significant nitrogen-vacancy spin splitting. We also find that the magnetic field gradient produced by the vortex is sufficient to address spins separated by nanometre-length scales. By applying a microwave-frequency magnetic field, we drive both the vortex and the nitrogen-vacancy spins, resulting in enhanced coherent rotation of the spin state. Finally, we demonstrate that by driving the vortex on fast timescales, sequential addressing and coherent manipulation of spins is possible on ~100 ns timescales.
Wolf, M. S.; Badea, R.; Berezovsky, J.
2016-01-01
The core of a ferromagnetic vortex domain creates a strong, localized magnetic field, which can be manipulated on nanosecond timescales, providing a platform for addressing and controlling individual nitrogen-vacancy centre spins in diamond at room temperature, with nanometre-scale resolution. Here, we show that the ferromagnetic vortex can be driven into proximity with a nitrogen-vacancy defect using small applied magnetic fields, inducing significant nitrogen-vacancy spin splitting. We also find that the magnetic field gradient produced by the vortex is sufficient to address spins separated by nanometre-length scales. By applying a microwave-frequency magnetic field, we drive both the vortex and the nitrogen-vacancy spins, resulting in enhanced coherent rotation of the spin state. Finally, we demonstrate that by driving the vortex on fast timescales, sequential addressing and coherent manipulation of spins is possible on ∼100 ns timescales. PMID:27296550
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
Sharples' 1-D physical model employing tide-wind driven turbulence closure and surface heating-cooling physics, was coupled with an ecological model with 9-biochemical components: phytoplankton, zooplankton, shellfish, autotrophic and heterotrophic bacterioplankton, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), suspended detritus and sinking particles to simulate the annual evolution of ecosystem in the central part of Jiaozhou Bay. The coupled modeling results showed that the phytoplankton shading effect could reduce seawater temperature by 2℃, so that photosynthesis efficiency should be less than 8%; that the loss of phytoplankton by zooplankton grazing in winter tended to be compensated by phytoplankton advection and diffusion from the outside of the Bay; that the incident irradiance intensity could be the most important factor for phytoplankton growth rate; and that it was the bacterial secondary production that maintained the maximum zooplankton biomass in winter usually observed in the 1990s, indicating that the microbial food loop was extremely important for ecosystem study of Jiaozhou Bay.
Gallemí, A.; Guilleumas, M.; Mayol, R.; Mateo, A. Muñoz
2016-03-01
We analyze the dynamics of Josephson vortex states in two-component Bose-Einstein condensates with Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling by using the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. In one dimension, both in homogeneous and harmonically trapped systems, we report on stationary states containing doubly charged, static Josephson vortices. In multidimensional systems, we find stable Josephson vortices in a regime of parameters typical of current experiments with 87Rb atoms. In addition, we discuss the instability regime of Josephson vortices in disk-shaped condensates, where the snake instability operates and vortex dipoles emerge. We study the rich dynamics that they exhibit in different regimes of the spin-orbit-coupled condensate depending on the orientation of the Josephson vortices.
Calculations of the Spin-Lattice Coupling Coefficients Fij and Zij for MgO:Co2+Crystal
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHENG Wen-Chen; WU Shao-Yi
2001-01-01
According to a uniform and simple method of calculating spin-lattice coupling coefficients and the pert1rbation formulas of gi factors and hyperfine structure constants Ai based on the cluster approach for 3d7 ions in cubic,tetragonal and trigonal octahedral crystal fields, the spin-lattice coupling coefficients Fij (F11, Fl2, F44), Zij (Z11, Z12,Z44) and also g factor and hyperfine constant A for MgO:Co2+ are calculated by using the parameters obtained from the optical spectra without adjustable parameters. The calculated results show good agreement with the observed values.The difiiculty in explaining the coeficients Fij and Zij is therefore removed.``
Extra Spin-Rotation Coupling Effect in a Radiating Kerr Space-time
Wu, S Q
2001-01-01
Source-less wave equations are derived for massless scalar, neutrino and electromagnetic perturbations of a radiating Kerr space-time, and the Hawking radiation of massless particles with spin $s =0, 1/2$ and 1 in this geometry is investigated by using a method of the generalized tortoise coordinate transformation. An extra interaction between the spin of particles and the rotation of the hole displays in the thermal spectra of Hawking radiation of massless particles with spin $s = 1/2, 1$ in the evaporating Kerr space-time. The character of such effect is its obvious dependence on different helicity states of particles with higher spin.
SHVETS, IGOR
2013-01-01
PUBLISHED Charge-orbital ordering is commonly present in complex transition metal oxides and offers interesting opportunities for novel electronic devices. In this work, we demonstrate for the first time that the magnetization states of the spin valve can be directly manipulated by charge-orbital ordering. We investigate the interlayer exchange coupling (IEC) between two epitaxial magnetite layers separated by a nonmagnetic epitaxial MgO dielectric. We find that the state of the charge-orb...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Spin diode effect in a giant magnetoresistive strip is measured in a broad frequency range, including resonance and off-resonance frequencies. The off-resonance dc signal is relatively strong and also significantly dependent on the exchange coupling between magnetic films through the spacer layer. The measured dc signal is described theoretically by taking into account magnetic dynamics induced by Oersted field created by an ac current flowing through the system
Connor, Henry D.; Sturgeon, Bradley E.; Mottley, Carolyn; Sipe, Herbert J.; Mason, Ronald P.
2008-01-01
Fast-flow electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy has been used to detect a free radical formed from the reaction of l-tryptophan with Ce4+ in an acidic aqueous environment. Computer simulations of the ESR spectra from l-tryptophan and several isotopically modified forms strongly support the conclusion that the l-tryptophan radical cation has been detected by ESR for the first time. The hyperfine coupling constants (HFCs) determined from the well-resolved isotropic ESR spectra support expe...
Optimization of InP/GaInAs structures with respect to Rashba spin-orbit coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Akabori, Masashi; Hagedorn, Markus; Guzenko, Vitaliy; Schaepers, Thomas; Hardtdegen, Hilde [Institute of Bio- and Nanosystems (IBN-1) and Centre of Nanoelectronic Systems for Information Technology (CNI), Research Centre Juelich (Germany)
2008-07-01
In this report we investigated the influence of the channel layer thickness on spin-orbit coupling. To this end a modulation doped heterostructure was deposited by MOVPE which consisted of a 350 nm InP buffer, a 10 nm n-supply layer a 20 nm InP spacer, d nm GaInAs channel layer with 77% In content, and a 150-d nm lattice-matched GaInAs sub-channel, and 10 nm InP cap. The channel thickness d was varied between 2 and 10 nm. We first determined the mobility at room temperature and 77 K with van der Pauw geometry: it decreases monotonically with the channel thickness. The result is reasonable because the thinner the channel becomes, the more the electron wave function extends into the GaInAs lattice matched sub-channel. In magnetoresistance measurements around 0.5 K, we confirmed a clear shift of the first node position toward high magnetic field in a Hall-bar of the 2 nm channel sample, which indicates large Rashba spin-orbit coupling in spite of the thin high indium content channel. The behavior also agreed well with the theoretical estimation from the calculated band profile of the heterostructure, therefore the Rashba spin-orbit coupling in our InP/GaInAs heterostructures can be enhanced by tuning the channel layer thickness.
LDA + U study of Pu and PuO{sub 2} on ground state with spin-orbital coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wang Hao, E-mail: haowangfp@gmail.com [International Research Center for Nuclear Materials Science, Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Narita-cho 2145-2, Oarai-machi, Ibaraki, 311-1313 (Japan); Konashi, Kenji [International Research Center for Nuclear Materials Science, Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Narita-cho 2145-2, Oarai-machi, Ibaraki, 311-1313 (Japan)
2012-08-25
Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer In our paper, we use spin-orbital coupling to investigate PuO{sub 2}, which is the first time as our knowledge. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We also check initially the Jahn-Teller effect of PuO{sub 2}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Based on the Bader charge analysis, the covalency of Pu and O atoms is clearly shown. - Abstract: In order to describe the structural, electronic and thermodynamic properties of {delta}-Pu and PuO{sub 2}, first-principle calculation is performed with spin-orbital coupling. By applying the DFT + U and occupation matrix method, we obtain a good result close to the experimental data. All possible initial occupation matrices are tried to find the ground state. The Jahn-Teller distortion and the spin-orbital effect are discussed. The intermediate coupling is proven by PDOS analysis. Covalency between Pu and O atoms is proven by quantum theory of atoms in molecules. By PDOS, occupation matrix and Bader charge analysis, the 5f configurations of {delta}-Pu and PuO{sub 2} are investigated.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kyle G. Horn
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Most models of central pattern generators (CPGs involve two distinct nuclei mutually inhibiting one another via synapses. Here, we present a single-nucleus model of biologically realistic Hodgkin-Huxley neurons with random gap junction coupling. Despite no explicit division of neurons into two groups, we observe a spontaneous division of neurons into two distinct firing groups. In addition, we also demonstrate this phenomenon in a simplified version of the model, highlighting the importance of afterhyperpolarization currents ( to CPGs utilizing gap junction coupling. The properties of these CPGs also appear sensitive to gap junction conductance, probability of gap junction coupling between cells, topology of gap junction coupling, and, to a lesser extent, input current into our simulated nucleus.
Evidence of an odd-parity hidden order in a spin-orbit coupled correlated iridate
Zhao, L.; Torchinsky, D. H.; Chu, H.; Ivanov, V.; Lifshitz, R.; Flint, R.; Qi, T.; Cao, G.; Hsieh, D.
2016-01-01
A rare combination of strong spin-orbit coupling and electron-electron correlations makes the iridate Mott insulator Sr2IrO4 a promising host for novel electronic phases of matter. The resemblance of its crystallographic, magnetic and electronic structures to La2CuO4, as well as the emergence on doping of a pseudogap region and a low-temperature d-wave gap, has particularly strengthened analogies to cuprate high-Tc superconductors. However, unlike the cuprate phase diagram, which features a plethora of broken symmetry phases in a pseudogap region that includes charge density wave, stripe, nematic and possibly intra-unit-cell loop-current orders, no broken symmetry phases proximate to the parent antiferromagnetic Mott insulating phase in Sr2IrO4 have been observed so far, making the comparison of iridate to cuprate phenomenology incomplete. Using optical second-harmonic generation, we report evidence of a hidden non-dipolar magnetic order in Sr2IrO4 that breaks both the spatial inversion and rotational symmetries of the underlying tetragonal lattice. Four distinct domain types corresponding to discrete 90°-rotated orientations of a pseudovector order parameter are identified using nonlinear optical microscopy, which is expected from an electronic phase that possesses the symmetries of a magneto-electric loop-current order. The onset temperature of this phase is monotonically suppressed with bulk hole doping, albeit much more weakly than the Néel temperature, revealing an extended region of the phase diagram with purely hidden order. Driving this hidden phase to its quantum critical point may be a path to realizing superconductivity in Sr2IrO4.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WEN Qi-Ye; ZHANG Huai-Wu; JIANG Xiang-Dong; TANG Xiao-Li; ZHONG Zhi-Yong; John Q. Xiao
2005-01-01
@@ We investigate spin-valve sandwiches with thin amorphous CoNbZr as soft layers. The magnetoresistance (MR),microstructure, and magnetostatic coupling are studied in these sandwiches with different layer deposition sequence.
Spin-orbit coupling in AlGaN/GaN 2-dimensional electron gases
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cabanas, Sergio; Thillosen, Nicolas; Kaluza, Nicoleta; Lehnen, Patrick; Guzenko, Vitaliy; Hardtdegen, Hilde; Schaepers, Thomas [Institute of Bio- and Nanosystems, Research Center Juelich (Germany); Center of Nanoelectronic Systems for Information Technology, Research Centre Juelich (Germany)
2007-07-01
AlGaN/GaN is a very promising material system for spin electronic devices, because for GaN-based diluted magnetic semiconductors Curie temperatures above room temperature have been predicted theoretically and confirmed experimentally. We have investigated weak antilocalization in AlGaN/GaN heterostructures. By fitting the experimental curves to a theoretical model we found that the decrease of the peak height in the conductivity with temperature is solely due to the decrease of the phase coherence length. Measurements on gated samples showed that the spin-orbit scattering length is constant for all carrier concentrations. This behavior is due to the fact that the spin-orbit scattering due to crystal inversion asymmetry is the dominant contribution. Although GaN is a large band gap material, the spin-orbit scattering length has a relatively small value of approximately 300 nm, which makes this material interesting for spin electron devices relying on spin precession. If a magnetic field is applied parallel to the plane of the 2-dimensional electron gas the weak antilocalization can be suppressed. We attribute the vanishing of the weak antilocalization peak to the additional contribution of the Zeeman energy competing with the characteristic spin-orbit energy.
Dynamics of two qubits in a spin-bath of Quantum anisotropic Heisenberg XY coupling type
Jing, Jun; Lü, Zhi-guo
2006-01-01
The dynamics of two 1/2-spin qubits under the influence of a quantum Heisenberg XY type spin-bath is studied. After the Holstein-Primakoff transformation, a novel numerical polynomial scheme is used to give the time-evolution calculation of the center qubits initially prepared in a product state or a Bell state. Then the concurrence of the two qubits, the $z$-component moment of either of the subsystem spins and the fidelity of the subsystem are shown, which exhibit sensitive dependence on th...
Chen, Guang-Ping; Chen, Si-Lin; Xie, Zheng-Wei; Zhang, Xiao-Fei; Zhang, Shou-Gang
2016-07-01
We consider the ground-state properties of a rotating spin-orbit-coupled Bose—Einstein condensate under extreme elongation in a harmonic plus quartic potential. The effects of spin-orbit coupling and rotation on the ground-state vortex structures are investigated. In the absence of spin-orbit coupling, new nucleated vortices gradually form vortex lines and annular vortex structures with the increase of the rotation frequency. In the presence of spin-orbit coupling, part of the vortices arrange in a line and form a stable vortex chain, and the remanent vortices coexist in pairs aside such vortex chain. More specially, the remanent vortices of each component repel each other and form vortex pair for isotropic spin-orbit coupling, while attract each other and locate in the same positions for anisotropic spin-orbit coupling. Supported by the National Natural Science Fund for National Major Scientific Research Equipment and Equipment Special Fund under Grant No. 61025023, the NMFSEID under Grant No. 61127901, the Key Project Fund of the CAS “Light of West China” Program under Grant No. 2012ZD02, the Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS under Grant No. 2015334, and the Sichuan Province Education Department key Natural Science Fund under Grant Nos. 13ZA0149 and 16ZA0355
Yuan, Zhe; Kelly, Paul J.
2016-06-01
To study the effect of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) on spin-transfer torque in magnetic materials, we have implemented two theoretical formalisms that can accommodate SOC. Using the "charge-pumping" formalism, we find two contributions to the out-of-plane spin-transfer torque parameter β in ballistic Ni domain walls (DWs). For short DWs, the nonadiabatic reflection of conduction electrons caused by the rapid spatial variation of the exchange potential results in an out-of-plane torque that increases rapidly with decreasing DW length. For long DWs, the Fermi level conduction channel anisotropy that gives rise to an intrinsic DW resistance in the presence of SOC leads to a linear dependence of β on the DW length. To understand this counterintuitive divergence of β in the long DW limit, we use the "nonequilibrium magnetization" formalism to examine the spatially resolved spin-transfer torque. The SOC-induced out-of-plane torque in ballistic DWs is found to be quantitatively consistent with the values obtained using the charge-pumping calculations, indicating the equivalence of the two theoretical methods.
Evolution of spin phonon coupling by substituting Cd for Zn in the frustrated spinel ZnCr2Se4
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xuliang Chen
2016-05-01
Full Text Available Frustration makes a tremendous amount of degenerate ground states which provides no energy scale of its own. Any perturbation has to be considered strong and fascinating phenomena may be emergent upon relieving of frustration. Here, we report the evolution of spin phonon coupling in the frustrated spinel system Zn1−xCdxCr2Se4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1 from magnetization, specific heat and thermal conductivity. Our results give clear evidences that the spin-orientated structural transitions decay rapidly as x going from 0 to 0.4 while the correlations between spin and lattice degrees of freedom for 0.6 ≤ x ≤ 1 become weak and can be explained in terms of the traditional magnetostriction effect. In addition, for 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4 thermal carriers reveal strong scattering from spin fluctuations in the vicinity of TN owing to strong frustration, in stark contrast with those for 0.6 ≤ x ≤ 1 where traditional phonon-like heat conduction behaviors are observed. Moreover, it is shown that a moderate applied magnetic field can drive readily the fluctuations-scattered thermal conductivity toward traditional phonon-like one as observed in CdCr2Se4, reaching about 30% for x = 0.4 at 25 K in 1 T. Such strong field-sensitive effects may introduce new promising functionalities for potential applications.
Fust, Sergej; Mukherjee, Saumya; Paul, Neelima; Stahn, Jochen; Kreuzpaintner, Wolfgang; Böni, Peter; Paul, Amitesh
2016-01-01
Topologically stabilized spin configurations like helices in the form of planar domain walls (DWs) or vortex-like structures with magnetic functionalities are more often a theoretical prediction rather than experimental realization. In this paper we report on the exchange coupling and helical phase characteristics within Dy-Fe multilayers. The magnetic hysteresis loops with temperature show an exchange bias field of around 1.0 kOe at 10 K. Polarized neutron reflectivity reveal (i) ferrimagnetic alignment of the layers at low fields forming twisted magnetic helices and a more complicated but stable continuous helical arrangement at higher fields (ii) direct evidence of helices in the form of planar 2π-DWs within both layers of Fe and Dy. The helices within the Fe layers are topologically stabilized by the reasonably strong induced in-plane magnetocrystalline anisotropy of Dy and the exchange coupling at the Fe-Dy interfaces. The helices in Dy are plausibly reminiscent of the helical ordering at higher temperatures induced by the field history and interfacial strain. Stability of the helical order even at large fields have resulted in an effective modulation of the periodicity of the spin-density like waves and subsequent increase in storage energy. This opens broad perspectives for future scientific and technological applications in increasing the energy density for systems in the field of all-spin-based engineering which has the potential for energy-storing elements on nanometer length scales. PMID:27677227
Pitts, J Brian
2015-01-01
A massive relative of Einstein's theory was derived by universal coupling in the late 1960s by Freund, Maheshwari and Schonberg. In the last decade four $1$-parameter families of massive spin-$2$ theories (contravariant, covariant, tetrad, and cotetrad of almost any density weights) have been derived using universal coupling. The (co)tetrad derivations included 2 of the 3 pure spin-$2$ theories due to de Rham, Gabadadze, and Tolley; those two theories first appeared in the $2$-parameter Ogievetsky-Polubarinov family (1965), which developed the symmetric square root of the metric as a nonlinear group realization. One of the two theories was identified as pure spin-$2$ by Maheshwari in 1971-2, thus evading the Boulware-Deser-Tyutin-Fradkin ghost by the time it was announced---but with no impact. This paper permits nonlinear field redefinitions to build the effective metric. By not insisting in advance on knowing the observable significance of the graviton potential exactly to all orders, one finds that an \\emph...
Brahms, N
2010-01-01
The dynamics of a large quantum spin coupled parametrically to an optical resonator is treated in analogy with the motion of a cantilever in cavity optomechanics. New spin optodynamic phenonmena are predicted, such as cavity-spin bistability, optodynamic spin-precession frequency shifts, coherent amplification and damping of spin, and the spin optodynamic squeezing of light.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Layadi, A. [LESIMS, Departement de Physique, Université Ferhat Abbas, Sétif 19000 (Algeria)
2015-05-15
The ferromagnetic resonance intrinsic field linewidth ΔH is investigated for a multilayer system such as a coupled trilayer and a spin valve structure. The magnetic coupling between two ferromagnetic layers separated by a nonmagnetic interlayer will be described by the bilinear J{sub 1} and biquadratic J{sub 2} coupling parameters. The interaction at the interface of the first ferromagnetic layer with the antiferromagnetic one is account for by the exchange anisotropy field, H{sub E}. A general formula is derived for the intrinsic linewidth ΔH. The explicit dependence of ΔH with H{sub E}, J{sub 1} and J{sub 2} will be highlighted. Analytical expressions for each mode field linewidth are found in special cases. Equivalent damping constants will be discussed.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Horacio Castellini; Efta Yudiarsah; Lilia Romanelli; Hilda A Cerdeira
2005-04-01
Animal locomotion employs different periodic patterns known as animal gaits. In 1993, Collins and Stewart recognized that gaits possessed certain symmetries and characterized the gaits of quadrupeds and bipeds using permutation symmetry groups, which impose constraints on the locomotion center called the central pattern generator (CPG) in the animal brain. They modeled the CPG by coupling four nonlinear oscillators and found that it was possible to reproduce all symmetries of the gaits by changing the coupling strength. Here we propose to extend this idea using coupled chaotic oscillators synchronized using the Pyragas method in order to characterize the CPG symmetries. We also evaluate the time series behavior when the foot is in contact with the ground: this has potential robotic applications.
MR spectroscopy with parabolic magnetic field spin-oscillator coupling effect
Lewa, C; Horodecki, R; Horodecki, M; Lewa, Czeslaw; Horodecki, Pawel; Horodecki, Ryszard; Horodecki, Michal
1999-01-01
The spectrum of the spin particle in oscillatory potential subjected to external parabolic magnetic field ${\\bf B}=(B_0+Gx+\\tilde G x^2){\\bf \\hat z}$ is obtained. The structure of energy levels of the considered system allows to identify the frequency of the oscillator via the spectrum of spin sublevels coming only from {\\it one} oscillatory level. The effect is due to the gradient terms in the form of the field.
Central role of electronic temperature for photoelectron charge and spin mobilities in p+-GaAs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The charge and spin mobilities of minority photoelectrons in p+-GaAs are determined by monitoring the effect of an electric field on the spatial profiles of the luminescence and of its polarization. By using electric fields to increase the photoelectron temperature Te without significantly changing the hole or lattice temperatures, the charge and spin mobilities are shown to be principally dependent on Te. For Te > 70 K, both the charge and spin mobilities vary as Te−1.3, while at lower temperatures this changes to an even more rapid Te−4.3 law. This finding suggests that current theoretical models based on degeneracy of majority carriers cannot fully explain the observed temperature dependence of minority carrier mobility
Jahangiri, J; Mahdavifar, S; Shayesteh, S Farjami
2015-01-01
We consider the spin-1/2 two-leg ladders with ferromagnetic (FM) interactions along legs and rungs. Using the stochastic series expansion QMC method, we study the low-temperature magnetic behavior of the system. An isolated spin-1/2 FM two-leg ladder is in the gapped saturated FM phase at zero temperature. As soon as the spin-1/2 FM two-leg ladders are connected with antiferromagnetic (AFM) inter-ladder interaction, a first-order commensurate-incommensurate quantum phase transition occurs in the ground state magnetic phase diagram. In fact a jump in the magnetization curve is observed. We found that, coupled spin-1/2 FM two-leg ladders are in a nonmagnetic phase at zero temperature. Applying a magnetic field, the ground state of coupled spin-1/2 FM two-leg ladders remains in the nonmagnetic phase up to a quantum saturate critical field.