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Sample records for central nucleoelectrica laguna

  1. The continuous improvement system of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde; El sistema de mejora continua de la central nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera C, A. [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Km. 42.5 Cardel-Nautla, Veracruz (Mexico)], e-mail: arr99999@cfe.gob.mx

    2009-10-15

    This paper describes the continuous improvement system of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde and the achievements in implementing the same and additionally two study cases are presents. In February 2009 is noteworthy because the World Association of Nuclear Operators we identified as a learning organization, qualification which shows that the continuous improvement system has matured, and this system will expose as I get to learn to capitalize on our own experiences and external experiences diffused by the nuclear industry. In 2007 the management of nuclear power plants integrates its improvement systems and calls it continuous improvement system and is presented in the same extensive report that won the National Quality Award. This system is made up of 5 subsystems operating individually and are also related 1) human performance; 2) referential comparison or benchmarking; 3) self-assessment; 4) corrective action and 5) external operating experience. Five subsystems that plan, generate, capture, manage, communicate and protect the knowledge generated during the processes execution of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, as well as from external sources. The target set in 2007 was to increase the intellectual capital to always give response to meeting the security requirements, but creating a higher value to quality, customer, environment protection and society. In brief each of them, highlighting the objective, expectations management, implementation and some benefits. At the end they will describe two study cases selected to illustrate these cases as the organization learns by their continuous improvement system. (Author)

  2. Economic analysis of extended cycles in the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant; Analisis economico de ciclos de extendidos en la Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde

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    Hernandez N, H.; Hernandez M, J.L.; Francois L, J.L. [Facultad de Ingenieria, UNAM, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)]. E-mail: hermilo@correo.unam.mx

    2004-07-01

    The present work presents a preliminary analysis of economic type of extended cycles of operation of the Unit One in the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant. It is analysed an equilibrium cycle of 18 months firstly, with base to the Plan of Use of Energy of the Federal Commission of Electricity, being evaluated the cost of the energy until the end of the useful life of the plant. Later on an alternative recharge scenario is presented with base to an equilibrium cycle of 24 months, implemented to the beginning of the cycle 11, without considering transition cycles. It is added in both cycles the cost of the substitution energy, considering the unitary cost of the fuel of a dual thermoelectric power station of 350 M We and evaluating in each operation cycle, in both scenarios, the value of the substitution energy. The results show that a reduction of the days of recharge in the cycle of 24 months could make this option but favorable economically. The duration of the period of recharge rebounds in considerable grade in the cost of energy generation for concept of fuel. (Author)

  3. Implementation of the project of equipment reliability in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde; Implementacion del proyecto de confiabilidad de equipo en la Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde

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    Rios O, J. E.; Martinez L, A. G. [CFE, Central Laguna Verde, Subgerencia General de Operacion, Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: jrios@cfe.gob.mx

    2008-07-01

    A equipment is reliable if it fulfills the function for which was designed and when it is required. To implement a project of reliability in a nuclear power plant this associate to a process of continuous analysis of the operation, of the conditions and faults of the equipment. The analysis of the operation of a system, of the equipment of the same faults and the parts that integrate to equipment take to identify the potential causes of faults. The predictive analysis on components and equipment allow to rectify and to establish guides to optimize the maintenance and to guarantee the reliability and function of the same ones. The reliability in the equipment is without place to doubts a wide project that embraces from the more small component of the equipment going by the proof of the parts of reserve, the operation conditions until the operative techniques of analysis. Without place of doubt for a nuclear power plant the taking of decisions based on the reliability of their systems and equipment will be the appropriate for to assure the operation and reliability of the same one. In this work would appear the project of reliability its processes, criteria, indicators action of improvement and the interaction of the different disciplines from the Nuclear Power Plant of Laguna Verde like a fundamental point for it put in operation. (Author)

  4. Electrical systems at the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde after the event in Fukushima; Sistemas electricos en la central nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde despues del evento de Fukushima

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    Lopez J, J. F., E-mail: jflopez@cnsns.gob.mx [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, Dr. Jose M. Barragan 779, Col. Narvarte, 03020 Ciudad de Mexico (Mexico)

    2016-09-15

    During the event at the nuclear power plant of Fukushima Daichii (Japan), the electrical systems were affected both Onsite and Offsite, which were lost for a long time with irreversible consequences. Therefore, the Mexican Regulatory Body known as the Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS) has taken various actions to review the current capacity of the electrical systems at the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-LV) before an event beyond the design bases. The CNSNS made special inspections to the NPP-LV to verify the current capacity of the electrical systems of Ac and Dc; as a result of the inspections, requirements were generated that must be met to demonstrate that has the capacity to deal with events beyond the design bases. In addition, CNSNS has participated in the Ibero-American Forum to deal with resistance testing. Is important to note that prior to the event at the nuclear power plant of Fukushima, the NPP-LV had implemented 1) the project Extended Power Increase in both Units of the NPP-LV, and 2) the Generic Charter 2006-02, both issues are considered contributions in the robustness of electrical systems. But it is also important to mention that the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission will soon issue mitigation strategies for a Station Blackout event, which could involve new actions at nuclear power plants. Based on the aforementioned, the CNSNS concludes that all the actions being taken contribute to the strengthening of the NPP-LV electrical systems, in order to increase their reliability, safety and operation when these are required to deal with events beyond the design bases as the event occurred in Fukushima Daichii and avoid as far as possible, damage in the reactor cores of the NPP-LV. (Author)

  5. Turbine model for the Laguna Verde nucleo electric central based in the RELAP code; Modelo de turbina para la Central nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde basado en el codigo RELAP

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    Cortes M, F.S.; Ramos P, J.C.; Salazar S, E.; Chavez M, C. [Facultad de Ingenieria, Division de Estudios de Posgrado, Grupo de Ingenieria Nuclear, UNAM (Mexico)]. e-mail: cchavez2@cableonline.com.mx

    2003-07-01

    The Nuclear Power stations as Laguna Verde occupy at the present time a place every time but important as non pollutant alternative, economic and trusty to generate electricity. It is for it that the Group of Nuclear Engineering of the Engineering Faculty (GrlNFI) of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) it develops investigation projects applied to Nuclear Centrals. One of the projects in process is the development of a Classroom simulator, which it can configures to consent to diverse models of nuclear systems with training purposes in normal operation, or, to consent to specialized nuclear codes for the analysis of transitory events and have a severe accident. This work describes the development, implementation and it proves of a simplified model of the Main turbine to be integrated to the group of models of the Classroom simulator. It is part of the current effort of GrlNFI guided to obtain a representation of all the dynamic models necessary to simulate the Plant Balance of the Laguna Verde Central. It is included the development of the unfolding graphic which represent the modeling of the Main turbine, and of the control interface that allows the user to manipulate in simple way, direct and interactive this device during the training or the analysis. With this work it is wanted to contribute to the training of new technicians and to support the operation personnel of the Centrals. Also, the developed infrastructure is guided to contribute in the design and analysis of new Nuclear Power stations with the contribution of new computational tools for the visualization, simulation and process control. (Author)

  6. 30 years in the Veracruz state coast landscape: Laguna Verde nuclear power station. 1. ed.; 30 anos de paisaje costero veracruzano: Central Nucleoelectrica Laguan Verde

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    Guevara, S; Moreno Casasola, P; Castillo Campos, G; Dorantes, C; Gonzalez Garcia, F; Halffter, G; Isunza, E; Lot H, A; Mendoza, R; Paradowska, K; Priego, A; Sanchez Vigil, C; Vazquez, G [Comision Federal de Electricidad and Instituto Nacional de Ecologia A.C. (Mexico)

    2008-07-01

    results of the environmental measurements also demonstrate that the nuclear option of electrical energy generation, when it is operated with safety and efficiency, is one of the friendlier forms with the environment of power generation. [Spanish] Hace 36 anos nacio uno de los proyectos energeticos mas importantes de Mexico; el diseno y construccion de la Central Nuclear Laguna Verde. Este proyecto se volvio realidad gracias al compromiso de un grupo de profesionistas mexicanos que dieron lo mejor de ellos para su realizacion. En Mexico no existia en ese momento una legislacion que contemplara la proteccion del medio ambiente; sin embargo, la Constitucion preve que cuando en el pais no exista legislacion para el desarrollo de un proyecto. Este debe adoptar la legislacion del pais que lo esta vendiendo. En el caso especifico de Laguna Verde, se adopto la legislacion de los Estados Unidos de America y en la parte ambiental se tuvo que realizar el primer Manifiesto de Impacto Ambiental, que se titulo Informe ambiental para la construccion de la Central Nuclear Laguna Verde en el Estado de Veracruz. Este estudio lo realizaron varias instituciones tanto nacionales como extranjeras. Entre las mas sobresalientes se cuenta con: la Universidad Nacional autonoma de Mexico, el Instituto Politecnico Nacional, la Universidad Veracruzana, el Instituto Nacional para la Investigacion de los Recursos Biologicos, el Instituto de Ecologia, A.C. Con este informe, los ingenieros se dieron a la tarea de disenar y construir, los biologos y ecologos a realizar los estudios para mitigar los efectos causados al medio ambiente durante la construccion y, posteriormente, durante la operacion de la Central Nuclear. Despues de 18 anos de operacion comercial de la central se concluye el presente libro, en el cual se comparan los resultados obtenidos en 1972, cuando se iniciaron los estudios para el informe ambiental, contra los obtenidos a lo largo de este periodo. Es importante ver en los resultados de

  7. Analysis of internal events for the Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station. Appendixes; Analisis de eventos internos para la Unidad 1 de la Central Nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde. Apendices

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    Huerta B, A; Lopez M, R [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, 03000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    1995-07-01

    This volume contains the appendices for the accident sequences analysis for those internally initiated events for Laguna Verde Unit 1, Nuclear Power Plant. The appendix A presents the comments raised by the Sandia National Laboratories technical staff as a result of the review of the Internal Event Analysis for Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant. This review was performed during a joint Sandia/CNSNS multi-day meeting by the end 1992. Also included is a brief evaluation on the applicability of these comments to the present study. The appendix B presents the fault tree models printed for each of the systems included and.analyzed in the Internal Event Analysis for LVNPP. The appendice C presents the outputs of the TEMAC code, used for the cuantification of the dominant accident sequences as well as for the final core damage evaluation. (Author)

  8. Internal event analysis of Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant. System Analysis; Analisis de Eventos Internos para la Unidad 1 de la Central Nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde. Analisis de sistemas

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    Huerta B, A; Aguilar T, O; Nunez C, A; Lopez M, R [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, 03000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    1993-07-01

    The Level 1 results of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant PRA are presented in the {sup I}nternal Event Analysis of Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant{sup ,} CNSNS-TR-004, in five volumes. The reports are organized as follows: CNSNS-TR-004 Volume 1: Introduction and Methodology. CNSNS-TR-004 Volume 2: Initiating Event and Accident Sequences. CNSNS-TR-004 Volume 3: System Analysis. CNSNS-TR-004 Volume 4: Accident Sequence Quantification and Results. CNSNS-TR-004 Volume 5: Appendices A, B and C. This volume presents the results of the system analysis for the Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant. The system analysis involved the development of logical models for all the systems included in the accident sequence event tree headings, and for all the support systems required to operate the front line systems. For the Internal Event analysis for Laguna Verde, 16 front line systems and 5 support systems were included. Detailed fault trees were developed for most of the important systems. Simplified fault trees focusing on major faults were constructed for those systems that can be adequately represent,ed using this kind of modeling. For those systems where fault tree models were not constructed, actual data were used to represent the dominant failures of the systems. The main failures included in the fault trees are hardware failures, test and maintenance unavailabilities, common cause failures, and human errors. The SETS and TEMAC codes were used to perform the qualitative and quantitative fault tree analyses. (Author)

  9. Internal event analysis for Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant. Accident sequence quantification and results; Analisis de eventos internos para la Unidad 1 de la Central Nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde. Cuantificacion de secuencias de accidente y resultados

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    Huerta B, A; Aguilar T, O; Nunez C, A; Lopez M, R [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, 03000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    1994-07-01

    The Level 1 results of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant PRA are presented in the {sup I}nternal Event Analysis for Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant, CNSNS-TR 004, in five volumes. The reports are organized as follows: CNSNS-TR 004 Volume 1: Introduction and Methodology. CNSNS-TR4 Volume 2: Initiating Event and Accident Sequences. CNSNS-TR 004 Volume 3: System Analysis. CNSNS-TR 004 Volume 4: Accident Sequence Quantification and Results. CNSNS-TR 005 Volume 5: Appendices A, B and C. This volume presents the development of the dependent failure analysis, the treatment of the support system dependencies, the identification of the shared-components dependencies, and the treatment of the common cause failure. It is also presented the identification of the main human actions considered along with the possible recovery actions included. The development of the data base and the assumptions and limitations in the data base are also described in this volume. The accident sequences quantification process and the resolution of the core vulnerable sequences are presented. In this volume, the source and treatment of uncertainties associated with failure rates, component unavailabilities, initiating event frequencies, and human error probabilities are also presented. Finally, the main results and conclusions for the Internal Event Analysis for Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant are presented. The total core damage frequency calculated is 9.03x 10-5 per year for internal events. The most dominant accident sequences found are the transients involving the loss of offsite power, the station blackout accidents, and the anticipated transients without SCRAM (ATWS). (Author)

  10. Estimation of requirements of eolic energy equivalent to the electric generation of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant; Estimacion de requerimientos de energia eolica equivalente a la generacion electrica de la Central Nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde

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    Garcia V, M.A.; Hernandez M, I.A. [Facultad de Ingenieria, Division de Ingenieria Electrica, UNAM, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)]. E-mail: maiki27@yahoo.com; Martin del Campo M, C. [Facultad de Ingenieria, Laboratorio de Analisis en Ingenieria de Reactores Nucleares, UNAM, Paseo Cuauhnahuac 8532, 62550 Jiutepec, Morelos (Mexico)

    2004-07-01

    The advantages are presented that have the nuclear and eolic energy as for their low environmental impact and to the human health. An exercise is presented in the one that is supposed that the electric power generated by the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power plant (CNLV), with capacity of 1365 M W, it should be produced by eolic energy when in the years 2020 and 2025 the units 1 and 2 of the CNLV reach its useful life and be moved away. It is calculated the number of aero generators that would produce the electric power average yearly of the CNLV, that which is equal to install eolic parks with capacity of 2758 M W, without considering that it will also be invested in systems of back generation to produce electricity when the aero generators stops for lack of wind. (Author)

  11. Calculating of radiation doses in rutinary unloads of liquid wastes from Laguna Verde nuclear power plant.; Calculo de las dosis de radiacion debidas a las descargas rutinarias de desechos liquidos de la central nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Molina, G

    1986-12-31

    Utilization of nuclear energy to generate electricity is increasingly being used to replace fossil fuels. During operation of nuclear power plants, radioactive materials are produced, a small fraction of which are released to environment as liquid or gaseous effluents. Estimation of radiation doses caused by effluents release has three purposes. During design phase of a nuclear station it is useful to adapt the wastes treatment systems to acceptable limits. During licensing phase, the regulator organism verifies the design of nuclear station effectuating estimation of doses. Finally, during operation, before every unload of radioactive effluents, radiation doses should be evaluated in order to fulfill technical specifications limiting the release of radioactive materials to environment. 1. To perform calculations of individual doses due to liquid radioactive effluents unload in units 1 and 2 of Laguna Verde nuclear power plant (In licensing phase). 2. To perform a parametric study of the effect of unload recirculation over individual dose, since recirculation has two principal effects: thermodynamical effects in nuclear station and radioactivity concentration; the last can affect the fullfilment of dose limits. 3. To perform the calculation of collective doses causes by unloads of liquid effluents within a radius of 80 km of the plant caused by unload of liquid radioactive effluents during normal operation and does not include doses during accident conditions. In Mexico the organism in charge of regulation of peaceful uses of nuclear energy is Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS) and for Laguna Verde licensing, the regulations of the country who manufactured the reactor (USA). In Appendix C, units are explained.

  12. Development of an interactive model of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant based on the RELAP/SCDAP code; Desarrollo del modelo interactivo de la central nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde basado en el codigo RELAP/SCDAP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salazar C, J.H.; Ramos P, J.C.; Salazar S, E.; Chavez M, C. [LAIRN, FI-UNAM, DEPFI Campus Morelos, Jiutepec, Morelos (Mexico)]. e-mail: cchavez2@cableonline.com.mx

    2003-07-01

    The present work describes the development of an interactive model of the Nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (CNLV) based on the RELAP/SCDAP nuclear code, and it incorporation to a classroom simulator. The functional prototype it allows to make evaluations for operational transients and postulates accidents, with capacitation purposes, training, analysis and design. It emphasizes on the methodology used to establish the inter activity. Such methodology, is based on a modular structure in the one that multiple processes can be executed in an independent way and where the generated information is stored in segments of shared memory (characteristic that allows the UNIX operating system) and sent to the different processes by means of communication routines developed in C programming language. The utility of the system is demonstrated by means of the use of interactive display graphics (mimic diagrams, pictorials and tendency graphics) for the simultaneous dynamic visualization of the variables more significant that involve to the pattern of a transitory event type (for example failure of the controller of feeding water in a BWR reactor). Near with the interactive module, it was developed a model of the reactor of the CNLV for the code of better estimation RELAP/SCDAP. Finally the evaluation of the model is described, where it is interpreted in general form the behavior of those main variables that describe the stationary state, corroborating that follow the same tendency that those reported in the FSAR (Final Safety Analysis Report) of the Laguna Verde plant. The obtained results allow to conclude that the made development was satisfactory and that it presents enormous advantages regarding the capacity and time of analysis when using tools of visualization in real time of execution. (Author)

  13. Feasibility analysis in the expansion proposal of the nuclear power plant Laguna Verde: application of real options, binomial model; Analisis de viabilidad en la propuesta de expansion de la central nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde: aplicacion de opciones reales, modelo binomial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez I, S.; Ortiz C, E.; Chavez M, C., E-mail: lunitza@gmail.com [UNAM, Facultad de Ingenieria, Circuito Interior, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2011-11-15

    At the present time, is an unquestionable fact that the nuclear electrical energy is a topic of vital importance, no more because eliminates the dependence of the hydrocarbons and is friendly with the environment, but because is also a sure and reliable energy source, and represents a viable alternative before the claims in the growing demand of electricity in Mexico. Before this panorama, was intended several scenarios to elevate the capacity of electric generation of nuclear origin with a variable participation. One of the contemplated scenarios is represented by the expansion project of the nuclear power plant Laguna Verde through the addition of a third reactor that serves as detonator of an integral program that proposes the installation of more nuclear reactors in the country. Before this possible scenario, the Federal Commission of Electricity like responsible organism of supplying energy to the population should have tools that offer it the flexibility to be adapted to the possible changes that will be presented along the project and also gives a value to the risk to future. The methodology denominated Real Options, Binomial model was proposed as an evaluation tool that allows to quantify the value of the expansion proposal, demonstrating the feasibility of the project through a periodic visualization of their evolution, all with the objective of supplying a financial analysis that serves as base and justification before the evident apogee of the nuclear energy that will be presented in future years. (Author)

  14. Experiences in the implementation of the Coaching project in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-L V); Experiencias en la implementacion del proyecto Coaching en la Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde (CNLV)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendez M, H. I., E-mail: hugo.mendez01@cfe.gob.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Departamento del Centro de Entrenamiento, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km 42.5, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2012-10-15

    This document has the purpose of to share acquired experiences during the implementation of the Coaching project focused the training of supervisors and directive personnel of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-L V). Derived of the improvement areas identified by the supervisor organization of the nuclear power stations WANO (World Association Nuclear of Operators) and of the auto-evaluations realized by the expert personnel of the same power station that based on external experiences carried out through the Benchmarking (comparison with other power stations) they have reflected the necessity to activate a training process in Coaching with a practical focus toward the directive and supervisor personnel in the power station. By means of the observation of the personnel's acting so much in the control rooms like in different areas, three focus areas have been identified for the training in Coaching, these are the personnel's motivation, the organizational communication so much in vertical form as horizontal and the perception of confidence lack among directive, supervisors, operators and technicians. The plan focused in the abilities training of Coaching with practical sense was development, supported with an evaluation of 360 grades as tool of competitions development through a computer application e-Coaching. The use of application and Coaching following techniques facilitated the conformation of the practical focus, same that are of continuous use starting from the training of the supervisor and directive personnel. (Author)

  15. Analysis of a natural draught tower in the circulation seawater system of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde; Analisis de una torre de tiro natural en el sistema de agua de circulacion de mar de la central nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tijerina S, F.; Vargas A, A. [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Subgerencia de Ingenieria, Carretera Veracruz-Medellin Km. 7.5, Veracruz (Mexico)], e-mail: francisco.tijerina@cfe.gob.mx

    2009-10-15

    The analysis of a natural draught tower in open circuit for the cooling system of seawater circulation on the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, it is based on conditions of 2027 MWt and 2317 MWt, where the flows of circulation water system hardly vary and whose purpose will be, to cool the seawater circulation. The circulation water system is used as heat drain in main condenser of turbo generator to condense the nuclear vapor. The annual average temperature in the seawater at present is of 26 C to the entrance to circulation water system and it is vary in accordance with the time of year. The mean temperature of leaving of circulation water system to the sea is of 41 C. Having a cooling tower to reduce the entrance temperature to the circulation water system, it improves the efficiency of thermal transfer in condenser, it improves the vacuum in condenser giving more operative margin to avoid condenser losses by air entrances and nuclear power plant shutdowns, as well as for to improve the efficiency of operative balance of nuclear power plant, also it prevents the impact in thermal transfer efficiency in condenser by the climatic change. (Author)

  16. Statistical analysis of the wind around a nuclear power plant; Analisis estadistico del viento alrededor de una central nucleoelectrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tejeda, A; Alvarez, Oscar; Contreras, A. D.; Jauregui, E. [Universidad Veracruzana, (Mexico)

    1996-12-31

    In order to show an appropriate methodology for the climatic analysis of the wind, some of the recent results in the investigation of the field flow around the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station, at Veracruz State (Mexico,) through the angular correlation coefficients and contingency tables among the registered wind directions by a meteorological tower at the levels of 10 and 60 meters high are presented. Finally, by applying an objective analysis of the data some conclusions are obtained in connection with the local winds with the mesoscale systems. [Espanol] Con el objeto de mostrar una metodologia apropiada en el analisis climatico del viento, se presentan algunos resultados recientes en la investigacion del campo de flujo en los alrededores de la central nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde, Veracruz (Mexico), a traves de los coeficientes de correlacion angulares y de tablas de contingencia entre las direcciones del viento registradas por una torre meteorologica en los niveles de 10 y 60 metros de altura. Finalmente, aplicando analisis objetivo de los datos, se obtienen algunas conclusiones sobre la conexion de los vientos locales con los sistemas de mesoescala.

  17. Statistical analysis of the wind around a nuclear power plant; Analisis estadistico del viento alrededor de una central nucleoelectrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tejeda, A; Alvarez, Oscar; Contreras, A D; Jauregui, E [Universidad Veracruzana, (Mexico)

    1997-12-31

    In order to show an appropriate methodology for the climatic analysis of the wind, some of the recent results in the investigation of the field flow around the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station, at Veracruz State (Mexico,) through the angular correlation coefficients and contingency tables among the registered wind directions by a meteorological tower at the levels of 10 and 60 meters high are presented. Finally, by applying an objective analysis of the data some conclusions are obtained in connection with the local winds with the mesoscale systems. [Espanol] Con el objeto de mostrar una metodologia apropiada en el analisis climatico del viento, se presentan algunos resultados recientes en la investigacion del campo de flujo en los alrededores de la central nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde, Veracruz (Mexico), a traves de los coeficientes de correlacion angulares y de tablas de contingencia entre las direcciones del viento registradas por una torre meteorologica en los niveles de 10 y 60 metros de altura. Finalmente, aplicando analisis objetivo de los datos, se obtienen algunas conclusiones sobre la conexion de los vientos locales con los sistemas de mesoescala.

  18. Negative sequence relay applied to generator 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant; Aplicacion de un relevador de secuencia negativa en el generador 1 de la central de Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diaz de la Serna P, Enrique [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1988-12-31

    The rotor of a synchronous generator can be dangerously heated in a short time by stator current unbalance, therefore it must be protected with a specific relay. This article discusses the protection and the adjustments selected for Unit 1 of the Comision Federal de Electricidad Laguna Verde Nuclear Nuclear Power Station. [Espanol] El rotor de un generador sincrono puede calentarse peligrosamente en un tiempo corto debido a desbalance de corrientes en el estator, por lo que debe protegerse con un relevador especifico. En este articulo se describen la proteccion y los ajustes seleccionados para la unidad 1, de la central nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde de la Comision Federal de Electricidad.

  19. Simulation of the steady state of the Laguna Verde Nuclear power station at full power (1931 MWt and 2027 Mwt) with the SCDAPSIM code; Simulacion del estado estacionario de la Central Nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde a plena potencia (1931 MWt y 2027 MWt) con el codigo SCDAPSIM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amador G, R.; Nunez C, A.; Mateos, E. del A. [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2001-07-01

    This document describes two models developed for the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station (LVNPP) using SCDAPSIM computer code. These models represent the LVNPP in normal operation with a nominal power of 1931 MWt and power uprate conditions of 2027 MWt. The steady states obtained by means of these models comply with the criteria established by the ANSI/ANS-3.5-1985 for nuclear power plant simulators. This criteria has been applied to the models of the LVNPP developed by CNSNS in want of some international accepted criteria for ''Best Estimation'' computer codes. These models will be the bases to carry out studies of validation of the own models as well as the analysis of diverse scenarios that evolve to a severe accident. (Author)

  20. Scenarios simulation of severe accident type small loss of coolant (Loca), with the code MELCOR version 2.1 for the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde; Simulacion de escenarios de accidente severo tipo perdida de refrigerante (Loca) pequeno, con el codigo MELCOR version 2.1 para la central nucleo-electrica de Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cardenas V, J.; Mugica R, C. A.; Godinez S, V., E-mail: Jaime.cardenas@cnsns.gob.mx [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, Dr. Jose Ma. Barragan No. 779, Col. Narvarte, 03020 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2013-10-15

    In this work was carried out the analysis of two scenarios of the accident type with loss of coolant in a recirculation loop for a break with smaller ares to 0.1 ft{sup 2} (4.6 cm{sup 2}), which is classified according to their size like small Loca. The first simulated scenario was a small Loca without action of the emergency coolant injection systems, and the second was a small Loca with only the available system LPCS. This design base accident was taken into account for its relevance with regard to the damage to the core and the hydrogen generation. Was also observed and analyzed the response of the action of the ECCS that depend of the loss of coolant reason and this in turn depends of the size and type of the pipe break. The specified scenarios were simulated by means of the use of MELCOR model for the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde that has the Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias. (Author)

  1. Dynamic analysis of the condensate and of the feed water in the Laguna Verde nuclear power station; Analisis dinamico del sistema de condensado y agua de alimentacion de la nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macedo Muth, Javier; Sandoval Pena, Ramon [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1988-12-31

    This article shows a non-lineal mathematical model for the condensate, and feed water systems and for feed water heater drains at the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station for its simulation in real time. The model allows the calculation of flows and pressures in all the piping system and equipment that integrate the systems. It was obtained by using the force unbalance in the fluid concept and is capable of reproducing its dynamic behavior through variations induced by the different operation modes and more common failures. The final model objective is to form part of the Laguna Verde simulator that will be used for operator training of this Nuclear Power Plant. [Espanol] En este articulo se muestra un modelo matematico no lineal de los sistemas de condensado, agua de alimentacion y drenes de calentadores de la central nuclear de Laguna Verde para su simulacion en tiempo real. El modelo permite calcular los flujos y las presiones en toda la red de tuberias y equipos que integran los sistemas. Se obtuvo utilizando el concepto de desbalance de fuerzas en el fluido, y es capaz de reproducir su comportamiento dinamico ante variaciones inducidas por los diversos modos de operacion y fallas mas comunes. El objetivo final del modelo es formar parte del simulador de Laguna Verde que se empleara para el adiestramiento de los operadores de dicha central nuclear.

  2. Arrangement and statistics of storage containers of spent fuel for assemblies of the SFP of NPP-L V, Unit 1; Arreglo y estadistica de contenedores de almacenamiento de combustible gastado para los ensambles de la ACG de la Unidad 1 de la Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mijangos D, Z. E.; Vargas A, A. F.; Amador C, C., E-mail: zoedelfin@gmail.com [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Subgerencia de Ingenieria, Km 44.5 Carretera Cardel-Nautla, 91476 Laguna Verde, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2014-10-15

    This work presents the determination of assemblies of the spent fuel pool (SFP) of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-L V) which are candidates to be assigned to storage containers of independent spent fuel, with the objective of liberating decay heat and to have more space in the SFP, for the store of retired assemblies of the reactors in future reloads of NPP-L V, besides that the removed assemblies of the SFP should be stored in specific containers to guarantee the physical safety of them, as well as the radiological protection to the population and the environment. The design of the containers considered in this work is to store a maximum of 69 assemblies; it has a thermal capacity of 26 kilowatts and allows storing assemblies with a minimum of 5 years of have been extracted of the reactor core. Is considered that in 2016 start the storage of the spent assemblies on the containers, the candidates assemblies to store cover from the first reload in 1991, until the assemblies deposited in the SFP in the 14 reload in 2010; therefore in 2016, such assemblies will have fulfilled with the criteria of 5 years of have been removed of the Reactor, also the 69 assemblies assigned to each container will have a resulting decay heat that does not exceed the thermal capacity of the container, but that in great percentage approximates to the same one, and this way to take full advantage of their storage capacity and thermal capacity for each container. This work also contains the arrangement to accommodate the assemblies in the containers; such arrangement is constituted by areas according to the decay heat of each assembly. (Author)

  3. The Staffing of Central Electricity Generating Board Nuclear Power Stations; Organigramme des centrales nucleaires du central electricity generating board; Politika v oblasti kadrov na atomnykh ehlektrostantsiyakh CEGB; El personal de las plantas nucleoelectricas de la central electricity generating board.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartlett, J. S.; Shepherd, G. T. [Central Electricity Generating Board, Western Division, Bristol (United Kingdom)

    1963-10-15

    An account is given of the staffing requirements and organization at a CEBG nuclear power station. The training of staff and licensing requirements for reactoroperating staff are discussed. Experience gained to data of the outcome of pre-operating training and detailed planning in the operational sphere is given. (author) [French] Le memoire donne un apercu de l'organigramme d'une centrale nucleaire du CEGB et des conditions auxquelles doit satisfaire le personnel (formation, qualifications requises pour la fonction d'operateur). Il rend compte egalement de l'experience acquise a ce jour quant a l'interet qu'il y a a former le personnel au prealable et a etablir des plans d'operation detailles. (author) [Spanish] La memoria informa sobre la organizacion de las centrales nucleoelectricas de la CEGB y sobre la plantilla de personal que estas requieren. Discute la formacion del personal y los requisitos para obtener la licencia de operador de reactores. Describe la experiencia adquirida hasta el presente en materia de formacion previa del personal y de organizacion detallada de las operaciones. (author) [Russian] Daetsya otchet o trebovaniyakh, pred{sup y}avlyaemykh k personalu, i organizatsiya nabora personala na atomnykh ehlektrostantsiyakh Tsentral'nogo upravleniya proizvodstva ehlektroehnergii (CEGB). Obsuzhdayutsya voprosy podgotovki personala i normativnykh trebovanij, pred{sup y}avlyaemykh k ehkspluatatsionnomu personalu. Izlagaetsya opyt, nakoplennyj k nastoyashchemu vremeni v rezul'tate osushchestvleniya predehkspluatatsionnoj podgotovki i podrobnogo planirovaniya v usloviyakh ehkspluatatsii. (author)

  4. Design optimization of the Laguna Verde nuclear power station fuel recharge; Optimacion del diseno de recargas de combustible para la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cortes Campos, Carlos Cristobal [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico); Montes Tadeo, Jose Luis [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (ININ), Salazar (Mexico)

    1991-12-31

    It is described, in general terms, the procedure that is followed to accomplish the optimization of the recharge design, and an example is shown where this procedure was applied for the analysis of the type BWR reactor of Unit No. 1 of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station. [Espanol] Se describe en terminos generales el procedimiento que se sigue para realizar la optimacion del diseno de recargas, y se muestra un ejemplo en el que se utilizo dicho procedimiento para el analisis del reactor tipo BWR de la unidad 1, de la Central Laguna Verde (CLV).

  5. Design optimization of the Laguna Verde nuclear power station fuel recharge; Optimacion del diseno de recargas de combustible para la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cortes Campos, Carlos Cristobal [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico); Montes Tadeo, Jose Luis [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (ININ), Salazar (Mexico)

    1992-12-31

    It is described, in general terms, the procedure that is followed to accomplish the optimization of the recharge design, and an example is shown where this procedure was applied for the analysis of the type BWR reactor of Unit No. 1 of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station. [Espanol] Se describe en terminos generales el procedimiento que se sigue para realizar la optimacion del diseno de recargas, y se muestra un ejemplo en el que se utilizo dicho procedimiento para el analisis del reactor tipo BWR de la unidad 1, de la Central Laguna Verde (CLV).

  6. Environmental evidence of fossil fuel pollution in Laguna Chica de San Pedro lake sediments (Central Chile)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chirinos, L. [Centro de Ciencias Ambientales EULA-Chile, Universidad de Concepcion, PO Box 160-C, Concepcion (Chile)]. E-mail: lchirin@pucp.edu.pe; Rose, N.L. [Environmental Change Research Centre, University College London, 26 Bedford Way, London WG1HOAP (United Kingdom); Urrutia, R. [Centro de Ciencias Ambientales EULA-Chile, Universidad de Concepcion, PO Box 160-C, Concepcion (Chile); Munoz, P. [Departamento de Biologia Marina, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Larrondo 1281, Coquimbo (Chile); Torrejon, F. [Centro de Ciencias Ambientales EULA-Chile, Universidad de Concepcion, PO Box 160-C, Concepcion (Chile); Torres, L. [Departamento de Botanica, Universidad de Concepcion, Concepcion (Chile); Cruces, F. [Departamento de Botanica, Universidad de Concepcion, Concepcion (Chile); Araneda, A. [Centro de Ciencias Ambientales EULA-Chile, Universidad de Concepcion, PO Box 160-C, Concepcion (Chile); Zaror, C. [Facultad de Ingenieria Quimica, Universidad de Concepcion, Concepcion (Chile)

    2006-05-15

    This paper describes lake sediment spheroidal carbonaceous particle (SCP) profiles from Laguna Chica San Pedro, located in the Biobio Region, Chile (36{sup o} 51' S, 73{sup o} 05' W). The earliest presence of SCPs was found at 16 cm depth, corresponding to the 1915-1937 period, at the very onset of industrial activities in the study area. No SCPs were found at lower depths. SCP concentrations in Laguna Chica San Pedro lake sediments were directly related to local industrial activities. Moreover, no SCPs were found in Galletue lake (38{sup o} 41' S, 71{sup o} 17.5' W), a pristine high mountain water body used here as a reference site, suggesting that contribution from long distance atmospheric transport could be neglected, unlike published data from remote Northern Hemisphere lakes. These results are the first SCP sediment profiles from Chile, showing a direct relationship with fossil fuel consumption in the region. Cores were dated using the {sup 21}Pb technique. - The lake sediment record of SCPs shows the record of fossil-fuel derived pollution in Central Chile.

  7. Environmental evidence of fossil fuel pollution in Laguna Chica de San Pedro lake sediments (Central Chile)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chirinos, L.; Rose, N.L.; Urrutia, R.; Munoz, P.; Torrejon, F.; Torres, L.; Cruces, F.; Araneda, A.; Zaror, C.

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes lake sediment spheroidal carbonaceous particle (SCP) profiles from Laguna Chica San Pedro, located in the Biobio Region, Chile (36 o 51' S, 73 o 05' W). The earliest presence of SCPs was found at 16 cm depth, corresponding to the 1915-1937 period, at the very onset of industrial activities in the study area. No SCPs were found at lower depths. SCP concentrations in Laguna Chica San Pedro lake sediments were directly related to local industrial activities. Moreover, no SCPs were found in Galletue lake (38 o 41' S, 71 o 17.5' W), a pristine high mountain water body used here as a reference site, suggesting that contribution from long distance atmospheric transport could be neglected, unlike published data from remote Northern Hemisphere lakes. These results are the first SCP sediment profiles from Chile, showing a direct relationship with fossil fuel consumption in the region. Cores were dated using the 21 Pb technique. - The lake sediment record of SCPs shows the record of fossil-fuel derived pollution in Central Chile

  8. Turbine model for the Laguna Verde nucleo electric central based in the RELAP code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cortes M, F.S.; Ramos P, J.C.; Salazar S, E.; Chavez M, C.

    2003-01-01

    The Nuclear Power stations as Laguna Verde occupy at the present time a place every time but important as non pollutant alternative, economic and trusty to generate electricity. It is for it that the Group of Nuclear Engineering of the Engineering Faculty (GrlNFI) of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) it develops investigation projects applied to Nuclear Centrals. One of the projects in process is the development of a Classroom simulator, which it can configures to consent to diverse models of nuclear systems with training purposes in normal operation, or, to consent to specialized nuclear codes for the analysis of transitory events and have a severe accident. This work describes the development, implementation and it proves of a simplified model of the Main turbine to be integrated to the group of models of the Classroom simulator. It is part of the current effort of GrlNFI guided to obtain a representation of all the dynamic models necessary to simulate the Plant Balance of the Laguna Verde Central. It is included the development of the unfolding graphic which represent the modeling of the Main turbine, and of the control interface that allows the user to manipulate in simple way, direct and interactive this device during the training or the analysis. With this work it is wanted to contribute to the training of new technicians and to support the operation personnel of the Centrals. Also, the developed infrastructure is guided to contribute in the design and analysis of new Nuclear Power stations with the contribution of new computational tools for the visualization, simulation and process control. (Author)

  9. Optimization of reloading Laguna Verde Central U1/U2, Federal Electricity Commission; Optimizacion de recargas Central Laguna Verde U1/U2, Comision Federal de Electricidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Espinosa G, J.M. [Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km. 45.5, Municipio de Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2006-07-01

    The Laguna Verde Central from the beginning of the commercial operation settled down as maximum priority 'the total safety in its operation' taking in consideration the so much experience of the good operation and of multiple recharges made in a sure and reliable way, and without separate us of the safety mystic of the CLV, but looking for to be better every day a new challenge it settled down 'to compare us with the best plants in the world' and certainly to work to classify us like one of them. For this we established a 4.0 year old plan (2003/2006) for the effectiveness all the processes in the power station that allowed us to measure our acting with the same parameters that settle down at international level (nuclear safety, industrial safety, radiological safety, capacity factor, readiness factor, cleaning of the power station, attachment to procedures, attention to the detail and certainly to be competitive in the economic aspect, summing up means to be good in all the aspects). All the above mentioned would allow us to qualify us as level 1 of WANO (world proprietors association of nuclear centrals) at the end of the year 2006 and to pass to be part of this select group. After analyzing the acting record of the power station, evaluating our technical and economic capacity, the location of the installation besides revising the international experiences was defined that one of the concepts that impact considerably so much to the capacity factors and availability besides the dose and production cost is the duration of the recharge periods, for this reason the present work is elaborated. (Author)

  10. Participation of the ININ in the activities of radioactive waste management of the Laguna Verde Central

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Medrano L, M.; Rodriguez C, C.; Linares R, D.; Ramirez G, R.; Zarate M, N.

    2006-01-01

    From the beginning of the operation of the Laguna Verde Central (CLV) the National Institute of Nuclear Research (ININ) has come supporting the CLV in the activities of administration of the humid and dry radioactive waste generated by the operation of the two units of the CLV, from the elaboration of procedures to the temporary storage in site, the implementation of a program of minimization and segregation of dry solid wastes, until the classification of the lots of humid waste and bulk dry wastes. In this work the description of the management activities of radioactive wastes carried out by the ININ in the facilities of the CLV to the date is presented, as well as some actions that they are had drifted in the future near, among those that it stands out the determination of the total alpha activity in humid samples by means of scintillation analysis. (Author)

  11. Simulation of the electric systems of the Laguna Verde nuclear power station; Simulacion de los sistemas electricos de la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez Lozano, Saul; Ruiz Ponce, Gerardo E [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1992-03-01

    In this article, the electric system models of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station (CNLV) simulator, are presented. These models permit the functioning simulation, in the different operation modes of the main generator (Ruiz and Rodriguez 1991a), of the auxiliaries system and of the substation (Ruiz and Rodriguez 1991b), and of the emergency diesel generators system (Ruiz and Rodriguez 1991c). The general characteristics of such systems, considered as the basis to obtain the representative models, which were developed as modules in an independent way to be integrated in the simulator, are also described. [Espanol] En este articulo, se presenta los modelos de los sistemas electricos del simulador de la Central Laguna Verde (CLV). Estos modelos permiten simular el funcionamiento, en los diferentes modos de operacion del generador principal (Ruiz y Rodriguez, 1991a), del sistema de auxiliares y de la subestacion (Ruiz y Rodriguez, 1991b) y del sistema de generadores diesel de emergencia (Ruiz y Rodriguez, 1991c). Asimismo, se describen las caracteristicas generales de tales sistemas, consideradas como la base para obtener los modelos representativos, los cuales fueron desarrollados como modulos en forma independiente para integrarse al simulador.

  12. Atmospheric emissions control at ENELVEN`s Ramon Laguna thermal power plant; Control de emisiones a la atmosfera en la central termoelectrica Ramon Laguna de ENELVEN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rincon Rincon, Edis Rafael [Empresa de Servicio Electrico (ENELVEN), (Venezuela)

    1996-12-31

    ENELVEN is an electric utility that covers the areas of generation, transmission and distribution of the Western an South coast of the Maracaibo Lake of the Zulia State, Venezuela. General aspects of the Ramon Laguna of ENELVEN fossil power plant are presented, as well as the environmental measures implanted in this power station to avoid detrimental effects on the environment that could be caused by the emission of combustion products without the appropriate control, such as particulate matter, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides and carbon oxides [Espanol] ENELVEN es una empresa de servicio electrico que cubre las areas de generacion, transmision y distribucion de la Costa Occidental y Sur del Lago de Maracaibo, del Estado Zulia, Venezuela. Se presentan aspectos generales de la planta termoelectrica Ramon Laguna de la empresa ENELVEN, asi como las medidas ambientales implantadas en esta central para evitar efectos adversos sobre el ambiente que pudieran producirse por la emision de productos de la combustion si no existiera el debido control, tales como: particulas, oxidos de azufre, oxidos de nitrogeno y oxidos de carbono

  13. Atmospheric emissions control at ENELVEN`s Ramon Laguna thermal power plant; Control de emisiones a la atmosfera en la central termoelectrica Ramon Laguna de ENELVEN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rincon Rincon, Edis Rafael [Empresa de Servicio Electrico (ENELVEN), (Venezuela)

    1997-12-31

    ENELVEN is an electric utility that covers the areas of generation, transmission and distribution of the Western an South coast of the Maracaibo Lake of the Zulia State, Venezuela. General aspects of the Ramon Laguna of ENELVEN fossil power plant are presented, as well as the environmental measures implanted in this power station to avoid detrimental effects on the environment that could be caused by the emission of combustion products without the appropriate control, such as particulate matter, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides and carbon oxides [Espanol] ENELVEN es una empresa de servicio electrico que cubre las areas de generacion, transmision y distribucion de la Costa Occidental y Sur del Lago de Maracaibo, del Estado Zulia, Venezuela. Se presentan aspectos generales de la planta termoelectrica Ramon Laguna de la empresa ENELVEN, asi como las medidas ambientales implantadas en esta central para evitar efectos adversos sobre el ambiente que pudieran producirse por la emision de productos de la combustion si no existiera el debido control, tales como: particulas, oxidos de azufre, oxidos de nitrogeno y oxidos de carbono

  14. The Technical Training Programme for Nuclear Power Station Personnel; Programme de formation technique du personnel des centrales nucleaires; Programma tekhnicheskoj podgotovki personala yadernoj ehlektrostantsii; El programa de formacion tecnica del personal de una central nucleoelectrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howey, G. R. [Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    1963-10-15

    requis. Des examens independants pour le personnel ont ete organises par l'Atomic Energy Control Board, organisme federal distinct. Le personnel se divise en cinq grandes categories: a) cadres superieurs: ingenieurs charges du fonctionnement, de l'entretien et de l'administration de la centrale; un systeme de roulement leur donne la possibilite de se mettre au courant de cous les aspects de l'exploitation de la centrale; b) operateurs: quatre echelons, selon les qualifications requises pour le travail envisage; c) electrotechniciens: quatre echelons, responsables de l'entretien de tous les instruments, des appareils de controle et des installations electriques; d) mecaniciens: echelons et qualifications variables (soudure, usinage, ajustage, etc.), charges de l'entretien de toutes les installations mecaniques et e) autre personnel d'entretien: charge de toute une serie de taches moins specialisees n'exigeant pas d'aptitudes particulieres. A ces diverses categories, il faut ajouter quelques specialistes tels que les chimistes et radioprotectionnistes. Le memoire passe en revue l'organisation du personnel de la NPD et examine les problemes de formation a resoudre en vue de repondre aux futurs besoins en energie. (author) [Spanish] La Central Nucleoelectrica Experimental del Canada (NPD) fue construida por un organismo federal, la Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, pero la explota con personal propio la Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario. Esta ultima tuvo dificultades para seleccionar y formar el personal necesario debido a que hasta hace poco la demanda de electricidad en Ontario se cubria con los abundantes recursos hidroelectricos de que dispone esta provincia. El incremento de la produccion de las centrales termicas, iniciado en 1950, dio lugar a una gran escasez de personal experimentado. Para hacer frente a esta situacion se estimulo la formacion de especialistas para las centrales nucleoelectricas. Se siguieron las siguientes etapas: a) Se selecciono un grupo

  15. SIMPRO, a practical tool for training the staff of Laguna Verde nuclear power plant; El SIMPRO, una herramienta practica para la capacitacion y entrenamiento del personal de la CNLV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez Valdez, Guillermo Omar; Gomez Camargo, Octavio; Castelo Cuevas, Luis; Vazquez Bustos, Jesus [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2012-06-22

    Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (LVNPP) has implemented a real physical model, which represents several parts of a simplified version of its process. This development has proved to be very useful to improve the compliance with training programs and staff training maintenance in the different disciplines of engineering. Such programs are required by regulations and standards applicable for Nuclear Power Plants (NPP), so that the personnel working in these facilities can be able to respond on time to any contingency that might arise. This paper outlines the creation of the real physical model, how it is integrated and some of the practices that can be performed on this model. [Spanish] La Central Nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde ha implementado un modelo fisico real que representa varias partes de una version simplificada de su proceso. Este desarrollo ha demostrado ser muy util para mejorar el cumplimiento de programas de adiestramiento, incluidos los del personal de mantenimiento, en diferentes disciplinas de ingenieria. Dichos programas son requeridos por las regulaciones y normas aplicables a las centrales nucleoelectricas, de manera que el personal que trabaja en estas instalaciones pueda ser capaz de responder oportunamente a cualquier contingencia que pudiera surgir. Este articulo describe la creacion del modelo fisico real, como se integra y algunas de las practicas que pueden llevarse a cabo con el.

  16. Multivariate analysis in the frequency mastery applied to the Laguna Verde Central; Analisis multivariable en el dominio de la frecuencia aplicado a la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillo D, R.; Ortiz V, J. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Calleros M, G. [CFE, Central Nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde, carretera Nautla-Cardel Km. 42.5, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: rcd@nuclear.inin.mx

    2006-07-01

    The noise analysis is an auxiliary tool in the detection of abnormal operation conditions of equipment, instruments or systems that affect to the dynamic behavior of the reactor. The spectral density of normalized power has usually been used (NPSD, by its initials in English), to watch over the behavior of some components of the reactor, for example, the jet pumps, the recirculation pumps, valves of flow control in the recirculation knots, etc. The behavior change is determined by individual analysis of the NPSD of the signals of the components in study. An alternative analysis that can allow to obtain major information on the component under surveillance is the multivariate autoregressive analysis (MAR, by its initials in English), which allows to know the relationship that exists among diverse signals of the reactor systems, in the time domain. In the space of the frequency, the relative contribution of power (RPC for their initials in English) it quantifies the influence of the variables of the systems on a variable of interest. The RPC allows, therefore that for a peak shown in the NPSD of a variable, it can be determine the influence from other variables to that frequency of interest. This facilitates, in principle, the pursuit of the important physical parameters during an event, and to study their interrelation. In this work, by way of example of the application of the RPC, two events happened in the Laguna Verde Central are analyzed: the rods blockade alarms by high scale in the monitors of average power, in which it was presents a power peak of 12% of width peak to peak, and the power oscillations event. The main obtained result of the analysis of the control rods blockade alarm event was that it was detected that the power peak observed in the signals of the average power monitors was caused by the movement of the valve of flow control of recirculation of the knot B. In the other oscillation event the results its show the mechanism of the oscillation of

  17. Report on the Fourth Reactor Refueling. Laguna Verde Nuclear Central. Unit 1. April-May 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mendoza L, A.; Flores C, E.; Lopez G, C.P.F.

    1995-01-01

    The fourth refueling of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde Nuclear Central was executed in the period of April 17 to May 31 of 1995 with the participation of a task group of 358 persons, included technicians and radiation protection officials and auxiliaries.The radiation monitoring and radiological surveillance to the workers was present length ways the refueling process and always attached to the ALARA criteria. The check points for radiation levels were set at: primary container or dry well, reloading floor, decontamination room (level 10.5), turbine building and radioactive waste building. To take advantage of the refueling process, rooms 203 and 213 of the turbine buildings were subject to inspection and maintenance work in valves, heaters and drains of heaters. Management aspects as personnel selection and training, costs, and countable are also presented in this report. Owing to the high cost of man-hour of the members of the ININ staff, its participation in the refueling process was in smaller number than years before. (Author)

  18. The Enrico Fermi Atomic Power Plant; La centrais nucleaire Enrico Fermi; Atomnaya ehlektrostantsiya im Ehnriko Fermi.; La central nucleoelectrica Enrico Fermi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hartwell, R. W. [Power Reactor Development Company, Detroit, MI (United States)

    1963-10-15

    , portant des vetements de protection speciaux, ont penetre dans le caisson. On entrait dans la zone de travail par.un sas special, car on maintenait une atmosphere d'argon a l'interieur du caisson. Modifications aux generateurs de vapeur. Au cours des essais hydrostatiques du generateur de vapeur No. 2, on a constate que plusieurs tubes fuyaient. La defaillance des tubes resultait d'un fendillage provoque par la corrosion sous contrainte. On a donc remplace les tubes du generateur No. 2, on a fait disparaitre les contraintes auxquelles etaient soumises les pieces et on a installe un dispositif detecteur d'hydrogene. En decembre 1962, il s'est produit une reaction sodium-eau dans le generateur de vapeur No. 1. Le disque de securite installe en prevision d'une telle eventualite a bien fonctionne. On cherche actuellement la cause et les effets de cette defaillance. Fin des essais avant la mise en service. Dans l'attente d'un permis d'exploitation a basse puissance, on termine le montage et le programme d'essais (mars 1963). (author) [Spanish] La construccion de la central nucleoelectrica Enrico Fermi, que esta equipada con un reactor reproductor de neutrones rapidos de 100 MW(e), quedo practicamente terminada en diciembre de 1961. En el curso de los ultimos 18 meses se han verificado minuciosamente los circuitos y partes constitutivas. Este programa de ensayos preliminares ha resultado en extremo util para comprobar la idoneidad del diseflo y obtener indicaciones sobre las modificaciones necesarias. Todos los problemas con que se tropezo pudieron solucionarse. A continuacion figura la lista de las principales modificaciones introducidas en la construccion de la central. Blindaje de grafito. En diciembre de 1960 se lleno de sodio el sistema primario, y se dio comienzo a una amplia serie de ensayos. Cuando se volvio a abrir el recinto primario de proteccion despues de someter este sistema a una temperatura de 540{sup o}C, se comprobo que gran parte de los bloques de grafito que

  19. Optimization of reloading Laguna Verde Central U1/U2, Federal Electricity Commission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Espinosa G, J.M.

    2006-01-01

    The Laguna Verde Central from the beginning of the commercial operation settled down as maximum priority 'the total safety in its operation' taking in consideration the so much experience of the good operation and of multiple recharges made in a sure and reliable way, and without separate us of the safety mystic of the CLV, but looking for to be better every day a new challenge it settled down 'to compare us with the best plants in the world' and certainly to work to classify us like one of them. For this we established a 4.0 year old plan (2003/2006) for the effectiveness all the processes in the power station that allowed us to measure our acting with the same parameters that settle down at international level (nuclear safety, industrial safety, radiological safety, capacity factor, readiness factor, cleaning of the power station, attachment to procedures, attention to the detail and certainly to be competitive in the economic aspect, summing up means to be good in all the aspects). All the above mentioned would allow us to qualify us as level 1 of WANO (world proprietors association of nuclear centrals) at the end of the year 2006 and to pass to be part of this select group. After analyzing the acting record of the power station, evaluating our technical and economic capacity, the location of the installation besides revising the international experiences was defined that one of the concepts that impact considerably so much to the capacity factors and availability besides the dose and production cost is the duration of the recharge periods, for this reason the present work is elaborated. (Author)

  20. Distinguishing megathrust from intraplate earthquakes using lacustrine turbidites (Laguna Lo Encañado, Central Chile)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Daele, Maarten; Araya-Cornejo, Cristian; Pille, Thomas; Meyer, Inka; Kempf, Philipp; Moernaut, Jasper; Cisternas, Marco

    2017-04-01

    One of the main challenges in seismically active regions is differentiating paleo-earthquakes resulting from different fault systems, such as the megathrust versus intraplate faults in subductions settings. Such differentiation is, however, key for hazard assessments based on paleoseismic records. Laguna Lo Encañado (33.7°S; 70.3°W; 2492 m a.s.l.) is located in the Central Chilean Andes, 50 km east of Santiago de Chile, a metropole with about 7,000,000 inhabitants. During the last century the study area experienced 3 large megathrust earthquakes (1906, 1985 and 2010) and 2 intraplate earthquakes (1945 and 1958) (Lomnitz, 1960). While the megathrust earthquakes cause Modified Mercalli Intensities (MMIs) of VI to VII at the lake (Van Daele et al., 2015), the intraplate earthquakes cause peak MMIs up to IX (Sepúlveda et al., 2008). Here we present a turbidite record of Laguna Lo Encañado going back to 1900 AD. While geophysical data (3.5 kHz subbottom seismic profiles and side-scan sonar data) provides a bathymetry and an overview of the sedimentary environment, we study 15 short cores in order to understand the depositional processes resulting in the encountered lacustrine turbidites. All mentioned earthquakes triggered turbidites in the lake, which are all linked to slumps in proximal areas, and are thus resulting from mass wasting of the subaquatic slopes. However, turbidites linked to the intraplate earthquakes are additionally covered by turbidites of a finer-grained, more clastic nature. We link the latter to post-seismic erosion of onshore landslides, which need higher MMIs to be triggered than subaquatic mass movements (Howarth et al., 2014). While intraplate earthquakes can cause MMIs up to IX and higher, megathrust earthquakes do not cause sufficiently high MMIs at the lake to trigger voluminous onshore landslides. Hence, the presence of these post-seismic turbidites allows to distinguish turbidites triggered by intraplate earthquakes from those

  1. Three stops of fuel reloading with length of less 30 days in the Laguna Verde Central

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lozano L, A.

    2007-01-01

    The Laguna Verde Central having established as mission 'With maximum priority in the safety, to generate electricity by nuclear means with quality and cost competitive, sustained in our personnel's continuous overcoming and deep respect to the environment' and respecting our values (safety, responsibility by results, professional integrity, continuous improving, team working, excellence in the acting, quality of service, protection to the environment) they thought about our strategic objectives of the power station being born this way one of them that it is the program of improvement 'Reduction of reload times' looking for to be improves every day comparing us with the best plants in the world efficient all the processes in the power station that allowed us to measure our acting with the same parameters that settle down at international level like they are nuclear safety, industrial safety, radiological safety, capacity factor, readiness factor, cleaning of the power station attachment to procedures, attention to the detail and certainly to be competitive in the economic aspect. After analyzing the acting record of the power station, evaluating our technical capacity, economic, the location of the installation besides revising the international experiences it was defined that one of the concepts that impact considerably so much to the capacity and readiness factors besides the dose and production cost is the duration of the reload periods, for this reason they were elaborated work strategies to be able to reach our goal of reload days considered in being able to carry out them in less than 30 days, here the actions carried out that they made us complete the three last reloads in less than 30 days are captured. (Author)

  2. Strategic planning 2007-2011, an opportunity for quality, competitiveness and excellence of the Laguna Verde Central; Planeacion estrategica 2007-2011, una oportunidad para la calidad, competitividad y excelencia de la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera C, A. [CFE, Central Laguna Verde, Kilometro 42.5 Cardel Nautla, Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: arr99999@cfe.gob.mx

    2007-07-01

    The reason is to give to know to the nuclear community in Mexico the good results that it located in the 2006 to the Laguna Verde Nucleo electric Central in the classification of the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) like one of the best in the worldwide scale, and their Strategic Plan 2007-2011 like an opportunity to continue improving the Quality, the Competitiveness and the Excellency in their Generating Units. It stands out that the fuel reloads are carried out in systemic form in less than 30 days, and also other achievements like it is the certificate granted by PROFEPA of Clean Industry, the renovation of the Certifications of the ISO-9001 and the ISO-14001, as well as the accredit of the Laboratories, and they will give data of the project of the increment of power that their power rose in 15%. For those results in the Strategic Planning 2007-2011 are pointed out that the Laguna Verde Central is a highly viable option in Mexico, when continuing with reloads that will allow a capacity factor up of 90%, and the other concepts that will give the obtaining of the qualification level 1 of WANO in this strategic period. Finally I will conclude with the good news for the Nuclear Industry in Mexico that published the Reforma newspaper at November 01, 2006: 'To the president of Mexico, Felipe Calderon, interests him to impel during his command the alternating energy sources to the hydrocarbons, known it is that the hydrocarbons (petroleum, coal or natural gas) they are finite, while the appetite of the world for the energy is infinite. As you they know, Mexico possesses a nuclear plant that generates energy starting from enriched uranium: the famous Laguna Verde Thermonuclear Central. He declared that Mexico can and it should advance for the one on the way to the energy generation for the nuclear road.' (Author)0.

  3. Strategic planning 2007-2011, an opportunity for quality, competitiveness and excellence of the Laguna Verde Central

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rivera C, A.

    2007-01-01

    The reason is to give to know to the nuclear community in Mexico the good results that it located in the 2006 to the Laguna Verde Nucleo electric Central in the classification of the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) like one of the best in the worldwide scale, and their Strategic Plan 2007-2011 like an opportunity to continue improving the Quality, the Competitiveness and the Excellency in their Generating Units. It stands out that the fuel reloads are carried out in systemic form in less than 30 days, and also other achievements like it is the certificate granted by PROFEPA of Clean Industry, the renovation of the Certifications of the ISO-9001 and the ISO-14001, as well as the accredit of the Laboratories, and they will give data of the project of the increment of power that their power rose in 15%. For those results in the Strategic Planning 2007-2011 are pointed out that the Laguna Verde Central is a highly viable option in Mexico, when continuing with reloads that will allow a capacity factor up of 90%, and the other concepts that will give the obtaining of the qualification level 1 of WANO in this strategic period. Finally I will conclude with the good news for the Nuclear Industry in Mexico that published the Reforma newspaper at November 01, 2006: 'To the president of Mexico, Felipe Calderon, interests him to impel during his command the alternating energy sources to the hydrocarbons, known it is that the hydrocarbons (petroleum, coal or natural gas) they are finite, while the appetite of the world for the energy is infinite. As you they know, Mexico possesses a nuclear plant that generates energy starting from enriched uranium: the famous Laguna Verde Thermonuclear Central. He declared that Mexico can and it should advance for the one on the way to the energy generation for the nuclear road.' (Author)

  4. Application of six sigma to reloads design of the Laguna Verde Central with length until 17 days; Aplicacion de seis sigma para disenar recargas de la Central Laguna Verde con duracion hasta de 17 dias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Espinosa G, J.M. [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Laguna Verde, Subgerencia General de Operacion, Planeacion, Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: mespinos@cfe.gob.mx

    2007-07-01

    The more important value in the Laguna Verde Central it is the safety. The international experience it confirms us that the more safe plants its are those more productive, this conclusion and reasoning indicate to the power station that we are in the correct road, improving the acting we will obtain that greater interest for us in the Laguna Verde Central (to increase the safety) and as added value to be able to be one of the best business for the Federal Commission of Electricity. With a future vision and commitment of high acting was integrated in an external place to all the area headquarters: (Maintenance, Planning, Operation, Parts of Reserve, Finances, Contracts, Supplies, Warehouse, design Engineering, place Engineering, engineering of systems, radiological Protection, etc.) to carry out a combined work with the unique challenge of drifting with the biggest level detail the program of a recharge and certainly to get ready to achieve their execution (all this without omitting any consideration for smaller or simpler than it seemed), looking for high quality in the works, with and bigger level of safety, with the minimum possible dose, the more reasonable cost and considering a new concept of human character, to achieve the above-mentioned without the participant personnel's stress, with the premise that a good plan and commitment of all the only one that it can bring us as result it is the success of the whole organization. (Author)

  5. Multivariate analysis in the frequency mastery applied to the Laguna Verde Central

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castillo D, R.; Ortiz V, J.; Calleros M, G.

    2006-01-01

    The noise analysis is an auxiliary tool in the detection of abnormal operation conditions of equipment, instruments or systems that affect to the dynamic behavior of the reactor. The spectral density of normalized power has usually been used (NPSD, by its initials in English), to watch over the behavior of some components of the reactor, for example, the jet pumps, the recirculation pumps, valves of flow control in the recirculation knots, etc. The behavior change is determined by individual analysis of the NPSD of the signals of the components in study. An alternative analysis that can allow to obtain major information on the component under surveillance is the multivariate autoregressive analysis (MAR, by its initials in English), which allows to know the relationship that exists among diverse signals of the reactor systems, in the time domain. In the space of the frequency, the relative contribution of power (RPC for their initials in English) it quantifies the influence of the variables of the systems on a variable of interest. The RPC allows, therefore that for a peak shown in the NPSD of a variable, it can be determine the influence from other variables to that frequency of interest. This facilitates, in principle, the pursuit of the important physical parameters during an event, and to study their interrelation. In this work, by way of example of the application of the RPC, two events happened in the Laguna Verde Central are analyzed: the rods blockade alarms by high scale in the monitors of average power, in which it was presents a power peak of 12% of width peak to peak, and the power oscillations event. The main obtained result of the analysis of the control rods blockade alarm event was that it was detected that the power peak observed in the signals of the average power monitors was caused by the movement of the valve of flow control of recirculation of the knot B. In the other oscillation event the results its show the mechanism of the oscillation of

  6. Application of six sigma to reloads design of the Laguna Verde Central with length until 17 days

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Espinosa G, J.M.

    2007-01-01

    The more important value in the Laguna Verde Central it is the safety. The international experience it confirms us that the more safe plants its are those more productive, this conclusion and reasoning indicate to the power station that we are in the correct road, improving the acting we will obtain that greater interest for us in the Laguna Verde Central (to increase the safety) and as added value to be able to be one of the best business for the Federal Commission of Electricity. With a future vision and commitment of high acting was integrated in an external place to all the area headquarters: (Maintenance, Planning, Operation, Parts of Reserve, Finances, Contracts, Supplies, Warehouse, design Engineering, place Engineering, engineering of systems, radiological Protection, etc.) to carry out a combined work with the unique challenge of drifting with the biggest level detail the program of a recharge and certainly to get ready to achieve their execution (all this without omitting any consideration for smaller or simpler than it seemed), looking for high quality in the works, with and bigger level of safety, with the minimum possible dose, the more reasonable cost and considering a new concept of human character, to achieve the above-mentioned without the participant personnel's stress, with the premise that a good plan and commitment of all the only one that it can bring us as result it is the success of the whole organization. (Author)

  7. Planning of activities in the Laguna Verde Central planning at 12 weeks; Planeacion de Actividades en la Central Laguna Verde planeacion a doce semanas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chimalpopoca, C. [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Laguna Verde, Subgerencia General de Operacion y Planeacion, Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: carlos.chimalpopoca@cfe.gob.mx

    2007-07-01

    The universe of works that are carried out in a nuclear facility to maintain effective the structures, systems and components require of a continuous analysis, in the order of the maintenance frequencies that can be of the preventive, predictive or corrective type. Each component is associated to reserve parts, readiness of systems, in fulfillment to the operation technical specifications, to the environment of the one work; each component requires of a planning level, where it is distinguished with clarity when they are executed, in the operation stage, stop or recharge. This work has as end to show like the activities are planned during the operation, using planning methods to twelve weeks, where the reach of the task is conceptualized, operative requirements, of reserve parts, of the work environment analysis, of those radiological conditions, of the authorizations for their execution, the same execution and the evaluation post work like a technique to maintain in continuous improvement the tasks of the maintenance of the Units of the Power station. A motor valve to be worked in its internals requires access to the work point, it requires bill of the system, electric disconnection, maneuvers to disassemble actuators and retirement of thermal isolation if it applies, reserve parts of the caps joints, control mechanisms, personal, tools, radiological control. The success of the continuous operation of a power station is in the planning quality, the attention of each one of the details to assure that the components, structures and components stay effective to make their function when they are demanded. The planning task requires of experience and knowledge of each some of the components, the task of planning of activities and its execution is multidisciplinary This work has that purpose, to show the planning tools in the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power station, under the concept of twelve weeks. (Author)

  8. Modernization of the turbo in the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant; Modernizacion del turbogrupo en la Central Nuclear de Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liebana, B.; Merino, A.; Cobos, A.; Gonzalez, J. J.

    2010-07-01

    The power increase of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant is a project for the rehabilitation and modernization of the turbo and associated equipment to get an increase of its power and of its service life. The project scope includes the design, the engineering, the equipment supply, the installation, the testing and the commissioning. This paper describes the first phase of the project.

  9. Participation of the ININ in the activities of radioactive waste management of the Laguna Verde Central; Participacion del ININ en las actividades de gestion de desechos radiactivos de la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Medrano L, M.; Rodriguez C, C.; Linares R, D. [ININ, Gerencia Subsede Sureste (Mexico); Ramirez G, R.; Zarate M, N. [Central Laguna Verde, CFE (Mexico)]. e-mail: maam@nuclear.inin.mx

    2006-07-01

    From the beginning of the operation of the Laguna Verde Central (CLV) the National Institute of Nuclear Research (ININ) has come supporting the CLV in the activities of administration of the humid and dry radioactive waste generated by the operation of the two units of the CLV, from the elaboration of procedures to the temporary storage in site, the implementation of a program of minimization and segregation of dry solid wastes, until the classification of the lots of humid waste and bulk dry wastes. In this work the description of the management activities of radioactive wastes carried out by the ININ in the facilities of the CLV to the date is presented, as well as some actions that they are had drifted in the future near, among those that it stands out the determination of the total alpha activity in humid samples by means of scintillation analysis. (Author)

  10. Proposal for implementation of alternative source term in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde; Propuesta de implementacion del termino fuente alternativo en la central nuclear Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bazan L, A.; Lopez L, M.; Vargas A, A.; Cardenas J, J. B. [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Km. 7.5 Carretera Veracruz-Medellin, Dos Bocas, Veracruz (Mexico)], e-mail: ariadna.bazan@cfe.gob.mx

    2009-10-15

    In 2010 the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde will implement the extended power upbeat in both units of the plant. Agree with methodology of NEDC-33004P-A, (constant pressure power up rate), and the source term of core, for accidents evaluations, were increased in proportion to the ratio of power level. This means that for the case of a design basis accident of loss of coolant an increase of power of 15% originated an increase of 15% in dose to main control room. Using the method of NEDC-33004P-A to extended power upbeat conditions was determined that the dose value to main control room is very near to regulatory limit established by SRP 6.4. By the above and in order to recover the margin, the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde will calculate an alternative source term following the criteria established in RG 1.183 (alternative radiological source term for evaluating DBA at nuclear power reactor). This approach also have a more realistic dose value using the criterion of 10-CFR-50.67, in addition is predicted to get the benefit of additional operational flexibilities. This paper present the proposal of implementing the alternative source term in Laguna Verde. (Author)

  11. Early alert system for oscillations detection applied to the Central of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calleros M, G.; Zapata Y, M.; Avila N, A.; Herrera H, S. F.

    2011-11-01

    The code Early Alert System developed by Engineering of the Reactor of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde is presented, showing its reliability like preventive and corrective instrument to external interferences to the reactor core, due to equipment malfunction associated to the typical systems of a nuclear power plant, as those that control the reactor pressure, those that feed water to the reactor, those that control the valves of the main turbine. With this purpose, real cases of application of the System are shown where the results are compared with the independent evaluations carried out by the supplier, observing compatibility in both results. The benefits of the logarithm are discussed in the nuclear industry as soon as in non nuclear ambits. (Author)

  12. Modernization of electric power systems of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant; Modernizacion de los sistemas electricos de potencia de la Central Nuclear de Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gabaldon, M. A.; Gonzalez, J. J.; Prieto, I.

    2011-07-01

    The Power Increase Project of Laguna Verde Nuclear Plant has entailed the replacement, in one unique outage, of the main power electrical systems of the Plant (Isolated Phase Bars, Generator Circuit Breaker and Main Transformer) as well as the replacement of the Turbo-group. The simultaneous substitution of these entire system has never been done by any other Plant in the world, representing an engineering challenge that embraced the design of the new equipment up to the planning, coordination and management of the construction and commissioning works, which were successfully carried out by Iberdrola within the established outage period /47 days) for both units. (Author)

  13. NucleoRed - Computerized system for increasing the effectiveness of the technical administrative conduct of the Laguna Verde Central; NucleoRed - Sistema computarizado para incrementar la efectividad de la gestion tecnico-administrativa de la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luna D, J. [Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Carretera cardel-Nautla Km. 42.5 Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: jluna@cfe.gob.mx

    2003-07-01

    The on-line systems for the management of the Laguna Verde Central (CLV) have had the challenge to evolve from the PC's of first generation until emigrate to the new Internet technologies, so that they allow to the diverse work groups to have the computer tool that allows them to gather the necessary data and to carry out efficiently the analysis of their results. To confront the previous challenge, in the CLV it has been developed and implemented the Nucleo Red that is an on-line system with the objective of providing in it lines strategic information for the Technician-administrative management of the plant in the nuclear context. The Nucleo Red is the computational tool that reflects the technical administrative processes implemented by personnel of the different Operative departments, it seeks to cooperate to the reliable and efficient operation of the first nucleo electric central of Mexico, with technology and Mexican personnel the one which already it had received international recognitions. The perspective of this computer system is to continue inside the process of continuous improvement and that although it was designed for a nucleo electric plant it can also be taken to the conventional plants of generation of electric power, so that this technology can be taken advantage of in other non nuclear facilities. The objective of the present work, is to show the new modules that have been developed in the Nucleo Red, its operation in general, and the benefits that it presents its use. (Author)

  14. The Laguna Verde Central by it results in maintenance and operation consolidates it position of world class enterprise; La central Laguna Verde por sus resultados en mantenimiento y operacion consolida su posicion de empresa de clase mundial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera C, A. [CFE, Central Laguna Verde, Km. 42.5 Carretera Cardel- Nautla, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2008-07-01

    This work has the objective of showing the results of the Laguna VerdeCentral in the maintenance and the operation that in the short term the generation of electricity in Mexico by nuclear means is a viable option, in virtue of their positioning like Company of World Class, when winning March 25, 2008 the National Prize of Quality with the more high qualification in the history of this prize, same that allows us to be very optimistic in increasing the possibility to that the Nuclear Industry in Mexico grows. The focus of the comparative graphs, with official data of the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), it is so that it is observed that the Laguna Verde Central is above those the other types of generation like they are the Coal power stations, Thermoelectric, Hydroelectric, likewise they can see that we are for up of the Independent Producers of Energy. The information of the electric power generation is presented by reactors nuclear at world level that is growing, in having 31 Generating Units in the construction process that favors the decisions making in the Government federal, likewise contributed data of the increment projected for 2016 in the country of 380,102 GWh that equivalent to 63% of growth, where it exists without place to doubts a good opportunity for the nucleoelectricity. The Investment Works Program of Public Sector (POISE), it shows the information that 6,178 Mwe will be installed settled of a Non-defined Technology in Mexico, information that specifies the opportunity to be a viable option, because the one Plant Factor, the Production of Electric power, and the Variable Cost of Production, the energy generation by nuclear means is the more competitiveness. Finally this work stood out the effort that communitary works are developed to benefit to the society and the environment to be one Viable option not only for their high performance, or competitive for those more low costs, but also to improve the public opinion with the sustainable

  15. Quantitative Evaluation of Nuclear Power Station Siting from the Point of View of Safety; Evaluacion Cuantitativa del Emplazamiento de Centrales Nucleoelectricas desde el Punto de Vista de la Seguridad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serment Cabrero, V. [Comision Nacional de Energia Nuclear y Universidad Nacional Autonomia de Mexico (Mexico); Velez, C. [Instituto Politecnico Nacional y Comision Federal de Electricidad (Mexico)

    1967-09-15

    Apart from the minimum operational and safety requirements for the siting of nuclear power stations, the paper proposes introducing the total mean dose to the general population as an additional criterion. Although the calculation of this dose presupposes a detailed knowledge of the main pathways by which the population may be irradiated in case of an accident, the present state of power reactor technology makes it possible to tackle the problem already. An estimate of the total mean dose per unit time involves the safety aspects of the reactor, the features of the site considered, and the way in which these features affect safety. The authors derive the general formula expressing the total mean dose as a function of all the parameters concerned. It is pointed out that in the case of accidents in which the release of fission products is independent of the mechanisms of irradiation, this formula is considerably simplified and makes it possible to establish a classification of the relative suitability, from the safety point of view, of the sites proposed, without touching upon the difficult problem of the definition of accidents and their probabilities of occurrence. A further simplification accrues when there exist predominant mechanisms governing the accidental irradiation of the population. The approach adopted is particularly well suited to calculations with digital computers, and helps to identify the areas in which information is lacking and to direct research intended to remove these deficiencies. (author) [Spanish] Ademas de los requisitos mfnimos opecacionales y de seguridad para el emplazamiento de centrales nucleoelectricas, se sugiere utilizar como criterio adicional la dosis total promedio a la poblacion. Aunque el calculo de esa dosis implica el conocimiento detallado de los caminos principales por los cuales la poblacion puede ser irradiada en el caso de un accidente, el estado actual de la tecnologia de los reactores nucleares de potencia permite ya

  16. NucleoRed - Computerized system for increasing the effectiveness of the technical administrative conduct of the Laguna Verde Central

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luna D, J.

    2003-01-01

    The on-line systems for the management of the Laguna Verde Central (CLV) have had the challenge to evolve from the PC's of first generation until emigrate to the new Internet technologies, so that they allow to the diverse work groups to have the computer tool that allows them to gather the necessary data and to carry out efficiently the analysis of their results. To confront the previous challenge, in the CLV it has been developed and implemented the Nucleo Red that is an on-line system with the objective of providing in it lines strategic information for the Technician-administrative management of the plant in the nuclear context. The Nucleo Red is the computational tool that reflects the technical administrative processes implemented by personnel of the different Operative departments, it seeks to cooperate to the reliable and efficient operation of the first nucleo electric central of Mexico, with technology and Mexican personnel the one which already it had received international recognitions. The perspective of this computer system is to continue inside the process of continuous improvement and that although it was designed for a nucleo electric plant it can also be taken to the conventional plants of generation of electric power, so that this technology can be taken advantage of in other non nuclear facilities. The objective of the present work, is to show the new modules that have been developed in the Nucleo Red, its operation in general, and the benefits that it presents its use. (Author)

  17. The Laguna Verde Central by it results in maintenance and operation consolidates it position of world class enterprise

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rivera C, A.

    2008-01-01

    This work has the objective of showing the results of the Laguna VerdeCentral in the maintenance and the operation that in the short term the generation of electricity in Mexico by nuclear means is a viable option, in virtue of their positioning like Company of World Class, when winning March 25, 2008 the National Prize of Quality with the more high qualification in the history of this prize, same that allows us to be very optimistic in increasing the possibility to that the Nuclear Industry in Mexico grows. The focus of the comparative graphs, with official data of the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), it is so that it is observed that the Laguna Verde Central is above those the other types of generation like they are the Coal power stations, Thermoelectric, Hydroelectric, likewise they can see that we are for up of the Independent Producers of Energy. The information of the electric power generation is presented by reactors nuclear at world level that is growing, in having 31 Generating Units in the construction process that favors the decisions making in the Government federal, likewise contributed data of the increment projected for 2016 in the country of 380,102 GWh that equivalent to 63% of growth, where it exists without place to doubts a good opportunity for the nucleoelectricity. The Investment Works Program of Public Sector (POISE), it shows the information that 6,178 Mwe will be installed settled of a Non-defined Technology in Mexico, information that specifies the opportunity to be a viable option, because the one Plant Factor, the Production of Electric power, and the Variable Cost of Production, the energy generation by nuclear means is the more competitiveness. Finally this work stood out the effort that communitary works are developed to benefit to the society and the environment to be one Viable option not only for their high performance, or competitive for those more low costs, but also to improve the public opinion with the sustainable

  18. Planning of activities in the Laguna Verde Central planning at 12 weeks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chimalpopoca, C.

    2007-01-01

    The universe of works that are carried out in a nuclear facility to maintain effective the structures, systems and components require of a continuous analysis, in the order of the maintenance frequencies that can be of the preventive, predictive or corrective type. Each component is associated to reserve parts, readiness of systems, in fulfillment to the operation technical specifications, to the environment of the one work; each component requires of a planning level, where it is distinguished with clarity when they are executed, in the operation stage, stop or recharge. This work has as end to show like the activities are planned during the operation, using planning methods to twelve weeks, where the reach of the task is conceptualized, operative requirements, of reserve parts, of the work environment analysis, of those radiological conditions, of the authorizations for their execution, the same execution and the evaluation post work like a technique to maintain in continuous improvement the tasks of the maintenance of the Units of the Power station. A motor valve to be worked in its internals requires access to the work point, it requires bill of the system, electric disconnection, maneuvers to disassemble actuators and retirement of thermal isolation if it applies, reserve parts of the caps joints, control mechanisms, personal, tools, radiological control. The success of the continuous operation of a power station is in the planning quality, the attention of each one of the details to assure that the components, structures and components stay effective to make their function when they are demanded. The planning task requires of experience and knowledge of each some of the components, the task of planning of activities and its execution is multidisciplinary This work has that purpose, to show the planning tools in the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power station, under the concept of twelve weeks. (Author)

  19. Report on the Fourth Reactor Refueling. Laguna Verde Nuclear Central. Unit 1. April-May 1995; Informe de la Cuarta Recarga de Combustible. Central Laguna Verde. Unidad 1. Abril-Mayo 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendoza L, A; Flores C, E; Lopez G, C P.F.

    1996-12-31

    The fourth refueling of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde Nuclear Central was executed in the period of April 17 to May 31 of 1995 with the participation of a task group of 358 persons, included technicians and radiation protection officials and auxiliaries.The radiation monitoring and radiological surveillance to the workers was present length ways the refueling process and always attached to the ALARA criteria. The check points for radiation levels were set at: primary container or dry well, reloading floor, decontamination room (level 10.5), turbine building and radioactive waste building. To take advantage of the refueling process, rooms 203 and 213 of the turbine buildings were subject to inspection and maintenance work in valves, heaters and drains of heaters. Management aspects as personnel selection and training, costs, and countable are also presented in this report. Owing to the high cost of man-hour of the members of the ININ staff, its participation in the refueling process was in smaller number than years before. (Author).

  20. 15 years of production of electric energy of the Laguna Verde power plant, its plans and future; 15 anos de produccion de energia electrica de la Central Laguna Verde, sus planes y futuro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera C, A [CFE, Central Laguna Verde, Km. 42.5 Carretera Cardel-Nautla, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    In the year 2005 Laguna Verde power plant reaches 15 years of producing electric power in Mexico arriving to but of 100 million Megawatts-hour from their beginning of commercial activities. The Unit 1 that entered at July 29, 1990 and the Unit 2 at April 10, 1995, obtaining the Disposability Factors from their origin is: 84.63% in Unit 1 and 83.67% in Unit 2. The march of the X XI century gives big challenges of competition to the Laguna Verde Central, with the possible opening of the electric market to private investment, for their Goals and Objectives of a world class company, taking the evaluation system and qualification of the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) that promotes the Excellence in the operation of the nuclear power stations in all their partners. This Association supports the development of programs that allow the monitoring of the behavior in Safety Culture, Human fulfilment, Equipment reliability, Industrial Safety, Planning, Programming and Control, Personalized Systematic Training, and the use of the Operational experience in the daily tasks. The present work tries to explain the system of evaluation/qualification of WANO, the definition of Goals and Objectives to reach the excellence and of the programs, it will present the Program of the Reliability of Equipment with its main actions the productivity. (Author)

  1. Reproduction of the flow-power map of the Laguna Verde power plant; Reproduccion del mapa flujo-potencia de la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amador G, R; Gonzalez M, V M [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, 03000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    1993-07-01

    The National Commission of Nuclear Safety and Safeguards (CNSNS) requires to have calculation tools which allows it to make analysis independent of the behavior of the reactor core of Laguna Verde nuclear power plant (CNLV) with the purpose to support the evaluation and discharge activities of the fuel recharges licensing. The software package Fms (Fuel Management System) allows to carry out an analysis of the core of the BWR type reactors along the operation cycle to detect possible anomalies and/or helping in the fuel management. In this work it is reproduced the flow-power for the CNLV using the Presto code of the Fms software package. The comparison of results with the map used by the operators of CNLV shows good agreement between them. Another exercise carried out was the changes study that the axial and radial power outlines undergo as well as the thermohydraulic parameters (LHGR, APLHGR, CPR) when moving a control rod. The obtained results show that is had the experience to effect analysis of the reactor behavior using the Presto-Fms code therefore the study of the rest of the software package for the obtention of nuclear parameters used in this code is recommended. (Author)

  2. Composición por especies y tallas de los peces en la laguna Barra de Navidad, Pacífico central mexicano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaspar González-Sansón

    2014-03-01

    cuatro especies parecen utilizar la laguna principalmente como adultos. El presente trabajo es la primera contribución sobre la composición de la ictiofauna estuarina en el Estado de Jalisco y es también la referencia más completa hasta el momento sobre la composición por tallas del conjunto de especies dominantes en una laguna costera del Pacífico central mexicano.

  3. Actinides inventory of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde Unit 1; Inventario de actinidos de la Central Nuclear Laguna Verde Unidad 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez C, E.; Ramirez S, J. R. [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Alonso V, G., E-mail: eduardo.martinez@inin.gob.mx [IPN, Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, Av. Instituto Politecnico Nacional s/n, U. P. Adolfo Lopez Mateos, Col. San Pedro Zacatenco, 07738 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2013-10-15

    At the present time 435 nuclear power reactors exist for the electricity generation operating in the world and 63 in construction. Mexico has two reactors type BWR in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde. The nuclear fuel that is used in the nuclear reactors is retired of the reactor core when the energy that this contained has been extracted. This used fuel is known as spent nuclear fuel, the problem with this fuel is that was irradiated inside the reactor and continuous emitting a high radiation, as well as a significant heat quantity when being extracted, for what is necessary to maintain it in cooling and with some shielding to be protected of the radiation that emits. This objective is achieved confining the fuel in the spent nuclear fuel pool, where it is cooled and the same pool provides the necessary shielding to maintain the surroundings in safety radiation levels for the personnel that work in the power plant. An inconvenience of the pools is its limited storage capacity and that after certain time is necessary to remove the fuel, according to the established regulation to continue operating. To correct this inconvenience, two alternatives of spent fuel disposition exist, 1) the final disposition in deep geologic repositories and 2) the reprocessing and recycled of spent fuel. Each alternative presents its particularities and specific problems; however taking many years to be able to implement anyone of them. To carry out the second option, is indispensable to estimate the total mass of actinides generated in the spent nuclear fuel, that which represents to develop a methodology for it, this action is the main purpose of the present work. Inside our calculation method was necessary to appeal to diverse computation tools as the codes Origin-S and Keno V.a. Later on the obtained were compared with a problem type Benchmark, being obtained a smaller absolute error to 1.0%. (Author)

  4. Four stops of fuel reloading with duration of less of 30 days in the Laguna Verde Central; Cuatro paradas de recarga de combustible con duracion de menos de 30 dias en la central laguna verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lozano L, A. [CFE, Central Laguna Verde, Planeacion, Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: agustin.lozano@cfe.gob.mx

    2008-07-01

    The Laguna Verde Central having established as mission 'With maximum priority in the safety, to generate electricity by nuclear means with competitive quality and cost, sustained in our personnel's continuous overcoming and deep respect to the environment' and respecting our values (safety, responsibility by results, professional integrity, continuous improvement, team work, excellence in the performance, quality of service, protection to the environment its thought about our strategic objectives of the power station being born by this way one of them that it is the improvement program 'reduction of reloading times' looking for to be improves every day comparing us with the best plants of the world effectiveness all the processes in the power station that allowed us to measure our performance with the same parameters that settle down at international level as its are nuclear safety, industrial safety, radiological safety, capacity factor, readiness factor, cleaning of the power station attachment to procedures, attention to the detail and certainly to be competitive in the economic aspect. After analyzing the performance record of the power station, evaluating our technical, economic capacity, the location of the installation besides revising the international experiences was defined that one of the concepts that impact considerably so much to the capacity factors and readiness besides the dose and production cost is the duration of the reloading periods, for this reason work strategies were elaborated to be able to reach our goals of reloading days in less than 30 days, here are formed the carried out actions that they made us complete the four last reloading in less than 30 days. (Author)

  5. Three stops of fuel reloading with length of less 30 days in the Laguna Verde Central; Tres paradas de recarga de combustible con duracion de menos de 30 dias en la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lozano L, A. [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Laguna Verde, Subgerencia General de Operacion Planeacion, Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: agustin.lozano@cfe.gob.mx

    2007-07-01

    The Laguna Verde Central having established as mission 'With maximum priority in the safety, to generate electricity by nuclear means with quality and cost competitive, sustained in our personnel's continuous overcoming and deep respect to the environment' and respecting our values (safety, responsibility by results, professional integrity, continuous improving, team working, excellence in the acting, quality of service, protection to the environment) they thought about our strategic objectives of the power station being born this way one of them that it is the program of improvement 'Reduction of reload times' looking for to be improves every day comparing us with the best plants in the world efficient all the processes in the power station that allowed us to measure our acting with the same parameters that settle down at international level like they are nuclear safety, industrial safety, radiological safety, capacity factor, readiness factor, cleaning of the power station attachment to procedures, attention to the detail and certainly to be competitive in the economic aspect. After analyzing the acting record of the power station, evaluating our technical capacity, economic, the location of the installation besides revising the international experiences it was defined that one of the concepts that impact considerably so much to the capacity and readiness factors besides the dose and production cost is the duration of the reload periods, for this reason they were elaborated work strategies to be able to reach our goal of reload days considered in being able to carry out them in less than 30 days, here the actions carried out that they made us complete the three last reloads in less than 30 days are captured. (Author)

  6. Applications of the monitor of loose parts in the cycle 6 of the Laguna Verde Unit 2 power plant; Aplicaciones del monitor de partes sueltas en el ciclo 6 de la Unidad 2 de la central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calleros, G.; Mendez, A.; Gomez, R.A. [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Veracruz (Mexico); Castillo, R.; Bravo, J.M. [ININ, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)]. E-mail: gcm9acpp@cfe.gob.mx

    2004-07-01

    The monitor of loose parts (Loose Parts Monitoring System) installed in the Unit 2 of the Laguna Verde Central is a tool to detect strange objects or parts loose in the system of refrigeration of the reactor that could be impacted in the walls of the recirculation knots or in the internal of the reactor. In this work two applications are shown carried out with the Monitor of Loose Parts, determining the characteristics of the stable nominal conditions, those which when changing, they are used to diagnose during the Cycle 6 of the Unit 2, failures in the components of the the recirculation circuits or to identify mechanical vibrations of the recirculation knots induced by a flow of recirculation bistable associated to operative conditions of the reactor. (Author)

  7. New recommendations of the ICRP and the ALARA program of the Nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde; Nuevas recomendaciones del ICRP y el programa ALARA de la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Padilla C, I [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Laguna Verde (Mexico)

    1991-07-01

    In view of the events happened in it finishes it decade, in the nuclear environment, it is necessary that any he/she practices that it involves exhibition to the radiation, real or potential, be detailed and systematically analyzed by the light of the current knowledge, capitalizing the generated experience. They think about three fundamental aspects in the campaign of radiological cultivation: 1. New methods of evaluation of equivalent dose. 2. Limit of individual dose, base of the change and control implications, and 3. Analysis philosophies and the application of the system of dose limitation. The program ALARA of the Laguna Verde Central from its installation in 1987 observes and it implements actions trending to optimize it practice of situation of potential and planned exhibition with the purpose of fulfilling the commitment settled down in the declaration of political of this program.

  8. Numerical modeling perspectives on zircon crystallization and magma reservoir growth at the Laguna del Maule volcanic field, central Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, N. L.; Dufek, J.; Singer, B. S.

    2017-12-01

    Magma reservoirs in the middle to upper crust are though to accumulate incrementally over 104 -105 years. Coupled crystallization ages and compositions of zircon are a potentially powerful tracer of reservoir growth and magma evolution. However, complex age distributions and disequilibrium trace element partitioning complicate the interpretation of the zircon record in terms of magmatic processes. In order to make quantitative predictions of the effects of magmatic processes that contribute reservoir growth and evolution—such as cooling and crystallization, magma recharge and mixing, and rejuvenation and remelting of cumulate-rich reservoir margins—we develop a model of zircon saturation and growth within a numerical framework of coupled thermal transfer, phase equilibrium, and magma dynamics. We apply this model to the Laguna del Maule volcanic field (LdM), located in central Chile. LdM has erupted at least 40 km3 of rhyolite from 36 vents distributed within a 250 km2 lake basin. Ongoing unrest demonstrates the large, silicic magma system beneath LdM remains active to this day. Zircon from rhyolite erupted between c. 23 and 1.8 ka produce a continuous distribution of 230Th-238U ages ranging from eruption to 40 ka, as well as less common crystal domains up to 165 ka and rare xenocrysts. Zircon trace element compositions fingerprint compositionally distinct reservoirs that grew within the larger magma system. Despite the dominantly continuous distributions of ages, many crystals are characterized by volumetrically substantial, trace element enriched domains consistent with rapid crystal growth. We utilize numerical simulations to assess the magmatic conditions required to catalyze these "blooms" of crystallization and the magma dynamics that contributed to the assembly of the LdM magma system.

  9. Four stops of fuel reloading with duration of less of 30 days in the Laguna Verde Central

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lozano L, A.

    2008-01-01

    The Laguna Verde Central having established as mission 'With maximum priority in the safety, to generate electricity by nuclear means with competitive quality and cost, sustained in our personnel's continuous overcoming and deep respect to the environment' and respecting our values (safety, responsibility by results, professional integrity, continuous improvement, team work, excellence in the performance, quality of service, protection to the environment its thought about our strategic objectives of the power station being born by this way one of them that it is the improvement program 'reduction of reloading times' looking for to be improves every day comparing us with the best plants of the world effectiveness all the processes in the power station that allowed us to measure our performance with the same parameters that settle down at international level as its are nuclear safety, industrial safety, radiological safety, capacity factor, readiness factor, cleaning of the power station attachment to procedures, attention to the detail and certainly to be competitive in the economic aspect. After analyzing the performance record of the power station, evaluating our technical, economic capacity, the location of the installation besides revising the international experiences was defined that one of the concepts that impact considerably so much to the capacity factors and readiness besides the dose and production cost is the duration of the reloading periods, for this reason work strategies were elaborated to be able to reach our goals of reloading days in less than 30 days, here are formed the carried out actions that they made us complete the four last reloading in less than 30 days. (Author)

  10. Commissioning Experience from the Agesta Nuclear Power Plant; Experience acquise lors des essais de mise en service de la centrale nucleaire d'Agesta; Opyt po vvedeniyu v ehkspluatatsiyu yadernoj ehnergeticheskoj ustanovki Agesta; Experiencia adquirida con la puesta en marcha de la central nucleoelectrica de Agesta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rydell, N. [Aagesta Kraftvarmewerk, Farsta (Sweden)

    1963-10-15

    The Agesta Nuclear Power Plant is a pressurized heavy water reactor of the pressure vessel type, fuelled with natural uranium. It was commissioned with light water from December 1962 to May 1963. Observations of a more general interest were made during this commissioning essentially on the following topics; (a) cleanliness of primary circuit (b) valve operation (c) pressurization of the primary circuit (d) water leakage (e) refuelling machinery (f) containment testing. (author) [French] Il s'agit d'un reacteur a uranium naturel et a eau lourde pressurisee, du type a caisson sous pression. Les essais de mise en service ont ete faits avec de l'eau ordinaire, de decembre 1962 a mai 1963. La mise en service a permis de faire des observations d'interet general sur les sujets suivants: a) non-contamination du circuit primaire; b) fonctionnement des vannes; c) maintien sous pression du circuit primaire; d) fuites d'eau; e) appareils de chargement du combustible; f) essais d'isolement. (author) [Spanish] La central nucleoelectrica de Agesta posee un reactor de agua pesada del tipo de recipiente de presion, con combustible de uranio natural. Se mantuvo en funcionamiento con agua ligera entre diciembre de 1962 y mayo de 1963. Durante esta prueba, se efectuaron observaciones de interes mas general, relacionadas esencialmente con las siguientes cuestiones: a) limpieza del circuito primario; b) funcionamiento de las valvulas; c) presion del circuito primario; d) perdidas de agua; e) dosposiciones de reposicion del Combustible; f) ensayos de confinamiento. (author) [Russian] Yadernaya ehnergeticheskaya ustanovka Agesta predstavlyaet soboj tyazhelovodnyj reaktor pod davleniem, ispol'zuyushchij prirodnyj uran v kachestve topliva. Reaktor byl vveden v ehkspluatatsiyu na obychnoj vode v period s dekabrya 1962 goda po maj 1963 goda. Zamechaniya bolee obshchego kharaktera byli sdelany vo vremya ehkspluatatsii v osnovnom po sledukhshchim temam: a) chistota pervichnogo kontura; b

  11. Sr-Nd-Pb isotope compositions of felsic intrusions in the El Teniente and Laguna La Huifa areas, Central Chile

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rabbia, O.M.; Hernandez, L.B.; King, R.W.; Lopez Escobar, L

    2001-01-01

    The giant El Teniente porphyry Cu-Mo deposit is located in the Andes foothills of Central Chile (34 o S). In simplistic terms, the igneous rocks at the mine can be grouped in two major units: a felsic suite of silicic intrusives (the porphyries; SiO 2 ≥56wt%) with subvertical stock-like to dyke shapes, and a mafic volcanic to subvolcanic sequence (the Farellones formation; SiO 2 <≤56wt%) with a sub-horizontal nature. The felsic rocks intrude the volcanogenic Farellones formation, which is known at the mine site as 'Andesitas de la mina'. The major felsic intrusives are locally known as the 'Diorita Sewell' and 'Porfido Teniente' bodies, plus a series of minor plugs, apophyses and dikes. According to Cuadra (1986), the age of the main intrusive units spans from Late Miocene ('Diorita Sewell'; 7-8Ma) to Early Pliocene ('Porfido Teniente'; ∼4-5Ma). These felsic intrusives are closely related to copper mineralization ( ∼4-5Ma; Cuadra, 1986), particularly the younger 'Porfido Teniente' (Camus, 1975). Additionally, Skewes and Stern (1996) have suggested the existence of an even slightly younger porphyry pluton, not exposed at surface, but still linked to the ore genesis. Similar felsic intrusive bodies are also present in the Laguna La Huifa area (Reich, 2001), located less than 3 km to the NE from the main El Teniente body. The copper mineralization here, is interpreted to be almost contemporaneous with the El Teniente mineralization (Cuadra, 1986). Based on petrographic and geochemical information on the silicic intrusive suite, Rabbia et al. (2000) suggested that this magmatism could be considered as a Phanerozoic equivalent of an Archean high-Al TTG. Furthermore it may be classified as a modified (Na-rich) 'I' type granitoid, in the sense of Atherton and Petford (1993) and Petford and Atherton (1996). According to these authors, the younger (and hotter) lower Andean crust would be a better candidate than the older (and colder) subducted Nazca plate basalts

  12. Adequacy features of Nucleoelectrica Argentina Safety Management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rapoport, H [Nucleoelectrica Argentina S.A., Buenso Aires (Argentina)

    1997-12-01

    The Argentine Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) ATUCHA I (357 Mw, SIEMENS) and EMBALSE (648 Mw, CANDU), both of PHWR type, were owned and operated until August 94 by the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (CNEA). Until that date, CNEA, the national agency for nuclear R and D, concentrated three activities or roles: Research, Nuclear Regulations and NPP Operation. Since August 1994 NPP`s are owned and operated by a state electrical company (Nucleoelectrica Argentina S.A.) the nuclear utility supplying 15% of the national electrical generation demand. NASA is going to be privatized according to a recent national law regulating nuclear activities. The transition from a research agency to a commercial company requires the introduction of changes in the management of activities. Mention of these changes is limited to those relating to Safety.

  13. Adequacy features of Nucleoelectrica Argentina Safety Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rapoport, H.

    1997-01-01

    The Argentine Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) ATUCHA I (357 Mw, SIEMENS) and EMBALSE (648 Mw, CANDU), both of PHWR type, were owned and operated until August 94 by the Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (CNEA). Until that date, CNEA, the national agency for nuclear R and D, concentrated three activities or roles: Research, Nuclear Regulations and NPP Operation. Since August 1994 NPP's are owned and operated by a state electrical company (Nucleoelectrica Argentina S.A.) the nuclear utility supplying 15% of the national electrical generation demand. NASA is going to be privatized according to a recent national law regulating nuclear activities. The transition from a research agency to a commercial company requires the introduction of changes in the management of activities. Mention of these changes is limited to those relating to Safety

  14. Radiological analysis by the addition of hydrogen and noble metals in the reactors of the Laguna Verde central

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Padilla C, I.

    2006-01-01

    and of the radiological behavior when applying them, its allowed to settle down strategies in the Laguna Verde Central to control and to reduce the magnitude of the radiological increment in the primary steam lines in both units during the initial period of application. The radiological effects by the addition of hydrogen and of the noble metals, and its incorporation sequence to the reactor are the one reason of this work. (Author)

  15. Nuclear Power and Sustainable Development (Spanish Edition); Energia Nucleoelectrica y Desarrollo Sostenible

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-02-15

    crecientes de energia sin generar efectos colaterales negativos que amenacen el entorno vital de las generaciones futuras? La energia nucleoelectrica no es una panacea: es una opcion que se combina con otras para dar respuesta a los problemas energeticos. Las expectativas acerca de la expansion del uso de la energia nucleoelectrica estan creciendo. Ademas del aumento de la demanda, estas expectativas tambien obedecen a la preocupacion por la seguridad energetica, asi como a la baja emision de gases de efecto invernadero en la generacion de energia nucleoelectrica y al solido historial de las centrales nucleares. Cada pais debe hacer sus propias opciones energeticas: no hay una medida que valga para todos. Pero para los paises interesados en incorporar la energia nucleoelectrica en sus estrategias de desarrollo sostenible es importante mantener abierta y accesible esa opcion energetica.

  16. Post-Construction Testing of the Elk River, Hallam and Piqua Power Reactor Plants; Essais apres construction des centrales nucleaires d'Elk River, de Hallam et de Piqua; Predehkspluatatsionnoe ispytanie Ehlk-riverskoj, Khehlpemskoj i Pikuaskoj ehnergeticheskikh reaktornykh ustanovok; Ensayos posteriores a la construccion de las centrales nucleoelectricas de Elk River, Hallam y Piqua

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pursel, C. A. [United States Atomic Energy Commission, Argonne, IL (United States)

    1963-10-15

    : Reacteur de puissance d'Elk River. On a decouvert des craquelures dans certaines parties du revetement du caisson du reacteur. Il a fallu faire des recherches et des analyses poussees ainsi que des reparations et apporter des modifications a la cuve. La capacite de separation de la vapeur etait insuffisante; il a fallu remplacer et modifier certaines parties du circuit a l'interieur du caisson. Centrale nucleaire de Hallam. On a constate que de l'helium etait entzaihe dans le sodium, et il a fallu modifier le circuit secondaire du sodium. On a decouvert une defaillance d'un tube dans l'echangeur de chaleur intermediaire (sodium-sodium); il a fallu proceder a des analyses pour en rechercher la cause, et demonter l'echangeur pour le reparer. Centrale nucleaire de Piqua. En nettoyant les canalisations avec des produits chimiques, on a endommage plusieurs vannes et il a fallu soit les reparer soit les remplacer. Des fuites dans le circuit du fluide de refroidissement organique et dans le circuit de rechauffage par circulation de vapeur ont provoque des retards repetes. Une fois terminees les reparations et apportees les modifications necessaires, les performances de chacun des trois reacteurs concordaient etroitement avec les predictions des plans. (author) [Spanish] La experiencia adquirida directamente en los ensayos efectuados despues de terminada la construccion de las tres centrales nucleoelectricas del programa de demostracion de reactores de potencia de la Comision de Energia Atomica de los Estados Unidos permite deducir ciertos principios generales acerca de esta fase de la construccion y explotacion de las centrales. Las tres instalaciones, a saber, el reactor de Elk River (ERR), la central nucleoelectrica de Hallam (HNPF) y la central nucleoelectrica de Piqua (PNPF), representan tres conceptos diferentes en materia de reactores: el de agua hirviente con circulacion natural, el de sodio-grafito y el de moderador y refrigerante organicos, respectivamente. El periodo de

  17. The First Two Years of Operating Experience of the Kahl Nuclear Power Station; Experience acquise pendant les deux premieres annees de fonctionnement de la centrale nucleaire de Kahl; Opyt pervykh dvukh let ehkspluatatsii atomnoj ehlektrostantsii v Kale; Experiencia adquirida en los primeros cuatro anos de funcionamiento de la central nucleoelectrica de Kahl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruchner, H. J. [Aeg-Kernenergieanlagen, Frankfurt-am-Main (Germany); Weckesser, A. [Versuchs-Atomkraftwerk Kahl Gmbh, Kahl (Germany)

    1963-10-15

    , une boucle experimentale destinee a l'etude de la surchauffe nucleaire. (author) [Spanish] La central de Kahl constituye la primera central nucleoelectrica europea de propiedad privada, y funciona en carga desde junio de 1961. Esta equipada con un reactor de agua hi que trabaja en ciclo indirecto por circulacion natural. Su capacidad electrica neta asciende a 15 MW y hasta febrero de 1963 habia producido 140 millones de kWh. La memoria revisara la experiencia adquirida durante su funcionamiento, ante todo con el extenso programa de ensayos sobre el comportamiento transitorio y la exploracion gamma. Presentara datos acerca del resultado que han dado en funcionamiento ciertas partes de la central, tales como el dispositivo de accionamiento de las barras de control, el sistema de purificacion de los gases de escape y la turbina. Una vez terminado el programa de ensayos, la planta se exploto en carga basica durante algun tiempo a fin de reunir datos sobre el rendimiento del combustible en la ptactica. Una vez completada esta fase, se instalara en el reactor de Kahl un circuito experimental de sobrecalentamiento nuclear. (author) [Russian] Atomnaya ehlektrostantsiya v Kale, pervaya v Evrope chastnaya atomnaya ehlektrostantsiya, ehkspluatiruetsya pod nagruzkoj s iyunya 1961 goda. Na ehlektrostantsii ustanovlen reaktor s kipyashchej vodoj, kosvennym tsiklom i estestvennoj tsirkulyatsiej. Chistaya ehlektricheskaya moshchnost' reaktora sostavlyaet 15 mgvt. Do fevralya 1963 goda kolichestvo poluchennoj ehnergii sostavilo 140 mln. kvt.ch. Rassmotren opyt ehkspluatatsii, v chastnosti rasshirennaya programma ispytanij: naprimer,povedenie reaktora pri perekhodnom protsesse i kontrol' gamma-izlucheniya. Budut predstavleny rezul'taty izucheniya ehkspluatatsionnoj kharakteristiki nekotorykh komponentov ustanovki, naprimer sistemy privoda reguliruptsikh sterzhnej, sistemy udaleniya gaza i turbiny. Posle osushchestvleniya ehtoj programmy ispytanij ustanovka v techenie nekotorogo vremeni

  18. Perspectives of the central Laguna Verde after Fukushima for the period 2012 at the 2015 in operation and maintenance; Perspectivas de la central Laguna Verde despues de Fukushima para el periodo 2012 al 2015 en operacion y mantenimiento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera C, A., E-mail: arr99999@cfe.gob.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km 42.5, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2012-10-15

    The Nuclear Power Plants Management of the Federal Commission of Electricity in Mexico by means an internal analysis confronts the threat to the nuclear industry of the event of Fukushima that affected the public opinion, and the emission of new regulations. This situation demands to improve the results of the operation and maintenance of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, to contribute value with their excellence in the acting to the nuclear option in Mexico. The internal analysis defined with clarity the perspectives based on weaknesses and strengths of the operation (monitoring and control of on-line parameters), and in the maintenance (sustained by the planning), enriched with the external experiences emitted by the institutes INPO and WANO for the nuclear industry, with all this strategic objectives 2012 to 2015 were presented and the initiatives as the extension of the useful life to 20 years more, as well as the focused actions to diminish the threat that the event of Fukushima influenced negatively in the public opinion, by means the diffusion of the good results that can be obtained in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde between 2012 and 2015, taking advantage of its modernized power of 810 MW-hour for each generating unit, doing visible that the Project of Extended Power Increase is a generation reality of 120% of the original value, to be able to enter at the excellence levels of the nuclear world. (Author)

  19. Perspectives of the central Laguna Verde after Fukushima for the period 2012 at the 2015 in operation and maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rivera C, A.

    2012-10-01

    The Nuclear Power Plants Management of the Federal Commission of Electricity in Mexico by means an internal analysis confronts the threat to the nuclear industry of the event of Fukushima that affected the public opinion, and the emission of new regulations. This situation demands to improve the results of the operation and maintenance of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, to contribute value with their excellence in the acting to the nuclear option in Mexico. The internal analysis defined with clarity the perspectives based on weaknesses and strengths of the operation (monitoring and control of on-line parameters), and in the maintenance (sustained by the planning), enriched with the external experiences emitted by the institutes INPO and WANO for the nuclear industry, with all this strategic objectives 2012 to 2015 were presented and the initiatives as the extension of the useful life to 20 years more, as well as the focused actions to diminish the threat that the event of Fukushima influenced negatively in the public opinion, by means the diffusion of the good results that can be obtained in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde between 2012 and 2015, taking advantage of its modernized power of 810 MW-hour for each generating unit, doing visible that the Project of Extended Power Increase is a generation reality of 120% of the original value, to be able to enter at the excellence levels of the nuclear world. (Author)

  20. Out of operation in simultaneous way of the two reactors of nucleoelectric central of Laguna Verde(Mexico)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mar, Bernardo Salas

    2013-01-01

    The two nuclear reactors that Mexico has in the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant, were out of operation simultaneously in September 2012. First it was reported that one of the reactors had problems with the diesel generator, while the other had problems with the nuclear fuel reloading. The day after it was reported a problem related to sediment in the Obra de Toma, place the plant feeds seawater to cool the condenser the depth to which it must operate is 6 meters, with the current level of 1.5 meters, causing a lack of cooling water. Finally it was reported the cause of the suspension of operations, the cracks in jet pumps in both reactors. It is described a brief analysis of these opinions. The reactors are of cooling water of General Electric (BWR-5) and generate 1640 MWe each one

  1. Operating Experience with Indian Point Nuclear Electric Generating Station; Experience d'exploitation de la centrale nucleaire d'Indian point; Opyt ehkspluatatsii Indian-pojntskoj yadernoj ehlektrostantsii; Experiencia adquirida con la explotacion de la central nucleoelectrica de Indian point

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beattie, W. C.; Freyberg, R. H. [Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc., New York, NY (United States)

    1963-10-15

    predicted performance for the reactor. Further testing of response to load transients is to continue into the Spring of 1963. The Indian Point Station has proved to the satisfaction of our Company the feasibility of a combination nuclear and oil-fired plant to produce competitive power. The United States Atomic Energy Commission has been requested to issue a construction permit for the Company to build another nuclear plant, similar in design, but of 1000 MW capacity, to be located at Ravenswood which is within the corporate limits of the City of New York. Our Company is prepared to finance the venture with its own funds without subsidy of any kind as was the case with our Indian Point Station. (author) [French] La centrale No. 1 d'Indian Point se compose d'un reacteur a eau sous pression de 585 MWt, quatre circuits de refroidissement primaires avec des echangeurs de chaleur horizontaux, deux surchauffeurs au mazout de 500 000 kg/h et un turbogenerateur de 275 000 kW. Le combustible du reacteur est un melange d'oxyde d'uranium completement enrichi en {sup 235}U et d'oxyde de {sup 232}Th. L'installation se trouve au bord de l'Hudson a une quarantaine de kilometres au nord de New York. En raison de la proximite de cette ville, on a prevu des dispositifs de securite intrinseques exceptionnels contre le risque d'un emballement du reacteur et contre les rayonnements qui pourraient en resulter. La construction a ete terminee en mai 1962. Le combustible a ete charge en juin et le reacteur est entre en divergence pour la premiere fois le 2 aout 1962. On a ensuite procede, dans le courant du mois d'aout, a des essais a faible puissance (jusqu'a 5 MWt), a la temperature ambiante et a .des temperatures elevees. Le turbogenerateur aeteintegre pour la premiere fois au reseau de la ''Consolidated Edison'', le 16 septembre 1962. Les essais aux puissances allant jusqu'a 50% de la puissance theorique se sont prolonges jusqu'en novembre et ont ete marques par de frequents arrets automatiques

  2. The National Institute of Nuclear Research (ININ) and its participation in the External Radiological Emergency Plans at Laguna Verde Power plant; El ININ y su participacion en el Plan de Emergencia Radiologica Externo de la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suarez, G. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Departamento de Proteccion Radiologica, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    1998-07-01

    In this article it is described the form in which the ININ participates in the External Radiological Emergency Plan at Laguna Verde Power plant. It is set the objective, mission and organization of this plan. The responsibilities and activities that plan has assigned are mentioned also the organization to fulfil them and the obtained results during 9 years of participation. (Author)

  3. Simplified system for the pressure control of a Nucleo electric central of the BWR type; Sistema simplificado para el control de presion de una central Nucleoelectrica del tipo BWR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez J, J. [FI-UNAM, DEPFI Campus Morelos, Jiutepec, Morelos (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    One of the main preoccupations of the electric power generator stations is the appropriate operation of the same ones. The operators must be qualified to respond in an adequate way and to be able to take to these power stations to an optimal, sure and stable operation condition under any circumstance. The Laboratory of Analysis in Nuclear Reactors Engineering (LAIRN) of the Engineering Faculty of UNAM (Fl) in collaboration with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), it develops an interactive classroom simulator in which simulations of the phenomena which take place in a nuclear power station are executed. The classroom simulator bases its operation on specialized nuclear codes feeding interactive graphic unfolding with those that it is possible to make a monitoring, supervision and control of the behavior of the power station under any operation regime, either in normal operation, transitory events or postulated accident sequence. The development of this classroom simulator includes a modular and re configurable structure. Due to it is indispensable to count with a higher inter activity with the system it is included the simulation of the control system of the plant and inside the same, one of those more important it is the reactor pressure control system. The present work describes the conceptual design and the used methodology for the development and implementation in the simulator of a simplified model of the pressure control system for a BWR generic central. The reach of the development will allow to accomplish the necessary tests to demonstrate that this has an adequate performance according to the carried out simplifications. (Author)

  4. Development of a methodology for the economical analysis of fuel cycles, application to the Laguna Verde central; Desarrollo de una metodologia para el analisis economico de ciclos de combustible, aplicacion a la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malfavon, S.M.; Trejo, M.G.; Hernandez, H. [FI-UNAM, 04500 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Francois, J.L.; Ortega, R.F. [FI-UNAM, Paseo Cuauhnahuac 8532, Jiutepec, Morelos (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    In this work a methodology developed to carry out the economical analysis of the fuel cycle of a nuclear reactor is presented. The methodology was applied to the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station (CNLV). The design of the reload scenarios of the CNLV are made with the Core Master Presto code (CM-Presto), three-dimensional simulator of the reactor core, the launched data by this, as well as the information of the Energy use plan (PUE), it allowed us to obtain reliable results through the fitness of an algorithm of economic calculation that considers all the components of the fuel cycle to present worth. With the application of the methodology it was obtained the generated energy, as well as their respective cost of each sub lot type of assemblies by operation cycle, from the start-up of the CNLV until September 13, 2002. Using the present worth method its were moved all the values at November 5, 1988, date of operation beginning. To the final of the analysis an even cost of 6.188 mills/kWh was obtained for those first 9 cycles of the Unit 1 of the CNLV, being observed that the costs of those first 3 operation cycles are the more elevated. Considering only the values starting from the cycle 4, the levelled cost turns out to be of 5.96 mills/kWh. It was also obtained the cost by fuel lot to evaluate the performance of assemble with the same physical composition. (Author)

  5. Development of a methodology for the economical analysis of fuel cycles, application to the Laguna Verde central

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malfavon, S.M.; Trejo, M.G.; Hernandez, H.; Francois, J.L.; Ortega, R.F.

    2003-01-01

    In this work a methodology developed to carry out the economical analysis of the fuel cycle of a nuclear reactor is presented. The methodology was applied to the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station (CNLV). The design of the reload scenarios of the CNLV are made with the Core Master Presto code (CM-Presto), three-dimensional simulator of the reactor core, the launched data by this, as well as the information of the Energy use plan (PUE), it allowed us to obtain reliable results through the fitness of an algorithm of economic calculation that considers all the components of the fuel cycle to present worth. With the application of the methodology it was obtained the generated energy, as well as their respective cost of each sub lot type of assemblies by operation cycle, from the start-up of the CNLV until September 13, 2002. Using the present worth method its were moved all the values at November 5, 1988, date of operation beginning. To the final of the analysis an even cost of 6.188 mills/kWh was obtained for those first 9 cycles of the Unit 1 of the CNLV, being observed that the costs of those first 3 operation cycles are the more elevated. Considering only the values starting from the cycle 4, the levelled cost turns out to be of 5.96 mills/kWh. It was also obtained the cost by fuel lot to evaluate the performance of assemble with the same physical composition. (Author)

  6. Evaluation of effects to the health by liberations to the atmosphere of radioactive material of nucleo electric plants; Evaluacion de efectos a la salud por liberaciones a la atmosfera de material radiactivo de centrales nucleoelectricas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez F, C.; Araiza M, E. [IPN-ESFM, 07738 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)] e-mail: carimtz@hotmail.com

    2003-07-01

    The objective of this work is to evaluate the effects on the population health border to a nuclear power station and to estimate the consequences caused by the liberation of radioactive material using the MACCS code (MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System), developed to evaluate the risks for have a severe accident in nuclear plants and to calculate the consequences outside of the one place. The code presents the radiological consequences in form of a complementary accumulative distribution function (CCDF). Graphics of the one total fatal cancerous and immediate damages against the occurrence probability, for a known term source and with the meteorological data of the Laguna Verde power station in one period from 1989 to 1998 and without considering measures of protection to the population. When analyzing these results an it is observed similar behavior in every year for the specific cases of radius of 0 to 16 Km and of 0 to 70 Km. The main parameters required by the one code in the enter file is the Inventory of radioactive products present to the beginning of the accident, the atmospheric source term, the one number of liberated feathers, its heights and temperatures, the meteorological data of the site, the distribution of the border population to the same one and the soil type. It is concluded that it is necessary an additional estimation that consider population's census and current characteristics of the area for to be able to observe the consequences variation. (Author)

  7. Seismic qualification tests of fans of the NPP of Laguna Verde U-1 and U-2; Pruebas de calificacion sismica de ventiladores de la Central Laguna Verde U1 and U2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jarvio C, G.; Garcia H, E. E.; Arguelles F, R.; Vela H, A. [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Naranjo U, J. L., E-mail: gilberto.jarvio@inin.gob.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Gerencia de Centrales Nucleoelectricas, Subgerencia de Ingenieria, Carretera Veracruz-Medellin Km 7.5, Dos Bocas, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2013-10-15

    This work presents the results of the seismic qualification tests applied to the fans that will be installed in the control panels of the three divisions of the diesel generators of the nuclear power plant (NPP) of Laguna Verde, Unit-1 and Unit-2. This seismic qualification process of the fans was carried out using two specimens that were tested in the seismic table (vibrating) of the Engineering Institute of Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), in accordance with the requirements of the standard IEEE 344-1975, to satisfy the established requirements of seismic qualification in the technical specifications and normative documents required by the nuclear standards, in order to demonstrate its application in the diesel generators Divisions I, II and III of the NPP. The seismic qualification tests were developed on specimens that were retired of the NPP of Laguna Verde recently with a service life of 7.75 years. (Author)

  8. Super compacting of drums with dry solid radioactive waste in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde;Super compactacion de bidones con desecho radiactivo solido seco en la central nucleo electrica Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramirez G, R.; Lara H, M. A.; Cabrera Ll, M.; Verdalet de la Torre, O., E-mail: marco.lara@cfe.gob.m [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde, Carretera Nautla-Cardel Km. 42.5, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2009-10-15

    The nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde located in the Gulf of Mexico, completes in this 2009, nineteen years to produce by nuclear means 4.78% of the electric power that Mexico requires daily. During this time, the Unit 1 has generated more of 88.85 million mega watt-hour and the Unit 2 more of 69.48 million mega watt-hour with an availability average of 83.55%. Derived of their operation cycles, the nuclear power plant has generated (as any other installation of its type) radioactive wastes of low activity that at the moment are temporarily stored in the site. Due to the life cycle of the nuclear power plant, actually has become necessary to begin a project series focused to continue guaranteeing the storage of these wastes, guarantee that is a license requirement for the operation of this nuclear installation before the National Commission of Nuclear Security and Safeguards. The Federal Commission of Electricity beginning a project that allows continue guaranteeing space of sufficient storage for the wastes that the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde could generate for the rest of its useful life, this project consisted on a process of physical volume reduction of dry solid radioactive wastes denominated super compacting, it has made possible to reduce the volume that these wastes occupy in the temporary storage noted Dry Solid Radioactive Wastes Deposit located inside the site that occupies the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde. This work presents the super compacting results, as well as a description of the realization of this task until concluding with the super compacting of 5,854 drums with dry solid radioactive waste of low activity. We will enunciate which were the radiological controls that the Department of Radiological Protection of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde applied to this work that was realized for first time in Mexico and the nuclear power plant. (Author)

  9. Participation of the ININ in the external radiological emergency plan of the Laguna Verde power plant; Participacion del ININ en el plan de emergencia radiologica externo de la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez S, R; Cervini L, A [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    1991-07-01

    The planning of performances in radiological emergencies, with the object of reducing the consequences as much as possible on the population to accidental liberations of radioactive material coming from Nuclear power plant, it has been of main interest in the nuclear community in the world. In Mexico it has not been the exception, since with the setting in march of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant exists an executive program of planning for emergencies that it outlines the activities to follow trending to mitigate the consequences that are derived of this emergency. As integral part of this program this the External Plan of Radiological Emergency (PERE) that covers the emergencies that could leave the frontiers of the Laguna Verde power plant. In the PERE it settles down the planning, address and control of the preparation activities, response and recovery in emergencies, as well as the organization and coordination of the institutions that participate. The National Institute of Nuclear Research (ININ), like integral part of these institutions in the PERE, has an infrastructure that it allows to participate in the plan in a direct way in the activities of 'Control of the radiological exhibition the response personnel and control of water and foods' and of support way and consultant ship in the activities of 'Monitoring, Classification and decontamination of having evaluated' and 'Specialized medical radiological attention'. At the moment the ININ has a radiological mobile unit and this conditioning a second mobile unit to carry out part of the activities before mentioned; also accounts with 48 properly qualified people that directly intervene in the plan. In order to guarantee an adequate response in the PERE an organization it has been structured like that of the annex as for the personnel, transport, team, procedures and communication system, with the objective always of guaranteeing the security and the population's health in emergency situations in the

  10. Introduction of fuel GE14 in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde for the extended increase of power; Introduccion del combustible GE14 en la central nuclear Laguna Verde para el aumento de potencia extendido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez M, N.; Vargas A, A. F.; Cardenas J, J. B.; Contreras C, P. [CFE, Central Nuclear Laguna Verde, Subgerencia de Ingenieria, Carretera Veracruz-Medellin Km. 7.5 (Mexico)]. e-mail: natividad.hernandez@cfe.gob.mx

    2008-07-01

    The project of extended increase of power responds to a necessity of electrical energy in the country, increasing the thermal exit of the reactors of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde of 2027 MWt to 2317 MWt. In order to support this transition, changes will make in the configuration of the reactor core and in the operation strategies of the cycle, also they will take initiatives to optimize the economy in fuel cycle. At present in both reactors of the nuclear plant of Laguna Verde fuel GE12 is used. The fuel GE14 presents displays with respect to the GE12, some improvements in the mechanical design and consequently in its performance generally. Between these improvements we can mention: 1. Spacers of high performance. 2. Shielding with barrier. 3. Filter for sweepings {sup d}ebris{sup a}nd 4. Fuel rods of minor partial length. The management of nuclear power plants has decided to introduce the use of fuel GE14 in Laguna Verde in the reload 14 for Unit 1 and of the reload 10 for Unit 2. The process of new introduction fuel GE14 consists of two stages, first consists on subjecting the one new design of fuel to the regulator organism in the USA: Nuclear Regulatory Commission, in Mexico the design must be analyzed and authorized by the National Commission of Nuclear Safety and Safeguards, for its approval of generic form, by means of the demonstration of the fulfillment with the amendment 22 of GESTAR II, the second stage includes the specific analyses of plant to justify the use of the new fuel design in a reload core. The nuclear plant of Laguna Verde would use some of the results of the security analyses that have been realized for the project of extended increase of power with fuel GE14, to document the specific analyses of plant with the new fuel design. The result of the analyses indicates that the reload lots are increased of 116-120 assemblies in present conditions (2027 MWt) to 140-148 assemblies in conditions of extended increase of power (2317 MWt

  11. Shippingport Atomic Power Station Operating Experience, Developments and Future Plans; La centrale nucleaire de Shippingport, experience de son fonctionnement et plans pour l'avenir; Shippingportskaya atomnaya ehlektrostantsij, opyt ehkspluatatsii, usovershenstvovaniya i plany na budushchee; Central nucleoelectrica de Shippingport; experiencia adquirida con su explotacton y programa de desarrollo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feinroth, H. [Division of Reactor Development, United States Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, DC (United States); Oldham, G. M. [Shippingport Atomic Power Station, Duquesne Light Company, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Stiefel, J. T. [Bettis Atomic Power.Labora Tory, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1963-10-15

    Shippingport. Les resultats fournis par la serie complete des essais realises a Shippingport sont compares avec les calculs; la concordance est satisfaisante. Les auteurs examinent aussi les performances du cceur du reacteur, la stabilite de l'installation et sa reponse aux variations de charge, les performances des cartouches de combustible et des barres de controle, les effets a long terme tels que la corrosion et la radioexposition, le fonctionnement des divers elements constitutifs, etc. Les auteurs examinent le principal objectif des programmes actuel et futur de Shippingport pour le developpement de la technique fondamentale des reacteurs refroidis a l'eau. On prevoit notamment de continuer l'exploitation de la centrale et d'etudier, de fabriquer et d'essayer un deuxieme coeur de reacteur a longue duree de Vie et de grande puissance specifique. Avec une puissance nominale brute de 150 MWe et une duree de vie equivalant a 10 000 h de marche a pleine puissance pour la premiere charge de combustible enrichi, le coeur No. 2 aura cinq fois et demie la production d'energie prevue pour le cceur Ne 1 et deux fois sa puissance specifique. Les auteurs decrivent le coeur No. 2 et indiquent brievement les principaux progres qui ont ete realises a cet egard dans les domaines de la physique des reacteurs, de la metallurgie, du transfert de chaleur, de la circulation du fluide caloporteur et de la fabrication des cartouches de combustible. Ils exposent les plans de decontamination de la centrale nucleaire et les modifications qu'entrafnera l'installation du coeur No. 2 plus puissant. (author) [Spanish] Los autores exponen y analizan los resultados obtenidos en cinco aflos de ensayo y explotacion de la central nucleoelectrica de Shippingport y examinan el programa de actividades en curso y los planes para el futuro. Con ese programa se proyecta perfeccionar la tecnologia basica de los reactores de agua ligera, a fin de contribuir a la reduccion de los costos de la energia nuclear. La

  12. Analysis of internal events for the Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power station; Analisis de eventos internos para la Unidad 1 de la Central Nucleolelectrica de Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huerta B, A.; Aguilar T, O.; Nunez C, A.; Lopez M, R. [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, 03000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    1993-07-01

    This volume presents the results of the starter event analysis and the event tree analysis for the Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power station. The starter event analysis includes the identification of all those internal events which cause a disturbance to the normal operation of the power station and require mitigation. Those called external events stay beyond the reach of this study. For the analysis of the Laguna Verde power station eight transient categories were identified, three categories of loss of coolant accidents (LOCA) inside the container, a LOCA out of the primary container, as well as the vessel break. The event trees analysis involves the development of the possible accident sequences for each category of starter events. Events trees by systems for the different types of LOCA and for all the transients were constructed. It was constructed the event tree for the total loss of alternating current, which represents an extension of the event tree for the loss of external power transient. Also the event tree by systems for the anticipated transients without scram was developed (ATWS). The events trees for the accident sequences includes the sequences evaluation with vulnerable nucleus, that is to say those sequences in which it is had an adequate cooling of nucleus but the remoting systems of residual heat had failed. In order to model adequately the previous, headings were added to the event tree for developing the sequences until the point where be solved the nucleus state. This process includes: the determination of the failure pressure of the primary container, the evaluation of the environment generated in the reactor building as result of the container failure or cracked of itself, the determination of the localization of the components in the reactor building and the construction of boolean expressions to estimate the failure of the subordinated components to an severe environment. (Author)

  13. Imaging the Laguna del Maule Volcanic Field, central Chile using magnetotellurics: Evidence for crustal melt regions laterally-offset from surface vents and lava flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordell, Darcy; Unsworth, Martyn J.; Díaz, Daniel

    2018-04-01

    Magnetotelluric (MT) data were collected at the Laguna del Maule volcanic field (LdMVF), located in central Chile (36°S, 70.5°W), which has been experiencing unprecedented upward ground deformation since 2007. These data were used to create the first detailed three-dimensional electrical resistivity model of the LdMVF and surrounding area. The resulting model was spatially complex with several major conductive features imaged at different depths and locations around Laguna del Maule (LdM). A near-surface conductor (C1; 0.5 Ωm) approximately 100 m beneath the lake is interpreted as a conductive smectite clay cap related to a shallow hydrothermal reservoir. At 4 km depth, a strong conductor (C3; 0.3 Ωm) is located beneath the western edge of LdM. The proximity of C3 to the recent Pleistocene-to-Holocene vents in the northwest LdMVF and nearby hot springs suggests that C3 is a hydrous (>5 wt% H2O), rhyolitic partial melt with melt fraction >35% and a free-water hydrothermal component. C3 dips towards, and is connected to, a deeper conductor (C4; 1 Ωm). C4 is located to the north of LdM at >8 km depth below surface and is interpreted as a long-lived, rhyolitic-to-andesitic magma reservoir with melt fractions less than 35%. It is hypothesized that the deeper magma reservoir (C4) is providing melt and hydrothermal fluids to the shallower magma reservoir (C3). A large conductor directly beneath the LdMVF is not imaged with MT suggesting that any mush volume beneath LdM must be anhydrous (10 km) as it moves from the deep magma reservoir (C4) to create small, ephemeral volumes of eruptible melt (C3). It is hypothesized that there may be a north-south contrast in physical processes affecting the growth of melt-rich zones since major conductors are imaged in the northern LdMVF while no major conductors are detected beneath the southern vents. The analysis and interpretation of features directly beneath the lake is complicated by the surface conductor C1 which attenuates

  14. Analysis of the preliminary trajectory of emergency venting of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde using RELAP5; Analisis de la trayectoria preliminar del venteo de emergencia de la Central Laguna Verde mediante RELAP5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cecenas F, M.; Jimenez S, R.; Ovando C, R. [Instituto Nacional de Electricidad y Energias Limpias, Reforma No. 113, Col. Palmira, 42490 Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico); Tijerina S, F.; Tapia M, R. N., E-mail: mcf@iie.org.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Subgerencia de Ingenieria, Carretera Veracruz-Medellin Km. 7.5, 94271 Veracruz (Mexico)

    2016-09-15

    For a commercial nuclear plant, the availability of a vent line to the atmosphere is an improvement to achieve the prevention and mitigation of the consequences of a severe accident. The importance of this system received greater attention after the Fukushima accident in 2011. Subsequently, in 2012 and 2013, the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission issued documents stating that the venting must be able to dislodge 1% of the rated thermal power of the core without over pressurizing the primary container. To analyze the venting of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, the line and the primary container are modeled using the thermo-hydraulic code RELAP5, simulating a release of 1% of the nominal licensed power to the container in the form of saturated steam. The vent has no problem to evacuate the energy and manages to keep the container without exceeding its design limit, and the highest percentage of thermal power that can channel the vent to the outside is approximately 3%. A sensitivity analysis increasing the diameter of the line to 14 inches allows increasing in 10% the percentage of power that can be vented to the outside without problem for the containment. (Author)

  15. Temporary storage in dry of the spent nuclear fuel in the Nuclear Power Plant of Laguna Verde; Almacenamiento temporal en seco del combustible nuclear gastado en la Central Nuclear Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez M, N.; Vargas A, A., E-mail: natividad.hernandez@cfe.gob.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Gerencia de Centrales Nucleoelectricas, Carretera Veracruz-Medellin Km. 7.5, 94270 Dos Bocas, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2013-10-15

    To guarantee the continuity in the operation of the two nuclear reactors of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-L V) is an activity of high priority of the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) in Mexico. At the present time, the CFE is working in the storage project in dry of the spent fuel with the purpose of to liberate space of the pools and to have the enlarged capacity of storage of the spent fuel that is discharged of the reactors. This work presents the storage option in dry of the spent fuel, considering that the original capacity of the spent fuel pools of the NPP-L V was of 1242 spaces each one and that in 1991, through a modification of the original design, the storage capacity was increased to 3177 spaces by pool. At present, the cells occupied by unit are of 2165 (68%) for the Unit-I and 1839 (58%) for the Unit-2, however, in 2017 and 2022 the capacity to discharge the complete core will be limited by what is required of a retirement option of spent fuel assemblies to liberate spaces. (author)

  16. Questions to the reactors power upgrade of the Nuclear Power Plant of Laguna Verde; Cuestionamientos al aumento de potencia de los reactores de la Central Nuclear de Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salas M, B., E-mail: salasmarb@yahoo.com.mx [UNAM, Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Fisica, Circuito exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2014-08-15

    The two reactors of the Nuclear Power Plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-L V) were subjected to power upgrade labors with the purpose of achieving 20% upgrade on the original power; these labors concluded in August 24, 2010 for the Reactor 1 and in January 16, 2011 for the Reactor 2, however in January of 2014, the NNP-L V has not received by part of the Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS) the new Operation License to be able to work with the new power, because it does not fulfill all the necessary requirements of safety. In this work is presented and analyzed the information obtained in this respect, with data provided by the Instituto Federal de Acceso a la Informacion Publica y Proteccion de Datos (IFAI) and the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) in Mexico, as well as the opinion of some workers of the NPP-L V. The Governing Board of the CFE announcement that will give special continuation to the behavior on the operation and reliability of the NPP-L V, because the frequency of not announced interruptions was increased 7 times more in the last three years. (Author)

  17. Study of environmental noise in a BWR plant like the Nuclear Power Plant Laguna Verde; Estudio de ruido ambiental en una planta BWR como la Central Nuclear Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tijerina S, F.; Cruz G, M.; Amador C, C., E-mail: francisco.tijerina@cfe.gob.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Subgerencia de Ingenieria, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km. 42.5, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2013-10-15

    In all industry type the health costs generated by the noise are high, because the noise can cause nuisance and to harm the capacity to work when causing tension and to perturb the concentration, and in more severe cases to reach to lose the sense of the hearing in the long term. The noise levels in the industry have been designated for the different types of use like residential, commercial, and industrial and silence areas. The noise can cause accidents when obstructing the communications and alarm signs. For this reason the noise should be controlled and mitigated, at a low level as reasonably is possible, taking into account that the noise is an acoustic contamination. The present study determines a bases line of the environmental noise levels in a nuclear power plant BWR-5 as Laguna Verde, (like reference) to be able to determine and to give pursuit to the possible solutions to eliminate or to limit the noise level in the different job areas. The noise levels were registered with a meter of integrative noise level (sonometer) and areas of noise exposure levels mapping the general areas in the buildings were established, being the registered maximum level of 96.94 dba in the building of the Reactor-elevation 0.65 m under the operation conditions of Extended Power Up rate (EPU) of 120% PTN. Knowing that the exposition to noises and the noise dose in the job place can influence in the health and in the safety of the workers, are extensive topics that they should be analyzed for separate as they are: to) the effects in the health of the exposure to the noise, b) how measuring the noise, c) the methods and technologies to combat and to control the noise in the industry by part of engineering area and d) the function of the industrial safety bodies as delegates of the health and safety in the task against the noise in the job. (author)

  18. Origen y distribución de pesticidas organoclorados (OCPs) en sedimentos actuales de la Laguna de El Hito (Cuenca, España Central)

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Palencia, Yolanda; Ortiz, José Eugenio; Torres, Trinidad de

    2015-01-01

    Se llevó a cabo el estudio del estado ambiental actual de la Laguna de El Hito basado en el análisis y cuantificación de 24 pesticidas organoclorados (OCPs): hexaclorobenceno, hexaclorociclohexanos, diclorodifenil-tricloroetano sus homólogos y metabolitos (DDTs), y ciclodienos (aldrín, dieldrín, endrín, endrín aldehido, endrín cetona, α- clordano, γ-clordano, endosulfán I, endosulfán II, endosulfán sulfato, heptacloro, heptacloro epóxido B y metoxicloro). Algunos compuestos ...

  19. Origen y distribución de los pesticidas organoclorados (OCPs) en sedimentos actuales de la Laguna de El Hito (Cuenca, España Central)

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez-Palencia González, Yolanda; Ortiz Menéndez, José Eugenio; Torres Pérez-Hidalgo, Trinidad José

    2015-01-01

    Se llevó a cabo el estudio del estado ambiental actual de la Laguna de El Hito basado en el análisis y cuantificación de 24 pesticidas organoclorados (OCPs): hexaclorobenceno, hexaclorociclohexanos, diclorodifenil-tricloroetano sus homólogos y metabolitos (DDTs), y ciclodienos (aldrín, dieldrín, endrín, endrín aldehido, endrín cetona, ?-clordano, ?-clordano, endosulfán I, endosulfán II, endosulfán sulfato, heptacloro, heptacloro epóxido B y metoxicloro). Algunos compuestos superaron los Nive...

  20. Core reactor simulation of the Central Laguna Verde (CLV) reactor in stationary state and an example of the application in the recharge options analysis of cycle 3; Simulacion del nucleo del reactor de la Central Laguna Verde (CLV) en estado estacionario y ejemplo de aplicacion en el analisis de alternativas de recarga del ciclo 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ocampo Mansilla, Hector; Francois Lacouture, Juan Luis; Blanco Lara, Jesus; Cortes Campos, Carlos Cristobal; Esquivias Montoya, Jesus; Esquivel Torres, Jose Luis; Martin del Campo Marquez, Cecilia [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico); Montes Tadeo, Jose Luis [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (ININ), Salazar (Mexico); Sanchez Herrera, Luciano; Torres Alvarez, Carlos [Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1991-12-31

    The results are presented of a study requested by Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) for the analysis of Cycle 3, of Unit No. 1 of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station (CLNV) and determine the burning effect impact, carried out with the starting tests and the operation of Cycles 1 and 2 on base of the cycle extension known as coastdown. The calculations were realized with the Code Package FMS for fuel managing, using the Code PRESTO-B that analyzes the reactor in detailed form in three dimensions an in stationary state. In the study the schemes of fraction of recharge proposed by General Electric (GE) were analyzed with the effect of cycle extension. The initial design value of 100 assemblies for Cycle 3, GE proposes to increase such fraction from 112 to 120 assemblies. This impacts the cost of the second recharge and the purpose of this investigation is to analyze options with higher fuel enrichment in U-235 to minimize the number of assemblies in this recharge. The analyses effected show that the designs proposed by GE do not fulfill the required energy proposed for the cycle, even using in the recharge only fuel with 3.03% of enrichment. It is proposed, likewise, the fuel enrichment up to 3.25% to satisfy the energy demand with a minimum of assemblies. [Espanol] Se presentan los resultados de un estudio solicitado por la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) para analizar el ciclo 3, de la unidad 1 de la Central Laguna Verde (CLV), y determinar el impacto del efecto de quemado llevado a cabo con las pruebas de arranque y por la operacion de los ciclos 1 y 2 con base en la tecnica de alargamiento del ciclo conocida como coastdown1. Los calculos se realizaron con el paquete de codigos FMS para la administracion de combustible, usando el codigo PRESTO-B que analiza el reactor en forma detallada en tres dimensiones y en estado estacionario. Se analizaron en el estudio los esquemas de fraccion de recarga propuesta por la General Electric (GE) con el efecto de

  1. Core reactor simulation of the Central Laguna Verde (CLV) reactor in stationary state and an example of the application in the recharge options analysis of cycle 3; Simulacion del nucleo del reactor de la Central Laguna Verde (CLV) en estado estacionario y ejemplo de aplicacion en el analisis de alternativas de recarga del ciclo 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ocampo Mansilla, Hector; Francois Lacouture, Juan Luis; Blanco Lara, Jesus; Cortes Campos, Carlos Cristobal; Esquivias Montoya, Jesus; Esquivel Torres, Jose Luis; Martin del Campo Marquez, Cecilia [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico); Montes Tadeo, Jose Luis [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (ININ), Salazar (Mexico); Sanchez Herrera, Luciano; Torres Alvarez, Carlos [Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1992-12-31

    The results are presented of a study requested by Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) for the analysis of Cycle 3, of Unit No. 1 of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station (CLNV) and determine the burning effect impact, carried out with the starting tests and the operation of Cycles 1 and 2 on base of the cycle extension known as coastdown. The calculations were realized with the Code Package FMS for fuel managing, using the Code PRESTO-B that analyzes the reactor in detailed form in three dimensions an in stationary state. In the study the schemes of fraction of recharge proposed by General Electric (GE) were analyzed with the effect of cycle extension. The initial design value of 100 assemblies for Cycle 3, GE proposes to increase such fraction from 112 to 120 assemblies. This impacts the cost of the second recharge and the purpose of this investigation is to analyze options with higher fuel enrichment in U-235 to minimize the number of assemblies in this recharge. The analyses effected show that the designs proposed by GE do not fulfill the required energy proposed for the cycle, even using in the recharge only fuel with 3.03% of enrichment. It is proposed, likewise, the fuel enrichment up to 3.25% to satisfy the energy demand with a minimum of assemblies. [Espanol] Se presentan los resultados de un estudio solicitado por la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) para analizar el ciclo 3, de la unidad 1 de la Central Laguna Verde (CLV), y determinar el impacto del efecto de quemado llevado a cabo con las pruebas de arranque y por la operacion de los ciclos 1 y 2 con base en la tecnica de alargamiento del ciclo conocida como coastdown1. Los calculos se realizaron con el paquete de codigos FMS para la administracion de combustible, usando el codigo PRESTO-B que analiza el reactor en forma detallada en tres dimensiones y en estado estacionario. Se analizaron en el estudio los esquemas de fraccion de recarga propuesta por la General Electric (GE) con el efecto de

  2. Simulation of the turbine trip of Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant using the code Simulate-3K; Simulacion del disparo de turbina de la Unidad 1 de la central nuclear Laguna Verde empleando el codigo Simulate-3K

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alegria A, A. [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, Dr. Barragan 779, Col. Narvarte, 03020 Ciudad de Mexico (Mexico); Filio L, C. [IPN, Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, Av. IPN s/n, 07738 Ciudad de Mexico (Mexico); Ortiz V, J., E-mail: aalegria@cnsns.gob.mx [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2017-09-15

    In order to compare the results obtained from the model developed in the Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS) with the code Simulate-3K (S3K) with respect to those reported by the process computer of the Central (SIIP), the simulation of the turbine trip transient was carried out, caused by the firing of the main generator, the low differential pressure of oil of its seals and the automatic Scram of Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant, at 87% of power nominal during the operation cycle 16. Since the reactor was brought to a safe stop due to Scram, was enough to simulate 20 seconds to observe the maximum increase in pressure with S3K. In this work, the following parameters are shown and compared: the neutron flux, the thermal power, the pressure in the dome, the flow at the entrance to the core, the steam flow that leaves the vessel and the minimal critical power ratio (MCPR). The neutron flux of the average power range monitors of the nuclear power plant was compared with the S3K detectors model. Finally, the MCPR was calculated with a different correlation to that of the fuel supplier and its deviation from its safety limit was determined. In conclusion, the results obtained show the current state of the model for the simulation of reactivity transients and the opportunity areas to consolidate this tool in support of the process of licensing refueling in the CNSNS. (Author)

  3. Changes in reactivity and in the margins to thermal limits by the inclusion of control rods of advanced type in the Laguna Verde Power plant; Cambios en la reactividad y en los margenes a limites termicos por la inclusion de barras de control de tipo avanzado en la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez, J.L.; Perusquia, R.; Montes, J.L.; Ortiz, J.J.; Ramirez, J.R. [ININ, Depto. de Sistemas Nucleares, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)]. E-mail: jlhm@nuclear.inin.mx

    2004-07-01

    The obtained results are presented when simulating with CM-PRESTO code the cycle 10 of the unit 1 of the Laguna Verde Central, using two advanced types of control bars, besides the originally loaded ones. The two advanced types, to those that are denominated 1AV and 2AV in this work, are of different design, however both have in some place of the bar, a section with hafnium like neutron absorber material. They thought about three different scenarios, in the first one, used as reference, is simulated the cycle 10 using the original control bars, while in the other two cases the advanced types are used. The values of the reactivity were compared and of some margins to the thermal limits obtained when using the bars of advanced type, with those obtained in the case in that alone they are considered those original bars. It was found that in condition of power both advanced types present bigger absorber power of neutrons that the original bars, being quantified in average this bigger power in 0.22 pcm/notch for the type 1AV and in 0.51 pcm/notch for the type 2AV. The affectation of the margins to the observed thermal limits is minimum. (Author)

  4. Results of the benchmarking in radiological protection practices during fuel reloads in the nuclear power plants of Limerick (BWR) and Ginna (PWR) in the United States of North America; Resultados del benchmarking en practicas de proteccion radiologica durante recargas de combustible en las centrales nucleoelectricas de Limerick (BWR) y Ginna (PWR) en los Estados Unidos de Norteamerica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lara H, M. A., E-mail: marco.lara@cfe.gob.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km 42.5, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2011-11-15

    The nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, unique in our country, has been imposed several goals related with the continuous improvement of their acting; increase in the quantity of continuous days for operation cycle, improvement in the chemical indexes of the reactor coolant, improvement in the indexes of nuclear security, improvement in the indicators of industrial security, improvement in the standards of radiological protection, etc.; in this last item is precisely where is necessary to search creative solutions to be able to maintain the collective doses of the personnel so low as reasonably it is possible (ALARA) especially due to the last projects of extension of useful life of the nuclear power plant (zinc injection, noble metals and hydrogen) and of power increment of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, same that represent in the short period an increment of collective dose and of exposition levels (until 200%) in very specific points of the primary systems of the reactor. (Author)

  5. Innovation, creative ideas to attend the challenges of the Central Laguna Verde for the period 2011-2015 due to new 100% of power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rivera C, A.

    2011-11-01

    For the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (CLV) is an opportunity to present to the nuclear community in Mexico the improvement areas and challenges for the period 2011-2015, now that has been concluded the phase of starting tests of the CLV modernization, with an increment of power of 20% that represents a new generation of electrical power of 815 M We per hour in the 2 Units, with these new challenges the strategic planning 2011 at 2015 take relevance to give guide to the innovation, with new ideas of improvement to the processes, human resources and leadership, with the purpose of maintaining reliable all the equipment s and process systems by means of the use of strengths, opportunities, vulnerabilities and threats analysis, in order to make strategies that aid to generate competitive advantages for the production of electric power in Mexico, using privileged information that contain the database of the improvement systems, like are the programs of corrective action, of human acting, of external operational experience, of auto-evaluation and of benchmarking that is the referential comparison with other similar power stations. At present, in the general management of operation exist the training by coaching to grow in the formation of the half commands and line supervisors, reinforcing the wanted behaviors, the abilities of the technicians, and the orientation in deficient performances in the search of the operational excellence. (Author)

  6. Evaluation of the reduction of boron-10 in the control rods in the BWR of the Laguna Verde Central, through steady state calculations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Montes T, J.L.; Perusquia, R.; Hernandez, J.L.; Ramirez S, J.R.

    2003-01-01

    One of the more important aspects related with the safety and economy in the operation of a nuclear power reactor, it is without a doubt the control of the reactivity. During the normal operation of a reactor of boiling water (BWR-Boiling Water Reactor), the control of the reactivity in the nucleus it is strongly determined by the efficiency of the control rods. In the case of the Laguna Verde Nuclear power station (CNLV) the nucleus of the reactors has 109 control rods grouped in 4 sets. The CNLV at the moment uses the CCC method (Control Cell Core) in the design of the cycle. With this method only the A2 group is used for the control of the reactivity at full power. With the purpose of quantifying the effect of the decrease of the burnable poison (B 4 C) of the control rods and in particular to the effect due to the postulated lost of 10% of Boron 10, it was carried out a series of calculations of the nucleus in stationary state by means of the system of HELIOS/CM-PRESTO codes. In this work the main derived results of these 3D simulations(three dimensions) of the reactors of the CNLV are presented. It was analyzed the one behavior of the infinite neutron multiplication factor (K infinite ), at fuel assemble cell level used in an equilibrium cycle for the CNLV. It was also analyzed the effect in the shutdown margin (ShutDown Margin- SDM) in cold condition CZP (Cold Zero Power). Its are also included those results of the ARI cases (All Rods In) and SRO (Strong Rod Out). From the cases in condition HFP (Hot Full Power) the behavior of the effective multiplication factor (K eff ) is presented. (Author)

  7. Pointing Out Main Factors from Design, Construction and Operating Experience of Existing Nuclear Plants for Assisting in Shaping Future Nuclear Power Programmes; Les principaux criteres degages de l'etude, de la construction et de l'exploitation des centrales nucleaires existantes et leur interet pour l'elaboration des futurs programmes d'energie d'origine nucleaire; Ukazanie osnovnykh faktorov proektirovaniya, stroitel'stva i opyta ehkspluatatsii sushchestvuyutsikh atomnykh ehlektrostantsij, chto dolzhno pomoch' pri sostavlenii budushchikh programm atomnoj ehnergetiki; Principales consideraciones relativas al diseno, construccion y explotacion de centrales nucleares, encaminadas a facilitar la preparacion de programas futuros de energia nucleoelectrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dalla Volta, F. [Comitato Nazionale per l' Energia Nucleare, Rome (Italy)

    1963-10-15

    incessamment entrer en service en Italie, aideraient a etablir les plans des installations futures. Il suggere la possibilite de prevoir des maintenant des cycles de combustible pour une plus longue periode. (author) [Spanish] En la memoria se examinan las principales consideraciones de caracter tecnico y eco nomico relativas al diseno, construccion y explotacion de las primeras centrales nucleoelectricas a plena escala, y que mas pueden ayudar a preparar los planes futuros de expansion nuclear, con especial referencia a las condiciones que reinan en Italia. El estado actual de la tecnologia de los reactores y su evolucion continua en la ejecucion de los proyectos hasta ahora realizados, muestra una neta tendencia hacia la reduccion de los costos del ciclo de combustible y de los elementos componentes de las centrales. Contribuye a esta evolucion la tendencia cada vez mas acusada a construir centrales de mayores dimensiones, y el hecho de que las previsiones acerca de las condiciones futuras de la red electrica sugieren la conveniencia de instalar centrales nucleares de mayor capacidad que las centrales clasicas, en razon de la disminucion que experimentaran los gastos de produccion gracias a la puesta en servicio de esas nuevas unidades. En lo que se refiere a la experiencia adquirida en e l diseno, construccion y pruebas de las centrales en funcionamiento, la memoria estudia los principales factores que han de tenerse en cuenta en la preparacion de planes para el futuro, tambien desde e l punto de vista de los programas de construccion y de pruebas. El autor insiste en el problema del confinamiento, en razon de la favorable influencia que sobre la elecion del emplazamiento de las centrales puede ejercer el perfeccionamiento de blindajes muy seguros, que podrian construirse sin aumento sensible del costo, teniendo en cuenta la especial situacion de Italia en lo que se refiere a ciertos aspectos del problema. En cuanto a la experiencia adquirida en la explotacion de centrales

  8. Modernization of the Electric Power Systems (transformers, rods and switches) in the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (Mexico); Modernizacion de los Sistemas Electricos de Potencia (Transformadores de Principales, Interruptor de Generacion, Barras de Fase Aislada) de la Central Nuclear de Laguna Verde (Mexico)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez Solarzano, J. J.; Gabaldon Martin, M. A.; Pallisa Nunez, J.; Florez Ordeonez, A.; Fernandez Corbeira, A.; Prieto Diez, I.

    2010-07-01

    Description of the changes made in the Electric Power Systems as a part of the power increase project in the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (Mexico). The main electrical changes to make, besides the turbo group, are the main generation transformers, the isolated rods and the generation switch.

  9. Innovation, creative ideas to attend the challenges of the Central Laguna Verde for the period 2011-2015 due to new 100% of power; Innovacion, ideas creativas para atender los retos y desafios del periodo de la Central Laguna Verde en 2011-2015 por el nuevo 100% de potencia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera C, A., E-mail: arr99999@cfe.gob.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km 42.5, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2011-11-15

    For the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (CLV) is an opportunity to present to the nuclear community in Mexico the improvement areas and challenges for the period 2011-2015, now that has been concluded the phase of starting tests of the CLV modernization, with an increment of power of 20% that represents a new generation of electrical power of 815 M We per hour in the 2 Units, with these new challenges the strategic planning 2011 at 2015 take relevance to give guide to the innovation, with new ideas of improvement to the processes, human resources and leadership, with the purpose of maintaining reliable all the equipment s and process systems by means of the use of strengths, opportunities, vulnerabilities and threats analysis, in order to make strategies that aid to generate competitive advantages for the production of electric power in Mexico, using privileged information that contain the database of the improvement systems, like are the programs of corrective action, of human acting, of external operational experience, of auto-evaluation and of benchmarking that is the referential comparison with other similar power stations. At present, in the general management of operation exist the training by coaching to grow in the formation of the half commands and line supervisors, reinforcing the wanted behaviors, the abilities of the technicians, and the orientation in deficient performances in the search of the operational excellence. (Author)

  10. Validation of a new version of software for monitoring the core of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde Unit 2, at the end of Cycle 10; Validacion de una nueva version del software para monitoreo del nucleo de la Central Laguna Verde Unidad 2, al final del Ciclo 10

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez, G.; Calleros, G.; Mata, F. [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km 42.5, Veracruz (Mexico)], e-mail: gabriel.hernandez05@cfe.gob.mx

    2009-10-15

    This work shows the differences observed in thermal limits established in the technical specifications of operation, among the new software, installed at the end of Cycle 10 of Unit 2 of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, and the old software that was installed from the beginning of the cycle. The methodology allowed to validate the new software during the coast down stage, before finishing the cycle, for what could be used as tool during the shutdown of Unit 2 at the end of Cycle 10. (Author)

  11. Validation of a new software version for monitoring of the core of the Unit 2 of the Laguna Verde power plant with ARTS; Validacion de una nueva version del software para monitoreo del nucleo de la Unidad 2 de la Central Laguna Verde con ARTS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calleros, G.; Riestra, M.; Ibanez, C.; Lopez, X.; Vargas, A.; Mendez, A.; Gomez, R. [CFE, Central Nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: gcm9acpp@cfe.gob.mx

    2005-07-01

    In this work it is intended a methodology to validate a new version of the software used for monitoring the reactor core, which requires of the evaluation of the thermal limits settled down in the Operation Technical Specifications, for the Unit 2 of Laguna Verde with ARTS (improvements to the APRMs, Rod Block Monitor and Technical specifications). According to the proposed methodology, those are shown differences found in the thermal limits determined with the new versions and previous of the core monitoring software. Author)

  12. Study and characterization of noble metal deposits on similar rusty surfaces to those of the reactor U-1 type BWR of nuclear power station of Laguna Verde; Estudio y caracterizacion de depositos de metales nobles sobre superficies oxidadas similares a las del reactor de la Central de Laguna Verde (CNLV) U1 del tipo BWR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flores S, V. H.

    2011-07-01

    In the present investigation work, were determined the parameters to simulate the conditions of internal oxidation reactor circulation pipes of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde in Veracruz. We used 304l stainless steel cylinders with two faces prepared with abrasive paper of No. 600, with the finality to obtain similar surface to the internal circulation piping nuclear reactor. Oxides was formed within an autoclave (Autoclave MEX-02 unit B), which is a device that simulates the working conditions of the nuclear reactor, but without radiation generated by the fission reaction within the reactor. The oxidation conditions were a temperature of 280 C and pressure of 8 MPa, similar conditions to the reactor operating in nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde in Veracruz, Mexico (BWR conditions), with an average conductivity of 4.58 ms / cm and 2352 ppb oxygen to simulate normal water chemistry NWC. Were obtained deposits of noble metal oxides formed on 304l stainless steel samples, in a 250 ml autoclave at a temperature range of 180 to 200 C. The elements that were used to deposit platinum-rhodium (Pt-Rh) with aqueous Na{sub 2}Pt (OH){sub 6} and Na{sub 3}Rh (NO{sub 2}){sub 6}, Silver (Ag) with an aqueous solution of AgNO{sub 3}, zirconium (Zr) with aqueous Zr O (NO{sub 3}) and ZrO{sub 2}, and zinc (Zn) in aqueous solution of Zn (NO{sub 3}){sub 2} under conditions of normal water chemistry. Also there was the oxidation of 304l stainless steel specimens in normal water chemistry with a solution of Zinc (Zn) (NWC + Zn). Oxidation of the specimens in water chemistry with a solution of zinc (Zn + NWC) was prepared in two ways: within the MEX-02 autoclave unit A in a solution of zinc and a flask at constant temperature in zinc solution. The oxides formed and deposits were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, elemental field analysis and X-ray diffraction. By other hand was evaluated the electrochemical behavior of the oxides

  13. Revision of documents guide to obtain the renovation of licence of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, Units I and II; Revision de documentos guia para obtener la renovacion de licencia de la Central Nuclear Laguna Verde Unidades 1 and 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jarvio C, G. [ININ 52750 La Marquesa, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Fernandez S, G. [CFE, Gerencia de Centrales Nucleoelectricas, Subgerencia de Ingenieria, Carretera Veracruz-Medellin s/n (Km. 7.5), Dos Bocas, 54270 Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: giarvio@yahoo.com.mx

    2008-07-01

    Unquestionably the renovation of license of the nuclear power plants , it this converting in a promising option to be able to gather in sure, reliable form and economic those requests about future energy in the countries with facilities of this type. This work it analyzes four documents guide and their application for the determination of the renovation of it licenses in nuclear plants that will serve of base for their aplication in the Nuclear Power Plant of Laguna Verde Units I and 2. The four documents in question are: the one Inform Generic of Learned Lessons on the Aging (NUREG - 1801), the Standard Revision Plan for the Renovation of License (NUREG - 1800), the Regulatory Guide for Renovation of License (GR-1.188), and the NEI 95-10, developed by the Institute of Nuclear Energy that is an Industrial Guide to Implement the Requirements of the 1OCFR Part 54-the Rule of Renovation of It licenses. (Author)

  14. Analysis of the micro-structural damages by neutronic irradiation of the steel of reactor vessels of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde. Characterization of the design steel; Analisis de los danos micro-estructurales por irradiacion neutronica del acero de la vasija de los reactores de la Central Nuclear de Laguna Verde. Caracterizacion del acero de diseno

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moranchel y Rodriguez, M.; Garcia B, A. [IPN, Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, Departamento de Fisica, Av. Luis Enrique Erro s/n, Unidad Profesional Adolfo Lopez Mateos, Col. Lindavista, 07738 Mexico D. F. (Mexico); Longoria G, L. C., E-mail: mmoranchel@ipn.m [ININ, Direccion de Investigacion Cientifica, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2010-09-15

    The vessel of a nuclear reactor is one of the safety barriers more important in the design, construction and operation of the reactor. If the vessel results affected to the grade of to have fracture and/or cracks it is very probable the conclusion of their useful life in order to guarantee the nuclear safety and the radiological protection of the exposure occupational personnel, of the public and the environment avoiding the exposition to radioactive sources. The materials of the vessel of a nuclear reactor are exposed continually to the neutronic irradiation that generates the same nuclear reactor. The neutrons that impact to the vessel have the sufficient energy to penetrate certain depth in function of the energy of the incident neutron until reaching the repose or to be absorbed by some nucleus. In the course of their penetration, the neutrons interact with the nuclei, atoms, molecules and with the same crystalline nets of the vessel material producing vacuums, interstitial, precipitate and segregations among other defects that can modify the mechanical properties of the steel. The steel A533-B is the material with which is manufactured the vessel of the nuclear reactors of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, is an alloy that, among other components, it contains atoms of Ni that if they are segregated by the neutrons impact this would favor to the cracking of the same vessel. This work is part of an investigation to analyze the micro-structural damages of the reactor vessels of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde due to the neutronic irradiation which is exposed in a continuous way. We will show the characterization of the design steel of the vessel, what offers a comprehension about their chemical composition, the superficial topography and the crystalline nets of the steel A533-B. It will also allow analyze the existence of precipitates, segregates, the type of crystalline net and the distances inter-plains of the design steel of the vessel. (Author)

  15. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 14

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  16. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 26

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  17. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 3

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  18. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 33

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  19. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 8

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  20. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 18

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  1. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 11

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    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  2. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 17

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  3. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 30

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  4. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 5

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    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  5. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 4

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  6. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 12

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    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  7. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 7

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  8. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 32

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    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  9. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 1

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    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  10. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 28

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  11. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 9

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  12. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 35

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    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  13. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 31

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    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  14. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 21

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    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  15. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 27

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  16. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 6

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    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  17. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 24

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    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  18. 2013 Tres Lagunas Post Fire, 34

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    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — USDA USFS Southwestern Region Contract # AG-8371-C-10-0011 Delivery # AG-8371-D-13-0056 DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY ACQUISITION, TRES LAGUNAS FIRE, NEW MEXICO Project...

  19. Laguna Verde - A photo story

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-04-15

    Safety is one of the main factors in the construction and operation of a modern nuclear power plant. There are many barriers between the fission products produced in the fuel elements of the core, and the environment: the cladding of the fuel pins which are enclosed in the reactor core, the pressure vessel containing the core and which in turn is enclosed in the reactor containment, all this being located in a low-pressure secondary containment or reactor building. Despite these precautions, nuclear safety is still a widely-discussed issue. The important fact remains, however, that there has not been a single radiation-induced fatality or serious injury at any civilian nuclear power plant during 20 years of nuclear power generation. This includes the accident that occurred in March 1979 at the Three Mile Island nuclear plant in the USA. A substantial component contributing to safety in a nuclear power plant is the containment. The following photos of Laguna Verde, Mexico's first nuclear power station being constructed at Alta Lucero in Vera Cruz, give an impression of how strong this concrete and steel containment actually is. Laguna Verde consists of two 600 MWe units and the plant is scheduled for commercial operation in 1982. Construction began in 1974. Both units are boiling-water reactors. The photos show, in general, the construction of the primary containment for the reactors (the dry wells). The dry well contains the reactor itself and has two layers: the leak-tight steel liner and the heavy concrete building. The purpose of the primary containment is to retain steam and gases that might escape in an emergency and to direct these through relief tubes to a water pond for cooling. Surrounding this primary containment will be a reactor building which serves as a secondary low-pressure containment, able to operate at pressures up to 0.2 atmospheres.

  20. Quality studies of the energy in the electric net of the gathering warehouse of reusable parts and contaminate oils of the nuclear power plant Laguna Verde; Estudios de calidad de la energia en la red electrica del almacen de acopio de partes reusables y aceites contaminados (CCAC) de la Central Nuclear Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tijerina S, F.; Vargas A, A.; Cardenas J, J., E-mail: francisco.tijerina@cfe.gob.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Subgerencia de Ingenieria, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km 42.5, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2012-10-15

    In the industry exist the high costs by faults of electronic and electric equipment s, due to during the design process, installation, tests and operation of these equipment s, is not had appropriate detection equipment to carry out quality studies of the energy. These studies give an important support to know that occurs in an electric net, the cause of the anomalous behavior of the equipment s and this way to avoid the expensive faults carrying out necessary engineering adaptations in an electric net. The elements of the electricity that are determined are the tension, current and frequency that are inside acceptable operational parameters that facilitate the operation and constant operation of the equipment s, free of interruptions and failures. The application of the quality studies of the energy is growing little by little in Mexico for the problems solution in the equipment s. This field is also developing new techniques and technologies integrated in the equipment s for its monitoring detection and protection. The present work offers the results of the first Quality Study of the Energy in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde to solve the problem in the gathering warehouse of reusable parts and contaminate oils, in which the failure of the two radiation monitors of the gassy effluent of ventilation HVAC of the warehouse took place. (Author)

  1. Simulations of the design basis accident at conditions of power increase and the o transient of MSIV at overpressure conditions of the Laguna Verde Power Station; Simulaciones del accidente base de diseno a condiciones de aumento de potencia y del transitorio de cierre de MSIV a condiciones de sobrepresion de la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Araiza M, E.; Nunez C, A. [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, 03000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2001-07-01

    This document presents the analysis of the simulation of the loss of coolant accident at uprate power conditions, that is 2027 MWt (105% of the current rated power of 1931MWt). This power was reached allowing an increase in the turbine steam flow rate without changing the steam dome pressure value at its rated conditions (1020 psiaJ. There are also presented the results of the simulation of the main steam isolation va/ve transient at overpressure conditions 1065 psia and 1067 MWt), for Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station. Both simulations were performed with the best estimate computer code TRA C BF1. The results obtained in the loss of coolant accident show that the emergency core coolant systems can recover the water level in the core before fuel temperature increases excessively, and that the peak pressure reached in the drywell is always below its design pressure. Therefore it is concluded that the integrity of the containment is not challenged during a loss of coolant accident at uprate power conditions.The analysis of the main steam isolation valve transients at overpressure conditions, and the analysis of the particular cases of the failure of one to six safety relief valves to open, show that the vessel peak pressures are below the design pressure and have no significant effect on vessel integrity. (Author)

  2. Digital implementation, simulation and tests in MATLAB of the models of Steam line, the turbines, the pressure regulator of a BWR type nucleo electric power plant; Implementacion digital, simulacion y pruebas en MATLAB de los modelos de la linea de vapor, las turbinas y el regulador de presion de una central Nucleoelectrica tipo BWR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez R, A [UNAM, Laboratorio de Analisis de Ingenieria de Reactores Nucleares, DEPFI, Campus Morelos, en IMTA Jiutepec, Morelos (Mexico)

    2004-07-01

    In this phase of the project they were carried out exhaustive tests to the models of the steam lines, turbines and pressure regulator of a BWR type nucleo electric central for to verify that their tendencies and behaviors are it more real possible. For it, it was necessary to also analyze the transfer functions of the different components along the steam line until the power generator. Such models define alone the dominant poles of the system, what is not limitation to reproduce a wide range of anticipated transitoriness of a power station operation. In the same manner, it was integrated and proved the integrated model form with the models of feeding water of the SUN-RAH, simulating the nuclear reactor starting from predetermined entrances of the prospective values of the vessel. Also it was coupled with the graphic interface developed with the libraries DirectX implementing a specific monitoring panel for this system. (Author)

  3. Closure simulation of the MSIV of Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant using the Simulate 3K code; Simulacion del cierre de las MSIV de la Unidad 1 de la central nuclear Laguna Verde empleando el codigo Simulate-3K

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alegria A, A., E-mail: aalegria@cnsns.gob.mx [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, Dr. Barragan 779, Col. Narvarte, 03020 Ciudad de Mexico (Mexico)

    2015-09-15

    In this paper the simulation of closure transient of all main steam isolation valves (MSIV) was performed with the Simulate-3K (S-3K) code for the Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant (NPP-LV), which operates to thermal power of 2317 MWt, corresponding to the cycle 15 of operation. The set points for the performance of systems correspond to those set out in transient analysis: 3 seconds for the closure of all MSIV; the start of Scram when 121% of the neutron flux is reached, respect from baseline before the transient; the opening by peer of safety relief valves (SRV) in relief mode when the set point of the pressure is reached, the shoot of the feedwater flow seconds after the start of closing of the MSIV and the shoot of the recirculation water pumps when the pressure is reached in the dome of 1048 psig. The simulation time was of 57 seconds, with the top 50 to reach the steady state, from which the closure of all MSIV starts. In this paper the behavior of the pressure in the dome are analyzed, thermal power, neutron flux, the collapsed water level, the flow at the entrance of core, the steam flow coming out of vessel and the flow through of the SRV; the fuel temperature, the minimal critical power ratio, the readings in the instrumentation systems and reactivities. Instrumentation systems were implemented to analyze the neutron flux, these consist of 96 local power range monitors (LPRM) located in different radial and axial positions of the core and 4 channels of average power range monitors, which grouped at 24 LPRM each one. LPRM response to the change of neutron flux in the center of the core, at different axial positions is also shown. Finally, the results show that the safety limit MCPR is not exceeded. (Author)

  4. Proposal of the visual inspection of the integrity of the storage cells of spent fuel from the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde; Propuesta para la inspeccion visual de la integridad de las celdas de almacenamiento de combustible gastado de la Central Laguna Verde (CLV)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez M, J. L.; Rivero G, T.; Merino C, F. J. [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Santander C, L. E., E-mail: francisco.merino@inin.gob.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Carretera Veracruz-Medellin Km 7.5, Col. Dos Bocas, 94271 Medellin, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2015-09-15

    As part of the evaluation of the structural integrity of the components of nuclear plants, particularly those applying for life extension is necessary to carry out inspections and nondestructive testing to determine the state meet. In many cases these activities are carried out in areas with high levels of radiation and contamination difficult to access, so that are required to use equipment or robotic systems operated remotely. Among others, the frames and cells of the storage pools for spent fuel are structures subject to a program of tests and inspections, and become relevant because the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-LV) is processing the license to extend the operational life of its reactors. Of non-destructive testing can be used to verify the physical condition of the frames and storage cells, is the remote visual inspection which is a test that allows determine the physical integrity of the components by one or more video cameras designed to applications in underwater environments with radiation, and are used to identify and locate adverse conditions such as ampoules, protuberances, pitting, cracks, stains or buckling, which could affect the three main functions for which the store components are designed: to maintain the physical integrity of spent fuels, store them properly guaranteeing their free insertion and removal, and ensure that the store as a whole meets the criticality criteria that k{sub eff} is less than 0.95 throughout the life of the plant. This paper describes a proposal to carry out the visual inspection of the storage cells of spent fuel from the NPP-LV using a probe including one or more video cameras along with your recorder, and its corresponding control program. It is noted that due to the obtained results, the nuclear power plant personnel can make decisions regarding remedial actions or applying complementary methods to verify that the cells and frames have not lost their physical integrity, or in particular that the cover

  5. Ultrasonic meters in the feedwater flow to recover thermal power in the reactor of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde U1 and U2; Medidores ultrasonicos en el flujo de agua de alimentacion para recuperar potencia termica en el reactor de la Central Nuclear Laguna Verde U1 and U2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tijerina S, F. [CFE, Central Laguna Verde, Km. 42.5 Carretera Cardel-Nautla, Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: francisco.tijerina@cfe.gob.mx

    2008-07-01

    The engineers in nuclear power plants BWRs and PWRs based on the development of the ultrasonic technology for the measurement of the mass, volumetric flow, density and temperature in fluids, have applied this technology in two primary targets approved by the NRC: the use for the recovery of thermal power in the reactor and/or to be able to realize an increase of thermal power licensed in a 2% (MUR) by 1OCFR50 Appendix K. The present article mentions the current problem in the measurement of the feedwater flow with Venturi meters, which affects that the thermal balance of reactor BWRs or PWRs this underestimated. One in broad strokes describes the application of the ultrasonic technology for the ultrasonic measurement in the flow of the feedwater system of the reactor and power to recover thermal power of the reactor. One is to the methodology developed in CFE for a calibration of the temperature transmitters of RTD's and the methodology for a calibration of the venturi flow transmitters using ultrasonic measurement. Are show the measurements in the feedwater of reactor of the temperature with RTD's and ultrasonic measurement, as well as the flow with the venturi and the ultrasonic measurement operating the reactor to the 100% of nominal thermal power, before and after the calibration of the temperature transmitters and flow. Finally, is a plan to be able to realize a recovery of thermal power of the reactor, showing as carrying out their estimations. As a result of the application of ultrasonic technology in the feedwater of reactor BWR-5 in Laguna Verde, in the Unit 1 cycle 13 it was recover an equivalent energy to a thermal power of 25 MWt in the reactor and an exit electrical power of 6 M We in the turbogenerator. Also in the Unit 2 cycle 10 it was recover an equivalent energy to a thermal power of 40 MWt in the reactor and an exit electrical power of 16 M We in the turbogenerator. (Author)

  6. Analysis of the three dimensional core kinetics NESTLE code coupling with the advanced thermo-hydraulic code systems, RELAP5/SCDAPSIM and its application to the Laguna Verde Central reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salazar C, J.H.; Nunez C, A.; Chavez M, C.

    2004-01-01

    The objective of the written present is to propose a methodology for the joining of the codes RELAP5/SCDAPSIM and NESTLE. The development of this joining will be carried out inside a doctoral program of Engineering in Energy with nuclear profile of the Ability of Engineering of the UNAM together with the National Commission of Nuclear Security and Safeguards (CNSNS). The general purpose of this type of developments, is to have tools that are implemented by multiple programs or codes such a that systems or models of the three-dimensional kinetics of the core can be simulated and those of the dynamics of the reactor (water heater-hydraulics). In the past, by limitations for the calculation of the complete answer of both systems, the developed models they were carried out for separate, putting a lot of emphasis in one but neglecting the other one. These methodologies, calls of better estimate, will be good to the nuclear industry to evaluate, with more high grades of detail, the designs of the nuclear power plant (for modifications to those already existent or for new concepts in the designs of advanced reactors), besides analysing events (transitory and have an accident), among other applications. The coupled system was applied to design studies and investigation of the Laguna Verde Nuclear power plant (CNLV). (Author)

  7. Laguna Verde: the nuclear debate in Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weinberg, Bill.

    1987-01-01

    Mexico in planning to start up its first nuclear power station at Laguna Verde in the state of Veracruz (1988). The history of the plant is traced; it should have been finished by 1974. Both the fuel and the technology have been imported from the United States for Laguna Verde. The design, a Mark II Boiling Water Reactor, is controversial and there are doubts as to its safety. Opposition to the plant on safety and environmental grounds has grown. In April 1987 a 'Chernobyl anniversary' demonstration had 10,000 protesters and opponents of the plant are becoming more militant. The main opposition is from environmental and 'Green' groups but also includes intellectuals. However, politically, Mexico would find it embarrassing to cancel the plant and also it wants to be seen as a 'First World' rather than a 'Third World' country. (U.K.)

  8. Tourism in Laguna (SC): Impacts and attitude.

    OpenAIRE

    Susana de Araujo Gastal; Sandra Dall'Agnol

    2012-01-01

    The places by the sea, as spaces of tourism and second homes, suffer the impacts from the activity. The local population attitude, seeing these places as bonuses or otherwise, as a burden, contributes to the viability of tourism in the locality. This article aims to present a research, methodologically related to attitude construct of social psychology, conducted in Laguna, Santa Catarina, Brazil to evaluate the relationship between the community and the different impacts caused by tourism,. ...

  9. First fuel reload in Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bahena B, D.

    1992-01-01

    A report containing the activities carried out during the first reload of nuclear fuel and major maintenance in the Laguna Verde nuclear reactor is presented. The previous and the specific activities are included. These last are related without including the technical considerations, data or the operation details, because these data were documented inside the registrations of the CFE, the ININ and in personal way. (Author)

  10. First fuel reload in Laguna Verde; Primera recarga de combustible en Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahena B, D

    1992-01-15

    A report containing the activities carried out during the first reload of nuclear fuel and major maintenance in the Laguna Verde nuclear reactor is presented. The previous and the specific activities are included. These last are related without including the technical considerations, data or the operation details, because these data were documented inside the registrations of the CFE, the ININ and in personal way. (Author)

  11. The technology transfer and the Laguna Verde power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garza, R.F. de La

    1991-01-01

    The process of technology transfer to the construction of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plants, Mexico, is described. The options and the efforts for absorbing the technology of Nuclear Power Plant design and construction by the mexican engineers are emphasized. (author)

  12. Future perspectives in neutrino physics: The Laguna-LBNO case

    CERN Document Server

    Buizza Avanzini, M

    2013-01-01

    LAGUNA-LBNO is a Design Study funded by the European Commission to develop the de- sign of a deep underground neutrino observatory; its physics program involves the study of neutrino oscillations at long baselines, the investigation of the Grand Unication of elemen- tary forces and the detection of neutrinos from known and unknown astrophysical sources. Building on the successful format and on the ndings of the previous LAGUNA Design Study, LAGUNA-LBNO is more focused and is specically considering Long Baseline Neutrino Oscil- lations (LBNO) with neutrino beams from CERN. Two sites, Frejus (in France at 130 km) and Pyhasalmi (in Finland at 2300 km), are being considered. Three dierent detector technolo- gies are being studied: Water Cherenkov, Liquid Scintillator and Liquid Argon. Recently the LAGUNA-LBNO consortium has submitted an Expression of Interest for a very long baseline neutrino experiment, selecting as a rst priority the option of a Liquid Argon detector at Pyhasalmi.

  13. Tourism in Laguna (SC: Impacts and attitude.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana de Araujo Gastal

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The places by the sea, as spaces of tourism and second homes, suffer the impacts from the activity. The local population attitude, seeing these places as bonuses or otherwise, as a burden, contributes to the viability of tourism in the locality. This article aims to present a research, methodologically related to attitude construct of social psychology, conducted in Laguna, Santa Catarina, Brazil to evaluate the relationship between the community and the different impacts caused by tourism,. Data collection, using an instrument originally proposed and validated by Molero and Cuadrado (2006, allowed the analysis to forward the position of residents on the effects of tourism in the place, evaluating eight impacts factors: environmental; delinquency; everyday life; perceived importance of tourism; public services and infrastructure; intercultural; employment; and values. The results indicate that most impacts are positive on younger residents, and in the environmental, crime and social values the impact is indifferent.

  14. DCVD Measurements at the Laguna Verde NPP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, J.D.; Gerwing, A.F. [Channel Systems Inc., Pinawa MA (Canada); Kosierb, R. [Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, ON (Canada); Vones, J.; Broodryck, A. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

    2006-12-30

    A new digital Cerenkov viewing device (DCVD) with high ultraviolet light sensitivity has been developed. Field measurements on BWR spent fuel at Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant Unit 2 resulted in new Cerenkov information on GE9 and GE12 spent fuel assemblies. Off-alignment measurements show: quantitative differences in the degree of light collimation from between the fuel rods; lack of light collimation from water rods; and decreased light collimation from partial length rod positions. Hidden rods could also be detected in off-angle views. The results indicate that it may be possible to detect missing partial-length fuel rods in GE12 fuel assemblies. The new DCVD was able to verify low burnup, long-cooled, natural uranium GE6 fuel assemblies.

  15. DCVD Measurements at the Laguna Verde NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen, J.D.; Gerwing, A.F.; Kosierb, R.; Vones, J.; Broodryck, A.

    2006-01-01

    A new digital Cerenkov viewing device (DCVD) with high ultraviolet light sensitivity has been developed. Field measurements on BWR spent fuel at Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant Unit 2 resulted in new Cerenkov information on GE9 and GE12 spent fuel assemblies. Off-alignment measurements show: quantitative differences in the degree of light collimation from between the fuel rods; lack of light collimation from water rods; and decreased light collimation from partial length rod positions. Hidden rods could also be detected in off-angle views. The results indicate that it may be possible to detect missing partial-length fuel rods in GE12 fuel assemblies. The new DCVD was able to verify low burnup, long-cooled, natural uranium GE6 fuel assemblies

  16. Expectations for the Laguna foil implosion experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Greene, A.; Brownell, J.; Caird, R.; Goforth, J.; Price, R.; Trainor, J.

    1987-01-01

    Building on the results achieved in the Pioneer shot series, the Los Alamos Trailmaster project is embarking on the Laguna foil implosion experiments. In this series a Mark-IX helical generator will be coupled to an explosively formed fuse opening switch, a surface-tracking closing switch, and a vacuum power flow and load chamber. In this paper the system design will be discussed and results from zero-, one-, and two-dimensional MHD simulations will be presented. It is anticipated that the generator will provide more than 10 MA of which ∼5.5 MA will be switched to the 5-cm-radius, 2-cm-high, 250-nm-thick aluminum foil load. This should give rise to a 1 μs implosion with more than 100 kJ of kinetic energy

  17. Komposisi dan Kemelimpahan Fitoplankton di Laguna Glagah Kabupaten Kulonprogo Provinsi Daerah Istimewa YOGYAKARTA

    OpenAIRE

    Ramadani, Aisyah Hadi; Wijayanti, Arini; Hadisusanto, Suwarno

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian bertujuan untuk: 1) mengidentifikasi jenis fitoplankton di laguna Glagah; 2) meng-identifikasi kemelimpahan fitoplankton di laguna Glagah; 3) mempelajari hubungan faktor fisiko-kimia lingkungan dengan kemelimpahan fitoplankton di laguna Glagah. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada tanggal 10 Desember 2012 di laguna Glagah desa Glagah kecamatan Temon Kabupaten Kulonprogo DIY. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan pada 3 stasiun pengamatan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor fisiko-kimia (pH, DO, dan al...

  18. Laguna Verde after the extended power increase

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herrera C, M. N.; Castaneda G, M. A.; Cardenas J, J. B.; Garcia de la C, F. M.

    2012-10-01

    The project of extended power increase that was implemented in both units of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde beginning with the stage feasibility evaluation in nuclear side of the facilities, that is to say the affectation of the power increase in the equipment s, systems and components of the nuclear power plant; besides the feasibility evaluation a study cost-benefit for the rehabilitated and modernization of the equipment s, systems and components of Plant Balance was realized. Once considered technical and economically feasible the project began the engineering evaluations required to carry out the licensing of the new operation conditions, as well as beginning to the elaboration of the technical specifications purchase of the equipment s, systems and components of the Plant Balance. While on one hand was carried out the administration of the licensing of the extended power increase for other was carried out the necessary engineering to make the physical changes in the conventional side of the nuclear power plant. Once concluded the constructive stage beginning the final stage of the project, the starting-up tests, operation and performance of the Units under the new operation conditions. This work describes this last stage that contains the technical base, the realized tests and the obtained results. (Author)

  19. Start-up and operation of Laguna Verde-2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Torres Ramirez, J.F.

    1996-01-01

    The 665 MWe Laguna Verde-2 nuclear generating unit was accepted into commercial operation on April 10, 1995. The boiling water reactor plant by General Electric (GE) was first synchronized with the grid on November 11, 1994. Laguna Verde-2 is identical with Laguna Verde-1 on the same site. That unit had gone critical for the first time in November 1988 and had first been synchronized with the power grid on April 13, 1989. Commercial operation of Laguna Verde-1 had been started on July 29, 1990. Mexico's only nuclear power plant had been built 70 km north of Veracruz on the east coast and had been scheduled to start operation in 1976. As the Mexican nuclear power program was reduced, the scheduled commissioning dates suffered more and more delays. In the full of 1987, the investigation by the Operational Safety Review Team (Osart) of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) had indicated that the safety requirements of installations and equpiment were met, and that the whole plant was well prepared for fueling. In mid-1988, the Mexican Government had issued the permit to fuel the Laguna Verde-1 reactor. The contract to build the two units had been awarded in 1972/73. No other nuclear power plants are currently under construction or in the planning phase in Mexico. (orig.) [de

  20. Transient analysis for Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramos Pablos, J.C. et.al.

    1991-01-01

    Relationship between transients analysis and safety of Laguna Verde nuclear power plant is described a general panorama of safety thermal limits of a nuclear station, as well as transients classification and events simulation codes are exposed. Activities of a group of transients analysis of electrical research institute are also mentioned (Author)

  1. Origin and evolution of the Laguna Potrok Aike maar (Patagonia, Argentina)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebhardt, A. C.; de Batist, M.; Niessen, F.; Anselmetti, F. S.; Ariztegui, D.; Ohlendorf, C.; Zolitschka, B.

    2009-04-01

    Laguna Potrok Aike, a maar lake in southern-most Patagonia, is located at about 110 m a.s.l. in the Pliocene to late Quaternary Pali Aike Volcanic Field (Santa Cruz, southern Patagonia, Argentina) at about 52°S and 70°W, some 20 km north of the Strait of Magellan and approximately 90 km west of the city of Rio Gallegos. The lake is almost circular and bowl-shaped with a 100 m deep, flat plain in its central part and an approximate diameter of 3.5 km. Steep slopes separate the central plain from the lake shoulder at about 35 m water depth. At present, strong winds permanently mix the entire water column. The closed lake basin contains a sub saline water body and has only episodic inflows with the most important episodic tributary situated on the western shore. Discharge is restricted to major snowmelt events. Laguna Potrok Aike is presently located at the boundary between the Southern Hemispheric Westerlies and the Antarctic Polar Front. The sedimentary regime is thus influenced by climatic and hydrologic conditions related to the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, the Southern Hemispheric Westerlies and sporadic outbreaks of Antarctic polar air masses. Previous studies demonstrated that closed lakes in southern South America are sensitive to variations in the evaporation/precipitation ratio and have experienced drastic lake level changes in the past causing for example the desiccation of the 75 m deep Lago Cardiel during the Late Glacial. Multiproxy environmental reconstruction of the last 16 ka documents that Laguna Potrok Aike is highly sensitive to climate change. Based on an Ar/Ar age determination, the phreatomagmatic tephra that is assumed to relate to the Potrok Aike maar eruption was formed around 770 ka. Thus Laguna Potrok Aike sediments contain almost 0.8 million years of climate history spanning several past glacial-interglacial cycles making it a unique archive for non-tropical and non-polar regions of the Southern Hemisphere. In particular, variations of

  2. The nuclear power policy in Argentina (1965-2003); La politica publica de generacion nucleoelectrica en la Republica Argentina (1965-2003)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carreiro, Francisco M [Buenos Aires Univ. (Argentina). Facultad de Ciencias Economicas

    2005-07-01

    This paper aims to expose some outcomes of a larger research on the nuclear power plants public policy review in Argentine, between 1965 and 2003. It points out the relevance of institutional design as a main factor to explain the policy evolution, and offers unpublished statistic data of this nuclear energy sector. Finally, some comments are presented in order to highlight the importance of the unsolved policy aspects that concern the decision makers in this area. (author) [Spanish] El presente trabajo deriva de un estudio integral desde la optica de la politica publica, y tiene como objetivo el analisis de la evolucion de la politica publica de generacion nucleoelectrica en la Republica Argentina entre los anios 1965 y 2003. (autor)

  3. Análisis prospectivo del conflicto político ambiental, sobre el uso del espacio público Parque La Laguna, localizado en la Urbanización Nueva Casarapa, Estado Miranda.Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mildred Zerpa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Nueva Casarapa, es un complejo urbanístico integral concebido bajo el concepto de ciudad. Posee espacios abiertos, centros comerciales, espacios verdes y públicos cuidados por los propios habitantes y un parque central conocido como La Laguna. En 2009 comenzó una polémica que podría convertirse en conflicto socio natural con implicaciones en la gestión integral de riesgo del Municipio Plaza, por la incertidumbre acerca de cuál grupo es el más indicado para administrar y gestionar el parque La Laguna.

  4. Safety evaluation of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Delgado G, J.L.

    1991-01-01

    The present work describe the licensing process for the first nuclear power plant built in Mexico, it presents the difficulties found during the several years of construction and tests until the phrase a level of safety equivalent to that of the country of origin of the nuclear steam supply system could be applicable to Laguna Verde, at least from the point of view of the mexican regulatory body, and also that this statement could be signed for the inspectors of international organizations. (author)

  5. Prototype fuel fabrication for nuclear reactors of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nocetti, C.; Torres, J.; Medrano, A.

    1996-01-01

    Four prototype fuel bundles for the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant have been fabricated. the type of nuclear fuel produced is described and the process used is commented. As an example of the fabrication criteria adopted, the production model to determine the density of the U O 2 pellets for the different batches of ceramic powder is described. the results are evaluated using the statistical indexes C p and C pk . (author)

  6. Analysis of the three dimensional core kinetics NESTLE code coupling with the advanced thermo-hydraulic code systems, RELAP5/SCDAPSIM and its application to the Laguna Verde Central reactor; Analisis para el acoplamiento del codigo NESTLE para la cinetica tridimensional del nucleo al codigo avanzado de sistemas termo-hidraulicos, RELAP5/SCDAPSIM y su aplicacion al reactor de la CNLV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salazar C, J H; Nunez C, A [CNSNS, Dr. Jose Ma. Barragan No. 779, Col. Narvarte, 03020 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Chavez M, C [UNAM, Facultad de Ingenieria, DEPFI Campus Morelos (Mexico)

    2004-07-01

    The objective of the written present is to propose a methodology for the joining of the codes RELAP5/SCDAPSIM and NESTLE. The development of this joining will be carried out inside a doctoral program of Engineering in Energy with nuclear profile of the Ability of Engineering of the UNAM together with the National Commission of Nuclear Security and Safeguards (CNSNS). The general purpose of this type of developments, is to have tools that are implemented by multiple programs or codes such a that systems or models of the three-dimensional kinetics of the core can be simulated and those of the dynamics of the reactor (water heater-hydraulics). In the past, by limitations for the calculation of the complete answer of both systems, the developed models they were carried out for separate, putting a lot of emphasis in one but neglecting the other one. These methodologies, calls of better estimate, will be good to the nuclear industry to evaluate, with more high grades of detail, the designs of the nuclear power plant (for modifications to those already existent or for new concepts in the designs of advanced reactors), besides analysing events (transitory and have an accident), among other applications. The coupled system was applied to design studies and investigation of the Laguna Verde Nuclear power plant (CNLV). (Author)

  7. ASPECTOS HIDROLOGICOS DE LAS LAGUNAS DE ATASTA Y POM, MEXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Ruiz-Marín

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Las lagunas de Pom y Atasta forman parte del área natural protegida de flora y fauna laguna de Términos en la región de Campeche, México. Esta es una  importante área ecológica ya que es el habitad de muchas especies nativas y migratorias. Estas lagunas han sido afectadas por actividades industriales y por descargas de aguas residuales. Monitoreo de nitrógeno, fósforo y coliformes fecales en agua superficial fueron realizados a lo largo de ambas lagunas durante las temporadas de seca, lluvia y nortes durante un año. Las altas temperaturas en verano (31 ºC y mínimas en nortes (25ºC fueron asociadas con valores de oxigeno disuelto (5.1 y 6.3 mg l-1, respectivamente indicando también una probable relación con la actividad fitoplanctonica. El pH (8.0-8.2 y la salinidad (0.32 - 3.48 UPS no mostraron variación significativa entre las tres temporadas climáticas. El nivel de amonio no fue mayor a los valores sugeridos para el control de eutroficación (0.1 mg l-1, mientras que los niveles de fósforo fueron de mayor concentración (2.0-3.5 mg l-1 que aquellos considerados seguros (0.01-0.125 mg l-1 para el medio ambiente. Las más altas concentraciones de N y P cerca de las áreas habitadas sugiere un importante contribución de nutrientes provenientes de aguas de desecho, asociado con la descomposición de material orgánico. La concentración de coliformes fecales durante la temporada de lluvias y nortes (8.0-26.0 MPN 100 ml-1 fue mayor que durante la temporada de seca (1.3-3.5 MPN 100 ml-1 sugiriendo un importante acceso por escurrimiento pluvial y aguas residuales no tratadas proveniente de las áreas cercanas al lago habitadas. La deforestación de manglares y la descontrolada actividad de agricultura afectaran la calidad del agua en ambos lagos en el futuro.

  8. High-$\\gamma$ Beta Beams within the LAGUNA design study

    CERN Document Server

    Orme, Christopher

    2010-01-01

    Within the LAGUNA design study, seven candidate sites are being assessed for their feasibility to host a next-generation, very large neutrino observatory. Such a detector will be expected to feature within a future European accelerator neutrino programme (Superbeam or Beta Beam), and hence the distance from CERN is of critical importance. In this article, the focus is a $^{18}$Ne and $^{6}$He Beta Beam sourced at CERN and directed towards a 50 kton Liquid Argon detector located at the LAGUNA sites: Slanic (L=1570 km) and Pyh\\"{a}salmi (L=2300 km). To improve sensitivity to the neutrino mass ordering, these baselines are then combined with a concurrent run with the same flux directed towards a large Water \\v{C}erenkov detector located at Canfranc (L=650 km). This degeneracy breaking combination is shown to provide comparable physics reach to the conservative Magic Baseline Beta Beam proposals. For $^{18}$Ne ions boosted to $\\gamma=570$ and $^{6}$He ions boosted to $\\gamma=350$, the correct mass ordering can be...

  9. Gamma thermometer longevity test: Laguna Verde 2 instruments recent performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cuevas V, G.; Avila N, A.; Calleros M, G.

    2013-10-01

    This paper is informative of the General Electric Hitachi and Global Nuclear Fuel - Americas are collaboration with Comision Federal de Electricidad in a longevity test of thermocouples as power monitoring devices. The test conclusions will serve for final engineering design in detailing the Automated Fixed In-core Probes for calibration of the Local Power Range Monitors (LPRMs) of the Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor. This paper introduces the collaboration description and some recent performance evaluation of the thermocouples that are sensitive to gamma radiation and are known generically as Gamma Thermometers (G T). The G Ts in Laguna Verde 2 are radially located inside six instrumentation tubes in the core and consist of seven thermocouples, four are aligned with the LPRM heights and three are axially located between LPRM heights. The Laguna Verde 2 G T test has become the longest test of thermocouples as power monitoring devices in a BWR industry history and confirms their reliability in terms of time-dependent small noise under steady state reactor conditions and good agreement against Traversing In-core Probes power measurements. (Author)

  10. Gamma thermometer longevity test: Laguna Verde 2 instruments recent performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuevas V, G. [Global Nuclear Fuel, Americas, 3901 Castle Hayne Road, Wilmington, North Carolina (United States); Avila N, A.; Calleros M, G., E-mail: Gabriel.Cuevas-Vivas@gnf.com [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verda, Carretera Veracruz-Nautla Km 42.5, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2013-10-15

    This paper is informative of the General Electric Hitachi and Global Nuclear Fuel - Americas are collaboration with Comision Federal de Electricidad in a longevity test of thermocouples as power monitoring devices. The test conclusions will serve for final engineering design in detailing the Automated Fixed In-core Probes for calibration of the Local Power Range Monitors (LPRMs) of the Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor. This paper introduces the collaboration description and some recent performance evaluation of the thermocouples that are sensitive to gamma radiation and are known generically as Gamma Thermometers (G T). The G Ts in Laguna Verde 2 are radially located inside six instrumentation tubes in the core and consist of seven thermocouples, four are aligned with the LPRM heights and three are axially located between LPRM heights. The Laguna Verde 2 G T test has become the longest test of thermocouples as power monitoring devices in a BWR industry history and confirms their reliability in terms of time-dependent small noise under steady state reactor conditions and good agreement against Traversing In-core Probes power measurements. (Author)

  11. 15 years of production of electric energy of the Laguna Verde power plant, its plans and future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rivera C, A.

    2005-01-01

    In the year 2005 Laguna Verde power plant reaches 15 years of producing electric power in Mexico arriving to but of 100 million Megawatts-hour from their beginning of commercial activities. The Unit 1 that entered at July 29, 1990 and the Unit 2 at April 10, 1995, obtaining the Disposability Factors from their origin is: 84.63% in Unit 1 and 83.67% in Unit 2. The march of the X XI century gives big challenges of competition to the Laguna Verde Central, with the possible opening of the electric market to private investment, for their Goals and Objectives of a world class company, taking the evaluation system and qualification of the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) that promotes the Excellence in the operation of the nuclear power stations in all their partners. This Association supports the development of programs that allow the monitoring of the behavior in Safety Culture, Human fulfilment, Equipment reliability, Industrial Safety, Planning, Programming and Control, Personalized Systematic Training, and the use of the Operational experience in the daily tasks. The present work tries to explain the system of evaluation/qualification of WANO, the definition of Goals and Objectives to reach the excellence and of the programs, it will present the Program of the Reliability of Equipment with its main actions the productivity. (Author)

  12. Condiciones sedimentológicas de la laguna la restinga, isla de margarita, venezuela

    OpenAIRE

    C, Julio; Salazar, L; A, Jesús; C, Rosas; C, Julio; Rodríguez, R

    2003-01-01

    Resumen La laguna La Restinga, en el sureste del Mar Caribe, es una laguna costera que comprende pequeñas lagunas rodeadas de manglares, conformando el sistema lagunar más importante de la Isla de Margarita. Se comunica con el mar, al sur, a través de una boca de 800m de largo, 80-100m de ancho y profundidad promedio de 6m. Está separada del mar, al norte, por un istmo o restinga de 23,5km, y sus drenajes naturales se evidencian solamente en la época de lluvia. Se estudiaron algunos aspectos ...

  13. Start-up and commercial operation of the Laguna Verde power plants, unit 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Torres R, J.F.

    1991-01-01

    The main features of the unit 1 of the Laguna Verde Power Plant is presented as well as the phases of the start-up process. The process includes various steps and tests up to start the commercial operation. (author)

  14. Laguna Verde simulator: A new TRAC-RT based application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Munoz Cases, J.J.; Tanarro Onrubia, A.

    2006-01-01

    In a partnership with GSE Systems, TECNATOM is developing a full scope training simulator for Laguna Verde Unit 2 (LV2). The simulator design is based upon the current 'state-of-the art technology' regarding the simulation platform, instructor station, visualization tools, advanced thermalhydraulics and neutronics models, I/O systems and automated model building technology. When completed, LV2 simulator will achieve a remarkable level of modeling fidelity by using TECNATOM's TRAC-RT advanced thermalhydraulic code for the reactor coolant and main steam systems, and NEMO neutronic model for the reactor core calculations. These models have been utilized up to date for the development or upgrading of nine NPP simulators in Spain and abroad, with more than 8000 hours of training sessions, and have developed an excellent reputation for its robustness and high fidelity. (author)

  15. Radiological protection in Laguna Verde, the challenge of being better

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Serrano R, H.

    2008-01-01

    The operation of the nuclear power plants in the last decade is based on the application of standard directed towards the excellence. The nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (CNLV), is not the exception and in the 18 years of commercial operation, the safety culture has matured in the personnel. Standard and political implemented like in the control of dosimeter alarms, equipment condition, meetings pre-work, the practice of protection to the systems and the fuel, as well as the order and the cleaning have distinguished to the CNLV with other power stations. The sense of property of the personnel towards its work is fundamental for the achievement of results. It is reason for the present work to show since it has been gotten to obtain results directed to the excellence in the activities or of normal operation and recharge, where the security is the principle priority. (Author)

  16. History and current safety measures at Laguna Palcacocha, Huaraz, Peru

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salazar Checa, César; Cochachin, Alejo; Frey, Holger; Huggel, Christian; Portocarrero, César

    2017-04-01

    Laguna Palcacocha is a large glacier lake in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, located in the Quillcay catchment, above the city of Huaraz, the local capital. On 13 December 1941, the moraine dam lake collapsed, probably after having been impacted by a large ice avalanche, and triggered a major outburst flood. This GLOF destroyed about a third of the city of Huaraz, causing about 2,000 casualties and is therefore one of the deadliest glacier lake outbursts known in history. In 1974, the Glaciology Unit of Peru, responsible for the studying, monitoring and mitigation works related to glacier hazards installed a reinforcement of the natural moraine dam of the newly filled Laguna Palcacocha, with an artificial drainage channel at 7 m below the crest of the reinforced dam. At that time, the lake had an area of 66,800 m2 and a volume of 0.5 x 106 m3. During the past decades, in the course of continued glacier retreat, Laguna Palcacocha has undergone an extreme growth. In February 2016, the lake had an area of 514,000 m2 (7.7 times the area of 1974) and a volume of more than 17 x 106 m3 (more than 34 times the volume of 1974). At the same time, the city of Huaraz, located 20 km downstream of the lake, grew significantly after its almost complete destruction by the 1970 earthquake. Today, about 120,000 people are living in the city. Due to the persisting possibility for large ice avalanches directly above the Palcacocha lake, this constitutes a high-risk situation, requiring new hazard and risk mitigation measures. As an immediate temporal measure, in order to bridge the time until the realization of a more permanent measure, a syphoning system has been installed in 2011, using about ten 700-m pipes with a 10-inch (25.4 cm) diameter. The aim of this syphoning attempt is to lower the lake level by about 7 m, and therefore reduce the lake volume on the one hand, and also reach a higher dam freeboard. However, the system is less effective than assumed, currently the lake level

  17. Laguna Madre Water Purification using Biochar from Citrus Peels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, C.; Al-Qudah, O. M.

    2017-12-01

    Laguna Madre is an important lagoon in the coast of Texas. It is one of the seven hypersaline lagoons in the world. Due to inflow of water with extreme amounts of phosphorus and nitrates and the low inflow of freshwater, the lagoon has high amount of phosphorus and nitrates which can be harmful for fish and plants situated in the lagoon. The goal is to be able to perform a filtration method with citrus peels biochar, and then to evaluate and compare the produced biochar, zeolite, and activated carbon as an infiltration filter by assessing reductions of nitrogen and phosphorus compounds, as well as sum selected trace elements. Furthermore, the current research will investigate how long the cleaning capacity of biochar lasts and how the performance of the filter changes under an increased load of contaminants. The performance of biochar from different parent materials and recycling options for the used filter materials are also included in this research.

  18. Developing and modeling of the 'Laguna Verde' BWR CRDA benchmark

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solis-Rodarte, J.; Fu, H.; Ivanov, K.N.; Matsui, Y.; Hotta, A.

    2002-01-01

    Reactivity initiated accidents (RIA) and design basis transients are one of the most important aspects related to nuclear power reactor safety. These events are re-evaluated whenever core alterations (modifications) are made as part of the nuclear safety analysis performed to a new design. These modifications usually include, but are not limited to, power upgrades, longer cycles, new fuel assembly and control rod designs, etc. The results obtained are compared with pre-established bounding analysis values to see if the new core design fulfills the requirements of safety constraints imposed on the design. The control rod drop accident (CRDA) is the design basis transient for the reactivity events of BWR technology. The CRDA is a very localized event depending on the control rod insertion position and the fuel assemblies surrounding the control rod falling from the core. A numerical benchmark was developed based on the CRDA RIA design basis accident to further asses the performance of coupled 3D neutron kinetics/thermal-hydraulics codes. The CRDA in a BWR is a mostly neutronic driven event. This benchmark is based on a real operating nuclear power plant - unit 1 of the Laguna Verde (LV1) nuclear power plant (NPP). The definition of the benchmark is presented briefly together with the benchmark specifications. Some of the cross-sections were modified in order to make the maximum control rod worth greater than one dollar. The transient is initiated at steady-state by dropping the control rod with maximum worth at full speed. The 'Laguna Verde' (LV1) BWR CRDA transient benchmark is calculated using two coupled codes: TRAC-BF1/NEM and TRAC-BF1/ENTREE. Neutron kinetics and thermal hydraulics models were developed for both codes. Comparison of the obtained results is presented along with some discussion of the sensitivity of results to some modeling assumptions

  19. Inventario nacional de lagunas y represamientos: segunda aproximación

    OpenAIRE

    Oficina Nacional de Evaluación de Recursos Naturales

    1980-01-01

    Contiene el inventario de las lagunas y represamientos existentes en el territorio nacional, destinado a establecer la capacidad física de regulación de los ríos del país. El inventario comprende un listado y descripción sistemática de las lagunas y represamientos en explotación, en estudios o sin uso.

  20. Botanical ecology and conservation of the laguna de la herrera (sabana de bogotá, colombia)

    OpenAIRE

    Wijninga, V. M.; Rangel, Orlando; Cleef, A. M.

    2012-01-01

    Se estudió la vegetación alrededor de la Laguna de La Herrera, una laguna andina a 2550 m. Se diferenciaron una comunidad de Phytolacca bogotensis (1): comunidades helofíticas dominadas por: Scirpus californicus y Typha angustifolia (2); Scirpus californicus (3); Polygonum punctatum (4); Rumex obtusifolius y Polygonum punctatum (5); Bidens laevis (6); Hydrocotyle ranunculoides (7); comunidades pleustofíticas con: Limnobium laevigatum; (8); Azolla filiculoides y Lemna cf. gibba (9) y Eichhorni...

  1. Applications of the monitor of loose parts in the cycle 6 of the Laguna Verde Unit 2 power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calleros, G.; Mendez, A.; Gomez, R.A.; Castillo, R.; Bravo, J.M.

    2004-01-01

    The monitor of loose parts (Loose Parts Monitoring System) installed in the Unit 2 of the Laguna Verde Central is a tool to detect strange objects or parts loose in the system of refrigeration of the reactor that could be impacted in the walls of the recirculation knots or in the internal of the reactor. In this work two applications are shown carried out with the Monitor of Loose Parts, determining the characteristics of the stable nominal conditions, those which when changing, they are used to diagnose during the Cycle 6 of the Unit 2, failures in the components of the the recirculation circuits or to identify mechanical vibrations of the recirculation knots induced by a flow of recirculation bistable associated to operative conditions of the reactor. (Author)

  2. New recommendations of the ICRP and the ALARA program of the Nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Padilla C, I.

    1991-01-01

    In view of the events happened in it finishes it decade, in the nuclear environment, it is necessary that any he/she practices that it involves exhibition to the radiation, real or potential, be detailed and systematically analyzed by the light of the current knowledge, capitalizing the generated experience. They think about three fundamental aspects in the campaign of radiological cultivation: 1. New methods of evaluation of equivalent dose. 2. Limit of individual dose, base of the change and control implications, and 3. Analysis philosophies and the application of the system of dose limitation. The program ALARA of the Laguna Verde Central from its installation in 1987 observes and it implements actions trending to optimize it practice of situation of potential and planned exhibition with the purpose of fulfilling the commitment settled down in the declaration of political of this program

  3. Records of new or poorly known migratory birds from Laguna del Otun, Los Nevados National Natural Park, Risaralda, Colombia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acevedo Charry, Orlando; Matta Camacho, Nubia E; Moncada Alvarez, Ligia Ines

    2013-01-01

    Colombia is important for migratory birds. Despite this, we do not know where they are during their crossing or residency in the country, and which species use paramo. We registered new migratory bird species for Laguna Del Otun, immersed in a complex of wetlands declared a Ramsar site since 2008. The lagoon is located in the Los Nevados National Natural Park at 3932 m asl, in paramo ecosystems of the Central Andes of Colombia. During five field trips between 2010-2012 we recorded four new migratory bird species for the park: Anas acuta, Pandion haliaetus, Riparia riparia, and Dendroica petechia. We also registered an altitudinal range extension for two additional migratory species which had only been recorded below 3500 m: Tringa flavipes and Hirundo rustica. These findings suggest these species could tolerate high mountain conditions and use the paramo. It's needed inquiry about migratory dynamics and high mountain habitat use by migratory birds.

  4. Characterization of water and lake sediments in Laguna de Bay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    San Diego, Cherry Ann; Francisco, Pattrice Armynne; Navoa, Joshua Antonio; Johnson, Bryan; Dave, Harshil; Cryer, Karl; Panemanglor, Rajeev; Rama, Mariecar; Sucgang, Raymond J.

    2011-01-01

    In this work we studied elemental distributions of trace elements, dissolved oxygen and microbiological allotment (total plate count, Coliform, and E. coli) in sediment and surface water from 3 sites in Laguna de Bay. The measured parameters were associated with the quality of the water and to anthropogenic and geogenic processes taking place in the lake. In all cases sediment samples were collected and analyzed for elemental composition using an X-ray fluorescence technique. Water samples were collected and analyzed for nitrate, chloride, and sulfate ions using selective electrodes. Bicarbonate ions in the lake water were determined by titration. The microbial load (total plate count, total coliform and E,. Coli) were determined using Simplate. Field parameters such as pH and conductivity were likewise measured. Preliminary assumptions suggest that proximity to anthropogenic sources has substantially contributed to the combined loads of major ions pollution in the lake. Laguna de Bay is classified as Class C (DENR Administrative Order No. 34). For all the sites, the conductivity of the water were considerably elevated, which ranged from 929 to 933 uS/cm; Site 1 water exceeded the permissible range for pH for Class C water which is 6.5 to 8.5 for the support and rearing of fish. None of the lake waters exceeded the limits for the ions, chloride (set at 350 mg/L) and nitrate (set at 10 mg/L), for Class C water criteria. All the sites meet the dissolved oxygen, DO, criterion for Class C waters which is set at 5 mg/L. In terms of microbiological load, Site 1 had the least most probable number per ml of water, MPN/ml: total plate count (6720), Coliform (less that detection limit) and E. coli (less than LLD); Site 3 was the most contaminated: total plate count (greater than 70,000), Coliform(48768) and E. Coli (23808). X-ray fluorescence analyses of sediments allowed the determination of elements Na, Mg, Al, P, Si, Cl, K. Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Br, Rb

  5. Analysis of the stability of events occurred in Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castillo D, R.; Ortiz V, J.; Calleros M, G.

    2005-01-01

    The new fuel designs for operation cycles more long have regions of uncertainty bigger that those of the old fuels, and therefore, they can have oscillations of power when an event is presented that causes that the reactor operates to high power and low flow of coolant. During the start up of the reactor there are continued procedures that avoid that oscillations are presented with that which makes sure the stable behavior of the reactor. However, when the reactor is operating to nominal conditions and they are shot or they are transferred to low speed the recirculation pumps, it cannot make sure that the reactor doesn't present oscillations of power when entering to the restricted operation regions. The methods of stability analysis commonly use signs of neutronic noise that require to be stationary, but after a transitory one where they commonly get lost the recirculation pumps the signs they don't have the required characteristics, for what they are used with certain level of uncertainty by the limited validity of the models. In this work the Prony method is used to determine the reactor stability, starting from signs of transitory and it is compared with autoregressive models. Four events are analyzed happened in the Laguna Verde power plant where the reactor was in the area of high power and low flow of coolant, giving satisfactory results. (Author)

  6. Total mercury of selected fish species from Laguna de Bay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Relon, Milagros Lontoc

    1996-01-01

    Dalag Ophicephalus striatus Block, kanduli Arius thalassinus Ruppell, bia Amblygobius phalaena Cuvier et Valenciennes and tilapia Tilapia nilotica Linnnaeus collected from Laguna de Bay between Taguig and Binangonan area in August 1989 to July 1990 were analyzed for total mercury by atomic absorption spectrometry. The highest metal concentration in soft muscle tissue was observed in Dalag followed by kanduli, less in bia and least in tilapia with mean values of 0.021, 0.020, 0.013, and 0.008 ug/g, respectively. Analysis using two-way ANOVA showed a significant difference in the mean total mercury in ug/g in the difference fish samples, among the different months and the interaction between these two variables. Mean total mercury of the four fish samples were significantly higher in April than in October. The results show that the levels of total mercury in the fish samples are below the World Health Organization maximum tolerable consumption of mercury in food of 300 ug or 0.03 mg of total mercury per week. (author)

  7. Severe Accident Simulation of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Espinosa-Paredes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA simulation in the boiling water reactor (BWR of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (LVNPP at 105% of rated power is analyzed in this work. The LVNPP model was developed using RELAP/SCDAPSIM code. The lack of cooling water after the LOCA gets to the LVNPP to melting of the core that exceeds the design basis of the nuclear power plant (NPP sufficiently to cause failure of structures, materials, and systems that are needed to ensure proper cooling of the reactor core by normal means. Faced with a severe accident, the first response is to maintain the reactor core cooling by any means available, but in order to carry out such an attempt is necessary to understand fully the progression of core damage, since such action has effects that may be decisive in accident progression. The simulation considers a LOCA in the recirculation loop of the reactor with and without cooling water injection. During the progression of core damage, we analyze the cooling water injection at different times and the results show that there are significant differences in the level of core damage and hydrogen production, among other variables analyzed such as maximum surface temperature, fission products released, and debris bed height.

  8. Flora planctónica de laguna Lagartos, Quintana Roo Planktonic flora from Lagartos Lagoon, Quintana Roo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viridiana Margarita Nava-Ruiz

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una lista de la flora planctónica de la laguna Lagartos, basada en la observación de muestras superficiales obtenidas entre noviembre de 2007 a septiembre de 2008. Las muestras se recolectaron con una botella Van Dorn de 2 litros en la parte central de la laguna; se registraron 67 taxa: 28 Bacillariophyta, 22 Cyanoprokaryota, 7 Chlorophyta, 6 Dinoflagellata, 2 Euglenophyta y 2 Cryptophyta. Las cianofitas dominaron durante todo el periodo de estudio, con una contribución mayor al 80% de la abundancia total del fitoplancton. Son nuevos registros para México 13 especies: Chroococcus pulcherrimus, Coelosphaerium confertum, Cyanodyction iac, Phormidium pachydermaticum, Planktolyngbya contorta, Rhodomonas minuta, Amphidinium massartii, Ensiculifera cf. loeblichii, Heterocapsa cf. pseudotriquetra, Prorocentrum cassubicum, Licmophora normaniana, Fistulifera saprophila y Amphora richardiana. Todos los taxa listados se ilustran con microfotografías.The planktonic flora from Lagartos Lagoon, Quintana Roo, was examined based on the observation of samples collected from November 2007 to September 2008. The superficial samples were collected with a Van Dorn bottle of 2 L, in the core part of the lagoon. A total of 67 taxa were identified: 28 Bacillariophyta, 22 Cyanoprokaryota, 7 Chlorophyta, 6 Dinoflagellata, 2 Euglenophyta and 2 Cryptophyta. Nevertheless, the blue green algae dominated during all study period, with more of 80% to the total abundance of the phytoplankton. The species Chroococcus pulcherrimus, Coelosphaerium confertum, Cyanodyction iac, Phormidium pachydermaticum, Planktolyngbya contorta, Rhodomonas minuta, Amphidinium massartii, Ensiculifera cf. loeblichii, Heterocapsa cf. pseudotriquetra, Prorocentrum cassubicum, Licmophora normaniana, Fistulifera saprophila and Amphora richardiana were recorded for the first time in Mexico. All the taxa are illustrated with microphotographs.

  9. Validation of SIMULATE-3K for stability analysis of Laguna Verde nuclear plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillo, Rogelio, E-mail: rogelio.castillo@inin.gob.mx [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carretera México-Toluca s/n, La Marquesa, Ocoyoacac, Estado de México 52750 (Mexico); Alonso, Gustavo, E-mail: gustavo.alonso@inin.gob.mx [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carretera México-Toluca s/n, La Marquesa, Ocoyoacac, Estado de México 52750 (Mexico); Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Unidad Profesional Adolfo Lopez Mateos, Ed. 9, Lindavista, D.F. 07300 (Mexico); Ramírez, J. Ramón, E-mail: ramon.ramirez@inin.gob.mx [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carretera México-Toluca s/n, La Marquesa, Ocoyoacac, Estado de México 52750 (Mexico)

    2013-12-15

    Highlights: • Neutronic/thermal hydraulic event in Laguna Verde is modeled. • A good agreement is obtained between SIMULATE-3K results and data plant for frequency and DR. • Other noise analysis techniques are used for the same purpose with good agreement. • Validation of SIMULATE-3K for stability analysis of Laguna Verde is confirmed - Abstract: Boiling Water Reactors are two phase flow systems which are susceptible to different types of flow instabilities. Among these are the coupled neutronic/thermal-hydraulic instabilities, these may compromise established fuel safety limits. These instabilities are characterized by periodic core-power and hydraulic oscillations. SIMULATE-3K code has been tested for stability analysis for several benchmarks, however to qualify the SIMULATE-3K code for a particular power plant a specific reactor plant analysis must be done. In this paper, the plant model of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant is built and SIMULATE-3K is tested against the 1995 coupled neutronic/thermal-hydraulic instability event of Laguna Verde. Results obtained show the adequacy of this code to specific Laguna Verde power plant stability analysis.

  10. Estudio Limnológico preliminar de la Laguna Hule, Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Ramírez R.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available La Laguna Hule, localizada en la Vertiente Caribe, Costa Rica a 750m sobre el nivel del mar, forma parte del complejo de lagunas volcánicas llamado “Bosque Alegre”. El área de la laguna es de 60.3 ha y su profundidad máxima de 22.5m. La investigación se realizó de abril a setiembre de 1989 determinándose, en cada muestreo la temperatura, el óxido disuelto, el ácido sulfhídrico (H2S, el pH, la alcalinidad y la concentración de iones calcio, magnesio, hierro y manganeso. La laguna presenta un perfil clinógrado de oxígeno; el 60% del volumen total es anóxico con presencia de H2S a partir de los 8m de profundidad. Los valores de pH y alcalinidad indican que las aguas son bicarbonatadas, caracterizándose por un alto contenido de hierro. La curva de temperatura señala una diferencia de hasta 4.3 °C entre la superifcie y el fondo, permitiendo a la laguna permanecer estratificada (hay un epilimnion y un hipolimnion bien definido.

  11. Analysis of the stability of events occurred in Laguna Verde; Analisis de estabilidad de eventos ocurridos en Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillo D, R.; Ortiz V, J. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Calleros M, G. [CFE, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km. 42.5, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    The new fuel designs for operation cycles more long have regions of uncertainty bigger that those of the old fuels, and therefore, they can have oscillations of power when an event is presented that causes that the reactor operates to high power and low flow of coolant. During the start up of the reactor there are continued procedures that avoid that oscillations are presented with that which makes sure the stable behavior of the reactor. However, when the reactor is operating to nominal conditions and they are shot or they are transferred to low speed the recirculation pumps, it cannot make sure that the reactor doesn't present oscillations of power when entering to the restricted operation regions. The methods of stability analysis commonly use signs of neutronic noise that require to be stationary, but after a transitory one where they commonly get lost the recirculation pumps the signs they don't have the required characteristics, for what they are used with certain level of uncertainty by the limited validity of the models. In this work the Prony method is used to determine the reactor stability, starting from signs of transitory and it is compared with autoregressive models. Four events are analyzed happened in the Laguna Verde power plant where the reactor was in the area of high power and low flow of coolant, giving satisfactory results. (Author)

  12. Aves acuáticas de la laguna de Acuitlapilco, Tlaxcala, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juanita Fonseca

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Estudiamos la abundancia y distribución estacional de las aves acuáticas en la laguna de Acuitlapilco, Tlaxcala, México. De febrero de 2011 a enero de 2012, realizamos censos en puntos de conteo para el registro de las especies. Registramos un total de 36 especies de aves acuáticas con una abundancia total acumulada de 48,794 individuos. Doce de las especies registradas fueron residentes, 10 migratorias y 14 fueron especies transitorias o de registro accidental. Observamos que la mayor riqueza de especies y abundancia de aves fueron en invierno, cuando la mayoría de las especies migratorias llegaron a la laguna. Nuestros resultados muestran que esta área es importante para especies de aves acuáticas tanto residentes como migratorias, y refleja la necesidad de un mayor número de estudios sobre el papel de las lagunas continentales como reservorios de biodiversidad.

  13. Training in fundamentals of radiological coverage in Laguna Verde NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lara H, M. A.

    2014-10-01

    In 2010, the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) celebrates the Knowledge Transfer and Retention Workshop, an event where nuclear regulators and operators presented the strategies that various NPP to worldwide were implemented to mitigate the consequences of this generational change and take advantage of it, the trend in the presented works was the same: the generational change occurs in a faster way that the transfer of knowledge, the future was already here and many NPP had not been adequately prepared to train its nuclear technicians and engineers in the tasks demanded by the industry of them, so in addition to preparing these workers to forced marches was necessary to establish strategies to retain at more experienced staff in the industry. The Laguna Verde NPP has not been exempt to this process; the preparation of personnel squares to replace those that reaching retirement age in the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) has become extensive in the last five years, sometimes leading to have personnel covering functions without an alternate to the next lower position, the cause? Not enough staff. In the specific case of radiation protection (Rp) the time required for obtaining the status of Rp technician according to the ANSI/ANS 3.1 standard is 2 years, one of the tasks that most occupies part of these two years is training in radiological coverage, this training requires a mix of knowledge and experience, recently one of the concepts used for training in Rp is the evaluation and management of the radiological risk, topic that is considered in this technical work. (Author)

  14. Investigation of chikungunya fever outbreak in Laguna, Philippines, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julius Erving Ballera

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: In July 2012, the Philippines National Epidemiology Center received a report of a suspected chikungunya fever outbreak in San Pablo City, Laguna Province, the first chikungunya cases reported from the city since surveillance started in 2007. We conducted an outbreak investigation to identify risk factors associated with chikungunya. Methods: A case was defined as any resident of Concepcion Village in San Pablo City who had fever of at least two days duration and either joint pains or rash between 23 June and 6 August 2012. Cases were ascertained by conducting house-to-house canvassing and medical records review. An unmatched case-control study was conducted and analysed using a multivariate logistic regression. An environmental investigation was conducted by observing water and sanitation practices, and 100 households were surveyed to determine House and Breteau Indices. Human serum samples were collected for confirmation for chikungunya IgM through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: There were 98 cases identified. Multivariate analysis revealed that having a chikungunya case in the household (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 6.2; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.0–12.9 and disposing of garbage haphazardly (aOR: 2.7; 95% CI: 1.4–5.4 were associated with illness. House and Breteau Indices were 27% and 28%, respectively. Fifty-eight of 84 (69% serum samples were positive for chikungunya IgM. Conclusion: It was not surprising that having a chikungunya case in a household was associated with illness in this outbreak. However, haphazard garbage disposal is not an established risk factor for the disease, although this could be linked to increased breeding sites for mosquitoes.

  15. Considerations for increasing unit 1 spent fuel pool capacity at the Laguna Verde station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vera, A.

    1992-01-01

    To increase the spent fuel storage capacity at the Laguna Verde Station in a safe and economical manner and assure a continuous operation of the first Mexican Nuclear Plant, Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), the Nation's Utility, seeked alternatives considering the overall world situation, the safety and licensing aspects, as well as the economics and the extent of the nuclear program of Mexico. This paper describes the alternatives considered, their evaluation and how the decision taken by CFE in this field, provides the Laguna Verde Station with a maximum of 37 years storage capacity plus full core reserve

  16. Application of a new methodology on the multicycle analysis for the Laguna Verde NPP en Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cortes C, Carlos C.

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes the improvements done in the physical and economic methodologies on the multicycle analysis for the Boiling Water Reactors of the Laguna Verde NPP in Mexico, based on commercial codes and in-house developed computational tools. With these changes in our methodology, three feasible scenarios are generated for the operation of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant Unit 2 at 12, 18 and 24 months. The physical economic results obtained are showed. Further, the effect of the replacement power is included in the economic evaluation. (author). 11 refs., 3 figs., 7 tabs

  17. Desarrollo, trabajo y género: El caso de la Laguna de Yahuarcocha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diosey Ramon Lugo-Morin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio propone valorar el papel de la mujer rural de los territorios aledaños a la Laguna de Yahuarcocha.  Escenario propicio para generar una dinámica económica en las comunidades de San Miguel de Yahuarcocha y Priorato donde las mujeres tienen un rol de importancia estratégica.  Se concluye que la participación de  las mujeres en la dinámica económica entorno a la Laguna de Yahuarcocha es determinante para el desarrollo del territorio sobre todo en el ámbito turístico.

  18. Evaluation of the integrity and duration of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant life- Plant Life Management program (PLIM). TC MEX 04/53 Technical Cooperation Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arganis J, C.R.; Diaz S, A.; Aguilar T, J.A.

    2006-01-01

    As part of the IAEA TC MEX 04/53 Project 'Evaluation of the integrity and extension of life of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant Handling Program of plant' whose objective is the one of beginning the actions to apply the methodology of Handling of plant life in the Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde Nucleo electric Central for to obtain the Renovation of License in 2020 the ININ, through the Department of Synthesis and Characterization of materials has carried out more of 20 analysis of susceptibility to the intergranular cracking for corrosion under effort in interns so much of the reactor of the unit 1 like of the unit 2 documenting the current state of components based on the type or types of materials that conform them, to it thermomechanical history, operational and of production, as well as of the particularities associated to its use and operation. For the application of the methodology of life handling of plant 5 structure systems or pilot components were selected, to carry out the programs of handling of the aging and handling of plant life: The encircling of the reactor core (Core Shroud), the reactor pressure vessel (Reactor Pressure Vessel), the primary container (Primary Containment), the recirculation system of feeding water (Reactor Feed Water) and cables. (Author)

  19. Laguna Verde nuclear power plant: an experience to consider in advanced BWR design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fuentes Marquez, L.

    2001-01-01

    Laguna Verde is a BWR 5 containment Mark II. Designed by GE, two external re-circulation loops, each of them having two speed re-circulation pump and a flow control valve to define the drive flow and consequently the total core flow an power control by total core flow. Laguna Verde Design and operational experience has shown some insights to be considering in design for advanced BRW reactors in order to improve the potential of nuclear power plants. NSSS and Balance of plant design, codes used to perform nuclear core design, margins derived from engineering judgment, at the time Laguna Verde designed and constructed had conducted to have a plant with an operational license, generating with a very good performance and availability. Nevertheless, some design characteristics and operational experience have shown that potential improvements or areas of opportunity shall be focused in the advanced BWR design. Computer codes used to design the nuclear core have been evolved relatively fast. The computers are faster and powerful than those used during the design process, also instrumentation and control are becoming part of this amazing technical evolution in the industry. The Laguna Verde experience is the subject to share in this paper. (author)

  20. New aspects in the radiological emergency plan outside the Nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alva L, S.

    1991-01-01

    The Mexican government through the National Commission of Nuclear Safety and Safeguards has imposed to the Federal Commission of Electricity to fulfill the requirement of having a functional Emergency Plan and under the limits that the regulator organisms in the world have proposed. The PERE (Plan of External Radiological Emergency) it has been created for the Nuclear Power station of Laguna Verde, Mexico

  1. Design Study for a Future Laguna-LBNO Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Alabau-Gonzalvo, J; Antoniou, F; Benedikt, M; Calviani, M; Efthymiopoulos, I; Ferrari, A; Garoby, R; Gerigk, F; Gilardoni, S; Goddard, B; Kosmicki, A; Lazaridis, C; Osborne, J; Papaphillippou, Y; Parfenova, A; Shaposhnikova, E; Steerenberg, R; Velten, P; Vincke, H

    2013-01-01

    The Large Apparatus studying Grand Unification and Neutrino Astrophysics (LAGUNA) study [1] investigated seven pre-selected underground sites in Europe (Finland, France, Italy, Poland, Romania, Spain and UK), capable of housing large volume detectors for terrestrial, accelerator generated and astrophysical neutrino research. The study was focused on geo-technical assessment of the sites, concluding that no show-stoppers exist for the construction of the required large underground caverns in the chosen sites. The LAGUNA-LBNO FP7/EC-funded design study extends the LAGUNA study in two key aspects: the detailed engineering of detector construction and operation, and the study of a long-baseline neutrino beam from CERN, and possibly other accelerator centres in Europe. Based on the findings of the LAGUNA study, the Pyh¨asalmi mine in Finland is chosen as prime site for the far detector location. The mine offers the deepest underground location in Europe (-1400 m) and a baseline of 2’300 km from CERN (Fig. 1). ...

  2. Design optimization for fuel reloading in Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cortes Campos, C.C.; Montes Tadeo, J.L.

    1991-01-01

    Procedure followed to perform the design optimation in fuel reloading is described in general words and also is shown an example in which such procedure was uses for analysis of BWR type reactor in unit 1 of Laguna Verde nuclear power plant (Author)

  3. Internal event analysis of Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant. System Analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huerta B, A.; Aguilar T, O.; Nunez C, A.; Lopez M, R.

    1993-01-01

    The Level 1 results of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant PRA are presented in the I nternal Event Analysis of Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant , CNSNS-TR-004, in five volumes. The reports are organized as follows: CNSNS-TR-004 Volume 1: Introduction and Methodology. CNSNS-TR-004 Volume 2: Initiating Event and Accident Sequences. CNSNS-TR-004 Volume 3: System Analysis. CNSNS-TR-004 Volume 4: Accident Sequence Quantification and Results. CNSNS-TR-004 Volume 5: Appendices A, B and C. This volume presents the results of the system analysis for the Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant. The system analysis involved the development of logical models for all the systems included in the accident sequence event tree headings, and for all the support systems required to operate the front line systems. For the Internal Event analysis for Laguna Verde, 16 front line systems and 5 support systems were included. Detailed fault trees were developed for most of the important systems. Simplified fault trees focusing on major faults were constructed for those systems that can be adequately represent,ed using this kind of modeling. For those systems where fault tree models were not constructed, actual data were used to represent the dominant failures of the systems. The main failures included in the fault trees are hardware failures, test and maintenance unavailabilities, common cause failures, and human errors. The SETS and TEMAC codes were used to perform the qualitative and quantitative fault tree analyses. (Author)

  4. Modernization of the turbo in the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liebana, B.; Merino, A.; Cobos, A.; Gonzalez, J. J.

    2010-01-01

    The power increase of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant is a project for the rehabilitation and modernization of the turbo and associated equipment to get an increase of its power and of its service life. The project scope includes the design, the engineering, the equipment supply, the installation, the testing and the commissioning. This paper describes the first phase of the project.

  5. A pollen diagram from “Laguna de la Herrera” (Sabana de Bogota)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hammen, van der T.; Gonzalez, E.

    1965-01-01

    The Laguna de La Herrera (alt. ca 2550 m) is a lake situated on the western border of the Sabana de Bogotá, near Mosquera (dept. of Cundinamarca, Colombia) (fig. 2). This part of the Sabana has a relatively dry climate (appr. 600—700 mm rainfall), as it lies in the rain-shadow of the hills that

  6. Reassessment of the 1892 Laguna Salada Earthquake: Fault Kinematics and Rupture Patterns

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rockwell, T.K.; Fletcher, J.M.; Teran, O.J.; Hernandez, A.P.; Mueller, K.J.; Salisbury, J.B.; Akciz, S.O.; Štěpančíková, Petra

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 105, č. 6 (2015), s. 2885-2893 ISSN 0037-1106 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LH12078 Institutional support: RVO:67985891 Keywords : paleoseismology * earthquake s * fault kinematics * Laguna Salada * Mexico Subject RIV: DB - Geology ; Mineralogy Impact factor: 2.311, year: 2015

  7. Evaluation of the integrity and duration of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant life- Plant Life Management program (PLIM). TC MEX 04/53 Technical Cooperation Project; Evaluacion de la integridad y extension de vida de la planta de potencia nuclear Laguna Verde- Programa de manejo de vida de planta (PLIM). Proyecto de cooperacion tecnica TC MEX 04/53

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arganis J, C.R.; Diaz S, A.; Aguilar T, J.A. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2006-07-01

    As part of the IAEA TC MEX 04/53 Project 'Evaluation of the integrity and extension of life of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant Handling Program of plant' whose objective is the one of beginning the actions to apply the methodology of Handling of plant life in the Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde Nucleo electric Central for to obtain the Renovation of License in 2020 the ININ, through the Department of Synthesis and Characterization of materials has carried out more of 20 analysis of susceptibility to the intergranular cracking for corrosion under effort in interns so much of the reactor of the unit 1 like of the unit 2 documenting the current state of components based on the type or types of materials that conform them, to it thermomechanical history, operational and of production, as well as of the particularities associated to its use and operation. For the application of the methodology of life handling of plant 5 structure systems or pilot components were selected, to carry out the programs of handling of the aging and handling of plant life: The encircling of the reactor core (Core Shroud), the reactor pressure vessel (Reactor Pressure Vessel), the primary container (Primary Containment), the recirculation system of feeding water (Reactor Feed Water) and cables. (Author)

  8. Methodology of aging management in structures, systems and components of a nuclear power plant and its application to a pilot program in Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jarvio C, G.; Fernandez S, G.

    2009-10-01

    From its origin the nuclear power plants confront the effects of time and of environment, giving as result the aging of its structures, systems and components. In this document the general process is described for the establishment of Aging Management Program developed by IAEA. Following the program methodology is guaranteed that a nuclear power plant manages the aging effects appropriately and to make decisions for its solution, assuring the characteristic functions of structures, systems and components of same nuclear power plant. On the other hand, the implantation of an aging management program constitutes the base for development of a licence renovation program, like it can be the specific case of the Central Laguna Verde Units 1 and 2. (Author)

  9. Tres patos ocasionales en la Sabana de Bogotá y la Laguna de Fúquene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borrero José Ignacio

    1944-12-01

    Full Text Available Agradezco al Dr. Armando Dugand la ayuda que se sirvió dispensarme para la presentación de este articulo. Creo de interes, para principiar, hacer una breve descripción de las condiciones de la Sabana de Bogotá y la Laguna de Fúquene, como localidades de paso o estacionamiento temporal para las especies migratorias de Anátidas.  La Sabana de Bogotá ocupa una vasta altiplanicie de unos 2000 kilómetros cuadrados a 2600 mts. de altura media, rodeada de montanas o cerros en toda su extensión y cruzada por pequeños rios. El rio Bogotá, que la atraviesa, forma en sus riberas y en casi toda su extensión grandes lagunas y pantanos apropiados para la llegada de los patos y otras aves acuáticas que anualmente vienen del Norte y otras regiones.

  10. Seismic qualification tests of fans of the NPP of Laguna Verde U-1 and U-2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jarvio C, G.; Garcia H, E. E.; Arguelles F, R.; Vela H, A.; Naranjo U, J. L.

    2013-10-01

    This work presents the results of the seismic qualification tests applied to the fans that will be installed in the control panels of the three divisions of the diesel generators of the nuclear power plant (NPP) of Laguna Verde, Unit-1 and Unit-2. This seismic qualification process of the fans was carried out using two specimens that were tested in the seismic table (vibrating) of the Engineering Institute of Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), in accordance with the requirements of the standard IEEE 344-1975, to satisfy the established requirements of seismic qualification in the technical specifications and normative documents required by the nuclear standards, in order to demonstrate its application in the diesel generators Divisions I, II and III of the NPP. The seismic qualification tests were developed on specimens that were retired of the NPP of Laguna Verde recently with a service life of 7.75 years. (Author)

  11. Start up and commercial operation of Laguna Verde nuclear power plant. Unit 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Torres Ramirez, J.F.

    1991-01-01

    Prior to start up of Laguna Verde nuclear power plant preoperational tests and start tests were performed and they are described in its more eminent aspects. In relation to commercial operation of nuclear station a series of indicator were set to which allow the measurement of performance in unit 1, in areas of plant efficiency and personal safety. Antecedents. Laguna Verde station is located in Alto Lucero municipality in Veracruz state, 70 kilometers north-northeast from port of Veracruz and a 290 kilometers east-northeast from Mexico city. The station consist of two units manufactured by General Electric, with a nuclear system of vapor supply also called boiling water (BWR/5), and with a system turbine-generator manufactured by Mitsubishi. Each unit has a nominal power of 1931 MWt and a level design power of 675 Mwe and a net power of 654 Electric Megawatts

  12. Analysis of internal events for the Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station. Appendixes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huerta B, A.; Lopez M, R.

    1995-01-01

    This volume contains the appendices for the accident sequences analysis for those internally initiated events for Laguna Verde Unit 1, Nuclear Power Plant. The appendix A presents the comments raised by the Sandia National Laboratories technical staff as a result of the review of the Internal Event Analysis for Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant. This review was performed during a joint Sandia/CNSNS multi-day meeting by the end 1992. Also included is a brief evaluation on the applicability of these comments to the present study. The appendix B presents the fault tree models printed for each of the systems included and.analyzed in the Internal Event Analysis for LVNPP. The appendice C presents the outputs of the TEMAC code, used for the cuantification of the dominant accident sequences as well as for the final core damage evaluation. (Author)

  13. Analysis of internal events for the Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station. Appendixes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huerta B, A.; Lopez M, R.

    1995-01-01

    This volume contains the appendices for the accident sequences analysis for those internally initiated events for Laguna Verde Unit 1, Nuclear Power Plant. The appendix A presents the comments raised by the Sandia National Laboratories technical staff as a result of the review of the Internal Event Analysis for Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant. This review was performed during a joint Sandia/CNSNS multi-day meeting by the end 1992. Also included is a brief evaluation on the applicability of these comments to the present study. The appendix B presents the fault tree models printed for each of the systems included and analyzed in the Internal Event Analysis for LVNPP. The appendice C presents the outputs of the TEMAC code, used for the cuantification of the dominant accident sequences as well as for the final core damage evaluation. (Author)

  14. Influence of a carp invasion on the zooplankton community in Laguna Medina, a Mediterranean shallow lake

    OpenAIRE

    Norbert, Florian; López-Luque, raquel; Ospina-Álvarez, Natalia; Hufnagel, Levente; Green, Andy J.

    2016-01-01

    The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a highly invasive species and an ecological engineer. It has been repeatedly shown to increase nutrient concentrations and phytoplankton biomass while destroying submerged macrophytes, although there are few studies from the Mediterranean region. We studied its impact on the zooplankton community in Laguna de Medina lake, a shallow lake in Jerez de la Frontera, south-west Spain. Carp were removed with rotenone in 2007 but returned in 2010-2011. ...

  15. Textural and geochemical features of freshwater microbialites from Laguna Bacalar, Quintana Roo, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Castro-Contreras, Set I.; Gingras, Murray K.; Pecoits, Ernesto; Aubet, Natalie R.; Petrash, Daniel; Castro-Contreras, Saulo M.; Dick, Gregory; Planavsky, Noah J.; Konhauser, Kurt O.

    2014-01-01

    Microbialites provide some of the oldest direct evidence of life on Earth. They reached their peak during the Proterozoic and declined afterward. Their decline has been attributed to grazing and/or burrowing by metazoans, to changes in ocean chemistry, or to competition with other calcifying organisms. The freshwater microbialites at Laguna Bacalar (Mexico) provide an opportunity to better understand microbialite growth in terms of interaction between grazing organisms versus calcium carb...

  16. Fuel failure at the Laguna Verde unit 1- during Cycle 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Espinosa Vega, Juan Manuel

    1996-01-01

    The present work describes the event occurred at the Laguna Verde nuclear power plants Unit 1 during its fourth cycle ensembles; the first failure, by means of a test of power suppression, and the second one, during the sipping accomplished in the four refuelling of the unit. Also it describes the re-evaluation of the event accomplished by the licenser, the manufacturer and the Mexican agency

  17. TRATAMIENTO DE EFLUENTES PISCÍCOLAS (TILAPIA ROJA EN LAGUNAS CON Azolla pinnata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUILLERMO CHAUX F

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Los sistemas con plantas acuáticas flotantes son una alternativa económicamente sostenible para el tratamiento de efluentes piscícolas. Se evaluó a escala piloto el desempeñ,o de un sistema de lagunas con Azolla pinnata en serie para el tratamiento de efluentes de cría de tilapia roja durante el proceso de levante y engorde. El sistema construido en la piscícola La Yunga (Popayán, Colombia consistió en dos líneas de cinco lagunas en serie; la primera con A. pinnata y la segunda sin la planta acuática; cada laguna se operó con un tiempo de detención de un día. La evaluación se realizó en época seca. La producción de Azolla fresca osciló entre 42 y 87 g/m2.d y el contenido de proteína entre 18,5% y 20,4%. Las eficiencias de remoción obtenidas en las líneas (con Azolla, sin Azolla fueron respectivamente: 56% y 46% DBO5; 49% y 26% DQO; 56% y 33% SST; 28% y 36% N-NTK; -108% y 23% N-NH4+; 64% y 34% fósforo total, mostrando superioridad del sistema con Azolla. Con solo tres lagunas en serie plantadas con A. pinnata se alcanzan las eficiencias máximas obtenidas en la remoción de DBO5, DQO, SST y fósforo total.

  18. Ceratopetalum (Cunoniaceae) fruits of Australasian affinity from the early Eocene Laguna del Hunco flora, Patagonia, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandolfo, María A; Hermsen, Elizabeth J

    2017-03-01

    Radially symmetrical, five-winged fossil fruits from the highly diverse early Eocene Laguna del Hunco flora of Chubut Province, Patagonia, Argentina, are named, described and illustrated. The main goals are to assess the affinities of the fossils and to place them in an evolutionary, palaeoecological and biogeographic context. Specimens of fossil fruits were collected from the Tufolitas Laguna del Hunco. They were prepared, photographed and compared with similar extant and fossil fruits using published literature. Their structure was also evaluated by comparing them with that of modern Ceratopetalum (Cunoniaceae) fruits through examination of herbarium specimens. The Laguna del Hunco fossil fruits share the diagnostic features that characterize modern and fossil Ceratopetalum (symmetry, number of fruit wings, presence of a conspicuous floral nectary and overall venation pattern). The pattern of the minor wing (sepal) veins observed in the Patagonian fossil fruits is different from that of modern and previously described fossil Ceratopetalum fruits; therefore, a new fossil species is recognized. An apomorphy (absence of petals) suggests that the fossils belong within crown-group Ceratopetalum . The Patagonian fossil fruits are the oldest known record for Ceratopetalum . Because the affinities, provenance and age of the fossils are so well established, this new Ceratopetalum fossil species is an excellent candidate for use as a calibration point in divergence dating studies of the family Cunoniaceae. It represents the only record of Ceratopetalum outside Australasia, and further corroborates the biogeographic connection between the Laguna del Hunco flora and ancient and modern floras of the Australasian region. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Annals of Botany Company.

  19. Proposal for implementation of alternative source term in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bazan L, A.; Lopez L, M.; Vargas A, A.; Cardenas J, J. B.

    2009-10-01

    In 2010 the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde will implement the extended power upbeat in both units of the plant. Agree with methodology of NEDC-33004P-A, (constant pressure power up rate), and the source term of core, for accidents evaluations, were increased in proportion to the ratio of power level. This means that for the case of a design basis accident of loss of coolant an increase of power of 15% originated an increase of 15% in dose to main control room. Using the method of NEDC-33004P-A to extended power upbeat conditions was determined that the dose value to main control room is very near to regulatory limit established by SRP 6.4. By the above and in order to recover the margin, the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde will calculate an alternative source term following the criteria established in RG 1.183 (alternative radiological source term for evaluating DBA at nuclear power reactor). This approach also have a more realistic dose value using the criterion of 10-CFR-50.67, in addition is predicted to get the benefit of additional operational flexibilities. This paper present the proposal of implementing the alternative source term in Laguna Verde. (Author)

  20. Correlation and Fishers’ Perception in Selected Sites in Laguna de Bay, Luzon Island, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur J. Lagbas

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available White goby (Glossogobius giuris Hamilton 1822 is an omnivorous, native fish species which can be found in Laguna de Bay and its tributaries, and in other bodies of water in the Philippines. Deteriorating water quality, unsustainable fishing practices, aquaculture and predation by introduced invasive species are threatening the population of white goby and other native fish species in Laguna de Bay. This study was conducted to correlate select physico-chemical parameters of lake water and zooplankton abundance, and to assess white goby population based on fishers’ perception. Water samples were collected in three sites in June, September and December 2014. Twenty one zooplankton species belonging to 12 families were identified. The most abundant and frequently encountered zooplankton species is Eurytemora affinis Poppe 1880. Zooplanktons were most abundant in June and lowest in September. Key informant interviews with local fishers revealed that white goby population was abundant in April to August while catch report showed that fish catch is abundant in June and least during December. The fish abundance in April to June could be attributed to high productivity especially in summer season. The fishers perceived that the population of white goby was declining mainly due to water pollution, aquaculture, and predation by invasive alien species. A multi-stakeholder sustainable watershed management should be adapted to improve the water quality and extinction of native fish species in Laguna de Bay.

  1. Radiocarbon dating of the Peruvian Chachapoya/Inca site at the Laguna de los Condores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wild, E.M.; Kutschera, W.; Seidler, H.; Steier, P.; Guillen, S.

    2005-01-01

    Full text: An archaeological site with several funerary houses built in the cliffs of the Laguna de los Condores by the Chachapoya people was discovered in 1997 in the cloud forest at a sea level of 2500 m in the Amazonas/San Martin area in Peru. The Chachapoya people and their culture is not fully understood until now and some myths entwine around the origin of that South American ancient civilisation. The Chachapoya are described as people of warriors, which were finally subdued by the Incas. A typical characteristic of their culture is the special burial of their dead in funeral bundles containing the remains of the bodies. At the Laguna de los Condores more that 200 mummies have been found and transferred to Leymebamba. During the rescue work of the mummies, which were in danger to be destroyed by looters, it turned out that two different burial patterns could be detected. It is assumed, that after conquering of the Chachapoyas, the Inca people took over also the burial cliff houses and used it for their own burials. The Incas themselves were subdued by the Spanish Conquistadors in 1532 AD. In order to shed light on the transition from the Chachapoya to the Inka dominance, which is connected with the history of the Laguna de los Condores funeral site, a multidisciplinary project between archaeologists, anthropologists and physicists has been started. VERA contributes to this project with several radiocarbon dates of archaeological objects and of the mummies from this Chachapoya/Inca site. (author)

  2. DISTRIBUSI HUTAN BAKAU DI LAGUNA PANTAI SELATAN YOGYAKARTA (Mangrove Distribution at the Lagoons in the Southern Coast of Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjut Sugandawaty Djohan

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK  Kehadiran sisa hutan bakau di laguna Bogowonto, pantai selatan Yogyakarta menunjukkan bahwa pada masa lalu laguna tersebut didominasi oleh hutan bakau, sehingga penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari kehadiran vegetasi bakau di laguna-laguna dan muara sungai di pantai selatan tersebut. Ada empat laguna di pantai Selatan Yogyakarta, laguna Bogowonto, Serang, Progo, Opak, dan satu muara sungai, Kali Baron. Laguna tersebut merupakan laguna internitten, artinya pada musim kemarau, mulut sungainya tertutup gumuk pasir dan laguna didominasi oleh perairan tawar dan merupakan ekosistem tergenang. Sebaliknya di musim hujan mulut sungai terbuka, laguna bersifat sebagai ekosistem pasang surut. Data vegetasi dicuplik dengan menggunakan kuadrat plot berukuran 10m x 20m dengan ulangan dua kali. Kuadrat plot ditempatkan pada pusat distribusi mangrovenya, yang dipilih mulai dari rawa burit ke arah muara sungai. Tekstur tanah, hara tanah, salinitas air dan hara air juga dikaji. Kehadiran hutan bakau di laguna dibatasi oleh tekstur tanah. Tekstur pasir, 60-99 %, mendominasi laguna Serang, Progo, Opak dan muara kali Baron. Komunitas bakau hanya ditemukan di laguna Bogowonto, yang tersusun atas 5 jenis bakau, Sonneratia alba, Nypa fruticans, Acanthus ilicifolius, Acrosticum sp., dan Derris heterophylla, dan dua jenis spesies peralihan, Pandanus sp. dan Cynodon dactylon. Pola distribusi komunitasnya mengelompok (clump, mempunyai tipe riverine mangrove,dan tidak membentuk zonasi. Sonneratia hadir mulai dari muara sungai sampai di rawa burit. Ketika air surut salinitas berkisar antara 0-6,5 %. Nypa hanya ditemukan satu kelompok di kaki gumuk. Distribusi Sonneratia tidak ditentukan oleh tinggi genangan, akan tetapi tinggi pneumatophor mengikuti pola tinggi genangan air. Di laguna Bogowonto, spesies bakau tidak mempunyai zonasi dan beradaptasi pada sistem ekologinya.   ABSTRACT  The presence of mangrove remnant at the lagoon of Bogowonto River in the southern

  3. Modernization and power uprate of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (Mexico); Modernizacion y aumento de potencia de la Central Nuclear Laguna Verde (Mexico)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruiz, L.; Merino, A.; Garcia-Serrano, J. L.

    2012-11-01

    The objective of this project is to perform the modifications on the thermal cycle of the plant required by an Extended Power Update, to achieve a safe and reliable operation of the plant at 120% of its original thermal power. The scope includes the design, engineering, training, supply of equipment, dismantling, installation, testing and commissioning. The duration of the project is 4,5 years (2007-2011), and all the modifications have been implemented in four outages, two per unit. The main modification carried out are the change of the condenser, moisture separator and main steam reheaters, the feedwater haters, the turbogenerator and its auxiliaries, transformers, isolated phase bus and main circuit breaker, etc. In this paper, the results obtained after all the modifications will be introduced. In addition, the most representative experience will be presented, as well as the lessons learned during the Project execution. (Author)

  4. Modernization and power increase nuclear power plant Laguna Verde (Mexico); Modernizacion y aumento de potencia de la central nuclear Laguna Verde (Mexico)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia-Serrano, J. L.; Merino, A.; Ruiz Gutierrez, L.

    2011-07-01

    The objective of this project is to perform the modifications on the thermal cycle of the plant required by an Extended Power Uprate, to achieve a safe and reliable operation of the plant at 120% of its original thermal power. The scope includes the design, engineering training, supply of equipment, dismantling, installation, testing and commissioning. The duration of the project is 4 years (82007-2010), and all the modifications have been implemented in four outages, two per unit. The main modification carried out are the change of the condenser, moisture separator and main steam reheaters, the feedwater haters, the turbogenerator and its auxiliaries, transformers, isolated phase bus and main circuit breaker, etc. (Author)

  5. Botanical ecology and conservation of the Laguna de la Herrera (Sabana de Bogotá, Colombia Botanical ecology and conservation of the Laguna de la Herrera (Sabana de Bogotá, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wijninga V. M.

    1989-09-01

    Full Text Available The acuatic, helophytic and pleustophytic vegetation of the Laguna de La Herrera, on the southwestern border of the high plain of Bogotá at 2550 m was studied following the Zurich- Montpellier approach. The communities recognized were: terrestrial community of Phytolacca bogotensis; helophytic communities of scirpus californicus and Typha angustifolia ; scirpus californicus ; Polygonum punctatum ; Rumex obtusifolius with Polygonum punctatum; Bidens laevis ; Hydrocotyle ranunculoides. Pleustophytic communities of Limnobium laevigatum; Azolla filiculoides with Lemna cf. gibba and Eichornia crassipes. The structure, floristic composition and ecological aspects were also considered. Several recommendations about conservation of the Laguna are given. Se estudió la vegetación alrededor de la Laguna de La Herrera, una laguna andina a 2550 m. Se diferenciaron una comunidad de Phytolacca bogotensis (1: comunidades helofíticas dominadas por: Scirpus californicus y Typha angustifolia (2; Scirpus californicus (3; Polygonum punctatum (4; Rumex obtusifolius y Polygonum punctatum (5; Bidens laevis (6; Hydrocotyle ranunculoides (7; comunidades pleustofíticas con: Limnobium laevigatum; (8; Azolla filiculoides y Lemna cf. gibba (9 y Eichhornia crassipes (10. Se registraron la estructura, composición florística, los rasgos ecológicos y la distribución de las comunidades y se comparó con la conductividad eléctrica y la calidad del agua. Finalmente, se hacen recomendaciones para la conservación de la laguna y la vegetación acuática.

  6. Subsidence of the Laguna Salada Basin, northeastern Baja California, Mexico, inferred from Milankovitch climatic changes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Contreras, Juan; Martin-Barajas, Arturo [Departamento de Geologia, CICESE, Ensenada Baja California (Mexico); Herguera, Juan Carlos [Division de Oceanologia, CICESE, Ensenada Baja California (Mexico)

    2005-01-15

    Laguna Salada in northern Baja California, Mexico, is an active half-graben product of the trans-tensional tectonics of the Gulf of California. It is sensitive to changes in sediment supply from the Colorado River basin. We present a time series analysis of the upper 980 m of a gamma-ray log from a borehole drilled near the Laguna Salada fault. The power spectrum of the gammaray log resembles the spectrum of {delta}{sup 1}8{omicron} Pleistocene isotopic variations from ice cores and from the deep ocean, known to be strongly controlled by Milankovitch cycles. We correlate {delta}{sup 1}8{omicron} stages with silty and sandy intervals in the log. Downcore ages for the last 780 ky are constrained within {approx}10 kyr. We derive a simple time vs. depth calibration relation for the basin over this time interval. Estimated sedimentation rates at the drill site appear to be constant with a value of {approx}1.6 mm/yr. We propose that this subsidence rate is produced by the Laguna Salada fault. [Spanish] La cuenca de Laguna Salada en el norte de Baja California, Mexico, es un semigraben activo producto de la tectonica ranstensional del Golfo de California. Esta cuenca endorreica es sensible a cambios en sedimentacion por variaciones en el aporte e sedimentos de fuentes cercanas y distales transportados por arroyos de las sierras adyacentes y por el Rio Colorado. Esta cuenca es un sitio excepcional para explorar el uso de cambios climaticos ciclicos como herramienta de datacion y estimar tasas de sedimentacion y subsidencia en el area. Para demostrar esto se presenta un analisis de series de tiempo de un registro de rayos de gama de un pozo geotermico exploratorio perforado adyacente a la falla de Laguna Salada, la cual limita el margen oriental de la cuenca. Los resultados del analisis indican que el espectro de los primeros 980 m del registro de rayos gama tiene una alta coherencia con el espectro de registros isotopicos paleoclimaticos de {delta}{sup 1}8{omicron} del

  7. Aves ocasionales en la Sabana de Bogotá y las Lagunas de Fúquene y de Tota

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borrero José Ignacio

    1947-12-01

    Full Text Available En números anteriores de esta misma revista publiqué algunas listas preliminares anotando la presencia ocasional de ciertas aves en la Sabana de Bogotá y la Laguna de Fúquene. A continuación hago mención de otras especies que he encontrado en las mismas localidades o también en la Laguna de Tota, Boyacá, a 3015 metros de altitud. Por considerarlo de importancia desde el punto de vista de la distribución geográfica, doy también datos referentes a la presencia de un ave migratoria norteamericana (Colymbus niqricollis californicus en la Laguna de Tota.

  8. Contaminación producida por piscicultura intensiva en lagunas andinas de Junín, Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Mariano

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Se reportan los cambios producidos por el cultivo intensivo de la trucha Oncorhynchus mykiss en siete lagunas andinas. Las observaciones se realizaron en el año 1996, y entre el 2002 - 2007 y permitieron observar el proceso de deterioro de las lagunas, caracterizado por el incremento en las concentraciones de fosforo total y la disminución del oxigeno disuelto y la transparencia. La comunidad béntica fue evaluada en las siete lagunas en el 2007, resultando el número de especies y los índices de diversidad bajos (H'<1,26; <8 spp.. La abundancia varió entre 7 y 35 ind./0,04m2. La materia orgánica y carbonatos en fondo fueron altos (30,22 - 42,45%.

  9. Electrical Systems at Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (LVNPP) after the Fukushima accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lopez Jimenez, Jose Francisco

    2015-01-01

    During the accident occurred in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in Japan, the onsite and offsite electrical systems were affected and lost for a long time with irreversible consequences, therefore, the Mexican Regulatory Body known as the National Commission for Nuclear Safety and Safeguards (CNSNS: for its acronym in Spanish) has taken several actions to review the current capacity of the electrical systems installed at Laguna Verde NPP to cope with an event beyond of the design basis. The first action was to require to Laguna Verde NPP the compliance with Information Notice 2011-05 'Tohoku-Taiheiyou-Oki earthquake effects on Japanese Nuclear Power Plants' and with 10 CFR 50.54 'Conditions of licenses' section 'hh', both documents were issued by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC). Additionally, CNSNS has taken into account the response actions emitted by other countries after the Fukushima accident. This involved the review of documents generated by Germany, Canada, United Arab Emirates, Finland, France, the United Kingdom and the Western European Nuclear Regulator's Association (WENRA). CNSNS made special inspections to verify the current capacity of the electrical systems of AC and DC. As a result of these inspections, CNSNS issued requirements that must be addressed by Laguna Verde NPP to demonstrate that it has the capacity to cope with events beyond the design basis. Parallel to the above, Mexico has participated in the Ibero-american Forum to address matters related to the 'Resistance Tests', the evaluations of the Forum have reached similar conclusions to those required by European Nuclear Safety Regulators Group (ENSREG), under the format proposed by WENRA. The actions carried out here are closely linked to the requirements established by the USNRC. It is also important to mention that: 1) the Extended Power Up-rate project was implemented in both Units of the Laguna Verde NPP before

  10. Internal event analysis for Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant. Accident sequence quantification and results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huerta B, A.; Aguilar T, O.; Nunez C, A.; Lopez M, R.

    1994-01-01

    The Level 1 results of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant PRA are presented in the I nternal Event Analysis for Laguna Verde Unit 1 Nuclear Power Plant, CNSNS-TR 004, in five volumes. The reports are organized as follows: CNSNS-TR 004 Volume 1: Introduction and Methodology. CNSNS-TR4 Volume 2: Initiating Event and Accident Sequences. CNSNS-TR 004 Volume 3: System Analysis. CNSNS-TR 004 Volume 4: Accident Sequence Quantification and Results. CNSNS-TR 005 Volume 5: Appendices A, B and C. This volume presents the development of the dependent failure analysis, the treatment of the support system dependencies, the identification of the shared-components dependencies, and the treatment of the common cause failure. It is also presented the identification of the main human actions considered along with the possible recovery actions included. The development of the data base and the assumptions and limitations in the data base are also described in this volume. The accident sequences quantification process and the resolution of the core vulnerable sequences are presented. In this volume, the source and treatment of uncertainties associated with failure rates, component unavailabilities, initiating event frequencies, and human error probabilities are also presented. Finally, the main results and conclusions for the Internal Event Analysis for Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant are presented. The total core damage frequency calculated is 9.03x 10-5 per year for internal events. The most dominant accident sequences found are the transients involving the loss of offsite power, the station blackout accidents, and the anticipated transients without SCRAM (ATWS). (Author)

  11. Participation of the ININ in the external radiological emergency plan of the Laguna Verde power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martinez S, R.; Cervini L, A.

    1991-01-01

    The planning of performances in radiological emergencies, with the object of reducing the consequences as much as possible on the population to accidental liberations of radioactive material coming from Nuclear power plant, it has been of main interest in the nuclear community in the world. In Mexico it has not been the exception, since with the setting in march of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant exists an executive program of planning for emergencies that it outlines the activities to follow trending to mitigate the consequences that are derived of this emergency. As integral part of this program this the External Plan of Radiological Emergency (PERE) that covers the emergencies that could leave the frontiers of the Laguna Verde power plant. In the PERE it settles down the planning, address and control of the preparation activities, response and recovery in emergencies, as well as the organization and coordination of the institutions that participate. The National Institute of Nuclear Research (ININ), like integral part of these institutions in the PERE, has an infrastructure that it allows to participate in the plan in a direct way in the activities of 'Control of the radiological exhibition the response personnel and control of water and foods' and of support way and consultant ship in the activities of 'Monitoring, Classification and decontamination of having evaluated' and 'Specialized medical radiological attention'. At the moment the ININ has a radiological mobile unit and this conditioning a second mobile unit to carry out part of the activities before mentioned; also accounts with 48 properly qualified people that directly intervene in the plan. In order to guarantee an adequate response in the PERE an organization it has been structured like that of the annex as for the personnel, transport, team, procedures and communication system, with the objective always of guaranteeing the security and the population's health in emergency situations in the

  12. Eficiencia del tratamiento de residuales porcinos en digestores de laguna tapada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D Blanco

    Full Text Available Se evaluó la eficiencia de dos lagunas tapadas, diseñadas para tratar los residuales de las granjas porcinas P-3 y T-2.1 _pertenecientes a la Asociación de Porcicultores de Yucatán, México_, con el objetivo de verificar la factibilidad de implementar en Cuba esta tecnología. Los indicadores físico-químicos y microbiológicos de los efluentes fueron determinados en el momento de su entrada y su salida de los digestores, y a su salida del lago de estabilización. El digestor de la granja P-3 logró remover más del 90 % de la demanda química de oxígeno (DQO y hasta el 71 % de los sólidos suspendidos totales (SST presentes; mientras que el digestor de la granja T-2.1 alcanzó una remoción del 78 % en la DQO y el 62 % de los SST. Los análisis sanitarios indicaron que las bacterias coliformes totales presentaron una disminución importante, de 2,4 x 108 a 1,7 x 103 en la granja P-3 y de 4,2 x 107 a 2,7 x 103 en la granja T-2.1. En ambas lagunas, los huevos de helmintos mostraron una reducción del 100 %. Se concluye que las lagunas tapadas tuvieron un adecuado desempeño en el tratamiento de los residuales porcinos, y que esta tecnología es factible de ser empleada en Cuba.

  13. DETERMINACIÓN DE LOS METALES PESADOS EN LA LAGUNA CHOQUENE, QUILCAPUNCO – PUTINA – PUNO

    OpenAIRE

    Machaca Hancco, Ernesto Samuel; Universidad Nacional del Altiplano

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación  se ha efectuado en la mina Regina Palca 11, con el objetivo de determinar la concentración de los metales pesados y el grado de toxicidad en la Laguna Choquene Quilcapunco Putina. La  metodología  aplicada fue analítica experimental y descriptiva de las tareas de investigación propuesta en el presente trabajo en los tres puntos de muestreo. El comportamiento geoquímico de los metales pesados (de arsénico, cobre, plomo, plata), en los diques de colas y esc...

  14. Environmental geology of Laguna de las Perdices, Monte, Buenos Aires, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Dangavs, Nauris Vitauts

    2009-01-01

    El estudio de la laguna de las Perdices abarca tres aspectos: el geolimnológico, el geoambiental y el de remediación. El primero ha consistido en caracterizar el medio físico de un ambiente léntico típico de la Pampasia meridional prácticamente desconocido. El segundo, la evaluación del grado de deterioro natural y la contaminación físico-química y bacteriológica. El tercero propicia las medidas para su recuperación, máxime teniendo en cuenta que el Municipio de Monte pretende transformarla e...

  15. Geología ambiental de la laguna de las Perdices, Monte, Buenos Aires, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Nauris Dangavs

    2010-01-01

    El estudio de la laguna de las Perdices abarca tres aspectos: el geolimnológico, el geoambiental y el de remediación. El primero ha consistido en caracterizar el medio físico de un ambiente léntico típico de la Pampasia meridional prácticamente desconocido. El segundo, la evaluación del grado de deterioro natural y la contaminación físico-química y bacteriológica. El tercero propicia las medidas para su recuperación, máxime teniendo en cuenta que el Municipio de Monte pretende transformarla e...

  16. Quality assurance evolution at Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant Unit 1 and 2, regulatory aspects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leon Martinez, Cenobia

    1996-01-01

    Quality Assurance (QA) in Mexico started with the construction of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant. The Nuclear Regulatory Body, based in the adopted regulation, required the use of Quality Assurance in the design, construction and operation of the Plant. This paper describes the evolution of QA from its beginnings, through its developing phase up to this time, and shows the role of the Regulatory Body, which has participated actively in the implantation of QA in a properly manner, enforcing the utility in avoiding deviations and non-compliancies with the established regulation. (author)

  17. Salida de campo a Laguna de Duero (Valladolid) el 14 de febrero de 1951

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Laguna de Duero, en la provincia de Valladolid, durante la mañana del 14 de febrero de 1951, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Accipiter nisus (Gavilán común, también llamado Astur palumbarius por el autor), Anas penelope (Silbón europeo), Anas platyrhynchos (Ánade azulón), Anser anser (Ánsar común), Anthus sp. (Bisbita), Ciconia ciconia (Cigüeña blanca), Clamator glandarius (Críalo europeo), Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Picogordo), Corvus coro...

  18. Current situation of spent fuel management in the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant, Veracruz, Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moreno, C.V.

    1994-01-01

    The Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), owner and operator of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant (2 x 654 MWe BWR), has twice decided to increase the storage capacity of the spent fuel pools of the reactors. The Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS), the national nuclear regulatory authority, approved the increase by a factor of 2.66 in the storage capacity proposal by CFE in 1989. Each reactor spent fuel pool can now hold 614 t HM. The reracking was done at a cost of about US $13 per kg U, which will add only 0.042 mills per kWh to the fuel cycle cost. (author)

  19. Participation of the research institutes in the safety aspects of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sanchez G, J.

    1991-01-01

    The main activities undertaken by two research institutes of Mexico, the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas and the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, related to the safety of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant, are described. Among these activities, the development of a system for data acquisition and analysis during pre-operational tests, the design and construction of a full-scope simulator, the in-core fuel management and the establishment of an equipment qualification laboratory, stand out. It is considered that there exists a large potential for further participation. (author)

  20. Niebla ceruchis from Laguna Figueroa: dimorphic spore morphology and secondary compounds localized in pycnidia and apothecia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enzien, M.; Margulis, L.

    1988-01-01

    During and after the floods of 1979-80 Niebla ceruchis growing epiphytically on Lycium brevipes was one of the dominant aspects of the vegetation in the coastal dunal complex bordering the microbial mats at Laguna Figueroa, Baja California Norte, Mexico. The lichen on denuded branches of Lycium was far more extensively distributed than Lycium lacking lichen. Unusual traits of this Niebla ceruchis strain, namely localization of lichen compounds in the mycobiont reproductive structures (pycnidia and apothecia) and simultaneous presence of bilocular and quadrilocular ascospores, are reported. The abundance of this coastal lichen cover at the microbial mat site has persisted through April 1988.

  1. Modernization of electric power systems of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gabaldon, M. A.; Gonzalez, J. J.; Prieto, I.

    2011-01-01

    The Power Increase Project of Laguna Verde Nuclear Plant has entailed the replacement, in one unique outage, of the main power electrical systems of the Plant (Isolated Phase Bars, Generator Circuit Breaker and Main Transformer) as well as the replacement of the Turbo-group. The simultaneous substitution of these entire system has never been done by any other Plant in the world, representing an engineering challenge that embraced the design of the new equipment up to the planning, coordination and management of the construction and commissioning works, which were successfully carried out by Iberdrola within the established outage period /47 days) for both units. (Author)

  2. Rock Magnetic Properties of Laguna Carmen (Tierra del Fuego, Argentina): Implications for Paleomagnetic Reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gogorza, C. G.; Orgeira, M. J.; Ponce, F.; Fernández, M.; Laprida, C.; Coronato, A.

    2013-05-01

    We report preliminary results obtained from a multi-proxy analysis including paleomagnetic and rock-magnetic studies of two sediment cores of Laguna Carmen (53°40'60" S 68°19'0" W, ~83m asl) in the semiarid steppe in northern Tierra del Fuego island, Southernmost Patagonia, Argentina. Two short cores (115 cm) were sampled using a Livingstone piston corer during the 2011 southern fall. Sediments are massive green clays (115 to 70 cm depth) with irregularly spaced thin sandy strata and lens. Massive yellow clay with thin sandy strata continues up to 30 cm depth; from here up to 10 cm yellow massive clays domain. The topmost 10 cm are mixed yellow and green clays with fine sand. Measurements of intensity and directions of Natural Remanent Magnetization (NRM), magnetic susceptibility, isothermal remanent magnetization, saturation isothermal remanent magnetization (SIRM), back field and anhysteretic remanent magnetization at 100 mT (ARM100mT) were performed and several associated parameters calculated (ARM100mT/k and SIRM/ ARM100mT). Also, as a first estimate of relative magnetic grain-size variations, the median destructive field of the NRM (MDFNRM), was determined. Additionally, we present results of magnetic parameters measured with vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The stability of the NRM was analyzed by alternating field demagnetization. The magnetic properties have shown variable values, showing changes in both grain size and concentration of magnetic minerals. It was found that the main carrier of remanence is magnetite with the presence of hematite in very low percentages. This is the first paleomagnetic study performed in lakes located in the northern, semiarid fuegian steppe, where humid-dry cycles have been interpreted all along the Holocene from an aeolian paleosoil sequence (Orgeira et el, 2012). Comparison between paleomagnetic records of Laguna Carmen and results obtained in earlier studies carried out at Laguna Potrok Aike (Gogorza et al., 2012

  3. Fitoplancton y aspectos físicos y químicos de la laguna de Chingaza en Cundinamarca, Colombia Fitoplancton y aspectos físicos y químicos de la laguna de Chingaza en Cundinamarca, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donato R. John Charles

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available En la laguna de Chingaza (3265 m alt. Cordillera Oriental Colombiana, se realizaron muestreos de fitoplancton, mediciones de temperatura, oxígeno y parámetros físicos y químicos. La comunidad de fitoplancton comprende principalmente Desmidiaceae, Bacillariophyceae, y Cyanophyceae: La Desmidiacea Closterium sp. es la dominante durante la mayor parte del muestreo, pero en octubre (1989 la Cianofícea Oscillatoria sp. es la más significativa. En esta misma época la laguna presenta estratificación térmica y deficiencia de nitrógeno en sus aguas. Debido a los bajos valores en la relación nitrógeno/fósforo, conductividad, sólidos disueltos, acidez y ciertos organismos indicadores la laguna de chingaza es oligotrófica. At the Chingaza pond (3.265 m alt., located on the eastern Colombian cordillera, samples and measurements of temperature, oxygen, and physical-chemical parameters were taken. Phytoplankton community mainly consisted of Desmidiaceae, Bacillariophyceae, and Cyanophceae. Desmidiaceae species dominated in most samples, but in october (1989 Oscillatoria sp. (Cyanophyceae was the most abundant species. During the latter period the laguna exhibited strong thermal stratification and its inorganic nitrogen content was extremely low. It is believed that this is a good example of an oligotrophic pond given the presence of certain bioindicators, the low nitrogen/phosphorus ratio, conductivity, and quantity of suspended solids.

  4. Estimation of fast neutron fluence in steel specimens type Laguna Verde in TRIGA Mark III reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Galicia A, J.; Francois L, J. L.; Aguilar H, F.

    2015-09-01

    The main purpose of this work is to obtain the fluence of fast neutrons recorded within four specimens of carbon steel, similar to the material having the vessels of the BWR reactors of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde when subjected to neutron flux in a experimental facility of the TRIGA Mark III reactor, calculating an irradiation time to age the material so accelerated. For the calculation of the neutron flux in the specimens was used the Monte Carlo code MCNP5. In an initial stage, three sheets of natural molybdenum and molybdenum trioxide (MoO 3 ) were incorporated into a model developed of the TRIGA reactor operating at 1 M Wth, to calculate the resulting activity by setting a certain time of irradiation. The results obtained were compared with experimentally measured activities in these same materials to validate the calculated neutron flux in the model used. Subsequently, the fast neutron flux received by the steel specimens to incorporate them in the experimental facility E-16 of the reactor core model operating at nominal maximum power in steady-state was calculated, already from these calculations the irradiation time required was obtained for values of the neutron flux in the range of 10 18 n/cm 2 , which is estimated for the case of Laguna Verde after 32 years of effective operation at maximum power. (Author)

  5. The continuous improvement system of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rivera C, A.

    2009-10-01

    This paper describes the continuous improvement system of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde and the achievements in implementing the same and additionally two study cases are presents. In February 2009 is noteworthy because the World Association of Nuclear Operators we identified as a learning organization, qualification which shows that the continuous improvement system has matured, and this system will expose as I get to learn to capitalize on our own experiences and external experiences diffused by the nuclear industry. In 2007 the management of nuclear power plants integrates its improvement systems and calls it continuous improvement system and is presented in the same extensive report that won the National Quality Award. This system is made up of 5 subsystems operating individually and are also related 1) human performance; 2) referential comparison or benchmarking; 3) self-assessment; 4) corrective action and 5) external operating experience. Five subsystems that plan, generate, capture, manage, communicate and protect the knowledge generated during the processes execution of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, as well as from external sources. The target set in 2007 was to increase the intellectual capital to always give response to meeting the security requirements, but creating a higher value to quality, customer, environment protection and society. In brief each of them, highlighting the objective, expectations management, implementation and some benefits. At the end they will describe two study cases selected to illustrate these cases as the organization learns by their continuous improvement system. (Author)

  6. Validation of the thermal balance of Laguna Verde turbine under conditions of extended power increase

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castaneda G, M. A.; Cruz B, H. J.; Mercado V, J. J.; Cardenas J, J. B.; Garcia de la C, F. M.

    2012-10-01

    The present work is a continuation of the task: Modeling of the vapor cycle of Laguna Verde with the PEPSE code to conditions of thermal power licensed at present (2027 MWt) in which the modeling of the vapor cycle of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde was realized with PEPSE code (Performance Evaluation of Power System Efficiencies). Once reached the conditions of nominal operation of extended power increase, operating both units to 2371 MWt; after the tests phase of starting-up and operation is necessary to carry out a verification of the proposed design of the vapor cycle for the new operation conditions. All this, having in consideration that the vapor cycle designer only knows the detail of the prospective performance of the main turbine, for all the other components (for example pumps, heat inter changers, valves, reactor, humidity separators and re-heaters, condensers, etc.) makes generic suppositions based on engineering judgment. This way carries out the calculations of thermal balance to determine the guaranteed gross power. The purpose of the present work is to comment the detail of the validation carried out of the specific thermal balance (thermal kit) of the nuclear power plant, making use of the design characteristics of the different components that conform the vapor cycle. (Author)

  7. TRATAMIENTO DE LODOS DE FONDO DE LAGUNAS FACULTATIVAS CON ESTABILIZACIÓN EN CONDICIONES DE LABORATORIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhon Jairo Feria Diaz

    Full Text Available En este artículo se muestran los resultados obtenidos en el proceso de estabilización química de lodos de lagunas de estabilización, mediante la adición de cal hidratada común. Se adicionaron en condiciones controladas de laboratorio, dosis de cal al 5 %, 7 %, 9 %, 10 %, 11 %, 12 % y 15 % a una muestra de lodos de fondo de la laguna primaria del sistema de tratamiento de aguas residuales de la ciudad de Montería, Colombia. Se analizaron la peligrosidad del lodo (corrosividad, inflamabilidad y reactividad y las concentraciones de sulfuros, metales pesados (As, Ba, Cd, Cr, Hg, Ag, Pb, Se, coliformes, salmonella, bacterias mesófilas, áscaris y otros helmintos, antes y después de aplicar una dosis optima al 10%. Con esta dosis se logró controlar la reactividad por sulfuros y cianuros, pero no se redujeron las concentraciones de coliformes y de bacterias mesófilas. Algunos metales pesados (Cd, Cr, Hg, Ag, Pb aumentaron luego de la aplicación de la dosis de cal hidratada, aunque las concentraciones halladas no constituyen peligro ambiental, de acuerdo a la normatividad ambiental vigente.

  8. A radiation monitoring system model for the Laguna Verde nuclear power training simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ocampo, M.H.; DeAlbornoz, B.A.

    1988-01-01

    A model for the Radiation Monitoring System of the Laguna Verde Boiling Water Reactor training simulator is presented. This model comprises enough definitions to assure interactions with the processes related, directly or indirectly, with the transport of radioisotopes. It is capable of following a dynamic behavior of the plant so an operator could be trained to become aware of nuclear radiation hazards. The model is composed of three parts: the electronics for the Process and Area Radiation Monitoring System; a lumped parameter transport model for the most representative radioisotopes; and the interactions with the modeled processes as well as with process not being simulated. The first part represents the radiation monitor controls in the vertical board panels of the nuclear station. The second part allows the carrying of nuclear isotopes between processes. The third part defines the way that the process interacts with the electronics at the point of release to environment or the point of detection. Each part of the model has been tested individually, and the transport model has been incorporated as a part of each process required to simulate nuclear radiation. The model parameters has been calculated using typical BWR nuclear radiation data, and Laguna Verde heat balance data at 100% design power. However, tunning will be necessary once the Simulator is integrated and tested. The tunning allows each detecting channel to behave as expected

  9. Experiences with the technical cooperation project TC MEX 04/53. Evaluation of the integrity and extension of life of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant. Management program of the plant life (PLIM)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arganis J, C.R.; Aguilar T, J.A.; Guevara M, A.; Garcia M, C.; Martinez G, R.R.; Griz C, M.M.; Sanchez M, M.A.; Diaz O, R.C.

    2006-01-01

    In the biennium 2005-2006 the project of technical cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency OIEA TC MEX 04/53 'Evaluation of the integrity and extension of life of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant Plant life handling program (PLIM)' was approved, which has as objective the one to begin the actions to apply the methodology of Handling of life of Plant (PLIM) in the Unit I (Ul) of the Laguna Verde Nucleo electric Central (CNLV), in order to obtain the Renovation of License (LR), in a long term (2020). To apply this methodology 5 systems they were selected, structures or components (SEC) to carry out the handling programs of the one aging (AMP), and PLIM which are: The encircling of the reactor core (Core Shroud), the pressure vessel of the reactor (Reactor Pressure Vessel), the one primary container (Primary Containment), the system of feeding water (Reactor Feed Water) and cables, which were not in this work to be of another nature. The report presents the more important aspects considered in these systems for their programs of AMP and PLIM, as like a revision of those selection processes and evaluation (screening and scoping) for the application of PLIM in the systems of the Ul of the CNLV. (Author)

  10. Experiences with the technical cooperation project TC MEX 04/53. Evaluation of the integrity and extension of life of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant. Management program of the plant life (PLIM); Experiencias con el proyecto de cooperacion tecnica TC MEX 04/53. Evaluacion de la integridad y extension de vida de la planta de potencia nuclear Laguna Verde. Programa de Manejo de vida de planta (PLIM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arganis J, C.R.; Aguilar T, J.A. [ININ, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Guevara M, A.; Garcia M, C.; Martinez G, R.R.; Griz C, M.M.; Sanchez M, M.A.; Diaz O, R.C. [CFE, Subgerencia de Ingenieria, Carretera Veracruz-Medellin, Km. 7.5 Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: craj@nuclear.inin.mx

    2006-07-01

    In the biennium 2005-2006 the project of technical cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency OIEA TC MEX 04/53 'Evaluation of the integrity and extension of life of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant Plant life handling program (PLIM)' was approved, which has as objective the one to begin the actions to apply the methodology of Handling of life of Plant (PLIM) in the Unit I (Ul) of the Laguna Verde Nucleo electric Central (CNLV), in order to obtain the Renovation of License (LR), in a long term (2020). To apply this methodology 5 systems they were selected, structures or components (SEC) to carry out the handling programs of the one aging (AMP), and PLIM which are: The encircling of the reactor core (Core Shroud), the pressure vessel of the reactor (Reactor Pressure Vessel), the one primary container (Primary Containment), the system of feeding water (Reactor Feed Water) and cables, which were not in this work to be of another nature. The report presents the more important aspects considered in these systems for their programs of AMP and PLIM, as like a revision of those selection processes and evaluation (screening and scoping) for the application of PLIM in the systems of the Ul of the CNLV. (Author)

  11. Modernization of the Electric Power Systems (transformers, rods and switches) in the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (Mexico)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gonzalez Solarzano, J. J.; Gabaldon Martin, M. A.; Pallisa Nunez, J.; Florez Ordeonez, A.; Fernandez Corbeira, A.; Prieto Diez, I.

    2010-01-01

    Description of the changes made in the Electric Power Systems as a part of the power increase project in the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (Mexico). The main electrical changes to make, besides the turbo group, are the main generation transformers, the isolated rods and the generation switch.

  12. Technical assistance in relationship with the reloading analysis of the Laguna Verde Unit 2 reactor. Executive abstract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alonso V, G.; Castro B, M.; Gallegos E, R.; Hernandez L, H.; Montes T, J.L.; Ortiz S, J. J.; Perusquia C, R.

    1993-11-01

    The objective of the report was to carry out a comparative analysis of costs of energy generation among the designs GE9B of General Electric, 9X9-IX of SIEMENS and SVEA-96 of ABB ATOM, proposed to be used as recharge fuel in the Unit 2 of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power station. (Author)

  13. Secondary forest succession and tree planting at the Laguna Cartagena and Cabo Rojo wildlife refuges in southwestern Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    P.L. Weaver; J.J. Schwagerl

    2008-01-01

    Secondary forest succession and tree planting are contributing to the recovery of the Cabo Rojo refuge (Headquarters and Salinas tracts) and Laguna Cartagena refuge (Lagoon and Tinaja tracts) of the Fish and Wildlife Service in southwestern Puerto Rico. About 80 species, mainly natives, have been planted on 44 ha during the past 25 y in an effort to reduce the threat...

  14. Waterbirds (other than Laridae nesting in the middle section of Laguna Cuyutlán, Colima, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Mellink

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Laguna de Cuyutlán, in the state of Colima, Mexico, is the only large coastal wetland in a span of roughly 1150 km. Despite this, the study of its birds has been largely neglected. Between 2003 and 2006 we assessed the waterbirds nesting in the middle portion of Laguna Cuyutlán, a large tropical coastal lagoon, through field visits. We documented the nesting of 15 species of non-Laridae waterbirds: Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus, Tricolored Egret (Egretta tricolor, Snowy Egret (Egretta thula, Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea, Great Egret (Ardea alba, Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis, Black-crowned Nightheron (Nycticorax nycticorax, Yellow-crowned Night-heron (Nyctanassa violacea, Green Heron (Butorides virescens, Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja, White Ibis (Eudocimus albus, Black-bellied Whistling-duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis, Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris, Snowy Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus, and Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus. These add to six species of Laridae known to nest in that area: Laughing Gulls (Larus atricilla, Royal Terns (Thalasseus maximus, Gull-billed Terns (Gelochelidon nilotica, Forster’s Terns (S. forsteri, Least Terns (Sternula antillarum, and Black Skimmer (Rynchops niger, and to at least 57 species using it during the non-breeding season. With such bird assemblages, Laguna Cuyutlán is an important site for waterbirds, which should be given conservation status. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (1: 391-397. Epub 2008 March 31.Durante la prospección de la parte media de la Laguna Cuyutlán, una gran laguna costera en Colima, México, entre 2003 y 2006, documentamos la anidación de 15 especies de aves acuáticas que no pertenecer a la familia Laridae: Phalacrocorax brasilianus, Egretta tricolor, Egretta thula, Egretta caerulea, Ardea alba, Bubulcus ibis, Nycticorax nycticorax, Nyctanassa violacea, Butorides virescens, Platalea ajaja, Eudocimus albus, Dendrocygna autumnalis, Rallus longirostris

  15. Salt lake Laguna de Fuente de Piedra (S-Spain) as Late Quaternary palaeoenvironmental archive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Höbig, Nicole; Melles, Martin; Reicherter, Klaus

    2014-05-01

    This study deals with Late Quaternary palaeoenvironmental variability in Iberia reconstructed from terrestrial archives. In southern Iberia, endorheic basins of the Betic Cordilleras are relatively common and contain salt or fresh-water lakes due to subsurface dissolution of Triassic evaporites. Such precipitation or ground-water fed lakes (called Lagunas in Spanish) are vulnerable to changes in hydrology, climate or anthropogenic modifications. The largest Spanish salt lake, Laguna de Fuente de Piedra (Antequera region, S-Spain), has been investigated and serves as a palaeoenvironmental archive for the Late Pleistocene to Holocene time interval. Several sediment cores taken during drilling campaigns in 2012 and 2013 have revealed sedimentary sequences (up to 14 m length) along the shoreline. A multi-proxy study, including sedimentology, geochemistry and physical properties (magnetic susceptibility) has been performed on the cores. The sedimentary history is highly variable: several decimetre thick silty variegated clay deposits, laminated evaporites, and even few-centimetre thick massive gypsum crystals (i.e., selenites). XRF analysis was focussed on valuable palaeoclimatic proxies (e.g., S, Zr, Ti, and element ratios) to identify the composition and provenance of the sediments and to delineate palaeoenvironmental conditions. First age control has been realized by AMS-radiocarbon dating. The records start with approximately 2-3 m Holocene deposits and reach back to the middle of MIS 3 (GS-3). The sequences contain changes in sedimentation rates as well as colour changes, which can be summarized as brownish-beige deposits at the top and more greenish-grey deposits below as well as highly variegated lamination and selenites below ca. 6 m depth. The Younger Dryas, Bølling/Allerød, and the so-called Mystery Interval/Last Glacial Maximum have presumably been identified in the sediment cores and aligned to other climate records. In general, the cores of the Laguna de

  16. Generation of the ECP database (ECP02.DAT) at the beginning of the cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perusquia C, R.

    1992-10-01

    In order to carrying out a comparison among the results provided for the Program of Estimate of the ECP Critical Position and the Shutdown/Startup produced in the Cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde, it was generated the base of the ECP program, following the outlines settled down in the Procedure 'Generation of ECP Database for Laguna Verde' (IT.SN/DFR 074). Next the data sheets filled when being generated the ECP02.DAT database at the beginning of the cycle are provided. In the IT.SN/DFR 079 report 'Adjustment and Preliminary Evaluation of the Predictions of Criticity of the ECP Program with Reported Data of Cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde, the results of the comparison among the estimates of the ECP program using the ECP02.DAT with the real data of the Cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde are presented. (Author)

  17. Generation of the ECP database (ECP01.DAT) of the cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde with burnt of 1377 MWD/MT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perusquia C, R.

    1992-10-01

    In order to carrying out a comparison among the results provided by the Program of Estimate of the ECP Critical Position and the Shutdown/Startup produced in the Cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde, it was generated the base of the ECP program, following the outlines settled down in the Procedure 'Generation of ECP Database for Laguna Verde' (IT.SN/DFR-074). Next the data sheets filled when being generated the ECP01.DAT database with a burnt of 1377 MWD/MT are provided. In the report IT.SN/DFR-079 'Adjustment and Preliminary Evaluation of the Predictions of Criticity of the ECP Program with Reported Data of the Cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde', the results of the comparison among those estimates of the ECP program using the ECP01.DAT database with the real data of the Cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde are presented. (Author)

  18. Estimating of seismic return periods in Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flores R, J.H.

    1993-01-01

    The study of seismic risk in the site of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant and surroundings was made considering the different periods of seismic return and the probability of occurrence in distinct time intervals (50, 75, 100, 125, 150 years) starting with the distribution of first type of extreme values of Gumbel (G1), the value used for the assessment of lifetime of lump was 50 years, and the rest of the periods are used to evaluate temporary nuclear cemeteries, it is to say for reducing the radioactivity of burned fuel assemblies. The seismic data belongs to the seismicity catalog (1920-1982) elaborated around the site, which average magnitude was 5 in the Richter Scale and are considered as shallow and are located in the Continental crust of North American shelf, and are induced by the pressure of the cocos shelf, being 36 % of the seismic movements of intermediate value and two seismic movements of deep value. (Author)

  19. Ageing Management Review of the reactor pressure vessels in Laguna Verde NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gris Cruz, Magdalena; Arganis, Carlos R.J.; Medina Almazan, A. Liliana

    2012-01-01

    In the present paper, for both units of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (LVNPP), the Ageing Management Review of the reactor pressure Vessel was carried out, including the identification of the intended functions, the materials and the environments. The evaluation of the ageing effect/mechanism and the Aging management programs currently implemented were prepared. The most important aging effects/ mechanisms are: loss of fracture toughness due to neutron irradiation embrittlement, fatigue, stress corrosion cracking (SCC), general corrosion and erosion-corrosion. The neutron irradiation embrittlement is managed by the reactor vessel materials surveillance program. The fatigue is a Time Limited Aging Analysis (TLAA), for which is necessary to calculate some fatigue usage factors. SCC is managed by, the In service inspections (ISI) program, but also by the Water Chemistry program, including, currently, On Line Noble Chem. The water chemistry program also manages General Corrosion and erosion-corrosion. The results were compared with the GALL report. (author)

  20. Microbial diversity and biomarker analysis of modern freshwater microbialites from Laguna Bacalar, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, D B; Beddows, P A; Flynn, T M; Osburn, M R

    2018-05-01

    Laguna Bacalar is a sulfate-rich freshwater lake on the Yucatan Peninsula that hosts large microbialites. High sulfate concentrations distinguish Laguna Bacalar from other freshwater microbialite sites such as Pavilion Lake and Alchichica, Mexico, as well as from other aqueous features on the Yucatan Peninsula. While cyanobacterial populations have been described here previously, this study offers a more complete characterization of the microbial populations and corresponding biogeochemical cycling using a three-pronged geobiological approach of microscopy, high-throughput DNA sequencing, and lipid biomarker analyses. We identify and compare diverse microbial communities of Alphaproteobacteria, Deltaproteobacteria, and Gammaproteobacteria that vary with location along a bank-to-bank transect across the lake, within microbialites, and within a neighboring mangrove root agglomeration. In particular, sulfate-reducing bacteria are extremely common and diverse, constituting 7%-19% of phylogenetic diversity within the microbialites, and are hypothesized to significantly influence carbonate precipitation. In contrast, Cyanobacteria account for less than 1% of phylogenetic diversity. The distribution of lipid biomarkers reflects these changes in microbial ecology, providing meaningful biosignatures for the microbes in this system. Polysaturated short-chain fatty acids characteristic of cyanobacteria account for Bacalar microbialites. By contrast, even short-chain and monounsaturated short-chain fatty acids attributable to both Cyanobacteria and many other organisms including types of Alphaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria constitute 43%-69% and 17%-25%, respectively, of total abundance in microbialites. While cyanobacteria are the largest and most visible microbes within these microbialites and dominate the mangrove root agglomeration, it is clear that their smaller, metabolically diverse associates are responsible for significant biogeochemical cycling in this

  1. Analysis of internal events for the Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huerta B, A.; Aguilar T, O.; Nunez C, A.; Lopez M, R.

    1993-01-01

    This volume presents the results of the starter event analysis and the event tree analysis for the Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power station. The starter event analysis includes the identification of all those internal events which cause a disturbance to the normal operation of the power station and require mitigation. Those called external events stay beyond the reach of this study. For the analysis of the Laguna Verde power station eight transient categories were identified, three categories of loss of coolant accidents (LOCA) inside the container, a LOCA out of the primary container, as well as the vessel break. The event trees analysis involves the development of the possible accident sequences for each category of starter events. Events trees by systems for the different types of LOCA and for all the transients were constructed. It was constructed the event tree for the total loss of alternating current, which represents an extension of the event tree for the loss of external power transient. Also the event tree by systems for the anticipated transients without scram was developed (ATWS). The events trees for the accident sequences includes the sequences evaluation with vulnerable nucleus, that is to say those sequences in which it is had an adequate cooling of nucleus but the remoting systems of residual heat had failed. In order to model adequately the previous, headings were added to the event tree for developing the sequences until the point where be solved the nucleus state. This process includes: the determination of the failure pressure of the primary container, the evaluation of the environment generated in the reactor building as result of the container failure or cracked of itself, the determination of the localization of the components in the reactor building and the construction of boolean expressions to estimate the failure of the subordinated components to an severe environment. (Author)

  2. Thermal limits validation of gamma thermometer power adaption in CFE Laguna Verde 2 reactor core

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuevas V, G.; Banfield, J. [GE-Hitachi Nuclear Energy Americas LLC, Global Nuclear Fuel, Americas LLC, 3901 Castle Hayne Road, Wilmingtonm, North Carolina (United States); Avila N, A., E-mail: Gabriel.Cuevas-Vivas@ge.com [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km 42.5, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2016-09-15

    This paper presents the status of GEH work on Gamma Thermometer (GT) validation using the signals of the instruments installed in the Laguna Verde Unit 2 reactor core. The long-standing technical collaboration between Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), Global Nuclear Fuel - Americas LLC (GNF) and GE-Hitachi Nuclear Energy Americas LLC (GEH) is moving forward with solid steps to a final implementation of GTs in a nuclear reactor core. Each GT is integrated into a slightly modified Local Power Range Monitor (LPRM) assembly. Six instrumentation strings are equipped with two gamma field detectors for a total of twenty-four bundles whose calculated powers are adapted to the instrumentation readings in addition to their use as calibration instruments for LPRMs. Since November 2007, the six GT instrumentation strings have been operable with almost no degradation by the strong neutron and gamma fluxes in the Laguna Verde Unit 2 reactor core. In this paper, the thermal limits, Critical Power Ratio (CPR) and maximum Linear Heat Generation Rate (LHGR), of bundles directly monitored by either Traverse In-core Probes (TIPs) or GTs are used to establish validation results that confirm the viability of TIP system replacement with automatic fixed in-core probes (AFIPs, GTs, in a Boiling Water Reactor. The new GNF steady-state reactor core simulator AETNA02 is used to obtain power and exposure distribution. Using this code with an updated methodology for GT power adaption, a reduced value of the GT interpolation uncertainty is obtained that is fed into the LHGR calculation. This new method achieves margin recovery for the adapted thermal limits for use in the Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR) or any other BWR in the future that employs a GT based AFIP system for local power measurements. (Author)

  3. Stress corrosion evaluation on stainless steel 304 pipes in Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arganis J, C.R.

    1996-01-01

    Inside the frame of the project IAEA/MEX-41044 'Stress corrosion as a starting event of accidents in nuclear plants', and of the institutional project IA-252 under the same name, it was required from the Laguna Verde Nuclear Plant, material equivalent to the one employed in the piping of the primary recycling system. Laguna Verde Nuclear Plant granted two tracks of tubes, that could be used to substitute the ones that are in operation, as is the tube SA-358TP304 CL-QC with transversal welding, designated as ER-316-LQA. According to the report entitles 'Revision of the operational experience related to corrosion in the nuclear plants' it was found that the stress corrosion is the principal mechanism of corrosion present in the nuclear plants. Previous records indicate that sensitized stainless steels are resistant to stress corrosion in testings of constant loading in sea water (3.5% of chlorides approximately) to 80 Centigrade and to 80% of the limit of conveyance and that a solution of 22% of NaCl to 90 Centigrade, produces cracking due to stress corrosion in highly sensitized steels, in tests of speed of slow extension (SSRT), to a speed of 1x10 -6 s -1 . Daniels reports that there is a direct relation between the speed limit of detection of the SSRT test and the concentration of chlorides, for stainless steels tested to 100 Centigrade. The minimum detection speed of susceptibility to stress corrosion for solution to 20% of NaCl, is of 1x10 -7 s -1 . Taking into account these considerations, the employment of a solution with 22% of NaCl to 90 Centigrade to a speed of 1x10 -6 s -1 seems a good choice for the evaluation of stainless steel. (Author)

  4. Thermal limits validation of gamma thermometer power adaption in CFE Laguna Verde 2 reactor core

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cuevas V, G.; Banfield, J.; Avila N, A.

    2016-09-01

    This paper presents the status of GEH work on Gamma Thermometer (GT) validation using the signals of the instruments installed in the Laguna Verde Unit 2 reactor core. The long-standing technical collaboration between Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), Global Nuclear Fuel - Americas LLC (GNF) and GE-Hitachi Nuclear Energy Americas LLC (GEH) is moving forward with solid steps to a final implementation of GTs in a nuclear reactor core. Each GT is integrated into a slightly modified Local Power Range Monitor (LPRM) assembly. Six instrumentation strings are equipped with two gamma field detectors for a total of twenty-four bundles whose calculated powers are adapted to the instrumentation readings in addition to their use as calibration instruments for LPRMs. Since November 2007, the six GT instrumentation strings have been operable with almost no degradation by the strong neutron and gamma fluxes in the Laguna Verde Unit 2 reactor core. In this paper, the thermal limits, Critical Power Ratio (CPR) and maximum Linear Heat Generation Rate (LHGR), of bundles directly monitored by either Traverse In-core Probes (TIPs) or GTs are used to establish validation results that confirm the viability of TIP system replacement with automatic fixed in-core probes (AFIPs, GTs, in a Boiling Water Reactor. The new GNF steady-state reactor core simulator AETNA02 is used to obtain power and exposure distribution. Using this code with an updated methodology for GT power adaption, a reduced value of the GT interpolation uncertainty is obtained that is fed into the LHGR calculation. This new method achieves margin recovery for the adapted thermal limits for use in the Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR) or any other BWR in the future that employs a GT based AFIP system for local power measurements. (Author)

  5. Implementacion de modulos constructivistas que atiendan "misconceptions" y lagunas conceptuales en temas de la fisica en estudiantes universitarios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santacruz Sarmiento, Neida M.

    Este estudio se enfoco en los "misconception" y lagunas conceptuales en temas fundamentales de Fisica como son Equilibrio Termodinamico y Estatica de fluidos. En primer lugar se trabajo con la identificacion de "misconceptions" y lagunas conceptuales y se analizo en detalle la forma en que los estudiantes construyen sus propias teorias de fenomenos relacionados con los temas. Debido a la complejidad en la que los estudiantes asimilan los conceptos fisicos, se utilizo el metodo de investigacion mixto de tipo secuencial explicativo en dos etapas, una cuantitativa y otra cualitativa. La primera etapa comprendio cuatro fases: (1) Aplicacion de una prueba diagnostica para identificar el conocimiento previo y lagunas conceptuales. (2) Identificacion de "misconceptions" y lagunas del concepto a partir del conocimiento previo. (3) Implementacion de la intervencion por medio de modulos en el topico de Equilibrio Termodinamico y Estatica de Fluidos. (4) Y la realizacion de la pos prueba para analizar el impacto y la efectividad de la intervencion constructivista. En la segunda etapa se utilizo el metodo de investigacion cualitativo, por medio de una entrevista semiestructurada que partio de la elaboracion de un mapa conceptual y se finalizo con un analisis de datos conjuntamente. El desarrollo de este estudio permitio encontrar "misconceptions" y lagunas conceptuales a partir del conocimiento previo de los estudiantes participantes en los temas trabajados, que fueron atendidos en el desarrollo de las distintas actividades inquisitivas que se presentaron en el modulo constructivista. Se encontro marcadas diferencias entre la pre y pos prueba en los temas, esto se debio al requerimiento de habilidades abstractas para el tema de Estatica de Fluidos y al desarrollo intuitivo para el tema de Equilibrio Termodinamico, teniendo mejores respuestas en el segundo. Los participantes demostraron una marcada evolucion y/o cambio en sus estructuras de pensamiento, las pruebas estadisticas

  6. Determination of heavy metals and other elements by Neutron Activation Analysis in sediment cores of laguna Mar Chiquita (Cordoba, Argentina)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Larizzatti, Flavio Eduardo

    2001-01-01

    Laguna Mar Chiquita is one of the largest water bodies of South America. It is a big lake of saline waters, and its geographic localization is SOMS' S, 62 deg 30' W, about 150 km Northwest of Cordoba, Argentina. Due to its large variability of hydrological budget, surface and water levels produced periods of low stands (LLP) and high stands (HLP). This fluctuation of water level also produces substantial changes in the water salinity. The principal tributary of the Laguna Mar Chiquita is Dulce River and also receives water from two other rivers: Suquia and Xanaes. The Suquia River drains in a small satellite lake, the Laguna del Plata. The purpose of the present work was to investigate the sediment composition of the Laguna Mar Chiquita (2 sediment cores) and del Plata (one sediment core) by using Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) technique. The three 60 cm long sediment cores, sliced each 2 cm, were analyzed and 26 elements were determined (As, Ba, Br, Ce, Co, Cr, Cs, Eu, Fe, Hf, La, Lu, Na, Nd, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Sm, Ta, Tb, Th, U, Yb, Zn e Zr). Other complementary techniques were utilized: macro elements (Al, Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, P, Si, Ti) were determined by X-ray fluorescence, and the mineralogical composition of the sediments was determined by X-ray diffraction. The results obtained did not show any indication of anthropic contribution in the sediment composition, and concentration of the majority of the elements analyzed is uniform along the entire profile of the analyzed core. Statistical analysis of elemental concentrations (Cluster Analysis) reflects that in Laguna del Plata the fine fractions of the sediments is dominated by detrital minerals, while in the Laguna Mar Chiquita, the neo formed minerals are the principal components. In both lakes, it was possible to identify compositional variations in the sediment segments, which may correspond to temporal fluctuations in the sedimentation conditions. The statistical analysis associated to sedimentation

  7. ANÁLISIS DE LA CALIDAD DEL AGUA EN LAS LAGUNAS DE BUSTILLOS Y DE LOS MEXICANOS (CHIHUAHUA, MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Pilar Amado Álvarez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En la parte central del estado de Chihuahua (México se encuentra la cuenca de drenaje que alimenta las lagunas endorreicas de Bustillos, y de los Mexicanos. Estos humedales de especial interés ambiental, se encuentran amenazados por una fuerte presión de actividades humanas. Para este trabajo se han planteado una serie de análisis químicos, físicos y microbiológicos, que determinan unos elevados índices de contaminación en estos hábitats acuáticos. Los resultados han mostrado bajos índices de oxígeno disuelto y elevadas concentraciones en nitratos y bacterias coliformes en el agua. Se ha detectado que las principales fuentes de contaminación de estos recursos hídricos son las actividades agropecuarias, los vertidos de aguas residuales de las áreas urbanas y, en mayor medida, por los desechos de los tratamientos industriales.

  8. Simulation of the turbine trip of Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant using the code Simulate-3K

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alegria A, A.; Filio L, C.; Ortiz V, J.

    2017-09-01

    In order to compare the results obtained from the model developed in the Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS) with the code Simulate-3K (S3K) with respect to those reported by the process computer of the Central (SIIP), the simulation of the turbine trip transient was carried out, caused by the firing of the main generator, the low differential pressure of oil of its seals and the automatic Scram of Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant, at 87% of power nominal during the operation cycle 16. Since the reactor was brought to a safe stop due to Scram, was enough to simulate 20 seconds to observe the maximum increase in pressure with S3K. In this work, the following parameters are shown and compared: the neutron flux, the thermal power, the pressure in the dome, the flow at the entrance to the core, the steam flow that leaves the vessel and the minimal critical power ratio (MCPR). The neutron flux of the average power range monitors of the nuclear power plant was compared with the S3K detectors model. Finally, the MCPR was calculated with a different correlation to that of the fuel supplier and its deviation from its safety limit was determined. In conclusion, the results obtained show the current state of the model for the simulation of reactivity transients and the opportunity areas to consolidate this tool in support of the process of licensing refueling in the CNSNS. (Author)

  9. Analysis of the socio political and environmental conflict about the use of La laguna park public spaces in Nueva Casarapa housing development; Miranda, Venezuela

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zerpa, Mildred de

    2013-01-01

    Nueva Casarapa is an integral urban complex conceived under the concept of city. This complex has open spaces, shopping malls, green and public spaces, that are under the care of the owners, and a central natural park known as La Laguna. In 2009, starts a controversy that could become in a political environmental conflict with implications on the Municipio Plaza's government, because of the resolution of using the green areas of the park for a low price grocery market. This resolution was taken unilaterally by the Mayors' Office, not consulting the actors living in the complex. Besides the conflict for the use of this public space located inside of a private urban complex, there are discussions about which should be the institution to manage the resources obtained for the rent of the meeting spaces and who should be responsible of the maintenance staff. In function of this, it is possible to observe the rising of some conflicts between the different organizations and the users of the park that could lead to its damage.

  10. Changes in reactivity and in the margins to thermal limits by the inclusion of control rods of advanced type in the Laguna Verde Power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hernandez, J.L.; Perusquia, R.; Montes, J.L.; Ortiz, J.J.; Ramirez, J.R.

    2004-01-01

    The obtained results are presented when simulating with CM-PRESTO code the cycle 10 of the unit 1 of the Laguna Verde Central, using two advanced types of control bars, besides the originally loaded ones. The two advanced types, to those that are denominated 1AV and 2AV in this work, are of different design, however both have in some place of the bar, a section with hafnium like neutron absorber material. They thought about three different scenarios, in the first one, used as reference, is simulated the cycle 10 using the original control bars, while in the other two cases the advanced types are used. The values of the reactivity were compared and of some margins to the thermal limits obtained when using the bars of advanced type, with those obtained in the case in that alone they are considered those original bars. It was found that in condition of power both advanced types present bigger absorber power of neutrons that the original bars, being quantified in average this bigger power in 0.22 pcm/notch for the type 1AV and in 0.51 pcm/notch for the type 2AV. The affectation of the margins to the observed thermal limits is minimum. (Author)

  11. A paleolimnological perspective on industrial-era metal pollution in the central Andes, Peru

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cooke, Colin A. [Department of Geology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (United States); Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E3 (Canada)], E-mail: cacooke@ualberta.ca; Abbott, Mark B. [Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E3 (Canada); Section of Anthropology, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, PA 15206 (United States)

    2008-04-15

    To date, few studies have investigated the environmental legacy associated with industrialization in the South American Andes. Here, we present an environmental archive of industrial pollution from {sup 210}Pb-dated lake cores recovered from Laguna Chipian, located near the Cerro de Pasco metallurgical region and Laguna Pirhuacocha, located near the Morococha mining region and the La Oroya smelting complex. At Laguna Chipian, trace metal concentrations increase beginning {approx} 1900 AD, coincident with the construction of the central Peruvian railway, and the rapid industrial development of the Cerro de Pasco region. Trace metal concentrations and fluxes peak during the 1950s before subsequently declining up-core (though remaining well above background levels). While Colonial mining and smelting operations are known to have occurred at Cerro de Pasco since at least 1630 AD, our sediment record preserves no associated metal deposition. Based on our {sup 14}C and {sup 210}Pb data, we suggest that this is due to a depositional hiatus, rather than a lack of regional Colonial pollution. At Laguna Pirhuacocha, industrial trace metal deposition first begins {approx} 1925 AD, rapidly increasing after {approx} 1950 AD and peaking during either the 1970s or 1990s. Trace metal concentrations from these lakes are comparable to some of the most polluted lakes in North America and Europe. There appears to be little diagenetic alteration of the trace metal record at either lake, the exception being arsenic (As) accumulation at Laguna Pirhuacocha. There, a correlation between As and the redox-sensitive element manganese (Mn) suggests that the sedimentary As burden is undergoing diagenetic migration towards the sediment-water interface. This mobility has contributed to surface sediment As concentrations in excess of 1100 {mu}g g{sup -1}. The results presented here chronicle a rapidly changing Andean environment, and highlight a need for future research in the rate and magnitude

  12. A paleolimnological perspective on industrial-era metal pollution in the central Andes, Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooke, Colin A; Abbott, Mark B

    2008-04-15

    To date, few studies have investigated the environmental legacy associated with industrialization in the South American Andes. Here, we present an environmental archive of industrial pollution from (210)Pb-dated lake cores recovered from Laguna Chipian, located near the Cerro de Pasco metallurgical region and Laguna Pirhuacocha, located near the Morococha mining region and the La Oroya smelting complex. At Laguna Chipian, trace metal concentrations increase beginning ~1900 AD, coincident with the construction of the central Peruvian railway, and the rapid industrial development of the Cerro de Pasco region. Trace metal concentrations and fluxes peak during the 1950s before subsequently declining up-core (though remaining well above background levels). While Colonial mining and smelting operations are known to have occurred at Cerro de Pasco since at least 1630 AD, our sediment record preserves no associated metal deposition. Based on our (14)C and (210)Pb data, we suggest that this is due to a depositional hiatus, rather than a lack of regional Colonial pollution. At Laguna Pirhuacocha, industrial trace metal deposition first begins ~1925 AD, rapidly increasing after ~1950 AD and peaking during either the 1970s or 1990s. Trace metal concentrations from these lakes are comparable to some of the most polluted lakes in North America and Europe. There appears to be little diagenetic alteration of the trace metal record at either lake, the exception being arsenic (As) accumulation at Laguna Pirhuacocha. There, a correlation between As and the redox-sensitive element manganese (Mn) suggests that the sedimentary As burden is undergoing diagenetic migration towards the sediment-water interface. This mobility has contributed to surface sediment As concentrations in excess of 1100 microg g(-1). The results presented here chronicle a rapidly changing Andean environment, and highlight a need for future research in the rate and magnitude of atmospheric metal pollution.

  13. A paleolimnological perspective on industrial-era metal pollution in the central Andes, Peru

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cooke, Colin A.; Abbott, Mark B.

    2008-01-01

    To date, few studies have investigated the environmental legacy associated with industrialization in the South American Andes. Here, we present an environmental archive of industrial pollution from 210 Pb-dated lake cores recovered from Laguna Chipian, located near the Cerro de Pasco metallurgical region and Laguna Pirhuacocha, located near the Morococha mining region and the La Oroya smelting complex. At Laguna Chipian, trace metal concentrations increase beginning ∼ 1900 AD, coincident with the construction of the central Peruvian railway, and the rapid industrial development of the Cerro de Pasco region. Trace metal concentrations and fluxes peak during the 1950s before subsequently declining up-core (though remaining well above background levels). While Colonial mining and smelting operations are known to have occurred at Cerro de Pasco since at least 1630 AD, our sediment record preserves no associated metal deposition. Based on our 14 C and 210 Pb data, we suggest that this is due to a depositional hiatus, rather than a lack of regional Colonial pollution. At Laguna Pirhuacocha, industrial trace metal deposition first begins ∼ 1925 AD, rapidly increasing after ∼ 1950 AD and peaking during either the 1970s or 1990s. Trace metal concentrations from these lakes are comparable to some of the most polluted lakes in North America and Europe. There appears to be little diagenetic alteration of the trace metal record at either lake, the exception being arsenic (As) accumulation at Laguna Pirhuacocha. There, a correlation between As and the redox-sensitive element manganese (Mn) suggests that the sedimentary As burden is undergoing diagenetic migration towards the sediment-water interface. This mobility has contributed to surface sediment As concentrations in excess of 1100 μg g -1 . The results presented here chronicle a rapidly changing Andean environment, and highlight a need for future research in the rate and magnitude of atmospheric metal pollution

  14. Bioaccumulation of some heavy metals in adult tilapia oreochromis niloticus in Southern part of Laguna de Bay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sandoval, Kristine L.; Padua, Haizelle O.; De Jesus, Editha E.; Enal, Maria Luisa A.

    2010-01-01

    Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, one of the most important fish species in Philippine aquaculture, is grown abundantly in Laguna de Bay. A preliminary study was conducted to determine the levels of accumulated mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) in the muscle tissue of this fresh water fish collected from February (wet season) to March (dry season) 2008 in the southern part of Laguna de Bay. Heavy metal analyses using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) showed a higher concentration of Hg and Cd during the wet season than in the dry season. However, analysis of variance revealed significant seasonal variation on only in Cd (P=0.0253). Lead, on the other hand, was not detected in the fish samples. The mean concentration set by FAO but the mean level of Cd (0.161 ppm) was almost equal to the limit given for fish. This could represent a significant health risk to the consuming public. (author)

  15. Cuantificación de los aportes hídricos subterráneos a la laguna de Santa Olalla a partir de balances hídricos diarios (Parque Nacional de Doñana, Huelva)

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Rodríguez, Miguel; Fernández Ayuso, Ana; Moral Martos, Francisco

    2017-01-01

    En este estudio se ha realizado un balance hídrico a escala diaria en la laguna de Santa Olalla, una de las pocas lagunas de hidroperiodo permanente del Parque Nacional de Doñana. El balance volumétrico se ha realizado determinando las salidas y entradas a partir de los datos meteorológicos de estaciones cercanas y de los registros trihorarios del nivel del agua de la laguna. Los resultados indican unos aportes por escorrentía, mayoritariamente subterránea, a la laguna de 0,39 hm3 desde en...

  16. Geological setting and paleomagnetism of the Eocene red beds of Laguna Brava Formation (Quebrada Santo Domingo, northwestern Argentina)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vizán, H.; Geuna, S.; Melchor, R.; Bellosi, E. S.; Lagorio, S. L.; Vásquez, C.; Japas, M. S.; Ré, G.; Do Campo, M.

    2013-01-01

    The red bed succession cropping out in the Quebrada Santo Domingo in northwestern Argentina had been for long considered as Upper Triassic-Lower Jurassic in age based on weak radiometric and paleontological evidence. Preliminary paleomagnetic data confirmed the age and opened questions about the nature of fossil footprints with avian features discovered in the section. Recently the stratigraphic scheme was reviewed with the identification of previously unrecognized discontinuities, and a radiometric dating obtained in a tuff, indicated an Eocene age for the Laguna Brava Formation and the fossil bird footprints, much younger than the previously assigned. We present a detailed paleomagnetic study interpreted within a regional tectonic and stratigraphic framework, looking for an explanation for the misinterpretation of the preliminary paleomagnetic data. The characteristic remanent magnetizations pass a tilt test and a reversal test. The main magnetic carrier is interpreted to be low Ti titanomagnetites and to a lesser extent hematite. The characteristic remanent magnetization would be essentially detrital. The obtained paleomagnetic pole (PP) for the Laguna Brava Formation has the following geographic coordinates and statistical parameters: N = 29, Lon. = 184.5° E, Lat. = 75.0° S, A95 = 5.6° and K = 23.7. When this PP is compared with another one with similar age obtained in an undeformed area, a declination anomaly is recognized. This anomaly can be interpreted as Laguna Brava Formation belonging to a structural block that rotated about 16° clockwise along a vertical axis after about 34 Ma. This block rotation is consistent with the regional tectonic framework, and would have caused the fortuitous coincidence of the PP with Early Jurassic poles. According to the interpreted magnetostratigraphic correlation, the Laguna Brava Formation would have been deposited during the Late Eocene with a mean sedimentation rate of about 1.4 cm per thousand years, probably in

  17. Multi-disciplinary organization for the completion and start-up of the Laguna Verde-2 power reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-01-01

    The optimization of the human and material resources for the pre-operational tests in the Laguna Verde-2 nuclear plant is described. About three thousand specialist of different groups were involved and each one had its own routines and functions with a complicated communication system among them. The optimization aimed at integrating and coordinating the organizational resources and defining the goals to be reached

  18. Simulation of overpressure events with a Laguna Verde model for the RELAP code to conditions of extended power up rate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rodriguez H, A.; Araiza M, E.; Fuentes M, L.; Ortiz V, J.

    2012-10-01

    In this work the main results of the simulation of overpressure events are presented using a model of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde developed for the RELAP/SCDAPSIM code. As starting point we have the conformation of a Laguna Verde model that represents a stationary state to similar conditions to the operation of the power station with Extended Power Up rate (EPU). The transitory of simulated pressure are compared with those documented in the Final Safety Analysis Report of Laguna Verde (FSAR). The results of the turbine shot transitory with and without by-pass of the main turbine are showed, and the event of closes of all the valves of main vapor isolation. A preliminary simulation was made and with base in the results some adjustments were made for the operation with EPU, taking into account the Operation Technical Specifications of the power station. The results of the final simulations were compared and analyzed with the content in the FSAR. The response of the power station to the transitory, reflected in the model for RELAP, was satisfactory. Finally, comments about the improvement of the model are included, for example, the response time of the protection and mitigation systems of the power station. (Author)

  19. Carbonate Formation And Diagenesis In Pastos Grandes Laguna (Bolivia): Modern Analog For The South Atlantic Cretaceous Presalt Travertinoid Deposits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller, E.; Ader, M.; Gérard, E.; Virgone, A.; Gaucher, E.; Bougeault, C.; Durlet, C.; Moreira, M. A.; Virgile, R.; Vennin, E.; Agogué, H.; Hugoni, M.

    2017-12-01

    The Cretaceous Presalt travertinoid deposits of the South Atlantic are usually considered as "strange deposits" having poor equivalents in modern environments. Pastos Grandes Laguna, which is located in a 2.9 Ma caldera on the andean-bolivian Altiplano (at 4450 m), is intersected by active faults with hydrothermal fluids and presents a spherulitic plateform with similar sedimentological facies to the Presalt: halite and bedded evaporites, shrub-shaped calcites, ooids, pisolites and various stromatolites. Pastos Grandes Laguna is certainly one of the best modern analog of the Presalt for investigating the on going processes of carbonate deposition and diagenesis and the influence of biology. During two expeditions, we recovered samples of gas, water and microbial mats from the hydrothermal sources to the evaporating zones on the spherulitic plateform. These samples are being analyzed to determine 1) the influence of the gases emitted at the hydrothermal sources (chemical and isotopic composition) on the chemistry of the Laguna and the mineralogy of its sediments and 2) the role of ecosystems that develop in this environment on carbonate formation. Preliminary results on gas composition, corrected for the atmospheric contribution, indicates a magmatic source of CO2 partly mantellic associated with a small crustal contribution. Other initial results have so far indicated that CO2 gas emissions, evaporation, as well as photosynthesis and respiration play a role on water chemistry and carbonate precipitation. This study will contribute to the overall understanding of the role of organisms in sedimentation and the predictive diagenetic evolution of hydrothermal and lacustrine deposits.

  20. ESTADO TRÓFICO DE UN LAGO TROPICAL DE ALTA MONTAÑA: CASO LAGUNA DE LA COCHA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mery Liliana López Martínez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación realizada con el fin de determinar el estado trófico de la laguna de La Cocha, cuerpo hídrico importante en Colombia y en el mundo, que hace parte del humedal Ramsar laguna de La Cocha, ecosistema que cumple distintas funciones y alberga una gran biodiversidad que se quiere proteger. Para lograr el propósito planteado, esta investigación se realizó entre enero y septiembre de 2013, determinando el estado trófico mediante los índices de Carlson, el índice desarrollado por la OCDE (Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económico y el índice de Carlson modificado por Toledo. Los resultados permitieron clasificar a la laguna de La Cocha como oligotrófica y ultraoligotrófica, característica típica de lagos de alta montaña con bajos procesos de contaminación de origen aloctóno y autóctono.

  1. Ikaite precipitation in a lacustrine environment - implications for palaeoclimatic studies using carbonates from Laguna Potrok Aike (Patagonia, Argentina)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oehlerich, Markus; Mayr, Christoph; Griesshaber, Erika; Lücke, Andreas; Oeckler, Oliver M.; Ohlendorf, Christian; Schmahl, Wolfgang W.; Zolitschka, Bernd

    2013-07-01

    The monoclinic mineral ikaite (CaCO3 · 6H2O) and its pseudomorphs are potentially important archives for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. Natural ikaite occurs in a small temperature range near freezing point and is reported mainly from marine and only rarely from continental aquatic environments. Ikaite transforms to more stable anhydrous forms of CaCO3 after an increase in temperature or when exposed to atmospheric conditions. The knowledge about conditions for natural ikaite formation, its stable isotope fractionation factors and isotopic changes during transformation to calcite is very restricted. Here, for the first time, primary precipitation of idiomorphic ikaite and its calcite pseudomorphs are reported from a subsaline lake, Laguna Potrok Aike, in southern Argentina. The calculated stable oxygen isotope fractionation factor between lake water and ikaite-derived calcite (αPAI = 1.0324 at a temperature of 4.1 °C) is close to but differs from that of primarily inorganically precipitated calcite. Pseudomorphs after ikaite rapidly disintegrate into calcite powder that is indistinguishable from μm-sized calcite crystals in the sediment record of Laguna Potrok Aike suggesting an ikaite origin of sedimentary calcites. Therefore, the Holocene carbonates of Laguna Potrok Aike have the potential to serve as a recorder of past hydrological variation.

  2. Calculating of radiation doses in rutinary unloads of liquid wastes from Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Molina, G.

    1985-01-01

    Utilization of nuclear energy to produce or generate electricity is a growing practice in the world, since it represent an economic and safe option to replace fossil fuels. During operation of nuclear power plants, radioactive materials are produced. A small fraction of these material are released to environment in the form of liquid or gaseous effluents. Estimation of radiation doses causing by effluents release has three purposes. During design phase of a nuclear station it is useful to adapt the wastes treatment systems to acceptable limits. During licensing phase, the regulator organism verifies the design of nuclear station effectuating estimation of doses. Finally, during operation of a nuclear station, before every unload of radioactive effluents, radiation doses should be evaluate in order to fulfill technical specifications, which limit the release of radioactive materials to environment. 1. To perform calculations of individual doses due to liquid radioactive effluents unload in units 1 and 2 of Laguna Verde nuclear power plant (In licensing phase). 2. To perform a parametric study of the effect of unload recirculation over individual dose, since recirculation has two principal effects: thermodynamical effects in nuclear station and radioactivity concentration, the last can affect the fullfilment of dose limits. 3. To perform the calculation of collective doses causes by unloads of liquid effluents within a radius of 80 Kms. of nuclear station caused by unload of liquid radioactive effluents during normal operation of nuclear power plant and does not include doses caused during accident conditions. In Mexico the organism in charge of regulation of peaceful uses of nuclear energy is Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS) and for Laguna Verde licensing, the regulations of country who manufactured the reactor was adopted, it is to say United States of America. In Appendix 'C' units used along this work are explained. Unless another

  3. Genetic structure of populations of Drosophila melanogaster natives from Laguna Verde, Veracruz; Estructura genetica de poblaciones de Drosophila melanogaster originarias de Laguna Verde, Veracruz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salceda, V M [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    The genetic variability hidden present in natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster, it has been broadly analyzed, and it is a tool that allows to detect differences among the different populations of this species, so much of natural nature as experimental. In this occasion we use it to see if differences exist in two neighboring populations inside the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant, Veracruz, and this way to suggest, of having differences in the mount of the relative frequencies of lethal genes, semi lethals and normal, be due to the radioactive emanations product of the reactors operation of the plant. Its were took samples of flies in both towns during three successive seasons and they were transported to the laboratory of the ININ where they were carried out the tests to determine the frequency of the different types of genes. This was made by means of the denominated technique C y L / Pm that allows by means of a cross series with a stump marker to obtain, in the third generation, in isolated form the different types of genes and this way to calculate their relative frequencies. The study understands the analysis of 299 chromosomes extracted from the populations, of those that 95 correspond at the control population and 204 to the experimental one. As a result of the analysis we find that 30.52 percent of the genes of the population witness contains detrimental genes (sum of the lethal plus the semi lethal genes) as long as in the experimental population this value corresponds to 23.03 percent. In accordance with this information was not significant difference among the studied populations. A similar analysis, but now comparing the seasons, (summer against winter), it showed significant difference to 5% with regard to the lethal genes frequency only in the population witness. These results indicate the absence of damage, however it is necessary to consider that this can be due to that indeed there is not him or that the investigation protocol is not

  4. Generation of the ECP database (ECP02.DAT) at the beginning of the cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde; Generacion de la base ECP (ECP02.DAT) al inicio del ciclo 1 de la Unidad 1 de Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perusquia C, R. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    1992-10-15

    In order to carrying out a comparison among the results provided for the Program of Estimate of the ECP Critical Position and the Shutdown/Startup produced in the Cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde, it was generated the base of the ECP program, following the outlines settled down in the Procedure 'Generation of ECP Database for Laguna Verde' (IT.SN/DFR 074). Next the data sheets filled when being generated the ECP02.DAT database at the beginning of the cycle are provided. In the IT.SN/DFR 079 report 'Adjustment and Preliminary Evaluation of the Predictions of Criticity of the ECP Program with Reported Data of Cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde, the results of the comparison among the estimates of the ECP program using the ECP02.DAT with the real data of the Cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde are presented. (Author)

  5. Waterbirds and human-related threats to their conservation in Laguna Cuyutlán, Colima, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Mellink

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Laguna Cuyutlán, the only large wetland in a span of 1 150 km along the Pacific coast of México, has been neglected as to its importance for waterbird conservation. At least 25 waterbird species nest there, with some of their colonies being very relevant, and at least 61 waterbird species use the lagoon during their nonbreeding season. This lagoon has been subject to several structural modifications, including levees and artificial channels which connect it to the sea, while water supply from continental sources has diminished, although its role has not been assessed yet. Salt extraction and artisanal fishery, the main economic activities, do not seem to pose a threat to waterbirds. Among potential threats to this acquatic ecosystem, are the raw sewage discharges that exist near urban areas, and pesticides from the surrounding agricultural lands might reach the lagoon. Seemingly, the most serious threat comes from waterway development in connection with a re-gasification plant to be built, and planned future port expansion, which could potentially increase water levels and alter important habitats for nesting and foraging. We recommend that: the area be declared an Important Bird Area; the development of the re-gasification plant and future port includes a levee to prevent alterations in water level in the remaining sections of the lagoon; supply of exogenous chemicals and waste products be prevented and monitored; alleged benefits from water interchange between the lagoon and the sea through artificial channels should be re-evaluated; and the role of fresh water supplies to the lagoon should be paid attention to. Rev. Biol. Trop. 57 (1-2: 1-12. Epub 2009 June 30.Laguna Cuyutlán, el único humedal grande a lo largo de 1 150 km del Pacífico mexicano, no ha sido considerado un ecosistema natural importante para la conservación de aves acuáticas. Cuando menos 25 especies de aves acuáticas anidan ahí, y al menos 61 especies de aves acu

  6. SUN-RAH: a nucleoelectric BWR university simulator based in reduced order models; SUN-RAH: simulador universitario de nucleoelectrica BWR basado en modelos de orden reducido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morales S, J.B.; Lopez R, A.; Sanchez B, A.; Sanchez S, R.; Hernandez S, A. [DEPFI, Campus Morelos, en IMTA Jiutepec, Morelos (Mexico)]. e-mail: jms0620@yahoo.com

    2003-07-01

    The development of a simulator that allows to represent the dynamics of a nucleo electric central, with nuclear reactor of the BWR type, using reduced order models is presented. These models present the characteristics defined by the dominant poles of the system (1) and most of those premature operation transitories in a power station can be reproduced with considerable fidelity if the models are identified with data of plant or references of a code of better estimate like RAMONA, TRAC (2) or RELAP. The models of the simulator are developments or own simplifications starting from the physical laws and retaining the main terms. This work describes the objective of the project and the general specifications of the University student of Nucleo electric simulator with Boiling Water Reactor type (SUN-RAH) as well as the finished parts that fundamentally are the nuclear reactor, the one of steam supply (NSSS), the plant balance (BOP), the main controllers of the plant and the implemented graphic interfaces. The pendent goals as well as the future developments and applications of SUN-RAH are described. (Author)

  7. A comparative study of long-baseline superbeams within LAGUNA for large $\\theta_{13}$

    CERN Document Server

    Coloma, Pilar; Pascoli, Silvia

    2012-01-01

    The Daya Bay and RENO experiments have recently observed a non-zero $\\theta_{13}$ at more than $5\\sigma$ CL. This has important consequences for future neutrino oscillation experiments. We analyze these within the LAGUNA design study which considers seven possible locations for a European neutrino observatory for proton decay, neutrino, and astroparticle physics. The megaton-scale detector would be an ideal target for a CERN-based neutrino beam with baselines ranging from 130 km to 2300 km. We perform a detailed study to assess the physics reach of the three detector options - a 440 kton water \\v{C}erenkov, a 100 kton liquid argon and a 50 kton liquid scintillator detector - at each of the possible locations, taking into account the recent measurement of $\\theta_{13}$. We study the impact of the beam properties and detector performances on the sensitivity to CP-violation and the mass hierarchy. We find that a liquid argon or water \\v{C}erenkov detector can make a $3\\sigma$ discovery of CP violation for $60%-7...

  8. Estimation of seismic return periods in the Laguna Verde nuclear plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flores R, J.H.

    1992-01-01

    The study of seismic risk in the area of the Laguna Verde Nucleo electric plant (PNLV) and its surroundings, one carries out estimating the different return periods and the occurrence probability in different intervals of time (5, 75, 100, 125, 150 years starting from the distribution of first type of Gumbel (G1) of extreme values (Burton, 1986), the value that was used to evaluate the useful life of the PNLV was of 50 years, the other periods will be occupy to evaluate 'temporal' nuclear cemeteries, that is to say for diminish the radioactive activity of the fuel assemblies already burned in the reactor pool or in a near place to the place. The seismic data that were used for the analysis were of the seismic catalog that it was elaborated from (1920-1982), around the place whose seismic half magnitude was of 5 grades Richter and a depth 65 km, these earthquakes are classified as shallow earthquakes, which are located in the continental plaque of North-America, these they are induced by the efforts of push of the plaque of Cocos, existing 36% of intermediate and 2 of deep earthquakes. (Author)

  9. Radiocarbon dating of the Peruvian Chachapoya/Inca site at the Laguna de los Condores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wild, Eva Maria; Guillen, Sonia; Kutschera, Walter; Seidler, Horst; Steier, Peter

    2007-01-01

    In 1997 a new archaeological site was discovered in the Peruvian tropical rain forest. The site is located in an area which has been occupied by the Chachapoya, a pre-Incan people, from about 800AD on. The site comprises a large funerary place with several mausoleums built in the cliffs next to the Laguna de los Condores. More than 200 human mummies and funerary bone-bundles together with numerous grave artefacts have been found there. Although the site has been ascribed to the Chachapoya, the mummification method used is very similar to the one applied by the Inca. As part of an ongoing multidisciplinary project to explore the history of this site and of the Chachapoya people, twenty-seven (27) 14 C-AMS age determinations were performed. Samples, bones and textile wrappings as well as samples from a funerary bone bundle plus associated grave artefacts were dated. The 14 C data show that the site originates from the Chachapoya pre-Inca period and that in addition, it was used as a funerary place during the subsequent Inca occupation era. The radiocarbon results indicate that the Chachapoya may have changed their burial tradition due to the colonization by the Inca

  10. Analysis of the Power oscillations event in Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant. Preliminary Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gonzalez M, V.M.; Amador G, R.; Castillo, R.; Hernandez, J.L.

    1995-01-01

    The event occurred at Unit 1 of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant in January 24, 1995, is analyzed using the Ramona 3 B code. During this event, Unit 1 suffered power oscillation when operating previous to the transfer at high speed recirculating pumps. This phenomenon was timely detected by reactor operator who put the reactor in shut-down doing a manual Scram. Oscillations reached a maximum extent of 10.5% of nominal power from peak to peak with a frequency of 0.5 Hz. Preliminary evaluations show that the event did not endangered the fuel integrity. The results of simulating the reactor core with Ramona 3 B code show that this code is capable to moderate reactor oscillations. Nevertheless it will be necessary to perform a more detailed simulation of the event in order to prove that the code can predict the beginning of oscillations. It will be need an additional analysis which permit the identification of factors that influence the reactor stability in order to express recommendations and in this way avoid the recurrence of this kind of events. (Author)

  11. Reproduction of the flow-power map of the Laguna Verde power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amador G, R.; Gonzalez M, V.M.

    1993-01-01

    The National Commission of Nuclear Safety and Safeguards (CNSNS) requires to have calculation tools which allows it to make analysis independent of the behavior of the reactor core of Laguna Verde nuclear power plant (CNLV) with the purpose to support the evaluation and discharge activities of the fuel recharges licensing. The software package Fms (Fuel Management System) allows to carry out an analysis of the core of the BWR type reactors along the operation cycle to detect possible anomalies and/or helping in the fuel management. In this work it is reproduced the flow-power for the CNLV using the Presto code of the Fms software package. The comparison of results with the map used by the operators of CNLV shows good agreement between them. Another exercise carried out was the changes study that the axial and radial power outlines undergo as well as the thermohydraulic parameters (LHGR, APLHGR, CPR) when moving a control rod. The obtained results show that is had the experience to effect analysis of the reactor behavior using the Presto-Fms code therefore the study of the rest of the software package for the obtention of nuclear parameters used in this code is recommended. (Author)

  12. Late Holocene Lake Level Fluctuations at Laguna Arapa, Peru and Connections to Human Demography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillman, A. L.; Abbott, M. B.; Werne, J. P.; Arkush, E.; Thompson, L. G.; Ferland, T.; Holmes, E.; Puhnaty, C.; Woods, A.

    2016-12-01

    The relationship between variations in hydroclimate and human demography on the Peruvian Altiplano has significant implications for understanding how people in the past have adapted to changes in freshwater resources. To investigate these human-environmental interactions, this project presents a 2,000 year sediment record from Laguna Arapa, a large lake that is Titicaca. Using sedimentology and stratigraphy as well as a suite of organic geochemical proxies including fecal 5β-stanols and leaf waxes (long chain n-alkanoic acids), we aim to tie together proxies of human population with indicators of regional hydroclimate. Preliminary results of sedimentology and stratigraphy show notable transitions from sand to silt to clay, suggesting rising lake level sequences at 500 and 700 AD. The last 1,300 years of sediment are characterized by alternating layers of organic rich material with abundant charcoal and black inorganic clay, suggesting intermittent periods of aridity and/or anthropogenic fire-setting. These layers are particularly frequent during the Medieval Climate Anomaly, which was characterized by dry and warm conditions. These results agree well with other records of hydroclimate from regional lakes as well as accumulation rate and temperature from the Quelccaya ice cap. Organic geochemical work is currently in progress and shows promise for linking together proxies of human demography with hydroclimate to understand the relationship between human settlement and climate change.

  13. Estimating floodplain sedimentation in the Laguna de Santa Rosa, Sonoma County, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Jennifer A.; Flint, Lorraine E.; Hupp, Cliff R.

    2013-01-01

    We present a conceptual and analytical framework for predicting the spatial distribution of floodplain sedimentation for the Laguna de Santa Rosa, Sonoma County, CA. We assess the role of the floodplain as a sink for fine-grained sediment and investigate concerns regarding the potential loss of flood storage capacity due to historic sedimentation. We characterized the spatial distribution of sedimentation during a post-flood survey and developed a spatially distributed sediment deposition potential map that highlights zones of floodplain sedimentation. The sediment deposition potential map, built using raster files that describe the spatial distribution of relevant hydrologic and landscape variables, was calibrated using 2 years of measured overbank sedimentation data and verified using longer-term rates determined using dendrochronology. The calibrated floodplain deposition potential relation was used to estimate an average annual floodplain sedimentation rate (3.6 mm/year) for the ~11 km2 floodplain. This study documents the development of a conceptual model of overbank sedimentation, describes a methodology to estimate the potential for various parts of a floodplain complex to accumulate sediment over time, and provides estimates of short and long-term overbank sedimentation rates that can be used for ecosystem management and prioritization of restoration activities.

  14. Results of Cable Aging Management Tests for Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garcia Hernandez, E.E.; Vazquez Cervantes, R.M.; Bonifacio M, J.; Garcia Garcia, J.

    2012-01-01

    Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (LVNPP) located in Veracruz, Mexico is a BWR plant, two Units with 810 MWe each one, Unit 1 (1989) and Unit 2 (1990). The Equipment Qualification (EQ) Group at the Nuclear Research National Institute (ININ) has been working with the plant on tasks to develop the LVNPP cables Aging Management Program (AMP), as part of the technical basis to extend the operational life of the plant through license renewal up to 60 years. LVNPP cables are qualified for 40 years plus a LOCA DBA in accordance with 10.CFR 50.49 and the IEEE Std-323 and IEEE St. 383. The first studies for cables AMP have been performed with samples of safety related I and C cables taken from the LVNPP warehouse, similar brands and models as installed at the plant. ININ applied the condition monitoring techniques to these samples to identify predictive degradation and to establish the methodology for cables AMP, focused to the LVNPP license renewal. Cable tests program has been running at the EQ Lab in ININ, performing accelerated aging by steps up to 60 years and to 40 years plus a LOCA test. Determination for Activation Energy (Ea) and Oxidation Induction Time (OIT) methods were developed applying a DSC/TGA calorimeter. (author)

  15. Questions to the reactors power upgrade of the Nuclear Power Plant of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salas M, B.

    2014-08-01

    The two reactors of the Nuclear Power Plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-L V) were subjected to power upgrade labors with the purpose of achieving 20% upgrade on the original power; these labors concluded in August 24, 2010 for the Reactor 1 and in January 16, 2011 for the Reactor 2, however in January of 2014, the NNP-L V has not received by part of the Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS) the new Operation License to be able to work with the new power, because it does not fulfill all the necessary requirements of safety. In this work is presented and analyzed the information obtained in this respect, with data provided by the Instituto Federal de Acceso a la Informacion Publica y Proteccion de Datos (IFAI) and the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) in Mexico, as well as the opinion of some workers of the NPP-L V. The Governing Board of the CFE announcement that will give special continuation to the behavior on the operation and reliability of the NPP-L V, because the frequency of not announced interruptions was increased 7 times more in the last three years. (Author)

  16. Las lagunas estratigráficas y las superficies negativas en arqueología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murillo Fragero, José I.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Owing much to geological research, archaeological stratigraphy and its tools and principles are developed through continuous experiences following a model of critical study and reflection. In this case, we have attempted to approach the issue of stratigraphic gaps, a concept that includes various processes (hiatuses, erosional gaps and that we have identified through negative surfaces. Their definition and documentation is often vital in archaeological analysis and historical archaeology.La estratigrafía arqueológica, deudora de la investigación geológica, templa sus herramientas y desarrolla sus principios gracias a las continuas experiencias llevadas a cabo de acuerdo a un modelo de trabajo y reflexión crítico. En este caso, hemos pretendido un acercamiento al tema de las lagunas estratigráficas, concepto que encierra distintos procesos (hiatos, vacíos erosionales y que identificamos gracias a las superficies negativas. Su definición y documentación es, a menudo, clave en el análisis arqueológico de la arquitectura histórica.

  17. Geological-Geophysical integration in the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant site and its surroundings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flores Ruiz, J.H.

    1990-01-01

    As part of comprehensive, nationwide evaluation of the Seismic risk at the Nuclear Power Plant site of the Laguna Verde (LVNP) the first of the acceleration ground motion maps, covering for a circular distance value 200 Km around, has been prepared. The maps were created the acceleration grounds motion expected over intervals 1, 25, 50, 100 and 200 years by using Gumbel's (I, III) theory of extreme value statistics of the seismic data. It's reaching operating basis earthquake (OBE) value 0.1 g. in 100 years forecasting and 200 years this value is 0.114 G is more than OBE, but minor than safety shutdown earthquake (SSE). The acceleration ground motion risk maps are compared to regional geology, seismicity (1920-1982) and gravity data. Good correlations are found between the accelerations ground motion risk and seismicity. A spatial correlation observed between gravity and structure with acceleration ground motion rise is considered a secondary the structural effect. Locations of the currently operating NPP correspond to low seismicity risk area. Based on these comparations, it is concluded that the method provides geologically reasonable results which are usable in a nationwide NPP assessment program (Author)

  18. Implementation of the project of equipment reliability in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rios O, J. E.; Martinez L, A. G.

    2008-01-01

    A equipment is reliable if it fulfills the function for which was designed and when it is required. To implement a project of reliability in a nuclear power plant this associate to a process of continuous analysis of the operation, of the conditions and faults of the equipment. The analysis of the operation of a system, of the equipment of the same faults and the parts that integrate to equipment take to identify the potential causes of faults. The predictive analysis on components and equipment allow to rectify and to establish guides to optimize the maintenance and to guarantee the reliability and function of the same ones. The reliability in the equipment is without place to doubts a wide project that embraces from the more small component of the equipment going by the proof of the parts of reserve, the operation conditions until the operative techniques of analysis. Without place of doubt for a nuclear power plant the taking of decisions based on the reliability of their systems and equipment will be the appropriate for to assure the operation and reliability of the same one. In this work would appear the project of reliability its processes, criteria, indicators action of improvement and the interaction of the different disciplines from the Nuclear Power Plant of Laguna Verde like a fundamental point for it put in operation. (Author)

  19. Plan de ecoturismo para la laguna de Solano (Guabizhún

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Castro

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo turístico de la laguna de Guabizhún y sus áreas de influencia se encuentra sustentado en el aprovechamiento sostenible de sus atractivos turísticos naturales y culturales, así como de los del entorno geográfico, mediante el diseño y la ejecución de programas para la gestión, la instalación de la planta turística adecuada y la infraestructura de apoyo al desarrollo del turismo de naturaleza, de acuerdo con los objetivos de sustentabilidad en sus dimensiones económica, ambiental y cultural del sitio y los conectores que forman las actividades turísticas y recreativas del área. Por ello, es importante destacar la participación de las comunidades en el desarrollo de la actividad turística, que pueden aportar como alternativa válida para mejorar las condiciones de vida local y ayudar indudablemente a la conservación de los ambientes naturales y, sobre todo, del patrimonio cultural de los pueblos, mediante una planificación y un control adecuados de los recursos, donde la actividad del ecoturismo puede llegar a constituir una fuente importante de ingresos.

  20. Economic analysis of extended cycles in the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hernandez N, H.; Hernandez M, J.L.; Francois L, J.L.

    2004-01-01

    The present work presents a preliminary analysis of economic type of extended cycles of operation of the Unit One in the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant. It is analysed an equilibrium cycle of 18 months firstly, with base to the Plan of Use of Energy of the Federal Commission of Electricity, being evaluated the cost of the energy until the end of the useful life of the plant. Later on an alternative recharge scenario is presented with base to an equilibrium cycle of 24 months, implemented to the beginning of the cycle 11, without considering transition cycles. It is added in both cycles the cost of the substitution energy, considering the unitary cost of the fuel of a dual thermoelectric power station of 350 M We and evaluating in each operation cycle, in both scenarios, the value of the substitution energy. The results show that a reduction of the days of recharge in the cycle of 24 months could make this option but favorable economically. The duration of the period of recharge rebounds in considerable grade in the cost of energy generation for concept of fuel. (Author)

  1. Modeling of the vapor cycle of Laguna Verde with the PEPSE code to conditions of thermal power licensed at present (2027 MWt)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castaneda G, M. A.; Maya G, F.; Medel C, J. E.; Cardenas J, J. B.; Cruz B, H. J.; Mercado V, J. J.

    2011-11-01

    By means of the use of the performance evaluation of power system efficiencies (PEPSE) code was modeled the vapor cycle of the nuclear power station of Laguna Verde to reproduce the nuclear plant behavior to conditions of thermal power, licensed at present (2027 MWt); with the purpose of having a base line before the implementation of the project of extended power increase. The model of the gauged vapor cycle to reproduce the nuclear plant conditions makes use of the PEPSE model, design case of the vapor cycle of nuclear power station of Laguna Verde, which has as main components of the model the great equipment of the vapor cycle of Laguna Verde. The design case model makes use of information about the design requirements of each equipment for theoretically calculating the electric power of exit, besides thermodynamic conditions of the vapor cycle in different points. Starting from the design model and making use of data of the vapor cycle measured in the nuclear plant; the adjustment factors were calculated for the different equipment s of the vapor cycle, to reproduce with the PEPSE model the real vapor cycle of Laguna Verde. Once characterized the model of the vapor cycle of Laguna Verde, we can realize different sensibility studies to determine the effects macros to the vapor cycle by the variation of certain key parameters. (Author)

  2. Information to the public on risk prevention arising from energy production in nuclear power plants; Informacion al publico sobre prevencion de riesgos en la produccion de energia nucleoelectrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giannangeli, C A; Bermudez, L A; Sanchez, R A [Nucleoelectrica Argentina SA (NASA), Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    1999-12-31

    queda en un lugar secundario. El proposito del presente trabajo es analizar las condiciones de un proceso comunicativo para tranmitir una informacion objetiva sobre las radiaciones, en los distintos niveles de recepcion, a fin de presentar lineas orientativas a las instituciones de trascendencia social, incluidos profesionales medicos y autoridades sanitarias, asi como al publico en general, en terminos de capacitacion e interaccion con grupos afectados profesionalmente al quehacer radiologico. A tal fin, se realizo una encuesta en un area programatica de un radio de 50 km alrededor de las Centrales Nucleares, para determinar sobre el conocimiento de los factores que influyen en la percepcion de riesgos de radiacion. Los resultados mostraron que se destacaban fundamentalmente tres factores; `temor`, `desconocimiento` y `poblacion expuesta`, con ponderaciones distintas, relacionadas con el contexto social y caracteristicas individuales de los entrevistados. Dentro de este marco se da a conocer el sistema medico-sanitario para eventos radiologicos en sus tres niveles de organizacion, asi como los programas de capacitacion y evaluacion de los sistemas disenados para afrontar los mismos. (autor)

  3. Distribución de los microcrustáceos en lagunas de Castilla-La Mancha. Ciclos estacionales y migración vertical en lagunas cársticas estratificadas

    OpenAIRE

    Boronat Chirivella, Mª Dolores

    2003-01-01

    RESUMEN Este trabajo presenta el estudio ecológico de los microcrustáceos planctónicos o semiplanctónicos de las aguas continentales siendo tres los objetivos principales. (1). Relacionar la distribución de estos organismos con las características físico-químicas de sus hábitats e intentar establecer una tipología de los mismos basada en las asociaciones de microcrustáceos. Se estudiaron los litorales de 45 lagunas de Castilla-La Mancha, encontrándose un total de 82 especies (32 copépod...

  4. Composición y abundancia del zooplancton en la laguna El Morro, Isla de Margarita, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Villalba

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Se analizó la composición y abundancia del zooplancton de la laguna El Morro en la isla de Margarita, Venezuela, durante el periodo de surgencia (marzo-mayo 2011 y de relajación (junio-agosto 2011. Las muestras fueron recolectadas en 6 estaciones de las diferentes zonas de la laguna. Se realizaron calados con una red de plancton de 333 µm durante 10 minutos. Se midió in situ la temperatura, salinidad y oxígeno disuelto, además de nutrientes. Se registraron valores medios de temperatura de 29.7 ºC, salinidad de 36 ups, oxígeno disuelto de 5.9 mg.L-1. La concentración de nutrientes fue baja (medias de 0.12; 0.04; 0.03 mg.L-1 para nitrato, nitrito y fosfato, respectivamente. Se detectaron diferencias significativas temporales con mayores registros en la temporada de relajación, mientras que espacialmente no mostró diferencias, a pesar que en las estaciones internas (Est. 4,5,6 se obtuvo mayor abundancia. Se identificaron quince grupos zooplanctónicos, determinándose nueve especies del grupo Copepoda, dos de Cladocera, una de Decapoda, Tunicada y Rotifera y diferentes formas larvarias de distintos taxa. Las larvas de crustáceos presentaron la abundancia media y relativa más alta (47738 ind.m-3 y 46.83%, respectivamente, seguido del copépodo Oithona nana (31740 ind.m-3 y 25.94%, respectivamente y Paracalanus quasimodo (12958 ind.m-3 y 8.47%, respectivamente. Esta laguna involucra la estacionalidad surgencia-relajación como un efecto importante en la distribución y abundancia del zooplancton.

  5. Field reconnaissance of the effects of the earthquake of April 13, 1973, near Laguna de Arenal, Costa Rica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plafker, George

    1973-01-01

    At about 3:34 a.m. on April 13, 1973, a moderate-sized, but widely-felt, earthquake caused extensive damage with loss of 23 lives in a rural area of about 150 km2 centered just south of Laguna de Arenal in northwestern Costa Rica (fig. 1). This report summarizes the results of the writer's reconnaissance investigation of the area that was affected by the earthquake of April 13, 1973. A 4-day field study of the meizoseismal area was carried out during the period from April 28 through May 1 under the auspices of the U.S. Geological Survey. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate geologic factors that contributed to the damage and loss of life. The earthquake was also of special interest because of the possibility that it was accompanied by surface faulting comparable to that which occurred at Managua, Nicaragua, during the disastrous earthquake of December 23, 1972 (Brown, Ward, and Plafker, 1973). Such earthquake-related surface faulting can provide scientifically valuable information on active tectonic processes at shallow depths within the Middle America arc. Also, identification of active faults in this area is of considerable practical importance because of the planned construction of a major hydroelectrical facility within the meizoseismal area by the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (I.C.E.). The project would involve creation of a storage reservoir within the Laguna de Arenal basin and part of the Río Arenal valley with a 75 m-high earthfill dam across Río Arenal at a point about 10 km east of the outlet of Laguna de Arenal.

  6. Origin and evolution of the Laguna Potrok Aike maar (Southern Patagonia, Argentina) as revealed by seismic data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebhardt, C.; de Batist, M. A.; Niessen, F.; Anselmetti, F.; Ariztegui, D.; Haberzettl, T.; Ohlendorf, C.; Zolitschka, B.

    2009-12-01

    Seismic reflection and refraction data provide insights into the sedimentary infill and the underlying volcanic structure of Laguna Potrok Aike, a maar lake situated in the Pali Aike Volcanic Field, Southern Patagonia. The lake has a diameter of ~3.5 km, a maximum water depth of ~100 m and a presumed age of ~770 ka. Its sedimentary regime is influenced by climatic and hydrologic conditions related to the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, the Southern Hemispheric Westerlies and sporadic outbreaks of Antarctic polar air masses. Multiproxy environmental reconstructions of the last 16 ka document that this terminal lake is highly sensitive to climate change. Laguna Potrok Aike has recently become a major focus of the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program and was drilled down to 100 m below lake floor in late 2008 within the PASADO project. The sediments are likely to contain a continental record spanning the last ca. 80 kyrs unique in the South American realm. Seismic reflection data show relatively undisturbed, stratified lacustrine sediments at least in the upper ~100 m of the sedimentary infill but are obscured possibly by gas and/or coarser material in larger areas. A model calculated from seismic refraction data reveals a funnel-shaped structure embedded in the sandstone rocks of the surrounding Santa Cruz Formation. This funnel structure is filled by lacustrine sediments of up to 370 m in thickness. These can be separated into two distinct subunits with low acoustic velocities of 1500-1800 m s-1 in the upper subunit pointing at unconsolidated lacustrine muds, and enhanced velocities of 2000-2350 m s-1 in the lower subunit. Below these lacustrine sediments, a unit of probably volcanoclastic origin is observed (>2400 m s-1). This sedimentary succession is well comparable to other well-studied sequences (e.g. Messel and Baruth maars, Germany), confirming phreatomagmatic maar explosions as the origin of Laguna Potrok Aike.

  7. Work report 1995-1996; Informe de Labores 1995-1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    National Institute of Nuclear Research

    1997-12-31

    The Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares presents the results obtained from the activities carried out during the period 1995-1996. This report is divided into 3 main sections, plus a statistical appendix. The first section points out the importance that the Institute has obtained within the national context, as well as within the state industry of Mexico, emphasizing the support given to the Central Nucleoelectrica of Laguna Verde (sponsored by the Comision Federal de Electricidad), and to the technical cooperation programs, at international level, in the fields of nuclear science and technology. The second section gathers the results of operation and investment, dedicated to cover the expenses of services and employment, commercialization, administrative development, productivity and operative efficiency; external economic relations and some relevant aspects of the budget and financial situation. The third one corresponds to the researches that are actually being developed; their results will be presented in the forthcoming reports. (Author).

  8. Work report 1995-1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    National Institute of Nuclear Research.

    1996-01-01

    The Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares presents the results obtained from the activities carried out during the period 1995-1996. This report is divided into 3 main sections, plus a statistical appendix. The first section points out the importance that the Institute has obtained within the national context, as well as within the state industry of Mexico, emphasizing the support given to the Central Nucleoelectrica of Laguna Verde (sponsored by the Comision Federal de Electricidad), and to the technical cooperation programs, at international level, in the fields of nuclear science and technology. The second section gathers the results of operation and investment, dedicated to cover the expenses of services and employment, commercialization, administrative development, productivity and operative efficiency; external economic relations and some relevant aspects of the budget and financial situation. The third one corresponds to the researches that are actually being developed; their results will be presented in the forthcoming reports. (Author)

  9. The LAGUNA design study-towards giant liquid based underground detectors for neutrino physics and astrophysics and proton decay searches

    CERN Document Server

    Angus, D; Autiero, D.; Apostu, A.; Badertscher, A.; Bennet, T.; Bertola, G.; Bertola, P.F.; Besida, O.; Bettini, A.; Booth, C.; Borne, J.L.; Brancus, I.; Bujakowsky, W.; Campagne, J.E.; Danil, G.Cata; Chipesiu, F.; Chorowski, M.; Cripps, J.; Curioni, A.; Davidson, S.; Declais, Y.; Drost, U.; Duliu, O.; Dumarchez, J.; Enqvist, T.; Ereditato, A.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Fynbo, H.; Gamble, T.; Galvanin, G.; Gendotti, A.; Gizicki, W.; Goger-Neff, M.; Grasslin, U.; Gurney, D.; Hakala, M.; Hannestad, S.; Haworth, M.; Horikawa, S.; Jipa, A.; Juget, F.; Kalliokoski, T.; Katsanevas, S.; Keen, M.; Kisiel, J.; Kreslo, I.; Kudryastev, V.; Kuusiniemi, P.; Labarga, L.; Lachenmaier, T.; Lanfranchi, J.C.; Lazanu, I.; Lewke, T.; Loo, K.; Lightfoot, P.; Lindner, M.; Longhin, A.; Maalampi, J.; Marafini, M.; Marchionni, A.; Margineanu, R.M.; Markiewicz, A.; Marrodan-Undagoita, T.; Marteau, J.E.; Matikainen, R.; Meindl, Q.; Messina, M.; Mietelski, J.W.; Mitrica, B.; Mordasini, A.; Mosca, L.; Moser, U.; Nuijten, G.; Oberauer, L.; Oprina, A.; Paling, S.; Pascoli, S.; Patzak, T.; Pectu, M.; Pilecki, Z.; Piquemal, F.; Potzel, W.; Pytel, W.; Raczynski, M.; Rafflet, G.; Ristaino, G.; Robinson, M.; Rogers, R.; Roinisto, J.; Romana, M.; Rondio, E.; Rossi, B.; Rubbia, A.; Sadecki, Z.; Saenz, C.; Saftoiu, A.; Salmelainen, J.; Sima, O.; Slizowski, J.; Slizowski, K.; Sobczyk, J.; Spooner, N.; Stoica, S.; Suhonen, J.; Sulej, R.; Szarska, M.; Szeglowski, T.; Temussi, M.; Thompson, J.; Thompson, L.; Trzaska, W.H.; Tippmann, M.; Tonazzo, A.; Urbanczyk, K.; Vasseur, G.; Williams, A.; Winter, J.; Wojutszewska, K.; Wurm, M.; Zalewska, A.; Zampaolo, M.; Zito, M.

    2010-01-01

    The feasibility of a next generation neutrino observatory in Europe is being considered within the LAGUNA design study. To accommodate giant neutrino detectors and shield them from cosmic rays, a new very large underground infrastructure is required. Seven potential candidate sites in different parts of Europe and at several distances from CERN are being studied: Boulby (UK), Canfranc (Spain), Fr\\'ejus (France/Italy), Pyh\\"asalmi (Finland), Polkowice-Sieroszowice (Poland), Slanic (Romania) and Umbria (Italy). The design study aims at the comprehensive and coordinated technical assessment of each site, at a coherent cost estimation, and at a prioritization of the sites within the summer 2010.

  10. Society and Environment Interaction. The Environment of the Laguna de los Tollos (Western Andalusia, 13th-15th Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio MARTÍN GUTIÉRREZ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Environment of the Laguna de los Tollos is studied between 13th and 15th Centuries. The research, which aims to analyse the interaction environment-society, is part of a project that will deepen the knowledge of wetlands in this geographical area. In these ecosystems rural communities took advantage with their farmland for hunting, herding, fishing and gathering resources in riparian areas. The chosen chronological period includes a wide range of changes that had a direct impact on the management and organization of rural landscapes.

  11. Mar Menor: una laguna singular y sensible. Evaluación científica de su estado

    OpenAIRE

    León, V.M. (Víctor Manuel); Bellido-Millán, J.M. (José María); Barcala-Bellod, E. (Elena); Vivas-Salvador, M. (Miguel); Franco-Navarro, I.J. (Ignacio José); García-Alcázar, A. (Alicia); Abellán-Martínez, E. (Emilia); Díaz-del-Río-Español, V. (Víctor); Moreno-González, R. (Rubén); Campillo-González, J.A. (Juan Antonio); Albentosa, M. (Marina)

    2016-01-01

    La información recogida en este libro se estructura en dos grandes bloques, uno de Biología y Ecología del Mar Menor (capítulos 1 al 8) y otro de Condiciones fisicoquímicas e impacto de actividades humanas en la laguna (capítulos 9 al 14). El primer bloque resume buena parte de los estudios ecológicos realizados en el Mar Menor, que han servido para mejorar su conocimiento y también para cambiar antiguas asunciones sobre la naturaleza y el funcionamiento de estos ecosistemas lagunares (C...

  12. La sedimentación salina actual en las lagunas de La Mancha: una síntesis.

    OpenAIRE

    Peña Zarzuelo, Antonio de la; Marfil, R.

    1986-01-01

    [ES] La Mancha es una región natural de más de 30.000 Km2, caracterizada por una topografía extraordinariamente plana y un clima de tipo semiárido (Cuadro 1, Fig. 2), en la que existen numerosas lagunas salinas (Fig. 1), la mayoría de las cuales, por su régimen anual, pueden ser consideradas como «playa-lakes» (Fig. 3). Desde el punto de vista hidroquimico sus salmueras están integradas por: a) aniones: SO4 y Cl, con CO3 y CO 3H subordinados, y b) cationes: Mg 2+ y ...

  13. National autonomous university of Mexico RELAP/SCDAPSIM-based plant simulation and training applications to the Laguna Verde NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chavez-Mercado, C.; Hohorst, J.K.; Allison, C.M.

    2004-01-01

    The RELAP/SCDAPSIM code, designed to predict the behavior of reactor systems during normal and accident conditions, is being developed by Innovative Systems Software as part of the International SCDAP Development and Training Program (SDTP). This code is being used as the simulator engine for the National Autonomous University of Mexico's Simulation and Training Facility located at the Campus Morelos in Jiutepec, Mexico. This paper describes the RELAP/SCDAPSIM code, the Simulation and Training facility at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and the application of the training system to the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant located in the Mexican state of Veracruz. (author)

  14. Introduction of fuel GE14 in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde for the extended increase of power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hernandez M, N.; Vargas A, A. F.; Cardenas J, J. B.; Contreras C, P.

    2008-01-01

    The project of extended increase of power responds to a necessity of electrical energy in the country, increasing the thermal exit of the reactors of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde of 2027 MWt to 2317 MWt. In order to support this transition, changes will make in the configuration of the reactor core and in the operation strategies of the cycle, also they will take initiatives to optimize the economy in fuel cycle. At present in both reactors of the nuclear plant of Laguna Verde fuel GE12 is used. The fuel GE14 presents displays with respect to the GE12, some improvements in the mechanical design and consequently in its performance generally. Between these improvements we can mention: 1. Spacers of high performance. 2. Shielding with barrier. 3. Filter for sweepings d ebris a nd 4. Fuel rods of minor partial length. The management of nuclear power plants has decided to introduce the use of fuel GE14 in Laguna Verde in the reload 14 for Unit 1 and of the reload 10 for Unit 2. The process of new introduction fuel GE14 consists of two stages, first consists on subjecting the one new design of fuel to the regulator organism in the USA: Nuclear Regulatory Commission, in Mexico the design must be analyzed and authorized by the National Commission of Nuclear Safety and Safeguards, for its approval of generic form, by means of the demonstration of the fulfillment with the amendment 22 of GESTAR II, the second stage includes the specific analyses of plant to justify the use of the new fuel design in a reload core. The nuclear plant of Laguna Verde would use some of the results of the security analyses that have been realized for the project of extended increase of power with fuel GE14, to document the specific analyses of plant with the new fuel design. The result of the analyses indicates that the reload lots are increased of 116-120 assemblies in present conditions (2027 MWt) to 140-148 assemblies in conditions of extended increase of power (2317 MWt). (Author)

  15. Nuevas evidencias geofísicas de la existencia de una caldera cubierta en laguna Pozuelos: Puna norte

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia B Prezzi; Federico Lince Klinger

    2010-01-01

    En el extremo sur de la cuenca de laguna de Pozuelos aflora el complejo volcánico Pan de Azúcar. El mismo está integrado por varios centros eruptivos de composición dacítica y morfología dómica que poseen una edad de ~12 Ma. Interpretaciones previas de líneas sísmicas y un relevamiento magnetométrico detallado indicaron la presencia de cuerpos intrusivos no aflorantes. La determinación de la existencia de nuevos cuerpos intrusivos no aflorantes en la zona resulta de interés debido a que: 1) e...

  16. Mortandad de peces en la laguna de Yahuarcocha, cantón Ibarra, provincia de Imbabura. Febrero 2003

    OpenAIRE

    Maridueña, Ana; Chalén, Norma; Coello, Dialhy; Cajas, Jacqueline; Elías, Esteban; Solís, Pilar; Aguilar, Fernando

    2011-01-01

    En febrero de 2003 en la Laguna de Yahuarcocha, se registró la muerte masiva de peces, estimándose que morían aproximadamente 500 peces/m2 por causas no conocidas. Fenómeno que se mantuvo durante algunas semanas disminuyendo paulatinamente el número de muertes. El Instituto Nacional de Pesca realizó un monitoreo durante los días 19 y 20 de marzo, con la finalidad de determinar las posibles causas, para lo cual se analizaron los parámetros ambientales, biológicos, identificación de las especie...

  17. Analysis of the documents about the core envelopment of nuclear reactor at the Laguna Verde U-1 power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zamora R, L.; Medina F, A.

    1999-01-01

    The degradation of internal components at BWR type reactors is an important subject to consider in the performance availability of the power plant. The Wuergassen nuclear reactor license was confiscated due to the presence of cracking in the core envelopment. In consequence it is necessary carrying out a detailed study with the purpose to avoid these problems in the future. This report presents a review and analysis of documents and technical information referring to the core envelopment of a BWR/5/6 and the Laguna Verde Unit 1 nuclear reactor in Mexico. In this document are presented design data, documents about fabrication processes, and manufacturing of core envelopment. (Author)

  18. Dynamics of a large, restless, rhyolitic magma system at Laguna del Maule, southern Andes, Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singer, Brad S.; Andersen, Nathan L.; Le Mével, Hélène; Feigl, Kurt L.; DeMets, Charles; Tikoff, Basil; Thurber, Clifford H.; Jicha, Brian R.; Cardonna, Carlos; Córdova, Loreto; Gil, Fernando; Unsworth, Martyn J.; Williams-Jones, Glyn; Miller, Craig W.; Fierstein, Judith; Hildreth, Edward; Vazquez, Jorge A.

    2014-01-01

    Explosive eruptions of large-volume rhyolitic magma systems are common in the geologic record and pose a major potential threat to society. Unlike other natural hazards, such as earthquakes and tsunamis, a large rhyolitic volcano may provide warning signs long before a caldera-forming eruption occurs. Yet, these signs—and what they imply about magma-crust dynamics—are not well known. This is because we have learned how these systems form, grow, and erupt mainly from the study of ash flow tuffs deposited tens to hundreds of thousands of years ago or more, or from the geophysical imaging of the unerupted portions of the reservoirs beneath the associated calderas. The Laguna del Maule Volcanic Field, Chile, includes an unusually large and recent concentration of silicic eruptions. Since 2007, the crust there has been inflating at an astonishing rate of at least 25 cm/yr. This unique opportunity to investigate the dynamics of a large rhyolitic system while magma migration, reservoir growth, and crustal deformation are actively under way is stimulating a new international collaboration. Findings thus far lead to the hypothesis that the silicic vents have tapped an extensive layer of crystal-poor, rhyolitic melt that began to form atop a magmatic mush zone that was established by ca. 20 ka with a renewed phase of rhyolite eruptions during the Holocene. Modeling of surface deformation, magnetotelluric data, and gravity changes suggest that magma is currently intruding at a depth of ~5 km. The next phase of this investigation seeks to enlarge the sets of geophysical and geochemical data and to use these observations in numerical models of system dynamics.

  19. Preliminary evaluation of the profitability indexes of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Villanueva M, C.

    2010-10-01

    The Laguna Verde nuclear power plant of the Federal Commission of Electricity has an installed capacity of 1,350 MW and unit 1 started commercial operation in 1990 and unit 2 in 1995. This paper is a synthesis of the results of a preliminary evaluation of the expected profitability indexes of the power plant during an economic lifetime of 40 years. The following data was used as input to the evaluation model prescribed by the Finance and Public Credit Secretary for public investment projects. Unit investment cost: 3,500 US D/k W; Fixed operation and maintenance cost: 54. 45 US D/year-k W; Variable operation and maintenance cost: 0. 38 US D/M Wh; Nuclear fuel cycle cost: 10. 28 US D/M Wh; Lifetime capacity factor: 85%; Discount rate: 12.0% per year; Sale price of electricity to the interconnected electric system: 80. 75 US D/M Wh. The output of the evaluation model is the following: Cost of electricity generated: 60. 2 1 US D/M Wh; fixed cost 49. 55 US D/M Wh; variable cost 10. 66 US D/M Wh; Internal rate of return (Irr): 18.0%; Benefit to cost quotient (B/C): 1.341. A very systematic sensitivity analysis was done, that shows that the cost is very sensitive to the capacity factor and to the investment cost, but is very insensitive to the fixed operation and maintenance cost and to the nuclear fuel cost. Finally, a comparison was made to the evaluation of the profitability indexes of a natural gas fired combined cycle power plant. (Author)

  20. Rickettsia bellii, Rickettsia amblyommii, and Laguna Negra hantavirus in an Indian reserve in the Brazilian Amazon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Barros Lopes, Lívia; Guterres, Alexandro; Rozental, Tatiana; Carvalho de Oliveira, Renata; Mares-Guia, Maria Angélica; Fernandes, Jorlan; Figueredo, José Ferreira; Anschau, Inês; de Jesus, Sebastião; V Almeida, Ana Beatriz M; Cristina da Silva, Valéria; Gomes de Melo Via, Alba Valéria; Bonvicino, Cibele Rodrigues; D'Andrea, Paulo Sérgio; Barreira, Jairo Dias; Sampaio de Lemos, Elba Regina

    2014-04-17

    The purpose of this study was to identify the presence of rickettsia and hantavirus in wild rodents and arthropods in response to an outbreak of acute unidentified febrile illness among Indians in the Halataikwa Indian Reserve, northwest of the Mato Grosso state, in the Brazilian Amazon. Where previously surveillance data showed serologic evidence of rickettsia and hantavirus human infection. The arthropods were collected from the healthy Indian population and by flagging vegetation in grassland or woodland along the peridomestic environment of the Indian reserve. Wild rodents were live-trapped in an area bordering the reserve limits, due the impossibility of capturing wild animals in the Indian reserve. The wild rodents were identified based on external and cranial morphology and karyotype. DNA was extracted from spleen or liver samples of rodents and from invertebrate (tick and louse) pools, and the molecular characterization of the rickettsia was through PCR and DNA sequencing of fragments of two rickettsial genes (gltA and ompA). In relation to hantavirus, rodent serum samples were serologically screened by IgG ELISA using the Araraquara-N antigen and total RNA was extracted from lung samples of IgG-positive rodents. The amplification of the complete S segment was performed. A total of 153 wild rodents, 121 louse, and 36 tick specimens were collected in 2010. Laguna Negra hantavirus was identified in Calomys callidus rodents and Rickettsia bellii, Rickettsia amblyommii were identified in Amblyomma cajennense ticks. Zoonotic diseases such as HCPS and spotted fever rickettsiosis are a public health threat and should be considered in outbreaks and acute febrile illnesses among Indian populations. The presence of the genome of rickettsias and hantavirus in animals in this Indian reserve reinforces the need to include these infectious agents in outbreak investigations of febrile cases in Indian populations.

  1. Evaporative concentration of arsenic in groundwater: health and environmental implications, La Laguna Region, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega-Guerrero, Adrián

    2017-10-01

    High arsenic concentrations in groundwater have been documented in La Laguna Region (LLR) in arid northern Mexico, where arsenic poisoning is both chronic and endemic. A heated debate has continued for decades on its origin. LLR consisted of a series of ancient connected lakes that developed at the end of a topographic depression under closed basin conditions. This study addresses the isotopic, chemical composition of the groundwater and geochemical modeling in the southeasternmost part of the LLR to determine the origin of arsenic. Groundwater samples were obtained from a carbonate and granular aquifers and from a clayey aquitard at terminal Viesca Lake. Results show that groundwater originated as meteoric water that reached the lakes mainly via abundant springs in the carbonate aquifer and perennial flooding of the Nazas-Aguanaval Rivers. Paleo-lake water underwent progressive evaporation as demonstrated by the enrichment of δ 18 O, δ 2 H and characteristic geochemical patterns in the granular aquifer and aquitard that resulted in highly saline (>90,000 mS/cm), arsenic-rich (up to 5000 μg/L) paleo-groundwater (>30,000 years BP). However, adsorption or co-precipitation on iron oxides, clay-mineral surfaces and organic carbon limited arsenic concentration in the groundwater. Arsenic-rich groundwater and other solutes are advancing progressively from the lacustrine margins toward the main granular aquifer, due to reversal of hydraulic gradients caused by intensive groundwater exploitation and the reduction in freshwater runoff provoked by dam construction on the main rivers. Desorption of arsenic will incorporate additional concentrations of arsenic into the groundwater and continue to have significant negative effects on human health and the environment.

  2. Preliminary analysis of an hydrogen generator system based on nuclear energy in the Laguna Verde site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flores y Flores, A.; Francois L, J.L.

    2003-01-01

    The shortage of fossil fuels in the next future, as well as the growing one demand of energetics and the high cost of the production of alternating fuels, it forces us to take advantage of to the maximum the fossil fuel with the one which we count and to look for the form of producing alternating fuels at a low cost and better even if these supply sources are reliable and non pollutants. It is intended a solution to the shortage of fuel; to use the thermal energy liberated of some appropriate nuclear reactor to be able to obtain a fuel but clean and relatively cheap as it is the hydrogen. In the first place the methods were looked for to produce hydrogen using thermal energy, later it was analyzed the temperature liberated by the existent nuclear reactors as well as the advanced designs, according to this liberated temperature settled down that the methods but feasible to produce hydrogen its were the one of reformed with water stream of the natural gas (methane) and the other one of the S-I thermochemical cycle, and the nuclear reactors that give the thermal energy for this production they are those of gas of high temperature. Once established the processes and the appropriate reactors, it was analyzed the site of Laguna Verde, with relationship to the free space to be able to place the reactor and the plant producer of hydrogen, as well as the direction in which blow the dominant winds and the near towns to the place, it was carried out an analysis of some explosion of tanks that could store hydrogen and the damage that its could to cause depending from the distance to which its were of the fire. Finally it was carried out an evaluation of capital and of operation costs for those two methods of hydrogen production. (Author)

  3. Study of environmental noise in a BWR plant like the Nuclear Power Plant Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tijerina S, F.; Cruz G, M.; Amador C, C.

    2013-10-01

    In all industry type the health costs generated by the noise are high, because the noise can cause nuisance and to harm the capacity to work when causing tension and to perturb the concentration, and in more severe cases to reach to lose the sense of the hearing in the long term. The noise levels in the industry have been designated for the different types of use like residential, commercial, and industrial and silence areas. The noise can cause accidents when obstructing the communications and alarm signs. For this reason the noise should be controlled and mitigated, at a low level as reasonably is possible, taking into account that the noise is an acoustic contamination. The present study determines a bases line of the environmental noise levels in a nuclear power plant BWR-5 as Laguna Verde, (like reference) to be able to determine and to give pursuit to the possible solutions to eliminate or to limit the noise level in the different job areas. The noise levels were registered with a meter of integrative noise level (sonometer) and areas of noise exposure levels mapping the general areas in the buildings were established, being the registered maximum level of 96.94 dba in the building of the Reactor-elevation 0.65 m under the operation conditions of Extended Power Up rate (EPU) of 120% PTN. Knowing that the exposition to noises and the noise dose in the job place can influence in the health and in the safety of the workers, are extensive topics that they should be analyzed for separate as they are: to) the effects in the health of the exposure to the noise, b) how measuring the noise, c) the methods and technologies to combat and to control the noise in the industry by part of engineering area and d) the function of the industrial safety bodies as delegates of the health and safety in the task against the noise in the job. (author)

  4. Electrical systems at the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde after the event in Fukushima

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lopez J, J. F.

    2016-09-01

    During the event at the nuclear power plant of Fukushima Daichii (Japan), the electrical systems were affected both Onsite and Offsite, which were lost for a long time with irreversible consequences. Therefore, the Mexican Regulatory Body known as the Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS) has taken various actions to review the current capacity of the electrical systems at the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-LV) before an event beyond the design bases. The CNSNS made special inspections to the NPP-LV to verify the current capacity of the electrical systems of Ac and Dc; as a result of the inspections, requirements were generated that must be met to demonstrate that has the capacity to deal with events beyond the design bases. In addition, CNSNS has participated in the Ibero-American Forum to deal with resistance testing. Is important to note that prior to the event at the nuclear power plant of Fukushima, the NPP-LV had implemented 1) the project Extended Power Increase in both Units of the NPP-LV, and 2) the Generic Charter 2006-02, both issues are considered contributions in the robustness of electrical systems. But it is also important to mention that the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission will soon issue mitigation strategies for a Station Blackout event, which could involve new actions at nuclear power plants. Based on the aforementioned, the CNSNS concludes that all the actions being taken contribute to the strengthening of the NPP-LV electrical systems, in order to increase their reliability, safety and operation when these are required to deal with events beyond the design bases as the event occurred in Fukushima Daichii and avoid as far as possible, damage in the reactor cores of the NPP-LV. (Author)

  5. Estructura del macrobentos de la laguna de Paca, Junín

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Huamán

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Se caracterizó la estructura comunitaria del macrobentos de la laguna de Paca ubicada a 3364 msnm, a 11º 45 S y 75º 30’ W en el departamento de Junín-Perú. También se analizaron los principales factores físicos y químicos del agua y sedimentos que condicionan dicha estructura. Los muestreos se realizaron en el año 2000 en 8 estaciones, distribuidas en la zona litoral (5 y pelágica (3. En cada estación se tomaron muestras de agua cercana al fondo y de sedimentos para analizar los parámetros físicos, químicos y biológicos de la comunidad del macrobentos. Los datos fueron sometidos a pruebas univariadas y multivariadas para determinar el grado de interacción de los diversos factores con las variables biológicas. La diversidad del macrobentos es baja y muestra valores de diversidad menores a 1,5 y el número de especies menores a 11 especies. La abundancia varía en valores que van desde los 16 hasta 176 individuos/0,04 m2 . Tubifex tubifex y Chironomus sp. fueron las especies más resistentes a los altos valores de materia orgánica (35,22 a 38,28% y bajos valores de oxígeno disuelto (1 a 2 mg/L, lo que constituye indicadores biológicos de eutroficación.

  6. Actinides inventory of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde Unit 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martinez C, E.; Ramirez S, J. R.; Alonso V, G.

    2013-10-01

    At the present time 435 nuclear power reactors exist for the electricity generation operating in the world and 63 in construction. Mexico has two reactors type BWR in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde. The nuclear fuel that is used in the nuclear reactors is retired of the reactor core when the energy that this contained has been extracted. This used fuel is known as spent nuclear fuel, the problem with this fuel is that was irradiated inside the reactor and continuous emitting a high radiation, as well as a significant heat quantity when being extracted, for what is necessary to maintain it in cooling and with some shielding to be protected of the radiation that emits. This objective is achieved confining the fuel in the spent nuclear fuel pool, where it is cooled and the same pool provides the necessary shielding to maintain the surroundings in safety radiation levels for the personnel that work in the power plant. An inconvenience of the pools is its limited storage capacity and that after certain time is necessary to remove the fuel, according to the established regulation to continue operating. To correct this inconvenience, two alternatives of spent fuel disposition exist, 1) the final disposition in deep geologic repositories and 2) the reprocessing and recycled of spent fuel. Each alternative presents its particularities and specific problems; however taking many years to be able to implement anyone of them. To carry out the second option, is indispensable to estimate the total mass of actinides generated in the spent nuclear fuel, that which represents to develop a methodology for it, this action is the main purpose of the present work. Inside our calculation method was necessary to appeal to diverse computation tools as the codes Origin-S and Keno V.a. Later on the obtained were compared with a problem type Benchmark, being obtained a smaller absolute error to 1.0%. (Author)

  7. Variación temporal y espacial de aves playeras en la laguna Barra de Navidad, Jalisco, en tres temporadas no reproductivas

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador Hernández; Sergio Serrano; Xóchitl A. Hernández; María Isabel Robles

    2012-01-01

    Hay un escaso conocimiento de las aves playeras en los humedales costeros de Jalisco, y en particular en la laguna Barra de Navidad. El presente trabajo contribuye al conocimiento de este grupo de aves y describe su distribución temporal y espacial en la laguna Barra de Navidad durante tres temporadas no reproductivas (1999-2000, 2006-2007 y 2008-2009). Se realizaron censos mensuales de noviembre-abril en las tres temporadas con el fin de registrar todas las especies de aves playeras. Se iden...

  8. Aproximación ecotoxicológica a la contaminación por metales pesados en la laguna costera del Mar Menor

    OpenAIRE

    Marín Guirao, Lázaro

    2007-01-01

    El objetivo de la Tesis es obtener una visión de la situación actual de la laguna costera del Mar Menor en relación con la contaminación por metales pesados procedentes de actividades mineras mediante el empleo de herramientas ecotoxicológicas. Comienza con el estudio de la entrada de residuos mineros en el ecosistema, su distribución en las aguas de la laguna así como los efectos tóxicos asociados. Continua valorando la biodisponibilidad de los metales contenidos en los sedimentos lagunares ...

  9. Validation of the thermal balance of Laguna Verde turbine under conditions of extended power increase; Validacion del balance termico de turbina de Laguna Verde en condiciones de aumento de potencia extendido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castaneda G, M. A.; Cruz B, H. J.; Mercado V, J. J.; Cardenas J, J. B.; Garcia de la C, F. M., E-mail: miguel.castaneda01@cfe.gob.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km 42.5, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2012-10-15

    The present work is a continuation of the task: Modeling of the vapor cycle of Laguna Verde with the PEPSE code to conditions of thermal power licensed at present (2027 MWt) in which the modeling of the vapor cycle of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde was realized with PEPSE code (Performance Evaluation of Power System Efficiencies). Once reached the conditions of nominal operation of extended power increase, operating both units to 2371 MWt; after the tests phase of starting-up and operation is necessary to carry out a verification of the proposed design of the vapor cycle for the new operation conditions. All this, having in consideration that the vapor cycle designer only knows the detail of the prospective performance of the main turbine, for all the other components (for example pumps, heat inter changers, valves, reactor, humidity separators and re-heaters, condensers, etc.) makes generic suppositions based on engineering judgment. This way carries out the calculations of thermal balance to determine the guaranteed gross power. The purpose of the present work is to comment the detail of the validation carried out of the specific thermal balance (thermal kit) of the nuclear power plant, making use of the design characteristics of the different components that conform the vapor cycle. (Author)

  10. Estimation of fast neutron fluence in steel specimens type Laguna Verde in TRIGA Mark III reactor; Estimacion de la fluencia de neutrones rapidos en probetas de acero tipo Laguna Verde en el reactor Triga Mark III

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galicia A, J.; Francois L, J. L. [UNAM, Facultad de Ingenieria, Departamento de Sistemas Energeticos, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Ciudad de Mexico (Mexico); Aguilar H, F., E-mail: blink19871@hotmail.com [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2015-09-15

    The main purpose of this work is to obtain the fluence of fast neutrons recorded within four specimens of carbon steel, similar to the material having the vessels of the BWR reactors of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde when subjected to neutron flux in a experimental facility of the TRIGA Mark III reactor, calculating an irradiation time to age the material so accelerated. For the calculation of the neutron flux in the specimens was used the Monte Carlo code MCNP5. In an initial stage, three sheets of natural molybdenum and molybdenum trioxide (MoO{sub 3}) were incorporated into a model developed of the TRIGA reactor operating at 1 M Wth, to calculate the resulting activity by setting a certain time of irradiation. The results obtained were compared with experimentally measured activities in these same materials to validate the calculated neutron flux in the model used. Subsequently, the fast neutron flux received by the steel specimens to incorporate them in the experimental facility E-16 of the reactor core model operating at nominal maximum power in steady-state was calculated, already from these calculations the irradiation time required was obtained for values of the neutron flux in the range of 10{sup 18} n/cm{sup 2}, which is estimated for the case of Laguna Verde after 32 years of effective operation at maximum power. (Author)

  11. Congener-specific polychlorinated biphenyl patterns in eggs of aquatic birds from the lower Laguna Madre, Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora, Miguel A.

    1996-01-01

    Eggs from four aquatic bird species nesting in the Lower Laguna Madre, Texas, were collected to determine differences and similarities in the accumulation of congener-specific polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and to evaluate PCB impacts on reproduction. Because of the different toxicities of PCB congeners, it is important to know which congeners contribute most to total PCBs. The predominant PCB congeners were 153, 138, 180, 110, 118, 187, and 92. Collectively, congeners 153, 138, and 180 accounted for 26 to 42% of total PCBs. Congener 153 was the most abundant in Caspian terns (Sterna caspia) and great blue herons (Ardea herodias) and congener 138 was the most abundant in snowy egrets (Egretta thula) and tricolored herons (Egretta tricolor). Principal component analysis indicated a predominance of higher chlorinated biphenyls in Caspian terns and great blue herons and lower chlorinated biphenyls in tricolored herons. Snowy egrets had a predominance of pentachlorobiphenyls. These results suggest that there are differences in PCB congener patterns in closely related species and that these differences are more likely associated with the species' diet rather than metabolism. Total PCBs were significantly greater (p birds from the Lower Laguna Madre were below concentrations known to affect bird reproduction.

  12. Distribution and community structure of ichthyoplankton in Laguna Madre seagrass meadows: Potential impact of seagrass species change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tolan, J.M.; Holt, S.A.; Onuf, C.P.

    1997-01-01

    Seasonal ichthyoplankton surveys were made in the lower Laguna Madre, Texas, to compare the relative utilization of various nursery habitats (shoal grass, Halodule wrightii; manatee grass, Syringodium filiforme;, and unvegetated sand bottom) for both estuarine and offshore-spawned larvae. The species composition and abundance of fish larvae were determined for each habitat type at six locations in the bay. Pushnet ichthyoplankton sampling resulted in 296 total collections, yielding 107,463 fishes representing 55 species in 24 families. A broad spectrum of both the biotic and physical habitat parameters were examined to link the dispersion and distribution of both pre-settlement and post-settlement larvae to the utilization of shallow seagrass habitats. Sample sites were grouped by cluster analysis (Ward's minimum variance method) according to the similarity of their fish assemblages and subsequently examined with a multiple discriminant function analysis to identify important environmental variables. Abiotic environmental factors were most influential in defining groups for samples dominated by early larvae, whereas measures of seagrass complexity defined groups dominated by older larvae and juveniles. Juvenile-stage individuals showed clear habitat preference, with the more shallow Halodule wrightii being the habitat of choice, whereas early larvae of most species were widely distributed over all habitats. As a result of the recent shift of dominance from Halodule wrightii to Syringodium filiforme, overall reductions in the quality of nursery habitat for fishes in the lower Laguna Madre are projected.

  13. Ang Social Network sa Facebook ng mga Taga-Batangas at ng mga Taga-Laguna: Isang Paghahambing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaderick P. Pabico

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Online social networking (OSN has become of great influence to Filipinos, where Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Google+, and Instagram are among the popular ones. Their popularity, coupled with their intuitive and interactive use, allow one's personal information such as gender, age, address, relationship status, and list of friends to become publicly available. The accessibility of information from these sites allow, with the aid of computers, for the study of a wide population's characteristics even in a provincial scale. Aside from being neighbouring locales, the respective residents of Laguna and Batangas both derive their livelihoods from two lakes, Laguna de Bay and Taal Lake. Both residents experience similar problems, such as that, among many others, of fish kill. The goal of this research is to find out similarities in their respective online populations, particularly that of Facebook's. With the use of computational dynamic social network analysis (CDSNA, we found out that the two communities are similar, among others, as follows: both populations are dominated by single young female; Homophily was observed when choosing a friend in terms of age (i.e., friendships were created more often between people whose ages do not differ by at most five years; and Heterophily was observed when choosing friends in terms of gender (i.e., more friendships were created between a male and a female than between both people of the same gender. This paper also presents the differences in the structure of the two social networks, such as degrees of separation and preferential attachment.

  14. Modeling of the vapor cycle of Laguna Verde with the PEPSE code to conditions of thermal power licensed at present (2027 MWt); Modelado del ciclo de vapor de Laguna Verde con el codigo PEPSE a condiciones de potencia termica actualmente licenciada (2027 MWt)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castaneda G, M. A.; Maya G, F.; Medel C, J. E.; Cardenas J, J. B.; Cruz B, H. J.; Mercado V, J. J., E-mail: miguel.castaneda01@cfe.gob.mx [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km 42.5, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2011-11-15

    By means of the use of the performance evaluation of power system efficiencies (PEPSE) code was modeled the vapor cycle of the nuclear power station of Laguna Verde to reproduce the nuclear plant behavior to conditions of thermal power, licensed at present (2027 MWt); with the purpose of having a base line before the implementation of the project of extended power increase. The model of the gauged vapor cycle to reproduce the nuclear plant conditions makes use of the PEPSE model, design case of the vapor cycle of nuclear power station of Laguna Verde, which has as main components of the model the great equipment of the vapor cycle of Laguna Verde. The design case model makes use of information about the design requirements of each equipment for theoretically calculating the electric power of exit, besides thermodynamic conditions of the vapor cycle in different points. Starting from the design model and making use of data of the vapor cycle measured in the nuclear plant; the adjustment factors were calculated for the different equipment s of the vapor cycle, to reproduce with the PEPSE model the real vapor cycle of Laguna Verde. Once characterized the model of the vapor cycle of Laguna Verde, we can realize different sensibility studies to determine the effects macros to the vapor cycle by the variation of certain key parameters. (Author)

  15. Selected Hydrologic, Water-Quality, Biological, and Sedimentation Characteristics of Laguna Grande, Fajardo, Puerto Rico, March 2007-February 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soler-López, Luis R.; Santos, Carlos R.

    2010-01-01

    Laguna Grande is a 50-hectare lagoon in the municipio of Fajardo, located in the northeasternmost part of Puerto Rico. Hydrologic, water-quality, and biological data were collected in the lagoon between March 2007 and February 2009 to establish baseline conditions and determine the health of Laguna Grande on the basis of preestablished standards. In addition, a core of bottom material was obtained at one site within the lagoon to establish sediment depositional rates. Water-quality properties measured onsite (temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, specific conductance, and water transparency) varied temporally rather than areally. All physical properties were in compliance with current regulatory standards established for Puerto Rico. Nutrient concentrations were very low and in compliance with current regulatory standards (less than 5.0 and 1.0 milligrams per liter for total nitrogen and total phosphorus, respectively). The average total nitrogen concentration was 0.28 milligram per liter, and the average total phosphorus concentration was 0.02 milligram per liter. Chlorophyll a was the predominant form of photosynthetic pigment in the water. The average chlorophyll-a concentration was 6.2 micrograms per liter. Bottom sediment accumulation rates were determined in sediment cores by modeling the downcore activities of lead-210 and cesium-137. Results indicated a sediment depositional rate of about 0.44 centimeter per year. At this rate of sediment accretion, the lagoon may become a marshland in about 700 to 900 years. About 86 percent of the community primary productivity in Laguna Grande was generated by periphyton, primarily algal mats and seagrasses, and the remaining 14 percent was generated by phytoplankton in the water column. Based on the diel studies the total average net community productivity equaled 5.7 grams of oxygen per cubic meter per day (2.1 grams of carbon per cubic meter per day). Most of this productivity was ascribed to periphyton and macrophytes

  16. Rehabilitation and modernization project of units 1 and 2 of Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant. A strengthening project to 120%. (2nd phase)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liebana, B.; Merino, A.; Garcia, J. L.; Gomez, M.; Martinez, I.; Ruiz, L.

    2010-01-01

    The power increase of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant is a project for the rehabilitation and modernization of the turbo and associated equipment to get an increase of its power and of its service life. The project scope includes the design, the engineering, the equipment supply, the installation, the testing and the commissioning. This article presents the work of the second phase.

  17. To report the obtained results in the simulation with the FCS-11 and Presto codes of the two first operation cycles of the Laguna Verde Unit 1 reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Montes T, J.L.; Moran L, J.M.; Cortes C, C.C.

    1990-08-01

    The objective of this work is to establish a preliminary methodology to carry out analysis of recharges for the reactor of the Laguna Verde U-1, by means of the evaluation of the state of the reactor core in its first two operation cycles using the FCS2 and Presto-B codes. (Author)

  18. Components production and assemble of the irradiation capsule of the Surveillance Program of Materials of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Medrano, A.

    2009-01-01

    To predict the effects of the neutrons radiation and the thermal environment about the mechanical properties of the reactor vessel materials of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, a surveillance program is implemented according to the outlines settled by Astm E185-02 -Standard practice for design of surveillance programs for light-water moderated nuclear power reactor vessels-. This program includes the installation of three irradiation capsules of similar materials to those of the reactor vessels, these samples are test tubes for mechanical practices of impact and tension. In the National Institute of Nuclear Research and due to the infrastructure as well as of the actual human resources of the Pilot Plant of Nuclear Fuel Assembles Production it was possible to realize the materials rebuilding extracted in 2005 of Unit 2 of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde as well as the production, assemble and reassignment of the irradiation capsule made in 2006. At the present time the surveillance materials extracted in 2008 of Unit 1 of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde are reconstituting and the components are manufactured for the assembles of the irradiation capsule that will be reinstalled in the reactor vessel in 2010. The purpose of the present work is to describe the necessary components as well as its disposition during the assembles of the irradiation capsule for the surveillance program of the reactors vessel of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde. (Author)

  19. The National Institute of Nuclear Research (ININ) and its participation in the External Radiological Emergency Plans at Laguna Verde Power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suarez, G.

    1998-01-01

    In this article it is described the form in which the ININ participates in the External Radiological Emergency Plan at Laguna Verde Power plant. It is set the objective, mission and organization of this plan. The responsibilities and activities that plan has assigned are mentioned also the organization to fulfil them and the obtained results during 9 years of participation. (Author)

  20. Delta progradation and Neoglaciation, Laguna Parón, Cordillera Blanca, Peru

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seltzer, Geoffrey O.; Rodbell, Donald T.

    2005-10-01

    The history of Holocene glaciation serves as an important record of glacier mass balance and, therefore, of climatic change. The moraine record of Holocene glaciation in the tropical Andes, however, is fragmentary and poorly dated. In contrast, increases in the rate of accumulation of inorganic sediment in glacier-fed lakes have been linked to periods of Neoglaciation in many mountain regions. The interpretation of such a record of Neoglaciation from sediment cores in glacier-fed lakes in the tropical Andes can provide the continuity and chronologic control that is lacking in the existing moraine record. Unusual exposures of glacial lacustrine sediment in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, provide a rare opportunity to assess the link between climatic change, glaciation, and lacustrine sedimentation.Intentional lowering of water levels in Laguna Parón (9°S, 77°44 W, 4200 m a.s.l.) in 1985 resulted in the incision and exposure of at least 20 m of deltaic deposits at the eastern end of the lake. Three deltaic units can be identified: horizontal topset beds, steeply dipping and deformed foreset beds, and horizontally laminated fine-grained sediment. Six radiocarbon ages ranging from 1800 +/- 210 to 465 +/- 95 14C yr BP on wood indicate that the average rate of delta progradation in the late Holocene has been approximately 290 m per 1000 yr. The lake formed during deglaciation at least 10 000 yr ago and if such a rate of progradation of the delta had prevailed over the entire Holocene, then the delta would be at least three times as extensive as it is today. Thus the rate of delta progradation has varied significantly over the Holocene. We suggest that the rate of delta progradation was at least three times greater when glaciers were in advanced positions. These positions are clearly delimited by Neoglacial moraines, which are within 1-2 km of the exposures studied and within 1 km of modern ice limits. The most recent increase in the rate of delta progradation is

  1. Genetic structure of populations of Drosophila melanogaster natives from Laguna Verde, Veracruz

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salceda, V.M.

    2005-01-01

    The genetic variability hidden present in natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster, it has been broadly analyzed, and it is a tool that allows to detect differences among the different populations of this species, so much of natural nature as experimental. In this occasion we use it to see if differences exist in two neighboring populations inside the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant, Veracruz, and this way to suggest, of having differences in the mount of the relative frequencies of lethal genes, semi lethals and normal, be due to the radioactive emanations product of the reactors operation of the plant. Its were took samples of flies in both towns during three successive seasons and they were transported to the laboratory of the ININ where they were carried out the tests to determine the frequency of the different types of genes. This was made by means of the denominated technique C y L / Pm that allows by means of a cross series with a stump marker to obtain, in the third generation, in isolated form the different types of genes and this way to calculate their relative frequencies. The study understands the analysis of 299 chromosomes extracted from the populations, of those that 95 correspond at the control population and 204 to the experimental one. As a result of the analysis we find that 30.52 percent of the genes of the population witness contains detrimental genes (sum of the lethal plus the semi lethal genes) as long as in the experimental population this value corresponds to 23.03 percent. In accordance with this information was not significant difference among the studied populations. A similar analysis, but now comparing the seasons, (summer against winter), it showed significant difference to 5% with regard to the lethal genes frequency only in the population witness. These results indicate the absence of damage, however it is necessary to consider that this can be due to that indeed there is not him or that the investigation protocol is not

  2. Delivery of Services of Day Care Workers In Sta. Maria, Laguna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROLANDO R. CRUZADA, JR.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This study focused on the determination of the delivery of services of day care workers in the municipality of Sta. Maria, Province of Laguna during the first semester of school year 2012-2013. Descriptive research was used in this study. Among the key findings were that Day Care Workers with respect to interactional relationship accomplished the functions with outstanding adequacy such as constantly giving feedback and praises on the performance of children, along with workers and parents coordination and cooperation, with verbal interpretation of Always Observe. In terms of instructional quality both group of respondents perceived that day care workers in-charge had adequate abilities and competencies concerning their education and trainings in connection with teaching small children with verbal interpretation of Always Observe. The parents had confidence to the day care workers in-charge of their children aside from regularly consulting the day care workers about their children’s progress with verbal interpretation of Always Observe. There were only 871 households who availed of the services of day care centers in which 27 workers were employed and each of them assigned to handle an average of 33 children. Notable along with other findings was the day care workers and parents had the same perception as to the extent of services provided by the Day Care Center with respect to interactional relationship, instructional quality and parental participation. Subsequently the study ensued with these five factual remarks: Children’s interactions with parents in the centers were the direct mechanisms through which children learn. The educational qualification and the capability of the day care workers to handle small children were the primary essentials in children’s learning. Parents’ participation in the day care centers premises brought harmonious relationship between the Day Care Workers and children as well. The capacity of day care worker

  3. A High-Resolution Reconstruction of Late Holocene Environmental Change from Laguna Ek'Naab, Northern Holmul Region, Peten, Guatemala

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, L.; Wahl, D.; Estrada-Belli, F.

    2015-12-01

    Widespread demographic shifts in the southern Maya lowlands at the end of the Classic period have been attributed to environmental change caused by human activity and/or climate variability. Fire was essential to landscape modification and was a primary agent of environmental change associated with prehispanic land use. While several studies have provided insight into the dynamic relationship between natural and anthropogenic drivers of change, defining the specific interplay between natural environmental change, human modification of the environment, and cultural response to changes remains a persistent challenge. Here we present the results of a multi-proxy study that reconstructs fire history, agricultural land use, and environmental change during and after Pre-Columbian Maya settlement. Results are interpreted in the context of settlement history as inferred from archaeological mapping around the study site. Our findings suggest landscape disturbance, as indicated by erosion, local burning, and nearby maize agriculture, was at its peak during the Early Classic period. This disturbance was likely due to large-scale settlement at the nearby site of Witzna'. All proxies indicate a slow decline in disturbance into the Late Classic period, beginning around 1300 cal yr BP. Cival and Chanchich, two proximal site centers to the south of Laguna Ek'Naab, supported their largest populations during the Late Preclassic and Late Classic, with little or no settlement during the Early Classic. The data from Laguna Ek'Naab suggests that Witzna' may have been an important center during the Early Classic. Whether the decreasing environmental degradation after 1240 cal yr BP is do to a decline in local population or changing land use strategies is not discernable based on the data thus far. However, the near complete absence of burning and continued decrease in erosion from 1240-1090 cal yr BP suggests little anthropogenic activity in the area. Burning resumes in the watershed

  4. Improvements to the RELAP/SCDAPSIM of Laguna Verde model for the analysis of transients and accidents; Mejoras al modelo de Laguna Verde de RELAP/SCDAPSIM para el analisis de transitorios y accidentes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amador G, R.; Castillo D, R.; Ortiz V, J.; Araiza M, E.; Martinez C, E., E-mail: rogelio.castillo@inin.gob.mx [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2016-09-15

    This work presents the improvements to the integral model of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde for the RELAP/SCDAPSIM code, for the simulation of transients and severe accidents. The model includes a new detailed geometry of the steam lines, as well as improvements in the performance of the emergency systems. A primary containment model has also been created, which will be used to analyze the effect of safety valve and relief valve discharges to the wet well suppression pool and the effect of the rupture of a recirculation loop on the dry well. The simulations performed with the new model show that the changes made improve the prediction of the phenomenology involved during transients and accidents. (Author)

  5. Palinology and stratigraphic sequences of the well ELS-1, Laguna Salada, B.C., Mexico; Palinologia y secuencias estratigraficas del pozo ELS-1, Laguna Salada, B.C., Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Helenes Escamilla, Javier [CICESE, Ensenada, B.C. (Mexico)

    1999-04-01

    Palinological analysis of 16 samples from the well ELS-1 in Laguna Salada, allows recognition of environmental changes in the drilled section. No age assignments are made because of the low diversity of the palinological assemblages recovered. These assemblages include species with ages from Campanian to Pleistocene. The cretaceous forms indicate reworking from a cretaceous unit within the Colorado river drainage basin. Integration of the palinological, lithological and well log data permit the recognition of three main cycles. The lower one is regressive and contains mostly fluvial to deltaic shallow marine sediments. The intermediate cycle is transgressive-regressive, contains the maximum flooding surface of the section studied and represents an interval of strong tectonic movements with well developed marine transgressions. The upper cycle is also transgressive-regressive, with lagoon and distal alluvial fan deposits. [Spanish] El analisis palinologico de 16 muestras del pozo: ELS-1 del proyecto geotermico de Laguna Salada permite reconocer cambios ambientales en la seccion perforada. La baja diversidad de los conjuntos palinologicos recuperados impide determinar edades. Se observan especies indicadoras de edades desde Campaniese hasta Pleistoceno. Las formas cretacicas indican retrabajo de alguna unidad cretacica dentro de la cuenca del rio Colorado. La integracion de datos palinologicos, litologicos y de registros geofisicos, permite reconocer tres ciclos principales. El ciclo inferior es regresivo y contiene principalmente sedimentos fluviales a deltaicos de niveles bajos del mar. El ciclo intermedio, es transgresivo-regresivo, contiene la superficie de inundacion maxima de toda la seccion estudiada y representa una etapa de movimientos tectonicos fuertes con transgresiones marinas bien desarrolladas. El ciclo superior tambien es transgresivo-regresivo, con depositos lagunares y de abanicos aluviales distales.

  6. Upgrade the intervention levels derived for water and foods, to be include in the PERE 607 procedure the external radiological emergency plan in the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Llado Castillo, R.; Aguilar Pacheco, R.

    1998-01-01

    The work shows the results obtained in the upgrade the intervention levels derived for water and foods, to be include in the PERE 607 procedure the external radiological emergency plan in the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

  7. Options for the ultimate storage of low and medium level radioactive wastes produced at Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Emeterio, Miguel

    1991-01-01

    The devoted time and still to be expend in prepare, execute and teach permanent and safe solutions to the problem of the evaluation of radioactive wastes reflects the political, economic and environmental importance with respect to public health and safety invested in this task, as well as, its technological challenges. In the case of Laguna Verde nuclear power plant, its low and medium level radioactive wastes are stored in the beginning in a temporal store with a capacity of 2000 m 3 sufficient to four years of normal operation; according to what it is necessary to select one of different ways of waste storage. Different technologies has been evaluated and the preliminary conclusion is that for Mexico the more feasible way to store radioactive wastes is in tumulus (Author)

  8. Estimation of requirements of eolic energy equivalent to the electric generation of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garcia V, M.A.; Hernandez M, I.A.; Martin del Campo M, C.

    2004-01-01

    The advantages are presented that have the nuclear and eolic energy as for their low environmental impact and to the human health. An exercise is presented in the one that is supposed that the electric power generated by the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power plant (CNLV), with capacity of 1365 M W, it should be produced by eolic energy when in the years 2020 and 2025 the units 1 and 2 of the CNLV reach its useful life and be moved away. It is calculated the number of aero generators that would produce the electric power average yearly of the CNLV, that which is equal to install eolic parks with capacity of 2758 M W, without considering that it will also be invested in systems of back generation to produce electricity when the aero generators stops for lack of wind. (Author)

  9. Evaluation of radwaste minimization program of dry and wet active waste in the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luna-Garza, Hector

    2001-01-01

    A growing rate of radwaste volume production combined with an increase of both, costs and associated dose involved in its treatment and disposition processes have created a serious problem to the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (BWR, two Units, 682 Mwe each) in Mexico. Due the lack of a Final Repository in the country, the solution in the short or long terms relies on the success of a continuous and aggressive minimization program mainly based on modifications and upgrades applied to these processes. Technical and administrative strategies adopted by LVNPP for the reduction of Liquid Effluents and Dry and Wet Active Waste in the next three years are described. Based on the results of the LVNPP current radwaste process systems, an estimated accumulation of 11,502 m 3 by the year 2035 will exceed the actual on-site storage capacity. If the strategies succeed, this production would fall to an expected manageable volume of 4067 m 3 . (author)

  10. La denuncia a través de la mujer: La casa de la laguna, de Rosario Ferré

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Molestina

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available La historia puertorriqueña es una historia de imposiciones identitarias, choques culturales y ambivalencia desde la llegada de los españoles a la isla. En La casa de la laguna, Ferré analiza el pasado  y el presente de Puerto Rico. Crea una reconstrucción simbolizada en la historia de las familias Mendizábal-Monfort, en la cual Isabel Monfort, trata de descubrir las causas del fracaso de su matrimonio. En esta búsqueda y reflexión personal, se representan las versiones olvidadas o silenciadas de la historia puertorriqueña y de igual manera, da voz y vida a las mujeres marginadas o silenciadas.

  11. Coleópteros acuáticos de lagunas situadas en el noroeste de la provincia de Corrientes, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María C. GOMEZ LUTZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio es contribuir al conocimiento de la biodiversidad de coleópteros acuáticos del NE argentino. Los sitios de muestreo corresponden a dos lagunas permanentes ubicadas en el departamento Capital de la provincia de Corrientes, Argentina. Los muestreos fueron realizados desde octubre de 2010 a marzo de 2011. En total, 107 especies de coleópteros, incluidas en 40 géneros y ocho familias fueron registradas: Haliplidae, Dytiscidae, Noteridae, Dryopidae, Hydrochidae, Hydrophilidae, Limnichidae y Scirtidae. La especie Berosus hamatus Knisch es un nuevo registro para la Argentina. Dos familias (Haliplidae y Dryopidae, cuatro géneros (Haliplus Latreille; Pelonomus Erichson, Onopelmus Spangler, Phaenonotum Sharp y 14 especies son citados por primera vez para la provincia de Corrientes.

  12. La comunidad de peces de la Laguna de Términos: estructura actual comparada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Amado Ayala-Pérez

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de investigación sobre la ecología de la comunidad de peces de la Laguna de Términos. Se describe la estructura y se discute de manera comparada con la información publicada. Se realizaron 19 campañas mensuales de campo en 23 sitios de muestreo durante el periodo de septiembre de 1997 a marzo de 1999. Se identificaron 107 especies de peces que se agruparon en 76 géneros y 37 familias. Se capturaron 25588 organismos con un peso total de 601.5 kg. La abundancia de la comunidad en escala temporal osciló de 0.395 a 0.895 ind/m² ; 8.638 a 18.316 g/m² y 18.358 a 34.837 g/ind. La diversidad de la comunidad, estimada por el índice de Shannon y Weaver osciló entre 1.875 y 3.995. El valor de los índices de equitatividad y riqueza de especies presentaron una variación entre 0.519 y 0.993 y 4.94 y 7.88 respectivamente. Se identificaron 18 especies dominantes con base en el análisis de los valores de número de individuos, peso y porcentaje de aparición. La especie más importante tanto por su abundancia numérica como por su frecuencia de aparición es Arius melanopus que representa el 26.5% de la captura total seguida de Diapterus rhombeus con el 18.9%. También como especies dominantes cabe destacar la presencia de aquellas de interés pesquero tanto local como regional y son Bairdiella chrysura, B. ronchus, Archosargus rhomboidalis, Eugerres plumieri, Cynoscion arenarius y Chaetodipterus faberThe structure of the fish community in Terminos Lagoon, Campeche, is analyzed on the base the description of the abundance, distribution, length composition and identification of the dominant species. The results are discussed and compared with the published information. 437 trawl tows were made in 19 monthly collection in 23 sites between September 1997 to March 1999. A total of 25 588 individual with a total weight of 601.5 kg were grouped in 107 species, 76 gender and 37 families. The abundance of the fish community

  13. VULNERABILIDAD GLOBAL ANTE EL CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO EN COMUNIDADES DE LA CUENCA LAGUNA DE PERLAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheira Nanety Thomas Henríquez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó la vulnerabilidad global ante el cambio climático y se definieron líneas de acción de adaptación y mitigación a corto, mediano y largo plazo en once comunidades indígenas y afrodescendientes del municipio Laguna de Perlas, RAAS, Nicaragua. Por medio de la caracterización socioeconómica y biofísica de las once comunidades, validación y análisis de variables e indicadores de vulnerabilidad global ante el cambio climático, identificándose el estado de ocho ángulos de vulnerabilidad global en cada comunidad. La validación y análisis de variables demuestra una percepción comunal de los líderes de las once comunidades y alcance institucional que requiere un cambio de paradigma para enfrentar el cambio climático, revelando además que las once comunidades presentaron una vulnerabilidad global media (47.1%, que sitúa a todos los tipos de vulnerabilidad en esta condición a excepción de la vulnerabilidad ideológico-cultural. Las comunidades con mayores vulnerabilidades son: La Fe (56.9%, Raití Pura (50.3% y San Vicente (49.9%. Se proponen algunas acciones de adaptación y mitigación a corto, mediano y largo plazo, las cuales requerirán la participación comunitaria e institucional a nivel municipal, regional y nacional para reducir las vulnerabilidades ante el cambio climático.SummaryWe assessed the global vulnerability to climate change and defined lines of action for adaptation and mitigation in the short, medium and long term in eleven Indigenous and Afrodescendant communities of the Pearl Lagoon municipality, RAAS, Nicaragua. Through the socioeconomic and biophysics characterization of the eleven communities, validation and analysis of variables and indicators of global vulnerability to climate change, it was possible to identify the status of eight angles of global vulnerability in each community. The validation and analysis of variables shows a community perception of the leaders of the eleven communities and

  14. Laguna Verde: a 120% extended power up-rate project developed by Iberdrola

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Merino Teillet, A.; Garcia-Serrano Tapia, J. L.; Ruiz Gutierrez, L.

    2010-01-01

    The experience which this document wants to present, describes the work being developed by IBERDROLA Ingenieria y Construccion, for the Laguna Verde plant in Mexico, owned by the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE). This generation plant consists of two light boiling water type units (BWR) design by General Electric in the 80's. The objective of this project is to perform the modifications on the thermal cycle of the plant required by an Extended Power Up-rate, to achieve a safe and reliable operation of the plant at 120% of its original thermal power, whilst upgrading and renovating plant equipment and installations to achieve a license renewal from 40 to 60 years of operation The consortium formed in 97% by IBERDROLA Ingenieria y Construccion SAU and in 3% by ALSTOM Mexicana, S.A. de CV, was awarded the contract in an international bid, competing against General Electric and Siemens. The project began in March 2007 and is scheduled to finalize in December 2010. At this point the work carried out include modifications of the main condenser replacement, moisture separator reheaters (MSR's) and feedwater heaters no. 5 and 6 in the two units, therefore having executed two out of four scheduled outages. The scope, development and organization of this project, whose basic elements include the design, engineering, training, supply of equipment, dismantling, installation, testing, commissioning, treatment and delivery of radioactive waste generated during the project implementation to CFE, is aimed to ensure a safe and reliable operation of the plant under the new conditions of increased thermal power of the reactor, with a thermal cycle optimized so that the gross power of the generator increase from the current 686.7 MWe to a value of 817.1 MWe in both units. An Extended Power Up-rate means an opportunity to modernize equipments, to improve maintenance, to get a better plant knowledge and to motivate the employees facing a challenging project. This project, being the

  15. Biología del pejerrey Odontesthes bonariensis (Pisces, Atherinopsidae de la laguna Los Charos (Córdoba, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Mancini

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El pejerrey Odontesthes bonariensis es la especie más importante de las pesquerías del centro de Argentina. Se estudio la captura por unidad de esfuerzo (CPUE, la condición corporal, el crecimiento y la alimentación de O. bonariensis de la laguna pampeana Los Charos (34º28´S, 64º23´W, 240 ha, ubicada en la provincia de Córdoba. Se realizaron cuatro muestreos estacionales en el periodo 2002-2003. Para la captura de peces se utilizaron redes de arrastre y enmalle. Se capturaron 2862 ejemplares de un rango de talla comprendido entre 38 y 380 mm de longitud estándar (LSt. La CPUE promedio fue de 74,3(±71,0kg/20 hs de tendido de red. La relación LSt-peso presentó diferencias significativas entre épocas del año (P< 0,01. Los índices de condición corporal estuvieron dentro de los límites de referencia de la especie. El crecimiento calculado fue: LSt(t=459,8*[1–exp(-0,3105*(t-0,175]. La relación LSt–Longitud total (LT fue: LT(mm=8,23+LSt*1,14 (n=283; R2=0,99. El zooplancton constituyó un ítem alimenticio secundario en los peces jóvenes. En los ejemplares de 3+ años de vida se observó un marcado canibalismo, situación que explicaría en parte su mejor condición corporal. La laguna Los Charos presenta una elevada producción de O. bonariensis.

  16. Characterization of Pustular Mats and Related Rivularia-Rich Laminations in Oncoids From the Laguna Negra Lake (Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estela C. Mlewski

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Stromatolites are organo-sedimentary structures that represent some of the oldest records of the early biosphere on Earth. Cyanobacteria are considered as a main component of the microbial mats that are supposed to produce stromatolite-like structures. Understanding the role of cyanobacteria and associated microorganisms on the mineralization processes is critical to better understand what can be preserved in the laminated structure of stromatolites. Laguna Negra (Catamarca, Argentina, a high-altitude hypersaline lake where stromatolites are currently formed, is considered as an analog environment of early Earth. This study aimed at characterizing carbonate precipitation within microbial mats and associated oncoids in Laguna Negra. In particular, we focused on carbonated black pustular mats. By combining Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Laser Microdissection and Whole Genome Amplification, Cloning and Sanger sequencing, and Focused Ion Beam milling for Transmission Electron Microscopy, we showed that carbonate precipitation did not directly initiate on the sheaths of cyanobacterial Rivularia, which dominate in the mat. It occurred via organo-mineralization processes within a large EPS matrix excreted by the diverse microbial consortium associated with Rivularia where diatoms and anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria were particularly abundant. By structuring a large microbial consortium, Rivularia should then favor the formation of organic-rich laminations of carbonates that can be preserved in stromatolites. By using Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy and Synchrotron-based deep UV fluorescence imaging, we compared laminations rich in structures resembling Rivularia to putatively chemically-precipitated laminations in oncoids associated with the mats. We showed that they presented a different mineralogy jointly with a higher content in organic remnants, hence providing some criteria of biogenicity to be searched

  17. Development of an interactive model of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant based on the RELAP/SCDAP code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salazar C, J.H.; Ramos P, J.C.; Salazar S, E.; Chavez M, C.

    2003-01-01

    The present work describes the development of an interactive model of the Nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (CNLV) based on the RELAP/SCDAP nuclear code, and it incorporation to a classroom simulator. The functional prototype it allows to make evaluations for operational transients and postulates accidents, with capacitation purposes, training, analysis and design. It emphasizes on the methodology used to establish the inter activity. Such methodology, is based on a modular structure in the one that multiple processes can be executed in an independent way and where the generated information is stored in segments of shared memory (characteristic that allows the UNIX operating system) and sent to the different processes by means of communication routines developed in C programming language. The utility of the system is demonstrated by means of the use of interactive display graphics (mimic diagrams, pictorials and tendency graphics) for the simultaneous dynamic visualization of the variables more significant that involve to the pattern of a transitory event type (for example failure of the controller of feeding water in a BWR reactor). Near with the interactive module, it was developed a model of the reactor of the CNLV for the code of better estimation RELAP/SCDAP. Finally the evaluation of the model is described, where it is interpreted in general form the behavior of those main variables that describe the stationary state, corroborating that follow the same tendency that those reported in the FSAR (Final Safety Analysis Report) of the Laguna Verde plant. The obtained results allow to conclude that the made development was satisfactory and that it presents enormous advantages regarding the capacity and time of analysis when using tools of visualization in real time of execution. (Author)

  18. MORFOMETRÍA, HIDRODINÁMICA Y FÍSICO-QUÍMICA DEL AGUA DE LA LAGUNA DE CHAUTENGO, GUERRERO, MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rendón-Dircio JA

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio del comportamiento de las variables morfométricas, batimétricas, hidrodinámicas y físico-químicas de la Laguna de Chautengo, Guerrero, a partir de fotografías aéreas y trabajo de campo con muestreos bimensuales de variables morfométricas, hidrodinámicas y físico-químicas del agua. Los resultados indicaron que la laguna presentó marcadas variaciones anuales en su morfometría y batimetría. El área máxima estimada fue de 29.6 km2. La barra de la laguna es recta y está colonizada en un 36.8 % por comunidades de manglar, tiene una longitud de 10 km y una anchura media de 0.52 km. Las tres islas que presenta la laguna se ubican cerca de la desembocadura y tienen un área de 83,000, 3,680 y 61,440 m2 respectivamente. La variación vertical de la columna de agua fluctuó entre 6 y 12 cm diarios, presentándose el máximo nivel a las 18:00 y 0:00 h y el mínimo a las 6:00 h. Las corrientes presentaron un valor promedio de velocidad de 1.97 m/min. La temperatura media anual fue de 29.8 oC, con una variación entre la superficie y el fondo de 0.23 oC; la salinidad varió de 0.7 a 38 ‰; el oxígeno disuelto se registró en promedio en 4.71 mg/L, existiendo una diferencia del 8.7 % entre la superficie. La laguna presenta características de un cuerpo de agua somero y tropical en un proceso avanzado de evolución, pero con condiciones adecuadas para el desarrollo de la fauna y flora acuática. Este estudio servirá de base para el diseño de un plan de manejo sostenible de las pesquerías y acuicultura de la Laguna de Chautengo.

  19. Evaluación del proceso y la eficiencia de remoción de la materia orgánica en las lagunas de estabilización del municipio de La Ceja, Antioquia, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MEJÍA RUIZ ROBERTO

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available En esta investigación, se estudió la condición ambiental y el funcionamiento de las lagunas de estabilización para el tratamiento de las aguas residuales del municipio de La Ceja, Antioquia. Este sistema ha presentado deficiencias en su operación, reflejadas en problemas organolépticos, hidráulicos y metabólicos. El sistema de lagunas del municipio de La Ceja está conformado por dos lagunas anaerobias y una laguna facultativa, que reciben las aguas residuales domésticas provenientes de un alcantarillado combinado. En los años 2003 y 2004, se realizaron mediciones de variables físicas, químicas y biológicas, incluyendo tres muestreos generales. El sistema funcionó deficientemente debido a problemas hidráulicos. La deficiencia del sistema estuvo acompañada de una baja remoción de nutrientes disueltos en la laguna facultativa asociada a un pobre desarrollo de la comunidad de microorganismos. El sistema presentó una remoción de carga orgánica del 75 %, relacionada principalmente con la sedimentación en las lagunas anaerobias.

  20. Analysis of the noise of the jet pumps of the Unit 2 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant; Analisis de ruido de las bombas de chorro de la Unidad 2 de la Central Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillo D, R.; Ortiz V, J.; Ruiz E, J.A. [ININ, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Calleros M, G. [CFE, Central Nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)]. E-mail: rcd@nuclear.inin-mx

    2004-07-01

    The use of the analysis of noise for the detection of badly functioning of the components of a BWR it is a powerful tool in the determination of abnormal conditions of operation, during the life of a nuclear plant of power. From the eighties, some nuclear reactors have presented problems related with the jet pumps and the knots of the recirculation. The Regulatory Commission of the United States, in the I E bulletin 80-07, recommended to carry out a periodic supervision of the pressure drop of the jet pumps, to prevent structural failures. In this work, methods of analysis of noise are used for the detection of abnormal conditions of operation of the jet pumps of a BWR. Signals are analysed to low and high frequency of pressure drop with the NOISE software that is in development. The obtained results show the behavior of the jet pumps of jet 6 and 11 before and after a partial blockade in their throats where the pump 6 return to their condition of previous operation and the pump 11 present a new fall of pressure, inside the limit them permissible of operation. The methodology of the analysis of noise demonstrated to be an useful tool for the badly functioning detection, and you could apply to create a database to supervise the dynamic behavior of the jet pumps of an BWR. (Author)

  1. Generation of the ECP database (ECP01.DAT) of the cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde with burnt of 1377 MWD/MT; Generacion de la base ECP (ECP01.DAT) del ciclo 1 de la Unidad 1 de Laguna Verde con quemado de 1377 MWD/MT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perusquia C, R. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    1992-10-15

    In order to carrying out a comparison among the results provided by the Program of Estimate of the ECP Critical Position and the Shutdown/Startup produced in the Cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde, it was generated the base of the ECP program, following the outlines settled down in the Procedure 'Generation of ECP Database for Laguna Verde' (IT.SN/DFR-074). Next the data sheets filled when being generated the ECP01.DAT database with a burnt of 1377 MWD/MT are provided. In the report IT.SN/DFR-079 'Adjustment and Preliminary Evaluation of the Predictions of Criticity of the ECP Program with Reported Data of the Cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde', the results of the comparison among those estimates of the ECP program using the ECP01.DAT database with the real data of the Cycle 1 of the Unit 1 of Laguna Verde are presented. (Author)

  2. To report the obtained results in the simulation with the FCS-11 and Presto codes of the two first operation cycles of the Laguna Verde Unit 1 reactor; Reportar los resultados obtenidos en la simulacion con los codigos FCS-11 y PRESTO de los dos primeros ciclos de operacion del reactor Laguna Verde Unidad 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montes T, J.L.; Moran L, J.M.; Cortes C, C.C

    1990-08-15

    The objective of this work is to establish a preliminary methodology to carry out analysis of recharges for the reactor of the Laguna Verde U-1, by means of the evaluation of the state of the reactor core in its first two operation cycles using the FCS2 and Presto-B codes. (Author)

  3. Determinación de Glifosato mediante inmunoensayo enzimático (ELISA en el Paisaje Protegido Laguna de Rocha y su entorno, Uruguay.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Nardo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available En el entorno de la Laguna de Rocha se ha visto incrementada la superficie dedicada a las actividades agrícolas con un mayor uso de plaguicidas, entre ellos el herbicida glifosato, usado en cultivos de soja principalmente. Mediante la utilización de técnicas de inmunoensayo enzimático (ELISA, se investigó la presencia de glifosato en la Laguna y algunos de sus afluentes en dos momentos específicos de tiempo. Se detectó glifosato en 27 de las 28 muestras estudiadas. Muestras positivas por ELISA fueron confirmadas por cromatografía iónica. El método ELISA demostró ser una herramienta de screening adecuada para determinar la presencia de glifosato en agua.

  4. Modelización de la hidroquímica y sedimentoquímica de una laguna tipo playa (Cl- So2-4 Mg2+ - Na+: La Laguna Grande de Quero (Toledo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García del Cura, M. A.

    1991-08-01

    Full Text Available The «Laguna Grande de Quero», is a saline pond located on the aluvial system from the Cigüela and Riansares rivers. The pond's underground impermeable materials are claystone with gypsum from the Triassic ages. On the next reliefs appears gypsiferous-detrital and calcareous materials from the Tertiary ages. A model have been created for the evaporative process, correcting the saline effect bearing in mind the climatic parameters; the conclusions obtained are coherents with the experimental data, which have been obtained in two experimental pools placed for the evaporative- concentration processes chasing. The experimental precipitation sequence obtained was: calcite + gypsum → bloedite + thenardite → bloedite → epsomite + halite. This sequence has been studied about saits generated on the air-brine interface. Moreover coincide with the foreseeable theoric sequence, according to Valyashko diagrams. In the natural environment appears facies and paragenesis associations coherents with the experimental data. During the evaporative process to specific gravity and concentration evolution graphics show a stagnancy period, «plateau effect», that it seams to coincide with a differential heating from the depth waters. The explanation of this effect can be related with the salts dissolution previously formed.La Laguna Grande de Quero, se ubica en el sistema aluvial de los ríos Cigüela-Riansares. Los materiales del subsuelo impermeable de la laguna son lutitas con yeso del Trías. En los relieves próximos afloran materiales detrítico-yesíferos y calcáreos de edad Terciaria. Se ha establecido un modelo del proceso de evaporación, corrigiendo el efecto salino, y teniendo en cuenta los parámetros climáticos, obteniendo resultados coherentes con los datos obtenidos en las balsas experimentales instaladas para el seguimiento del proceso de evaporación-concentración de la salmuera. La secuencia de precipitación experimental

  5. Groundwater flow in a closed basin with a saline shallow lake in a volcanic area: Laguna Tuyajto, northern Chilean Altiplano of the Andes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera, Christian; Custodio, Emilio; Chong, Guillermo; Lambán, Luis Javier; Riquelme, Rodrigo; Wilke, Hans; Jódar, Jorge; Urrutia, Javier; Urqueta, Harry; Sarmiento, Alvaro; Gamboa, Carolina; Lictevout, Elisabeth

    2016-01-15

    Laguna Tuyajto is a small, shallow saline water lake in the Andean Altiplano of northern Chile. In the eastern side it is fed by springs that discharge groundwater of the nearby volcanic aquifers. The area is arid: rainfall does not exceed 200mm/year in the rainiest parts. The stable isotopic content of spring water shows that the recharge is originated mainly from winter rain, snow melt, and to a lesser extent from some short and intense sporadic rainfall events. Most of the spring water outflowing in the northern side of Laguna Tuyajto is recharged in the Tuyajto volcano. Most of the spring water in the eastern side and groundwater are recharged at higher elevations, in the rims of the nearby endorheic basins of Pampa Colorada and Pampa Las Tecas to the East. The presence of tritium in some deep wells in Pampa Colorada and Pampa Las Tecas indicates recent recharge. Gas emission in recent volcanoes increase the sulfate content of atmospheric deposition and this is reflected in local groundwater. The chemical composition and concentration of spring waters are the result of meteoric water evapo-concentration, water-rock interaction, and mainly the dissolution of old and buried evaporitic deposits. Groundwater flow is mostly shallow due to a low permeability ignimbrite layer of regional extent, which also hinders brine spreading below and around the lake. High deep temperatures near the recent Tuyajto volcano explain the high dissolved silica contents and the δ(18)O shift to heavier values found in some of the spring waters. Laguna Tuyajto is a terminal lake where salts cumulate, mostly halite, but some brine transfer to the Salar de Aguas Calientes-3 cannot be excluded. The hydrogeological behavior of Laguna Tuyajto constitutes a model to understand the functioning of many other similar basins in other areas in the Andean Altiplano. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Variación temporal y espacial de aves playeras en la laguna Barra de Navidad, Jalisco, en tres temporadas no reproductivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Hernández

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Hay un escaso conocimiento de las aves playeras en los humedales costeros de Jalisco, y en particular en la laguna Barra de Navidad. El presente trabajo contribuye al conocimiento de este grupo de aves y describe su distribución temporal y espacial en la laguna Barra de Navidad durante tres temporadas no reproductivas (1999-2000, 2006-2007 y 2008-2009. Se realizaron censos mensuales de noviembre-abril en las tres temporadas con el fin de registrar todas las especies de aves playeras. Se identificaron 19 especies (tres residentes y 16 visitantes de invierno, de las cuales Charadrius wilsonia, Limosa fedoa y Tringa semipalmata presentaron la mayor abundancia. Doce especies son consideradas como prioritarias en la “Estrategia para la Conservación y Manejo de las Aves Playeras y su Hábitat en México”. El mayor número de especies fue registrado en noviembre, diciembre y marzo en la primera y tercera temporada. El mayor número de individuos fue registrado alimentándose en marea baja, principalmente en diciembre, enero y febrero de la primera y tercera temporada. En marea baja hubo un mayor número de especies e individuos alimentándose en la zona C. Esta zona se caracterizó por tener sustratos lodosos expuestos durante marea baja y que fueron aprovechados por las aves para alimentarse. La laguna Barra de Navidad proporcionó hábitats de alimentación y descanso para las aves residentes y migratorias. Sin embargo, estos hábitats se ven amenazados por las actividades humanas realizadas dentro de la laguna, que sin duda tendrán consecuencias negativas para la distribución y abundancia de las aves playeras.

  7. Chemistry of Hot Spring Pool Waters in Calamba and Los Banos and Potential Effect on the Water Quality of Laguna De Bay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balangue, M. I. R. D.; Pena, M. A. Z.; Siringan, F. P.; Jago-on, K. A. B.; Lloren, R. B.; Taniguchi, M.

    2014-12-01

    Since the Spanish Period (1600s), natural hot spring waters have been harnessed for balneological purposes in the municipalities of Calamba and Los Banos, Laguna, south of Metro Manila. There are at more than a hundred hot spring resorts in Brgy. Pansol, Calamba and Tadlac, Los Banos. These two areas are found at the northern flanks of Mt. Makiling facing Laguna de Bay. This study aims to provide some insights on the physical and chemical characteristics of hot spring resorts and the possible impact on the lake water quality resulting from the disposal of used water. Initial ocular survey of the resorts showed that temperature of the pool water ranges from ambient (>300C) to as high as 500C with an average pool size of 80m3. Water samples were collected from a natural hot spring and pumped well in Los Banos and another pumped well in Pansol to determine the chemistry. The field pH ranges from 6.65 to 6.87 (Pansol springs). Cation analysis revealed that the thermal waters belonged to the Na-K-Cl-HCO3 type with some trace amount of heavy metals. Methods for waste water disposal are either by direct discharge down the drain of the pool or by discharge in the public road canal. Both methods will dump the waste water directly into Laguna de Bay. Taking in consideration the large volume of waste water used especially during the peak season, the effect on the lake water quality would be significant. It is therefore imperative for the environmental authorities in Laguna to regulate and monitor the chemistry of discharges from the pool to protect both the lake water as well as groundwater quality.

  8. Pluralidad y lagunas jurídicas en ecoleyes relacionadas con áreas naturales protegidas de competencia estatal en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Ignacio Castro Salazar

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se diserta sobre la pluralidad y las lagunas jurídicas en las áreas naturales protegidas en México, por considerarlas un instrumento de conservación clave para cientos de especies y ecosistemas. El estudio se realizó a escala nacional con base en la legislación vigente hasta finales de 2015, con el objetivo de identificar las lagunas legales relacionadas con dichas áreas; primero se presenta el estado del arte y el enfoque teórico-conceptual que guió al estudio, y luego se describe la metodología empleada, basada principalmente en análisis de contenido. También se muestran los resultados y las discusiones sobre la pluralidad de las leyes en la materia, y además las lagunas existentes en ellas. Entre los primeros destaca que, a pesar de que en casi todos los estados hay áreas naturales protegidas, la mayoría no cuenta con leyes para su regulación, y también sobresale que muchas autorizan el autoconsumo, aunque no lo definen.

  9. El Museo de la Educación de la Universidad de La Laguna: Recordar el pasado para valorar el presente. // Education Museum of the University of La Laguna Remembering the past to value the present.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Vega Navarro

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available (ES La creación del Museo de la Educación de La Universidad de La Laguna (MEDULL es la respuesta a la inquietud por recuperar, conservar y dar a conocer el patrimonio histórico educativo de Canarias. El MEDULL cuenta desde sus inicios con el apoyo del Vicerrectorado de Relaciones Universidad y Sociedad, que lo incorpora dentro de su organigrama como Aula Cultural, así como de la Dirección General de Patrimonio Histórico del Gobierno de Canarias. Su exposición permanente está ubicada en la Facultad de Educación. La exposición se organiza en torno a dos aulas (una de los años 40-50 y otra de los años 70 y permite a los visitantes conocer no sólo los materiales de enseñanza utilizados en esas décadas, sino también diferentes aspectos de la vida del alumnado y de los docentes. Las actividades del Museo forman parte de la formación del alumnado de la Facultad de Educación, y son el objeto de proyectos de trabajo del alumnado de Educación Primaria. y Secundaria que nos visita. // (EN The foundation of the Education Museum of La Laguna University (MEDULL is a response to the desire to recover, preserve and show the general public the educational heritage of the Canary Islands. The MEDULL has been supported from its beginnings by the Vice-Rector’s Office for University-Society relations, which has included the museum in its organizational chart as Cultural Classroom. The MEDULL is also supported by the General Directorate of Historical Heritage of the Canary Government. The permanent exhibition of the museum is in the Faculty of Education. The exhibition is organized around two classrooms (one from the 1940s and 1950s and the other from the 1970s and allows visitors not only to know the teaching materials used in those times, but also different aspects of the life of students and teachers. The activities of the museum are part of the training of the Faculty of Education students, and are the subject of work projects of the primary

  10. Determinación de tiempos de tránsito en el sistema hidráulico de la central hidroeléctrica San Gabán II

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastián, Carlos; Maghella, Gerardo; Maguiña, José

    2002-01-01

    El presente trabajo consistió en determinar el comportamiento hidráulico de las aguas de las diferentes lagunas (Pauchinta, Parinajota y Suytococha), que alimentan con la Central Hidroeléctrica San Gabán II, a través de los ríos Corani y Macusani, mediante el tiempo de tránsito hacia la Presa Derivadora.

  11. Variables ambientales y abundancia de los huevos de Anchoa mitchilli (Pisces: Engraulidae en la laguna de Tamiahua, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Díaz-Avalos

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la abundancia de huevos de Anchoa mitchilli (Cuvier y Valenciennes 1848 en la laguna de Tamiahua, Ver. durante tres ciclos anuales (84-85, 85-86 y 86-87, para determinar zonas y épocas de alta concentración de huevos y su posible asociación con variables como temperatura, salinidad, transparencia y profundidad, así como con factores espacio-temporales como posición geográfica, época climática y el ciclo anual de recolecta. Para probar estadísticamente la asociación de la abundancia de huevos con dichos factores y variables se ajusto un Modelo Lineal Generalizado (MLG con error tipo Gamma. Los resultados del modelo ajustado sugieren que no todas las variables tienen un efecto significativo sobre la abundancia de huevos (t de Student, p >0.05. Las variables que resultaron estadísticamente significativas indican la presencia de un componente estacional y que la salinidad tiene un efecto condicional a la localidad. Las mayores abundancias promedio durante los tres ciclos de recolecta ocurrieron siempre durante el verano. Asimismo, debido a la presencia de interacciones significativas (t de Student, pEgg abundance of Anchoa mitchilli was studied in Laguna de Tamiahua, Veracruz during three annual cycles (84-85, 85-86 and 86-87. Our goal was to detect areas and seasons with high egg abundance and the possible association of such areas and seasons with covariates such as temperature, salinity, transparency, depth, location, season and year. The association was tested statistically using a Generalized Linear Model (GLM with Gamma type error. The results suggest that not all the covariates considered have a significant effect on egg abundance (Student’s T, p>0.005. The significant effects show the presence of a seasonal component and that the effect of salinity on egg abundance is conditional to location. High average egg abundances for the three annual cycles were observed during summer. The presence of significant interactions

  12. Impact of flow induced vibration acoustic loads on the design of the Laguna Verde Unit 2 steam dryer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Forsyth, D. R.; Wellstein, L. F.; Theuret, R. C.; Han, Y.; Rajakumar, C.; Amador C, C.; Sosa F, W.

    2015-09-01

    Industry experience with Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs) has shown that increasing the steam flow through the main steam lines (MSLs) to implement an extended power up rate (EPU) may lead to amplified acoustic loads on the steam dryer, which may negatively affect the structural integrity of the component. The source of these acoustic loads has been found to be acoustic resonance of the side branches on the MSLs, specifically, coupling of the vortex shedding frequency and natural acoustic frequency of safety relief valves (SRVs). The resonance that results from this coupling can contribute significant acoustic energy into the MSL system, which may propagate upstream into the reactor pressure vessel steam dome and drive structural vibration of steam dryer components. This can lead to high-cycle fatigue issues. Lock-in between the vortex shedding frequency and SRV natural frequency, as well as the ability for acoustic energy to propagate into the MSL system, are a function of many things, including the plant operating conditions, geometry of the MSL/SRV junction, and placement of SRVs with respect to each other on the MSLs. Comision Federal de Electricidad and Westinghouse designed, fabricated, and installed acoustic side branches (ASBs) on the MSLs which effectively act in the system as an energy absorber, where the acoustic standing wave generated in the side-branch is absorbed and dissipated inside the ASB. These ASBs have been very successful in reducing the amount of acoustic energy which propagates into the steam dome. In addition, modifications to the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant Unit 2 steam dryer have been completed to reduce the stress levels in critical locations in the dryer. The objective of this paper is to describe the acoustic side branch concept and the design iterative processes that were undertaken at Laguna Verde Unit 2 to achieve a steam dryer design that meets the guidelines of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Boiler and Pressure

  13. Application of new control technology during the maintenance of equipment in the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ojeda R, M. A.

    2008-01-01

    In the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, in normal operation and recharges are carried out activities of preventive maintenance and corrective to different equipment, due to the one displacement of radioactive materials from the vessel of the reactor until the one system of vapor, different radiation levels are generated (from low until very high) in the circuits of vapor and water, the particles can be incrusted on those interior surfaces of the pipes and equipment, creating this way a potential risk of contamination and exhibition during the maintenance of equipment. To help to optimize the dose to the personnel the use of new technology the has been implemented which besides contributing an absolute control of the work, it offers bigger comfort to the one worker during the development of their work, also contributing a supervision more effective of the same one. Using the captured and processed information of the work developed you can use for the personnel's capacitation and feedback of the work for the continuous improvement of the same one. During a reduction of programmed power and normal operation are carried out maintenance correctives and specific works to preserve the readiness and ability of the equipment and with this to maintain the security of the nuclear power plant. The development of the theme it is showing the advances and commitments of personnel to take to excellence to the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde showing to the obtained results of the dose and benefits of 2 works carried out in the nuclear power plant where tools ALARA were applied as well as the use of the new technology (Video Equipment of Tele dosimetry and Audio 'VETA') in works carried out in the building of purification level 10.15, change and cuts of filter of the prefilters of system G16, as well as,the retirement and transfer for its decay of High Integrity Container (HIC) of the building of purification level -0.55 to the Temporary Warehouse in Site. Works of high

  14. Impact of flow induced vibration acoustic loads on the design of the Laguna Verde Unit 2 steam dryer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forsyth, D. R.; Wellstein, L. F.; Theuret, R. C.; Han, Y.; Rajakumar, C. [Westinghouse Electric Company LLC, Cranberry Township, PA 16066 (United States); Amador C, C.; Sosa F, W., E-mail: forsytdr@westinghouse.com [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Km 42.5 Carretera Cardel-Nautla, 91680 Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2015-09-15

    Industry experience with Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs) has shown that increasing the steam flow through the main steam lines (MSLs) to implement an extended power up rate (EPU) may lead to amplified acoustic loads on the steam dryer, which may negatively affect the structural integrity of the component. The source of these acoustic loads has been found to be acoustic resonance of the side branches on the MSLs, specifically, coupling of the vortex shedding frequency and natural acoustic frequency of safety relief valves (SRVs). The resonance that results from this coupling can contribute significant acoustic energy into the MSL system, which may propagate upstream into the reactor pressure vessel steam dome and drive structural vibration of steam dryer components. This can lead to high-cycle fatigue issues. Lock-in between the vortex shedding frequency and SRV natural frequency, as well as the ability for acoustic energy to propagate into the MSL system, are a function of many things, including the plant operating conditions, geometry of the MSL/SRV junction, and placement of SRVs with respect to each other on the MSLs. Comision Federal de Electricidad and Westinghouse designed, fabricated, and installed acoustic side branches (ASBs) on the MSLs which effectively act in the system as an energy absorber, where the acoustic standing wave generated in the side-branch is absorbed and dissipated inside the ASB. These ASBs have been very successful in reducing the amount of acoustic energy which propagates into the steam dome. In addition, modifications to the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant Unit 2 steam dryer have been completed to reduce the stress levels in critical locations in the dryer. The objective of this paper is to describe the acoustic side branch concept and the design iterative processes that were undertaken at Laguna Verde Unit 2 to achieve a steam dryer design that meets the guidelines of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Boiler and Pressure

  15. Lateglacial and Holocene climatic changes in south-eastern Patagonia inferred from carbonate isotope records of Laguna Potrok Aike (Argentina)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oehlerich, M.; Mayr, C.; Gussone, N.; Hahn, A.; Hölzl, S.; Lücke, A.; Ohlendorf, C.; Rummel, S.; Teichert, B. M. A.; Zolitschka, B.

    2015-04-01

    First results of strontium, calcium, carbon and oxygen isotope analyses of bulk carbonates from a 106 m long sediment record of Laguna Potrok Aike, located in southern Patagonia are presented. Morphological and isotopic investigations of μm-sized carbonate crystals in the sediment reveal an endogenic origin for the entire Holocene. During this time period the calcium carbonate record of Laguna Potrok Aike turned out to be most likely ikaite-derived. As ikaite precipitation in nature has only been observed in a narrow temperature window between 0 and 7 °C, the respective carbonate oxygen isotope ratios serve as a proxy of hydrological variations rather than of palaeotemperatures. We suggest that oxygen isotope ratios are sensitive to changes of the lake water balance induced by intensity variations of the Southern Hemisphere Westerlies and discuss the role of this wind belt as a driver for climate change in southern South America. In combination with other proxy records the evolution of westerly wind intensities is reconstructed. Our data suggest that weak SHW prevailed during the Lateglacial and the early Holocene, interrupted by an interval with strengthened Westerlies between 13.4 and 11.3 ka cal BP. Wind strength increased at 9.2 ka cal BP and significantly intensified until 7.0 ka cal BP. Subsequently, the wind intensity diminished and stabilised to conditions similar to present day after a period of reduced evaporation during the "Little Ice Age". Strontium isotopes (87Sr/86Sr ratio) were identified as a potential lake-level indicator and point to a lowering from overflow conditions during the Glacial (∼17 ka cal BP) to lowest lake levels around 8 ka cal BP. Thereafter the strontium isotope curve resembles the lake-level curve which is stepwise rising until the "Little Ice Age". The variability of the Ca isotope composition of the sediment reflects changes in the Ca budget of the lake, indicating higher degrees of Ca utilisation during the period with

  16. Abundancia y estructura poblacional de Crocodylus acutus (Reptilia: Crocodylidae en la laguna Palmasola, Oaxaca, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús García-Grajales

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available La abundancia y estructura poblacional son pará-metros importantes para evaluar y comparar el estatus de conservación de una población a través del tiempo en un área determinada. Este estudio describe la abundancia y estructura poblacional de Crocodylus acutus en la laguna Palmasola, Oaxaca. El trabajo consistió en recorridos nocturnos, entre las 21 y 24h, durante la fase de luna nueva para contabilizar el número de individuos y obtener estimaciones poblacionales. El tamaño poblacional estimado fluctuó de 32.7 a 93 individuos según el modelo utilizado. Las tasas de encuentro registradas fluctuaron de 32 a 109.3 ind/km lineal durante los 40 recorridos efectuados con un tiempo promedio de navegación de 18 minutos. Existió una marcada dominancia de la clase III (subadultos, seguido por la clase II y en menor proporción las clases IV y V, así como aquellos individuos en los que no se pudo determinar el tamaño corporal, en ambas épocas del año. Mientras tanto, los individuos juveniles (Clase II se observaron en mayor proporción asociados al manglar que cubre las orillas del cuerpo de agua (26.1%, los individuos subadultos (Clase III a menudo se observaron sobre el espejo de agua sin vegetación flotante (22.7% y entre el manglar que cubre las orillas del cuerpo de agua (15.7%, mientras que los ejemplares adultos se observaron con mayor frecuencia sobre el espejo de agua sin vegetación flotante (9.7%. Con la presente información se contribuye al conocimiento de la ecología poblacional de C. acutus en la laguna Palmasola donde el tamaño poblacional estimado parece mostrar valores altos con respecto a lo reportado en otros estados de la República Mexicana.

  17. Limnology in El Dorado: some surprising aspects of the regulation of phytoplankton productive capacity in a high-altitude Andean lake (Laguna de Guatavita, Colombia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donato, Jhon; Jimenez, Paola; Reynolds, Colin

    2012-09-01

    High-altitude mountain lakes remain understudied, mostly because of their relative inaccessibility. Laguna de Guatavita, a small, equatorial, high-altitude crater lake in the Eastern Range of the Colombian Andes, was once of high cultural importance to pre-Columban inhabitants, the original location of the legendary El Dorado. We investigated the factors regulating the primary production in Laguna de Guatavita (4degrees58'50" N - 73degrees46'43" W, alt. 2 935m.a.s.l., area: 0.11km2, maximum depth: 30m), during a series of three intensive field campaigns, which were conducted over a year-long period in 2003-2004. In each, standard profiles of temperature, oxygen concentration and light intensity were determined on each of 16-18 consecutive days. Samples were collected and analysed for chlorophyll and for biologically-significant solutes in GF/F-filtered water (NH4+, NO3(-), NO2(-); soluble reactive phosphorus). Primary production was also determined, by oxygen generation, on each day of the campaign. Our results showed that the productive potential of the lake was typically modest (campaign averages of 45-90mg C/m2.h) but that many of the regulating factors were not those anticipated intuitively. The lake is demonstrably meromictic, reminiscent ofkarstic dolines in higher latitudes, its stratification being maintained by solute- concentration gradients. Light penetration is poor, attributable to the turbidity owing to fine calcite and other particulates in suspension. Net primary production in the mixolimnion of Laguna de Guavita is sensitive to day-to-day variations in solar irradiance at the surface. However, deficiencies in nutrient availability, especially nitrogen, also constrain the capacity of the lake to support a phytoplankton. We deduced that Laguna de Guatavita is something of a limnological enigma, atypical of the common anticipation of a "mountain lake". While doubtlessly not unique, comparable descriptions of similar sites elsewhere are sufficiently

  18. Patrones de variación espacial y temporal de los macroinvertebrados acuáticos en la Laguna de Tecocomulco, Hidalgo (México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Axel Eduardo Rico-Sánchez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available La Laguna de Tecocomulco (Hidalgo es un relicto de los antiguos Lagos del Anáhuac con suma importancia para la conservación de aves acuáticas. No obstante, se desconoce su composición de macroinvertebrados. En el presente estudio se analizaron las variaciones espaciales y temporales de los macroinvertebrados acuáticos de la laguna. Se realizaron cuatro campañas de monitoreo (lluvias y estiaje. Se estudiaron seis sitios (litorales y en interior de la laguna, se registraron factores ambientales, se determinaron parámetros de calidad del agua y se recolectaron macroinvertebrados acuáticos. Se obtuvo la riqueza de familias y se calculó su Índice de Valor de Importancia. Se realizaron análisis multivariados de ordenación por componentes principales (ACP con base en sus características físicas y químicas y de similitud entre sitios y familias con los índices de Jaccard y Bray-Curtis. Tambien se hizo un análisis de correspondencias canónicas (ACC de factores ambientales y macroinvertebrados acuáticos y macrófitas. El ACP mostró la variación estacional, con el período cálido (mayo y agosto y el periodo frío (noviembre y enero mostrando altos valores de conductividad, alcalinidad, dureza, sulfatos y macronutrientes (N y P. Se encontraron 26 familias de macroinvertebrados, con la máxima riqueza en agosto. El análisis de similitud de Jaccard diferenció los sitios litorales por su mayor riqueza de familias de la zona limnética, mismos que presentan diferencias en la composición de macrófitas. El estudio revela que la Laguna de Tecocomulco tiene variaciones espaciales y temporales relacionadas tanto con factores ambientales como bióticos con la presencia de grupos dominantes. En ese sentido, y considerando su diversidad de macroinvertebrados, la Laguna de Tecocomulco debe ser sujeta a un plan de conservación y manejo.

  19. Relative frequencies of deletereo genes in populations of droshopila Melanogaster from Laguna Verde, Veracruz; Frecuencias relativas de genes deletereos en poblaciones de Drosophila melanogaster originarias de Laguna Verde, Veracruz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salceda, V. M. [ININ, 52750 La Marquesa, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)]. e-mail: vmss@nuclear.inin.mx

    2008-07-01

    In order to obtain data about the possible changes and/or damages that could cause the operation of the reactors of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde to the populations of drosophila Melanogaster that lives in the zone, one carried out one series of biannual collections (summer and winter) during the years 1991-1992 and 1996-1998 to obtain individuals of this species and to subject them to a battery of tests. The flies of this species that it was possible to capture were transported to the Biology Laboratory of the National Institute of Nuclear Research, where they were put under in individual form a series of you cross they allowed that us in the third generation to detect the presence of deletereo genes that following their viability were catalogued like normal, lethal or less lethal according to the methodology of Wallace. This way a total of 933 second chromosomes was analyzed to leave of them the relative frequencies were calculated of each one of the categories, for each sample station. The result of the applied statistical test indicates us that not significant difference exists among the populations and that the differences of having them must only to the environment changes something that usually happen in all the population. For what we can point out that the presence of the reactors does not seem to influence negatively in the behavior of the population that lives in the zone. (Author)

  20. Structuring a risk-informed and performance-based process for optimization of regulation for Laguna Verde NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rodriguez-Hernandez, A.

    2001-01-01

    This work describes the plan for a process to incorporate into the regulatory activities the risk information derived from probabilistic risk assessments, as well as information generated by the periodic evaluation of the Maintenance Rule (MR, 10CFR50.65). The current status of the Laguna Verde NPP (LVNPP) risk analysis, PSA Level 1, allows determining in a reliable way the accident scenarios and the involved systems having significant impact on safety. The determination of system's risk significance allows carrying out a prioritization of safety issues to be evaluated and inspected; for example, operational events, changes to technical specifications, design modifications, inspection priorities, etc. In addition, complementary and basic information are the results generated by the performance monitoring of structures, systems and components (SSCs) under the scope of the MR. The SSCs performance trends are indicatives to focus evaluation and inspection activities on important issues. Then, with the reportability in short periods the performance evaluations of SSCs and the incorporation of a process of risk management, the evaluation and inspection activities will be directed to those risk significant systems showing degraded performance. Therefore, based on systems performance results and risk information, it is feasible to have certain flexibility or a better balance between the regulatory requirements. Inside this process, a consensus is needed with the utility to establish quality attributes for the plant-specific PSA, as well as the rules to be followed in the use of this tool and the kind of information to be reported for MR results. (author)

  1. Flora vascular y vegetación de la laguna de Parinacochas y alrededores (Ayacucho, Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José E. Roque

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available La laguna de Parinacochas, situada en el extremo sur del departamento de Ayacucho, a 3200 m de altitud, está considerada como un importante humedal altoandino; sin embargo, su riqueza florística es poco conocida. En un intento por cubrir este vacío de información botánica, se presentan los resultados de evaluaciones realizadas entre los años 2003—2006 en este ecosistema altoandino. La flora vascular está conformada por 234 taxones (225 especies y nueve taxones infraespecíficos, en 179 géneros y 73 familias; las Asteraceae, Poaceae y Fabaceae son las familias con más especies. Se encontraron siete tipos de vegetación, constituyendo los matorrales los más diversos. Veinte taxones, incluyendo cinco subespecies, son considerados endémicos para el país; se amplía, igualmente, el conocimiento sobre la distribución departamental de 93 taxones. La actividad ganadera constituye la principal amenaza antrópica, en tanto que otras actividades no representan riesgo potencial para la flora y vegetación de este ecosistema.

  2. Technological evaluation for the extension of the operation license to the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arganis J, C. R.; Medina A, A. L.

    2010-01-01

    At the present time one of the tendencies in the nuclear industry is the renovation of operation licenses of the nuclear power plants, with the purpose of prolonging their operation 20 years more than the time settled down in their original license, which is of 30 years for the case of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde. This allows the electric power generation for a major period of time and to a relatively low price, giving this way a bigger competitiveness to the power stations of nuclear power. However, to request the license extension of the nuclear power plant requires to get ready the documentation and necessary studies for: to maintain a high level of security, to optimize the operation, maintenance and service life of the structures, systems and components, to maintain an acceptable level of performance, to maximize the recovery of the investment about the service of the nuclear power plant and to preserve the sure conditions for a major operation period at the license time. This paper describes the studies conducted by the Materials Technology Department of the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (ININ) to substantiate the required documentation for obtaining the extension of operating license of the nuclear power plant. These studies are focused mainly in the reactor pressure vessels of both units, as well as in the deposit of noble metals and the influence of the sludges (crud s) in this deposit. (Author)

  3. Experiences in the implementation of the Coaching project in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-L V)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mendez M, H. I.

    2012-10-01

    This document has the purpose of to share acquired experiences during the implementation of the Coaching project focused the training of supervisors and directive personnel of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde (NPP-L V). Derived of the improvement areas identified by the supervisor organization of the nuclear power stations WANO (World Association Nuclear of Operators) and of the auto-evaluations realized by the expert personnel of the same power station that based on external experiences carried out through the Benchmarking (comparison with other power stations) they have reflected the necessity to activate a training process in Coaching with a practical focus toward the directive and supervisor personnel in the power station. By means of the observation of the personnel's acting so much in the control rooms like in different areas, three focus areas have been identified for the training in Coaching, these are the personnel's motivation, the organizational communication so much in vertical form as horizontal and the perception of confidence lack among directive, supervisors, operators and technicians. The plan focused in the abilities training of Coaching with practical sense was development, supported with an evaluation of 360 grades as tool of competitions development through a computer application e-Coaching. The use of application and Coaching following techniques facilitated the conformation of the practical focus, same that are of continuous use starting from the training of the supervisor and directive personnel. (Author)

  4. Estimation of seismic return periods in the Laguna Verde nuclear plant; Estimacion de periodos de retorno sismico en la PNLV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flores R, J.H

    1992-01-15

    The study of seismic risk in the area of the Laguna Verde Nucleo electric plant (PNLV) and its surroundings, one carries out estimating the different return periods and the occurrence probability in different intervals of time (5, 75, 100, 125, 150 years starting from the distribution of first type of Gumbel (G1) of extreme values (Burton, 1986), the value that was used to evaluate the useful life of the PNLV was of 50 years, the other periods will be occupy to evaluate 'temporal' nuclear cemeteries, that is to say for diminish the radioactive activity of the fuel assemblies already burned in the reactor pool or in a near place to the place. The seismic data that were used for the analysis were of the seismic catalog that it was elaborated from (1920-1982), around the place whose seismic half magnitude was of 5 grades Richter and a depth 65 km, these earthquakes are classified as shallow earthquakes, which are located in the continental plaque of North-America, these they are induced by the efforts of push of the plaque of Cocos, existing 36% of intermediate and 2 of deep earthquakes. (Author)

  5. Luminescence dating of the PASADO core 5022-1D from Laguna Potrok Aike (Argentina) using IRSL signals from feldspar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buylaert, Jan-Pieter; Murray, A.S.; Gebhardt, A.C.

    2013-01-01

    We have measured and tested a luminescence chronology for the PASADO core 5022-1D from the maar lake of Laguna Potrok Aike. Because of unsuitable quartz OSL characteristics, sand-sized K-feldspar extracts were chosen as a dosimeter and the dose was measured using a post-IR IRSL (pIRIR290......) measurement protocol. Using this approach we were able to access a stable signal and thus avoid the ubiquitous problem of feldspar signal instability. Extensive laboratory tests show that the chosen pIRIR290 protocol is applicable to these samples. We also developed a new criterion based on known relative...... or stratigraphy; the resulting age–depth profile is self-consistent, increases smoothly with depth and is in agreement with independent age control based on volcanic ash layers (Reclús, Mt Burney and Hudson tephras) at the top and middle of the core. Our new luminescence chronology suggests that the 5022-1D core...

  6. El consumo de sustancias psicoactivas en estudiantes de Psicología de la Universidad de la Laguna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conrado M. Viña

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio descriptivo ha tenido como principales objetivos explorar la extensión del consumo de distintas sustancias psicoactivas tanto legales como ilegales y comprobar si éstas se consumen de manera diferencial en ambos géneros. Además, se ha tratado de detectar la posible presencia de patrones de policonsumo y si éstos también variaban en función del género. El estudio se ha llevado a cabo sobre una muestra de 544 estudiantes de ambos géneros (84% mujeres y 16% hombres de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad de La Laguna, con un diseño descriptivo transversal mediante encuestas. Se realizaron diversos análisis multivariados: análisis discriminantes, análisis de regresión y análisis factoriales. Los resultados indican que las drogas más utilizadas en esta muestra universitaria fueron dos sustancias legales (alcohol y tabaco y una ilegal (cannabis. Además, se encontraron diferencias en función del género en el consumo de sustancias tales como la cocaína, las anfetaminas, el cannabis, el alcohol y otras sustancias. Los análisis factoriales aislaron patrones claros de policonsumo.

  7. Estimation of seismic return periods in the Laguna Verde nuclear plant; Estimacion de periodos de retorno sismico en la PNLV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flores R, J H

    1992-01-15

    The study of seismic risk in the area of the Laguna Verde Nucleo electric plant (PNLV) and its surroundings, one carries out estimating the different return periods and the occurrence probability in different intervals of time (5, 75, 100, 125, 150 years starting from the distribution of first type of Gumbel (G1) of extreme values (Burton, 1986), the value that was used to evaluate the useful life of the PNLV was of 50 years, the other periods will be occupy to evaluate 'temporal' nuclear cemeteries, that is to say for diminish the radioactive activity of the fuel assemblies already burned in the reactor pool or in a near place to the place. The seismic data that were used for the analysis were of the seismic catalog that it was elaborated from (1920-1982), around the place whose seismic half magnitude was of 5 grades Richter and a depth 65 km, these earthquakes are classified as shallow earthquakes, which are located in the continental plaque of North-America, these they are induced by the efforts of push of the plaque of Cocos, existing 36% of intermediate and 2 of deep earthquakes. (Author)

  8. Application of the source term code package to obtain a specific source term for the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Souto, F.J.

    1991-06-01

    The main objective of the project was to use the Source Term Code Package (STCP) to obtain a specific source term for those accident sequences deemed dominant as a result of probabilistic safety analyses (PSA) for the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (CNLV). The following programme has been carried out to meet this objective: (a) implementation of the STCP, (b) acquisition of specific data for CNLV to execute the STCP, and (c) calculations of specific source terms for accident sequences at CNLV. The STCP has been implemented and validated on CDC 170/815 and CDC 180/860 main frames as well as on a Micro VAX 3800 system. In order to get a plant-specific source term, data on the CNLV including initial core inventory, burn-up, primary containment structures, and materials used for the calculations have been obtained. Because STCP does not explicitly model containment failure, dry well failure in the form of a catastrophic rupture has been assumed. One of the most significant sequences from the point of view of possible off-site risk is the loss of off-site power with failure of the diesel generators and simultaneous loss of high pressure core spray and reactor core isolation cooling systems. The probability for that event is approximately 4.5 x 10 -6 . This sequence has been analysed in detail and the release fractions of radioisotope groups are given in the full report. 18 refs, 4 figs, 3 tabs

  9. Analysis of a natural draught tower in the circulation seawater system of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tijerina S, F.; Vargas A, A.

    2009-10-01

    The analysis of a natural draught tower in open circuit for the cooling system of seawater circulation on the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, it is based on conditions of 2027 MWt and 2317 MWt, where the flows of circulation water system hardly vary and whose purpose will be, to cool the seawater circulation. The circulation water system is used as heat drain in main condenser of turbo generator to condense the nuclear vapor. The annual average temperature in the seawater at present is of 26 C to the entrance to circulation water system and it is vary in accordance with the time of year. The mean temperature of leaving of circulation water system to the sea is of 41 C. Having a cooling tower to reduce the entrance temperature to the circulation water system, it improves the efficiency of thermal transfer in condenser, it improves the vacuum in condenser giving more operative margin to avoid condenser losses by air entrances and nuclear power plant shutdowns, as well as for to improve the efficiency of operative balance of nuclear power plant, also it prevents the impact in thermal transfer efficiency in condenser by the climatic change. (Author)

  10. Analysis of the preliminary trajectory of emergency venting of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde using RELAP5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cecenas F, M.; Jimenez S, R.; Ovando C, R.; Tijerina S, F.; Tapia M, R. N.

    2016-09-01

    For a commercial nuclear plant, the availability of a vent line to the atmosphere is an improvement to achieve the prevention and mitigation of the consequences of a severe accident. The importance of this system received greater attention after the Fukushima accident in 2011. Subsequently, in 2012 and 2013, the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission issued documents stating that the venting must be able to dislodge 1% of the rated thermal power of the core without over pressurizing the primary container. To analyze the venting of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, the line and the primary container are modeled using the thermo-hydraulic code RELAP5, simulating a release of 1% of the nominal licensed power to the container in the form of saturated steam. The vent has no problem to evacuate the energy and manages to keep the container without exceeding its design limit, and the highest percentage of thermal power that can channel the vent to the outside is approximately 3%. A sensitivity analysis increasing the diameter of the line to 14 inches allows increasing in 10% the percentage of power that can be vented to the outside without problem for the containment. (Author)

  11. Feasibility analysis in the expansion proposal of the nuclear power plant Laguna Verde: application of real options, binomial model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hernandez I, S.; Ortiz C, E.; Chavez M, C.

    2011-11-01

    At the present time, is an unquestionable fact that the nuclear electrical energy is a topic of vital importance, no more because eliminates the dependence of the hydrocarbons and is friendly with the environment, but because is also a sure and reliable energy source, and represents a viable alternative before the claims in the growing demand of electricity in Mexico. Before this panorama, was intended several scenarios to elevate the capacity of electric generation of nuclear origin with a variable participation. One of the contemplated scenarios is represented by the expansion project of the nuclear power plant Laguna Verde through the addition of a third reactor that serves as detonator of an integral program that proposes the installation of more nuclear reactors in the country. Before this possible scenario, the Federal Commission of Electricity like responsible organism of supplying energy to the population should have tools that offer it the flexibility to be adapted to the possible changes that will be presented along the project and also gives a value to the risk to future. The methodology denominated Real Options, Binomial model was proposed as an evaluation tool that allows to quantify the value of the expansion proposal, demonstrating the feasibility of the project through a periodic visualization of their evolution, all with the objective of supplying a financial analysis that serves as base and justification before the evident apogee of the nuclear energy that will be presented in future years. (Author)

  12. Long-Term Performance of the Laguna de Barlovento Reservoir Water-Proofing using a PVC-P Geo membrane

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blanco Fernandez, M.; Leiro Lopez, A.; Soriano Carrillo, J.; Crespo Mucientes, M.; Zornberg, J.; Aguilar Gonzalez, E.; Rico Arnaiz, G.; Pargada Iglesias, L.

    2014-01-01

    The Laguna de Barlovento reservoir was one of the most important European hydraulic projects at the time of its construction because of its high capacity and challenging location. At the time, the designers decided to waterproof this reservoirs with a geo membrane of plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC-P). This paper documents the initial characteristics of the geo membrane and its performance since its installation until 2010. The material characterization includes a comprehensive testing program, the results of which are presented. They include quantification of the geo membrane thickness, amount and nature of plasticizers, tensile properties, fold ability under low temperatures, dynamic impact resistance, puncture resistance, welding strength (both in the manufacturing facility and in the field), as well as the use of techniques involving optical and scanning electron microscopy. In addition, advanced analytical techniques, such as Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Gas Chromatography (GC) and Mass spectrometry (MS), were used in order to identify the plasticizers used in the geo membrane formulation. Fold ability tests were found to provide early indication of degradation. Results from reflection optical and electron scanning microscopy showed that, after 19 nineteen years of installation, the geo membrane remains in good conditions, particularly on the non-exposed side. (Author)

  13. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards Leptospirosis among Lakeshore Communities of Calamba and Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Arbiol

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Leptospirosis is a serious and potentially fatal zoonotic disease, but often neglected owing to lack of awareness. This study examined the knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning leptospirosis among agricultural (n = 152 and non-agricultural (n = 115 workers in the lakeshore communities of Calamba and Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines. The findings showed no significant differences for the knowledge and attitude scores between agricultural and non-agricultural workers. However, agricultural workers had significantly lower prevention practice scores than non-agricultural workers. The ordinary least squares regression model identified gender, use of broadcast media as a source of health information, and knowledge and attitudes about leptospirosis as significant predictors of prevention practices common to both workers. Higher educational attainment was significantly associated with prevention practices among agricultural workers, while higher age and income level were significantly associated with prevention practices among non-agricultural workers. Public health interventions to improve leptospirosis knowledge and prevention practices should include health education and promotion programs, along with the strengthening of occupational health and safety programs in the agricultural sector.

  14. Influencia de la dispersión del flujo en la remoción de coliformes fecales en las lagunas secundarias de estabilización de Masaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Gámez

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Lagunas de estabilización de aguas residuales domésticas en Nicaragua diseñadas para que el efluente no contenga un NMP de CF mayor que el indicado en el Decreto 33-95 “Normativas para el control de la contaminación proveniente de las descargas de aguas residuales domésticas, industriales y agropecuarias” no producen un efluente con esa calidad. Se realizaron estudios, para conocer el por qué de esta situación, en dos lagunas secundarias de estabilización de la ciudad de Masaya. Una laguna cuenta con pantallas deflectoras y por tanto un número de dispersión mucho menor que la segunda. Los resultados son: a La laguna secundaria con pantallas deflectoras produce un efluente con menos variaciones y menor NMPCF/100 ml; b El valor del coeficiente de extinción bacterial es menor que el reportado en la literatura; c No se encontró evidencia que este valor estuviera influido por el número de dispersión de flujo de la laguna.

  15. Paleolimnological studies of Laguna Chica of San Pedro (VIII Region: Diatoms, hydrocarbons and fatty acid records Estudio Paleolimnológico de Laguna Chica de San Pedro (VIII Región: Diatomeas, hidrocarburos y ácidos grasos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROBERTO URRUTIA

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Diatom, hydrocarbons and fatty acid sedimentary records were used for reconstructing the recent (last 150 years palaeolimnological history of Laguna Chica of San Pedro (Concepción, VIII Región, Chile. Cluster analyses (Constrained Incremental Sum of Squares on the diatom data revealed three distinct periods. The first period (1883-1940's showed a pronounced increase in sedimentation rate and a slight increase in organic matter accumulation. In this period, eutrophic species (Aulacoseira granulata and Staurosira construens became increasingly dominant. From the 1940s until the 1970s the diatom signal is more equivocal: after the initial decrease in the relative abundance of A. granulata and S. construens their numbers fluctuate without a clear pattern. Sedimentation rates strongly fluctuate in this period. From 1978 onwards eutrophic species are in decline while indicators of oligotrophic conditions, such as Cyclotella stelligera and Aulacoseira distans, become more abundant. This shift in the lake trophic status could not be attributed to a reduction in the nutrient load from the catchment and we hypothesize that the invasion of the lake by the submersed macrophyte Egeria densa has altered nutrient availability to the plankton communities. This is in agreement with the hydrocarbons and fatty acid analyses which demonstrate a shift in carbon number distributions from short chain alkanes and alkanoic acids (typical for microalgae to long chain molecules (characteristic for higher plants in the upper layers of the lake sedimentSe realizó la reconstrucción histórica de los últimos 150 años de Laguna Chica de San Pedro (Concepción, VIII Región, Chile, a través de la utilización de los restos de diatomeas, hidrocarburos y ácidos grasos contenidos en la columna de sedimento. El análisis estratigráfico de las diatomeas reveló la presencia de tres períodos diferentes. El primer período (1883-1940's, mostró un marcado aumento de las

  16. Preliminary analysis of an hydrogen generator system based on nuclear energy in the Laguna Verde site; Analisis preliminar de un sistema generador de hidrogeno basado en energia nuclear en el sitio de Laguna Verde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flores y Flores, A [FI-UNAM, 04500 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Francois L, J L [FI-UNAM, Jiutepec, Morelos (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    The shortage of fossil fuels in the next future, as well as the growing one demand of energetics and the high cost of the production of alternating fuels, it forces us to take advantage of to the maximum the fossil fuel with the one which we count and to look for the form of producing alternating fuels at a low cost and better even if these supply sources are reliable and non pollutants. It is intended a solution to the shortage of fuel; to use the thermal energy liberated of some appropriate nuclear reactor to be able to obtain a fuel but clean and relatively cheap as it is the hydrogen. In the first place the methods were looked for to produce hydrogen using thermal energy, later it was analyzed the temperature liberated by the existent nuclear reactors as well as the advanced designs, according to this liberated temperature settled down that the methods but feasible to produce hydrogen its were the one of reformed with water stream of the natural gas (methane) and the other one of the S-I thermochemical cycle, and the nuclear reactors that give the thermal energy for this production they are those of gas of high temperature. Once established the processes and the appropriate reactors, it was analyzed the site of Laguna Verde, with relationship to the free space to be able to place the reactor and the plant producer of hydrogen, as well as the direction in which blow the dominant winds and the near towns to the place, it was carried out an analysis of some explosion of tanks that could store hydrogen and the damage that its could to cause depending from the distance to which its were of the fire. Finally it was carried out an evaluation of capital and of operation costs for those two methods of hydrogen production. (Author)

  17. La laguna di Mistras: nuove ipotesi sull'antico porto di Tharros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Ardu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Over the last few years, a new and interesting theory has located the port of the ancient city of Tharros (Central-Western Sardinia in the area of the Mistras lagoon, nowadays completely unsuitable for such a purpose for a number of reasons. This new perspective, if substantiated by research, would explain why the localization of the seaport of the city of Tharros has been so uncertain so far. In this paper, the author shows the results of underwater and terrestrial surveys carried out in the area of the lagoon in the last years. She compares them with geomorphologic and historical evidence in order to analyse and discuss the possibility that the past geographical traits of the region could have made it suitable for hosting an active port until the VI century AD.

  18. Simulation of overpressure events with a Laguna Verde model for the RELAP code to conditions of extended power up rate; Simulacion de eventos de sobrepresion con un modelo de Laguna Verde para el codigo RELAP a condiciones de aumento de potencia extendido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez H, A.; Araiza M, E.; Fuentes M, L.; Ortiz V, J., E-mail: andres.rodriguez@inin.gob.mx [ININ, Departamento de Sistemas Nucleares, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2012-10-15

    In this work the main results of the simulation of overpressure events are presented using a model of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde developed for the RELAP/SCDAPSIM code. As starting point we have the conformation of a Laguna Verde model that represents a stationary state to similar conditions to the operation of the power station with Extended Power Up rate (EPU). The transitory of simulated pressure are compared with those documented in the Final Safety Analysis Report of Laguna Verde (FSAR). The results of the turbine shot transitory with and without by-pass of the main turbine are showed, and the event of closes of all the valves of main vapor isolation. A preliminary simulation was made and with base in the results some adjustments were made for the operation with EPU, taking into account the Operation Technical Specifications of the power station. The results of the final simulations were compared and analyzed with the content in the FSAR. The response of the power station to the transitory, reflected in the model for RELAP, was satisfactory. Finally, comments about the improvement of the model are included, for example, the response time of the protection and mitigation systems of the power station. (Author)

  19. Cambios en el régimen hídrico de la laguna Lasuntay y Chuspicocha por variaciones en el Nevado Huaytapallana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacinto Arroyo Aliaga

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Estimar los efectos de las variaciones de torrentes de agua de los glaciares del Nevado Huaytapallana que emanan al sistema hídrico de las lagunas de Lasuntay y Chuspicocha. Métodos: Se utilizó el método general teórico deductivo de nivel explicativo, con un diseño no experimental del tipo transversal en el tratamiento de información; como método específico se ha utilizado el balance de masa del glaciar para el cálculo de volúmenes de agua de los torrentes a partir de la instalación de una red de balizas en la mayor parte del glaciar y en la zona de acumulación y ablación se excavaron pozos mediante perforaciones para medir directamente la cantidad de nieve acumulada entre el inicio y el fin del año hidrológico. Resultados: Se ha estimado los torrentes de caudal de agua que emanan del nevado Huaytapallana a las lagunas de Lasuntay y Chuspicocha en 1 226 700 m3 en la estación de verano; y de 245 340 m3 en la estación de primavera. Conclusiones: El volumen máximo de acumulación en ambas lagunas fue en el verano y el volumen mínimo en la estación de primavera, debido a las variaciones en el régimen hídrico del sistema de acumulación y ablación que afectan la disponibilidad de agua.

  20. Summer feeding ecology of Great Pampa-finches, Embernagra platensis at Laguna de Guaminí, Buenos Aires, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura M. Ferman

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assemble data on the summer feeding ecology of the Great Pampa-finch, Embernagra platensis at the Laguna de Guaminí, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and to explore the differences related to the dietary patterns for each sex between winter and summer when possible. The stomach contents of 43 birds were analyzed. The animal fraction was composed of Hymenoptera (45.1%, Coleoptera (32.4%, Lepidoptera (6.0%, Araneae (5% and Orthoptera (3.2%. The application of the index of relative importance (IRI resulted in 1490.4 for Coleoptera, 428.5 for Hymenoptera and 162.5 for Lepidoptera caterpillars. The vegetal fraction consisted of Triticum aestivum (26.9%, Cyperaceous (25%, Poaceae (Gramineae (19.3% and Panicum sp. (11.2%. The IRI values were 893.8 for Triticum aestivum, 174.5 for Gramineae, 126.5 for Panicum sp. and 112.8 for Scirpus sp. The food niche width was 0.33 for both sexes; the diversity index resulted in 1.06 for females and 1.33 for males and specific diversity ranged from 1.87 to 2.84. A canonical component analysis (CCA was performed on environmental and morphometric variables, and a Monte Carlo test confirmed the canonical correlations. A t-test showed that some birds harmonized with a logarithmic model and some with a geometric curve. During the summer, Embernagra platensis ingests Hymenoptera and Coleoptera more often than seeds, suggesting that two biological mechanisms could be taking place in this bird.O objetivo deste estudo foi reunir dados referentes à ecologia alimentar do Sabiá-do-banhado, Embernagra platensis, na laguna de Guaminí, Buenos Aires, Argentina, e explorar as diferenças relacionadas aos padrões dietéticos para cada sexo entre inverno e verão, quando possível. O conteúdo estomacal de 43 pássaros foi analisado. A fração animal foi composta por Hymenoptera (45,1%, Coleoptera (32,4%, Lepidoptera(6,0%, Araneae (5% e Orthoptera (3,2%. A aplicação do índice de importância relativa (IRI

  1. Hydrologic, water-quality, and biological assessment of Laguna de las Salinas, Ponce, Puerto Rico, January 2003-September 2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soler-López, Luis R.; Gómez-Gómez, Fernando; Rodríguez-Martínez, Jesús

    2005-01-01

    The Laguna de Las Salinas is a shallow, 35-hectare, hypersaline lagoon (depth less than 1 meter) in the municipio of Ponce, located on the southern coastal plain of Puerto Rico. Hydrologic, water-quality, and biological data in the lagoon were collected between January 2003 and September 2004 to establish baseline conditions. During the study period, rainfall was about 1,130 millimeters, with much of the rain recorded during three distinct intense events. The lagoon is connected to the sea by a shallow, narrow channel. Subtle tidal changes, combined with low rainfall and high evaporation rates, kept the lagoon at salinities above that of the sea throughout most of the study. Water-quality properties measured on-site (temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, specific conductance, and Secchi disk transparency) exhibited temporal rather than spatial variations and distribution. Although all physical parameters were in compliance with current regulatory standards for Puerto Rico, hyperthermic and hypoxic conditions were recorded during isolated occasions. Nutrient concentrations were relatively low and in compliance with current regulatory standards (less than 5.0 and 1.0 milligrams per liter for total nitrogen and total phosphorus, respectively). The average total nitrogen concentration was 1.9 milligrams per liter and the average total phosphorus concentration was 0.4 milligram per liter. Total organic carbon concentrations ranged from 12.0 to 19.0 milligrams per liter. Chlorophyll a was the predominant form of photosynthetic pigment in the water. The average chlorophyll a concentration was 13.4 micrograms per liter. Chlorophyll b was detected (detection limits 0.10 microgram per liter) only twice during the study. About 90 percent of the primary productivity in the Laguna de Las Salinas was generated by periphyton such as algal mats and macrophytes such as seagrasses. Of the average net productivity of 13.6 grams of oxygen per cubic meter per day derived from the diel

  2. Groundwater flow in a closed basin with a saline shallow lake in a volcanic area: Laguna Tuyajto, northern Chilean Altiplano of the Andes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herrera, Christian; Custodio, Emilio; Chong, Guillermo; Lambán, Luis Javier; Riquelme, Rodrigo; Wilke, Hans; Jódar, Jorge; Urrutia, Javier; Urqueta, Harry; Sarmiento, Alvaro

    2016-01-01

    Laguna Tuyajto is a small, shallow saline water lake in the Andean Altiplano of northern Chile. In the eastern side it is fed by springs that discharge groundwater of the nearby volcanic aquifers. The area is arid: rainfall does not exceed 200 mm/year in the rainiest parts. The stable isotopic content of spring water shows that the recharge is originated mainly from winter rain, snow melt, and to a lesser extent from some short and intense sporadic rainfall events. Most of the spring water outflowing in the northern side of Laguna Tuyajto is recharged in the Tuyajto volcano. Most of the spring water in the eastern side and groundwater are recharged at higher elevations, in the rims of the nearby endorheic basins of Pampa Colorada and Pampa Las Tecas to the East. The presence of tritium in some deep wells in Pampa Colorada and Pampa Las Tecas indicates recent recharge. Gas emission in recent volcanoes increase the sulfate content of atmospheric deposition and this is reflected in local groundwater. The chemical composition and concentration of spring waters are the result of meteoric water evapo-concentration, water–rock interaction, and mainly the dissolution of old and buried evaporitic deposits. Groundwater flow is mostly shallow due to a low permeability ignimbrite layer of regional extent, which also hinders brine spreading below and around the lake. High deep temperatures near the recent Tuyajto volcano explain the high dissolved silica contents and the δ"1"8O shift to heavier values found in some of the spring waters. Laguna Tuyajto is a terminal lake where salts cumulate, mostly halite, but some brine transfer to the Salar de Aguas Calientes-3 cannot be excluded. The hydrogeological behavior of Laguna Tuyajto constitutes a model to understand the functioning of many other similar basins in other areas in the Andean Altiplano. - Highlights: • Recent volcanism formations play a key role in producing recharge. • Groundwater can flow across local

  3. Cambios en el régimen hídrico de la laguna Lasuntay y Chuspicocha por variaciones en el Nevado Huaytapallana

    OpenAIRE

    Jacinto Arroyo Aliaga; Pedro Gurmendi Párraga

    2011-01-01

    Objetivos: Estimar los efectos de las variaciones de torrentes de agua de los glaciares del Nevado Huaytapallana que emanan al sistema hídrico de las lagunas de Lasuntay y Chuspicocha. Métodos: Se utilizó el método general teórico deductivo de nivel explicativo, con un diseño no experimental del tipo transversal en el tratamiento de información; como método específico se ha utilizado el balance de masa del glaciar para el cálculo de volúmenes de agua de los torrentes a partir de la instalació...

  4. Groundwater flow in a closed basin with a saline shallow lake in a volcanic area: Laguna Tuyajto, northern Chilean Altiplano of the Andes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herrera, Christian, E-mail: cherrera@ucn.cl [Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Católica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); Centro de Investigación Tecnológica del Agua en el Desierto (CEITSAZA), Universidad Católica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); Custodio, Emilio [Department of Geo-Engineering, Technical University of Catalonia/Barcelona Tech (UPC), Barcelona (Spain); Chong, Guillermo [Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Católica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); Lambán, Luis Javier [Geological Institute of Spain (IGME), Zaragoza (Spain); Riquelme, Rodrigo; Wilke, Hans [Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Católica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); Jódar, Jorge [Department of Geo-Engineering, Technical University of Catalonia/Barcelona Tech (UPC), Barcelona (Spain); Urrutia, Javier; Urqueta, Harry [Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Católica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); Centro de Investigación Tecnológica del Agua en el Desierto (CEITSAZA), Universidad Católica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); Sarmiento, Alvaro [Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Católica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); and others

    2016-01-15

    Laguna Tuyajto is a small, shallow saline water lake in the Andean Altiplano of northern Chile. In the eastern side it is fed by springs that discharge groundwater of the nearby volcanic aquifers. The area is arid: rainfall does not exceed 200 mm/year in the rainiest parts. The stable isotopic content of spring water shows that the recharge is originated mainly from winter rain, snow melt, and to a lesser extent from some short and intense sporadic rainfall events. Most of the spring water outflowing in the northern side of Laguna Tuyajto is recharged in the Tuyajto volcano. Most of the spring water in the eastern side and groundwater are recharged at higher elevations, in the rims of the nearby endorheic basins of Pampa Colorada and Pampa Las Tecas to the East. The presence of tritium in some deep wells in Pampa Colorada and Pampa Las Tecas indicates recent recharge. Gas emission in recent volcanoes increase the sulfate content of atmospheric deposition and this is reflected in local groundwater. The chemical composition and concentration of spring waters are the result of meteoric water evapo-concentration, water–rock interaction, and mainly the dissolution of old and buried evaporitic deposits. Groundwater flow is mostly shallow due to a low permeability ignimbrite layer of regional extent, which also hinders brine spreading below and around the lake. High deep temperatures near the recent Tuyajto volcano explain the high dissolved silica contents and the δ{sup 18}O shift to heavier values found in some of the spring waters. Laguna Tuyajto is a terminal lake where salts cumulate, mostly halite, but some brine transfer to the Salar de Aguas Calientes-3 cannot be excluded. The hydrogeological behavior of Laguna Tuyajto constitutes a model to understand the functioning of many other similar basins in other areas in the Andean Altiplano. - Highlights: • Recent volcanism formations play a key role in producing recharge. • Groundwater can flow across local

  5. Validation of a new version of software for monitoring the core of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde Unit 2, at the end of Cycle 10

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hernandez, G.; Calleros, G.; Mata, F.

    2009-10-01

    This work shows the differences observed in thermal limits established in the technical specifications of operation, among the new software, installed at the end of Cycle 10 of Unit 2 of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, and the old software that was installed from the beginning of the cycle. The methodology allowed to validate the new software during the coast down stage, before finishing the cycle, for what could be used as tool during the shutdown of Unit 2 at the end of Cycle 10. (Author)

  6. Conocimientos, concepciones erróneas y lagunas sobre el Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad de una muestra de maestros

    OpenAIRE

    Jarque, Sonia; Tárraga Mínguez, Raúl; Miranda Casas, Ana

    2007-01-01

    Este estudio se diseñó para analizar los conocimientos, concepciones erróneas y lagunas sobre el Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad (TDAH) de 193 maestros, como una replicación de un estudio realizado por Sciutto, Terjesen y Bender en el año 2000. Los maestros cumplimentaron el Knowledge of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (KADDS) en su versión española, adaptada por los autores del presente estudio, cuyo objetivo es evaluar los conocimientos del TDAH en tres áreas d...

  7. La ecología alimentaria del pez endémico Girardinichthys multiradiatus (Cyprinidontiformes: Goodeidae, en el Parque Nacional Lagunas de Zempoala, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Trujillo-Jiménez

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Girardinichthys multiradiatus, conocido comúnmente como "mexcalpique" un pequeño pez endémico de la cuenca del río Lerma, cuya presencia en el parque Nacional Lagunas de Zempoala, sugiere una antigua conexión entre estos lagos y la cuenca. El área de distribución actual en la porción del valle de México y Toluca se ha visto reducida, por lo que este parque representa un refugio para la especie. Sin embargo, se conoce poco de la biología del mexcalpique. Presentamos datos sobre su dieta y hábitos alimentarios. El estudio se realizó en el Lago Acoyotongo del Parque Nacional Lagunas de Zempoala mediante muestreos estacionales. La identificación del contenido estomacal (97 ejemplares se llevó hasta el taxón más específico posible. Para la cuantificación se utilizaron los métodos numérico y frecuencia de aparición. La dieta general de esta especie se encuentra constituida por doce componentes alimenticios, de los cuales once son de origen animal. Himenópteros, colémbolos y quironómidos fueron los que presentaron los mayores porcentajes de ingestión y preferencia. Esta es una especie carnívora con tendencias insectívorasThe feeding ecology of the endemic fish Girardinichthys multiradiatus (Cyprinidontiformes: Goodeidae in Lagunas of Zempoala National Park, Mexico. Girardinichthys multiradiatus, locally known as "mexcalpique", is a small endemic fish of the Lerma river basin. Its presence in lakes (Zempoala suggests a long-standing connection between these lakes and the river basin. The current range of this species in the Mexico and Toluca valley appears to have been reduced, making this park a refuge for the species. Nevertheless, little is known about its biology. We studied its diet and feeding habits in Acoyotongo Lake, Lagunas de Zempoala National Park (19°01’30"-19°06’ N, 99°16’20"-99°21’ W where seasonal collections were carried out. The gut contents of 97 specimens were identified to the most specific

  8. Estudio de percepción y análisis de evaluación sensorial del mezcal de Laguna Seca

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade Luna, Silvia Aurora

    2016-01-01

    Se analizó un estudio sobre percepción y la evaluación sensorial del mezcal artesanal elaborado en el municipio de Charcas, San Luis Potosí en la Fábrica de mezcal Laguna Seca. La valoración consistió en describir sensorialmente y determinar el nivel de aceptación por un grupo de estudio, con el propósito de generar una base de la calidad sensorial que permita a los productores del mezcal compararlo con otros mezcales. Se tomaron tres mezcales de comparación: mezcal joven, reposado ...

  9. Registros de zopilote rey (Sarcoramphus papa) en el área de Laguna de Términos, Campeche, México

    OpenAIRE

    Mircea Hidalgo-Mihart; Fernando M. Contreras-Moreno; Luz A. Pérez-Solano

    2012-01-01

    Reportamos la presencia de dos individuos juveniles de zopilote rey, Sarcoramphus papa, en la Selva La Montaña localizada al suroeste del Área de Protección de Flora y Fauna Silvestre Laguna de Términos, Campeche, México. Realizamos el registro por medio de fotografías utilizando cámaras trampa. La presencia de esta especie protegida en el área evidencia la importancia que tiene la región de la Selva La Montaña para la conservación de la biodiversidad, especialmente para especies en peligro d...

  10. Validation of a new software version for monitoring of the core of the Unit 2 of the Laguna Verde power plant with ARTS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calleros, G.; Riestra, M.; Ibanez, C.; Lopez, X.; Vargas, A.; Mendez, A.; Gomez, R.

    2005-01-01

    In this work it is intended a methodology to validate a new version of the software used for monitoring the reactor core, which requires of the evaluation of the thermal limits settled down in the Operation Technical Specifications, for the Unit 2 of Laguna Verde with ARTS (improvements to the APRMs, Rod Block Monitor and Technical specifications). According to the proposed methodology, those are shown differences found in the thermal limits determined with the new versions and previous of the core monitoring software. Author)

  11. El Dioscórides de Andrés Laguna en los textos de Cervantes: de la materia medicinal al universo literario

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco López-Muñoz; Cecilio Álamo

    2007-01-01

    The literary works of Miguel de Cervantes have been widely studied from numerous points of view, including the medical one. In the present work, we defend the hypothesis that the Andrés Laguna version of Dioscorides was the source used by Cervantes in his literary passages related to therapeutic aspects, especially in relation to plants with medicinal properties. This book, a copy of which was in Cervantes’ private library, is the only medical treatise cited by the novelist in any of his writ...

  12. Evaluación del desempeño de la planta de tratamiento de aguas residuales urbanas de ILHA Solteira (SP) por lagunas facultativas primarias

    OpenAIRE

    Iván Andrés Sánchez Ortiz; Tsunao Matsumoto

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo principal de esta investigación fue evaluar el desempeño de la Planta de Tratamiento de Aguas Residuales de Ilha Solteira-SP durante las diferentes épocas climáticas del año. Se realizó un levantamiento batimétrico de las lagunas facultativas primarias, un monitoreo de 24 horas y el seguimiento de su desempeño en 3 etapas de colecta de 3 meses de duración cada una. La planta tuvo cerca del 40% de su volumen efectivo ocupado por lodos; el efluente final registró una eficiencia medi...

  13. COMUNIDADES DE PLANTAS ACUÁTICAS EN LAGUNAS DE LOS PÁRAMOS DEL NORTE Y SUR DEL ECUADOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TERNEUS ESTEBAN

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza la distribución de plantas acuáticas y sus relaciones con factores ambientalesen 16 lagunas andinas (3100–3900 m snm, nueve ubicadas cerca a la fronteranorte del Ecuador, y siete ubicadas 600 km hacia el sur de las primeras, en el ParqueNacional Podocarpus. El propósito del estudio es identificar diferencias en la composiciónflorística y factores ambientales de dos sistemas lacustres ubicados enformaciones geológicas distintas y que por su distancia geográfica podrían serdistintos. La similitud florística se analizó mediante el índice de Steinhaus, mientrasque las similitudes ambientales fueron analizadas mediante la distancia euclidiana.La incidencia de la altitud, la temperatura del agua, el pH, la conductividad, el tipo desustrato, el contenido de SO4 y de macronutrientes (Ca, Na, K, Al, Fe, Pb se determinópor medio del Análisis de Componentes Principales (PCA. Se encontraron 19especies en total (16 en los páramos de El Ángel y nueve en los páramos del ParqueNacional Podocarpus, de las cuales seis fueron comunes a las dos áreas de estudio.La riqueza de especies cerca de las orillas fue mayor que en las zonas profundas (>1m. Las plantas enraizadas sumergidas fueron el modo de vida más diverso (47%,seguidas por las enraizadas flotantes (21% y enraizadas emergentes (21%. Lasplantas libre-flotantes (11% fueron las más pobres en especies. El tipo de sustratoy la concentración de SO4 fueron los parámetros ambientales que explicaron mejorlos cambios en la composición florística, mientras que el pH, la altitud y la temperaturadel agua tuvieron menos impacto.

  14. Reproducción y crecimiento de Heterandria bimaculata (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae en la Laguna "El Rodeo", Morelos, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Gómez-Márquez

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available De diciembre de 1986 a diciembre de 1987 se determinaron algunos aspectos de reproducción y crecimiento de Heterandria bimaculata de la laguna "El Rodeo", Morelos, México. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que de los 1 421 organismos recolectados, el 60.12% corresponden a hembras, el 34.98% a machos y el 4.89% a juveniles; con proporción sexual a favor de las hembras de 1.7: 1 (hembras: machos ;pWe studied reproduction and growth of Heterandria bimaculata in "El Rodeo" lake Morelos, Mexico, from December 1986 through December 1987. A total of 1 452 specimens were obtained (monthly samples. Females represented 60.12 %, males 34.98 % and the young 4.89 % of the population. Overall sex ratio was 1.7: 1 in favor of females (p<0.05. The size at first reproduction for females was 27 mm and for males 22 mm (standard lengths; multiple spawning occured throughout the reproductive cycle (from March through May and July through October primarily, during the rainy season. There was evidence of breeding activity throughout the year. In July the gonadosomatic index mean was highest (4.7%. The number of embryos in the ovaries were between 5 and 78, with a mean fertility of 23, the fertility was associated with standard length with determination coefficients above 93.22 percent. There was a direct relationship between specimen length and weight, and the asymptotic size for males was 64 mm and for females 81 mm (standard lengths.

  15. Technical and economic proposal for the extension of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power plant with an additional nuclear reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leal C, C.D.; Francois L, J.L.

    2006-01-01

    The increment of the human activities in the industrial environments and of generation of electric power, through it burns it of fossil fuels, has brought as consequence an increase in the atmospheric concentrations of the calls greenhouse effect gases and, these in turn, serious repercussions about the environment and the quality of the alive beings life. The recent concern for the environment has provoked that industrialized countries and not industrialized carry out international agreements to mitigate the emission from these gases to the atmosphere. Our country, like part of the international community, not is exempt of this problem for what is necessary that programs begin guided toward the preservation of the environment. As for the electric power generation, it is indispensable to diversify the sources of primary energy; first, to knock down the dependence of the hydrocarbons and, second, to reduce the emission of polluting gases to the atmosphere. In this item, the nucleo electric energy not only has proven to be safe and competitive technical and economically, able to generate big quantities of electric power with a high plant factor and a considerable cost, but rather also, it is one of the energy sources that less pollutants it emits to the atmosphere. The main object of this work is to carry out a technical and economic proposal of the extension of the Laguna Verde Nuclear power plant (CNLV) with a new nuclear reactor of type A BWR (Advanced Boiling Water Reactor), evolutionary design of the BWR technology to which belong the two reactors installed at the moment in the plant, with the purpose of increasing the installed capacity of generation of the CNLV and of the Federal Commission of Electricity (CFE) with foundation in the sustainable development and guaranteeing the protection of the environment by means of the exploitation of a clean and sure technology that counts at the moment with around 12,000 year-reactor of operational experience in more of

  16. Recent nuclear technology advances of GE-H and GNF in partnership with CFE's Laguna Verde 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cuevas V, G.; Iwamoto, T.; Banfield, J.; Calleros M, G.

    2015-09-01

    This paper is presented based on work stemming from the long-standing technical partnership between Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) and Global Nuclear Fuel - Americas LLC (GNF), and this paper's purpose is to provide valuable information for the nuclear industry. First, a one-to-one comparison of measurements from Gamma Thermometers (G Ts) installed in Laguna Verde 2 (LV-2) core against axially corresponding Traverse In-core Probe (Tip) measurements is remarkably close. This longest running G T plant validation for the Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR) power monitoring devices is also proving that the devices have the potential to simplify power measurements in Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs). Second, code validation results show remarkable reduction of radial power uncertainty with respect to current technology when new GNF codes for three-dimensional core simulations are compared to Tip power measurements. The LV-2 core is of paramount importance for BWR data analysis since the core has been loaded from the start of operation with different GNF fuel bundle types, fuel management has been designed with GNF codes and on-line core monitoring has been performed with GNF's 3-Dimensional Monicore system. This validation is also reliable since gamma Tips are used for local power measurements rather than thermal neutron Tips, which are more sensitive to local turbulence and positional changes. A nuclear/thermal-hydraulic core simulation of GNF fuel is undertaken from the beginning of operation of LV-2 (cycle 1) through the range of different power scenarios including low power, original licensed thermal power, power up rate and extended power up rate. Results confirm the conclusions from previous validations in different BWRs and support GNF efforts for licensing the new generation of nuclear engineering codes. (Author)

  17. Effects evaluation of artificial aging by temperature and gamma radiation on cables for Laguna Verde nuclear power plant (LVNPP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vazquez C, R. M.; Bonifacio M, J.; Garcia H, E. E.; Loperena Z, J. A. [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Garcia M, C., E-mail: raulmario.vazquez@inin.gob.m [CFE, Central Nuclear Laguna Verde, Km. 42.5 Carretera Cardel-Nautla, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2010-10-15

    A set of tests has been carried out at the Equipment Qualification Laboratory at National Institute of Nuclear Research to perform accelerated aging up to 60 years under temperature and gamma radiation environment for electrical cables. The results obtained from such tests are the base line data for comparison to with the current cable conditions at the plant. This work is intended for establishing the cable aging management program for the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant (LVNPP). For such purpose, the Institute has prepared methodologies and procedures to apply condition monitoring techniques in accelerated aging tests on samples of new cables drawn from the LVNPP warehouse. The condition indicators of the material selected for condition monitoring and the aging management process of cables were: Elongation at Break (EAB) and Oxidation Induction Time (OIT). A cable aging management program includes activities for cable selection, determination of condition indicators of the cable materials (EAB, OIT, Ind enter), accelerated aging of cable samples at the laboratory, analysis of maintenance history, operational experience of the plant and analysis of the environmental and service conditions (temperature and gamma radiation), as well as the establishment of a condition monitoring plan for cables in the plant. Two cable model samples were thermally aged and gamma irradiated with doses corresponding to differential operational periods. EAB and OIT values of cable insulating material (ethylene propylene and cross linked polyethylene) were obtained. It was found that the EAB and OIT data correlation is very closed, and it could be applied to infer values that are not possible to measure directly at the plant and be used for cable aging evaluation and remaining life time determination. (Author)

  18. Training in fundamentals of radiological coverage in Laguna Verde NPP; Entrenamiento de fundamentos de coberturas radiologicas en la CLV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lara H, M. A., E-mail: marcolarah@gmail.com [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica Laguna Verde, Carretera Cardel-Nautla Km. 42.5, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2014-10-15

    In 2010, the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) celebrates the Knowledge Transfer and Retention Workshop, an event where nuclear regulators and operators presented the strategies that various NPP to worldwide were implemented to mitigate the consequences of this generational change and take advantage of it, the trend in the presented works was the same: the generational change occurs in a faster way that the transfer of knowledge, the future was already here and many NPP had not been adequately prepared to train its nuclear technicians and engineers in the tasks demanded by the industry of them, so in addition to preparing these workers to forced marches was necessary to establish strategies to retain at more experienced staff in the industry. The Laguna Verde NPP has not been exempt to this process; the preparation of personnel squares to replace those that reaching retirement age in the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) has become extensive in the last five years, sometimes leading to have personnel covering functions without an alternate to the next lower position, the cause? Not enough staff. In the specific case of radiation protection (Rp) the time required for obtaining the status of Rp technician according to the ANSI/ANS 3.1 standard is 2 years, one of the tasks that most occupies part of these two years is training in radiological coverage, this training requires a mix of knowledge and experience, recently one of the concepts used for training in Rp is the evaluation and management of the radiological risk, topic that is considered in this technical work. (Author)

  19. Microbial diversity in sediment ecosystems (evaporites domes, microbial mats and crusts of hypersaline Laguna Tebenquiche, Salar de Atacama, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Beatriz Fernandez

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available We combined nucleic acid-based molecular methods, biogeochemical measurements and physicochemical characteristics to investigate microbial sedimentary ecosystems of Laguna Tebenquiche, Atacama Desert, Chile. Molecular diversity and biogeochemistry of hypersaline microbial mats, rhizome-associated concretions and an endoevaporite were compared with: The V4 hypervariable region of the 16S rRNA gene was amplified by pyrosequencing to analyze the total microbial diversity (i.e., bacteria and archaea in bulk samples and, in addition, in detail on a millimeter scale in one microbial mat and in one evaporite. Archaea were more abundant than bacteria. Euryarchaeota was one of the most abundant phyla in all samples, and particularly dominant (97% of total diversity in the most lithified ecosystem, the evaporite. Most of the euryarchaeal OTUs could be assigned to the class Halobacteria or anaerobic and methanogenic archaea. Planctomycetes potentially also play a key role in mats and rhizome-associated concretions, notably the aerobic organoheterotroph members of the class Phycisphaerae. In addition to cyanobacteria, members of Chromatiales and possibly the candidate family Chlorotrichaceae contributed to photosynthetic carbon fixation. Other abundant uncultured taxa such as the candidate division MSBL1, the uncultured MBGB and the phylum Acetothermia potentially play an important metabolic role in these ecosystems. Lithifying microbial mats contained calcium carbonate precipitates, whereas endoevoporites consisted of gypsum and halite. Biogeochemical measurements revealed that based on depth profiles of O2 and sulfide, metabolic activities were much higher in the non-lithifying mat (peaking in the least lithified systems than in lithifying mats with the lowest activity in endoevaporites. This trend in decreasing microbial activity reflects the increase in salinity, which may play an important role in the biodiversity.

  20. Local climate change induced by groundwater overexploitation in a high Andean arid watershed, Laguna Lagunillas basin, northern Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheihing, Konstantin; Tröger, Uwe

    2018-05-01

    The Laguna Lagunillas basin in the arid Andes of northern Chile exhibits a shallow aquifer and is exposed to extreme air temperature variations from 20 to -25 °C. Between 1991 and 2012, groundwater levels in the Pampa Lagunillas aquifer fell from near-surface to 15 m below ground level (bgl) due to severe overexploitation. In the same period, local mean monthly minimum temperatures started a declining trend, dropping by 3-8 °C relative to a nearby reference station. Meanwhile, mean monthly maximum summer temperatures shifted abruptly upwards by 2.7 °C on average in around 1996. The observed air temperature downturns and upturns are in accordance with detected anomalies in land-surface temperature imagery. Two major factors may be causing the local climate change. One is related to a water-table decline below the evaporative energy potential extinction depth of 2 m bgl, which causes an up-heating of the bare soil surface and, in turn, influences the lower atmosphere. At the same time, the removal of near-surface groundwater reduces the thermal conductivity of the upper sedimentary layer, which consequently diminishes the heat exchange between the aquifer (constant heat source of 10 °C) and the lower atmosphere during nights, leading to a severe dropping of minimum air temperatures. The observed critical water-level drawdown was 2-3 m bgl. Future and existing water-production projects in arid high Andean basins with shallow groundwater should avoid a decline of near-surface groundwater below 2 m bgl and take groundwater-climate interactions into account when identifying and monitoring potential environmental impacts.

  1. Recent nuclear technology advances of GE-H and GNF in partnership with CFE's Laguna Verde 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuevas V, G.; Iwamoto, T.; Banfield, J. [GE-Hitachi Nuclear Energy Americas LLC, Global Nuclear Fuel - Americas LLC, 3901 Castle Hayne Road, Wilmington, 28401 North Carolina (United States); Calleros M, G., E-mail: Gabriel.Cuevas-Vivas@age.com [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Central Nucleoelectrica de Laguna Verde, Carretera Veracruz-Nautla Km 42.5, Alto Lucero, Veracruz (Mexico)

    2015-09-15

    This paper is presented based on work stemming from the long-standing technical partnership between Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) and Global Nuclear Fuel - Americas LLC (GNF), and this paper's purpose is to provide valuable information for the nuclear industry. First, a one-to-one comparison of measurements from Gamma Thermometers (G Ts) installed in Laguna Verde 2 (LV-2) core against axially corresponding Traverse In-core Probe (Tip) measurements is remarkably close. This longest running G T plant validation for the Economic Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR) power monitoring devices is also proving that the devices have the potential to simplify power measurements in Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs). Second, code validation results show remarkable reduction of radial power uncertainty with respect to current technology when new GNF codes for three-dimensional core simulations are compared to Tip power measurements. The LV-2 core is of paramount importance for BWR data analysis since the core has been loaded from the start of operation with different GNF fuel bundle types, fuel management has been designed with GNF codes and on-line core monitoring has been performed with GNF's 3-Dimensional Monicore system. This validation is also reliable since gamma Tips are used for local power measurements rather than thermal neutron Tips, which are more sensitive to local turbulence and positional changes. A nuclear/thermal-hydraulic core simulation of GNF fuel is undertaken from the beginning of operation of LV-2 (cycle 1) through the range of different power scenarios including low power, original licensed thermal power, power up rate and extended power up rate. Results confirm the conclusions from previous validations in different BWRs and support GNF efforts for licensing the new generation of nuclear engineering codes. (Author)

  2. El impacto de la desecación de la laguna de Lerma en la gastronomía lacustre de San Pedro Tultepec de Quiroga, Estado de México

    OpenAIRE

    Felipe Carlos Viesca González

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es caracterizar la gastronomía lacustre en el Alto Lerma, prevaleciente antes y después de la desecación de la Laguna de Lerma, específicamente la de San Pedro Tultepec de Quiroga municipio de Lerma, en el Estado de México. Mediante la aplicación de la técnica etnográfica en la realización de la investigación de campo, se identificaron y localizaron a 30 personas adultas que aún entran a la laguna de Chimaliapan o Lerma, o que tienen conocimiento sobre los ingredie...

  3. Evaluación de los recursos hídricos en cabecera de las subcuencas de las provincias de Andahuaylas y Chincheros: levantamiento topográfico de vaso de lagunas

    OpenAIRE

    Autoridad Nacional del Agua. Dirección de Conservación y Planeamiento de Recursos Hídricos; Autoridad Nacional del Agua. Administración Local de Agua Bajo Apurímac Pampas

    2013-01-01

    Describe las características principales del levantamiento topográfico de vasos de lagunas en el ámbito de las sub-cuencas de las provincias de Andahuaylas y Chincheros, con el fin de evaluar futuros proyectos de afianzamiento hídrico. Las lagunas descritas en el presente informe corresponde a una selección priorizada en función a la importancia de optimizar el recurso hídrico en el ámbito de estudio.

  4. Características bio-ópticas y morfometría de una laguna de zona templada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yael Bohn, Vanesa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between field sensors and sate - llite images in the bio-optical characterization of Lake Chasicó (Argentina during the February-April 2010 period. The morphometric parameters of the body of water were obtained from in situ measurements and satellite data processing. The sensors that were used allowed spectral signatures to be acquired and then surface water characteristics were detected: turbidity, chlorophyll-a and depth variations. Results obtained from the morphometric analysis included that the lake surpassed the 50 km2 extension and showed a sub-rectangular elongated shape. The chlorophyll-a spatial distribution in the lake was modeled from the satellite image processing, in situ chlorophyll-a data and the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI calculation. 53.2 % of its area showed a chlorophyll-a range between 5 and 10 g/l. Therefore, the body of water was characterized as a mesotrophic lake, during the studied period.El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la correlación entre sensores de campo e imágenes satelitales en la caracterización bio-óptica de la laguna Chasicó (Argentina en el período febrero-abril de 2010. Los parámetros morfométricos del cuerpo de agua se obtuvieron a partir de mediciones in situ y datos satelitales. Los sensores empleados permitieron la adquisición de firmas espectrales en las que se detectaron algunas características del agua superficial: turbidez, clorofila «a» y variaciones de profundidad. Como resultado del análisis morfométrico, se obtuvo que la laguna superó los 50 km2 de extensión y presentó una forma subrectangular elongada. A partir del procesamiento de imágenes satelitales, datos de clorofila «a» y el cálculo del Índice de Vegetación de Diferencia Normalizada (en inglés, NDVI, se modeló la distribución espacial del pigmento en la laguna. El 53,2% de su área presentó entre 5 y 10 μg/l de clorofila «a», por

  5. Seismic influence in the Quaternary uplift of the Central Chile coastal margin, preliminary results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdivia, D.; del Valle, F.; Marquardt, C.; Elgueta, S.

    2017-12-01

    In order to quantify the influence of NW striking potentially seismogenic normal faults over the longitudinal variation of the Central Chile Coastal margin uplift, we measured Quaternary marine terraces, which represent the tectonic uplift of the coastal margin. Movement in margin oblique normal faults occurs by co-seismic extension of major subduction earthquakes and has occurred in the Pichilemu fault, generating a 7.0 Mw earthquake after the 2010 8.8 Mw Maule earthquake.The coastal area between 32° and 34° S was selected due to the presence of a well-preserved sequence of 2 to 5 Quaternary marine terraces. In particular, the margin oblique normal NW-trending, SW-dipping Laguna Verde fault, south of Valparaiso (33° S) puts in contact contrasting morphologies: to the south, a flat coast with wide marine terraces is carved in both, Jurassic plutonic rocks and Neogene semi-consolidated marine sediments; to the north, a steeper scarp with narrower marine terraces, over 120 m above the corresponding ones in the southern coast, is carved in Jurassic plutonic rocks.We have collected over 6 months microseimic data, providing information on seismic activity and underground geometry of the Laguna Verde fault. We collected ca. 100 systematic measurements of fringes at the base of paleo coastal scarps through field mapping and a 5 m digital elevation model. These fringes mark the maximum sea level during the terrace's carving.The heights of these fringes range between 0 and 250 masl. We estimate a 0.7 mm/yr slip rate for the Laguna Verde fault based on the height difference between corresponding terraces north- and southward, with an average uplift rate of 0.3 mm/yr for the whole area.NW striking normal faults, besides representing a potential seismic threat to the near population on one of the most densely populated areas of Chile, heavily controls the spatial variation of the coastal margin uplift. In Laguna Verde, the uplift rate differs more than three times northward

  6. Climate variability during the deglaciation and Holocene in a high-altitude alpine lake deduced from the sedimentary record from Laguna Seca, Sierra Nevada, southern Iberian Peninsula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camuera, Jon; Jiménez-Moreno, Gonzalo; José Ramos-Román, María; García-Alix, Antonio; Jiménez-Espejo, Francisco; Anderson, R. Scott

    2017-04-01

    High-resolution X-ray fluorescence (XRF), magnetic susceptibility (MS), color and lithological analyses have been carried out on a 3.6 m-long sediment core from Laguna Seca, a high-elevation dry lake from Sierra Nevada mountain range, southern Spain. This is the longest sedimentary record retrieved from an alpine lake in southern Iberian Peninsula. Besides, alpine lakes are very sensitive environments to climate changes and previous studies showed that Laguna Seca could provide an excellent record to identify millennial-scale climate variations during deglaciation and the whole Holocene. XRF analyses, in particular high calcium and low K/Ca ratios, show aridity phases, very well represented during Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and the Younger Dryas (YD). Arid events are also shown at ca. 8.1 ka BP, ca. 4.4 ka BP and the latest Holocene. On the other hand, negative values in calcium and positive values in K/Ca appear in the Bølling-Allerød (BA) and during the early Holocene until ca. 6 ka BP, indicating more humidity and higher run-off. A progressive aridification trend is also observed in the Holocene, changing from more humid conditions during the early Holocene to more aridity during the late Holocene.

  7. Edad de las terrazas y diques travertínicos de las Lagunas de Ruidera y sus implicaciones paleoclimáticas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez Frías, J.

    1988-04-01

    Full Text Available Two generations of carbonate sinter deposits of sedimentary origin occur along the shore line of the Ruidera lakes. Both of them were formed during interglaciar type climate conditions. Based on 234 U/238 U and 230 U/234 U activity relationships, two sets of ages were obtained: 10.000 years and 80.000-140.000; tbe former for the lower terraces and sinter dykes, the latter for the upper terraces.En los bordes de las Lagunas de Ruidera, existen dos generaciones fundamentales de depósitos travertínicos. La datación de estos depósitos, mediante relaciones de actividades del 234 U/238 U y 230 Th/234 U permite diferenciar un conjunto de terrazas bajas y diques de edad inferior a 10.000 años, y un conjunto de terrazas altas de edad entre 80.000 y 140.000 años, en las que se distinguen dos episodios principales. Estos periodos de crecimiento de los travertinos, se identifican con condiciones climáticas equivalentes a las de un interglaciar húmedo. Por último, se hace una estimación de la velocidad de encajamiento de las lagunas.

  8. Metodología para la selección del régimen de flujo en lagunas de estabilización

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eduardo Cruz T.

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Para modelar procesos biológicos, se necesita información sobre la estequiometría y cinética de las reacciones y sobre el régimen hidráulico del sistema. La estequiometría de una reacción se refiere a la cantidad de reactantes consumidos (tales como sustratos, y a la cantidad de productos formados (tales como microorganismos. El régimen hidráulico hace referencia a la configuración del flujo dentro y fuera del proceso y a la mezcla y distribución de los sólidos del fluido dentro del reactor. El presente artículo se centrará en estudiar los diferentes regímenes de mezcla y sus modelos cinéticos de degradación de materia orgánica aplicados al caso específico de la laguna de estabilización de aguas residuales del municipio de Tocancipá. Además se discute la metodología para determinar el tipo de flujo que sepresenta en una laguna de estabilización.

  9. El Dioscórides de Andrés Laguna en los textos de Cervantes: de la materia medicinal al universo literario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco López-Muñoz

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The literary works of Miguel de Cervantes have been widely studied from numerous points of view, including the medical one. In the present work, we defend the hypothesis that the Andrés Laguna version of Dioscorides was the source used by Cervantes in his literary passages related to therapeutic aspects, especially in relation to plants with medicinal properties. This book, a copy of which was in Cervantes’ private library, is the only medical treatise cited by the novelist in any of his writings (Don Quixote. Apart from the medicinal plants mentioned in his works, of which we have identified chicory, oleander, henbane, opium poppy, rosemary, rhubarb, tobacco, tamarisk, seeds of spurge, and vervain, Cervantes also seemed familiar with the effects of different pharmaceutical preparations produced from plants (white ointment, Aparicio’s Oil, narcotic powders, etc.. Our hypothesis is backed up by Cervantes’ use of descriptions similar to those of Laguna in his Dioscorides (the hallucinogenic effects of witches’ ointments in The Colloquy of the Dogs, the therapeutic properties of rosemary in the treatment of wounds and traumatisms in Don Quixote, the narcotic effects of opium in The Jealous Extremaduran, the psychodysleptic effects of some love potions in The Licentiate of Glass, or the toxic effects of some poisons in The Spanish-English Lady, and even, in some cases, by use of Laguna’s similar quotations (as in his reference to the purging of excessive bile in Don Quixote.

  10. Technical assistance in relationship with the reloading analysis of the Laguna Verde Unit 2 reactor. Executive abstract; Asistencia tecnica en relacion con el analisis de recargas de la CNLV U-2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso V, G.; Castro B, M.; Gallegos E, R.; Hernandez L, H.; Montes T, J.L.; Ortiz S, J. J.; Perusquia C, R. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    1993-11-15

    The objective of the report was to carry out a comparative analysis of costs of energy generation among the designs GE9B of General Electric, 9X9-IX of SIEMENS and SVEA-96 of ABB ATOM, proposed to be used as recharge fuel in the Unit 2 of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power station. (Author)

  11. Crustal seismicity associated to rpid surface uplift at Laguna del Maule Volcanic Complex, Southern Volcanic Zone of the Andes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardona, Carlos; Tassara, Andrés; Gil-Cruz, Fernando; Lara, Luis; Morales, Sergio; Kohler, Paulina; Franco, Luis

    2018-03-01

    Laguna del Maule Volcanic Complex (LMVC, Southern Andes of Chile) has been experiencing large rates (ca. 30 cm/yr) of surface uplift as detected since 2008 by satellite geodetic measurements. Previous works have modeled the source of this deformation as an inflating rectangular sub-horizontal sill underlying LMVC at 5 km depth, which is supposedly related to an active process of magmatic replenishment of a shallow silicic reservoir. However little is known about the tectonic context on which this activity is taking place, particularly its relation with crustal seismicity that could help understanding and monitoring the current deformation process. Here we present the first detailed characterization of the seismic activity taking place at LMVC and integrate it with structural data acquired in the field in order to illuminate the possible connection between the ongoing process of surface uplift and the activation of crustal faults. Our main finding is the recognition of repetitive volcano-tectonic (VT) seismic swarms that occur periodically between 2011 and 2014 near the SW corner of the sill modeled by InSAR studies. A cross-correlation analysis of the waveforms recorded for these VT events allows identifying three different seismic families. Families F1 and F3 share some common features in the stacked waveform and its locations, which markedly differ from those of family F2. Swarms belonging to this later family are more energetic and its energy was increasing since 2011 to a peak in January 2013, which coincide with maximum vertical velocities detected by local GPS stations. This points to a common process relating both phenomena. The location of VT seismic swarms roughly coincides with the intersection of a NE-SW lineament with a WNW-ESE lineament. The former shows clear field evidences of dextral strike-slip that are fully consistent with one nodal plane of focal mechanism for well-recorded F2 events. The conjugate nodal plane of these focal mechanisms could

  12. Hábitos alimentarios de las mojarras (Perciformes: Cichlidae de la laguna Caobas, Quintana Roo, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Valtierra-Vega

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la alimentación de siete especies de cíclidos (Archocentrus octofasciatus, A. spilurus, "Cichlasoma" robertsoni , "C." synspilum, "C." urophthalmus , Petenia splendida, Thorichthys meeki en la laguna Caobas, sur de la península de Yucatán. Los muestreos se llevaron a cabo durante las estaciones seca y lluviosa de 1995. Los ejemplares medían menos de 41 mm LP. Se evaluó la frecuencia de aparición y la abundancia de las presas. Los ítemes alimentarios predominantes fueron los quironómidos, ácaros, copépodos, cladóceros y ostrácodos. La mayoría de las mojarras se mostraron zooplanctófagas, con la excepción parcial de P. splendida (piscívora, "C." synspilum y A. spilurus (herbívoras. A. octofasciatus tuvo el más amplio espectro alimentario y se consideró omnívoro. Thorichthys meeki mostró cambios cuantitativos en la dieta por hora del día, talla del pez y estación del año, no así por sexo.Feeding habits of seven cichlid species (Archocentrus octofasciatus, A. spilurus, "Cichlasoma" robertsoni, "C." synspilum, "C." urophthalmus, Petenia splendida, Thorichthys meeki in Lake Caobas, southern Yucatan Peninsula, were studied. Samples were taken with enclosure and cast nets during the dry and rainy seasons of 1995 (day and night. The environment was characterized by measuring temperature, conductivity and pH. All individuals were below 41 mm SL (N=281. Frequency of occurrence and prey abundance were analyzed. Main prey items were chironomids, mites, copepods, cladocerans, and ostracods. The cichlids fed mainly on zooplankton, with the partial exceptions of P. splendida (piscivore, "C." synspilum and A. spilurus (herbivores. A cluster analysis showed that the most similar trophic spectra were those of T. meeki, "C." robertsoni and "C." salvini, which were also the least diverse. "C." synspilum and A. spilurus had an intermediate distance between their diets and those of other species. The species with the most

  13. CARACTERIZACIÓN ESTRUCTURAL DEL MANGLAR EN EL ESTERO PALO VERDE, LAGUNA DE CUYUTLÁN, COLIMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Citlalli P. Téllez-García

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En el Estero Palo Verde, ubicado en el vaso IV de la Laguna de Cuyutlán, estado de Colima, se establecieron 48 unidades de muestreo (UM en tres rodales de mangle: 10 UM en rodal monoespecífico de Laguncularia racemosa, 25 UM en rodal monoespecífico de Rhizophora mangle y 13 UM en rodal mixto de L. racemosa-R. mangle. Se registró altura del dosel, diámetro del tronco, densidad de adultos y de repoblación, también se calculó área basal y volumen de madera. Los resultados indicaron que la densidad, área basal y volumen, para la categoría diamétrica (CD de 5 cm fueron significativamente diferentes (P < 0.05 entre los rodales monoespecíficos de R. mangle (2,500 árboles•ha-1, 4.2 m2•ha-1 y 22 m3•ha-1, respectivamente y L. racemosa (700 árboles•ha-1, 1.9 m2•ha-1 y 10 m3•ha-1, respectivamente. En las CD de 20 a 30 cm, el área basal fue significativamente mayor (P < 0.05 en el rodal monoespecífico de L. racemosa (1.6 - 3.8 m2•ha-1 que en el mixto de L. racemosa-R. mangle (0.5 - 2.5 m2•ha-1. La repoblación natural fue más abundante en el rodal de R. mangle (138 a 270 individuos•ha-1 que en el de L. racemosa (70 a 80 individuos•ha-1. Los valores estructurales mayores se alcanzaron para altura del dosel (10 m en el rodal de L. racemosa; para diámetro (40 cm y área basal (14.1 m2•ha-1 en el rodal de L. racemosa-R. mangle; y para repoblación natural (624 individuos•ha-1 en el rodal de R. mangle.

  14. Central Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    The beginning of spring in central Chile looked like this to SeaWiFS. The snow-covered Andes mark the country's eastern border, and phytoplankton blooms and river sediment plumes fill the waters off its west coast. A large eddy due west of Concepcion is highlighted by the phytoplankton it contains.

  15. Afrique Centrale

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PR BOKO

    (Afrique Centrale) : peuplement de protozoaires ciliés et macro invertébrés ... Le lac d'Obili est un écosystème aquatique situé en plein cœur de Yaoundé en ...... électrique des eaux est assez stable, autour de 200 ; ce qui suppose que la ...

  16. Limnology in El Dorado: some surprising aspects of the regulation of phytoplankton productive capacity in a high-altitude Andean lake (Laguna de Guatavita, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhon Donato

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available High-altitude mountain lakes remain understudied, mostly because of their relative inaccessibility. Laguna de Guatavita, a small, equatorial, high-altitude crater lake in the Eastern Range of the Colombian Andes, was once of high cultural importance to pre-Columban inhabitants, the original location of the legendary El Dorado. We investigated the factors regulating the primary production in Laguna de Guatavita (4°58’50” N - 73°46’43” W, alt. 2 935m.a.s.l., area: 0.11km², maximum depth: 30m, during a series of three intensive field campaigns, which were conducted over a year-long period in 2003-2004. In each, standard profiles of temperature, oxygen concentration and light intensity were determined on each of 16-18 consecutive days. Samples were collected and analysed for chlorophyll and for biologically-significant solutes in GF/F-filtered water (NH4+, NO3- , NO2-; soluble reactive phosphorus. Primary production was also determined, by oxygen generation, on each day of the campaign. Our results showed that the productive potential of the lake was typically modest (campaign averages of 45-90mg C/m².h but that many of the regulating factors were not those anticipated intuitively. The lake is demonstrably meromictic, reminiscent of karstic dolines in higher latitudes, its stratification being maintained by solute- concentration gradients. Light penetration is poor, attributable to the turbidity owing to fine calcite and other particulates in suspension. Net primary production in the mixolimnion of Laguna de Guavita is sensitive to day-to-day variations in solar irradiance at the surface. However, deficiencies in nutrient availability, especially nitrogen, also constrain the capacity of the lake to support a phytoplankton. We deduced that Laguna de Guatavita is something of a limnological enigma, atypical of the common anticipation of a “mountain lake”. While doubtlessly not unique, comparable descriptions of similar sites elsewhere

  17. Evaluación de la riqueza de especies de peces en las lagunas costeras mexicanas: estudio de un caso en el Golfo de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Aurelio Pérez-Hernández

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza la manera como se ha conformado el conocimiento de la ictiofauna del sistema estuarino-lagunar de Tuxpan-Tampamachoco, en el estado mexicano de Veracruz. Se elaboró un inventario de los peces conocidos hasta la fecha en dicho sistema (N= 179, a partir de listas previamente publicadas y de muestreos propios en las áreas someras de la laguna cubiertas por pastos marinos, que nos permitieron detectar 14 especies antes desconocidas en el área. Al comparar los distintos listados se observa una escasa similitud, la cual se atribuye a las diferencias en las estrategias de recolecta empleadas. Al menos con los datos actualmente disponibles, la riqueza íctica registrada en las lagunas costeras del Golfo de México no está relacionada con su área, como se ha sugerido, sino con el número de inventarios disponibles para cada laguna, pues éste involucra importantes diferencias en el esfuerzo de muestreo y en las estrategias de recolecta. Se recomienda un diseño de muestreo que contemple: a emplear la mayor variedad posible de artes de pesca, b recolectar en todos los tipos de microhábitat y, c preferir los muestreos cada dos o tres meses por dos o más años sobre los muestreos mensuales durante un sólo año.We analyze the origin of knowledge about fish species richness in the Tuxpan-Tampamachoco estuarine system, in Veracuz, México. A complete inventory of the fish species known to date for this system (N=179 was elaborated from published lists and from sampling seagrass meadows of Tampamachoco Lagoon, which yielded 14 previously unknown species. When compared, the different lists showed a low similarity that may reflect differences in sampling methods and collecting strategies. Current data suggest that fish species richness in Mexican coastal lagoons (Gulf of Mexico is not related with lagoon surface area, as has been suggested, but with number of inventorie. A sampling design for the assessment of fish species richness in estuarine

  18. Study and characterization of noble metal deposits on similar rusty surfaces to those of the reactor U-1 type BWR of nuclear power station of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flores S, V. H.

    2011-01-01

    In the present investigation work, were determined the parameters to simulate the conditions of internal oxidation reactor circulation pipes of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde in Veracruz. We used 304l stainless steel cylinders with two faces prepared with abrasive paper of No. 600, with the finality to obtain similar surface to the internal circulation piping nuclear reactor. Oxides was formed within an autoclave (Autoclave MEX-02 unit B), which is a device that simulates the working conditions of the nuclear reactor, but without radiation generated by the fission reaction within the reactor. The oxidation conditions were a temperature of 280 C and pressure of 8 MPa, similar conditions to the reactor operating in nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde in Veracruz, Mexico (BWR conditions), with an average conductivity of 4.58 ms / cm and 2352 ppb oxygen to simulate normal water chemistry NWC. Were obtained deposits of noble metal oxides formed on 304l stainless steel samples, in a 250 ml autoclave at a temperature range of 180 to 200 C. The elements that were used to deposit platinum-rhodium (Pt-Rh) with aqueous Na 2 Pt (OH) 6 and Na 3 Rh (NO 2 ) 6 , Silver (Ag) with an aqueous solution of AgNO 3 , zirconium (Zr) with aqueous Zr O (NO 3 ) and ZrO 2 , and zinc (Zn) in aqueous solution of Zn (NO 3 ) 2 under conditions of normal water chemistry. Also there was the oxidation of 304l stainless steel specimens in normal water chemistry with a solution of Zinc (Zn) (NWC + Zn). Oxidation of the specimens in water chemistry with a solution of zinc (Zn + NWC) was prepared in two ways: within the MEX-02 autoclave unit A in a solution of zinc and a flask at constant temperature in zinc solution. The oxides formed and deposits were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, elemental field analysis and X-ray diffraction. By other hand was evaluated the electrochemical behavior of the oxides formed on the surface of 304l stainless steel

  19. Fuel management inside the reactor. Report of generation of the nuclear bank for the fuel of the initial load of the Laguna Verde U-1 reactor with the FMS codes; Administracion de combustible dentro del reactor. Reporte de generacion del banco nuclear para el combustible de la carga inicial del reactor de Laguna Verde U-1 con los codigos del FMS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso V, G. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Torres A, C. [CFE, Veracruz (Mexico)

    1991-06-15

    In this work in a general way the form in that it was generated the database of the initial fuel load of the Laguna Verde Unit 1 reactor is described. The initial load is formed with fuel of the GE6 type. The obtained results during the formation of the database in as much as to the behavior of the different cell parameters regarding the one burnt of the fuel and the variation of vacuums in the coolant channel its are compared very favorably with those reported by the General Electric fuel supplier and reported in the design documents of the same one. (Author)

  20. Europa central

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karel BARTOSEK

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available La investigación francesa continúa interesándose por Europa Central. Desde luego, hay límites a este interés en el ambiente general de mi nueva patria: en la ignorancia, producto del largo desinterés de Francia por este espacio después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, y en el comportamiento y la reflexión de la clase política y de los medios de comunicación (una anécdota para ilustrar este ambiente: durante la preparación de nuestro coloquio «Refugiados e inmigrantes de Europa Central en el movimiento antifascista y la Resistencia en Francia, 1933-1945», celebrado en París en octubre de 1986, el problema de la definición fue planteado concreta y «prácticamente». ¡Y hubo entonces un historiador eminente, para quién Alemania no formaría parte de Europa Central!.

  1. Population fluctuations of Pyrodinium bahamense and Ceratium furca (Dinophyceae in Laguna Grande, Puerto Rico, and environmental variables associated during a three-year period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel P. Sastre

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Bioluminescent bays and lagoons are unique natural environments and popular tourist attractions. However, the bioluminescence in many of these water bodies has declined, principally due to anthropogenic activities. In the Caribbean, the bioluminescence in these bays and lagoons is mostly produced by the dinoflagellate Pyrodinium bahamense var. bahamense. Laguna Grande is one of the three year-round bioluminescent water bodies in Puerto Rico that are known to remain but P. bahamense var. bahamense density fluctuations have not been studied. In this study we describe water quality parameters and density fluctuations of the most common dinoflagellates in Laguna Grande, P. bahamense var. bahamense and Ceratium furca, over a three-year period. For this, three sampling stations were established in Laguna Grande from which water samples were collected in triplicate and analyzed for temperature, phosphates, nitrates, salinity, water transparency, fluorescence, and dinoflagellate densities, at the water surface and at 2m depth, from May 2003 to May 2006. The results showed a density fluctuation pattern for P. bahamense var. bahamense, where higher densities were observed mainly from April to September, and lower densities from October to February. Density fluctuations of C. furca were more erratic and a repetitive pattern was not observed. Densities of P. bahamense var. bahamense ranged from 0.48 to 90 978 cells/L and densities of C. furca ranged from 0 to 11 200 cells/L. The mean population density throughout the sampling period was significantly higher in P. bahamense var. bahamense (mean=18 958.5 cells/L than in C. furca (mean=2 601.9 cells/L. Population densities of P. bahamense var. bahamense were negatively correlated with C. furca densities during the first year of sampling; however, they were positively correlated during the third year. Non-significant differences between surface and 2m depth samples were observed for temperature

  2. Evaluando los conocimientos previos de los alumnos a través de pruebas objetivas: ¿opción múltiple o test de lagunas?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucha Cuadros, Rosa M.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available En los test utilizados para comprobar los conocimientos previos de los alumnos y conocer sus necesidades, se suele utilizar pruebas indirectas tipo opción múltiple. ¿Son este tipo de pruebas las más adecuadas para evaluar los conocimientos de los estudiantes? Para dilucidar esta cuestión, hemos analizado los resultados de dos tipos de pruebas indirectas evaluadas objetivamente: el test de opción múltiple y el test de lagunas. En la discusión de los resultados se analizan las implicaciones pedagógicas que la elección del tipo de prueba ofrece tanto para el profesor como para el alumno.

  3. Efectos antrópicos sobre las praderas sumergidas de carófitos en una laguna cárstica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sosnovsky, Alejandro

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Charophytes are submerged macrophyte algae often found in diverse aquatic habitats. Chara-dominated lakes are typically hard water, calcium-rich and low in phosphate. La Colgada is a 18 m deep, 103 ha small lake located in a tourist area, which has partly resulted in nutrient increases in recent years. Chara hispida var. major (Hartm. R.D. Wood and Chara hispida f. polyacantha (A. Braun R.D. Wood meadows are extensive in this ecosystem, but their distribution are influenced by human activities. Negligible densities of C. hispida, always covered by epiphytes, were recorded in the shores adjacent to tourist areas. Horizontal cover and biomass distributions were heterogeneous throughout the lake (0,95 ± 0,55 kg DW•m-2, with minimum values nearby the tourist area (0,68 ± 0,32 kg DW•m-2. Charophyte biomass was inversely related to depth in areas not influenced by anthropogenic impacts. However, that relationship did not occur in anthropized areas. The biomass range of Charophytes in La Colgada lake, 0,22-2,27 kg DW•m-2, was much higher than that recorded in other world lakes and wetlands.Los carófitos son algas macrófitas que viven sumergidas en aguas con características físico-químicas muy diferentes. La Colgada es una laguna de 103 ha y 18 m de profundidad máxima ubicada en una zona de gran afluencia turística (Parque Natural Las Lagunas de Ruidera, Albacete-Ciudad Real, en la que los nutrientes han ido aumentando durante las últimas décadas. Los fondos de esta laguna están cubiertos parcialmente por formaciones monoespecíficas de Chara hispida var. major (Hartm. R.D. Wood y Chara hispida f. polyacantha (A. Braun R.D. Wood, cuya distribución está siendo afectada por las actividades humanas. Las densidades más bajas de C. hispida, siempre cubierta por abundantes algas epífitas filamentosas, se registraron en los bordes próximos a la zona más urbanizada. La distribución horizontal y la biomasa seca de C

  4. Registros de zopilote rey (Sarcoramphus papa en el área de Laguna de Términos, Campeche, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mircea Hidalgo-Mihart

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Reportamos la presencia de dos individuos juveniles de zopilote rey, Sarcoramphus papa, en la Selva La Montaña localizada al suroeste del Área de Protección de Flora y Fauna Silvestre Laguna de Términos, Campeche, México. Realizamos el registro por medio de fotografías utilizando cámaras trampa. La presencia de esta especie protegida en el área evidencia la importancia que tiene la región de la Selva La Montaña para la conservación de la biodiversidad, especialmente para especies en peligro de extinción.

  5. Revision of documents guide to obtain the renovation of licence of the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, Units I and II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jarvio C, G.; Fernandez S, G.

    2008-01-01

    Unquestionably the renovation of license of the nuclear power plants , it this converting in a promising option to be able to gather in sure, reliable form and economic those requests about future energy in the countries with facilities of this type. This work it analyzes four documents guide and their application for the determination of the renovation of it licenses in nuclear plants that will serve of base for their aplication in the Nuclear Power Plant of Laguna Verde Units I and 2. The four documents in question are: the one Inform Generic of Learned Lessons on the Aging (NUREG - 1801), the Standard Revision Plan for the Renovation of License (NUREG - 1800), the Regulatory Guide for Renovation of License (GR-1.188), and the NEI 95-10, developed by the Institute of Nuclear Energy that is an Industrial Guide to Implement the Requirements of the 1OCFR Part 54-the Rule of Renovation of It licenses. (Author)

  6. Simulation of the steady state of the Laguna Verde Nuclear power station at full power (1931 MWt and 2027 Mwt) with the SCDAPSIM code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amador G, R.; Nunez C, A.; Mateos, E. del A.

    2001-01-01

    This document describes two models developed for the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station (LVNPP) using SCDAPSIM computer code. These models represent the LVNPP in normal operation with a nominal power of 1931 MWt and power uprate conditions of 2027 MWt. The steady states obtained by means of these models comply with the criteria established by the ANSI/ANS-3.5-1985 for nuclear power plant simulators. This criteria has been applied to the models of the LVNPP developed by CNSNS in want of some international accepted criteria for ''Best Estimation'' computer codes. These models will be the bases to carry out studies of validation of the own models as well as the analysis of diverse scenarios that evolve to a severe accident. (Author)

  7. Rapid uplift in Laguna del Maule volcanic field of the Andean Southern Volcanic Zone (Chile) measured by satellite radar interferometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feigl, K.; Ali, T.; Singer, B. S.; Pesicek, J. D.; Thurber, C. H.; Jicha, B. R.; Lara, L. E.; Hildreth, E. W.; Fierstein, J.; Williams-Jones, G.; Unsworth, M. J.; Keranen, K. M.

    2011-12-01

    The Laguna del Maule (LdM) volcanic field of the Andean Southern Volcanic Zone extends over 500 square kilometers and comprises more than 130 individual vents. As described by Hildreth et al. (2010), the history has been defined from sixty-eight Ar/Ar and K-Ar dates. Silicic eruptions have occurred throughout the past 3.7 Ma, including welded ignimbrite associated with caldera formation at 950 ka, small rhyolitic eruptions between 336 and 38 ka, and a culminating ring of 36 post-glacial rhyodacite and rhyolite coulees and domes that encircle the lake. Dating of five post-glacial flows implies that these silicic eruptions occurred within the last 25 kyr. Field relations indicate that initial eruptions comprised modest volumes of mafic rhyodacite magma that were followed by larger volumes of high silica rhyolite. The post-glacial flare-up of silicic magmatism from vents distributed around the lake, is unprecedented in the history of this volcanic field. Using satellite radar interferometry (InSAR), Fournier et al. (2010) measured uplift at a rate of more than 180 mm/year between 2007 and 2008 in a round pattern centered on the west side of LdM. More recent InSAR observations suggest that rapid uplift has continued from 2008 through early 2011. In contrast, Fournier et al. found no measurable deformation in an interferogram spanning 2003 through 2004. In this study, we model the deformation field using the General Inversion of Phase Technique (GIPhT), as described by Feigl and Thurber (2009). Two different models fit the data. The first model assumes a sill at ~5 km depth has been inflating at a rate of more than 20 million cubic meters per year since 2007. The second model assumes that the water level in the lake dropped at a rate of 20 m/yr from January 2007 through February 2010, thus reducing the load on an elastic simulation of the crust. The rate of intrusion inferred from InSAR is an order of magnitude higher than the average rate derived from well-dated arc

  8. Variación anual de la biomasa de Nymphoides fallax Ornduff (Menyanthaceae en la Laguna de Tecocomulco, Hidalgo, México

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    Agustin Quiroz-Flores

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Durante un ciclo anual se cuantificó la variación en la estratifi cación vertical de la biomasa deNymphoides fallaxy se analizaron las variables físicas y químicas del agua y sedimentos de la laguna de Tecocomulco, Hidalgo. La producción anual neta de N. fallax fue de 3 070.1 g PS m2. En el mes de junio la biomasa alcanzó su máximo (958.4 g PS m2 . La contribución de biomasa foliar de N. fallax a la proporción total de biomasa representa el 10%, la de peciolos alcanza el 40% y la contribución de biomasa subterránea equivale en ocasiones a más del 50%. El nivel de fósforo en los sedimentos se encuentra por arriba de la cantidad necesaria para sostener la producción vegetal (= 0.04%. Por los resultados obtenidos en este estudio, se puede señalar que en aquellas zonas ribereñas de la laguna en donde los agricultores han construido bordos, se propicia que durante la época de lluvias la columna de agua cambie bruscamente sus dimensiones pasando de 10 cm hasta alcanzar los 75 cm de profundidad y se eleven los niveles de fósforo en agua y sedimentos, lo que a su vez induce queNymphoides fallaxse vea estresada, y en un caso extremo, temporalmente sea sustituida por aquellas especies mejor adaptadas a las nuevas condiciones físicas y químicas del medio.

  9. Incidence of organochlorine pesticides and the health condition of nestling ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) at Laguna San Ignacio, a pristine area of Baja California Sur, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera-Rodríguez, Laura B; Rodríguez-Estrella, Ricardo

    2011-01-01

    We identified and quantified organochlorine (OC) pesticide residues in the plasma of 28 osprey (Pandion haliaetus) nestlings from a dense population in Laguna San Ignacio, a pristine area of Baja California Sur, Mexico, during the 2001 breeding season. Sixteen OC pesticides were identified and quantified. α-, β-, δ- and γ-hexachlorocyclohexane, heptaclor, heptachlor epoxide, endosulfan I and II, endosulfan-sulfate, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDD, aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, endrin aldehyde, and endrin ketone were the OCs found in the plasma of nestlings, ranging from 0.002 to 6.856 pg/μl (parts per billion). No differences were found in the concentration of pesticides between genders (P > 0.05). In our work, the concentrations detected in the plasma were lower than those reported to be a threat for the species and that affect the survival and reproduction of birds. The presence of OC pesticides in the remote Laguna San Ignacio osprey population is an indication of the ubiquitous nature of these contaminants. OCs are apparently able to travel long distances from their source to the study area. A significant relationship between hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentrations and OC concentrations were found suggesting that a potential effect on the health of chicks may exist in this osprey population caused by the OC, e.g. anemia. The total proteins were positively correlated with α-BHC, endosulfan I, and p,p'-DDD. It has been suggested that OC also affects competitive interactions and population status over the long term in vertebrate species, and our results could be used as reference information for comparison with other more exposed osprey populations.

  10. La problemática del VIH-SIDA entre los pobladores del casco urbano de Laguna de Perlas, RAAS, 2007 -2008.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lucía Chow Taleno

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación aborda las percepciones socioculturales de la población del casco urbano de la comunidad de Laguna de Perlas relacionadas a la problemática del VIH y el SIDA. La población está consciente que el SIDA no tiene cura; pero, tampoco existe confianza en las instancias estatales (Centro de Salud – Hospital de Bluefields para realizarse la prueba del VIH debido a la falta de confidencialidad según los entrevistados.Para mejorar resultados en la prevención de la epidemia se valora la ejecución de campañas educativas con la niñez, jóvenes y adultos. La cultura y la espiritualidad juegan un papel determinante en la prevención; no obstante, se debe desechar las creencias relacionadas a la percepción del castigo divino o el pecado porque induce a la exclusión social de los infectados por el SIDA.Algunas características asociadas a la infección se expresan en la inequidad de género, por ejemplo con la sumisión de la mujer, a quien se asocia en algunos casos con relación al uso de condón como sinónimo de infidelidad, desconfianza que sale a flote a lo interno de las parejas.Aunque los índices del SIDA en Laguna de Perlas son bajos según Acción Médica Cristiana (AMC, la población valora que no está preparada para enfrentar el avance de la pandemia, y reconocen que al constituirse el SIDA en un problema social, requiere la integración organizacional que asegure un circulo solidario en los portadores y aporte mayor confianza para hacerse la prueba para adquirir compromisos colectivos de responsabilidad.

  11. central t

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel R. Piña Monarrez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Dado que la Regresión Ridge (RR, es una estimación sesgada que parte de la solución de la regresión de Mínimos Cuadrados (MC, es vital establecer las condiciones para las que la distribución central t de Student que se utiliza en la prueba de hipótesis en MC, sea también aplicable a la regresión RR. La prueba de este importante resultado se presenta en este artículo.

  12. Central sleep apnea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sleep apnea - central; Obesity - central sleep apnea; Cheyne-Stokes - central sleep apnea; Heart failure - central sleep apnea ... Central sleep apnea results when the brain temporarily stops sending signals to the muscles that control breathing. The condition ...

  13. Central hypothyroidism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vishal Gupta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Central hypothyroidism is defined as hypothyroidism due to insufficient stimulation by thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH of an otherwise normal thyroid gland. It has an estimated prevalence of approximately 1 in 80,000 to 1 in 120,000. It can be secondary hypothyroidism (pituitary or tertiary hypothyroidism (hypothalamus in origin. In children, it is usually caused by craniopharyngiomas or previous cranial irradiation for brain tumors or hematological malignancies. In adults, it is usually due to pituitary macroadenomas, pituitary surgeries or post-irradiation. Fatigue and peripheral edema are the most specific clinical features. Diagnosis is established by the presence of normal to low-normal TSH on the background of low-normal thyroid hormones, confirmed by the thyrotropin releasing hormone stimulation test. Therapy includes use of levothyroxine titrated to improvement in symptomology and keeping free T4 in the upper limit of normal reference range.

  14. Aislamiento e identificaci?n de diez cepas bacterianas desnitrificantes a partir de un suelo agr?cola contaminado con abonos nitrogenados proveniente de una finca productora de cebolla en la Laguna de Tota, Boyac?, Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Ostos Ortiz, Olga Lucia; Benavides L?pez de Mesa, Joaqu?n; Quintero, Gladys

    2006-01-01

    Este articulo presenta los resultados de la versatilidad adaptativa y tolerancia de una consorcio bacteriano constituido por 10 cepas bacterianas end?micas de un suelo agr?cola contaminado, proveniente de una finca productora de cebolla ubicada en la laguna de Tota en Aquitania, Boyac?, Colombia, expuesto al uso incontrolado de fertilizantes nitrogenados. La consorcio bacteriano aislado del suelo est? conformado por: Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus licheniformis, Pseudomonas stutzeri, Acinetoba...

  15. Carotenogénesis de cinco cepas del alga Dunaliella sp. (Chlorophyceae aisladas de lagunas hipersalinas de Venezuela

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    Miguel Guevara

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Se realizaron cultivos discontinuos (medio Algal con 0.5 mM de NaNO3 y 27% de NaCl de cinco cepas de Dunaliella sp., aisladas de diferentes lagunas hipersalinas de Venezuela (Araya, Coche, Peonía, Cumaraguas y Boca Chica y una cepa de referencia (Dunaliella salina LB1644. Los bioensayos se mantuvieron a 25 ± 1 °C con aireación constante, fotoperiodo 12:12 y dos intensidades luminosas (195 y 390 µE.m-2.s-1 durante 30 días. El crecimiento celular se determinó diariamente mediante conteo celular en cámara de Neubaüer. La clorofila a y los carotenoides totales se analizaron al final del ensayo. Las mayores densidades celulares correspondieron a los ensayos de menor intensidad luminosa. La cepa que alcanzó la mayor densidad celular fue la aislada de Boca Chica (8 x10(6 y 2.5 x10(6 cel.ml-1 a 195 y 390 µE.m-2.s-1, respectivamente. El incremento de la intensidad luminosa en los cultivos produjo una disminución significativa de las tasas de crecimiento en todas las cepas. Los carotenoides totales por volumen fueron mayores a 390 µE.m-2 .s-1; siendo las cepas de referencia LB1644, Coche y Araya las que produjeron mayor cantidad (38.4; 32.8 y 21.0 µg.ml-1, respectivamente. El contenido de carotenoides totales por célula en los dos tratamientos fue significativamente diferente, obteniéndose la mayor concentración a 390 µE.m-2.s-1. Las cepas LB1644 y Coche fueron las que produjeron los valores más altos de carotenos (137.14 y 106.06 pg.cel-1, respectivamente. La cepa LB1644 presentó la mayor relación carotenoides totales:clorofila a (20:1 a 195 µE.m-2.s-1, mientras que en la cepa Coche no se evidenciaron diferencias significativas entre las dos intensidades (15:1. El resto de las cepas mostraron relaciones inferiores a uno. Nuestros resultados sugieren que las cepas Coche y Araya pueden ser potencialmente utilizadas en la biotecnología de producción de carotenoides.Carotenogenesis of five strains of the algae Dunaliella sp

  16. Notes on the Start-Up of the Latina Power Station; Notes concernant le demarrage de la centrale nucleaire de Latina; Zapusk ehlektrostantsii Latina; Notas sobre la puesta en marcha de la central electrica de Latina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calabria, G.; Gualtieri, G. [AGIP Nucleare, Milano (Italy)

    1963-10-15

    Information is given on the start-up of the first Italian nuclear power plant, the Latin Power Station, designed for an electrical output of 200 MW, incorporating a natural uranium-gas-graphite reactor. After a brief description of the main characteristics of the station, details are given on die performance of the final tests of the plant, on the fuel loading and on the sequence of commissioning operations, measurements and controls subsequent to the criticality attained. The operations for the start-up and connection of the station to the electrical network are treated. The organization problems relevant to the station operation including personnel preparation and qualification, safety measures, are also illustrated. (author) [French] Le memoire donne des renseignements sur le demarrage de la premiere centrale nucleaire italienne, la centrale de Latina, dont la puissance electrique est de 200 MW et qui fonctionne avec un reacteur du type uranium naturel-gaz-graphite. Apres une breve description des caracteristiques essentielles de la centrale, des explications detaillees sont donnees sur les resultats des derniers essais auxquels elle a ete soumise, sur le chargement du combustible et sur la serie des operations de mise en service, des mesures et des verifications auxquelles il a ete procede lorsque l'etat critique a ete atteint. Les operations de demarrage et de raccordement de la centrale au reseau electrique sont etudiees dans le memoire, ainsi que les problemes d'organisation que pose l 'exploitation de la centrale, notamment en ce qui concerne la formation du personnel et les mesures de securite. (author) [Spanish] Se comunican datos sobre la puesta en marcha de la primera central nucleoelectrica italiana, en Latina, proyectada para desarrollar una potencia de 200 MW (e), que se basa en un reactor de uranio natural moderado por grafito u refrigerado por gas. Despues de describir brevemente las caracteristicas de la central, se dan detalles sobre el

  17. Indice fisicoquímico de la calidad de agua para el manejo de lagunas tropicales de inundación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Gabriela Pérez-Castillo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Se creó un índice fisicoquímico de calidad del agua (ICA-L, para lagunas que se desbordan, el cual fue validado en el sector de riego de Tamarindo, y en una sección del sistema de lagunas del Parque Nacional Palo verde (Guanacaste, Costa Rica. El índice incluye las variables: porcentaje de saturación de oxígeno disuelto, pH, concentración de nitratos, concentración de fósforo total, demanda química de oxígeno, concentración de sólidos suspendidos, conductividad eléctrica y temperatura. El índice se fija automáticamente en cero si la concentración de alguna sustancia tóxica excede el máximo permitido. Los factores de ponderación se ajustaron con base en los pesos definidos en el Índice de Calidad de Agua de la National Sanitation Foundation (ICA-NSF, se excluyó el peso del conteo de coliformes fecales, se integró la ponderación de turbiedad y de sólidos totales una sola, de sólidos suspendidos, y se asignó a la conductividad un factor de 0.08. El índice per-mite evaluar la capacidad del agua de las lagunas tropicales de inundación de agua dulce, para lograr el sostenimiento de la biodiversidad y el desarrollo de la vida acuática, cuando surgen peligros por prácticas agropecuarias.Physicochemical water quality index, a management tool for tropical-flooding lagoons. We propose ICA-L, a wetland physicochemical water quality index (WWQI, to be used as a management tool for seasonal-flooding lagoons in Palo verde National Park, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. The goal is to preserve their natural role for native plants as well as migrants and local animal species. The index was developed in four steps: parameter selection, assignment of parameter weight, transformation of data to their corresponding sub indices and selection of an appropriate aggregation function. In this process, the following criteria were used as a reference: WQI from the National Sanitation Foundation, WQI for the Des Moines River, Escribano and De Frutos

  18. Valoración económica de los servicios ecosistémicos de una Laguna del sudeste bonaerense (Argentina

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    Agustina Iwan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available La valoración de servicios ecosistémicos es un tema ampliamente debatido y en constante producción. En Argentina existe poca evidencia empírica de aplicación de metodologías tendientes a dar valor econó- mico a los beneficios asociados a ecosistemas específicos. Este trabajo explica la situación ambiental de una laguna endorreica en el sudeste de la provincia de Buenos Aires y la valoración económica de algunos servicios ecosistémicos asociados a ella. La Laguna de Los Padres es un humedal de importancia local debido a los servicios ecosistémicos que proporciona y como espacio recreativo de valor simbólico sociocultural para la población. La modelización por su carácter sintético y capacidad explicativa, permitió caracterizar el sistema y la selección de cuatro servicios ecosistémicos (SE posibles de ser valorados física y crematísticamente considerando la disponibilidad de información. Los mimos son: el abastecimiento de agua, el secuestro de CO2 , el control de la erosión y el valor de existencia de la biodiversidad. La valoración económica casi siempre infra o subvalora el ambiente; no obstante, puede ser un instrumento político útil para la toma de decisiones de planificación y gestión ambiental en general porque lleva la discusión al terreno monetario. La sumatoria de los servicios ambientales permitió aproximar un Valor Económico Total (VET equivalente al 4,6% del presupuesto anual 2014 del Partido de Gral. Pueyrredón con una superficie de 1.453,44 km2 , y 619.000 habitantes (Instituto de Estadísticas y Censos [INDEC], 2010.

  19. Sesgos de género en la educación científico-tecnológica: el caso de la Universidad de La Laguna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García, Rosana

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article are presented the results of a study about the existence of gender biases in the scientific-technological education. In this study we expect to demonstrate with data the existence of gender stereotyped beliefs in university and high school teachers of science and technology. This way, we wants to point out if what certain scientific disciplines affirm about the cognitive capacities, abilities, attitudes and women’s behaviors are transmitted in the teaching of the science and the technology, and if the gender biases characteristic of these disciplines are thus perpetuated through the education of the new scientifics and technologist generations. This study has been made at the University of La Laguna and the highs schools of Tenerife, but we believe that its results could be generalized to other Spanish universities and high schools.En este artículo se presentan los resultados de un estudio sobre la existencia de sesgos de género en la educación científico-tecnológica. En él se pretende demostrar con datos la existencia de creencias estereotipadas acerca de los géneros en el profesorado de ciencia y tecnología de la universidad y de la enseñanza secundaria. De esta manera se quiere establecer si lo que afirman ciertas disciplinas científicas acerca de las capacidades cognitivas, destrezas actitudes y comportamientos de las mujeres se transmite en la enseñanza de la ciencia y la tecnología, y si se perpetúan así los sesgos de género presentes en estas disciplinas a través de la formación de las nuevas generaciones de científicos/as y tecnólogos/as. Este estudio se ha realizado en la Universidad de La Laguna y los institutos de enseñanza secundaria de Tenerife, pero creemos que los resultados obtenidos podrían ser generalizados a las universidades e institutos del resto de España.

  20. La formación en competencias de la biblioteca de la Universidad de La Laguna en el contexto de la cooperación universitaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández, Carmen Julia

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the experience of the Library of the University of La Laguna since 2006-2007, when it began to change its model of user training for a new one based on information competences, in line with the requirements of the new European Higher Education Area. It analyzes what this change has meant from the point of view of planning a new training program and the acquisition of new competences by the librarian staff in order to help users acquire information management skills, abilities and behaviours that can be applied in their academic, professional and personal lives. It also describes cooperation with other university libraries, in the framework of an agreement signed in 2010. The aim of this agreement is for our model to be shared for training new students and subsequently evaluating it through a comparison of results from the different universities. Finally, it deals with the collaboration between librarians and professors for including information competence training in course guides.

    Se recoge la experiencia de La Biblioteca de la Universidad de La Laguna desde el curso 2006-2007, en el que comienza a cambiar su modelo de formación de usuarios por otro basado en formación en competencias, en consonancia con los requisitos que el nuevo entorno educativo recogía. Se analiza lo que ha significado dicha transformación desde el punto de vista de la planificación de un nuevo programa formativo y la adquisición de nuevas competencias por parte de los bibliotecarios para ayudar a los usuarios a conseguir unas destrezas, habilidades y conductas transferibles a su vida académica y personal, y a su futuro laboral en relación con la gestión de información. También se aborda el significado de trabajar de forma cooperativa con otras bibliotecas universitarias, como resultado de la firma de un convenio en el año 2010 con el objetivo de compartir nuestro modelo de formación para alumnos de nuevo ingreso y evaluarlo

  1. El impacto de la desecación de la laguna de Lerma en la gastronomía lacustre de San Pedro Tultepec de Quiroga, Estado de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Carlos Viesca González

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es caracterizar la gastronomía lacustre en el Alto Lerma, prevaleciente antes y después de la desecación de la Laguna de Lerma, específicamente la de San Pedro Tultepec de Quiroga municipio de Lerma, en el Estado de México. Mediante la aplicación de la técnica etnográfica en la realización de la investigación de campo, se identificaron y localizaron a 30 personas adultas que aún entran a la laguna de Chimaliapan o Lerma, o que tienen conocimiento sobre los ingredientes lacustres y las preparaciones culinarias elaboradas con ellos. Además se realizaron visitas a los mercados locales e incursiones en la laguna y áreas aledañas con la guía de lugareños conocedores del entorno, con el fin de obtener información sobre estos productos. Se encontró que todavía se recolectan especies vegetales como nopales, hongos, papas de agua o apacloles y quelites, entre ellos berros o tiernitos y quintoniles. Asimismo, se aprovechan especies animales como patos, carpas, atepocates, ranas, acociles y ajolotes. Menos del 1% de la población estudiada aún elabora platillos basados en ingredientes extraídos de la laguna. Se preparan tamales de pescado, rana o carpa, acociles, hueva de carpa, carpas y patos de diversas maneras, chile relleno de támbulas y atepocates, y ranas empanizadas o fritas. Con base en lo anterior, se concluye, que a pesar de estar contaminada, todavía se extrae de la laguna de Chimaliapan una gran variedad de flora y fauna que se emplea para la alimentación, lo cual indica que estos recursos bióticos son una importante fuente para muchas familias, y que tienen un "buen potencial" de aprovechamiento.

  2. Development of a severe accident module of a nuclear power plant based in the MELCOR nuclear code and its incorporation to the room simulator; Desarrollo del modulo de accidentes severos de una central nucleoelectrica basado en el codigo nuclear MELCOR y su incorporacion al simulador de aula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cortes M, F.S.; Ramos P, J.C.; Nelson E, P.; Chavez M, C. [Facultad de Ingenieria, Division de Ingenieria Electrica, Grupo de Ingenieria Nuclear, UNAM, Ciudad Universitaria, Distrito Federal (Mexico)]. E-mail: samuelcortes@correo.unam.mx

    2004-07-01

    This work describes the development of the Severe Accidents Module (MAS) based on the Code MELCOR and its incorporation to the Simulator of Classroom of the Group of Nuclear Engineering of the Engineering Faculty (GrINFI) of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). The module of Severe Accidents has the purpose of counting with installed and operational capacity for the simulation of accident sequences with capacitation purposes, training, analysis and design. A shallow description of SimAula is presented, and the philosophy used to obtain the interactive version of MELCOR are discussed, as well as its implementation in the atmosphere of SimAula. Finally, after confirming the correct operation of the development of the tool, some possible topics are discussed for specific applications of the MAS. (Author)

  3. Diversidad de géneros de hongos del suelo en tres campos con diferente condición agrícola en La Laguna, México Diversity of soil fungi genera in three different condition agricultural fields in La Laguna, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Alfredo Samaniego-Gaxiola

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available En La Laguna, Coahuila-Durango, México (zona con una precipitación anual entre 80 a 250 mm se estudió la estructura de géneros de hongos del suelo en 3 campos de cultivo agrícola. Del suelo de Tierra Blanca, una huerta de nogal de 51 años, fueron aislados 23 géneros de hongos y de otros 2 suelos, una huerta de nogal de 14 años, nombrada El Chupón y un campo con cultivo de alfalfa, denominado San Jorge, se aislaron l2 géneros. Para cada género se calculó su valor índice de ímportancia (V I I. El género Fusarium tuvo el mayor V I I en los 3 suelos estudiados (71-98. La diversidad (calculada con el índice de Shannon de géneros fue diferente para cada suelo de acuerdo con intervalos de confianza (95%, con valores de 1.89, 1.72 y 1.19 para Tierra Blanca, El Chupón y San Jorge, respectivamente. Se calcularon índices ecológicos adicionales, como, Simpson, máxima riqueza (H' max y regularidad (J'. Los valores del índice de Simpson y de J' fueron similares en Tierra Blanca y San Jorge, pero sólo H' max fue similar entre El Chupón y San Jorge. El índice de similitud de Shøresen fue igual al comparar Tierra Blanca con El Chupón o Tierra Blanca con San Jorge (51.4, pero distinto entre el Chupón y San Jorge (58.3. El índice β para las combinaciones Tierra Blanca vs. San Jorge y Tierra Blanca vs. El Chupón fueron de 0.43, pero para San Jorge vs. El Chupón fue de 0.83. Los géneros de hongos del suelo que se encontraron en La Laguna coinciden en 67-75% con los encontrados en suelos desérticos de Israel, pero en La Laguna la estructura de los géneros de hongos es distinta; aquí domina Fusarium y aparecen nuevos géneros, como Trichoderma. Los cambios en la micobiota del suelo pueden haber ocurrido por la actividad agrícola en los últimos 50 años.This study was carried out in agricultural soils in La Laguna, Coahuila - Durango, Mexico (annual precipitation 80-250 mm. The structure of soil fungal genera of three field soil

  4. Analysis of the evolution of reactivity of the event at 24/01/1995 of the BWR U-1 of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ruiz E, J.A.; Blazquez M, J.

    2003-01-01

    In this work it is looked for, to calculate the reactivity starting from the measures of the one nuclear detection system denominated by their initials in English 'APRM' (Average Power Range Monitor) of the oscillatory event of the unit 1 of the nuclear power station of Laguna Verde happened the 24/01/1995. The reference signal consists of 3589 points taken every 0.2 seconds before the reactor operator carried out the cut of the same one. It is tried to give answer to queries like: When the event really began?, How distinguishing the stable part of the unstable? Which could be the way of predicting it?. The analysis is developed applying the call 'inverse method', with the purpose of interpreting the power response, having a mean of obtaining the information about the changes of reactivity that were given in the transitory one and to look their relationship with the actions taken by the operator. A comparison of the variation of the signal of reactivity with basic statistical variables with the purpose of trying of to find a mechanism for early detection of the instability is included. (Author)

  5. Quality studies of the energy in the electric net of the gathering warehouse of reusable parts and contaminate oils of the nuclear power plant Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tijerina S, F.; Vargas A, A.; Cardenas J, J.

    2012-10-01

    In the industry exist the high costs by faults of electronic and electric equipment s, due to during the design process, installation, tests and operation of these equipment s, is not had appropriate detection equipment to carry out quality studies of the energy. These studies give an important support to know that occurs in an electric net, the cause of the anomalous behavior of the equipment s and this way to avoid the expensive faults carrying out necessary engineering adaptations in an electric net. The elements of the electricity that are determined are the tension, current and frequency that are inside acceptable operational parameters that facilitate the operation and constant operation of the equipment s, free of interruptions and failures. The application of the quality studies of the energy is growing little by little in Mexico for the problems solution in the equipment s. This field is also developing new techniques and technologies integrated in the equipment s for its monitoring detection and protection. The present work offers the results of the first Quality Study of the Energy in the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde to solve the problem in the gathering warehouse of reusable parts and contaminate oils, in which the failure of the two radiation monitors of the gassy effluent of ventilation HVAC of the warehouse took place. (Author)

  6. COMPETENCIAS DIGITALES DEL PROFESORADO Y ALUMNADO EN EL DESARROLLO DE LA DOCENCIA VIRTUAL. EL CASO DE LA UNIVERSIDAD DE LA LAGUNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma Belén San Nicolás

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se ofrecen algunos resultados de un estudio empírico desarrollado en la Universidad de La Laguna (España con la finalidad de conocer los usos que el alumnado y el profesorado universitario hace de las TIC e indagar acerca de su influencia en los procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje virtual en la educación superior. Para el desarrollo de este estudio se crearon dos cuestionarios independientes en el que participaron un total de 1561 estudiantes y206 profesores. En el presente documento se aborda solo una parte de este estudio centrándose específicamente en la dimensión de uso de las TIC o competencia digital de profesores y estudiantes, donde se recoge información sobre actividades de búsqueda de información; desarrollo de procesos comunicacionales (consultar el correo electrónico, participar en foros, mensajería instantánea, usar redes sociales; elaboración de tareas (usar distintos paquetesofimáticos, manejar programas de retoque de en la web (editar páginas web personal, gestionar imágenes, utilizar programas de manipulación y dinamizar otras páginas web, escribir en blogs.

  7. Plasma Cholinesterase Activity in Female Green Turtles Chelonia mydas Nesting in Laguna de Terminos, Mexico Related to Organochlorine Pesticides in Their Eggs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivas-Hernández, Gerardo; May-Uc, Yaneli; Noreña-Barroso, Elsa; Cobos-Gasca, Víctor; Rodríguez-Fuentes, Gabriela

    2018-01-01

    The inhibition of cholinesterase (ChE) activity has been used as a biomarker of exposure to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides. ChE of nesting female green turtles (Chelonia mydas) were biochemically characterized using two substrates, acetylthiocholine iodide and butyrylthiocholine iodide, and three ChE inhibitors (eserine sulfate, BW284C51 and iso-OMPA). The results indicated that BChE is the predominant plasma ChE in female C. mydas, but with atypical properties that differ from those found in human BChE. Eggs from green turtles nesting at two sites in Laguna de Terminos contained µg g -1 (wet weight) quantities of organochlorine (OC) pesticides. Drins (aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, endrin ketone, endrin aldehyde) were found at the highest concentrations with no significant differences in the concentrations in eggs collected at the two sampling sites. A negative relationship was found between levels of OC pesticides in eggs and BChE activity in the plasma of female turtles laying the eggs. Since OC pesticides are not cholinesterase inhibitors, we hypothesized that this inverse relationship may be related to an antagonistic effect between OCs and organophosphate pesticides and mobilization of OCs from the fatty tissues of the female turtles into their eggs. However, further study is required to verify the hypothesis. It is also possible that other contaminants, such as petroleum hydrocarbons are responsible for the modulation of cholinesterase activity in female turtles.

  8. Impact on the bar value in hot by the introduction of advanced control bars in the Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde Nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Montes, J.L.; Perusquia, R.; Ortiz, J.J.; Hernandez, J.L.; Ramirez, J.R.

    2004-01-01

    In recent dates the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power station (CNLV) has acquired new designs of control bars, this new type of bars presents modifications important in their design. For what is important to analyze their performance inside those reactors of this nuclear power station. Presently work is shown the behavior of the nucleus of the reactor in hot condition (HFP) when three different types of control bar are used. The first of them corresponds the one that initially has been used in this power station and that we will call original. The second type of control bars, it corresponds to an advanced type and it is the first design different from the original and it corresponds to a bar design that it includes Hafnium (Hf) like one of their neutronic absorption characteristics. The third, denoted as 2AV, include besides the material of the second type new design characteristics, and it is the last finish bar type that it has been introduced in the operation of the reactors of the CNLV. With base in the studied cases is found that the bars 2AV have a total power value, 7.6 % bigger respect the bars 1AV; and in turn the bars 1AV, 6.1 % bigger with respect the ORG control bars. (Author)

  9. Range of the radiation monitor for the rigid vent of primary containment during normal and emergency operation for a BWR-5 in Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tijerina S, F.; Pozos S, A. M.; Cabrera U, S.; Mata A, J. A.; Sandoval V, S.; Ovando C, R.; Vargas A, A.; Gallardo R, I.; Cruz G, M.; Amador C, C.

    2014-10-01

    The earthquake followed by a tsunami, happened in March, 2011 in the coasts of oriental Japan, caused damages in the nuclear power plants 1 at 4 of Fukushima Daiichi leading to damage of the fuel in three of the reactors and to the radiation liberation to the exterior. As consequence of those events, the regulations requires that the power plants with Primary Containment type Mark I and II evaluate to have a system of rigid vent with a monitoring equipment of radiation effluents. The present work covers the rigid vent of diameter 12 of the Primary Containment, type Mark-II, of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde in conditions of severe accident and normal operation, low regime of Extended Power Up rate (EPU - 2317 MWt), using the codes MAAP3B, MICROSHILED 5.05 and the Bardach Black Boxes methodology. As a result the measurement range of the radiation monitor that is required for monitoring the gassy liberation to the atmosphere was determined. The conclusion is that the superior limit of the range of the radiation meter during a Severe Accident is of 8.55 E + 05 R/h (8.55 E + 08 m R/h) and the superior limit in normal operation of 1.412 E-11 at 2.540 E-7 R/h (1.412 E-14 at 2.540 E-10 m R/h). (Author)

  10. Simulations of the design basis accident at conditions of power increase and the o transient of MSIV at overpressure conditions of the Laguna Verde Power Station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Araiza M, E.; Nunez C, A.

    2001-01-01

    This document presents the analysis of the simulation of the loss of coolant accident at uprate power conditions, that is 2027 MWt (105% of the current rated power of 1931MWt). This power was reached allowing an increase in the turbine steam flow rate without changing the steam dome pressure value at its rated conditions (1020 psiaJ. There are also presented the results of the simulation of the main steam isolation va/ve transient at overpressure conditions 1065 psia and 1067 MWt), for Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station. Both simulations were performed with the best estimate computer code TRA C BF1. The results obtained in the loss of coolant accident show that the emergency core coolant systems can recover the water level in the core before fuel temperature increases excessively, and that the peak pressure reached in the drywell is always below its design pressure. Therefore it is concluded that the integrity of the containment is not challenged during a loss of coolant accident at uprate power conditions.The analysis of the main steam isolation valve transients at overpressure conditions, and the analysis of the particular cases of the failure of one to six safety relief valves to open, show that the vessel peak pressures are below the design pressure and have no significant effect on vessel integrity. (Author)

  11. Scenarios simulation of severe accident type small loss of coolant (Loca), with the code MELCOR version 2.1 for the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cardenas V, J.; Mugica R, C. A.; Godinez S, V.

    2013-10-01

    In this work was carried out the analysis of two scenarios of the accident type with loss of coolant in a recirculation loop for a break with smaller ares to 0.1 ft 2 (4.6 cm 2 ), which is classified according to their size like small Loca. The first simulated scenario was a small Loca without action of the emergency coolant injection systems, and the second was a small Loca with only the available system LPCS. This design base accident was taken into account for its relevance with regard to the damage to the core and the hydrogen generation. Was also observed and analyzed the response of the action of the ECCS that depend of the loss of coolant reason and this in turn depends of the size and type of the pipe break. The specified scenarios were simulated by means of the use of MELCOR model for the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde that has the Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias. (Author)

  12. Central Nervous System Vasculitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Vasculitis / Central Nervous System (CNS) Vasculitis Central Nervous System (CNS) Vasculitis Swap out your current Facebook Profile ... Facebook personal page. Replace with this image. Central nervous system (CNS) vasculitis is inflammation of blood vessel walls ...

  13. Comunidades de insectos acuáticos de charcos temporarios y lagunas en la ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina Aquatic insect communities of temporary pools and permanent ponds in Buenos Aires City (Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María S. Fontanarrosa

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio comparativo de la comunidad de insectos acuáticos presente en charcos temporarios de parques y plazas de la ciudad de Buenos Aires, y en lagunas permanentes de la Reserva Ecológica Costanera Sur, situada en la ribera del Río de la Plata. Se revisaron 3436 charcos y se visitaron, en 149 oportunidades, seis lagunas de la reserva. Para el conjunto de ambientes, se registraron 85 taxones pertenecientes a cinco órdenes de insectos. Los coleópteros fueron los más diversos (36 taxones, seguidos por los dípteros (27, heterópteros (17, odonatos (4 y efemerópteros (1. Se observaron altos valores de riqueza en los charcos temporarios (58 taxones y las lagunas sin vegetación flotante (64 taxones. La diversidad estimada de los charcos temporarios fue significativamente (pWe studied the community of aquatic insects inhabiting both temporary pools and permanent ponds occuring in Buenos Aires City. A total of 3436 rain pools were examined, and six permanent ponds at the "Reserva Ecológica Costanera Sur" in the Río de la Plata riverside were visited 149 times. A total of 85 taxa were recorded from both habitats, included in five orders of Insecta. The order Coleoptera showed the highest diversity values (36 taxa, followed by Diptera (27, Heteroptera (17, Odonata (4, and Ephemeroptera (1. High values of richness were observed in temporary pools (58 taxa and permanent ponds without floating vegetation (64 taxa. The diversity index for temporary ponds was significantly (p<0,05 lower than in permanent habitats.

  14. Fuel management inside the reactor. Report of generation of the nuclear bank for the fuel of the initial load of the Laguna Verde U-1 reactor with the FMS codes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alonso V, G.; Torres A, C.

    1991-06-01

    In this work in a general way the form in that it was generated the database of the initial fuel load of the Laguna Verde Unit 1 reactor is described. The initial load is formed with fuel of the GE6 type. The obtained results during the formation of the database in as much as to the behavior of the different cell parameters regarding the one burnt of the fuel and the variation of vacuums in the coolant channel its are compared very favorably with those reported by the General Electric fuel supplier and reported in the design documents of the same one. (Author)

  15. Limnología e ictiofauna de la laguna José María (Córdoba, Argentina, con especial referencia al pejerrey (Odontesthes bonariensis -Valenciennes, 1835-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mancini

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available La región sur de la provincia de Córdoba presenta numerosas lagunas cuyo origen y salinidad varían ampliamente. Muchos de estos ambientes son utilizados para la pesca recreativa del pejerrey (Odontesthes bonariensis. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue caracterizar la calidad del agua y determinar la diversidad del zooplancton y de la ictiofauna con especial referencia a O. bonariensis, de la laguna José María (34º50’17’’S, 63º37’23’’O. Este ambiente se ubica en la cuenca del río Quinto (Córdoba y está comunicado con numerosas lagunas. Se analizaron in situ (n=8, el pH, el oxígeno, la temperatura y transparencia del agua y se tomaron muestras de agua y zooplancton para su análisis en laboratorio. Para la captura de peces se utilizaron redes de enmalle, arrastre, trampa y espineles. La profundidad promedio fue de 1,99 m, con un máximo de 2,20 m. Los registros medios del pH, oxígeno disuelto, temperatura y transparencia fueron 8,51, 9,03 mg/L, 24,3 ºC y 44 cm respectivamente. Por su transparencia, la laguna fue caracterizada como “turbia”. El agua se clasificó como oligohalina (4,09 g/L, sulfatada-sódica y muy dura (484 ppm de CO3Ca. El zooplancton estuvo representado por 3 especies de crustáceos y 7 de rotíferos. Entre los primeros, Metacyclops mendocinus fue el que registró la mayor densidad (162,2 ind/L, mientras que entre los rotíferos fue Brachionus plicatilis con 482,7 ind/L. Se capturaron 12 especies de peces, pertenecientes a 5 órdenes y 9 familias (Shannon = 2,23 bits. El pejerrey fue la especie de mayor abundancia (50,8% y junto al sabalito Cyphocharax voga y la carpa Cyprinus carpio representaron el 85 % del total de biomasa de los peces capturados. Los parámetros poblacionales de O. bonariensis fueron: Peso= 0,0000047081*LEst3,178 (R2=0,99, n=116; longitud total= 5,854+LEst*1,168 (R2= 0,99, n= 117; LEst(t= 489,02 (1-e-0,225(t-0,46 y W(t= 1647,5 (1- e-0,225(t-0,463,177.

  16. A mathematical model; Un modelo matematico para el comportamiento de la radiosensibilidad medida con la viabilidad huevo-adulto de Drosophila melanogaster y D. simulans de Laguna Verde, Veracruz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillo M, J.A.; Pimentel P, A.E. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    This work presents the results to define the adult egg viability behavior (VHA) of two species, Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans obtained with the mathematical model proposed, as well as the respective curves. The data are the VHA result of both species coming from the vicinity of the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power plant (CNLV) comprise a 10 years collect period starting from 1987 until 1997. Each collect includes four series of data which are the VHA result obtained after treatment with 0, 4, 6 and 8 Gy of gamma rays. (Author)

  17. Analysis of the documents about the core envelopment of nuclear reactor at the Laguna Verde U-1 power plant; Analisis de documentos de los materiales de la envolvente del nucleo del reactor nuclear de la CLV U-1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zamora R, L.; Medina F, A. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    The degradation of internal components at BWR type reactors is an important subject to consider in the performance availability of the power plant. The Wuergassen nuclear reactor license was confiscated due to the presence of cracking in the core envelopment. In consequence it is necessary carrying out a detailed study with the purpose to avoid these problems in the future. This report presents a review and analysis of documents and technical information referring to the core envelopment of a BWR/5/6 and the Laguna Verde Unit 1 nuclear reactor in Mexico. In this document are presented design data, documents about fabrication processes, and manufacturing of core envelopment. (Author)

  18. Ultrasonic meters in the feedwater flow to recover thermal power in the reactor of nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde U1 and U2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tijerina S, F.

    2008-01-01

    The engineers in nuclear power plants BWRs and PWRs based on the development of the ultrasonic technology for the measurement of the mass, volumetric flow, density and temperature in fluids, have applied this technology in two primary targets approved by the NRC: the use for the recovery of thermal power in the reactor and/or to be able to realize an increase of thermal power licensed in a 2% (MUR) by 1OCFR50 Appendix K. The present article mentions the current problem in the measurement of the feedwater flow with Venturi meters, which affects that the thermal balance of reactor BWRs or PWRs this underestimated. One in broad strokes describes the application of the ultrasonic technology for the ultrasonic measurement in the flow of the feedwater system of the reactor and power to recover thermal power of the reactor. One is to the methodology developed in CFE for a calibration of the temperature transmitters of RTD's and the methodology for a calibration of the venturi flow transmitters using ultrasonic measurement. Are show the measurements in the feedwater of reactor of the temperature with RTD's and ultrasonic measurement, as well as the flow with the venturi and the ultrasonic measurement operating the reactor to the 100% of nominal thermal power, before and after the calibration of the temperature transmitters and flow. Finally, is a plan to be able to realize a recovery of thermal power of the reactor, showing as carrying out their estimations. As a result of the application of ultrasonic technology in the feedwater of reactor BWR-5 in Laguna Verde, in the Unit 1 cycle 13 it was recover an equivalent energy to a thermal power of 25 MWt in the reactor and an exit electrical power of 6 M We in the turbogenerator. Also in the Unit 2 cycle 10 it was recover an equivalent energy to a thermal power of 40 MWt in the reactor and an exit electrical power of 16 M We in the turbogenerator. (Author)

  19. Closure simulation of the MSIV of Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant using the Simulate 3K code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alegria A, A.

    2015-09-01

    In this paper the simulation of closure transient of all main steam isolation valves (MSIV) was performed with the Simulate-3K (S-3K) code for the Unit 1 of the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant (NPP-LV), which operates to thermal power of 2317 MWt, corresponding to the cycle 15 of operation. The set points for the performance of systems correspond to those set out in transient analysis: 3 seconds for the closure of all MSIV; the start of Scram when 121% of the neutron flux is reached, respect from baseline before the transient; the opening by peer of safety relief valves (SRV) in relief mode when the set point of the pressure is reached, the shoot of the feedwater flow seconds after the start of closing of the MSIV and the shoot of the recirculation water pumps when the pressure is reached in the dome of 1048 psig. The simulation time was of 57 seconds, with the top 50 to reach the steady state, from which the closure of all MSIV starts. In this paper the behavior of the pressure in the dome are analyzed, thermal power, neutron flux, the collapsed water level, the flow at the entrance of core, the steam flow coming out of vessel and the flow through of the SRV; the fuel temperature, the minimal critical power ratio, the readings in the instrumentation systems and reactivities. Instrumentation systems were implemented to analyze the neutron flux, these consist of 96 local power range monitors (LPRM) located in different radial and axial positions of the core and 4 channels of average power range monitors, which grouped at 24 LPRM each one. LPRM response to the change of neutron flux in the center of the core, at different axial positions is also shown. Finally, the results show that the safety limit MCPR is not exceeded. (Author)

  20. Magma injection into a long-lived reservoir to explain geodetically measured uplift: Application to the 2007-2014 unrest episode at Laguna del Maule volcanic field, Chile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Mével, Hélène; Gregg, Patricia M; Feigl, Kurt L

    2016-08-01

    Moving beyond the widely used kinematic models for the deformation sources, we present a new dynamic model to describe the process of injecting magma into an existing magma reservoir. To validate this model, we derive an analytical solution and compare its results to those calculated using the Finite Element Method. A Newtonian fluid characterized by its viscosity, density, and overpressure (relative to the lithostatic value) flows through a vertical conduit, intruding into a reservoir embedded in an elastic domain, leading to an increase in reservoir pressure and time-dependent surface deformation. We apply our injection model to Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) data from the ongoing unrest episode at Laguna del Maule (Chile) volcanic field that started in 2007. Using a grid search optimization, we minimize the misfit to the InSAR displacement data and vary the three parameters governing the analytical solution: the characteristic timescale τ P for magma propagation, the maximum injection pressure, and the inflection time when the acceleration switches from positive to negative. For a spheroid with semimajor axis a = 6200 m, semiminor axis c = 100 m, located at a depth of 4.5 km in a purely elastic half-space, the best fit to the InSAR displacement data occurs for τ P =9.5 years and an injection pressure rising up to 11.5 MPa for 2 years. The volume flow rate increased to 1.2 m 3 /s for 2 years and then decreased to 0.7 m 3 /s in 2014. In 7.3 years, at least 187 × 10 6 m 3 of magma was injected.

  1. Expanding Geophysical and Geochemical Investigation of Causes of Extraordinary Unrest at the Laguna del Maule (Rhyolitic) Volcanic Field, Southern Andes, Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singer, B. S.

    2014-12-01

    The Laguna del Maule Volcanic Field, Chile, includes an unusually large and recent concentration of silicic eruptions. Since 2007 the crust here has been inflating at an astonishing rate of 25 cm/yr. Findings thus far lead to the hypothesis that the silicic vents have tapped an extensive layer of crystal-poor, rhyolitic melt that began to form atop a magmatic mush zone that was established by ~20 ka with a renewed phase of rhyolite eruptions during the Holocene. Modeling of surface deformation, magnetotelluric data, and gravity changes suggest that magma is currently intruding at a depth of ~5 km. Swarms of volcano-tectonic and long period earthquakes, mostly of M San Juan-Argentina, Nanyang Technological University-Singapore, SERNAGEOMIN, OVDAS, USGS, and SEGEMAR-Argentina. Team members will be introduced in this presentation. Our approach includes augmenting the OVDAS array of 6 permanent seisic stations with 40 additional instruments to conduct tomographic, receiver function and ambient noise studies. We continue to collect 4-D gravity data from 37 stations. Surface deformation is monitored via cGPS at 5 permanent receivers and InSAR data. A magnetotelluric survey across the Andes at 36o S is planned. Geochemical studies include mineral zoning and U-Th disequilibrium of zircons to constrain the timing of magma intrusion and mixing events prior to the current unrest. The overall aim is to integrate these observations and to construct numerical models of system dynamics. We are developing communications protocols and a web site to facilitate sharing of findings among the team members and with the public.

  2. Evaluación del estado trófico de la Laguna de Ayarza utilizando el modelo de simulacion WASP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Eunice Rodas

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Los modelos de simulación de calidad de agua, son herramientas ambientales que permiten interpretar y predecir la respuesta de un cuerpo de agua a las cargas contaminantes externas. El programa de simulación de calidad de agua (WASP versión 7.41 se utilizó para simular y evaluar la relación entre los nutrientes externos y la calidad de agua, en la Laguna de Ayarza, Santa Rosa, Guatemala. El modelo toma en cuenta dos ciclos de nutrientes (N y P, por medio de variables de calidad de agua: temperatura, nitrato (NO 3 , amonio (NH 4 , nitrógeno total (TN,fosfato (PO 4 , fósforo total (TP, y oxígeno disuelto (OD. El modelo se construyó tomando en cuenta la morfología del lago y las condiciones climáticas. El lago se dividió en siete segmentos, tomando en cuenta los flujos y los parámetros fisicoquímicos para cada uno. Se determinó el coeficiente de dispersión del lago y se calibró utilizando los datos de octubre 2010 a febrero 2011. El post-procesamiento se realizó por medio del software GNUPLOT. Los resultados de la modelación muestran que los valores de fósforo en todo el lago, presentan niveles de eutrofización, los valores de nitrógeno presentan niveles oligotróficos e indican que el lago soporta carga contaminanterelativamente alta.

  3. DINÁMICA DE LA PRODUCCIÓN PRIMARIA FITOPLANCTÓNICA EN UN SISTEMA EUTRÓFICO TROPICAL: LAGUNA DEL PARQUE NORTE, MEDELLÍN, COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAMÍREZ-R JOHN J.

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre marzo de 1999 y enero de 2000 se llevaron a cabo muestreos quincenales enuna sola estación, la cual se situó en el sitio más profundo de la laguna del ParqueNorte. Todas las muestras de agua y de fitoplancton fueron recogidas a una solaprofundidad correspondiente al límite de la zona fótica. En este ecosistema parte dela biomasa no se respira, lo que implica que hay una producción neta disponiblepara los demás componentes de la cadena trófica y para ser reciclada dentro dellago; por ello, el lago funciona como una trampa de nutrientes con metabolismo detipo autotrófico, una reducida contribución alóctona, un nivel de entropía bajo, ylimitado más por el fósforo disponible que por la luz. Durante el tiempo de muestreola comunidad permaneció en el mismo estado sucesional, como es mostrado por ladominancia de B. braunii. El valor medio de la Productividad Primaria Bruta fue altocomparado con el de otros lagos colombianos. Las bajas concentraciones de CO2libre y los valores altos, alcalinos y poco variables de pH ocasionados por la demandade la fracción libre del carbono inorgánico disuelto corroboran esta condición. Laproductividad se asoció significativamente con la conductividad y con la razónclorofila a/fósforo total.