WorldWideScience

Sample records for center elizabeth city

  1. The Elizabeth Wisner Social Welfare Research Center for Families and Children at Tulane University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Katie Lauve; Buttell, Frederick

    2015-01-01

    The Elizabeth Wisner Social Welfare Center for Families and Children is a community-based research center within the School of Social Work at the Tulane University. The Wisner Center primarily supports research projects that examine the causes and consequences of intimate partner violence, promote the development of new frameworks for…

  2. Title: The Impact of 2006-2012 CReSIS Summer Research Programs that Influence Student's Choice of a STEM Related Major in College Authors: Dr. Darnell Johnson Djohnson@mail.ecsu.edu Elizabeth City State University, Elizabeth City, North Carolina 27909 Dr. Linda Hayden Haydenl@mindspring.com Elizabeth City State University, Elizabeth City, North Carolina, 27909

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, D.

    2013-12-01

    Abstract: Researchers, policymakers, business, and industry have indicated that the United States will experience a future shortage of professionals in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields. Several strategies have been suggested to address this impending shortage, one of which includes increasing the representation of females and minorities in the STEM fields. In order to increase the representation of underrepresented students in the STEM fields, it is important to understand the motivational factors that impact underrepresented students' interest in STEM academics and extracurricular programs. Research indicates that greater confidence leads to greater interest and vice versa (Denissen et al., 2007). In this paper, the mathematics research team examined the role of practical research experience during the summer for talented minority secondary students studying in STEM fields. An undergraduate research mathematics team focused on the link between summer research and the choice of an undergraduate discipline. A Chi Square Statistical Test was used to examine Likert Scale results on the attitude of students participating in the 2006-2012 Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS) Summer Research Programs for secondary students. This research was performed at Elizabeth City State University located in northeastern North Carolina about the factors that impact underrepresented students' choices of STEM related majors in college. Results can be used to inform and guide educators, administrators, and policy makers in developing programs and policy that support and encourage the STEM development of underrepresented students. Index Terms: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM), Underrepresented students

  3. Elizabeth II uus kunstigalerii

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Tähistamaks oma troonile asumise 50. aastapäeva, avab Elizabeth II 6. II 2002 Buckinghami palees uue kunstigalerii, mis ehitatakse palee tiibhoonena. Arhitekt John Simpson. Elizabeth II kunstikogust

  4. The Albuquerque City Center Schools. Program Evaluation, 1984-85.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johns, Jennifer S.; Panofsky, Carolyn

    The Albuquerque City Center Schools (ACCS) project, begun in 1983, was designed to increase the effectiveness of 12 schools in the Albuquerque High School cluster by creating a climate of high expectations, improving academic achievement, encouraging a climate of positive discipline, promoting student, community and private sector participation,…

  5. Elizabeth II / Fagira D. Morti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fagira D. Morti, pseud., 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Järjejutt Elizabeth II elust. Järgneb nr. 80, lk. 30-33, nr. 81, lk. 30-32, nr. 82, lk. 34-36, nr. 83, lk. 34-37, nr. 84, lk. 42-45, nr. 85, lk. 36-38, 86, lk. 44-47, nr. 87, lk. 32-35. Nr. 86 ja 87 autor: Helene Wait

  6. Liquefaction severity map for Aksaray city center (Central Anatolia, Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Yalcin

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Turkey having a long history of large earthquakes have been subjected to progressive adjacent earthquakes. Starting in 1939, the North Anatolian Fault Zone (NAFZ produced a sequence of major earthquakes, of which the Mw 7.4 earthquake that struck western Turkey on 17 August 1999. Following the Erzincan earthquake in 1992, the soil liquefaction has been crucial important in the agenda of Turkey. Soil liquefaction was also observed widely during the Marmara and the Düzce Earthquake in 1999 (Sönmez, 2003. Aksaray city center locates in the central part of Turkey and the Tuzgolu Fault Zone passes through near the city center. The fault zone has been generated to moderate magnitude earthquakes. The geology of the Aksaray province basin contains Quaternary alluvial deposits formed by gravel, sand, silt, and clay layers in different thickness. The Tuzgolu Fault Zone (TFZ came into being after the sedimetation of alluvial deposits. Thus, the fault is younger from lithological units and it is active. In addition, the ground water level is very shallow, within approximately 3 m from the surface. In this study, the liquefaction potential of the Aksaray province is investigated by recent procedure suggested by Sonmez and Gokceoglu (2005. For this purpose, the liquefaction susceptibility map of the Aksaray city center for liquefaction is presented. In the analysis, the input parameters such as the depth of the upper and lower boundaries of soil layer, SPT-N values, fine content, clay content and the liquid limit were used for all layers within 20 m from the surface. As a result, the category of very high susceptibility liquefaction class was not observed for the earthquake scenario of Ms=5.2, 4.9% of the study area has high liquefaction susceptibility. The percentage of the moderately, low, and very low liquefied areas are 28.2%, 30.2%, and 36.3%, respectively. The rank of non-liquefied susceptibility area is less than 1%.

  7. [Third World cities: points of accumulation, centers of distribution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, W R; Mcgee, T G

    1985-01-01

    that it becomes more and more difficult for the consumption needs of regional cities and rural areas to be satisfied except through manufactured products from the capitalist sector of the principal city or through imports from industrial countries. Despite the fact that some Third World cities will be enormous by the year 2000 and that their social structures and labor forces will not closely resemble those of European cities, the thesis of "pseudourbanization" appears invalid for several reasons: the model of sectorial changes in the European labor force was not followed by the industrializing countries of North America; some Third World countries (excluding India and China) appear able to absorb most of their surplus rural population into the modern sector, and Third World cities appear less and less to be merely centers of culture. New research during the 1970s on Third World urbanization contributed several crucial elements to the analysis: recognition that insertion of developing countries into the international economic order has been a major influence on their urbanization patterns, appreciation of the role of migration in urbanization, realization of the potential role of the state in mitigating spatial and structural inequalities created by the urbanization process, and recognition of the need for more detailed microeconomic studies and construction of more elaborate models of Third World economies. PMID:12267619

  8. 75 FR 47212 - Special Local Regulation for Marine Events; Elizabeth River, Portsmouth, VA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-05

    ... is establishing a special local regulation during the USCG City of Portsmouth Celebration Rowing Regatta on the Elizabeth River. The event consists of a series of crew rowing races to be held on the... series of crew rowing races titled the ``USCG City of Portsmouth Celebration Rowing Regatta.'' The...

  9. Intelligence of Elizabeth in Pride and Prejudice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to give a character analysis about the heroine:Elizabeth in Jane Austen ’s novel Pride and Prejudice. In the novel, there are many references to the unusual character of Elizabeth Bennet. Independent, lovely ,bravery, and she give a profound effect in 18th century English feminist literature.Here we will analysis the intelligent of Elizabeth.

  10. Research on Elizabeth I from Feminism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方卉

    2013-01-01

      Elizabeth I, a fascinating, complex woman with immense political, social, and religious power, ruled England from 1558 to 1603.She is the initiative which stimulates the women to defeat old principles and develop themselves .Therefore, it is meaning⁃ful for feminist to analysis on what factors and reflections in the government of Elizabeth I.

  11. Cities are at the center of our environmental future

    OpenAIRE

    Saskia Sassen

    2010-01-01

    The global environmental challenge becomes tangible and urgent in cities. Thus, it is critical that we understand the capabilities of cities to transform what is today a negative environmental impact to a positive one. We must make cities part of the solution. One point of entry to this question is to view cities as a type of socio-ecological system that has an expanding range of articulations with nature's ecologies. Today, most of these articulations produce environmental damage. How can we...

  12. Competitive service centers location in the cities with aim to reduce traffic (Case study: Health centers location in the city if Isfahan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Moradi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract   Distribution of goods and services in cities is of utmost importance. Selecting appropriate venues for different service centers in a city not only enables the citizens to access these services much more easily, but also reduces the traffic load caused by trips made to reach them. Unfortunately, the lack of a correct urban planning has led to inappropriate formation of many cities around the world in terms of the locations assumed for different service centers. Since the private sector has been given the responsibility to construct most of these centers, changing their current locations may be restricted due to legal obligations. Therefore, it seems necessary for the government to construct new service centers with high competitive facilities to attract customers and to compete with those built by the private sector. In this paper, the selection of appropriate locations to construct new service centers has been studied. Such locations have been selected in a way to fulfill goals such as rapid and easy accessibility for the customers and reduction of traffic drawbacks caused by the related trips. In this regard, a model for service centers with restricted capacity has been designed and a parallel simulated annealing algorithm has been proposed to solve it. Finally, the proposed algorithm has been utilized to locate the health centers around the city of Isfahan and its efficiency has been investigated. The findings highlight the accuracy and speed of the proposed algorithm in location of the health centers of Isfahan.

  13. City of consumption/city as goods the morphology of the city as a center of consumption and as an object of consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Batarilo Svetlana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the problem of changes in the morphology of the city as a result of the influence of certain aspects of the phenomenon of consumerism. The focus of the analysis is a modern city in a cultural context that is understood as a consumer society. Morphological changes of the city are concerning the consequences of building of large consumption structures that are becoming new centers in the urban fabric, and also the changes that occur in the scenography of the city as a space for advertising. The first part of the paper describes the city as the context of the predominance of the symbolic value over usefulness of the goods, where city itself becomes a commodity that provides profit - the city as a center of consumption becomes the object of consumption. Special attention is directed to the inevitability of shopping as the most dominant consumption activity in creating urbanity, and to its informal nature and tendency to ocupy every available space. The second part describes the changes in the morphology of the city. The conclusion emphasizes the importance of the analyzed problem with regard to the scale of the changes that affect the city under the influence of consumption/shopping, as well as the possibility and the need for action in the direction of its controlled development in the city.

  14. Elizabeth Morton National Wildlife Refuge Information Book

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This booklet provides a biological overview of the Elizabeth Morton National Wildlife Refuge in 1969. It also presents the refuge objectives and recreational...

  15. ANALYSIS OF FACTORS IMPACTING LAND USE IN TRANSFORMING ISTANBUL HISTORICAL CITY CENTER

    OpenAIRE

    Ismail Hakan KOLCU; Dokmeci, Vedia

    2015-01-01

    Istanbul historical city center is going through a provincial transformation by quick population increase, multicentered city development, developing tourism and trade feature pressures as well as selection of location for housing. Provincial transformation is briefly described as; an action plan integrating with the city and urban people, prepared to increase life quality based on strategic development plan and within the provincial development vision for the nonfunctional, old a...

  16. Cities are at the center of our environmental future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saskia Sassen

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The global environmental challenge becomes tangible and urgent in cities. Thus, it is critical that we understand the capabilities of cities to transform what is today a negative environmental impact to a positive one. We must make cities part of the solution. One point of entry to this question is to view cities as a type of socio-ecological system that has an expanding range of articulations with nature's ecologies. Today, most of these articulations produce environmental damage. How can we begin to use these articulations to produce positive outcomes - outcomes that allow cities to contribute to environmental sustainability? The complex systemic and multi-scalar capacities of cities provide massive potential for a broad range of positive articulations with nature's ecologies.El desafío ambiental global se hace tangible y urgente en las ciudades. Por ende, es necesario que comprendamos cuáles son las potencialidades de las ciudades para transformar lo que hoy es un impacto ambiental negativo en uno positivo. En este sentido, la ciudad debe ser considerada como parte de la solución. Una ventana para mirar este asunto es la que considera a las ciudades como sistemas socio-ecológicos con un abanico de articulaciones con los sistemas ecológicos naturales. Hoy en día, la mayoría de estas articulaciones produce daños. ¿Cómo podemos empezar a utilizarlas para producir impactos positivos, que permitan una contribución de las ciudades a la sostenibilidad ambiental? Las potencialidades de carácter complejo y multi-escalar de las ciudades representan un potencial de gran relevancia para explorar un amplio rango de articulaciones positivas con las dinámicas ecológicas naturales.

  17. Zooroom City: An "Action" Centered Museum in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, John D.; Peltz, Stephen

    The University of Northern Colorado allowed the Department of Science Education to convert a room into a classroom museum called the Zooroom City. The classroom contains 85 stuffed or injected animals and 30 live animals. The room is used eight hours a day, six hours for college methods classes and two hours for elementary students. Questionnaire…

  18. Obituary: Elizabeth Katherine Holmes, 1973-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beichman, Charles Arnold

    2004-12-01

    Elizabeth (Beth) K. Holmes died suddenly in Pasadena on March 23, 2004, from the unexpected effects of a long-standing heart condition. She was 30 years old. At the moment of her passing, she was at her computer comparing her theoretical models on the effects of planets on the distribution of zodiacal dust with some of the first observations from the Spitzer Space Telescope. Born on June 24, 1973, in New York City, Beth was the only child of James and Barbara Holmes, who were respectively, a financial manager and a nurse and social worker. Undeterred by numerous treatments and operations to correct a congenital heart condition, Beth developed an interest in math and physics leading to her graduation from MIT in 1995 with a bachelor's degree in Physics. She entered the University of Florida shortly afterwards to begin her PhD studies under the direction of Stanley Dermott. Beth was particularly interested in the dynamics of interplanetary dust, and initially worked on secular perturbations of the zodiacal cloud: how the planets impose warping of the cloud, and how they can force the center of the cloud to be offset from the Sun. Despite the fact that Beth was primarily a theorist, she was keen to include some observing experience in her PhD education. She recently completed an observing program with Harold Butner at the Steward and Palomar Observatories looking for submillimeter and mid-infrared emission around nearby main-sequence stars - a signpost of planetary formation. The results were published last year in the Astronomical Journal. Beth's PhD thesis work, some results of which were recently published in the Astrophysical Journal, focused on dust originating in the Kuiper belt and how some of this dust is expected to be spatially structured due to resonant interactions with Neptune. This phenomenon may be quite common in other planetary systems, with recent images of Epsilon Eridani perhaps providing a prime example of a Kuiper disk analog. After graduating

  19. City Center for Social Work Belgrade and assistance for victims of crime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolić Jasmina

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper contains review of a work of the City Center for Social Work in Belgrade and its importance for victims of crime. Article presents Center’s organization of work, referral system and the way of functioning, with particular emphasis on counseling and therapeutic work of the Counseling Center for marriage and family.

  20. Factors Affecting Call Center as a Job Preference among Employees in Davao City

    OpenAIRE

    Castro, Alyssa Mae; Deluna, Roperto Jr

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the factors that influence employees in Davao City to work in call centers. The objective of the study is to determine the socio-economic and demographic profile of employees working in the call center sector andidentify the factors that affect the job preferences among employees. Employees of the call center sector composed the population of this study and other occupations such as engineers, human resources personnel, and teachers were included for comp...

  1. City of Alexandria honors Washington Alexandria Architecture Center Director Jaan Holt with CIVIC Award

    OpenAIRE

    Micale, Barbara L.

    2010-01-01

    Jaan Holt, professor and director of the Virginia Tech Washington Alexandria Architecture Center was awarded a 2010 Park and Recreation CIVIC Award from the City of Alexandria in recognition of his 30 years of exemplary service in design education, public outreach, and professional work in addition to instilling the core value of community service to alumni of the city's only academy of architecture and design.

  2. Determination of natural radioactivity levels in Kars- city center, Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    B., CENGİZ G.; REŞİTOĞLU,; De, S.

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to determine the distribution of natural radionuclides in surface soils in the Karscity center, Turkey. The activity concentrations of 238U, 232 Th, 40 K and 137Cs in 38 soil samples collected from the study area were measured through NaI(Tl) gamma spectrometry. The average activities of the samples were determined to be 47.8, 31.2 and 536 Bqkg-1 for the natural radionuclides 226Ra (238U), 232Th, 40K, respectively, and 18 Bqkg-1 for the fission product 137Cs. ...

  3. Physics in Berlin I: The Historical City Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, Dieter

    Hans-Jürgen Treder has written that, “During the nearly 60 years that spanned the call of Hermann Helmholtz to become professor of physics in the Berlin University ... in 1871, and Erwin Schrödinger’s call to the chair of theoretical physics [in 1927] ..., the general history of physics was closely connected to the history of physics in Berlin.”1 Besides Helmholtz and Schrödinger, the list of famous physicists who worked in Berlin during those six decades includes Albert Einstein, Max Planck, Max von Laue, Walther Nernst, Gustav Hertz, James Franck, and Lise Meitner, to name but some of them.2 But the heyday of physics in Berlin arose neither by chance nor out of the blue: It resulted from a long historical process that began with the foundation of the Brandenburg Academy of Science in 1700 by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz; the present Academy of Science in Berlin is the direct descendent of that society. With the founding of the Academy in the capital of Prussia, science established itself in Berlin as a constituent part of its social life. It was predominantly in the context of mathematical research and the fields of mechanics and astronomy that physics was practiced at first. The names of such renowned scientists as Leonhard Euler, Joseph Louis Lagrange, Johann Heinrich Lambert, and Franz Ulrich Theodosius Aepinus bear witness to the remarkably high level that mathematical and physical research had reached in Berlin as early as the 18th century. There was no other city in Germany at that time where there was such a large and extraordinary community of mathematicians, physicists, and chemists teaching and carrying out research. You will find a reminder of this early period in the history of physics in Berlin at Behrenstrasse 21 (a street parallel to the western part of Unter den Linden), where Leonhard Euler lived during his Berlin period from 1743 to 1766. Of course, this is not Euler’s original house, since large parts of Berlin were totally destroyed by

  4. Differential Staffing Patterns with Job Analyses and Operational Procedures for Salt Lake City School District Media Centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodkin, Katherine Story

    Duties of the staff of media centers in the Salt Lake City School District and an analysis of task performances by position are listed. Positions included are: (1) head of the school media center/school media specialist, (2) school media center technician, (3) school media center aide, and (4) student aides. Twenty general district operational…

  5. The rehabilitation of housings in traditional centers of intermediate cities of Sancti Spiritus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Camilo Valdivia Cruz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The intermediate cities play an intermediation role between the big urban areas and the wide rural areas; of those that are influence center. Their potentiating can take to more balanced and more sustainable territorial developments; for reasons of their own scale to develop viable projects regarding the big cities. However they should solve many derived problems of their inattention in aspects like: the strategic planning, the physical and urbanistic planning and the solution of the difficulties of the housing and the habitat. In Sancti Spiritus the traditional centers of the cities of medium scale, present a high physical deterioration of their residence bottom at the moment; process that has been increased progressively with the step of the years. The loss of constructions, of values, of lodging capacity, of the local potentialities and the lack of programs toward those cities attempts against the physical preservation of those urban centers. To order a politic toward the recovery of their values of identity and their lodging capacities with integrality approaches, progressivity and sustainability is framed as possible solutions to the problem that present those places, inside the priorities of the constructive programs of the country.

  6. USAGE OF DIGITAL LOYALTY PROGRAMS IN THE CITY CENTER AREA IN JYVÄSKYLÄ

    OpenAIRE

    Liukkonen, Niko

    2012-01-01

    This research is conducted for Arena Interactive Ltd, which is a leading vendor of mobile solutions for the media industry in Scandinavia. The goal of this research is to gain information about the usage of digital loyalty programs in the city center area of Jyväskylä and help Arena Interactive Ltd. in their strategic planning. The research is conducted by utilizing both quantitative and qualitative methods – triangulation. The primary data for this research was collected by conducting a ...

  7. Alcohol, drugs, and urban violence in a small city trauma center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buss, T F; Abdu, R; Walker, J R

    1995-01-01

    Substance abuse and urban trauma go hand in hand. But research focuses on large cities served by major academic medical centers. Do small cities face the same problems? Two hundred thirty-three urban trauma inpatients from a metro area of 250,000 were studied using patient interviews and medical records. As in large cities, one half used alcohol or drugs when attacked. Seventy percent were likely to be young, male, poor African-Americans. Only 3% were gang members, but demographic characteristics failed to explain substance abuse as they have for larger cities. A culture of violence pervades the small city, as it does in large urban ghettos. Two fifths were repeat urban trauma victims. Two fifths witnessed assaults in the past year. One third carried a knife or gun. Fifteen percent used a weapon on another person in the last year. Contextual variables, like being hurt in a bar, were related to drinking and drugs. The best predictor of present substance abuse and urban trauma was medical history of substance abuse. The need for (a) toxicology screens for all trauma victims, (b) referrals to substance abuse programs, (c) targeting at-risk populations for prevention, and (d) eliminating environments fostering violence and substance abuse is supported. PMID:7623393

  8. Alcohol, drugs, and urban violence in a small city trauma center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buss, T F; Abdu, R; Walker, J R

    1995-01-01

    Substance abuse and urban trauma go hand in hand. But research focuses on large cities served by major academic medical centers. Do small cities face the same problems? Two hundred thirty-three urban trauma inpatients from a metro area of 250,000 were studied using patient interviews and medical records. As in large cities, one half used alcohol or drugs when attacked. Seventy percent were likely to be young, male, poor African-Americans. Only 3% were gang members, but demographic characteristics failed to explain substance abuse as they have for larger cities. A culture of violence pervades the small city, as it does in large urban ghettos. Two fifths were repeat urban trauma victims. Two fifths witnessed assaults in the past year. One third carried a knife or gun. Fifteen percent used a weapon on another person in the last year. Contextual variables, like being hurt in a bar, were related to drinking and drugs. The best predictor of present substance abuse and urban trauma was medical history of substance abuse. The need for (a) toxicology screens for all trauma victims, (b) referrals to substance abuse programs, (c) targeting at-risk populations for prevention, and (d) eliminating environments fostering violence and substance abuse is supported.

  9. City-ecological perspectives of the development of high urbanized multifunctional centers of the largest Russian cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolesnikov Sergey Anatol’evich

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents some results of the author’s dissertation research dedicated to formation of an architectural typology of high urbanized multifunctional units of urban structure of the largest cities (further HUMUUS as centers of social activity, which include buildings, constructions, transportation equipment and open spaces, where human flows transpose, start and end with the purpose of bringing into this space a concentrated maximum of goods, services and information with minimum time expenditures. This article draws attention to the development analysis of the structure-forming functions of HUMUUS and their town planning and environmental impact on the surrounding area. The study of planning structures of the largest Russian cities (Samara, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod made it possible to identify a number of main objects, in which structure-forming functions of HUMUUS are materialized: railroad complex (historically formed, developed, dominated, system-wide road junction, transport interchange hub (providing intraurban messages, public office and business centers, leisure and entertainment centers, shopping centers. Basing on researches of Russian and foreign experience, it is possible to predict with full confidence the following trends and streams of environmental and urban development of HUMUUS in the near-term perspective: Strengthening of the environmental and urban frame by network evolution of HUMUUS; Inclusion of green areas of HUMUUS in the system of citywide green areas; Increment of the interest of the investors to the public road junction for the purpose of reorganization of them to full HUMUUS with all characteristics of high-urbanized and environmental and urban reorganization (separation of traffic and pedestrian flows, maximum capacity, multiple-level system, multifunctional, increase in landscaped green space, reconstruction of engineering systems and communications, the use of modern ecological building designs and

  10. Pedestrian Planning in City Centers: a Study of Guimarães and Braga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan Rubayet Rahaman

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available People are walking in cities for different reasons. Some walkers walk for going to work, some are walking for shopping and some are for leisure during day and night hours. Medium sized cities like Braga and Guimarães in Portugal are depending on car for even shorter trips up to 2 kilometers. However, the walkways are allowing people to walk in convenient and safe way including late night environment. The pedestrians feel troublesome to walk on the footpaths because of illegal parking and discontinuation of walkways. Municipality transport plans and master plans do not incorporate pedestrians as a major component. But this egress mode of transportation is very important in medium sized city centers like Guimarães and Braga for the people to enjoy city centers’ activities. This paper focuses on the types of walkers who use the walkways on a regular basis. Usually, people are feeling comfortable to walk when they go to clubs and bars in a group in these small cities especially after work. This paper again tries to focus the varieties of problems on walkways and to present policies that can improve the situation. Municipal master plan and transportation plan have been studied carefully to see the provisions of pedestrian planning options. Field surveys have been conducted both in form of questionnaire and observation during the end of 2009 and results show different patterns of pedestrian behavior as well as evidence that people get different experiences with problems while walking on the walkways in both surveyed towns. Considering the issues of sustainable mobility, this paper also tries to suggest policies to motivate more people to walk especially in the medium-sized cities of Portugal.

  11. Elizabeth Blackwell--the forgotten herbalist?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madge, B

    2001-09-01

    This article looks at the work of Elizabeth Blackwell (1707-1758), by all accounts the first British female herbalist. To raise funds to free her husband from debtors prison, she produced her hand drawn, engraved and coloured 'Curious Herbal' in 1735. Using the copies of the herbal in the British Library, the article will look at the circumstances surrounding production of the herbal, her influences and sources used, including the people who recommended production of the book to the Society of Apothecaries and some of the current projects to put her name back on the map. PMID:11780743

  12. A Method for Determination of Resource Potantial of Cankırı Historical City Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Erdogan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The scope of this research, within the frame of Cankırı’s urban site area case, is to highlight the importance of urban landscape design in conservation of historical city centers in order to assure cultural continuity and their integration with modern living conditions to ensure their proper transfer to future generations as livable spaces. On the above mentioned extend, conservation of historical places, urban landscape design and development process of city centers in terms of space and history were touched upon. Besides, according to the findings obtained from preliminary works and analyses carried out in the research field, proposals were pronounced to maintain the sustainability of natural and cultural values in Cankırı’s urban site area. Additionally, existent maps covering the urban site under question were digitalized and computerized and by this way spatial data and attribute data were linked together and arranged in order to build up a reference data base for both city of Cankırı and similar studies.

  13. Gender Differences in Pedestrian Perception and Satisfaction on the Walkability of Kuala Lumpur City Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arshad Ahmad Kamil

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The quality of built environment usually influences the walkability of a city. This is because each pedestrian walk differently on different type of facilities or built environment provided to them. This paper aims to investigate whether gender differences influences the pedestrian perception and satisfaction level at three sidewalks located within the Kuala Lumpur City Center by means of questionnaire survey. A total of 317 pedestrians were involved in the questionnaire survey at the three different sidewalk locations. The result shows significant differences in mean satisfaction value between male and female pedestrians. Female pedestrian give lower satisfaction value for overall travel experience at Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman but higher satisfaction value at Petaling Street and Bukit Bintang compared to male pedestrian. Overall, the satisfaction level was rated between acceptable to satisfactory regardless of gender differences. Improvements should be made for the safety parameter because both male and female pedestrian gives lowest satisfaction level in that area.

  14. Detecting Postpartum Depression in Referents to Medical and Health Centers in Hamadan City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Shobeiri

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Pregnancy and childbirth are significant developmental excitable for most women. Physical, intrapersonal and relational adaptations are needed to adjust successfully to pregnancy and delivery. Postpartum depression is a serious psychiatric disorder and the adverse impact on infants has been noted. The purpose of this study was to detect postpartum depression in referents to medical and health centers in Hamadan city.Materials & Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study involving 400 women completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI within 2-8 weeks of delivery was conducted in urban health centers in Hamadan city, Iran. Data were collected through interviews with women in the clinics in the health centers. Data processing and statistical analysis were performed using SPSS 10.0.Results: The results revealed that majority of women (68.0% were considered normal. Depression was detected in 32.0% of women. Out of these 19.0, 4.0 and 9.0% were mild, moderate and severe depression, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between postpartum depression and age, number of delivery, education, job and husband's job (P=0.000.Conclusion: Nearly 32.0% of selected women had depression. Therefore, it is important for medical personnel to be well versed in the course and treatment of postpartum depression. Post partum depression should be screened and treated as early as possible for several reasons. It can cause significant suffering for the woman who experiences it, and it can have deleterious consequences for the newborn.

  15. Evaluation design of New York City's regulations on nutrition, physical activity, and screen time in early child care centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breck, Andrew; Goodman, Ken; Dunn, Lillian; Stephens, Robert L; Dawkins, Nicola; Dixon, Beth; Jernigan, Jan; Kakietek, Jakub; Lesesne, Catherine; Lessard, Laura; Nonas, Cathy; O'Dell, Sarah Abood; Osuji, Thearis A; Bronson, Bernice; Xu, Ye; Kettel Khan, Laura

    2014-01-01

    This article describes the multi-method cross-sectional design used to evaluate New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's regulations of nutrition, physical activity, and screen time for children aged 3 years or older in licensed group child care centers. The Center Evaluation Component collected data from a stratified random sample of 176 licensed group child care centers in New York City. Compliance with the regulations was measured through a review of center records, a facility inventory, and interviews of center directors, lead teachers, and food service staff. The Classroom Evaluation Component included an observational and biometric study of a sample of approximately 1,400 children aged 3 or 4 years attending 110 child care centers and was designed to complement the center component at the classroom and child level. The study methodology detailed in this paper may aid researchers in designing policy evaluation studies that can inform other jurisdictions considering similar policies. PMID:25321635

  16. Self-Centering Seismic Lateral Force Resisting Systems: High Performance Structures for the City of Tomorrow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathan Brent Chancellor

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Structures designed in accordance with even the most modern buildings codes are expected to sustain damage during a severe earthquake; however; these structures are expected to protect the lives of the occupants. Damage to the structure can require expensive repairs; significant business downtime; and in some cases building demolition. If damage occurs to many structures within a city or region; the regional and national economy may be severely disrupted. To address these shortcomings with current seismic lateral force resisting systems and to work towards more resilient; sustainable cities; a new class of seismic lateral force resisting systems that sustains little or no damage under severe earthquakes has been developed. These new seismic lateral force resisting systems reduce or prevent structural damage to nonreplaceable structural elements by softening the structural response elastically through gap opening mechanisms. To dissipate seismic energy; friction elements or replaceable yielding energy dissipation elements are also included. Post-tensioning is often used as a part of these systems to return the structure to a plumb; upright position (self-center after the earthquake has passed. This paper summarizes the state-of-the art for self-centering seismic lateral force resisting systems and outlines current research challenges for these systems.

  17. An integrated model for inner-city health-care delivery: the Deaconess Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, D M

    1998-01-01

    Under the auspices of the Buffalo General Hospital and the faculty of medicine of the State University of New York at Buffalo, a comprehensive delivery system for primary care has been established in a local inner-city neighborhood. At the Deaconess Family Medicine Center, located within an inner-city location of Buffalo, New York, several divisions have been integrated to provide comprehensive patient-oriented primary care. These divisions include a primary care clinic, an urgent care clinic, a substance abuse clinic, and a community pediatrics clinic. Professional services are provided by attending physicians and residents. The horizontal integration of these four divisions is in turn vertically integrated with the tertiary care teaching hospital inpatient and obstetrical services, providing a continuum of patient care. The horizontal integration serves as an entry point for patients to enter the hospital's health-care system, while the vertical integration capability serves to capture any specialized referrals or inpatient needs. This article discusses the structure of the center, with special reference to service integration, service delivery, and patient capture; medical education; and the place of integrated units in the strategic plan of a tertiary care hospital.

  18. Georadar Archaeological Prospection at the Historical Center of the Merida City, Yucatan, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barba, L.; Ortiz, A.; Blancas, J.; Ligorred, J.

    2007-05-01

    This paper shows the results of the georadar archaeological prospection carried out by the Laboratorio de Prospección Arqueologica from the Instituto de Investigaciones Antropologicas (IIA) of the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM) verifing the archaeological and historical information recovered by the Departamento de Patrimonio Arqueologico y Natural del Municipio (DPANM) del Ayuntamiento de Merida en el Centro Histerico de la Ciudad de Merida under a joint project. The Historical Center of Merida has been classified as a "zone of high patrimonial value" after the topographic data and the historical documents recovered showed a long-term occupation, non interrupted since pre-Columbian times, when T Ho was the great capital of the northern region of the Maya area. For the rehabilitation program of the Historical Center of Merida has been a great priority to verify the existence of archaeological remains, pre-Columbian or colonial, under the present streets, gardens and plazas that could be damaged during the public infrastructure works. In order to prevent any damage to the patrimony a large georadar study was carried out pulling 200 and 400 MHz antennas of the GSSI SIR System 2 for 16500 m of the city streets, focusing in the areas where infrastructure works were imminent. After the analysis of the radar data it was possible to build up a map with the location of the most noticeable archaeological remains under the pavement of the streets that confirmed many of the topographic and documental proposed places. As a final result, by the first time a city government has available information to take present urban decisions, while preventing the damage to the archaeological patrimony of the same city.

  19. Survey of industrial noise in Port Elizabeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, J L

    1976-02-01

    The amendment to the Factories, Machinery and Building Work Act of 1941 in regard to hearing conservation is outlined. A survey by the Port Elizabeth Deaf Association on workmen from Cadbury (Pty) Ltd was undertaken in 1973 and on a second group in 1974 and the results are published and discussed. Although the numbers of workmen were small, the results suggest that widespread testing will unearth many cases of unsuspected hearing loss. The implications as applied to industry at large are discussed and the difficulties in adequately assessing large numbers of workmen with adequately trained audiometric testers are stressed. A suggestion is made that mobile clinics under the control of Chambers of Industries would be the most efficient way of approaching the screening problem, and an estimated cost structure in the setting up of such a clinic is introduced. PMID:130691

  20. Auto-DR and Pre-cooling of Buildings at Tri-City Corporate Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yin, Rongxin; Xu, Peng; Kiliccote, Sila

    2008-11-01

    Over the several past years, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) has conducted field tests for different pre-cooling strategies in different commercial buildings within California. The test results indicated that pre-cooling strategies were effective in reducing electric demand in these buildings during peak periods. This project studied how to optimize pre-cooling strategies for eleven buildings in the Tri-City Corporate Center, San Bernardino, California with the assistance of a building energy simulation tool -- the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT) developed by LBNL's Demand Response Research Center funded by the California Energy Commission's Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program. From the simulation results of these eleven buildings, optimal pre-cooling and temperature reset strategies were developed. The study shows that after refining and calibrating initial models with measured data, the accuracy of the models can be greatly improved and the models can be used to predict load reductions for automated demand response (Auto-DR) events. This study summarizes the optimization experience of the procedure to develop and calibrate building models in DRQAT. In order to confirm the actual effect of demand response strategies, the simulation results were compared to the field test data. The results indicated that the optimal demand response strategies worked well for all buildings in the Tri-City Corporate Center. This study also compares DRQAT with other building energy simulation tools (eQUEST and BEST). The comparison indicate that eQUEST and BEST underestimate the actual demand shed of the pre-cooling strategies due to a flaw in DOE2's simulation engine for treating wall thermal mass. DRQAT is a more accurate tool in predicting thermal mass effects of DR events.

  1. Noise Pollution Evaluation of City Center of Zanjan by Geographic Information System (GIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F Majidi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: The aim of  noise control in a community is to improve its management in the community, because the traffic noise can affect neighboring residential areas. Well-planned noise management can eliminate this major and harmful component issue, which is one of the stresses of urban life on human health. However, before planning to decrease urban noise, it is necessary to determine the very noisy areas in a given city. Therefore, the objective of this study was to measure the main noise indices at the noisy areas of Zanjan City, Iran. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in the central area of Zanjan City, with heavy traffic. For this purpose, the equivalent sound level (Leq, the day-night sound level (Ldn, the day-evening-night sound level (Lden, the noise pollution level (NP and the traffic noise index (TNI were measured in 19 stations in the first half (winter and spring of 2012. The measurements were conducted in the main streets of this area as recommended by EPA guidelines and finally the results obtained were mapped using the ArcGIS (Ver. 10.2 software.  Results: the noise maps in GIS showed clearly the variations of Leq, Ldn, and Lden indices in the study field area. Moreover, it was found that the hourly variations of Leq, Ldn and Lden in stations are completely function of population movements and therefore traffic loads in the Zanjan city center. In addition, the extent of violation of traffic noise level from the ambient noise standard was estimated by Lden at 100% stations (greater than 55 dB. The TNI values at 67  and 100% stations  were more than 74 dB (A, but  in the evenings the TNI values at  100% of stations  were more than 74 dB (A. The NP values at 78% sampling stations were more than 80 dB  implying  traffic noise was annoying in the most stations and times. Conclusion: Using noise maps, NP and TNI indices can help intelligent traffic control planning, because the noise maps can be

  2. InterClone hotell / Elizabeth Diller, Ricardo Scofidio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Diller, Elizabeth

    2002-01-01

    Reklaamikampaania fiktiivsele hotelliketile. Algne installatsioon Attatürki lennujaamas Istanbuli biennaalil 1997. Autorid ameerika arhitektid Elizabeth Diller ja Ricardo Scofidio (büroo Diller + Scofidio). 4 ill.

  3. Elizabeth II üle Diana ja Tony / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Stephen Frearsi mängufilm "Kuninganna" ("The Queen") : stsenarist Peter Morgan : kuninganna Elizabeth II kehastab Helen Mirren peaminister Tony Blair'i Michael Sheen: Suurbritannia - Ameerika Ühendriigid - Itaalia 2006

  4. Soovin Eesti rahvale õnne ja edu / kuninganna Elizabeth II

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elizabeth II, 1926-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees 20. okt. lk. 17, Koit 21. okt. lk. 6, Postimees : na russkom jazõke 23. okt. lk. 7. Kuninganna Elizabeth II kõne riiklikul õhtusöögil 19. oktoobril Tallinnas Mustpeade majas

  5. A comparison between Alice and Elizabeth chatbot systems

    OpenAIRE

    Shawar, BA; Atwell, E.

    2002-01-01

    This study examines two chatter bots systems called ALICE and Elizabeth, which are adapted from ELIZA program. Joseph Weizenbaum implemented ELIZA in 1966 and it was originally designed to emulate a psychotherapist. This report also provides an introduction to the analysis of ALICE and Elizabeth focusing in the knowledge representation and pattern matching algorithms for each one of them. The report then illustrates the main differences between them and concludes that it will be easier to bui...

  6. Analysis of Inpatient Bed Allocation Equity and Utilization in the City Community Health Service Center of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许静; 吴妮娜; 金生国; 王芳; 王云霞; 刘利群; 卢祖洵

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the inpatient bed(IB) allocation equity and utilization in Chinese city community health service centers(CHSCs).The data were derived from the Baseline Survey of National City Community Health Service System Building Project,which was conducted in 1917 CHSCs in 28 cities in 2007.The IB allocation was analyzed in terms of IB allocation quantity and distribution equity,and the IB utilization was analyzed by the IB utilization rate and average length of stay of the CH...

  7. ANALYSIS OF FACTORS IMPACTING LAND USE IN TRANSFORMING ISTANBUL HISTORICAL CITY CENTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Hakan KOLCU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Istanbul historical city center is going through a provincial transformation by quick population increase, multicentered city development, developing tourism and trade feature pressures as well as selection of location for housing. Provincial transformation is briefly described as; an action plan integrating with the city and urban people, prepared to increase life quality based on strategic development plan and within the provincial development vision for the nonfunctional, old and worn provincial pieces unable to fulfill physical, social and economic development dynamics and new requirements. Objective of this study is to find out factors affecting provincial transformation that are observed in research district and positive negative effect ratios based on regression analysis. Research district Sultanahmet and surrounding area located between Divan Yolu Street and Topkapı Palace and Marmara Sea, which is considered among UNESCO Global Heritage Areas, having intensive cultural assets, transforming pursuant to tourism and trade feature pressure, preserving most of its authentic housing texture, worn out as well as observed to be a qualified housing location choice of people with high socio-economic and educational class. It is concluded that the urban transformation resulting from the dynamism in the historical, physical and socioeconomically structure of the space in the research area is weighted with the accommodation and commercial place selections, there are influences of the culture asset structure, some part of the functions being in the place selection and the positive and negative reflections of the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the focal points on the transformation which is followed on the area and also the land-plot unit price value directs the selections in part.

  8. Research on public logistics centers of Zhenzhou city based on GIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Yuhuai; Chen, Shuisen; Tian, Zhihui; Miao, Quansheng

    2008-10-01

    The regional public logistics center (PLC) is the intermedium that transports goods or commodity from producer to wholesaler, retailer and end consumer through whole supply chains. According to the Central Place Theory, the PLC should be multi-centric and of more kinds of graded degrees. From the road network planning discipline, an unique index---Importance Degree, is presented to measure the capacity of a PLC. The Importance Degree selects three township criteria: total population, gross industry product and budget income as weights to calculate the weighted vectors by principle component analysis method. Finally, through the clustering analysis, we can get the graded degrees of PLCs. It proves that that this research method is very effective for the road network planning of Zhengzhou City.

  9. Instituting a Smoke-Free Policy for City Recreation Centers and Playgrounds, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond Leung, JD

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background In the United States, more than 600 municipalities have smoke-free parks, and more than 100 have smoke-free beaches. Nevertheless, adoption of outdoor smoke-free policies has been slow in certain regions. Critical to widespread adoption is the sharing of knowledge about the policy development and implementation process. In this article, we describe our experience in making City of Philadelphia recreation centers and playgrounds smoke-free. Community Context Of the 10 largest US cities, Philadelphia has among the highest rates of adult and youth smoking. Our objectives for an outdoor smoke-free policy included protecting against secondhand smoke, supporting a normative message that smoking is harmful, motivating smokers to quit, and mitigating tobacco-related sanitation costs. Methods The Philadelphia Department of Public Health and the Department of Parks and Recreation engaged civic leaders, agency staff, and community stakeholders in the following steps: 1 making the policy case, 2 vetting policy options and engaging stakeholders, and 3 implementing policy. Near-term policy impacts were assessed through available data sources. Outcome More than 220 recreation centers, playgrounds, and outdoor pools became smoke-free through a combined mayoral executive order and agency regulation. Support for the policy was high. Estimates suggest a policy reach of 3.6 million annual visitors and almost 850 acres of new smoke-free municipal property. Interpretation Localities can successfully implement outdoor smoke-free policies with careful planning and execution. Such policies hold great potential for reducing exposure to secondhand smoke, promoting nonsmoking norms, and providing additional motivation for residents to quit smoking.

  10. Evaluation of Cold Chain Practices in Urban Health Centers of a Metro City in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalitha Krishnappa, Arvind B Anniappan, Narayana H Voderhobli, Shantha Kumar Krishna, Sudarshana Yathiraj, Pruthvish Sreekantaiah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: National Family Health Survey report (NFHS-3 reports revealed that immunization coverage in India among children between 12-23 months was low at 43.5%. In lieu of strengthening Routine Immu-nization (RI, Government of Karnataka undertook state-wide training of Medical officers and Health workers on RI with concurrent efforts of strengthening cold chain system in health centers. With this background, this study was undertaken to assess the cold chain practices in urban health centers of Bangalore city. Methodology: This Cross-sectional study was conducted during Octo-ber-December 2008 in three-zones of Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BBMP covering 35 units. Physical verification of the available cold chain equipments was done using predesigned pretested checklist and face to face interview of cold chain handlers was employed. Results: Of 35 centers, 33(94% and 32(91% of them had atleast one functional Ice-lined refrigerator(ILR and one deep freezer(DF respectively. Good storage code practice was practiced in 12 out of 33 ILRs. Functional thermometer was available in 31(91% ILRs of which 23(74% had temperature in the recommend range. With respect to knowledge of cold chain handlers on RI, 86% were trained on RI and their overall knowledge regarding cold chain practices was satisfactory except for knowledge on temperature in DF and on conditioning of ice-packs. Conclusion: Availability of cold chain equipments has improved and Cold storage practice was good/fair in most of the centers. Knowledge of cold chain handlers was low with respect to select cold chain practices.

  11. Determinants of adult vaccination at inner-city health centers: A descriptive study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymund Mahlon

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination rates among adults 65 years and older or less than 65 years with high risk medical conditions are still below Healthy People 2010 recommended levels of 90%. This study was designed to: 1 assess self-reported pneumococcal vaccination rates following health center level interventions to increase adult vaccination rates; and 2 determine factors associated with vaccination. Methods Tailored interventions to increase immunizations were implemented at two inner-city health centers. We surveyed 375 patients 50 years of age and older. Multivariate logistic regression examines the predictors of 1 self-reported pneumococcal vaccination and 2 combined self-reported influenza and pneumococcal vaccination. Both of these models were stratified by age group (50–64 years and 65 years and older. Results Pneumococcal vaccination rates were 45% by self-report, 55% by medical record review, 69% for patients 65 years old and older, 32% for patients 50–64 years; they did not differ by race. Receipt of the previous season's influenza vaccine was significantly related to pneumococcal vaccination among both younger and older patients. Receiving both the pneumococcal vaccine and the most recent influenza vaccine compared with receiving neither, among younger patients was related to unemployment, more frequent physician visits, and belief that those who do not receive the flu shot are more susceptible to the flu. For older patients, receipt of both vaccines was related to nonsmoking status, believing that friends/family think the patient should be vaccinated, seeing posters advertising flu shot clinics, and belief that those who do not receive the flu shot are more susceptible to the flu. Conclusion Our findings suggest that improving overall pneumococcal vaccination rates among eligible adults, has the potential to eliminate racial disparities. Interventions delivering vaccination messages specific to older

  12. The Leading Character's Depression In Eat, Pray, Love By Elizabeth Gilbert

    OpenAIRE

    Zaya, Devie Arina

    2013-01-01

    Skripsi yang berjudul the leading characters depression in novel Eat, Pray, Love by Elizabeth Gilbert berisi tentang analisis tentang depresi tokoh utama Elizabeth terhadap kehidupan pernikahannya serta percintaannya. Masalah penelitian dirumuskan berdasarkan dua hal yaitu apa yang menyebabkan dia depresi dan bagaimana dia bisa keluar dari depresi yang terdapat di dalam novel Eat, Pray, Love karya Elizabeth Gilbert. Pendekatan yang yang digunakan penulis untuk menganalisis depresi Elizabeth t...

  13. Headache in the writings of Elizabeth Gaskell (1810-1865).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larner, A J

    2015-11-01

    Mrs Elizabeth Gaskell was a celebrated author of the Victorian era, a friend of both Charles Dickens and Charlotte Brontë and the latter's first biographer. References to headache in Mrs Gaskell's six major novels, published between 1848 and 1866 as well as some of her shorter fiction, have been collated. These multiple references suggest that Elizabeth Gaskell used headache as a narrative device, possibly based on her own experience of headache and that of female acquaintances, most notably Charlotte Brontë. PMID:24585607

  14. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers,...

  15. "Adam of the Road" by Elizabeth Janet Gray. Literature Unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Mari Lu

    Intended as an aid to classroom teachers, this 48-page handbook presents a literature unit based on the children's book, "Adam of the Road" by Elizabeth Janet Gray. It begins with sample lesson plans, pre-reading activities, author information, a book summary, and vocabulary lists and suggested vocabulary activities. Next, chapters of "Adam of the…

  16. Climate Prediction Center(CPC)Monthly U.S. Selected Cities Temperature Summary

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Monthly U.S. reported temperature summaries in degrees Fahrenheit generated from the GTS metar(hourly) and synoptic(6-hourly)observations for selected cities based...

  17. Climate Prediction Center (CPC) Weekly U.S. Selected Cities Temperature Summary

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Weekly U.S. reported temperature summaries in degrees Fahrenheit generated from the GTS metar(hourly) and synoptic(6-hourly)observations for selected cities based...

  18. Rapidkl Bus Service in City Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: An Epitome of Good Service?

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Aziz Abdullah; Rohaya Mat Talip

    2013-01-01

    Public transportation in Kuala Lumpur (the capital city of Malaysia) serves the daily commuting needs of all strata of society. To meet the ever increasing needs of reliable public transport in and around the capital city, the Rangkaian Pengangkutan Integrasi Deras Sdn Bhd (RapidKL) has been established. Notwithstanding the effort by the company to provide the best public service, it seems there are more brickbats than bouquet of flowers given at the level of service rendered. Gamut of compla...

  19. Elizabeth Mayhew Edmonds: Greek prose fiction in English dress

    OpenAIRE

    Γκότση, Γεωργία

    2016-01-01

    Elizabeth Mayhew Edmonds (1823-1907) played a significant role in the mediation of Modern Greek literature and culture in late nineteenth-century Britain, with her translations forming a vital aspect of her activity as a cultural broker. Focusing on Edmond’s transmission of late nineteenth-century Greek prose fiction, the article discusses her translation practices in the contemporary contexts of the publishing domain and the marketplace as well as of her effort to acquire authority in the li...

  20. Controversies and challenges of vaccination: an interview with Elizabeth Miller.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    Although strong evidence exists that the benefits of vaccination by far outweigh potential adverse events, controversy still exists. This has led opponents of vaccination to question its safety, efficacy and necessity. In an interview with Professor Elizabeth Miller, we discuss the continuum of beliefs held by vaccine refusers and hesitators, the resulting health consequences, and ways in which health professionals and industry regulators can help promote transparency to better convey the substantial health benefits of vaccination. PMID:26472230

  1. Endoparasites of horses from the Formiga city, located in center-west region of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weslen Fabricio Pires Teixeira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available With the aim of studying the endoparasite fauna of horses from the Formiga city, located in center-west region of the state of Minas Gerais, 25 animals that were naturally infected with helminths were evaluated. By means of parasitological necropsies, different endoparasites were found. The subfamily Cyathostominae presented the highest incidence, followed by Trichostrongylus axei, Oxyuris equi, Triodontophorus serratus, Strongyloides westeri, Strongylus edentatus, Habronema muscae, Parascaris equorum, Probstmayria vivipara, Strongylus vulgaris, Gasterophilus nasalis, Anoplocephala magna and Anoplocephala perfoliata. In the present study, if the species Probstmayria vivipara was not considered in the prevalence, the frequency of Cyathostominae was equivalent to 94.85%. The results obtained in this study allowed us to detect and identify different species of helminths in horses, and confirmed the high incidence of nematodes belonging to the subfamily Cyathostominae in the center-west region of Minas Gerais.

  2. Evaluation of potential human health risk and investigation of drinking water quality in Isparta city center (Turkey).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varol, Simge; Davraz, Aysen

    2016-06-01

    Isparta city center is selected as a work area in this study because the public believes that the tap water is dirty and harmful. In this study, the city's drinking water in the distribution system and other spring waters which are used as drinking water in this region were investigated from the point of water quality and health risk assessment. Water samples were collected from major drinking water springs, tap waters, treatment plants and dam pond in the Isparta province center. Ca-Mg-HCO3, Mg-Ca-HCO3, Ca-Na-HCO3, Ca-HCO3, Ca-HCO3-SO4 and Ca-Mg-HCO3-SO4 are dominant water types. When compared to drinking water guidelines established by World Health Organization and Turkey, much greater attention should be paid to As, Br, Fe, F, NH4, PO4 through varied chemicals above the critical values. The increases of As, Fe, F, NH4 and PO4 are related to water-rock interaction. In tap waters, the increases of As and Fe are due to corrosion of pipes in drinking water distribution systems. The major toxic and carcinogenic chemicals within drinking water are As and Br for both tap water and spring water. Also, F is the non-carcinogenic chemical for only spring waters in the study area.

  3. Electric Power Plants and Generation Stations, Electric, Published in 2008, City of Elizabeth City.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Electric Power Plants and Generation Stations dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2008. It is described as 'Electric'....

  4. Sewerage Treatment Plants, Sewer Treatment Plant, Published in 2008, City of Elizabeth City.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Sewerage Treatment Plants dataset, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2008. It is described as 'Sewer Treatment Plant'. Data by...

  5. Rapidkl Bus Service in City Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: An Epitome of Good Service?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Aziz Abdullah

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Public transportation in Kuala Lumpur (the capital city of Malaysia serves the daily commuting needs of all strata of society. To meet the ever increasing needs of reliable public transport in and around the capital city, the Rangkaian Pengangkutan Integrasi Deras Sdn Bhd (RapidKL has been established. Notwithstanding the effort by the company to provide the best public service, it seems there are more brickbats than bouquet of flowers given at the level of service rendered. Gamut of complaints range from late arrival, overcrowding, poor customer service, and bad general upkeep of the bus to frequent mechanical letdown. Hence, this research attempts to ascertain factors which influence the latitude of customer satisfaction towards RapidKL bus service in the Klang Valley. The picked independent variables of service quality; consumer satisfaction and dissatisfaction are assessed. The findings indentify factors that influence customers’ satisfaction to choose bus as a public transportation. The results will be used to suggest plan of improvement so that the public can experience better service in the Klang Valley.

  6. A brief account of coast vegetation near Port Elizabeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. C. Taylor

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available The environment and vegetation of an area of coast north-east of Port Elizabeth, South Africa, are briefly described. Five major vegetation categories are recognized. These are: 1.  Scaevola thunbergii Pioneer Vegetation of  littoral dunes and  Ficinia lateralis Sedgeland of calcrete gravel; 2.  Olea exasperata Bush,  Pterocelastrus tricuspidatus Bushclumps and Dune Woodland; 3. Sundays River Scrub; 4. Fynbos of calcrete areas; and 5.  Themeda triandra Grassland. Invasion of the area by Acacia cyclops (Australian W'attle is described. A recommendation for the conservation of the area as a nature reserve is made.

  7. Examination of Temporal Changes of Tekirdağ City Center with Remote Sensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Özyavuz

    Full Text Available Uncontrolled spatiotemporal changes in large urban areas can produce several problems such as environmental pollution, diminishing valuable agricultural lands; irregular industrialization and urbanization due to number and proportion of residents continue to increase. Remote sensing and GIS have become important tools to evaluate uncontrolled temporal changes in urban areas, because these techniques allow examination and management large amount of spatial and tabular data which would be impossible using manual interpretation. In this study, 2000 and 2010 Landsat TM satellite images and ancillary data were used to detect urban changes. Results showed that the city is expanding 6,3 percent annually. As a result of the classification and evaluation, it was determined that 580,57 ha. lands was converted to urban areas between the years 2000-2010.

  8. Intestinal Parasites Prevalence in Children from Day Care Centers in Sinop City-MT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Muchiutti

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the intestinal parasitosis prevalence of children from municipal day care centers in Sinop MT. Respecting ethical principles established by Resolution 196/96 of Health National Council/Ministry of Health of quantitative research, the anonymity of participants, as well accept and signature of parents of the Term of Free and Enlightened Consent were performed. Between Junes to October 2012 were applied coproparasitological methods for investigation. Fecal samples were analyzed by Hoffmans methods. From 103 students examined observed the prevalence rate of 19.42% of intestinal parasites. The intestinal parasites with highest prevalence rate were: Giardia lamblia (9.70% and Endolimax nana (5.82%. The results of this study demonstrate the need for sensitization of the population front of diagnosis importance, treatment and monitoring of positive cases and the necessity of more health professionals attention, especially with children.Key-words: Intestinal parasites, day care centers, children.

  9. Prevent infection linked to the dialysis water in a hemodialysis center in Fez city (Morocco)

    OpenAIRE

    Oumokhtar, Bouchra; Lalami, Abdelhakim El Ouali; Mahmoud, Mustapha; Berrada, Sanae; Arrayhani, Mohammed; Houssaini, Tarik Squalli

    2013-01-01

    Background Water treatment systems are a critical variable in dialysis therapy. Rigorous control of hemodialysis water quality is particularly important in order to guarantee a better quality of life of the hemodialysis patients. The objective of the study was to evaluate the chemical, microbiological quality and antimicrobial resistance of bacteria isolated from water and dialysate in a public HD center. Methods Fifty five samples of water and dialysate were collected weekly over a period of...

  10. Frequency and risk factors associated with dry eye in patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martinez JD

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Jaime D Martinez,1 Anat Galor,2,3 Nallely Ramos-Betancourt,1 Andrés Lisker-Cervantes,1 Francisco Beltrán,1 Jorge Ozorno-Zárate,1 Valeria Sánchez-Huerta,1 Marco-Antonio Torres-Vera,1 Everardo Hernández-Quintela1 1Cornea and External Diseases Service, Asociación Para Evitar la Ceguera en Mexico (Association to prevent blindness in Mexico, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Miami Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 3Cornea and External Diseases Division, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA Purpose: The purpose of this study was to ascertain the frequency and risk factors of dry eye (DE among patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico.Methods: Approximately 338 consecutive new patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico City underwent an ocular surface examination, which included tear film break-up time, fluorescein corneal staining, Schirmer’s test, and evaluation of meibum quality. Symptoms of DE were evaluated by the Ocular Surface Disease Index and Dry Eye Questionnaire-5. Information on demographics, exposures, past medical and ocular history, and medications was also collected.Results: The frequency of severe DE symptoms was found to be 43% based on the Ocular Surface Disease Index and 30% based on Dry Eye Questionnaire-5. Risk factors significantly associated with increased DE symptoms included dry mouth and gastrointestinal ulcer medications. With regard to signs, aqueous tear deficiency was a less-frequent finding (22% in our population than evaporative deficiency (94%. Risk factors associated with aqueous tear deficiency were dry mouth and diuretic use. No risk factors were associated with evaporative deficiency. Risk factors associated with meibomian gland dysfunction included old age, male sex, arthritis, and use of an antihypertensive. The only risk factor associated with corneal staining was dry

  11. Mental and Physical Health and Spiritual Healing: An Evaluation of Complementary Religious Therapies Provided by Spiritist Centers in the City of São Paulo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucchetti, Alessandra Lamas Granero; Lucchetti, Giancarlo; Leão, Frederico Camelo; Peres, Mario Fernando Prieto; Vallada, Homero

    2016-09-01

    The present study aims to describe the characteristics of the complementary religious treatment conducted by Spiritist centers in the city of São Paulo (Brazil), to understand how physical and mental health problems are addressed and how the directors of these centers differentiate between persons with spiritual experiences from those with psychiatric disorders. From 365 Spiritist centers, which received the questionnaire, 55 (15.1 %) were included in the final analysis. There were on average 261 people per week attending spiritual sessions in each center, totalizing approximately 15,000 attendees per week in all 55 centers. The most common treatment performed in these centers was disobsession (Spirit release therapy) (92.7 %); the least common was the 'spiritual surgery', present in only 5.5 %. The most frequent health problems reported by attendees were depression (45.1 %), cancer (43.1 %) and diseases in general (33.3 %). Concerning the directors' awareness to differentiate between spiritual experiences and psychiatric disorders, we found some remarkable divergent opinions. In conclusion, the Spiritist centers are an important health related support system for the city of São Paulo, responsible for a significant share of the city's total health consultations. The most common conditions the patients suffer from were depression and cancer. PMID:26525690

  12. Anthroponotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Nonendemic Quarters of a Centeral City in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AR Zahraei-Ramazani

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Bacground: The aim of this study was to determine the status of the cutaneous leishmaniasis in some nonendemic quarters in the city of Isfahan, Isfahan Province, central Iran. Methods: A total of 16380 primary school students aged 6-17 years old and a total population of 2892 persons in 700 households in four nonendemic quarters were questioned and examined for the presence of ulcer or scar. Sand flies were collected using sticky paper traps. Results: A rate of 4.18% for scars and 0.3% for active lesions in the primary school children were showed. The households showed a prevalence of 11.3% for scars and 0.5% for ulcers. Two thousand and seventy four sand flies were collected and 10 species were identified. The most common sand fly species in indoor and outdoor resting places was P.sergenti. Conlusion: The present investigation revealed that Anthroponotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis is in an epidemic status in these quarters. Human is considered the main reservoir and transmission is believed to be from human to human by P.sergenti.

  13. Traffic contribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the center of a large city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, T.

    1996-01-01

    The presence of particulate PAH and other air pollutants (soot, CO, NO, gas NOy, SO2, particulate metals, sulfate) in the air in a street (60,000 vehicles each day) in Central Copenhagen and in a park area adjacent to the street was investigated. The diurnal variation of PAH was determined. The PAH...... composition was also determined in the air in a street carrying only diesel buses. The concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene and benzo(e)pyrene (BeP) were 4.4 +/- 1.2 and 4.4 +/- 0.7 ng m(-3), respectively, in the street air and 1.4 +/- 0.6 and 1.3 +/- 0.3 ng m(-3), respectively, in the air in the park area....... The investigation covered the winter months, January-March. The winter was mild, with a mean temperature of 2.8 degrees C. The major PAH source in the street was the traffic. In the city park area also traffic was an important source, but not the major one. Applying BeP as PAH indicator, the traffic contribution...

  14. THE RESEARCH OF THEORETIC APPROACHES TO THE PROBLEM OF PARTICIPATION OF DESIGN IN THE STRUCTURE OF HISTORICAL CITY CENTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prokhnenko V. V.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article we present the analysis of all the theoretic approaches for modernization and maintenance of historical centers of the cities by the design sources in the point of view of systemic approach to the investigation of the problems. It is revealed that in the concerning area there is a wide experience of investigations and also a big number of various attempts of creation and development of methodological apparatus, which determines the strategy of application of the design products to urban environment in general and to historical environment in particular. However, the complex of scientifically-based solution of the problems in indicated sphere has not developed yet, and as a consequence, the common strategy of maintenance and modernization of historical centers by the design sources are not determined yet. These results of carried out investigations can become a basis for the development of systemic approach for conflict-free penetration into natural historically formed context of the design objects and the saturation of the existing environment

  15. Determinants Associated with Pregnancy Complications in Pregnant Women; (Case Study in Abepura, Jayapura City Health Center 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodinda Sihombing

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the World Health Organization (WHO in 2014, about 800 mothers die worldwide each day from complications related to pregnancy or childbirth. Each year approximately 20,000 women in Indonesia die from causes related to pregnancy and labor. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of pregnancy complications determinant in Abepura, Jayapura City Health Center in 2015. This study was an observational study design with "cross-sectional study", which is one type of the analytic study design. The sample in this study is the third trimester pregnant women who visited antenatal at health centers Abepura totaling 155 people using accidental sampling technique. All data in this study were collected through interviews using questionnaires. Analysis of the data in this study include univariate, bivariate (chi square and multivariate (logistic regression. Chi-square test results demonstrated an association iron tablet intake (p = 0.022; RP = 2, maternal age (p = 0.018; RP = 2.6, parity (p = 0.03; RP = 1.9, a history of pregnancy complications (p = 0.0001; RP = 2.9, and a history of birth complications (p = 0.002; RP = 2.6 and the incidence of pregnancy complications. While the history of infectious disease has no relationship with the incidence of pregnancy complications (p = 0.214; RP = 1.4. Multivariate analysis showed that maternal age and previous pregnancy complications are dominant factors on the incidence of pregnancy complications.

  16. 基于熵值法的中心城市宜居水平研究%Research of Center City Livable Level Based on Entropy Evaluation Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张拓宇; 周婧博

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, our government attaches great importance to ecological civilization, the center cities have also proposed the development ideas of ecological livable. This paper selects the top 30 center cities on 2013 GDP, analysis their livable level based on relative index of economy, urban construction, people’s livelihood and environmental. According to the results, it will explore the common problems of center city ecological civilization, find the individual differences of the cities, and fulfill the evaluation methods of city ecological civilization.%近年来,国家高度重视生态文明建设,各中心城市也纷纷提出宜居、生态的发展理念。本文选取2013年地区生产总值排名前30位的中心城市为对象,基于城市经济、城建、民生、环境等方面若干相对性表征指标对城市宜居水平进行了分析,以期探讨中心城市生态文明建设的共性问题及不同城市间的个性差异,并为科学评价城市生态文明建设进行有益实践。

  17. Prevalence of dementia and Alzheimer's disease in elders of nursing homes and a senior center of Durango City, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez-Corral Karina

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Epidemiological reports about dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD in elderly people from developing countries are scarce. Therefore, we sought to determine the prevalences of dementia and AD in a population of nursing home residents and senior center attendees of Durango City, Mexico, and to determine whether any socio-demographic characteristics from the subjects associated with dementia or AD exist. Methods One hundred and fifty-five residents of two nursing homes and 125 attendees of a senior center were examined for dementia and Alzheimer's disease. All subjects were tested by the mini-mental state examination, and those who scored twenty-four or less underwent psychiatric and neurological evaluations. Diagnosis of dementia, AD and vascular dementia (VaD was based on the DSM-IV criteria. Socio-demographic characteristics from each participant were also obtained. Results Residents of nursing homes found to suffer from dementia were 25 out of 155 (16.1%. Eighteen of them (11.6% had AD, and seven (4.5% had VaD. None of the attendees of the senior center suffered from dementia. Dementia (pooled AD and VaD cases correlated with white ethnicity (OR = 3.2; 95%CI = 1.28–8.31, and a history of unemployment (OR = 6.46; 95%CI = 1.42–25.97, while AD correlated with journeymen occupations (OR = 4.55; 95%CI = 1.00–19.29. Conclusion Prevalence of dementia in residents of nursing homes found in this study is much lower than reported from more industrialized countries. AD was more frequent than VaD. Ethnicity and occupation showed effects on the prevalence figures. The prevalence of dementia found has implications for the optimum kind of health care that nursing homes should provide to their residents.

  18. Frequency and risk factors associated with dry eye in patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Jaime D; Galor, Anat; Ramos-Betancourt, Nallely; Lisker-Cervantes, Andrés; Beltrán, Francisco; Ozorno-Zárate, Jorge; Sánchez-Huerta, Valeria; Torres-Vera, Marco-Antonio; Hernández-Quintela, Everardo

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to ascertain the frequency and risk factors of dry eye (DE) among patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico. Methods Approximately 338 consecutive new patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico City underwent an ocular surface examination, which included tear film break-up time, fluorescein corneal staining, Schirmer’s test, and evaluation of meibum quality. Symptoms of DE were evaluated by the Ocular Surface Disease Index and Dry Eye Questionnaire-5. Information on demographics, exposures, past medical and ocular history, and medications was also collected. Results The frequency of severe DE symptoms was found to be 43% based on the Ocular Surface Disease Index and 30% based on Dry Eye Questionnaire-5. Risk factors significantly associated with increased DE symptoms included dry mouth and gastrointestinal ulcer medications. With regard to signs, aqueous tear deficiency was a less-frequent finding (22%) in our population than evaporative deficiency (94%). Risk factors associated with aqueous tear deficiency were dry mouth and diuretic use. No risk factors were associated with evaporative deficiency. Risk factors associated with meibomian gland dysfunction included old age, male sex, arthritis, and use of an antihypertensive. The only risk factor associated with corneal staining was dry mouth. Conclusion This is the first study to demonstrate the frequency of symptomatic and clinical DE in a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico. The frequency of DE ranged from 30% using a symptomatic definition to 94% using objective measures. Different risk factors were found for different aspects of DE, suggesting differing underlying pathophysiologies behind different DE subtypes. PMID:27499613

  19. Potential prescription patterns and errors in elderly adult patients attending public primary health care centers in Mexico City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corona-Rojo, José Antonio; Altagracia-Martínez, Marina; Kravzov-Jinich, Jaime; Vázquez-Cervantes, Laura; Pérez-Montoya, Edilberto; Rubio-Poo, Consuelo

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Six out of every 10 elderly persons live in developing countries. Objective To analyze and assess the drug prescription patterns and errors in elderly outpatients attending public health care centers in Mexico City, Mexico. Materials and methods A descriptive and retrospective study was conducted in 2007. Fourteen hundred prescriptions were analyzed. Prescriptions of ambulatory adults aged >70 years who were residents of Mexico City for at least two years were included. Prescription errors were divided into two groups: (1) administrative and legal, and (2) pharmacotherapeutic. In group 2, we analyzed drug dose strength, administration route, frequency of drug administration, treatment length, potential drug–drug interactions, and contraindications. Variables were classified as correct or incorrect based on clinical literature. Variables for each drug were dichotomized as correct (0) or incorrect (1). A Prescription Index (PI) was calculated by considering each drug on the prescription. SPSS statistical software was used to process the collected data (95% confidence interval; p <0.05). Results The drug prescription pattern in elderly outpatients shows that 12 drugs account for 70.72% (2880) of prescribed drugs. The most prescribed drugs presented potential pharmacotherapeutic errors (as defined in the present study). Acetylsalicylic acid–captopril was the most common potential interaction (not clinically assessed). Potential prescription error was high (53% of total prescriptions). Most of the prescription errors were due to omissions of dosage, administration route, and length of treatment and may potentially cause harm to the elderly outpatients. Conclusions A high number of potential prescription errors were found, mainly due to omissions. The drug prescription pattern of the study population is mainly constituted by 12 drugs. The results indicate that prescription quality depends on the number of prescribed drugs per prescription (p < 0

  20. The Impact of the Feminist Heroine: Elizabeth in Pride and Prejudice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui-Chun CHANG

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper critically examines the feminist significance of Elizabeth Bennet, heroine of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice. The feminist view found in Pride and Prejudice is well-supported in literary criticism yet little discussion has focused on Elizabeth’s feminism as seen in the prominent contrast to her female foils within the novel, namely Caroline, Jane, and Charlotte. Each of these women conforms to the socially imposed gender norms of Regency England, while Elizabeth artfully challenges gender inequality. As other women adapt their views to increase their chances of marriage, Elizabeth persistently refuses to capitulate. Defying traditional gender norms, Elizabeth affirms her feminist perspective by helping to shape Mr. Darcy’s moral character to match her own. Elizabeth inspires Mr. Darcy to set aside the pride he has in his high station in society in order to win her affections and take her hand in marriage. I argue that Elizabeth’s character is not feminist in isolation, but is understood only in contrast to Caroline, Jane, and Charlotte. This claim is supported by an in-depth comparison of Elizabeth and each of the female foils.Keywords: feminism, Elizabeth Bennet, moral character, gender inequality, foil contrast

  1. Potential prescription patterns and errors in elderly adult patients attending public primary health care centers in Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Corona-Rojo

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available José Antonio Corona-Rojo1, Marina Altagracia-Martínez1, Jaime Kravzov-Jinich1, Laura Vázquez-Cervantes1, Edilberto Pérez-Montoya2, Consuelo Rubio-Poo31Division of Biological Sciences and Health, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Campus Xochimilco (UAM-X, Xochimilco, México; 2National Polytechnical Institute (IPN, México DF; 3Faculty of Higher Studies – Zaragoza (FES-Zaragoza, National Autonomous University of México (UNAM, México City, MéxicoIntroduction: Six out of every 10 elderly persons live in developing countries.Objective: To analyze and assess the drug prescription patterns and errors in elderly outpatients attending public health care centers in Mexico City, Mexico.Materials and methods: A descriptive and retrospective study was conducted in 2007. Fourteen hundred prescriptions were analyzed. Prescriptions of ambulatory adults aged >70 years who were residents of Mexico City for at least two years were included. Prescription errors were divided into two groups: (1 administrative and legal, and (2 pharmacotherapeutic. In group 2, we analyzed drug dose strength, administration route, frequency of drug administration, treatment length, potential drug–drug interactions, and contraindications. Variables were classified as correct or incorrect based on clinical literature. Variables for each drug were dichotomized as correct (0 or incorrect (1. A Prescription Index (PI was calculated by considering each drug on the prescription. SPSS statistical software was used to process the collected data (95% confidence interval; p < 0.05.Results: The drug prescription pattern in elderly outpatients shows that 12 drugs account for 70.72% (2880 of prescribed drugs. The most prescribed drugs presented potential pharmacotherapeutic errors (as defined in the present study. Acetylsalicylic acid–captopril was the most common potential interaction (not clinically assessed. Potential prescription error was high (53% of total prescriptions. Most

  2. Prevalence and risk factors of Hepatitis C among individuals presenting to HIV testing centers, Hawassa city, Southern Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sisay Zufan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hepatitis C virus (HCV, either alone or in combination with Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV, constitutes a major public health concern. This study was conducted to describe the prevalence and risk factors for HCV infection in people with and without HIV infection. Methods Blood samples and data on socio-demographic and risk factors for HCV infection were collected from consecutive 400 HIV- positive and 400 HIV- negative individuals attending HIV testing centers in Hawassa city, from October to December, 2008. All sera were tested for antibody to HCV infection (anti-HCV using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. Sera positive for anti-HCV were further tested for viral ribonucleic acid (RNA levels using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results The rate of anti-HCV positivity was 10.5% in the HIV- infected individuals compared with 6% in the HIV negative group (p = 0.002. HCV-RNA was detected in 9.1% of anti-HCV positive samples and rates were comparable between HIV- infected and HIV- non-infected individuals. There was no significant difference in odds of HCV infection in participants with and without HCV risk factors in either HIV sero-group. Conclusion HIV infected individuals had significantly higher rate of anti-HCV although most of them showed no evidence of viraemia. Hence, while priority should be given for HIV infected patients, testing those with anti-HCV for HCV-RNA remains important.

  3. Investigation of Direct Causes of Drug Relapse and Abstainers' Demands in a Compulsive Detoxification Center in Wuhan City of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    To identify the direct causes of drug relapse and abstainers' demand,and to develop programs for the prevention of dmg relapse.Methods Abstainers in a Compulsive Detoxification Center in Wuhan City,capital of Hubei Province were randomly selected. An investigation on the direct causes of drug relapse and abstainers' demands was conducted with multiple-choice questionnaires and face to face interviews. Data were analyzed with SPSS 12.0.Results The direct causes leading to drug relapse included:temptation to use drug again by themselves or by their drug mates,seeking pleasure and ecstasy from drug use,relatively well off living,mental stress,irritation,demoralization,family conflicts,unemployment,feeling distrusted by the family,lack of care and love from the family,and discrimination by others.abstainers' demands after detoxification and returning to the society included:care and support from the family,employment assistance,changing living environment,understanding by others,support from the society,and keeping far away from drugs.Conclusions Environmental factors are the direct causes of drug relapse,and negative irritation is its predisposing causes. Leaving former residence,more care and help given by both the family and the society and raising their overall quality of life are the demands of abstainers.

  4. Stillbirth history and Toxoplasma gondii infection in women attending public health centers in a northern Mexican City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarado-Esquivel, C.; Pacheco-Vega, S. J.; Salcedo-Jaquez, M.; Sánchez-Anguiano, L. F.; Hernández-Tinoco, J.; Rábago-Sánchez, E.; Centeno-Tinoco, M. M.; Flores-Garcia, I. D.; Ramos-Nevarez, A.; Cerrillo-Soto, S. M.; Guido-Arreola, C. A.; Beristain-García, I.; Liesenfeld, O.; Berumen-Segovia, L. O.; Saenz-Soto, L.; Sifuentes-Álvarez, A.

    2015-01-01

    Through a cross-sectional study design, 150 women attending public health centers with a history of stillbirths were examined for anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG and IgM antibodies in Durango City, Mexico. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess the association of T. gondii seropositivity with the characteristics of the women with stillbirth history. Of the 150 women (mean age: 32.09 ± 9.16 years) studied, 14 (9.3%) had anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies and six (42.9%) of them were also positive for anti-T. gondii IgM antibodies. Multivariate analysis showed that T. gondii seropositivity was associated with high frequency (4–7 days a week) of eating meat (OR = 5.52; 95% CI: 1.48–20.59; P = 0.01), history of lymphadenopathy (OR = 4.52; 95% CI: 1.14–17.82; P = 0.03), and history of surgery (OR = 8.68; 95% CI: 1.04–72.15; P = 0.04). This is the first study on the seroepidemiology of T. gondii infection in women with a history of stillbirths in Mexico. The association of T. gondii exposure with a history of surgery warrants for further research. Risk factors for T. gondii infection found in the present survey may help to design optimal educational programs to avoid T. gondii infection. PMID:26185685

  5. Elizabeth II tervitas Briti ja Eesti sõjaväelasi / Allar Viivik, Katrin Rohtla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viivik, Allar

    2006-01-01

    Kuninganna Elizabeth II avas Eesti uue miinijahtija Admiral Cowani vapi ning kohtus Briti sõjalaeva Liverpool pardal Afganistanis võidelnud kaitseväelastega. Kuningannat saatis Eesti presidendipaar

  6. The Trail Inventory of Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge [Cycle 1

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all non-motorized trails on Elizabeth Alexandra Morton National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this...

  7. The Impact of the Feminist Heroine: Elizabeth in Pride and Prejudice

    OpenAIRE

    Chang, Hui-Chun

    2014-01-01

    This paper critically examines the feminist significance of Elizabeth Bennet, heroine of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice. The feminist view found in Pride and Prejudice is well-supported in literary criticism yet little discussion has focused on Elizabeth’s feminism as seen in the prominent contrast to her female foils within the novel, namely Caroline, Jane, and Charlotte. Each of these women conforms to the socially imposed gender norms of Regency England, while Elizabeth artfully challen...

  8. The Impact of Fast Food Employees’ Work Related Problems on Job and Life Satisfaction: A Research in City Center of Mersin

    OpenAIRE

    Ertaş, Arş. Grv. Çağdaş

    2015-01-01

    Work related problems of employees have influence over job satisfaction, even life satisfaction leading poor service quality. This study aims to identify challenges that employees face and the effect of these challenges on their job and life satisfaction in the fast-food businesses operating in the city center of Mersin. A questionnaire developed to collect data, was applied to employees of twenty four fast-food establishments in Mersin between 15 May and 15 August 2011 through drop-ball tech...

  9. Convention Centers, Part of our City of Hutchinson polygon building footprint layer, Published in 2006, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Hutchinson.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Convention Centers dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2006. It is described as 'Part...

  10. Experience of offering HIV rapid testing to at-risk patients in community health centers in eight Chinese cities.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dapeng Zhang

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of offering HIV counseling and testing in community health centers (CHCs and to provide evidence for the HIV/AIDS response in China. METHODS: Forty-two CHCs were selected from the eight cities that participated in the study. Rapid testing was mainly provided to: clients seeking HIV testing and counseling (HTC; outpatients with high-risk behavior of contracting HIV; inpatients and outpatients of key departments. Aggregate administrative data were collected in CHCs and general hospitals and differences between the two categories were compared. RESULTS: There were 23,609 patients who underwent HIV testing, accounting for 0.37% of all estimated clinic visits at the 42 sites (0.03%-4.35% by site. Overall, positive screening prevalence was 0.41% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.33%-0.49%, range 0.00%-0.98%, which is higher than in general hospitals (0.17%. The identification efficiency was 0.22% (95% CI: 0.16%-0.27% in pilot CHCs, 3.5 times higher than in general hospitals (0.06% (Chi square test = 95.196, p<0.001. The percentage of those receiving confirmatory tests among those who screened positive was slightly lower in CHCs (73.7% than in general hospitals (80.1% (Chi-square test = 17.472, p<0.001. Composition of clients mobilized for testing was consistent with the usage of basic public health and medical services in CHCs. The rate of patients testing HIV positive was higher among patients from key CHC departments (0.68% than among high-risk Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT clients (0.56%, those participating in outreach activities (0.41%, pregnant women (0.05%, and surgical patients (0.00%. CONCLUSION: This project demonstrates that providing HIV testing services for patients who exhibit high risk behavior has a high HIV case detection rate and that CHCs have the capacity to integrate HTC into routine work. It provides concrete evidence supporting the involvement of CHCs in the expansion of HIV

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2002, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, McIntosh Trail Regional Development Center.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2002. Data...

  12. The planned Shopping Center as a generator of a new develpmente city district: the example of Catuaí Shopping Center in Londrina O Shopping Center planejado, como gerador de um novo (sub centro de desenvolvimento: o exemplo do Catuaí Shopping Center de Londrina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Luiza Fava Grassiotto

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Dejan Sudjic (1999 considers shopping centers, modern airports and museums, as important reference marks of new urban landscape, “public” spaces, keys to contemporary cities definition. They are mega complexes that generate economic competition between cities, establishing their influence areas. Enterprises which concentrate populations, arise cultural interests that, independently of scale and without causing excessive development in cities, afford them structure, form and identity. This paper briefly characterizes the multifunctionality and the existing shopping center typologies, concentrating afterwards on the history of Catuaí Shopping Center and the dynamics of its evolutionary process. Matters such as the expansion of the surrounding and real property valorization, its power to attract investments and new activities, besides its performance as land use modifier, are mentioned. Finally, it is highlighted the role of the shopping center as an instrument of neighborhood progress, social transformation, and changing of behavior enabling, during its evolutionary process, the development of a characteristic city district and a new centrality.Dejan Sudjic (1999 considera os shopping centers, ao lado dos modernos aeroportos e museus, como importantes marcos de referência da nova paisagem urbana, espaços “públicos” chaves na definição da cidade contemporânea. São megacomplexos que geram competição econômica entre as cidades, estabelecendo suas áreas de influência. Empreendimentos concentradores de população, despertam interesses culturais, que independentemente da escala e sem causar o intenso crescimento das cidades, lhes dão estrutura, forma e identidade. Este texto, após uma breve caracterização da multifuncionalidade e das tipologias de shopping centers existentes, concentra-se na história do Catuaí Shopping Center de Londrina, e a dinâmica de seu processo evolutivo. Questões como: a expansão e valoriza

  13. Revitalizing an Urban Community College Women's Resource Center: Kingsborough Community College--The City University of New York.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Estelle

    This article describes the creation, administration, and services of an urban community college women's center. Information is provided on the center's advisory board charged with broadening the base of support, advising on policy formation, long-term planning, and program development. Strategies utilized to promote the center (e.g., publications,…

  14. A Comparison of Lu You’s Phoenix Hairpin and Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s Sonnets from the Portuguese (43)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷华

    2010-01-01

    Both Lu You and Elizabeth Barrett Browning enjoy great popularity as a poet.In this paper I compare and contract Lu You’s well-known love ci-poem Phoenix Hairpin with Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s famous Sonnets from the Portuguese (43) in respect of theme,style,and way of expression.

  15. Fixing missing links in shopping routes: Reflections on intra-urban borders and city center redevelopment in Nijmegen, the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spierings, B.

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the fixing of missing links in shopping routes and puts redevelopment strategies for Dutch city centres in the theoretical context of entrepreneurial urbanism. The aim is to scrutinize and critically reflect upon how collaborating local authorities, property developers, architect

  16. Evaluation of Developmental Delay in Infants Who Came in for 6th Month Vaccination in Isfahan City Health Centers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid YAGHINI

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite this Article: Yaghini O, Danesh F, Mahmoudian T, Beigi B. Evaluation of Developmental Delay in Infants Who Came in for 6th Month Vaccination in Isfahan City Health Centers. Iran J Child Neurol 2012;6(2: 29-32. Objective Developmental delay is one of the most common causes of conferring the pediatric neurologist. The main part of neurological growth and development occur in the first two years especially in the first 6 months of life. Metabolic or skeletal diseases are important causes of developmental delay. Early diagnosis of deviance from the normal diagram of development in lower ages is important. Materials & Methods Specific ages and stages questionnaires (ASQ for 6 months was completed in the health centers for 800 infants conferring for their vaccination in Isfahan and the retest was performed at 24 months of age by ASQ and then these two questionnaires were compared. Results 10.5% of the infants were delayed in at least one domain. At 24 months, 38.4% of them remained delayed; 21.1% in one domain, 9.6% in two domains, 3.8% in four domains and 3.8% in five domains. Of the children who had problem in communication, 20%; in gross motor, 25%; in fine motor, 20%; and in problem solving, 30% remained delayed. In the personal social domain, none of the delayed children at 6 months remained delayed at 24 months. Conclusion ASQ is feasible, inexpensive, easy to use and was appreciated by the parents. It can be used as a screening test for detection of developmental delay in lower ages, but its results must be followed by other standard tests or diagnostic tools.References Lewis R, Palfreg GS. The infant or young child with developmental delay. The New England J Med 1994;330:478-83.Cleary MA, Green A. Developmental Delay: when to suspect and how to investigate for an inborn error of metabolism. Arch Dis Child2005;90(11:1128-32.Schendel DE, Stockbauer JW, Hoffman HJ, Herman AA, Berg CJ, Schrann WF. Relation between very low birth

  17. Phytoremediation of a petroleum-hydrocarbon contaminated shallow aquifer in Elizabeth City, North Carolina, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Elizabeth Guthrie; Cook, Rachel L.; Landmeyer, James E.; Atkinson, Brad; Malone, Donald R.; Shaw, George; Woods, Leilani

    2014-01-01

    A former bulk fuel terminal in North Carolina is a groundwater phytoremediation demonstration site where 3,250 hybrid poplars, willows, and pine trees were planted from 2006 to 2008 over approximately 579,000 L of residual gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. Since 2011, the groundwater altitude is lower in the area with trees than outside the planted area. Soil-gas analyses showed a 95 percent mass loss for total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) and a 99 percent mass loss for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX). BTEX and methyl tert-butyl ether concentrations have decreased in groundwater. Interpolations of free-phase, fuel product gauging data show reduced thicknesses across the site and pooling of fuel product where poplar biomass is greatest. Isolated clusters of tree mortalities have persisted in areas with high TPH and BTEX mass. Toxicity assays showed impaired water use for willows and poplars exposed to the site's fuel product, but Populus survival was higher than the willows or pines on-site, even in a noncontaminated control area. All four Populus clones survived well at the site.

  18. Architectural design of the science complex at Elizabeth City State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahromi, Soheila

    1993-01-01

    This paper gives an overall view of the architectural design process and elements in taking an idea from conception to execution. The project presented is an example for this process. Once the need for a new structure is established, an architect studies the requirements, opinions and limits in creating a structure that people will exist in, move through, and use. Elements in designing a building include factors such as volume and surface, light and form changes of scale and view, movement and stasis. Some of the other factors are functions and physical conditions of construction. Based on experience, intuition, and boundaries, an architect will utilize all elements in creating a new building. In general, the design process begins with studying the spatial needs which develop into an architectural program. A comprehensive and accurate architectural program is essential for having a successful building. The most attractive building which does not meet the functional needs of its users has failed at the primary reason for its existence. To have a good program an architect must have a full understanding of the daily functions that will take place in the building. The architectural program along with site characteristics are among a few of the important guidelines in studying the form, adjacencies, and circulation for the structure itself and also in relation to the adjacent structures. Conceptual studies are part of the schematic design, which is the first milestone in the design process. The other reference points are design development and construction documents. At each milestone, review and coordination with all the consultants is established, and the user is essential in refining the project. In design development phase, conceptual diagrams take shape, and architectural, structural, mechanical, and electrical systems are developed. The final phase construction documents convey all the information required to construct the building. The design process and elements described were applied in the following project.

  19. MORANGE Marianne, La question du logement à Mandela-City (ex. Port Elizabeth)

    OpenAIRE

    Calas, Bernard

    2008-01-01

    Tirée d’une thèse soutenue à l’Institut Français d’Urbanisme, cet ouvrage aborde par le local une question centrale des évolutions métropolitaines en cours, aussi bien en Afrique que dans d’autres espaces du monde. Cependant, appliquée à l’Afrique du Sud où la politique du logement avait été l’une des clés de voûte… de la ville d’apartheid », le questionnement prend une dimension singulière. Il permet en outre de mesurer l’ampleur réelle de la rupture politique des années 1990, d’évaluer le s...

  20. 76 FR 54189 - Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia-Elizabeth City, NC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia... Association (``HRETA''), the licensee of noncommercial educational television station WHRO-TV, channel *16... license. There is presently a freeze on the filing of television allotment rulemaking petitions, but...

  1. 78 FR 16816 - Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia-Elizabeth City...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia..., North Carolina, and to modify its television station, WHRO-TV's license to specify Norfolk,...

  2. Measuring the electric energy services for the World Trade Center in Mexico city; Medicion de los servicios de energia electrica del World Trade Center de la ciudad de Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramirez Nunez, Humberto; Robledo Vera, Humberto [Luz y Fuerza del Centro, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1997-12-31

    In conforming the project of measuring the electric power for the World Trade Center of Mexico City, the use of top technology has been considered that in its field represents the application for the first time in our country the automatic reading of the electric energy meters. In this paper the network for the supply of electric power to the World Trade Center is described as well as the measuring systems of this building and mention is made of the characteristics of the system components and the advantages of remote reading. General data is provided on this collection of buildings, the connections in its tower and a feeding one line diagram of the tower itself [Espanol] En la conformacion del proyecto de medicion de la energia electrica para el edificio World Trade Center de la Ciudad de Mexico, se ha considerado el uso de tecnologia de punta que en su campo representa la aplicacion por primera vez en nuestro pais de la lectura automatica de medidores de energia electrica. En esta ponencia se describen la red de suministro al World Trade Center, los sistemas de medicion de este edificio y se mencionan las caracteristicas de los componentes del sistema y las ventajas de las lecturas remotas. Se proporciona datos generales sobre el conjunto de este edificio, las derivaciones en su torre y un diagrama unifilar de alimentacion de la torre del mismo

  3. Helen Mirren võitis Elizabeth II rolliga brittide Oscari / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Stephen Frearsi mängufilmis "Kuninganna" ("The Queen") kuninganna Elizabeth II kehastav Helen Mirren sai oma rolli eest parima naisnäitleja Bafta (Briti filmiakadeemia auhind). Linateos pälvis ka aasta parima filmi tiitli. Ka teistest võitjatest

  4. Elizabeth Boynton Harbert and the Woman Suffrage Movement, 1870-1896.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buechler, Steven M.

    1987-01-01

    The Woman Suffrage Movement experienced ideological changes so that earlier and later suffragists had different views. Elizabeth Boynton Harbert was one reformer who first criticized female socialization and the system of separate spheres. Later her views became more sentimental and she idealized the traditional role of women. (VM)

  5. Briti kuninganna Elizabeth II Eesti-visiidil lasub saladuseloor / Priit Rajalo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajalo, Priit, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 30. jaan. lk. 2-3. Buckinghami palee teatas 25. jaanuaril, et Briti kuninganna Elizabeth II tuleb koos oma abikaasa Edinburghi hertsogi prints Philipiga oktoobris riigivisiidile Eestisse, Lätti ja Leetu. Lisa: Kõrged külalised

  6. Book review: Elizabeth Leane, Reading Popular Physics: Disciplinary Skirmishes and Textual Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Bell, Alice

    2008-01-01

    Book review: Elizabeth Leane, Reading Popular Physics: Disciplinary Skirmishes and Textual Strategies (Hampshire: Ashgate, 2007). 208pp. ISBN 0 7546 5850 3. US$99.95, #50.00, DOI Science Communication--> , Imperial College--> , London--> - UNITED KINGDOM (Bell, Alice) UNITED KINGDOM

  7. A Sense of Themselves: Elizabeth Murray's Leadership in School and Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Carol E.

    This biography profiles the late Elizabeth (Betty) Murray, an educator and community leader from Tatamagouche, Nova Scotia (Canada). Chapter 1 looks at Murray's leadership skills as, at age 77, she prepared and directed her annual musical in which the people of Tatamagouche recreate a significant moment in their village history. Chapter 2 moves…

  8. Frequency of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Individuals Referred to the Medical Center Laboratories in Nahavand City, Hamadan Province, Western Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Haghighi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs cause serious public health problem in the world, especially those located in tropical and subtropical areas. This study was conducted with the aim of obtaining frequency of intestinal parasites in referred people to the Nahavand city laboratories, Hamadan province, western Iran.Materials and Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among checkup individuals and patients referred to laboratories of Nahavand County. A total of 371 stool samples (150 from checkup individuals and 221 from patients were selected by using systematic random sampling during summer 2014.  The stool specimens were examined macroscopically, and microscopically by using direct slide smear (saline wet mount and lugol staining, formaldehyde - diethyl ether concentration, trichrome staining and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining techniques. The results were analyzed using SPSS version 16 and Chi-square test.Results: Ninety two patients (24.8% were infected with single or multiple intestinal parasites. The overall prevalence of IPIs in checkup individuals and patients was 21.3% and 27.1%, respectively. The frequency of the observed intestinal parasites was: Blastocystis spp. 72 (19.4%, Entamoeba coli 7 (1/9%, Endolimax nana 7 (1/9%, Giardia lamblia 5 (1/3%, Cryptosporidium spp. 3 (0.8%, Entamoeba hartmanni 3 (0.8%, Entamoeba histolitica/E. dispar 1 (0.3%, Trichomonas hominies 1 (0.3%, Chilomastix mesnili 1 (0.3%, Iodamoeba butschlii 1 (0.3% and Enterobius vermicularis egg l (0.3%.Conclusion: The proportion of observed protozoan parasites 91 (24.5% is higher than helminthes infection 1 (0.3%. The worm infections in Nahavand city was dramatically decreased over the past decades, induced increases in public health at the community level.  Blastocystis spp. was the predominant intestinal parasite in people referred to the Nahavand city laboratories.  Proportion of pathogenic IPIs among patients 4.07% (9 of 221 was

  9. Evaluating the impact and risk of pluvial flash flood on intra-urban road network: A case study in the city center of Shanghai, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Jie; Yu, Dapeng; Yin, Zhane; Liu, Min; He, Qing

    2016-06-01

    Urban pluvial flood are attracting growing public concern due to rising intense precipitation and increasing consequences. Accurate risk assessment is critical to an efficient urban pluvial flood management, particularly in transportation sector. This paper describes an integrated methodology, which initially makes use of high resolution 2D inundation modeling and flood depth-dependent measure to evaluate the potential impact and risk of pluvial flash flood on road network in the city center of Shanghai, China. Intensity-Duration-Frequency relationships of Shanghai rainstorm and Chicago Design Storm are combined to generate ensemble rainfall scenarios. A hydrodynamic model (FloodMap-HydroInundation2D) is used to simulate overland flow and flood inundation for each scenario. Furthermore, road impact and risk assessment are respectively conducted by a new proposed algorithm and proxy. Results suggest that the flood response is a function of spatio-temporal distribution of precipitation and local characteristics (i.e. drainage and topography), and pluvial flash flood is found to lead to proportionate but nonlinear impact on intra-urban road inundation risk. The approach tested here would provide more detailed flood information for smart management of urban street network and may be applied to other big cities where road flood risk is evolving in the context of climate change and urbanization.

  10. Strengthening Screening for HIV, Hepatitis C, and STIs: An Innovative Partnership Between the Health Department and Community Health Centers in New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terranova, Elizabeth; Tsoi, Benjamin; Laraque, Fabienne; Washburn, Kate; Fuld, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    In New York City, federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) are ideal partners for health departments because of their location in neighborhoods with high rates of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, and gonorrhea. Providers have experienced many barriers to following screening and treatment recommendations. In 2013, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene partnered with six FQHCs, representing 14 clinics, to make screening for HIV and HCV routine and increase adherence to gonorrhea treatment guidelines through education, electronic health record modification, and progress tracking. After one year, 12 of 14 clinics documented improvement in their HIV offer rate, and 11 clinics documented improvement in their HIV screening rate. Patients who were offered HIV screening increased from 26% at baseline to 56% at follow-up, and patients screened for HIV increased from 25% at baseline to 38% at follow-up. Most clinics improved their HIV screening rate, and progress suggests that local health departments can help FQHCs increase their HIV screening rates.

  11. Knowledge level of primary care physicians who works in Denizli city center and interns in Pamukkale University medical faculty about alzheimer disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Ergin

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM: Many communities in the world are rapidly ageing, with aging dementia seen in the elderly, incidence and prevalence of Alzheimer and #8217;s disease which is the most common cause of dementia is also increasing. Therefore, primary care physicians will need to play a more significant role on the diagnosis and management of Alzheimer diseases in near future. The aim of this study was to determine the level of awareness on Alzheimers disease among primary care physicians who works in Denizli city center and interns in the Medical Faculty in Pamukkale University. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on primary care physicians who works in Denizli city center and interns in the Medical Faculty in Pamukkale University. 93 (60.4% family physicians and 65 (89.0% interns, a total of 158 (69.6% people participated in the study. The University of Alabama Alzheimers Disease Knowledge Test which consists of 12 questions was used to determine Alzheimers disease knowledge score. Data are evaluated by descriptive statistics, and either Mann-Whitney U test or Kruskal-Wallis test was used to determine the statistical differences between numeric variables. RESULTS: The mean of Alzheimers disease knowledge score of family physicians and interns were 5.16+/-1.83 and 7.34+/-1.85, respectively (p <0.001. Interns who previously took any course on Alzheimers disease had a higher average score of 8.41+/-1.67 than that of those who did not take any course 5.07+/-1.95, (p=0.04. Previous course among family physicians did not make any difference (p=0.568. CONCLUSION: Alzheimers disease knowledge among primary care physicians and interns is insufficient. Authorities should take the necessary actions to improve this situatio [TAF Prev Med Bull 2015; 14(2.000: 131-136

  12. Number Theory : A Seminar held at the Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New York

    CERN Document Server

    Chudnovsky, Gregory; Cohn, Harvey; Nathanson, Melvyn

    1989-01-01

    The New York Number Theory Seminar was organized in 1982 to provide a forum for the presentation and discussion of recent advances in higher arithmetic and its applications. Papers included in this volume are based on the lectures presented by their authors at the Seminar at the Graduate Center of C.U.N.Y. in 1985-88. Papers in the volume cover a wide spectrum of number theoretic topics ranging from additive number theory and diophantine approximations to algebraic number theory and relations with algebraic geometry and topology.

  13. The Generic Structure of Print Advertisement of Elizabeth Arden’s INTERVENE: A Multimodal Discourse Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Aylanda Dwi Nugroho

    2009-01-01

    The Elizabeth Arden campaign with Catherine Zeta-Jones as the brand ambassador has deployed the semiotic resources of language and visual images. The analysis of this paper is based on the systemic functional linguistics (SFL) proposed by Halliday (1985, 1994) and Halliday and Matthiessen (2004), which says that a text is understood to simultaneously function three metafunctions: Ideational, Interpersonal and Textual. O’Toole’s (1994) framework of analysing visual images, which follows the ma...

  14. Chasing Eliza: Shifting and Static Women in Elizabeth Craven's The Miniature Picture

    OpenAIRE

    Heather A. Ladd

    2016-01-01

    Georgian actress and author Mary Robinson famously wore a miniature portrait of her royal lover, the Prince of Wales, whom she captivated in the Shakespearean breaches role of Perdita. Intriguingly, Robinson’s final stage appearance was as the cross-dressing heroine of The Miniature Picture (1781), a three-act comedy penned by writer and socialite Lady Elizabeth Craven, later Baroness Craven and Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach. The play’s action, initiated by the threat of exposure, is driv...

  15. Does it Pay to do Well in Competitions? The case of the Queen Elizabeth Piano Competition

    OpenAIRE

    Ginsburgh, V.; van Ours, J.C.

    2001-01-01

    Pianists who achieve high scores in the Queen Elizabeth musical competition are rewarded by subsequent success.It is not clear whether this is caused by the score itself or because those who have high scores are better pianists anyway. Since the timing and the order of appearance are good instrumental variables for the nal ranking, our data on eleven subsequent competitions make it possible to distinguish between the two alternative explanations.We find that high scores have an impact on late...

  16. Personality Traits and Their Relationship to Demographic Features in Addicts Referring to a Drug Rehabilitation Center in the City of Isfahan, Iran.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamed Alaghemandan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Addiction is one of the most serious social damages and due to its progressive nature in all aspects, adversely affects people's physical and psychological health. Hence, this paper investigates the characteristics of drug addicts in a drug rehabilitation center in the city of Isfahan.In this cross-sectional study conducted in 2012, the population consisted of all addicts that referred to Shefa Drug Rehabilitation Center. A sample of 201 individuals was selected randomly. Two questionnaires were drawn up to collect data; the first questionnaire examined demographic characteristics and the second was the 71-item Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory short form. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test and Kruskal-Wallis test were used in SPSS20 to analyze the data.Overall, 98% of participants were men, 65.7% were married, and 13.3% were unemployed. Depression and hypomania were respectively the most and the least prevalent disorders among individuals with high-risk psychological profiles of clinical scales respectively. Psychopathic deviation and schizophrenia were seen among the unemployed more than the employed ones.Considering the fact that depression was the most common personality disorder among the addicts participating, it is recommended that this disorder be given priority in investigations in the treatment programs of these patients. In addition, the scales of disorder, schizophrenia, mental infirmity, mental deviation, and paranoia had a significant relationship to aggression, delirium and hallucination, which must be taken into consideration in the treatment of such patients.

  17. Frequency of fall-related injuries of female patients referred to the trauma center in the city of Kashan from years 2005 to 2008

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mansour Sayyah; Gholamreza Khosravi; Manzardokht Bigdeli

    2013-01-01

    Objective:Falls are one of the life events leading to injury and in serious cases cause high morbidity and mortality.This research was conducted to determine the fall incidence among female population of Kashan city from the years 2005 to 2008.Methods:This was a retrospective research using existing data from the data bank of trauma center of Kashan University of Medical Sciences.Records of all the female patients treated at local hospitals with complete hospitalisation kept at the center were examined for 4 consecutive years from 2005 to 2008.Results:A total of 2 094 female patients' records were examined.A significantly higher incidence of injuy occurred in 2008 compared to 2005 (P<0.0001).In addition,the highest frequency of injury occurred in age group above 65 years (31.9%)and in group with elementary education level (42.8%).Conclusion:The results showed that fall incidences occurred in the old age group above 65 years.Fall injuries at this age may cause disability.Therefore,preventive measures should be taken,such as increasing the awareness of the aging population about the seriousness of fall incidence and encouraging the aged individuals to get involved in fitness program to remain physical fit and healthy.

  18. [Family Health Support Centers: challenges and opportunities from the perspective of primary care professionals in the city of São Paulo, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Andréa Tenório Correia da; Aguiar, Márcia Ernani de; Winck, Kelly; Rodrigues, Karen Gonzaga Walter; Sato, Mariana Eri; Grisi, Sandra Josefina Ferraz Ellero; Brentani, Alexandra; Rios, Izabel Cristina

    2012-11-01

    Family Health Support Centers (NASF) were created in Brazil to increase the case-resolution capacity of primary healthcare. Prior to their implementation in the West Side of the city of São Paulo, Brazil, a series of workshops were held for primary healthcare professionals to prepare a proposal for such centers. Hermeneutic analysis was used to study the transcribed material. The thematic categories were: role, constitution, and functioning of the NASF, relationship with family health teams, and interdisciplinarity. The participants' expected the NASF to be an empowering device for comprehensiveness of care, intervening in an existing culture of unnecessary referrals while fostering linkage with other levels of care. The participants also expected the NASF to contribute to the discussion on health professionals' training and stimulating reflection with policymakers on health indicators based exclusively on the number of consultations. These indicators fail to reflect the impact on the services' activities and the quality of care offered to the population in the coverage area. PMID:23147949

  19. Frequency of fall-related injuries of female patients referred to the trauma center in the city of Kashan from years 2005 to 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayyah Mansour

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】 Objective: Falls are one of the life events leading to injury and in serious cases cause high morbidity and mortality. This research was conducted to determine the fall incidence among female population of Kashan city from the years 2005 to 2008. Methods: This was a retrospective research using existing data from the data bank of trauma center of Kashan University of Medical Sciences. Records of all the female patients treated at local hospitals with complete hospitalisation kept at the center were examined for 4 con-secutive years from 2005 to 2008. Results: A total of 2 094 female patients’ records were examined. A significantly higher incidence of injuy occurred in 2008 compared to 2005 (P<0.0001. In addition, the highest frequency of injury occurred in age group above 65 years (31.9% and in group with elementary education level (42.8%. Conclusion: The results showed that fall incidences occurred in the old age group above 65 years. Fall injuries at this age may cause disability. Therefore, preventive mea-sures should be taken, such as increasing the awareness of the aging population about the seriousness of fall incidence and encouraging the aged individuals to get involved in fitness program to remain physical fit and healthy. Key words: Accidental falls; Wounds and injuries; Female

  20. On the Contrastive Study of Political Policies between Elizabeth I and Empress Wu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Hui; MAO Hai-yan

    2013-01-01

    Elizabeth I and Empress Wu, the former was the last queen of Tudor Dynasty in England and the latter was an empress who had crowned herself as the regent of Tang Dynasty. The two female monarchs had many similarities. First, in terms of cultur-al policies, both implemented moderately flexible policies, which promoted cultural development. Second, in terms of heir prob-lem, both did not determine their successors until old age so as that their heirs to the throne would not threaten their own politi-cal status. Third, in terms of religion, both implemented religious tolerance policies, which helped avoid social unrest and strengthened centralization of authority. However, due to different historical era and environment where the two female mon-archs lived, there still exist many differences between their policies. First, in matters of economy, Elizabeth I adopted mercantilist policies, while Empress Wu took agriculture into serious consideration and scorned commerce and trade. Second, in matters of military policies, under the leadership of Elizabeth I, the war between England and Spain took very long time and suffered tre-mendous losses, while Empress Wu was more successful in solving the border problem of her country.

  1. The Study of Frequency of Intestinal Protozoa and Related Demographic Factors among Mothers Visiting Health Care Centers of Hamadan city, during 2013-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Asadi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Nowadays, parasitic infections are a major health problem throughout the world, particularly in developing countries. Considering the crucial role of women in fam-ily health care, this study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated demographic fac-tors of intestinal parasitic infections in mothers visiting urban and rural health care centers of Hamadan city. Materials & Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 253 (128 rural and 125 ur-ban mothers visiting urban and rural health care centers of Hamadan. After receiving in-formed consent and filling the questionnaire, stool samples were examined by formalin-ether concentration technique, trichrome and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining methods. The results were analyzed using Chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests. Results: Of the 253 mothers studied, 52 (20.55% were infected with intestinal protozoa. The infection rate in urban and rural inhabitants was 14.4% and 26.56%, respectively (P=0.02. Blastocystis hominis was the most frequently detected parasite with prevalence of 14.62%, followed by Entamoeba coli with 5.92%. Moreover, Giardia lamblia was found only in 0.79% of mothers. There were significant relationships between parasitic infections and contact to animals, level of education, location, method of washing vegetables and occupation. Conclusion: The results of the present study showed a high prevalence of parasitic infections in mothers living in rural areas compared to urban inhabitants. Therefore, it is necessary to pro-mote the public health awareness of rural population to reduce the frequency of parasitic in-fections. (Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2015; 22 (3: 187-194

  2. Knowledge attitude and practice of practitioners and midwives working at health centers of main cities of Mazandaran province about emergency contraception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Jamali

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background and purpose: Emergency contraception is a method which used after unprotected intercourse and declines the rate of unintended pregnancy. In spite of efficacy and safty of this method, its rate of use is low. Major obstacle of regular use of this method is insufficient information of the health care providers, which in turn, causes low prescription of this method and consequently insatiable practice.Materials and Methods: This research is a correlative study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of practitioners and midwives working in health centers of the main cities of Mazandaran province about contraception. In this research 150 research units were selected using a multiple sampling method A questionnair was used for data, collection, completed by experienced persons who at health centers. To analyze the data descriptive statistics and c2, T-test, regression analysis and correlation were used.Results: The results showed that the level of knowledge of subjects were : 35/5% good, 38% medium and 26% poor. Negative correlation was seen between knowledge and age and job background but no correlation between knowledge and other factors. Also most of the subject’ had a positive attitude toward emergency contraception (60.7% and 39.3% of them had a negative attitude about this method. 54.4% of subject’ had a good practice and 45.6 % had a bad practice. Practice showed a statistical correlation with gender and job however there was no was correlation between practice and other factors.Conclusion: Data indicated the necessity of regular retraining courses or workshops on family planning spechially about emergency contraception to increase knowledge of research units about this method.

  3. J. M. Coetzee’s unsettling portrayals of Elizabeth Costello = Os retratos vexatórios de J. M. Coetzee sobre Elizabeth Costello

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Giovannelli

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the vexed question of animal and human rights byfocusing on Coetzee’s ‘trilogy’ connected with Elizabeth Costello’s lecturing and experiencing, from her anti-Cartesian stances and sympathetic imagination advocated in The lives of animals, through the eight lessons which she frantically goes over and delivers like a ‘circus seal’, or even happens to be taught (in Elizabeth Costello, up to Slow man, where she turns into the waspish, vulpine ‘Costello woman’ preying on tortoise-like Paul Rayment. As such a debasing hybridization may already suggest, the committed intellectual shall lose track of her formerly heated debates on animals as ‘embodied souls’ and divinely created beings to be held in great respect, to enter a region of ethical ambivalence where biological and axiological boundaries are deviously blurred. Textual evidence andcommentaries on Coetzee’s fictional world and thematic concerns are provided to single out the stages of this unsettling metamorphosis, a process through which Costello wavers between Franciscan self-effacement and dictatorial omniscience. In the upshot, the striving after a recognition of animal dignity is seemingly supplanted by a debasement of the human person into a pet or a beast, as though she had lost herself in a labyrinth of fumbling speculation.O problema vexatório sobre os direitos dos animais e das pessoas é analisado pela trilogia de Coetzee, ou seja, a partir das conferências e das experiências de Elizabeth Costello, nas quais propõe sua posição anticartesiana e sua imaginação simpatética defendida em The lives of animals, versando sobre as oito aulas que ela ministra como ‘uma foca circense’ ou até quando é tutelada (em Elizabeth Costello, até Slow man, onde se transforma na ‘fêmeaCostello’, uma loba que age como predadora junto ao lento Paul Rayment. Como a hibridização acima mencionada pode sugerir, o intelectual pode se esquecer dos

  4. The Concordance between Myocardial Perfusion Imaging and Coronary Angiography in Detecting Coronary Artery Disease: A Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Cardiac Center at King Abdullah Medical City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aboul-Enein, Fatma; Alharthi, Hail T.

    2016-01-01

    Background. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is considered as the leading cause of the cardiovascular fatalities worldwide. CAD is diagnosed by many modalities of imaging such as myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and coronary angiography (CAG). Methods. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted that included all patients referred to the KAMC (King Abdullah Medical City) nuclear cardiology lab from its opening until the end of May 2014 (a period of 17 months). A total of 228 patient reports with a history of conducting either CAG or MPI or both were used in this study and statistically analyzed. Results. An analysis of the MPI results revealed that 78.5% of the samples were abnormal. On the other hand, 26.75% of the samples revealed that they were subjected to CAG and MPI. There was a significant and fair agreement between MPI and CAG by using all the agreement coefficients (kappa = 0.237, phi = 0.310, and P value = 0.043). The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of MPI with reference to CAG were 97.8%, 20%, and 78.69%, respectively. In addition, positive predictive and negative predictive values were 78.95% and 75%, respectively. Conclusion. In a tertiary referral center, there was a significant agreement between MPI and CAG and a high accuracy of MPI. MPI was a noninvasive diagnostic test that could be used as a gatekeeper for CAG. PMID:27429833

  5. On-road measurements of NMVOCs and NOx: Determination of light-duty vehicles emission factors from tunnel studies in Brussels city center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ait-Helal, W.; Beeldens, A.; Boonen, E.; Borbon, A.; Boréave, A.; Cazaunau, M.; Chen, H.; Daële, V.; Dupart, Y.; Gaimoz, C.; Gallus, M.; George, C.; Grand, N.; Grosselin, B.; Herrmann, H.; Ifang, S.; Kurtenbach, R.; Maille, M.; Marjanovic, I.; Mellouki, A.; Miet, K.; Mothes, F.; Poulain, L.; Rabe, R.; Zapf, P.; Kleffmann, J.; Doussin, J.-F.

    2015-12-01

    Emission factors (EFs) of pollutants emitted by light-duty vehicles (LDV) were investigated in the Leopold II tunnel in Brussels city center (Belgium), in September 2011 and in January 2013, respectively. Two sampling sites were housing the instruments for the measurements of a large range of air pollutants, including non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon dioxide (CO2). The NMVOCs and NOx traffic EFs for LDV were determined from their correlation with CO2 using a single point analysis method. The emission factor of NOx is (544 ± 199) mg vehicle-1 km-1; NMVOCs emission factors vary from (0.26 ± 0.09) mg vehicle-1 km-1 for cis-but-2-ene to (8.11 ± 2.71) mg vehicle-1 km-1 for toluene. Good agreement is observed between the EFs determined in the Leopold II tunnel and the most recent EFs determined in another European roadway tunnel in 2004, with only a slight decrease of the EFs during the last decade. An historical perspective is provided and the observed trend in the NMVOCs emission factors reflect changes in the car fleet composition, the fuels and/or the engine technology that have occurred within the last three decades in Europe.

  6. Lingering 'on the borderland': the meanings of home in Elizabeth Gaskell's fiction

    OpenAIRE

    Lambert, Carolyn Shelagh

    2012-01-01

    This thesis explores the meanings of home in Elizabeth Gaskell’s fiction. I argue that there are five components to Gaskell’s fictional iteration of homes, each of which is explored in the chapters of this thesis. I analyse the ways in which Gaskell challenges the nineteenth-century cultural construct of the home as a domestic sanctuary offering protection from the strains and stresses of the external world. Gaskell’s fictional homes frequently fail to provide a place of safety. Even the arch...

  7. A Simple Analysis of Elizabeth and Darcy’s Marriage in Pride and Prejudice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUA Xiao-yan

    2014-01-01

    Marriage is the main idea of Jane Austen’s novels. The novel reflects the ideal marriage views by describing several dif-ferent marriages. It reveals a real marriage should be based on love, actual need, morality and equality. It creates a contrast between a successful marriage and an unsuccessful one. Elizabeth and Darcy’s marriage is considered as a successful one. In fact it embodies the author’s own concept of marriage, it is a fault to get married for only money and social status, but it is also foolish without thinking of these factors.

  8. Saverio Tomaiuolo, In Lady Audley’s Shadow: Mary Elizabeth Braddon and Victorian Literary Genres

    OpenAIRE

    Talairach-Vielmas, Laurence

    2013-01-01

    Saverio Tomaiuolo’s In Lady Audley’s Shadow: Mary Elizabeth Braddon and Victorian Literary Genres is a fairly recent study of the literary career of one of the most renowned Victorian writers of sensation novels. The book opens with the story of Edward Bulwer Lytton’s wife, Rosina Wheeler, who was wrongly incarcerated in a lunatic asylum in 1858. This sensational case inspired many a sensation novel of the 1860s, typifying the way in which the sensation novel borrowed from real life, subversi...

  9. The Flickering Global City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Slater

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article explores new dimensions of the global city in light of the correlation between hegemonic transition and the prominence of financial centers. It counterposes Braudel’s historical sequence of dominant cities to extant approaches in the literature, shifting the emphasis from a convergence of form and function to variations in history and structure. The marked increase of finance in the composition of London, New York and Tokyo has paralleled each city’s occupation of a distinct niche in world financial markets: London is the principal center of currency exchange, New York is the primary equities market, and Tokyo is the leader in international banking. This division expresses the progression of world-economies since the nineteenth century and unfolds in the context of the present hegemonic transition. By combining world-historical and city-centered approaches, the article seeks to reframe the global city and overcome the limits inherent in the paradigm of globalization.

  10. Study of the Migration Economy Gravity Center in Jinhua City Based on GIS%基于GIS的经济重心迁移研究——以金华市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明霞; 陈雄

    2012-01-01

    The paper using GIS technology,based on the meaning of the concept of gravity and economy gravity center,analyzing the technical route of migration research of gravity center.Based on economy gravity center model,this paper makes emphases on the study of the characteristics of the migration of economy gravity center from 1999 to 2008 in Jinhua city.At last,based on view of the system of administrative division,analyzes why the economy gravity center migrated.The results show that the economy gravity center approaches the geometry center in Jinhua city,the trend that economy gravity center moves from west to east is obvious,and the migration orbit of economy gravity center demonstrates certain fluctuation.%在GIS技术支持下,对重心及经济重心概念的理解上,分析了经济重心的技术路线,并通过经济重心模型的应用,着重对1999~2008年金华市经济重心迁移特征进行研究,最后基于行政区划体制的视角分析了经济重心迁移的原因。结果显示,金华市的经济重心总体接近几何中心,经济重心自西向东方向迁移的趋势明显,经济重心移动轨迹呈现出一定的曲折和波动。

  11. A lithostratigraphic geo-archaeological 3D model of the subsurface of a medieval mound in the city center of Vlaardingen (The Netherlands).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roozen, Stan; Kluiving, Sjoerd; Soetens, Steven

    2013-04-01

    GSI3D modeling for archaeology A lithostratigraphic geo-archaeological 3D model of the subsurface of a medieval mound in the city center of Vlaardingen (The Netherlands). EGU 2013 Vienna Stan Roozen (UvA), Sjoerd Kluiving (VU), Steven Soetens (VU) In the medieval mound in the city centre of Vlaardingen, in the Netherlands , archaeological material is remarkably well preserved. It is remarkable because this elevated location has a high degree of humidity, which must remain intact to sustain the favourable conditions of the archaeology. For that reason, the centre of the city was cored when and where possible, and subsequently its archaeology and lithostratigraphy was modelled in 3D. In this presentation we demonstrate the difficulties and methodological restraints in 3D modelling to come to a workable method and future prospects. The municipality of Vlaardingen lies north of the Nieuwe Maas in the province of Zuid Holland close to the coast. It is one of the oldest Dutch urban areas known in Holland. The project makes use of coring (n=72), cone penetration test (n=127), C-dating, archaeological and paleogeographic data in order to create interpretative profiles containing both archaeological and lithostratigraphic layers in the mound and its broader context. With the available university's licence of ArcGIS 3D modeling is possible (ArcScene), but it is not an efficient subsurface software, while most ideal 3D software for such project (such as i.e. Petrol, GoCAD, Rockworks) are beyond archaeological budgetary limits. The most ideal software in our context was GSI3D (a software provided by the British Geological survey). Though it strictly is not a 3D model software (there are no 3D interpolation algorithms), it has the advantage that the user can interfere directly in the interpolation by using the profiles as a framework and by defining the extent of each layer. The following methodology is applied: • Based on depth information of coring and cone penetration

  12. Gender, culture, and astrophysical fieldwork: Elizabeth Campbell and the Lick Observatory-Crocker eclipse expeditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, A. S.-K.

    The article is organized as follows. It begins with an overview of women in nineteenth-century American science. It then describes the culture of mountaintop observatories and life on Mount Hamilton. Elizabeth Campbell's unique role in the Crocker-Lick expeditions drew upon her equally unique role in the observatory, and also on the meaning given to women's work in general on the mountain. The bulk of the article focuses on the Campbells and their expeditions to India in 1898, Spain in 1905, and the South Pacific in 1908. The third section compares the Lick Observatory expeditions to those conducted by David Todd of Amherst College. Todd's wife, Mabel Loomis Todd, went into the field several times with her husband, but her place in the field was radically different from Elizabeth Campbell's, a difference that can be ascribed to a combination of local culture and personality. Finally, it compares American expeditions to British expeditions of the period, to see what the absence of British women on expeditions can tell us about the way national scientific styles and cultures affected gender roles in science.

  13. Research on Digital City Construction Based on Cloud Computing Data Center%基于云计算数据中心的数字化城市建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于鹏洲

    2014-01-01

    通过对数字化城市和云计算技术的探讨,提出在数字化城市建设中应用云计算技术的必要性,并构建了基于云计算数据中心的数字化城市建设体系结构。从政府服务、公共安全服务、教育服务以及交通医疗服务等方面对云计算技术在数字化城市建设中的应用进行分析,表明在数字化城市建设中应用云计算技术对提高城市的整体信息化水平具有十分重要的意义。%This paper put forward the necessity of application of cloud computing in digital city construction through the discussed of cloud computing and digital city,and build the digital city construction architecture based on cloud computing data center.This paper analysis the application of cloud computing tecnology in digital city from government services,public safety services,education services,transportation and medical services and so on,and it shows application of cloud computing in digital city construction to improve the city’s information level has great significance.

  14. Shopping Mall: Konsumtempel oder neuer ‚Frauenraum‘ im Zentrum der Stadt? The Shopping Mall: Temple of Consumerism or the New “Women’s Space” in the City Center?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie Bock

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Die in den USA entstandene Shopping Mall ist aus den europäischen Stadtzentren nicht mehr wegzudenken. Kerstin Dörhöfer geht in ihrem Buch an ausgewählten Berliner Beispielen der Frage nach der Wirkung dieser vermeintlich homogenen baulichen ‚Monolithen‘ auf urbane Kultur und vor allem auf die Geschlechterverhältnisse nach. Die allmähliche Eroberung der Innenstädte durch die Shopping Mall ist – so das Fazit der lesenswerten Arbeit – kein Ausdruck einer verstärkten Teilhabe von Frauen am städtischen Leben. Vielmehr konterkariert der neue Innenraum im öffentlichen Stadtraum die mit Urbanität verbundene Vorstellung einer Aneignung städtischen Raums.We can no longer imagine European city centers without those shopping malls originating from the USA. Using select examples from Berlin, Kerstin Dörhöfer questions the effect of these supposedly homogenously built ‘monoliths’ on urban culture and especially on gender relations. The shopping mall’s gradual conquest of city centers—at least according to the conclusion of this well-worth reading work—is not an expression of the ever-strengthening share women have in city life. Instead, this central space within the public sphere of the city thwarts the urban-based belief in the appropriation of the city space.

  15. Passenger Transportation in Multi-Center City Shenzhen%深圳市多中心空间结构下的客运交通组织

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓琪; 郭莉; 杨涛

    2015-01-01

    Urban area in Shenzhen has gradually transformed from a belt shape within the original Special Economic Zone into an outward radial-shaped city in the past three decades, which, to some extent, devi-ates the original urban development plan that calls for a multi-center development pattern. By summarizing the experience and lessons-learned from the interactive urban land use and transportation infrastructure de-velopment in Shenzhen, this paper proposes transportation system for a multi-center spatial development. Focusing on national, regional and urban passenger terminals, the paper emphasizes that context-sensitive concept should be introduced to the distribution of passenger terminals, which can match the intended ur-ban functional designs. Transportation arterial corridors should be developed to fit the urban structure of“three axis and two belt”, providing flexibility for future urban development. Based on the multi-center development plan and travel demand forecasting, the paper outlines the six transportation zones with differ-ent population and employment measures, public transit development goal, travel demand management strategy, and etc.%过去30年,深圳城市空间逐渐由原特区内的带状组团拓展至现阶段的全境轴带梯度推进,并出现与城市规划期望的多中心组团化相背离的发展趋势。总结深圳市城市空间拓展与交通设施布局互动发展历程中的经验及教训,提出多中心组团化空间结构下的交通组织模式。强调结合城市不同功能中心布局客运枢纽,重点关注全国性、区域性、全市性三个层级的客运枢纽。依托城市“三轴两带”形成骨干交通走廊,为未来空间发展预留弹性空间。基于多中心组团化空间发展愿景以及规划预测出行分析,划分六大交通政策分区,并给出不同分区的居住人口、就业岗位等指标,公共交通发展目标,以及需求管理措施等发展指引。

  16. Elizabeth Jones Library, Final Performance Report for Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) Title VI, Library Literacy Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Valinda C.

    This final performance report for the Elizabeth Jones Library literacy project begins with a section that provides quantitative data. The next section compares actual accomplishments to the following project goals and related objectives for fiscal year 1992: (1) to provide a versatile workplace literacy program useful to any business in the…

  17. 75 FR 26793 - Beam Global Spirits & Wine, Including On-Site Leased Workers from Adecco, St. Elizabeth Business...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ... Employment and Training Administration Beam Global Spirits & Wine, Including On-Site Leased Workers from Adecco, St. Elizabeth Business Health, Guardsmark, and Lab Support, Cincinnati, OH; Amended Certification... Eligibility to apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance on March 26, 2010, applicable to workers of Beam...

  18. CHED Events: Salt Lake City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wink, Donald J.

    2009-03-01

    The Division of Chemical Education (CHED) Committee meetings planned for the Spring 2009 ACS Meeting in Salt Lake City will be in the Marriott City Center Hotel. Check the location of other CHED events, the CHED Social Event, the Undergraduate Program, Sci-Mix, etc. because many will be in the Salt Palace Convention Center.

  19. Annual and diurnal variations of gaseous and particulate pollutants in 31 provincial capital cities based on in situ air quality monitoring data from China National Environmental Monitoring Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Suping; Yu, Ye; Yin, Daiying; He, Jianjun; Liu, Na; Qu, Jianjun; Xiao, Jianhua

    2016-01-01

    Long-term air quality data with high temporal and spatial resolutions are needed to understand some important processes affecting the air quality and corresponding environmental and health effects. The annual and diurnal variations of each criteria pollutant including PM2.5 and PM10 (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm and 10 μm, respectively), CO (carbon monoxide), NO2 (nitrogen dioxide), SO2 (sulfur dioxide) and O3 (ozone) in 31 provincial capital cities between April 2014 and March 2015 were investigated by cluster analysis to evaluate current air pollution situations in China, and the cities were classified as severely, moderately, and slightly polluted cities according to the variations. The concentrations of air pollutants in winter months were significantly higher than those in other months with the exception of O3, and the cities with the highest CO and SO2 concentrations were located in northern China. The annual variation of PM2.5 concentrations in northern cities was bimodal with comparable peaks in October 2014 and January 2015, while that in southern China was unobvious with slightly high PM2.5 concentrations in winter months. The concentrations of particulate matter and trace gases from primary emissions (SO2 and CO) and NO2 were low in the afternoon (~16:00), while diurnal variation of O3 concentrations was opposite to that of other pollutants with the highest values in the afternoon. The most polluted cities were mainly located in North China Plain, while slightly polluted cities mostly focus on southern China and the cities with high altitude such as Lasa. This study provides a basis for the formulation of future urban air pollution control measures in China.

  20. Playing with Fire: Conflicting Subjects in Elizabeth Spencer’s The Night Travellers

    OpenAIRE

    Gérald Préher

    2012-01-01

    Dans son dernier roman en date, The Night Travellers (1991), initialement intitulé “The Lost Children”, Elizabeth Spencer s’intéresse à une période durant laquelle nombre d’Américains s’interrogeaient sur l’avenir de leur pays. Elle analyse les effets de la guerre du Vietnam sur les vies de Mary Kerr et Jefferson Blaise, tous deux natifs du Sud des États-Unis. Chacun d’eux entre en conflit avec l’ordre établi : Mary ne s’entend pas avec sa mère et Jefferson Blaise s’oppose à la guerre, notamm...

  1. Un perroquet peut en cacher un autre : Elizabeth Bowen, lectrice de Gustave Flaubert1

    OpenAIRE

    Juez, Brigitte Le

    2013-01-01

    Les grands écrivains anglo-irlandais nés dans la deuxième moitié du xixe siècle, comme Moore, Wilde, Yeats et Joyce, font partie de la génération admiratrice, voire disciple, de Flaubert, le percevant comme un artiste voué à un idéal littéraire, dont le talent stylistique constitue un apport nouveau. Au xxe siècle, il est généralement considéré comme l’un des grands maîtres du roman et tout lecteur cultivé se doit de bien connaître son œuvre. Elizabeth Bowen (1899-1973) avoue sans ambages son...

  2. Review: The New Woman International: Representations in Photography and Film from the 1870s through the 1960s edited by Elizabeth Otto and Vanessa Rocco

    OpenAIRE

    Gyewon Kim

    2012-01-01

    A review of Elizabeth Otto and Vanessa Rocco’s edited volume The New Woman International: Representations in Photography and Film from the 1870s through the 1960s, published in 2011 by the University of Michigan Press.

  3. National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Survey 2010/2011 : Individual refuge results for Occoquan Bay and Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes the National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Survey for Occoquan Bay and Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuges and is part of the...

  4. Child Day Care Centers, Part of our City of Hutchinson polygon building footprint layer and the list was/is derived from the fire department, Published in 2006, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Hutchinson.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Child Day Care Centers dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2006. It is described as...

  5. On the Personalities of Elizabeth and Darcy and the Transformation of Their Relationship in Pride and Prejudice through Cooperative Principle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕颖

    2016-01-01

    Conversation forms the basic pattern of communication among human beings. It not only conveys the content of exchange, but also suggests the personalities of speakers and reveals the relationship between speakers and hearers in an effective way. Analyzing conversation proves to be of considerable value to appreciate literature works. This paper aims to analyze the personalities of Elizabeth and Darcy and the transformation of their relationship in Pride and Prejudice from the perspective of cooperative principle.

  6. Geochemical Characteristics of TP3 Mine Wastes at the Elizabeth Copper Mine Superfund Site, Orange County, Vermont

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammarstrom, Jane M.; Piatak, Nadine M.; Seal, Robert R., II; Briggs, Paul H.; Meier, Allen L.; Muzik, Timothy L.

    2003-01-01

    Remediation of the Elizabeth mine Superfund site in the Vermont copper belt poses challenges for balancing environmental restoration goals with issues of historic preservation while adopting cost-effective strategies for site cleanup and long-term maintenance. The waste-rock pile known as TP3, at the headwaters of Copperas Brook, is especially noteworthy in this regard because it is the worst source of surface- and ground-water contamination identified to date, while also being the area of greatest historical significance. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) conducted a study of the historic mine-waste piles known as TP3 at the Elizabeth mine Superfund site near South Strafford, Orange County, VT. TP3 is a 12.3-acre (49,780 m2) subarea of the Elizabeth mine site. It is a focus area for historic preservation because it encompasses an early 19th century copperas works as well as waste from late 19th- and 20th century copper mining (Kierstead, 2001). Surface runoff and seeps from TP3 form the headwaters of Copperas Brook. The stream flows down a valley onto flotation tailings from 20th century copper mining operations and enters the West Branch of the Ompompanoosuc River approximately 1 kilometer downstream from the mine site. Shallow drinking water wells down gradient from TP3 exceed drinking water standards for copper and cadmium (Hathaway and others, 2001). The Elizabeth mine was listed as a Superfund site in 2001, mainly because of impacts of acid-mine drainage on the Ompompanoosuc River.

  7. Type specimens in the Port Elizabeth Museum, South Africa, including the historically important Albany Museum collection. Part 1: Amphibians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conradie, Werner; Branch, William R; Watson, Gillian

    2015-01-01

    The Port Elizabeth Museum houses the consolidated herpetological collections of three provincial museums of the Eastern Cape, South Africa: the Port Elizabeth Museum (Port Elizabeth), the Amatole (previously Kaffarian) Museum (King Williams Town), and the Albany Museum (Grahamstown). Under John Hewitt, Albany Museum was the main centre of herpetological research in South Africa from 1910-1940, and he described numerous new species, many based on material in the museum collection. The types and other material from the Albany Museum are now incorporated into the Port Elizabeth Museum Herpetology collection (PEM). Due to the vague typification of much of Hewitt's material, the loss of the original catalogues in a fire and the subsequent deterioration of specimen labels, the identification of this type material is often troublesome. Significant herpetological research has been undertaken at the PEM in the last 35 years, and the collection has grown to be the third largest in Africa. During this period, numerous additional types have been deposited in the PEM collection, generated by active taxonomic research in the museum. As a consequence, 43 different amphibian taxa are represented by 37 primary and 151 secondary type specimens in the collection. This catalogue provides the first documentation of these types. It provides the original name, the original publication date, journal number and pagination, reference to illustrations, current name, museum collection number, type locality, notes on the type status, and photographs of all holotypes and lectotypes. Where necessary to maintain nomenclatural stability, and where confused type series are housed in the PEM collection, lectotypes and paralectotypes are nominated. PMID:25947420

  8. Cities are at the Center of Our Environmental Future%城市:我们未来环境的核心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    萨斯基娅·萨森; 寇永霞; 唐权

    2011-01-01

    The global environmental challenge becomes tangible and urgent in cities. Thus, it is critical that we understand the capabilities of cities to transform what is today a negative environmental impact to a positive one. We must make cities pan of the solution. One point of entry to this question is to view cities as a type of socio-ecologieal system that has an expanding range of articulations with nature's ecologies. Today, most of these articulations produce environmental damage. How can we begin to use these articulations to produce positive outcomes -outcomes that allow cities to contribute to environmental sustainability? The complex systemic and multi-scalar capacities of cities provide massive potential for a broad range of positive articulations with nature' s ecologies.%全球环境的挑战正在城市中变得切实和紧迫.因此,理解城市在将现今对环境的负面影响转变为正面影响方面的能力,就非常关键.我们必须使城市成为应对这些挑战的一份子.时此,一个出发点是将城市看作一种与自然生态系统有着一系列广泛联系的社会一生态系统.当前,这些联系中的大部分产生了环境损害.我们如何能利用这些联系来产生积极的结果--这些结果能让城市贡献于环境的可持续?城市复杂的系统的和多重尺度的能力提供了其与自然生态系统建立一系列广泛积极联系的巨大潜能.

  9. 911 Call Center (PSAP) Service Areas, 911 servive areas, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, CITY OF LAURINBURG.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This 911 Call Center (PSAP) Service Areas dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2008. It...

  10. Image city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2003-01-01

    Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities.......Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities....

  11. Chasing Eliza: Shifting and Static Women in Elizabeth Craven's The Miniature Picture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heather A. Ladd

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Georgian actress and author Mary Robinson famously wore a miniature portrait of her royal lover, the Prince of Wales, whom she captivated in the Shakespearean breaches role of Perdita. Intriguingly, Robinson’s final stage appearance was as the cross-dressing heroine of The Miniature Picture (1781, a three-act comedy penned by writer and socialite Lady Elizabeth Craven, later Baroness Craven and Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach. The play’s action, initiated by the threat of exposure, is driven by Eliza Camply, who aims to retrieve her miniature from the man who left her. Craven, like the actress playing her enterprising protagonist Eliza Camply, was no stranger to celebrity and infamy. Craven’s preoccupation with image-management in this play aligns with the experiences and views she recorded in her travel narrative A Journey through the Crimea to Constantinople (1789, and her Memoirs (1826. This article reads The Miniature Picture as a generically fluid comedy about female objectification, the misuse of women’s bodies and images in practices of courtship and marriage, and in the celebrity culture the playwright negotiated throughout her life as an aristocratic woman embroiled in both sexual scandal and theatrical life.

  12. The Generic Structure of Print Advertisement of Elizabeth Arden’s INTERVENE: A Multimodal Discourse Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aylanda Dwi Nugroho

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The Elizabeth Arden campaign with Catherine Zeta-Jones as the brand ambassador has deployed the semiotic resources of language and visual images. The analysis of this paper is based on the systemic functional linguistics (SFL proposed by Halliday (1985, 1994 and Halliday and Matthiessen (2004, which says that a text is understood to simultaneously function three metafunctions: Ideational, Interpersonal and Textual. O’Toole’s (1994 framework of analysing visual images, which follows the main concept of SFL, is also used in the analysis. A multimodal discourse analysis is then applied to analyse one of the series, Intervene, using Cheong’s framework (2004, which combined both frameworks to find the generic structure of this advertisement. Further, this paper also analyses the intersemiosis of the linguistic and the visual resources using Wee’s (2009 intersemiotic mechanisms. It concludes that the interplay of the language and the visual image has proved to be very effective in the meaning-making process of this print advertisement.

  13. 77 FR 73541 - Safety Zone: Gilmerton Bridge Center Span Float-in, Elizabeth River; Norfolk, Portsmouth, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-11

    ... September, 2012, construction has been delayed due to scheduling concerns and other logistical issues. For... regarding our public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 3316). 4. Public...-9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR...

  14. Analysis of costs and scarce fuel savings associated with nine Eastern and North Central center city conversions to a district energy system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, A.A.; Santini, D.J.; Marder, S.M.; Bernow, S.S.

    1979-02-01

    This study considers the major urbanized areas of nine US cities to arrive at rough estimates of costs required to retrofit them with district energy systems (DES). Only those costs associated with heating and hot water are addressed here. Demand estimates and energy-supply analyses are made, and component capital costs are estimated to arrive at annualized system costs. Finally, a comparison of alternative energy-delivery options is made, and estimates of scarce-fuel savings are derived. 49 references, 20 figures, 14 tables.

  15. Practice of Exclusive Breast Feeding Program in 2013 at Puskesmas of Probolinggo City (A Case Study in Kedopok and Sukabumi of Health Center Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astridya Paramita

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Scientifi c research proves that babies tend to grow more healthy and intelligent with a given exclusive breastfeeding in the fi rst 6 months of life. The coverage of exclusive breastfeeding infants 0–5 months was fl uctuating. This study aimed to review the implementation of exclusive breastfeeding promotion program in Primary Health Care (PHC of Probolinggo City. Methods: Qualitative methods with purposive techniques informant selection was applied in this case study. The study was conducted at the Sukabumi and Kedopok PHC of Probolinggo City in 2013. Results: The results showed the weak management functions of programme in PHC and the less attention of Probolinggo Government related to the limited number of health worker n cost of health promotion activities . The success of exclusive breastfeeding Health Promotion Program is not only determined by the input component , but also creativity and active efforts of health promotion strategies as practiced in Sukabumi PHC. Recommendations: Optimization of monitoring and evaluation program exclusive breastfeeding in PHC from the Municipality/District Government, and his staff; strengthening the input component; and the implementation of advocacy, ”bina suasana”, empowerment and partnerships activities.

  16. Analysis of Causes and Treatment Measures of Traffic Congestion of Center Area in Longyan City%龙岩中心城区交通拥堵成因及治理措施分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈金荣

    2016-01-01

    为解决龙岩中心城区交通拥堵及改善交通环境,基于龙岩中心城区交通现状及各方面实际情况,深入分析龙岩中心城区交通拥堵成因,为找到相应的治理及改善措施提供依据。分析表明:交通基础设施及道路路网建设不完善;道路不通畅、通行能力低;宣传不到位、交通意识差等是交通拥堵的主要成因。鉴于此,提出了四个方面的治理措施:加强交通组织及管理、培养交通意识;完善路网建设;优化公交线路;加大人行过街设施及停车场的建设。%To solve the traffic congestion of center area in Longyan city and improve the traffic environment , based on the traffic situation and actual conditions of center area in Longyan city , the causes of traffic congestion of center area in Longyan city are deeply analyzed , and the basis of the corresponding treatment and improving measures are provided .Analysis shows that the major causes of traffic congestion are as follow:the traffic foundation and network construction of road is imcomplete;poor, low capacity;propaganda is not suitable , poor con-sciousness of traffic .In view of this , four treatment measures are put forward in this paper:strengthen the traffic organization and manage-ment, training traffic consciousness;improving the network construction of road;optimizing bus lines;increasing the construction of over-passes and subways for passersby and parking lot .

  17. Analysis of the Necessity of Setting up Sales Joint Distribution Center of Textile Enterprises in Xianyang City%浅析咸阳市纺织企业联建销售共同配送中心的必要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仝丹娜

    2011-01-01

    The textile industry is the pillar industry of Xianyang.Through market competition, because sales channels are not clear and other factors,Xianyang textile industry is atrophying.To reshape the energy of Xianyang textile industry requires building a common distribution center of textile sales in the city to enhance its market competitiveness.Based on the analysis of the current sales of the Xianyang textile industry, this paper conductes a preliminary analysis on building sales joint distribution center of the textile industry.For the problem to be solved, this paper analyzes the necessity and feasibility of sales joint distribution center of the textile industry.%作为咸阳的支柱产业--纺织业,经过市场竞争,由于销售渠道不通畅等原因,造成成阳纺织业萎缩.要重塑成阳纺织业的活力,需在我市联建纺织销售共同配送中心,以提高其市场竞争力.本文在分析成阳纺织现状基础之上,对成阳市纺织业联建销售共同配送中心相关问题进行了初步研究分析.针对要解决的问题,分析联建销售共同配送中心的必要性及可行性.

  18. City PLANTastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The city is going green. From New York to Copenhagen vegetables are enthusiastically planted on city squares, and buildings are turning green everywhere . The word “plant” is on everyone’s lips, reflecting a growing desire to solve ecological, technical and social challenges in the city. Hovever......, any attempt to create a green city is motivated by certain ecological, political and esthetical perspectives. Therefore the role of plants in tomorrows cities is everything but straightforward. Rather, a broad range of possibilities unfolds. City PLANTastic is the title of the 8th World in Denmark...

  19. Towards what kind of city?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Coletta

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The virtual city exists in “time” whereas the real city exists in “space”. The first one is an expression of our imagination, the second one of our ability to create. Time has articulated the images of cities as artisan philosophers, historians, artists, dreamers and even poets have given it to us. Space has generated cities which have been worked upon by geographers, geologists, surveyors, and finally urban planners. Space and time however live together in both cities, even if with alternating states of subordination. The culture of thinking, of decision making and of working is the unifying center of both the cities; it is the generating element both of the crises and the prosperity of the cities and it works towards an overcoming of the first and for the pursuit of the second (prosperity using the experience of the past for the making of a better future.

  20. KUNMING: The City of Spring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Kunming is the political, economic and cultural center of Yunnan province and the most popular center for tourism in Southwest China. Kunming enjoys a pleasant climate and does its best to live up to its title of "the City of Spring". Whenever you are planning to go, the temperature is always pleasant. With its convenient transport links in and out of the city, Kunming welcomes tens of thousands of tourists every day.

  1. 以人为本、凸显亲民的现代行政中心景观规划设计--以湘乡市行政中心景观规划设计为例%People Oriented Landscape Planning and Design of Modern Administrative Center--Taking the Landscape Planning and Design of Administrative Center of Xiangxiang City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄贵良

    2014-01-01

    如何营造出具有地域文化特色、生态型的行政中心景观,满足时代对行政中心开放、亲民、高效、廉洁的环境要求,是本文阐述的重点。文章结合湘乡市行政中心景观规划设计,力求在理论上较系统地对其进行阐述。%How to create the landscape of an administrative center with characteristics of regional culture and ecological protection to meet the required open, people first, efficient, clean environment is the focus of this article. Combining with the landscape planning and design of the administrative center in Xiangxiang city, the author strived to expound it in theory systematical y.

  2. New aerogeophysical evidences of riftogenic crust over Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golynsky, Dmitry; Golynsky, Alexander; Kiselev, Alexander

    2014-05-01

    Analysis of radio-echosounding and RADARSAT mosaic data by Golynsky & Golynsky (2007) reveals at least 500 km long structure called the Gaussberg rift over the eastern part of Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica. This previously unknown continuous structure consists of two sub-parallel depressions separated by segmented horst-like escarpments that are largely hidden under the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. One of these segments is Mount Brown escarpment, which reaches a height of 1982 m. It was suggested that the rift was probably initiated at the same time as the Lambert graben, marked by the deposition of coal-bearing Permian sediment and probably inherited the tectonically weak zone of the Proterozoic igneous belt along its boundary with the Vestfold-Rauer Archean cratonic block. The Gaussberg rift may be considered as a hypothetical accommodation zone of the Carboniferous-Permian intracontinental rift along 4000 km of the West Australian and East Indian margins, which filled with thick Permian-Triassic sediment including alluvial coals (Harrowfield et al., 2005). Supposedly, the Gaussberg rift corresponds to the Mahanadi Valley of East India and the Lambert rift system has across-rift alignment with Godavari Valley. New Russian ice penetrating radar data collected in 2012-13 over western part of the suggested rift shows that in places the floor of the central depression is more than 1000 m below sea level. Horst and graben systems are heavily segmented by N-S running transverse lineaments that in addition clearly discernible in the RADARSAT data. New high-quality magnetic data show that severe changes in the magnetic fabric observed in vicinity, along strike and over borders of the structure are though to be due to the tectonic nature. Interruption of the long wavelength high-intensity magnetic anomaly belt associated with southern boundary of the Vestfold-Rauer cratonic block near the western depression can't be explained by a subglacial erosion, in our

  3. Clean Cities Tools

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-12-19

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities offers a large collection of Web-based tools on the Alternative Fuels Data Center. These calculators, interactive maps, and data searches can assist fleets, fuels providers, and other transportation decision makers in their efforts to reduce petroleum use.

  4. [Dr. Elizabeth Ross: heroine and victim of the World War I in Serbia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikić, Želimir; Lešić, Aleksandar

    2012-01-01

    At the beginning of 1915, several months after the World War I started, Serbia was in an extremely difficult situation.The country was war-ravaged, full of sick and wounded soldiers, there was a desperate shortage of doctors, nurses and other medical personnel, and the epidemic of typhus fever exploded and violently attacked the entire country. At that time, however, a number of both foreign allied medical missions and individual volunteers, from various countries, mostly from Great Britain, came to Serbia to help. Among them mostly were women, and they were of enormous support to Serbia in that grave situation. It is estimated that there were more than 600 foreign women volunteers in Serbia at that time and that 22 of them died there. Dr. Elizabeth Ross was one of those brave volunteers who came to Serbia early in 1915. That noble Scottish lady doctor was born in 1878 and finished her medical studies at the University of Glasgow in 1901. After graduation she worked in various places in Great Britain until 1909, when she went to Persia (Iran), where she worked until the beginning of the so called Great War. When she heard of the urgent need in Serbia she left Persia as soon as she could and volunteered to serve in Serbia. She came to Kragujevac at the beginning of January 1915, where she worked at the First Military Reserve Hospital, which at that time was actually a typhus hospital. Working there intensively and devotedly for several weeks under shocking conditions she contracted typhus herself and died there on her 37th birthday on February 14th, 1915. She was buried in Kragujevac, next to two British ladies who also died in Serbia of typhus. Her grave was restored in 1980 when the town of Kragujevac started holding commemorations at the graveside every February 14th at noon to honor her and all other brave and noble women who lost their lives helping Serbia at that unfortunate time.

  5. Rats, cities, people, and pathogens: a systematic review and narrative synthesis of literature regarding the ecology of rat-associated zoonoses in urban centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Himsworth, Chelsea G; Parsons, Kirbee L; Jardine, Claire; Patrick, David M

    2013-06-01

    Urban Norway and black rats (Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus) are the source of a number of pathogens responsible for significant human morbidity and mortality in cities around the world. These pathogens include zoonotic bacteria (Leptospira interrogans, Yersina pestis, Rickettsia typhi, Bartonella spp., Streptobacillus moniliformis), viruses (Seoul hantavirus), and parasites (Angiostrongylus cantonensis). A more complete understanding of the ecology of these pathogens in people and rats is critical for determining the public health risks associated with urban rats and for developing strategies to monitor and mitigate those risks. Although the ecology of rat-associated zoonoses is complex, due to the multiple ways in which rats, people, pathogens, vectors, and the environment may interact, common determinants of human disease can still be identified. This review summarizes the ecology of zoonoses associated with urban rats with a view to identifying similarities, critical differences, and avenues for further study.

  6. Beer City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Shandong Province’s Qingdao is becoming China’s great beer city sicenically located on a peninsula over-looking the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao, |or Tsingtao, is a coastal city soaked in two kinds of foam. One floats in

  7. Experience on the Complex Building Design of Taian City Welfare Center for Children%泰安市儿童福利院综合楼方案设计体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周欣

    2011-01-01

    随着城市的发展及社会对民生的关注,儿童福利设施在城市中起到不可忽视的作用,在此背景下,在原泰安市机械学校用地的的基础上进行土地资源整合,并充分结合、利用已建成的学生宿舍楼,规划设计1-6岁12个乳、幼儿教学、活动班级,180床位的宿舍,达到生活、学习、活动健身全方位的照料.%With the development of the city and the livelihood concerns of community.welfare center for childrenplays a significant role in the cily. In this context, Tai'an City integrated the land resources of the original machineschool, on this basis, and fully integrated and used the built student accommodation building, planed and designed 12 baby, child care teaching and activities class foR the children of 1-6 years old, dormitory with 180-bed, to care the living, learning, fitness.

  8. Ideal Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Meitner, Erika

    2012-01-01

    Erika Meitner discusses her new book: Ideal Cities. This collection of autobiographical narrative and lyric poems explores the relationship between body and place—specifically the pleasures and dangers of women’s corporeal experiences. Ideal Cities is guided by an epigraph from Song of Songs, and the metaphorical idea of bodies as cities, and cities as bodies. How do women’s bodies become sites of inscription via sex, childbirth, and other highly physical acts? These poems also investigate ur...

  9. Factors Affecting Oral-Dental Health in Children in the Viewpoints of Mothers Referred to the Health Centers in Qom City: Using the Health Belief Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zabihollah Gharlipour

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background Many dental problems such as tooth decay starts from childhood. In this regard, attitudes and beliefs of mothers about oral-dental health are important. The aim of this study was to determine the factors affecting oral-dental health in children of the mothers who referred to the Qom health centers by using of the Health Belief Model. Materials and Methods This is cross-sectional descriptive analytic study that was performed among mothers who had Children's health dossier in the Qom health centers, Iran. By using of multi-stage sampling and sample size formula, 300 mothers were selected randomly from health assessment centers. Required data from target group were collected by the questionnaire about Health Belief Model in the field of oral health. The data were analyzed using SPSS -20. Results The results showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between the mothers' behavior towards oral-dental health with perceived benefits and self-efficacy (r=0.16, P

  10. Sin City?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svarer, Michael; Gautier, Pieter A.; Teulings, Coen n.

    , the ones who stay in the city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who married outside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. This correlation can be explained by both a causal and a sorting effect. We disentangle them by using the timing...

  11. 城市门户空间的体系研究——以宁波中心城为例%AResearch on Gateway Space of the City——ACase Study of the Center of Ningbo City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨虎; 翁晓龙

    2012-01-01

      现代城市的发展斌予了城市门户空间新的内涵与特征,其不但具有界定标志作用的一面,而且扮演着城市与外部环境之间进行物质、能量、信息交换过渡区的角色,对于现代的城市空间体系而言,城市门户空间已成为一个重要组成部分,对其做出新的解析与认识显得尤为必要。以宁波中心城门户空间为例,在对门户空间的功能及空间发展方面进行梳理的基础上,对其分布特征进行了系统化梳理,以期能在相关地区未来的发展过程中具有一定的引导和参考价值。%  Urban development endowed the gateway space of the city with new implications and characteristics. The gateway space in modern city acts not only as a boundary and landmark, but also as an important role in the communication between inner and outer city in terms of material, energy and information, for the modern urban space system, the gateway space has become an important part, therefore, it is necessary to make it new expressions and cognitions.The paper takes a study of the gateway spaces in the center of Ningbo City, for example, to sort out the function of each gateway space and space development on the basis of its distribution characteristics of the system combing, in order to be able to relevant areas with a guide and reference value in the course of future development.

  12. Study of radon and thoron gas behaviour in the air at the commercial centers in Rio de Janeiro and Pocos de Caldas city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radon is a radioactive gas. It occurs naturally in the atmosphere coming from the decay of radium, with emission of alpha particles. There are three radon isotopes more known, of which the most important under the environmental point of view is the Rn-222, whose half life is 3.82 days. The radon and their descendants are responsible by more than 40 % of the natural radioactive dose received for the human beings inside the building. In doses above 4 pCi/l, given as occupational dose, can cause among other diseases, the lung cancer. The main source of radon inside the building is the soil. The incidence of radon inside the building varies according to the soil composition, the materials employed in its construction, the inside air temperature and humidity, time during the day, season and the ventilation process designed. The work was realized at the commercial centers in Rio de Janeiro and Pocos de Caldas, for methodology confirmation. It was utilized the passive (track detectors) and active (two filters technique. Kusnetz technique, Tsivoglou technique and alpha spectrometry technique) methods. The objective of this work was to analyze the radon and thoron concentrations levels in order to supply parameters upon the quality of the air in those commercial centers. (author)

  13. Study on current situation of nursing human resources in community health service centers of Kunming City%昆明市社区卫生服务中心护理人力资源现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢蓉; 姜润生; 黄丽; 徐正英; 沈海文; 张杪

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查昆明市社区卫生服务中心护理人力资源现状.方法 采用自设问卷对昆明市11所社区卫生服务中心的109名社区护士进行调查.结果 社区护理队伍结构不合理,社区护士绩效考核体系不健全,缺乏科学有效的激励措施.结论应重视社区护理,调整队伍结构,建立健全管理体质,加快人才培养步伐.%Objective To investigate the current situation of nursing human resources of community health service centers of Kunming city.Methods A self-designed questionnaire was performed among 109 nurses of 11 community health services centers in Kunming.Results Structure of community nursing team was found unreasonable and the management system of human resources was not well organized.The scientific and effective intentive measures was lack.Conclusion It is suggested to pay more attention to the community nursing services in order to adjust the structure of community nursing team,pefect the management system and speed up the pace of personnel training.

  14. Remote Sensing Training for Middle School through the Center of Excellence in Remote Sensing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayden, L. B.; Johnson, D.; Baltrop, J.

    2012-12-01

    students were able to understand the function of a GPS, how to analyze and comprehend longitude and latitude points, and the importance of GPS devices in real world applications. This paper describes in detail the methodology for organizing a learning environment where participants were able to compile, organize and analyze data, collaborate in a team environment, utilize the scientific method to draw conclusions based on the research they obtained. Various resources and training activities were developed to cultivate student participants' skill set. Students were presented with a problem where they had to develop a hypothesis or scientific question. After clearly defining the problem, it was necessary for the middle school participants to determine the data needed to complete an analysis and ascertain where that data can be found or generated. The training and events held for the CReSIS Middle School Program were proven successful for both these inquiring middle school students at Elizabeth City Middle School, River Road Middle School and the STEM representatives from Elizabeth City State University.Too often, students who live in rural communities or face economic disadvantages often miss out on getting access to important technology. Developing an interest in the STEM fields by a few students' would be considered a total success for the city, community, country, and world.

  15. The Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy and Its Relationship with Microalbuminuria in Type2 Diabetic Patients at Diabetes Center of Hamadan City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Eslami

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases in western developed countries and developing countries, whose prevalence is increasing worldwide. One of the vascular complications of diabetes is diabetic retinopathy. Given the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and its complications in patients with type 2 diabetes, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of retinopathy in diabetic patients and to determine the relationship between microalbuminuria and retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes in Hamadan. Materials & Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study in which 284 medical records of patients referred to the Diabetes Center of Hamadan were studied whose eye examinations were recorded and their laboratory tests have been measured at a laboratory center. Then, the data obtained from the average of experiments during the last year and examinations carried out were entered in the check list and the statistical results of the data were analyzed and the relationship between microalbuminuria and retinopathy was evaluated. Results: In our study, 284 patients were studied. 154 (54.22% of the patients in our study had retinopathy. In persons who had retinopathy, 36.36% of patients were with mild NPDR, 27.92% with moderate NPDR, 7.79% with severe NPDR and 27.92% had PDR. In our study, 32.04% of patients had microalbuminuria, and of these, 80.21% also had retinopathy. There was a significant relationship between retinopathy and microalbuminuria. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the prevalence of retinopathy in our study is about 54 percent, which is relatively a higher prevalence than that in other similar studies. Also, due to the strong correlation between the presence of microalbuminuria and retinopathy and also duration of diabetes, a closer look at diabetic patients for microalbuminuria in periodic eye examinations is recommended. Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci . 2016

  16. An investigation of sea ice motion and fluxes within the Prince Gustaf Adolf Sea, Queen Elizabeth Islands, Canada, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohlleben, T.; Howell, S.; Agnew, T.; Komarov, A. S.

    2011-12-01

    In this study, the sea ice flux events that occurred through the Prince Gustaf Adolf Sea flux gate into the Queen Elizabeth Islands (QEI) over the 2010 season are investigated in detail. In the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, multi-year ice (MYI) exports and in situ summer melt are primarily balanced by MYI influx events into QEI during the brief period each year when ice exchanges freely between the Arctic Ocean and the QEI reservoir. Here, data from two Canadian Ice Service satellite tracking beacons that drifted through the Gustaf flux gate in 2010, along with atmospheric sea level pressure and wind data, are compared to ice drift velocities derived from RADARSAT imagery using a new sea ice tracking system. It is demonstrated in this study that the annual average ice drifts implied by the fluxes reported in previous works underestimate the basic current-driven flow of sea ice across the Prince Gustaf Adolf Sea gate (as determined from Radarsat imagery during periods of no wind). It is further established that ice drifts (and hence ice fluxes) through the Gustaf flux gate vary spatially, with velocities on the eastern side in 2010 being consistently greater than those on the western side by a factor of ~2. These results reveal the potential of using Radarsat-derived ice motion to expand upon and improve the limited data on ocean currents within the Queen Elizabeth Islands, as well as to refine estimates of ice flux magnitudes and spatial patterns in this area.

  17. Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections in At-Risk Adolescent Females at a Comprehensive, Stand-Alone Adolescent Health Center in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yavorsky, Risa L.; Hollman, Dominic; Steever, John; Soghomonian, Christine; Diaz, Angela; Strickler, Howard; Schlecht, Nicolas; Burk, Robert D.; Ochner, Christopher N.

    2014-01-01

    Background Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are common among adolescents, and multiple STIs over one’s lifetime can increase health risks. Few studies have assessed lifetime STI prevalence. This study evaluates minority, underserved adolescents’ self-reported lifetime STI history and objective STI rates. Methods Lifetime STI rates of female patients at an urban adolescent health center were obtained from self-administered questionnaires. Additionally, STI test results were retrieved from electronic medical records. Results Patients reported a high lifetime prevalence of STIs. By comparing self-report and objective data, underreporting was identified for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and herpes. Conclusions STI rates in at-risk adolescent females are higher than in the general population and remain elevated over time. Lifetime STI reports could expand our understanding of sexual health and should be further studied. Underreporting, which may increase health risks and hinder health care delivery, requires further investigation. Improvements in STI screening and prevention targeting at-risk populations are warranted. PMID:24807980

  18. GIS-based spatial distribution rationality evaluation of city emergency centers%基于GIS的城区急救中心空间分布合理性评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新秀; 程耀东; 张志华

    2014-01-01

    Optimal location and site distribution rationality evaluation of the 120 Emergency Centers are of great significance to the formulation of emergency treatment plan and rational allocation of urban public service facilities. Taking Chengguan District of Lanzhou City as the research area, this paper employs GIS spatial analysis method and the software ARCGIS to carry out buffer analysis and overlay analysis of the main medical sites and the main line of the Chengguan District, and thus to get service coverage areas. The medical emergency service coverage and service level classification map of the Chengguan District of Lanzhou City can be got by grading the coverage areas according to the classification requirement, visually displaying the service level of every area. The results show that medical emergency site distribution of Chengguan District is too concentrated, basically concentrated in urban center, site distribution is not reasonable enough, and there are a lot of overlapping areas and a certain blind zone of service.%120急救中心的优化选址和站点分布合理性评价,对应急处理方案制定和城市公共服务设施合理布局具有重要的现实意义。以兰州市城关区为研究区域,采用GIS空间分析方法和ARCGIS软件对城关区主要医疗站点和交通主干道进行缓冲区分析和叠置分析形成服务覆盖区。根据分级要求对覆盖区进行分级,得到城关区医疗急救服务覆盖及服务等级分等定级图,直观地显示各区域的服务等级。研究结果显示兰州市城关区医疗急救站点分布过于集中,基本集中在市区中心,其站点分布不够合理,存在大量服务重叠区和一定区域的服务盲区。

  19. W3C director Tim Berners-Lee to be Knighted by Queen Elizabeth web inventor recognized for contributions to internet development

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the World Wide Web and director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), will be made a Knight Commander, Order of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth" (1/2 page).

  20. Unrecognized circulation of SAT 1 foot-and-mouth disease virus in cattle herds around Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dhikusooka, Moses Tefula; Ayebazibwe, Chrisostom; Namatovu, Alice;

    2016-01-01

    understand the epidemiology of FMD at the livestock-wildlife-interface, samples were collected from young, unvaccinated cattle from 24 pastoral herds that closely interact with wildlife around Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda, and analysed for evidence of FMDV infection. In total, 37 (15 %) of 247...

  1. On Matrimony Diplomacy during Elizabeth I%论伊丽莎白一世时期的联姻外交

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁广雪; 张士昌

    2012-01-01

      Facing severely domestic and international situation, Elizabeth abandoned the traditional foreign policy and adopted the diplomacy of balance of power, in which the marriage negotiation was applied as an instrument of diplomacy policy, in the beginning of Elizabeth I ascending the throne. In the first decade of Elizabeth's domination, France is the main club to the United Kingdom, so Elizabeth has adopted the policy of combining Spain to restrain France. When Spain became a British enemy, the British turned to the matrimony diplomacy of the West of combining France to control Spain.%  面临着严峻的国内外形势,伊丽莎白一世即位之初即抛弃了传统的外交政策,采取均势外交,其中婚姻谈判作为一种外交政策加以应用。在伊丽莎白统治前十年,法国是其主要威胁之时,英国采取联西抑法的政策,而当西班牙成为英国的敌人之际,英国则转向联法制西的联姻外交政策。

  2. A Functional Stylistic Analysis of Dialogues between Elizabeth and Dar⁃cy—Taking a Chinese Translated Version as a Case Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽祥

    2012-01-01

      The paper tries applying the functional stylistic analysis to translation of Pride and Prejudice in terms of stylistic fea⁃tures being converted into Chinese. Through analyzing some of the dialogues between Elizabeth and Darcy, the paper testifies that it is of high validity and necessity to apply FS to literary translation.

  3. 社区结核病防治人力资源配置分析%Allocation of human resources of TB control personnel in community health centers in Wuhan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐欢; 杨瑞; 侯万里; 李文祯; 石欧敏; 童叶青; 卢祖洵

    2012-01-01

    目的 调查社区结核病防治人力资源配置现状并分析存在的问题,为进一步优化社区结核病防治人力资源配置提供科学依据.方法 采用普查的方法,对武汉市7个中心城区102家社区卫生服务中心的结核病防治人员进行问卷调查,采用x2检验和广义线性回归的方法进行统计分析.结果 每个社区拥有结核病防治人员的平均数量为1.1人;社区结核病防治人员学历以“大专”为主(40人,36.36%),职称以“初级或无职称”为主(64人,58.18%);参加工作以来接受区级结核病防治相关知识培训的平均次数为5.8次.结论 社区结核病防治人员数量不足,学历层次有待进一步提高,培训效果有待增强.建议适当增加社区结核病防治人员数量,提高综合素质,增强培训效果.%Objective To investigate the allocation of human resources of TB control personnel in community health centers in Wuhan,and provide basis for further optimizing the allocation of TB control human resources in community health centers. Methods All the TB control personnel of 102 community health centers in 7 central districts of Wuhan city were investigated. % test and multivariate-regression analysis were used. Results The average number of TB control personnel in each community health center was 1.1. Most TB control personnel in community health centers were of academic college degree (40 cases,36.4%) and their professional title was "primary or without any title" (64 cases, 58.2%). The average number of receiving professional training from district centers was 5. 8 times since they took the job. Conclusions The number of TB control personnel in community health centers was inadequate, the qualification was not high e-nough,and the effectiveness of training was not very good. Therefore, it is suggested that the personnel number should be increased, the comprehensive quality of staff should be improved, and the training effectiveness should

  4. Claudette Fillard, Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Naissance du féminisme américain à Seneca Falls, Lyon, ENS Editions, 2009Lori D. Ginzberg, Elizabeth Cady Stanton: An American Life, New York, Hill and Wang, 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Quanquin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available « I am in favor of universal suffrage—indeed, I do not know that I should be permitted to live in my own house if I were not. ». C’est ainsi que Henry B. Stanton présente en 1866, lors de la 26e réunion annuelle de la Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society, sa position sur le suffrage universel qui agite alors les organisations abolitionnistes. En effet, si Stanton est un abolitionniste et un homme politique connu à l’époque, sa femme, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, l’a depuis plusieurs années dépassé en...

  5. 区域性数字化教育资源中心建设研究--以珠海市为例%Study on the Construction of Regional Digital Education Resource Center-- A case study of Zhuhai city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玲

    2014-01-01

    In the process of deepening the construction of learning -type City of Zhuhai, relying on community college construction of lifelong education system in Zhuhai, by integrating the educational resources, it is a strategic development target for Zhuhai education information to achieve integration of academic education and the integration of non-diploma education. Based on the analysis of the present situation of the construction of digital educational resources in Zhuhai, on the basis of Zhuhai education resources construction in the plight of around regional digitized education resource center progressive service oriented management thinking, as well as the characteristics of the region and culture, this paper explored the application mode of digital education resource center.%在深化珠海学习型城市的建设过程中,依托珠海社区大学构建终身教育体系,整合教育资源以实现学历教育与非学历教育的一体化融合已成为珠海教育信息化的战略发展目标。本文在对珠海目前数字化教育资源建设的现状分析的基础上,针对面临的困境,围绕区域性数字化教育资源中心逐步面向服务的管理方式展开思考,结合本地区特色,对区域性数字化教育资源中心的应用模式进行了探索。

  6. Mansfield Park Comes to Life: Teaching and Staging Elizabeth Inchbald’s Lovers’ Vows in an Austen Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misty Krueger

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay discusses how I incorporated readers theatre into a senior seminar on Jane Austen and her contemporaries. The article recounts how my students read Elizabeth Inchbald’s 1798 drama, Lovers’ Vows, and Austen’s 1814 novel, Mansfield Park, and then were inspired at the end of the seminar to take part in a readers theatre production of the play. In order to set up this pedagogical example, the essay addresses the theatrical episode of Mansfield Park, the controversies surrounding Lovers’ Vows, and the ways in which I edited the play and prepared students to create a “little theatre”—to quote Austen character, Tom Bertram—at my university and become their own version of The Mansfield Players. The essay concludes by explaining what students can learn about drama and the novel by partaking in such an exercise.

  7. INCREASING RETURN TO SMART CITIES

    OpenAIRE

    Lööf, Hans; Nabavi, Pardis

    2012-01-01

    Increased urbanization, global warming and sustainable growth belong to the major contemporary policy challenges. Today cities are home to more than 50% of the world population, the largest 600 urban centers generate about 60% of global GDP, and the agglomerated areas are responsible for 75% of world carbon emissions. The UN estimates that 70% of the world's growing population will live in cities by 2050. At the same time the world population is expected to increase from 7 billion people to 9...

  8. A Case Study in Caribbean Climate Change: Impacts on Crop Suitability and Small Farmer Vulnerability in St. Elizabeth, Jamaica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, W. R.; Gamble, D. W.; Popke, J.

    2013-12-01

    This paper examines some of the implications of climate change for farming in the Caribbean, through an analysis of future crop suitability and a case study of climate variability and agricultural practices in St. Elizabeth Parish, Jamaica. To assess potential changes in Caribbean agriculture, we present results from a water budget model based on a 100-year regional climate projection of temperature and precipitation for the circum-Caribbean basin. We find that future water deficits in the region are climate type-dependent. Savanna climates experience the largest annual changes, while semi-arid environments are greatly impacted in the spring. When the impacts of temperature and precipitation are considered separately, we find that predicted future warming, and the associated increase in evapotranspiration, has a slightly larger climatological effect on crop water need than predicted decreases in precipitation. To illustrate how a changing climate regime may impact agricultural practices, we present results from recent fieldwork in St. Elizabeth Parish, one of the main farming regions on the island of Jamaica. Drawing on data from farmer interviews and a recently-installed weather mesonet, we highlight the ways in which local microclimates influence farmer livelihood strategies and community-level vulnerability. Initial results suggest that farmers are experiencing greater climate variability, and that communities with Savanna and semi-arid type climates may be more susceptible to drought than communities in wetter, higher-elevation microclimates. These changes have enhanced the importance of irrigation technology and water management strategies for successful farming. In this context, we argue, large, well-capitalized farmers may be better able to manage the uncertainties associated with climate change, leading to an uneven landscape of vulnerability across the region.

  9. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbelin, Bruno; Lasserre, Sebastien; Ciger, Jan

    2008-01-01

    Flying Cities is an artistic installation which generates imaginary cities from the speech of its visitors. Thanks to an original interactive process analyzing people's vocal input to create 3D graphics, a tangible correspondence between speech and visuals opens new possibilities of interaction....... This cross-modal interaction not only supports our artistic messages, but also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from her/his speech activity. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective is now to cross the bridge between art...

  10. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciger, Jan

    2006-01-01

    The Flying Cities artistic installation brings to life imaginary cities made from the speech input of visitors. In this article we describe the original interactive process generating real time 3D graphics from spectators' vocal inputs. This example of cross-modal interaction has the nice property....... As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective now is to cross the bridge between art and the potential applications to the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or for the treatment of language impairments....

  11. Symmetry distribution of cities in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The authors of this paper induced five principles of geographical symmetry based on the space distributions of cities and towns in China. There is a symmetry distribution of cities and towns. The symmetry characteristics are the following: (i) the average coordination number of the cities (including large cities, medium cities and county towns) is 6 ( i.g. rotation symmetry); (ii) the distribution of large and medium cities are shown to be the latticework in which two directions are parallel to two main tectonic ones in China, respectively; (iii) the distribution of county towns of a province is also shown to be the latticework in which two directions are parallel to two tectonic ones in this province (i. g. two-dimensional translation ) and (iv) the concentric circle distribution of cities (CCDC) is centered round a large city (i. g. rotation symmetry).

  12. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    emphasis has been laid on creating a vivid, and engaging social environment in order to create a lab for social, and architectural experi- ments. These goals challenge the city planning as well as the urban sce- nography. The article addresses the research questions: What kind of city life and social......This article analyses Roskilde Festival as an Instant City. For more than 40 years, Roskilde Festival has had many thousands participants for a weeklong festival on music, performances and cultural experiences in a layout designed as an urban environment. During the last ten years, in- creasing...... experiments are taking place in ‘the instant city’, and how can it be characterized? It also emphasizes the relation between city life, urban design, and the aesthetics of architecture and urban spaces. The question here is, in what way architecture and urban scenography are used as tools to support the goal...

  13. City Streets

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set contains roadway centerlines for city streets found on the USGS 1:24,000 mapping series. In some areas, these roadways are current through the 2000...

  14. Beautiful city

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino

    2009-01-01

    Proponents of the City Beautiful movement advocated for sizable public investments in monumental spaces, street beautification, and classical architecture. Today, economists and policymakers see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract people and jobs to cities. But past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisure amenities for urban growth and development. In this article, Jerry Carlino uses a new data set on the number of leisure tourist ...

  15. City Beautiful

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino; Saiz, Albert

    2008-01-01

    The City Beautiful movement, which in the early 20th century advocated city beautification as a way to improve the living conditions and civic virtues of the urban dweller, had languished by the Great Depression. Today, new urban economic theorists and policymakers are coming to see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract population, especially the highly skilled and their employers. However, past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisur...

  16. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    M Batty

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  17. Sustainable cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Sustainable City Project, a collaboration among the cities of Portland, Oregon, and San Francisco and San Jose, California, aims at developing and implementing sustainable energy planning methods and programs for cites. For a period of two years (1989-90), the three project cities worked in parallel, yet pursued independent courses to develop appropriate sustainable urban energy practices to meet local needs and aspirations. Central to the Sustainable City Project was finding ways to manage today's urban energy needs without jeopardizing the needs of future generations. Sustainability implies that nothing should go to waste, but rather should contribute to the proper balance between the natural environment and the built environment Sustainable urban energy systems encompass more than energy efficiency and energy conservation measures: they must be diverse, flexible, self-reliant, renewable, and integrated. Since local governments make decisions affecting land use, building codes, transportation systems, waste disposal, and power plants--all of which impact energy resource use--local jurisdictions can do much to ensure their own sustainable future. This paper will present an accounting of the specific steps that each city took to determine and begin implementation of their respective approaches to sustainable energy planning, with a specific focus on the City of San Jose activities. Useful tools for facilitating community process, program planning and implementation, and quantitative analysis will also be discussed

  18. FEAR OF CRIME IN ISTANBUL CITY CENTER

    OpenAIRE

    Yirmibesoglu, Funda; Ergun, Nilgun

    2011-01-01

    The mapping of crime and delinquency has been around for many years and the idea that delinquency is caused by environmental factors has long been debated. A significant characteristic of research on criminality is the use of charts and maps to show spatial distributions of delinquency and crime. Istanbul has been a strategically important location, physically and regionally, in every period. Istanbul’s most prominent characteristics are its geographical location, unique natural beauties, a...

  19. 广州中心城区公园绿地空间格局及可达性分析%Spatial pattern and accessibility of urban park greenland in center of Guangzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡彦庭; 文雅; 程炯; 魏建兵

    2011-01-01

    Urban park greenland is one of typical green open space. It is very important for the maintenance of urban ecological security and human health. Spatial pattern and accessibility of urban park greenland will directly affect service quality for city dwellers. In this paper, the features of spatial pattern, accessibility and its relationship with service level are analyzed in the center of Guangzhou city by using GIS with landscape indexes. The results show that: 1) Municipal park account for 84.71%of total area of urban parks in center of Guangzhou. Its contagion index is 92.44. The landscape type and spatial pattern of urban park greenland are less reasonable. 2) Based GIS network analysis, only 22.35%of the study area and 44.67%of residents can easily access urban park greenland. The accessibility of park greenland and its service quality of Guangzhou centre area are not good enough. 3) The number and distribution are important factors influencing the accessibility and service quality of urban park greenland.%公园绿地是城市中一类典型的开敞空间,对维护城市生态与人居环境健康具有重要意义,其空间布局的合理性与可达性直接影响其对城市居民的服务水平.以广州中心城区为例,借助GIS技术和景观格局指数,分析城市公园绿地景观格局、可达性和服务状况,并探讨城市公园绿地空间格局对其可达性影响.结果表明:①市级公园其面积占公园绿地总面积的84.71%,城市公园绿地聚集度为92.44,广州中心城区公园绿地景观类型和空间格局不尽合理;②网络分析表明研究区仅有22.35%的面积和44.67%的人口能够较便捷地到达邻近公园绿地,广州中心城区公园绿地的可达性和服务效果不理想;③城市公园绿地数量与空间格局是影响其可达性与服务水平的重要因子.

  20. Hip Resurfacing. An Experience in Livingstone Hospital, Port Elizabeth, South Africa. From January 2004 to January 2006. Resuperficialización de cadera. Experiencia en el Hospital Livingstone. Port Elizabeth. Sudáfrica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara Elizabeth Morales Perez

    Full Text Available Background. Hip resurfacing in youngest patients with osteoarthritis is a very outstanding surgical technique which offer excellent results compare with a traditional Total Hip Replacement. Objective. To describe the evolution of the patients with osteoarthritis of the hip treated with the surgical technique of resurfacing in Livingstone Hospital. Port Elizabeth. South Africa. Method. A descriptive-retrospective study in the orthopedic department at Livingstone Hospital from January 2004 to January 2006. The variables used were the following: age, sex, affected hip, surgical approach and survivorship of the prosthesis at 12 moths-24 months after surgery. Results. Out of 30 patients operated 22 were males 73,3% the age group more affected was 46-55, 53,3%, the most common cause affecting the hip was the primary osteoarthritis in 17 patients 56,7% and the survivorship of the prosthesis 12 moths after surgery was 100%. Conclusions. Primary osteoarthritis of the hip is a health problem in male youngest patients and the surgical technique hip resurfacing is a very good choice.
    Fundamento: La resuperficialización de la cadera en pacientes jóvenes con osteoartrosis es sin dudas una novedosa técnica quirúrgica que ofrece marcadas ventajas comparadas con las técnicas convencionales de Reemplazo Total de Cadera (RTC. Objetivo: Mostrar la evolución de los pacientes portadores de osteoartrosis de cadera, tratados con la técnica de resuperficialización, en el Hospital Livingstone de Port Elizabeth. Sudáfrica. Método: Se realizó una investigación observacional fundamental, descriptiva, retrospectiva, en el servicio de ortopedia del Hospital Livingstone de Port Elizabeth desde Enero 2004 a Enero 2006, se consideraron las variables: Edad, Sexo, Cadera afectada, Abordaje quirúrgico, Tiempo de supervivencia de

  1. Practice of Performance Appraisal in Wangyuehu Community Health Service Center of Yuelu District in Changsha City%某社区卫生服务中心绩效考核的实践探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳树立

    2011-01-01

    目的 对长沙市岳麓区望月湖社区卫生服务中心绩效考核的实践过程进行分析,探讨如何调动基层医务人员参与社区公共卫生服务的积极性.方法 发放"社区居民健康消费卡",利用信息化系统进行监督、管理及绩效考核.结果 公共卫生服务的数量和质量大幅度提高;社区居民满意度越来越高;中心服务人次从日均30人左右,提高至日均200人左右.结论 发放"社区居民健康消费卡",实现公共卫生服务经费"先给数,后给钱;先分发,后回收",全过程利用进行监督、管理及绩效考核,成功调动了基层医务人员参与公共卫生服务的积极性.%Objective To analyze the practice process of performance appraisal in Wangyuehu Community Health Service Center of Yuelu District in Changsha City, and investigate how to mobilize the initiative of the grass - root medical staff to participate in community public health services. Methods The " community health of residents spending cards" were issued,and the work on supervision, management and performance approval was carried out by using the information systems. Results The quantity and quality of public health services greatly were improved, satisfaction of community residents had been increased constantly, the person times of the center services were increased from 30 or so daily to average of 200 daily. Conclusion by issue of " community health of residents spending cards" the public health service funds gets the condition of " amount first and money second; distribution first and callback second". In the whole process, by using " community health service in operation and performance appraisal systems" , supervision, management and performance approval are carried out, which achieves successful mobilization of the grass - root medical staff's enthusiasm for public health services.

  2. Excite City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans; Jensen, Ole B.

    This paper takes its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on European cities - a pressure which in recent years has found its expression in a number of comprehensive transformations of the physical and architectural environments, and new eventscapes related to fun and cult...... attention is put on a new research project called "Experience City - hybrid cultural projects and performative urban spaces". The thesis and research themes are presented and related to the general framework of present cultural planning and post industrial urban transformation.......This paper takes its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on European cities - a pressure which in recent years has found its expression in a number of comprehensive transformations of the physical and architectural environments, and new eventscapes related to fun...

  3. Study on the Location of Ningbo City Distribution Center Based on AHP fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation%基于 AHP模糊综合评价法的宁波城市共同配送中心选址研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娜; 李晓丹

    2015-01-01

    鉴于城市配送中心选址问题的不确定性和模糊性,文中采用AHP法和模糊综合评价法相结合的方法,将层次分析法的定量性和客观性的优点与模糊综合评价法的包容性有机融合,为城市配送中心的选址提供更有力的决策。最后以宁波的实际情况为例,选择出符合当前宁波经济发展现状的、有利于打造城市共同配送体系的配送中心。%In view of uncertainty and fuzziness of the city distribution center location, this paper adopts the method of combining AHP method and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, which will organically integrate the quantitative and the objectivity of the analytic hierarchy process ( AHP) and the inclusive of fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method,to provide a more powerful decision making for the city distribution center location.Finally, combined with the actual situation in Ningbo, selected the distribution center with the current Ningbo economic development,conducive to the realization of common distribution system of city.

  4. Aplicación de la Escala de Depresión del Center of Epidemiological Studies en adolescentes de la Ciudad de México Application of the revised version of the Center of Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale in adolescent students from Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina González-Forteza

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Probar la validez de constructo, concurrente y externa, y la consistencia interna de la Escala de Depresión del Center for Epidemiologic Studies (CES-D-R en adolescentes. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal con dos cohortes de estudiantes de secundaria del DF. El cuestionario incluyó la CES-D-R y otras escalas sobre problemas relacionados con suicidio, violencia, exposición a oportunidades y consumo de drogas. La participación fue voluntaria y anónima. RESULTADOS: Se incluyó a 1 549 estudiantes (edad promedio, 14 años; DE=1.2. La escala mostró una estructura de seis factores (varianza explicada, 55%, consistencia interna excelente (a=0.93, discriminación significativa entre puntajes extremos (z=-3.695, pOBJECTIVE: To assess the internal consistency, as well as the construct, concurrent and external consistency of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-R in Mexican adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data are from two samples of middle-school students from Mexico City. The questionnaire included the CES-D-R and other scales for suicide problems, peer and family violence, and drug use. RESULTS: The sample included 1 549 students (mean age 14 years, SD=1.2. The CES-D-R showed a six-factor structure (explained variance, 55% with an excellent internal consistency (a=0.93, a significant discriminative power for opposite scores (z=-3.695, p<0.001, and a positive significant correlation with the Roberts Suicidal Ideation Scale (r=0.685, p<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: The CES-D-R has excellent psychometric characteristics for Mexican adolescents and therefore is deemed as an adequate tool for the assessment of depressive symptoms in large samples to detect mental health needs and design preventive interventions.

  5. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trads, Søren Frimann; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Succesful corporate branding requires that questions related to communication, publicity, and organizational structures are adressed. An uncritical adoption of approaches known from tradition product branding will inevitable give problems as the properties of tangible commodities and services......, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of - or willingness...... to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  6. A preliminary investigation of tuberculosis and other diseases in African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    G. Kalema-Zikusoka; R. G. Bengis; A.L. Michel; M.H. Woodford

    2005-01-01

    A survey to determine the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis and certain other infectious diseases was conducted on 42 free-ranging African buffaloes, (Syncerus caffer) from May to June 1997 in the Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda. Using the gamma interferon test, exposure to M. bovis was detected in 21.6 % of the buffaloes. One dead buffalo and an emaciated warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus) that was euthanased, were necropsied; both had miliary gran...

  7. AN IN-SITU PERMEABLE REACTIVE BARRIER FOR THE TREATMENT OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM AND TRICHLOROETHYLENE IN GROUNDWATER: VOLUME 3 MULTICOMPONENT REACTIVE TRANSPORT MODELING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reactive transport modeling has been conducted to describe the performance of the permeable reactive barrier at the Coast Guard Support Center near Elizabeth City, NC. The reactive barrier was installed to treat groundwater contaminated by hexavalent chromium and chlorinated org...

  8. City 2020+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Merbitz, H.; Sachsen, T.; Ketzler, G.; Michael, S.; Klemme, M.; Dott, W.; Selle, K.; Hofmeister, H.

    2010-09-01

    This research initiative CITY 2020+ assesses the risks and opportunities for residents in urban built environments under projected demographic and climate change for the year 2020 and beyond, using the City of Aachen as a case study. CITY 2020+ develops scenarios, options and tools for planning and developing sustainable future city structures. We investigate how urban environment, political structure and residential behavior can best be adapted, with attention to the interactions among structural, political, and sociological configurations and with their consequences on human health. Demographers project that in the EU-25-States by 2050, approximately 30% of the population will be over age 65. Also by 2050, average tem¬peratures are projected to rise by 1 to 2 K. Combined, Europe can expect enhanced thermal stress and higher levels of particulate matter. CITY 2020+ amongst other sub-projects includes research project dealing with (1) a micro-scale assessment of blockages to low-level cold-air drainage flow into the city centre by vegetation and building structures, (2) a detailed analysis of the change of probability density functions related to the occurrence of heat waves during summer and the spatial and temporal structure of the urban heat island (UHI) (3) a meso-scale analysis of particulate matter (PM) concentrations depending on topography, local meteorological conditions and synoptic-scale weather patterns. First results will be presented specifically from sub-projects related to vegetation barriers within cold air drainage, the assessment of the UHI and the temporal and spatial pattern of PM loadings in the city centre. The analysis of the cold air drainage flow is investigated in two consecutive years with a clearing of vegetation stands in the beginning of the second year early in 2010. The spatial pattern of the UHI and its possible enhancement by climate change is addressed employing a unique setup using GPS devices and temperature probes fixed to

  9. Thirsty Cities,Dirty Water

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Rapid economic growth has taken a toll on water quality Houses lining up meandering rivers make Jiaxing in east China’s Zhejiang Province a famed water city.Yet the Venetian-style center is suffering from a water shortage.Jiaxing has a population of more than 3

  10. Fun City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Once the blues guitarist B.B. King sang that when he "didn't wanna live no more", he would go shopping instead. Now, however, shopping has become a lifestyle... The city of today has become "Disneyfied" and "Tivolized". It has become a scene for events. The aim of the book is to encircle and pin ...

  11. Vacant city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marzot, N.

    2013-01-01

    Abandoned places that the crisis has multiplied, unaware wrecks of a project of civilization that has consumed its thrust and life-giving function, are waiting for new desirable interpretations, they are an expression of a possible city in opposition to the existing, even if not recognized by any in

  12. Sin City?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gautier, Pieter A.; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen N.

    2007-01-01

    Is moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? We investigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners by moving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danish couples. We find that of the couples who married in the city

  13. Drone City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2016-01-01

    This paper address the phenomenon of drones and their potential relationship with the city from the point of view of the so-called “mobilities turn”. This is done in such a way that turns attention to a recent redevelopment of the “turn” towards design; so the emerging perspective of “mobilities...... design” will be used as a background perspective to reflect upon the future of drones in cities. The other perspective used to frame the phenomenon is the emerging discourse of the “smart city”. A city of proliferating digital information and data communication may be termed a smart city as shorthand...... on the block” that will potentially be a game-changer for urban governance, economics and everyday life. Here we are thinking of the unmanned aerial vehicle or drone as the popular term has it. Therefore, the paper asks how life in “drone city” may play out. Drones may alter the notion of surveillance by means...

  14. City Geology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markle, Sandra

    1989-01-01

    This article provides information on the evolution of the building material, concrete, and suggests hands-on activities that allow students to experience concrete's qualities, test the heat absorbency of various ground surface materials, discover how an area's geology changes, and search for city fossils. A reproducible activity sheet is included.…

  15. Less Smart More City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocco Papa

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Smart is an expression used in recent years in science, and it refers to someone or something that shows a lively intelligence, with a quick learning curve and a fast response to external stimuli. The present scenario is dominated by the accelerated technological development that involves every aspect of life, enhancing the everyday tools through the use of information and digital processing: everything is smart, even cities. But when you pair the term smart to a complex organism such as the city the significance of the two together is open to a variety of interpretations, as shown by the vast and varied landscape of definitions that have occurred in recent years. Our contribution presents the results of research aimed at analyzing and interpreting this fragmented scene mainly, but not exclusively, through lexical analysis, applied to a textual corpus of 156 definitions of smart city. In particular, the study identified the main groups of stakeholders that have taken part in the debate, and investigated the differences and convergences that can be detected: Academic, Institutional, and Business worlds. It is undeniable that the term smart has been a veritable media vehicle that, on the one hand brought to the center of the discussion the issue of the city, of increasing strategic importance for the major challenges that humanity is going to face,  and on the other has been a fertile ground on which to pour the interests of different groups and individuals. In a nutshell we can say that from the analysis the different approaches that each group has used and supported emerge clearly and another, alarming, consideration occurs: of the smart part of “Smart City” we clearly grasp the tools useful to the each group of stakeholders, and of the city part, as a collective aspiration, there is often little or nothing.

  16. A city of commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    As the largest private investment project in Panama, PIMM is about to become the largest commercial structure on the continent. The wholesale concept of PIMM is combined with a prestigious real estate development in an entire commercial city comprising all necessary facilities to conduct business comfortably,with plenty of accommodation available for visi- tors,showroom owners and staff.Once completed,PIMM will provide no less than 6,800 showrooms,four hotels,one con- vention center,one block of office buildings,and one block of

  17. Reason vs Revelation: Feminism, Malthus, and the New Poor Law in Narratives by Harriet Martineau and Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ella Dzelzainis

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available My article examines the profoundly influential presence of eighteenth-century stadial or ‘four stages' theory in industrial fiction of the early Victorian period. Axiomatic within this Enlightenment theory was the assumption that the treatment of women was a reliable index to the civilized status of any society. The two women writers studied here, Harriet Martineau (1802-76 and Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna (1790-1846, took opposing sides in the debate over Malthusian political economy and interpreted stadial theory in correspondingly different ways. Martineau's enthusiastic Malthusianism in the 'Illustrations of Political Economy '(1832-4 foresaw a feminist future brought about by illimitable progress and the spread of reason. With the deliberate aim of countering Martineau's views, the pre-Millenarian Evangelical Tonna asserted the truth of revelation in 'The Wrongs of Woman' (1843-4 and positioned women's domestic subordination as integral to England's continued pre-eminence as a commercial nation. This essay examines the religious, social and political grounds on which these two adversaries staked their arguments, and does so through an analysis of their fictional accounts of the status, role, and treatment of working women in an industrializing society.

  18. A preliminary investigation of tuberculosis and other diseases in African buffalo (Syncerus caffer in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Kalema-Zikusoka

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available A survey to determine the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis and certain other infectious diseases was conducted on 42 free-ranging African buffaloes, (Syncerus caffer from May to June 1997 in the Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda. Using the gamma interferon test, exposure to M. bovis was detected in 21.6 % of the buffaloes. One dead buffalo and an emaciated warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus that was euthanased, were necropsied; both had miliary granulomas from which M. bovis was isolated. None of the buffaloes sampled in Sector A of the park, which has no cattle interface, tested positive for bovine tuberculosis (BTB exposure. The prevalence and distribution of BTB does not appear to have changed significantly since the 1960s, but this may be due to fluxes in the buffalo population. Serological testing for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD demonstrated positive exposure of 57.1% of the buffaloes sampled, with types A, O and SAT 1-3, which is the first known report of FMD antibodies to A and O types in free ranging African buffaloes. Foot-and-mouth disease virus types SAT 1 and SAT 3 were isolated from buffalo probang samples. Two percent of the buffaloes had been exposed to brucellosis. None of the buffaloes tested had antibodies to rinderpest, leptospirosis or Q fever.

  19. “A purgatory of clichés”: Elizabeth Costello and the Impossible Paradise for Writers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeria Mosca

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available “At the gate” is the closing piece in J. M. Coetzee’s collection of short stories Elizabeth Costello (2003. It depicts Costello, fictitious novelist and prominent character in Coetzee’s late production, and the Kafkaesque waiting-room for Paradise she finds herself in.The first aim of this essay is an exploration of this ambiguous afterlife: surprisingly and disappointingly mundane, it defies traditional expectations. Costello’s afterlife is also a meta-literary construct, and explicitly so. It displays itself as a purgatory of clichés and poor literary imitations, and thus allows Coetzee to expose the limits of literary representation.Costello stands before a gate to Paradise; she is required a statement of belief to pass through, but she feels unable to provide it. She is a writer and, as such, maintains beliefs only provisionally. More than once, though, she is confronted with the idea that having beliefs is what makes us humans. The resulting division between the human and the writing self, and the impossibility of Paradise for the latter, are dealt with in the second part of this essay.Identity and its persistence are central themes in Coetzee's works. In the last part of this essay, "At the Gate" is compared to some of them – most notably, to some sections of Diary of a Bad Year (2007, since there, too, the main character is an author reasoning on the afterlife. 

  20. “Do the next thing”: an interview with Elizabeth Adams St. Pierre on post-qualitative methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanna Guttorm

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Professor Elizabeth Adams St. Pierre’s work focuses on critical and poststructural theories of language and the subject and what she has called post qualitative inquiry or post inquiry. She asks what might come after conventional humanist qualitative research methodology. She’s especially interested in the new empiricisms/new materialisms as well as new research practices enabled by the ontological turn. During St. Pierre's visit to the Finnish Educational Research Association (FERA Conference in Oulu in November 2014, we had the opportunity to talk with her about post qualitative research around some questions we had sent her beforehand. We then transcribed, edited, and translated the interview, and published it in the Finnish journal Kasvatus (Education in spring 2015. In this interview St. Pierre talks in the US context, where qualitative methodology is turning—or being pushed to turn—back to positivism with normalized and formalized practices, St. Pierre encourages researchers to constantly question the prevailing truths and the traditions they have learnt too well.

  1. A preliminary investigation of tuberculosis and other diseases in African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalema-Zikusoka, G; Bengis, R G; Michel, A L; Woodford, M H

    2005-06-01

    A survey to determine the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis and certain other infectious diseases was conducted on 42 free-ranging African buffaloes, (Syncerus caffer) from May to June 1997 in the Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda. Using the gamma interferon test, exposure to M. bovis was detected in 21.6% of the buffaloes. One dead buffalo and an emaciated warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus) that was euthanased, were necropsied; both had miliary granulomas from which M. bovis was isolated. None of the buffaloes sampled in Sector A of the park, which has no cattle interface, tested positive for bovine tuberculosis (BTB) exposure. The prevalence and distribution of BTB does not appear to have changed significantly since the 1960s, but this may be due to fluxes in the buffalo population. Serological testing for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) demonstrated positive exposure of 57.1% of the buffaloes sampled, with types A, O and SAT 1-3, which is the first known report of FMD antibodies to A and O types in free ranging African buffaloes. Foot-and-mouth disease virus types SAT 1 and SAT 3 were isolated from buffalo probang samples. Two percent of the buffaloes had been exposed to brucellosis. None of the buffaloes tested had antibodies to rinderpest, leptospirosis or Q fever. PMID:16137132

  2. A comparison of mortality rates in three prospective studies from Copenhagen with mortality rates in the central part of the city, and the entire country. Copenhagen Center for Prospective Population Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, L B; Vestbo, J; Juel, K;

    1998-01-01

    Copenhagen City Heart Study, whereas mortality rates in the Glostrup Population Studies were similar to rates for the whole country. The mortality rates among participants were lower than in the whole sample, and differences existed in relation to region and selection criteria of the cohorts. The Copenhagen...... Male Study, where only employed men were included, showed the lowest mortality rates, and higher rates were found in the study from the central part of the City (the Copenhagen City Heart Study) compared to the study from the suburbs (the Glostrup Population Studies). The difference between mortality...... rates in the cohorts and in Copenhagen City decreased with increasing age. The SMR converged towards 1.00 with increasing observation time. In conclusion, high participation rates were found in all three studies, resulting in SMR values for participants only slightly lower than in the source population...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Civil Townships for joining with available demographic data, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Indiana Business Research Center (IBRC), Indiana University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2006. It...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Municipal Boundaries for joining with available demographic data, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Indiana Business Research Center (IBRC), Indiana University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2006. It...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, Based on County Assessor Tax Rate Areas, Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, SDSU Research Foundation Center for Homeland Security.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It...

  6. Commuting in a polycentric city

    CERN Document Server

    Roth, Camille; Batty, Michael; Barthelemy, Marc

    2010-01-01

    The spatial arrangement of urban hubs and centers and how individuals interact with these centers is a crucial problem with many applications ranging from urban planning to epidemiology. We utilize here in an unprecedented manner the large scale, real-time 'Oyster' card database of individual person movements in the London subway to reveal the structure and organization of the city. We show that patterns of intraurban movement are strongly heterogeneous in terms of volume, but not in distance, and that there is a polycentric structure composed of simple flow patterns organized around a limited number of activity centers arranged in a hierarchical way. This new understanding can shed light on the impact of new urban projects on the evolution of the polycentric configuration of a city and provides an initial approach to modeling flows in an urban system.

  7. 4 Exhibition Centers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    China's convention and exhibition industry has grown rapidly in recent years, with some of the nation's key cities becoming hubs of internationally renowned expositions, spurred by the construction of new exhibition centers.In 2003, a total of 3,298 conventions and exhibitions were held in China, up from 3,075 in the previous year. The number is estimated to have hit 4,000 in 2004.

  8. Playing with Fire: Conflicting Subjects in Elizabeth Spencer’s The Night Travellers Jouer avec le feu : les rapports conflictuels dans The Night Travellers d’Elizabeth Spencer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérald Préher

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Dans son dernier roman en date, The Night Travellers (1991, initialement intitulé “The Lost Children”, Elizabeth Spencer s’intéresse à une période durant laquelle nombre d’Américains s’interrogeaient sur l’avenir de leur pays. Elle analyse les effets de la guerre du Vietnam sur les vies de Mary Kerr et Jefferson Blaise, tous deux natifs du Sud des États-Unis. Chacun d’eux entre en conflit avec l’ordre établi : Mary ne s’entend pas avec sa mère et Jefferson Blaise s’oppose à la guerre, notamment en luttant contre l’incorporation des jeunes Américains dans l’armée, ce qui fait de lui une menace pour le gouvernement. Les deux jeunes gens quittent le Sud pour le Canada afin de vivre librement leur amour et de permettre à Jefferson Blaise de poursuivre son combat idéologique. Leur fuite leur fait comprendre qu’ils doivent trouver leur place dans un monde chaotique et livrer leur propre guerre de manière à trouver un équilibre. Dans ce roman, Spencer utilise des données historiques et met en lumière des aspects de la guerre qui sont rarement transposés de manière fictionnelle, comme les efforts du gouvernement pour faire taire les voix qui s’élèvent contre sa politique étrangère. Le but de cet article est de montrer combien les conflits personnels des personnages reflètent le contexte historique. La vie souterraine que décrit Spencer permet, en effet, de réfléchir sur l’importance des voix de l’ombre pour faire évoluer les choses.

  9. Car la Lettre tue mais l’Esprit vivifie : une relecture des textes bibliques selon Elizabeth Gaskell For the Letter Killeth, but the Spirit Giveth Life: Elizabeth Gaskell’s Rewriting of the Gospels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamine Toussaint-Thiriet

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available As the anonymous author of “The Hard Church Novel” underlined in his article, “Theology and Literature – the study of God and the study of Man – need to go hand in hand, and are only just beginning to know it”. The links between literature and religion are in fact much older than we might imagine when reading this statement; however, it is a fact that the Victorian period was a time when many authors tried to reconcile secular writing and the Scriptures, to the extent that a new literary genre, the religious novel, was born. Although Elizabeth Gaskell’s works do not belong to this category, she set her heart on reconciling her vocation as a novelist with her beliefs as a Christian. Unlike her husband, she was not a Minister and therefore her own way of preaching the Word of God was to write fiction. She was convinced that the Pharisees had not disappeared with the Advent of Christ and, in her novels, she used her own, sometimes unorthodox, interpretation and rewriting of the Gospels to convert the Pharisees of her own time to the true essence of Christianity. Indeed, her Unitarian education granted her a greater freedom than most of her contemporaries in terms of biblical exegesis, as we can see in many of her works, but most particularly in Ruth, in which the eponymous heroine, a fallen woman, is not only described as a Magdalen but soon turns into a Madonna and then a Christ-like figure.

  10. Spatial Distribution of City Tweets and Their Densities

    CERN Document Server

    Jiang, Bin; Yin, Junjun; Sandberg, Mats

    2016-01-01

    Social media outlets such as Twitter constitute valuable data sources for understanding human activities in the virtual world from a geographic perspective. This paper examines spatial distribution of tweets and densities within cities. The cities refer to natural cities that are automatically aggregated from a country's small street blocks, so called city blocks. We adopted street blocks (rather than census tracts) as the basic geographic units and topological center (rather than geometric center) in order to assess how tweets and densities vary from the center to the peripheral border. We found that, within a city from the center to the periphery, the tweets first increase and then decrease, while the densities decrease in general. These increases and decreases fluctuate dramatically, and differ significantly from those if census tracts are used as the basic geographic units. We also found that the decrease of densities from the center to the periphery is less significant, and even disappears, if an arbitra...

  11. Anecdotes of the Forbidden City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZUOYUANBO; ZHANGXUEYING

    2005-01-01

    Everyone who passes through Beijing's Forbidden City leaves the grounds with two words on their lips: magnificent and awe-inspiring. The seat of imperial power during the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368 - 1911), some twenty-four emperors ruled the nation from within these walls. Now more commonly known as the Palace Museum, the Forbidden City lies at the center of the Chinese capital. Extending 750 meters from east to west and 960 meters from north to south, the 720,000-square-meter city is the largest palatial complex in the world. Guarding the city is a 52-meter-wide, six-meter-deep moat, and a huge wall, which runs three kilometers around the city and stands 10 meters high. Construction lasted 15 years, involving 100,000 artisans and some one million civilians. If the bricks that make up the Forbidden City could speak, they would have many an interesting story to tell. Here are just a few anecdotes.

  12. Conservation of Peary caribou based on a recalculation of the 1961 aerial survey on the Queen Elizabeth Islands, Arctic Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank L. Miller

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available The estimate of 25 845 Peary caribou (Rangifer tarandus pearyi on the Queen Elizabeth Islands (QEI in the Canadian High Arctic in summer 1961 is the only nearly range-wide 'benchmark' for the past number of caribou. No variances or confidence intervals were calculated for this estimate and no estimates were calculated for Peary caribou on the three major islands of Ellesmere, Devon, and Axel Heiberg. We reexamined the 1961 raw data by grouping the QEI into five island-complexes ('eco-units' and calculating, for each unit, the estimated number of caribou and the standard error, and the 95% confidence interval of the estimate, using a 'bootstrap' technique with 100 000 replications. Our goal was to provide an ecological basis for evaluating subsequent changes in numbers rather than relying on single-island evaluations. Our bootstrap reanalysis produced an estimate of 28 288 ± 2205 SE with a 95% CI of 20 436—37 031 Peary caribou on the QEI in summer 1961. Substantial differences in density were apparent among the five eco-units, with about a 50-fold difference from 0.01 caribou • km-2 in the Eastern eco-unit to 0.5 caribou • km-2 in the Northwestern eco-unit. The 1961 findings, with our subsequent reexamination, are crucial to any evaluation of trends for the number of Peary caribou on the QEI and the relative importance of individual eco-units for these animals. These findings also allow a more accurate evaluation of the magnitude of the subsequent decline of Peary caribou on the QEI during the last four decades and may help predict future potential levels for caribou in each of the five eco-units.

  13. Branding Cities, Changing Societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Societal changes are seldom discussed in the literature on city branding. The time element is important because it highlights the fluctuating reality of society. The city brand message freezes the place but in fact, the city branding exercise is a continuous process. Society emerges too. City...... brands are supposed to accentuate the uniqueness of the city, be built from the bottom-up and reflect the city's identity. This paper highlights three paradoxes, pointing out that city branding processes can also make cities more alike, bring about societal changes and forge new city identities. A city...... branding campaign does not just present the city, it may change the city. The relationships between the branding exercise and the city are intertwined in the evolution of the place....

  14. Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

  15. Solar Technology Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boehm, Bob

    2011-04-27

    The Department of Energy, Golden Field Office, awarded a grant to the UNLV Research Foundation (UNLVRF) on August 1, 2005 to develop a solar and renewable energy information center. The Solar Technology Center (STC) is to be developed in two phases, with Phase I consisting of all activities necessary to determine feasibility of the project, including design and engineering, identification of land access issues and permitting necessary to determine project viability without permanently disturbing the project site, and completion of a National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Environmental Assessment. Phase II is the installation of infrastructure and related structures, which leads to commencement of operations of the STC. The STC is located in the Boulder City designated 3,000-acre Eldorado Valley Energy Zone, approximately 15 miles southwest of downtown Boulder City and fronting on Eldorado Valley Drive. The 33-acre vacant parcel has been leased to the Nevada Test Site Development Corporation (NTSDC) by Boulder City to accommodate a planned facility that will be synergistic with present and planned energy projects in the Zone. The parcel will be developed by the UNLVRF. The NTSDC is the economic development arm of the UNLVRF. UNLVRF will be the entity responsible for overseeing the lease and the development project to assure compliance with the lease stipulations established by Boulder City. The STC will be operated and maintained by University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) and its Center for Energy Research (UNLV-CER). Land parcels in the Eldorado Valley Energy Zone near the 33-acre lease are committed to the construction and operation of an electrical grid connected solar energy production facility. Other projects supporting renewable and solar technologies have been developed within the energy zone, with several more developments in the horizon.

  16. Activismo LGBTIQ y ciudadanías sexuales en el Ecuador. Diálogo con Elizabeth Vásquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Lind

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Elizabeth Vásquez es abogada por entrenamiento, activista y fundadora del PROYECTO TRVNSGEN3RO de Quito. En esta entrevista, ella nos habla de los logros y desafíos que ha enfrentado a lo largo de su trayectoria: los orígenes de su activismo legal, sus inspiraciones políticas, su participación como asesora en la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente de 2008 y sus visiones del movimiento lésbico, gay, bisexual, transgénero y intersexual (LGTBI en Ecuador.

  17. Once Upon A Journey - Travel Narratives by Women: The Philosophical Observations of Mary Wollstonecraft and the Cultural Meme of Elizabeth Gilbert

    OpenAIRE

    Faris, Reema

    2015-01-01

    This work analyzes travel writing by Mary Wollstonecraft and Elizabeth Gilbert to demonstrate that travel by women serves as a technology of the self or a means by which to attain a certain state of being. This examination of travel narratives from two different eras also reflects a shift in the nature of travel from a knowledge-expanding endeavour to a self-indulgent one prioritizing individual benefits. This emergent emphasis on travel as a means to self-improvement rather than self-under...

  18. Infección respiratoria aguda en niños que acuden a un centro de desarrollo infantil Incidence of acute respiratory infections in a cohort of infants and children attending a daycare center in Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Nandí-Lozano

    2002-06-01

    . A cohort study was conducted from April to Octuber 1999, among 85 children aged under four years, who attended the daycare center at Hospital Infantil de Mexico (Mexico City's Children's Hospital "Federico Gómez". Acute respiratory infection incidence rates and quarterly point prevalence figures of nasopharyngeal colonization were obtained. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results. A total of 85 children were studied (40 girls and 45 boys during 9 090 children-days of follow-up. Three children had a history of atopia (3.5%, six a history of asthma (7.%, and 39 (46% were exposed to passive smoking. There were 258 events of respiratory tract infection for an incidence rate of 10.3 infections per person-year (95% CI 8.7-12.0. The main clinical syndromes were pharyngitis (95%, acute otitis media (3.5%, and bronchiolitis (1%. The incidence rates of otitis and bronchiolitis were 0.36 and 0.12 per child-year of observation, respectively. The prevalence figures of nasopharyngeal colonization for the three main bacteria were: S. pneumoniae 20.4%; nontypable H. influenzae 13%; and Moraxella catarrhalis 8%. Conclusions. Study results show a high prevalence of colonization due to invasive strains, as well as a two-fold incidence rate of acute respiratory infection, higher than those reported in community surveys. These results add to the description of this poorly documented infectious disease in Mexico.

  19. Sustainable Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    Judging from the number of communities and cities striving or claiming to be sustainable and how often eco-development is invoked as the means for urban regeneration, it appears that sustainable and eco-development have become “the leading paradigm within urban development” (Whitehead 2003......). But what is it that is driving these urban transformations? Clearly, there are many probable answers to this complex question and in what follows we will focus on one particular catalyst of change – urban design competitions. Considered as field changing events (Lampel and Meyer 2008, Anand and Jones 2008......), urban design competitions are understudied mechanisms for bringing about field level changes. Drawing on actor network theory, this paper examines how urban design competitions may bring about changes within the professional field through the use of intermediaries such as a sustainable planning...

  20. Interpretation of the Marginalized Cultural Signs in Elizabeth Jolley' s Milk and Honey%解读《牛奶与蜂蜜》中的边缘文化符号

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁克蕙

    2012-01-01

    《牛奶与蜂蜜》是20世纪澳大利亚女作家伊利莎白·乔利的一部作品,这部作品中蕴含了丰富的文化符号,通过小说中移民、女性和疯癫这三类边缘人的符号可以看出作者对于边缘人生存状况的关注,边缘人不应当被人们看作一种怪物和耻辱,他们也是真正的人类,需要人类的真诚的关怀,生活在中心的人应该肩负起保护弱势群体尊严的责任,这是一种必然的超越现代文化价值观的后现代趋势。%Milk and Honey is the work of 20th century Australian woman writer Elizabeth Jolley. There embodied various cultural signs in it and through the signs of migrants, women and the mad we can see the author' s concern towards the living conditions of those marginalized people. Those living on the mar- gin should not be looked down upon as humble or shameful. Instead, they should be regarded as real hu- man beings as ourselves and be given proper humane care. Those living in the center should shoulder the responsibility of protecting the dignity of the weak and this is an inevitable post-modern tendency transcen- ding modern cultural system of values.

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  2. Tectonic Map of the Ellesmerian and Eurekan deformation belts on Svalbard, North Greenland and the Queen Elizabeth Islands (Canadian Arctic)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piepjohn, Karsten; von Gosen, Werner; Tessensohn, Franz; Reinhardt, Lutz; McClelland, William C.; Dallmann, Winfried; Gaedicke, Christoph; Harrison, Christopher

    2016-04-01

    The tectonic map presented here shows the distribution of the major post-Ellesmerian and pre-Eurekan sedimentary basins, parts of the Caledonian Orogen, the Ellesmerian Fold-and-Thrust Belt, structures of the Cenozoic Eurekan deformation, and areas affected by the Eurekan overprint. The present continental margin of North America towards the Arctic Ocean between the Queen Elizabeth Islands and Northeast Greenland and the present west margin of the Barents Shelf are characterized by the Paleozoic Ellesmerian Fold-and-Thrust Belt, the Cenozoic Eurekan deformation, and, in parts, the Caledonian Orogen. In many areas, the structural trends of the Ellesmerian and Eurekan deformations are more or less parallel, and often, structures of the Ellesmerian Orogeny are affected or reactivated by the Eurekan deformation. While the Ellesmerian Fold-and-Thrust Belt is dominated by orthogonal compression and the formation of wide fold-and-thrust zones on Ellesmere Island, North Greenland and Spitsbergen, the Eurekan deformation is characterized by a complex network of regional fold-and-thrust belts (Spitsbergen, central Ellesmere Island), large distinct thrust zones (Ellesmere Island, North Greenland) and a great number of strike-slip faults (Spitsbergen, Ellesmere Island). The Ellesmerian Fold-and-Thrust Belt was most probably related to the approach and docking of the Pearya Terrane (northernmost part of Ellesmere Island) and Spitsbergen against the north margin of Laurasia (Ellesmere Island/North Greenland) in the earliest Carboniferous. The Eurekan deformation was related to plate tectonic movements during the final break-up of Laurasia and the opening of Labrador Sea/Baffin Bay west, the Eurasian Basin north, and the Norwegian/Greenland seas east of Greenland. The tectonic map presented here shows the German contribution to the Tectonic Map of the Arctic 1:5,000,000 (TeMAr) as part of the international project "Atlas of geological maps of Circumpolar Arctic at 1

  3. Sister Cities Flourish

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Building sister city relation,also known as friendsh ip city,is a common channel for cities in different countries to keep a closer tie and communication.According to the statistics from China International Friendship Cities Association,up to the end of 2007,1087 provinces and states and 314 cities from 120 countries in the world have found their sister cities in China.Among them,Japan has the largest amount of Chinese sister cities,that is 200 provinces and 33 cities,and takes up almost 17 percent of the total number.

  4. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinquan; Zhu

    2007-01-01

    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  5. Kempinski Hotel Beijing Lufthansa Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A shining star on the eastern part of Beijing Kempinski Hotel Beijing Lufthansa Center is located at the heart of the city, a fully integrated business complex with serviced apartments, top-class offices and showrooms. The hotel offers unrivaled conference, business and leisure facilities ideal for business travelers and leisure guests alike. Its impressive blend of grand Chinese cul-

  6. Mapping New York Irish-American Identities: Duality of Spirituality in Elizabeth Cullinan’s Short Story “Life After Death”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicoleta Stanca

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Elizabeth Cullinan’s short story “Life After Death” depicts a day in the life of a young New Yorker, Constance, walking along Lexington Avenue, attending the evening Mass at a Dominican church and visiting the Catholic college where she worked part time to pick up her paycheck. Though the woman is involved with the married Francis Hughes and confronted with the burden of the past and of intricate family dynamics, her voice, which is “the Cullinan narrative voice has become that of one of those sceptical granddaughters grown into a reasonably assured and independent adulthood [...] balanced between then and now, the ethnic and the worldly, and better able to judge self and others because of the doubleness” (Fanning qtd. in Bayor and Meagher 528. Thus, the paper will discuss the manner in which Elizabeth Cullinan maps, in her story, the oscillation of Irish Americans between the ethnic drive and a cosmopolitan individuality gained in New York, with a focus on the value of the duality of consciousness and spirituality, which facilitates enriching and clarifying answers to identity dilemmas.

  7. Raw HYPACK navigation logs (text) collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center offshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  8. Hastings Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Public Events October 19, Hastings Center Seminar, Garrison : Human Genetic Engineering: Wh at Can We Do? What Should We ... Public Events October 19, Hastings Center Seminar, Garrison : Human Genetic Engineering: Wh at Can We Do? What Should We ...

  9. Excel Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Citigroup,one of the World top 500 companies,has now settled in Excel Center,Financial Street. The opening ceremony of Excel Center and the entry ceremony of Citigroup in the center were held on March 31.Government leaders of Xicheng District,the Excel CEO and the heads of Asia-Pacific Region leaders of Citibank all participated in the ceremony.

  10. 基于模糊综合评价法的物流配送中心选址研究--以德邦物流在江苏省泰兴市为例%Research on the Location Selection of the Logistics Distribution Center Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method:A Case Study of Debon logistics in Taixing City,Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余蓉; 陈家锋; 龚娅; 周斌

    2015-01-01

    物流中心合理的选址能够大大降低物流成本费用,提高物流效率。为解决物流企业物流配送中心科学选址问题,分析了物流配送中心选址的影响因素,根据影响因素建立了物流配送中心选址指标体系,并利用层次分析法确定了各级指标的权重,在此基础上,运用模糊综合评价法构建模糊综合评价模型,对德邦物流在江苏省泰兴市3个备选地址进行了评价,得到的结果与现实是相符的,这证明论文提出的国内物流公司在县级市物流中心选址的评价体系具有有效性及可操作性。最后从多个角度对物流配送中心选址给出了相关建议,以此为相关决策者提供有益借鉴。%Reasonable location selection of logistics center can greatly reduce logistic costs and improve logistic efficiency .To solve the problem of scientific location selection of logistics distribution center for the logistics enterprise ,this paper has analyzed the factors which influence the location selection of the logistic distribution center ,established indicators system for the location selection of the logistic distribution center ,and allocated index weights for each level with the method of Analytic Hierarchy Process .Based on these ,this paper has established the evaluation model with the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method , and evaluated the three alternate locations of Debon logistics in Taixing City ,Jiangsu Province .The research results are in accordance with the reality ,which has proved that the Logistics Center Location Evaluation System of county‐level city for domestic logistics companies is valid and operative .Finally ,this paper has provided suggestions from different perspectives for the location selection of the logistics distribution center ,which might be valuable for the relevant decision‐makers .

  11. Job center

    Science.gov (United States)

    To better meet the needs of AGU members, a program has been started to increase the effectiveness of the Job Center activity at the Spring and Fall Meetings. As a result, participation in the Job Center at the 1988 AGU Spring Meeting in Baltimore increased substantially compared to previous Spring Meetings. The number of employers, applicants, and interviews scheduled more than doubled compared to the 1987 Spring Job Center.In order to make the meeting Job Centers even better, a survey is being conducted of employers and applicants who participated in the 1988 Spring Job Center. Evaluation of this survey will be useful in continuing increased participation in and the effectiveness of the Job Center at the 1988 Fall Meeting. Past participants and those interested in the future of the Job Center are encouraged to forward comments and suggestions to AGU, Member Programs Division, 2000 Florida Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20009.

  12. Water changed the cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    An improvement in water infrastructure and cleaning up the waters changed many harbour cities in Denmark at the beginning of the 90s. The harbour cities changed from drity, run-down industrial harbours to clean and attractive harbour dwelling creating new city centres and vital city areas...

  13. Hiedra, cerezos y tulipanes: La iluminación holística del objeto natural en Maria-Mercè Marçal, Elizabeth Smart y Sylvia Plath

    OpenAIRE

    Benito Marqués, Laura

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo propone la identificación de una mirada compartida por tres autoras de lengua catalana e inglesa, Maria-Mercè Marçal, Elizabeth Smart y Sylvia Plath, a través de sus textos: «Heura», «Part nine» y «Tulips». Los tres coinciden en u

  14. 《苏州城墙》:复活每一块城砖的历史记忆--以城墙为中心的吴文化巡礼%The City Walls of Suzhou:To Resurrect the Historical Memory of Each Block Bricks:A Survey of Wu Culrure Centering on City Walls

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙宗广

    2013-01-01

    The City Walls of Suzhou is not a ifrst book on city walls, but compared with similar studies home and abroad, this book, in addition to full and accurate data, pictures, has several prominent features:general size and tolerance, the pursuit of archaeology and measurement precision, highlight of the Wu culture. As for the protection of Suzhou city wall and rehabilitation, this book follows the principles of authenticity and integrity, rather than large-scale restoration and construction. The full collection and collation of literature on ancient city wall, the completion of archaeological and measuring work of the Suzhou ancient city wall ruins and the recovery of historical memory of every piece of brick, are supposed to go before the rehabilitation work. The publication of The City Walls of Suzhou is a remarkable step in all the above-mentioned solid work.%《苏州城墙》一书无意开城墙研究的风气之先,但与国内外的同类研究专著相比,该著除了资料翔实、图文并茂之外,具有几个突出特点:通史的规模与气度、追求考古与测量的精确、凸显吴文化的深厚底蕴。关于苏州城墙的保护与复建,该著认为应认真调研、循序渐进,遵循真实性和整体性原则,不必急于大规模复原与兴建。充分搜集整理古城墙的文献资料、完成苏州古城墙遗址的考古与测量、恢复每一块城砖的历史记忆,理应是走在复建前面的更为扎实有益的工作。《苏州城墙》的编著出版,便是这扎实工作中具有标志性的一步。

  15. Functional Centering

    CERN Document Server

    Hahn, M

    1996-01-01

    Based on empirical evidence from a free word order language (German) we propose a fundamental revision of the principles guiding the ordering of discourse entities in the forward-looking centers within the centering model. We claim that grammatical role criteria should be replaced by indicators of the functional information structure of the utterances, i.e., the distinction between context-bound and unbound discourse elements. This claim is backed up by an empirical evaluation of functional centering.

  16. Diversity in the Schools in New York City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏

    2008-01-01

    New York City is America's classic immigrant city; it was the major historic gateway for the country's eastern and southern European arrivals a century ago and is a major receiving center today. Its immigrant history, the composition and extraordinary diversity of its current immigrant streams, and its institutions have combined to make it an immigrant city like no other in the United States. The immigrant population brings diversity in the social life, and their offspring make the classrooms diverse.

  17. Unrecognized circulation of SAT 1 foot-and-mouth disease virus in cattle herds around Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dhikusooka, Moses Tefula; Ayebazibwe, Chrisostom; Namatovu, Alice;

    2016-01-01

    Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Uganda in spite of the control measures used. Various aspects of the maintenance and circulation of FMD viruses (FMDV) in Uganda are not well understood; these include the role of the African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) as a reservoir for FMDV. To better...... understand the epidemiology of FMD at the livestock-wildlife-interface, samples were collected from young, unvaccinated cattle from 24 pastoral herds that closely interact with wildlife around Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda, and analysed for evidence of FMDV infection. In total, 37 (15 %) of 247...... serum samples had detectable antibodies against FMDV non-structural proteins (NSPs) using a pan-serotypic assay. Within these 37 sera, antibody titres ≥ 80 against the structural proteins of serotypes O, SAT 1, SAT 2 and SAT 3 were detected by ELISA in 5, 7, 4 and 3 samples, respectively, while...

  18. A recent bottleneck in the warthog and elephant populations of Queen Elizabeth National Park, revealed by a comparative study of four mammalian species in Uganda national parks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muwanika, Vincent B.; Siegismund, Hans Redlef; Okello, John Bosco A.;

    2003-01-01

    Until 1972, Uganda's national parks boasted of large numbers of large mammal species. Following the breakdown of law and order between 1972 and 1985, large-scale poaching led to an unprecedented decline in numbers of most large mammals in Uganda's national parks. However, the extent of decline...... microsatellite loci (for elephant and warthog populations) and mitochondrial control sequence variation in the warthogs, elephants, buffaloes and hippopotamuses. Queen Elizabeth National Park showed extreme reduction in nucleotide diversity for two species, the common warthog (p= 0.0%) and African elephant (p= 0...... varied in the different parks across different animal species. We have investigated the genetic effects of these reductions in four mammalian species (the common warthog, African savannah elephant, savannah buffalo and common river hippopotamus) from the three major parks of Uganda using both...

  19. Christening Pagans: Onomastics and Plot in Elizabeth Bowen’s “Daffodils,” “Her Table Spread” and “Look at All Those Roses”

    OpenAIRE

    Vernadakis, Emmanuel

    2008-01-01

    Fondé d’une part sur l’onomastique et de l’autre sur la mythologie, l’article propose une lecture critique de trois nouvelles d’Elizabeth Bowen : “Daffodils”, “Her Table Spread” et “Look at All Those Roses”. Le conte des fées, la mythologie classique et le gothique forment le cadre triparti dans lequel se développent des personnages héritiers ou victimes du passé. À l’encontre de la réalité et pour ressembler à la fable, le passé est une création de l’homme ; il a, pour ainsi dire, « une form...

  20. City Limits, 2004, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana

    Data.gov (United States)

    Louisiana Geographic Information Center — This is a graphical polygon dataset depicting the polygon boundaries of the incorporated city limits of Baton Rouge, Baker, and Zachary within East Baton Rouge...

  1. Cities, Towns, Villages with 1990 Census Population (GNIS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set contains points for 1600 populated places, cities and towns, in New Mexico. The points were generated from latitude and longitude coordinates...

  2. Excavation of Tombs at Locus Ⅱ of the Chaiwopu Forestry Center of Urumqi City%乌鲁木齐市柴窝堡林场Ⅱ号地点墓葬的发掘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    新疆文物考古研究所; 乌鲁木齐文物保护管理所

    2003-01-01

    Ten tombs at this locus 50 km southeast of Urumqi City were excavated in 1994 by the Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and other institutions. They are arranged in order and each consists of a surface mound, an oval underground shaft, and an object pit in some cases. Most of the skeletons are buried singly, and collective burials occur occasionally. The principal burial manner is the extended supine position, and secondary burials are seen sometimes. Among the grave goods plain pottery comes first in amount, and painted ware next. In type there are the single-eared jar, bo bowl, basin, pot, etc. The painted motifs include serrated, peculiar triangular, whorl-like and net patterns. The unearthed bronzes are mainly arrowheads; some tombs yielded irons. Sheep's tail-bones were discovered in most graves. According to ~(14)C dates and comparison with tombs of adjacent areas, this cemetery can be assigned to the time corresponding to the Warring States period.

  3. Comercio ambulante en el Centro Histórico de la ciudad de México (1990-2007 Street Vendors in Mexico City's Historic Center (1990-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Alejandra Silva Londoño

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la relación entre las organizaciones de comerciantes ambulantes y el Estado en la ciudad de México. Sostenemos que debido a la falta de claridad en torno a las reglas del juego que rigen tal relación se produce un espacio para la acción en el que la (informalidad es negociada. Para ello, se hace un análisis de la correlación de fuerzas presente en el retiro de los comerciantes ambulantes en 1993 y en 2007.This article analyzes the link between street vendors' associations and government transparency that surrounds Mexico City. The author holds that lack of the rules of the game governing this relationship creates a space for the negotiation of (informality. To explore this issue, an analysis of the correlation of forces present in the removal of street vendors in 1993 and 2007 is presented.

  4. Distribution center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Distribution center is a logistics link fulfill physical distribution as its main functionGenerally speaking, it's a large and hiahly automated center destined to receive goods from various plants and suppliers,take orders,fill them efficiently,and deliver goods to customers as quickly as possible.

  5. Textile materials trading center formally launched online

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Textile materials trading center was formally launched online in Wuxi City,Jiangsu Province. This is the first third-party electronic trading platform for spot trading in China textile materials professional market. The project will strive to build the most influential textile materials trading center of East China,the whole country and even the whole world China textile materials trading center will be

  6. Study on the correlativity of earthquake's impact on cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘华; 赵凤新; 高孟潭

    2004-01-01

    @@ Introduction With rapid development and advancement of economy and society, lots of city groups or city belts with ex-tra-large cities as their centers have been formed in China. The regions these city groups lie in usually havewell-developed economy, dense population, and are regional politics and culture centers. Some groups lie in theregions with high level of earthquake activity, such as the Surrounding Capital City Group with the centers of Bei-jing and Tianjin. Once a large earthquake occurs, its influence will spread to very extensive region and its disasterwill be tremendous too. So earthquake resistance and disaster mitigation of city group will be very significant issue.The cities in a group have close distance with each other; they can carry out unified preparation for disaster as onewhole and reduce the heavy load of single city before an earthquake, and have an advantage of prompt mutual-aidafter an earthquake because of close distance. It is especially significant to mitigate the lose of lives. One importantprecondition is that all the cities in one group cannot be exposed to the same level of destroy during one earth-quake. So the division of city group in the region with dense cities distribution shall be very significant to theemergent mutual-aid in early time after a large earthquake. For this goal, the characteristics and correlativity ofearthquake′s impact on cities in one group need to clearly be considered. The cities with similar features and strongcorrelativity of historical earthquake influence have large chance to suffer same level destroy during the futurestrong earthquake and are disadvantage to provide mutual-aid and shall not be divided into one group.

  7. Melt evolution in felsic dikes inferred from the composition of gahnite in two new occurrences, Pala Chief and Elizabeth R composite dikes, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heimann, Adriana; Yonts, Jason A.; Wise, Michael A.

    2016-06-01

    We report the occurrence and composition of gahnite ([Zn,Fe,Mg,Mn]Al2O4) in aplites of the Pala Chief and Elizabeth R layered pegmatite-aplite dikes, Pala District, California, and the significance for felsic melt evolution. The aplite is characterized by alternating bands of white, fine-grained plagioclase + quartz + muscovite +/- black tourmaline and thin laminations defined by concentrations of reddish-brown garnet ("line rock"). Accessory gahnite occurs as extremely fine-grained (50-250 μm) green to bluish-green crystals. Gahnite compositions in both occurrences are similar and defined by end-member ranges Ghn83.5-90.9Hc8.7-15Spl0-1.4. Zinc contents in gahnite are high (36.7-39.5 wt.% ZnO for Pala Chief, 37.2-40.2 wt.% ZnO for Elizabeth R), the MgO and MnO contents are negligible (< 0.7 wt.%), and Fe is the main substitution present (< 6.9 wt.% FeO). Gahnite is chemically zoned and characterized by higher Zn (< 2 wt.% ZnO) and lower Fe, Mg, and Mn contents in rims compared to cores, which shows the substitution mechanism, and reflects fast growth during melt evolution via fractional crystallization followed by fast cooling. Compositional variations are greater within individual crystals than among crystals and between laminations, which indicate a homogeneous melt at the aplite scale. Compared with the composition of gahnite from pegmatites worldwide, the studied gahnite reflects a moderate degree of melt evolution. This study confirms the incompatible character of Zn in evolving pegmatite-aplite melts and shows the usefulness of gahnite as a petrogenetic indicator. Because gahnite is a resistant mineral, surficial findings of gahnite with very low Mg contents and Zn contents similar or higher than those measured here may indicate a source of granitic pegmatite-aplite.

  8. Epidemiological aspects of enteroparasitosis at daycare centers in the city of Botucatu, State of São Paulo, Brazil Aspectos epidemiológicos das enteroparasitoses em creches na cidade de Botucatu, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Luciene Maura Mascarini; Maria Rita Donalisio

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of intestinal parasites in children and staff members of 5 municipal daycare centers in Botucatu/SP. Two cross-sectional studies were carried out in 2002 (N=379) and 2003 (N=397) and a longitudinal observational experiment in which the children from 2002 and 2003 were evaluated for a year. Questionnaires were given to staff members and parents of the children, where the following variables were recorded: socioeconomic status, sanitary habits...

  9. City emergency medical services system issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persse, David E.; Bradley, Richard N.

    2003-09-01

    The City of Houston is continuously improving its preparedness for disasters and terrorism. This preparation requires strong and clear leadership. This includes a designated individual to lead the region"s preparation in the health and medical arena. An effective leader requires an effective command and control center. Real-time information on the situation is imperative.

  10. Hangzhou:EAST CITY,WEST LAKE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ View over West Lake,Hangzhou is in Zhejiang Province,eastern coast area of China.It is one of the most important tourism cities here,famous for its natural beauty and historical and cultural heritages,and the political,economic and cultural center of Zhejiang province as well.

  11. Five operating principles for sustainable cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of regulative ideas grounding the philosophical framework and unfolding agenda of the Center for Sustainable Cities at the University of Kentucky are elaborated. Its core concept--the idea of ecological sustainability--is defined. Key implications of these principles and this concept are then clarified

  12. European Cities in the World City Network

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Taylor (Peter)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractThis is primarily an empirical paper that brings together selected results from the GaWC research programme. The latter studies inter-city relations at a global scale. Empirical research is based upon a model of world city network network formation as a product of the location strategies

  13. City Car = The City Car / Andres Sevtshuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sevtshuk, Andres, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Massachusettsi Tehnoloogiainstituudi (MIT) meedialaboratooriumi juures tegutseva Targa Linna Grupi (Smart City Group) ja General Motorsi koostööna sündinud kaheistmelisest linnasõbralikust elektriautost City Car. Nimetatud töögrupi liikmed (juht William J. Mitchell, töögruppi kuulus A. Sevtshuk Eestist)

  14. Future city architecture for optimal living

    CERN Document Server

    Pardalos, Panos

    2015-01-01

      This book offers a wealth of interdisciplinary approaches to urbanization strategies in architecture centered on growing concerns about the future of cities and their impacts on essential elements of architectural optimization, livability, energy consumption and sustainability. It portrays the urban condition in architectural terms, as well as the living condition in human terms, both of which can be optimized by mathematical modeling as well as mathematical calculation and assessment.   Special features include:   ·        new research on the construction of future cities and smart cities   ·        discussions of sustainability and new technologies designed to advance ideas to future city developments   Graduate students and researchers in architecture, engineering, mathematical modeling, and building physics will be engaged by the contributions written by eminent international experts from a variety of disciplines including architecture, engineering, modeling, optimization, and relat...

  15. 76 FR 67533 - Environmental Impact Statement: Cities of South Lake Tahoe, CA and Stateline, NV

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Highway Administration Environmental Impact Statement: Cities of South Lake Tahoe, CA and... behind (south of) Heavenly Village Center (Raley's Shopping Center) and then along a new...

  16. A Crowded City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Over 4 million vehicles on road challenge Beijing’s city management Beijing, the city once known as the kingdom of bicycles, has become clogged with automobiles, the Beijing Municipal Government Publicity Office said on December 18.

  17. Bright Lights, Big Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Overabundant lighting has become another pollution source in the Chinese cities The glow of electric lights illuminating the nights of ever-brighter cities has been regarded as one of the signs of prosperity and modern civilization.

  18. 2014年长沙市中心城区犬只狂犬病免疫效果评估%Immune Effect Evaluation of Dog Rabies in the Center Downtown Area of Changsha City During 2014

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑冠伟; 陈智; 刘增再; 谭丹; 薛爽; 王洪亮; 李蜜; 朱振; 宁华杰

    2015-01-01

    为了解长沙市中心城区犬只狂犬病免疫抗体水平,给相关职能部门提供科学的防控依据,通过不定期采集全市城区17家授权免疫点犬只血样,使用法国SYBIOTICS犬猫狂犬病抗体检测试剂盒进行抗体水平检测。结果显示:2014年长沙市中心城区犬只狂犬病免疫抗体合格率为65.4%;6月龄以下犬只免疫抗体水平较低,仅为25.6%;免疫一次与免疫两次以上的抗体合格率差异性显著(P<0.05);免疫两次不同生产厂家疫苗的抗体合格率差异性显著(P<0.05);免疫三次及以上不同生产厂家疫苗的免疫抗体合格率差异不显著;国产疫苗比进口疫苗的免疫抗体水平要高,但差异不显著。结果提示,应重点关注6月龄以下犬的免疫工作;免疫程序需进一步优化;应继续加大对国产疫苗免疫效果的评估。%In order to know the dog rabies antibody level of the downtown area of Changsha City and provide technical supporting for the relevant functional departments for prevention and control,the blood samples of vaccinated dogs were collected in 17 authorized immune points all over the city,and the antibody-level detection were conducted with the French SYBIOTICS dogs and cats rabies antibody detection kits. The results showed:The overall rate of rabies immune antibody with protective level was 65.4% in downtown area of Changsha City in 2014;for dogs under 6-month-old was 25.6%,relevantly lower. The results also showed: the difference of the rate of antibody with protective level was signifi-cant(P<0.05) between one time vaccination and two times;and the difference was significant (P<0.05)between two time vaccination by using two different vaccines produced by different manufacturers;The difference was not significant be-tween three or more time vaccination by using two different vaccines produced by different manufacturers;The immune antibody level of domestic vaccine was higher than

  19. A City Is a Complex Network

    CERN Document Server

    Jiang, Bin

    2015-01-01

    A city is not a tree but a semi-lattice. To use a more fashionable term, a city is a complex network. The complex network constitutes a unique topological perspective on cities and enables us to better understand the kind of problem a city is. The topological perspective differentiates it from the perspectives of Euclidean geometry and Gaussian statistics that deal with essentially regular shapes and more or less similar things. Many urban theories, such as the Central Place Theory, Zipf's Law, the Image of the City, and the Theory of Centers can be interpreted from the point of view of complex networks. A livable city consists of far more small things than large ones, and their shapes tend to be irregular and rough. This chapter illustrates the complex network view and argues that we must abandon the kind of thinking guided by Euclidean geometry and Gaussian statistics, and instead adopt fractal geometry, power-law statistics, and Alexander's living geometry to develop sustainable cities. Keywords: Scaling, ...

  20. Senior Centers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Karen Albers] We provide a wide variety of activities -- physical, health, mental health programs with Senior Plus, cognitive ... of games. [Narrator] Many senior centers also offer exercise programs. [Karen Albers] We offer aerobics, tai chi, ...

  1. Senior Centers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Living independently at home is something many older adults would like to do as long as they can. Senior centers, adult day care, transportation, and meals programs are long- ...

  2. Senior Centers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... variety of social and recreational activities. [Karen Albers] We provide a wide variety of activities -- physical, health, ... senior centers also offer exercise programs. [Karen Albers] We offer aerobics, tai chi, tap dancing, ballroom dancing, ...

  3. Senior Centers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... transportation, and meals programs are long-term care services available in the community which make it easier ... about senior centers and other long-term care services available in your community, contact the Eldercare Locator ...

  4. Senior Centers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... of games. [Narrator] Many senior centers also offer exercise programs. [Karen Albers] We offer aerobics, tai chi, ... chi, tap dancing, ballroom dancing, square dancing, chair exercise, arthritis classes, yoga, and lots of dancing. [Narrator] ...

  5. Imagineering the city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. van den Berg

    2015-01-01

    Cities today are products. The urban experience is commodified into marketable items by urban entrepreneurs. Urban administrations, city marketers, politicians, local businesses and other actors all over the world are developing entrepreneurial strategies to sell their city. From "‘I ♥ New York"’ to

  6. The Creative Cities Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The Creative Cities Network, started by UNESCO in 2004, is one of the world’s highest-level non-governmental organizations in creative industry. The network focuses on the excellence of its member cities as its main product, and finds ways to maintain relevance in city life, local economy

  7. 京沪粤三大中心城市知识资本发展态势的时序分析%Time Series Analysis of the Developing of the Intellectual Capital of Three Center City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丹; 凌昳方

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays, as the key to promote social and economic development, intellectual capital investment has become the resource for urban construction. However, the manifestation of intellectual capital and the impact on community economy are still worthy of more intensive research. This paper constructes an intellectual capital measurement model on the basis of intellectual capital dynamic value (IC-DVAL) which was proposed by Bounfour. By comparing the data of Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou from 2000 to 2009, the paper analyzes the status and gaps of intellectual capital in three cities, furthermore puts forward some proposals for improvement.%知识已然成为推动社会经济发展的关键资源,知识资本的投入已成为城市发展的原动力.然而知识资本的表现形式以及对社会经济的影响程度还亟待深入分析.本文以Bounfour提出的知识资本动态价值模型(IC-DVAL)为基础,构建我国城市知识资本水平计量模型,通过上海、北京与广州2000-2009年间的10年数据,对比和分析三城市知识资本发展状况以及差距,并提出发展建议.

  8. Tri-Cities Index of Innovation and Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fowler, Richard A.; Scott, Michael J.; Butner, Ryan S.

    2011-01-17

    In 2001 and 2004, the Economic Development Office of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory published companion reports to the Washington Technology Center Index studies that provided additional information on the Tri-Cities (Kennewick-Richland-Pasco) area of the state, its technology businesses, and important advantages that the Tri-Cities have as places to live and do business. These reports also compared the Tri-Cities area to other technology-based metropolitan areas in the Pacific Northwest and nation along critical dimensions known to be important to technology firms. This report updates the material in these earlier reports, and highlights a growing Tri-Cities metropolitan area.

  9. Me, the City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Lidin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The search for identity of cities looks rather urgent and attracts attention of many researchers. Addressing this issue, the article draws an analogy between a human person and a city. Like a city, a human being needs to comprehend his self-identity in order to resist depressive tendencies. It is shown that a person’s depressive symptoms are similar to those of cities. The city identity necessary to resist depression can be searched for both historically and geographically. The historical aspect consists of local myths and legends about the city and the citizens. The geographical aspect of identity comprises features of the terrain, climate, flora and fauna of the region where the city is located.

  10. Survey and Research of Female Sports Consumption of Fitness Centers in Kun Ming City Business%昆明市商业健身场所女性体育消费调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴华椅; 黄金伟

    2011-01-01

    本文主要采用问卷调查法、文献资料法和数据统计法等方法。对昆明市商业健身场所的女性消费者进行基本情况调查、消费动机以及获取健身消费信息途径等调查分析。目的在于为女性消费者提供参考和指导、为商业健身场所提供数据支持。%In this research,the methodologies include: questionnaire,literature reviews,statistic research.Doing Commercial Fitness Centers of Kun Ming City's general survey of female consumers,consumer motivation and consumer access to information channels such as

  11. City of Tallahassee Innovative Energy Initiatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilder, Todd; Moragne, Corliss L.

    2014-06-25

    The City of Tallahassee's Innovative Energy Initiatives program sought, first, to evaluate customer response and acceptance to in-home Smart Meter-enabled technologies that allow customers intelligent control of their energy usage. Additionally, this project is in furtherance of the City of Tallahassee's ongoing efforts to expand and enhance the City's Smart Grid capacity and give consumers more tools with which to effectively manage their energy consumption. This enhancement would become possible by establishing an "operations or command center" environment that would be designed as a dual use facility for the City's employees - field and network staff - and systems responsible for a Smart Grid network. A command center would also support the City's Office of Electric Delivery and Energy Reliability's objective to overcome barriers to the deployment of new technologies that will ensure a truly modern and robust grid capable of meeting the demands of the 2151 century.

  12. Epidemiological aspects of enteroparasitosis at daycare centers in the city of Botucatu, State of São Paulo, Brazil Aspectos epidemiológicos das enteroparasitoses em creches na cidade de Botucatu, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciene Maura Mascarini

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of intestinal parasites in children and staff members of 5 municipal daycare centers in Botucatu/SP. Two cross-sectional studies were carried out in 2002 (N=379 and 2003 (N=397 and a longitudinal observational experiment in which the children from 2002 and 2003 were evaluated for a year. Questionnaires were given to staff members and parents of the children, where the following variables were recorded: socioeconomic status, sanitary habits, home, age, gender and presence of domestic animals. Coproparasitologic tests were carried out in child daycare centers. The enteroparasite prevalence was 76.74% in 2002 and 34% in 2003. The variables associated with presence of enteroparasites in the investigation carried out in 2002 were: location of daycare centers (OR=0.27 CI=0.15-0.47; family salary (OR=4.38 CI=1.91-10.04; gender (OR=0.52 CI=0.32-0.85; child's age group (OR=2.08 CI=1.06-4.08, and presence of pets at home (OR=1.85 CI=1.10-3.11; in 2003, the variables were: daycare centers located in peripheral region (OR=0.49 CI=0.31-0.78, family salary (OR=3.69 CI=2.19-6.24; mother's education (OR=6.19 CI=1.81-21.21; gender (OR=0.58 CI=0.36-0.93, and presence of pets (OR=1.68 CI=1.01-2.79. The cohort had 253 children with an incidence of 23.22%. Data from this study highlighted situations of risk in specific populations (daycare centers, which could be useful for other childcare institutions.Estimou-se a prevalência e a incidência de parasitas intestinais em crianças e funcionários de 5 creches municipais em Botucatu/SP. Foram realizados dois estudos seccionais em 2002 (N=379 e 2003 (N=397 e um estudo longitudinal observacional, onde as crianças de 2002 e 2003 foram seguidas por um ano. Foram aplicados questionários nos funcionários e nos pais das crianças, onde foram coletadas as seguintes variáveis: nível sócio-econômico, hábitos sanitários, moradia, idade, sexo e presença de animais dom

  13. City Carbon Footprint Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangwu Chen

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Progressive cities worldwide have demonstrated political leadership by initiating meaningful strategies and actions to tackle climate change. However, the lack of knowledge concerning embodied greenhouse gas (GHG emissions of cities has hampered effective mitigation. We analyse trans-boundary GHG emission transfers between five Australian cities and their trading partners, with embodied emission flows broken down into major economic sectors. We examine intercity carbon footprint (CF networks and disclose a hierarchy of responsibility for emissions between cities and regions. Allocations of emissions to households, businesses and government and the carbon efficiency of expenditure have been analysed to inform mitigation policies. Our findings indicate that final demand in the five largest cities in Australia accounts for more than half of the nation’s CF. City households are responsible for about two thirds of the cities’ CFs; the rest can be attributed to government and business consumption and investment. The city network flows highlight that over half of emissions embodied in imports (EEI to the five cities occur overseas. However, a hierarchy of GHG emissions reveals that overseas regions also outsource emissions to Australian cities such as Perth. We finally discuss the implications of our findings on carbon neutrality, low-carbon city concepts and strategies and allocation of subnational GHG responsibility.

  14. Senior Centers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... dancing. [Narrator] These centers can provide entree to new activities and expand a person’s social contacts. [Karen ... meeting all their interests and introducing them to new things; whether it’s an arts and crafts project, ...

  15. Mobility and accessibility in historic cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Ana Carla; Paschoalin, Rachel Filgueiras; Castañon, José Alberto

    2012-01-01

    The historic cities of Brazil, despite its colonial structure, don't fail to go through transformations that affect contemporary cities, which is the main source of problems, leading to new approaches to urban issues such as mobility and accessibility. The uncontrolled growth of tourism in the historic cities can be considered as a big problem, because at the same time, they have committed to the conservation of its built heritage and demand control of the activities that occur in their areas without harm. Then, a permanent dialogue between conservatives and planners could be accomplished by joining the various sectoral policies. The study of urban mobility in historical sites was in fact the focus of this work because of their peculiarities, such as its specific characteristics of urban structure, morphology and occupation. In fact, the development of tourism in historic centers generates specific demands, such as adaptation to new uses of the houses, intensive movement of people and vehicles, illegal parking, among others. Beyond threatening the city preservation, does not provide mobility and accessibility to tourists, because these cities were not designed for the tourism conditions and needs of contemporary life. Characteristic features of Brazilian baroque cities, such as topography , the narrow streets, narrow or nonexistent sidewalks, steep turns and ramps strong, are not suitable for heavy vehicles, traffic and pedestrian circulation. Thus, studies concerning conservation urban integrated are aimed at an approach to interaction between historic preservation of the environment with the dynamic socio-economic of the local. PMID:22317715

  16. What is Clean Cities? October 2011 (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    Brochure describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 85 coalitions. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP), Clean Cities is a government-industry partnership that reduces petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. Clean Cities contributes to the energy, environmental, and economic security of the United States by supporting local decisions to reduce our dependence on imported petroleum. Established in 1993 in response to the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992, the partnership provides tools and resources for voluntary, community-centered programs to reduce consumption of petroleum-based fuels. In nearly 100 coalitions, government agencies and private companies voluntarily come together under the umbrella of Clean Cities. The partnership helps all parties identify mutual interests and meet the objectives of reducing the use of petroleum, developing regional economic opportunities, and improving air quality. Clean Cities deploys technologies and practices developed by VTP. These include idle-reduction equipment, electric-drive vehicles, fuel economy measures, and renewable and alternative fuels, such as natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, and biogas. Idle-reduction equipment is targeted primarily to buses and heavy-duty trucks, which use more than 2 billion gallons of fuel every year in the United States while idling. Clean Cities fuel economy measures include public education on vehicle choice and fuel-efficient driving practices.

  17. 混合功能发展与需求侧供能--高密度亚洲城市中心区再发展的节能契机%Mixed Function Development And Demand-Side Energy Supply Energy Saving Opportunity Of High Density Asia City Center Area Redevelopment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄林琳

    2015-01-01

    Under condition of energy-saving emission reduction promoting the city urbanization is a major topic in our country. This article tries to analyze correlation from the land use and energy usage types, based on demand-side energy supply modes, such as rapid development efficient use of waste heat in recent years (CCHP or DES) as technical conditions, from energy efficiency to explore energy saving opportunity of high density Asia city center area redevelopment, in order to achieve final maximization of architecture infrastructure service, minimization of urban activities consumption resources and diversification of residents activity types, new mixed function development theory model–EEOD( energy efficiency-oriented development mode).%在节能减排的前提下推进城市化进程是我国当前面临的重大课题。该文尝试从土地利用与用能类型之间的相关性入手,以近年来快速发展的以高效利用余热为特色的需求侧供能模式(CCHP或DES)为技术条件,从能效出发发掘高密度亚洲城市中心区的节能契机,最终架构基础设施服务范围最大化、城市活动消耗资源最小化、居民活动类型多样化的新型“混合功能发展”理论模式——EEOD。

  18. Citizen centered design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Mulder

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Today architecture has to design for rapidly changing futures, in a citizen-centered way. That is, architecture needs to embrace meaningful design. Societal challenges ask for a new paradigm in city-making, which combines top-down public management with bottom-up social innovation to reach meaningful design. The biggest challenge is indeed to embrace a new collaborative attitude, a participatory approach, and to have the proper infrastructure that supports this social fabric. Participatory design and transition management are future-oriented, address people and institutions. Only through understanding people in context and the corresponding dynamics, one is able to design for liveable and sustainable urban environments, embracing the human scale.

  19. Do centro à periferia: meio ambiente e cotidiano na cidade de São Paulo From center to periphery: environment and daily life in the city of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Jacobi

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta resultados de pesquisa que aborda a percepção dos moradores sobre os problemas ambientais, a forma de resolução e os agentes envolvidos. Os problemas ambientais urbanos são pesquisados no nível domiciliar através da percepção que os moradores têm de suas qualidade e condições de vida. Para apresentar as diferenças nas percepções, nas atitudes e nas condições sócio-ambientais do município, foram escolhidas três regiões que representam os estratos de alta, média e baixa renda que residem nas regiões central, intermediária e periférica. Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que, apesar das conhecidas diferenças entre áreas centrais e periféricas, os moradores revelam uma grande dependência da ação governamental. As diferenças na ênfase dada aos problemas entre as três regiões mostram que enquanto os mais excluídos privilegiam o aspecto quantitativo -garantia do acesso ao serviço- os moradores dos bairros centrais e intermediários privilegiam uma perspectiva global do serviço -limpeza dos rios, fontes de água e reservatórios de água. Os resultados reforçam as já bem conhecidas diferenças e desigualdades entre as áreas centrais, intermediárias e periféricas da cidade, sendo que neste complexo contexto urbano, a realidade sócio-ambiental de uma grande parte da população está caracterizada pelas dimensões da exclusão, dos problemas, do risco, da falta de informação e dos canais de participação.This paper reviews the differences in household perceptions of what constitutes environmental problems, what should be done about them, and who should take action. Built on a household survey undertaken in the city of São Paulo, the paper presents the environmental conditions in three selected areas: one central, one intermediate, and one peripheral. People's responses to improve the environment are then compared. In the lower peripheral area, the main concern relates to the lack of

  20. Early elevation of serum MMP-3 and MMP-12 predicts protection from World Trade Center-lung injury in New York City Firefighters: a nested case-control study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophia Kwon

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: After 9/11/2001, some Fire Department of New York (FDNY workers had excessive lung function decline. We hypothesized that early serum matrix metalloproteinases (MMP expression predicts World Trade Center-Lung Injury (WTC-LI years later. METHODS: This is a nested case-control analysis of never-smoking male firefighters with normal pre-exposure Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1 who had serum drawn up to 155 days post 9/11/2001. Serum MMP-1, 2,3,7,8, 9, 12 and 13 were measured. Cases of WTC-LI (N = 70 were defined as having an FEV1 one standard deviation below the mean (FEV1 ≤ 77% at subspecialty pulmonary evaluation (SPE which was performed 32 months (IQR 21-53 post-9/11. Controls (N = 123 were randomly selected. We modeled MMP's ability as a predictor of cases status with logistic regression adjusted for time to blood draw, exposure intensity, weight gain and pre-9/11 FEV1. RESULTS: Each log-increase in MMP-3 and MMP-12 showed reduced odds of developing WTC-LI by 73% and 54% respectively. MMP-3 and MMP-12 consistently clustered together in cases, controls, and the cohort. Increasing time to blood draw significantly and independently increased the risk of WTC-LI. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated serum levels of MMP-3 and MMP-12 reduce the risk of developing WTC-LI. At any level of MMP-3 or 12, increased time to blood draw is associated with a diminished protective effect.

  1. Early Elevation of Serum MMP-3 and MMP-12 Predicts Protection from World Trade Center-Lung Injury in New York City Firefighters: A Nested Case-Control Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echevarria, Ghislaine C.; Comfort, Ashley L.; Naveed, Bushra; Prezant, David J.; Rom, William N.; Nolan, Anna

    2013-01-01

    Objective After 9/11/2001, some Fire Department of New York (FDNY) workers had excessive lung function decline. We hypothesized that early serum matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) expression predicts World Trade Center-Lung Injury (WTC-LI) years later. Methods This is a nested case-control analysis of never-smoking male firefighters with normal pre-exposure Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1) who had serum drawn up to 155 days post 9/11/2001. Serum MMP-1, 2,3,7,8, 9, 12 and 13 were measured. Cases of WTC-LI (N = 70) were defined as having an FEV1 one standard deviation below the mean (FEV1≤77%) at subspecialty pulmonary evaluation (SPE) which was performed 32 months (IQR 21–53) post-9/11. Controls (N = 123) were randomly selected. We modeled MMP's ability as a predictor of cases status with logistic regression adjusted for time to blood draw, exposure intensity, weight gain and pre-9/11 FEV1. Results Each log-increase in MMP-3 and MMP-12 showed reduced odds of developing WTC-LI by 73% and 54% respectively. MMP-3 and MMP-12 consistently clustered together in cases, controls, and the cohort. Increasing time to blood draw significantly and independently increased the risk of WTC-LI. Conclusions Elevated serum levels of MMP-3 and MMP-12 reduce the risk of developing WTC-LI. At any level of MMP-3 or 12, increased time to blood draw is associated with a diminished protective effect. PMID:24146820

  2. 五省市乡镇卫生院人员离职概率的结构方程模型分析*%The Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of Resignation Probability in Township Health Centers in 5 Provinces and Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋奎勐; 孟庆跃

    2013-01-01

      目的:基于ERG需要理论,分析影响我国乡镇卫生院人员离职概率的因素。方法:以ERG需要理论为基础构建结构方程模型。样本包括5省市403名乡镇卫生院人员。结果:模型拟合结果较好,生存需要和关系需要的满足程度是导致乡镇卫生院人员离职的主要因素。结论:政策制定者应切实保障乡镇卫生院人员的收入和待遇,完善乡镇卫生院的工作条件和生活便利措施,降低卫生院人员的离职概率。%Objective: According to ERG ( Existence Relatedness Growth) needs theory, analyze factors influencing the resignation probability in Township Health Centers (THC). Methods: Structural equation model was used based on ERG needs theory. The sample consists of 403 stuffs in the THC. Results: The result of model fitting goes well. The satisfaction levels of the needs to survive and the needs of relationship become the major influencing factors of resignation probability in the THC. Conclusion: To reduce the resignation probability in THC, it needs to guarantee their income and benefits, improve working condition and living convenience facilities.

  3. The Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of Resignation Probability in Township Health Centers in 5 Provinces and Cities%五省市乡镇卫生院人员离职概率的结构方程模型分析*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋奎勐; 孟庆跃

    2013-01-01

    Objective: According to ERG ( Existence Relatedness Growth) needs theory, analyze factors influencing the resignation probability in Township Health Centers (THC). Methods: Structural equation model was used based on ERG needs theory. The sample consists of 403 stuffs in the THC. Results: The result of model fitting goes well. The satisfaction levels of the needs to survive and the needs of relationship become the major influencing factors of resignation probability in the THC. Conclusion: To reduce the resignation probability in THC, it needs to guarantee their income and benefits, improve working condition and living convenience facilities.%  目的:基于ERG需要理论,分析影响我国乡镇卫生院人员离职概率的因素。方法:以ERG需要理论为基础构建结构方程模型。样本包括5省市403名乡镇卫生院人员。结果:模型拟合结果较好,生存需要和关系需要的满足程度是导致乡镇卫生院人员离职的主要因素。结论:政策制定者应切实保障乡镇卫生院人员的收入和待遇,完善乡镇卫生院的工作条件和生活便利措施,降低卫生院人员的离职概率。

  4. Lost Cities, Recovered Cities: Technology in the Service of the Past

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Fernández Ruiz

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Cities are living entities that change almost daily but its people are aware of it. They forget the state before the great changes and people become accustomed to the new urban image. In a hundred years a city can completely change its appearance and even its essence. This is the case of Granada, where its historic center was heavily modified during the nineteenth century. These changes have been studied by a project analyzing and virtually rebuilding the historic city. The work ranges from the Rey Chico, below the Alhambra palace, to Puerta Real, restoring the image of the city around 1831, based on the engravings and descriptions of romantic travelers, on the previous alignments and transformations in old pictures.

  5. Extreme Rainfall In A City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nkemdirim, Lawrence

    Cities contain many structures and activities that are vulnerable to severe weather. Heavy precipitation cause floods which can damage structures, compromise transportation and water supply systems, and slow down economic and social activities. Rain induced flood patterns in cities must be well understood to enable effective placement of flood control and other regulatory measures. The planning goal is not to eliminate all floods but to reduce their frequency and resulting damage. Possible approaches to such planning include probability based extreme event analysis. Precipitation is normally the most variable hydrologic element over a given area. This variability results from the distribution of clouds and in cloud processes in the atmosphere, the storm path, and the distribution of topographical features on the ground along path. Some studies suggest that point rainfall patterns are also affected by urban industrial effects hence some agreement that cities are wetter than the country surrounding them. However, there are still questions regarding the intra- urban distribution of precipitation. The sealed surfaces, urban structures, and the urban heat anomaly increase convection in cities which may enhance the generation of clouds. Increased dust and gaseous aerosols loads are effective condensation and sublimation nuclei which may also enhance the generation of precipitation. Based on these associations, the greatest amount of convection type rainfall should occur at city center. A study of summer rainfall in Calgary showed that frequencies of trace amounts of rainfall and events under 0.2mm are highest downtown than elsewhere. For amounts greater than than 0.2 mm, downtown sites were not favored. The most compelling evidence for urban-industrial precipitation enhancement came from the Metromex project around St. Loius, Missouri where maximum increases of between 5 to 30 per cent in summer rainfall downwind of the city was linked to urbanization and

  6. Cities and human security

    OpenAIRE

    Szpak, Agnieszka

    2016-01-01

    Cities have been researched mostly in terms of their economic, technological, and social value and significance. Despite some changes in this respect there is still a need to research cities as a fascinating phenomenon, also in respect of its capabilities to increase human security on a local and global scale. The article examines the role of cities for human security in the selected and representative fields such as sustainable development, human rights and environmental protection which are...

  7. Assimilation in multilingual cities

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega, Javier; Verdugo, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    International audience We characterise how the assimilation patterns of minorities into the strong and the weak language differ in a situation of asymmetric bilingualism. Using large variations in language composition in Canadian cities from the 2001 and 2006 Censuses, we show that the differences in the knowledge of English by immigrant allophones (i.e. the immigrants with a mother tongue other than English and French) in English-majority cities are mainly due to sorting across cities. In...

  8. Assimilation in multilingual cities

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega, Javier

    2011-01-01

    Using the Public Use Microdata Files of the 2001 and 2006 Canadian Censuses, we study the determinants of the assimilation of language minorities into the city majority language. We show that official minority members (i.e. francophones in English-speaking cities and anglophones in French-speaking cities) assimilate less than the "allophones" (the individuals with a mother tongue other than English or French), and that immigrants generally assimilate less than natives. In addition, the langua...

  9. Introducing competition in urban consolidation center freight allocation modeling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Simoni, M.D.; Wiegmans, B.; Van Duin, J.H.R.; Zuidwijk, R.A.

    2015-01-01

    Urban consolidation center (UCC) represents in many cities the most chosen solution by the local governments to reduce the negative impacts of city freight distribution. In order to achieve successful results, it is important to consider also the perspective of carriers with respect to the choice of

  10. EU Smart City Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmela Gargiulo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years European Commission has developed a set of documents for Members States tracing, directly or indirectly, recommendations for the transformation of the European city. The paper wants to outline which future EU draws for the city, through an integrated and contextual reading of addresses and strategies contained in the last documents, a future often suggested as Smart City. Although the three main documents (Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 of European Community, Digital Agenda for Europe and European Urban Agenda face the issue of the future development of European cities from different points of view, which are respectively cohesion social, ICT and urban dimension, each of them pays particular attention to urban and territorial dimension, identified by the name of Smart City. In other words, the paper aims at drawing the scenario of evolution of Smart Cities that can be delineated through the contextual reading of the three documents. To this end, the paper is divided into three parts: the first part briefly describes the general contents of the three European economic plan tools; the second part illustrates the scenarios for the future of the European city contained in each document; the third part seeks to trace the evolution of the Smart Cities issue developed by the set of the three instruments, in order to provide the framework of European Community for the near future of our cities

  11. Different Creative Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Mark; Vaarst Andersen, Kristina

    2012-01-01

    and exhibits a tendency of congregating in major cities with diverse service and cultural offers and tolerance to non-mainstream lifestyles. However, we find that a range of smaller Danish cities also attract the creative class. Second, we undertake qualitative interviews that facilitate theory building. We...... suggest that many creatives are attracted by the smaller cities' cost advantages, specialized job offers, attractive work/life balances, and authenticity and sense of community. The article synthesizes its results into four stylized types of creative cities, and concludes by discussing the policy...

  12. Smart City: aspetti geomatici di un paradigma “fuzzy”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Fiduccia

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Il concetto di Smart City viene proposto con molte varianti non sempre tra loro coerenti. Ne sceglieremol’accezione che propone la possibilità di una migliore qualità della vita negli spazi urbani rimpiazzandone lacaotica complessità con innovazioni tecnologiche per realizzare i nostri progetti di lavoro e di vita. All’interno delparadigma ci concentreremo sugli specifici aspetti del segmento disciplinare della geomatica.Smart City: geomatics aspects of afuzzy paradigmThe label smart city is still quite a fuzzyconcept and is used in ways that arenot always consistent. We endorsethe definition that “a city can be definedas ‘smart’ when investments inhuman and social capital and traditional(transport and modern (ICTcommunication infrastructure fuelsustainable economic developmentand a high quality of life, with a wisemanagement of natural resources,through participatory governance”.Geomatics provides a set of conceptsand tools for the planningand management of Smart Cities(City Sensing,City Model, ProximalSensing, WIKI Sensing, etc. The IntegratedOperations Center (IOCis the foundation using geographictechnologies to join Smart City withSafe City. Smart Grid Systems are away to make operational the urbansosteneability in the energy sector.Some Intergraph’s technologies areused as examples of the contributionof geomatics in the implementationof Smart City paradigm.

  13. IRASM Center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    IRASM is a national center for radiation processing developed around an industrial Co60 gamma irradiator. Being a department in an R and D national institute, IRASM Center is dealing with radiation treatment, pre/post microbiological control, validation of irradiation sterilization, detection of irradiated foodstuffs. Training is available for operators of new irradiation facilities focused on radiation technologies, dosimetry, sterilization, food treatment, conservation by irradiation of cultural heritage, quality assurance. Expertise on proper choosing the plastics for packaging versus dose is offered to the potential clients. IRASM Center is also involved in interdisciplinary applied research like chitosan treatment, sterile male technique or implementation of irradiation step in production of pharmaceuticals. All important activities: irradiation treatment, dosimetry, microbiology, detection of irradiated food, radioprotection, nuclear safety, physical protection. are performed in accordance with the proper standards in the frame of a certified quality management system. In this way Co60 industrial sources, a byproduct of certain nuclear power plants like Candu type, appear to be the key of a large technical and R and D domain. (authors)

  14. Intervention Effect of AIDS Related Knowledge and Behavior among Female Sex Workers in Reeducation Center of Public Security Bureau in Shanghai City%上海市公安局收容教育所暗娼艾滋病知识行为干预效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娜; 朱宏亮; 杨兴堂; 刘效峰; 林娜; 徐菊英

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨上海市公安局收容教育所暗娼性病/艾滋病(STD/AIDS)相关知识的知晓情况,通过出入所知晓率的比较,对收教所内宣教、干预效果进行初步评估.方法:按照国家统一制定的国家级暗娼综合点调查表,同时结合上海市宝山区健康教育性病相关知识条目开展调查:收集人口学资料、STD/AIDS相关知识条目等信息.在2008、2009年新入所学员中随机抽取196名开展出入所自身对照调查.结果:196名接受出入所调查的暗娼中,已婚者85人,占43.4%;未婚者78人,占39.8%;同居者1人,占0.5%;离异丧偶者32人,占16.3%.20岁以下18人,占9.2%;20-29岁89人,占45.4%;30-39岁70人,占35.7%;40岁以上19人,占9.7%.入所时暗娼艾滋病知识知晓率为76.2%,出所时知晓率为98.2%,经卡方检验,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:入所时暗娼人群中艾滋病知识知晓率偏低,但通过在收教所内的多次干预,该人群中艾滋病防治知识知晓率有了明显提高,提示健康宣教在艾滋病性病防治工作中的重要性.%[ Objective ] To investigate the awareness of knowledge related to STD / AIDS among female sex workers ( FSWs ) in reeducation center of public security bureau of Shanghai City, and preliminary evaluate the intervention effects in reeducation center through comparison of the awareness rate of FSWs into center and out center. [ Methods ] The investigation was based on the FSW questionnaire designed by national unity combined with the items of STD related knowledge in Baoshan District. The demographic data, STD / AIDS related knowledge and behavior and other information were collected. A total of 196 new students were selected randomly for set self-control study during 2008 to 2009. [ Results] Of 196 respondents, 85 ( 43.4% ) were married, 78 ( 39.8% ) were unmarried, 1 (0.5%) was cohabitant, 32 (16.3%) were divorced or widowed. FSWs below age of 20 accounted for 9.2%, 20 ~29-year

  15. Geochemical characterization of slags, other mines wastes, and their leachates from the Elizabeth and Ely mines (Vermont), the Ducktown mining district (Tennessee), and the Clayton smelter site (Idaho)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piatak, Nadine M.; Seal, Robert R., II; Hammarstrom, Jane M.; Meier, Allen L.; Briggs, Paul H.

    2003-01-01

    Waste-rock material produced at historic metal mines contains elevated concentrations of potentially toxic trace elements. Two types of mine waste were examined in this study: sintered waste rock and slag. The samples were collected from the Elizabeth and Ely mines in the Vermont copper belt (Besshi-type massive sulfide deposits), from the Copper Basin mining district near Ducktown, Tennessee (Besshi-type massive sulfide deposits), and from the Clayton silver mine in the Bayhorse mining district, Idaho (polymetallic vein and replacement deposits). The data in this report are presented as a compilation with minimal interpretation or discussion. A detailed discussion and interpretation of the slag data are presented in a companion paper. Data collected from sintered waste rock and slag include: (1) bulk rock chemistry, (2) mineralogy, (3) and the distribution of trace elements among phases for the slag samples. In addition, the reactivity of the waste material under surficial conditions was assessed by examining secondary minerals formed on slag and by laboratory leaching tests using deionized water and a synthetic solution approximating precipitation in the eastern United States.

  16. Updates from the Sixth International Congress 'Psoriasis: from Gene to Clinic', the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre, London, U.K., 1-3 December 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shams, K; Burden, A D

    2012-10-01

    The 15 years between the First International Congress 'Psoriasis: from Gene to Clinic' and the Sixth Congress held in London from 1 to 3 December 2011 have seen extraordinary progress in the sciences that are relevant to psoriasis and therapeutics that have transformed its treatment. Over this time, 'Psoriasis: from Gene to Clinic' has emerged as the premier conference for clinicians and scientists interested in this field. Its popularity is attested to by the 450 registered delegates from the U.K. and around the world, which necessitated a change of venue to the excellent facilities of the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre. Although the content has evolved over the years, the structure of this 3-day conference has remained similar. The first day was given to genetics, comorbidities and outcome measures. Immunology and immunity were covered on the second day and therapeutics on the third. The stature of the three keynote lecturers and eight invited speakers was truly world class and their presentations were interspersed with 23 free communications. Here we review highly selected personal highlights of the meeting that we hope will be of general interest.

  17. The study on the depositional styles of major ions and the climatic effect of nssSO2-4 in Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Snow samples collected from a 50 m firn core and two snow pits along the route of the 1996/1997 Chinese First Antarctic Inland Traverse Expedition in Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica, have been analyzed for chemical composition and oxygen isotope ratio. Analyzing the relationship between the concentration and flux of major ions and accumulation rate can draw the following conclusions. 1 ) The concentrations of major ions in the atmosphere in the study region is big enough so that the concentrations of the ions do not vary with snow accumulation rate, that is to say, the concentrations of major chemical species are independent of snow accumulation rate. 2) The results of analyzing the depositional styles of major chemical species suggest that wet deposition dominates the major ions flux. In addition, there is no apparent correlation between nssSO2-4 fluctuations and isotope profile. This would indicate the short-term climatic effect of volcanism is not evident in the region.

  18. 2010与2012年安康中心城区蚊类调查研究%Investigation on the mosquitoes in the center urban area of Ankang City in 2010 and 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘平; 周以军; 原凌云; 张永英; 马小明; 蒋定康; 杨俊锋

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the seasonal change rules of population density of mosquitoes in the center urban of Ankang in 2010 and 2012,so as to provide basis for formulating control and prevention measures.Methods Lamp baited trap method was applied to the surveillance from April to October in 2010 and 2012 at different breeding places of the mosquito,and the mosquitoes captured were classified and counted.Results A total of 4 genera and 7 species of mosquitoes were captured,including culex tritaeniorhynchus,culex pipiens pallens,armigeres subalbatus,culex fatigans and anopheles sinensis,which accounted for 45.33%,35.75%,9.42%,4.95%,4.49%,respectively.The seasonal growth and decay of mosquitoes were the same in 2010 and 2012.Mosquitoes began to appear at the beginning of April,density peak appeared from late May to early August,and the highest density appeared from late May to early July.From early August to late October,mosquito seasonal fluctuation curve decreased gradually.The mosquito density of the hospital and animal shed was 3.82,3.39 per lamp · h respectively; Compared with 2012 and 2010,the density of each ten-day in 2012 was low.There was significant difference of mosquito population distribution in different seasons and different breeding places in 2010 and 2012.Conclusions The mosquito density was still high in the center urban area of Ankang,thus we should further establish the comprehensive measures of prevention and control system based on a breeding ground,and supplemented by biological,physical and chemical.Long -term,continuous,systematic monitoring and killing mosquito drug resistance test will provide scientific basis for prevention and control of mosquito and mosquito-borne diseases.%目的 了解安康中心城区2010与2012年蚊类种群密度季节消长规律,为制订蚊类综合防制措施提供依据.方法 2010与2012年4~10月在不同的孳生场所采用诱蚊灯法,将捕获的蚊类进行分类统计.结果

  19. The City at Stake:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Esmann Andersen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Studies of the city have been addressed from many different approaches such as law, political science, art history and public administration, in which the eco-nomic, political and legal status of the city have played a major role. However, a new agenda for conceptualizing the city has emerged, in which the city assumes new roles. By using stakeholder theory as a framework for conceptualizing the city, we argue that the city assumes a political-economic agenda-setting role as well as providing a stage for identity constructions and relational performances for consumers, organizations, the media, politicians and other stakeholders. Stakeholder theory allows us to conceptualize the city as being constituted by stakes and relationships between stakeholders which are approached from three analytical positions (modern, postmodern and hypermodern, respectively, thereby allowing us to grasp different stakes and types of relationships, ranging from functional and contractual relationships to individualized and emotionally driven or more non-committal and fluid forms of relationships. In order to support and illustrate the analytical potentials of our framework for conceptualizing urban living, we introduce a project which aims to turn the city of Aarhus into a CO2-neutral city by the year 2030, entitled Aarhus CO2030. We conclude that applying stakeholder theory to a hyper-complex organization such as a city opens up for a reconceptualization of the city as a web of stakes and stakeholder relations. Stakeholder theory contributes to a nuanced and elaborate understanding of the urban complexity and web of both enforced and voluntary relationships as well as the different types of relationships that characterize urban life.

  20. Inmunodeficiencias humorales: Un estudio en tres Centros de Inmunología Clínica de adultos en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires Antibody deficiencies: A survey from three Clinical Immunology Centers for adults in Buenos Aires City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego S. Fernández Romero

    2011-08-01

    infections of the respiratory tract. The aim of our study was to describe the clinical characteristics of 128 patients with suspected or confirmed AD who were referred to 3 immunodeficiency centers for adults, from June 2004 to December 2009. Three of these patients (2.3% consulted for recurrent infections only once, without sufficient data for a proper classification, and were excluded. Of the remaining 125 patients, in 21 (16.8% AD was excluded, 8 cases (6.4% were diagnosed with sec ondary antibody immunodeficiency (SAD and 96 (76.8% with primary antibody immunodeficiency (PAD. SAD causes were: one renal failure, one phenytoin use, two monoclonal gammopathy and four B cell lymphoma. The causes of these 96 PAD were: 57 common variable immunodeficiency, 12 X-linked agammaglobulinaemia, 10 selective IgA deficiency, seven IgG1 deficiency, three hyper- IgM syndrome, three IgM deficiency, two X-linked proliferative syndrome, one Good syndrome and one antibody functional deficiency. Sixty-seven patients were in follow up at the time of completion of the study, 25 of them were on follow up at the beginning of the study. Among the 58 patients with indication of gamma globulin replacement therapy, 54 were in treatment at the end of the study. In four patients the initial diagnosis of PAD was not confirmed.

  1. Escaping The Big Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    More white-collar workers consider leaving major metropolises to find opportunities in small and medium-sized cities The energy and excitement of first-tier cities, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen in Guangdong Province, have long served as magnets attracting enthusiastic young people. But recent surveys have overturned the perception of this urban draw.

  2. City Bug Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Henrik; Brynskov, Martin

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the wider contexts of digital policy, transparency, digitisation and how this changes city administration and the role of the (digital) publics, using City Bug Report as a design case. Employing a mix between design research and action research, the authors exemplify and analy...

  3. Visions of the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinder, David

    in informing understandings and imaginings of the modern city. The author critically examines influential traditions in western Europe associated with such figures as Ebenezer Howard and Le Corbusier, uncovering the political interests, desires and anxieties that lay behind their ideal cities, and drawing out...

  4. Making Cities Better

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Livelihood programs change the lives of urban residents For decades Chinese cities have vied with each other to top national and international development rankings. However, the triennial national list of cities with an advanced living environment judges candidates according to less conventional

  5. Reflective cool cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heidegger, V.

    2011-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. Our globe is heating, and cities are heating up much more. At the same time, cities are growing and green spaces are substituted by buildings and streets. These man-made surfaces are dark and tend to heat up

  6. A liveable city:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommerlund, Julie

    2014-01-01

    is increas- ingly based in and on cities rather than nations, and cities compete for businesses, branding, tourists and talent. In the western world, urbanisation has happened simultane- ously to de-industrialisation, which has opened industrial neighbourhoods and harbours for new uses – often focus- ing...

  7. The City in Context

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.C. van der Wouden; Erica de Bruijne

    2001-01-01

    Original title: De Stad in de omtrek. The healthy economic growth in recent years has not passed the major Dutch cities by. There has been a veritable wave of construction of new commercial and office premises in and around the four largest cities Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht, and ho

  8. Marriage and the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gautier, Pieter; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen

    Do people move to cities because of marriage market considerations? In cities singles can meet more potential partners than in rural areas. Singles are therefore prepared to pay a premium in terms of higher housing prices. Once married, the marriage market benefits disappear while the housing...

  9. CHONGQING, the Hot City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Chongqing is a well-known city with a history of more than 3,000 years. It is a famous historical and cultural city in China. Chongqing is the birthplace of the Bayu Culture. At present, Chongqing is a municipality directly under the Central Government with the largest area, the most administrative districts and the largest population.

  10. City profile: Paramaribo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J.L.M. Verrest

    2010-01-01

    Paramaribo, the largest and only significant urban area in Suriname, is a typical primate city. The majority of the countries’ population resides here and the majority of political, social and economic functions is clustered in the urban zone. In the course of the 20th century, the city changed dram

  11. City Improves State Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    EnjoyceZhu

    2003-01-01

    As China's new leadership drafts measures to help ailing Stateowned enterprises(SOEs),Changchun,a strategic city in the Rust Belt,is reaping benefits unseen in more than a decade of SOE reform.Home to a large number of SOEs,Changchun has had its share of bureaucracy and stagnation.The city initiated a program called,“Saving SOEs

  12. Smart cities: event everywhere

    OpenAIRE

    Reboredo Penedo, Raquel

    2015-01-01

    The research attempts to provide a big picture from the literature through a Systematic Literature Review about the smart city and the existing standards topics for interchanging data through Smart City Apps. Additionally a prototype was created to analyze one of the standards found in the SLR

  13. Walkout in Crystal City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrios, Greg

    2009-01-01

    When students take action, they create change that extends far beyond the classroom. In this article, the author, who was a former teacher from Crystal City, Texas, remembers the student walkout that helped launch the Latino civil rights movement 40 years ago. The Crystal City student walkout remains a high point in the history of student activism…

  14. Deer City Legend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUHUANZHI; LILIKUN

    2003-01-01

    MORE and more commodities,such as clothes,shoes,millinery,lighters and shavers,now bear the “Made in Wenzhou”mark.It woule appear that Wenzhou grooms the whole nation.Lucheng(deer city)District in central Wenzhou is the nucleus of the city's thriving light industry sector.

  15. 招投标有形市场市场活跃度研究--以某市招投标交易中心交易情况为例%Explore the Market Activity of Bidding Tangible Market--Takes the Transactions of Bidding Trade Center in A City as An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡军

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the author takes a city bidding trade center as an example to explore the bidding tangible market activity. The author first carries on the definition from the four dimensions on the bidding tangible market activity, then uses the reference method and analyzes the fol owed four dimens-ions of market activity to obtain the market activity market of each month.%本文以某市招投标交易中心为例,对招投标有形市场活跃度开展了研究。首先,从四个维度对招投标有形市场活跃度进行了定义。然后利用基准法,依次从四个维度对市场活跃度进行了分析,得出了市场各个月份的市场活跃度。

  16. Creating a GIS Application for Retail Facilities Planning in Jeddah City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulkader A. Murad

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The aim of this study is to create a GIS application for retail facilities planning in Saudi Arabia. Jeddah city has been selected as a case study representing a major commercial city in Saudi Arabia. Approach: The crated application covers several retail planning analysis issues. These issues are divided in to two major groups called the city scale retail planning and the retail center market area. The former covers defining the location and the distribution of all retail centers in Jeddah city and classifying retail centers based on size and area. Meanwhile, the latter includes defining the spatial distribution of retail demand of selected centers and identifying the primary catchment area of the selected retail centers. In order to build this application, a survey is made for selected retail demand and GIS address geocoding function is used to convert the address data of retail demand into points features. In addition, GIS network analysis is used in this application to produce drive time based trade areas for the selected retail centers. Results: Retail centers were classified in Jeddah city as three groups called small centers (has less than 100 shops, medium centers (has 100-200 shops and large centers (has more than 200 shops. Conclusion: Based on this application, retail planner in Jeddah city can easily identify the pattern and trends of all retail centers in Jeddah city. The created application can be used by retail planners in Jeddah city for evaluating retail market and for identifying market segments that the retail centers are under-serving.

  17. Great cities look small

    CERN Document Server

    Sim, Aaron; Barahona, Mauricio; Stumpf, Michael P H

    2015-01-01

    Great cities connect people; failed cities isolate people. Despite the fundamental importance of physical, face-to-face social-ties in the functioning of cities, these connectivity networks are not explicitly observed in their entirety. Attempts at estimating them often rely on unrealistic over-simplifications such as the assumption of spatial homogeneity. Here we propose a mathematical model of human interactions in terms of a local strategy of maximising the number of beneficial connections attainable under the constraint of limited individual travelling-time budgets. By incorporating census and openly-available online multi-modal transport data, we are able to characterise the connectivity of geometrically and topologically complex cities. Beyond providing a candidate measure of greatness, this model allows one to quantify and assess the impact of transport developments, population growth, and other infrastructure and demographic changes on a city. Supported by validations of GDP and HIV infection rates ac...

  18. Universities Scale Like Cities

    CERN Document Server

    van Raan, Anthony F J

    2012-01-01

    Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the gross university income in terms of total number of citations over size in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its ...

  19. 2008 City of Baltimore Lidar

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In the spring of 2008, the City of Baltimore expressed an interest to upgrade the City GIS Database with mapping quality airborne LiDAR data. The City of Baltimore...

  20. Cities, Wages, and the Urban Hierarchy

    OpenAIRE

    Juan D. Soto; Dusan Paredes

    2014-01-01

    We present evidence regarding the unequal spatial distribution of population in the north and south of Chile which implies that even when geographical distances to the main urban center are similar, the distances in a context of urban hierarchy are completely di?erent. Given this economic geography, we postulate that Central Place Theory provides a better understanding for the study of city size wage gap in Chile. In order to test our hypothesis, we construct ?ve tiers of urban hierarchy usin...

  1. CITY | NATURE BORDER ON TEST - [URBANISM STUDIO 2015}

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    for city-nature border conditions on Amager, Copenhagen. From November 2014 to February 2015, 33 students from eight countries with an equal number of foreign and Danish students explored possible solutions for new city-nature border conditions of Amager and Nature Park Amager seeking to unfold the future......What if a plant and hydrological test center becomes a dynamic transition zone between Nature Park Amager and the city, testing the reaction of plants to shifting water levels as well as being a public and social reclamation learning center? How can military traces be the foundation for new site......- specific larger urban notes of city and park? And what if the shopping centre Fields is being opened up, and a new public main square across the highway becomes the new centre of Ørestad interlinking Amager north to south, east to west? This catalogue presents strategic development and design proposals...

  2. Preliminary archaeological survey of proposed gas well locations in Green Township (Scioto County) and Elizabeth Township (Lawrence County) Ohio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Black, D.B.; Peebles, C.S.; Zielinski, R.E.

    1978-10-24

    The present archaeological survey and cultural resource assessment were conducted for the United States Department of Energy, Morgantown Energy Technology Center in areas to be disturbed by gas well drilling and holding pond construction. The project area is the Pine Creek drainage system, which is a tributary of the Ohio River in Scioto and Lawrence Counties, Ohio. The literature search indicated that prehistoric archaeological sites do occur and have been documented in the Pine Creek drainage system. Presently, no archaeological sites have been reported in locations of direct impact. The literature search also indicated that historic features from the early iron industry period, ca. 1840 to 1870, are likely to occur throughout the project area. Field reconnaissance identified three prehistoric archaeological sites and one historic site in and adjacent to the proposed locations of disturbance. Two sites were determined to be of significant research value and may be nominated to the National Register of Historic Places. Consequently, recommendations were made to minimize the adverse effects of the proposed drilling project on these archaeological sites.

  3. @City: technologising Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Rojas

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the concept of the contemporary city - the influence that technology has when one thinks about, plans and lives in a city. The conjunction of  technology and city reformulates customs and social practices; it can even determine the way one constitutes one's own identity. One can see how close the relation is between technology (specifically, TICS and the structures of the city in a wide variety of situations: in social interactions on the street, in transport, and in ways of buying, of working and entertainment. "@City" is a concept that very well reflects  the emergent properties of a current city, that is, the coexistence of a physical and a virtual urban space. The "22@Barcelona" project attempts to bring together different types of spaces. By combining the physical with the virtual, 22@Barcelona, as a neighborhood of @City,  creates an uncertain and blurred border between both spaces.The article also examines the impact that these spaces have on the psycho-social processes involved in the daily life of a traditionally working-class neighborhood, now strongly limited by technological boundaries.

  4. @City: technologising Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rojas, Jesús

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the concept of the contemporary city - the influence that technology has when one thinks about, plans and lives in a city. The conjunction of technology and city reformulates customs and social practices; it can even determine the way one constitutes one's own identity. One can see how close the relation is between technology (specifically, TICS and the structures of the city in a wide variety of situations: in social interactions on the street, in transport, and in ways of buying, of working and entertainment. "@City" is a concept that very well reflects the emergent properties of a current city, that is, the coexistence of a physical and a virtual urban space. The "22@Barcelona" project attempts to bring together different types of spaces. By combining the physical with the virtual, 22@Barcelona, as a neighborhood of @City, creates an uncertain and blurred border between both spaces.The article also examines the impact that these spaces have on the psycho-social processes involved in the daily life of a traditionally working-class neighborhood, now strongly limited by technological boundaries.

  5. Globalization and cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrović Mina

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the basic concepts on cities within contemporary globalisation. First, it briefly reviews the city perspective within the world system theory (concepts of over-urbanisation, under-urbanisation, and dependent urbanisation, new international division of labour, theory of the second circuit of capital and informational society. The second part of the paper is dedicated to the concepts of global and world cities and their implications for the cities in developed and developing countries (including post-socialist. Urban policy and urban regime concepts are analysed in the third part, by focusing on economic competitiveness and democratic potentials of (developed, developing and post-socialist cities in the global world. Finally, paper concludes that new analytical concepts on cities developed since the1970’s actually deconstruct and reconstitute inherited forms of urban analysis with more or less success. Increased importance of cities as socio-economic actors in global economy has not contributed to the closure of the developmental gap. Contrary to that, it has been reproducing according to the new regulatory principles.

  6. Mercury Exposure in Young Children Living in New York City

    OpenAIRE

    Rogers, Helen S.; Jeffery, Nancy; Kieszak, Stephanie; Fritz, Pat; Spliethoff, Henry; Palmer, Christopher D.; Parsons, Patrick J.; Kass, Daniel E.; Caldwell, Kathy; Eadon, George; Rubin, Carol

    2007-01-01

    Residential exposure to vapor from current or previous cultural use of mercury could harm children living in rental (apartment) homes. That concern prompted the following agencies to conduct a study to assess pediatric mercury exposure in New York City communities by measuring urine mercury levels: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene’s (NYCDOHMH) Bureau of Environmental Surveillance and Policy, New York State Department of Health/Center for Environmental Health (NYSDOHCEH), ...

  7. Pesticides and inner-city children: exposures, risks, and prevention.

    OpenAIRE

    Landrigan, P J; Claudio, L; Markowitz, S B; Berkowitz, G S; Brenner, B L; H. Romero; Wetmur, J G; Matte, T D; Gore, A.C.; Godbold, J H; Wolff, M S

    1999-01-01

    Six million children live in poverty in America's inner cities. These children are at high risk of exposure to pesticides that are used extensively in urban schools, homes, and day-care centers for control of roaches, rats, and other vermin. The organophosphate insecticide chlorpyrifos and certain pyrethroids are the registered pesticides most heavily applied in cities. Illegal street pesticides are also in use, including tres pasitos (a carbamate), tiza china, and methyl parathion. In New Yo...

  8. Which are the "best" cities for psychology research worldwide?

    OpenAIRE

    Lutz Bornmann; Loet Leydesdorff; Günter Krampen

    2012-01-01

    We present scientometric results about worldwide centers of excellence in psychology. Based on Web of Science data, scientific excellence can be identified for cities from where highly-cited papers originate. Data refer to all psychology articles published in 2007 which are documented in the Social Science Citation Index and to their citation frequencies from 2007 to May 2011. 218 cities are visualized with an article output of at least 50 in 2007. Statistical z tests are used for the evaluat...

  9. Fatores de risco de anemia em lactentes matriculados em creches públicas ou filantrópicas de São Paulo Risk factors for anemia in infants enrolled in public or philanthropic day-care centers in São Paulo city, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tulio Konstantyner

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar e quantificar os fatores de risco de anemia em lactentes matriculados em creches públicas ou filantrópicas no município de São Paulo e discutir o impacto das ações da creche no controle desta carência nutricional específica. MÉTODO: Estudo seccional compreendendo 212 lactentes de duas creches públicas e três filantrópicas. Foram realizadas entrevistas com as mães, coleta de sangue por punção digital e antropometria. Considerou-se como anemia, hemoglobina inferior a 11g/dL. Foi ajustado um modelo de regressão logística para fatores de risco entre grupos de lactentes com e sem anemia. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de anemia foi de 51,9%. O modelo logístico final foi composto por 4 variáveis: presença de 1 ou mais irmãos menores que 5 anos (Odds Ratio=2,57; p=0,005; estar freqüentando creche de administração exclusivamente pública (Odds Ratio=2,12; p=0,020; uso de aleitamento materno exclusivo inferior a 2 meses (Odds Ratio=1,88; p=0,044, e idade inferior a 15 meses (Odds Ratio=2,32; p=0,006. CONCLUSÃO:Concluiu-se que a alta prevalência de anemia evidencia a ineficiência das creches estudadas para controlar e prevenir esta carência nutricional; portanto, cabe ao planejador de saúde considerar os riscos de anemia identificados e quantificados quando da elaboração de programas de controle e prevenção.OBJECTIVE: To identify and quantify the risk factors for anemia in infants enrolled in public or philanthropic day care centers in São Paulo city and discuss the impact of the actions of day care centers in controlling this specific nutritional deficiency. METHODS: Cross-sectional study comprising 212 infants of two public and three philanthropic day care centers. Interviews with the mothers, collection of blood by digital puncture and anthropometry were performed. Anemia was characterized by hemoglobin levels below 11g/dL. A logistic regression model for risk factors between groups of infants with

  10. Evaluation and analysis on emergency practical exercises of county-level Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Nanchang City%南昌市县级疾病控制机构应急演练活动评估分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘启芦; 李辉; 胡茂红; 吴景文

    2013-01-01

    目的 根据2010-2011年南昌市县级疾病预防控制(简称疾控)机构开展的应急模拟演练活动,对综合实战演练、单项实战演练、桌面演练3种演练模式进行分析评估,探讨一种适用于县级疾控机构操作的应急模拟演练模式及科学的评估方法.方法 应用描述性分析方法对2010-2011年南昌市11个县级疾控机构开展的20场应急模拟演练资料进行统计分析.结果 3种演练方式具有各自的特点和不足,均能取得演练的预期效果;结论 桌面演练更适合县级疾控机构的开展;建立演练评估指标评分细则和量化指标能促进卫生应急大练兵活动的有效开展.%[Objective] According to the emergency exercises by the county-level Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCs) in Nanchang City between 2010 and 2011,to analyze and evaluate the exercise modes of comprehensive exercise,single combat exercises and tabletop exercise,find out an emergency exercise mode and scientific evaluation method for county-level CDCs.[Methods] Descriptive analysis method was applied to analyze the 20 emergency practical exercises by 11 county-level CDCs in Nanchang City during 2010-2011.[Results] Three exercise modes had their own characteristics and insufficiency,and all can obtain the expected effect.[Conclusion] The tabletop exercise is more suitable for county-level CDCs.To establish the exercise evaluation scoring rules and quantitative indexes can promote the activity of emergency exercises.

  11. Smart city – future city? smart city 20 as a livable city and future market

    CERN Document Server

    Etezadzadeh, Chirine

    2016-01-01

    The concept of a livable smart city presented in this book highlights the relevance of the functionality and integrated resilience of viable cities of the future. It critically examines the progressive digitalization that is taking place and identifies the revolutionized energy sector as the basis of urban life. The concept is based on people and their natural environment, resulting in a broader definition of sustainability and an expanded product theory. Smart City 2.0 offers its residents many opportunities and is an attractive future market for innovative products and services. However, it presents numerous challenges for stakeholders and product developers.

  12. Futures of cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    Arkitektskole. Bogen  har 3 dele. Principles: Copenhagen Agenda for Sustainable Living, 10 principper udviklet af Ugebrevet Mandag Morgen illustreret af arkitektstuderende. Congress: Futures of Cities, Emerging Urbanisms- Emerging Practices, oplæg fra unge tegnestuer til temaet fremlagt på Student Congress......Bogen dokumenterer resultater fra den internationale kongres Futures of Cities arrangeret af IFHP International Federation of Housing and Planning, Realdania, Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole og City of Copenhagen. Kongressen blev afholdt i september 2007 i Øksnehallen og på Kunstakademiets...

  13. Cities as development drivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnson, Bjørn; Poulsen, Tjalfe; Hansen, Jens Aage;

    2011-01-01

    can be serious threats to the realization of the socio-economic contributions that cities can make. However, as a result of considerable diversity of competences combined with interactive learning and innovation, cities may also solve these problems. The ‘urban order’ may form a platform....... It is shown that the cities have the potential to significantly contribute to a more sustainable development through increased material recycling and energy recovery. Waste prevention may increase this potential. For example, instead of constituting 3% of the total greenhouse gas emission problem, it seems...

  14. Governing the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kornberger, Martin

    2012-01-01

    Strategy frames the contemporary epistemological space of urbanism: major cities across the globe such as New York, London and Sydney invest time, energy and resources to craft urban strategies. Extensive empirical research projects have proposed a shift towards a strategic framework to manage...... cities. This theoretical curiosity is reflected in the rising interest in urban strategy from practice. For instance, the World Bank regularly organizes an Urban Strategy Speaker Series, while the powerful network CEOs for Cities lobbies for a strategic approach to urban development. Critical scholars...

  15. Making the Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the latest research into cultural planning and architectural branding in Denmark based on the ‘Experience City' research project located at Aalborg University. The paper explores the implication of the turn towards culture and experience in the contemporary Danish city. It thus...... makes an investigation into the complex relationship between the words and policies of the ‘Experience Economy' and the actual urban transformations made in cities with reference to these changes. The paper discusses the cases researched in relation to the state, market, civil society framework as well...

  16. Excite City:Designing the Experience City

    OpenAIRE

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans; Jensen, Ole B.

    2007-01-01

    This paper takes its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on European cities - a pressure which in recent years has found its expression in a number of comprehensive transformations of the physical and architectural environments, and new eventscapes related to fun and cultural experience are emerging. The physical, cultural and democratic consequences of this development are discussed in the paper, which concludes with a presentation of a new field of research that hig...

  17. WE LOVE THE CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    WE LOVE THE CITY Byen i bygningen, bygningen i byen Lasse Andersson, Ph.d., arkitekt maa, adjunkt ved Aalborg Universitet Med udstillingen WE LOVE THE CITY vil vi formidle mødet mellem urban design oog arkitektur. Disciplinen ’at bygge by’ har de seneste 20 år ikke tændt hjerterne hos...... fjern og ’usexet’ for unge arkitekter in spe. Det kan fremtidens by ikke være tjent med, og WE LOVE THE CITY vil derfor gerne vise alle, der færdes i byen og bruger dens arkitektur, at her er et potentiale. Med udstillingen WE LOVE THE CITY ønsker Utzon Centeret, LasseVegas Kontoret ApS og ADEPT...

  18. Towards Intelligently - Sustainable Cities?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Salvati

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In the quest for achieving sustainable cities, Intelligent and Knowledge City Programmes (ICPs and KCPs represent cost-efficient strategies for improving the overall performance of urban systems. However, even though nobody argues on the desirability of making cities “smarter”, the fundamental questions of how and to what extent can ICPs and KCPs contribute to the achievement of urban sustainability lack a precise answer. In the attempt of providing a structured answer to these interrogatives, this paper presents a methodology developed for investigating the modalities through which ICPs and KCPs contribute to the achievement or urban sustainability. Results suggest that ICPs and KCPs efficacy lies in supporting cities achieve a sustainable urban metabolism through optimization, innovation and behavior changes.

  19. Postsovkhoz City & Postsovkhoz Person

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Põlvamaal Moostes mõtte- ja keskkonnakunstitalgud "Postsovkhoz City" ja "Postsovkhoz Person". Näha saab endistesse tööstushoonetesse ülespandud näitusi ja installatsioone. 11. VIII esinejad, ettekanded.

  20. OpenCities Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — The Open Cities Project aims to catalyze the creation, management and use of open data to produce innovative solutions for urban planning and resilience challenges...

  1. City sewer collectors biocorrosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ksiażek, Mariusz

    2014-12-01

    This paper presents the biocorrosion of city sewer collectors impregnated with special polymer sulphur binders, polymerized sulphur, which is applied as the industrial waste material. The city sewer collectors are settled with a colony of soil bacteria which have corrosive effects on its structure. Chemoautotrophic nitrifying bacteria utilize the residues of halites (carbamide) which migrate in the city sewer collectors, due to the damaged dampproofing of the roadway and produce nitrogen salts. Chemoorganotrophic bacteria utilize the traces of organic substrates and produce a number of organic acids (formic, acetic, propionic, citric, oxalic and other). The activity of microorganisms so enables the origination of primary and secondary salts which affect physical properties of concretes in city sewer collectors unfavourably.

  2. Other city symphonies

    OpenAIRE

    Hielscher, Eva; Jacobs, Steven

    2015-01-01

    Catalogue description of the film program curated by Eva Hielscher and Steven Jacobs on 'Other City Symphonies' during the 2015 Pordenone Silent Film Festival, including paragraphs on individual films.

  3. Earthquakes in cities revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Wirgin, Armand

    2016-01-01

    During the last twenty years, a number of publications of theoretical-numerical nature have appeared which come to the apparently-reassuring conclusion that seismic motion on the ground in cities is smaller than what this motion would be in the absence of the buildings (but for the same underground and seismic load). Other than the fact that this finding tells nothing about the motion within the buildings, it must be confronted with the overwhelming empirical evidence (e.g, earthquakes in Sendai (2011), Kathmandu (2015), Tainan City (2016), etc.) that shaking within buildings of a city is often large enough to damage or even destroy these structures. I show, on several examples, that theory can be reconciled with empirical evidence, and suggest that the crucial subject of seismic response in cities is in need of more thorough research.

  4. Should Cities Regulate Graffiti?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Graffiti, while still a new phenomenon to most Chinese, is becoming more familiar among teenagers in big cities like Beijing and Shanghai. A recent report by Xinhua News Agency discusses the trend. The report said a small

  5. Satellite data for Singapore, Manila and Kuala Lumpur city growth analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boori, Mukesh Singh; Choudhary, Komal; Kupriyanov, Alexander; Kovelskiy, Viktor

    2016-06-01

    This data article presents satellite data related to city growth of Singapore, Manila and Kuala Lumpur cities. The data were collected from NASA and USGS websites. A method has been developed for city built-up density from city center to outward till 50 km by using satellite data. These data sets consists three decade Landsat images. A detailed description is given to show how to use this data to produce urban growth maps. The urban growth maps have been used to know the changes and growth pattern in the Southeast Asia Cities. PMID:27222856

  6. Satellite data for Singapore, Manila and Kuala Lumpur city growth analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boori, Mukesh Singh; Choudhary, Komal; Kupriyanov, Alexander; Kovelskiy, Viktor

    2016-06-01

    This data article presents satellite data related to city growth of Singapore, Manila and Kuala Lumpur cities. The data were collected from NASA and USGS websites. A method has been developed for city built-up density from city center to outward till 50 km by using satellite data. These data sets consists three decade Landsat images. A detailed description is given to show how to use this data to produce urban growth maps. The urban growth maps have been used to know the changes and growth pattern in the Southeast Asia Cities.

  7. Study on the Complexity of the Public Transportation Network Spatial Structure Based on Fractal Theory:Taking Wuhan Center City Area as an Example%基于分形理论的公交网络空间结构复杂性研究——以武汉市中心城区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段德忠; 刘承良; 陈欣怡

    2013-01-01

    Studies on the complexity and non-linearity of the spatial structure of road networks have attracted increasing attention during the past several years. However, few efforts have been devoted to the spatial and structural properties of Public Transportation Network(PTN). For the inadequacies of the traditional PTN evaluation model,this paper introduces a weighted fractal model which based on fractal theory in order to reveal the spatial heterogeneity of PTN in Wuhan Center City Area(WC-CA) from three aspects (network equilibrium,site accessibility,site-line allometric growth). The results are obtained as follow that the feature of PTN,in the strict sense,has not evolved a morphology formation of fractal,since the fractal growth has the spatial scale dependence. The relatively low value of bus lines fractal dimension, which may show that the density attenuates quickly from its measuring core to periphery and their distribution pattern shows strong aggregation around WCCA,grow slow, indicating its weak filling capacity and low level of coverage while the high value (bus stations)presents a totally opposite result, which represents a strong filling capacity and high level of coverage The difference of transit site accessibility space is obvious. Among all the sites in Wuhan, the accessibility space of Jianghan District is the highest one. There exists positive correlation and space conjugate relation between the development level of space accessibility and area economic development level. According to the bus line-bus station allometric growth model, the construction of bus lines and bus stations does not match in space. It indicates that there are two major points in optimizing the bus line system of Wuhan city: firstly, the number of the urban-suburban lines should be increased; secondly,the repeating lines in city area need to be canceled.%针对传统公交网络评价模型的不足,基于分形理论,构建加权分形模型,从网络均衡性、站点可达性

  8. City, ICT and Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Galit Cohen; Peter Nijkamp

    2004-01-01

    New technologies tend to exert a profound influence on modern city life. This paper addresses the role of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the city. After a broad overview of the potential of ICT in a geographical setting and its possible impact on urban policy in regard to the ICT sector, the paper focusses attention on urban public policy in regard to the ICT sector. This study offers the proposition that urban ICT policy is driven by the stakeholders attitudinal and perc...

  9. Feeding the City

    OpenAIRE

    Roncaglia, Sara; Giorgio Solinas, Pier

    2015-01-01

    Every day in Mumbai 6,000 dabbawalas (literally translated as "those who carry boxes") distribute a staggering 200,000 home-cooked lunchboxes to the city's workers and students. Giving employment and status to thousands of largely illiterate villagers from Mumbai's hinterland, this co-operative has been in operation since the late nineteenth century. It provides one of the most efficient delivery networks in the world: only one lunch in six million goes astray. Feeding the City is an ethnogr...

  10. Small Cell City

    OpenAIRE

    Dehghan, S.; Steele, R.

    1997-01-01

    Traditionally, mobile operators have planned their networks to accommodate mobile terminals at ground level. Increasingly, mobile users communicate while stationary from within high-rise buildings. With mobiles operating at a variety of different heights and mobilities, plus the requirement to accommodate increasing teletraffic and multimedia services, there is a need to compact small cells into the three-dimensional city space. This article is concerned with using city buildings to act as el...

  11. Cities in Transition

    OpenAIRE

    Shepotylo Oleksandr

    2012-01-01

    This paper looks at the urban development of transition countries in 1991–2010, primarily focusing on the last decade. Cities in transition face a unique set of challenges that came forth due to interplay of the legacy of socialist urban policies and the transition to the market economy. The socialist urban policies restrained growth of the largest cities and distorted the spatial equilibrium towards more uniform distribution of urban population. The transition to the market economy reduces d...

  12. Aging City Leads Way

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The northern city of Dalian has become a model of care for the elderly that other Chinese cities are following Chinese Minister of Civil Affairs Li Xueju has called upon civil affairs agencies in the nation to learn from Dalian’s diversified models for elderly care,ranging from running collectively owned and foreign-designed nursing homes to offering tax incentives to private households and companies serving the elderly

  13. The Happiness of Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Florida, Richard; Mellander, Charlotta; Rentfrow, Jason

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Research on subjective well-being has focused on cross-national differences, while research on cities and regions has shown that human capital is a key factor in metropolitan income and related outcomes. This investigation tests the hypothesis that human capital will have a significant effect on well-being at the metropolitan scale. Using metropolitan level data from the 2009 Gallup-Healthways Survey, we examine the effects of human capital on city happiness alongside many...

  14. Innovation across cities

    OpenAIRE

    Soo, Kwok Tong

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the distribution of patenting activity across cities in the OECD, using a sample of 218 cities from 2000 to 2008. We obtain three main results. First, patenting activity is more concentrated than population and GDP. Second, patenting activity is less persistent than population and GDP. Third, patenting exhibits mean-reversion, and is positively associated with GDP, the fragmentation of local government, and population density. Our results suggest that policymakers can infl...

  15. Cities and Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Glaeser, Edward L.; Mare, David C.

    1994-01-01

    This paper examines the productivity (and wage) gains from locating in dense, urban environments. We distinguish between three potential explanations of why firms are willing to pay urban workers more: (1) the urban wage premium is spurious and is the result of omitted ability measures, (2) the urban wage premium works because cities enhance productivity and (3) the urban wage premium is the result of faster skill accumulation in cities. Using a combination of standard regressions, individual...

  16. Siracusa, EuroMediterranean Smart City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Minozzi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available About three years ago, the City of Siracusa has started a serious reflection about the crisis, about its model of development and its problems related to its territorial marginality. In this context, it lodged a service "Complex Programs and EU Policies" internal the Department of Public Works as the first embryo of the future Urban Center in Siracusa. The Smarter Cities Challenge program, sponsored by IBM, provides, for the years 2011-2012-2013 a selection through a call, a hundred cities around the world that offer a program of counseling on territorial issues, urban, social, exposed by the city in challenge. The program for 2012, selected Siracusa, the only Italian city in a hundred choices, with a theme that emphasizes the need to find methods (smart to integrate the two systems, the industrial and the historical, cultural, into the overall Siracusa system territorial. The advent of smart policies also confirms the trend that characterized the most evolved from the most marginal realities in Europe. For the realities of the Euro-Mediterranean area, such as Siracusa, the winners model’s urban policies originate from the most evolved and developed, where the economy is more structured and able to assume the active role of actors development and urban transformations. So, a universal language of transformations really exist? The same model development produces the same results everywhere, regardless the places and the people tribe? To promote smart Siracusa means, not only, economic innovation promotion, social inclusion and environmental sustainability, but also: Siracusa intends to strengthen its image as innovation land and to evolve into a center of excellence for smart policies.

  17. City marketing: online communication plan for the city of Lisbon

    OpenAIRE

    Altrichter, Benjamin

    2011-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing City Marketing represents marketing efforts of cities in order to attract more visitors. Today, we are confronted everyday with marketing campaigns in all different communication media promoting countries, cities or events. Cities are competing for visitors on a global scale, forcing them to adapt successful marketing strategies for gaining and retaining costumers. Yet, City Marketing still remains an unknown chapter for a big part of the general public an...

  18. Hackable Cities : From Subversive City Making to Systemic Change

    OpenAIRE

    de Lange, M.L.; de Waal, Martijn; Foth, Marcus; Verhoeff, Nanna; Martin, Brynskov

    2015-01-01

    The DC9 workshop takes place on June 27, 2015 in Limerick, Ireland and is titled "Hackable Cities: From Subversive City Making to Systemic Change". The notion of "hacking" originates from the world of media technologies but is increasingly often being used for creative ideals and practices of city making. "City hacking" evokes more participatory, inclusive, decentralized, playful and subversive alternatives to often top-down ICT implementations in smart city making. However, these discourses ...

  19. Determining and Designing of Pedestrian Zones in Tekirdag City Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. E. Sisman

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Today, pedestrian zones have been achieved to increase open space that are increasingly disappearing and to provide comfortable and safety circulation for pedestrians.Within this paper, the existing pedestrian zones and the streets free from traffic with adequate amenities for pedestrians are indicated and projects of alternative pedestrian zones are suggested. Hükümet Street, the main axis of the downtown and the Mimar Sinan Street is planned as one way road, besides, the part of Hükümet Street extending in front of the Governorship building is designed as pedestrian zone. Dependig on the data, projects of pedestrian zones are prepared by using AutoCAD 2006 and 3ds Max 8.

  20. How polycentric is a monocentric city?: centers, spillovers and hysteresis

    OpenAIRE

    Ahlfeldt, Gabriel M.; Wendland, Nicolai

    2013-01-01

    We assess the extent to which firms in an environment of decreasing transport costs and industrial transformation value the benefits of proximity to a historic CBD and agglomeration economies in their location decisions. Taking a hybrid perspective of classical bid-rent theory and a world where clustering of economic activity is driven by between-firm spillovers, Berlin, Germany, from 1890 to 1936 serves as a case in point. Our results suggest that the average productivity effect of a doublin...

  1. Determining and Designing of Pedestrian Zones in Tekirdag City Center

    OpenAIRE

    E. E. Sisman; B. Etli

    2007-01-01

    Today, pedestrian zones have been achieved to increase open space that are increasingly disappearing and to provide comfortable and safety circulation for pedestrians.Within this paper, the existing pedestrian zones and the streets free from traffic with adequate amenities for pedestrians are indicated and projects of alternative pedestrian zones are suggested. Hükümet Street, the main axis of the downtown and the Mimar Sinan Street is planned as one way road, besides, the part of Hükümet Str...

  2. Sinking coastal cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkens, G.; Bucx, T.; Dam, R.; de Lange, G.; Lambert, J.

    2015-11-01

    In many coastal and delta cities land subsidence now exceeds absolute sea level rise up to a factor of ten. A major cause for severe land subsidence is excessive groundwater extraction related to rapid urbanization and population growth. Without action, parts of Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Bangkok and numerous other coastal cities will sink below sea level. Land subsidence increases flood vulnerability (frequency, inundation depth and duration of floods), with floods causing major economic damage and loss of lives. In addition, differential land movement causes significant economic losses in the form of structural damage and high maintenance costs for (infra)structure. The total damage worldwide is estimated at billions of dollars annually. As subsidence is often spatially variable and can be caused by multiple processes, an assessment of subsidence in delta cities needs to answer questions such as: what are the main causes? What is the current subsidence rate and what are future scenarios (and interaction with other major environmental issues)? Where are the vulnerable areas? What are the impacts and risks? How can adverse impacts be mitigated or compensated for? Who is involved and responsible to act? In this study a quick-assessment of subsidence is performed on the following mega-cities: Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Dhaka, New Orleans and Bangkok. Results of these case studies will be presented and compared, and a (generic) approach how to deal with subsidence in current and future subsidence-prone areas is provided.

  3. Decision model for facade contractor selection – EDA center building

    OpenAIRE

    Marinič, Jani

    2010-01-01

    In my thesis I presented a decision model for facade contractor selection for the business part of EDA center in Nova Gorica. EDA center is a commercial and residential building, that will be constructed in the city center. The garage, commercial, business and residential part of the building will bring to the city new conceptual quality areas that will provide additional comfort for residents and visitors. It´s easy to come to the right decision in a simple and fast way to solve a problem wi...

  4. Saúde mental e a continuidade do cuidado em centros de saúde de Belo Horizonte, MG Salud mental y la continuidad del cuidado en centros de salud de una ciudad en Sudeste de Brasil Mental health and continuity of care in healthcare centers in a city of Southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graziella Lage Oliveira

    2008-08-01

    encaminamientos fueron factores facilitadores de la continuidad del cuidado. Ninguna característica individual estuvo asociada a la continuidad. CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos sugieren haber una falla en la propuesta de línea de cuidado. La continuidad del tratamiento parece estar mas relacionada a factores referentes al servicio de que las características del paciente.OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with the continuity of mental health care provided for patients referred to healthcare centers. METHODS: A follow-up study was carried out with 98 patients assisted between 2003 and 2004. These patients were referred to eight healthcare centers with mental health teams located in the catchment area of a mental health reference venter in the city of Belo Horizonte, Southeastern Brazil. Social, demographic, clinical and continuity variables were described and then compared using the chi-square test. RESULTS: After referral, 35 patients did not attend the first visit in the healthcare center. Of those who did, 38 continued in treatment. To return to the reference center for a new visit after referral and to have had more than two referrals were factors that facilitated continuity of care. No individual characteristic was associated with continuity. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that there is a gap in the proposal for the line of care. Treatment continuity seems to be more related to service factors than to patients' characteristics.

  5. Case Study of Cooperative Social Work Organizations' Management Mode-take "Fengyuan Home" Social Service Center in Guangzhou City for Example%合作式社工组织管理模式个案研究——以“广州逢源人家社会服务中心”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉玲; 叶萍

    2012-01-01

    合作式社工组织管理模式为社工组织的发展提供了良好的发展空间,其中多种合作式的社工组织为组织的发展整合了更多的优势资源。作者选取了“广州逢源人家社会服务中心”这一在广州最早进行社区服务专业化、合作式的社工组织的典型案例,分析了合作式社工组织管理模式的成因、内容、方法以及合作的效果,并根据对广州“逢源人家”特色服务项目与服务内容的经验总结,希望给读者一些启发和思考。%The cooperative management mode provided a good development space for the development of social work organizations, including the integration of more advantageous resources. In this paper, we selected a typical case of "Fengyuan Home" Social Service Center in Guangzhou city, which is a pioneer in community service specialization and cooperation between social work organizations, analyzed the causes, mode, content, methods and effects of the cooperative management mode, summarized the experience of characteristic service project, hoped to give the reader some insights and thinking.

  6. Investigation and analysis on current status of human resources for disinfection and vector control in city level centers for disease control and prevention, Henan province%河南省市级疾病预防控制中心消毒与媒介生物控制人力资源现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘吉起; 周瑞敏; 张玉勤; 唐振强; 赵旭东

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the current status of human resources for disinfection and vector control in city level centers of disease control and prevention,Henan province,and to provide the basis and recommendation for scientific configuration of human resources in disinfection and vector control.METHODS Used questionnaire to collect the information of departments and staff for disinfection and vector control,statistic analysis was made by using the data.RESULTS There were 111 people working for disinfection and vector control in city level centers for disease control and prevention in Henan province.The 41 to 50 age group and the 31 to 40 age group were dominated,accounting for 44.14% and 27.93% respectively.The education was oriented by junior college and undergraduate,accounting for 45.05% and 32.43%.Technical title was dominated by middle and junior,accounting for 29.73% and 28.83%.Most people majored in public health and clinical medicine,accounting for 38.74% and 27.03% respectively.The situation of participating technical training and publishing papers was not very well.CONCLUSION Human resources for disinfection and vector control in city level center for disease control and prevention in Henan province is not ideal.It is recommended that the human resources should have proper regulation and rational configuration,and the technical people should be increased,and their quality of profession and technic should be improved by different ways,so as to meet the requirements of disinfection and vector control in new era.%目的 了解河南省市级疾病预防控制中心消毒与媒介生物控制人力资源现状,为科学配置消毒与媒介生物控制人力资源提供依据和建议.方法 通过调查问卷收集消毒与媒介生物控制工作的科室设置和工作人员个人资料,将数据录入数据库后进行统计分析.结果 河南省市级疾病预防控制中心共有消毒与媒介生物控制工作人员111人

  7. The Joint Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romano Fistola

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The new connections, which high speed train allows to activate among the metropolitan systems, seem to be able to give life to new urban macro-structures for which the transfer time, among the main poles of the railway segment, becomes comparable to an inside moving into the city and therefore considered as an inter-functional mobility. The tunnel effect generated by the high speed connection seems to be able to allow a new temporal and functional joint among the metropolitan systems consequently supporting the possibility, for the users, to move themselves among the different urban functions belonging to the different cities. The birth of these urban aggregations seems to drive towards new megalopolis, which we can define for the first time with the term: joint-city. For this new metropolitan settlement it seems to be very interesting to investigate the constitutive peculiarities, the systemic articulation, its relational structures, the evolutionary scenarios, and so on. The urban functions (activities can be considered as structures of relationships between people that allows to define "organizational links" inside the community; the urban functions are located in specific places inside urban container or in open spaces. The urban functions represent the urban engines and the functional system can be thought as the “soul of the city", abstract but essential to its survival. In the definition set out here the analysis is carried out for many interconnected urban functional system points (specifically those in Rome and Naples. The new high speed railway has to be considered not only as a new channel of mobility between cities, but as a real possibility of joint between the functional systems of the two centres. A final consideration can be carried out in relation to the possibility of implementing new measures of governance of urban transformations considering the new macro-city: the "Joint City".

  8. A modified radius fractal dimension for capturing spatial complexity of a polycentric city

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lan, Tian; Zhang, Hong; Wu, Xun; Cao, Weiwei; He, Jing

    2015-12-01

    As one of the most important indexes for describing spatial complexity of urban road networks, radius fractal dimension has been proved to be useful in single-central cities. The method needs to choose a traffic hub as the center of measurement, but if the city has more than one traffic center, it will be difficult to choose a proper center and portray spatial complexity of the whole road network. The modified method proposed in this paper regards all the nodes of a network as centers of measurement and considers the whole effect of traffic centers in a polycentric city, so the modified radius fractal dimension describes the spatial complexity of a road network from an overall perspective and overcomes the problem that the traditional method relies on only one center. The experimental results show the modified radius fractal dimension is reliable, which can describe urban road networks in a new perspective.

  9. Hamilton : the electric city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The City of Hamilton has launched an extensive energy planning exercise that examines the possibility of steep increases in oil and natural gas prices. This report examined and illustrated the issue of oil and gas price points. The report also examined and presented the city's role in an era of energy constraints, focusing on the city's transit system and its vehicle fleet. In addition, in response to City Council's direction, the report presented the aerotropolis proposal and discussed freight transport issues. Specific topics of discussion included oil and natural gas prospects; prospects for high oil and natural gas prices; impacts of fuel price increases; strategic planning objectives for energy constraints; reducing energy use by Hamilton's transport and in buildings; and land-use planning for energy constraints. Energy production opportunities involve the use of solar energy; wind energy; deep lake water cooling (DLWC); hydro-electric power; energy from waste; biogas production; district energy; and local food production. Economic and social development through preparing for energy constraints and matters raised by city council were also presented. The report also demonstrated how an energy-based strategy could be paid for and its components approved. The next steps for Hamilton were also identified. refs., tabs., figs

  10. Universities scale like cities.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony F J van Raan

    Full Text Available Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the 'gross university income' in terms of total number of citations over 'size' in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its quality in terms of field-normalized citation impact. By studying both the set of the 500 largest universities worldwide and a specific subset of these 500 universities--the top-100 European universities--we are also able to distinguish between properties of universities with as well as without selection of one specific local property, the quality of a university in terms of its average field-normalized citation impact. It also reveals an interesting observation concerning the working of a crucial property in networked systems, preferential attachment.

  11. Relations of surface-water quality to streamflow in the Hackensack, Passaic, Elizabeth, and Rahway River basins, New Jersey, water years 1976-93

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buxton, Debra E.; Hunchak-Kariouk, Kathryn; Hickman, R. Edward

    1998-01-01

    Relations of water quality to streamflow were determined for 18 water-quality constituents at 19 surface-water-quality stations within the drainage basins of the Hackensack, Passaic, Elizabeth, and Rahway Rivers in New Jersey for water years 1976-93. Surface-waterquality and streamflow data were evaluated for trends (through time) in constituent concentrations during high and low flows, and relations between constituent concentration and streamflow, and constituent load and streamflow, were determined. Median concentrations were calculated for the entire period of study (water years 1976-93) and for the last 5 years of the period of study (water years 1989-93) to determine whether any large variation in concentration exists between the two periods. Medians also were used to determine the seasonal Kendall’s tau statistic, which was then used to evaluate trends in concentrations during high and low flows.Trends in constituent concentrations during high and low flows were evaluated to determine whether the distribution of the observations changes over time for intermittent (nonpoint storm runoff) or constant (point sources and ground water) sources, respectively. Highand low-flow concentration trends were determined for some constituents at 11 of the 19 waterquality stations; 8 stations have insufficient data to determine trends. Seasonal effects on the relations of concentration to streamflow are evident for 16 of the 18 constituents. Negative slopes of relations of concentration to streamflow, which indicate a decrease in concentration at high flows, predominate over positive slopes because of dilution of instream concentrations from storm runoff.The slopes of the regression lines of load to streamflow were determined in order to show the relative contributions to the instream load from constant (point sources and ground water) and intermittent sources (storm runoff). Greater slope values suggest larger contributions from storm runoff to instream load, which most

  12. RESEARCH ON IMAGO SPACE OF VALLEY CITY--A Case Study of Lanzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENG Cai-hong; YANG Yong-chun; ZHANG Cong-guo

    2004-01-01

    Currently domestic researches on urban imago space concentrate in a few cities that lie in the advanced region,such as Beijing,Guangzhou,Wuhan,etc.,but in so far as those cities that lie in the northwest inland region,the research of this aspect is still few.In order to supplement a special example to the urban imago space theory and to validate former theory,this article studied the Lanzhou urban imago space.During the course of researching,authors adopted some investigating methods,such as visiting on the spot,photograph identification method and sketch map identification method etc.Using investigated data,this paper made an elementary research on urban imago space of Lanzhou,which is a typical valley city in the western China.The result of study indicated that the urban imago space of Lanzhou takes Xiguan Cross as its center (Lanzhou involves four districts of Chengguan,Qilihe,Anning and Xigu).In the process of recognition of urban imago space,the Huanghe (Yellow) River and mountains beside the city are the dominant factors and the main nodes of cognition.So the urban imago space of Lanzhou is quite different from that of plain cities.Interviewee did well in the spatial structure map,which was made up of mountainous land,river and main trunk roads,the group structure took profound impression on people.

  13. Designing the Hall in the City of Sari with an Emphasis on the Improvement and Identity of Architecture of Mazandaran, Taberestan

    OpenAIRE

    ALAEI, Lili; MIRRIAHI, Saeid

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. Being dynamic is one of the features of the city of Sari, that is, no finished shape can ever be defined for the city since it is always changing in the development process to conform itself with the environmental and socioeconomic and … conditions. The city of Sari is one of the ancient cities of the province which was once the capital city of achaemenian (Zadratca). As the researchers say the city of Sari is built on the layers of a city which was the center of the northern state ...

  14. Reproducing in cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mace, Ruth

    2008-02-01

    Reproducing in cities has always been costly, leading to lower fertility (that is, lower birth rates) in urban than in rural areas. Historically, although cities provided job opportunities, initially residents incurred the penalty of higher infant mortality, but as mortality rates fell at the end of the 19th century, European birth rates began to plummet. Fertility decline in Africa only started recently and has been dramatic in some cities. Here it is argued that both historical and evolutionary demographers are interpreting fertility declines across the globe in terms of the relative costs of child rearing, which increase to allow children to outcompete their peers. Now largely free from the fear of early death, postindustrial societies may create an environment that generates runaway parental investment, which will continue to drive fertility ever lower. PMID:18258904

  15. Ultrafine particles in cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Prashant; Morawska, Lidia; Birmili, Wolfram; Paasonen, Pauli; Hu, Min; Kulmala, Markku; Harrison, Roy M; Norford, Leslie; Britter, Rex

    2014-05-01

    Ultrafine particles (UFPs; diameter less than 100 nm) are ubiquitous in urban air, and an acknowledged risk to human health. Globally, the major source for urban outdoor UFP concentrations is motor traffic. Ongoing trends towards urbanisation and expansion of road traffic are anticipated to further increase population exposure to UFPs. Numerous experimental studies have characterised UFPs in individual cities, but an integrated evaluation of emissions and population exposure is still lacking. Our analysis suggests that the average exposure to outdoor UFPs in Asian cities is about four-times larger than that in European cities but impacts on human health are largely unknown. This article reviews some fundamental drivers of UFP emissions and dispersion, and highlights unresolved challenges, as well as recommendations to ensure sustainable urban development whilst minimising any possible adverse health impacts. PMID:24503484

  16. Measurements of VOCs in Mexico City during the MILAGRO Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, A. K.; Beyersdorf, A. J.; Blake, N. J.; Meinardi, S.; Atlas, E.; Rowland, F.; Blake, D. R.

    2006-12-01

    During March of 2006 we participated in MILAGRO (Megacities Initiative: Local and Global Research Observations), a multi-platform campaign to measure pollutants in and in outflow from the Mexico City metropolitan area. As part of MILAGRO we collected whole air canister samples at two Mexico City ground sites: the Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, located in the city, northeast of the center, and the Universidad Technologica de Tecamac, a suburban site approximately 50 km northeast of the city center. Samples were also collected in various other locations throughout Mexico City. Over 300 whole air samples were collected and analyzed for a wide range of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) including methane, carbon monoxide, nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) and halocarbons. Propane was the most abundant NMHC at both the urban and suburban locations, with mixing ratios frequently in excess of 10 parts per billion at both locations. This is likely the result of the widespread use of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) of which propane is the major component. For most species, median mixing ratios at the urban sites were significantly greater than at the suburban site. Here we compare results from both urban and suburban locations and also examine the influence of transport on the composition of outflow from Mexico City.

  17. Clean Cities Tools: Tools to Help You Save Money, Use Less Petroleum, and Reduce Emissions (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2012-01-01

    Clean Cities Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) features a wide range of Web-based tools to help vehicle fleets and individual consumers reduce their petroleum use. This brochure lists and describes Clean Cities online tools related to vehicles, alternative fueling stations, electric vehicle charging stations, fuel conservation, emissions reduction, fuel economy, and more.

  18. Prototyping a Smart City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Henrik; Brynskov, Martin

    In this paper, we argue that by approaching the so-called Smart City as a design challenge, and an interaction design perspective, it is possible to both uncover existing challenges in the interplay between people, technology and society, as well as prototype possible futures. We present a case i...... in which we exposed data about the online communication between the citizens and the municipality on a highly visible media facade, while at the same time prototyped a tool that enabled citizens to report ‘bugs’ within the city....

  19. Perfil clínico-epidemiológico das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis em crianças atendidas em um centro de referência na cidade de Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil Clinical and epidemiological profile of sexually transmitted diseases in children attending a referral center in the city of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Barros da Rocha Ribas

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis em crianças permanecem um problema de saúde pública pouco estudado, sendo ainda necessários esclarecimentos sobre seu manejo e a relação destas com o abuso sexual infantil. OBJETIVOS: Descrever o perfil clínico-epidemiológico das Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis em crianças atendidas em centro de referência na cidade de Manaus. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se estudo descritivo exploratório para verificar características clínicas, epidemiológicas e laboratoriais das Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis em crianças atendidas durante o período de janeiro/2003 a dezembro/2007. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídas no estudo 182 crianças que apresentavam DST. A maioria era do sexo feminino (65,4% e de cor parda; a média de idade foi de 8,5 anos; 89% eram procedentes da cidade de Manaus; os pais foram os principais acompanhantes na consulta; verruga genital foi o principal diagnóstico em ambos os sexos; e, 90,1% apresentavam apenas uma DST. CONCLUSÃO: As frequências e características clínicas das DST nas crianças do estudo não diferiram do encontrado na literatura. Embora, com base em sinais e sintomas referentes tão somente às DST nas crianças, não se tenham parâmetros fidedignos de confirmação de abuso, deve-se sempre estar alerta para esta possibilidade, visto que estas doenças podem ser sinalizadoras de ofensas sexuais, por vezes, dissimuladas e repetidas.BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted diseases in children remain a public health concern that is relatively ignored. Further data are required on the management of these diseases and their association with child sexual abuse. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of sexually transmitted diseases in children receiving care at a referral center in the city of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. METHODS: A descriptive, exploratory study was conducted to evaluate the clinical, epidemiological and laboratory

  20. Healthy Cities: a guide to the literature.

    OpenAIRE

    Kenzer, M

    2000-01-01

    The author reviews the literature on attempts by city governments, international agencies, and nongovernmental and community organizations to improve city life around the world through Healthy Cities projects.

  1. Cultural diversity, cities and innovation: firm effects or city effects?

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Neil

    2013-01-01

    Growing cultural diversity is seen as important for innovation. Research has focused on two potential mechanisms: a firm effect, with diversity at the firm level improving knowledge sourcing or ideas generation, and a city effect, where diverse cities helping firms innovate. This paper uses a dataset of over 2,000 UK SMEs to test between these two. Controlling for firm characteristics, city characteristics and firm and city diversity, there is strong evidence for the firm effect. Firms with a...

  2. Programme Note: Realities and Opportunities in Ho Chi Minh City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franchet, Chi Nguyen

    1996-01-01

    The current status of street children in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, is characterized by marginalization from society through street vending, begging, theft, and prostitution. Evaluation of a drop-in center serving children without family linkages indicates need for needs assessments, follow-up activities, measurement of individual child progress,…

  3. Annual Conference of China City Planning 2011 Held in Nanjing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>On Sept. 20, 2010, the three-day Annual Conference of China City Planning 2011 was launched in the Nanjing International Expo Center, which was co-hosted by the Urban Planning Society of China (UPSC) and Nanjing Municipal Government, in collaboration with Department of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of

  4. Which are the "best" cities for psychology research worldwide?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. Bornmann; L. Leydesdorff; G. Krampen

    2012-01-01

    We present scientometric results about worldwide centers of excellence in psychology. Based on Web of Science data, scientific excellence can be identified for cities from where highly-cited papers originate. Data refer to all psychology articles published in 2007 which are documented in the Social

  5. Hackable Cities : From Subversive City Making to Systemic Change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Lange, M.L.; de Waal, Martijn; Foth, Marcus; Verhoeff, Nanna; Martin, Brynskov

    2015-01-01

    The DC9 workshop takes place on June 27, 2015 in Limerick, Ireland and is titled "Hackable Cities: From Subversive City Making to Systemic Change". The notion of "hacking" originates from the world of media technologies but is increasingly often being used for creative ideals and practices of city m

  6. Escaping The Big Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN PUMIN

    2010-01-01

    @@ The energy and excitement of first-tier cities,including Beijing,Shanghai,Guangzhou and Shenzhen in Guangdong Province,have long served as magnets attracting enthusiastic young people.But recent surveys have overturned the perception of this urban draw.

  7. WE LOVE THE CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Lasse

    2012-01-01

    With a point of departure in amongst others the Danish office of ADEPT’s approach, ‘The city in the building and the building in the city’ (ADEPT 2012), it is consequently the aim of this article to show how workshops can help shape and develop a spatial and architectural approach to form finding...

  8. Scarcity Makes the City

    OpenAIRE

    Mann, Geoff

    2013-01-01

    The first talk in the series, Scarcity Makes the City, features Vancouver-based economic geographer Geoff Mann. Looking at how modern political economy affects social relations and our experience of everyday life, Mann will discuss how contemporary capitalist dynamics shape Vancouver’s urban context, and the pasts, presents, and futures that weave it together.

  9. Nature in the City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferbert, Mary Lou

    1981-01-01

    Describes a science program developed by the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, "Nature in the City," in which students and teachers learn together about the natural community surrounding their school. Includes program's rationale, list of "adventures," and methods. Discusses strategies of Sherlock Holmes'"adventure" focusing on animal tracks…

  10. Bug City: Bees [Videotape].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998

    "Bug City" is a video series created to help children learn about insects and other small critters. All aspects of bug life are touched upon including body structure, food, habitat, life cycle, mating habits, camouflage, mutualism (symbiosis), adaptations, social behavior, and more. Each program features dramatic microscopic photography, fun…

  11. City of layers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2007-01-01

    mobility practices are played out in a relational space where the potential for movement is shifted in favour of the elite and the tourists. The Sky Train reconfigures the mobility patterns of the inner city of Bangkok in ways that are more than planning policies to overcome congestion and traffic jams...

  12. Atlantic City memories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Franklin H

    2008-04-01

    Fifty years ago, the Atlantic City meetings, held the first week in May of every year, were attended by all the elite of American academic medicine and all who wanted to join that group. Part of the magic of those meetings was that professors and neophytes took each other seriously and talked to each other. PMID:18382726

  13. Practicing the Generic (City)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone Koefoed

    2010-01-01

    Flanagan proposes that most locative media artworks neglect the particularities of spaces, their historical and political layers. Koolhaas, on the other hand, states that all urban areas are alike, that we are facing a global Generic City. The paper analyses digital media artist Esther Polak...

  14. City Kids Go Green.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Tricia

    1993-01-01

    Describes Outward Bound Urban Resources Initiative, a six-week summer course whose goal is to work with urban youth to develop solutions for local environmental problems. Among the activities described include converting city lots into parks, neighborhood cleanup, and tree planting. (MDH)

  15. Cities on the GROW

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nunes, Richard; Meulen, Suzanne; Mol, G.; Bailey, Alison

    2015-01-01

    Cities on the Grow is a cross-disciplinary project that has been funded by Climate-KIC, an initiative of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. It seeks to support the sustainable growth of urban food enterprises toward the implementation of more commercially viable business practices.

  16. Bandung City, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tarigan, A.K.M.; Sagala, S.S.; Samsura, D.A.A.; Fiisabiilillah, D.F.; Simarmata, H.A.; Nababan, M.

    2016-01-01

    Bandung City has grown to become a very important centre in Indonesia, demonstrating a higher economic growth rate than the national average. It has experienced many challenges resulting from rapid urbanisation, including slums, basic infrastructures, and flooding. Despite such issues, a gradual imp

  17. City fiiling / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Arhitektide Andres Alveri ja Tiit Trummali tähtsamatest töödest. Pikemalt Tallinna kesklinnas asuvatest majadest City Plaza ja Rävala Neli. Kommentaarid Rein Veidemannilt, Veljo Kaasikult, Hardo Aasmäelt, Toomas Tammiselt, Jaak Aaviksoolt ja Karin Pauluselt

  18. Transport for smart cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Niels Buus; Pedersen, Allan Schrøder

    2011-01-01

    ’ activities can be reached within the relative close distances of the city. However, urbanisation has also led to significant disadvantages, of which transport accounts for some of the most severe. Traffic accidents and emissions of air pollutants and noise take heavy tolls in terms of people killed...

  19. A Vibrant Ancient City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGTONG

    2004-01-01

    LIJIANG is a small city onthe Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau in southern Chinawith an 800-year history.Word of its ancient language and music, and unique natural scenery has spread over the decades, and Lijiang is now known throughout the world. It was added

  20. Sinking coastal cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkens, Gilles; Bucx, Tom; Dam, Rien; De Lange, Ger; Lambert, John

    2014-05-01

    In many coastal and delta cities land subsidence now exceeds absolute sea level rise up to a factor of ten. Without action, parts of Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Bangkok and numerous other coastal cities will sink below sea level. Land subsidence increases flood vulnerability (frequency, inundation depth and duration of floods), with floods causing major economic damage and loss of lives. In addition, differential land movement causes significant economic losses in the form of structural damage and high maintenance costs. This effects roads and transportation networks, hydraulic infrastructure - such as river embankments, sluice gates, flood barriers and pumping stations -, sewage systems, buildings and foundations. The total damage worldwide is estimated at billions of dollars annually. Excessive groundwater extraction after rapid urbanization and population growth is the main cause of severe land subsidence. In addition, coastal cities are often faced with larger natural subsidence, as they are built on thick sequences of soft soil. Because of ongoing urbanization and population growth in delta areas, in particular in coastal megacities, there is, and will be, more economic development in subsidence-prone areas. The impacts of subsidence are further exacerbated by extreme weather events (short term) and rising sea levels (long term).Consequently, detrimental impacts will increase in the near future, making it necessary to address subsidence related problems now. Subsidence is an issue that involves many policy fields, complex technical aspects and governance embedment. There is a need for an integrated approach in order to manage subsidence and to develop appropriate strategies and measures that are effective and efficient on both the short and long term. Urban (ground)water management, adaptive flood risk management and related spatial planning strategies are just examples of the options available. A major rethink is needed to deal with the 'hidden' but urgent

  1. Monitoring and Prevention of Epidemic Sources and Disease at Wildlife Breeding and Training Center in Yuxi City%玉溪市野生动物驯养繁殖单位疫源疫病监测防疫情况初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王怡敏; 刘波

    2012-01-01

    对玉溪市65家野生动物驯养繁殖单位的基本情况和疫源疫病监测防疫情况进行调查,收集数据进行汇总分析,从驯养繁殖种类及规模、技术人员配备、卫生防疫及消毒设施配备及消毒对象、人员防护、检疫、免疫、无害化处理、屠宰、信息档案等方面探讨玉溪市在野生动物驯养繁殖场所疫源疫病监测防疫中存在的风险和隐患.认为目前尚存在着对疫病传播的危害性认识不足,设施设备配置不全面,技术能力欠缺,尚未形成长期有效的监测防疫体系等问题,藉此提出加强宣传,增强意识;增加必要的投入;搭建技术平台,提供专业指导;完善监测防疫体系,形成长效机制等建议.%Basic status of monitoring and prevention of epidemic sources and disease at 65 wildlife breeding and training center was investigated in Yuxi City, risks and hidden dangers existing in monitoring and prevention of epidemic sources and disease also been analyzed from wildlife breeding type and scale, technician manning, facilities equipment of health and epidemic prevention, disinfection objects, personnel protection, quarantine, immunization, safe handling, slaughtering, etc. Issues such as lack of understanding to the dangers, lack of facilities and technical capacity, also have been carried out. Suggestions to strengthen the publicity, increase awareness and investment; build technology platform, provide professional guidance; improve disease prevention monitoring system, build a long-term mechanism were put forward.

  2. Perspectiva de alimentação infantil obtida com gestantes atendidas em centros de saúde na cidade de São Paulo Infant feeding expectations according to the pregnant women seen at the healthcare center in the city of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sueli Aparecida Moreira Takushi

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: conhecer a dieta infantil pretendida por gestantes para o primeiro ano de vida. MÉTODOS: estudo transversal cujos dados foram obtidos em formulário estruturado, aplicado durante entrevista individual com 164 gestantes, usuárias da Assistência pré-natal, de centros de saúde da cidade de São Paulo. Para análise estatística foi aplicado teste do chi2 para verificar associação entre idade, escolaridade, paridade e conhecimento de variedade de frutas, legumes, verduras e carnes. RESULTADOS: todas as mulheres conheciam pelo menos uma variedade de fruta e de legume, enquanto que 20% delas não pretendiam introduzir verduras. Não foram obtidos resultados estatisticamente significantes entre idade, escolaridade, paridade e conhecimento de variedade de frutas e de legumes. Foram obtidos resultados estatisticamente significantes entre idade, paridade e conhecimento de variedade de verduras e de carnes. Os alimentos mais rejeitados, na intenção materna, foram o peixe (85,4% e o fígado (82,3%. Foram constatados mitos em relação ao teor de ferro de alimentos. CONCLUSÕES: a intenção de oferecer alimentos à criança em idade inferior ao sexto mês de vida foi freqüente. Reafirma-se a importância de se discutir a transição alimentar infantil durante a assistência prestada à mulher.OBJECTIVES: to obtain information from pregnant women on how they planned to feed their infants during the first year of life. METHODS: cross sectional study of the data obtained through structured questionnaires, filled by means of individual interviews with 164 pregnant women assisted by prenatal clinics in Outpatient Centers in the city of São Paulo. Statistical Chi- Square test was used to determine association between age, school level, parity and knowledge on the variety of fruits, vegetables and meats available. RESULTS: all women knew at least one type of fruit and vegetable while 20% of the women did not intend to offer vegetables

  3. 12-18 Yaş Arası Gençlerin Hedonik Tüketim Davranışlarının İncelenmesi: Kocaeli Şehir Merkezinde Bir Araştırma / Analysis of Hedonic Consumption Behaviours of the Young People Aged 12-18: A Research in the City Center of Kocaeli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MERVE ÇAKIR

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Günümüzde tüketiciler sadece ihtiyaçlarına yönelik alışveriş yapmayıp, duygusal anlamda haz duyabileceği ya da alışveriş esnasında zevk alabileceği alışverişler yapmaktadırlar. Modern tüketim toplumlarında tüketim olgusunun duygusal veya hissi boyutu ön plana çıkmış, satın alma sürecinde geleneksel anlayıştan belirgin derecede farklılıklar gösteren hedonik (hazcı tüketim tüketici davranışları açısından giderek daha fazla oranda inceleme konusu olmaya başlamıştır. Pazarlama iletişiminde de firmaların hedef kitleleri genç tüketiciler olarak belirmektedir. Bu çalışma, genç tüketicilerin alışverişe bakışlarında gittikçe önemli bir yer alan hedonik tüketimin nedenlerini incelemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Analysis of Hedonic Consumption Behaviours of the Young People Aged 12-18: A Research in the City Center of Kocaeli At the present time, the consumers have not only been shopping just for their needs, but also for pleasure or to get a kick out of shopping. In modern consumption societies, the emotional dimension of consumption have come into prominence and the hedonic consumption at the process of purchasing that have significant differences from traditional mentality have increasingly been subject to researches. Also in marketing communication, the target audiences of the companies have appeared as young consumers. This study aims researching the reasons of the hedonic consumption which increasingly encompass an important place at the outlooking of the young consumers to shopping.

  4. The Emergence of City Logistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard, Britta; Aastrup, Jesper

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Many city logistics projects in Europe have failed. The purpose of this article is to increase understanding of how city logistics emerge. A better understanding of the complex organizational processes with many actors and stakeholders in city logistics projects may prevent further...... failures. Design/methodology/approach: Theory on organizational change is applied to capture the processes leading to emergence of city logistics. The methodology is process analysis on a single longitudinal case. Findings: The emergence of the Copenhagen city logistics project can be understood....... The study aims at understanding the social processes towards reduced congestion and greenhouse gas emissions from goods transport in inner cities. Originality/value: By better understanding the organization processes leading to implementation of city logistics, other projects in other cities may learn from...

  5. Kantaat Elizabeth II-le

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Inglise luuletaja Andrew Motion'i ja helilooja Peter Maxwell Davies'i kantaadist "The Golden Rule" Inglise kuningannale tema 80 aasta juubeli puhul (esitus 23. apr. Windsoris St George'i kirikus ja sügisesel Windsori festivalil)

  6. INTRA URBAN AIR TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTIONS IN HISTORIC URBAN CENTER

    OpenAIRE

    Elmira Jamei; Dilshan Remaz Ossen

    2012-01-01

    The study investigates the urban heat island effect in Malaysian historic town Malacca through seven mobile traverses, as carried out on 10 December 2011. It aims to identify the intra-urban air temperature differences between heritage core zone, new development area and outskirts of the city. Air temperature variations were also analyzed across three different zones; namely the outskirts, the heritage site and the city center district. Heat index values were then calculated based on air temp...

  7. Call Center ist nicht gleich Call Center

    OpenAIRE

    Baumgartner, Marc; Udris, Ivars

    2005-01-01

    Untersuchungen in 14 Schweizer Call Centers erbrachten vier Call Center-Typen, die sich hinsichtlich Arbeitstätigkeiten und Kommunikationsrichtung voneinander unterscheiden: (a) Beratungs- und Beschwerdemanagement, (b) Informationsmanagement, (c) Auftragsmanagement und (d) Kunden- und Kampagnenmanagement. Dies hat auch Auswirkungen auf die Personalstruktur, -selektion und -entwicklung der Call Center. Es wird der Frage nachgegangen, welche Kompetenzanforderungen in den unterschiedlichen Call ...

  8. Analysis urban life quality, case study residents of Rostamabad City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akram Ali Reza poor

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available One of the main issues raised about sustainable development and the quality of human life. Life quality, economic, social, physical, biological, cultural and political advocacy. City Rostamabad Narmashir city center, which is located in the South East province. Based on the material provided above, the present study is the evaluation of quality of life in the city Rostamabad. The purpose of this studies the physical aspects of quality of life, economic, social and Rostamabad is in the city. Research question is: subjective quality of life of residents in the city Rostamabad (Narmashir How so? This study is a descriptive analysis. Data collection methods include observation, enterprise statistics, and library resources, and Inventory. Quality of Life Questionnaire research tool households. They Collection data by, correlations Statistical tests, Binomial T test, Wilcoxon, and one sample T- test were analyzed. Findings indicated the objective quality of life of city residents Rostamabad is desirable and less desirable in some areas. The results showed the following subjective satisfaction with the quality of this type of service, cost, access time, and so is low. The subjective quality of life in the next few social good and is close to the average. While the have become more favorable for quality of life in all three dimensions of economic, social, and spatial - ecological status of the city.

  9. Guangzhou,The Spring City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Guangzhou is an ancient city with a history of 2800 years.It is named "the spring city" because with long summer the city is always with green plants and blooming with fresh flowers all years round.Myth legend tells of Guangzhou was founded by Five Immortals riding five rams, each ram planted a stalks of rice grain which symbolizes abundant of harvest or prosperity.And this is how Guangzhou got its nickname, "Yang Cheng" literally means "Goat City".

  10. City of One Thousand Temples

    OpenAIRE

    Stein, Emma Natalya

    2015-01-01

    A Network of Hearsay in South India Although the South Indian city of Kanchipuram is popularly known as the City of One Thousand Temples, there is no existing prescribed circuit, and no comprehensive temple listing or map to guide visitors.* Rather, the thousands of pilgrims who flood the city daily usually only know about the five most famous temples. Scattered street signs throughout the busy city point the way to these sprawling monuments, which are always crowded and especially ...

  11. The Carbon City Index (CCI)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boyd, Britta; Straatman, Bas; Mangalagiu, Diana;

    This paper presents a consumption-based Carbon City Index for CO2 emissions in a city. The index is derived from regional consumption and not from regional production. It includes imports and exports of emissions, factual emission developments, green investments as well as low carbon city...

  12. 以社区为本:城市治理的出发点与落脚点--从H市幸福社区创建与家庭综合服务中心发展的“社区性”谈起%Community as Starting Point and Target of Urban Governance---Comment on attributes of community during the well-being community building and integrated family service center developing in City H

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾江霞

    2016-01-01

    采用案例研究的方法,分析H市幸福社区创建活动中不同社区治理主体参与社区建设的情况,同时与H市家庭综合服务中心开展的社区服务进行对比,进一步分析政府、社会工作服务机构、居民在社区治理中各自的角色,以及三者合作的可能性及方向。有效的城市治理应是能够回应社区居民需要,能够动员各利益相关方参与的城市治理,即开放社区居民参与的渠道、引导新兴社会服务组织提供优质的服务产品、推动城市社区社会资本(如邻里互助等)的发展、以社区为本的城市治理。以社区为本的城市治理着眼于以社区整体利益为出发点,促进社区内部以及社区之间的合作,以实现社会团结和社区的可持续发展。同时,在社会政策发展方向上,政府在让渡服务空间的同时,需要对新兴的社会组织加强引导、规范,增加体制内解决社区问题的能力,最终达到“社区善治”的目标。%With the method of case study , the participation of different community governance subjects in the construction of a happy community in H city is analyzed and later compared with the community service pro -vided by Integrated Family Service Center in H City .Furthermore , the respective roles of government , social service agency and residents in the process of community governance are analyzed and the possibilities and direction of their future cooperation are discussed .Effective city governance should be able to respond to the needs of residents in the community and cam mobilize all the stakeholders to participate in city governance , which means the opening of the channels for community residents to participate , and leading of new social service groups to provide quality service , and promoting the development of community social capital ( such as neighborhood assistance ) in the cities .It all comes down to the community-based mode of city

  13. The mini climatic city a dedicated space for technological innovations devoted to Sustainable City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derkx, François; Lebental, Bérengère; Merliot, Erick; Dumoulin, Jean; Bourquin, Frédéric

    2015-04-01

    Our cities, from megalopolis to rural commune, are systems of an extraordinary technological and human complexity. Their balance is threatened by the growing population and rarefaction of resources. Massive urbanization endanges the environment, while global climate change, through natural hazards generated (climatic, hydrological and geological), threats people and goods. Connect the city, that is to say, design and spread systems able to route, between multiple actors, a very large amount of heterogeneous information natures and analyzed for various purposes, is at the heart of the hopes to make our cities more sustainable: climate-resilient, energy efficient and actresses of the energy transition, attractive to individuals and companies, health and environment friendly. If multiple players are already aware of this need, progress is slow because, beyond the only connectivity, it is the urban intelligence that will create the sustainable city, through coordinated capabilities of Perception, Decision and Action: to measure phenomena; to analyze their impact on urban sustainability in order to define strategies for improvement; to effectively act on the cause of the phenomenon. In this very active context with a strong societal impact, the Sense-City project aims to accelerate research and innovation in the field of sustainable city, particularly in the field of micro and nanosensors. The project is centered around a "mini climatic City", a unique mobile environmental chamber in Europe of 400m² that can accommodate realistic models of city main components, namely buildings, infrastructures, distribution networks or basements. This R&D test place, available in draft form from January 2015 and in finalized version in 2016, will allow to validate, in realistic conditions, innovative technologies performances for the sustainable city, especially micro- and nano-sensors, at the end of their development laboratory and upstream of industrialization. R & D platform

  14. Children's cancer centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pediatric cancer center; Pediatric oncology center; Comprehensive cancer center ... Treating childhood cancer is not the same as treating adult cancer. The cancers are different. So are the treatments and the ...

  15. Womens Business Center

    Data.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration — Women's Business Centers (WBCs) represent a national network of nearly 100 educational centers throughout the United States and its territories, which are designed...

  16. The Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Jensen, Ole B.; Kiib, Hans

    2012-01-01

    This article take its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on European cities - a pressure which in recent years has found its expression in a number of comprehensive transformations of the physical and architectural environments, and new eventscapes related to fun...... and cultural experience are emerging. The physical, cultural and democratic consequences of this development are discussed in the article, as well as the problems and the new opportunities in the ‘Experience city’. It focuses on the design of the ‘Danish Experience City’ with a special emphasis on hybrid...... to relate to the wider international debate and development. In section two we present the main theoretical concepts and framings that will guide the understanding and the analysis of the experience city. In section three we focus on the design of the ‘Danish experience city’ and present the first research...

  17. The Emerging City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samson, Kristine

    ” – urban furniture that was originally part of an election campaign for the cultural minister of Denmark, will illustrate how both political and artistic signatures become deterritorialized through urban space, time and every day social use. The second example is taken from corporate city development......The paper explores how urban bodies such as architecture, urban design, art works and social action can be drawn together in as urban assemblages producing “a movement of generalised deterritorialization”(Deleuze & Guattari 2004:78) in relation to the city. The first example, “The Elbæk bench...... milieu and how other meanings emerge. In the last example, Relocation of beer drinkers on Enghave Square, Copenhagen, I will highlight how a heterogeneous assemblages of architecture, urban design, artistic intervention and every day social life has constructed continuums of intensities over a period...

  18. City under the Ice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristian Hvidtfelt

    military conflicts are taking place. Studying the wealth of public representations of Camp Century, established 1959-60 by the US Army 128 miles east of the Thule Air Base and often referred to as the “City under the Ice”, we find a sharp contrast between the domesticated interior and the superpower...... conflict that gave impetus to the camp’s construction. Presented to the public as a scientific station and a technologically-advanced, under-ice extension of the American way of life, while situated in the titanic struggle between West and East, Camp Century took on a number of closed-world meanings....... However, the military logic of Camp Century was self-referential and closed in the sense that the very idea of constructing the city under ice emerged from Cold War strategy. The closed world of Camp Century established a temporary boundary between, on the one hand, the comfortable space controlled by US...

  19. The Emerging City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samson, Kristine

    ” – urban furniture that was originally part of an election campaign for the cultural minister of Denmark, will illustrate how both political and artistic signatures become deterritorialized through urban space, time and every day social use. The second example is taken from corporate city development at...... the urban milieu and how other meanings emerge. In the last example, Relocation of beer drinkers on Enghave Square, Copenhagen, I will highlight how a heterogeneous assemblages of architecture, urban design, artistic intervention and every day social life has constructed continuums of intensities over...... a period of time thus establishing an emergent urban space divergent from both the intentions of the planner, architect, artist and user. Through the examples, I suggest that each urban body or design deterritorialize connecting with the city. Broadening up the perspective, I ask whether...

  20. The Temporary City Workshop

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, Niamh; McCarthy, Linda

    2014-01-01

    The Temporary City Workshop was hosted by Dr Niamh Moore-Cherry on Tuesday 21 October in Nova UCD. The workshop is part of the Greening as Spatial Politics project funded by the IRC New Foundations scheme 2013 and is a collaboration between geographers at University College Dublin and the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The goal of the workshop was to facilitate networking across a diversity of stakeholders and initiate discussion on temporary urban interventions in Dublin. The workshop wa...

  1. WE LOVE THE CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Lasse

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRAKTISTAN 2011 og udstillingen WE LOVE THE CITY på Utzon Centeret i Aalborg vil vi derfor gerne vise alle, der færdes i byen og bruger dens arkitektur, at der i Urban design fagligheden er et potentiale. Både for de der bruger byen og for dem der udøver arkitekturen med en stærk urban intention i det skala...

  2. City of open works

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riesto, Svava; Søberg, Martin; Braae, Ellen Marie

    2012-01-01

    Cities change – and so do the tasks and agendas of landscapes architects. New types of urban schemes are increasingly arising. On the one hand, new sorts of commissions have emerged in recent years – on the other hand, traditional commissions have been interpreted in radically new ways. These con......-geneous design method. But what actually characterizes this new design method? We have pointed out five specific strategies...

  3. Tackling Cities' Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ The world will continue to rely on scientists and technicians to tackle looming challenges in climate,medicine and transportation.A forum addressing science and technological innovations and the future of urbanization was held in Wuxi City in east China's Jiangsu Province on June 21-22,where scientists and government officials the world over discussed these three main issues.Edited excerpts follow:

  4. Cities, connections and cronyism

    OpenAIRE

    John Quiggin

    2006-01-01

    Recent developments in the global system of cities present a curious paradox. With the cost of communications declining almost to zero and substantial, though less dramatic reductions in transport costs, there is now little technical requirement for most kinds of production to be undertaken in any particular location, or for elements of production chains to be located close to each other. This fact has had dramatic consequences for the organisation of manufacturing industry. Simple production...

  5. Businessplan Smart Sustainable cities

    OpenAIRE

    Verdeyen, Nadia; Opstelten, Ivo; Eweg, Erlijn; Rietbergen, Marieke; Martinovic, Ina

    2014-01-01

    Uit voorwoord Anton Franken, lid CvB `Smart Sustainable Cities is een platform voor het bedrijfsleven, kennisinstellingen en Hogeschool Utrecht waar gezamenlijk vernieuwende producten en diensten worden ontwikkeld die de realisatie van slimme, duurzame en gezonde steden dichterbij brengt. Startende en ervaren professionals hebben hiermee de mogelijkheid om via het onderwijs of via bij- en nascholing de nieuwste toepasbare kennis en inzichten op dit gebied op te doen. Tevens verricht het platf...

  6. Transport for smart cities

    OpenAIRE

    Kristensen, Niels Buus; Pedersen, Allan Schrøder

    2011-01-01

    The global megatrend of the last century’s migration from rural to ever-larger conurbations has created immense gains to society through economies of scale and benefits from agglomeration. These include – other things remaining equal – a lesser need for transport because a bigger share of peoples’ activities can be reached within the relative close distances of the city. However, urbanisation has also led to significant disadvantages, of which transport accounts for some of the most severe. T...

  7. CityVille For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Orland, Kyle

    2011-01-01

    Learn to build and play CityVille to its full potential! You don't have to move to the city?just build one! Free to play, CityVille is a real-time simulation game that is available on Facebook and is the latest online game craze. As the only how-to beginner guide for new and current players, this helpful book walks you through the process of building a city from the ground up while acting as the city leader. You'll learn how to clear land, assemble roads, construct buildings, ship and import goods, trade with others, interact with the city's residents, and visit neighboring cities. Vibrant ful

  8. A Visit to the Rehabilitation Center for Drug Addicts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    TWENTY-four-year-old Mu Li has come to the rehabilitation center in Tianjin of her own free will. After a year on drugs, she now wants to quit. This is her second time being hospitalized. The first time, she stayed for 20 days in the center. Not long after she was discharged, however, she was on drugs again. So she came back to the center, begging to be hospitalized again. The Tianjin Rehabilitation Center for Drug Addicts (TRCDA) where Mu Li is being treated was established in 1992, although cases of drug abuse were then still rare in the city. However, with the increasing rate of drug abuse in coastal

  9. Noises in the City Graffittis in the City of Londrina - Approaches...

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yabushita, Irineu Jun

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available This inquiry is a reflection on the graffiti, understanding it as one social practice that allows the citizens attribute new senses for the urban spaces. The graffiters, when leaving yours signatures – “tags” – in the walls of the city, transforms the public space into private space, for after, transforms them into public, now modified. We made an analysis of marks left for two groups of graffiters in the center of the city of Londrina – Brazil. We observe that these marks interact with each other, establishing a net of senses. The city is transformed into a support where the people (in groups or individually exercise the construction of yours identities through the establishment of the differences (within the dispute between groups and/or individual for the public or in the overcoming of disputes ("by adding to the existing graffitis". The graffiters, when inscribing yours "tags" in the urban universe, modifies the identity of the city, reconfiguring its landscape

  10. Green and sustainable City will become the development objective of China's Low Carbon City in future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li-Qun, Liu; Chun-Xia, Liu; Yun-Guang, Gao

    2014-01-01

    Environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions are becoming significant environmental issues in China, thus the sustainable development and revival of the country is impossible using the conventional path of encouraging economic growth at the expense of the environment. In response to the global warming, the prices of the traditional energy rise considerably, and a series of environmental problems, China must improve its own mode of economic development. Hundreds of Chinese cities have billions of square meters of buildings and most industry and the annual energy demand is an astronomical figure. China's government is facing increasing pressure in the low carbon international backdrop, and the low carbon city becomes the inevitable developmental direction of Chinese city in the foreseeable future. The description is first centered on energy structure/energy consumption per unit/urbanized status, and urban energy consumption status, and then concerned with the efforts and measures of Chinese government, to realize the energy saving. Finally, we present the developmental prospect and barriers and the promotion measures related to the low carbon city under the government policy, financial incentives and funding supports, etc.

  11. Green and sustainable City will become the development objective of China's Low Carbon City in future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li-Qun, Liu; Chun-Xia, Liu; Yun-Guang, Gao

    2014-01-01

    Environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions are becoming significant environmental issues in China, thus the sustainable development and revival of the country is impossible using the conventional path of encouraging economic growth at the expense of the environment. In response to the global warming, the prices of the traditional energy rise considerably, and a series of environmental problems, China must improve its own mode of economic development. Hundreds of Chinese cities have billions of square meters of buildings and most industry and the annual energy demand is an astronomical figure. China's government is facing increasing pressure in the low carbon international backdrop, and the low carbon city becomes the inevitable developmental direction of Chinese city in the foreseeable future. The description is first centered on energy structure/energy consumption per unit/urbanized status, and urban energy consumption status, and then concerned with the efforts and measures of Chinese government, to realize the energy saving. Finally, we present the developmental prospect and barriers and the promotion measures related to the low carbon city under the government policy, financial incentives and funding supports, etc. PMID:24423063

  12. Clean Cities 2012 Annual Metrics Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, C.

    2013-12-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Clean Cities program advances the nation's economic, environmental, and energy security by supporting local actions to cut petroleum use in transportation. A national network of nearly 100 Clean Cities coalitions brings together stakeholders in the public and private sectors to deploy alternative and renewable fuels, idle-reduction measures, fuel economy improvements, and new transportation technologies, as they emerge. Each year DOE asks Clean Cities coordinators to submit annual reports of their activities and accomplishments for the previous calendar year. Data and information are submitted via an online database that is maintained as part of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Coordinators submit a range of data that characterizes the membership, funding, projects, and activities of their coalitions. They also submit data about sales of alternative fuels, deployment of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), idle-reduction initiatives, fuel economy activities, and programs to reduce vehicle miles traveled (VMT). NREL analyzes the data and translates them into petroleum-use reduction impacts, which are summarized in this report.

  13. BERDE (BERZA’A A CITY OF CIVILISATION IN THE MIDDLE AGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Özmenli

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The city has been the most important symbol of merciless struggle against nature in mankind history since people started to live together. Cities, as places, have been one of the most important indicators of civilizations where humans have fulfilled their needs and relationships. In the Middle Ages many new cities either newly established or developed with their own structures. A new city was founded onto the core city or around it. These cities including fairs, bazaars, places for the craftsmen became the centers of important economic activities. The city of Berde had already been a miniature and mirror of Sassanians and subsequently became a miniature and mirror of Ottoman governments. Berde was one of the important centers in terms of strategic and economic position particularly silk production. Berde has never lost its importance until Russian invasion and then Mongolian invasion. The investigation of this city which was displayed in the Middle Ages historical sources in a position of east-west route was conducted by means of literature review. The geographical position, political and cultural activities, economic status of this city were investigated and its contributions to the history of civilization were examined.

  14. AN IN-SITU PERMEABLE REACTIVE BARRIER FOR THE TREATMENT OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM AND TRICHLOROETHYLENE IN GROUND WATER: VOLUME 1 DESIGN AND INSTALLATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    A 46 m long, 7.3 m deep, and 0.6 m wide permeable subsurface reactive wall was installed at the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Support Center, near Elizabeth City, North Carolina, in June 1996. The reactive wall was designed to remediate hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] contaminated ground ...

  15. AN IN SITU PERMEABLE REACTIVE BARRIER FOR THE TREATMENT OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM AND TRICHLOROETHYLENE IN GROUNDWATER:VOLUME 2 PERFORMANCE MONITORING

    Science.gov (United States)

    A 46 m long, 7.3 m deep, and 0.6 m wide permeable subsurface reactive wall was installed at the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Support Center, near Elizabeth City, North Carolina, in June 1996. The reactive wall was designed to remediate hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] contaminated ground ...

  16. Student Success Center Toolkit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jobs For the Future, 2014

    2014-01-01

    "Student Success Center Toolkit" is a compilation of materials organized to assist Student Success Center directors as they staff, launch, operate, and sustain Centers. The toolkit features materials created and used by existing Centers, such as staffing and budgeting templates, launch materials, sample meeting agendas, and fundraising…

  17. Avaliação da saúde de crianças em creches de cidade do sul do Brasil Evaluación de la salud en niños en guarderías de ciudad del sur de Brasil Health assessment of children in daycare centers in a city of Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doroteia Aparecida Höfelmann

    2012-09-01

    (n=589. La recolección de datos incluyó medidas antropométricas y cuestionario con variables infantiles y del responsable. La evaluación del responsable sobre la salud infantil fue clasificada como muy buena, buena, regular, mala o muy mala. Para el análisis, las dos primeras categorías fueron agrupadas y las tres últimas indicaron salud negativa. Las razones de prevalencia brutas y ajustadas y sus respectivos intervalos de confianza de 95% (IC95% fueron calculados por medio de la regresión de Poisson, con ajuste para delineaciones complejas. RESULTADOS: Se evaluaron a 531 niños (90,2%, con edades de 1,5 meses a 7,5 años, la mayoría era de guarderías públicas (75,9%. Solamente el 8,1% (IC95% 5,8 - 10,4% tuvieron su salud clasificada como regular. Niños que fueron hospitalizados el último año, con color de la piel negra, amarilla o india, que quedaban más de 20 horas por semana en la guardería y con consumo alimentar considerado «pequeño» por los padres presentaron mayor prevalencia de salud clasificada como regular. Padres que relataron consumir bebidas alcohólicas evaluaron como peor la salud de sus hijos. CONCLUSIONES: La mayoría de los responsables evaluó positivamente la salud de sus hijos. Color de la piel, hospitalizaciones y consumo alimentar fueron variables independientemente asociadas a peor evaluación de salud infantil por los responsables.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the health of children assisted at public and private daycare centers of a city to the South of Brazil, and to assess its association with socioeconomic, demographic, and health-related conditions. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with dual-stage sampling (n=589. Data collection included anthropometric measures and a questionnaire with variables related to children and their guardians. Guardian's ratings of children's health were classified as very good, good, fair, poor, or very poor. The first two categories were grouped, and the three last ones indicated poor health. Crude

  18. Regional Rural Tourist Recreation Shopping Centers: A New Concept in the Leisure Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholls, Leland L.

    1975-01-01

    A rural tourist-recreation shopping center is defined as an area relatively accessible to city dwellers that can be developed for recreation purposes. Twenty-three such areas have been identified in the Appalachian Highlands. (PS)

  19. Analysis of Elizabeth' s Love in Winesburg, Ohio: a Perspective of Sociological Criticism%小镇情事——社会学角度解读《小镇畸人》中伊丽莎白的爱情

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭平

    2015-01-01

    美国现代著名作家舍伍德· 安德森在其代表作《小镇畸人》中刻画了一个由农业社会向资本主义社会转型时期的美国西部小镇,镇上的人们行为怪异,被称为畸人,伊莉莎白是无数畸人中的一个. 借助关于疯癫形成的社会机制的理论,结合女性主义的观点,通过解读伊莉莎白在少女时期、婚姻中以及生命最后阶段的爱情,分析伊莉莎白因爱而畸的外部社会原因,警醒当代的人们关注女性的情感世界,保障女性在变化的社会机制中健康发展.%In the novel Winesburg,Ohio,Sherwood Anderson depicts a town named Winesburg located in the western part of America , which is transferring from the agricultural society to the industrial society .Many town residents be-have strangely and have a twisted mind ,and they are called grotesques , Elizabeth is just one of them .By applying the theory of social mechanism over human madness and adopting feminist approach , the paper interprets Elizabeth ' s love life, namely love before marriage , love in the marriage and love at the end of her life with an analysis about the exter-nal social factors of her twisted psychology in her love so as to alert modern people of female ' s emotional world and to ensure the mental health of women in society .

  20. Os Centros de Testagem e Aconselhamento (CTA no município do Rio de Janeiro e o acesso ao diagnóstico do HIV entre e população negra: uma análise qualitativa Testing and Counseling Centers (TCC in Rio de Janeiro city, and access to the HIV diagnosis for the black population: a qualitative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Luzia França Araújo

    2010-12-01

    and reflect social inequality. This research aims at discussing the black population's access to the HIV diagnosis in Rio de Janeiro city. The qualitative method was chosen. Data were collected through 62 semi-structured interviews with people who declared themselves black or mulatto and visited the Testing and Counseling Center (TCC to take the HIV test. Data analysis was based on the premises of the Collective Subject Discourse. Most interviewees did not report any difficulties to get access to the HIV test. The repressed demand at the TCC was identified as a barrier, due to the limited test offer caused by material and human resource issues. No statement was found that demonstrated color/race discrimination during contact with the service. Factors appointed as facilitating test access included: free test, indication or referral by health professionals or service, access to the test site, service credibility, rapid care and absence of bureaucracy.

  1. Resultados maternos e neonatais em Centro de Parto Normal peri-hospitalar na cidade de São Paulo, Brasil Resultados maternos y neonatales en un Centro de Parto Normal perihospitalario en la ciudad de São Paulo, Brasil Maternal and perinatal outcomes of an alongside hospital Birth Center in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Fagundes Lobo

    2010-09-01

    describe the maternal and perinatal results of care in the alongside hospital birth center Casa de Maria (CPN-CM, located in the city of São Paulo. The random sample included 991 women and their newborns, attended between 2003 and 2006. The results showed that 92.2% of women had a companion of her choice during childbirth and the practices commonly used were shower or immersion bath (92.9%, amniotomy (62.6%, walking (47.6%, massage comfort (29.8% and episiotomy (25.7%. Regarding newborns, 99.9% of them had Apgar scores =7 in the fifth minute, 9.3% received aspiration of the upper airway, no one needed to be intubated and 1.4% were removed to the hospital. The model of care in the CPN-CM provides maternal and perinatal outcomes expected for low obstetric risk women, and means a safe option and less interventionist model in normal childbirth.

  2. CityGML - Interoperable semantic 3D city models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gröger, Gerhard; Plümer, Lutz

    2012-07-01

    CityGML is the international standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) for the representation and exchange of 3D city models. It defines the three-dimensional geometry, topology, semantics and appearance of the most relevant topographic objects in urban or regional contexts. These definitions are provided in different, well-defined Levels-of-Detail (multiresolution model). The focus of CityGML is on the semantical aspects of 3D city models, its structures, taxonomies and aggregations, allowing users to employ virtual 3D city models for advanced analysis and visualization tasks in a variety of application domains such as urban planning, indoor/outdoor pedestrian navigation, environmental simulations, cultural heritage, or facility management. This is in contrast to purely geometrical/graphical models such as KML, VRML, or X3D, which do not provide sufficient semantics. CityGML is based on the Geography Markup Language (GML), which provides a standardized geometry model. Due to this model and its well-defined semantics and structures, CityGML facilitates interoperable data exchange in the context of geo web services and spatial data infrastructures. Since its standardization in 2008, CityGML has become used on a worldwide scale: tools from notable companies in the geospatial field provide CityGML interfaces. Many applications and projects use this standard. CityGML is also having a strong impact on science: numerous approaches use CityGML, particularly its semantics, for disaster management, emergency responses, or energy-related applications as well as for visualizations, or they contribute to CityGML, improving its consistency and validity, or use CityGML, particularly its different Levels-of-Detail, as a source or target for generalizations. This paper gives an overview of CityGML, its underlying concepts, its Levels-of-Detail, how to extend it, its applications, its likely future development, and the role it plays in scientific research. Furthermore, its

  3. Water for cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Africa has entered the new Millennium with a sense of hope and renewed confidence. With widening and deepening of political reforms, economic liberalization and a strengthened civil society, an increasing number of African countries are striving towards economic recovery and sustainable development. But also Africa is a continent of paradox. Home to the world's longest river, the Nile, and the second largest freshwater lake, Lake Victoria. Africa has abundant water resources contributed by large rivers, vast stretches of wetlands and limited, but widely spread, groundwater. Yet only a limited number of countries are beneficiaries of this abundance. Fourteen African countries account for 80% of the total water available on the continent, while 12 of the countries together account for only 1% of water availability. Some 400 million people are estimated to be living in water-scarce condition today. Indeed my home country, Tanzania, claims over 40% of Africa's water resources from Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganaika and other major water bodies. Water in Africa is not only unfairly distributed by nature but, due to backward technology and underdevelopment, it remains also inadequately allocated by man. At the turn of the new Millennium, over 300 million people in Africa still do not have access to safe water. But perhaps nowhere is the challenge more complex and demanding than in the rapidly growing African cities. With an average growth rate of 5% per annum, Africa is the fastest urbanizing region in the world today. Between 1990 and 2020, in many of our life times, urban populations in Africa will rise fourfold from 138 to 500 million. The 'Water for African Cities Programme' is demonstrating, in seven African countries (Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, South Africa and Zambia), how to put in place an integrated urban water resource management strategy that could bring three key sectors -- urban, environment and water -- to work together. Tanzania is the

  4. City project and public space

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    The book aims at nurturing theoretic reflection on the city and the territory and working out and applying methods and techniques for improving our physical and social landscapes. The main issue is developed around the projectual dimension, with the objective of visualising both the city and the territory from a particular viewpoint, which singles out the territorial dimension as the city’s space of communication and negotiation. Issues that characterise the dynamics of city development will be faced, such as the new, fresh relations between urban societies and physical space, the right to the city, urban equity, the project for the physical city as a means to reveal civitas, signs of new social cohesiveness, the sense of contemporary public space and the sustainability of urban development. Authors have been invited to explore topics that feature a pluralism of disciplinary contributions studying formal and informal practices on the project for the city and seeking conceptual and operative categories capab...

  5. New city spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gehl, Jan; Gemzøe, Lars

    2001-01-01

    2. rev. udg. engelsk udgave af 'Nye byrum'. This book presents an overview of the developments in the use and planning of public spaces, and offers a detailed description of 9 cities with interesting public space strategies: Barcelona, Lyon, Strasbourg, Freiburg and Copenhagen in Europe, Portland...... in North America, Curitiba and Cordoba in South America and Melbourne in Australia. It also portrays 39 selected public space projects from all parts of the World. The strategies and projects are extensively illustrated by drawings, plans and photographs....

  6. City of Epitaphs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan Hicks

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The pavement lies like a ledger-stone on a tomb. Buried underneath are the remains of fertile landscapes and the life they once supported. Inscribed on its upper side are epitaphic writings. Whatever their ostensible purpose, memorial plaques and public artworks embedded in the pavement are ultimately expressions of civic bereavement and guilt. The pavement's role as both witness and accomplice to fatality is confirmed by private individuals who publicize their grief with death notices graffitied on the asphalt. To walk the city is to engage in a dialogue about death.

  7. Smart Cities need architects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Architects and urban planners have always been at the forefront of technical and social innovation processes, researching and proposing new urban models and buildings based on cognitive materials from both their own and other fields of knowledge. In fact, current society, including our ways of life and habits, could not be comprehended without the open, curious minds and progressive even defiant attitudes of architects such as Brunelleschi, Violletle- Duc, Perret, Le Corbusier and Fuller, who defied the threshold of conceptual and vital convention and staked everything on exploring and applying the characteristic technological breakthroughs of their day to architecture and the design of cities. (Author)

  8. Beyond the City Limits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Hairong

    2012-01-01

    While most fresh university graduates in China aim to find jobs in the cities,more and more welleducated young people are starting to look for career opportunities in rural areas.Cheng Guangjing is one of those who have chosen to work as a village official.In 2009 he began working in Dongzhuang Village,Lankao County in central China's Henan Province.On November 24,2011,the villagers unanimously elected him secretary of the Dongzhuang Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC).

  9. The City Street

    OpenAIRE

    H.C. van der Wouden

    1999-01-01

    Original title: De stad op straat. The city street; the public space in perspective (De stad op straat; de openbare ruimte in perspectief) by the Netherlands Institute for Social Research/SCP is intended to contribute to the formation of new ideas about the public space and the future of urban societies. It presents a collection of essays on the urban public space from a large number of scientific disciplines. The following authors contributed to the collection: Prof. R.W. Boomkens (cult...

  10. Beijing-Entertainment City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    With 3,000 years of history and over 18 million people,Beijing is a city that has moved with the times.Behind the brand new malls,futuristic buildings and vibrant nightlife,one can still feel the pulse of China’s ancient culture.Here are a few options to discover Beijing’s rich and vibrant entertainment scene. Traditional Beijing Peking Opera is the most famous of all Chinese opera and certainly the quintessential traditional Chinese culture.It combines music,vocal per-

  11. Towards Smart City Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rehm, Matthias; Stan, Catalin; Wøldike, Niels Peter;

    2015-01-01

    , the concept of smart city learning is exploited to situate learning about geometric shapes in concrete buildings and thus make them more accessible for younger children. In close collaboration with a local school a game for 3rd graders was developed and tested on a field trip and in class. A mixed measures......We present an approach to geometry learning that is based on a didactic theory, which builds on play in order to discover and learn about geometry. Inspired by this theory, a mobile and location-aware game has been developed that aims at embodying geometric concepts in the real world. To this end...

  12. Smart Cities: esperienze europee

    OpenAIRE

    Gasca, Emanuela

    2013-01-01

    «Il tema chiave che ruota intorno concetto di Smat City è la necessità e il desiderio di trasformare le città e le comunità in luoghi con una migliore qualità della vita» (Van Beurden, 2011). Proprio questo deve essere uno degli obiettivi principali delle strategie smart che, valorizzando le potenzialità dei territori nei quali si sviluppano, devono essere orientate ad un miglioramento delle condizioni di vita della cittadinanza e allo sviluppo della capacità attrattiva delle città. La smart ...

  13. Advantages and Disadvantages in setting up and managing a Captive Center in Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, An; Nguyen, Thanh

    2015-01-01

    This work concerns factors that Captive Centers would face when they operate in Vietnam. In other words, it purposes to perceive in detail what Vietnam offers to Captive Centers by identifying the advantages and disadvantages in establishing and managing Captive Centers in Vietnam from the perspective of foreign companies. Under the qualitative research method, the authors have done three interviews with the managers of two Captive Centers operating in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, by sending th...

  14. Perception of Length to Width Relations of City Squares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harold T. Nefs

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we focus on how people perceive the aspect ratio of city squares. Earlier research has focused on distance perception but not so much on the perceived aspect ratio of the surrounding space. Furthermore, those studies have focused on “open” spaces rather than urban areas enclosed by walls, houses and filled with people, cars, etc. In two experiments, we therefore measured, using a direct and an indirect method, the perceived aspect ratio of five city squares in the historic city center of Delft, the Netherlands. We also evaluated whether the perceived aspect ratio of city squares was affected by the position of the observer on the square. In the first experiment, participants were asked to set the aspect ratio of a small rectangle such that it matched the perceived aspect ratio of the city square. In the second experiment, participants were asked to estimate the length and width of the city square separately. In the first experiment, we found that the perceived aspect ratio was in general lower than the physical aspect ratio. However, in the second experiment, we found that the calculated ratios were close to veridical except for the most elongated city square. We conclude therefore that the outcome depends on how the measurements are performed. Furthermore, although indirect measurements are nearly veridical, the perceived aspect ratio is an underestimation of the physical aspect ratio when measured in a direct way. Moreover, the perceived aspect ratio also depends on the location of the observer. These results may be beneficial to the design of large open urban environments, and in particular to rectangular city squares.

  15. Monitoring Energy and Carbon Fluxes in a Mediterranean City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marras, S.; Sirca, C.; Bellucco, V.; Arca, A.; Ventura, A.; Duce, P.; Spano, D.

    2015-12-01

    Cities and the surrounding areas play an important role in altering and/or contributing to the natural processes of the Earth system. Specifically, cities affect the amount and partitioning of energy fluxes, as well as the carbon budget. It is recognized that increased greenhouse gases (GHG) concentration (mainly carbon dioxide) and air temperature values are typically experienced by cities, due to their structural and morphological characteristics and to human activities in urban areas (such as traffic, domestic heating/cooling, etc.). This will impact the urban climate. Reducing the impact of urbanization on climate requires the knowledge of the interactions and links between human activities and the land-atmosphere system. Each city has different characteristics and conditions, so planning strategies helping in reducing carbon emissions should take into account local features. In this contest, monitoring activities are crucial to study the exchange of energy, water, and carbon over the city, evaluate their impact on human livability, and understand the role of the city on climate. A research activity is carried out in the Mediterranean city of Sassari, in the North of Sardinia island (Italy) to monitor urban fluxes and distinguish the main sources of GHG emissions, which could help the municipality to identify possible actions for reducing them. An Eddy Covariance tower was set up in the city center to directly monitor energy and carbon exchanges at half-hourly time step. Even if the measurement period only consists of few months, the daily trend of urban fluxes clearly shows that traffic is one of the main carbon emission sources, while the contribution of vegetation in sequestering carbon is low due to the reduced amount of green areas in the measurements footprint (< 20%). In addition, differences between working days and holiday periods can be distinguished.

  16. Malmo: A city in transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anderson, Tessa Kate

    2014-01-01

    . From 1840 to the mid-1970s, Malmo’s growth continued to flourish. Like many Swedish cities, the manufacturing recession of the mid-1970s bought unemployment and population decline. Malmo transitioned from a manufacturing hub into a knowledge city with a strong focus on sustainable planning. Malmo has...... become a multicultural city with vibrant neighbourhoods and successful new developments such as the Western Harbour. The Øresund bridge has increased its linkages with Denmark and Europe providing easy access for employment and residential opportunities. The success of the city will be measured in its...

  17. Smart Cities and Sustainability Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena BATAGAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In our age cities are complex systems and we can say systems of systems. Today locality is the result of using information and communication technologies in all departments of our life, but in future all cities must to use smart systems for improve quality of life and on the other hand for sustainable development. The smart systems make daily activities more easily, efficiently and represent a real support for sustainable city development. This paper analysis the sus-tainable development and identified the key elements of future smart cities.

  18. Large cities are less green

    CERN Document Server

    Oliveira, E A; Makse, H A

    2014-01-01

    We study how urban quality evolves as a result of carbon dioxide emissions as urban agglomerations grow. We employ a bottom-up approach combining two unprecedented microscopic data on population and carbon dioxide emissions in the continental US. We first aggregate settlements that are close to each other into cities using the City Clustering Algorithm (CCA) defining cities beyond the administrative boundaries. Then, we use data on $\\rm{CO}_2$ emissions at a fine geographic scale to determine the total emissions of each city. We find a superlinear scaling behavior, expressed by a power-law, between $\\rm{CO}_2$ emissions and city population with average allometric exponent $\\beta = 1.46$ across all cities in the US. This result suggests that the high productivity of large cities is done at the expense of a proportionally larger amount of emissions compared to small cities. Furthermore, our results are substantially different from those obtained by the standard administrative definition of cities, i.e. Metropol...

  19. 伊丽莎白·亚历山大教授访谈录%Interview with Prof.Elizabeth Alexander

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗良功

    2011-01-01

    Elizabeth Alexander is poet,professor and chair of the Department of African AmericanStudies,Yale University.Author of 7 books of poems such as The Venus Hottentot(1990),Amer-ican Sublime(2005),and Crave Radiance(2010) as well as 2 collections of essays The BlackInterior(2004) and Power and Possibility(2007),she was one of the three finalists for the 2006Pulitzer Prize and recipient of the National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship,Guggenheim Fel-lowship,Jackson Prize for Poetry,two Pushcart Prizes,and so on.In November 2010,ProfessorLuo Lianggong,editor of Foreign Literature Studies,Central China Normal University,interviewedProfessor Alexander at her Yale office.Beginning with her poem-reading at President Obama'sinauguration,this interview deals with her constant sense of history and her history writing bycombining familial history with the history of her race and nation.Based on this,this interviewfurther approaches the major themes of her poetry such as race,memory,and life and death,andher feminist—instead of womanist for her—perspective in her artistic practice,which,accordingto her,witnesses the influences of some feminist voices like Rita Dove and Gwendolyn Brooks.When talking about poetic artistry,she insists that she,as a formalist,views art as political andtries to imbue the artistic form in her personal and racial expression with political meanings.As tothe development of African American literature,she believes that Langston Hughes has exerted asignificant and lasting influence on many African American poets and writers,including herself,and that the Chicago Black Renaissance should draw much scholarly attention due to its achieve-ments.She also offers some comments upon her contemporary poets such as Natasha Trethewey,Kevin Young and Terrance Hayes.%伊丽莎白.亚历山大是美国耶鲁大学美国非裔研究系主任和教授,著有《霍屯督的维纳斯》、《美国高度》、《向往光辉》等 7 部诗集和

  20. in Beirut City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. El Khoury

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of nutritional supplements among exercisers in gyms has been never investigated in the Middle East. The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence intake of nutritional supplements and the potential influencing factors among people exercising in gyms in Beirut city. In this cross-sectional study, 512 exercisers, aged between 20 and 50 years, were randomly selected from gyms. The intake of nutritional supplements was reported among 36.3% (95% confidence interval 32.2–40.5 of participants, with a weak presence of medical supervision. Patterns of supplement use differed by gender and age. Men and younger exercisers were found to focus on supplements associated with performance enhancement and muscle building, while women and older exercisers were more concerned with health-promoting products such as vitamins, minerals, and herbal supplements. An appropriate dissemination of accurate and scientifically sound information regarding the benefits and side effects of nutritional supplements is highly recommended in the sports environment in Beirut city.

  1. Assessment of drugs purchased in the public health network of the cities in the Ourinhos micro-region, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Obreli Neto, Paulo R.; Nambu, Maurício M.; Cuman, Roberto K. N.

    2011-01-01

    This study aims to evaluate the criteria and procedures for the selection of antidiabetic and antihypertensive drugs purchased by the public health network of the cities in the Ourinhos Micro-region, Sao Paulo, Brazil. A cross-sectional, multi-center, exploratory, quantitative study was developed in the 12 cities that constitute the Ourinhos Micro-region. The data obtained showed that cities standardize and purchase a large number and diverse range of pharmaceutical specialties, i...

  2. Tracklines of swath bathymetry collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center offshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010 (2010-003-FA_Swath_tracklines.shp, ESRI polyline shapefile)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  3. PNG formatted images of EdgeTech SB-424 seismic-reflection profiles collected by the U.S. Geological Survey -Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center offshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  4. Interpolated swath bathymetry contours collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center surrounding the nearshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010 (ei_contours_1m_dd, ESRI polyline shapefile)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  5. ei_2hm_fill - interpolated swath bathymetry collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center surrounding the nearshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010 (ESRI grd)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  6. Uninterpolated swath bathymetry collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center surrounding the nearshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010 (ei_2hm_nofill, ESRI grd)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  7. Interpolated swath bathymetry hillshaded image collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center surrounding the nearshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010 (ei_2hm_fillhs.tif, GeoTIFF)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  8. Economic viability of geriatric hip fracture centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clement, R Carter; Ahn, Jaimo; Mehta, Samir; Bernstein, Joseph

    2013-12-01

    Management of geriatric hip fractures in a protocol-driven center can improve outcomes and reduce costs. Nonetheless, this approach has not spread as broadly as the effectiveness data would imply. One possible explanation is that operating such a center is not perceived as financially worthwhile. To assess the economic viability of dedicated hip fracture centers, the authors built a financial model to estimate profit as a function of costs, reimbursement, and patient volume in 3 settings: an average US hip fracture program, a highly efficient center, and an academic hospital without a specific hip fracture program. Results were tested with sensitivity analysis. A local market analysis was conducted to assess the feasibility of supporting profitable hip fracture centers. The results demonstrate that hip fracture treatment only becomes profitable when the annual caseload exceeds approximately 72, assuming costs characteristic of a typical US hip fracture program. The threshold of profitability is 49 cases per year for high-efficiency hip fracture centers and 151 for the urban academic hospital under review. The largest determinant of profit is reimbursement, followed by costs and volume. In the authors’ home market, 168 hospitals offer hip fracture care, yet 85% fall below the 72-case threshold. Hip fracture centers can be highly profitable through low costs and, especially, high revenues. However, most hospitals likely lose money by offering hip fracture care due to inadequate volume. Thus, both large and small facilities would benefit financially from the consolidation of hip fracture care at dedicated hip fracture centers. Typical US cities have adequate volume to support several such centers.

  9. 宁夏回族自治区吴忠市高闸中心卫生院基本情况现状调查%A Survey on Current Situation of Gaozha Central Township Health Center in Wuzhong City of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓妍; 李冬晴; 刘亚民; 王宏; 连淑珍; 连淑红; 吴红娟; 沈建通; 李幼平; 李鸿浩; 方锐; 易敬林; 韩金祥; 周小军; 李胜

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate current situation of medical service and management in Gaozha Central Township Health Center (GzC), so as to provide baseline data for township health centers in both key techniques research and product development of drugs allocation and delivery. Methods A questionnaire combined with a special interview was carried out, which included the general information, human resources, medical service and management, and the practice of essential medicine list. Results a) The hardware condition of GzC was not good enough, and the economic status of the service recipients was lower than the average level of both Wuzhong City and China mainland; b) The constituent ratio of general practitioner (GP) and nurse, and GP and laboratorian were all lower than those of national level, while, the constituent ratio of GP and technician was a little bit higher. GzC was in short of medical technical personnel and, especially, the professional pharmacists. The logistics technical workers were as the same proportion as the nurses. The medical technical personnel without professional education background accounted for 3.4%, and about 38% of the staff members had no college degree, about 86.2% had at most primary profession tities. There was no personnel turnover of GzC in recently years; c)The bed utilization ratio was lower than national level (46.4% vs. 60.7%), while the average duration of stay and the in-patient and out-patient service workload of GP were longer or heavier than national level (8 vs. 4.8, 9 vs. 8.3, 4 vs. 1.3); d) The outpatient service in 2010 decreased 26.9% compared to 2009; and the in-patient service in 2010 decreased 42.4%; e) The average medical expense per outpatient and per inpatient increased 127.3% and 56.2%, respectively in 2010 compared to 2009; and f)Essential medicine list was put into practice in April 1st of 2010 and there was only 195 species available in GzC, which has not met the requirements of the national

  10. Houston Community College (HCC)-Mobile Go Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, Daniel; Sterling, Cheryl; Grays, Shantay R.

    2010-01-01

    The Houston Community College Mobile Go Center brings college enrollment assistance to the doorstep of our community. It operates in a variety of settings, offering college-going material and person-to-person assistance at numerous city events. Services include assistance with academic advising, completing the FAFSA, college application process,…

  11. Luoyang Dual Spatial Criterion Ecological City Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Fazeng; Wang Shengnan

    2007-01-01

    The construction of an ecological city has two foundational platforms:the small platform,namely urban district or simply called as"city ecosystem";and the big platform,namely around city district in certain region scope or also referred to as"city-region ecosystem".The construction of an ecological city must be launched in the dual spatial criteria:in city(urban district)criterion-optimizing the city ecosystem;in city-region(city territory)criterion-optimizing the city-region ecosystem.Luoyang has the bright characteristic and the typical image within cities of China,and even in the world.The construction of anecological city in dual spatial criteria-the city and the city-region-has the vital significance to urbanization advancement and sustainable development in Luoyang.In city-region criterion,the primary mission of Luoyang's ecological city construction is to create a fine ecological environment platform in its city territory.In city criterion,the basic duty of Luoyang's ecologic city construction is to enhance the ecological capacity and benefit of the central city.

  12. Smart cities of the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batty, M.; Axhausen, K. W.; Giannotti, F.; Pozdnoukhov, A.; Bazzani, A.; Wachowicz, M.; Ouzounis, G.; Portugali, Y.

    2012-11-01

    Here we sketch the rudiments of what constitutes a smart city which we define as a city in which ICT is merged with traditional infrastructures, coordinated and integrated using new digital technologies. We first sketch our vision defining seven goals which concern: developing a new understanding of urban problems; effective and feasible ways to coordinate urban technologies; models and methods for using urban data across spatial and temporal scales; developing new technologies for communication and dissemination; developing new forms of urban governance and organisation; defining critical problems relating to cities, transport, and energy; and identifying risk, uncertainty, and hazards in the smart city. To this, we add six research challenges: to relate the infrastructure of smart cities to their operational functioning and planning through management, control and optimisation; to explore the notion of the city as a laboratory for innovation; to provide portfolios of urban simulation which inform future designs; to develop technologies that ensure equity, fairness and realise a better quality of city life; to develop technologies that ensure informed participation and create shared knowledge for democratic city governance; and to ensure greater and more effective mobility and access to opportunities for urban populations. We begin by defining the state of the art, explaining the science of smart cities. We define six scenarios based on new cities badging themselves as smart, older cities regenerating themselves as smart, the development of science parks, tech cities, and technopoles focused on high technologies, the development of urban services using contemporary ICT, the use of ICT to develop new urban intelligence functions, and the development of online and mobile forms of participation. Seven project areas are then proposed: Integrated Databases for the Smart City, Sensing, Networking and the Impact of New Social Media, Modelling Network Performance

  13. Day Care Centers

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This database contains locations of day care centers for 50 states and Washington D.C. and Puerto Rico. The dataset only includes center based day care locations...

  14. Poison Control Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1222 immediately. Name State American Association of Poison Control Centers Address AAPCC Central Office NOT A POISON ... not for emergency use. Arkansas ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center Address 1717 S. Philo Road, Suite 36 Urbana, ...

  15. New Mexico Convention Centers

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset provides an initial version of the locations of convention centers in New Mexico, in point form, with limited attributes, compiled using available data...

  16. Carbon Monoxide Information Center

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Education / Safety Education Centers En Español Carbon Monoxide Information Center The Invisible Killer Carbon monoxide, also known ... Install one and check its batteries regularly. View Information About CO Alarms Other CO Topics Safety Tips ...

  17. Hydrologic Engineering Center

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Hydrologic Engineering Center (HEC), an organization within the Institute for Water Resources, is the designated Center of Expertise for the U.S. Army Corps of...

  18. RSW Cell Centered Grids

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — New cell centered grids are generated to complement the node-centered ones uploaded. Six tarballs containing the coarse, medium, and fine mixed-element and pure...

  19. Tornadoes: A Center Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christman-Rothlein, Liz; Meinbach, Anita M.

    1981-01-01

    Information is given on how to put together a learning center. Discusses information and activity packets for a complete learning center on tornadoes including objectives, directions, materials, photographs of physical arrangements, and posttest. (DC)

  20. BKG Data Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorandt, Volkmar; Wojdziak, Reiner

    2013-01-01

    This report summarizes the activities and background information of the IVS Data Center for the year 2012. Included is information about functions, structure, technical equipment, and staff members of the BKG Data Center.