WorldWideScience

Sample records for center elizabeth city

  1. Leadership: Subject to the State Personnel Act (SPA) Employee's Perceptions of Job Satisfaction at Elizabeth City State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leary, Mary

    2010-01-01

    This evaluation was conducted at Elizabeth City State University (ECSU) in Elizabeth City, North Carolina, located approximately 40 miles south of the Virginia state line. ECSU, a historically Black institution of higher learning, was founded in 1891 and is one of 17 constituent universities in The University of North Carolina system. The…

  2. The Elizabeth Wisner Social Welfare Research Center for Families and Children at Tulane University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Katie Lauve; Buttell, Frederick

    2015-01-01

    The Elizabeth Wisner Social Welfare Center for Families and Children is a community-based research center within the School of Social Work at the Tulane University. The Wisner Center primarily supports research projects that examine the causes and consequences of intimate partner violence, promote the development of new frameworks for…

  3. Title: The Impact of 2006-2012 CReSIS Summer Research Programs that Influence Student's Choice of a STEM Related Major in College Authors: Dr. Darnell Johnson Djohnson@mail.ecsu.edu Elizabeth City State University, Elizabeth City, North Carolina 27909 Dr. Linda Hayden Haydenl@mindspring.com Elizabeth City State University, Elizabeth City, North Carolina, 27909

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, D.

    2013-12-01

    Abstract: Researchers, policymakers, business, and industry have indicated that the United States will experience a future shortage of professionals in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields. Several strategies have been suggested to address this impending shortage, one of which includes increasing the representation of females and minorities in the STEM fields. In order to increase the representation of underrepresented students in the STEM fields, it is important to understand the motivational factors that impact underrepresented students' interest in STEM academics and extracurricular programs. Research indicates that greater confidence leads to greater interest and vice versa (Denissen et al., 2007). In this paper, the mathematics research team examined the role of practical research experience during the summer for talented minority secondary students studying in STEM fields. An undergraduate research mathematics team focused on the link between summer research and the choice of an undergraduate discipline. A Chi Square Statistical Test was used to examine Likert Scale results on the attitude of students participating in the 2006-2012 Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS) Summer Research Programs for secondary students. This research was performed at Elizabeth City State University located in northeastern North Carolina about the factors that impact underrepresented students' choices of STEM related majors in college. Results can be used to inform and guide educators, administrators, and policy makers in developing programs and policy that support and encourage the STEM development of underrepresented students. Index Terms: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM), Underrepresented students

  4. Elizabeth II uus kunstigalerii

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Tähistamaks oma troonile asumise 50. aastapäeva, avab Elizabeth II 6. II 2002 Buckinghami palees uue kunstigalerii, mis ehitatakse palee tiibhoonena. Arhitekt John Simpson. Elizabeth II kunstikogust

  5. Partnership Opportunities In Earth System Science Education Between Historically Black and Historically White Universities: Elizabeth City State University and the University of New Hampshire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, J. E.; Hayden, L. B.; Wake, C. P.; Varner, R. K.; Graham, K.; Rock, B. N.; Hale, S.; Hurtt, G. C.; Porter, W.; Blackmon, R.; Bryce, J. G.; Branch, B. D.; Johnson, J. E.

    2009-12-01

    Federal efforts to promote the participation of underrepresented students in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics disciplines (STEM) in higher education have been in effect over several decades. The Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act of 1980 aimed to create equal opportunity in the STEM disciplines by promoting and broadening the participation of underrepresented talent in science and engineering. Since that time, federal agencies such as the National Science Foundation, NOAA and NASA, scientific organizations such as the American Geophysical Union, and other organizations such as the Educational Testing Service have created programs, diversity plans and cutting edge reports designed to further explicate the need to broaden the participation of underrepresented student talent in these disciplines. Despite increases in the degrees awarded to underrepresented students in the STEM disciplines, enhancing diversity in these disciplines continues to remain a significant challenge. This paper describes a strategic approach to this challenge via the development of a collaborative partnership model between two universities: the historically black Elizabeth City State University (ESCU) and the historically white University of New Hampshire (UNH). The alliance, built on a mutually-agreed upon set of partnership principles, strives to enhance opportunities for underrepresented students to pursue careers in STEM disciplines, specifically those in Earth system science and remote sensing. In examining the partnership, six promising practices that help advance its success come to the forefront. These practices include institutional commitment and faculty engagement, mutual respect and shared time commitment, identifying engaged leadership, engaging critical change agents, initiating difficult dialogues, and preparing for growth and evolution. Outcomes of the partnership to date include the successful submission and funding of four collaborative

  6. Elizabeth Hamilton: Enlightenment Educator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Rosalind

    1986-01-01

    Elizabeth Hamilton, an eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century Scottish writer on education, was one of the first to advocate the application of educational psychology to teaching. She introduced Pestalozzi's method to the English-reading public and argued for equal education for all children of both sexes and all social backgrounds. (LFL)

  7. The Albuquerque City Center Schools. Program Evaluation, 1984-85.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johns, Jennifer S.; Panofsky, Carolyn

    The Albuquerque City Center Schools (ACCS) project, begun in 1983, was designed to increase the effectiveness of 12 schools in the Albuquerque High School cluster by creating a climate of high expectations, improving academic achievement, encouraging a climate of positive discipline, promoting student, community and private sector participation,…

  8. Elizabeth II / Fagira D. Morti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fagira D. Morti, pseud., 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Järjejutt Elizabeth II elust. Järgneb nr. 80, lk. 30-33, nr. 81, lk. 30-32, nr. 82, lk. 34-36, nr. 83, lk. 34-37, nr. 84, lk. 42-45, nr. 85, lk. 36-38, 86, lk. 44-47, nr. 87, lk. 32-35. Nr. 86 ja 87 autor: Helene Wait

  9. [Third World cities: points of accumulation, centers of distribution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, W R; Mcgee, T G

    1985-01-01

    that it becomes more and more difficult for the consumption needs of regional cities and rural areas to be satisfied except through manufactured products from the capitalist sector of the principal city or through imports from industrial countries. Despite the fact that some Third World cities will be enormous by the year 2000 and that their social structures and labor forces will not closely resemble those of European cities, the thesis of "pseudourbanization" appears invalid for several reasons: the model of sectorial changes in the European labor force was not followed by the industrializing countries of North America; some Third World countries (excluding India and China) appear able to absorb most of their surplus rural population into the modern sector, and Third World cities appear less and less to be merely centers of culture. New research during the 1970s on Third World urbanization contributed several crucial elements to the analysis: recognition that insertion of developing countries into the international economic order has been a major influence on their urbanization patterns, appreciation of the role of migration in urbanization, realization of the potential role of the state in mitigating spatial and structural inequalities created by the urbanization process, and recognition of the need for more detailed microeconomic studies and construction of more elaborate models of Third World economies.

  10. Intelligence of Elizabeth in Pride and Prejudice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to give a character analysis about the heroine:Elizabeth in Jane Austen ’s novel Pride and Prejudice. In the novel, there are many references to the unusual character of Elizabeth Bennet. Independent, lovely ,bravery, and she give a profound effect in 18th century English feminist literature.Here we will analysis the intelligent of Elizabeth.

  11. Research on Elizabeth I from Feminism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方卉

    2013-01-01

      Elizabeth I, a fascinating, complex woman with immense political, social, and religious power, ruled England from 1558 to 1603.She is the initiative which stimulates the women to defeat old principles and develop themselves .Therefore, it is meaning⁃ful for feminist to analysis on what factors and reflections in the government of Elizabeth I.

  12. Elizabeths ›deutsch-englischer‹ Garten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alexander, Vera

    2013-01-01

    Dieser Aufsatz interpretiert Elizabeth von Arnims 1898 erschienenen autobiografischen Roman Elizabeth und ihr Garten als Porträt der deutsch-englischen Kulturbeziehungen der Kaiserzeit. Hierbei spielt der hybridisierte Natur- und Kulturraum des Gartens eine Schlüsselrolle, da er den politischen...

  13. Competitive service centers location in the cities with aim to reduce traffic (Case study: Health centers location in the city if Isfahan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Moradi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract   Distribution of goods and services in cities is of utmost importance. Selecting appropriate venues for different service centers in a city not only enables the citizens to access these services much more easily, but also reduces the traffic load caused by trips made to reach them. Unfortunately, the lack of a correct urban planning has led to inappropriate formation of many cities around the world in terms of the locations assumed for different service centers. Since the private sector has been given the responsibility to construct most of these centers, changing their current locations may be restricted due to legal obligations. Therefore, it seems necessary for the government to construct new service centers with high competitive facilities to attract customers and to compete with those built by the private sector. In this paper, the selection of appropriate locations to construct new service centers has been studied. Such locations have been selected in a way to fulfill goals such as rapid and easy accessibility for the customers and reduction of traffic drawbacks caused by the related trips. In this regard, a model for service centers with restricted capacity has been designed and a parallel simulated annealing algorithm has been proposed to solve it. Finally, the proposed algorithm has been utilized to locate the health centers around the city of Isfahan and its efficiency has been investigated. The findings highlight the accuracy and speed of the proposed algorithm in location of the health centers of Isfahan.

  14. Elizabeth Morton National Wildlife Refuge Information Book

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This booklet provides a biological overview of the Elizabeth Morton National Wildlife Refuge in 1969. It also presents the refuge objectives and recreational...

  15. Cities are at the center of our environmental future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saskia Sassen

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The global environmental challenge becomes tangible and urgent in cities. Thus, it is critical that we understand the capabilities of cities to transform what is today a negative environmental impact to a positive one. We must make cities part of the solution. One point of entry to this question is to view cities as a type of socio-ecological system that has an expanding range of articulations with nature's ecologies. Today, most of these articulations produce environmental damage. How can we begin to use these articulations to produce positive outcomes - outcomes that allow cities to contribute to environmental sustainability? The complex systemic and multi-scalar capacities of cities provide massive potential for a broad range of positive articulations with nature's ecologies.El desafío ambiental global se hace tangible y urgente en las ciudades. Por ende, es necesario que comprendamos cuáles son las potencialidades de las ciudades para transformar lo que hoy es un impacto ambiental negativo en uno positivo. En este sentido, la ciudad debe ser considerada como parte de la solución. Una ventana para mirar este asunto es la que considera a las ciudades como sistemas socio-ecológicos con un abanico de articulaciones con los sistemas ecológicos naturales. Hoy en día, la mayoría de estas articulaciones produce daños. ¿Cómo podemos empezar a utilizarlas para producir impactos positivos, que permitan una contribución de las ciudades a la sostenibilidad ambiental? Las potencialidades de carácter complejo y multi-escalar de las ciudades representan un potencial de gran relevancia para explorar un amplio rango de articulaciones positivas con las dinámicas ecológicas naturales.

  16. Zooroom City: An "Action" Centered Museum in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, John D.; Peltz, Stephen

    The University of Northern Colorado allowed the Department of Science Education to convert a room into a classroom museum called the Zooroom City. The classroom contains 85 stuffed or injected animals and 30 live animals. The room is used eight hours a day, six hours for college methods classes and two hours for elementary students. Questionnaire…

  17. The Power of Context: The Portrait of Dido Elizabeth Belle Lindsay and Lady Elizabeth Murray

    Science.gov (United States)

    Card, Jane

    2015-01-01

    Drawing on her wealth of experience and expertise in using visual sources in the classroom, in this article Jane Card explores how a single painting, a portrait of Dido Elizabeth Belle Lindsay and her cousin Lady Elizabeth Murray, might form the basis for a sequence of lessons. Arguing that although highly accessible, images are not…

  18. Obituary: Elizabeth Katherine Holmes, 1973-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beichman, Charles Arnold

    2004-12-01

    Elizabeth (Beth) K. Holmes died suddenly in Pasadena on March 23, 2004, from the unexpected effects of a long-standing heart condition. She was 30 years old. At the moment of her passing, she was at her computer comparing her theoretical models on the effects of planets on the distribution of zodiacal dust with some of the first observations from the Spitzer Space Telescope. Born on June 24, 1973, in New York City, Beth was the only child of James and Barbara Holmes, who were respectively, a financial manager and a nurse and social worker. Undeterred by numerous treatments and operations to correct a congenital heart condition, Beth developed an interest in math and physics leading to her graduation from MIT in 1995 with a bachelor's degree in Physics. She entered the University of Florida shortly afterwards to begin her PhD studies under the direction of Stanley Dermott. Beth was particularly interested in the dynamics of interplanetary dust, and initially worked on secular perturbations of the zodiacal cloud: how the planets impose warping of the cloud, and how they can force the center of the cloud to be offset from the Sun. Despite the fact that Beth was primarily a theorist, she was keen to include some observing experience in her PhD education. She recently completed an observing program with Harold Butner at the Steward and Palomar Observatories looking for submillimeter and mid-infrared emission around nearby main-sequence stars - a signpost of planetary formation. The results were published last year in the Astronomical Journal. Beth's PhD thesis work, some results of which were recently published in the Astrophysical Journal, focused on dust originating in the Kuiper belt and how some of this dust is expected to be spatially structured due to resonant interactions with Neptune. This phenomenon may be quite common in other planetary systems, with recent images of Epsilon Eridani perhaps providing a prime example of a Kuiper disk analog. After graduating

  19. Between morphology and function: How syntactic centers of the Beijing city are defined

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Yang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The application of big data provides a new angle of view on investigating whether, and if so, how to define the urban center through analyzing urban spatial morphology intrinsically interacts with its functions. This article, using empirical research of the Beijing city, first seeking to explore spatial configuration-the complex relation between any pair of individual spaces regarding other contextual spaces – of urban network collected from Baidu. And then, focusing on conducting a statistical correlation between the configurational patterns of urban network and the aggregation patterns of functions. Based on the different patterns of aggregation or dispersion of those functions we discussed, as well as the multi-scale syntactic location choice underlying those patterns, it then can be identified four types of centers in the Beijing city, which may be called active center, ordinary center, brand centers and specified center, as well as the extent to which spatial layout influences functional distribution.

  20. A demand-centered, hybrid life-cycle methodology for city-scale greenhouse gas inventories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramaswami, Anu; Hillman, Tim; Janson, Bruce; Reiner, Mark; Thomas, Gregg

    2008-09-01

    Greenhouse gas (GHG) accounting for individual cities is confounded by spatial scale and boundary effects that impact the allocation of regional material and energy flows. This paper develops a demand-centered, hybrid life-cycle-based methodology for conducting city-scale GHG inventories that incorporates (1) spatial allocation of surface and airline travel across colocated cities in larger metropolitan regions, and, (2) life-cycle assessment (LCA) to quantify the embodied energy of key urban materials--food, water, fuel, and concrete. The hybrid methodology enables cities to separately report the GHG impact associated with direct end-use of energy by cities (consistent with EPA and IPCC methods), as well as the impact of extra-boundary activities such as air travel and production of key urban materials (consistent with Scope 3 protocols recommended by the World Resources Institute). Application of this hybrid methodology to Denver, Colorado, yielded a more holistic GHG inventory that approaches a GHG footprint computation, with consistency of inclusions across spatial scale as well as convergence of city-scale per capita GHG emissions (approximately 25 mt CO2e/person/year) with state and national data. The method is shown to have significant policy impacts, and also demonstrates the utility of benchmarks in understanding energy use in various city sectors.

  1. The rehabilitation of housings in traditional centers of intermediate cities of Sancti Spiritus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Camilo Valdivia Cruz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The intermediate cities play an intermediation role between the big urban areas and the wide rural areas; of those that are influence center. Their potentiating can take to more balanced and more sustainable territorial developments; for reasons of their own scale to develop viable projects regarding the big cities. However they should solve many derived problems of their inattention in aspects like: the strategic planning, the physical and urbanistic planning and the solution of the difficulties of the housing and the habitat. In Sancti Spiritus the traditional centers of the cities of medium scale, present a high physical deterioration of their residence bottom at the moment; process that has been increased progressively with the step of the years. The loss of constructions, of values, of lodging capacity, of the local potentialities and the lack of programs toward those cities attempts against the physical preservation of those urban centers. To order a politic toward the recovery of their values of identity and their lodging capacities with integrality approaches, progressivity and sustainability is framed as possible solutions to the problem that present those places, inside the priorities of the constructive programs of the country.

  2. Urban-Architectural vision of aesthetic paradigm and commerce, Historic Center, Mexico-City.

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    Maria Guadalupe Valiñas

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to show a current perspective Historic center of Mexico City and its problematic is that excessive trade in this space harms the urban architectural heritage and then the aesthetics of it is hampered by his use trade in. The problem is to investigate this space to analyze how antagonistically articulates the relationship between trade and aesthetics in it. This place is the center of the city and the country, it is saturated with trade in its various forms, from commercial plazas, passages, markets, up to the street vendors, these elements in their relationship affect the damage of the Historic Center the Mexico City and contribute to the deterioration of the urban architectural aesthetics of the space. The main contributions of this work reflect the different adverse effects from trade to the detriment of the aesthetic aspect, which should be evaluated as depopulation, converting housing in warehouses, upholstering informal trade public space and damage to the landmarks in the area. The usefulness of the project is growing in relation to the direction they should take public policies to preserve that heritage for the sake of seeking environmental, social and economic welfare equitably strengthen the aesthetic appearance, which itself should be one of the main features of historical center given the cultural and historical significance of the site.

  3. Cost-income analysis of oral health units of health care centers in Yazd city

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    Hosein Fallahzadeh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Increasing demands for health care's services on one hand and limited resources on the other hand brings about pressure over governments to find out a mechanism for fair and appropriate distribution of resources. Economic analysis is one of the appropriate tools for policy making on this priority. The aim of this study was to assess capital and consumption of oral health units of health care centers in Yazd city and comparing it with revenue of these centers and determining of cost effectiveness.Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross sectional study, all health care centers of Yazd city with active dentistry department were evaluated. The data has been extracted from current documents in health care center of county based issued receipts and daily information registers.Results: Expended cost for providing of oral hygiene services in second half of 2008 in 13 medical health centers of Yazd included active dentistry section was 557.887.500 Rials and revenue to cost ratio was about 34%. The most provided service was related to tooth extraction and the average of tooth restoration in each working day was 0.48.Conclusion: With attention to low tariffs of dentistry services in medical health centers and paying subsidy to target groups, expenses of oral hygiene are always more than its revenue.

  4. Various consequences regarding hypothetical dispersion of airborne radioactivity in a city center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonsson, Lage; Plamboeck, Agneta H; Johansson, Erik; Waldenvik, Mattias

    2013-02-01

    In case of dispersion of airborne radioactive material in a city center a number of questions will prompt for an answer. While many questions can get their answers in due course of time based on results of tests and sampling, a good understanding of the quantitative effect of dispersion will be very helpful to rescue staff, in particular in the early stage. In the following dose and dose rate estimates are presented for three scenarios including dispersion of radioactivity in a city center. In one case the activity is released in an open place, in another from a roof and in the third case from a source on a street where the wind is blowing along the street. In each case, at specific positions, estimates are made of dose from inhalation, and dose rates for contamination on skin as well as from radioactive particles deposited onto ground, walls and roofs (external exposure) in the city center. It should be noted that the deposition pattern in urban areas varies greatly which means that the consequences are difficult to predict. The dispersion is influenced by recirculation behind tall buildings and diverted flow close to street-ends, which have significant effects on the deposit pattern. Regarding the relative importance of contributions to total dose it is found that inhalation could play a major role for long term effects while dose to skin might dominate acute effects.

  5. City-ecological perspectives of the development of high urbanized multifunctional centers of the largest Russian cities

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    Kolesnikov Sergey Anatol’evich

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents some results of the author’s dissertation research dedicated to formation of an architectural typology of high urbanized multifunctional units of urban structure of the largest cities (further HUMUUS as centers of social activity, which include buildings, constructions, transportation equipment and open spaces, where human flows transpose, start and end with the purpose of bringing into this space a concentrated maximum of goods, services and information with minimum time expenditures. This article draws attention to the development analysis of the structure-forming functions of HUMUUS and their town planning and environmental impact on the surrounding area. The study of planning structures of the largest Russian cities (Samara, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod made it possible to identify a number of main objects, in which structure-forming functions of HUMUUS are materialized: railroad complex (historically formed, developed, dominated, system-wide road junction, transport interchange hub (providing intraurban messages, public office and business centers, leisure and entertainment centers, shopping centers. Basing on researches of Russian and foreign experience, it is possible to predict with full confidence the following trends and streams of environmental and urban development of HUMUUS in the near-term perspective: Strengthening of the environmental and urban frame by network evolution of HUMUUS; Inclusion of green areas of HUMUUS in the system of citywide green areas; Increment of the interest of the investors to the public road junction for the purpose of reorganization of them to full HUMUUS with all characteristics of high-urbanized and environmental and urban reorganization (separation of traffic and pedestrian flows, maximum capacity, multiple-level system, multifunctional, increase in landscaped green space, reconstruction of engineering systems and communications, the use of modern ecological building designs and

  6. Pedestrian Planning in City Centers: a Study of Guimarães and Braga

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    Khan Rubayet Rahaman

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available People are walking in cities for different reasons. Some walkers walk for going to work, some are walking for shopping and some are for leisure during day and night hours. Medium sized cities like Braga and Guimarães in Portugal are depending on car for even shorter trips up to 2 kilometers. However, the walkways are allowing people to walk in convenient and safe way including late night environment. The pedestrians feel troublesome to walk on the footpaths because of illegal parking and discontinuation of walkways. Municipality transport plans and master plans do not incorporate pedestrians as a major component. But this egress mode of transportation is very important in medium sized city centers like Guimarães and Braga for the people to enjoy city centers’ activities. This paper focuses on the types of walkers who use the walkways on a regular basis. Usually, people are feeling comfortable to walk when they go to clubs and bars in a group in these small cities especially after work. This paper again tries to focus the varieties of problems on walkways and to present policies that can improve the situation. Municipal master plan and transportation plan have been studied carefully to see the provisions of pedestrian planning options. Field surveys have been conducted both in form of questionnaire and observation during the end of 2009 and results show different patterns of pedestrian behavior as well as evidence that people get different experiences with problems while walking on the walkways in both surveyed towns. Considering the issues of sustainable mobility, this paper also tries to suggest policies to motivate more people to walk especially in the medium-sized cities of Portugal.

  7. A Method for Determination of Resource Potantial of Cankırı Historical City Center

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    E. Erdogan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The scope of this research, within the frame of Cankırı’s urban site area case, is to highlight the importance of urban landscape design in conservation of historical city centers in order to assure cultural continuity and their integration with modern living conditions to ensure their proper transfer to future generations as livable spaces. On the above mentioned extend, conservation of historical places, urban landscape design and development process of city centers in terms of space and history were touched upon. Besides, according to the findings obtained from preliminary works and analyses carried out in the research field, proposals were pronounced to maintain the sustainability of natural and cultural values in Cankırı’s urban site area. Additionally, existent maps covering the urban site under question were digitalized and computerized and by this way spatial data and attribute data were linked together and arranged in order to build up a reference data base for both city of Cankırı and similar studies.

  8. 38 CFR 3.851 - St. Elizabeths Hospital, Washington, DC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false St. Elizabeths Hospital, Washington, DC. 3.851 Section 3.851 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS... Institutional Awards § 3.851 St. Elizabeths Hospital, Washington, DC. Benefits due or becoming due any...

  9. Gender Differences in Pedestrian Perception and Satisfaction on the Walkability of Kuala Lumpur City Center

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    Arshad Ahmad Kamil

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The quality of built environment usually influences the walkability of a city. This is because each pedestrian walk differently on different type of facilities or built environment provided to them. This paper aims to investigate whether gender differences influences the pedestrian perception and satisfaction level at three sidewalks located within the Kuala Lumpur City Center by means of questionnaire survey. A total of 317 pedestrians were involved in the questionnaire survey at the three different sidewalk locations. The result shows significant differences in mean satisfaction value between male and female pedestrians. Female pedestrian give lower satisfaction value for overall travel experience at Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman but higher satisfaction value at Petaling Street and Bukit Bintang compared to male pedestrian. Overall, the satisfaction level was rated between acceptable to satisfactory regardless of gender differences. Improvements should be made for the safety parameter because both male and female pedestrian gives lowest satisfaction level in that area.

  10. Detecting Postpartum Depression in Referents to Medical and Health Centers in Hamadan City

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    F. Shobeiri

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Pregnancy and childbirth are significant developmental excitable for most women. Physical, intrapersonal and relational adaptations are needed to adjust successfully to pregnancy and delivery. Postpartum depression is a serious psychiatric disorder and the adverse impact on infants has been noted. The purpose of this study was to detect postpartum depression in referents to medical and health centers in Hamadan city.Materials & Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study involving 400 women completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI within 2-8 weeks of delivery was conducted in urban health centers in Hamadan city, Iran. Data were collected through interviews with women in the clinics in the health centers. Data processing and statistical analysis were performed using SPSS 10.0.Results: The results revealed that majority of women (68.0% were considered normal. Depression was detected in 32.0% of women. Out of these 19.0, 4.0 and 9.0% were mild, moderate and severe depression, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between postpartum depression and age, number of delivery, education, job and husband's job (P=0.000.Conclusion: Nearly 32.0% of selected women had depression. Therefore, it is important for medical personnel to be well versed in the course and treatment of postpartum depression. Post partum depression should be screened and treated as early as possible for several reasons. It can cause significant suffering for the woman who experiences it, and it can have deleterious consequences for the newborn.

  11. Tourist valorization of the old city center of Novi Sad according to the Hillary Du Cros model

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    Romelić Jovan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Cities are ambiental, but also complex cultural tourist motifs. Different elements are combined in them, such as: attractiveness of architecture modern accomplishments, centers of cultural, artistic and sports life etc. Old city centers play an important role in cultural, tourist movements and they are unavoidable when visiting a city. They are complement ambiental motifs, extremely important as elements of attractiveness and complex motifs and therefore in the policy of tourist development they should be given special attention. Example tourist valorization of the old city center of Novi Sad has been conducted according to the Hillary du Cros model, i.e. the applicability of the market appeal/robusticity matrix on cultural tourism development has been estimated.

  12. An integrated model for inner-city health-care delivery: the Deaconess Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, D M

    1998-01-01

    Under the auspices of the Buffalo General Hospital and the faculty of medicine of the State University of New York at Buffalo, a comprehensive delivery system for primary care has been established in a local inner-city neighborhood. At the Deaconess Family Medicine Center, located within an inner-city location of Buffalo, New York, several divisions have been integrated to provide comprehensive patient-oriented primary care. These divisions include a primary care clinic, an urgent care clinic, a substance abuse clinic, and a community pediatrics clinic. Professional services are provided by attending physicians and residents. The horizontal integration of these four divisions is in turn vertically integrated with the tertiary care teaching hospital inpatient and obstetrical services, providing a continuum of patient care. The horizontal integration serves as an entry point for patients to enter the hospital's health-care system, while the vertical integration capability serves to capture any specialized referrals or inpatient needs. This article discusses the structure of the center, with special reference to service integration, service delivery, and patient capture; medical education; and the place of integrated units in the strategic plan of a tertiary care hospital.

  13. Self-Centering Seismic Lateral Force Resisting Systems: High Performance Structures for the City of Tomorrow

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    Nathan Brent Chancellor

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Structures designed in accordance with even the most modern buildings codes are expected to sustain damage during a severe earthquake; however; these structures are expected to protect the lives of the occupants. Damage to the structure can require expensive repairs; significant business downtime; and in some cases building demolition. If damage occurs to many structures within a city or region; the regional and national economy may be severely disrupted. To address these shortcomings with current seismic lateral force resisting systems and to work towards more resilient; sustainable cities; a new class of seismic lateral force resisting systems that sustains little or no damage under severe earthquakes has been developed. These new seismic lateral force resisting systems reduce or prevent structural damage to nonreplaceable structural elements by softening the structural response elastically through gap opening mechanisms. To dissipate seismic energy; friction elements or replaceable yielding energy dissipation elements are also included. Post-tensioning is often used as a part of these systems to return the structure to a plumb; upright position (self-center after the earthquake has passed. This paper summarizes the state-of-the art for self-centering seismic lateral force resisting systems and outlines current research challenges for these systems.

  14. Georadar Archaeological Prospection at the Historical Center of the Merida City, Yucatan, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barba, L.; Ortiz, A.; Blancas, J.; Ligorred, J.

    2007-05-01

    This paper shows the results of the georadar archaeological prospection carried out by the Laboratorio de Prospección Arqueologica from the Instituto de Investigaciones Antropologicas (IIA) of the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM) verifing the archaeological and historical information recovered by the Departamento de Patrimonio Arqueologico y Natural del Municipio (DPANM) del Ayuntamiento de Merida en el Centro Histerico de la Ciudad de Merida under a joint project. The Historical Center of Merida has been classified as a "zone of high patrimonial value" after the topographic data and the historical documents recovered showed a long-term occupation, non interrupted since pre-Columbian times, when T Ho was the great capital of the northern region of the Maya area. For the rehabilitation program of the Historical Center of Merida has been a great priority to verify the existence of archaeological remains, pre-Columbian or colonial, under the present streets, gardens and plazas that could be damaged during the public infrastructure works. In order to prevent any damage to the patrimony a large georadar study was carried out pulling 200 and 400 MHz antennas of the GSSI SIR System 2 for 16500 m of the city streets, focusing in the areas where infrastructure works were imminent. After the analysis of the radar data it was possible to build up a map with the location of the most noticeable archaeological remains under the pavement of the streets that confirmed many of the topographic and documental proposed places. As a final result, by the first time a city government has available information to take present urban decisions, while preventing the damage to the archaeological patrimony of the same city.

  15. Noise Pollution Evaluation of City Center of Zanjan by Geographic Information System (GIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F Majidi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: The aim of  noise control in a community is to improve its management in the community, because the traffic noise can affect neighboring residential areas. Well-planned noise management can eliminate this major and harmful component issue, which is one of the stresses of urban life on human health. However, before planning to decrease urban noise, it is necessary to determine the very noisy areas in a given city. Therefore, the objective of this study was to measure the main noise indices at the noisy areas of Zanjan City, Iran. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in the central area of Zanjan City, with heavy traffic. For this purpose, the equivalent sound level (Leq, the day-night sound level (Ldn, the day-evening-night sound level (Lden, the noise pollution level (NP and the traffic noise index (TNI were measured in 19 stations in the first half (winter and spring of 2012. The measurements were conducted in the main streets of this area as recommended by EPA guidelines and finally the results obtained were mapped using the ArcGIS (Ver. 10.2 software.  Results: the noise maps in GIS showed clearly the variations of Leq, Ldn, and Lden indices in the study field area. Moreover, it was found that the hourly variations of Leq, Ldn and Lden in stations are completely function of population movements and therefore traffic loads in the Zanjan city center. In addition, the extent of violation of traffic noise level from the ambient noise standard was estimated by Lden at 100% stations (greater than 55 dB. The TNI values at 67  and 100% stations  were more than 74 dB (A, but  in the evenings the TNI values at  100% of stations  were more than 74 dB (A. The NP values at 78% sampling stations were more than 80 dB  implying  traffic noise was annoying in the most stations and times. Conclusion: Using noise maps, NP and TNI indices can help intelligent traffic control planning, because the noise maps can be

  16. InterClone hotell / Elizabeth Diller, Ricardo Scofidio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Diller, Elizabeth

    2002-01-01

    Reklaamikampaania fiktiivsele hotelliketile. Algne installatsioon Attatürki lennujaamas Istanbuli biennaalil 1997. Autorid ameerika arhitektid Elizabeth Diller ja Ricardo Scofidio (büroo Diller + Scofidio). 4 ill.

  17. The Trail Inventory of Elizabeth A. Morton NWR [Cycle 3

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all non-motorized trails on Elizabeth Alexandra Morton National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this...

  18. Soovin Eesti rahvale õnne ja edu / kuninganna Elizabeth II

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elizabeth II, 1926-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees 20. okt. lk. 17, Koit 21. okt. lk. 6, Postimees : na russkom jazõke 23. okt. lk. 7. Kuninganna Elizabeth II kõne riiklikul õhtusöögil 19. oktoobril Tallinnas Mustpeade majas

  19. Elizabeth II üle Diana ja Tony / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Stephen Frearsi mängufilm "Kuninganna" ("The Queen") : stsenarist Peter Morgan : kuninganna Elizabeth II kehastab Helen Mirren peaminister Tony Blair'i Michael Sheen: Suurbritannia - Ameerika Ühendriigid - Itaalia 2006

  20. Analysis of Inpatient Bed Allocation Equity and Utilization in the City Community Health Service Center of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许静; 吴妮娜; 金生国; 王芳; 王云霞; 刘利群; 卢祖洵

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the inpatient bed(IB) allocation equity and utilization in Chinese city community health service centers(CHSCs).The data were derived from the Baseline Survey of National City Community Health Service System Building Project,which was conducted in 1917 CHSCs in 28 cities in 2007.The IB allocation was analyzed in terms of IB allocation quantity and distribution equity,and the IB utilization was analyzed by the IB utilization rate and average length of stay of the CH...

  1. ANALYSIS OF FACTORS IMPACTING LAND USE IN TRANSFORMING ISTANBUL HISTORICAL CITY CENTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Hakan KOLCU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Istanbul historical city center is going through a provincial transformation by quick population increase, multicentered city development, developing tourism and trade feature pressures as well as selection of location for housing. Provincial transformation is briefly described as; an action plan integrating with the city and urban people, prepared to increase life quality based on strategic development plan and within the provincial development vision for the nonfunctional, old and worn provincial pieces unable to fulfill physical, social and economic development dynamics and new requirements. Objective of this study is to find out factors affecting provincial transformation that are observed in research district and positive negative effect ratios based on regression analysis. Research district Sultanahmet and surrounding area located between Divan Yolu Street and Topkapı Palace and Marmara Sea, which is considered among UNESCO Global Heritage Areas, having intensive cultural assets, transforming pursuant to tourism and trade feature pressure, preserving most of its authentic housing texture, worn out as well as observed to be a qualified housing location choice of people with high socio-economic and educational class. It is concluded that the urban transformation resulting from the dynamism in the historical, physical and socioeconomically structure of the space in the research area is weighted with the accommodation and commercial place selections, there are influences of the culture asset structure, some part of the functions being in the place selection and the positive and negative reflections of the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the focal points on the transformation which is followed on the area and also the land-plot unit price value directs the selections in part.

  2. Instituting a Smoke-Free Policy for City Recreation Centers and Playgrounds, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond Leung, JD

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background In the United States, more than 600 municipalities have smoke-free parks, and more than 100 have smoke-free beaches. Nevertheless, adoption of outdoor smoke-free policies has been slow in certain regions. Critical to widespread adoption is the sharing of knowledge about the policy development and implementation process. In this article, we describe our experience in making City of Philadelphia recreation centers and playgrounds smoke-free. Community Context Of the 10 largest US cities, Philadelphia has among the highest rates of adult and youth smoking. Our objectives for an outdoor smoke-free policy included protecting against secondhand smoke, supporting a normative message that smoking is harmful, motivating smokers to quit, and mitigating tobacco-related sanitation costs. Methods The Philadelphia Department of Public Health and the Department of Parks and Recreation engaged civic leaders, agency staff, and community stakeholders in the following steps: 1 making the policy case, 2 vetting policy options and engaging stakeholders, and 3 implementing policy. Near-term policy impacts were assessed through available data sources. Outcome More than 220 recreation centers, playgrounds, and outdoor pools became smoke-free through a combined mayoral executive order and agency regulation. Support for the policy was high. Estimates suggest a policy reach of 3.6 million annual visitors and almost 850 acres of new smoke-free municipal property. Interpretation Localities can successfully implement outdoor smoke-free policies with careful planning and execution. Such policies hold great potential for reducing exposure to secondhand smoke, promoting nonsmoking norms, and providing additional motivation for residents to quit smoking.

  3. Evaluation of Cold Chain Practices in Urban Health Centers of a Metro City in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalitha Krishnappa, Arvind B Anniappan, Narayana H Voderhobli, Shantha Kumar Krishna, Sudarshana Yathiraj, Pruthvish Sreekantaiah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: National Family Health Survey report (NFHS-3 reports revealed that immunization coverage in India among children between 12-23 months was low at 43.5%. In lieu of strengthening Routine Immu-nization (RI, Government of Karnataka undertook state-wide training of Medical officers and Health workers on RI with concurrent efforts of strengthening cold chain system in health centers. With this background, this study was undertaken to assess the cold chain practices in urban health centers of Bangalore city. Methodology: This Cross-sectional study was conducted during Octo-ber-December 2008 in three-zones of Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BBMP covering 35 units. Physical verification of the available cold chain equipments was done using predesigned pretested checklist and face to face interview of cold chain handlers was employed. Results: Of 35 centers, 33(94% and 32(91% of them had atleast one functional Ice-lined refrigerator(ILR and one deep freezer(DF respectively. Good storage code practice was practiced in 12 out of 33 ILRs. Functional thermometer was available in 31(91% ILRs of which 23(74% had temperature in the recommend range. With respect to knowledge of cold chain handlers on RI, 86% were trained on RI and their overall knowledge regarding cold chain practices was satisfactory except for knowledge on temperature in DF and on conditioning of ice-packs. Conclusion: Availability of cold chain equipments has improved and Cold storage practice was good/fair in most of the centers. Knowledge of cold chain handlers was low with respect to select cold chain practices.

  4. Elizabeth Bishop and the Poetry of Meditation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Matthew Wilson

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Elizabeth Bishop’s poetry has won the admiration of a number of Christian poets and scholars. This essay argues that one reason for this is Bishop’s subtle engagement with the work of the poet-divines Gerard Manley Hopkins and, especially, George Herbert; through their influence, she enters into the guiding western poetic tradition of the meditative lyric, which is rooted in the Platonic and Christian accounts of the human person as an image of the Triune God in virtue of the mind as a trinity of memory, understanding, and will. Bishop practiced poetry as a moral act open to a divinity it cannot account for or even name, but traces of whose significance run through the world her poems depict. By considering her work, and her poem “The Weed” in particular, in the context of Herbert, the historical studies of Louis L. Martz, and the literary theory of Yvor Winters, we see that Bishop the unbeliever cannot properly be understood as a “secular” poet, but as one who recognizes the meditative lyric as a way of arriving at understanding of a truth that transcends us.

  5. Analysis of public perception about impaired odor in center fishery processing industry Tegalsari Tegal city

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wibowo, Tri Setyo; Purwanto, P.; Yulianto, Bambang

    2017-03-01

    The Coastal Fishing Port (CFP) Tegalsari is one of the largest center of the fishery industries in Central Java Indonesia. In addition to producing fish-based products such as fish fillets, salted fish and fish meal are distributed to most major cities in Indonesia, but also generate waste and wastewater which potentially disrupt the environment. The purpose of this study describe the perception of the public about the negative impact of the activities in center fishery processing industry. The research method uses qualitative research design with the population living around the center of the fishing industry, with samples taken by purposive sampling numbered 30 people and 3 location sample to know concentration of ammoniac and hydrogen Sulfide. Data research in 2016 was processed using statistical methods. The results of research showed very significant, 80% of respondents who said the fishing activities causing nuisance odor. The remaining 20% stated that the odor nuisance almost imperceptibly. The nuisance of odor are perceived by 53% of respondents for a full day. There are 70% of respondents living around the center of the fishing industry who lived more than seven years, and the remaining 30% of respondents who lived less than 7 years. Conclusion respondent who live more than seven years and said there was no odor nuisance around 57%, are more than 50% of the respondents. The odor of the most influential parameter on the fishing industry is an element of ammoniac (NH3) instead of Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S), because the value at these three locations for Hydrogen Sulfide measurement results show the same number that is equal to 0.001 g/m3. While ammoniac levels at most locations smelled according to perceptions of examiners showed the highest scores, while the zone that did not feel the smell indicates a low value, the test results showed a clear level of distinction. So the need to manage the environment at the center of the fishing industry with a approach of

  6. Determinants of adult vaccination at inner-city health centers: A descriptive study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymund Mahlon

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination rates among adults 65 years and older or less than 65 years with high risk medical conditions are still below Healthy People 2010 recommended levels of 90%. This study was designed to: 1 assess self-reported pneumococcal vaccination rates following health center level interventions to increase adult vaccination rates; and 2 determine factors associated with vaccination. Methods Tailored interventions to increase immunizations were implemented at two inner-city health centers. We surveyed 375 patients 50 years of age and older. Multivariate logistic regression examines the predictors of 1 self-reported pneumococcal vaccination and 2 combined self-reported influenza and pneumococcal vaccination. Both of these models were stratified by age group (50–64 years and 65 years and older. Results Pneumococcal vaccination rates were 45% by self-report, 55% by medical record review, 69% for patients 65 years old and older, 32% for patients 50–64 years; they did not differ by race. Receipt of the previous season's influenza vaccine was significantly related to pneumococcal vaccination among both younger and older patients. Receiving both the pneumococcal vaccine and the most recent influenza vaccine compared with receiving neither, among younger patients was related to unemployment, more frequent physician visits, and belief that those who do not receive the flu shot are more susceptible to the flu. For older patients, receipt of both vaccines was related to nonsmoking status, believing that friends/family think the patient should be vaccinated, seeing posters advertising flu shot clinics, and belief that those who do not receive the flu shot are more susceptible to the flu. Conclusion Our findings suggest that improving overall pneumococcal vaccination rates among eligible adults, has the potential to eliminate racial disparities. Interventions delivering vaccination messages specific to older

  7. The Evaluation of Bacterial Contamination of Active Radiography Apparatus in Dental Centers of Hamadan City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Eskandarloo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: During the most dental procedures, contamination of devices with blood, saliva and other body fluids, which is the most important factor for transmission of infectious diseases, is inevitable. Therefore principles of infection control should be carefully considered in the dentistry. The purpose of this study was the evaluation of bacterial contamination of active radiographic apparatus in dental centers of Hamadan city in year 2003. Materials & Methods : In this cross-sectional study 37 radiographic apparatus in dental centers of Hamadan were evaluated. Samples were collected from four area (25 cm2 each that are frequently touched by dentists, personnel, etc. using a swab. The swab was inserted into the carrier media containing thioglycolate, a smear was obtained from the solution and remaining solution was cultured in blood agar. Smear and blood agar cultures were transferred to microbiology lab to determine bacterial contamination level as well as bacterial typing. According to WHO criteria the area which has more than 10 microorganism/cm2 is considered as contaminated. Results: It was found that 13 of radiographic apparatus(35% were contaminated, the most frequent bacterial type detected in this study was micrococcus (75.7% and the least were enterobacter and nocardia (2.7% each. Antiseptic materials used for decontamination of the devices were as follow : Alcohol (43.2% , Deconex (32.4% , Micro10 (18.9% , Savlon (10.8% , Hypochlorid (5.4% , Glutaraldehyde (2.7%. Conclusion: Based on the results (35% bacterial contamination it can be concluded that careful performance of infection control principles, daily decontamination of devices and offering periodic instructions for dental personnel are essential.

  8. Seismic waves generated by aircraft impacts and building collapses at World Trade Center, New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Won-Young; Sykes, L. R.; Armitage, J. H.; Xie, J. K.; Jacob, K. H.; Richards, P. G.; West, M.; Waldhauser, F.; Armbruster, J.; Seeber, L.; Du, W. X.; Lerner-Lam, A.

    Seismologists sometimes do their work of data acquisition and analysis against a tragic background. Usually, the context is fieldwork far from home, in an area subjected to the natural but sometimes devastating effects of an earthquake. But in the present case, we are in our own New York City area; that is, the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, in Palisades, N.Y; and the context is inhuman actions against people and the fabric of our society.As the appalling events of September 11 unfolded, we found that we had recorded numerous seismic signals from two plane impacts and building collapses of the two World Trade Center (WTC) towers, often at times different than those being reported elsewhere. Collapses of the two WTC towers generated large seismic waves, observed in five states and up to 428 km away The north tower collapse was the largest seismic source and had local magnitude ML 2.3. From this, we infer that ground shaking of the WTC towers was not a major contributor to the collapse or damage to surrounding buildings. But unfortunately, we also conclude that from the distance at which our own detections were made (the nearest station is 34 km away at Palisades) it is not possible to infer (with detail sufficient to meet the demands of civil engineers in an emergency situation) just what the near-in ground motions must have been.

  9. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers,...

  10. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers, Pool...

  11. Prevalence of intestinal parasites in referred individuals to the medical centers of Tonekabon city, Mazandaran province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahdoust, Samira; Niyyati, Maryam; Haghighi, Ali; Azargashb, Eznoallah; Khataminejad, Mohammad Reza

    2016-01-01

    Aim: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and their relation with socio-demographic data in referred individuals to the medical centers in Tonekabon, Mazandaran province, 2015. Background: Due to the climatic and ecological conditions in Mazandaran province, determination of the status of intestinal parasites among referred individuals to the medical centers of Tonekabon city can help researchers and healthcare services to prevent and/or control of parasitic infection in this region. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted with randomized sampling in 2015 on 820 stool samples. Stool samples were assessed using direct slide smear with saline and Lugol, formalin-ether concentration, Ziehl-Neelsen and trichrome staining. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) using specific primers was conducted for the samples suspected for Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar and Cryptosporidium spp. One Cryptosporidium positive sample in this study was submitted for sequencing. Results: A total of 444 (54.1%) and 376 (45.9%) were male and female, respectively. Furthermore, 495 (60.4%) and 325 (39.6%) of participants had lived in the urban and rural areas, respectively. Overall, 222 participants (27.1%) were infected with at least one intestinal parasites. Prevalence of pathogenic protozoa (Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium spp.) and helminthes parasites was calculated as 3.1 and 1.2%, respectively. The most common intestinal parasites in this area were: Blastocystis 153 (18.7%), Endolymax nana 44 (5.4%), Entamoeba coli 40 (4.9%), Giardia lamblia 25 (3%), Iodamoeba butschlii 22 (2.7%), Ascaris 5 (0.6%), Enterobius vermicularis 4 (0.5%), Trichostrongylus 1 (0.1%) and Cryptosporidium 1 (0.1%). By sequencing of the positive Cryptosporidium isolate using Gp60 gene, Cryptosporidium parvum subtype ΠaA16G2R1 was diagnosed. Conclusion: Protozoa were more abundant than helminthes and Giardia lamblia was the most common protozoan pathogen. In

  12. Prelude to Seneca Falls: An Analysis of Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Joseph E.

    1995-01-01

    This biographical essay focuses on Elizabeth Cady Stanton's strict religious upbringing and her conversion to a more rationalist ethic. Discusses Stanton's involvement in the abolitionist movement and draws parallels between the ideals of Jacksonian democracy and the early suffragette movement. (MJP)

  13. "Adam of the Road" by Elizabeth Janet Gray. Literature Unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Mari Lu

    Intended as an aid to classroom teachers, this 48-page handbook presents a literature unit based on the children's book, "Adam of the Road" by Elizabeth Janet Gray. It begins with sample lesson plans, pre-reading activities, author information, a book summary, and vocabulary lists and suggested vocabulary activities. Next, chapters of "Adam of the…

  14. Climate Prediction Center(CPC)Monthly U.S. Selected Cities Temperature Summary

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Monthly U.S. reported temperature summaries in degrees Fahrenheit generated from the GTS metar(hourly) and synoptic(6-hourly)observations for selected cities based...

  15. Rapidkl Bus Service in City Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: An Epitome of Good Service?

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Aziz Abdullah; Rohaya Mat Talip

    2013-01-01

    Public transportation in Kuala Lumpur (the capital city of Malaysia) serves the daily commuting needs of all strata of society. To meet the ever increasing needs of reliable public transport in and around the capital city, the Rangkaian Pengangkutan Integrasi Deras Sdn Bhd (RapidKL) has been established. Notwithstanding the effort by the company to provide the best public service, it seems there are more brickbats than bouquet of flowers given at the level of service rendered. Gamut of compla...

  16. Locating of Rural Health Centers Equipped with Telehealth using GIS: A Case Study on Khorramabad City, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safdari Reza

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Residents of the rural and remote area always having limitations on accessing properly required service providers. In such condition, the establishment of rural health centers equipped with telehealth, and also the use of GIS for optimal site selection to the centers, would play an important role in facilitating the achievement of quality health services in desired time factor. This study intended to find the optimal sites for building the Rural Health Centers Equipped with remote health facilities in, Khorramabad City, using GIS. During the pilot study, we identified few effective locating criteria and sub-criteria for rural health centers equipped with telehealth, the priorities was also determined in that descriptive study. Further, we prepared a special layer for each criterion on the site selection, and by integrating such layers based on specified rules and patterns, about the spatial analysis , (like distance and density analysis were done. For such methods, we used Arc Map, Arc Catalog and Arc toolbox environments of Arc GIS (version 9.3. Finally, a map was prepared that indicated the possibility of appropriateness for establishing the centers in the study area. Considering a large number of areas, the research team selected the areas which were the appropriate location for build rural health centers which could be equipped with Telehealth.

  17. Interconnection of open and closed public spaces in historic city centers in Russia

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    The theme is dedicated to the problem of urban heritage preservation in the era of globalization with the rapid growth of large cities and megalopolises. The object of research is the Old Town designed in the period of urban and politics reforms of Russian Imperial age. Only in the last 100 years, the territory of modern Russia has undergone numerous reforms and political turmoil. During the research there were studied Moscow as the capital of Russia and some other Russian cities with their h...

  18. Shaping a City Museum's Future: Developing an Audience-Centered Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    McRainey, D. Lynn

    2013-01-01

    Following the celebration marking its 150th anniversary year, the Chicago History Museum found itself at a crossroads in envisioning its future. How could it make the city's history--and its oldest cultural institution--relevant in the 21st century? The staff of the museum has been exploring the answer to this and other questions to better…

  19. Endoparasites of horses from the Formiga city, located in center-west region of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weslen Fabricio Pires Teixeira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available With the aim of studying the endoparasite fauna of horses from the Formiga city, located in center-west region of the state of Minas Gerais, 25 animals that were naturally infected with helminths were evaluated. By means of parasitological necropsies, different endoparasites were found. The subfamily Cyathostominae presented the highest incidence, followed by Trichostrongylus axei, Oxyuris equi, Triodontophorus serratus, Strongyloides westeri, Strongylus edentatus, Habronema muscae, Parascaris equorum, Probstmayria vivipara, Strongylus vulgaris, Gasterophilus nasalis, Anoplocephala magna and Anoplocephala perfoliata. In the present study, if the species Probstmayria vivipara was not considered in the prevalence, the frequency of Cyathostominae was equivalent to 94.85%. The results obtained in this study allowed us to detect and identify different species of helminths in horses, and confirmed the high incidence of nematodes belonging to the subfamily Cyathostominae in the center-west region of Minas Gerais.

  20. Fluidized-bed incineration system and materials recovery facility. In use at Kosai City Environmental Center; Ryudoshoshiki gomi shokyaku shisetsu oyobi recycle plaza. Kosaishi kankyo center nonyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Asao, S.; Nishiyama, K.; Ishikawa, Y.; Takada, J.; Onishi, M.; Takahashi, S.; Kumisawa, G.; Shiba, T.; Tsuchiya, A.; Inaba, N.; Iio, M. [Ebara Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-01-20

    Ebara`s fluidized-bed incineration system and materials recovery facility are being used at Kosa City Environmental Center, a municipal waste incineration plant, since July 1998. The incineration system includes two incinerators, each with an incineration capacity of 60 tons per day. It is also the first such plant in Japan to include a counterflow absorber tower in which activated coke is used to absorb dioxins. The most advanced technology is used in all aspects of this system. The materials recovery facility is capable of recovering 30 tons of materials (metals, plastics, and glass) per day and includes various equipment for recycling and incombustibles treatment, as well as a stock yard for storing recovered materials. Both the incineration system and the materials recovery facility are designed to cause minimal impaction the environment. (author)

  1. Evaluation of potential human health risk and investigation of drinking water quality in Isparta city center (Turkey).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varol, Simge; Davraz, Aysen

    2016-06-01

    Isparta city center is selected as a work area in this study because the public believes that the tap water is dirty and harmful. In this study, the city's drinking water in the distribution system and other spring waters which are used as drinking water in this region were investigated from the point of water quality and health risk assessment. Water samples were collected from major drinking water springs, tap waters, treatment plants and dam pond in the Isparta province center. Ca-Mg-HCO3, Mg-Ca-HCO3, Ca-Na-HCO3, Ca-HCO3, Ca-HCO3-SO4 and Ca-Mg-HCO3-SO4 are dominant water types. When compared to drinking water guidelines established by World Health Organization and Turkey, much greater attention should be paid to As, Br, Fe, F, NH4, PO4 through varied chemicals above the critical values. The increases of As, Fe, F, NH4 and PO4 are related to water-rock interaction. In tap waters, the increases of As and Fe are due to corrosion of pipes in drinking water distribution systems. The major toxic and carcinogenic chemicals within drinking water are As and Br for both tap water and spring water. Also, F is the non-carcinogenic chemical for only spring waters in the study area.

  2. Alternative Fuel News: Official Publication of the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities Network and the Alternative Fuels Data Center; Vol. 2, No. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1998-05-01

    Official publication of the Clean Cities Network and the Alternative Fuels Data Center featuring alternative fuels activity in every state, the Clean Cities game plan '98, and news from the Automakers.

  3. Sewerage Treatment Plants, Sewer Treatment Plant, Published in 2008, City of Elizabeth City.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Sewerage Treatment Plants dataset, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2008. It is described as 'Sewer Treatment Plant'. Data by...

  4. Rapidkl Bus Service in City Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: An Epitome of Good Service?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Aziz Abdullah

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Public transportation in Kuala Lumpur (the capital city of Malaysia serves the daily commuting needs of all strata of society. To meet the ever increasing needs of reliable public transport in and around the capital city, the Rangkaian Pengangkutan Integrasi Deras Sdn Bhd (RapidKL has been established. Notwithstanding the effort by the company to provide the best public service, it seems there are more brickbats than bouquet of flowers given at the level of service rendered. Gamut of complaints range from late arrival, overcrowding, poor customer service, and bad general upkeep of the bus to frequent mechanical letdown. Hence, this research attempts to ascertain factors which influence the latitude of customer satisfaction towards RapidKL bus service in the Klang Valley. The picked independent variables of service quality; consumer satisfaction and dissatisfaction are assessed. The findings indentify factors that influence customers’ satisfaction to choose bus as a public transportation. The results will be used to suggest plan of improvement so that the public can experience better service in the Klang Valley.

  5. Historical Perspective of Clean Cities and Alternative Fuels Data Center Trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Connor, J. K.

    2007-09-01

    This document draws on the wealth of information housed in the U.S. Department of Energy's Alternative Fuels Data Center at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Trends and analyses are examined from data as far back as 1991. The findings of those trends and salient features are summarized.

  6. Traffic contribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the center of a large city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, T.

    1996-01-01

    composition was also determined in the air in a street carrying only diesel buses. The concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene and benzo(e)pyrene (BeP) were 4.4 +/- 1.2 and 4.4 +/- 0.7 ng m(-3), respectively, in the street air and 1.4 +/- 0.6 and 1.3 +/- 0.3 ng m(-3), respectively, in the air in the park area....... The investigation covered the winter months, January-March. The winter was mild, with a mean temperature of 2.8 degrees C. The major PAH source in the street was the traffic. In the city park area also traffic was an important source, but not the major one. Applying BeP as PAH indicator, the traffic contribution...

  7. Examination of Temporal Changes of Tekirdağ City Center with Remote Sensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Özyavuz

    Full Text Available Uncontrolled spatiotemporal changes in large urban areas can produce several problems such as environmental pollution, diminishing valuable agricultural lands; irregular industrialization and urbanization due to number and proportion of residents continue to increase. Remote sensing and GIS have become important tools to evaluate uncontrolled temporal changes in urban areas, because these techniques allow examination and management large amount of spatial and tabular data which would be impossible using manual interpretation. In this study, 2000 and 2010 Landsat TM satellite images and ancillary data were used to detect urban changes. Results showed that the city is expanding 6,3 percent annually. As a result of the classification and evaluation, it was determined that 580,57 ha. lands was converted to urban areas between the years 2000-2010.

  8. A brief account of coast vegetation near Port Elizabeth

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    H. C. Taylor

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available The environment and vegetation of an area of coast north-east of Port Elizabeth, South Africa, are briefly described. Five major vegetation categories are recognized. These are: 1.  Scaevola thunbergii Pioneer Vegetation of  littoral dunes and  Ficinia lateralis Sedgeland of calcrete gravel; 2.  Olea exasperata Bush,  Pterocelastrus tricuspidatus Bushclumps and Dune Woodland; 3. Sundays River Scrub; 4. Fynbos of calcrete areas; and 5.  Themeda triandra Grassland. Invasion of the area by Acacia cyclops (Australian W'attle is described. A recommendation for the conservation of the area as a nature reserve is made.

  9. Elizabeth Bowen, Modernism, and the Spectre of Anglo-Ireland

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    James F. Wurtz

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The recent scholarly focus on Elizabeth Bowen’s modernism tends to reinforce a false dichotomy between Bowen as an Ascendancy Big House novelist and Bowen as a literary modernist. In keeping with Jameson’s argument that the colonial experience is at the root of Western modernism, I propose that her representations of Anglo-Irish Big House culture, in The Last September in particular, are in fact focal points for understanding Bowen as a modernist, and I argue that the Gothic, with its unavoidable political and colonial resonances, is fundamental to Bowen’s Irish modernism.

  10. Consumers’ Perception About Genetically Modified Foods and Their Purchase Intention in the City Center of Hatay, Turkey

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    Ahmet Duran Çelik

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In this study consumers’ perception of, and purchase intention for genetically modified foods were examined in the city center of Hatay. The data of the 343 surveys were collected by using the face to face interview method. The data were analyzed by means of Likert Scale, and Spearman Correlation Analysis. According to the survey results, consumers’ risk perceptions about genetically modified foods are quite high. Consumers don’t willingly purchase genetically modified foods, and they intend to consume foods grown in traditional methods. High risk perceptions have a determining role on consumers’ views about genetically modified foods and their purchase intention for them. Another outcome from this study is that consumers’ awareness and knowledge levels about genetically modified foods are quite low, and that their perceptions and attitudes are mostly based on biases.

  11. A longitudinal study of enterobiasis in three day care centers of Havana City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez, F A; Hernández, M; Finlay, C M

    1996-01-01

    Pinworm infection was prospectively studied during one year in 469 children attending three day care centers. Each child was examined at six months intervals using up to three perianal swabs with adhesive tape. Those found infected were treated with mebendazole. At the beginning of the study we found a prevalence of 28% that dropped to 13% and 12% in the following study periods. The reinfection rate was twice the incidence rate in both study periods. We also found a small percentage (10%) of the children reinfected in most or all study periods. There was a high correlation between reinfection and perianal itching. Our results add further knowledge to the epidemiology of intestinal parasites in day care centers.

  12. Intestinal Parasites Prevalence in Children from Day Care Centers in Sinop City-MT

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    B. Muchiutti

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the intestinal parasitosis prevalence of children from municipal day care centers in Sinop MT. Respecting ethical principles established by Resolution 196/96 of Health National Council/Ministry of Health of quantitative research, the anonymity of participants, as well accept and signature of parents of the Term of Free and Enlightened Consent were performed. Between Junes to October 2012 were applied coproparasitological methods for investigation. Fecal samples were analyzed by Hoffmans methods. From 103 students examined observed the prevalence rate of 19.42% of intestinal parasites. The intestinal parasites with highest prevalence rate were: Giardia lamblia (9.70% and Endolimax nana (5.82%. The results of this study demonstrate the need for sensitization of the population front of diagnosis importance, treatment and monitoring of positive cases and the necessity of more health professionals attention, especially with children.Key-words: Intestinal parasites, day care centers, children.

  13. Frequency and risk factors associated with dry eye in patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico City

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    Martinez JD

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Jaime D Martinez,1 Anat Galor,2,3 Nallely Ramos-Betancourt,1 Andrés Lisker-Cervantes,1 Francisco Beltrán,1 Jorge Ozorno-Zárate,1 Valeria Sánchez-Huerta,1 Marco-Antonio Torres-Vera,1 Everardo Hernández-Quintela1 1Cornea and External Diseases Service, Asociación Para Evitar la Ceguera en Mexico (Association to prevent blindness in Mexico, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Miami Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 3Cornea and External Diseases Division, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA Purpose: The purpose of this study was to ascertain the frequency and risk factors of dry eye (DE among patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico.Methods: Approximately 338 consecutive new patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico City underwent an ocular surface examination, which included tear film break-up time, fluorescein corneal staining, Schirmer’s test, and evaluation of meibum quality. Symptoms of DE were evaluated by the Ocular Surface Disease Index and Dry Eye Questionnaire-5. Information on demographics, exposures, past medical and ocular history, and medications was also collected.Results: The frequency of severe DE symptoms was found to be 43% based on the Ocular Surface Disease Index and 30% based on Dry Eye Questionnaire-5. Risk factors significantly associated with increased DE symptoms included dry mouth and gastrointestinal ulcer medications. With regard to signs, aqueous tear deficiency was a less-frequent finding (22% in our population than evaporative deficiency (94%. Risk factors associated with aqueous tear deficiency were dry mouth and diuretic use. No risk factors were associated with evaporative deficiency. Risk factors associated with meibomian gland dysfunction included old age, male sex, arthritis, and use of an antihypertensive. The only risk factor associated with corneal staining was dry

  14. The experience of a Power Nap Center in the largest city of Brazil

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    Rogerio Santos-Silva

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available We evaluated the frequency of naps and features of nappers who took a nap in a Power Nap Center located in downtown area of São Paulo. Company database was retrospectively analyzed and 4.625 naps were evaluated (January–December 2014. Most naps (57% lasted 30 min. 33% of subjects took a nap more than once a week (73% male. Progressive growth in the number of naps across the months was observed (January=110 to December=505. Results suggest that the society is sleep deprived and taking a nap during the day could be an important strategy to improve quality of life and increase productivity.

  15. Determinants Associated with Pregnancy Complications in Pregnant Women; (Case Study in Abepura, Jayapura City Health Center 2015

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    Rodinda Sihombing

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the World Health Organization (WHO in 2014, about 800 mothers die worldwide each day from complications related to pregnancy or childbirth. Each year approximately 20,000 women in Indonesia die from causes related to pregnancy and labor. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of pregnancy complications determinant in Abepura, Jayapura City Health Center in 2015. This study was an observational study design with "cross-sectional study", which is one type of the analytic study design. The sample in this study is the third trimester pregnant women who visited antenatal at health centers Abepura totaling 155 people using accidental sampling technique. All data in this study were collected through interviews using questionnaires. Analysis of the data in this study include univariate, bivariate (chi square and multivariate (logistic regression. Chi-square test results demonstrated an association iron tablet intake (p = 0.022; RP = 2, maternal age (p = 0.018; RP = 2.6, parity (p = 0.03; RP = 1.9, a history of pregnancy complications (p = 0.0001; RP = 2.9, and a history of birth complications (p = 0.002; RP = 2.6 and the incidence of pregnancy complications. While the history of infectious disease has no relationship with the incidence of pregnancy complications (p = 0.214; RP = 1.4. Multivariate analysis showed that maternal age and previous pregnancy complications are dominant factors on the incidence of pregnancy complications.

  16. Frequency and risk factors associated with dry eye in patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Jaime D; Galor, Anat; Ramos-Betancourt, Nallely; Lisker-Cervantes, Andrés; Beltrán, Francisco; Ozorno-Zárate, Jorge; Sánchez-Huerta, Valeria; Torres-Vera, Marco-Antonio; Hernández-Quintela, Everardo

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to ascertain the frequency and risk factors of dry eye (DE) among patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico. Methods Approximately 338 consecutive new patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico City underwent an ocular surface examination, which included tear film break-up time, fluorescein corneal staining, Schirmer’s test, and evaluation of meibum quality. Symptoms of DE were evaluated by the Ocular Surface Disease Index and Dry Eye Questionnaire-5. Information on demographics, exposures, past medical and ocular history, and medications was also collected. Results The frequency of severe DE symptoms was found to be 43% based on the Ocular Surface Disease Index and 30% based on Dry Eye Questionnaire-5. Risk factors significantly associated with increased DE symptoms included dry mouth and gastrointestinal ulcer medications. With regard to signs, aqueous tear deficiency was a less-frequent finding (22%) in our population than evaporative deficiency (94%). Risk factors associated with aqueous tear deficiency were dry mouth and diuretic use. No risk factors were associated with evaporative deficiency. Risk factors associated with meibomian gland dysfunction included old age, male sex, arthritis, and use of an antihypertensive. The only risk factor associated with corneal staining was dry mouth. Conclusion This is the first study to demonstrate the frequency of symptomatic and clinical DE in a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico. The frequency of DE ranged from 30% using a symptomatic definition to 94% using objective measures. Different risk factors were found for different aspects of DE, suggesting differing underlying pathophysiologies behind different DE subtypes. PMID:27499613

  17. Prevalence of dementia and Alzheimer's disease in elders of nursing homes and a senior center of Durango City, Mexico

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    Rodríguez-Corral Karina

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Epidemiological reports about dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD in elderly people from developing countries are scarce. Therefore, we sought to determine the prevalences of dementia and AD in a population of nursing home residents and senior center attendees of Durango City, Mexico, and to determine whether any socio-demographic characteristics from the subjects associated with dementia or AD exist. Methods One hundred and fifty-five residents of two nursing homes and 125 attendees of a senior center were examined for dementia and Alzheimer's disease. All subjects were tested by the mini-mental state examination, and those who scored twenty-four or less underwent psychiatric and neurological evaluations. Diagnosis of dementia, AD and vascular dementia (VaD was based on the DSM-IV criteria. Socio-demographic characteristics from each participant were also obtained. Results Residents of nursing homes found to suffer from dementia were 25 out of 155 (16.1%. Eighteen of them (11.6% had AD, and seven (4.5% had VaD. None of the attendees of the senior center suffered from dementia. Dementia (pooled AD and VaD cases correlated with white ethnicity (OR = 3.2; 95%CI = 1.28–8.31, and a history of unemployment (OR = 6.46; 95%CI = 1.42–25.97, while AD correlated with journeymen occupations (OR = 4.55; 95%CI = 1.00–19.29. Conclusion Prevalence of dementia in residents of nursing homes found in this study is much lower than reported from more industrialized countries. AD was more frequent than VaD. Ethnicity and occupation showed effects on the prevalence figures. The prevalence of dementia found has implications for the optimum kind of health care that nursing homes should provide to their residents.

  18. Potential prescription patterns and errors in elderly adult patients attending public primary health care centers in Mexico City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corona-Rojo, José Antonio; Altagracia-Martínez, Marina; Kravzov-Jinich, Jaime; Vázquez-Cervantes, Laura; Pérez-Montoya, Edilberto; Rubio-Poo, Consuelo

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Six out of every 10 elderly persons live in developing countries. Objective To analyze and assess the drug prescription patterns and errors in elderly outpatients attending public health care centers in Mexico City, Mexico. Materials and methods A descriptive and retrospective study was conducted in 2007. Fourteen hundred prescriptions were analyzed. Prescriptions of ambulatory adults aged >70 years who were residents of Mexico City for at least two years were included. Prescription errors were divided into two groups: (1) administrative and legal, and (2) pharmacotherapeutic. In group 2, we analyzed drug dose strength, administration route, frequency of drug administration, treatment length, potential drug–drug interactions, and contraindications. Variables were classified as correct or incorrect based on clinical literature. Variables for each drug were dichotomized as correct (0) or incorrect (1). A Prescription Index (PI) was calculated by considering each drug on the prescription. SPSS statistical software was used to process the collected data (95% confidence interval; p <0.05). Results The drug prescription pattern in elderly outpatients shows that 12 drugs account for 70.72% (2880) of prescribed drugs. The most prescribed drugs presented potential pharmacotherapeutic errors (as defined in the present study). Acetylsalicylic acid–captopril was the most common potential interaction (not clinically assessed). Potential prescription error was high (53% of total prescriptions). Most of the prescription errors were due to omissions of dosage, administration route, and length of treatment and may potentially cause harm to the elderly outpatients. Conclusions A high number of potential prescription errors were found, mainly due to omissions. The drug prescription pattern of the study population is mainly constituted by 12 drugs. The results indicate that prescription quality depends on the number of prescribed drugs per prescription (p < 0

  19. Bathymetry of the waters surrounding the Elizabeth Islands, Massachusetts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendleton, Elizabeth A.; Andrews, Brian D.; Ackerman, Seth D.; Twichell, Dave

    2014-01-01

    The Elizabeth Islands in Massachusetts that separate Vineyard Sound from Buzzards Bay are the remnants of a moraine (unconsolidated glacial sediment deposited at an ice sheet margin; Oldale and O’Hara, 1984). The most recent glacial ice retreat in this region occurred between 25,000 and 20,000 years ago, and the subsequent rise in sea level that followed deglaciation caused differences in the seafloor character between Buzzards Bay and Vineyard Sound. The relatively rough seafloor of Vineyard Sound reflects widespread exposure of glacial material. Shoals mark the location of recessional ice contact material, and deep channels illustrate where meltwater drainage incised glacial deposits. Following ice retreat from the Elizabeth Islands, a glacial lake formed across the mouth of Buzzards Bay, when the lake drained, it scoured two deep channels at the southern end of the bay. Sea level rise began to inundate Vineyard Sound and Buzzards Bay about 8,000 years ago and continues to modify the modern seafloor (Robb and Oldale, 1977). Fine-grained marine and estuarine sediments were deposited in the partially protected setting of Buzzards Bay. These deposits, up to 10 meters in thickness, buried the high-relief glacial landscape and created the generally smooth modern seafloor. In contrast, the Vineyard Sound of today experiences strong tidal currents, which largely prevent the deposition of fine-grained material and constantly rework the glacial sand and gravel within shoals. The seafloor of the sound largely reflects the contours of the ancient glaciated landscape that existed before sea level began to rise. The bathymetric data used to create the hillshaded relief image of the seafloor were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management and supplemented with National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration hydrographic survey data. The map shows the detailed bathymetry of Buzzards Bay and Vineyard

  20. Potential prescription patterns and errors in elderly adult patients attending public primary health care centers in Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Corona-Rojo

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available José Antonio Corona-Rojo1, Marina Altagracia-Martínez1, Jaime Kravzov-Jinich1, Laura Vázquez-Cervantes1, Edilberto Pérez-Montoya2, Consuelo Rubio-Poo31Division of Biological Sciences and Health, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Campus Xochimilco (UAM-X, Xochimilco, México; 2National Polytechnical Institute (IPN, México DF; 3Faculty of Higher Studies – Zaragoza (FES-Zaragoza, National Autonomous University of México (UNAM, México City, MéxicoIntroduction: Six out of every 10 elderly persons live in developing countries.Objective: To analyze and assess the drug prescription patterns and errors in elderly outpatients attending public health care centers in Mexico City, Mexico.Materials and methods: A descriptive and retrospective study was conducted in 2007. Fourteen hundred prescriptions were analyzed. Prescriptions of ambulatory adults aged >70 years who were residents of Mexico City for at least two years were included. Prescription errors were divided into two groups: (1 administrative and legal, and (2 pharmacotherapeutic. In group 2, we analyzed drug dose strength, administration route, frequency of drug administration, treatment length, potential drug–drug interactions, and contraindications. Variables were classified as correct or incorrect based on clinical literature. Variables for each drug were dichotomized as correct (0 or incorrect (1. A Prescription Index (PI was calculated by considering each drug on the prescription. SPSS statistical software was used to process the collected data (95% confidence interval; p < 0.05.Results: The drug prescription pattern in elderly outpatients shows that 12 drugs account for 70.72% (2880 of prescribed drugs. The most prescribed drugs presented potential pharmacotherapeutic errors (as defined in the present study. Acetylsalicylic acid–captopril was the most common potential interaction (not clinically assessed. Potential prescription error was high (53% of total prescriptions. Most

  1. The Impact of the Feminist Heroine: Elizabeth in Pride and Prejudice

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    Hui-Chun CHANG

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper critically examines the feminist significance of Elizabeth Bennet, heroine of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice. The feminist view found in Pride and Prejudice is well-supported in literary criticism yet little discussion has focused on Elizabeth’s feminism as seen in the prominent contrast to her female foils within the novel, namely Caroline, Jane, and Charlotte. Each of these women conforms to the socially imposed gender norms of Regency England, while Elizabeth artfully challenges gender inequality. As other women adapt their views to increase their chances of marriage, Elizabeth persistently refuses to capitulate. Defying traditional gender norms, Elizabeth affirms her feminist perspective by helping to shape Mr. Darcy’s moral character to match her own. Elizabeth inspires Mr. Darcy to set aside the pride he has in his high station in society in order to win her affections and take her hand in marriage. I argue that Elizabeth’s character is not feminist in isolation, but is understood only in contrast to Caroline, Jane, and Charlotte. This claim is supported by an in-depth comparison of Elizabeth and each of the female foils. Keywords: feminism, Elizabeth Bennet, moral character, gender inequality, foil contrast

  2. Public health nursing pioneer: Jane Elizabeth Hitchcock 1863-1939.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Joellen W; Watson, John Charles

    2003-01-01

    Jane Elizabeth Hitchcock was one of many distinguished nursing leaders of the 19th and early 20th centuries who attended a women's college before enrolling in a nurse training school. Like many of her contemporaries with equally impeccable family credentials, Hitchcock was something of an enigma to her family for choosing nursing over teaching, the most common acceptable career for women of her social class. Hitchcock's endowment of character, according to contemporary Lavinia Dock, exemplified the best of her Puritan roots. Her contributions to the evolution of public health nursing and the integration of public health nursing content into curriculums of training schools rivalled the achievements in higher education of her famous father, grandfather, and brother but garnered no comparable recognition. Her life presents an interesting case for analysis of an independent woman, a characteristic shared by many pioneers in the early years of public health nursing: 1893 to 1920.

  3. Telling About Southern Fluctuations: Elizabeth Spencer at the Back Door

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    Gérald PRÉHER

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Le troisième roman d’Elizabeth Spencer, The Voice at the Back Door (1956, appartient à son cycle du Mississippi. Il traite des relations raciales et de la violence sudiste, deux thèmes qui n’avaient pas bonne presse à cette époque puisque le mouvement pour les droits civiques débutait. Le roman rappelle L’intrus (1948 de Faulkner en ce qu’il met en scène la recherche du coupable du meurtre d’un homme blanc. Cet article analyse la façon dont Spencer dépeint les manières du Sud en s’interrogeant sur les relations raciales. Le roman est également lu dans le contexte de sa publication puisque Spencer fut perçue comme une traîtresse par les Sudistes. Spencer utilise des sujets impopulaires pour révéler le paradoxe au cœur de la manière de vivre sudiste et montre combien le passé se rejoue constamment dans le présent.Elizabeth Spencer’s third novel, The Voice at the Back Door (1956, is part of her Mississippi cycle. It deals with race relations and southern violence, two highly controversial issues at the time since the Civil Rights Movements were beginning. The novel, reminiscent of William Faulkner’s Intruder in the Dust (1948, stages the search for a culprit after the murder of a white man. This paper focuses on Spencer’s portrait of southern manners and interracial relationships and analyzes the novel in the context of its publication. It will show that Spencer uses unpopular topics to expose the paradox at the core of the southern way of life and show that the past is constantly reenacted in the present.

  4. Stillbirth history and Toxoplasma gondii infection in women attending public health centers in a northern Mexican City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarado-Esquivel, C.; Pacheco-Vega, S. J.; Salcedo-Jaquez, M.; Sánchez-Anguiano, L. F.; Hernández-Tinoco, J.; Rábago-Sánchez, E.; Centeno-Tinoco, M. M.; Flores-Garcia, I. D.; Ramos-Nevarez, A.; Cerrillo-Soto, S. M.; Guido-Arreola, C. A.; Beristain-García, I.; Liesenfeld, O.; Berumen-Segovia, L. O.; Saenz-Soto, L.; Sifuentes-Álvarez, A.

    2015-01-01

    Through a cross-sectional study design, 150 women attending public health centers with a history of stillbirths were examined for anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG and IgM antibodies in Durango City, Mexico. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess the association of T. gondii seropositivity with the characteristics of the women with stillbirth history. Of the 150 women (mean age: 32.09 ± 9.16 years) studied, 14 (9.3%) had anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies and six (42.9%) of them were also positive for anti-T. gondii IgM antibodies. Multivariate analysis showed that T. gondii seropositivity was associated with high frequency (4–7 days a week) of eating meat (OR = 5.52; 95% CI: 1.48–20.59; P = 0.01), history of lymphadenopathy (OR = 4.52; 95% CI: 1.14–17.82; P = 0.03), and history of surgery (OR = 8.68; 95% CI: 1.04–72.15; P = 0.04). This is the first study on the seroepidemiology of T. gondii infection in women with a history of stillbirths in Mexico. The association of T. gondii exposure with a history of surgery warrants for further research. Risk factors for T. gondii infection found in the present survey may help to design optimal educational programs to avoid T. gondii infection. PMID:26185685

  5. Investigation of Direct Causes of Drug Relapse and Abstainers' Demands in a Compulsive Detoxification Center in Wuhan City of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    To identify the direct causes of drug relapse and abstainers' demand,and to develop programs for the prevention of dmg relapse.Methods Abstainers in a Compulsive Detoxification Center in Wuhan City,capital of Hubei Province were randomly selected. An investigation on the direct causes of drug relapse and abstainers' demands was conducted with multiple-choice questionnaires and face to face interviews. Data were analyzed with SPSS 12.0.Results The direct causes leading to drug relapse included:temptation to use drug again by themselves or by their drug mates,seeking pleasure and ecstasy from drug use,relatively well off living,mental stress,irritation,demoralization,family conflicts,unemployment,feeling distrusted by the family,lack of care and love from the family,and discrimination by others.abstainers' demands after detoxification and returning to the society included:care and support from the family,employment assistance,changing living environment,understanding by others,support from the society,and keeping far away from drugs.Conclusions Environmental factors are the direct causes of drug relapse,and negative irritation is its predisposing causes. Leaving former residence,more care and help given by both the family and the society and raising their overall quality of life are the demands of abstainers.

  6. Elizabeth II tervitas Briti ja Eesti sõjaväelasi / Allar Viivik, Katrin Rohtla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viivik, Allar

    2006-01-01

    Kuninganna Elizabeth II avas Eesti uue miinijahtija Admiral Cowani vapi ning kohtus Briti sõjalaeva Liverpool pardal Afganistanis võidelnud kaitseväelastega. Kuningannat saatis Eesti presidendipaar

  7. The Trail Inventory of Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge [Cycle 1

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this report is to create a baseline inventory of all non-motorized trails on Elizabeth Alexandra Morton National Wildlife Refuge. Trails in this...

  8. 410 Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of Allergic Conjunctivitis Patients in a Reference Center of Mexico City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robles-Contreras, Atzin; Ayala-Balboa, Julio; Alonso-Sánchez, Miguel E.; Estrada-Garcia, Iris; Jiménez-Martínez, Maria C.

    2012-01-01

    Background In our country (Mexico) there are few reports about epidemiological characteristics of allergic conjunctivitis patients; despite these studies give us some information about patient profile, in most cases these studies are not always comparable due to the use of different methodologies, that is, Include only a portion of the population (elderly, infants) or there are limited to one region of the city. The purpose of this study was to know the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of allergic conjunctivitis (AC)-patients in the biggest reference center of ocular diseases in Mexico (Institute of Ophthalmology “Conde de Valenciana”) Methods Data were obtained from clinical records. Six hundred fifteen patients with diagnosis of AC were included. Epidemiological characteristics included sex, age, residence; clinical-immunological characteristics included atopy, coexistence of other allergies, total IgE, cutaneous reactivity to skin prick test (SPT), sixty allergens were evaluated. Descriptive statistics were performed to obtain frequencies and t test was used to find significant differences, P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results AC-Patients who received medical consultation at the Institute of Ophthalmology where predominantly from State of Mexico (47.25%), Mexico City (37.5%), and in less frequency Hidalgo, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Michoacan, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Guerrero, Chiapas and Guanajuato. 88% of AC-patients were positive to SPT (SPT+), while 12% were negative to SPT (SPT-). Age of diagnosis was significant different between SPT-AC-patients and SPT+AC-patients (14.5-years vs 17.9-years, P = 0.02). Male SPT-AC-patients were diagnosed younger than male SPT+AC-patients (P = 0.001). IgE concentration was significant increased in male SPT+AC-patients than female SPT+AC-patients (P = 0.006). The most common skin reactivity was against Dermatophagoides sp (59.1%), Aedes sp(54.55%) and Blatella-Periplaneta sp.(31.14%); we did not

  9. The Impact of the Feminist Heroine: Elizabeth in Pride and Prejudice

    OpenAIRE

    Hui-Chun CHANG

    2014-01-01

    This paper critically examines the feminist significance of Elizabeth Bennet, heroine of Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice. The feminist view found in Pride and Prejudice is well-supported in literary criticism yet little discussion has focused on Elizabeth’s feminism as seen in the prominent contrast to her female foils within the novel, namely Caroline, Jane, and Charlotte. Each of these women conforms to the socially imposed gender norms of Regency England, while Elizabeth artfully challen...

  10. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasmosis in Pregnant Women Admitted to the Health Centers of Khorram-Abad City, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Cheraghipour

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Toxoplasmosis is one of the most widespread parasitic infections in humans that can cause abortion in pregnant women or serious damage to their fetuses. To determine the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women of Khorram-Abad,a city in the west of Iran, a cross sectional study was performed by random cluster sampling of pregnant women admitted to rural and urban health centers of Khorram-Abad during 2006 to 2007. Materials & Methods: After recording 390 volunteers’ information in the questionnaires and preparation of the samples, prevalence of current/recent toxoplasmosis was evaluated by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA technique for the detection of toxoplasma-specific IgM, and previous history of infection by IgG. Results: This study revealed that the IgG seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in urban and rural pregnant women of Khorram-Abad was 30.8% and 31.4%, respectively; and that of IgM seroprevalence was 7.2% and 7.9%, respectively. However, IgG antibody levels increased with age (P<0.001. Education level of women was associated with the level of both antibodies (P<0.01. No statistically significant differences were observed in the levels of antibodies in relation to other study variables. Conclusion: According to this study, 69% of the pregnant women were seronegative and consequently are susceptible to acute toxoplasmosis and subsequent injury to their fetuses. So because of the importance of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women, public health education is necessary for prevention of this serious opportunistic infection. (Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2010;17(3:46-51

  11. Estimating the social trust and influencing factors on it in the centers of cities of Chaharmahal-va-Bachtyari province

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    Mahmoud Ketabi

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract   In this study, considering the most important viewpoints of classic and Social trust is considered as the most important component of social capital and of the most important concepts in sociology. Varying social structure and general changes in various social, economical, and political domains of modern society and resulted problems has made this concept very attracted, but this doesn’t mean that the classic thinkers haven’t paid attention to it. By gaining importance in modern society, the social trust took a special place for policy makers, planners, and authorities so that it was paid attention in the economical, social project of development of the country to estimating the social capital and in turn social trust. Accordingly, knowing trust rate and its most influencing and relevant factors in Chaharmahal-va-Bachtyari province this study was performed to answer this question: at what rate is the social trust in the centers of the province? And what are its most influencing and relevant factors? contemporary theoreticians such as Durkhim, Weber, Toonis, Putnam, Bourdieu, Fukuyama, Giddens, Erickson, Offe, and indoors and outdoor researches, it was separated various trust such as interpersonal, institutional, public, organizational, political and trust to jobs and stands as subdivisions of social trust and they were estimated by survey method with a sample of 612 individuals in 6 cities of the province, then it was case-studied their relations with the varriables of security feeling, religious beliefs, government performance, legalism, assumption of religiosity and piety, and ethical values. The sample volume was selected by Cochran formula after preliminary test and calculating p,q and sampled by stratified method and then the data was gathered. The results showed that the trust rate is at the middle and lower than that in all above mentioned subdivisions, unless the interpersonal and institutional trust. And the varriables

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, North Georgia Regional Development Center.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. Data...

  13. The planned Shopping Center as a generator of a new develpmente city district: the example of Catuaí Shopping Center in Londrina O Shopping Center planejado, como gerador de um novo (sub centro de desenvolvimento: o exemplo do Catuaí Shopping Center de Londrina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Luiza Fava Grassiotto

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Dejan Sudjic (1999 considers shopping centers, modern airports and museums, as important reference marks of new urban landscape, “public” spaces, keys to contemporary cities definition. They are mega complexes that generate economic competition between cities, establishing their influence areas. Enterprises which concentrate populations, arise cultural interests that, independently of scale and without causing excessive development in cities, afford them structure, form and identity. This paper briefly characterizes the multifunctionality and the existing shopping center typologies, concentrating afterwards on the history of Catuaí Shopping Center and the dynamics of its evolutionary process. Matters such as the expansion of the surrounding and real property valorization, its power to attract investments and new activities, besides its performance as land use modifier, are mentioned. Finally, it is highlighted the role of the shopping center as an instrument of neighborhood progress, social transformation, and changing of behavior enabling, during its evolutionary process, the development of a characteristic city district and a new centrality.Dejan Sudjic (1999 considera os shopping centers, ao lado dos modernos aeroportos e museus, como importantes marcos de referência da nova paisagem urbana, espaços “públicos” chaves na definição da cidade contemporânea. São megacomplexos que geram competição econômica entre as cidades, estabelecendo suas áreas de influência. Empreendimentos concentradores de população, despertam interesses culturais, que independentemente da escala e sem causar o intenso crescimento das cidades, lhes dão estrutura, forma e identidade. Este texto, após uma breve caracterização da multifuncionalidade e das tipologias de shopping centers existentes, concentra-se na história do Catuaí Shopping Center de Londrina, e a dinâmica de seu processo evolutivo. Questões como: a expansão e valoriza

  14. 75 FR 26793 - Beam Global Spirits & Wine, Including On-Site Leased Workers from Adecco, St. Elizabeth Business...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ... Global Spirits & Wine, Including On-Site Leased Workers from Adecco, St. Elizabeth Business Health... Assistance on March 26, 2010, applicable to workers of Beam Global Spirits & Wine, including on-site leased... company reports that workers leased from St. Elizabeth Business Health, Guardsmark, and Lab Support...

  15. A Comparison of Lu You’s Phoenix Hairpin and Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s Sonnets from the Portuguese (43)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷华

    2010-01-01

    Both Lu You and Elizabeth Barrett Browning enjoy great popularity as a poet.In this paper I compare and contract Lu You’s well-known love ci-poem Phoenix Hairpin with Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s famous Sonnets from the Portuguese (43) in respect of theme,style,and way of expression.

  16. An Evaluation of the State Urban Education Program "Living Science Center" District 10, New York City Board of Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinci, Thomas G.; DeVita, Christina

    A program of stimulation, motivation, and cultural enrichment for children in New York City's School District 10 is evaluated in this report. The Bronx Zoological Gardens were used for living laboratory experiences, coordinated with classroom activities in different curriculum areas. Employing zoo visits, lectures, films, and classroom…

  17. Fixing missing links in shopping routes: Reflections on intra-urban borders and city center redevelopment in Nijmegen, the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spierings, B.

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the fixing of missing links in shopping routes and puts redevelopment strategies for Dutch city centres in the theoretical context of entrepreneurial urbanism. The aim is to scrutinize and critically reflect upon how collaborating local authorities, property developers, architect

  18. Evaluation of Developmental Delay in Infants Who Came in for 6th Month Vaccination in Isfahan City Health Centers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid YAGHINI

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite this Article: Yaghini O, Danesh F, Mahmoudian T, Beigi B. Evaluation of Developmental Delay in Infants Who Came in for 6th Month Vaccination in Isfahan City Health Centers. Iran J Child Neurol 2012;6(2: 29-32. Objective Developmental delay is one of the most common causes of conferring the pediatric neurologist. The main part of neurological growth and development occur in the first two years especially in the first 6 months of life. Metabolic or skeletal diseases are important causes of developmental delay. Early diagnosis of deviance from the normal diagram of development in lower ages is important. Materials & Methods Specific ages and stages questionnaires (ASQ for 6 months was completed in the health centers for 800 infants conferring for their vaccination in Isfahan and the retest was performed at 24 months of age by ASQ and then these two questionnaires were compared. Results 10.5% of the infants were delayed in at least one domain. At 24 months, 38.4% of them remained delayed; 21.1% in one domain, 9.6% in two domains, 3.8% in four domains and 3.8% in five domains. Of the children who had problem in communication, 20%; in gross motor, 25%; in fine motor, 20%; and in problem solving, 30% remained delayed. In the personal social domain, none of the delayed children at 6 months remained delayed at 24 months. Conclusion ASQ is feasible, inexpensive, easy to use and was appreciated by the parents. It can be used as a screening test for detection of developmental delay in lower ages, but its results must be followed by other standard tests or diagnostic tools.References Lewis R, Palfreg GS. The infant or young child with developmental delay. The New England J Med 1994;330:478-83.Cleary MA, Green A. Developmental Delay: when to suspect and how to investigate for an inborn error of metabolism. Arch Dis Child2005;90(11:1128-32.Schendel DE, Stockbauer JW, Hoffman HJ, Herman AA, Berg CJ, Schrann WF. Relation between very low birth

  19. 78 FR 16816 - Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia-Elizabeth City...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-19

    ..., North Carolina, and to modify its television station, WHRO-TV's license to specify Norfolk, Virginia... effective March 19, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jeremy Miller, Jeremy.Miller@fcc.gov , Media..., Media Bureau. BILLING CODE 6712-01-P...

  20. Phytoremediation of a petroleum-hydrocarbon contaminated shallow aquifer in Elizabeth City, North Carolina, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Elizabeth Guthrie; Cook, Rachel L.; Landmeyer, James E.; Atkinson, Brad; Malone, Donald R.; Shaw, George; Woods, Leilani

    2014-01-01

    A former bulk fuel terminal in North Carolina is a groundwater phytoremediation demonstration site where 3,250 hybrid poplars, willows, and pine trees were planted from 2006 to 2008 over approximately 579,000 L of residual gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. Since 2011, the groundwater altitude is lower in the area with trees than outside the planted area. Soil-gas analyses showed a 95 percent mass loss for total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) and a 99 percent mass loss for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX). BTEX and methyl tert-butyl ether concentrations have decreased in groundwater. Interpolations of free-phase, fuel product gauging data show reduced thicknesses across the site and pooling of fuel product where poplar biomass is greatest. Isolated clusters of tree mortalities have persisted in areas with high TPH and BTEX mass. Toxicity assays showed impaired water use for willows and poplars exposed to the site's fuel product, but Populus survival was higher than the willows or pines on-site, even in a noncontaminated control area. All four Populus clones survived well at the site.

  1. Architectural design of the science complex at Elizabeth City State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahromi, Soheila

    1993-01-01

    This paper gives an overall view of the architectural design process and elements in taking an idea from conception to execution. The project presented is an example for this process. Once the need for a new structure is established, an architect studies the requirements, opinions and limits in creating a structure that people will exist in, move through, and use. Elements in designing a building include factors such as volume and surface, light and form changes of scale and view, movement and stasis. Some of the other factors are functions and physical conditions of construction. Based on experience, intuition, and boundaries, an architect will utilize all elements in creating a new building. In general, the design process begins with studying the spatial needs which develop into an architectural program. A comprehensive and accurate architectural program is essential for having a successful building. The most attractive building which does not meet the functional needs of its users has failed at the primary reason for its existence. To have a good program an architect must have a full understanding of the daily functions that will take place in the building. The architectural program along with site characteristics are among a few of the important guidelines in studying the form, adjacencies, and circulation for the structure itself and also in relation to the adjacent structures. Conceptual studies are part of the schematic design, which is the first milestone in the design process. The other reference points are design development and construction documents. At each milestone, review and coordination with all the consultants is established, and the user is essential in refining the project. In design development phase, conceptual diagrams take shape, and architectural, structural, mechanical, and electrical systems are developed. The final phase construction documents convey all the information required to construct the building. The design process and elements described were applied in the following project.

  2. 76 FR 54189 - Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia-Elizabeth City, NC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia... Association (``HRETA''), the licensee of noncommercial educational television station WHRO-TV, channel *16... license. There is presently a freeze on the filing of television allotment rulemaking petitions, but...

  3. Determination of Quality and Quantity for Primary Schoolyards in Artvin City Center By Using Geographical Information System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine Arslan Muhacir

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Rapid increase in concretion rate and a related decrease in the amount of public-green areas per capita have become an important issue for people living in cities. Children that are stuck in between tall buildings and have longing for play are the most affected ones from this issue. Adequateness of schoolyards both in quality and quantity is very important for physical and mental development of children especially for those attending primary schools and spending the most of their time in schoolyards. This importance has revealed not only the issue of increasing the quality of school buildings but also the necessity of better outdoor spaces for schools in order to have more successful education period. Moreover, some criterions such as distance, density and population should be taken into account when determining education areas in local zoning legislation. Even though it is assumed that every city has optimal social, topographical and other similar features for application of planning principles, these are not applicable for many cities such as Artvin due to its rugged land formation and irregular urbanization. The main objective of this study was to evaluate schoolyards in Artvin by stating their current status in Artvin both in quality and quantity aspects, since both have important effects on child’s physical and mental development.

  4. Structural and qualitative evaluation of microscopy and directly observed treatment centers under revised national tuberculosis control programme in Nanded city of Maharashtra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijay Manohar Bhagat

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Structural and qualitative evaluation of Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP is important to determine actual status of the programme in the field settings and to uncover the concealed gaps. The present cross-sectional study assessed the infrastructural facilities and quality of services provided through microscopy and directly observed treatment (DOT centers at Nanded city of Maharashtra. The investigator made on spot observation on the activities at microscopy and DOT centers and assessed the infrastructural facilities using an observational checklist. Expert microbiologist cross checked the microscopy report done by the laboratory technicians. It revealed that retrieval mechanism was not functioning in more than half of the DOT centers. Only 5 DOT providers were trained in RNTCP. Stock of sputum containers, methylene blue, and carbol fuchsin was found to be inadequate at some microscopy centers. Half of the laboratory technicians reported high false positive result in spite of being trained. Improvement of infrastructural and logistic support along with the refreshing training for the workers are needed for effective implementation of RNTCP.

  5. Address Points, address point locations, centered on the building (if possible), Published in Not Provided, City of Aurora.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Address Points dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of Not Provided. It is described as 'address point locations, centered...

  6. Measuring the electric energy services for the World Trade Center in Mexico city; Medicion de los servicios de energia electrica del World Trade Center de la ciudad de Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramirez Nunez, Humberto; Robledo Vera, Humberto [Luz y Fuerza del Centro, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1997-12-31

    In conforming the project of measuring the electric power for the World Trade Center of Mexico City, the use of top technology has been considered that in its field represents the application for the first time in our country the automatic reading of the electric energy meters. In this paper the network for the supply of electric power to the World Trade Center is described as well as the measuring systems of this building and mention is made of the characteristics of the system components and the advantages of remote reading. General data is provided on this collection of buildings, the connections in its tower and a feeding one line diagram of the tower itself [Espanol] En la conformacion del proyecto de medicion de la energia electrica para el edificio World Trade Center de la Ciudad de Mexico, se ha considerado el uso de tecnologia de punta que en su campo representa la aplicacion por primera vez en nuestro pais de la lectura automatica de medidores de energia electrica. En esta ponencia se describen la red de suministro al World Trade Center, los sistemas de medicion de este edificio y se mencionan las caracteristicas de los componentes del sistema y las ventajas de las lecturas remotas. Se proporciona datos generales sobre el conjunto de este edificio, las derivaciones en su torre y un diagrama unifilar de alimentacion de la torre del mismo

  7. The Significance of the Mind/Body Problem in the Correspondences between Descartes and Elizabeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Shahraeeni

    2012-09-01

    In this article, we first provide an overview of the philosophical issues engaged in these correspondences, along with some essential background for understanding such issues. Finally, some attempts will be done to deal with Elizabeth's own philosophical position and her influence on Descartes' system of thought.

  8. Briti kuninganna Elizabeth II Eesti-visiidil lasub saladuseloor / Priit Rajalo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajalo, Priit, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 30. jaan. lk. 2-3. Buckinghami palee teatas 25. jaanuaril, et Briti kuninganna Elizabeth II tuleb koos oma abikaasa Edinburghi hertsogi prints Philipiga oktoobris riigivisiidile Eestisse, Lätti ja Leetu. Lisa: Kõrged külalised

  9. Suffrage and Social Change: The Organizing Strategies of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Libresco, Andrea S.

    1995-01-01

    Maintains that, even though women leaders have been added to the secondary-school social studies curriculum, the differences among them in style, personality, and tactics have not been included. Compares and contrasts the background and social action methods of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. (CFR)

  10. Interview with Elizabeth Boling, aka Noel Wheeler, aka Skater Owens, aka EXB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landsburger, Joe

    2006-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Elizabeth Boling, aka Noel Wheeler, aka Skater Owens, aka EXB, editor of "TechTrends" magazine. EXB has edited AECT's bi-monthly peer-reviewed magazine since January 2003. She is also an associate professor in the Instructional Systems Technology department at Indiana University Bloomington (IUB),…

  11. Frequency and risk factors associated with dry eye in patients attending a tertiary care ophthalmology center in Mexico City

    OpenAIRE

    Martinez JD; Galor A; Ramos-Betancourt N; Lisker-Cervantes A; Beltrán F; Ozorno-Zárate J; Sánchez-Huerta V; Torres-Vera MA; Hernández-Quintela E

    2016-01-01

    Jaime D Martinez,1 Anat Galor,2,3 Nallely Ramos-Betancourt,1 Andrés Lisker-Cervantes,1 Francisco Beltrán,1 Jorge Ozorno-Zárate,1 Valeria Sánchez-Huerta,1 Marco-Antonio Torres-Vera,1 Everardo Hernández-Quintela1 1Cornea and External Diseases Service, Asociación Para Evitar la Ceguera en Mexico (Association to prevent blindness in Mexico), Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexic...

  12. A Prospective Multi-Center Observational Study of Children Hospitalized with Diarrhea in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

    OpenAIRE

    Thompson, CN; Phan, MV; Hoang, NV; Minh, PV; Vinh, NT; Thuy, CT; Nga, TT; Rabaa, MA; Duy, PT; Dung, TT; Phat, VV; Nga, TV; Tu, leTP; Tuyen, HT; K. Yoshihara

    2015-01-01

    : We performed a prospective multicenter study to address the lack of data on the etiology, clinical and demographic features of hospitalized pediatric diarrhea in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam. Over 2,000 (1,419 symptomatic and 609 non-diarrheal control) children were enrolled in three hospitals over a 1-year period in 2009-2010. Aiming to detect a panel of pathogens, we identified a known diarrheal pathogen in stool samples from 1,067/1,419 (75.2%) children with diarrhea and from 81/609 ...

  13. Frequency of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Individuals Referred to the Medical Center Laboratories in Nahavand City, Hamadan Province, Western Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Haghighi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs cause serious public health problem in the world, especially those located in tropical and subtropical areas. This study was conducted with the aim of obtaining frequency of intestinal parasites in referred people to the Nahavand city laboratories, Hamadan province, western Iran.Materials and Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among checkup individuals and patients referred to laboratories of Nahavand County. A total of 371 stool samples (150 from checkup individuals and 221 from patients were selected by using systematic random sampling during summer 2014.  The stool specimens were examined macroscopically, and microscopically by using direct slide smear (saline wet mount and lugol staining, formaldehyde - diethyl ether concentration, trichrome staining and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining techniques. The results were analyzed using SPSS version 16 and Chi-square test.Results: Ninety two patients (24.8% were infected with single or multiple intestinal parasites. The overall prevalence of IPIs in checkup individuals and patients was 21.3% and 27.1%, respectively. The frequency of the observed intestinal parasites was: Blastocystis spp. 72 (19.4%, Entamoeba coli 7 (1/9%, Endolimax nana 7 (1/9%, Giardia lamblia 5 (1/3%, Cryptosporidium spp. 3 (0.8%, Entamoeba hartmanni 3 (0.8%, Entamoeba histolitica/E. dispar 1 (0.3%, Trichomonas hominies 1 (0.3%, Chilomastix mesnili 1 (0.3%, Iodamoeba butschlii 1 (0.3% and Enterobius vermicularis egg l (0.3%.Conclusion: The proportion of observed protozoan parasites 91 (24.5% is higher than helminthes infection 1 (0.3%. The worm infections in Nahavand city was dramatically decreased over the past decades, induced increases in public health at the community level.  Blastocystis spp. was the predominant intestinal parasite in people referred to the Nahavand city laboratories.  Proportion of pathogenic IPIs among patients 4.07% (9 of 221 was

  14. Evaluating the impact and risk of pluvial flash flood on intra-urban road network: A case study in the city center of Shanghai, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Jie; Yu, Dapeng; Yin, Zhane; Liu, Min; He, Qing

    2016-06-01

    Urban pluvial flood are attracting growing public concern due to rising intense precipitation and increasing consequences. Accurate risk assessment is critical to an efficient urban pluvial flood management, particularly in transportation sector. This paper describes an integrated methodology, which initially makes use of high resolution 2D inundation modeling and flood depth-dependent measure to evaluate the potential impact and risk of pluvial flash flood on road network in the city center of Shanghai, China. Intensity-Duration-Frequency relationships of Shanghai rainstorm and Chicago Design Storm are combined to generate ensemble rainfall scenarios. A hydrodynamic model (FloodMap-HydroInundation2D) is used to simulate overland flow and flood inundation for each scenario. Furthermore, road impact and risk assessment are respectively conducted by a new proposed algorithm and proxy. Results suggest that the flood response is a function of spatio-temporal distribution of precipitation and local characteristics (i.e. drainage and topography), and pluvial flash flood is found to lead to proportionate but nonlinear impact on intra-urban road inundation risk. The approach tested here would provide more detailed flood information for smart management of urban street network and may be applied to other big cities where road flood risk is evolving in the context of climate change and urbanization.

  15. Strengthening Screening for HIV, Hepatitis C, and STIs: An Innovative Partnership Between the Health Department and Community Health Centers in New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terranova, Elizabeth; Tsoi, Benjamin; Laraque, Fabienne; Washburn, Kate; Fuld, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    In New York City, federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) are ideal partners for health departments because of their location in neighborhoods with high rates of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, and gonorrhea. Providers have experienced many barriers to following screening and treatment recommendations. In 2013, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene partnered with six FQHCs, representing 14 clinics, to make screening for HIV and HCV routine and increase adherence to gonorrhea treatment guidelines through education, electronic health record modification, and progress tracking. After one year, 12 of 14 clinics documented improvement in their HIV offer rate, and 11 clinics documented improvement in their HIV screening rate. Patients who were offered HIV screening increased from 26% at baseline to 56% at follow-up, and patients screened for HIV increased from 25% at baseline to 38% at follow-up. Most clinics improved their HIV screening rate, and progress suggests that local health departments can help FQHCs increase their HIV screening rates.

  16. Knowledge level of primary care physicians who works in Denizli city center and interns in Pamukkale University medical faculty about alzheimer disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Ergin

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM: Many communities in the world are rapidly ageing, with aging dementia seen in the elderly, incidence and prevalence of Alzheimer and #8217;s disease which is the most common cause of dementia is also increasing. Therefore, primary care physicians will need to play a more significant role on the diagnosis and management of Alzheimer diseases in near future. The aim of this study was to determine the level of awareness on Alzheimers disease among primary care physicians who works in Denizli city center and interns in the Medical Faculty in Pamukkale University. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on primary care physicians who works in Denizli city center and interns in the Medical Faculty in Pamukkale University. 93 (60.4% family physicians and 65 (89.0% interns, a total of 158 (69.6% people participated in the study. The University of Alabama Alzheimers Disease Knowledge Test which consists of 12 questions was used to determine Alzheimers disease knowledge score. Data are evaluated by descriptive statistics, and either Mann-Whitney U test or Kruskal-Wallis test was used to determine the statistical differences between numeric variables. RESULTS: The mean of Alzheimers disease knowledge score of family physicians and interns were 5.16+/-1.83 and 7.34+/-1.85, respectively (p <0.001. Interns who previously took any course on Alzheimers disease had a higher average score of 8.41+/-1.67 than that of those who did not take any course 5.07+/-1.95, (p=0.04. Previous course among family physicians did not make any difference (p=0.568. CONCLUSION: Alzheimers disease knowledge among primary care physicians and interns is insufficient. Authorities should take the necessary actions to improve this situatio [TAF Prev Med Bull 2015; 14(2.000: 131-136

  17. Number Theory : A Seminar held at the Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New York

    CERN Document Server

    Chudnovsky, Gregory; Cohn, Harvey; Nathanson, Melvyn

    1989-01-01

    The New York Number Theory Seminar was organized in 1982 to provide a forum for the presentation and discussion of recent advances in higher arithmetic and its applications. Papers included in this volume are based on the lectures presented by their authors at the Seminar at the Graduate Center of C.U.N.Y. in 1985-88. Papers in the volume cover a wide spectrum of number theoretic topics ranging from additive number theory and diophantine approximations to algebraic number theory and relations with algebraic geometry and topology.

  18. High-resolution geophysical data from the sea floor surrounding the Western Elizabeth Islands, Massachusetts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendleton, Elizabeth A.; Twichell, David C.; Foster, David S.; Worley, Charles R.; Irwin, Barry J.; Danforth, William W.

    2011-01-01

    Geophysical and geospatial data were collected in the nearshore area surrounding the western Elizabeth Islands, Massachusetts on the U.S. Geological Survey research vessel Rafael during September 2010 in a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey and the Massachusetts, Office of Coastal Zone Management. This report describes the results of the short-term goals of this collaborative effort, which were to map the geology of the inner shelf zone of the western Elizabeth Islands and study the geologic processes that have contributed to its evolution. Data collected during the survey include: Bathymetric and sidescan-sonar data, chirp seismic-reflection data , sound velocity profiles, and navigation data. The long-term goals of this project are to provide high-resolution geophysical data that will support research on the influence of sea-level change and sediment supply on coastal evolution and inventory subtidal marine habitat type and distribution within the coastal zone of Massachusetts.

  19. Personality Traits and Their Relationship to Demographic Features in Addicts Referring to a Drug Rehabilitation Center in the City of Isfahan, Iran.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamed Alaghemandan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Addiction is one of the most serious social damages and due to its progressive nature in all aspects, adversely affects people's physical and psychological health. Hence, this paper investigates the characteristics of drug addicts in a drug rehabilitation center in the city of Isfahan.In this cross-sectional study conducted in 2012, the population consisted of all addicts that referred to Shefa Drug Rehabilitation Center. A sample of 201 individuals was selected randomly. Two questionnaires were drawn up to collect data; the first questionnaire examined demographic characteristics and the second was the 71-item Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory short form. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test and Kruskal-Wallis test were used in SPSS20 to analyze the data.Overall, 98% of participants were men, 65.7% were married, and 13.3% were unemployed. Depression and hypomania were respectively the most and the least prevalent disorders among individuals with high-risk psychological profiles of clinical scales respectively. Psychopathic deviation and schizophrenia were seen among the unemployed more than the employed ones.Considering the fact that depression was the most common personality disorder among the addicts participating, it is recommended that this disorder be given priority in investigations in the treatment programs of these patients. In addition, the scales of disorder, schizophrenia, mental infirmity, mental deviation, and paranoia had a significant relationship to aggression, delirium and hallucination, which must be taken into consideration in the treatment of such patients.

  20. Frequency of fall-related injuries of female patients referred to the trauma center in the city of Kashan from years 2005 to 2008

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mansour Sayyah; Gholamreza Khosravi; Manzardokht Bigdeli

    2013-01-01

    Objective:Falls are one of the life events leading to injury and in serious cases cause high morbidity and mortality.This research was conducted to determine the fall incidence among female population of Kashan city from the years 2005 to 2008.Methods:This was a retrospective research using existing data from the data bank of trauma center of Kashan University of Medical Sciences.Records of all the female patients treated at local hospitals with complete hospitalisation kept at the center were examined for 4 consecutive years from 2005 to 2008.Results:A total of 2 094 female patients' records were examined.A significantly higher incidence of injuy occurred in 2008 compared to 2005 (P<0.0001).In addition,the highest frequency of injury occurred in age group above 65 years (31.9%)and in group with elementary education level (42.8%).Conclusion:The results showed that fall incidences occurred in the old age group above 65 years.Fall injuries at this age may cause disability.Therefore,preventive measures should be taken,such as increasing the awareness of the aging population about the seriousness of fall incidence and encouraging the aged individuals to get involved in fitness program to remain physical fit and healthy.

  1. Adult sickle cell disease epidemiology and the potential role of a multidisciplinary comprehensive care center in a city with low prevalence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binding, Andrew; Valentine, Karen; Poon, Man-Chiu; Sayani, Farzana A

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of the sickle cell disease population in a city of low prevalence and compare them to those reported in the literature. We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study of all sickle cell disease patients seen in the Calgary Health Region, Calgary, Alberta, Canada from 2006 to 2010. Data on clinical endpoints including emergency department (ED) visits, hospital admissions, transfusions, as well as laboratory parameters were collected. A total of 37 adult sickle cell disease patients were identified. Over 5 years, they were represented by a total of 49.2 ED presentations/year, 29.2 (59.0%) of these requiring admission. Eighty-three percent of these presentations were for acute pain episodes. We concluded that the number of ED visits, hospital admissions and several other parameters in our cohort were similar to those in other centers of higher prevalence. This suggests that guidelines representing regions of high prevalence may be applicable to smaller centers, where patients experience similar clinical outcomes.

  2. Frequency of fall-related injuries of female patients referred to the trauma center in the city of Kashan from years 2005 to 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayyah Mansour

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】 Objective: Falls are one of the life events leading to injury and in serious cases cause high morbidity and mortality. This research was conducted to determine the fall incidence among female population of Kashan city from the years 2005 to 2008. Methods: This was a retrospective research using existing data from the data bank of trauma center of Kashan University of Medical Sciences. Records of all the female patients treated at local hospitals with complete hospitalisation kept at the center were examined for 4 con-secutive years from 2005 to 2008. Results: A total of 2 094 female patients’ records were examined. A significantly higher incidence of injuy occurred in 2008 compared to 2005 (P<0.0001. In addition, the highest frequency of injury occurred in age group above 65 years (31.9% and in group with elementary education level (42.8%. Conclusion: The results showed that fall incidences occurred in the old age group above 65 years. Fall injuries at this age may cause disability. Therefore, preventive mea-sures should be taken, such as increasing the awareness of the aging population about the seriousness of fall incidence and encouraging the aged individuals to get involved in fitness program to remain physical fit and healthy. Key words: Accidental falls; Wounds and injuries; Female

  3. Decreasing trend of tempera-ture in Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica in the past 150 years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A 50-m firn core drilled in Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica, during the 1996/1997 Chinese First Antarctic Inland Expedition, has been measured for δ 18O and major ions. Based on the high quality of the seasonal variations of major ions, the firn core was dated with errors within ±3 years. The features of the temperature change in the past 150 years in the investigated region have first been studied based on the oxygen isotope in the upper 32.93 m of the firn core. Results show that the temperature decreased nearly by 2℃ in Princess Elizabeth Land in the past 150 years. On the background of the global, especially the Southern Hemispheric warming in the past 150 years, a temperature decline of 2℃ in Princess Elizabeth Land likely reflects the impacts of the unique Southern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation, the Antarctic Circumpolar Wave (ACW) and the special terrain (such as the large drainage basins) on the coastal regions of Antarctica.

  4. On the Contrastive Study of Political Policies between Elizabeth I and Empress Wu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Hui; MAO Hai-yan

    2013-01-01

    Elizabeth I and Empress Wu, the former was the last queen of Tudor Dynasty in England and the latter was an empress who had crowned herself as the regent of Tang Dynasty. The two female monarchs had many similarities. First, in terms of cultur-al policies, both implemented moderately flexible policies, which promoted cultural development. Second, in terms of heir prob-lem, both did not determine their successors until old age so as that their heirs to the throne would not threaten their own politi-cal status. Third, in terms of religion, both implemented religious tolerance policies, which helped avoid social unrest and strengthened centralization of authority. However, due to different historical era and environment where the two female mon-archs lived, there still exist many differences between their policies. First, in matters of economy, Elizabeth I adopted mercantilist policies, while Empress Wu took agriculture into serious consideration and scorned commerce and trade. Second, in matters of military policies, under the leadership of Elizabeth I, the war between England and Spain took very long time and suffered tre-mendous losses, while Empress Wu was more successful in solving the border problem of her country.

  5. Main mental disorders in crack-cocaine users treated at Psychosocial Care Centers for Alcohol and Drugs in the city of Recife, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Gomes de Castro Neto

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction: Brazil's Northeast region has the highest crack-cocaine consumption in the country. Crack-cocaine has more intense effects than cocaine powder and can cause greater chemical dependence. Psychosocial Care Centers for Alcohol and Drugs (CAPSad are public health services that provide treatment for drug dependence. It is common for drug users, and particularly crack-cocaine users, to develop mental disorders. Objective: To evaluate the most common mental disorders in crack-cocaine dependents in treatment at CAPSad in the city of Recife, Brazil. Methods: The research database "Between rocks and shots: user profiles, consumption strategies, and social impact of crack cocaine" (CEP/CCS/UFPE no. 206/11 was consulted to establish the areas of crack cocaine consumption in the city of Recife. Results: There were 885 patients in treatment for crack-cocaine use, with a mean age of 29.8±9.4 years. The mean duration of drug use was 6.1±4.6 years. Most of the patients were males (80.3%, had left school at some point between the 1st and 9th grades (45.6%, were unemployed and/or seeking employment (52% and used drugs daily (56.4%. Cocaine chemical dependence was more significant when correlated with use of crack-cocaine and other drugs such as medications and hallucinogens (p = 0.01. Conclusions: Data from this study showed strong associations between crack-cocaine uses and development of mental disorders, particularly when abuse of multiple substances occurs. Based on these data, there is a clear need for coordination of related public policies for support and social reintegration to provide these people with comprehensive care.

  6. Knowledge attitude and practice of practitioners and midwives working at health centers of main cities of Mazandaran province about emergency contraception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Jamali

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background and purpose: Emergency contraception is a method which used after unprotected intercourse and declines the rate of unintended pregnancy. In spite of efficacy and safty of this method, its rate of use is low. Major obstacle of regular use of this method is insufficient information of the health care providers, which in turn, causes low prescription of this method and consequently insatiable practice.Materials and Methods: This research is a correlative study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of practitioners and midwives working in health centers of the main cities of Mazandaran province about contraception. In this research 150 research units were selected using a multiple sampling method A questionnair was used for data, collection, completed by experienced persons who at health centers. To analyze the data descriptive statistics and c2, T-test, regression analysis and correlation were used.Results: The results showed that the level of knowledge of subjects were : 35/5% good, 38% medium and 26% poor. Negative correlation was seen between knowledge and age and job background but no correlation between knowledge and other factors. Also most of the subject’ had a positive attitude toward emergency contraception (60.7% and 39.3% of them had a negative attitude about this method. 54.4% of subject’ had a good practice and 45.6 % had a bad practice. Practice showed a statistical correlation with gender and job however there was no was correlation between practice and other factors.Conclusion: Data indicated the necessity of regular retraining courses or workshops on family planning spechially about emergency contraception to increase knowledge of research units about this method.

  7. Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage among outpatients attending primary health care centers: a comparative study of two cities in Saudi Arabia and Egypt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hala M. Abou Shady

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Epidemiological and molecular data on community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus(CA-MRSA are still scarce in both Egypt and Saudi Arabia. There is almost no data regarding methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA prevalence in both countries. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence and molecular epidemiology of S. aureusand MRSA nasal carriage among outpatients attending primary health care centers in two big cities in both countries. A total of 206 nasal swabs were obtained, 103 swabs from each country. S. aureusisolates were characterized by antibiotic susceptibility, presence of mecAand PVL genes, SCCmec-typing and spa typing, the corresponding Multi locus sequence typing clonal complex was assigned for each spa type based on Ridom StaphType database. MRSA was detected in 32% of the Egyptian outpatients while it was found in 25% of the Saudi Arabian outpatients. All MRSA isolates belonged to SCCmec type V and IVa, where some isolates in Saudi Arabia remained nontypeable. Surprisingly PVL+ isolates were low in frequency: 15% of MRSA Egyptian isolates and 12% of MRSA isolates in Saudi Arabia. Two novel spa types were detected t11839 in Egypt, and t11841 in Saudi Arabia. We found 8 spa types among 20 isolates from Egypt, and 12 spa types out of 15 isolates from Saudi Arabia. Only two spa types t008 and t223 coexisted in both countries. Four clonal complexes (CC5, CC8, CC22, and CC80 were identified in both Egypt and Saudi Arabia. However, the data collected lacked a representation of isolates from different parts of each country as only one health center from each country was included, it still partially illustrates the CA-MRSA situation in both countries. In conclusion a set of control measures is required to prevent further increase in MRSA prevalence.

  8. Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage among outpatients attending primary health care centers: a comparative study of two cities in Saudi Arabia and Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abou Shady, Hala M; Bakr, Alaa Eldin A; Hashad, Mahmoud E; Alzohairy, Mohammad A

    2015-01-01

    Epidemiological and molecular data on community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) are still scarce in both Egypt and Saudi Arabia. There is almost no data regarding methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) prevalence in both countries. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence and molecular epidemiology of S. aureus and MRSA nasal carriage among outpatients attending primary health care centers in two big cities in both countries. A total of 206 nasal swabs were obtained, 103 swabs from each country. S. aureus isolates were characterized by antibiotic susceptibility, presence of mecA and PVL genes, SCCmec-typing and spa typing, the corresponding Multi locus sequence typing clonal complex was assigned for each spa type based on Ridom StaphType database. MRSA was detected in 32% of the Egyptian outpatients while it was found in 25% of the Saudi Arabian outpatients. All MRSA isolates belonged to SCCmec type V and IVa, where some isolates in Saudi Arabia remained nontypeable. Surprisingly PVL(+) isolates were low in frequency: 15% of MRSA Egyptian isolates and 12% of MRSA isolates in Saudi Arabia. Two novel spa types were detected t11839 in Egypt, and t11841 in Saudi Arabia. We found 8 spa types among 20 isolates from Egypt, and 12 spa types out of 15 isolates from Saudi Arabia. Only two spa types t008 and t223 coexisted in both countries. Four clonal complexes (CC5, CC8, CC22, and CC80) were identified in both Egypt and Saudi Arabia. However, the data collected lacked a representation of isolates from different parts of each country as only one health center from each country was included, it still partially illustrates the CA-MRSA situation in both countries. In conclusion a set of control measures is required to prevent further increase in MRSA prevalence.

  9. J. M. Coetzee’s unsettling portrayals of Elizabeth Costello = Os retratos vexatórios de J. M. Coetzee sobre Elizabeth Costello

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Giovannelli

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the vexed question of animal and human rights byfocusing on Coetzee’s ‘trilogy’ connected with Elizabeth Costello’s lecturing and experiencing, from her anti-Cartesian stances and sympathetic imagination advocated in The lives of animals, through the eight lessons which she frantically goes over and delivers like a ‘circus seal’, or even happens to be taught (in Elizabeth Costello, up to Slow man, where she turns into the waspish, vulpine ‘Costello woman’ preying on tortoise-like Paul Rayment. As such a debasing hybridization may already suggest, the committed intellectual shall lose track of her formerly heated debates on animals as ‘embodied souls’ and divinely created beings to be held in great respect, to enter a region of ethical ambivalence where biological and axiological boundaries are deviously blurred. Textual evidence andcommentaries on Coetzee’s fictional world and thematic concerns are provided to single out the stages of this unsettling metamorphosis, a process through which Costello wavers between Franciscan self-effacement and dictatorial omniscience. In the upshot, the striving after a recognition of animal dignity is seemingly supplanted by a debasement of the human person into a pet or a beast, as though she had lost herself in a labyrinth of fumbling speculation.O problema vexatório sobre os direitos dos animais e das pessoas é analisado pela trilogia de Coetzee, ou seja, a partir das conferências e das experiências de Elizabeth Costello, nas quais propõe sua posição anticartesiana e sua imaginação simpatética defendida em The lives of animals, versando sobre as oito aulas que ela ministra como ‘uma foca circense’ ou até quando é tutelada (em Elizabeth Costello, até Slow man, onde se transforma na ‘fêmeaCostello’, uma loba que age como predadora junto ao lento Paul Rayment. Como a hibridização acima mencionada pode sugerir, o intelectual pode se esquecer dos

  10. On-road measurements of NMVOCs and NOx: Determination of light-duty vehicles emission factors from tunnel studies in Brussels city center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ait-Helal, W.; Beeldens, A.; Boonen, E.; Borbon, A.; Boréave, A.; Cazaunau, M.; Chen, H.; Daële, V.; Dupart, Y.; Gaimoz, C.; Gallus, M.; George, C.; Grand, N.; Grosselin, B.; Herrmann, H.; Ifang, S.; Kurtenbach, R.; Maille, M.; Marjanovic, I.; Mellouki, A.; Miet, K.; Mothes, F.; Poulain, L.; Rabe, R.; Zapf, P.; Kleffmann, J.; Doussin, J.-F.

    2015-12-01

    Emission factors (EFs) of pollutants emitted by light-duty vehicles (LDV) were investigated in the Leopold II tunnel in Brussels city center (Belgium), in September 2011 and in January 2013, respectively. Two sampling sites were housing the instruments for the measurements of a large range of air pollutants, including non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon dioxide (CO2). The NMVOCs and NOx traffic EFs for LDV were determined from their correlation with CO2 using a single point analysis method. The emission factor of NOx is (544 ± 199) mg vehicle-1 km-1; NMVOCs emission factors vary from (0.26 ± 0.09) mg vehicle-1 km-1 for cis-but-2-ene to (8.11 ± 2.71) mg vehicle-1 km-1 for toluene. Good agreement is observed between the EFs determined in the Leopold II tunnel and the most recent EFs determined in another European roadway tunnel in 2004, with only a slight decrease of the EFs during the last decade. An historical perspective is provided and the observed trend in the NMVOCs emission factors reflect changes in the car fleet composition, the fuels and/or the engine technology that have occurred within the last three decades in Europe.

  11. 500 Cities: City Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This city boundary shapefile was extracted from Esri Data and Maps for ArcGIS 2014 - U.S. Populated Place Areas. This shapefile can be joined to 500 Cities...

  12. Gold award: mental health services for the deaf--St. Elizabeths Hospital, Washington, D.C.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-10-01

    The mental health program for the deaf at St. Elizabeths Hospital offers comprehensive services to adolescents and adults who were born deaf or who became deaf early in life. A staff of 49, six of whom have impaired hearing, provide services to about 33 inpatients and about 71 outpatients. Activity therapies that do not require oral communication, such as occupational therapy, art therapy, dance therapy, and psychodrama, play an important role in the program, as does group psychotherapy. The program provides training, field experience, and consultation for workers throughout the U.S. and from foreign countries. Some guidelines for communicating with the deaf are given.

  13. A Simple Analysis of Elizabeth and Darcy’s Marriage in Pride and Prejudice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUA Xiao-yan

    2014-01-01

    Marriage is the main idea of Jane Austen’s novels. The novel reflects the ideal marriage views by describing several dif-ferent marriages. It reveals a real marriage should be based on love, actual need, morality and equality. It creates a contrast between a successful marriage and an unsuccessful one. Elizabeth and Darcy’s marriage is considered as a successful one. In fact it embodies the author’s own concept of marriage, it is a fault to get married for only money and social status, but it is also foolish without thinking of these factors.

  14. Gotické povídky Elizabeth Gaskellové

    OpenAIRE

    LIŠKOVÁ, Kristýna

    2012-01-01

    This diploma thesis deals with the analysis of nine gothic tales by an English writer of the nineteenth century Elizabeth Gaskell. These gothic tales are compared with the first gothic novels and gothic literature in general. Their analysis is carried out on the basis of spaces, heroes and themes which appear in E. Gaskell´s gothic tales. The diploma thesis reveals in which aspects Gaskell´s tales are different from the first gothic novels and which new themes, heroes and spaces were introduc...

  15. A traduÃÃo da personagem Elizabeth Bennet, de Pride & Prejudice, para o cinema.

    OpenAIRE

    Ricelly JÃder Bezerra da Silva

    2014-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho à analisar o processo de traduÃÃo da personagem Elizabeth Bennet, protagonista do romance Pride & Prejudice, publicado em 1813, de autoria da escritora inglesa Jane Austen, para o filme Pride and Prejudice (1940), de Robert Z. Leonard. Em sua obra, Austen constrÃi uma crÃtica a padrÃes socioculturais que relegam posiÃÃo inferior à mulher do sÃculo XIX em relaÃÃo ao sexo masculino. Tal crÃtica està presente de maneira sutil em sua narrativa, principalmente, centrada n...

  16. The Flickering Global City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Slater

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article explores new dimensions of the global city in light of the correlation between hegemonic transition and the prominence of financial centers. It counterposes Braudel’s historical sequence of dominant cities to extant approaches in the literature, shifting the emphasis from a convergence of form and function to variations in history and structure. The marked increase of finance in the composition of London, New York and Tokyo has paralleled each city’s occupation of a distinct niche in world financial markets: London is the principal center of currency exchange, New York is the primary equities market, and Tokyo is the leader in international banking. This division expresses the progression of world-economies since the nineteenth century and unfolds in the context of the present hegemonic transition. By combining world-historical and city-centered approaches, the article seeks to reframe the global city and overcome the limits inherent in the paradigm of globalization.

  17. A lithostratigraphic geo-archaeological 3D model of the subsurface of a medieval mound in the city center of Vlaardingen (The Netherlands).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roozen, Stan; Kluiving, Sjoerd; Soetens, Steven

    2013-04-01

    GSI3D modeling for archaeology A lithostratigraphic geo-archaeological 3D model of the subsurface of a medieval mound in the city center of Vlaardingen (The Netherlands). EGU 2013 Vienna Stan Roozen (UvA), Sjoerd Kluiving (VU), Steven Soetens (VU) In the medieval mound in the city centre of Vlaardingen, in the Netherlands , archaeological material is remarkably well preserved. It is remarkable because this elevated location has a high degree of humidity, which must remain intact to sustain the favourable conditions of the archaeology. For that reason, the centre of the city was cored when and where possible, and subsequently its archaeology and lithostratigraphy was modelled in 3D. In this presentation we demonstrate the difficulties and methodological restraints in 3D modelling to come to a workable method and future prospects. The municipality of Vlaardingen lies north of the Nieuwe Maas in the province of Zuid Holland close to the coast. It is one of the oldest Dutch urban areas known in Holland. The project makes use of coring (n=72), cone penetration test (n=127), C-dating, archaeological and paleogeographic data in order to create interpretative profiles containing both archaeological and lithostratigraphic layers in the mound and its broader context. With the available university's licence of ArcGIS 3D modeling is possible (ArcScene), but it is not an efficient subsurface software, while most ideal 3D software for such project (such as i.e. Petrol, GoCAD, Rockworks) are beyond archaeological budgetary limits. The most ideal software in our context was GSI3D (a software provided by the British Geological survey). Though it strictly is not a 3D model software (there are no 3D interpolation algorithms), it has the advantage that the user can interfere directly in the interpolation by using the profiles as a framework and by defining the extent of each layer. The following methodology is applied: • Based on depth information of coring and cone penetration

  18. 呈贡新城会议中心结构设计%Structural design on Conference Center of Chenggong New City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏跃; 蔡世泽; 杨梅笑; 贺云军; 王志浩

    2011-01-01

    Conference Center of Chenggong New City has complex building functions,and is irregular in the plane and vertical.The large-span steel roof has special shape with large load in some areas,which is the emphasis and difficulty of the whole structure.Many software,models and calculation methods were used in the structural analysis,and mutual comparison and review were taken to ensure the safety of the main structure.Enough communications with architects during the design were contributed to realize the perfect combination of the building shape and structural members.The requirements of building function and shape were met.%呈贡新城会议中心建筑功能复杂,结构平面、竖向均不规则;钢结构屋面跨度大,造型独特,部分区域受荷大,是整个工程设计的重点和难点。结构计算分析采用了多种软件、模型和计算方法,并进行相互对比、复核,以保证结构主体的安全性。结构设计中积极与建筑师沟通、协商,实现了建筑造型与结构构件完美结合,更好地满足建筑功能和造型要求。

  19. Gender, culture, and astrophysical fieldwork: Elizabeth Campbell and the Lick Observatory-Crocker eclipse expeditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, A. S.-K.

    The article is organized as follows. It begins with an overview of women in nineteenth-century American science. It then describes the culture of mountaintop observatories and life on Mount Hamilton. Elizabeth Campbell's unique role in the Crocker-Lick expeditions drew upon her equally unique role in the observatory, and also on the meaning given to women's work in general on the mountain. The bulk of the article focuses on the Campbells and their expeditions to India in 1898, Spain in 1905, and the South Pacific in 1908. The third section compares the Lick Observatory expeditions to those conducted by David Todd of Amherst College. Todd's wife, Mabel Loomis Todd, went into the field several times with her husband, but her place in the field was radically different from Elizabeth Campbell's, a difference that can be ascribed to a combination of local culture and personality. Finally, it compares American expeditions to British expeditions of the period, to see what the absence of British women on expeditions can tell us about the way national scientific styles and cultures affected gender roles in science.

  20. Shopping Mall: Konsumtempel oder neuer ‚Frauenraum‘ im Zentrum der Stadt? The Shopping Mall: Temple of Consumerism or the New “Women’s Space” in the City Center?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie Bock

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Die in den USA entstandene Shopping Mall ist aus den europäischen Stadtzentren nicht mehr wegzudenken. Kerstin Dörhöfer geht in ihrem Buch an ausgewählten Berliner Beispielen der Frage nach der Wirkung dieser vermeintlich homogenen baulichen ‚Monolithen‘ auf urbane Kultur und vor allem auf die Geschlechterverhältnisse nach. Die allmähliche Eroberung der Innenstädte durch die Shopping Mall ist – so das Fazit der lesenswerten Arbeit – kein Ausdruck einer verstärkten Teilhabe von Frauen am städtischen Leben. Vielmehr konterkariert der neue Innenraum im öffentlichen Stadtraum die mit Urbanität verbundene Vorstellung einer Aneignung städtischen Raums.We can no longer imagine European city centers without those shopping malls originating from the USA. Using select examples from Berlin, Kerstin Dörhöfer questions the effect of these supposedly homogenously built ‘monoliths’ on urban culture and especially on gender relations. The shopping mall’s gradual conquest of city centers—at least according to the conclusion of this well-worth reading work—is not an expression of the ever-strengthening share women have in city life. Instead, this central space within the public sphere of the city thwarts the urban-based belief in the appropriation of the city space.

  1. Research on Digital City Construction Based on Cloud Computing Data Center%基于云计算数据中心的数字化城市建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于鹏洲

    2014-01-01

    通过对数字化城市和云计算技术的探讨,提出在数字化城市建设中应用云计算技术的必要性,并构建了基于云计算数据中心的数字化城市建设体系结构。从政府服务、公共安全服务、教育服务以及交通医疗服务等方面对云计算技术在数字化城市建设中的应用进行分析,表明在数字化城市建设中应用云计算技术对提高城市的整体信息化水平具有十分重要的意义。%This paper put forward the necessity of application of cloud computing in digital city construction through the discussed of cloud computing and digital city,and build the digital city construction architecture based on cloud computing data center.This paper analysis the application of cloud computing tecnology in digital city from government services,public safety services,education services,transportation and medical services and so on,and it shows application of cloud computing in digital city construction to improve the city’s information level has great significance.

  2. Passenger Transportation in Multi-Center City Shenzhen%深圳市多中心空间结构下的客运交通组织

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓琪; 郭莉; 杨涛

    2015-01-01

    Urban area in Shenzhen has gradually transformed from a belt shape within the original Special Economic Zone into an outward radial-shaped city in the past three decades, which, to some extent, devi-ates the original urban development plan that calls for a multi-center development pattern. By summarizing the experience and lessons-learned from the interactive urban land use and transportation infrastructure de-velopment in Shenzhen, this paper proposes transportation system for a multi-center spatial development. Focusing on national, regional and urban passenger terminals, the paper emphasizes that context-sensitive concept should be introduced to the distribution of passenger terminals, which can match the intended ur-ban functional designs. Transportation arterial corridors should be developed to fit the urban structure of“three axis and two belt”, providing flexibility for future urban development. Based on the multi-center development plan and travel demand forecasting, the paper outlines the six transportation zones with differ-ent population and employment measures, public transit development goal, travel demand management strategy, and etc.%过去30年,深圳城市空间逐渐由原特区内的带状组团拓展至现阶段的全境轴带梯度推进,并出现与城市规划期望的多中心组团化相背离的发展趋势。总结深圳市城市空间拓展与交通设施布局互动发展历程中的经验及教训,提出多中心组团化空间结构下的交通组织模式。强调结合城市不同功能中心布局客运枢纽,重点关注全国性、区域性、全市性三个层级的客运枢纽。依托城市“三轴两带”形成骨干交通走廊,为未来空间发展预留弹性空间。基于多中心组团化空间发展愿景以及规划预测出行分析,划分六大交通政策分区,并给出不同分区的居住人口、就业岗位等指标,公共交通发展目标,以及需求管理措施等发展指引。

  3. 基于ArcGIS的菏泽市人口重心迁移研究%Study of the Migration of Population Gravity Center in Heze City Based on ArcGIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜朝正

    2016-01-01

    Through the population gravity center model theory, the population gravity center migration trajectory in Heze during 2003-2012 was obtained using GIS technology, the population gravity center migration laws were studied, and the main influencing factors were analyzed. The research showed that, Heze`s population gravity center was closed to geometric center;the migration of total population gravity center was related to non-agricultural population gravity center, male gravity center and female gravity center, the migration trends were similar;the trend of the gravity center from southeast to northwest migration was obvious;the migration of population gravity center was affected by many factors, such as population migration, natural population growth rate, social economy in Heze City.%通过重心模型相关理论,借助ArcGIS软件技术绘制2003~2012年菏泽市人口重心迁移轨迹,研究人口重心迁移规律,并分析影响其移动的主要因素。研究表明,菏泽市人口重心与菏泽市几何中心相接近;菏泽市总人口的人口重心迁移与菏泽市非农业人口重心、男性人口重心、女性人口重心具有关联性,移动趋势相近;菏泽市人口重心迁移的总趋势是由东南向西北方向移动;人口重心迁移受人口的迁入迁出、人口的自然增长率、菏泽市的社会经济状况等多种因素影响。

  4. Employment Problems of Graduates of Provincial Colleges and Universities in Non-center Cities%省属高校毕业生非中心城市就业问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚冰; 程可

    2016-01-01

    当前,在院校层次、家庭影响、非中心城市发展等综合因素的驱动下,省属高校大学毕业生到非中心城市发展逐渐成为一种趋势。但是,省属高校毕业生在非中心城市就业还存在不同专业就业不均衡、就业不公平、有业不就、专业与城市需求不符、非中心城市就业政策滞后等主客观问题。针对这些问题,需要在优化非中心城市就业环境的背景下,不断提高省属高校毕业生的综合能力使其做好科学合理的职业规划,同时在推进校企合作,融合校企文化方面提出解决建议。%At present ,due to the institutional level ,family influence ,non‐center cities development and other reasons ,provincial colleges and universities graduates to employment in non‐center cities has gradu‐ally become a trend .However ,graduates of provincial colleges and universities in non‐center cities employ‐ment still exist some subjective and objective problems .For example ,there are different professional em‐ployment is not balanced ,the employment is not fair ,no suitable job ,professional and urban demand does not match ,the employment policy of non‐center cities is lagging behind .In order to solve these problems , some suggestions are needed .Optimize the employment environment of non‐center cities .Continuously im‐prove the comprehensive ability of provincial colleges and universities graduates w hich do scientific and reasonable occupation planning .At same time ,strengthen the cooperation between schools and enterpri‐ses ,the integration of school culture and corporate culture .

  5. (Un)Making Sex, Making Race: Nineteenth-Century Liberalism, Difference, and the Rhetoric of Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poirot, Kristan

    2010-01-01

    Elizabeth Cady Stanton has been celebrated for her astute rhetorical contributions to woman's rights advocacy and highly criticized for her racist and elitist sentiments about citizenship and the franchise. Although there appears to be a discontinuity between Cady Stanton's commitment to (sexual) equality and her racism/elitism, this tension is…

  6. Lesson Plans for "Not for Ourselves Alone: The Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prososki, Lisa; Krouse, Judith; Harper, Judith E.

    These lesson plans for high school students were developed to accompany the documentary film by Ken Burns and Paul Barnes which tells the story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony and their lifelong fight for women's rights. In the lessons students write editorials about women's rights around the world today, interview senior citizens…

  7. Annual and diurnal variations of gaseous and particulate pollutants in 31 provincial capital cities based on in situ air quality monitoring data from China National Environmental Monitoring Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Suping; Yu, Ye; Yin, Daiying; He, Jianjun; Liu, Na; Qu, Jianjun; Xiao, Jianhua

    2016-01-01

    Long-term air quality data with high temporal and spatial resolutions are needed to understand some important processes affecting the air quality and corresponding environmental and health effects. The annual and diurnal variations of each criteria pollutant including PM2.5 and PM10 (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm and 10 μm, respectively), CO (carbon monoxide), NO2 (nitrogen dioxide), SO2 (sulfur dioxide) and O3 (ozone) in 31 provincial capital cities between April 2014 and March 2015 were investigated by cluster analysis to evaluate current air pollution situations in China, and the cities were classified as severely, moderately, and slightly polluted cities according to the variations. The concentrations of air pollutants in winter months were significantly higher than those in other months with the exception of O3, and the cities with the highest CO and SO2 concentrations were located in northern China. The annual variation of PM2.5 concentrations in northern cities was bimodal with comparable peaks in October 2014 and January 2015, while that in southern China was unobvious with slightly high PM2.5 concentrations in winter months. The concentrations of particulate matter and trace gases from primary emissions (SO2 and CO) and NO2 were low in the afternoon (~16:00), while diurnal variation of O3 concentrations was opposite to that of other pollutants with the highest values in the afternoon. The most polluted cities were mainly located in North China Plain, while slightly polluted cities mostly focus on southern China and the cities with high altitude such as Lasa. This study provides a basis for the formulation of future urban air pollution control measures in China.

  8. Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Naissance du féminisme américain à Seneca Falls

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Cet ouvrage met en scène une double naissance : celle du féminisme américain avec le moment inaugural de la Convention de Seneca Falls en 1848, et l'émergence d’Elizabeth Cady Stanton comme force vive et tête pensante des tout premiers combats pour l’affirmation et la conquête des droits de la femme aux États-Unis. À travers des textes jamais traduits en français, on perçoit l’éveil d’une conscience, du cadre privé de l’enfance jusqu’à l’intervention publique auprès du Congrès de New York en...

  9. Accumulation and temperature changes in Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica in the past 250 years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    A 50 m firn core drilled in Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica, during the 1996/1997 Chinese First Antarctic Inland Expedition, has been measured for б18O and major ions. Based on these data, the features of the climate change in the investigated region in the past 250 years have first been studied. In the past 250 years, the change trend of climate in this region can be divided into two periods by the year 1860. Both the temperature and accumulation rate display increasing trend before 1860, while after 1860, the decreasing trend of the temperature is obvious but the change of the accumulation rate is not clear. Although both the temperature and the accumulation rate are increasing in the past 50 years, they are not the highest values in the past 250 years. So it is clear that the climate change in this region during this period does not reflect recent global wanning.

  10. Allegheny County Kane Regional Center Census

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Total number of residents in each Kane Regional Center facility by race and gender. The Kane Regional Centers are skilled nursing and rehabilitation centers run by...

  11. National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Survey 2010/2011 : Individual refuge results for Occoquan Bay and Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes the National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Survey for Occoquan Bay and Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuges and is part of the...

  12. Installation Scheme of Electrical Engineering of Shenguotou Commercial Center in Yangzhou City%扬州深国投商业中心电气工程安装方案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲春虎

    2014-01-01

    The quality of electrical engineering has great infl- uence on safety and using performance of large-scale shopping center. This article wil take Shenguotou commercial center in Yangzhou city as an example, briefly introduces the instalat- ion process of each system of electrical engineering in large shopping mals. The system is capable of running safety thro- ugh various technical methods.%电气工程质量的好坏,对大型商场的安全性能和使用性能有很大影响。本文就将以扬州市深国投商业中心为实例,简要介绍了大型商场电气工程中各系统的安装过程。通过采取各种技术方法,确保各系统能够安全正常地运行。

  13. Cities are at the Center of Our Environmental Future%城市:我们未来环境的核心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    萨斯基娅·萨森; 寇永霞; 唐权

    2011-01-01

    The global environmental challenge becomes tangible and urgent in cities. Thus, it is critical that we understand the capabilities of cities to transform what is today a negative environmental impact to a positive one. We must make cities pan of the solution. One point of entry to this question is to view cities as a type of socio-ecologieal system that has an expanding range of articulations with nature's ecologies. Today, most of these articulations produce environmental damage. How can we begin to use these articulations to produce positive outcomes -outcomes that allow cities to contribute to environmental sustainability? The complex systemic and multi-scalar capacities of cities provide massive potential for a broad range of positive articulations with nature' s ecologies.%全球环境的挑战正在城市中变得切实和紧迫.因此,理解城市在将现今对环境的负面影响转变为正面影响方面的能力,就非常关键.我们必须使城市成为应对这些挑战的一份子.时此,一个出发点是将城市看作一种与自然生态系统有着一系列广泛联系的社会一生态系统.当前,这些联系中的大部分产生了环境损害.我们如何能利用这些联系来产生积极的结果--这些结果能让城市贡献于环境的可持续?城市复杂的系统的和多重尺度的能力提供了其与自然生态系统建立一系列广泛积极联系的巨大潜能.

  14. Type specimens in the Port Elizabeth Museum, South Africa, including the historically important Albany Museum collection. Part 1: Amphibians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conradie, Werner; Branch, William R; Watson, Gillian

    2015-03-18

    The Port Elizabeth Museum houses the consolidated herpetological collections of three provincial museums of the Eastern Cape, South Africa: the Port Elizabeth Museum (Port Elizabeth), the Amatole (previously Kaffarian) Museum (King Williams Town), and the Albany Museum (Grahamstown). Under John Hewitt, Albany Museum was the main centre of herpetological research in South Africa from 1910-1940, and he described numerous new species, many based on material in the museum collection. The types and other material from the Albany Museum are now incorporated into the Port Elizabeth Museum Herpetology collection (PEM). Due to the vague typification of much of Hewitt's material, the loss of the original catalogues in a fire and the subsequent deterioration of specimen labels, the identification of this type material is often troublesome. Significant herpetological research has been undertaken at the PEM in the last 35 years, and the collection has grown to be the third largest in Africa. During this period, numerous additional types have been deposited in the PEM collection, generated by active taxonomic research in the museum. As a consequence, 43 different amphibian taxa are represented by 37 primary and 151 secondary type specimens in the collection. This catalogue provides the first documentation of these types. It provides the original name, the original publication date, journal number and pagination, reference to illustrations, current name, museum collection number, type locality, notes on the type status, and photographs of all holotypes and lectotypes. Where necessary to maintain nomenclatural stability, and where confused type series are housed in the PEM collection, lectotypes and paralectotypes are nominated.

  15. A Family Affair: The Marriage of Elizabeth Cady and Henry Brewster Stanton and the Development of Reform Politics

    OpenAIRE

    Frank, Linda Christine

    2012-01-01

    Although devoted to insuring universal freedom and human rights for more than 60 years, Henry B. Stanton's historical legacy and his many contributions to antebellum reform have been obscured and even vilified in the shadows of his famous wife, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and his oftentimes tactical opponent within abolition circles, William Lloyd Garrison. Frequently portrayed as the antagonist in his wife's struggle for women's rights, as a husband and a father Henry Stanton has become synonym...

  16. On the Personalities of Elizabeth and Darcy and the Transformation of Their Relationship in Pride and Prejudice through Cooperative Principle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕颖

    2016-01-01

    Conversation forms the basic pattern of communication among human beings. It not only conveys the content of exchange, but also suggests the personalities of speakers and reveals the relationship between speakers and hearers in an effective way. Analyzing conversation proves to be of considerable value to appreciate literature works. This paper aims to analyze the personalities of Elizabeth and Darcy and the transformation of their relationship in Pride and Prejudice from the perspective of cooperative principle.

  17. Image city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2003-01-01

    Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities.......Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities....

  18. Application of Computer Graphics in Design of Exhibition Center in Baigou New City%计算机效果图在白沟新城会展中心设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锋

    2015-01-01

    本文总结出国内外大型会展中心展览功能布局模式及特征,并以白沟新城会展中心设计为例,预测并研究了未来会展中心设计的趋势———多功能性和综合性,即展览中心的展览功能、商务会议功能、文化娱乐功能和商业(商业步行街)功能的有机组合,实现综合经济效益和社会效益最大化,从而最终实现会展中心可持续发展。%This paper summarizes the layout patterns and characteristics of domestic and foreign large-scale exhibition centers, and takes the Exhibition Center of Baigou New City as an example to predict and study future development trends of exhibition center design--multifunctional and comprehensive. That means the organic combination of the exhibition function with business meeting function, cultural entertainment and commercial (commercial pedestrian street) function for maximization of comprehensive economic benefits and social benefits, so as to realize the sustainable development of exhibition center.

  19. 911 Call Center (PSAP) Service Areas, 911 servive areas, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, CITY OF LAURINBURG.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This 911 Call Center (PSAP) Service Areas dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2008. It...

  20. Chasing Eliza: Shifting and Static Women in Elizabeth Craven's The Miniature Picture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heather A. Ladd

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Georgian actress and author Mary Robinson famously wore a miniature portrait of her royal lover, the Prince of Wales, whom she captivated in the Shakespearean breaches role of Perdita. Intriguingly, Robinson’s final stage appearance was as the cross-dressing heroine of The Miniature Picture (1781, a three-act comedy penned by writer and socialite Lady Elizabeth Craven, later Baroness Craven and Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach. The play’s action, initiated by the threat of exposure, is driven by Eliza Camply, who aims to retrieve her miniature from the man who left her. Craven, like the actress playing her enterprising protagonist Eliza Camply, was no stranger to celebrity and infamy. Craven’s preoccupation with image-management in this play aligns with the experiences and views she recorded in her travel narrative A Journey through the Crimea to Constantinople (1789, and her Memoirs (1826. This article reads The Miniature Picture as a generically fluid comedy about female objectification, the misuse of women’s bodies and images in practices of courtship and marriage, and in the celebrity culture the playwright negotiated throughout her life as an aristocratic woman embroiled in both sexual scandal and theatrical life.

  1. Determination of needs of black aged persons in Port Elizabeth: Direction for future interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. S. Ntshona

    1995-05-01

    Full Text Available Social, economic and health care needs of elderly black persons in Port Elizabeth and areas in its immediate vicinity are investigated. Conclusions are drawn from a sample study of 301 elderly people. The investigation reveals that the majority of pensioners are -women, their educational standard is below standard 10, and they have little vocational or specialized training. A high proportion (86% of them are breadwinners and therefore they are unwilling to reside in institutions. Recreational facilities are inadequate. Pension payout points are overcrowded and disorganized. Also health care services are inaccessible to most elderly people. In view of these findings, a community-based approach to care for the elderly is recommended. The approach should promote social interaction among elderly through establishment of luncheon clubs and service centres and well-being of all elderly through geriatric clinics as well as home care services for the infirm. This entails an intersectorial collaboration, with the elderly being fully involved and participating. Considering the exponential growth of the elderly population in South Africa, it is imperative that the government and other organizations should take cognizance of studies of this nature when making future decisions as regards the care of this group.

  2. Analysis of costs and scarce fuel savings associated with nine Eastern and North Central center city conversions to a district energy system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, A.A.; Santini, D.J.; Marder, S.M.; Bernow, S.S.

    1979-02-01

    This study considers the major urbanized areas of nine US cities to arrive at rough estimates of costs required to retrofit them with district energy systems (DES). Only those costs associated with heating and hot water are addressed here. Demand estimates and energy-supply analyses are made, and component capital costs are estimated to arrive at annualized system costs. Finally, a comparison of alternative energy-delivery options is made, and estimates of scarce-fuel savings are derived. 49 references, 20 figures, 14 tables.

  3. Practice of Exclusive Breast Feeding Program in 2013 at Puskesmas of Probolinggo City (A Case Study in Kedopok and Sukabumi of Health Center Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astridya Paramita

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Scientifi c research proves that babies tend to grow more healthy and intelligent with a given exclusive breastfeeding in the fi rst 6 months of life. The coverage of exclusive breastfeeding infants 0–5 months was fl uctuating. This study aimed to review the implementation of exclusive breastfeeding promotion program in Primary Health Care (PHC of Probolinggo City. Methods: Qualitative methods with purposive techniques informant selection was applied in this case study. The study was conducted at the Sukabumi and Kedopok PHC of Probolinggo City in 2013. Results: The results showed the weak management functions of programme in PHC and the less attention of Probolinggo Government related to the limited number of health worker n cost of health promotion activities . The success of exclusive breastfeeding Health Promotion Program is not only determined by the input component , but also creativity and active efforts of health promotion strategies as practiced in Sukabumi PHC. Recommendations: Optimization of monitoring and evaluation program exclusive breastfeeding in PHC from the Municipality/District Government, and his staff; strengthening the input component; and the implementation of advocacy, ”bina suasana”, empowerment and partnerships activities.

  4. Analysis of Causes and Treatment Measures of Traffic Congestion of Center Area in Longyan City%龙岩中心城区交通拥堵成因及治理措施分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈金荣

    2016-01-01

    为解决龙岩中心城区交通拥堵及改善交通环境,基于龙岩中心城区交通现状及各方面实际情况,深入分析龙岩中心城区交通拥堵成因,为找到相应的治理及改善措施提供依据。分析表明:交通基础设施及道路路网建设不完善;道路不通畅、通行能力低;宣传不到位、交通意识差等是交通拥堵的主要成因。鉴于此,提出了四个方面的治理措施:加强交通组织及管理、培养交通意识;完善路网建设;优化公交线路;加大人行过街设施及停车场的建设。%To solve the traffic congestion of center area in Longyan city and improve the traffic environment , based on the traffic situation and actual conditions of center area in Longyan city , the causes of traffic congestion of center area in Longyan city are deeply analyzed , and the basis of the corresponding treatment and improving measures are provided .Analysis shows that the major causes of traffic congestion are as follow:the traffic foundation and network construction of road is imcomplete;poor, low capacity;propaganda is not suitable , poor con-sciousness of traffic .In view of this , four treatment measures are put forward in this paper:strengthen the traffic organization and manage-ment, training traffic consciousness;improving the network construction of road;optimizing bus lines;increasing the construction of over-passes and subways for passersby and parking lot .

  5. Towards what kind of city?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Coletta

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The virtual city exists in “time” whereas the real city exists in “space”. The first one is an expression of our imagination, the second one of our ability to create. Time has articulated the images of cities as artisan philosophers, historians, artists, dreamers and even poets have given it to us. Space has generated cities which have been worked upon by geographers, geologists, surveyors, and finally urban planners. Space and time however live together in both cities, even if with alternating states of subordination. The culture of thinking, of decision making and of working is the unifying center of both the cities; it is the generating element both of the crises and the prosperity of the cities and it works towards an overcoming of the first and for the pursuit of the second (prosperity using the experience of the past for the making of a better future.

  6. KUNMING: The City of Spring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Kunming is the political, economic and cultural center of Yunnan province and the most popular center for tourism in Southwest China. Kunming enjoys a pleasant climate and does its best to live up to its title of "the City of Spring". Whenever you are planning to go, the temperature is always pleasant. With its convenient transport links in and out of the city, Kunming welcomes tens of thousands of tourists every day.

  7. Clean Cities Tools

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-12-19

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities offers a large collection of Web-based tools on the Alternative Fuels Data Center. These calculators, interactive maps, and data searches can assist fleets, fuels providers, and other transportation decision makers in their efforts to reduce petroleum use.

  8. 以人为本、凸显亲民的现代行政中心景观规划设计--以湘乡市行政中心景观规划设计为例%People Oriented Landscape Planning and Design of Modern Administrative Center--Taking the Landscape Planning and Design of Administrative Center of Xiangxiang City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄贵良

    2014-01-01

    如何营造出具有地域文化特色、生态型的行政中心景观,满足时代对行政中心开放、亲民、高效、廉洁的环境要求,是本文阐述的重点。文章结合湘乡市行政中心景观规划设计,力求在理论上较系统地对其进行阐述。%How to create the landscape of an administrative center with characteristics of regional culture and ecological protection to meet the required open, people first, efficient, clean environment is the focus of this article. Combining with the landscape planning and design of the administrative center in Xiangxiang city, the author strived to expound it in theory systematical y.

  9. Rats, cities, people, and pathogens: a systematic review and narrative synthesis of literature regarding the ecology of rat-associated zoonoses in urban centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Himsworth, Chelsea G; Parsons, Kirbee L; Jardine, Claire; Patrick, David M

    2013-06-01

    Urban Norway and black rats (Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus) are the source of a number of pathogens responsible for significant human morbidity and mortality in cities around the world. These pathogens include zoonotic bacteria (Leptospira interrogans, Yersina pestis, Rickettsia typhi, Bartonella spp., Streptobacillus moniliformis), viruses (Seoul hantavirus), and parasites (Angiostrongylus cantonensis). A more complete understanding of the ecology of these pathogens in people and rats is critical for determining the public health risks associated with urban rats and for developing strategies to monitor and mitigate those risks. Although the ecology of rat-associated zoonoses is complex, due to the multiple ways in which rats, people, pathogens, vectors, and the environment may interact, common determinants of human disease can still be identified. This review summarizes the ecology of zoonoses associated with urban rats with a view to identifying similarities, critical differences, and avenues for further study.

  10. Beer City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Shandong Province’s Qingdao is becoming China’s great beer city sicenically located on a peninsula over-looking the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao, |or Tsingtao, is a coastal city soaked in two kinds of foam. One floats in

  11. New aerogeophysical evidences of riftogenic crust over Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golynsky, Dmitry; Golynsky, Alexander; Kiselev, Alexander

    2014-05-01

    Analysis of radio-echosounding and RADARSAT mosaic data by Golynsky & Golynsky (2007) reveals at least 500 km long structure called the Gaussberg rift over the eastern part of Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica. This previously unknown continuous structure consists of two sub-parallel depressions separated by segmented horst-like escarpments that are largely hidden under the East Antarctic Ice Sheet. One of these segments is Mount Brown escarpment, which reaches a height of 1982 m. It was suggested that the rift was probably initiated at the same time as the Lambert graben, marked by the deposition of coal-bearing Permian sediment and probably inherited the tectonically weak zone of the Proterozoic igneous belt along its boundary with the Vestfold-Rauer Archean cratonic block. The Gaussberg rift may be considered as a hypothetical accommodation zone of the Carboniferous-Permian intracontinental rift along 4000 km of the West Australian and East Indian margins, which filled with thick Permian-Triassic sediment including alluvial coals (Harrowfield et al., 2005). Supposedly, the Gaussberg rift corresponds to the Mahanadi Valley of East India and the Lambert rift system has across-rift alignment with Godavari Valley. New Russian ice penetrating radar data collected in 2012-13 over western part of the suggested rift shows that in places the floor of the central depression is more than 1000 m below sea level. Horst and graben systems are heavily segmented by N-S running transverse lineaments that in addition clearly discernible in the RADARSAT data. New high-quality magnetic data show that severe changes in the magnetic fabric observed in vicinity, along strike and over borders of the structure are though to be due to the tectonic nature. Interruption of the long wavelength high-intensity magnetic anomaly belt associated with southern boundary of the Vestfold-Rauer cratonic block near the western depression can't be explained by a subglacial erosion, in our

  12. [Dr. Elizabeth Ross: heroine and victim of the World War I in Serbia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikić, Želimir; Lešić, Aleksandar

    2012-01-01

    At the beginning of 1915, several months after the World War I started, Serbia was in an extremely difficult situation.The country was war-ravaged, full of sick and wounded soldiers, there was a desperate shortage of doctors, nurses and other medical personnel, and the epidemic of typhus fever exploded and violently attacked the entire country. At that time, however, a number of both foreign allied medical missions and individual volunteers, from various countries, mostly from Great Britain, came to Serbia to help. Among them mostly were women, and they were of enormous support to Serbia in that grave situation. It is estimated that there were more than 600 foreign women volunteers in Serbia at that time and that 22 of them died there. Dr. Elizabeth Ross was one of those brave volunteers who came to Serbia early in 1915. That noble Scottish lady doctor was born in 1878 and finished her medical studies at the University of Glasgow in 1901. After graduation she worked in various places in Great Britain until 1909, when she went to Persia (Iran), where she worked until the beginning of the so called Great War. When she heard of the urgent need in Serbia she left Persia as soon as she could and volunteered to serve in Serbia. She came to Kragujevac at the beginning of January 1915, where she worked at the First Military Reserve Hospital, which at that time was actually a typhus hospital. Working there intensively and devotedly for several weeks under shocking conditions she contracted typhus herself and died there on her 37th birthday on February 14th, 1915. She was buried in Kragujevac, next to two British ladies who also died in Serbia of typhus. Her grave was restored in 1980 when the town of Kragujevac started holding commemorations at the graveside every February 14th at noon to honor her and all other brave and noble women who lost their lives helping Serbia at that unfortunate time.

  13. Relation between surface topography and sea-salt snow chemistry from Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Mahalinganathan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies on Antarctic snow have established an unambiguous correlation between variability of sea-salt records and site specific features like elevation and proximity to the sea. On the other hand, variations of Cl/Na+ ratios in snow have been attributed to the reaction mechanisms involving atmospheric acids. In the present study, the annual records of Na+, Cl and SO42− were investigated using snow cores along a 180 km coast to inland transect in Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica. Exceptionally high Na+ concentrations and large variations in Cl/Na+ ratios were observed up to 50 km (∼1100 m elevation of the transect. The steepest slope in the entire transect (49.3 m km−1 was between 20 and 30 km and the sea-salt records in snow from this area revealed extensive modifications, with Cl/Na+ ratios as low as 0.2. Statistical analysis showed a strong association between the slope and variations in Cl/Na+ ratios along the transect (r = −0.676, 99% confidence level. While distance from the coast accounted for some variability, the altitude by itself has no significant control over the sea-salt ion variability. However, the steep slopes influence the deposition of sea-salt aerosols in snow. The wind redistribution of snow due to the steep slopes on the coastal escarpment increases the concentration of Na+, resulting in a low Cl/Na+ ratios. We propose that the slope variations in the coastal regions of Antarctica could significantly influence the sea-salt chemistry of snow.

  14. Research on Pollution Control of Heating Boiler in Center City of Qiqihaer%齐齐哈尔市中心城区供热锅炉污染控制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古伟宏

    2013-01-01

    分析了齐齐哈尔市中心城区供热锅炉存在的环境问题,结合国务院《大气污染防治行动计划》和即将发布的《锅炉大气污染物排放标准》,提出了供热锅炉污染控制措施。%The paper analyses environmental problems of heating boiler in center city of Qiqihaer and puts for-ward pollution control measures of heating boiler on the basis of The State Council" Atmospheric pollution pre-vention and control action plan" and soon to be released “Emission standard of air pollutants for boiler”.

  15. Experience on the Complex Building Design of Taian City Welfare Center for Children%泰安市儿童福利院综合楼方案设计体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周欣

    2011-01-01

    随着城市的发展及社会对民生的关注,儿童福利设施在城市中起到不可忽视的作用,在此背景下,在原泰安市机械学校用地的的基础上进行土地资源整合,并充分结合、利用已建成的学生宿舍楼,规划设计1-6岁12个乳、幼儿教学、活动班级,180床位的宿舍,达到生活、学习、活动健身全方位的照料.%With the development of the city and the livelihood concerns of community.welfare center for childrenplays a significant role in the cily. In this context, Tai'an City integrated the land resources of the original machineschool, on this basis, and fully integrated and used the built student accommodation building, planed and designed 12 baby, child care teaching and activities class foR the children of 1-6 years old, dormitory with 180-bed, to care the living, learning, fitness.

  16. Factors Affecting Oral-Dental Health in Children in the Viewpoints of Mothers Referred to the Health Centers in Qom City: Using the Health Belief Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zabihollah Gharlipour

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background Many dental problems such as tooth decay starts from childhood. In this regard, attitudes and beliefs of mothers about oral-dental health are important. The aim of this study was to determine the factors affecting oral-dental health in children of the mothers who referred to the Qom health centers by using of the Health Belief Model. Materials and Methods This is cross-sectional descriptive analytic study that was performed among mothers who had Children's health dossier in the Qom health centers, Iran. By using of multi-stage sampling and sample size formula, 300 mothers were selected randomly from health assessment centers. Required data from target group were collected by the questionnaire about Health Belief Model in the field of oral health. The data were analyzed using SPSS -20. Results The results showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between the mothers' behavior towards oral-dental health with perceived benefits and self-efficacy (r=0.16, P

  17. City PLANTastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The city is going green. From New York to Copenhagen vegetables are enthusiastically planted on city squares, and buildings are turning green everywhere . The word “plant” is on everyone’s lips, reflecting a growing desire to solve ecological, technical and social challenges in the city. Hovever,...... and urbanism, who reflect upon the multiple roles of plants in the future city through their most recent projects. The theme for the 2012 World in Denmark conference is City PLANTastic, which will also be explored by researchers through their works....

  18. The establishment of the School of Public Health at the State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center: the first nationally accredited school of public health in a public university in New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imperato, Pascal James; LaRosa, Judith H; Kavaler, Florence; Benker, Karen; Schechter, Leslie

    2011-02-01

    Studies, College of Nursing, College of Health Related Professions, and the University Hospital of Brooklyn. From the very beginning of the planning phase for an MPH program and through the ultimate accreditation of the School of Public Health in 2010, broad participation was solicited from all major units in the medical center. Thus, the MPH program became a center-wide initiative and not merely that of the College of Medicine's Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health. This broad participation has been continuously maintained through the involvement of leaders of other medical center academic units and the University Hospital of Brooklyn in the program's and then the school's standing and ad hoc committees, and in other activities as well. Similarly, community representation has been maintained, some through formal linkages relevant to the practical field experiences required of all students. In October 2010, the Board of Councilors of CEPH accredited the SUNY Downstate School of Public Health for a 5-year period through 31 December 2015. The accreditation of the school was a major milestone for Downstate, Brooklyn, and New York City. The SUNY Downstate School of Public Health is the first CEPH accredited school of public health in the history of Brooklyn, and only the second such school in New York City. It is also the first CEPH accredited school of public health at a publicly supported university in New York City. The school has already had a major impact on improving the health and well-being of the people of Brooklyn through its numerous collaborative community-based health promotion and disease prevention programs.

  19. Study on current situation of nursing human resources in community health service centers of Kunming City%昆明市社区卫生服务中心护理人力资源现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢蓉; 姜润生; 黄丽; 徐正英; 沈海文; 张杪

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查昆明市社区卫生服务中心护理人力资源现状.方法 采用自设问卷对昆明市11所社区卫生服务中心的109名社区护士进行调查.结果 社区护理队伍结构不合理,社区护士绩效考核体系不健全,缺乏科学有效的激励措施.结论应重视社区护理,调整队伍结构,建立健全管理体质,加快人才培养步伐.%Objective To investigate the current situation of nursing human resources of community health service centers of Kunming city.Methods A self-designed questionnaire was performed among 109 nurses of 11 community health services centers in Kunming.Results Structure of community nursing team was found unreasonable and the management system of human resources was not well organized.The scientific and effective intentive measures was lack.Conclusion It is suggested to pay more attention to the community nursing services in order to adjust the structure of community nursing team,pefect the management system and speed up the pace of personnel training.

  20. Sedimentary Environments and Processes in the Vicinity of Quicks Hole, Elizabeth Islands, Massachusetts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poppe, L. J.; Ackerman, S. D.; Moser, M. S.; Stewart, H. F.; Foster, D. S.; Blackwood, D. S.; Butman, B.

    2007-05-01

    Continuous-coverage multibeam bathymetric models and sidescan sonar imagery, verified with bottom sampling and photography, provide 1) detailed basemaps that yield topographic and geological perspectives of the sea floor, 2) a fundamental framework for research and management activities, and 3) information on sedimentary environments and processes. Interpretations presented here are based on NOAA hydrographic survey H11076 that covers approximately 23 sq. km around Quicks Hole, a major passage through the Elizabeth Islands chain, offshore southeastern Massachusetts. Bouldery gravels overgrown with seaweed and sessile fauna dominate the sea floor in Quicks Hole, along shorelines, and on isolated bathymetric highs. These deposits, which reflect environments of erosion and nondeposition, are winnowed lags of till from the exposed Buzzards Bay moraine. The sea floor south of the Hole in Vineyard Sound is characterized by environments associated with coarse bedload transport and covered with transverse and barchanoid sand waves. Transverse waves exceed 7 m in amplitude, have slip faces predominantly oriented to the west and southwest, and have straight, slightly sinuous, or curved crests. Megaripples, which mimic asymmetry of the transverse waves but not necessarily their orientation, are commonly present on stoss slopes; current ripples are ubiquitous. These smaller bedforms suggest that transport is active and that sand waves are propagating under the present hydraulic regime. Net sediment transport is primarily to the west and southwest as evidenced by comparisons with data from an earlier hydrographic survey, orientation of barchanoid waves, and asymmetry of transverse waves and of scour marks around boulders and shipwrecks. The sea floor across the northern part of the study area in Buzzards Bay and away from the opening to Quicks Hole is more protected from wind- and tidally-driven currents. Environments here are primarily characterized by processes associated

  1. Climatic variability in Princess Elizabeth Land (East Antarctica) over the last 350 years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekaykin, Alexey A.; Vladimirova, Diana O.; Lipenkov, Vladimir Y.; Masson-Delmotte, Valérie

    2017-01-01

    We use isotopic composition (δD) data from six sites in Princess Elizabeth Land (PEL) in order to reconstruct air temperature variability in this sector of East Antarctica over the last 350 years. First, we use the present-day instrumental mean annual surface air temperature data to demonstrate that the studied region (between Russia's Progress, Vostok and Mirny research stations) is characterized by uniform temperature variability. We thus construct a stacked record of the temperature anomaly for the whole sector for the period of 1958-2015. A comparison of this series with the Southern Hemisphere climatic indices shows that the short-term inter-annual temperature variability is primarily governed by the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) and Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) modes of atmospheric variability. However, the low-frequency temperature variability (with period > 27 years) is mainly related to the anomalies of the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) mode. We then construct a stacked record of δD for the PEL for the period of 1654-2009 from individual normalized and filtered isotopic records obtained at six different sites (PEL2016 stacked record). We use a linear regression of this record and the stacked PEL temperature record (with an apparent slope of 9 ± 5.4 ‰ °C-1) to convert PEL2016 into a temperature scale. Analysis of PEL2016 shows a 1 ± 0.6 °C warming in this region over the last 3 centuries, with a particularly cold period from the mid-18th to the mid-19th century. A peak of cooling occurred in the 1840s - a feature previously observed in other Antarctic records. We reveal that PEL2016 correlates with a low-frequency component of IOD and suggest that the IOD mode influences the Antarctic climate by modulating the activity of cyclones that bring heat and moisture to Antarctica. We also compare PEL2016 with other Antarctic stacked isotopic records. This work is a contribution to the PAGES (Past Global Changes) and IPICS (International Partnerships in

  2. The Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy and Its Relationship with Microalbuminuria in Type2 Diabetic Patients at Diabetes Center of Hamadan City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Eslami

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases in western developed countries and developing countries, whose prevalence is increasing worldwide. One of the vascular complications of diabetes is diabetic retinopathy. Given the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and its complications in patients with type 2 diabetes, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of retinopathy in diabetic patients and to determine the relationship between microalbuminuria and retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes in Hamadan. Materials & Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study in which 284 medical records of patients referred to the Diabetes Center of Hamadan were studied whose eye examinations were recorded and their laboratory tests have been measured at a laboratory center. Then, the data obtained from the average of experiments during the last year and examinations carried out were entered in the check list and the statistical results of the data were analyzed and the relationship between microalbuminuria and retinopathy was evaluated. Results: In our study, 284 patients were studied. 154 (54.22% of the patients in our study had retinopathy. In persons who had retinopathy, 36.36% of patients were with mild NPDR, 27.92% with moderate NPDR, 7.79% with severe NPDR and 27.92% had PDR. In our study, 32.04% of patients had microalbuminuria, and of these, 80.21% also had retinopathy. There was a significant relationship between retinopathy and microalbuminuria. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the prevalence of retinopathy in our study is about 54 percent, which is relatively a higher prevalence than that in other similar studies. Also, due to the strong correlation between the presence of microalbuminuria and retinopathy and also duration of diabetes, a closer look at diabetic patients for microalbuminuria in periodic eye examinations is recommended. Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci . 2016

  3. Remote Sensing Training for Middle School through the Center of Excellence in Remote Sensing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayden, L. B.; Johnson, D.; Baltrop, J.

    2012-12-01

    students were able to understand the function of a GPS, how to analyze and comprehend longitude and latitude points, and the importance of GPS devices in real world applications. This paper describes in detail the methodology for organizing a learning environment where participants were able to compile, organize and analyze data, collaborate in a team environment, utilize the scientific method to draw conclusions based on the research they obtained. Various resources and training activities were developed to cultivate student participants' skill set. Students were presented with a problem where they had to develop a hypothesis or scientific question. After clearly defining the problem, it was necessary for the middle school participants to determine the data needed to complete an analysis and ascertain where that data can be found or generated. The training and events held for the CReSIS Middle School Program were proven successful for both these inquiring middle school students at Elizabeth City Middle School, River Road Middle School and the STEM representatives from Elizabeth City State University.Too often, students who live in rural communities or face economic disadvantages often miss out on getting access to important technology. Developing an interest in the STEM fields by a few students' would be considered a total success for the city, community, country, and world.

  4. An investigation of sea ice motion and fluxes within the Prince Gustaf Adolf Sea, Queen Elizabeth Islands, Canada, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohlleben, T.; Howell, S.; Agnew, T.; Komarov, A. S.

    2011-12-01

    In this study, the sea ice flux events that occurred through the Prince Gustaf Adolf Sea flux gate into the Queen Elizabeth Islands (QEI) over the 2010 season are investigated in detail. In the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, multi-year ice (MYI) exports and in situ summer melt are primarily balanced by MYI influx events into QEI during the brief period each year when ice exchanges freely between the Arctic Ocean and the QEI reservoir. Here, data from two Canadian Ice Service satellite tracking beacons that drifted through the Gustaf flux gate in 2010, along with atmospheric sea level pressure and wind data, are compared to ice drift velocities derived from RADARSAT imagery using a new sea ice tracking system. It is demonstrated in this study that the annual average ice drifts implied by the fluxes reported in previous works underestimate the basic current-driven flow of sea ice across the Prince Gustaf Adolf Sea gate (as determined from Radarsat imagery during periods of no wind). It is further established that ice drifts (and hence ice fluxes) through the Gustaf flux gate vary spatially, with velocities on the eastern side in 2010 being consistently greater than those on the western side by a factor of ~2. These results reveal the potential of using Radarsat-derived ice motion to expand upon and improve the limited data on ocean currents within the Queen Elizabeth Islands, as well as to refine estimates of ice flux magnitudes and spatial patterns in this area.

  5. Evaluating Impact Of Communication Skills Training On Level Of Job Stress Among Nursing Personnel Working At Rehabilitation Centers In Cities: Ray- Tehran- Shemiranat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sh. Rhezaii

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Today, work related stress has become a common and costly problem in work places that most of studies in the last 30 decades have engaged in this problem. Several reports indicate that the occupations such as nursing which have high psychological job demands and low decision latitude are very stressful. This stress can cause harmful physical and psychological effects on nurses’ health. On the other hand, job stress may result in high rates of injury, tardiness and absenteeism at work place and reduced productivity and organizational commitment leading to low quality of nursing care. Numerous studies suggested that learning new activities and skills such as communication skills is one of the best strategies against job stress .The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of communication Skills training in reducing work stress level among nursing personnel in rehabilitation centers. Materials and Methods: The quasi- experimental design was conducted. A sample of 48 nursing personnel participated in the study. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two experimental or control groups. Subjects in experimental group participated in a 7- hour’s workshop, all subjects were pre and post tested (one month later for job stress and communication skills with the Karasek’s Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ and communication skills test. Results: Results revealed the following: (1 subjects in both groups after pretest were the middle level of stress and communication skills. (2 After training the experimental group scored higher on the rating of communication skills than control group and had successfully maintained their improvements for 4 weeks. (3 After training the experimental group showed lower level of stress than control group and had successfully maintained their improvements for 4 weeks. Conclusion: As a result of this research communication skills training could reduce level of stress among nursing personnel

  6. Sin City?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svarer, Michael; Gautier, Pieter A.; Teulings, Coen n.

    s moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? We investigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners by moving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danish couples. We find that of the couples who married in the city......, the ones who stay in the city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who married outside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. This correlation can be explained by both a causal and a sorting effect. We disentangle them by using the timing...

  7. Eating Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg; Fisker, Anna Marie; Clausen, Katja Seerup

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzed the development of a city based sustainable food strategy for the city of Aalborg. It’s based on 3 cases of food service: food for the elderly as operated by the Municipality, food the hospital patients as operated by the region and food for defense staff as operated by the st......This paper analyzed the development of a city based sustainable food strategy for the city of Aalborg. It’s based on 3 cases of food service: food for the elderly as operated by the Municipality, food the hospital patients as operated by the region and food for defense staff as operated...

  8. Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections in At-Risk Adolescent Females at a Comprehensive, Stand-Alone Adolescent Health Center in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yavorsky, Risa L.; Hollman, Dominic; Steever, John; Soghomonian, Christine; Diaz, Angela; Strickler, Howard; Schlecht, Nicolas; Burk, Robert D.; Ochner, Christopher N.

    2014-01-01

    Background Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are common among adolescents, and multiple STIs over one’s lifetime can increase health risks. Few studies have assessed lifetime STI prevalence. This study evaluates minority, underserved adolescents’ self-reported lifetime STI history and objective STI rates. Methods Lifetime STI rates of female patients at an urban adolescent health center were obtained from self-administered questionnaires. Additionally, STI test results were retrieved from electronic medical records. Results Patients reported a high lifetime prevalence of STIs. By comparing self-report and objective data, underreporting was identified for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and herpes. Conclusions STI rates in at-risk adolescent females are higher than in the general population and remain elevated over time. Lifetime STI reports could expand our understanding of sexual health and should be further studied. Underreporting, which may increase health risks and hinder health care delivery, requires further investigation. Improvements in STI screening and prevention targeting at-risk populations are warranted. PMID:24807980

  9. A Study on the Development Mode of Producer Services in Regional Deputy Center City%区域副中心城市发展生产性服务业的机理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓科

    2013-01-01

    宝鸡作为关中-天水经济区副中心城市,具有雄厚的工业发展基础,当前正处产业结构转型升级的关键时期,首先,西安同质第二产业向宝鸡转移,就要求宝鸡积极发展生产性服务业,实现整合后的本地制造业与生产性服务业融合互动发展;另一方面,宝鸡应该角色转换,扮演西安生产性服务业服务供给的增压辐射角色,从而最终实现副中心城市和中心城市生产性服务业发展的衔接,进而完成区域生产性服务业服务供给的专业化全覆盖。%Baoji is the deputy central city of Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone,which has strong foundation for industrial development.Currently it's a critical period that industries are restruc-turing and upgrading.On the one hand,homogenous industries in Xi'an are being transferred to Baoji, which requires the latter to actively develop producer services and achieve interactive development with manufacturing sector.On the other hand,Baoj i should actively play a pressurized and radiated role to supply producer Services for Xi'an and ultimately promote connections between producer serv-ices in the deputy central city and the urban center,and complete service supply by full coverage with high specialization in Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone.

  10. 911 Call Center (PSAP) Service Areas, We have two 911 call centers. Police dispatch services inside the city limits of Emporia. Sheriff dispatch serves the rest of Lyon County., Published in 2010, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This 911 Call Center (PSAP) Service Areas dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of...

  11. 76 FR 77769 - Foreign-Trade Zone 49-Newark/Elizabeth, NJ; Application for Expansion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-14

    ... (145 acres) and adjacent 53-acre Greenville Industrial Park on Upper New York Bay's Port Jersey Channel in Bayonne and Jersey City; Site 5 (40 acres)--Newark International Airport jet fuel storage and... copy of the application will be available for public inspection at the Office of the...

  12. GIS-based spatial distribution rationality evaluation of city emergency centers%基于GIS的城区急救中心空间分布合理性评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新秀; 程耀东; 张志华

    2014-01-01

    Optimal location and site distribution rationality evaluation of the 120 Emergency Centers are of great significance to the formulation of emergency treatment plan and rational allocation of urban public service facilities. Taking Chengguan District of Lanzhou City as the research area, this paper employs GIS spatial analysis method and the software ARCGIS to carry out buffer analysis and overlay analysis of the main medical sites and the main line of the Chengguan District, and thus to get service coverage areas. The medical emergency service coverage and service level classification map of the Chengguan District of Lanzhou City can be got by grading the coverage areas according to the classification requirement, visually displaying the service level of every area. The results show that medical emergency site distribution of Chengguan District is too concentrated, basically concentrated in urban center, site distribution is not reasonable enough, and there are a lot of overlapping areas and a certain blind zone of service.%120急救中心的优化选址和站点分布合理性评价,对应急处理方案制定和城市公共服务设施合理布局具有重要的现实意义。以兰州市城关区为研究区域,采用GIS空间分析方法和ARCGIS软件对城关区主要医疗站点和交通主干道进行缓冲区分析和叠置分析形成服务覆盖区。根据分级要求对覆盖区进行分级,得到城关区医疗急救服务覆盖及服务等级分等定级图,直观地显示各区域的服务等级。研究结果显示兰州市城关区医疗急救站点分布过于集中,基本集中在市区中心,其站点分布不够合理,存在大量服务重叠区和一定区域的服务盲区。

  13. Atypical Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiJulio, Betsy

    2011-01-01

    In this creative challenge, Surrealism and one-point perspective combine to produce images that not only go "beyond the real" but also beyond the ubiquitous "imaginary city" assignment often used to teach one-point perspective. Perhaps the difference is that in the "atypical cities challenge," an understanding of one-point perspective is a means…

  14. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    experiments are taking place in ‘the instant city’, and how can it be characterized? It also emphasizes the relation between city life, urban design, and the aesthetics of architecture and urban spaces. The question here is, in what way architecture and urban scenography are used as tools to support the goal...... of an experimental and social en- gaged city environment? The analysis shows that the specific city life at the instant city, Roskilde Festival, can be characterized by being ‘open minded’, ‘playful’ and ‘inclusive’, but also by ‘a culture of laughter’ that penetrates the aesthetics and the urban scenography.......This article analyses Roskilde Festival as an Instant City. For more than 40 years, Roskilde Festival has had many thousands participants for a weeklong festival on music, performances and cultural experiences in a layout designed as an urban environment. During the last ten years, in- creasing...

  15. On Matrimony Diplomacy during Elizabeth I%论伊丽莎白一世时期的联姻外交

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁广雪; 张士昌

    2012-01-01

      Facing severely domestic and international situation, Elizabeth abandoned the traditional foreign policy and adopted the diplomacy of balance of power, in which the marriage negotiation was applied as an instrument of diplomacy policy, in the beginning of Elizabeth I ascending the throne. In the first decade of Elizabeth's domination, France is the main club to the United Kingdom, so Elizabeth has adopted the policy of combining Spain to restrain France. When Spain became a British enemy, the British turned to the matrimony diplomacy of the West of combining France to control Spain.%  面临着严峻的国内外形势,伊丽莎白一世即位之初即抛弃了传统的外交政策,采取均势外交,其中婚姻谈判作为一种外交政策加以应用。在伊丽莎白统治前十年,法国是其主要威胁之时,英国采取联西抑法的政策,而当西班牙成为英国的敌人之际,英国则转向联法制西的联姻外交政策。

  16. Unrecognized circulation of SAT 1 foot-and-mouth disease virus in cattle herds around Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dhikusooka, Moses Tefula; Ayebazibwe, Chrisostom; Namatovu, Alice

    2016-01-01

    understand the epidemiology of FMD at the livestock-wildlife-interface, samples were collected from young, unvaccinated cattle from 24 pastoral herds that closely interact with wildlife around Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda, and analysed for evidence of FMDV infection. In total, 37 (15 %) of 247...

  17. Ethics at War: Review of Elizabeth Scannell-Desch and Mary Ellen Doherty, Nurses in War: Voices from Iraq and Afghanistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gillespie, Leigh-Anne

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In Nurses in War: Voices from Iraq and Afghanistan, Elizabeth Scannell-Desch and Mary Ellen Doherty take a journey through the lived experiences of 37 United States military nurses who served in Iraq or Afghanistan during the war years 2003 through 2010.

  18. A Functional Stylistic Analysis of Dialogues between Elizabeth and Dar⁃cy—Taking a Chinese Translated Version as a Case Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽祥

    2012-01-01

      The paper tries applying the functional stylistic analysis to translation of Pride and Prejudice in terms of stylistic fea⁃tures being converted into Chinese. Through analyzing some of the dialogues between Elizabeth and Darcy, the paper testifies that it is of high validity and necessity to apply FS to literary translation.

  19. Bringing Froebel into London's Infant Schools: The Reforming Practice of Two Head Teachers, Elizabeth Shaw and Frances Roe, from the 1890s to the 1930s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, Jane

    2013-01-01

    This article explores how infant school reform took hold in London's schools from the 1890s to the 1930s through examination of the work of two Froebelian head teachers, Elizabeth Mary Shaw and Frances Emily Roe. In contrast to teacher-led rote-learning methods and rigid discipline they implemented play-based activities drawing on children's…

  20. Trouble dans la guerre : The Heat of the Day d’Elizabeth Bowen, un roman d’espionnage au féminin Gendered Double: Elizabeth Bowen’s The Heat of the Day, a Decentred Spy Story

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Céline Magot

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The Second World War saw a radicalisation of gendered and social identities. In many ways, Elizabeth Bowen’s novel, The Heat of the Day renders the rising tensions of the period and reflects stereotypical visions of women as conveyed by male characters. But what may, at first, seem to be a conventional wartime spy novel in fact turns out to be a decentred version of the genre: by placing female characters at the centre of the plot, the traditional characteristics of the spy story become, in turn, feminised. The thematic and formal transformations are accentuated by laying the London plot side by side with the peace-land of a conservative Anglo-Irish world.

  1. Claudette Fillard, Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Naissance du féminisme américain à Seneca Falls, Lyon, ENS Editions, 2009Lori D. Ginzberg, Elizabeth Cady Stanton: An American Life, New York, Hill and Wang, 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Quanquin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available « I am in favor of universal suffrage—indeed, I do not know that I should be permitted to live in my own house if I were not. ». C’est ainsi que Henry B. Stanton présente en 1866, lors de la 26e réunion annuelle de la Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society, sa position sur le suffrage universel qui agite alors les organisations abolitionnistes. En effet, si Stanton est un abolitionniste et un homme politique connu à l’époque, sa femme, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, l’a depuis plusieurs années dépassé en...

  2. Claudette Fillard, Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Naissance du féminisme américain à Seneca Falls, Lyon, ENS Editions, 2009Lori D. Ginzberg, Elizabeth Cady Stanton: An American Life, New York, Hill and Wang, 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Hélène Quanquin

    2011-01-01

    « I am in favor of universal suffrage—indeed, I do not know that I should be permitted to live in my own house if I were not. ». C’est ainsi que Henry B. Stanton présente en 1866, lors de la 26e réunion annuelle de la Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society, sa position sur le suffrage universel qui agite alors les organisations abolitionnistes. En effet, si Stanton est un abolitionniste et un homme politique connu à l’époque, sa femme, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, l’a depuis plusieurs années dépassé en...

  3. 区域性数字化教育资源中心建设研究--以珠海市为例%Study on the Construction of Regional Digital Education Resource Center-- A case study of Zhuhai city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玲

    2014-01-01

    In the process of deepening the construction of learning -type City of Zhuhai, relying on community college construction of lifelong education system in Zhuhai, by integrating the educational resources, it is a strategic development target for Zhuhai education information to achieve integration of academic education and the integration of non-diploma education. Based on the analysis of the present situation of the construction of digital educational resources in Zhuhai, on the basis of Zhuhai education resources construction in the plight of around regional digitized education resource center progressive service oriented management thinking, as well as the characteristics of the region and culture, this paper explored the application mode of digital education resource center.%在深化珠海学习型城市的建设过程中,依托珠海社区大学构建终身教育体系,整合教育资源以实现学历教育与非学历教育的一体化融合已成为珠海教育信息化的战略发展目标。本文在对珠海目前数字化教育资源建设的现状分析的基础上,针对面临的困境,围绕区域性数字化教育资源中心逐步面向服务的管理方式展开思考,结合本地区特色,对区域性数字化教育资源中心的应用模式进行了探索。

  4. Discussion on the Metal Roof Construction Technology of City Sports Center Project in Jiaozhou%浅谈胶州市体育中心工程金属屋面施工工艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和晓敏

    2014-01-01

    The house panel of city sports center project in Jia-ozhou uses the primary hammer aluminum, magnesium, mang-anese al oy plate, the layer is standing seam waterproofing sy-stem, does not need to penetrate the surface, from the principle to solve the leakage, wind resistance, deformation resistance and corrosion problems, in addition with the special y designed support fixed alloy plate, heat preservation and heat insulation effect of the long fiber glass wool, rock wool double-layer un-der alloy plate is good. By the qualification unit testing, the pe-rformance of the roofing system can meet the requirements of relevant standards.%胶州市体育中心工程屋面板采用原色锤纹铝、镁、锰合金板,该层为直立锁边防水系统,不需穿透板面,从原理上解决了渗漏、抗风压、抗变形及防腐的问题,另外采用特别设计支撑固定合金板,合金板下的长纤维玻璃棉、岩棉双层保温隔热的效果良好。经有资质单位检测,本工程屋面系统的各项性能均满足相关规范的要求。

  5. INCREASING RETURN TO SMART CITIES

    OpenAIRE

    Lööf, Hans; Nabavi, Pardis

    2012-01-01

    Increased urbanization, global warming and sustainable growth belong to the major contemporary policy challenges. Today cities are home to more than 50% of the world population, the largest 600 urban centers generate about 60% of global GDP, and the agglomerated areas are responsible for 75% of world carbon emissions. The UN estimates that 70% of the world's growing population will live in cities by 2050. At the same time the world population is expected to increase from 7 billion people to 9...

  6. Mansfield Park Comes to Life: Teaching and Staging Elizabeth Inchbald’s Lovers’ Vows in an Austen Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misty Krueger

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay discusses how I incorporated readers theatre into a senior seminar on Jane Austen and her contemporaries. The article recounts how my students read Elizabeth Inchbald’s 1798 drama, Lovers’ Vows, and Austen’s 1814 novel, Mansfield Park, and then were inspired at the end of the seminar to take part in a readers theatre production of the play. In order to set up this pedagogical example, the essay addresses the theatrical episode of Mansfield Park, the controversies surrounding Lovers’ Vows, and the ways in which I edited the play and prepared students to create a “little theatre”—to quote Austen character, Tom Bertram—at my university and become their own version of The Mansfield Players. The essay concludes by explaining what students can learn about drama and the novel by partaking in such an exercise.

  7. City Streets

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set contains roadway centerlines for city streets found on the USGS 1:24,000 mapping series. In some areas, these roadways are current through the 2000...

  8. Symmetry distribution of cities in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The authors of this paper induced five principles of geographical symmetry based on the space distributions of cities and towns in China. There is a symmetry distribution of cities and towns. The symmetry characteristics are the following: (i) the average coordination number of the cities (including large cities, medium cities and county towns) is 6 ( i.g. rotation symmetry); (ii) the distribution of large and medium cities are shown to be the latticework in which two directions are parallel to two main tectonic ones in China, respectively; (iii) the distribution of county towns of a province is also shown to be the latticework in which two directions are parallel to two tectonic ones in this province (i. g. two-dimensional translation ) and (iv) the concentric circle distribution of cities (CCDC) is centered round a large city (i. g. rotation symmetry).

  9. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbelin, Bruno; Lasserre, Sebastien; Ciger, Jan

    2008-01-01

    Flying Cities is an artistic installation which generates imaginary cities from the speech of its visitors. Thanks to an original interactive process analyzing people's vocal input to create 3D graphics, a tangible correspondence between speech and visuals opens new possibilities of interaction. ...... and a potential application. We believe that it could become a new medium for creativity, and a way to visually perceive a vocal performance in the context of the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or language impairments....

  10. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    Batty, M.

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  11. 广州中心城区公园绿地空间格局及可达性分析%Spatial pattern and accessibility of urban park greenland in center of Guangzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡彦庭; 文雅; 程炯; 魏建兵

    2011-01-01

    Urban park greenland is one of typical green open space. It is very important for the maintenance of urban ecological security and human health. Spatial pattern and accessibility of urban park greenland will directly affect service quality for city dwellers. In this paper, the features of spatial pattern, accessibility and its relationship with service level are analyzed in the center of Guangzhou city by using GIS with landscape indexes. The results show that: 1) Municipal park account for 84.71%of total area of urban parks in center of Guangzhou. Its contagion index is 92.44. The landscape type and spatial pattern of urban park greenland are less reasonable. 2) Based GIS network analysis, only 22.35%of the study area and 44.67%of residents can easily access urban park greenland. The accessibility of park greenland and its service quality of Guangzhou centre area are not good enough. 3) The number and distribution are important factors influencing the accessibility and service quality of urban park greenland.%公园绿地是城市中一类典型的开敞空间,对维护城市生态与人居环境健康具有重要意义,其空间布局的合理性与可达性直接影响其对城市居民的服务水平.以广州中心城区为例,借助GIS技术和景观格局指数,分析城市公园绿地景观格局、可达性和服务状况,并探讨城市公园绿地空间格局对其可达性影响.结果表明:①市级公园其面积占公园绿地总面积的84.71%,城市公园绿地聚集度为92.44,广州中心城区公园绿地景观类型和空间格局不尽合理;②网络分析表明研究区仅有22.35%的面积和44.67%的人口能够较便捷地到达邻近公园绿地,广州中心城区公园绿地的可达性和服务效果不理想;③城市公园绿地数量与空间格局是影响其可达性与服务水平的重要因子.

  12. 文化复兴:邯郸市中心城区有形文化规划建设策略%Cultural Renaissance:The Planning And Construction Of The Tangible Culture In The Center City Of Handan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘峻源; 洪再生; 刘立钧

    2015-01-01

    Based on the requirements of cultural renaissance during the period of new urbanization and licking into shape characteristic culture, the paper explains the tangible culture, and takes the center city of Handan as an example, analyzes the facility situation about cultural landscape and infrastructure, proposes the main plan strategies about cultural landscape, cultural infrastructure, and public space. This research wil ofer some reference to the cultural renaissance work under the new urbanization.%基于塑造城市特色文化和新型城镇化发展时期文化复兴的要求,文章对有形文化的内涵进行了简要阐述,并以邯郸市中心城区为例,对其文化景观设施和文化基础设施建设现状问题进行了分析,从城市文化景观设施规划、城市文化基础设施规划和城市公共开敞空间布局三个方面提出了有形文化建设的主要策略,以期为我国新型城镇化背景下文化复兴战略的探索提供可供参考的经验。

  13. Polychlorinated biphenyls in settled dust from informal electronic waste recycling workshops and nearby highways in urban centers and suburban industrial roadsides of Chennai city, India: Levels, congener profiles and exposure assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakraborty, Paromita; Prithiviraj, Balasubramanian; Selvaraj, Sakthivel; Kumar, Bhupander

    2016-12-15

    Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were quantified in settled dust collected from informal electronic waste (e-waste) recycling workshops and nearby highways in the urban centers and roadside dust from the suburban industrial belt of Chennai city in India. Further dust samples were subjected to a high resolution field emission scanning electron microscope equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (FESEM/EDX) to characterize the shape, size and elemental composition of the dust particles. Geomean of total PCB concentration followed the following order: informal e-waste metal recovery workshops (53ngg(-1))>e-waste dismantling sites (3.6ngg(-1))>nearby highways (1.7ngg(-1))>suburban industrial roadsides (1.6ngg(-1)). In e-waste workshops, tetra, penta and hexa-PCB homologs contributed two third of Σ26PCB concentration. Informal e-waste recycling workshops contributed more than 80% concentration of all the PCB congeners loaded in the first principal component. Predominance of dioxin like PCBs, PCB-l14, -118 and -126 in the e-waste metal recovery sites were presumably due to combustion and pyrolytic processes performed during recycling of electrical components. According to the morphology and elemental composition, settled dust from e-waste workshops were irregular particles heavily embedded with toxic metals and industrial roadside dust were distinct angular particles. FESEM revealed that average particle size (in Ferret diameter) increased in the following order: e-waste recycling workshops (0.5μm)

  14. Practice of Performance Appraisal in Wangyuehu Community Health Service Center of Yuelu District in Changsha City%某社区卫生服务中心绩效考核的实践探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳树立

    2011-01-01

    目的 对长沙市岳麓区望月湖社区卫生服务中心绩效考核的实践过程进行分析,探讨如何调动基层医务人员参与社区公共卫生服务的积极性.方法 发放"社区居民健康消费卡",利用信息化系统进行监督、管理及绩效考核.结果 公共卫生服务的数量和质量大幅度提高;社区居民满意度越来越高;中心服务人次从日均30人左右,提高至日均200人左右.结论 发放"社区居民健康消费卡",实现公共卫生服务经费"先给数,后给钱;先分发,后回收",全过程利用进行监督、管理及绩效考核,成功调动了基层医务人员参与公共卫生服务的积极性.%Objective To analyze the practice process of performance appraisal in Wangyuehu Community Health Service Center of Yuelu District in Changsha City, and investigate how to mobilize the initiative of the grass - root medical staff to participate in community public health services. Methods The " community health of residents spending cards" were issued,and the work on supervision, management and performance approval was carried out by using the information systems. Results The quantity and quality of public health services greatly were improved, satisfaction of community residents had been increased constantly, the person times of the center services were increased from 30 or so daily to average of 200 daily. Conclusion by issue of " community health of residents spending cards" the public health service funds gets the condition of " amount first and money second; distribution first and callback second". In the whole process, by using " community health service in operation and performance appraisal systems" , supervision, management and performance approval are carried out, which achieves successful mobilization of the grass - root medical staff's enthusiasm for public health services.

  15. 省域副中心城市条件下宜昌市外语培训产业现状分析%Analysis on the Current Situation of Yichang' Foreign Language Training Industry According to Sub-center City Condition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武端理; 陈刚

    2012-01-01

    本文基于省域副中心城市的定位,跨区域的发展前景和其它城市的发展状况,分析了宜昌外语培训产业的现状,主要涉及办学条件,办学内容,师资和市场运作,以期为该市外语培训产业健康发展和省域副中心城市建设提供参考。%This paper analyzed the current situation of Yichang's foreign language training industry according to the sub-center city condition,cross-regional prospect and similar cutis's experience,mainly focusing on the market supervision,teaching content,qualified teachers and market operation for the healthy development and the construction sub-center city in Hubei.

  16. Hip Resurfacing. An Experience in Livingstone Hospital, Port Elizabeth, South Africa. From January 2004 to January 2006. Resuperficialización de cadera. Experiencia en el Hospital Livingstone. Port Elizabeth. Sudáfrica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara Elizabeth Morales Perez

    Full Text Available Background. Hip resurfacing in youngest patients with osteoarthritis is a very outstanding surgical technique which offer excellent results compare with a traditional Total Hip Replacement. Objective. To describe the evolution of the patients with osteoarthritis of the hip treated with the surgical technique of resurfacing in Livingstone Hospital. Port Elizabeth. South Africa. Method. A descriptive-retrospective study in the orthopedic department at Livingstone Hospital from January 2004 to January 2006. The variables used were the following: age, sex, affected hip, surgical approach and survivorship of the prosthesis at 12 moths-24 months after surgery. Results. Out of 30 patients operated 22 were males 73,3% the age group more affected was 46-55, 53,3%, the most common cause affecting the hip was the primary osteoarthritis in 17 patients 56,7% and the survivorship of the prosthesis 12 moths after surgery was 100%. Conclusions. Primary osteoarthritis of the hip is a health problem in male youngest patients and the surgical technique hip resurfacing is a very good choice.
    Fundamento: La resuperficialización de la cadera en pacientes jóvenes con osteoartrosis es sin dudas una novedosa técnica quirúrgica que ofrece marcadas ventajas comparadas con las técnicas convencionales de Reemplazo Total de Cadera (RTC. Objetivo: Mostrar la evolución de los pacientes portadores de osteoartrosis de cadera, tratados con la técnica de resuperficialización, en el Hospital Livingstone de Port Elizabeth. Sudáfrica. Método: Se realizó una investigación observacional fundamental, descriptiva, retrospectiva, en el servicio de ortopedia del Hospital Livingstone de Port Elizabeth desde Enero 2004 a Enero 2006, se consideraron las variables: Edad, Sexo, Cadera afectada, Abordaje quirúrgico, Tiempo de supervivencia de

  17. CHANGCHUN:Spring City of North China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Although Changchun has been more than 200 years old,it is still a young city compared with other historical cities in China.It is located at the central oart of Songliao Plain,covering a total area of 20,571 square kilometers (about 8,012 square miles).Being the capital city of Jilin province,Changchun is the political,economic and cultural center.

  18. Soft Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Anders; Yoneda, Akira; Nakamura, Kiyoshi

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a project exploring sustainable ways of urban living. The project renders a scenario comprised of an array of simple conversions of existing urban spaces and buildings, in the attempt to tie strategies ranging from urban planning to interior design into a coherent vision...... of a sustainable future. The project is the result of a joint research study between Denmark and Japan. Taking as its example the city of Kyoto, the project investigates some possible strategies on how cities more generally may be transformed into liveable, healthy and ecologically sensible environments....

  19. Fun City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Once the blues guitarist B.B. King sang that when he "didn't wanna live no more", he would go shopping instead. Now, however, shopping has become a lifestyle... The city of today has become "Disneyfied" and "Tivolized". It has become a scene for events. The aim of the book is to encircle and pin...... down the consquences of these developments, to elocidate the interplay between funscapes and fear culture, and to account for the meaning of new concepts and new phenomena such as "event culture", "urban scenography", "experience economy","city branding" and "cultural planning"....

  20. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frimann, Søren; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Succesful corporate branding requires that questions related to communication, publicity, and organizational structures are adressed. An uncritical adoption of approaches known from tradition product branding will inevitable give problems as the properties of tangible commodities and services......, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of - or willingness...... to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  1. Study on the Location of Ningbo City Distribution Center Based on AHP fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation%基于 AHP模糊综合评价法的宁波城市共同配送中心选址研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娜; 李晓丹

    2015-01-01

    鉴于城市配送中心选址问题的不确定性和模糊性,文中采用AHP法和模糊综合评价法相结合的方法,将层次分析法的定量性和客观性的优点与模糊综合评价法的包容性有机融合,为城市配送中心的选址提供更有力的决策。最后以宁波的实际情况为例,选择出符合当前宁波经济发展现状的、有利于打造城市共同配送体系的配送中心。%In view of uncertainty and fuzziness of the city distribution center location, this paper adopts the method of combining AHP method and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, which will organically integrate the quantitative and the objectivity of the analytic hierarchy process ( AHP) and the inclusive of fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method,to provide a more powerful decision making for the city distribution center location.Finally, combined with the actual situation in Ningbo, selected the distribution center with the current Ningbo economic development,conducive to the realization of common distribution system of city.

  2. Aplicación de la Escala de Depresión del Center of Epidemiological Studies en adolescentes de la Ciudad de México Application of the revised version of the Center of Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale in adolescent students from Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina González-Forteza

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Probar la validez de constructo, concurrente y externa, y la consistencia interna de la Escala de Depresión del Center for Epidemiologic Studies (CES-D-R en adolescentes. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal con dos cohortes de estudiantes de secundaria del DF. El cuestionario incluyó la CES-D-R y otras escalas sobre problemas relacionados con suicidio, violencia, exposición a oportunidades y consumo de drogas. La participación fue voluntaria y anónima. RESULTADOS: Se incluyó a 1 549 estudiantes (edad promedio, 14 años; DE=1.2. La escala mostró una estructura de seis factores (varianza explicada, 55%, consistencia interna excelente (a=0.93, discriminación significativa entre puntajes extremos (z=-3.695, pOBJECTIVE: To assess the internal consistency, as well as the construct, concurrent and external consistency of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-R in Mexican adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data are from two samples of middle-school students from Mexico City. The questionnaire included the CES-D-R and other scales for suicide problems, peer and family violence, and drug use. RESULTS: The sample included 1 549 students (mean age 14 years, SD=1.2. The CES-D-R showed a six-factor structure (explained variance, 55% with an excellent internal consistency (a=0.93, a significant discriminative power for opposite scores (z=-3.695, p<0.001, and a positive significant correlation with the Roberts Suicidal Ideation Scale (r=0.685, p<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: The CES-D-R has excellent psychometric characteristics for Mexican adolescents and therefore is deemed as an adequate tool for the assessment of depressive symptoms in large samples to detect mental health needs and design preventive interventions.

  3. City 2020+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Merbitz, H.; Sachsen, T.; Ketzler, G.; Michael, S.; Klemme, M.; Dott, W.; Selle, K.; Hofmeister, H.

    2010-09-01

    This research initiative CITY 2020+ assesses the risks and opportunities for residents in urban built environments under projected demographic and climate change for the year 2020 and beyond, using the City of Aachen as a case study. CITY 2020+ develops scenarios, options and tools for planning and developing sustainable future city structures. We investigate how urban environment, political structure and residential behavior can best be adapted, with attention to the interactions among structural, political, and sociological configurations and with their consequences on human health. Demographers project that in the EU-25-States by 2050, approximately 30% of the population will be over age 65. Also by 2050, average tem¬peratures are projected to rise by 1 to 2 K. Combined, Europe can expect enhanced thermal stress and higher levels of particulate matter. CITY 2020+ amongst other sub-projects includes research project dealing with (1) a micro-scale assessment of blockages to low-level cold-air drainage flow into the city centre by vegetation and building structures, (2) a detailed analysis of the change of probability density functions related to the occurrence of heat waves during summer and the spatial and temporal structure of the urban heat island (UHI) (3) a meso-scale analysis of particulate matter (PM) concentrations depending on topography, local meteorological conditions and synoptic-scale weather patterns. First results will be presented specifically from sub-projects related to vegetation barriers within cold air drainage, the assessment of the UHI and the temporal and spatial pattern of PM loadings in the city centre. The analysis of the cold air drainage flow is investigated in two consecutive years with a clearing of vegetation stands in the beginning of the second year early in 2010. The spatial pattern of the UHI and its possible enhancement by climate change is addressed employing a unique setup using GPS devices and temperature probes fixed to

  4. WOMAN’S RECONCILIATION OF DOMESTIC LIFE AND SELF DEVELOPMENT IN ELIZABETH STUART PHELPS’S THE ANGEL OVER THE RIGHT SHOULDER

    OpenAIRE

    Juliasih K

    2012-01-01

    Women face an everlasting issue of dividing their time for domestic life and self-development as the work of Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, The Angel Over the Right Shoulder, portrays. It shows that there is inequality between man and woman. The research aims to investigate the main reasons of the problem. It shows that men and women have their own language. This research applies Ecriture Feminine which bases itself on the belief that feminity is qualitatively different from masculinity and it need...

  5. Sustainable Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    /assessment tool. The context for our study is urban regeneration in one Danish city, which had been suffering from industrial decline and which is currently investing in establishing a “sustainable city”. Based on this case study we explore how the insights and inspiration evoked in working with the tool...

  6. Excite City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans; Jensen, Ole B.

    This paper takes its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on European cities - a pressure which in recent years has found its expression in a number of comprehensive transformations of the physical and architectural environments, and new eventscapes related to fun and cult...

  7. Vacant city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marzot, N.

    2013-01-01

    Abandoned places that the crisis has multiplied, unaware wrecks of a project of civilization that has consumed its thrust and life-giving function, are waiting for new desirable interpretations, they are an expression of a possible city in opposition to the existing, even if not recognized by any in

  8. Sin City?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gautier, Pieter A.; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen N.

    2007-01-01

    Is moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? We investigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners by moving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danish couples. We find that of the couples who married in the city

  9. Thirsty Cities,Dirty Water

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Rapid economic growth has taken a toll on water quality Houses lining up meandering rivers make Jiaxing in east China’s Zhejiang Province a famed water city.Yet the Venetian-style center is suffering from a water shortage.Jiaxing has a population of more than 3

  10. AN IN-SITU PERMEABLE REACTIVE BARRIER FOR THE TREATMENT OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM AND TRICHLOROETHYLENE IN GROUNDWATER: VOLUME 3 MULTICOMPONENT REACTIVE TRANSPORT MODELING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reactive transport modeling has been conducted to describe the performance of the permeable reactive barrier at the Coast Guard Support Center near Elizabeth City, NC. The reactive barrier was installed to treat groundwater contaminated by hexavalent chromium and chlorinated org...

  11. Less Smart More City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocco Papa

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Smart is an expression used in recent years in science, and it refers to someone or something that shows a lively intelligence, with a quick learning curve and a fast response to external stimuli. The present scenario is dominated by the accelerated technological development that involves every aspect of life, enhancing the everyday tools through the use of information and digital processing: everything is smart, even cities. But when you pair the term smart to a complex organism such as the city the significance of the two together is open to a variety of interpretations, as shown by the vast and varied landscape of definitions that have occurred in recent years. Our contribution presents the results of research aimed at analyzing and interpreting this fragmented scene mainly, but not exclusively, through lexical analysis, applied to a textual corpus of 156 definitions of smart city. In particular, the study identified the main groups of stakeholders that have taken part in the debate, and investigated the differences and convergences that can be detected: Academic, Institutional, and Business worlds. It is undeniable that the term smart has been a veritable media vehicle that, on the one hand brought to the center of the discussion the issue of the city, of increasing strategic importance for the major challenges that humanity is going to face,  and on the other has been a fertile ground on which to pour the interests of different groups and individuals. In a nutshell we can say that from the analysis the different approaches that each group has used and supported emerge clearly and another, alarming, consideration occurs: of the smart part of “Smart City” we clearly grasp the tools useful to the each group of stakeholders, and of the city part, as a collective aspiration, there is often little or nothing.

  12. Hip Resurfacing. An Experience in Livingstone Hospital, Port Elizabeth, South Africa. From January 2004 to January 2006.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Gonzalo González González

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. Hip resurfacing in youngest patients with osteoarthritis is a very outstanding surgical technique which offer excellent results compare with a traditional Total Hip Replacement. Objective. To describe the evolution of the patients with osteoarthritis of the hip treated with the surgical technique of resurfacing in Livingstone Hospital. Port Elizabeth. South Africa. Method. A descriptive-retrospective study in the orthopedic department at Livingstone Hospital from January 2004 to January 2006. The variables used were the following: age, sex, affected hip, surgical approach and survivorship of the prosthesis at 12 moths-24 months after surgery. Results. Out of 30 patients operated 22 were males 73,3% the age group more affected was 46-55, 53,3%, the most common cause affecting the hip was the primary osteoarthritis in 17 patients 56,7% and the survivorship of the prosthesis 12 moths after surgery was 100%. Conclusions. Primary osteoarthritis of the hip is a health problem in male youngest patients and the surgical technique hip resurfacing is a very good choice.

  13. Echoes of a not so Mythical Past: Memories of Race in Elizabeth Jolley’s The Well

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelis Martin Renes

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Critical discussion of Elizabeth Jolley’s The Well (1986 has largely focused on issues of gender, but little has been said about the racial inscription of the novel. This lack is especially relevant when criticism, despite praising the author’s experimentation with narrative technique and genre, tends to voice dissatisfaction with the novel’s conclusion in medias res, which never solves the tension between a presumed return to the patriarchal norm and the voicing of liberating alternatives. This paper proposes a postcolonial perspective so as to come to terms with this dilemma, and argues that the text signals the impossibility of suppressing the Native from the contemporary Australian land and textscape, whose Gothic articulation in the uncanny shape of the male well-dweller haunts the novel’s engagement with female empowerment. The female protagonist may only start overcoming a crippling gender discourse in the White postcolonial pastoralist setting by inscribing herself into ‘Australianness’. Reconciling her body with the land is significantly staged in terms of an Aboriginal cosmogony, as it is a ‘walkabout’ that allows Hester to start controlling her body and story. Thus, The Well may be understood to be inconclusive because it struggles to map gender across race at a time of Aboriginal-exclusive multiculturalism. Written in the mid 1980s, it announces a point of inflection in thinking about nativenonnative relationships

  14. Mass budget of the glaciers and ice caps of the Queen Elizabeth Islands, Canada, from 1991 to 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millan, Romain; Mouginot, Jeremie; Rignot, Eric

    2017-02-01

    Recent studies indicate that the glaciers and ice caps in Queen Elizabeth Islands (QEI), Canada have experienced an increase in ice mass loss during the last two decades, but the contribution of ice dynamics to this loss is not well known. We present a comprehensive mapping of ice velocity using a suite of satellite data from year 1991 to 2015, combined with ice thickness data from NASA Operation IceBridge, to calculate ice discharge. We find that ice discharge increased significantly after 2011 in Prince of Wales Icefield, maintained or decreased in other sectors, whereas glacier surges have little impact on long-term trends in ice discharge. During 1991–2005, the QEI mass loss averaged 6.3 ± 1.1 Gt yr‑1, 52% from ice discharge and the rest from surface mass balance (SMB). During 2005–2014, the mass loss from ice discharge averaged 3.5 ± 0.2 Gt yr‑1 (10%) versus 29.6 ± 3.0 Gt yr‑1 (90%) from SMB. SMB processes therefore dominate the QEI mass balance, with ice dynamics playing a significant role only in a few basins.

  15. “Do the next thing”: an interview with Elizabeth Adams St. Pierre on post-qualitative methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanna Guttorm

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Professor Elizabeth Adams St. Pierre’s work focuses on critical and poststructural theories of language and the subject and what she has called post qualitative inquiry or post inquiry. She asks what might come after conventional humanist qualitative research methodology. She’s especially interested in the new empiricisms/new materialisms as well as new research practices enabled by the ontological turn. During St. Pierre's visit to the Finnish Educational Research Association (FERA Conference in Oulu in November 2014, we had the opportunity to talk with her about post qualitative research around some questions we had sent her beforehand. We then transcribed, edited, and translated the interview, and published it in the Finnish journal Kasvatus (Education in spring 2015. In this interview St. Pierre talks in the US context, where qualitative methodology is turning—or being pushed to turn—back to positivism with normalized and formalized practices, St. Pierre encourages researchers to constantly question the prevailing truths and the traditions they have learnt too well.

  16. “A purgatory of clichés”: Elizabeth Costello and the Impossible Paradise for Writers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeria Mosca

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available “At the gate” is the closing piece in J. M. Coetzee’s collection of short stories Elizabeth Costello (2003. It depicts Costello, fictitious novelist and prominent character in Coetzee’s late production, and the Kafkaesque waiting-room for Paradise she finds herself in.The first aim of this essay is an exploration of this ambiguous afterlife: surprisingly and disappointingly mundane, it defies traditional expectations. Costello’s afterlife is also a meta-literary construct, and explicitly so. It displays itself as a purgatory of clichés and poor literary imitations, and thus allows Coetzee to expose the limits of literary representation.Costello stands before a gate to Paradise; she is required a statement of belief to pass through, but she feels unable to provide it. She is a writer and, as such, maintains beliefs only provisionally. More than once, though, she is confronted with the idea that having beliefs is what makes us humans. The resulting division between the human and the writing self, and the impossibility of Paradise for the latter, are dealt with in the second part of this essay.Identity and its persistence are central themes in Coetzee's works. In the last part of this essay, "At the Gate" is compared to some of them – most notably, to some sections of Diary of a Bad Year (2007, since there, too, the main character is an author reasoning on the afterlife. 

  17. A preliminary investigation of tuberculosis and other diseases in African buffalo (Syncerus caffer in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Kalema-Zikusoka

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available A survey to determine the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis and certain other infectious diseases was conducted on 42 free-ranging African buffaloes, (Syncerus caffer from May to June 1997 in the Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda. Using the gamma interferon test, exposure to M. bovis was detected in 21.6 % of the buffaloes. One dead buffalo and an emaciated warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus that was euthanased, were necropsied; both had miliary granulomas from which M. bovis was isolated. None of the buffaloes sampled in Sector A of the park, which has no cattle interface, tested positive for bovine tuberculosis (BTB exposure. The prevalence and distribution of BTB does not appear to have changed significantly since the 1960s, but this may be due to fluxes in the buffalo population. Serological testing for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD demonstrated positive exposure of 57.1% of the buffaloes sampled, with types A, O and SAT 1-3, which is the first known report of FMD antibodies to A and O types in free ranging African buffaloes. Foot-and-mouth disease virus types SAT 1 and SAT 3 were isolated from buffalo probang samples. Two percent of the buffaloes had been exposed to brucellosis. None of the buffaloes tested had antibodies to rinderpest, leptospirosis or Q fever.

  18. Reason vs Revelation: Feminism, Malthus, and the New Poor Law in Narratives by Harriet Martineau and Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ella Dzelzainis

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available My article examines the profoundly influential presence of eighteenth-century stadial or ‘four stages' theory in industrial fiction of the early Victorian period. Axiomatic within this Enlightenment theory was the assumption that the treatment of women was a reliable index to the civilized status of any society. The two women writers studied here, Harriet Martineau (1802-76 and Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna (1790-1846, took opposing sides in the debate over Malthusian political economy and interpreted stadial theory in correspondingly different ways. Martineau's enthusiastic Malthusianism in the 'Illustrations of Political Economy '(1832-4 foresaw a feminist future brought about by illimitable progress and the spread of reason. With the deliberate aim of countering Martineau's views, the pre-Millenarian Evangelical Tonna asserted the truth of revelation in 'The Wrongs of Woman' (1843-4 and positioned women's domestic subordination as integral to England's continued pre-eminence as a commercial nation. This essay examines the religious, social and political grounds on which these two adversaries staked their arguments, and does so through an analysis of their fictional accounts of the status, role, and treatment of working women in an industrializing society.

  19. "My story for my better self": love, loss, and working through in the diary of Elizabeth Barrett Browning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiener Katz, Wendy

    2010-06-01

    An approach to the diary as more than a private record, but a psychologically meaningful act and object, is demonstrated by a close reading of the diary of the English poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Attending to both formal and thematic aspects, this study attempts to illustrate the variable uses of diary-keeping, as well as to identify its uses of specific importance to this particular diarist. The more expansive and profound insight thus gained into the poet's life and work points to the potential of a psychoanalytic approach to such uniquely intimate documents. Evidence is offered to support the position that Browning's diary served important integrating functions during a critical period of her life: modulating overwhelming affect, organizing experiences beyond her control, and serving as a concrete symbol of preservation in the face of accumulative painful losses. The diary-keeping was a self-therapeutic endeavor, mediating and metabolizing these losses into a work of mourning as the poet elaborated and memorialized them.

  20. Seasonal variations of the near surfacelayer parameters over the Antarctic ice sheet in Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Analysis of sensible heat flux(Qh), latent heat flux (Qe), Richardson number(Ri),bulk transport coefficient(Cd)and katabatic windsare presented by using the meteorological data in the near surface layer from an automatic weather station (AWS)in Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica ice sheet and the data of corresponding period at Zhongshan station in 2002.It shows that annual mean air temperature at LGB69 is-25.(6.)C, which is 16.(4.)C lower than that at Zhongshan,where the elevation is lower and located on the coast.The temperature lapse rate is about 1.0°C/110 m for the initial from coast to inland.The turbulence heat flux at LGB69 displays obvious seasonal variations with the average sensible heat flux 17.9 W/m2 and latent heat flux -0.9 W/m2.The intensity (Qh+Qe) of coolling source is-18.8 W/m2 meaning the snow surface layer obtains heat from atmos phere.The near surface atmosphere is near-neutral stratified with bulk transport coefficients (Cd) around 2.8x10-3 ,and it is near constant when the wind speed higher than 8 m/s.The speed and the frequency of easterly Katabatic winds at LGB69 were higher than that at Zbongshan Station.

  1. A Study on Development Performance of Shanghai Municipal Creative Industry Park in City Center%上海中心城区市属创意产业园区的发展绩效研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王怀; 栾峰

    2013-01-01

      对上海中心城区前4批69家市属创意产业园区,从改造发展和创意集聚两个方面的多项指标展开绩效评价表明,创意产业园区总体发挥了积极促进创意产业集聚发展的作用,创意产业的行业分布呈现出明显地与传统优势产业和现实国家及地区产业紧密相关的特征,空间分布上则呈现出偏离城市公共中心的内城多点集聚的高绩效园区分布特征、苏州河沿线较低绩效的多点分布、黄浦江沿线点状分布等特征。提出应当从国家和地区产业基础和产业发展阶段趋势角度挖掘创意主导部门,以及确保空间政策的灵活性和弹性等建议。%This paper discusses development performance evaluation on the first four group of 69 Shanghai municipal creative industry parks from two aspects of reform development and creative industrial clustering. This paper finds out that the creative industry parks played a positive role on promote creative industry clustering, it also shows that the professional range of creative industry is closely related to the traditional advantageous industries and the current national and regional industry. The spatial distribution of creative industry parks presents that the characteristics of deviating from the urban public center, high performance of inner city pointed agglomeration, low performance of located along the Suzhou River and Huangpu River. This paper puts forward that leading creative industry department should be selected according to national and regional industry basement and the trends of industry development stage, and suggests on an agile and elastic special policy.

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Civil Townships for joining with available demographic data, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Indiana Business Research Center (IBRC), Indiana University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2006. It...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Municipal Boundaries for joining with available demographic data, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Indiana Business Research Center (IBRC), Indiana University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2006. It...

  4. A comparison of mortality rates in three prospective studies from Copenhagen with mortality rates in the central part of the city, and the entire country. Copenhagen Center for Prospective Population Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars Bo; Vestbo, Jørgen; Juel, Knud

    1998-01-01

    in the Copenhagen City Heart Study, whereas mortality rates in the Glostrup Population Studies were similar to rates for the whole country. The mortality rates among participants were lower than in the whole sample, and differences existed in relation to region and selection criteria of the cohorts. The Copenhagen...... Male Study, where only employed men were included, showed the lowest mortality rates, and higher rates were found in the study from the central part of the City (the Copenhagen City Heart Study) compared to the study from the suburbs (the Glostrup Population Studies). The difference between mortality...... rates in the cohorts and in Copenhagen City decreased with increasing age. The SMR converged towards 1.00 with increasing observation time. In conclusion, high participation rates were found in all three studies, resulting in SMR values for participants only slightly lower than in the source population...

  5. Commuting in a polycentric city

    CERN Document Server

    Roth, Camille; Batty, Michael; Barthelemy, Marc

    2010-01-01

    The spatial arrangement of urban hubs and centers and how individuals interact with these centers is a crucial problem with many applications ranging from urban planning to epidemiology. We utilize here in an unprecedented manner the large scale, real-time 'Oyster' card database of individual person movements in the London subway to reveal the structure and organization of the city. We show that patterns of intraurban movement are strongly heterogeneous in terms of volume, but not in distance, and that there is a polycentric structure composed of simple flow patterns organized around a limited number of activity centers arranged in a hierarchical way. This new understanding can shed light on the impact of new urban projects on the evolution of the polycentric configuration of a city and provides an initial approach to modeling flows in an urban system.

  6. Drone City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2016-01-01

    This paper address the phenomenon of drones and their potential relationship with the city from the point of view of the so-called “mobilities turn”. This is done in such a way that turns attention to a recent redevelopment of the “turn” towards design; so the emerging perspective of “mobilities ...... of being mobile, as well as profoundly altering the process and perspective of data collection and feedback to governments, businesses and citizens.......This paper address the phenomenon of drones and their potential relationship with the city from the point of view of the so-called “mobilities turn”. This is done in such a way that turns attention to a recent redevelopment of the “turn” towards design; so the emerging perspective of “mobilities...... for a new urban condition where cities are networked and connected (as well as disconnected) from the local block to global digital spheres. In the midst of many of the well-known data-creating devices (e.g. Bluetooth, radio-frequency identification (RFID), GPS, smartphone applications) there is a “new kid...

  7. Car la Lettre tue mais l’Esprit vivifie : une relecture des textes bibliques selon Elizabeth Gaskell For the Letter Killeth, but the Spirit Giveth Life: Elizabeth Gaskell’s Rewriting of the Gospels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamine Toussaint-Thiriet

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available As the anonymous author of “The Hard Church Novel” underlined in his article, “Theology and Literature – the study of God and the study of Man – need to go hand in hand, and are only just beginning to know it”. The links between literature and religion are in fact much older than we might imagine when reading this statement; however, it is a fact that the Victorian period was a time when many authors tried to reconcile secular writing and the Scriptures, to the extent that a new literary genre, the religious novel, was born. Although Elizabeth Gaskell’s works do not belong to this category, she set her heart on reconciling her vocation as a novelist with her beliefs as a Christian. Unlike her husband, she was not a Minister and therefore her own way of preaching the Word of God was to write fiction. She was convinced that the Pharisees had not disappeared with the Advent of Christ and, in her novels, she used her own, sometimes unorthodox, interpretation and rewriting of the Gospels to convert the Pharisees of her own time to the true essence of Christianity. Indeed, her Unitarian education granted her a greater freedom than most of her contemporaries in terms of biblical exegesis, as we can see in many of her works, but most particularly in Ruth, in which the eponymous heroine, a fallen woman, is not only described as a Magdalen but soon turns into a Madonna and then a Christ-like figure.

  8. Anecdotes of the Forbidden City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZUOYUANBO; ZHANGXUEYING

    2005-01-01

    Everyone who passes through Beijing's Forbidden City leaves the grounds with two words on their lips: magnificent and awe-inspiring. The seat of imperial power during the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368 - 1911), some twenty-four emperors ruled the nation from within these walls. Now more commonly known as the Palace Museum, the Forbidden City lies at the center of the Chinese capital. Extending 750 meters from east to west and 960 meters from north to south, the 720,000-square-meter city is the largest palatial complex in the world. Guarding the city is a 52-meter-wide, six-meter-deep moat, and a huge wall, which runs three kilometers around the city and stands 10 meters high. Construction lasted 15 years, involving 100,000 artisans and some one million civilians. If the bricks that make up the Forbidden City could speak, they would have many an interesting story to tell. Here are just a few anecdotes.

  9. Spatial Distribution of City Tweets and Their Densities

    CERN Document Server

    Jiang, Bin; Yin, Junjun; Sandberg, Mats

    2016-01-01

    Social media outlets such as Twitter constitute valuable data sources for understanding human activities in the virtual world from a geographic perspective. This paper examines spatial distribution of tweets and densities within cities. The cities refer to natural cities that are automatically aggregated from a country's small street blocks, so called city blocks. We adopted street blocks (rather than census tracts) as the basic geographic units and topological center (rather than geometric center) in order to assess how tweets and densities vary from the center to the peripheral border. We found that, within a city from the center to the periphery, the tweets first increase and then decrease, while the densities decrease in general. These increases and decreases fluctuate dramatically, and differ significantly from those if census tracts are used as the basic geographic units. We also found that the decrease of densities from the center to the periphery is less significant, and even disappears, if an arbitra...

  10. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciger, Jan

    2006-01-01

    of providing a tangible correspondence between the two spaces. This interaction mean has proved to suit the artistic expression well but it also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from speech activity, a new medium for creativity and a way to visually perceive a vocal performance....... As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective now is to cross the bridge between art and the potential applications to the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or for the treatment of language impairments....

  11. Branding Cities, Changing Societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Societal changes are seldom discussed in the literature on city branding. The time element is important because it highlights the fluctuating reality of society. The city brand message freezes the place but in fact, the city branding exercise is a continuous process. Society emerges too. City...... brands are supposed to accentuate the uniqueness of the city, be built from the bottom-up and reflect the city's identity. This paper highlights three paradoxes, pointing out that city branding processes can also make cities more alike, bring about societal changes and forge new city identities. A city...... branding campaign does not just present the city, it may change the city. The relationships between the branding exercise and the city are intertwined in the evolution of the place....

  12. Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

  13. City planning as preventive medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corburn, Jason

    2015-08-01

    The health and well-being of rapidly growing urban populations is a global health issue. Cities in the global north and south are faced with rising health inequities - or avoidable differences in health determinants and outcomes based on place, social status and ethnicity. This commentary suggests that focusing only on treatment interventions in cities is likely to fail because populations will be forced to go back into the urban living and working conditions that likely made them sick in the first place. City planning as preventive medicine includes taking a relational and systems approach to urban health, requiring health assessments for all urban policy making, promoting neighborhood health centers as engines of community economic development and gathering place-based health indicator data to track progress and adapt interventions over time as conditions change.

  14. WOMAN’S RECONCILIATION OF DOMESTIC LIFE AND SELF DEVELOPMENT IN ELIZABETH STUART PHELPS’S THE ANGEL OVER THE RIGHT SHOULDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliasih K

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Women face an everlasting issue of dividing their time for domestic life and self-development as the work of Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, The Angel Over the Right Shoulder, portrays. It shows that there is inequality between man and woman. The research aims to investigate the main reasons of the problem. It shows that men and women have their own language. This research applies Ecriture Feminine which bases itself on the belief that feminity is qualitatively different from masculinity and it needs an alternative form of language in order to express adequately the difference, something which would benefit both men and women

  15. Activismo LGBTIQ y ciudadanías sexuales en el Ecuador. Diálogo con Elizabeth Vásquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Lind

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Elizabeth Vásquez es abogada por entrenamiento, activista y fundadora del PROYECTO TRVNSGEN3RO de Quito. En esta entrevista, ella nos habla de los logros y desafíos que ha enfrentado a lo largo de su trayectoria: los orígenes de su activismo legal, sus inspiraciones políticas, su participación como asesora en la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente de 2008 y sus visiones del movimiento lésbico, gay, bisexual, transgénero y intersexual (LGTBI en Ecuador.

  16. Infección respiratoria aguda en niños que acuden a un centro de desarrollo infantil Incidence of acute respiratory infections in a cohort of infants and children attending a daycare center in Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Nandí-Lozano

    2002-06-01

    . A cohort study was conducted from April to Octuber 1999, among 85 children aged under four years, who attended the daycare center at Hospital Infantil de Mexico (Mexico City's Children's Hospital "Federico Gómez". Acute respiratory infection incidence rates and quarterly point prevalence figures of nasopharyngeal colonization were obtained. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results. A total of 85 children were studied (40 girls and 45 boys during 9 090 children-days of follow-up. Three children had a history of atopia (3.5%, six a history of asthma (7.%, and 39 (46% were exposed to passive smoking. There were 258 events of respiratory tract infection for an incidence rate of 10.3 infections per person-year (95% CI 8.7-12.0. The main clinical syndromes were pharyngitis (95%, acute otitis media (3.5%, and bronchiolitis (1%. The incidence rates of otitis and bronchiolitis were 0.36 and 0.12 per child-year of observation, respectively. The prevalence figures of nasopharyngeal colonization for the three main bacteria were: S. pneumoniae 20.4%; nontypable H. influenzae 13%; and Moraxella catarrhalis 8%. Conclusions. Study results show a high prevalence of colonization due to invasive strains, as well as a two-fold incidence rate of acute respiratory infection, higher than those reported in community surveys. These results add to the description of this poorly documented infectious disease in Mexico.

  17. Expats rank Chinese cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    By Lv Dong

    2012-01-01

    Beijing, April The results of the "2011 Amazing China- The Most Attractive Chinese Cities for Foreigners" election are released. Expats choose Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and other cities as Chinas 10 most attractive cities for foreigners.

  18. Lufthansa Center Sets Standard for Shopping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    IN Beijing, foreign tourists often dine at the Fangshan Restaurant, stay in the Palace Hotel and shop at the Lufthansa Center. The Lufthansa Friendship Shopping City is a newly built, luxurious complex that attracts wealthy Beijingers, international residents and tourists. The Lufthansa Shopping City is located in northeast Beijing. It covers over 22,000 square meters with five floors of shops and an underground supermarket. When you walk into the Lufthansa Center, you

  19. Shanghai: A New Hi-Tech Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    ‘It is a magnificent city that can make any dream come true!" Tim Cook, CEO of Apple Inc., commented while visiting Shanghai on May 14 After making efforts for more than a de- cade to construct the city into an international center of economy, finance, trade and shippinp,Shanghai now is making steps toward becom- ing a center of science and technology.

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  1. The City Intelligence Quotient (City IQ Evaluation System: Conception and Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiqiang Wu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available After a systematic review of 38 current intelligent city evaluation systems (ICESs from around the world, this research analyzes the secondary and tertiary indicators of these 38 ICESs from the perspectives of scale structuring, approaches and indicator selection, and determines their common base. From this base, the fundamentals of the City Intelligence Quotient (City IQ Evaluation System are developed and five dimensions are selected after a clustering analysis. The basic version, City IQ Evaluation System 1.0, involves 275 experts from 14 high-end research institutions, which include the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Science and Engineering (Germany, the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, the Planning Management Center of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of China, and the Development Research Center of the State Council of China. City IQ Evaluation System 2.0 is further developed, with improvements in its universality, openness, and dynamic adjustment capability. After employing deviation evaluation methods in the IQ assessment, City IQ Evaluation System 3.0 was conceived. The research team has conducted a repeated assessment of 41 intelligent cities around the world using City IQ Evaluation System 3.0. The results have proved that the City IQ Evaluation System, developed on the basis of intelligent life, features more rational indicators selected from data sources that can offer better universality, openness, and dynamics, and is more sensitive and precise.

  2. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinquan; Zhu

    2007-01-01

    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  3. 区域高等教育对“人的城镇化”的影响--基于地级市层面的实证分析%Impacts of Regional Higher Education on "Human-Centered Urbanization":Empirical Analysis Based on Prefecture-Level Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙哲; 王家庭

    2014-01-01

    This paper uses prefecture-level cities' data in 2011 for regression analysis, to verify whether regional higher education improves the level of "human-centered urbanization" by talent training, R&D and social capital cultivating. Based on the meaning and measurement of "human-centered urbanization", empirical findings of this paper show that promotion of undergraduate education is different from specialized education in different cities of scale; R&D has not fully functioned; the impact of social capital fosters stronger in larger cities. We put forward the following recommendations: the higher education resource allocation model of collaborative development inside provinces should be built; local institutions of higher education should be involved in the urbanization development plan; big cities should pay attention to the fundamentals and universality, while small cities should pay attention to the characteristic and practicability. .%本文利用2011年地级市层面的数据进行回归分析,验证区域高等教育是否在人才培养、科技研发和社会资本培育三个方面提升了“人的城镇化”水平。基于对“人的城镇化”的内涵阐释与指标测度,本文的实证结果表明,本科教育和专科教育的促进作用因城市规模而异,科技研发的促进作用没有充分实现,社会资本培育的促进作用在小城市更强。本文建议构建省内协同发展的高等教育资源配置模式,地方高等教育机构参与制定城镇化发展规划,大中城市的高等教育注重高级化与普适性,非大中城市注重特色化与实用性。

  4. Tectonic Map of the Ellesmerian and Eurekan deformation belts on Svalbard, North Greenland and the Queen Elizabeth Islands (Canadian Arctic)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piepjohn, Karsten; von Gosen, Werner; Tessensohn, Franz; Reinhardt, Lutz; McClelland, William C.; Dallmann, Winfried; Gaedicke, Christoph; Harrison, Christopher

    2016-04-01

    The tectonic map presented here shows the distribution of the major post-Ellesmerian and pre-Eurekan sedimentary basins, parts of the Caledonian Orogen, the Ellesmerian Fold-and-Thrust Belt, structures of the Cenozoic Eurekan deformation, and areas affected by the Eurekan overprint. The present continental margin of North America towards the Arctic Ocean between the Queen Elizabeth Islands and Northeast Greenland and the present west margin of the Barents Shelf are characterized by the Paleozoic Ellesmerian Fold-and-Thrust Belt, the Cenozoic Eurekan deformation, and, in parts, the Caledonian Orogen. In many areas, the structural trends of the Ellesmerian and Eurekan deformations are more or less parallel, and often, structures of the Ellesmerian Orogeny are affected or reactivated by the Eurekan deformation. While the Ellesmerian Fold-and-Thrust Belt is dominated by orthogonal compression and the formation of wide fold-and-thrust zones on Ellesmere Island, North Greenland and Spitsbergen, the Eurekan deformation is characterized by a complex network of regional fold-and-thrust belts (Spitsbergen, central Ellesmere Island), large distinct thrust zones (Ellesmere Island, North Greenland) and a great number of strike-slip faults (Spitsbergen, Ellesmere Island). The Ellesmerian Fold-and-Thrust Belt was most probably related to the approach and docking of the Pearya Terrane (northernmost part of Ellesmere Island) and Spitsbergen against the north margin of Laurasia (Ellesmere Island/North Greenland) in the earliest Carboniferous. The Eurekan deformation was related to plate tectonic movements during the final break-up of Laurasia and the opening of Labrador Sea/Baffin Bay west, the Eurasian Basin north, and the Norwegian/Greenland seas east of Greenland. The tectonic map presented here shows the German contribution to the Tectonic Map of the Arctic 1:5,000,000 (TeMAr) as part of the international project "Atlas of geological maps of Circumpolar Arctic at 1

  5. 75 FR 28555 - Executive Green ICT & Energy Efficiency Trade Mission to Mexico City, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... International Trade Administration Executive Green ICT & Energy Efficiency Trade Mission to Mexico City, Mexico... Commercial Service are organizing an Executive Green ICT & Energy Efficiency Trade Mission to Mexico City... data centers, telecommunications, utilities, and construction. Green ICTs--or smart...

  6. Kempinski Hotel Beijing Lufthansa Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A shining star on the eastern part of Beijing Kempinski Hotel Beijing Lufthansa Center is located at the heart of the city, a fully integrated business complex with serviced apartments, top-class offices and showrooms. The hotel offers unrivaled conference, business and leisure facilities ideal for business travelers and leisure guests alike. Its impressive blend of grand Chinese cul-

  7. Mapping New York Irish-American Identities: Duality of Spirituality in Elizabeth Cullinan’s Short Story “Life After Death”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicoleta Stanca

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Elizabeth Cullinan’s short story “Life After Death” depicts a day in the life of a young New Yorker, Constance, walking along Lexington Avenue, attending the evening Mass at a Dominican church and visiting the Catholic college where she worked part time to pick up her paycheck. Though the woman is involved with the married Francis Hughes and confronted with the burden of the past and of intricate family dynamics, her voice, which is “the Cullinan narrative voice has become that of one of those sceptical granddaughters grown into a reasonably assured and independent adulthood [...] balanced between then and now, the ethnic and the worldly, and better able to judge self and others because of the doubleness” (Fanning qtd. in Bayor and Meagher 528. Thus, the paper will discuss the manner in which Elizabeth Cullinan maps, in her story, the oscillation of Irish Americans between the ethnic drive and a cosmopolitan individuality gained in New York, with a focus on the value of the duality of consciousness and spirituality, which facilitates enriching and clarifying answers to identity dilemmas.

  8. Challenging 'smart' in smart city strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil; Knudsen, Jacob

    Smart city strategies concern the improvement of economic and political efficiency and the enabling of social, cultural and urban development (Hollands 2008) and covers a variety of fields from improving infrastructures, social and cultural development, resilience strategies (e.g. green energy......), improving schools, social welfare institutions, public and private institutions etc. The 'smart' in smart city strategies implies that these efforts are accomplished by the introduction and embedding of smart media technology into the very fabric of society. This is often done in a top-down and technology......-centric way (from city branding initiatives to the digitization of the public sector). This presentation will challenge this approach to smart city strategies by proposing that instead of a 'technology first' approach, we need to introduce the smart citizen in the center of smart city strategic planning...

  9. Raw HYPACK navigation logs (text) collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center offshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  10. Excel Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Citigroup,one of the World top 500 companies,has now settled in Excel Center,Financial Street. The opening ceremony of Excel Center and the entry ceremony of Citigroup in the center were held on March 31.Government leaders of Xicheng District,the Excel CEO and the heads of Asia-Pacific Region leaders of Citibank all participated in the ceremony.

  11. 基于模糊综合评价法的物流配送中心选址研究--以德邦物流在江苏省泰兴市为例%Research on the Location Selection of the Logistics Distribution Center Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method:A Case Study of Debon logistics in Taixing City,Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余蓉; 陈家锋; 龚娅; 周斌

    2015-01-01

    物流中心合理的选址能够大大降低物流成本费用,提高物流效率。为解决物流企业物流配送中心科学选址问题,分析了物流配送中心选址的影响因素,根据影响因素建立了物流配送中心选址指标体系,并利用层次分析法确定了各级指标的权重,在此基础上,运用模糊综合评价法构建模糊综合评价模型,对德邦物流在江苏省泰兴市3个备选地址进行了评价,得到的结果与现实是相符的,这证明论文提出的国内物流公司在县级市物流中心选址的评价体系具有有效性及可操作性。最后从多个角度对物流配送中心选址给出了相关建议,以此为相关决策者提供有益借鉴。%Reasonable location selection of logistics center can greatly reduce logistic costs and improve logistic efficiency .To solve the problem of scientific location selection of logistics distribution center for the logistics enterprise ,this paper has analyzed the factors which influence the location selection of the logistic distribution center ,established indicators system for the location selection of the logistic distribution center ,and allocated index weights for each level with the method of Analytic Hierarchy Process .Based on these ,this paper has established the evaluation model with the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method , and evaluated the three alternate locations of Debon logistics in Taixing City ,Jiangsu Province .The research results are in accordance with the reality ,which has proved that the Logistics Center Location Evaluation System of county‐level city for domestic logistics companies is valid and operative .Finally ,this paper has provided suggestions from different perspectives for the location selection of the logistics distribution center ,which might be valuable for the relevant decision‐makers .

  12. Water changed the cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    An improvement in water infrastructure and cleaning up the waters changed many harbour cities in Denmark at the beginning of the 90s. The harbour cities changed from drity, run-down industrial harbours to clean and attractive harbour dwelling creating new city centres and vital city areas...

  13. Types of Chinese City Civil Center Location Selection and Movement:A Case Study of Shenzhen-Dongguan-Huizhou Metropolitan%城市行政中心区位选择与迁移类型--以深莞惠都市区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱惠斌

    2013-01-01

    行政中心迁移作为重要行政决策,对城市发展战略和近期建设重心有显著影响作用。本文采用层次演进分析法,对珠三角东岸中心城市深圳、东莞和惠州进行行政中心的分布规律与影响要素实证研究。研究结果表明:我国行政中心概念出现演化,形成服务中心与配套设施逐步分离的需求;行政中心迁移可分为区域一体化发展、空间管治的驱动和新增长极的创造等类型。对珠三角深莞惠都市区城市行政中心迁移模式进行研究,结果显示:深圳选择行政中心跨区迁移,其迁移核心体现在与珠三角合作的区域一体化和深港同城化2个层面;东莞行政中心迁移源于空间管治驱动,以达成新旧中心城市功能的置换;惠州行政中心跨江迁移,为的是促进新城市增长极的形成。3种迁移模式的成功实现有助于探索都市区行政中心与经济中心的耦合互动发展路径,对我国都市区发展有借鉴和启示作用。%City civil center movement as an important strategy and governance mode shows effective influence on city development. The paper adopts level evolvement research method to study the location criterion and influencing element of civil center movement for Shenzhen-Dongguan-Huizhou metropolitan in the PRD. The research shows that the concept of civil center changes in China and forms new trend for diffusion of service center and related infrastructure. Civil center movement can be classified into three types as regional integration, space governance driving and new development mode creation. The study on Shenzhen-dongguan-Huizhou metropolitan comes to the conclusion that the civil center movement of Shenzhen is related with regional cooperation of PRD region and Shenzhen-Hong Kong integration, the civil center movement of Dongguan is related with spatial governance to reach the goal of function exchange between new and old civil centers, the

  14. 《苏州城墙》:复活每一块城砖的历史记忆--以城墙为中心的吴文化巡礼%The City Walls of Suzhou:To Resurrect the Historical Memory of Each Block Bricks:A Survey of Wu Culrure Centering on City Walls

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙宗广

    2013-01-01

    The City Walls of Suzhou is not a ifrst book on city walls, but compared with similar studies home and abroad, this book, in addition to full and accurate data, pictures, has several prominent features:general size and tolerance, the pursuit of archaeology and measurement precision, highlight of the Wu culture. As for the protection of Suzhou city wall and rehabilitation, this book follows the principles of authenticity and integrity, rather than large-scale restoration and construction. The full collection and collation of literature on ancient city wall, the completion of archaeological and measuring work of the Suzhou ancient city wall ruins and the recovery of historical memory of every piece of brick, are supposed to go before the rehabilitation work. The publication of The City Walls of Suzhou is a remarkable step in all the above-mentioned solid work.%《苏州城墙》一书无意开城墙研究的风气之先,但与国内外的同类研究专著相比,该著除了资料翔实、图文并茂之外,具有几个突出特点:通史的规模与气度、追求考古与测量的精确、凸显吴文化的深厚底蕴。关于苏州城墙的保护与复建,该著认为应认真调研、循序渐进,遵循真实性和整体性原则,不必急于大规模复原与兴建。充分搜集整理古城墙的文献资料、完成苏州古城墙遗址的考古与测量、恢复每一块城砖的历史记忆,理应是走在复建前面的更为扎实有益的工作。《苏州城墙》的编著出版,便是这扎实工作中具有标志性的一步。

  15. Rune Frederiksen, Elizabeth R. Gebhard & Alexander Sokolicek (eds., The Architecture of the Ancient Greek Theatre, Monographs of the Danish Institute, Volume 17 (Aarhus: Aarhus University Press and The Danish Institute at Athens, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William C. Miller

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A review of the book: Rune Frederiksen, Elizabeth R. Gebhard & Alexander Sokolicek (eds., The Architecture of the Ancient Greek Theatre, Monographs of the Danish Institute, Volume 17 (Aarhus: Aarhus University Press and The Danish Institute at Athens, 2015

  16. Status, population fluctuations and ecological relationships of Peary caribou on the Queen Elizabeth Islands: Implications for their survival

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank L. Miller

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available The Peary caribou (Rangifer tarandus pearyi was recognized as 'Threatened' by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada in 1979 and 'Endangered' in 1991. It is the only member of the deer family (Cervidae found on the Queen Elizabeth Islands (QEI of the Canadian High Arctic. The Peary caribou is a significant part of the region's biodiversity and a socially important and economically valuable part of Arctic Canada's natural heritage. Recent microsatellite DNA findings indicate that Peary caribou on the QEI are distinct from caribou on the other Arctic Islands beyond the QEI, including Banks Island. This fact must be kept in mind if any translocation of caribou to the QEI is proposed. The subspecies is too gross a level at which to recognize the considerable diversity that exists between Peary caribou on the QEI and divergent caribou on other Canadian Arctic Islands. The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada should take this considerable diversity among these caribou at below the subspecies classification to mind when assigning conservation divisions (units to caribou on the Canadian Arctic Islands. In summer 1961, the first and only nearly range-wide aerial survey of Peary caribou yielded a population estimate on the QEI of 25 845, including about 20% calves. There was a strong preference for range on the western QEI (WEQI, where 94% (24 363 of the estimated caribou occurred on only 24% (ca. 97 000 km2 of the collective island-landmass. By summer 1973, the overall number of Peary caribou on the QEI had decreased markedly and was estimated at about 7000 animals. The following winter and spring (1973-74, the Peary caribou population declined 49% on the WQEI. The estimated number dropping to <3000, with no calves seen by us in summer 1974. Based on estimates from several aerial surveys conducted on the WQEI from 1985 to 1987, the number of Peary caribou on the QEI as a whole was judged to be 3300-3600 or only

  17. Investigation on Air Quality in Newly Decorated Shopping Centers with Different Scales in Zhenjiang City%镇江市新装修的不同规模商场空气卫生质量调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝世轩; 蒋兆峰

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To learn the air quality in newly decorated shopping centers with different scales, provide scientific basis for making prevention and control countermeasure of air quality in shopping centers. [ Methods ] The monitoring points were set in medium and small shopping centers according to Technical rules of health monitoring for public places ( GB/T17220 - 1998 ), and evaluation was conducted according to Health requirements and standards for shopping centre ( bookstore ) ( GB 9670 - 1996 ).[ Results] The qualified rate of formaldehyde in 4 shopping centers was 0.98%, the maximum of 0.91mg/m( was 6. 58 times higher than national standard. The qualified rate of inhalable particulate matter and noise was 98.04% and 19.5% respectively. The values of formaldehyde, noise and inhaluble particulate matter in large-scale shopping centers were higher than that in medium and small shopping centers. [ Conclusion] It is necessary to pay high attention to air pollution by formaldehyde, which is serious in newly decorated shopping centers.%目的 了解镇江市不同规模新装修商场的空气质量状况,为制定商场空气卫生质量防控对策提供科学依据.方法 按照(GB/T17220-1998)对大、中、小型商场设置监测点,依据国家(GB 9670-1996)进行评价.结果 4家商场甲醛合格率仅为0.98%,最大值为0.91mg/m3,超出国家标准6 58倍;可吸入颗粒物合格率为98.04%,噪声合格率仅为19.5%;大型商场的甲醛、噪声和可吸入颗粒物的值要高于中、小型商场.结论 新装修商场空气甲醛污染较为严重,应引起高度重视.

  18. City health development planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Geoff; Acres, John; Price, Charles; Tsouros, Agis

    2009-11-01

    The objective of this evaluation was to review the evolution and process of city health development planning (CHDP) in municipalities participating in the Healthy Cities Network organized by the European Region of the World Health Organization. The concept of CHDP combines elements from three theoretical domains: (a) health development, (b) city governance and (c) urban planning. The setting was the 56 cities which participated in Phase III (1998-2002) of the Network. Evidence was gathered from documents either held in WHO archives or made available from Network cities and from interviews with city representatives. CHDPs were the centrepiece of Phase III, evolving from city health plans developed in Phase II. They are strategic documents giving direction to municipalities and partner agencies. Analysis revealed three types of CHDP, reflecting the realpolitik of each city. For many cities, the process of CHDP was as important as the plan itself.

  19. Diversity in the Schools in New York City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏

    2008-01-01

    New York City is America's classic immigrant city; it was the major historic gateway for the country's eastern and southern European arrivals a century ago and is a major receiving center today. Its immigrant history, the composition and extraordinary diversity of its current immigrant streams, and its institutions have combined to make it an immigrant city like no other in the United States. The immigrant population brings diversity in the social life, and their offspring make the classrooms diverse.

  20. Excavation of Tombs at Locus Ⅱ of the Chaiwopu Forestry Center of Urumqi City%乌鲁木齐市柴窝堡林场Ⅱ号地点墓葬的发掘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    新疆文物考古研究所; 乌鲁木齐文物保护管理所

    2003-01-01

    Ten tombs at this locus 50 km southeast of Urumqi City were excavated in 1994 by the Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and other institutions. They are arranged in order and each consists of a surface mound, an oval underground shaft, and an object pit in some cases. Most of the skeletons are buried singly, and collective burials occur occasionally. The principal burial manner is the extended supine position, and secondary burials are seen sometimes. Among the grave goods plain pottery comes first in amount, and painted ware next. In type there are the single-eared jar, bo bowl, basin, pot, etc. The painted motifs include serrated, peculiar triangular, whorl-like and net patterns. The unearthed bronzes are mainly arrowheads; some tombs yielded irons. Sheep's tail-bones were discovered in most graves. According to ~(14)C dates and comparison with tombs of adjacent areas, this cemetery can be assigned to the time corresponding to the Warring States period.

  1. Comercio ambulante en el Centro Histórico de la ciudad de México (1990-2007 Street Vendors in Mexico City's Historic Center (1990-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Alejandra Silva Londoño

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la relación entre las organizaciones de comerciantes ambulantes y el Estado en la ciudad de México. Sostenemos que debido a la falta de claridad en torno a las reglas del juego que rigen tal relación se produce un espacio para la acción en el que la (informalidad es negociada. Para ello, se hace un análisis de la correlación de fuerzas presente en el retiro de los comerciantes ambulantes en 1993 y en 2007.This article analyzes the link between street vendors' associations and government transparency that surrounds Mexico City. The author holds that lack of the rules of the game governing this relationship creates a space for the negotiation of (informality. To explore this issue, an analysis of the correlation of forces present in the removal of street vendors in 1993 and 2007 is presented.

  2. Cities, Towns, Villages with 1990 Census Population (GNIS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set contains points for 1600 populated places, cities and towns, in New Mexico. The points were generated from latitude and longitude coordinates contained...

  3. City Limits, 2004, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana

    Data.gov (United States)

    Louisiana Geographic Information Center — This is a graphical polygon dataset depicting the polygon boundaries of the incorporated city limits of Baton Rouge, Baker, and Zachary within East Baton Rouge...

  4. A recent bottleneck in the warthog and elephant populations of Queen Elizabeth National Park, revealed by a comparative study of four mammalian species in Uganda national parks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muwanika, Vincent B.; Siegismund, Hans Redlef; Okello, John Bosco A.

    2003-01-01

    Until 1972, Uganda's national parks boasted of large numbers of large mammal species. Following the breakdown of law and order between 1972 and 1985, large-scale poaching led to an unprecedented decline in numbers of most large mammals in Uganda's national parks. However, the extent of decline...... microsatellite loci (for elephant and warthog populations) and mitochondrial control sequence variation in the warthogs, elephants, buffaloes and hippopotamuses. Queen Elizabeth National Park showed extreme reduction in nucleotide diversity for two species, the common warthog (p= 0.0%) and African elephant (p= 0...... varied in the different parks across different animal species. We have investigated the genetic effects of these reductions in four mammalian species (the common warthog, African savannah elephant, savannah buffalo and common river hippopotamus) from the three major parks of Uganda using both...

  5. Margaret Fuller, Des femmes en Amérique/ Claudette Fillard, Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Naissance du féminisme américain

    OpenAIRE

    Lacoue-Labarthe, Isabelle

    2013-01-01

    Différents textes de Margaret Fuller et Elizabeth Cady Stanton, deux féministes américaines parfois oubliées de l’historiographie au profit notamment de Susan B. Anthony (dont le nom reste associé à l’amendement qui a accordé, aux États-Unis, le droit de vote aux femmes) ont récemment fait l’objet de traductions en français et d’une édition critique éclairante. Si la lecture parallèle de leurs textes fait apparaître des traits communs entre les deux militantes, parcours et convictions présent...

  6. Distribution center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Distribution center is a logistics link fulfill physical distribution as its main functionGenerally speaking, it's a large and hiahly automated center destined to receive goods from various plants and suppliers,take orders,fill them efficiently,and deliver goods to customers as quickly as possible.

  7. Melt evolution in felsic dikes inferred from the composition of gahnite in two new occurrences, Pala Chief and Elizabeth R composite dikes, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heimann, Adriana; Yonts, Jason A.; Wise, Michael A.

    2016-06-01

    We report the occurrence and composition of gahnite ([Zn,Fe,Mg,Mn]Al2O4) in aplites of the Pala Chief and Elizabeth R layered pegmatite-aplite dikes, Pala District, California, and the significance for felsic melt evolution. The aplite is characterized by alternating bands of white, fine-grained plagioclase + quartz + muscovite +/- black tourmaline and thin laminations defined by concentrations of reddish-brown garnet ("line rock"). Accessory gahnite occurs as extremely fine-grained (50-250 μm) green to bluish-green crystals. Gahnite compositions in both occurrences are similar and defined by end-member ranges Ghn83.5-90.9Hc8.7-15Spl0-1.4. Zinc contents in gahnite are high (36.7-39.5 wt.% ZnO for Pala Chief, 37.2-40.2 wt.% ZnO for Elizabeth R), the MgO and MnO contents are negligible (< 0.7 wt.%), and Fe is the main substitution present (< 6.9 wt.% FeO). Gahnite is chemically zoned and characterized by higher Zn (< 2 wt.% ZnO) and lower Fe, Mg, and Mn contents in rims compared to cores, which shows the substitution mechanism, and reflects fast growth during melt evolution via fractional crystallization followed by fast cooling. Compositional variations are greater within individual crystals than among crystals and between laminations, which indicate a homogeneous melt at the aplite scale. Compared with the composition of gahnite from pegmatites worldwide, the studied gahnite reflects a moderate degree of melt evolution. This study confirms the incompatible character of Zn in evolving pegmatite-aplite melts and shows the usefulness of gahnite as a petrogenetic indicator. Because gahnite is a resistant mineral, surficial findings of gahnite with very low Mg contents and Zn contents similar or higher than those measured here may indicate a source of granitic pegmatite-aplite.

  8. Textile materials trading center formally launched online

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Textile materials trading center was formally launched online in Wuxi City,Jiangsu Province. This is the first third-party electronic trading platform for spot trading in China textile materials professional market. The project will strive to build the most influential textile materials trading center of East China,the whole country and even the whole world China textile materials trading center will be

  9. City Car = The City Car / Andres Sevtshuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sevtshuk, Andres, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Massachusettsi Tehnoloogiainstituudi (MIT) meedialaboratooriumi juures tegutseva Targa Linna Grupi (Smart City Group) ja General Motorsi koostööna sündinud kaheistmelisest linnasõbralikust elektriautost City Car. Nimetatud töögrupi liikmed (juht William J. Mitchell, töögruppi kuulus A. Sevtshuk Eestist)

  10. Special Libraries of New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Special Libraries, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Describes the facilities, collections, and services of the following special libraries in New York City: Shea and Gould Library; American Foundation for the Blind; Brooklyn Museum; Merrill Lynch Capital Markets Library; Public Relations of American Information Center; Port Authority of New York and New Jersey; and Brooklyn Public Library Business…

  11. Hangzhou:EAST CITY,WEST LAKE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ View over West Lake,Hangzhou is in Zhejiang Province,eastern coast area of China.It is one of the most important tourism cities here,famous for its natural beauty and historical and cultural heritages,and the political,economic and cultural center of Zhejiang province as well.

  12. New York: Multi-Speak City!

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York City Economic Development Council, NY.

    This guide was written to help teachers make students aware of the multilingual and multi-ethnic nature of New York City in order to experience and explore different languages and customs. New York is a center for variety in language and culture in the areas of diplomacy, international commerce, media and communications, foods and fashion, the…

  13. Future city architecture for optimal living

    CERN Document Server

    Pardalos, Panos

    2015-01-01

      This book offers a wealth of interdisciplinary approaches to urbanization strategies in architecture centered on growing concerns about the future of cities and their impacts on essential elements of architectural optimization, livability, energy consumption and sustainability. It portrays the urban condition in architectural terms, as well as the living condition in human terms, both of which can be optimized by mathematical modeling as well as mathematical calculation and assessment.   Special features include:   ·        new research on the construction of future cities and smart cities   ·        discussions of sustainability and new technologies designed to advance ideas to future city developments   Graduate students and researchers in architecture, engineering, mathematical modeling, and building physics will be engaged by the contributions written by eminent international experts from a variety of disciplines including architecture, engineering, modeling, optimization, and relat...

  14. A Crowded City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Over 4 million vehicles on road challenge Beijing’s city management Beijing, the city once known as the kingdom of bicycles, has become clogged with automobiles, the Beijing Municipal Government Publicity Office said on December 18.

  15. Build a Green City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUYING; HAOXUE

    2005-01-01

    MA'ANSHAN,dubbed ""City of Iron and Steel,""is on the south bank of the Yangtze River in eastern Anhui Province, bordering Jiangsu Province. One of the city's most impressive features is its clean environment.

  16. 2014年长沙市中心城区犬只狂犬病免疫效果评估%Immune Effect Evaluation of Dog Rabies in the Center Downtown Area of Changsha City During 2014

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑冠伟; 陈智; 刘增再; 谭丹; 薛爽; 王洪亮; 李蜜; 朱振; 宁华杰

    2015-01-01

    为了解长沙市中心城区犬只狂犬病免疫抗体水平,给相关职能部门提供科学的防控依据,通过不定期采集全市城区17家授权免疫点犬只血样,使用法国SYBIOTICS犬猫狂犬病抗体检测试剂盒进行抗体水平检测。结果显示:2014年长沙市中心城区犬只狂犬病免疫抗体合格率为65.4%;6月龄以下犬只免疫抗体水平较低,仅为25.6%;免疫一次与免疫两次以上的抗体合格率差异性显著(P<0.05);免疫两次不同生产厂家疫苗的抗体合格率差异性显著(P<0.05);免疫三次及以上不同生产厂家疫苗的免疫抗体合格率差异不显著;国产疫苗比进口疫苗的免疫抗体水平要高,但差异不显著。结果提示,应重点关注6月龄以下犬的免疫工作;免疫程序需进一步优化;应继续加大对国产疫苗免疫效果的评估。%In order to know the dog rabies antibody level of the downtown area of Changsha City and provide technical supporting for the relevant functional departments for prevention and control,the blood samples of vaccinated dogs were collected in 17 authorized immune points all over the city,and the antibody-level detection were conducted with the French SYBIOTICS dogs and cats rabies antibody detection kits. The results showed:The overall rate of rabies immune antibody with protective level was 65.4% in downtown area of Changsha City in 2014;for dogs under 6-month-old was 25.6%,relevantly lower. The results also showed: the difference of the rate of antibody with protective level was signifi-cant(P<0.05) between one time vaccination and two times;and the difference was significant (P<0.05)between two time vaccination by using two different vaccines produced by different manufacturers;The difference was not significant be-tween three or more time vaccination by using two different vaccines produced by different manufacturers;The immune antibody level of domestic vaccine was higher than

  17. A City Is a Complex Network

    CERN Document Server

    Jiang, Bin

    2015-01-01

    A city is not a tree but a semi-lattice. To use a more fashionable term, a city is a complex network. The complex network constitutes a unique topological perspective on cities and enables us to better understand the kind of problem a city is. The topological perspective differentiates it from the perspectives of Euclidean geometry and Gaussian statistics that deal with essentially regular shapes and more or less similar things. Many urban theories, such as the Central Place Theory, Zipf's Law, the Image of the City, and the Theory of Centers can be interpreted from the point of view of complex networks. A livable city consists of far more small things than large ones, and their shapes tend to be irregular and rough. This chapter illustrates the complex network view and argues that we must abandon the kind of thinking guided by Euclidean geometry and Gaussian statistics, and instead adopt fractal geometry, power-law statistics, and Alexander's living geometry to develop sustainable cities. Keywords: Scaling, ...

  18. The Creative Cities Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The Creative Cities Network, started by UNESCO in 2004, is one of the world’s highest-level non-governmental organizations in creative industry. The network focuses on the excellence of its member cities as its main product, and finds ways to maintain relevance in city life, local economy

  19. Revisiting city connectivity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mans, U.

    2014-01-01

    This article introduces a new perspective on city connectivity in order to analyze non-hub cities and their position in the world economy. The author revisits the different approaches discussed in the Global Commodity Chains (GCC), Global Production Networks (GPN) and World City Network (WCN) discou

  20. Rural Roots,City Shoots

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    China’s vast army of rural migrant laborers is gradually finding a more permanent place in the cities Just months ago,Zhu Xueqin,a 31-year-old migrant worker in Shanghai,couldn’t imagine that she would be in the center of the media limelight as one of three migrant worker deputies of the 11th National People’s Congress(NPC)held in March. When she came to Shanghai from the countryside 12 years ago,she had only a middle school diploma.But her diligence and intelligence have helped her to work her way

  1. Rotina de procedimentos utilizados na seleção e adaptação de aparelhos de amplificação sonora individual em centros auditivos na cidade de Porto Alegre, Brasil - RS Routine of procedures used on the selection and adaptation of hearing aids at hearing centers in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil - RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariele Boscaini Zandavalli

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: verificar a rotina de procedimentos realizados com pacientes candidatos ao uso de aparelho de amplificação sonora individual, em Centros Auditivos na cidade de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul no Brasil. MÉTODOS: participaram do estudo 14 Centros Auditivos, por meio de questionário preenchido pelo fonoaudiólogo (a, responsável técnico (a pelo estabelecimento. RESULTADOS: os resultados encontrados indicaram que os únicos procedimentos realizados em 100% dos centros auditivos foram a audiometria tonal limiar, a otoscopia e a pré-moldagem. Quanto ao tipo de aparelhos auditivos, moldes auriculares e tecnologia mais indicados foram retroauriculares, invisíveis simples e digitais, respectivamente. Na adaptação a faixa etária mais comumente foi de 60 a 79 anos, o tipo de adaptação monoaural, e a maioria dos centros auditivos realizam orientações de uso, acompanhamento após aquisição e experiência domiciliar prévia. CONCLUSÃO: os resultados mostraram que não existiram divergências entre os centros auditivos pesquisados, mas que alguns procedimentos teriam importância significativa para o processo de seleção de aparelhos auditivos, pois os mesmos contribuiriam para o sucesso de uma protetização efetiva.PURPOSES: to check the routine of procedures used with patients which were candidates to using hearing aid, in Hearing Centers in the city of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil. METHODS: 14 Hearing Centers took part in the study, through a questionnaire which was filled in by the Speech Therapist incumbent upon the Center. RESULTS: the results we've found have shown that the sole procedures used in 100% of the Hearing Centers were the threshold tonal audiometry, the otoscopy and the pre-molding. As for the most indicated types of hearing aids, as well as auricular molds and technology, they were retroauricular, simple, invisible and digital, respectively. In the adaptation, the most common age went from 60 to

  2. Aerosol pollution potential from major population centers

    OpenAIRE

    Kunkel, D.; Tost, H.; Lawrence, M. G.

    2012-01-01

    Major population centers (MPCs) or mega-cities represent the largest of growing urban agglomerations with major societal and environmental implications. In terms of air quality they are seen as localized but strong emission sources of aerosols and trace gases which in turn affect air pollution levels in the city or in downwind regions. In the state-of-the-art atmospheric chemistry general circulation model EMAC, generic aerosol and gas phase tracers with equal emission source strengths at 46 ...

  3. Tri-Cities Index of Innovation and Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fowler, Richard A.; Scott, Michael J.; Butner, Ryan S.

    2011-01-17

    In 2001 and 2004, the Economic Development Office of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory published companion reports to the Washington Technology Center Index studies that provided additional information on the Tri-Cities (Kennewick-Richland-Pasco) area of the state, its technology businesses, and important advantages that the Tri-Cities have as places to live and do business. These reports also compared the Tri-Cities area to other technology-based metropolitan areas in the Pacific Northwest and nation along critical dimensions known to be important to technology firms. This report updates the material in these earlier reports, and highlights a growing Tri-Cities metropolitan area.

  4. Telework centers as local development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Anne

    2013-01-01

    projects. A record of the development challenges of the two host municipalities Jammerbugt and Brønderslev, to contextualize the telework centers in the local context. And finally a preliminary analysis and discussion of the two telework centers in relation to their potential community benefits......This paper discusses the establishment of distant work centers as an element in local development strategies in rural areas with a particular view on two new telework centers in Region North Denmark Distant work is a phenomenon on the rise, due to the development of the internet on the one hand...... regardless of location, as long as there is access to internet. Not only firms, but individual labor is potentially liberated from the logic of physical location and proximity. Technically speaking ‘geography is dead’ and the clustering of new service jobs in big cities is no longer a technical necessity...

  5. Me, the City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Lidin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The search for identity of cities looks rather urgent and attracts attention of many researchers. Addressing this issue, the article draws an analogy between a human person and a city. Like a city, a human being needs to comprehend his self-identity in order to resist depressive tendencies. It is shown that a person’s depressive symptoms are similar to those of cities. The city identity necessary to resist depression can be searched for both historically and geographically. The historical aspect consists of local myths and legends about the city and the citizens. The geographical aspect of identity comprises features of the terrain, climate, flora and fauna of the region where the city is located.

  6. Survey and Research of Female Sports Consumption of Fitness Centers in Kun Ming City Business%昆明市商业健身场所女性体育消费调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴华椅; 黄金伟

    2011-01-01

    本文主要采用问卷调查法、文献资料法和数据统计法等方法。对昆明市商业健身场所的女性消费者进行基本情况调查、消费动机以及获取健身消费信息途径等调查分析。目的在于为女性消费者提供参考和指导、为商业健身场所提供数据支持。%In this research,the methodologies include: questionnaire,literature reviews,statistic research.Doing Commercial Fitness Centers of Kun Ming City's general survey of female consumers,consumer motivation and consumer access to information channels such as

  7. A longitudinal study of enterobiasis in three day care centers of Havana City Estudo longitudinal de enterobíase em três creches da cidade de Havana, Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fidel Angel Núñez

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available Pinworm infection was prospectively studied during one year in 469 children attending three day care centers. Each child was examined at six months intervals using up to three perianal swabs with adhesive tape. Those found infected were treated with mebendazole. At the beginning of the study we found a prevalence of 28% that dropped to 13% and 12% in the following study periods. The reinfection rate was twice the incidence rate in both study periods. We also found a small percentage (10% of the children reinfected in most or all study periods. There was a high correlation between reinfection and perianal itching. Our results add further knowledge to the epidemiology of intestinal parasites in day care centers.Infecção por oxiuros foi estudada prospectivamente durante um ano em 469 crianças de três creches. Cada criança foi examinada com intervalos de 6 meses usando até 3 esfregaços perianais com fita adesiva. As que estavam infectadas foram tratadas com mebendazole. No início do estudo foi encontrada prevalência de 28% que caiu para 13% e 12% nos períodos de estudo posteriores. A freqüência de reinfecção foi 2 vezes a incidência em ambos os períodos de estudo. Foi encontrada, também, pequena porcentagem (10% de crianças reinfectadas na maioria ou em todos os períodos de estudo. Existiu elevada correlação entre reinfecção e coceira perianal. Nossos resultados adicionam outros conhecimentos à epidemiología dos parásitos intestinais em creches.

  8. City of Tallahassee Innovative Energy Initiatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilder, Todd; Moragne, Corliss L.

    2014-06-25

    The City of Tallahassee's Innovative Energy Initiatives program sought, first, to evaluate customer response and acceptance to in-home Smart Meter-enabled technologies that allow customers intelligent control of their energy usage. Additionally, this project is in furtherance of the City of Tallahassee's ongoing efforts to expand and enhance the City's Smart Grid capacity and give consumers more tools with which to effectively manage their energy consumption. This enhancement would become possible by establishing an "operations or command center" environment that would be designed as a dual use facility for the City's employees - field and network staff - and systems responsible for a Smart Grid network. A command center would also support the City's Office of Electric Delivery and Energy Reliability's objective to overcome barriers to the deployment of new technologies that will ensure a truly modern and robust grid capable of meeting the demands of the 2151 century.

  9. High Adherence to Iron/Folic Acid Supplementation during Pregnancy Time among Antenatal and Postnatal Care Attendant Mothers in Governmental Health Centers in Akaki Kality Sub City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Hierarchical Negative Binomial Poisson Regression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebreamlak, Bisratemariam; Dadi, Abel Fekadu; Atnafu, Azeb

    2017-01-01

    Background Iron deficiency during pregnancy is a risk factor for anemia, preterm delivery, and low birth weight. Iron/Folic Acid supplementation with optimal adherence can effectively prevent anemia in pregnancy. However, studies that address this area of adherence are very limited. Therefore, the current study was conducted to assess the adherence and to identify factors associated with a number of Iron/Folic Acid uptake during pregnancy time among mothers attending antenatal and postnatal care follow up in Akaki kality sub city. Methods Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 557 pregnant women attending antenatal and postnatal care service. Systematic random sampling was used to select study subjects. The mothers were interviewed and the collected data was cleaned and entered into Epi Info 3.5.1 and analyzed by R version 3.2.0. Hierarchical Negative Binomial Poisson Regression Model was fitted to identify the factors associated with a number of Iron/Folic Acid uptake. Adjusted Incidence rate ratio (IRR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was computed to assess the strength and significance of the association. Result More than 90% of the mothers were supplemented with at least one Iron/Folic Acid supplement from pill per week during their pregnancy time. Sixty percent of the mothers adhered (took four or more tablets per week) (95%CI, 56%—64.1%). Higher IRR of Iron/Folic Acid supplementation was observed among women: who received health education; which were privately employed; who achieved secondary education; and who believed that Iron/Folic Acid supplements increase blood, whereas mothers who reported a side effect, who were from families with relatively better monthly income, and who took the supplement when sick were more likely to adhere. Conclusion Adherence to Iron/Folic Acid supplement during their pregnancy time among mothers attending antenatal and postnatal care was found to be high. Activities that would address the

  10. Epidemiological aspects of enteroparasitosis at daycare centers in the city of Botucatu, State of São Paulo, Brazil Aspectos epidemiológicos das enteroparasitoses em creches na cidade de Botucatu, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciene Maura Mascarini

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of intestinal parasites in children and staff members of 5 municipal daycare centers in Botucatu/SP. Two cross-sectional studies were carried out in 2002 (N=379 and 2003 (N=397 and a longitudinal observational experiment in which the children from 2002 and 2003 were evaluated for a year. Questionnaires were given to staff members and parents of the children, where the following variables were recorded: socioeconomic status, sanitary habits, home, age, gender and presence of domestic animals. Coproparasitologic tests were carried out in child daycare centers. The enteroparasite prevalence was 76.74% in 2002 and 34% in 2003. The variables associated with presence of enteroparasites in the investigation carried out in 2002 were: location of daycare centers (OR=0.27 CI=0.15-0.47; family salary (OR=4.38 CI=1.91-10.04; gender (OR=0.52 CI=0.32-0.85; child's age group (OR=2.08 CI=1.06-4.08, and presence of pets at home (OR=1.85 CI=1.10-3.11; in 2003, the variables were: daycare centers located in peripheral region (OR=0.49 CI=0.31-0.78, family salary (OR=3.69 CI=2.19-6.24; mother's education (OR=6.19 CI=1.81-21.21; gender (OR=0.58 CI=0.36-0.93, and presence of pets (OR=1.68 CI=1.01-2.79. The cohort had 253 children with an incidence of 23.22%. Data from this study highlighted situations of risk in specific populations (daycare centers, which could be useful for other childcare institutions.Estimou-se a prevalência e a incidência de parasitas intestinais em crianças e funcionários de 5 creches municipais em Botucatu/SP. Foram realizados dois estudos seccionais em 2002 (N=379 e 2003 (N=397 e um estudo longitudinal observacional, onde as crianças de 2002 e 2003 foram seguidas por um ano. Foram aplicados questionários nos funcionários e nos pais das crianças, onde foram coletadas as seguintes variáveis: nível sócio-econômico, hábitos sanitários, moradia, idade, sexo e presença de animais dom

  11. City Carbon Footprint Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangwu Chen

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Progressive cities worldwide have demonstrated political leadership by initiating meaningful strategies and actions to tackle climate change. However, the lack of knowledge concerning embodied greenhouse gas (GHG emissions of cities has hampered effective mitigation. We analyse trans-boundary GHG emission transfers between five Australian cities and their trading partners, with embodied emission flows broken down into major economic sectors. We examine intercity carbon footprint (CF networks and disclose a hierarchy of responsibility for emissions between cities and regions. Allocations of emissions to households, businesses and government and the carbon efficiency of expenditure have been analysed to inform mitigation policies. Our findings indicate that final demand in the five largest cities in Australia accounts for more than half of the nation’s CF. City households are responsible for about two thirds of the cities’ CFs; the rest can be attributed to government and business consumption and investment. The city network flows highlight that over half of emissions embodied in imports (EEI to the five cities occur overseas. However, a hierarchy of GHG emissions reveals that overseas regions also outsource emissions to Australian cities such as Perth. We finally discuss the implications of our findings on carbon neutrality, low-carbon city concepts and strategies and allocation of subnational GHG responsibility.

  12. Core competence status quo of nurses in community health service centers in main urban region in Chongqing city and its influencing factors%重庆市主城区社区卫生服务中心护士核心能力现状及影响因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志伟; 谢莉玲; 张小敏; 操帅; 杨雯茜

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To survey the core competence status quo and influencing factors of nurses in community health service centers in Chongqing city.Methods:A total of 358 registered nurses from 18 community health service centers in the main urban area in Chongqing city were selected by cluster sampling.The survey was con-ducted by using the General Information Questionnaire and the Community Nurses Core Competency Question-naire and to analyze the influencing factors.Results:The total score of community nurses’core competence was (187.96±35.57)in the main urban area in Chongqing city;the average score of all items was(3.35±0.63);the scores of all dimensions from high to low were(3.63±0.69)in community nursing practical ability,(3.57±0.67) in communication (3.39±0.68)in legal ethics practical ability(3.22±0.74)in professional development abili-ty,and(3.21±0.66)in critical thinking ability.Multiple linear regression analysis showed that job title,educa-tion background and monthly income were the influencing factors of community nurses’core competence(R2=0.57).Conclusion:The core competence of community nurses in the main urban area in Chongqing city was at the middle level.The community managers should formulate targeted management measures to improve the core competence of nurses in community and provide guarantee for enhancing community nursing service quality and level.%[目的]调查重庆市主城区社区卫生服务中心护士核心能力的现状及其影响因素。[方法]采用整群抽样法抽取重庆市主城区18所社区卫生服务中心的358名注册护士,使用一般资料调查表及社区护士核心能力调查问卷对其进行调查,并分析其影响因素。[结果]重庆市主城区社区护士总体核心能力得分为187.96分±35.57分,条目均分为3.35分±0.63分,各维度得分由高到低为社区护理实践能力(3.63分±0.69分)、沟通协调能力(3.57分±0.67分)、法律伦理实践能力(3.39分±0.68

  13. Dalian: A Beautiful City of Northern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Dalian is a young city with only a 100-year history. Situated at the tip of China's Liaodong Peninsular, it is a trading and financial center in northeastern Asia and has gained the name the "Hong Kong of Northern China". The old name of Dalian was first used by an official in his memorial to Emperor Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty referring to the present Dalian Gulf. In the early 20th century, the gulf area developed quickly and Dalian expanded into a city of significant size and importance.

  14. Intervention on housing of Meridas Historic Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Mansur

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals about the importance of rethink and recover the principle of dwelling as an esential principle of Architecture and Urbanism, that allows to comprehend in a deeper meaning, that the sense and importance of Restauration and Intervention of Meridas Historic City Center implies the recover of habits and customs in dayly life of Merida that used to exist previous the economic and social Modernization that generated a transformation in the way of life and interest of citizens, and with that, the transformation of the shape of Merida and the abandon and deterioration of the Historic City Center.

  15. What is Clean Cities? October 2011 (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-10-01

    Brochure describes the Clean Cities program and includes the contact information for its 85 coalitions. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP), Clean Cities is a government-industry partnership that reduces petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. Clean Cities contributes to the energy, environmental, and economic security of the United States by supporting local decisions to reduce our dependence on imported petroleum. Established in 1993 in response to the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992, the partnership provides tools and resources for voluntary, community-centered programs to reduce consumption of petroleum-based fuels. In nearly 100 coalitions, government agencies and private companies voluntarily come together under the umbrella of Clean Cities. The partnership helps all parties identify mutual interests and meet the objectives of reducing the use of petroleum, developing regional economic opportunities, and improving air quality. Clean Cities deploys technologies and practices developed by VTP. These include idle-reduction equipment, electric-drive vehicles, fuel economy measures, and renewable and alternative fuels, such as natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (propane), electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, and biogas. Idle-reduction equipment is targeted primarily to buses and heavy-duty trucks, which use more than 2 billion gallons of fuel every year in the United States while idling. Clean Cities fuel economy measures include public education on vehicle choice and fuel-efficient driving practices.

  16. Mobility and accessibility in historic cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Ana Carla; Paschoalin, Rachel Filgueiras; Castañon, José Alberto

    2012-01-01

    The historic cities of Brazil, despite its colonial structure, don't fail to go through transformations that affect contemporary cities, which is the main source of problems, leading to new approaches to urban issues such as mobility and accessibility. The uncontrolled growth of tourism in the historic cities can be considered as a big problem, because at the same time, they have committed to the conservation of its built heritage and demand control of the activities that occur in their areas without harm. Then, a permanent dialogue between conservatives and planners could be accomplished by joining the various sectoral policies. The study of urban mobility in historical sites was in fact the focus of this work because of their peculiarities, such as its specific characteristics of urban structure, morphology and occupation. In fact, the development of tourism in historic centers generates specific demands, such as adaptation to new uses of the houses, intensive movement of people and vehicles, illegal parking, among others. Beyond threatening the city preservation, does not provide mobility and accessibility to tourists, because these cities were not designed for the tourism conditions and needs of contemporary life. Characteristic features of Brazilian baroque cities, such as topography , the narrow streets, narrow or nonexistent sidewalks, steep turns and ramps strong, are not suitable for heavy vehicles, traffic and pedestrian circulation. Thus, studies concerning conservation urban integrated are aimed at an approach to interaction between historic preservation of the environment with the dynamic socio-economic of the local.

  17. [The role of the pharmacist in dispensing medication in Adult Psychosocial Care Centers in the city of São Paulo, Capital of the State of São Paulo, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanella, Carolina Gomes; Aguiar, Patricia Melo; Storpirtis, Sílvia

    2015-02-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of the pharmacist in dispensing medication by conducting cross-sectional exploratory-descriptive research in eight Adult Psychosocial Care Centers (CAPS) in São Paulo. The pharmacists responsible for each of the dispensing units studied filled out a semi-structured questionnaire about the service provided. Two Adult CAPS units were selected from each of the North, South, Eastand West regions of São Paulo. The central region has no Adult CAPS, and was therefore not included in the study. Most of the respondents were aged between 35 and 40 years and were predominantly female. It was found that half of the respondents performed only 25% of dispensations and few conducted an analysis of all prescriptions before dispensing medication. All respondents contacted the prescriber if any medication-related problems a rose. However, few pharmaceutical interventions were commonly performed. Furthermore, one respondent indicated that all his/her functions in the pharmacy could be delegated to another professional. These findings reveal the pressing need for actions that ensure the ongoing training of pharmacists to enable them to be clinically prepared to deal with patients with mental disorders.

  18. 混合功能发展与需求侧供能--高密度亚洲城市中心区再发展的节能契机%Mixed Function Development And Demand-Side Energy Supply Energy Saving Opportunity Of High Density Asia City Center Area Redevelopment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄林琳

    2015-01-01

    Under condition of energy-saving emission reduction promoting the city urbanization is a major topic in our country. This article tries to analyze correlation from the land use and energy usage types, based on demand-side energy supply modes, such as rapid development efficient use of waste heat in recent years (CCHP or DES) as technical conditions, from energy efficiency to explore energy saving opportunity of high density Asia city center area redevelopment, in order to achieve final maximization of architecture infrastructure service, minimization of urban activities consumption resources and diversification of residents activity types, new mixed function development theory model–EEOD( energy efficiency-oriented development mode).%在节能减排的前提下推进城市化进程是我国当前面临的重大课题。该文尝试从土地利用与用能类型之间的相关性入手,以近年来快速发展的以高效利用余热为特色的需求侧供能模式(CCHP或DES)为技术条件,从能效出发发掘高密度亚洲城市中心区的节能契机,最终架构基础设施服务范围最大化、城市活动消耗资源最小化、居民活动类型多样化的新型“混合功能发展”理论模式——EEOD。

  19. Citizen centered design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Mulder

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Today architecture has to design for rapidly changing futures, in a citizen-centered way. That is, architecture needs to embrace meaningful design. Societal challenges ask for a new paradigm in city-making, which combines top-down public management with bottom-up social innovation to reach meaningful design. The biggest challenge is indeed to embrace a new collaborative attitude, a participatory approach, and to have the proper infrastructure that supports this social fabric. Participatory design and transition management are future-oriented, address people and institutions. Only through understanding people in context and the corresponding dynamics, one is able to design for liveable and sustainable urban environments, embracing the human scale.

  20. Cities as development drivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnson, Bjørn; Poulsen, Tjalfe; Hansen, Jens Aage

    2011-01-01

    for innovative problem solving and potential spill-over effects, which may stimulate further economic growth and development. This paper discusses how waste problems of cities can be transformed to become part of new, more sustainable solutions. Two cases are explored: Aalborg in Denmark and Malmö in Sweden....... It is shown that the cities have the potential to significantly contribute to a more sustainable development through increased material recycling and energy recovery. Waste prevention may increase this potential. For example, instead of constituting 3% of the total greenhouse gas emission problem, it seems......There is a strong connection between economic growth and development of cities. Economic growth tends to stimulate city growth, and city economies have often shaped innovative environments that in turn support economic growth. Simultaneously, social and environmental problems related to city growth...

  1. Do centro à periferia: meio ambiente e cotidiano na cidade de São Paulo From center to periphery: environment and daily life in the city of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Jacobi

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta resultados de pesquisa que aborda a percepção dos moradores sobre os problemas ambientais, a forma de resolução e os agentes envolvidos. Os problemas ambientais urbanos são pesquisados no nível domiciliar através da percepção que os moradores têm de suas qualidade e condições de vida. Para apresentar as diferenças nas percepções, nas atitudes e nas condições sócio-ambientais do município, foram escolhidas três regiões que representam os estratos de alta, média e baixa renda que residem nas regiões central, intermediária e periférica. Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que, apesar das conhecidas diferenças entre áreas centrais e periféricas, os moradores revelam uma grande dependência da ação governamental. As diferenças na ênfase dada aos problemas entre as três regiões mostram que enquanto os mais excluídos privilegiam o aspecto quantitativo -garantia do acesso ao serviço- os moradores dos bairros centrais e intermediários privilegiam uma perspectiva global do serviço -limpeza dos rios, fontes de água e reservatórios de água. Os resultados reforçam as já bem conhecidas diferenças e desigualdades entre as áreas centrais, intermediárias e periféricas da cidade, sendo que neste complexo contexto urbano, a realidade sócio-ambiental de uma grande parte da população está caracterizada pelas dimensões da exclusão, dos problemas, do risco, da falta de informação e dos canais de participação.This paper reviews the differences in household perceptions of what constitutes environmental problems, what should be done about them, and who should take action. Built on a household survey undertaken in the city of São Paulo, the paper presents the environmental conditions in three selected areas: one central, one intermediate, and one peripheral. People's responses to improve the environment are then compared. In the lower peripheral area, the main concern relates to the lack of

  2. 五省市乡镇卫生院人员离职概率的结构方程模型分析*%The Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of Resignation Probability in Township Health Centers in 5 Provinces and Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋奎勐; 孟庆跃

    2013-01-01

      目的:基于ERG需要理论,分析影响我国乡镇卫生院人员离职概率的因素。方法:以ERG需要理论为基础构建结构方程模型。样本包括5省市403名乡镇卫生院人员。结果:模型拟合结果较好,生存需要和关系需要的满足程度是导致乡镇卫生院人员离职的主要因素。结论:政策制定者应切实保障乡镇卫生院人员的收入和待遇,完善乡镇卫生院的工作条件和生活便利措施,降低卫生院人员的离职概率。%Objective: According to ERG ( Existence Relatedness Growth) needs theory, analyze factors influencing the resignation probability in Township Health Centers (THC). Methods: Structural equation model was used based on ERG needs theory. The sample consists of 403 stuffs in the THC. Results: The result of model fitting goes well. The satisfaction levels of the needs to survive and the needs of relationship become the major influencing factors of resignation probability in the THC. Conclusion: To reduce the resignation probability in THC, it needs to guarantee their income and benefits, improve working condition and living convenience facilities.

  3. The Right to the City: From Henri Lefebvre to the Analysis about the Contemporary Capitalist City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Molano Camargo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The right to the city, defined by Henri Lefebvre in 1967 as the right of urban inhabitants to build, decide and create the city, and make of it a privileged space of anti-capitalist struggle, is again at the center of political debate. Social scientists, social movements, international aid agencies and States take it as a benchmark for policy analysis and to discuss the urban changes in contemporary capitalist cities. This article discusses the assumptions made by Lefebvre in 1967 and the transformation that the concept of right to the city has had from authors such as David Harvey, Edward Soja and Ana Fani Alessandri Carlos.

  4. Lost Cities, Recovered Cities: Technology in the Service of the Past

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Fernández Ruiz

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Cities are living entities that change almost daily but its people are aware of it. They forget the state before the great changes and people become accustomed to the new urban image. In a hundred years a city can completely change its appearance and even its essence. This is the case of Granada, where its historic center was heavily modified during the nineteenth century. These changes have been studied by a project analyzing and virtually rebuilding the historic city. The work ranges from the Rey Chico, below the Alhambra palace, to Puerta Real, restoring the image of the city around 1831, based on the engravings and descriptions of romantic travelers, on the previous alignments and transformations in old pictures.

  5. EU Smart City Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmela Gargiulo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years European Commission has developed a set of documents for Members States tracing, directly or indirectly, recommendations for the transformation of the European city. The paper wants to outline which future EU draws for the city, through an integrated and contextual reading of addresses and strategies contained in the last documents, a future often suggested as Smart City. Although the three main documents (Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 of European Community, Digital Agenda for Europe and European Urban Agenda face the issue of the future development of European cities from different points of view, which are respectively cohesion social, ICT and urban dimension, each of them pays particular attention to urban and territorial dimension, identified by the name of Smart City. In other words, the paper aims at drawing the scenario of evolution of Smart Cities that can be delineated through the contextual reading of the three documents. To this end, the paper is divided into three parts: the first part briefly describes the general contents of the three European economic plan tools; the second part illustrates the scenarios for the future of the European city contained in each document; the third part seeks to trace the evolution of the Smart Cities issue developed by the set of the three instruments, in order to provide the framework of European Community for the near future of our cities

  6. Different Creative Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Mark; Vaarst Andersen, Kristina

    2012-01-01

    and exhibits a tendency of congregating in major cities with diverse service and cultural offers and tolerance to non-mainstream lifestyles. However, we find that a range of smaller Danish cities also attract the creative class. Second, we undertake qualitative interviews that facilitate theory building. We...... suggest that many creatives are attracted by the smaller cities' cost advantages, specialized job offers, attractive work/life balances, and authenticity and sense of community. The article synthesizes its results into four stylized types of creative cities, and concludes by discussing the policy...

  7. Suburbs and Cities

    OpenAIRE

    William N. Goetzmann; Matthew I. Spiegel; Susan M. Wachter

    1996-01-01

    This paper addresses the issue of how closely the fortunes of suburbs are tied to the fortunes of the central city. We use similarities in residential housing price dynamics as a measure of how closely the economies of cities and suburbs are related. We develop housing price indices for most of the zip codes in California, and use these in a clustering procedure to see whether cities and suburbs naturally aggregate together, or whether they move separately. We find that central cities tend to...

  8. Smart City: aspetti geomatici di un paradigma “fuzzy”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Fiduccia

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Il concetto di Smart City viene proposto con molte varianti non sempre tra loro coerenti. Ne sceglieremol’accezione che propone la possibilità di una migliore qualità della vita negli spazi urbani rimpiazzandone lacaotica complessità con innovazioni tecnologiche per realizzare i nostri progetti di lavoro e di vita. All’interno delparadigma ci concentreremo sugli specifici aspetti del segmento disciplinare della geomatica.Smart City: geomatics aspects of afuzzy paradigmThe label smart city is still quite a fuzzyconcept and is used in ways that arenot always consistent. We endorsethe definition that “a city can be definedas ‘smart’ when investments inhuman and social capital and traditional(transport and modern (ICTcommunication infrastructure fuelsustainable economic developmentand a high quality of life, with a wisemanagement of natural resources,through participatory governance”.Geomatics provides a set of conceptsand tools for the planningand management of Smart Cities(City Sensing,City Model, ProximalSensing, WIKI Sensing, etc. The IntegratedOperations Center (IOCis the foundation using geographictechnologies to join Smart City withSafe City. Smart Grid Systems are away to make operational the urbansosteneability in the energy sector.Some Intergraph’s technologies areused as examples of the contributionof geomatics in the implementationof Smart City paradigm.

  9. Evaluating an Assistive Technology Resource Center in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Hua-Kuo

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article is intended to present the procedure and outcomes of an evaluation of the Assistive Technology Resource Center in a city of Taiwan. The evaluation was initiated by Chiayi City Government through inviting three professionals in the field of assistive technology as evaluators. For the purpose of evaluation, the Executive…

  10. 2010与2012年安康中心城区蚊类调查研究%Investigation on the mosquitoes in the center urban area of Ankang City in 2010 and 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘平; 周以军; 原凌云; 张永英; 马小明; 蒋定康; 杨俊锋

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the seasonal change rules of population density of mosquitoes in the center urban of Ankang in 2010 and 2012,so as to provide basis for formulating control and prevention measures.Methods Lamp baited trap method was applied to the surveillance from April to October in 2010 and 2012 at different breeding places of the mosquito,and the mosquitoes captured were classified and counted.Results A total of 4 genera and 7 species of mosquitoes were captured,including culex tritaeniorhynchus,culex pipiens pallens,armigeres subalbatus,culex fatigans and anopheles sinensis,which accounted for 45.33%,35.75%,9.42%,4.95%,4.49%,respectively.The seasonal growth and decay of mosquitoes were the same in 2010 and 2012.Mosquitoes began to appear at the beginning of April,density peak appeared from late May to early August,and the highest density appeared from late May to early July.From early August to late October,mosquito seasonal fluctuation curve decreased gradually.The mosquito density of the hospital and animal shed was 3.82,3.39 per lamp · h respectively; Compared with 2012 and 2010,the density of each ten-day in 2012 was low.There was significant difference of mosquito population distribution in different seasons and different breeding places in 2010 and 2012.Conclusions The mosquito density was still high in the center urban area of Ankang,thus we should further establish the comprehensive measures of prevention and control system based on a breeding ground,and supplemented by biological,physical and chemical.Long -term,continuous,systematic monitoring and killing mosquito drug resistance test will provide scientific basis for prevention and control of mosquito and mosquito-borne diseases.%目的 了解安康中心城区2010与2012年蚊类种群密度季节消长规律,为制订蚊类综合防制措施提供依据.方法 2010与2012年4~10月在不同的孳生场所采用诱蚊灯法,将捕获的蚊类进行分类统计.结果

  11. The City at Stake:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Esmann Andersen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Studies of the city have been addressed from many different approaches such as law, political science, art history and public administration, in which the eco-nomic, political and legal status of the city have played a major role. However, a new agenda for conceptualizing the city has emerged, in which the city assumes new roles. By using stakeholder theory as a framework for conceptualizing the city, we argue that the city assumes a political-economic agenda-setting role as well as providing a stage for identity constructions and relational performances for consumers, organizations, the media, politicians and other stakeholders. Stakeholder theory allows us to conceptualize the city as being constituted by stakes and relationships between stakeholders which are approached from three analytical positions (modern, postmodern and hypermodern, respectively, thereby allowing us to grasp different stakes and types of relationships, ranging from functional and contractual relationships to individualized and emotionally driven or more non-committal and fluid forms of relationships. In order to support and illustrate the analytical potentials of our framework for conceptualizing urban living, we introduce a project which aims to turn the city of Aarhus into a CO2-neutral city by the year 2030, entitled Aarhus CO2030. We conclude that applying stakeholder theory to a hyper-complex organization such as a city opens up for a reconceptualization of the city as a web of stakes and stakeholder relations. Stakeholder theory contributes to a nuanced and elaborate understanding of the urban complexity and web of both enforced and voluntary relationships as well as the different types of relationships that characterize urban life.

  12. A social network typology and sexual risk-taking among men who have sex with men in Cape Town and Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Voux, Alex; Baral, Stefan D; Bekker, Linda-Gail; Beyrer, Chris; Phaswana-Mafuya, Nancy; Siegler, Aaron J; Sullivan, Patrick S; Winskell, Kate; Stephenson, Rob

    2016-01-01

    Despite the high prevalence of HIV among men who have sex with men in South Africa, very little is known about their lived realities, including their social and sexual networks. Given the influence of social network structure on sexual risk behaviours, a better understanding of the social contexts of men who have sex with men is essential for informing the design of HIV programming and messaging. This study explored social network connectivity, an understudied network attribute, examining self-reported connectivity between friends, family and sex partners. Data were collected in Cape Town and Port Elizabeth, South Africa, from 78 men who have sex with men who participated in in-depth interviews that included a social network mapping component. Five social network types emerged from the content analysis of these social network maps based on the level of connectivity between family, friends and sex partners, and ranged from disconnected to densely connected networks. The ways in which participants reported sexual risk-taking differed across the five network types, revealing diversity in social network profiles. HIV programming and messaging for this population can greatly benefit from recognising the diversity in lived realities and social connections between men who have sex with men.

  13. 英国文学的灰姑娘:伊丽莎白·班纳特%Elizabeth Bennet:Who is Cinderella in the Britsh Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李英

    2012-01-01

    简.奥斯丁是文学史上一位著名的女作家,《傲慢与偏见》是她最具代表性的一篇作品。文章通过对主人公伊丽莎白的分析,认为小说的主人公与童话故事的灰姑娘在本质上是相同的,都具有很强的依赖性。伊丽莎白的依赖性主要表现在经济和精神上对男主人公达西的依赖。最后,作者还分析了小说产生局限性的原因。%Jane Austen is a famous female author in literature history. "Pride and Prejudice" is one of the most representative works. By analyzing, we can find that the heroine in "Pride and Prejudice", Eliza beth Bennet has a lot in common with Cinderella who is heroine in a fairy tale. Both of them are passive and dependency. In this paper, the author analyzes the financial and spiritual dependency of Elizabeth Bennet, and find out the reasons.

  14. The study on the depositional styles of major ions and the climatic effect of nssSO2-4 in Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Snow samples collected from a 50 m firn core and two snow pits along the route of the 1996/1997 Chinese First Antarctic Inland Traverse Expedition in Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica, have been analyzed for chemical composition and oxygen isotope ratio. Analyzing the relationship between the concentration and flux of major ions and accumulation rate can draw the following conclusions. 1 ) The concentrations of major ions in the atmosphere in the study region is big enough so that the concentrations of the ions do not vary with snow accumulation rate, that is to say, the concentrations of major chemical species are independent of snow accumulation rate. 2) The results of analyzing the depositional styles of major chemical species suggest that wet deposition dominates the major ions flux. In addition, there is no apparent correlation between nssSO2-4 fluctuations and isotope profile. This would indicate the short-term climatic effect of volcanism is not evident in the region.

  15. Geochemical characterization of slags, other mines wastes, and their leachates from the Elizabeth and Ely mines (Vermont), the Ducktown mining district (Tennessee), and the Clayton smelter site (Idaho)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piatak, Nadine M.; Seal, Robert R., II; Hammarstrom, Jane M.; Meier, Allen L.; Briggs, Paul H.

    2003-01-01

    Waste-rock material produced at historic metal mines contains elevated concentrations of potentially toxic trace elements. Two types of mine waste were examined in this study: sintered waste rock and slag. The samples were collected from the Elizabeth and Ely mines in the Vermont copper belt (Besshi-type massive sulfide deposits), from the Copper Basin mining district near Ducktown, Tennessee (Besshi-type massive sulfide deposits), and from the Clayton silver mine in the Bayhorse mining district, Idaho (polymetallic vein and replacement deposits). The data in this report are presented as a compilation with minimal interpretation or discussion. A detailed discussion and interpretation of the slag data are presented in a companion paper. Data collected from sintered waste rock and slag include: (1) bulk rock chemistry, (2) mineralogy, (3) and the distribution of trace elements among phases for the slag samples. In addition, the reactivity of the waste material under surficial conditions was assessed by examining secondary minerals formed on slag and by laboratory leaching tests using deionized water and a synthetic solution approximating precipitation in the eastern United States.

  16. Ice thickness, internal layers, and surface and subglacial topography in the vicinity of Chinese Antarctic Taishan station in Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang Xue-Yuan; Guo Jing-Xue; Sun Bo; Wang Tian-Tian; Cui Xiang-Bin

    2016-01-01

    We present the results of two ground-based radio-echo-sounding (RES) and GPS surveys performed in the vicinity of new Chinese Taishan station, Princess Elizabeth Land, East Antarctica, obtained in two austral summers during CHINARE 21 (2004/2005) and CHINARE 29 (2012/2013). The radar surveys measured ice thickness and internal layers using 60- and 150-MHz radar systems, and GPS measurements showed smooth surface slopes around the station with altitudes of 2607–2636 m above sea level (a.s.l.). Radar profiles indicate an average ice thickness of 1900 m, with a maximum of 1949 m and a minimum of 1856 m, within a square area measuring approximately 2 km × 2 km in the vicinity of the station. The ice thickness beneath the station site is 1870 m. The subglacial landscape beneath the station is quiet sharp and ranges from 662 to 770 m a.s.l., revealing part of a mountainous topography. The ice volume in the grid is estimated to be 7.6 km3. Along a 60-MHz radar profi le with a length of 17.6 km at the region covering the station site, some disturbed internal layers are identifi ed and traced; the geometry of internal layers within the englacial stratigraphy may imply a complex depositional process in the area.

  17. Drawing the eczema aesthetic: the psychological effects of chronic skin disease as depicted in the works of John Updike, Elizabeth Bishop, and Zelda Fitzgerald.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatum, Karen E

    2010-06-01

    How might the psycho-social effects of chronic skin disease, its treatments (and discontents) be figuratively expressed in writing and painting? Does the art reveal common denominators in experience and representation? If so, how do we understand the cryptic language of these expressions? By examining the works of artists with chronic skin diseases--John Updike, Elizabeth Bishop, and Zelda Fitzgerald--some common features can be noted. Chronically broken skin can fracture the ego or self-perception, resulting in a disturbed body image, which leads to personality disorders and co-morbid affective disorders such as anxiety and depression. The vertiginous feeling that results can be noted in the paradoxical characters, figures, and psyches portrayed in the works of these artists. This essay will examine the more specific ways in which artists disclose and/or conceal their experiences and the particular ways in which these manifest in their works. While certain nuances exist, the common denominators give us a starting point for developing an eczema aesthetic, a code for interpreting the ways in which artists' experiences with skin disease manifest in their works.

  18. Neighborhood Physical Disorder in New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, James W; Mooney, Stephen J; Sheehan, Daniel M; Teitler, Julien O; Neckerman, Kathryn M; Kaufman, Tanya K; Lovasi, Gina S; Bader, Michael D M; Rundle, Andrew G

    Neighborhood physical disorder, or the deterioration of urban environments, is associated with negative mental and physical health outcomes. Eleven trained raters used CANVAS, a web-based system for conducting reliable virtual street audits, to collect data on nine indicators of physical disorder using Google Street View imagery of 532 block faces in New York City, New York, USA. We combined the block face indicator data into a disorder scale using item response theory; indicators ranged in severity from presence of litter, a weak indicator of disorder, to abandoned cars, a strong indicator. Using this scale, we estimated disorder at the center point of each sampled block. We then used ordinary kriging to interpolate estimates of disorder levels throughout the city. The resulting map condenses a complex estimation process into an interpretable visualization of the spatial distribution of physical disorder in New York City.

  19. Inmunodeficiencias humorales: Un estudio en tres Centros de Inmunología Clínica de adultos en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires Antibody deficiencies: A survey from three Clinical Immunology Centers for adults in Buenos Aires City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego S. Fernández Romero

    2011-08-01

    infections of the respiratory tract. The aim of our study was to describe the clinical characteristics of 128 patients with suspected or confirmed AD who were referred to 3 immunodeficiency centers for adults, from June 2004 to December 2009. Three of these patients (2.3% consulted for recurrent infections only once, without sufficient data for a proper classification, and were excluded. Of the remaining 125 patients, in 21 (16.8% AD was excluded, 8 cases (6.4% were diagnosed with sec ondary antibody immunodeficiency (SAD and 96 (76.8% with primary antibody immunodeficiency (PAD. SAD causes were: one renal failure, one phenytoin use, two monoclonal gammopathy and four B cell lymphoma. The causes of these 96 PAD were: 57 common variable immunodeficiency, 12 X-linked agammaglobulinaemia, 10 selective IgA deficiency, seven IgG1 deficiency, three hyper- IgM syndrome, three IgM deficiency, two X-linked proliferative syndrome, one Good syndrome and one antibody functional deficiency. Sixty-seven patients were in follow up at the time of completion of the study, 25 of them were on follow up at the beginning of the study. Among the 58 patients with indication of gamma globulin replacement therapy, 54 were in treatment at the end of the study. In four patients the initial diagnosis of PAD was not confirmed.

  20. CHONGQING, the Hot City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Chongqing is a well-known city with a history of more than 3,000 years. It is a famous historical and cultural city in China. Chongqing is the birthplace of the Bayu Culture. At present, Chongqing is a municipality directly under the Central Government with the largest area, the most administrative districts and the largest population.

  1. City Improves State Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    EnjoyceZhu

    2003-01-01

    As China's new leadership drafts measures to help ailing Stateowned enterprises(SOEs),Changchun,a strategic city in the Rust Belt,is reaping benefits unseen in more than a decade of SOE reform.Home to a large number of SOEs,Changchun has had its share of bureaucracy and stagnation.The city initiated a program called,“Saving SOEs

  2. City profile: Paramaribo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verrest, H.J.L.M.

    2010-01-01

    Paramaribo, the largest and only significant urban area in Suriname, is a typical primate city. The majority of the countries’ population resides here and the majority of political, social and economic functions is clustered in the urban zone. In the course of the 20th century, the city changed dram

  3. Responsive City Lighting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Esben Skouboe; Andersen, Hans Jørgen; Jensen, Ole B.

    This paper presents and discusses perspectives extracted from two interviews conducted during the experiments Urban Responsive Lighting. The two experts embody two different fields related to city lighting: architecture & public lighting industry. The representatives were invited to the test...... on applied technologies and responsive light design in the contemporary cities....

  4. Making the Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the latest research into cultural planning and architectural branding in Denmark based on the ‘Experience City' research project located at Aalborg University. The paper explores the implication of the turn towards culture and experience in the contemporary Danish city. It thus...

  5. Reflective cool cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heidegger, V.

    2011-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. Our globe is heating, and cities are heating up much more. At the same time, cities are growing and green spaces are substituted by buildings and streets. These man-made surfaces are dark and tend to heat up

  6. Deer City Legend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUHUANZHI; LILIKUN

    2003-01-01

    MORE and more commodities,such as clothes,shoes,millinery,lighters and shavers,now bear the “Made in Wenzhou”mark.It woule appear that Wenzhou grooms the whole nation.Lucheng(deer city)District in central Wenzhou is the nucleus of the city's thriving light industry sector.

  7. Futures of cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    Bogen dokumenterer resultater fra den internationale kongres Futures of Cities arrangeret af IFHP International Federation of Housing and Planning, Realdania, Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole og City of Copenhagen. Kongressen blev afholdt i september 2007 i Øksnehallen og på Kunstakademiets Arkitekt...

  8. Spatial integration of oasis city group around the western margins of the Tarim Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In this paper,the oasis cities in Kashgar Prefecture and Kizilsu Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture are taken as an example,through the factor analysis,spatial attraction interaction model and location quotient methods,urban hierarchy system,the intensity of urban economic ties,economic subordination degree,and structure of city functions were analyzed. The results indicated:(1) The urban hierarchy system takes Kashgar city as the main center,Artux city,Yarkant county and Maralbexi county as the sub-centers; (2) The intensity of economic ties among Kashgar city and each county is much higher than others. The interaction of Kashgar city,Shufu county and Shule county are the strongest,and the economic ties of Yarkant,Kagilik,Poskam counties are relatively close; All cities in the study area are economically subordinate to Kashgar city. (3) Three cities of Kashgar city,Shufu county and Shule county should connect strongly,with Kashgar city as the core. The cities and towns along the Southern Xinjiang Railway and along National Road 315 should be regarded as two strips,and the two city strips along the border,and the city strip along Provincial Road 215 should be treated as three axes. The ring structure strategy of "core ring,closer ring and radiated ring" was proposed. (4) It was proposed to build Kashgar city group in the north,and Yarkant city group in the south,Maralbexi city group in the southeast,and Taxkorgan border city group with four inner groups’ development strategy.

  9. Aplicación de la Escala de Depresión del Center of Epidemiological Studies en adolescentes de la Ciudad de México Application of the revised version of the Center of Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale in adolescent students from Mexico City

    OpenAIRE

    Catalina González-Forteza; José Alberto Jiménez-Tapia; Luciana Ramos-Lira; Wagner, Fernando A.

    2008-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Probar la validez de constructo, concurrente y externa, y la consistencia interna de la Escala de Depresión del Center for Epidemiologic Studies (CES-D-R) en adolescentes. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal con dos cohortes de estudiantes de secundaria del DF. El cuestionario incluyó la CES-D-R y otras escalas sobre problemas relacionados con suicidio, violencia, exposición a oportunidades y consumo de drogas. La participación fue voluntaria y anónima. RESULTADOS: Se incluyó a ...

  10. Great cities look small

    CERN Document Server

    Sim, Aaron; Barahona, Mauricio; Stumpf, Michael P H

    2015-01-01

    Great cities connect people; failed cities isolate people. Despite the fundamental importance of physical, face-to-face social-ties in the functioning of cities, these connectivity networks are not explicitly observed in their entirety. Attempts at estimating them often rely on unrealistic over-simplifications such as the assumption of spatial homogeneity. Here we propose a mathematical model of human interactions in terms of a local strategy of maximising the number of beneficial connections attainable under the constraint of limited individual travelling-time budgets. By incorporating census and openly-available online multi-modal transport data, we are able to characterise the connectivity of geometrically and topologically complex cities. Beyond providing a candidate measure of greatness, this model allows one to quantify and assess the impact of transport developments, population growth, and other infrastructure and demographic changes on a city. Supported by validations of GDP and HIV infection rates ac...

  11. A liveable city:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommerlund, Julie

    2014-01-01

    There are over 20 cities world-wide with a population of over 10 million people. We have entered ‘The Millennium of the City’. The growth of urban populations has been accompanied by profound changes of the cities’ economic and social profile and of the cities themselves. The world economy...... is increas- ingly based in and on cities rather than nations, and cities compete for businesses, branding, tourists and talent. In the western world, urbanisation has happened simultane- ously to de-industrialisation, which has opened industrial neighbourhoods and harbours for new uses – often focus- ing...... on experience. We will argue for a human turn in the research on liveabil- ity and urbanisation, and debates the concept of liveability. We will take Copenhagen as our main case and compare with other cities from around the world....

  12. Marriage and the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gautier, Pieter; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen

    Do people move to cities because of marriage market considerations? In cities singles can meet more potential partners than in rural areas. Singles are therefore prepared to pay a premium in terms of higher housing prices. Once married, the marriage market benefits disappear while the housing...... premium remains. We extend the model of Burdett and Coles (1997) with a distinction between efficient (cities) and less efficient (non-cities) search markets. One implication of the model is that singles are more likely to move from rural areas to cities while married couples are more likely to make...... the reverse movement. A second prediction of the model is that attractive singles benefit most from a dense market (i.e. from being choosy). Those predictions are tested with a unique Danish dataset....

  13. Universities Scale Like Cities

    CERN Document Server

    van Raan, Anthony F J

    2012-01-01

    Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the gross university income in terms of total number of citations over size in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its ...

  14. Governing the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kornberger, Martin

    2012-01-01

    Strategy frames the contemporary epistemological space of urbanism: major cities across the globe such as New York, London and Sydney invest time, energy and resources to craft urban strategies. Extensive empirical research projects have proposed a shift towards a strategic framework to manage...... cities. This theoretical curiosity is reflected in the rising interest in urban strategy from practice. For instance, the World Bank regularly organizes an Urban Strategy Speaker Series, while the powerful network CEOs for Cities lobbies for a strategic approach to urban development. Critical scholars...... such as Zukin diagnose not a shift in but a shift to strategic thinking in the contemporary city. This article poses the question: what makes strategy such an attractive ‘thought style’ in relation to imagining and managing cities? How can we understand the practice of urban strategy? And what are its intended...

  15. 招投标有形市场市场活跃度研究--以某市招投标交易中心交易情况为例%Explore the Market Activity of Bidding Tangible Market--Takes the Transactions of Bidding Trade Center in A City as An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡军

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the author takes a city bidding trade center as an example to explore the bidding tangible market activity. The author first carries on the definition from the four dimensions on the bidding tangible market activity, then uses the reference method and analyzes the fol owed four dimens-ions of market activity to obtain the market activity market of each month.%本文以某市招投标交易中心为例,对招投标有形市场活跃度开展了研究。首先,从四个维度对招投标有形市场活跃度进行了定义。然后利用基准法,依次从四个维度对市场活跃度进行了分析,得出了市场各个月份的市场活跃度。

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, City Limits of City of Dubuque, IA, Published in 2007, City of Dubuque.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It is described as 'City Limits of City of...

  17. 2008 City of Baltimore Lidar

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In the spring of 2008, the City of Baltimore expressed an interest to upgrade the City GIS Database with mapping quality airborne LiDAR data. The City of Baltimore...

  18. Centering research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katan, Lina Hauge; Baarts, Charlotte

    and collected 24 portfolios in which students reflect auto-ethnographically on their educational practices. Analyzing this qualitative material, we explore how researchers and students respectively read and write to develop and advance their thinking in those learning processes that the two groups fundamentally...... share as the common aim of both research and education. Despite some similarities, we find that how the two groups engage in and benefit from reading and writing diverges significantly. Thus we have even more reason to believe that centering practice-based teaching on these aspects of research is a good...

  19. Creative Playgrounds and Recreation Centers. Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledermann, Alfred; Trachsel, Alfred

    This comprehensive guidebook (written in both English and German), pertains to various aspects of planning and designing playgrounds and community centers. The introductory chapter discusses the educational and formative aspects of playgrounds, city planning prerequisites, and the effects of sociological conditions before initial planning is…

  20. Cities, Wages, and the Urban Hierarchy

    OpenAIRE

    Juan D. Soto; Dusan Paredes

    2014-01-01

    We present evidence regarding the unequal spatial distribution of population in the north and south of Chile which implies that even when geographical distances to the main urban center are similar, the distances in a context of urban hierarchy are completely di?erent. Given this economic geography, we postulate that Central Place Theory provides a better understanding for the study of city size wage gap in Chile. In order to test our hypothesis, we construct ?ve tiers of urban hierarchy usin...

  1. CITY | NATURE BORDER ON TEST - [URBANISM STUDIO 2015}

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    for city-nature border conditions on Amager, Copenhagen. From November 2014 to February 2015, 33 students from eight countries with an equal number of foreign and Danish students explored possible solutions for new city-nature border conditions of Amager and Nature Park Amager seeking to unfold the future......What if a plant and hydrological test center becomes a dynamic transition zone between Nature Park Amager and the city, testing the reaction of plants to shifting water levels as well as being a public and social reclamation learning center? How can military traces be the foundation for new site......- specific larger urban notes of city and park? And what if the shopping centre Fields is being opened up, and a new public main square across the highway becomes the new centre of Ørestad interlinking Amager north to south, east to west? This catalogue presents strategic development and design proposals...

  2. @City: technologising Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rojas, Jesús

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the concept of the contemporary city - the influence that technology has when one thinks about, plans and lives in a city. The conjunction of technology and city reformulates customs and social practices; it can even determine the way one constitutes one's own identity. One can see how close the relation is between technology (specifically, TICS and the structures of the city in a wide variety of situations: in social interactions on the street, in transport, and in ways of buying, of working and entertainment. "@City" is a concept that very well reflects the emergent properties of a current city, that is, the coexistence of a physical and a virtual urban space. The "22@Barcelona" project attempts to bring together different types of spaces. By combining the physical with the virtual, 22@Barcelona, as a neighborhood of @City, creates an uncertain and blurred border between both spaces.The article also examines the impact that these spaces have on the psycho-social processes involved in the daily life of a traditionally working-class neighborhood, now strongly limited by technological boundaries.

  3. @City: technologising Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Rojas

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the concept of the contemporary city - the influence that technology has when one thinks about, plans and lives in a city. The conjunction of  technology and city reformulates customs and social practices; it can even determine the way one constitutes one's own identity. One can see how close the relation is between technology (specifically, TICS and the structures of the city in a wide variety of situations: in social interactions on the street, in transport, and in ways of buying, of working and entertainment. "@City" is a concept that very well reflects  the emergent properties of a current city, that is, the coexistence of a physical and a virtual urban space. The "22@Barcelona" project attempts to bring together different types of spaces. By combining the physical with the virtual, 22@Barcelona, as a neighborhood of @City,  creates an uncertain and blurred border between both spaces.The article also examines the impact that these spaces have on the psycho-social processes involved in the daily life of a traditionally working-class neighborhood, now strongly limited by technological boundaries.

  4. Kunming——A City of Spring on the Plateau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lily Wang

    2011-01-01

    @@ As every Chinese knows, Kunming (昆明) of Yunnan Province enjoys a pleasant climate all year round and lives up to its nickname of "the City of Spring".There is neither severe winter nor extremely hot summer. Since long ago, Kunming has been the political, economical and cultural center of Yunnan Province and has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in Southwest China.But few people know that this is also a city of romance.

  5. Smart city – future city? smart city 20 as a livable city and future market

    CERN Document Server

    Etezadzadeh, Chirine

    2016-01-01

    The concept of a livable smart city presented in this book highlights the relevance of the functionality and integrated resilience of viable cities of the future. It critically examines the progressive digitalization that is taking place and identifies the revolutionized energy sector as the basis of urban life. The concept is based on people and their natural environment, resulting in a broader definition of sustainability and an expanded product theory. Smart City 2.0 offers its residents many opportunities and is an attractive future market for innovative products and services. However, it presents numerous challenges for stakeholders and product developers.

  6. Cities and Refugees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katz, Bruce; Noring, Luise; Garrelts, Nantke

    institutions, it is municipalities across Europe in general and Germany in particular who are responsible for planning, delivering, and, in some cases, financing the housing, education, and full integration of new arrivals. “Cities and Refugees: The European Response” is a collaboration of the Brookings...... Centennial Scholar Initiative and the Foreign Policy program, with key research led by the Copenhagen Business School. It aims to show the extent to which cities are at the vanguard of this crisis and to deepen our understanding of the role and capacity of city governments and local networks in resettlement...... and long-term economic and social integration....

  7. Preliminary archaeological survey of proposed gas well locations in Green Township (Scioto County) and Elizabeth Township (Lawrence County) Ohio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Black, D.B.; Peebles, C.S.; Zielinski, R.E.

    1978-10-24

    The present archaeological survey and cultural resource assessment were conducted for the United States Department of Energy, Morgantown Energy Technology Center in areas to be disturbed by gas well drilling and holding pond construction. The project area is the Pine Creek drainage system, which is a tributary of the Ohio River in Scioto and Lawrence Counties, Ohio. The literature search indicated that prehistoric archaeological sites do occur and have been documented in the Pine Creek drainage system. Presently, no archaeological sites have been reported in locations of direct impact. The literature search also indicated that historic features from the early iron industry period, ca. 1840 to 1870, are likely to occur throughout the project area. Field reconnaissance identified three prehistoric archaeological sites and one historic site in and adjacent to the proposed locations of disturbance. Two sites were determined to be of significant research value and may be nominated to the National Register of Historic Places. Consequently, recommendations were made to minimize the adverse effects of the proposed drilling project on these archaeological sites.

  8. Evaluation and analysis on emergency practical exercises of county-level Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Nanchang City%南昌市县级疾病控制机构应急演练活动评估分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘启芦; 李辉; 胡茂红; 吴景文

    2013-01-01

    目的 根据2010-2011年南昌市县级疾病预防控制(简称疾控)机构开展的应急模拟演练活动,对综合实战演练、单项实战演练、桌面演练3种演练模式进行分析评估,探讨一种适用于县级疾控机构操作的应急模拟演练模式及科学的评估方法.方法 应用描述性分析方法对2010-2011年南昌市11个县级疾控机构开展的20场应急模拟演练资料进行统计分析.结果 3种演练方式具有各自的特点和不足,均能取得演练的预期效果;结论 桌面演练更适合县级疾控机构的开展;建立演练评估指标评分细则和量化指标能促进卫生应急大练兵活动的有效开展.%[Objective] According to the emergency exercises by the county-level Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCs) in Nanchang City between 2010 and 2011,to analyze and evaluate the exercise modes of comprehensive exercise,single combat exercises and tabletop exercise,find out an emergency exercise mode and scientific evaluation method for county-level CDCs.[Methods] Descriptive analysis method was applied to analyze the 20 emergency practical exercises by 11 county-level CDCs in Nanchang City during 2010-2011.[Results] Three exercise modes had their own characteristics and insufficiency,and all can obtain the expected effect.[Conclusion] The tabletop exercise is more suitable for county-level CDCs.To establish the exercise evaluation scoring rules and quantitative indexes can promote the activity of emergency exercises.

  9. Fatores de risco de anemia em lactentes matriculados em creches públicas ou filantrópicas de São Paulo Risk factors for anemia in infants enrolled in public or philanthropic day-care centers in São Paulo city, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tulio Konstantyner

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar e quantificar os fatores de risco de anemia em lactentes matriculados em creches públicas ou filantrópicas no município de São Paulo e discutir o impacto das ações da creche no controle desta carência nutricional específica. MÉTODO: Estudo seccional compreendendo 212 lactentes de duas creches públicas e três filantrópicas. Foram realizadas entrevistas com as mães, coleta de sangue por punção digital e antropometria. Considerou-se como anemia, hemoglobina inferior a 11g/dL. Foi ajustado um modelo de regressão logística para fatores de risco entre grupos de lactentes com e sem anemia. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de anemia foi de 51,9%. O modelo logístico final foi composto por 4 variáveis: presença de 1 ou mais irmãos menores que 5 anos (Odds Ratio=2,57; p=0,005; estar freqüentando creche de administração exclusivamente pública (Odds Ratio=2,12; p=0,020; uso de aleitamento materno exclusivo inferior a 2 meses (Odds Ratio=1,88; p=0,044, e idade inferior a 15 meses (Odds Ratio=2,32; p=0,006. CONCLUSÃO:Concluiu-se que a alta prevalência de anemia evidencia a ineficiência das creches estudadas para controlar e prevenir esta carência nutricional; portanto, cabe ao planejador de saúde considerar os riscos de anemia identificados e quantificados quando da elaboração de programas de controle e prevenção.OBJECTIVE: To identify and quantify the risk factors for anemia in infants enrolled in public or philanthropic day care centers in São Paulo city and discuss the impact of the actions of day care centers in controlling this specific nutritional deficiency. METHODS: Cross-sectional study comprising 212 infants of two public and three philanthropic day care centers. Interviews with the mothers, collection of blood by digital puncture and anthropometry were performed. Anemia was characterized by hemoglobin levels below 11g/dL. A logistic regression model for risk factors between groups of infants with

  10. AS A DIFFERENCE ALTERNATIVE TO DELIVER CONFLICTS IN CITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Teixeira de Campos Júnior

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available It discusses a distinct concept of cities, different from the ones based on common sense which admit that the cities have problems either because the werent planned or because they were planned wrongly. It shows that this concept does not have conceptual sustentation. It takes as a reference the concepts of cities which give privilege to the presentation of the interests and conflicts that involved the city’s construction, and offers possibilities to alternative ways for the administration of these conflicts which are always presente in urban centers.

  11. Towards Intelligently - Sustainable Cities?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Salvati

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In the quest for achieving sustainable cities, Intelligent and Knowledge City Programmes (ICPs and KCPs represent cost-efficient strategies for improving the overall performance of urban systems. However, even though nobody argues on the desirability of making cities “smarter”, the fundamental questions of how and to what extent can ICPs and KCPs contribute to the achievement of urban sustainability lack a precise answer. In the attempt of providing a structured answer to these interrogatives, this paper presents a methodology developed for investigating the modalities through which ICPs and KCPs contribute to the achievement or urban sustainability. Results suggest that ICPs and KCPs efficacy lies in supporting cities achieve a sustainable urban metabolism through optimization, innovation and behavior changes.

  12. Ecological city planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Rueda

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available A territory, a city, a neighbourhood are all ecosystems; a mixture of chemico-physical and organic elements related to each other. That which defines an ecological system is the set of rules and characteristics which condition its relationships, and its duration in time is guaranteed by its efficiency and internal organization which applied to the city is translated in the reduction of the use of natural resources and in the increase of social organization. To increase the efficiency of the urban systems is the necessary condition for the formulation of ecological city planning favouring the maximum liveability of sites. Liveability is directly correlated to the optimization of numerous elements (public space, equipment, services, building techniques, innovative technology, social cohesion, biodiversity. To carry out such objectives, ecological city planning proposes a new model of town planning on three levels (subsoil, ground level, and upper level.

  13. OpenCities Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — The Open Cities Project aims to catalyze the creation, management and use of open data to produce innovative solutions for urban planning and resilience challenges...

  14. Postsovkhoz City & Postsovkhoz Person

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Põlvamaal Moostes mõtte- ja keskkonnakunstitalgud "Postsovkhoz City" ja "Postsovkhoz Person". Näha saab endistesse tööstushoonetesse ülespandud näitusi ja installatsioone. 11. VIII esinejad, ettekanded.

  15. Earthquakes in cities revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Wirgin, Armand

    2016-01-01

    During the last twenty years, a number of publications of theoretical-numerical nature have appeared which come to the apparently-reassuring conclusion that seismic motion on the ground in cities is smaller than what this motion would be in the absence of the buildings (but for the same underground and seismic load). Other than the fact that this finding tells nothing about the motion within the buildings, it must be confronted with the overwhelming empirical evidence (e.g, earthquakes in Sendai (2011), Kathmandu (2015), Tainan City (2016), etc.) that shaking within buildings of a city is often large enough to damage or even destroy these structures. I show, on several examples, that theory can be reconciled with empirical evidence, and suggest that the crucial subject of seismic response in cities is in need of more thorough research.

  16. Should Cities Regulate Graffiti?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Graffiti, while still a new phenomenon to most Chinese, is becoming more familiar among teenagers in big cities like Beijing and Shanghai. A recent report by Xinhua News Agency discusses the trend. The report said a small

  17. WE LOVE THE CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    WE LOVE THE CITY Byen i bygningen, bygningen i byen Lasse Andersson, Ph.d., arkitekt maa, adjunkt ved Aalborg Universitet Med udstillingen WE LOVE THE CITY vil vi formidle mødet mellem urban design oog arkitektur. Disciplinen ’at bygge by’ har de seneste 20 år ikke tændt hjerterne hos...... fjern og ’usexet’ for unge arkitekter in spe. Det kan fremtidens by ikke være tjent med, og WE LOVE THE CITY vil derfor gerne vise alle, der færdes i byen og bruger dens arkitektur, at her er et potentiale. Med udstillingen WE LOVE THE CITY ønsker Utzon Centeret, LasseVegas Kontoret ApS og ADEPT...

  18. City sewer collectors biocorrosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ksiażek, Mariusz

    2014-12-01

    This paper presents the biocorrosion of city sewer collectors impregnated with special polymer sulphur binders, polymerized sulphur, which is applied as the industrial waste material. The city sewer collectors are settled with a colony of soil bacteria which have corrosive effects on its structure. Chemoautotrophic nitrifying bacteria utilize the residues of halites (carbamide) which migrate in the city sewer collectors, due to the damaged dampproofing of the roadway and produce nitrogen salts. Chemoorganotrophic bacteria utilize the traces of organic substrates and produce a number of organic acids (formic, acetic, propionic, citric, oxalic and other). The activity of microorganisms so enables the origination of primary and secondary salts which affect physical properties of concretes in city sewer collectors unfavourably.

  19. Aging City Leads Way

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The northern city of Dalian has become a model of care for the elderly that other Chinese cities are following Chinese Minister of Civil Affairs Li Xueju has called upon civil affairs agencies in the nation to learn from Dalian’s diversified models for elderly care,ranging from running collectively owned and foreign-designed nursing homes to offering tax incentives to private households and companies serving the elderly

  20. Satellite data for Singapore, Manila and Kuala Lumpur city growth analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boori, Mukesh Singh; Choudhary, Komal; Kupriyanov, Alexander; Kovelskiy, Viktor

    2016-06-01

    This data article presents satellite data related to city growth of Singapore, Manila and Kuala Lumpur cities. The data were collected from NASA and USGS websites. A method has been developed for city built-up density from city center to outward till 50 km by using satellite data. These data sets consists three decade Landsat images. A detailed description is given to show how to use this data to produce urban growth maps. The urban growth maps have been used to know the changes and growth pattern in the Southeast Asia Cities.

  1. Satellite data for Singapore, Manila and Kuala Lumpur city growth analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukesh Singh Boori

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This data article presents satellite data related to city growth of Singapore, Manila and Kuala Lumpur cities. The data were collected from NASA and USGS websites. A method has been developed for city built-up density from city center to outward till 50 km by using satellite data. These data sets consists three decade Landsat images. A detailed description is given to show how to use this data to produce urban growth maps. The urban growth maps have been used to know the changes and growth pattern in the Southeast Asia Cities.

  2. City marketing: online communication plan for the city of Lisbon

    OpenAIRE

    Altrichter, Benjamin

    2011-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing City Marketing represents marketing efforts of cities in order to attract more visitors. Today, we are confronted everyday with marketing campaigns in all different communication media promoting countries, cities or events. Cities are competing for visitors on a global scale, forcing them to adapt successful marketing strategies for gaining and retaining costumers. Yet, City Marketing still remains an unknown chapter for a big part of the general public an...

  3. Sinking coastal cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkens, G.; Bucx, T.; Dam, R.; de Lange, G.; Lambert, J.

    2015-11-01

    In many coastal and delta cities land subsidence now exceeds absolute sea level rise up to a factor of ten. A major cause for severe land subsidence is excessive groundwater extraction related to rapid urbanization and population growth. Without action, parts of Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Bangkok and numerous other coastal cities will sink below sea level. Land subsidence increases flood vulnerability (frequency, inundation depth and duration of floods), with floods causing major economic damage and loss of lives. In addition, differential land movement causes significant economic losses in the form of structural damage and high maintenance costs for (infra)structure. The total damage worldwide is estimated at billions of dollars annually. As subsidence is often spatially variable and can be caused by multiple processes, an assessment of subsidence in delta cities needs to answer questions such as: what are the main causes? What is the current subsidence rate and what are future scenarios (and interaction with other major environmental issues)? Where are the vulnerable areas? What are the impacts and risks? How can adverse impacts be mitigated or compensated for? Who is involved and responsible to act? In this study a quick-assessment of subsidence is performed on the following mega-cities: Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Dhaka, New Orleans and Bangkok. Results of these case studies will be presented and compared, and a (generic) approach how to deal with subsidence in current and future subsidence-prone areas is provided.

  4. Study on the Complexity of the Public Transportation Network Spatial Structure Based on Fractal Theory:Taking Wuhan Center City Area as an Example%基于分形理论的公交网络空间结构复杂性研究——以武汉市中心城区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段德忠; 刘承良; 陈欣怡

    2013-01-01

    Studies on the complexity and non-linearity of the spatial structure of road networks have attracted increasing attention during the past several years. However, few efforts have been devoted to the spatial and structural properties of Public Transportation Network(PTN). For the inadequacies of the traditional PTN evaluation model,this paper introduces a weighted fractal model which based on fractal theory in order to reveal the spatial heterogeneity of PTN in Wuhan Center City Area(WC-CA) from three aspects (network equilibrium,site accessibility,site-line allometric growth). The results are obtained as follow that the feature of PTN,in the strict sense,has not evolved a morphology formation of fractal,since the fractal growth has the spatial scale dependence. The relatively low value of bus lines fractal dimension, which may show that the density attenuates quickly from its measuring core to periphery and their distribution pattern shows strong aggregation around WCCA,grow slow, indicating its weak filling capacity and low level of coverage while the high value (bus stations)presents a totally opposite result, which represents a strong filling capacity and high level of coverage The difference of transit site accessibility space is obvious. Among all the sites in Wuhan, the accessibility space of Jianghan District is the highest one. There exists positive correlation and space conjugate relation between the development level of space accessibility and area economic development level. According to the bus line-bus station allometric growth model, the construction of bus lines and bus stations does not match in space. It indicates that there are two major points in optimizing the bus line system of Wuhan city: firstly, the number of the urban-suburban lines should be increased; secondly,the repeating lines in city area need to be canceled.%针对传统公交网络评价模型的不足,基于分形理论,构建加权分形模型,从网络均衡性、站点可达性

  5. Siracusa, EuroMediterranean Smart City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Minozzi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available About three years ago, the City of Siracusa has started a serious reflection about the crisis, about its model of development and its problems related to its territorial marginality. In this context, it lodged a service "Complex Programs and EU Policies" internal the Department of Public Works as the first embryo of the future Urban Center in Siracusa. The Smarter Cities Challenge program, sponsored by IBM, provides, for the years 2011-2012-2013 a selection through a call, a hundred cities around the world that offer a program of counseling on territorial issues, urban, social, exposed by the city in challenge. The program for 2012, selected Siracusa, the only Italian city in a hundred choices, with a theme that emphasizes the need to find methods (smart to integrate the two systems, the industrial and the historical, cultural, into the overall Siracusa system territorial. The advent of smart policies also confirms the trend that characterized the most evolved from the most marginal realities in Europe. For the realities of the Euro-Mediterranean area, such as Siracusa, the winners model’s urban policies originate from the most evolved and developed, where the economy is more structured and able to assume the active role of actors development and urban transformations. So, a universal language of transformations really exist? The same model development produces the same results everywhere, regardless the places and the people tribe? To promote smart Siracusa means, not only, economic innovation promotion, social inclusion and environmental sustainability, but also: Siracusa intends to strengthen its image as innovation land and to evolve into a center of excellence for smart policies.

  6. Determining and Designing of Pedestrian Zones in Tekirdag City Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. E. Sisman

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Today, pedestrian zones have been achieved to increase open space that are increasingly disappearing and to provide comfortable and safety circulation for pedestrians.Within this paper, the existing pedestrian zones and the streets free from traffic with adequate amenities for pedestrians are indicated and projects of alternative pedestrian zones are suggested. Hükümet Street, the main axis of the downtown and the Mimar Sinan Street is planned as one way road, besides, the part of Hükümet Street extending in front of the Governorship building is designed as pedestrian zone. Dependig on the data, projects of pedestrian zones are prepared by using AutoCAD 2006 and 3ds Max 8.

  7. Urban ergonomics: an ongoing study of city signs and maps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, Patricia; Arezes, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess whether the existing signals in three European cities were developed according usability principles and ergonomic aspects for the citizen. City maps and signals will be tested using efficiency, effectiveness and user's satisfaction criteria. Among the urban areas are the center of Paris-FR, assumed to be well signalized, the historical center of Guimarães-PT and Chorweiler, Cologne-DE, a residential neighborhood of modern urbanism characterized by the extensive use of vegetation, the landscape homogeneity, and, consequently, by the difficult navigation.

  8. Sinking Coastal Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkens, G.; Stuurman, R.; De Lange, G.; Bucx, T.; Lambert, J.

    2014-12-01

    In many coastal cities land subsidence now exceeds absolute sea level rise up to a factor of ten. Without action, parts of Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Bangkok and numerous other coastal cities will continue to sink, even below sea level. The ever increasing industrial and domestic demand for water in these cities results in excessive groundwater extraction, causing severe subsidence. In addition, coastal cities are often faced with larger natural subsidence, as they are built on thick sequences of soft soil. The impacts of subsidence are further exacerbated by climate-induced sea level rise. Land subsidence results in two types damage: foremost it increases flood vulnerability (frequency, inundation depth and duration of floods), with floods causing major economic damage and loss of lives. Secondly, differential land movement causes significant economic losses in the form of structural damage and high maintenance costs of roads and transportation networks, sewage systems, buildings and foundations. The total damage worldwide is estimated at billions of dollars annually. To survey the extent of groundwater associated subsidence, we conducted a quick-assessment of subsidence in a series of mega-cities (Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Dhaka, New Orleans and Bangkok). For each city research questions included: what are the main causes, how much is the current subsidence rate and what are predictions, where are the vulnerable areas, what are the impacts and risks, how can adverse impacts can be mitigated or compensated for, and what governmental bodies are involved and responsible to act? Using the assessment, this paper discusses subsidence modelling and measurement results from the selected cities. The focus is on the importance of delayed settlement after increases in hydraulic heads, the role of the subsurface composition for subsidence rates and best practice solutions for subsiding cities. For the latter, urban (ground)water management, adaptive flood risk management

  9. Saúde mental e a continuidade do cuidado em centros de saúde de Belo Horizonte, MG Salud mental y la continuidad del cuidado en centros de salud de una ciudad en Sudeste de Brasil Mental health and continuity of care in healthcare centers in a city of Southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graziella Lage Oliveira

    2008-08-01

    encaminamientos fueron factores facilitadores de la continuidad del cuidado. Ninguna característica individual estuvo asociada a la continuidad. CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos sugieren haber una falla en la propuesta de línea de cuidado. La continuidad del tratamiento parece estar mas relacionada a factores referentes al servicio de que las características del paciente.OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with the continuity of mental health care provided for patients referred to healthcare centers. METHODS: A follow-up study was carried out with 98 patients assisted between 2003 and 2004. These patients were referred to eight healthcare centers with mental health teams located in the catchment area of a mental health reference venter in the city of Belo Horizonte, Southeastern Brazil. Social, demographic, clinical and continuity variables were described and then compared using the chi-square test. RESULTS: After referral, 35 patients did not attend the first visit in the healthcare center. Of those who did, 38 continued in treatment. To return to the reference center for a new visit after referral and to have had more than two referrals were factors that facilitated continuity of care. No individual characteristic was associated with continuity. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that there is a gap in the proposal for the line of care. Treatment continuity seems to be more related to service factors than to patients' characteristics.

  10. A City for All Citizens: Integrating Children and Youth from Marginalized Populations into City Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem Van Vliet

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Socially just, intergenerational urban spaces should not only accommodate children and adolescents, but engage them as participants in the planning and design of welcoming spaces. With this goal, city agencies in Boulder, Colorado, the Boulder Valley School District, the Children, Youth and Environments Center at the University of Colorado, and a number of community organizations have been working in partnership to integrate young people’s ideas and concerns into the redesign of parks and civic areas and the identification of issues for city planning. Underlying their work is a commitment to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and children’s rights to active citizenship from a young age. This paper describes approaches used to engage with young people and methods of participation, and reflects on lessons learned about how to most effectively involve youth from underrepresented populations and embed diverse youth voices into the culture of city planning.

  11. Space Radar Image of Star City, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    This radar image shows the Star City cosmonaut training center, east of Moscow, Russia. Four American astronauts are training here for future long-duration flights aboard the Russian Mir space station. These joint flights are giving NASA and the Russian Space Agency experience necessary for the construction of the international Alpha space station, beginning in late 1997. This image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR), on its 62nd orbit on October 3, 1994. This Star City image is centered at 55.55 degrees north latitude and 38.0 degrees east longitude. The area shown is approximately 32 kilometers by 49 kilometers (20 miles by 30 miles). North is to the top in this image. The radar illumination is from the top of the image. The image was produced using three channels of SIR-C radar data: red indicates L-band (23 cm wavelength, horizontally transmitted and received); green indicates L-band (horizontally transmitted and vertically received); blue indicates C-band (6 cm wavelength, horizontally transmitted and vertically received). In general, dark pink areas are agricultural; pink and light blue areas are urban communities; black areas represent lakes and rivers; dark blue areas are cleared forest; and light green areas are forested. The prominent black runways just right of center are Shchelkovo Airfield, about 4 km long. The textured pale blue-green area east and southeast of Shchelkovo Airfield is forest. Just east of the runways is a thin railroad line running southeast; the Star City compound lies just east of the small bend in the rail line. Star City contains the living quarters and training facilities for Russian cosmonauts and their families. Moscow's inner loop road is visible at the lower left edge of the image. The Kremlin is just off the left edge, on the banks of the meandering Moskva River. The Klyazma River snakes to the southeast from the reservoir in the upper left (shown in bright red

  12. Mississippi Technology Transfer Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    The Mississippi Technology Transfer Center at the John C. Stennis Space Center in Hancock County, Miss., was officially dedicated in 1987. The center is home to several state agencies as well as the Center For Higher Learning.

  13. Universities scale like cities.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony F J van Raan

    Full Text Available Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the 'gross university income' in terms of total number of citations over 'size' in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its quality in terms of field-normalized citation impact. By studying both the set of the 500 largest universities worldwide and a specific subset of these 500 universities--the top-100 European universities--we are also able to distinguish between properties of universities with as well as without selection of one specific local property, the quality of a university in terms of its average field-normalized citation impact. It also reveals an interesting observation concerning the working of a crucial property in networked systems, preferential attachment.

  14. Prototyping a Smart City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Henrik; Brynskov, Martin

    In this paper, we argue that by approaching the so-called Smart City as a design challenge, and an interaction design perspective, it is possible to both uncover existing challenges in the interplay between people, technology and society, as well as prototype possible futures. We present a case i...... in which we exposed data about the online communication between the citizens and the municipality on a highly visible media facade, while at the same time prototyped a tool that enabled citizens to report ‘bugs’ within the city.......In this paper, we argue that by approaching the so-called Smart City as a design challenge, and an interaction design perspective, it is possible to both uncover existing challenges in the interplay between people, technology and society, as well as prototype possible futures. We present a case...

  15. Mapping the Gendered City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Almahmood, Mohammed Abdulrahman M; Scharnhorst, Eric; Carstensen, Trine Agervig;

    2017-01-01

    Walking is a mode of perceiving the city which also contributes to health and social benefits. This paper studies the influence of the socio-cultural aspects on the practice of walking and the meaning of walkscapes in Riyadh, one of the most auto-dependent and gender-segregated cities on the Arab...... Peninsula, where socio-cultural values and restrictions regulate men and women’s use and access to public spaces. The methodology used is a combination of movement tracking data using GPS technology and map-based workshops where participants can reflect on their walking behaviour and spatial preferences....... The results of mapping where the respondents walk show a city consisting of gender-specific walkscapes. Indoor environments, such as shopping malls, function as ‘urban shelters’ for women, so they use such spaces for walking. On the other hand, young men mainly walk in urban streets, which provide greater...

  16. 强制戒毒所吸毒人员艾滋病健康教育效果评价%Evaluation on effect of AIDS health education among drug abusers in Compulsory Rehabilitation Center in Xi'an and Baoji city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽荣; 王学良; 沈洁; 丛斌; 朱妮

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解陕西省西安市和宝鸡市强制戒毒所吸毒人群艾滋病认知状况,评价其开展相关健康教育的效果.方法 在调查了解西安市和宝鸡市吸毒人群艾滋病认知状况的基础上,采用多媒体讲座、播放艾滋病健康教育光碟等形式对其进行健康教育,比较健康教育前后吸毒人群艾滋病认知状况的变化.结果 西安市和宝鸡市强制戒毒所吸毒人群对艾滋病相关知识有一定了解,对输血或血制品、性行为和母婴传播的正确回答率分别为88.2%、86.8%和83.1%,但基础知识问题和非传播途径问题正确回答率相对较低,对是否有有效疫苗和蚊虫叮咬能否传播的正确回答率分别为55.9%和56.7%;健康教育后1个月,各问题的正确回答率均高于健康教育前,三大传播途径的正确回答率分别为94.3%、91.0%和90.7%;其他问题的正确回答率基本>80%.结论 强制戒毒所吸毒人群艾滋病认知状况仍有提升空间,讲座和播放录像的健康教育方式简便易行、效果良好,应在强制戒毒所中定期开展.%Objective To explore related knowledge about HIV/AIDS and to evaluate the effect of AIDS health education among drug abusers in Compulsory Rehabilitation Center in Xi'an and Baoji city of Shaanxi provice. Methods On the basis of cognitive status about HIV/AIDS through a survey, we developed a health education program with lecture and video. The interviews with a same questionnaire were conducted before and after the intervention to evaluate the effect of the health education. Results Before the health education,drug abusers in the Compulsory Rehabilitation Centers had some knowledge about HIV/AIDS with correct answer rates of more than 70% for most of AIDS knowledge and low correct answer rates for basic knowledge and non-transmission route of AIDS. One month after the health education, the correct answer rates were higher than those before with the rates above 80% for most of

  17. Sexual risk behavior, alcohol use, and social media use among secondary school students in informal settlements in Cape Town and Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, Z A; Braunschweig, E N; Feeney, J; Dringus, S; Weiss, H; Delany-Moretlwe, S; Ross, D A

    2014-09-01

    South Africa's HIV prevalence among young people remains among the highest in the world. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2012 to estimate prevalences of sexual risk behavior and hazardous alcohol use (HAU) (via the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test) as well as to investigate potential associations between these outcomes and social media use. In all, 4485 students (mean age 15.66 years, SD 1.39) at 46 secondary schools in informal settlements in Cape Town and Port Elizabeth completed mobile-phone-assisted, self-administered baseline questionnaires within a cluster-randomized trial. In all, 312 females (12.5 %) and 468 males (23.5 %) screened positive for HAU (AOR = 1.98, 95 % CI 1.69-2.34). 730 males (39.9 %) and 268 females (11.8 %) reported having had two or more partners in the last year (AOR = 3.46, 95 % CI 2.87-4.16). Among females, having a Facebook account was associated with reported multiple partnerships in the last year (AOR = 1.81, 95 % CI 1.19-2.74), age-disparate sex in the last year (AOR = 1.96, 95 % CI 1.16-3.32) and HAU (AOR = 1.97, 95 % CI 1.41-2.74). Using Mxit-a popular mobile instant messaging application-was associated with higher odds of reported multiple partnerships in the last year among both males (AOR = 1.70, 95 % CI 1.35-2.14) and females (AOR = 1.45, 95 % CI 1.07-1.96) and with HAU among both males (AOR = 1.47, 95 % CI 1.14-1.90) and females (AOR = 1.50, 95 % CI 1.18-1.90). Further longitudinal and qualitative research should explore in more depth the observed links between social media and risk behavior.

  18. Relations of surface-water quality to streamflow in the Hackensack, Passaic, Elizabeth, and Rahway River basins, New Jersey, water years 1976-93

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buxton, Debra E.; Hunchak-Kariouk, Kathryn; Hickman, R. Edward

    1998-01-01

    Relations of water quality to streamflow were determined for 18 water-quality constituents at 19 surface-water-quality stations within the drainage basins of the Hackensack, Passaic, Elizabeth, and Rahway Rivers in New Jersey for water years 1976-93. Surface-waterquality and streamflow data were evaluated for trends (through time) in constituent concentrations during high and low flows, and relations between constituent concentration and streamflow, and constituent load and streamflow, were determined. Median concentrations were calculated for the entire period of study (water years 1976-93) and for the last 5 years of the period of study (water years 1989-93) to determine whether any large variation in concentration exists between the two periods. Medians also were used to determine the seasonal Kendall’s tau statistic, which was then used to evaluate trends in concentrations during high and low flows.Trends in constituent concentrations during high and low flows were evaluated to determine whether the distribution of the observations changes over time for intermittent (nonpoint storm runoff) or constant (point sources and ground water) sources, respectively. Highand low-flow concentration trends were determined for some constituents at 11 of the 19 waterquality stations; 8 stations have insufficient data to determine trends. Seasonal effects on the relations of concentration to streamflow are evident for 16 of the 18 constituents. Negative slopes of relations of concentration to streamflow, which indicate a decrease in concentration at high flows, predominate over positive slopes because of dilution of instream concentrations from storm runoff.The slopes of the regression lines of load to streamflow were determined in order to show the relative contributions to the instream load from constant (point sources and ground water) and intermittent sources (storm runoff). Greater slope values suggest larger contributions from storm runoff to instream load, which most

  19. Climate change and cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Satterthwaite, David

    2006-10-15

    What is done, or not done, in cities in relation to climate change over the next 5-10 years will affect hundreds of millions of people, because their lives and livelihoods are at risk from global warming. What is done in cities will also have a major influence on whether the escalating risks for the whole planet will be reduced or eliminated. Climate change needs to be considered in all development plans and investments - local, regional, national and international. Urban growth must be made more climate-resilient and help reduce, rather than increase, greenhouse gas emissions. This will not be done by the market; it can only be done by governments.

  20. Measurements of VOCs in Mexico City during the MILAGRO Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, A. K.; Beyersdorf, A. J.; Blake, N. J.; Meinardi, S.; Atlas, E.; Rowland, F.; Blake, D. R.

    2006-12-01

    During March of 2006 we participated in MILAGRO (Megacities Initiative: Local and Global Research Observations), a multi-platform campaign to measure pollutants in and in outflow from the Mexico City metropolitan area. As part of MILAGRO we collected whole air canister samples at two Mexico City ground sites: the Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, located in the city, northeast of the center, and the Universidad Technologica de Tecamac, a suburban site approximately 50 km northeast of the city center. Samples were also collected in various other locations throughout Mexico City. Over 300 whole air samples were collected and analyzed for a wide range of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) including methane, carbon monoxide, nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) and halocarbons. Propane was the most abundant NMHC at both the urban and suburban locations, with mixing ratios frequently in excess of 10 parts per billion at both locations. This is likely the result of the widespread use of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) of which propane is the major component. For most species, median mixing ratios at the urban sites were significantly greater than at the suburban site. Here we compare results from both urban and suburban locations and also examine the influence of transport on the composition of outflow from Mexico City.

  1. Residential electricity rates for the United States for Solcost Data Bank cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, L. E.

    1981-05-01

    Electricity rates are given for selected cities in each state, first of the Southern Solar Energy Center region and then of the rest of the US, for an average residence that uses 1000 kWh a month. (LEW)

  2. Combining new data gathering technology and city analytics to investigate pedestrian movements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Palm, H.; Wismans, L.J.J.; Kievit, de E.

    2015-01-01

    Little is known about pedestrian movements, densities and presence in city centers, although this knowledge could improve city planning, design of infrastructure and management of traffic flows. New data sources available due to fast developments in information and communication technology offer new

  3. 2014 China International Friendship Cities Conference and Guangzhou International Urban Innovation Conference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu; Yan

    2015-01-01

    The 2014 China International Friendship Cities Conference and the Guangzhou International Urban Innovation Conference co-sponsored by the CPAFFC,China International Friendship Cities Association(CIFCA),and the Guangzhou Municipal People’s Government,and hosted by the latter’s Foreign Affairs Office were held in the Guangzhou Baiyun International Convention Center last November 28-29.

  4. Combining new data gathering technology to investigate pedestrian movements in cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Palm, H.; Wismans, L.J.J.; Kievit, de E.

    2015-01-01

    Little is known about pedestrian movements, densities and presence in city centers, although this knowledge could improve city planning, design of infrastructure and management of traffic flows. New data sources available due to fast developments in information and communication technology offer new

  5. Perfil clínico-epidemiológico das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis em crianças atendidas em um centro de referência na cidade de Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil Clinical and epidemiological profile of sexually transmitted diseases in children attending a referral center in the city of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Barros da Rocha Ribas

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis em crianças permanecem um problema de saúde pública pouco estudado, sendo ainda necessários esclarecimentos sobre seu manejo e a relação destas com o abuso sexual infantil. OBJETIVOS: Descrever o perfil clínico-epidemiológico das Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis em crianças atendidas em centro de referência na cidade de Manaus. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se estudo descritivo exploratório para verificar características clínicas, epidemiológicas e laboratoriais das Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis em crianças atendidas durante o período de janeiro/2003 a dezembro/2007. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídas no estudo 182 crianças que apresentavam DST. A maioria era do sexo feminino (65,4% e de cor parda; a média de idade foi de 8,5 anos; 89% eram procedentes da cidade de Manaus; os pais foram os principais acompanhantes na consulta; verruga genital foi o principal diagnóstico em ambos os sexos; e, 90,1% apresentavam apenas uma DST. CONCLUSÃO: As frequências e características clínicas das DST nas crianças do estudo não diferiram do encontrado na literatura. Embora, com base em sinais e sintomas referentes tão somente às DST nas crianças, não se tenham parâmetros fidedignos de confirmação de abuso, deve-se sempre estar alerta para esta possibilidade, visto que estas doenças podem ser sinalizadoras de ofensas sexuais, por vezes, dissimuladas e repetidas.BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted diseases in children remain a public health concern that is relatively ignored. Further data are required on the management of these diseases and their association with child sexual abuse. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of sexually transmitted diseases in children receiving care at a referral center in the city of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. METHODS: A descriptive, exploratory study was conducted to evaluate the clinical, epidemiological and laboratory

  6. Accepted into Education City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asquith, Christina

    2006-01-01

    Qatar's Education City, perhaps the world's most diverse campus, is almost entirely unknown in the United States, but represents the next step in the globalization of American higher education--international franchising. Aided by technology such as online libraries, distance learning and streaming video, U.S. universities offer--and charge tuition…

  7. Cities on the GROW

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nunes, Richard; Meulen, Suzanne; Mol, G.; Bailey, Alison

    2015-01-01

    Cities on the Grow is a cross-disciplinary project that has been funded by Climate-KIC, an initiative of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. It seeks to support the sustainable growth of urban food enterprises toward the implementation of more commercially viable business practices.

  8. Bandung City, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tarigan, A.K.M.; Sagala, S.S.; Samsura, D.A.A.; Fiisabiilillah, D.F.; Simarmata, H.A.; Nababan, M.

    2016-01-01

    Bandung City has grown to become a very important centre in Indonesia, demonstrating a higher economic growth rate than the national average. It has experienced many challenges resulting from rapid urbanisation, including slums, basic infrastructures, and flooding. Despite such issues, a gradual imp

  9. That City is Mine!

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rooijendijk, Cordula

    2005-01-01

    This thesis is about urban ideal images. It is about dreams - not fictitious beliefs, but dreams that humankind can realize tomorrow. It is about images from intellectuals, pastry cooks, urban planners and firemen. About people who deeply care about their cities, about their hopes, frustrations, ang

  10. Bug City: Beetles [Videotape].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998

    "Bug City" is a video series created to help children learn about insects and other small critters. All aspects of bug life are touched upon including body structure, food, habitat, life cycle, mating habits, camouflage, mutualism (symbiosis), adaptations, social behavior, and more. Each program features dramatic microscopic photography,…

  11. Airport as city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yin, M.

    2011-01-01

    The airport city is a two-fold phenomenon: the areas surrounding the airport develop due to their proximity and accessibility to the terminal complex, and the terminal complex itself develops in to a pseudo-urban centre. This situation is manifest to varying extents in all major airports of the worl

  12. A Committed City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    shanghai, one of the most populated cities in the world’s most populous nation, knew it had the largest ever World Exposition to prepare for more than two years prior to its opening, when a record number of countries and international organizations confirmed their participation. A total of 246 countries and international organizations take part in World Expo 2010,

  13. Innovation in City Governments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lewis, Jenny M; Ricard, Lykke Margot; Klijn, Erik Hans

    Reviews "If you are interested in how social structure can deeply influence social innovation outcomes, or in jump-starting social innovation in your city, this book will provide clear insights about how the way we lead, organize, and interact affects the way we innovate as a society." –Michael W...

  14. City fiiling / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Arhitektide Andres Alveri ja Tiit Trummali tähtsamatest töödest. Pikemalt Tallinna kesklinnas asuvatest majadest City Plaza ja Rävala Neli. Kommentaarid Rein Veidemannilt, Veljo Kaasikult, Hardo Aasmäelt, Toomas Tammiselt, Jaak Aaviksoolt ja Karin Pauluselt

  15. Cities at Play

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magnussen, Rikke; Elming, Anna

    2015-01-01

    for redesigning the neighbourhood in Minecraft and LEGO. These were presented to City of Copenhagen architects and urban planners as well as the head of the Department of Transport, Technology and Environment. Overall the study showed that tasks focused on solving local living problems through neighbourhood...

  16. WE LOVE THE CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Lasse

    2012-01-01

    With a point of departure in amongst others the Danish office of ADEPT’s approach, ‘The city in the building and the building in the city’ (ADEPT 2012), it is consequently the aim of this article to show how workshops can help shape and develop a spatial and architectural approach to form finding...

  17. A Committed City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI LI

    2010-01-01

    @@ Shanghai, one of the most populated cities in the world's most populous nation, knew it had the largest ever 'World Exposition to prepare for more than two years prior to its opening, when a record number of countries and international organizations confirmed their participation.

  18. Nature in the City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferbert, Mary Lou

    1981-01-01

    Describes a science program developed by the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, "Nature in the City," in which students and teachers learn together about the natural community surrounding their school. Includes program's rationale, list of "adventures," and methods. Discusses strategies of Sherlock Holmes'"adventure" focusing on animal tracks…

  19. Heritage Conservation in the "Back Shed" of the Learning City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boshier, Roger

    2003-01-01

    Describes Back Shed, a group of New Zealand heritage conservationists who center their work in lifelong learning. Situates their activities in the context of the learning city, a community development concept that mobilizes learning resources across many sectors. Discusses heritage conservation as a process of meaning making. (Contains 29…

  20. Which are the "best" cities for psychology research worldwide?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bornmann, L.; Leydesdorff, L.; Krampen, G.

    2012-01-01

    We present scientometric results about worldwide centers of excellence in psychology. Based on Web of Science data, scientific excellence can be identified for cities from where highly-cited papers originate. Data refer to all psychology articles published in 2007 which are documented in the Social

  1. The Emergence of City Logistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Many city logistics projects in Europe have failed. The purpose of this article is to increase understanding of how city logistics emerge. A better understanding of the complex organizational processes with many actors and stakeholders in city logistics projects may prevent further...... failures. Design/methodology/approach: Theory on organizational change is applied to capture the processes leading to emergence of city logistics. The methodology is process analysis on a single longitudinal case. Findings: The emergence of the Copenhagen city logistics project can be understood....... The study aims at understanding the social processes towards reduced congestion and greenhouse gas emissions from goods transport in inner cities. Originality/value: By better understanding the organization processes leading to implementation of city logistics, other projects in other cities may learn from...

  2. Bangkok--a city ready to burst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuntawiroon, N; Samootsakorn, P

    1984-05-01

    The population of Bangkok accounts for 11% of the total population of Thailand and the population density in 1981 was 3399/sq km, 6 times as much as the next densest province. The proportion of urban population to the total population rose from 10.3% in 1950 to 16.3% in 1970 and 16.5% in 1980. There are many factors contributing to this uncontrolled growth of Bangkok at the expense of the rest of the country. The city is located in the middle of the region, is in a prime agricultural area, is near the mouth of a river which is widely used for transportation, and was politically a choice spot. Historically, all government agencies have been located in Bangkok and the majority of tax collected all over the country goes to the city where it is allocated by the central government for spending in the national budget. Communication systems are also centered there, as is the only significant international airport. In 1980 the Bangkok gross product was valued at about 35.2% of the total gross domestic product of Thailand that year. Average personal income is about 2.5 times higher than the rest of the country. The city has better social, health, and educational amenities which contribute signficantly to migration. Yet the city is so big that some symptoms of inefficiency are beginning to surface such as traffic congestion, housing shortages, and slums, inadequate water supply and poor sanitation, defective telephone service, air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, and deficient garbage collection. All of these problems are interrelated. If a great deal of funding is spent on the quality of life in Bangkok, and migration continues unabated, it would probably be better to deliberately accelerate the decay of Bangkok until the quality of life is so low that people will start to move out willingly, putting an end to the parasitic role of this prime city that is so harmful to the development endeavor.

  3. 12-18 Yaş Arası Gençlerin Hedonik Tüketim Davranışlarının İncelenmesi: Kocaeli Şehir Merkezinde Bir Araştırma / Analysis of Hedonic Consumption Behaviours of the Young People Aged 12-18: A Research in the City Center of Kocaeli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MERVE ÇAKIR

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Günümüzde tüketiciler sadece ihtiyaçlarına yönelik alışveriş yapmayıp, duygusal anlamda haz duyabileceği ya da alışveriş esnasında zevk alabileceği alışverişler yapmaktadırlar. Modern tüketim toplumlarında tüketim olgusunun duygusal veya hissi boyutu ön plana çıkmış, satın alma sürecinde geleneksel anlayıştan belirgin derecede farklılıklar gösteren hedonik (hazcı tüketim tüketici davranışları açısından giderek daha fazla oranda inceleme konusu olmaya başlamıştır. Pazarlama iletişiminde de firmaların hedef kitleleri genç tüketiciler olarak belirmektedir. Bu çalışma, genç tüketicilerin alışverişe bakışlarında gittikçe önemli bir yer alan hedonik tüketimin nedenlerini incelemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Analysis of Hedonic Consumption Behaviours of the Young People Aged 12-18: A Research in the City Center of Kocaeli At the present time, the consumers have not only been shopping just for their needs, but also for pleasure or to get a kick out of shopping. In modern consumption societies, the emotional dimension of consumption have come into prominence and the hedonic consumption at the process of purchasing that have significant differences from traditional mentality have increasingly been subject to researches. Also in marketing communication, the target audiences of the companies have appeared as young consumers. This study aims researching the reasons of the hedonic consumption which increasingly encompass an important place at the outlooking of the young consumers to shopping.

  4. Perspectiva de alimentação infantil obtida com gestantes atendidas em centros de saúde na cidade de São Paulo Infant feeding expectations according to the pregnant women seen at the healthcare center in the city of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sueli Aparecida Moreira Takushi

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: conhecer a dieta infantil pretendida por gestantes para o primeiro ano de vida. MÉTODOS: estudo transversal cujos dados foram obtidos em formulário estruturado, aplicado durante entrevista individual com 164 gestantes, usuárias da Assistência pré-natal, de centros de saúde da cidade de São Paulo. Para análise estatística foi aplicado teste do chi2 para verificar associação entre idade, escolaridade, paridade e conhecimento de variedade de frutas, legumes, verduras e carnes. RESULTADOS: todas as mulheres conheciam pelo menos uma variedade de fruta e de legume, enquanto que 20% delas não pretendiam introduzir verduras. Não foram obtidos resultados estatisticamente significantes entre idade, escolaridade, paridade e conhecimento de variedade de frutas e de legumes. Foram obtidos resultados estatisticamente significantes entre idade, paridade e conhecimento de variedade de verduras e de carnes. Os alimentos mais rejeitados, na intenção materna, foram o peixe (85,4% e o fígado (82,3%. Foram constatados mitos em relação ao teor de ferro de alimentos. CONCLUSÕES: a intenção de oferecer alimentos à criança em idade inferior ao sexto mês de vida foi freqüente. Reafirma-se a importância de se discutir a transição alimentar infantil durante a assistência prestada à mulher.OBJECTIVES: to obtain information from pregnant women on how they planned to feed their infants during the first year of life. METHODS: cross sectional study of the data obtained through structured questionnaires, filled by means of individual interviews with 164 pregnant women assisted by prenatal clinics in Outpatient Centers in the city of São Paulo. Statistical Chi- Square test was used to determine association between age, school level, parity and knowledge on the variety of fruits, vegetables and meats available. RESULTS: all women knew at least one type of fruit and vegetable while 20% of the women did not intend to offer vegetables

  5. Role of specific geographic landscapes in city break destinations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Štetić Snežana

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Urban tourist destinations or City Break destinations are representing one of main destination products on tourist market. City Break destinations are big cities, administrative, economic and political centers of states and regions. These cities are 'open' 24 hours per day, seven days in week. Inside these tourist destination we can find different range of products (culture, entertainment, recreation, leisure, history, modern infrastructure. In these destinations season is not present and it lasts trough out the year. Promotional campaigns in City Break destinations are truing to create distinguished images in tourists mind as also as on investors, consumers and future residents. They emphasize advantages that those cities are delivering to their consumers, but often we forget that all these cities are having specific geographic landscapes. In the era of limiting of mass tourism to preserve resources for future generations and emphasizing the importance of sustainable development for tourism perspectives, the importance of specific geographic landscapes inside urban destinations for their further development as tourist destinations an their overall development is slightly neglected.

  6. Kantaat Elizabeth II-le

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Inglise luuletaja Andrew Motion'i ja helilooja Peter Maxwell Davies'i kantaadist "The Golden Rule" Inglise kuningannale tema 80 aasta juubeli puhul (esitus 23. apr. Windsoris St George'i kirikus ja sügisesel Windsori festivalil)

  7. Social Studies: Cities in Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faulkner, Brenda F.

    This elective quinmester program for grades 10 through 12 focuses upon the study of urban problems. Students analyze city problems taking into consideration ecology, city planning, model cities, and other factors in an attempt to provide creative solutions. The course is arranged into seven sections. Student activities are to: 1) discuss the…

  8. Magical Landscapes and Designed Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2008-01-01

    from the point of view of the city, where order, design, planning and commerce are important cityscape qualities. The article deals with the way in which these two parts of the city, landscape and brandscape are complementary parts of the city-web. Analytical points made by Mauss, Lévi...

  9. Deconstructing Rotterdam's modern city centre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Hoeven, F.D.

    2013-01-01

    In the 20th century, the Dutch city of Rotterdam was radically transformed from a historic town into a modern city, becoming the selfacclaimed 'city of architecture', home to international architectural design offices, publishers and institutions. Although it is already 60 years after the destructio

  10. JINAN: the City of Springs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Attractions Jinan is not a hot tourist destination in China, but it has Something special to offer, such as the 72 springs scattered throughout the city. Jinan has an alias of the Spring City (Quan Cheng)because of ouver 700 natural springs run through the city. Among them,the Baotu Spring is the most famous.

  11. The city of the merchant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barnow, Niels Finn

    2003-01-01

    The City of the Merchant deals with cities, towns and villages in the European medieval period - i.e. in post-antique and pre-industrial Europe. In actual fact, the book mainly deals with Denmark and Northern Italy (the City States), with digressions to other "feudal" localities in France on Sicily...

  12. Aerosol pollution potential from major population centers

    OpenAIRE

    D. Kunkel; Tost, H; Lawrence, M G

    2013-01-01

    Major population centers (MPCs), or megacities, represent the largest of growing urban agglomerations with major societal and environmental implications. In terms of air quality, they are seen as localized but strong emission sources of aerosols and trace gases which in turn affect air pollution levels in the city or in downwind regions. In the state-of-the-art atmospheric chemistry general circulation model EMAC, generic aerosol and gas-phase tracers with equal emission source strengths at 4...

  13. 深圳市宝安区社区健康服务中心计划免疫护士工作压力状况及其影响因素%Working stress and its influencing factors among EPI nurses in community health service centers in Baoan District of Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭瑞吟

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To explore the sources, extent of working stress of EPI nurses, and provide scientific basis for managers to work out the coping ways relieving working stress effectively. [Methods]A cluster sampling method was used to investigate all EPI nurses about working stress in community health service centers in Baoan District of Shenzhen City. [Results] The overall stress point was 2.50 which was at a higher level. Professional and career issues, workload and allocation of time, working environment were the major sources of stress (average was 2.95, 2.66, 2. 75). Between nurses of different lengths of service, titles, working stress source was not significantly different. While it was significantly different between nurses of different educational levels. Logistic regression analysis showed that the lower educational level lead to higher working stress for nurses( OR =0. 737,95% CIwas 0.546-0.994,P= 0.002) , and the older the nurses were, the higher level of work pressure they had(OR =1.525,95% CIwas 1. 357-1.713,P =0.005). [Conclusion]The high level of working stress among EPI nurses in community health service centers should attract sustained attention, especially the employed nurses with low educational level who need continuous intervention.%目的 了解计划免疫护士工作主要压力来源及压力程度,为管理者能有效帮助护士减轻工作压力提供科学依据.方法 采用整群抽样的方法,对深圳市宝安区全部社区健康服务(社康)中心计划免疫护士的工作压力状况进行调查.结果 总体工作压力程度较高,均分2.50;专业及工作、工作量及时间分配、工作环境及资源为护士主要压力来源(平均分为2.95、2.66、2.75);不同工作年限、职称的护士工作压力源之间差异无统计学意义,不同学历的护士工作压力源之间差异有统计学意义;logistic回归分析显示,文化程度越低,护士的工作压力程度越高(OR=0.737,95%a为0.546~0.994,P

  14. Avaliação das informações de tuberculose (1989 - 1999 de um Centro de Saúde Escola da cidade de São Paulo Evaluation of information on tuberculosis (1989-1999 from a School Health Center in the city of S. Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Péricles Alves Nogueira

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available As fichas contendo os dados dos pacientes com tuberculose, diagnosticados e/ou tratados em um Centro de Saúde Escola da cidade de São Paulo, eram arquivadas por 10 anos e após esse tempo incineradas. Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo e descritivo, visando a preservação desta documentação histórica e a avaliação das atividades do Programa de Controle da Tuberculose no período de 1989 a 1999. As informações contidas nas fichas e nos prontuários médicos arquivados foram processadas em uma base de dados, utilizando-se o Programa EPI-INFO. Foram analisados o perfil dos pacientes e a evolução do tratamento, para subsídio deste e de outros estudos. Foram tratados 590 pacientes com tuberculose, verificando-se que houve um decréscimo anual no número de pacientes. O maior número dos doentes pertencia ao sexo masculino (58%, eram solteiros (46,8%, na faixa etária de 30 a 49 anos (45,6% e residiam nas imediações do Centro de Saúde (48,1%. A forma pulmonar foi a mais freqüente (74,4% e a baciloscopia foi realizada em 375 pacientes (86,3%, com uma positividade de 71,7%. O percentual de saída por cura foi de 72,4%, no período estudado, e o de abandono, 12,4%. Concluiu-se que existe a necessidade de melhoria na qualidade das informações, a implantação de um serviço informatizado no atendimento e no seguimento do tratamento, assim como o aprimoramento da busca ativa, ao menos na sua clientela. Deveria também oferecer o tratamento supervisionado, procurando evitar as altas taxas de abandono e transferência observadas neste estudo.Files containing data of patients with tuberculosis, diagnosed and/or treated in a School Health Center in the City of S. Paulo, were maintained for 10 years and then were incinerated. A retrospective and descriptive study was conducted, focusing on the preservation of that historical documentation and the evaluation of the activities of the Tuberculosis Control Program during the period from 1989 to

  15. The mini climatic city a dedicated space for technological innovations devoted to Sustainable City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derkx, François; Lebental, Bérengère; Merliot, Erick; Dumoulin, Jean; Bourquin, Frédéric

    2015-04-01

    Our cities, from megalopolis to rural commune, are systems of an extraordinary technological and human complexity. Their balance is threatened by the growing population and rarefaction of resources. Massive urbanization endanges the environment, while global climate change, through natural hazards generated (climatic, hydrological and geological), threats people and goods. Connect the city, that is to say, design and spread systems able to route, between multiple actors, a very large amount of heterogeneous information natures and analyzed for various purposes, is at the heart of the hopes to make our cities more sustainable: climate-resilient, energy efficient and actresses of the energy transition, attractive to individuals and companies, health and environment friendly. If multiple players are already aware of this need, progress is slow because, beyond the only connectivity, it is the urban intelligence that will create the sustainable city, through coordinated capabilities of Perception, Decision and Action: to measure phenomena; to analyze their impact on urban sustainability in order to define strategies for improvement; to effectively act on the cause of the phenomenon. In this very active context with a strong societal impact, the Sense-City project aims to accelerate research and innovation in the field of sustainable city, particularly in the field of micro and nanosensors. The project is centered around a "mini climatic City", a unique mobile environmental chamber in Europe of 400m² that can accommodate realistic models of city main components, namely buildings, infrastructures, distribution networks or basements. This R&D test place, available in draft form from January 2015 and in finalized version in 2016, will allow to validate, in realistic conditions, innovative technologies performances for the sustainable city, especially micro- and nano-sensors, at the end of their development laboratory and upstream of industrialization. R & D platform

  16. 以社区为本:城市治理的出发点与落脚点--从H市幸福社区创建与家庭综合服务中心发展的“社区性”谈起%Community as Starting Point and Target of Urban Governance---Comment on attributes of community during the well-being community building and integrated family service center developing in City H

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾江霞

    2016-01-01

    采用案例研究的方法,分析H市幸福社区创建活动中不同社区治理主体参与社区建设的情况,同时与H市家庭综合服务中心开展的社区服务进行对比,进一步分析政府、社会工作服务机构、居民在社区治理中各自的角色,以及三者合作的可能性及方向。有效的城市治理应是能够回应社区居民需要,能够动员各利益相关方参与的城市治理,即开放社区居民参与的渠道、引导新兴社会服务组织提供优质的服务产品、推动城市社区社会资本(如邻里互助等)的发展、以社区为本的城市治理。以社区为本的城市治理着眼于以社区整体利益为出发点,促进社区内部以及社区之间的合作,以实现社会团结和社区的可持续发展。同时,在社会政策发展方向上,政府在让渡服务空间的同时,需要对新兴的社会组织加强引导、规范,增加体制内解决社区问题的能力,最终达到“社区善治”的目标。%With the method of case study , the participation of different community governance subjects in the construction of a happy community in H city is analyzed and later compared with the community service pro -vided by Integrated Family Service Center in H City .Furthermore , the respective roles of government , social service agency and residents in the process of community governance are analyzed and the possibilities and direction of their future cooperation are discussed .Effective city governance should be able to respond to the needs of residents in the community and cam mobilize all the stakeholders to participate in city governance , which means the opening of the channels for community residents to participate , and leading of new social service groups to provide quality service , and promoting the development of community social capital ( such as neighborhood assistance ) in the cities .It all comes down to the community-based mode of city

  17. Transplant Center Search Form

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Share Your Story Give Us Feedback - A + A Transplant Center Search Form Welcome to the Blood & Marrow ... transplant centers for patients with a particular disease. Transplant Center login Username: * Password: * Request new password Join ...

  18. Children's cancer centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pediatric cancer center; Pediatric oncology center; Comprehensive cancer center ... Treating childhood cancer is not the same as treating adult cancer. The cancers are different. So are the treatments and the ...

  19. 我国三城市社区卫生服务中心临床医师队伍现状调查%A survey on current status of clinicians in community health-care service centers of three cities in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全国全科医学专业技术队伍现状研究课题组

    2009-01-01

    Objective To understand current status and problems existed among clinicians workforce in several community health-care service centers of China to provide evidence for relevant policy-making. Methods Sixty-two community health-care service centers were selected from two districts each in Tianjin, Nanjing and Wuhan Cities, respectively, for the survey with questionnaire and focus group discussion. Results ①Fifty-eight of 62 community health-care service centers surveyed (93.5 percent) were qualified as a legal entity, 60 (96.8 percent) registered as medical insurance institutions designated by government, and 59 (95.2 percent) were state-owned or run by state-owned hospitals. All the 60 institutions provided service in public health and essential medical care for communities and were economically running relatively good. ②There were totally 1664 registered clinicians with an average age of 45 years ( and a standard deviation of 11 ), 942 of them ( 56.6 percent) at age above 45, 406 ( 24.4 percent) at age below 35, and 1166 (70.1 percent) with college education. ③Thirty-eight of 874 clinicians with medium or senior professional titles (4.4 percent) were qualified as general practitioners (GPs). ④Five hundred and thirty-eight of 1024 licensed clinicians or assistant clinicians (52.5 percent) were registered as internists for permit to practice medicine, and 65 registered as GPs (6.3 percent). There were totally 257 GPs in general practice clinics and 45 of them registered as GPs (17.5 percent) for permit to practice medicine. ⑤One hundred and five clinicians were promoted in the past three years and 17 of them were registered as GPs (16.2 percent). ⑥Three hundred and fifty-four clinicians were temporarily employed (21.3 percent) of those in service. Conclusions ①A lot of clinicians at general practice consultation rooms in community health-care service centers practiced medicine often beyond their duties registered. ②Few clinicians extended their

  20. City under the Ice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristian Hvidtfelt

    military conflicts are taking place. Studying the wealth of public representations of Camp Century, established 1959-60 by the US Army 128 miles east of the Thule Air Base and often referred to as the “City under the Ice”, we find a sharp contrast between the domesticated interior and the superpower...... conflict that gave impetus to the camp’s construction. Presented to the public as a scientific station and a technologically-advanced, under-ice extension of the American way of life, while situated in the titanic struggle between West and East, Camp Century took on a number of closed-world meanings....... However, the military logic of Camp Century was self-referential and closed in the sense that the very idea of constructing the city under ice emerged from Cold War strategy. The closed world of Camp Century established a temporary boundary between, on the one hand, the comfortable space controlled by US...

  1. The Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Jensen, Ole B.; Kiib, Hans

    2009-01-01

    of a research project  mapping the different approaches to urban transformation and experience design, to the level of strategic thinking and planning, and to the content of the programs implemented. Special emphasis is put on on projects combining experience, leisure and learning, and on projects which have...... concepts and framings that will guide the understanding and the analysis of the experience city. In section three we focus on the design of the Danish experience city and present the first findings of the research project The projects are categorised according to their content, structure and urban...... localisation. In particular the cases are represented in relation to their strategic and urban planning importance, their social and cultural content and their architectural representation and the programmes they contain. The article ends with a short discussion of some  of these preliminary findings as well...

  2. Coworking in the city

    OpenAIRE

    Merkel, J.

    2015-01-01

    In the aftermath of the financial and economic crisis of 2007 and 2008, a new type of collaboratively oriented workplace has emerged in cities. These coworking spaces and the associated practice of coworking exemplify new ways of organising labour in project-based and largely freelance occupations as found in the cultural and creative industries. But coworking spaces are not just flexible shared office spaces for creative professionals ‘working alone together’ (Spinuzzi, 2012). Coworking prom...

  3. Practicing the Generic (City)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone Koefoed

    2010-01-01

    Flanagan proposes that most locative media artworks neglect the particularities of spaces, their historical and political layers. Koolhaas, on the other hand, states that all urban areas are alike, that we are facing a global Generic City. The paper analyses digital media artist Esther Polak......’s NomadicMILK project in light of the generic and particular properties of space as laid out by Flanagan and Koolhaas in order to discuss the possible reconfiguring practices of locative media....

  4. City of open works

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riesto, Svava; Søberg, Martin; Braae, Ellen Marie

    2012-01-01

    Cities change – and so do the tasks and agendas of landscapes architects. New types of urban schemes are increasingly arising. On the one hand, new sorts of commissions have emerged in recent years – on the other hand, traditional commissions have been interpreted in radically new ways. These con......-geneous design method. But what actually characterizes this new design method? We have pointed out five specific strategies...

  5. Living in Living Cities

    CERN Document Server

    Gershenson, Carlos

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents and overview of current and potential applications of living technology to urban problems. Living technology can be described as technology that exhibits the core features of living systems. These features can be useful to solve dynamic problems. In particular, urban problems concerning mobility, logistics, telecommunications, governance, safety, sustainability, and society and culture are presented, while solutions involving living technology are reviewed. Finally, the usefulness of describing cities as living systems is discussed.

  6. Tackling Cities' Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ The world will continue to rely on scientists and technicians to tackle looming challenges in climate,medicine and transportation.A forum addressing science and technological innovations and the future of urbanization was held in Wuxi City in east China's Jiangsu Province on June 21-22,where scientists and government officials the world over discussed these three main issues.Edited excerpts follow:

  7. WE LOVE THE CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Lasse

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRAKTISTAN 2011 og udstillingen WE LOVE THE CITY på Utzon Centeret i Aalborg vil vi derfor gerne vise alle, der færdes i byen og bruger dens arkitektur, at der i Urban design fagligheden er et potentiale. Både for de der bruger byen og for dem der udøver arkitekturen med en stærk urban intention i det skala...

  8. SUCEAVA CITY AND ITS NEW ECONOMIC COORDONATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionela Corina CHIRILEASA (DEDIȚĂ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the market economy, Suceava, urban development pole of the North-Eastern Region, defines more clearly its social–economic coordinates that tend to enroll it. If the commercial function led to the acquisition of an urban state and to the future development of the city until the interwar period, the 5th- 9th decades of the 20thcentury induce significant functional changes in the evolution of Suceava as an urban center. Nowadays, after a period of economic transition, marked by the radical industrial restructuring, Suceava defines more clearly the role of the urban center for services, which exerts a powerful attraction on its influence area. This article intends to analyze the socio-economic functional changes that mark Suceava nowadays compared to previous periods and to identify the factors responsible for generating this change.

  9. Southern California Particle Center

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — At the Southern California Particle Center, center researchers will investigate the underlying mechanisms that produce the health effects associated with exposure to...

  10. Womens Business Center

    Data.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration — Women's Business Centers (WBCs) represent a national network of nearly 100 educational centers throughout the United States and its territories, which are designed...

  11. Clean Cities 2015 Annual Metrics Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, Caley [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Singer, Mark [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2016-12-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Clean Cities program advances the nation's economic, environmental, and energy security by supporting local actions to cut petroleum use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in transportation. A national network of nearly 100 Clean Cities coalitions, whose territory covers 80% of the U.S. population, brings together stakeholders in the public and private sectors to deploy alternative and renewable fuels, idle-reduction (IR) measures, fuel economy improvements, and new transportation technologies as they emerge. Each year, DOE asks Clean Cities coordinators to submit annual reports of their activities and accomplishments for the previous calendar year. Progress reports and information are submitted online as a function of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Coordinators report a range of information that characterize the membership, funding, projects, and activities of their coalitions. They also document activities in their region related to the development of refueling/charging infrastructure, sales of alternative fuels; deployment of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs); idle reduction initiatives; fuel economy improvement activities; and programs to reduce vehicle miles traveled (VMT). NREL analyzes the data and translates them into petroleum-use and GHG emission reduction impacts, which are summarized in this report.

  12. Clean Cities 2012 Annual Metrics Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, C.

    2013-12-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Clean Cities program advances the nation's economic, environmental, and energy security by supporting local actions to cut petroleum use in transportation. A national network of nearly 100 Clean Cities coalitions brings together stakeholders in the public and private sectors to deploy alternative and renewable fuels, idle-reduction measures, fuel economy improvements, and new transportation technologies, as they emerge. Each year DOE asks Clean Cities coordinators to submit annual reports of their activities and accomplishments for the previous calendar year. Data and information are submitted via an online database that is maintained as part of the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Coordinators submit a range of data that characterizes the membership, funding, projects, and activities of their coalitions. They also submit data about sales of alternative fuels, deployment of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), idle-reduction initiatives, fuel economy activities, and programs to reduce vehicle miles traveled (VMT). NREL analyzes the data and translates them into petroleum-use reduction impacts, which are summarized in this report.

  13. Recentralization of Kampala City Administration in Uganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nabukeera Madinah

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The government disseminated a new constitution in 1995 with the provision on decentralization of Article 176 2 (b that acted shortly before the rebirth of the local government act in 1997. Devolution as a form of decentralization transferred both political and administrative powers from the center to lower local councils specially to handle the responsibility of service delivery. Following the approval of the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA Act 2010, the city’s administration reverted to the central government. Detractors of decentralization allege that the conveyance in the policy and legislation for change of Kampala city administration was timely because decentralization failed to deliver desired services to residents. This article contends that recentralization of Kampala city administration was a necessary evil, it decreased the autonomy of sub-national governments in civil service administration, eroded accountability to the electorates, and transferred the allegiance of the accounting officer from local governments with and for which they work to the central government that designates and positions. To inflame accountability in local governments, the article champions for the reexamining of the KCCA Act 2010 to allow power sharing between the mayor and executive director to enhance bottom-up accountability, checks and balances, and for participation of central government in appointing of executive director to allow financial and security support. It additionally requests for a reconsideration of the 9th Parliament to lobby for the amendments owing to challenges in its implementation and impact on accountability.

  14. Green and sustainable City will become the development objective of China's Low Carbon City in future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li-Qun, Liu; Chun-Xia, Liu; Yun-Guang, Gao

    2014-01-14

    Environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions are becoming significant environmental issues in China, thus the sustainable development and revival of the country is impossible using the conventional path of encouraging economic growth at the expense of the environment. In response to the global warming, the prices of the traditional energy rise considerably, and a series of environmental problems, China must improve its own mode of economic development. Hundreds of Chinese cities have billions of square meters of buildings and most industry and the annual energy demand is an astronomical figure. China's government is facing increasing pressure in the low carbon international backdrop, and the low carbon city becomes the inevitable developmental direction of Chinese city in the foreseeable future. The description is first centered on energy structure/energy consumption per unit/urbanized status, and urban energy consumption status, and then concerned with the efforts and measures of Chinese government, to realize the energy saving. Finally, we present the developmental prospect and barriers and the promotion measures related to the low carbon city under the government policy, financial incentives and funding supports, etc.

  15. BERDE (BERZA’A A CITY OF CIVILISATION IN THE MIDDLE AGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Özmenli

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The city has been the most important symbol of merciless struggle against nature in mankind history since people started to live together. Cities, as places, have been one of the most important indicators of civilizations where humans have fulfilled their needs and relationships. In the Middle Ages many new cities either newly established or developed with their own structures. A new city was founded onto the core city or around it. These cities including fairs, bazaars, places for the craftsmen became the centers of important economic activities. The city of Berde had already been a miniature and mirror of Sassanians and subsequently became a miniature and mirror of Ottoman governments. Berde was one of the important centers in terms of strategic and economic position particularly silk production. Berde has never lost its importance until Russian invasion and then Mongolian invasion. The investigation of this city which was displayed in the Middle Ages historical sources in a position of east-west route was conducted by means of literature review. The geographical position, political and cultural activities, economic status of this city were investigated and its contributions to the history of civilization were examined.

  16. A Visit to the Rehabilitation Center for Drug Addicts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    TWENTY-four-year-old Mu Li has come to the rehabilitation center in Tianjin of her own free will. After a year on drugs, she now wants to quit. This is her second time being hospitalized. The first time, she stayed for 20 days in the center. Not long after she was discharged, however, she was on drugs again. So she came back to the center, begging to be hospitalized again. The Tianjin Rehabilitation Center for Drug Addicts (TRCDA) where Mu Li is being treated was established in 1992, although cases of drug abuse were then still rare in the city. However, with the increasing rate of drug abuse in coastal

  17. Playable cities the city as a digital playground

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    This book addresses the topic of playable cities, which use the ‘smartness’ of digital cities to offer their citizens playful events and activities. The contributions presented here examine various aspects of playable cities, including developments in pervasive and urban games, the use of urban data to design games and playful applications, architecture design and playability, and mischief and humor in playable cities. The smartness of digital cities can be found in the sensors and actuators that are embedded in their environment. This smartness allows them to monitor, anticipate and support our activities and increases the efficiency of the cities and our activities. These urban smart technologies can offer citizens playful interactions with streets, buildings, street furniture, traffic, public art and entertainment, large public displays and public events.

  18. Avaliação da saúde de crianças em creches de cidade do sul do Brasil Evaluación de la salud en niños en guarderías de ciudad del sur de Brasil Health assessment of children in daycare centers in a city of Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doroteia Aparecida Höfelmann

    2012-09-01

    (n=589. La recolección de datos incluyó medidas antropométricas y cuestionario con variables infantiles y del responsable. La evaluación del responsable sobre la salud infantil fue clasificada como muy buena, buena, regular, mala o muy mala. Para el análisis, las dos primeras categorías fueron agrupadas y las tres últimas indicaron salud negativa. Las razones de prevalencia brutas y ajustadas y sus respectivos intervalos de confianza de 95% (IC95% fueron calculados por medio de la regresión de Poisson, con ajuste para delineaciones complejas. RESULTADOS: Se evaluaron a 531 niños (90,2%, con edades de 1,5 meses a 7,5 años, la mayoría era de guarderías públicas (75,9%. Solamente el 8,1% (IC95% 5,8 - 10,4% tuvieron su salud clasificada como regular. Niños que fueron hospitalizados el último año, con color de la piel negra, amarilla o india, que quedaban más de 20 horas por semana en la guardería y con consumo alimentar considerado «pequeño» por los padres presentaron mayor prevalencia de salud clasificada como regular. Padres que relataron consumir bebidas alcohólicas evaluaron como peor la salud de sus hijos. CONCLUSIONES: La mayoría de los responsables evaluó positivamente la salud de sus hijos. Color de la piel, hospitalizaciones y consumo alimentar fueron variables independientemente asociadas a peor evaluación de salud infantil por los responsables.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the health of children assisted at public and private daycare centers of a city to the South of Brazil, and to assess its association with socioeconomic, demographic, and health-related conditions. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with dual-stage sampling (n=589. Data collection included anthropometric measures and a questionnaire with variables related to children and their guardians. Guardian's ratings of children's health were classified as very good, good, fair, poor, or very poor. The first two categories were grouped, and the three last ones indicated poor health. Crude

  19. Large cities are less green

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Erneson A.; Andrade, José S.; Makse, Hernán A.

    2014-02-01

    We study how urban quality evolves as a result of carbon dioxide emissions as urban agglomerations grow. We employ a bottom-up approach combining two unprecedented microscopic data on population and carbon dioxide emissions in the continental US. We first aggregate settlements that are close to each other into cities using the City Clustering Algorithm (CCA) defining cities beyond the administrative boundaries. Then, we use data on CO2 emissions at a fine geographic scale to determine the total emissions of each city. We find a superlinear scaling behavior, expressed by a power-law, between CO2 emissions and city population with average allometric exponent β = 1.46 across all cities in the US. This result suggests that the high productivity of large cities is done at the expense of a proportionally larger amount of emissions compared to small cities. Furthermore, our results are substantially different from those obtained by the standard administrative definition of cities, i.e. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Specifically, MSAs display isometric scaling emissions and we argue that this discrepancy is due to the overestimation of MSA areas. The results suggest that allometric studies based on administrative boundaries to define cities may suffer from endogeneity bias.

  20. Securing water for the cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satterthwaite, D

    1993-01-01

    Many cities in developing countries have grown so much that they can no longer provide adequate, sustainable water. Over pumping in Dakar and Mexico City has forced those cities to obtain water from ever more distant sources. In Dakar, the result has been saltwater intrusion. Overpumping has caused Mexico City to sink, in some areas by as much as 9 m, resulting in serious damage to buildings and sewage and drainage pipes. Other cities facing similar water problems are coastal cities in Peru (e.g., Lima), La Rioja and Catamarca in Argentina, cities in Northern Mexico, and cities in dry areas of Africa. For some cities, the problem is not so much ever more distant water supplies but insufficient funds to expand supplies. Bangkok and Jakarta both face saltwater intrusion into their overdrawn aquifers. Even through agriculture is the dominant user of water in most countries, demand concentrated in a small area exhausts local and regional sources and pollutes rivers, lakes, and coasts with untreated human and industrial waste. Most cities in Africa and Asia do not have a sewerage system. Further, most cities do not have the drains to deal with storm water and external floodwater, causing frequent, seasonal flooding. The resulting stagnant water provides breeding grounds for insect vectors of diseases (e.g., malaria). The problems in most cities are a result of poor management, not lack of water. Reducing leaks in existing piped distribution systems from the usual 60% loss of water to leaks to 12% would increase the available water 2-fold. Another way to address water shortages would be commercial, industrial, and recreational use of minimally treated waste water, such as is the case in Madras and Mexico City. Political solutions are needed to resolve inadequate water supply and waste management.

  1. AN IN SITU PERMEABLE REACTIVE BARRIER FOR THE TREATMENT OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM AND TRICHLOROETHYLENE IN GROUNDWATER:VOLUME 2 PERFORMANCE MONITORING

    Science.gov (United States)

    A 46 m long, 7.3 m deep, and 0.6 m wide permeable subsurface reactive wall was installed at the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Support Center, near Elizabeth City, North Carolina, in June 1996. The reactive wall was designed to remediate hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] contaminated ground ...

  2. AN IN-SITU PERMEABLE REACTIVE BARRIER FOR THE TREATMENT OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM AND TRICHLOROETHYLENE IN GROUND WATER: VOLUME 1 DESIGN AND INSTALLATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    A 46 m long, 7.3 m deep, and 0.6 m wide permeable subsurface reactive wall was installed at the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Support Center, near Elizabeth City, North Carolina, in June 1996. The reactive wall was designed to remediate hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] contaminated ground ...

  3. Student Success Center Toolkit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jobs For the Future, 2014

    2014-01-01

    "Student Success Center Toolkit" is a compilation of materials organized to assist Student Success Center directors as they staff, launch, operate, and sustain Centers. The toolkit features materials created and used by existing Centers, such as staffing and budgeting templates, launch materials, sample meeting agendas, and fundraising…

  4. Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiuJie

    2004-01-01

    There are three major space launch bases in China, the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center,the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center and the Xichang Satellite Launch Center. All the three launch centers are located in sparsely populated areas where the terrain is even and the field of vision is broad. Security, transport conditions and the influence of the axial rotation

  5. CityGML - Interoperable semantic 3D city models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gröger, Gerhard; Plümer, Lutz

    2012-07-01

    CityGML is the international standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) for the representation and exchange of 3D city models. It defines the three-dimensional geometry, topology, semantics and appearance of the most relevant topographic objects in urban or regional contexts. These definitions are provided in different, well-defined Levels-of-Detail (multiresolution model). The focus of CityGML is on the semantical aspects of 3D city models, its structures, taxonomies and aggregations, allowing users to employ virtual 3D city models for advanced analysis and visualization tasks in a variety of application domains such as urban planning, indoor/outdoor pedestrian navigation, environmental simulations, cultural heritage, or facility management. This is in contrast to purely geometrical/graphical models such as KML, VRML, or X3D, which do not provide sufficient semantics. CityGML is based on the Geography Markup Language (GML), which provides a standardized geometry model. Due to this model and its well-defined semantics and structures, CityGML facilitates interoperable data exchange in the context of geo web services and spatial data infrastructures. Since its standardization in 2008, CityGML has become used on a worldwide scale: tools from notable companies in the geospatial field provide CityGML interfaces. Many applications and projects use this standard. CityGML is also having a strong impact on science: numerous approaches use CityGML, particularly its semantics, for disaster management, emergency responses, or energy-related applications as well as for visualizations, or they contribute to CityGML, improving its consistency and validity, or use CityGML, particularly its different Levels-of-Detail, as a source or target for generalizations. This paper gives an overview of CityGML, its underlying concepts, its Levels-of-Detail, how to extend it, its applications, its likely future development, and the role it plays in scientific research. Furthermore, its

  6. Analysis of Elizabeth' s Love in Winesburg, Ohio: a Perspective of Sociological Criticism%小镇情事——社会学角度解读《小镇畸人》中伊丽莎白的爱情

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭平

    2015-01-01

    美国现代著名作家舍伍德· 安德森在其代表作《小镇畸人》中刻画了一个由农业社会向资本主义社会转型时期的美国西部小镇,镇上的人们行为怪异,被称为畸人,伊莉莎白是无数畸人中的一个. 借助关于疯癫形成的社会机制的理论,结合女性主义的观点,通过解读伊莉莎白在少女时期、婚姻中以及生命最后阶段的爱情,分析伊莉莎白因爱而畸的外部社会原因,警醒当代的人们关注女性的情感世界,保障女性在变化的社会机制中健康发展.%In the novel Winesburg,Ohio,Sherwood Anderson depicts a town named Winesburg located in the western part of America , which is transferring from the agricultural society to the industrial society .Many town residents be-have strangely and have a twisted mind ,and they are called grotesques , Elizabeth is just one of them .By applying the theory of social mechanism over human madness and adopting feminist approach , the paper interprets Elizabeth ' s love life, namely love before marriage , love in the marriage and love at the end of her life with an analysis about the exter-nal social factors of her twisted psychology in her love so as to alert modern people of female ' s emotional world and to ensure the mental health of women in society .

  7. NIEHS/EPA Children’s Environmental Health Centers: Lifecourse Exposures & Diet: Epigenetics, Maturation & Metabolic Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health (CCCEH) at Columbia University studies long-term health of urban pollutants on children raised in minority neighborhoods in inner-city communities.

  8. NIEHS/EPA CEHCs: Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Center - Dartmouth College

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health (CCCEH) at Columbia University studies long-term health of urban pollutants on children raised in minority neighborhoods in inner-city communities.

  9. Resultados maternos e neonatais em Centro de Parto Normal peri-hospitalar na cidade de São Paulo, Brasil Resultados maternos y neonatales en un Centro de Parto Normal perihospitalario en la ciudad de São Paulo, Brasil Maternal and perinatal outcomes of an alongside hospital Birth Center in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Fagundes Lobo

    2010-09-01

    describe the maternal and perinatal results of care in the alongside hospital birth center Casa de Maria (CPN-CM, located in the city of São Paulo. The random sample included 991 women and their newborns, attended between 2003 and 2006. The results showed that 92.2% of women had a companion of her choice during childbirth and the practices commonly used were shower or immersion bath (92.9%, amniotomy (62.6%, walking (47.6%, massage comfort (29.8% and episiotomy (25.7%. Regarding newborns, 99.9% of them had Apgar scores =7 in the fifth minute, 9.3% received aspiration of the upper airway, no one needed to be intubated and 1.4% were removed to the hospital. The model of care in the CPN-CM provides maternal and perinatal outcomes expected for low obstetric risk women, and means a safe option and less interventionist model in normal childbirth.

  10. The Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Jensen, Ole B.; Kiib, Hans

    2012-01-01

    findings. The projects are categorised according to their content, structure and urban localisation. In particular the cases are labelled in relation to their strategic and urban planning importance, their social and cultural content and their architectural representation and the programmes they contain...... to relate to the wider international debate and development. In section two we present the main theoretical concepts and framings that will guide the understanding and the analysis of the experience city. In section three we focus on the design of the ‘Danish experience city’ and present the first research...

  11. The Emerging City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samson, Kristine

    The paper explores how urban bodies such as architecture, urban design, art works and social action can be drawn together in as urban assemblages producing “a movement of generalised deterritorialization”(Deleuze & Guattari 2004:78) in relation to the city. The first example, “The Elbæk bench” – ......, Capitalism and Schizofrenia. Transl. Massumi Continuum, New York, London Whitehead, A.N. (1978) Process and Reality, corrected edition, Eds. Griffin, David Ray & Sherburne, Donald. W. The Free Press, New York...

  12. Visions of the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinder, David

    hopes and dreams of modern urbanism. It also contests current claims about the 'end of utopia', arguing that reconsidering earlier projects can play a critical role in developing utopian perspectives today. Through the study of utopian visions, it aims to rekindle elements of utopianism itself.......Visions of the City is a dramatic account of utopian urbanism in the twentieth century. It explores radical demands for new spaces and ways of living, and considers their effects on planning, architecture and struggles to shape urban landscapes. Such visions, it shows, have played a crucial role...

  13. Towards Smart City Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rehm, Matthias; Stan, Catalin; Wøldike, Niels Peter

    2015-01-01

    We present an approach to geometry learning that is based on a didactic theory, which builds on play in order to discover and learn about geometry. Inspired by this theory, a mobile and location-aware game has been developed that aims at embodying geometric concepts in the real world. To this end......, the concept of smart city learning is exploited to situate learning about geometric shapes in concrete buildings and thus make them more accessible for younger children. In close collaboration with a local school a game for 3rd graders was developed and tested on a field trip and in class. A mixed measures...

  14. New city spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gehl, Jan; Gemzøe, Lars

    2001-01-01

    2. rev. udg. engelsk udgave af 'Nye byrum'. This book presents an overview of the developments in the use and planning of public spaces, and offers a detailed description of 9 cities with interesting public space strategies: Barcelona, Lyon, Strasbourg, Freiburg and Copenhagen in Europe, Portland...... in North America, Curitiba and Cordoba in South America and Melbourne in Australia. It also portrays 39 selected public space projects from all parts of the World. The strategies and projects are extensively illustrated by drawings, plans and photographs....

  15. Beijing-Entertainment City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    With 3,000 years of history and over 18 million people,Beijing is a city that has moved with the times.Behind the brand new malls,futuristic buildings and vibrant nightlife,one can still feel the pulse of China’s ancient culture.Here are a few options to discover Beijing’s rich and vibrant entertainment scene. Traditional Beijing Peking Opera is the most famous of all Chinese opera and certainly the quintessential traditional Chinese culture.It combines music,vocal per-

  16. Beyond the City Limits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Hairong

    2012-01-01

    While most fresh university graduates in China aim to find jobs in the cities,more and more welleducated young people are starting to look for career opportunities in rural areas.Cheng Guangjing is one of those who have chosen to work as a village official.In 2009 he began working in Dongzhuang Village,Lankao County in central China's Henan Province.On November 24,2011,the villagers unanimously elected him secretary of the Dongzhuang Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC).

  17. City project and public space

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    The book aims at nurturing theoretic reflection on the city and the territory and working out and applying methods and techniques for improving our physical and social landscapes. The main issue is developed around the projectual dimension, with the objective of visualising both the city and the territory from a particular viewpoint, which singles out the territorial dimension as the city’s space of communication and negotiation. Issues that characterise the dynamics of city development will be faced, such as the new, fresh relations between urban societies and physical space, the right to the city, urban equity, the project for the physical city as a means to reveal civitas, signs of new social cohesiveness, the sense of contemporary public space and the sustainability of urban development. Authors have been invited to explore topics that feature a pluralism of disciplinary contributions studying formal and informal practices on the project for the city and seeking conceptual and operative categories capab...

  18. The Emergence of City Logistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard, Britta

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: – Many city logistics projects in Europe have failed. A better understanding of the complex organizational change processes in city logistics projects with many stakeholders may expand city logistics capabilities and thereby help prevent future failures. The purpose of this paper...... is therefore to increase understanding of how city logistics emerge, and secondarily, to investigate whether such processes can be managed at all. Design/methodology/approach: – A paradigm shift in urban planning creates new ways of involving stakeholders in new sustainability measures such as city logistics....... Organizational change theory is applied to capture the social processes leading to emergence of city logistics. The methodology is a qualitative processual analysis of a single longitudinal case. Findings: – The change process took different forms over time. At the time of concluding the analysis, positive...

  19. Qualitative evaluation of the menu and plate waste in public day care centers in São Paulo city, Brazil Avaliação qualitativa do cardápio e desperdício de alimentos em creches públicas do município de São Paulo

    OpenAIRE

    Giovana Longo-Silva; Maysa Toloni; Sara Rodrigues; Ada Rocha; José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study assessed menu quality and plate waste in public day care centers of São Paulo (SP), Brazil. METHODS: This cross-sectional study collected data from the nurseries of seven day care centers, totaling 366 children aged 12 to 36 months. Each day care center was assessed for three days, totaling 42 days and 210 meals. Menu quality was assessed by the Qualitative Analysis of Menu Preparations method (Análise Qualitativa das Preparações do Cardápio), adapted for day care center...

  20. Smart Cities Will Need Chemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru WOINAROSCHY

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A smart city is a sustainable and efficient urban centre that provides a high quality of life to its inhabitants through optimal management of its resources. Chemical industry has a key role to play in the sustainable evolution of the smart cities. Additionally, chemistry is at the heart of all modern industries, including electronics, information technology, biotechnology and nano-technology. Chemistry can make the smart cities project more sustainable, more energy efficient and more cost effective. There are six broad critical elements of any smart city: water management systems; infrastructure; transportation; energy; waste management and raw materials consumption. In all these elements chemistry and chemical engineering are deeply involved.

  1. Smart Cities and Sustainability Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena BATAGAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In our age cities are complex systems and we can say systems of systems. Today locality is the result of using information and communication technologies in all departments of our life, but in future all cities must to use smart systems for improve quality of life and on the other hand for sustainable development. The smart systems make daily activities more easily, efficiently and represent a real support for sustainable city development. This paper analysis the sus-tainable development and identified the key elements of future smart cities.

  2. Large cities are less green

    CERN Document Server

    Oliveira, E A; Makse, H A

    2014-01-01

    We study how urban quality evolves as a result of carbon dioxide emissions as urban agglomerations grow. We employ a bottom-up approach combining two unprecedented microscopic data on population and carbon dioxide emissions in the continental US. We first aggregate settlements that are close to each other into cities using the City Clustering Algorithm (CCA) defining cities beyond the administrative boundaries. Then, we use data on $\\rm{CO}_2$ emissions at a fine geographic scale to determine the total emissions of each city. We find a superlinear scaling behavior, expressed by a power-law, between $\\rm{CO}_2$ emissions and city population with average allometric exponent $\\beta = 1.46$ across all cities in the US. This result suggests that the high productivity of large cities is done at the expense of a proportionally larger amount of emissions compared to small cities. Furthermore, our results are substantially different from those obtained by the standard administrative definition of cities, i.e. Metropol...

  3. Perception of Length to Width Relations of City Squares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harold T. Nefs

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we focus on how people perceive the aspect ratio of city squares. Earlier research has focused on distance perception but not so much on the perceived aspect ratio of the surrounding space. Furthermore, those studies have focused on “open” spaces rather than urban areas enclosed by walls, houses and filled with people, cars, etc. In two experiments, we therefore measured, using a direct and an indirect method, the perceived aspect ratio of five city squares in the historic city center of Delft, the Netherlands. We also evaluated whether the perceived aspect ratio of city squares was affected by the position of the observer on the square. In the first experiment, participants were asked to set the aspect ratio of a small rectangle such that it matched the perceived aspect ratio of the city square. In the second experiment, participants were asked to estimate the length and width of the city square separately. In the first experiment, we found that the perceived aspect ratio was in general lower than the physical aspect ratio. However, in the second experiment, we found that the calculated ratios were close to veridical except for the most elongated city square. We conclude therefore that the outcome depends on how the measurements are performed. Furthermore, although indirect measurements are nearly veridical, the perceived aspect ratio is an underestimation of the physical aspect ratio when measured in a direct way. Moreover, the perceived aspect ratio also depends on the location of the observer. These results may be beneficial to the design of large open urban environments, and in particular to rectangular city squares.

  4. Monitoring Energy and Carbon Fluxes in a Mediterranean City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marras, S.; Sirca, C.; Bellucco, V.; Arca, A.; Ventura, A.; Duce, P.; Spano, D.

    2015-12-01

    Cities and the surrounding areas play an important role in altering and/or contributing to the natural processes of the Earth system. Specifically, cities affect the amount and partitioning of energy fluxes, as well as the carbon budget. It is recognized that increased greenhouse gases (GHG) concentration (mainly carbon dioxide) and air temperature values are typically experienced by cities, due to their structural and morphological characteristics and to human activities in urban areas (such as traffic, domestic heating/cooling, etc.). This will impact the urban climate. Reducing the impact of urbanization on climate requires the knowledge of the interactions and links between human activities and the land-atmosphere system. Each city has different characteristics and conditions, so planning strategies helping in reducing carbon emissions should take into account local features. In this contest, monitoring activities are crucial to study the exchange of energy, water, and carbon over the city, evaluate their impact on human livability, and understand the role of the city on climate. A research activity is carried out in the Mediterranean city of Sassari, in the North of Sardinia island (Italy) to monitor urban fluxes and distinguish the main sources of GHG emissions, which could help the municipality to identify possible actions for reducing them. An Eddy Covariance tower was set up in the city center to directly monitor energy and carbon exchanges at half-hourly time step. Even if the measurement period only consists of few months, the daily trend of urban fluxes clearly shows that traffic is one of the main carbon emission sources, while the contribution of vegetation in sequestering carbon is low due to the reduced amount of green areas in the measurements footprint (< 20%). In addition, differences between working days and holiday periods can be distinguished.

  5. in Beirut City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. El Khoury

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of nutritional supplements among exercisers in gyms has been never investigated in the Middle East. The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence intake of nutritional supplements and the potential influencing factors among people exercising in gyms in Beirut city. In this cross-sectional study, 512 exercisers, aged between 20 and 50 years, were randomly selected from gyms. The intake of nutritional supplements was reported among 36.3% (95% confidence interval 32.2–40.5 of participants, with a weak presence of medical supervision. Patterns of supplement use differed by gender and age. Men and younger exercisers were found to focus on supplements associated with performance enhancement and muscle building, while women and older exercisers were more concerned with health-promoting products such as vitamins, minerals, and herbal supplements. An appropriate dissemination of accurate and scientifically sound information regarding the benefits and side effects of nutritional supplements is highly recommended in the sports environment in Beirut city.

  6. Advantages and Disadvantages in setting up and managing a Captive Center in Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, An; Nguyen, Thanh

    2015-01-01

    This work concerns factors that Captive Centers would face when they operate in Vietnam. In other words, it purposes to perceive in detail what Vietnam offers to Captive Centers by identifying the advantages and disadvantages in establishing and managing Captive Centers in Vietnam from the perspective of foreign companies. Under the qualitative research method, the authors have done three interviews with the managers of two Captive Centers operating in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, by sending th...

  7. Inner-city station areas in Chinese cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, X.

    2014-01-01

    Redevelopments of Chinese inner-­‐city station areas introduced both new transport infrastructures (high speed railway, urban mass transit system, etc.) and real estate projects to station vicinities during the past decades. However, existing station areas are isolated from the rest of the city, and

  8. 伊丽莎白·亚历山大教授访谈录%Interview with Prof.Elizabeth Alexander

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗良功

    2011-01-01

    Elizabeth Alexander is poet,professor and chair of the Department of African AmericanStudies,Yale University.Author of 7 books of poems such as The Venus Hottentot(1990),Amer-ican Sublime(2005),and Crave Radiance(2010) as well as 2 collections of essays The BlackInterior(2004) and Power and Possibility(2007),she was one of the three finalists for the 2006Pulitzer Prize and recipient of the National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship,Guggenheim Fel-lowship,Jackson Prize for Poetry,two Pushcart Prizes,and so on.In November 2010,ProfessorLuo Lianggong,editor of Foreign Literature Studies,Central China Normal University,interviewedProfessor Alexander at her Yale office.Beginning with her poem-reading at President Obama'sinauguration,this interview deals with her constant sense of history and her history writing bycombining familial history with the history of her race and nation.Based on this,this interviewfurther approaches the major themes of her poetry such as race,memory,and life and death,andher feminist—instead of womanist for her—perspective in her artistic practice,which,accordingto her,witnesses the influences of some feminist voices like Rita Dove and Gwendolyn Brooks.When talking about poetic artistry,she insists that she,as a formalist,views art as political andtries to imbue the artistic form in her personal and racial expression with political meanings.As tothe development of African American literature,she believes that Langston Hughes has exerted asignificant and lasting influence on many African American poets and writers,including herself,and that the Chicago Black Renaissance should draw much scholarly attention due to its achieve-ments.She also offers some comments upon her contemporary poets such as Natasha Trethewey,Kevin Young and Terrance Hayes.%伊丽莎白.亚历山大是美国耶鲁大学美国非裔研究系主任和教授,著有《霍屯督的维纳斯》、《美国高度》、《向往光辉》等 7 部诗集和

  9. ei_2hm_fill - interpolated swath bathymetry collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center surrounding the nearshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010 (ESRI grd)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  10. Interpolated swath bathymetry hillshaded image collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center surrounding the nearshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010 (ei_2hm_fillhs.tif, GeoTIFF)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  11. Uninterpolated swath bathymetry collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center surrounding the nearshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010 (ei_2hm_nofill, ESRI grd)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  12. Tracklines of swath bathymetry collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center offshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010 (2010-003-FA_Swath_tracklines.shp, ESRI polyline shapefile)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  13. Interpolated swath bathymetry contours collected by the U.S. Geological Survey - Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center surrounding the nearshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010 (ei_contours_1m_dd, ESRI polyline shapefile)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  14. PNG formatted images of EdgeTech SB-424 seismic-reflection profiles collected by the U.S. Geological Survey -Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center offshore of the Elizabeth Islands, MA, 2010.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — These data were collected under a cooperative agreement between the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS),...

  15. Luoyang Dual Spatial Criterion Ecological City Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Fazeng; Wang Shengnan

    2007-01-01

    The construction of an ecological city has two foundational platforms:the small platform,namely urban district or simply called as"city ecosystem";and the big platform,namely around city district in certain region scope or also referred to as"city-region ecosystem".The construction of an ecological city must be launched in the dual spatial criteria:in city(urban district)criterion-optimizing the city ecosystem;in city-region(city territory)criterion-optimizing the city-region ecosystem.Luoyang has the bright characteristic and the typical image within cities of China,and even in the world.The construction of anecological city in dual spatial criteria-the city and the city-region-has the vital significance to urbanization advancement and sustainable development in Luoyang.In city-region criterion,the primary mission of Luoyang's ecological city construction is to create a fine ecological environment platform in its city territory.In city criterion,the basic duty of Luoyang's ecologic city construction is to enhance the ecological capacity and benefit of the central city.

  16. Smart cities of the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batty, M.; Axhausen, K. W.; Giannotti, F.; Pozdnoukhov, A.; Bazzani, A.; Wachowicz, M.; Ouzounis, G.; Portugali, Y.

    2012-11-01

    Here we sketch the rudiments of what constitutes a smart city which we define as a city in which ICT is merged with traditional infrastructures, coordinated and integrated using new digital technologies. We first sketch our vision defining seven goals which concern: developing a new understanding of urban problems; effective and feasible ways to coordinate urban technologies; models and methods for using urban data across spatial and temporal scales; developing new technologies for communication and dissemination; developing new forms of urban governance and organisation; defining critical problems relating to cities, transport, and energy; and identifying risk, uncertainty, and hazards in the smart city. To this, we add six research challenges: to relate the infrastructure of smart cities to their operational functioning and planning through management, control and optimisation; to explore the notion of the city as a laboratory for innovation; to provide portfolios of urban simulation which inform future designs; to develop technologies that ensure equity, fairness and realise a better quality of city life; to develop technologies that ensure informed participation and create shared knowledge for democratic city governance; and to ensure greater and more effective mobility and access to opportunities for urban populations. We begin by defining the state of the art, explaining the science of smart cities. We define six scenarios based on new cities badging themselves as smart, older cities regenerating themselves as smart, the development of science parks, tech cities, and technopoles focused on high technologies, the development of urban services using contemporary ICT, the use of ICT to develop new urban intelligence functions, and the development of online and mobile forms of participation. Seven project areas are then proposed: Integrated Databases for the Smart City, Sensing, Networking and the Impact of New Social Media, Modelling Network Performance

  17. SHENZHEN:First City of Reform and Opening Up

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ More than twenty years ago,Shenzhen was just a small fishing village called Bao'an County.In 1979,it was renamed Shenzhen City.When the Special Economic Zone was built,the city was divided into six zones,four of which are located in the Special Economic Zone.In 1980,the first Special Economic Zone of China was built in Shenzhen.From then on,Shenzhen become a highlighted city of China,one known for its rapid economic growth.Currently,it has a population of approximately 14 million.In September 2009,the Global Financial Centers Index ranked Shenzhen as number five centre in the world after London,New York Hong Kong and Singapore.

  18. Economic viability of geriatric hip fracture centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clement, R Carter; Ahn, Jaimo; Mehta, Samir; Bernstein, Joseph

    2013-12-01

    Management of geriatric hip fractures in a protocol-driven center can improve outcomes and reduce costs. Nonetheless, this approach has not spread as broadly as the effectiveness data would imply. One possible explanation is that operating such a center is not perceived as financially worthwhile. To assess the economic viability of dedicated hip fracture centers, the authors built a financial model to estimate profit as a function of costs, reimbursement, and patient volume in 3 settings: an average US hip fracture program, a highly efficient center, and an academic hospital without a specific hip fracture program. Results were tested with sensitivity analysis. A local market analysis was conducted to assess the feasibility of supporting profitable hip fracture centers. The results demonstrate that hip fracture treatment only becomes profitable when the annual caseload exceeds approximately 72, assuming costs characteristic of a typical US hip fracture program. The threshold of profitability is 49 cases per year for high-efficiency hip fracture centers and 151 for the urban academic hospital under review. The largest determinant of profit is reimbursement, followed by costs and volume. In the authors’ home market, 168 hospitals offer hip fracture care, yet 85% fall below the 72-case threshold. Hip fracture centers can be highly profitable through low costs and, especially, high revenues. However, most hospitals likely lose money by offering hip fracture care due to inadequate volume. Thus, both large and small facilities would benefit financially from the consolidation of hip fracture care at dedicated hip fracture centers. Typical US cities have adequate volume to support several such centers.

  19. Slowing Entropy: Instructional Policy Design in New York City, 2011-12. Policy Brief #14-3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Supovitz, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    How do policymakers craft policies, particularly centered on the Common Core State Standards, to be more resilient and less likely to disintegrate during enactment? Researcher Jonathan Supovitz in "Slowing Entropy: Instructional Policy Design in New York City, 2011-12" examines the design of a New York City Department of Education policy…

  20. Houston Community College (HCC)-Mobile Go Center Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, Daniel; Sterling, Cheryl; Grays, Shantay R.

    2010-01-01

    The Houston Community College Mobile Go Center brings college enrollment assistance to the doorstep of our community. It operates in a variety of settings, offering college-going material and person-to-person assistance at numerous city events. Services include assistance with academic advising, completing the FAFSA, college application process,…