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Sample records for centaurea diffusa lam

  1. Phytotoxic compounds from roots of Centaurea diffusa Lam.

    OpenAIRE

    Quintana, Naira; El Kassis, Elie G; Stermitz, Frank R.; Vivanco, Jorge M.

    2009-01-01

    An extract of roots of Centaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) yielded caryophyllene oxide and linoleic acid which were shown to be phytotoxic. Also isolated were germacrene B, a previously-known phytotoxin as well as the inactive polyene aplotaxene. A combination of these compounds, if transferred to the soil, could be one factor in the invasive behavior of this weed. Contrary to a literature report, 8-hydroxyquinoline was not detected in root exudates of in vitro grown C. diffusa nor could it ...

  2. First Report of Crown Gall Caused by Agrobacterium sp. on Diffuse Knapweed (Centaurea diffusa)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A specimen of diffuse knapweed (Centaurea diffusa, DK) with crown gall-like symptoms was collected July 27, 2004, in Mosier, Wasco Co., OR (N 45.6842, W 121.4021), and sent to the USDA at Ft. Detrick, MD, for identification. A bacterium was isolated on Potato Dextrose Agar that caused hyperplasia a...

  3. To identify Hedyotis diffusa Willd. and Hedyotis carymbasa(L.) Lam. by Macro photography%白花蛇舌草与水线草饮片的微距图像鉴别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林海; 冯倩茹; 邓广海; 龚又明; 郑显辉

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To identify Hedyotis diffusa Willd. and Hedyotis carymbasa (L.) Lam. by Macro photography Method: Take the Macro photos of every place of Hedyotis diffusa Willd. and Hedyotis carymbasa (L.) Lam. by Macro photography. Results: Gather the photos from inflorescence, stem, leaf of Hedyotis diffusa Willd. and Hedyotis carymbasa(L.) Lam. . Conclusion:The Macro photography of inflorescence, leaf can be regard as the identification basis between Hedyotis diffusa Willd. and Hedyotis carymbasa(L.) Lam. .%目的:通过微距图像鉴别白花蛇舌草与水线草。方法:通过微距摄像采集白花蛇舌草与水线草各部位图像。结果:采集到白花蛇舌草与水线草的花序、茎、叶等微距图像。结论:白花蛇舌草和水线草的花序和叶的微距图像可作为其鉴别依据。

  4. Application of novel loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for rapid authentication of the herbal tea ingredient Hedyotis diffusa Willd.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ming; Wong, Yuk-Lau; Jiang, Li-Li; Wong, Ka-Lok; Wong, Yuen-Ting; Lau, Clara Bik-San; Shaw, Pang-Chui

    2013-12-01

    Hedyotis diffusa Willd. (Baihuasheshecao) is an ingredient of herbal teas commonly consumed in the Orient and tropical Asia for cancer treatment and health maintenance. In the market, this ingredient is frequently adulterated by the related species Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam. The objective of this study is to develop a novel loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique to differentiate H. diffusa from its adulterant H. corymbosa. A set of four internal control primers (F3, FIP, BIP and B3) were designed based on six loci in the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) for LAMP of both H. diffusa and H. corymbosa. Two specific primers (S_F3 and S_FIP) were designed for specific LAMP detection of H. diffusa only. Our data showed that LAMP was successful for both H. diffusa and H. corymbosa in internal control. In contrast, only H. diffusa was detected in specific LAMP using the specific primers S_F3 and S_FIP. This study showed that LAMP was useful to differentiate H. diffusa from its adulterant H. corymbosa. This study is significant for the verification of the authenticity for better quality control of this common herbal tea ingredient. The strategy of including an internal control assures the quality of the concerned DNA region for LAMP. PMID:23870990

  5. Chemical Constituents of Centaurea cuneifolia

    OpenAIRE

    Aslan, Ümit

    1999-01-01

    The whole plant material fo Centaurea cuneifolia Sm. afforded three sesquiterpene lactones; cnicin (1), dehydromelitensin (2) and dehydromelitensin-8-[(2'-a-hydroxy-b- hydroxyethyl)-acryloyl)] (3), the lignan; (-)-arctigenin (4), flavonoids; salvigenin (5), eupatilin (6), jaceosidin (7), acacetin (8), kaemferol (9), 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3-methylether (10), 5-hydroxy-3',',6,7-tetramethoxyflavone (11) and 5-hydroxy-3',4',7,8-tetramet hoxyflavone (12), a trite...

  6. AN AROMATIC COMPOUND from CENTAUREA PTOSIMOPAPPOIDES

    OpenAIRE

    A. ULUBELEN, S. ÖKSÜZ

    2015-01-01

    Centaurea ptosimopappoides was previously investigated by our groupand the presence of two new triterpenes were reported. The rare occurrence ofthis type compounds in the plants prompted us to further investigation of Centaureaptosimopappoides. In this work we report the isolation and structure determinationof an aromatic glycoside which was found in the genus Centaureafor the first time. The structure of the compound was determined by spectralmethods.Key words: Centaurea ptosimopappoides; Co...

  7. Lam's Conjecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M. Dickmann; F. Miraglia

    2003-01-01

    We introduce an algebraic K-theory for special groups, generalizing the mod 2 K-theory of fields due to Milnor, and apply it to give a positive answer to Lam's signature conjecture for quadratic forms over arbitrary formally real fields.

  8. Sesquiterpene lactones. XXXI. New guaianolides in Centaurea bella Trautv. and Centaurea adjarica Alb.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerard Nowak

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Nine new guaianolides. I of which are chlorinated, were isolated from the dried, above-ground parts of Centaurea bella Trautv. They are: cebellin A. B, C, D, E. F, G, H and 1. l he known guaianolides centaurepensin and repdiolide were also found. The occurrence of repin. acroptillin and janerin was confirmed. Cebellin F. G. I and repin. acroptillin and janerin were chromatographically shown to occur in Centaurea adjarica Alb.

  9. Determination of the relationship between some Centaurea species based on SDS-PAGE

    OpenAIRE

    Uysal, Tuna; Arslan, Emine; Tugay, Osman; ERTUĞRUL, Kuddisi

    2010-01-01

    The protein patterns of 47 Centaurea species from Turkey were obtained using SDS-PAGE methods. Relationships between Centaurea species and related genera were evaluated via use of a dendrogram. SDS-PAGE provided protein profiles for an important and applicable selection within Centaurea, particularly for the section Cheirolepis and its relatives. We determined that the technique could be used to resolve taxonomic and evolutionary problems in the genus Centaurea, as most of the Centaurea speci...

  10. Two new iridoid glucosides from Hedyotis diffusa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yongyong; Chen, Yan; Fan, Chunlin; Ye, Wencai; Luo, Jiabo

    2010-09-01

    Two new iridoid glucosides, named diffusosides A and B, were isolated from the aerial part of Hedyotis diffusa Willd. Their structures were elucidated by 1D-, 2D-NMR spectroscopic analysis and HRESIMS. These two compounds showed no cytotoxic activity against SMMC-7721, SW480, SW620, Bel7402, and HepG2 cells. PMID:20080156

  11. Cytotoxic Activities of Flavonoids from Centaurea scoparia

    OpenAIRE

    Sayed A. Ahmed; Kamel, Emadeldin M.

    2014-01-01

    Phytochemical studies on the ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of Centaurea scoparia led to the isolation of two new flavonoids, 3′,4′-dihydroxy-(3′′,4′′-dihydro-3′′-hydroxy-4′′-acetoxy)-2′′,2′′-dimethylpyrano-(5′′,6′′:7,8)-flavone-3-O- β -D-glucopyranoside (1) and 3,3′,4′-trihydroxy-(3′′,4′′-dihydro-3′′,4′′-dihydroxy)-2′′,2′′-dimethylpyrano-(5′′,6′′:7,8)-flavone (2), along with eight known flavonoids isolated for the first time from this plant, cynaroside (3), Apigetrin (4), centaureidin...

  12. Development of a simple chromatographic method for distinguishing between two easily confused species, Hedyotis diffusa and Hedyotis corymbosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Clara B S; Cheng, Ling; Cheng, Bobby W H; Yue, Grace G L; Wong, Eric C W; Lau, Ching-Po; Leung, Ping-Chung; Fung, Kwok-Pui

    2012-01-01

    Hedyotis diffusa Willd. and Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam. are closely related species of Rubiaceae family and they can be easily confused. Although previous reports have been found in which ultraviolet spectrum, convolution spectrometry or X-ray diffraction are reported to be used for distinguishing between the two species, these methods require specialised equipment. Hence, this study aims to develop a simple chromatographic method for the purpose. Our results illustrate the use of a thin-layer chromatographic (TLC) profile to differentiate between the two species, with a blue zone appearing at around an R(f) of 0.36 in H. corymbosa but not in H. diffusa. The compound corresponding to this blue zone was later found to be hedyotiscone A. LC-MS with multiple reaction monitoring was used as a tool to identify and quantify hedyotiscone A in the test samples. In conclusion, a quick and simple TLC assay was conducted to distinguish between the two species H. diffusa and H. corymbosa. PMID:21988612

  13. Centaurea tchihatcheffii Fischer & C.A. Meyer (Asteraceae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tan, Kit; Vural, Mecit

    2007-01-01

    Abstract   Centaurea tchihatcheffii is a steppic annual possessing some unique features absent in other Centaureas. The chromosome number is 2n = 20, differing from all other annual species of Centaurea sect. Cyanus. The type locality as published is erroneous and the correct provenance is provided....

  14. Chemical constituents of Centaurea omphalotricha Coss. & Durieu ex Batt. & Trab.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soumia Mouffok

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The investigation of the aerial parts of Centaurea omphalotricha Coss. & Durieu ex Batt. & Trab. allowed the isolation of nine secondary metabolites corresponding to five flavonoids: oroxylin A (1, chrysin (2, tenaxin II (3, 5,7,2’-trihydroxyflavone (4 and quercetin (5, and four triterpenoids: lupeol (6, taraxasterol (7, daucosterol (8 and β-sitosterol (9. Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods such as 1H and 13C NMR, COSY, HSQC, and HMBC experiments, and ESI-MS, and comparison with literature data. The flavonoids tenaxin II (3 and 5,7,2’-trihydroxyflavone (4 are new for the genus Centaurea L.

  15. Cytotoxic Activities of Flavonoids from Centaurea scoparia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayed A. Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Phytochemical studies on the ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of Centaurea scoparia led to the isolation of two new flavonoids, 3′,4′-dihydroxy-(3′′,4′′-dihydro-3′′-hydroxy-4′′-acetoxy-2′′,2′′-dimethylpyrano-(5′′,6′′:7,8-flavone-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1 and 3,3′,4′-trihydroxy-(3′′,4′′-dihydro-3′′,4′′-dihydroxy-2′′,2′′-dimethylpyrano-(5′′,6′′:7,8-flavone (2, along with eight known flavonoids isolated for the first time from this plant, cynaroside (3, Apigetrin (4, centaureidin (5, oroxylin A (6, 5,7-dihydroxy-3′,4′,5′-trimethoxyflavone (7, atalantoflavone (8, 5-hydroxy-3′,4′,8-trimethoxy-2′′,2′′-dimethylpyrano (5′′,6′′:6,7-flavone (9, and 3′,4′,5,8-tetramethoxy-2′′,2′′-dimethylpyrano (5′′,6′′:6,7-flavone (10. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated by means of spectroscopic tools including 1D and 2D NMR, UV, IR, and mass spectroscopy. Cytotoxic activities of the isolated compounds were evaluated against human cervical carcinoma HeLa, human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2, and human breast carcinoma MCF-7. Compound 2 was the most potent cytotoxic agent against HeLa cells with an IC50 0.079 μM.

  16. Chemical and preclinical studies on Hedyotis diffusa with anticancer potential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niu, Yu; Meng, Qiu-Xia

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the chemical and preclinical anticancer research on Hedyotis diffusa Willd. in detail, one of the most renowned herbs often prescribed in the polyherbal formulas for cancer treatment in traditional Chinese medicine. Anthraquinones, flavonoids, and terpenoids constitute the majority of the 69 compounds that have been isolated and identified from H. diffusa. The anticancer effects of the methanolic, ethanolic, and aqueous extracts in various preclinical cancer models have been described. This review also summarized the anticancer activity of constituents of the herb and the mechanisms of action. All the studies suggest that H. diffusa has enormous potential in the therapy of cancer and warrants further chemical and pharmacological investigation. PMID:23600735

  17. Chemical constituents of Centaurea omphalotricha Coss. & Durieu ex Batt. & Trab.

    OpenAIRE

    Soumia Mouffok; Hamada Haba; Catherine Lavaud; Christophe Long; Mohammed Benkhaled

    2012-01-01

    The investigation of the aerial parts of Centaurea omphalotricha Coss. & Durieu ex Batt. & Trab. allowed the isolation of nine secondary metabolites corresponding to five flavonoids: oroxylin A (1), chrysin (2), tenaxin II (3), 5,7,2’-trihydroxyflavone (4) and quercetin (5), and four triterpenoids: lupeol (6), taraxasterol (7), daucosterol (8) and β-sitosterol (9). Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods such as 1H and 13C NMR, COSY, HSQC, and HMBC experiments, and ESI-MS, ...

  18. Brine shrimp lethality bioassay of selected Centaurea L. species (Asteraceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Janaćković P.; Tešević V.; Marin P.D.; Milosavljević S.; Duletić-Laušević Sonja; Janaćković Slavica; Veljić M.

    2008-01-01

    Ether extracts of 15 Centaurea L. species (Asteraceae) methanol extracts of 12species, and cnicin isolated from C. derventana were tested for general bioactivity using the brine shrimp lethality test. Cnicin showed the most potent activity with LC50 0.2. Also, ether extract of C. splendens showed significant activity with LC50 7.3, as did methanol extract of C. arenaria with LC50 12.4.

  19. Bioactivity-guided isolation of antiproliferative compounds from Centaurea arenaria

    OpenAIRE

    Csapi, Bence; Hajdú, Zsuzsanna; Zupko, Istvan; Berényi, Ágnes; Forgo, Peter; Szabó, Pál Tam'S; Hohmann, Judit

    2010-01-01

    Abstract The antiproliferative effects of n-hexane, chloroform and aqueous methanol extracts prepared from the whole plant of Centaurea arenaria M.B. ex Willd. were investigated against cervix adenocarcinoma (HeLa), breast adenocarcinoma (MCF7) and skin epidermoid carcinoma (A431) cells, using the MTT assay. The chloroform extract displayed high tumour cell proliferation inhibitory activity (higher than 85% at 10 ?g/ml concentration), and was therefore subjected to a bioassay-guide...

  20. Fatty acid composition of six Centaurea species growing in Konya, Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tekeli, Yener; Sezgin, Mehmet; Aktumsek, Abdurrahman; Ozmen Guler, Gokalp; Aydin Sanda, Murad

    2010-12-01

    In this study, fatty acid compositions of six Centaurea species growing in the Konya region were determined. The fatty acid composition of Centaurea balsamita, Centaurea calolepis, Centaurea carduiformis subsp. carduiformis, Centaurea cariensis subsp. maculiceps, C. cariensis subsp. microlepis and Centaurea iberica were analysed. Four species of these six Centaurea are endemic to Turkey. The endemic Centaurea species are C. calolepis, C. carduiformis subsp. carduiformis, C. cariensis subsp. maculiceps and C. cariensis subsp. microlepis. Generally, C 18:2 ω6 linoleic acid, C 16:0 palmitic acid, C 18:3 ω3 linolenic acid and C 18:1 oleic acid were found to be the major fatty acids in all species. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) were found in higher amounts than saturated fatty acids and monounsaturated fatty acids in all species. PUFAs were determined at 55.10%, 50.25%, 51.41%, 41.02%, 46.18% and 58.80% in C. balsamita, C. calolepis, C. carduiformis subsp. carduiformis, C. cariensis subsp. maculiceps, C. cariensis subsp. microlepis and C. iberica, respectively. PMID:21108113

  1. Chemical Profiles and Protective Effect of Hedyotis diffusa Willd in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Renal Inflammation Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Jian-Hong Ye; Meng-Hua Liu; Xu-Lin Zhang; Jing-Yu He

    2015-01-01

    Protective effect of Hedyotis diffusa (H. diffusa) Willd against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced renal inflammation was evaluated by the productions of cytokines and chemokine, and the bioactive constituents of H. diffusa were detected by the ultra-fast liquid chromatography -diode array detector-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UFLC-DAD-Q-TOF-MS/MS) method. As the results showed, water extract of H. diffusa (equal to 5.0 g/kg body weight) obviously protected renal tissues, signi...

  2. Fingerprint of Hedyotis diffusa Willd. by HPLC-MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ting; Yang, Yi-Hua; Yang, Ju-Yun; Chen, Ben-Mei; Duan, Ju-Ping; Yu, Shu-Yi; Ouyang, Hong-Tao; Cheng, Jun-Ping; Chen, Yu-Xiang

    2008-01-01

    A HPLC-MS fingerprint method has been developed based on the consistent chromatographic features of the major chemical constituents among 10 batches of Hedyotis diffusa Willd. Chromatographic separation was conducted on a Hypersil-Keystone Hypurity C(18) column using methanol:water:acetic acid as the mobile phase. Major compounds, including oleanolic acid, ursolic acid and ferulic acid, were analysed by HPLC-MS. Their analysis was ascertained by comparison with data derived from the standard compounds. The HPLC-MS fingerprint was successfully applied to analyse and differentiate samples from different geographical origins, or processing methods. H. diffusa was well distinguished from Hedyotis chrysotricha by HPLC-MS. Therefore the establishment of fingerprint of H. diffusa is critical in assessing and controlling its overall quality. PMID:18446772

  3. Sesquiterpene lactones. XXXIII. Guaianolides in the subgenus Psephellus (Cass. Schmalh., genus Centaurea L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerard Nowak

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Sesquiterpene lactones were found to occur in all of the studied species of the subgenus Psephellus (Cass. Schmalh. Differing compositions were found in the representatives of three sections. In Centaurea declinata MB. from the section Leucophylle (Sosn. Sosn.. 15-deoxyrepin, linichlorin B and cynaropicrin were found. Linichlorin B dominated in Centaurea hypoleucu DC. from section Hypoleucae (Sosn. Sosn., while in the species classified in section Psephellus Sosn., repin, acroptilin, jenerin, centaurepensin and, in some, also cynaropicrin. dominated.

  4. Bioactividad de los extractos y aislamiento de los lignanos de las semillas de Centaurea dealbata

    OpenAIRE

    Shoeb, M.; Jaspars, M.; Macmanus, S.M.; Thoo-Lin, P.K.; Celik, S; Sarker, S. D.

    2006-01-01

    La Centaurea dealbata Willd. (familia: Asteraceae) pertenece al g??nero Centaurea, que comprende unas 500 especies. Para evaluar la actividad antioxidante y la toxicidad general de los extractos de n-hexano, diclorometano (DCM) y metanol (MeOH) de las semillas de C. dealbata se han utilizado, respectivamente, el ensayo DPPH y el ensayo de letalidad de gambas en salmuera. Tanto el extracto de DCM como el de MeOH presentaron niveles signifi cativos de actividad antioxidante, con val...

  5. Clarification of the phenotypic characteristics and anti-tumor activity of Hedyotis diffusa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hong-Zin; Bau, Da-Tian; Kuo, Chao-Lin; Tsai, Ru-Yin; Chen, Yu-Chang; Chang, Yu-Hao

    2011-01-01

    Hedyotis diffusa Willd. (Rubiaceae) is an important folk herb used to prevent and cure hepatitis and liver cancer in Taiwan. For differentiation of H. diffusa from counterfeits, macroscopic and microscopic characters of H. diffusa, H. corymbosa and H. tenelliflora were examined in this study. According to Trypan blue exclusion assay and Western blot analysis, H. diffusa had a significant inhibition of cell growth and induction of cell apoptosis in COLO 205 (colon cancer), Hep 3B (hepatocellular carcinoma) and H460 (lung cancer) cell lines. This study also used high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to determine the quality control of H. diffusa. The HPLC data showed that ursolic and oleanolic acid are the components of the H. diffusa, consisting of approximately 4.66-4.80% and 1.86-1.96%, respectively. Our study also demonstrated that ursolic acid has significant anti-tumor activity in COLO 205, Hep 3B and H460 cancer cells. PMID:21213409

  6. Commelina diffusa Population Dynamics in Banana and Ruderal Habitats under Mechanical and Herbicide Management Regimes

    OpenAIRE

    Wendy-Ann P. Isaac; Richard A. I. Brathwaite; Ayub Khan

    2012-01-01

    Commelina diffusa is a colonising species of banana orchard habitats in St. Vincent in the Windward Islands of the Caribbean. In the present study, the population dynamics of C. diffusa were investigated in response to mechanical weed management with either a rotary string trimmer or glufosinate in ruderal and banana habitats. The study focused on density and size distribution of the weed over time and their response to two weed management strategies. The population dynamics of C. diffusa dif...

  7. Effect of whole plant of Rostellularia diffusa Willd. on experimental stress in mice

    OpenAIRE

    Mandipati Nagasirisha; T S Mohamed Saleem

    2014-01-01

    Background: Rostellularia diffusa is an unexplored medicinal plant used as brain tonic in traditional medicine system. Objective: This study was designed to investigate the antioxidant and anti-stress potential of R. diffusa by experimental animal models. Materials and Methods: The extracts of R. diffusa were subjected to preliminary phytochemical screening and high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) finger printing analysis. The antioxidant potential of the extracts was found by d...

  8. The Hedyotis diffusa Willd. (Rubiaceae): A Review on Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Quality Control and Pharmacokinetics

    OpenAIRE

    Rui Chen; Jingyu He; Xueli Tong; Lan Tang; Menghua Liu

    2016-01-01

    Hedyotis diffusa Willd (H. diffusa) is a well-known Chinese medicine with a variety of activities, especially its anti-cancer effect in the clinic. Up to now, 171 compounds have been reported from H. diffusa, including 32 iridoids, 26 flavonoids, 24 anthraquinones, 26 phenolics and their derivatives, 50 volatile oils and 13 miscellaneous compounds. In vitro and in vivo studies show these phytochemicals and plant extracts to exhibit a range of pharmacological activities of anti-cancer, antioxi...

  9. Cytotoxic sesquiterpene lactones and other constituents of Centaurea omphalotricha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kolli, El Hadj; Leon, Francisco; Benayache, Samir, E-mail: jfleon@ipna.csic.es, E-mail: sbenayache@yahoo.com [Laboratoire de Valorisation des Ressources Naturelles et Synthese de Substances Bioactives, Equipe Associee a l' A.N.D.R.S., Universite Mentouri, Constantine (Algeria); Benayache, Fadila [Laboratoire de Phytochimie et Analyses Physico-Chimiques et Biologiques, Universite Mentouri, Constantine (Algeria); Estevez, Sara; Quintana, Jose; Estevez, Francisco [Departamento de Bioquimica, Unidad Asociada al CSIC, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain); Instituto Canario de Investigacion del Cancer, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Gran Canaria (Spain); Brouard, Ignacio; Bermejo, Jaime [Instituto de Productos Naturales y Agrobiologia, CSIC, La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

    2012-05-15

    Phytochemical research of the aerial parts of Centaurea omphalotricha led to the isolation of three new sesquiterpene lactones, 4'-acetyl cynaropicrin, 4'-acetyl cebellin F and 15-acetyl dehydromelitensin, together with twelve known compounds, seven sesquiterpene lactones, two isoprenoids and three flavonoids. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by means of extensive 1D and 2D NMR, and MS, and by comparison with reported data in the literature. The effect of sesquiterpene lactones on the viability of the human tumor cell lines HL-60 and U937 was also investigated and 3-acetyl cynaropicrin, and 4'-acetyl cynaropicrin were found to be the most cytotoxic compounds against human leukemia cells with an IC{sub 50} values of 2.0 =- 0.9 and 5.1 +- 0.4 {mu}mol L{sup -1}, respectively. (author)

  10. Revisión taxonómica del complejo Centaurea alba L. (Asteraceae) en la Península Ibérica

    OpenAIRE

    Devesa, J. A.; López, E

    2011-01-01

    Taxonomic revision of the Centaurea alba L. complex (Asteraceae) in the Iberian Peninsula.- A taxonomic revision of the Centaurea alba L. complex (Centaurea L. sect. Centaurea) in the Iberian Peninsula is presented, which is represented by two species, C. alba and C. costae Willk. Three subspecies of C. alba with reasonably well-defined areas are recognized: C. alba subsp. alba, with three varieties –alba, macrocephala Pau and latronum (Pau) E. López & Devesa-, C. alba subsp. aristifera (Pau...

  11. Effect of Three Centaurea Species Collected from Central Anatolia Region of Turkey on Human Melanoma Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Alessandra; Cardile, Venera; Graziano, Adriana C E; Rigano, Daniela; Aktumsek, Abdurrahman; Zengin, Gokhan; Senatore, Felice

    2016-03-01

    Centaurea is the largest genus within the Asteraceae family. Many members of this genus are used in traditional folk medicine, such as Centaurea pulchella used to treat skin problems such as to resolve the abscess. Although biological activities of many Centaurea species have been investigated in different countries and Turkey, cytotoxic effect of C. patula, C. pulchella and C. tchihatcheffii has not been studied yet. Melanoma is one of the most invasive and deadly forms of skin cancer. Therefore, in an ongoing effort to identify new natural anticancer products for the treatment and/or prevention of melanoma cancer, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of these Centaurea species, collected from Central Anatolia region of Turkey on cell growth and death in human melanoma cell line, A375.The results revealed that all extracts were able to inhibit, after 48 h of treatment, the growth of cancer cells, that could be related to an overall action of the phenolic compounds present. In fact, C. pulchella, with the highest level of phenolics, showed a major activity followed by C. patula and C. tchihatcheffii. Our data also demonstrate that these natural products induce apoptotic cell death. In conclusion, the study of plant extracts for their cytotoxic and apoptotic properties has shown that medicinal herbs from Centaurea species might have also importance in the prevention and treatment of melanoma. PMID:27169173

  12. Chemical Profiles and Protective Effect of Hedyotis diffusa Willd in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Renal Inflammation Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Jian-Hong; Liu, Meng-Hua; Zhang, Xu-Lin; He, Jing-Yu

    2015-01-01

    Protective effect of Hedyotis diffusa (H. diffusa) Willd against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced renal inflammation was evaluated by the productions of cytokines and chemokine, and the bioactive constituents of H. diffusa were detected by the ultra-fast liquid chromatography-diode array detector-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UFLC-DAD-Q-TOF-MS/MS) method. As the results showed, water extract of H. diffusa (equal to 5.0 g/kg body weight) obviously protected renal tissues, significantly suppressed the productions of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, as well as significantly promoted the production of IL-10 in serum and renal tissues. According the chemical profiles of H. diffusa, flavonoids, iridoid glycosides and anthraquinones were greatly detected in serum from H. diffusa extract treatment mice. Two main chemotypes, including eight flavonoids and four iridoid glycosides were found in renal tissues from H. diffusa extract treatment mice. The results demonstrated that water extract of H. diffusa had protective effect on renal inflammation, which possibly resulted from the bioactive constituents consisting of flavonoids, iridoids and anthraquinones. PMID:26580602

  13. Chemical Profiles and Protective Effect of Hedyotis diffusa Willd in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Renal Inflammation Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian-Hong Ye

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Protective effect of Hedyotis diffusa (H. diffusa Willd against lipopolysaccharide (LPS-induced renal inflammation was evaluated by the productions of cytokines and chemokine, and the bioactive constituents of H. diffusa were detected by the ultra-fast liquid chromatography -diode array detector-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UFLC-DAD-Q-TOF-MS/MS method. As the results showed, water extract of H. diffusa (equal to 5.0 g/kg body weight obviously protected renal tissues, significantly suppressed the productions of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α, interleukin (IL-1β, IL-6, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1, as well as significantly promoted the production of IL-10 in serum and renal tissues. According the chemical profiles of H. diffusa, flavonoids, iridoid glycosides and anthraquinones were greatly detected in serum from H. diffusa extract treatment mice. Two main chemotypes, including eight flavonoids and four iridoid glycosides were found in renal tissues from H. diffusa extract treatment mice. The results demonstrated that water extract of H. diffusa had protective effect on renal inflammation, which possibly resulted from the bioactive constituents consisting of flavonoids, iridoids and anthraquinones.

  14. DIGITAL MAPPING AND MONITORING OF CENTAUREA RUTHENICA SPECIES AT THE BONTIDA-JUCU SITE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca DIODIU

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is a short review about digital mapping and monitoring of a plant species. The plant species chosen for this purpose was Centaurea ruthenica, a very rare forest steppe species in both Romanian and Europe’s flora, being considered a postglacial relict. The monitoring and the data collected for digital mapping was realized at the Bontida-Jucu site of Centaurea ruthenica. The data obtained after monitoring the species for several years were compared with the already existing data in the literature.

  15. Nectar plant preferences of Hemaris (Sphingidae on co-occurring native Cirsium and non-native Centaurea (Asteraceae inflorescences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena S. Tartaglia

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Preferences for certain nectar plants by moth pollinators have not been extensively studied, particularly seasonal switches in nectar diet. The genus Hemaris, found throughout North America and parts of other continents, is a useful new system to address questions of flower-insect interactions as the moths are relatively common and day-flying. In this study we address the following questions with a group of three Hemaris species. (1 Does Hemaris display a preference for foraging on the native swamp thistle, Cirsium discolor, over the non-native invasive knapweeds, Centaurea spp.? (2 What factors might be driving Hemaris’ preferences? The bloom periods of C. discolor and Centaurea overlap in the northeastern United States, with Centaurea blooming from approximately June through September and C. discolor blooming for approximately the first three weeks of August. Hemaris typically ecloses in the first week of July and fed on Centaurea until C. discolor bloomed. We tracked and recorded Hemaris visits to both plant species. During the co-blooming period of C. discolor and Centaurea, Hemaris visits significantly more C. discolor inflorescences, demonstrating a possible preference for the native species. Hemaris reverts to nectaring at the non-native Centaurea after native C. discolor’s bloom period ends. The nectar of C. discolor has a significantly higher sugar concentration than does the nectar of Centaurea; this difference may account for part of the moths’ preference for C. discolor.

  16. Poliploïdia, filogènia i biogeografia en "Centaurea" L. Secció "Acrocentron" ("Cass".) DC

    OpenAIRE

    Font Garcia, Mònica

    2008-01-01

    [cat] El grup Acrocentron s'ha anat classificant i estructurant de diferents maneres al llarg dels anys, però segons l'última definició del grup estaria format per Centaurea sect. Acrocentron, a més de dues seccions molt petites, Centaurea sect. Chamaecyanus i Centaurea sect. Stephanochilus. Aquest grup es caracteritza cariològicament per ser un grup amb un elevat número d'espècies poliploides.En aquest treball hem intentat establir l'origen de dues sèries poliploides dins d' Acrocentron , ex...

  17. Centaurea wagenitziana (Asteraceae: Centaureinae), a new species from the Eastern Balkans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tan, Kit; Bancheva, Svetlana; Vural, Mecit; Strid, Arne

    2009-01-01

    Centaurea wagenitziana Bancheva & Kit Tan from SE Bulgaria and NW Turkey is described as a species new to Bancheva & Kit Tan from SE Bulgaria and NW Turkey is described as a species new to science. Its chromosome number of 2n = 30 is a first report. It closely resembles C. amplifolia with which i...

  18. A new species of Centaurea (Asteraceae) from the island of Samothraki (NE Greece)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strid, Arne; Tan, Kit

    2009-01-01

    Centaurea samothracica (subgen. Acrolophus) is described and illustrated. It is known from a single locality on (subgen. ) is described and illustrated. It is known from a single locality on the North Aegean island of Samothraki, and appears most closely related to C. chalcidicaea from Mt Athos....

  19. Genetic guidelines for the conservation of the endangered polyploid Centaurea borjae (Asteraceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Lua; Barreiro, Rodolfo

    2013-01-01

    Appropriate management of species of conservation concern requires designing strategies that should include genetic information as small population size and restricted geographic range can reduce genetic variation. We used AFLPs to investigate genetic variation within and among populations of the endangered narrow endemic Centaurea borjae, and found no evidence for genetic impoverishment despite its 80 m to maximize genetic variation. PMID:22678690

  20. Assessment of the antioxidant potential and fatty acid composition of four Centaurea L. taxa from Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aktumsek, Abdurrahman; Zengin, Gokhan; Guler, Gokalp Ozmen; Cakmak, Yavuz Selim; Duran, Ahmet

    2013-11-01

    This paper focused on the assessment of antioxidant property and fatty acid composition of four Centaurea species. The antioxidant activity of its methanol extract was evaluated by several in vitro experiments including phosphomolybedum assay, DPPH assay, β-carotene/linoleic acid, ferric and cupric reducing power. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents were also evaluated. The methanol extract of Centaurea pulcherrima var. pulcherrima showed the superior free radical scavenging activity, linoleic acid inhibition capacity, reducing power and also had the highest total phenolic content. A significant relationship between antioxidant capacity and total phenolic components was found. The oils of Centaurea taxa were also analysed for fatty acid concentration by gas chromatography. The principal fatty acids in the species were palmitic acid (23.38-30.49%) and linoleic acid (20.19-29.93%). These findings suggest that the Centaurea species could be used as a potential source of new natural antioxidants and unsaturated fatty acids in food industry, cosmetics and pharmaceutical preparations. PMID:23768332

  1. Bioactivity of the extracts and isolation of lignans and a sesquiterpene from the aerial parts of Centaurea pamphylica (Asteraceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Shoeb M.; Macmanus S.M.; Kong-Thoo-Lin P.; Celik S.; Jaspars M.; Nahar L.; Sarker S.D

    2007-01-01

    Centaurea pamphylica Boiss. & Heldr. (Family: Asteraceae), commonly known as ‘pamphylia daisy', is a Turkish endemic species of the genus Centaurea that comprises ca. 500 species, many of which have been used as traditional medicines.  The n-hexane, dichloromethane (DCM) and methanol (MeOH) extracts of the aerial parts of C. pamphylica were assessed for antioxidant activity and general toxicity using, respectively, the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and ...

  2. Apoptosis of multiple myeloid cells induced by polysaccharides extracts from Hedyotis diffusa and its mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林圣云

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis effects of polysaccharides extracts from Hedyotis diffusa(PEHD)on multiple myeloma(MM) cell line RPMI 8226 cells in vitro,so as to provide experimental

  3. Hedyotis diffusa water extract diminished the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapy drugs against human breast cancer MCF7 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Qiulin; Ling, Binbing; Gao, Bosong; Maley, Jason; Sammynaiken, Ramaswami; Yang, Jian

    2014-05-01

    Hedyotis diffusa is a Chinese herbal medicine widely used in combination with other herbal medicines such as Scutellaria barbata to treat various types of cancer. Late-stage and recurrent cancer patients usually use H. diffusa during chemotherapy in expecting to achieve additive or synergistic therapeutic effects. Several classes of active ingredients, including anthraquinones, iridoid glucosides and stigmasterols. have been isolated and characterized from H. diffusa. In the current study, we isolated alkaloid/flavonoid from H diffusa and showed that the crude alkaloid/flavonoid extract rather than its three major components possessed antitumor activity against human breast cancer cell line MCF7. Co-administration of H. diffusa water extract diminished the cytotoxicities of chemotherapy drugs doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide and docetaxel towards the MCF7 cells, implicating that H. diffusa should not be used during breast cancer chemotherapy. PMID:25026725

  4. Novel cyclotides from Hedyotis diffusa induce apoptosis and inhibit proliferation and migration of prostate cancer cells

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Enping; Wang, Dongguo; Chen, Jiayu; Tao, Xiulin

    2015-01-01

    Background: Hedyotis diffusa is a well-known herb in traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) which is used to treat various cancers including prostate cancer. Recently, lots of cyclotides possessing anti-cancer activities were found in Hedyotis family plants, suggesting that H.diffusa may also contain these bioactive ingredients. Cyclotides are heat-stable macrocyclic peptides from plants that display a wide range of biological activities. Currently, over 250 cyclotides have been discovered. Objec...

  5. Mutagenic, Anti-Mutagenic and Cytotoxic Activities of Artediffusin (Tehranolide), in vitro, extracted from Artemisia diffusa

    OpenAIRE

    Mahboubeh Taherkhani

    2015-01-01

    Background: Artediffusin is a sesquiterpene lactone with an endoperoxide group which has been isolated from Artemisia diffusa. Artemisia has always been of great botanical and pharmaceutical interest and is useful in traditional medicines for the treatment of a variety of diseases and complaints. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the cytotoxic, mutagenic and anti-mutagenic activities of Artediffusin (Tehranolide) extracted from Artemisia diffusa. Methods: Cytotoxicity was meas...

  6. A study of the in vitro free radical-scavenging property of Hedyotis diffusa using nitric oxide assay

    OpenAIRE

    Napolean Kagoo; Chellathai Darling

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Hedyotis diffusa, known as Snake Needle Grass, is a herb used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of multiple ailments, especially cancer. It is found to possess anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory and anti-ageing properties.Aim: To study the free radical scavenging property of the ethanolic extract of Hedyotis diffusa using Nitric oxide assay.Materials and Methods: A dried sample of Hedyotis diffusa was extracted using 85% ethanol. Various concentrations of the ...

  7. The Hedyotis diffusa Willd. (Rubiaceae: A Review on Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Quality Control and Pharmacokinetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Chen

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Hedyotis diffusa Willd (H. diffusa is a well-known Chinese medicine with a variety of activities, especially its anti-cancer effect in the clinic. Up to now, 171 compounds have been reported from H. diffusa, including 32 iridoids, 26 flavonoids, 24 anthraquinones, 26 phenolics and their derivatives, 50 volatile oils and 13 miscellaneous compounds. In vitro and in vivo studies show these phytochemicals and plant extracts to exhibit a range of pharmacological activities of anti-cancer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-fibroblast, immunomodulatory and neuroprotective effects. Although a series of methods have been established for the quality control of H. diffusa, a feasible and reliable approach is still needed in consideration of its botanical origin, collecting time and bioactive effects. Meanwhile, more pharmacokinetics researches are needed to illustrate the characteristics of H. diffusa in vivo. The present review aims to provide up-to-date and comprehensive information on the phytochemistry, pharmacology, quality control and pharmacokinetic characteristics of H. diffusa for its clinical use and further development.

  8. The Hedyotis diffusa Willd. (Rubiaceae): A Review on Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Quality Control and Pharmacokinetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Rui; He, Jingyu; Tong, Xueli; Tang, Lan; Liu, Menghua

    2016-01-01

    Hedyotis diffusa Willd (H. diffusa) is a well-known Chinese medicine with a variety of activities, especially its anti-cancer effect in the clinic. Up to now, 171 compounds have been reported from H. diffusa, including 32 iridoids, 26 flavonoids, 24 anthraquinones, 26 phenolics and their derivatives, 50 volatile oils and 13 miscellaneous compounds. In vitro and in vivo studies show these phytochemicals and plant extracts to exhibit a range of pharmacological activities of anti-cancer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-fibroblast, immunomodulatory and neuroprotective effects. Although a series of methods have been established for the quality control of H. diffusa, a feasible and reliable approach is still needed in consideration of its botanical origin, collecting time and bioactive effects. Meanwhile, more pharmacokinetics researches are needed to illustrate the characteristics of H. diffusa in vivo. The present review aims to provide up-to-date and comprehensive information on the phytochemistry, pharmacology, quality control and pharmacokinetic characteristics of H. diffusa for its clinical use and further development. PMID:27248992

  9. Components from the Essential oil of Centaurea aeolica Guss. and C. diluta Aiton from Sicily, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariem Ben Jemia

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Volatile components from florets, leaves and stems and branches of Centaurea aeolica Guss. harvested in Lipari, Sicily, Italy, were analysed by gas phase chomatography (GC and gas chomatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS. The main constituents were β-eudesmol, caryophyllene oxide, ( E -12-norcaryophyll-5-en-2-one and hexahydrofarnesylacetone in flowers, hexahydrofarnesylacetone, 2-methyloctadecane and tricosane in the leaves and hexadecanoic acid , caryophyllene oxide and β-eudesmol in the stems and branches . The analysis of the essential oil of the aerial parts of Centaurea diluta Aiton gave mainly fatty acids and derivatives, the main ones being hexadecanoic acid and (Z,Z-9,12-octadecadienoic acid methyl ester.

  10. Constituents of the Egyptian Centaurea scoparia; Part II. Guaianolides of the Aerial Parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youssef, D; Frahm, A W

    1994-12-01

    Aerial parts of CENTAUREA SCOPARIA Sieb. afforded a new chlorinated guaianolide with an unusual isobutyl structural feature, diain ( 1), together with three known guaianolides, janerin ( 2), cynaropicrin ( 3), and deacylcynaropicrin ( 4). Structural assignments of the isolated compounds are based on spectroscopic methods including 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopy as well as mass spectroscopy. New and revised (1)H- and (13)C-NMR data are reported. PMID:17236083

  11. The case against (-)-catechin involvement in allelopathy of Centaurea stoebe (spotted knapweed)

    OpenAIRE

    Duke, Stephen O; Franck E. Dayan; Bajsa, Joanna; Meepagala, Kumudini M; Hufbauer, Ruth A; Blair, Amy C

    2009-01-01

    Proving allelopathic chemical interference is a daunting endeavor, in that production and movement of a phytotoxin from a donor plant to a receiving plant must be demonstrated in the substrate in which the plants grow, which is usually a complex soil matrix. The soil levels or soil flux levels of the compound generated by the donor must be proven to be sufficient to adversely affect the receiving plant. Reports of (-)-catechin to be the novel weapon used by Centaurea stoebe (spotted knapweed)...

  12. Potentiating Effect of Piperine on Hepatoprotective Activity of Boerhaavia diffusa to Combat Oxidative Stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.K. Desai

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The hydro alcoholic extract of roots of Boerhaavia diffusa (HEBD was evaluated for its hepatoprotective activity against CCl4 and Rifampicin - Isoniazid combination induced hepatotoxicity at two dose levels 150 and 300 mg kg-1 . HEBD exhibited a significant protective action on the liver evident by a reduction in the elevated levels of serum lysosomal enzymes namely Serum Glutamate Pyruvate Transaminase (SGPT, Serum Glutamate Oxaloacetate Transminase (SGOT, Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP in both CCl4 and Rifampicin-Isoniazid induced hepatotoxicity. Thus HEBD showed a dose dependent hepatoprotective activity. In addition, the hepatoprotective activity of Boerhaavia diffusa was evaluated for possible potentiation in the presence of piperine based on recent research which has reported the latter enhancing bioavailability of certain drugs and nutritional compounds. Piperine was checked for potentiation, if any, at two dose levels 10 and 20 mg, respectively. Piperine was found to produce a dose dependent potentiation of the hepatoprotective activity of Boerhaavia diffusa.

  13. EVALUATION OF ANXIOLYTIC ACTIVITY OF BOERHAAVIA DIFFUSA HYDRO-ALCOHOLIC EXTRACT OF LEAVES IN RATS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gadekar Dayanand H.

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The hydro-alcoholic extract of Boerhaavia diffusa of leaves was investigated for evaluation of exhibited anxiolytic activity in rats at a dose 100 and 200 mg/kg by p.o. route for Elevated Plus Maze test, Hole Board Test, Ketamine induced Sleep and Haloperidol Induced Catalepsy method.. Results of in-vivo activity lead to the conclusion that the hydro-alcoholic of Boerhaavia diffusa showed predominantly significant activity which is compared to the standard drug Diazepam (0.5mg/kg.

  14. IN-VITRO ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES OF BOERHAAVIA DIFFUSA LINN. ROOTS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. S. Shisode

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study was carried out to evaluate the antioxidant activity and phytochemical constituents of Boerhaavia diffusa Linn. (Nyctaginaceae dried roots. The root extracts were prepared with chloroform, ethanol and water and screened for in vitro antioxidant activities by using assay of DPPH radical scavenging, antiproteolytic activity, polyphenol oxidase inhibition, hydroperoxide inhibition and ferric reducing power. The activity was compared with standard antioxidant like quercetin, salicylic acid, L-cysteine and ascorbic acid. Among these three extracts, ethanol extract has shows better antioxidant activity as compared to remaining two. Phytochemical screening of Boerhaavia diffusa L. root powder revealed the presence of carbohydrates, saponins, proteins, flavonoids, steroids, fats and alkaloids.

  15. Sesquiterpene lactones. XXXVI. Sesquiterpene lactones in several subgenera of the genus Centaurea L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerard Nowak

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The occurrence of both known and new sesquiterpene lactones was determined in six species classified in different subgenera of Centaurea L. Chlorojanerin, cynaropicrin and janerin were isolated from C. phaeopappoides Bordz. and C. thracica (Janka Hayek. C. marschalliana Spreng. was found to contain acroptilin, chlorojanerin, cebellin D and janerin while C. adjarica Alb. had repin, acroptilin, chlorojanerin, centaurepensin, janerin, repidiolide, cebellin D, E, F and L A new, hitherto underscribed cebellin J quaianolide was found in C. bella Trautv. and another germacranolide, 3α, 15-dihydroxycostunolide was found in C. sphaerocephala subsp. lusitanica (Boiss. et Reuter Nyman.

  16. Essential Oil Composition of Centaurea kilaea Boiss. and C. cuneifolia Sm. from Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    POLATO?LU, Kaan; ?EN, Ali; Bulut, Gizem; B?T??, Leyla; GÖREN, Nezhun

    2014-01-01

    Essential oil composition of Centaurea kilaea flowers, stems and C. cuneifolia flowers were investigated by GC, GC/MS. Flowers and stems of C. kilaea afforded very low essential oil yield <0.01% (v/w). Nineteen and twenty compounds were identified in the flower and stem oils which represent 59.5% and 77.6% of the C. kilaea oil respectively. The main components of the C. kilaea flower oil were hexadecanoic acid 26.2%, tetradecanoic acid 18.1%, ?-Eudesmol 3.3% and decanoic acid 3.1%. The ste...

  17. Two New Isoflavones from Caragana Microphylla Lam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ Caragana Microphylla lam. is a traditional Chinese folk medicine for promoting blood circle, treating hypertension and also can be used for the treatment of rheumatoid diseases1,but little is known about its chemical constituents except for several flavones. We have carried out a detailed chemical investigation of its stems and roots and have isolated tow new isoflavones

  18. Two New Isoflavones from Caragana Microphylla Lam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG; ShangZhen

    2001-01-01

    Caragana Microphylla lam. is a traditional Chinese folk medicine for promoting blood circle, treating hypertension and also can be used for the treatment of rheumatoid diseases1,but little is known about its chemical constituents except for several flavones. We have carried out a detailed chemical investigation of its stems and roots and have isolated tow new isoflavones  ……

  19. Effect of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd extract on tumor angiogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Jiumao; Wei, Lihui; Xu, Wei; Hong, Zhenfeng; Liu, Xianxiang; Peng, Jun

    2011-01-01

    Inhibition of tumor angiogenesis has become an attractive target of anticancer chemotherapy. However, drug resistance and cytotoxicity against non-tumor associated endothelial cells limit the long-term use and the therapeutic effectiveness of angiogenesis inhibitors, thus increasing the necessity for the development of multi-target agents with minimal side effects. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formulas, which have relatively fewer side effects and have been used clinically to treat various types of diseases, including cancer, for thousands of years, are considered to be multi-component and multi-target agents exerting their therapeutic function in a more holistic way. Hedyotis Diffusa Willd (EEHDW) has long been used as an important component in several TCM formulas to treat various types of cancer. Although recently we reported that EEHDW promotes cancer cell apoptosis via activation of the mitochondrial-dependent pathway, the precise mechanism of its tumoricidalactivity still remains to be clarified. In the present study, we investigated the angiogenic effects of the ethanol extract of EEHDW. Cell cycle analysis was perfomed using flow cytometry. Cell viability was analyzed using MTT assay. We found that EEHDW inhibited angiogenesis in vivo in chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). In addition, we observed that EEHDW dose- and time-dependently inhibited the prolife-ration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) by blocking the cell cycle G1 to S progression. Moreover, EEHDW inhibited the migration and tube formation of HUVECs. Furthermore, EEHDW treatment down-regulated the mRNA and protein expression levels of VEGF-A in HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells and HUVECs. Our findings suggest that inhibiting tumor angiogenesis is one of the mechanisms by which EEHDW is involved in cancer therapy. PMID:21887465

  20. Cytotoxic activity of the methanolic extract of Turnera diffusa Willd on breast cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avelino-Flores, María Del Carmen; Cruz-López, María del Carmen; Jiménez-Montejo, Fabiola E; Reyes-Leyva, Julio

    2015-03-01

    Turnera diffusa Willd, commonly known as Damiana, is employed in traditional medicine as a stimulant, aphrodisiac, and diuretic. Its leaves and stems are used for flavoring and infusion. Damiana is considered to be safe for medicinal use by the FDA. Pharmacological studies have established the hypoglycemic, antiaromatase, prosexual, estrogenic, antibacterial, and antioxidant activity of T. diffusa. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible cytotoxic effect of extracts and organic fractions of this plant on five tumor cell lines (SiHa, C-33, Hep G2, MDA-MB-231, and T-47D) and normal human fibroblasts. The results show that the methanolic extract (TdM) displayed greater activity on MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells (with an IC50 of 30.67 μg/mL) than on the other cancer cell lines. Four organic fractions of this extract exhibited activity on this cancer cell line. In the most active fraction (F4), two active compounds were isolated, arbutin (1) and apigenin (2). This is the first report of a cytotoxic effect by T. diffusa on cancer cells. The IC50 values suggest that the methanolic extract of T. diffusa has potential as an anticancer therapy. PMID:25299247

  1. Inhibition of Human Cervical Cancer Cell Growth by Ethanolic Extract of Boerhaavia diffusa Linn. (Punarnava Root

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakhi Srivastava

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In Indian traditional medicine, Boerhaavia diffusa (punarnava roots have been widely used for the treatment of dyspepsia, jaundice, enlargement of spleen, abdominal pain and as an anti-stress agent. Pharmacological evaluation of the crude ethanolic extract of B. diffusa roots has been shown to possess antiproliferative and immunomodulatory properties. The extract of B. diffusa was studied for anti-proliferative effects on the growth of HeLa cells and for its effect on cell cycle. Bio-assays of extracts from B. diffusa root showed that a methanol : chloroform fraction (BDF 5 had an antiproliferative effect on HeLa cells. After 48 h of exposure, this fraction at a concentration of 200 μg mL−1 significantly reduced cell proliferation with visible morphological changes in HeLa cells. Cell cycle analysis suggests that antiproliferative effect of BDF 5 could be due to inhibition of DNA synthesis in S-phase of cell cycle in HeLa cells, whereas no significant change in cell cycle was detected in control cells. The fraction BDF 5 caused cell death via apoptosis as evident from DNA fragmentation and caspase-9 activation. Thus the extract has potential to be evaluated in detail to assess the molecular mechanism-mediated anticancer activities of this plant.

  2. Comparative anatomical and ecological investigations on some centaurea (asteracae) taxa from turkey and their taxonomic significance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The anatomical and ecological characteristics of 7 Centaurea L. s. l. taxa (C. urvillei DC. ssp. stepposa Wagenitz, C. pseudoreflexa Hayek, C. simplicicaulis Boiss. and Huet, C. pecho Albow, C. hypoleuca DC., C. cheiranthifolia Willd.var. purpurascens (DC.) Wagenitz, C. woronowii Bornm.), which three of them are endemic (C. pseudoreflexa, C. pecho, C. woronowii) to Turkey has been carried out. Cross sections of stem, leaf blade and midrib and peripheral sections of the leaves, and pH, total N, P, K and organic matter contents of soil samples have been investigated. Variance analysis and Tukey's Honest Significant Difference test were performed on ecological and anatomical data. Ecological characteristics obtained in this investigation were found mostly similar. On the other hand, anatomically important differences were determined in diversity of anticlinal cell walls, length and width of abaxial epidermis, number of bundles in the midrib and number of stomata per mm/sup 2/ both on the epidermis of the leaf, and the shape of transverse section of stem. According to Tukey's Honest Significant Difference test, especially length and width of abaxial epidermis, number of stomata both on the adaxial and abaxial epidermises have displayed three distinct groups. These results are in accordance with sectional delimitation in the Flora of Turkey and also support upgrading the sum of species of the genus Centaurea. (author)

  3. Effect of whole plant of Rostellularia diffusa Willd. on experimental stress in mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mandipati Nagasirisha

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Rostellularia diffusa is an unexplored medicinal plant used as brain tonic in traditional medicine system. Objective: This study was designed to investigate the antioxidant and anti-stress potential of R. diffusa by experimental animal models. Materials and Methods: The extracts of R. diffusa were subjected to preliminary phytochemical screening and high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC finger printing analysis. The antioxidant potential of the extracts was found by different in vitro models. The anti-stress activity was investigated by using acetic acid induced writhing test, swimming endurance test, and restraint stress in experimental mice. Serum parameters such as glucose, triglyceride and cholesterol, oxidative stress parameter thiobarbituric acid reactive substance, antioxidant parameters such as reduced glutathione, superoxide dismutase and catalase and organ weights were evaluated after restraint stress in mice. Diazepam was used as reference standard to compare the anti-stress activity of plant extract. Results: High performance thin layer chromatography finger printing analysis revealed the presence of flavone compounds in both extracts. The extracts also showed good antioxidant property in different in vitro antioxidant models. Administration of extracts of R. diffusa decreased the number of wriths and immobility time when compared with control group in acetic acid-induced writhing test and swimming endurance test respectively in experimental mice. They also suppressed the restraint stress-induced alterations in serum parameters, oxidative stress, and antioxidant parameters in brain and also restored the organ weights in normal level. Conclusion: From these results, it has been concluded that the potential anti-stress activity of R. diffusa is through its adaptogenic and antioxidant properties.

  4. Anticancer Effects of 1,3-Dihydroxy-2-Methylanthraquinone and the Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd against HepG2 Carcinoma Cells Mediated via Apoptosis

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Yun-lan; Zhang, Jiali; Min, Dong; Hongyan, Zhou; Lin, Niu; Li, Qing-Shan

    2016-01-01

    Hedyotis Diffusa Willd, used in Traditional Chinese Medicine, is a treatment for various diseases including cancer, owing to its mild effectiveness and low toxicity. The aim of this study was to identify the main anticancer components in Hedyotis Diffusa Willd, and explore mechanisms underlying their activity. Hedyotis Diffusa Willd was extracted and fractionated using ethyl acetate to obtain the H-Ethyl acetate fraction, which showed higher anticancer activity than the other fractions obtain...

  5. Immunomodulatory activity of Bauhinia Racemosa Lam

    OpenAIRE

    Shaikh, Sohrab A.; Ghaisas, Mahesh M.; Deshpande, Avinash D.

    2012-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate immunomodulatory activity of methanolic extract of stem bark of Bauhinia racemosa Lam swiss albino mice. Material and Methods: The specific humoral immunity was assessed by performing hemagglutinating antibody titer (H.A.Titer) and the non-specific immunity was assessed by performing carbon clearance test and neutrophil adhesion test. Results: The methanolic extract of stem bark of Bauhinia Racemosa (MEBR) was found effective in increasing the H.A.Titer. Primary and sec...

  6. Targeted Approaches Toward Understanding and Treating Pulmonary Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)

    OpenAIRE

    Hammes, Stephen R.; Krymskaya, Vera P.

    2012-01-01

    Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disease found almost exclusively in women that is characterized by neoplastic growth of atypical smooth muscle-like cells in the lung, destruction of lung parenchyma, and obstruction of lymphatics. These processes lead to the formation of lung cysts, rupture of which results in spontaneous pneumothorax. Progression of LAM often results in loss of pulmonary function and death. LAM affects predominantly women of childbearing age and is exacerba...

  7. Sesquiterpene lactones. XXIII. Isolation of sesquiterpene lactones from Centaurea L. species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Geppert

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Sesquiterpene lactones were isolated from 18 species or subspecies of the genus Centaurea L.: salonitenolide (I was found in C. crithmifolia Vis., C. friderici Vis., C, paniculata L., C. calcitrapa L., C. pontica Prodan et E. L' Nyarady, C. eriophora L., C. alba L. subsp. deusta (Ten. Nyman, C. alba L. subsp. caliacrae (Prodan Dostal and C. weldeniana Reichenb.; cnicin (II was found in: C. vallesiaca (DC. Jordan, C. calcitrapa L., C. aspera L. subsp. aspera, C. sphaerocephala L. subsp. lusitanica (Boiss. et Reuter Nyman, C. sulphurea Willd., C. eriophora L. and C. rocheliana (Heuffel Dostal; cynaropicrin (III was detected in C. debeauxii Gren. et Gordon subsp. thuillieri Dostal; acroptillin (V, repin (VI and janerin (VII in C. bella Trautv. Other unidentified sesquiterpene lactones were also found to be present in the examined plants.

  8. Methylanthraquinone from Hedyotis diffusa WILLD induces Ca(2+)-mediated apoptosis in human breast cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zheng; Liu, Ming; Liu, Miao; Li, Jianchun

    2010-02-01

    Methylanthraquinone from Hedyotis diffusa WILLD exhibited potent anticancer activity in many kinds of cancer cells. However, the exact mechanism and signaling pathway involved in methylanthraquinone-induced apoptosis have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, we explored the mechanisms of methylanthraquinone-mediated apoptosis in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. When MCF-7 cells were co-incubated with methylanthraquinone, the percentage of apoptotic cell and S phase of cell cycle was markedly increased. In addition, a rise in intracellular calcium levels, phosphorylation of JNK and activation of calpain were found in MCF-7 cells after exposure to methylanthraquinone. With the methylanthraquinone-mediated reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential, cytochrome c was released from mitochondria to cytosol. Moreover, methylanthraquinone strongly induced cleavage of caspase-4, caspase-9 and caspase-7 in MCF-7 cells. These results suggested that methylanthraquinone from Hedyotis diffusa WILLD induced MCF-7 cells apoptosis via Ca(2+)/calpain/caspase-4 pathway. PMID:19686834

  9. Evaluation of Diuretic activity of an Alcoholic extracts of Boerhaavia diffusa and Anisochilus carnosus in Rats

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    P Venkatesh

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study was undertaken to evaluate diuretic effect of alcoholic extracts of stem and leaves of Boerhaavia diffusa (AEBD and leaves of Anisochilus carnosus (AEAC in normal rats. The extracts were administered to experimental rats orally at doses of 150 & 300mg/kg of AEBD and 200 & 400mg/kg of AEAC. Furosemide was used as a standard drug at a dose of 20mg/kg in the present study. The diuretic effect was evaluated by measuring urine volume, sodium and potassium content in urine. Urine volume was significantly increased by the doses of AEBD and AEAC in comparison to control group. While the excretion of sodium also increased by the test drugs. The diuretic effect of the extracts was comparable to that of standard drug. Hence the present study provides a quantitative basis for explaining the folkloric use of Boerhaavia diffusa and Anisochilus carnosus as a diuretic agent.

  10. Hedyotis diffusa Willd extract inhibits HT-29 cell proliferation via cell cycle arrest

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Minghe; LIN, JIUMAO; Wei, Lihui; Xu, Wei; HONG, ZHENFENG; Cai, Qiaoyan; Peng, Jun; ZHU, DEZENG

    2012-01-01

    Hedyotis diffusa Willd (HDW) has long been used as an important component in several Chinese medicine formulae to clinically treat various types of cancer, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Previously, we reported that HDW inhibits CRC growth via the induction of cancer cell apoptosis and the inhibition of tumor angiogenesis. In the present study, to further elucidate the mechanism of HDW-mediated antitumor activity, we investigated the effect of HDW ethanol extract (EEHDW) on the proliferat...

  11. Growth Inhibition of Struvite Crystals in the Presence of Herbal Extract Boerhaavia diffusa Linn

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    C. K. Chauhan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The formation of a urinary stone, known as nephrolithiasis, urolithiasis, renal calculi or kidney stone is a serious, debilitating problem in all societies throughout the world. Struvite or Ammonium Magnesium Phosphate Hexahydrate (AMPH is one of the components of urinary stone (calculi. Struvite stones are commonly found in women. Struvites form in humans as a result of urinary tract infection with ureolithic urea splitting micro organisms. These stones can grow rapidly forming "staghorn-calculi", which is more painful urological disorder. Therefore, it is of prime importance to study the growth and inhibition of Struvite crystals. Approach: This in vitro study had been carried out in the presence of herbal extract of Boerhaavia diffusa Linn. by using single diffusion gel growth technique. Sodium metasilicate solution of specific gravity 1.05 and an aqueous solution of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate of 0.5 M concentration were mixed so that the pH value 7.0 could be set. After the gelation, equal amount of supernatant solution of 1.0 M magnesium acetate prepared with 0.5 and 1% concentrations of the herbal extract of B. diffusa Linn. were gently poured on the set gels in the respective test tubes in the aseptic medium. Results: The growth of crystals without and with herbal extracts was monitored at regular time intervals. As the concentration of B. diffusa Linn. increased, the inhibition of crystals also increased in the gel media as well as the dissolution of crystals at the gel-liquid interface increases. The de-fragmentation of some grown crystals was also noticed. Conclusion: The herbal extract of B. diffusa Linn. inhibited the growth of struvite crystals in vitro. This study incorporated multidisciplinary interests and may be used for formulating the strategy for prevention or dissolution of urinary stones.

  12. Ecological, morphological and allozymic differentiation between diploid and tetraploid knapweeds (Centaurea jacea) from a contact zone in the Belgian Ardennes

    OpenAIRE

    Hardy, O J; Vanderhoeven, Sonia; Loose, M.; Meerts, P.

    2000-01-01

    In the northeastern part of Belgium, the Centaurea jacea complex shows extensive morphological variation and is represented by a diploid (2n = 22) and a tetraploid (2n = 44) cytotype. Polysomic inheritance of allozyme markers in the tetraploids, suggesting autopolyploidy, is here demonstrated for the first time. In order to test whether the tno cytotypes occupy distinct habitats and possess different gene pools, patterns of allozymic and morphological variation were investigated in relation t...

  13. Influence of plant phenostage and ploidy level on oviposition and feeding of two specialist herbivores of spotted knapweed, Centaurea stoebe

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, Alexandra R.; Müller-Schärer, Heinz

    2011-01-01

    A caged field experiment was used to determine how Centaurea stoebe L. phenostage (rosette, single-stem, multiple-stem) and ploidy level (diploid = 2× and tetraploid = 4×) influence oviposition and feeding of two biological control agents, Agapeta zoegana (Lep.: Cochylidae) and Cyphocleonus achates (Col.: Curculionidae). Ploidy level did not influence oviposition patterns of A. zoegana but rosette and one-stem plants had significantly more eggs than multiple-stem (4×) plants. Differences in o...

  14. Eficiência de glyphosate no controle de Commelina benghalensis e Commelina diffusa Efficiency of glyphosate in the control of Commelina benghalensis and Commelina diffusa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.C. Santos

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available A planta daninha trapoeraba (Commelina spp. possui grande capacidade de sobreviver em ambientes diversificados, o que dificulta o seu controle. Em cafezais da Zona da Mata de Minas Gerais, onde o herbicida glyphosate é aplicado repetidamente, as espécies Commelina benghalensis e C. diffusa têm apresentado tolerância a este herbicida. Para confirmar esse fato e verificar o efeito de doses crescentes de glyphosate (720, 1.440, 2.160, 2.880 e 3.600 g i.a. ha-1 no controle dessas duas espécies de plantas daninhas, instalou-se um experimento no delineamento experimental de blocos casualizados, com seis repetições. As doses do herbicida foram aplicadas no período de florescimento de plantas de trapoeraba cultivadas em caixas de polietileno com dimensões de 10 cm de altura, 27,5 cm de largura e 39,5 cm de comprimento, em ambiente desprotegido. A eficácia dos tratamentos foi avaliada por meio da porcentagem de controle em relação à testemunha e da biomassa seca da parte aérea que sobreviveu aos tratamentos. C. benghalensis foi eficientemente controlada pelo glyphosate, mas C. diffusa apresentou tolerância. Para C. benghalensis o controle foi acima de 94% a partir da menor dose, 25 dias após tratamento (DAT e de 100% em todas as doses aos 63 DAT. Para C. diffusa, em geral, quanto maior a dose de glyphosate, menor a biomassa seca da parte aérea. Entretanto, mesmo nas três maiores doses, nas quais se observou, aos 46 DAT, até 98,3% de controle, constatou-se regeneração de plantas aos 88 DAT. Nas condições do experimento, o glyphosate proporcionou excelente controle de C. benghalensis a partir de 720 g i.a. ha-1, 25 DAT. Contudo, excelente controle de C. diffusa por mais de 60 dias só foi obtido a partir de 2.880 g i.a. ha-1 de glyphosate.The weed dayflower, Commelina spp., can survive in a great diversity of environments, what makes its control difficult. In coffee plantations of the Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais - Brazil, glyphosate

  15. Evaluating Antimicrobial Effects of Centaurea Plant’s Essential Oil on Pathogenic Bacteria: Staphylococcus Aureus, Staphylococcus Epidermidis, and Escherichia Coli Isolated from Clinical Specimens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haedeh Mobaiyen

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objectives :Nowadays, development of drug resistance against chemical antimicrobial drugs has attracted attention using medicinal plants in treatment of infections. The aim of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of two species of Centaurea plant’s essential oil on drug resistant clinical isolates of three pathogenic isolates. Materials & Methods :The studied plants were collected from Marand city in East Azerbaijan, Iran and were confirmed as Centaurea Depressa M.B. and Centaurea Cyanus L. by botanists of Iran Agriculture Organization. The essential oil of these plants (Stems and leaf were extracted via steam distillation method by Clevenger, and their antimicrobial effects were studied by well diffusion method in the abovementioned bacteria. The components of essential oil were identified by injection to gas chromatography linked to mass spectrometry (GC/M. Results :The results of this study prove that the essential oils from the abovementioned plants have bactericidal effects. The most antibacterial effect is observed in Escherichia coli strains. The results of GC/MS chromatography reveal that the essential oils of Centaurea Depressa M.B. and Centaurea Cyanus L. have 28 and 32 compounds, respectively. Conclusion: This study confirmed that the grasses could be used in medicinal plants group with antibacterial properties. However, their effects in vivo must be evaluated and the most effective component of them must be identified carefully so that they can be applied commonly as an alternative synthetic drug in treating infections.

  16. OptiLam: design of optimised rolling schedules

    OpenAIRE

    Peña, B.; Arribas, M.; Carrillo, A.R.; Barbero, J. I.; Calvo Muñoz, Jessica; Song, Yue

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays il is known that the Ihennomcchanical schedules applied during hot rolling of fIal products provide the steel with improvcd mechanical properties. In Ihis work an oplimisation tool, OptiLam (OptiLam v.l), bascd on él predictive software alld capabIe oC generating optimised rolling schedulcs to obtain Ihe dcsired mechanical properties in the fiual product is described. OptiLam includes somc well-knowll Illctallurgical modcls which predict microstmctural evolution duril1g h...

  17. [Selective enrichment of iridoid glucosides in Hedyotis diffusa Willd. by tandem solid phase extraction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Feng; Guo, Zhimou; Zhang, Feifang; Xue, Xingya; Liang, Xinmiao

    2009-07-01

    A method for selective enrichment of iridoid glucosides in Hedyotis diffusa Willd. by tandem solid phase extraction (SPE) was developed. Oligo(ethylene glycol) (OEG) is a novel type of separation material made in this laboratory. The differences of the surface chemical structures between OEG material and ODS material resulted in their different retention capabilities for iridoid glucosides. Based on the differences, an OEG-ODS solid phase extraction method was designed for selective enrichment of iridoid glucosides. The water extract (150.28 mg) of Hedyotis diffusa Willd. was precipitated by ethanol, and an aliquot (27.03 mg) of the product from the supernatant solution was loaded onto an OEG cartridge and rinsed by 5 mL water. Then, the rinsing solution was loaded onto an ODS cartridge. After it was washed by 5 mL water and eluted by 5 mL methanol, 4.01 mg final product was obtained from the methanol eluent. All the products were characterized by ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC), and 14 representative peaks of iridoid glucosides were found. The enrichment results were proved effective by directly comparing the chromatograms each step. To further characterize the enrichment efficiency, the changes of the peak area of iridoid glucosides were investigated. The results showed that the content of 14 iridoid glucosides in the final product reached 6.10 times its original proportion in water extraction product and their recovery was 50.1% on average. Therefore, the iridoid glucosides can be enriched by the tandem solid phase extraction method from water extracting-ethanol precipitating solution of Hedyotis diffusa Willd. with a good selectivity and an acceptable recovery. The proposed method has the advantages of high enrichment efficiency and simple operation. PMID:19938499

  18. Toxicity of natural insecticides on the larvae of wheat head armyworm, Dargida diffusa (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Gadi V P; Antwi, Frank B

    2016-03-01

    The wheat head armyworm, Dargida (previously Faronta) diffusa (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is widely distributed in North American grasslands and is most common on the Great Plains, where it is often a serious pest of corn and cereal crops. Six commercially available botanical or microbial insecticides used against D. diffusa were tested in the laboratory: Entrust(®) WP (spinosad 80%), Mycotrol(®) ESO (Beauveria bassiana GHA), Aza-Direct(®) (azadirachtin), Met52(®) EC (Metarhizium brunneum F52), Xpectro(®) OD (Beauveria bassiana GHA+pyrethrins), and Xpulse(®) OD (Beauveria bassiana GHA+azadirachtin). Concentrations of 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 fold the lowest labelled rates of formulated products were tested for all products, while for Entrust WP additional concentrations of 0.001 and 0.01 fold the label rates were also assessed. Survival rates were determined from larval mortality at 1-9 days post treatment application. We found that among the tested chemicals, Entrust(®) (spinosad) was the most effective, causing 83-100% mortality (0-17% survival rate) at day 3 across all concentrations. The others, in order of efficacy from most to least, were Xpectro(®) (B. bassiana GHA+pyrethrins), Xpulse(®)OD (B. bassiana GHA+azadirachtin), Aza-Direct(®) (azadirachtin), Met52(®) EC (M. brunneum F52), and Mycotrol(®) ESO (B. bassiana GHA). These products and entomopathogenic fungi caused 70-100% mortality (0-30% survivability) from days 7 to 9. The tested products and entomopathogenic fungi can be used in management of D. diffusa. PMID:26855414

  19. Pollinator interactions with yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis across urban, agricultural, and natural landscapes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misha Leong

    Full Text Available Pollinator-plant relationships are found to be particularly vulnerable to land use change. Yet despite extensive research in agricultural and natural systems, less attention has focused on these interactions in neighboring urban areas and its impact on pollination services. We investigated pollinator-plant interactions in a peri-urban landscape on the outskirts of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, where urban, agricultural, and natural land use types interface. We made standardized observations of floral visitation and measured seed set of yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis, a common grassland invasive, to test the hypotheses that increasing urbanization decreases 1 rates of bee visitation, 2 viable seed set, and 3 the efficiency of pollination (relationship between bee visitation and seed set. We unexpectedly found that bee visitation was highest in urban and agricultural land use contexts, but in contrast, seed set rates in these human-altered landscapes were lower than in natural sites. An explanation for the discrepancy between floral visitation and seed set is that higher plant diversity in urban and agricultural areas, as a result of more introduced species, decreases pollinator efficiency. If these patterns are consistent across other plant species, the novel plant communities created in these managed landscapes and the generalist bee species that are favored by human-altered environments will reduce pollination services.

  20. Qualitative analysis of the chemical constituents in Hedyotis diffusa by HPLC-TOF-MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xu; Cheng, Weiming; Yao, Xinning; Guo, Xingjie

    2012-01-01

    A high performance liquid chromatography-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (HPLC-TOF-MS) method was developed for analysing the chemical constituents in Hedyotis diffusa, which is widely used as a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the field of cancer treatment. The compounds were identified either by comparing the retention time and mass spectrometry data with those of reference compounds or by analysing mass spectrometry data and retrieving reference literature. Among the detected chromatographic peaks, nine components were unambiguously identified, most of which were iridoids. This study is expected to provide an effective and reliable pattern for comprehensive and systematic characterisation of the complex TCM systems. PMID:21838590

  1. SynLam(TM) Primary Mirror Evaluation Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Cornerstone Research Group, Inc. (CRG), has developed sandwich core composite material (SynLam(TM)) and related fabrication technology to address the drawbacks of...

  2. Bioactivity of the extracts and isolation of lignans and a sesquiterpene from the aerial parts of Centaurea pamphylica (Asteraceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shoeb M.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Centaurea pamphylica Boiss. & Heldr. (Family: Asteraceae, commonly known as ‘pamphylia daisy', is a Turkish endemic species of the genus Centaurea that comprises ca. 500 species, many of which have been used as traditional medicines.  The n-hexane, dichloromethane (DCM and methanol (MeOH extracts of the aerial parts of C. pamphylica were assessed for antioxidant activity and general toxicity using, respectively, the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH, and the brine shrimp lethality assays. The reversed-phase preparative HPLC and PTLC were used to isolate compounds from the extracts.  The structures of these compounds [1-4] were elucidated by spectroscopic means, and also by direct comparison with the respective published data.  Both the DCM and the MeOH extract showed significant levels of antioxidant activities with the RC50 values of 72.6 x 10-2 and 47.3 ´ 10-2 mg/mL, respectively. The MeOH extract exhibited low levels of toxicity towards brine shrimps (LD50 = 125.0 ´ 10-2 mg/mL. Three major bioactive components of the MeOH extract were matairesinoside [1], arctiin [2] and matairesinol [3]. An eudesmane-type sesquiterpene, pterodontriol [4], was also isolated from the DCM extract.  Since reactive oxygen species are important contributors to various ailments, the antioxidant properties of the extracts as well as the isolated compounds may be of medicinal significance. This is the first report on the occurrence of 1-4 in C. pamphylica, and 4 in the genus Centaurea.  

  3. New habitats, new menaces: Centaurea x kleinii (C. moncktonii x C. solstitialis, a new hybrid species between two alien weeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna, A.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Anthropic alteration of habitat opens the door to the cohabitation of imported species that in their native range would never coexist. Centaurea solstitialis and Centaurea moncktonii are two invasive species whose natural distributions in Eurasia do not overlap. After introduction in North America, invasive spread led to overlapping distributions. Although the environmental requirements differ between the two species, the close proximity of diverse habitats (within pollinator range has resulted in several cases of natural hybridization between the two. The result of the cross between these two distantly related species is a sterile perennial. Many of its characteristics are intermediate between its parents, but morphologically it is closer to Centaurea moncktonii (probably the maternal parent, and itself of hybrid origin. The plant could possibly become an invasive weed through clonal reproduction. The apparent maternal parent, which the hybrid may more closely resemble physiologically as well as morphologically, is a wellknown creeping weed in alpine pastures throughout Europe.La alteración antrópica del hábitat da paso a la cohabitación de especies importadas que nunca coexistirían en su ámbito natural. Centaurea solstitialis y Centaurea moncktonii son dos especies invasoras cuyas distribuciones en Eurasia apenas se solapan. Después de su introducción en Norteamérica, la expansión invasiva condujo a distribuciones superpuestas. Aunque los requerimientos ambientales de las dos especies son distintos, la proximidad de hábitats diversos (dentro del alcance de los polinizadores ha dado lugar a varios casos de hibridación natural entre ambas. El cruce resultante entre dos especies lejanamente emparentadas es una planta perenne estéril. Muchos de los caracteres del híbrido son intermedios entre sus especies parentales, pero morfológicamente es más parecida a Centaurea moncktonii (probablemente la especie materna y a su vez ya de

  4. Soliton Lattice and Single Soliton Solutions of the Associated Lam\\'e and Lam\\'e Potentials

    OpenAIRE

    Bena, Ioana; Khare, Avinash; Saxena, Avadh

    2004-01-01

    We obtain the exact nontopological soliton lattice solutions of the Associated Lam\\'e equation in different parameter regimes and compute the corresponding energy for each of these solutions. We show that in specific limits these solutions give rise to nontopological (pulse-like) single solitons, as well as to different types of topological (kink-like) single soliton solutions of the Associated Lam\\'e equation. Following Manton, we also compute, as an illustration, the asymptotic interaction ...

  5. A remarkable new species of Coeliccia from the Tuyen Lam Lake area, Lam Dong, southern Vietnam (Odonata: Zygoptera: Platycnemididae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dow, Rory A

    2016-01-01

    Coeliccia suoitia sp. nov. (holotype ♂, from Suoi Tia, Tuyen Lam Lake, Da Lat, Lam Dong Province, Vietnam, deposited in RMNH) is described from males from southern Vietnam. It is a distinctive species that possess highly unusual characters in the thorax and anal appendages that make its ultimate generic placement questionable. Relationships between Coeliccia Kirby, Asthenocnemis Lieftinck and Indocnemis Laidlaw, and within Coeliccia, are briefly discussed. PMID:27394751

  6. A study of the in vitro free radical-scavenging property of Hedyotis diffusa using nitric oxide assay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Napolean Kagoo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hedyotis diffusa, known as Snake Needle Grass, is a herb used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of multiple ailments, especially cancer. It is found to possess anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory and anti-ageing properties.Aim: To study the free radical scavenging property of the ethanolic extract of Hedyotis diffusa using Nitric oxide assay.Materials and Methods: A dried sample of Hedyotis diffusa was extracted using 85% ethanol. Various concentrations of the extract were mixed with Sodium nitroprusside(SNP in Phosphate Buffer Saline(PBS. Then Griess reagent was added and the absorbance studied using a spectrophotometer at 546nm. Quercetin solution was used as the standard.Result: The herb exhibited maximal activity of 72.28% at the concentration of 1000 μg/ml. The IC50 value of Quercetin & Herb was found to be 10.24 µg/ml & 104.18 µg/ml respectively.Conclusion: The ethanolic extract of Hedyotis diffusa demonstrated a concentration-dependent free radical scavenging property which can be postulated as the mechanism of action in its anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-ageing properties.

  7. Hedyotis Diffusa Willd extract induces apoptosis via activation of the mitochondrion-dependent pathway in human colon carcinoma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Jiumao; Chen, Youqin; Wei, Lihui; Chen, Xuzhen; Xu, Wei; Hong, Zhenfeng; Sferra, Thomas J; Peng, Jun

    2010-11-01

    Hedyotis Diffusa Willd has been used as a major component in several Chinese medicine formulations for the clinical treatment of colorectal cancer. However, the molecular mechanism of the anti-cancer activity of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the cellular effects of the ethanol extract of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd (EEHDW) in the HT-29 human colon carcinoma cell line. We found that EEHDW inhibited the growth of HT-29 cells demonstrating EEHDW-induced cell morphological changes and reduced cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore, we observed that EEHDW treatment resulted in DNA fragmentation, loss of plasma membrane asymmetry, collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential, activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3, and increase of the ratio of pro-apoptotic Bax to anti-apoptotic Bcl-2, suggesting that the HT-29 cell growth inhibitory activity of EEHDW was due to mitochondrion-mediated apoptosis, which may partly explain the anti-cancer activity of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd. PMID:20878081

  8. Fly pollination of Gorteria diffusa (Asteraceae), and a possible mimetic function for dark spots on the capitulum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigated the functional significance of raised black spots on the ray florets of Gorteria diffusa (Asteraceae) in South Africa. Field observations showed that G. diffusa is pollinated by a small bee-fly, Megapalpus nitidus (Bombyliidae). which is strikingly similar to the raised spots that occur on some of the ray florets. Removal of the spots resulted in a significant decrease in the rate of fly visits to capitula, but did not significantly affect seed set. Replacement of the spots with simple ink spots also significantly reduced the rate of pollinator visits, suggesting that flies respond to details in the structure of the spots. Investigations using scanning electron microscopy showed that the spots of G. diffusa consist of a complex of different cell types. Differences in epidermal sculpturing may partly explain the UV reflectance pattern of these spots, which is similar to that of the flies. Mate flies are strongly attracted to the spots, as well as to other flies sitting in the capitula, although female flies also visit the capitula. We conclude that the spots of G. diffusa mimic resting flies, thereby eliciting mate-seeking and aggregation responses in fly pollinators. Similar dark spots have evolved in unrelated South African Gazania. Dimorphotheca, and Pelargonium species pollinated by bee-flies

  9. Fly pollination of Gorteria diffusa (Asteraceae), and a possible mimetic function for dark spots on the capitulum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, S; Midgley, J

    1997-04-01

    We investigated the functional significance of raised black spots on the ray florets of Gorteria diffusa (Asteraceae) in South Africa. Field observations showed that G. diffusa is pollinated by a small bee-fly, Megapalpus nitidus (Bombyliidae), which is strikingly similar to the raised spots that occur on some of the ray florets. Removal of the spots resulted in a significant decrease in the rate of fly visits to capitula, but did not significantly affect seed set. Replacement of the spots with simple ink spots also significantly reduced the rate of pollinator visits, suggesting that flies respond to details in the structure of the spots. Investigations using scanning electron microscopy showed that the spots of G. diffusa consist of a complex of different cell types. Differences in epidermal sculpturing may partly explain the UV reflectance pattern of these spots, which is similar to that of the flies. Male flies are strongly attracted to the spots, as well as to other flies sitting in the capitula, although female flies also visit the capitula. We conclude that the spots of G. diffusa mimic resting flies, thereby eliciting mate-seeking and aggregation responses in fly pollinators. Similar dark spots have evolved in unrelated South African Gazania, Dimorphotheca, and Pelargonium species pollinated by bee-flies. PMID:21708596

  10. Hedyotis diffusa Willd extract suppresses Sonic hedgehog signaling leading to the inhibition of colorectal cancer angiogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Jiumao; Wei, Lihui; Shen, Aling; Cai, Qiaoyan; Xu, Wei; Li, Huang; Zhan, Youzhi; Hong, Zhenfeng; Peng, Jun

    2013-02-01

    Sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling pathway promotes the process of angiogenesis, contributing to the growth and progression of many human malignancies including colorectal cancer (CRC), which therefore has become a promising target for cancer chemotherapy. Hedyotis diffusa Willd (HDW), as a well-known traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has long been used in China for the clinic treatment of various cancers. Recently, we reported that HDW can inhibit colorectal cancer growth in vivo and in vitro via suppression of the STAT3 pathway. In addition, we demonstrated the anti-angiogenic activity of HDW in vitro. To further elucidate the mechanism of the tumoricidal activity of HDW, by using a CRC mouse xenograft model we evaluated the in vivo effect of the ethanol extract of HDW (EEHDW) on tumor angiogenesis, and investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that EEHDW could significantly reduce intratumoral microvessel density (MVD), indicating its activity of antitumor angiogenesis in vivo. EEHDW suppressed the activation of SHH signaling in CRC xenograft tumors since it significantly decreased the expression of key mediators of SHH pathway. EEHDW treatment inhibited the expression of the critical SHH signaling target gene VEGF-A as well as its specific receptor VEGFR2. Taken together, we propose for the first time that Hedyotis diffusa Willd inhibits colorectal cancer growth in vivo via inhibition of SHH-mediated tumor angiogenesis. PMID:23291612

  11. Hedyotis diffusa Willd inhibits colorectal cancer growth in vivo via inhibition of STAT3 signaling pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Qiaoyan; Lin, Jiumao; Wei, Lihui; Zhang, Ling; Wang, Lili; Zhan, Youzhi; Zeng, Jianwei; Xu, Wei; Shen, Aling; Hong, Zhenfeng; Peng, Jun

    2012-01-01

    Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3), a common oncogenic mediator, is constitutively activated in many types of human cancers; therefore it is a major focus in the development of novel anti-cancer agents. Hedyotis diffusa Willd has been used as a major component in several Chinese medicine formulas for the clinical treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the precise mechanism of its anti-tumor activity remains largely unclear. Using a CRC mouse xenograft model, in the present study we evaluated the effect of the ethanol extract of Hedyotis diffusa Willd (EEHDW) on tumor growth in vivo and investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that EEHDW reduced tumor volume and tumor weight, but had no effect on body weight gain in CRC mice, demonstrating that EEHDW can inhibit CRC growth in vivo without apparent adverse effect. In addition, EEHDW treatment suppressed STAT3 phosphorylation in tumor tissues, which in turn resulted in the promotion of cancer cell apoptosis and inhibition of proliferation. Moreover, EEHDW treatment altered the expression pattern of several important target genes of the STAT3 signaling pathway, i.e., decreased expression of Cyclin D1, CDK4 and Bcl-2 as well as up-regulated p21 and Bax. These results suggest that suppression of the STAT3 pathway might be one of the mechanisms by which EEHDW treats colorectal cancer. PMID:22754353

  12. Hedyotis diffusa Willd extract inhibits HT-29 cell proliferation via cell cycle arrest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Minghe; Lin, Jiumao; Wei, Lihui; Xu, Wei; Hong, Zhenfeng; Cai, Qiaoyan; Peng, Jun; Zhu, Dezeng

    2012-08-01

    Hedyotis diffusa Willd (HDW) has long been used as an important component in several Chinese medicine formulae to clinically treat various types of cancer, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Previously, we reported that HDW inhibits CRC growth via the induction of cancer cell apoptosis and the inhibition of tumor angiogenesis. In the present study, to further elucidate the mechanism of HDW-mediated antitumor activity, we investigated the effect of HDW ethanol extract (EEHDW) on the proliferation of HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells. We found that EEHDW reduced HT-29 cell viability and survival in a dose- and time-dependent manner. We also observed that EEHDW treatment blocked the cell cycle, preventing G1 to S progression, and reduced mRNA expression of pro-proliferative PCNA, Cyclin D1 and CDK4, but increased that of anti-proliferative p21. Our findings suggest that Hedyotis diffusa Willd may be an effective treatment for CRC via the suppression of cancer cell proliferation. PMID:23139718

  13. Mutagenic, Anti-Mutagenic and Cytotoxic Activities of Artediffusin (Tehranolide, in vitro, extracted from Artemisia diffusa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahboubeh Taherkhani

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Artediffusin is a sesquiterpene lactone with an endoperoxide group which has been isolated from Artemisia diffusa. Artemisia has always been of great botanical and pharmaceutical interest and is useful in traditional medicines for the treatment of a variety of diseases and complaints. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the cytotoxic, mutagenic and anti-mutagenic activities of Artediffusin (Tehranolide extracted from Artemisia diffusa. Methods: Cytotoxicity was measured using a modified MTT assay on normal human lymphocytes and cancer cells. The mutagenic and anti-mutagenic activities of Artediffusin were evaluated using the Salmonella typhimurium tester strains TA98 and TA100 with and without metabolic activation S9. Results: 28μg/ml concentration of Artediffusin inactivated 77.73±0.78% of HeLa cells activity and 5600µg/ml concentration of Artediffusin inactivated 28.79±1.82% of lymphocytes activity. The maximum percentage of anti-mutagenic activity of Artediffusin was observed in the strain of S. typhimurium TA98, with the presence of metabolic activation S9. Conclusion: Artediffusin may be exploited as a natural anti-cancer and anti-mutagenic agent with low adverse side effects.

  14. Characterization of Boerhavia diffusa L. mutant lines by RAPD and isozyme, selected for agronomically valuable traits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boerhavia diffusa is a medicinally important plant and finds extensive uses in traditional herbal drug preparations. For the development of improved varieties in terms of superior yield and quality of herb/root of B. diffusa, mutation breeding was attempted. Mutants generated by physical and chemical mutagenic treatments were screened for yield and quality parameters of the root/herb up to three consecutive generations. The selected-screened lines generated by physical and chemical mutagenic treatments on two selected genotypes I and II were molecularly analyzed using eight isozymes and eleven RAPD primers producing good amplification. Mutants from BD10 (selected genotype I) were distinct, while, in case of BD22 (selected genotype II), only one mutant BDMu7 was recorded distinct by isozyme analysis. The wild mutant (BDMu16, with maximum height and mouve coloured flower) was distinct in RAPD banding pattern. Isozymes differentiated the mutants from their respective controls, whereas RAPD differentiated the mutants and controls and also distinguished the mutants. The RAPD analysis was found to be better suited than isozymes for detecting genetic differences among controls and their mutants. However, both RAPD and isozyme analyses gave similar patterns of genetic relationships

  15. Bioactivity of two Turkish endemic Centaurea species, and their major constituents Bioatividade e os principais constituintes químicos de duas espécies de Centaurea, endêmicas da Turquia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Shoeb

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The antioxidant activity, general toxicity and cytotoxicity of the methanol extracts of Centaurea urvillei subs. armata and C. mucronifera have been assessed, respectively, by the DPPH assay, the brine shrimp lethality and the MTT cytotoxicity assays. The reversed-phase HPLC analysis of the methanol extracts afforded two bioactive dibenzylbutyrolactone-type lignans, matairesinoside (1 and arctiin (2. The structures of these lignans were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses as well as by the direct comparison of experimental data with respective literature data.A atividade antioxidante, a toxicidade geral e a citotoxidade dos extratos metanólicos de Centaurea urvillei subs. armata e C. mucronifera foram analisados, respectivamente, pelo ensaio DPPH e pelos ensaios de letalidade de Artemia salina e de citotoxidade MTT. A análise dos extratos metanólicos em CLAE de fase reversa apresentou duas lignanas biotivas do tipo dibenzilbutirolactona, matairesinosídeo (1 e arctiina (2. As estruturas destas lignanas foram elucidadas através de análises espectroscópicas completas bem como por comparação direta dos dados experimentais com os respectivos dados da literatura.

  16. Anticancer Effects of 1,3-Dihydroxy-2-Methylanthraquinone and the Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd against HepG2 Carcinoma Cells Mediated via Apoptosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yun-Lan; Zhang, Jiali; Min, Dong; Hongyan, Zhou; Lin, Niu; Li, Qing-Shan

    2016-01-01

    Hedyotis Diffusa Willd, used in Traditional Chinese Medicine, is a treatment for various diseases including cancer, owing to its mild effectiveness and low toxicity. The aim of this study was to identify the main anticancer components in Hedyotis Diffusa Willd, and explore mechanisms underlying their activity. Hedyotis Diffusa Willd was extracted and fractionated using ethyl acetate to obtain the H-Ethyl acetate fraction, which showed higher anticancer activity than the other fractions obtained against HepG2 cells with sulforhodamine B assays. The active component of the H-Ethyl acetate fraction was identified to be 1,3-dihydroxy-2-methylanthraquinone (DMQ) with much high inhibitory rate up to 48.9 ± 3.3% and selectivity rate up to 9.4 ± 4.5 folds (pHedyotis Diffusa Willd showed potential anticancer effects. Furthermore, the mechanisms of action may involve mitochondrial apoptotic and death receptor pathways. PMID:27064569

  17. On the distribution of Cerastium smolikanum (Caryophyllaceae) and Centaurea vlachorum (Asteraceae) in the Balkan Peninsula

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shuka, Lulezim; Tan, Kit

    2009-01-01

    Cerastium smolikanum (Caryophyllaceae) and Centaurea vlachorum (Asteraceae) are reported for the first () and () are reported for the first time in C and NE Albania. These two taxa were previously considered serpentine endemics restricted to a few localities in NW Greece and the extension to their...

  18. Comparing susceptibility of eastern and western U.S. grasslands to competition and allelopathy from spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe L. subsp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Centaurea maculosa is native to Eurasia and is invasive in the western portion of the US. Negative impacts of C. maculosa present in the eastern US have not been recorded. In this study, we examine the effects of C. maculosa on species diversity on an eastern grassy bald, compare the competitive a...

  19. Total flavonoids of Hedyotis diffusa Willd inhibit inflammatory responses in LPS-activated macrophages via suppression of the NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, YunLong; Lin, Yanyan; LI, YACHAN; LI, CANDONG

    2015-01-01

    Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways play a central role in inflammatory responses. Total flavonoids of Hedyotis diffusa Willd (TFHDW) are active compounds derived from Hedyotis diffusa Willd, which has been long used in Chinese traditional medicine for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases, including ulcerative colitis and bronchitis; however, the precise mechanisms underlying the effects of TFHDW are largely unknown. In the presen...

  20. Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata Induce Bladder Cancer Cell Apoptosis by Inhibiting Akt Signaling Pathway through Downregulating miR-155 Expression

    OpenAIRE

    Li-Tao Pan; Yip Sheung; Wen-Peng Guo; Zhi-Bin Rong; Zhi-Ming Cai

    2016-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine is increasingly used to treat cancer. Our clinical experiences identify Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata as the most common herb-pair (couplet medicinal) used for the core treatment of bladder cancer. This study aims to investigate the antitumor effect of the herb-pair in bladder cancer cells. The results show that Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata inhibited bladder cancer cell growth and clone formation in a dose-dependent and time-dependent mann...

  1. Lipoarabinomanano (LAM de Mycobacterium spp: Respuesta inmune inducida en terneros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Jolly

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available La paratuberculosis es una enfermedad que afecta al ganado vacuno cuyo agente etiológico es el Mycobacterium avium subespecie paratuberculosis. El LAM es el principal componente antigénico de superficie de las micobacterias, y se lo considera de relevancia en la patogenia de las enfermedades que éstas causan. Un extracto enriquecido en LAM fue obtenido a partir de un cultivo de Mycobacterium spp. y empleado para inocular terneros. Se evaluó en ellos la respuesta inmune humoral y celular inducida por la vacunación. Los resultados de este estudio demuestran que el extracto enriquecido en LAM resultó ser inmunogénico en todos los animales inoculados, obteniéndose títulos considerables de anticuerpos específicos, sin generar falsos positivos a la prueba de intradermorreacción con el derivado proteico purificado utilizado para el diagnóstico de la tuberculosis bovina. Estos hallazgos justifican continuar el trabajo en esta línea intentando finalmente establecer si el LAM es un candidato potencial para la elaboración de una vacuna a subunidades contra la paratuberculosis bovina.Paratuberculosis is a chronic enteric disease affecting cattle. The causative agent is Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. LAM is the main antigenic component of mycobacterial surface, and it is considered a key virulence factor involved in its pathogenicity. A LAM-enriched extract obtained from a culture of Mycobacterium spp. was prepared with incomplete Freund's adjuvant for calves inoculation. Specific antibodies response and delayed-type hypersensitivity to intradermal injection of purified protein derivative antigen (PPD from Mycobacterium bovis were then evaluated in inoculated animals. Our results demonstrate that anti-LAM antibodies can be successfully obtained in calves immunized with LAM-enriched extract, without generating cross-reaction with PPD of M. bovis. This work could represent the initial step in order to determine the relevance of

  2. Evaluation of human neutrophil elastase inhibitory effect of iridoid glycosides from Hedyotis diffusa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Guang-Hua; Kim, Young-Hee; Chi, Seung-Wook; Choo, Soo-Jin; Ryoo, In-Ja; Ahn, Jong-Seog; Yoo, Ick-Dong

    2010-01-15

    Five iridoid glycosides were isolated from the MeOH extract of Hedyotis diffusa, and their structures were elucidated as E-6-O-p-methoxycinnamoyl scandoside methyl ester (1), Z-6-O-p-methoxycinnamoyl scandoside methyl ester (2), E-6-O-p-feruloyl scandoside methyl ester (3), E-6-O-p-coumaroyl scandoside methyl ester (4), and Z-6-O-p-coumaroyl scandoside methyl ester (5) by interpretation of their spectroscopic data. All the isolated compounds were evaluated for human neutrophil elastase inhibitory effect, and compound 1 showed potent activity with an IC(50) value of 18.0muM. The molecular docking simulation suggested a structural model for the inhibition of human neutrophil elastase by compound 1. PMID:20004577

  3. Algebraic Solutions of the Lam\\'e Equation, Revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Maier, Robert S.

    2002-01-01

    A minor error in the necessary conditions for the algebraic form of the Lam\\'e equation to have a finite projective monodromy group, and hence for it to have only algebraic solutions, is pointed out. [See F. Baldassarri, "On algebraic solutions of Lam\\'e's differential equation", J. Differential Equations 41 (1981), 44-58.] It is shown that if the group is the octahedral group S_4, then the degree parameter of the equation may differ by +1/6 or -1/6 from an integer; this possibility was misse...

  4. Parallel Computing Method Based on LAM/MPI%基于LAM/MPI的并行计算方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏; 李春强; 马琪

    2006-01-01

    介绍了并行计算的设计标准之一MPI,并深入研究了MPI的一个实现版本LAM,研究LAM的目的是为了在VLSI设计中运用LAM来加快矩阵的运算速度.LAM/MPI是对MPI标准的一个高质量的运用和实现,提供了在不同平台上的高性能运行.

  5. Determination of Oleanolic and Ursolic Acids in Hedyotis diffusa Using Hyphenated Ultrasound-Assisted Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction and Chromatography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Chi Wei

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Oleanolic acid (OA and ursolic acid (UA were extracted from Hedyotis diffusa using a hyphenated procedure of ultrasound-assisted and supercritical carbon dioxide (HSC–CO2 extraction at different temperatures, pressures, cosolvent percentages, and SC–CO2 flow rates. The results indicated that these parameters significantly affected the extraction yield. The maximal yields of OA (0.917 mg/g of dry plant and UA (3.540 mg/g of dry plant were obtained at a dynamic extraction time of 110 min, a static extraction time of 15 min, 28.2 MPa, and 56°C with a 12.5% (v/v cosolvent (ethanol/water = 82/18, v/v and SC–CO2 flowing at 2.3 mL/min (STP. The extracted yields were then analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC to quantify the OA and UA. The present findings revealed that H. diffusa is a potential source of OA and UA. In addition, using the hyphenated procedure for extraction is a promising and alternative process for recovering OA and UA from H. diffusa at high concentrations.

  6. Determination of Oleanolic and Ursolic Acids in Hedyotis diffusa Using Hyphenated Ultrasound-Assisted Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction and Chromatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Ming-Chi; Yang, Yu-Chiao; Hong, Show-Jen

    2015-01-01

    Oleanolic acid (OA) and ursolic acid (UA) were extracted from Hedyotis diffusa using a hyphenated procedure of ultrasound-assisted and supercritical carbon dioxide (HSC-CO2) extraction at different temperatures, pressures, cosolvent percentages, and SC-CO2 flow rates. The results indicated that these parameters significantly affected the extraction yield. The maximal yields of OA (0.917 mg/g of dry plant) and UA (3.540 mg/g of dry plant) were obtained at a dynamic extraction time of 110 min, a static extraction time of 15 min, 28.2 MPa, and 56°C with a 12.5% (v/v) cosolvent (ethanol/water = 82/18, v/v) and SC-CO2 flowing at 2.3 mL/min (STP). The extracted yields were then analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to quantify the OA and UA. The present findings revealed that H. diffusa is a potential source of OA and UA. In addition, using the hyphenated procedure for extraction is a promising and alternative process for recovering OA and UA from H. diffusa at high concentrations. PMID:26089939

  7. Allelopathic effects of two cover crops Commelina diffusa Burm. F. and Tradescantia zebrina Shunltz on Coffea arabica L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgina Berroa Navarro

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Allelopathic effect of the cover crops Tradescantia zebrina Shunltz (cucaracha and Commelina diffusa Burm. F. (canutillo were evaluated on Coffea arabica Lin. seeds Caturra Rojo variety. Germination tests were carried out “in vitro” and it was evaluated the root longitude, percentage of total germination and period of germination, as well as the height of the plant and the emergency percentage for the incorporation tests to the soil. It was also carried out, to both over crops, the preliminary chemical qualitative characterization. The results showed that the extracts of T. zebrina and of C. diffusa stimulated the “in vitro” germination and growth of C. arabica at different concentration levels. The incorporation to the soil of the extracts of C. diffusa stimulated the development of the plants of C. arabica, in a significant way, that supposes a considerable advantage in that concerns to the employment of these cover crops, when not implying noxious effects beside all the benefits implied when using cover crops. These last ones go from the protection and improvement of the properties of the soil, to the control of the spontaneous flora in the coffee agroecosystems.

  8. Polyploidy in phenotypic space and invastion context: A morphometric study of Centaurea stoebe s.l

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mráz, Patrik; Bourchier, Robert S.; Treier, Urs;

    2011-01-01

    The taxonomy of the Centaurea stoebe complex is controversial. Diploid and tetraploid plants occur in its native European range, but to date only tetraploids have been recorded from its introduced range in North America. We examined morphological differentiation of C. stoebe using multivariate and...... univariate approaches to clarify the taxonomic status of the known cytotypes. We measured more than 40 morphological traits on plants originating from 78 populations, grown from seed under uniform glasshouse conditions. The ploidy of almost 300 plants from 2 native and 20 introduced populations from Canada...... and 4x plants and thus supported recognition of both cytotypes as separate taxa. Differences in the life cycle, the number of florets, the shape of capitula, and the shape of young rosette leaves were the best discriminant characters. Only minor differences were found between native and introduced...

  9. ANTIMICROBIAL ACTION OF THE LEAF EXTRACT OF MORINGA OLEIFERA LAM.

    OpenAIRE

    Pal, Saroj K.; Mukherjee, Pulok K.; Saha, Kakali; Pal, M; Saha, B.P.

    1995-01-01

    The ethnolic extract of the leaves of Moringa oleifera Lam. (Fam. Moringaceae) was tested for antimicrobial activities against Gram Positive – Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis Staphylococcus aureus, Sarcina lutea: Gram negative – Escherichia coli and Acid fast Mycobacterium phlei. Significant antimicrobial activity of the extract was found in this study.

  10. Light transmission measurements with LAMS in the Mediterranean Sea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The long optical base transmissometer (LAMS-Long Arm Marine Spectrophotometer) constructed in 2008 by NESTOR group is described. The data of the recent water transparency measurements in the NESTOR site and in the Capo Passero site in the wavelength range 378-522 nm are presented

  11. Characterization and identification of iridoid glucosides, flavonoids and anthraquinones in Hedyotis diffusa by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, E-Hu; Zhou, Ting; Li, Guo-Bin; Li, Jing; Huang, Xiu-Ning; Pan, Feng; Gao, Ning

    2012-01-01

    The multiple bioactive constituents in Hedyotis diffusa Willd. (H. diffusa) were extracted and characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS(n)). The optimized separation condition was obtained using an Agilent ZorBax SB-C18 column (4.6×150 mm, 5 μm) and gradient elution with water (containing 0.1% formic acid) and acetonitrile (containing 0.1% formic acid), under which baseline separation for the majority of compounds was achieved. Among the compounds detected, 14 iridoid glucosides, 10 flavonoids, 7 anthraquinones, 1 coumarin and 1 triterpene were unambiguously identified or tentatively characterized based on their retention times and mass spectra in comparison with the data from standards or references. The fragmentation behavior for different types of constituents was also investigated, which could contribute to the elucidation of these constituents in H. diffusa. The present study reveals that even more iridoid glycosides were found in H. diffusa than hitherto assumed. The occurrence of two iridoid glucosides and five flavonoids in particular has not yet been described. This paper marks the first report on the structural characterization of chemical compounds in H. diffusa by a developed HPLC-ESI-MS(n) method. PMID:25940590

  12. The Study of the Effect of Hedyotis diffusa on the Proliferation and the Apoptosis of the Cervical Tumor in Nude Mouse Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Peiying; Zhang, Bei; Gu, Juan; Hao, Lin; Hu, Fangfang; Han, Conghui

    2015-07-01

    To study the inhibitory effect of Hedyotis diffusa on cervical cancer and its underlining biomolecular mechanism. Human cervical carcinoma nude mice xenograft was established and the mice were treated by intra-gastric administration of boiled and concentrated Hedyotis diffusa. When the tumor grew to 10 mm in diameter, the mice were randomly divided into Hedyotis diffusa Willd. (HDW) group and control group. The tumor inhibitory rate, survival time, and the expression rate of Ki-67 protein in Hela cells as well as tumor cell apoptosis were compared between these two groups. Hedyotis diffusa had inhibitory effect on cervical cancer cells and induced apoptosis of Hela cells. The expression of Ki-67 protein significantly decreased (P Hedyotis diffusa directly inhibited the proliferation of cervical cancer cells and induced apoptosis of the tumor cells. It has a positive effect for the treatment of cervical cancer to achieve the goal of clearing the heat, removing the toxins, eliminating the stasis, and dissolving the masses. PMID:25677988

  13. Evaluating Antimicrobial Effects of Centaurea Plant’s Essential Oil on Pathogenic Bacteria: Staphylococcus Aureus, Staphylococcus Epidermidis, and Escherichia Coli Isolated from Clinical Specimens

    OpenAIRE

    Haedeh Mobaiyen; Abolfazl Jafari Sales; Javad Sayyahi

    2016-01-01

    Background & Objectives :Nowadays, development of drug resistance against chemical antimicrobial drugs has attracted attention using medicinal plants in treatment of infections. The aim of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of two species of Centaurea plant’s essential oil on drug resistant clinical isolates of three pathogenic isolates. Materials & Methods :The studied plants were collected from Marand city in East Azerbaijan, Iran and were confirmed ...

  14. Phytochemical, Therapeutic, and Ethnopharmacological Overview for a Traditionally Important Herb: Boerhavia diffusa Linn.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shikha Mishra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Boerhavia diffusa (BD is a plant of rasayana category as per ayurvedic claims. It is reported to possess antiaging, disease prevention, and life strengthening activities which hold enormous influence in disease burden and affordability/availability of healthcare in the world. Objective. This paper has been compiled to comment on the studies reported for BD to highlight its chemical and therapeutic potential along with its ethnopharmacological considerations. Methods. In the present paper, a detailed account of chemical constituents and pharmacological activities has been presented. All the findings were correlated with modern pharmacological activities to appraise the value of BD. Results. Chemical analysis of BD gives a wide variety of chemical constituents, namely, rotenoids, flavonoids, xanthones, purine nucleoside, lignans, and steroids. Various ethnopharmacological reports emphasize its role in disorders of reproductive system, gastrointestinal system, respiratory system, urinary system, hepatic system/jaundice, cardiovascular system, and cancer. Conclusions. The studies on the therapeutic activities of BD range from studies on crude extracts to isolated compounds; however some of the studies require sophistication and validated results. BD is a plant of enormous importance in the purview of its chemical and therapeutic properties.

  15. Clonal reproduction of Azolla filiculoides Lam.: implications for invasiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Zamundio, María del Rocio; Cirujano Bracamonte, Santos; Meco, Ana; García Murillo, Pablo

    2013-01-01

    Clonal reproduction of Azolla filiculoides Lam., an aquatic floating fern, native from the American subtropics and a recent invader of Mediterranean wetlands, was assessed experimentally. Shoot fragmentation of the species was quantified under suitable room conditions for optimum growth. Azolla fililculoides showed high longevity, a low mortality percentage and a high potential for clonal reproduction (biomass obtained by shoot fragmentation from only one individual was multiplied ...

  16. MORPHOPHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES OF IPOMOEA BATATAS (L.) LAM. DURING DROUGHT STRESS

    OpenAIRE

    La Rosa, R.; Contreras, J; Mendoza, A.; Macabilca, Y.; Gutierrez, A.

    2008-01-01

    One of the greatest problems in the world is desertification so we must to know physiological responses and morphological adaptations from species with tolerance to drought stress. Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.) is one of the most important crops of the world, especially because of its great tolerance to drought stress. Hence, we decided to know what morphophysiological and metabolic responses has I. batatas under drought stress. So, we got cuttings of variety INA-100, fro...

  17. PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE STEM BARK OF MORINGA OLEIFERA LAM.

    OpenAIRE

    Khan Maria; Ali Mohammed

    2011-01-01

    Phytochemical investigation of the stem bark of Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae) furnished two new phytoconstituents identified as n-heptacosanyl n-octadec-9,12,15 trieneoate (moringyl linoleneate) and n- docas- 4-en-11-one-1-yl n-decanoate (oleiferyl capriate) along with the known compounds β-sitosterol, epilupeol, glyceropalmityl phosphate and glycerol-oleiostearyl phosphate. The structures of all the phytoconstituents have been elucidated on the basis of spectral data analyses and che...

  18. PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE STEM BARK OF MORINGA OLEIFERA LAM.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan Maria

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Phytochemical investigation of the stem bark of Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae furnished two new phytoconstituents identified as n-heptacosanyl n-octadec-9,12,15 trieneoate (moringyl linoleneate and n- docas- 4-en-11-one-1-yl n-decanoate (oleiferyl capriate along with the known compounds β-sitosterol, epilupeol, glyceropalmityl phosphate and glycerol-oleiostearyl phosphate. The structures of all the phytoconstituents have been elucidated on the basis of spectral data analyses and chemical reactions.

  19. Discovery and Classification of DES15S2lam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Y.-C.; Foley, R. J.; Nichol, R.; Papadopoulos, A.; Childress, M.; D'Andrea, C.; Smith, M.; Sullivan, M.; Maartens, R.; Gupta, R.; Kovacs, E.; Kuhlmann, S.; Spinka, H.; Ahn, E.; Finley, D. A.; Frieman, J.; Marriner, J.; Wester, W.; Aldering, G.; Kim, A. G.; Thomas, R. C.; Barbary, K.; Bloom, J. S.; Goldstein, D.; Nugent, P.; Perlmutter, S.; Casas, R.; Castander, F. J.; Desai, S.; Paech, K.; Smith, R. C.; Schubnell, M.; Kessler, R.; Lasker, J.; Scolnic, D.; Brout, D. J.; Gladney, L.; Sako, M.; Wolf, R. C.; Brown, P. J.; Krisciunas, K.; Suntzeff, N.

    2015-10-01

    We report optical spectroscopy of DES15S2lam discovered by the Dark Energy Survey. The spectrum (540-965nm) was obtained using GMOS on Gemini-North. Object classification was performed using superfit (Howell et al, 2005, ApJ, 634, 1190) and SNID (Blondin & Tonry, 2007, ApJ, 666, 1024), the details of which are reported in the table below.

  20. Using LAMS Version 2 for a game-based Learning Design

    OpenAIRE

    Dalziel, James

    2008-01-01

    This article describes the use of LAMS for modelling and running a game-based Learning Design. In particular, it focuses on the new features in LAMS Version 2 (including branching in LAMS V2.1) to implement the proposed game design. The article also considers implementation issues such as monitoring of student progress, teacher intervention in student activities, and "traces" (records of student activities). The article concludes with options for rapid re-use and adaptation of the proposed ga...

  1. Study of Chemical Constituents from Herba Hedyotis Diffusae%白花蛇舌草化学成分研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁少瑜; 陈飞龙; 汤庆发; 罗佳波; 曾永长

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the chemical constituents of Herba Hedyotis Diffusae. Methods Column chro-matographic techniques were used for the isolation and purification of chemical constituents of Herba Hedyotis Diffusae, and the structures of the chemical constituents were identified by spectroscopic analysis and literature confrontation method. Results Seven compounds had been isolated and identified, and they were 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (1), 4-hydroxy-3, 5-dimethoxybenzoicacid (2 ), quercetin ( 3 ), kaempferol-3-0-[2"-O- (E- 6"'-O-feruloyl) - β-D-glucopyranosyl]-β -D-galactopyranoside (4); E-6-O-feruloyl scandoside methylester ( 5 ) ; 2-hydroxy-3-methyl an-thraquinone(6), and 4-hydroxy-3- methoxybenzoic acid(7). Conclusion Compounds 1,2, and 7 have been isolated from Herba Hedyotis Diffusae for the first time.%目的 研究白花蛇舌草化学成分.方法 采用常规色谱技术分离,运用波谱技术和文献对照法鉴定化合物结构.结果 从乙酸乙酯部位分离得到7个化合物:对羟基苯甲酸(1),4-羟基-3,5-二甲氧基苯甲酸(2),槲皮素(3),山奈酚-3-O-[2″-O-(E-6("′)-O-阿魏酰基)-β-D-葡萄糖]-β-D-半乳糖苷(4),反式-6-O-阿魏酰鸡屎藤次苷甲酯(5),2-羟基-3-甲基蒽醌(6),4-羟基-3-甲氧基苯甲酸(7).结论 化合物1,2,7为首次从该植物中分离得到.

  2. Determination of Oleanolic and Ursolic Acids in Hedyotis diffusa Using Hyphenated Ultrasound-Assisted Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction and Chromatography

    OpenAIRE

    Ming-Chi Wei; Yu-Chiao Yang; Show-Jen Hong

    2015-01-01

    Oleanolic acid (OA) and ursolic acid (UA) were extracted from Hedyotis diffusa using a hyphenated procedure of ultrasound-assisted and supercritical carbon dioxide (HSC–CO2) extraction at different temperatures, pressures, cosolvent percentages, and SC–CO2 flow rates. The results indicated that these parameters significantly affected the extraction yield. The maximal yields of OA (0.917 mg/g of dry plant) and UA (3.540 mg/g of dry plant) were obtained at a dynamic extraction time of 110 min, ...

  3. Factors affecting in vitro plant regeneration of the critically endangered Mediterranean knapweed ( Centaurea tchihatcheffii Fisch et. Mey)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozel, Cigdem Alev; Khawar, Khalid Mahmood; Mirici, Semra; Ozcan, Sebahattin; Arslan, Orhan

    2006-10-01

    Habitat destruction has resulted in the extinction of many plant species from the earth, and many more face extinction. Likely, the annual endemic Mediterranean knapweed ( Centaurea tchihatcheffii) growing in the Golbasi district of Ankara, Turkey is facing extinction and needs urgent conservation. Plant tissue culture, a potentially useful technique for ex situ multiplication, was used for the restoration of this ill-fated plant through seed germination, micropropagation from stem nodes, and adventitious shoot regeneration from immature zygotic embryos. The seeds were highly dormant and very difficult to germinate. No results were obtained from the micropropagation of stem nodes. However, immature zygotic embryos showed the highest adventitious shoot regeneration on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium, containing 1 mg l-1 kinetin and 0.25 mg l-1 NAA. Regenerated shoots were best rooted on MS medium containing 1 mg l-1 IBA and transferred to the greenhouse for flowering and seed set. As such, the present work is the first record of in vitro propagation of critically endangered C. tchihatcheffii, using immature zygotic embryos, and is a step forward towards conservation of this indigenous species.

  4. Floral markers of cornflower (Centaurea cyanus) honey and its peroxide antibacterial activity for an alternative treatment of digital dermatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oelschlaegel, Stefanie; Pieper, Laura; Staufenbiel, Rudolf; Gruner, Margit; Zeippert, Linda; Pieper, Bernd; Koelling-Speer, Isabelle; Speer, Karl

    2012-11-28

    Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus) honey can be characterized by a greenish yellow color and an intense flavor with a bitter aftertaste. Because cornflower honey contains only a limited amount of pollen for the verification of its floral origin, one objective was the characterization of its polyphenol and norisoprenoid contents to assign floral markers. Here, lumichrome (18.8-43.5 mg/kg), 7-carboxylumichrome, (Z/E)-3-oxo-retro-α-ionol, and 3-oxo-α-ionol appeared to be quite suitable for distinguishing cornflower honey from other unifloral honeys. Additionally, due to its comparably high hydrogen peroxide content (0.5-0.9 mM/h) and the associated antibacterial activity, cornflower honey was used as an alternative treatment of digital dermatitis on an organic dairy farm. Cows affected by this hoof disease often show severe lameness and a subsequent decline in milk yield and loss of body condition. The cows' hooves treated with cornflower honey showed significantly faster healing than the control group without any treatment. PMID:23140532

  5. [Inhibition effect of hedyotis diffusa wild injection on HL-60 cells and its mechanism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiao-Hong; Gao, Rui-Lan; Qian, Xu-Dai; Wang, Xiao; Tan, Pan-Li; Yin, Li-Ming; Zhou, Yu-Hong

    2008-10-01

    This study was aimed to explore the inhibition effect and mechanism of hedyotis diffusa wild injection (HDI) on leukemia cell line (HL-60) in vitro. The leukemia cell line HL-60 was used as target cells. The inhibitory effects of HDI on proliferation of HL-60 cells were observed by MTT assay. The positive rate of cell apoptosis and the surface marker of granulocytic differentiation (CD33 and CD15) were measured by flow cytometry. The expressions of anti-apoptosis related gene (survivin and bcl-2) were detected by RT-PCR. The results showed that the growth of HL-60 cells was inhibited by higher concentration of HDI (3.12 - 12.5 ml/L) and inhibited obviously in dose-dependent manner (p 0.05). The FCM and DNA Ladder results showed that the phenomenon of typical apoptosis did not detected after HL-60 cells were treated with the different concentrations of HDI for 24, 48 and 72 hours respectively. After HL-60 cells were treated with HDI (1.56, 3.12, 6.25 and 12.5 ml/L) for one week, the expression level of CD15 surface marker was all enhanced obviously. When treated with HDI (6.25 ml/L) for 3 weeks, the expression levels of survivin and bcl-2 gene were also decreased obviously by 60% and 44% respectively. It is concluded that HDI can inhibit HL-60 cells in the presence of its higher concentrations. The mechanisms of HDI may induce HL-60 cells differentiation, and suppress the expression of anti-apoptosis related gene (survivin or bcl-2) to inhibit the growth of HL-60 cells. PMID:18928590

  6. Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata Induce Bladder Cancer Cell Apoptosis by Inhibiting Akt Signaling Pathway through Downregulating miR-155 Expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Li-Tao; Sheung, Yip; Guo, Wen-Peng; Rong, Zhi-Bin; Cai, Zhi-Ming

    2016-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine is increasingly used to treat cancer. Our clinical experiences identify Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata as the most common herb-pair (couplet medicinal) used for the core treatment of bladder cancer. This study aims to investigate the antitumor effect of the herb-pair in bladder cancer cells. The results show that Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata inhibited bladder cancer cell growth and clone formation in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. It also induced cell apoptosis through decreasing Akt activation and reducing the expression of antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Mcl-1. Further experiments showed that miR-155 was reduced by the herb-pair and miRNA-155 inhibitor induced cell apoptosis and suppressed Akt activation. Overexpression of miR-155 reversed herb-pair induced cell apoptosis through activating Akt pathway in both bladder cancer cell lines. The findings reveal that Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata reduce Akt activation through reducing miR-155 expression, resulting in cell apoptosis. It demonstrated the potential mechanism of Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata for the core treatment of bladder cancer. PMID:26989427

  7. Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata Induce Bladder Cancer Cell Apoptosis by Inhibiting Akt Signaling Pathway through Downregulating miR-155 Expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-Tao Pan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Traditional Chinese medicine is increasingly used to treat cancer. Our clinical experiences identify Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata as the most common herb-pair (couplet medicinal used for the core treatment of bladder cancer. This study aims to investigate the antitumor effect of the herb-pair in bladder cancer cells. The results show that Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata inhibited bladder cancer cell growth and clone formation in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. It also induced cell apoptosis through decreasing Akt activation and reducing the expression of antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Mcl-1. Further experiments showed that miR-155 was reduced by the herb-pair and miRNA-155 inhibitor induced cell apoptosis and suppressed Akt activation. Overexpression of miR-155 reversed herb-pair induced cell apoptosis through activating Akt pathway in both bladder cancer cell lines. The findings reveal that Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata reduce Akt activation through reducing miR-155 expression, resulting in cell apoptosis. It demonstrated the potential mechanism of Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata for the core treatment of bladder cancer.

  8. 2-hydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone from Hedyotis diffusa Willd induces apoptosis in human leukemic U937 cells through modulation of MAPK pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Nan; Li, Dong-Yang; Niu, Hui-Yan; Zhang, Yi; He, Ping; Wang, Jia-He

    2013-06-01

    The herb of Hedyotis diffusa Willd (H. diffusa Willd), an annual herb distributed in northeastern Asia, has been known as a traditional oriental medicine for the treatment of cancer. Recently, Chinese researchers have discovered that two anthraquinones isolated from a water extract of H. diffusa Willd showed apoptosis-inducing effects against cancer cells. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon are poorly understood. The current study determines the role of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) in human leukemic U937 cells apoptosis induced by 2-hydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone from H. diffusa. Our results showed that 2-hydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone decreased phosphorylation-ERK1/2 (p-ERK1/2), and increased p-p38MAPK, but did not affect expressions of p-JNK1/2 in U937 cells. Moreover, treatment of U937 cells with 2-hydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone resulted in activation of caspase-3. Furthermore, PD98059 (ERK1/2 inhibitor) significantly enhanced 2-hydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone-induced apoptosis in U937 cells, whereas caspase-3 inhibitor or SB203580 (p-p38MAPK inhibitor), decreased apoptosis in U937 cells. Taken together, our study for the first time suggests that 2-hydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone is able to enhance apoptosis of U937 cells, at least in part, through activation of p-p38MAPK and downregulation of p-ERK1/2. Moreover, the triggering of caspase-3 activation mediated apoptotic induction. PMID:23550028

  9. 矢车菊和大花金鸡菊的核型研究%THE KARYOTYPE STUDIES OF CENTAUREA CYANUS AND COREOPSIS GRANDIFLORA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨德奎

    2001-01-01

    对矢车菊和大花金鸡菊的染色体进行了研究,结果显示,矢车菊(Centaurea cyanus L.)染色体数目为2n=48,核型公式为K(2n)=4x=48=20m+28sm,相对长度组成为2n=48=4 L+24M2+12 M1+8 S,核型为“2A”;大花金鸡菊(Coreopsis,grandiflora Hogg.)的染色体数目为2n=26,核型公式为K(2n)=2X=26=26m,相对长度组成为2n=26=14M2+10M1+2S,核型为“1A”.%The results of some karyotype studies of Centaurea cyanus L. and Coreopsis grandi-flora Hogg. from Shandong are reported. The results showed: the chromosome number of Centaurea cyanus L. is 2 n = 48, its karyotype formula is K (2 n ) = 4X = 48 = 20 m + 28 sm, composition of rela-tive length of chromosome is 2n =48=4 L + 24 M2 + 12 M1 + 8 S,belonging to “2A” of Stebbins;the chromosome number of Coreopsis grandiflor Hogg. is 2n = 26,its karyotype formula is K (2n) = 2x=26 =26 m, composition of relative length of chromosome is 2n = 26 = 14 M2 + 10 M1 + 2 S,belonging to ”1A”of Stebbins.

  10. Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. LAM.) breeding through tissue culture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Somatic embryogenesis was induced on MS medium containing NAA from apical meristems of aseptically growing sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam.). It was observed 4 weeks (in earliest cultivar) after the explants were placed on callus induction media, MS containing 1 - 5 gm/INAA, 1 - 10 mg/l GA3, 3% sucrose and 0.2% Gellan Gum. Embryogenesis was observed in each cultivar tested, but the frequency of embryogenesis depended on genotype. Somatic embryogenesis was influenced by the amount of nitrogen supply in the callus induction media. The lower amount of nitrogen seemed to promote somatic embryogenesis. (author). 7 refs, 7 tabs

  11. Identication of potivirus present in lulo (solanum quitoense lam) Identificación de potivirus presentes en plantas de lulo (solanum quitoense lam)

    OpenAIRE

    Peñaranda J.; Aristizábal F.; Torres I.; Vaca J.

    1999-01-01

    The Solanaceous fruit Solanum quitoense Lam, is originally from Andean región of South America. This fruit has commercial prospective. The Leaf Yellowing Disease in Lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam) was first described by Zuluaga in 1991. It causes economically losses and has been associated with a virus attack. The disease's symptoms included stunting, yellow streaking or mosaic patterns in leaves, often with a curling of the leaf margins. In order to diagnostic the presence of virus, we applied ...

  12. Ladder Operators for Lamé Spheroconal Harmonic Polynomials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Méndez-Fragoso

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Three sets of ladder operators in spheroconal coordinates and their respective actions on Lamé spheroconal harmonic polynomials are presented in this article. The polynomials are common eigenfunctions of the square of the angular momentum operator and of the asymmetry distribution Hamiltonian for the rotations of asymmetric molecules, in the body-fixed frame with principal axes. The first set of operators for Lamé polynomials of a given species and a fixed value of the square of the angular momentum raise and lower and lower and raise in complementary ways the quantum numbers $n_1$ and $n_2$ counting the respective nodal elliptical cones. The second set of operators consisting of the cartesian components $hat L_x$, $hat L_y$, $hat L_z$ of the angular momentum connect pairs of the four species of polynomials of a chosen kind and angular momentum. The third set of operators, the cartesian components $hat p_x$, $hat p_y$, $hat p_z$ of the linear momentum, connect pairs of the polynomials differing in one unit in their angular momentum and in their parities. Relationships among spheroconal harmonics at the levels of the three sets of operators are illustrated.

  13. Patterns of chloroplast DNA polymorphism in the endangered polyploid Centaurea borjae (Asteraceae): Implications for preserving genetic diversity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lua LOPEZ; Rodolfo BARREIRO

    2013-01-01

    A previous study with amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) fingerprints found no evidence of genetic impoverishment in the endangered Centaurea borjae and recommended that four management units (MUs) should be designated.Nevertheless,the high ploidy (6x) of this narrow endemic plant suggested that these conclusions should be validated by independent evidence derived from non-nuclear markers.Here,the variable trnT-F region of the plastid genome was sequenced to obtain this new evidence and to provide an historical background for the current genetic structure.Plastid sequences revealed little genetic variation; calling into question the previous conclusion that C.borjae does not undergo genetic impoverishment.By contrast,the conclusion that gene flow must be low was reinforced by the strong genetic differentiation detected among populations using plastid sequences (global FST =0.419).The spatial arrangement of haplotypes and diversity indicate that the populations currently located at the center of the species range are probable sites of long-persistence whereas the remaining sites may have derived from a latter colonization.From a conservation perspective,four populations contributed most to the allelic richness of the plastid genome of the species and should be given priority.Combined with previous AFLP results,these new data recommended that five,instead of four,MUs should be established.Altogether,our study highlights the benefits of combining markers with different modes of inheritance to design accurate conservation guidelines and to obtain clues on the evolutionary processes behind the present-day genetic structures.

  14. Species-specific effects of polyploidisation and plant traits of Centaurea maculosa and Senecio inaequidens on rhizosphere microorganisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thébault, Aurélie; Frey, Beat; Mitchell, Edward A D; Buttler, Alexandre

    2010-08-01

    Invasive plant species represent a threat to terrestrial ecosystems, but their effects on the soil biota and the mechanisms involved are not yet well understood. Many invasive species have undergone polyploidisation, leading to the coexistence of various cytotypes in the native range, whereas, in most cases, only one cytotype is present in the introduced range. Since genetic variation within a species can modify soil rhizosphere communities, we studied the effects of different cytotypes and ranges (native diploid, native tetraploid and introduced tetraploid) of Centaurea maculosa and Senecio inaequidens on microbial biomass carbon, rhizosphere total DNA content and bacterial communities of a standard soil in relation to plant functional traits. There was no overall significant difference in microbial biomass between cytotypes. The variation of rhizosphere total DNA content and bacterial community structure according to cytotype was species specific. The rhizosphere DNA content of S. inaequidens decreased with polyploidisation in the native range but did not vary for C. maculosa. In contrast, the bacterial community structure of C. maculosa was affected by polyploidisation and its diversity increased, whereas there was no significant change for S. inaequidens. Traits of S. inaequidens were correlated to the rhizosphere biota. Bacterial diversity and total DNA content were positively correlated with resource allocation to belowground growth and late flowering, whereas microbial biomass carbon was negatively correlated to investment in reproduction. There were no correlations between traits of the cytotypes of C. maculosa and corresponding rhizosphere soil biota. This study shows that polyploidisation may affect rhizosphere bacterial community composition, but that effects vary among plant species. Such changes may contribute to the success of invasive polyploid genotypes in the introduced range. PMID:20229242

  15. Policy considerations for the introduction and promotion of the lactational amenorrhea method: advantages and disadvantages of LAM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, K I; Kotelchuck, M

    1998-09-01

    Some attributes of LAM are unquestionably positive, such as the fact that it is effective. Clinical trials of LAM have upheld the Bellagio Consensus that the chance of pregnancy is less than 2% in the first 6 months postpartum in amenorrheic women who are fully or nearly fully breastfeeding. Secondary data analyses in numerous settings have drawn the same conclusion. Whether as a strategy or a method, used correctly or even if used imperfectly, LAM is a reliable way to avoid pregnancy. To the extent that LAM represents an additional contraceptive option, this is also clearly positive since a broad array of contraceptive options maximizes the likelihood of finding a good fit between user and method, and increases contraceptive use. Other characteristics of LAM represent potentially positive impacts. If LAM is shown to be an effective conduit to other modern methods, the implications are profoundly positive. If LAM is cost effective, for households and/or for programs, this will also make the method extraordinarily attractive. Conversely, some aspects of LAM are negative, such as the fact that it affords no protection against STDs, it requires counseling from a well-informed provider, and intensive breastfeeding can make heavy demands on the woman's time. Many of the remaining attributes of LAM may not be important to a policy decision about LAM promotion. For example, whether LAM is actualized as a strategy or a method may not be important to a decision to promote LAM, although it has a huge impact on how services are delivered. Some factors may be profound on a local or individual level. For example, one simple factor, such as the absence of full/nearly full breastfeeding, can rule out the method as an option, while another, such as the fact that it provides the needed waiting period during vasectomy counseling, can make LAM the method of choice. Although LAM seems unlikely to have widespread popularity in societies like the United States, within such settings are

  16. A rare case of a natural contact zone in Morocco between an autopolyploid and an allopolyploid of Centaurea aspera with sterile tetraploid hybrids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garmendia, A; Ferriol, M; Juarez, J; Zając, A; Kałużny, K; Merle, H

    2015-05-01

    A new contact zone between Centaurea aspera and Centaurea seridis was found in Morocco. Chromosome counts and flow cytometry showed that both taxa were tetraploid (4x = 44). A literature review and morphometric analysis established that C. aspera corresponds to the autopolyploid C. aspera subsp. gentilii and C. seridis corresponds to the allopolyploid C. seridis var. auriculata. This contact area was compared with the homologous contact zones in Spain formed by the diploid C. aspera subsp. stenophylla and the tetraploid C. seridis subsp. maritima. Natural hybrids between parental species were frequent in both areas. In Spain, hybrids were triploid (from reduced gametes A and gamete AB), highly sterile and exerted a 'triploid block'. In Morocco, cytometry showed that hybrids were tetraploid and, therefore, probably fertile, but all the capitula lacked achenes. It is likely that the resulting genome of the new tetraploid hybrid (AAAB), through the fusion of reduced gametes AA (from subsp. gentilii) and AB (from var. auriculata), could explain irregularities in meiosis through formation of aneuploid gametes and, therefore, infertility of the hybrid. Moroccan sterile tetraploid hybrids develop, but have the identical irregularities to Spanish triploids, probably due to the odd number of homologous chromosomes. The new hybrid is first described as C. x subdecurrens nothosubsp. paucispinus. In addition, distribution and ecological traits are analysed. PMID:25363815

  17. Efeito do glyphosate sobre a morfoanatomia das folhas e do caule de Commelina diffusa e C. benghalensis Effect of glyphosate on the morpho-anatomy of leaves and stems of C. diffusa and C. benghalensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.D. Tuffi Santos

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do glyphosate nas estruturas anatômicas e morfológicas do caule e das folhas de duas espécies de Commelina, bem como investigar o envolvimento do amido de reserva na maior tolerância ao glyphosate de C. diffusa em relação a C. benghalensis. De 10 vasos cultivados de cada espécie, nove receberam 1.440 g ha-1 de glyphosate e um serviu como testemunha. Fragmentos de caule e folhas foram coletados e fixados nos tempos de zero (antes da aplicação do glyphosate, 15, 30 e 50 dias após a aplicação (DAA. O laminário histológico foi obtido conforme metodologia usual, enfatizando-se a aplicação do reagente lugol para verificação de amido. Atribuíram-se notas de 1 a 5, conforme a intensidade crescente da reação. Na folha, as células epidérmicas e os tecidos vasculares são pouco afetados; já o mesofilo é integralmente desorganizado, culminando com a morte das células. As injúrias são mais evidentes no caule e nas folhas de C. benghalensis. Morfologicamente, verificam-se regiões cloróticas e áreas necrosadas dispersas pela superfície foliar, culminando com a queda a partir do 15º DAA em C. benghalensis. Em C. diffusa, a abscisão foliar é mais tardia, apesar de as injúrias serem semelhantes. Ambas as espécies apresentaram maior quantidade de amido na região do nó que do entrenó. C. benghalensis tem poucos e pequenos grãos de amido, enquanto em C. difusa eles são grandes e numerosos. Em resposta à aplicação do glyphosate, houve variação na quantidade de grãos de amido no caule conforme o tempo após a aplicação. Assim, C. difusa terá sempre maiores possibilidades de se restabelecer após aplicação do glyphosate, por manter maior reserva de amido.The purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of glyphosate in the anatomical and morphologic structures of leaves and stems of two species of Commelina, and to investigate the involvement of the starch reservation

  18. Glycosides from Hedyotis Diffusa%白花蛇舌草苷类成分的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海娟; 陈业高

    2006-01-01

    从茜草科植物白花蛇舌草(Hedyotis diffusa Willd)中通过溶剂提取、硅胶柱层析、SephadexLH-20柱层析和制备薄层层析等方法分得6个苷类化合物.波谱分析(核磁共振氢谱、碳谱和质谱)确定它们的结构分别为E-6-O-p-methoxy cinnamoyl scandoside methyl ester(1),Z-6-O-p-methoxycinnamoyl scandoside methyl ester(2),asperuloside(3),asperulosidic acid(4),乙基-β-D-吡喃葡萄糖苷(ethyl β-D-glucopyranoside,5)和胡萝卜苷(daucosterol,6).化合物5为首次从本植物中分到.

  19. Analysis of iridoid glucosides in Hedyotis diffusa by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Cunman; Xue, Xingya; Zhou, Dayong; Zhang, Feifang; Xu, Qing; Ren, Lingling; Liang, Xinmiao

    2008-09-10

    An HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS method was developed for analysis of iridoid glucosides (IGs) from Hedyotis diffusa Willd. The optimized separation condition was achieved with the Complex Sample Analysis Software System (CSASS) software, under which the whole analytes were achieved complete resolution especially for some isomeric IGs. Based on the UV and fragmentations, eleven IGs were detected. According to the fragmentation patterns of the three standard IGs, especially those of the isomeric standards, seven IGs including three pairs of isomers were unambiguous/tentatively identified. For the isomeric IGs with methyl ester or carboxyl group at C-4, the extents of the losses of CH3OH and/or H2O from their molecular and/or the aglycone adducts are useful for the differentiation of the stereoisomers in positive ion (PI) mode, which depends on the stereochemistry of the hydroxyl group on the cyclopentanoid unit. PMID:18579330

  20. Effect of hydrothermal processing on total polyphenolics and antioxidant potential of underutilized leafy vegetables, Boerhaavia diffusa and Portulaca oleracea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gunasekaran Nagarani; Arumugam Abirami; Prasad Nikitha; Perumal Siddhuraju

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effect of different processing methods on antioxidant properties of acetone extract of aerial parts from Boerhaavia diffusa and Portulaca oleracea.Methods:The total phenolic and flavonoid contents were determined by Folin-Ciocalteau and aluminum chloride method, respectively. FRAP, metal chelating activity, DPPH, ABTS, nitric oxide, hydroxyl and superoxide radical scavenging activities, carotene/linoleic acid bleaching activity were used for the determination of antioxidant capacity.Results:The total phenolics in Boerhaavia diffusa (82.79-162.80 mg GAE/g extract) were found to be higher when compared to that of Portulaca oleracea (22.94-10.02 mg GAE/g extract). Hydrothermal processing enhanced the level of inhibition on synthetic radicals such as DPPH (3439-309549 mmol TE/g extract) and ABTS (17808-53818 mmol TE/g extract) as well as biologically relevant radicals such as superoxide anion (70%-90%) and nitric oxide (49%-57%). In addition, boiling of the vegetables were found to be maximum capacity of FRAP (6 404.95 mmol Fe (II)/g extract) and metal chelating activity (1.53 mg EDTA/g extract) than the respective raw samples. Conclusions: The present investigation suggests that the processing enhance the functionality and improves the availability of bioactive substances of these vegetables. In addition, they also exhibited more potent antioxidant activity. Therefore these natural weeds from the crop land ecosystem could be suggested as cost effective indigenous green vegetables for human diet and potential feed resources for animals. Further extensive studies on role and importance of those weeds in sustaining the agro biodiversity are also needed.

  1. Condensed tannins from the bark of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (Sterculiaceae)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From the bark of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (Sterculiaceae), nine compounds were isolated and identified: ent-catechin, epicatechin, ent-gallocatechin, epigallocatechin, epiafzelechin-(4β?8)-epicatechin, epicatechin-(4β?8)-catechin (procyanidin B1), epicatechin-(4β?8)-epicatechin (procyanidin B2), epicatechin-(4β?8)-epigallocatechin, and the new compound 4'-O-methyl-epiafzelechin. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral and literature data. HPLC fingerprint analysis of the semipurified extract was performed on a C18 column, with a mixture of acetonitrile (0.05% trifluoroacetic acid):water (0.05% trifluoroacetic acid) (v/v) with a flow rate of 0.8 mL min-1. The sample injection volume was 100 μL and the wavelength was 210 nm. (author)

  2. Condensed tannins from the bark of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (Sterculiaceae)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopes, Gisely C.; Rocha, Juliana C.B.; Mello, Joao C.P. de [Universidade Estadual de Maringa (UEM), PR (Brazil). Programa de Pos-graduacao em Ciencias Farmaceuticas], e-mail: mello@uem.br; Almeida, Glalber C. de [Universidade Estadual de Maringa (UEM), PR (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    From the bark of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (Sterculiaceae), nine compounds were isolated and identified: ent-catechin, epicatechin, ent-gallocatechin, epigallocatechin, epiafzelechin-(4{beta}?8)-epicatechin, epicatechin-(4{beta}?8)-catechin (procyanidin B1), epicatechin-(4{beta}?8)-epicatechin (procyanidin B2), epicatechin-(4{beta}?8)-epigallocatechin, and the new compound 4'-O-methyl-epiafzelechin. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral and literature data. HPLC fingerprint analysis of the semipurified extract was performed on a C18 column, with a mixture of acetonitrile (0.05% trifluoroacetic acid):water (0.05% trifluoroacetic acid) (v/v) with a flow rate of 0.8 mL min-1. The sample injection volume was 100 {mu}L and the wavelength was 210 nm. (author)

  3. ANTIMICROBIAL EVALUATION OF LEAF EXTRACT OF MORINGA OLEIFERA LAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandeep Kumar Sharma

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Moringa oleifera tree is known as a Miracle tree as almost every part of this tree possesses product useful for humans. The leaves and pods are eaten. The plant is also reported to be medicinally important and almost all parts of the Moringa oleifera tree are considered to possess medicinal properties and are used in the treatment of ascites, rheumatism and venomous bites and as cardiac and circulatory stimulant Leaves are also known to have anti-oxidant properties and are known to cures hallucinations, dry tumors, hiccups and asthma. The root and bark are useful in treatment of heart complaints, eye diseases, inflammation, dyspepsia and enlargement of spleen. In Present study the antimicrobial activity was investigated by employing main model Kirby-bauer disc diffusion method. The results showed that 50% ethanolic extract of Moringa oleifera Lam leaf have very little antibacterial activity and it shows mild inhibitory activity at high concentration of extract of Moringa oleifera.

  4. Rad-hard Location and Attitude Module (R-LAM) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — R-LAM (Rad-hard Location and Attitude Module), promises a new generation of both integrated navigation modules and stand-alone navigation subsystems including...

  5. Isolation and Characterization of Flovonoids from the Flowers of Butea Monosperma Lam (Pauk)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Four flavonoids, namely, butein (1), monospermoside (2), isobutrin (3) and butrin (4)were isolated from the dried flowers of Butea monosperma (Lam) Kuntze. The structures of compounds have been elucidated by UV, IR, NMR and mass spectroscopy

  6. Hedyotis diffusa Willd Inhibits Colorectal Cancer Growth in Vivo via Inhibition of STAT3 Signaling Pathway

    OpenAIRE

    Jun Peng; Wei Xu; Aling Shen; Zhenfeng Hong; Jianwei Zeng; Youzhi Zhan; Ling Zhang; Lili Wang; Lihui Wei; Jiumao Lin; Qiaoyan Cai

    2012-01-01

    Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3), a common oncogenic mediator, is constitutively activated in many types of human cancers; therefore it is a major focus in the development of novel anti-cancer agents. Hedyotis diffusa Willd has been used as a major component in several Chinese medicine formulas for the clinical treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the precise mechanism of its anti-tumor activity remains largely unclear. Using a CRC mous...

  7. EVALUATION OF NEPHRO-PROTECTIVE AND ANTI-NEPHRO-TOXIC PROPERTIES OF RAKTA PUNARNAVA ROOTS (Boerhaavia diffusa, L.) GOKSHUR FRUITS (Tribulus terrestris, L.) IN DRUG INDUCED NEPHROTOXICITY

    OpenAIRE

    Kulkarni Yogini Ramachandra; Apte Bhalchandra Keshav; Kulkarni Pandurang Hari; Patil Ragini Rajan

    2012-01-01

    Kwath of Rakta Punarnava roots (Boerhaavia diffusa, L.) and Gokshur fruits (Tribulus terrestris,L.) were tried for their Nephro-protective and anti-nephro-toxic properties by using Gentamycin induced Nephro-toxic model in Wistar strain Albino Rats. The effects were assessed on the basis of Biochemical and Histo-pathological investigations. Both the selected drugs have proven statistically significant results as Nephro-protective agent whereas Punarnava has got pronounced anti-nephro-toxic a...

  8. EVALUATION OF NEPHRO-PROTECTIVE AND ANTI-NEPHRO-TOXIC PROPERTIES OF RAKTA PUNARNAVA ROOTS (Boerhaavia diffusa, L. GOKSHUR FRUITS (Tribulus terrestris, L. IN DRUG INDUCED NEPHROTOXICITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulkarni Yogini Ramachandra

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Kwath of Rakta Punarnava roots (Boerhaavia diffusa, L. and Gokshur fruits (Tribulus terrestris,L. were tried for their Nephro-protective and anti-nephro-toxic properties by using Gentamycin induced Nephro-toxic model in Wistar strain Albino Rats. The effects were assessed on the basis of Biochemical and Histo-pathological investigations. Both the selected drugs have proven statistically significant results as Nephro-protective agent whereas Punarnava has got pronounced anti-nephro-toxic action too.

  9. Prevention of Alveolar Destruction and Airspace Enlargement in a Mouse Model of Pulmonary Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)

    OpenAIRE

    Goncharova, Elena A; Goncharov, Dmitry A; Fehrenbach, Melane; Khavin, Irene; Ducka, Blerina; HINO, OKIO; Colby, Thomas V.; Merrilees, Mervyn J; Haczku, Angela; Albelda, Steven M.; Krymskaya, Vera P.

    2012-01-01

    Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare genetic disease characterized by neoplastic growth of atypical smooth muscle–like LAM cells, destruction of lung parenchyma, obstruction of lymphatics, and formation of lung cysts, leading to spontaneous pneumothoraces (lung rupture and collapse) and progressive loss of pulmonary function. The disease is caused by mutational inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene tuberous sclerosis complex 1 (TSC1) or TSC2. By injecting TSC2-null cells int...

  10. LAMS as an assessment tool for teaching and learning English as a foreign language

    OpenAIRE

    Brenes-Castaño, Antonio; Contero-Urgal, Candela; Rodríguez-Gómez, Gregorio; Gallego-Noche, Beatriz

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we describe how LAMS (Learning Activity Management System) might help English language teachers to design and implement e-Learning-oriented e-Assessment and to enhance the techniques they employ to provide complete assessment units embracing all linguistic skills. In doing so, we present an example of an assessment unit in which such an implementation can be seen through the combination of different resources LAMS provides, thus improving the design of didactic sy...

  11. CARP Institutional Assessment in a Post-2008 Transition Scenario: Implications for Land Administration and Management (LAM)

    OpenAIRE

    Cortez, Felino; Ballesteros, Marife M.

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to present the land administration and management (LAM) issues on CARP and determine the necessary institutional reforms on LAM in view of CARP expiration in 2008. The paper discussed the adverse effects brought about by weak land policy and poor land administration on attaining the objectives of CARP. The poor land records, the lack of information sharing among government land agencies, the tedious land titling and registration process, the unclear land policie...

  12. Development and validation of a modified ultrasound-assisted extraction method and a HPLC method for the quantitative determination of two triterpenic acids in Hedyotis diffusa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yu-Chiao; Wei, Ming-Chi; Chiu, Hui-Fen; Huang, Ting-Chia

    2013-12-01

    In the present study, the oleanolic acid (OA) and ursolic acid (UA) contents ofHedyotis diffusa and H. corymbosa were determined by a rapid, selective and accurate method combining modified ultrasound-assisted extraction (MUAE) and HPLC. Compared with traditional extraction methods, MUAE reduced the extraction time, the extraction temperature and the solvent consumption and maximized the extraction yields of OA and UA. Furthermore, the combined MUAE-HPLC method was applied to quantitate OA and UA in plant samples and exhibited good repeatability, reproducibility and stability. The mean recovery studies (one extraction cycle) for OA and UA were between 91.3 and 91.7% with RSD values less than 4.5%. The pioneer method was further applied to quantitate OA and UA in six samples of H. diffusa and five samples of H. corymbosa. The results showed that the OA and UA content in the samples from different sources were significantly different. This report is valuable for the application of H. diffusa and H. corymbosa obtained from different regions in clinical research and pharmacology. PMID:24555272

  13. Overview of Sustainability Studies of CNC Machining and LAM of Stainless Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyamekye, Patricia; Leino, Maija; Piili, Heidi; Salminen, Antti

    Laser additive manufacturing (LAM), known also as 3D printing, is a powder bed fusion (PBF) type of additive manufacturing (AM) technology used to fabricate metal parts out of metal powder. The development of the technology from building prototype parts to functional parts has increased remarkably in 2000s. LAM of metals is promising technology that offers new opportunities to manufacturing and to resource efficiency. However, there is only few published articles about its sustainability. Aim in this study was to create supply chain model of LAM and CNC machining and create a methodology to carry out a life cycle inventory (LCI) data collection for these techniques. The methodology of the study was literature review and scenario modeling. The acquisition of raw material, production phase and transportations were used as basis of comparison. The modelled scenarios were fictitious and created for industries, like aviation and healthcare that often require swift delivery as well as customized parts. The results of this study showed that the use of LAM offers a possibility to reduce downtime in supply chains of spare parts and reduce part inventory more effectively than CNC machining. Also the gap between customers and business is possible to be shortened with LAM thus offering a possibility to reduce emissions due to less transportation. The results also indicated weight reduction possibility with LAM due to optimized part geometry which allow lesser amount of metallic powder to be used in making parts.

  14. KONYA'DA YETİŞEN CENTAUREA PTEROCAULA TRUATV. 'IN FENOLİK YAPISI VE ANTİOKSİDAN ETKİSİ

    OpenAIRE

    TEKELİ, Yener

    2009-01-01

    antioksidan aktivitesinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Centaurea Pterocaula 'u yağından uzaklaştırılmak için sokslet apareyi ile petrol eterinde ekstrakte edildi. Sonra materyal %70 lik metanolde tekrar ekstraksiyona tabi tutuldu ve çözücüsünden uzaklaştırıldı. Toplam fenolik madde konsantrasyonu Folin-Ciocalteu metoduna, serbest radikal süpürme etkisi DPPH metoduna göre ve indirgeme gücü ise Oyaizu metoduna göre yapıldı. Bitkinin fenolik yapısı HPLC ile belirlendi. Sonuçlar sen...

  15. CENTAUREA CARDUIFORMIS (PEYGAMBER ÇİÇEĞİ)'İN ANTİOKSİDAN AKTİVİTESİNİN BELİRLENMESİ

    OpenAIRE

    TEKELİ, Yener

    2009-01-01

    Özet: Bu çalışmada Konya civarından toplanan Centaurea Carduiformis DC. subsp. 'u yağından uzaklaştırılmak için sokslet apareyi ile petrol eterinde ekstrakte edildi. Sonra materyal %70 lik metanolde tekrar ekstraksiyona tabi tutuldu ve çözücüsünden uzaklaştırılarak liyofilize edildi. Antioksidan aktivitesi ölçülene kadar +4 oC de karanlıkta muhafaza edildi. Toplam fenolik madde konsantrasyonu gallik asit standardına göre Folin-Ciocalteu metoduna, serbest radikal süpürme etkisi DPPH (1,1-difen...

  16. Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Phenolic and Flavonoid Content in Moringa oleifera Lam and Ocimum tenuiflorum L.

    OpenAIRE

    Sangeeta Sankhalkar; Vrunda Vernekar

    2016-01-01

    Background: Number of secondary compounds is produced by plants as natural antioxidants. Moringa oleifera Lam. and Ocimum tenuiflorum L. are known for their wide applications in food and pharmaceutical industry. Objective: To compare phenolic and flavonoid content in M. oleifera Lam and O. tenuiflorum L. by quantitative and qualitative analysis. Materials and Methods: Phenolic and flavonoid content were studied spectrophotometrically and by paper chromatography in M. oleifera Lam. and O. tenu...

  17. Other chemical constituents isolated from Solanum crinitum Lam. (Solanaceae)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cornelius, Marli T.F.; Carvalho, Mario G. de; Silva, Tania M.S. da; Alves, Cassia C.F.; Siston, Ana P.N.; Alves, Kelly Z.; Sant' Anna, Carlos M.R., E-mail: mgeraldo@ufrrj.b [Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Seropedica, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica; Benassi Neto, Mario; Eberlin, Marcos N. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica; Braz-Filho, Raimundo [Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro (UENF), Campos dos Goytacases, RJ (Brazil). Setor de Quimica de Produtos Naturais. Lab. de Ciencias Quimicas

    2010-07-01

    The phytochemical investigation of Solanum crinitum Lam led to the isolation from the fruit trichomes of four flavonoids, tiliroside (1), astragalin (2), kaempferol (3), biochanin A-7-O-{beta}-D-apiofuranosyl-(1->5)-{beta}-D-apiofuranosyl-(1->6)-{beta}-D-glucopyranoside (7), along with 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (12), and four cinnamic acid derivatives, cis- and trans-coumaric acids (10 and 11) and cis- and trans- ethyl coumarate (8 and 9). Three tri-glycosyl-steroidal alkaloids, solamargine (13), 20-epi-solamargine (14) and solasonine (16) were isolated from the methanolic extract of the green fruits. The derivatives 3,5,7,4'-tretra-O-methyl-kaempferol (4), 3,7,4'-tri-O-methyl-kaempferol (5), 3,7,4'-tri-O-methyl-5-O-acetyl-kaempferol (6), the peracetyl-episolamargine (15) and peracetyl-solasonine (17) were prepared. The structures were established through the analysis of their spectral data. The complete {sup 1}H and {sup 13}C NMR data assignments of the new peracetyl derivatives of the alkaloids were made. (author)

  18. Study of Antipyretic Activity of Bauhinia racemosa lam in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.I. Borikar

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted to screen the antipyretic activity of alcoholic extract of the stem bark of Bauhinia racemosa Lam. as per the method discribed by Bhalla et.al, (1971. Thirty six healthy rats weighing between 200-250gms were divided into six groups of six animals each, with 50% sex ratio. The initial rectal temperature of each animal was recorded by digital thermometer and its hourly variation was noted for 3 hours. The pyrexia was induced by injecting a suspension of 15% of brewer’s yeast and 2% gum acacia in normal saline sub-cutaneously below the nape of neck @ 1ml/100gm of animal weight. The difference in temperature between 0 hour and respective time interval was found out by statistical method. The potency of extract to bring down the temperature was compared with that of the control group. The extract showed marked antipyretic activity in a dose dependent manner. [Vet World 2009; 2(6.000: 215-216

  19. MORPHOPHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES OF IPOMOEA BATATAS (L. LAM. DURING DROUGHT STRESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    La Rosa, R.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the greatest problems in the world is desertification so we must to know physiological responses and morphological adaptations from species with tolerance to drought stress. Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam. is one of the most important crops of the world, especially because of its great tolerance to drought stress. Hence, we decided to know what morphophysiological and metabolic responses has I. batatas under drought stress. So, we got cuttings of variety INA-100, from INIA Huaral, and were planted in 22 recipients of 4 L with substrate consisting in a mixing of sand and humus (3:1. Half of them were irrigated monthly and other half only receives water to establish plants and no more after that. We measured transpiration, histological changes in leaves and metabolic changes at protein and starch level. We confirmed transpiration is not affected for air humidity or substrate humidity. But, the effect of drought can be better observed in foliage growth, therefore in histological changes in leaves. No significance in concentration of proteins but significance in carbohydrates concentration shows an osmotic regulation in order to maintain stomata open and also an increase in photosynthetic activity in stressed plants.

  20. The synergistic anticancer effect of cisplatin combined with Oldenlandia diffusa in osteosarcoma MG-63 cell line in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pu F

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Feifei Pu,1 Fengxia Chen,2 Song Lin,1 Songfeng Chen,1 Zhicai Zhang,1 Baichuan Wang,1 Zengwu Shao1 1Department of Orthopedics, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 2Department of Medical Oncology, General Hospital of The Yangtze River Shipping, Wuhan, Hubei, People’s Republic of China Background: Oldenlandia diffusa (OD is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine, which is used to prevent and treat many disorders, especially cancers. However, its role in osteosarcoma has not been well understood. Here, we used OD and cisplatin individually and combined in osteosarcoma MG-63 cell to explore whether OD could induce cellular apoptosis and suppress the ability of proliferation and invasion of osteosarcoma MG-63 cell.Methods: The changes of cellular shape were analyzed by optical microscopy. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide assay was used to analyze cell survival rate in vitro. Flow cytometry was performed to detect cell cycle and cell death. Scratch migration assay was used to evaluate cell migration and invasion. Western blot was performed to determine the expression levels of pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic protein.Results: In this study, we found that the survival rate reduced significantly in the combined group compared with the individual group and control group. The apoptosis-inducing effect of combined application was much more significant than that of individual application. The invasion ability of combined application was significantly lower than that of the individual application. In the combined group, there were high expression levels of pro-apoptotic protein and low expression of anti-apoptotic protein. Cell-cycle analysis showed a change in the cell-cycle distribution and arrested cells in G2-M phase.Conclusion: In this study, we found that OD inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in the human osteosarcoma MG-63 cell line in a time-dependent and dose

  1. Sistema de reprodução de Rhynchanthera dichotoma (Lam. DC Reproduction system of Rhynchanthera dichotoma (Lam. DC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo José Fernandes Guimarães

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available R. dichotoma (Lam. DC. é um arbusto que ocorre na região central do Brasil em ambientes úmidos, brejosos, formando nestes locais grandes populações. O período de floração desta espécie é longo de 6-8 meses. Neste estudo realizado no município de Tanabi (São Paulo, o pico de floração ocorreu no mês de abril. Semelhante ao observado em outras Melastomataceae de anteras tubulares e deiscência poricida, R. dichotoma é polinizada por abelhas vibradoras. Este estudo constatou que esta espécie é autocompatível com 59% de sucesso obtido nas autopolinizações manuais (n=90 e não foi observada a presença de agamospernmia (n=85. A polinização cruzada (xenogamia foi predominante, sendo que 66% das flores polinizadas desenvolveram frutos (n=92. Surpreendentemente, apesar desta espécie apresentar anteras poricidas constatou-se a ocorrência de autopolinização espontânea em 33% das flores (n=92.R. dichotoma (Lam.. DC. is a shrub native of Central Brazil, occurring in large population in wet, marsh like environment. The present study was carried out at the municipality of Tanabi (São Paulo State. The flowering season of this species is long lasting ca. 6-8 months, but April is the month when most individuals are in flower. Similar to other Melastomataceae species possessing tubular and poricidal anthers, R. dichotoma is pollinated by buzz bees. The species, as indicated in this study, is self-compatible, 59% of success resulted from artificial self-pollination (n=90. Agamospermy did not occur (n=85. Cross pollination (xenogamy proved to be predominant: 66% fruits was obtained from cross-pollinated flowers (n=92. Although the present species has poricidal anthers, surprisingly spontaneous sef-pollination was observed 33% of success (n=92.

  2. Atividade antiulcerogênica do extrato aquoso da Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam. Kurz Antiulcerogenic activity of aqueous extract from Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam. Kurz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.C. Braz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam. Kurz pertence a família Crassulaceae e é conhecida vulgarmente como coirama, folha-da-fortuna, ou folha-do-ar, sendo usada popularmente como antifúngico, no tratamento da hipertensão, em úlceras e em inflamações. O presente estudo objetivou analisar a atividade antiulcerogênica do extrato aquoso das folhas de Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam. Kurz em modelo de úlcera gástrica induzida por indometacina em Rattus norvegicus, machos (150 a 250 g com idade de 70 dias. Os animais receberam por via oral: água, extrato aquoso de Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam. Kurz (1 e 2 g Kg-1 ou ranitidina (60 mg Kg-1 , fármaco com ação gastroprotetora conhecida que atua bloqueando os receptores de histamina H2. Após uma hora dos tratamentos, todos animais receberam indometacina via intraperitoneal. Os resultados demonstraram que o extrato aquoso da Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam. Kurz possui ação gastroprotetora; na dose de 1 g Kg-1 inibiu 45,49% o índice de ulceração induzido pela indometacina, e, na dose de 2 g Kg-1, inibiu 49,50%. Sugere-se o envolvimento de vários mecanismos na ação gastroprotetora dessa planta e não somente uma possível participação das prostaglandinas nesse efeito. Estudos futuros com diferentes modelos de indução de úlcera gástrica tornam-se necessários para melhor avaliar a atividade antiulcerogênica do extrato aquoso de Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam. Kurz.Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam. Kurz belongs to the family Crassulaceae, is popularly known as "coirama", "folha-da-fortuna", or "folha-do-ar" and has been commonly used as antifungal, in the treatment of hypertension, ulcers and inflammation. The present study aimed to analyze the antiulcerogenic activity of aqueous extract from the leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam. Kurz using indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer models in Rattus norvegicus, males (150-250 g aged 70 days old. The animals received by the oral route: water, aqueous extract from

  3. Chemical constituents from Hedyotis diffusa%白花蛇舌草化学成分的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨亚滨; 杨雪琼; 丁中涛

    2007-01-01

    对白花蛇舌草(Hedyotis diffusa)的化学成分进行研究.采用甲醇提取,石油醚、氯仿-甲醇(V/V为1:1)、甲醇-水(V/V为1:1)溶剂划段,多种分离材料进行反复分离纯化,根据化合物的理化性质和光谱数据鉴定其结构.从其氯仿-甲醇(V/V为1:1)部分分离鉴定了7个化合物:3-甲氧基-5,7-二羟基-黄酮醇(Ⅰ)、10-乙酰基鸡屎藤甙(Ⅱ)、车叶草甙(Ⅲ)、5,7,4′-三羟基-黄酮醇(Ⅳ)、熊果酸(Ⅴ)、胡萝卜苷(Ⅵ)、β-谷甾醇(Ⅶ).化合物Ⅰ,Ⅱ首次从该植物中分离得到.

  4. Chemical Constituents of Hedyotis diffusa%白花蛇舌草的化学成分研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    斯建勇; 陈迪华; 潘瑞乐; 赵晓宏

    2006-01-01

    从白花蛇舌草(Hedyotis diffusa Willd)的全草中分离得到12个化合物,应用波谱学方法鉴定为p-香豆酸(p-coumaric acid,1)、阿魏酸(ferulic acid,2)、齐墩果酸(oleanolic acid,3)、熊果酸(ursolic acid,4)、2-甲基-3-羟基-蒽醌(2-methyl-3-hydroxyanthraquinone,5)、2-甲基-3-甲氧基蒽醌(2-methyl-3-methoxyanthraqui-none,6)、东莨菪内酯(scopolin,7)、槲皮素(quercetin,8)、山奈酚(kaeperferol,9)、胡萝卜苷(daucosterol,10)、豆甾醇(stigmasterol,11)和β-谷甾醇(β-sitosterol,12).化合物2、7为首次从该植物中分得.

  5. BDP-30, a systemic resistance inducer from Boerhaavia diffusa L., suppresses TMV infection, and displays homology with ribosome- inactivating proteins

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Shalini Srivastava; H N Verma; Aparana Srivastava; Vivek Prasad

    2015-03-01

    Root extract of Boerhaavia diffusa L. induced systemic resistance in tobacco against Tobacco mosaic virus. A 30 kDa protein was isolated as the active component, called BDP-30 on the basis of the molecular weight and source plant. BDP-30, a glycoprotein, was found to be temperature and protease resistant. It was basic, possessing a pI greater than 9.0. In-gel proteolytic digestion of BDP-30 generated two peptides that possessed the amino acid sequence KLYDIPPLR and KVTLPYSGNYER by LC/MS/MS. Both peptides shared absolute sequence identity with trichosanthin, a ribosome-inactivating protein from Trichosanthes kirilowii, and a 78% and 100% homology respectively with an RIP from Bryonia dioica, bryodin. Further, effort was made to look at the fate of TMV in induced resistant Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi, a systemic host of the virus, at specified days after inoculation in control and treated plants. TMV coat protein (CP) was detected by immunoblot 7 days post inoculation up to 21 days in the control set, but not in treated resistant plants. TMV RNA was detected by RT-PCR using TMV-CP specific primers. Resistant tobacco did not show presence of TMV RNA up to 21 days of inoculation. This suggests that BDP-30 may be suppressing TMV replication.

  6. 75 FR 29722 - Foreign-Trade Zone 18-San Jose, CA; Application for Subzone; Lam Research Corporation (Wafer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-27

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 18--San Jose, CA; Application for Subzone; Lam Research... Research Corporation (Lam), located in Fremont, California. The application was submitted pursuant to the... Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20230-0002, and in the ``Reading Room'' section of the Board's Web...

  7. Laser Ablation Mass Spectrometer (LAMS) as a Standoff Analyzer in Space Missions for Airless Bodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, X.; Brinckerhoff, W. B.; Managadze, G. G.; Pugel, D. E.; Corrigan, C. M.; Doty, J. H.

    2012-01-01

    A laser ablation mass spectrometer (LAMS) based on a time-of-flight (TOF) analyzer with adjustable drift length is proposed as a standoff elemental composition sensor for space missions to airless bodies. It is found that the use of a retarding potential analyzer in combination with a two-stage reflectron enables LAMS to be operated at variable drift length. For field-free drift lengths between 33 cm to 100 cm, at least unit mass resolution can be maintained solely by adjustment of internal voltages, and without resorting to drastic reductions in sensitivity. Therefore, LAMS should be able to be mounted on a robotic arm and analyze samples at standoff distances of up to several tens of cm, permitting high operational flexibility and wide area coverage of heterogeneous regolith on airless bodies.

  8. Antioxidant responses of damiana (Turnera diffusa Willd to exposure to artificial ultraviolet (UV radiation in an in vitro model: part I; UV-C radiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluvia de Abril Alexandra Soriano-Melgar

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Ultraviolet type C (UV-C radiation has higher energy than the UV-B radiation and has been less studied because it is completely absorbed by the ozone layer. However, artificial UV-C radiation can generate diverse modifications in the plants. Given that exposure to UV-C for short periods of time increases the antioxidant content, improving the appearance and shelf-life of products, its potential application in postharvest treatments to modify the antioxidant content of medicinal plants, such as damiana (Turnera diffusa, is novel and relevant. Objective: To determine the effects of UV-C radiation on enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant defenses, as well as oxidative damage levels, in damiana (Turnera diffusa plants in vitro. Results: UV-C radiation decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD, EC 1.15.1.1 and total peroxidases (POX, EC 1.11.1 activities, the concentration of chlorophylls (a and b, carotenes, vitamin C, and total antioxidant capacity. UV-C radiation increased the phenolic compound levels in damiana. Loss of antioxidant defenses was higher in damiana plants exposed to higher UV-C doses and/or for longer periods. This study suggests that UV-C radiation induces oxidative stress, evidenced as increased protein carbonyls and phenolic compound content, in damiana (T. diffusa. Conclusion: Low dose, short exposure to UV-C stimulates phenolic compound content in damiana. Thus, controlled UV-C treatments could be used as postharvest treatment to increase phenolic compound content in damiana plants.

  9. Morfo-anatomia foliar de Myrcia multiflora (Lam. DC. - Myrtaceae Leaf morphoanatomy of Myrcia multiflora (Lam. DC. - Myrtaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.M Donato

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Folhas de Myrcia multiflora (Lam. DC. são usadas na medicina popular como hipoglicemiantes. O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar morfológica e anatomicamente as folhas desta planta, de modo que os dados obtidos possam ser utilizados como referência em exames de controle de qualidade de amostras de fármacos, com vistas a verificar a autenticidade. Folhas inteiras foram diafanizadas e coradas para o estudo da nervação. Secções transversais do pecíolo e transversais e paradérmicas da lâmina foliar foram analisadas em microscópio óptico (MO e a superfície do limbo foi observada, também, em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV. Foram aplicados testes histoquímicos em material fresco, para identificação e localização de glicídios, amido, taninos, lignina, cristais e sílica. Morfologicamente, a folha é simples, oval-elíptica, com margem inteira, base aguda, ápice acuminado e textura cartácea. A venação é do tipo camptódromo-broquidódromo. Anatomicamente, a folha é hipostomática, com mesofilo compacto e dorsiventral, com três estratos de parênquima paliçádico. A epiderme é uniestratificada, silicificada em algumas regiões e as células exibem paredes anticlinais retas. Em posição subepidérmica ocorrem numerosas cavidades secretoras de óleos essenciais. Os feixes vasculares são colaterais e acompanhados por séries cristalíferas. Os dados obtidos são comparados com os de outras espécies de Myrtaceae e conclui-se que as características morfológicas e anatômicas de M. multiflora contribuem para a diagnose.Myrcia multiflora (Lam. DC. leaves have been used in folk medicine as hypoglycemic. The aim of this work is to describe morphoanatomically the leaves of this plant in order to use the obtained data as reference in quality control tests of drug samples, investigating their authenticity. Whole leaves were diaphanized and stained for venation study. Petiole transverse sections and leaf blade

  10. Tests of vigour in seeds of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. / Testes de vigor em sementes de Guazuma ulmifolia Lam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Esmeralda S. P. Desmatlê

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The work had as objective to verify the efficiency of vigour tests for identification of the physiologic potential in four lots of seeds of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. The study was developed at the Laboratory of Seed Analysis - UNESP, Jaboticabal, SP. Four lots of seeds from three places of São Paulo state were used: lots I and II, collected in the municipal district of Jaboticabal in 2000 and 2001; lot II,: collected in Santa Rita do Passa Quatro and lot IV, Luiz Antonio, both in 2001. To break seed dormancy the seeds used in all the tests were escarified with sulfuric acid during 50 minutes, and washed in running water during 20 minutes. The evoluations were: seed moisture content, germination percentage, first count test, germination speed index and electric conductivity with different numbers of seeds (50, 75, 100 put to soak in plastic containing 50 and 75mL of water, to the temperature at 250C, during for 72 hours. The seeds of the lot originating from lot III, presented physiologic potential superior to the other studied lots. The tests of electric conductivity, first count, and index of germination speed were appropriate for evaluation of the physiologic potential of the lots. For the electric conductivity test other studies are necessary, involving a larger number of lots, seeking the use possibility a pattern vigour test, while the tests of first count and index of germination speed were appropriate for evaluation of the vigour.O trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a eficiência dos testes de vigor para identificação do potencial fisiológico em sementes de Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. O estudo foi desenvolvido no Laboratório de Análise de Sementes – UNESP/Jaboticabal/SP, utilizando-se quatro lotes de sementes: sendo lotes I e II, coletados no município de Jaboticabal em 2000 e 2001, respectivamente lote III em Santa Rita do Passo Quatro e lote IV, em Luiz Antonio, ambos em 2001. Para superação da dormência, realizou-se a escarifica

  11. Morphology and pollen viability of Lolium multiflorum Lam. Morfologia e viabilidade polínica de Lolium multiflorum Lam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata de Castro Nunes

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Study and characterization of pollen grains are essential for different areas, especially taxonomy, genetic improvement, phylogeny, and paleobotany. As yet, there are no reports on pollen morphology of genotypes of naturalized Lolium multiflorum Lam., introduced cultivars or breeding populations, diploid or polyploid. Ten genotypes of annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum were evaluated for the viability of pollen grains using propionic carmine and Alexander's stains, while morphology was assessed by the acetolysis technique. Measures of polar axis (P, equatorial diameter (E, exine thickness, and analysis of pollen grains were obtained by scanning electron microscopy (SEM. All genotypes showed high rate of pollen viability (> 89% for both stains. There were differences between genotypes in the following quantitative traits: polar axis, equatorial diameter, exine, endexine, ektexine, and P/E ratio. Pollen grains were characterized as small, monoporates, with circular and non-prominent apertures. In addition to helping distinction of pollen grains, morphometric differences can be used later to compare ploidy levels, thus assisting in breeding programs of the species.O estudo e a caracterização do grão de pólen são fundamentais para diferentes áreas, em especial, para a taxonomia, o melhoramento genético, a filogenia e a paleobotânica. Para genótipos de Lolium multiflorum Lam., naturalizados no Brasil, cultivares introduzidas ou populações de melhoramento, diploides e poliploides, não existem relatos sobre a caracterização morfopolínica. Nesse trabalho foram analisados dez gentótipos de azevém anual (L. multiflorum. A viabilidade dos grãos de pólen foi verificada por coloração com os corantes carmim propiônico e Alexander e a morfologia por meio da técnica de acetólise, sendo obtidas medidas do eixo polar (P, do diâmetro equatorial (E, e da espessura da exina, e análise dos grãos de pólen por microscopia eletrônica de

  12. Chan-Evans-Lam Amination of Boronic Acid Pinacol (BPin) Esters: Overcoming the Aryl Amine Problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vantourout, Julien C; Law, Robert P; Isidro-Llobet, Albert; Atkinson, Stephen J; Watson, Allan J B

    2016-05-01

    The Chan-Evans-Lam reaction is a valuable C-N bond forming process. However, aryl boronic acid pinacol (BPin) ester reagents can be difficult coupling partners that often deliver low yields, in particular in reactions with aryl amines. Herein, we report effective reaction conditions for the Chan-Evans-Lam amination of aryl BPin with alkyl and aryl amines. A mixed MeCN/EtOH solvent system was found to enable effective C-N bond formation using aryl amines while EtOH is not required for the coupling of alkyl amines. PMID:27045570

  13. Anticancer Effects of 1,3-Dihydroxy-2-Methylanthraquinone and the Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd against HepG2 Carcinoma Cells Mediated via Apoptosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun-Lan Li

    Full Text Available Hedyotis Diffusa Willd, used in Traditional Chinese Medicine, is a treatment for various diseases including cancer, owing to its mild effectiveness and low toxicity. The aim of this study was to identify the main anticancer components in Hedyotis Diffusa Willd, and explore mechanisms underlying their activity. Hedyotis Diffusa Willd was extracted and fractionated using ethyl acetate to obtain the H-Ethyl acetate fraction, which showed higher anticancer activity than the other fractions obtained against HepG2 cells with sulforhodamine B assays. The active component of the H-Ethyl acetate fraction was identified to be 1,3-dihydroxy-2-methylanthraquinone (DMQ with much high inhibitory rate up to 48.9 ± 3.3% and selectivity rate up to 9.4 ± 4.5 folds (p<0.01 at 125 μmol/L. HepG2 cells treated with the fraction and DMQ visualized morphologically using light and fluorescence microscopy. Annexin V--fluorescein isothiocyanate / propidium iodide staining flow cytometry, DNA ladder and cell cycle distribution assays. Mechanistic studies showed up-regulation of caspase-3, -8, and -9 proteases activities (p<0.001, indicating involvement of mitochondrial apoptotic and death receptor pathways. Further studies revealed that reactive oxygen species in DMQ and the fraction treated HepG2 cells increased (p<0.01 while mitochondrial membrane potential reduced significantly (p<0.001 compared to the control by flow cytometry assays. Western blot analysis showed that Bax, p53, Fas, FasL, p21 and cytoplasmic cytochrome C were up-regulated (p<0.01, while Bcl-2, mitochondrial cytochrome C, cyclin E and CDK 2 were down-regulated dose-dependently (p<0.01. The reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction showed that mRNA expressions of p53 and Bax increased (p<0.001 while that of Bcl-2 decreased (p<0.001. Pre-treatment with caspase-8 inhibitor Z-IETD-FMK, or caspase-9 inhibitor Z-LEHD-FMK, attenuated the growth-inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing effects of DMQ and the

  14. Avaliação qualitativa e quantitativa da deposição de calda de pulverização em Commelina diffusa Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of spray deposition of Commelina diffusa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.C.P. Rodrigues-Costa

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se neste trabalho avaliar a quantidade e qualidade da deposição da calda de pulverização em plantas de Commelina diffusa, considerando volumes de aplicação, pontas de pulverização e o ângulo dos bicos na barra de pulverização. Foram utilizadas cinco hastes de plantas por vaso. O delineamento experimental adotado foi o inteiramente casualizado, com 20 repetições. O experimento foi realizado em casa de vegetação, e a aplicação da calda foi efetuada após 40 dias do transplantio das hastes, quando estavam com 30 a 40 cm de comprimento (em pleno desenvolvimento. Foram avaliadas cinco pontas de pulverização: TX-VK 6 (100 L ha-1, TX-VK 8 (200 L ha-1, XR 11001 VS (100 L ha-1, XR 11002 VS (200 L ha¹ e TJ60 11002 VS (100 e 200 L ha-1, as quais foram testadas com diferentes ângulos de aplicação (0º e +30º, exceto a TJ60 11002 VS. Foi utilizado como traçador o corante Azul Brilhante FDC-1 na concentração de 500 ppm, na determinação da deposição da calda de pulverização. Imediatamente após a aplicação, 20 hastes foram coletadas e, em seguida, lavadas em 100 mL de água destilada, para posterior quantificação do traçador em espectrofotômetro. Os dados foram transformados em valores de depósitos por grama de massa seca e ajustados à curva de regressão pelo modelo de Gompertz. Independentemente da ponta utilizada, o volume de 200 L ha-1 proporcionou os maiores depósitos nas plantas, destacando-se a ponta TJ60. A ponta XR 11001 VS (100 L ha-1 proporcionou a melhor uniformidade quando se utilizou o ângulo de +30º.The objective of this study was to evaluate the quantity and quality of spray deposition in Commelina diffusa plants, considering application volume, spray nozzles and the angle of the bar of the spray nozzles. Five stems of plants/pot were planted. The experimental treatments were set up on a randomized design with twenty replications. The experiment was carried out under greenhouse conditions

  15. Ethanol Extract of Hedyotis diffusa Willd Affects Immune Responses in Normal Balb/c Mice In Vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Yu-Jui; Lin, Jing-Pin; Hsiao, Yung-Ting; Chou, Guan-Ling; Tsai, Yu-Hsiang; Chiang, Su-Yin; Lin, Jaung-Geng; Chung, Jing-Gung

    2015-01-01

    Numerous clinical anticancer drugs are obtained from natural plants and Hedyotis diffusa Willd (EEHDW) has been used as a major component in Traditional Chinese medicine formulas since a long time. Ethanol extracts of EEHDW have been shown to possess various biological activities including anticancer function in vitro. Our earlier studies have shown that EEHDW affects immune responses in WEHI-3-generated leukemia mice, but EEHDW has not been reported to affect immune responses in a normal mouse model. Herein, we investigated whether EEHDW could affect immune responses on normal murine cells in vivo. Normal BALB/c mice were orally treated with or without EEHDW at 0, 16, 32, and 64 mg/kg or 32 mg/kg by i.p. for 3 weeks, then were weighed, and blood, liver and spleen samples were collected for further experiments. Results indicated that EEHDW did not significantly affect body and liver weight but significantly increased the spleen weight by i.p. treatment when compared to control groups. Flow cytometric assays indicated that EEHDW promoted CD11b levels at 16, 32 and 64 mg/kg oral treatment, CD19 levels at 16, 32, 64 mg/kg oral treatment and i.p. treatment, and Mac-3 levels at 16, 32 and 64 mg/kg oral treatment, however, it did not significantly affect the levels of CD3. Oral treatment with 16 and 32 mg/kg of EEHDW significantly decreased macrophage phagocytosis from PBMC; 32 mg/kg of EEHDW by i.p. treatment significantly increased phagocytosis activity of macrophages obtain from the peritoneal cavity. EEHDW at 32 mg/kg by i.p. treatment led to an increase of NK cell activities compared to oil control groups. EEHDW at 32 mg/kg of EEHDW by i.p. treatment increased B- and T-cell proliferation. Based on these observations, EEHDW seems to have promoted immune responses in this murine model. PMID:26130790

  16. Chemical constituents from Hedyotis diffusa%白花蛇舌草化学成分研究(Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄卫华; 李友宾; 蒋建勤

    2009-01-01

    目的:研究白花蛇舌草Hedyotis diffusa的化学成分.方法:各种色谱方法进行分离纯化,理化性质和光谱数据鉴定结构.结果:报道从白花蛇舌草全草中分离得到另外8个化合物,其结构分别为:6-羟基豆甾4,22-二烯-3-酮(1),3-羟基豆甾-5,22-二烯-7-酮(2),2-甲基-3-甲氧基蒽醌(3),2,6-二羟基4-甲氧基-3-甲基蒽醌(4),异高山黄芩素(5),2',4',5',5,7-五羟基黄酮(6),七叶内酯(7),丝石竹酸(8).结论:除化合物4外,其余化合物均为首次从该属植物中分离得到.%Objective: To investigate the chemical constituents from Hedyotis diffusa. Method; The compounds were isolated and purified by various chromatographic techniques and identified by their physicochemical properties and spectral data. Result; Eight compounds had been reported in last paper,and this time eight more compounds were isolated and identified as 6-hydroxystigmasta-4,22-dien-3-one (1), 3-hydroxystigmasta-4, 22-dien-7-one (2), 2-hydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone (3), 2, 6-dihydroxy-3-methyl-4-methoxyanthraquinone (4) , iso-scutellarein (5) , isoetin (6) , aesculetin (7) , gypsogenic acid (8). Conclusion; Compounds 1-3,5-8 were obtained from the genus Hedyotis for the first time.

  17. Action of Hedyotis Diffusa and Its Effective Components for the Treatment of Cancer%白花蛇舌草及其有效组分对癌症的治疗作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全淅强

    2011-01-01

    摘要:目的:探讨白花蛇舌草及其有效组分对癌症的治疗作用。方法:介绍白花蛇舌草的主要功用及抗肿瘤机制,及白花蛇舌草各种剂型治疗癌症的临床疗效。结果:白花蛇舌草能治疗热毒聚结类疾病、湿热疾病和肿瘤。结论:白花蛇舌草及其有效组分治疗癌症的临床疗效明显,不良反应少。%Objective:To investigate the therapeutic action of Hedyotis diffusa and its effective components in the treatment of cancer. Methods: The main actions and anti-tumor mechanism were introduced and clinical efficacy of various formulations of Hedyotis diffusa in the treatment of cancer was discussed. Results: Hedyotis diffusa can treat toxic-heat coalescence diseases, heat-dampness diseases and cancer. Conclusion: Hedyotis diffusa and its effective components have significant clinical efficacy in treating cancer with less adverse reactions.

  18. Bioecological features and corrective properties of Achillea filipendulina Lam., Calendula officinalis L. and Hypericum perforatum L.

    OpenAIRE

    Elshan Shamilov; Asim Abdullayev; Ibragim Azizov; Sitara Mustafaeva; Sevil Zeynalova

    2013-01-01

    The study is devoted to investigations on bioecological features and corrective properties of two species from the family Asteraceae Dumort. (Achillea filipendulina Lam. and Calendula officinalisL.) and one species from the family Hypericaceae Juss. (Hypericum perforatumL.) which are growing in the flora of Azerbaijan. It has revealed that the extract obtained from the collection of these plants shows corrective influence.

  19. Antibacterial activity of methanol extract of Ruta chalapensis (L), Quercus infectoria (Oliver) and Canthium parviflorum (Lam)

    OpenAIRE

    Priya, P. Sathiya; Sasikumar, J. M.; Gowsigan, G.

    2009-01-01

    The present study aimed at evaluating the antibacterial activity of methanol extract of Ruta chalapensis, L., (Rutaceae), Quercus infectoria Oliver., (Fagaceae) and Canthium parviflorum Lam., (Rubiaceae) against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella oxytocoa, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis. The experiment was carried out using disc diffusion method. The results revealed that the methanol extract of aerial parts of Ruta chalepensis (L) pr...

  20. Evaluating educational media using traditional folk songs ('lam') in Laos: a health message combined with oral tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Itsuko; Kobayashi, Toshio; Sapkota, Sabitri; Akkhavong, Kongsap

    2012-03-01

    In the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Laos), health education is clearly a core aspect of the health service and is vital in improving people's lives through good health. However, there are many obstacles to conducting effective health education. The development of effective educational media is one solution to these problems. In Laos, traditional folk songs (lam) are preserved as part of the local communication media, and recently this communication medium has been used for health education. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of educational media using lam. For this purpose, we conducted focus group discussions with 48 participants. The reactions of the participants towards a lam, developed for preventing HIV/AIDS, were analysed using the KJ (Kawakita Jiro) method. The analysis showed there were eight areas of concern: (1) interest in a lam talking about HIV/AIDS; (2) knowledge and perception related to HIV infection routes; (3) expressing a willingness for preventing HIV/AIDS; (4) togetherness with people living with HIV/AIDS; (5) HIV/AIDS education for children; (6) improving educational methods; (7) characteristics and effectiveness of the lam and (8) song preferences. The reactions of the participants, such as gaining knowledge and expressing individual attitudes and community actions for preventing HIV/AIDS, were promoted by the characteristics and effectiveness of the lam such as oral tradition, artistry and cultural values. In particular, the oral tradition represented by lam is useful for the Lao people in memorizing and communicating information. PMID:22100506

  1. Effects of Hedyotis Diffusa Continuous Cropping on the Number of Edaphon%白花蛇舌草连作对土壤微生物数量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭林秀; 张瑜; 谈献和

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE With soils from the field which has been planted no hedyotis diffusa , planted hedyotis diffusa once and planted hedyotis diffusa twice as the objects of study, this paper aims to analyze the effects of hedyotis diffusa continuous copping on the soil nutrient and the number of edaphon. METHODS The number of bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes in soils were assayed with nutrient agar medium, rose Bengal agar medium and Gause's agar medium respectively. RESULTS The planting of Hedyotis diffusa increased the number of edaphon in soil, especially in rhizosphere, and showed rhizosphere effect. However, continuous cropping of Hedyotis diffusa decreased the number of bacteria and actinomycetes in soil, while increased the number of fungi. CONCLUSION Hedyotis diffusa continuous cropping affects the balance of microbial community structure in soil.%目的 以未栽培白花蛇舌草、栽培一茬白花蛇舌草和栽培二茬白花蛇舌草大田土壤为研究对象,分析白花蛇舌草的连作对土壤养分和微生物数量的影响.方法 用营养琼脂培养基、孟加拉红琼脂培养基和高氏一号琼脂培养基分别测定土壤中细菌、真菌、放线菌的数量.结果 白花蛇舌草种植后土壤酸度增强;有机质含量无显著变化;土壤中微生物总数增加,其中白花蛇舌草根际处的增加更为明显,表现出根际效应;连作导致土壤中细菌、放线菌数量减少,真菌数量增加.结论 白花蛇舌草连作对土壤养分含量无显著影响,但对土壤酸度和微生物群落结构有较显著影响.

  2. Optimization of Extraction Process of Flavonoids from Hedyotis diffusa and Identification of Its Structure%白花蛇舌草中黄酮提取工艺的优化及其结构鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彩霞; 蔡定建; 方文英

    2011-01-01

    [目的]采用微波辅助提取白花蛇舌草(Hedyotis diffusa)中的黄酮类化合物,并优化其提取工艺,对提取物的化学结构进行鉴定,为白花蛇舌草药用价值的进一步开发提供参考.[方法]用正交试验优化白花蛇舌草黄酮类化合物的最佳提取工艺条件,通过紫外光谱、红外光谱等对提取物的化学结构进行表征.[结果]影响黄酮提取率的因素主次顺序为:提取温度>乙醇浓度>提取时间>料液比;最佳提取工艺为:乙醇浓度为80%,提取时间为40 min,料液比为1∶40,提取温度为80 ℃,在此条件下白花蛇舌草中黄酮的提取率达2.86%.白花蛇舌草的黄酮类化合物主要成分为黄酮醇类.[结论]该研究为白花蛇舌草药用价值的进一步开发提供了参考.%[ Objective ] To optimize the extraction process of flavonoids from Hedyotis diffusa and identify its structure, so as to provide reference for the further development of the medicinal value of Hedyotis diffusa. [ Method] By employing single factor test and orthogonal test, the extraction process of flavonoids from Hedyoti. diffusa was opitimized. Its chemical structure was identified by UV and IR analysis. [ Result]The influencing order of each factor on the yield of flavonoids was determined to be extraction temperature > concentration of ethanol > extraction duration > solid to liquid ratio, and the optimal extraction conditions were as follows:80% of ethanol concentration, 40 min of extraction duration, 1: 40 of solid to liquid ratio and 80 ℃ of extraction temperature. The yield of flavonoids from Hedyotis diffusa was up to 2. 86% under the optimum extraction conditions. The flavonoids from Hedyotis diffusa were rich in tlavonol. [ Conclusion] The study provides reference for the further development of the medicinal value of Hedyotis diffusa.

  3. Hedyotis diffusa Willd Inhibits Colorectal Cancer Growth in Vivo via Inhibition of STAT3 Signaling Pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Peng

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3, a common oncogenic mediator, is constitutively activated in many types of human cancers; therefore it is a major focus in the development of novel anti-cancer agents. Hedyotis diffusa Willd has been used as a major component in several Chinese medicine formulas for the clinical treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC. However, the precise mechanism of its anti-tumor activity remains largely unclear. Using a CRC mouse xenograft model, in the present study we evaluated the effect of the ethanol extract of Hedyotis diffusa Willd (EEHDW on tumor growth in vivo and investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that EEHDW reduced tumor volume and tumor weight, but had no effect on body weight gain in CRC mice, demonstrating that EEHDW can inhibit CRC growth in vivo without apparent adverse effect. In addition, EEHDW treatment suppressed STAT3 phosphorylation in tumor tissues, which in turn resulted in the promotion of cancer cell apoptosis and inhibition of proliferation. Moreover, EEHDW treatment altered the expression pattern of several important target genes of the STAT3 signaling pathway, i.e., decreased expression of Cyclin D1, CDK4 and Bcl-2 as well as up-regulated p21 and Bax. These results suggest that suppression of the STAT3 pathway might be one of the mechanisms by which EEHDW treats colorectal cancer.

  4. Hedyotis diffusa Combined with Scutellaria barbata Are the Core Treatment of Chinese Herbal Medicine Used for Breast Cancer Patients: A Population-Based Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan-Chieh Yeh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM, which is the most common type of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM used in Taiwan, is increasingly used to treat patients with breast cancer. However, large-scale studies on the patterns of TCM prescriptions for breast cancer are still lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the core treatment of TCM prescriptions used for breast cancer recorded in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. TCM visits made for breast cancer in 2008 were identified using ICD-9 codes. The prescriptions obtained at these TCM visits were evaluated using association rule mining to evaluate the combinations of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM used to treat breast cancer patients. A total of 37,176 prescriptions were made for 4,436 outpatients with breast cancer. Association rule mining and network analysis identified Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata as the most common duplex medicinal (10.9% used for the core treatment of breast cancer. Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San (19.6% and Hedyotis diffusa (41.9% were the most commonly prescribed herbal formula (HF and single herb (SH, respectively. Only 35% of the commonly used CHM had been studied for efficacy. More clinical trials are needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of these CHM used to treat breast cancer.

  5. Hedyotis diffusa Combined with Scutellaria barbata Are the Core Treatment of Chinese Herbal Medicine Used for Breast Cancer Patients: A Population-Based Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Yuan-Chieh; Chen, Hsing-Yu; Yang, Sien-Hung; Lin, Yi-Hsien; Chiu, Jen-Hwey; Lin, Yi-Hsuan; Chen, Jiun-Liang

    2014-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which is the most common type of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) used in Taiwan, is increasingly used to treat patients with breast cancer. However, large-scale studies on the patterns of TCM prescriptions for breast cancer are still lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the core treatment of TCM prescriptions used for breast cancer recorded in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. TCM visits made for breast cancer in 2008 were identified using ICD-9 codes. The prescriptions obtained at these TCM visits were evaluated using association rule mining to evaluate the combinations of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) used to treat breast cancer patients. A total of 37,176 prescriptions were made for 4,436 outpatients with breast cancer. Association rule mining and network analysis identified Hedyotis diffusa plus Scutellaria barbata as the most common duplex medicinal (10.9%) used for the core treatment of breast cancer. Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San (19.6%) and Hedyotis diffusa (41.9%) were the most commonly prescribed herbal formula (HF) and single herb (SH), respectively. Only 35% of the commonly used CHM had been studied for efficacy. More clinical trials are needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of these CHM used to treat breast cancer. PMID:24734104

  6. Laser-assisted Microdissection (LAM) as a Tool for Transcriptional Profiling of Individual Cell Types.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florez Rueda, Ana Marcela; Grossniklaus, Ueli; Schmidt, Anja

    2016-01-01

    The understanding of developmental processes at the molecular level requires insights into transcriptional regulation, and thus the transcriptome, at the level of individual cell types. While the methods described here are generally applicable to a wide range of species and cell types, our research focuses on plant reproduction. Plant cultivation and seed production is of crucial importance for human and animal nutrition. A detailed understanding of the regulatory networks that govern the formation of the reproductive lineage (germline) and ultimately of seeds is a precondition for the targeted manipulation of plant reproduction. In particular, the engineering of apomixis (asexual reproduction through seeds) into crop plants promises great improvements, as it leads to the formation of clonal seeds that are genetically identical to the mother plant. Consequently, the cell types of the female germline are of major importance for the understanding and engineering of apomixis. However, as the corresponding cells are deeply embedded within the floral tissues, they are very difficult to access for experimental analyses, including cell-type specific transcriptomics. To overcome this limitation, sections of individual cells can be isolated by laser-assisted microdissection (LAM). While LAM in combination with transcriptional profiling allows the identification of genes and pathways active in any cell type with high specificity, establishing a suitable protocol can be challenging. Specifically, the quality of RNA obtained after LAM can be compromised, especially when small, single cells are targeted. To circumvent this problem, we have established a workflow for LAM that reproducibly results in high RNA quality that is well suitable for transcriptomics, as exemplified here by the isolation of cells of the female germline in apomictic Boechera. In this protocol, procedures are described for tissue preparation and LAM, also with regard to RNA extraction and quality control

  7. 白花蛇舌草弱极性和中等极性组分HPLC指纹谱分析%HPLC Fingerprinting Analysis of Minor Polar and Middle Polar Components from Hedyotis diffusa Willd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田宝勇; 李存满; 王文淑

    2013-01-01

    The analytical method was established to investigate the minor polar and middle polar components from Hedyotis diffusa Willd.The similarity and cluster analysis methods were applied to study the HPLC fingerprint of the minor polar and middle polar components of Hedyotis diffusa Willd.and its substitutes for quality control from different places.The obvious effect of hierarchical clustering has been obtained by HPLC fingerprint analysis with the minor polar and middle polar extracts of Hedyotis diffusa Willd.from different places including reference herb.And its substitutes from different places have favorable hierarchical clustering.The components from its substitutes differ greatly with those of Hedyotis diffusa Willd..Therefore,the diversities of the minor polar and middle polar components of Hedyotis diffusa Willd.from different places were observed using the similarity and cluster analysis methods.%建立了白花蛇舌草药材弱极性和中等极性组分HPLC特征指纹图谱的分析方法,通过相似度和聚类分析,对不同产地、正伪品种进行了质量评价.结果表明,白花蛇舌草样品同一产地化学组成相似,具有一定的地域性,伪品水线草化学组成与其相差甚远.因此,采用相似度和聚类分析能够反映出白花蛇舌草药材弱极性和中等极性组分具有地域性差异,为白花蛇舌草药材产地选择及质量控制提供依据.

  8. Morphology and anatomy of leaf miners in two species of Commelinaceae (Commelina diffusa Burm. f. and Floscopa glabrata (Kunth Hassk Morfologia e anatomia de minas foliares em duas espécies de Commelinaceae Commelina diffusa Burm. f. e Floscopa glabrata (Kunth Hassk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Maria Elb

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available In specialized literature, reports on anatomy of miners in host plants are few in number. These agents trigger excavations, or paths, by consumption of plant inner tissues by larvae of several insects. The aim of this work was to investigate leaf miner occurrence in Commelina diffusa (a cosmopolitan plant and Floscopa glabrata (an amphibious plant using anatomical techniques. The place where the plants were collected is subjected to seasonal floods, consequently both the species were exposed to the same weather conditions and seasonal floods. This study showed that members of Agromyzidae and Chironomidae families, which are Diptera endophytophagous larvae types, were responsible for the tunnels. Moreover, in Commelina diffusa Agromyzidae larvae were found, while in Floscopa glabrata three Chironomidae cephalic exuviae were found. The miners, as can be seen from anatomical studies, used only mesophyll parenchyma tissues for feeding, causing the formation of linear mines. In addition, in both the species, the epidermis and the medium-sized vascular units were kept intact, showing no structural modification, such as neoformation of tissues.Existem poucos relatos na literatura sobre anatomia de plantas parasitadas por agentes minadores, os quais promovem escavações ou caminhos através do consumo dos tecidos internos das plantas por larvas de diversos insetos. A proposta deste trabalho foi analisar anatomicamente a ocorrência de minas foliares em Commelina diffusa (planta cosmopolita e Floscopa glabrata (planta anfíbia causadas por espécies de larvas endofitófagas de dípteros, pertencentes a duas famílias: Agromyzidae e Chironomidae. O local onde as plantas foram coletas está sujeito a inundações sazonais, e as duas espécies foram submetidas às mesmas condições climáticas. Em Commelina diffusa foram encontradas larvas da família Agromyzidae e, em Floscopa glabrata observaram-se três exuvias cefálicas de Chironomidae. Os dados anat

  9. Invitro and Invivo anticancer activity of Ethanolic extract of Canthium Parviflorum Lam on DLA and Hela cell lines

    OpenAIRE

    Purushoth Prabhu T; Selvakumari.S; Panneerselvam P; Sivaraman.D

    2011-01-01

    Background: Wild Jessamine, Canthium Parviflorum Lam, ( fam: Rubiaceae) is traditionally used for snake bite in some villages in shimoga district of Karnataka. Canthium Species are used in the treatment of tumor, cough, astringent and anthlementic. Objective: In this study, invitro and invivo anticancer activity of crude ethanolic extracts from the leaves of Canthium Parviflorum Lam was investigated Method: The invitro anticancer activity was measured by MTT assay and Exclusion method. The in...

  10. Application of instrumental neutron activation analysis for study on stone artefacts in Lam Ha'sites of Lam Dong province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, 55 samples of stone artifacts at some prehistory monuments in Lam Ha District. The concentration of 24 elements: Al, V, Mn, Cl, Na, K, As, La, Sm, Sc, Cr, Fe, Co, Rb, Sb, Cs, Ce, Nd, Eu, Tb, Yb, Hf, Ta, Th in these stone artifacts were analyzed by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The element concentration of the stone samples were processed by statistical methods (including summary statistic and Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Mahalanobis Distance (MD). Results showed that the concentration of the samples in these sites are similar and the sources of stone artefacts come from the locally rock sources. (author)

  11. Research Progress in Active Constituents of Polysaccharides and Flavones from Herba Hedyotis Diffusae%白花蛇舌草活性成分多糖与黄酮研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    逯双; 杨培民; 曹广尚

    2016-01-01

    Herba Hedyotis Diffusae has many kinds of pharmacological activities such as anti-tumor, antioxidant, immune regulation and so on. This article collected and reported the related literature at home and abroad in recent years, found that pharmacological active ingredients of Herba Hedyotis Diffusae show consistency of polysaccharides and flavonoids to varying degrees, and summarized the pharmacological effects and extraction and purification process. The author believed that, the study about Herba Hedyotis Diffusae has made relatively great achievements, but the research mainly focused on polysaccharides or flavonoids, and efficacy of Herba Hedyotis Diffusae was not in enough in-depth exploration. The indicator of extraction and purification process is relatively single. This study estimated the mechanism of Herba Hedyotis Diffusae from the aspects of absorption and metabolism of intestinal flora and relationship between medicine structure and exert efficacy, hoping to optimize the extracting processes by multiple indexes, and provided references for further exploitation and utilization of Herba Hedyotis Diffusae.%白花蛇舌草具有抗肿瘤、抗氧化、免疫调节等多种药理活性。本文通过收集整理近年来国内外相关文献,发现其发挥药效的主要活性成分多糖及黄酮具有不同程度的一致性,并对二者活性成分的药理作用、提取纯化工艺进行归纳总结。尽管迄今对白花蛇舌草黄酮和多糖药效及提取研究已取得一定成果,但多以黄酮或多糖单一成分作为研究对象,对白花蛇舌草发挥药效的机理探索尚不够深入,对其成分的提取纯化工艺指标较为单一。本文结合肠道菌群的吸收代谢、药物结构与发挥药效的关系多角度推测其作用机制,展望以多指标提取工艺进行优化,为进一步开发利用白花蛇舌草提供参考。

  12. 不同来源白花蛇舌草注射液过敏反应比较研究%Comparison of allergic reactions of different Hedyotis diffusa Willd injection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘骅

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the allergic reactions of Hedyotis diffusa Willd injection, to compare the allergic reaction with respect to different Hedyotis diffusa Willd injections produced by different factories and to evaluate the qualities of them. Methods Experimental animals were divided into negative control group, positive control group (egg albumin) ,and Hedyotis diffusa Willd injections groups. The allergic reactions caused by Hedyotis diffusa Willd injections were studied by active systemic anaphylaxis (ASA) test and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis( PCA) test. Results ASA tests were negative and PCA tests were negative on samples from A and C factory. PCA tests were positive on two samples from B factory, the rest of samples'tests were negative. Conclusions It showed the responses to Hedyotis diffusa Willd injections produced by different factories were different. The content of Tannin may be associated with adverse effects of Hedyotis diffusa Willd injections in PCA test.%目的 研究白花蛇舌草注射液的致敏性并比较不同来源白花蛇舌草注射液过敏反应的差别,遴选优质药品.方法 将实验动物分为阴性对照组、阳性对照组(卵清蛋白)、白花蛇舌草注射液组,通过豚鼠主动全身过敏反应(ASA)试验和大鼠皮肤被动过敏反应(PCA)试验对白花蛇舌草注射液的致敏性进行研究.结果 A厂家和C厂家ASA试验和PCA试验均为阴性,B厂家除两批样品PCA试验为阳性外,其余样品ASA试验和PCA试验为阴性.结论 不同厂家生产的白花蛇舌草注射液由于生产条件不同等原因,其过敏反应存在差别,其鞣质的含量可能与PCA有关.

  13. Antisickling properties of divanilloylquinic acids isolated from Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam. (Rutaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouattara, B; Jansen, O; Angenot, L; Guissou, I P; Frédérich, M; Fondu, P; Tits, M

    2009-03-01

    Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam. (syn. Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides) (Rutaceae) is the most cited Fagara species for the treatment and the prevention of sickle cell disease crisis. Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a public health problem in many countries particularly in Africa. The present study was designed to evaluate the antisickling properties of three isomeric divanilloylquinic acids (3,4-O-divanilloylquinic acid or burkinabin A; 3,5-O-divanilloylquinic acid or burkinabin B and 4,5-O-divanilloylquinic acid or burkinabin C) identified previously by LC/MS/NMR analysis in the root bark of F. zanthoxyloides [Ouattara et al., 2004. LC/MS/NMR analysis of isomeric divanilloylquinic acids from the root bark of Fagara zanthoxyloides Lam. Phytochemistry 65, 1145-1151]. The three isomers showed interesting antisickling properties which increased from burkinabins A to C. PMID:19110407

  14. Lunar digital elevation model and elevation distribution model based on Chang’E-1 LAM data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    More than 8.2 million effective data samples were obtained by the Chang’E-1 Laser Altimeter (LAM).In order to produce a global topographic model of the moon with improved accuracy,a hierarchical many-knot spline method was proposed in this paper.This algorithm makes use of a hierarchy of control lattices to approximate or interpolate the LAM data.Based on the proposed algorithm,a 0.0625°×0.0625° grid of global lunar DEM was obtained and it was compared with ULCN2005,CLTMs01 and Kaguya models,respectively.At the same time,this paper explored the elevation distribution law and established the elevation distribution model.It is shown that the global lunar and nearside elevation distribution is positively skewed and leptokurtic normal distribution,and the farside elevation distribution is a positively skewed and platykurtic normal distribution.

  15. Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Etanol Biji Kelor (Moringaoleifera Lam.) terhadap Bakteri Staphylococcus aureus dan Escherichia coli

    OpenAIRE

    Manurung, Putri Mariana

    2016-01-01

    Kelor, Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae) is a highly valued plant for whole body, because it has a high nutritional value. Moringa seeds contain bioactive compounds rhamnosyloxy - benzyl - isothiocyanate , which is able to neutralize the particles of mud as well, so it could potentially be used as a natural coagulant to clean water . Its ability to precipitate many metal ions dissolved and harmful bacteria such as Escherichia coli , and Salmonella typymurium Streptocoocus faecalis . This...

  16. Preliminary Assessment of the Chemical Stability of Dried Extracts from Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (Sterculiaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Gisely C.; Renata Longhini; dos Santos, Paulo Victor P.; Araújo, Adriano A. S.; Marcos Luciano Bruschi; Mello, João Carlos P

    2012-01-01

    We report the results of a preliminary estimation of the stability of the dried extract from bark of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (“Mutamba”), with and without added colloidal silicon dioxide (CSD). The physical and chemical properties and the compatibility of CSD in the extract were evaluated for 21 days of storage under stress conditions of temperature (45 ± 2◦C) and humidity (75 ± 5%). Thermogravimetry (TG) was supplemented using selective high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for det...

  17. Bioecological features and corrective properties of Achillea filipendulina Lam., Calendula officinalis L. and Hypericum perforatum L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elshan Shamilov

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The study is devoted to investigations on bioecological features and corrective properties of two species from the family Asteraceae Dumort. (Achillea filipendulina Lam. and Calendula officinalisL. and one species from the family Hypericaceae Juss. (Hypericum perforatumL. which are growing in the flora of Azerbaijan. It has revealed that the extract obtained from the collection of these plants shows corrective influence.

  18. Ecological Study, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. in Golestan province (Deraznoo Mountain, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazandarani Masoumeh

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Many of Ziziphora species have been used in traditional medicine in North of Iran. This work was determined on ecological requirements, antioxidant and antibacterial activity of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. from Bovanloo region, Iran. Materials and Methods: Aerial parts of plant in blooming were collected from Deraznoo mountain (2500 m in August 2013, ecological and traditional data were recorded. The aqueous and methanol extracts were isolated by maceration, antioxidant capacity were measured by total antioxidant capacity (TAC, reducing power (RP and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH in comparison with butylated hydroxy toluene (BHT and butylated hydroxyanisole BHA antioxidant standard and then their antibacterial activity were studied in vitro against 9 gram positive and negative bacteria by using well method and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC assay. Results: Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. (Z. clinopodioides Lam often grows in sunny environment in Deraznoo mountain (2500 m, with annual rainfall of 334 mm and annual temperature of 10.3°C in temperate cold climate and sandy loam soil with Ec = 0.6 and pH = 6.9. It has been used by the rural people as an antispasm, anti-inflammatory, antifungal , anti-infective, sedative and expectorant agent to treat cold, flu, diarrhea, gasterointestinal disorder and stomach ache. The ethanol extract of plant had high antioxidant activity with IC50 values (32.5 ± 0.4 μg/ml especially in DPPH assay and exhibited good antibacterial activity on Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus cereus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa with IZ (28.1 ± 0.5, 24.8 ± 0.1, 19.4 ± 1.1 and 14.8 ± 1 mm, respectively with high MIC value of 14.5 μg/ml, respectively. Conclusion: The methanol extract of Z. clinopodioides Lam. have suitable antibacterial and antioxidant activity which can be used as natural anti-infective agent to treat many infectious diseases.

  19. Preliminary assessment of the chemical stability of dried extracts from Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (Sterculiaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Gisely C.; Longhini, Renata; dos Santos, Paulo Victor P.; Araújo, Adriano A. S.; Bruschi, Marcos Luciano; João Carlos P. Mello

    2012-01-01

    We report the results of a preliminary estimation of the stability of the dried extract from bark of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (“Mutamba”), with and without added colloidal silicon dioxide (CSD). The physical and chemical properties and the compatibility of CSD in the extract were evaluated for 21 days of storage under stress conditions of temperature (45 ± 2°C) and humidity (75 ± 5%). Thermogravimetry (TG) was supplemented using selective high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for determ...

  20. Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae) grown in Nigeria: In vitro antisickling activity on deoxygenated erythrocyte cells

    OpenAIRE

    Adejumo, Olufunmilayo E.; Adelodun L Kolapo; Folarin, Akintomiwa O.

    2012-01-01

    Context: Traditional medicine, which is more available and affordable for the poor uses medicinal plants for the treatment and management of various ailments, including the sickle cell disease (SCD). About 24 million Nigerians are carriers of this sickled cell gene, while approximately 2.4 million are SCD patients. Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae) possesses high nutritional value and has been used in folklore medicine to treat various ailments related to pain and inflammation. Chemical, ph...

  1. Anti-fungal activity of crude extracts and essential oil of Moringa oleifera Lam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuang, Ping-Hsien; Lee, Chi-Wei; Chou, Jia-Ying; Murugan, M; Shieh, Bor-Jinn; Chen, Hueih-Min

    2007-01-01

    Investigations were carried out to evaluate the therapeutic properties of the seeds and leaves of Moringa oleifera Lam as herbal medicines. Ethanol extracts showed anti-fungal activities in vitro against dermatophytes such as Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Epidermophyton floccosum, and Microsporum canis. GC-MS analysis of the chemical composition of the essential oil from leaves showed a total of 44 compounds. Isolated extracts could be of use for the future development of anti-skin disease agents. PMID:16406607

  2. DIFFERENT SUBSTRATA EFFECTS IN THE GERMINATION OF Ochroma pyramidale (CAV. EX LAM.) URB. (BOMBACACEAE)

    OpenAIRE

    Fabrízia de Oliveira Alvino; Breno Pinto Rayol

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this paper was to analyze the effect of different substrata in the germination of Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urb. (Bombacaceae). The experiment was conducted in delineation randomized with three treatments (substratum) and four repetitions of 25 seeds. The following substrata had been tested: sand + vermiculite (1:1); vermiculite and, sand + shavings (1:1). The effect of substrata through the percentage of germination of the seeds, average time of germination and index...

  3. In Vitro Wound Healing Potential and Identification of Bioactive Compounds from Moringa oleifera Lam

    OpenAIRE

    Abubakar Amali Muhammad; Nur Aimi Syarina Pauzi; Palanisamy Arulselvan; Faridah Abas; Sharida Fakurazi

    2013-01-01

    Moringa oleifera Lam. (M. oleifera) from the monogeneric family Moringaceae is found in tropical and subtropical countries. The present study was aimed at exploring the in vitro wound healing potential of M. oleifera and identification of active compounds that may be responsible for its wound healing action. The study included cell viability, proliferation, and wound scratch test assays. Different solvent crude extracts were screened, and the most active crude extract was further subjected to...

  4. Bacteriophage lambda receptor site on the Escherichia coli K-12 LamB protein.

    OpenAIRE

    Gehring, K; Charbit, A; Brissaud, E; Hofnung, M

    1987-01-01

    We have analyzed eight new phage-resistant missense mutations in lamB. These mutations identify five new amino acid residues essential for phage lambda adsorption. Two mutations at positions 245 and 382 affect residues which were previously identified, but lead to different amino acid changes. Three mutations at residues 163, 164, and 250 enlarge and confirm previously proposed phage receptor sites. Two different mutations at residue 259 and one at 18 alter residues previously suggested as fa...

  5. PHARMACOGNOSTICAL EVALUATION OF FRUITS OF MALLOTUS PHILIPPENENSIS (LAM). MUELL- ARG (EUPHORBIACEAE)

    OpenAIRE

    Kadam Prasad Vijay; Bhingare Chandrashekhar Laxman; Soni Surajkumar Bansilal; Rathi Sandesh Ashok; Patil Manohar Janardhan

    2013-01-01

    Correct identification of starting material is necessary to ensure the quality of herbal medicines. Pharmacognostic evaluation is first step towards establishing identity and purity of crude drug. With this aim the present paper deals with study of pharmacognostic and physicochemical characteristics of fruits of Mallotus philippinensis (lam) Muell. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae). The powder of Mallotus philippinensis was used for detection of various chemical constituents. The transverse section and th...

  6. Comparative Study of Erythrina indica Lam. (Febaceae) Leaves Extracts for Antioxidant Activity

    OpenAIRE

    Sakat, SS; Juvekar, AR

    2010-01-01

    The present study was designed to investigate the antioxidant activity of aqueous and methanol extracts of Erythrina indica Lam leaves by in vitro methods viz. 1, 1-Diphenyl-2-Picrylhydrazyl, nitric oxide radical scavenging activity, and inhibition of lipid peroxidation by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) method on isolated rat liver tissues. Quantitative analysis of antioxidative components like total amount of phenolics, flavonoids, and flavonols were estimated using the spec...

  7. Antibacterial activity of methanol extract of Ruta chalapensis (L), Quercus infectoria (Oliver) and Canthium parviflorum (Lam).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priya, P Sathiya; Sasikumar, J M; Gowsigan, G

    2009-10-01

    The present study aimed at evaluating the antibacterial activity of methanol extract of Ruta chalapensis, L., (Rutaceae), Quercus infectoria Oliver., (Fagaceae) and Canthium parviflorum Lam., (Rubiaceae) against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella oxytocoa, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis. The experiment was carried out using disc diffusion method. The results revealed that the methanol extract of aerial parts of Ruta chalepensis (L) presented the highest zone of inhibition against tested pathogens. Other plants showed significant zone of inhibition. PMID:22557348

  8. Proton induced X-ray emission (PIXE) technique for determining multi-element composition of transformed hairy root cultures of Boerhaavia diffusa L. An important medicinal herb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Therapeutically important inorganic elements in Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated genetically transformed hairy root cultures (HRCs) of a pharmaceutically significant herb Boerhaavia diffusa were quantified using proton induced X-ray emission technique. This was compared with that of roots from the naturally grown donor plant. Two macro-elements (Ca and K) and eight different trace elements namely V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Cu Zn, and Ni were detected and their content was determined. In HRCs of a transformed rhizoclone, calcium and potassium had values which were significantly higher than that of in vivo roots. The concentrations of several trace elements, which are known to have a positive implication in human healthcare, were found to be either comparable (Fe) to that in the natural root samples or higher (Mn, Zn, Cr, Cu, Co) in the transformed rhizoclone. The genetically transformed HRCs can thus serve as a fast-proliferating renewable resource of medicinally useful minerals targeting specific diseases. (author)

  9. [Isolation of chemical constituents from Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. with recycling preparative high performance liquid chromatography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Guozhu; Meng, Qingyan; Luo, Bi; Ge, Zhenghong; Liu, Wenjie

    2015-01-01

    The combination of alternate recycling and direct recycling preparative liquid chromatography method was developed for the isolation of chemical constituents from Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. The crude extract was obtained from Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. by solvent extraction, column chromatography and reversed-phase (RP) flash chromatography. All the separations were performed with methanol and water as mobile phases and the developed recycling preparative method was used with twin RP columns switched by a two-position ten-way valve for the separation. The mobile phase was recycled in close loop with a two-position six-way valve. The fraction I and fraction II from reversed-phase flash chromatography were selected for the demonstration of separation power of the proposed protocol, and five compounds were obtained from Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. The isolated five compounds were identified as pinocembrin-7-O-rutinoside, pinocembrin-7-O-rutinoside, acacetin-7-O-rutinoside, picein and protocatechuic acid with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The experimental results showed that the developed preparation method exhibited higher separation efficiency with less mobile phase used than the reported methods, and could be expected as an effective method for the separation of complex natural products, especially the compounds with similar structures. PMID:25958674

  10. INTEGRATING LMSs IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS:Greek Teachers’ Initial Perceptions about LAMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spyros PAPADAKIS,

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available E-learning with the use of Learning Management Systems, has been increasingly adopted in Primary, Secondary and Higher Education with the expectation to increase students’ motivation and infuse activity-centred learning strategies with various educational benefits. This study has investigated the initial perceptions of Greek teachers about the integration of LAMS, a Learning Activity Management System, in the educational praxis. Through a multifaceted research method, involving a small scale participatory action research, the research team attempted to investigate the preconditions required to integrate LAMS in the everyday lesson. Two tutorial workshops were organized with the participation of 46 educators from geographically diverse urban areas, from K-12 to Tertiary Education. Results indicated that teachers have developed a positive attitude towards LAMS and the use of collaborative online tools during the educational process. Although teachers have certain objections on integrating LMSs, which stem mainly from the current status of the Greek educational system, they accept relative advantages of integrating online collaborative approaches over the traditional face-to-face approach. Well-organized and carefully implemented tutorial workshops can spark teachers’ interest and bring about change in the educational process. Small scale interventions such as these can prove to foster dialogue among teachers of various backgrounds and set the foundations to create online communities of practice for innovative teachers.

  11. Interaction of Bacteriophage l with Its E. coli Receptor, LamB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujoy Chatterjee

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The initial step of viral infection is the binding of a virus onto the host cell surface. This first viral-host interaction would determine subsequent infection steps and the fate of the entire infection process. A basic understating of the underlining mechanism of initial virus-host binding is a prerequisite for establishing the nature of viral infection. Bacteriophage λ and its host Escherichia coli serve as an excellent paradigm for this purpose. λ phages bind to specific receptors, LamB, on the host cell surface during the infection process. The interaction of bacteriophage λ with the LamB receptor has been the topic of many studies, resulting in wealth of information on the structure, biochemical properties and molecular biology of this system. Recently, imaging studies using fluorescently labeled phages and its receptor unveil the role of spatiotemporal dynamics and divulge the importance of stochasticity from hidden variables in the infection outcomes. The scope of this article is to review the present state of research on the interaction of bacteriophage λ and its E. coli receptor, LamB.

  12. Differentially methylated obligatory epialleles modulate context-dependent LAM gene expression in the honeybee Apis mellifera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wedd, Laura; Kucharski, Robert; Maleszka, Ryszard

    2016-01-01

    Differential intragenic methylation in social insects has been hailed as a prime mover of environmentally driven organismal plasticity and even as evidence for genomic imprinting. However, very little experimental work has been done to test these ideas and to prove the validity of such claims. Here we analyze in detail differentially methylated obligatory epialleles of a conserved gene encoding lysosomal α-mannosidase (AmLAM) in the honeybee. We combined genotyping of progenies derived from colonies founded by single drone inseminated queens, ultra-deep allele-specific bisulfite DNA sequencing, and gene expression to reveal how sequence variants, DNA methylation, and transcription interrelate. We show that both methylated and non-methylated states of AmLAM follow Mendelian inheritance patterns and are strongly influenced by polymorphic changes in DNA. Increased methylation of a given allele correlates with higher levels of context-dependent AmLAM expression and appears to affect the transcription of an antisense long noncoding RNA. No evidence of allelic imbalance or imprinting involved in this process has been found. Our data suggest that by generating alternate methylation states that affect gene expression, sequence variants provide organisms with a high level of epigenetic flexibility that can be used to select appropriate responses in various contexts. This study represents the first effort to integrate DNA sequence variants, gene expression, and methylation in a social insect to advance our understanding of their relationships in the context of causality. PMID:26507253

  13. 白花蛇舌草中槲皮素和山柰素的含量测定%Determination of Quercetin and Kaempferol In Hedyotis diffusa Willd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨琴; 耿秋霞; 郦红岩; 魏福荣

    2012-01-01

    目的 建立高效液相色谱法测定白花蛇舌草中槲皮素和山柰素的含量测定方法.方法 色谱柱:Kromasil C18(5 μm,250×4.6 mm);流动相:甲醇-0.4%磷酸溶液(60∶40);检测波长:360 nm,柱温:30℃.结果 槲皮素和山柰素的回收率分别为100.5%、101.2%;线性范围分别为0.0324~0.810 μg、0.0395~0.948 μg.结论 结果准确,重复性好,可用于该产品的质量控制.%Objective To establish an HPLC method for the determination of Quercetin and Kaempferol in Hedyotis diffusa Willd.Metbods HPLC was used to quantitative analysis. The Kromasil CI8 column(5μm,250 × 4.6mm) was used,and mobile phase was composed of methanol-0.4%H3PO4/Water (60:40) . Detection wavelength was at 360 nm at 30℃. Results The Quercetin and Kaempferol's spotting recovery were 100.5%、 101.2%. Linear range of methods were 0.032 4~0.8 l0μg. 0.039 5~0.948μg,respectively.Conclusion The result was accurate and the reproducibility was good. The method could be used for quality control of Hedyotis diffusa Willd.

  14. Hedyotis diffusa Willd overcomes 5-fluorouracil resistance in human colorectal cancer HCT-8/5-FU cells by downregulating the expression of P-glycoprotein and ATP-binding casette subfamily G member 2

    OpenAIRE

    LI, QIONGYU; Wang, Xiangfeng; SHEN, ALING; Zhang, Yuchen; Chen, Youqin; Sferra, Thomas J.; LIN, JIUMAO; Peng, Jun

    2015-01-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated that Hedyotis diffusa Willd (HDW), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, exhibits potent anticancer activity in models of colorectal cancer (CRC). Aggressive forms of CRC exhibit resistance to widely used chemotherapeutic drugs, including the antimetabolite, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU); however, less is known with regard to the activity of HDW against 5-FU-resistant cancer. In the present study, the mechanism of action and the potency of ethanol extracts of HDW (...

  15. GC-MS结合保留指数分析白花蛇舌草挥发性成分%GC-MS Combined with Kovats Index Analysis for Volatile Compounds in Hedyoti diffusae

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帅; 杨文文; 胡金芳; 吕青涛; 容蓉; 蒋海强; 巩丽丽

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To analyze the volatile compounds in Hedyoti diffusae. Method; Volatile components in H. diffusae were analyzed and identified by GC-MS combined with Kovats retention index by steam distillation. Result; 55 compounds in H. diffusae were detected by GC-MS and 29 compounds were identified by MS combined with Kovats retention index. Conclusion: GC-MS combined with Kovats retention index by steam distillation is a simple, rapid and accurate way for the analysis of volatile compounds in H. diffuspe.%目的:分析白花蛇舌草中的挥发性成分.方法:采用水蒸气蒸馏法提取白花蛇舌草全草的挥发性成分,GC-MS结合保留指数进行分析鉴定.结果:采用GC-MS分析,检出55个组分;MS结合保留指数定性,鉴定出其中29个成分.结论:该方法分析白花蛇舌草中挥发性成分,更准确、简单、快速并节省药材.

  16. Purification and characterization of a trypsin inhibitor from the seeds of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyu, Junchen; Liu, Yuan; An, Tianchen; Liu, Yujun; Wang, Manchuriga; Song, Yanting; Zheng, Feifei; Wu, Dan; Zhang, Yingxia; Deng, Shiming

    2015-05-01

    A proteinaceous inhibitor against trypsin was isolated from the seeds of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. by successive ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion-exchange, and gel-filtration chromatography. The trypsin inhibitor, named as AHLTI (A. heterophyllus Lam. trypsin inhibitor), consisted of a single polypeptide chain with a molecular weight of 28.5 kDa, which was confirmed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and gel-filtration chromatography. The N-terminal sequence of AHLTI was DEPPSELDAS, which showed no similarity to other known trypsin inhibitor sequence. AHLTI completely inhibited bovine trypsin at a molar ratio of 1:2 (AHLTI:trypsin) analyzed by native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, inhibition activity assay, and gel-filtration chromatography. Moreover, kinetic enzymatic studies were carried out to understand the inhibition mechanism of AHLTI against trypsin. Results showed that AHLTI was a competitive inhibitor with an equilibrium dissociation constant (Ki) of 3.7 × 10(-8) M. However, AHLTI showed weak inhibitory activity toward chymotrypsin and elastase. AHLTI was stable over a broad range of pH 4-8 and temperature 20-80°C. The reduction agent, dithiothreitol, had no obvious effect on AHLTI. The trypsin inhibition assays of AHLTI toward digestive enzymes from insect pest guts in vitro demonstrated that AHLTI was effective against enzymes from Locusta migratoria manilensis (Meyen). These results suggested that AHLTI might be a novel trypsin inhibitor from A. heterophyllus Lam. belonging to Kunitz family, and play an important role in protecting from insect pest. PMID:25851516

  17. Anthelmintic effects of Salix babylonica L. and Leucaena leucocephala Lam. extracts in growing lambs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Pablo Mejia; Salem, Abdelfattah Z M; Elghandour, Mona M M Y; Cipriano-Salazar, Moisés; Cruz-Lagunas, Blas; Camacho, Luis Miguel

    2014-01-01

    Twenty Katahdin × Pelibuey crossbreed male lambs, 3 to 4 months of age and 24 ± 0.3 kg of body weight, were used to study the anthelmintic effects of administering extracts of Salix babylonica L. (SB) and Leucaena leucocephala Lam. (LL). Lambs had not been treated with anthelmintics previously and were randomly allocated into four groups of five lambs each in a completely randomized design. Treatments were as follows: control (lambs fed on total mixed ration without extracts), SB (as control plus S. babylonica L. extract at 30 ml/day), LL (as control plus L. leucocephala Lam. extract at 30 ml/day), and SBLL (as control plus 30 ml/day of S. babylonica L. and L. leucocephala Lam. extracts in a 1:1 (v/v) mixture) for 63 days. Extracts were orally administered before the 8:00 a.m. feeding to each lamb. Rectal fecal samples were collected from each lamb at day 22 (P1), day 43 (P2), and day 63 (P3) of the experiment. Adult worm and egg counts were determined in each fecal sample immediately after collection. Plant secondary metabolites of total phenolics, saponins, and the aqueous fraction were 50 % lower in the SB versus LL extracts. Overall, the oral administration of extracts has improved the egg and worm count reductions in lamb feces by 54, 47, and 40 % for LL, SB, and SBLL, respectively, versus the control lambs. Reductions of worm egg counts in lamb feces were higher (P < 0.05) in P2 and P3 versus P1. Extracts of SB and LL or possibly isolated bioactive compounds could be a promising alternative to conventional anthelmintics to treat gastrointestinal parasites of small ruminants. Such treatments could be used in control strategies against gastrointestinal nematodes in organic and conventional production systems. PMID:24077919

  18. Design of Automatic Audit System of Medical Expenses Based on LAM/MPI Parallel Computing%基于LAM/MPI并行运算技术实现医疗费用自动审核的系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏

    2010-01-01

    基于LAM/MPI并行运算技术,本文提出实现对医疗费用明细进行自动审核的系统设计.通过LAM/MPI的并行运算集群与Oracle底层OCI的直接交互访问,对药品明细进行计算审核,剔除违规药品,可以减少人工审核的工作量并提高管理效率.

  19. Quantitative and Qualitative analysis of Phenolic and Flavonoid content in Moringa oleifera Lam and Ocimum tenuiflorum L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangeeta Sankhalkar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Number of secondary compounds is produced by plants as natural antioxidants. Moringa oleifera Lam. and Ocimum tenuiflorum L. are known for their wide applications in food and pharmaceutical industry. Objective: To compare phenolic and flavonoid content in M. oleifera Lam and O. tenuiflorum L. by quantitative and qualitative analysis. Materials and Methods: Phenolic and flavonoid content were studied spectrophotometrically and by paper chromatography in M. oleifera Lam. and O. tenuiflorum L. Results: Higher phenolic and flavonoid content were observed in Moringa leaf and flower. Ocimum flower showed higher phenolic content and low flavonoid in comparison to Moringa. Flavonoids such as biflavonyl, flavones, glycosylflavones, and kaempferol were identified by paper chromatography. Phytochemical analysis for flavonoid, tannins, saponins, alkaloids, reducing sugars, and anthraquinones were tested positive for Moringa and Ocimum leaf as well as flower. Conclusions: In the present study higher phenolic and flavonoid content, indicated the natural antioxidant nature of Moringa and Ocimum signifying their medicinal importance.

  20. Evaluation of the process of coagulation/flocculation of produced water using Moringa oleifera Lam. as natural coagulant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santana, C.R.; Pereira, D.F.; Sousa, S.C S N.; Silva, G.F. [Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFSE), Sao Cristovao, SE (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Quimica], e-mail: claudia@ufs.br; Cavalcanti, E.B. [Universidade Tiradentes (UNIT), SE (Brazil). Inst. de Tecnologia e Pesquisa

    2010-07-15

    In the lifetime of an oil well, there comes a moment when a lot of water begins to be produced along with oil, either by the conditions of the reservoir, or as a result of water injection in the secondary recovery of the well. An important step in such process involves the treatment of the produced water by means of coagulation techniques. Therefore, the use of environmentally correct coagulants is presented as a viable alternative and has demonstrated advantages over the use of chemical coagulants. The plant of the genus Moringa, whose species is oleifera Lam, stands out as one of the most promising natural coagulants. The present study investigated the evaluation of the coagulation/flocculation of produced water, using seeds of Moringa oleifera Lam. as coagulant. The results were very significant, demonstrating that Moringa oleifera Lam. can be used as a natural coagulant in this type of treatment. (author)

  1. Efficient Design for the Implementation of Wong-Lam Multicast Authentication Protocol Using Two-Levels of Parallelism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghada F. Elkabbany

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Group communication can benefit from Internet Protocol (IP multicast protocol to achieve efficient exchange of messages. However, IP multicast does not provide any mechanisms for authentication. In literature, many solutions to solve this problem were presented. It has been shown that Wong and Lam protocol is the only protocol that can resist both packet loss and pollution attacks. In contrast, it has high computation and communication overheads. In the present paper, an efficient design for the implementation of Wong and Lam multicast authentication protocol is proposed. In order to solve the computation overhead problem, we use two-levels of parallelism. To reduce the communication overhead, we use Universal Message Authentication Codes (UMAC instead of hash functions. The design is analyzed for both NTRU and elliptic curve cryptography signature algorithms. The analysis shows that the proposed design decreases significantly the execution time of Wong-Lam protocol which makes it suitable for real-time applications.

  2. Formulasi Bedak Kompak Menggunakan Ekstrak Buah Merah (pandanus conoideus lam.) Sebagai Pewarna

    OpenAIRE

    Berhitu, Maria Renata

    2016-01-01

    Compact powder is widely used types of cosmetic and powder color is an factor that affects consumer acceptance of the product. Pandanus conoideus Lam known as red fruit of Papua has a attractive red color, can be used as natural dyes because contain carotenoids. The purpose of this study was to formulate a powder compact by using dyes of red fruit extracts. The extraction of the dye from the red fruit was done by maceration using ethanol 96%, and then extract concentrated by rotary evapora...

  3. Induction of anthocyanins accumulation by methyl jasmonate in shoots of Crassula multicava Lam.

    OpenAIRE

    Marian Saniewski; Marcin Harbowicz; Jerzy Puchalski

    2012-01-01

    In Crassula multicava Lam. anthocyanins are formed naturally mostly in the stem near nodes and only traces in other parts of internodes. Methyl jasmonate (JA-Me) applied in lanolin paste at concentrations of 0.05, 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0% on the middle part of internodes greatly stimulated anthocyanins accumulation in the internodes and in the nodes of Crassula multicava. The stimulatory effect was higher in younger tissues of the Crassula multicava stem than in older ones, and depends on the u...

  4. Induction of anthocyanins accumulation by methyl jasmonate in shoots of Crassula multicava Lam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Saniewski

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In Crassula multicava Lam. anthocyanins are formed naturally mostly in the stem near nodes and only traces in other parts of internodes. Methyl jasmonate (JA-Me applied in lanolin paste at concentrations of 0.05, 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0% on the middle part of internodes greatly stimulated anthocyanins accumulation in the internodes and in the nodes of Crassula multicava. The stimulatory effect was higher in younger tissues of the Crassula multicava stem than in older ones, and depends on the used concentration of JA-Me. The possible role of jasmonates on anthocyanins formation in Crassula multicava is discussed.

  5. Identificación de potivirus presentes en plantas de lulo (solanum quitoense lam)

    OpenAIRE

    Vaca, J.; Torres, I.; Peñaranda, J.; F. Aristizábal

    2011-01-01

    El lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam.), siendo una planta nativa de la región andina con gran potencial comercial, aún está en proceso de domesticación y presenta problemas fitosanitarios de importancia. La enfermedad del Amarillamiento de la hoja que causa pérdidas importantes fue descrita por Zuluaga (1996); de acuerdo con su sintomatología (enanismo, muestras de patrones de amarillamiento o de mosaico en hojas, las que a su vez sufren enrollamientos de los bordes hacia la parte baja), se atribuí...

  6. NGRI LAM-MC-ICPMS National Facility: reproducibility of Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A laboratory facility was established at the NGRI, primarily to support research in Isotope Geochemistry and Geochronology. Central to this facility are a Multiple Collector-Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (MC-ICPMS: Nu Plasma HR, Nu Instruments, UK) and a 213 nm Nd-YAG UV Laser Ablation Microprobe (LAM: UP-213, New Wave Research, USA) and a clean chemistry laboratory for dissolution and chromatographic extraction of a range of elements. This article presents a summary of the accuracy and precision of MC-ICPMS Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic measurements (solution mode) on Standard Reference Materials: SRM-987, JNdi and JMC-475 respectively, measured between October 2007 and August 2009

  7. Firewood yields of individual trees of Guazuma Ulmifolia Lam. In Pastures in Hojancha Guanacaste - Costa Rica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salazar, R.; Rose, D.

    1984-12-01

    Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (guacimo), because of its wide distribution, easy handling, and high firewood quality, is a promising native species for firewood production in the wet and dry regions of Central America. It is possible to make an accurate estimate of the firewood weight of the crown of a guacimo tree that has been periodically harvested, using regression models based on basal diameter of the branches and diameter at breast height crown diameter and age. Several firewood weight tables were developed which can be used to make estimates for periodically harvested individual trees growing in pastures.

  8. Evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of ethanolic extract of Cananga odorata Lam in experimental animals

    OpenAIRE

    Maniyar, Yasmeen A; C. H. Janaki Devi

    2015-01-01

    Background: The current study evaluates the anti-inflammatory activity of ethanolic extract of Cananga odorata Lam (EECO) in experimental animals. Methods: Acute toxicity test was done following OECD guidelines. Carrageenan induced paw edema method in Wistar Albino rats were used in this study. Aspirin in the dose of 300 mg/kg was used as the standard drug and three doses of EECO (100 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg b.w. p.o) were used as the test drug. The results were measured at 1st hr, ...

  9. 白花蛇舌草多糖的抗氧化活性研究%Antioxidant Activity of Polysaccharide from Hedyotis diffusa Willd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋剑平; 徐敏; 卢烨琳; 林圣云

    2012-01-01

    目的:评价白花蛇舌草多糖的体外抗氧化能力.方法:以热水回流提取法(料水比1∶31.26,84.71℃下提取2.07h,提取2次)从白花蛇舌草(HDW)提取的多糖为材料,通过1,1-二苯基-2苦肼基自由基(DPPH)清除率、总的抗氧化活性和还原能力测定等体外抗氧化试验来评价白花蛇舌草多糖的体外抗氧化能力.结果:白花蛇舌草多糖清除DPPH自由基、总的抗氧化活性和还原能力均随多糖浓度的增加而上升;1mg/mL的多糖对DPPH自由基的清除率高达82.66%;1 mg/mL多糖的总的抗氧化活性在695nm下吸光值为1.641;1 mg/mL多糖的还原能力在700nm下吸光值为0.773.结论:白花蛇舌草多糖有较强的抗氧化能力,对体外自由基有较好的清除作用.%[Objective] To evaluate the aclivity of polysacrharide extracted from Hedyotis diffusa Willd. In vitro. [Methods] Hedyotis diffusa Willd. Polysacchride( HDP) , extracted with water at 84. 71℃ for 2.07 h with Hedyotis diffusa Willd. To water ratio of 1:31.26.used as experimental material for antioxidant activity study. The antioxidant activity of polysaccharide in vitro was evaluated by the methods of scavenging DPPH radical, OR AC assay and reducing power. [ Re-sults]The results showed that the scavenging capacity of DFPH, the total antioxidant capacity and reducing power increased with the increasing concentration nf HDP. Lmg/mL concentration of HDP had as high as 82.66% scavenging ratio of DPPH, absorbance at 695nm of the total antioxidant capacity was 1.641 and at 700nm of reducing power was 0.773, when the concentration nf HDP was lmg/mL. [ Conclusion] from the results it could be concluded that HDP had strong antioxidant capacity to have free radical scavenged in vitro.

  10. Interaction of human laminin receptor with Sup35, the [PSI⁺] prion-forming protein from S. cerevisiae: a yeast model for studies of LamR interactions with amyloidogenic proteins.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Pampeno

    Full Text Available The laminin receptor (LamR is a cell surface receptor for extracellular matrix laminin, whereas the same protein within the cell interacts with ribosomes, nuclear proteins and cytoskeletal fibers. LamR has been shown to be a receptor for several bacteria and viruses. Furthermore, LamR interacts with both cellular and infectious forms of the prion protein, PrP(C and PrP(Sc. Indeed, LamR is a receptor for PrP(C. Whether LamR interacts with PrP(Sc exclusively in a capacity of the PrP receptor, or LamR specifically recognizes prion determinants of PrP(Sc, is unclear. In order to explore whether LamR has a propensity to interact with prions and amyloids, we examined LamR interaction with the yeast prion-forming protein, Sup35. Sup35 is a translation termination factor with no homology or functional relationship to PrP. Plasmids expressing LamR or LamR fused with the green fluorescent protein (GFP were transformed into yeast strain variants differing by the presence or absence of the prion conformation of Sup35, respectively [PSI⁺] and [psi⁻]. Analyses by immunoprecipitation, centrifugal fractionation and fluorescent microscopy reveal interaction between LamR and Sup35 in [PSI⁺] strains. The presence of [PSI⁺] promotes LamR co-precipitation with Sup35 as well as LamR aggregation. In [PSI⁺] cells, LamR tagged with GFP or mCherry forms bright fluorescent aggregates that co-localize with visible [PSI⁺] foci. The yeast prion model will facilitate studying the interaction of LamR with amyloidogenic prions in a safe and easily manipulated system that may lead to a better understanding and treatment of amyloid diseases.

  11. Chemical and biomolecular characterization of Artemisia umbelliformis Lam., an important ingredient of the alpine liqueur "Genepi".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubiolo, Patrizia; Matteodo, Maura; Bicchi, Carlo; Appendino, Giovanni; Gnavi, Giorgio; Bertea, Cinzia; Maffei, Massimo

    2009-05-13

    Artemisia umbelliformis Lam., an important alpine plant used for the preparation of flavored beverages, showed a remarkable intraspecific variability, at both genomic and gene product (secondary metabolites) levels. The variability of A. umbelliformis Lam. currently cultivated in Piedmont (Italy, Au1) and in Switzerland (Au2) was investigated by combining the chemical analysis of essential oil and sesquiterpene lactones and the molecular characterization of the 5S-rRNA-NTS gene by PCR and PCR-RFLP. Marked differences were observed between the two plants. Au1 essential oil contained alpha- and beta-thujones as the main components, whereas Au2 contained 1,8-cineole, borneol, and beta-pinene. Au1 sesquiterpene lactone fractions contained cis-8-eudesmanolide derivatives and Au2 the trans-6-germacranolide costunolide. Specific A. umbelliformis Au1 and Au2 primers were designed on the sequence of the 5S-rRNA gene spacer region. Furthermore, a PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method was applied using RsaI and TaqI restriction enzymes. Chemical and biomolecular data contributed to the characterization of A. umbeliformis chemotypes. PMID:19326948

  12. Total polyphenolic (flavonoids content and antioxidant capacity of different Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. extracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuge Tian

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This paper investigates the total polyphenolic and flavonoid content as well as the antioxidant activity of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. extracts of different polarity. Materials and Methods: The total polyphenolic content was analysed using the Folin-Ciocalteu method. Total flavonoid content analysis was performed using the colorimetric method. Results: The total polyphenolic content of Z. clinopodioides is concentrated in parts of ethyl acetate (19.27%, chloroform (4.99% and n-butanol extracts (3.94% containing a small amount of the total polyphenolic content. The petroleum ether (0.23% and ethanol extracts (1.64% contain almost no polyphenolic content. The total flavonoid content of Z. clinopodioides is concentrated in parts of ethyl acetate (65.61%, chloroform (14.36% and n-butanol extracts (10.76% containing a small amount of the total polyphenolic content. The Z. clinopodioides Lam. ethyl acetate extract exhibits a good antioxidant activity. Conclusion: Ethyl acetate extracts contain a large number of polyphenolic compounds (19.27% and flavonoids (65.61% owing to good antioxidant capacity.

  13. Effect of different growth stages of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. on its chemical composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenhuan Ding

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: The aim of this study is to monitor the changes in the chemical composition of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. throughout nine different growth stages. Materials and Methods: Volatile components such as essential oils were analyzed using the gas chromatography (GC and GC-mass spectrometry, and the contents of non-volatile components were determined by a visible spectrophotometer. Results: Hydro-distilled essential oil content ranged from a minimum of 1.1% (in the post-flowering stage to a maximum of 1.8% (in the flowering stage. The essential oils included pulegone, which was the most abundant component (77.48-87.3%, p-menthanone (2.79-12.39%, trans-isopulegone (1.04-2.06%, d-limonene (0.51-3.03% and eucarvone (1.5-4.48%. The contents of non-volatile components, such as that of total phenolics (TPC, total flavonoids (TFC, total triterpenoids content (TTC and total free amino acids content (TFAAC were measured using visible spectrophotometry. In the growing stage, TPC, TFC, TTC and TFAAC were 9.91-12.80 mg/g, 29.84-50.63 mg/g, 0.57-1.41 mg/g and 13.33-28.56 mg/g, respectively. Conclusion: These data can be used as a basis to determine the optimal harvest time of Z. clinopodioide Lam.

  14. Identication of potivirus present in lulo (solanum quitoense lam Identificación de potivirus presentes en plantas de lulo (solanum quitoense lam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peñaranda J.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available The Solanaceous fruit Solanum quitoense Lam, is originally from Andean región of South America. This fruit has commercial prospective. The Leaf Yellowing Disease in Lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam was first described by Zuluaga in 1991. It causes economically losses and has been associated with a virus attack. The disease's symptoms included stunting, yellow streaking or mosaic patterns in leaves, often with a curling of the leaf margins. In order to diagnostic the presence of virus, we applied two different strategies. The first one consisted of a modified technique of RNA double strand isolation (Morris and Dodds, 1979. The second one consisted on applying RT-PCR system using specific "primers" designed to amplify cDNA fragments spaning the 3'-terminal part of the Nlb cistron and the 5'-terminal part of the potyvirus CP cistron (Langeveld et al 1991. By applying the modified method of Morris and Dodds, it was possible to observe characteristic bands of double strand RNA. Amplification with "primers" POT1 and POT2 yielded a fragment of about 1 Kpb, whose length was in agreement with the known sequences of potyvirus. Here we report by the first time a potyvirus presence in Lulo plants affected with leaf yellowing disease, identified by dsRNA analysis and RT-PCR procedure.El lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam., siendo una planta nativa de la región andina con gran potencial comercial, aún está en proceso de domesticación y presenta problemas fitosanitarios de importancia. La enfermedad del Amarillamiento de la hoja que causa pérdidas importantes fue descrita por Zuluaga (1996; de acuerdo con su sintomatología (enanismo, muestras de patrones de amarillamiento o de mosaico en hojas, las que a su vez sufren enrollamientos de los bordes hacia la parte baja, se atribuía a la acción de un virus no identificado. Dada la especificidad mostrada por los virus y la semejanza de la enfermedad con la causada por potivirus en otras solanáceas, se planteó que

  15. 白花蛇舌草的组织培养和植株再生%Tissue Culture and Plantlet Regeneration of Hedyotis diffusa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国平; 杨鹭生

    2002-01-01

    @@ 1 植物名称白花蛇舌草(Hedyotis diffusa). 2 材料类别带顶芽或腋芽的茎段,取自本校花圃. 3 培养条件诱导培养基:(1)MS+NAA 0.2 mg*L-1(单位下同)+6-BA 2.0;(2)MS+NAA 0.5+6-BA 2.0;(3)MS+NAA 1.0+6-BA 2.0;(4)MS+NAA 2.0+6-BA 2.0;(5)MS+NAA 2.0+6-BA 1.0;(6)MS+NAA 2.0+6-BA 0.5;(7)MS+NAA 2.0+6-BA 0.2.丛生芽增殖培养基:(8)MS+6-BA 3.0+NAA 0.1.壮苗培养基:(9)MS+6-BA 2.0+IBA 0.5.生根培养基(10)1/2MS+NAA 0.5.以上培养基均附加蔗糖30 g*L-1,琼脂7 g *L-1,pH 5.8,培养温度(25±2)℃,光照12 h*d-1,光照度1 500~2 000 lx.

  16. Structural Characterization of A Glucan Isolated from Hedyotis diffusa Willd%白花蛇舌草中一葡聚糖的结构鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔健; 王顺春; 施松善; 王峥涛

    2006-01-01

    通过乙醇沉淀、透析、离子交换和凝胶色谱等分离方法,我们从白花蛇舌草中分离得到一种葡聚糖HD-27,ESI-MS检测其分子量为1800.利用化学及光谱分析方法进行结构研究,确定HD-27是由11个葡萄糖残基组成,其结构为α-D-Glc-(1→4)-[α-D-Glc-(1→4)]-9-β-D-Glc.%A natural glucan HD-27 was isolated from Hedyotis diffusa Willd by alcohol precipitation, dialysis, anion-exchange and gel-permeation chromatography, The molecular weight of the glucan was 1800 as determined by ESIMS and showed [α]D20+165.5°(c0.50,H2O). Its structure was investigated by a combination of sugar composition analysis, methylation analysis, NaIO4 oxidation, and IR and NMR spectroscopy. The results showed HD-27 contained 11 glucose residues, which mainly composed of α-D-(1→4)-glucose with one β configuration reduced terminal residue.

  17. Extract of Hedyotis diffusa Willd influences murine leukemia WEHI-3 cells in vivo as well as promoting T- and B-cell proliferation in leukemic mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chin-Chung; Kuo, Chao-Lin; Lee, Mau-Hva; Hsu, Shu-Chun; Huang, An-Cheng; Tang, Nou-Ying; Lin, Jing-Pin; Yang, Jai-Sing; Lu, Chi-Cheng; Chiang, Jo-Hua; Chueh, Fu-Shin; Chung, Jing-Gung

    2011-01-01

    Medicinal plants and herbs are widely used in the treatment of various types of cancer in Taiwan, China and many other countries. Hedyotis diffusa Willd (HDW) has been known as a traditional Chinese medicine for a long time, and possesses various bioactivities and anticancer activity. There is no available information on the effects of HDW extracts in leukemic mice and on immune responses in vivo. In this study, we established murine WEHI-3 leukemia in BALB/c mice and hypothesized that an aqueous HDW extract might have antileukemia effects on leukemic animals in vivo. The major characteristic of leukemic mice was an enlarged spleen after intraperitoneal injection with WEHI-3 cells. HDW extract reduced the weights of spleen and liver, but had no significant effect on body weight in WEHI-3 leukemic mice. HDW extract increased the percentage of CD11b cell surface marker (monocytes), but it reduced the percentage of CD3 (T-cell) and CD19 (B-cell) markers. However, HDW extract did not affect the level of Mac-3 and there was no influence on phagocytosis by macrophages from peripheral blood mononuclear cells and the peritoneal cavity in leukemic mice. The isolated splenocytes from HDW extract-treated leukemic mice demonstrated an increase of T- and B-cell proliferation in vivo. Based on these results, HDW extract would appear to have antileukemia activity in WEHI-3 cell-induced leukemia in vivo. PMID:21709007

  18. Comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography tandem diode array detector (DAD) and accurate mass QTOF-MS for the analysis of flavonoids and iridoid glycosides in Hedyotis diffusa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Duxin; Schmitz, Oliver J

    2015-01-01

    The analysis of chemical constituents in Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) is a challenge because of numerous compounds with various polarities and functional groups. Liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight (QTOF) mass spectrometry (LC/MS) is of particular interest in the analysis of herbal components. One of the main attributes of QTOF that makes it an attractive analytical technique is its accurate mass measurement for both precursor and product ions. For the separation of CHMs, comprehensive two-dimensional chromatography (LCxLC) provides much higher resolving power than traditional one-dimensional separation. Therefore, a LCxLC-QTOF-MS system was developed and applied to the analysis of flavonoids and iridoid glycosides in aqueous extracts of Hedyotis diffusa (Rubiaceae). Shift gradient was applied in the two-dimensional separation in the LCxLC system to increase the orthogonality and effective peak distribution area of the analysis. Tentative identification of compounds was done by accurate mass interpretation and validation by UV spectrum. A clear classification of flavonol glycosides (FGs), acylated FGs, and iridoid glycosides (IGs) was shown in different regions of the LCxLC contour plot. In total, five FGs, four acylated FGs, and three IGs were tentatively identified. In addition, several novel flavonoids were found, which demonstrates that LCxLC-QTOF-MS detection also has great potential in herbal medicine analysis. PMID:25171829

  19. Evaluation of thin-layer chromatography methods for quality control of commercial products containing Aesculus hippocastanum, Turnera diffusa, Matricaria recutita, Passiflora incarnata, and Tilia occidentalis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez-Durón, Rosalba; Ceniceros-Almaguer, Lucía; Salazar-Aranda, Ricardo; Salazar-Cavazos, Ma de la Luz; Waksman de Torres, Noemi

    2007-01-01

    In Mexico, plant-derived products with health claims are sold as herbal dietary supplements, and there are no rules for their legal quality control. Aesculus hippocastanum, Turnera diffusa, Matricaria recutita, Passiflora incarnata, and Tilia occidentalis are some of the major commercial products obtained from plants used in this region. In this paper, we describe the effectiveness of thin-layer chromatography methods to provide for the quality control of several commercial products containing these plants. Standardized extracts were used. Of the 49 commercial products analyzed, only 32.65% matched the chromatographic characteristic of standardized extracts. A significant number of commercial products did not match their label, indicating a problem resulting from the lack of regulation for these products. The proposed methods are simple, sensitive, and specific and can be used for routine quality control of raw herbals and formulations of the tested plants. The results obtained show the need to develop simple and reliable analytical methods that can be performed in any laboratory for the purpose of quality control of dietary supplements or commercial herbal products sold in Mexico. PMID:17760328

  20. Study on the Microwave-assisted Extraction of Flavonoids from Hedyotis diffusa Willd%微波辅助萃取白花蛇舌草黄酮的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    符稳群; 林雨婷

    2009-01-01

    [Objective] The study aimed to confirm the optimum technology condition for microwave-assisted extraction of flavonoids from Hedyo-tis diffusa Willd. [Method] With H. diffusa sold from Zhangzhou City of Fujian Province as the tested material,the effects of alcohol concn. ,microwave treating time and material-liquid rate on the extraction rate of flavonoids from H. diffusa were investigated through single factor test. And then,the technology condition for microwave-assisted extraction of flavonoids from H. diffusa was optimized by using L_9(3~3) orthogonal test. [Result] The single factor test showed that the optimum alcohol concn. was 60% , the optimum material-liquid rate was 1:30 and the optimum microwave extracting time was 60 s. The orthogonal test showed that the main factor affecting the extraction rate of flavonoids from H. diffusa was alcohol concn. ,followed by material-liquid rate and microwave treating time. Under the middle and lower grade of microwave power,the best extraction condition was follows: alcohol concn. of 60% ,extracting time of 80 s and material-liquid rate of 1:25. Under this condition,the extracting rate of flavonoids was 4.052%. [Conclusion] The microwave-assisted extraction technology could be used in rapidly analyzing the total content of flavonoids compounds from H. diffusa with simple operation.%[目的]确定微波法萃取白花蛇舌草黄酮的最佳工艺条件.[方法]以购自福建省漳州市白花蛇舌草(干燥)为试材,通过单因素试验,探讨乙醇浓度、微波提取时间和料液比对白花蛇舌草黄酮提取率的影响,然后采取L_9(3~3)正交试验,优化微波法萃取白花蛇舌草黄酮的工艺条件.[结果]单因素试验表明,最佳乙醇浓度为60%,最佳料液比为1:30,最佳提取时间为60 s.正交试验表明,影响白花蛇舌草黄酮微波提取的主要因素为乙醇浓度,其次为料液比和微波时间;在微波功率中低档的条件下,最佳提取

  1. Synthesis and maturation of lambda receptor in Escherichia coli K-12: in vivo and in vitro expression of gene lamB under lac promoter control.

    OpenAIRE

    Marchal, C.; Perrin, D; Hedgpeth, J; Hofnung, M

    1980-01-01

    The lambda receptor is an outer membrane protein from Escherichia coli K-12 lamB, its structural gene, is part of the maltose regulon. We have cloned this gene in a phage so that it is under the control of the lac promoter. The phage was devised in such a way that it can infect lamB mutants and that chromosomal lamB mutations can be transferred to it. In vivo, the lambda receptor is expressed under lac promoter control and is exported normally to the outer membrane, independently of the expre...

  2. General method for fine mapping of the Escherichia coli K-12 lamB gene: localization of missense mutations affecting bacteriophage lambda adsorption.

    OpenAIRE

    Hofnung, M; Lepouce, E; Braun-Breton, C

    1981-01-01

    lamB is the structural gene for the bacteriophage lambda receptor, a multifunctional protein located in the outer membrane of Escherichia coli K-12. We present a method for deletion mapping of any lamB mutations with a recognizable pheno-type. This method involves a transducing phage constructed by in vitro recombination which can also be used for complementation, deoxyribonucleic acid sequence, and in vitro protein synthesis studies with the mutated lamB gene. Using this method, we mapped 18...

  3. Experimental Research on Inhabitation Effect of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd on Lewis Lung Canser Spontaneous Metastasis in Mouse%白花蛇舌草抑制Lewis肺癌小鼠自发转移的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洁; 李玉基; 李博

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effect of Hedyotis diffusa on inhibiting Lewis lung spontaneous metastasis in mouse. Methods: To establish the spontaneous metastasis model with subcutaneous injection Lewis lung cancer tumor cell suspension into the C57BL mouse through right axillaries and observe the changes of mouse's weight, solid tumor growth, lung metastasis, and immune organ index. Results: For the mice in Hedyotis diffusa role groups, the quality of mice' life obviously improved; the index of immune organs and the tumor inhibition rate were increased significantly, pulmonary metastasis nodules was significantly reduced compared with the blank group. Conclusion: Hedyotis diffusa has an inhibitory effect on Lewis lung cancer spontaneous metastasis.%目的:观察白花蛇舌草对Lewis肺癌小鼠自发转移的影响.方法:在C57BL小鼠右侧腋下皮下注射接种肺癌Lewis瘤细胞悬液,复制自发转移模型,观察小鼠体重变化、实体瘤生长情况、肺转移瘤生长情况、免疫器官指数等指标变化.结果:白花蛇舌草作用组的小鼠,小鼠生活质量得到明显改善,免疫器官指数、抑瘤率明显增加,肺部转移结节数较空白组明显减少.结论:白花蛇舌草可抑制Lewis肺癌小鼠自发转移.

  4. Effective 2D-RPLC/RPLC enrichment and separation of micro-components from Hedyotis diffusa Willd. and characterization by using ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Cunman; Zhao, Yanyan; Guo, Zhimou; Zhang, Xiuli; Xue, Xingya; Liang, Xinmiao

    2014-10-01

    An effective method aiming at enrichment and analysis of micro-components in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was developed. One fraction (fraction E) from the extract of Hedyotis diffusa Willd. was selected as test sample, which was isolated by using the XAD-4 macroporous resin. To study the micro-components, a two-dimensional reverse-phase liquid chromatography (2D-RPLC/RPLC) method was developed, comprising Click OEG and C18 stationary phases as the first and second dimensions, respectively. Of the eight sub-fractions isolated from the first dimension, three sub-fractions (fractions II-IV) containing micro-components were further separated with the second dimension. The 2D-RPLC/RPLC system was proved to possess high orthogonality. Furthermore, the micro-components were characterized by using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-DAD/Q-TOF MS) with electrospray ionization (ESI) source. With the optimized separation and characterization method, a large number (>400) of micro-components were enriched and detected from the extracts of H. diffusa Willd., the majority of which has not been isolated from the herb before. Among these isolated micro-components, 38 compounds involving 24 phenylpropanoids, 7 flavonoids and 7 iridoid glucosides (IGs), were identified or tentatively identified from the H. diffusa extracts on the basis of spectral data of the authentic standards and the fragmentation characteristics information available in literatures. The proposed method made it possible to effectively screen and analyze the micro-components in TCMs or other complex natural medicines. PMID:25061712

  5. 红蓝光联合白花蛇舌草治疗痤疮66例的临床研究%Clinical research on treating 66 cases of acne with red and blue light plus hedyotis diffusa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小敏; 吴利辉; 杨智花

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To research the clinical efficacy and value on treating acne with red and blue light plus hedyotis diffusa. Methods: 66 patients with acne were randomly divided into three groups, control group one 14 cases given red and blue light therapy, control group two 20 cases given hedyotis diffusa therapy, experimental group 32 cases given red and blue light plus hedyotis diffusa therapy. Efficacy and the adverse reaction of the three groups were observed. Results:After treatment for a period of time, acne patients in three groups had improved, but the best efficacy is the experimental group, the efficiency was 100%, namely P<0.05. Conclusion:Red and blue light plus hedyotis diffusa are effective on treating acne, worthy of a wide clinical application.%目的:研究红蓝光联合白花蛇舌草治疗痤疮的效果及临床价值。方法:把经过筛选的66例痤疮患者分为三组进行不同的治疗,分别为对照1组(红蓝光治疗)14例、对照2组(白花蛇舌草治疗)20例与实验组(红蓝光联合白花蛇舌草治疗)32例。观察三组的治疗效果及产生的不良反应。结果:治疗一段时间后,三组痤疮患者均有一定的改善,但治疗效果最佳的是实验组,有效率100%,即P<0.05。结论:红蓝光治疗联合白花蛇舌草治疗痤疮具有良好临床效果,值得推广。

  6. Sweet Potato [Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam] Yield Influenced by Seedlings and Mulching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Novak

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam] needs a yearly minimum of three month with air temperatures above 15º C for its growth and development. For the purpose of achieving the highest possible sweet potato yield during a relatively short vegetation period in continental part of Croatia, a trial with differently produced seedlings and polyethylene (PE mulch was set up. A trial was set up to study the production of seedlings from dormant sweet potato root sprouts by standard methods, and the most recent method of seedling production in containers, along with testing black PE-fi lm mulched soil, and uncovered soil. The method of seedlings production had significant effect on the yield. Higher mass of marketable roots was achieved by growing seedling with a substrate lump about the root, as compared to the seedlings produced by traditional procedure. Compared to the uncovered soil, a significantly higher yield of marketable roots was obtained with black PE-film mulch.

  7. Biosystematic studies on Enicostema axillare (Lam.) A. Raynal subsp. Axillare (Gentianaceae) in peninsular India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahina, P M; Nampy, Santhosh

    2014-05-01

    The pantropical genus Enicostema (Gentianaceae) has three species and two sub species world over, namely, E. verticillatum (L.) Engl. (America), E. elizabethae Veldkamp (Madagascar) and E. axillare having 3 subsp. viz., subsp. axillare (Lam.) A. Raynal (India), subsp. latilobum (N.E. Br.) A. Raynal (East Africa) and subsp. littorale (Blume) A. Raynal (Indonesia). The present study aims to delimit the Indian taxa based on field and herbarium studies. Comparative morphology is studied using live as well as consulting wide range of specimens housed at various herbaria. The anatomy of leaf, stem, and root is studied using free hand sections and from epidermal peelings. The seed and pollen morphology are studied under SEM. Information on anatomy, palynology and seed micromorphology of E. axillare subsp. axillare is provided for the first time. PMID:26031003

  8. Anti-inflammatory effects ofMorninga oleifera lam extract in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Georgewill OA; Georgewill UO; Nwankwoala RNP

    2010-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the acute and delayed anti-inflammatory effects ofMorning oleifera lam (MOL) crude methanolic extract.Methods: Compared the anti-inflammatory effects of MOL with that of standard anti-inflammatory agents like indomethacin and hydrocortisone using Air Pouch Model.Results: In both acute and delayed inflammation, the MOL extract produced dose dependent anti-inflammatory effect [acute IC50= (399.30 ±5.43) mg/kg; delayed IC50= (510.26±4.53) mg/kg]. The order of anti-inflammatory potency for the three drugs was hydrocortisone> indomethacin > MOL.Conclusions: These observations indicate that MOL possesses potential anti-inflammatory property.

  9. DIFFERENT SUBSTRATA EFFECTS IN THE GERMINATION OF Ochroma pyramidale (CAV. EX LAM. URB. (BOMBACACEAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrízia de Oliveira Alvino

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper was to analyze the effect of different substrata in the germination of Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam. Urb. (Bombacaceae. The experiment was conducted in delineation randomized with three treatments (substratum and four repetitions of 25 seeds. The following substrata had been tested: sand + vermiculite (1:1; vermiculite and, sand + shavings (1:1. The effect of substrata through the percentage of germination of the seeds, average time of germination and index of germination speed (IGS were evaluated. There had been significant difference between the treatments in of all the observed variable. The seeds, when conditioned in vermiculite, had presented the biggest tax of germination, greatest speed and lowest germination time.

  10. High quality reference genome of drumstick tree (Moringa oleifera Lam.), a potential perennial crop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Yang; Zeng, Yan; Zhang, Jing; Yang, ChengGuang; Yan, Liang; Wang, XuanJun; Shi, ChongYing; Xie, Jing; Dai, TianYi; Peng, Lei; Zeng Huan, Yu; Xu, AnNi; Huang, YeWei; Zhang, JiaJin; Ma, Xiao; Dong, Yang; Hao, ShuMei; Sheng, Jun

    2015-07-01

    The drumstick tree (Moringa oleifera Lam.) is a perennial crop that has gained popularity in certain developing countries for its high-nutrition content and adaptability to arid and semi-arid environments. Here we report a high-quality draft genome sequence of M. oleifera. This assembly represents 91.78% of the estimated genome size and contains 19,465 protein-coding genes. Comparative genomic analysis between M. oleifera and related woody plant genomes helps clarify the general evolution of this species, while the identification of several species-specific gene families and positively selected genes in M. oleifera may help identify genes related to M. oleifera's high protein content, fast-growth, heat and stress tolerance. This reference genome greatly extends the basic research on M. oleifera, and may further promote applying genomics to enhanced breeding and improvement of M. oleifera. PMID:26032590

  11. PHARMACOGNOSTICAL EVALUATION OF FRUITS OF MALLOTUS PHILIPPENENSIS (LAM. MUELL- ARG (EUPHORBIACEAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadam Prasad Vijay

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Correct identification of starting material is necessary to ensure the quality of herbal medicines. Pharmacognostic evaluation is first step towards establishing identity and purity of crude drug. With this aim the present paper deals with study of pharmacognostic and physicochemical characteristics of fruits of Mallotus philippinensis (lam Muell. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae. The powder of Mallotus philippinensis was used for detection of various chemical constituents. The transverse section and the powder of fruit were studied for macroscopy, microscopy and physicochemical parameters. Fruit is globose, 3-lobed capsule with abundant orange or reddish glandular granules. The Microscopy showed the presence of epicarp, mesocarp endocarp. The cells also showed the presence of starch. From the pharmacognostical evaluation it was found that the fruit contains alkaloids, saponins, flavanoids etc. Physicochemical parameters were also within the limit. It can be concluded that Pharmacognostic evaluation can serve as tool for developing standards for identification, quality and purity of M. philippinensis.

  12. Isolation and characterization of a flocculating protein from Moringa oleifera Lam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gassenschmidt, U; Jany, K D; Tauscher, B; Niebergall, H

    1995-04-13

    A flocculating protein from the seeds of Moringa oleifera Lam. was isolated by extraction with phosphate buffer followed by cation exchange chromatography. The molecular mass of the protein determined by SDS-PAGE was about 6.5 kDa, the isoelectric point was above pH 10. Amino acid analysis and sequencing showed high contents of glutamine, arginine and proline, and a total of 60 residues. The amino terminus is blocked by pyroglutamate. The flocculant capacity, determined in glass powder suspension, is comparable to that of a cationic polymer on polyacrylamide basis. Flocculation activity may be explained by the patch charge mechanism due to low molecular weight and high charge density. PMID:7727523

  13. Chemical and sensory comparison of fresh and dried lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam.) fruit aroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forero, Diana Paola; Orrego, Carlos Eduardo; Peterson, Devin Grant; Osorio, Coralia

    2015-02-15

    The odour-active volatile compounds of lulo fruit (Solanum quitoense Lam.) were isolated by solvent extraction followed by solvent-assisted flavour evaporation (SAFE). GC-O and GCMS analyses as well as quantitation by internal standard method showed that (Z)-3-hexenal, ethyl butanoate, 3-sulphanylhexyl acetate, and ethyl hexanoate were key aroma compounds in this fruit. Other odorants with relevance because their contribution (high OAVs) to the overall aroma were 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone, methyl benzoate, (E)-2-hexenal, and hexanal. Lulo fruit pulp in presence of maltodextrin DE-20 was dried by using four different types of drying methods: hot air-drying (HD), spray drying (SD), lyophilisation (LD), and ultrasonic convective hot air-drying (HUD). LD sample exhibited the highest sensory rank (lulo-like) in comparison with fresh fruit pulp. Hot-air drying processes (HD and HUD) changed adversely the aroma of lulo fruit pulp. PMID:25236202

  14. Responses of Moringa oleifera Lam. plants inoculated with mycorrhizal fungi and submitted to water stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Séfora Gil Gomes Farias

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was to verify the efficiency of mycorrhizal in Moringa oleifera Lam. plants submitted to water deficit. The experiment was conducted in screenhouse distributted a completely randomized design in a 4x2 factorial with four replications. The first factor was the treatment of inoculation with Glomus etunicatum, Acaulospora scrobiculata, an indigenous community treatment and control (without inoculation. The second factor was the treatment of irrigation and water deficit. Plant height, accumulation of dry weight in the shoots, roots and total and mycorrhizal efficiency were evaluated. The plants inoculated with Glomus etunicatum increases in height, biomass and biomass underground when not subject to water stress. There was no contribution of mycorrhizae to increase the resistance of plants to water deficit, independent of the fungus employee. The efficiency of plants in mycorrhizal, was variable according to the species of fungi used.

  15. In vitro antioxidant studies of Begonia malabarica Lam. and Begonia floccifera Bedd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Velusamy Kalpanadevi; Veerabahu Ramasamy Mohan

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the total phenolic, flavonoid contents and in vitro antioxidant activity of methanol extracts of Begonia malabarica Lam. and Begonia floccifera Bedd. whole plant.Methods:Total phenolic content was estimated using the Folin Ciocalteu method. The flavonoid content was determined using aluminium chloride. In vitro antioxidant activities and reducing power capacity were determined using standard methods. Results: The total phenolics and flavonoids were estimated. The methanol extracts of whole plants of Begonia malabarica and Begonia floccifera showed potent in vitro antioxidant activities using various models viz, DPPH, hydroxyl, superoxide and ABTS radical scavenging activity. Conclusions: The present study confirmed that methanol extracts have potential in vitro antioxidant activity. The phytochemical phenolics and flavonoids could be the reason for its antioxidant activity.

  16. Antimicrobial activity of the root, stem bark and seed extracts of moringa oleifera lam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Organic extracts (Hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, methanol) and the aqueous extracts of Moringa oleifera Lam or horseradish (root, stem bark and seed) were tested against five bacterial strains using the disc diffusion method and against three fungal strains. The water extracts of the seed was active against a wide range of organisms tested. Hexane and ethyl acetate extracts of the stem bark exhibited moderate activity. Of the fifteen extracts screened, five (33.3 percent) showed activity against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and against Trichophyton mentagrophytes while two were active against Microsporum gypseum. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values for the water extracts ranged from 6.25 to 50 mg/ml. The good activity observed on the water extract explains the success in traditional use of Moringa oleifera for the treatment of infectious diseases.(author)

  17. Photoelectrochemical solar cell using extract of Eugenia jambolana Lam as a natural sensitizer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian G. Garcia

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The extract of Jambolão (java plum, Eugenia jambolana Lam, was used as a natural sensitizer of a wide band-gap semiconductor (TiO2 in photoelectrochemical solar cells. The natural dye, adsorbed onto the semiconductor surface, absorbs visible light and promotes electron transfer across the dye/semiconductor interface. Photogenerated current and voltage as high as 2.3 mA and 711 mV, respectively, were obtained and effective conversion of visible light into electricity was achieved. The use of a natural product as the semiconductor sensitizer enables a faster and simpler production of cheaper and environmentally friendly solar cells.O extrato de Jambolão, Eugenia jambolana Lam, foi utilizado como um sensibilizador natural de um semicondutor com separação grande de bandas (TiO2 nas células solares fotoeletroquímica. O corante natural, adsorvido na superfície do semicondutor, absorve luz visível e promove transferência eletrônica na interface corante/semicondutor. A corrente e o potencial fotogerados tão altos como 2,3 mA e 711 mV, respectivamente, foram obtidos observando-se conversão eficiente de luz visível em eletricidade. O uso de um produto natural como o sensibilizador de semicondutor possibilita uma produção mais rápida e simples de células solares mais baratas que não agridem o meio ambiente.

  18. Mites associated to Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae in urban and rural fragments of semidecidual forest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe M. Nuvoloni

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Mites associated to Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae in urban and rural fragments of semidecidual forest. Native plants can shelter a great diversity of mites. Notwithstanding, the conservation of the forest fragments where the plants are located can influence the structure of the mites community. Generally, in homogenous environments the diversity is lower due to the dominance of one or a few species. In this work, we studied the mite community on Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae in two fragments of semidecidual forest: one on rural and other on urban area. Seven individuals of X. aromatica were monthly sampled from April 2007 to March 2008, in each of these fragments. Descriptive indexes of diversity, dominance and evenness were applied to verify the ecological patterns of the mite community, besides the Student's t-test to compare the abundance between the fragments. We collected 27,365 mites of 37 species belonging to 11 families. Calacarus sp. (Eriophyidae was the most abundant species, representing 73% of the total sampled. The abundance was greater in the urban fragment (67.7%, with the diversity index reaching only 25% of the theoretical maximum expected. Probably, these values might have been influenced by the location of this fragment in the urban area, being more homogeneous and submitted directly to the presence of atmospheric pollution. In this manner, X. aromatica is able to shelter a higher diversity of mites when inserted in preserved ecosystems, since the highest diversity of available resources allows the establishment of richer and most diverse mite community.

  19. Investigation of chemical composition and cytotoxic activity of aerial parts of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam.

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    F. Yousefbeyk

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectives: Ziziphora clinopodioides is a perennial herb and grows widely in west and northwest of Iran. The aerial parts are used as appetizer, carminative and antiseptic as well as for the treatment of medical conditions such as high blood pressure, asthma hyperhidrosis, palpitation and insomnia Methods: The aerial parts of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. were extracted by ethanol (70% and fractionated by n-hexane. The n-hexane fraction was analyzed by GC and GC/MS. This fraction and the total extract were further investigated for in vitro cytotoxic activity against HT-29 (colon carcinoma, K-562 (leukemia, T-47D (breast ductal carcinoma and NIH-3T3 (Swiss mouse embryo fibroblast cells using MTT assay. Results:  Nineteen compounds were identified by GC/MS. The main constituents of the n-hexane fraction were pulegone (24.35%, menthol (14% and menthone (9.61%. The results of cytotoxicity evaluation showed that the n-hexane fraction strongly exhibited cytotoxic activity against T-47D and K-562 cells with IC50 value of 77.41±12.89 and 80±2.56 μg/mL. The total extract did not show considerable activity against any of the cell lines in comparison to the n-hexane fraction. Conclusion: The presence of compounds such as pulegone, menthol and menthone could explain the cytotoxic activity of the n-hexane fraction of Z. clinopodioides Lam on K-562, T-47D and HT-29 cell lines.

  20. Evaluación de patógenos en clones de lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam. Pathogenity evaluation on Solanum quitoense Lam. Clones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Consuelo Montes Rojas

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available En el noroccidente de Popayán, Colombia, se evaluó la presencia de plagas causadas por patógenos en 42 clones de lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam.. Los clones fueron plantados en bolsas plásticas, donde se desarrollaron por 3 semanas antes de ser trasplantados al campo. Se utilizó un diseño de bloques completos al azar con cuatro repeticiones, la parcela útil estuvo conformada por 6 plantas, las cuales se sembraron a ‘tresbolillo’ a 2.5 m entre surcos y 2 m entre plantas. Para determinar el efecto de las plagas en el cultivo, se calculó el porcentaje de incidencia y severidad del ataque. La incidencia se evaluó como porcentaje de plantas afectadas, y la severidad como porcentaje de tejido afectado por el patógeno. Las enfermedades más limitantes para los 42 clones fueron: gota (Phytophthora infestans que provocó una mortalidad de plantas superior a 40%; fusarium (Fusarium oxysporum que se presentó en 12 de los clones evaluados; antracnosis (Colletotrichum sp. que afectó 21 clones, los cuales se clasificaron entre tolerantes y medianamente tolerantes; y mancha clorótica (Cladosporium sp. que afectó 21 clones, clasificados como susceptibles. Los clones PL19, PL24, PL11, PL35 fueron medianamente tolerantes. Se seleccionaron por supervivencia los clones: JY E1 (52.2%, PH E 1 (45.8%, VM E2 (45.8%; por supervivencia y por tolerancia a Fusarium oxysporum los clones PL35, PL11, PL24, PL8, PL19, 120052, 120043, ORE1, AGE1. Los clones SER 7, SER 15, SER 9, SEC 31, SEC 27 presentaron alta mortalidad pero se seleccionaron por ser medianamente tolerantes a gota, tolerantes a antracnosis y medianamente resistentes a nematodos, con buen vigor y producción.Presence of plant disease caused by pathogens on 42 clones of Solanum quitoense Lam. were evaluated in the north-western region of Popayán, Colombia. The seed of the clons were planted in plastic bags during three weeks and afterwards transplanted to the field. The statistical design

  1. Evaluation of the acute and sub-acute toxicity of the ethanolic extract of Pericampylus glaucus (Lam. Merr. in BALB/c mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Kifayatullah

    2015-10-01

    Conclusions: The result indicates that the oral administration of Pericampylus glaucus (Lam. Merr. extract did not produce any significant toxic effect in BALB/c mice. Hence, the extract can be utilized safely for therapeutic use in pharmaceutical formulations.

  2. Detection of lipoarabinomannan (LAM) in urine is indicative of disseminated TB with renal involvement in patients living with HIV and advanced immunodeficiency: evidence and implications.

    OpenAIRE

    Lawn, SD; Gupta-Wright, A.

    2016-01-01

    TB is the leading cause of HIV/AIDS-related deaths globally. New diagnostic tools are urgently needed to avert deaths from undiagnosed HIV-associated TB. Although simple assays that detect lipoarabinomannan (LAM) in urine have been commercially available for years, their specific role and utility were initially misunderstood, such that they have been slower to emerge from the diagnostics pipeline than otherwise might have been expected. In this article, we review and explain how urine-LAM ass...

  3. Evaluation sensorielle du couscous de farine de manioc (Manihot esculenta, Crantz) substituée par celle de patate douce (Ipomoea batatas, Lam)

    OpenAIRE

    Amadou, NM.; Waingeh, NC.; Dung, MS.; Imele, H.

    2016-01-01

    Consumer Acceptance of Cassava (Manihot esculenta, Crantz) flour's fufu substituted by Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas, Lam) Flour. This study investigated the consumer acceptance of fufu made by substituting cassava (Manihot esculenta, Crantz) flour with sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas, Lam) flour at the Food Technology and Post-harvest laboratory of IRAD in Bambui, Cameroon. Four samples of Fufu flour samples F0, F1, F2 and F3 obtained by substituting cassava flour with 0%, 20%, 40% and 50% pot...

  4. 基于LAM-MPI和OpenMP的机群编程环境配置与应用%Configration and Application of Cluster Programming Environment Base on LAM-MPI and OpenMP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向文; 刘青昆; 于方; 郑晓薇

    2007-01-01

    采用LAM-MPI实现节点间粗粒度并行和OpenMP实现节点内细粒度并行这种混合编程方式为SMP机群提供了一种有效并行策略.讨论了LAM-MPI+OpenMP混合编程环境的快速搭建以及多粒度混合并行编程方法,实现了分子动力学模拟问题的多粒度混合并行算法,并在搭建的8节点SMP机群环境中完成测试工作.

  5. Ethanol extract of Hedyotis diffusa willd upregulates G0/G1 phase arrest and induces apoptosis in human leukemia cells by modulating caspase cascade signaling and altering associated genes expression was assayed by cDNA microarray.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Yu-Jui; Yang, Jai-Sing; Lu, Chi-Cheng; Chiang, Su-Yin; Lin, Jaung-Geng; Chung, Jing-Gung

    2015-09-01

    The authors' previous study has shown that water extract of Hedyotis diffusa Willd (HDW) promoted immune response and exhibited anti-leukemic activity in BALB/c leukemic mice in vivo. In this study, the anti-proliferation effects of ethanol extract of H. diffusa Willd (EEHDW) on lung cancer cell lines (A549, H1355, and LLC), leukemia cell lines (HL-60, WEHI-3), and a mouse melanoma cell line (B16F10) in vitro were investigated. The results demonstrated that EEHDW suppressed the cell proliferation of A549, H1355, HL-60, WEHI-3, and B16F10 cells as well as reduced cell viability in a concentration-dependent manner. We found that EEHDW inhibited the cell proliferation of HL-60 cells in concentration-dependent manner. In addition, EEHDW triggered an arrest of HL-60 cells at G0/G1 phase and sub-G1 population (apoptotic cells). EEHDW provoked DNA condensation and DNA damage in HL-60 cells. The activities of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 were elevated in EEHDW-treated HL-60 cells. DNA microarray to investigate and display the gene levels related to cell growth, signal transduction, apoptosis, cell adhesion, cell cycle, DNA damage and repair, transcription and translation was also used. These findings suggest that EEHDW may be a potential herbal medicine and therapeutic agent for the treatment of leukemia. PMID:24677778

  6. Comparative study on the immunocompetent activity of three different kinds of Peh-Hue-Juwa-Chi-Cao, Hedyotis diffusa, H. corymbosa and Mollugo pentaphylla after sublethal whole body X-irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This brief communication describes the immunocompetent activity of the Chinese folk-medicinal herbs, Hedyotis corymbosa, H. diffusa and Mollugo pentaphylla in mice after moderate whole body x-irradiation. These antitumour drugs, given at doses of 500 and 1000 mg/kg/day for 7 consecutive days before x-irradiation protected ICR strain mice from the sublethal effects of radiation at a dose of 4 Gy, especially for the dose at 1000 mg/kg. Prior administration of H. corymbosa and H. diffusa ameliorated the leukopenia and splenic cellular decrease induced by sublethal irradiation, and slightly increased the immunocompetence of splenic cells after being stimulated by mitogens. However, administration of M. pentaphylla before x-irradiation exerted a less protective effect on ameliorating leukopenia and on splenic cellular immunocompetence. These findings suggest that some types of Peh-Hue-Juwa-Chi-Caoi (PHJCC) may also be effective in the prevention of haematopoietic damage when used in combination with radiotherapy. (author)

  7. Single zircon LAM-ICPMS U-Pb dating of Guidong complex (SE China) and its petrogenetic significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Xisheng; DENG Ping; S. Y. O'Reilly; W. L. Griffin; ZHOU Xinmin; TAN Zhengzhong

    2003-01-01

    Single zircon LAM-ICPMS U-Pb dating indicates that the Guidong granitic complex is a multistage batholith formed during Indosinian-Yanshanian time. The Luxi body (239 ± 5 Ma) and the Xiazhuang body (235.8 ± 7.6 Ma) intruded during Indosinian time, whereas the Aizi body (160.1 ± 6.1 Ma) and the Siqian body (151 ± 11 Ma) formed during Yanshanian time. Inherited zircons (1275-2137 Ma) in the Xiazhuang body imply that at least part of the source rocks of the Guidong complex are from the Proterozoic basement of southeast China. Detailed single zircon LAM-ICPMS U-Pb dating results provide important evidence for understanding the evolution, tectonic setting and mineralisation of the complex.

  8. 比色法测定白花蛇舌草中总黄酮含量的研究%Study on Quantitative Determination of Total Flavonoids in Hedyotis diffusa Willd by Colorimetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨悠; 许军; 刘燕华; 熊俭

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To select a kind of colorimetry as the best detection method of determination of total flavonoids in Hedyotis diffusa Willd. Methods: Take rutin as the standard sample, the paper compared three detection methods,which are direct method,aluminum nitrate method and aluminunl chloride method,and confirmed which is the best detection method as determination of total flavonoids in Hedyotis diffusa Willd. Results: To compare, confirmed aluminum chloride method had the best result for quantitative determination of total flavonoids in Hedyotis diffusa Willd. If the determination wavelength was 410 nm. the standard sample and the concentration of analyte was within the range of 0.05mg-0.3mg,the result showed a good linear relationhip between absorbance and the concentration of analyte,with the correlation coefficient R = 0.0094. The average recovery of this method was 99.84% with RSD of 1.31% ( n =5).The stability,precision and repetition of this method were excellent. Conclusion: the most of the indicators of Aluminum chloride colorimetry are better than the other two methods and this method is easily operated,accurate and have shorter analysis time,so Aluminum chloride colorimetry is more suitable for the determination of total flavonoids diffusa in Hedyotis diffusa Willd.%目的:选择一种比色法作为白花蛇舌草总黄酮的最优测定方法.方法:以芦丁为标准品,通过直接测定法、硝酸铝法、氯化铝法3种检测方法的比较,确定一种检测方法作为白花蛇舌草总黄酮的测定最优方法.结果:经过比较,选择氯化铝法作为测定白花蛇舌草总黄酮含量更好,在410nm波长下测定,样品在0.05mg~0.3mg范围内,其浓度与吸光度呈良好的线性关系,相关系数R=0.9997,平均加样回收率为99.84%,RsD=1.31%(n=5),稳定性、精密度和重现性均理想.结论:氯化铝显色法的大部分指标都好于其他两种比色法,且分析时间较短,准确度高,因此三氯化铝比色

  9. The rules on suspension cell batch culture of Hedyotis diffusa%白花蛇舌草悬浮细胞分批培养规律的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于瑞莲; 许金国; 顾晓娟

    2012-01-01

    目的 利用白花蛇舌草茎尖的分生组织建立植物悬浮细胞培养系,确定白花蛇舌草悬浮细胞分批培养时的变化规律.方法 通过接种不同量的细胞液确定最适接种量,以细胞干重、蔗糖、铵离子、硝酸盐氮和多糖含量作为检测指标,确定白花蛇舌草悬浮细胞分批培养时的变化规律.结果 白花蛇舌草悬浮细胞分批培养的最适接种量为15%,此时细胞干重达到最大值.在此接种量下,当培养时间达到9d时,pH很快降低到3左右,细胞干重不再增加.培养液中的主要营养成分碳源——蔗糖,在培养开始时,有比较大的降低,在培养后期,细胞干重不再增加时,也不再有大的改变.氮源[N03-]优于[NH4+]先被利用,而且[N0f]的利用速率要远高于[NH4+],达到7.14 μg/(mL·d);细胞液中多糖的生成和细胞的生长属于非偶联型,在培养后期,逐渐大量生成.结论 初步确定白花蛇舌草悬浮细胞分批培养时的变化规律,为以后的培养工艺优化打下了基础.%Purpose Hedyotis diffusa suspension cell was established by the tip of meristem to find out the rules on suspension cell batch culture of Hedyotis diffusa with the time. Methods The optimum inoculum was determined by different inoculation of cell medium. The rules on suspension cell batch culture of Hedyotis diffusa with the time were found by the detection of the amount of cell dry weight, sucrose, ammonium, nitrate and polysaccharide. Results The suspension cell batch culture of Hedyotis diffusa optimum inoculum is 15% .maximum dry cell weight at the same time. At this inoculation,when the incubation time was of 9 days,and pH quickly reduced to about 3 ,the cell dry weight did not increase. The main medium nutrients were carbon -sucrose, a relatively large decreased in the beginning of culture, and the cell dry weight no longer had a big change in the late culture stage. Nitrogen [ NO3-] was used prior to [ NH4+ ] ,and the use

  10. Anti-inflammatory effect of Moringa oleifera Lam. seeds on acetic acid-induced acute colitis in rats

    OpenAIRE

    Mohsen Minaiyan; Gholamreza Asghari; Diana Taheri; Mozhgan Saeidi; Salar Nasr-Esfahani

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Anti-inflammatory, immuno-modulatory, and antioxidant properties of Moringa oleifera Lam. suggest that it might have beneficial effects on colitis. The present study was performed to investigate the anticolitis effect of Moringa oleifera seeds hydro-alcoholic extract (MSHE) and its chloroform fraction (MCF) on acetic acid-induced colitis in rats. Materials and Methods: Both MSHE and MCF with three increasing doses (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg) were administered orally to separate groups...

  11. Phytochemical screening and studies of analgesic potential of Moringa oleifera Lam. stem bark extract on experimental animal model

    OpenAIRE

    Shumaia Parvin; Md. Abu Shuaib Rafshanjani; Md. Abdul Kader; Most. Afia Akhtar; Tahmida Sharmin

    2014-01-01

    The work has been done for the phytochemical investigation and study of analgesic activity of Moringa oleifera Lam. ethanolic stem bark extract using Acetic Acid Induced Writhing method. The effect of extract was tested for qualitative chemical analysis which reveals the presence of alkaloid, glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, saponin, carbohydrate etc. For peripheral analgesic effect acetic acid induced writhing test was used and for this stem bark extract was administered intraperitoneally at...

  12. The invasion of Doñana National Park (SW Spain) by the mosquito fern (Azolla filiculoides Lam).

    OpenAIRE

    García Murillo, Pablo; Fernández Zamudio, María del Rocío; Cirujano Bracamonte, Santos; Sousa Martín, Arturo; Espinar, Juan Manuel

    2007-01-01

    In 2001, Azolla filiculoides Lam., a floating pteridophyte native to the New World, was found in Do˜nana National Park (SW Spain), an European protected area well known for its high value from a conservation point of view and for its ecological vulnerability. Until that time, there had been no exotic aquatic macrophyte observations in the National Park. Since then, surfaces covered by Azolla filiculoides have increased explosively forming thick floating mats which eliminate submersed...

  13. Generation and application of ssDNA aptamers against glycolipid antigen ManLAM of Mycobacterium tuberculosis for TB diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Xiao-Lei; Wu, Shi-Min; Xie, Yan; Song, Neng; Guan, Qing; Yuan, Chunhui; Zhou, Xiang; Zhang, Xiao-Lian

    2016-05-01

    The development of effective Mycobacterial antigen diagnostic reagents remains a high priority. Mannose-capped lipoarabinomannan (ManLAM) is a lipoglycan serving as a major cell wall component. ManLAM is also an early released antigen in the blood circulation system during Mycobacteria tuberculosis (M.tb) infection and is a perfect target antigen for TB diagnosis. In this study, ssDNA aptamers "antibodies" against ManLAM of the predominant clinical epidemic M.tb Beijing genotype strains were generated by the Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential Enrichment (SELEX) technique. The selected single aptamer T9 demonstrated the highest specificity and binding affinity, with an equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) of 668 ± 159 nmol/L. We further detected ManLAM antigens in serum and sputum samples from active pulmonary tuberculosis (aPTB) patients, extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) patients and healthy donors by using a T9 based enzyme-linked oligonucleotide assay (ELONA). The results showed that the specificity and sensitivity were 95.31% and 83.00% (for 100 aPTB serum samples), 98.70% and 92.71% (for 96 aPTB sputum samples), and 94.44% and 88.71% (for 62 EPTB serum samples), respectively. A good correlation was observed between the T9 aptamer-based ELONA and the clinical T-SPOT.TB. Thus, T9 based ELONA has potentials for diagnosis of TB, including inactive TB, smear-negative TB, EPTB, and TB with immunodeficiency, and assist the diagnosis of LTBI albeit it could not distinguish LTBI and active TB. PMID:26850356

  14. Strong solutions to a Navier–Stokes–Lamé system on a domain with a non-flat boundary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we consider a Navier–Stokes–Lamé system modeling a fluid–structure interaction. For a general domain, we establish local well-posedness for strong solutions in which initial velocity u0 belongs to H1 while the initial data (w0, w1) for the elasticity equation belongs to (H3/2+k, H1/2+k) for any k in (0, k0) where k0 is an explicit positive constant

  15. Karakterisasi Simplisia dan Analisis Kalium, Kalsium, Natrium dan Magnesium pada Serbuk Daun Kelor (Moringa oleifera Lam.) secara Spektrofotometri Serapan Atom

    OpenAIRE

    Pratiwi, Eka Yulia

    2016-01-01

    Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) is a plant which is classified to the family of Moringaceae and it can grow quickly. Moringa leave is useful. It has very good nutrients contents, and it also has a sufficient amount of minerals and vitamins. Moringa leaves can be consumed by being cooked, eaten raw, or dried up into moringa leaves powder. Moringa leaves powder has higher amount of nutrients content than fresh moringa leaves. Characterization of the Moringa leaves is not liste...

  16. Developmental and Cytochemical Features of Male Reproductive Organ in Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers.

    OpenAIRE

    Aslıhan ÇETİNBAŞ; ÜNAL, Meral

    2015-01-01

    In this study, the development of male reproductive organ was analysed in Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam.) Pers., endemic to Turkey. Androecium is composed of 20 stamens which are attached at the base of the filaments. The anther wall formation follows the dicotyledonous type. The undifferentiated anther is ovoid-shaped, and the differentiation starts with the appearance of archesporial cells. Mature anthers are dorsifix and tetrasporangiate. The anther wall is composed of an epidermis, endothe...

  17. Invitro and Invivo anticancer activity of Ethanolic extract of Canthium Parviflorum Lam on DLA and Hela cell lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purushoth Prabhu.T

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Wild Jessamine, Canthium Parviflorum Lam, ( fam: Rubiaceae is traditionally used for snake bite in some villages in shimoga district of Karnataka. Canthium Species are used in the treatment of tumor, cough, astringent and anthlementic. Objective: In this study, invitro and invivo anticancer activity of crude ethanolic extracts from the leaves of Canthium Parviflorum Lam was investigated Method: The invitro anticancer activity was measured by MTT assay and Exclusion method. The invivo studies was determined in mice using Dalton’s lymphoma ascetic (DLA cells. Results: The ethanolic extacts of C.Parviflorum greatly inhibited DLA and Hela cell growth with IC50 Of 61.24μg/ml and 43.15μg/ml respectively. A significant increase in the life span and a decrease in the cancer cell number & tumour weight were noted in the tumor induced mice after treatment with Canthium Parviflorum Lam. Conclusion: Anticancer activity of Canthium Parviflorum was may be due to flavonoid present in the plant . Further studies are also in process to evaluate the most potent fraction of the plant and to isolate the constituents of the fraction

  18. Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit., "subabul" stem lignin: Isolation, structural characterization and thermal properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yearla, Srinivasa Rao; Padmasree, Kollipara

    2016-06-01

    Lignin is the second most abundant renewable biopolymer on earth after cellulose. It is being used in many industrial applications due to its abundance. In the present study, lignin was isolated from the stems of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit., a high biomass yielding plant using acidic dioxane under N2 atmosphere. Structural characterization of isolated dioxane lignin (DL) was performed by analytical techniques: UV, FT-IR, ¹H NMR and ¹³C NMR. Their monolignol content was determined by nitrobenzene oxidation followed by HPLC-MS/MS analysis. The data was compared with commercial alkali lignin (AL). The results showed that DL is of hardwood guaiacyl-syringyl (GS) type, whereas AL is softwood type with more guaiacyl units and trace amounts of p-hydroxyphenyl units (H). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) of DL showed two stage thermal degradation profile similar to AL. The DTGmax for DL and AL were found in the second major loss event of second stage of TGA at 424°C and 404°C, respectively. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) study exhibited the glass transition temperatures (Tg) at 132°C and 122°C for DL and AL, respectively. The results from thermal stability studies suggest that dioxane lignin isolated from the "miracle tree" (subabul) can be exploited in various thermoplastic industrial applications. PMID:27468468

  19. Effect of gamma-irradiation on growth and biomass yield of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) De Wit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A trial was conducted to study the effect of gamma-irradiation on the growth behaviour vis-a-vis biomass yield of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit (Subfamily Mimosoidae), one of the very fast growing trees of the tropical forests. Dry seeds were exposed to 1, 2, 4, 8 and 10 kR doses of gamma irradiation. Irradiated seeds were sown in the field along with the control. Germination frequency was noted to be highest in case of 2 kR irradiated seeds. Growth data of the plants were recorded at every one month interval. It was observed that the vegetative growth of most of the irradiated plants was strikingly vigorous in comparison to the control. Total biomass yield of the plants after one year of growth was measured which revealed a significant difference between the irradiated and non-irradiated populations. The photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic biomass ratios were worked out. Possible implication of the findings have been discussed in the paper. (author). 3 tables, 5 refs

  20. Postharvest Quality and Physiological Behavior of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.) Leaf Stalks Under Three Temperatures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Yan; XU Yong-quan; DUAN Dao-fu; MAO Lin-chun

    2009-01-01

    Sweet potato (lpomoea batatas Lam.) leaf stalks were cut into 20 cm length, and stored at 20, 6, and 2℃. The respiration rate, ethylene production, ascorbic acid, free amino acid, total chlorophyll content, freshness, and shelf life were determined during storage to investigate the effect of storage temperatures on the quality and physiological responses in sweet potato leaf stalks. Wound responses were observed as high respiration rate and ethylene production immediately after cutting. Sweet potato leaf stalks were found to be sensitive to chilling injury manifested as browning and water-soaking on the surface at 2℃. In contrast, sweet potato leaf stalks were susceptible to senescence, exhibited by etiolating and yellowing, at 20℃. Loss in weight and chlorophyll was minimized under low temperatures. High temperatures also caused the accumulation of amino acids with a significant loss of ascorbic acid and chlorophyll. Sweet potato leaf stalks had a storage life of 16 days at 6℃, 8 days at 2℃, and 6 days at 20℃, respectively.

  1. In vitro antioxidant activity of Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam. aerial parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasikumar, J M; Maheshu, V; Aseervatham, G Smilin Bell; Darsini, D Teepica Priya

    2010-02-01

    The methanolic extract of the aerial part of Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam. (Rubiaceae) was screened for antioxidant activity using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydroxyl (DPPH) quenching assay, 2,2'-azinobis-3-ethylbenzothiozoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) cation decolorization test, ferric reducing power (FRP), scavenging capacity towards hydroxyl ion (OH*) radicals and nitric oxide (NO) radical inhibition activity using established assay procedures. Total phenolics and total flavonoid contents were, also determined. The plant yielded 210 mg gallic acid equivalent/100 g phenolic content and 55 mg quercetin equivalent/100 g flavonoid content. The extract exhibited high antiradical activity against DPPH, ABTS, nitric oxide and hydroxyl radicals with EC50 value of 82, 150, 130, and 170 microg/ml, respectively. The FRP increased with increasing concentration of the sample. The antioxidant activity of the extract was comparable with that of the standard butylated hydroxyl toluene (BHT). High correlation between total phenolic/flavonoid contents and scavenging potential of different reactive oxygen species (R2 = 0.785-0.998) indicated the polyphenols as the main antioxidants. PMID:21086755

  2. Preliminary Assessment of the Chemical Stability of Dried Extracts from Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (Sterculiaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Gisely C; Longhini, Renata; Dos Santos, Paulo Victor P; Araújo, Adriano A S; Bruschi, Marcos Luciano; de Mello, João Carlos P

    2012-01-01

    We report the results of a preliminary estimation of the stability of the dried extract from bark of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. ("Mutamba"), with and without added colloidal silicon dioxide (CSD). The physical and chemical properties and the compatibility of CSD in the extract were evaluated for 21 days of storage under stress conditions of temperature (45 ± 2°C) and humidity (75 ± 5%). Thermogravimetry (TG) was supplemented using selective high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for determination of stability of the characteristic constituents (chemical markers), namely, procyanidin B2 (PB2) and epicatechin (EP). The results showed that PB2 is an appropriate compound to be used as a chemical marker in the quality control of dried extracts of G. ulmifolia. The stress study showed that there was no significant difference between the two formulations. However, considering the TG data and the high temperatures involved, the results suggest that CSD increases the stability of the dried extract of G. ulmifolia. PMID:22291706

  3. Influence of growth phase on the essential oil composition of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amiri, Hamzeh

    2009-01-01

    Ziziphora clinopodioides belongs to the Lamiaceae family, that are widespread all over Iran. The leaves, flowers and stems of the plant are frequently used as wild vegetables or additives in food to offer aroma and flavour. The chemical composition of the essential oils obtained from the aerial parts of Z. clinopodioides Lam. in different growth stages were analysed by GC and GC-MS, and 29 components were identified. Pulegone (30.1%), thymol (21.3%), p-mentha-3-en-8-ol (12.9%) and piperitenone (9.3%) were the main components in the pre-flowering stage. In the flowering stage, pulegone (44.6%), p-mentha-3-en-8-ol (10.5%), 1,8-cineoil (10.4%), piperitenone (8.7%) and thymol (6.7%) were identified as the main constituents and in the post-flowering stage, pulegone (41.3%), isomenthone (11.6%), p-mentha-3-en-8-ol (11%), p-mentha-3,8-diene (7.2%) and thymol (5.8%) were identified as the major components. PMID:19401912

  4. Transcriptome and selected metabolite analyses reveal points of sugar metabolism in jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Lisong; Wu, Gang; Hao, Chaoyun; Yu, Huan; Tan, Lehe

    2016-07-01

    Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam., commonly known as jackfruit, produces the largest tree-borne fruit known thus far. The edible part of the fruit develops from the perianths, and contains many sugar-derived compounds. However, its sugar metabolism is poorly understood. A fruit perianth transcriptome was sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq 2500 platform, producing 32,459 unigenes with an average length of 1345nt. Sugar metabolism was characterized by comparing expression patterns of genes related to sugar metabolism and evaluating correlations with enzyme activity and sugar accumulation during fruit perianth development. During early development, high expression levels of acid invertases and corresponding enzyme activities were responsible for the rapid utilization of imported sucrose for fruit growth. The differential expression of starch metabolism-related genes and corresponding enzyme activities were responsible for starch accumulated before fruit ripening but decreased during ripening. Sucrose accumulated during ripening, when the expression levels of genes for sucrose synthesis were elevated and high enzyme activity was observed. The comprehensive transcriptome analysis presents fundamental information on sugar metabolism and will be a useful reference for further research on fruit perianth development in jackfruit. PMID:27181946

  5. The Effect of Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. Extracts on In Vitro Dengue Replication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitrien Husin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To investigate the potential effect of Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. (H. sibthorpioides extracts against in vitro dengue viral replication. Methods. The cytotoxicity of H. sibthorpioides was evaluated using a cell viability assay. Cells were pre- and posttreated with water and methanol extracts of H. sibthorpioides, and the viral inhibitory effect was investigated by observing the morphological changes, which were further confirmed by plaque assay. Results. The methanolic extract cytotoxicity was higher in Vero and C6/36 cells than the cytotoxicity of the water extract. Preincubation of the cells with H. sibthorpioides extract showed nonexistent to mild prophylactic effects. The posttreatment of Vero cells with H. sibthorpioides methanolic extract presented higher antidengue activities when compared with the water extract. Surprisingly, posttreatment of C6/36 cells resulted in an enhancement of viral replication. Conclusion. H. sibthorpioides had variable effects on dengue viral replication, depending on the treatment, cell lines, and solvent types. This study provides important novel insights on the phytomedicinal properties of H. sibthorpioides extracts on dengue virus.

  6. Growth and Forage Value of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam. under Different Organic Fertilization and Cut Intervals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Carneiro Souto

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The present work was carried out in two UFPB Experimental Stations (NUPEARIDO (Luvissolo Planossólico (Bruno não Cálcico and Lameirão farms (Luvissolo located in the semi-arid region of Brazil, from February to August/2000. Its objective consisted to verify the influence of organic fertilizers (bovine, goat and donkey manures, and organic compost of plants remains and cut intervals (three and six months after seedling planting in the bromatological composition of moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam above ground forage. Planting of 15cm high seedlings took place in February, into 0.30m x 0.30m x 0.30m openings in the soil, arranged in a 1.5m x 1.5m grid, in the beginning of the rainy season. Plants were cut three and six months after planting. Also, new stems were cut three months after the first cutting. Collected materials were analyzed for Dry Matter (DM, Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF, Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF, Crude Protein (CP, ash and Hemicellulose (HC contents. Forage from six-month-old plants showed an increased HC content when fertilized with bovine or goat manure. Forage from three-month old plants showed different NDF, ADF, PB, and ash contents than the older ones, except for stem DM and HC. Three-month-old moringa sprouts showed higher CP and ash contents than material from three or six month old non-cut plants.

  7. Bioactivity guided fractionation of Moringa oleifera Lam. flower targeting Leishmania donovani.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Manoj Kumar; Paul, Joydeep; De, Tripti; Chakraborti, Tapati

    2015-11-01

    Leishmaniases is a group of diseases caused by the protozoan parasite belonging to the genus Leishmania. At least 20 species of Leishmania are known to infect humans transmitted by female sandflies, Phlebotomus spp. Leishmania donovani causes visceral leishmaniasis, considered most lethal among the common three forms of leishmaniasis. Lack of appropriate vaccines, emergence of drug resistance and side effects of currently used drugs stress the need for better alternative drugs, particularly from natural sources. Here, we conducted in vitro and in vivo experiments to study the efficacy of different parts of Moringa oleifera Lam. against Leishmania donovani promastigotes. The flower extract of M. oliefera (MoF) was found to be the most potent antileishmanial agent when compared to other parts of the plant like leaf, root, bark and stem. It imparted significant reduction in parasite number in infected macrophages. The bioactivity guided fractionation of MoF showed ethyl acetate fraction (MoE) as the most active and gave significant parasite reduction in the infected macrophages. Further, growth kinetics studies revealed loss of L. donovani promastigotes viability in the presence of MoE in both time and dose dependent manner. In vivo experiment in Balb/c mouse model of leishmaniasis supported the in vitro findings with a remarkable reduction of the parasite burden in both liver and spleen. PMID:26669018

  8. Lam-Tung relation breaking in $Z^0$ hadroproduction as a probe of parton transverse momentum

    CERN Document Server

    Motyka, Leszek; Stebel, Tomasz

    2016-01-01

    The Lam-Tung relation breaking coefficient $A_{\\mathrm{LT}} = A_0 - A_2$ in the Drell-Yan dilepton angular distributions in the $Z^0$ boson mass region at the LHC is analyzed in the $k_T$-factorization approach. This observable was recently measured with high precision by ATLAS collaboration. Within the $k_T$-factorization approach we perform an approximate NNLO calculation of the off-shell parton hard matrix elements in which we include the leading contributions of valence quarks and off-shell gluons: the well known $q_{\\mathrm{val}} g^* \\to qZ^0$ channel and a new $g^*g^* \\to q\\bar q Z^0$ channel. The resulting $A_{\\mathrm{LT}}$ exhibits high sensitivity to the gluon transverse momentum distribution (TMD). Several gluon TMDs are probed derived from the CCFM and BFKL evolution equations, and given by QCD-inspired phenomenological parameterizations. The ATLAS data favor a simple "Weizs\\"{a}cker-Williams" (WW) hard gluon TMD with the asymptotic behavior of one-gluon exchange at large gluon transverse momenta a...

  9. A proteomic analysis of storage stress responses in Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. tuberous root.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yusong; Chen, Cheng; Tao, Xiang; Wang, Jianxi; Zhang, Yizheng

    2012-08-01

    During post-harvest storage, tuberous roots of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam.) usually undergo a biotic and abiotic stress influencing protein expression pattern and substance contents. This research compared the change of total proteins and carbohydrate content in tuberous roots of sweet potato during the storage period. The result of the two-dimensional electrophoresis analysis demonstrated that there were 25 differentially expressed proteins between day 0 and day 75 during the storage. Among these proteins, 11 proteins were down-regulated and the other 14 were up-regulated. The results from MALDI-TOF-TOF/MS analyses and mascot database searching showed that 11 of the 25 differentially expressed proteins were identified as store-stress regulated proteins. It was also found that the proteins involved in the energy metabolism and the stress-response were drastically up-regulated, whereas those in biomacromolecule synthesis were markedly down-regulated. Meanwhile, under the experimental conditions, the content of the starch and the cellulose was decreased by more than a quarter and the amylase activity was increased moderately. PMID:22547271

  10. In Vitro Wound Healing Potential and Identification of Bioactive Compounds from Moringa oleifera Lam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abubakar Amali Muhammad

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Moringa oleifera Lam. (M. oleifera from the monogeneric family Moringaceae is found in tropical and subtropical countries. The present study was aimed at exploring the in vitro wound healing potential of M. oleifera and identification of active compounds that may be responsible for its wound healing action. The study included cell viability, proliferation, and wound scratch test assays. Different solvent crude extracts were screened, and the most active crude extract was further subjected to differential bioguided fractionation. Fractions were also screened and most active aqueous fraction was finally obtained for further investigation. HPLC and LC-MS/MS analysis were used for identification and confirmation of bioactive compounds. The results of our study demonstrated that aqueous fraction of M. oleifera significantly enhanced proliferation and viability as well as migration of human dermal fibroblast (HDF cells compared to the untreated control and other fractions. The HPLC and LC-MS/MS studies revealed kaempferol and quercetin compounds in the crude methanolic extract and a major bioactive compound Vicenin-2 was identified in the bioactive aqueous fraction which was confirmed with standard Vicenin-2 using HPLC and UV spectroscopic methods. These findings suggest that bioactive fraction of M. oleifera containing Vicenin-2 compound may enhance faster wound healing in vitro.

  11. Spermidine Derivatives in Lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam.) Fruit: Sensory (Taste) versus Biofunctional (ACE-Inhibition) Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forero, Diana Paola; Masatani, Chieko; Fujimoto, Yoshinori; Coy-Barrera, Ericsson; Peterson, Devin G; Osorio, Coralia

    2016-07-01

    The bitterness in lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam.) fruit is increased during processing (juicing or drying). To identify the bitter-active compounds, the ethanolic fruit pulp extract was subjected to RP-18 solid-phase extraction, and then sensory-guided fractionated by HPLC. Two spermidine derivatives, N(1),N(4),N(8)-tris(dihydrocaffeoyl)spermidine and N(1),N(8)-bis(dihydrocaffeoyl)spermidine, were isolated and their structures confirmed by analysis of their HPLC-ESI/MS and (1)H and (13)C NMR data. The N(1),N(4),N(8)-tris(dihydrocaffeoyl)spermidine was synthesized and used as an authentic sample to unequivocally confirm the structure of this compound and to quantitate it in both fresh and dried fruit. In silico analyses demonstrated that spermidine derivatives identified in lulo pulp exhibited a strong ACE-I (angiotensin I-converting enzyme) inhibitory activity. Subsequently, these results were confirmed by in vitro analyses and showed the potential use of lulo fruit pulp as an ingredient of functional foods related to the prevention of blood hypertension. PMID:27292771

  12. Light Attenuation Method for 3D data acquisition (LAM3D) of bottom particle deposits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Er, Jenn Wei; Law, Adrian W. K.; Adams, E. Eric; Yang, Yang

    2015-11-01

    We have developed a novel experimental technique, Light Attenuation Method for 3D data acquisition (LAM3D), to acquire three-dimensional spatial characteristics and temporal development of bottom particle deposits. The new technique performs data acquisition with higher spatial and temporal resolution than existing approaches with laser and ultrasonic 3D profilers, and is therefore ideal for laboratory investigations with fast varying changes in the sediment bed, such as the developing deposition profile from sediment clouds commonly formed during dredging or land reclamation projects and the dynamic evolution in movable bed processes in rivers. The principle of the technique is based on the analysis of the light attenuation due to multiple light scattering through the particle deposits layer compared to the clear water column. With appropriate calibration, the particles size and distribution thickness can be quantified by the transmitted light spectrum. In the presentation, we will first show our measurement setup with a light panel for calibrated illumination and a system of DSLR cameras for the light capturing. Subsequently, we shall present the experimental results of fast evolving deposition profile of a barge-disposed sediment cloud upon its bottom impact on the sea bed.

  13. Phytochemical screening, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activities of the crude leaves′ extract from Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Thaís Pochapski

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam., popularly known as sweet potato (SP, has played an important role as an energy and a phytochemical source in human nutrition and animal feeding. Ethnopharmacological data show that SP leaves have been effectively used in herbal medicine to treat inflammatory and/or infectious oral diseases in Brazil. The aim of this research was to evaluate the phytochemical, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activities of the crude leaves′ extract of SP leaves. Materials and Methods: The screening was performed for triterpenes/steroids, alkaloids, anthraquinones, coumarins, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and phenolic acids. The color intensity or the precipitate formation was used as analytical responses to these tests. The total antioxidant capacity was evaluated by the phosphomolybdenum complex method. Antimicrobial activity was made by agar disk and agar well diffusion tests. Results: The phytochemical screening showed positive results for triterpenes/steroids, alkaloids, anthraquinones, coumarins, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and phenolic acids. Total contents of 345.65, 328.44, and 662.02 mg were respectively obtained for alkaloids, anthraquinones, and phenolic compounds in 100 g of the dry sample. The total antioxidant capacity was 42.94% as compared to ascorbic acid. For antimicrobial studies, no concentration of the SP freeze dried extract was able to inhibit the growth of Streptococcus mutans, S. mitis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans in both agar disk and agar well diffusion tests. Conclusions: SP leaves demonstrated the presence of secondary metabolites with potential biological activities. No antimicrobial activity was observed.

  14. Achyrocline satureioides (Lam. D.C. Hydroalcoholic Extract Inhibits Neutrophil Functions Related to Innate Host Defense

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    Eric Diego Barioni

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Achyrocline satureioides (Lam. D.C. is a herb native to South America, and its inflorescences are popularly employed to treat inflammatory diseases. Here, the effects of the in vivo actions of the hydroalcoholic extract obtained from inflorescences of A. satureioides on neutrophil trafficking into inflamed tissue were investigated. Male Wistar rats were orally treated with A. satureioides extract, and inflammation was induced one hour later by lipopolysaccharide injection into the subcutaneous tissue. The number of leukocytes and the amount of chemotactic mediators were quantified in the inflammatory exudate, and adhesion molecule and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4 expressions and phorbol-myristate-acetate- (PMA- stimulated oxidative burst were quantified in circulating neutrophils. Leukocyte-endothelial interactions were quantified in the mesentery tissue. Enzymes and tissue morphology of the liver and kidney were evaluated. Treatment with A. satureioides extract reduced neutrophil influx and secretion of leukotriene B4 and CINC-1 in the exudates, the number of rolling and adhered leukocytes in the mesentery postcapillary venules, neutrophil L-selectin, β2-integrin and TLR-4 expression, and oxidative burst, but did not cause an alteration in the morphology and activities of liver and kidney. Together, the data show that A. satureioides extract inhibits neutrophil functions related to the innate response and does not cause systemic toxicity.

  15. Developmental and Cytochemical Features of Male Reproductive Organ in Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam. Pers.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslıhan ÇETİNBAŞ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the development of male reproductive organ was analysed in Crataegus tanacetifolia (Lam. Pers., endemic to Turkey. Androecium is composed of 20 stamens which are attached at the base of the filaments. The anther wall formation follows the dicotyledonous type. The undifferentiated anther is ovoid-shaped, and the differentiation starts with the appearance of archesporial cells. Mature anthers are dorsifix and tetrasporangiate. The anther wall is composed of an epidermis, endothecium, two or three rows of middle layers and secretory tapetum. Endothecial cells show fibrous thickening. Tapetum is characterized by enlarged secretory types with binucleate cells, which presented an intense reaction with regard to proteins, insoluble polysaccharides and lipids. Features of chromatin condensation and nucleus disorders identified with the application of DAPI (4´,6-diaminido-2-phenylindole point out programmed cell death. Epidermal and endothecial layers remain intact until anther dehiscence; however, middle layer and tapetum disappear during development. At the end of regular meiotic division, tetrahedral microspore tetrads are formed. Pollen grains are tricolparatae, tectate and sphaeroidea. Exine is made up of lipoidal substances and proteins, but the intine includes insoluble polysaccharides. Further, cytoplasm of pollen grains are rich in proteins, lipids and insoluble polysaccharides.

  16. Phytochemical Analysis of Leaf Extract of Abutilon hirtum (Lam. Sweet by GC-MS Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivekraj P.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abutilon hirtum (Lam. Sweet (Malvaceae commonly known as Vadathuthi. It is used as one of the most important drugs in traditional system of medicine to treat various ailments. The plant is used for to its various properties as demulcent, diuretics, anti-diabetics, anthelmintic, laxative, wound healing properties, antibacterial and antifungal properties. The present study revealed the presence of phytochemicals like Diethyl Phthalate (19.171%,Benzaldehyde 4-propyl (5.219%,Methoxyacetic acid 3-tridecyl ester (5.196%,Sulfurous acid dodecyl 2-propyl ester (0.455%,Sulfurous acid, butyl dodecyl ester (0.442%etc., from the chloroform extracts of leaves in A. hirtum. In the present study an attempt was made to investigate the phytochemical present in the extracts in the preliminary level by using Gas Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS. The study will provide information for the correct identification of the crude drug. This will be further considered for pharmacological activities and isolation of individual components would however, help to find new drugs.The results are reported for the first time in A. hirtum.

  17. Protective effects of Moringa oleifera Lam. leaves against arsenic-induced toxicity in mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Afzal Sheikh; Zahangir Alam Saud; Khaled Hossain; Fouzia Yeasmin; Smita Agarwal; Mashiur Rahman; Khairul Islam; Ekhtear Hossain; Shakhawoat Hossain; Md Rezaul Karim; Farjana Nikkon

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the protective role of leaves of Moringa oleifera (M. oleifera) Lam. against arsenic-induced toxicity in mice.Methods:non-treated control group while, the second, third, and fourth groups were treated with M.oleifera leaves (50 mg/kg body weight per day), sodium arsenite (10 mg/kg body weight per day) and sodium arsenite plus M. oleifera leaves, respectively. Serum indices related to cardiac, liver and renal functions were analyzed to evaluate the protective effect of Moringa leaves on arsenic-induced effects in mice.Results:Swiss albino male mice were divided into four groups. The first group was used as induced elevation of triglyceride, glucose, urea and the activities of alkaline phospatase, aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase in serum. M. oleifera leaves also prevented the arsenic-induced perturbation of serum butyryl cholinesterase activity, total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein cholesterol.Conclusions:The results indicate that the leaves of M. oleifera may be useful in reducing the It revealed that food supplementation of M. oleifera leaves abrogated the arsenic-effects of arsenic-induced toxicity.

  18. Preliminary Assessment of the Chemical Stability of Dried Extracts from Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (Sterculiaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisely C. Lopes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the results of a preliminary estimation of the stability of the dried extract from bark of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (“Mutamba”, with and without added colloidal silicon dioxide (CSD. The physical and chemical properties and the compatibility of CSD in the extract were evaluated for 21 days of storage under stress conditions of temperature (45±2°C and humidity (75±5%. Thermogravimetry (TG was supplemented using selective high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC for determination of stability of the characteristic constituents (chemical markers, namely, procyanidin B2 (PB2 and epicatechin (EP. The results showed that PB2 is an appropriate compound to be used as a chemical marker in the quality control of dried extracts of G. ulmifolia. The stress study showed that there was no significant difference between the two formulations. However, considering the TG data and the high temperatures involved, the results suggest that CSD increases the stability of the dried extract of G. ulmifolia.

  19. Thermodynamic properties of water sorption of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. as a function of moisture content

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    Ana Paula Prette

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Jackfruit tree is one of the most significant trees in tropical home gardens and perhaps the most widespread and useful tree in the important genus Artocarpus. The fruit is susceptible to mechanical and biological damage in the mature state, and some people find the aroma of the fruit objectionable, particularly in confined spaces. The dehydration process could be an alternative for the exploitation of this product, and the relationship between moisture content and water activity provides useful information for its processing and storage. The aim of this study was to determine the thermodynamic properties of the water sorption of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. as a function of moisture content. Desorption isotherms of the different parts of the jackfruit (pulp, peduncle, mesocarp, peel, and seed were determined at four different temperatures (313.15, 323.15, 333.15, and 343.15 K in a water activity range of 0.02-0.753 using the static gravimetric method. Theoretical and empirical models were used to model the desorption isotherms. An analytical solution of the Clausius-Clapeyron equation was proposed to calculate the isosteric heat of sorption, the differential entropy, and Gibbs' free energy using the Guggenhein-Anderson-de Boer and Oswin models considering the effect of temperature on the hygroscopic equilibrium.

  20. Performance of Late Sown Wheat in Response to Foliar Application of Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaf Extract Rendimiento de Trigo Sembrado Tarde en Respuesta a la Aplicación Foliar de Extracto de Hojas de Moringa oleifera Lam.

    OpenAIRE

    Azra Yasmeen; Shahzad Maqsood Ahmed Basra; Rashid Ahmad; Abdul Wahid

    2012-01-01

    A rise in temperature during early spring inducing early maturity is a key yield-reducing factor in late sown wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Moringa oleifera Lam. leaves are rich in zeatin, a cytokinin that plays a role in delaying leaf senescence, in addition to other growth-enhancing compounds such as ascorbates, phenolics, and minerals. The objective of this study was to optimize dose and optimum growth stage for foliar-applied moringa leaf extract (MLE) and its role in delaying leaf senesc...

  1. Hypolipidemic activity of Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae, on high fat diet induced hyperlipidemia in albino rats Atividade hipolipidemica de Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae, na hiperlipidemia induzida por dieta rica em gordura em ratos albinos

    OpenAIRE

    Pankaj G. Jain; Savita D. Patil; HASWANI, Nitin G.; Girase, Manoj V.; Surana, Sanjay J.

    2010-01-01

    The leaves of Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae, are used by the Indians in their herbal medicine as a hypolipidemic agent in obese patients. Albino Wistar rats were fed with methanolic extract of M. oleifera (150, 300 and 600 mg/kg, p.o.) and simvastatin (4 mg/kg, p.o.) along with hyperlipidemic diet for 30 days. Moringa oleifera and simvastatin were found to lower the serum cholesterol, triacylglyceride, VLDL, LDL, and atherogenic index, but were found to increase the HDL as compared to th...

  2. EXTRACCIÓN DE ENZIMAS PÉCTICAS DEL EPICARPIO DE LULO (Solanum quitoense Lam) INVOLUCRADAS EN EL PROCESO DE ABLANDAMIENTO Exytraction of Pectic Enzymes from of Lulo(Solanum quitoense Lam) Involved in Softening

    OpenAIRE

    JEIMMY MARCELA RODRÍGUEZ NIETO; LUZ PATRICIA RESTREPO SÁNCHEZ

    2011-01-01

    Durante el periodo de poscosecha el principal problema de deterioro del lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam) es el ablandamiento que es generado principalmente por actividad de enzimas pécticas que atacan la red estructural de la pared celular. Esta investigación se basó en la búsqueda de las mejores condiciones de extracción y medida de actividad de las enzimas pectinesterasa, poligalacturonasa y pectato liasa; herramientas necesarias para estudiar posteriormente el rol de estas enzimas en el deteri...

  3. Phytoremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons by using a freshwater fern species Azolla filiculoides Lam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kösesakal, Taylan; Ünal, Muammer; Kulen, Oktay; Memon, Abdülrezzak; Yüksel, Bayram

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the phytoremediation capacity of Azolla filiculoides Lam. for the water resources contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons was investigated. The plants were grown in nitrogen-free Hoagland nutrient solution containing 0.005%, 0.01%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%, 0.4%, and 0.5% crude oil under greenhouse conditions for 15 days. Although the growth rate of the plants were not negatively influenced by the presence of crude oil in the media for the concentration of 0.005% and 0.01% v/v, a gradual impeding effect of crude oil in the growth media has been observed at concentrations 0.05-0.1%. More than 0.1% crude oil in the growth medium ostensibly retarded the growth. For example, 0.2% oil in the media reduced growth approximately 50% relative to the control, and the presence of crude oil at concentrations 0.3% or more were lethal. The data about the percentage of plant growth, fresh weight increase and root growth clearly indicated that the tolerance level of A. filiculoides plants to crude oil ranges between 0.1% and 0.2%. In comparison to control samples, the biodegradation rate of total aliphatic and aromatic (phenathrene) hydrocarbons at 0.05-0.2% oil concentrations, was 94-73% and 81-77%, respectively. On the other hand, in case of further increases in oil concentration in media, i.e.; 0.3-0.5%, the biodegradation rate was still higher in the experimental samples, respectively 71-63% and 75-71%. The high biodegradation rates of petroleum hydrocarbons in the experimental samples suggested that A. filiculoides plants could be a promising candidate to be used for the phytoremediation of low crude oil contaminated precious freshwater resources. PMID:26588199

  4. Topical anti-inflammatory activity of Eupatilin, a lipophilic flavonoid from mountain wormwood ( Artemisia umbelliformis Lam.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giangaspero, Anna; Ponti, Cristina; Pollastro, Federica; Del Favero, Giorgia; Della Loggia, Roberto; Tubaro, Aurelia; Appendino, Giovanni; Sosa, Silvio

    2009-09-01

    Eupatilin (5,7-dihydroxy-3',4',6-trimethoxyflavone) is the major lipophilic flavonoid from Artemisia umbelliformis Lam. and Artemisia genipi Weber, two mountain wormwoods used for the production of the celebrated alpine liqueur genepy. The topical anti-inflammatory activity of eupatilin was investigated using the inhibition of the Croton-oil-induced dermatitis in the mouse ear as the end point. The oedematous response and the leukocyte infiltration were evaluated up to 48 h after the induction of phlogosis, comparing eupatilin with hydrocortisone and indomethacin as representatives of steroid and non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, respectively. At maximum development, eupatilin significantly reduced edema in a dose-dependent manner (ID(50) = 0.28 micromol/cm(2)), showing an anti-inflammatory potency comparable to that of indomethacin (ID(50) = 0.26 micromol/cm(2)) and only 1 order of magnitude lower than that of hydrocortisone (ID(50) = 0.03 micromol/cm(2)). Within 48 h, eupatilin (0.30 micromol/cm(2)) caused a global inhibition of the oedematous response (42%) higher than that of an equimolar dose of indomethacin (18%) and fully comparable to that of 0.03 micromol/cm(2) of hydrocortisone (55%). Moreover, the effect of eupatilin on the granulocytes infiltrate (32% inhibition) was similar to that of indomethacin (35% inhibition) and comparable to that of hydrocortisone (42% reduction), as confirmed by histological analysis. When our results are taken together, they show that eupatilin is endowed with potent in vivo topical anti-inflammatory activity, qualitatively similar to that of hydrocortisone and intermediate in terms of potency between those of steroid and non-steroid drugs. PMID:19663482

  5. Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae grown in Nigeria: In vitro antisickling activity on deoxygenated erythrocyte cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olufunmilayo E Adejumo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Traditional medicine, which is more available and affordable for the poor uses medicinal plants for the treatment and management of various ailments, including the sickle cell disease (SCD. About 24 million Nigerians are carriers of this sickled cell gene, while approximately 2.4 million are SCD patients. Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae possesses high nutritional value and has been used in folklore medicine to treat various ailments related to pain and inflammation. Chemical, pharmacological and pharmacognostical applications of Moringa oleifera have been reported. Objective: This study investigated the antisickling potential of polar and non-polar extracts of the seed, flower and leaf of Moringa oleifera for the first time. Materials and Methods: Using crude methanol extract, aqueous extract, ethyl acetate and butanol, the in vitro antisickling activities of Moringa oleifera fractions, were evaluated using erythrocyte cells deoxygenated with 2% sodium metabisulphite. p-Hydroxybenzoic acid and normal saline were employed as positive and negative controls. Results: Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of saponins, free anthraquinones, and alkaloids. Extracts of the seed and flower demonstrated a higher (P<0.05 antisickling activity in comparison to the leaf extract. The leaf extract, as well as those of the seed and flower, equally demonstrated a (P<0.05 reversal of sickled erythrocytes. Discussions and Conclusions: These findings suggest that Moringa oleifera may play a role in the management of SCD, by incorporation of its fractions into recipes. More extensive biological evaluations and further studies will be necessary for the chemical characterization of the antisickling principles.

  6. Effect of soil medium amendment on chemical composition and digestibility of Lolium multiflorum Lam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacek Sosnowski

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the effect of used soil medium amendment on the background of mineral fertilizers and on the chemical composition, and digestibility of dry matter of Lolium multiflorum Lam. (‘Gaza’ variety. Experiment with the cultivation of this species was carried out in the rings of polyurethane, in four replications. For each of the pots, eight ryegrass seeds were sown. After seeds germination when seedlings reached the two-three leaf stage, negative selection was made by removing the four weakest plants and then experimental factors were introduced in the form of the following combinations: NPK – mineral fertilization in annual doses of 0.6 g N, 0.25 g P2O5 and 0.9 g of K2O per ring, B-NPK – without fertilization, UG – soil medium amendment in the form of 0.25% solution and a dose of 3.7 cm3 per ring, B-UG – without soil medium amendment. Nitrogen fertilization (34% ammonium nitrate and potassium (60% potassium salt were used in three doses, and phosphorus (46% TSP in a single dose in spring. The soil medium amendment solution was used for watering plants in a phase of shooting. The full period of this experiment was in 2009-2010. During this time, the analysis of chemical composition of dry matter yield was performed for all cuts at the Institute of Technology and Life Sciences in Falenty. The using of soil fertilizer in cultivation of ryegrass led to increase the crude ash content, expand the sugar-protein ratio and slight improvement of dry matter digestibility of the tested plant material.

  7. Callogenesis in leaves of Kalanchoe pinnata Lam. by 2,4-D and BA action

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    M.R.A. Santos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Kalanchoe pinnata Lam. is a bush species of the Crassulaceae that is distinguished by its important medicinal properties. Its leaves are used as cataplasm to treat headaches and wounds. There is evidence for a hypotensive and anti-inflammatory effect. Techniques of plant tissue culture have been applied to plant species that produce substances likely to be explored in pharmacology, cell suspension being the main technique. At the industrial level, this method utilizes bioreactors in order to produce secondary metabolites on a large scale. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of in vitro combinations of 2,4-dichlorophenoxiacetic acid (2,4-D and benzylaminopurine (BA on callus induction in leaf explants of K. pinnata. Leaf fragments were inoculated in MS medium supplemented with 3.0% sucrose, 0.8% agar and factorial combinations of 2,4-D (0.00, 4.52, 9.06, 18.12 µM and BA (0.00, 4.44, 8.88, 17.76 µM. The cultures were kept in the darkness at 24±2ºC for 50 days. The percentage of callus induction and the area of explants covered by callus cells were evaluated. In the absence of growth regulators, callus induction did not occur, with necrosis of all explants. The highest percentage of callus induction was 100%, obtained with the combination of 9.06 µM 2,4-D and 8.88 µM BA, but the calluses covered only 25% of the leaf area. The most efficient combination was 4.52 µM 2,4-D and 8.88 µM BA, resulting in 91% callus induction with 50 to 100% of the explants being covered by callus cells.

  8. The aerial parts of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. protect against NSAID-induced gastric lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berenguer, B; Trabadela, C; Sánchez-Fidalgo, S; Quílez, A; Miño, P; De la Puerta, R; Martín-Calero, M J

    2007-11-01

    Guazuma ulmifolia Lam., a member of the Sterculiaceae family, is used in folk medicine because of its antioxidant, antimicrobial and antihypertensive properties. Most of the research work carried out on this plant has focused on the bark because of its high concentration of antioxidant proanthocyanidins. The flowers and leaves of Guazuma ulmifolia, though less studied, are also used as a remedy for different conditions, such as kidney and gastrointestinal diseases, fever and diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess the gastroprotective effects of an aqueous suspension of the ethanolic extract from leaves and flowers of Guazuma ulmifolia in a model of acute gastric ulcer induced by diclofenac as ulcerogenic agent, using the proton pump inhibitor omeprazole as a protection reference. Therefore, the extract was administered two times orally to three groups of Wistar rats at doses of 500, 250 and 125mg/kg, with a 24-h interval between doses. Diclofenac (100mg/kg) was given 1h after the last administration of the extract. Pretreatment with Guazuma ulmifolia or omeprazole decreased the ulcerated area in a dose-dependent way. Myeloperoxidase activity as a marker of neutrophil infiltration was slightly reduced in vivo, whereas in vitro, anti-inflammatory activity was clearly inhibited in a dose-dependent way. The lowest doses of the extract significantly decreased the levels of lipoperoxides, and superoxide dismuthase activity increased to a similar extent as with omeprazole (PGuazuma ulmifolia. Finally, there was a faint elevation in prostaglandin E(2) levels with all doses, though the depletion induced by diclofenac could not be reverted. We conclude that the aerial parts of Guazuma ulmifolia protect gastric mucosa against the injurious effect of NSAIDs mainly by anti-inflammatory and radical-scavenging mechanisms. PMID:17884315

  9. Identification of QTLs for Starch Content in Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Xiao-xia; ZHAO Ning; LI Hui; JIE Qin; ZHAI Hong; HE Shao-zhen; LI Qiang; LIU Qing-chang

    2014-01-01

    Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) breeding is challenging due to its genetic complexity. In the present study, interval mapping (IM) and multiple quantitative trait locus (QTL) model (MQM) analysis were used to identify QTLs for starch content with a mapping population consisting of 202 F1 individuals of a cross between Xushu 18, a cultivar susceptible to stem nematodes, with high yield and moderate starch, and Xu 781, which is resistant to stem nematodes, has low yield and high starch content. Six QTLs for starch content were mapped on six linkage groups of the Xu 781 map, explaining 9.1-38.8% of the variation. Especially, one of them,DMFN_4, accounted for 38.8% of starch content variation, which is the QTL that explains the highest phenotypic variation detected to date in sweetpotato. All of the six QTLs had a positive effect on the variation of the starch content, which indicated the inheritance derived from the parent Xu 781. Two QTLs for starch content were detected on two linkage groups of the Xushu 18 map, explaining 14.3 and 16.1% of the variation, respectively. They had a negative effect on the variation, indicating the inheritance derived from Xu 781. Seven of eight QTLs were co-localized with a single marker. This is the ifrst report on the development of QTLs co-localized with a single marker in sweetpotato. These QTLs and their co-localized markers may be used in marker-assisted breeding for the starch content of sweetpotato.

  10. Moringa Oleifera Lam Mitigates Oxidative Damage and Brain Infarct Volume in Focal Cerebral Ischemia

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    Woranan Kirisattayakul

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: At present, the therapeutic outcome of cerebral ischemia is still not in the satisfaction level. Therefore, the preventive strategy is considered. Based on the protective effect against oxidative damage of Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaves extract, we hypothesized that this plant extract might protect against cerebral ischemia, one of the challenge problems nowadays. In order to test this hypothesis, we aimed to determine the protective effect of M.oleifera leaves extract in animal model of focal cerebral ischemia induced by permanent occlusion of right middle cerebral artery. Approach: Male Wistar rats, weighing 300-350 g, were orally given the extract once daily at doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg kg-1 BW at a period of 2 weeks, then, they were permanently occluded the right Middle Cerebral Artery (MCAO. The animals were assessed the cerebral infarction volume and oxidative damage markers including MDA level and the activities of SOD, CAT and GSHPx enzymes at 24 h after occlusion. Results: Rats subjected to M.oleifera extract at all doses used in this study significantly decreased brain infarct volume both at cortical and subcortical structures in accompany with the elevation of SOD activity in both hippocampus and striatum while only the rats exposed to the extract at doses of 100 and 400 mg kg-1 BW showed the increased GSHPx activity in hippocampus. No the changes were observed. Therefore, our results demonstrates the potential benefit of M.oleifera leaves to decrease oxidative stress damage and brain infarct volume. Conclusion: This study is the first study to demonstrate the neuroprotective effect against focal cerebral ischemia of M.oleifera leaves. It suggests that M.oleifera may be served as natural resource for developing neuroprotectant against focal cerebral ischemia. However, the precise underlying mechanism and possible active ingredient are still required further study.

  11. Nematode resistance through mutation induction in a local variety of Naranjilla (Solanum quitoense Lam) in Ecuador

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main objective of this study was to achieve nematode resistance in Baeza, a traditional variety of naranjilla (Solanum quitoense Lam.) in Ecuador. Mutations by using gamma ray irradiation (60Co) were performed on true seed and axillary buds of Baeza. Radiosensitivity tests determined the most effective doses for naranjilla mutation. Mutated plants from seeds (50 Gy dose) were evaluated until M2 generation. Nematode-resistant plants from greenhouse evaluation were evaluated in situ at the main center of local production of naranjilla (Palora). Nematode resistance was observed for these materials and a severe infestation of Fusarium oxisporum and Pseudomonas solanacearum provoked their loss except for 35 resistant genotypes that are conserved as seeds in the genebank (-15 deg. C). The evaluation of resistance of these materials in the future may present great interest for breeders. At that moment, our experience determined that the evaluation of materials by using seeds was time and labor consuming, and then we concluded that the vegetative multiplication (tissue culture) was more efficient for naranjilla propagation. By using in vitro mutated naranjilla plants we started with MV4 material received from the Plant Breeding unit in Seibersdorf, Austria. Materials irradiated with two selected doses (5 Gy and 7 Gy) were evaluated in a greenhouse and plants are ready for field evaluation in Palora. The results achieved so far show that by using mutations clearly nematoderesistant materials can be obtained. However, further evaluation (following generations) must be done, it is clear that naranjilla mutations will contribute, with nematode resistant materials, to overcome the environmental and technical problems that farmers from the center of production of this species experience in the field. (author)

  12. Diagnostic Accuracy of Lateral Flow Urine LAM Assay for TB Screening of Adults with Advanced Immunosuppression Attending Routine HIV Care in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanifa, Yasmeen; Fielding, Katherine L.; Chihota, Violet N.; Adonis, Lungiswa; Charalambous, Salome; Karstaedt, Alan; McCarthy, Kerrigan; Nicol, Mark P.; Ndlovu, Nontobeko T.; Sahid, Faieza; Churchyard, Gavin J.; Grant, Alison D.

    2016-01-01

    Background We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of Determine TB-LAM (LF-LAM) to screen for tuberculosis among ambulatory adults established in HIV care in South Africa. Methods A systematic sample of adults attending for HIV care, regardless of symptomatology, were enrolled in the XPHACTOR study, which tested a novel algorithm for prioritising investigation with Xpert MTB/RIF. In this substudy, restricted to participants with enrolment CD495% irrespective of diagnostic reference standard, CD4 stratum, or whether grade 1 or grade 2 cut-off was used. Conclusion Sensitivity of LF-LAM is too low to recommend as part of intensified case finding in ambulatory patients established in HIV care. PMID:27271432

  13. Conservação e vigor de sementes de pau-de-balsa Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urban.

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto, Antonio Moçambite

    2013-01-01

    O experimento foi conduzido nos Laboratórios de Sementes do Departamento de Silvicultura e Manejo da Universidade Federal do Paraná e do Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Florestas da Embrapa e teve como objetivo definir um método para o armazenamento de sementes de Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urbano As sementes foram embaladas em sacos de papel tipo kraft e sacos de plástico ( 0,10 mm ) e armazenadas em ambiente de laboratório (22°C e 65% UR), câmara úmida (5°C e 86% UR) e câmara seca (15...

  14. EFEITO DE DIFERENTES SUBSTRATOS NA GERMINAÇÃO DE Ochroma pyramidale (CAV. EX LAM.) URB. (BOMBACACEAE)

    OpenAIRE

    Breno Pinto Rayol; Fabrízia de Oliveira Alvino

    2007-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar o efeito de diferentes substratos na germinação de Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urb. (Bombacaceae). O experimento foi conduzido em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com três tratamentos (substratos) e quatro repetições de 25 sementes. Foram testados os seguintes substratos: areia + vermiculita (1:1); vermiculita e, areia + serragem (1:1). Foi avaliado o efeito dos substratos pelo percentual de germinação das sementes, tempo médio de germinação e...

  15. Analisis Kandungan Kalsium, Kalium, dan Magnesium pada Daun Kelor (Moringa oleifera Lam.) Segar dan Direbus Secara Spektrofotometri Serapan Atom

    OpenAIRE

    Wahyuni, Sri

    2015-01-01

    Moringa oleifera Lam that we know as Moringa is the best-known species of the thirteen species of the genus Moringacae. Minerals contained in Moringa are calcium, copper, iron, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, sulphur, and zinc. Moringa leaves as a source of vitamins and minerals can be consumed in a way cooked, or eaten raw or dried into powder. One of the cooking method is boiling in the water. Vitamins and minerals are easily soluble in water is a nutrient that is quick...

  16. Recommendations for CAMAC Serial Highway drivers and LAM Graders for the SCC-L2 Serial Crate Controller

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The functional requirements of Drivers for the CAMAC Serial Highway defined in IEEE Standard 595-1976 are described. The description is independent of the implementation, and in particular no assumption is made about the boundary between hardware and software within the Driver. Topics covered are the user interface, the supporting system services required, demand handling, and a detailed discussion of the message analysis for various levels of error recovery. An appendix describes the recommended features of LAM Graders for use with the Serial Crate Controller Type L2 of IEEE Std 595-1976

  17. Investigation phytochimique d'une brosse à dents africaine Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepernick et Timler (Syn. Fagara zanthoxiloides L.) (Rutaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Chaaib Kouri F.

    2004-01-01

    Résumé: Dans le but de rechercher de nouveaux composés naturels à intérêt thérapeutique, les extraits dichlorométhanique et méthanolique de Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepernick et Timler (Syn. Fagara zanthoxyloides L.) (Rutaceae), une brosse à dents africaine ont été soumis à un criblage chimique et biologique. Un dépistage des activités: antifongiques contre le champignon phytopathogène Cladosporium cucumerinum et la levure commensale responsable de mycoses chez l'homme Candida albica...

  18. Global uniqueness in inverse boundary value problems for the Navier–Stokes equations and Lamé system in two dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We consider inverse boundary value problems for the Navier–Stokes equations and the isotropic Lamé system in two dimensions. The question of global uniqueness for these inverse problems, without any smallness assumptions on unknown coefficients, has been a longstanding open problem for the Navier–Stokes equations and the isotropic Lamé system in two dimensions. We prove the global uniqueness for both inverse boundary value problems. Our methodology is the same for both systems. The key is the construction of complex geometric optics solutions after decoupling the systems into weakly coupling systems. (papers)

  19. Genetic study of a membrane protein: DNA sequence alterations due to 17 lamB point mutations affecting adsorption of phage lambda.

    OpenAIRE

    Clément, J M; Lepouce, E; Marchal, C.; Hofnung, M

    1983-01-01

    Gene lamB encodes the outer membrane receptor for phage lambda in Escherichia coli K12. We have determined the DNA sequence alterations of 17 lamB point mutations which result in resistance to phage lambda h+. The mutations correspond to four phenotypic classes according to the pattern of growth of three phages which use the lambda receptor: lambda h (a one-step host-range derivative of lambda h+), lambda hh* (a two-step host-range derivative of lambda h+) and K10 (another lambdoid phage). Fo...

  20. In vivo and in vitro functional alterations of the bacteriophage lambda receptor in lamB missense mutants of Escherichia coli K-12.

    OpenAIRE

    Braun-Breton, C; Hofnung, M

    1981-01-01

    lamB is the structural gene for the bacteriophage lambda receptor in Escherichia coli K-12. In vivo and in vitro studies of the lambda receptor from lamB missence mutants selected as resistant to phage lambda h+ showed the following. (i) Resistance was not due to a change in the amount of lambda receptor protein present in the outer membrane but rather to a change in activity. All of the mutants were still sensitive to phage lambda hh*, a two-step host range mutant of phage lambda h+. Some (1...

  1. Regional pulmonary function by 133Xe gas and 99mTc-MAA in 11 cases with lymphangiomyomatosis (LAM)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The evaluation of the regional distribution of ventilation and perfusion was performed by 133Xe gas and 99mTc-MAA in 11 patients with LAM. We divided the lung images into six lung regions, the upper, middle, and lower lung fields of the left and right lungs, and classified the ventilation distribution pattern as one of three types according to the washout time. Prolongation of mean transit time (MTT) predominantly in the lower lung field was classified as type a, predominantly in the middle and upper lung fields as type b, and diffuse prolongation of MTT throughout the lung as type c. The classification included 16 cases of type b, four of type a, and two of type c. The 133Xe washout was predominantly delayed in the middle and upper lung fields in 73% of LAM cases. Pulmonary perfusion was reduced in the middle lung field and relatively increased in the lower lung field in comparison with healthy controls. A follow-up study of 133Xe gas lung scan was performed in three cases of type b. All the cases deteriorated and presented obstructive and restrictive disturbances without changes in the distribution pattern. These findings suggested that the washout type did not change with the progress of the stage of the disease. (author)

  2. Yönetimde yeni yönelimler bağlamında lider yöneticilik

    OpenAIRE

    Deliveli, Ömür

    2010-01-01

    Günümüzde değişen çağa uyum sağlayabilmek, yönetim örgütlerinin en önemli zorunluluğu haline gelmiş ve bu zorunluluk bütün yönetim örgütlerinin işleyişini, yapısını ve yöneticiden beklenen rolleri değiştirmiştir. Buna bağlı olarak günümüz yönetim yaklaşımlarında, yönetici değil daha çok lider yöneticiden beklenen olumlu davranışlar vurgulanmaya başlamıştır. Bu çalışmanın amacı; yeni yönelimler bağlamında ideal lider yöneticiyi tanımlayabilmek, ideal lider yönetici davranışlarını ve özellikler...

  3. Performance Comparison of a Matrix Solver on a Heterogeneous Network Using Two Implementations of MPI: MPICH and LAM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Jennifer K.

    1995-01-01

    Two of the current and most popular implementations of the Message-Passing Standard, Message Passing Interface (MPI), were contrasted: MPICH by Argonne National Laboratory, and LAM by the Ohio Supercomputer Center at Ohio State University. A parallel skyline matrix solver was adapted to be run in a heterogeneous environment using MPI. The Message-Passing Interface Forum was held in May 1994 which lead to a specification of library functions that implement the message-passing model of parallel communication. LAM, which creates it's own environment, is more robust in a highly heterogeneous network. MPICH uses the environment native to the machine architecture. While neither of these free-ware implementations provides the performance of native message-passing or vendor's implementations, MPICH begins to approach that performance on the SP-2. The machines used in this study were: IBM RS6000, 3 Sun4, SGI, and the IBM SP-2. Each machine is unique and a few machines required specific modifications during the installation. When installed correctly, both implementations worked well with only minor problems.

  4. Eugenia jambolana Lam. Increases lifespan and ameliorates experimentally induced neurodegeneration in C. elegans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Bezerra

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Summary. Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM, dyslipidemia (DL and inflammation (IF are associated with reduced lifespan (LS and increased risk of neurodegenerative diseases (NDG. Dysregulation in insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1 (IIS signaling, forkhead box O transcription factor (FOXO and Silent Information Regulators or Sirtuins (SIRT may be responsible. We investigated the effect of spray dried Jambolan (Eugenia jambolana Lam. fruit in Caenorhabditis elegans model for lifespan, amyloid b1-42 (Ab1-42 aggregation induced paralysis and MPP+ (1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium induced neurodegeneration. Effect on modulating critical genes involved signaling pathways important in IIS, LS and NDG were also studied in C. elegans. Results show suggest statistically significant increase in lifespan (9-22.7% coupled with a delay in Ab1-42 induced paralysis (11.5% and MPP+ induced paralysis (38-43%. Gene expression studies indicated a significant upregulation in expression of  C. elegans homologs of foxo, sirt1, dopamine D1 receptor and suggested a non-FOXO mediated mechanism of action.Industrial relevance. Jambolan is a bioactive-rich tropical fruit with high colorant potential. Despite this fact, its perishability has hampered its market and industrial use beyond the countries where it is cultivated. Considering that drying is a popular technique able to extend fruits shelf life and concentrate their natural bioactive compounds, this research investigates the health relevance of spray dried jambolan. Here we addressed the potential of dried Jambolan fruit to extend lifespan and inhibit the progression of experimentally induced neurodegeneration using the C. elegans model. We demonstrated that this convenient fruit product was able to increase the lifespan of C. elegans. The jambolan extracts also influenced some critical genes of signaling pathways relevant to metabolic diseases, aging and neurodegeneration. Based on our results, some insight about

  5. Fatty Acid, Flavonol, and Mineral Composition Variability among Seven Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam. Verdc. Accessions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming Li Wang

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Horse gram [Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam. Verdc.] seeds containing high concentrations of fatty acids, flavonols and minerals should provide government, public and private organizations with a nutritious and healthy food for use by malnourished and food deprived people worldwide. Seeds from seven horse gram accessions, geographically adapted to Griffin, GA, USA were analyzed for fatty acid, flavonol, and mineral concentrations using gas chromatography, reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography, and inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy, respectively. Significant year effects occurred for stearic, oleic, linoleic, arachidic, gadoleic, and lignoceric acids. Oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acid ranged from 8.9%–16.8%, 40.3%–45.6%, and 11.6%–14.3%, respectively, as percent of total fatty acids measured (total oil ranged from 2.32% to 2.87%. Seed concentrations of myricetin, quercetin, and kaempferol ranged from 0–36 μg/g DW, 0–27 μg/g DW, and 240–316 μg/g DW, respectively and the only year effect was observed for kaempferol among the horse gram accessions. Year effects were found for Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Ni, and S. Mean concentrations of macrominerals (Ca, K, Mg, P, and S and microminerals (Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Zn ranged from 1.3–14 mg/g DW, and 1.0–95.0 μg/g DW, respectively. Several correlations were observed among several fatty acids, flavonols, and minerals. The mono-unsaturated fatty acid, oleic acid correlated significantly with linoleic acid (r = −0.64, arachidic acid (r = −0.61, Ca (r = 0.50 and Zn (r = 0.51, all at P < 0.01. The flavonol, myricetin correlated significantly with quercetin (r = 0.92, P < 0.0001, while quercetin correlated with Ca (r = 0.82, P < 0.0001 and kaempferol correlated with Mg (r = 0.61, P < 0.01. Several mineral correlations were found including Fe with K (r = 0.66 and Mg (r = 0.56, both at P < 0.01. These seven horse gram accessions can be used in breeding programs to

  6. Extraction of pectic enzymes from of Lulo (Solanum quitoense lam) involved in softening

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main problem of post-harvest deterioration of Lulo (Solanum quitoense lam) is the softening is the main problem of post-harvest deterioration of Lulo that is generated mainly by the activity of pectic enzymes, which attack the structural network of the cell wall. this research was based on finding the best conditions structural cell wall network for extraction and measurement of enzyme activity pectinesterase (PE), polygalacturonase (PG) and pectato liasa (PL); tools needed to study the further role of these enzymes in the deterioration of pectatelyase fruit softening, due to various metabolic changes. It was found that the first two enzymes can be extracted simultaneously with 20 mm phosphate buffer pH 7.0, 0.06 m NaCl and 60 minutes of extraction, ratio 1:2 (plant material: extraction buffer), pectatelyase extracted with 20 mm phosphate buffer pH 7.0, 20 mm cysteine and 30 minutes of extraction, ratio 1:3. for quantification of pectinesterase activity is necessary to incubate 15 minutes at 42 Celsius degrade, 2500 μl of crude enzyme extract (EE) in 20 mm phosphate buffer pH 7.0, to 0.15 m NaCl and 1.6% citrus pectin as (CP) substrate with apparent km values of 3.78% CP and vmax 17.95 mol h+/min, mg prot. for the quantification of pectinesterase activity is necessary to incubate 15 minutes to 42 Celsius degrade 2500 μl of crude enzyme extract (EE) in 20 mm phosphate buffer pH 7.0, 0.15 m NaCl and 1.6% citrus pectin as substrate with apparent km values of 3.78% CP and 17.95 μ vmax mol h+/min Mg prot. for the quantification of polygalacturonase activity is necessary to incubate 15 minutes to 37 Celsius degrade 30 μl (EE) in 200 mm acetate buffer pH 4.5, 0.25 m NaCl and 1.0% of APG as substrate, with apparent km values 0.141% of APG and vmax 28.46 nkat/s mg prot. for the quantification of the pectatelyase activity is necessary to incubate 2 minutes to 17 Celsius degrade, 100 μl (EE) in buffer tris: HCl pH 8.5, 50 mm 4 mm CaCl2 and 0.1% PGA as substrate, with

  7. Content of heavy metals and naturally occurring radioactive material in Leucaena leucocaphala (Lam.) de wit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research was done to determine the content of heavy metals in Leucaena leucocaphala (Lam.) de Wit (Petai Belalang) at 5 different areas. Those areas were in the middle of city, former mining area, industrial area, domestic waste disposal area, and on expressway roadside. Heavy metal poisoning can happen if the concentration is too high and will cause severe damage to human health. For instance, it may cause gene mutation, cancer and damage to the human body systems. This plant was selected for the study of heavy metals and radionuclide content in the soil. The reason of selecting this plant is because this plant can live in extreme conditions, and perhaps able to absorb those elements better than other legumes. The aim of this study was to determine the content of toxic heavy metals in leaves, stems and roots of Leucaena leucocaphala including the soil where it is grown. The second objective was determine NORM in the soil where the plant grew and the last objective was to determine the transfer factor of heavy metals by the plant. The content analysis of toxic heavy metals for example Cu, Zn, Cd, Hg and Pb were determined by using the Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). Gamma ray spectrometry on the other hand, was used to determine K-40, Ra-226, U-238 and Th-232 in the soil where the plant was sampled. The activity concentration of Ra-226, K-40, U-238 and Th-232 determined were 7.47 ± 3.03 Bq/ kg - 256.92 ± 164.36 Bq/ kg, 95.55 ± 72.62 Bq/ kg - 435.60 ± 88.32 Bq/ kg, 21.83 ± 8.83 Bq/ kg - 165.28 ± 109.61 Bq/ kg dan 43.41 ± 7.06 Bq/ kg - 91.19 ± 11.13 Bq/ kg respectively. In general, the former mining area recorded the highest heavy metal concentration for Cu (28.20 ± 32.54 mg/ kg), Zn (114.67 ± 75,61 mg/ kg), Cd (0.31 ± 0.11 mg/ kg) and Pb (48.08 ± 33.60 mg/ kg). Whereas the highest concentration of As recorded was on the roadside (261.92 ± 132.64) and Hg (0.44 ± 0.36 mg/kg) in the middle of the city. (author)

  8. Characterization of a Thermobifida fusca beta-1,3-glucanase (Lam81A) with a potential role in plant biomass degradation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrath, Colleen E; Wilson, David B

    2006-11-28

    Thermobifida fusca is a filamentous soil bacterium that plays a major role in the breakdown of plant biomass. In this paper, we report the cloning, expression, purification, and characterization of the T. fusca enzyme, Lam81A. The Carbohydrate Active Enzymes Database (http://afmb.cnrs-mrs.fr/CAZY/) indicates that Lam81A belongs to a relatively uncharacterized family of beta-1,3-glucanases, family GH-81 [Coutinho, P. M., and Henrissat, B. (1999) in Recent Advances in Carbohydrate Bioengineering (Gilbert, H. J., Davies, G., Henrissat, B., and Svensson, B., Eds.) pp 3-12, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, U.K.]. Microarray analysis suggests that Lam81A plays a role in biomass degradation, where its natural substrate may be the plant cell wall polysaccharide, callose, which is a polymer of beta-1,3-linked glucose. Characterization of Lam81A has shown that the enzyme is specific for beta-1,3-linked glucose polysaccharides, is endohydrolytic, and utilizes an inverting mechanism for substrate hydrolysis. In addition, the enzyme has a broad pH optimum from 5.5 to 10, a temperature optimum of 50 degrees C, and demonstrates substrate inhibition, as well as showing a high basal level of expression. PMID:17115704

  9. Oriënterend onderzoek over de reuzen- en dwergplanten in F1 en volgende generaties van Phaseolus vulgaris L. x Phaseolus multiflorus Lam.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geerts, Sipke Johannes

    1949-01-01

    A cross is studied between the selffertilising bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) "Zeeuwse Bruine Boon" and crossfertilising runner bean (Phaseolus multiflorus Lam.) "stam" (a scarlet flowering stockrunner-bean) or some other (climbing) runners. With the bushbean as mother this cross easily results i

  10. Preface: Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Liquid and Amorphous Metals (LAM13) (Ekaterinburg, Russia, 8 14 July 2007)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popel, Pjotr; Gelchinskii, Boris; Sidorov, Valeriy

    2008-03-01

    The most recent developments in the field of liquid and amorphous metals and alloys are regularly updated through two complementary international conferences: the liquid and amorphous metals conference (LAM) and the rapidly quenched materials (RQ) conference. The first series of conferences started as LM1 in 1966 at Brookhaven for the basic understanding of liquid metals. The subsequent LM conferences were held in Tokyo (1972) and Bristol (1976). The conference was renewed in Grenoble (1980) as a LAM conference including amorphous metals and continued in Los Angeles (1983), Garmisch-Partenkirchen (1986), Kyoto (1989), Vienna (1992), Chicago (1995), Dortmund (1998), Yokohama (2001) and Metz (2004). The conferences are mainly devoted to liquid and amorphous metals and alloys. However, communications on some non-metallic systems such as semiconductors, quasicrystals etc, are also accepted. The conference tradition strongly encourages participation from junior researchers and graduate students. The 13th conference of the LAM series was organized in Ekaterinburg, Russia, by the Institute of Metallurgy of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IMet UB RAS) and the Ural State Pedagogical University (USPU), and held from 8-14 July 2007 under the chairmanship of Professors Pjotr Popel (USPU) and Boris Gelchinskii (IMet UB RAS). Two hundred and forty two active participants and about 60 guest participants from 20 countries attended the conference. There were no parallel sessions and all oral reports were separated into three groups: invited talks (40 min), full-scale oral reports (25 min), and brief oral reports (15 min). The program included ten sessions, ranging from purely theoretical subjects to the technological application of molten and amorphous alloys. The following sessions took place: A: Electronic structure and transport, magnetic properties; B: Phase transitions; C: Structure; D: Atomic dynamics and transport; E: Thermodynamics; F: Modelling

  11. Constituintes químicos voláteis e não-voláteis de Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae Volatile and non-volatile chemical constituents of Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena B. Barreto

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo fitoquímico do extrato etanólico das folhas de Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae, resultou no isolamento dos derivados benzilnitrilas niazirina, niazirinina e 4-hidroxifenil-acetonitrila, enquanto que das cascas dos frutos somente o octacosano foi obtido. Os óleos essenciais das folhas, flores e frutos foram analisados por cromatografia gasosa acoplada a espectrometria de massa. Os constituintes principais identificados foram: fitol (21,6% e timol (9,6% nas folhas, octadecano (27,4% e ácido hexadecanóico (18,4% nas flores e docosano (32,7% e tetracosano (24,0% nos frutos. As estruturas dos compostos isolados foram identificadas a partir de técnicas espectroscópicas (RMN, IV e EM. A 4-hidroxifenil-acetonitrila está sendo citada pela primeira vez para o gênero Moringa e os óleos essenciais das flores e frutos estão sendo citados pela primeira vez para a espécie M. oleifera.Phytochemical analysis of the ethanol extract from leaves of Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae, yield the benzylnitriles: niazirine, niazirinine and 4-hydroxyphenylacetonitrile, while of fruit shells only octacosane was isolated. The essential oils from leaves, flowers and fruits were examined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The major constituents identified were: phytol (21.6% and thymol (9.6% in the leaves oil, octadecane (27.4% and hexadecanoic acid (18.4% in the flowers oil, docosane (32.7% and tetracosane (24.0% in the fruits oil. The structures of all compounds were identified by spectroscopic analyses (NMR, IR and MS. 4-hydroxyphenylacetonitrile is reported for the first time to the Moringa genus and the essential oils of flowers and fruits are reported for the first time to the species M. oleifera.

  12. HPLC法测定白花蛇舌草药材中2种环烯醚萜类成分含量%Simultaneous determination of deacetylasperulosidic acid and scandoside in Hedyotis diffusa by HPLC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李乐道; 秦书德

    2011-01-01

    目的 建立白花蛇舌草药材中去乙酰基车叶草苷酸与鸡屎藤次苷的含量测定方法.方法 色谱柱:Pinnacleu C18柱(250 mm×4.6 mm,5 μm);流动相:甲醇-乙腈-1 mol·L-1冰醋酸(3∶2∶95);检测波长:230 nm;流速:1.0 mL·min-1.结果 去乙酰基车叶草苷酸与鸡屎藤次苷质量浓度分别在12~240 μg·mL-1(r=0.999 7)和10.8~216 μg·mL-1(r=0.999 8)范围内线性关系良好;平均加样回收率分别为101.1%和99.8%,RSD分别为2.8%和2.3%.结论 该方法简便、准确,重复性好,可用于同时测定白花蛇舌草药材中上述2种环烯醚萜类成分含量.%Objective To develop an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of deacetylasperulosidic acid and scandoside in Hedyotis diffusa . Methods The separation was performed on a Pinnacleu C18 column (250 mm× 4. 6 mm,5 μ/m) with methanolacetonitrile-water (3 ∶ 2 ∶ 95 ,containing 1 mol · L-1 acetic acid) as the mobile phase at the flow rate of 1. 0 ml· min-1. The UV detection was set at 230 nm. Results The calibration curve of deacetylasperulosidic acid and scandoside were linear in the concentration range of 12-240 μg· mL-1 ( r =0. 999 7) and 10. 8-216 μg · mL-1 ( r =0. 999 8). The average recoveries of deacetylasper ulosidic acid and scandoside were 101. 1 % and 99. 8% , respectively. The RSD of deacetylasperulosidic acid and scandoside were 2. 8%and 2. 3% , rcspectively. Conclusion The method is simple,accurate and reproducible. It can be used for determining deacetylasper ulosidic acid and scandoside simultaneously in Hedyotis diffusa .

  13. Superação da dormência em sementes de mutamba (guazuma ulmifolia lam. - sterculiaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Severino de Paiva Sobrinho; Aline Gonçalves Siqueira; Petrina de Bessa Morais; Sérgio José da Silva

    2012-01-01

    A Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. possui sementes com acentuada impermeabilidade a água, o que dificulta sua germinação. Avaliou-se o efeito do período de imersão das sementes em ácido sulfúrico (0, 4, 8, 12 e 16 min) e em água a 60 ºC por 0, 4, 8, 12 e 16 min, na emergência de plântulas, início da emergência e índice de velocidade de emergência. O experimento foi realizado em Laboratório de Biologia, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado em fatorial 2 (tratamento pré-germinativo) x 5 (períodos de ...

  14. The occurrence of Glyceria striata (Lam. Hitchc. in Europe and the new localities of the species in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartosz Piwowarski

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Glyceria striata (Lam. Hitchc. is a North American species that has been recorded in most, semi-natural habitats in Europe, e.g. in meadows, bog springs, margins of water bodies. It is circumscribed within two taxa of lower rank: G. striata subsp. striata and G. striata subsp. stricta. Only G. striata subsp. stricta has been reported from Europe. This paper gives a list of the European locali- ties of the species (48 and describes two newly discovered localities in Poland (the Wyżyna Małopolska upland and the Western Carpathian Mts.. The distribution of G. striata in Europe is mapped and potential migration routes of the species are discussed.

  15. Adi Çitlenbik (Celtis australis L.) ve Doğu Çitlenbiği (Celtis tournefortii Lam.)

    OpenAIRE

    YÜCEDAĞ, Cengiz; Hazin Cemal GÜLTEKİN

    2009-01-01

    Bu çalışmada, adi çitlenbik (Celtis australis L.) ve doğu çitlenbiği (Celtis tournefortii Lam.) tohumlarında soğuk-ıslak katlama ve ekim zamanının çimlenme oranına olan etkileri incelenmiştir. Bu işlemler, Eğirdir Orman Fidanlığı'nda iki ayrı deneme ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Sonuç olarak, ekim zamanları ve katlama işlemleri çimlenme oranları üzerinde önemli (p

  16. EFEITO DE DIFERENTES SUBSTRATOS NA GERMINAÇÃO DE Ochroma pyramidale (CAV. EX LAM. URB. (BOMBACACEAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breno Pinto Rayol

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar o efeito de diferentes substratos na germinação de Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam. Urb. (Bombacaceae. O experimento foi conduzido em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com três tratamentos (substratos e quatro repetições de 25 sementes. Foram testados os seguintes substratos: areia + vermiculita (1:1; vermiculita e, areia + serragem (1:1. Foi avaliado o efeito dos substratos pelo percentual de germinação das sementes, tempo médio de germinação e índice de velocidade de germinação (IVG. Houve diferença significativa entre os tratamentos em todas as variáveis observadas. As sementes, quando acondicionadas em vermiculita, apresentaram a maior taxa de germinação, maior velocidade e menor tempo de germinação.

  17. Prediction versus actual response of rocks in an excavation of underground cavern at the Lam Ta Khong pumped storage project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lertsgoon, P.N. [Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, Bangkruai Nonthaburi (Thailand)

    2003-07-01

    The Lam Ta Khong Pumped Storage Project represents the first underground power plant in Thailand, and involves the excavation of a large underground cavern. Its dimensions are a 25 span, 175 metres long and 49 metres high. It is excavated in sandstone and siltstone and houses 4 power generator units capable of producing a maximum of 1000 mega watts (MW). The work was completed in 2000. The feasibility study revealed questionable properties of the siltstone which governs the ceiling of the cavern, due to a slacking phenomenon. A comparison between prediction and actual ground responses during excavation was performed for construction safety. PHASES and PHASE2 software were used for the prediction, while the actual rock response was obtained using a monitoring system. The parameters on rock properties from back calculation used in the design were made obvious by the correspondence between the prediction and the actual responses. 2 refs., 1 tab., 5 figs.

  18. Classical torus conformal block, N=2∗ twisted superpotential and the accessory parameter of Lamé equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work the correspondence between the semiclassical limit of the DOZZ quantum Liouville theory on the torus and the Nekrasov-Shatashvili limit of the N=2∗ (Ω-deformed) U(2) super-Yang-Mills theory is used to propose new formulae for the accessory parameter of the Lamé equation. This quantity is in particular crucial for solving the problem of uniformization of the one-punctured torus. The computation of the accessory parameters for torus and sphere is an open longstanding problem which can however be solved if one succeeds to derive an expression for the so-called classical Liouville action. The method of calculation of the latter has been proposed some time ago by Zamolodchikov brothers. Studying the semiclassical limit of the four-point function of the quantum Liouville theory on the sphere they have derived the classical action for the Riemann sphere with four punctures. In the present work Zamolodchikovs idea is exploited in the case of the Liouville field theory on the torus. It is found that the Lamé accessory parameter is determined by the classical Liouville action on the one-punctured torus or more concretely by the torus classical block evaluated on the saddle point intermediate classical weight. Secondly, as an implication of the aforementioned correspondence it is obtained that the torus accessory parameter is related to the sum of all rescaled column lengths of the so-called “critical” Young diagrams extremizing the instanton “free energy” for the N=2∗ gauge theory. Finally, it is pointed out that thanks to the known relation the sum over the “critical” column lengths can be expressed in terms of a contour integral in which the integrand is built out of certain special functions

  19. Assessment of economic impacts using the Local Area Model (LAM) : Working Paper No. 7.2.3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On a national level for Canada, the economic impact of the construction phase of the proposed Alaska Highway Pipeline Project (AHPP) is very small. The economy will not be greatly affected and unemployment will decline only slightly. However, the proposed project will have a greater impact in British Columbia and will dominate the economy in the Yukon. Most of the construction labour force will have to come from outside of the Yukon and possibly outside of British Columbia and Alberta, qualifying the AHPP as a mega-project that requires resources from beyond the region. The Local Area Model (LAM) tool was developed by Informetrica Ltd. to assist communities in thinking through the economic impact of the AHPP. It is designed to help communities plan on gaining what they want from the pipeline development. In some instances, this may imply enhancing possible economic impacts, or it may mean reducing impacts. It was noted that the model is not limited to the AHPP. It is a valuable tool that can evaluate the economic impact of any project or spending decision on local communities. It is estimated that Yukon residents can take up to 20 per cent of the expected 6,000 pipeline-related jobs. This employment number includes direct, indirect and induced effects. The LAM can quantify the effect an event or a business can have on a community. The model consists of nine modules which calculate and measure the income, employment and tax impact of AHPP construction on the communities of Whitehorse and Haines Junction. 1 ref., 14 tabs., 1 fig

  20. Expression of meningococcal epitopes in LamB of Escherichia coli and the stimulation of serosubtype-specific antibody responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarvil, J; McKenna, A J; Grief, C; Hoy, C S; Sesardic, D; Maiden, M C; Feavers, I M

    1993-10-01

    The class 1 outer membrane protein (OMP), a major variable surface antigen of Neisseria meningitidis, is a component of novel meningococcal vaccines currently in field trials. Serological variants of the protein are also used to serosubtype meningococci. Most of the amino acid changes that give rise to antigenic variants of the protein occur in two variable regions (VR1 and VR2) that are thought to form loops on the cell surface. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify the nucleotide sequences encoding VR1 and VR2 from the chromosomal DNA of N. meningitidis strain M1080. These were cloned in frame into the lamB gene of the Escherichia coli expression vector pAJC264. Whole-cell enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), using monoclonal antibodies, and SDS-PAGE confirmed that, upon induction, strains of E. coli carrying these constructs expressed hybrid LamB proteins containing the N. meningitidis surface loops. These strains were used to immunize rabbits and the resultant polyclonal antisera reacted specifically with the class 1 OMP of reference strain M1080 (P1.7). Immunogold labelling of meningococcal cells and whole-cell dot-blot analyses with these antisera showed that the variable epitopes were exposed on the cell surface and confirmed that this approach could be used to obtain serosubtype-specific antisera. The binding profiles of the antisera were determined from their reactions with overlapping synthetic peptides and their reactivity compared with that of relevant serosubtype-specific monoclonal antibodies. This approach was used successfully to raise antisera against two other class 1 OMP VR2s. A fourth antiserum raised against a VR2, including the P1.1 epitope, was not subtype specific. PMID:7526119

  1. 白花蛇舌草抗肿瘤作用及其机制研究进展%Study Progress of the Anti-tumor Function and the Mechanism of Hedyotic Diffusa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱大诚; 尹小明

    2006-01-01

    白花蛇舌草Hedyotis diffusa willd为茜草科植物白花蛇舌草的全草,广泛分布于亚热带地区,我国长江以南各省诸有分布,别名蛇舌草、矮脚白花蛇利草、目目生珠草、蛇总管等近30个名称。其味苦、甘、性寒,归心、肺、肝、大肠经。清热解毒,利湿,抗癌,主治肺热喘咳、咽喉肿痛、肠痈疮疡、毒蛇咬伤、热淋涩痛、水肿、痢疾、肠炎、湿热黄疽、癌肿等。近年来,许多学者对白花蛇舌草的抗肿瘤作用进行了研究,为此,我们对白花蛇舌草的抗肿瘤作用及其可能机制作一综述。

  2. Study on microwave-assisted extraction process of total flavonoids in hedyotis diffusa%白花蛇舌草中总黄酮微波辅助提取工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军海

    2013-01-01

    研究了白花蛇舌草中总黄酮的微波辅助提取工艺,在单因素实验基础上,采用正交实验对提取工艺进行了优化.确定出最佳提取条件为:液料比20∶1 mL/g、φ(乙醇)=80%、微波时间120s、微波功率400W、微波温度70℃,在此条件下,总黄酮的提取率达3.46%.%Microwave-assisted extraction process of total flavonoids in hedyotis diffusa was studied.The extraction process was optimized by orthogonal experiment based on the single factor experiment.The optimum extraction conditions were determined as follows:liquid to solid ratio of 20 ∶ 1 mL/g,ethanol concentration of 80 %,microwave time of 120s,microwave power of 400W,microwave temperature of 70 ℃.The extraction ratio was up to 3.46% on the optimum conditions.

  3. Extraction of effective constituents from Hedyotis diffusae Willd. And study on its antibacterial effects%白花蛇舌草有效成分提取及抗菌作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何湘蓉; 李彩云; 易金娥; 苏建明; 刘湘新

    2008-01-01

    白花蛇舌草(Hedyotis Diffusa Willd.)又名蛇舌草、蛇针草、竹叶菜、蛇利草、羊须草、蛇总管、鹤舌草、白花十字草、龙舌草、细叶柳子等。为双子叶植物药茜草科一年生草本植物。生于旷野、池塘边、草丛中,分布于我国南部,味甘,性苦寒,人胃、大肠、小肠经。全草入药,有清热解毒、活血消肿及利湿作用。临床上常用于肺热咳喘、扁桃体炎、痈肿疔疮、咽喉炎、尿路感染、盆腔炎、阑尾炎、肝炎、菌痢、毒蛇咬伤等。

  4. Applicability of Moringa oleifera Lam. pie as an adsorbent for removal of heavy metals from waters Aplicabilidade da torta de Moringa oleifera Lam. como adsorvente para remoção de metais pesados de águas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Affonso C. Gonçalves Junior

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the efficacy of moringa seeds (Moringa oleifera Lam. as an adsorbent material for removing toxic heavy metals such as cadmium, lead, and chromium from contaminated solutions. The effect of the adsorbent mass was investigated at two pH conditions (5.0 and 7.0. The optimized conditions were 0.300 g of adsorbent at pH 5.0, used for the isotherms construction, and linearized according to Langmuir and Freundlich models. Results showed that cadmium adsorption was similar in both the models used. For lead, the Freundlich model had the best adjustment and chromium was better adjusted by the Langmuir model. It was concluded that the adsorbent was effective in the remediation of solutions containing cadmium, lead and chromium, thus, its use as sustainable alternative material is feasible, since it has low cost, does not need a previous treatment and it is a byproduct.Este estudo objetivou avaliar a eficácia do uso da torta de moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam. como material adsorvente dos metais pesados tóxicos cádmio (Cd, chumbo (Pb e cromo (Cr de soluções contaminadas. Nos testes cinéticos foram variadas as massas do adsorvente em duas condições de pH (5,0 e 7,0. As condições otimizadas foram pH 5,0 e massa de 0.300 g de adsorvente, utilizados para a construção das isotermas e linearizadas conforme os modelos de Langmuir e Freundlich. Realizou-se a determinação dos metais por espectrometria de absorção atômica. Os resultados mostraram que houve semelhança em ambos os modelos utilizados para a adsorção do Cd. Para o Pb, o modelo de Freundlich apresentou o melhor ajuste e, para o Cr, houve melhor ajuste pelo modelo de Langmuir. Conclui-se, com base nos resultados obtidos, que o adsorvente foi eficaz na remediação de soluções contendo Cd, Pb e Cr e, assim, é viável a utilização desse adsorvente como material alternativo sustentável, pois apresenta baixo custo, não necessita de tratamento prévio e se trata de

  5. Bioaccumulation of selected heavy metals by the water fern, Azolla filiculoides Lam. in a wetland ecosystem affected by sewage, mine and industrial pollution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wet, L.P.D. de; Schoonbee, H.J.; Pretorius, J.; Bezuidenhout, L.M. (Rand Afrikaans University, Johannesburg (South Africa). Depts. of Zoology and Botany, Research Unit for Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems)

    1990-10-01

    The bio-accumulation of the heavy metals, Fe, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, Mn and Cr by the water fern, Azolla filiculoides Lam. in a wetland ecosystem polluted by effluents from sewage works, mines and industries was investigated. Results showed that the different metals can be accumulated by the water fern at concentration levels not necessarily related to their actual concentrations in the aquatic environment, as measured in this case, in the bottom sediments. 45 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

  6. Karakterisasi Simplisia Dan Skrining Fitokimia Serta Isolasi Senyawa Steroid/Triterpenoid Dari Fraksi N-Heksana Daun Gaharu (Aquilaria Malaccensis Lam.)

    OpenAIRE

    Purnamasari, Intan

    2015-01-01

    Agarwood (Aquilaria malaccencis Lam.) is an aromatic plant of the family Thymelaeaceae. The leaves are used as herbal tea that can cure a variety of diseases, such as diabetes, asthma, rheumatic and to relieve stress. The purpose of this research was to determine the simplex characteristics, and to determine the group of compounds contained in agarwood leaves and the isolation of steroid/triterpenoid compounds. The isolates were characterized by ultraviolet and infrared spectrophotometries. ...

  7. One-step synthesis of highly-biocompatible spherical gold nanoparticles using [i]Artocarpus heterophyllus[/i] Lam. (jackfruit fruit extract and its effect on pathogens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagaraj Basavegowda

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available [b]Introduction[/b]. Novel approaches for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs are of great importance due to its vast spectrum of applications in diverse fields, including medical diagnostics and therapeutics. Te presented study reports the successful AuNPs’ synthesis using [i]Artocarpus heterophyllus[/i] Lam. extract, and provides detailed characterization and evaluation of its antibacterial potential. [b]Objective[/b]. The aim was to develop a cost-effective and environmentally friendly synthesis method of gold nanoparticles using aqueous fruit extract of [i]Artocarpus heterophyllus[/i] Lam. as a reducing and capping agent, which has proven activity against human pathogens, such as microbial species [i]E.coli[/i] and [i]Streptobacillus[/i] sps. [b]Materials and method[/b]. Characterizations were carried out using ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis spectrophotometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM, energy dispersive X-ray and Fourier-Transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR. [b]Results[/b]. SEM images showed the formation of gold nanoparticles with an average size of 20–25 nm. Spectra collected while infra-red analysis contained broad peaks in ranges from 4000–400 cm -1 . [b]Conclusions[/b]. It can be concluded that the fruit of [i]Artocarpus heterophyllus[/i] Lam. can be good source for synthesis of gold nanoparticles which showed antimicrobial activity against investigated microbes, in particul [i]E. coli[/i], and [i]Streptobacillus[/i]. An important outcome of this study will be the development of value-added products from the medicinal plant [i]Artocarpus heterophyllus[/i] Lam. for the biomedical and nanotechnology-based industries.

  8. Cloning of the LamA3 gene encoding the alpha 3 chain of the adhesive ligand epiligrin. Expression in wound repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, M C; Tizard, R; VanDevanter, D R; Carter, W G

    1994-09-01

    We have isolated cDNA clones encoding the entire 170-kDa chain of epiligrin (alpha 3Ep) and a genomic clone encoding the alpha 3Ep gene (LamA3). Analysis of multiple cDNA clones revealed two distinct transcripts (alpha 3EpA and alpha 3EpB). Sequencing of the alpha 3EpA transcript indicated sequence and structural homology to laminin alpha 1 and alpha 2 chains that extend from domain IIIa through the carboxyl-terminal G domain. The alpha 3EpB transcript encodes a larger amino-terminal domain and contains additional epidermal growth factor repeats and sequences corresponding to domain IV of alpha 1 laminin. Fluorescence in situ hybridization indicated that the LamA3 gene is located on chromosome 18q11.2, a locus distinct from the LamA1 gene (18p11.3). The G domain of the epiligrin alpha 3 chain contains five subdomains that are individually related to the G subdomains reported for Drosophila and vertebrate laminin alpha chains. Sequence divergence within the G domain of alpha 3 epiligrin suggests that it is functionally distinct from laminin, consistent with our previous report showing that epiligrin interacts with different integrin adhesion receptors. Analysis of RNA from human foreskin keratinocytes (HFKs) identified multiple epiligrin transcripts that were down-regulated by viral transformation and differentiation. In contrast, epiligrin expression was up-regulated in wound sites of human skin. PMID:8077230

  9. 白花蛇舌草抑制肝癌H22小鼠淋巴管转移的实验研究%Experimental Study on Inhibitory Effect of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd on Lymphatic Metastasis of Mice with Hepatocarcinoma H22

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洁; 李怀芝; 韩冰冰

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察白花蛇舌草对小鼠肝癌淋巴管转移的影响。方法:在小鼠右下肢爪垫内侧皮下注射接种腹水型肝癌H22瘤株,复制淋巴管转移模型。将模型小鼠随机分为5组,空白组每天灌生理盐水,大、中、小剂量组每天灌白花蛇舌草水煎液,对照组给予环磷酰胺腹腔注射。观察小鼠体质量、免疫器官、肺部转移率、爪垫移植瘤、淋巴结转移瘤等指标变化。结果:白花蛇舌草作用组的小鼠,体质量和免疫器官胸腺质量明显增长,肺部瘤结节数和肺部转移瘤生长指数均下降,且淋巴结转移数明显减少。结论:白花蛇舌草对H22肝癌淋巴管转移有一定抑制作用。%Objective:To observe effects of Hedyotis diffusa Willd in treating hepatocarcinoma lymphatic metastasis of mice. Methods:The H22 lymphatic metastasis models were established by subcutaneous injecting H22 cell line into the palmula of right lower limb. The model mice were randomly divided into 5 groups. The blank group was given normal saline daily,and large,medium,small-dose group were given Hedyotis diffusa Willd,and the control group were received cyclophosphamide by intraperitoneal injection daily. The changes of mouse’s body weight,the weight of immune organ,lung metastasis,paw pads transplantation tumor and lymph node metastasis were observed. Results:In Hedyotis diffusa Willd group,body weight and the weight of immune organs increased,lung nodules and lung metastasis tumor growth index were decreased,and the number of lymph node metastases was reduced. Conclusion:Hedyotis diffusa Willd has an inhibitory ef-fect on the metastasis of hepatocarcinoma lymphatic.

  10. Caracterización química del aceite y harina residual de solanum sisymbriifolium lam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiese, B.

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Seeds from Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam harvested at Olavarría (Buenos Aires, Argentine were defatted with hexane and the raw oil obtained with a yield of 20,6 % dry basis. The physicochemical characteristics of crude oil were: refractive index: 1,4610 (at 25ºC, iodine value: 112,8; saponification index: 170,0; unsaponifiable matter: 14,0 % and free fatty acid content: 2,4 (mg KOH/g. The fatty acid composition of seed oil was studied by gas-liquid chromatography. Major fatty acids of seed oil were: linoleic (52,3%, oleic (23,4 % and palmitic acid (16,4 %. The residual seed meal contained moderate level of crude protein (14,75%, dry basis, low level of available lysine (2,25 g/16gN and high content of crude fiber (51,5%, dry basis. Total and phytic acid phosphorous, calcium, ash, sugar and polysaccharides contents are reported.Semillas de Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam cosechadas en Olavarría (prov. de Buenos Aires, Argentina se trataron con hexano (soxhlet obteniéndose el aceite crudo (rendimiento:20,6% y la harina residual de extracción. Las características fisicoquímicas del aceite crudo fueron: Índice de refracción: 1.4610 (a 25ºC; Índice de iodo: 112,8; Índice de saponificación: 170,0; Insaponificable: 14,0%, Índice de acidez: 2,4 (mgKOH/g. Se determinó la composición acídica del aceite por cromatografía gas-líquido. Los ácidos grasos mayoritarios fueron: ácido linoleico (52,3%, ácido oleico (23,4% y ácido palmítico (16,4%. La harina residual de extracción contenía una moderada proporción de proteína cruda (14,75% b.s, baja proporción de lisina disponible (2,25 g/16gN y un alto contenido de fibra cruda (51,5 %b.s. Se informan valores de fósforo total y de ácido fítico, cenizas, calcio e hidratos de carbono.

  11. Phytochemical screening and studies of analgesic potential of Moringa oleifera Lam. stem bark extract on experimental animal model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shumaia Parvin

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The work has been done for the phytochemical investigation and study of analgesic activity of Moringa oleifera Lam. ethanolic stem bark extract using Acetic Acid Induced Writhing method. The effect of extract was tested for qualitative chemical analysis which reveals the presence of alkaloid, glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, saponin, carbohydrate etc. For peripheral analgesic effect acetic acid induced writhing test was used and for this stem bark extract was administered intraperitoneally at doses of 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg of body weight to young Swiss-albino mice. Both doses of the extract significantly inhibited writhing response induced by acetic acid in a dose dependent manner which is comparable to the positive control drug Diclofenac Na. These two different doses were found to exhibit 13.22% and 28.94% writhing inhibitory response respectively where the Diclofenac Na inhibited about 42.15% of writhes at a dose of 100mg/kg of body weight. The obtained results provide promising baseline information for the potential use of these crude extract in the treatment of pain.

  12. PHYLOPLANE ASSESSMENT OF LEAF AND STALK FOR CONSUMPTION AND MICROBIAL DIVERSITY OF SWEET POTATO (IPOMOEA BATATAS (L LAM., CONVOLVULACEAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.M. Ahana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The nutrient and microbial contents of the leaves and stalks of two varieties of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam., Convolvulaceae were determined using standard analytical methods in order to ascertain its quality as a food material. The samples were found to contain a diverse array of carbohydrates, proteins, dietary fats, crude fiber and ash containing mineral deposits with potential nutritional benefits. However, the quick perishability of the food material is a major constraint to its wider utilization for consumption and this was attributed to the microbial load in it. The leaves and stalks contained strains of bacteria and fungi whose analyses were determined using pour plate method. The purple variety samples had lesser numbers of microbial loads in it while the white variety samples had more microbial load in it on the pour plate method. The pour plate method is a microbiological procedure used for isolating and growing individual colonies of micro organisms in pure culture. Pure cultures of the isolated organisms were identified through their colony appearance and microscopic observation of the stained samples. Some biochemical tests were conducted for the characterization of bacteria isolates. The shelf life of sweet potato leaves and stalks can be ascertained knowing the particular microorganisms present. It is important that consumers of this food material always harvest cultivars that have no sign of deterioration and food safety precautions should be adhered to in order to avoid consuming the toxic anti-nutrients.

  13. Aculeatin, a coumarin derived from Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam., enhances differentiation and lipolysis of 3T3-L1 adipocytes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watanabe, Akio, E-mail: watanabea@jfrl.or.jp [Japan Food Research Laboratories, Osaka 567-0085 (Japan); Food and Biodynamic Chemistry Laboratory, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Miyagi 981-8555 (Japan); Kato, Tsuyoshi; Ito, Yusuke; Yoshida, Izumi; Harada, Teppei; Mishima, Takashi; Fujita, Kazuhiro; Watai, Masatoshi [Japan Food Research Laboratories, Osaka 567-0085 (Japan); Nakagawa, Kiyotaka; Miyazawa, Teruo [Food and Biodynamic Chemistry Laboratory, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Miyagi 981-8555 (Japan)

    2014-10-31

    Highlights: • Aculeatin promoted adipocyte differentiation. • Aculeatin improved glucose uptake. • Aculeatin enhanced adipocyte lipolysis. - Abstract: Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. (T. asiatica) has been utilized traditionally for medicinal purposes such as the treatment of diabetes. Currently, the extract is considered to be a good source of anti-diabetic agents, but the active compounds have yet to be identified. In this study, we investigated the effects of fractionated T. asiatica extracts on the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and identified aculeatin as a potential active agent. When 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were treated with aculeatin isolated from T. asiatica in the presence of insulin, aculeatin increased cellular triglyceride levels and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity. This indicated that aculeatin could enhance the differentiation of preadipocytes into adipocytes. Further analyses using a DNA microarray and real-time quantitative reverse-transcription PCR showed an increase in the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ target genes (Pparg, Ap2, Cd36, Glut4 and Adipoq) by aculeatin, suggesting that aculeatin enhances the differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells by modulating the expression of genes critical for adipogenesis. Interestingly, after treatment of differentiated adipocytes with aculeatin, glucose uptake and lipolysis were enhanced. Overall, our results suggested that aculeatin is an active compound in T. asiatica for enhancing both differentiation and lipolysis of adipocytes, which are useful for the treatment of lipid abnormalities as well as diabetes.

  14. Effect of Butea monosperma Lam. leaves and bark extracts on blood glucose in streptozotocin-induced severely diabetic rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faiyaz Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder that has significant impact on the health, quality of life and life expectancy, as well as on the health care system. Butea monosperma Lam. Kuntze (Fabaceae, commonly known as palash, is widely used in the treatment of various diseases and disorders including diabetes. Materials and Methods: The present study was planned to evaluate the antidiabetic effect of aqueous extracts of B. monosperma leaves and bark in streptozotocin-induced severely diabetic rats. The animals were divided into four groups, with each consisting of six rats, viz. control, diabetic control, leaf extract-treated and bark extract-treated groups. Treatment was continued for 6 weeks. The biochemical estimations included blood glucose and serum insulin levels. Histopathology of pancreas was also performed. Results: The results indicated that both leaf and bark extracts of B. monosperma produced insignificant antihyperglycemic activity. The leaf and bark extracts reduced blood glucose to an extent of 28% and 11%, respectively. It was also evidenced that both leaf and bark extracts did not increase insulin synthesis or secretion and did not improve pancreatic architecture as reflected by the histopathologic studies. Conclusions: The findings of the study emphasize that B. monosperma does not possess significant antidiabetic activity in severe experimental diabetes at the dosage tested.

  15. Cloning and Functional Analysis of Lycopeneε-Cyclase (IbLCYe) Gene from Sweetpotato, Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Ling; ZHAI Hong; CHEN Wei; HE Shao-zhen; LIU Qing-chang

    2013-01-01

    This paper reported firstly successful cloning of lycopeneε-cyclase (IbLCYe) gene from sweetpotato, Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Using rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE), IbLCYe gene was cloned from sweetpotato cv. Nongdafu 14 with high carotenoid content. The 1 805 bp cDNA sequence of IbLCYe gene contained a 1 236 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a 411 amino acids polypeptide with a molecular weight of 47 kDa and an isoelectric point (pI) of 6.95. IbLCYe protein contained one potential lycopeneε-cyclase domain and one potential FAD (flavinadenine dinucleotide)/NAD(P) (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate)-binding domain, indicating that this protein shares the typical characteristics of LCYe proteins. The gDNA of IbLCYe gene was 4 029 bp and deduced to contain 5 introns and 6 exons. Real-time quantitative PCR analysis revealed that the expression level of IbLCYe gene was significantly higher in the storage roots of Nongdafu 14 than those in the leaves and stems. Transgenic tobacco (cv. Wisconsin 38) expressing IbLCYe gene accumulated significantly moreβ-carotene compared to the untransformed control plants. These results showed that IbLCYe gene has an important function for the accumulation of carotenoids of sweetpotato.

  16. Adi Çitlenbik (Celtis australis L. ve Doğu Çitlenbiği (Celtis tournefortii Lam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cengiz YÜCEDAĞ

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, adi çitlenbik (Celtis australis L. ve doğu çitlenbiği (Celtis tournefortii Lam. tohumlarında soğuk-ıslak katlama ve ekim zamanının çimlenme oranına olan etkileri incelenmiştir. Bu işlemler, Eğirdir Orman Fidanlığı'nda iki ayrı deneme ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Sonuç olarak, ekim zamanları ve katlama işlemleri çimlenme oranları üzerinde önemli (p<0.001 bir etkiye sahip bulunmuştur. İki çitlenbik türünde de uygun soğuk-ıslak katlama süresi için 30-90 gün arasında bir zaman periyodu ve uygun ekim zamanı için ise kasım, aralık ve ocak aylarında ön işlem uygulamadan ekim önerilebilir.

  17. La pertinencia de imaginar modelos universitarios: El caso del Laboratorio: Aula Multimedia (LAM en la UAM Xochimilco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Andión Gamboa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo parte de un cuestionamiento sobre la pertinencia de imaginar modelos universitarios y para darle respuesta se explica desde una perspectiva teórica el papel de los modelos universitarios en los proceso de cambio y reconfiguración de la organización universitaria. Posteriormente, se hace una descripción de la experiencia que significó implantar un modelo “autóctono” dentro de un aula universitaria multimedia, en la Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Xochimilco, y su transfiguración en un laboratorio multifuncional. Al final, se reflexiona sobre este proceso de cambio organizacional, llegando a la conclusión que cuando los modelos se imaginan, diseñan, planean, aplican, evalúan y sirven a la comunidad, como es el caso del Laboratorio: Aula Multimedia (LAM, entonces resulta evidente la vigencia, relevancia y pertinencia de esta actividad académica.

  18. Chemomodulatory effect of Moringa oleifera, Lam, on hepatic carcinogen metabolising enzymes, antioxidant parameters and skin papillomagenesis in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bharali, Rupjyoti; Tabassum, Jawahira; Azad, Mohammed Rekibul Haque

    2003-01-01

    The modulatory effects of a hydro-alcoholic extract of drumsticks of Moringa oliefera Lam at doses of 125 mg/kg bodyweight and 250 mg/ kg body weight for 7 and 14 days, respectively, were investigated with reference to drug metabolising Phase I (Cytochrome b(5) and Cytochrome p(450) ) and Phase II (Glutathione-S- transferase) enzymes, anti-oxidant enzymes, glutathione content and lipid peroxidation in the liver of 6-8 week old female Swiss albino mice. Further, the chemopreventive efficacy of the extract was evaluated in a two stage model of 7,12 - dimethylbenz(a)anthracene induced skin papillomagenesis. Significant increase (pcroton oil application and continued till the end of the experiment, Group III ) and both peri and post initiation stages (from 7 days prior to DMBA application and continued till the end of the experiment, Group IV) compared to the control group (Group I ). The percentage inhibition of tumor multiplicity has been recorded to be 27, 72, and 81 in Groups II, III, and IV, respectively. These findings are suggestive of a possible chemopreventive potential of Moringa oliefera drumstick extract against chemical carcinogenesis. PMID:12875626

  19. Aculeatin, a coumarin derived from Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam., enhances differentiation and lipolysis of 3T3-L1 adipocytes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Aculeatin promoted adipocyte differentiation. • Aculeatin improved glucose uptake. • Aculeatin enhanced adipocyte lipolysis. - Abstract: Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. (T. asiatica) has been utilized traditionally for medicinal purposes such as the treatment of diabetes. Currently, the extract is considered to be a good source of anti-diabetic agents, but the active compounds have yet to be identified. In this study, we investigated the effects of fractionated T. asiatica extracts on the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and identified aculeatin as a potential active agent. When 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were treated with aculeatin isolated from T. asiatica in the presence of insulin, aculeatin increased cellular triglyceride levels and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity. This indicated that aculeatin could enhance the differentiation of preadipocytes into adipocytes. Further analyses using a DNA microarray and real-time quantitative reverse-transcription PCR showed an increase in the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ target genes (Pparg, Ap2, Cd36, Glut4 and Adipoq) by aculeatin, suggesting that aculeatin enhances the differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells by modulating the expression of genes critical for adipogenesis. Interestingly, after treatment of differentiated adipocytes with aculeatin, glucose uptake and lipolysis were enhanced. Overall, our results suggested that aculeatin is an active compound in T. asiatica for enhancing both differentiation and lipolysis of adipocytes, which are useful for the treatment of lipid abnormalities as well as diabetes

  20. Resurgence and the Nekrasov-Shatashvili Limit: Connecting Weak and Strong Coupling in the Mathieu and Lam'e Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Basar, Gokce

    2015-01-01

    The Nekrasov-Shatashvili limit for the low-energy behavior of N=2 and N=2* supersymmetric SU(2) gauge theories is encoded in the spectrum of the Mathieu and Lam'e equations, respectively. This correspondence is usually expressed via an all-orders Bohr-Sommerfeld relation, but this neglects non-perturbative effects, the nature of which is very different in the electric, magnetic and dyonic regions. In the gauge theory dyonic region the spectral expansions are divergent, and indeed are not Borel-summable, so they are more properly described by resurgent trans-series in which perturbative and non-perturbative effects are deeply entwined. In the gauge theory electric region the spectral expansions are convergent, but nevertheless there are non-perturbative effects due to poles in the expansion coefficients, and which we associate with worldline instantons. This provides a concrete analog of a phenomenon found recently by Drukker, Marino and Putrov in the large N expansion of the ABJM matrix model, in which non-pe...

  1. Aristoteles'in etik görüşü bağlamında ötanazi

    OpenAIRE

    Gök, Ahmet

    2015-01-01

    Ötanazi etik alanda ama özellikle tıp etiği alanında sıklıkla tartışılan önemli sorunlarından biridir. Ne var ki tartışma genellikle felsefi etikten kopuk olarak sürdürülmektedir. Oysa sorun etik (felsefi etik) alandan uzaklaşmadan yapılması durumunda, insan ve değer felsefesinin, etiğin ötanazi tartışmalarına ışık tutacağı söylenebilir. Bu tezde amaçlanan, ötanaziye Aristoteles’in etik görüşü bağlamında bakıldığında, bu bakışın, ötanazide ortaya çıkan kimi sorunların çözümünde...

  2. Antinociceptive effect of an ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of Hilleria latifolia (Lam. H. Walt. (Phytolaccaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Woode

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Hilleria latifolia (Lam. H. Walt. (Phytolaccaceae is a perennial herb used in Ghanaian traditional medicine for the treatment of various painful conditions. Little scientific evidence exists in literature on the effect of this plant on pain. Materials and Methods : The present study examined the antinociceptive effect of the ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of H. latifolia in chemical (acetic acid-induced abdominal writhing, glutamate, formalin, and capsaicin tests and thermal (tail immersion test behavioral pain models in rodents. The possible mechanisms of the antinociceptive action were also assessed with various antagonists in the formalin test. Results : The H. latifolia extract (HLE together with morphine and diclofenac (positive controls, showed significant antinociceptive activity in all the models used. The antinociceptive effect exhibited by HLE in the formalin test was partly or wholly reversed by the systemic administration of naloxone, theophylline, and atropine. Glibenclamide, ondansetron, yohimbine, nifedipine, and NG -l-nitro-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME, however, did not significantly block the antinociceptive effect of the extract. HLE, unlike morphine, did not induce tolerance to its antinociceptive effect in the formalin test after chronic administration; morphine tolerance did not also cross-generalize to HLE. Interestingly, also, the chronic concomitant administration of HLE and morphine significantly suppressed the development of morphine tolerance. Conclusion : Together, these results indicate that HLE produces dose-related antinociception in several models of chemical and thermal pain, without tolerance induction, through mechanisms that involve an interaction with adenosinergic, muscarinic cholinergic, and opioid pathways.

  3. The influence of deep frying using various vegetable oils on acrylamide formation in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam) chips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, P K; Jinap, S; Sanny, M; Tan, C P; Khatib, A

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the precursors of acrylamide formation in sweet potato (SP) (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam) chips and to determine the effect of different types of vegetable oils (VOs), that is, palm olein, coconut oil, canola oil, and soya bean oil, on acrylamide formation. The reducing sugars and amino acids in the SP slices were analyzed, and the acrylamide concentrations of SP chips were measured. SP chips that were fried in a lower degree of unsaturation oils contained a lower acrylamide concentration (1443 μg/kg), whereas those fried with higher degree of unsaturated oils contained a higher acrylamide concentration (2019 μg/kg). SP roots were found to contain acrylamide precursors, that is, 4.17 mg/g glucose and 5.05 mg/g fructose, and 1.63 mg/g free asparagine. The type of VO and condition used for frying, significantly influenced acrylamide formation. This study clearly indicates that the contribution of lipids in the formation of acrylamide should not be neglected. PMID:24344977

  4. Analysis of chemical composition and evaluation of antigenotoxic, cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of essential oil of Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ramaraj Thirugnanasampandan; Rajarajeswaran Jayakumar; Murugaiyan Prabhakaran

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To analyse the chemical composition of essential oil isolated from the leaves ofToddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. and to test its bioactive properties. Methods: Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis and antigenotoxicity, cytotoxicity and antioxidant studies of isolated oil. Results: GC-MS analysis of oil revealed the presence of 42 compounds. The major compound in the oil was β-phellandrene (21.35%). DNA protecting activity of oil was considerably significant against H2O2 induced genotoxicity in human lymphocytes. Concentration of oil needed to protect 50% of DNA was calculated as 100 μg/mL. Cytotoxicity of oil against breast (MCF-7) and colorectal (HT-29) cancer cells were observed with the IC50 value of (7.80±0.03) μg/mL and (100.00±0.16) μg/mL respectively. Considerable DPPH free radical, hydroxyl radical scavenging, iron chelation and inhibition of lipid peroxidation activities of oil were also studied. Conclusions: The results of the present study clearly indicate oil could be a promising candidate for food and drug preparation.

  5. Water extract of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd suppresses proliferation of human HepG2 cells and potentiates the anticancer efficacy of low-dose 5-fluorouracil by inhibiting the CDK2-E2F1 pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xu-Zheng; Cao, Zhi-Yun; Chen, Tuan-Sheng; Zhang, You-Quan; Liu, Zhi-Zhen; Su, Yin-Tao; Liao, Lian-Ming; Du, Jian

    2012-08-01

    Hedyotis Diffusa Willd (HDW), a Chinese herbal medicine, has been widely used as an adjuvant therapy against various cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the underlying anticancer mechanisms are yet to be elucidated. In the present study, the anticancer effects of HDW were evaluated and the efficacy and safety of HDW combined with low-dose 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) were investigated. HepG2 cells were cultured in vitro and nude mouse xenografts were established in vivo. The proliferation of HepG2 cells was measured using the MTT method and flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression levels of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), cyclin E and E2F1 were examined using relative quantitative real-time PCR and western blot analysis, respectively. The results showed that water extract of HDW remarkably inhibited HepG2 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner via arrest of HepG2 cells at the G0/G1 phase and induction of S phase delay. This suppression was accompanied by a great decrease of E2F1 and CDK2 mRNA expression. In addition, HDW remarkably potentiated the anticancer effect of low-dose 5-FU in the absence of overt toxicity by downregulating the mRNA and protein levels of CDK2, cyclin E and E2F1. Our findings support the use of HDW as adjuvant therapy of chemotherapy and suggest that HDW may potentiate the efficiency of low-dose 5-FU in treating HCC. PMID:22641337

  6. Litter Decomposition of Acacia caven (Molina Molina and Lolium multiflorum Lam. in Mediterranean Climate Ecosystems Descomposición de Hojarascas de Acacia caven (Molina Molina y Lolium multiflorum Lam. en Ecosistemas de Clima Mediterráneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Martínez G

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The ecosystems of the Mediterranean interior dryland of Chile, dominated by an espinal agroecosystem of Acacia caven (Molina Molina, show low productivity as a result of soil degradation. The objective of this study was to evaluate litter decomposition of A. caven and Lolium multiflorum Lam. in espinal ecosystems: well preserved (Wp 50 to 80%, typical (Pd 25 to 50%, and degraded (De with 10 to 25% cover. During 420 d and starting in April 2004 until August 2005, weight loss in litter bags and chemical composition (hemicellulose, cellulose, lignin, non-structural components, ash, N, C, C/N ratio, and P were determined by using near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS and the Van Soest protocol. Weight loss ranged from 31 to 52% in L. multiflorum and 26 to 40% in A. caven after 420 d. During the chemical decomposition process of L. multiflorum, cellulose degradation was relevant in the labile phase while lignin was important in the recalcitrant phase. On the other hand, non-structural components and cellulose were degraded in the labile phase and lignin in the recalcitrant stage for A. caven. Moreover, both litters improved N concentration during the decomposition process. Espinal ecosystems with higher canopy cover (Pd and Wp had a positive influence, and showed early effects during the decomposition process, especially in the De espinal ecosystem, probably because of the microenvironmental conditions it generated. A better knowledge of the dynamics of litter decomposition in ecosystems was achieved by using both techniques: litter bags and NIRS.Los ecosistemas del secano interior mediterráneo de Chile presentan una baja productividad debido a la degradación de los suelos, dominados por un agroecosistema espinal de Acacia caven (Molina Molina. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la descomposición de hojarascas de A. caven y Lolium multiflorum Lam., en ecosistemas espinales: densos (Wp con cobertura de 50-80%, poco densos (Pd 25-50% y

  7. Germinação de sementes e formação de mudas de Caesalpinia echinata Lam. (Pau - Brasil: efeito de sombreamento Seed germination and seedling growth of Caesalpinia echinata Lam. (Brazilwood: shading effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francismar Francisco Alves Aguiar

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Caesalpinia echinata Lam. (pau-brasil é a árvore nacional do Brasil, possui grande potencial ornamental, estando atualmente em perigo de extinção devido à exploração extrativista. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a germinação das sementes de C. echinata e o crescimento de mudas sob condições de sombreamento. Os experimentos foram conduzidos na Seção de Ornamentais do IBt/SMA, São Paulo, SP. As sementes foram coletadas de frutos maduros, de árvores-matriz no arboreto experimental de C. echinata em Mogi-Guaçu, SP. Os testes de germinação foram realizados nos anos de 1999, 2000 e 2003, com quatro repetições de 25 sementes cada, sendo avaliadas a porcentagem de germinação e o índice de velocidade de emergência (IVE, submetidas a cinco níveis de sombreamento (0, 20, 40, 60 e 80%. Mudas de C. echinata com nove meses de idade foram submetidas aos mesmos tratamentos de sombreamento das sementes, sendo as variáveis analisadas altura da planta, diâmetro do colo e número de folhas. O delineamento estatístico utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado, com quatro repetições e 24 plantas por parcela, totalizando 96 mudas por tratamento. Os resultados indicaram que a germinação e o IVE não sofreram influência dos níveis de sombreamento testados. O diâmetro do coleto das mudas a pleno sol, a 20 e 40% de sombreamento, não diferiram significativamente entre si, mas dos tratamentos de 60 e 80%.Caesalpinia echinata Lam. (Brazilwood, Brazil's national tree, has ornamental potential, and due to years of exploitation this species has been reduced on the verge of extinction. This study was aimed to evaluate seed germination and seedling growth of brazil wood under shading conditions. The experiments were conducted at the IBt/SMA Ornamental Department, São Paulo-SP. Seeds were harvested from ripe fruits, from trees of the experimental arboretum of brazilwood at Mogí-Guaçu-SP. The germination tests were carried out in 1999

  8. VARIABILIDAD MORFOLOGICA DE LA COLECCIÓN COLOMBIANA DE LULO (Solanum quitoense Lam. Y ESPECIES ELACIONADAS DE LA SECCIÓN Lasiocarpa MORPHOLOGICAL VARIABILITY OF THE COLOMBIAN COLLECTION OF LULO (Solanum quitoense Lam. AND RELATED LASIOCARPA SECTION SPECIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Lobo Arias

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Se categorizó la variabilidad morfológica de la colección colombiana de lulo Solanum quitoense Lam, especies relacionadas de la sección Lasiocarpa y entidades biológicas Solanaceae de otras secciones, como grupo externo. Se encontró amplia variabilidad morfológica cualitativa y cuantitativa en las dos variedades botánicas del lulo y las otras entidades biológicas de Lasiocarpa. Los 58 atributos morfológicos cualitativos fueron polimórficos en éste conjunto, con presencia de 73,9% del total de estados incluidos en los descriptores y 4,2 morfoalelos por variable. En el caso de S. quitoense, 52 de los 58 caracteres cualitativos exhibieron variabilidad, con 60% de las variantes totales de la lista de descriptores y 3,4 morfoalelos por característica. Igualmente, se encontró polimorfismo considerable en S. hirtum, S. pseudolulo y potencial de utilización, en dos materiales estudiados de S. vestissimum. A nivel cuantitativo se determinó diversidad en todas las variables estudiadas. El análisis de componentes principales de los caracteres cuantitativos reveló una alta contribución de las variables de fruto a la explicación de la variabilidad total de esta índole. Los fenogramas cualitativo, cuantitativo y cualitativo-cuantitativo, no detectaron materiales idénticos en los taxa estudiados. La mayor consistencia taxonómica fue exhibida por el fenograma obtenido con todas las variables cualitativas y cuantitativas.The morphologic variability of the Colombian collection of lulo, Solanum quitoense Lam, related species of section Lasiocarpa and Solanaceae taxa of other sections, as outgroup, was studied. Ample qualitative and quantitative morphologic variability was found in the two botanical varieties of lulo and the other studied Lasiocarpa species. The 58 qualitative morphologic attributes were polymorphic in this set of taxa, with 73,9% of the total qualitative states included in the descriptor list up today, with 4,2 morphoalleles

  9. 白花蛇舌草乙醇提取物对人结肠癌细胞HT-29Pim-1和Pim-2mRNA表达的影响%Effect of Herba Hedyotis Diffusa Ethanol Extract on mRNA Expression of Pim-1 and Pim-2 in Human Colon Cancer HT-29 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏丽慧; 林久茂; 彭军; 徐伟; 庄群川; 赵锦燕

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impacts of herba hedyotis diffusa ethanol extract on mRNA expression of Pim - 1 and Pim - 2 in human colon carcinoma HT - 29 cells. Methods Conventional in vitro culture was adopted for human colon carcinoma HT - 29 cells. Blank group and herha hedyotis diffusa ethanol extract groups of different concentrations( 1,3,5,10 mg · mL -1 )were divided and had received intervention for 24 h. The reversed microscope was used to ohserve the changes in cellular morphology. MTT assay was adopted to determine the impacts on HT - 29 cell proliferation with the medicine of different concentrations. Moreover, the medicine 5 mg · mL-l was used in the intervention for 1,3,6,12,24 and 48 h in succession and its impacts on HT - 29 cell proliferation was ohserved. RT - PCR assay was used to determine mRNA expression of Pim - 1 and Pim - 2 afterwards. Results After the intervention with herha hedyotis diffusa ethanol extract, HT - 29 cell density reduced apparently, the cells became smaller and were suspended,fallen and dead finally. HT - 29 cell proliferation was inhibited and dose - effect and time - effect relationships presented. Herba hedyotis diffusa ethanol extract down - regulated apparently mRNA expression of HT - 29 cell Pim - 1 ad Pim - 2 and the expression decreased while the increasing of medicine concentration,indicating a certain dose - time relationship. Conclusion Herba hedyotis diffusa ethanol extract inhibits significantly HT - 29 cell proliferation and down - regulates mRNA expression of Pim - 1 and Pim - 2 in human colon carcinoma.%目的 探讨白花蛇舌草乙醇提取物对人结肠癌细胞HT-29 Pim-1和Pim-2 mRNA表达的影响.方法 采用人结肠癌细胞HT-29常规体外培养,随机设定空白组和不同浓度(1、3、5、10 mg·mL-1)白花蛇舌草乙醇提取物组,干预24 h.倒置显微镜观察细胞形态变化;MTT法测定不同浓度药物对HT-29细胞增殖的影响,并用5 mg·mL-1浓度干预1、3、6、12

  10. Anti-inflammatory effect of Moringa oleifera Lam. seeds on acetic acid-induced acute colitis in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Minaiyan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Anti-inflammatory, immuno-modulatory, and antioxidant properties of Moringa oleifera Lam. suggest that it might have beneficial effects on colitis. The present study was performed to investigate the anticolitis effect of Moringa oleifera seeds hydro-alcoholic extract (MSHE and its chloroform fraction (MCF on acetic acid-induced colitis in rats. Materials and Methods: Both MSHE and MCF with three increasing doses (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg were administered orally to separate groups of male Wistar rats, 2 h before ulcer induction (using acetic acid 4% and continued for 5 days. Prednisolone (4 mg/kg and normal saline (1 ml/kg were used in reference and control groups, respectively. All rats were sacrificed 24 h after the last dose (at day 6 and tissue injuries were assessed macroscopically and pathologically. Results: Extracts with three doses mentioned before were effective to reduce weight of distal colon (8 cm as a marker for inflammation and tissue edema. Three doses of MSHE and two greater doses of MCF (100 and 200 mg/kg were effective to reduce ulcer severity, area, and index as well as mucosal inflammation severity and extent, crypt damage, invasion involvement, total colitis index, and MPO activity compared with controls. MCF (50 mg/kg was not significantly effective in reducing evaluated parameters of colitis compared with controls. Conclusion: It is concluded that MSHE and MCF were both effective to treat experimental colitis and this might be attributed to their similar major components, biophenols and flavonoids. Since the efficacy was evident even in low doses of MSHE, presence of active constituents with high potency in seeds is persuasive.

  11. Superação da dormência em sementes de mutamba (guazuma ulmifolia lam. - sterculiaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Severino de Paiva Sobrinho

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. possui sementes com acentuada impermeabilidade a água, o que dificulta sua germinação. Avaliou-se o efeito do período de imersão das sementes em ácido sulfúrico (0, 4, 8, 12 e 16 min e em água a 60 ºC por 0, 4, 8, 12 e 16 min, na emergência de plântulas, início da emergência e índice de velocidade de emergência. O experimento foi realizado em Laboratório de Biologia, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado em fatorial 2 (tratamento pré-germinativo x 5 (períodos de imersão, com três repetições de 20 sementes. O precondicionamento das sementes em ácido sulfúrico como em água mostrou-se eficiente na superação da dormência dessa espécie, promovendo aumento na porcentagem de emergência de plântulas e velocidade de emergência e redução no tempo para o início da germinação. A eficiência do tratamento químico com ácido sulfúrico foi obtida com um tempo de imersão de 8 min, enquanto no tratamento físico com água a 60 ºC a eficiência foi obtida com o tempo de imersão de 16 min.

  12. Identification of a proteinaceous component in the leaf of moringa oleifera lam. with effects on high serum creatinine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Sahoo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Moringa oleifera Lam. has been an important plant in the history of mankind, both for its nutritional and medicinal uses. Apart from bactericidal effects, the parts of this plant have been effectively used in the treatment of circulatory, respiratory, endocrine, digestive as well as neural disorders. Till date, though, there has been no reported activity of the involvement of any proteinaceous extract from M. oleifera on high levels of serum creatinine. To address this issue, blood samples with high levels of serum creatinine (2 mg/dl and above were treated with leaf extract from M. oleifera. The crude extract was partially purified initially and eventually purified to completion as well. All these proteinaceous fractions were used to treat samples with high levels of serum creatinine as mentioned above. While the treatment of serum sample having high creatinine with crude extract and partially purified protein fractions showed a decrease of approximately 20% in the levels of serum creatinine over a period of 24 h, the samples treated with purified protein fraction reduced the serum creatinine level by 50%. In light of the fact that increased level of serum creatinine levels have adverse downstream effects on the heart, lungs and other organs, this communication assumes significance because it suggests a way of reducing the level of serum creatinine as an emergency measure. Further, the identification and characterisation of this proteinaceous component and possible in vivo experiments would provide a major tool for the treatment of downstream complications associated with increased serum creatinine via a new sources, albeit a natural one.

  13. Combined use of stable isotopes and fallout radionuclides for assessing soil erosion and land degradation in Lam Dong region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fallout radionuclides 7Be and 137Cs were used to assess soil erosion rates at 90 sites within a 270 km2 catchment in Lam dong province. Soil erosion rates varied in a wide range and depended significantly on the slope, crops and farming practices. The rates ranged from 0.5 t ha-1y-1 to 14 t ha-1y-1 for forest land, from 5 t ha-1y-1 to 39 t ha-1y-1 for perennial crops and from 6 t ha-1y-1 to 42 t ha-1y-1 for annual crops. In areas with the same slope, the soil erosion rate was the highest for cashew plantations, lower for mulberry field and the lowest for tea or coffee plantations. Soil erosion had resulted in losing a significant quantity of plant nutrients such as OM, N, P2O5 and K2O every year, of which OM was lost up to 1435 kg ha-1 y-1 for annual crops and 1736 kg ha-1 y-1 for perennial crop land. Owing to soil erosion, the catchment has lost about 211200 tons of surface soil per year during last 50 years, corresponding to the rate of 7.8 t ha-1 y-1. The compound-specific stable isotopes technique was used for identifying sediment sources accumulated in Ham Thuan reservoir. The contribution of natural forest, planted forest, tea plantation, coffee plantation and annual crop lands to Ham Thuan reservoir sediment was 5%, 6%, 17%, 66% and 6% respectively. (author)

  14. Evaluation of a cost effective technique for treating aquaculture water discharge using Lolium perenne Lam as a biofilter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Wastewater stabilization ponds generate low cost by-products that are useful for agriculture.The utilization of these by-products for soil amendment and as a source of nutrients for plants requires a high level of sanitation and stabilization of the organic matter,to maintain acceptable levels of soil,water and air quality.In this study,two aquaculture wastewater treatment systems;recirculating system and a floating plant bed system were designed to improve the quality of irrigation Water in local communities with low income.In both systems the grass species Lolium perenne Lam was used as a plant biofilter while vegetable specie Amaranthus viridis was used to evaluate the performance of the system and the suitability of the phyto-treated water for irrigation.It was found that the harmful material removal rate for recirculating system was 88.9% for TAN (total ammonia nitrogen),90% for NO2--N,64.8% for NO3--N while for floating plant bed system 82.7% for TAN,82% for NO2--N and 60.5% for NO3--N.Comparative analysis of the efficiency of waste element removal between the two systems revealed that both systems performed well,however,plant growth was not robust for floating plant bed system while recirculating system is energy consuming.Although both systems did not attain sufficient levels of TN (total nitrogen) and TP (total phosphorus) load reduction,the treatment with L.perenne remarkably improved the irrigation water quality.A.viridis plants irrigated with the phyto-treated discharge water had lesser concentrations of heavy metals in their tissues compared to those irrigated with untreated discharge.The control plants irrigated with untreated discharge were also found to be highly lignified with few stems and small leaves.

  15. Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective Potentiality of Randia dumetorum Lam. Leaf and Bark via Inhibition of Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Cytokines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandimalla, Raghuram; Kalita, Sanjeeb; Saikia, Bikas; Choudhury, Bhaswati; Singh, Yogendra P; Kalita, Kasturi; Dash, Suvakanta; Kotoky, Jibon

    2016-01-01

    Randia dumetorum Lam. (RD) (Rubiaceae) is traditionally used by some tribes of Assam and Manipur of North East India for the treatment of liver ailments. In this context, to scientifically validate this indigenous traditional knowledge, we have evaluated the antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of RD leaf and bark. The methanol extracts of RD leaf and bark were evaluated for in vitro antioxidant activity which exhibited good antioxidant activity in terms of reducing power assay, total antioxidant assay and DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging assay. Total phenolic and flavonoid content were found to be 112 ± 3.24 mg and 138 ± 2.46 mg gallic acid equivalents/g extract and 2.6 ± 0.26 mg and 3.34 ± 0.31 mg rutin equivalents/g extract respectively for RD leaf and bark methanol extracts. The in vivo hepato protective activity of the RD leaf and bark extract was evaluated against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatic damage in male wistar rats. CCl4 administration induced hepatic damage in rats resulted in increased levels of aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, thiobarbituric acid reacting substances, albumin, bilirubin, TNF-α, IL-1β and decreased levels of total protein and antioxidant enzymes like superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione reductase. RD leaf and bark methanol extracts pre-treatment exhibited protection against CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity by reversing all the abnormal parameters to significant levels. Histopathological results revealed that RD leaf and bark extracts at 400 mg/kg protects the liver from damage induced by CCl4. The results of this study scientifically validate the traditional use of RD leaf and bark for the treatment of liver ailments. PMID:27471465

  16. Evaluation of a cost effective technique for treating aquaculture water discharge using Lolium perenne Lam as a biofilter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nduwimana, André; Yang, Xiang-Long; Wang, Li-Ren

    2007-01-01

    Wastewater stabilization ponds generate low cost by-products that are useful for agriculture. The utilization of these by-products for soil amendment and as a source of nutrients for plants requires a high level of sanitation and stabilization of the organic matter, to maintain acceptable levels of soil, water and air quality. In this study, two aquaculture wastewater treatment systems; recirculating system and a floating plant bed system were designed to improve the quality of irrigation water in local communities with low income. In both systems the grass species Lolium perenne Lam was used as a plant biofilter while vegetable specie Amaranthus viridis was used to evaluate the performance of the system and the suitability of the phyto-treated water for irrigation. It was found that the harmful material removal rate for recirculating system was 88.9% for TAN (total ammonia nitrogen), 90% for NO2(-)-N, 64.8% for NO3(-)-N while for floating plant bed system 82.7% for TAN, 82% for NO2(-)-N and 60.5% for NO3(-)-N. Comparative analysis of the efficiency of waste element removal between the two systems revealed that both systems performed well, however, plant growth was not robust for floating plant bed system while recirculating system is energy consuming. Although both systems did not attain sufficient levels of TN (total nitrogen) and TP (total phosphorus) load reduction, the treatment with L. perenne remarkably improved the irrigation water quality. A. viridis plants irrigated with the phyto-treated discharge water had lesser concentrations of heavy metals in their tissues compared to those irrigated with untreated discharge. The control plants irrigated with untreated discharge were also found to be highly lignified with few stems and small leaves. PMID:17966513

  17. Composição química e atividade alelopática do óleo volátil de Hydrocotyle bonariensis Lam (araliaceae) Chemical composition and allelophatic activity of essential oil from Hydrocotyle bonariensis Lam (araliaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Cristiane B. da Silva; Euclésio Simionatto; Sônia C. Hess; Marize T. L. P. Peres; Edésio L. Simionatto; Alberto W. Júnior; Nilva R. Poppi; Odival Faccenda; Ana C. da Silva Cândido; SILVANA P.Q. SCALON

    2009-01-01

    The volatile oil obtained from the leaves of Hydrocotyle bonariensis Lam (Araliaceae) was analyzed by GC, Chiral-GC and GC-MS. It was identified 14 compounds and the monoterpene (+)-limonene (53.6%) and sesquiterpene γ-muurolene (10.5%) were the main components. The allelopathic effects of the oil were evaluated against two seeds, Lactuca sativa and Allium cepa. The results show that the oil exhibited inhibition effects in the germination and seedling growth of plants species relative to...

  18. Allelopathic effects of aqueous and organic fractions of Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam. on germination and seedling growth of chickpea and wheat Efectos alelopáticos de fracciones acuosas y orgánicas de Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam. sobre la germinación y crecimiento de plántulas de garbanzo y trigo

    OpenAIRE

    Asif Tanveer; Muhammad Kamran Jabbar; Abdul Kahliq; Amar Matloob; Rana Nadeem Abbas; Muhammad Mansoor Javaid

    2012-01-01

    Identification of weed species with allelopathic potential and characterization of their adverse effects against associated crops is required for better understanding of weed-crop interactions. Phytotoxic activity of Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam. on germination and seedling growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) was investigated under controlled conditions. Two separate studies were done with each of four organic solvent fractions (n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl...

  19. Temperaturas cardeais e efeito da luz na germinação de sementes de mutamba Cardinal temperatures and effect of light on Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. seed germination

    OpenAIRE

    João C de Araújo Neto; Ivor B. de Aguiar; Vilma M Ferreira; Teresinha J. D. Rodrigues

    2002-01-01

    Guazuma ulmifolia Lam., conhecida como mutamba, é uma espécie arbórea característica dos estádios iniciais da sucessão secundária, com ampla ocorrência natural no Brasil. Possui grande potencial para recuperação ambiental de áreas degradadas. Neste trabalho, conduziram-se dois experimentos, nos quais as sementes foram extraídas e escarificadas antes da instalação dos testes de germinação. O primeiro experimento foi desenvolvido com sementes colhidas em outubro de 1995 e teve por objetivo defi...

  20. Composição química e atividade alelopática do óleo volátil de Hydrocotyle bonariensis Lam (araliaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Cristiane Bezerra da; Simionatto, Euclésio; Hess, Sônia Corina; Peres, Marize Terezinha Lopes Pereira; Edésio L. Simionatto; Wisniewski Junior, Alberto; Poppi, Nilva Ré; Faccenda, Odival; Cândido, Ana C. da Silva; Scalon, Silvana de Paula Quintao

    2009-01-01

    The volatile oil obtained from the leaves of Hydrocotyle bonariensis Lam (Araliaceae) was analyzed by GC, Chiral-GC and GC-MS. It was identified 14 compounds and the monoterpene (+)-limonene (53.6%) and sesquiterpene γ-muurolene (10.5%) were the main components. The allelopathic effects of the oil were evaluated against two seeds, Lactuca sativa and Allium cepa. The results show that the oil exhibited inhibition effects in the germination and seedling growth of plants species relative to the ...

  1. Influência dos processos de secagem sobre o teor de flavonoides e na atividade antioxidante dos extratos de Baccharis articulata (Lam. Pers., Asteraceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackson Borgo

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar o teor de quercetina obtido dos extratos de partes aéreas de Baccharis articulata (Lam. Pers., Asteraceae, submetidas a diferentes técnicas de secagem, bem como a avaliação de sua atividade antioxidante in vitro. Foi verificada maior concentração deste flavonoide nas amostras secas em estufa, porém não houve diferença significativa na atividade farmacológica das amostras analisadas.

  2. Effect of the Essential Oil Composition and Biological Activity of Ziziphora clinopodiodes Lam. on the Against Anopheles Stephensi and Culex pipiens Parva from Iran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The chemical composition of the essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. growing in Iran was analysed by GC and GC/MS. Twenty-six components accounting to 97.62% of the total oil were identified. The major components were pulegone (36.45%), piperitenone (19.12%), Menth-2-en-1-ol (5.31%), carvacrol (5.10%) neomenthol (4.78) and menthone (4.46%). The essential oil was tested against Anopheles stephensi and Culex pipiens larvae. The results obtained show that the essential oil could be considered as natural larvicidal agents. (author)

  3. Respuesta Fisiológica del lulo (Solanun quitoense Lam.) a la fertilización orgánica en Tinjacá, Boyacá

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Almanza; Pablo Serrano; Oscar Castro

    2008-01-01

    El trabajo se orientó hacia la evaluación de la respuesta fisiológicadel lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam. var. septentrionale). Para esto se emplearon tres tratamientos con fertilización orgánica (bocashi, mezcla bocashi + biol y biol), y uno con síntesis química (18-18-18), mediante la descripción de variables físicas y fisiológicas, con el fin de establecer el desarrollo y crecimiento óptimo de la planta durante tres intervalos. Se realizaron tres muestreos en diferentes estadios fisiológicosde...

  4. 白花蛇舌草对人肝癌 HepG2细胞裸鼠皮下移植瘤 PI3K/Akt 信号通路的影响%Effect of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd on PI3K/Akt Pathway in Nude Mice Implanted Hepatoma HepG2 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章尤权; 王清泰; 陈旭征; 魏建威

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨白花蛇舌草对人肝癌 HepG2细胞裸鼠皮下移植瘤组织磷酸酰肌醇3激酶(PI3K)、总蛋白激酶 B(Akt)和磷酸化 Akt(p-Akt)蛋白表达的影响。方法建立肝癌裸鼠皮下移植瘤模型,随机分为药物组(6 g·kg -1·d -1白花蛇舌草灌胃)和模型组(同等体积生理盐水灌胃),连续给药4周后处死,观察抑瘤率;免疫组织化学染色检测肿瘤组织 PI3K、总 Akt 和 p-Akt 蛋白的表达。结果与模型组比较,药物组瘤体质量明显下降(t =4.270,P =0.006),抑瘤率达61.29%;PI3K 蛋白表达灰度值从82.00±2.72升高至118.67±8.44(t =0.209,P =0.049);Akt 蛋白表达灰度值从72.37±2.89升高至105.19±4.718(t =2.050, P <0.001),p-Akt 蛋白表达灰度值从87.99±4.16升高至96.34±5.72(t =4.123,P =0.002),提示 PI3K、Akt 和 p-Akt 的蛋白表达水平均较模型组明显减低。结论白花蛇舌草通过可调控 PI3K/ Akt 信号通路的相关蛋白抑制肿瘤血管新生。%Objective To evaluate the effect of hedyotis diffusa willd on phosphoinositide 3 kinase(PI3K),pro-tein kinase B(Akt)protein and phosphorylated Akt(p-Akt)protein expressions in nude mice with hepatic carci-noma transplanted subcutaneously. Methods Nude mice xenografts were established. The mice were randomly divid-ed into 2 groups:the hedyotis diffusa willd group and the vehicle group,which received hedyotis diffusa willd(6 g·kg -1 ·d -1 ,intragastric administration)and normal saline( intragastric administration),respectively. After 4 weeks of treatment,the tumors were harvested and weighed. The levels of PI3K,Akt and p-Akt proteins were ob-served with immunohistochemical staining. Results The tumor weight of the hedyotis diffusa willd group were high-er than that of the vehicle group(t = 4. 270,P = 0. 006). The gray levels of PI3K,Akt and p-Akt in the hedyotis dif-fusa willd group(118. 67 ± 8. 44,105. 19 ± 4. 718,96. 34 ± 5. 72)were

  5. Correlations between the anatomical traits of Gymnocladus canadensis Lam. in heartwood and sapwood of early- and latewood zones of growth rings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jokanović Dušan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows correlations between vessel characteristics and differences in growth-ring width in heartwood and sapwood. Analyzed samples were from an iron-wood tree (Gymnocladus canadensis Lam. that grew in the Mužljanski Rit area, of the Srpska Crnja municipality in Serbia. According to previous research, it was deduced that Gymnocladus canadensis Lam. belongs to ring-porous species with big vessel lumen in the earlywood zone and thicker cell walls in the latewood. Vessels were more numerous in the latewood zone, and the same was true for heartwood and sapwood. For both layers, sapwood possessed a few more vessels than heartwood, and a statistically significant difference was confirmed by t-test during the early phase. The greatest negative value of correlation coefficient was between the number of vessels and growth-ring width during the early phase for sapwood. The number of vessels decreased in the wider growth rings. The correlation between growth-ring width and the area of vessels had a statistically significant positive value of correlative coefficient, which means that wider growth rings had larger vessel areas in the early phase for sapwood. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 31041

  6. Evaluation sensorielle du couscous de farine de manioc (Manihot esculenta, Crantz substituée par celle de patate douce (Ipomoea batatas, Lam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amadou, NM.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Consumer Acceptance of Cassava (Manihot esculenta, Crantz flour's fufu substituted by Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas, Lam Flour. This study investigated the consumer acceptance of fufu made by substituting cassava (Manihot esculenta, Crantz flour with sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas, Lam flour at the Food Technology and Post-harvest laboratory of IRAD in Bambui, Cameroon. Four samples of Fufu flour samples F0, F1, F2 and F3 obtained by substituting cassava flour with 0%, 20%, 40% and 50% potato flour respectively were compared. A panel of 30 persons (habitual consumers of Cassava fufu flour carried out a sensory evaluation of the four samples and gave their level of appreciation with regards to taste, aroma, colour, and texture. The study showed that, the substitution of cassava flour with sweet potato flour had no effect on the aroma of the fufu. The sample containing 20% of sweet potato flour (F1 showed no significant difference in texture and aroma compared (p>0.05 to the control (F0. It was also considered as having the best taste (p<0.05 and was the sample preferred by the panelists. In conclusion, an increase in the proportion of sweet potato flour in the cassava flour had a negative influence on the colour, texture, taste and on the acceptance of the fufu.

  7. Performance of Late Sown Wheat in Response to Foliar Application of Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaf Extract Rendimiento de Trigo Sembrado Tarde en Respuesta a la Aplicación Foliar de Extracto de Hojas de Moringa oleifera Lam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azra Yasmeen

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A rise in temperature during early spring inducing early maturity is a key yield-reducing factor in late sown wheat (Triticum aestivum L.. Moringa oleifera Lam. leaves are rich in zeatin, a cytokinin that plays a role in delaying leaf senescence, in addition to other growth-enhancing compounds such as ascorbates, phenolics, and minerals. The objective of this study was to optimize dose and optimum growth stage for foliar-applied moringa leaf extract (MLE and its role in delaying leaf senescence in late sown wheat. The wheat crop was shown on 16 December 2008; MLE (diluted 30 times was applied at different growth stages from tillering to heading and heading alone and distilled water was sprayed as a control. All the MLE treatment results were better than the control. However, an increase of 10.73%, 6.00%, 10.70%, and 4.00% was evident in 1000 grain weight, biological yield, grain yield, and harvest index, respectively, with MLE spray at tillering + jointing + booting + heading. The MLE spray used only at heading gave 6.84%, 3.17%, 6.80%, and 3.51% more than the control 1000 grain weight, biological yield, grain yield, and harvest index, respectively. The MLE extended seasonal leaf area duration (Seasonal LAD by 9.22 and 6.45 d over the control when applied at all growth stages and a single spray at heading, respectively. We conclude that it is possible that the presence of growth-promoting substances in MLE foliar spray can delay crop maturity and extend seasonal LAD and the grain-filling period, thereby leading to greater seed and biological yields in late sown wheat.Aumento en temperatura durante inicios de primavera induciendo madurez temprana es un factor clave en la reducción de rendimiento en siembra tardía de trigo (Triticum aestivum L.. Las hojas de Moringa oleifera Lam. son ricas en zeatina, una citoquinina que tiene rol en retraso de senescencia foliar, además de otros compuestos que mejoran crecimiento como ascorbatos, fenoles, y

  8. EXTRACCIÓN DE ENZIMAS PÉCTICAS DEL EPICARPIO DE LULO (Solanum quitoense Lam INVOLUCRADAS EN EL PROCESO DE ABLANDAMIENTO Exytraction of Pectic Enzymes from of Lulo(Solanum quitoense Lam Involved in Softening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JEIMMY MARCELA RODRÍGUEZ NIETO

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Durante el periodo de poscosecha el principal problema de deterioro del lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam es el ablandamiento que es generado principalmente por actividad de enzimas pécticas que atacan la red estructural de la pared celular. Esta investigación se basó en la búsqueda de las mejores condiciones de extracción y medida de actividad de las enzimas pectinesterasa, poligalacturonasa y pectato liasa; herramientas necesarias para estudiar posteriormente el rol de estas enzimas en el deterioro por ablandamiento sufrido por el fruto debido a diversos cambios metabólicos. Se encontró que las dos primeras enzimas pueden ser extraídas simultáneamente con buffer fosfatos 20 mM pH 7,0 + NaCl 0,06 M y 60 min de extracción, relación 1:2 (material vegetal: buffer de extracción, a su vez, pectato liasa se extrajo con buffer fosfatos 20 mM pH 7,0 + cisteína 20 mM y 30 min de extracción, relación 1:3. Para la cuantificación de la actividad pectinesterasa es necesario incubar 15 min a 42 °C 2.500 µL de extracto enzimático crudo (EE en buffer fosfatos 20 mM pH 7,0 + NaCl 0,15 M y 1,6% de pectina cítrica como sustrato, con valores de Km aparente de 3,78% de PC y Vmax 17,95 µmolH+/min*mg prot. Para la cuantificación de la actividad poligalacturonasa es necesario incubar 15 min a 37 °C 30 µL (EE en buffer acetatos 200 mM pH 4,5 + NaCl 0,25 M y 1,0% de APG como sustrato, con valores de Km aparente 0,141% de APG y Vmax 28,46 nKat/s*mg prot. Para la cuantificación de la actividad pectato liasa es necesario incubar 2 min a 17 °C 100 µL (EE en buffer TRIS:HCl 50 Mm pH 8,5 + CaCl2 4 mM y 0,1% de APG como sustrato, con valores de Km aparente 0,0865% de APG y Vmax 82,75 µg/s*mg prot.The main problem of post-harvest deterioration of lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam is the softening is the main problem of post-harvest deteriorarion of Lulo, that is generated mainly by the activity of pectic enzymes, which attack the structural network of the cell

  9. INDUCCIÓN DE FENILALANINA AMONIO LIASA EN FRUTOS DE LULO (Solanum quitoense Lam INFECTADOS CON Colletotrichum acutatum.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez Peralta Sixta Tulia

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Se evaluó la dinámica de la actividad fenilalanina amonio liasa (PAL en corteza de frutos de lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam con el fin de determinar su participación en respuestas bioquímicas hacia Colletotrichum acutatum. Se establecieron como mejores condiciones para la extracción de la enzima, amortiguador ácido bórico-borato de sodio 0.1M pH 8.8, 1% SDS, 3% PVPP y para medir la actividad, sustrato L-fenilalanina 5 mM, pH 8,0, 20°C, 30 μL de extracto y 45 min. Se realizó un ensayo in vivo usando frutos en tres estados de madurez, los cuales fueron inoculados con el patógeno o tratados con agua estéril. A cinco tiempos (hpi se determinó la actividad PAL y el contenido total de fenoles, encontrándose que hay una respuesta diferencial de la enzima por efecto del patógeno y por el estado de madurez. Para frutos en el estado pintón se obtuvo el mayor aumento de PAL, el que perduró hasta 48 hpi, al compararlo con los controles y con los otros dos estados de madurez. Este aumento mostró relación con un marcado incremento en el contenido total de fenoles y con el desarrollo más tardío de síntomas característicos de antracnosis, observado para los frutos pintones. Estos resultados permiten postular, una posible relación positiva entre inducción de PAL, aumento de fenólicos y respuesta de tolerancia a C. acutatum. Para lulos en estado verde y maduro se observó aumento de PAL a 12 y 24 hpi que coincidió también con incremento en el contenido de fenoles totales, aunque para estos dos últimos estados dicho contenido disminuyó significativamente a tiempos mayores.

  10. Beyond vegetative propagation of indigenous fruit trees: case of Dacryodes edulis (G. Don H. J. Lam and Allanblackia floribunda Oliv.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asaah, Ebenezar K.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Indigenous fruits/nuts of Africa’s humid tropics are increasingly being recognized for their contribution to food security, health (nutrition/medicine, income generation, employment and environmental benefits. However, cultivation of the trees yielding these fruits/nuts is constrained by lack of improved planting materials that are true-to-type and have a short enough juvenile phase to fruit production. In addition, information on both above and belowground growth attributes of these species is scarce. This paper presents an overview of the results of a doctoral research focused on two African indigenous fruit tree species, i.e. Dacryodes edulis (G. Don H. J. Lam (Burseraceae and Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. (Clusiaceae, which are currently under domestication. For D. edulis, the objective was to assess and compare the structural and fine rooting systems together with the above ground growth attributes of fruiting trees propagated either sexually or vegetatively. The research aim for A. floribunda was to shorten the long juvenile phase before first fruiting through grafting techniques. In summary, the results from the studies on D. edulis suggest that vegetative propagation of the species, reduces the long juvenile phase to fruiting and maintains trueness in the transfer of desirable traits over generations, it also results in trees that are apparently less competitive for below ground resources, have more stable root system, and are bigger in stature and higher in carbon sinks compared to trees of seed origin. In parallel, A. floribunda was shown to be amenable to grafting both under nursery and field (in situ conditions. Furthermore, a grafted A. floribunda tree transplanted in the field in 2007, flowered and carried a single fruit to maturity after 4 years, thereby reducing the long juvenile period to first fruit production from about 10-12 years reported in literature to less than 5 years. The findings of this doctoral research are

  11. Probing into Mobile Learning Applications on LAMS in Open Education%基于LAMS的移动学习在开放教育中的应用探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜俊

    2011-01-01

    基于LAMS的移动学习可以作为开放教育面授辅导教学的补充,满足成人学生自主学习的需要。根据移动学习与LAMS的特点,基于LAMS的移动学习能够根据学习时间的长短,实现单一性学习活动和序列性学习活动,从而满足多样化的自主学习需求。随着各类移动设备对LAMS的支持日渐完善,基于LAMS的移动学习将在教学领域拥有更广泛的应用空间。%Mobile learning based on LAMS(Learning Activity Management System) can be used as teaching supplement of face-to-face tutorial in open education,meeting the needs of adult students' autonomous learning.According to the characteristics of m-learning and LAMS,LAMS-based mobile learning enables a single sequence of learning activities and learning activities on sequentiality depending on the time of learning in order to meet the diverse learning needs.With the perfect support of all types of mobile devices to LAMS,LAMS-based mobile learning in the field of instruction will have a wider range of application.

  12. Fast analysis of volatile components of Achillea tenuifolia Lam with microwave distillation followed by headspace single-drop microextraction coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piryaei, Marzieh; Nazemiyeh, Hossein

    2016-04-01

    This article investigates the effect of microwaves on the amount of volatile compounds Achillea tenuifolia Lam with two methods, headspace single-drop microextraction and microwave-assisted headspace single-drop microextraction (MA-SDME), for the analysis of essential oil. Solvent selection, solvent volume, microwave power, irradiation time and sample mass were optimised by the simplex method. PMID:26329700

  13. Assessment of LaM0.25Mn0.75O3-δ (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) as promising cathode materials for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A series of oxides LaM0.25Mn0.75O3−δ (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) were synthesized. • Multivalent states of M and Mn ions are confirmed by XPS characterization. • LaCu0.25Mn0.75O3−δ exhibits the most excellent electrochemical property. • First principles calculation is employed to assistant elucidate conduction behavior. • LaM0.25Mn0.75O3−δ (M = Fe, Co, Ni) are also good enough as cathodes. -- Abstract: A series of novel perovskites LaM0.25Mn0.75O3−δ (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) are considered as promising cathode materials for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). Polycrystalline powders of LaM0.25Mn0.75O3−δ are synthesized by a modified Pechini method. Powder X-ray Rietveld refinements reveal that LaM0.25Mn0.75O3−δ series are in the orthorhombic perovskite structure within Pnma (no. 62) space group at room temperature. In situ high temperature X-ray diffractions indicate the existence of phase transformation from the orthorhombic Pnma phase to a higher symmetrical rhombohedral phase at elevated temperatures without any second phase formation for all these compounds. Multivalent states of M (Fe, Co, Ni and Cu) and Mn ions are testified by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurement (XPS). The electrical conductivity are measured to be 39.6, 85.3 and 48.1, 99.4 S cm−1 for M = Fe, Co, Ni and Cu, respectively and the corresponding impedance are 0.131, 0.106, 0.107 and 0.0634 Ω cm2 at 850 °C. Among these compounds, LaCu0.25Mn0.75O3−δ exhibits the highest electrical conductivity and the lowest electrode polarization resistances, which is consistent with its calculated smallest band gap and lowest oxygen vacancy formation energy. Moreover, they all exhibit excellent chemical compatibility with prototypical electrolyte Ce0.8Sm0.2O2−δ (SDC). While the overall electrochemical properties of LaM0.25Mn0.75O3−δ (M = Fe, Co, Ni) are high enough to fulfill the practical applications. Thus, these LaM0.25Mn0.75O3

  14. How Is LAM Treated?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... developed to prevent the immune system from rejecting kidney transplants. However, studies have shown that the medicine helps ... a high risk of complications, including infections and rejection of the transplanted lung by the body. Studies ...

  15. Atividade antibacteriana in vitro de inflorescências de Achyrocline satureioides (Lam.) DC. - Asteraceae ("macela", "marcela") sobre agentes bacterianos de interesse em alimentos In vitro antibacterial activity of inflorescences of Achyroclines satureioides (Lam.) DC. - Asteraceae ("macela", "marcela") on bacterial agents of interest in food

    OpenAIRE

    F.M Mota; H.H.C. Carvalho; J.M. Wiest

    2011-01-01

    Através de Testes de diluição em sistema de tubos múltiplos determinou-se in vitro, atividade antibacteriana em inflorescências de Achyrocline satureioides (Lam.) DC. - Asteraceae ("macela", "marcela"), expressa como Intensidade de Atividade de Inibição Bacteriana (IINIB/bacteriostasia) e Intensidade de Atividade de Inativação Bacteriana (IINAB/bactericidia), a partir de formas de extração etanólica (hidroalcoolaturas) e hídrica (decoctos), sobre inóculos padronizados de Enterococcus faecalis...

  16. Otimização dos tempos de mistura e decantação no processo de coagulação/floculação da água bruta por meio da Moringa oleifera Lam = Otimizing mixture and decantation times in the process of coagulation/flocculation of raw water using Moringa oleifera Lam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Cordeiro Cardoso

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Diversos coagulantes/floculantes estão sendo estudados ao que se refere à remoção de cor e turbidez da água bruta, entretanto, os coagulantes naturais têm demonstrado vantagens em relação aos químicos. A Moringa oleifera Lam é um polímero natural que vemganhando destaque no tratamento de água, pois atua como agente clarificante pela presença de uma proteína catiônica que desestabiliza as partículas contidas na água em meio líquido. Estetrabalho propõe a otimização dos tempos de coagulação, floculação e decantação, utilizando como coagulante diferentes concentrações da solução extraída da polpa da semente de Moringa oleifera Lam, para verificar a eficiência de remoção da cor e turbidez da água. Os ensaios foram realizados em “Jar Test”, utilizando diferentes tempos de mistura e decantação, com várias concentrações do biopolímero. Verificou-se que o tempo para propiciar a mistura rápida elenta, assim como a concentração do coagulante influenciaram a remoção dos parâmetros durante a coagulação/floculação/sedimentação.Several natural coagulants/flocculants are being studied to remove color and turbidity from raw water; however, natural coagulants have demonstrated advantages over chemical ones. Moringa oleifera Lam is a natural polymer that has become an important alternative in watertreatment, acting as a clarifying agent due to the presence of a cationic protein that destabilizes the particles contained in water in liquid form. This work proposes the optimization of the coagulation, flocculation and decantation times, using differentconcentrations of the solution extracted from the pulp of Moringa oleifera Lam seeds as coagulant, in order to verify its efficiency in removing color and turbidity from water. Jar tests were carried out, using different mixture and decantation times, with varyingconcentrations of the biopolymer. It was verified that the time required to achieve a fast and slow

  17. Research on Web-based INC Collaborative Learning Based on LAMS%基于LAMS的INC网络协作学习研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张颀

    2012-01-01

    This paper first analyzed the characteristics and deficiencies of web-based collaborative learning, constructed a web-based INC collaborative learning model combining incentive mechanisms. At last, the specific implementation was carried out in the LAMS (Learning Activity Management System)platform.%本文通过分析网络协作学习的特性和不足,构建了一个基于网络的Inc(incentive,富激励性的)协作学习模型,并在LAMS(Learning Activity ManagementSystem学习活动管理系统)平台上进行了具体实现。

  18. Análisis comparativo de la ejecución del algoritmo voraz de PRIM en modo lineal y paralelo (LAM-MPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Márquez Diaz

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se muestra cómo funciona el algoritmo voraz PRlM, tanto en ambientes paralelos como en secuenciales. El objetivo de estas pruebas es ver cómo la herramienta mpi puede trabajar en red y mostrar cómo los algoritmos voraces en lafase de ejecución pueden arrojar resultados satisfactorios al momento de utilizarlos. Para poder ejecutar el algoritmo voraz PRlM se usó un entorno de procesamiento secuencial utilizando un único computador y un entorno de procesamiento paralelo a partir de la implementaci6n dada con la programación de paso de mensajes (MP¡, denominada l.AM (Local Area MuIticomputer sobre el sistema operativo Linux. Los resultados obtenidos permiten concluir que a través del paralelismo virtual se logra disminuir el tiempo de procesamiento de un programa de esta naturaleza.

  19. 辣木营养器官的解剖学特征初探%Study on anatomical characteristics of nutritional organs of Moringa oleifera Lam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘春香; 闫文龙; 任安祥; 江雪媚

    2010-01-01

    关于辣木的栽培、繁殖、开发和利用等方面的研究报道相对较多,而辣木的形态解剖结构却尚无报道.以印度传统辣木品种Moringa oleifera Lam.为材料,采用石蜡包埋和徒手切片法系统观察比较了辣木的根、茎、叶及叶柄的形态解剖结构,指甲油粘片法观察了其叶表面的结构,明确了辣木营养器官的形态解剖结构特征,为辣木的生物学特性及相关研究提供解剖学依据.

  20. Caracterización palinológica y viabilidad polínica de physalis peruviana l. y physalis philadelphica lam.

    OpenAIRE

    Lagos, Tulio César; Caetano, Creuci María; Vallejo, Franco Alirio; Muñoz, Jaime Eduardo; Criollo, Hernando; Olaya, Cristián

    2010-01-01

    Physalis peruviana L. y P. philadelphica Lam. son dos solanáceas de importancia económica para Colombia y México. Existen grandes vacíos en el conocimiento de la palinología y viabilidad polínica de estas dos especies. Por lo tanto, el objetivo del presente trabajo fue caracterizar su grano de polen y determinar su viabilidad bajo condiciones con­trastantes de climas frío y cálido. La caracterización del polen se hizo a través de la técnica de acetólisis (en microscopía de luz) y por microsco...

  1. Le savoir-faire local dans la valorisation alimentaire des fruits du safoutier (Dacryodes edulis (G. Don H.J. Lam au Cameroun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noumi, GB.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The Local Know-how in the Valorisation of (Dacryodes edulis (G. Don H.J. Lam Fruits in Cameroon. Dacryodes edulis (G. Don H.J. Lam (Burseraceae is an oleaginous plant highly appreciated in the forest zone of Cameroon. This tree yields fruits called african pear or safou, highly consumed by local populations and even abroad. African pear is at the centre of a great economic activity in the Central Africa subregion as its trade generates cash for local traders during the production period. However, the valorisation of african pear is hindered by its high perishable nature responsible for important post-harvest losses due to lack of proper post-harvest handling. Some studies addressed the problem, unfortunately, nothing was done on the local know-how which has still to be investigated. The present paper sheds light on african pear local harvesting, handling and marketing practices in Cameroon. Field surveys were carried out in different production zones in Cameroon savannah and humid forest lowlands: Adamawa, centre, east, littoral and west provinces. Results showed that african pear occupies an important place in the population daily life. This multipurpose tree specie appears to be a source of foodstuffs, cash income, drugs and wood. If, on one hand diverse strategies are developed by the population for a proper conservation of fruits, on the other hand there is not a real fruits transformation activity. Results of this study highlight the traditional know-how and bring out prospects for future works on african pear valorisation.

  2. Aquaculture Solids Management Using A Combination of Sand/Gravel or Unwoven Fabric Bed With Lolium perenne Lam as A Plant Biofilter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Objective This work is an evaluation of the efficiency of a sand-gravel or unwoven fabric bed system and Lolium perenne Lam as plant biofiltter in the reduction of solids and nutrients removal from aquaculture discharge water. Methods The first step consisted of the collection of wastewater in the tank and the distribution at three different hydraulic loading regimes (0.5, 1, 1.5L/hour) to the different experimental systems. The second step was to evaluate the performance of the different systems. The first system consisted of a bucket filled with a substrate of sand/gravel (20 cm in depth), on the bottom of which was a 80 mesh/inch2 of nylon (S1); the second was similar, but was planted with Lolium perenne lam (S2); the third was planted with a grass plate consisting of 7 layers of unwoven fabric planted with L. perenne (S3). Results The second system showed the best performance in reducing solids as well as in nutrients (TN, TP, and COD) reduction. The removal rates for TS, TN, and TP were negatively correlated with the loading regimes, with 0.5 L/hour being the most efficient and thus taken as the reference. Conclusions Solids management using a sand/gravel substrate as bed culture and Lolium perenne L. as plant biofilter has proved to be an efficient technique for solids reduction with low operating cost. This grass plays an important role in wastewater eco-treatment by absorbing dissolved pollutants (TAN) as nutrients for its growth.

  3. Studies on antimicrobial effect of natural dyes and pigments obtained from the leaf of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. and Tectona grandis L.f.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basanti Majhi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available At present there is a renewed interest for value addition of textiles by using natural products. Many of the plant materials, from which natural dyes are obtained, also found to have some medicinal values. However, it is a matter of concern that the indigenous knowledge of extraction, processing and practice of using natural dyes has diminished to a great extent among the new generation of ethnic people due to easy availability of cheap synthetic dyes. In view of this, the present study was undertaken so as to revive and popularise the age-old art of dyeing with natural dyes.During the investigation dyeing materials were prepared from leaves of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. (Jack fruit and Tectona grandis L.f. (Teak. Silk fabrics were dyed with the extracted colouring materials and were estimated for their wash fastness to ensure the durability of the colour on the fabrics. Finally, the antimicrobial effect of the two different natural dyed fabrics was studied against Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Candida albicans and Aspergillus sp. The dye prepared from leaves of Tectona grandis L.f. was found to be most effective by showing maximum zone of inhibition as compared to Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. The textile material impregnated with two natural dyes resulted in the maximum zone of inhibition rate (65% against Escherichia coli as recorded in the silk samples dyed with Tectona grandis.It can be concluded that the natural dyes obtained from these two plants under study could provide special aesthetic values, which is not only environmentally friendly but gives added qualities to the textile production because of the antimicrobial potential of the dyes. 

  4. Efeito do glutaraldeído na adsorção de extrato proteico da Ipomoea Batatas (L Lam na superficie de uma zeólita analcima Effect of the glutaraldeide on the adsorption of proteic extract of the Ipomoea Batatas (L Lam in analcime zeolite surface

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. C. S. Gondim

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available A zeólita analcime (Na16Al16Si32O96.nH 2O foi submetida a ataque ácido com HCl 0,25 mol.L-1, seguido da funcionalização com glutaraldeído, foi imersa em extrato protéico obtido da polpa da batata-doce (Ipomoea Batatas (L Lam, que tem em sua composição a enzima polifenol oxidase (PFO. As amostras foram submetidas a procedimentos de caracterização por microscopia eletrônica de varredura, espectroscopia na região do infravermelho com transformada de Fourier e termogravimetria.The analcime zeolite (Na16Al16Si32O96.nH2O was treated with hydrochloric acid 0.25 mol.L-1, followed by the funcionalization with glutaraldehyde and immersed in the proteic extract obtained from gross extract of sweet potato pulp (Ipomoea Batatas (L Lam, which presents in its composition the polyphenol oxidase enzyme (PPO. Other samples were submitted to the same procedure with characterizations by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetry.

  5. Influence de Boscia senegalensis (Pers Lam. Ex Poir. (Capparaceae sur les capacités de dispersion de Dinarmus basalis Rond. (Hymenoptera- Pteromalidae dans les systèmes de stockage traditionnels de niébé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doumma, A.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Impact of Boscia senegalensis (Pers Lam. Ex Poir. (Capparaceae on the Dispersion Capacities of Dinarmus basalis Rond. (Hymenoptera- Pteromalidae in Traditional Storage System. In this study, the impact of Boscia senegalensis (Pers Lam. Ex Poir. (Capparaceae on dispersion capacities of Dinarmus basalis Rond (Hymenoptera-Pteromalidae, a solitary ectoparasitoïd of the development stages of bruchid pests of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L. Walp, within a traditional storage system is analysed. The results point out that, whatever the position of the treated patch, females of D. basalis are able to move between seeds of cowpea and some of them are able to localize and parasitize their hosts. In a non choice situation, the rates of parasitism observed were less important than the ones obtained when the patchs were not treated with B. senegalensis. Nevertheless in situation of choice, females seem to avoid the patch treated with the insecticidal plant B. senegalensis.

  6. Research on inhibitory action of herb Hedyotis Diffusae (TCM) extract on human cancer cells and solid tumor in mice%中药白花蛇舌草提取物对人体癌细胞及小鼠实体瘤的抑制作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒军

    2014-01-01

    Objective It is to explore the inhibitory action of herb Hedyotis Diffusae ( TCM) extract HD-1 on human cancer cells and solid tumor in mice .Methods MTT assay was used in the vitro experiments on human cancer cells .Growth inhibition of herb Hedyotis Diffusae extract HD -1 was analyzed in HepG2 cells and human colorectal cancer cell lines HCTI 16.Results of weight of tumor -bearing mice, tumor inhibition rate, thymus index and spleen index were compared on S 180 solid tumor in vivo mouse model between high -dose group and low dose group .Results In vitro experiments , inhibition rate of HD-1 extract on HepG2 and HCTI 16 were related to drug concentrations and drug effect time .In vivo experiments , the high HD-1group and low -HD-1 group tumor weight were reduced compared with the model group .Inhibition rates were 13.28%, 26.47%respectively.Spleen index in the high HD -1 group and low-HD-1 group was significantly higher than that in the model group (P<0.05).In the CTX group and CTX+HD-1 group, thymus index and spleen index , liver index, lung index were statistically significant (P<0.05).Concl usion Herba hedyotis diffusae (TCM) extract could inhibit HepG2 cells and human colon cancer cell lines HCTI 16 straight growth, and inhibit the growth of solid tumors in mice .%目的:探讨中药白花蛇舌草提取物( HD-1)对人体癌细胞及小鼠实体瘤的抑制作用。方法对人体癌细胞采用 MTT法进行体外实验,检测白花蛇舌草提取物HD-1对人肝癌细胞HepG2和人直结肠癌细胞株 HCTI 16生长的抑制作用;对S180实体瘤小鼠模型进行体内实验,对比高、低剂量的白花蛇舌草提取物HD-1对荷瘤小鼠体质量、抑瘤率、胸腺指数、脾指数等指标的影响。结果体外实验显示,中药白花蛇舌草提取物对HepG2和HCTI 16的抑制率和给药浓度、药物作用时间相关。体内实验显示,与模型对照组相比,高HD-1组、低HD-1组瘤质量均

  7. Evaluation of extracts of Moringa oleifera Lam seeds obtained with NaCl and their effects on water treatment - doi: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v34i3.9605

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Jurca Seolin

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Several natural coagulants have been studied for use in water treatment. The seed of Moringa oleifera Lam, for example, is a natural coagulant whose extract has been mentioned as effective not only for removing color, turbidity, and compounds with absorption at UV-254 nm, but also for significantly reducing the amount of sludge and bacteria in wastewaters. Therefore, the present study (1 evaluated the molecular weight of the extract of Moringa oleifera seed utilizing electrophoresis, and (2 compared the efficiency of different extracts obtained, using solutions of NaCl (0.01 M, 0.1 M and 1 M, distilled water, and Moringa oleifera Lam seed, acting as a natural coagulant in order to obtain drinking water. The tests were performed in Jar Test, and the effectiveness of the process was assessed regarding the removal of color, turbidity and UV-254 nm. It was observed that the molecular weight found in this study is consistent with literature data. Moreover, the highest removal efficiency of color, turbidity, and UV-254 nm occurred with 1M NaCl solution, with coagulant concentration between 100 and 300 mg L-1. The results obtained evidenced that the seed of Moringa oleifera Lam is a great alternative for use as a coagulant in drinking water treatment systems. 

  8. High-Q energy trapping of temperature-stable shear waves with Lamé cross-sectional polarization in a single crystal silicon waveguide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabrizian, R.; Daruwalla, A.; Ayazi, F.

    2016-03-01

    A multi-port electrostatically driven silicon acoustic cavity is implemented that efficiently traps the energy of a temperature-stable eigen-mode with Lamé cross-sectional polarization. Dispersive behavior of propagating and evanescent guided waves in a ⟨100⟩-aligned single crystal silicon waveguide is used to engineer the acoustic energy distribution of a specific shear eigen-mode that is well known for its low temperature sensitivity when implemented in doped single crystal silicon. Such an acoustic energy trapping in the central region of the acoustic cavity geometry and far from substrate obviates the need for narrow tethers that are conventionally used for non-destructive and high quality factor (Q) energy suspension in MEMS resonators; therefore, the acoustically engineered waveguide can simultaneously serve as in-situ self-oven by passing large uniformly distributed DC currents through its body and without any concern about perturbing the mode shape or deforming narrow supports. Such a stable thermo-structural performance besides large turnover temperatures than can be realized in Lamé eigen-modes make this device suitable for implementation of ultra-stable oven-controlled oscillators. 78 MHz prototypes implemented in arsenic-doped single crystal silicon substrates with different resistivity are transduced by in- and out-of-plane narrow-gap capacitive ports, showing high Q of ˜43k. The low resistivity device shows an overall temperature-induced frequency drift of 200 ppm over the range of -20 °C to 80 °C, which is ˜15× smaller compared to overall frequency drift measured for the similar yet high resistivity device in the same temperature range. Furthermore, a frequency tuning of ˜2100 ppm is achieved in high resistivity device by passing 45 mA DC current through its body. Continuous operation of the device under such a self-ovenizing current over 10 days did not induce frequency instability or degradation in Q.

  9. 菟丝子多糖H3的研究%STUDIES ON THE POLYSACCHARIDE H3 OF CUSCUTA CHINENSIS LAM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王展; 方积年

    2001-01-01

    AIM To study the structural characterization of an acidic polysaccharide, H3, isolated from the seeds of Cuscuta chinensis Lam. METHODS Both chemical (such as sugar component analysis, methylation analysis, reduction of uronic acid, partial acidic hydrolysis, etc.) and spectral analysis (1HNMR, 13CNMR, IR, etc.) were used to investigate the structural characterization of H3. RESULTS The molecular weight of H3 was estimated to be more than 1.0×106. The analytical results of sugar components indicated that H3 composed of Rha, Ara, Gal, and Gal A. Methylation analysis, partial acidic hydrolysis and 1H, 13CNMR further identified the linkages and sequence of the residues of H3. CONCLUSION These results suggest that H3 is a highly branched heteropolysaccharide with structure elucidation for the first time.%目的研究从中药菟丝子(Cuscuta chinensis Lam.)种子中提取分离所得的酸性纯多糖H3的结构特征。方法利用化学方法(糖组分分析、甲基化分析、糖醛酸还原和部分酸水解等)和光谱分析方法(1HNMR谱、13CNMR谱、IR谱等)对其结构进行了研究。结果 H3的分子量大于1.0×106,糖组分分析显示其是由阿拉伯糖、鼠李糖、半乳糖和半乳糖醛酸组成的,甲基化分析,部分酸水解和NMR光谱分析进一步揭示H3分子中各糖残基的连接方式及次序。结论 H3为一多分枝的结构复杂的杂多糖,为首次从该植物中分得。

  10. Influência da temperatura e da quantidade de água no substrato sobre a germinação de sementes de Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urban (pau-de-balsa) Influence of temperature and substrate moisture on seed germination of Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urban (balsa wood)

    OpenAIRE

    Michele Braule Pinto Ramos; Vania Palmeira Varela; Maria de Fátima Figueiredo Melo

    2006-01-01

    O presente trabalho foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar diferentes volumes de água no substrato e temperaturas na germinação de sementes de Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urban. Antes da instalação dos testes de germinação, as sementes foram tratadas com imersão em água quente a 80º C até o resfriamento, para superar a dormência. A semeadura foi realizada em rolos de papel germitest, umedecidos com volumes (mL) de água equivalentes a 1,5; 2,0; 2,5 e 3,0 vezes o peso do substrato nas te...

  11. Otimização dos tempos de mistura e decantação no processo de coagulação/floculação da água bruta por meio da Moringa oleifera Lam = Otimizing mixture and decantation times in the process of coagulation/flocculation of raw water using Moringa oleifera Lam

    OpenAIRE

    Karina Cordeiro Cardoso; Rosângela Bergamasco; Eneida Sala Cossich; Leila Cristina Konradt Moraes

    2008-01-01

    Diversos coagulantes/floculantes estão sendo estudados ao que se refere à remoção de cor e turbidez da água bruta, entretanto, os coagulantes naturais têm demonstrado vantagens em relação aos químicos. A Moringa oleifera Lam é um polímero natural que vemganhando destaque no tratamento de água, pois atua como agente clarificante pela presença de uma proteína catiônica que desestabiliza as partículas contidas na água em meio líquido. Estetrabalho propõe a otimização dos tempos de coagulação, fl...

  12. Antioxidant properties of various solvent extracts of total phenolic constituents from three different agroclimatic origins of drumstick tree (Moringa oleifera Lam.) leaves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddhuraju, Perumal; Becker, Klaus

    2003-04-01

    Water, aqueous methanol, and aqueous ethanol extracts of freeze-dried leaves of Moringa oleifera Lam. from different agroclimatic regions were examined for radical scavenging capacities and antioxidant activities. All leaf extracts were capable of scavenging peroxyl and superoxyl radicals. Similar scavenging activities for different solvent extracts of each collection were found for the stable 1,1-diphenyl 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH(*)) radical. Among the three different moringa samples, both methanol and ethanol extracts of Indian origins showed the highest antioxidant activities, 65.1 and 66.8%, respectively, in the beta-carotene-linoleic acid system. Nonetheless, increasing concentration of all the extracts had significantly (P flavonoid groups such as quercetin and kaempferol. On the basis of the results obtained, moringa leaves are found to be a potential source of natural antioxidants due to their marked antioxidant activity. This is the first report on the antioxidant properties of the extracts from freeze-dried moringa leaves. Overall, both methanol (80%) and ethanol (70%) were found to be the best solvents for the extraction of antioxidant compounds from moringa leaves. PMID:12670148

  13. Cambios en las propiedades fisicoquímicas de frutos de lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam. cosechados en tres grados de madurez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Isabel González Loaiza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En la investigación se evaluaron los cambios en las propiedades fisicoquímicas de frutos de lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam. en tres grados de madurez. Se utilizaron 300 frutos por grado de madurez y se determinaron las características físicas (peso, volumen, densidad, diámetro equivalente, índice de esfericidad, rendimiento de pulpa y cáscara y químicas (pH, acidez, sólidos solubles, índice de madurez (IM y contenido de vitamina C. Los resultados mostraron que la madurez no afecta significativamente las variables físicas, pero sí las propiedades químicas de los frutos (P < 0.01, de la forma siguiente: el pH (2.89 - 2.94, los sólidos solubles (6.58 - 9.04 °brix, el IM (1.83 - 2.84 y el contenido de vitamina C (ascórbico (4.17 - 11.95 mg/100 g de pulpa fresca; por el contrario, la acidez (cítrico disminuyó de 3.78 para 3.21 g/100 g de pulpa fresca (P < 0.01.

  14. Antioxidant Activity and Anti carcinogenic Properties of Combination Extract of Soursop (Annona Muricata Linn) and Pearl Grass (Hedyotis Corymbosa (L.) Lam.)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soursop (Annona muricata) has numerous traditional medicinal uses in South American and the Caribbean, and it has become a popular nutritional medicinal supplement. In the other hand, pearl grass (Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam.) has long been used traditionally as an anti-inflammatory. In this study, soursop and pearl grass combined to obtain extracts that have anticancer effects and anti-inflammatory effects, as most patients with cancer, particularly advanced breast cancer often experience inflammation. Two types of combination of extracts made by different solvents ie ethanol extract combination (CSEPE) and water extract combination (CSWPW) have been used. The anti carcinogenic properties of both extracts have been studied by using MTT assay. The anti oxidative activity of the extracts which could contribute to their cytotoxic properties was also studied by using DPPH assay. The results showed that the combination extract of ethanolic extract of soursop and pearl grass (CSEPE) has potential anti carcinogenic properties and the properties was decreased during the increment of incubation time but increased with the increasement of doses. However, the combination extract of water extract of soursop and pearl grass (CSWPW) did not displayed the potential anti carcinogenic properties. The anti carcinogenic properties of CSEPE could be due to their high antioxidant activities. (author)

  15. Stress responses of duckweed (Lemna minor L.) and water velvet (Azolla filiculoides Lam.) to anionic surfactant sodium-dodecyl-sulphate (SDS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forni, C; Braglia, R; Harren, F J M; Cristescu, S M

    2012-04-01

    Surfactants are used for several purposes and recently they have attracted the attention for their ability to modify the behavior of other preexistent or co-disposed contaminants, although their use or discharge in wastewaters can represent a real or potential risk for the environment. Lemna minor L. and Azolla filiculoides Lam. are floating aquatic macrophytes, very effective in accumulating several pollutants including sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS). In this work we evaluated the effects of SDS on these species by determining the stress ethylene production via laser-based trace gas detection, and the activities of enzymes involved in stress response, such as guaiacol peroxidase (G-POD), phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and polyphenol-oxidase (PPO). Phenolics content was also determined. The macrophytes were treated with different concentrations of SDS for one week. SDS affected duckweed enzymatic activities and phenol content. While in the fern phenolics amount, PAL, G-POD and PPO activities were not affected by SDS except for 100 ppm SDS, the only concentration that was taken up and not completely degraded. Stress ethylene production was induced only in the fern treated with 50 and 100 ppm SDS. PMID:22277247

  16. Radiation-induced DNA Double Strand Breaks and Their Modulations by Treatments with Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaf Extracts: A Cancer Cell Culture Model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gamma radiation brings deleterious effects upon human cells by inducing oxidative stress and DNA damages. Antioxidants have been shown to confer protective effects on irradiated normal cells. Moringa oleifera Lam. is a widely used nutritional supplement with antioxidant activities. This report showed that antioxidant-containing supplements, in addition to protecting normal cells, could protect cancer cells against genotoxic effects of gamma radiation. γ-H2AX immunofluorescent foci were utilized as an indicator of radiation-induced DNA double strand breaks. MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cells were irradiated with 2-8 Gy gamma radiation. A linear relationship between the formation of γ-H2AX foci and radiation dose was observed with an average of 10 foci per cell per Gy. A 30-minute pretreatment of the cells with either the aqueous or the ethanolic extract of M. oleifera leaves could partially protect the cells from radiation-induced DNA double strand breaks. A pretreatment with 500 µg/mL aqueous extract reduced the number of foci formed by 15% when assayed at 30 minutes post-irradiation. The ethanolic extract was more effective; 500 µg/mL of its concentration reduced the number of foci among irradiated cells by 30%. The results indicated that irradiated cancer cells responded similarly to nutritional supplements containing antioxidants as irradiated normal cells. These natural antioxidants could confer protective effects upon cancer cells against gamma radiation. (author)

  17. In-situ trace element analyses and Pb-Pb dating of zircons in granulite from Huangtuling, Dabieshan by LAM-ICP-MS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴元保; 陈道公; 夏群科; 涂湘林; 程昊; 杨晓志

    2003-01-01

    It is revealed by CL images that there are multi-stage growth internal structures of zircons in the Huangtuling granulite, including the inherited zircons, protolith zircons, sector and planar zone zircons and retrograde zircons. In-situ trace element compositions and Pb-Pb ages have been analyzed by LAM-ICP-MS. The sector and the planar zone domains show typical trace element characteristics of granulite zircon (low Th, U, Th/U, total REEs, clear negative Eu anomalies, relatively depleted HREE and small differential degree between MREE and HREE, etc.), indicating that they formed during granulite-facies metamorphism. The protolith zircons have trace element characteristics of crustal zircon (high Th, U, Th/U, total REEs and enriched HREEs, etc.). 12 analyzed spots on granulite-facies domains give a weighted mean 207Pb/206Pb age of (2154±26) Ma (MSWD = 3.8), which is the best estimated age of granulite-facies metamorphism of this sample. The weighted mean 207Pb/206Pb age of 5 analyzed spots on protolith zircon domains is (2714 ± 22) Ma (MSWD = 1.4), which represents the protolith forming time. The discovery of ca. 3.4 Ga inherited zircon indicates that there are Palaeoarchean continental materials in this area. The interpretation of formation conditions and the ages of zircons can be constrained by simultaneous in-situ analysis of trace elements and ages.

  18. Effect of Glomus mosseae and plant growth promoting rhizomicroorganisms (PGPR's on growth, nutrients and content of secondary metabolites in Begonia malabarica Lam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thangavel Selvaraj

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Begonia malabarica Lam. (Begoniaceae is one of the important medicinal plants whose main secondary metabolites are luteolin, quercetin and β-sitosterol. The leaves are used for the treatment of respiratory tract infections, diarrhoea, blood cancer and skin diseases. A study was undertaken to determine the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM fungus, Glomus mosseae, and some plant growth promoting rhizomicro-organisms (PGPR's on the growth, biomass, nutrients, and content of secondary metabolites of B. malabarica plant under green house conditions. Various plant growth parameters (total plant biomass, mycorrhizal parameter, shoot and root phosphorus, mineral content (potassium, iron, zinc, and copper, and secondary metabolites (total phenols, ortho-dihydroxy phenols, tannins, flavonoids, and alkaloids were determined and found to vary with different treatments. Among all the treatments, plants inoculated with 'microbial consortium' consisting of Glomus mosseae + Bacillus coagulans + Trichoderma viride performed better than with other treatments or uninoculated control plants. The results of this experiment clearly indicated that inoculation of B. malabarica with G. mosseae along with PGPR's enhanced its growth, biomass yield, nutrients and secondary metabolites.

  19. OBTENÇÃO DO BIODIESEL ATRAVÉS DA TRANSESTERIFICAÇÃO DO ÓLEO DE Moringa Oleífera Lam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Silva Oliveira

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A Moringa Oleífera Lam é uma oleaginosa que tem um grande potencial para a produção de bicombustível no semi-árido nordestino, uma vez que se adapta a várias condições climáticas. A semente produz entre 35 % a 40 % de óleo. O objetivo desse trabalho foi obter o biodiesel através do processo de transesterificação e caracterizar as propriedades físico-químicas do óleo e biodiesel de acordo com as normas estabelecidas pela ANP. O biodiesel foi produzido pela rota metílica com o catalisador KOH. Os resultados mostraram que a semente de moringa produz óleo em boa quantidade com características físico-químicas adequadas para ser usado como matéria prima na transesterificação para obtenção de biodiesel. O teor de óleo médio encontrado para as sementes de moringa foi de 40 %, fornecendo rendimento de 83,68% em biodiesel e conversão dos ácidos graxos em ésteres metílicos de 99,9 %.

  20. Morfologia de frutos e sementes e morfofunção de plântulas de Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Maria Ramos

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to characterize external and internal morphologic aspects of thefruit, seed, and plant of Moringa oleifera Lam. The fruits were collected in the forest garden ofFalculty of Agrarian and Veterinarian Sciences, São Paulo State University, Jaboticabal-SP, Brazil.It was observed that the Moringa fruits are brown simple darkness, dry of the type capsule, tendson average: 28.50 cm of length, 2.21 cm of width, 9.91 g of mass and with 12 seeds by fruit, itconsiderated fruits of medium and small size. The seeds are brown dark and they present threelines clear chestnut tree. The embryo is oleaginous, has a pair of cotyledons and the germination ishypogeal-cryptocotyledonary. The seed has1.037 cm of length and 1.0 cm of thickness of averageand have a considerate medium and light weight (197g/1000 seeds. The germination began eightdays after the planting and in the 25th day they left the primary leaves.

  1. 辣木的组织培养与快速繁殖%Tissue Culture and Rapid Propagation of Moringa oleifera Lam.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马崇坚; 王玉珍; 任安祥; 李海渤; 李绍林

    2007-01-01

    @@ 1植物名称辣木(Moringa oleifera Lam.). 2材料类别3~7 d实生籽苗. 3培养条件以MS为基本培养基.(1)实生籽萌发诱导培养基:MS+NAA 0.5 mg·L-1(单位下同)+6-BA 0.5;(2)愈伤组织诱导培养基:MS+NAA 1.0+6-BA 1.0;(3)芽诱导培养基:MS+NAA 0.5+6-BA1.0;(4)增殖培养基:1/2MS;(5)生根诱导培养基:1/2MS+NAA 1.0.以上培养基均加入4%蔗糖和7 g·L-1琼脂,pH 5.6~6.2,于121℃以0.11 MPa高压灭菌20 min.培养温度为(25±2)℃,光照时间为12 h·d-1,光照强度为40~60 μm0l·m-2·s-1.

  2. „Fóður eða fæða?'“ Skólamáltíðir grunnskólabarna

    OpenAIRE

    Hneta Rós Þorbjörnsdóttir 1980

    2014-01-01

    Grunnstef ritgerðarinnar er tengslin milli náttúru, umhverfis, fæðu og heilsu. Fjallað verður um þessi hugtök eins og þau birtast í umræðu um skólamáltíðir íslenskra grunnskólabarna. Börn þjást í síauknum mæli af ýmsum kvillum og lífstílssjúkdómum. Því er brýnt að beina sjónum að þeim fæðuvíddum sem börn búa við ekki síst af þeim sökum að mörg börn eyða drjúgum hluta dags innan veggja skólans. Skv. kenningu Bourdieu mótast bragðskyn og smekkur einstaklinga m.a. vegna áhrifa frá umhverfinu. Ma...

  3. Biochemical Aspects of a Serine Protease from Caesalpinia echinata Lam. (Brazilwood Seeds: A Potential Tool to Access the Mobilization of Seed Storage Proteins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscila Praxedes-Garcia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Several proteins have been isolated from seeds of leguminous, but this is the first report that a protease was obtained from seeds of Caesalpinia echinata Lam., a tree belonging to the Fabaceae family. This enzyme was purified to homogeneity by hydrophobic interaction and anion exchange chromatographies and gel filtration. This 61-kDa serine protease (CeSP hydrolyses H-D-prolyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-arginine-p-nitroanilide (Km 55.7 μM in an optimum pH of 7.1, and this activity is effectively retained until 50∘C. CeSP remained stable in the presence of kosmotropic anions (PO4 3−, SO4 2−, and CH3COO− or chaotropic cations (K+ and Na+. It is strongly inhibited by TLCK, a serine protease inhibitor, but not by E-64, EDTA or pepstatin A. The characteristics of the purified enzyme allowed us to classify it as a serine protease. The role of CeSP in the seeds cannot be assigned yet but is possible to infer that it is involved in the mobilization of seed storage proteins.

  4. Activation of Cellular Immunity in Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1-Infected Mice by the Oral Administration of Aqueous Extract of Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurokawa, Masahiko; Wadhwani, Ashish; Kai, Hisahiro; Hidaka, Muneaki; Yoshida, Hiroki; Sugita, Chihiro; Watanabe, Wataru; Matsuno, Koji; Hagiwara, Akinori

    2016-05-01

    Moringa oleifera Lam. is used as a nutritive vegetable and spice. Its ethanol extract has been previously shown to be significantly effective in alleviating herpetic skin lesions in mice. In this study, we evaluated the alleviation by the aqueous extract (AqMOL) and assessed the mode of its anti-herpetic action in a murine cutaneous herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection model. AqMOL (300 mg/kg) was administered orally to HSV-1-infected mice three times daily on days 0 to 5 after infection. AqMOL significantly limited the development of herpetic skin lesions and reduced virus titers in the brain on day 4 without toxicity. Delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction to inactivated HSV-1 antigen was significantly stronger in infected mice administered AqMOL and AqMOL augmented interferon (IFN)-γ production by HSV-1 antigen from splenocytes of HSV-1-infected mice at 4 days post-infection. AqMOL administration was effective in elevating the ratio of CD11b(+) and CD49b(+) subpopulations of splenocytes in infected mice. As DTH is a major host defense mechanism for intradermal HSV infection, augmentation of the DTH response by AqMOL may contribute to their efficacies against HSV-1 infection. These results provided an important insights into the mechanism by which AqMOL activates cellular immunity. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:26814058

  5. Radiation-induced DNA Double Strand Breaks and Their Modulations by Treatments with Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaf Extracts: A Cancer Cell Culture Model

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    K. Boonsirichai

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Gamma radiation brings deleterious effects upon human cells by inducing oxidative stress and DNA damages. Antioxidants have been shown to confer protective effects on irradiated normal cells. Moringa oleifera Lam. is a widely used nutritional supplement with antioxidant activities. This report showed that antioxidant-containing supplements, in addition to protecting normal cells, could protect cancer cells against genotoxic effects of gamma radiation. -H2AX immunofluorescent foci were utilized as an indicator of radiation-induced DNA double strand breaks. MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cells were irradiated with 2-8 Gy gamma radiation. A linear relationship between the formation of -H2AX foci and radiation dose was observed with an average of 10 foci per cell per Gy. A 30-minute pretreatment of the cells with either the aqueous or the ethanolic extract of M. oleifera leaves could partially protect the cells from radiation-induced DNA double strand breaks. A pretreatment with 500 µg/mL aqueous extract reduced the number of foci formed by 15% when assayed at 30 minutes post-irradiation. The ethanolic extract was more effective; 500 µg/mL of its concentration reduced the number of foci among irradiated cells by 30%. The results indicated that irradiated cancer cells responded similarly to nutritional supplements containing antioxidants as irradiated normal cells. These natural antioxidants could confer protective effects upon cancer cells against gamma radiation

  6. Evidence of higher photosynthetic plasticity in the early successional Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. compared to the late successional Hymenaea courbaril L. grown in contrasting light environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portes, M T; Damineli, D S C; Ribeiro, R V; Monteiro, J A F; Souza, G M

    2010-02-01

    The present study investigated changes in photosynthetic characteristics of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (early successional species) and Hymenaea courbaril L. (late successional species) grown in contrasting light conditions as a way of assessing photosynthetic plasticity. Early successional species typically inhabit gap environments being exposed to variability in multiple resources, hence it is expected that these species would show higher photosynthetic plasticity than late successional ones. In order to test this hypothesis, light and CO2 response curves and chlorophyll content (Chl) were measured in plants grown in high and low light environments. G. ulmifolia presented the highest amounts of both Chl a and b, especially in the low light, and both species presented higher Chl a than b in both light conditions. The Chl a/b ratio was higher in high light leaves of both species and greater in G. ulmifolia. Taken together, these results evidence the acclimation potential of both species, reflecting the capacity to modulate light harvesting complexes according to the light environment. However, G. ulmifolia showed evidence of higher photosynthetic plasticity, as indicated by the greater amplitude of variation on photosynthetic characteristics between environments shown by more significant shade adjusted parameters (SAC) and principal component analysis (PCA). Thus, the results obtained were coherent with the hypothesis that the early successional species G. ulmifolia exhibits higher photosynthetic plasticity than the late successional species H. courbaril. PMID:20231962

  7. L'ylang-ylang [Cananga odorata (Lam. Hook. f. & Thomson] : une plante à huile essentielle méconnue dans une filière en danger

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    Benini, C.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ylang-ylang [Cananga odorata (Lam. Hook. f. & Thomson]: a barely known essential oil plant in an industry at risk. Cananga odorata is a tropical tree from the Annonaceae family, native of Indonesia. Only the forma genuina can be called ylang-ylang. Nowadays, it is mainly cultivated in the Indian Ocean Islands in order to extract the ylang-ylang essential oil for the cosmetic industry. Ylang-ylang develops on many types of soils, under high temperatures and average precipitations of 1,500 mm per year. The pollarding, the maintenance, the elimination of water sprouts and the weeding must be performed to insure a high flower yield and facilitate harvesting. Flower harvest takes place all year long but flowers and essential oils yields are higher during the dry season. Mature and fresh flowers are then distillated and fractionated to obtain essential oil. Generated incomes are important for the economy of the three main producers: Union of Comoros, Madagascar and Mayotte. However, this plant is still poorly known despite its great economic value. This lack of information is a bottleneck for solving the ylang-ylang industry problems which endanger it. Moreover, there is no improvement program of this plant despite the high added value of its essential oil, probably due to the fact that its reproduction biology is far from being known. A thorough study of the plant and its essential oil could generate information necessary to solve the aforementioned problems, maintain and develop the ylang-ylang industry.

  8. Antioxidant activities of trypsin inhibitor, a 33 KDa root storage protein of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam cv. Tainong 57).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, W C; Chen, Y C; Chen, H J; Lin, Y H; Yang, L L; Lee, M H

    2001-06-01

    Trypsin inhibitors (TIs), root storage proteins, were purified from sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas[L.] Lam cv. Tainong 57) roots by trypsin affinity column according to the methods of Hou and Lin (Plant Sci. 1997, 126, 11-19 and Plant Sci. 1997, 128, 151-158). A single band of 33 kDa TI was obtained by preparative sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) gels. This purified 33 kDa TI had scavenging activity against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical. There was positive correlation between scavenging effects against DPPH (2 to 22%) and amounts of 33 kDa TI (1.92 to 46 pmol). The scavenging activities of 33 kDa TI against DPPH were calculated from linear regression to be about one-third of those of glutathione between 5 and 80 pmol. Using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometry for hydroxyl radical detection, it was found that 33 kDa TI could capture hydroxyl radical, and the intensities of EPR signal were significantly decreased from 1.5 to 6 pmol of 33 kDa TI compared to those of the controls. It is suggested that 33 kDa TI, one of the sweet potato root storage proteins, may play a role as an antioxidant in roots and may be beneficial to health when it is consumed. PMID:11409996

  9. Respuesta Fisiológica del lulo (Solanun quitoense Lam. a la fertilización orgánica en Tinjacá, Boyacá

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    Pedro Almanza

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo se orientó hacia la evaluación de la respuesta fisiológicadel lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam. var. septentrionale. Para esto se emplearon tres tratamientos con fertilización orgánica (bocashi, mezcla bocashi + biol y biol, y uno con síntesis química (18-18-18, mediante la descripción de variables físicas y fisiológicas, con el fin de establecer el desarrollo y crecimiento óptimo de la planta durante tres intervalos. Se realizaron tres muestreos en diferentes estadios fisiológicosde la planta seleccionando una por cada parcela. Las variables físicas analizadas fueron biomasa seca y área foliar, y las fisiológicas: índice de área foliar, tasa de crecimiento, tasa relativa de crecimiento y tasa de asimilación neta. Se utilizó, al azar, un diseño de bloques completos, con análisis de varianza y prueba de Duncan. Los resultados obtenidos en masa seca fueron altamente significativos; en las variables fisiológicas no se hallaron diferencias. En todos los tratamientos, las mejores respuestas fueron evidentes en la aplicación de abono de síntesis química, seguida por la mezcla de bocashi+ biol, la más eficiente económicamente.

  10. Temperaturas cardeais e efeito da luz na germinação de sementes de mutamba Cardinal temperatures and effect of light on Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. seed germination

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    João C. de Araújo Neto

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Guazuma ulmifolia Lam., conhecida como mutamba, é uma espécie arbórea característica dos estádios iniciais da sucessão secundária, com ampla ocorrência natural no Brasil. Possui grande potencial para recuperação ambiental de áreas degradadas. Neste trabalho, conduziram-se dois experimentos, nos quais as sementes foram extraídas e escarificadas antes da instalação dos testes de germinação. O primeiro experimento foi desenvolvido com sementes colhidas em outubro de 1995 e teve por objetivo definir as temperaturas cardeais para a germinação das sementes. Foram testadas as temperaturas de 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40 e 45 ºC, sob fotoperíodo de oito horas. Os resultados mostraram que a temperatura mínima é próxima de 10 ºC, a máxima se situa entre 35 e 40 ºC e as temperaturas de 25 e 30 ºC encontram-se dentro da faixa ótima. No segundo experimento, visou-se avaliar o requerimento fotoblástico de sementes recém-colhidas (colheita de outubro de 1996 e armazenadas em câmara seca por um ano (colheita de outubro de 1995. Os testes de germinação foram conduzidos a 30 ºC e as sementes recém-colhidas tiveram a germinação promovida pelas luzes branca e vermelha, mas inibida pela luz vermelha-extrema e ausência de luz. As sementes armazenadas, entretanto, revelaram-se insensíveis à luz.Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (Sterculiaceae is a typical tree species of the initial stages of secondary succession in Brazil, with potential for use in restoring degraded areas. Two experiments were carried out in this work, in which seeds were extracted and scarified before conducting the germination tests. The first experiment was conducted with seeds harvested in October 1995 and aimed to determine the cardinal temperatures for seed germination. Constant temperatures of 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40 and 45 ºC were tested under an eight hour photoperiod. The results showed that the minimum temperature is around 10 ºC, the maximum between 35 and

  11. Avaliação da qualidade das sementes de Moringa oleifera lam. durante o armazenamento Evaluation of quality of the drumstick seeds during the storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Marcos Esmeraldo Bezerra

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.; Moringaceae, espécie perene originária do noroeste indiano, que se adapta tanto às condições irrigadas quanto às de sequeiro, pouco exigente em solos e fertilizantes, encontra-se disseminada na região nordeste, particularmente no Ceará, graças à sua utilização na clarificação de águas turvas. A despeito do seu reconhecido valor medicinal e como hortaliça não-convencional rica em vitamina A, ainda carece de estudos que focalizem a viabilidade das sementes durante o armazenamento. Baseado nessa premissa, conduziu-se um ensaio com os tratamentos dispostos num arranjo fatorial 2x4, correspondendo à combinação de dois ambientes (natural e câmara fria e quatro tempos de armazenamento (0, 6, 12 e 24 meses, segundo um delineamento inteiramente casualizado com quatro repetições. As amostras de sementes correspondentes aos tratamentos investigados foram acondicionadas em garrafa plásticas tipo PET de 600 mL. As variáveis de observação foram: teor de água, germinação, comprimento da raiz, massa seca de plântula e condutividade elétrica. Pela análise dos resultados, evidenciou-se que, aos 12 meses de armazenamento em embalagem plástica sob ambiente natural, as sementes perdem a sua viabilidade, enquanto na câmara aos 24 meses, as sementes apresentam redução na qualidade fisiológica.Drumstick (Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae is a perennial species originating from the indian northwest that adapts to both irrigated and rain fed crop conditions and it is not very demanding on soils and fertilizers. It is grown in the brazilian northeast, specially in Ceará State, due to its use in clarification of cloudy waters. In spite of its recognized medicinal value and as non conventional vegetable rich in vitamin A no studies focalizing the viability of the seeds during the storage have been done. So, an experiment was carried out treatments arranged in a fatorial 2x4 scheme, corresponding the

  12. Leaf morphological and physiological adaptations of a deciduous oak (Quercus faginea Lam.) to the Mediterranean climate: a comparison with a closely related temperate species (Quercus robur L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peguero-Pina, José Javier; Sisó, Sergio; Sancho-Knapik, Domingo; Díaz-Espejo, Antonio; Flexas, Jaume; Galmés, Jeroni; Gil-Pelegrín, Eustaquio

    2016-03-01

    'White oaks'-one of the main groups of the genus Quercus L.-are represented in western Eurasia by the 'roburoid oaks', a deciduous and closely related genetic group that should have an Arcto-Tertiary origin under temperate-nemoral climates. Nowadays, roburoid oak species such as Quercus robur L. are still present in these temperate climates in Europe, but others are also present in southern Europe under Mediterranean-type climates, such as Quercus faginea Lam. We hypothesize the existence of a coordinated functional response at the whole-shoot scale in Q. faginea under Mediterranean conditions to adapt to more xeric habitats. The results reveal a clear morphological and physiological segregation between Q. robur and Q. faginea, which constitute two very contrasting functional types in response to climate dryness. The most outstanding divergence between the two species is the reduction in transpiring area in Q. faginea, which is the main trait imposed by the water deficit in Mediterranean-type climates. The reduction in leaf area ratio in Q. faginea should have a negative effect on carbon gain that is partially counteracted by a higher inherent photosynthetic ability of Q. faginea when compared with Q. robur, as a consequence of higher mesophyll conductance, higher maximum velocity of carboxylation and much higher stomatal conductance (gs). The extremely high gs of Q. faginea counteracts the expected reduction in gs imposed by the stomatal sensitivity to vapor pressure deficit, allowing this species to diminish water losses maintaining high net CO2 assimilation values along the vegetative period under nonlimiting soil water potential values. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that Q. faginea can be regarded as an example of adaptation of a deciduous oak to Mediterranean-type climates. PMID:26496958

  13. Systems to establish bioclimatic analogies to predict the area of adaptability of plant species to new environments: The case of Moringa oleifera Lam. in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Santibañez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Adaptability of a species to new territories is generally assessed by costly trial and error in situ experiments distributed throughout different agroclimatic environments. Nowadays climatic data are available to allow the construction of climatic maps based on data provided through world or local networks of climatic weather stations. The objective of this work was to establish a bioclimatic protocol, based on current and available sources of climate information, to make rapid surveys of suitability for plant species in a given environment. Moringa oleifera Lam. species, native from India, was chosen considering its rusticity and the increasing interest on this species due to its multiple uses, nutritional value, and medicinal properties. The first phase of this work was a compilation of data from climatic downscaling (WorldClim, University of East Anglia database (CRU, FAO database, and an historic datasets from Chilean meteorological stations. This information was used to test two different models to compare bioclimatic profiles, considering relevant climatic variables for plant adaptation: maximum and minimum temperatures, accumulated degree days, frost regime, and air humidity. The first approach, based on climatic analogy, was to compare each of these variables between Chilean and foreign localities, and the second, based on bioclimatic suitability, focus on the degree of meeting the minimum bioclimatic requirements by the species in each locality. This paper provides some tools to make this kind of comparisons. Both approaches were tested using M. oleifera as target. Both approaches were complementary and prove to be useful for identifying potential areas where the species could be cultivated. The use of these approaches suggested the existence of some bioclimatic suitability for this species in the coastal areas with mild winters and frosts, from 27° to 37° S lat.

  14. Curvas de índice de sítio para leucena [Leucaena leucocephala (Lam. De Wit] no agreste de Pernambuco.

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    Emanuell Florencio Passos Martins

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi ajustar e comparar modelos de curvas de índice de sítio para Leucaena leucocephala (Lam. de Wit., variedade Hawaii (cv. K8, no Agreste de Pernambuco. Os dados foram obtidos na Estação Experimental da Empresa Pernambucana de Pesquisa Agropecuária (IPA, no município de Caruaru - PE, considerando-se 544 árvores, cultivadas com e sem composto orgânico, com 19 mensurações ao longo do tempo (1990-2003. Foram ajustados e comparados os modelos de Schumacher, Chapman-Richards, Silva-Bailey, Mitscherlich, Weibull e Clutter-Jones. Para a seleção das equações, utilizaram-se os índices de ajuste (IA, o erro padrão da estimativa (, a distribuição gráfica dos resíduos e o teste de identidade dos modelos. O modelo de Clutter-Jones apresentou o maior valor de IA nos dois tratamentos. Nos gráficos das distribuições residuais, os modelos não apresentaram tendências. No teste de identidade dos modelos de regressão, verificou-se não haver diferença significativa ao nível de 5 % de probabilidade. Por ser um modelo com o menor número de parâmetros entre os testados e por ser freqüentemente utilizado na Ciência Florestal, o modelo de Schumacher merece especial destaque em trabalhos de índice de sítio.

  15. Understanding yields in alley cropping maize (Zea mays L. ) and Cassia siamea Lam. under semi-arid conditions in Machakos,Eastern Kenya

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Six seasons of experiments in Machakos, Kenya, revealed that above about 150 mm of rainfall, maize yields per row in alley cropped “replacement” agroforestry (AF) plots, of Cassia siamea Lam. and maize (Zea mays, cv. Katumani Composite B), may be expected to exceed those in the control (sole maize) plots. Such yields were insufficient to compensate for the area “lost” to the hedgerows. Below about 150 mm the control plots may be expected to perform better. This result was due to competition for water. Greater association of the fine roots of Cassia and maize was observed in the middle of the alleys than near the hedgerows. Photosynthetic consequences of shading were insignificant relative to other factors. In the alleys, reductions of soil temperature due to shade in the western and eastern maize rows were higher than in the middle row. Soil moisture extraction was higher in the AF than in the control plots. In the AF plots, moisture extraction was greater under the central maize rows than under those nearest the Cassia. Yield patterns followed such soil temperature and soil moisture patterns. Maize transpiration and photosynthetic rates were significantly higher in the control than in the AF plots during a below-average rainy season but not during above-average rainy seasons. It is concluded that alley cropping under semi-arid conditions should be approached differently from the system worked on. It must at least provide strong physical protection of crops and/or soils and have a strong economic incentive to be of interest to the farmers.

  16. Eriophyoid mites (Acari: Prostigmata: Eriophyidae) associated with Compositae in Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotfollahi, Parisa; Irani-Nejad, Karim Haddad; Khanjani, Mohamad; Moghadam, Mohamad; De Lillo, Enrico

    2013-01-01

    Five species of eriophyoid mites were identified during surveys of mite fauna associated with plant species of the family Compositae from Southwest of East Azerbaijan province during 2010 and 2011. Two of them, Aceria virgatae n. sp. from Centaurea virgata Lam. and Aceria xeranthenzis n. sp. from Xeranthemumn squarrosum Boiss., were found to be new to science. No damage symptoms were observed on their host plants. Aceria xeranthemis n. sp. is the first eriophyoid collected from the plant genus Xeranthenun. Aculops centaureae (Farkas, 1960) from Centaurea albonitens Turrill and Aceria cichorii Petanović et al. 2000 from Cichorium intybus L. are new records for Iranian mite fauna. The deutogyne female of Aceria anthocoptes (Nalepa) was recorded for the first time in Iran, too. A key to the species collected on Compositae in Iran is given. PMID:26266306

  17. Produção da batata-doce adubada com esterco bovino e biofertilizante Yield of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) fertilized with cattle manure and biofertilizer

    OpenAIRE

    Ademar Pereira de Oliveira; Arthur Hennys Diniz Barbosa; Lourival Ferreira Cavalcante; Walter Esfraim Pereira; Arnaldo Nonato Pereira de Oliveira

    2007-01-01

    Objetivou-se avaliar a produção da batata-doce (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) adubada com esterco bovino e biofertilizante, conduziu-se um experimento no período de Janeiro a Junho de 2004, em NEOSSOLO REGOLÍTICO, psamítico típico, na Universidade Federal da Paraíba, em Areia-PB. O delineamento experimental empregado foi de blocos casualisados, com quatro repetições com os tratamentos distribuídos em arranjo fatorial 6 x 2, sendo seis doses de esterco bovino (0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 t ha-1) e ausê...

  18. Effets des mycorhizes à arbuscules sur la tolérance à un stress hydrique de quatre arbres fruitiers : Balanites aegyptiaca (L) Del., Parkiabiglobosa (Jacq.) Benth., Tamarindus indica L et Zizyphus mauritiana Lam.

    OpenAIRE

    Guissou, T.; Ba, A.M.; Plenchette, C; Guinko, S.; Duponnois, Robin

    2001-01-01

    L'influence de l'inoculation par un champignon mycorhizien à arbuscules (MA), #Glomus aggregatum$ Schenk et Smith emend Koske, sur la tolérance à un stress hydrique de 4 arbres fruitiers #Balanites aegyptiaca$ ((L.) Del., #Parkia biglobosa$ (Jacq.) Benth., #Tamarindus indica$ L. et #Zizphus mauritiana$ Lam. a été étudiée dans un sol déficient en P assimilable (2,18 microgr/g de P, Bray-1). Les pots inoculés ou non ont été maintenus par arrosage quotidien à la capacité au champ pendant les 4 p...

  19. Caracterização de solos de duas formações de restinga e sua influência na constituição química foliar de Passiflora mucronata Lam. (Passifloraceaee Canavalia rosea (Sw. DC. (Fabaceae Soil characterization of two restinga formations and its influence on leaf chemistry in Passiflora mucronata Lam. (Passifloraceae and Canavalia rosea (Sw. DC. (Fabaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jehová Lourenço Junior

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available As hipóteses sobre o posicionamento das formações de restinga são diversas sendo o gradiente salino e a fertilidade do solo as mais difundidas. Buscando elucidar essas questões, foram analisadas as propriedades dos solos das formações psamófila-reptante (FPR e Palmae (FP bem como a constituição química foliar de C. rosea (Sw. DC. restrita à FPR e P. mucronata Lam., na FP. O solo da FP destacou-se pela maior fertilidade. Maiores teores dos metais Fe, Zn e ISNa foram encontrados em solos da FPR. Não foi detectada a presença de Al nas duas formações. O pH dos solos é alcalino sem diferenças entre as duas formações. Os elementos químicos P, S, Cu e Zn acumulam-se em maiores concentrações em folhas de P. mucronata. C. rosea destacou-se pelos maiores teores foliares de N, Fe e B. Essa Fabaceae mostrou valores superiores do fator de concentração para o Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu e B enquanto que P. mucronata, para o P e Zn. Os resultados obtidos sugerem que as características pedológicas têm papel chave no estabelecimento de C. rosea na FPRe de P. mucronata na FP.Hypotheses as to the position of restinga formations are many, the most widespread being the salinity gradient and soil fertility. In order to elucidate these questions, soil properties of the creeping psammophyte (CPF and Palmae formations (PF as well as leaf chemistry of C. rosea (Sw. DC. restricted to the former and P. mucronata Lam. in the latter were analyzed. The PF soil was more fertile. Higher content of Fe, Zn and ISNa was found in CPF soil. The presence of Al in these two formations was not detected. Soil pH is alkaline, with no difference found between the two formations. The chemical elements P, S, Cu and Zn accumulate in greater concentrations in P. mucronata leaves. C. rosea was distinguished by a higher leaf content of N, Fe and B. This legume showed greater factor of concentration values for Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu and B whereas P. mucronata, for P and Zn. The results

  20. Potential Environment and Public Health Risk Due to Contamination of Heavy Metals from Industrial Waste Water in Lam Thao, Phu Tho, Vietnam

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    Nguyen C. Vinh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In Vietnam, rice cultivation plays an important role in national economic development and food security. However, rice production is facing many problems associated with rapid industrialization and urbanization in the country. Resultant emissions of solid and liquid wastes are often untreated and discharged directly to agricultural land. These practices have potential impacts on the environment and human health. Approach: The research was carried out within the frame of the collaborative research project “Towards the mitigation of environment and public health risks due to heavy metal contamination in irrigated rice-based systems of Vietnam” in 2006-2010. The study was implemented in the Lam Thao district, Phu Tho province with the aim to assess the effects of wastewater and other contamination sources on the environment and public health. Results: Surface water and soil in the field showed signs of significant contamination by wastewater from the industrial zones. Bio-indicators (DO, COD, BOD5 in the surface water were also strongly affected by waste. Paddy fields around the industrial zones had an elevated risk of heavy metal contamination (Cu, Zn, As, Cd and Pb, with concentrations exceeding Vietnamese Maximum Acceptable Concentrations (MACs for Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb. Soil contamination with heavy metals was resulting in elevated concentrations in rice grain. Where consumption of locally-produced food was high, exposure of individuals to heavy metals could present a public health risk. The partial Hazard Quotient (HQ; a ratio derived from comparing estimated exposure to heavy metals, i.e., Cd, (with toxicologically-derived„ safe’ daily doses for rice and vegetables (water spinach and the integrated Hazard Quotient of rice and vegetables (HQi was consistently greater in areas with soil contamination than in the reference area using Red River water for irrigation. The HQi for Cd was particularly high for children below the

  1. Variation Laws of Anthocyanin Content in Roots and Their Relationships with Major Economic Traits in Purple-Fleshed Sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Variation laws of anthocyanin content in root during the development and among the varieties, and their relationships with major economic traits in purple-fleshed sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] were studied in the present article. The dynamics of 20 economic traits in 13 purple-fleshed sweetpotato varieties at 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, and 140 d after their transplanting were investigated, and these traits included anthocyanin content in root, length of the longest vine, number of base branches, root number, dry matter contents in stem, foliage and root, fresh/dry weight of root, fresh/dry weight of stem, fresh/dry weight of foliage, fresh/dry weight of stem and foliage, fresh/dry weight of whole plant, and rations of photosynthate to root, stem, and foliage. The correlations between the variations of anthocyanin content and the other 19 economic traits among varieties and during the whole developing stages, and the correlations of daily increase of anthocyanin content with other 10 kinds of yields were analyzed. The results showed that: (1) During the whole development, the anthocyanin content had three variation types, I.e. A slow-increase type, a fluctuating-change type, and a devious- rising type, and had different responses to the growth of length of the longest vine, number of base branches, fresh/dry yield of root, and photosynthate allotments. (2) The anthocyanin contents among 13 varieties began to have significant difference after 20 d, and showed completed differentiation during 40-100 d, which had significantly negative correlationships with the number of base branches, fresh/dry yield of root, photosynthate allotment ratio to root, and had significant positive correlationships with dry matter content of root, length of the longest vine, fresh/dry yield of stem, dry yield of whole plant and photosynthate allotment ratio to foliage. (3) Because of the significantly negative correlation between daily increase of anthocyanin content and dry matter

  2. COMPARISON OF BIOACTIVE ANTHOCYANIN COMPONENTS FROM BEGONIA MALABARICA LAM. AND BEGONIA REX-CULTORUM ?BABY RAINBOW? L.H.BAILEY BY GC-MS ANALYSIS

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    Aswathy JM

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Anthocyanins, derivatives of 2-phenylbenzopyryliumare are water-soluble natural pigments. Owing to extensive scientific research they have become not only the colouring food products but also therapeutic sources of bioactive compounds and continue to play role in the maintenance of human health. Begonia malabarica Lam. and Begonia rex-cultorum ‘baby rainbow’ L.H. Bailey are common ornamentals with varied leaf colour combinations were analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry to determine the bioactive constituents present in the methanolic extracts of the leaves. Powdered leaf samples were subjected to Soxhlet extraction method with methanol and the extract was fractioned by GC-MS. Totally, 7 different compounds each from B. malabarica [phenol, 2,4-bis (1,1-dimethylethyl, hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester, 9,12-octadecadienoic acid (Z,Z, methyl ester, 9,12,15- octadecatrienoic acid, methyl ester, (Z,Z,Z, 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, diisooctyl ester, Spiro[furan-2(5H,2'(1'H- naphtho[2,1-b]furan]-5-one, 3'a,4',5',5'a,6',7',8',9',9'a,9'b-decahydro-3,3'a,6',6',9'a-pentamethyl and androst-1-en-3- one, 4,4-dimethyl-, (5.alpha.] and B. rex ‘baby rainbow’ [diethyl Phthalate, 1-(3,6,6-trimethyl-1,6,7,7atetrahydrocyclopenta[ c]pyran-1-yl ethanone, hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester, 7,10-octadecadienoic acid, methyl ester, 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid, methyl ester, (Z,Z,Z, 5,9 methanobenzocycloocten-1(2H-one,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10- octahydro-5,10-dihydroxy-3,3,7,7,9-pentamethyl and 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, diisooctyl ester] were identified. All the compounds identified were medicinally proven for the treatment of various human ailments. Further studies are warranted to purify the lead molecules and to evaluate their biological properties including toxicological aspects for the development of novel drugs.

  3. In vitro analysis on bactericidal screening and antioxidant potentiality of leaf and root extracts of Thottea siliquosa (Lam.) Ding Hou. An ethnobotanical plant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Saiba Abdul Wahab Nusaiba; Kumaraswamy Murugan

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Natural products of plant origin are potential source of novel antimicrobial and antioxidative agents. Thottea siliquosa (Lam.) Ding Hou. (T. siliquosa). A medicinal herb used by local tribals for treating various ailments. The present study aims at the phytochemical screening, GC-MS analysis, in vitro antibacterial activity and antioxidant potentiality of root and leaf extracts of T. siliquosa.Methods:Hot continuous Soxhlet extraction, GC-MS analysis, antibacterial analysis by disc diffusion, microdilution assay and antioxidant potentialities by hydroxyl radical and nitric oxide radical scavenging. The data was statistically analyzed. Results: Phytochemical screening of the ethyl acetate and methanolic extract of leaf and root revealed the presence of phenols, alkaloids, tannins and saponin. The extract revealed a pool of phytochemicals by comparison with authentic standards from spectral library. Both the extracts has shown their broad spectrum of inhibition against the selected bacteria Staphylococcus aureus,Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumonia compared with standard antibiotic drug streptomycin. The extracts showed antioxidant activity by scavenging of free radicals such as hydroxyl and nitric oxide. The IC50 values of the ethyl acetate extracts leaf and root and standard in this assay were 167.5±0.67, 99.4±1.2, 192±2.5 µg/mL respectively. Similarly those methanolic extracts of leaf and root were 269.5±0.89 and 289.1±2.66 µg/mL respectively. Similarly, ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts also caused a moderate dose-dependent inhibition of nitric oxide with an IC50 range 65.5±1.55 to 148 ±3.09 µg/mL. The inhibitory activities were found to be dose dependent.Conclusion:The present study provides evidence that ethyl acetate and methanol extract of leaf and root of T. siliquosa are potential source of natural antioxidants and bactericidal nature. It is essential that research should continue to isolate and purify

  4. “Pharmacognostical, SEM and XRF profile of the leaves of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. (Moraceae – A contribution to combat the NTD

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    K Periyanayagam

    2013-05-01

    phyto, physico chemical examinations of the leaves of Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. can be used as a rapid, inexpensive botanical identification technique and is useful in standardization, hence would be of immense value in authentication of the leaf as it proved to have wide panel of pharmacological and ethno medical use including prevention and treatment of NTD

  5. Is (-)-Catechin a "Novel Weapon" of Spotted Knapweed (Centaurea stoebe)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    The “novel weapons” hypothesis states that some invasive weed species owe part of their success as invaders to allelopathy mediated by allelochemicals that are new to the native species. Presumably, no resistance has evolved among the native species to this new allelochemical (i.e. the novel weapon...

  6. Morfologia foliar de indivíduos jovens e adultos de Caesalpinia echinata Lam. numa floresta semidecídua do Sul da Bahia Leaf morphology of saplings and adult individuals of Caesalpinia echinata Lam. in a semidecidual forest of Southern Bahia, Brazil

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    Maria Cristina Sanches

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Caesalpinia echinata Lam. (Caesalpiniaceae é uma espécie arbórea que ocorre naturalmente no interior da floresta e atinge os estratos superiores do dossel por meio de pequenas clareiras. Objetivou-se, neste estudo, comparar alguns aspectos da morfologia foliar entre indivíduos adultos, cujas folhas se encontravam em pleno sol e jovens no sub-bosque. O estudo foi realizado numa floresta semidecídua, localizada no Município de Jussari, Bahia. Inicialmente, foram localizados e marcados oito indivíduos adultos e oito jovens para cada adulto. Foram coletadas e analisadas oito folhas para cada adulto e três para cada jovem, em duas épocas (setembro/novembro de 2004 e abril de 2005. Em geral, as áreas das folhas, das ráquis e dos folíolos, o comprimento das ráquis, a largura das folhas, o número de pinas e a massa seca das folhas foram significativamente superiores nos indivíduos jovens, ao passo que as massas específicas das folhas e dos folíolos foram significativamente superiores nos indivíduos adultos. Tanto nos adultos quanto nos jovens, nas duas épocas de coleta foram verificadas relações altamente significativas entre a massa seca e a área das folhas. Os resultados indicaram que folhas de C. echinata apresentam características que maximizam a absorção de luz onde este recurso é limitante e, ao mesmo tempo, direcionam maior alocação de carbono para os tecidos de suporte. Tais resultados estão de acordo com o observado no estádio sucessional da espécie analisada e com a sua estratégia de ocupação dos espaços gerados pela formação de pequenas clareiras, em ambiente de mata semidecídua.Caesalpinia echinata Lam. (Caesalpiniaceae is a tree species that naturally regenerates in the forest understory and reaches the upper canopy through small gaps. We conducted a study with the objective of comparing some aspects of leaf morphology of adult individuals, in which the leaves were exposed to full sunlight, and saplings

  7. Enraizamento de estacas de Pau-Brasil (Caesalpinia echinata Lam. tratadas com ácido indol butírico e ácido naftaleno acético Rooting cuttings of Pau-Brasil (Caesalpinia echinata Lam. treated with indole butyric acid and naphthalene acetic acid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurício Endres

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O pau-brasil (Caesalpinia echinata Lam. tem grande valor cultural no Brasil e a sua propagação por sementes é dificultada pela rápida perda do poder germinativo delas. A estaquia pode ser usada para a produção de mudas de espécies florestais, principalmente quando existem algumas dificuldades de propagação por sementes. Este trabalho teve como objetivo caracterizar o efeito de concentrações e fontes de auxinas sobre o enraizamento de estacas de pau-brasil. Estacas com cerca de 12cm de comprimento e de um a dois pares de folhas foram tratadas na base com ácido indol butírico (AIB, ácido naftaleno acético (ANA na forma líquida ou na forma de pó nas concentrações de 0, 1.250, 2.500, 5.000, 10.000mg L-1 ou mg Kg-1, respectivamente. As estacas foram transferidas para substrato contendo areia e mantidas sob nebulização (90-95% UR. Aos 120 dias de estaquia, foram avaliados a mortalidade, a retenção foliar, a formação de calo e a percentagem de estacas enraizadas. As estacas apresentaram índices de sobrevivência de até 70%. A formação de calos não foi relacionada com a concentração de auxinas utilizadas. O maior índice de enraizamento de estacas de pau-brasil, em torno de 16%, foi resgistrada com a utilização do ácido indolbutírico (AIB e do ácido naftalenoacético (ANA na concentração 2.500mg L-1. Os altos índices de sobrevivência e os baixos índices de enraizamento sugerem que as estacas devem permanecer por mais tempo sob nebulização, a fim de induzir o seu processo de enraizamento.The 'pau-brasil' tree (Caesalpinia echinata Lam. have a high cultural value in Brazil and its seed propagation is very difficult because of its rapid losses of germination potential. Cuttings propagation has been considered as alternative method to propagate forest species that seed propagation is poor. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of indole-3-butyric acid (IBA and naphthalene acetic (NAA acid on

  8. 壮药白楸的生药学及毒理学初步研究%Preliminary study on the pharmacognosy and toxicology of Mallotus panicutus (lam) Muell.Arg

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄婧; 马健雄

    2014-01-01

    目的 对大戟科植物白楸进行鉴别及急性毒性试验,确保用药安全.方法 采集药材标本并对其进行鉴别;白楸醇提取物以最大浓度及最大给药体积对实验组小鼠灌胃给药,观察14 d内不良反应情况.结果 化学反应结果显示白楸含有黄酮、皂苷等成分;急性毒性试验观察中未发现任何急性毒性反应.给药后14 d,空白组和药物组小鼠体质量增长率分别为73.5%和62.9% (P >0.05).结论 该实验结果可为白楸临床用药指导和制定质量标准提供参考依据.%Objective To identify Mallotus panicutus (lam) Muell.Arg and explore the acute toxicity.Methods Pharmacognostic identification and chemical reaction methods were adopted to the identification.The maximum concentration and maximum volume of ethanol extracts of M.panicutus (lam) Muell.Arg were given via intragastric administration in mice to observe the toxic and side effects after 14 days.Results The chemical reaction showed M.panicutus(lam) Muell.Arg concluded the constituents such as flavone and saponin and there was no acute toxicity in mice.After 14 days,the growth rate of mice weight of blank group and drug group were 73.5% and 62.9% (P > 0.05).Conclusion The results could be taken as the reference for analyzing the quality of this drug and guiding the clinical medication.

  9. Çevre Duyarlılığı Bağlamında Seyahat Acentelerinin Web Siteleri Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme / An Evaluation of Environmental Concerns of Travel Agencies in Their Web Sites

    OpenAIRE

    Nazmiye Erdoğan

    2012-01-01

    Seyahat acentelerinin web siteleri, acentelerin çevre konusundaki ilgi ve duyarlılığını yansıtan iletişim araçlarından birisidir. Bu çalışma, acentelerin web sitelerinde çevre ile ilgili anlatıların bulunup bulunmadığını incelemek, acentelerin çevreyle ilgili yönelimlerini tespit etmek ve bu yönelimin sürdürülebilirlik ve ekoturizm ilkeleri bağlamında değerlendirmesini yapmak üzere hazırlanmıştır. Analiz için gerekli verileri toplamak amacıyla, Türkiye Seyahat Acenteleri Birliği’nin (TÜRSAB) ...

  10. Influência da temperatura e da quantidade de água no substrato sobre a germinação de sementes de Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urban (pau-de-balsa)

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos Michele Braule Pinto; Varela Vania Palmeira; Melo Maria de Fátima Figueiredo

    2006-01-01

    O presente trabalho foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar diferentes volumes de água no substrato e temperaturas na germinação de sementes de Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam.) Urban. Antes da instalação dos testes de germinação, as sementes foram tratadas com imersão em água quente a 80º C até o resfriamento, para superar a dormência. A semeadura foi realizada em rolos de papel germitest, umedecidos com volumes (mL) de água equivalentes a 1,5; 2,0; 2,5 e 3,0 vezes o peso do substrato nas te...

  11. Enraizamento adventício de estacas do maracujazeiro silvestre Passiflora mucronata Lam.: forma de veiculação e concentrações do ácido indol-3-butírico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Sobreira Alexandre

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Passiflora mucronata Lam. apresenta como características ser ornamental, medicinal e resistente à bacteriose nas folhas, além de ser altamente resistente à antracnose nos frutos e ramos. Objetivou-se, com este trabalho, avaliar a forma de veiculação, líquida ou sólida, e as concentrações do ácido indol-3-butírico (AIB no enraizamento adventício de estacas de P. mucronata. O experimento foi conduzido no delineamento de blocos ao acaso, em esquema fatorial 2x5 (formas de veiculação do AIB: líquida e sólida x concentrações de AIB: 0; 250; 500; 750 e 1000 mg L-1, se líquido, ou mg Kg-1, se sólido, com quatro repetições, de 16 estacas cada. As características avaliadas foram enraizamento (%, número de raiz, comprimento da maior raiz (cm, volume de raiz (cm³ e massa de matéria seca de raiz (g. Verificou-se que o enraizamento de estacas de P. mucronata Lam. independe da forma como é veiculado o AIB, se sólida ou líquida, porém a qualidade do sistema radicular, avaliada por meio do número, volume e massa de matéria seca de raízes, foi superior à obtida ao se empregar o AIB sólido. O comportamento do enraizamento, do número e do comprimento de raízes foi linear crescente, até a máxima concentração de AIB (1000 mg L-1 ou mg Kg-1.

  12. Temporal variation in the biomass and nutrient status of Azolla filiculoides Lam. (Salviniaceae in a small shallow dystrophic lake Variação temporal de biomassa e estado nutricional de Azolla filiculoides Lam (Salviniaceae em um pequeno lago raso distrófico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Rossano Trindade Trindade

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM: This study determined the temporal variation of the biomass and the concentrations of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in Azolla filiculoides Lam. in a small (0.5 ha shallow dystrophic lake located in the city of Rio Grande (Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. METHOD: Sampling was conducted monthly between November 2000 and October 2001. The macrophytes were collected randomly in three replicates with a circular collector 0.3 m in diameter and subsequently washed with tap water and oven-dried at 60 ºC for determination of the dry weight and the nutrient status (i.e., carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus. Primary productivity was estimated by the variation in biomass among successive samples. RESULTS: A. filiculoides was present in the lake throughout the year and occupied between 50 and 80% of the surface area. The biomass values ranged from 34.2 g DW.m-2, recorded in May (autumn, to 170.9 g DW.m-2 in January (summer. The highest rate of primary productivity was 3.3 g DW.m-2.d-1, observed in June. The concentrations of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in the plant ranged between 403 and 551 g.kg-1, 13.4 and 25.7 g.kg-1 and 0.5 and 1.9 g.kg-1, respectively. The water N:P ratio ranged between 19:1 and 368:1. CONCLUSION: The coverage of the surface of the lake by A. filiculoides throughout the study period and the nutritional status of the plant demonstrate the importance of the cycling of nutrients by macrophytes in this aquatic environment. The higher N:P ratio in the water column, compared with other neighboring environments without macrophytes, shows that the enrichment of the lake may result from the biological N-fixation activity produced by A. filiculoides.OBJETIVO: Este estudo determinou a variação temporal da biomassa e as concentrações de carbono, nitrogênio e fósforo de Azolla filiculoides Lam., em um pequeno lago raso distrófico situado no município do Rio Grande (Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. MÉTODO: As amostragens foram realizadas

  13. Allelopathic effects of aqueous and organic fractions of Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam. on germination and seedling growth of chickpea and wheat Efectos alelopáticos de fracciones acuosas y orgánicas de Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam. sobre la germinación y crecimiento de plántulas de garbanzo y trigo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asif Tanveer

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Identification of weed species with allelopathic potential and characterization of their adverse effects against associated crops is required for better understanding of weed-crop interactions. Phytotoxic activity of Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam. on germination and seedling growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L. and wheat (Triticum aestivum L. was investigated under controlled conditions. Two separate studies were done with each of four organic solvent fractions (n-hexane, chloroform, ethylacetate, 1-butanol and crude aqueous (1:10 and 1:20 whole plant fractions of E. dracunculoides using distilled water and 0.05% (v/v dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO as control. Different aqueous and organic fractions of E. dracunculoides had a significant bearing on germination attributes and seedling growth that varied among tested species. The final germination percentage of wheat remained unaffected; nevertheless, root and shoot elongation and biomass accumulation in these parts were significantly retarded. Aqueous fractions appeared more phytotoxic than organic fractions and suppressed chickpea germination by 35-53%. These aqueous fractions also reduced root (64-75% and 33-34% and shoot (18-62% and 21% length and root (32-33% and 42-46% and shoot (7-32% and 80-84% dry weight of wheat and chickpea, respectively. Among organic fractions, n-hexane was more suppressive to test species. Chromatographic analysis revealed the presence of four phytotoxins, furoic, p-coumaric, syringic, and caffeic acids, in aqueous whole plant (1:10 fractions. This study determined the phytotoxic allelopathic activity of E. dracunculoides against wheat and chickpea.Se requiere la identificación de especies de malezas con potencial alelopático y la caracterización de sus efectos adversos en contra de los cultivos asociados para una mejor comprensión de las interacciones cultivos-malezas. Se investigó la actividad fitotóxica de Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam. en la germinación y

  14. 新引1号东方山羊豆主要农艺性状初报%A preliminary Report on Main Agronomic Traits of Galega orientalis Lam.cv.Xinyin No.1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾祥; 刘兴义; 张清斌; 朱忠艳; 王承军; 穆尼热; 田聪

    2012-01-01

    The protein and the amino acid content of Galega orientalis Lam.cv.Xinyin No.1 at the initial stage of blooming reached 23.88% and 14.17% individually. The hay production was 15 525.8kg/hm2, the stem-leaf ratio was 1: 1.62. The leaves didn't easily fall off when making hay. The tannin content was 0.02% and 0.93% during the branching period and early flowering period respectively. When the ruminants were fed by fresh forage, they did not occur bulging disease. When the Holstein was fed by hay, its milk yield, milk fat and milk pro.tein were increased by 0.21%, 0.35% and 0.24% individually compared with the Medicago sativa L.sv. 'Xinjiang Daye' . The seed diameter of Galega orientalis Lam.cv.Xinyin No.1 was 10- 12 mesh, so the mixed dodder seeds in the large quantities of seeds could be easily cleaned.%新引1号东方山羊豆初花期蛋白质含量达23.88%,氨基酸含量达14.17%,干草产量15525.8kg/hm2,茎叶比1:1.62,调制干草叶片不易脱落,分枝期和初花期分别含单宁0.02%和0.93%,青饲反刍家畜不发生臌胀病,干草饲喂荷斯坦奶牛比饲喂新疆大叶苜蓿产奶量、乳脂率和乳蛋白分别提高0.21%、0.35%和0.24%。种子粒径10-12目,批量种子如混杂有菟丝子种子(粒径14~16目)易清选。

  15. INDUCCIÓN DE FENILALANINA AMONIO LIASA Y VARIACIÓN EN EL CONTENIDO DE COMPUESTOS FENÓLICOS EN FRUTOS DE LULO (Solanum quitoense Lam INFECTADOS CON Colletotrichum acutatum. Induction of phenylalanine ammonia lyase and variation in phenolic compounds content in Lulo fruits (Solanum quitoense Lam infected by Colletotrichum acutatum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAIRA ANDREA ARRIETA-GUEVARA

    Full Text Available Se evaluó la dinámica de la actividad fenilalanina amonio liasa (PAL en corteza de frutos de lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam con el fin de determinar su participación en respuestas bioquímicas hacia Colletotrichum acutatum. Se establecieron como mejores condiciones para la extracción de la enzima, buffer ácido bórico-borato de sodio 0.1M pH 8.8, 1% SDS, 3% PVPP y para medir la actividad, sustrato L-fenilalanina 5 mM , pH 8,0, 20°C , 30 ΜL de extracto y 45 min. Se realizó un ensayo in vivo usando frutos en tres estados de madurez, los cuales fueron inoculados con el patógeno o tratados con agua estéril. A cinco tiempos (hpi = horas post-infección se determinó la actividad PAL y el contenido total de fenoles, encontrándose que hay una respuesta diferencial de la enzima por efecto del patógeno y por el estado de madurez. Para frutos en el estado pintón se obtuvo el mayor aumento de PAL, el que perduró hasta 48 hpi, al compararlo con los controles y con los otros dos estados de madurez. Este aumento mostró relación con un marcado incremento en el contenido total de fenoles y con el desarrollo más tardío de síntomas característicos de antracnosis, observado para los frutos pintones. Estos resultados permiten postular, una posible relación positiva entre inducción de PAL, aumento de fenólicos y respuesta de tolerancia a C. acutatum. Para lulos en estado verde y maduro se observó aumento de PAL a 12 y 24 hpi que coincidió también con incremento en el contenido de fenoles totales, aunque para estos dos últimos estados dicho contenido disminuyó significativamente a tiempos mayores.Phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL activity induction was evaluated in lulo fruits to determine the role of this enzyme in biochemical responses towards the pathogen Colletotrichum acutatum. We studied the experimental conditions to obtain the enzyme, using lulo peel, and found that the best conditions for extraction were buffer of boric acid

  16. Avaliação da atividade antibacteriana e prospecção fitoquímica de Solanum paniculatum Lam. e Operculina hamiltonii (G. Don D. F. Austin & Staples, do semi-árido paraibano Evaluation of antibacterial activity and phytochemical prospection of Solanum paniculatum Lam. and Operculina hamiltonii (G. Don D. F. Austin & Staples from the semi-arid region of Paraíba State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.M.S Lôbo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Devido ao aparecimento de populações de parasitos resistentes, as drogas farmacêuticas, alternativas de controle, estão sendo pesquisadas utilizando plantas medicinais. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a atividade antibacteriana e realizar a análise fitoquímica do extrato etanólico de duas espécies do semi-árido paraibano, Solanum paniculatum Lam. e Operculina hamiltonii (G. Don D. F. Austin & Staples. As referidas espécies são muito utilizadas pela população rural contra verminoses gastrintestinais de ovinos. A prospecção fitoquímica foi obtida a partir dos extratos etanólicos para análise dos constituintes químicos existentes nas duas espécies. As análises dos extratos indicaram a presença de taninos flobabênicos, flavononóis, flavononas e alcalóides em ambas as espécies. A atividade antibacteriana foi determinada inicialmente pelo método de difusão em cavidade. A espécie S. paniculatum apresentou atividade contra Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 12692, Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922 e Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 15442, no entanto O. hamintonii não demonstrou atividade contra as linhagens bacterianas testadas.The emergence of resistant parasite populations has led to the study of pharmaceutical drugs, which represent an alternative control. This study aimed to evaluate the antibacterial activity and to perform the phytochemical analysis of the ethanol extract from two species belonging to the semi-arid region of Paraíba State, Brazil: Solanum paniculatum Lam. and Operculina hamiltonii (G. Don D. F. Austin & Staples. Such species have been largely used by the rural population against ovine gastrointestinal helminthes. Phytochemical prospection was obtained from ethanol extracts for analysis of chemical compounds present in both species. Extract analyses indicated the presence of condensed tannins, flavonols, flavanones, and alkaloids in both species. The antibacterial activity was initially determined by the cavity

  17. 复方唇香草颗粒干预As斑块炎症反应信号通路的实验研究%Experimental study on compound ziziphora clinopodioides lam granule intervening as plaque inflammation signaling pathways

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁爽; 伍倩; 陈悦; 辛效毅

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To discuss the influence of compound Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam granule aortic atherosclerotic plaques IκK-β/IκB-α/NFκB signaling pathway of Apo-E Knockout mice and the possible mechanism in stabilizing As plaque.Methods 70 6-8 week-old Apo-E knockout mice were given a high-fat diet for 12 weeks,then 10 were randomly killed and their aortic root were taken,the formation of As was observed with HE staining ordinary light microscope.The remaining mice were randomly divided into 6 groups,namely,model group (saline group),traditional Chinese medicine control group (xuezhikang group),western medicine control group (simvastatin group),and the experimental groups (compound Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam granule high,medium and low dose groups).10 mice in each group were kill-ed after 1 2 weeks′dosing.The expression of IκK-β,IκB-αand NF-κB mRNA in mice plaque was detected with situ hybridization method.Results Compared with model group (saline group),traditional Chinese medicine control group (xuezhikang group),western medicine control group (group simvastatin),the ex-perimental groups (compound Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam granule high,medium and low dose groups) could reduce the IκK-βand NF-κB mRNA expression (P 0.05).Conclusion Compound Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam granule has the function of against scle-rosis of arterial congee appearance,its mechanism may be related to regulate the IκK-β/IκB-α/NF-κB sig-naling pathway activity and inhibit the inflammatory response.%目的:探讨以维吾尔药为主的复方唇香草颗粒对 Apo-E基因敲除小鼠动脉粥样硬化(As)斑块 IκK-β/IκB-α/NF-κB 信号通路的影响及其稳定 As斑块作用的可能机制。方法选择70只6~8周龄 Apo-E基因敲除小鼠,予高脂饮食喂养12 w后,随机处死10只,取主动脉根部,HE染色普通光镜下观察并确定As形成,其余小鼠随机分为模型组(生理盐水)、中药对照组(血脂康)、西药

  18. Güvenlik bağlamında Avrupa Birliği (AB), NATO ve ABD ilişkileri: AGSK'dan ODGP'ye geçiş

    OpenAIRE

    MENGİ, Ergun

    2014-01-01

    Bu çalışmadan, Soğuk savaş (SS) sonrası ortaya çıkan küresel tehditler kapsamında Avrupa Güvenliği bağlamında AB'nin savunma boyutunda, AGSP'nin bağımsız güçlü Avrupa savunması yolunda mı ilerleyeceği, yoksa AGSP-NATO, dolayısıyla AB-ABD işbirliği içinde transatlantik bağı güçlü tutarak mı gelişeceğinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmada başta Fransa olmak üzere AB ülkelerinin yaklaşımları ele alınmış, bulguların konjonktürel karşılaştırmalı bir analizi yapılarak, ta...

  19. AMIDO DE BATATA DOCE (Ipomoea batatas L, Lam: II – CARACTERIZAÇÃO MORFOLÓGICA E ESTUDO DE ALGUMAS PROPRIEDADES FUNCIONAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOSé PASCHOAL BATISTUTI

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available

    RESUMO: O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar morfologicamente e estudar a relação estrutura: função do grânulo de amido extraído de tubérculos, de diferentes cultivares de batata-doce (Ipomoea batatas L, Lam. Nas condições do experimento e mediante os resultados obtidos, observou-se que o amido dos diferentes cultivares estudados mostrou diferenças acentuadas na sua morfologia. Foram observadas, também, diferenças nas propriedades viscoamilográficas, devidas particularmente à heterogeneidade de forças envolvidas na manutenção da estrutura do grânulo. O amido obtido, dos cultivares estudados, mostrou maior resistência à desintegração mecânica, durante a gelatinização, quando comparado aos padrões comerciais testados. Apenas um cultivar mostrou pico de viscosidade máxima. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Batata-doce; amido; funcionalidade; morfologia.

  20. The in-capillary DPPH-capillary electrophoresis-the diode array detector combined with reversed-electrode polarity stacking mode for screening and quantifying major antioxidants in Cuscuta chinensis Lam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jiao; Tian, Ji; Li, Jin; Azietaku, John Teye; Zhang, Bo-Li; Gao, Xiu-Mei; Chang, Yan-Xu

    2016-07-01

    An in-capillary 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)-CE-the DAD (in-capillary DPPH-CE-DAD) combined with reversed-electrode polarity stacking mode has been developed to screen and quantify the active antioxidant components of Cuscuta chinensis Lam. The operation parameters were optimized with regard to the pH and concentration of buffer solution, SDS, β-CDs, organic modifier, as well as separation voltage and temperature. Six antioxidants including chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, rutin, hyperin, isoquercitrin, and astragalin were screened and the total antioxidant activity of the complex matrix was successfully evaluated based on the decreased peak area of DPPH by the established DPPH-CE-DAD method. Sensitivity was enhanced under reversed-electrode polarity stacking mode and 10- to 31-fold of magnitude improvement in detection sensitivity for each analyte was attained. The results demonstrated that the newly established in-capillary DPPH-CE-DAD method combined with reversed-electrode polarity stacking mode could integrate sample concentration, the oxidizing reaction, separation, and detection into one capillary to fully automate the system. It was considered a suitable technique for the separation, screening, and determination of trace antioxidants in natural products. PMID:26955793

  1. 活血化瘀药龙船花全草挥发油的GC-MS分析%GC-MS analysis of volatile oil from whole plant of Ixora chinensis Lam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任赛赛; 潘为高; 李勇; 朱小勇; 朱意麟; 罗彭

    2012-01-01

    目的:研究龙船花全草挥发油的化学成分组成.方法:分别采用水蒸气蒸馏法和超临界CO2萃取法提取制备2组挥发油;通过GC-MS和检索所用质谱库(NIST08.L,Wiley 275.L)检索研究其化学成分组成,用面积归一化法确定各成分的相对百分含量.结果:水蒸气蒸馏法挥发油中分离出27个色谱峰,鉴定了其中12个化合物,占挥发油总量的79.57%;超临界CO2萃取法挥发油中分离出107个色谱峰,鉴定了其中73个化合物,占挥发油总量的78.37%.结论:龙船花全株含挥发油种类丰富,涵盖脂肪族及其含氧和含氮衍生物,芳香族和萜及其含氧衍生物.超临界CO2萃取法得到的化学成分数目比水蒸气蒸馏法丰富.超临界CO2萃取物化学成分种类的阐述为龙船花多种药理活性的物质基础研究提供了借鉴.%Objective: To study the chemical constituents of volatile oil from the whole plant of hora chinensis Lam. . Methods: Two groups of volatile oil were separately prepared by steam distillation (SD) and supercritical CO2 extraction (SFE - C02) methods. The chemical components were analyzed by GC - MS with the area normalization method to determine the relative percentage content of each component. Results:In the total ion chromatogra-phy (TIC) graph,the steam distillation case included 27 peaks with 12 compounds identified which accounted for 79. 57% of the total essential oil,while the supercritical CO2 extraction case includes 107 peaks with 73 compounds identified which accounted for 78. 37% of the total essential oil. Conclusions: There were abundant types of chemical constituents in the volatile oil from the whole plant of /. chinensis including aliphatic derivatives, aromatic derivatives and terpene derivatives. Numbers of chemical constituents in SFE - CO2 case were far more than those in SD case. Investigation of the chemical constituents of SFE - CO2 extract from Ixora chinensis Lam. may provide some references for the

  2. Produção da batata-doce adubada com esterco bovino e biofertilizante Yield of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam. fertilized with cattle manure and biofertilizer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ademar Pereira de Oliveira

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar a produção da batata-doce (Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam. adubada com esterco bovino e biofertilizante, conduziu-se um experimento no período de Janeiro a Junho de 2004, em NEOSSOLO REGOLÍTICO, psamítico típico, na Universidade Federal da Paraíba, em Areia-PB. O delineamento experimental empregado foi de blocos casualisados, com quatro repetições com os tratamentos distribuídos em arranjo fatorial 6 x 2, sendo seis doses de esterco bovino (0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 t ha-1 e ausência e presença de biofertilizante. As parcelas foram constituídas por 80 plantas, espaçadas de 80 x 30 cm. O número de raízes comerciais por planta atingiu valores máximos estimados de 2,0 e 1,7 raízes, respectivamente, nas doses de 26 e 25 t ha-1 de esterco bovino na presença e ausência de biofertilizante. O peso médio de raízes comerciais da batata-doce aumentou com elevação das doses de esterco bovino, atingindo na maior dose 360 e 224 g na presença e ausência de biofertilizante. As doses de 25,6 e 24,4 t ha-1 de esterco bovino foram responsáveis pela máxima produção total de raízes de 21,4 e 21,2 t ha-1, respectivamente, na presença e ausência de biofertilizante. As máximas produções de raízes comerciais, 15,2 e 12,9 t ha-1 foram alcançadas com 25,5 e 21,3 t ha-1 de esterco bovino, na presença e ausência de biofertilizante, respectivamente.Aiming to evaluate the sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam. yield fertilization with bovine manure and biofertilizer, an experiment was carried out from January to July, 2004, on ustipsamment soil, at Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Areia-PB. The Experimental outline used was randomized blocks, with four replications and, treatments distributed in factorial arrangement 6 x 2, being six levels of bovine manure (0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 t ha-1 and absence and presence of biofertilizer. Plots were constituted by 80 plants, spaced 80 x 30 cm. Commercial roots number per plant reached

  3. Analysis of SSR Information in EST Resource of Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.and Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth%甘薯与牵牛EST资源的SSR信息分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰孟焦; 吴问胜; 王瑞珍; 赵朝森; 赵现伟

    2013-01-01

    为挖掘番薯(Ipomoea)属EST-SSR资源,从NCBI数据库下载23406条甘薯(Ipomoea batatas(L.)Lam.) EST和62282条牵牛(Ipomoea nil(L.)Roth) EST,利用生物信息学软件预处理、去冗余、拼接后得到12812条无冗余的甘薯EST(6.70Mb)和28422条牵牛唯一序列(17.19 Mb).对这些序列进行SSR搜索,在甘薯上获得328个SSR位点,出现频率为2.56%;牵牛上筛选到962个SSR位点,出现频率为3.38%.甘薯和牵牛EST-SSR具有多个共同特征:在SSR位点中,主要是二核苷酸重复类型,其次是三核苷酸重复;在二核苷酸重复中,出现最多的重复基序为AG/CT,其次是AT/AT;在三核苷酸重复中,主要基序是AAG/CCT; SSR位点的长度主要集中在20~22 bp.结果表明,搜索出的EST-SSR重复基序类型丰富、多态性潜能高,具有较高的开发和利用价值.%To excavate the EST-SSR resourses of lpomoea,12812 non-redundant ESTs with the total length about 6.70 Mb were obtained by assembling 23406 ESTs from Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.in NCBI.With the same way,28422 unique sequences covering 17.19 Mb were generated from Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth.A total of 328 SSR loci for Ipomoea batatas with the the frequency of 2.56% and 962 SSR loci for Ipomoea nil with the frequency of 3.38% were identified by MISA.The EST-SSRs from Ipomoea batatas and Ipomoea nil had many common features.Among all the identified SSRs,dinucleotide repeats were dominant motifs and then were trinucleotide repeats.For dinucleotide repeats,AG/CT was the major motif,followed by AT/AT.And AAG/CCT was the most frequent motif among the trinucleotide repeats.The length of EST-SSRs was mainly distributed among 20-22 bp.The results indicated that these EST-SSRs with abundant repeat motif types and high potential polymorphism had high value for exploitation and utilization.

  4. Evidence for Oldenlandia diffusa-evoked cancer cell apoptosis through superoxide burst and caspase activation%白花蛇舌草激发肿瘤细胞产生超氧化物和激活半胱氨酸天冬氨酸蛋白酶诱导肿瘤细胞凋亡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雅达赋; 李少钦

    2006-01-01

    背景与目的:白花蛇舌草是常用于抗肿瘤的中药之一.实验研究和临床使用表明该药有明显的抗肿瘤作用,但是该药抗癌作用的原理尚不清楚.本文研究了白花蛇舌草的乙醇和水的提取物对人急性髓样白血病细胞HL60生存和死亡的影响及其机制.方法:我们用白花蛇舌草的提取物处理细胞,在处理后2h开始测量细胞内的超氧化物及各种半胱氨酸天冬氨酸蛋白酶(caspase)的水平,并于24 h测量细胞的生存及凋亡情况.结果:我们发现乙醇和水的提取物对HL60细胞的生存有较强的抑制作用.对乙醇提取物的进一步研究则表明该提取物能有效地激活caspase-2和caspase-3并诱发癌细胞凋亡.乙醇提取物在较短的时间(2 h)内诱导细胞产生超氧化物.结论:白花蛇舌草乙醇提取物能有效地激发肿瘤细胞产生超氧化物并诱导肿瘤细胞凋亡.由于细胞内产生超氧化物能诱导细胞凋亡,我们认为白花蛇舌草的抗癌机制是通过激发肿瘤细胞产生大量超氧化物,致使癌细胞内氧爆破,最终激活凋亡信号网络而使癌细胞凋亡.%Background & objective: Oldenlandia diffusa (Bai Hua She She Cao) is one of the herbs most commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating cancer. Various studies using the herb alone or in combination with other therapy plans have evidenced the effectiveness of the herb in the management of cancers of different tissue origin. However, the mechanisms underlying its anti-cancer activity are unknown.In the present study, we attempted to investigate the apoptotic activity of crude extracts of the herb as well as the possible molecular pathways. Methods: We incubated human promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL60 cells with ethanol or aqueous extracts of the herb, and determined the levels of intracellular superoxide at 2 and 4 hours as well as caspase activity at 3, 6 and 8 hours using photospectrometry. Cancer cell survival and

  5. 白花蛇舌草总黄酮对 BGC -823胃癌细胞增殖和凋亡的影响%Effect of the total flavones of oldenlandia diffusa on the proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer cell BGC-823

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秋兰; 高晓民; 张煦

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨白花蛇舌草总黄酮对BGC-823胃癌细胞增殖和凋亡的影响。方法采用MTT法检测3.125,6.25,9.375,12.5,25.0及50.0μg/mL白花蛇舌草总黄酮作用24 h及48 h对BGC-823胃癌细胞的抑制率,流式细胞仪检测白花蛇舌草总黄酮对细胞周期及细胞凋亡的影响。结果作用24 h,白花蛇舌草总黄酮3.125,6.25μg/mL对BGC-823胃癌细胞无明显抑制作用,9.375,12.5,25,50μg/mL有明显抑制作用,其中12.5μg/mL抑制率最高为51.5%,同期1μg/mL顺铂组为82.4%;作用48 h,白花蛇舌草总黄酮3.125,50μg/mL对BGC-823胃癌细胞无明显抑制作用,6.25,9.375,12.5,25μg/mL对BGC-823胃癌细胞均有明显抑制作用,其中12.5μg/mL抑制率最高为67.3%,同期1μg/mL顺铂组为85.4%。实验各组48 h抑制率均高于24 h。经白花蛇舌草总黄酮梯度药物处理的BGC-823胃癌细胞悬浮死亡,且随药物浓度的增加悬浮死亡的细胞增多,细胞呈现凋亡特征。白花蛇舌草总黄酮试验组与对照组比较,G1期细胞增加,S期细胞明显减少,凋亡细胞比例明显增高。结论白花蛇舌草总黄酮对BGC-823胃癌细胞的生长增殖有明显抑制作用,并表现出一定范围内的时-效及量-效关系,作用机制可能与抑制DNA的合成、诱导细胞凋亡有关。%Objective It is to approach the influence of the total flavones of oldenlandia diffusa ( TFOD) on the prolifera-tion and apoptosis of gastric cancer cell BGC-823.Methods The inhibition of TFOD in dose of 3.125, 6.25, 9.375, 12.5, 25.0 and 50.0 μg/mL on BGC-823 cells for 24 and 48 hours were measured by MTT assay;the influence of TFOD on the proliferation cycle and apoptosis of BGC-823 was detected by Flow Cytometry.Results After 24 hours, the dose of TFOD in 3.125 and 6.25μg/mL had no obvious inhibition, but in 9.375, 12.5, 25.0 and 50.0

  6. Separation and purification of water-soluble flavonoids from Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam leaves%菠萝蜜叶中水溶性黄酮的分离与纯化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江新德; 江桂仙; 邱深玉; 徐瑞兰; 彭勇

    2015-01-01

    Recently,separation and purification of flavonoids from natural product has drawn considerable attention in the field of medicine technology. In this study,the water-soluble flavonoids were isolated from Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam leaves by macroporous resin adsorption method. After static and dynamic adsorption/desorption analysis,AB-8 resin was selected for the isolation of flavonoids. The absorb behav-iors agree with Langmuir model,which belongs to monomolecular-layer absorption and favors for desorp-tion of flavonoids. The percentage of flavonoids to total dry weight of extract was raised to 74. 7℅ by mass spectrometry analysis and quantitative determination,and it is 1. 42 times higher than the original extract.%黄酮类化合物由于具有强抗氧化作用,在医学上有较高应用价值,近年来对它的分离纯化是研究热点之一。以菠萝蜜叶为原材料,采用大孔树脂吸附分离法提取其中的水溶性黄酮。经过静态与动态吸附解析筛选,AB-8树脂对黄酮的分离效果最为显著。AB-8树脂对黄酮的吸附更符合Langmuir模型,吸附属于单分子层吸附,有利于黄酮的解析。分离纯化的产品经质谱分析与定量测定,黄酮占总干重的百分比由原来的30.9℅提升到74.7℅。

  7. INFLUENŢA ADMINISTRĂRII UNOR AMENDAMENTE ŞI ÎNGRĂŞĂMINTE CHIMICE ASUPRA CONŢINUTULUI DE APĂ LA LOLIUM MULTIFLORUM LAM. CULTIVATĂ PE CÂMPUL EXPERIMENTAL HIDROAMELIORAT DE LA SOCODOR (JUD. ARAD

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    A. Faur

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The variations of the total water content and of the free and bound fractions in Lolium multiflorum Lam. were studied in a structural solonetz having moderate depth columns and sodium sulfate salinization. The plants were cultivated in conditions of an experimental field at the Experimental Center for the saline and alkalinous soil melioration from Socodor (Arad district. Before the experiment in the field was installed an underground drainage system consisting in ceramics tubes. After this installations followed a salts washing with a rate of 2500 m³ water/hectare. Three years after these hydromeliorated complex measures was set up an experiment of application of some different types and doses of chemical fertilizers in amendmented and unamendmented conditions three times administered in the next variants: V1 - N0P0K0; V2 - N120; V3 - K50; V4 - P80; V5 - N120K50; V6 - N120P80K50. The application of the amendments as 50 tons phosphogypsum/hectare determined water content increase in the leaf cells. The same effect had the chemical fertilizer applications but this effect was different according with the type of the fertilization. The highest action of the growth of the total water content and of bound water fraction had the nitrogen fertilization especially when this fertilization was made by the balance with phosphorous and potassium. It is notice a lower effect of potassium fertilization on the water keeping in the cells due probably of high content of sodium in the halomorphous soils suggesting an unspecific involving in the maintain of the cell turgor. The phosphogypsum application diminish the supplementary fertilization efficiency with phosphorous in the plants cultivated on halomorphous soils.

  8. Evaluación tecnológica y de explotación de conjuntos de máquinas en la labor de surcado para el cultivo del boniato (Ipomoea batatas (Lam Poir

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    Alfonso Enrique Ortiz Rodríguez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La utilización de conjuntos de máquinas en la labor de surcado con aperos de diferentes características constructivas influye en los índices tecnológico y de explotación de los mismos. La investigación se desarrolló en la Unidad Básica de Producción Cooperativa "El Palmar" perteneciente a la Empresa de Cultivos Varios "Paquito Rosales Benítez" de Veguitas, municipio Yara, provincia de Granma, en el período de diciembre de 2005 a enero de 2008 (tres campañas, el método utilizado fue el analítico investigativo y la técnica de fotocronometraje, con el objetivo de evaluar en la labor de surcado para el cultivo del boniato (Ipomoea batatas (Lam Poir en un Fluvisol, el comportamiento de los índices tecnológicoy de explotación de los conjuntos formados por el tractor MTZ-50 con Surcador Fertilizador IIMA-BALDAN 4500 (T1, Surcador Aporcador SA-5 (T2 y SA-3 (T3. El tratamiento T1 obtuvo integralmente el mejor resultado, logrando un aprovechamiento del ancho de trabajo superior en 20 y 33%, la velocidad en 3 y 6%, el tiempo de turno en 9 y 13% y la productividad en 13 y 17%, disminuyendo los gastos totales en 20,7 y 37,0% con relación a T2 y T3 respectivamente.

  9. Çevre Duyarlılığı Bağlamında Seyahat Acentelerinin Web Siteleri Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme / An Evaluation of Environmental Concerns of Travel Agencies in Their Web Sites

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    Nazmiye Erdoğan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Seyahat acentelerinin web siteleri, acentelerin çevre konusundaki ilgi ve duyarlılığını yansıtan iletişim araçlarından birisidir. Bu çalışma, acentelerin web sitelerinde çevre ile ilgili anlatıların bulunup bulunmadığını incelemek, acentelerin çevreyle ilgili yönelimlerini tespit etmek ve bu yönelimin sürdürülebilirlik ve ekoturizm ilkeleri bağlamında değerlendirmesini yapmak üzere hazırlanmıştır. Analiz için gerekli verileri toplamak amacıyla, Türkiye Seyahat Acenteleri Birliği’nin (TÜRSAB web sayfasında erişilen 5362 acenteden web sitesi olan 1382 acente seçilmiş ve bu acentelerin web sayfalarının içerik analizi yapılmıştır. Analizin ilk aşamasında, web sitelerinin sadece %2,7 gibi küçük bir kısmında, çevre ile ilgili anlatılar bulunduğu tespit edilmiştir. İkinci aşamasında, sürdürülebilirlik ve ekoturizm bağlamında belirlenen 12 çevresel göstergenin web sayfalarındaki anlatılarda varlığı araştırılmış ve web sitelerinin %2,4’ünde çevre/doğa koruma kavramının geçtiği, bunu, sırasıyla, yöre halkına saygı, alternatif turizm, ekoturizm, sürdürülebilir turizmin takip ettiği görülmüştür. Doğa/çevre koruma, çevresel eğitim, yerel kalkınma ve katılımcılık, sürdürülebilir kullanım gibi göstergelerle ilgili anlatıların sürdürülebilir turizm ve ekoturizm ilkeleri ile bütünleştiği, ancak yetersiz olduğu saptanmıştır. Bulgular acentelerin sürdürülebilir turizm bağlamında faaliyetlerde bulunmaları ve çevreye verdikleri önemi ve çevresel faaliyetlerini acente web sitesi gibi önemli bir iletişim kanalında yansıtmaları gerektiğine işaret etmektedir ve sadece kendilerini değil aynı zamanda turistleri de çevresel bağlamda geliştirmeleri gerektiğini göstermektedir. An Evaluation of Environmental Concerns of Travel Agencies in Their Web Sites The travel agency web site is one of the means of communication that

  10. Influencia de cinco tipos de embalagens na germinaçao e no vigor de sementes de Angico - Parapiptadenia rigida (Benth)Brenan, Caixeta - Tabebuia cassinoides (Lam)Dc. e caroba-Jacaranda micrantha Cham. armazenadas em câmara fria e a temperatura ambiente

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos, Adson

    2013-01-01

    O presente trabalho foi conduzido no Laboratório de Silvicultura do Departamento de Silvicultura e Manejo da Universidade Federal do Paraná, com o intuito de apresentar informações que permitam estudar a viabilidade de lotes de sementes de angico vermelho -Parapiptadenia rigida (Benth.) Brenan, caixeta -Tabebuia cassinoides (Lam.) DC. Caroba – Jacaranda micrantha Cham., através de um armazenamento adequado. Após uma secagem inicial, em estufa a 42ºC por períodos de 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 e 8 ...

  11. Evaluación de los niveles de expresión “in vitro” de enzimas pectinolíticas del hongo Colletotrichum acutatum en presencia de inductores naturales provenientes del fruto de lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam). Avances para determinar sus niveles de transcripción

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez González, Ana Patricia

    2012-01-01

    Con el fin de aportar a la caracterización de los eventos bioquímicos que median la interacción del fruto de lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam) con el patógeno Colletotricum acutatum, causante de la enfermedad conocida como antracnosis, se evaluó “in vitro” la secreción por parte del hongo de las enzimas pectinolíticas, poligalacturonasa y pectato liasa en presencia de exocarpo o pared celular del fruto en diferentes estados de maduración (verde, pintón y maduro). Las condiciones seleccionadas para...

  12. Gozāreš-e nahā’ī-ye kāvoš-e bāstān-šenāḫtī gūrestān-e Lamā, Yāsūj - Kohgīlūye va Boyer Aḥmad / Final Report of the Archaeological excavations at Lamā Cemetery, Yasudj - Kohgilouye va Boyer Ahmad. Tehrān, Pažūhešgāh-e mīrā

    OpenAIRE

    Boucharlat, Rémy

    2010-01-01

    Fouilles de sauvetage entreprises entre 2000 et 2005 sur une nécropole située près du village de Lamā à 50 km au nord de Yasuj. À part plusieurs tombes détruites par un bulldozer, 58 autres ont été fouillées par une mission archéologique. La plupart ont des parois élevées en moellons et la couverture est constituée de dalles disposées en bâtière, ou parfois posées à plat. Squelettes et dépôts d’objets ont été très endommagés par les infiltrations d’eau, car les tombes sont proches de la surfa...

  13. Influência da temperatura e da quantidade de água no substrato sobre a germinação de sementes de Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam. Urban (pau-de-balsa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramos Michele Braule Pinto

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho foi conduzido com o objetivo de avaliar diferentes volumes de água no substrato e temperaturas na germinação de sementes de Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. ex Lam. Urban. Antes da instalação dos testes de germinação, as sementes foram tratadas com imersão em água quente a 80º C até o resfriamento, para superar a dormência. A semeadura foi realizada em rolos de papel germitest, umedecidos com volumes (mL de água equivalentes a 1,5; 2,0; 2,5 e 3,0 vezes o peso do substrato nas temperaturas de 25, 30 e 35º C. O delineamento experimental adotado foi o inteiramente casualizado com os tratamentos em esquema fatorial 4 x 3. Para cada tratamento, utilizaram-se quatro repetições de 25 sementes. Após o encerramento do experimento (aos 21 dias, foi avaliada a porcentagem, o índice de velocidade de germinação e os comprimentos da raiz primária e do hipocótilo. A porcentagem de germinação final não foi influenciada pelos fatores estudados. O índice de velocidade de germinação foi favorecido pelas maiores temperaturas, 30 e 35º C. A temperatura de 30º C e a quantidade de água de 1,5 vezes o peso do papel, e 35º C e a quantidade de 3,0 vezes, foram as mais indicadas para o desenvolvimento da raiz primária e do hipocótilo da espécie. Para a germinação das sementes de O. pyramidale recomenda-se a temperatura de 30º C com a quantidade de água de 1,5 vezes o peso do papel, e a temperatura de 35º C com a quantidade de água de 3,0 vezes.

  14. Potencial productivo de esquejes de boniato (Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam. procedentes de una nueva tecnología de producción de semilla agámica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Díaz Hernández

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN El trabajo se realizó en el Instituto de Investigaciones en Viandas Tropicales durante el periodo de septiembre del 2008 a abril 2009, con los objetivos de determinar la cantidad de esquejes que proporciona el vivero y la frecuencia de corte, así como comparar el potencial productivo de cada corte. El Experimento consistió en el montaje de cámaras de aproximadamente 1m de ancho y 15m de largo, se utilizaron raíces tuberosas del clon comercial INIVIT B2-2005 como material de plantación. Se comprobó que durante la fase del vivero este proporcionó un total de nueve cortes tanto en la época frío como en primavera con un total de 764 y 1390 esquejes respectivamente. Después de cortados los esquejes fueron llevados al campo donde se realizó un estudio para determinar los rendimientos correspondientes a cada tratamiento (número de cortes. Se utilizó un diseño de bloques al azar con cuatros réplicas. Los resultados mostraron que en pequeñas áreas de viveros se puede obtener un número significativo de esquejes y de muy buena calidad productiva además de que los esquejes procedentes de diferentes momentos de cortes presentan igual comportamiento en cuanto al rendimiento. Productive potential of sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas (L. Lam cuttings from a new technology for agamic seed production. ABSTRACT The work was conducted at the Research Institute of Tropical Root and Tuber Crops from September 2008 to April 2009 with the objectives of determining the amount of cuts provided by the nursery and cut frequency, as well as, to compare the productive potential of each cut. The experiment consisted of mounting chambers about 1m wide and 15m long. Tuberous roots from the commercial clone INIVIT B2-2005 were used as planting seeds. During the nursery stage, nine cuts were provided in the winter and rainy seasons with a total of 764 and 1390 cuttings respectively. Cuttings were transferred to field conditions to determine corresponding

  15. Mobbing in primary schools in the context of gender perspectiveİlköğretim okullarındaki yıldırmaya (mobbing toplumsal cinsiyet bağlamında bir bakış

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    Serap Karabacak Aşır

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the degree of mobbing (psychological violence that primary schools teachers face with in the context of the gender variable. The study is carried out by using a Likert-type scale questionnaire answered by the participants. A 33-item questionnaire, consisting of 2 parts, is applied to 230 teachers, 115 females and 115 males, who work in public primary schools of Ministry of Education. The first part of the questionnaire consists of a form prepared by the scale of mobbing while the second part consists of a form in which the ideas of the participants about the effectiveness of in-service training for adults in the prevention of mobbing are asked. The study sample is composed of teachers who work in 4 primary schools in Mamak district of Ankara. The research is limited with variables such as gender, age, marital status, seniority and tenure. The obtained data are analyzed by considering gender context. According to the findings of research, mobbing is applied to female teachers more than male teachers in primary schools. Married female teachers working in primary schools who are between the ages of 21 to 30 are more exposed to mobbing. Female teachers who are experienced between 1 and 3 years are more exposed to mobbing compared to their colleagues. Besides, the mobbing rate decreases as the tenure increases. Participants think that administrators they work with should attend trainings on adult psychology and behaviors, yet they are not sure whether this training can change the behaviors of their administrators.  ÖzetBu araştırma, ilköğretim okullarında çalışan öğretmenlerin yıldırmaya uğrama düzeylerini toplumsal cinsiyet değişkeni bağlamında belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırma, likert tipi ölçek kullanılarak hazırlanan anketin katılımcılar tarafından cevaplanması ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. 33 maddelik 2 bölümden oluşan bu anket, Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı’na ba

  16. BUTEA MONOSPERMA (LAM. KUNTZE: A REVIEW

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    Jindal Sumit

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The traditional systems of medicine together with homoeopathy and folkore medicine continue to play a significant role largely in the health care system of the population. Butea monosperma (Palas belonging to the family leguminaceae grown wildly in many parts of India. The plant is highly used by the rural and tribal people in curing various disorders. The present paper enumerates various traditional and medicinal utility of the plant and attempt was made to gather information about the chemical composition and pharmacological aspects of the plant.

  17. BUTEA MONOSPERMA (LAM.) KUNTZE: A REVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Jindal Sumit; Vasudeva Neeru; Sandhu Navgeet; Rajak Prakash; Rai Geeta

    2011-01-01

    The traditional systems of medicine together with homoeopathy and folkore medicine continue to play a significant role largely in the health care system of the population. Butea monosperma (Palas) belonging to the family leguminaceae grown wildly in many parts of India. The plant is highly used by the rural and tribal people in curing various disorders. The present paper enumerates various traditional and medicinal utility of the plant and attempt was made to gather information about the chem...

  18. Radioecology of Picea excelsa (L. Lam

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    Jan Sarosiek

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Within the area of the radiation anomaly near Kowary (Sudeten Mountains the spruce (Picea excelsa occurs in habitats with natural soil gamma radiation within 0.05-1.48 mR/h. By way of detailed ecological analysis 5 stenotopic habitats of spruce development were selected differing in radiation intensity. In these habitats the intrapopulation variability, radioactivity and ecological properties of the Picea excelsa populations were investigated. It was demonstrated that radiation within the above mentioned range is an essential ecological limiting factor, conditioning ecotypic differences in Picea excelsa. The limiting influence of radiation is manifested in a high frequency of development anomalies in the spruce population.

  19. Radioecology of Picea excelsa (L.) Lam

    OpenAIRE

    Jan Sarosiek; Irena Iwen

    2015-01-01

    Within the area of the radiation anomaly near Kowary (Sudeten Mountains) the spruce (Picea excelsa) occurs in habitats with natural soil gamma radiation within 0.05-1.48 mR/h. By way of detailed ecological analysis 5 stenotopic habitats of spruce development were selected differing in radiation intensity. In these habitats the intrapopulation variability, radioactivity and ecological properties of the Picea excelsa populations were investigated. It was demonstrated that radiation within the ...

  20. Chromosome duplication in Lolium multiflorum Lam.

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    Roselaine Cristina Pereira

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Artificial chromosome duplication of diploid genotypes of Lolium multiflorum (2n=2x=14 is worthy to breeding, and aims to increase the expression of traits with agronomic interest. The purpose of this study was to obtain polyploid plants of L. multiflorum from local diploid populations in order to exploit adaptation and future verification of the effects of polyploidy in agronomic traits. Seedlings were immersed in different colchicine solutions for an exposure time of 3h and 24h. Ploidy determination was made by the DNA content and certified by chromosomes counts. The plants confirmed as tetraploids were placed in a greenhouse, and, at flowering, pollen viability was evaluated, and seeds were harvested to assess the stability of the progenies. The percentage of polyploids obtained was 20%. Pollen viability of the tetraploids generated ranged from 58% to 69%. The tetraploid plants obtained in the experiment generated 164 progenies, of which 109 presented DNA content compatible with the tetraploid level, showing stability of chromosome duplication in the filial generation.

  1. 不同硫取代度昆布多糖硫酸酯的合成及理化性质初步研究%Synthesis of Different Degree of Substitution of LAMS and Preliminary Study on Physical and Chemical Properties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟德友; 汲晨峰; 季宇彬

    2012-01-01

    目的:对昆布多糖进行不同硫取代度的硫酸酯化修饰,并对其产物的硫酸基含量、糖含量与分子量进行检测,为研究不同硫取代度昆布多糖硫酸酯的生物活性奠定物质基础.方法:采用氯磺酸-吡啶法对昆布多糖进行硫酸化修饰,通过改变硫酸化修饰条件,来制取不同硫酸基取代度的昆布多糖硫酸酯;利用盐酸水解-硫酸钡比浊法测定昆布多糖硫酸酯的硫酸基含量,并通过公式求得其硫取代度;用苯酚-硫酸法测定昆布多糖硫酸酯的多糖含量,并使用HPGPC法测定其分子量.结果:两种不同硫取代度昆布多糖硫酸酯的硫酸基含量分别为37.8%、45.92%,取代度分别为1.07、1.51,糖含量分别为44.52%、37.19%,分子量分别为13000、16000.结论:利用氯磺酸-吡啶法对昆布多糖进行硫酸酯化修饰,该方法可以获取不同取代度产物,酯化率高.%Objective: To sulfate the laminarin for different degree of substitution. And its sulfate content, sugar content and molecular testing for the study of different degree of substitution of LAMS Iay the material foundation of biological activity. Methods: Using chlorosulfonic acid - pyridine method for sulfation of laminarin, sulfated by changing conditions, preparation of different degree of substitution of sulfate laminarin sulfate; the use of barium sulfate turbidimetric method LAMS of sulfate content, and calculate the degree of substitution; phenol - sulfuric acid method for the determination of laminarin sulfate polysaccharide content and its molecular weight determined using HPGPC. Results: LAMS of two different sulfur degree of substitution'of sulfate contents were 37.8%, 45.92%, the degree of substitution were 1.07,1.51, sugar contents were 44.52%, 37.19%, and molecular weight were 13000, 16000. Conclusion: LAMS was prepared from laminarin by chlorsulfonic acid-pyridine method. The rate of esterification are high and preparation of a different

  2. Otimização dos tempos de mistura e decantação no processo de coagulação/floculação da água bruta por meio da Moringa oleifera Lam - DOI: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v30i2.5493

    OpenAIRE

    Karina Cordeiro Cardoso; Rosângela Bergamasco; Eneida Sala Cossich; Leila Cristina Konradt Moraes

    2008-01-01

    Diversos coagulantes/floculantes estão sendo estudados ao que se refere à remoção de cor e turbidez da água bruta, entretanto, os coagulantes naturais têm demonstrado vantagens em relação aos químicos. A Moringa oleifera Lam é um polímero natural que vem ganhando destaque no tratamento de água, pois atua como agente clarificante pela presença de uma proteína catiônica que desestabiliza as partículas contidas na água em meio líquido. Este trabalho propõe a otimização dos tempos de coagulação, ...

  3. Otimização dos tempos de mistura e decantação no processo de coagulação/floculação da água bruta por meio da Moringa oleifera Lam - DOI: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v30i2.5493

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Cordeiro Cardoso

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Diversos coagulantes/floculantes estão sendo estudados ao que se refere à remoção de cor e turbidez da água bruta, entretanto, os coagulantes naturais têm demonstrado vantagens em relação aos químicos. A Moringa oleifera Lam é um polímero natural que vem ganhando destaque no tratamento de água, pois atua como agente clarificante pela presença de uma proteína catiônica que desestabiliza as partículas contidas na água em meio líquido. Este trabalho propõe a otimização dos tempos de coagulação, floculação e decantação, utilizando como coagulante diferentes concentrações da solução extraída da polpa da semente de Moringa oleifera Lam, para verificar a eficiência de remoção da cor e turbidez da água. Os ensaios foram realizados em “Jar Test”, utilizando diferentes tempos de mistura e decantação, com várias concentrações do biopolímero. Verificou-se que o tempo para propiciar a mistura rápida e lenta, assim como a concentração do coagulante influenciaram a remoção dos parâmetros durante a coagulação/floculação/sedimentação.

  4. Phenolics and Plant Allelopathy

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    De-An Jiang

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Phenolic compounds arise from the shikimic and acetic acid (polyketide metabolic pathways in plants. They are but one category of the many secondary metabolites implicated in plant allelopathy. Phenolic allelochemicals have been observed in both natural and managed ecosystems, where they cause a number of ecological and economic problems, such as declines in crop yield due to soil sickness, regeneration failure of natural forests, and replanting problems in orchards. Phenolic allelochemical structures and modes of action are diverse and may offer potential lead compounds for the development of future herbicides or pesticides. This article reviews allelopathic effects, analysis methods, and allelopathic mechanisms underlying the activity of plant phenolic compounds. Additionally, the currently debated topic in plant allelopathy of whether catechin and 8-hydroxyquinoline play an important role in Centaurea maculata and Centaurea diffusa invasion success is discussed. Overall, the main purpose of this review is to highlight the allelopacthic potential of phenolic compounds to provide us with methods to solve various ecology problems, especially in regard to the sustainable development of agriculture, forestry, nature resources and environment conservation.

  5. Antioxidant Activity and Isolation of Luteoline from Centaurea behen L. Grown in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Esmaeili, Akbar; Mousavi, Zahra; Shokrollahi, Maryam; Shafaghat, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Flavonoids are secondary metabolites providing Ultraviolet-visible (UV) spectroscopy protection and color in almost all terrestrial plants and fruits. They have a fused ring system consisting of an aromatic ring and a benzopyran ring with a phenyl substituent. As their biological activities have an impact on human health, they serve as target molecules in the development of new drugs. The objective of this research was to study the antioxidant activity and chemical analysis of the luteoline f...

  6. Differentiation between diploid and tetraploid Centaurea phrygia: mating barriers, morphology and geographic distribution

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Koutecký, P.; Štěpánek, Jan; Baďurová, T.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 84, č. 1 (2012), s. 1-32. ISSN 0032-7786 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/09/1126 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Institutional support: RVO:67985939 Keywords : geographic distribution * polyploidy * reproductive isolation Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 2.833, year: 2012

  7. The Case Against (-)-Catechin Involvement in Allelopathy in Centaurea stoebe (spotted knapweed)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proving allelopathic chemical interference is a daunting endeavor, in that production and movement of a phytotoxin from a donor plant to a receiving plant must be demonstrated in the substrate in which the plants grow, which is usually a complex soil matrix. The soil levels or soil flux levels of th...

  8. Chemical constituents of Vernonia scorpioides (Lam) Pers. (Asteraceae); Constituintes quimicos de Vernonia scorpioides (Lam) Pers. (Asteraceae)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Machado, Adalva Lopes; Aragao, Fabiana Martins; Bandeira, Paulo N.; Santos, Helcio Silva dos; Albuquerque, Maria Rose Jane R., E-mail: rjane_7@hotmail.com [Universidade Estadual Vale do Acarau, Sobral, CE (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias Exatas e Tecnologia. Coordenaco de Quimica; Pessoa, Otilia Deusdenia L.; Silveira, Edilberto R. [Universidade Federal do Ceara (UFCE), Fortaleza (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias. Departamento de Quimica Organica e Inorganica; Nunes, Edson Paula [Universidade Federal do Ceara (UFCE), Fortaleza (Brazil). Departamento de Biologia; Braz-Filho, Raimundo [Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ (Brazil). Departamento de Quimica

    2013-09-01

    The chemical investigation of hexane and ethanol extracts from the aerial parts of Vernonia scorpioides resulted in the isolation and characterization of a new polyacetylene lactone, rel-4-dihydro-4{beta}-hydroxy-5{alpha}-octa-2,4,6-triynyl-furan-2-(5H)-one, along with the new ethyl 3,4-dihydroxy-6,8,10-triynyldodecanoate, and seven known compounds: taraxasteryl acetate, lupeyl acetate, lupeol, lupenone, {beta}-sitosterol, stigmasterol and luteolin. The structure of all compounds was determined by spectrometric techniques (HR-ESI-MS, {sup 1}H and {sup 13}C NMR and IV) and comparison with published spectral data. (author)

  9. Adaptive plasticity and niche expansion in an invasive thistle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Kathryn G; Fréville, Hélène; Rieseberg, Loren H

    2015-08-01

    Phenotypic differentiation in size and fecundity between native and invasive populations of a species has been suggested as a causal driver of invasion in plants. Local adaptation to novel environmental conditions through a micro-evolutionary response to natural selection may lead to phenotypic differentiation and fitness advantages in the invaded range. Local adaptation may occur along a stress tolerance trade-off, favoring individuals that, in benign conditions, shift resource allocation from stress tolerance to increased vigor and fecundity and, therefore, invasiveness. Alternately, the typically disturbed invaded range may select for a plastic, generalist strategy, making phenotypic plasticity the main driver of invasion success. To distinguish between these hypotheses, we performed a field common garden and tested for genetically based phenotypic differentiation, resource allocation shifts in response to water limitation, and local adaptation to the environmental gradient which describes the source locations for native and invasive populations of diffuse knapweed (Centaurea diffusa). Plants were grown in an experimental field in France (naturalized range) under water addition and limitation conditions. After accounting for phenotypic variation arising from environmental differences among collection locations, we found evidence of genetic variation between the invasive and native populations for most morphological and life-history traits under study. Invasive C. diffusa populations produced larger, later maturing, and therefore potentially fitter individuals than native populations. Evidence for local adaptation along a resource allocation trade-off for water limitation tolerance is equivocal. However, native populations do show evidence of local adaptation to an environmental gradient, a relationship which is typically not observed in the invaded range. Broader analysis of the climatic niche inhabited by the species in both ranges suggests that the

  10. Simultaneous determination of quercetin, rutin and kaempferol in the leaf extracts of Moringa oleifera Lam.and Raphinus sativus Linn.by liquid chromatographytandem mass spectrometry%液相色谱-串联质谱法测定辣木及萝卜叶的提取物中所含的槲皮素、芦丁及山柰酚

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Venkatapura C. Devaraj; Burdipad G. Krishna; Gollapalle L. Viswanatha

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To develop a rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method to analyze quercetin (QU),rutin (RU) and kaempferol (KA) simultaneously in the leaf extracts of Moringa oleifera Lam.and Raphinus sativus Linn.Methods:Samples were prepared by extracting the leaves of the M.oleifera and R.sativus by cold-maceration technique using 90% ethanol.Chromatographic separation was operated with a mixture of 0.2% formic acid in water and acetonitrile at a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min on a Phenomenex Gemini C18 column with a total run time of 5.01 min.Results:The MS/MS ion transitions monitored were 303.03 to 153.1 for QU,611.1 to 303.1 for RU,287.1 to 153.2 for KA and 180.1 to 110.1 for internal standard.The lower limit of quantitation achieved for QU,RU and KA was 5 ng/mL and the linearity was observed from 5 to 2 000 ng/mL.The correlation coefficients of linear regression analysis were 0.994 6,0.9951 and 0.9969 for QU,RU and KA,respectively.Conclusion:The results indicate that the LC-MS/MS method is fast and sensitive and may provide excellent specificity for simultaneous determination of QU,RU and KA in leaf extracts of M.oleifera and R.sativus.%目的:通过一种快速、敏感的液相色谱-串联质谱法测定辣木(Moringa olei fera Lam.)及萝卜(Raphinus sativus Linn.)叶的提取物中所含的槲皮素、芦丁及山柰酚.方法:使用冷浸法(90%乙醇)对辣木及萝卜叶进行提取.提取物与0.2%甲酸和氰化甲烷混合后以0.4 mL/min的速度通过Phenomenex Gemini C18色谱层析柱,通过时间为5.01 min.结果:串联质谱法测定的离子转换分别为槲皮素303.03~153.1,芦丁611.1~303.1,山柰酚287.1~153.2,内参180.1~110.1.对槲皮素、芦丁及山柰酚定量测量的最低浓度为5 ng/mL,线性分布为5~2000 ng/mL.槲皮素、芦丁及山柰酚的线性回归系数分别为0.994 6、0.995 1及0.996 9.结论:本研究的结果证明了液相色谱-串联质谱法具有快速

  11. Componentes morfológicos e produção de forragem de pastagem de aveia e azevém manejada em diferentes alturas Morphological components and forage production of oat (Avena strigosa, Schreb and annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum, Lam pasture managed at different heights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Antonio Queirolo Aguinaga

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a dinâmica de produção de forragem em pastagem de aveia-preta (Avena strigosa Schreb e azevém (Lolium multiflorum Lam manejada em diversas alturas de manejo com o objetivo de evidenciar as potencialidades dessa mistura em sistemas de integração lavoura-pecuária. Os tratamentos consistiram de quatro alturas de manejo da pastagem (10; 20; 30 e 40 cm, medidas com bastão graduado e avaliadas em blocos casualizados com três repetições. O método de pastejo foi contínuo, com taxa de lotação variável. Utilizaram-se bezerros de corte mestiços com 10 meses de idade e peso médio inicial de 210 kg, respectivamente. As características da pastagem estudadas foram: massa de forragem (MF; taxa de acúmulo de forragem (TAC; produção total de forragem (PTMS; e quantificação dos componentes morfológicos da pastagem (colmo, lâmina e material morto. A massa de forragem aumentou de forma linear de acordo com a altura do pasto, uma vez que, para cada cm de aumento na altura superior a 10 cm, a matéria seca aumentou aproximadamente 90 kg/ha. Não houve efeito das alturas da pastagem sobre a TAC ou sobre a PTMS, cujos valores médios foram de 66,8 kg/ha/dia de MS e 10.721 kg/ha de MS, respectivamente. A porcentagem de folhas de azevém foi maior que a de folhas de aveia nos três períodos de avaliação e, na altura de 10 cm, foi superior à obtida nas demais alturas na última avaliação (em torno de 20% da participação total da massa de forragem. A aveia apresenta rápido desenvolvimento inicial e diminuição na produção nos períodos posteriores de desenvolvimento.Forage growth dynamic in an Oat (Avena strigosa, Schreb + Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum, Lam pasture managed at different grazing heights was evaluated in order to access the mixed-sward potential in a crop-livestock integrated system. Treatments were four sward grazing heights (10, 20, 30, and 40 cm, measured with a sward-stick. The experimental design was a

  12. Inhibitory effects of Hedyotis diffusa Willd. on colorectal cancer stem cells

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Guodong; Wei, Lihui; FENG, JIANYU; LIN, JIUMAO; Peng, Jun

    2016-01-01

    Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are proposed to be closely correlated with the development and progression of tumors, as well as with chemo- and radioresistance. Targeting CSCs may therefore be a promising potential strategy for the treatment of cancer. Currently, natural products have received great interest due to their therapeutic efficacy and reduced adverse effects compared with modern chemotherapeutics. As a significant component of a number of traditional Chinese medicine formulas, the medici...

  13. Cultura dell’accoglienza e ospitalità diffusa. Conversazione con Giancarlo Dall'Ara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Mantovani

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The conversation highlights the features of a new and original Italian model of hospitality: the Albergo Diffuso (Widespread Hotel. Giancarlo Dall'Ara, professor of Tourism Marketing and founder of the National Association of Widespread Hotels, illustrates this new “reception culture”, grounded on some basic assumptions: no new buildings, integration with place identity, genuine experience, presence of a hosting community living in the place, preserved environment.

  14. Response and Bioaccumulation Potential of Boerhavia diffusa L. Towards Different Heavy Metals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdussalam A.K.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Effect of different concentrations of heavy metals such as Cadmium, Chromium, Mercury and Leadwas studied by cultivating rooted propagules of Boerhavia diffusafor a period of twenty days in Hoagland nutrient medium artificially contaminated with known concentration of those heavy metal ions. Concentrations of the metals selected to impart visible symptoms of growth retardation and to permit survival for prolonged period are 30µM cadmium chloride (CdCl2, 400 µM potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7, 10 µM mercuric chloride (HgCl2, and 600 µM lead acetate (CH3-COO2Pb. More or less uniform growth performance was shown by the plants irrespective of the differences of concentration of the heavy metals. However, parameters such as root - and stem length, stomatal - and tolerance index varied among the treatments. Significant differences were observed in the heavy metal accumulation potential among metals and between plant parts such as root, stem and leaf and the pattern was dependent on growth period.

  15. Den diffusa positionen. Analys och diskussion av perspektiv på musikens och konstens ontologi

    OpenAIRE

    Holmberg, Kristina

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT. - The fuzzy position – Analysis and discussion of perspectives of ontology in music and art. - For many reasons, different perspectives on music and the arts are of great importance to the field of music education. For example essential both to aesthetical education research, and to music and art teachers everyday work, because it can improve teaching and learning qualities and contribute to knowledge in society at large. The aim is to discuss various actors’ constructions of music ...

  16. Toplumsal Cinsiyet Bağlamında Türkiye’de Kadınların Bestecilik Eğitimine Erişimi ve Bestecilik Kariyeri Women’s Access to Composition Education and Career of Composition in Turkey in the Context in Gender

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeynep Gülçin ÖZKİŞİ

    2012-09-01

    ının sosyal, kültürel ve ekonomik birçok nedeni mevcuttur. Bu nedenler arasında, 20. yüzyılın ilk yarısına dek kadınlara atfedilen müzikal yaratıcılık yetersizliği miti ve kadınların bestecilik eğitimine erişimlerinin kısıtlanmış olması yer almaktadır. Eğitim ve mesleki yönlendirmelerde, toplumsal cinsiyet ve cinsiyete dayalı fırsat eşitsizliği azalarak da olsa günümüzde de sürmektedir. Çalışmada, kadınların bestecilik eğitimine erişim durumları ile toplumsal cinsiyet ve cinsiyet rollerinin kariyer seçimine bestecilik özelindeki etkisi; Türkiye’de, Avrupa Akademik Müziği alanında genel müzik ve bestecilik lisans devresi öğrenimi veren kurumlardaki öğrencilerin profili, toplumsal cinsiyet bağlamında incelendi. Araştırmanın verileri, ilgili müzik öğretim kurumlarından edinilen, bu kurumlardan mezun olan kız ve erkek öğrencilerin listeleri temel alınarak toplandı. Söz konusu öğretim kurumlarından toplanan veriler, kız ve erkek öğrenci sayılarının birbirlerine oranları bakımından karşılaştırıldı. Bestecilik öğrenimine başlama yaşının ve üniversitelerin bestecilik öğretimi veren birimlerindeki öğretim elemanlarının cinsiyet bağlamındaki profili ise, lisans devresinde bestecilik öğrenimi görmüş olan 1960-1977 doğumlu kadın ve erkek besteciler özelinde ele alındı.

  17. Antioxidant properties of Plumbago auriculata Lam / Bongai Manyakara

    OpenAIRE

    Manyakara, Bongai

    2009-01-01

    Parkinson's disease, a disease first described by James Parkinson two centuries ago is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases. The prominent feature of this disease is the selective degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain resulting in a decrease in dopamine levels in the brain. The substantia nigra appears to be an area of the brain that is highly susceptible to oxidative stress. Supplementation with antioxidants may protect the neurons from the...

  18. Secondary radiance etalon source based on halogen lam with diffuser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikheenko L. А.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The authors propose to use the radiators based on halogen lamps and milky diffusers, widespread in Ukraine, for brightness calibration of photometric precision instruments with multi-element radiation detectors. It is shown that the parameters of the luminance field formed in such a transducer, far exceed the parameters of strip lamps and similar sources of radiation. A mathematical apparatus is proposed and an engineering calculation method for the developed radiator using the set parameters is offered. The article also provides recommendations on the choice of the basic elements of the radiator for specific measurement tasks. High stability of the radiator and high accuracy of its calibration using domestic luminance meter TES 0693 are demonstrated experimentally.

  19. Reprodukce u samců lam a velbloudů

    OpenAIRE

    Zelenková, Anežka

    2013-01-01

    In my thesis I concentrated on facts concerning the reproduction of Camelids.  I started with anatomy which is not much different from other ruminants, apart the absence of seminiferous vesicles and size of individual organs. The only interesting fact is the strange form of phallus which is firmly connected with the prepuce after birth. At the age of three the connection loosens and a kind of a "hook" becomes visible, which makes it easier for the phallus to penetrate the cervix. There are no...

  20. In Vitro Shoot Regeneration of Corchorus acutangulus Lam. (Tiliaceae.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Padmavathy

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The herb, Corchorus acutangulus is an important medicinal plant belongs to the family Tiliaceae. The present study describes the efficient in vitro regeneration protocol standardized for this species through leaf explant. The leaf explants were cultured on Murashige & Skoog (MS medium supplemented with 2,4-D (1.5 mgl-1 and NAA (0.2 mgl-1 for efficient callus induction (84.43%. Multiple shoots (83% were developed in the MS medium fortified with IBA (2.0 mgl-1 and TDZ (0.2 mgl-1. Better rooting response (74% was observed on half strength MS medium containing IBA (2.0 mgl-1 and Kn (0.2 mgl-1. Regenerated plantlets were successfully acclimatized and hardened off inside the culture room and then transferred to green house with 81% survival rate.