Sample records for cementoma

  1. Benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma in a cat

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    Lenin A Villamizar-Martinez


    Full Text Available Case summary A 10-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat was presented for assessment of a gingival mass surrounding the left maxillary third and fourth premolar teeth. The mass was surgically removed by means of a marginal rim excision, and the tissue was submitted for histological assessment. It was identified as a benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma. There was proliferation of mineralized eosinophilic material with multiple irregularly placed lacunae and reversal lines, reminiscent of cementum. The cat recovered uneventfully from the anesthesia, and there was no evidence of tumor recurrence 6 months after surgery. Relevance and novel information Cementoblastomas (true cementomas in domestic animals are rare, with just a few reports in ruminants, monogastric herbivores and rodents. Cementoblastoma is considered a benign tumor that arises from the tooth root. The slow, expansive and constant growth that characterizes these masses may be accompanied by signs of oral discomfort and dysphagia. This case report is intended to increase knowledge regarding this tumor in cats and also highlights the importance of complete excision of the neoplasm. To our knowledge, there are no previous reports in the literature of cementoblastoma in the cat.

  2. Cementoma of the fibula: imaging findings with histopathologic correlation and review of the literature

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    Mellado, J.M.; Camins, A.; Sauri, A. [Hospital Universitari de Tarragona Joan XXIII, Institut de Diagnostic per la Imatge, Tarragona (Spain); Mayayo, E. [Hospital Universitari de Tarragona Joan XXIII, Servei de Anatomia Patologica, Tarragona (Spain); Fernandez, F. [Hospital Universitario Marques de Valdecilla, Servicio de Anatomia Patologica, Santander (Spain); Perez del Palomar, L. [Pius Hospital de Valls, Servei de Radiologia, Tarragona (Spain)


    Bone tumors containing fibrous tissue and cementum-like spherules are typically found in the maxilla and mandible. However, such lesions are extremely infrequent in the long bones. We report the complete radiologic assessment of a cementoma of the fibula in a 42-year-old man. We also correlate the findings with data provided by histopathologic analysis, and review the English-language literature on tumors of long bones that may contain cementum-like material. (orig.)

  3. 牙颌面锥形束CT与曲面体层X线检查对颌骨牙骨质瘤样病变诊断价值的比较研究%Comparative Studies of Diagnostic Evaluation of the Maxillary and Mandibular Cementoma Using Cone Beam Computer ized Tomography Compared with Panoramic Radiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙卫平; 谭跃展; 翦新春; 钟锐


    Objective: To assess the osseous lesions of the maxillary and mandibular cementoma by dental cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) and to compare it with panoramic radiography. Methods: Three patients with the maxillary and mandibular cementoma had undergone panoramic radiographic and dental come beam computerized tomographic examinations. The results were compared and the accuracy with CBCT and panoramic radiography was assessed. Results; Panoramic radiography showed sizes and scopes of the lesions in the maxilla and mandible. Cone beam computerized tomography reproduced multiple images including axial. coronal and sagittal planes of the lesions. Cone beam computerized tomography also provided a complete radiographic investigation of the cementoma in the maxilla and mandible. Conclusion: Cone beam computerized tomography is one of the best choices of imaging diagnosis of cementoma in the maxilla and mandible.%目的:比较牙颌面专用CBCT与曲面体层对颌骨牙骨质瘤的诊断价值.方法:对3例发生于上下颌骨中的牙骨质瘤患者,分别选用曲面体层和CBCT检查,并将检查结果进行比较分析,判断相互之间的一致性和差异性.结果:3例上下颌骨内牙骨质瘤病变,在曲面体层上均有显示,但CBCT检查可以在矢状位、冠状位和横断面上以多个层面准确地反映病变的位置及骨质破坏的情况.结论:CBCT在对上下颌骨牙骨质瘤的诊断较曲面体层更为有价值.

  4. Radiological and histopathological study of benign tumors of the mandible

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    Yoo, Seon Young; Baek, Seung Yon; Choi, Kyung Hee; Suh, Jeung Soo; Rhee, Chung Sik; Kim, Hee Seup [Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)


    Benign tumors of the mandible are uncommon lesions. That were classified into odontogenic tumors and nonodontogenic tumors. Author reviewed the radiological evaluation and pathological microscopic finding from 33 benign tumors of the mandible that were confirmed by the biopsy during last 10 years in Dental Clinics, Ewha Womans University Hospital and Seoul National University Dental Hospital. Following results were obtained; 1. Benign tumors of the mandible were classified into odontogenic (66.7%) and non-odontogenic tumors (33.3%). 2. The range of the age distribution was between 6 years and 67 years old. The commonest age group was the second decade (39.4%). 3. There was no difference to sex distribution. 4. The most frequent location was the body of the mandible (42.4%). 5. Radiographic findings were relatively characteristic in odontogenic tumors rather than non-odontogenic tumors. 1) Radiolucent cystic lesions-ameloblastoma, odontogenic myxoma, odontogenic fibtoma, aneurysmal bone cyst and neurofibroma. 2) Radiopaque mass lesions-odontoma, cementoma and osteoma. 3) Mixed patterns-ossifying fibroma, cementifying fibroma, calcifying odontogenic epithelial tumor and hemangioma. It was concluded that the radiographic examination was of value to diagnose the benign tumors of the mandible in symptomless patients.

  5. Cementum attachment protein manifestation is restricted to the mineralized tissue forming cells of the periodontium

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    Bar-Kana, I.; Pitaru, S. [Tel Aviv Univ., Dept. of Oral Biology, Goldschleger School of dental Medicine (Israel); Savion, N. [Tel Aviv Univ., Goldschleger Eye Research Inst. (Israel); Narayanan, A.S. [Univ. of Washington, Dept. of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine (United States)


    The mechanisms that regulate cementogenesis are mainly unknown. A specific cementum attachment protein (CAP) has been recently partially characterized and found to be more efficient in supporting the attachment of alveolar bone cells (ABC) and periodontal ligament cells (PLC) than that of gingival fibroblasts (GF). The purpose of this study was to determine the capacity of human periodontal-derived cells to bind an express CAP and to relate these properties to their capacity to express alkaline phosphatase (AlP) and form mineralized tissue (MTF). ABC, PLC and GF were tested. Human stromal bone marrow cells (SBMC) and a cementoma-derived cell line (CC) served as controls. CAP binding was determined using {sup 125}I-CAP. The amount of MTF was assessed by alizarin red staining and image analysis determination of the amount of red-stained material. AlP and CAP expression were examined by histochemistry and immuno-chemistry, respectively. The highest expression of CAP was observed in CC, followed by PLC and ABC in decreasing order, whereas SBMC and GF did not express CAP, SBMC manifested the highest CAP binding capacity followed by CC, ABC, PLC and GF. MTF and AlP manifestation were greatest in SBMC, followed by ABC, PLC and CC. Collectively, the results indicate that CAP binding and secretion are not linked and that CAP manifestation is restricted to periodontal derived cell lineages with the potential of forming mineralized tissues. (au) 39 refs.

  6. Three novel ANO5 missense mutations in Caucasian and Chinese families and sporadic cases with gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (United States)

    Jin, Lingling; Liu, Yi; Sun, Fanyue; Collins, Michael T.; Blackwell, Keith; Woo, Albert S.; Reichenberger, Ernst J.; Hu, Ying


    Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (GDD; MIM#166260) is an autosomal dominant syndrome with characteristic cemento-osseous lesions of jawbones, bone fragility, and diaphyseal sclerosis of tubular bones. To date, only five mutations in the proposed calcium-activated chloride channel ANO5/TMEM16E gene have been identified. In this study, we describe two families and two singular patients with three new mutations. One Caucasian family with seven affected members exhibited frequent bone fractures and florid osseous dysplasia (p.Cys356Tyr), while one Chinese family with two affected members suffered from cementoma and purulent osteomyelitis (p.Cys360Tyr). In addition, two different novel mutations (p.Gly518Glu and p.Arg215Gly) were identified in sporadic patients without family history. In vitro studies overexpressing GDD mutations (p.Cys356Tyr and p.Cys360Tyr) showed significantly reduced ANO5 protein. It appears that all GDD mutations known so far locate in an extracellular domain following the first transmembrane domain or in the 4th putative transmembrane domain. Both wild-type and mutant ANO5 protein localize to the endoplasmic reticulum. After Ano5 gene knock-down with shRNA in MC3T3-E1 osteoblast precursors we saw elevated expression of osteoblast-related genes such as Col1a1, osteocalcin, osterix and Runx2 as well as increased mineral nodule formation in differentiating cells. Our data suggest that ANO5 plays a role in osteoblast differentiation. PMID:28176803