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Sample records for cell line a549

  1. Empirical studies about quercetin increasing chemosensitivity on human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xuejun Zhan; Runxiang Zhang; Yanping Xu; Shuhua Yang; Daze Xie; Liwei Tan

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The present study was designed to investigate whether quercetin exerts increasing chemosensitivity on human lung adenocarcinoma cells when quercetin combined with cisplatin (DDP) and vincristine (VCR) in vitro respectively and its possible antitumor mechanism. To provide experimental proof for clinical combination application. Methods: Using intermittent administration of high dose VCR, human lung adenocarcinoma sensitive cell line (A549/S) was induced to VCR-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549/VCR). MTT assay was adapted for examing the 50% inhibition (IC50) value of DDP and VCR on A549/S and A549/VCR when quercetin combined with DDP and VCR respectively. Results: IC50 of DDP on A549/S and A549/VCR was 10.18 and 12.35 mg/L, and the IC50 of VCR on the two cell lines was 1.21 and 12.77 mg/L, respectively. The resistance fold of A549/VCR on VCR and DDP was 10.55 and 1.21, respectively. When quercetin at concentration of 50, 100 and 200 μmol/L in combination with DDP and VCR respectively, the IC50 of DDP and VCR on A549/S and A549/VCR were obvious decreased (P < 0.05 – P < 0.01). Conclusion: The experiment results suggested that quercetin could increase the chemosensitivity and partly revise the resistance of A549/VCR.

  2. Klotho inhibits growth and promotes apoptosis in human lung cancer cell line A549

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    Zhao Weihong

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Klotho, as a new anti-aging gene, can shed into circulation and act as a multi-functional humoral factor that influences multiple biological processes. Recently, published studies suggest that klotho can also serve as a potential tumor suppressor. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of action of klotho in human lung cancer cell line A549. Methods In this study, plasmids encoding klotho or klotho specific shRNAs were constructed to overexpress or knockdown klotho in vitro. A549 cells were respectively treated with pCMV6-MYC-KL or klotho specific shRNAs. The MTT assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of klotho and flow cytometry was utilized to observe and detect the apoptosis of A549 cells induced by klotho. The activation of IGF-1/insulin signal pathways in A549 cells treated by pCMV6-MYC-KL or shRNAs were evaluated by western blotting. The expression levels of bcl-2 and bax transcripts were evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR. Results Overexpression of klotho reduced the proliferation of lung cancer A549 cells, whereas klotho silencing in A549 cells enhanced proliferation. Klotho did not show any effects on HEK-293 cells. Klotho overexpression in A549 cells was associated with reduced IGF-1/insulin-induced phosphorylation of IGF-1R (IGF-1 receptor/IR (insulin receptor (P P P P P Conclusions Klotho can inhibit proliferation and increase apoptosis of A549 cells, this may be partly due to the inhibition of IGF-1/insulin pathways and involving regulating the expression of the apoptosis-related genes bax/bcl-2. Thus, klotho can serve as a potential tumor suppressor in A549 cells.

  3. Trichomonas vaginalis induces cytopathic effect on human lung alveolar basal carcinoma epithelial cell line A549.

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    Salvador-Membreve, Daile Meek C; Jacinto, Sonia D; Rivera, Windell L

    2014-12-01

    Trichomonas vaginalis, the causative agent of trichomoniasis is generally known to inhabit the genitourinary tract. However, several case reports with supporting molecular and immunological identifications have documented its occurrence in the respiratory tract of neonates and adults. In addition, the reports have documented that its occurrence is associated with respiratory failures. The medical significance or consequence of this association is unclear. Thus, to establish the possible outcome from the interaction of T. vaginalis with lung cells, the cytopathic effects of the parasites were evaluated using monolayer cultures of the human lung alveolar basal carcinoma epithelial cell line A549. The possible effect of association of T. vaginalis with A549 epithelial cells was analyzed using phase-contrast, scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy. MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide), crystal-violet and TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling) assays were conducted for cytotoxicity testing. The results demonstrate that T. vaginalis: (1) adheres to A549 epithelial cells, suggesting a density-dependent parasite-cell association; (2) adherence on A549 is through flagella, membrane and axostyle; (3) causes cell detachment and cytotoxicity (50-72.4%) to A549 and this effect is a function of parasite density; and (4) induces apoptosis in A549 about 20% after 6 h of incubation. These observations indicate that T. vaginalis causes cytopathic effects on A549 cell. To date, this is the first report showing a possible interaction of T. vaginalis with the lung cells using A549 monolayer cultures. Further studies are recommended to completely elucidate this association.

  4. MicroRNA-126 inhibits the proliferation of lung cancer cell line A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xun Yang; Bei-Bei Chen; Ming-Hua Zhang; Xin-Rong Wang

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To study the role of microRNA-126 in the development of lung cancer.Methods:The biological function of microRNA-126 was detected using EdU assay and CCK-8 assay;the target gene of microRNA-126 was analyzed using real time RT-PCR and Western blot assay.Results: In A549 cell line, overexpression of microRNA-126 inhibits the proliferation rate; VEGF is the target gene of microRNA-126; microRNA-126 exerts its function via regulating VEGF protein level.Conclusions: microRNA-126 inhibits the proliferation in A549 cell line.

  5. Effects of EPO Gene on Growth and Apoptosis of Lung Adenocarcinoma Cell Line A549

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    Jianqing WU

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Published data on the association between erythropoietin (EPO and cancer cell are inconclusive. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of erythropoietin (EPO on the growth and survival of lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549. Methods The recombinant plasmid pcDNA3.1(--hEPO was constructed and transfected into A549 cells by liposome protoco1. The Levels of EPO in culture supernatant were detected by ELISA. Effects of EPO gene on growth and survival of the transfected cells were evaluated by MTT assay and flow cytometry (FCM . Levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF were also evaluated by ELISA. Results The recombinant eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.1(--hEPO was successfully constructed. The growth of cells in hEPO transfected cells was significantly inhibited after transfection (P < 0.01. More cells were blocked in S phase in hEPO transfected group compared with control group (P < 0.05, and the apoptotic rate were also significantly higher than those of their controls (P < 0.01. Levels of VEGF in hEPO transfected cells were significantly lower than controls (P < 0.01. Conclusion Exogenous EPO gene expression in A549 cells can induce cell growth inhibition and apoptosis of A549 cells, and expression of VEGF can also be inhibited.

  6. Enhanced Replication of Hepatitis E Virus Strain 47832c in an A549-Derived Subclonal Cell Line

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    Schemmerer, Mathias; Apelt, Silke; Trojnar, Eva; Ulrich, Rainer G.; Wenzel, Jürgen J.; Johne, Reimar

    2016-01-01

    Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a human pathogen with increasing importance. The lack of efficient cell culture systems hampers systematic studies on its replication cycle, virus neutralization and inactivation. Here, several cell lines were inoculated with the HEV genotype 3c strain 47832c, previously isolated from a chronically infected transplant patient. At 14 days after inoculation the highest HEV genome copy numbers were found in A549 cells, followed by PLC/PRF/5 cells, whereas HepG2/C3A, Huh-7 Lunet BLR and MRC-5 cells only weakly supported virus replication. Inoculation of A549-derived subclone cell lines resulted in most cases in reduced HEV replication. However, the subclone A549/D3 was susceptible to lower virus concentrations and resulted in higher virus yields as compared to parental A549 cells. Transcriptome analysis indicated a downregulation of genes for carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecules (CEACAM) 5 and 6, and an upregulation of the syndecan 2 (SDC2) gene in A549/D3 cells compared to A549 cells. However, treatment of A549/D3 cells or A549 cells with CEACAM- or syndecan 2-specific antisera did not influence HEV replication. The results show that cells supporting more efficient HEV replication can be selected from the A549 cell line. The specific mechanisms responsible for the enhanced replication remain unknown. PMID:27690085

  7. The difference between multi-drug resistant cell line A549/Gem and its parental cell A549%多药耐药细胞株A549/Gem及其亲代细胞A549之间的区别研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weixia Wang; Xiaoqing Liu; Chuanhao Tang

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To discuss the difference between multi-drug resistant cell line A549/Gem and its parental cell A549 on the basis of establishment of human gemcitabine-resistant cell line A549/Gem so as to elaborate the possible mechanisms of gemcitabine resistance. Methods: Human gemcitabine-resistant non-small cell lung cancer cell line A549/Gem was estab-lished by the method of repeated clinical serous peak concentration plus gradually increasing concentration of gemcitabine from its parental cell human lung adenocaroinoma cell line A549 which was sensitive to gemcitabine. During the course of inducement, we had monitored their morphology, checked their resistance indexes and resistant pedigree by MTT method, gathered their growth curves and calculated their doubling time, examined their DNA contents and cell cycles by FCM; at the same time, we had measured their expressions of P53, EGFR, Cerb-B-2, PTEN, PCNA, c-myc, VEGF, MDR-1, Bcl-2, nm23, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and CD44v6 proteins via immunocytochemistry staining, RRM1 and ERCC1 mRNA by real-time fluorescent quantitative-PCR. Results: The resistance index of A549/Gem' cells (the deputy of cells in the process of inducement) to gemcitabine was 163.228, and the cell line also exhibited cross-resistance to vinorelbine, taxotere, fluorouraci, etoposide and cisplatin, but kept sensitivity to paclitaxol and oxaliplatin. The doubling time of A549/Gem' was shorter and figures in G0-G1 phases were increased than A549 cells. Compared with A549 cells, A549/Gem' cells achieved EGFR and c-myc proteins expressions, nm23 protein expression enhanced, P53, Cerb-B-2 and Bcl-2 proteins expressions reduced, PTEN ,PCNA and MDR-1 proteins expressions vanished, but those of MMP-9, VEGF, CD44v6 and TIMP-1 proteins changed trivially. Meanwhile, expressions of RRM1 and ERCC1 mRNA were augmented markedly. The resistance index of A549/Gem cells to gemcitabine was 129.783, and the cell line also held cross-resistance to vinorelbine, taxotere

  8. EXPRESSION DIFFERENCES OF VASCULAR GROWTH FACTORS IN HUMAN LUNG ADENOCARCINOMA CELL LINE A549 AND CISPLATIN-RESISTANT HUMAN LUNG ADENOCARCINOMA CELL LINE ADDP549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李西平; 王曾礼; 刘叙仪; 王洁; 蒋薇; 张毅; 刘元林

    2003-01-01

    Objective To elucidate the expression differences of vascular growth factors in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 and cisplatin resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cell line ADDP549.MethodsRT PCR and immunohistochemistry was used to detect the Mrna and protein expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (Bfgf) in A549 and ADDP549.ResultsVEGF and Bfgf Mrna were expressed in A549 and in ADDP549. VEGF and Bfgf Mrna expression levels in ADDP549 were significant higher than those in A549 (P<0.025). VEGF and Bfgf protein expressions were all strong positive in A549 and ADDP549.ConclusionThere are certain differences between VEGF and Bfgf expressions in A549 and ADDP549. Drug resistance of lung cancer is associated with those above genes over expressions. Over expression of vascular growth factors are related to drug resistance of lung cancer.

  9. ANTICANCER ACTIVITY OF OSCILLATORIA TEREBRIFORMIS CYANOBACTERIA IN HUMAN LUNG CANCER CELL LINE A549

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    S.Mukund

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the anti-cancer properties of the cyanobacterial extract of Oscillatoria terebriformis Methods: The extract was tested in Human lung cancer cell lines and examined for its effect on cell viability, nuclear morphology and sub-G1 formation. Cell viability was determined by micro culture tetrazolium technique (MTT, nuclear morphology investigated using 4’-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI staining technique, and apoptosis assay using DNA fragmentation. Results: The results showed decreasing cell viability in a concentration-dependent manner. Altered cell morphology after treatment with the extract demonstrated that cells experienced apoptosis. Conclusion: The data demonstrate that Oscillatoria Terebriformis extract induced apoptosis in Human lung cancer A549 cells, and therefore, has a potential as an anti-cancer agent.

  10. Biological Functions of ALDH1-positive Cancer Cells in the A549 Lung Cancer Cell Line%肺癌A549细胞株中ALDH1+细胞的生物学功能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹爱梅; 吴爱兵; 黄维甄; 张金标; 谢剑明; 李荣; 罗荣城

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨肺癌A549细胞株中具有肿瘤干细胞特性的ALDH1+细胞的生物学功能特性.方法:运用流式细胞仪分选肺癌A549细胞株中ALDH1+细胞,并通过肿瘤球培养、MTT实验、平板克隆、Transwell小室迁移实验、裸鼠体内成瘤实验来验证ALDH1+细胞的自我更新、增殖克隆、迁移及致瘤能力.结果:ALDH1+ A549细胞的肿瘤球形成能力、增殖克隆、迁移和体内成瘤能力明显高于ALDH1- A549细胞和未经分选的A549细胞.结论:A549细胞株中ALDH1+ A549细胞具有自我更新、增殖、迁移和高致瘤能力的肿瘤干细胞特性,ALDH1可作为分选肺癌肿瘤干细胞的标志物.%Objective: To investigate the biological functions of the ALDH1-positive cancer cells exhibiting the characteristics of a cancer stem cell in the A549 lung cancer cell line.Methods: Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis was used to differentiate between the ALDH1-positive and ALDH1-negative cancer cells in an A549 lung cancer cell line.Tumor sphere cultivation, MTT, clonogenicity, and in vitro transwell assays as well as tumor initiation in vivo were used to compare the self-renewing, proliferative, clonogenic, and invasive abilities as well as the tumorigenicity between the ALDH1-positive, ALDH1-negative, and unsorted A549 cells.Results: The self-renewing, proliferative, clonogenic, and invasive abilities as well as the tumorigenicity of the ALDH1-positive cancer cells in the A549 lung cancer cell line were higher than those of the ALDH1-negative and unsorted A549 cells.Conclusion: The ALDH1-positive cancer cells in the A549 lung cancer cell line possess the characteristics of cancer stem cells and may be used as NSCLCSC-associated tumor markers.

  11. Anti-tumor activity of CrTX in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549

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    Bin YE; Yan XIE; Zheng-hong QIN; Jun-chao WU; Rong HAN; Jing-kang HE

    2011-01-01

    Aim:To assess the cytotoxic effect of crotoxin (CrTX),a potent neurotoxin extracted from the venom of the pit viper Crotalus durissus terrificus,in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and investigated the underlying mechanisms.Methods:A549 cells were treated with gradient concentrations of CrTX,and the cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed using a flow cytometric assay.The changes of cellular effectors p53,caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-3,total P38MAPK and pP38MAPK were investigated using Western blot assays.A549 xenograft model was used to examine the inhibition of CrTX on tumor growth in vivo.Results:Treatment of A549 cells with CrTX (25-200 μg/mL) for 48 h significantly inhibited the cell growth in a dose-dependent manner (IC50=78 μg/mL).Treatment with CrTX (25 iJg/mL) for 24 h caused G1 arrest and induced cell apoptosis.CrTX (25 μg/mL) significantly increased the expression of wt p53,cleaved caspase-3 and phospho-P38MAPK.Pretreatment with the specific P38MAPK inhibitor SB203580 (5 μmol/L) significantly reduced CrTX-induced apoptosis and cleaved caspase-3 level,but G1 arrest remained unchanged and highly expressed p53 sustained.Intraperitoneal injection of CrTX (10 μg/kg,twice a week for 4 weeks) significantly inhibited A549 tumor xenograft growth,and decreased MVD and VEGF levels.Conclusion:CrTX produced significant anti-tumor effects by inducing cell apoptosis probably due to activation of P38MAPK and caspase-3,and by cell cycle arrest mediated by increased wt p53 expression.In addition,CrTX displayed anti-angiogenic effects in vivo.

  12. In vitro photodynamic effect by phthalocyanine in A549 cell line

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    Nevrelova, Pavla; Kolarova, Hana; Bajgar, Robert; Strnad, Miroslav

    2007-03-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) utilizes a combination of sensitizer, visible light and molecular oxygen to generate singlet oxygen and reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radical and superoxid anion. Photochemical reactions lead to damage and destruction of cancer cells. The most suitable and effective source of radiation used in PDT is a laser. For this study, a semiconductor laser with output power of 50 mW and 675 nm was selected. In this paper we report a generation of ROS using chloroaluminium disulphonated phthalocyanine (ClAlPcS II) in A549 bronchogenic carcinoma cell line after PDT in vitro. Phthalocyanines, belonging to a new generation of substances for PDT, exhibit effective tissue penetration because of their proper light absorption region, chemical stability and photodynamic stability. The fluorescence measurement with molecular probes, CM-H IIDCFDA and Amplex Red, was performed for detection of ROS generation and hydrogen peroxide release from cells. Our results demonstrated, that irradiation of cells by laser dose of 10 J.cm -2 induces higher rates of fluorescence in cells loaded with phthalocyanine compared to 20 J.cm -2. Furthermore, the production of ROS increases up to sensitizer concentration of 10 μM. The highest ROS generation was observed at laser dose of 10 J.cm -2 and 10 μM ClAlPcS II. The rates of fluorescence for hydrogen peroxid measurements were almost identical with all chosen concentrations at laser doses of 10 and 20 J.cm -2.

  13. Down-regulated βIII-tubulin Expression Can Reverse Paclitaxel Resistance in A549/Taxol Cells Lines

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    Yinling ZHUO

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Chemotherapy drug resistance is the primary causes of death in patients with pulmonary carcinoma which make tumor recurrence or metastasis. β-tubulin is the main cell targets of anti-microtubule drug. Increased expression of βIII-tubulin has been implicated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC cell lines. To explore the relationship among the expression level of βIII-tubulin and the sensitivity of A549/Taxolcell lines to Taxol and cell cycles and cell apoptosis by RNA interference-mediated inhibition of βIII-tubulin in A549/Taxol cells. Methods Three pairs of siRNA targetd βIII-tubulin were designed and prepared, which were transfected into A549/Taxol cells using LipofectamineTM 2000. We detected the expression of βIII-tubulin mRNA using Real-time fluorescence qRT-PCR. Tedhen we selected the most efficient siRNA by the expression of βIII-tubulin mRNA in transfected group. βIII-tubulin protein level were mesured by Western blot. The taxol sensitivity in transfected group were evaluated by MTT assay. And the cell apoptosis and cell cycles were determined by flow cytometry. Results βIII-tubulin mRNA levels in A549/Taxol cells were significantly decreased in transfected grop by Real-time qRT-PCR than control groups. And βIII-tubulin siRNA-1 sequence showed the highest transfection efficiency, which was (87.73±4.87% (P<0.01; Western blot results showed that the expressional level of BIII tublin protein was significantly down-reulated in the transfectant cells than thant in the control cells. By MTT assay, we showed that the inhibition ratio of Taxol to A549/Taxol cells transfeced was higher than that of control group (51.77±4.60% (P<0.01. The early apoptosis rate of A549/Taxol cells in transfected group were significantly higher than that of control group (P<0.01; G2-M content in taxol group obviously increased than untreated samples by the cell cycle (P<0.05. Conclusion βIII-tubulin down-regulated significantly

  14. 莪术油对人肺腺癌细胞A549增殖的影响%Effect of Zedoary Turmeric Oil on Proliferation in Human Lung Adenocarcinoma Cell Line A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓波; 牛建昭; 崔巍; 刘飒; 杨长福; 赵丕文; 唐炳华

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨莪术油对人肺腺癌细胞A549增殖的抑制作用.方法 体外培养肺腺癌细胞A549,MTT比色法测定莪术油对A549细胞作用24、48、72 h后抑制率;流式细胞术分析莪术油对A549细胞作用24 h后细胞周期的变化;Annexin V-FITC/PI双染检测莪术油对A549细胞作用24 h后细胞凋亡与坏死情况.结果 莪术油对A549细胞增殖的抑制率随时间延长明显升高,随药物浓度增加抑制作用增强;莪术油对A549细胞作用24 h后,细胞周期停滞在G0/G1期,阻止其进入S期;细胞的早期凋亡、晚期凋亡和坏死比例随着莪术油浓度的增加而增加,且坏死细胞的比例高于凋亡细胞.结论 莪术油对A549细胞的增殖具有抑制作用,并呈时间、浓度依赖,其作用是通过阻滞细胞周期及诱导凋亡和坏死采实现的.%Objective To explore the inhibiting effect of Zedoary turmeric oil on the proliferation of A549 cell line. Methods Lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 was cultured in vitro. The inhibition rate of Zedoary turmeric oil on the proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 for 24, 48, 72 h were determined by MTT colorimetric assay. The cell cycle of lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 stimulated by Zedoary turmeric oil for 24 h was analyzed by flow cytometry. The apoptosis and necrosis of lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 stimulated by Zedoary turmeric oil for 24 h was tested by Annexin V-FITC/PI assay. Results MTT assay indicated that the inhibition rate of Zedoary turmeric oil on the proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 increased significantly with the growing of time and concentration. Further analysis by flow cytometry indicated that Zedoary turmeric oil stimulating the A549 cells for 24 h led to Go/Gi phase arrest and blocked S phase entry. Meanwhile cells in early apoptosis, late apoptosis and necrosis were increased, and the percentage of necrotic cells was more than apoptotic cells with the increase of

  15. Aression of TLR9 in human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line A549%TLR9在人肺腺癌细胞A549中的表达

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    Jun Yu; Tiecheng Pan; Xiang Wei; Ligang Liu; Min Hu; Fang Yuan; Jiaduo Li

    2009-01-01

    Objective: Being considered as a bridge between the innate immunity and acquired immunity, Toll-like receptors (TRLs) are very important innate immunity moleculars. Recent researchs on the innate immunity have focused on the relation- ship between TLRs and human tumor. This paper investgated the expression and significance of TLR9 in human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell (A549 cell) and human bronchial epithelial cell (HBE cell). Methods: After culturing A549 cell and HBE cell in vitro, the expression of TLR9 mRNA and protein in both cells were detected by immunocytochemistry, Real-time Quantitative Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction (Real-time Quantitative PCR) and Western blot, respectively. Results: By immunocytochemistry staining, TLR9 was mainly expressed in both cells' cell membrane and endochylema as brown-yellow material. It showed that the expressions of TLR9 mRNA and protein in A549 cell were stronger than those in HBE cell (P < 0.01). Conclusion: The results suggest TLR9 might cause the progression of human pulmonary adenocaroinoma, and the mechanism needs to be further investgatied.

  16. The mRNA and protein expression of folylpolyglutamate synthetase in methotrexate enantiomer-resistant A549 cell lines%信息动态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the expression of folylpolyglutamate synthetase ( FPGS ) in methotrexate ( MTX ) enantiomer-resistant A549 cell lines [ L-( + )-MTX and D-( - )-MTX ]. Methods The expression of FPGS on genetic and protein level was determined by FQ-PCR and Western blot in lung cancer A549 cells, and MTX enantiomer-resistant A549 cells [ L-( + )-MTX and D-( - )-MTX ], with the concentration of drug resistance was 15 μmol/L. Results The genetic expression level of FPGS was ( 0.80 ± 0. 09 ) and ( 2. 04 ± 0. 34 ) folds in L-( + )- MTX/A549 cells and D-( - )-MTX/A549 cells compared with lung cancer A549 cells, there was statistical difference between two groups ( P < 0.05 ). The protein expression level of FPGS was ( 0. 85 ± 0. 12 ) and( 1.62 ± 0. 24 ) folds in L-( + )-MTX/A549 cells and D-( - )-MTX/A549 cells compared with lung cancer A549 cells,there was statistical difference ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion The expression level of FPGS on genetic and protein level in drug resistant cells have been changed, and significant difference in two enantiomer-resistant cells are appeared.

  17. Melatonin inhibits the migration of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell lines involving JNK/MAPK pathway.

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    Qiaoyun Zhou

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Melatonin, an indolamine produced and secreted predominately by the pineal gland, exhibits a variety of physiological functions, possesses antioxidant and antitumor properties. But, the mechanisms for the anti-cancer effects are unknown. The present study explored the effects of melatonin on the migration of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and its mechanism. METHODS: MTT assay was employed to measure the viability of A549 cells treated with different concentrations of melatonin. The effect of melatonin on the migration of A549 cells was analyzed by wound healing assay. Occludin location was observed by immunofluorescence. The expression of occludin, osteopontin (OPN, myosin light chain kinase (MLCK and phosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC, JNK were detected by western blots. RESULTS: After A549 cells were treated with melatonin, the viability and migration of the cells were inhibited significantly. The relative migration rate of A549 cells treated with melatonin was only about 20% at 24 h. The expression level of OPN, MLCK and phosphorylation of MLC of A549 cells were reduced, while the expression of occludin was conversely elevated, and occludin located on the cell surface was obviously increased. The phosphorylation status of JNK in A549 cells was also reduced when cells were treated by melatonin. CONCLUSIONS: Melatonin significantly inhibits the migration of A549 cells, and this may be associated with the down-regulation of the expression of OPN, MLCK, phosphorylation of MLC, and up-regulation of the expression of occludin involving JNK/MAPK pathway.

  18. The expression and significance of AICARFT and mTOR in pemetrexed resistant human lung adenocar-cinoma cancer cell line A549/PEM%AICARFT 及 mTOR 在人肺腺癌亲本株 A549及培美曲塞耐药株 A549/PEM 的表达及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨AICARFT、mTOR在人肺腺癌亲本株A549及培美曲塞诱导人肺腺癌耐药株A549/PEM中表达变化及意义。方法流式细胞术检测A549A549/PEM细胞周期分布, RT-PCR、Western blot分别检测AICARFT、mTOR在A549A549/PEM的mRNA及蛋白表达变化。结果流式细胞术检测细胞周期提示处于S期的A549/PEM较A549明显增多,分别为(36.61±1.36)%和(27.16±1.08)%( P=0.001);RT-PCR检测mRNA示A549/PEM的AICARFT及mTOR基因表达与A549相比均表达上调(P<0.05);Western blot检测蛋白示A549/PEM的AICARFT及mTOR蛋白表达与A549相比均表达上调(P<0.05)。结论人肺腺癌培美曲塞获得性耐药细胞株出现细胞周期重分布,培美曲塞获得性耐药可能与AICARFT、mTOR表达上调相关。%Objective To investigate the expression of AICARFT and mTOR in lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 and pemetrexed resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549/PEM.Methods The distri-bution of cell cycle was evaluated by flow cytometry assay.The expression of AICARFT and mTOR in A549 and A549/PEM were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot.Results Flow cytometry analysis showed that S phase in A549/PEM was higher than that in A549((36.61 ±1.36)%vs(27.16 ±1.08)%(P=0.001)).mRNA over expression of AICARFT and mTOR in A549/PEM were detected by RT-PCR(P<0.05).Protein over expres-sion of AICARFT and mTOR in A549/PEM were detected by Western blot.(P<0.05).Conclusion High level of AICARFT and mTOR may be connected with pemetrexed acquired drug resistance in lung adenocarcinoma.The cycle of pemetrexed resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cancer cell line A549/PEM is redistributed.

  19. Direct electric current treatment modifies mitochondrial function and lipid body content in the A549 cancer cell line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holandino, Carla; Teixeira, Cesar Augusto Antunes; de Oliveira, Felipe Alves Gomes; Barbosa, Gleyce Moreno; Siqueira, Camila Monteiro; Messeder, Douglas Jardim; de Aguiar, Fernanda Silva; da Veiga, Venicio Feo; Girard-Dias, Wendell; Miranda, Kildare; Galina, Antonio; Capella, Marcia Alves Marques; Morales, Marcelo Marcos

    2016-10-01

    Electrochemical therapy (EChT) entails treatment of solid tumors with direct electric current (DC). This work evaluated the specific effects of anodic flow generated by DC on biochemical and metabolic features of the A549 human lung cancer cell line. Apoptosis was evaluated on the basis of caspase-3 activity and mitochondrial transmembrane potential dissipation. Cell morphology was analyzed using transmission electron microscopy, and lipid droplets were studied through morphometric analysis and X-ray qualitative elemental microanalysis. High-resolution respirometry was used to assess mitochondrial respiratory parameters. Results indicated A549 viability decreased in a dose-dependent manner with a prominent drop between 18 and 24h after treatment (p<0.001), together with a two-fold increase in caspase-3 activity. AF-treatment induced a significantly increase (p<0.01) in the cell number with disrupted mitochondrial transmembrane potential. Furthermore, treated cells demonstrated important ultrastructural mitochondria damage and a three-fold increase in the cytoplasmic lipid bodies' number, quantified by morphometrical analyses. Conversely, 24h after treatment, the cells presented a two-fold increase of residual oxygen consumption, accounting for 45.3% of basal oxygen consumption. These results show remarkable alterations promoted by anodic flow on human lung cancer cells which are possibly involved with the antitumoral effects of EChT.

  20. 透明质酸寡糖调节A549/DDP多药耐药作用的研究%Effects of reversing drug resistant of hyaluronate oligomers on A549/DDP cell line of human lung cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宪真; 王宝中

    2009-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effects of hyaluronate oligomers on the multiple drug resistance of lung cancer cell lines A549/DDP. Methods: After co-culturing A549/DDP and CD44 monoclonal antibody or hyaluronan oligomers for 48 hours,to detect the following parameters:Hyaluronate contents of the medium by radioimmunoassay,MDR1,MRP,LRP expressions by flow cytometry,survival rate of cells under different concentrations of cisplatin by MTT tests. Results: Hyaluronan oligomers can decrease hyaluronan expression,and MDR1,MRP,LRP expression of A549/DDP.In addition,apoptosis level of cells treated by hyaluronan oligomers increased significantly in higher concentration cisplatin. Conclution: In vitro,hyaluronan oligomers can reverse drug resistance of A549/DDP.%目的:通过研究透明质酸寡糖对人肺腺癌细胞系A549/DDP的P糖蛋白和多药耐药相关蛋白(MRP)、肺耐药蛋白(LRP)表达的影响,探讨透明质酸在引起肿瘤细胞多药耐药中的作用.方法: 将CD44单抗或透明质酸寡糖与A549/DDP细胞共培养48小时,放免法检测培养基中细胞所分泌透明质酸的含量,流式细胞仪检测经上述处理的A549/DDP表面MDR1 、MRP、LRP的表达率,MTT法检测在不同浓度顺铂作用下,各组细胞的存活率.结果: 经透明质酸寡糖处理后A549/DDP,分泌透明质酸较未处理组明显减少(P<0.05);且细胞表面与多药耐药相关的MDR1 、MRP、LRP的表达率均降低(P<0.05).另外,处理后的细胞,在不同浓度顺铂作用时,细胞凋亡率明显增加.结论: 体外条件下,透明质酸寡糖能逆转A549/DDP的耐药.

  1. Direct electric current treatment modifies mitochondrial function and lipid body content in the A549 cancer cell line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holandino, Carla; Teixeira, Cesar Augusto Antunes; de Oliveira, Felipe Alves Gomes; Barbosa, Gleyce Moreno; Siqueira, Camila Monteiro; Messeder, Douglas Jardim; de Aguiar, Fernanda Silva; da Veiga, Venicio Feo; Girard-Dias, Wendell; Miranda, Kildare; Galina, Antonio; Capella, Marcia Alves Marques; Morales, Marcelo Marcos

    2016-10-01

    Electrochemical therapy (EChT) entails treatment of solid tumors with direct electric current (DC). This work evaluated the specific effects of anodic flow generated by DC on biochemical and metabolic features of the A549 human lung cancer cell line. Apoptosis was evaluated on the basis of caspase-3 activity and mitochondrial transmembrane potential dissipation. Cell morphology was analyzed using transmission electron microscopy, and lipid droplets were studied through morphometric analysis and X-ray qualitative elemental microanalysis. High-resolution respirometry was used to assess mitochondrial respiratory parameters. Results indicated A549 viability decreased in a dose-dependent manner with a prominent drop between 18 and 24h after treatment (pbodies' number, quantified by morphometrical analyses. Conversely, 24h after treatment, the cells presented a two-fold increase of residual oxygen consumption, accounting for 45.3% of basal oxygen consumption. These results show remarkable alterations promoted by anodic flow on human lung cancer cells which are possibly involved with the antitumoral effects of EChT. PMID:27243447

  2. Chemosensitization and radiosensitization of a lung cancer cell line A549 induced by a composite polymer micelle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jing; Zhang, Bi-Cheng; Li, Xiang-Long; Xu, Wen-Hong; Zhou, Juan; Shen, Li; Wei, Qi-Chun

    2016-08-01

    Multidrug resistance (MDR) to Doxorubicin (DOX) remains a major obstacle to successful cancer treatment. The present study sought to overcome the MDR of lung cancer cells and achieve radiosensitization by developing a composite DOX-loaded micelle (M-DOX). M-DOX containing PEG-PCL/Pluronic P105 was prepared by the solvent evaporation method. Lung cancer cell line A549 was adopted in this study. In vitro cytotoxicity, cellular uptake behavior, subcellular distribution, and radiosensitivity were evaluated by the treatment with M-DOX, and free DOX was used as a control. A549 cells treated with M-DOX as opposed to free DOX showed greater cellular uptake as well as greater cytotoxicity. Furthermore, M-DOX reached the mitochondria and lysosome effectively after cellular uptake, and fluorescence used to track M-DOX was found to be surrounding the nucleus. Finally, colony-forming assays demonstrated that M-DOX treatment improved radiosensitization when compared to free DOX. Based on the increased cytotoxicity and radiosensitization, M-DOX could be considered as a promising drug delivery system to overcome MDR in lung cancer therapy. PMID:27585226

  3. Low Dose Hyper-radiosensitivity in Human Lung Cancer Cell Line A549 and Its Possible Mechanisms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaofang DAI; Dan TAO; Hongge WU; Jing CHENG

    2009-01-01

    The low dose hyper-radiosensitivity (HRS) in human lung cancer cell line A549 was in-vestigated,the changes of ATM kinase,cell cycle and apoptosis of cells at different doses of radiation were observed,and the possible mechanisms were discussed.A549 cells in logarithmic growth phase were irradiated with 60Co γ-rays at doses of 0-2 Gy.Together with flow cytometry for precise cell sorting,cell survival fraction was measured by means of conventional colony-formation assay.The expression of ATM1981Ser-P protein was examined by Western blot 1 h after radiation.Apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33258 fluorescent staining,and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining flow cytometry 24 h after radiation.Cell cycle distribution was observed by flow cytometly 6,12 and 24 h after ra-diation.The results showed that the expression of ATM1981Ser-P protein was observed at 0.2 Gy,followed by an increase at >0.2 Gy,and reached the peak at 0.5 Gy,with little further increase as the dose exceeded 0.5 Gy.Twenty-four h after radiation,partial cells presented the characteristic mor-phological changes of apoptosis,and the cell apoptosis curve was coincident with the survival curve.As compared with control group,the cell cycle almost had no changes after exposure to 0.1 and 0.2 Gy radiation (P>0.05).After exposure to 0.3,0.4 and 0.5 Cry radiation,G2/M phase arrest occurred 6 and 12 h after radiation (P<0.05),and the ratio of G2/M phase cells was decreased 24 h after radiation (P<0.05).It was concluded that A549 cells displayed the phenomenon of HRS/IRR.The mode of cell death was mainly apoptosis.The activity of ATM and cell cycle change may take an important role in HRS/IRR.

  4. Cytotoxic and pro-apoptotic activities of leaf extract of Croton bonplandianus Baill. against lung cancer cell line A549.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhavana, J; Kalaivani, M K; Sumathy, A

    2016-06-01

    The acetone extract (AcE) of the Croton bonplandianus Baill., an exotic weed of the Euphorbiaceae family was studied for cytotoxicity, apoptosis, cell cycle arrest in A549 cell line and antioxidant capacities using MTT assay, acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB staining), cell cycle analysis and DPPH radical scavenging assay respectively. Based on the cytotoxic activity, the extract was tested for the apoptotic effect using AO/EB and Hoechst 33258 staining. The apoptosis was characterized by chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation. Further, to determine the stage of cell death, cell cycle analysis was performed by flow cytometry and AcE was found to arrest G2/M phase in a dose dependent manner. The number of cells in G2/M phase increases with concurrent accumulation of cells in sub G₀/G₁phase indicates the induction of apoptosis at G2M phase. The free radical scavenging activity of the AcE against DPPH was considerably significant. The cytotoxic, apoptotic and antioxidant effect of the AcE could be well correlated with the presence of potent free radical scavenging secondary metabolites such as phenols (43 ± 0.05 µg/mL), flavonoids (3.5 ± 0.07 µg/mL) and tannin (0.36 ± 0.1 µg/mL). Our study has shown that A549 cells were more sensitive to AcE with an IC₅₀ of 15.68 ± 0.006 µg/mL compared to the standard drug 2.20 ± 0.008 µg/mL (cisplatin). The results suggest that Croton bonplandianus could serve as a potential source of alternative therapeutic agent for treating cancer. Further research is required to isolate the active principle compound and determination of its anticancer property.

  5. Purification and characterization of protease enzyme from actinomycetes and its cytotoxic effect on cancer cell line (A549)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    C Balachandran; V Duraipandiyan; S Ignacimuthu

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To isolate active actinomycetes from soil samples of Northern Himalayas and study their culture characterization, protease production and cytotoxic effects on cancer cell line (A549). Methods: Forty six strains of actinomycetes were isolated from the soil collected from Northern Himalayas, India. Isolation of actinomycetes was performed by serial dilution plate technique. Forty six isolated actinomycetes cultures were grown in ISP 2 medium to study the morphology and biochemical characteristics. Isolated strains were studied for protease enzyme production in skim milk agar medium with solubilising capacity. Seven isolates were studied for melanin pigmentation and different NaCl concentration. Effects of environmental conditions influencing protease enzyme production of seven isolated strains were also studied at different pH, temperature and metal ions (β-mercaptoethanol, dithiothreitol, iodoacetamide, MgSO4, CaCl2 and EDTA). The seven isolates were also studied for lytic enzyme activity using different bacteria and yeast such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa), Enterococcus feacalis (E. feacalis), Escherishia coli (E. coli), Candida albicans (C. albicans), Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis), Klebsiella pneumonia (K. pneumonia) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Results: Isolates ERIA-31 and ERIA-33 produced more protease enzyme activity in modified nutrient agar media compared to other actinomycetes cultures. ERIA-31 and ERIA-33 were tested for cytotoxic effect in human adenocarcinoma cancer cell line (A549). IC50 for ERIA-31 was 57.04 μg/mL and IC50 for ERIA-33 was 55.07 μg/mL. Conclusion: Actinomycete being a protease producing bacteria has the potential for use in industrial purpose, pharmaceuticals, cytotoxic agent and its proteolytic activity. Isolates of ERIA-31 and ERIA-33 produced significant amount of protease enzymes.

  6. 三种缝线材料对人肺腺癌细胞A549增殖和细胞周期的影响%Effect of three suture lines on the proliferation and cell cycle of lung adenocarcinoma cell A549 in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lianhua Ye; Yunchao Huang; Qilin Jin; Feng Hua; Guangqiang Zhao

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The interaction of cell and medical biomaterial is one of the significant factors to affect clinical application of medical biomaterial. This research is to investigate three of suture lines how to affect the proliferation and cell cycle of lung adenocarcinoma cell A549 in vitro. Methods: Three of suture lines were respectively cultivated with lung adenocarcinoma cell A549, after of 72 hours, we detected absorptions of each group by MTT method in order to reflect the proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma cell A549, and also examined percentage of G1 period cells and S period cells of each group by flow cytometry. Results: Different of suture lines had different effects on the proliferation and cell cycle of lung adenocarcinoma cell A549 (P < 0.05). The effect of absorbent suture line was the strongest on the proliferation and cell cycle of lung adenocarcinoma cell A549, the effect of chorda serica chirurgicalis was medium, and the effect of slide wire was poor. Different length of each suture line had different effects on the proliferation and cell cycle of lung adenocarcinoma cell A549 (P < 0.05).Conclusion: Three of suture line materials have different effects on the proliferation and cell cycle of lung adenocarcinoma cell A549, with dose-effect relationship.

  7. 荞麦七提取物对肺癌A549细胞增殖及凋亡的影响%Effects of Fagopyrum cymosum extracts on proliferation and apoptosis of lung cancer cell line A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李健; 王晓梅; 杨春娟; 刘帆

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of Fagopyrum cymosum extracts on proliferation and apoptosis of human lung cancer cell line A549. Methods A549 lung cancer cells were processed with aqueous extracts and anthraquinone of Fagopyrum cymosum. Cell viability was detected by trypan blue staining. The inhibition rate of cell proliferation was detected by MTT. The protein expression levels of Csapase 9 and P53 were detected by immunohis-tochemical method. Results The inhibition effects of Fagopyrum cymosum aqueous extracts on lung cancer cell line A549 increased along with higher concentration of the extracts. The inhibition rate at 72 h was significantly higher than the rates at 24 h and 48 h, while there were no significant differences in inhibition rates among the three con-centrations of Fagopyrum cymosum anthraquinone. The induction on Csapase 9 and inhibition on P53 by both extracts were enhanced with the increase of concentration. Conclusion The aqueous extracts and anthraquinone of Fagopy-rum cymosum can inhibit the proliferation of human lung cancer cell line A549 and induce their apoptosis, with the underlying mechanism possibly related to the up-regulation of Caspase 9 and down-regulation of P53.%目的:研究荞麦七提取物对人肺癌A549细胞增殖及凋亡的影响。方法应用荞麦七水提物及荞麦七蒽醌处理肺癌A549细胞,锥虫蓝染色法检测细胞存活率,MTT法检测细胞增殖抑制率,免疫细胞化学法检测Caspase 9和P53蛋白表达水平。结果荞麦七水提取物对肺癌A549细胞增殖的抑制作用随浓度而增强,72 h的抑制率明显较24 h及48 h强,荞麦七蒽醌3种浓度的抑制率之间差异不大。2种提取物对Caspase 9的诱导作用均随着浓度的增大而增强,对P53的抑制作用也随着浓度的增大而增强。结论荞麦七水提物及蒽醌能抑制人肺癌A549细胞的增殖,并诱导其凋亡,其机制可能与上调Caspase 9的表达及下调P53的表达有关。

  8. 流感病毒NS1蛋白稳定表达的A549细胞系建立%Establishment of A549 Cell Line Stably Expressing NS1 Protein of Influenza Virus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志辉; 曾琳姣; 王慧煜; 梅琳; 刘永飞; 韩雪清

    2013-01-01

    NS1 of influenza A virus is a key multifunctional protein that plays various roles in regulating viral replication mechanisms, disease pathogenesis. In order to establish stable A549 cell line expressing NS1 protein of influenza A Virus, NSl cDNA was obtained by RT-PCR using 2009 A(H1N1) influenza virus total RNA as template. The fragment was cloned in the pMD19-T vector, then the fragment was obtained by BamHI and NdeI digestion, and ligated with pCMV-HA. Linearized pCMV-HA-NS1 and neo were transfect-ed into A549 cells. The stable expressing NSl protein cell line was screened by G418. DNA, RNA, protein levels of NS1 were detected in A549 cells by PCR, RT-PCR and Western blot, the location of the NSl protein in cells was observed by immunofluorescence. The result indicated that NS1 protein was stable expressed in A549 cell line, suggesting that NSl stable expression A549 cell line was successfully constructed, and the NS1 protein is located in nucleus. This stable cell line can be used for further study of biological functions of NS1.%A型流感病毒的NSl(Nonstructurol 1 protein,NSl)蛋白是病毒复制、毒力等的重要调节蛋白.运用RT-PCR方法扩增A/Beijing/501/2009 (H1N1)流感病毒NS1基因,克隆至真核表达载体pCMV-HA,用Lipofectamine 2000将线性化pCMV-HA-NS1与neo基因共同转染A549细胞,通过G418筛选获得阳性重组细胞,并采用PCR、RT-PCR、Western blot技术检测重组细胞中NS1蛋白的表达,通过免疫荧光技术观察NS1蛋白在细胞中的定位.PCR、RT-PCR检测显示NS1基因成功整合进入细胞基因组,并转录为mRNA;Western blot检测显示重组细胞系稳定表达NS1蛋白,免疫荧光显示NS1蛋白定位于细胞核内.表明通过G418筛选,成功构建稳定表达NS1蛋白的重组A549-HA-NS1细胞系,且NS1蛋白定位于细胞核内,为进一步研究NS1蛋白的生物学功能奠定基础.

  9. Umbelliprenin is cytotoxic against QU-DB large cell lung cancer cell line but anti-proliferative against A549 adenocarcinoma cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaghanzadeh Narges

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Umbelliprenin is a natural compound, belonging to the class of sesquiterpene coumarins. Recently, umbelliprenin has attracted the researchers' attention for its antitumor activities against skin tumors. Its effect on lung cancer is largely unknown. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of this natural compound, which is expected to have low adverse effects, on lung cancer. Methods The QU-DB large cell and A549 adenocarcinoma lung cancer cell lines were treated with umbelliprenin. IC50 values were estimated using methyl thiazolely diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT assay, in which a decrease in MTT reduction can occur as a result of cell death or cell proliferation inhibition. To quantify the rate of cell death at IC50 values, flow cytometry using Annexin V-FITC (for apoptotic cells, and propidium iodide (for necrotic cells dyes were employed. Results Data from three independent MTT experiments in triplicate revealed that IC50 values for QU-DB and A549 were 47 ± 5.3 μM and 52 ± 1.97 μM, respectively. Annexin V/PI staining demonstrated that umbelliprenin treatment at IC50 induced 50% cell death in QU-DB cells, but produced no significant death in A549 cells until increasing the umbelliprenin concentration to IC80. The pattern of cell death was predominantly apoptosis in both cell lines. When peripheral blood mononuclear cells were treated with 50 μM and less concentrations of umbelliprenin, no suppressive effect was observed. Conclusions We found cytotoxic/anti-proliferative effects of umbelliprenin against two different types of lung cancer cell lines.

  10. Umbelliprenin is Cytotoxic against QU-DB Large Cell Lung Cancer Cell Line but Anti-Proliferative against A549 Adenocarcinoma Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Ghaderi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Background:Umbelliprenin is a natural compound, belonging to the class of sesquiterpene coumarins.Recently, umbelliprenin has attracted the researchers' attention for its antitumor activitiesagainst skin tumors. Its effect on lung cancer is largely unknown. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of this natural compound, which is expected to have low adverse effects, on lung cancer.Methods:The QU-DB large cell and A549 adenocarcinoma lung cancer cell lines were treated with umbelliprenin. IC50 values were estimated using methyl thiazolely diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT assay, in which a decrease in MTT reduction can occur as a result of cell death or cell proliferation inhibition. To quantify the rate of cell death at IC50 values, flow cytometry using Annexin V-FITC (for apoptotic cells, and propidium iodide (for necrotic cells dyes were employed.Results:Data from three independent MTT experiments in triplicate revealed that IC50 values for QUDB and A549 were 47 ± 5.3 μM and 52 ± 1.97 μM, respectively. Annexin V/PI staining demonstrated that umbelliprenin treatment at IC50 induced 50% cell death in QU-DB cells,but produced no significant death in A549 cells until increasing the umbelliprenin concentration to IC80. The pattern of cell death was predominantly apoptosis in both cell lines. When peripheral blood mononuclear cells were treated with 50 μM and lessconcentrations of umbelliprenin, no suppressive effect was observed.Conclusions:We found cytotoxic/anti-proliferative effects of umbelliprenin against two different types of lung cancer cell lines.

  11. 下调βIII-tubulin逆转肺腺癌A549/Taxol细胞株紫杉醇耐药%Down-regulatedβIII-tubulin Expression Can Reverse Paclitaxel Resistance in A549/Taxol Cells Lines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    禚银玲; 郭其森

    2014-01-01

    Background and objective Chemotherapy drug resistance is the primary causes of death in patients with pulmonary carcinoma which make tumor recurrence or metastasis.β-tubulin is the main cell targets of anti-microtubule drug. Increased expression ofβIII-tubulin has been implicated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. To explore the relationship among the expression level ofβIII-tubulin and the sensitivity of A549/Taxolcell lines to Taxol and cell cycles and cell apoptosis by RNA interference-mediated inhibition ofβIII-tubulin in A549/Taxol cells. Methods hTree pairs of siRNA targetdβIII-tubulin were designed and prepared, which were transfected into A549/Taxol cells using LipofectamineTM 2000. We detected the expression ofβIII-tubulin mRNA using Real-time lfuorescence qRT-PCR. Tedhen we selected the most eff-cient siRNA by the expression ofβIII-tubulin mRNA in transfected group.βIII-tubulin protein level were mesured by Western blot. hTe taxol sensitivity in transfected group were evaluated by MTT assay. And the cell apoptosis and cell cycles were deter-mined by lfow cytometry. Results βIII-tubulin mRNA levels in A549/Taxol cells were signiifcantly decreased in transfected grop by Real-time qRT-PCR than control groups. AndβIII-tubulin siRNA-1 sequence showed the highest transfection eff-ciency, which was (87.73±4.87)%(P<0.01);Western blot results showed that the expressional level of BIII tublin protein was signiifcantly down-reulated in the transfectant cells than thant in the control cells. By MTT assay, we showed that the inhibition ratio of Taxol to A549/Taxol cells transfeced was higher than that of control group (51.77±4.60)%(P<0.01). hTe early apopto-sis rate of A549/Taxol cells in transfected group were signiifcantly higher than that of control group (P<0.01);G2-M content in taxol group obviously increased than untreated samples by the cell cycle (P<0.05). Conclusion βIII-tubulin down-regulated signiifcantly sensitized NSCLC A549

  12. Cell cycle inhibitory activity of Piper longum against A549 cell line and its protective effect against metal-induced toxicity in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Amit Kumar; Kumar, Shashank; Chashoo, Gousia; Saxena, Ajit K; Pandey, Abhay K

    2014-10-01

    Anticancer potential of Piper longum fruit against human cancer cell lines (DU-145 prostate, A549 lung, THP-1 leukemia, IGR-OVI-1 ovary and MCF-7 breast) as well as its in vitro and in vivo biochemical efficacy in A1Cl3-induced hepatotoxicity were evaluated in the rats. Dried samples were extracted with several solvents using soxhlet apparatus. Flavonoid content in chloroform, benzene, ethyl alcohol and aqueous extracts of fruit was 19, 14, 12 and 11 μg quercetin equivalent/mg of sample, respectively. Hexane extracts exhibited 90-92% cytotoxicity against most of the test cell lines (A549, THP-1, IGR-OVI-1 and MCF-7), while benzene extract displayed 84-87% cytotoxicity against MCF-7, IGR-OV-1 and THP-1 cell lines. Among extracts, hexane, benzene and acetone extracts demonstrated considerable cytotoxicity (91-95%) against A549 (lung cancer) cell line in Sulforhodamine B dye (SRB) assay. Cell cycle analysis revealed that hexane, benzene and acetone extracts produced 41, 63 and 43% sub-G1 DNA fraction, demonstrating cell cycle inhibitory potential of these extracts against A549 cell line. Chloroform, ethyl alcohol and aqueous extracts displayed 71, 64 and 65% membrane protective activity, respectively in lipid peroxidation inhibition assay. P. longum fruit extracts also ameliorated A1Cl3-induced hepatotoxicity, as indicated by alterations observed in serum enzymes ALP, SGOT and SGPT activity, as well as creatinine and bilirubin contents. In conclusion, study established the cytotoxic and hepatoprotective activity in P. longum extracts. PMID:25630105

  13. Long Term Culture of the A549 Cancer Cell Line Promotes Multilamellar Body Formation and Differentiation towards an Alveolar Type II Pneumocyte Phenotype

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, James Ross; Abdullatif, Muhammad Bilal; Burnett, Edward C.; Kempsell, Karen E.; Conforti, Franco; Tolley, Howard; Collins, Jane E.; Davies, Donna E.

    2016-01-01

    Pulmonary research requires models that represent the physiology of alveolar epithelium but concerns with reproducibility, consistency and the technical and ethical challenges of using primary or stem cells has resulted in widespread use of continuous cancer or other immortalized cell lines. The A549 ‘alveolar’ cell line has been available for over four decades but there is an inconsistent view as to its suitability as an appropriate model for primary alveolar type II (ATII) cells. Since most work with A549 cells involves short term culture of proliferating cells, we postulated that culture conditions that reduced proliferation of the cancer cells would promote a more differentiated ATII cell phenotype. We examined A549 cell growth in different media over long term culture and then used microarray analysis to investigate temporal regulation of pathways involved in cell cycle and ATII differentiation; we also made comparisons with gene expression in freshly isolated human ATII cells. Analyses indicated that long term culture in Ham’s F12 resulted in substantial modulation of cell cycle genes to result in a quiescent population of cells with significant up-regulation of autophagic, differentiation and lipidogenic pathways. There were also increased numbers of up- and down-regulated genes shared with primary cells suggesting adoption of ATII characteristics and multilamellar body (MLB) development. Subsequent Oil Red-O staining and Transmission Electron Microscopy confirmed MLB expression in the differentiated A549 cells. This work defines a set of conditions for promoting ATII differentiation characteristics in A549 cells that may be advantageous for studies with this cell line. PMID:27792742

  14. The Study of CpG Island Methylation of BRCA1 Gene Promoter in a Taxol Induced Drug-resistant Human Lung Aadenocarcinoma Cell Line A549%耐紫杉醇人肺腺癌A549细胞株中BRCA1基因启动子CpG岛甲基化的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹红英; 王红兵

    2012-01-01

    目的 检测耐紫杉醇人肺腺癌A549细胞株(A549/Taxol)中BRCA1基因启动子CpG岛甲基化状态,探讨A549/Taxol细胞对紫杉醇的耐药机制.方法 应用甲基化特异性聚合酶链反应(MSP)技术,检测耐紫杉醇人肺腺癌A549细胞株BRCA1基因启动子CpG岛甲基化状态.结果 A549/Taxol细胞存在BRCA1基因异常甲基化,呈部分甲基化.结论 A549/Taxol细胞存在BRCA1基因异常甲基化,可能是A549/Taxol细胞对紫杉醇耐药的机制之一.%Objective To detect the CpG island methylation status of BRCA1 gene promoter in the Taxol induced drug-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 ( A549/Taxol ), and to explore the resistance mechanisms of A549/Taxol. Methods A549/Taxol were examined CpG island methylation of BRCA1 gene promoter by methylation specific PCR ( MSP ). Results IBRCA1 gene aberrant methylation of A549/Taxol cells is part of methylation. Conclusion BRCA1 gene aberrant methylation of A549/Taxol may be one of the resistance mechanisms of taxol in A549/Taxol.

  15. THE EFFECT OF IRISQUINONE ON THE GLUTATHIONE SYSTEM AND MRP EXPRESSION OF CISPLATIN-RESISTANT HUMAN LUNG ADENOCARCINOMA CELL LINE (A549DDP)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the Reversal Effect of Irisquinone (ANKA) on Cisplatin-resistant Human Lung Adenocarcinoma Cell Line (A549DDP) and the change of MRP expression. Methods: MTT assay, flow cytometry, glutathione reductase recycling assay, RT-PCR were used. Results: None or low cytotoxic concentration of ANKA (10, 20, 30 mmol/L) could increase the sensitivity of A549DDP cells to CDDP by 8.2, 7.9 and 8.9-fold in a dose independent manner. After A549DDP cells was pretreated with 10 mmol/L ANKA for 12 h, CDDP cytotoxicity was increased 9.41-fold. The GSH content of the cells treated by ANKA is reduced significantly (P<0.001). The GSTp protein expression was reduced by ANKA depended on its doses. ANKA also reduced expression of MRP protein, dependent on its dose and treating time (P<0.001). MRP mRNA expression was reduced only by 30 mmol/L ANKA (P<0.05). Conclusion: The reversal effect of ANKA on A549DDP cell was relative to intracellular glutathione system.

  16. Effects of herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase/acyclovir system on growth of human pulmonary adenocarcinoma A549 cell line in vitro and in vivo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Xiang-liang; HE Dong-hua; GUO Xian-jian; QIAN Gui-sheng; HUANG Gui-jun; CHEN Wei-zhong; LI Shu-ping

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effect of anciclovir (ACV) treatment on tumors induced by inoculation of TK gene-transfected human pulmonary adenocarcinoma A549 cells in nude mice. Methods: A recombinant plasmid containing TK gene was constructed and transfected into A549 cells by electroporation. The sensitivity of the transgenic cells (A549-TK) to ACV was examined by MTT assay in vitro and for in vivo observation, inoculation of A549-TK and A-549 cells into nude mice was separately performed to induce tumor growth, the response of which to ACV treatment was observed, and the tumor tissues were pathologically examined. Results: A recombinant plasmid containing TK gene was successfully constructed and transfected into A549 cells. The sensitivity of A549-TK cells to ACV was 43 times higher than that of A549 cells. The tumors induced by A549-TK cells showed no significant increase in size after ACV treatment (P>0. 05), and light microscopy revealed local tissue necrosis, karyoklasis, and nuclei disappearance. Conclusion: A549-TK cells acquires sensitivity to ACV both in vitro and in vivo, and ACV can inhibit the growth of tumors induced by A549-TK cell inoculation in nude mice.

  17. Highly expressed N1-acetylpolyamine oxidase detoxifies polyamine analogue N1-cyclopropylmethyl-N11-ethylnorspermine in human lung cancer cell line A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Yu; REN Yu-san; CAO Chun-yu; REN Dong-ming; ZHOU Yong-qin; WANG Yan-lin

    2009-01-01

    Background The critical roles of polyamines in cell growth and differentiation have made polyamine metabolic pathway a promising target for antitumor therapy. Recent studies have demonstrated in vitro that some antitumor polyamine analogues could be used as substrates and oxidized by purified recombinant human N1-acetylpolyamine oxidase (APAO, an enzyme that catabolizes natural polyamines), indicating a potential role of APAO in determining the sensitivity of cancer cells to specific antitumor analogues. This study evaluated, in vivo, the effect of APAO on cytotoxicity of antitumor polyamine analogue, N1-cyclopropylmethyI-N11-ethylnorspermine (CPENS) and its mechanism when highly expressed in human lung cancer line A549.Methods A clone with high expression of APAO was obtained by transfecting A549 lung cancer cell line with pcDNA3.1/APAO plasmid and selecting with quantitative realtime PCR and APAO activity assay. Cell proliferation was determined by MTT method and apoptosis related events were evaluated by DNA fragmentation, sub-G1/flow cytometric assay, western blotting (for cytochrome C and Bax) and colorimetric assay (for casapse-3 activity). Results A clone highly expressing APAO was obtained. High expression of APAO in A549 cells inhibited accumulation of CPENS, decreased their sensitivity to the toxicity of CPENS and prevented CPENS induced apoptosis. Conclusion These results indicate a new drug resisting, mechanism in the tumor cells. High expression of APAO can greatly decrease the sensitivity of tumor cells to the specific polyamine analogues by detoxitying those analogues and prevent analogue induced apoptosis.

  18. 丹皮酚对人肺腺癌A549细胞放射增敏作用机制的研究%Mechanism of radiosensitization effect of paeonol on human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷宇; 金问森; 陈先平; 汪志; 吴珊; 孙国平

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the radiosensitization effect and underlying mechanism of Paeonol on human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 in vitro. Methods Cells were assigned to following groups:control,Paeonol alone,irradiation alone,Paeonol combined with irradiation.The effect of Paeonol on cell proliferation was evaluated by the MTT assay. Clonogenic assay was performed to measure the radiosensitization effect of Paeonol under three concentrations around 20% IC50.Cell apoptosis was determined by TUNEL assay and flow cytometry (FCM).The expression of Survivin protein was analyzed by Western blot.Results Cell growth was inhibited by Paeonol in a dose-dependent manner and the IC50 of Paeonol was (25.2 ± 2.1 ) mg/L. Clonogenic assay showed that Paeonol could markedly enhance cell radiosensitivity and the sensitizing enhancement ratio (SER) was 1.29.After the pretreatment of Paeonol with different concentrations,radiation-induced apoptosis increased with the doses at 24,48,and 72 h post-irradiation ( t =4.95,3.03,3.78,4.59,2.88,3.70,5.54,P < 0.05 ). Moreover,the protein expression of Survivin was obviously down-regulated by 22.6% - 56.7% ( t =4.15,7.30,13.47,P <0.05 ) due to the treatment of Paeonol.When the Paeonol-treated cells were further irradiated with 6 Gy X-rays,the expression of Survivin was reduced to 22.2% - 69.4% ( t =4.30,8.36,16.34,P < 0.05 ).Conclusions Paeonol had radiosensitization effect on the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 in vitro,where the down-regulated Survivin protein might be involved.%目的 探讨丹皮酚在体外对人肺腺癌A549细胞放射增敏作用的机制.方法 采取四甲基偶氮唑盐比色法(MTT),测定丹皮酚对人肺腺癌A549细胞的抑制率.分为细胞对照组、单纯加药组、单纯照射组和药物联合照射组.通过克隆形成实验,观察丹皮酚对人肺腺癌A549细胞放射敏感性的影响.采用TUNEL染色与流式细胞仪,检测肿瘤细胞凋亡率,Western blot法

  19. Construction of Eukaryotic Expression Vector of Human CC10 Gene and Expression of CC10 Protein in Lung Adenocarcinoma A549 Cell Line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    A mammalian expression plasmid pcDNA3.1-hCC10 was constructed and identified, then CC10 protein expression in A549 lung cancer cell line was detected. A 273 bp cDNA fragment was amplified from the total RNA of normal lung tissue by using RT-PCR and cloned into expression plasmid cDNA3.1, and the recombinant plasmid was identified by employing double digestion restriction enzymes HindⅢ and BamH Ⅰ and the cDNA sequence was assayed by the Sanger dideoxymediated chain termination method. The segment was then transfected into the A549 lung cancer cell line. The protein expression of CC10 was detected by immunofluorescence and Western blot.Our results showed that the cDNA fragment included the entire coding region (273 bp). The recombinant eukaryotic cell expression vector of pcDNA3.1-hCC10 was successfully constructed, and the sequence of the insert was identical to the published sequence. A549 cells line transfected with the pcDNA3.1-hCC10 expressed high level of CC10 protein. The recombinant plasmid cDNA3. 1hCC10 may serve as an effective tool for the study of tumorogenesis and tumor treatment.

  20. Integrin αv promotes proliferation by activating ERK 1/2 in the human lung cancer cell line A549.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Shijie; Fan, Limin; Pan, Xufeng; Sun, Yifeng; Zhao, Heng

    2015-02-01

    Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) constitutes ~85% of lung cancers. However, the mechanisms underlying the progression of NSCLC remain unclear. In this study, we found the mRNA and protein expression levels of integrin αv are both increased in NSCLC tissues compared to healthy ones, which indicates that integrin αv may play an important role in NSCLC progression. To further investigate the roles of integrin αv in NSCLC, we overexpressed the integrin αv gene in the NSCLC cell line A549, and found that the cell proliferative ability increased. The apoptosis of A549 cells was inhibited with overexpression of integrin αv. To elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the role of integrin αv in promoting NSCLC progression, we studied the expression of proteins from a number of important pathways associated with tumorigenesis, and found that the extracellular signal regulated protein kinase (ERK)1/2 signaling pathway may be involved in the mediation of the observed integrin αv effects. component of an important pathway for tumorigenesis, the ERK 1/2. Following inhibition of ERK 1/2 signaling, the proliferation of A549 cells induced by integrin αv was reduced, while the inhibition of apoptosis was attenuated. Our findings demonstrate that integrin αv promotes the proliferation of the human lung cancer cell line A549 by activating the ERK 1/2 signaling pathway, which suggests that this pathway may be a promising target for the treatment of human lung cancer.

  1. Polyelectrolytes Multilayers to Modulate Cell Adhesion: A Study of the Influence of Film Composition and Polyelectrolyte Interdigitation on the Adhesion of the A549 Cell Line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muzzio, Nicolás E; Pasquale, Miguel A; Gregurec, Danijela; Diamanti, Eleftheria; Kosutic, Marija; Azzaroni, Omar; Moya, Sergio E

    2016-04-01

    Polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) with different polycation/polyanion pairs are fabricated by the layer-by-layer technique employing synthetic, natural, and both types of polyelectrolytes. The impact of the chemical composition of PEMs on cell adhesion is assessed by studying cell shape, spreading area, focal contacts, and cell proliferation for the A549 cell line. Cells exhibit good adhesion on PEMs containing natural polycations and poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) as polyanion, but limited adhesion is observed on PEMs fabricated from both natural polyelectrolytes. PEMs are then assembled, depositing a block of natural polyelectrolytes on top of a stiffer block with PSS as polyanion. Cell adhesion is enhanced on top of the diblock PEMs compared to purely natural PEMs. This fact could be explained by the interdigitation between polyelectrolytes from the two blocks. Diblock PEM assembly provides a simple means to tune cell adhesion on biocompatible PEMs. PMID:26663657

  2. [Down-regulated βIII-tubulin expression can reverse paclitaxel resistance in A549/taxol cells lines].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuo, Yinling; Guo, Qisen

    2014-08-20

    背景与目的 化疗耐药导致肿瘤很快复发和/或转移,是目前肺癌死亡的主要原因之一。β-tubulin是抗微管药物的主要细胞靶点。已有的研究证明:βIII-tubulin高表达与非小细胞肺癌(non-small cell lung cancer, NSCLC)耐药有关。利用RNA干扰技术沉默耐紫杉醇A549细胞(A549/Taxol)中βIII-tubulin基因表达,探讨靶基因下调后对化疗药物紫杉醇的敏感性的变化以及细胞周期和细胞凋亡情况。方法 构建靶向βIII-tubulin的siRNA,以脂质体为载体介导βIII-tubulin siRNA转染A549/Taxol细胞,利用qRT-PCR检测细胞内βIII-tubulin mRNA的变化情况,并筛选出最佳干扰序列;Western blot法检测A549/Taxol细胞内βIII-tubulin蛋白表达的变化;MTT法检测转染后细胞株对紫杉醇敏感性的变化;流式细胞仪检测细胞周期和细胞凋亡的变化。结果 实时荧光qRT-PCR法显示转染后细胞株靶基因水平较对照组降低,其中βIII-tubulin siRNA-1序列抑制率最高为(87.73±4.87)%(P<0.01);Western blot显示转染后靶蛋白水平较对照组明显降低;MTT法表明紫杉醇处理转染后细胞株的细胞抑制率较对照组明显增加(51.77±4.60)%(P<0.01);细胞凋亡显示βIII-tubulin siRNA+Taxol组细胞早期凋亡率较对照组明显增加(P<0.01),两者的差异有统计学意义;细胞周期检测结果显示紫杉醇处理组的G2/M期细胞百分率高于对照组,且转染后紫杉醇处理组的细胞晚期凋亡率较对照组增加。结论 βIII-tubulin表达下调明显提高A549/Taxol细胞株对Taxol的敏感性。

  3. Effects of Hypoxia on Expression of P-gp and Mutltidrug Resistance Protein in Human Lung Adenocarcinoma A549 Cell Line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIA Shu; YU Shiying; YUAN Xianglin

    2005-01-01

    Summary: To study the effects of hypoxia on the expression of P-gp and mutltidrug resistance protein in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell line, and to explore the probable mechanism of hypoxia in tumor cell of MDR. The expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α, P-gp and mutltidrug resistance protein was immunohistochemically detected by culturing human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell under hypoxia (2 % O2) for 24 h. After interaction with adriamycin or cisplatin under hypoxia (2 % O2) for 24 h, the cell survival rate was detected by MTT. Our results showed that the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α, P-gp and mutltidrug resistance protein under hypoxia were higher than the expression under normoxia, and correlations between the expression of HIF-1α and P-gp or multidrug resistance-associated protein was observed (P<0.05). The resistance of adriamycin of A549 cell was enhanced under hypoxia. It is concluded that the resistance of tumor chemotherapy is enhanced in hypoxia. The expression of HIF-1α is obviously correlated with the expression of P-gp and mutltidrug resistance protein.

  4. Effects of genistein on proliferation and apoptosis of human non-small cell lung cancer cell line A549/DDP%染料木素对非小细胞型肺癌A549/DDP细胞增殖和凋亡的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任彦; 陆红玲; 宋永祥; 李大玉; 徐刚

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察染料木素( genistein)对人非小细胞型肺癌( non small cell lung cancer ,NSCLC) A549/DDP细胞增殖和凋亡的影响。方法:培养A549A549/DDP细胞株,以A549细胞为对照。①MTT法测定A549A549/DDP细胞对顺铂的IC50值、耐药倍数及细胞增殖抑制率;②测定0、1.25、2.5、5.0、10、20、40、60、80μg/ml染料木素作用48 h对A549/DDP细胞增殖的抑制率及IC50值;③用6.25、12.5、25μg/ml染料木素处理A549/DDP细胞24 h后,经流式细胞计量仪检测细胞周期及细胞凋亡情况。结果:①A549A549/DDP细胞对顺铂的IC50值分别为33.6μmol/L和76.9μmol/L,耐药倍数为2.3;细胞增殖抑制率随顺铂浓度增加而逐渐加大;②染料木素对A549/DDP细胞生长的影响,随染料木素浓度增加表现为先促增殖后抑制的作用,其对A549A549/DDP细胞的IC50值分别为85.1μg/ml和80.2μg/ml;③6.25、12.5、25μg/ml染料木素作用于A549/DDP细胞24 h后,随染料木素浓度的增加,停留于G2/M期的细胞数逐渐增多(P<0.05),同时A549/DDP细胞出现凋亡。结论:染料木素可抑制A549/DDP细胞的生长,将细胞阻滞于G2/M期,并诱导细胞凋亡。%Objective:To observe the effects of genistein on proliferation and apoptosis of human non -small cell lung cancer cell line A549/DDP.Methods:①MTT assay was applied to evaluate the resistance index of A 549/DDP cell line to cisplatin and half in-hibitory concentration ( IC50 ) .②Inhibition rate of A549/DDP cell proliferation and IC 50 value were evaluated by MTT assay after treat-ment with 0, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80 μg/ml genistein for 48 hour respectively.③A549/DDP cell cycle and apoptosis were evaluated by flow cytometry after treatment with 6.25, 12.5, 25 μg/ml genistein for 24 hours respectively.Results:①In expo-sing to cisplatin, the IC50 of A549 and A549/DDP was 33.6 μmol/L and 76.9

  5. Evaluation of Synergetic Anticancer Activity of Berberine and Curcumin on Different Models of A549, Hep-G2, MCF-7, Jurkat, and K562 Cell Lines

    OpenAIRE

    Acharya Balakrishna; M. Hemanth kumar

    2015-01-01

    Ayurvedic system of medicine is using Berberis aristata and Curcuma longa herbs to treat different diseases including cancer. The study was performed to evaluate the synergetic anticancer activity of Berberine and Curcumin by estimating the inhibition of the cell proliferation by cytotoxicity assay using MTT method on specified human cell lines (A549, Hep-G2, MCF-7, Jurkat, and K562). All the cells were harvested from the culture and seeded in the 96-well assay plates at seeding density of 2....

  6. Evaluation of the cytotoxicity and the genotoxicity induced by α radiation in an A549 cell line

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Exposure to radon and its progenies represents one of the greatest risks of ionizing radiation from natural sources. Nowadays, these risks are assessed by the extrapolation of biological effects observed from epidemiological data. In the present study, we made a dose response curve, to evaluate the in vitro response of A549 human lung cells to α-radiation resulting from the decay of a 210Po source, evaluated by the cytokinesis blocked micronuclei assay. The clonogenic assay was used to measure the survival cell fraction. As expected, the results revealed an increase of cellular damage with increased doses made evident from the increased number of micronuclei (MN) per binucleated cell (BN). Besides this study involving the biological effects induced by direct irradiation, and due to the fact that radiation-induced genomic instability is thought to be an early event in radiation carcinogenesis, we analyzed the genomic instability in early and delayed untargeted effects, by using the medium transfer technique. The obtained results show that unirradiated cells exposed to irradiated medium reveal a higher cellular damage in earlier effects when compared to the delayed effects. The obtained results may provide clues for the biodosimetric determination of radon dose to airway cells at cumulative exposures.

  7. Evaluation of the cytotoxicity and the genotoxicity induced by {alpha} radiation in an A549 cell line

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belchior, Ana, E-mail: anabelchior@itn.pt [Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear, Estrada Nacional no 10, 2686-953 Sacavem (Portugal) and Universidade de Lisboa, Instituto de Biofisica e Engenharia Biomedica, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa (Portugal); Gil, Octavia Monteiro [Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear, Estrada Nacional no 10, 2686-953 Sacavem (Portugal); Almeida, Pedro [Universidade de Lisboa, Instituto de Biofisica e Engenharia Biomedica, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa (Portugal); Vaz, Pedro [Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear, Estrada Nacional no 10, 2686-953 Sacavem (Portugal)

    2011-09-15

    Exposure to radon and its progenies represents one of the greatest risks of ionizing radiation from natural sources. Nowadays, these risks are assessed by the extrapolation of biological effects observed from epidemiological data. In the present study, we made a dose response curve, to evaluate the in vitro response of A549 human lung cells to {alpha}-radiation resulting from the decay of a {sup 210}Po source, evaluated by the cytokinesis blocked micronuclei assay. The clonogenic assay was used to measure the survival cell fraction. As expected, the results revealed an increase of cellular damage with increased doses made evident from the increased number of micronuclei (MN) per binucleated cell (BN). Besides this study involving the biological effects induced by direct irradiation, and due to the fact that radiation-induced genomic instability is thought to be an early event in radiation carcinogenesis, we analyzed the genomic instability in early and delayed untargeted effects, by using the medium transfer technique. The obtained results show that unirradiated cells exposed to irradiated medium reveal a higher cellular damage in earlier effects when compared to the delayed effects. The obtained results may provide clues for the biodosimetric determination of radon dose to airway cells at cumulative exposures.

  8. The mechanism of CpG ODN enhancing the radiosensitivity of lung cancer cell line A549%CpG ODN增强人肺癌细胞株A549放射增敏作用的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜伟; 孙梯业; 杨春敏; 贾敏; 李静; 史蕊; 唐和兰; 杜斌; 韩全利

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of CpG ODN on the radiosensitivity of lung epithelial cell line A549.Methods The TNF-α,IL-12 and INF-γ secretion by A549 were detected by ELISA;NO level was tested by Griess method ,AP-1 activation within A549 cells was observed using electrophoretic mobility shift assay.Results The inhibitory role was enhanced when CpG ODN 1826(10μg/ml)were combined with β-ray irradiation ,with the increase of TNF-α,IL-2 and INF - γ secretion by cells.CpG ODN1826 combined with β-ray irradiation increased NO leve in A549 cells and inhibited the AP-1 activation within A549 cells.Conclusions CpG ODN1826 can increase the radiosensitivity of lung epithelial cell line A549 and may be tightly related to increasing secretions of IL-12,IFN-γ,TNF-α and NO from cells and the inhibition of AP-1 activation.%目的 初步探讨CpG ODN增强人肺腺上皮细胞株A549放射增敏作用.方法 ELISA法检测细胞TNF-α、IL-12和INF-γ的分泌水平,Griess检测细胞NO的含量并观察CpGODN1826与β射线诱导A549细胞AP-1活化的抑制作用.结果 CpG ODN增加了人肺癌细胞株A549 TNF-α、IL-12、INF-γ和NO的分泌,在联合β射线照射后对A549细胞的杀伤作用更加显著,并显著抑制A549细胞AP-1的活化.结论 CpG ODN对A549有明显的放射增敏作用,其机制可能与CpG ODN增强+4549细胞分泌TNF-α、IL-L2、INF-γ、NO和抑制A549细胞AP-1的活化有关.

  9. Effects of radioactive 125I seeds on A549 cell line and human embryonic lung diploid cell line 2BS cultivated in vitro and assessment of its clinical safety dose

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To observe the cell count changes of A549 cell line and human embryonic lung diploid cell line 2BS after irradiated by 125I seeds with different doses, and to study the growth inhibition of 125I on this two kinds of cell lines, and to determine its clinical safety dose in treatment of non-small cell lung. Methods: 125I seeds with different doses (low dose: 0.2 mCi, mediate dose: 0.4 mCi, high dose: 0.8 mCi) were chosen and put into A549 cells and human embryonic lung diploid cell line 2BS in vitro, the cells on the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th days after irradiation were collected, the alive cells were counted by cells dyeing experiments, then the growth curves were drawn, and the IC50 of the radioactive 125I seeds to both two cell lines were calculated. Results: Compared with blank and control groups, the cell proliferation trend of A549 cells in low dose group was not significantly influenced (P>0.05), but the growth of A549 cells in mediate and high dose groups were inhibited in a time-dependent manner, there were significant differences (P<0.05), the most obvious change was on the 6th day. The IC50 of the radioactive 125I seeds to A549 cells was about .04 mCi. While the growth inhibition of 125I 2BS had no statistically significant differences between various dose groups (P>0.05), and the IC50 of the radioactive 125I seeds to 2BS cell line was about 1.65 mCi. Conclusion: 0.4 mCi of radioactive 125I seeds has already had the obvious damage effect on A549 cell, 0.8 mCi of radioactive 125I seeds has the stronger effect. The IC50 of the radioactive 125I seeds to 2BS cells is about 1.65 mCi, so the clinical safety dosage is 0.4-0.8 mCi. (authors)

  10. Inhibitory Effect of Cantharidin on Proliferation of A549 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiao-hua; YIN Yuan-qin; SUI Cheng-guang; MENG Fan-dong; MA Ping; JIANG You-hong

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To study the inhibition of Cantharidin against the proliferation of human lung cancer A549 cells and its mechanism. Methods: MTT assay was employed to determine the inhibition of Cantharidin against proliferation of A549 cells and flow Cytometry was applied to analyze A549 cell cycle and the effect of Cantharidin on cell cycle. Results: Cantharidin showed inhibition against the proliferation of A549 cells, and the inhibition was mediated by blocking A549 cell cycle at G2/M phase significantly. Conclusion: Cantharidin exhibits inhibition against the proliferation of human lung cancer A549 cells.

  11. Synergistic Antiproliferative Effects of a New Cucurbitacin B Derivative and Chemotherapy Drugs on Lung Cancer Cell Line A549.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marostica, Lucas Lourenço; Silva, Izabella Thaís; Kratz, Jadel Müller; Persich, Lara; Geller, Fabiana Cristina; Lang, Karen Luise; Caro, Miguel Soriano Balparda; Durán, Fernando Javier; Schenkel, Eloir Paulo; Simões, Cláudia Maria Oliveira

    2015-10-19

    Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents an important cause of mortality worldwide due to its aggressiveness and growing resistance to currently available therapy. Cucurbitacins have emerged as novel potential anticancer agents showing strong antiproliferative effects and can be promising candidates for combined treatments with clinically used anticancer agents. This study investigates the synergistic antiproliferative effects of a new semisynthetic derivative of cucurbitacin B (DACE) with three chemotherapy drugs: cisplatin (CIS), irinotecan (IRI), and paclitaxel (PAC) on A549 cells. The most effective combinations were selected for studies of the mechanism of action. Using an in silico tool, DACE seems to act by a different mechanism of action when compared with that of different classes of drugs already used in clinical settings. DACE also showed potent synergic effects with drugs, and the most potent combinations induced G2/M cell cycle arrest by modulating survivin and p53 expression, disruption of F-actin cytoskeleton, and cell death by apoptosis. These treatments completely inhibited the clonogenic potential and did not reduce the proliferation of nontumoral lung cells (MRC-5). DACE also showed relevant antimigratory and anti-invasive effects, and combined treatments modulated cell migration signaling pathways evolved with metastasis progression. The effects of DACE associated with drugs was potentiated by the oxidant agent l-buthionine-sulfoximine (BSO), and attenuated by N-acetilcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant agent. The antiproliferative effects induced by combined treatments were attenuated by a pan-caspase inhibitor, indicating that the effects of these treatments are dependent on caspase activity. Our data highlight the therapeutic potential of DACE used in combination with known chemotherapy drugs and offer important insights for the development of more effective and selective therapies against lung cancer.

  12. Oxidative damage to DNA and repair induced by Norwegian wood smoke particles in human A549 and THP-1 cell lines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Pernille Høgh; Loft, Steffen; Kocbach, Anette;

    2009-01-01

    particulate matter (WSPM), authentic traffic-generated particles, mineral PM and standard reference material (SRM2975) of diesel exhaust particles in human A549 lung epithelial and THP-1 monocytic cell lines. DNA damage was measured as strand breaks (SB) and formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (FPG) sites......Genotoxic effects of traffic-generated particulate matter (PM) are well described, whereas little data are available on PM from combustion of biomass and wood, which contributes substantially to air pollution world wide. The aim of this study was to compare the genotoxicity of wood smoke...

  13. Culture phases, cytotoxicity and protein expressions of agarose hydrogel induced Sp2/0, A549, MCF-7 cell line 3D cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravi, Maddaly; Kaviya, S R; Paramesh, V

    2016-05-01

    Advancements in cell cultures are occurring at a rapid pace, an important direction is culturing cells in 3D conditions. We demonstrate the usefulness of agarose hydrogels in obtaining 3 dimensional aggregates of three cell lines, A549, MCF-7 and Sp2/0. The differences in culture phases, susceptibility to cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity are studied. Also, the 3D aggregates of the three cell lines were reverted into 2D cultures and the protein profile differences among the 2D, 3D and revert cultures were studied. The analysis of protein profile differences using UniProt data base further augment the usefulness of agarose hydrogels for obtaining 3D cell cultures.

  14. Aurora A反义寡核苷酸对肺癌细胞A549的作用和对紫杉醇化疗敏感性的影响%The effect of antisense oligodeoxynucleotides targeting Aurora A kinase on cell proliferation and chemosensitivity to paclitaxel in human lung cancer cell line A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rui Meng; Gang Wu; Jing Cheng; Tao Wang

    2007-01-01

    Objective:Aurora A kinase representing a family of evolutionarily conserved mitotic serine/threonine kinases has been found elevated in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549.It is suggested that the overexpression of Aurora A contributes to the carcinogenesis,chromosomal instability (CIN),and de-differentiation of lung cancers.To address its possibility as a therapeutic target for lung cancer,we employed the antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ASODN) technique to inhibi Aurora A expression and investigate its effects on tumor growth and cell cycle of A549.as well as the chemosensitivilty to paclitaxel.Methods:Aurora A ASODN was synthesized and transfected into A549 cells by lipofectAMINE 2000.Aurora A mRNA and protein expression were examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot respectively.Cell cycle distribution was observed by flow cytometer.MTT assay was used to evaluate cell inhibition ratio before and after transfection.Results:The proliferation of the A549 cell swas inhibited by Aurora AASODN dose and time dependently.It was also observed thal the IC50 of A549 cells after 48 hours'treatmenl of ASODN was about 300 nmol/L and under such circumstances,the Aurora A mRNA and protein expression significantly decreased(P<0.05),along with the induction of accumulation of cells in S phase and the G2-M transition.Furlhermore.cell inhibition ratio of the combination of Aurora AASODN and paclitaxel was higher significantly than paclitaxel(P<0.05)or Aurora AASODN alone (P<0.05).Conclusion:Inhibition of Aurora A expression can result in the suppression of cell growth and chemosensilizina activity to paclitaxel in human lung cancer cell line A549.

  15. Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine on proliferation,migration and invasion of lung cancer cell line A549%川芎嗪对人肺腺癌 A549细胞增殖、迁移和侵袭的作用与机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛媛; 王成; 张晓燕; 杨爱洁; 于洁; 阎超

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨川芎嗪(tetramethylpyrazine,TMP)对人肺腺癌 A549细胞增殖及侵袭的影响。方法:川芎嗪治疗组分别用0.1μg/ ml、1μg/ ml、10μg/ ml、100μg/ ml、250μg/ ml 浓度的川芎嗪干预 A549细胞,同时设无药的阴性对照组及加顺铂的阳性对照组。24、48、72、96小时后,MTT 法检测川芎嗪对 A549细胞株增殖的抑制作用,划痕实验和 Transwell 法观测川芎嗪对 A549细胞株迁移侵袭能力的影响,采用细胞流式术检测川芎嗪对 A549细胞周期和凋亡的干预作用。结果:川芎嗪显著抑制 A549细胞的增殖,抑制 A549的迁移和侵袭,流式细胞术显示川芎嗪诱导 A549细胞发生 G1期阻滞和早期凋亡(P <0.05)。结论:川芎嗪对非小细胞肺癌A549细胞的抑制作用可能是通过诱导 G1期细胞阻滞和早期凋亡引起的。%Objective:To investigate the effect of tetramethylpyrazine(TMP)on the proliferation and invasion of human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549. Methods:TMP treatment groups were treated with 0. 1μg/ ml,1μg/ ml, 10μg/ ml,100μg/ ml,250μg/ ml TMP,and set up drug - free negative control group and positive control group plus cisplatin. 24,48,72,96 hours later,the inhibitory effect of TMP on the proliferation of A549 cell line were detected by MTT method. The effects of TMP on the migration and invasion ability of A549 cell line were observed by scratch test and Transwell assay,and cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by cell flow cytometry. Results:TMP significantly in-hibited the proliferation of A549 cells and inhibited migration and invasion of A549,flow cytometry showed TMP in-duced G1 arrest and early apoptosis in A549 cells(P < 0. 05). Conclusion:The inhibitory effect of TMP on A549 cells in non - small cell lung cancer may be induced by the G1 phase arrest and early apoptosis.

  16. Induction of Apoptotic Effects of Antiproliferative Protein from the Seeds of Borreria hispida on Lung Cancer (A549 and Cervical Cancer (HeLa Cell Lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Rupachandra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A 35 KDa protein referred to as F3 was purified from the seeds of Borreria hispida by precipitation with 80% ammonium sulphate and gel filtration on Sephadex G-100 column. RP-HPLC analysis of protein fraction (F3 on an analytical C-18 column produced a single peak, detected at 220 nm. F3 showed an apparent molecular weight of 35 KDa by SDS PAGE and MALDI-TOF-MS analyses. Peptide mass fingerprinting analysis of F3 showed the closest homology with the sequence of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase of Pyrococcus horikoshii. The protein (F3 exhibited significant cytotoxic activity against lung (A549 and cervical (HeLa cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner at concentrations ranging from 10 µg to 1000 µg/mL, as revealed by the MTT assay. Cell cycle analysis revealed the increased growth of sub-G0 population in both cell lines exposed to a concentration of 1000 µg/mL of protein fraction F3 as examined from flow cytometry. This is the first report of a protein from the seeds of Borreria hispida with antiproliferative and apoptotic activity in lung (A549 and cervical (HeLa cancer cells.

  17. Effect of three fatty acids from the leaf extract of Tiliacora triandra on P-glycoprotein function in multidrug-resistant A549RT-eto cell line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chutima Kaewpiboon

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cancer cells have the ability to develop resistance to chemotherapy drugs, which then leads to a reduced effectiveness and success of the treatment. Multidrug resistance (MDR involves the resistance in the same cell/tissue to a diverse range of drugs of different structures. One of the characteristics of MDR is an overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp, which causes the efflux of the accumulated drug out of the cell. The MDR human non-small cell lung carcinoma cell line with a high P-gp expression level (A549RT-eto was used to investigate the bioactive compounds capable of reversing the etoposide resistance in this cell line. Materials and Methods: The leaves of Tiliacora triandra were sequentially extracted with hexane, dichloromethane, methanol and water. Only the hexane extract reduced the etoposide resistance of the A549RT-eto cell line, and was further fractionated by column chromatography using the TLC-pattern and the restoration of etoposide sensitivity as the selection criteria. Results: The obtained active fraction (F22 was found by nuclear magnetic resonance and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analyses to be comprised of a 49.5:19.6:30.9 (w/w/w mixture of hexadecanoic: octadecanoic acid: (Z-6-octadecenoic acids. This stoichiometric mixture was recreated using pure fatty acids (MSFA and gave a similar sensitization to etoposide and enhanced the relative rate of rhodamine-123 accumulation to a similar extent as F22, supporting the action via reducing P-gp activity. In contrast, the fatty acids alone did not show this effect. Conclusion: This is the first report of the biological activity from the leaves of T. triandra as a potential source of a novel chemosensitizer.

  18. Effects of matrine on the growth inhibition, c-myc and hTERT protein expression in human adenocarcinoma lung cancer cell line A549

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiong CHEN

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective It was reported that telomerase was associated with the oncogenesis and progression of cancer, and to be the common targets of cancer therapy. The mechanism of matrine on lung cancer in vitro is not clear. We studied the effect of matrine on growth of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and the mechanism related with telomerase. Methods MTT was used for measuring A549 cells viability, Hoechst 33342-propidium iodide fluorescent staining for observing apoptotic cells, flow cytometry (FCM for analyzing cell cycle and apoptosis, and immunocytochemistry for measuring the protein expressions of c-myc and hTERT in A549 cells. Results Matrine inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells with a time-dose-dependent manner (P<0.05. Hoechst 33342-propidium iodide staining showed apoptotic cells with chromatin condensation and fragmentation of nuclei. FCM analysis indicated elevating rate of cells in G0/G1 phase, lowering rate of that in S phase and the highering apoptotic rate. The levels of c-myc and hTERT protein expression in the matrine group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05, and AOD of c-myc showed positive correlation with AOD of hTERT (r=0.633, P<0.01 Conclusion The inhibitory effect of matrine on A549 cells may be related to the lower expression of c-myc and hTERT.

  19. Effect of HIF-1α expression inhibition by RNA interference on radiosensitivity and autophagy of hypoxic human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549%RNAi沉默HIF-1α基因调控乏氧肺腺癌A549细胞放射敏感性和自噬能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Background and purpose:Hypoxia induced the decreased radiosensitivity of tumor cells, which was the cause of tumor radioresistance and relapse and metastasis. During the course, HIF-1a played the most important role in the regulation of hypoxia. However, it’s still unknown about the effect of HIF-1a on the radiosensitivity of hypoxia tumor cells and the relationship with autophagy. This study was to inhibit HIF-1αexpression in hypoxic lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 with RNA interference (RNAi), and explore its effect on hypoxic cell radiosensitivity and autophagy. Methods: Plasmids pHIF-1α-shRNA and Neg-shRNA (negative control) were constructed and transfected into hypoxic A549 cells, this positive clone was named A549/HIF-1α-shRNA. Clone formation array was applied to calculate the value of D0, SF2, SER. The expression of HIF-1α, LC3, c-parp was detected by Western blot. Results:The SF2 of hypoxic A549 cell was 0.62, which was higher than that of normoxic A549 cell, SER was 1.45. The level of LC3Ⅱincreased significantly and the level of c-parp decreased after the radiation of hypoxic A549 cell. The level of HIF-1a increased in hypoxic A549 cells. The expression of HIF-1αin hypoxic A549 cells was suppressed markedly after transfection of HIF-1α-shRNA;this clone was named A549/HIF-1α-shRNA. The SF2 and SER were significantly lower in A549/HIF-1α-shRNA cells, 0.45 and 0.72 respectively. Under the hypoxic condition and after the inhibition of HIF-1α, the expression of LC3Ⅱ decreased significantly and the expression of c-parp increased. Conclusion:We successfully established a cell model that HIF-1αexpression was suppressed almost completely by RNAi. The inhibition of HIF-1αby shRNA may raise the radiosensitivity and decrease the autophagy of hypoxic A549 cells in vitro.%  背景与目的:乏氧导致肿瘤细胞放射敏感性下降是引起肿瘤放疗抵抗、复发转移的根源。HIF-1α基因在乏氧调控中起关键作用,但HIF-1

  20. The mRNA and protein expression of folylpolyglutamate synthetase in methotrexate enantiomer-resistant A549 cell lines%氨甲蝶呤对映体耐药A549细胞株中叶酰聚谷氨酸合成酶mRNA和蛋白表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙利; 沈佐君; 何晓东; 孙余婕; 许维东; 李道静; 张白银; 张永娟

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨叶酰聚谷氨酸合成酶(FPGS)在氨甲蝶呤(MTX)对映体[L-(+)-MTX和D-(-)-MTX]耐药A549细胞株中的表达.方法 通过FQ-PCR和Western blot法分别测定肺癌A549细胞株和15μmol/L L-(+)-MTX和D-(-)-MTX两种耐药A549细胞株中FPGS mRNA和蛋白表达.结果 L-(+)-MTX、D-(-)-MTX耐药细胞株中FPGS基因表达的mRNA相对含量分别为肺癌A549细胞株的(0.80±0.09)倍和(2.04±0.34)倍,两组间差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);L-(+)-MTX、D-(-)-MTX耐药细胞株中FPGS的蛋白表达含量分别为对照组肺癌A549细胞株的(0.85±0.12)倍和(1.62±0.24)倍,两组间差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 MTX诱导耐药后细胞株中FPGS mRNA和蛋白均发生变化,且在两种对映体细胞株间具有手性差异.%Objective To study the expression of folylpolyglutamate synthetase ( FPGS ) in methotrexate ( MTX ) enantiomer-resistant A549 cell lines [L-( + )-MTX and D-( - )-MTX ]. Methods The expression of FPGS on genetic and protein level was determined by FQ-PCR and Western blot in lung cancer A549 cells, and MTX enantiomer-resistant A549 cells [ L-( + )-MTX and D-( - )-MTX ], with the concentration of drug resistance was 15 μmol/L. Results The genetic expression level of FPGS was ( 0. 80 ±0. 09 ) and ( 2. 04 ±0. 34 ) folds in L-( + )MTX/A549 cells and D-( - )-MTX/A549 cells compared with lung cancer A549 cells, there was statistical difference between two groups ( P < 0. 05 ). The protein expression level of FPGS was ( 0. 85 ±0. 12 ) and( 1. 62 ± 0. 24 ) folds in L-( + )-MTX/A549 cells and D-( - )-MTX/A549 cells compared with lung cancer A549 cells.there was statistical difference ( P <0. 05 ). Conclusion The expression level of FPGS on genetic and protein level in drug resistant cells have been changed, and significant difference in two enantiomer-resistant cells are appeared.

  1. Artesunate induces AIF-dependent apoptosis in A549 cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Chen-juan; Chen, Tong-Sheng

    2012-03-01

    Artesunate (ART), a semi-synthetic derivative of the sesquiterpene artemisinin extracted from the Chinese herb Artemisia annua, exerts a broad spectrum of clinical activity against human cancers. It has been shown that ART induces cancer cells death through apoptosis pathway. This study investigated whether ART treatment induced reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent cell death in the apoptosis fashion in human lung adenocarconoma A549 cell line and the proapoptotic protein apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) is involved in ART-induced apoptosis. Cells treated with ART exhibited typical apoptotic morphology as chromatin condensation, margination and shrunken nucleus. ART treatment also induced a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and AIF release from mitochondria. Silencing AIF can remarkable attenuated ART-induced apoptosis. Collectively, ART induces apoptosis by caspase-independent intrinsic pathway in A549 cells.

  2. Cyclin Y和Cyclin X在肺癌细胞株A549中的细胞定位和功能%The Function Study and Cell Localization of Cyclin Y and Cyclin X in Lung Cancer Cell Line A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周世杰; 江姝; 赵晓婷; 岳文涛

    2013-01-01

    [Purpose] To construct pEGFP-N1/CCNY vector and pEGFP-N1/CCNX eukaryotic expression vector,and to explore the location and function of CyclinY/CyclinX in lung caner A549 cell.[Methods] CCNY and CCNX genes were amplified from human lung adenocarcinoma cell line H1299 by PCR.The recombinant plasmids pEGFP-N1/CCNY and pEGFP-N1/CCNX were constructed and transfected into A549 cells.The cellular localization and expression of CyclinY and Cyclin X were detected by fluorescence microscopy and Western Blot.[Results] The recombinant plasmid pEGFP-N1/CCNY and pEGFP-N1/CCNX were constructed successfully.Green fluorescence on the surface of transfected cells was found by fluorescence microscope.Western Blot confirmed Cyclin Y,Cyclin X expression.Cyclin Y and Cyclin X located at cellular membrane and nucleus in recombinant plasmid cell respectively.After transfection,A549-CCNY pEGFPN1 cell viability was 1.36±0.02,A549-CCNX pEGFPN cell viability was 11.45 ±0.05,which was higher than that in A549-pEGFPN1 (1.31±0.03) (P all<0.01).[Conclusion] In A549 cell,Cyclin Y and Cyclin X are differently distributed,Cyclin X plays more important role in promoting proliferation than Cyclin Y.%[目的]构建CCNY和CCNX基因的真核表达载体并观察其在人肺癌细胞株A549中的表达及定位,为进一步探讨Cyclin Y、Cyclin X在肺癌中的细胞定位和功能奠定了基础.[方法]以人肺腺癌细胞株H1299 cDNA为模板扩增CCNY和CCNX基因,并构建CCNY和CCNX过表达真核表达载体.应用荧光显微照相及Western Blot方法鉴定该细胞株中Cyclin Y、Cyclin X的定位及表达.[结果]成功构建pEGFP-N1/CCNY和pEGFP-N1/CCNX真核表达载体.荧光显微照相显示绿色荧光,Western Blot检测证实转染重组质粒细胞表达Cyclin Y、Cyclin X蛋白,Cyclin Y和Cyclin X分别定位于胞膜与胞核.A549-pEGFPN1细胞活性为1.31±0.03,而转染后的A549-CCNY pEGFPN1细胞活性为1.36±0.02,A549-CCNX pEGFPN1细胞活性为1.45±0.05(P<0

  3. Exosomes: Decreased Sensitivity of Lung Cancer A549 Cells to Cisplatin

    OpenAIRE

    Xia Xiao; Shaorong Yu; Shuchun Li; Jianzhong Wu; Rong Ma; Haixia Cao; Yanliang Zhu; Jifeng Feng

    2014-01-01

    Exosomes are small extracellular membrane vesicles of endocytic origin released by many cells that could be found in most body fluids. The main functions of exosomes are cellular communication and cellular waste clean-up. This study was conducted to determine the involvement of exosomes in the regulation of sensitivity of the lung cancer cell line A549 to cisplatin (DDP). When DDP was added to A549 cells, exosomes secretion was strengthened. Addition of the secreted exosomes to other A549 cel...

  4. Evaluation of Synergetic Anticancer Activity of Berberine and Curcumin on Different Models of A549, Hep-G2, MCF-7, Jurkat, and K562 Cell Lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acharya Balakrishna

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ayurvedic system of medicine is using Berberis aristata and Curcuma longa herbs to treat different diseases including cancer. The study was performed to evaluate the synergetic anticancer activity of Berberine and Curcumin by estimating the inhibition of the cell proliferation by cytotoxicity assay using MTT method on specified human cell lines (A549, Hep-G2, MCF-7, Jurkat, and K562. All the cells were harvested from the culture and seeded in the 96-well assay plates at seeding density of 2.0 × 104 cells/well and were incubated for 24 hours. Test items Berberine with Curcumin (1 : 1, Curcumin 95% pure, and Berberine 95% pure were exposed at the concentrations of 1.25, 0.001, and 0.5 mg/mL, respectively, and incubated for a period of 48 hours followed by dispensing MTT solution (5 mg/mL. The cells were incubated at 37 ± 1°C for 4 hours followed by addition of DMSO for dissolving the formazan crystals and absorbance was read at 570 nm. Separate wells were prepared for positive control, controls (only medium with cells, and blank (only medium. The results had proven the synergetic anticancer activity of Berberine with Curcumin inducing cell death greater percentage of >77% when compared to pure curcumin with <54% and pure Berberine with <45% on average on all cell line models.

  5. Evaluation of Synergetic Anticancer Activity of Berberine and Curcumin on Different Models of A549, Hep-G2, MCF-7, Jurkat, and K562 Cell Lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balakrishna, Acharya; Kumar, M Hemanth

    2015-01-01

    Ayurvedic system of medicine is using Berberis aristata and Curcuma longa herbs to treat different diseases including cancer. The study was performed to evaluate the synergetic anticancer activity of Berberine and Curcumin by estimating the inhibition of the cell proliferation by cytotoxicity assay using MTT method on specified human cell lines (A549, Hep-G2, MCF-7, Jurkat, and K562). All the cells were harvested from the culture and seeded in the 96-well assay plates at seeding density of 2.0 × 10(4) cells/well and were incubated for 24 hours. Test items Berberine with Curcumin (1 : 1), Curcumin 95% pure, and Berberine 95% pure were exposed at the concentrations of 1.25, 0.001, and 0.5 mg/mL, respectively, and incubated for a period of 48 hours followed by dispensing MTT solution (5 mg/mL). The cells were incubated at 37 ± 1°C for 4 hours followed by addition of DMSO for dissolving the formazan crystals and absorbance was read at 570 nm. Separate wells were prepared for positive control, controls (only medium with cells), and blank (only medium). The results had proven the synergetic anticancer activity of Berberine with Curcumin inducing cell death greater percentage of >77% when compared to pure curcumin with <54% and pure Berberine with <45% on average on all cell line models. PMID:26247019

  6. Reversal effect of toremifene (TOR) on A549 /cDDP lung cancer cell line with resistance to cisplatin%托瑞米芬逆转肺癌耐药细胞株A549/cDDP耐药性的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘利则; 夏莉; 刘玉侠; 段北野

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨托瑞米芬(TOR)对耐顺铂(cDDP)细胞株A549的逆转作用,为临床应用提供实验数据.方法:用不同浓度的托瑞米芬单独及与cDDP联合与耐药细胞A549共同培养,通过MTT法和流式细胞仪法检测其对A549/cDDP的逆转及增敏效果.结果:经不同浓度的托瑞米芬单独及与cDDP联合与耐药细胞A549共同培养后,单独TOR(5 μmol/L、10 μmol/L)对A549/cDDP细胞的增殖均无明显影响,各组间数据无明显差异(P>0.05).当cDDP与TOR联合作用时无论TOR终浓度5 μmol/L或10 μmol/L,均能明显增加cDDP对A549/cDDP细胞的敏感性(P<0.05,P<0.001).其IC50值分别为39.06 μmol/L和30.64 μmol/L,逆转倍数分别为2.05倍和2.65倍.cDDP+TOR终浓度5 μmol/L与cDDP+TOR终浓度10 μmol/L之间除了在cDDP浓度为200 μmol/L时两者有差异(P<0.05)外其它均无明显差异.结论:托瑞米芬与DDP联合应用可以提高A549/cDDP的逆转及治疗效果.%Objective: To investigate the reversal effect of toremifene (TOR) on A549/cDDP lung cancer cell line, which resistance to cisplatin, and provide the experimental data for clinical application. Methods: A549 cell line was cultured with different concentrations of toremifene, with or without cisplatin. Sensitive effect of toremifene on A549/cDDP was measured by MTT assay. The cell apoptotic activity was determined with Annexin V/PI staining by flow cytometry. Results:Using TOR (5 μmol / L, 10 μmol / L) alone had no significant effect on proliferation of A549/cDDP cell line (P > 0. 05) , but TOR combined with cDDP (the final concentration of TOR was 5 (μmol/Lor 10 μmol/L) significantly increased the sensitive effect of A549/cDDP cells to cDDP (P<0.05, P< 0. 001) . The value of IC50 elevated up to 39. 06 μmol/L and 30. 64 μmol/L, and the fold of reversal effect was 2. 05 and 2. 65 times, respectively. In addition to 200 μmol/L of cDDP, there was no significant differences between 5 μmol/L and 10 μmol/L of cDDP combined

  7. Gracilaria edulis exhibit antiproliferative activity against human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 without causing adverse toxic effect in vitro and in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakthivel, Ravi; Muniasamy, Samuthirapandi; Archunan, Govindaraju; Devi, Kasi Pandima

    2016-02-01

    In the present study, the antiproliferative potential of various solvent extracts of Gracilaria edulis (GE) was tested against various cancer cell lines. In the A549 lung cancer cell line model, GE ethyl acetate extract (GEEA) (100 μg mL(-1)) treated group showed the maximum and significant (P < 0.05) growth inhibition at 48 h. The IC50 value was found to be 24.5 ± 19.1 μg mL(-1) at 48 h. Moreover, a low level of LDH release was observed at 48 h at various concentrations of (40, 60, 80 and 100 μg mL(-1)) GEEA extract-treated group compared to a control group. Changes in the cell morphology and echinoid spikes formation were observed at 48 h. Safety evaluation of GEEA in a non-cancerous liver cell line, PBMC and in Wistar rats positively revealed that the extract did not show any adverse toxic effects. The GEEA extract was partially purified by column chromatography and the active fraction was characterized through LC-MS analysis. Furthermore, HPLC and FT-IR analysis of the active fractions confirmed the presence of phytol, a diterpene compound with potent antiproliferative activity, which positively suggests that the red alga G. edulis contains a potent anticancer active principle.

  8. THE EFFECT OF IRISQUINONE ON THE GLUTATHIONE SYSTEM AND MRP EXPRESSION OF CISPLATIN-RESISTANT HUMAN LUNG ADENOCARCINOMA CELL LINE (A549DDP)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANG; li

    2001-01-01

    [1] Li DH. A novel radiosensitizer "ANKA" for tumor (Irisquinone) [J]. Chin J Clin Oncol 1999; 26:153.[2]Bordow SB, Haber M, Madafiglio J, et al. Expression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) gene correlates with amplification and overexpression of the N-myc oncogene in childhood neuroblastoma [J]. Cancer Res 1994; 54:5036.[3]Cai P, Liu XY, Han FS, et al. Establishment human lung adenocarcinoma cisplatin-resistant cell line A549DDP and the mechanism of its drug resistance [J]. Chin J Clin Oncol 1995; 22:582.[4]Cai P, Liu XY, Wang P. The value of glutathione reductase recycling assay measurement of content of glutathione in human plasma during tumor chemotherapy [J]. Chin J Clin Oncol l994; 21:717.[5]Zhan MC, Liu XY, Cai P, et al. Mechanism of resistance of human cell line A549DDP to cisplatin [J]. Chin J Clin Oncol 1998; 25:726.[6]Wang J, Liu XY, Wu MN, et al. Expression and reversion of drug resistance- and apoptosis- related genes of a DDP-resistant lung adeno-carcinoma cell line A549DDP [J]. Chin J Oncol 1999; 21:422.[7]Ishikawa T. The ATP-dependent glutathione S-conjugate export pump [J]. Treads Biol Sci 1992; 17:463.[8]Goto S, Yoshida K, Morikawa T, et al. Augmen-tation of transport for cisplatin-glutathione adduct in cisplatin-resistant cancer cells [J]. Cancer Res 1995; 55:4297.[9]Fujil R, Mutoh M, Sumizama T, et al. Adenosine triphosphate-dependent transport of leukotriene C4 by membrane vesicles prepared from cis-platinum-resistant human epidermoid carcinoma tumor cells [J]. JNCI 1994; 86:1781.[10]Ishikawa T, Ali-Osman F. Glutathion-associated cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) metabolism and ATP-dependent efflux from leukemia cells [J]. J Biol Chem 1993; 268:20116.[11]Ishikawa T, Wrighe CE, Ishizuka H. GS-X pumq is function ally overexpressed in cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum (II)-resistant human leukemia HL-60 cells and downregulated by cell differentiation [J]. J Biol Chem 1994; 269: 29085.

  9. Endostar combined with cryoablation for subcutaneous xenografted tumor model of lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 in BALB/c nude mice: an experimental study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the inhibitory effect of Endostar combined with cryoablation on Lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 in BALB/c nude mice, and to discuss its interaction mechanisms. Methods: The lung adenocarcinoma A549 model in BALB/c nude mice were established. When the largest diameter of tumor reached 1.0 cm, a total of 24 mice were randomly and equally divided into 4 groups: control group, Endostar group, cryoablation group and cryoablation plus Endostar group. The largest diameter and the vertical diameter of the tumors were measured at different points of time after treatment. At the 21st day, the mice were sacrificed and the tumors were removed and the rate of tumor cell apoptosis, the microvessel density (MVD) and the expression level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were determined by using immunohistochemistry method. The results were statistically analyzed. Results: The tumor growth velocity of the control group, Endostar group, cryoablation group and cryoablation plus Endostar group was (2.36.68±51.23)%, (220.02±30.61)%, (159.46±29.33)% and (103.34±25.50)%, respectively (P<0.01). The rate of apoptosis of the four groups was (21.67±2.34)%, (22.17±1.47)%, (38.33±1.37)% and (49.17±1.72)%, respectively (P<0.01). The MVD and the expression levels of VEGF of the cryoablation plus Endostar group were significantly lower than those of the other three groups (P<0.01). Statistical analysis revealed that a positive correlation existed between the express of VEGF and MVD. Conclusion: Endostar can obviously enhance the therapeutic efficacy of cryoablation on lung adenocarcinoma A549 in BALB/c nude mice. The underlying mechanisms may be the Endostar-inhibited angiogenesis through down-regulating the expression of VEGF, and the cooperative effect of Endostar and cryoablation on the promotion of tumor cell apoptosis. (authors)

  10. Association of advanced glycation end products with A549 cells, a human pulmonary epithelial cell line, is mediated by a receptor distinct from the scavenger receptor family and RAGE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakano, Nahoko; Fukuhara-Takaki, Kaori; Jono, Tadashi; Nakajou, Keisuke; Eto, Nobuaki; Horiuchi, Seikoh; Takeya, Motohiro; Nagai, Ryoji

    2006-05-01

    Cellular interactions with advanced glycation end products (AGE)-modified proteins are known to induce several biological responses, not only endocytic uptake and degradation, but also the induction of cytokines and growth factors, combined responses that may be linked to the development of diabetic vascular complications. In this study we demonstrate that A549 cells, a human pulmonary epithelial cell line, possess a specific binding site for AGE-modified bovine serum albumin (AGE-BSA) (K(d) = 27.8 nM), and additionally for EN-RAGE (extracellular newly identified RAGE binding protein) (K(d) = 118 nM). Western blot and RT-PCR analysis showed that RAGE (receptor for AGE) is highly expressed on A549 cells, while the expression of other known AGE-receptors such as galectin-3 and SR-A (class A scavenger receptor), are below the level of detection. The binding of (125)I-AGE-BSA to these cells is inhibited by unlabeled AGE-BSA, but not by EN-RAGE. In contrast, the binding of (125)I-EN-RAGE is significantly inhibited by unlabeled EN-RAGE and soluble RAGE, but not by AGE-BSA. Our results indicate that A549 cells possess at least two binding sites, one specific for EN-RAGE and the other specific for AGE-BSA. The latter receptor on A549 cells is distinct from the scavenger receptor family and RAGE.

  11. MiR-92b regulates the cell growth, cisplatin chemosensitivity of A549 non small cell lung cancer cell line and target PTEN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan; Li, Li; Guan, Yan; Liu, Xiuju; Meng, Qingyong; Guo, Qisen

    2013-11-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged to play important roles in tumorigenesis and drug resistance of human cancer. Fewer studies were explored the roles of miR-92b on human lung cancer cell growth and resistance to cisplatin (CDDP). In this paper, we utilized real-time PCR to verify miR-92b was significantly up-regulated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues compared to matched adjacent normal tissues. In vitro assay demonstrated that knock-down of miR-92b inhabits cell growth and sensitized the A549/CDDP cells to CDDP. Furthermore, we found miR-92b could directly target PTEN, a unique tumor suppressor gene, which was downregulated in lung cancer tissues compared to the matched adjacent normal tissues. These data indicate that the miR-92b play an oncogene roles by regulates cell growth, cisplatin chemosensitivity phenotype, and could serve as a novel potential maker for NSCLC therapy. PMID:24099768

  12. The effect of Bcl-2 gene silencing on the sensitivity of cell line A549 to chemotherapeutic drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王姣琦

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of miRNA-mediated down-regulation of the Bcl-2gene on the chemotherapeutic sensitivities and mRNA transcriptions of sensitivity associated genes in human lung adenocarcinoma cell

  13. Effect of siRNA-mediated silencing Bmi-1 gene expression on the proliferation of lung cancer cell line A549 in vitro and in vivo%Bmi-1-siRNA对肺腺癌A549细胞体内外增殖能力的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑翔宇; 朱杰; 王艺芳; 刘纯青; 刘奔; 杨春辉; 刘丹丹; 孟秀香

    2013-01-01

    背景与目的:原癌基因Bmi-1是多梳基因家族中的一员,能调节正常干细胞和肿瘤干细胞的自我更新能力。近年来发现其在多种恶性肿瘤中表达上调。本文旨在观察Bmi-1基因沉默对肺腺癌A549细胞体内外增殖的影响,并初步探讨其机制。方法:根据本实验室设计的4条针对Bmi-1的小干扰RNA(siRNA)序列,选择一条已经证实最有效的序列作为靶序列和一条随机序列作为阴性对照,构建重组逆转录病毒siRNA表达载体并将其转染入A549细胞中;应用RT-PCR和蛋白质印迹法(Western blot)检测对Bmi-1基因的沉默效果;应用MTT比色法、台盼蓝拒染法及平板克隆形成实验检测Bmi-1-siRNA对A549细胞体外增殖的影响;利用流式细胞仪分析各组细胞的细胞周期;通过裸鼠腋窝皮下接种各组细胞,观察Bmi-1-siRNA对A549细胞在裸鼠体内的致瘤能力的影响;Western blot检测PTEN、p-AKT、cyclin D1、P21、P27蛋白表达。结果:Bmi-1-siRNA有效地沉默了Bmi-1基因mRNA和蛋白的表达;沉默Bmi-1基因的表达能够抑制A549细胞的体内外增殖能力,使干扰组细胞的细胞周期阻滞于G1期;沉默Bmi-1基因的表达后,干扰组细胞中PTEN、P21、P27蛋白增加,p-AKT、cyclin D1蛋白表达降低。结论:Bmi-1-siRNA通过使细胞周期阻滞于G1期来抑制肺腺癌A549的体内外增殖能力,这种抑制作用涉及cyclin D1和p-AKT表达下降以及P21/P27和PTEN的表达上调。%Background and purpose:The pro-oncogene Bmi-1 is a member of the polycomb-group family, can regulation of the proliferation and self-renewal of normal and tumor stem cells. In recent years, Bmi-1 has been found that it is overexpressed in varieties of human malignant tumors. The study aimed to observe the effects of Bmi-1-siRNA on the growth capacity of lung cancer cell line A549 in vivo and in vivo, and explore its mechanism. Methods:The most effective one as a target

  14. Radiation-induced p53 protein response in the A549 cell line is culture growth-phase dependent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, N.F.; Gurule, D.M.; Carpenter, T.R.

    1995-12-01

    One role of the p53 tumor suppressor protein has been recently revealed. Kastan, M.B. reported that p53 protein accumulates in cells exposed to ionizing radiation. The accumulation of p53 protein is in response to DNA damage, most importantly double-strand breaks, that results from exposure to ionizing radiation. The rise in cellular p53 levels is necessary for an arrest in the G{sub 1} phase of the cell cycle to provide additional time for DNA repair. The p53 response has also been demonstrated to enhance PCNA-dependent repair. p53 is thus an important regulator of the cellular response to DNA-damaging radiation. From this data, it can be concluded that the magnitude of the p53 response is not dependent on the phase of culture growth.

  15. Smad2/3-Regulated Expression of DLX2 Is Associated with Radiation-Induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition and Radioresistance of A549 and MDA-MB-231 Human Cancer Cell Lines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeo-Jin Choi

    Full Text Available The control of radioresistance and metastatic potential of surviving cancer cells is important for improving cancer eradication by radiotheraphy. The distal-less homeobox2 (DLX2 gene encodes for a homeobox transcription factor involved in morphogenesis and its deregulation was found in human solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. Here we investigated the role of DLX2 in association with radiation-induced epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT and stem cell-like properties and its regulation by Smad2/3 signaling in irradiated A549 and MDA-MB-231 human cancer cell lines. In irradiated A549 and MDA-MB-231 cells, EMT was induced as demonstrated by EMT marker expression, phosphorylation of Smad2/3, and migratory and invasive ability. Also, irradiated A549 and MDA-MB-231 cells showed increased cancer stem cells (CSCs marker. Interestingly, DLX2 was overexpressed upon irradiation. Therefore, we examined the role of DLX2 in radiation-induced EMT and radioresistance. The overexpression of DLX2 alone induced EMT, migration and invasion, and CSC marker expression. The reduced colony-forming ability in irradiated cells was partially restored by DLX2 overexpression. On the other hand, the depletion of DLX2 using si-RNA abolished radiation-induced EMT, CSC marker expression, and phosphorylation of Smad2/3 in irradiated A549 and MDA-MB-231 cells. Also, depletion of DLX2 increased the radiation sensitivity in both cell lines. Moreover, knockdown of Smad2/3, a key activator of TGF-β1 pathway, abrogated the radiation-induced DLX2 expression, indicating that radiation-induced DLX2 expression is dependent on Smad2/3 signaling. These results demonstrated that DLX2 plays a crucial role in radioresistance, radiation-induced EMT and CSC marker expression, and the expression of DLX2 is regulated by Smad2/3 signaling in A549 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines.

  16. Smad2/3-Regulated Expression of DLX2 Is Associated with Radiation-Induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition and Radioresistance of A549 and MDA-MB-231 Human Cancer Cell Lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Yeo-Jin; Baek, Ga-Young; Park, Hae-Ran; Jo, Sung-Kee; Jung, Uhee

    2016-01-01

    The control of radioresistance and metastatic potential of surviving cancer cells is important for improving cancer eradication by radiotheraphy. The distal-less homeobox2 (DLX2) gene encodes for a homeobox transcription factor involved in morphogenesis and its deregulation was found in human solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. Here we investigated the role of DLX2 in association with radiation-induced epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and stem cell-like properties and its regulation by Smad2/3 signaling in irradiated A549 and MDA-MB-231 human cancer cell lines. In irradiated A549 and MDA-MB-231 cells, EMT was induced as demonstrated by EMT marker expression, phosphorylation of Smad2/3, and migratory and invasive ability. Also, irradiated A549 and MDA-MB-231 cells showed increased cancer stem cells (CSCs) marker. Interestingly, DLX2 was overexpressed upon irradiation. Therefore, we examined the role of DLX2 in radiation-induced EMT and radioresistance. The overexpression of DLX2 alone induced EMT, migration and invasion, and CSC marker expression. The reduced colony-forming ability in irradiated cells was partially restored by DLX2 overexpression. On the other hand, the depletion of DLX2 using si-RNA abolished radiation-induced EMT, CSC marker expression, and phosphorylation of Smad2/3 in irradiated A549 and MDA-MB-231 cells. Also, depletion of DLX2 increased the radiation sensitivity in both cell lines. Moreover, knockdown of Smad2/3, a key activator of TGF-β1 pathway, abrogated the radiation-induced DLX2 expression, indicating that radiation-induced DLX2 expression is dependent on Smad2/3 signaling. These results demonstrated that DLX2 plays a crucial role in radioresistance, radiation-induced EMT and CSC marker expression, and the expression of DLX2 is regulated by Smad2/3 signaling in A549 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines. PMID:26799321

  17. Effects of epigallocatechin gallate on cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity in HEK293 and A549 cell lines%EGCG对顺铂损伤HEK293细胞及杀伤A549细胞的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连燕娜; 郭淑琴; 周绮云; 高兆兰; 王海; 高丽萍

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨表儿茶素没食子酸酯(EGCG)对顺铂(DDP)致人胚肾HEK293细胞损伤及对DDP杀伤人肺癌A549细胞的影响.方法:体外培养HEK293细胞和A549细胞,分为对照组、DDP组和DDP+EGCG组,DDP组和DDP+EGCG组同时建立DDP损伤模型,MTT法检测EGCG和/或DDP对HEK293细胞和A549细胞存活率的影响.结果:EGCG对HEK293细胞的IC50值为61.6 mg/L.当EGCG浓度<40 mg/L时,对DDP诱导的HEK293细胞损伤没有显著性影响,EGCG浓度≥40 mg/L时,可显著性增强DDP对HEK293细胞的损伤作用.EGCG对A549细胞的IC50值为33.6 mg/L.当EGCG浓度≥32 mg/L时,可显著增强DDP对A549细胞的杀伤作用.结论:EGCG对DDP所致HEK293细胞损伤无保护作用,但EGCG对癌细胞毒性作用大于其对正常细胞的毒性,且当EGCG与DDP同时使用时可以加重A549细胞损伤.

  18. 叶酰聚谷氨酸合成酶基因在甲氨蝶呤对映体获得性耐药A549细胞株中的表达差异%Differential gene expression of folylpolyglutamate synthetase in cytoplasm and mitochondria in acquired methotrexate enantiomers resistant to lung cancer A549 cell lines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周红艳; 何晓东; 孙余婕; 凡任芝; 孙利; 沈佐君

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究不同甲氨蝶呤(MTX)对映体耐药与叶酰聚谷氨酸合成酶(FPGS)基因水平表达的关系.方法 用大剂量冲击递增结合低剂量持续诱导法诱导获得两组含不同构型15~55μmol/L浓度的MTX对映体[L-(+)-MTX和D-(-)-MTX]耐药的细胞系,细胞为人源非小细胞性肺癌A549细胞,用四甲基偶氮唑盐(MTT)法检测各细胞系的耐药指数;用实时荧光定量聚合酶链反应(RFQ-PCR)方法检测这两组各细胞系中胞质型FPGS(cFPGS)和线粒体型FPGS(mFPGS)基因的相对含量.结果 D-(-)-MTX耐药细胞组耐药指数高于L-(+)-MTX耐药细胞组(32.7±9.3比11.5±2.9,P<0.05),L-(+)-MTX/A549细胞系耐药指数均在5~15之间,为中度耐药,而D-(-)-MTX/A549细胞系耐药指数均>15,为高度耐药.在D-(-)-MTX和L-(+)-MTX两组耐药细胞系中,mFPGS表达水平仪在MTX为15 μmol/L时差异无统计学意义,在MTX其他各浓度点两组间差异均有统计学意义(25 μmol/L:2.3±0.9比1.3±0.7,35 μnol/L:2.6±0.3比1.1±0.9,45 μmol/L:1.4±0.8比1.0±1.0,55 μmol/L;1.0±0.2比0.2±0.1均P<0.05);cFPGS表达水平在MTX为15μmol/L时两组间差异也同样无统计学意义,在25~55 μmol/L浓度区间内D-(-)-MTX/A549细胞系的cFPGS表达与耐药指数呈现高度负相关(r=-0.95,P<0.05).结论 在A549细胞中MTX对映体初次剂量15 μmol/L冲击法诱导获得的对映体耐药与再次接受更大剂量(≥25 μmol/L)MTX诱导获得耐药的机制不同,D-(-)-MTX/A549耐药细胞系表现为更高的耐药性,提示临床使用MTX时应考虑该药物存在手性对映体问题.%Objective To investigate the relationship between the resistance of methotrexate (MTX) enantiomer and the gene expression levels of folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS).Methods The cell lines of MTX enantiomer resistance from 15 -55 μmol/L were obtained when the A549 cell lines were exposed intermittently and progressively to an incremental dose of each MTX enantiomer.The resistant

  19. Src激酶抑制剂对人肺癌顺铂耐药细胞A549/DDP多药耐药性的影响及机制%Role and mechanism of Src tyrosine kinase inhibitor on multi-drug resistance of human cis-platinum-resistant lung cancer cell line A549/DDP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田梅

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect and mechanism of the Src kinase inhibitor PP2 on the multi-drug resistance of human cis-platinum-resistant lung cancer cell line A549/DDP. Methods After treatment of A549/DDP cells with 5 and 10 μmol · L-1 Src kinase inhibitor PP2 for 24 h, Western blot was used to investigate the change of the tumor cell Src phosphorylation, MTS assay was used to examine the anti-tumor drug sensitivity change,and flow cytometry was used to investigate the P-gp expression alteration, Western blot and real-time PCR was used to investigate the change of the tumor cell MDR1 protein and mRNA expression. Results The Src kinase inhibitor PP2 could down-regulate the Src phosphorylation in A549/DDP cells,after treatment with 5 and 10 μmol·L-1 PP2. The cis-platinum sensitivity increased 1. 37-fold and 2. 47-fold for A549/DDP cells respectively. And the cellular P-glycoprotein(P-gp) expression was 65. 2% ,and 46. 4% of the control respectively. The protein expression of MDR1 was significantly decreased,and the mRNA expression of MDR1 was 50. 24% and 37. 6% of the control respectively. Conclusion Src kinase inhibitor PP2 could reverse the multi-drug resistance in A549/DDP cells,and the mechanism may involve the down-regulation of the cell MDR1 expression.%目的 研究Src激酶抑制剂PP2对人肺癌顺铂耐药细胞A549/DDP多药耐药性的影响及机制.方法 以5和10 μmol·L-1 Src激酶抑制剂PP2作用A549/DDP细胞24 h后,应用Western blot考察肿瘤细胞Src磷酸化表达的变化,MTT法检测细胞的药物敏感性,流式细胞仪考察细胞P-gp表达的变化,Western blot及Real-time PCR考察肿瘤细胞MDR1蛋白及mRNA表达的变化.结果 Src激酶抑制剂PP2可下调A549/DDP细胞Src磷酸化表达,5和10 μmol·L-1 Src激酶抑制剂PP2作用后,顺铂对A549/DDP细胞的药物敏感性分别提高了1.37和2.47倍,细胞P-gp表达分别为对照组的65.2%和46.4%,MDR1在蛋白水平表达显著降低,MDR1在mRNA水平

  20. 托瑞米芬协同顺铂对人肺癌细胞株A549的影响%Synergistic effect of toremifene and cisplatin on human lung cancer cell line A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪艳; 李强; 韩一平; 刘忠令

    2002-01-01

    目的研究托瑞米芬(TOR)对人肺腺癌细胞系A549的毒性作用及其与顺铂(DDP)联用的协同效应,探讨肺癌综合治疗的方向.方法用MTT显色法检测TOR及与DDP联用后对A549细胞的毒性作用,测定其吸光度(A)值.用流式细胞仪检测细胞DNA含量,Western blot 法检测p21蛋白表达.结果 TOR能直接抑制A549细胞的生长,≥5 μmol/L 的TOR可明显增强DDP的细胞毒性作用.TOR可加强DDP对S期、G2期及M期细胞的作用,且DDP+TOR后p21蛋白表达增加.结论≥5 μmol/L的TOR与DDP联用对A549细胞具有显著的协同抗肿瘤效应.

  1. Identification and Isolation of Cancer Stem Cells from A549 Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui XIA

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Lung cancer stem cells are the root causes of lung cancer malignant phenotype and potential therapeutic target, the aim of this study is to isolate and characterize the cancer stem cells in the lung adenoearcinomas cell line A549, so as to provide an experimental basis for further stem cell research. Methods The cancer stem cells were isolated from the lung adenoearcinomas cell line A549 using FACS. And the difference of colony formation, cell proliferation and tumorigenicity in vitro were also tested. The expression of CD133 and ABCG2 were evaluated by RT-PCR and Western blot. Results The percentage of SP cells was 5.93% of A549 and 0.32% of A549 after incubation with verapamil. The results showed that there were significantly higher expression of CD133 and ABCG2 on SP cells than that of non-SP cells. And the ability of colony formation, cell proliferation and tumorigenicity in SP cell group were remarkably higher than that in non-SP cell group. Conclusion Our results suggested that the cancer stem cells with higher expression of CD133 and ABCG2 can be isolated from the lung adenoearcinomas cell line A549 using FACS and be used in the further research experiments.

  2. The expression and significance of PTEN and mTOR in A549 and pemetrexed-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cancer cell line A549%PTEN及mTOR在人肺腺癌培美曲塞耐药株A549/PEM中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丹; 王红阳; 黄艳; 王立民

    2016-01-01

    目的:应用高浓度反复间歇法建立人肺腺癌A549培美曲塞耐药细胞株A549/PEM,探讨PTEN、mTOR在人肺腺癌亲本株A549及培美曲塞诱导人肺腺癌耐药株A549/PEM中的表达变化.方法:采用终浓度为500ng/ml的培美曲塞反复间歇冲击建立人肺腺癌A549培美曲塞耐药细胞株A549/PEM,MTT法检测细胞耐药性.RT-PCR、Western blot分别检测PTEN、mTOR在A549A549/PEM细胞的mRNA及蛋白表达变化.结果:A549/PEM耐药指数为26.87±1.81,较亲本株A549升高约27倍.RT-PCR检测mRNA表达示A549/PEM的PTEN及mTOR基因表达与A549相比均表达上调(P=0.023;P <0.01);Western blot检测蛋白表达示A549/PEM的PTEN及mTOR蛋白表达与A549相比均表达上调(P<0.01;P =0.04).结论:高浓度反复间歇法可成功建立人肺腺癌A549培美曲塞耐药细胞株模型;PTEN、mTOR表达变化可能与培美曲塞获得性耐药相关.

  3. Effect of artemether on the poliferation of human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549%蒿甲醚对人肺腺癌A549细胞体外生长的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭燕; 王俊; 章必成; 陈正堂

    2007-01-01

    目的:研究抗疟疾药物蒿甲醚(Artemether)对人肺腺癌A549细胞株体外生长的影响,为蒿甲醚治疗肺癌提供实验依据. 方法:采用单四唑(MTT)比色法检测蒿甲醚对体外培养的人肺腺癌A549细胞的生长抑制作用;用细胞计数法绘制细胞生长曲线,计算对数生长期群体倍增时间;用流式细胞术研究蒿甲醚对细胞周期的影响;采用苏木精-伊红(H-E)染色在光镜下观察凋亡细胞的形态学特征. 结果:蒿甲醚对A549细胞株的半数抑制浓度(IC50)为1.34 mg/L.A549肺腺癌细胞对数生长期群体倍增时间在蒿甲醚作用后(20.7±0.5)h,对照组为(32.2±0.3 )h,两组比较有显著性差异(P< 0.01).A549细胞经蒿甲醚作用后G1期细胞百分比增加(P<0.01),G2或S期细胞减少(P<0.01),凋亡率明显增加(P<0.01). 结论:蒿甲醚对人肺腺癌A549细胞株生长具有显著抑制作用;蒿甲醚的细胞毒作用与其诱导肿瘤细胞凋亡有关.

  4. The antitumor effect of tanshinone IIA on anti-proliferation and decreasing VEGF/VEGFR2 expression on the human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cell line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Xie

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The effects of tanshinone IIA on the proliferation of the human non-small cell lung cancer cell line A549 and its possible mechanism on the VEGF/VEGFR signal pathway were investigated. The exploration of the interaction between tanshinone IIA and its target proteins provides a feasible platform for studying the anticancer mechanism of active components of herbs. The CCK-8 assay was used to evaluate the proliferative activity of A549 cells treated with tanshinone IIA (2.5−80 μmol/L for 24, 48 and 72 h, respectively. Flow cytometry was used for the detection of cell apoptosis and cell cycle perturbation. VEGF and VEGFR2 expression were studied by Western blotting. The binding mode of tanshinone IIA within the crystal structure of the VEGFR2 protein was evaluated with molecular docking analysis by use of the CDOCKER algorithm in Discovery Studio 2.1. The CCK-8 results showed that tanshinone IIA can significantly inhibit A549 cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Flow cytometry results showed that the apoptosis rate of tested group was higher than the vehicle control, and tanshinone IIA-treated cells accumulated at the S phase, which was higher than the vehicle control. Furthermore, the expression of VEGF and VEGFR2 was decreased in Western blot. Finally, molecular docking analysis revealed that tanshinone IIA could be stably docked into the kinase domain of VEGFR2 protein with its unique modes to form H-bonds with Cys917 and π–π stacking interactions with Val848. In conclusion, tanshinone IIA may suppress A549 proliferation, induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at the S phase. This drug may suppress angiogenesis by targeting the protein kinase domains of VEGF/VEGFR2.

  5. 依维莫司对人非小细胞肺癌细胞系A549放射增敏作用%Effect of Everolimus on Radiosensitivity of Human Non_small Cell Lung Cancer Cell Line A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈豫; 褚倩; 郭娟; 黄玉; 李文雯; 田逸俊; 夏曙; 于世英

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过使用哺乳动物雷帕霉素靶蛋白mTOR抑制药依维莫司抑制A549细胞mTOR信号通路,研究依维莫司是否具有放射增敏作用。方法单纯放射治疗(放疗)或联合依维莫司作用于人非小细胞肺癌细胞系A549,采用噻唑蓝( MTT)法测定依维莫司对A549细胞抑制率并计算半数抑制浓度( IC50)。应用药物20%抑制浓度( IC20)作用24 h后X线2,4,6,8 Gy照射。计算细胞克隆存活分数及多靶单击模型拟合生存曲线,并计算平均致死剂量( D0)、准阈剂量(Dq)、照射剂量2 Gy下细胞存活分数(SF2)和放射增敏比(SER)。采用Western blot 方法检测γ_H2AX蛋白的表达,并分析相对灰度值。结果依维莫司联合放疗可明显提高A549细胞对射线的敏感性,依维莫司+照射组D0、Dq及SF2均明显低于单纯照射组,SER为1.36。依维莫司+照射组X线照射后24 h点γ_H2AX蛋白残余量明显高于单纯照射组。结论依维莫司抑制mTOR信号通路能够提高A549细胞的放射敏感性。%Objective To exPlore the effect of mammalian target of raPamycin ( mTOR ) inhibitor eVerolimus on radiosensitiVity of human non_small cell lung cancer cell line in vitro by using eVerolimus to inhibit mTOR signaling Pathway of A549. Methods Human non_small cell lung cancer cell line A549 was subjected to radiation alone or in combination with eVerolimus treatment. The 50%inhibition concentration ( IC50 ) of eVerolimus in A549 cells was detected by methylthiazol tetrazolium ( MTT) assay in vitro. EVerolimus at the 20%inhibition concentration ( IC20 ) was used to Pretreat A549 cells for 24 h. Cells were then irradiated by X_ray with 2,4,6,8 Gy. The cell surViVal fraction was comPuted by clone formation. Cell surViVal curVe was fitted by multitarget one_hit model, and mean lethal dose ( D0 ), dose quasithreshold ( Dq ), surViVal fraction at 2 Gy ( SF2 ), and sensitization enhancement ratio (SER) were calculated. The exPression ofγ_H2AX was

  6. Biochemical synthesis of silver nanoprticles using filamentous fungi Penicillium decumbens (MTCC-2494) and its efficacy against A-549 lung cancer cell line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majeed, Shahnaz; Abdullah, Mohd Syafiq Bin; Dash, Gouri Kumar; Ansari, Mohammed Tahir; Nanda, Anima

    2016-08-01

    Biosynthesis of silver and other metallic nanoparticles is one of the emerging research area in the field of science and technology due to their potentiality, especially in the field of nano-biotechnology and biomedical sciences in order to develop nanomedicine. In our present study, Penicillium decumbens (MTCC-2494) was brought from Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTECH) Chandigarh and employed for extracellular biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Ag-NPs formation was appeared with a dark brown color inside the conical flask. Characterization of Ag-NPs were done by UV-Spectrophotometric analysis which showed absorption peak at 430 nm determines the presence of nanoparticles, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopic analysis, showed amines and amides are the possible proteins involved in the stabilization of nanoparticles as capping agent. Atomic force Microscopy (AFM) confirmed the particle are spherical, size was around 30 to 60 nm and also the roughness of nanoparticles. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) showed the topology of the nanoparticles and were spherical in shape. The biosynthesis process was found fast, ecofriendly and cost effective. Nano-silver particle was found to have a broad antimicrobial activity and also it showed good enhancement of antimicrobial activity of Carbenicillin, Piperacillin, Cefixime, Amoxicillin, Ofloxacin and Sparfloxacin in a synergistic mode. These Ag-NPs showed good anti-cancer activity at 80 μg·mL(-1)upon 24 hours of incubation and toxicity increases upon 48 hours of incubation against A-549 human lung cancer cell line and the synergistic formulation of the antibiotic with the synthesized nanoparticles was found more effective against the pathogenic bacteria studied. PMID:27608951

  7. Biochemical synthesis of silver nanoprticles using filamentous fungi Penicillium decumbens (MTCC-2494) and its efficacy against A-549 lung cancer cell line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majeed, Shahnaz; Abdullah, Mohd Syafiq Bin; Dash, Gouri Kumar; Ansari, Mohammed Tahir; Nanda, Anima

    2016-08-01

    Biosynthesis of silver and other metallic nanoparticles is one of the emerging research area in the field of science and technology due to their potentiality, especially in the field of nano-biotechnology and biomedical sciences in order to develop nanomedicine. In our present study, Penicillium decumbens (MTCC-2494) was brought from Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTECH) Chandigarh and employed for extracellular biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Ag-NPs formation was appeared with a dark brown color inside the conical flask. Characterization of Ag-NPs were done by UV-Spectrophotometric analysis which showed absorption peak at 430 nm determines the presence of nanoparticles, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopic analysis, showed amines and amides are the possible proteins involved in the stabilization of nanoparticles as capping agent. Atomic force Microscopy (AFM) confirmed the particle are spherical, size was around 30 to 60 nm and also the roughness of nanoparticles. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) showed the topology of the nanoparticles and were spherical in shape. The biosynthesis process was found fast, ecofriendly and cost effective. Nano-silver particle was found to have a broad antimicrobial activity and also it showed good enhancement of antimicrobial activity of Carbenicillin, Piperacillin, Cefixime, Amoxicillin, Ofloxacin and Sparfloxacin in a synergistic mode. These Ag-NPs showed good anti-cancer activity at 80 μg·mL(-1)upon 24 hours of incubation and toxicity increases upon 48 hours of incubation against A-549 human lung cancer cell line and the synergistic formulation of the antibiotic with the synthesized nanoparticles was found more effective against the pathogenic bacteria studied.

  8. Oxidative Stress, DNA Damage, and Inflammation Induced by Ambient Air and Wood Smoke Particulate Matter in Human A549 and THP-1 Cell Lines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Pernille Høgh; Møller, Peter; Jensen, Keld Alstrup;

    2011-01-01

    polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), less soluble metals, and expectedly also had a smaller particle size than PM collected from ambient air. All four types of PM combined increased the levels of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-20-deoxyguanosine dose-dependently in A549 cells, whereas there was no change in the levels...... sampled from the wood stove area. Expression of oxoguanine glycosylase 1, lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1, and interleukin-6 did not change. We conclude that WSPM has small particle size, high level of PAH, low level of water-soluble metals, and produces high levels of free radicals, DNA damage...

  9. Cytotoxicity evaluation of nanoclays in human epithelial cell line A549 using high content screening and real-time impedance analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verma, Navin K. [Trinity College Dublin, Department of Clinical Medicine, Institute of Molecular Medicine (Ireland); Moore, Edward; Blau, Werner [Trinity College Dublin, School of Physics (Ireland); Volkov, Yuri [Trinity College Dublin, Department of Clinical Medicine, Institute of Molecular Medicine (Ireland); Ramesh Babu, P., E-mail: babup@tcd.ie [Trinity College Dublin, Centre for Research on Adaptive Nanostructures and Nanodevices (Ireland)

    2012-09-15

    Continuously expanding use of products containing nanoclays for wide range of applications have raised public concerns about health and safety. Although the products containing nanoclays may not be toxic, it is possible that nanomaterials may come in contact with humans during handling, manufacture, or disposal, and cause adverse health impact. This necessitates biocompatibility evaluation of the commonly used nanoclays. Here, we investigated the cytotoxic effects of platelet (Bentone MA, ME-100, Cloisite Na{sup +}, Nanomer PGV, and Delite LVF) and tubular (Halloysite, and Halloysite MP1) type nanoclays on cultured human lung epithelial cells A549. For the first time with this aim, we employed a cell-based automated high content screening in combination with real-time impedance sensing. We demonstrate varying degree of dose- and time-dependent cytotoxic effects of both nanoclay types. Overall, platelet structured nanoclays were more cytotoxic than tubular type. A low but significant level of cytotoxicity was observed at 25 {mu}g/mL of the platelet-type nanoclays. A549 cells exposed to high concentration (250 {mu}g/mL) of tubular structured nanoclays showed inhibited cell growth. Confocal microscopy indicated intracellular accumulation of nanoclays with perinuclear localization. Results indicate a potential hazard of nanoclay-containing products at significantly higher concentrations, which warrant their further biohazard assessment on the actual exposure in humans.

  10. Cytotoxicity evaluation of nanoclays in human epithelial cell line A549 using high content screening and real-time impedance analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Continuously expanding use of products containing nanoclays for wide range of applications have raised public concerns about health and safety. Although the products containing nanoclays may not be toxic, it is possible that nanomaterials may come in contact with humans during handling, manufacture, or disposal, and cause adverse health impact. This necessitates biocompatibility evaluation of the commonly used nanoclays. Here, we investigated the cytotoxic effects of platelet (Bentone MA, ME-100, Cloisite Na+, Nanomer PGV, and Delite LVF) and tubular (Halloysite, and Halloysite MP1) type nanoclays on cultured human lung epithelial cells A549. For the first time with this aim, we employed a cell-based automated high content screening in combination with real-time impedance sensing. We demonstrate varying degree of dose- and time-dependent cytotoxic effects of both nanoclay types. Overall, platelet structured nanoclays were more cytotoxic than tubular type. A low but significant level of cytotoxicity was observed at 25 μg/mL of the platelet-type nanoclays. A549 cells exposed to high concentration (250 μg/mL) of tubular structured nanoclays showed inhibited cell growth. Confocal microscopy indicated intracellular accumulation of nanoclays with perinuclear localization. Results indicate a potential hazard of nanoclay-containing products at significantly higher concentrations, which warrant their further biohazard assessment on the actual exposure in humans.

  11. Indomethacin-Enhanced Anticancer Effect of Arsenic Trioxide in A549 Cell Line: Involvement of Apoptosis and Phospho-ERK and p38 MAPK Pathways

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Mandegary

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Focusing on novel drug combinations that target different pathways especially apoptosis and MAPK could be a rationale for combination therapy in successful treatment of lung cancer. Concurrent use of cyclooxygenase (COX inhibitors with arsenic trioxide (ATO might be a possible treatment option. Methods. Cytotoxicity of ATO, dexamethasone (Dex, celecoxib (Cel, and Indomethacin (Indo individually or in combination was determined at 24, 48, and 72 hrs in A549 lung cancer cells. The COX-2 gene and protein expression, MAPK pathway proteins, and caspase-3 activity were studied for the most cytotoxic combinations. Results. The IC50s of ATO and Indo were 68.7 μmol/L and 396.5 μmol/L, respectively. Treatment of cells with combinations of clinically relevant concentrations of ATO and Indo resulted in greater growth inhibition and apoptosis induction than did either agent alone. Caspase-3 activity was considerably high in the presence of ATO and Indo but showed no difference in single or combination use. Phosphorylation of p38 and ERK1/2 was remarkable in the concurrent presence of both drugs. Conclusions. Combination therapy with ATO and Indo exerted a very potent in vitro cytotoxic effect against A549 lung cancer cells. Activation of ERK and p38 pathways might be the mechanism of higher cytotoxic effect of ATO-Indo combination.

  12. Lithium-Acetate-Mediated Biginelli One-Pot Multicomponent Synthesis under Solvent-Free Conditions and Cytotoxic Activity against the Human Lung Cancer Cell Line A549 and Breast Cancer Cell Line MCF7

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harshita Sachdeva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Various Biginelli compounds (dihydropyrimidinones have been synthesized efficiently and in high yields under mild, solvent-free, and eco-friendly conditions in a one-pot reaction of 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds, aldehydes, and urea/thiourea/acetyl thiourea using lithium-acetate as a novel catalyst without the addition of any proton source. Comparative catalytic efficiency of lithium-acetate and polyphosphoric acid to catalyze Biginelli condensation is also studied under neat conditions. The reaction is carried out in the absence of any solvent and represents an improvement of the classical Biginelli protocol and an advantage in comparison with FeCl3·6H2O, NiCl2·6H2O and CoCl2·6H2O that were used with HCl as a cocatalyst. Compared to classical Biginelli reaction conditions, the present method has advantages of good yields, short reaction times, and experimental simplicity. The obtained products have been identified by spectral (1H NMR and IR data and their melting points. The prepared compounds are evaluated for anticancer activity against two human cancer cell lines (lung cancer cell line A549 and breast cancer cell line MCF7.

  13. Oleanolic acid-induced apoptosis and its relation with intracellular calcium in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Asmitanand; Thakur

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of oleanolic acid (OA) on apoptosis,correlation between apoptosis and intracellular calcium,and its mechanism in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549. Methods Human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells were incubated in vitro and assigned with OA concentrations of 0,10,20 and 40μg/mL. The apoptosis status of A549 cell line was detected with Annexin V-FITC/PI by flow cytometry (FCM); fluorescence intensity (FI) of A549 cells was assessed and the level of intracellular calciu...

  14. Effects of 5-Aza-Cde on DNA Methylation and Expression of hMLHl and MGMT Gene in Lung Cancer Cell Line A549/DDP%5-氮杂-2′脱氧胞苷对肺癌 A549/DDP 细胞hMLHl,MGMT 基因甲基化及其表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王虹; 李丽丽; 张吉才; 高波; 骆海军

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of 5-Aza-2′-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-Cde)on DNA methylation and expression of hMLH1 and MGMT gene in the human lung cancer cell line A549/DDP.Methods A549/DDP cells were cultured with RPMI 1 640 medium and were treated with 5 μmol/L DNA methyhransferase inhibitor 5-Aza-Cde.Methylation-specific pol-ymerase chain reaetioll (MSP)was used to detect the promoter methylation state of the hMLH1 and MGMT gene.RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of hMLH1 and MGMT before and after treatment with 5-Aza-Cde,respectively. Results Before treatment with 5-Aza-Cde,hMLH1 and MGMT expressions were absent,and promoter hypermethylation of the hMLH1 and MGMT gene were detected in A549 cells.After treatment with 5-Aza-Cde,the promoter region of the hM-LH1 and MGMT gene exhibited a demethylation state,and their mRNA expressions were increased.Conclusion Promoter hypermethyhtion is amajor mechanism of hMLH1 and MGMT gene silencing in human lung cancer cells,and can be reversed by the demethylating agent 5-Aza-Cde,which can regulate the expressions of the hMLH1 and MGMT gene.%目的:观察5-氮杂-2′脱氧胞苷(5-Aza-Cde)对体外培养的顺铂(DDP)耐药株肺癌 A549/DDP 细胞 hMLH1,MG-MT 基因启动子区 DNA 甲基化状态及其表达的影响,探讨肺癌细胞 hMLH1和 MGMT 基因失活的机制及去甲基化制剂对 hMLH1和 MGMT 基因表达的调控。方法5-Aza-Cde 处理体外1640培养的肺癌 A549/DDP 细胞,甲基化特异性PCR(MSP)法检测用药前后细胞 hMLH1和 MGMT 基因的甲基化状态,RT-PCR 法检测用药前后细胞 hMLH1和 MG-MT mRNA 的表达。结果在对照组 A549细胞当中 hMLH1基因是非甲基化状态和高表达,而 MGMT 显示为低甲基化(部分甲基化)状态和高表达;而在顺铂耐药株 A549-DDP 中,hMLH1和 MGMT 基因均显示高甲基化状态,mRNA 表达下调。结论hMLH1和 MGMT 基因甲基化修饰程度与 mRNA 的表

  15. RNA干扰HIF-2α基因对人肺腺癌A549细胞株侵袭转移的影响%Effect of RNA Interference Targeting HIF-2α Gene on Invasion and Proliferation of Lung Adenocarcinoma A549 Cell Line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁凯; 王勇; 童继春; 袁卫东; 陈栋

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting hypoxia-inducible factor 2α(HIF-2α) gene on the invasion and metastasis of A549 cell line. Methods:The siRNA eukaryotic expression vectors targeting HIF-2a gene were designed and transfected into A549 cell line. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were used to detect mRNA and protein expression of HIF-2α gene. The migration of A549 cells was assayed using transwell ceil culture chambers, and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) protein expression was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: After transfection of HIF-2crsiRNA into A549. mRNA and protein expression of HIF-2α were down-regulated. The results of qRT-PCR showed that No. 4 siRNA vector was the most effective one in suppressing HIF-2a mRNA expression. Transfection of A549 with this siRNA vector resulted in sequence-specific silencing with decreases of (60. 63 ± 5. 10)% and (80. 00 ± 3. 55)% in HIF-2α mRNA transcription at 24h or 48h posMransfection. The Western blot test also demonstrated the best effectiveness of this expression vector with the inhibition rates of (31. 69 ± 11. 56) % at 24h post-trans-fection and (82. 9 ± 4. 09) % at 48h post-transfection. It was shown in migration analysis that the number of cells which had migrated through the filter was much amaller in groups treated with HIF-2α-siRNA than in control, which indicated a reduction in the invasive capacity of this group. ELISA analysis showed the protein expression of VEGF was significantly down-regulated when A549 cells were treated with siRNA targeting HIF-2α transfection. Conclusions: Eukaryotic expression vectors of siRNA which inhibit the expression of HIF-2α gene can effectively suppress the invasion and metastasis of A549 cells.%目的:探讨小干扰RNA(small interfering RNA,siRNA)抑制缺氧诱导因子(hyposia-inducible factor 2α,HIF-2α)基因表达对人肺腺癌A549细胞株侵袭转移

  16. SchA-p85-FAK complex dictates isoform-specific activation of Akt2 and subsequent PCBP1-mediated post-transcriptional regulation of TGFβ-mediated epithelial to mesenchymal transition in human lung cancer cell line A549.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Xinying; Wang, Xin; Liu, Yuxia; Teng, Guigen; Wang, Yong; Zang, Xuefeng; Wang, Kaifei; Zhang, Jinghui; Xu, Yali; Wang, Jianxin; Pan, Lei

    2014-08-01

    A post-transcriptional pathway by which TGF-β modulates expression of specific proteins, Disabled-2 (Dab2) and Interleukin-like EMT Inducer (ILEI), inherent to epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in murine epithelial cells through Akt2-mediated phosphorylation of poly r(C) binding protein (PCBP1), has been previously elucidated. The aims of the current study were to determine if the same mechanism is operative in the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell line, A549, and to delineate the underlying mechanism. Steady-state transcript and protein expression levels of Dab2 and ILEI were examined in A549 cells treated with TGF-β for up to 48 h. Induction of translational de-repression in this model was quantified by polysomal fractionation followed by qRT-PCR. The underlying mechanism of isoform-specific activation of Akt2 was elucidated through a combination of co-immunoprecipitation studies. TGF-β induced EMT in A549 cells concomitant with translational upregulation of Dab2 and ILEI proteins through isoform-specific activation of Akt2 followed by phosphorylation of PCBP1 at serine-43. Our experiments further elucidated that the adaptor protein SchA is phosphorylated at tyrosine residues following TGF-β treatment, which initiated a signaling cascade resulting in the sequential recruitment of p85 subunit of PI3K and focal adhesion kinase (FAK). The SchA-FAK-p85 complex subsequently selectively recruited and activated Akt2, not Akt1. Inhibition of the p85 subunit through phosphorylated 1257 peptide completely attenuated EMT in these cells. We have defined the underlying mechanism responsible for isoform-specific recruitment and activation of Akt2, not Akt1, during TGF-β-mediated EMT in A549 cells. Inhibition of the formation of this complex thus represents an important and novel therapeutic target in metastatic lung carcinoma. PMID:24819169

  17. Alteration of membrane lipid biophysical properties and resistance of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells to cisplatin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Alterations of membrane lipid biophysical properties of sensitiveA549 and resistant A549/DDP cells to the Cis-dichlorodiammine platinum (Cisplatin) were performed by measurements of fluorescence and flow cytometry approaches using fluorescence dyes of DPH, N-AS and Merocyanine 540 (MC 540) respectively. Fatty acids of membrane lipid of the two cell lines were analyzed by gas chromatography. The results indicated clearly that fluorescence polarization (P) of the DPH probe is 0.169 for the sensitive A549 cell and 0.194 for the resistant A549/DDP cells. Statistical analysis showed significant difference between the two cell lines. The polarizations of 2-AS and 7-AS which reflect the fluidity of surface and middle of lipid bilayer are 0.134 and 0.144 for the sensitive A549 cells as well as 0.171 and 0.178 for the resistant A549/DDP cells respectively, but there is no significant difference of the polarization of 12-AS between the two cell lines. This shows that altera-tions of the membrane fluidity of both cells were mainly located on the surface and middle of the lipid bilayer. In addition, the packing density of phospholipid molecules in the membrane of the two cell lines detected by MC540 probe indicated that lipid packing of A549 cell membranes was looser than that of the A549/DDP cells. And unsaturation degree of plasma membrane fatty acids of the A549/DDP cells was also lower than that of A549 cells. Taken together, it was proposed that the al-teration of membrane lipid biophysical state may be involved in the resistance of A549/DDP cells to cisplatin.

  18. Identification and significance of differential proteins in A549 cells transfected with HLCDG1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZOU Fei-yan; HU Wei; YU Yan-hui; OUYANG Yong-mei; XIE Hai-long; ZENG Ping-yao; CHEN Zhu-chu; LI Feng; XIAO Zhi-qiang; FENG Xue-ping; ZHANG Peng-fei; YANG Hai-yan

    2005-01-01

    HLCDG1, which locates in chromosome 5q33, is a novel gene cloned recently. The HLCDG1 expression was significantly down regulated in the primary lung carcinoma. It was previously studied that HLCDG1 acted like a tumor suppressor gene. In this paper, proteomics studies were performed to analyze the proteomic expression patterns in the HLCDG1-transfected human lung carcinoma cell line (A549-HLCDG1) and in the control vector-transfecred human lung carcinoma cell line (A549-vector). Employing two dimensional gel eleetrophoresis (2DE), the global pattern of protein expressions in A549-HLCDG1 human lung adenocarcinoma cell line expressing stably HL-CDG1 gene were compared with those of control A549-vector cell line to generate a differential protein expression catalog. Forty-two differentially expressed proteins were screened. Thirteen differential proteins were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), which were 6 upregulated (MSH5, MOD, MDH precursor, ETFβ, Prxd Ⅵ and JM23) and 7 downregulated (PLC-δ1, hnRNPA2,hnRNPB1, TIM, TCTP, nm23H-1 and PrxdⅤ) proteins in A549-HLCDG1 cells compared to control A549-vector cells. The above identified proteins were involved in energy metabolism, transcription regulation, antioxidation,cell cycle, metastasis, DNA methylation and mismatch repair. Therefore, these differential expression proteins by HLCDG1 transfection may play some important roles for investigation of the biochemical basis of growth suppression of HLCDG1 gene in lung carcinoma cells A549. Further understanding of this data base may provide valuable resources for the developing novel diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets of lung cancer.

  19. The repair capacity of lung cancer cell lines A549 and H1299 depends on HMGB1 expression level and the p53 status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusein-Myashkova, Shazie; Stoykov, Ivan; Gospodinov, Anastas; Ugrinova, Iva; Pasheva, Evdokia

    2016-07-01

    Elucidation of the cellular components responsive to chemotherapeutic agents as cisplatin rationalizes the strategy for anticancer chemotherapy. The removal of the cisplatin/DNA lesions gives the chance to the cancer cells to survive and compromises the chemotherapeutical treatment. Therefore, the cell repair efficiency is substantial for the clinical outcome. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein is considered to be involved in the removal of the lesions as it binds with high affinity to cisplatin/DNA adducts. We demonstrated that overexpression of HMGB1 protein inhibited cis-platinated DNA repair in vivo and the effect strongly depended on its C-terminus. We registered increased levels of DNA repair after HMGB1 silencing only in p53 defective H1299 lung cancer cells. Next, introduction of functional p53 resulted in DNA repair inhibition. H1299 cells overexpressing HMGB1 were significantly sensitized to treatment with cisplatin demonstrating the close relation between the role of HMGB1 in repair of cis-platinated DNA and the efficiency of the anticancer drug, the process being modulated by the C-terminus. In A549 cells with functional p53, the repair of cisplatin/DNA adducts is determined by а complex action of HMGB1 and p53 as an increase of DNA repair capacity was registered only after silencing of both proteins. PMID:26896489

  20. Kinase-domain insert containing receptor gene silencing inhibited proliferation of human lung cancer cell line A549 and enhanced their sensitivity to docetaxel%血管内皮生长因子激酶功能区受体基因沉默抑制肺癌A549细胞增殖并增强其对多西他赛的敏感性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀义

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究沉默血管内皮生长因子激酶功能区受体( kinase-domain insert containing receptor , KDR)基因对人肺癌A549细胞增殖以及对化疗药物多西他赛敏感性的影响。方法设计合成KDR的小干扰RNA( small interfering RNA ,siRNA)序列,Lipofectamine TM 2000转染入A549细胞。通过反转录-聚合酶链反应和Western Blot检测KDR基因沉默后KDR mRNA及蛋白的表达情况,利用流式细胞仪检测A549细胞的周期变化。采用四甲基偶氮唑盐比色法及细胞克隆形成实验观察,沉默KDR基因后A549细胞对多西他赛的敏感性。结果 KDR基因经48 h沉默后,A549细胞的KDR基因和蛋白的表达出现较明显的下降( P<0.05)。A549细胞的周期在G0/G1期阻滞,S期细胞数目减低(P<0.05)。在KDR基因沉默组,A549细胞对多西他赛的敏感性有明显的增强(P<0.05)。结论 KDR-siRNA能够明显沉默A549细胞KDR基因和蛋白的表达,并能抑制A549细胞的增殖,增强其对多西他赛的敏感性。%Objective This study investigated the effect of small interfering RNA-mediated kinase-domain insert containing receptor ( KDR) knock-down on proliferation of human lung cancer cell line A549 and their sensitivity to docetaxel .Methods The small interfering RNA ( siRNA) against KDR was constructed and transfected into A 549 cells with Lipofectamine TM 2000.The expre-ssion of KDR was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western Blot . Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell cycle .Sensitivity to docetaxel after transfection were exa-mined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay and clonogenic assay .Results In A549 cells, the pro-tein and mRNA levels of KDR were decreased significantly after transfection ,and reduction of proli-feration was related to an increase in the fraction of G 0/G1 phase .The sensitivity of A 549 cells to docetaxel was increased significantly after transfection

  1. PPAR-γ Silencing Inhibits the Apoptosis of A549 Cells by Upregulating Bcl-2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingyu YANG

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Drug resistance is the one of primary causes of death in patients with lung cancer, PPAR-γ could induce the apoptosis and reverse drug resistance. The aim of this study is to investigate the expression of PPAR-γ on cisplatin sensitivity and apoptosis response of human lung cancer cell line A549. Methods Reconstruction of PPAR-γ silencing A549 cells (A549/PPAR-γ(- by siRNA. MTT assay was employed to determine the effect of cisplatin on the proliferation of A549/PPAR-γ(-, flow cytometry to determine the effect of cisplatin on the cell apoptosis, Western blot to determine the change of phosphorylation of Akt, caspase-3 and expression of bcl-2/bax. Finally, RT-PCR was employed to determine the transcriptional level of bcl-2. Results Two PPAR-γ silencing A549 cell clones were established successfully, and the expression of PPAR-γ was downregulated significantly as confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot. After PPAR-γ silencing, the resistance of these two A549 clones to cisplatin was increased by 1.29-fold and 1.60-fold respectively. Flow cytometry showed that the apoptosis rate was decreased, and Western Blot showed that the phosphorylation of Akt and expression of bcl-2/bax were upregulated, caspase-3 was downregulated. Finally, RT-PCR showed that the transcriptional level of bcl-2 was upregulated as well. Conclusion Downregulation of PPAR-γ in A549 cells led to increase of cisplatin resistance. One of the mechanisms was upregulatin of phosphorylation of Akt and expression of bcl-2, which inhibited the apoptosis of cells. The downregulation of PPAR-γ is a possible mechanism that leads to the clinical drug resistance of cancer.

  2. 人肺腺癌A549细胞低剂量辐射超敏感性及其机制的研究%Low dose hyper-radiosensitivity in human lung cancer cell line A549 and its possible mechanisms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶丹; 程晶; 伍钢; 吴红革; 薛军

    2009-01-01

    目的 观察A549细胞的低剂量辐射超敏感性现象,探讨其发生的机制.方法 A549细胞接受0~2 Gy的60Co γ射线照射后,流式细胞仪对其分选计数,克隆形成法检测细胞存活分数,Western blot法检测ATMl981Ser-P蛋白表达,Hoechst 33258荧光染色法、AnnexinV-FITC/PI双染流式细胞仪检测细胞凋亡,PI单染流式细胞仪检测细胞周期.结果 细胞在0~0.3 Gy表现出单位剂量杀伤增强,在0.3~0.5 Gy表现出一定的辐射抗性,0.5 Gy后的区域存活分数随辐射剂量的增加而降低.照射后1 h,ATM激酶在0.2 Gy时开始活化,0.5 Gy时活化达高峰(t=7.96,P<0.05);与0.5 Gy相比1.0和2.0 Gy的活化水平无明显变化(t=0.69、0.55,P>0.05).照射后24 h,部分细胞发生凋亡,其凋亡曲线与存活曲线相吻合.与未照射组相比,0.1和0.2 Gy组在各时间点(照射后6、12和24 h)的细胞周期无明显变化,而0.3、0.4和0.5 Gy组,照射后6和12 h细胞发生G2/M期阻滞(t=2.87、2.88、4.92和3.70、3.12、8.11,P<0.05),照射后24 h G2/M期细胞比例下降(t=3.87、4.77、3.01,P<0.05).结论 A549细胞存在HRS/IRR现象,其发生可能与ATM激酶、细胞周期变化有关,凋亡是细胞死亡的主要方式.%Objective To study the low dose hyper-radiosensitivity in human lung cancer cell line A549,and its possible mechanisms.Methods Exponentially growing A549 cells were irradiated with 60Co γ-rays at doses of 0-2 Gy.Together with flow cytometry for precise cell sorting,cell survival fraction was measured by mean of conventional colony-formation assay.ATM1981 Ser-P protein expression was examined by Western blot.Apoptosis was identified by Hoechst 33258 fluorescent staining,and Annexin V-FITC and propidium iodide staining flow cytometry.Cell cycle distribution was observed by flow cytometry.Results There was an excessive cell killing per unit dose when the doses were below about 0.3 Gy,and the cells exhibited more resistant response at the doses between

  3. Effect of fucoidan from Turbinaria conoides on human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial (A549) cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alwarsamy, Madhavarani; Gooneratne, Ravi; Ravichandran, Ramanibai

    2016-11-01

    Fucoidan was purified from seaweed, Turbinaria conoides. Isolated fragments were characterized with NMR ((13)C, (1)H), Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectronomy (GC-MS) and HPLC analysis. The autohydrolysate of fucoidans consisted of sulfated fuco-oligosaccharides having the backbone of α-(1, 3)-linked fuco-pyranose derivatives and minor components of galactose, glucose, mannose and xylose sugars. Fucoidan induced a dose-dependent reduction in cell survival of lung cancer A549 cells by MTT assay (GI50, 75μg/mL). However, it was not cytotoxic to a non-tumorigenic human keratinocyte cell line of skin tissue (HaCaT) (GI50>1.0mg/mL). The apoptotic cells in fucoidan-treated A549 cells were visualized by laser confocal microscopy and cell cycle analysis showed induction of G0/G1 phase arrest of the cell progression cycle. Further, CFSE labeling and flow cytometry highlighted that fucoidan significantly (P<0.05) inhibited the proliferation rate of A549 cells by up to 2-fold compared with the control cells. It is concluded that fucoidan has the potential to act as an anti-proliferative agent on lung carcinoma (A549) cells. PMID:27516266

  4. Effect of antisense transfecting of monocarboxylate transporter gene on biological characteristics of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Gui-zhi; HUANG Gui-jun; GUO Xian-jian; QIAN Gui-sheng

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To study the influence of transfecting antisense expression vector of the first subtype of the monocarboxylate transporter (MCT1) gene into lung cancer cells on pHi regulation, lactate transportation and cell growth, Methods: MCT1 antisense gene recombinant vector was introduced into human lung cancer cell line A549 by electroporation. The transfected A549 cells resistant to G418 were selected. Positive clones were examined by using PCR. The changes of intracellular pH and lactate were examined with spectrophotometric method. Cell growth was studied with cell growth curve. Results: Intracellular pH and lactate were remarkably decreased in the cells transfected pLXSN-MCT1 in comparison with A549 cells without transfection (P<0. 001). The growth of A549 cells transfected pLXSN-MCT1 was also inhibited remarkably. Conclusion: MCT1 gene may play an important role in pHi regulation, lactate transportation and cell growth in tumor cells.

  5. Transfection of gene Livin α/β into A549 cells and separate effect on the cell growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Jian-guo; LIAO Rong-xia; CHEN Zheng-tang; WANG Zhi-xin; ZHANG Qing; HU Yi-de; WANG Dong-lin

    2005-01-01

    Objective:To express two Livin isoforms (Livin α & β genes) with transfection techniques in A549 cell line respectively in order to observe their effect on growth of cell line. Methods:Two eukaryotic expression vectors of Livin, pcDNA3.1-Livin α & β, were transfected into A549 cell line by electroporation. Then G418-resistant clones were screened. RT-PCR, Northern blot and immunofluorescence cytochemistry were used to detect Livin α & β expression level in the transfected cells. Finally, observation of cell morphology, growth curve assay and colony formation analysis were performed to explore the effect of Livin on growth of the cells. Results:Livin α & β were expressed in transfected A549 cells, and induced a faster cell growth, shorter doubling time and stronger cell colony forming ability, yet had no morphology change.Conclusion:Both isoforms can accelerate the growth of A549 cells, indicating a close relationship between Livin expression and the genesis and development of lung cancer. The expression of Livin α & β in A549 cells provides basis for further study of their different biological functions of anti-apoptosis and of their role in lung cancer cell resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

  6. The biophysical property of A549 cells transferred by VEGF-D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhen; Wu, Xiu-Li; Wang, Xu; Tian, Hong-Xia; Chen, Zhi-Hong; Li, Yang-Qiu

    2014-01-01

    Vascular endothelial growth factor-D (VEGF-D) together with VEGF-C is considered to be associated with lymphangiogenesis and angiogenesis and involve in tumorization. This study aims to investigate the influence of exogenous VEGF-D gene on the biophysical property of cell surface of lung adenocarcinoma cell line. A panel of lung adenocarcinoma cell lines were examined the expression of VEGF-D and VEGF-C by real-time PCR. The VEGF-D recombinant plasmid containing enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) was constructed and transfected to the cell line with no expression of VEGF-D and confirmed by real-time PCR and Western blot analysis. Topographic images of cells were obtained by using atomic force microscope (AFM) in contact mode. Unlike VEGF-C, VEGF-D was found to have a very low expression or undetectable expression in lung adenocarcinoma cell lines. The VEGF-D recombinant plasmid had been constructed successfully and was transferred into the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 cells which had no endogenous expression of VEGF-D, and exogenous VEGF-D could be detected in mRNA and protein expression levels in the gene modified cells, while the VEGF-C gene expression had no change after VEGF-D transfection. After transfection, the irregular microspikes or nano clusters could observe on the surface of A549 cells, and VEGF-D transfected A549 cells became more rigid. The exogenous VEGF-D gene might cause the remarkable biophysical architectural changes in the A549 cells, which might as a novel biomarker for evaluation of its biological function. PMID:23526563

  7. Functional expression of nicotine influx transporter in A549 human alveolar epithelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tega, Yuma; Yuzurihara, Chihiro; Kubo, Yoshiyuki; Akanuma, Shin-ichi; Ehrhardt, Carsten; Hosoya, Ken-ichi

    2016-02-01

    Nicotine is a potent addictive alkaloid, and is rapidly absorbed through the alveoli of the lung. However, the transport mechanism of nicotine at the human alveolar epithelial barrier has not been investigated in great detail. In the present study, the transport mechanism of nicotine across alveolar epithelium was investigated in vitro using A549 cells, a human adenocarcinoma-derived cell line with an alveolar epithelial cell like phenotype. Nicotine uptake by A549 cells exhibited time-, temperature-, and concentration-dependence with a Km of 50.4 μM. These results suggest that a carrier-mediated transport process is involved in nicotine transport in human alveolar epithelial cells. Nicotine uptake by A549 cells was insensitive to change in extracellular pH. Moreover, nicotine uptake by A549 cells could be inhibited by organic cations such as verapamil and pyrilamine, but not typical substrates of organic cation transporters and β2-agonist. These results suggest that a novel, not yet molecularly identified, organic cation transporter plays a role in nicotine transport which is unlikely to interact with β2-agonist transport. This nicotine influx transporter in human alveolar epithelium might have implications for the rapid absorption of nicotine into the systemic circulation. PMID:26830082

  8. 异长春花碱逆转肺癌顺铂耐药A549/DDP细胞耐药性的作用和机制%The Effect and Mechanism of Vinorelbine on Cisplatin Resistance of Human Lung Cancer Cell Line A549/DDP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐春胜; 高森; 李会强; 高卫真

    2014-01-01

    背景与目的肺癌细胞耐药已经成为肺癌化疗的主要困难之一,异长春花碱被认为可有效抑制肺癌细胞的增殖和转移。本研究旨在探讨异长春花碱对人肺癌A549/DDP细胞顺铂耐受性的逆转作用及机制。方法1μmol/L和5μmol/L异长春花碱作用A549/DDP细胞后,应用MTS法检测肿瘤细胞顺铂敏感性的变化,应用流式细胞术检测肿瘤细胞凋亡率变化,肿瘤细胞对Rh-123摄入量的变化,Western blot法检测MDR1、Bcl-2、survivin、caspase-3/8和PTEN蛋白表达以及Akt的磷酸化水平的变化,real-time PCR检测MDR1、Bcl-2、survivin和PTEN的mRNA表达,用报告基因系统检测NF-κB、Twist和Snail的转录活性。结果1μmol/L和5μmol/L异长春花碱作用A549/DDP细胞后,肿瘤细胞对顺铂的敏感性分别提高了1.91倍和2.54倍,肿瘤细胞对Rh-123的摄入量提高了1.93倍和2.95倍,细胞凋亡增加了2.25倍和3.82倍,MDR1、Bcl-2、survivin蛋白表达和Akt磷酸化水平下调,caspase-3/8和PTEN蛋白表达上调,MDR1的mRNA表达下调43.5%和25.8%,Bcl-2的mRNA表达下调57.3%和34.1%,survivin的mRNA表达下调37.6%和12.4%,PTEN表达上调183.4%和154.2%,NF-κB转录活性下降53.2%和34.5%,Twist转录活性下降61.4%和33.5%, Snail转录活性下降57.8%和18.7%。结论异长春花碱可提高肿瘤细胞A549/DDP对顺铂的敏感性,其机制可能与调节PTEN/AKT/NF-κB信号路径活性,进而下调耐药基因表达,上调促凋亡基因表达有关。%Background and objective Drug resistance is a major obstacle on lung cancer treatment and Vinorel-bine is an effective drug to inhibition of tumor proliferation and metastasis. In this study, we investigated the effect and mecha-nism of Vinorelbine on reversing the cisplatin resistance of human lung cancer A549/DDP cell line. Methods With 1μmol/L and 5μmol/L Vinorelbine treatment, MTS assay was employed to determine the effect of the cisplatin

  9. Research of vaccination with whole cells antigens from mesenchymal stem cells generate an antitumor effect of lung cancer cell line A549 in vivo%骨髓间充质干细胞全细胞抗原干预肺癌细胞系A549移植瘤生长的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静; 陈军; 李秀玉

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察骨髓间充质干细胞(MSCs)的全细胞抗原(WCAs)对人肺腺癌细胞株A549荷瘤的影响,并探讨肿瘤相关增殖抗原的改变揭示其可能的抑制机制。方法全骨髓贴壁法原代培养小鼠MSCs,取3~5代MSCs以15 Gy X线灭活获取WCAs,将BALB/c小鼠随机分成实验组和对照组,每组各24只。实验组皮下接种WCAs(1次/3d,共2周),获得免疫接种小鼠模型,对照组皮下注射同体积的磷酸缓冲液。观察两组小鼠肿瘤生长情况,测量肿瘤直径、计算肿瘤体积,并于接种后第7(Day7)、30天(Day30)行Western blot及实时荧光定量逆转录聚合酶链反应检测增殖细胞核抗原(PCNA)及Ki-67因子的蛋白及mRNA水平。结果肺腺癌A549细胞皮下移植成功使小鼠荷瘤,实验组小鼠的肿瘤体积显著小于对照组(P<0.05);实验组PCNA蛋白水平显著低于对照组[Day7:(6.42±0.54)比(18.67±0.96),P<0.01;Day30:(2.12±0.14)比(4.32±0.25),P<0.05];PCNA mRNA水平低于对照组[Day7:(11.64±0.28)比(25.18±1.37),P<0.01;Day30:(2.11±0.18)比5.69±0.41),P<0.01];实验组Ki-67蛋白水平显著低于对照组[Day7:(1.57±0.51)比(4.84±0.23),P<0.05;Day30:(2.75±0.28)比(5.66±0.19),P<0.01];Ki-67 mRNA水平也明显下调[Day7:(2.12±0.43)比(5.94±1.03),P<0.01;Day30:(3.71±0.72)比(8.62±0.35),P<0.01]。结论采用MSCs获得全细胞抗原进行免疫应激可产生抑制肿瘤生长作用,其机制可能与及肿瘤增殖相关因子PCNA、Ki-67的下调有关,其内在的免疫分子机制有待深层次的探索。%Objective To observe the influence of whole cell antigens (WCAs) of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on lung cancer cell line A549, discuss the change of related antigen of tumor proliferation, and reveal the possible inhibition mechanism. Methods The MSCs was isolated and cultured adherent cells from marrow, and then 3-5 generations MSCs were inactivated by X-ray (15 Gy), and the WCAs were obtained the BALB/c rats

  10. Effect of ionizing radiation on invasiveness of pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells A549 and its mechanism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the effect of ionizing radiation on the invasion of the pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell line A549. Methods: The invasiveness of A549 cells irradiated with 2 and 4 Gy doses of γ-rays was detected by using transwell invasion assay. The expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 mRNA and protein and phosphorylated signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) protein were detected by reverse transcription PCR and Western blot. Results: After irradiation with 2 or 4 Gy, the invasiveness of A549 cells increased by 200.0% (F=111.7, P<0.01) and 390.9% (F=593.7, P<0.01), respectively, compared with that in untreated A549 cells.Furthermore, the transcription and protein expression of MMP-2 24 h after irradiation and the phosphorylation of STAT3 12 h after irradiation were promoted. The irradiation-induced elevation of MMP-2 protein expression was suppressed using STAT3 phosphorylation specific inhibitor (AG490). Moreover, compared with 4 Gy of irradiation alone, treatment with 4 Gy of irradiation plus AG490 decreased the number of invasive cells by 76.1% (F=555.9, P<0.01), and the number of invasive cells in 4 Gy of irradiation plus AG490 group made up only 117.8% of that in untreated group (F=3.6, P>0.05). Conclusions: Ionizing radiation could activate STAT3, which triggers the transcription of MMP-2, and then promote the invasiveness of A549 cells. (authors)

  11. 沉默COX-2抑制A549细胞的恶性增殖%COX-2 silencing inhibits cell proliferation in A549 cell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weiying Li; Wentao Yue; Lina Zhang; Xiaoting Zhao; Li Ma; Xuehui Yang; Chunyan Zhang; Yue Wang; Meng Gu

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the effects on malignant proliferation of A549 cell by silencing cyclooxygenase (COX)-2. Methods: In the present study, we constructed three siRNA vectors producing small interference RNA. The siRNA vectors and the vacant vectors were transfected into A549 cell with lipofectamine respectively and the transfected cell strains were constructed. The change of COX-2 expression levels was examined by Western blot and RT-PCR. The effects on the proliferation of lung cancer cells were studied by cell growth curve, clonogenic assay and xenograft assays. Results: The siRNA expression vectors produced marked effects in A549 cell but the inhibited effects were different. The effect of psi-10 was best and the mRNA and protein levels of COX-2 reduced 61.2% and 56.2% respectively in A549-si10 cell in contrast to the control.The growth of A549 cell slowed and the colony formation rate reduced after silencing COX-2. In xenograft assays, the growth speeds of tumor became slow and the numbers of tumor reduced after silencing COX-2. Conclusion: The si10 target of COX-2 has the best silencing effect in A549 cell and the best inhibition effect on malignant proliferation of A549 cell in vivo and in vitro.

  12. In vitro and in vivo studies on radiobiological effects of prolonged fraction delivery time in A549 cells

    OpenAIRE

    Jiang, Ling; Xiong, Xiao-Peng; Hu, Chao-su; Ou, Zhou-Luo; Zhu, Guo-Pei; Ying,, Hong-Mei

    2012-01-01

    Intensity-modulated radiation therapy, when used in the clinic, prolongs fraction delivery time. Here we investigated both the in vivoand in vitroradiobiological effects on the A549 cell line, including the effect of different delivery times with the same dose on A549 tumor growth in nude mice. The in vitroeffects were studied with clonogenic assays, using linear-quadratic and incomplete repair models to fit the dose-survival curves. Fractionated irradiation of different doses was given at on...

  13. 氨甲蝶呤对映体获得性耐药A549细胞株二氢叶酸还原酶基因表达分析%Analysis for different expression of dihydrofolate reductase gene in methotrexate enantiomers-resistant lung cancer A549 cell lines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李道静; 何晓东; 孙余婕; 凡任芝; 许维东; 孙利; 张永娟; 张白银; 沈佐君

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between methotrexate (MTX) enantiomers resistance and levels of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) mRNA. Methods AS49 cells were exposed to intermittenfiy and progressively increasing dose of the two enantiomers of MTX. The expression of DHFR gene was assayed by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction ( FQ-PCR ). Resuits The resistant indexes of cell lines were different for L-( +)-MTX and D-(-)-MTX enantiomer. D-(-)-MTX resistance cell lines showed higher resistant index than L-( + )-MTX resistant cell lines. The expression level of DHFR mRNA in the resistant cell lines was less than that of parent cells at the concentration of 15 μ mol/L of beth L-( + )- and D-(-)-MTX enantiomer (P > 0.05 ). The expression level of DHFR mRNA in resistant cell lines was relatively high at increasing concentration of 35 μmol/L and 45 μ mol/L of D-(-) MTX. The results of the FQ-PCR revealed that the MTX resistance was associated with increased expression of DHFR mRNA. Conclusion The expression of DHFR gene was inhibited after the cell lines induced by 15 μmol/L of D-(-) -MTX enantoimers in MTX resistant cell line. The expression of DHFR gene showed significant difference in chirality. DHFR mRNA should be examined during MTX treatment, which could be helpful to prognosticate the resistant status of cell line.%目的 研究氨甲蝶呤(MTX)对映体[L-(+)-MTX和D-(-)-MTX]耐药与二氢叶酸还原酶(DHFR)基因表达的关系.方法 用浓度递增结合低剂量持续诱导法获得A549细胞对不同构型及不同浓度的MTX对映体的耐药细胞株,荧光定量PCR检测耐药细胞株中DHFR基因的相对含量.结果 对两种不同对映体的获得性耐药存在差异,D型耐药细胞耐药指数高于L型;对映体各浓度耐药细胞间耐药指数也有差异.15 μmol/L L型、D型MTX首次诱导耐药细胞的DHFR相对含量低于亲本细胞,对该浓度对映体耐药的各细胞组间没有差别(P>0

  14. Brusatol Enhances the Radiosensitivity of A549 Cells by Promoting ROS Production and Enhancing DNA Damage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohui Sun

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2 has been identified as a master regulatory factor in the protection of cells from oxidative and electrophilic stress. However, overexpression of Nrf2 in lung cancer may cause chemoresistance, as well as radioresistance. In this study, we examined the relationship between radioresistance and Nrf2 protein levels in H1299, A549, and H460 cells, and finally chose the A549 cell line to continue with due to its strong radioresistance and high Nrf2 protein levels. We found that the Nrf2 inhibitor, brusatol, could prevent the increase and accumulation of Nrf2 after exposure to irradiation. Additionally, following treatment with 80 nM brusatol, A549 cells became sensitive to irradiation, suffering severe DNA damage. Combination treatment with brusatol and ionizing radiation (IR can distinctly increase the level of reactive oxygen species in A549 cells, causing a 1.8-fold increase compared with the control, and a 1.4-fold increase compared with IR alone. In fact, in the treatment with both brusatol and IR, lung cancer cell proliferation is halted, gradually leading to cell death. Because Nrf2 is closely linked to DNA damage repair, inhibiting the function of Nrf2, as in brusatol treatment, may increase the DNA damage caused by radiotherapy or chemotherapy, possibly enhancing the efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs. Our study is the first to demonstrate brusatol’s ability to enhance the responsiveness of lung cancer cells to irradiation, and its potential application as a natural sensitizer in radiotherapy.

  15. Brusatol Enhances the Radiosensitivity of A549 Cells by Promoting ROS Production and Enhancing DNA Damage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Xiaohui; Wang, Qin; Wang, Yan; Du, Liqing; Xu, Chang; Liu, Qiang

    2016-01-01

    NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) has been identified as a master regulatory factor in the protection of cells from oxidative and electrophilic stress. However, overexpression of Nrf2 in lung cancer may cause chemoresistance, as well as radioresistance. In this study, we examined the relationship between radioresistance and Nrf2 protein levels in H1299, A549, and H460 cells, and finally chose the A549 cell line to continue with due to its strong radioresistance and high Nrf2 protein levels. We found that the Nrf2 inhibitor, brusatol, could prevent the increase and accumulation of Nrf2 after exposure to irradiation. Additionally, following treatment with 80 nM brusatol, A549 cells became sensitive to irradiation, suffering severe DNA damage. Combination treatment with brusatol and ionizing radiation (IR) can distinctly increase the level of reactive oxygen species in A549 cells, causing a 1.8-fold increase compared with the control, and a 1.4-fold increase compared with IR alone. In fact, in the treatment with both brusatol and IR, lung cancer cell proliferation is halted, gradually leading to cell death. Because Nrf2 is closely linked to DNA damage repair, inhibiting the function of Nrf2, as in brusatol treatment, may increase the DNA damage caused by radiotherapy or chemotherapy, possibly enhancing the efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs. Our study is the first to demonstrate brusatol's ability to enhance the responsiveness of lung cancer cells to irradiation, and its potential application as a natural sensitizer in radiotherapy. PMID:27347930

  16. The Effect of 5-FU and Radiation on A549 Cells In Vitro

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Effects of ionizing radiation alone and combined with chemotherapy on tumor growth and it clonal specificity Monitored by changes in distribution of chromosome number were studies in A549 cell line originated from human adenocarcinoma of the lung. Radiation (300 rad, 600 rad and 900 rad) were delivered with or without 5-FU. Forty eight hours later, 57.5% of growth inhibition of cell was Seen in cells treated with 5-FU concentration of 0.47g/ml for 24 hr exposure. Cell survival carves after radiation with and without 5-FU were made. Chromosomal analysis of cells in metaphase in control, and in cells treated with 300 rad of radiation, or 0.47g/ml of 5-FU treatment, and combined treatment of cloth were 77ne to examine the changes in ploidy and number of chromosome. Radiation combined with 5-FU enhanced growth inhibition of A549 cells. However, no evidence of synergetic effects in growth inhibition was observed in the cells treated with the combination therapy. Pattern of chromosomal distribution of survived cells were shifted from hyperploidy to hypoploidy by single dose of radiation(300 rad). As radiation dose increased a large number of hypoploidy cells were observed. Following treatment of cells with 5-FU, chomosomal distribution of survived cells were also shifted to hypodiploidy, which were seen in cells treated with radiation. The cell treated with 5-FU and followed by radiation within 24 hrs had cell with increased number of hypodiploidy cells. Almost same type of chromosomal changes were reproduced in cells treated with combined treatment with radiation and 5-FU. Minor differences were that cells with fewer number of chromosome were more frequent in cells treated with combined therapy. Further increase in cells of hypoploidy(93%) having 1-10 chromosome were induced by additional radiation. Therefore, the enhanced therapeutic effect of 5-FU combined with radiation of A549 cells appeared to be additive rather than synergistic

  17. Effects of Magnetic Fluid Hyperthermia Induced by An Alternative Magnetic Field on Human Carcinoma A549 Cell in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guoqing WANG

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Magnetic fluid hyperthermia (MFH is a method of heat therapy using nanometer techniques and hyperthermia. It has the advantage of high specificity of targeting. The aim of this study is to detect the effects of MFH induced by an alternating magnetic field on human being carcinoma A549 cells in vitro. Methods A human adenocarcinoma cell line A549 was cultured with various concentrations of ferroferric oxide (Fe3O4 magnetic fluid (1.5-6.0 mg/mL and exposed to an alternative magnetic field (AMF for 30 min. And then the optical density (OD of viable cell, cytotocixity index, growth curve of cells, morphologic changes of cell, cell cycle and aposptosis were measured. Results The proliferation of the A549 cells were remarkably inhibited, the OD value of viable cells decreased and cytotoxity index (CI increased; Apoptosis of the A549 cells were observed to have cell shrinkage, chromatin condensation, margination, unclear fragmentation and intact cell membrane by light and electron microscopy; The cells were inhibited in the stage S. Conclusion MFH induced by AMF could inhibit the proliferation, which promotes apoptosis and arrest at S stage of the A549 cells.

  18. Screening Metastasis-associated Genes from Anoikis Resistant A549 Lung Cancer Cells by Human Genome Array

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoping WANG

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective As a barrier to metastases, cells normally undergo apoptosis after they lose contact with their extra cellular matrix (ECM. This process has been termed “anoikis”. Tumour cells that acquire malignant potential have developed mechanisms to resist anoikis and thereby survive after detachment from their primary site while traveling through the lymphatic and circulatory systems. This “anoikis resistance” is considered the first step to tumor metastases. The aim of this study was to screen metastasis-associated genes from anoikis resistant and adherent growth A549 lung cancer cell by Human Genome Array. Methods Establish anoikis resistant A549 lung cancer cell lines by using poly-hydroxyethyl methacrylate resin processed petri dishes, which causes cell free from adherent. The different expressed gene between anoikis resistant A549 cell and adherent growth A549 cell was tested using human V2.0 whole-genome oligonucleotide microarray, a product of Capitalbio Corporation, Beijing. Screen metastasis-associated genes. Results 745 different expressed genes were screened, including 63 highly metastasis-associated genes. Conclusion The successfully established anoikis resistant A549 cell lines and screened different expressed genes provide us basis for further research on metastasis of lung cancer.

  19. In vitro toxicity of cationic micelles and liposomes in cultured human hepatocyte (HepG2) and lung epithelial (A549) cell lines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roursgaard, Martin; Knudsen, Kristina Bram; Northeved, Helle;

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the effects of cationic micelle and liposome drug delivery systems on liver and lung cells in a toxicological in vitro screening model, with observations on cytotoxicity and genotoxicity. A screening battery was established for assessment of a broad range of p...

  20. Inhibiting Effect and Its Mechanism of Ibandronate on the Proliferation of Humanized NSCLC A549 Cells in Vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAO Qiang; HUA Dong

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To explore the effect of ibandronate on the proliferation and the expression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cell line in vitro. Methods: Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, microscope, flow cytometry (FCM) and semi-quantitative RT-PCR were employed to detect the cell proliferation, cell cycle as well as the morphological change and the expression of hTERT mRNA of A549 cell line. Results:The data showed that ibandronate could effectively inhibit the proliferation of A549 cell line in time-and concentration-dependent. Under the microscope, the lfoating cells increased gradually as the drug concentration increasing. FCM detection showed that ibandronate could induce the cell cycle stopped in G0/G1 phase and downregulation expression of hTERT. Conclusion:Ibandronate can inhibit the proliferation of A549 cell line in vitro, whose mechanism may be associated with cell cycle arrestted in phase G0/G1 and downregulation expression of hTERT.

  1. Growth arrest and apoptosis via caspase activation of dioscoreanone in human non-small-cell lung cancer A549 cells

    OpenAIRE

    Hansakul, Pintusorn; Aree, Kalaya; Tanuchit, Sermkiat; Itharat, Arunporn

    2014-01-01

    Background Dioscoreanone (DN) isolated from Dioscorea membranacea Pierre has been reported to exert potent cytotoxic effects against particular types of cancer. The present study was carried out to investigate the cytotoxicity of DN against a panel of different human lung cancer cell lines. The study further examined the underlying mechanisms of its anticancer activity in the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549. Methods Antiproliferative effects of DN were determined by SRB and CFSE assa...

  2. HIF-1α基因沉默对A549肺癌细胞放射敏感性的影响%Analysis of radiosensitivity of A549 lung cancer cells with HIF-1α silencing by RNAi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洁清; 宋现让; 于金明; 魏玲; 王兴武

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨RNA干扰技术致HIF-1α基因沉默对裸鼠肺癌种植瘤放射敏感性的影响.方法 采用以慢病毒为载体的RNA干扰技术获得HIF-1α基因沉默的A549肺癌细胞株,用Western blot方法检测HIF-1α蛋白的表达.将A549/HIF-1α(-)细胞及A549细胞接种于4~6周BALB/C雄性裸小鼠,观察肿瘤生长情况.肿瘤体积达200~350 mm3时分别给予局部单次5、10、15和20 Gy X射线照射,观察对照组和照射组肿瘤体积和肿瘤生长延缓时间.结果 在常氧和乏氧状态下.A549/HIF-1α(-)细胞HIF-1α蛋白表达水平均显著下降,A549/HIF-1α(-)组裸鼠成瘤潜伏期较长,肿瘤生长慢于A549组(P<0.05),X射线照射对两种裸鼠种植瘤的生长均有抑制作用,但A549/HIF-1α(-)组肿瘤生长延缓显著.结论 RNA干扰技术能稳定阻断人肺腺癌A549细胞HIF-1α表达,HIF-1α基因沉默的肿瘤细胞对X射线照射更敏感.%Objective To observe the effect of HIF-1α silencing on human lung cancer cells radiosensitivity in nude mice.Methods A549/HIF-1α(-)cell line was established by RNAi with lentivims as vector.The expression of HIF-1α protein was analyzed by Western Blot.A549/HIF-1α(-)cells and A549 cells were injected into the male BALB/C nude mice aged 4-6 weeks.The tumors were locally irradiated with single doses(5,10,15 and 20 Gy)of X-ray irradiation when tumor sizes reached 200-350 mm3.The volumes of tumor were measured every 3 days.Time of the tumor growth delay was caculated.Results The expression 0f HIF-1αprotein of A549/HIF-1α(-)cells was inhibited significantly under both normoxia and hypoxia condjtion.A549/HIF-1α(-)tumors reproduced more slowly than A549 tumors(P<0.05).X-ray radiation could inhibit tumor growth of all groups.The growth delay of A549/HIF-1α(-)tumors was more significant than of A549 tumors(P<0.05).Conclusions The expression of HIF-1α can be stably blocked by RNAi.A549/HIF-1α(-)tumors appear to be more radiosensitive than A549 tumors.

  3. The Effect of dcEFs on migration behavior of A549 cells and Integrin beta1 expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunjie WANG

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective The effect of direct-current electric fields (dcEFs on cells attracted extensive attention. Moreover the metastasis and its potential are considered to be related to dcEFs. The aim is to study the effect of dcEFs on migration behavior of A549 cells, Integrin ?1 and its signal pathways. Methods According to exposure to 5 V/cm dcEFs or not and the time of exposure, the A549 cells were divided into 4 groups. Images were taken per 5 min within 2 h to recode the migration of the cells. The data of results were analyzed statistically. Results Most of A549cells exposed to the dcEFs aligned and elongated perpendicularly to the electric field lines and migrated to the cathode continually during 2 h. On the contrary, cells unexposed to dcEFs showed slightly random movements. Immunofluorescence showed that Integrin ?1 on plasma membrane polarized to the cathode of the dcEFs. Western blot showed that Integrin beta1 downstream signal pathways p-FAK and p-ERK were overexpressed in the dcEFs. Conclusion A549 cells have a galvanotatic feature of cathodal directed migration while exposed to the dcEFs. The polarization of Integrin beta1 and the promotion of its downstream signal pathways may play an important roles in the galvanotaxis of A549 cells.

  4. Inhibitory effect of toremifene monotherapy or combined with gemcitabine on A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianing Jiang; Danfeng Song; Jinbo Zhao; Xiuhua Sun

    2014-01-01

    Objective:The aim of this study was to investigate the ef ect of toremifene on A549 human lung adenocarci-noma cells, and its sensibilization with gemcitabine, so that to provide a new clinical approach for non-smal-celllung cancer (NSCLC). Methods:A549 cells were seeded into 96-wel plates and exposed to dif erent agents (gemcitabine or gemcitabine with toremifene). The cytotoxicity of each agent was evaluated by MTT, cellcycle and apoptotic rate were detected by flow cytometry (FCM). Results:1. By using FCM, we found A549 cells in S and G2/M phases with toremifene decreased but increased in G0/G1 phase. The higher concentration of toremifene, the more decreased was when compared with the control group. 2. FCM showed toremifene’s apoptosis ef ect on A549 cells increased with its increasing dose. 3. By MTT, toremifene had no cytotoxic ef ect on A549 cells at the concentration of 5 or 2.5 µmol/L. The IC50 of gemcitabine to A549 was 34.51 µmol/L, and the combined group was 13.59 µmol/L. Conclusion:Toremifene could inhibit the growth of A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Toremifene combined with gemcitabine showed significantly remarkable chemotherapy sensibilization on A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells.

  5. NMR studies of the relationship between the changes of membrane lipids and the cisplatin-resistance of A549/DDP cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Youguo

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Changes of membrane lipids in cisplatin-sensitive A549 and cisplatin-resistant A549/DDP cells during the apoptotic process induced by a clinical dose of cisplatin (30 μM were detected by 1H and 31P-NMR spectroscopy and by membrane fluidity measurement. The apoptotic phenotypes of the two cell lines were monitored with flow cytometry. The assays of apoptosis showed that significant apoptotic characteristics of the A549 cells were induced when the cells were cultured for 24 hours after treatment with cisplatin, while no apoptotic characteristic could be detected for the resistant A549/DDP cells even after 48 hours. The results of 1H-NMR spectroscopy demonstrated that the CH2/CH3 and Glu/Ct ratios of the membrane of A549 cells increased significantly, but those in A549/DDP cell membranes decreased. In addition, the Chol/CH3 and Eth/Ct ratios decreased for the former but increased for the latter cells under the same conditions. 31P-NMR spectroscopy indicated levels of phosphomonoesters (PME and ATP decreased in A549 but increased in A549/DDP cells after being treated with cisplatin. These results were supported with the data obtained from 1H-NMR measurements. The results clearly indicated that components and properties of membrane phospholipids of the two cell lines were significantly different during the apoptotic process when they were treated with a clinical dose of cisplatin. Plasma membrane fluidity changes during cisplatin treatment as detected with the fluorescence probe TMA-DPH also indicate marked difference between the two cell lines. We provided evidence that there are significant differences in plasma membrane changes during treatment of cisplatin sensitive A549 and resistant A549/DDP cells.

  6. Xylitol induces cell death in lung cancer A549 cells by autophagy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Eunjoo; Park, Mi Hee; Na, Hee Sam; Chung, Jin

    2015-05-01

    Xylitol is a widely used anti-caries agent that has anti-inflammatory effects. We have evaluated the potential of xylitol in cancer treatment. It's effects on cell proliferation and cytotoxicity were measured by MTT assay and LDH assay. Cell morphology and autophagy were examined by immunostaining and immunoblotting. Xylitol inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner in these cancer cells: A549, Caki, NCI-H23, HCT-15, HL-60, K562, and SK MEL-2. The IC50 of xylitol in human gingival fibroblast cells was higher than in cancer cells, indicating that it is more specific for cancer cells. Moreover, xylitol induced autophagy in A549 cells that was inhibited by 3-methyladenine, an autophagy inhibitor. These results indicate that xylitol has potential in therapy against lung cancer by inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing autophagy of A549 cells. PMID:25650339

  7. Influence of suppressor gene p16 on retinoic acid inducing cancer cell A549 differentiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective To investigate the role of suppressor gene p16 in the process of differential regulation of retinoic acid (RA) on the A549 lung cancer cells.Methods Tumor suppressor gene p16 was transferred into A549 cells and the cells were treated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATR) at the dosage of 5×10-6 mol/L for 4 d. After that, the proliferation and differentiation of A549 cells were examined by growth curve and cytometry analysis, the change of lung lineage-specific marker MUC1 was tested by immunohistochemical staining. Meanwhile, Western blot was used to observe the change of p16 protein expression in A549 cells treated with ATRA.Results ATRA could obviously inhibit the growth and induce the differentiation of A549 Cells that were transferred with p16 gene. There were more cells arrested in G1/G0 phase and the expression of MUG1 was markedly down-regulated than in control cells. The expression of p16 protein was up-regulated in A549 cells treated with ATRA.Conclusion Suppressor gene p16 could enhance the effects of RA and proliferated suppression and differential induction of A549 cells.

  8. Effect of XPA expression on the chemotherapy sensitivity of A549/DDP cells%着色性干皮病A基因表达对A549/DDP化疗敏感性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张强; 吴金香; 魏玉平; 郝俊青; 黄山英; 董亮

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨沉默着色性干皮病A(XPA)基因表达在非小细胞肺癌耐药细胞株顺铂化疗敏感性的影响.方法:采用免疫组化法、实时定量PCR(qPCR)及Western blot方法检测非小细胞肺癌患者肿瘤组织中XPA的表达情况.应用qPCR及Western blot方法检测A549/DDP细胞经XPA-shRNA转染后XPA-mRNA及其蛋白表达.通过MTT法检测沉默XPA基因后A549/DDP细胞凋亡情况及其对顺铂的敏感性.结果:肺癌组织XPA表达水平明显高于癌旁组织;沉默XPA基因能够促进A549/DDP细胞凋亡,并能提高A549/DDP对顺铂的药物敏感性.结论:沉默XPA基因表达能够逆转肺癌A549/DDP细胞对顺铂的耐药性.%AIM; To investigate the influence on platinum-based chemotherapy sensitivity by silencing xeroderma pigmentosum group A (XPA) gene expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) drug resistance cell lines (A549/ DDP). METHODS; We detected the expression of XPA in lung normal and tumor tissues by immunohistochemistry, quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting. We silenced XPA expression in A549/DDP cells by XPA-shRNA transfection, and detected the expression of XPA by qPCR and Western blotting. The cell sensitivity to cisplatin and the apoptosis of A549/DDP cells transfected with XPA-shRNA were determined by MTT assay. RESULTS: The expression of XPA was higher in NSCLC tissues than that in normal lung tissues. Silencing XPA gene increased the apoptosis and sensitivity of A549/DDP cells to cisplatin. CONCLUSION: Silencing XPA gene can partly reverse the cisplatin resistance in human cisplatin-resistant NSCLC cell line A549/DDP.

  9. Phospholipid flippase associates with cisplatin resistance in plasma membrane of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The fusion of the liposomes containing N-(7-nitro-2, 1, 3-benzoxadiazol-4-yl)-i ,2-hexadecanoylSn-glycero-3-1abeled phosphatidylethanolamine (NBD-PE) with A549 and A549/DDP cells was performed, and the activity of the phospholipid flippase in the plasma membrane of the cells was measured by fluorescence intensity change of NBDPE in the outer membrane. When A549 or A549/DDP cells containing N BD-PE were incubated at 37 C for 0, 30, 60 and 90 min, the fluorescence intensities in the outer membrane of the cells were 0%, 1.4%, 2.9% and 7.8% for A59cells, and 0%, 10.5 %, 15. 5 % and 18.3 % for A549/DDP cells respectively, demonstrating that the phospholipid flippase was distributed in the plasma membrane of As49 cells, but its activity in the drug-resistant A549/DDP cells was much higher than that in the A549 cells. When the A549/DDP cells were incubated with a multidrug resistance reverse agent, verapamil, for 60 min at 37C, the results showed that the NBD-PE in outer membrane decreased by 25.0% compared with the control's. Furthermore, when A549/DDP cells were incubated with 25 μmol/L cisplatin, which is a specific anticancer drug, the flippase activity decreased by 31.6%, and it further decreased with the increase of cisplatin concentration, suggesting that phospholipid flippase in the membrane might be related to the cisplatin-resistance of human lung adenocarcinoma cancer cells.

  10. Adhesion of MRC-5 and A549 cells on poly(dimethylsiloxane) surface modified by proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuchowska, Agnieszka; Kwiatkowski, Piotr; Jastrzebska, Elzbieta; Chudy, Michal; Dybko, Artur; Brzozka, Zbigniew

    2016-02-01

    PDMS is a very popular material used for fabrication of Lab-on-a-Chip systems for biological applications. Although PDMS has numerous advantages, it is a highly hydrophobic material, which inhibits adhesion and proliferation of the cells. PDMS surface modifications are used to enrich growth of the cells. However, due to the fact that each cell type has specific adhesion, it is necessary to optimize the parameters of these modifications. In this paper, we present an investigation of normal (MRC-5) and carcinoma (A549) human lung cell adhesion and proliferation on modified PDMS surfaces. We have chosen these cell types because often they are used as models for basic cancer research. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first presentation of this type of investigation. The combination of a gas-phase processing (oxygen plasma or ultraviolet irradiation) and wet chemical methods based on proteins' adsorption was used in our experiments. Different proteins such as poly-l-lysine, fibronectin, laminin, gelatin, and collagen were incubated with the activated PDMS samples. To compare with other works, here, we also examined how ratio of prepolymer to curing agent (5:1, 10:1, and 20:1) influences PDMS hydrophilicity during further modifications. The highest adhesion of the tested cells was observed for the usage of collagen, regardless of PDMS ratio. However, the MRC-5 cell line demonstrated better adhesion than A549 cells. This is probably due to the difference in their morphology and type (normal/cancer). PMID:26311334

  11. Ophiopogonin B induces apoptosis, mitotic catastrophe and autophagy in A549 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Meijuan; Guo, Yuanyuan; Zhao, Ruolin; Wang, Xiaoxia; Jiang, Miao; Fu, Haian; Zhang, Xu

    2016-07-01

    Ophiopogonin B (OP-B), a saponin compound isolated from Radix Ophiopogon japonicus, was verified to inhibit cell proliferation in numerous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells in our previous study. However, the precise mechanisms of action have remained unclear. In the present study, we mainly investigated the effects of OP-B on adenocarcinoma A549 cells to further elaborate the underlying mechanisms of OP-B in different NSCLC cell lines. Detection by high content screening (HCS) and TUNEL assay verified that OP-B induced apoptosis in this cell line, while detection of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax showed that OP-B induced cell death was caspase and mitochondrial independent. Further experiments showed that OP-B induced cell cycle arrest in the S and G2/M phases by inhibiting the expression of Myt1 and phosphorylation of Histone H3 (Ser10), which resulted in mitotic catastrophe in the cells. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observation of cell micro-morphology combined with detection of Atgs by western blot analysis showed that OP-B induced autophagy in this cell line. Autophagy inhibition by the lysosome inhibitor CQ or Beclin1-siRNA knockdown both attenuated cell viability, demonstrated that autophagy also being the vital reason resulted in cell death. More importantly, the xenograft model using A549 cells provided further evidence of the inhibition of OP-B on tumor proliferation. Immunohistochemistry detection of LC3 and Tunel assay both verified that high dose of OP-B (75 mg/kg) induced autophagy and apoptosis in vivo, and western blot detection of p-Histone H3 (Ser10), Survivin and XIAP further indicated the molecular mechanism of OP-B in vivo. As our findings revealed, multiple types of cell death overlapped in OP-B treated A549 cells, it displayed multitarget characteristics of the compounds extracted from the Chinese herbal, which may be used as candidate anticancer medicine in clinic.

  12. Ophiopogonin B induces apoptosis, mitotic catastrophe and autophagy in A549 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Meijuan; Guo, Yuanyuan; Zhao, Ruolin; Wang, Xiaoxia; Jiang, Miao; Fu, Haian; Zhang, Xu

    2016-07-01

    Ophiopogonin B (OP-B), a saponin compound isolated from Radix Ophiopogon japonicus, was verified to inhibit cell proliferation in numerous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells in our previous study. However, the precise mechanisms of action have remained unclear. In the present study, we mainly investigated the effects of OP-B on adenocarcinoma A549 cells to further elaborate the underlying mechanisms of OP-B in different NSCLC cell lines. Detection by high content screening (HCS) and TUNEL assay verified that OP-B induced apoptosis in this cell line, while detection of Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax showed that OP-B induced cell death was caspase and mitochondrial independent. Further experiments showed that OP-B induced cell cycle arrest in the S and G2/M phases by inhibiting the expression of Myt1 and phosphorylation of Histone H3 (Ser10), which resulted in mitotic catastrophe in the cells. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observation of cell micro-morphology combined with detection of Atgs by western blot analysis showed that OP-B induced autophagy in this cell line. Autophagy inhibition by the lysosome inhibitor CQ or Beclin1-siRNA knockdown both attenuated cell viability, demonstrated that autophagy also being the vital reason resulted in cell death. More importantly, the xenograft model using A549 cells provided further evidence of the inhibition of OP-B on tumor proliferation. Immunohistochemistry detection of LC3 and Tunel assay both verified that high dose of OP-B (75 mg/kg) induced autophagy and apoptosis in vivo, and western blot detection of p-Histone H3 (Ser10), Survivin and XIAP further indicated the molecular mechanism of OP-B in vivo. As our findings revealed, multiple types of cell death overlapped in OP-B treated A549 cells, it displayed multitarget characteristics of the compounds extracted from the Chinese herbal, which may be used as candidate anticancer medicine in clinic. PMID:27175570

  13. Measuring Attachment and Internalization of Influenza A Virus in A549 Cells by Flow Cytometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohl, Marie O; Stertz, Silke

    2015-01-01

    Attachment to target cells followed by internalization are the very first steps of the life cycle of influenza A virus (IAV). We provide here a detailed protocol for measuring relative changes in the amount of viral particles that attach to A549 cells, a human lung epithelial cell line, as well as in the amount of particles that are internalized into the cell. We use biotinylated virus which can be easily detected following staining with Cy3-labeled streptavidin (STV-Cy3). We describe the growth, purification and biotinylation of A/WSN/33, a widely used IAV laboratory strain. Cold-bound biotinylated IAV particles on A549 cells are stained with STV-Cy3 and measured using flow cytometry. To investigate uptake of viral particles, cold-bound virus is allowed to internalize at 37 °C. In order to differentiate between external and internalized viral particles, a blocking step is applied: Free binding spots on the biotin of attached virus on the cell surface are bound by unlabeled streptavidin (STV). Subsequent cell permeabilization and staining with STV-Cy3 then enables detection of internalized viral particles. We present a calculation to determine the relative amount of internalized virus. This assay is suitable to measure effects of drug-treatments or other manipulations on attachment or internalization of IAV. PMID:26575457

  14. DNA damage response signaling in lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells following gamma and carbon beam irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghosh, Somnath [Radiation Biology and Health Sciences Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Narang, Himanshi, E-mail: himinarang@gmail.com [Radiation Biology and Health Sciences Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Sarma, Asitikantha [Radiation Biology Laboratory, Inter University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067 (India); Krishna, Malini [Radiation Biology and Health Sciences Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2011-11-01

    Carbon beams (5.16 MeV/u, LET = 290 keV/{mu}m) are high linear energy transfer (LET) radiation characterized by higher relative biological effectiveness than low LET radiation. The aim of the current study was to determine the signaling differences between {gamma}-rays and carbon ion-irradiation. A549 cells were irradiated with 1 Gy carbon or {gamma}-rays. Carbon beam was found to be three times more cytotoxic than {gamma}-rays despite the fact that the numbers of {gamma}-H2AX foci were same. Percentage of cells showing ATM/ATR foci were more with {gamma}-rays however number of foci per cell were more in case of carbon irradiation. Large BRCA1 foci were found in all carbon irradiated cells unlike {gamma}-rays irradiated cells and prosurvival ERK pathway was activated after {gamma}-rays irradiation but not carbon. The noteworthy finding of this study is the early phase apoptosis induction by carbon ions. In the present study in A549 lung adenocarcinoma, authors conclude that despite activation of same repair molecules such as ATM and BRCA1, differences in low and high LET damage responses might be due to their distinct macromolecular complexes rather than their individual activation and the activation of cytoplasmic pathways such as ERK, whether it applies to all the cell lines need to be further explored.

  15. Empirical study on the anti-proliferation effect of siRNA against pokemon on human lung cancer cell line A549%siRNA干扰Pokemon基因影响A549细胞增殖的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢勇; 江涛

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究siRNA干扰Pokemon基因对肺腺癌A549细胞增殖抑制效应的变化.方法 专业设计合成3条针对Pokemon的siRNA,分别转染A549细胞后,RT-PCR检测转录水平Pokemon mRNA表达的变化,筛选出其中最高效的1条siRNA;用MTT法检测该siRNA干扰Pokemon对A549细胞增殖的抑制作用;流式细胞技术检测该siRNA干扰Pokemon对A549细胞凋亡的影响.结果 3条siRNA均成功转染A549细胞,倒置荧光显微镜下观察细胞呈圆绿色.RT-PCR结果显示有2条siRNA使细胞中Pokemon的mRNA表达降低(P<0.05).MTT法结果显示siRNA干扰Pokemon后对A549细胞增殖有抑制作用(P<0.05),其中48 h抑制效率达(24.14±1.39)%.流式细胞技术检测结果显示该siRNA干扰Pokemon可增加A549细胞的凋亡,凋亡率为14.05%.结论 应用RNA干扰Pokemon基因能够抑制A549细胞的增殖,促进A549细胞的凋亡.Pokemon基因有可能成为肺癌治疗中的一个新靶点.

  16. Establishment of Methotrexate Enantiomers Resistant A549 Cell Lines of Human NSCCL and Its Biological Characteristics%氨甲蝶呤对映体耐药A549细胞株的建立及其生物学特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶绍能; 何晓东; 董林; 李明; 朱园园; 孙自敏; 沈佐君

    2009-01-01

    目的 诱导并建立耐氨甲蝶呤对映体的A549细胞株并观察耐药细胞系(L-(+)-MTX/A549、D-(-)-MTX/A549)的生物学特性.方法 以MTX对映体为诱导剂,采用浓度递增结合低剂量持续诱导方法诱导A549细胞株,建立MTX不同对映体耐药细胞系;倒置相差显微镜观察细胞形态变化;MTT法绘制细胞生长曲线;MTT法检测耐药细胞株的耐药指数;流式细胞仪检测细胞周期和细胞的分裂增殖能力.结果 L-(+)-MTX/AS49、D-(-)-MTX/A549耐药指数分别为6.0的和20.2.倒置相差显微镜观察细胞形态发生了改变;细胞生长曲线显示D-(-)-MTX/A549的增殖略慢于亲本细胞,而L-(+)-MTX/A549的增殖最慢;流式细胞仪检测细胞周期结果显示L-(+)-MTX/A549、D(-)-MTX/A549耐药细胞株S期细胞数量减少(P<0.05),G0/G1期细胞增多(P<0.05);CFSE检测A549、L-(+)-MTX/A549、D-(-)-MTX/A549的MFl分别为(6.08±0.55),(7.72±0.30)、(6.90±0.18).两对映体细胞株间有明显手性差异.结论 本研究建立了MTX两种对映体耐药细胞株,为进一步研究其耐药机制提供了一种实验模型.

  17. Epithelial mesenchymal transition of non-small-cell lung cancer cells A549 induced by SPHK1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min Ni; Xiao-Lei Shi; Zhi-Gang Qu; Hong Jiang; Zi-Qian Chen; Jun Hu

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the effect and molecular mechanism ofSPHK1 in the invasion and metastasis process of non-small-cell lung cancer cells(A549).Methods:Recombinant retrovirus was used to mediate the production ofA549/vector,A549/SPHK1,A549/scramble, andA549/SPHK1/RNAi that stably expressed or silencedSPHK1.The invasion and migration capacities of A549 cells overexpressing or silencingSPHK1 were determined usingTranswell invasion assay and scratch wound repair experiment.The protein and mRNA expression levels ofE-cadherin, fibronectin, vimentin inA549/vector,A549/SPHK1,A549/scramble,A549/SPHK1/RNAi were detected withWestern blot(WB) and quantitativePCR(QPCR) methods, respectively.Results:Transwell invasion assay and scratch wound repair experiments showed that over-expression of SPHK1 obviously enhanced the invasion and migration capacities ofA549 cells.WB andQPCR detection results showed that, the expression ofE-cadherin(a molecular marker of epithelial cells) and fibronectin, vimentin(molecular markers of mesenchymal cells) inA549 cells was upregulated after overexpression ofSPHK1; whileSPHK1 silencing significantly reduced the invasion and metastasis capacities ofA549cells, upregulated the expression of molecular marker of epithelial cells, and downregulated the expression of molecular marker of mesenchymal cells. Conclusions:SPHK1 promotes epithelial mesenchymal transition of non-small-cell lung cancer cells and affects the invasion and metastasis capacities of these cells.

  18. P型铜转运ATP酶(ATP7B)在肺腺癌细胞株A549中的表达与顺铂耐药的关系%Expression of Copper-Transporting P-Type Adenosine Triphosphatase(ATP7B) Correlates with Cisplatin-Resistance in Human Lung Adenocarcinoma Cell Line A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高贵洲; 王建军; 石思恩

    2009-01-01

    背景与目的 顺铂作为肺癌的基础化疗药物,顺铂耐药是导致肺癌患者化疗失败的重要原因.本实验通过检测P型铜转运ATP酶在肺腺癌细胞A549不同水平耐药株中的表达,以评估ATP7B与A549细胞顺铂耐药的关系.方法采用逐步增加顺铂剂量的方法,诱导出3株不同水平耐顺铂A549细胞株A549/DDP0.5、A549/DDP1.0、A549/DDP2.0,MTT方法检测各组别细胞对顺铂敏感性,应用RT-PCR及Western Blot方法分别检测各组别细胞的ATP7B的mRNA及蛋白表达水平,分析A549细胞顺铂敏感性与ATP7B表达水平的关系.结果相对于亲本A549细胞,3组耐药细胞的顺铂耐药指数分别达到了1.7、3.2、5.2(P<0.001),与此相对应ATP7B的mRNA表达水平分别达到了亲本A549细胞的1.6、4.9、10.1倍(P<0.001),同样地ATP7B的蛋白表达水平也呈现出与顺铂耐药性相平行的递增性高表达.结论肺腺癌细胞A549的顺铂耐药与细胞ATP7B高表达有关,后者的高表达有可能促成了A549细胞的获得性顺铂耐药.

  19. Effect of anti-miR-155 oligonucleotides on proliferation of human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549%Anti-miR-155反义寡核苷酸对肺腺癌A549细胞增殖的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹学武; 安江洪; 陈正堂

    2008-01-01

    目的 观察anti-miR-155反义寡核苷酸(AMOs)对肺腺癌A549细胞增殖的影响.方法 A549细胞分为对照组和AMOs处理组,采用AMOs抑制A549细胞内miR-155的活性,液闪计数仪测定[3H]-TdR掺入量,MTT法测定细胞增殖抑制率,流式细胞仪测定细胞周期.结果 与对照组相比,AMOs显著减少A549细胞[3H]-TdR掺入量,随着浓度从10 nmol/L逐渐增加至100 nmol/L,A549细胞[3H]-TdR掺入量亦随之减少.MTT法测定细胞增殖抑制率结果显示,与对照组相比,AMOs显著抑制A549细胞的增殖.流式细胞术检测结果显示AMOs使GO/G1细胞比例显著增加,G2/M期细胞比例显著减少.结论 采用AMOs抑制A549细胞内高水平表达miR-155的活性后,可显著抑制A549细胞的增殖.

  20. Radiation-Induced Bystander Effects in A549 Cells Exposed to 6 MV X-rays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Shuning; Xu, Jing; Shao, Weixian; Geng, Chong; Li, Jia; Guo, Feng; Miao, Hui; Shen, Wenbin; Ye, Tao; Liu, Yazhou; Xu, Haiting; Zhang, Xuguang

    2015-07-01

    The aim of the study is to explore the bystander effects in A549 cells that have been exposed to 6MV X-ray. Control group, irradiated group, irradiated conditioned medium (ICM)-received group, and fresh medium group were designed in this study. A549 cells in the logarithmic growth phase were irradiated with 6MV X-ray at 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2. In ICM-received group, post-irradiation A549 cells were cultured for 3 h and were transferred into non-irradiated A549 cells for further cultivation. Clone forming test was applied to detect the survival fraction of cells. Annexin V-FITC/PI double-staining assay was used to detect the apoptosis of A549 cells 24, 48, 72, and 96 h after 2-Gy 6MV X-ray irradiation, and the curves of apoptosis were drawn. The changes in the cell cycles 4, 48, 72, and 96 h after 2-Gy 6MV X-ray irradiation were detected using PI staining flow cytometry. With the increase of irradiation dose, the survival fraction of A549 cells after the application of 0.5 Gy irradiation was decreasing continuously. In comparison to the control group, the apoptosis rate of the ICM-received group was increased in a time-dependent pattern, with the highest apoptosis rate observed at 72 h (p A549 cell damage, indicating that 6MV X-ray irradiation can induce bystander effect on A549 cells, which reaches a peak at 72 h. PMID:25686868

  1. Effects of the Spider Venom on proliferation of Human Lung Adenocarcinoma Cell A549

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zengxiang HU

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective The spider venom may inspire new drugs to treat cancer. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects and mechanisms of spider venom on lung adenocarcinoma cell A549. Methods The proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells was detected by MTT. The apoptosis rate was observed with MTT assay and flow cytometer. The activity of catalase was detected by colorimetry. The malondialdehyde (MDA content was determined by improved thiobarbituric acid fluorometric method. The expression of P38MAPK protein was analyzed with Western blot. Results Spider venom can remarkably inhibite the proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells, increased activity of catalase and MDA content, down-regulated expression of P38MAPK compared with the control group. Conclusion The reduced proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells by spider venom is may be associated with the increased of activity of catalase and MDA content and decreased expression of P38MAPK.

  2. Effects of paclitaxel on cell proliferation and apoptosis and its mechanism in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Baoan Gao; Chunling Du; Wenbo Ding; Shixiong Chen; Jun Yang

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effect of paclitaxel on cell proliferation and apoptosis of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells line and its mechanism in vitro. Methods: Cell growth inhibition of paclitaxel on A549 cells was analyzed by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was detected by DNA cytofluorometry, Hoechst33258 staining when treated with paclitaxel for 48hours. Meanwhile, Cell cycle and apoptotic rate were analyzed by flow cytometry. The protein expressions of Bax and Bcl-2 were studied by Western Blot. Results: Paclitaxel inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells in a time-and dose-dependant manner.Hoechst33258 staining indicated that apoptosis was induced by paclitaxel. After treated for 48 hours, cell apoptosis rates of 25nmol/L, 50 nmol/L and 100 nmol/L paclitaxel groups were 11.52 ± 1.94% ,17.73 ± 2.53%, and 29.32 ± 5.51% respectively,which were significantly higher than those of control group 5.88 ± 1.07%(all P < 0.01 ), and apoptosis rate increased in dose-dependant manner. Meanwhile, G2/M stage cell percentage of 25 nmol/L, 50 nmol/L and 100 nmol/L paclitaxel groups were 42.52± 6.25%, 40.46 ± 5.81%, and 35.34 ± 6.17% respectively,which were significantly higher than that of control group 22.32 ±3.30%(all P < 0.01 ); Western blot showed that paclitaxel increased the expression of Bax and decreased the expression of Bcl-2 in dose-dependant manner. Conclusion: Paclitaxel can inhibit A549 cell proliferation in a time- and dose-dependant manner. Its mechanism may be related to arresting cell cycle in G2/M stage and induce cell apoptosis by up-modulating Bax expression and down-modulating Bcl-2 expression.

  3. MicroRNA-490-3p inhibits proliferation of A549 lung cancer cells by targeting CCND1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gu, Haihua; Yang, Tao; Fu, Shaozi; Chen, Xiaofan; Guo, Lei; Ni, Yiming, E-mail: ni_yiming@hotmail.com

    2014-01-31

    Highlights: • We examined the level of miR-490-3p in A549 lung cancer cells compared with normal bronchial epithelial cell line. • We are the first to show the function of miR-490-3p in A549 lung cancer cells. • We demonstrate CCND1 may be one of the targets of miR-490-3p. - Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate the translation of messenger RNAs by binding their 3′-untranslated region (3′UTR). In this study, we found that miR-490-3p is significantly down-regulated in A549 lung cancer cells compared with the normal bronchial epithelial cell line. To better characterize the role of miR-490-3p in A549 cells, we performed a gain-of-function analysis by transfecting the A549 cells with chemically synthesized miR-490-3P mimics. Overexpression of miR-490-3P evidently inhibits cell proliferation via G1-phase arrest. We also found that forced expression of miR-490-3P decreased both mRNA and protein levels of CCND1, which plays a key role in G1/S phase transition. In addition, the dual-luciferase reporter assays indicated that miR-490-3P directly targets CCND1 through binding its 3′UTR. These findings indicated miR-490-3P could be a potential suppressor of cellular proliferation.

  4. Cabazitaxel-induced autophagy via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway contributes to A549 cell death

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huo, Ruichao; Wang, Lili; Liu, Peijuan; Zhao, Yong; Zhang, Caiqin; Bai, Bing; Liu, Xueying; Shi, Changhong; Wei, Sanhua; Zhang, Hai

    2016-01-01

    Cabazitaxel has been used to treat castration-resistant prostate cancer since its approval by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2010. However, whether cabazitaxel may inhibit the proliferation of other tissue-derived cancer cells, and its underlying mechanism, remains unknown. In the present study, the A549 lung adenocarcinoma cancer cell line was exposed to cabazitaxel, in order to investigate its cytotoxic effect and determine the underlying mechanism. The results demonstrated that cabazitaxel was able to induce autophagy in A549 cells, as evidenced by the formation of autophagosomes, upregulated LC3-II expression and increased LC3 puncta. Cabazitaxel-induced autophagy had a cytotoxic effect on A549 cells, as evidenced by the induction of cell death and cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase, which was independent of the apoptotic pathway. Furthermore, transfection with Beclin1 small interfering RNA and treatment with the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine protected cells from cabazitaxel-induced cell death, thus confirming that cabazitaxel-induced autophagy contributed to A549 cell death. In addition, cabazitaxel targeted the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway to induce autophagy, as indicated by reduced phosphorylation of Akt and mTOR. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that cabazitaxel exerts a cytotoxic effect on A549 cells by acting on the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway to promote autophagic cell death. This result supports the potential use of cabazitaxel as a chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of lung cancer. PMID:27572899

  5. Cabazitaxel-induced autophagy via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway contributes to A549 cell death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huo, Ruichao; Wang, Lili; Liu, Peijuan; Zhao, Yong; Zhang, Caiqin; Bai, Bing; Liu, Xueying; Shi, Changhong; Wei, Sanhua; Zhang, Hai

    2016-10-01

    Cabazitaxel has been used to treat castration-resistant prostate cancer since its approval by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2010. However, whether cabazitaxel may inhibit the proliferation of other tissue‑derived cancer cells, and its underlying mechanism, remains unknown. In the present study, the A549 lung adenocarcinoma cancer cell line was exposed to cabazitaxel, in order to investigate its cytotoxic effect and determine the underlying mechanism. The results demonstrated that cabazitaxel was able to induce autophagy in A549 cells, as evidenced by the formation of autophagosomes, upregulated LC3‑II expression and increased LC3 puncta. Cabazitaxel‑induced autophagy had a cytotoxic effect on A549 cells, as evidenced by the induction of cell death and cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase, which was independent of the apoptotic pathway. Furthermore, transfection with Beclin1 small interfering RNA and treatment with the autophagy inhibitor 3‑methyladenine protected cells from cabazitaxel‑induced cell death, thus confirming that cabazitaxel‑induced autophagy contributed to A549 cell death. In addition, cabazitaxel targeted the phosphoinositide 3‑kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway to induce autophagy, as indicated by reduced phosphorylation of Akt and mTOR. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that cabazitaxel exerts a cytotoxic effect on A549 cells by acting on the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway to promote autophagic cell death. This result supports the potential use of cabazitaxel as a chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of lung cancer.

  6. Diallyl trisnlfide induces apoptosis and inhibits proliferation of A549 cells in vitro and in vivo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenjun Li; Bin Hao; Cun Gao; Libo Si; Fei Gao; Hui Tian; Lin Li; Shuhai Li; Weiming Yue; Zhitao Chen; Lei Qi; Wensi Hu; Yingchao Zhu

    2012-01-01

    Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality all over the world.In recent years,pulmonary adenocarcinoma has surpassed squamous cell carcinoma in frequency and is the predominant form of lung cancer in many countries.Epidemiological investigations have shown an inverse relationship between garlic (Allium sativum) consumption and death rate from many cancers.Diallyl trisulfide (DATS) is one of the garlic-derived compounds (also known as:organosulfer compounds,OSC).DATS can induce apoptosis and inhibit the growth of many cancer cell lines.Our study demonstrated that the apoptotic incidents induced by DATS were a mitochondriadependent caspase cascade through a significant decrease of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 that resulted in up-regulation of the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 and the activity of caspase-3,-8,and -9.Eventually,DATS induced the apoptosis and inhibitedthe proliferation in a concentration- and time-dependentmanner.Furthermore,by establishing an animal model of female BALB/c nude mice with A549 xenografts,we found that oral gavage of DATS significantly retarded growth of A549 xenografts in nude mice without causing weight loss or any other side effects compared with the control group.All the evidence both in vitro and in vivo suggested that DATS could be an ideal anti-cancer drug.

  7. Inhibition of lung cancer cells A549 and H460 by curcuminoid extracts and nanoemulsions prepared from Curcuma longa Linnaeus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Hong-Bin; Chen, Bing-Huei

    2015-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to explore the inhibition mechanism of lung cancer cells A549 and H460 by curcuminoid extracts and nanoemulsions prepared from Curcuma longa Linnaeus. In addition, human bronchus epithelial cell line BEAS-2B (normal cell) was selected for comparison. A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed to separate and quantify the various curcuminoids in C. longa extract, including curcumin (1,714.5 μg/mL), demethoxycurcumin (1,147.4 μg/mL), and bisdemethoxycurcumin (190.2 μg/mL). A high-stability nanoemulsion composed of Tween 80, water, and curcuminoid extract was prepared, with mean particle size being 12.6 nm. The cell cycle was retarded at G2/M for both the curcuminoid extract and nanoemulsion treatments; however, the inhibition pathway may be different. H460 cells were more susceptible to apoptosis than A549 cells for both curcuminoid extract and nanoemulsion treatments. Growth of BEAS-2B remained unaffected for both the curcuminoid extract and nanoemulsion treatments, with a concentration range from 1 to 4 μg/mL. Also, the activities of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 followed a dose-dependent increase for both A549 and H460 cells for both the treatments, accompanied by a dose-dependent increase in cytochrome C expression and a dose-dependent decrease in CDK1 expression. Interestingly, a dose-dependent increase in cyclin B expression was shown for A549 cells for both the treatments, while a reversed trend was found for H460 cells. Both mitochondria and death receptor pathways may be responsible for apoptosis of both A549 and H460 cells.

  8. Wogonin has multiple anti-cancer effects by regulating c-Myc/SKP2/Fbw7α and HDAC1/HDAC2 pathways and inducing apoptosis in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin-mei Chen

    Full Text Available Wogonin is a plant monoflavonoid which has been reported to inhibit cell growth and/or induce apoptosis in various tumors. The present study examined the apoptosis-inducing activity and underlying mechanism of action of wogonin in A549 cells. The results showed that wogonin was a potent inhibitor of the viability of A549 cells. Apoptotic protein changes detected after exposure to wogonin included decreased XIAP and Mcl-1 expression, increased cleaved-PARP expression and increased release of AIF and cytochrome C. Western blot analysis showed that the activity of c-Myc/Skp2 and HDAC1/HDAC2 pathways, which play important roles in tumor progress, was decreased. Quantitative PCR identified increased levels of c-Myc mRNA and decreased levels of its protein. Protein levels of Fbw7α, GSK3β and Thr58-Myc, which are involved in c-Myc ubiquitin-dependent degradation, were also analyzed. After exposure to wogonin, Fbw7α and GSK3β expression decreased and Thr58-Myc expression increased. However, MG132 was unable to prevent c-Myc degradation. The present results suggest that wogonin has multiple anti-cancer effects associated with degradation of c-Myc, SKP2, HDAC1 and HDAC2. Its ability to induce apoptosis independently of Fbw7α suggests a possible use in drug-resistance cancer related to Fbw7 deficiency. Further studies are needed to determine which pathways are related to c-Myc and Fbw7α reversal and whether Thr58 phosphorylation of c-Myc is dependent on GSK3β.

  9. 人肺癌A549细胞系肿瘤干细胞的筛选和鉴定%Identiifcation and Isolation of Cancer Stem Cells from A549 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏晖; 于长海; 张文; 张宝石; 赵英男; 方芳

    2013-01-01

    Background and objective Lung cancer stem cells are the root causes of lung cancer malignant phe-notype and potential therapeutic target, the aim of this study is to isolate and characterize the cancer stem cells in the lung adenoearcinomas cell line A549, so as to provide an experimental basis for further stem cell research. Methods hTe cancer stem cells were isolated from the lung adenoearcinomas cell line A549 using FACS. And the difference of colony formation, cell proliferation and tumorigenicity in vitro were also tested. hTe expression of CD133 and ABCG2 were evaluated by RT-PCR and Western blot. Results hTe percentage of SP cells was 5.93%of A549 and 0.32%of A549 atfer incubation with verapamil. hTe results showed that there were signiifcantly higher expression of CD133 and ABCG2 on SP cells than that of non-SP cells. And the ability of colony formation, cell proliferation and tumorigenicity in SP cell group were remarkably higher than that in non-SP cell group. Conclusion Our results suggested that the cancer stem cells with higher expression of CD133 and ABCG2 can be isolated from the lung adenoearcinomas cell line A549 using FACS and be used in the further research experiments.%背景与目的肺癌干细胞是肺癌恶性表型的根源和潜在的治疗靶点,从人肺癌A549细胞株中分离肺癌干细胞,观察特异性干细胞标志物分子的表达,为进一步的干细胞研究提供试验基础。方法接种肺癌A549细胞株,经流式细胞术,特异性筛选分离肺癌干细胞,观察克隆形成能力、细胞增殖能力和体外致瘤能力的差别,并分别用RT-PCR和Western blot的方法分析干细胞标志物分子CD133和ABCG2的表达。结果经过流式细胞仪成功分选了人肺腺癌A549细胞系SP细胞亚群,结果表明此SP细胞亚群约占A549细胞总数的5.93%,经维拉帕米处理后Hoechest33342阴性/弱阳性细胞含量下降为0.32%,SP细胞克隆形成能力,细胞增殖能力和

  10. Synthesis, characterization and anticancer activity studies of ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes on A549 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Chuan-Chuan; Jiang, Guang-Bin; Lai, Shang-Hai; Zhang, Cheng; Yin, Hui; Tang, Bing; Wan, Dan; Liu, Yun-Jun

    2016-08-01

    Four new ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes [Ru(N-N)2(bddp)](ClO4)21-4 (N-N=dmb: 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine 1, bpy: 2,2'-bipyridine 2, phen: 1,10-phenanthroline 3 and dmp: 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline 4, bddp=benzilo[2,3-b]-1,4-diazabenzo[i]dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, ESI-MS and (1)H NMR. The cytotoxicity in vitro of the complexes against BEL-7402, HeLa, MG-63 and A549 cell lines was investigated by MTT method. The complexes show high cytotoxic activity toward the selected cell lines with an IC50 value ranging from 5.3±0.6 to 15.7±3.6μM. The apoptosis was studied with acridine orange (AO)/ethdium bromide (EB) and Hoechst 33258 staining methods. The cellular uptake was investigated with DAPI staining method. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential were performed under fluorescent microscope and flow cytometry. The complexes can induce an increase in the ROS levels and a decrease in the mitochondrial membrane potential. The comet assay was studied with fluorescent microscope. The percentage in apoptotic and necrotic cells and cell cycle arrest were assayed by flow cytometry. The effects of the complexes on the expression of caspases and Bcl-2 family proteins were studied by western blot analysis. The results show that the complexes induce apoptosis in A549 cells through an ROS-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction pathway, which was accompanied by regulating the expression of Bcl-2 family proteins. PMID:27288660

  11. Effect of Hedgehog signaling pathway on epithelial-mesenchymal transition of lung cancer cell line A549 induced by TGF-β1%Hedgehog信号通路在TGF-β1诱导肺腺癌A549细胞上皮-间质转化中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李华; 达丽隽; 范卫东; 张献全

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨阻断Hedgehog信号通路对转化生长因子-β1(transforming growth factor-β1,TGF-β1)诱导的人肺腺癌A549细胞上皮-间质转化(epithelial-mesenchymal transition,EMT)的影响.方法:采用TGF-β1(5 ng/mL)处理A549细胞后,通过对细胞形态的观察、EMT标志蛋白上皮细胞钙黏蛋白(E-cadherin)和波形蛋白(vimentin)表达的检测及细胞划痕实验,观察TGF-β1对A549细胞发生EMT的影响;实时荧光定量-PCR和蛋白质印迹法检测对Gli1 mRNA及其蛋白表达水平的影响.然后,分别采用Hedgehog信号通路特异性阻断剂cyclopamine和GANT61特异性阻断A549细胞中的Hedgehog信号通路,再用TGF-β1(5 ng/mL)处理A549细胞,实时荧光定量PCR和蛋白质印迹法检测Gli1 mRNA及其蛋白表达水平的改变,蛋白质印迹法和细胞免疫荧光检测EMT相关蛋白E-cadherin和vimentin表达的变化,Transwell小室侵袭法检测对A549细胞侵袭能力的影响.结果:TGF-β1能够诱导A549细胞发生EMT,并使Hedgehog信号通路下游的信号转导因子Gii1 mRNA (P=0.031)及蛋白(P=0.035)的表达水平明显上调.采用cyclopamine和GANT61特异性地阻断A549细胞中的Hedgehog信号通路后,cyclopamine组及GANT61组中vimentin蛋白表达水平与未阻断组相比明显下调,其中以GANT61组最为显著(P=0.001);而上皮细胞标志蛋白E-cadherin表达明显上调,仍以GANT61组最为显著(P=0.000):Transwell小室侵袭实验检测结果显示,cyclopamine和GANT61均能降低A549细胞的侵袭能力,与TGF-β1单药组相比,差异均有统计学意义(P=0.000).结论:Hedgehog特异性阻断剂GANT61和cyclopamine可以减少TGF-β1诱导的A549细胞EMT,提示Hedgehog信号转导通路在A549细胞EMT中起重要作用.

  12. Enrichment and identification of lung adenocarcinoma initiating cells from A 549%A549肺腺癌始动细胞的富集和鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林盛; 张振华; 饶明月; 吴敬波

    2013-01-01

    Objective To obtain the lung adenocarcinoma initiating cells from the A 549 cell line based on paclitaxel treatment combination with serum-free cultivation and to validate spared cells can represent tumor initiating cells (TICs) .Methods After dis-sociated by trypsogen ,about 106 /mL cells were suspended in serum-free medium supplemented with 0 .4% bovine serum albumin (BSA) ,insulin ,basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) ,human recombinant epidermal growth factor (EGF) and obtained spheroid cells .At the second passage ,paclitaxel was added at a concentration of 100 nmol/L for 48 h and then replaced with completely fresh medium once or twice per week until new spheroids emerged .Results The subpopulation of cells that survived serum-free cultiva-tion and paclitaxel treatment could highly express the cluster of differentiation 133/cluster of differentiation (CD133/CD326) mo-lecular markers and have features of stemness including differentiation ,high expression of cancer stem cells (CSCs)-associated genes and stronger capability of tumorigenesis .Conclusion The survived subpopulation that highly express the CD 133/CD326 molecu-lar markers presenting the characteristics of stemness in vitro and in vivo ,and could be used in future researches of biological functions .%目的:利用紫杉醇联合无血清培养完成对 A549肺腺癌始动细胞的富集并鉴定富集亚群的干细胞特性。方法对数生长期的 A549细胞经胰酶消化,干细胞培养基重悬,得到成球状生长的细胞;传至第2代时加入紫杉醇作用48 h ,离心去除死细胞和紫杉醇,换新鲜干细胞培养基培养,至存活细胞恢复克隆生长后鉴定其干细胞相关特性。结果紫杉醇联合无血清培养方式成功从 A549细胞中富集得到肿瘤干细胞,该群细胞高表达分化抗原簇蛋白133/人上皮细胞黏附分子(CD133/CD326),具有多向分化潜能、高表达干细胞相关基因及更强的致瘤能力,具备

  13. Aptamer based electrochemical sensor for detection of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Rachna; Varun Agrawal, Ved; Sharma, Pradeep; Varshney, R.; Sinha, R. K.; Malhotra, B. D.

    2012-04-01

    We report results of the studies relating to development of an aptamer-based electrochemical biosensor for detection of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. The aminated 85-mer DNA aptamer probe specific for the A549 cells has been covalently immobilized onto silane self assembled monolayer (SAM) onto ITO surface using glutaraldehyde as the crosslinker. The results of cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry studies reveal that the aptamer functionalized bioelectrode can specifically detect lung cancer cells in the concentration range of 103 to 107 cells/ml with detection limit of 103 cells/ml within 60 s. The specificity studies of the bioelectrode have been carried out with control KB cells. No significant change in response is observed for control KB cells as compared to that of the A549 target cells.

  14. Role of Rad52 in fractionated irradiation induced signaling in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghosh, Somnath, E-mail: ghosh.barc@gmail.com [Radiation Biology and Health Sciences Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085 (India); Krishna, Malini, E-mail: malinik00@gmail.com [Radiation Biology and Health Sciences Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085 (India)

    2012-01-03

    The effect of fractionated doses of {gamma}-irradiation (2 Gy per fraction over 5 days), as delivered in cancer radiotherapy, was compared with acute doses of 10 and 2 Gy, in A549 cells. A549 cells were found to be relatively more radioresistant if the 10 Gy dose was delivered as a fractionated regimen. Microarray analysis showed upregulation of DNA repair and cell cycle arrest genes in the cells exposed to fractionated irradiation. There was intense activation of DNA repair pathway-associated genes (DNA-PK, ATM, Rad52, MLH1 and BRCA1), efficient DNA repair and phospho-p53 was found to be translocated to the nucleus of A549 cells exposed to fractionated irradiation. MCF-7 cells responded differently in fractionated regimen. Silencing of the Rad52 gene in fractionated group of A549 cells made the cells radiosensitive. The above result indicated increased radioresistance in A549 cells due to the activation of Rad52 gene.

  15. Role of Rad52 in fractionated irradiation induced signaling in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Somnath; Krishna, Malini

    2012-01-01

    The effect of fractionated doses of γ-irradiation (2Gy per fraction over 5 days), as delivered in cancer radiotherapy, was compared with acute doses of 10 and 2Gy, in A549 cells. A549 cells were found to be relatively more radioresistant if the 10Gy dose was delivered as a fractionated regimen. Microarray analysis showed upregulation of DNA repair and cell cycle arrest genes in the cells exposed to fractionated irradiation. There was intense activation of DNA repair pathway-associated genes (DNA-PK, ATM, Rad52, MLH1 and BRCA1), efficient DNA repair and phospho-p53 was found to be translocated to the nucleus of A549 cells exposed to fractionated irradiation. MCF-7 cells responded differently in fractionated regimen. Silencing of the Rad52 gene in fractionated group of A549 cells made the cells radiosensitive. The above result indicated increased radioresistance in A549 cells due to the activation of Rad52 gene. PMID:22001234

  16. ERK1/2 activation modulates pyocyanin-induced toxicity in A549 respiratory epithelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Amanda; Davey, Andrew K; Perkins, Anthony V; Grant, Gary D; McFarland, Amelia J; McDermott, Catherine M; Anoopkumar-Dukie, Shailendra

    2014-02-01

    Pyocyanin (PCN), a virulence factor produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, has many damaging effects on mammalian cells. Several lines of evidence suggest that this damage is primarily mediated by its ability to generate oxidative stress. However mechanisms underlying PCN-induced oxidative injury remain unclear. Although oxidative stress and subsequent MAPK signaling has been shown to modulate cell death in other models, its role in PCN-induced cytotoxicity remains unknown. Therefore the aim of this study was to investigate the role of redox-sensitive MAPK in PCN-induced toxicity in A549 cells. Here we show that PCN (50μM) rapidly increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation after 5min. Pre-treatment of A549 cells with the MEK1/2 inhibitor U0126 (10μM) decreased PCN-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation and protected cells against apoptosis and cell injury suggesting a role for ERK signalling. In contrast, JNK and p38 MAPK phosphorylation remained unchanged following exposure to PCN and pretreatment with either the JNK or p38 MAPK inhibitors (10μM SP600125 and 10μM SB203580, respectively) did not afford protection against PCN toxicity. This would suggest that PCN-induced cytotoxicity appears to occur independently of JNK and p38 MAPK signaling pathways. Finally, although we confirm that oxidative stress contributes to PCN-induced toxicity, our data suggest the contribution of oxidative stress is independent of ERK1/2 signaling. These findings may provide insight for novel targeted therapies to reduce PCN-mediated lung injury in patients with chronic P. aeruginosa respiratory infections.

  17. Transcription Activity of Ectogenic Human Carcinoembryonic Antigen Promoter in Lung Adenocarcinoma Cells A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIONG Weining; FANG Huijuan; XU Yongjian; XIONG Shendao; CAO Yong; SONG Qingfeng; ZENG Daxiong; ZHANG Huilan

    2006-01-01

    The transcription activity of ectogenic human carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) promoter in lung adenocarcinoma cells A549 was investigated for the further gene-targeting therapy. The reporter gene green fluorescent protein (GFP) driven by CEA promoter and human cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter were relatively constructed and named plasmid pCEA-EGFP and pCMV-GFP respectively. The intensity of fluorescence was detected by fluorescence microscope and flow cytometry analysis after the pCEA-GFP and pSNAV-GFP plasmids were transfected into A549 cells through liposome respectively. The results showed (4.08±0.63) % of the A549 cells transfected with pCEA-AFP plasmid expressed, significantly lower than that of the A549 cells transfected with pCMV-GFP [(43.27±3.54) %]. It was suggested that ectogenic human CEA promoter in lung adenocarcinoma cells A549 was weakly expressed. The distinct specificity of CEA promoter in CEA high expression cells was regarded as a tool in selective gene therapy, but the transcription activity of ectogenic human CEA promoter was needed to increase in the future.

  18. Effect of Juglone in qinglongyi on cell cycle status and apoptosis in A-549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZOU Xiang; KONG Ling-sheng; JI Yu-bin

    2008-01-01

    Objective To explore the inhibition of juglone in Qinglongyi on A-549 cells in vitro. Methods MTT assay was used. Laser confocal scanning microscope was used to observe apoptotic morphology.Changes of cell cycle are studied by flow cytometry analysis. Results MTT assay showed that juglone had a marked growth inhibition in A-549 cells and the IC50 is respectively 3.4×10-5 mol·L-1, 1.8×10-5 mol·L-1 and 2.6×10-6 mol·L-1 after treatment for 24, 48 and 72 h by juglone. Through Laser confocal scanning microscope, we can see that juglone can induce the apoptosis. Cell cycle changes are analyzed by flow cytometry with cells at G1 phase significantly less than those of control and ceils at G2 phase significantly more than those of control. Conclusions It suggests that juglone could apoptosis of A-549 cells with the cell cycle arrest on G2 phase in distinct dose-dependent manner.

  19. Wnt/β-catenin signaling regulates cancer stem cells in lung cancer A549 cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wnt/β-catenin signaling plays an important role not only in cancer, but also in cancer stem cells. In this study, we found that β-catenin and OCT-4 was highly expressed in cisplatin (DDP) selected A549 cells. Stimulating A549 cells with lithium chloride (LiCl) resulted in accumulation of β-catenin and up-regulation of a typical Wnt target gene cyclin D1. This stimulation also significantly enhanced proliferation, clone formation, migration and drug resistance abilities in A549 cells. Moreover, the up-regulation of OCT-4, a stem cell marker, was observed through real-time PCR and Western blotting. In a reverse approach, we inhibited Wnt signaling by knocking down the expression of β-catenin using RNA interference technology. This inhibition resulted in down-regulation of the Wnt target gene cyclin D1 as well as the proliferation, clone formation, migration and drug resistance abilities. Meanwhile, the expression of OCT-4 was reduced after the inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Taken together, our study provides strong evidence that canonical Wnt signaling plays an important role in lung cancer stem cell properties, and it also regulates OCT-4, a lung cancer stem cell marker.

  20. 利用PCR-SSP法研究肺腺癌细胞系A549、Calu-6的HLA-ABDR等位基因%Study on HLA-ABDR alleles in A549 and Calu-6 lung cancer cell lines with PCR-SSP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓波; 林一丹; 王如文; 蒋耀光

    2006-01-01

    背景和目的已有的研究表明人类白细胞抗原(HLA)在抗原呈递及T细胞识别抗原的过程中起关键作用,此外还与肿瘤细胞的免疫杀伤及免疫逃避有着密切的关系.本研究探讨了人肺腺癌细胞系A549、Calu-6中HLA-A、HLA-B、HLA-DR等位基因的存在状况.方法分离A549、Calu-6细胞DNA,分别行PCR-SSP法扩增、电泳后紫外透射扫描,根据反应格局表对HLA-A、HLA-B、HLA-DR进行判定.结果A549与Calu-6细胞中HLA-A、HLA-B基因较杂合子均有缺失,而HLA-DR基因无缺失.A549细胞HLA-ABDR的基因分型为HLA-A30、HLA-B44、HLA-DR7/HLA-DR53.Calu-6细胞HLA-ABDR的基因分型为HLA-A01、HLA-B08、HLA-DR17/HLA-DR52.结论肺腺癌中存在HLA-Ⅰ和HLA-Ⅱ基因.HLA-Ⅰ基因可能在肿瘤细胞传代过程中发生选择性丢失,而HLA-DR基因完整保留.检测肿瘤HLA对了解其免疫学行为及建立肿瘤特异性杀伤淋巴细胞(CTL)模型具有重要意义.

  1. G4-Tetra DNA Duplex Induce Lung Cancer Cell Apoptosis in A549 Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xiaobo; Zhao, YiZhuo; Lu, Hu; Fu, Cuiping; Li, Xiao; Jiang, Liyan; Li, Shanqun

    2016-10-01

    The specific DNA is typically impermeable to the plasma membrane due to its natural characters, but DNA tetra structures (DTNs) can be readily uptake by cells in the absence of transfection agents, providing a new strategy to deliver DNA drugs. In this research, the delivery efficiency of tetrahedral DNA nanostructures was measured on adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial (A549) cells via delivering AS1411 (G4). The DNA tetra-AS1411 complex was rapidly and abundantly uptake by A549 cells, and the induced apoptosis was enhanced. Furthermore, biodistribution in mouse proved the rapid clearance from non-targeted organs in vivo. This study improved the understanding of potential function in DNA-based drug delivery and proved that DTNs-AS1411 could be potentially useful for the treatment of lung cancer.

  2. Expression of epidermal growth factor receptor gene in methotrexate enantiomers-resistant A549 cells and influence on cellular migration ability%氨甲蝶呤对映体耐药A549细胞的表皮生长因子受体基因表达及迁移能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张白银; 何晓东; 孙余婕; 张永娟; 嵇金陵; 沈佐君

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究氨甲蝶呤(MTX)对映体耐药人非小细胞肺癌A549细胞的迁移能力以及表皮生长因子受体(EGFR)mRNA的表达.方法 用细胞划痕试验检测L-(+)-MTX/A549细胞和D-(-)-MTX/A549细胞的迁移能力;双层软琼脂克隆试验检测L-(+ )-MTX/A549细胞和D-(-)-MTX/A549细胞的克隆形成率并观察集落的形态;用RT-PCR检测亲本A549细胞、L-(+ )-MTX/A549细胞和D-(-)-MTX/A549细胞中EGFR mRNA的表达.结果 加入MTX 72 h后D-(-)-MTX/A549细胞的迁移能力(1 230.1±40.2)高于L-(+ )-MTX/A549细胞(530.3±25.4);D-(-)-MTX/A549细胞、L-(+ )-MTX/A549细胞和亲本A549细胞的克隆形成率(%)分别为(1.38±0.17)、(1.36±0.13)和(1.37±0.15),差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);亲本A549细胞、L(+)-MTX/A549细胞均有EGFR mRNA表达,其光密度值(IDV)分别为(6 630±64)、(3 697±27),差异有统计学意义(t=103.42,P<0.01).而D-(-)-MTX/A549细胞不表达EGFR.结论 D-(-)-MTX诱导的A549细胞的迁移能力大于L-(+ )-MTX.EGFR基因表达具有手性差异.%Objective To investigate the migration ability of methotrexate (MTX) enantiomers -resistant non-small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) cell line A549 and the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in the cells. Methods The migration ability of L-( + )-MTX/A549 and D-( -) -MTX/A549 cells were evaluated by cell scratch assay. The colony formation rates and the morphology of cell cluster of L-( + ) ,MTX/A549 and D-(-) -MTX/A549 were determined by double-layer soft agar colony formation assay. The mRNA expression of EGFR in parental A549 cells, L-( + )-MTX/A549 cells, D-(-)-MTX/A549 cells were detected by RT-PCR. Results The migration ability of D-(-)-MTX/A549 cells (1 230. 1 ±40. 2) was stronger than that of L-( + )-MTX/A549 cells (530.3 ±25.4) at72 h after adding MTT. The rate of colony formation in D-(-)-MTX/A549, L-( + }-MTX/A549 and parental A549 cells was (1.38 ±0.17), (1.36±0.13) and (1.37 ±0. 15) respectively. There was

  3. Silica nanoparticles and biological dispersants: genotoxic effects on A549 lung epithelial cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, David M., E-mail: d.brown@hw.ac.uk [Heriot-Watt University, Nanosafety Research Group, School of Life Sciences (United Kingdom); Varet, Julia, E-mail: julia.varet@IOM-world.org [Institute of Occupational Medicine (United Kingdom); Johnston, Helinor, E-mail: h.johnston@hw.ac.uk; Chrystie, Alison; Stone, Vicki, E-mail: v.stone@hw.ac.uk [Heriot-Watt University, Nanosafety Research Group, School of Life Sciences (United Kingdom)

    2015-10-15

    Silica nanoparticle exposure could be intentional (e.g. medical application or food) or accidental (e.g. occupational inhalation). On entering the body, particles become coated with specific proteins depending on the route of entry. The ability of silica particles of different size and charge (non-functionalized 50 and 200 nm and aminated 50 and 200 nm) to cause genotoxic effects in A549 lung epithelial cells was investigated. Using the modified comet assay and the micronucleus assay, we examined the effect of suspending the particles in different dispersion media [RPMI or Hanks’ balanced salt solution (HBSS), supplemented with bovine serum albumin (BSA), lung lining fluid (LLF) or serum] to determine if this influenced the particle’s activity. Particle characterisation suggested that the particles were reasonably well dispersed in the different media, with the exception of aminated 50 nm particles which showed evidence of agglomeration. Plain 50, 200 nm and aminated 50 nm particles caused significant genotoxic effects in the presence of formamidopyrimidine-DNA glycosylase when dispersed in HBSS or LLF. These effects were reduced when the particles were dispersed in BSA and serum. There was no significant micronucleus formation produced by any of the particles when suspended in any of the dispersants. The data suggest that silica particles can produce a significant genotoxic effect according to the comet assay in A549 cells, possibly driven by an oxidative stress-dependent mechanism which may be modified depending on the choice of dispersant employed.

  4. Inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor expression by RNA interference in A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MinZHANG; XinZHANG; Chun-xueBAI; JieCHEN; MinQWEI

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the biological features of A549 cells in which epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors expression were suppressed by RNA interference (RNAi). METHODS: A549 cells were transfected using short small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) formulated with Lipofectamine 2000. The EGF receptor numbers were determined by Western blotting and flowcytometry. The antiproliferative effects of sequence specific double stranded RNA (dsRNA) were assessed using cell count, colony assay and scratch assay. The chemosensitivity of transfected cells to cisplatin was measured by MTT. RESULTS: Sequence specific dsRNA-EGFR down-regulated EGF receptor expression dramatically. Compared with the control group, dsRNA-EGFR reduced the cell number by 85.0 %, decreased the colonies by 63.3 %, inhibited the migration by 87.2 %, and increased the sensitivity of A549 to cisplatin by four-fold. CONCLUSION: Sequence specific dsRNA-EGFR were capable of suppressing EGF receptor expression, hence significantly inhibiting cellular proliferation and motility, and enhancing chemosensitivity of A549 cells to cisplatin. The successful application of dsRNA-EGFR for inhibition of proliferation in EGF receptor overexpressing cells can help extend the list of available therapeutic modalities in the treatment of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC).

  5. 吉西他滨对人肺癌A549细胞株CN-Ⅱ,APE/Ref-1mRNA和蛋白表达的影响%Effects of Gemcitabine on Expression of CN-Ⅱ,APE/Ref-1 mRNA and Protein in Human Lung Cancer Cell Line A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋东; 周曙光; 刘玥; 李晓栋; 王姗姗; 唐小龙

    2009-01-01

    [目的]研究人肺癌A549细胞株在吉西他滨化疗时CN-Ⅱ,APE/Ref-1基因表达的变化,并探讨其在肺癌化疗耐药中所起的作用.[方法]不同浓度吉西他滨0、10、20、40及60 μmol/L作用人肺癌A549细胞株24 h,分别以RT-PCR 及Western blot方法测定用药后CN-Ⅱ和APE/Ref-1的mRNA及蛋白表达情况. [结果]吉西他滨作用人肺癌A549细胞株24 h后,CN-Ⅱ和APE/Ref-1的mRNA及蛋白表达水平均明显上升,并与吉西他滨的浓度呈正相关(CN-Ⅱ RT-PCR:r=0.687,P=0.009;Western blot:r=0.594,P=0.021;APE/Ref-1 RT-PCR:r=0.669,P=0.010;Western blot:r=0.562,P=0.029). [结论]CN-Ⅱ和APE/Ref-1在肺癌化疗时表达明显增强,可能与化疗耐药性的产生有关,并提示针对CN-Ⅱ和APE/Ref-1的靶向干预可能有助于提高肺癌的化疗敏感性.

  6. A novel polysaccharide from Sargassum integerrimum induces apoptosis in A549 cells and prevents angiogensis in vitro and in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ge; Kuang, Shan; Wu, Shimei; Jin, Weihua; Sun, Chaomin

    2016-01-01

    Many polysaccharides isolated from plants have exhibited promising antitumor activities. The aim of this study is to investigate the antitumor activity of the novel polysaccharide named SPS from Sargassum integerrimum, elucidate the underlying anticancer mechanism in a human lung cancer cell line A549, and evaluate its anti-angiogenic activity both in vitro and in vivo. The results show that SPS significantly reduces A549 cells viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner via MTT method. Flow cytometry analysis indicates that SPS could induce cell apoptosis, the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and G2/M phase cell cycle arrest of A549 cells. Up-regulation of the expressions of P53 and Bax, down-regulation of the expression of Bcl-2, and activation of cleaved caspase-3, caspase-9 and PARP are also detected by western blotting after the treatment of SPS. In addition, SPS inhibits the proliferation, migration and cord formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro, and prevents the vascular development of zebrafish embryos in vivo. Altogether, our data prove the anticancer and anti-angiogenesis properties of SPS, and provide further insights into the potential pharmacological application of SPS as antitumor and anti-angiogenic agent against lung cancer. PMID:27216943

  7. 线粒体靶向MPG基因重组体对人非小细胞肺癌多药耐药细胞A549/DDP增殖的抑制作用%Inhibitory Effect of Human Mitochondria-targeted MPG Recombinant on Proliferation of Human Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Multidrug-resistant Cell Line A549/DDP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余时沧; 钱桂生; 李玉英; 陆卫忠; 李瑾; 黄桂君

    2006-01-01

    背景与目的:多药耐药是影响肺癌化疗效果的重要因素.本研究拟构建线粒体靶向人N-甲基化嘌呤DNA糖基化酶(MPG)基因真核表达载体,观察其在稳定转染的人非小细胞肺癌多药耐药细胞线粒体内的表达情况,并研究其对多药耐药细胞增殖的抑制作用.方法:应用重叠延伸剪接技术重组锰超氧化物歧化酶(MnSOD)线粒体靶向序列-MPG融合基因(mito-MPG);构建pCMV-Script/mitoMPG重组真核表达载体;脂质体将其转染至人非小细胞肺癌多药耐药细胞A549/DDP;G418筛选稳定表达的转染细胞;RT-PCR检测mito-MPG基因mRNA的表达水平;分离线粒体蛋白后应用Western blot检测MPG在线粒体内的表达水平;台盼蓝拒染法检测细胞增殖能力;流式细胞术检测细胞周期分布.结果:构建的融合基因经过DNA测序分析;构建的重组载体经限制性酶切分析及DNA测序分析证实为pCMV-Script/mito-MPG重组真核表达载体;转染pCMV-Script/mito-MPG载体组(MPG组)检测到mito-MPG mRNA的表达,转染pCMV-Script载体组(P组)及未转染组(C组)细胞内则未检测到;MPG组细胞线粒体内检测到MPG,P组及C组则未检测到;MPG组细胞增殖能力明显下降,P组及C组细胞增殖能力无明显差异,倍增时间分别为72.6h(C组)、73.5 h(P组)、98.9 h(MPG组);分裂增殖指数分别为51.3%(C组)、54.3%(P组)、26.1%(MPG组),MPG组出现亚二倍体峰.结论:成功构建了线粒体靶向人MPG基因表达载体,MPG在MnSOD线粒体靶向序列的引导下,顺利地进入了A549/DDP细胞线粒体内,并导致其增殖能力下降,部分细胞死亡.

  8. Nimesulide has a role of radio-sensitizer against lung carcinoma A549 cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Won, Joo Yoon; Park, Jong Kuk; Hong, Sung Hee [Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-07-01

    Cyclooxygenases (COX) are key enzymes in the prostaglandin synthesis. There are two isoforms of the COX enzyme, COX-1 and COX-2. COX-2 expression is associated with carcinogenesis in variety of cancers and to render cells resistant to apoptotic stimuli. Increased expression of COX-2 is shown in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), specifically in adenocarcinomas. Radiotherapy has been the important treatment for NSCLC. In recent studies, newer molecules that target specific pathophysiology or molecular pathways have been tested for the radiation sensitizers. COX-2 inhibitors are shown to enhanced radioresponse of cultured human cancer cell lines and immunodeficient mice. However, little is known about the molecular and biochemical mechanisms how NSAIDs enhance radioresponse of tumor cells. Nimesulide (methanesulfonamide, N-(4-nitro-2- phenoxyphenyl)), selective COX-2 inhibitors, is a drug with anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic and analgesic properties. Nimesulide has the specific affinity to inhibit the inducible form of cyclooxygenase (COX-2) rather than the constitutive form (COX-1), and is well tolerated by adult, elderly and pediatric patients. Nimesulide was found also to have a chemopreventive activity against colon, urinary bladder, breast, tongue, and liver carcinogenesis. In this study, we examined whether nimesulide can increase radiation induced cell death and its mechanism in NSCLC cells A549.

  9. Nimesulide has a role of radio-sensitizer against lung carcinoma A549 cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cyclooxygenases (COX) are key enzymes in the prostaglandin synthesis. There are two isoforms of the COX enzyme, COX-1 and COX-2. COX-2 expression is associated with carcinogenesis in variety of cancers and to render cells resistant to apoptotic stimuli. Increased expression of COX-2 is shown in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), specifically in adenocarcinomas. Radiotherapy has been the important treatment for NSCLC. In recent studies, newer molecules that target specific pathophysiology or molecular pathways have been tested for the radiation sensitizers. COX-2 inhibitors are shown to enhanced radioresponse of cultured human cancer cell lines and immunodeficient mice. However, little is known about the molecular and biochemical mechanisms how NSAIDs enhance radioresponse of tumor cells. Nimesulide (methanesulfonamide, N-(4-nitro-2- phenoxyphenyl)), selective COX-2 inhibitors, is a drug with anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic and analgesic properties. Nimesulide has the specific affinity to inhibit the inducible form of cyclooxygenase (COX-2) rather than the constitutive form (COX-1), and is well tolerated by adult, elderly and pediatric patients. Nimesulide was found also to have a chemopreventive activity against colon, urinary bladder, breast, tongue, and liver carcinogenesis. In this study, we examined whether nimesulide can increase radiation induced cell death and its mechanism in NSCLC cells A549

  10. Human lung epithelial cell A549 proteome data after treatment with titanium dioxide and carbon black.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vuong, Ngoc Q; Goegan, Patrick; Mohottalage, Susantha; Breznan, Dalibor; Ariganello, Marianne; Williams, Andrew; Elisma, Fred; Karthikeyan, Subramanian; Vincent, Renaud; Kumarathasan, Premkumari

    2016-09-01

    Here, we have described the dataset relevant to the A549 cellular proteome changes after exposure to either titanium dioxide or carbon black particles as compared to the non-exposed controls, "Proteomic changes in human lung epithelial cells (A549) in response to carbon black and titanium dioxide exposures" (Vuong et al., 2016) [1]. Detailed methodologies on the separation of cellular proteins by 2D-GE and the subsequent mass spectrometry analyses using MALDI-TOF-TOF-MS are documented. Particle exposure-specific protein expression changes were measured via 2D-GE spot volume analysis. Protein identification was done by querying mass spectrometry data against SwissProt and RefSeq protein databases using Mascot search engine. Two-way ANOVA analysis data provided information on statistically significant A549 protein expression changes associated with particle exposures.

  11. Human lung epithelial cell A549 proteome data after treatment with titanium dioxide and carbon black.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vuong, Ngoc Q; Goegan, Patrick; Mohottalage, Susantha; Breznan, Dalibor; Ariganello, Marianne; Williams, Andrew; Elisma, Fred; Karthikeyan, Subramanian; Vincent, Renaud; Kumarathasan, Premkumari

    2016-09-01

    Here, we have described the dataset relevant to the A549 cellular proteome changes after exposure to either titanium dioxide or carbon black particles as compared to the non-exposed controls, "Proteomic changes in human lung epithelial cells (A549) in response to carbon black and titanium dioxide exposures" (Vuong et al., 2016) [1]. Detailed methodologies on the separation of cellular proteins by 2D-GE and the subsequent mass spectrometry analyses using MALDI-TOF-TOF-MS are documented. Particle exposure-specific protein expression changes were measured via 2D-GE spot volume analysis. Protein identification was done by querying mass spectrometry data against SwissProt and RefSeq protein databases using Mascot search engine. Two-way ANOVA analysis data provided information on statistically significant A549 protein expression changes associated with particle exposures. PMID:27508218

  12. Human lung epithelial cell A549 proteome data after treatment with titanium dioxide and carbon black

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ngoc Q. Vuong

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Here, we have described the dataset relevant to the A549 cellular proteome changes after exposure to either titanium dioxide or carbon black particles as compared to the non-exposed controls, “Proteomic changes in human lung epithelial cells (A549 in response to carbon black and titanium dioxide exposures” (Vuong et al., 2016 [1]. Detailed methodologies on the separation of cellular proteins by 2D-GE and the subsequent mass spectrometry analyses using MALDI-TOF-TOF-MS are documented. Particle exposure-specific protein expression changes were measured via 2D-GE spot volume analysis. Protein identification was done by querying mass spectrometry data against SwissProt and RefSeq protein databases using Mascot search engine. Two-way ANOVA analysis data provided information on statistically significant A549 protein expression changes associated with particle exposures.

  13. Radix Tetrastigma hemsleyani flavone inhibits proliferation, migration, and invasion of human lung carcinoma A549 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhong LR

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Liangrui Zhong,1 Junxian Zheng,2 Qianqian Sun,3 Kemin Wei,2 Yijuan Hu2 1Department of Oncology, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Affiliated to Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, 2Department of Chinese Medicine, Zhejiang Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 3Department of Chinese Medicine, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Radix Tetrastigma hemsleyani flavone (RTHF is widely used as a traditional herb and has detoxification and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigated the potential effects of RTHF on the growth and metastasis of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and evaluated its mechanisms. A549 cells were treated with RTHF at various concentrations for different periods. In vitro Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and colony formation methods showed that RTHF had dose- and time-dependent antiproliferation effects on A549 cells. A cell adhesion assay showed that RTHF decreased A549 cell adhesion in a dose-dependent manner. Cell invasion and migration were investigated using the Transwell assay and observed using an inverted microscope; the results showed that cell metastasis was significantly lower in the treatment group than that in the control group (P<0.01. Expression of metastasis-related matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. The results showed that the expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 decreased, while that of TIMP-2 increased significantly in the RTHF group when compared with the results of the control group. These results show that RTHF exhibits antigrowth and antimetastasis activity in lung cancer A549 cells by decreasing the expression of MMP-2/-9 and TIMP-1 and increasing that of TIMP-2. Keywords: flavone, radix Tetrastigma hemsleyani, metastasis, lung cancer

  14. Differential Regulation of Gene Expression of Alveolar Epithelial Cell Markers in Human Lung Adenocarcinoma-Derived A549 Clones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroshi Kondo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Stem cell therapy appears to be promising for restoring damaged or irreparable lung tissue. However, establishing a simple and reproducible protocol for preparing lung progenitor populations is difficult because the molecular basis for alveolar epithelial cell differentiation is not fully understood. We investigated an in vitro system to analyze the regulatory mechanisms of alveolus-specific gene expression using a human alveolar epithelial type II (ATII cell line, A549. After cloning A549 subpopulations, each clone was classified into five groups according to cell morphology and marker gene expression. Two clones (B7 and H12 were further analyzed. Under serum-free culture conditions, surfactant protein C (SPC, an ATII marker, was upregulated in both H12 and B7. Aquaporin 5 (AQP5, an ATI marker, was upregulated in H12 and significantly induced in B7. When the RAS/MAPK pathway was inhibited, SPC and thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1 expression levels were enhanced. After treatment with dexamethasone (DEX, 8-bromoadenosine 3′5′-cyclic monophosphate (8-Br-cAMP, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX, and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF, surfactant protein B and TTF-1 expression levels were enhanced. We found that A549-derived clones have plasticity in gene expression of alveolar epithelial differentiation markers and could be useful in studying ATII maintenance and differentiation.

  15. In vitro growth suppression of transfection of p73 gene to human lung adenocarcionoma cell lines H1299 and A549%p73基因转染抑制肺腺癌细胞系H1299和A549体外生长的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何勇; 范士志; 蒋耀光; 陈建明; 李志平; 刘苹

    2004-01-01

    目的探讨p73基因转染对肺腺癌细胞体外生长的抑制作用及p73基因治疗肺腺癌的可能性. 方法利用脂质体将p73β基因转导入两株分别对p53基因治疗敏感和耐受的肺腺癌细胞系H1299(p53-null)和A549(wtp53)中,对p73蛋白过表达的细胞进行细胞生长曲线、克隆形成率分析,并用流式细胞术分析p73β基因对肺腺癌细胞周期的影响和细胞增殖的抑制作用. 结果导入p73β基因能使H1299和A549细胞发生G1期阻滞,生长速度明显减慢,克隆形成率下降.结论外源性p73β基因转染可以抑制肺腺癌细胞体外生长,且这种抑制作用与p53基因无关.因此该基因在肿瘤基因治疗上有广泛的应用前景.

  16. Inhibition of lung cancer cells A549 and H460 by curcuminoid extracts and nanoemulsions prepared from Curcuma longa Linnaeus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang HB

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Hong-Bin Chang,1 Bing-Huei Chen1,21Department of Food Science, 2Graduate Institute of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, TaiwanAbstract: The objectives of this study were to explore the inhibition mechanism of lung cancer cells A549 and H460 by curcuminoid extracts and nanoemulsions prepared from Curcuma longa Linnaeus. In addition, human bronchus epithelial cell line BEAS-2B (normal cell was selected for comparison. A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC method was developed to separate and quantify the various curcuminoids in C. longa extract, including curcumin (1,714.5 µg/mL, demethoxycurcumin (1,147.4 µg/mL, and bisdemethoxycurcumin (190.2 µg/mL. A high-stability nanoemulsion composed of Tween 80, water, and curcuminoid extract was prepared, with mean particle size being 12.6 nm. The cell cycle was retarded at G2/M for both the curcuminoid extract and nanoemulsion treatments; however, the inhibition pathway may be different. H460 cells were more susceptible to apoptosis than A549 cells for both curcuminoid extract and nanoemulsion treatments. Growth of BEAS-2B remained unaffected for both the curcuminoid extract and nanoemulsion treatments, with a concentration range from 1 to 4 µg/mL. Also, the activities of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 followed a dose-dependent increase for both A549 and H460 cells for both the treatments, accompanied by a dose-dependent increase in cytochrome C expression and a dose-dependent decrease in CDK1 expression. Interestingly, a dose-dependent increase in cyclin B expression was shown for A549 cells for both the treatments, while a reversed trend was found for H460 cells. Both mitochondria and death receptor pathways may be responsible for apoptosis of both A549 and H460 cells.Keywords: curcuminoid extract, curcuminoid nanoemulsion, Curcuma longa Linnaeus, lung cancer cell, cell cycle, apoptosis mechanism

  17. Phloretin induces apoptosis of non-small cell lung carcinoma A549 cells via JNK1/2 and p38 MAPK pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min, Jie; Huang, Kenan; Tang, Hua; Ding, Xinyu; Qi, Chen; Qin, Xiong; Xu, Zhifei

    2015-12-01

    Phloretin (Ph) existing in apples, pears and various vegetables is known to have antitumor activities in several cancer cell lines. However, little is known about its effect on human lung cancer cells. The aim of the present study was to see whether Ph could induce apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, and explore the possible underlying mechanism of action. We found that Ph markedly induced cell apoptosis of NSCLC cell line A549, and inhibited the migration of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The expression level of BAX, cleaved caspase-3 and -9, and degraded form of PARP was increased and Bcl-2 was decreased after Ph treatment. In addition, the phosphorylation of P38 MAPK, ERK1/2 and JNK1/2 was increased in a dose‑dependent manner in parallel with Ph treatment. Inhibition of P38 MAPK and JNK1/2 by specific inhibitors significantly abolished the Ph-induced activation of the caspase-3 and -9. In vivo tumor-suppression assay further indicated that Ph (20 mg/kg) displayed a more significant inhibitory effect on A549 xenografts in tumor growth. All these findings indicate that Ph is able to inhibit NSCLC A549 cell growth by inducing apoptosis through P38 MAPK and JNK1/2 pathways, and therefore may prove to be an adjuvant to the treatment of NSCLC.

  18. Telomere shortening and cell senescence induced by perylene derivatives in A549 human lung cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taka, Thanachai; Huang, Liming; Wongnoppavich, Ariyaphong; Tam-Chang, Suk-Wah; Lee, T Randall; Tuntiwechapikul, Wirote

    2013-02-15

    Cancer cells evade replicative senescence by re-expressing telomerase, which maintains telomere length and hence chromosomal integrity. Telomerase inhibition would lead cancer cells to senesce and therefore prevent cancer cells from growing indefinitely. G-quadruplex ligands can attenuate telomerase activity by inducing G-quadruplex formation at the 3'-overhang of telomere and at the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter; the former prevents telomerase from accessing the telomere, and the latter acts as a transcriptional silencer. The present investigation found that perylene derivatives PM2 and PIPER induced G-quadruplex formation from both telomeric DNA and the hTERT promoter region in vitro. Further, TRAP assay showed that these compounds inhibited telomerase in a dose-dependent manner. When A549 human lung cancer cells were treated with these compounds, hTERT expression was down-regulated. Moreover, the crude protein extract from these treated cells exhibited less telomerase activity. In the long-term treatment of A549 lung cancer cells with sub-cytotoxic dose of these perylenes, telomere shortening, reduction of cell proliferation and tumorigenicity, and cell senescence were observed. The results of this study indicate that perylene derivatives warrant further consideration as effective agents for cancer therapy.

  19. A proteomic study on human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 by 2-DE and MALDI-TOF-MS%人肺腺癌细胞系A549细胞双向电泳-飞行时间质谱研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨拴盈; 田应选; 南岩东; 卜丽娜; 霍树芬; 阮禹松

    2007-01-01

    目的 初步分析人肺腺癌细胞系A549细胞蛋白质表达情况,从蛋白组水平探讨肺腺癌发病的分子机制.方法 应用2-DE技术对人肺腺癌细胞系A549细胞总蛋白进行分离,获得蛋白质表达谱;应用基质辅助激光解吸电离飞行时间质谱(MALDI-TOF-MS)结合生物信息学进行蛋白质鉴定.结果 3块胶平均蛋白斑点数为1 138±49,平均匹配点数为986±32,匹配率为85.8%.随机选取背景清晰、分辨清楚、蛋白含量较高的20个斑点进行MALDI-TOF-MS分析,共获得了18个肽质量指纹图谱(PMF).将PMFs质量数据通过Aldente软件查询SWISS-PROT数据库,根据匹配片段及氨基酸序列覆盖率等,初步鉴定出15种蛋白质.根据功能,这些蛋白质可分为:①基本代谢相关的酶类:果糖2-磷酸醛缩酶、视网醛脱氢酶1(RALDH1)、吡多醛激酶;②细胞骨架类:蛋白细胞角蛋白8(CK8)、β-2链微管蛋白;③应激相关蛋白:蛋白二硫化物异构酶A3(PDIA3);④ 信号转导分子:膜联蛋白1(ANX1)、膜联蛋白4(ANX4);⑤分子伴侣:热休克蛋白60(HSP60)、热休克蛋白β-1、抑制素(PHB);⑥转录及翻译相关蛋白:不均一性核糖核蛋白H(hnRNP H);⑦杂类:Rgr protein、NPM、PCBP1.结论 应用2-DE/MALDI-MS方法获得了较为理想的人肺腺癌细胞系A549细胞2-DE蛋白质表达谱,初步鉴定了15种蛋白质.

  20. Effect of evodiamine on the proliferation and apoptosis of A549 human lung cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Li; Ren, Li; Wen, Liujing; Wang, Yu; Qi, Jin

    2016-09-01

    Evodia rutaecarpa is a plant, which has antitumor activity. Evodiamine is an alkaloid with antitumor activity present in E. rutaecarpa and has potential to be developed into a therapeutic antitumor agent. The present study investigated the effect of evodiamine on the proliferation of A549 human lung cancer cells and the mechanism underlying these effects. The results indicated that evodiamine significantly inhibited proliferation, induced apoptosis and the expression of reactive oxygen species, arrested the cell cycle, regulated the expression of Survivin, Bcl-2 and Cyclin B1, regulated the activity of caspase-3/8 and glutathione in tumor cells, and decreased the activity of AKT/nuclear factor‑κB (NF‑κB) and Sonic hedgehog/GLI family zinc finger 1 (SHH/GLI1) signaling pathways in A549 cells. In conclusion, the evodiamine-induced inhibition of the proliferation of A549 lung cancer cells may be attributable to its ability to promote oxidative injury in the cells, induce apoptosis, arrest the cell cycle and regulate the AKT/NF‑κB and SHH/GLI1 signaling pathways, subsequently controlling the expression of tumor‑associated genes. PMID:27485202

  1. The cytotoxicity of organophosphate flame retardants on HepG2, A549 and Caco-2 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Jing; Hu, Jingwen; Shang, Yu; Zhong, Yufang; Zhang, Xinyu; Yu, Zhiqiang

    2016-09-18

    In order to elucidate the cytotoxicity of organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs), three human in vitro models, namely the HepG2 hepatoma cells, the A549 lung cancer cells and the Caco-2 colon cancer cells, were chosen to investigate the toxicity of triphenyl phosphate (TPP), tributylphosphate (TBP), tris(2-butoxyexthyl) phosphate (TBEP) and tris (2-chloroisopropyl) phosphate (TCPP). Cytotoxicity was assayed in terms of cell viability, DNA damage status, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage. The results showed that all these four OPFRs could inhibit cell viability, overproduce ROS level, induce DNA lesions and increase the LDH leakage. In addition, the toxic effects of OPFRs in Caco-2 cells were relatively severer than those in HepG2 and A549 cells, which might result from some possible mechanisms apart from oxidative stress pathway. In conclusion, TBP, TPP, TBEP and TCPP could induce cell toxicity in various cell lines at relatively high concentrations as evidenced by suppression of cell viability, overproduction of ROS, induction of DNA lesions and increase of LDH leakage. Different cell types seemed to have different sensitivities and responses to OPFRs exposure, as well as the underlying potential molecular mechanisms. PMID:27336727

  2. Regulation of MAPKs Signaling Contributes to the Growth Inhibition of 1,7-Dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxyxanthone on Multidrug Resistance A549/Taxol Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuo, Jian; Jiang, Hui; Zhu, Yan-Hong; Wang, Ya-Qin; Zhang, Wen; Luan, Jia-Jie

    2016-01-01

    1,7-Dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxyxanthone (XAN) is a bioactive compound isolated from Securidaca inappendiculata Hassk. and validated with antiproliferative activities on a panel of cancer cell lines. This study was designed to investigate its growth inhibitory effects on multidrug resistance (MDR) non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cell line A549/Taxol and explore the possible linkage between modulation of MAPKs and the bioactivities. Its growth inhibitory potency on the cells was estimated by MTT assay, and flow cytometric analysis was employed to investigate its potential cell cycle arrest and proapoptosis effects. Expressions of hallmark proteins were assessed by Western-Blot method. The results showed A549/Taxol cells were sensitive to XAN. XAN inhibited the proliferation of A549/Taxol cells in the time and concentration dependent manners. It acted as a potent inducer of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in the cells. Western-Blot investigation validated the proapoptosis and cell cycle arrest activities of XAN and the potential of MDR reversion. Upregulation of p38 by XAN, which accounted for the cell cycle arrest at G2 phase, and the downregulation of ERK associated with the proapoptosis activity were also revealed. Further analysis found p53 may be the central role mediated the bioactivities of MAPKs in A549/Taxol cells. Based on these evidences, a conclusion has been deduced that XAN could be a potential agent for MDR NSCLC therapy targeting specifically MAPKs. PMID:27403196

  3. Regulation of MAPKs Signaling Contributes to the Growth Inhibition of 1,7-Dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxyxanthone on Multidrug Resistance A549/Taxol Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Zuo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available 1,7-Dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxyxanthone (XAN is a bioactive compound isolated from Securidaca inappendiculata Hassk. and validated with antiproliferative activities on a panel of cancer cell lines. This study was designed to investigate its growth inhibitory effects on multidrug resistance (MDR non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC cell line A549/Taxol and explore the possible linkage between modulation of MAPKs and the bioactivities. Its growth inhibitory potency on the cells was estimated by MTT assay, and flow cytometric analysis was employed to investigate its potential cell cycle arrest and proapoptosis effects. Expressions of hallmark proteins were assessed by Western-Blot method. The results showed A549/Taxol cells were sensitive to XAN. XAN inhibited the proliferation of A549/Taxol cells in the time and concentration dependent manners. It acted as a potent inducer of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in the cells. Western-Blot investigation validated the proapoptosis and cell cycle arrest activities of XAN and the potential of MDR reversion. Upregulation of p38 by XAN, which accounted for the cell cycle arrest at G2 phase, and the downregulation of ERK associated with the proapoptosis activity were also revealed. Further analysis found p53 may be the central role mediated the bioactivities of MAPKs in A549/Taxol cells. Based on these evidences, a conclusion has been deduced that XAN could be a potential agent for MDR NSCLC therapy targeting specifically MAPKs.

  4. Monitoring of TGF-β 1-Induced Human Lung Adenocarcinoma A549 Cells Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transformation Process by Measuring Cell Adhesion Force with a Microfluidic Device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuan; Gao, AnXiu; Yu, Ling

    2016-01-01

    The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process in which epithelial cells lose their cell polarity and cell-cell adhesion, and gain migratory and invasive properties. It is believed that EMT is associated with initiation and completion of the invasion-metastasis cascade. In this study, an economic approach was developed to fabricate a microfluidic device with less instrumentation requirement for the investigation of EMT by quantifying cell adhesion force. Fluid shear force was precisely controlled by a homemade microfluidic perfusion apparatus and interface. The adhesion capability of the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 on different types of extracellular matrix protein was studied. In addition, effects of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) on EMT in A549 cells were investigated by characterizing the adhesion force changes and on-chip fluorescent staining. The results demonstrate that the microfluidic device is a potential tool to characterize the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process by measuring cell adhesion force.

  5. MicroRNA-1228(*) inhibit apoptosis in A549 cells exposed to fine particulate matter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaobo; Ding, Zhen; Zhang, Chengcheng; Zhang, Xin; Meng, Qingtao; Wu, Shenshen; Wang, Shizhi; Yin, Lihong; Pu, Yuepu; Chen, Rui

    2016-05-01

    Studies have reported associations between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and respiratory disorders; however, the underlying mechanism is not completely clear owing to the complex components of PM2.5. microRNAs (miRNAs) demonstrate tremendous regulation to target genes, which are sensitive to exogenous stimulation, and facilitate the integrative understood of biological responses. Here, significantly modulated miRNA were profiled by miRNA microarray, coupled with bioinformatic analysis; the potential biological function of modulated miRNA were predicted and subsequently validated by cell-based assays. Downregulation of miR-1228-5p (miR-1228(*)) expression in human A549 cells were associated with PM2.5-induced cellular apoptosis through a mitochondria-dependent pathway. Further, overexpression of miR-1228(*) rescued the cellular damages induced by PM2.5. Thus, our results demonstrate that PM2.5-induced A549 apoptosis is initiated by mitochondrial dysfunction and miR-1228(*) could protect A549 cells against apoptosis. The involved pathways and target genes might be used for future mechanistic studies.

  6. The effect of tyrphostins AG494 and AG1478 on the autocrine growth regulation of A549 and DU145 cells

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    Agnieszka Bojko

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available We employed two selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors: AG494 (reversible and AG1478 (irreversible for growth regulation of human lung (A549 and prostate (DU145 cancer cell lines, cultured in chemically defined DMEM/F12 medium. Both tested tyrphostins significantly inhibited autocrine growth of the investigated cell lines. The action of AG494 was dose dependent, and at highest concentrations led to complete inhibition of growth. AG1478 seemed to be more effective at lower concentrations, but was unable to completely inhibit growth of A549 cells. Inhibition of EGFR kinase activity by AG494 in contrast to AG1478 had no effect on the activity of ERK in both cell lines. Both EGFR’s inhibitors induced apoptosis of the investigated lung and prostate cancer cell lines, but the proapoptotic effect of the investigated tyrphostins was greater in A549 than in DU145 cells. The tyrphostins arrested cell growth of DU145 and A549 cells in the G1 phase, similarly to other known inhibitors of EGFR. The influence of AG494 and AG1478 on the activity of two signaling proteins (AKT and ERK was dependent upon the kind of investigated cells. In the case of DU145 cells, there was an evident decline in enzymatic activity of both kinases (stronger for AG1478, while in A549, only AG1478 effectively inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt. Tyrphostins AG494 and AG1478 are ATP-competitors and are supposed to have a similar mechanism of action, but our results suggest that this is not quite true.

  7. Induction of apoptosis with tobacco smoke and related products in A549 lung epithelial cells in vitro

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    Jones Amanda C

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study has investigated the ability of tobacco smoke, and ingredients of tobacco smoke, to induce apoptosis in the airway epithelial cell line A549. Method A549 cells were treated with 80 μg/ml Tobacco smoke condensate (TSC, 10 mM Nicotine, 10 μM paraldehyde, 10 μM hydrogen peroxide, 1 μM Taxol® (Paclitaxel, 100%, 50% and 25% cigarette smoke extract (CSE. Following 4–48 h incubation apoptosis was measured morphologically following staining of cells with DAPI. TUNEL staining was also used to assess DNA damage after 24 and 48 h incubation. In addition, loss of mitochondrial cytochrome C and activation of Bax-α, early events in the apoptotic process, were measured after 4 h of incubation. Results Incubation of A549 cells with vehicle, Taxol, TSC, nicotine, paraldehyde, hydrogen peroxide and CSE caused a time-dependent detachment of the cells from the flask between 6 and 48 h. DAPI staining revealed that the cells remaining adhered to the flask appeared healthy whereas some of those that had detached appeared to be either apoptotic or indeterminate. Treatment with Taxol, TSC, nicotine, paraldehyde, hydrogen peroxide and CSE caused a significant increase in the number of apoptotic cells. Similarly, treatment with Taxol, TSC, nicotine, hydrogen peroxide and CSE caused a significant increase in the number of apoptotic cells among the cells that had detached from the culture plate. After 4 h of incubation, Taxol, TSC, hydrogen peroxide and CSE caused a significant reduction in mitochondrial cytochrome C and an increase in cytosolic cytochrome C. At the same time point, hydrogen peroxide and CSE significantly increased the concentration of Bax-α in the mitochondria. Conclusion Tobacco smoke initiates apoptosis in A549 airway epithelial cells as a result of mitochondrial damage and that this results in a cell detachment and full apoptosis. This effect appears to result from factors in tobacco smoke other than nicotine and

  8. Dexamethasone enhances invasiveness of Aspergillus fumigatus conidia and fibronectin expression in A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Tao; LI Jing-chao; QI Qian; LI Yu

    2013-01-01

    Background The efficacies of current treatments for invasive aspergillus (IA) are unsatisfactory and new therapeutic targets or regimens to treat IA are urgently needed.Previous studies have indicated that the ability of conidia to invade host cells is critical in IA development and fibronectin has a hand in the conidia adherence process.In the clinical setting,many patients who receive glucocorticoid for extended periods are susceptible to Aspergillus fumigatus (A.fumigatus) infection,for this reason we investigated the effect of glucocorticoid on conidia invasiveness by comparing the invasiveness of A.fumigatus conidia in the type Ⅱ human alveolar cell line (A549) cultured with different concentrations of dexamethasone.We also explored the relationships between dexamethasone and fibronectin expression.Methods Following culture with anti-fibronectin antibodies and/or dexamethasone,type Ⅱ human alveolar A549 cells were infected with conidia of A.fumigatus.After 4 hours,the extracellular free conidia were washed away and the remaining immobilized conidia were released using Triton-X 100 and quantified by counting the colony-forming units.The invasiveness of conidia was measured by calculating the invasion rate (%).The transcription of the fibronectin gene in cells cultured with different concentrations of dexamethasone for 24 hours was tested by fiuorogenic quantitative RT-PCR while the expression of fibronectinin cells cultured for 48 hours was tested by Western blotting and immunocytochemistry.Results A significant reduction in the invasiveness of conidia was seen in the cells cultured with anti-fibronectin antibody ((14.42±1.68)% vs.(19.17±2.53)%,P <0.05),but no significant difference was observed in cells cultured with a combination of anti-fibronectin antibody and dexamethasone (6.37×10-5 mol/L).There was no correlation between the dexamethasone concentration and the invasiveness of conidia after dexamethasone pretreatment of cells for 4 hours

  9. Effects of resveratrol on cell cycle regulatory processes of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and its mechanism%白藜芦醇对人肺腺癌A549细胞周期的影响及其机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈加顺; 吕俊明; 束永前

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究白藜芦醇对人肺腺癌A549细胞周期的影响,并探讨其分子机制.方法 MTT法检测白藜芦醇对人肺腺癌A549细胞增殖的影响;PI单标流式细胞术检测白藜芦醇对A549细胞周期分布的影响;Western blotting法检测白藜芦醇对A549细胞cyclin D1和p21cip1蛋白表达的影响.结果 MTT法检测显示,白藜芦醇能明显抑制人肺腺癌A549细胞的增殖,其抑制作用呈时效和量效关系,100μmol/L白藜芦醇在作用48h时抑制率最高,为(76.54±1.33)%.流式细胞术检测提示不同浓度白藜芦醇作用24h细胞周期发生改变,G0/G1期细胞比例明显增加(P<0.01),且呈剂量依赖关系.Western blotting法检测显示,白藜芦醇以时间依赖方式下调周期蛋白cyclin D1的表达,上调p21cip1蛋白表达.结论 白藜芦醇能明显抑制人肺腺癌A549细胞的增殖.白藜芦醇可通过调节细胞周期蛋白cyclin D1、p21cip1的表达调控细胞周期进程,抑制细胞增殖.%Objective To investigate the anti-cancer activities of resveratrol on human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and its molecular mechanism involved. Methods The effects of resveratrol on the growth of human lung carcinoma A549 cell lines were studied by MTT assay. The effect of resveratrol on the cell cycle phase distribution of A549 cells was analyzed using flow cytometry by a propidium iodide method. The effect of resveratrol on the expression of cyclin D1 and p21cipl protein was studied by Western blotting analysis. Results MTT assay showed that resveratrol could significantly inhibit the growth of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells.It inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells in a time and dose dependent manner, and the highest inhibitory rate was ( 76. 54 ± 1.33 ) %at the concentration of 100μmol/L when cells were cultured for 48h. Meanwhile, different concentrations of resveratrol treated A549 cells for 24h resulted in an increase of G0/G1 phase cells (P < 0. 01 ). The expression of

  10. Inhibitory Effects of Natural Compound Alantolactone on Human Non-small Cell Lung Cancer A549 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZONG Min-ru; ZHAO Ying-hao; ZHANG Kun; YANG Long-fei; ZHENG Yong-chen; HE Cheng-yan

    2011-01-01

    Alantolactone is a natural compound identified from the roots of Inula helenium L. that has multiple bio-activities. We examined its inhibitory effects on human non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) A549 cells. The antiproliferative effect of alantolactone on A549 cells was investigated via MTT[3'-(4,5dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5diphenyl tetrazolium bromide]assay and its apoptosis-inducing effect was determined by Hoechst staining and flow cytometry. We found that alantolactone significantly inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells and induced morphological changes typical for apoptosis. Flow cytometry analysis indicates dose-dependent cell cycle retardation at G0/G1 and S stages. The results indicate that alantolactone could be an attractive small-molecular natural compound for further development as a therapeutic drug against NSCLC.

  11. Lentinan exerts synergistic apoptotic effects with paclitaxel in A549 cells via activating ROS-TXNIP-NLRP3 inflammasome

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Wei; Gu, Jun; Qi, Jun; Zeng, Xiao-Ning; Ji, Juan; Chen, Zheng-Zhen; Sun, Xiu-Lan

    2015-01-01

    Paclitaxel is generally used to treat cancers in clinic as an inhibitor of cell division. However, the acquired resistance in tumours limits its clinical efficacy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to detect whether co-treatment with lentinan enhanced the anti-cancer effects of paclitaxel in A549 cells. We found that the combination of paclitaxel and lentinan resulted in a significantly stronger inhibition on A549 cell proliferation than paclitaxel treatment alone. Co-treatment with paclit...

  12. Curcumin Promoted the Apoptosis of Cisplain-resistant Human Lung Carcinoma Cells A549/DDP through Down-regulating miR-186*

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    Jian ZHANG

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Curcumin, a natural compound, is derived from the rthizom of Curcuma longa. In vitro and in vivo preclinical studies have shown its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer activities and so on. miR-186*, which was found by microarray technology, was highly expressed in lung carcinoma cells A549/DDP. The aim of this study is to illustrate whether Curcumin could promote the apoptosis of A549/DDP cells through regulating the expression of miR-186*. Methods An oligonucleotide microarray chip was used to profile microRNA (miRNA expressions in A549/DDP cells treated with and without Curcumin. The significantly differentially expressed miRNA, which was selected from microarray chip, validated by quantitative real-time PCR. Ultimately, the remarkably expressed miRNA modulated the apoptosis assaying by flow cytometry expriments and the survival rate was measured by MTT method. Results The microarray chip results demonstrated: Curcumin altered the expression level of miRNAs compared with untreated control in A549/DDP cell line, miR-186* was significantly down-regulated after Curcumin treatment, which confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR. Downregulation of miR-186* expression by curcumin elevated the apoptosis, and the survival rate of A549/DDP cells decreased; but up-regulation of miR-186* expression by transfection its mimics restrained the apoptosis, the survival rate of A549/DDP cells increased, which were assayed by flow cytometry expriments and MTT method. Conclusion Modulation of miRNAs expression may be an important mechanism underlying the biological roles of Curcumin.

  13. 低氧对人肺腺癌A549细胞迁移和黏附的影响%Effect of hypoxia on migration, invasion and adhesion to endothelium of human pulmonary adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weigan Shen; Jun Zhu; Zhiyong Yu; Qingyu Xue

    2008-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the effect of hypoxia on migration,invasion and adhesion to endothelium of human pulmonary adenocarcinoma A549 cells.Methods:Wound-healing and Transwell invasion assays were performed to study the effect of hypoxia on migration and invasion of A549 cells,and A549 cells were added to a monolayer of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to test the ability to adhere to endothelium.Immunofluorescence assay and luciferase reporter gene assay were also used to evaluate the effect of hypoxia on distribution of E-cadherin,β-catenin,and actin,and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1)-dependent transcription,respectively.Results:Hypoxia facilitated A549 cell migration,invasion,and A549 cell-endothelial cells adhesion,and modulated the distribution of E-cadherin and β-catenin,and actin cytoskeleton rearrangement,and up-regulated HIF-1-dependent reporter gene expression in A549 cells.Conclusion:Promotion of A549 cell migration,invasion,and adhesion on endothelium by hypoxia might be modulated through its up-regulating HIF-l-dependent gene expression,which then induced the redistribution of E-cadherin and β-catenin,and the actin cytoskeletal reorganization.

  14. In vitro and in vivo studies on radiobiological effects of prolonged fraction delivery time in A549 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Ling; Xiong, Xiao-Peng; Hu, Chao-Su; Ou, Zhou-Luo; Zhu, Guo-Pei; Ying, Hong-Mei

    2013-03-01

    Intensity-modulated radiation therapy, when used in the clinic, prolongs fraction delivery time. Here we investigated both the in vivoand in vitroradiobiological effects on the A549 cell line, including the effect of different delivery times with the same dose on A549 tumor growth in nude mice. The in vitroeffects were studied with clonogenic assays, using linear-quadratic and incomplete repair models to fit the dose-survival curves. Fractionated irradiation of different doses was given at one fraction per day, simulating a clinical dose-time-fractionation pattern. The longer the interval between the exposures, the more cells survived. To investigate the in vivoeffect, we used sixty-four nude mice implanted with A549 cells in the back legs, randomly assigned into eight groups. A 15 Gy radiation dose was divided into different subfractions. The maximum and minimum tumor diameters were recorded to determine tumor growth. Tumor growth was delayed for groups with prolonged delivery time (40 min) compared to the group receiving a single dose of 15 Gy (P< 0.05), and tumors with a 20 min delivery time had delayed growth compared to those with a 40 min delivery time [20' (7.5 Gy × 2 F) vs 40' (7.5 Gy × 2 F), P= 0.035; 20' (3 Gy × 5 F) vs 40' (3 Gy × 5 F); P= 0.054; 20' (1.67 Gy × 9 F) vs 40' (1.67 Gy × 9 F), P= 0.028]. A prolonged delivery time decreased the radiobiological effects, so we strongly recommend keeping the delivery time as short as possible. PMID:23090953

  15. Podophyllotoxin acetate blocks IR-induced invasion of non-small cell lung cancer cell, A549

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Jeong Hyun; Choi, Jae Yeon; Hwang, Sang-Gu; Um, Hong-Duck; Park, Jong Kuk [Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    Some research result presented that local radiotherapy administered to primary tumors speeds their metastatic growth in vivo (4-6), thereby suggesting that besides its therapeutic effects, IR promotes the malignant behaviors of surviving cancer cells. Our findings demonstrate podophyllotoxin acetate (PA), one of new natural products, prevented side effects of IR such as invasion or metastasis promotion for improve the efficacy of radiotherapy. In this study, we demonstrated that PA inhibits IR-induced invasion and migration of A549 cells. We also observed that IR stimulates several intracellular pathway involving EMT and MAPKinses; EMT-associated events including an increase of vimentin levels and increased phosphorylation of p38 ERK, JNK in A549 cells. PA could decrease these activations of several intracellular signaling molecules. Therefore, PA might inhibit IRinduced invasion and migration via blocking EMT and MAPKiase pathway of A549 cells.

  16. Iron stimulates plasma-activated medium-induced A549 cell injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, Tetsuo; Nonomura, Saho; Horiba, Minori; Hirayama, Tasuku; Kamiya, Tetsuro; Nagasawa, Hideko; Hara, Hirokazu

    2016-01-01

    Non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma is applicable to living cells and has emerged as a novel technology for cancer therapy. Plasma has recently been shown to affect cells not only by direct irradiation, but also by indirect treatments with previously prepared plasma-activated medium (PAM). Iron is an indispensable element but is also potentially toxic because it generates the hydroxyl radical (•OH) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) via the Fenton reaction. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the contribution of iron to PAM-induced A549 adenocarcinoma cell apoptosis. We detected the generation of •OH and elevation of intracellular ferrous ions in PAM-treated cells and found that they were inhibited by iron chelator. The elevations observed in ferrous ions may have been due to their release from the intracellular iron store, ferritin. Hydroxyl radical-induced DNA injury was followed by the activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1, depletion of NAD(+) and ATP, and elevations in intracellular Ca(2+). The sensitivities of normal cells such as smooth muscle cells and keratinocytes to PAM were less than that of A549 cells. These results demonstrated that H2O2 in PAM and/or •OH generated in the presence of iron ions disturbed the mitochondrial-nuclear network in cancer cells. PMID:26865334

  17. 肺癌A549放射抗拒细胞亚系的建立及抗拒机制的研究%Establishment of a radioresistant human lung cancer cell subline and its mechanism of radioresistance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵伟; 王琼; 刘莉; 石星; 丁乾; 伍钢

    2008-01-01

    Objective To establish a radioresistant cell subline from a human A549 lung cancer cell line and investigate the mechanism of radioresistance. Methods Two proposals were applied for the non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells irradiated with X-rays:A group of A549 cell line was irradiated five times, the fractionated dose was 600 cGy, and the other group was exposed 15 times, the fractionated dose was 200 cGy. After the completion of irradiation, two monoclones were obtained from the survival of cells and named the subline A549-S1 and A549-S2. The radiosensitivity and cell cycle distribution of these two clones,together with its parental A549 cells were measured by clone formation assay and flow cytometry.The mRNA and protein levels of Notch1 in A549 cell line and the sublines were determined by RT-PCR and Western-blots. Results Compared with the parental A549 cells, A549-S1 cells showed significant resistance to radiation with D0, Dq and N values increased, and a broader initial shoulder as well as 1.38-fold increased value of SF2. The A549-S1 subline also showed higher percentage of cells in S phase and G2/M phase, but lower percentages in G0/G1 phase (P<0.05). The expression of Notch1 in A549-S1 was enhanced obviously than in A549 cells. But for A549-S2 the radioseasitivity was slightly increased compared with the parental cells with D0, Dq and N values decreased and a curve initial shoulder. The ratio of cells in S and G0/G1 phase ratio was lower than that in parental A549 cells, but that in G2/M phase ratio was higher significantly (P<0.05) .The expression of Notch1 had no marked change compared to A549 cell. Conclusions The radioresistance of the A549 cell subline is correlated with the irradiation program. The cell subline shows a different cell cycle distribution from their parental line. The cell cycle distribution has a close correlation with the expression of Notch1.%目的 建立肺癌细胞系A549的放射抗拒模型并探

  18. Isolation, Purification and Characterization of a Novel Steroidal Saponin Cholestanol Glucoside from Lasiodiplodia theobromae that Induces Apoptosis in A549 Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valayil, Jinu Mathew; Kuriakose, Gini C; Jayabaskaran, C

    2016-01-01

    Search for novel anticancer lead molecules continues to be a major focus of cancer research due to the limitations of existing drugs such as lack of tumor selectivity, narrow therapeutic index and multidrug resistance of cancer types. Natural molecules often possess better pharmacokinetic traits compared to synthetic molecules as they continually evolve by natural selection process to interact with biological macromolecules. Microbial metabolites constitute nearly half of the pharmaceuticals in market today. Endophytic fungi, owing to its rich chemical diversity, are viewed as attractive sources of novel bioactive compounds. In the present study, we report the purification and characterization of a novel steroidal saponin, cholestanol glucoside (CG) from Saraca asoca endophytic fungus Lasiodiplodia theobromae. The compound was assessed for its cytotoxic potentialities in six human cancer cell lines, A549, PC3, HepG2, U251, MCF7 and OVCAR3. CG exhibited significant cytotoxicities towards A549, PC3 and HepG2 among which A549 cells were most vulnerable to CG treatment. However, CG treatment exhibited negligible cytotoxicity in non malignant human lung fibroblast cell line (WI-38). Induction of cell death by CG treatment in A549 cells was further investigated. CG induced the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane permeability loss followed by apoptotic cell death. Mitochondrial membrane depolarization and apoptotic cell death in CG treated A549 cells were completely blocked in presence of an antioxidant, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC). Hence it could be concluded that CG initiates apoptosis in cancer cells by augmenting the basal oxidative stress and that the generation of intracellular ROS is crucial for the induction of apoptosis. PMID:26338072

  19. Effect of elemene on radiosensitivity of A549 cells and its possible molecular mechanism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the effect of elemene on the radiosensitivity of A549 cells and its possible molecular mechanism. Methods: The effect of radiosensitivity was detected by colony forming assay. The protein expressions of DNA-PKcs, Bcl-2 and P53 were detected with Western blot. The correlation between the protein expression of DNA-PKcs and Bcl-2, DNA-PKcs and P53 was analyzed. Results: Elemene had radiosensitizing effect on A549 cells, with the SERD0 and SERDq 1.54 ± 0.20 and 1.43±0.15, respectively for 10 μg/ml elemene, and 1.63 ±0.32 and 1.75 ±0.19, respectively for 20 μg/ml elemene. Compared with irradiation group, the expression of DNA-PKcs was reduced significantly in 10, 20 μg/ml elemene combined with radiation group (t=7.52, 8.33, P<0.05), so was for Bcl-2 (t=10.74, 11.33, P<0.05). The expression of P53 protein increased significantly (t=-9.25, 7.66, P<0.05). There was a remarkable negative correlation between the expression of DNA-PKcs and P53 (r=-0.569, P<0.05), and a remarkable positive correlation between DNA-PKcs and Bcl-2 (r=0.755, P<0.05 ). Conclusions: Elemene has radiosensitizing effect on A549 cells, which might be related to down-regulation of DNA-PKcs gene expression, up-regulation of P53 and down-regulation of Bcl-2. (authors)

  20. High-throughput quantitative proteomic analysis of dengue virus type 2 infected A549 cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han-Chen Chiu

    Full Text Available Disease caused by dengue virus is a global health concern with up to 390 million individuals infected annually worldwide. There are no vaccines or antiviral compounds available to either prevent or treat dengue disease which may be fatal. To increase our understanding of the interaction of dengue virus with the host cell, we analyzed changes in the proteome of human A549 cells in response to dengue virus type 2 infection using stable isotope labelling in cell culture (SILAC in combination with high-throughput mass spectrometry (MS. Mock and infected A549 cells were fractionated into nuclear and cytoplasmic extracts before analysis to identify proteins that redistribute between cellular compartments during infection and reduce the complexity of the analysis. We identified and quantified 3098 and 2115 proteins in the cytoplasmic and nuclear fractions respectively. Proteins that showed a significant alteration in amount during infection were examined using gene enrichment, pathway and network analysis tools. The analyses revealed that dengue virus infection modulated the amounts of proteins involved in the interferon and unfolded protein responses, lipid metabolism and the cell cycle. The SILAC-MS results were validated for a select number of proteins over a time course of infection by Western blotting and immunofluorescence microscopy. Our study demonstrates for the first time the power of SILAC-MS for identifying and quantifying novel changes in cellular protein amounts in response to dengue virus infection.

  1. Activities of ten essential oils towards Propionibacterium acnes and PC-3, A-549 and MCF-7 cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zu, Yuangang; Yu, Huimin; Liang, Lu; Fu, Yujie; Efferth, Thomas; Liu, Xia; Wu, Nan

    2010-05-01

    Ten essential oils, namely, mint (Mentha spicata L., Lamiaceae), ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc., Zingiberaceae), lemon (Citrus limon Burm.f., Rutaceae), grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf., Rutaceae), jasmine (Jasminum grandiflora L., Oleaceae), lavender (Mill., Lamiaceae), chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L., Compositae), thyme (Thymus vulgaris L., Lamiaceae), rose (Rosa damascena Mill., Rosaceae) and cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum N. Lauraceae) were tested for their antibacterial activities towards Propionibacterium acnes and in vitro toxicology against three human cancer cell lines. Thyme, cinnamon and rose essential oils exhibited the best antibacterial activities towards P. acnes, with inhibition diameters of 40 +/- 1.2 mm, 33.5 +/- 1.5 mm and 16.5 +/- 0.7 mm, and minimal inhibitory concentrations of 0.016% (v/v), 0.016% (v/v) and 0.031% (v/v), respectively. Time-kill dynamic procedures showed that thyme, cinnamon, rose, and lavender essential oils exhibited the strongest bactericidal activities at a concentration of 0.25% (v/v), and P. acnes was completely killed after 5 min. The thyme essential oil exhibited the strongest cytotoxicity towards three human cancer cells. Its inhibition concentration 50% (IC(50)) values on PC-3, A549 and MCF-7 tumor cell lines were 0.010% (v/v), 0.011% (v/v) and 0.030% (v/v), respectively. The cytotoxicity of 10 essential oils on human prostate carcinoma cell (PC-3) was significantly stronger than on human lung carcinoma (A549) and human breast cancer (MCF-7) cell lines. PMID:20657472

  2. Activities of Ten Essential Oils towards Propionibacterium acnes and PC-3, A-549 and MCF-7 Cancer Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuangang Zu

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Ten essential oils, namely, mint (Mentha spicata L.,Lamiaceae, ginger (Zingiber officinaleRosc.,Zingiberaceae, lemon (Citrus limon Burm.f.,Rutaceae, grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf., Rutaceae, jasmine (Jasminum grandiflora L.,Oleaceae, lavender (Mill.,Lamiaceae, chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L., Compositae, thyme (Thymus vulgaris L., Lamiaceae, rose (Rosa damascena Mill.,Rosaceae and cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicumN. Lauraceae were tested for their antibacterial activities towards Propionibacterium acnes and in vitro toxicology against three human cancer cell lines. Thyme, cinnamon and rose essential oils exhibited the best antibacterial activities towards P. acnes, with inhibition diameters of 40 ± 1.2 mm, 33.5 ± 1.5 mm and 16.5 ± 0.7 mm, and minimal inhibitory concentrations of 0.016% (v/v, 0.016% (v/v and 0.031% (v/v, respectively. Time-kill dynamic procedures showed that thyme, cinnamon, rose, and lavender essential oils exhibited the strongest bactericidal activities at a concentration of 0.25% (v/v, and P. acnes was completely killed after 5 min. The thyme essential oil exhibited the strongest cytotoxicity towards three human cancer cells. Its inhibition concentration 50% (IC50 values on PC-3, A549 and MCF-7 tumor cell lines were 0.010% (v/v, 0.011% (v/v and 0.030% (v/v, respectively. The cytotoxicity of 10 essential oils on human prostate carcinoma cell (PC-3 was significantly stronger than on human lung carcinoma (A549 and human breast cancer (MCF-7 cell lines.

  3. Anti-Tumor Effect of Heat Shock Protein 70-Peptide Complexes on A-549 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the anti-tumor immunity in vitro of heat shock protein 70-peptide complexes (HSP70-PC) from human lung cancer tissue. Methods: HSP70-PC was purified from lung tumor tissues and corresponding non-tumor lung samples with the methods of ADP-affinity chromatography, DEAE ion-exchange chromatography and Western-blot. The activation and proliferation of PBMC induced by different HSP70-PC and tumor cytotoxic reactivity to A549 cells in vitro were measured by the MTT cell proliferation assay. Results: The purified HSP70-PC had a very high purity found by SDS-PAGE and Western-blot. Human lymphocytes were sensitized efficiently by HSP70 preparation purified from lung cancer tissues and a definite cytotoxicity to A-549 cells was observed. There was significant difference with HSP70-PC purified from lung cancer, compared with the control group (P<0.001). Conclusion: High purity of HSP70-PC could be achieved from tumor tissues in this study. HSP70-PC purified from human tumor tissues can induce anti-tumor immunity in vitro mainly implemented by eliciting CTL immunity.

  4. Effect of exogenous surfactants on viability and DNA synthesis in A549, immortalized mouse type II and isolated rat alveolar type II cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haller Thomas

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In mechanically ventilated preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS, exogenous surfactant application has been demonstrated both to decrease DNA-synthesis but also and paradoxically to increase epithelial cell proliferation. However, the effect of exogenous surfactant has not been studied directly on alveolar type II cells (ATII cells, a key cell type responsible for alveolar function and repair. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two commercially available surfactant preparations on ATII cell viability and DNA synthesis. Methods Curosurf® and Alveofact® were applied to two ATII cell lines (human A549 and mouse iMATII cells and to primary rat ATII cells for periods of up to 24 h. Cell viability was measured using the redox indicator resazurin and DNA synthesis was measured using BrdU incorporation. Results Curosurf® resulted in slightly decreased cell viability in all cell culture models. However, DNA synthesis was increased in A549 and rat ATII cells but decreased in iMATII cells. Alveofact® exhibited the opposite effects on A549 cells and had very mild effects on the other two cell models. Conclusion This study showed that commercially available exogenous surfactants used to treat preterm infants with RDS can have profound effects on cell viability and DNA synthesis.

  5. Overexpression of the hydatidiform mole-related gene F10 inhibits apoptosis in A549 cells through downregulation of BCL2-associated X protein and caspase-3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Yali; Zhang, Gong; Zhu, Xiulan; Pang, Zhanjun; Xing, Fuqi; Quan, Song

    2012-09-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate how the overexpression of the hydatidiform mole-related gene F10 affects apoptosis in human lung cancer A549 cells. A549 cells were transfected with pEGFP-N1-F10 (A549-F10) or pEGFP-N1 empty vector (A549-empty). Untransfected A549, A549-F10 or A549-empty cells were examined using the MTT cell proliferation assay and the TUNEL-FITC/Hoechst 33258 apoptosis assay. Western blotting was used to examine the expression levels of the pro-apoptotic genes, BCL2-associated X protein (BAX) and caspase-3. F10 was stably expressed in A549 cells. From 12 h, A549-F10 cells proliferated markedly faster than the untransfected and A549-empty cells. F10 overexpression also significantly inhibited apoptosis, as shown by the reduced number of TUNEL and Hoechst 33258 double-positive cells. This inhibition was likely due to an F10-induced reduction in the BAX and caspase-3 levels. The results of this study indicate that F10 overexpression inhibits apoptosis in A549 cells through the downregulation of the pro-apoptotic genes BAX and caspase-3. PMID:23741243

  6. 去甲斑蝥素对人肺腺癌A549细胞的抑制作用%The inhibition of norcantharidin on human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔宝弟; 王敏; 孙震晓

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of norcantharidin (NCTD) on human lung cancer cells,and investigate the mechanisms.METHODS:The growth inhibition of A549 cells treated with 0-240µmol/L NCTD for 0-72 hours was analyzed by MTT assay. The recovery growth and proliferation of A549 cells treated with 0-120µmol/L NCTD for 24 h was evaluated by MTT assay. The morphological changes of A549 cells treated with 40,50 and 60µmol/L NCTD for 0-72 h were examined under inverted microscope. The apoptosis and cell cycle changes of A549 cells treated with 40-60µmol/L NCTD were detected by flow cytometry.RESULTS:NCTD inhibited the growth of A549 cells in 30-240 µmol/L(P0.05)。结论:40~60µmol/L NCTD主要通过诱导A549细胞G2~M期阻滞而抑制细胞生长。

  7. Panduratin A, a Possible Inhibitor in Metastasized A549 Cells through Inhibition of NF-Kappa B Translocation and Chemoinvasion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd. Rais Mustafa

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, we investigated the effects of panduratin A (PA, isolated from Boesenbergia rotunda, on apoptosis and chemoinvasion in A549 human non-small cell lung cancer cells. Activation of the executioner procaspase-3 by PA was found to be dose-dependent. Caspase-3 activity was significantly elevated at the 5 µg/mL level of PA treatment and progressed to a maximal level. However, no significant elevated level was detected on procaspase-8. These findings suggest that PA activated caspase-3 but not caspase-8. Numerous nuclei of PA treated A549 cells stained brightly by anti-cleaved PARP antibody through High Content Screening. This result further confirmed that PA induced apoptotic cell death was mediated through activation of caspase-3 and eventually led to PARP cleavage. Treatment of A549 cells with PA resulted in a strong inhibition of NF-κB activation, which was consistent with a decrease in nuclear levels of NF-κB/p65 and NF-κB/p50 and the elevation of p53 and p21. Besides that, we also showed that PA significantly inhibited the invasion of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner through reducing the secretion of MMP-2 of A549 cells gelatin zymography assay. Our findings not only provide the effects of PA, but may also be important in the design of therapeutic protocols that involve targeting of either p53 or NF-κB.

  8. Effects of X-ray irradiation on expression of Pokemon gene in A549 cells of human lung adenocarcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the dose-and time-effects of X-ray irradiation on the expression of Pokemon gene in A549 cells of human lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: A549 cells were cultured in vitro and exposed to X-rays with the doses of 2, 4, 6 and 8 Gy, respectively. Untreated A549 cells were used as control group. The relative levels of Pokemon mRNA expression in the cells were detected by using quantitative real-time PCR at 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h after irradiation. Results: The Pokemon mRNA expression levels decreased in the early period after irradiation (except 2 and 4 h after irradiation in 2 Gy group) and then increased in the later stage (48 h after irradiation) with significant statistical differences at the most time points in comparison with the control group (t=3.40-154.76, P<0.05). Conclusions: Higher doses of X-rays may degrade the expression of Pokemon mRNA in the human A549 cells and induce apoptosis in the early period, hut also may upgrade its expression in the later period, which might be correlated with the cell cycle regulation and DNA damage repair in the A549 cells. (authors)

  9. COPD promotes migration of A549 lung cancer cells: the role of chemokine CCL21

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuźnar-Kamińska B

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Barbara Kuźnar-Kamińska,1 Justyna Mikuła-Pietrasik,2 Patrycja Sosińska,2 Krzysztof Książek,2 Halina Batura-Gabryel1 1Department of Pulmonology, Allergology and Respiratory Oncology, 2Department of Pathophysiology, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland Abstract: Patients with COPD develop lung cancer more frequently than healthy smokers. At the same time, molecular mediators promoting various aspects of cancer cell progression are still elusive. In this report, we examined whether COPD can be coupled with increased migration of non-small-cell lung cancer cells A549 and, if so, whether this effect may be related to altered production and activity of chemokines CCL21, CXCL5, and CXCL12. The study showed that the migration of A549 cells through the polycarbonate membrane and basement membrane extract toward a chemotactic gradient elicited by serum from patients with COPD was markedly higher as compared with serum from healthy donors. The concentration of CCL21 and CXCL12, but not CXCL5, in serum from patients with COPD was also increased. Experiments in which CCL21- and CXCL12-dependent signaling was blocked revealed that increased migration of the cancer cells upon treatment with serum from patients with COPD was mediated exclusively by CCL21. Collectively, our results indicate that COPD may contribute to the progression of lung cancer via CCL21-dependent intensification of cancer cell migration. Keywords: chemokines, COPD, lung cancer, migration

  10. Effect of staurosporine on the mobility and invasiveness of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells: an in vitro study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lung cancer is one of the most malignant tumors, representing a significant threat to human health. Lung cancer patients often exhibit tumor cell invasion and metastasis before diagnosis which often render current treatments ineffective. Here, we investigated the effect of staurosporine, a potent protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor on the mobility and invasiveness of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. All experiments were conducted using human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells that were either untreated or treated with 1 nmol/L, 10 nmol/L, or 100 nmol/L staurosporine. Electron microscopy analyses were performed to study ultrastructural differences between untreated A549 cells and A549 cells treated with staurosporine. The effect of staurosporine on the mobility and invasiveness of A549 was tested using Transwell chambers. Western blot analyses were performed to study the effect of staurosporine on the levels of PKC-α, integrin β1, E-cadherin, and LnR. Changes in MMP-9 and uPA levels were identified by fluorescence microscopy. We demonstrated that treatment of A549 cells with staurosporine caused alterations in the cell shape and morphology. Untreated cells were primarily short spindle- and triangle-shaped in contrast to staurosporine treated cells which were retracted and round-shaped. The latter showed signs of apoptosis, including vacuole fragmentation, chromatin degeneration, and a decrease in the number of microvilli at the surface of the cells. The A549 cell adhesion, mobility, and invasiveness significantly decreased with higher staurosporine concentrations. E-cadherin, integrin β1, and LnR levels changed by a factor of 1.5, 0.74, and 0.73, respectively compared to untreated cells. In addition, the levels of MMP-9 and uPA decreased in cells treated with staurosporine. In summary, this study demonstrates that staurosporine inhibits cell adhesion, mobility, and invasion of A549 cells. The staurosporine-mediated inhibition of PKC-α, induction of E

  11. High throughput determination of TGFβ1/SMAD3 targets in A549 lung epithelial cells.

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    Yingze Zhang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1 plays a major role in many lung diseases including lung cancer, pulmonary hypertension, and pulmonary fibrosis. TGFβ1 activates a signal transduction cascade that results in the transcriptional regulation of genes in the nucleus, primarily through the DNA-binding transcription factor SMAD3. The objective of this study is to identify genome-wide scale map of SMAD3 binding targets and the molecular pathways and networks affected by the TGFβ1/SMAD3 signaling in lung epithelial cells. METHODOLOGY: We combined chromatin immunoprecipitation with human promoter region microarrays (ChIP-on-chip along with gene expression microarrays to study global transcriptional regulation of the TGFβ1/SMAD3 pathway in human A549 alveolar epithelial cells. The molecular pathways and networks associated with TGFβ1/SMAD3 signaling were identified using computational approaches. Validation of selected target gene expression and direct binding of SMAD3 to promoters were performed by quantitative real time RT-PCR and electrophoretic mobility shift assay on A549 and human primary lung epithelial cells. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Known TGFβ1 target genes such as SERPINE1, SMAD6, SMAD7, TGFB1 and LTBP3, were found in both ChIP-on-chip and gene expression analyses as well as some previously unrecognized targets such as FOXA2. SMAD3 binding of FOXA2 promoter and changed expression were confirmed. Computational approaches combining ChIP-on-chip and gene expression microarray revealed multiple target molecular pathways affected by the TGFβ1/SMAD3 signaling. Identification of global targets and molecular pathways and networks associated with TGFβ1/SMAD3 signaling allow for a better understanding of the mechanisms that determine epithelial cell phenotypes in fibrogenesis and carcinogenesis as does the discovery of the direct effect of TGFβ1 on FOXA2.

  12. Direct and in vitro observation of growth hormone receptor molecules in A549 human lung epithelial cells by nanodiamond labeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, C.-Y.; Perevedentseva, E.; Tu, J.-S.; Chung, P.-H.; Cheng, C.-L.; Liu, K.-K.; Chao, J.-I.; Chen, P.-H.; Chang, C.-C.

    2007-04-01

    This letter presents direct observation of growth hormone receptor in one single cancer cell using nanodiamond-growth hormone complex as a specific probe. The interaction of surface growth hormone receptor of A549 human lung epithelial cells with growth hormone was observed using nanodiamond's unique spectroscopic signal via confocal Raman mapping. The growth hormone molecules were covalent conjugated to 100nm diameter carboxylated nanodiamonds, which can be recognized specifically by the growth hormone receptors of A549 cell. The Raman spectroscopic signal of diamond provides direct and in vitro observation of growth hormone receptors in physiology condition in a single cell level.

  13. Synthesis and cytotoxicity evaluation of 4-amino-4-dehydroxylarctigenin derivatives in glucose-starved A549 tumor cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Min; Gan, Xianwen; Zhao, Kun; Yu, Qiang; Hu, Lihong

    2015-02-01

    The natural product arctigenin (ATG) demonstrated preferential cytotoxicity to cancer cells under glucose starvation. A series of 4-amino-4-dehydroxylarctigenin derivatives based on lead compound ATG were designed and synthesized by bioisosteric modifications. Their cytotoxicities were evaluated in glucose-starved A549 tumor cells and the results indicated that the 4-amino-4-dehydroxylarctigenin showed more potent cytotoxicity than arctigenin, and the further substituent group on 4-amino would result in the cytotoxicities decreased significantly. 4-Substituted-arctigenin could selectively target on glucose-starved A549 tumor cells which provide an alternative strategy for anticancer drug development with minimal normal tissue toxicity. PMID:25571795

  14. Synthesis and cytotoxicity evaluation of 4-amino-4-dehydroxylarctigenin derivatives in glucose-starved A549 tumor cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Min; Gan, Xianwen; Zhao, Kun; Yu, Qiang; Hu, Lihong

    2015-02-01

    The natural product arctigenin (ATG) demonstrated preferential cytotoxicity to cancer cells under glucose starvation. A series of 4-amino-4-dehydroxylarctigenin derivatives based on lead compound ATG were designed and synthesized by bioisosteric modifications. Their cytotoxicities were evaluated in glucose-starved A549 tumor cells and the results indicated that the 4-amino-4-dehydroxylarctigenin showed more potent cytotoxicity than arctigenin, and the further substituent group on 4-amino would result in the cytotoxicities decreased significantly. 4-Substituted-arctigenin could selectively target on glucose-starved A549 tumor cells which provide an alternative strategy for anticancer drug development with minimal normal tissue toxicity.

  15. Reactive oxygen species involved in apoptosis induction of human respiratory epithelial (A549) cells by Streptococcus agalactiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa, Andréia Ferreira Eduardo; Moraes, João Alfredo; de Oliveira, Jessica Silva Santos; dos Santos, Michelle Hanthequeste Bittencourt; Santos, Gabriela da Silva; Barja-Fidalgo, Christina; Mattos-Guaraldi, Ana Luiza; Nagao, Prescilla Emy

    2016-01-01

    Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus; GBS) is an important pathogen and is associated with pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis in neonates and adults. GBS infections induce cytotoxicity of respiratory epithelial cells (A549) with generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (ψm). The apoptosis of A549 cells by GBS was dependent on the activation of caspase-3 and caspase-9 with increased pro-apoptotic Bim and Bax molecules and decreased Bcl-2 pro-survival protein. Treatment of infected A549 cells with ROS inhibitors (diphenyleniodonium chloride or apocynin) prevented intracellular ROS production and apoptosis. Consequently, oxidative stress is included among the cellular events leading to apoptosis during GBS human invasive infections. PMID:26490153

  16. Taxol-induced paraptosis-like A549 cell death is not senescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chao-yang; Chen, Tong-Sheng

    2011-03-01

    Our previous studies have shown that taxol, a potent anticancer agent, induces caspase-independent cell death and cytoplasmic vacuolization in human lung cancer cells. However, the mechanisms of taxol-induced cytoplasmic vacuolization are poorly understood. Cytoplasmic vacuolization have been reported to be a characteristic of cell senescence. Here, we employed confocal fluorescence microscopy imaging to study the reversibility of taxol-induced cytoplasmic vacuolization and whether taxol triggers senescence in A549 cells. We found that taxol-induced cytoplasmic vacuolization at 6 or 9 h after treatment with taxol did not decrease but increase at 24 h or 72 h after refreshing the culture medium without taxol, indicating taxol-induced cytoplasmic vacuolization is irreversible. We used SA-β-Gal (senescence-associated β-galactosidase) to assess whether taxol-induced cell death in cytoplasmic vacuolization fashion is senescence, and found that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-treated, but not taxol-treated cells is significantly stained by the SA-β-Gal, a senescence testing kit, indicating that the form of taxol-induced cell death is not senescence.

  17. Nanoparticles of Selaginella doederleinii leaf extract inhibit human lung cancer cells A549

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syaefudin; Juniarti, A.; Rosiyana, L.; Setyani, A.; Khodijah, S.

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to evaluate cytotoxicity effect of nanoparticles of Selaginella doederleinii (S. doederleinii) leaves extract. S. doederleinii was extracted by maceration method using 70%(v/v) ethanol as solvent. Phytochemical content was analyzed qualitatively by using Harborne and Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) methods. Nanoparticle extract was prepared by ionic gelation using chitosan as encapsulant agent. Anticancer activity was performed by using 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The results showed that S. doederleinii contains of flavonoids. Nanoparticle of S. doederleinii leaves extract greatly inhibited A549 cells growth (cancer cells), with IC50 of 3% or 1020 μg/ml. These nanoparticles extract also inhibited the growth of Chang cells (normal cells), with IC50 of 4% or 1442 μg/ml. The effective concentration of nanoparticles extract which inhibits cancer cells without harming the normal cells is 0.5% or 167 μg/ml. Further studies are needed to obtain the concentration of nanoparticles extract which can selectively suppress cancer cells.

  18. Oncostatin M, but not interleukin-6 or leukemia inhibitory factor, stimulates expression of alpha1-proteinase inhibitor in A549 human alveolar epithelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sallenave, J M; Tremblay, G M; Gauldie, J; Richards, C D

    1997-06-01

    Alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor (A1-Pi) is the main serine proteinase inhibitor found in human plasma and is a potent elastase inhibitor in various tissues, including lung. A1-Pi is expressed and induced in liver during inflammatory responses but can also be produced by epithelial cells. Since hepatocyte A1-Pi production is stimulated by interleukin-6 (IL-6) and other gp130-cytokines, such as leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and oncostatin M (OM), we investigated the role of these cytokines in regulating A1-Pi in lung epithelial cells. We show that OM, a monocyte and T cell product, can specifically and potently induce A1-Pi production in lung-derived A549 alveolar (epithelial) cells, as well as in liver-derived HepG2 cells. Both A1-Pi protein (as detected by ELISA and Western blots) and mRNA levels were enhanced 20-fold to 30-fold in A549 cells. OM was also able to stimulate the expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 in these cells. Interestingly, other members of the IL-6 family (IL-6 and LIF) had little or no effect on A549 cells, and proinflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) also had no stimulatory effect on A1-Pi synthesis in A549 cells. Costimulation with IL-1 beta resulted in a decrease in A1-Pi production from OM-stimulated A549 cells. However, IL-6 production was synergistically enhanced. OM was also able to stimulate A1-Pi production from a bronchial epithelial primary cell line, whereas an intestinal epithelial cell line HT29 responded to IL-6 but not OM. These results suggest that lung levels A1-Pi could be derived not only from liver and inflammatory cells but also from epithelial cells, which can be upregulated on stimulation by OM. This may have implications for regulation of local activity of human neutrophil elastase (HNE) in such diseases as emphysema and cystic fibrosis. PMID:9198001

  19. Antineoplastic effects of deoxyelephantopin,a sesquiterpene lactone from Elephantopus scaber, on lung adenocarcinoma (A549) cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Farha A.Kabeer; Geetha B.Sreedevi; Mangalam S.Nair; Dhanya S.Rajalekshmi; Latha P.Gopalakrishnan; Sujathan Kunjuraman; Remani Prathapan

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:Deoxyelephantopin,a sesquiterpene lactone from Elephantopus scaber,showed inhibition of the growth of various tumor cells in vitro.In the present study,we investigated the cytotoxicity and apoptosis-inducing capacity of deoxyelephantopin on lung adenocarcinoma (A549) cells.METHODS:The cytotoxic effect of deoxyelephantopin on A549 cells and normal lymphocytes was evaluated using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) value was determined.The self-renewal and proliferating potential of A549 cells after treatment with deoxyelephantopin were examined by colony formation assay.Cellular morphology of deoxyelephantopin-treated cells was observed using phasecontrast microscopy.The induction of apoptosis was evaluated using acridine orange and ethidium bromide staining,Hoechst 33342 staining,terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP biotin nick end-labeling (TUNEL) assay,DNA fragmentation analysis and Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate staining by flow cytometry.Activation of caspases was detected using fluorogenic substrate specific to caspases 2,3,8 and 9 and flow cytometric analysis.The total cellular DNA content and expression of cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase was also analyzed.RESULTS:Deoxyelephantopin exhibited cytotoxicity to A549 cells (IC5o =12.287 μg/mL),however,there was no toxicity towards normal human lymphocytes.Deoxyelephantopin suppressed the colony-forming ability of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner.Acridine orange,ethidium bromide and Hoechst 33342 staining showed cell shrinkage,chromosomal condensation and nuclear fragmentation,indicating induction of apoptosis.Deoxyelephantopin increased apoptosis of A549 cells,as evidenced by more TUNEL-positive cells.DNA fragmentation and Annexin V staining revealed late-stage apoptotic cell population.Deoxyelephantopin inhibited A549 cell growth by cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase and induced apoptosis through

  20. Silencing miR-21 Sensitizes Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer A549 Cells to Ionizing Radiation through Inhibition of PI3K/Akt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongfu Ma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the role of microRNA-21 (miR-21 in radiotherapy resistance of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC and the underlying molecular mechanism. A549 cells were transfected with anti-miR-21 or the negative control oligonucleotides and real-time PCR was applied to detect miR-21 expression level. After ionizing radiation (IR, the survival fractions, proliferation, apoptosis, and expression of phosphorylated-Akt of A549 cells were determined by clonogenic survival analysis, MTT assay, flow cytometry, and Western blotting. Downregulation of miR-21 in radioresistant NSCLC A549 cells inhibited the colony-forming ability and proliferation of A549 cells after IR. Moreover, silencing miR-21 enhanced apoptosis of A549 cells induced by IR accompanied by decreased phosphorylated-Akt protein level. However, PI3K activator IGF-1 reversed suppression of phosphorylated-Akt protein level and promotion of apoptosis of A549 cells after IR caused by miR-21 knockdown. Silencing miR-21 in radioresistant NSCLC A549 cells sensitized them to IR by inhibiting cell proliferation and enhancing cell apoptosis through inhibition of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. This might help in sensitization of NSCLC to radiotherapy.

  1. Pirfenidone inhibits TGF-β1-induced over-expression of collagen type I and heat shock protein 47 in A549 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hisatomi Keiko

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pirfenidone is a novel anti-fibrotic and anti-inflammatory agent that inhibits the progression of fibrosis in animal models and in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF. We previously showed that pirfenidone inhibits the over-expression of collagen type I and of heat shock protein (HSP 47, a collagen-specific molecular chaperone, in human lung fibroblasts stimulated with transforming growth factor (TGF-β1 in vitro. The increased numbers of HSP47-positive type II pneumocytes as well as fibroblasts were also diminished by pirfenidone in an animal model of pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin. The present study evaluates the effects of pirfenidone on collagen type I and HSP47 expression in the human alveolar epithelial cell line, A549 cells in vitro. Methods The expression of collagen type I, HSP47 and E-cadherin mRNAs in A549 cells stimulated with TGF-β1 was evaluated by Northern blotting or real-time PCR. The expression of collagen type I, HSP47 and fibronectin proteins was assessed by immunocytochemical staining. Results TGF-β1 stimulated collagen type I and HSP47 mRNA and protein expression in A549 cells, and pirfenidone significantly inhibited this process. Pirfenidone also inhibited over-expression of the fibroblast phenotypic marker fibronectin in A549 cells induced by TGF-β1. Conclusion We concluded that the anti-fibrotic effects of pirfenidone might be mediated not only through the direct inhibition of collagen type I expression but also through the inhibition of HSP47 expression in alveolar epithelial cells, which results in reduced collagen synthesis in lung fibrosis. Furthermore, pirfenidone might partially inhibit the epithelial-mesenchymal transition.

  2. Liposome-mediated IL-28 and IL-29 expression in A549 cells and antiviral effect of IL-28 and IL-29 on WISH cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming-cai LI; Hao-yang WANG; Hai-yan WANG; Tao LI; Shao-heng HE

    2006-01-01

    Aim:To construct the recombinant vectors carrying interleukin (IL) -28A,IL-28B and IL-29 cDNAs and express them in human A549 cells,and analyze their antiviral activity in vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-infected human immortalized amnion epithelial cell line (WISH cells).Methods:Total cell RNA was extracted from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) activated with poly I:C.The cDNAs encoding human IL-28A.IL-28B.and IL-29 were amplified by reversetranscription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and inserted into pcDNA3.1/V5-His-TOPO vectors.These recombinant vectors were transfected into human A549 cells by a liposome-mediated gene transfer method.Semiquantitative RT-PCR and Westem blotting were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of IL-28A,IL-28B,and IL-29.The antiviral activity of IL-28A,IL.28B,and IL-29 was determined by a cytopathic eflfect reduction assay on WISH cells using VSV as a challenge virus.Results:The DNA sequences of the inserts were identical to the published sequences encoding IL-28A,IL-28B,and IL-29 in GenBank.It was transfected cells.Expression of all 3 interleukins in A549 cells was confirmed by Wlestem blot analysis.IL-28 and IL-29 expressed by A549 cells.1ike interferon (IFN)α-2b,were able to protect WISH cells against VSV infection.Conclusion:IL-28 and IL-29 cDNAs were successfully cloned and expressed in eukaryotic cells via transfection with pcDNA3.1/V5-His-TOPO-IL-28/IL-29.Transfection with this vector produced a specific antiviral activity similar to that of IFN-α.which will provide a new tool for the functional study of these cytokines in humans.

  3. Nicotine inhibits histone deacetylase 6 activity and chaperone-dependent activation of the glucocorticoid receptor in A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Li-chao; LIN Jiang-tao; LI Wen; ZHANG Lan; ZHOU Tong-liang; ZHANG Xiao-yan

    2012-01-01

    Background Nicotine,a major component of tobacco,is the main cause of smoking addiction.It was found that asthmatic patients who smoke were insensitive to glucocorticoid treatment.In this paper,we investigated whether nicotine could inhibit histone deacetylase 6 activity (HDAC6) and chaperone-dependent activation of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in A549 cells.Furthermore,the expression level of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) was determined.Methods Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the levels of RNA transcription,and Western blotting was applied to analyze the levels of protein expression of HDAC6,GR,and HSP90 in A549 cells.Moreover,the effects of dexamethasone and trichostatin A were observed in A549 cells.Results A549 cell proliferation was inhibited in the presence of nicotine,and the level of RNA and protein expression of HDAC6 and GR were down-regulated.Conclusions Nicotine could inhibit HDAC6 activity and chaperone-dependent activation of GR.This might be the main reason why asthmatic patients who smoke show insensitivity to the glucocorticoid treatment.

  4. Differential replication of avian influenza H9N2 viruses in human alveolar epithelial A549 cells

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    Peiris Malik

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Avian influenza virus H9N2 isolates cause a mild influenza-like illness in humans. However, the pathogenesis of the H9N2 subtypes in human remains to be investigated. Using a human alveolar epithelial cell line A549 as host, we found that A/Quail/Hong Kong/G1/97 (H9N2/G1, which shares 6 viral "internal genes" with the lethal A/Hong Kong/156/97 (H5N1/97 virus, replicates efficiently whereas other H9N2 viruses, A/Duck/Hong Kong/Y280/97 (H9N2/Y280 and A/Chicken/Hong Kong/G9/97 (H9N2/G9, replicate poorly. Interestingly, we found that there is a difference in the translation of viral protein but not in the infectivity or transcription of viral genes of these H9N2 viruses in the infected cells. This difference may possibly be explained by H9N2/G1 being more efficient on viral protein production in specific cell types. These findings suggest that the H9N2/G1 virus like its counterpart H5N1/97 may be better adapted to the human host and replicates efficiently in human alveolar epithelial cells.

  5. Effects of miR-424 on Proliferation and Migration Abilities in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer A549 Cells and Its Molecular Mechanism

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    Hongmin LI

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective The inhibitory ability of miR-424 on the proliferation of renal carcinoma cell and the migration and invasion of cancer cells has been widely explored and demonstrated. However, the effects of miR-424 on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC have not been systematically examined. In this study, detected the growth and invasion effect of miR-424 in NSCLC A549 cell. The migration and molecular mechanism of this cell are also detected. Methods NSCLC A549 cell was transfected with miR-424 and its inhibitor. After transfection, the proliferation ability of A549 cell was detectedby CCK8 assay. Then, the migration ability in A549 cell was detected by migration assays. Furthermore, the expression level of MMP2 and MMP9 in A549 was detected by Western blot and immune fluorescence. The 3'UTR of E2F6 was cloned into luciferase reporter vector and its enzymatic activitywas detected to verify whether miR-424 can target E2F6. The expression level of E2F6 in a549 cell after transfecing with miR-424 was detected by Western blot. Results After transfection of miR-424, the proliferation and migration abilities were remarkably decreased and the expression level of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were down-regulated in A549. Moreover, MiR-424 inhibited the enzymatic activity of luviferase reporter vector of E2F6. Specifically, the expression level of E2F6 was down-regulated in A549. Conclusion miR-424 can inhibit the proliferation and migration abilities of A549 by negatively regulating the expression of E2F6.

  6. Andrographolide down-regulates hypoxia-inducible factor-1α in human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andrographolide (Andro), a diterpenoid lactone isolated from a traditional herbal medicine Andrographis paniculata, is known to possess multiple pharmacological activities. In our previous study, Andro had been shown to inhibit non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cell migration and invasion via down-regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway. Here we demonstrated that Andro inhibited the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in A549 cells. HIF-1α plays an important role in tumor growth, angiogenesis and lymph node metastasis of NSCLC. The Andro-induced decrease of cellular protein level of HIF-1α was correlated with a rapid ubiquitin-dependent degradation of HIF-1α, and was accompanied by increased expressions of hydroxyl-HIF-1α and prolyl hydroxylase (PHD2), and a later decrease of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) upon the treatment of Andro. The Andro-inhibited VEGF expression appeared to be a consequence of HIF-1α inactivation, because its DNA binding activity was suppressed by Andro. Molecular data showed that all these effects of Andro might be mediated via TGFβ1/PHD2/HIF-1α pathway, as demonstrated by the transfection of TGFβ1 overexpression vector and PHD2 siRNA, and the usage of a pharmacological MG132 inhibitor. Furthermore, we elucidated the involvement of Andro in HIF-1α transduced VEGF expression in A549 cells and other NSCLC cell lines. In conclusion, these results highlighted the potential effects of Andro, which may be developed as a chemotherapeutic or an anti-angiogenesis agent for NSCLC in the future.

  7. Mechanism of cisplatin combined with zoledronic acid on lung cancer A549 cells%顺铂联合唑来膦酸对肺癌A549细胞增殖的影响及其机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    茆勇; 马凤锦; 黄朝晖; 许林; 游庆军; 华东

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the function of cisplatin combined with Zoledronic acid on proliferation and mechanisms of A549 cells.Methods ( 1 ) Methyl thiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay and Annexin V-FITC/PI double-staining flow cytometry were employed to observe the effects of cisplatin combined with Zoledronic acid upon anti-proliferation and apoptosis respectively.Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was applied to assay mRNA expression of MDC1 among different groups.Results Inhibition of the cell proliferation was observed under the treatment of combined cisplatin and zoledronic acid (39.16 ±4.94)%,superior to the treatment of zoledronic acid ( 19.66 ±4.57)% or cisplatin ( 16.87 ± 2.50) %.Combined group induced A549 cells apoptosis ( 32.30 ± O.50 ) %,compared with cisplatin (23.90 ± 2.46) %,zoledronic acid ( 18.87 ± 3.04 ) %,the difference was statistically significant; cisplatin after zoledronic acid treatment of A549 cells M DC1 mRNA expression (0.134 ± 0.037 )was significantly decreased compared with single-drug,zoledronic acid ( 0.208 ± 0.040 ) and cisplatin (0.356 ± 0.033) ( P < 0.05 ).Conclusion Zoledronic acid or cisplatin can significantly inhibit A549 cell proliferation and markedly induce the apoptosis.Zoledronic acid and cisplatin in a synergistic way inhibited the cell proliferation and induced apoptosis on A549 cell.The downregulated expression level of MDC1 mRNA may involved in the mechanism of synergistic effect.%目的 观察顺铂联合唑来膦酸对肺癌A-549细胞增殖的影响并探讨其作用机制.方法 以噻唑蓝(MTT)比色法观察顺铂联合唑来膦酸对A549细胞增殖的影响,以Annexin-V/PI双染法检测细胞凋亡,逆转录-聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)检测DNA损伤检查点蛋白调节因子1(MDC1)mRNA的表达.结果 顺铂联合唑来膦酸对A549细胞增殖的抑制率(39.16±4.94)%高于顺铂(16.87±2.50)%、唑来膦酸(19.66±4.57)%;联合用药诱导A549

  8. 采用RNA干扰技术抑制A549细胞表皮生长因子受体表达%Inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor expression by RNA interference in A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏; Min ZHANG; 张新; Xin ZHANG; Chun-xue BAI; 白春学; Jie CHEN; 陈杰; MinQ WEI; Wei MQ

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the biological features of A549 cells in which epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors expression were suppressed by RNA interference (RNAi). METHODS: A549 cells were transfected using short small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) formulated with Lipofectamine 2000. The EGF receptor numbers were determined by Western blotting and flowcytometry. The antiproliferative effects of sequence specific double stranded RNA(dsRNA) were assessed using cell count, colony assay and scratch assay. The chemosensitivity of transfected cells to cisplatin was measured by MTT. RESULTS: Sequence specific dsRNA-EGFR down-regulated EGF receptor expression dramatically. Compared with the control group, dsRNA-EGFR reduced the cell number by 85.0 %,decreased the colonies by 63.3 %, inhibited the migration by 87.2 %, and increased the sensitivity of A549 to cisplatin by four-fold. CONCLUSION: Sequence specific dsRNA-EGFR were capable of suppressing EGF receptor expression, hence significantly inhibiting cellular proliferation and motility, and enhancing chemosensitivity of A549 cells to cisplatin. The successful application of dsRNA-EGFR for inhibition of proliferation in EGF receptor overexpressing cells can help extend the list of available therapeutic modalities in the treatment of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC).

  9. Blocking the NOTCH pathway can inhibit the growth of CD133-positive A549 cells and sensitize to chemotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Juntao; Mao, Zhangfan; Huang, Jie; Xie, Songping; Liu, Tianshu; Mao, Zhifu, E-mail: 48151660@qq.com

    2014-02-21

    Highlights: • Notch signaling pathway members are expressed lower levels in CD133+ cells. • CD133+ cells are not as sensitive as CD133− cells to chemotherapy. • GSI could inhibit the growth of both CD133+ and CD133− cells. • Blockade of Notch signaling pathway enhanced the effect of chemotherapy with CDDP. • DAPT/CDDP co-therapy caused G2/M arrest and elimination in CD133+ cells. - Abstract: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are believed to play an important role in tumor growth and recurrence. These cells exhibit self-renewal and proliferation properties. CSCs also exhibit significant drug resistance compared with normal tumor cells. Finding new treatments that target CSCs could significantly enhance the effect of chemotherapy and improve patient survival. Notch signaling is known to regulate the development of the lungs by controlling the cell-fate determination of normal stem cells. In this study, we isolated CSCs from the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549. CD133 was used as a stem cell marker for fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). We compared the expression of Notch signaling in both CD133+ and CD133− cells and blocked Notch signaling using the γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT (GSI-IX). The effect of combining GSI and cisplatin (CDDP) was also examined in these two types of cells. We observed that both CD133+ and CD133− cells proliferated at similar rates, but the cells exhibited distinctive differences in cell cycle progression. Few CD133+ cells were observed in the G{sub 2}/M phase, and there were half as many cells in S phase compared with the CD133− cells. Furthermore, CD133+ cells exhibited significant resistance to chemotherapy when treated with CDDP. The expression of Notch signaling pathway members, such as Notch1, Notch2 and Hes1, was lower in CD133+ cells. GSI slightly inhibited the proliferation of both cell types and exhibited little effect on the cell cycle. The inhibitory effects of DPP on these two types of cells were

  10. Blocking the NOTCH pathway can inhibit the growth of CD133-positive A549 cells and sensitize to chemotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Notch signaling pathway members are expressed lower levels in CD133+ cells. • CD133+ cells are not as sensitive as CD133− cells to chemotherapy. • GSI could inhibit the growth of both CD133+ and CD133− cells. • Blockade of Notch signaling pathway enhanced the effect of chemotherapy with CDDP. • DAPT/CDDP co-therapy caused G2/M arrest and elimination in CD133+ cells. - Abstract: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are believed to play an important role in tumor growth and recurrence. These cells exhibit self-renewal and proliferation properties. CSCs also exhibit significant drug resistance compared with normal tumor cells. Finding new treatments that target CSCs could significantly enhance the effect of chemotherapy and improve patient survival. Notch signaling is known to regulate the development of the lungs by controlling the cell-fate determination of normal stem cells. In this study, we isolated CSCs from the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549. CD133 was used as a stem cell marker for fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). We compared the expression of Notch signaling in both CD133+ and CD133− cells and blocked Notch signaling using the γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT (GSI-IX). The effect of combining GSI and cisplatin (CDDP) was also examined in these two types of cells. We observed that both CD133+ and CD133− cells proliferated at similar rates, but the cells exhibited distinctive differences in cell cycle progression. Few CD133+ cells were observed in the G2/M phase, and there were half as many cells in S phase compared with the CD133− cells. Furthermore, CD133+ cells exhibited significant resistance to chemotherapy when treated with CDDP. The expression of Notch signaling pathway members, such as Notch1, Notch2 and Hes1, was lower in CD133+ cells. GSI slightly inhibited the proliferation of both cell types and exhibited little effect on the cell cycle. The inhibitory effects of DPP on these two types of cells were enhanced

  11. 7-Epiclusianone, a Benzophenone Extracted from Garcinia brasiliensis (Clusiaceae, Induces Cell Cycle Arrest in G1/S Transition in A549 Cells

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    Marisa Ionta

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the world. Disease stage is the most relevant factor influencing mortality. Unfortunately, most patients are still diagnosed at an advanced stage and their five-year survival rate is only 4%. Thus, it is relevant to identify novel drugs that can improve the treatment options for lung cancer. Natural products have been an important source for the discovery of new compounds with pharmacological potential including antineoplastic agents. We have previously isolated a prenylated benzophenone (7-epiclusianone from Garcinia brasiliensis (Clusiaceae that has several biological properties including antiproliferative activity against cancer cell lines. In continuation with our studies, the present work aimed to investigate the mechanisms involved with antiproliferative activity of 7-epiclusianone in A549 cells. Our data showed that 7-epiclusianone reduced the viability of A549 cells in a concentration-dependent manner (IC50 of 16.13 ± 1.12 μM. Cells were arrested in G1/S transition and apoptosis was induced. In addition, we observed morphological changes with cytoskeleton disorganization in consequence of the treatment. Taken together, the results showed that cell cycle arrest in G1/S transition is the main mechanism involved with antiproliferative activity of 7-epiclusianone. Our results are promising and open up the prospect of using this compound in further anticancer in vivo studies.

  12. Characterization of indoor dust from Brazil and evaluation of the cytotoxicity in A549 lung cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deschamps, E; Weidler, P G; Friedrich, F; Weiss, C; Diabaté, S

    2014-04-01

    Over the past decade, ambient air particulate matter (PM) has been clearly associated with adverse health effects. In Brazil, small and poor communities are exposed to indoor dust derived from both natural sources, identified as blowing soil dust, and anthropogenic particles from mining activities. This study investigates the physicochemical and mineralogical composition of indoor PM10 dust samples collected in Minas Gerais, Brazil, and evaluates its cytotoxicity and inflammatory potential. The mean PM10 mass concentration was 206 μg/m(3). The high dust concentration in the interior of the residences is strongly related to blowing soil dust. The chemical and mineralogical compositions were determined by ICP-OES and XRD, and the most prominent minerals were clays, Fe-oxide, quartz, feldspars, Al(hydr)oxides, zeolites, and anatase, containing the transition metals Fe, Cr, V, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ti, and Mn as well as the metalloid As. The indoor dust samples presented a low water solubility of about 6 %. In vitro experiments were carried out with human lung alveolar carcinoma cells (A549) to study the toxicological effects. The influence of the PM10 dust samples on cell viability, intracellular formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and release of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-8 was analysed. The indoor dust showed little effects on alamarBlue reduction indicating unaltered mitochondrial activity. However, significant cell membrane damage, ROS production, and IL-8 release were detected in dependence of dose and time. This study will support the implementation of mitigation actions in the investigated area in Brazil. PMID:23990125

  13. Effect of silencing of ATM expression by siRNA on radiosensitivity of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the effect of silencing of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) expression by plasmid-mediated RNA interference on the radiosensitivity of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. Methods: Eukaryotic expression plasmid containing ATM small interfering RNA (siRNA) (pSilencer2.1-ATM), as well as pSilencer2.1-nonspecific, was constructed.Lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells were divided into positive group, negative group,and control group to be transfected with pSilencer2.1-ATM, pSilencer2.1-nonspecific, and no plasmid, respectively. The mRNA and protein expression of ATM was measured by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The change in cell radiosensitivity was observed by colony-forming assay. Cell cycle and cell apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry. Results: The eukaryotic expression plasmid containing ATM siRNA was successfully constructed. The RT-PCR and Western blot demonstrated that the expression of ATM was down-regulated in the positive group. The sensitization enhancement ratios (D0 ratios) for the positive group and negative group were 1.50 and 1.01, respectively. The flow cytometry revealed that the proportions of A549 cells in G1 and G2/M phases were significantly lower in the positive group than in the control group (51.27% vs 61.85%, P = 0.012; 6.34% vs 10.91%, P = 0.008) and that the apoptosis rate was significantly higher in the positive group than in the control group and negative group (49.31% vs 13.58%, P = 0.000; 49.31% vs 13.17%, P = 0.000). Conclusions: Silencing of ATM expression may increase the radiosensitivity of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells, probably by affecting the cell cycle and promoting cell apoptosis. (authors)

  14. Napsin A transfection interferes the ephethlial-mesenchymal transition of A549 cells%Napsin A基因转染干预A549细胞的上皮-间质转化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管淑红; 郑金旭; 汤艳; 宋萍; 许清; 刘继柱

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨Napsin A基因转染至A549细胞对其上皮-间质转化(EMT)的作用和机制.方法 采用慢病毒载体质粒PLJM1构建重组质粒PLJM1-Napsin A,将Napsin A基因转染至A549细胞染色体中并鉴定.用转化生长因子-β1(TGF-β1)刺激A549细胞构建体外EMT模型,倒置显微镜下动态观察细胞形态学的变化,观察Napsin A基因转染对A549细胞在体外EMT模型中细胞EMT和表达黏着斑激酶(FAK)的影响.结果重组质粒PLJM1-Napsin A测序结果与设计序列完全符合,转Napsin A基因A549细胞表达Napsin A蛋白显著高于非转基因细胞组(P<0.01).细胞经TGF-β1刺激后形态上演变为间质细胞,E钙蛋白的mRNA和蛋白表达水平明显下调(P<0.01),相反Ⅰ型胶原则显著上调(P<0.01),提示体外构建EMT模型获得成功.转Napsin A基因A549细胞在TGF-β1干预后,其细胞形态间质改变、E钙蛋白和Ⅰ型胶原的表达量也发生相似变化趋势,但变化幅度显著变小(其中E钙蛋白:P<0.01,Ⅰ型胶原:P<0.05).体外EMT模型中,细胞FAK蛋白表达量增多(P<0.01),但转基因细胞上调趋势明显小于未转基因细胞(P<0.01).结论转染Napsin A基因至A549细胞可以部分阻滞细胞EMT进程,其作用机制可能与抑制整合素信号转导通路有关.%Objective To study the effect and mechanism of Napsin A gene transfection into A549 cells on ephethlial-mesenchymal transition( EMT ) in vitro. Methods A recombinant lentiviral plasmid PLJMI-Napsin A was constructed, then transfected into A549 cell and identified. A549 cells EMT model was estahlished by transforming growth factor beta-1( TGF-β1 )treatment in vitro. The morphology change was observed under inverted microscopy successively. To ohserve the degree of EMT by TGF-β1 intervening A549 cells, the expression of E-cadherin and collagen type Ⅰ was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction( RT-PCR )and Western blotting. Finally , in order to investigate

  15. Safrole oxide induces apoptosis by activating caspase-3, -8, and -9 in A549 human lung cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Aiying; Zhao, Baoxiang; Yin, Deling; Zhang, Shangli; Miao, Junying

    2006-01-01

    Previously we found that 3,4-(methylenedioxy)-1-(2',3'-epoxypropyl)-benzene (safrole oxide) induced a typical apoptosis in A549 human lung cancer cells. In this study, we further investigated which caspases were activated by safrole oxide during the apoptosis. The data showed that the activity of caspase-3, -8, and -9 was significantly enhanced by the compound, which suggested that safrole oxide might be used as a caspase promoter to initiate lung cancer cell apoptosis.

  16. The effects of disodium cromoglycate on enhanced adherence of Haemophilus influenzae to A549 cells infected with respiratory syncytial virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukasawa, Chie; Ishiwada, Naruhiko; Ogita, Junko; Hishiki, Haruka; Kohno, Yoichi

    2009-08-01

    Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) secondary infection often complicates respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections. Previous studies have revealed that RSV infections enhance NTHi adherence to airway epithelial cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) and corticosteroids, which are frequently used for the treatment of wheezing often related to RSV infections, on the adherence of NTHi to RSV-infected A549 cells. DSCG inhibited enhanced adherence of NTHi to RSV-infected A549 cells, whereas dexamethasone (Dex) and fluticasone propionate (Fp) did not. DSCG suppressed the expression of ICAM-1, which is one of the NTHi receptors. Furthermore, DSCG exhibited an inhibitory effect on RSV infections. It is suggested that DSCG exerts an anti-RSV effect, and consequently attenuates the expression of NTHi receptors. PMID:19390482

  17. The Effects of Davallic Acid from Davallia divaricata Blume on Apoptosis Induction in A549 Lung Cancer Cells

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    Tsu-Liang Chang

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Traditional or folk medicinal herbs continue to be prescribed in the treatment of various diseases and conditions in many cultures. Recent scientific efforts have focused on the potential roles of extracts of traditional herbs as alternative and complementary medications for cancer treatment. In Taiwan, Davallia divaricata Blume has been traditionally employed in folk medicine for therapy of lung cancer, davallic acid being the major active compound of D. divaricata Blume. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory activity of davallic acid on the proliferation of A549 lung cancer cells. Davallic acid was extracted from D. divaricata Blume, and its effects on cell viability, cell cycle distribution, ROS level, and apoptotic protein expression in A549 cells were determined. Davallic acid significantly induced reactive oxygen species (ROS generation as well as caspase-3, -8, and -9 activation, thereby repressing A549 cell growth and elevating apoptotic activity. Since lung cancer has a high incidence of recurrence, these results indicate that davallic acid may have the potential to be a natural anti-lung cancer compound, and may provide a basis for further study of its use in combating cancer.

  18. X射线对人肺腺癌A549细胞Pokemon基因表达的影响%Effects of X-ray irradiation on expression of Pokemon gene in A549 cells of human lung adenocarcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王璐; 邹跃; 江其生; 李伟; 宋秀军; 周湘艳; 王翠兰

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究不同剂量X射线照射及照射后不同时间点对人肺腺癌A549细胞Pokemon基因表达的影响.方法 用吸收剂量分别为2、4、6和8 Gy的X射线照射体外堵养的人肺腺癌A549细胞,2、4、8、12、24、48和72 ha,用实时定量PCR技术检测其中的Pokemon mRNA表达水平,以未照射组为对照.结果 在2、4、6、8 Gy X射线照射后的早期(除2 Gy照射后的2和4 h外)Pokemon mRNA的表达降低,但在晚期(48 h以后)呈升高趋势,在大部分时间点实验组与对照组的差异有统计学意义(t=3.40~154.76,P<0.05).结论 较大剂量的X射线在早期可下调A549细胞Pokemon基因mRNA的表达,诱导肿瘤细胞凋亡;但在晚期又可诱导A549细胞高表达PokemonmRNA,这可能与辐射所致A549细胞的DNA损伤修复和细胞周期调控有关.%Objective To study the dose-and time-effects of X-ray irradiation on the expression of Pokemon gene in A549 cells of human lung adenocarcinoma.Methods A549 cells were cultured in vitro and exposed to X-rays with the doses of 2,4,6 and 8 Gy,respectively.Untreated A549 cells were used as control group.The relative levels of Pokemon mRNA expression in the cells were detected by using quantitative real-time PCR at 2,4,8,12,24,48 and 72 h after irradiation.Results The Pokemon mRNA expression levels decreased in the early period after irradiation(except 2 and 4 h after irradiation in 2 Gy group)and then increased in the later stage(48 h after irradiation)with significant statistical differences at the most time points in comparison with the control group(t=3.40-154.76,P<0.05).Conclusions Higher doses of X-rays may degrade the expression of Pokemon mRNA in the human A549 cells and induce apoptosis in the early period,hut also may upgrade its expression in the later period, which might be correlated with the cell cycle regulation and DNA damage repair in the A549 cells.

  19. Role of mechanical stretching and lipopolysaccharide in early apoptosis and IL-8 of alveolar epithelial typeⅡ cells A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiao-Ming Ning; Xiao-Ning Sun; Xin-Kai Zhao

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effects of mechanical stretching and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the early apoptosis and IL-8 production of alveolar epithelial typeⅡ cellsA549.Methods:The experimental matrix consisted of three integrated studies.In the first study,A549 cells were subjected to different stretching strain frequency and duration time to see the effects on the early apoptosis.In the second study,A549 cells were subjected to mechanical stretch(15%4 h, 0.5Hz) andLPS(1 or100 ng/mL) to see whether mechanical strain andLPS also have an addictive effect on the early apoptosis.In the third study to investigate whether this addictive effect could be induced byLPS and mechanical stretch onIL-8 production,A549 cells were subjected to LPS(100 ng/mL) and mechanical strain(15%,0.5Hz,4 h).Real timePCR and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay were used to measure mRNA and protein level ofIL-8.The early apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry.Results:Mechanical stretch induced the early apoptosis in a force and frequency and time-dependent manner.In the presence ofLPS, mechanical stretch enhancedLPS-induced early apoptosis, especially in100 ng/mLLPS group compared with1 ng/mLLPS and the control group.Mechanical stretch increasedIL-8 production and enhancedLPS-inducedIL-8 screation both in mRNA and protein levels.Conclusions:Mechanical stretch can induce the early apoptosis andIL-8 secretion.Mechanical stretch andLPS have an addictive effect on the early apoptosis andIL-8 production in alveolar type2 cells, which is one of the mechanisms of ventilator-induced lung injury.

  20. Moringa oleifera Gold Nanoparticles Modulate Oncogenes, Tumor Suppressor Genes, and Caspase-9 Splice Variants in A549 Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiloke, Charlette; Phulukdaree, Alisa; Anand, Krishnan; Gengan, Robert M; Chuturgoon, Anil A

    2016-10-01

    Gold nanoparticles (AuNP's) facilitate cancer cell recognition and can be manufactured by green synthesis using nutrient rich medicinal plants such as Moringa oleifera (MO). Targeting dysregulated oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes is crucial for cancer therapeutics. We investigated the antiproliferative effects of AuNP synthesized from MO aqueous leaf extracts (MLAuNP ) in A549 lung and SNO oesophageal cancer cells. A one-pot green synthesis technique was used to synthesise MLAuNP . A549, SNO cancer cells and normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were exposed to MLAuNP and CAuNP to evaluate cytotoxicity (MTT assay); apoptosis was measured by phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization, mitochondrial depolarization (ΔΨm) (flow cytometry), caspase-3/7, -9 activity, and ATP levels (luminometry). The mRNA expression of c-myc, p53, Skp2, Fbw7α, and caspase-9 splice variants was determined using qPCR, while relative protein expression of c-myc, p53, SRp30a, Bax, Bcl-2, Smac/DIABLO, Hsp70, and PARP-1 were determined by Western blotting. MLAuNP and CAuNP were not cytotoxic to PBMCs, whilst its pro-apoptotic properties were confirmed in A549 and SNO cells. MLAuNP significantly increased caspase activity in SNO cells while MLAuNP significantly increased PS externalization, ΔΨm, caspase-9, caspase-3/7 activities, and decreased ATP levels in A549 cells. Also, p53 mRNA and protein levels, SRp30a (P = 0.428), Bax, Smac/DIABLO and PARP-1 24 kDa fragment levels were significantly increased. Conversely, MLAuNP significantly decreased Bcl-2, Hsp70, Skp2, Fbw7α, c-myc mRNA, and protein levels and activated alternate splicing with caspase-9a splice variant being significantly increased. MLAuNP possesses antiproliferative properties and induced apoptosis in A549 cells by activating alternate splicing of caspase-9. J. Cell. Biochem. 117: 2302-2314, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Moringa oleifera Gold Nanoparticles Modulate Oncogenes, Tumor Suppressor Genes, and Caspase-9 Splice Variants in A549 Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiloke, Charlette; Phulukdaree, Alisa; Anand, Krishnan; Gengan, Robert M; Chuturgoon, Anil A

    2016-10-01

    Gold nanoparticles (AuNP's) facilitate cancer cell recognition and can be manufactured by green synthesis using nutrient rich medicinal plants such as Moringa oleifera (MO). Targeting dysregulated oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes is crucial for cancer therapeutics. We investigated the antiproliferative effects of AuNP synthesized from MO aqueous leaf extracts (MLAuNP ) in A549 lung and SNO oesophageal cancer cells. A one-pot green synthesis technique was used to synthesise MLAuNP . A549, SNO cancer cells and normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were exposed to MLAuNP and CAuNP to evaluate cytotoxicity (MTT assay); apoptosis was measured by phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization, mitochondrial depolarization (ΔΨm) (flow cytometry), caspase-3/7, -9 activity, and ATP levels (luminometry). The mRNA expression of c-myc, p53, Skp2, Fbw7α, and caspase-9 splice variants was determined using qPCR, while relative protein expression of c-myc, p53, SRp30a, Bax, Bcl-2, Smac/DIABLO, Hsp70, and PARP-1 were determined by Western blotting. MLAuNP and CAuNP were not cytotoxic to PBMCs, whilst its pro-apoptotic properties were confirmed in A549 and SNO cells. MLAuNP significantly increased caspase activity in SNO cells while MLAuNP significantly increased PS externalization, ΔΨm, caspase-9, caspase-3/7 activities, and decreased ATP levels in A549 cells. Also, p53 mRNA and protein levels, SRp30a (P = 0.428), Bax, Smac/DIABLO and PARP-1 24 kDa fragment levels were significantly increased. Conversely, MLAuNP significantly decreased Bcl-2, Hsp70, Skp2, Fbw7α, c-myc mRNA, and protein levels and activated alternate splicing with caspase-9a splice variant being significantly increased. MLAuNP possesses antiproliferative properties and induced apoptosis in A549 cells by activating alternate splicing of caspase-9. J. Cell. Biochem. 117: 2302-2314, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26923760

  2. In vitro evaluation of the cellular effect of indium tin oxide nanoparticles using the human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabei, Yosuke; Sonoda, Akinari; Nakajima, Yoshihiro; Biju, Vasudevanpillai; Makita, Yoji; Yoshida, Yasukazu; Horie, Masanori

    2015-05-01

    Indium tin oxide (ITO) is widely used in liquid crystal displays (LCDs) or plasma and mobile phone displays. Elevated production and usage of ITO in such displays have led to increased concerns over the safety of industrial workers exposed to particulate aerosols produced during cutting, grinding and polishing of these materials. However, the cellular effects of ITO nanoparticles (NPs) are still unclear, although it has been reported that micro-scale ITO particles induce cytotoxicity. The aim of this study was to examine the potential of ITO NPs to induce cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, and DNA damage using human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. Here, stable dispersions of a medium containing ITO NPs were obtained using pre-adsorption and centrifugal fractionation methods, and the A549 cells were incubated in this medium. The ITO NPs showed low cytotoxic effects as shown by the WST-1 and LDH assays. Transmission electron microscopy observations showed the cellular uptake of ITO NPs. The ITO NPs increased the intracellular level of reactive oxygen species and the expression of the heme oxygenase 1 gene. Further, the results of alkaline comet assays showed that ITO NPs induced DNA damage. Thus, these results suggest that ITO NPs possess a genotoxic potential on human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells.

  3. MiR-200a enhances the migrations of A549 and SK-MES-1 cells by regulating the expression of TSPAN1

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Yaqing Chen; Wei Peng; Yixiang Lu; Jianxin Chen; York Yuanyuan Zhu; Tao Xi

    2013-09-01

    MicroRNA-200a (miR-200a) has been reported to regulate tumour progression in several tumours; however, little is known about its role in non-small cell lung cancer cells (NSCLCs). Here, we found that miR-200a was up-regulated in A549 and SK-MES-1 cells compared with normal lung cells HELF. By a series of gain-of-function and loss-offunction studies, over-expression of miR-200a was indicated to enhance cells migration, and its knock-down inhibited migration of cells in NSCLC cell lines. Furthermore, miR-200a was identified to induce TSPAN1 expression which was related to migration. TSPAN1 was proved to induce migration, and so up-regulation of TSPAN1 by miR-200a may explain why over-expressing miR-200a promotes NSCLC cells migration.

  4. Curcumin promotes apoptosis in A549/DDP multidrug-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cells through an miRNA signaling pathway

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Jian, E-mail: zhangjian197011@yahoo.com [Department of Respiratory Medicine, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi' an 710032 (China); Zhang, Tao [Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi' an 710038 (China); Ti, Xinyu; Shi, Jieran; Wu, Changgui; Ren, Xinling [Department of Respiratory Medicine, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi' an 710032 (China); Yin, Hong, E-mail: yinnhong@yahoo.com [The Medical Image Center, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi' an 710032 (China)

    2010-08-13

    Research highlights: {yields} Curcumin had anti-cancer effects on A549/DDP multidrug-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cells {yields} Curcumin promotes apoptosis in A549/DDP cells through a miRNA signaling pathway {yields} Curcumin induces A549/DDP cell apoptosis by downregulating miR-186* {yields} miR-186* may serve as a potential gene therapy target for refractory lung cancer that is sensitive to curcumin -- Abstract: Curcumin extracted from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa L. has been shown to have inhibitory effects on cancers through its anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities. Emerging evidence demonstrates that curcumin can overcome drug resistance to classical chemotherapies. Thus, the mechanisms underlying the anti-tumor activities of curcumin require further study. In our study, we first demonstrated that curcumin had anti-cancer effects on A549/DDP multidrug-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Further studies showed that curcumin altered miRNA expression; in particular, significantly downregulated the expression of miR-186* in A549/DDP. In addition, transfection of cells with a miR-186* inhibitor promoted A549/DDP apoptosis, and overexpression of miR-186* significantly inhibited curcumin-induced apoptosis in A549/DDP cells. These observations suggest that miR-186* may serve as a potential gene therapy target for refractory lung cancer that is sensitive to curcumin.

  5. Curcumin promotes apoptosis in A549/DDP multidrug-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cells through an miRNA signaling pathway

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research highlights: → Curcumin had anti-cancer effects on A549/DDP multidrug-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cells → Curcumin promotes apoptosis in A549/DDP cells through a miRNA signaling pathway → Curcumin induces A549/DDP cell apoptosis by downregulating miR-186* → miR-186* may serve as a potential gene therapy target for refractory lung cancer that is sensitive to curcumin -- Abstract: Curcumin extracted from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa L. has been shown to have inhibitory effects on cancers through its anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities. Emerging evidence demonstrates that curcumin can overcome drug resistance to classical chemotherapies. Thus, the mechanisms underlying the anti-tumor activities of curcumin require further study. In our study, we first demonstrated that curcumin had anti-cancer effects on A549/DDP multidrug-resistant human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Further studies showed that curcumin altered miRNA expression; in particular, significantly downregulated the expression of miR-186* in A549/DDP. In addition, transfection of cells with a miR-186* inhibitor promoted A549/DDP apoptosis, and overexpression of miR-186* significantly inhibited curcumin-induced apoptosis in A549/DDP cells. These observations suggest that miR-186* may serve as a potential gene therapy target for refractory lung cancer that is sensitive to curcumin.

  6. The effect of β-elemene combined with irradiation on DNA damage and repair in A549 cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study if β-elemene can increase radiation-induced deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage and decrease the damage repair. Methods: Exponentially growing human lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549) were exposed to 10 or 20 μg/ml β-elemene for 24 h before irradiation.The effect of β-elemene on the in vitro radiosensitivity of A549 cells was evaluated using clonogenic assay. DNA damage and repair were evaluated using comet assay. Results: Exposure to β-elemene before irradiation increased the radiosensitivity of A549 cells. The SERD0 for 10 μg/ml and 20 μg/ml β-elemene was 1.55 and 1.64, respectively. The SERDq for 10 μg/ml and 20 μg/ml β-elemene was 1.43 and 1.75, respectively. Combined treatment, comparing to irradiation or β-elemene treatment alone, induced higher levels of DNA damage and slower rate of damage repair. A549 cells exposed to 20 μg/ml β-elemene followed by irradiation showed a higher levels of tail moment (TM) than those exposed to irradiation or β-elemene alone at 0 h, 2 h, 6 h and 24 h after irradiation. The TM of the three groups at 0 h, 2 h, 6 h and 24 h after irradiation was 7.16±2.61, 0.95±0.65 and 1.81±1.23 (F=231.24, P<0.01), 3.65±2.06, 0.11±0.07 and 1.58±1.40(F=90.22, P<0.01), 2.09±0.83, 0.1±0.05 and 0.45±0.25 (F=238.44, P<0.01), 1.45±1.37, 0.11±0.08 and 0.60±0.40 (F=38.94, P<0.01), respectively. Conclusions: β-elemene can enhance the radiosensitivity of A549 cells through the enhancement of DNA damage and the inhibition of DNA damage repair. (authors)

  7. Study on apoptosis of human non-small cell pulmonary carcinoma A549 cells induced by 32P-chromium phosphates in vitro

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To observe the phasic change and apoptosis of A549 non-small cell lung cancer cells induced by 32P-chromium phosphate in vitro, and establish the dose-response and time-response relationship. Methods: Internal irradiation was conducted by adding 32P-colloid into A549 cell culture system. The initial radioactivities were 0, 93, 180, 278, 370, 463 MBq/L, respectively. Giemsa stain, transmission electron microscopy and TUNEL were used in assessing morphologic, ultra structural pathologic and biochemical characteristics, and the phasic changes and apoptotic rates of cells were studied by flow cytometry. Results: After irradiation of A549 cells, the cell ratio of S + G2-M phase tended to increase within 96 h, then decreased gradually. At 72 h after irradiation the A549 cells showed excited manifestation, and in each irradiation group apoptosis began from 96 h of irradiation, and attained the peak at 120 h. Conclusion: In the lower dosage range, 32P internal irradiation may induce human NSCLC A549 cells to present delayed onset of apoptosis, and the rate of cell apoptosis is positively correlated to the initial radioactivity concentration. (authors)

  8. Platinum(II) phenanthroimidazole G-quadruplex ligand induces selective telomere shortening in A549 cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancini, Johanna; Rousseau, Philippe; Castor, Katherine J; Sleiman, Hanadi F; Autexier, Chantal

    2016-02-01

    Telomere maintenance, achieved by the binding of protective shelterin capping proteins to telomeres and by either telomerase or a recombination-based alternative lengthening of telomere (ALT) mechanism, is critical for cell proliferation and survival. Extensive telomere shortening or loss of telomere integrity activates DNA damage checkpoints, leading to cell senescence or death. Although telomerase upregulation is an attractive target for anti-cancer therapy, the lag associated with telomere shortening and the potential activation of ALT pose a challenge. An alternative approach is to modify telomere interactions with binding proteins (telomere uncapping). G-quadruplex ligands stabilize structures generated from single-stranded G-rich 3'-telomere end (G-quadruplex) folding, which in principle, cannot be elongated by telomerase, thus leading to telomere shortening. Ligands can also mediate rapid anti-proliferative effects by telomere uncapping. We previously reported that the G-quadruplex ligand, phenylphenanthroimidazole ethylenediamine platinum(II) (PIP), inhibits telomerase activity in vitro[47]. In the current study, a long-term seeding assay showed that PIP significantly inhibited the seeding capacity of A549 lung cancer cells and to a lesser extent primary MRC5 fibroblast cells. Importantly, treatment with PIP caused a significant dose- and time-dependent decrease in average telomere length of A549 but not MRC5 cells. Moreover, cell cycle analysis revealed a significant increase in G1 arrest upon treatment of A549 cells, but not MRC5 cells. Both apoptosis and cellular senescence may contribute to the anti-proliferative effects of PIP. Our studies validate the development of novel and specific therapeutic ligands targeting telomeric G-quadruplex structures in cancer cells. PMID:26724375

  9. Platinum(II) phenanthroimidazole G-quadruplex ligand induces selective telomere shortening in A549 cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancini, Johanna; Rousseau, Philippe; Castor, Katherine J; Sleiman, Hanadi F; Autexier, Chantal

    2016-02-01

    Telomere maintenance, achieved by the binding of protective shelterin capping proteins to telomeres and by either telomerase or a recombination-based alternative lengthening of telomere (ALT) mechanism, is critical for cell proliferation and survival. Extensive telomere shortening or loss of telomere integrity activates DNA damage checkpoints, leading to cell senescence or death. Although telomerase upregulation is an attractive target for anti-cancer therapy, the lag associated with telomere shortening and the potential activation of ALT pose a challenge. An alternative approach is to modify telomere interactions with binding proteins (telomere uncapping). G-quadruplex ligands stabilize structures generated from single-stranded G-rich 3'-telomere end (G-quadruplex) folding, which in principle, cannot be elongated by telomerase, thus leading to telomere shortening. Ligands can also mediate rapid anti-proliferative effects by telomere uncapping. We previously reported that the G-quadruplex ligand, phenylphenanthroimidazole ethylenediamine platinum(II) (PIP), inhibits telomerase activity in vitro[47]. In the current study, a long-term seeding assay showed that PIP significantly inhibited the seeding capacity of A549 lung cancer cells and to a lesser extent primary MRC5 fibroblast cells. Importantly, treatment with PIP caused a significant dose- and time-dependent decrease in average telomere length of A549 but not MRC5 cells. Moreover, cell cycle analysis revealed a significant increase in G1 arrest upon treatment of A549 cells, but not MRC5 cells. Both apoptosis and cellular senescence may contribute to the anti-proliferative effects of PIP. Our studies validate the development of novel and specific therapeutic ligands targeting telomeric G-quadruplex structures in cancer cells.

  10. Studies on cytotoxic constituents from the leaves of Elaeagnus oldhamii Maxim. in non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Chi-Ren; Kuo, Yueh-Hsiung; Ho, Yu-Ling; Wang, Ching-Ying; Yang, Chang-Syun; Lin, Cheng-Wen; Chang, Yuan-Shiun

    2014-07-04

    Elaeagnus oldhamii Maxim. is a commonly used traditional herbal medicine. In Taiwan the leaves of E. oldhamii Maxim. are mainly used for treating lung disorders. Twenty five compounds were isolated from the leaves of E. oldhamii Maxim. in the present study. These included oleanolic acid (1), 3-O-(Z)-coumaroyl oleanolic acid (2), 3-O-(E)-coumaroyl oleanolic acid (3), 3-O-caffeoyl oleanolic acid (4), ursolic acid (5), 3-O-(Z)-coumaroyl ursolic acid (6), 3-O-(E)-coumaroyl ursolic acid (7), 3-O-caffeoyl ursolic acid (8), 3β, 13β-dihydroxyolean-11-en-28-oic acid (9), 3β, 13β-dihydroxyurs-11-en-28-oic acid (10), uvaol (11), betulin (12), lupeol (13), kaempferol (14), aromadendrin (15), epigallocatechin (16), cis-tiliroside (17), trans-tiliroside (18), isoamericanol B (19), trans-p-coumaric acid (20), protocatechuic acid (21), salicylic acid (22), trans-ferulic acid (23), syringic acid (24) and 3-O-methylgallic acid (25). Of the 25 isolated compounds, 21 compounds were identified for the first time in E. oldhamii Maxim. These included compounds 1, 4, 5 and 8-25. These 25 compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory activity against the growth of non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells by the MTT assay, and the corresponding structure-activity relationships were discussed. Among these 25 compounds, compound 6 displayed the best activity against the A549 cell line in vitro (CC50=8.56±0.57 μg/mL, at 48 h of MTT asssay). Furthermore, compound 2, 4, 8 and 18 exhibited in vitro cytotoxicity against the A549 cell line with the CC50 values of less than 20 μg/mL at 48 h of MTT asssay. These five compounds 2, 4, 6, 8 and 18 exhibited better cytotoxic activity compared with cisplatin (positive control, CC50 value of 14.87±1.94 μg/mL, at 48 h of MTT asssay). The result suggested that the five compounds might be responsible for its clinical anti-lung cancer effect.

  11. Studies on Cytotoxic Constituents from the Leaves of Elaeagnus oldhamii Maxim. in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer A549 Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chi-Ren Liao

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Elaeagnus oldhamii Maxim. is a commonly used traditional herbal medicine. In Taiwan the leaves of E. oldhamii Maxim. are mainly used for treating lung disorders. Twenty five compounds were isolated from the leaves of E. oldhamii Maxim. in the present study. These included oleanolic acid (1, 3-O-(Z-coumaroyl oleanolic acid (2, 3-O-(E-coumaroyl oleanolic acid (3, 3-O-caffeoyl oleanolic acid (4, ursolic acid (5, 3-O-(Z-coumaroyl ursolic acid (6, 3-O-(E-coumaroyl ursolic acid (7, 3-O-caffeoyl ursolic acid (8, 3β, 13β-dihydroxyolean-11-en-28-oic acid (9, 3β, 13β-dihydroxyurs-11-en-28-oic acid (10, uvaol (11, betulin (12, lupeol (13, kaempferol (14, aromadendrin (15, epigallocatechin (16, cis-tiliroside (17, trans-tiliroside (18, isoamericanol B (19, trans-p-coumaric acid (20, protocatechuic acid (21, salicylic acid (22, trans-ferulic acid (23, syringic acid (24 and 3-O-methylgallic acid (25. Of the 25 isolated compounds, 21 compounds were identified for the first time in E. oldhamii Maxim. These included compounds 1, 4, 5 and 8–25. These 25 compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory activity against the growth of non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells by the MTT assay, and the corresponding structure-activity relationships were discussed. Among these 25 compounds, compound 6 displayed the best activity against the A549 cell line in vitro (CC50 = 8.56 ± 0.57 μg/mL, at 48 h of MTT asssay. Furthermore, compound 2, 4, 8 and 18 exhibited in vitro cytotoxicity against the A549 cell line with the CC50 values of less than 20 μg/mL at 48 h of MTT asssay. These five compounds 2, 4, 6, 8 and 18 exhibited better cytotoxic activity compared with cisplatin (positive control, CC50 value of 14.87 ± 1.94 μg/mL, at 48 h of MTT asssay. The result suggested that the five compounds might be responsible for its clinical anti-lung cancer effect.

  12. Shikonin Induces Apoptosis, Necrosis, and Premature Senescence of Human A549 Lung Cancer Cells through Upregulation of p53 Expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yueh-Chiao Yeh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Shikonin, a natural naphthoquinone pigment isolated from Lithospermum erythrorhizon, has been reported to suppress growth of various cancer cells. This study was aimed to investigate whether this chemical could also inhibit cell growth of lung cancer cells and, if so, works via what molecular mechanism. To fulfill this, A549 lung cancer cells were treated with shikonin and then subjected to microscopic, biochemical, flow cytometric, and molecular analyses. Compared with the controls, shikonin significantly induced cell apoptosis and reduced proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. Specially, lower concentrations of shikonin (1–2.5 μg/mL cause viability reduction; apoptosis and cellular senescence induction is associated with upregulated expressions of cell cycle- and apoptotic signaling-regulatory proteins, while higher concentrations (5–10 μg/mL precipitate both apoptosis and necrosis. Treatment of cells with pifithrin-α, a specific inhibitor of p53, suppressed shikonin-induced apoptosis and premature senescence, suggesting the role of p53 in mediating the actions of shikonin on regulation of lung cancer cell proliferation. These results indicate the potential and dose-related cytotoxic actions of shikonin on A549 lung cancer cells via p53-mediated cell fate pathways and raise shikonin a promising adjuvant chemotherapeutic agent for treatment of lung cancer in clinical practice.

  13. Predicting the clonogenic survival of A549 cells after modulated x-ray irradiation using the linear quadratic model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bromley, Regina; Oliver, Lyn [Northern Sydney Cancer Centre, Radiation Oncology, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, NSW 2065 (Australia); Davey, Ross; Harvie, Rozelle [Department of Medical Oncology, Bill Walsh Cancer Research Laboratories, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, NSW 2065 (Australia); Baldock, Clive [Institute of Medical Physics, School of Physics, Sydney University, NSW 2006 (Australia)

    2009-01-21

    In this study we present two prediction methods, mean dose and summed dose, for predicting the number of A549 cells that will survive after modulated x-ray irradiation. The prediction methods incorporate the dose profile from the modulated x-ray fluence map applied across the cell sample and the linear quadratic (LQ) model. We investigated the clonogenic survival of A549 cells when irradiated using two different modulated x-ray fluence maps. Differences between the measured and predicted surviving fraction were observed for modulated x-ray irradiation. When the x-ray fluence map produced a steep dose gradient across the sample, fewer cells survived in the unirradiated region than expected. When the x-ray fluence map produced a less steep dose gradient across the sample, more cells survived in the unirradiated region than expected. Regardless of the steepness of the dose gradient, more cells survived in the irradiated region than expected for the reference dose range of 1-10 Gy. The change in the cell survival for the unirradiated regions of the two different dose gradients may be an important factor to consider when predicting the number of cells that will survive at the edge of modulated x-ray fields. This investigation provides an improved method of predicting cell survival for modulated x-ray radiation treatment. It highlights the limitations of the LQ model, particularly in its ability to describe the biological response of cells irradiated under these conditions.

  14. Predicting the clonogenic survival of A549 cells after modulated x-ray irradiation using the linear quadratic model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bromley, Regina; Oliver, Lyn; Davey, Ross; Harvie, Rozelle; Baldock, Clive

    2009-01-01

    In this study we present two prediction methods, mean dose and summed dose, for predicting the number of A549 cells that will survive after modulated x-ray irradiation. The prediction methods incorporate the dose profile from the modulated x-ray fluence map applied across the cell sample and the linear quadratic (LQ) model. We investigated the clonogenic survival of A549 cells when irradiated using two different modulated x-ray fluence maps. Differences between the measured and predicted surviving fraction were observed for modulated x-ray irradiation. When the x-ray fluence map produced a steep dose gradient across the sample, fewer cells survived in the unirradiated region than expected. When the x-ray fluence map produced a less steep dose gradient across the sample, more cells survived in the unirradiated region than expected. Regardless of the steepness of the dose gradient, more cells survived in the irradiated region than expected for the reference dose range of 1-10 Gy. The change in the cell survival for the unirradiated regions of the two different dose gradients may be an important factor to consider when predicting the number of cells that will survive at the edge of modulated x-ray fields. This investigation provides an improved method of predicting cell survival for modulated x-ray radiation treatment. It highlights the limitations of the LQ model, particularly in its ability to describe the biological response of cells irradiated under these conditions.

  15. Investigation of radiation-induced transcriptome profile of radioresistant non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells using RNA-seq.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hee Jung Yang

    Full Text Available Radioresistance is a main impediment to effective radiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC. Despite several experimental and clinical studies of resistance to radiation, the precise mechanism of radioresistance in NSCLC cells and tissues still remains unclear. This result could be explained by limitation of previous researches such as a partial understanding of the cellular radioresistance mechanism at a single molecule level. In this study, we aimed to investigate extensive radiation responses in radioresistant NSCLC cells and to identify radioresistance-associating factors. For the first time, using RNA-seq, a massive sequencing-based approach, we examined whole-transcriptome alteration in radioresistant NSCLC A549 cells under irradiation, and verified significant radiation-altered genes and their chromosome distribution patterns. Also, bioinformatic approaches (GO analysis and IPA were performed to characterize the radiation responses in radioresistant A549 cells. We found that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT, migration and inflammatory processes could be meaningfully related to regulation of radiation responses in radioresistant A549 cells. Based on the results of bioinformatic analysis for the radiation-induced transcriptome alteration, we selected seven significant radiation-altered genes (SESN2, FN1, TRAF4, CDKN1A, COX-2, DDB2 and FDXR and then compared radiation effects in two types of NSCLC cells with different radiosensitivity (radioresistant A549 cells and radiosensitive NCI-H460 cells. Interestingly, under irradiation, COX-2 showed the most significant difference in mRNA and protein expression between A549 and NCI-H460 cells. IR-induced increase of COX-2 expression was appeared only in radioresistant A549 cells. Collectively, we suggest that COX-2 (also known as prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2 could have possibility as a putative biomarker for radioresistance in NSCLC cells.

  16. Exploration on Anti-Multidrug-Resistant Molecular Mechanisms of Salvicine and Characterization of Salvicine-Resistant A549/SAL Cell Line%沙尔威辛抗肿瘤多药耐药分子机制及耐药特性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪泽鸿; 丁健

    2004-01-01

    Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major clinical problem in treating human cancers with conventional chemotherapeutic drugs. This study demonstrated that salvicine, a novel antitumor compound under clinical trial, exerted direct cytotoxicity against MDR tumor cells and down-regulated mdr-1/P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression simultaneously. Salvicine effectively killed MDR sublines, such as K562/A02, KB/VCR and MCF-7/ADR, and parental K562, KB, and MCF-7 cell lines to an equivalent degree. Its cytotoxic activities were much more potent than those of several classical anticancer drugs. Salvicine induced the downregulation of mdr-1 gene and P-gp expression,while not affecting MRP and LRP expression. Anti-MDR mechanism exploration revealed that transcription factor c-Jun played a principal role in downregulation of mdr-1 expression and induction of apoptosis by salvicine. Levels of c-jun expression were enhanced by salvicine prior to reduction of mdr-1 expression in K562/A02 cells. Moreover, c-jun antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (AODs)prevented salvicine-stimulated enhancement of c-Jun protein and reduction of mdr-1 gene expression, but did not affect the increase in c-jun mRNA levels. Salvicine promoted phosphorylation of JNK kinase and c-Jun protein and enhanced DNA binding activity of transcription factor AP1. Additionally, c-jun AODs also inhibited salvicine-induced apoptosis and cytotoxicity. Finally, salvicine was further shown not to induce a tumor MDR phenotype. We established a salvicine-resistant tumor cell subline, A549/SAL, which displayed 8.91-fold resistance to salvicine and an average of 6. 70-fold resistance to the antimetabolites. The subline, however, was not resistant to alkylating agents,platinum compounds, and other naturally-derived antineoplastics.%肿瘤多药耐药(multidrug resistance,MDR)是临床化疗成功最为严重的障碍.首先阐明了新拓扑异构酶Ⅱ抑制剂沙尔威辛对MDR肿瘤细胞直接的细胞毒性作用及下调mdr-1

  17. β-Elemonic acid inhibits the cell proliferation of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells: The role of MAPK, ROS activation and glutathione depletion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Tsu-Tuan; Lu, Chien-Lin; Lin, Hen-I; Chen, Bing-Fang; Jow, Guey-Mei

    2016-01-01

    β-elemonic acid, a known triterpene, exhibits anti-inflammatory effects, yet research on the pharmacological effects of β-elemonic acid is rare. We investigated the anticancer effects and the related molecular mechanisms of β-elemonic acid on human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells. The effects of β-elemonic acid on the growth of A549 cells were studied using a 3-(4,5)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Apoptosis was detected using Annexin V staining. The effect of β-elemonic acid on the cell cycle of A549 cells was assessed using the propidium iodide method. The change in reactive oxygen species (ROS) was detected using a dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay with microscopic examination. The expression levels of Bcl-2 family proteins, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family proteins and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) were detected using western blot analysis. Our data revealed that β-elemonic acid strongly induced human A549 lung cancer cell death in a dose- and time-dependent manner as determined by the MTT assay. β-elemonic acid-induced cell death was considered to be apoptotic when the phosphatidylserine exposure was observed using Annexin V staining. The death of human A549 lung cancer cells was caused by apoptosis induced by activation of ROS activity, increase in the sub-G1 proportion, downregulation of Bcl-2 expression, upregulation of Bax expression and inhibition of the MAPK signaling pathways. These results clearly demonstrated that β-elemonic acid inhibits proliferation by inducing hypoploid cells and cell apoptosis. Moreover, the anticancer effects of β-elemonic acid were related to the MAPK signaling pathway, ROS activation and glutathione depletion in human A549 lung cancer cells.

  18. Apigenin inhibits PMA-induced expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and AP-1 factors in A549 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patil, Rajeshwari H; Babu, R L; Naveen Kumar, M; Kiran Kumar, K M; Hegde, Shubha M; Ramesh, Govindarajan T; Chidananda Sharma, S

    2015-05-01

    Acute and chronic alveolar or bronchial inflammation is thought to be central to the pathogenesis of many respiratory disorders. Cytokines and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factors (GM-CSF) play an important role in chronic inflammation. Activator protein-1 (AP-1) the superfamily of transcription factors is involved in proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and transformation including inflammation. Understanding the function and regulation of proinflammatory factors involved in inflammation may provide the novel therapeutic strategies in the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Our aim of the present study is to investigate the pro-inflammatory cytokines and pattern of AP-1 factors expressed during activation of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells by Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) and to understand the anti-inflammatory effect of apigenin. A549 cells were treated with and without PMA or apigenin, and the cell viability was assessed by MTT assay. Expressions of inflammatory mediators and different AP-1 factors were analyzed by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. IL-6 protein secreted was analyzed by ELISA, and expressions of IL-1β, c-Jun, and c-Fos proteins were analyzed by Western blotting. Activation of A549 cells by PMA, induced the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokine (IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α) mRNAs and secretion of IL-6 and the expression of specific AP-1 factors (c-Jun, c-Fos, and Fra-1). Treatment of cells with apigenin, significantly inhibited PMA-stimulated mRNA expression of above pro-inflammatory cytokines, AP-1 factors, cyclooxygenase-2, and secretion of IL-6 protein. Results suggested that the AP-1 factors may be involved in inflammation and apigenin has anti-inflammatory effect, which may be useful for therapeutic management of lung inflammatory diseases. PMID:25666088

  19. Enhancement of radiosensitivity by topoisomerase II inhibitor, amrubicin and amrubicinol, in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and kinetics of apoptosis and necrosis induction

    OpenAIRE

    Hayashi, Sachiko; Hatashita, Masanori; Matsumoto, Hideki; Shioura, Hiroki; KITAI, Ryuhei; Kano, Eiichi

    2006-01-01

    The effects of amrubicin (AMR) and its activemetabolite, amrubicinol (AMROH), on the sensitivity ofhuman lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells to ionizing radiationwere investigated in vitro. Further, the kinetics of apoptosisand necrosis induction were also analyzed. The cytocidalefftcts of X-ray irradiation on A549 cells resulted in a lowlevel of radiosensitivity with a D value of 12 Gy. The slopesof the survival curves in the exponential phase were plottedon semilogarithmic paper for radiation co...

  20. Effect of RNAi targeting survivin gene combined with X-rays radiation on apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To construct the vector of RNA interference (RNAi) targeting survivin gene and observe its effect combined with X-rays radiation on lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell apoptosis. Methods: One pair of RNAi sequence targeting survivin gene were designed according to its cDNA sequence reported in GenBank, the recombinant RNAi plasmid pGenesil2-survivin was constructed. After identified by enzyme digestion and sequencing, the pGenesil2-survivin plasmid was trasfeced into A549 cells.In the experiment, normal group,pGenesil2 group, pGenesil2-survivin group,5 Gy irradiation group and pGenesil2-survivin + 5 Gy irradiation group were set up.The apoptosis of A549 cells was measured by flow cytometry with PI/Annexin V and TUNEL,the survivin and caspase-3 expressions were measured by Western blotting. Results: Two fragments about 389 bp and 4 206 bp were gotten by Kpn I and EcoR I enzyme digestion, they are the same to expected result, the sequencing result was compared to oligonucleotide chain with DNAssist 2.0, they were equal, these indicated the identification of pGenesil2-survivin vector was right; pGenesil2-survivin was transfected into A549 cells for 48 h, the apoptotic percentage in pGenesil2-survivin and 5 Gy X-rays groups increased obviously (P< 0.05), when the both were combined, the effect was more obvious;the Western blotting results appeared that the survivin gray scale/β-actin gray scale in pGenesil2-survivin group was lower than that in normal group(P< 0.01), and the caspase-3 gray scale/β-actin gray scale was higher than that in normal group,and that ratio in pGenesil2-survivin+5 Gy irradiation group was more high(P< 0.01). Conclusion: RNAi targeting surviving gene could inhibit survivin protein expression,but enhance caspase-3 protein expression, and promote apoptosis. When it is combined with 5 Gy X-rays irradiation, the promotion of apoptosis is enhanced. (authors)

  1. Upregulation of Id3 inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in A549/DDP human lung cancer cells in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Fangfang; Zhao, Qinfei; Wang, Shuxia; Wang, Haiyong; Li, Xiaojun

    2016-07-01

    Inhibitor of DNA binding (Id)3 is a member of the Id multigene family of dominant‑negative helix‑loop-helix transcription factors, which function as oncogenes or tumor suppressors in human cancers. Its upregulation was recently shown to have inhibitory effects on lung cancer, which is the leading cause of cancer‑associated mortality worldwide. As drug resistance represents a major bottleneck of cancer therapy, the present study assessed the ability of Id3 to inhibit cisplatin‑resistant A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549/DDP). A549/DPP cells were transiently transfected with enhanced green fluorescence protein overexpression plasmid (pEGFP) or Id3 overexpression plasmid (Id3/pEGFP), which was confirmed by confocal fluorescence microscopy, PCR and western blot analysis. The effects of Id3 on the viability and apoptosis of A549/DDP were determined using an MTT assay, fluorescence microscopy with Hoechst 33258 staining and flow cytometry following Annexin V/propidium iodide double staining. The results revealed that overexpression of Id3 significantly inhibited the proliferation and viability of A549/DDP cells in a time‑dependent manner. Furthermore, overexpression of Id3 significantly increased the apoptotic rate of A549/DDP cells from 2.73 to 16.92%, confirming the implication of Id3 in the negative control of tumour growth. The results of the present study revealed that overexpression of Id3 may serve as a novel strategy for inhibiting cisplatin‑sensitive lung cancer. Further experiments will be performed to determine whether Id3 overexpression could enhance the sensitivity of lung cancer cells to DDP. PMID:27176047

  2. Proteomic analysis of cellular response induced by multi-walled carbon nanotubes exposure in A549 cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Ju

    Full Text Available The wide application of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT has raised serious concerns about their safety on human health and the environment. However, the potential harmful effects of MWCNT remain unclear and contradictory. To clarify the potentially toxic effects of MWCNT and to elucidate the associated underlying mechanisms, the effects of MWCNT on human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells were examined at both the cellular and the protein level. Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity were examined, followed by a proteomic analysis (2-DE coupled with LC-MS/MS of the cellular response to MWCNT. Our results demonstrate that MWCNT induces cytotoxicity in A549 cells only at relatively high concentrations and longer exposure time. Within a relatively low dosage range (30 µg/ml and short time period (24 h, MWCNT treatment does not induce significant cytotoxicity, cell cycle changes, apoptosis, or DNA damage. However, at these low doses and times, MWCNT treatment causes significant changes in protein expression. A total of 106 proteins show altered expression at various time points and dosages, and of these, 52 proteins were further identified by MS. Identified proteins are involved in several cellular processes including proliferation, stress, and cellular skeleton organization. In particular, MWCNT treatment causes increases in actin expression. This increase has the potential to contribute to increased migration capacity and may be mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS.

  3. Oxidative Stress Facilitates IFN-γ-Induced Mimic Extracellular Trap Cell Death in A549 Lung Epithelial Cancer Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chiou-Feng; Chen, Chia-Ling; Chien, Shun-Yi; Tseng, Po-Chun; Wang, Yu-Chih; Tsai, Tsung-Ting

    2016-01-01

    We previously demonstrated that IFN-γ induces an autophagy-regulated mimic extracellular trap cell death (ETosis) in A549 human lung cancer cells. Regarding reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in ETosis, this study investigated the role of oxidative stress. After IFN-γ stimulation, a necrosis-like cell death mimic ETosis occurred accompanied by the inhibition of cell growth, aberrant nuclear staining, and nucleosome release. ROS were generated in a time-dependent manner with an increase in NADPH oxidase component protein expression. STAT1-mediated IFN regulatory factor-1 activation was essential for upregulating ROS production. By genetically silencing p47phox, IFN-γ-induced ROS and mimic ETosis were significantly attenuated. This mechanistic study indicated that ROS may mediate DNA damage followed by histone H3 citrullination. Furthermore, ROS promoted IFN-γ-induced mimic ETosis in cooperation with autophagy. These findings further demonstrate that ROS regulates IFN-γ-induced mimic ETosis in lung epithelial malignancy. PMID:27575372

  4. Radiosensitizing Effect of Schinifoline from Zanthoxylum schinifolium Sieb et Zucc on Human Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer A549 Cells: A Preliminary in Vitro Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Fang Wang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Schinifoline (SF, a 4-quinolinone derivative, was found in Zanthoxylum schinifolium for the first time. 4-Quinolinone moieties are thought to have cytotoxic activity and are often used as a tubulin polymerization inhibitors, heterogeneous enzyme inhibitors and antiplatelet agents. However, very little information respect to radiosensitization has focused on SF. This work aimed to investigate the radiosensitizing effect of SF on A549 cells. The cell viability results indicated cytotoxicity of SF on A549 cells, with IC50 values of 33.7 ± 2.4, 21.9 ± 1.9 and 16.8 ± 2.2 μg/mL, respectively, after 6, 12, 24 h treatment with different concentrations, and the 10% or 20% IC50 concentration during 12 h was applied in later experiments. The results of cell proliferative inhibition and clonogenic assay showed that SF enhanced the radiosensitivity of A549 cells when applied before 60Co γ-irradiation and this effect was mainly time and concentration dependent. The flow cytometric data indicated that SF treatment before the irradiation increased the G2/M phase, thus improving the radiosensitivity of A549, leading to cell apoptosis. This paper is the first study that describes the in vitro radiosensitising, cell cycle and apoptotic-inducing effects of schinifoline.

  5. Down-regulation of protein kinase Ceta by antisense oligonucleotides sensitises A549 lung cancer cells to vincristine and paclitaxel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonnemann, Jürgen; Gekeler, Volker; Ahlbrecht, Katrin; Brischwein, Klaus; Liu, Chao; Bader, Peter; Müller, Cornelia; Niethammer, Dietrich; Beck, James F

    2004-06-25

    Previous studies point to protein kinase C (PKC) isozyme eta as a resistance factor in cancer cells. Therefore, we investigated whether down-regulation of PKCeta with second generation antisense oligonucleotides (ODNs) would sensitise A549 human lung carcinoma cells to cytostatics. The effects were compared to the outcome of Bcl-xL down-regulation. Upon treatment with antisense ODNs, PKCeta and Bcl-xL were both significantly reduced on mRNA and protein level. Down-regulation of either PKCeta or Bcl-xL in combination with vincristine or paclitaxel resulted in a significant increase in caspase-3 activity compared to that in the control oligonucleotide treated cells. In addition, PKCeta down-regulation augmented vincristine-induced dissipation of mitochondrial transmembrane potential. In conclusion, these results confirm that PKCeta might represent a considerable resistance factor and an interesting target to improve anticancer chemotherapy. PMID:15159020

  6. The Effect of Vitamin A on Secretion of IFN-γ and IL-4 in A549 Cells Induced by Mycoplasma Pneumoniae

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaolan WU; Xianzhou LIU; Jilu TANG

    2008-01-01

    In order to investigate the effect of vitamin A (VA) on the secretion of IFN-γ and IL-4 in Mycoplasma Pneumoniae (MP)-induced A549 cells, A549 cells were co-cultured with MP for different time lengths and then the levels of IFN-γ and IL-4 in the cell culture supematants were detected before and after treatment with different concentrations of VA by using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results showed that the level of IFN-γ and IL-4 in the supernatants of MP-induced A549 cells was much higher than that in non-induced cells (P<0.01). After application of VA, IL-4 level was not increased until the concentration of VA was up to 0.5 × 10-5 mol/L (P<0.01).However, with concentration of VA increased up to 1 × 10-4 mol/L, IL-4 was significantly suppressed (P<0.01). It was concluded that MP could induce the secretion of IFN-y and IL-4 in A549 cells. VA could inhibit the secretion of IFN-γ, and increase the IL-4 level in MP-induced A549 cells. However,high concentration of VA had an inhibitory effect on the secretion of IL-4 as well as on the IFN-γ.These data provided a theoretical basis for the application of VA in MP pneumonia in the clinical practice.

  7. Biological effects of heavy ion and X-ray irradiation on lung cancer cells A549%重离子与X射线照射肺癌细胞A549的生物学效应比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨立娜; 冉俊涛; 张红; 刘圆圆; 孙超; 张秋宁; 王新宇; 王小虎

    2014-01-01

    Objective To compare the effects of carbon heavy ion and X-ray irradiation on survival fraction,cell cycle,cell apoptosis and expression of DNA-PKcs of A549 lung cancer cells.Methods A549 cells were irradiated by carbon heavy ion and X-ray.Cell survival fraction,cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed by clonogenic formation assay,flow cytometry and Hoechst 33258 staining,respectively.Real time-PCR was performed to detect the expressions of DNA-PKcs and H2AX mRNA.Results Lower cell survival fraction,more G2/M phase arrest and higher apoptosis rate were detected in the A549 cells exposed to carbon heavy ion than X-ray(t =4.77,14.53,14.54,P < 0.05).Expression of DNA-PKcs was up-regulated after irradiation to carbon heavy ion and X-ray(t =10.91,5.05,P < 0.05).Conclusions Both heavy ion and X-ray irradiations enhance the expression of DNA-PKcs,induce apoptosis through regulating cell cycle arrest,and hence reduce survival of A549 cells.Heavy ion irradiation shows more stronger biological effects than X-ray irradiation.%目的 比较碳重离子与X射线对肺癌细胞的生物学效应.方法 对A549细胞分别进行碳重离子和X射线照射,通过克隆形成实验检测照射后细胞存活情况;流式细胞术检测细胞周期分布;通过Hoechst 33258荧光染料对照射后固定的细胞进行染色,计算凋亡率;采用实时荧光定量PCR方法检测照射后48 h细胞内DNA依赖性蛋白激酶催化亚单位(DNA-PKcs)和H2AX的mRNA表达水平.结果 细胞存活曲线显示,碳重离子造成的细胞存活分数远低于X射线,并将细胞周期阻滞于G2/M期(t=4.77、14.53、14.54,P<0.05),导致大部分细胞进入凋亡途径.碳重离子与X射线辐照后DNA-PKcs的表达上调(t=10.91、5.05,P<0.05).结论 碳重离子照射对肺癌细胞造成生物学效应远高于X射线.

  8. Depletion of hepatoma-derived growth factor-related protein-3 induces apoptotic sensitization of radioresistant A549 cells via reactive oxygen species-dependent p53 activation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: •HRP-3 is a radiation- and anticancer drug-responsive protein in A549 cells. •Depletion of HRP-3 induces apoptosis of radio- and chemoresistant A549 cells. •Depletion of HRP-3 promotes ROS generation via inhibition of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. •Depletion of HRP-3 enhances ROS-dependent p53 activation and PUMA expression. -- Abstract: Biomarkers based on functional signaling have the potential to provide greater insight into the pathogenesis of cancer and may offer additional targets for anticancer therapeutics. Here, we identified hepatoma-derived growth factor-related protein-3 (HRP-3) as a radioresistance-related gene and characterized the molecular mechanism by which its encoded protein regulates the radio- and chemoresistant phenotype of lung cancer-derived A549 cells. Knockdown of HRP-3 promoted apoptosis of A549 cells and potentiated the apoptosis-inducing action of radio- and chemotherapy. This increase in apoptosis was associated with a substantial generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that was attributable to inhibition of the Nrf2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway and resulted in enhanced ROS-dependent p53 activation and p53-dependent expression of PUMA (p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis). Therefore, the HRP-3/Nrf2/HO-1/ROS/p53/PUMA cascade is an essential feature of the A549 cell phenotype and a potential radiotherapy target, extending the range of targets in multimodal therapies against lung cancer

  9. Depletion of hepatoma-derived growth factor-related protein-3 induces apoptotic sensitization of radioresistant A549 cells via reactive oxygen species-dependent p53 activation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Hong Shik; Hong, Eun-Hee [Division of Radiation Cancer Biology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Su-Jae [Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Baek, Jeong-Hwa [Division of Radiation Cancer Biology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Chang-Woo [Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Yim, Ji-Hye; Um, Hong-Duck [Division of Radiation Cancer Biology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Sang-Gu, E-mail: sgh63@kcch.re.kr [Division of Radiation Cancer Biology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 139-706 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-09-27

    Highlights: •HRP-3 is a radiation- and anticancer drug-responsive protein in A549 cells. •Depletion of HRP-3 induces apoptosis of radio- and chemoresistant A549 cells. •Depletion of HRP-3 promotes ROS generation via inhibition of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. •Depletion of HRP-3 enhances ROS-dependent p53 activation and PUMA expression. -- Abstract: Biomarkers based on functional signaling have the potential to provide greater insight into the pathogenesis of cancer and may offer additional targets for anticancer therapeutics. Here, we identified hepatoma-derived growth factor-related protein-3 (HRP-3) as a radioresistance-related gene and characterized the molecular mechanism by which its encoded protein regulates the radio- and chemoresistant phenotype of lung cancer-derived A549 cells. Knockdown of HRP-3 promoted apoptosis of A549 cells and potentiated the apoptosis-inducing action of radio- and chemotherapy. This increase in apoptosis was associated with a substantial generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that was attributable to inhibition of the Nrf2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway and resulted in enhanced ROS-dependent p53 activation and p53-dependent expression of PUMA (p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis). Therefore, the HRP-3/Nrf2/HO-1/ROS/p53/PUMA cascade is an essential feature of the A549 cell phenotype and a potential radiotherapy target, extending the range of targets in multimodal therapies against lung cancer.

  10. Responses of genes involved in cell cycle control to diverse DNA damaging chemicals in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gooderham Nigel J

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many anticancer agents and carcinogens are DNA damaging chemicals and exposure to such chemicals results in the deregulation of cell cycle progression. The molecular mechanisms of DNA damage-induced cell cycle alteration are not well understood. We have studied the effects of etoposide (an anticancer agent, cryptolepine (CLP, a cytotoxic alkaloid, benzo [a]pyrene (BaP, a carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP, a cooked-meat derived carcinogen on the expression of cell cycle regulatory genes to understand the molecular mechanisms of the cell cycle disturbance. Results A549 cells were treated with DMSO or chemicals for up to 72 h and periodically sampled for cell cycle analysis, mRNA and protein expression. DMSO treated cells showed a dominant G1 peak in cell cycle at all times examined. Etoposide and CLP both induced G2/M phase arrest yet the former altered the expression of genes functioning at multiple phases, whilst the latter was more effective in inhibiting the expression of genes in G2-M transition. Both etoposide and CLP induced an accumulation of p53 protein and upregulation of p53 transcriptional target genes. Neither BaP nor PhIP had substantial phase-specific cell cycle effect, however, they induced distinctive changes in gene expression. BaP upregulated the expression of CYP1B1 at 6–24 h and downregulated many cell cycle regulatory genes at 48–72 h. By contrast, PhIP increased the expression of many cell cycle regulatory genes. Changes in the expression of key mRNAs were confirmed at protein level. Conclusion Our experiments show that DNA damaging agents with different mechanisms of action induced distinctive changes in the expression pattern of a panel of cell cycle regulatory genes. We suggest that examining the genomic response to chemical exposure provides an exceptional opportunity to understand the molecular mechanism involved in cellular

  11. IFN-gamma Impairs Release of IL-8 by IL-1beta-stimulated A549 Lung Carcinoma Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pfeilschifter Josef

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Production of interferon (IFN-γ is key to efficient anti-tumor immunity. The present study was set out to investigate effects of IFNγ on the release of the potent pro-angiogenic mediator IL-8 by human A549 lung carcinoma cells. Methods A549 cells were cultured and stimulated with interleukin (IL-1β alone or in combination with IFNγ. IL-8 production by these cells was analyzed with enzyme linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA. mRNA-expression was analyzed by real-time PCR and RNase protection assay (RPA, respectively. Expression of inhibitor-κ Bα, cellular IL-8, and cyclooxygenase-2 was analyzed by Western blot analysis. Results Here we demonstrate that IFNγ efficiently reduced IL-8 secretion under the influence of IL-1β. Surprisingly, real-time PCR analysis and RPA revealed that the inhibitory effect of IFNγ on IL-8 was not associated with significant changes in mRNA levels. These observations concurred with lack of a modulatory activity of IFNγ on IL-1β-induced NF-κB activation as assessed by cellular IκB levels. Moreover, analysis of intracellular IL-8 suggests that IFNγ modulated IL-8 secretion by action on the posttranslational level. In contrast to IL-8, IL-1β-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression and release of IL-6 were not affected by IFNγ indicating that modulation of IL-1β action by this cytokine displays specificity. Conclusion Data presented herein agree with an angiostatic role of IFNγ as seen in rodent models of solid tumors and suggest that increasing T helper type 1 (Th1-like functions in lung cancer patients e.g. by local delivery of IFNγ may mediate therapeutic benefit via mechanisms that potentially include modulation of pro-angiogenic IL-8.

  12. Heat-modified citrus pectin induces apoptosis-like cell death and autophagy in HepG2 and A549 cancer cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lionel Leclere

    Full Text Available Cancer is still one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and finding new treatments remains a major challenge. Previous studies showed that modified forms of pectin, a complex polysaccharide present in the primary plant cell wall, possess anticancer properties. Nevertheless, the mechanism of action of modified pectin and the pathways involved are unclear. Here, we show that citrus pectin modified by heat treatment induced cell death in HepG2 and A549 cells. The induced cell death differs from classical apoptosis because no DNA cleavage was observed. In addition, Z-VAD-fmk, a pan-caspase inhibitor, did not influence the observed cell death in HepG2 cells but appeared to be partly protective in A549 cells, indicating that heat-modified citrus pectin might induce caspase-independent cell death. An increase in the abundance of the phosphatidylethanolamine-conjugated Light Chain 3 (LC3 protein and a decrease in p62 protein abundance were observed in both cell types when incubated in the presence of heat-modified citrus pectin. These results indicate the activation of autophagy. To our knowledge, this is the first time that autophagy has been revealed in cells incubated in the presence of a modified form of pectin. This autophagy activation appears to be protective, at least for A549 cells, because its inhibition with 3-methyladenine increased the observed modified pectin-induced cytotoxicity. This study confirms the potential of modified pectin to improve chemotherapeutic cancer treatments.

  13. β-Escin sodium inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase expression via downregulation of the JAK/STAT pathway in A549 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Deng Bo; Xu, Bo; Liu, Jing Tao; Ran, Fu Xiang; Cui, Jing Rong

    2011-12-01

    β-escin, a triterpene saponin, is one of the major active compounds extracted from horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) seed. Previous work has found that β-escin sodium has antiinflammatory and antitumor effects. In the present study, we investigated its effect on cell proliferation and inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in human lung carcinoma A549 cells. β-escin sodium (5-40 µg/mL) inhibited cytokine mixture (CM)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in A549 cells by reducing the expression of iNOS. β-escin sodium suppressed phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of STAT1 (Tyr701) and STAT3 (Tyr705) induced by CM but did not affect the activation of c-Jun and NF-κB. β-escin sodium inhibited the activation of protein tyrosine kinase JAK2. Pervanadate treatment reversed the β-escin sodium-induced downregulation of STAT3 and STAT1. β-escin sodium treatment enhanced an activating phosphorylation of the phosphatase SHP2. Small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of SHP2 inhibited β-escin sodium-induced phospho-STAT dephosphorylation. Moreover β-escin sodium reduced the activation of p38 MAPK. Finally, β-escin sodium inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells, did not change the cell membrane's permeability, nuclear morphology and size and the mitochondria's transmembrane potential of A549 cells. Taken together, these results demonstrate that β-escin sodium could downregulate iNOS expression through inhibiting JAK/STAT signaling and p38 MAPK activation in A549 cells. β-escin sodium has a marked antiproliferative effect on A549 cells at least in part by inhibiting the JAK/STAT signaling pathway, but not by a cytotoxic effect. β-escin sodium would be useful as a chemopreventive agent or a therapeutic against inflammatory-associated tumor. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:21400616

  14. Cellular responses of A549 alveolar epithelial cells to serially collected Pseudomonas aeruginosa from cystic fibrosis patients at different stages of pulmonary infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hawdon, Nicole A; Aval, Pouya Sadeghi; Barnes, Rebecca J;

    2010-01-01

    . Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from the early stages of the infection exhibited high adherence to A549 cells, were readily internalized, and able to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, apoptosis of infected cells, and the release of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Late P....... aeruginosa isolates collected from patients with chronic lung infection were shown to have reduced adherence to and internalization into A549 cells compared with bacteria from patients with intermittent P. aeruginosa colonization, and induced lower production of ROS and apoptosis, but caused high...

  15. Mimulone-Induced Autophagy through p53-Mediated AMPK/mTOR Pathway Increases Caspase-Mediated Apoptotic Cell Death in A549 Human Lung Cancer Cells

    OpenAIRE

    An, Hyun-Kyu; Kim, Kyoung-Sook; Lee, Ji-Won; Park, Mi-Hyun; Moon, Hyung-In; Park, Shin-Ji; Baik, Ji-Sue; Kim, Cheorl-Ho; Lee, Young-Choon

    2014-01-01

    Anticancer properties and mechanisms of mimulone (MML), C-geranylflavonoid isolated from the Paulownia tomentosa fruits, were firstly elucidated in this study. MML prevented cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent way and triggered apoptosis through the extrinsic pathway in A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Furthermore, MML-treated cells displayed autophagic features, such as the formation of autophagic vacuoles, a primary morphological feature of autophagy, and the accumulation ...

  16. 淫羊藿苷逆转耐甲氨蝶呤肺癌A549细胞转移表型%Icariin reversed metastatic phenotype of methotrexate-resistant lung cancer A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴剑锋; 何晓东; 许卫东; 李道静; 孙利; 沈佐君

    2009-01-01

    目的:研究中药淫羊藿苷(icariin,ICA)作用甲氨蝶呤(methotrexate,MTX)耐药肺癌A549细胞后对细胞转移表型的影响,初步探讨ICA逆转A549/MTX耐药细胞转移表型的作用机制及对肺癌的治疗价值.方法:采用MTT法检测ICA对A549/MTX耐药细胞的半数抑制浓度(half inhibition concentration,IC_(50)).采用双层软琼脂克隆形成实验检测A549/MTX 组和A549/MTX+ICA组细胞的克隆形成率,并观察其集落形态.细胞划痕实验检测A549/MTX组和A549/MTX+ICA组细胞的迁移能力.Transwell小室实验检测细胞侵袭能力的变化.结果:MTT结果显示,无毒剂量的ICA与MTX联合应用后A549/MTX细胞的IC_(50)值为35.50±1.85 μmol/L,比单独应用MTX(同等剂量)后A549/MTX细胞的IC50值(52.17±2.25 μmol/L)有了一定程度的下降.软琼脂实验发现,A549/MTX+ICA组细胞克隆形成率为0.94±0.09,小于A549/MTX组细胞的1.56±1.07(P<0.05).划痕实验显示,72 h后A549/MTX组细胞的迁移能力大于A549/MTX+ICA组细胞(P<0.05).Transwell实验显示,A549/MTX组细胞的穿膜细胞数明显多于A549/MTX+ICA组细胞(P<0.05),说明A549/MTX+ICA组细胞的侵袭浸润能力小于A549/MTX组细胞.结论:中药ICA具有逆转A549/MTX耐药细胞转移表型的作用.

  17. The role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production on diallyl disulfide (DADS) induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in human A549 lung carcinoma cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu Xinjiang [Institute of Indoor and Environmental Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Aulweg 123, D-35385 Giessen (Germany); Kassie, Fekadu [Institute of Indoor and Environmental Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Aulweg 123, D-35385 Giessen (Germany); Mersch-Sundermann, Volker [Institute of Indoor and Environmental Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Aulweg 123, D-35385 Giessen (Germany)]. E-mail: Volker.mersch-sundermann@uniklinikum-giessen.de

    2005-11-11

    Diallyl disulfide (DADS), an oil soluble constituent of garlic (Allium sativum), has been reported to cause antimutagentic and anticarcinogenic effects in vitro and in vivo by modulating phases I and II enzyme activities. In recent years, several studies suggested that the chemopreventive effects of DADS can also be attributed to induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in cancer cells. In the present study, we reported that DADS-induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M and apoptosis in human A549 lung cancer cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Additionally, a significant increase of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was induced in A549 cells less than 0.5 h after DADS treatment, indicating that ROS may be an early event in DADS-modulated apoptosis. Treatment of A549 cells with N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) completely abrogated DADS-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. The result indicated that oxidative stress modulates cell proliferation and cell death induced by DADS.

  18. The role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production on diallyl disulfide (DADS) induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in human A549 lung carcinoma cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diallyl disulfide (DADS), an oil soluble constituent of garlic (Allium sativum), has been reported to cause antimutagentic and anticarcinogenic effects in vitro and in vivo by modulating phases I and II enzyme activities. In recent years, several studies suggested that the chemopreventive effects of DADS can also be attributed to induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in cancer cells. In the present study, we reported that DADS-induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M and apoptosis in human A549 lung cancer cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Additionally, a significant increase of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was induced in A549 cells less than 0.5 h after DADS treatment, indicating that ROS may be an early event in DADS-modulated apoptosis. Treatment of A549 cells with N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) completely abrogated DADS-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. The result indicated that oxidative stress modulates cell proliferation and cell death induced by DADS

  19. GRIM-19基因对肺腺癌耐药细胞株A549/DDP药物敏感性及相关基因表达的影响%Effects of GRlM-19 on chemotherapeutic sensitivity of cisplatin-resistant human lung cancer cell A549/DDP and the expressions of related genes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武道荣; 王同; 江子丰; 刘荣玉

    2012-01-01

    目的:本研究旨在探讨干扰素/维甲酸诱导凋亡相关基因19 (gene-associated with retinoid-interferon-induced mortality 19,GRIM-19)对人肺腺癌耐药细胞株A549/DDP化疗药物敏感度及相关基因表达的影响.方法:采用脂质体法将重组质粒PIRES-Puro2-GRIM-19-Myc和空载体PIRES-Puro2- Myc分别转染顺铂(cisplatin,DDP)耐药的人肺腺癌细胞株A549/DDP.蛋白免疫印迹法检测亲本A549、耐药A549/DDP、转染GRIM-19基因的A549/DDP及转染空载体的A549/DDP细胞中GRIM-19蛋白的表达.MTT法检测稳定转染GRIM-19基因后A549/DDP细胞对多种化疗药物敏感度的改变.实时荧光定量-PCR(real-time fluorescence quantitative-PCR,RFQ-PCR)法检测GRIM-19、信号转导子与转录激活子3(signal transducers and activators of transcription 3,STAT3)、血管内皮细胞生长因子(vascular endothelial growth factor,VEGF)和p-糖蛋白(P-glycoprotein,P-gp)mRNA在稳定转染GRIM-19基因后A549/DDP细胞中的表达情况.结果:蛋白质印迹法检测结果显示,A549/DDP细胞转染GRIM-19基因后GRIM-19蛋白的表达上调;A549/DDP细胞较亲本A549细胞对DDP的耐药指数为16.86±1.32;A549/DDP细胞转染GRIM-19基因后,较转染空载体组A549/DDP细胞耐药性降低,耐药逆转倍数为3.70±0.91.转染GRIM-19基因后,A549/DDP细胞中STAT3、P-gp和VEGF mRNA表达均下调.结论:GRIM-19能增强DDP耐药细胞A549/DDP对化疗药物的敏感度,这可能与下调STAT3、VEGF和P-gp的表达具有相关性,GRIM-19可能成为逆转A549/DDP细胞耐药性的一条有效途径.%Objective: To investigate the effects of gene-associated with retinoid-interferon-induced mortality 19 (GWM-19) on chemotherapeutic sensitivity of cisplatin (DDP)-resistant human lung caner cell A549/DDP and the expressions of related genes. Methods: The recombinant plasmid PIRES-Puro2-GRIM-19Myc and the empty vector PIRES-Puro2-Myc were transfected into A549/DDP cells by liposome transfection reagent

  20. Apoptosis-Inducing Activity of Marine Sponge Haliclona sp. Extracts Collected from Kosrae in Nonsmall Cell Lung Cancer A549 Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Woori Bae

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Although various anticancer drugs have been developed for the treatment of nonsmall cell lung cancer, chemotherapeutic efficacy is still limited. Natural products such as phytochemicals have been screened as novel alternative materials, but alternative funds such as marine bioresources remain largely untapped. Of these resources, marine sponges have undergone the most scrutiny for their biological activities, including antiinflammatory, antiviral, and anticancer properties. However, the biological mechanisms of the activities of these marine sponges are still unclear. We investigated the anticancer activity of marine sponges collected from Kosrae in Micronesia and examined their mechanisms of action using nonsmall cell lung cancer A549 cells as a model system. Of 20 specimens, the Haliclona sp. (KO1304-328 showed both dose- and time-dependent cytotoxicity. Further, methanol extracts of Haliclona sp. significantly inhibited cell proliferation and cell viability. A549 cells treated with Haliclona sp. demonstrated induced expression of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK, p53, p21, caspase-8, and caspase-3. The percentage of apoptotic cells significantly increased in A549 cultures treated with Haliclona sp. These results indicate that Haliclona sp. induces apoptosis via the JNK-p53 pathway and caspase-8, suggesting that this marine sponge is a good resource for the development of drugs for treatment of nonsmall cell lung cancer.

  1. The South Pacific epidemic strain of Zika virus replicates efficiently in human epithelial A549 cells leading to IFN-beta production and apoptosis induction

    OpenAIRE

    Frumence, E.; Roche, M.; Krejbich-Trotot, P.; El-Kalamouni, C.; Nativel, B.; Rondeau, P.; Missé, Dorothée; Gadea, G.; Viranaicken, W.; Desprès, P.

    2016-01-01

    Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging flavivirus since the first epidemics in South Pacific in 2007. The recent finding that ZIKV is now circulating in Western Hemisphere and can be associated to severe human diseases, warrants the need for its study. Here we evaluate the susceptibility of human lung epithelial A549 cells to South Pacific epidemic strain of ZIKV isolated in 2013. We showed that ZIKV growth in A549 cells is greatly efficient. ZIKV infection resulted in the secretion of IFN-beta fol...

  2. Nanostructured delivery system for zinc phthalocyanine: preparation, characterization, and phototoxicity study against human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana da Volta Soares

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Mariana da Volta Soares1, Mainara Rangel Oliveira1, Elisabete Pereira dos Santos1, Lycia de Brito Gitirana2, Gleyce Moreno Barbosa3, Carla Holandino Quaresma3, Eduardo Ricci-Júnior11Department of Medicines, Laboratório de Desenvolvimento Galênico (LADEG, Faculty of Pharmacy, 2Laboratory of Animal and Comparative Histology, Glycobiology Research Program, Institute of Biomedical Science, 3Department of Medicines, Laboratório Multidisciplinar de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, BrazilAbstract: In this study, zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc was loaded onto poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL nanoparticles (NPs using a solvent emulsification–evaporation method. The process yield and encapsulation efficiency were 74.2% ± 1.2% and 67.1% ± 0.9%, respectively. The NPs had a mean diameter of 187.4 ± 2.1 nm, narrow distribution size with a polydispersity index of 0.096 ± 0.004, zeta potential of -4.85 ± 0.21 mV, and spherical shape. ZnPc has sustained release, following Higuchi’s kinetics. The photobiological activity of the ZnPc-loaded NPs was evaluated on human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. Cells were incubated with free ZnPc or ZnPc-loaded NPs for 4 h and then washed with phosphate-buffered saline. Culture medium was added to the wells containing the cells. Finally, the cells were exposed to red light (660 nm with a light dose of 100 J/cm2. The cellular viability was determined after 24 h of incubation. ZnPc-loaded NPs and free photosensitizer eliminated about 95.9% ± 1.8% and 28.7% ± 2.2% of A549 cells, respectively. The phototoxicity was time dependent up to 4 h and concentration dependent at 0–5 µg ZnPc. The cells viability decreased with the increase of the light dose in the range of 10–100 J/cm2. Intense lysis was observed in the cells incubated with the ZnPc-loaded NPs and irradiated with red light. ZnPc-loaded PCL NPs are the release systems that promise photodynamic

  3. Levels of human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 are higher in proliferating regions of A549 tumor cells grown as tumor xenografts in vivo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    3’-Fluoro-3’-deoxythymidine (FLT) has been proposed for positron emission tomography (PET)-based identification of tumor chemosensitivity that is mediated by the human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (ENT1). ENT1 facilitates transport of FLT into cells and elevated levels of FLT are associated with both larger FLT-PET signals and increased response to nucleoside-based chemotherapies. FLT-PET is also used as a measure of tumor proliferation. The present study examined the extent to which ENT1 levels vary in a proliferation-dependent manner in tumor cells in vivo. Methods: The human adenocarcinoma cell line A549 was used to establish tumor xenografts in nude mice. FLT uptake was measured in vivo using PET, and further examined ex vivo using autoradiography. FLT uptake patterns were compared to immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis of ENT1 and the proliferation markers Ki67 and BrdU. Results: Regional differences in FLT uptake matched differences in IHC proliferation markers. All cells stained for ENT1, but the staining intensity was twice as high for Ki67+ cells than for Ki67− cells. Conclusions: Under in vivo conditions, proliferating regions of tumors show increased FLT uptake and higher ENT1 levels than nonproliferating tumor regions.

  4. Runx3 Expression Inhibits Proliferation and Distinctly Alters mRNA Expression of Bax in AGS and A549 Cancer Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torshabi, Maryam; Faramarzi, Mohammad Ali; Tabatabaei Yazdi, Mojtaba; Ostad, Seyyed Naser; Gharemani, Mohammad Hosein

    2011-01-01

    Runx3, a member of Runt-related transcription factor (Runx) proteins with tumor suppressor effect, is a tissue–restricted and cancer related transcription factor that regulate cell proliferation and growth, as well as differentiation. In the present study, exogenous Run3 was transiently expressed in AGS (human gastric adenocarcinoma), with undetectable Runx3 protein and in A549 (human lung carcinoma) with low levels of endogenous Runx3 protein. The GFP tagged Runx3 was transfected into AGS and A549 cells using fugene6 and PolyFect and Runx3 expression was confirmed by fluorescent microscopy and RT-PCR. The effect of Runx3 transfection on cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay and the results were confirmed by the trypan blue dye exclusion method. The effect of Runx3 expression on mRNA expression of BCL2-associated X protein (Bax) was evaluated using RT-PCR. In AGS and A549 cells, Runx3 expression inhibited cell proliferation (p < 0.01). The growth inhibition was less in A549 cells. We show that Runx3 expression increases Bax mRNA expression in AGS cells when compared with control (p < 0.05), but no significant differences in mRNA expression was observed in both examined cells. Runx3 expression has antiproliferative effect in AGS cell perhaps via increase in expression of Bax. The effect of Runx3 on A549 cells’ viability which has endogenous level of Runx3 is not related to Bax. These findings implicate a complex regulation by Runx3 in inhibition of cell proliferation utilizing Bax. PMID:24250365

  5. Histone deacetylase inhibitors stimulate the susceptibility of A549 cells to a plasma-activated medium treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, Tetsuo; Kano, Ayame; Nonomura, Saho; Kamiya, Tetsuro; Hara, Hirokazu

    2016-09-15

    The number of potential applications of non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma (NTAPP) discharges in medicine, particularly in cancer therapy, has increased in recent years. NTAPP has been shown to affect cells not only by direct irradiation, but also by an indirect treatment with previously prepared plasma-activated medium (PAM). Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have the potential to enhance susceptibility to anticancer drugs and radiation. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the advantage of the combined application of PAM and HDAC inhibitors on A549 cancer cell survival and elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Cell death with DNA breaks in the nucleus was greater using combined regimens of PAM and HDAC inhibitors such as trichostatin A (TSA) and valproic acid (VPA) than a single PAM treatment and was accompanied by the activation of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1), depletion of ATP, and elevations in intracellular calcium levels. Moreover, the expression of Rad 51, a DNA repair factor in homologous recombination pathways, was significantly suppressed by the treatment with HDAC inhibitors. These results demonstrate that HDAC inhibitors may synergistically induce the sensitivity of cancer cells to PAM components. PMID:27470189

  6. Study of simulated microgravity affecting antitumor response of mes-enchymal stem cells against A549 transplantation tumor%模拟微重力对骨髓间充质干细胞全细胞瘤苗干预A549移植瘤增殖的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静; 陈军; 李秀玉; 牛潞芳

    2016-01-01

    目的:比较骨髓间充质干细胞(MSCs)于不同重力环境下获得全细胞抗原(WCAs)对于人肺腺癌细胞株A549荷瘤的影响。方法全骨髓贴壁法原代培养小鼠MSCs,采用2D回转模式,以30 r/min水平回转模拟微重力(MMG)培养条件,并以正常重力(NG)为对照培养 MSCs;随后以15 Gy的 X线灭活 MSCs获取 WCAs,将BALB/c小鼠随机分成4组,实验组(MMG组)皮下接种WCAs为(1次/3 d,共2周);对照组分别为PBS组,NG组,A549组;各组均采用A549细胞系皮下移植荷瘤,观察4组小鼠肿瘤生长情况;测量肿瘤直径、计算肿瘤体积,并采用免疫组化法检测增殖细胞核抗原(PCNA)表达。结果肺腺癌A549细胞皮下移植使小鼠成功荷瘤, MMG可促进WCAs抑制移植瘤的生长。MMG组肿瘤体积显著小于PBS组与NG组(P<0.05);NG组及MMG组的肿瘤至第6天方见生长,MMG组移植瘤体积显著小于NG组(P<0.05)。同时,A459组的抑制作用最强;PBS组肿瘤最大;12 d对各组移植瘤称重,其中NG组为(458.7±21.6)g,MMG组为(315.6±18.5)g,MMG组的抑制作用显著高于NG组(P<0.05)。HRP标记染色提示MMG可增强WCAs的免疫刺激,使得PCNA表达下调(P<0.05)。结论采用MSCs获得WCAs进行免疫应激可产生抑制肿瘤生长作用,MMG可加强其抑瘤作用,能显著观察到PCNA表达下调,其内在的免疫分子机制有待深层次的探索。%Objective To estimate the whole cell antigens (WCAs) of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) cultured in dif-ferent gravity can generate different immune response against cancer in mice which induced by lung cancer cell line A549. Methods The MSCs was isolated and cultured adherent cells from marrow and a 2-dimensional clinostat (2D clinostat) was used to keep cells in continuous 2D rotation at a speed of 30 r/min around the horizontal axis, to mimc the microgravity (MMG), and the normal gravity (NG) was used as control. And then MSCs was to irradiate to X-ray (15 Gy) to get the WCAs. The

  7. Cyto- and genotoxicity assessment of Gold nanoparticles obtained by laser ablation in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bucchianico, Sebastiano Di [Karolinska Institutet, Institute of Environmental Medicine (Sweden); Migliore, Lucia [University of Pisa, Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, Division of Medical Genetics (Italy); Marsili, Paolo [Institute of Complex Systems (ISC-CNR) (Italy); Vergari, Chiara [Plasma Diagnostics and Technologies s.r.l. (Italy); Giammanco, Francesco [University of Pisa, Department of Physics “E. Fermi” (Italy); Giorgetti, Emilia, E-mail: emilia.giorgetti@fi.isc.cnr.it [Institute of Complex Systems (ISC-CNR) (Italy)

    2015-05-15

    Gold nanoparticles have attracted enormous interest in biomedical applications, based on their unique optical properties. However, their toxicity on human tissues is still an open issue. Beyond the potential intrinsic toxicity of nanostructured gold, a non-negligible contribution of stabilizers or reaction by-products related to current wet chemical synthesis procedures can be expected. Aimed at isolating gold contribution from that of any other contaminant, we produced colloidal suspensions of Gold nanoparticles having average size <10 nm in deionized water or acetone by pulsed laser ablation, that permits preparation of uncoated and highly stable Gold nanoparticles in pure solvents. Subsequently, we investigated the role of surface chemistry, size, and dispersivity of synthesized Gold nanoparticles in exerting toxicity in a cell model system of deep respiratory tract, representing the main route of exposure to NPs, namely adenocarcinoma epithelial A549 cells. Gold nanoparticles prepared in water showed no particular signs of cytotoxicity, cytostasis, and/or genotoxicity as assessed by MTT colorimetric viability test and Cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome assay up to concentrations of the order of 5 μg/mL. In contrast, Gold nanoparticles produced in pure acetone and then transferred into deionized water showed impaired cell viability, apoptosis responses, micronuclei, and dicentric chromosomes induction as well as nuclear budding, as a function of the amount of surface contaminants like amorphous carbon and enolate ions.

  8. Cyto- and genotoxicity assessment of Gold nanoparticles obtained by laser ablation in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gold nanoparticles have attracted enormous interest in biomedical applications, based on their unique optical properties. However, their toxicity on human tissues is still an open issue. Beyond the potential intrinsic toxicity of nanostructured gold, a non-negligible contribution of stabilizers or reaction by-products related to current wet chemical synthesis procedures can be expected. Aimed at isolating gold contribution from that of any other contaminant, we produced colloidal suspensions of Gold nanoparticles having average size <10 nm in deionized water or acetone by pulsed laser ablation, that permits preparation of uncoated and highly stable Gold nanoparticles in pure solvents. Subsequently, we investigated the role of surface chemistry, size, and dispersivity of synthesized Gold nanoparticles in exerting toxicity in a cell model system of deep respiratory tract, representing the main route of exposure to NPs, namely adenocarcinoma epithelial A549 cells. Gold nanoparticles prepared in water showed no particular signs of cytotoxicity, cytostasis, and/or genotoxicity as assessed by MTT colorimetric viability test and Cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome assay up to concentrations of the order of 5 μg/mL. In contrast, Gold nanoparticles produced in pure acetone and then transferred into deionized water showed impaired cell viability, apoptosis responses, micronuclei, and dicentric chromosomes induction as well as nuclear budding, as a function of the amount of surface contaminants like amorphous carbon and enolate ions

  9. Influence of Tamoxifen or the combination of Tamoxifen and Cisplatin on the growth of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuxuan Che; Xiuhua Sun; Chaomei Huang; Jinbo Zhao 

    2014-01-01

    Objective:The experiment aims to investigate the influence of Tamoxifen and the combination of Tamoxifen and Cisplatin (DDP) on the growth of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cel s. Methods:We treated human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cel s with dif erent concentrations of Tamoxifen, DDP and combination of DDP and Tamoxifen with non-toxicity for 72 h. Then we calculated the inhibition rate through MTT approach and detected the apoptosis rate by flow cytometry. The statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 13.0 software and statistical dif erences were determined by one-way ANOVA. The data were expressed as the mean ± standard deviation and al experiments were performed in three times. The value of P0.05). 2. As the increase concentration of Tamoxifen, the S stage and G2/M of the A549 cel s decreased while the G0/G1 increased. The apoptosis rate of Tamoxifen with 0 µmol/L, 0.1 µmol/L, 1 µmol/L and 10 µmol/L on the A549 cel s were 6.51%, 8.91%, 17.97%and 42.7%, respectively. 3. The inhibition rates of combination of Tamoxifen with 1 µmol/L and DDP with 1.25 µg/mL, 2.5 µg/mL, 5 µg/mL, 10 µg/mL and 20 µg/mL on the A549 cel s were 40.4%, 54.4%, 72.9%, 86.1%and 92.4%, respectively (P<0.05). Conclusion:Tamoxifen can inhibit the proliferation of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cel s and induce the apoptosis of the A549 cel s. The combination of Tamoxifen with non-toxicity and DDP can improve the sensitivity of chemotherapy on the A549 cel s.

  10. 地塞米松诱导人肺腺癌A549细胞对紫杉醇耐药性及Bcl-xL基因表达的影响%Influence of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells induced by dexamethasone on the drug resistance of PTX and expression of Bcl-xL gene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康马飞; 李林凤

    2014-01-01

    Objective To observe the changes of the drug resistance of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and the expres-sion of mRNA and protein of Bcl-xL in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell after dexamethasone(DEX) pretreatment in dif-ferent concentrations and intervention with paclitaxel(PTX),and to explore the molecular mechanism of DEX-induced A549 cell to the drug resistance of PTX. Methods The cell viability rate of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells was determined by MTT assay after treatment of different concentrations of PTX,and to screen the half inhibitory concentration(IC50) of PTX. The cell viability rate of A549 cells which pretreated with different concentrations of DEX and different concentrations of PTX was determined by MTT assay,and the expression level of mRNA and protein of Bcl-xL in the A549 cells were determined by reverse transcriptase-poly merase chain reaction(RT-PCR) and Western blotting. Results After being pretreated with DEX in different concentrations, A549 cells were induced to resist to PTX,and the rate of resistance increased gradually with the increasing concentrations of DEX and the expression level of Bcl-xL gene and protein also increased gradually with the increasing of DEX concentrations. Conclu-sions DEX can induce resistance to PTX in lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells ,whose mechanism might be involved in increase of Bcl-xL gene(anti-apoptosis gene) in DEX-induced lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells.%目的:观察紫杉醇(PTX)干预不同浓度地塞米松(DEX)预处理人肺腺癌A549细胞后的耐药情况和Bcl-xL基因及蛋白表达变化,探讨DEX诱导A549细胞对PTX产生耐药的分子机制。方法采用四甲基偶氮唑蓝比色法(MTT法)测定不同浓度PTX作用于A549细胞后的细胞存活率,筛选出PTX的半数抑制浓度(IC50);用不同浓度DEX预处理A549细胞后,再给予不同浓度PTX作用于A549细胞,用MTT法测定细胞存活率,逆转录-聚合酶链反应和蛋白质印迹法

  11. Safrole oxide induces apoptosis by up-regulating Fas and FasL instead of integrin beta4 in A549 human lung cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, AiYing; Zhao, BaoXiang; Miao, JunYing; Yin, DeLing; Zhang, ShangLi

    2006-04-01

    Previously, we found that 3,4-(methylenedioxy)-1-(2',3'-epoxypropyl)-benzene (safrole oxide) induced a typical apoptosis in A549 human lung cancer cells by activating caspase-3, -8, and -9. In this study, we further investigated which upstream pathways were activated by safrole oxide during the apoptosis. Immunofluorescence assay combined with laser scanning confocal microscopy revealed that both Fas and Fas ligand (FasL) were up-regulated by the small molecule. In addition, Fas protein distribution was altered, showing a clustering distribution instead of a homogeneous one. Subsequently, Western blot analysis confirmed the up-regulations of Fas and its membrane-binding form of FasL (m-FasL), as well as P53 protein. Conversely, safrole oxide hardly affected integrin beta4 subunit expression or distribution, which was reflected from the data obtained by immunofluorescence assay combined with laser scanning confocal microscopy. The results suggested that Fas/FasL pathway might be involved in safrole oxide-induced apoptosis of A549 cells, while integrin beta4 might be irrelevant to the apoptosis. Nevertheless, we first found the strong expression of integrin beta4 in A549 cells. The study first suggested that safrole oxide might be used as a small molecular promoter of Fas/FasL pathway to elicit apoptosis in A549 cells, which would lay the foundation for us to insight into the new strategies for lung cancer therapy.

  12. TSA inhibits proliferation of human lung cancer cell A549 and its mechanism%TSA体外抑制人肺癌细胞系A549细胞增殖及机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔虎哲; 王申桐; 金铁峰; 周宪春; 元奎昌; 张松男

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨TSA对人肺癌细胞系A549的作用及其对上皮间质转化(EMT)的调控机制.方法 用MTT实验分析TSA体外抑制A549细胞的增殖能力;用划痕实验检测细胞的迁移;用Western blot法检测EMT相关marker蛋白的表达.结果 TSA对A549细胞的增殖具有明显的抑制作用(P<0.01),TSA通过EMT途径抑制A549细胞的侵袭与迁移.结论 TSA可体外抑制A549细胞,其部分机制是通过抑制EMT途径实现的.

  13. Modification of radio- and thermo-sensitivity by amrubicin or amrubicinol in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amrubicin (AMR) is a totally synthetic 9-aminoanthracyclin anticancer drug. It is considered that AMR is an inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase II as the case of another anthracyclin anticancer drug, adriamycin (ADM) (1), which has significant antitumor activity against a broad spectra of human malignancies. The antitumor activity of AMR was found superior to that of ADM in experimental therapeutic models of human tumor xenografts (nude mouse). AMR was converted in vivo to major metabolite, amrubicinol (AMROH), which was markedly more effective cytotoxic agent than the mother compound. In the clinical studies currently conducted on malignant lymphoma, non-small or small cell lung carcinoma, the activity of AMR was shown very promising. However, the interactive cytocidal effects of the combined treatment with AMR or AMROH and radiation or hyperthermia are under investigation. In the present study, we examined chemical modification of radio- and thermo-sensitivity by AMR or AMROH in cultured human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. Sublethal damage repair (SLDR) was inhibited by the pretreatment with AMR or AMROH followed by X-irradiation. This finding suggests the possibility of the combined treatment of AMR or AMROH and X-irradiation as clinical cancer therapy strategy, since the doses in the routine clinical radiotherapy is ranged with a sublethal dose of 2 Gy. We also found that SLDR was inhibited by the pretreatment with AMR or AMROH followed by hyperthermia. We will discuss about clinical adoption of the combined treatment with AMR or AMROH and radiation or hyperthermia

  14. Tamarind seed coat ameliorates fluoride induced cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis in A549 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ameeramja, Jaishabanu; Panneerselvam, Lakshmikanthan; Govindarajan, Vimal; Jeyachandran, Sivakamavalli; Baskaralingam, Vaseeharan; Perumal, Ekambaram

    2016-01-15

    Fluoride (F) is an environmental contaminant and industrial pollutant. Molecular mechanisms remain unclear in F induced pulmonary toxicity even after numerous studies. Tamarind fruits act as defluoridating agents, but no study was conducted in in vitro systems. Hence, we aimed to assess the ameliorative impact of the tamarind seed coat extract (TSCE) against F toxicity utilizing lung epithelial cells, A549. Cells were exposed to sodium fluoride (NaF-5 mM) alone and in combination with TSCE (750 ng/ml) or Vitamin C (positive control) for 24 h and analyzed for F content, intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)]i) level, oxidative stress, mitochondrial integrity and apoptotic markers. TSCE treatment prevented the F induced alterations in [Ca(2+)]i overload, F content, oxidant (reactive oxygen species generation, lipid peroxidation, protein carbonyl content and nitric oxide) and antioxidant (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione) parameters. Further, TSCE modulates F activated changes in mitochondrial membrane potential, permeability transition pore opening, cytochrome-C release, Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, caspase-3 and PARP-1 expressions. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that TSCE as a potential protective agent against F toxicity, which can be utilized as a neutraceutical.

  15. Ginger extract inhibits human telomerase reverse transcriptase and c-Myc expression in A549 lung cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuntiwechapikul, Wirote; Taka, Thanachai; Songsomboon, Chonnipa; Kaewtunjai, Navakoon; Imsumran, Arisa; Makonkawkeyoon, Luksana; Pompimon, Wilart; Lee, T Randall

    2010-12-01

    The rhizome of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) has been reputed to have many curative properties in traditional medicine, and recent publications have also shown that many agents in ginger possess anticancer properties. Here we show that the ethyl acetate fraction of ginger extract can inhibit the expression of the two prominent molecular targets of cancer, the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and c-Myc, in A549 lung cancer cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. The treated cells exhibited diminished telomerase activity because of reduced protein production rather than direct inhibition of telomerase. The reduction of hTERT expression coincided with the reduction of c-Myc expression, which is one of the hTERT transcription factors; thus, the reduction in hTERT expression might be due in part to the decrease of c-Myc. As both telomerase inhibition and Myc inhibition are cancer-specific targets for cancer therapy, ginger extract might prove to be beneficial as a complementary agent in cancer prevention and maintenance therapy. PMID:21091248

  16. Proteomic analysis of selective cytotoxic anticancer properties of flavonoids isolated from Citrus platymamma on A549 human lung cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagappan, Arulkumar; Venkatarame Gowda Saralamma, Venu; Hong, Gyeong Eun; Lee, Ho Jeong; Shin, Sung Chul; Kim, Eun Hee; Lee, Won Sup; Kim, Gon Sup

    2016-10-01

    Citrus platymamma Hort. ex Tanaka (Byungkyul in Korean) has been used in Korean folk medicine for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and cancer. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the anticancer properties of flavonoids isolated from C. platymamma (FCP) remains to be elucidated. Therefore, the present study attempted to identify the key proteins, which may be important in the anticancer effects of FCP on A549 cells using a proteomic approach. FCP showed a potent cytotoxic effect on the A549 human lung cancer cells, however, it had no effect on WI‑38 human fetal lung fibroblasts at the same concentrations. Furthermore, 15 differentially expressed protein spots (spot intensities ≥2‑fold change; Pcontrol (untreated) and FCP‑treated A549 cells. Finally, eight differentially expressed proteins, one of which was upregulated and seven of which were downregulated, were successfully identified using matrix‑assisted laser desorption/ionization time‑of‑flight/time‑of‑flight tandem mass spectrometry and peptide mass fingerprinting analysis. Specifically, proteins involved in signal transduction were significantly downregulated, including annexin A1 (ANXA1) and ANXA4, whereas 14‑3‑3ε was upregulated. Cytoskeletal proteins, including cofilin‑1 (CFL1), cytokeratin 8 (KRT8) and KRT79, and molecular chaperones/heat shock proteins, including endoplasmin, were downregulated. Proteins involved in protein metabolism, namely elongation factor Ts were also downregulated. Consistent with results of the proteome analysis, the immunoblotting results showed that 14‑3‑3ε was upregulated, whereas CFL1, ANXA4 and KRT8 were downregulated in the FCP‑treated A549 cells. The majority of the proteins were involved in tumor growth, cell cycle, apoptosis, migration and signal transduction. These findings provide novel insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying FCP-induced anticancer effects on A549 cells. PMID:27573346

  17. Effects of Alpha Particle and Proton Beam Irradiation as Putative Cross-Talk between A549 Cancer Cells and the Endothelial Cells in a Co-Culture System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Riquier

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: High-LET ion irradiation is being more and more often used to control tumors in patients. Given that tumors are now considered as complex organs composed of multiple cell types that can influence radiosensitivity, we investigated the effects of proton and alpha particle irradiation on the possible radioprotective cross-talk between cancer and endothelial cells. Materials and Methods: We designed new irradiation chambers that allow co-culture study of cells irradiated with a particle beam. A549 lung carcinoma cells and endothelial cells (EC were exposed to 1.5 Gy of proton beam or 1 and 2 Gy of alpha particles. Cell responses were studied by clonogenic assays and cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry. Gene expression studies were performed using Taqman low density array and by RT-qPCR. Results: A549 cells and EC displayed similar survival fraction and they had similar cell cycle distribution when irradiated alone or in co-culture. Both types of irradiation induced the overexpression of genes involved in cell growth, inflammation and angiogenesis. Conclusions: We set up new irradiation chamber in which two cell types were irradiated together with a particle beam. We could not show that tumor cells and endothelial cells were able to protect each other from particle irradiation. Gene expression changes were observed after particle irradiation that could suggest a possible radioprotective inter-cellular communication between the two cell types but further investigations are needed to confirm these results.

  18. Effects of Alpha Particle and Proton Beam Irradiation as Putative Cross-Talk between A549 Cancer Cells and the Endothelial Cells in a Co-Culture System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riquier, Hélène; Abel, Denis [URBC-NARILIS, University of Namur, 61 rue de Bruxelles, Namur 5000 (Belgium); Wera, Anne-Catherine; Heuskin, Anne-Catherine [LARN-PMR, NARILIS, University of Namur, Namur 5000 (Belgium); Genard, Géraldine [URBC-NARILIS, University of Namur, 61 rue de Bruxelles, Namur 5000 (Belgium); Lucas, Stéphane [LARN-PMR, NARILIS, University of Namur, Namur 5000 (Belgium); Michiels, Carine, E-mail: carine.michiels@unamur.be [URBC-NARILIS, University of Namur, 61 rue de Bruxelles, Namur 5000 (Belgium)

    2015-03-18

    Background: High-LET ion irradiation is being more and more often used to control tumors in patients. Given that tumors are now considered as complex organs composed of multiple cell types that can influence radiosensitivity, we investigated the effects of proton and alpha particle irradiation on the possible radioprotective cross-talk between cancer and endothelial cells. Materials and Methods: We designed new irradiation chambers that allow co-culture study of cells irradiated with a particle beam. A549 lung carcinoma cells and endothelial cells (EC) were exposed to 1.5 Gy of proton beam or 1 and 2 Gy of alpha particles. Cell responses were studied by clonogenic assays and cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry. Gene expression studies were performed using Taqman low density array and by RT-qPCR. Results: A549 cells and EC displayed similar survival fraction and they had similar cell cycle distribution when irradiated alone or in co-culture. Both types of irradiation induced the overexpression of genes involved in cell growth, inflammation and angiogenesis. Conclusions: We set up new irradiation chamber in which two cell types were irradiated together with a particle beam. We could not show that tumor cells and endothelial cells were able to protect each other from particle irradiation. Gene expression changes were observed after particle irradiation that could suggest a possible radioprotective inter-cellular communication between the two cell types but further investigations are needed to confirm these results.

  19. Effects of Alpha Particle and Proton Beam Irradiation as Putative Cross-Talk between A549 Cancer Cells and the Endothelial Cells in a Co-Culture System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: High-LET ion irradiation is being more and more often used to control tumors in patients. Given that tumors are now considered as complex organs composed of multiple cell types that can influence radiosensitivity, we investigated the effects of proton and alpha particle irradiation on the possible radioprotective cross-talk between cancer and endothelial cells. Materials and Methods: We designed new irradiation chambers that allow co-culture study of cells irradiated with a particle beam. A549 lung carcinoma cells and endothelial cells (EC) were exposed to 1.5 Gy of proton beam or 1 and 2 Gy of alpha particles. Cell responses were studied by clonogenic assays and cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry. Gene expression studies were performed using Taqman low density array and by RT-qPCR. Results: A549 cells and EC displayed similar survival fraction and they had similar cell cycle distribution when irradiated alone or in co-culture. Both types of irradiation induced the overexpression of genes involved in cell growth, inflammation and angiogenesis. Conclusions: We set up new irradiation chamber in which two cell types were irradiated together with a particle beam. We could not show that tumor cells and endothelial cells were able to protect each other from particle irradiation. Gene expression changes were observed after particle irradiation that could suggest a possible radioprotective inter-cellular communication between the two cell types but further investigations are needed to confirm these results

  20. 肺腺癌A549细胞葡萄糖代谢与紫杉醇耐药的关系%Glucose metabolism of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and its correlation with taxol-resistance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵士艳; 周翔; 李佳津; 黄钢

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨人肺腺癌细胞株A549及其紫杉醇耐药细胞株A549/taxol之间葡萄糖代谢的差异,以及二氯乙酸盐(dichloroacetate,DCA)对这2种细胞葡萄糖代谢的影响.方法:首先采用CCK-8法检测A549A549/taxol细胞对紫杉醇的耐药性.再用液体闪烁仪检测A549A549/taxol细胞摄取14C-葡萄糖后CO2的产生和脂质的生成情况.另外,分别用γ计数器和乳酸测定试剂盒检测18氟-2-脱氧-β-D-葡萄糖(18F-2-deoxy-β-D-glucose,18F-FDG)摄取和乳酸产生情况.结果:A549/taxol细胞摄取6-14C-葡萄糖后CO2释放量、18F-FDG摄取率和乳酸生成量均低于A549细胞.A549细胞经DCA处理后6-14C-葡萄糖释放的CO2水平升高,而A549/taxol细胞经DCA处理后6-14C-葡萄糖释放的CO2量无变化.结论:A549/taxol细胞有一定的线粒体氧化呼吸抑制作用.DCA能促进A549细胞线粒体的氧化呼吸作用,而对其耐药株A549/taxol细胞的氧化呼吸作用不大.

  1. COPD promotes migration of A549 lung cancer cells: the role of chemokine CCL21

    OpenAIRE

    Kuznar-Kaminska, Barbara

    2016-01-01

    Barbara Kuźnar-Kamińska,1 Justyna Mikuła-Pietrasik,2 Patrycja Sosińska,2 Krzysztof Książek,2 Halina Batura-Gabryel1 1Department of Pulmonology, Allergology and Respiratory Oncology, 2Department of Pathophysiology, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland Abstract: Patients with COPD develop lung cancer more frequently than healthy smokers. At the same time, molecular mediators promoting various aspects of cancer cell progression are still elusive. In t...

  2. COPD promotes migration of A549 lung cancer cells: the role of chemokine CCL21

    OpenAIRE

    Kuźnar-Kamińska B; Mikuła-Pietrasik J; Sosińska P; Książek K; Batura-Gabryel H

    2016-01-01

    Barbara Kuźnar-Kamińska,1 Justyna Mikuła-Pietrasik,2 Patrycja Sosińska,2 Krzysztof Książek,2 Halina Batura-Gabryel1 1Department of Pulmonology, Allergology and Respiratory Oncology, 2Department of Pathophysiology, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland Abstract: Patients with COPD develop lung cancer more frequently than healthy smokers. At the same time, molecular mediators promoting various aspects of cancer cell progression are still elusive. In this report, we e...

  3. Celecoxib Treatment Alters p53 and MDM2 Expression via COX-2 Crosstalk in A549 Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gharghabi, Mehdi; Rezaei, Farhang; Mir Mohammadrezaei, Fereshteh; Ghahremani, Mohammad Hossein

    2016-01-01

    Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of the lung cancer. It is known that COX-2 negatively regulates the activity of a number of tumor suppressors, including p53. Consequently, inhibition of COX-2 signaling is anticipated to be a promising approach to stabilize p53 functionality. In this regard, we investigated the effect of COX-2 signaling blockade on p53 and COX-2expression in A549 cells. Cell viability was assessed using MTT and protein expression was measured using Western Blot assay. Results revealed that Celecoxib dose-dependently induced growth inhibition within 24 h. However, prolonged exposure to the drug up to 48 h led to increase cell viability compared to the corresponding control. Western blot analysis demonstrated that Celecoxib could augment p53 expression within 24 h, independently of COX-2 inhibition. In contrast, Celecoxib treatment not only returned p53 to the control level, but also strikingly induced COX-2 expression within 48 h. Of further relevance, Celecoxib exposure could significantly result in MDM2 elevation at 48 h. These findings represent p53 as a molecular target being interconnected with COX-2 signaling axis upon Celecoxib treatment. Moreover, our data point toward the possibility that Celecoxib treatment may not be a proper therapeutic strategy in lung cancer cells owing to its potential role in the activation of oncogenes, including COX-2 and MDM2 which seemingly confers a chemoresistance circumstance to the cell. Consequently, these results underscore intensive preclinical assessment prior to applying COX-2 inhibitors in the treatment of lung tumors. PMID:27642319

  4. 氨甲蝶呤对映体对肺癌A549细胞的生长抑制作用研究%Inhibitory effects of methotrexate enantiomers on the growth of human lung cancer A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶绍能; 王莹莹; 周建国; 程光华; 张梦莹; 钟民; 吕坤

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究氨甲喋呤(MTX)对映体对肺癌A549细胞的生长抑制作用.方法:倒置相差显微镜观察加入MTX对映体后细胞形态变化,应用MTT法检测MTX对映体对A549细胞的生长抑制作用,应用流式细胞术分析细胞周期分布及凋亡率的变化.结果:倒置相差显微镜观察加入MTX对映体后细胞形态发生明显变化,MTT法检测表明两种MTX对映体抑制A549细胞的生长呈剂量与时间依赖性,L-(+)-MTX对A549细胞的抑制作用明显强于D-(-)-MTX.流式细胞检测发现两种MTX对映体药物对A549细胞的细胞周期和凋亡具有明显干扰作用.结论:MTX对映体对A549细胞的作用明显具有手性差异,L-(+)-MTX对A549细胞的抑制作用明显强于D-(-)-MTX.

  5. Inhibition of acrolein-stimulated MUC5AC expression by Platycodon grandiflorum root-derived saponin in A549 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jae Ho; Hwang, Yong Pil; Han, Eun Hee; Kim, Hyung Gyun; Park, Bong Hwan; Lee, Hyun Sun; Park, Byung Keun; Lee, Young Chun; Chung, Young Chul; Jeong, Hye Gwang

    2011-09-01

    Mucin overproduction is a hallmark of chronic airway diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In this study, we investigated the inhibition of acrolein-induced expression of mucin 5, subtypes A and C (MUC5AC) by Changkil saponin (CKS) in A549 cells. Acrolein, a known toxin in tobacco smoke and an endogenous mediator of oxidative stress, increases the expression of airway MUC5AC, a major component of airway mucus. CKS, a Platycodon grandiflorum root-derived saponin, inhibited acrolein-induced MUC5AC expression and activity, through the suppression of NF-κB activation. CKS also repressed acrolein-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2, JNK1/2, and p38MAPK, which are upstream signaling molecules that control MUC5AC expression. In addition, the MAPK inhibitors PD98059 (ERK1/2), SP600125 (JNK1/2), and SB203580 (p38 MAPK), and a PKC delta inhibitor (rottlerin; PKCδ) inhibited acrolein-induced MUC5AC expression and activity. CKS repressed acrolein-induced phosphorylation of PKCδ. Moreover, a reactive oxygen species (ROS) inhibitor, N-acetylcysteine, inhibited acrolein-induced MUC5AC expression and activity through the suppression of PKCδ and MAPK activation, and CKS repressed acrolein-induced ROS production. These results suggest that CKS suppresses acrolein-induced MUC5AC expression by inhibiting the activation of NF-κB via ROS-PKCδ-MAPK signaling. PMID:21664222

  6. Lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein 3 is involved in influenza A virus replication in human lung epithelial (A549 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Jianwei

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Influenza A virus mutates rapidly, rendering antiviral therapies and vaccines directed against virus-encoded targets ineffective. Knowledge of the host factors and molecular pathways exploited by influenza virus will provide further targets for novel antiviral strategies. However, the critical host factors involved in influenza virus infection have not been fully defined. Results We demonstrated that LAMP3, a member of lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein (LAMP family, was significantly induced in human lung epithelial (A549 cells upon influenza A virus infection. Knockdown of LAMP3 expression by RNA interference attenuated production of viral nucleoprotein (NP as well as virus titers. Confocal microscopy results demonstrated that viral NP is colocalized within LAMP3 positive vesicles at early stages of virus infection. Furthermore, knockdown of LAMP3 expression led to a reduction in nuclear accumulation of viral NP and impeded virus replication. Conclusions LAMP3 is an influenza A virus inducible gene, and plays an important role in viral post-entry steps. Our observations may provide insights into the mechanism of influenza virus replication and potential targets for novel anti-influenza therapeutics.

  7. A Novel Bufalin Derivative Exhibited Stronger Apoptosis-Inducing Effect than Bufalin in A549 Lung Cancer Cells and Lower Acute Toxicity in Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Miao; Feng, Li-Xing; Sun, Peng; Liu, Wang; Wu, Wan-Ying; Jiang, Bao-Hong; Yang, Min; Hu, Li-Hong; Guo, De-An; Liu, Xuan

    2016-01-01

    BF211 is a synthetic molecule derived from bufalin (BF). The apoptosis-inducing effect of BF211 was stronger than that of BF while the acute toxicity of BF211 was much lower than that of BF. BF211 exhibited promising concentration-dependent anti-cancer effects in nude mice inoculated with A549 cells in vivo. The growth of A549 tumor xenografts was almost totally blocked by treatment with BF211 at 6 mg/kg. Notably, BF and BF211 exhibited differences in their binding affinity and kinetics to recombinant proteins of the α subunits of Na+/K+-ATPase. Furthermore, there was a difference in the effects of BF or BF211 on inhibiting the activity of porcine cortex Na+/K+-ATPase and in their time-dependent effects on intracellular Ca2+ levels in A549 cells. The time-dependent effects of BF or BF211 on the activation of Src, which was mediated by the Na+/K+-ATPase signalosome, in A549 cells were also different. Both BF and BF211 could induce apoptosis-related cascades, such as activation of caspase-3 and the cleavage of PARP (poly ADP-ribose polymerase) in A549 cells, in a concentration-dependent manner; however, the effects of BF211 on apoptosis-related cascades was stronger than that of BF. The results of the present study supported the importance of binding to the Na+/K+-ATPase α subunits in the mechanism of cardiac steroids and also suggested the possibility of developing new cardiac steroids with a stronger anti-cancer activity and lower toxicity as new anti-cancer agents. PMID:27459387

  8. Molecular analysis of hepatitis E virus from farm rabbits in Inner Mongolia, China and its successful propagation in A549 and PLC/PRF/5 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jirintai, Suljid; Jinshan; Tanggis; Manglai, Dugarjavin; Mulyanto; Takahashi, Masaharu; Nagashima, Shigeo; Kobayashi, Tominari; Nishizawa, Tsutomu; Okamoto, Hiroaki

    2012-12-01

    Rabbit hepatitis E virus (HEV) strains have recently been isolated in several areas of China and in the US and France. However, the host range, distribution and zoonotic potential of these HEV strains remain unknown and their propagation in cultured cells has not yet been reported. A total of 211 4-month-old rabbits raised on a farm in Inner Mongolia were tested for the presence of anti-HEV antibodies and HEV RNA. Overall, 121 rabbits (57.3%) tested positive for anti-HEV antibodies, and 151 (71.6%) had detectable HEV RNA. The 174 HEV strains recovered from these viremic rabbits, including two distinct strains each from 23 rabbits, differed from each other by up to 13.6% in a 412-nucleotide (nt) sequence within ORF2, and were 89.3-95.9% identical to the reported rabbit HEV strains in other provinces of China. Three representative Inner Mongolian strains, one each from three phylogenetic clusters, whose entire genomic sequences were determined, shared 79.6-96.7% identities with reported rabbit HEV strains within the entire or 242- to 1349-nt partial genomic sequence. Rabbit HEV strains recovered from liver tissues of rabbits with a high HEV load propagated efficiently in human cell lines (A549 and PLC/PRF/5 cells), suggesting the potential zoonotic risk of rabbit HEV.

  9. Α-MMC and MAP30, two ribosome-inactivating proteins extracted from Momordica charantia, induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in A549 human lung carcinoma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Xiang; He, Lingli; Meng, Yao; Li, Gangrui; Li, Linli; Meng, Yanfa

    2015-05-01

    α‑Momorcharin (α‑MMC) and momordica anti‑human immunodeficiency virus protein (MAP30), produced by Momordica charantia, are ribosome‑inactivating proteins, which have been reported to exert inhibitory effects on cultured tumor cells. In order to further elucidate the functions of these agents, the present study aimed to investigate the effects of α‑MMC and MAP30 on cell viability, the induction of apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, DNA integrity and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. α‑MMC and MAP30 were purified from bitter melon seeds using ammonium sulfate precipitation in combination with sulfopropyl (SP)‑sepharose fast flow, sephacryl S‑100 and macro‑Cap‑SP chromatography. MTT, flow cytometric and DNA fragmentation analyses were then used to determine the effects of α‑MMC and MAP30 on human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial A549 cells. The results revealed that A549 cells were sensitive to α‑MMC and MAP30 cytotoxicity assays in vitro. Cell proliferation was significantly suppressed following α‑MMC and MAP30 treatment in a dose‑ and time‑dependent manner; in addition, the results indicated that MAP30 had a more potent anti‑tumor activity compared with that of α‑MMC. Cell cycle arrest in S phase and a significantly increased apoptotic rate were observed following treatment with α‑MMC and MAP30. Furthermore, DNA integrity analysis revealed that the DNA of A549 cells was degraded following treatment with α‑MMC and MAP30 for 48 h. The pyrogallol autoxidation method and nitrotetrazolium blue chloride staining were used to determine SOD activity, the results of which indicated that α‑MMC and MAP30 did not possess SOD activity. In conclusion, the results of the present study indicated that α‑MMC and MAP30 may have potential as novel therapeutic agents for the prophylaxis and treatment of cancer. PMID:25573293

  10. A polysaccharide fraction of adlay seed (Coixlachryma-jobi L.) induces apoptosis in human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu, Xiangyi; Liu, Wei; Wu, Junhua; Li, Mengxian [Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, Ministry of Education, School of Food Engineering and Biotechnology, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457 (China); Wang, Juncheng; Wu, Jihui [School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230022 (China); Luo, Cheng, E-mail: Luo58@yahoo.com [Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, Ministry of Education, School of Food Engineering and Biotechnology, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457 (China)

    2013-01-11

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A polysaccharide from adlay seed, its molecular mass, optical rotation and sugars was determined. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We demonstrated that a polysaccharide from adlay can induce apoptosis in cancer cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The polysaccharide inhibited the metabolism and proliferation of NSCLC A549 cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The polysaccharide may trigger apoptosis via the mitochondria-dependent pathway. -- Abstract: Different seed extracts from Coix lachryma-jobi (adlay seed) have been used for the treatment of various cancers in China, and clinical data support the use of these extracts for cancer therapy; however, their underlying molecular mechanisms have not been well defined. A polysaccharide fraction, designated as CP-1, was extracted from the C.lachryma-jobi L. var. using the ethanol subsiding method. CP-1 induced apoptosis in A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner, as determined by MTT assay. Apoptotic bodies were observed in the cells by scanning electronic microscopy. Apoptosis and DNA accumulation during S-phase of the cell cycle were determined by annexin V-FITC and PI staining, respectively, and measured by flow cytometry. CP-1 also extended the comet tail length on single cell gel electrophoresis, and disrupted the mitochondrial membrane potential. Further analysis by western blotting showed that the expression of caspase-3 and caspase-9 proteins was increased. Taken together, our results demonstrate that CP-1 is capable of inhibiting A549 cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis via a mechanism primarily involving the activation of the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway. The assay data suggest that in addition to its nutritional properties, CP-1 is a very promising candidate polysaccharide for the development of anti-cancer medicines.

  11. The DNA-Damage Response to γ-Radiation Is Affected by miR-27a in A549 Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Celotti

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Perturbations during the cell DNA-Damage Response (DDR can originate from alteration in the functionality of the microRNA-mediated gene regulation, being microRNAs (miRNAs, small non-coding RNAs that act as post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. The oncogenic miR-27a is over-expressed in several tumors and, in the present study, we investigated its interaction with ATM, the gene coding for the main kinase of DDR pathway. Experimental validation to confirm miR-27a as a direct regulator of ATM was performed by site-direct mutagenesis of the luciferase reporter vector containing the 3'UTR of ATM gene, and by miRNA oligonucleotide mimics. We then explored the functional miR-27a/ATM interaction under biological conditions, i.e., during the response of A549 cells to ionizing radiation (IR exposure. To evaluate if miR-27a over-expression affects IR-induced DDR activation in A549 cells we determined cell survival, cell cycle progression and DNA double-strand break (DSB repair. Our results show that up-regulation of miR-27a promotes cell proliferation of non-irradiated and irradiated cells. Moreover, increased expression of endogenous mature miR-27a in A549 cells affects DBS rejoining kinetics early after irradiation.

  12. 大麻受体激动剂对肺癌A549细胞凋亡和增殖的影响%Effect of Cannabinoid Receptor Activation by THC on Proliferation and Apoptosis of Lung Cancer A549 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓琴; 胡景鑫; 周于婷; 白红波; 赵青

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究大麻受体激动剂(delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol,THC)对肺癌A549细胞凋亡和增殖的影响.方法 MTT法测定THC对A549细胞增殖的影响;苏木精-伊红染色、扫描电镜观察细胞的形态学变化;Western blot 法分析大麻受体CB1、CB2的蛋白表达;DNA梯度电泳检测A549细胞凋亡;流式细胞仪分析细胞凋亡率变化.结果 THC预处理后,MTT检测表明THC对A549细胞增殖有明显抑制作用,随着药物浓度增大,抑制作用更加明显;苏木精-伊红染色、扫描电镜观察显示:肺癌A549细胞有典型的细胞凋亡形态;Western blot检测显示:A549细胞大麻受体CB1、CB2水平较正常气道上皮细胞株16HBE升高;DNA梯度电泳法及流式细胞仪检测显示:THC能抑制A549细胞生长,诱导其凋亡,并具有剂量依赖性.结论 大麻受体激动剂THC能抑制肺癌细胞的增殖,并诱导肺癌细胞凋亡,此效应可能与大麻受体CB1、CB2作用有关.%Objective To study the effect of the cannabinoid receptor activation by THC on the proliferation and apoptosis of lung cancer A549 cells- Methods The effects of THC on proliferation of A549 cells were measured by using MTT assay,and morphological changes of A549 cells after HE staining were observed under an electron microscopy. Protein expression of can nabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 was detected by using Western blot. Apoptosis of A549 cells was examined by using DNA gra dient gel electrophoresis,and the change of apoptosis rate was analyzed by using flow cytometry. Results After pretreatment with THC,MTT assay revealed that THC could significantly suppress proliferation of A549 cells in a dose dependent man ner. HE staining and electron microscopy displayed that A549 cells had the typical apoptotic morphology. Western blot showed that cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 were increased A549 cells as compared with those in normal airway epithelial cells 16HBE. DNA gradient electrophoresis and flow cytometry demonstrated

  13. Low-dose carbon-based nanoparticle-induced effects in A549 lung cells determined by biospectroscopy are associated with increases in genomic methylation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Junyi; Tian, Meiping; Cui, Li; Dwyer, John; Fullwood, Nigel J.; Shen, Heqing; Martin, Francis L.

    2016-02-01

    Nanotechnology has introduced many manufactured carbon-based nanoparticles (CNPs) into our environment, generating a debate into their risks and benefits. Numerous nanotoxicology investigations have been carried, and nanoparticle-induced toxic effects have been reported. However, there remain gaps in our knowledge, primarily regarding mechanism. Herein, we assessed the global alterations induced by CNPs in A549 lung cells using biospectroscopy techniques, including attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). A549 cells were treated with fullerene (C60), long or short multi-walled carbon nanotubes, or single-walled carbon nanotubes at concentrations of 0.1 mg/L, 0.01 mg/L and 0.001 mg/L. Exposed cells were then analysed by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy and SERS. Spectra were pre-processed via computational analysis, and information on biochemical alterations in exposed cells were identified. Additionally, global DNA methylation levels in cells exposed to CNPs at 0.1 mg/L were determined using HPLC-MS and genetic regulators (for DNA methylation) were checked by quantitative real-time RT-PCR. It was found that CNPs exert marked effects in A549 cells and also contribute to increases in global DNA methylation. For the first time, this study highlights that real-world levels of nanoparticles can alter the methylome of exposed cells; this could have enormous implications for their regulatory assessment.

  14. Digoxin Downregulates NDRG1 and VEGF through the Inhibition of HIF-1α under Hypoxic Conditions in Human Lung Adenocarcinoma A549 Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong Wei

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Digoxin, an inhibitor of Na+/K+ ATPase, has been used in the treatment of heart-related diseases (such as congestive heart failure and atrial arrhythmia for decades. Recently, it was reported that digoxin is also an effective HIF-1α inhibitor. We investigated whether digoxin could suppress tumor cell growth through HIF-1α in non-small cell lung cancer cells (A549 cells under hypoxic conditions. An MTT assay was used to measure cell viability. RT-PCR and western blotting were performed to analyze the mRNA and protein expression of VEGF, NDRG1, and HIF-1α. HIF-1α nuclear translocation was then determined by EMSA. Digoxin was found to inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells under hypoxic conditions. Our results showed that hypoxia led to the upregulation of VEGF, NDRG1, and HIF-1α both at the mRNA and protein levels. We also found that the hypoxia-induced overexpression of VEGF, NDRG1, and HIF-1α was suppressed by digoxin in a concentration-dependent manner. As expected, our EMSA results demonstrated that under hypoxic conditions HIF-1α nuclear translocation was also markedly reduced by digoxin in a concentration-dependent manner. Our results suggest that digoxin downregulated hypoxia-induced overexpression of VEGF and NDRG1 at the transcriptional level probably through the inhibition of HIF-1α synthesis in A549 cells.

  15. Role of autophagy in the ω-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid-induced death of lung cancer A549 cells

    OpenAIRE

    Yao, Qinghua; Fu, Ting; Wang, Lu; LAI, YUEBIAO; Wang, Yuqi; Xu, Chao; Huang, Lulu; Guo, Yong

    2015-01-01

    The present study identified that ω-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) demonstrate anti-proliferative effects in lung cancer A549 cells. MTS and cytotoxicity assays were conducted to confirm that ω-3 PUFAs induced cell death. Autophagy-associated gene and signaling pathways were also detected. Microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3) expression was found to be increased subsequent to treatment with DHA and...

  16. Expression of P53, P21 in Human Lung Adenocarcinoma A549 Cell Strains under Hypoxia Conditions and the Effect of TSA on Their Expression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄宏; 张珍祥; 徐永健; 邵静芳

    2003-01-01

    This paper was designed to investigate the expression of p53, p21of A549 cell strains under hypoxic condition and the effect of trichostatin A (TSA), the inhibitor of histone deacetylasel (HDAC1) on their expression. The authors designed 1 normoxia group (control group) and 6 hypoxia groups (experiemntal group): hypoxia 6 h group (A), TSA+ hypoxia 6 h (B), hypoxia 12 h group (C) ,hypoxia 24 h group (D), TSA+hypoxia 24 h (E), hypoxia 48 h group (F). The expression of HDAC1 in A549 cells was examined by using Western blot and the expression of p53,p21 in A549 cells and the effect of TSA on them were determined by using immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The A value expressed by HDAC1 in A549 cell strains was 138±11 in the control group, 78±4, 86±5, 124±3, 120±9 in experimental groups A, C, D, F, respectively. The A value of the expression of the protein and mRNA of p53 in A549 cell strains were 0. 12±0.02, 0. 62±0.02 in the control group, 0. 10±0.03, 0.32±0.03; 0. 11±0.01, 0. 33±0.02; 0. 13±0.03, 0. 58±0.01; 0. 12±0. 02, 0. 56±0.02 in experimental group A, B, D, E, respectively. The A value of the expression of the protein and mRNA of p21 in A549 cell strains were 0. 17±0.03, 0. 62±0. 03 in the control group, 0. 16±0.02, 0. 50±0.02; 0. 14±0.02, 0. 36±0.02; 0. 15±0.03, 0. 49±0.03; 0. 13±0.02, 0. 33 ± 0. 02 in experimental groups A, B, D, E, respectively. These results indicate that the expression of HDAC1 is regulated by hypoxia and the effect of TSA is closely related to the expression of P21 under hypoxia condition.

  17. The South Pacific epidemic strain of Zika virus replicates efficiently in human epithelial A549 cells leading to IFN-β production and apoptosis induction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frumence, Etienne; Roche, Marjolaine; Krejbich-Trotot, Pascale; El-Kalamouni, Chaker; Nativel, Brice; Rondeau, Philippe; Missé, Dorothée; Gadea, Gilles; Viranaicken, Wildriss; Desprès, Philippe

    2016-06-01

    Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging flavivirus since the first epidemics in South Pacific in 2007. The recent finding that ZIKV is now circulating in Western Hemisphere and can be associated to severe human diseases, warrants the need for its study. Here we evaluate the susceptibility of human lung epithelial A549 cells to South Pacific epidemic strain of ZIKV isolated in 2013. We showed that ZIKV growth in A549 cells is greatly efficient. ZIKV infection resulted in the secretion of IFN-β followed by the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, and transcriptional activity of IFIT genes. At the maximum of virus progeny production, ZIKV triggers mitochondrial apoptosis through activation of caspases-3 and -9. Whereas at early infection times, the rapid release of IFN-β which exerts an antiviral effect against ZIKV might delay apoptosis in infected cells.

  18. Study of the Effects of Betaine and/or C-Phycocyanin on the Growth of Lung Cancer A549 Cells In Vitro and In Vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rea Bingula

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the effects of betaine, C-phycocyanin (C-PC, and their combined use on the growth of A549 lung cancer both in vitro and in vivo. When cells were coincubated with betaine and C-PC, an up to 60% decrease in viability was observed which is significant compared to betaine (50% or C-PC treatment alone (no decrease. Combined treatment reduced the stimulation of NF-κB expression by TNF-α and increased the amount of the proapoptotic p38 MAPK. Interestingly, combined treatment induced a cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase for ~60% of cells. In vivo studies were performed in pathogen-free male nude rats injected with A549 cells in their right flank. Their daily food was supplemented with either betaine, C-PC, both, or neither. Compared to the control group, tumour weights and volumes were significantly reduced in either betaine- or C-PC-treated groups and no additional decrease was obtained with the combined treatment. This data indicates that C-PC and betaine alone may efficiently inhibit tumour growth in rats. The synergistic activity of betaine and C-PC on A549 cells growth observed in vitro remains to be further confirmed in vivo. The reason behind the nature of their interaction is yet to be sought.

  19. 11β-HSD2重组真核表达载体构建及对A549细胞IL-6的影响%Construction of 11β-HSD2 recombinant eukaryotic vector and its effect on IL-6 in A549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓琳; 江红; 王兴友; 王丽娜; 宋何煜; 金帮明

    2013-01-01

    目的 本文旨在构建11β-羟基类固醇脱氢酶2 (11β-HSD2)基因的重组真核表达载体,并检测其转染入哺乳动物细胞后对白介素6(interleukin-6,IL-6)表达水平的影响.方法 用PCR方法扩增11β-HSD2基因的全长cDNA,先亚克隆至pGMT载体,测序正确后再亚克隆至pcDNA3.1 myc-hisC 以构建其重组真核表达载体.将重组的真核表达载体瞬时转染人肺腺癌细胞系A549,用Western blot 方法鉴定表达情况,并用ELISA方法检测IL-6表达水平.结果 测序表明11β-HSD2的重组真核表达载体构建成功,Western blot显示真核表达载体能够在A549细胞中成功表达,并可使IL-6表达水平升高.结论成功构建了11β-HSD2基因的重组真核表达载体,初步验证了该基因的促炎效应.%Objective To establish recombinant eukaryotic vector of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 gene in mammalian cell and to detect the expression of interleukin-6 after the vector transfection.Methods The cDNA of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 gene was amplified by PCR.After subcloned with pGMT vector and sequenced,the gene was inserted into the eukaryotic vector pcDNA3.1myc hisC.The expression vector was transiently transfected in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 cells,and then the protein was detected using Western blot,interleukin-6 was measured by ELISA.Results Sequencing revealed 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 recombinant eukaryotic expression vector was constructed successfully,and Western blot indicated that eukaryotic expression vector expressed successfully in A549 cells.Transfection with recombinant eukaryotic vector of 11β hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 gene significantly increased interleukin 6 expression.Conclusions The recombinant eukaryotic vector of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 gene is established successfully and could be highly overexpressed in A549 cells.The increase level of interleukin-6 suggests the proinflammatory effect of 11

  20. Study of Cinnamic aldehyde effects on expression of E-cadherin and MMP-9 through SHH signaling pathway in lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells%肉桂醛通过Hedgehog信号通路影响人肺腺癌A549细胞的E-cadherin、MMP-9的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑晓文; 陈一强; 孔晋亮; 张剑锋; 经庆玲

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate Cinnamic aldehyde effects on expression of E-cadherin and MMP-9 and proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells,and explore the possible mechanism of Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) signaling transduction.Methods:After co-cultured with Cinnamic aldehyde at the concentration of 0,10,20 and 40 μg/ml for 24 h,48 h and 72 h respectively,A549 cells were tested for their proliferation by MTT assay;E-cadherin and MMP-9 level in the supernatant by ELISA;expression of E-cadherin and MMP-9 mRNA by realtime-PCR with SYBR GreenⅠ;and protein expression by Western blot.Results: ①Cinnamic adehyde with concentration at 10 μg/ml would inhibited proliferation of A 549 cells after 24 hours′treatment;with concentration at 10, 20 and 40μg/ml can affect the proliferation significantly ( P<0.05 );with concentration of 40μg/ml cinnamic adehyde for 72 h,the re-markably inhibition of proliferation in A 549 cells was observed , the highest inhibitory rate was ( 93.782 ±5.036 )%.②Cinnamic aldehyde also increased migration rate of A 549 cells.③Expression of components on Hedgehog signaling pathway in A 549 was higher than that in human HBE cells.Cinnamic aldehyde could increase further upregulate of components expression in Hedgehog signaling pathway of A549 cells.④Secretion level of E-cadherin,mRNA and protein were decreased in A549 cells co-cultured with Cinnamic al-dehyde,while secretion level of MMP-9,mRNA and protein level in A549 cells co-cultured with cinnamic aldehyde were increased.Pre-treatment with 2 nmol/ml cyclopamine,an increasing of secretion level of E-cadherin ,mRNA and protein level in A549 cells was observed,decreasing of secretion level of E-cadhein,mRNA and protein level was also observed in A 549 cells.Conclusion:Cinnamic aldehyde inhibits the proliferation in a time-and dose-dependent manner and effected expression of E-cadherin and MMP-9 through sonic hedgehog signaling pathway in lung adenocarcinoma A 549 cells.%目的:观察肉桂醛对人肺腺癌A

  1. miRNA-126靶向抑制A549细胞迁移和侵袭能力的研究%miR-126 may inhibit A549 cell migration and invasion by targeting EGFL7

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙艳芹; 刘建强

    2013-01-01

    目的 研究microRNA-126(miR-126)对非小细胞肺癌(NSCLC)细胞迁移和侵袭能力的影响. 方法 利用脂质体介导法将构建的miR 126过表达质粒转染至NSCLC细胞株A549细胞(A549/ miR-126组),并设空质粒转染组(A549/MOCK组)和空白对照组(A549组).利用RT-PCR技术检测3组细胞中EGFL7(miR-126的靶标)的表达水平,采用细胞划痕实验观察细胞迁移能力差异,采用Transwell小室法分析3组细胞侵袭能力的差异. 结果 RT-PCR检测A549/miR-126组、A549/MOCK组和A549组细胞中EGFL7 mRNA分别为2.32±0.088、1.43±0.026和1.00±0.000,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);细胞划痕实验显示A549/ miR-126组、A549/MOCK组和A549组细胞平均迁移距离分别为3.0 μm、2.65 μm和0.5 μm,平均抑制率分别为0、11.25%和83.75%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);Transwell小室实验显示,A549/miR-126组24 hr侵袭细胞数为(28.6±2.322)个,36 h侵袭细胞数为(29.2±3.7683)个,A549/MOCK组24 h为(49.8±3.7014)个,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05). 结论 miR-126可上调EGFL7 mRNA的表达,并可能通过表达产物EGFL7蛋白抑制A549细胞的迁移和侵袭能力.

  2. Multidimensional effects of biologically synthesized silver nanoparticles in Helicobacter pylori, Helicobacter felis, and human lung (L132) and lung carcinoma A549 cells

    OpenAIRE

    Gurunathan, Sangiliyandi; Jeong, Jae-Kyo; Han, Jae Woong; Zhang, Xi-Feng; Park, Jung Hyun; Kim, Jin-Hoi

    2015-01-01

    Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are prominent group of nanomaterials and are recognized for their diverse applications in various health sectors. This study aimed to synthesize the AgNPs using the leaf extract of Artemisia princeps as a bio-reductant. Furthermore, we evaluated the multidimensional effect of the biologically synthesized AgNPs in Helicobacter pylori, Helicobacter felis, and human lung (L132) and lung carcinoma (A549) cells. UV-visible (UV–vis) spectroscopy confirmed the synthesis ...

  3. The preparation of cells (A549) with measurement of the relative downstream differential expression of ICAM-1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eleghasim, Ndukauba M.; Haddrell, Allen E.; van Eeden, Stephen; Agnes, George R.

    2006-12-01

    The characterization of particulate matter suspended in the troposphere (PM10) based on size is an important basis for assessing the extent of their adverse effects on human health. The relevance of such assessments is anticipated to be significantly improved through the continued development of tools that can identify the chemical components within individual ambient particles, and the injury that they cause. We use recently reported methodology to create mimics of ambient particle types of known size and chemical composition that are levitated within an ac trap. The ac trap uses electric fields to levitate the particles that have a given mass and net elementary charge, and as such the ac trap is a mass-to-charge filter. The ac trap was used to levitate populations of particles where the size of particles in any given population could be altered. The levitated particles are delivered direct from the ac trap to human lung cells (A549), in vitro, with downstream measurement of differential expression of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and counting of the number of particles actually delivered to the culture using an optical microscope. In this study, the chemical composition of the ambient particle mimics was restricted to inorganic compounds whose relative abundance was purposely designed to mimic the average abundance in Environmental Health Center-93 (EHC-93) particles. The sizes of the multilelement particle types prepared were 6.8 +/- 0.5, 3.8 +/- 0.3, 2.6 +/- 0.2 (mean +/- S.D.). Particles of either elemental carbon, or elemental carbon containing glycerol were used as control particle types. In any given experiment, a known number of particles, but always cell culture. Following an 18-h incubation period and anti-body labeling of ICAM-1, the fluorescence emission from a 1.07 mm2 area of the cell culture centered at the site of particle deposition was acquired. The relative differential expression of ICAM-1 was greatest for multielement particle types

  4. Marsdenia tenacissima extract suppresses A549 cell migration through regulation of CCR5-CCL5 axis, Rho C, and phosphorylated FAK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Sen-Sen; Li, Fang-Fang; Sun, Li; Fan, Wei; Gu, Ming; Zhang, Lu-Yong; Qin, Song; Yuan, Sheng-Tao

    2016-03-01

    Marsdenia tenacissima, a traditional Chinese medicine, is long been used to treat various diseases including asthma, cancer, trachitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, cystitis, and pneumonia. Although Marsdenia tenacissima has been demonstrated to have strong anti-tumor effects against primary tumors, its effect on cancer metastasis remains to be defined, and the molecular mechanism underlying the anti-metastatic effect is unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effects of XAP (an extract of Marsdenia tenacissima) on A549 lung cancer cell migration and explored the role of CCR5-CCL5 axis in the anti-metastatic effects of XAP. Our resutls showed that XAP inhibited A549 lung cancer cell migration and invasion in a dose-dependent manner. The protein levels of CCR5, but not CCR9 and CXCR4, were decreased by XAP. The secretion of CCL5, the ligand of CCR5, was reduced by XAP. XAP down-regulated Rho C expression and FAK phosphorylation. In conclusion, XAP inhibited A549 cell migration and invasion through down-regulation of CCR5-CCL5 axis, Rho C, and FAK. PMID:27025367

  5. Marsdenia tenacissima extract suppresses A549 cell migration through regulation of CCR5-CCL5 axis, Rho C, and phosphorylated FAK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Sen-Sen; Li, Fang-Fang; Sun, Li; Fan, Wei; Gu, Ming; Zhang, Lu-Yong; Qin, Song; Yuan, Sheng-Tao

    2016-03-01

    Marsdenia tenacissima, a traditional Chinese medicine, is long been used to treat various diseases including asthma, cancer, trachitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, cystitis, and pneumonia. Although Marsdenia tenacissima has been demonstrated to have strong anti-tumor effects against primary tumors, its effect on cancer metastasis remains to be defined, and the molecular mechanism underlying the anti-metastatic effect is unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effects of XAP (an extract of Marsdenia tenacissima) on A549 lung cancer cell migration and explored the role of CCR5-CCL5 axis in the anti-metastatic effects of XAP. Our resutls showed that XAP inhibited A549 lung cancer cell migration and invasion in a dose-dependent manner. The protein levels of CCR5, but not CCR9 and CXCR4, were decreased by XAP. The secretion of CCL5, the ligand of CCR5, was reduced by XAP. XAP down-regulated Rho C expression and FAK phosphorylation. In conclusion, XAP inhibited A549 cell migration and invasion through down-regulation of CCR5-CCL5 axis, Rho C, and FAK.

  6. Tumor-targeting magnetic lipoplex delivery of short hairpin RNA suppresses IGF-1R overexpression of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells in vitro and in vivo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Chunmao; Ding, Chao; Kong, Minjian [Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310009 (China); Dong, Aiqiang, E-mail: dr_dongaiqiang@sina.com [Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310009 (China); Qian, Jianfang; Jiang, Daming; Shen, Zhonghua [Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310009 (China)

    2011-07-08

    Highlights: {yields} We compared lipofection with magnetofection about difference of transfection efficiency on delivery a therapeutic gene in vitro and in vivo. {yields} We investigated the difference of shRNA induced by magnetofection and lipofection into A549 cell and subcutaneous tumor to knockdown IGF-1R overexpressed in A549 cell and A549 tumor. {yields} We investigated in vivo shRNA silenced IGF-1R overexpression 24, 48, and 72 h after shRNA intravenous injection into tumor-bearing mice by way of magnetofection and lipofection. {yields} Our results showed that magnetofection could achieve therapeutic gene targeted delivery into special site, which contributed to targeted gene therapy of lung cancers. -- Abstract: Liposomal magnetofection potentiates gene transfection by applying a magnetic field to concentrate magnetic lipoplexes onto target cells. Magnetic lipoplexes are self-assembling ternary complexes of cationic lipids with plasmid DNA associated with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs). Type1insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R), an important oncogene, is frequently overexpressed in lung cancer and mediates cancer cell proliferation and tumor growth. In this study, we evaluated the transfection efficiency (percentage of transfected cells) and therapeutic potential (potency of IGF-1R knockdown) of liposomal magnetofection of plasmids expressing GFP and shRNAs targeting IGF-1R (pGFPshIGF-1Rs) in A549 cells and in tumor-bearing mice as compared to lipofection using Lipofectamine 2000. Liposomal magnetofection provided a threefold improvement in transgene expression over lipofection and transfected up to 64.1% of A549 cells in vitro. In vitro, IGF-1R specific-shRNA transfected by lipofection inhibited IGF-1R protein by 56.1 {+-} 6% and by liposomal magnetofection by 85.1 {+-} 3%. In vivo delivery efficiency of the pGFPshIGF-1R plasmid into the tumor was significantly higher in the liposomal magnetofection group than in the

  7. New geranylated flavanones from the fruits of Paulownia catalpifolia Gong Tong with their anti-proliferative activity on lung cancer cells A549.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Tian-yang; Jin, Xing; Tang, Wen-zhao; Wang, Xiao-jing; Zhao, Yun-xue

    2015-09-01

    Three new geranylated flavanones, named as paucatalinone A (1), B (2), and isopaucatalinone B (3), were isolated from the fruits of Paulownia catalpifolia Gong Tong (Scrophulariaceae). Their structures were well determined by means of IR, MS, 1D and 2D NMR, and CD techniques. Paucatalinone A (1) is the first sample as a dimeric geranylated flavanone derivative isolated from natural products. Paucatalinone A (1) displayed good antiproliferative effects on human lung cancer cells A549 and resulted in a clear increase of the percentage of cells in G1 phase and a decrease in the percentage of cells in S and G2/M phases in comparison with control cells. PMID:26115572

  8. Effect of Gemcitabine in the Uptake of 18F-FDG Non-small-cell on Human Lung Cancer Cell A549%吉西他滨对人非小细胞肺癌A549细胞摄取18F-FDG影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹惠峰; 邓胜明; 章斌; 吴翼伟

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨测定人非小细胞肺癌A549细胞的18F-FDG细胞结合率方法及用吉西他滨化疗后对A549细胞摄取18FFDG的影响.方法 在不同条件下测定A549细胞的18F-FDG细胞结合率,细胞浓度5×104~1×107/瓶;18F-FDG放射性活度1.85~29.6KBq;反应时间20~120min;葡萄糖浓度0~11.1mmol/L.MTT测定加入不同剂量0~120mmol/L吉西他滨24h后细胞抑制率.测定加入不同剂量0~120mmol/L吉西他滨24h后18F-FDG细胞结合率.结果 18F-FDG细胞结合率随细胞数量、反应时间的增加而增高,随葡萄糖浓度的增高而降低,与18F-FDG放射性活度无关;加入不同剂量吉西他滨后,细胞结合率随剂量增加而下降,两者呈负相关(r=-0.78,P<0.01).结论吉西他滨作用24h后引起人非小细胞肺癌A549细胞 18F-FDG细胞结合率下降,可用18F-FDG显像早期观测吉西他滨对人非小细胞肺癌疗效.%Objective To optimize the measurement of 18F-FDG uptake rates of non-small-cell lung cancer cell A549 and investigate the effect after administrated with Gemcitabine. Methods To detect 18F-FDG uptake rates of non-small-cell lung cancer A549 cells in different conditions:cell density ranges from 5 × 104 to 1 × 107per flask,radioactivity of 18F-FDG from 1.85 to 29.6KBq,incubating time from 20 to 120 minutes,glucose concentration from 0 to 11.1mmol/L.24 hours after administrated with Gemcitabine(0 ~ 120mmol/L),inhibition ratios and 18F-FDG uptake rates of the A549 cells were detected. Results On certain conditions,18F-FDG uptake rates of A549 cells increased as the cell number and incubating time grew,but decreased while glucose concentration raised,irrelative with radioactivity of 18F-FDG.18F-FDG uptake rates of A549 cells decreased with the concentration of Gemcitabine increasing,which presented negative correlation(r=-0.78,P<0.01).Conclusions 18F-FDG uptake rates of non-small-cell lung cancer A549 cells decreased 24 hours after treated with Gemcitabine

  9. Influence of pEgr1-hsTRAIL plasmid on radiosensitivity and DR4 and DR5 expression levels in lung adencarcinoma A549 cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To measure the changes of the radiosensitivity in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells transfected with pEgr1-hsTRAIL plasmid and the effect on death receptor (DR) 4 and DR5 expressions, and to explore the radiosensitizing effect of pEgr1-hsTRAIL plasmid and possible mechanism on inducing apoptosis. Methods: There were normal control, pEgr1-hsTRAIL, 6 Gy X-rays, and pEgr1-hsTRAIL + 6 Gy X-rays groups in the experiment. After the A549 cells were transfected with liposome, and irradiated with X-rays, colony formation assay was used to measure the radiosensitivity, and reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) was performed to detect the DR4 and DR5 mRNA expressions, and Western blotting was applied to determine the DR4 and DR5 protein expressions. Results: The D0 values of A549 cells in normal control group and pEgr1-hsTRAIL group were 3.26 and 1.91 Gy, respectively, it indicated that pEgr1-hsTRAIL plasmid could enhance the radiosensitivity in A549 cells. The RT-PCR results showed that as compared with normal control group, the DR4 and DR5 mRNA expression levels in pEgr1-hsTRAIL group had no significant change, but those in 6 Gy X-rays group were increased significantly (P<0.05), and those in pEgr1-hsTRAIL + 6 Gy X-rays group were also increased significantly (P<0.05); the DR5 mRNA expression level in pEgr1-hsTRAIL + 6 Gy X-rays group was higher than that in 6 Gy X-rays group (P<0.05). The Western blotting results showed that the DR4 and DR5 protein expressions in pEgr1-hsTRAIL group did not change obviously compared with normal control group, but those in 6 Gy X-rays and pEgr1-hsTRAIL + 6 Gy X-rays groups were increased, and the DR5 protein expression in pEgr1-hsTRAIL + 6 Gy X-rays group was increased mostly. Conclusion: The recombinant plasmid pEgr1-hsTRAIL can enhance the radiosensitivity of A549 cells, and has the enhancing effect on DR5 expression induced by radiation, but no same effect on DR4 expression. (authors)

  10. Inhibitory effect of new copper (Ⅱ) complex with coumarin derivatives on lung cancer cells A549 in vivo and vitro%新型香豆素类酰腙-铜配合物对肺腺癌A549细胞的体内外抑制作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆勤; 欧秋霞; 朱文娇; 朱涛峰

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察新型香豆素类酰腙—铜配合物(以下缩写为CCCD)在体内外对肺癌A549细胞的抑制作用,并探讨其机制。方法培养肺癌A549细胞,分别加入5、10、20、30、50、80、120、160μmol/L的CCCD,干预72 h后,采用MTT法,计算细胞生长抑制率( IR )。将A549细胞分为干预组、对照组,干预组分别加入10、20、40μmol/L CCCD,对照组加入PBS,采用流式细胞术检测各组细胞凋亡情况并计算细胞凋亡率,采用Western blot法检测各组细胞Caspase-3蛋白表达。取18只裸鼠建立肺癌荷瘤鼠模型,分为观察1组、观察2组、对照组,每组各6只,分别予尾静脉注射4、8 mg/kg CCCD及PBS,1次/周,共干预3周,干预结束后测算各组肿瘤体积并计算抑瘤率。随后处死各组裸鼠,取瘤体组织,应用TUNEL法检测各组肿瘤细胞凋亡情况并计算凋亡指数( AD)。结果加入5、10、20、30、50、80、120、160μmol/L CCCD 后, A549细胞 IR 分别为8.80%、16.52%、37.24%、55.75%、77.22%、87.16%、95.25%、98.70%,随着药物浓度增高,IR呈增高趋势。干预组加入10、20、40μmol/L CCCD后,细胞凋亡率均高于对照组(P均<0.05)。干预组Caspase-3蛋白表达高于对照组(P<0.05)。观察1组、观察2组、对照组AD分别为16.83%±8.44%、24.65%±11.24%、3.30%±2.12%,各组间比较P均<0.05。观察1组、观察2组抑瘤率分别为51.08%、56.78%。结论 CCCD在体内外均可抑制肺癌A549细胞的生长,促进细胞凋亡,其作用机制可能与经Caspase-3途径诱导细胞凋亡有关。%Objective To observe the inhibitory effect of a new copper (Ⅱ) complex with coumarin derivatives ( CCCD) on lung cancer cell line A549 in vivo and in vitro and to investigate the mechanism .Methods The lung cancer A549 cells were cultured and were treated with 5, 10

  11. 雷氏大疣蛛蜘蛛毒素对人肺癌细胞A549增殖的影响%Effects of the Spider Venom on proliferation of Human Lung Adenocarcinoma Cell A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡增祥; 杜昱蕾; 刘全喜; 王媛; 李亮

    2010-01-01

    背景与目的 雷氏大疣蛛蜘蛛毒素作为新药有可能用于癌症的治疗,本研究旨在探讨雷氏大疣蛛蜘蛛毒索对人肺癌细胞4549的作用及机理.方法 应用MTT法检测雷氏大疣蛛蜘蛛毒素对人肺癌细胞A549增殖的影响,比色法检测过氧化氢酶活性,改良的硫代巴比妥酸荧光法检测丙二醛含量;流式细胞仪检测细胞凋亡率.采用免疫印迹分析A549细胞中P38MAPK蛋白的表达.结果 雷氏大疣蛛蜘蛛毒素可抑制A549细胞增殖,使CAT活性和MDA的形成增加,且使P38MAPK的表达较对照组明显增多.结论 雷氏大疣蛛蜘蛛毒素抑制A549细胞增殖可能与CAT活性和MDA的形成增加以及P38MAPK的表达降低相关.

  12. Inhibition of Oridonin on Human Lung Adenocarcinoma A549 Cells and Its Mechanisms%冬凌草甲素诱导人肺腺癌细胞株A549凋亡及其机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭蕾; 顾振纶; 薛仁宇; 周颖; 蒋小岗; 郭次仪

    2010-01-01

    目的:探讨冬凌草甲素(oridnin)对人肺腺癌细胞株A549细胞凋亡的影响.方法:利用MTT法检测oridnin对A549细胞增殖作用的影响;Hoechst 33258染色观察给药后细胞形态改变;透射电镜观察给药后细胞超微结构改变;FITC-AnnexinV/PI双标记检测细胞凋亡率.结果:Hoechst 33258染色和透射电镜观察,oridonin给药后A549细胞出现空泡变性,染色质高度凝集;FTTC-AnnexinV/PI双标记检测oridnin(25,50,100μmol/L)作用细胞48 h后凋亡率分别为1.5%,6.2%,59.7%.结论:Oridonin对A549细胞具有抑制增殖和诱导凋亡作用.

  13. Effect of anti-miR-155 oligonucleotides on Wee1 expression in A549 cells%Anti-miR-155反义寡核苷酸对A549细胞Wee1表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹学武; 张海萍; 陈正堂

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of anti-miR-155 oligonucleotides on Wee1 expression in A549 cells.Methods Anti-miR-155 oligonucleotides (AMOs) were used to inhibit the activity of mature miR-155 in A549 cells.Expression level of Wee1 mRNA was measured by realtime quantitive RT-PCR.Expression levels of Wee1 protein and Phospho-cdc2 (Tyr15) protein were measured by Western blot.Results AMOs at the concentration of 100nmol/L did not exert significant effect on expression level of Wee1 mRNA.Compared with control group,Wee1 expression and Phospho-cdc2 (Tyr15) expression in A549 cells treated with 100nmol/L AMOs was significantly increased.Conclusion After inhibition of activity of mature miR-155 by AMOs,expression of Wee1 protein can be significantly enhanced.%目的 观察anti-miR-155反义寡核苷酸(AMOs)对A549细胞Wee1表达的影响.方法 采用特异性anti-miR-155反义寡核苷酸抑制A549细胞内成熟miR-155的活性,realtime quantitive RT-PCR测定Wee1 mRNA表达量,Western blot测定Wee1蛋白和Phospho-cdc2(Tyr15)蛋白的表达量.结果 100nmol/L浓度的AMOs处理的A549细胞中Wee1 mRNA表达量与对照组A549细胞中Wee1 mRNA表达量相比无显著性差异(P>0.05);与对照组相比,100nmol/L浓度的AMOs处理的A549细胞Wee1蛋白和Phospho-cdc2 (Tyr15)蛋白的表达量显著增加(P<0.05).结论 采用AMOs抑制A549细胞内高水平表达miR-155活性后,可显著增强Wee1蛋白的表达.

  14. 烹调油烟中细颗粒物PM2.5对A-549细胞存活率和IL-10水平的影响%Effects of PM2.5 in cooking oil fume on cell survival and IL-10 levels in A-549 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯哲伟; 梁春梅; 操基玉; 郭冬梅; 王勇; 王绩凯

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore fine particle in cooking oil fume ( FPCOF, PM2. 5 ) on the level of anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 in human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cell (A-549 cells). Methods A-549 cells were exposed to different concentrations of FPCOF, for 12 h, 24 h and 36 h, respectively, then detecting the cell survival rate with MTT assay and IL-10 level in media supernatant by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Results ( 1 ) The survival rate of A-549 cells was reduced time-and dose-dependently, but the difference at 12 h among different doses was not significant, meanwhile the rate in 100 μg/ml PM2.5 + 10 mmol/L NAC group was significantly higher than that in 100 μg/ml PM2.5 group after 24 h or 36 h exposure. (2) There was no obvious effect on IL-10 after 24 h exposure to FPCOF, the rise of IL-10 level was only seen in all the exposed groups after 36 h exposure to FPCOF; additionally, IL-10 level in 100 μg/ml PM2.5 + 10 mmol/L NAC group was significantly lower than that in 100 μg/ml PM2.5 group. Conclusion FPCOF might promote the secretion of anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 in A-549 cells, but its expression was later than the inhibition of cell proliferation caused by FPCOF; and the antioxidant NAC might protect A-549 cells from the adverse effects induced by FPCOF.%探讨烹调油烟中大气细颗粒物PM2.5(FPCOF)对人肺癌上皮细胞(A-549细胞)抗炎因子IL-10分泌的影响.分别用不同浓度的FPCOF对细胞进行染毒,于12 h、24 h和36 h后用MTT法测细胞存活率;用酶联免疫吸附法测染毒24 h和36 h的细胞上清中IL-10的浓度.结果:(1)FPCOF作用于A-549细胞24 h和36 h后,细胞存活率随染毒浓度升高而降低,100μg/ml PM2.5+10 mmol/L NAC组存活率高于100μg/ml PM2.5染毒组.(2)FPCOF对A-549细胞作用24 h后,对抗炎因子IL-10的影响不明显;作用36 h后均可见IL-10水平增高,100 μg/ml PM2.5+10mmol/L NAC组IL-10浓度低于100 μg/ml PM2.5染毒组.提示FPCOF促进A-549

  15. Effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine Zilongjin Extracts on Human Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Cells A549 and Endogenous VEGF Expression%紫龙金对人非小细胞肺癌A549细胞生长及VEGF表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史东升; 周静敏; 马淑萍

    2011-01-01

    目的:观察紫龙金和顺铂对人非小细胞肺癌A549细胞增殖及血管内皮生长因子(VEGF)表达的影响,探讨中药紫龙金抗癌机制.方法:体外培养A549细胞,采用MTT法检测紫龙金和顺铂对细胞生长的影响,RT-PCR定量检测细胞VEGF的表达,ELISA法检测细胞上清液中VEGF含量变化.结果:紫龙金和顺铂均可抑制A549细胞的增殖,细胞存活率随药物浓度的升高而下降(F 紫龙金=4 996.216,P 紫龙金<0.001;F 顺铂=6 834.121,P 顺铂<0.001).同一药物浓度,细胞存活率随处理天数的增加而下降(F 紫龙金=13.366,P 紫龙金<0.001;F 顺铂=1 471.067,P 顺铂<0.001).紫龙金作用24 h和72 h,A549细胞VEGF mRNA的表达随药物浓度提高而下降(F=216.826,P<0.001);而顺铂作用24 h,VEGF表达反而随浓度升高而上升.顺铂与紫龙金配伍后,随药物浓度的提高对VEGF表达均表现出抑制作用(F=4.318,P<0.05).结论:紫龙金能抑制人非小细胞肺癌A549细胞增殖,下调细胞VEGF表达,体现出多靶点抗癌作用;顺铂通过抑制细胞周期抑制A549细胞增殖,未见抑制VEGF转录水平的表达.%Objective: To investigate the effects of the Traditional Chinese medicine Zilongjin on the proliferation of human non-small cell lung cancer cells A549 and the downregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor ( VEGF ) expression. Methods: A549 cells were cultured in a variety of Zilongjin and cisplatin concentrations. Cell viability was detected with a 3- ( 4,5-dimethylthia-zol-2-yl) 2,5-diphenyl telrazolium bromide ( MTT ) assay and VEGF content of the A549 cell supemate was detected by ELISA assay after 24, 48, and 72 hours of exposure. The VEGF mRNA was detected by real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction ( RT-PCR ). Results: Zilongjin and cisplatin inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells and the cell activity declined with increasing drug concentrations ( Fzilongjin film = 4996.216, Pzilongjin film < 0.001; Fcisplatin = 6834

  16. Ameliorative effects of dimetylthiourea and N-acetylcysteine on nanoparticles induced cyto-genotoxicity in human lung cancer cells-A549.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritesh Kumar Srivastava

    Full Text Available We study the ameliorative potential of dimetylthiourea (DMTU, an OH• radical trapper and N-acetylcysteine (NAC, a glutathione precursor/H₂O₂ scavenger against titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO₂-NPs and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs induced cyto-genotoxicity in cultured human lung cancer cells-A549. Cytogenotoxicity was induced by exposing the cells to selected concentrations (10 and 50 µg/ml of either of TiO₂-NPs or MWCNTs for 24 h. Anti-cytogenotoxicity effects of DMTU and NAC were studied in two groups, i.e., treatment of 30 minutes prior to toxic insult (short term exposure, while the other group received DMTU and NAC treatment during nanoparticles exposure, i.e., 24 h (long term exposure. Investigations were carried out for cell viability, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS, micronuclei (MN, and expression of markers of oxidative stress (HSP27, CYP2E1, genotoxicity (P⁵³ and CYP2E1 dependent n- nitrosodimethylamine-demethylase (NDMA-d activity. In general, the treatment of both DMTU and NAC was found to be effective significantly against TiO₂-NPs and MWCNTs induced cytogenotoxicity in A549 cells. Long-term treatment of DMTU and NAC during toxic insults has shown better prevention than short-term pretreatment. Although, cells responded significantly to both DMTU and NAC, but responses were chemical specific. In part, TiO₂-NPs induced toxic responses were mediated through OH• radicals generation and reduction in the antioxidant defense system. While in the case of MWCNTs, adverse effects were primarily due to altering/hampering the enzymatic antioxidant system. Data indicate the applicability of human lung cancer cells-A549 as a pre-screening tool to identify the target specific prophylactic and therapeutic potential of drugs candidate molecules against nanoparticles induced cellular damages.

  17. TGF-β and Hypoxia/Reoxygenation Promote Radioresistance of A549 Lung Cancer Cells through Activation of Nrf2 and EGFR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sae-lo-oom Lee

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Although many studies have examined the roles of hypoxia and transforming growth factor- (TGF- β separately in the tumor microenvironment, the effects of simultaneous treatment with hypoxia/reoxygenation and TGF-β on tumor malignancy are unclear. Here, we investigated the effects of redox signaling and oncogenes on cell proliferation and radioresistance in A549 human lung cancer cells in the presence of TGF-β under hypoxia/reoxygenation conditions. Combined treatment with TGF-β and hypoxia activated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR and nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2-like 2 (Nrf2, a redox-sensitive transcription factor. Interestingly, Nrf2 knockdown suppressed the effects of combined treatment on EGFR phosphorylation. In addition, blockade of EGFR signaling also suppressed induction of Nrf2 following combined treatment with hypoxia and TGF-β, indicating that the combined treatment induced positive crosstalk between Nrf2 and EGFR. TGF-β and hypoxia/reoxygenation increased the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS, while treatment with N-acetyl-L-cysteine abolished the activation of Nrf2 and EGFR. Treatment with TGF-β under hypoxic conditions increased the proliferation of A549 cells compared with that after vehicle treatment. Moreover, cells treated with the combined treatment exhibited resistance to ionizing radiation (IR, and knockdown of Nrf2 increased IR-induced cell death under these conditions. Thus, taken together, our findings suggested that TGF-β and hypoxia/reoxygenation promoted tumor progression and radioresistance of A549 cells through ROS-mediated activation of Nrf2 and EGFR.

  18. Microarray-based apoptosis gene screening technique in trichostatin A-induced drug-resisted lung cancer A549/CDDP cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ya-jun WANG

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To detect the expression profile changes of apoptosis-related genes in trichostatin A (TSA-induced drug-resisted lung cancer cells A549/CDDP by microarray, in order to screen the target genes in TSA treating cisplatin-resisted lung cancer. Methods  A549/CDDP cells were treated by TSA for 24 hours. Total RNA was extracted and reversely transcribed into cDNA. Gene expression levels were detected by the NimbleGen whole genome microarray. Differences of expression profiles between TSA-treated and control group were measured by NimbleScan 2.5 software and GO analysis. Apoptosis and proliferation related genes were screened from the expression changed genes. Results  Compared with the control group, 85 apoptosis-related genes were up-regulated and 43 growth or proliferation related genes were down-regulated in the TSA-treated group. GO analysis showed that the functions of these genes are mainly regulating apoptosis, cell resistance to chem ical stimuli protein, as well as regulating cell growth, proliferation and the biological process of maintaining the cell biological quality. TSA-activated not only the mitochondrial apoptotic pathways, but also the death receptor related apoptosis pathway, and down-regulated the drug resistance related genes BAG3 and ABCC2. Conclusion  TSA may cause the expression changes of apoptotic and proliferation genes in A549/CDDP cells, these genes may play a role in TSA treating cisplatin-resisted lung cancer. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2016.08.07

  19. Impact of CHK2-small interfering RNA on CpG ODN7909-enhanced radiosensitivity in lung cancer A549 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen W

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Wei Chen,* Xiaoqun Liu,* Tiankui Qiao, Sujuan Yuan Department of Oncology, Jinshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workObjective: To investigate the impact of checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2-small interfering RNA (CHK2-siRNA on the enhancement of radiosensitivity by CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN 7909 in lung cancer A549 cells.Methods: The A549 cells were randomly divided into five groups: control, CpG, X-ray, CpG + X-ray, and CHK2-siRNA + CpG + X-ray. Cell colonization was observed using inverted microscopy. Cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry. CHK2 expression was detected by Western blot. CHK2-siRNA was adopted to silence the expression of CHK2.Results: The level of CHK2 phosphorylation was higher in the CpG + X-ray group than in the X-ray group. Increases in G2/mitotic (M phase arrest and apoptosis and a decrease of cell survival rate in the CpG + X-ray group were statistically significant (P < 0.05 when compared with the CHK2-siRNA + CpG + X-ray group in which the expression of CHK2 was obviously inhibited. The combination of CpG ODN7909 and X-ray irradiation was found to enhance the mitotic death of A549 cells. The sensitization enhancement ratio of mean death dose (D0 was 1.42 in the CpG + X-ray group, which was higher than that of the CHK2-siRNA + CpG + X-ray group, in which D0 was 1.05.Conclusion: To a certain extent, the impact of a combination of CpG ODN7909 and X-ray on G2/M phase arrest, apoptosis, and rate of cell survival was attenuated by CHK2-siRNA in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells, indicating that increased phosphorylation of CHK2 might be a radiosensitive pathway.Keywords: oligodeoxynucleotide, checkpoint kinase 2, mitotic death, apoptosis, X-ray

  20. Rho GTPases RhoA and Rac1 mediate effects of dietary folate on metastatic potential of A549 cancer cells through the control of cofilin phosphorylation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oleinik, Natalia V; Helke, Kristi L; Kistner-Griffin, Emily; Krupenko, Natalia I; Krupenko, Sergey A

    2014-09-19

    Folate, an important nutrient in the human diet, has been implicated in cancer, but its role in metastasis is not established. We have shown previously that the withdrawal of medium folate leads to the inhibition of migration and invasion of A549 lung carcinoma cells. Here we have demonstrated that medium folate regulates the function of Rho GTPases by enabling their carboxyl methylation and translocation to plasma membrane. Conversely, the lack of folate leads to the retention of these proteins in endoplasmic reticulum. Folate also promoted the switch from inactive (GDP-bound) to active (GTP-bound) GTPases, resulting in the activation of downstream kinases p21-activated kinase and LIM kinase and phosphorylation of the actin-depolymerizing factor cofilin. We have further demonstrated that in A549 cells two GTPases, RhoA and Rac1, but not Cdc42, are immediate sensors of folate status: the siRNA silencing of RhoA or Rac1 blocked effects of folate on cofilin phosphorylation and cellular migration and invasion. The finding that folate modulates metastatic potential of cancer cells was confirmed in an animal model of lung cancer using tail vein injection of A549 cells in SCID mice. A folate-rich diet enhanced lung colonization and distant metastasis to lymph nodes and decreased overall survival (35 versus 63 days for mice on a folate-restricted diet). High folate also promoted epithelial-mesenchymal transition in cancer cells and experimental mouse tumors. Our study provides experimental evidence for a mechanism of metastasis promotion by dietary folate and highlights the interaction between nutrients and metastasis-related signaling.

  1. Enhancement of radiosensitivity by topoisomerase II inhibitor, amrubicin and amrubicinol, in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and kinetics of apoptosis and necrosis induction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Sachiko; Hatashita, Masanori; Matsumoto, Hideki; Shioura, Hiroki; Kitai, Ryuhei; Kano, Eiichi

    2006-11-01

    The effects of amrubicin (AMR) and its active metabolite, amrubicinol (AMROH), on the sensitivity of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells to ionizing radiation were investigated in vitro. Further, the kinetics of apoptosis and necrosis induction were also analyzed. The cytocidal effects of X-ray irradiation on A549 cells resulted in a low level of radiosensitivity with a D0 value of 12 Gy. The slopes of the survival curves in the exponential phase were plotted on semilogarithmic paper for radiation combined with AMR (2.5 microg/ml) and AMROH (0.02 microg/ml) treatment, and were shown to be approximately parallel to treatment with irradiation alone. The initial shoulder-shape portion of the survival curve for radiation alone, indicating the repair of sublethal damage, was reduced as compared to that for sequential combined treatment with AMR or AMROH. Sequential treatments with AMR or AMROH prior to ionizing radiation resulted in an additive radio-enhancement effect that reduced not only survival, but also the shoulder width. Fractionated irradiation with 2 Gy per fraction of A549 cells was carried out in vitro similar to that commonly performed in clinical radiotherapy and the radio-resistance of the cells was shown to be inhibited by AMR and AMROH. Similar to AMR and AMROH, adriamycin and etoposide (VP-16) are DNA topoisomerase II inhibitors. The effects of these 4 agents on cells that received X-ray irradiation were compared and all of the agents exhibited comparable radio-enhancement effects. The induction of apoptosis was investigated at 48 and 72 h after administration of AMROH, radiation or combined treatment, and apoptosis was not significantly induced after any of the treatments. We also examined the induction of necrosis, and found that the incidence of necrosis following combined treatment was approximately 2 times higher than that with either of the single treatments. PMID:17016621

  2. Biological evaluation of new nickel(II) metallates: Synthesis, DNA/protein binding and mitochondrial mediated apoptosis in human lung cancer cells (A549) via ROS hypergeneration and depletion of cellular antioxidant pool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalaivani, P; Saranya, S; Poornima, P; Prabhakaran, R; Dallemer, F; Vijaya Padma, V; Natarajan, K

    2014-07-23

    A series of novel nickel(II) thiosemicarbazone complexes(1-4) have been prepared and characterized by various spectral, analytical techniques and X-ray crystallography. Further, their efficacy to interact with CT-DNA/BSA has been explored. From the binding studies, it is inferred that complex 4 found to be more active than other complexes. The complexes bound with CT-DNA by intercalation mode. Moreover, static quenching was observed for their interaction with BSA. The new complexes were tested for their in vitro cytotoxicity against human lung adenocarcinoma (A549) cell line. The results showed that the new complexes exhibited significant degree of cytotoxicity at given experimental condition. Further, the results of LDH and NO release supported the cytotoxic nature of the complexes. The observed cytotoxicity of the complexes may be routed through ROS-hypergeneration and lipid-peroxidation with subsequent depletion of cellular antioxidant pool (GSH, SOD, CAT, GPx and GST) resulted in the reduction of mitochondrial-membrane potential, caspase-3 activation and DNA fragmentation. Thus, the data from the present study disclose that the complexes could induce apoptosis in A549 cells through mitochondrial mediated fashion and inhibited the migration of lung cancer cells and by metastasis. PMID:24946146

  3. Effect of trichostatin A on apoptosis of lung epithelial carcinoma A549 cells%TSA对肺腺癌细胞株A549细胞凋亡的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜淑娟; 尚建强; 张嵩; 杨艳娜; 贾龑婷; JIANG Shi-wen

    2006-01-01

    目的:探讨组蛋白脱乙酰化酶抑制剂曲古抑菌素A(trichostatin A,TSA)对A549肺腺癌细胞凋亡的影响.方法:Annexin V和Hoechst染色法检测细胞凋亡;流式细胞仪分析细胞周期;Western blot检测凋亡信号通路中caspase-8、caspase-9活化及多聚ADP核糖聚合酶(PARP)裂解情况.结果:TSA可诱导细胞凋亡,主要使细胞积聚在G2/M期,且呈浓度依赖性.Western blot检测表明TSA诱导了A549肺腺癌细胞caspase-8、caspase-9裂解活化及PARP裂解,且随TSA作用时间延长而逐步升高.结论:TSA诱导A549细胞凋亡中caspase-8、caspase-9介导caspase-3的活化,TSA通过caspase级联反应诱导A549细胞凋亡.

  4. Reversal of multidrug resistance by cisplatin-loaded magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles in A549/DDP lung cancer cells in vitro and in vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li K

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Ke Li,1 Baoan Chen,1,2 Lin Xu,3 Jifeng Feng,3 Guohua Xia,1,2 Jian Cheng,1,2 Jun Wang,1,2 Feng Gao,1,2 Xuemei Wang,41Department of Hematology, Key Medical Disciplines of Jiangsu Province, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, 2Faculty of Oncology, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, 3Department of Thoracic Surgery, Jiangsu Province Cancer Hospital, Jiangsu Province, 4State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: The purpose of this study was to explore whether magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4-MNP loaded with cisplatin (Fe3O4-MNP-DDP can reverse DDP resistance in lung cancer cells and to investigate mechanisms of multidrug resistance in vitro and in vivo. MTT assay showed that DDP inhibited both A549 cells and DDP-resistant A549 cells in a time-dependent and dose-dependent manner, and that this inhibition was enhanced by Fe3O4-MNP. An increased rate of apoptosis was detected in the Fe3O4-MNP-DDP group compared with a control group and the Fe3O4-MNP group by flow cytometry, and typical morphologic features of apoptosis were confirmed by confocal microscopy. Accumulation of intracellular DDP in the Fe3O4-MNP-DDP group was greater than that in the DDP group by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Further, lower levels of multidrug resistance-associated protein-1, lung resistance-related protein, Akt, and Bad, and higher levels of caspase-3 genes and proteins, were demonstrated by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting in the presence of Fe3O4-MNP-DDP. We also demonstrated that Fe3O4-MNP enhanced the effect of DDP on tumor growth in BALB/c nude mice bearing DDP-resistant human A549 xenografts by decreasing localization of lung resistance-related protein and Ki-67 immunoreactivity in cells. There were no apparent signs of toxicity in the animals. Overall, these findings suggest potential clinical application of

  5. CK2 inhibitor CX-4945 blocks TGF-β1-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiyeon Kim

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT is a major phenotype of cancer metastasis and invasion. As a druggable cancer target, the inhibition of protein kinase CK2 (formally named to casein kinase 2 has been suggested as a promising therapeutic strategy to treat EMT-controlled cancer metastasis. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the CK2 inhibitor CX-4945 on the processes of cancer migration and invasion during the EMT in A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of CX-4945 on TGF-β1-induced EMT was evaluated in A549 cells treated with TGF-β1 (5 ng/ml and CX-4945. The effect of CX-4945 on TGF-β1-induced cadherin switch and activation of key signaling molecules involved in Smad, non-Smad, Wnt and focal adhesion signaling pathways were investigated by Western blot analysis, immunocytochemistry and reporter assay. Additionally, the effect of CX-4945 on TGF-β1-induced migration and invasion was investigated by wound healing assay, Boyden chamber assay, gelatin zymography, and the quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: CX-4945 inhibits the TGF-β1-induced cadherin switch and the activation of key signaling molecules involved in Smad (Smad2/3, Twist and Snail, non-Smad (Akt and Erk, Wnt (β-catenin and focal adhesion signaling pathways (FAK, Src and paxillin that cooperatively regulate the overall process of EMT. As a result, CX-4945 inhibits the migration and invasion of A549 cells accompanied with the downregulation of MMP-2 and 9. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical evaluation of CX-4945 in humans as a single agent in solid tumors and multiple myeloma has established its promising pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and safety profiles. Beyond regression of tumor mass, CX-4945 may be advanced as a new therapy for cancer metastasis and EMT-related disorders.

  6. Enhanced sensitivity of A549 cells to the cytotoxic action of anticancer drugs via suppression of Nrf2 by procyanidins from Cinnamomi Cortex extract

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohnuma, Tomokazu; Matsumoto, Takashi; Itoi, Ayano; Kawana, Ayako; Nishiyama, Takahito; Ogura, Kenichiro [Department of Drug Metabolism and Molecular Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji-shi, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Hiratsuka, Akira, E-mail: hiratuka@toyaku.ac.jp [Department of Drug Metabolism and Molecular Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji-shi, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan)

    2011-10-07

    Highlights: {yields} We found a novel inhibitor of Nrf2 known as a chemoresistance factor. {yields} Overexpressed Nrf2 in lung cancer cells was suppressed by Cinnamomi Cortex extract. {yields} Cytotoxic action of anticancer drugs in cells treated with the extract was enhanced. {yields} Procyanidin tetramers and pentamers were active components in suppressing Nrf2. -- Abstract: Nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is an important cytoprotective transcription factor because Nrf2-regulated enzymes play a key role in antioxidant and detoxification processes. Recent studies have reported that lung cancer cells overexpressing Nrf2 exhibit increased resistance to chemotherapy. Suppression of overexpressed Nrf2 is needed for a new therapeutic approach against lung cancers. In the present study, we found that Cinnamomi Cortex extract (CCE) has an ability to suppress Nrf2-regulated enzyme activity and Nrf2 expression in human lung cancer A549 cells with high Nrf2 activity. Moreover, we demonstrated that CCE significantly enhances sensitivity of A549 cells to the cytotoxic action of doxorubicin and etoposide as well as increasing the intracellular accumulation of both drugs. These results suggest that CCE might be an effective concomitant agent to reduce anticancer drug resistance derived from Nrf2 overexpression. Bioactivity-guided fractionation revealed that procyanidin tetramers and pentamers contained in CCE were active components in suppressing Nrf2.

  7. Legionella pneumophila infection induces programmed cell death, caspase activation, and release of high-mobility group box 1 protein in A549 alveolar epithelial cells: inhibition by methyl prednisolone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koide Michio

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Legionella pneumophila pneumonia often exacerbates acute lung injury (ALI and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS. Apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells is considered to play an important role in the pathogenesis of ALI and ARDS. In this study, we investigated the precise mechanism by which A549 alveolar epithelial cells induced by L. pneumophila undergo apoptosis. We also studied the effect of methyl prednisolone on apoptosis in these cells. Methods Nuclear deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA fragmentation and caspase activation in L. pneumophila-infected A549 alveolar epithelial cells were assessed using the terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated triphosphate (dUTP-biotin nick end labeling method (TUNEL method and colorimetric caspase activity assays. The virulent L. pneumophila strain AA100jm and the avirulent dotO mutant were used and compared in this study. In addition, we investigated whether methyl prednisolone has any influence on nuclear DNA fragmentation and caspase activation in A549 alveolar epithelial cells infected with L. pneumophila. Results The virulent strain of L. pneumophila grew within A549 alveolar epithelial cells and induced subsequent cell death in a dose-dependent manner. The avirulent strain dotO mutant showed no such effect. The virulent strains of L. pneumophila induced DNA fragmentation (shown by TUNEL staining and activation of caspases 3, 8, 9, and 1 in A549 cells, while the avirulent strain did not. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1 protein was released from A549 cells infected with virulent Legionella. Methyl prednisolone (53.4 μM did not influence the intracellular growth of L. pneumophila within alveolar epithelial cells, but affected DNA fragmentation and caspase activation of infected A549 cells. Conclusion Infection of A549 alveolar epithelial cells with L. pneumophila caused programmed cell death, activation of various caspases, and release of HMGB1. The dot/icm system, a

  8. 多肽修饰载紫杉醇脂质体靶向A549肺癌干细胞的研究%Study on the ability of specific-binding peptide modified liposome loaded paclitaxel targeting A549 lung cancer stem cell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡华荣; 江跃全

    2014-01-01

    Objective To prepare CD133 specific-binding peptide conjugated liposome loaded paclitaxel and evaluate the efficiency of cellular uptake and the ability of inhibiting A549 lung cancer stem cell.Methods Liposomes were prepared by film-ultrasonic method.The partical size,zeta-potential and entrapment efficiency of liposomes were evaluated.Cellular uptake effciency of A549 lung cancer stem cell for liposomes were explored.The anti-proliferation efficiency of TLP-PTX to A549 lung cancer stem cell was evaluated by MTT assay.Tumor spheroids were used to evaluate anti-tumor ability of TLP-PTX to A549 lung cancer stem cell. Results The particle diameter of TLP-PTX was (115.8 ±8.3)nm and the entrapment efficiency of PTX was 88.5%.CD133 specific-binding peptide could enhance the efficiency of cellar uptake.The uptaken efficiency of TLP by A549 lung cancer stem cell were 2.6 times higher than that of LP(P<0.05 ).The MTT Results showed that the toxicity of TLP-PTX on A549 lung cancer stem cell was significantly stronger than LP-PTX and paclitaxel solution(P<0.05 ).The tumor inhibition test results showed that TLP-PTX has good anti-tumor effect. Conclusion TLP-PTX can specifically recognize the surface marker CD133 of A549 lung cancer stem cell,facilitate liposomes into cells and inhibit A549 lung cancer stem cell proliferation.TLP-PTX is an effective drug delivery system targeting to A549 lung cancer stem cell.%目的:制备与肺癌干细胞标志物CD133具有高度亲和力的多肽修饰载紫杉醇脂质体(CD133 specific-binding peptide conjugated paclitaxel loaded liposome,TLP-PTX),考察TLP-PTX与A549肺癌干细胞的结合能力及其对A549肺癌干细胞和肺癌干细胞移植瘤的抑制作用。方法采用薄膜分散法制备TLP-PTX,观察其粒径,电位及紫杉醇的包封率等理化性质。采用细胞摄取实验和肿瘤球穿透实验考察TLP-PTX与A549肺癌干细胞的亲和力。通过MTT实验和肺癌干细胞肿瘤球抑制实

  9. An Experimental Study on Effects of Distilled White-ginseng Herbal Acupuncture on A549 human ephithelial lung cancer cell in vitro and implanted Sarcoma-180 in vivo

    OpenAIRE

    Jong-Seong We; Ki-Rok Kwon; Hee-Soo Park

    2004-01-01

    Objectives : In order to investigate effects and immune improvement of distilled white-ginseng herbal extract, expression of Cox-1, Cox-2, and mRNA of Bcl-2 and Bax were analyzed in A549 cell in vivo. Survival time and expression of cytokine mRNA were measured for the mice with Sarcoma-180 induced abdominal cancer. Methods : Balb/c mouse was treated with distilled white-ginseng Herbal Acupuncture at Wisu(BL21) and Chung-wan(CV12) to investigate anti-cancer effects and immune response. R...

  10. An Experimental Study on Effects of Distilled Red-ginseng Herbal Acupuncture on A549 human ephithelial lung cancer cell in vitro and implanted Sarcoma-180

    OpenAIRE

    Seung Hwan Won; Ki-Rok, Kwon; Sun-Gu, Lee

    2004-01-01

    Objectives : In order to investigate effects and immune improvement of distilled red-ginseng herbal Acupuncture, expression of Cox-1, Cox-2, and mRNA of Bcl-2 and Bax were analyzed in A549 cell in vivo. Survival time and expression of cytokine mRNA were measured for the mice with Sarcoma-180 induced abdominal cancer. Methods : Balb/c mouse was treated with distilled red-ginseng Herbal Acupuncture at Wisu(BL21) and Chung- wan(CV12) to investigate anti-cancer effects and immune response. ...

  11. HIF-1对乏氧人肺腺癌 A549细胞侵袭、迁徙能力的影响及其机制%Impact of hypoxia inducible factor-1 on tumor invasion and metastasis in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells under hypoxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪昆; 李芳; 黄瓅; 胡成平

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the role of hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1 )in tumor metastasis and invasion in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells under hypoxia.Methods CoCl2 was used to establish chemical hypoxia model of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells.HIF-1-specific inhibitor YC-1 was added to block the expression of HIF-1.Western blot,immune-chemistry and real time-PCR were used to examine the protein and mRNA expressions of HIF-1αand S100A4.Capability of cellular invasion and migration were detected by transwell booth model.Results Compared with normoxic group,HIF-1αand S100A4 were over-expressed,capability of cellular invasion and migration increased in A549 cells of CoCl2 group.However,when HIF-1α expression was specifically inhibited by YC-1,the expression of S100A4 was depressed both at protein and mRNA level,the ability of invasion and migration attenuated in A549 cells of YC-1 group.Conclusions HIF-1 may be able to promote invasion and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma cells through up-regulating S100A4.%目的:探索低氧诱导因子-1(HIF-1)对乏氧人肺腺癌 A549细胞侵袭及迁徙能力的影响及可能机制。方法采用氯化钴建立人肺腺癌 A549细胞体外化学乏氧模型。给予 HIF-1α特异性抑制剂YC-1抑制 A549细胞 HIF-1α的表达;通过 Western blot、免疫细胞化学、real time-PCR 检测 HIF-1α、S100A4蛋白及 mRNA 的表达;Transwell 小室模型检测 A549细胞 侵 袭 及 迁 徙 能 力。结果乏氧组A549细胞 HIF-1α、S100A4表达较常氧组增加,侵袭及迁徙能力较常氧组增强。YC-1干扰 HIF-1α表达后,YC-1组 A549细胞侵袭及迁徙能力减弱,S100A4蛋白及 mRNA 表达均降低。结论 HIF-1可能通过上调 S100A4的表达促进乏氧人肺腺癌 A549细胞侵袭及迁徙的能力。

  12. Growth arrest of lung carcinoma cells (A549) by polyacrylate-anchored peroxovanadate by activating Rac1-NADPH oxidase signalling axis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Nirupama; Anwar, Tarique; Islam, Nashreen S; Ramasarma, T; Ramakrishna, Gayatri

    2016-09-01

    Hydrogen peroxide is often required in sublethal, millimolar concentrations to show its oxidant effects on cells in culture as it is easily destroyed by cellular catalase. Previously, we had shown that diperoxovanadate, a physiologically stable peroxovanadium compound, can substitute H2O2 effectively in peroxidation reactions. We report here that peroxovanadate when anchored to polyacrylic acid (PAPV) becomes a highly potent inhibitor of growth of lung carcinoma cells (A549). The early events associated with PAPV treatment included cytoskeletal modifications, increase in GTPase activity of Rac1, accumulation of the reactive oxygen species, and also increase in phosphorylation of H2AX (γH2AX), a marker of DNA damage. These effects persisted even at 24 h after removal of the compound and culminated in increased levels of p53 and p21 together with growth arrest. The PAPV-mediated growth arrest was significantly abrogated in cells pre-treated with the N-acetylcysteine, Rac1 knocked down by siRNA and DPI an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase. In conclusion, our results show that polyacrylate derivative of peroxovanadate efficiently arrests growth of A549 cancerous cells by activating the axis of Rac1-NADPH oxidase leading to oxidative stress and DNA damage. PMID:27435854

  13. Migration-stimulating factor (MSF) is over-expressed in non-small cell lung cancer and promotes cell migration and invasion in A549 cells over-expressing MSF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deng, Xuefeng, E-mail: dengxfdoctor@hotmail.com [Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, Forth Military Medical University (China); Department of Cardio-thoracic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical Sciences (China); Ma, Qunfeng [Department of Cardio-thoracic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical Sciences (China); Zhang, Bo [Department of Pathology, Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical Sciences (China); Jiang, Hong [College of Life Sciences and Bioengineering, Beijing Jiaotong University (China); Zhang, Zhipei; Wang, Yunjie [Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, Forth Military Medical University (China)

    2013-10-15

    Migration-stimulating factor (MSF), an oncofetal truncated isoform of fibronectin, is a potent stimulator of cell invasion. However, its distribution and motogenic role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have never been identified. In this study, real-time PCR and immunohistochemical staining (IHC) were performed to detect MSF mRNA and protein levels in tumor tissues and matched adjacent tumor-free tissues. Furthermore, to examine the effect of MSF on invasiveness, MSF was upregulated in A549 cells. The invasiveness and viability of A549 cells were then determined using a transwell migration assay and the 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) viability assays, respectively. The expression level of MSF in NSCLC tissue was markedly higher than in matched adjacent tumor-free tissue. Additionally, the level of MSF protein expression in stage III and IV NSCLC samples was higher than in stage I and II NSCLC samples. More importantly, we also demonstrated that migration and invasion of A549 cells increased substantially after upregulating MSF, although proliferation remained unchanged. Meanwhile, we found no correlation between increasing motility and invasiveness of MSF-overexpressing cells and expression levels and activities of matrix metalloprotease MMP-2 and MMP-9. Our current study shows that MSF plays a role in migration and invasion of A549 cells and suggests that MSF may be a potential biomarker of NSCLC progression. - Highlights: • MSF expression was upregulated in NSCLC and correlated with TNM stages. • MSF may be a new biomarker for NSCLC progression. • MSF promoted migration and invasion in A549 cells, independent of MMP-2/MMP-9 expression.

  14. Reversal Effects of Piperlongumine on Drug Resistance of Human Lung Caner A549/DDP Cell to Cisplatin%荜茇酰胺对人肺癌A549/DDP细胞耐药性的逆转作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱钧强; 孙蓓; 房志仲

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究荜茇酰胺对人肺癌A549/顺铂(DDP)细胞耐药性的逆转作用.方法:A549/DDP细胞经0、20、30 μmol/L荜茇酰胺作用48h后,用MTS法检测肿瘤细胞抑制率;流式细胞术检测肿瘤细胞凋亡、细胞周期、P-糖蛋白(P-gp)表达和肿瘤细胞内罗丹明Rht123含量的变化;Western blotting法检测多药耐药基因(MDR)1、多药耐药相关蛋白(MRP)1、DNA拓扑异构酶(Top)Ⅱ、谷胱甘肽S-转移酶(GST)-π、凋亡抑制蛋白Survivin、周期蛋白依赖性蛋白激酶(CDK)1和蛋白激酶(PK)Cζ蛋白表达;实时荧光聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)法检测MDR1、MRP1、Top-Ⅱ、GST-π、Survivin和CDKl mRNA表达;酶标仪检测含半胱氨酸的天冬氨酸蛋白水解酶(Caspase)-3、8活性.结果:A549/DDP细胞经0、20、30 μmol/L荜茇酰胺作用48 h后,DDP对肿瘤细胞增殖的抑制率明显升高;与0 μmol/L比较,20、30μmol/L荜茇酰胺作用48 h后,DDP导致的细胞凋亡率和G2期/M期明显升高,P-gp表达明显减弱,Rh-123浓度明显增加,MDR1、MRP1、Top-Ⅱ、GST-π、Survivin、CDK1和PKCζ蛋白表达明显减弱,MDR1、MRP1、Top-Ⅱ、GST-π、Survivin、CDKmRNA表达明显减弱,Caspase-3、8的活性明显增强.结论:荜茇酰胺可逆转人肺癌A549/DDP细胞DDP耐药性,可能与其调节多药耐药相关基因表达有关.

  15. Water soluble and insoluble components of urban PM2.5 and their cytotoxic effects on epithelial cells (A549) in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Yajuan; Jin, Chengyu; Su, Yue; Li, Jiaru; Zhu, Bangshang

    2016-05-01

    When PM2.5 enters human bodies, the water soluble (WS-PM2.5) and insoluble components (WIS-PM2.5) of PM2.5 would interact with cells and cause adverse effects. However, the knowledge about the individual toxicity contribution of these two components is limited. In this study, the physiochemical properties of PM2.5 were well characterized. The toxic effects of WS-PM2.5 and WIS-PM2.5, which include the cell viability, cell membrane damage, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and morphological changes, were examined with human lung epithelial A549 cells in vitro. The results indicated that WS-PM2.5 could induce the early response of ROS generation, multiplied mitochondria and multi-lamellar bodies in A549 cells, which might cause cell damage through oxidative stress. Meanwhile, WIS-PM2.5 was predominantly associated with the cell membrane disruption, which might lead to the cell damage through cell-particle interactions. Moreover, the synergistic cytotoxic effects of WS-PM2.5 and WIS-PM2.5 were observed at longer exposure time. These findings demonstrate the different cytotoxicity mechanisms of WS-PM2.5 and WIS-PM2.5, which suggest that not only the size and dosage of PM2.5 but also the solubility of PM2.5 should be taken into consideration when evaluating the toxicity of PM2.5. PMID:27039898

  16. Role of miR-155 in invasion and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells%miR-155在肺腺癌 A549细胞侵袭和转移中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程田力; 胡成平; 李敏; 顾其华; 安健

    2016-01-01

    拟物对照组、miR-155抑制剂组和 miR-155抑制剂对照组的 PTEN 蛋白相对表达水平分别为0.4±0.1、1.0±0.3、2.8±0.2和1.4±0.1。 miR-155模拟物组与miR-155模拟物对照组、miR-155抑制剂组与 miR-155抑制剂对照组的 PTEN mRNA 和蛋白表达差异均有统计学意义(均 P<0.05)。结论miR-155可能是通过下调靶基因 PTEN 的表达而促进肺腺癌的侵袭和转移。%Objective To investigate the role and mechanism of miR-155 in invasion and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells.Methods Real-time PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization were used to detect the miR-155 expression in patients′lung adenocarcinoma and adjacent tissue and lymph nodes.Scratch test and Transwell migration assay were used to assess the effect of miR-155 on the A549 cell migration and invasion capability.Bioinformatics software was used to predict the target genes of miR-155, and using luciferase to assay the target gene.Western blot and real-time PCR were performed to confirm the role of miR-155 expression in the regulation of target gene PTEN.Results The real-time quantitative PCR showed that the miR-155 expression levels in adjacent normal tissue, lung adenocarcinoma and metastatic lymph nodes were 4.1±0.5, 9.6±3.1 and 7.8±2.2, respectively.The in situ hybridization showed that the expression rates of miR-155 in the adjacent normal tissue, lung adenocarcinoma and metastatic lymph nodes were (23.2±15.3)%, (75.4±20.2 )% and (60.4±25.1)%,respectively.The Scratch assay showed that the wound healing rates in the miR-155 mimics group, miR-155 mimics NC group, miR-155 inhibitor group and miR-155 inhibitor NC group at 24 h were (43.2±2.2)%, (21.3±4.2)%, (24.3±5.3)%, and (35.2± 5.1)%, and that at 48 h were (75.2±4.5)%, (52.6±5.2)%, (39.4±4.2)%, and( 51.5±4.3)%, respectively.Dual luciferase reporter gene assay showed that the value of the luciferase in the miR -155 mimics group co-transfected with PTEN 3

  17. Proteomic response to 5,6-dimethylxanthenone 4-acetic acid (DMXAA, vadimezan) in human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells determined by the stable-isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Shu-Ting; Zhou, Zhi-Wei; He, Zhi-Xu; Zhang, Xueji; Yang, Tianxin; Yang, Yin-Xue; Wang, Dong; Qiu, Jia-Xuan; Zhou, Shu-Feng

    2015-01-01

    5,6-Dimethylxanthenone 4-acetic acid (DMXAA), also known as ASA404 and vadimezan, is a potent tumor blood vessel-disrupting agent and cytokine inducer used alone or in combination with other cytotoxic agents for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and other cancers. However, the latest Phase III clinical trial has shown frustrating outcomes in the treatment of NSCLC, since the therapeutic targets and underlying mechanism for the anticancer effect of DMXAA are not yet fully understood. This study aimed to examine the proteomic response to DMXAA and unveil the global molecular targets and possible mechanisms for the anticancer effect of DMXAA in NSCLC A549 cells using a stable-isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) approach. The proteomic data showed that treatment with DMXAA modulated the expression of 588 protein molecules in A549 cells, with 281 protein molecules being up regulated and 306 protein molecules being downregulated. Ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA) identified 256 signaling pathways and 184 cellular functional proteins that were regulated by DMXAA in A549 cells. These targeted molecules and signaling pathways were mostly involved in cell proliferation and survival, redox homeostasis, sugar, amino acid and nucleic acid metabolism, cell migration, and invasion and programed cell death. Subsequently, the effects of DMXAA on cell cycle distribution, apoptosis, autophagy, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation were experimentally verified. Flow cytometric analysis showed that DMXAA significantly induced G1 phase arrest in A549 cells. Western blotting assays demonstrated that DMXAA induced apoptosis via a mitochondria-dependent pathway and promoted autophagy, as indicated by the increased level of cytosolic cytochrome c, activation of caspase 3, and enhanced expression of beclin 1 and microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B-light chain 3 (LC3-II) in A549 cells. Moreover, DMXAA significantly promoted intracellular ROS

  18. Identification of a Short Cell-Penetrating Peptide from Bovine Lactoferricin for Intracellular Delivery of DNA in Human A549 Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Betty R; Huang, Yue-Wern; Aronstam, Robert S; Lee, Han-Jung

    2016-01-01

    Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have been shown to deliver cargos, including protein, DNA, RNA, and nanomaterials, in fully active forms into live cells. Most of the CPP sequences in use today are based on non-native proteins that may be immunogenic. Here we demonstrate that the L5a CPP (RRWQW) from bovine lactoferricin (LFcin), stably and noncovalently complexed with plasmid DNA and prepared at an optimal nitrogen/phosphate ratio of 12, is able to efficiently enter into human lung cancer A549 cells. The L5a CPP delivered a plasmid containing the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) coding sequence that was subsequently expressed in cells, as revealed by real-time PCR and fluorescent microscopy at the mRNA and protein levels, respectively. Treatment with calcium chloride increased the level of gene expression, without affecting CPP-mediated transfection efficiency. Zeta-potential analysis revealed that positively electrostatic interactions of CPP/DNA complexes correlated with CPP-mediated transport. The L5a and L5a/DNA complexes were not cytotoxic. This biomimetic LFcin L5a represents one of the shortest effective CPPs and could be a promising lead peptide with less immunogenic for DNA delivery in gene therapy.

  19. Multidimensional effects of biologically synthesized silver nanoparticles in Helicobacter pylori, Helicobacter felis, and human lung (L132) and lung carcinoma A549 cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurunathan, Sangiliyandi; Jeong, Jae-Kyo; Han, Jae Woong; Zhang, Xi-Feng; Park, Jung Hyun; Kim, Jin-Hoi

    2015-02-01

    Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are prominent group of nanomaterials and are recognized for their diverse applications in various health sectors. This study aimed to synthesize the AgNPs using the leaf extract of Artemisia princeps as a bio-reductant. Furthermore, we evaluated the multidimensional effect of the biologically synthesized AgNPs in Helicobacter pylori, Helicobacter felis, and human lung (L132) and lung carcinoma (A549) cells. UV-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy confirmed the synthesis of AgNPs. X-ray diffraction (XRD) indicated that the AgNPs are specifically indexed to a crystal structure. The results from Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) indicate that biomolecules are involved in the synthesis and stabilization of AgNPs. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) studies showed the average size distribution of the particle between 10 and 40 nm, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirmed that the AgNPs were significantly well separated and spherical with an average size of 20 nm. AgNPs caused dose-dependent decrease in cell viability and biofilm formation and increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and DNA fragmentation in H. pylori and H. felis. Furthermore, AgNPs induced mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis in A549 cells; conversely, AgNPs had no significant effects on L132 cells. The results from this study suggest that AgNPs could cause cell-specific apoptosis in mammalian cells. Our findings demonstrate that this environmentally friendly method for the synthesis of AgNPs and that the prepared AgNPs have multidimensional effects such as anti-bacterial and anti-biofilm activity against H. pylori and H. felis and also cytotoxic effects against human cancer cells. This report describes comprehensively the effects of AgNPs on bacteria and mammalian cells. We believe that biologically synthesized AgNPs will open a new avenue towards various biotechnological and biomedical applications in the near future.

  20. Targeting Hsp90 with small molecule inhibitors induces the over-expression of the anti-apoptotic molecule, survivin, in human A549, HONE-1 and HT-29 cancer cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyu Kevin W

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Survivin is a dual functioning protein. It inhibits the apoptosis of cancer cells by inhibiting caspases, and also promotes cancer cell growth by stabilizing microtubules during mitosis. Since the molecular chaperone Hsp90 binds and stabilizes survivin, it is widely believed that down-regulation of survivin is one of the important therapeutic functions of Hsp90 inhibitors such as the phase III clinically trialed compound 17-AAG. However, Hsp90 interferes with a number of molecules that up-regulate the intracellular level of survivin, raising the question that clinical use of Hsp90 inhibitors may indirectly induce survivin expression and subsequently enhance cancer anti-drug responses. The purpose of this study is to determine whether targeting Hsp90 can alter survivin expression differently in different cancer cell lines and to explore possible mechanisms that cause the alteration in survivin expression. Results Here, we demonstrated that Hsp90 inhibitors, geldanamycin and 17-AAG, induced the over-expression of survivin in three different human cancer cell lines as shown by Western blotting. Increased survivin mRNA transcripts were observed in 17-AAG and geldanamycin-treated HT-29 and HONE-1 cancer cells. Interestingly, real-time PCR and translation inhibition studies revealed that survivin was over-expressed partially through the up-regulation of protein translation instead of gene transcription in A549 cancer cells. In addition, 17-AAG-treated A549, HONE-1 and HT-29 cells showed reduced proteasomal activity while inhibition of 26S proteasome activity further increased the amount of survivin protein in cells. At the functional level, down-regulation of survivin by siRNA further increased the drug sensitivity to 17-AAG in the tested cancer cell lines. Conclusions We showed for the first time that down-regulation of survivin is not a definite therapeutic function of Hsp90 inhibitors. Instead, targeting Hsp90 with small

  1. STAT3、CEA在人肺腺癌细胞A594中的相关性研究%Correlation of STAT3, CEA in lung adenocarcinoma cell A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Debin Sun; Xiu Lan; Hongcheng Wang

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in lung adenocarcinoma cell A549, and to explore the value of STAT3 on early diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: The expression of CEA, STAT3 mRNA and it's protein in human lung adenocarcinoma cell A549 and normal human lung cells MRC-5 were tested by immunohistochemistry staining (PV) and quantitative real time fluorescent PCR. The correlation between STAT3 and CEA in human lung adenocarcinoma cell A549 was analyzed. Results: The protein and mRNA levels of STAT3, CEA in lung adenocarcinoma cell A549 were apparently higher than those in normal human lung cells MRC-5. The levels of STAT3 mRNA and it's protein were positively correlated with CEA in lung adenocarcinoma cell A549. Conclusion: STAT3 have the same value in diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma.

  2. Human Noxin is an anti-apoptotic protein in response to DNA damage of A549 non-small cell lung carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Won, Kyoung-Jae; Im, Joo-Young; Yun, Chae-Ok; Chung, Kyung-Sook; Kim, Young Joo; Lee, Jung-Sun; Jung, Young-Jin; Kim, Bo-Kyung; Song, Kyung Bin; Kim, Young-Ho; Chun, Ho-Kyung; Jung, Kyeong Eun; Kim, Moon-Hee; Won, Misun

    2014-06-01

    Human Noxin (hNoxin, C11Orf82), a homolog of mouse noxin, is highly expressed in colorectal and lung cancer tissues. hNoxin contains a DNA-binding C-domain in RPA1, which mediates DNA metabolic processes, such as DNA replication and DNA repair. Expression of hNoxin is associated with S phase in cancer cells and in normal cells. Expression of hNoxin was induced by ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. Knockdown of hNoxin caused growth inhibition of colorectal and lung cancer cells. The comet assay and western blot analysis revealed that hNoxin knockdown induced apoptosis through activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/p53 in non-small cell lung carcinoma A549 cells. Furthermore, simultaneous hNoxin knockdown and treatment with DNA-damaging agents, such as camptothecin (CPT) and UV irradiation, enhanced apoptosis, whereas Trichostatin A (TSA) did not. However, transient overexpression of hNoxin rescued cells from DNA damage-induced apoptosis but did not block apoptosis in the absence of DNA damage. These results suggest that hNoxin may be associated with inhibition of apoptosis in response to DNA damage. An adenovirus expressing a short hairpin RNA against hNoxin transcripts significantly suppressed the growth of A549 tumor xenografts, indicating that hNoxin knockdown has in vivo anti-tumor efficacy. Thus, hNoxin is a DNA damage-induced anti-apoptotic protein and potential therapeutic target in cancer.

  3. Study of the synergistic effects of all-transretinoic acid and C-phycocyanin on the growth and apoptosis of A549 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Bing; Gao, Mei-Hua; Lv, Cong-Yi; Yang, Peng; Yin, Qi-Feng

    2016-03-01

    In the present study, we investigated the effects of the combination of all-transretinoic acid (ATRA) and natural nontoxic C-phycocyanin (C-PC) on the growth of A549 lung cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, the anticancer mechanism of the drug combination was revealed. Results showed both C-PC and ATRA could inhibit the growth of A549 cells in vivo. The combination of ATRA+C-PC could yield a higher inhibition rate. C-PC exerted a major effect on the proliferation of human embryo lung cells, but ATRA at a high concentration exerted an inhibitory effect. In addition, ATRA+C-PC could decrease the CDK4 mRNA level, but upregulated caspase-3 protein expression and induced cell apoptosis. A mouse model with tumor was constructed by a subcutaneous injection to the left axilla of nu nude (NU/NU) mice. Compared with the control group, the tumor weight was decreased in the single-drug treatment group and was the lowest in the combination group. C-PC+ATRA could upregulate tumor necrosis factor levels and downregulate Bcl-2 expression and the cyclin D1 gene in the tumor. C-PC could promote T cells' activities and spleen weight, but a single use of ATRA exerted an opposite effect. The dosage of ATRA could be reduced when combined with C-PC to reduce the toxic side-effects. In summary, the antitumor effects of the C-PC+ATRA combination were more significant than a single drug in vivo and in vitro. PMID:25812039

  4. Mimulone-induced autophagy through p53-mediated AMPK/mTOR pathway increases caspase-mediated apoptotic cell death in A549 human lung cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Hyun-Kyu; Kim, Kyoung-Sook; Lee, Ji-Won; Park, Mi-Hyun; Moon, Hyung-In; Park, Shin-Ji; Baik, Ji-Sue; Kim, Cheorl-Ho; Lee, Young-Choon

    2014-01-01

    Anticancer properties and mechanisms of mimulone (MML), C-geranylflavonoid isolated from the Paulownia tomentosa fruits, were firstly elucidated in this study. MML prevented cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent way and triggered apoptosis through the extrinsic pathway in A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Furthermore, MML-treated cells displayed autophagic features, such as the formation of autophagic vacuoles, a primary morphological feature of autophagy, and the accumulation of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) puncta, another typical maker of autophagy, as determined by FITC-conjugated immunostaining and monodansylcadaverine (MDC) staining, respectively. The expression levels of LC3-I and LC3-II, specific markers of autophagy, were also augmented by MML treatment. Autophagy inhibition by 3-methyladenine (3-MA), pharmacological autophagy inhibitor, and shRNA knockdown of Beclin-1 reduced apoptotic cell death induced by MML. Autophagic flux was not significantly affected by MML treatment and lysosomal inhibitor, chloroquine (CQ) suppressed MML-induced autophagy and apoptosis. MML-induced autophagy was promoted by decreases in p53 and p-mTOR levels and increase of p-AMPK. Moreover, inhibition of p53 transactivation by pifithrin-α (PFT-α) and knockdown of p53 enhanced induction of autophagy and finally promoted apoptotic cell death. Overall, the results demonstrate that autophagy contributes to the cytotoxicity of MML in cancer cells harboring wild-type p53. This study strongly suggests that MML is a potential candidate for an anticancer agent targeting both autophagy and apoptotic cell death in human lung cancer. Moreover, co-treatment of MML and p53 inhibitor would be more effective in human lung cancer therapy. PMID:25490748

  5. Mimulone-induced autophagy through p53-mediated AMPK/mTOR pathway increases caspase-mediated apoptotic cell death in A549 human lung cancer cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyun-Kyu An

    Full Text Available Anticancer properties and mechanisms of mimulone (MML, C-geranylflavonoid isolated from the Paulownia tomentosa fruits, were firstly elucidated in this study. MML prevented cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent way and triggered apoptosis through the extrinsic pathway in A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Furthermore, MML-treated cells displayed autophagic features, such as the formation of autophagic vacuoles, a primary morphological feature of autophagy, and the accumulation of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3 puncta, another typical maker of autophagy, as determined by FITC-conjugated immunostaining and monodansylcadaverine (MDC staining, respectively. The expression levels of LC3-I and LC3-II, specific markers of autophagy, were also augmented by MML treatment. Autophagy inhibition by 3-methyladenine (3-MA, pharmacological autophagy inhibitor, and shRNA knockdown of Beclin-1 reduced apoptotic cell death induced by MML. Autophagic flux was not significantly affected by MML treatment and lysosomal inhibitor, chloroquine (CQ suppressed MML-induced autophagy and apoptosis. MML-induced autophagy was promoted by decreases in p53 and p-mTOR levels and increase of p-AMPK. Moreover, inhibition of p53 transactivation by pifithrin-α (PFT-α and knockdown of p53 enhanced induction of autophagy and finally promoted apoptotic cell death. Overall, the results demonstrate that autophagy contributes to the cytotoxicity of MML in cancer cells harboring wild-type p53. This study strongly suggests that MML is a potential candidate for an anticancer agent targeting both autophagy and apoptotic cell death in human lung cancer. Moreover, co-treatment of MML and p53 inhibitor would be more effective in human lung cancer therapy.

  6. Separation of an aqueous extract Inonotus obliquus (Chaga). A novel look at the efficiency of its influence on proliferation of A549 human lung carcinoma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazurkiewicz, Witold; Rydel, Katarzyna; Pogocki, Dariusz; Lemieszek, Marta Kinga; Langner, Ewa; Rzeski, Wojciech

    2010-01-01

    Aqueous extract of Inonotus obliquus was hydrolyzed in dilute hydrochloric acid. The products were extracted applying organic solvents, and separated chromatographically on a silica gel-packed column. Eluted fractions were analyzed by means of GC-MS. The presence of hydrocarbons, alcohols, phenols and various carbonyl compounds in analyzed fractions has been detected and quantified. Preliminarily experiments on the influence of certain separated samples on the proliferation of A549 human lung carcinoma cells were performed. Therefore, we hypothesize that the major antiproliferative effects are related to the presence of benzaldehyde, which is a benzyl alcohol metabolite formed in situ in the cells culture with the yield moderated by the presence of trace amounts of "high molecular mass compounds". PMID:20635536

  7. Cell cycle synchronization and BrdU incorporation as a tool to study the possible selective elimination of ErbB1 gene in the micronuclei in A549 cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lauand, C.; Niero, E.L.; Dias, V.M.; Machado-Santelli, G.M. [Departamento de Biologia Celular e do Desenvolvimento, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2015-03-06

    Lung cancer often exhibits molecular changes, such as the overexpression of the ErbB1 gene that encodes epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). ErbB1 amplification and mutation are associated with tumor aggressiveness and low response to therapy. The aim of the present study was to design a schedule to synchronize the cell cycle of A549 cell line (a non-small cell lung cancer) and to analyze the possible association between the micronuclei (MNs) and the extrusion of ErbB1 gene extra-copies. After double blocking, by the process of fetal bovine serum deprivation and vincristine treatment, MNs formation was monitored with 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation, which is an S-phase marker. Statistical analyses allowed us to infer that MNs may arise both in mitosis as well as in interphase. The MNs were able to replicate their DNA and this process seemed to be non-synchronous with the main cell nuclei. The presence of ErbB1 gene in the MNs was evaluated by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). ErbB1 sequences were detected in the MNs, but a relation between the MNs formation and extrusion of amplified ErbB1could not be established. The present study sought to elucidate the meaning of MNs formation and its association with the elimination of oncogenes or other amplified sequences from the tumor cells.

  8. Cell cycle synchronization and BrdU incorporation as a tool to study the possible selective elimination of ErbB1 gene in the micronuclei in A549 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Lauand

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Lung cancer often exhibits molecular changes, such as the overexpression of the ErbB1 gene that encodes epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR. ErbB1 amplification and mutation are associated with tumor aggressiveness and low response to therapy. The aim of the present study was to design a schedule to synchronize the cell cycle of A549 cell line (a non-small cell lung cancer and to analyze the possible association between the micronuclei (MNs and the extrusion of ErbB1 gene extra-copies. After double blocking, by the process of fetal bovine serum deprivation and vincristine treatment, MNs formation was monitored with 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU incorporation, which is an S-phase marker. Statistical analyses allowed us to infer that MNs may arise both in mitosis as well as in interphase. The MNs were able to replicate their DNA and this process seemed to be non-synchronous with the main cell nuclei. The presence of ErbB1 gene in the MNs was evaluated by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH. ErbB1 sequences were detected in the MNs, but a relation between the MNs formation and extrusion of amplified ErbB1could not be established. The present study sought to elucidate the meaning of MNs formation and its association with the elimination of oncogenes or other amplified sequences from the tumor cells.

  9. The Study on Anti-cancer Effects of Distilling Fresh-ginseng Herbal acupuncture against implanted Sarcoma-180 in vivo and A549 human epithelial lung cancer cells in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hae-Young Jang

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives : This study was to investigate the anti-cancer effects of herbal acupuncture with distilled fresh ginseng. The herbal acupuncture was injected to Chung-wan(C.V12 and Wisu(BL21 of mice that were subjected to Sarcoma-180 abdominal cancer cell and A549 human epithelial lung cancer cells in vitro. Methods : Anti-cancer effects of distilled fresh ginseng herbal acupuncture were tested by measruing Cox, Bcl-2, and Bax by using RT-PCR in A549 human epithelial lung cancer cells in vitro. And four weeks old Balb/c line male mice weighing around 20±3g were used to measure survival rate and anti-cancer effect to outputs of interleukin-2 and interleukin-4 using flow cytometry, possibility of mRNA menifestation using RT-PCR, and Cox mRNA. The results are as follows. Results : 1. In measuring mRNA menifestation in Cox, Bcl-2, and Bax by using RT-PCR in A549 human epithelial lung cancer cells in vitro, the result showed that fresh ginseng decreased Cox-2 which is directly involved in inflammation process. 2. Survival rate was measured in an anti-cancer effect experiment against Sarcoma-180 abdorminal cancer. Median survival time of controlled group was 27 days, of experiment group I was 21 days, and of experiment group II was 27 days. Therefore, experiment group I showed -22.2% increase in survival rate and experiment group II showed no difference compare to controlled group. 3. There was no difference between condition group and controlled and experiment group in measuring outputs of interleukin-2 and interleukin 4 by using flow cytometry 4. In measuring outputs of interleukin-2 by using ELISA, there was no significant difference between condition group and controlled group and there was decrease in experiment group II compared to conditioned and controlled group. 5. In measuring cytokine mRNA menifestation by using RT-PCR, experiment group I showed increase of mRNA menifestation in interleukin-2,4 and interferon-γ and experiment group II showed

  10. E2F1 enhances 8-chloro-adenosine-induced G2/M arrest and apoptosis in A549 and H1299 lung cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Hong-Ying; Cao, Ji-Xiang; Qi, Jun-Juan; Wu, Guo-Sheng; Li, Shu-Yan; An, Guo-Shun; Jia, Hong-Ti; Cai, Wang-Wei; Ni, Ju-Hua

    2012-03-01

    The E2F1 transcription factor is a well known regulator of cell proliferation and apoptosis, but its role in response to DNA damage is less clear. 8-Chloro-adenosine (8-Cl-Ado), a nucleoside analog, can inhibit proliferation in a variety of human tumor cells. However, it is still elusive how the agent acts on tumors. Here we show that A549 and H1299 cells formed DNA double-strand breaks after 8-Cl-Ado exposure, accompanied by E2F1 upregulation at protein level. Overexpressed wild-type (E2F1-wt) colocalized with double-strand break marker γ-H2AX and promoted G2/M arrest in 8-Cl-Ado-exposed A549 and H1299, while expressed S31A mutant of E2F1 (E2F1-mu) significantly reduced ability to accumulate at sites of DNA damage and G2/M arrest, suggesting that E2F1 is required for activating G2/M checkpoint pathway upon DNA damage. Transfection of either E2F1-wt or E2F1-mu plasmid promoted apoptosis in 8-Cl-Ado-exposed cells, indicating that 8-Cl-Ado may induce apoptosis in E2F1-dependent and E2F1-independent ways. These findings demonstrate that E2F1 plays a crucial role in 8-Cl-Ado-induced G2/M arrest but is dispensable for 8-Cl-Ado-induced apoptosis. These data also suggest that the mechanism of 8-Cl-Ado action is complicated. PMID:22803943

  11. Alteration of membrane lipid biophysical properties and resistance of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells to cisplatin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANG; Xingjie; (

    2001-01-01

    , 1146(1): 136.[12] Howlett, N. G., Avery, S. V., Relationship between cadmium sensitivity and degree of plasma membrane fatty acid unsatu-ration in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 1997, 48(4): 539.[13] Petriz, J., Oconnor, J. E., Carmona, M. et al., Is Rhodamine-123 an appropriate fluorescent probe to assess P-glycoprotein mediated multidrug resistance in vinblastine-resistant CHO cells? Analytical Cellular Pathology, 1997, 14(3): 129.[14] Leonce, S., Burbridge, M., Flow cytometry: a useful technique in the study of multidrug resistance, J. Bio. Cell, 1993, 78(1-2): 63.[15] Le Moyec, L., Tatoud, R., Degorges, A. et al., Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy reveals cellular lipids in-volved in resistance to Adriamycin and Taxol by the K562 Leukemia cell line, Cancer Res., 1996, 56: 3461.[16] Callaghan, R., Stafford, A., Epand, R. M., Increased accumulation of drugs in a multidrug resistant cell line by alteration of membrane biophysical properties, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1993, 1175(3): 277.[17] Sinicrope, F. A., Dudeia, P. K., Bissommette, B. M. et al., Modulation of P-glycoprotein-mediated drug transport by al-terations in lipid fluidity of rat liver canlicular membrane vesicles, J. Biol. Chem., 1992, 267(35): 24995.[18] Romsicki, Y., Sharom, F. J., The membrane lipid environment modulates drug interactions with the P-glycoprotein multi-drug transporter, Biochemistry, 1999, 38(21): 6887.[19] Garel, O., Lecureur, V., Guillouzo, A., The P-glycoprotein multidrug transporter, Gen. Pharmacol., 1996, 27(8): 1283.[20] Aran, J. M., Pastan, I., Gottesman, M. M., Therapeutic strategies involving the multidrug resistance phenotype: the MDR1 gene as target, chemoprotectant, and selectable marker in gene therapy, Adv. Pharmacol., 1999, 46: 1.[21] Zaman, G. J., Flens, M. J., Vanleusden, M. R. et al., The human multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) is a plasma membrane drug efflux pump, Proc. Natl. Acad

  12. 应用A549细胞单层模型研究蛋白多肽类药物肺部吸收的特性%Transport of proteins and peptides across human cultured alveolar A549 cell monolayers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王智瑛; 张悦; 张强

    2004-01-01

    Aim An in vitro cultured monolayer system of alveolar epithelial cells was used as a model to investigate the transport pathway peptides or proteins, salmon calcitonin (sCT), insulin (INS), recombinant hirudin (rHAV2), and recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH), in pulmonary epithelium in vivo. Methods Human lung adenocareinoma A549 cells formed continuous monolayers with growing polycarbonate filters of Transwell plate. Transport studies of macromolecules in the monolayer system were carried out after 6 days in culture. The transport of peptides or proteins with MW 3 400 - 22 000 was studied in cultured human lung adenocareinoma A549 cell monolayers at different conditions. Results The results showed that the apparent permeability coefficients (Papp) of these macromolecules across A549 cell monolayers ranged from 2×10-6 to 5×10-6 cm·s-1 and exhibited good inverse correlation with molecule weight. No concentration, direction and temperature dependence were observed in the permeation of sCT, INS and rHAV2. While the Papp of rhGH in the BA direction (2.25×10-6 cm·s-1) was significantly less than that in the reverse direction. ThePapp values of rhGH were concentration and temperature independent in the AB direction. Conclusion These findings suggest that the hydrophilic peptides and proteins, salmon calcitonin, insulin, recombinant hirudin, and recombinant human growth hormone used in this study, appeared to penetrate the A549 cell monolayers via a paracellular pathway by passive diffusion mechanism.

  13. Preliminary Proteomic Analysis of A549 Cells Infected with Avian Influenza Virus H7N9 and Influenza A Virus H1N1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Xiaoman; Lu, Jiahai; Yu, Ruoxi; Wang, Xin; Wang, Ting; Dong, Fangyuan; Peng, Bo; Wu, Weihua; Liu, Hui; Geng, Yijie; Zhang, Renli; Ma, Hanwu; Cheng, Jinquan; Yu, Muhua; Fang, Shisong

    2016-01-01

    A newly emerged H7N9 influenza virus poses high risk to human beings. However, the pathogenic mechanism of the virus remains unclear. The temporal response of primary human alveolar adenocarcinoma epithelial cells (A549) infected with H7N9 influenza virus and H1N1 influenza A virus (H1N1, pdm09) were evaluated using the proteomics approaches (2D-DIGE combined with MALDI-TOF-MS/MS) at 24, 48 and 72 hours post of the infection (hpi). There were 11, 12 and 33 proteins with significant different expressions (P<0.05) at 24, 48 and 72hpi, especially F-actin-capping protein subunit alpha-1 (CAPZA1), Ornithine aminotransferase (OAT), Poly(rC)-binding protein 1 (PCBP1), Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A-1 (EIF5A) and Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolaseⅠb subunit beta (PAFAH1B2) were validated by western-blot analysis. The functional analysis revealed that the differential proteins in A549 cells involved in regulating cytopathic effect. Among them, the down-regulation of CAPZA1, OAT, PCBP1, EIF5A are related to the death of cells infected by H7N9 influenza virus. This is the first time show that the down-regulation of PAFAH1B2 is related to the later clinical symptoms of patients infected by H7N9 influenza virus. These findings may improve our understanding of pathogenic mechanism of H7N9 influenza virus in proteomics. PMID:27223893

  14. Antitumor activity of paclitaxel or/and cisplatin drug delivery system against lung cancer cells A549 in vitro%紫杉醇-顺铂联合药物控释系统对肺腺癌细胞系 A549细胞生长的抑制作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔永; 柳明亮; 吴炳群; 段新春; 龚民

    2014-01-01

    Objective To observe paclitaxel and/ or cisplatin loaded microfiber by electrospinning technique, deliver this system to lung cancer cell A549 in vitro and observe the inhibition of cancer cell and to research effectiveness of controlled drugs delivered by electrospinning technique in antitumor field. Methods Lung cancer cell A549 was cultivated in vitro and incubated on 96-well plates with density of 1×104 per well. The plates were incubated at 37 ℃ and saturated humidity for 24 hours. The plates were taken out and drugs were delivered at different concentrations in each group. There were controlled groups. Plates were incubated for 48 hours. Add in MTT(20 μL/ well) and incubated for 4 hours. The medium containing MTT was discarded thoroughly and 150 μL DMSO was added, gently shaken to get a clear solution 10 ~ 15 min later. OD 490 was determined. Inhibition rate of drugs was calculated. Results Poly propylene carbonate loading paclitaxel and cisplatin controlled delivery system by electrospinning technique could inhibit cancer cell in vitro, stronger than naked paclitaxel and cisplatin and their single drug-loaded microfiber. Poly propylene carbonate loading paclitaxel or cisplatin has stronger inhibition to A549 lung cancer cells than naked paclitaxel or cisplatin. Blank poly propylene carbonate showed no inhibitory effect on the cancer cells. Conclusion Poly propylene carbonate loading paclitaxel and/ or cisplatin by electrospinning technique could inhibit lung cancer cells in vitro significantly. Controlled drug-delivery system by electrospinning technique could implant antitumor drugs locally, reduce toxicity and side effect of chemotherapeutics and have a great application potential.%目的:观察以聚碳酸亚丙酯乳液作为纺丝液,采用静电纺丝技术,负载紫杉醇和顺铂制备的载药纤维控释系统对体外培养的肺腺癌细胞系 A549的抑制率,为进一步的动物实验奠定基础,并探讨用于肺癌治疗的

  15. Long-term exposure of A549 cells to titanium dioxide nanoparticles induces DNA damage and sensitizes cells towards genotoxic agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armand, Lucie; Tarantini, Adeline; Beal, David; Biola-Clier, Mathilde; Bobyk, Laure; Sorieul, Sephanie; Pernet-Gallay, Karin; Marie-Desvergne, Caroline; Lynch, Iseult; Herlin-Boime, Nathalie; Carriere, Marie

    2016-09-01

    Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs) are one of the most produced NPs in the world. Their toxicity has been studied for a decade using acute exposure scenarios, i.e. high exposure concentrations and short exposure times. In the present study, we evaluated their genotoxic impact using long-term and low concentration exposure conditions. A549 alveolar epithelial cells were continuously exposed to 1-50 μg/mL TiO2-NPs, 86% anatase/14% rutile, 24 ± 6 nm average primary diameter, for up to two months. Their cytotoxicity, oxidative potential and intracellular accumulation were evaluated using MTT assay and reactive oxygen species measurement, transmission electron microscopy observation, micro-particle-induced X-ray emission and inductively-coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. Genotoxic impact was assessed using alkaline and Fpg-modified comet assay, immunostaining of 53BP1 foci and the cytokinesis-blocked micronucleus assay. Finally, we evaluated the impact of a subsequent exposure of these cells to the alkylating agent methyl methanesulfonate. We demonstrate that long-term exposure to TiO2-NPs does not affect cell viability but causes DNA damage, particularly oxidative damage to DNA and increased 53BP1 foci counts, correlated with increased intracellular accumulation of NPs. In addition, exposure over 2 months causes cellular responses suggestive of adaptation, characterized by decreased proliferation rate and stabilization of TiO2-NP intracellular accumulation, as well as sensitization to MMS. Taken together, these data underline the genotoxic impact and sensitization effect of long-term exposure of lung alveolar epithelial cells to low levels of TiO2-NPs. PMID:26785166

  16. The Study on Anti-cancer Effects of Distilling Fresh-ginseng Herbal acupuncture against implanted Sarcoma-180 in vivo and A549 human epithelial lung cancer cells in vitro

    OpenAIRE

    Hae-Young Jang; Ki-Rok Kwon; Hee-Soo Park

    2004-01-01

    Objectives : This study was to investigate the anti-cancer effects of herbal acupuncture with distilled fresh ginseng. The herbal acupuncture was injected to Chung-wan(C.V12) and Wisu(BL21) of mice that were subjected to Sarcoma-180 abdominal cancer cell and A549 human epithelial lung cancer cells in vitro. Methods : Anti-cancer effects of distilled fresh ginseng herbal acupuncture were tested by measruing Cox, Bcl-2, and Bax by using RT-PCR in A549 human epithelial lung cancer cells in v...

  17. Exosome cargo reflects TGF-β1-mediated epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) status in A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jiyeon; Kim, Tae Yeon; Lee, Myung Shin; Mun, Ji Young; Ihm, Chunhwa; Kim, Soon Ae

    2016-09-16

    It has been suggested that tumor cells secrete exosomes to modify the local microenvironment, which then promotes intercellular communication and metastasis. Although exosomes derived from cancer cells may contribute to the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in untransformed cells, few studies have defined exosome cargo upon induction of EMT. In this study, we investigated the changes in exosomal cargo from the epithelial to mesenchymal cell phenotype by inducing EMT with transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 in A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. The protein content of the exosomes reflects the change in the cell phenotype. In addition, miR-23a was significantly enriched in the exosomes after mesenchymal transition. Following treatment of exosomes from mesenchymal cells via EMT induction with TGF-β1 to the epithelial cell type, phenotypic changes in protein expression level and cell morphology were observed. Autologous treatment of exosomes enhanced the transcriptional activity and abundance of β-catenin. Our results suggest that the exosomal protein and miRNA content reflects the physiological condition of its source and that exosomes induce phenotypic changes via autocrine signaling. PMID:27492069

  18. 125I粒子和60Co γ射线照射对A549及BEAS-2B细胞生物学效应的影响%The biological effects of 125I seeds and 60Co γ-rays on A549 and BEAS-2B cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵真真; 茅爱武; 王忠敏; 刘芬菊; 曹燕; 贾一平

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨125I粒子和60Co γ射线对非小细胞肺癌(NSCLC) A549细胞和正常支气管上皮BEAS-2B细胞生物学效应的影响.方法 A549、BEAS-2B细胞均行125I粒子和60Coγ射线不同剂量照射;集落形成实验检测细胞存活分数;流式细胞术检测细胞周期和细胞凋亡率;Western blot检测凋亡相关蛋白的表达水平.结果 A549细胞在4、6、8 Gy照射时,125I粒子组细胞克隆存活分数较60Co组降低更明显(t=6.06、9.42、4.90,P<0.05).A549细胞在4 Gy时,G1期细胞比例125I粒子组为70.67%±1.49%,60Co组为59.59% ±0.71%(t=10.77,P<0.05);细胞凋亡率125I粒子组为18.09%±0.73%,60Co组为9.81%±0.16%(t=19.40,P<0.05).125I粒子照射明显上调Bax、cleaved Caspase-3蛋白的表达,同时下调Bcl-2蛋白的表达.但不同射线同一剂量或相同射线不同剂量下,BEAS-2B细胞的凋亡率及凋亡相关蛋白的表达无明显变化.结论 125I粒子持续低剂量率照射较60Co γ射线高剂量率照射抑制A549细胞增殖的效应更明显.Bcl-2/Bax蛋白比失衡,最终致Caspase-3蛋白的活化在125I粒子持续低剂量率照射抑制肿瘤细胞增殖的效应中可能发挥重要的作用.%Objective To investigate the biological effects of 125I seeds and 60Co γ-rays on the non-small cell lung cancer cells A549 and the normal bronchial epithelium cells BEAS-2B.Methods A549 and BEAS-2B cells were irradiated with 125I seeds and 60Co γ-rays.The survival fraction was detected by colony formation assay.The cell cycle and cell apoptotic ratio were detected by flow cytometry.The expression of cell apoptotic related proteins was examined by western blot.Results After irradiation with different doses,the survival of A549 cells irradiated with 125I seeds was lower than that irradiated with γ-rays (t =6.06,9.42,4.90,P <0.05).After irradiation with 4 Gy of 125I seeds and 60Co γ-rays,the G1 phase percentages of A549 cells were 70.67% ± 1.49% and 59.59% ± 0

  19. Effect of Total Alkaloids from Solanum lyratum on Regulating Apoptosis and Cell Cycle of A549 Cells Through VEGF-related Pathway%白英总碱通过VEGF相关信号通路调控A549细胞的凋亡与周期

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩林; 孙彩霞; 王建农

    2016-01-01

    目的:基于血管内皮生长因子(VEGF)相关信号通路探讨白英总碱对A549细胞的凋亡与周期的影响。方法设立对照组和白英总碱低、中、高剂量组(50,100,200 mg·L-1),通过流式细胞术检测细胞凋亡及周期分布情况, Western blot法检测PI3K、 Akt、 Ras、 MAP2、 VEGF蛋白的表达。结果流式细胞术检测白英总碱将该细胞周期阻滞于G2期,呈现剂量依赖性的诱导A549细胞的凋亡,尤其是早期凋亡细胞。 Western blot结果显示,白英总碱均可下调PI3K、 Akt、 Ras、 MAP2、 VEGF蛋白的表达,中、高剂量组各蛋白的相对表达量与对照组比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论白英总碱可通过调控VEGF相关信号通路诱导A549细胞的凋亡,阻滞细胞周期于G2期。%ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of total alkaloids fromSolanumlyratumon the apoptosis and cell cycle of A549 cells based on vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)-related signal pathway.MethodsControl group and three experimental groups were set up,cell cycle and apoptosis were tested by flow cytometry,and protein levels of PI3K,Akt,Ras,MAP2,and VEGF were examined by Western blot method.ResultsThe results of flow cytometry showed that total alkaloids fromSolanumlyratumarrested the cell cycle at G2 phase,and induced A549 cells apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner,especially for the early apoptotic cells. The results of Western blotting showed that total alkaloids fromSolanumlyratumdown-regulated the protein levels of PI3K,Akt,Ras,MAP2,and VEGF,and the relative protein expression quantity in middle- and high-dose groups obviously differed from that of the control group (P<0.01).ConclusionTotal alkaloids fromSolanumlyratumcould induce A549 cells apoptosis and arrest cell cycle at G2/M phase through VEGF-related signal pathway.

  20. Involvement of cdc25c in cell cycle alteration of a radioresistant lung cancer cell line established with fractionated ionizing radiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jie; Yang, Chun-Xu; Mei, Zi-Jie; Chen, Jing; Zhang, Shi-Min; Sun, Shao-Xing; Zhou, Fu-Xiang; Zhou, Yun-Feng; Xie, Cong-Hua

    2013-01-01

    Cancer patients often suffer from local tumor recurrence after radiation therapy. Cell cycling, an intricate sequence of events which guarantees high genomic fidelity, has been suggested to affect DNA damage responses and eventual radioresistant characteristics of cancer cells. Here, we established a radioresistant lung cancer cell line, A549R , by exposing the parental A549 cells to repeated γ-ray irradiation with a total dose of 60 Gy. The radiosensitivity of A549 and A549R was confirmed using colony formation assays. We then focused on examination of the cell cycle distribution between A549 and A549R and found that the proportion of cells in the radioresistant S phase increased, whereas that in the radiosensitive G1 phase decreased. When A549 and A549R cells were exposed to 4 Gy irradiation the total differences in cell cycle redistribution suggested that G2-M cell cycle arrest plays a predominant role in mediating radioresistance. In order to further explore the possible mechanisms behind the cell cycle related radioresistance, we examined the expression of Cdc25 proteins which orchestrate cell cycle transitions. The results showed that expression of Cdc25c increased accompanied by the decrease of Cdc25a and we proposed that the quantity of Cdc25c, rather than activated Cdc25c or Cdc25a, determines the radioresistance of cells. PMID:24289569

  1. The fruit juice of Morinda citrifolia (noni) downregulates HIF-1α protein expression through inhibition of PKB, ERK-1/2, JNK-1 and S6 in manganese-stimulated A549 human lung cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Byeong-Churl

    2012-03-01

    High exposure of manganese is suggested to be a risk factor for many lung diseases. Evidence suggests anticancerous and antiangiogenic effects by products derived from Morinda citrifolia (noni) fruit. In this study, we investigated the effect of noni fruit juice (NFJ) on the expression of HIF-1α, a tumor angiogenic transcription factor in manganese-chloride (manganese)-stimulated A549 human lung carcinoma cells. Treatment with manganese largely induced expression of HIF-1α protein but did not affect HIF-1α mRNA expression in A549 cells, suggesting the metal-mediated co- and/or post-translational HIF-1α upregulation. Manganese treatment also led to increased phosphorylation of extracellular-regulated protein kinase-1/2 (ERK-1/2), c-Jun N-terminal kinase-1 (JNK-1), protein kinase B (PKB), S6 and eukaryotic translation initiation factor-2α (eIF-2α) in A549 cells. Of note, the exposure of NFJ inhibited the manganese-induced HIF-1α protein upregulation in a concentration-dependent manner. Importantly, as assessed by results of pharmacological inhibition and siRNA transfection studies, the effect of NFJ on HIF-1α protein downregulation seemed to be largely associated with the ability of NFJ to interfere with the metal's signaling to activate PKB, ERK-1/2, JNK-1 and S6 in A549 cells. It was further shown that NFJ could repress the induction of HIF-1α protein by desferoxamine or interleukin-1β (IL-1β), another HIF-1α inducer in A549 cells. Thus, the present study provides the first evidence that NFJ has the ability to strongly downregulate manganese-induced HIF-1α protein expression in A549 human lung cancer cells, which may suggest the NFJ-mediated beneficial effects on lung pathologies in which manganese and HIF-1α overexpression play pathogenic roles.

  2. Effect of functionalized and non-functionalized nanodiamond on the morphology and activities of antioxidant enzymes of lung epithelial cells (A549).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solarska-Ściuk, Katarzyna; Gajewska, Agnieszka; Glińska, Sława; Michlewska, Sylwia; Balcerzak, Łucja; Jamrozik, Agnieszka; Skolimowski, Janusz; Burda, Květoslava; Bartosz, Grzegorz

    2014-10-01

    The development of nanotechnology opens up new ways for biomedical applications of unmodified and modified diamond nanoparticles which are one of the most popular nanomaterials used in biology, biotechnology, medicine, cosmetics and engineering. They have been applied as diagnostic and therapeutic agents because they can be targeted to and localized in cells causing apoptosis and necrosis. The problem of biocompatibility of nanodiamonds at higher concentrations is thus of primary importance. The first step in the modification of DNPs is usually the introduction of hydrogen groups, which can bind other functional groups. The basic method to introduce -OH groups onto nanoparticles is the Fenton reaction. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of unmodified nanodiamond particles and nanoparticles modified by introduction of -OH groups and etoposide onto their surface reaction on human non-small lung cancer cells. A549 cells were incubated with 2-100μg/ml nanopowders and at 0.6-24μg/ml etoposide in the DMEM medium. We observed a decrease of cells viability and generation of reactive oxygen/ nitrogen species in the cells after incubation, estimated by oxidation of H2DCF-DA and DAF-FM-DA. Modified detonation nanoparticles affected also the cellular content of glutathione and activities of main antioxidant enzymes (glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferase, superoxide dismutase and catalase). The results of TEM microscopy show changes in cell morphology. These data demonstrate that modified nanoparticles induce oxidative stress in the target cells. PMID:25451571

  3. 甲氨蝶呤对映体诱导肺癌细胞耐药后引起血管内皮细胞分化差异的研究%Chiral selectivity in differentiation of lung cancer A549 cells to vascular endothelial cells after drug resistance induced by D-or L-methotrexate enantiomers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何晓东; 胡世莲; 沈佐君; 陶绍能; 董林; 朱园园; 李明

    2009-01-01

    Objective To study the chiral selectivity in vascular endothelial differentiation in drug resistant lung cancer cells induced by high-dose L- or D-methotrexate (MTX) enantiomer. Methods Human lung cancer cells of the line A549 were co-cultured with high-dose (15 μmol/L) L- or D- MTX enantiomer so as to develop cancer cells resistant to MTX. MTT method was used to detect the drug resistant index. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of CD44, a transmembrane glycoprotein reflecting the migration ability of cells, CD31, a marker of vascular endothelium, and P-170 protein. Fifteen BALB/c nude mice were inoculated with the parent A549 cells, L-MTX-resistant A549 cells induced by L-MTX enantiomer, and D-MTX-resistant A549 cells induced by D-MTX enantiomer. Four weeks later the mice were killed to take out the tumor masses, Immunohistochemistry with CD34 staining was used to detect the microvascular density (MVD). Results The drug resistant index of the D-MTX induced drug resistant A549 cells was 20.1±2.3, significantly higher than that of the L-MTX-induced cells (12.4±1.2, P=0,000). The CD44 positive rate of the D-MTX induced A549 cells was 97.0%±0.9%, not significantly different from that of the L-MTX-induced A549 cells (96.7%±1.4%, P=0.544). The CD31 positive rate of the D-MTX induced A549 cells was 91.9%±3.2%, significantly higher than that of the L-MTX-induced A549 cells (32.9%±8.0%, P=0.000). The P-170 protein positive rate of the parent cells was 85.5%±4.6%, and the P-170 protein positive rate of the D-MTX-induced A549 cells was 87.0%±8.9%, significantly higher than that of the L-MTX-induced cells (71.5%±8.2%, P=0.002). The MVD of the D-MTX-indueed cells was 55.9±11.9, significantly higher than that of the L-MTX-induced cells (7. 2±1.7, P=0.000). MVD was significantly positively correlated with the CD31 level (r=0.462, P=0.007), and not correlated with P-170 protein and CD34 levels. Conclusion The MTX enantiomers have different chiral

  4. 骨髓间充质干细胞参与A549肺腺癌的组织修复★%Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells are involved in tissue repair of A549 lung adenocarcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许峰; 张雷; 潘晋坤; 薛利利; 赵晓燕; 李宝平

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Tumor has been considered as a specific nonhealing trauma. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s participate in tumor mesenchymal reconstitution by tumor tissue homing and differentiation into mesenchyme, resulting in changing tumor microenvironment and affecting tumor growth and transfer. OBJECTIVE:To explore the mechanisms of participation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s in tumor tissue repair in an A549 lung cancer-bearing mouse model. METHODS:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s were isolated in vitro, cultured, and identified using flow cytometry, and then used to establish a mouse model of A549 lung cancer-bearing. In the experimental group, human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s were injected into tissue surrounding the tumor. In the control group, an equal volume of PBS was injected. Animal survival condition and tumor size were compared. At 4 weeks, the specimens were harvested. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to compare tumor tissue. Masson staining was utilized to compare col agen fiber content. Reverse transcription-PCR was employed to detect the expression ofα-smooth muscle actin. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression of fibroblast specific protein and fibroblast activation protein to reflect the degree of interstitial fibers in tumor tissue in both groups. The expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor, interleukin-6 and tenescin-C were compared between the two groups using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s promoted tumor growth in tumor-bearing mice. The growth rate of tumor tissue in experimental group was faster than the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group,α-smooth muscle actin mRNA expression was significantly higher in the experimental group. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of tumor angiogenesis factors markers (fibroblast specific protein and fibroblast activation protein) in tumor

  5. Ent-11α-Hydroxy-15-oxo-kaur-16-en-19-oic-acid Inhibits Growth of Human Lung Cancer A549 Cells by Arresting Cell Cycle and Triggering Apoptosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Li; George G Chen; Ying-nian Lu; Yi Liu; Ke-feng Wu; Xian-ling Gong; Zhan-ping Gou; Ming-yue Li; Nian-ci Liang

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To examine the apoptotic effect of ent-11α-hydroxy-15-oxo-kaur-16-en-19-oic-acid (5F),a compound isolated from Pteris semipinnata L(PsL),in human lung cancer A549 cells.Methods:A549 cells were treated with 5F (0-80 μg/ml) for different time periods.Cytotoxicity was examined using a MTT method.Cell cycle was examined using propidium iodide staining.Apoptosis was examined using Hoechst 33258 staining,enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and caspase-3 activity analysis.Expression of representative apoptosis-related protei