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Sample records for ce ii application

  1. Improved Laboratory Transition Probabilities for Ce II, Application to the Cerium Abundances of the Sun and Five r-process Rich, Metal-Poor Stars, and Rare Earth Lab Data

    CERN Document Server

    Lawler, J E; Cowan, J J; Ivans, I I; Hartog, E A Den

    2009-01-01

    Recent radiative lifetime measurements accurate to +/- 5% using laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) on 43 even-parity and 15 odd-parity levels of Ce II have been combined with new branching fractions measured using a Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) to determine transition probabilities for 921 lines of Ce II. This improved laboratory data set has been used to determine a new solar photospheric Ce abundance, log epsilon = 1.61 +/- 0.01 (sigma = 0.06 from 45 lines), a value in excellent agreement with the recommended meteoritic abundance, log epsilon = 1.61 +/- 0.02. Revised Ce abundances have also been derived for the r-process-rich metal-poor giant stars BD+17 3248, CS 22892-052, CS 31082-001, HD 115444 and HD 221170. Between 26 and 40 lines were used for determining the Ce abundance in these five stars, yielding a small statistical uncertainty of 0.01 dex similar to the Solar result. The relative abundances in the metal-poor stars of Ce and Eu, a nearly pure r-process element in the Sun, matches r-process ...

  2. Relativeca Dopplera efekto ^ce unuforme akcelata movo -- II

    CERN Document Server

    Paiva, F M

    2007-01-01

    Extending physics/0701092, a light source of monochromatic radiation, in rectilinear motion under constant proper acceleration, passes near an observer at rest. In the context of special relativity, we describe the observed Doppler effect. We describe also the interesting discontinuous effect when riding through occurs. An English version of this article is available. - - - - - - - - - - - \\\\ Da^urigante physics/0701092, luma fonto de unukolora radiado ^ce rekta movo ^ce konstanta propra akcelo pasas preter restanta observanto. ^Ce la special-relativeco, ni priskribas la observatan Doppleran efikon. Ni anka^u priskribas la interesan nekontinuan efikon se trapaso okazas.

  3. Properties and practical application of thin CeOx films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maksimchuk N. V.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The properties of CeOx films produced by various methods have been investigated. According to the comparative analisys “metallic mirror oxidation” method allows to produce films with significantly better characteristics than the «explosive evaporation» method. Though the latter method yields higher photosensitivity of CeOx films and structures on their base. In the process the optimal value of the substrate temperature was determined. Obtained data expand the CeOx application potential in microelectronic sensor sphere.

  4. File list: Pol.CeL.20.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.CeL.20.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell dm3 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase II Cell line...70,SRX749072,SRX749071,SRX749073,SRX017852,SRX529168 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/assembled/Pol.CeL.20.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell.bed ...

  5. File list: Pol.CeL.50.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pol.CeL.50.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell dm3 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase II Cell line...70,SRX749072,SRX749071,SRX749073,SRX017852,SRX529168 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/assembled/Pol.CeL.50.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell.bed ...

  6. Ca(ii) and Ce(iii) homogeneous alginate hydrogels from the parent alginic acid precursor: a structural study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonego, Juan Manuel; Santagapita, Patricio R; Perullini, Mercedes; Jobbágy, Matías

    2016-06-14

    Alginate hydrogels are suitable for the encapsulation of biomolecules and microorganisms for the building of bioactive materials. Several alternatives to the conventional alginate formulation are being studied for a broad range of biotechnological applications; among them the crosslinking of alginate by lanthanide cations, Ln(iii), envisages expanded biomedical applications. The performance of these functional materials is highly related to the microstructure of the alginate matrix, which in turn is affected by the conditions of synthesis. In particular, when a diffusing gradient of the crosslinking cation is involved, microstructure inhomogeneities are expected at the macroscopic level. Here we discuss the subtle differences in the microstructure, as assessed by SAXS (Small Angle X-ray Scattering), established in the direction of the gradient of diffusion of Ca(ii) or Ce(iii).

  7. Incommensurate short-range multipolar order parameter of phase II in Ce3Pd20Si6

    OpenAIRE

    Portnichenko, P. Y.; Paschen, S.; Prokofiev, A.; Vojta, M.; Cameron, A. S.; Mignot, J.-M.; Ivanov, A.; Inosov, D. S.

    2016-01-01

    The clathrate compound Ce3Pd20Si6 is a heavy-fermion metal that exhibits magnetically hidden order at low temperatures. Reputedly, this exotic type of magnetic ground state, known as "phase II", could be associated with the ordering of Ce 4f quadrupolar moments. In contrast to conventional (dipolar) order, it has vanishing Bragg intensity in zero magnetic field and, as a result, has escaped direct observation by neutron scattering until now. Here we report the observation of diffuse magnetic ...

  8. Novel nanostructured CeO2 as efficient catalyst for energy and environmental applications

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sumanta Kumar Meher; G Ranga Rao

    2014-03-01

    We report here versatile methods to engineer the microstructure and understand the fundamental physicochemical properties of CeO2 to improve its catalytic viability for practical applications. In this context, different morphologies of CeO2 are synthesized using tailored homogeneous precipitation methods and characterized by XRD, BET, SEM and TPR methods. The shuttle-shaped CeO2 prepared under hydrothermal condition shows higher surface area and low-temperature reducibility. The 0.5 wt% Pt-impregnated shuttle-shaped CeO2 shows lower-temperature CO oxidation behaviour as compared to its bulk-like CeO2 (with 0.5 wt% Pt) counterpart, synthesized by conventional-reflux method. Further, nanorod morphology of CeO2 prepared with Cl−as counter ion shows lower-temperature oxidation of soot as compared to the mesoflower morphology of CeO2, prepared with NO$^{−}_{3}$ as counter ion in the reaction medium. Further, linear sweep voltammetry, chronopotentiometry and CO-stripping voltammetry studies are performed to evaluate the promoting activity of CeO2 to Pt/C for ethanol electro-oxidation reaction in acidic media. Results show that CeO2 provides active triple-phase-interfacial sites for suitable adsorption of OH species which effectively oxidize the COads on Pt/C. The results presented here are significant in the context of understanding the physicochemical fine prints of CeO2 and CeO2 based hetero-nanocomposites for their suitability to important catalytic and energy-related applications.

  9. Synthesis of Mn-doped CeO2 nanorods and their application as humidity sensors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    C H Hu; C H Xia; F Wang; M Zhou; P F Yin; X Y Han

    2011-08-01

    Mn-doped CeO2 nanorods have been prepared from CeO2 particles through a facile compositehydroxide-mediated (CHM) approach. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The analysis from the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicates that the manganese doped in CeO2 exists as Mn4+. The responses to humidity for static and dynamic testing proved dopingMn into CeO2 can improve the humidity sensitivity. For the sample with Mn% about 1.22, the resistance changes from 375.3 to 2.7M as the relative humidity (RH) increases from 25 to 90%, indicating promising applications of the Mn-doped CeO2 nanorods in environmental monitoring.

  10. Magnetic Phase Transitions of CeSb. II: Effects of Applied Magnetic Fields

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meier, G.; Fischer, P.; Hälg, W.;

    1978-01-01

    For pt.I see ibid., vol.11, p.345 (1978). The metamagnetic phase transition and the associated phase diagram of the anomalous antiferromagnet CeSb were determined in a neutron diffraction study of the magnetic ordering of CeSb single crystals in applied magnetic fields parallel to the (001...

  11. Fundamentals and Catalytic Applications of CeO2-Based Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montini, Tiziano; Melchionna, Michele; Monai, Matteo; Fornasiero, Paolo

    2016-05-25

    Cerium dioxide (CeO2, ceria) is becoming an ubiquitous constituent in catalytic systems for a variety of applications. 2016 sees the 40(th) anniversary since ceria was first employed by Ford Motor Company as an oxygen storage component in car converters, to become in the years since its inception an irreplaceable component in three-way catalysts (TWCs). Apart from this well-established use, ceria is looming as a catalyst component for a wide range of catalytic applications. For some of these, such as fuel cells, CeO2-based materials have almost reached the market stage, while for some other catalytic reactions, such as reforming processes, photocatalysis, water-gas shift reaction, thermochemical water splitting, and organic reactions, ceria is emerging as a unique material, holding great promise for future market breakthroughs. While much knowledge about the fundamental characteristics of CeO2-based materials has already been acquired, new characterization techniques and powerful theoretical methods are deepening our understanding of these materials, helping us to predict their behavior and application potential. This review has a wide view on all those aspects related to ceria which promise to produce an important impact on our life, encompassing fundamental knowledge of CeO2 and its properties, characterization toolbox, emerging features, theoretical studies, and all the catalytic applications, organized by their degree of establishment on the market.

  12. Fabrication of CeO2 nanoparticle-modified silk for UV protection and antibacterial applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Zhisong; Mao, Cuiping; Meng, Mei; Liu, Sangui; Tian, Yunli; Yu, Ling; Sun, Bai; Li, Chang Ming

    2014-12-01

    To endow silk with UV-shielding ability and antibacterial activity, CeO2 nanoparticles were immobilized on silk surface via a dip-coating approach without changing silk structure. Surface density of the nanoparticles could be easily adjusted by controlling the number of dip-coating cycle. Enhanced thermal stability of the modified silk is exhibited in thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and derivative thermogravimetric analysis (DTG). The excellent UV-protection ability and antibacterial property of the CeO2 nanoparticle-coated silk are demonstrated in UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and colony-forming capability test, respectively. Based on the data, it can be concluded that CeO2 nanoparticles could be used as a very promising coating material to modify silk for UV-protection and antibacterial applications.

  13. Nano-engineered ZnO/CeO2 dots@CNFs for fuel cell application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zafar Khan Ghouri

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Well-dispersed ZnO(xCeO2(1−x nanodots@carbon nanofibers as anode catalysts for the electrooxidation of methanol were synthesized by an easy-controlled template-free method. Their structure and morphology were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD, high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM equipped with rapid EDX (energy dispersive analysis of X-ray. The appealed characterization techniques specified that the obtained material is carbon nanofibers decorated by ZnO and CeO2 nanodots. The electrochemical oxidation of methanol on ZnO(xCeO2(1−x nanodots@CNFs modified glassy carbon electrode in alkaline solutions was systematically evaluated by cyclic voltammetry (CV method. A detailed investigation is made for the electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol by varying methanol concentration. The corresponding current densities of ZnO(60%CeO2(40% nanodots@CNFs and ZnO(40%CeO2(60% nanodots@CNFs were 5.3 and 16.3 mA/cm2, respectively. Moreover, negative onset potential (−50 mV vs. Ag/AgCl was observed when ZnO(40%CeO2(60% nanodots@CNFs were utilized, which is a superior value among the reported non-precious electrocatalysts. These results suggested cheap and effective nanomaterials as non-precious catalyst for DMFCs application and pave the way to further improve the performance in energy and environmental applications.

  14. Ag nanocrystals anchored CeO{sub 2}/graphene nanocomposite for enhanced supercapacitor applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vanitha, M.; Keerthi [Department of Chemical Engineering, A.C Tech, Anna University, Chennai 600025 (India); Cao, P. [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, The University of Auckland, PB 92019, Auckland 1142 (New Zealand); Balasubramanian, N., E-mail: nbsbala@annauniv.edu [Department of Chemical Engineering, A.C Tech, Anna University, Chennai 600025 (India)

    2015-09-25

    Highlights: • Quasi spherical Ag and CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles were decorated on rGO matrix. • The Ag/CeO{sub 2}/rGO nanocomposite exhibits specific capacitance of 710 F g{sup −1}. • Ag plays an imperative role in improving the electrochemical performance. - Abstract: A novel ternary Ag decorated CeO{sub 2}/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanocomposite was synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as surface directing agent and was designed as an electrode material for supercapacitors application. The structure and morphology of the nanocomposites were analyzed by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The synergistic effect between the CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles wrapped rGO matrix with Ag nanoparticles gives rise to a nanostructure, empowering the material with enhanced electrochemical performance. The electrochemical characterization was performed using cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge/discharge and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic studies in 3 M KOH aqueous electrolyte. The nanocomposite electrode materials possess a high specific capacitance of 710.42 F g{sup −1} at an applied current density of 0.2 A g{sup −1}, which was nearly two fold higher than CeO{sub 2}/rGO nanocomposite. This work endows a new route for building Ag/CeO{sub 2}/rGO ternary nanocomposite which will have some impact on the exploitation of novel ternary electrode materials for supercapacitor applications.

  15. Determination of copper(I) and copper(II) ions after complexation with bicinchoninic acid by CE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basheer, Chanbasha; Lee, Hian Kee

    2007-10-01

    A facile, sensitive, and selective method was developed for the simultaneous separation and determination of copper(I) [Cu(+)] and copper(II) [Cu(2+)] ions using CE with direct UV detection. The copper ions were complexed with a 1.5 mM bicinchoninic acid disodium salt solution at pH 8.7 prior to analysis. Acetate buffer (2 mM) was used as the CE running buffer. Parameters affecting CE separation such as sample pH, applied voltage, concentration of complexing agent, nature of the buffer solution, and interferences by other metal ions, were evaluated. The LODs for Cu(+) and Cu(2+) were 3.0 and 2.5 microg/mL (S/N = 3), respectively. The developed method allows the simultaneous determination of Cu(+) and Cu(2+) in less than 5 min with RSDs of between 5.3 and 9.5% for migration time and between 3.4 and 9.7% for peak areas, respectively. At optimum conditions, the percentage recoveries of Cu(+) and Cu(2+) were found to be 99.4 and 99.5%.

  16. A comparative study of LaBr3(Ce(3+)) and CeBr3 based gamma-ray spectrometers for planetary remote sensing applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozyrev, A; Mitrofanov, I; Owens, A; Quarati, F; Benkhoff, J; Bakhtin, B; Fedosov, F; Golovin, D; Litvak, M; Malakhov, A; Mokrousov, M; Nuzhdin, I; Sanin, A; Tretyakov, V; Vostrukhin, A; Timoshenko, G; Shvetsov, V; Granja, C; Slavicek, T; Pospisil, S

    2016-08-01

    The recent availability of large volume cerium bromide crystals raises the possibility of substantially improving gamma-ray spectrometer limiting flux sensitivities over current systems based on the lanthanum tri-halides, e.g., lanthanum bromide and lanthanum chloride, especially for remote sensing, low-level counting applications or any type of measurement characterized by poor signal to noise ratios. The Russian Space Research Institute has developed and manufactured a highly sensitive gamma-ray spectrometer for remote sensing observations of the planet Mercury from the Mercury Polar Orbiter (MPO), which forms part of ESA's BepiColombo mission. The Flight Model (FM) gamma-ray spectrometer is based on a 3-in. single crystal of LaBr3(Ce(3+)) produced in a separate crystal development programme specifically for this mission. During the spectrometers development, manufacturing, and qualification phases, large crystals of CeBr3 became available in a subsequent phase of the same crystal development programme. Consequently, the Flight Spare Model (FSM) gamma-ray spectrometer was retrofitted with a 3-in. CeBr3 crystal and qualified for space. Except for the crystals, the two systems are essentially identical. In this paper, we report on a comparative assessment of the two systems, in terms of their respective spectral properties, as well as their suitability for use in planetary mission with respect to radiation tolerance and their propensity for activation. We also contrast their performance with a Ge detector representative of that flown on MESSENGER and show that: (a) both LaBr3(Ce(3+)) and CeBr3 provide superior detection systems over HPGe in the context of minimally resourced spacecraft and (b) CeBr3 is a more attractive system than LaBr3(Ce(3+)) in terms of sensitivities at lower gamma fluxes. Based on the tests, the FM has now been replaced by the FSM on the BepiColombo spacecraft. Thus, CeBr3 now forms the central gamma-ray detection element on the MPO spacecraft.

  17. A comparative study of LaBr3(Ce3+) and CeBr3 based gamma-ray spectrometers for planetary remote sensing applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozyrev, A.; Mitrofanov, I.; Owens, A.; Quarati, F.; Benkhoff, J.; Bakhtin, B.; Fedosov, F.; Golovin, D.; Litvak, M.; Malakhov, A.; Mokrousov, M.; Nuzhdin, I.; Sanin, A.; Tretyakov, V.; Vostrukhin, A.; Timoshenko, G.; Shvetsov, V.; Granja, C.; Slavicek, T.; Pospisil, S.

    2016-08-01

    The recent availability of large volume cerium bromide crystals raises the possibility of substantially improving gamma-ray spectrometer limiting flux sensitivities over current systems based on the lanthanum tri-halides, e.g., lanthanum bromide and lanthanum chloride, especially for remote sensing, low-level counting applications or any type of measurement characterized by poor signal to noise ratios. The Russian Space Research Institute has developed and manufactured a highly sensitive gamma-ray spectrometer for remote sensing observations of the planet Mercury from the Mercury Polar Orbiter (MPO), which forms part of ESA's BepiColombo mission. The Flight Model (FM) gamma-ray spectrometer is based on a 3-in. single crystal of LaBr3(Ce3+) produced in a separate crystal development programme specifically for this mission. During the spectrometers development, manufacturing, and qualification phases, large crystals of CeBr3 became available in a subsequent phase of the same crystal development programme. Consequently, the Flight Spare Model (FSM) gamma-ray spectrometer was retrofitted with a 3-in. CeBr3 crystal and qualified for space. Except for the crystals, the two systems are essentially identical. In this paper, we report on a comparative assessment of the two systems, in terms of their respective spectral properties, as well as their suitability for use in planetary mission with respect to radiation tolerance and their propensity for activation. We also contrast their performance with a Ge detector representative of that flown on MESSENGER and show that: (a) both LaBr3(Ce3+) and CeBr3 provide superior detection systems over HPGe in the context of minimally resourced spacecraft and (b) CeBr3 is a more attractive system than LaBr3(Ce3+) in terms of sensitivities at lower gamma fluxes. Based on the tests, the FM has now been replaced by the FSM on the BepiColombo spacecraft. Thus, CeBr3 now forms the central gamma-ray detection element on the MPO spacecraft.

  18. Preparation Methods and Applications of CuO-CeO2 Catalysts: A Short Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaurav Rattan

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The CuO-CeO2 catalytic systems are getting popular for catalyzing very actively the various reactions of environmental, commercial and other importance. In recent years, many methods have been in use for the preparation of versatile CuO-CeO2 catalysts. Reviewing the useful preparation methods of such catalysts is thus the need of the time in view of the globally increasing interest towards all the low temperature redox reactions. This article presents a short review on seventeen different preparation methods of the copperceria catalysts, followed by critical discussions on the related redox properties and advancements accomplished with respect to their application aspect, including a systematic compilation of the concerned newer literature in a well-concievable tabular form. ©2010 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved(Received: 14th January 2010, Revised: 31st January 2010, Accepted: 1st February 2010[How to Cite: R. Prasad, G. Rattan. (2010. Preparation Methods and Applications of CuO-CeO2 Catalysts: A Short Review. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis, 5 (1: 7-30. doi:10.9767/bcrec.5.1.774.7-30][How to Link / DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.5.1.774.7-30

  19. Preparation Methods and Applications of CuO-CeO2 Catalysts: A Short Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ram Prasad

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The CuO-CeO2 catalytic systems are getting popular for catalyzing very actively the various reactions of environmental, commercial and other importance. In recent years, many methods have been in use for the preparation of versatile CuO-CeO2 catalysts. Reviewing the useful preparation methods of such catalysts is thus the need of the time in view of the globally increasing interest towards all the low temperature redox reactions. This article presents a short review on seventeen different preparation methods of the copperceria catalysts, followed by critical discussions on the related redox properties and advancements accomplished with respect to their application aspect, including a systematic compilation of the concerned newer literature in a well-concievable tabular form. ©2010 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved(Received: 14th January 2010, Revised: 31st January 2010, Accepted: 1st February 2010[How to Cite: R. Prasad, G. Rattan. (2010. Preparation Methods and Applications of CuO-CeO2 Catalysts: A Short Review. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis, 5 (1: 7-30. doi:10.9767/bcrec.5.1.7125.7-30][How to Link / DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.5.1.7125.7-30 || or local:   http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/bcrec/article/view/7125

  20. INCA-CE: a Central European initiative in nowcasting severe weather and its applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kann, A.; Pistotnik, G.; Bica, B.

    2012-04-01

    The INCA-CE (Integrated Nowcasting through Comprehensive Analysis - Central Europe) project aims at implementing a transnational weather information system as well as applications for different socio-economic sectors to reduce risks of major economic damage and loss of life caused by severe weather. Civil protection and also stakeholders from economic sectors are in a growing need of accurate and reliable short-term weather forecasts. Within INCA-CE, a state-of-the art nowcasting system (INCA) is implemented at weather services throughout the European Union's CE (Central Europe) Programme Area, providing analyses and short term forecasts to the aforementioned end-users. In a coherent approach, the INCA (Integrated Nowcasting through Comprehensive Analysis) system will be adapted for implementation and use in a number of partner countries. Within transregional working groups, the gap between short-term weather information and its downstream activities in hydrological disaster management, civil protection and road management will be bridged and best practice management and measure plans will be produced. A web-based platform for outreach to related socio-economic sectors will initiate and foster a dialogue between weather services and further stakeholders like tourism or the insurance sector, flood authorities for disaster management, and the construction industry for cost-efficient scheduling and planning. Furthermore, the project will produce a compact guideline for policy makers on how to combine structural development aspects with these new features. In the present paper, an outline of the project implementation, a short overview about the INCA system and two case studies on precipitation nowcasts will be given. Moreover, directions for further developments both within the INCA system and the INCA-CE project will be pointed out.

  1. Preparation,Characterization of CuO/CeO2 and Cu/CeO2 Catalysts and Their Applications in Low-Temperature CO Oxidation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Xiucheng; Han Dongzhan; Wang Shuping; Zhang Shoumin; Wang Shurong; Huang Weiping; Wu Shihua

    2005-01-01

    CeO2 was synthesized via sol-gel process and used as supporter to prepare CuO/CeO2, Cu/CeO2 catalysts by impregnation method. The catalytic properties and characterization of CeO2, CuO/CeO2 and Cu/CeO2 catalysts were examined by means of a microreactor-GC system, HRTEM, XRD, TPR and XPS techniques. The results show that CuO has not catalytic activity and the activity of CeO2 is quite low for CO oxidation. However, the catalytic activity of CuO/CeO2 and Cu/CeO2 catalysts increases significantly. Furthermore, the activity of CuO/CeO2 is higher than that of Cu/CeO2 catalysts.

  2. CE IGCC repowering project: Clean Coal II Project. Annual report, 1 January, 1992--31 December, 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-12-01

    CE is participating in a $270 million coal gasification combined cycle repowering project that will provide a nominal 60 MW of electricity to City, Water, light and Power (CWL and P) in Springfield, Illinois. The IGCC system will consist of CE`s air-blown entrained flow two-stage gasifier; an advanced hot gas cleanup system; a combustion turbine adapted to use low-Btu gas: and all necessary coal handling equipment. The project is currently in the second budget period of five. The major activities during this budgeted period are: Establishment of an approved for design (AFD) engineering package; development of a detailed cost estimate; resolution of project business issues; CWL and P renewal and replacement activities; and application for environmental air permits. The Project Management Plan was updated. The conceptual design of the plant was completed and a cost and schedule baseline for the project was established previously in Budget Period One. This information was used to establish AFD Process Flow Diagrams, Piping and Instrument Diagrams, Equipment Data Sheets, material take offs, site modification plans and other information necessary to develop a plus or minus 20% cost estimate. Environmental permitting activities are continuing. At the end of 1992 the major activities remaining for Budget Period two is to finish the cost estimate and complete the Continuation Request Documents.

  3. Fabrication and characterization of spark plasma sintered Ce:LuAG ceramic for scintillation application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, S. Arun; Senthilselvan, J.

    2016-05-01

    Rare earth Cerium doped Lutetium Aluminum Garnet (Ce:LuAG) ceramics are widely used as phosphor material in medical imaging and high-energy physics. Due to its technological importance, an attempt has been made to fabricate Ce:LuAG ceramics by using spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique. XRD patterns of SPS sintered Ce:LuAG ceramics reveals a mixed LuAG and CeO2 (antisite defect) phases. The microstructures of SPS sintered Ce:LuAG ceramics shows limited densification, inappropriate compaction of particles and existence of residual pores, voids between the grain boundaries affects the transparency of Ce:LuAG ceramics. Relative density and hardness of post sintered Ce:LuAG ceramic is also determined. The effect of Ce3+ doping concentration and sintering temperature on optical luminescence behavior of Ce:LuAG ceramic is presented.

  4. New numerical algorithms in SUPER CE/SE and their applications in explosion mechanics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The new numerical algorithms in SUPER/CESE and their applications in explosion mechanics are studied. The researched al-gorithms and models include an improved CE/SE (space-time Conservation Element and Solution Element) method,a local hybrid particle level set method,three chemical reaction models and a two-fluid model. Problems of shock wave reflection over wedges,explosive welding,cellular structure of gaseous detonations and two-phase detonations in the gas-droplet system are simulated by using the above-mentioned algorithms and models. The numerical results reveal that the adopted algorithms have many advantages such as high numerical accuracy,wide application field and good compatibility. The numerical algo-rithms presented in this paper may be applied to the numerical research of explosion mechanics.

  5. Near infrared emission of TbAG:Ce3+,Yb3+ phosphor for solar cell applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meshram, N. D.; Yadav, P. J.; Pathak, A. A.; Joshi, C. P.; Moharil, S. V.

    2016-05-01

    Luminescent materials doped with rare earth ions are used for many devices such as optical amplifiers in telecommunication, phosphors for white light emitting diodes (LEDs), displays, and so on. Recently, they also have attracted a great interest for photovoltaic applications to improve solar cell efficiency by modifying solar spectrum. Crystal silicon (c-Si) solar cells most effectively convert photons of energy close to the semiconductor band gap. The mis-match between the incident solar spectrum and the spectral response of solar cells is one of the main reasons to limit the cell efficiency. The efficiency limit of the c-Si has been estimated to be 29% by Shockley and Queisser. However, this limit is estimated to be improved up to 38.4% by modifying the solar spectrum by a quantum cutting (down converting) phosphor which converts one photon of high energy into two photons of lower energy. The phenomenon such as the quantum cutting or the down conversion of rare earth ions have been investigated since Dexter reported the possibility of a luminescent quantum yield greater than unity in 1957. In the past, the quantum cutting from a vacuum ultraviolet photon to visible photons for Pr3+, Gd3+,Gd3+-Eu3+, and Er3+-Tb3+ had been studied. Recently, a new quantum cutting phenomenon from visible photon shorter than 500 nm to two infrared photons for Tb3+-Yb3+, Pr3+-Yb3+, and Tm3+-Yb3+ has been reported. The Yb3+ ion is suitable as an acceptor and emitter because luminescent quantum efficiency of Yb3+ is close to 100% and the energy of the only excited level of Yb3+ (1.2 eV) is roughly in accordance with the band gap of Si (1.1 eV). In addition, the Ce3+-doped Tb3Al5O12 (TbAG), used as a phosphor for white LED, has broad absorption bands in the range of 300-500 nm due to strong ligand field and high luminescent quantum efficiency. Therefore, the Ce3+ ions in the TbAG can be suitable as an excellent sensitizing donor for down conversion materials of Si solar cells. In this

  6. The application of Ce-Zr oxide solid solution to oxygen storage promoters in automotive catalysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ozawa, Msakuni (Toyota Central Research and Development Labs. Inc., Aichi (Japan)); Kimura, Mareo (Toyota Central Research and Development Labs. Inc., Aichi (Japan)); Isogai, Akio (Toyota Central Research and Development Labs. Inc., Aichi (Japan))

    1993-03-15

    The complex oxides in the CeO[sub 2]-ZrO[sub 2] system were examined for the improvement of oxygen storage capacity in automotive catalysts. The formation of Ce-Zr oxide solid solution improved the thermal stability and activity of CeO[sub 2]. The Ce-Zr addition enhanced the removal activity for CO, NO[sub x] and hydrocarbons under dynamic air-fuel ratio condition. The automotive catalyst was designed and developed through research on the oxides in the CeO[sub 2]-ZrO[sub 2] system. (orig.)

  7. Aerogels: II. Applications in catalysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlović Aleksandar M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Sol-gel synthesis, and the resulting materials (xerogels and aerogels are finding increasing application in the synthesis of catalysts, due to their unique characteristics. The most important features of the sol-gel process are: the ability to achieve homogeneity at the molecular level, the introduction of several species in only one step and the ability to stabilize metastable phases. The supercritical drying process produces aerogels with structural features quite different to conventional materials. Some of these characteristics of aerogels can make them very effective catalysts.

  8. Synthesis of Ba-doped CeO{sub 2} nanowires and their application as humidity sensors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang Zuwei [Department of Applied Physics, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China); Hu Chenguo [Department of Applied Physics, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China); Xiong Yufeng [National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, Beijing 100080 (China); Yang Rusen [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 (United States); Wang Zhonglin [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 (United States)

    2007-11-21

    Ba-doped CeO{sub 2} nanowires were obtained from CeO{sub 2} particles through a facile composite-hydroxide-mediated (CHM) route. The products were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM). The formation process of the product was discussed. Humidity sensors based on the source material CeO{sub 2} particles, Ba-doped CeO{sub 2} nanowires grown for 12 and 72 h, were fabricated. The responses to humidity for static and dynamic testing proved that both doping Ba into CeO{sub 2} and converting morphology into a nanowire can improve the humidity sensitivity. The resistance changes from 465 to 3.9 M{omega} as the relative humidity (RH) increases from 25% to 88%, indicating promising applications of Ba-doped CeO{sub 2} nanowires in environmental monitoring.

  9. 77 FR 72840 - CE FLNG, LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas Produced...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ..., LLC; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas Produced From Domestic... million tons per annum (mtpa) of domestically produced liquefied natural gas (LNG), the equivalent of... facilities to receive and liquefy domestic natural gas at the proposed Project. CE FLNG states that...

  10. Adsorption of Ce(Ⅳ) Anionic Nitrato Complexes onto Anion Exchangers and Its Application for Ce(Ⅳ) Separation from Rare Earths(Ⅲ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Ce(Ⅳ) nitrato complexes were adsorbed on two anion exchangers based on polyvinyl pyridine (PVP) and quaternized PVP incorporated into porous silica matrix. The effect of nitric acid concentration (0.5~6 mol·L-1) and temperature (278~318 K) on Ce(Ⅳ) sorption efficiency was investigated. Sorption increased with increasing nitric acid concentration, indicating that [Ce(NO3)6]2- complex is the main adsorbed Ce(Ⅳ) species. Oxidation of sorbents by adsorbed Ce(Ⅳ) species resulting in Ce(Ⅲ) release to the solution was observed. Pyridine based anion exchangers exhibited higher oxidation stability compared to the commercial strong base anion exchanger. Ce(Ⅳ) reduction was temperature dependent and obeyed pseudo-first-order reaction kinetics. Column separation of Ce(Ⅳ) from La(Ⅲ) and Y(Ⅲ) was carried out from 6 mol·L-1 nitric acid with PVP based anion exchanger. Reasonable Ce(Ⅳ) breakthrough capacity (0.7 mol·kg-1 PVP) was achieved. No remarkable decrease of capacity was observed within 3 consequent runs. In contrast, Ce(Ⅲ) leakage due to reduction decreased and breakthrough capacity slightly increased. This effect was more pronounced with increasing temperature. Regeneration with 0.1 mol·L-1 nitric acid was successful (recovery 100%±4%) and Ce solution of high purity (>99.97%) with respect to La and Y content was gained.

  11. Room-temperature fabricated, fully transparent resistive memory based on ITO/CeO2/ITO structure for RRAM applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismail, Muhammad; Rana, Anwar Manzoor; Talib, Ijaz; Tsai, Tsung-Ling; Chand, Umesh; Ahmed, Ejaz; Nadeem, Muhammad Younus; Aziz, Abdul; Shah, Nazar Abbas; Hussain, Muhammad

    2015-01-01

    Fully transparent resistive random access memory (TRRAM) device based on CeO2 as active layer using indium-tin-oxide (ITO) electrodes was fabricated on glass substrate. The ITO/CeO2/ITO memory device shows 81% transmission of visible light, optical band gap energy of 4.05 eV, and exhibits reliable bipolar resistive switching behavior. X-ray diffraction of CeO2 thin films demonstrated a weak polycrystalline phase. The low field conduction is dominated by Ohmic type while Poole-Frenkel effect is responsible for conduction in the high field region. The device reliability investigations, such as data retention (over 104 s) under applied stress and endurance tests conducted at room temperature and 85 °C show potential of our TRRAM devices for future non-volatile memory applications.

  12. Effect of the Addition of CeO2 to Iron Phosphate Glass for Catalytic Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Jae-Yeop; Kim, Jong-Hwan; Choi, Su-Yeon; Ryu, Bong-Ki

    2015-10-01

    We investigated the effect of CeO2 content on the catalytic behavior and chemical properties of the (100 - x)(80P2O5-20Fe2O3)-xCeO2 (x = 0, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 wt%) glass system. Using thermogravimetric analysis, we confirmed that the catalytic activity increased until a CeO2 content of 16 wt%, beyond which, it decreased. The reasons for the change in the catalytic properties of the glass samples were determined using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and density analyses. It was confirmed using the FT-IR and XPS-01s spectra that CeO2 acts as a network modifier in iron phosphate glass. When the CeO2 content is above 16 wt%, the number of non-bridging oxygen atoms decreases with increasing CeO2 content. For these reasons, the catalytic properties decrease when the CeO2 content is more than 16 wt%. From the dissolution rate measurements, it can be observed that cerium-iron phosphate has a high water resistance. Also, as we expected, it can be confirmed that the chemical durability is improved with increasing CeO2 content.

  13. Preparation of nanosized yttrium doped CeO2 catalyst used for photocatalytic application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Akbari-Fakhrabadi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the present work, the pure CeO2 and yttrium doped CeO2 nanopowders were synthesized by the nitrate-fuel self-sustaining combustion method and calcined at 700 °C for 2 h. X-ray diffraction (XRD and high resolution electron transmission microscopy (HRTEM results demonstrated a cubic fluorite with high purity and the crystallite sizes less than 20 nm calculated from Scherrer’s formula. The BET specific surface area of yttrium doped CeO2 samples showed high values than those of pure CeO2. The photocatalytic activity of yttrium doped CeO2 showed high degradation of Rhodamine B solution under visible light illumination.

  14. Controllable synthesis of CeO2/g-C3N4 composites and their applications in the environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    She, Xiaojie; Xu, Hui; Wang, Hefei; Xia, Jiexiang; Song, Yanhua; Yan, Jia; Xu, Yuanguo; Zhang, Qi; Du, Daolin; Li, Huaming

    2015-04-21

    This research has developed a photocatalytic reactor that includes circulating water, light, and a temperature control system. CeO2/g-C3N4 composites with high photocatalytic activity and stability were synthesized by a simple and facile hydrothermal method. The obtained photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). It was found that in the CeO2/g-C3N4 composites, the CeO2 nanoparticles were homogeneously cubic in shape (from 3 to 10 nm) and were evenly dispersed on the surface of the g-C3N4. At constant temperature (30 °C), 5% CeO2/g-C3N4 photocatalyst showed the best photocatalytic activity for degrading organic dye methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation. The photocatalytic reaction for degrading MB followed first-order kinetics and 5% CeO2/g-C3N4 exhibited a higher apparent rate of 1.2686 min(-1), 7.8 times higher than that of the pure g-C3N4 (0.1621 min(-1)). In addition, it was found that 5% CeO2/g-C3N4 had a new property that it could be used as a sensor for the determination of trace amounts of Cu(2+). Such unique design and one-step synthesis, with an exposed high-activity surface, are important for both technical applications and theoretical investigations.

  15. Light response of YAP:Ce and LaBr{sub 3}:Ce scintillators to 4–30 MeV protons for applications to Telescope Proton Recoil neutron spectrometers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cazzaniga, C., E-mail: carlo.cazzaniga@stfc.ac.uk [ISIS Facility, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Istituto di Fisica del Plasma “P. Caldirola”, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA/CNR, Via Cozzi 53, Milano (Italy); Cremona, A. [Istituto di Fisica del Plasma “P. Caldirola”, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA/CNR, Via Cozzi 53, Milano (Italy); Nocente, M.; Rebai, M.; Rigamonti, D. [Istituto di Fisica del Plasma “P. Caldirola”, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA/CNR, Via Cozzi 53, Milano (Italy); Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Dipartimento di Fisica, Piazza della Scienza 3, Milano (Italy); Tardocchi, M. [Istituto di Fisica del Plasma “P. Caldirola”, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA/CNR, Via Cozzi 53, Milano (Italy); Croci, G. [Istituto di Fisica del Plasma “P. Caldirola”, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA/CNR, Via Cozzi 53, Milano (Italy); Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Dipartimento di Fisica, Piazza della Scienza 3, Milano (Italy); Ericsson, G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, EURATOM-VR Association, Uppsala University, Uppsala (Sweden); Fazzi, A. [Department of Energy of the Politecnico di Milano, via Lambruschini 4, I-20156 Milano (Italy); Hjalmarsson, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, EURATOM-VR Association, Uppsala University, Uppsala (Sweden); Mazzocco, M.; Strano, E. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universitá di Padova, and INFN, Sez. di Padova, I-35131 Padova (Italy); and others

    2016-06-01

    The light response of two thin inorganic scintillators based on YAP:Ce and LaBr{sub 3}:Ce crystals has been measured with protons in the 4–8 MeV energy range at the Uppsala tandem accelerator and in the 8–26 MeV energy range at the Legnaro tandem accelerator. The crystals have been calibrated in situ with {sup 137}Cs and {sup 60}Co γ-ray sources. The relative light yields of protons with respect to gammas have been measured and are here reported to be (96±2)% and (80±2)% for YAP:Ce and LaBr{sub 3}:Ce, respectively. The results open up to the development of a Telescope Proton Recoil spectrometer based on either of the two crystals as alternative to a silicon based spectrometer for applications to high neutron fluxes.

  16. Ce0.98Pd0.02O2-: Recyclable, ligand free palladium(II) catalyst for Heck reaction

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S R Sanjaykumar; Bhaskar Devu Mukri; Satish Patil; Giridhar Madras; M S Hegdea

    2011-01-01

    Palladium substituted in cerium dioxide in the form of a solid solution, Ce0.98 Pd0.02 O1.98 is a new heterogeneous catalyst which exhibits high activity and 100% trans-selectivity for the Heck reactions of aryl bromides including heteroaryls with olefins. The catalytic reactions work without any ligand. Nanocrystalline Ce0.98 Pd0.02 O1.98 is prepared by solution combustion method and Pd is in +2 state. The catalyst can be separated, recovered and reused without significant loss in activity.

  17. Ni-CeO2 spherical nanostructures for magnetic and electrochemical supercapacitor applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murugan, Ramachandran; Ravi, Ganesan; Vijayaprasath, Gandhi; Rajendran, Somasundharam; Thaiyan, Mahalingam; Nallappan, Maheswari; Gopalan, Muralidharan; Hayakawa, Yasuhiro

    2017-02-08

    The synthesis of nanoparticles has great control over the structural and functional characteristics of materials. In this study, CeO2 and Ni-CeO2 spherical nanoparticles were prepared using a microwave-assisted method. The prepared nanoparticles were characterized via thermogravimetry, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman, FTIR, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The pure CeO2 sample exhibited a flake-like morphology, whereas Ni-doped CeO2 showed spherical morphology with uniform shapes. Spherical morphologies for the Ni-doped samples were further confirmed via TEM micrographs. Thermogravimetric analyses revealed that decomposition varies with Ni-doping in CeO2. XRD revealed that the peak shifts towards lower angles for the Ni-doped samples. Furthermore, a diamagnetic to ferromagnetic transition was observed in Ni-doped CeO2. The ferromagnetic property was attributed to the introduction of oxygen vacancies in the CeO2 lattice upon doping with Ni, which were confirmed by Raman and XPS. The pseudo-capacitive properties of pure and Ni-doped CeO2 samples were evaluated via cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge studies, wherein 1 M KOH was used as the electrolyte. The specific capacitances were 235, 351, 382, 577 and 417 F g(-1) corresponding to the pure 1%, 3%, 5% and 7% of Ni doped samples at the current density of 2 A g(-1), respectively. The 5% Ni-doped sample showed an excellent cyclic stability and maintained 94% of its maximum specific capacitance after 1000 cycles.

  18. Exogenous surfactant application in a rat lung ischemia reperfusion injury model: effects on edema formation and alveolar type II cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richter Joachim

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Prophylactic exogenous surfactant therapy is a promising way to attenuate the ischemia and reperfusion (I/R injury associated with lung transplantation and thereby to decrease the clinical occurrence of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, there is little information on the mode by which exogenous surfactant attenuates I/R injury of the lung. We hypothesized that exogenous surfactant may act by limiting pulmonary edema formation and by enhancing alveolar type II cell and lamellar body preservation. Therefore, we investigated the effect of exogenous surfactant therapy on the formation of pulmonary edema in different lung compartments and on the ultrastructure of the surfactant producing alveolar epithelial type II cells. Methods Rats were randomly assigned to a control, Celsior (CE or Celsior + surfactant (CE+S group (n = 5 each. In both Celsior groups, the lungs were flush-perfused with Celsior and subsequently exposed to 4 h of extracorporeal ischemia at 4°C and 50 min of reperfusion at 37°C. The CE+S group received an intratracheal bolus of a modified natural bovine surfactant at a dosage of 50 mg/kg body weight before flush perfusion. After reperfusion (Celsior groups or immediately after sacrifice (Control, the lungs were fixed by vascular perfusion and processed for light and electron microscopy. Stereology was used to quantify edematous changes as well as alterations of the alveolar epithelial type II cells. Results Surfactant treatment decreased the intraalveolar edema formation (mean (coefficient of variation: CE: 160 mm3 (0.61 vs. CE+S: 4 mm3 (0.75; p 3 (0.90 vs. CE+S: 0 mm3; p 3 (0.39 vs. CE+S: 268 mm3 (0.43; p 3(0.10 and CE+S (481 μm3(0.10 compared with controls (323 μm3(0.07; p Conclusion Intratracheal surfactant application before I/R significantly reduces the intraalveolar edema formation and development of atelectases but leads to an increased development of

  19. Preparation of Na{sub 4}UO{sub 2}(CO{sub 3}){sub 3} in presence of Ce-141. II, Treatment of uranium decontamination; Preparacion del Na{sub 4}UO{sub 2}(CO{sub 3}){sub 3} en presencia de Ce-141. II, Tratamiento de descontaminacion de uranio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez M, B.E.; Rodriguez S, A

    1992-02-15

    It was settled down that the coexistence of chemical species structurally different of cerium, is a consequence of the preparation time; whose practical application, for the purification of the uranium, it can constitute the technological aspect but important in the ion exchange process, to separate the Ce-141 from the uranium. (Author)

  20. Mn3O4-CeO2 nano-catalysts: Synthesis, characterization and application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anushree, Sharma, C.; Kumar, S.

    2016-05-01

    Nano-sized Mn3O4-CeO2 catalysts were synthesized by a cost effective co-precipitation method, and were studied as a heterogeneous catalyst for wet air oxidation of paper industry wastewater at mild operating conditions of 90 °C and 1 atm. The structural, micro-structural and textural properties of synthesized catalysts were studied through various characterization techniques, i.e. XRD, TEM, N2-sorption and EDS. The catalytic activity of Mn3O4-CeO2 was interestingly found to be higher than the corresponding single-metal oxides, and the Ce50Mn50 nano-catalyst with small crystallite size (4.5 nm), high specific surface area (75 m2g-1) and high porosity (0.24 ccg-1) was found to be most efficient with 69% color, 60% COD, 59% TOC, 48% AOX removal.

  1. Air, aqueous and thermal stabilities of Ce3+ ions in cerium oxide nanoparticle layers with substrates

    KAUST Repository

    Naganuma, Tamaki

    2014-01-01

    Abundant oxygen vacancies coexisting with Ce3+ ions in fluorite cerium oxide nanoparticles (CNPs) have the potential to enhance catalytic ability, but the ratio of unstable Ce3+ ions in CNPs is typically low. Our recent work, however, demonstrated that the abundant Ce3+ ions created in cerium oxide nanoparticle layers (CNPLs) by Ar ion irradiation were stable in air at room temperature. Ce valence states in CNPs correlate with the catalytic ability that involves redox reactions between Ce3+ and Ce4+ ions in given application environments (e.g. high temperature in carbon monoxide gas conversion and immersion conditions in biomedical applications). To better understand the mechanism by which Ce3+ ions achieve stability in CNPLs, we examined (i) extra-long air-stability, (ii) thermal stability up to 500 °C, and (iii) aqueous stability of Ce 3+ ions in water, buffer solution and cell culture medium. It is noteworthy that air-stability of Ce3+ ions in CNPLs persisted for more than 1 year. Thermal stability results showed that oxidation of Ce 3+ to Ce4+ occurred at 350 °C in air. Highly concentrated Ce3+ ions in ultra-thin CNPLs slowly oxidized in water within 1 day, but stability was improved in the cell culture medium. Ce 3+ stability of CNPLs immersed in the medium was associated with phosphorus adsorption on the Ce3+ sites. This study also illuminates the potential interaction mechanisms of stable Ce3+ ions in CNPLs. These findings could be utilized to understand catalytic mechanisms of CNPs with abundant oxygen vacancies in their application environments. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2014.

  2. Variational Mote Carlo Study of Flat Band Ferromagnetism -- Application to CeRh_3 B_2

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    A new mechanism for ferromagnetism in CeRh_3B_2 is proposed on the basis of variational Monte Carlo results. In a one-dimensional Anderson lattice where each 4f electron hybridizes with a ligand orbital between neighboring Ce sites, ferromagnetism is stabilized due to a nearly flat band which is a mixture of conduction and 4f electron states. Because of the strong spin-orbit interaction in 4f electron states, and of considerable amount of hybridization in the nearly flat band, the magnetic mo...

  3. Paramagnetic properties of noncentrosymmetric superconductors: application to CePt3Si.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samokhin, K V

    2005-01-21

    In a noncentrosymmetric crystal, the Zeeman interaction of the band electrons with an external magnetic field is highly anisotropic in the momentum space, vanishing along some high-symmetry planes. One of the consequences is that the paramagnetic susceptibility in superconductors without inversion symmetry, such as CePt3Si, shows an unusual temperature dependence.

  4. Investigation of RuBPS-Ce(IV) chemiluminescence reaction and its application in determination of two diuretics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xi Juan [College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Ji Xinghu [College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Zhang Shaohong [College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Xiang Fan Vocational and Technical College, Xiangfan 441021 (China); Ai Xinping [College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); He Zhike [College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)]. E-mail: zhkhe@whu.edu.cn

    2005-06-13

    The chemiluminescence mechanism of tris-(4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthrolinedisulfonic acid)ruthenium(II) (RuBPS)-Ce(IV) system and the effects of two diuretics, hydrochlorothiazide and furosemide, on its chemiluminescence intensity were investigated in detail. It was found that each of the two diuretics could enhance the chemiluminescence emission intensity of RuBPS-Ce(IV) system, based on which, they were sensitively detected by chemiluminescence analysis, respectively. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the linear range and detection limit of hydrochlorothiazide were 2.5 x 10{sup -3} to 6.0 x 10{sup -1} {mu}g ml{sup -1} and 1.0 x 10{sup -3} {mu}g ml{sup -1}, respectively; those of furosemide were 1.0 x 10{sup -2} to 4.0 {mu}g ml{sup -1} and 8.8 x 10{sup -3} {mu}g ml{sup -1}, respectively. The proposed method has been applied to analyze the pharmaceuticals with satisfied results.

  5. High-resolution application of YAG:Ce and LuAG:Ce imaging detectors with a CCD X-ray camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Touš, Jan; Horváth, Martin; Pína, Ladislav; Blažek, Karel; Sopko, Bruno

    2008-06-01

    A high-resolution CCD X-ray camera based on YAG:Ce or LuAG:Ce thin scintillators is presented. High-resolution in low-energy X-ray radiation is proved with several objects. The spatial resolution achieved in the images is about 1 μm. The high-resolution imaging system is a combination of a high-sensitivity digital CCD camera and an optical system with a thin scintillator-imaging screen. The screen can consist of YAG:Ce or LuAG:Ce inorganic scintillator [J.A. Mares, Radiat. Meas. 38 (2004) 353]. These materials have the advantages of mechanical and chemical stability and non-hygroscopicity. The high-resolution imaging system can be used with different types of radiation (X-ray, electrons, UV, and VUV [M. Nikl, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17 (2006) R37]). The objects used for the imaging tests are grids and small animals with features of several microns in size. The resolution capabilities were tested using different types of CCD cameras and scintillation imaging screens.

  6. Separation Of Cadmium(II, Cobalt(II And Nickel(II By Transport Through Polymer Inclusion Membranes With Phosphonium Ionic Liquid As Ion Carrier / Separacja Jonów Kadmu(II, Kobaltu(II I Niklu(II W Procesie Transportu Przez Polimerowe Membrany Inkluzyjne Zawierające Fosfoniową Ciecz Jonową W Roli Przenośnika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pospiech B.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents study on the facilitated transport of cadmium(II, cobalt(II and nickel(II ions from aqueous chloride solutions through polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs with phosphonium ionic liquid. Cyphos IL 101 (trihexyl(tetradecyl phosphonium chloride was used as a selective carrier for synthesis of cellulose triacetate membranes containing o-nitrophenyl pentyl ether (ONPPE as a plasticizer. Effect of different parameters such as hydrochloric acid concentration in the source phase as well as ion carrier concentration in the polymer membrane on metal ions transport has been investigated. Cd(II was transported preferably from hydrochloric acid solutions containing Co(II and Ni(II through PIM containing 18.8 wt.% CTA and 26.0 wt.% Cyphos 101 and 55.1 wt.% ONPPE into 0.5 M HNO3 as the receiving phase. The obtained results suggest that there is a possibility of application of this membrane with Cyphos IL 101 as ion carrier for separation of Cd(II over Co(II and Ni(II from hydrochloric acid solutions.

  7. Pencil Beam Spectral Measurements of Ce, Ho, Yb, and Ba Powders for Potential Use in Medical Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Martini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to obtain modified X-ray spectra, by using appropriate filter materials for use in applications such as dual energy X-ray imaging. K-edge filtering technique was implemented in order to obtain narrow energy bands for both dual- and single-kVp techniques. Three lanthanide filters (cerium, holmium, and ytterbium and a filter outside lanthanides (barium, with low K-edge, were used to modify the X-ray spectra. The X-ray energies that were used in this work ranged from 60 to 100 kVp. Relative root mean square error (RMSE and the coefficient of variation were used for filter selection. The increasing filter thicknesses led to narrower energy bands. For the dual-kVp technique, 0.7916 g/cm2 Ho, 0.9422 g/cm2 Yb, and 1.0095 g/cm2 Yb were selected for 70, 80, and 90 kVp, respectively. For the single-kVp technique 0.5991 g/cm2 Ce, 0.8750 g/cm2 Ba, and 0.8654 g/cm2 Ce were selected for 80, 90, and 100 kVp, respectively. The filtered X-ray spectra of this work, after appropriate modification, could be used in various X-ray applications, such as dual-energy mammography, bone absorptiometry, and digital tomosynthesis.

  8. Quasiparticle band structure for the Hubbard systems: Application to. alpha. -CeAl sub 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa-Quintana, J.; Lopez-Aguilar, F. (Departamento de Fisica, Grupo de Electromagnetismo, Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain (ES)); Balle, S. (Departament de Fisica, Universitat de les Illes Balears, E-07071 Palma de Mallorca, Spain (ES)); Salvador, R. (Control Data Corporation, TALLAHASSEE, FL (USA) Supercomputer Computations Research Institute, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306-4052 (USA))

    1990-04-01

    A self-energy formalism for determining the quasiparticle band structure of the Hubbard systems is deduced. The self-energy is obtained from the dynamically screened Coulomb interaction whose bare value is the correlation energy {ital U}. A method for integrating the Schroedingerlike equation with the self-energy operator is given. The method is applied to the cubic Laves phase of {alpha}-CeAl{sub 2} because it is a clear Hubbard system with a very complex electronic structure and, moreover, this system provides us with sufficient experimental data for testing our method.

  9. Nano-engineered ZnO/CeO2 dots@CNFs for fuel cell application

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Well-dispersed ZnO(x)CeO2(1−x) nanodots@carbon nanofibers as anode catalysts for the electrooxidation of methanol were synthesized by an easy-controlled template-free method. Their structure and morphology were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) equipped with rapid EDX (energy dispersive analysis of X-ray). The appealed characterization techniques specified that the obtained m...

  10. Preparations and Applications of Nanocrystalline CeO2 Powders%纳米CeO2粉末的制备及应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高勇; 王玲玲; 刘晃清

    2004-01-01

    综述了近年来国内外有关纳米CeO2粉末制备方法的报道,主要有沉淀法、溶胶-凝胶法、低温燃烧合成法、溶剂热法等,还介绍其在汽车尾气净化催化剂、抛光粉、紫外吸收材料、新型结构陶瓷等方面的应用,最后提出掺杂元素的纳米CeO2粉末的应用前景.

  11. Application of CE-MS to examination of black inkjet printing inks for forensic purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kula, Agnieszka; Król, Małgorzata; Wietecha-Posłuszny, Renata; Woźniakiewicz, Michał; Kościelniak, Paweł

    2014-10-01

    The potential of capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry with electrospray ion source and time of flight analyser (CE-ESI-TOF-MS) in the analysis of inkjet inks was investigated. The developed and validated method allowed reliable and repeatable analysis of black inkjet inks extracted from printouts. Over a dozen inkjet printouts printed on various printer models from different manufacturers were analysed under selected conditions to determine the variation of chemical composition of inks between different brands and types. It was ascertained that the developed method is capable of revealing qualitative differences between ink samples. For most of the investigated inks, the studies showed the presence of a characteristic mass spectrum originating from the surfactant or polymer. The mass distribution of the additive is distinctive for some inkjet ink producers, and allows for group identification of inks. The results showed the strength of the CE-ESI-TOF-MS method as an effective technique for forensic purposes, requiring a small amount of inkjet ink samples and giving analytical information that is useful in the identification of compounds.

  12. The response of a fast scintillator screen (YAP:Ce) to low energy ions (0-40 keV) and its use to detect fast-ion-loss in stellarator TJ-II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, M.; Zurro, B.; Baciero, A.; Jiménez-Rey, D.; Tribaldos, V.; Malo, M.; Crespo, M. T.; Muñoz, D.

    2016-11-01

    A systematic study of scintillation materials was undertaken to improve the time resolution of the fast ion diagnostic currently installed at TJ-II stellarator. It was found that YAP:Ce (formula YAlO3:Ce, Yttrium Aluminum Perovskite doped with Cerium) ionoluminescence offers better sensitivity and time response compared to the standard detector material, SrGa2S4:Eu (TG-Green), currently used in TJ-II. A comparison between both materials was carried out by irradiating them with H+ ions of up to 40 keV using a dedicated laboratory setup. It is found that for the low energy ions of interest at TJ-II, YAP:Ce offers 20 times higher sensitivity than TG-Green and much faster decay time, 27 ns versus 540 ns. It is expected that the use of YAP:Ce in combination with a faster data acquisition and an ion counting software as part of the TJ-II ion luminescent probe will provide 20 times faster data on ion loss.

  13. Synthesis, phase stability and oxide ion conductivity of Ce(IV)-Cd(II) double substituted bismuth vanadate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beg, Saba; Haneef, Sadaf

    2015-11-01

    Bi4V2O11-δ has been doped with Ce and Cd to study double substitution. The system with various dopant concentrations (0.07 ≤ x ≤ 0.30) was prepared by the standard solid-state reaction method. The correlation between the polymorphism and oxide ion performance was well investigated as a function of temperature and composition with the help of thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and AC impedance spectroscopy. From XRD results it is seen that the high oxide ion conducting tetragonal γ-phase is stabilized for x = 0.17. For the compositions x ≤ 0.10, monoclinic α-phase is retained at room temperature with clear evidence for two successive phase transitions α ↔ β and β ↔ γ. For x = 0.13, β ↔ γ phase transition is seen. However, the existence of order-disorder, γ' ↔ γ transition was confirmed for x = 0.17. It is seen that the highest low-temperature ionic conductivity at 320 °C is 3.19 × 10-4 S cm-1 which was observed for x = 0.17.

  14. Rose Bengal sensitized bilayered photoanode of nano-crystalline TiO2-CeO2 for dye-sensitized solar cell application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayyed, Suhail A. A. R.; Beedri, Niyamat I.; Kadam, Vishal S.; Pathan, Habib M.

    2016-08-01

    The present work deals with the study of TiO2-CeO2 bilayered photoanode with low-cost Rose Bengal (RB) dye as sensitizer for dye-sensitized solar cell application. The recombination reactions are reduced in bilayered TiO2-CeO2 photoanode as compared to the single-layered CeO2 photoanode. Once the electrons get transferred from lowest unoccupied molecular orbital level of RB dye to the conduction band (CB) of TiO2, then the possibilities of recombination of electrons with oxidized dye molecules or oxidized redox couple are reduced. This is because the CB position of CeO2 is higher than that of TiO2, which blocks the path of electrons. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analysis shows negative shift in frequency for bilayered TiO2-CeO2 photoanode as compared to CeO2 photoanode. Hence, in bilayered photoanode lifetime of electrons is more than in single-layered photoanode, confirming reduction in recombination reactions. The X-ray diffraction patterns confirm both anatase TiO2 and CeO2 with crystalline size using Scherrer formula as 24 and 10 nm, respectively. The scanning electron microscopy images of photoanode show the porous structure useful for dye adsorption. The presence of Ti and Ce is confirmed by electron diffraction studies. The band gap values for TiO2 and CeO2 were calculated as 3.20 and 3.11 eV, respectively, using diffused reflectance spectroscopy. The bilayered TiO2-CeO2 photoanode showed open-circuit voltage ( V OC) ~500 mV and short-circuit photocurrent density ( J SC) ~0.29 mA/cm2 with fill factor (FF) ~62.17 %. There is increase in V OC and J SC values by 66.67 and 38.10 %, respectively, compared to RB-sensitized CeO2 photoanode.

  15. 毛细管电泳-电致化学发光联用技术应用进展%Recent Progress of Application of CE-ECL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡月芳; 李建平; 刘蓉; 郝再彬

    2011-01-01

    A review on the application of capillary electrophoresis hyphenated with electrochemiluminescence (CE-ECL) was presented, relating especially to its principle and application to analysis of pharmaceutical, biological, environmental, food and agricultural samples during the years from 1983-2010. (66 ref. Cited).%介绍了毛细管电泳-电致化学发光联用技术(CE-ECL)的检测原理,重点评述了1983-2010年间CE-ECL在药物制品、生物样品、环境和食品、农产品分析中的应用(引用文献66篇)。

  16. Preparation and characterization of Cu-Ce-La mixed oxide as water-gas shift catalyst for fuel cells application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHI Keduan; LIU Quansheng; ZHAO Ruigang; HE Runxia; ZHANG Lifeng

    2008-01-01

    Cu-Ce-La mixed oxides were prepared by three precipitation methods (coprecipitation, homogeneous precipitation, and deposition precipitation) with variable precipitators and characterized using X-ray diffraction, BET, temperature-programmed reduction, and catalytic reaction for the water-gas shift. The Cu-Ce-La mixed oxide prepared by coprecipitation method with NaOH as precipitator presented the highest activity and thermal stability. Copper ion substituted quadrevalent ceria entered CeO2 (111) framework was in favor of activity and thermal stability of catalyst. The crystallinity of fresh catalysts increased with the reduction process. La3+ or Ce4+ substituted copper ion entered the CeO2 framework during reduction process. The coexistence of surface copper oxide (crystalline) and pure bulk crystalline copper oxide both contributed to the high activity and thermal stability of Cu-Ce-La mixes oxide catalyst.

  17. The properties of nano(ZnO-CeO2)@polysiloxane core-shell microspheres and their application for fabricating optical diffusers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jingang; Zhou, Yuming

    2016-03-01

    In this study, we presented a novel hybrid material with good thermal stability. Moreover, its application for optical diffusers displayed excellent properties. Tensile testing indicated the improved mechanical properties of this novel film. It can improve the performance of polymer matrix in mechanic and thermal properties via adding nano(ZnO-CeO2)@polysiloxane into resin. Photoluminescence properties of nano(ZnO-CeO2)@polysiloxane proved the hybrid structure, and it can broaden the application of diffusers. In addition, the UV-vis-NIR spectra analysis confirmed that novel diffuser had a good UV-shielding effect and it owned a strong NIR absorption, which had a potential application in absorbing materials and night vision LCD monitor products. The results of lasers scattering showed the novel diffuser based on the fillers of nano(ZnO-CeO2)@polysiloxane microspheres possessed suitable light transmittance, good diffusion capacity, and low incident angle dependence, which were critical and necessary for excellent optical diffusers. When the concentration of nano(ZnO-CeO2)@polysiloxane was up to 15 wt%, the diffuser possessed superior light diffusing effect exceeding optical diffusers on market. Thus, it can be expectable for wild application in preparing various multifunctional diffusion materials such as monitors, touch-panel functions, military projectors, etc.

  18. Enoch, the 'Watchers', Seth’s Descendants and Abraham as Astronomers : Jewish Applications of the Greek Motif of the First Inventor (300 BCE-CE 100)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooten, George H. van

    1999-01-01

    George H. van Kooten, “Enoch, the ‘Watchers’, Seth’s Descendants and Abraham as Astronomers: Jewish Applications of the Greek Motif of the First Inventor (300 BCE-CE 100),” in Recycling Biblical Figures: Papers Read at a NOSTER Colloquium in Amsterdam, 12-13 May 1997 (ed. Athalya Brenner and Jan Wil

  19. Macrocyclic receptor showing extremely high Sr(II)/Ca(II) and Pb(II)/Ca(II) selectivities with potential application in chelation treatment of metal intoxication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreirós-Martínez, Raquel; Esteban-Gómez, David; Tóth, Éva; de Blas, Andrés; Platas-Iglesias, Carlos; Rodríguez-Blas, Teresa

    2011-04-18

    these metal ions are exocyclically coordinated by the ligand, which explains the high Pb(II)/Cd(II) and Pb(II)/Zn(II) selectivities. Our receptor bp18c6(2-) shows promise for application in chelation treatment of metal intoxication by Pb(II) and (90)Sr(II).

  20. CYCLODEXTRINS - FIELFS OF APPLICATION. PART II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gh. Duca

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper represents an analysis of potential and current applications of cyclodextrins as biologically active substances in medicine. The main applications described here include use of cyclodextrins as agents that form inclusion complexes with endogenous substances (membrane lipids, cellular cholesterol, agents that form inclusion complexes with exogenous substances with their man role as guest molecules (sugammadex, FBCx, agents that block endogenous and exogenous macromolecules (ion channels, anthrax toxin, α-hemolysin, and agents which activity is based on the chemical nature of them and of their derivatives (cyclodextrin polysulphate derivatives. The fi rst classifi cation for medically important biological activity of cyclodextrins has been proposed.

  1. Synthesis of Ag, CeO2, Ag-CeO2 Nanoparticles and Their Applications in Catalytic CO Oxidation%纳米Ag,CeO2和Ag-CeO2的合成及在CO催化氧化中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈婧; 黄新松; 李广社

    2013-01-01

    CeO2 and Ag nanoparticles and Ag-Ce02nanocomposites were systematically prepared. The structures of the catalysts and the catalytic activity for CO oxidation were studied. The results indicate that the catalytic activity of Ag is rather poor. The highest conversion of CO oxidation was only 40% , and smaller particles led to the worsening of the catalytic activity; for CeO2 nanoparticles, the conversion of CO oxidation could be as high as 100% , while the reaction temperature was relatively high( ca. 350 ℃ ). Compared with CeO2 and Ag nanoparticles, Ag-CeO2 nanocomposites showed a markedly enhanced catalytic property; CO can be completely oxidized to CO2 at temperature as low as 150 ℃. The excellent catalytic performance of the Ag-CeO2 nanocomposites is due to the interactions between Ag and CeO2 in nanocomposites. We discussed the relevant catalytic processes using temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) technology.%系统合成了不同粒径的CeO2和Ag纳米粒子及Ag-CeO2纳米复合粒子,并对其进行了结构表征和CO催化氧化性能测试.结果表明,Ag纳米粒子的催化活性较低,以其为催化剂时CO的最大催化转化率仅为40%,且粒径越小越容易失活;在CeO2纳米粒子催化下,CO的催化转化率可达到100%,但催化反应的温度较高(约350℃);与CeO2和Ag相比,Ag-CeO2的催化性能明显增强,CO在较低的温度(150℃)下可实现完全转化.程序升温还原(Temperature-programmed reduction,TPR)分析结果表明,纳米复合材料中Ag和CeO2之间的相互作用是产生优异催化性能的关键原因.

  2. Organic electronics II more materials and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Klauk, Hagen

    2012-01-01

    Like its predecessor this book is devoted to the materials, manufacturing and applications aspects of organic thin-film transistors. Onceagain authored by the most renowned experts from this fascinating and fast-moving area of research, it offers a joint perspective bothbroad and in-depth on the latest developments in the areas of materials chemistry, transport physics, materials characterization, manufacturing technology, and circuit integration of organic transistors. With its many figures and detailed index, this book once again also serves as a ready reference.

  3. Regge calculus and observations. II. Further applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Ruth M.; Ellis, G. F. R.

    1984-11-01

    The method, developed in an earlier paper, for tracing geodesies of particles and light rays through Regge calculus space-times, is applied to a number of problems in the Schwarzschild geometry. It is possible to obtain accurate predictions of light bending by taking sufficiently small Regge blocks. Calculations of perihelion precession, Thomas precession, and the distortion of a ball of fluid moving on a geodesic can also show good agreement with the analytic solution. However difficulties arise in obtaining accurate predictions for general orbits in these space-times. Applications to other problems in general relativity are discussed briefly.

  4. New LaPrCe Mixed RE Alloy (LPC) And Its Application in Non-ferrous Metals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    New LaPrCe mixed RE alloy (LPC) is a new product that is produced from LPC rare earth chloride. Large stockpile of La, Ce and Pr is concerned by persons in RE industry at home and abroad. Popularization of the alloy is helpful to solve this problem. Today, LPC is applied in many fields. It could substitute for Ce-rich mixed rare earths as the negative pole materials for NiMH batteries. When applied in microalloying steel, LPC could significantly improve the physical and mechanical performances of the materi...

  5. Preparation of AAO-CeO2 nanotubes and their application in electrochemical oxidation desulfurization of diesel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Xiaoqing; Yang, Yumeng; Yi, Chenxi; Chen, Yu; Cai, Chao; Zhang, Zhao

    2017-02-01

    The coaxial arrays of AAO-CeO2 NTs have been successfully galvanostatically deposited on an anode, characterized and adopted as a catalyst for removing organic sulfurs from diesel. The influence of the main electrochemical oxidation factors on the efficiency of desulfurization have also been investigated. The results show that the fabrication process of AAO-CeO2 NTs is accompanied by the formation of a new phase, namely Al3Ce, and the main oxidation products of the diesel are soluble inorganic sulphides, especially Ce2(SO4)3. When compared with dibenzothiophene and 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene, benzothiophene is much more easily removed, with a removal efficiency that reaches 87.2%. Finally, a possible electrochemical oxidation desulfurization pathway for diesel is proposed.

  6. INCA-CE project: status and results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strauss, Franziska; Meirold-Mautner, Ingo; Bica, Benedikt; Kann, Alexander; Wang, Yong

    2013-04-01

    Every year, Central Europe (CE) is affected by weather extremes challenging civil protection authorities, hydrologists and road maintenance services to timely warnings. Within the INCA-CE project (Integrated Nowcasting through Comprehensive Analysis in Central Europe; http://www.inca-ce.eu) which is supported by the European Regional Development Fund a deepened transnational cooperation between meteorological/hydrological services and three application areas is established. This guarantees for both enhancements of meteorological products in the sense of end-user friendliness, and standardized information exchange across borders. At present, INCA-CE is the only project throughout the world which connects cooperation to such an extent with respect to its transnational and multidisciplinary framework (in the meanwhile it has been chosen as World Weather Research Programme/Forecast Demonstration Project by the World Meteorological Organization). Key partners from eight countries (from national meteorological/hydrological services and the three different application areas) accept the challenge to work on standardization and harmonization tools. Therefore, the INCA nowcasting system - developed at the Austrian weather service (ZAMG) in the 1990ies - has been implemented at all CE meteorological/hydrological services and is advanced and refined to the specific user needs to (i) provide high quality nowcasting products which are standardized and harmonized across borders, (ii) improve information chains from models to warnings and protection measures in case of disaster, and (iii) make the public and stakeholders more familiar with meteorological products. However, the potential to achieve these listed improvements is only possible through the intense transnational and multidisciplinary cooperation, because for one institution and one country alone it would be impossible to cope with all the necessary tasks. In this presentation the status and results of the INCA-CE

  7. Variational Monte Carlo Study of Flat Band Ferromagnetism —Application to CeRh3B2—

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kono, Hiroshi N.; Kuramoto, Yoshio

    2006-08-01

    A new mechanism for ferromagnetism in CeRh3B2 is proposed on the basis of variational Monte Carlo results. In a one-dimensional Anderson lattice where each 4 f electron hybridizes with a ligand orbital between neighboring Ce sites, ferromagnetism is stabilized due to a nearly flat band which is a mixture of conduction and 4 f electron states. Because of the strong spin-orbit interaction in 4 f electron states, and of considerable amount of hybridization in the nearly flat band, the magnetic moments from 4 f and conduction electrons tend to cancel each other. The resultant ferromagnetic moment becomes smaller as compared with the local 4 f moment, and the Fermi surface in the ferromagnetic ground state is hardly affected by the presence of 4 f electrons. These theoretical results are consistent with experimental observations in CeRh3B2 by neutron scattering and dHvA effects.

  8. High Performance Liquid Chromatography/Video Fluorometry. Part II. Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-09-30

    HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY /VIDEO FLUOROMETRY. PART...REP«T_N&:-ŗ/ High Performance Liquid Chromatography /Video Fluorometry» Part II. Applications« by | Dennis C./Shelly* Michael P./Vogarty and...Data EnlirtdJ REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE t. REPORT NUMBER 2 GOVT ACCESSION NO 4. T1TI.F (and Submit) lP-^fffsyva High Performance Liquid Chromatography

  9. One pot auto-ignition based synthesis of novel Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4}: Ho{sup 3+} nanophosphor for photoluminescent applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monika, D.L., E-mail: 0810monika@gmail.com [Prof. C.N.R. Rao Centre for Nano Research, Tumkur University, Tumkur 572103 (India); Nagabhushana, H., E-mail: bhushanvlc@gmail.com [Prof. C.N.R. Rao Centre for Nano Research, Tumkur University, Tumkur 572103 (India); Nagabhushana, B.M. [Department of Chemistry, M. S. Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore 560054 (India); Sharma, S.C. [Dayananda Sagar University, Shavige Malleshwara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout, Bangalore 560078 (India); Anantharaju, K.S. [Department of Science, Research Center, East West Institute of Technology, Bangalore 560 091 (India); Daruka Prasad, B. [Department of Physics, BMS Institute of Technology, VTU-Belagavi, Bangalore 560 064 (India); Shivakumara, C. [Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India)

    2015-11-05

    Ho{sup 3+} (0.25–7 mol%) doped Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4} nanophosphors were synthesized by solution combustion method using urea as fuel. The structural properties of the nanophosphors were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction studies (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. UV–Visible and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopic techniques were used for analysing the optical properties of the nanoparticles. PXRD and TEM results revealed the formation of Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4}: Ho{sup 3+} nanocrystalline particles with orthorhombic crystal structure. From the UV–Vis studies the optical band gap energy found to decrease from 5.9 to 5.74 eV with increase in dopant concentration. The PL spectra exhibit the broad excitation band from 200 to 400 nm which concurs well with the commercial near UV LED. The PL spectra vary with the dopant content due to energy transfer from the host to the activator. In this present work we demonstrate that color tuning of phosphor can be achieved by merely varying the Ho{sup 3+} ions concentration. The CIE and CCT chromaticity coordinates suggests Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4}: Ho{sup 3+} nanophosphors may be potentially applicable as promising single – phased phosphors for lighting applications. - Highlights: • For the first time we report the luminescence studies on Ho{sup 3+}: Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4} phosphor. • Pure orthorhombic phosphor is obtained by one pot solution combustion method. • Color tuning of the phosphor is achieved by merely varying Ho{sup 3+} concentration. • Energy transfer involved in color tuning is discussed in detail.

  10. Thermoelastic and structural properties of ionically conducting cerate perovskites: (II) SrCeO3 between 1273 K and 1723 K

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knight, Kevin S.; Haynes, Richard; Bonanos, Nikolaos

    2015-01-01

    The temperature dependence of the crystal structure and the thermoelastic properties of SrCeO3 have been determined from Rietveld refinement of high resolution, neutron time-of-flight powder diffraction data collected in 5 K intervals between 1273 K and 1723 K. No evidence was found for critical ...

  11. Investigation of structural and magnetic properties of Ce{sup 3+}-substituted nanosized Co–Cr ferrites for a variety of applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mustafa, Ghulam, E-mail: ghulammustafabzu@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Islam, M.U. [Department of Physics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Zhang, Wenli [State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films and Integrated Devices, Chengdu 610054 (China); Jamil, Yasir [Department of Physics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040 (Pakistan); Anwar, Abdul Waheed [Department of Physics, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore 54890 (Pakistan); Hussain, Mudassar [Department of Physics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800 (Pakistan); Ahmad, Mukhtar, E-mail: ahmadmr25@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan)

    2015-01-05

    Highlights: • Ce-substituted spinel ferrites synthesized by coprecipitation route have been investigated. • The average particle size was in the range of 30.8–63.7 nm estimated by Scherer formula. • Saturation magnetization values were decreased with increasing Ce contents. • Coercivity for all samples is suitable for recording media, switching and EM materials. - Abstract: Nanocrystalline samples of Ce{sup 3+} substituted Co–Cr ferrite with chemical formula CoCr{sub 0.04}Ce{sub x}Fe{sub 1.96−x}O{sub 4} (0 ⩽ x ⩽ 0.1) have been synthesized by co-precipitation method and sintered at a temperature of 850 °C for 8 h. The samples were characterized using thermo-gravimetric and differential thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometry. The XRD patterns and FTIR spectra confirm that the prepared samples reveal the formation of spinel ferrites. The average particle size was found to be in the range of 30.8–63.7 nm estimated by Scherer formula. The lattice constant varies in the range of 8.352–8.382 Å due to difference in the ionic radii of the substituted cations. IR studies confirm two main absorption bands in the frequency range of 400–800 cm{sup −1} arising due to the tetrahedral (A-site) and octahedral (B-site) stretching vibrations. The elemental analysis as obtained from the EDXS measurement is in close agreement with the expected composition from the stoichiometry of the reactant solutions. The M–H loops show that the saturation magnetization decreased gradually with increasing Ce content, while the coercivity is related to the microstructure of Ce-substituted samples. The obtained results suggest that the investigated materials are potential candidates for magnetic recording media, security, switching and high frequency applications.

  12. Purification of hydrogen from carbon monoxide for fuel cell application over modified mesoporous CuO-CeO2 catalysts

    KAUST Repository

    Li, Jing

    2011-08-01

    Selective oxidation of CO in H2-rich streams was carried out over a series of CuO-CeO2 catalysts doped by different transition metals (Mn, Fe, Ni, Ti, Co and Cr). The effect of the dopants on the structure and catalytic properties of CuO-CeO2 catalysts was investigated by N2 adsorption/desorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), H2 temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectra and in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) techniques. The results show that the addition of Mn and Fe plays a beneficial role in extending the low-temperature catalytic activity of CuO-CeO2 catalysts, whereas the introduction of Cr and Co leads to a negative effect on the catalytic activity and resistance against CO2 and H2O. The superior catalytic performance of CuO-CeO2 catalysts with Mn and Fe doping originates from the enhanced interaction between copper and ceria, owing to the formation of more Cu+ and oxygen vacancies in the solid solution framework. While the poor catalytic activity of the Co doped counterpart is mainly ascribed to the substitution of introduced cobalt ions for copper ions in ceria lattice, resulting in the segregation of copper ions from the ceria lattice and the consequent aggregation of copper species on the ceria surface. The doping of Cr into CuO-CeO2 structure remarkably weakens the interaction between copper and ceria, which decreases the reducibility of copper species and inhibits the formation of Cu+. It accounts for the lowest catalytic activity. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

  13. Study on methane selective catalytic reduction of NO on Pt/Ce0.67Zr0.33O2 and its application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhimin Liu; Kangcai Wang; Xiaoyu Zhang; Jianli Wang; Hongyan Cao; Maochu Gong; Yaoqiang Chen

    2009-01-01

    Monolithic catalysts of Pt/La-Al2O3 and Pt/Ce0.67Zr0.33O2 were prepared to investigate methane selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO.The results indicate that Pt/Ce0.67Zr0.33O2 shows high activity and both NO and CH4 can be converted completely at 450 ℃.Meanwhile,NO and CH4 can be converted completely when there exists excess oxygen.The Pt/Ce0.67Zr0.33O2 catalyst were further investigated by using methane as reducing agent to SCR NO in a novel equipment which combined the CH4 selective catalytic reduction of NO with methane combustion.The result shows that the catalyst is high active and the novel equipment is very effective.The conversion of NO is above 92% under the conditions used in this work.The prepared burner and catalysts have great potential for application.

  14. Bifunctional Ce(1-x)Eu(x)O2 (0 ≤x≤ 0.3) nanoparticles for photoluminescence and photocatalyst applications: an X-ray absorption spectroscopy study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Aditya; Varshney, Mayora; Park, Jaehun; Ha, Tae Kyun; Chae, Keun Hwa; Shin, Hyun Joon

    2015-11-28

    Ce1-xEuxO2 (0 ≤x≤ 0.3) nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by the chemical precipitation method. The microstructures and morphology were characterized by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectra at the Eu M5,4-edge and atomic-multiplet calculations revealed that Eu(3+) was predominantly present in the CeO2 lattice and Eu(2+) was negligibly present within the entire doping range. The detailed analysis of the Ce M5,4-edge and the O K-edge has shown strong dependence of the Ce(3+)/Ce(4+) ratio and oxygen vacancy with Eu content. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra at the Ce K-edge, along with theoretical fitting, have shown systematic variation in the coordination number, bond length and Debye-Waller factor with Eu doping. A blue shift in the absorption edge was observed which implies a net increase in the charge transfer gap between the O 2p and Ce 4f bands due to the increased number of Ce(3+) ions in the Eu doped samples. The excitation and emission spectra of pure CeO2 NPs did not show any photoluminescence (PL) characteristic; however, Ce1-xEuxO2 (x = 0.1-0.3) NPs showed significant improvements in the 4f-4f, (5)D0-(7)F2 and (5)D0-(7)F1 transitions induced luminescence properties. Eu doping has two major effects on the electronic structure and optical properties of CeO2 NPs: the first, at an Eu content of 10 mol%, is the formation of Ce(4+)-O-Eu(3+) networks, i.e., Eu(3+) ions substitute the Ce(4+) ions and introduce oxygen vacancies and Ce(3+) ions in the host lattice, which favors the (5)D0-(7)F2 induced PL properties. The other, at an Eu doping over 10 mol%, is the formation of both Ce(4+)-O-Eu(3+) and Ce(3+)-O-Eu(3+), i.e., Eu(3+) ions not only take substitutional sites of Ce(4+) ions but also replace a fraction of Ce(3+) ions in the CeO2 lattice which favors (5)D0-(7)F1 induced PL properties. As an application of CeO2 NPs towards the

  15. Separation Of Cadmium(II), Cobalt(II) And Nickel(II) By Transport Through Polymer Inclusion Membranes With Phosphonium Ionic Liquid As Ion Carrier / Separacja Jonów Kadmu(II), Kobaltu(II) I Niklu(II) W Procesie Transportu Przez Polimerowe Membrany Inkluzyjne Zawierające Fosfoniową Ciecz Jonową W Roli Przenośnika

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents study on the facilitated transport of cadmium(II), cobalt(II) and nickel(II) ions from aqueous chloride solutions through polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs) with phosphonium ionic liquid. Cyphos IL 101 (trihexyl(tetradecyl) phosphonium chloride) was used as a selective carrier for synthesis of cellulose triacetate membranes containing o-nitrophenyl pentyl ether (ONPPE) as a plasticizer. Effect of different parameters such as hydrochloric acid concentration in the source ph...

  16. Commercial Applications at FRM II Based on Neutron Irradiations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerstenberg, H.; Draack, A.; Kastenmuller, A. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Munchen (Germany)

    2013-07-01

    Due to its design as a heavy water moderated reactor with a very compact core FRM II, Germany's most modern and most powerful research reactor, offers excellent conditions for basic research using beam tubes. On the other hand it is equipped with various irradiation facilities to be used mainly for industrial purposes. From the very beginning of reactor operation a dedicated department had been implemented in order to provide a neutron irradiation service to interested parties on a commercial basis. As of today the most widely used application is Si doping. The semiautomatic doping facility accepts ingots with diameters between 125 mm and 200 mm and a maximum height of 500 mm. The irradiation channel is located deep in the heavy water tank and exhibits a ratio of thermal/fast neutron flux density of > 1000. This value allows the doping of Si to a target resistivity as high as 1100 Ωcm within the tight limits regarding accuracy and homogeneity specified by the customer. Typically the throughput of Si doped in FRM II sums up to about 15 t/year. Another topic of growing importance is the use of FRM II aiming the production of radioisotopes mainly for the radiopharmaceutical industry. The maybe most challenging example is the production of Lu-177 n. c. a. based on the irradiation of Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3} to a high fluence of thermal neutrons of typically 1.5E20 cm{sup -2}. The Lu-177 activity delivered to the customer is in the range of 750 GBq. With respect to further processing it turned out to be a highly advantageous to have the laboratories of ITG, the company extracting the Lu-177 from the freshly irradiated Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3} on site FRM II. Further irradiation facilities are available at FRM II in order to allow the activation of samples for analytical purposes or to irradiate samples for geochronological investigations using the fission track technique. Finally a project on the future installation of a facility dedicated to the irradiation of U-targets for

  17. Scanning tunneling microscopy II further applications and related scanning techniques

    CERN Document Server

    Güntherodt, Hans-Joachim

    1992-01-01

    Scanning Tunneling Microscopy II, like its predecessor, presents detailed and comprehensive accounts of the basic principles and broad range of applications of STM and related scanning probe techniques. The applications discussed in this volume come predominantly from the fields of electrochemistry and biology. In contrast to those described in Vol. I, these sudies may be performed in air and in liquids. The extensions of the basic technique to map other interactions are described inchapters on scanning force microscopy, magnetic force microscopy, scanning near-field optical microscopy, together with a survey of other related techniques. Also described here is the use of a scanning proximal probe for surface modification. Togehter, the two volumes give a comprehensive account of experimental aspcets of STM. They provide essentialreading and reference material for all students and researchers involvedin this field.

  18. Scanning tunneling microscopy II further applications and related scanning techniques

    CERN Document Server

    Güntherodt, Hans-Joachim

    1995-01-01

    Scanning Tunneling Microscopy II, like its predecessor, presents detailed and comprehensive accounts of the basic principles and broad range of applications of STM and related scanning probe techniques. The applications discussed in this volume come predominantly from the fields of electrochemistry and biology. In contrast to those described in STM I, these studies may be performed in air and in liquids. The extensions of the basic technique to map other interactions are described in chapters on scanning force microscopy, magnetic force microscopy, and scanning near-field optical microscopy, together with a survey of other related techniques. Also described here is the use of a scanning proximal probe for surface modification. Together, the two volumes give a comprehensive account of experimental aspects of STM. They provide essential reading and reference material for all students and researchers involved in this field. In this second edition the text has been updated and new methods are discussed.

  19. Preparation of CeO2 Nanoparticles and Its Application to Ion-selective Electrodes Based on Acetyl Cellulose

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    CeO2 nanoparticles with an average diameter of about 30 nm were prepared by sol-gel method at lower temperature. The gel, transformed from the aqueous solution of metal nitrate and citric acid, can be combusted completely at lower temperature. The redox behavior and the crystallization process of the dried gel were studied by thermogravimetric analysis and infrared spectroscopy. The synthesized powders were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. In addition, rare earth elements ion-selective electrodes based on acetyl cellulose were prepared using ultra fine cerium oxide powders.

  20. Escultores académicos del siglo XVIII en el Diccionario de Ceán Bermúdez. Nuevas adiciones (II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albarrán Martín, Virginia

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available In A.E.A. number 310 we presented Ceán Bermúdez's information on sculptors whose surnames begin with the letters A through E, entries which were finally not included in his Diccionario de los más ilustres profesores de las Bellas Artes en España (1800. In this second part, we continue from F to Z. The scarcity of bibliography concerning some of these artists means that these documents are of prime importance, given that they frequently include unpublished information.

    En el número 310 de A.E.A. dimos a conocer aquellos artículos relativos a los escultores académicos desde la letra A hasta la E que fueron suprimidos en el momento de publicación del Diccionario de los más ilustres profesores de las Bellas Artes en España de Juan Agustín Ceán Bermúdez. Continuamos en esta segunda entrega con los correspondientes desde la letra F hasta el final. La escasez de bibliografía sobre algunos de los artistas mencionados convierte a estos documentos en fuentes de primer orden al contener datos en gran parte inéditos.

  1. Luminescence properties of Eu 2+- and Ce 3+-doped CaAl 2S 4 and application in white LEDs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Ruijin; Wang, Jing; Zhang, Jianhui; Yuan, Haibin; Su, Qiang

    2008-03-01

    The Eu 2+- and Ce 3+-doped CaAl 2S 4 phosphors were comparatively synthesized by conventional solid-state reaction and the evacuated sealed quartz ampoule. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns show that the sample with better crystalline quality was prepared by the evacuated sealed quartz ampoule, resulting in the enhancement of the emission intensity of Eu 2+ ion by a factor of 1.7. The intensive green LEDs were also fabricated by combining CaAl 2S 4:Eu 2+ with near-ultraviolet InGaN chips ( λem=395 nm). The dependence of as-fabricated green LEDs on forward-bias currents shows that it presents good chromaticity stability and luminance saturation, indicating that CaAl 2S 4:Eu 2+ is a promising green-emitting phosphor for a near-UV InGaN-based LED. In addition, the optical properties of CaAl 2S 4:Ce 3+ were systematically investigated by means of diffuse reflectance, photoluminescence excitation and emission, concentrating quenching and the decay curve.

  2. Czochralski growth of 2 in. Ce-doped (La,Gd)2Si2O7 for scintillator application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshikawa, Akira; Shoji, Yasuhiro; Kurosawa, Shunsuke; Chani, Valery I.; Murakami, Rikito; Horiai, Takahiko; Kamada, Kei; Yokota, Yuui; Ohashi, Yuji; Kochurikhin, Vladimir

    2016-10-01

    Growth of 2-in. diameter Ce-doped (La,Gd)2Si2O7 (La-GPS) scintillating crystals by Czochralski method using Ir crucible is reported. The composition of the host material was approximately equal to La0.5Gd1.5Si2O7 and the concentration of the Ce3+-activator was either 0.5 or 1.5 at.% with respect to the total content of the rare-earths forming the host crystal matrix. Effects of the hot zone construction including inductive coil position, presence/absence of the after-heater, rotation rate and other growth parameters on the crystal quality are discussed in some details. The crystals produced in optimized conditions were colorless, transparent, uniform in their shape, crack- and inclusions-free, and demonstrated smooth glass-like surface. The length of the crystals' cylindrically-shaped body parts exceed 100 mm. The growth results were well reproducible. The main disadvantage of the growth process is associated with short lifetime of the Ir crucible and its deformation caused by thermal expansion of the pre-solidified melt at each heating stage.

  3. Structural, mechanical and light yield characterisation of heat treated LYSO:Ce single crystals for medical imaging applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mengucci, P., E-mail: p.mengucci@univpm.it [Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche, 60131 Ancona (Italy); André, G. [Laboratoire Léon Brillouin, CEA-CNRS, CE-Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette cedex (France); Auffray, E. [Department PH-CMX CERN, Route de Meyrin, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Barucca, G. [Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche, 60131 Ancona (Italy); Cecchi, C. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia, Università di Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, 06123 Perugia (Italy); Chipaux, R. [CEA DSM/IRFU/SEDI, CE-Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette cedex (France); Cousson, A. [Laboratoire Léon Brillouin, CEA-CNRS, CE-Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette cedex (France); Davì, F. [Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche, 60131 Ancona (Italy); Di Vara, N. [Department PH-CMX CERN, Route de Meyrin, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Rinaldi, D.; Santecchia, E. [Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche, 60131 Ancona (Italy)

    2015-06-11

    Five single crystals of cerium-doped lutetium yttrium oxyorthosilicate (LYSO:Ce) grown by the Czochralski method were submitted to structural characterisation by X-ray (XRD) and neutron (ND) diffraction, scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy and energy dispersive microanalysis (EDS). The Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS), the Young Modulus (YM) and the Light Yield (LY) of the samples were also measured in order to correlate the mechanical and the optical behaviour of the crystals with the characteristics of their microstructure. Two of the samples analysed were also heat treated at 300 °C for 10 h to evidence possible variations induced by the temperature in the optical and mechanical response of the crystals. Results showed that the mean compositional variations evidenced by the structural analyses do not affect the mechanical and optical behaviour of the samples. On the contrary, the thermal treatment could induce the formation of coherent spherical particles (size 10 to 15 nm), not uniformly distributed inside the sample, that strongly reduce the UTS and YM values, but it does not affect the optical response of the crystal. This latter result was attributed to the low value of the heating temperature (300 °C) that is not sufficiently high to induce annealing of the oxygen vacancies traps that are responsible of the deterioration of the scintillation properties of the LYSO:Ce crystals. This study was carried out in the framework of the Crystal Clear Collaboration (CCC)

  4. Structural, mechanical and light yield characterisation of heat treated LYSO:Ce single crystals for medical imaging applications

    CERN Document Server

    Mengucci, P; Auffray, E; Barucca, G; Cecchi, C; Chipaux, R; Cousson, A; Davì, F; Di Vara, N; Rinaldi, D; Santecchia, E

    2015-01-01

    Five single crystals of cerium-doped lutetium yttrium oxyorthosilicate (LYSO:Ce) grown by the Czochralski method were submitted to structural characterisation by X-ray (XRD) and neutron (ND) diffraction, scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy and energy dispersive microanalysis (EDS). The Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS), the Young Modulus (YM) and the Light Yield (LY) of the samples were also measured in order to correlate the mechanical and the optical behaviour of the crystals with the characteristics of their microstructure. Two of the samples analysed were also heat treated at 300 °C for 10 h to evidence possible variations induced by the temperature in the optical and mechanical response of the crystals. Results showed that the mean compositional variations evidenced by the structural analyses do not affect the mechanical and optical behaviour of the samples. On the contrary, the thermal treatment could induce the formation of coherent spherical particles (size 10 to 15 nm), not unifo...

  5. Structure and photoluminescence properties of Na{sub 2}Y{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+},Tb{sup 3+} phosphors for solid-state lighting application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wen, Dawei; Yang, Hui; Yang, Guanhui; Shi, Jianxin, E-mail: cessjx@mail.sysu.edu.cn; Wu, Mingmei, E-mail: ceswmm@mail.sysu.edu.cn; Su, Qiang

    2014-05-01

    Novel phosphors of Na{sub 2}Y{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+} and Na{sub 2}Y{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+},Tb{sup 3+} were synthesized by a solid-state process and characterized with X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence (PL), PL excitation (PLE), and fluorescence decay time. The relationship between the observed Ce{sup 3+} emission properties and the crystal structure of Na{sub 2}Y{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7} is built and the result shows that Ce{sup 3+} ions occupy two non-equivalent Y{sup 3+} sites in the host. The codoping of Tb{sup 3+} in Na{sub 2}Y{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+} can tune the emitting colour from blue to green and increase the luminescence quantum efficiency to 75.2% by the energy transfer of Ce{sup 3+}→Tb{sup 3+}. The energy transfer processes of Ce{sup 3+}–Ce{sup 3+} and Ce{sup 3+}–Tb{sup 3+} are analysed and determined to be electric dipole–dipole and dipole–quadrupole, respectively. The broad PLE spectra of Na{sub 2}Y{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+} and Na{sub 2}Y{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+},Tb{sup 3+} are well matched with the emission from near UV LED chips, which indicates that they are promising blue and green phosphors for phosphor-converted white LEDs. - Graphical abstract: Colour-tunable phosphors Na{sub 2}Y{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+},Tb{sup 3+} with optimal quantum yield of 75.2% are synthesized and the phosphors can be served as n-UV pumped materials for LEDs. - Highlights: • Green phosphor Na{sub 2}Y{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+},Tb{sup 3+} with quantum efficiency of 75.2% for n-UV application is synthesized. • The site occupation of Ce{sup 3+} in Na{sub 2}Y{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7} is investigated with the crystal structure and photoluminescence spectra. • The energy transfer of Ce{sup 3+}–Ce{sup 3+} and Ce{sup 3+}–Tb{sup 3+}, which is responsible to the tunable emitting colour of the phosphor, is demonstrated and the mechanism is studied.

  6. A comparative study of CeO2-Al2O3 support prepared with different methods and its application on MoO3/CeO2-Al2O3 catalyst for sulfur-resistant methanation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Minhong; Wang, Baowei; Yao, Yuqin; Li, Zhenhua; Ma, Xinbin; Qin, Shaodong; Sun, Qi

    2013-11-01

    The CeO2-Al2O3 supports prepared with impregnation (IM), deposition precipitation (DP), and solution combustion (SC) methods for MoO3/CeO2-Al2O3 catalyst were investigated in the sulfur-resistant methanation. The supports and catalysts were characterized by N2-physisorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy (RS), and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR). The N2-physisorption results indicated that the DP method was favorable for obtaining better textural properties. The TEM and RS results suggested that there is a CeO2 layer on the surface of the support prepared with DP method. This CeO2 layer not only prevented the interaction between MoO3 and γ-Al2O3 to form Al2(MoO4)3 species, but also improved the dispersion of MoO3 in the catalyst. Accordingly, the catalysts whose supports were prepared with DP method exhibited the best catalytic activity. The catalysts whose supports were prepared with SC method had the worst catalytic activity. This was caused by the formation of Al2(MoO4)3 and crystalline MoO3. Additionally, the CeO2 layer resulted in the instability of catalysts in reaction process. The increasing of calcination temperature of supports reduced the catalytic activity of all catalysts. The decrease extent of the catalysts whose supports were prepared with DP method was the lowest as the CeO2 layer prevented the interaction between MoO3 and γ-Al2O3.

  7. On the Effect of Preparation Methods of PdCe-MOR Catalysts as NOx CH4-SCR System for Natural Gas Vehicles Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acácio Nobre Mendes

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In the present work, the effect of several parameters involved in the preparation of PdCe-HMOR catalysts active for NOx selective catalytic reduction with methane (NOx CH4-SCR was studied. Results show that the catalytic performance of Pd-HMOR is better when palladium is introduced by ion-exchange, namely at room temperature. It was also shown that Pd loading does not influence the formation of cerium species, namely surface Ce4+ (CeO2 species and CeO2 species in interaction with Pd. However, when Ce is introduced before Pd, more surface CeO2 species are stabilized in the support and less CeO2 become in interaction with Pd, which results in a worse NOx CH4-SCR catalytic performance.

  8. Study on application of CeO2 and CaCO3 nanoparticles in lubricating oils

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Caixiang; LI Qingzhu; GU Zhuoming; ZHU Guangyao

    2008-01-01

    The ceria (CeO2) nanoparticles and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) nanoparticles were chosen as additives of anti-wear and extreme pressure for lubricating oils, and the morphology and sizes of nanoparticles were examined using Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). The tribological performance of lubricating oils containing combined nanoparticles were determined by four-ball friction and wear tester, and the chemical composition of steel ball with worn surface were analyzed by X-ray Photoelectron Spectrum(XPS). The results showed that the lubricating oils containing combined nanoparticles had good anti-wear and friction reducing effects, and the tribological properties were optimal when WCeO2+CaCO3=0.6%, WCeO2:WCaCO3=1:1. The extreme pressure value increased by 40.25%, the wear spot diameter reduced by 33.5%, and friction coefficient reduced by 32% compared with 40CD oil. The coordinated action of big and small particles made anti-wear and friction reducing effective. Tribological chemical reactions resulting from the friction surface formed metal calcium, metal cerium and oxides film, and they could fill up the concave surface and protect the worn surface.

  9. Spectroscopic analysis of LYSO:Ce crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, A. F.; Carreira, J. F. C.; Rodrigues, J.; Sedrine, N. Ben; Castro, I. F. C.; Correia, P. M. M.; Veloso, J. F. C. A.; Rino, L.; Monteiro, T.

    2017-02-01

    Rare earth orthosilicates are among the most widely used scintillator materials in the last decades. Particularly, lutetium-yttrium oxyorthosilicate (LYSO) is known to exhibit great potentialities in the field of radiation detectors for medical imaging. Consequently, an in-depth knowledge of the material properties is of utmost interest for the mentioned applications. In this work the spectroscopic properties of commercial cerium doped lutetium-yttrium oxyorthosilicate crystals (LYSO:Ce) were investigated by Raman spectroscopy, steady state photoluminescence, photoluminescence excitation and time resolved photoluminescence. Site selective excitation was used under steady state (325 nm) and pulsed (266 nm) conditions to separately investigate the temperature dependence of the 5d → 4f Ce1 and Ce2 luminescence, allowing to establish the thermal quenching dependence of the Ce2 optical center. In the case of the Ce1 optical center, a luminescence quantum efficiency of 78% was obtained from 14 K to room temperature with 266 nm photon excitation.

  10. Synthesis and processing of intelligent cost-effective structures phase II (SPICES II): smart materials aircraft applications evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunne, James P.; Jacobs, Steven W.; Baumann, Erwin W.

    1998-06-01

    The second phase of the synthesis and processing of intelligent cost effective structures (SPICES II) program sought to identify high payoff areas for both naval and aerospace military systems and to evaluate military systems and to evaluate the benefits of smart materials incorporation based on their ability to redefine the mission scenario of the candidate platforms in their respective theaters of operation. The SPICES II consortium, consisting of The Boeing Company, Electric Boat Corporation, United Technologies Research Center, and Pennsylvania State University, surveyed the state-of-the-art in smart structures and evaluated potential applications to military aircraft, marine and propulsion systems components and missions. Eleven baseline platforms comprising a wide variety of missions were chosen for evaluation. Each platform was examined in its field of operation for areas which can be improved using smart materials insertion. Over 250 smart materials applications were proposed to enhance the platforms. The applications were examined and, when possible, quantitatively analyzed for their effect on mission performance. The applications were then ranked for payoff, risk, and time frame for development and demonstration. Details of the efforts made in the SPICES II program pertaining to smart structure applications on military and transport aircraft will be presented. A brief discussion of the core technologies will be followed by presentation of the criteria used in ranking each application. Thereafter, a selection of the higher ranking proposed concepts are presented in detail.

  11. Analysis on Application of Cohesive Devices in C-E Translation--A Case Study of English majors of Yulin University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高燕鹏

    2015-01-01

    This paper is an empirical study which investigated English-majored sophomores’ use of cohesive devices in performing C-E translation tasks in Yulin University.Through experimental analysis,the author comes up with three major findings,which can facility students C-E Translation.

  12. Analysis on Application of Cohesive Devices in C-E Translation——A Case Study of English majors of Yulin University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高燕鹏

    2015-01-01

    This paper is an empirical study which investigated English-majored sophomores’ use of cohesive devices in performing C-E translation tasks in Yulin University.Through experimental analysis,the author comes up with three major findings,which can facility students C-E Translation.

  13. Mineralization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) over the catalyst CuO-Co3O4-CeO2 and its applications in industrial odor control

    KAUST Repository

    Somekawa, Shouichi

    2011-12-01

    Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present at ppm levels were decomposed over the catalyst CuO-Co3O4-CeO2 (Cu:Co:Ce = 10:45:45 in mol) in an attempt to scale up for industrial odor control. In addition to enhancing the catalytic activity, CuO-Co3O4 and CeO2 helped, respectively, to maintain the strength of the pelleted catalysts and inhibit their sintering. Using toluene as a VOC model compound, kinetic analysis of the total oxidation to carbon dioxide was conducted. The odor emitted from paint-drying processes could be eliminated effectively using CuO-Co3O4-CeO2 (Cu:Co:Ce = 10:45:45) pelleted catalysts (188 ml) in a large-scale system. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. NSLS-II Digital RF Controller Logic and Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holub, B. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Gao, F. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Kulpin, J. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Marques, C. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Oliva, J. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Rose, J. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Towne, N. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2015-05-03

    The National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II) accelerator consists of the Storage Ring, the Booster Ring and Linac along with their associated cavities. Given the number, types and variety of functions of these cavities, we sought to limit the logic development effort by reuse of parameterized code on one hardware platform. Currently there are six controllers installed in the NSLS-II system. There are two in the Storage ring, two in the Booster ring, one in the Linac and one in the Master Oscillator Distribution system.

  15. A comparison between Ce(III) and Ce(IV) ions in photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程强; 施薇; 段炼; 孙彬哲; 李晓霞; 徐爱华

    2015-01-01

    Nano cerium oxides are efficient photocatalysts for pollutants degradation with highly dispersed Ce(III) ions as the sug-gested active species to promote the reaction, while Ce(IV) species do not behave as a catalyst. In this paper, to understand the mechanism of Ce-based photocatalysts, we studied the comparison of simple cerium ions, Ce(III) and Ce(IV) in aqueous solution for organic pollutants degradation under UV irradiation. Orange II (AOII), methyl orange, andp-nitrophenol were selected as the target pollutants. The formation and contribution of reactive oxygen species, the kinetics of Ce(IV) photoreduction and Ce(III) photooxida-tion, and the influence of solution pH were investigated in detail. It was found that at low pH Ce(IV) ions showed a higher activity for hydroxyl radicals production and AOII degradation than Ce(III) ions, which could be attributed to its fast reduction rate to Ce(III). However, its activity dramatically decreased when solution pH increased, and was also strongly influenced by the type of pollutants; while Ce(III) exhibited high degradation efficiency of all the tested pollutants over a wide pH range.

  16. Evaluation of physical characteristics of the Lu2SiO5:Ce3+ (LSO:Ce) scintillator in single crystal and in granular form for applications in X-ray medical imaging systems

    OpenAIRE

    Δαυίδ, Ευστράτιος

    2006-01-01

    For all medical imaging systems using X-rays or γ-rays, radiation detector development in general and scintillator development in particular are in full progress. There is a strong interest in the introduction of new dense, high-atomic-number inorganic scintillation crystals with a high light yield and a fast response, especially for PET and SPECT. Powder scintillators are of interest for projection X-ray imaging. For PET, research is focused on CeP3+P doped scintillators, employing the 5d → ...

  17. Applications of LaBr3(Ce) Gamma-ray Spectrometer Arrays for Nuclear Spectroscopy and Radionuclide Assay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regan, PH; Shearman, R.; Daniel, T.; Lorusso, G.; Collins, SM; Judge, SM; Bell; Pearce, AK; Gurgi, LA; Rudigier, M.; Podolyák, Zs; Mărginean, N.; Mărginean, R.; Kisyov, S.

    2016-10-01

    An overview of the use of discrete energy gamma-ray detectors based on cerium- doped LaBr3 scintillators for use in nuclear spectroscopy is presented. This review includes recent applications of such detectors in mixed, 'hybrid' gamma-ray coincidence detection arrays such ROSPHERE at IFIN-HH, Bucharest; EXILL+FATIMA at ILL Grenoble, France; GAMMASPHERE+FATIMA at Argonne National Laboratory, USA; FATIMA + EURICA, at RIKEN, Japan; and the National Nuclear Array (NANA) at the UK's National Physical Laboratory. This conference paper highlights the capabilities and limitations of using these sub-nanosecond 'fast-timing', medium-resolution gamma-ray detectors for both nuclear structure research and radionuclide standardisation. Potential future application of such coincidence scintillator arrays in measurements of civilian nuclear fuel waste evaluation and assay is demonstrated using coincidence spectroscopy of a mixed 134,7Cs source.

  18. Preparation of FexCe1-xOy solid solution and its application in Pd-only three-way catalysts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianqiang Wang; Meiqing Shen; Jun Wang; Mingshan Cui; Jidong Gao; Jie Ma; Shuangxi Liu

    2012-01-01

    FeOx-CeO2 mixed oxides with increasing Fe/(Ce+Fe) atomic ratio (1-20 mol%) were prepared by sol-gel method and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD),Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and Hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR) techniques.The dynamic oxygen storage capacity (DOSC) was investigated by mass spectrometry with CO/O2 transient pulses.The powder XRD data following Rietveld refinement revealed that the solubility limit of iron oxides in the CeO2 was 5 mol% based on Fe/(Ce+Fe).The lattice parameters experienced a decrease followed by an increase due to the influence of the maximum solubility limit of iron oxides in the CeO2.TPR analysis revealed that Fe introduction into ceria strongly modified the textual and structural properties,which influenced the oxygen handling properties.DOSC results revealed that Ce-based materials containing Fe oxides with multiple valences contribute to the majority of DOSC.The kinetic analysis indicated that the calculated apparent kinetic parameters obey the compensation effect.The three-way catalytic performance for Pd-only catalysts based on the Fe doping support exhibited the redundant iron species separated out of the CeO2 and interacted with the ceria and Pd species on the surface,which seriously influenced the catalytic properties,especially after hydrothermal aging treatment.

  19. Preparation and characterization of CNT-CeO2 nanocomposite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Jasmeet; Anand, Kanika; Singh, Ravi Chand

    2015-06-01

    This paper reports decoration of CeO2 nanoparticles on multi-walled carbon nanotubes through a reflux process in which Ce (NO3) 3.6H2O serves as precursor and hydrazine hydrate (N2H4.H2O) as reducing agent. Successful deposition of cubic fluorite CeO2 nanoparticles onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes has been confirmed by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS). It was found that CeO2 nanoparticles formed in the presence of CNTs were larger as compared to pure CeO2 nanoparticles. Raman analysis showed that CeO2 induced a decrease in the size of the carbon grain in the CNTs. A red shift from 460 cm-1 to 463 cm-1 for F2g mode of CeO2 has also been observed in Raman spectra of CNT- CeO2 nanocomposite as compared to pure CeO2. The CeO2 coated multi-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT-CeO2) nanocomposite would be a promising candidate for practical applications such as catalysis, sensing and power source applications.

  20. Effective synthesis route for red-brown pigments based on Ce - Pr - Fe - O and their potential application for near infrared reflective surface coating

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sriparasara Radhika; Kalarical Janardhanan Sreeram; Balachandran Unni Nair

    2014-01-01

    New cerium-based ceramic pigments, displaying Ce2Pr0.2FexO4.3+y stoichiometry, were obtained at low temperature using a sol-gel method. The powder precursor dissolved in 80% ethylene glycol was precipitated using ammonia and the obtained gel calcined at 800°C for 2 h to yield homogeneous and crystalline particles with a diameter of around 150 nm. The oxide was composed of cerium in its +4 oxidation state and Pr in its +3 oxidation state. The oxides with varying Fe content had an intense red-brown colour, with bandgap energy of around 2.2 eV at 0.1 mol% Fe doping. The near infra red reflectance from these pigments, a measure of their ability to reflect rather than absorb heat waves from sunlight was found to be 82.7%, even in the absence of a white reflective base. Such high near infra red reflectance from these pigments qualify them for being ideal cool pigments for surface coating applications.

  1. SAGE Version 7.0 Algorithm: Application to SAGE II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damadeo, R. P; Zawodny, J. M.; Thomason, L. W.; Iyer, N.

    2013-01-01

    This paper details the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiments (SAGE) version 7.0 algorithm and how it is applied to SAGE II. Changes made between the previous (v6.2) and current (v7.0) versions are described and their impacts on the data products explained for both coincident event comparisons and time-series analysis. Users of the data will notice a general improvement in all of the SAGE II data products, which are now in better agreement with more modern data sets (e.g. SAGE III) and more robust for use with trend studies.

  2. Application of a space-time CE/SE (Conversation Element/Solution Element) method to the numerical solution of chromatographic separation processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    including convection-difmsion-reaction PDEs are numerically solved using the two methods on the same spatial grid. Even though the CE/SE method uses a simple stencil structure and is developed on a simple mathematical basis (i.e., Gauss' divergence theorem), accurate and computationally-efficient solutions......For solving partial differential equations (or distributed dynamic systems), the method of lines (MOL) and the space-time conservation element and solution element (CE/SE) method are compared in terms of computational efficiency, solution accuracy and stability. Several representative examples....... It is concluded that the CE/SE method is adequate to capturing shocks in PDEs but for diffusion-dominated stiff PDEs, the MOL with an ODE time integrator is complementary to the CE/SE method....

  3. Spectral investigation of, Ce:YAG (:Pr3+, Eu3+, Gd3+) single crystals and their applications in white LEDs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜勇; 邵冲云; 董永军; 杨秋红; 华伟

    2015-01-01

    Eu3+, Pr3+, or Gd3+ codoped Ce:YAG single crystals were grown by using the Czochralski method. The pho-toluminescence (PL) emission and excitation spectra and transmittance were measured and investigated. The additional red-emitting bands were observed in the PL emission spectra of Eu,Ce:YAG and Pr,Ce:YAG single crystals and the forma-tion of noticeable peaks was studied with reference to the schematic energy level diagrams. A red-shifted phenomenon was observed in the PL emission spectrum of Gd,Ce:YAG. With codoped Eu3+, Pr3+, or Gd3+ ions, warmer white light was achieved for the white light emitting diodes and the color rendering index became higher.

  4. Fabrication of YBCO/CeO{sub 2}/YBCO crossover and via structures for digital circuit and integrated SQUID applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsukamoto, A.; Fukazawa, T.; Soutome, Y.; Tarutani, Y.; Takagi, K. [Hitachi Ltd Advanced Research Laboratory, Kokubunji, Tokyo 185-8601 (Japan)

    1999-11-01

    We have developed a multilayer process for fabricating crossover and via structures. A crossover structure with T{sub c}>85 K was fabricated by using an SrTiO{sub 3} buffer layer to repair the SrTiO{sub 3} surface damaged during etching. The interlayer resistance of a 10 {mu}m x 50 {mu}m crossover area was 150 k{omega}. Via contacts fabricated under various process conditions all showed residual resistance with reduced T{sub c}, indicating the formation of damaged layers at the contact interfaces. However, the I{sub c} measured through the via contacts fabricated under the optimal conditions exceeded 3 mA at 77 K which was high enough for most superconducting device applications. (author)

  5. Oxycline formation induced by Fe(II) oxidation in a water reservoir affected by acid mine drainage modeled using a 2D hydrodynamic and water quality model - CE-QUAL-W2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Ester; Galván, Laura; Cánovas, Carlos Ruiz; Soria-Píriz, Sara; Arbat-Bofill, Marina; Nardi, Albert; Papaspyrou, Sokratis; Ayora, Carlos

    2016-08-15

    The Sancho reservoir is an acid mine drainage (AMD)-contaminated reservoir located in the Huelva province (SW Spain) with a pH close to 3.5. The water is only used for a refrigeration system of a paper mill. The Sancho reservoir is holomictic with one mixing period per year in the winter. During this mixing period, oxygenated water reaches the sediment, while under stratified conditions (the rest of the year) hypoxic conditions develop at the hypolimnion. A CE-QUAL-W2 model was calibrated for the Sancho Reservoir to predict the thermocline and oxycline formation, as well as the salinity, ammonium, nitrate, phosphorous, algal, chlorophyll-a, and iron concentrations. The version 3.7 of the model does not allow simulating the oxidation of Fe(II) in the water column, which limits the oxygen consumption of the organic matter oxidation. However, to evaluate the impact of Fe(II) oxidation on the oxycline formation, Fe(II) has been introduced into the model based on its relationship with labile dissolved organic matter (LDOM). The results show that Fe oxidation is the main factor responsible for the oxygen depletion in the hypolimnion of the Sancho Reservoir. The limiting factors for green algal growth have also been studied. The model predicted that ammonium, nitrate, and phosphate were not limiting factors for green algal growth. Light appeared to be one of the limiting factors for algal growth, while chlorophyll-a and dissolved oxygen concentrations could not be fully described. We hypothesize that dissolved CO2 is one of the limiting nutrients due to losses by the high acidity of the water column. The sensitivity tests carried out support this hypothesis. Two different remediation scenarios have been tested with the calibrated model: 1) an AMD passive treatment plant installed at the river, which removes completely Fe, and 2) different depth water extractions. If no Fe was introduced into the reservoir, water quality would significantly improve in only two years

  6. Social Studies: Application Units. Course II, Teachers. Computer-Oriented Curriculum. REACT (Relevant Educational Applications of Computer Technology).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tecnica Education Corp., San Carlos, CA.

    This book is one of a series in Course II of the Relevant Educational Applications of Computer Technology (REACT) Project. It is designed to point out to teachers two of the major applications of computers in the social sciences: simulation and data analysis. The first section contains a variety of simulation units organized under the following…

  7. [Routine application of HLA class II oligotyping. Value of automatization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caillat-Zucman, S; Bach, J F

    1992-12-02

    HLA class II typing by DNA amplification and hybridization with allele-specific oligonucleotides has led to an improvement of the overall typing accuracy. In an attempt to apply this procedure to a large-scale analysis, we sought to implement an automation system using the Biomek 1,000 robotic work-station. This system allows a rapid preparation of many consecutive samples and avoids the risk of human errors. It is now routinely used in several laboratories.

  8. Experimental design in analytical chemistry--part II: applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebrahimi-Najafabadi, Heshmatollah; Leardi, Riccardo; Jalali-Heravi, Mehdi

    2014-01-01

    This paper reviews the applications of experimental design to optimize some analytical chemistry techniques such as extraction, chromatography separation, capillary electrophoresis, spectroscopy, and electroanalytical methods.

  9. Design, properties and application of a facile fluorescence switch for Cu(II)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diao, Haipeng; Niu, Weiping; Liu, Wen; Feng, Liheng; Xie, Jun

    2017-01-01

    A facile fluorescence switch based on Schiff base 2,2‧-[1,3-phenylenbis- (methylidynenitrilo)]bis[benzenethiol] (PMBB) has been developed and used to sensing metal ions. UV-vis absorption and fluorescence emission spectra show that the PMBB receptor has high selectivity and sensitivity for Cu(II) ions. Based on the photoinduced electron transfer (PET) and chelation enhanced fluorescence (CHEF) mechanisms, the receptor exhibits an fluorescence "turn-on" switch signal for Cu(II). The 1:1 binding mode of PMBB and Cu (II) ions can be obtained by the Job-plot and ESI-Mass spectra data. Noticeably, the color changes (from colorless to yellow) of PMBB solutions for Cu(II) sensing can be observed by naked eyes in the sunlight. The detection limit of the receptor for Cu(II) may reach 10- 7 mol/L with a good linear relation in the lower concentrations of Cu(II). To develop the practical application, the Cu(II) ions in swimming pool water samples were detected. Results show that PMBB receptor as a fluorescent probe can use to detect the trace level of Cu(II) in the environmental samples. This work contributes to providing a facile strategy for designing efficient probes and developing their practical application value.

  10. Scintillation characteristics of nonstoichiometric phases formed in MF sub 2 -GdF sub 3 -CeF sub 3 system Part II. (M=Ba), scintillation of Ba sub 1 sub - sub x Ce sub x F sub 2 sub + sub x (0.1<=x<=0.45) fluorite type crystals

    CERN Document Server

    Kobayashi, M; Sobolev, B P; Zhmurova, Z I; Krivandina, E A

    1999-01-01

    Among three different Ce-concentrations (10, 27 and 45 mol%) which we tested, the 27 mol% sample showed by far the best radiation hardness and the maximum fast component fraction in the luminescence. For this Ce-concentration, the scintillation intensity was about 30% of that in pure BaF sub 2 (within a 1 mu s gate) and comparable to that in CeF sub 3. The decay constant of scintillation was about 38 ns. The melting curve of the Ba sub 1 sub - sub x Ce sub x F sub 2 sub + sub x solid solutions has a maximum at approximately 27 mol% CeF sub 3. The congruent character of the melt with this composition, which should be related with specific structural defects configuration in anionic sublattice, could be the reason for the excellent radiation hardness observed in the Ba sub 0 sub . sub 7 sub 3 Ce sub 0 sub . sub 2 sub 7 F sub 2 sub . sub 2 sub 7 crystal.

  11. Preparation of CeO2/CaAl-LDHs/AC and its environmental applications%二氧化铈/钙铝水滑石/活性炭的制备及环境应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢非; 李静; 晋冠平

    2016-01-01

    Ce-doped CaAl/layered double hydroxide was coated at activated carbon(CeO2/CaAl- LDHs/AC) byco-precipitation method with the aid of ultrasound. The products was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy,X-ray diffraction,X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Flower-like layer structure CeO2/CaAl-LDHs was well distributed on the surface of active carbon with good thermostability. The adsorption of Cr(Ⅵ),Pb(Ⅱ),fluoride and malachite green by CeO2/CaAl-LDHs/AC were investigated respectively in aqueous solution. All the adsorption processes agree with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Langmuir isotherm model. The maximum adsorption capacity of Cr(Ⅵ),Pb(II), fluoride and malachite green are 83.06mg/g,131.58mg/g,61.20mg/g and 420.17mg/g at pH=7.0,45℃ and 2h,respectively.%采用超声辅助共沉淀法,制备了二氧化铈/钙铝水滑石/活性炭复合材料(CeO2/CaAl-LDHs/AC)。通过场发射扫描电子显微镜、X 射线衍射、X 射线光电子能谱、傅里叶变换红外光谱和热重分析技术,对CeO2/CaAl-LDHs/AC 的形貌、组成和结构进行了表征。结果发现:花样片层状的 CeO2/CaAl-LDHs 材料均匀地分布在活性炭上。考察了CeO2/CaAl-LDHs/AC对水溶液中铬(Ⅵ)、铅(Ⅱ)、氟和孔雀绿的吸附性能。此类污染物的吸附过程均符合准二阶动力学模型和 Langmuir 等温模型;在 pH=7、45℃和吸附时间2h 条件下, CeO2/CaAl-LDHs/AC 可成功用于铬(Ⅵ)、铅(Ⅱ)、氟和孔雀绿的吸附去除,最大吸附量分别为83.06mg/g、131.58mg/g、61.20mg/g和420.17mg/g。

  12. Facile Synthesis of CeO2-LaFeO3 Perovskite Composite and Its Application for 4-(Methylnitrosamino-1-(3-Pyridyl-1-Butanone (NNK Degradation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaixuan Wang

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A facile and environmentally friendly surface-ion adsorption method using CeCO3OH@C as template was demonstrated to synthesize CeO2-LaFeO3 perovskite composite material. The obtained composite was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD, fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM, transmission electron microscopy (TEM, thermo-gravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC, N2 adsorption/desorption isotherms and X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS measurements. The catalytic degradation of nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino-1-(3-pyridyl-1-butanone (NNK was tested to evaluate catalytic activity of the CeO2-LaFeO3 composite. Much better activity was observed for the CeO2-LaFeO3 composite comparing with CeO2 and LaFeO3. These results suggested that perovskite composite materials are a promising candidate for the degradation of tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs.

  13. Inulin, a flexible oligosaccharide. II: Review of its pharmaceutical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mensink, Maarten A; Frijlink, Henderik W; van der Voort Maarschalk, Kees; Hinrichs, Wouter L J

    2015-12-10

    Inulin is a flexible oligosaccharide which has been used primarily in food for decades. Recently new applications in the pharmaceutical arena were described. In a previous review (Mensink et al. (2015). Carbohydrate Polymers, 130, 405) we described the physicochemical characteristics of inulin, characteristics which make inulin a highly versatile substance. Here, we review its pharmaceutical applications. Applications of inulin that are addressed are stabilization of proteins, modified drug delivery (dissolution rate enhancement and drug targeting), and lastly physiological and disease-modifying effects of inulin. Further uses of inulin include colon specific drug administration and stabilizing and adjuvating vaccine formulations. Overall, the uses of inulin in the pharmaceutical area are very diverse and research is still continuing, particularly with chemically modified inulins. It is therefore likely that even more applications will be found for this flexible oligosaccharide.

  14. DIY soundcard based temperature logging system. Part II: applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunn, John

    2016-11-01

    This paper demonstrates some simple applications of how temperature logging systems may be used to monitor simple heat experiments, and how the data obtained can be analysed to get some additional insight into the physical processes.

  15. STATE-OF-THE-ART HUMAN GENE THERAPY: PART II. GENE THERAPY STRATEGIES AND APPLICATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    In Part I of this Review, we introduced recent advances in gene delivery technologies and explained how they have powered some of the current human gene therapy applications. In Part II, we expand the discussion on gene therapy applications, focusing on some of the most exciting clinical uses. To help readers to grasp the essence and to better organize the diverse applications, we categorize them under four gene therapy strategies: (1) gene replacement therapy for monogenic diseases, (2) gene...

  16. Application of Ce{sub x}Zr{sub 1-x}O{sub 2} catalysts for the synthesis of diethyl carbonate from ethanol and carbon dioxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prymak, I.; Kalevaru, V.N.; Kollmorgen, P.; Wohlrab, S. [Leibniz-Institut fuer Katalyse e.V. an der Universitaet Rostock (Germany); Martin, A.

    2013-11-01

    The direct synthesis of diethyl carbonate (DEC) from ethanol and CO{sub 2} is indeed an attractive approach from both academic and commercial points of view. In the present study, we report on the synthesis, characterization and catalytic evaluation of Ce-Zr-O solids with varying Ce/Zr ratios. The catalysts were prepared by citrate complexation method, and characterized by various techniques such as N{sub 2} adsorption (BET-SA), XRD, H{sub 2}-TPR, NH{sub 3}-TPD etc. The catalytic performance of these catalysts was evaluated towards the synthesis of DEC from ethanol and CO{sub 2} under suitable reaction conditions. According to thermodynamic data, the reaction is favorable at low reaction temperatures and high reaction pressures. Thus, the catalytic experiments were carried out in a continuous mode using a plug-flow reactor that was operated up to 200 bar and ca. 200 C. The effect of the reaction temperature (30-180 C) and pressure (80-180 bar) on the yield of DEC was investigated. Among various catalysts tested, Ce-Zr-O catalyst with 80 mol% Ce content has exhibited a relatively better performance compared to all other Ce-Zr-O catalysts. DEC yield increased with increasing reaction temperature up to 140 C. The highest yield of DEC obtained from the best case was 0.7 % at 140 C and at 140 bars. Further increase in temperature to 180 C caused a decrease in the DEC formation due to thermodynamic reasons as mentioned above. The ceria proportion has shown a considerable influence on the BET surface areas and thereby catalytic activity as well. The results revealed that the redox properties as well as acidity characteristics of the solids are strongly influenced by the content of Ce in the catalysts, which in turn showed a clear impact on the catalytic performance. (orig.)

  17. Synthesis and characterization of reduced graphene oxide decorated with CeO2-doped MnO2 nanorods for supercapacitor applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojha, Gunendra Prasad; Pant, Bishweshwar; Park, Soo-Jin; Park, Mira; Kim, Hak-Yong

    2017-05-15

    A novel and efficient CeO2-doped MnO2 nanorods decorated reduced graphene oxide (CeO2-MnO2/RGO) nanocomposite was successfully synthesized via hydrothermal method. The growth of the CeO2 doped MnO2 nanorods over GO sheets and reduction of GO were simultaneously carried out under hydrothermal treatment. The morphology and structure of as-synthesized nanocomposite were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Raman spectroscopy, which revealed the formation of CeO2-MnO2 decorated RGO nanocomposites. The electrochemical performance of as-prepared CeO2-MnO2/RGO nanocomposites as an active electrode material for supercapacitor was evaluated by cyclic voltammetry, charge-discharge, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) methods in 2M alkaline medium. The obtained results revealed that as-synthesized CeO2-MnO2/RGO nanocomposite exhibited higher specific capacitance (648F/g) as compared to other formulations (MnO2/RGO nanocomposites: 315.13 F/g and MnO2 nanorods: 228.5 F/g) at the scan rate of 5mV/s. After 1000 cycles, it retained ∼90.4%, exhibiting a good stability. The high surface area, enhanced electrical conductivity, and good stability possess by the nanocomposite make this material a promising candidate to be applied as a supercapacitor electrode.

  18. Application of atomic Hirshfeld surface analysis to intermetallic systems: is Mn in cubic CeMnNi4 a thermoelectric rattler atom?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jørgensen, Mads R V; Skovsen, Iben; Clausen, Henrik F; Mi, Jian-Li; Christensen, Mogens; Nishibori, Eiji; Spackman, Mark A; Iversen, Bo B

    2012-02-06

    The Mn atom in the cubic polymorph of CeMnNi(4) appears to be located in an oversized cage-like structure, and anomalously large atomic displacement parameters (ADPs) for the Mn atom indicate that it is a potential "rattler" atom. Here, multitemperature synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction data measured between 110 and 900 K are used to estimate ADPs for the Mn "guest" atom and the "host" structure atoms in cubic CeMnNi(4). The ADPs are subsequently fitted with Debye and Einstein models, giving Θ(D) = 301(2) K for the "host" structure and Θ(E) = 165(2) K for the Mn atom. This is higher than typical Einstein temperatures for rattlers in thermoelectric skutterudites and clathrates (Θ(E) = 50-80 K), indicating that the Mn atom in cubic CeMnNi(4) is more strongly bonded. In order to probe the chemical interactions of the potential Mn rattler atom, atomic Hirshfeld surface (AHS) analysis is carried out and compared with AHS analysis of well-established guest atom rattlers in archetypical skutterudites, MCoSb(3). Surprisingly, the skutterudite rattlers have more deformed AHSs than the Mn atom in cubic CeMnNi(4). This is related to the highly ionic nature of the skutterudite rattlers, which is not taken into account in the neutral spherical atom approach of the AHS. Additionally, visualization of void spaces in the two materials using the procrystal electron density shows that while the Mn atom is tightly fitting in the CeMnNi(4) structure then the La atom in the skutterudite is truly situated in an oversized cage of the host structure. Overall, we conclude that the Mn atom in cubic CeMnNi(4) cannot be coined a rattler.

  19. Insight into the structure and functional application of the Sr0.95Ce0.05CoO3-δ cathode for solid oxide fuel cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Wei; Zhang, Huairuo; Sun, Chunwen; Liu, Lilu; Alonso, J A; Fernández-Díaz, M T; Chen, Liquan

    2015-04-06

    A new perovskite cathode, Sr0.95Ce0.05CoO3-δ, performs well for oxygen-reduction reactions in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). We gain insight into the crystal structure of Sr1-xCexCoO3-δ (x = 0.05, 0.1) and temperature-dependent structural evolution of Sr0.95Ce0.05CoO3-δ by X-ray diffraction, neutron powder diffraction, and scanning transmission electron microscopy experiments. Sr0.9Ce0.1CoO3-δ shows a perfectly cubic structure (a = a0), with a large oxygen deficiency in a single oxygen site; however, Sr0.95Ce0.05CoO3-δ exhibits a tetragonal perovskite superstructure with a double c axis, defined in the P4/mmm space group, that contains two crystallographically different cobalt positions, with distinct oxygen environments. The structural evolution of Sr0.95Ce0.05CoO3-δ at high temperatures was further studied by in situ temperature-dependent NPD experiments. At 1100 K, the oxygen atoms in Sr0.95Ce0.05CoO3-δ show large and highly anisotropic displacement factors, suggesting a significant ionic mobility. The test cell with a La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.83Mg0.17O3-δ-electrolyte-supported (∼300 μm thickness) configuration yields peak power densities of 0.25 and 0.48 W cm(-2) at temperatures of 1023 and 1073 K, respectively, with pure H2 as the fuel and ambient air as the oxidant. The electrochemical impedance spectra evolution with time of the symmetric cathode fuel cell measured at 1073 K shows that the Sr0.95Ce0.05CoO3-δ cathode possesses superior ORR catalytic activity and long-term stability. Mixed ionic-electronic conduction properties of Sr0.95Ce0.05CoO3-δ account for its good performance as an oxygen-reduction catalyst.

  20. Multi-Rate Digital Control Systems with Simulation Applications. Volume II. Computer Algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    34 ~AFWAL-TR-80-31 01 • • Volume II L IL MULTI-RATE DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS WITH SIMULATiON APPLICATIONS Volume II: Computer Algorithms DENNIS G. J...29 Ma -8 - Volume II. Computer Algorithms ~ / ’+ 44MWLxkQT N Uwe ~~ 4 ~jjskYIF336l5-79-C-369~ 9. PER~rORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS IPROG AMEL...additional options. The analytical basis for the computer algorithms is discussed in Ref. 12. However, to provide a complete description of the program, some

  1. Inulin, a flexible oligosaccharide. II : Review of its pharmaceutical applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mensink, Maarten A; Frijlink, Henderik W; van der Voort Maarschalk, Kees; Hinrichs, Wouter L J

    2015-01-01

    Inulin is a flexible oligosaccharide which has been used primarily in food for decades. Recently new applications in the pharmaceutical arena were described. In a previous review (Mensink et al. (2015). Carbohydrate Polymers, 130, 405) we described the physicochemical characteristics of inulin, char

  2. Ship Grounding on Rock - II. Validation and Application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Bo Cerup

    1997-01-01

    , it is demonstrated that the proposed methodology issufficiently fast to be used in a probabilistic framework. Based on a set of stochastic inputparameters, the probability density functions for the damage extents of a single hull VLCC werederived from simulations. Possible future applications of the methodology...

  3. Tungsten and other refractory metals for VLSI applications II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broadbent, E.K.

    1987-01-01

    This book presents papers on tungsten and other refractory metals for VLSI applications. Topics include the following: Selectivity loss and nucleation on insulators, fundamental reaction and growth studies, chemical vapor deposition of tungsten, chemical vapor deposition of molybdenum, reactive ion etching of refractory metal films; and properties of refractory metals deposited by sputtering.

  4. Applications of Fitzpatrick functions for solving optimization problems II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nashed, Z.; Raykov, I.

    2015-10-01

    This paper is a continuation of the paper [8] and presents more applications of Fitzpatrick functions for solving optimization problems. The main purpose of the present work is to introduce some new properties of Fitzpatrick functions useful for solving optimization problems, using also their already presented specific properties, as the maximal monotonicity, proper, convex and lower semi-continuity.

  5. [Polyetheretherketone (PEEK). Part II: application in clinical practice].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pokorný, D; Fulín, P; Slouf, M; Jahoda, D; Landor, I; Sosna, A

    2010-01-01

    Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is one of the up-to-date organic polymer thermoplastics with applications in orthopaedics and trauma medicine. This study presents a detailed analysis of its tests and applications in clinical medicine. A wide range of PEEK modifications and composites are commercially available, e.g., PEEK-Classix, PEEK-Optima, Endolign and Motis. They differ in their physical properties, which makes them suitable for different applications. Other forms, so-called PEEK bioactive composites, contain beta-tricalcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite. Research in this field is also concerned with the surface finish of this polymer thermoplastic and involves macroporous titanium and hydroxyapatite layers, or treatment with laser for an exactly defined surface structure. The clinical applications of PEEK and its composites include, in addition to components for spinal surgery, osteosynthesis plates, screws, intramedullary nails or external fixators, which are implants still at the stage of prototypes. In this review, attention is paid to the use of PEEK thermoplastics for joint replacement. Mid-term studies involving hundreds of patients have shown that, for instance, the VerSys Epoch Fullcoat Hip System (Zimmer) has a markedly lower stress-shielding effect. Carbon fibre-reinforced (CFR-PEEK) composites are used to make articulating components for total hip replacement. Their convenient properties allow for production of much thinner liners and an enlargement of the femoral head diameter, thus reducing the wear of joint implants. CFR-PEEK composites are particularly effective for hip resurfacing in which the Mitch PCR (Stryker) acetabular component has been used with good results. The MOTIS polymer acetabular cup (Invibio Ltd.) is another example. Further PEEK applications include the construction of finger-joint prostheses (Mathys AG), suture anchors (Stryker) and various kinds of augmentations (Medin). Based on the information obtained, the authors suggest

  6. Synthesis and characterization of Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes of a number of sulfadrug azodyes and their application for wastewater treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Baradie, K.; El-Sharkawy, R.; El-Ghamry, H.; Sakai, K.

    2014-03-01

    The azodye ligand (HL1) was synthesized from the coupling of sulfaguanidine diazonium salt with 2,4-dihydroxy-benzaldehyde while the two ligands, HL2 and HL3, were prepared by the coupling of sulfadiazine diazonium salt with salicylaldehyde (HL2) and 2,4-dihydroxy-benzaldehyde (HL3). The prepared ligands were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR and mass spectra. Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes of the prepared ligands have been synthesized and characterized by various spectroscopic techniques like IR, UV-Visible as well as magnetic and thermal (TG and DTA) measurements. It was found that all the ligands behave as a monobasic bidentate which coordinated to the metal center through the azo nitrogen and α-hydroxy oxygen atoms in the case of HL1 and HL3. HL2 coordinated to the metal center through sulfonamide oxygen and pyrimidine nitrogen. The applications of the prepared complexes in the oxidative degradation of indigo carmine dye exhibited good catalytic activity in the presence of H2O2 as an oxidant. The reactions followed first-order kinetics and the rate constants were determined. The degradation reaction involved the catalytic action of the azo-dye complexes toward H2O2 decomposition, which can lead to the generation of HOrad radicals as a highly efficient oxidant attacking the target dye. The detailed kinetic studies and the mechanism of these catalytic reactions are under consideration in our group.

  7. Development and application of a functional CE-SSCP fingerprinting method based on [Fe-Fe]-hydrogenase genes for monitoring hydrogen-producing Clostridium in mixed cultures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quemeneur, Marianne; Hamelin, Jerome; Latrille, Eric; Steyer, Jean-Philippe; Trably, Eric [INRA, UR050, Laboratoire de Biotechnologie de l' Environnement, avenue des Etangs, Narbonne F-11100 (France)

    2010-12-15

    A Capillary Electrophoresis Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism (CE-SSCP) method based on functional [Fe-Fe]-hydrogenase genes was developed for monitoring the hydrogen (H{sub 2})-producing clostridial population in mixed-culture bioprocesses. New non-degenerated primers were designed and then validated on their specific PCR detection of a broad range of clostridial hydA genes. The hydA-based CE-SSCP method gave a specific and discriminating profile for each of the Clostridium strains tested. This method was validated using H{sub 2}-producing mixed cultures incubated at temperatures ranging from 25 C to 45 C. The hydA CE-SSCP profiles clearly differed between temperatures tested. Hence, they varied according to variations of the H{sub 2} production performances. The HydA sequences amplified with the new primer set indicated that diverse Clostridium strains impacted the H{sub 2} production yields. The highest performances were related to the dominance of Clostridium sporogenes-like hydA sequences. This CE-SSCP tool offers highly reliable and throughput analysis of the functional diversity and structure of the hydA genes for better understanding of the H{sub 2}-producing clostridial population dynamics in H{sub 2} dark fermentation bioreactors. (author)

  8. Preparation and characterization of PEG–Mg(CH3COO)2–CeO2 composite polymer electrolytes for battery application

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Anji Reddy Polu; Ranveer Kumar

    2014-04-01

    Composite polymer electrolytes based on poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), magnesium acetate [Mg(CH3COO)2], and wt% of cerium oxide (CeO2) ceramic fillers (where = 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20, respectively) have been prepared using solution casting technique. X-ray diffraction patterns of PEG–Mg(CH3COO)2 with CeO2 ceramic filler indicated the decrease in the degree of crystallinity with increasing concentration of the filler. DSC measurements of PEG–Mg(CH3COO)2-CeO2 composite polymer electrolyte system showed that the melting temperature is shifted towards the lower temperature with increase of the filler concentration. The conductivity results indicate that the incorporation of ceramic filler up to a certain concentration (i.e. 15 wt%) increases the ionic conductivity and upon further addition the conductivity decreases. The transference number data indicated the dominance of ion-type charge transport in these specimens. Using this (PEG–Mg(CH3COO)2-CeO2) (85-15-15) electrolyte, solid-state electrochemical cell was fabricated and their discharge profiles were studied under a constant load of 100 k.

  9. Synthesis of a magnetic micro/nano FexOy-CeO2 composite and its application for degradation of hexachlorobenzene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    A micrometer-sized nanostructured,magnetic,ball-like FexOy-CeO2 composite was synthesized through an ethylene-glycol mediated process.The synthesized samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy combined with energydisperse X-ray analysis,transmission electron microscopy and X-ray powder diffraction.In the synthesis system,polyethylene glycol (PEG) and urea were found to play significant roles in the formation of the micrometer-sized spherical architecture of the precursor.The details of morphology and particle size could be changed with the initial concentration of Fe(NO3)3-9H2O and Ce(NO3)3-6H2O as the reactants.The magnetic FexOy-CeO2 composite with a similar morphology was readily obtained by calcination from the precursor.The characterization of transmission electron microscopy showed the calcined ball-like architecture was a highly porous structure consisting of many nanoparticles.Because of the micrometer-sized nanostructure and the multi-components as well as the magnetism,the as-obtained FexOy-CeO2 composite showed better activity and potentially easy recovery for the harmless degradation of hexachlorobenzene (HCB).

  10. Dose-Dependent Effects of CeO2 on Microstructure and Antibacterial Property of Plasma-Sprayed TiO2 Coatings for Orthopedic Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xiaobing; Liu, Gaopeng; Zheng, Hai; Cao, Huiliang; Liu, Xuanyong

    2015-02-01

    Titanium and its alloys have been used extensively for orthopedic and dental implants. Although these devices have achieved high rates of success, two major complications may be encountered: the lack of osseointegration and the biomaterial-related infection. Accordingly, cerium oxide (CeO2)-doped titanium oxide (TiO2) materials were coated on titanium by an atmospheric plasma spraying (APS) technique. The phase structures, morphologies, and surface chemical states of the obtained coatings were characterized by x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy techniques. The in vitro antibacterial and cytocompatibility of the materials were studied with Staphylococcus aureus ( S. aureus, ATCC25923) and osteoblast precursor cell line MC3T3-E1. The results indicated that the addition of CeO2 shifts slightly the diffraction peaks of TiO2 matrix to low angles but does not change its rutile phase structure. In addition, the CeO2/TiO2 composite coatings possess dose-dependent corrosion resistance and antimicrobial properties. And doping of 10 wt.% CeO2 exhibits the highest activity against S. aureus, improved corrosion resistance, and competitive cytocompatibility, which argues a promising option for balancing the osteogenetic and antibacterial properties of titanium implants.

  11. Challenges of CE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhagen, Wim J.C.; Stjepandić, Josip; Wognum, Nel

    2015-01-01

    Despite a long pedigree and many positive reports on its use and benefits, concurrent engineering (CE) and its associated research (sub)domains still experience significant development. In this final chapter, a socio-technical framework is applied to classify and analyze challenges identified as

  12. CE-BEMS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mohamed, Nader; Lazarova-Molnar, Sanja; Al-Jaroodi, Jameela

    2016-01-01

    and costs savings in smart buildings significantly depend on the monitoring and control methods used in the installed BEMS. This paper proposes a Cloud-Enabled BEMS (CE-BEMS) for Smart Buildings. This system can utilize cloud computing to provide enhanced management mechanisms and features for energy...

  13. Bee Colony Optimization - part II: The application survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodorović Dušan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Bee Colony Optimization (BCO is a meta-heuristic method based on foraging habits of honeybees. This technique was motivated by the analogy found between the natural behavior of bees searching for food and the behavior of optimization algorithms searching for an optimum in combinatorial optimization problems. BCO has been successfully applied to various hard combinatorial optimization problems, mostly in transportation, location and scheduling fields. There are some applications in the continuous optimization field that have appeared recently. The main purpose of this paper is to introduce the scientific community more closely with BCO by summarizing its existing successful applications. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. OI174010, OI174033, TR36002

  14. Intelligent numerical methods II applications to multivariate fractional calculus

    CERN Document Server

    Anastassiou, George A

    2016-01-01

    In this short monograph Newton-like and other similar numerical methods with applications to solving multivariate equations are developed, which involve Caputo type fractional mixed partial derivatives and multivariate fractional Riemann-Liouville integral operators. These are studied for the first time in the literature. The chapters are self-contained and can be read independently. An extensive list of references is given per chapter. The book’s results are expected to find applications in many areas of applied mathematics, stochastics, computer science and engineering. As such this short monograph is suitable for researchers, graduate students, to be used in graduate classes and seminars of the above subjects, also to be in all science and engineering libraries.

  15. Bedside ultrasonography-Applications in critical care: Part II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Chacko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Point of care ultrasonography, performed by acute care physicians, has developed into an invaluable bedside tool providing important clinical information with a major impact on patient care. In Part II of this narrative review, we describe ultrasound guided central venous cannulation, which has become standard of care with internal jugular vein cannulation. Besides improving success rates, real-time guidance also significantly reduces the incidence of complications. We also discuss compression ultrasonography - a quick and effective bedside screening tool for deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremity. Abdominal ultrasound offers vital clues in the emergency setting; in the unstable trauma victim, a focused examination may provide immediate answers and has largely superseded diagnostic peritoneal lavage in diagnosing intraperitoneal bleed. From estimation of intracranial pressure to transcranial Doppler studies, ultrasound is becoming increasingly relevant to neurocritical care. Ultrasound may also help with airway management in several situations, including percutaneous tracheostomy. Clearly, bedside ultrasonography has become an indispensable part of intensive care practice - in the rapid assessment of critically ill-patients as well as in enhancing the safety of invasive procedures.

  16. Spray drying technique: II. Current applications in pharmaceutical technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sollohub, Krzysztof; Cal, Krzysztof

    2010-02-01

    This review presents current applications of spray drying in pharmaceutical technology. The topics discussed include the obtention of excipients and cospray dried composites, methods for increasing the aqueous solubility and bioavailability of active substances, and modified release profiles from spray-dried particles. This review also describes the use of the spray drying technique in the context of biological therapies, such as the spray drying of proteins, inhalable powders, and viable organisms, and the modification of the physical properties of dry plant extracts.

  17. Applications of electrochemistry and nanotechnology in biology and medicine II

    CERN Document Server

    Eliaz, Noam

    2011-01-01

    The study of electrochemical nanotechnology has emerged as researchers apply electrochemistry to nanoscience and nanotechnology. These two related volumes in the Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry Series review recent developments and breakthroughs in the specific application of electrochemistry and nanotechnology to biology and medicine. Internationally renowned experts contribute chapters that address both fundamental and practical aspects of several key emerging technologies in biomedicine, such as the processing of new biomaterials, biofunctionalization of surfaces, characterization of bio

  18. Shape Memory Alloys (Part II: Classification, Production and Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Ivanic

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Shape memory alloys (SMAs have been extensively investigated because of their unique shape memory behaviour, i.e. their ability to recover their original shape they had before deformation. Shape memory effect is related to the thermoelastic martensitic transformation. Austenite to martensite phase transformation can be obtained by mechanical (loading and thermal methods (heating and cooling. Depending on thermomechanical conditions, SMAs demonstrate several thermomechanical phenomena, such as pseudoelasticity, superelasticity, shape memory effect (one-way and two-way and rubber-like behaviour. Numerous alloys show shape memory effect (NiTi-based alloys, Cu-based alloys, Fe-based alloys etc.. Nitinol (NiTi is the most popular and the most commonly used SMA due to its superior thermomechanical and thermoelectrical properties. NiTi alloys have greater shape memory strain and excellent corrosion resistance compared to Cu – based alloys. However, they are very costly. On the other hand, copper-based alloys (CuZn and CuAl based alloys are much less expensive, easier to manufacture and have a wider range of potential transformation temperatures. The characteristic transformation temperatures of martensitic transformation of CuAlNi alloys can lie between −200 and 200 °C, and these temperatures depend on Al and Ni content. Among the Cu – based SMAs, the most frequently applied are CuZnAl and CuAlNi alloys. Although CuZnAl alloys with better mechanical properties are the most popular among the Cu-based SMAs, they lack sufficient thermal stability, while CuAlNi shape memory alloys, in spite of their better thermal stability, have found only limited applications due to insufficient formability owing to the brittle γ2 precipitates. The most important disadvantage of polycrystalline CuAlNi alloys is a small reversible deformation (one-way shape memory effect: up to 4 %; two-way shape memory effect: only approximately 1.5 % due to intergranular

  19. Modern EMC analysis techniques II models and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Kantartzis, Nikolaos V

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this two-volume book is the systematic and comprehensive description of the most competitive time-domain computational methods for the efficient modeling and accurate solution of modern real-world EMC problems. Intended to be self-contained, it performs a detailed presentation of all well-known algorithms, elucidating on their merits or weaknesses, and accompanies the theoretical content with a variety of applications. Outlining the present volume, numerical investigations delve into printed circuit boards, monolithic microwave integrated circuits, radio frequency microelectro

  20. New approaches in sensitive chiral CE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Hernández, Laura; Guijarro-Diez, Miguel; Marina, María Luisa; Crego, Antonio L

    2014-01-01

    CE has shown to have a big potential for chiral separations, with advantages such as high efficiency, high resolution, and low sample and reagents consumption. Nevertheless, when UV detection is employed, CE has some drawbacks, especially the low sensitivity obtained due to the short optical path length. Notwithstanding, sensitivity improvements can be achieved when different approaches are employed, such as sample treatment strategies (off-line or on-line), in-capillary sample preconcentration techniques, and/or alternative detection systems to UV-Vis (such as fluorescence, conductimetry, electrochemiluminiscence, MS, etc.). This article reviews the most recent methodological and instrumental advances reported from June 2011 to May 2013 for enhancing the sensitivity in chiral analysis by CE. The sensitivity achieved for the enantioseparated analytes and the applications carried out using the developed methodologies are also summarized.

  1. DOBD Algorithm for Training Neural Network:Part II. Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴建昱; 何小荣

    2002-01-01

    In the first part of the article, a new algorithm for pruning network?Dynamic Optimal Brain Damage(DOBD) is introduced. In this part, two cases and an industrial application are worked out to test the new algorithm. It is verified that the algorithm can obtain good generalization through deleting weight parameters with low sensitivities dynamically and get better result than the Marquardt algorithm or the cross-validation method. Although the initial construction of network may be different, the finial number of free weights pruned by the DOBD algorithm is similar and the number is just close to the optimal number of free weights. The algorithm is also helpful to design the optimal structure of network.

  2. Continuous and distributed systems II theory and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Zgurovsky, Mikhail

    2015-01-01

    As in the previous volume on the topic, the authors close the gap between abstract mathematical approaches, such as applied methods of modern algebra and analysis, fundamental and computational mechanics, nonautonomous and stochastic dynamical systems, on the one hand, and practical applications in nonlinear mechanics, optimization, decision making theory and control theory on the other. Readers will also benefit from the presentation of modern mathematical modeling methods for the numerical solution of complicated engineering problems in biochemistry, geophysics, biology and climatology. This compilation will be of interest to mathematicians and engineers working at the interface of these fields. It presents selected works of the joint seminar series of Lomonosov Moscow State University and the Institute for Applied System Analysis at National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”. The authors come from Brazil, Germany, France, Mexico, Spain, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, and the USA. ...

  3. Operation of industrial electrical substations. Part II: practical applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez Jimenez, Juan J; Zerquera Izquierdo, Mariano D; Beltran Leon, Jose S; Garcia Martinez, Juan M; Alvarez Urena, Maria V; Meza Diaz, Guillermo [Universidad de Guadalajara (Mexico)]. E-mails: cheosj@yahoo.com; mdzi@hotmail.com; beltran5601@yahoo.com.mx; jmargarmtz@yahoo.com; victory_alvarez@telmexmail.com; depmec@cucei.udg.mx

    2013-03-15

    The practical application of the methodology explained in Part 1 in a Cuban industry is the principal objective of this paper. The calculus of the economical operation of the principal transformers of the industrial plant is shown of the one very easy form, as well as the determination of the equations of the losses when the transformers operate under a given load diagram. It is calculated the state load which will be passed to the operation in parallel. [Spanish] El objetivo principal de este trabajo es la aplicacion practica de la metodologia, en una industria cubana, que se explico en la Parte 1. El calculo de la operacion economica de los principales transformadores de la planta industrial se muestra de una forma muy facil, asi como la determinacion de las ecuaciones de las perdidas cuando los transformadores operan bajo un diagrama de carga dado. Se calcula la carga de estado que se pasa a la operacion en paralelo.

  4. DNA damage and oxidative stress induced by CeO2 nanoparticles in human dermal fibroblasts: Evidence of a clastogenic effect as a mechanism of genotoxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benameur, Laila; Auffan, Mélanie; Cassien, Mathieu; Liu, Wei; Culcasi, Marcel; Rahmouni, Hidayat; Stocker, Pierre; Tassistro, Virginie; Bottero, Jean-Yves; Rose, Jérôme; Botta, Alain; Pietri, Sylvia

    2015-01-01

    The broad range of applications of cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles (nano-CeO2) has attracted industrial interest, resulting in greater exposures to humans and environmental systems in the coming years. Their health effects and potential biological impacts need to be determined for risk assessment. The aims of this study were to gain insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the genotoxic effects of nano-CeO2 in relation with their physicochemical properties. Primary human dermal fibroblasts were exposed to environmentally relevant doses of nano-CeO2 (mean diameter, 7 nm; dose range, 6 × 10(-5)-6 × 10(-3) g/l corresponding to a concentration range of 0.22-22 µM) and DNA damages at the chromosome level were evaluated by genetic toxicology tests and compared to that induced in cells exposed to micro-CeO2 particles (mean diameter, 320 nm) under the same conditions. For this purpose, cytokinesis-blocked micronucleus assay in association with immunofluorescence staining of centromere protein A in micronuclei were used to distinguish between induction of structural or numerical chromosome changes (i.e. clastogenicity or aneuploidy). The results provide the first evidence of a genotoxic effect of nano-CeO2, (while not significant with micro-CeO2) by a clastogenic mechanism. The implication of oxidative mechanisms in this genotoxic effect was investigated by (i) assessing the impact of catalase, a hydrogen peroxide inhibitor, and (ii) by measuring lipid peroxidation and glutathione status and their reversal by application of N-acetylcysteine, a precusor of glutathione synthesis in cells. The data are consistent with the implication of free radical-related mechanisms in the nano-CeO2-induced clastogenic effect, that can be modulated by inhibition of cellular hydrogen peroxide release.

  5. Application for TJ-II Signals Visualization: User's Guide; Aplicacion para la Visualizacion de Senales de TJ-II: Guia del Usuario

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez, E.; Portas, A. B.; Vega, J. [Ciemat, Madrid (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    In this documents are described the functionalities of the application developed by the Data Acquisition Group for TJ-II signal visualization. There are two versions of the application, the On-line version, used for signal visualization during TJ-II operation, and the Off-line version, used for signal visualization without TJ-II operation. Both versions of the application consist in a graphical user interface developed for X/Motif, in which most of the actions can be done using the mouse buttons. The functionalities of both versions of the application are described in this user's guide, beginning at the application start-up and explaining in detail all the options that it provides and the actions that can be done with each graphic control. (Author) 8 refs.

  6. Preparation of double-doped BaCeO3 and its application in the synthesis of ammonia at atmospheric pressure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZhiJie Li et al

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Perovskite-type oxides BaCe0.90Sm0.10O3−δ (BCS and BaCe0.80Gd0.10Sm0.10O3−δ (BCGS were synthesized by the sol–gel method and characterized by thermal analysis (TG-DTA, X-ray diffraction (XRD, scanning electron microscopy (SEM, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM. Using the sintered samples as solid electrolytes and silver–palladium alloy as electrodes, ammonia was synthesized from nitrogen and hydrogen at atmospheric pressure in a solid-state proton-conducting cell reactor. The maximum rate of production of ammonia was 5.82×10−9 mol s−1 cm−2.

  7. Enhancement of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect via resonant tunneling in Au/Ce:YIG/Au trilayers and its application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jie; Tang, Tingting; Zhang, Yanfen; Luo, Li

    2017-02-01

    We propose a new structure to enhance the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect (TMOKE) via resonant photon tunneling. In trilayer structures with a magnetic dielectric layer sandwiched between non-magnetic metal layers, an enhanced TMOKE can be observed. The TMOKE in Au/Ce:YIG/Au trilayers with different widths of magnetic dielectric layers are calculated using a 4  ×  4 transfer-matrix method, in which the maximum absolute value reaches 0.7. Based on the enhanced TMOKE, we apply the structure proposed above in magnetic field sensing, and TMOKE values are calculated when the external magnetic field intensity is increasing. Compared with other magnetic field sensing methods, the Au/Ce:YIG/Au trilayer possesses a very simple structure and shows high sensitivity to magnetic field variation, which is promising as a highly integrated and sensitive magneto-optical device.

  8. [Application of multilevel models in the evaluation of bioequivalence (II).].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Qiao-lan; Shen, Zhuo-zhi; Li, Xiao-song; Chen, Feng; Yang, Min

    2010-03-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to explore the applicability of multivariate multilevel models for bioequivalence evaluation. Using an example of a 4 x 4 cross-over test design in evaluating bioequivalence of homemade and imported rosiglitazone maleate tablets, this paper illustrated the multivariate-model-based method for partitioning total variances of ln(AUC) and ln(C(max)) in the framework of multilevel models. It examined the feasibility of multivariate multilevel models in directly evaluating average bioequivalence (ABE), population bioequivalence (PBE) and individual bioequivalence (IBE). Taking into account the correlation between ln(AUC) and ln(C(max)) of rosiglitazone maleate tablets, the proposed models suggested no statistical difference between the two effect measures in their ABE bioequivalence via joint tests, whilst a contradictive conclusion was derived based on univariate multilevel models. Furthermore, the PBE and IBE for both ln(AUC) and ln(C(max)) of the two types of tablets were assessed with no statistical difference based on estimates of variance components from the proposed models. Multivariate multilevel models could be used to analyze bioequivalence of multiple effect measures simultaneously and they provided a new way of statistical analysis to evaluate bioequivalence.

  9. Recent applications of nuclear medicine in diagnostics: II part

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giorgio Treglia

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Positron-emission tomography (PET and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT are effective diagnostic imaging tools in several clinical settings. The aim of this article (the second of a 2-part series is to examine some of the more recent applications of nuclear medicine imaging techniques, particularly in the fields of neurology, cardiology, and infection/inflammation. Discussion: A review of the literature reveals that in the field of neurology nuclear medicine techniques are most widely used to investigate cognitive deficits and dementia (particularly those associated with Alzheimer disease, epilepsy, and movement disorders. In cardiology, SPECT and PET also play important roles in the work-up of patients with coronary artery disease, providing accurate information on the state of the myocardium (perfusion, metabolism, and innervation. White blood cell scintigraphy and FDG-PET are widely used to investigate many infectious/inflammatory processes. In each of these areas, the review discusses the use of recently developed radiopharmaceuticals, the growth of tomographic nuclear medicine techniques, and the ways in which these advances are improving molecular imaging of biologic processes at the cellular level.

  10. Paclitaxel conjugated Fe3O4@LaF3:Ce3+,Tb3+ nanoparticles as bifunctional targeting carriers for Cancer theranostics application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangaiyarkarasi, Rajendiran; Chinnathambi, Shanmugavel; Karthikeyan, Subramani; Aruna, Prakasarao; Ganesan, Singaravelu

    2016-02-01

    The bi-functional Chitosan functionalized magnetite doped luminescent rare earth nanoparticles (Fe3O4@LaF3: Ce3+,Tb3+/chi NPs) as a carrier of paclitaxel (PTX) drug was designed using a co-precipitation and facile direct precipitation method. The synthesized nanoparticles are spherical in shape with a typical diameter of 19-37 nm respectively. They are water soluble, super paramagnetic and biocompatible, in which the amino groups on the nanoparticles surface are used for the conjugation with an anticancer drug, paclitaxel. The nature of PTX binding with Fe3O4@LaF3: Ce3+,Tb3+/chi nanoparticles were studied using X-ray diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometer and scanning electron micrograph. The nature of interactions between PTX and Fe3O4@LaF3: Ce3+,Tb3+/chi NPs due to complex formation were conceded out by various spectroscopic methods viz., UV-visible, steady state and excited state fluorescence spectroscopy. The photo-physical characterization reveals that the adsorption and release of PTX from Fe3O4@LaF3:Tb3+/chi nanoparticles is quicker when compared with other nanoparticles and also confirms that this may be due to the hydrogen bond formation between the hydroxyl group of drug and amino group of nanoparticles respectively. The maximum loading capacity and entrapment efficiency of 83.69% and 80.51% were attained at a ratio of 5:8 of PTX and Fe3O4@LaF3: Ce3+,Tb3+/chi NPs respectively. In addition with that, antitumoral activity study of PTX conjugated Fe3O4@LaF3:Tb3+/chi nanoparticles exhibits increased cytotoxic effects on A549 lung cancer cell lines than that of unconjugated PTX.

  11. 25 CFR 547.7 - What are the minimum technical hardware standards applicable to Class II gaming systems?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What are the minimum technical hardware standards applicable to Class II gaming systems? 547.7 Section 547.7 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION... OF CLASS II GAMES § 547.7 What are the minimum technical hardware standards applicable to Class...

  12. Effectiveness of Application of T2WI-MRC and CE-MRC in Diagnosis of Bile Duct Diseases%T2WI-MRC和CE-MRC检查在胆道疾病诊断中的应用价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐立峰

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨MR胆管水成像(T2WI-MRC)和钆贝葡胺增强后胆管成像(CE-MRC)在胆道疾病诊断中的应用价值。方法选取2012年4月~2014年7月我院收治的78例胆道疾病患者作为研究对象,所有患者均进行T2WI-MRC及CE-MRC检查,以术中胆管造影作为金标准,比较两种检查方法对肝内外胆管的显示情况。结果在肝内三级以上胆管的显示方面,CE-MRC显示68例(87.2%),T2WI-MRC显示41例(52.6%),差异有统计学意义(χ2=27.524,P=0.000);在肝内三级以下胆管、胆总管、胆囊、胆囊管、肝总管的显示方面,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。两种方法对解剖变异的诊断符合率均为100%;在肝胆管狭窄、肝胆管扩张的诊断上,差异不具有统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论 T2WI-MRC成像具有成像速度快、成像质量好等优点,但对某些微小的三级以上胆道显示较差。CE-MRC对胆道狭窄具有较高的诊断准确率,可以在一次屏气下完成全肝扫描,呼吸不均匀者也能进行检查,但缺点是引入了造影剂,增加了患者费用,并且潜在增加了过敏反应。临床诊断中,要根据实际需要,合理选择成像方法。%ObjectiveTo discuss the effectiveness of application of T2WI-MRC and CE-MRC in diagnosis of the bile duct diseases.Methods Altogether 78 patients with bile duct diseases who had been treated from April 2012 to July 2014 in our hospital were selected as the research object. All the patients were scanned by T2WI-MRC and CE-MRC. Taking intra-operative cholangiography as the gold standard, the extra-hepatic bile duct images obtained by two different methods were compared. Results CE-MRC diagnosed 68 (87.2%) cases of intra-hepatic bile ducts above Level 3; T2WI-MRC diagnosed 41 (52.6%) cases of intra-hepatic bile ducts above Level 3, which existed statistically signiifcant differences (χ2=27.524,P=0.000). No statistically signiifcant

  13. Cerium intermetallics CeTX. Review III

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poettgen, Rainer; Janka, Oliver [Muenster Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie; Chevalier, Bernard [Bordeaux Univ., Pessac (France). Inst. de Chimie de la Matiere Condensee de Bordeaux

    2016-05-01

    The structure-property relationships of CeTX intermetallics with structures other than the ZrNiAl and TiNiSi type are systematically reviewed. These CeTX phases form with electron-poor and electron-rich transition metals (T) and X = Mg, Zn, Cd, Hg, Al, Ga, In, Tl, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb, P, As, Sb, and Bi. The review focusses on the crystal chemistry, the chemical bonding peculiarities, and the magnetic and transport properties. Furthermore {sup 119}Sn Moessbauer spectroscopic data, high-pressure studies, hydrogenation reactions and the formation of solid solutions are reviewed. This paper is the third of a series of four reviews on equiatomic intermetallic cerium compound [Part I: R. Poettgen, B. Chevalier, Z. Naturforsch. 2015, 70b, 289; Part II: R. Poettgen, B. Chevalier, Z. Naturforsch. 2015, 70b, 695].

  14. Epitaxial Cubic Ce2O3 Films via Ce-CeO2 Interfacial Reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stetsovych, Vitalii; Pagliuca, Federico; Dvořák, Filip; Duchoň, Tomáš; Vorokhta, Mykhailo; Aulická, Marie; Lachnitt, Jan; Schernich, Stefan; Matolínová, Iva; Veltruská, Kateřina; Skála, Tomáš; Mazur, Daniel; Mysliveček, Josef; Libuda, Jörg; Matolín, Vladimír

    2013-03-21

    Thin films of reduced ceria supported on metals are often applied as substrates in model studies of the chemical reactivity of ceria based catalysts. Of special interest are the properties of oxygen vacancies in ceria. However, thin films of ceria prepared by established methods become increasingly disordered as the concentration of vacancies increases. Here, we propose an alternative method for preparing ordered reduced ceria films based on the physical vapor deposition and interfacial reaction of Ce with CeO2 films. The method yields bulk-truncated layers of cubic c-Ce2O3. Compared to CeO2 these layers contain 25% of perfectly ordered vacancies in the surface and subsurface allowing well-defined measurements of the properties of ceria in the limit of extreme reduction. Experimentally, c-Ce2O3(111) layers are easily identified by a characteristic 4 × 4 surface reconstruction with respect to CeO2(111). In addition, c-Ce2O3 layers represent an experimental realization of a normally unstable polymorph of Ce2O3. During interfacial reaction, c-Ce2O3 nucleates on the interface between CeO2 buffer and Ce overlayer and is further stabilized most likely by the tetragonal distortion of the ceria layers on Cu. The characteristic kinetics of the metal-oxide interfacial reactions may represent a vehicle for making other metastable oxide structures experimentally available.

  15. Eletroforese capilar acoplada à espectrometria de massas (CE-MS: vinte anos de desenvolvimento Capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry (CE-MS: twenty years of development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilson Antonio Assunção

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available CE-MS has been increasingly used for analysis of a vast array of compounds. This article reviews the different electrophoretic modes, interfaces and mass analyzers that are commonly used in the CE-MS coupling, as well as the technique advantages and performance characteristics. A large compilation of CE-MS applications is also presented. Therefore, this review is both a guide for beginners and a collection of key references for people who are familiar to the technique. Furthermore, this is the first CE-MS review published in a Brazilian journal and marks the installation of the first two commercial CE-MS units in Sao Paulo State.

  16. The Chimera II Real-Time Operating System for advanced sensor-based control applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, David B.; Schmitz, Donald E.; Khosla, Pradeep K.

    1992-01-01

    Attention is given to the Chimera II Real-Time Operating System, which has been developed for advanced sensor-based control applications. The Chimera II provides a high-performance real-time kernel and a variety of IPC features. The hardware platform required to run Chimera II consists of commercially available hardware, and allows custom hardware to be easily integrated. The design allows it to be used with almost any type of VMEbus-based processors and devices. It allows radially differing hardware to be programmed using a common system, thus providing a first and necessary step towards the standardization of reconfigurable systems that results in a reduction of development time and cost.

  17. CE APPROVAL IN ELECTRICAL HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES AND A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazmi EKREN

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the reason for rapidly developing technology, increasing competition medium, and awareness of the consumers, nowadays, the exigency of production with good quality has gained more and more significance. Certification of the quality and safety of the products to the consumers is compulsory in terms of producers. There are some documents to certify safety of the products. One of them is CE certificate. In this paper, basic information about CE mark is given and CE standards and tests required for electrical household appliances are mentioned. As an application, one of an electrical household appliance, toaster grill is treated and examined. To obtain CE certificate for toaster grill, required tests are made according to EN60335-2-9 and CE certificate is obtained.

  18. Comparison of energy structure and spectral properties of Ce:LaAlO3 and Ce:Lu2(SiO4)O

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Undoped LaAlO3 and 1 at.%Ce:LaAlO3 single crystals were grown by the Czochralski process.Absorption and fluorescence spectra were measured at room temperature.Detailed energy levels structure of Ce:LaAlO3 was determined.In this paper,two viewpoints were provided.The first one is:the energy levels structure of Ce:LaAlO3 is very similar to that of Ce:Lu2(SiO4)O which is a well-known scintillator.In the energy levels structure of Ce:LaAlO3 and Ce:Lu2(SiO4)O,the lowest 5d energy level of Ce 3+ is located below the bottom of the conduction band of host crystal and the other higher 5d energy levels of Ce 3+ are located above the bottom of the conduction band of host crystal.The second one is:Ce:LaAlO3 single crystal may not be suitable for scintillation application;by comparing the energy levels structures of Ce:LaAlO3 and Ce:Lu2(SiO4)O,the large energy difference(1.13 eV)between the two lowest 5d energy levels of Ce 3+ in LaAlO3 is a crucial factor that causes the luminescence quenching.

  19. Application of mesoporous SBA-15 silica functionalized with 4-amino-2-mercaptopyrimidine for the adsorption of Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Ni(II), and Pb(II) from water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgetto, Alexandre de Oliveira; Pereira, Silvana Pontes; Silva, Rafael Innocenti Vieira da; Saeki, Margarida Juri; Martines, Marco Antonio Utrera; Pedrosa, Valber de Albuquerque; Castro, Gustavo Rocha de

    2015-01-01

    This work reports the sol-gel synthesis of a SBA-15 silica, and its functionalization with 4-amino-2-mercaptopyrimidine to perform adsorption of metal species from aqueous media. The functionalization of the material was confirmed by FTIR and superficial area measurements. The final material was tested through batch experiments to uncover its adsorptive properties towards the adsorption of Cu(II), Cd(II), Zn(II), Pb(II) and Ni(II). Contact time and pH conditions were investigated, and the material presented slow adsorption kinetics, which was best described by the pseudo-second order model. In addition, at pH 5 - 6, the adsorption of the metal ions was favored. Under optimized conditions, the material had its maximum adsorption capacities determined for all metal species studied, and the obtained values were 13.0 µmol g(-1) for Zn(II), 12.3 µmol g(-1) for Cu(II), 3.45 µmol g(-1) for Ni(II), 2.45 µmol g(-1) for Pb(II) and 0.60 µmol g(-1) for Cd(II). The capacity differences between each metal ion were discussed in terms of their ionic radii and Person's soft/hard acids/bases concept.

  20. Application of Ce3+ single-doped complexes as solar spectral downshifters for enhancing photoelectric conversion efficiencies of a-Si-based solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Pei; Jiang, Chun

    2013-05-01

    The effect on photoelectric conversion efficiency of an a-Si-based solar cell by applying a solar spectral downshifter of rare earth ion Ce3+ single-doped complexes including yttrium aluminum garnet Y3Al5O12 single crystals, nanostructured ceramics, microstructured ceramics and B2O3-SiO2-Gd2O3-BaO glass is studied. The photoluminescence excitation spectra in the region 360-460 nm convert effectively into photoluminescence emission spectra in the region 450-550 nm where a-Si-based solar cells exhibit a higher spectral response. When these Ce3+ single-doped complexes are placed on the top of an a-Si-based solar cell as precursors for solar spectral downshifting, theoretical relative photoelectric conversion efficiencies of nc-Si:H and a-Si:H solar cells approach 1.09-1.13 and 1.04-1.07, respectively, by means of AMPS-1D numerical modeling, potentially benefiting an a-Si-based solar cell with a photoelectric efficiency improvement.

  1. Detection sensitivity and light collection studies of an APD-based high packing-fraction LYSO:Ce matrix for PET applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Veckalns, Viesturs, E-mail: viesturs@lip.pt [Laboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de Particulas, Avenida Elias Garcia 14-1, 1000 – 149 Lisboa (Portugal); Instituto Superior Técnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Bugalho, Ricardo [Laboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de Particulas, Avenida Elias Garcia 14-1, 1000 – 149 Lisboa (Portugal); Instituto Superior Técnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Silva, Rui [Laboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de Particulas, Avenida Elias Garcia 14-1, 1000 – 149 Lisboa (Portugal); Neves, Jorge A. [Laboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de Particulas, Avenida Elias Garcia 14-1, 1000 – 149 Lisboa (Portugal); Instituto Superior Técnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale Lausanne, Station 1, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Tavernier, Stefaan [Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Elsene (Belgium); Zorraquino, Carlos; Ortigão, Catarina; Rolo, Manuel; Silva, José C. [Laboratório de Instrumentação e Física Experimental de Particulas, Avenida Elias Garcia 14-1, 1000 – 149 Lisboa (Portugal); and others

    2013-12-21

    The ClearPEM is a dedicated APD-based PET detector for high-resolution breast cancer imaging. The detector module is composed of 12 LYSO:Ce crystal matrices, each with 4×8 individual crystals (2×2×20 mm{sup 3}) optically coupled on both ends to S8550 Hamamatsu APD arrays for the scintillation light readout. Only 46% of the sensitive area of the detector is constituted by LYSO crystals. The inactive area is due to gaps between APD matrices, encapsulation and BaSO{sub 4} reflective walls. To improve the overall sensitivity of the system, a new compact crystal matrix geometry was designed to minimise these inactive parts. In the new crystal matrix geometry, 76% of the sensitive area of the detector is constituted by LYSO:Ce crystals and crystals with three different dimensions are needed. The different matching factors of cross-section between the APDs and the crystals require a study on the effects on the energy and time resolution, optical cross-talk and on depth-of-interaction capability. In this paper, we present an experimental study on the improvement of the sensitivity with this new compact matrix, and a characterisation of its effects on the overall detector performance.

  2. DNA sequencing by CE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karger, Barry L; Guttman, András

    2009-06-01

    Sequencing of human and other genomes has been at the center of interest in the biomedical field over the past several decades and is now leading toward an era of personalized medicine. During this time, DNA-sequencing methods have evolved from the labor-intensive slab gel electrophoresis, through automated multiCE systems using fluorophore labeling with multispectral imaging, to the "next-generation" technologies of cyclic-array, hybridization based, nanopore and single molecule sequencing. Deciphering the genetic blueprint and follow-up confirmatory sequencing of Homo sapiens and other genomes were only possible with the advent of modern sequencing technologies that were a result of step-by-step advances with a contribution of academics, medical personnel and instrument companies. While next-generation sequencing is moving ahead at breakneck speed, the multicapillary electrophoretic systems played an essential role in the sequencing of the Human Genome, the foundation of the field of genomics. In this prospective, we wish to overview the role of CE in DNA sequencing based in part of several of our articles in this journal.

  3. Automated sample preparation for CE-SDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, M Eleanor; Vizel, Alona; Hutterer, Katariina M

    2013-05-01

    Traditionally, CE with SDS (CE-SDS) places many restrictions on sample composition. Requirements include low salt content, known initial sample concentration, and a narrow window of final sample concentration. As these restrictions require buffer exchange for many sample types, sample preparation is often tedious and yields poor sample recoveries. To improve capacity and streamline sample preparation, an automated robotic platform was developed using the PhyNexus Micro-Extractor Automated Instrument (MEA) for both the reduced and nonreduced CE-SDS assays. This automated sample preparation normalizes sample concentration, removes salts and other contaminants, and adds the required CE-SDS reagents, essentially eliminating manual steps during sample preparation. Fc-fusion proteins and monoclonal antibodies were used in this work to demonstrate benefits of this approach when compared to the manual method. With optimized conditions, this application has demonstrated decreased analyst "hands on" time and reduced total assay time. Sample recovery greater than 90% can be achieved, regardless of initial composition and concentration of analyte.

  4. Resistive switching properties of Ce and Mn co-doped BiFeO3 thin films for nonvolatile memory application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenhua Tang

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Ce and Mn co-doped BiFeO3 (BCFMO thin films were synthesized on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrates using a sol-gel method. The unipolar resistive switching (URS and bipolar resistive switching (BRS behaviors were observed in the Pt/BCFMO/Pt device structure, which was attributed to the formation/rupture of metal filaments. The fabricated device exhibits a large ROFF/RON ratio (>80, long retention time (>105 s and low programming voltages (<1.5 V. Analysis of linear fitting current-voltage curves suggests that the space charge limited leakage current (SCLC and Schottky emission were observed as the conduction mechanisms of the devices.

  5. Heavy Fermion Character in Ce2Sb and Ce2Bi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyamada, Akira; Isobe, Atsushi; Kitazawa, Hideaki; Ochiai, Akira; Suzuki, Takashi; Kasuya, Tadao

    1993-05-01

    Magnetic susceptibilities, electrical resistivities and specific heats of Ce2Sb, Ce2Bi and CeLaBi were measured to clarify these physical properties. The most characteristic points of these compounds are the following. Ce site are two dimensional and the distance between Ce atoms are very small. The similarity between these compounds and CeRh3B2, in which Ce sites are one dimensional and the distance between Ce atoms are very small, are discussed.

  6. Investigation on some ceramic materials for electrochemical device applications. [ZrO[sub 2]-CeO[sub 2]-Y[sub 2]O[sub 3]; Y-Sr-Cr-O; La-Sr-Cr-O

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patil, D.S.; Venkatramani, N.; Rohatgi, V.K. (Laser and Plasma Technology Div., Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Bombay (India)); Mutsuddy, B.C. (Inst. of Materials Processing, Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton (United States))

    1992-05-01

    The recent developments in the field of high temperature technology demand materials with tailor-made electrical properties. These conductors play an important role in many practical applications. Energy conversion devices like fuel cells require solid electrolyte materials with ionic conductivity and electrodes with electronic conductivity. Mixed conductors are useful for hightemperature electrolysis of water vapor resulting in substantial energy savings in comparision with conventional electrolysis techniques. Because of their stability and reasonably high conductivity the cubic fluorite oxides of zirconia-ceria and chromite-based perovskites have received considerable attention for such applications. Ceramics based on tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (TZP) are being projected as potential fuel cell electrolyte materials. Microwave processing of these materials is a promising approach for the future development of ceramic devices for various electrochemical applications. As a part of the program designed to develop suitable materials for some of these applications, this paper will cover the method of preparation and electrical conductivity study performed on (ZrO[sub 2])[sub 0.85](CeO[sub 2])[sub 0.12](Y[sub 2]O[sub 3])[sub 0.03] and doped chromites A[sub 1-x]Sr[sub x]CrO[sub 3] (A = La, Y). We have also successfully sintered the Y-TZP ceramics to density close to the theoretical by using microwave energy and a single mode applicator. Some of the results will be presented in this paper.

  7. Synthesis of LaPO4∶Ce,Tb Fluorescent Nanopowders and Their Applications in Nondestructive Development of Latent Fingerprints%LaPO4∶Ce,Tb纳米荧光粉末的合成及其在指纹无损显现中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王猛

    2016-01-01

    fluorescence under the 254 nm ultraviolet excitation.The LaPO4∶Ce,Tb fluorescent nanopowders were finally used as novel fluorescent labels for the non-destructive development of latent fingerprints on various smooth substrates,and the developing contrast,sensitivity,selectivity, as well as the background interference were also discussed in detail.The experimental results showed that the latent fingerprints labeled by LaPO4∶Ce,Tb fluorescent nanopowders could give strong green emissions under 254 nm ultraviolet lights,and thus well-defined friction ridges with sharp edges and some detailed features could be clearly observed,with high contrast,high sensi-tivity,high selectivity,and low background interference.It was shown that our development procedure was facile,effective and well applicable with outstanding performance. More importantly,the extraction and detection of DNA in fingerprint residues could also be achieved after fingerprint development,which was almost impossible to achieve by using the traditional used devel-oping powders including metal powder,metallic powder,and fluorescent powder.Therefore,our work provides beneficial refer-ences for the full utilization of both fingerprints and DNA evidences.

  8. Ruthenium (II) complexes of thiosemicarbazone: Synthesis, biosensor applications and evaluation as antimicrobial agents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yildirim, Hatice [Dokuz Eylul University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Chemistry, 35160 Buca, Izmir (Turkey); Guler, Emine [Ege University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry, 35100 Bornova, Izmir (Turkey); Yavuz, Murat, E-mail: myavuz@dicle.edu.tr [Ege University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry, 35100 Bornova, Izmir (Turkey); Dicle University, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, 21280 Diyarbakir (Turkey); Ozturk, Nurdan; Kose Yaman, Pelin [Dokuz Eylul University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Chemistry, 35160 Buca, Izmir (Turkey); Subasi, Elif; Sahin, Elif [Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, 35160 Buca, Izmir (Turkey); Timur, Suna [Ege University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry, 35100 Bornova, Izmir (Turkey); Ege University, Institute on Drug Abuse, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science (BATI), 35100 Bornova, Izmir (Turkey)

    2014-11-01

    A conformationally rigid half-sandwich organoruthenium (II) complex [(η{sup 6}-p-cymene)RuClTSC{sup N–S}]Cl, (1) and carbonyl complex [Ru(CO)Cl(PPh{sub 3}){sub 2}TSC{sup N–S}] (2) have been synthesized from the reaction of [{(η"6-p-cymene)RuCl}{sub 2}(μ-Cl){sub 2}] and [Ru(H)(Cl)(CO)(PPh{sub 3}){sub 3}] with thiophene-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazon (TSC) respectively and both novel ruthenium (II) complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and NMR spectroscopy. The peripheral TSC in the complexes acts as an electrochemical coupling unit providing the ability to carry out electrochemical deposition (ED) and to form an electro-deposited film on a graphite electrode surface. The biosensing applicability of complexes 1 and 2 was investigated by using glucose oxidase (GOx) as a model enzyme. Electrochemical measurements at − 0.9 V versus Ag/AgCl electrode by following the ED Ru(II) reduction/oxidation due to from the enzyme activity, in the presence of glucose substrate. The designed biosensor showed a very good linearity for 0.01–0.5 mM glucose. The in vitro antimicrobial activities of complexes 1 and 2 were also investigated against nine bacterial strains and one fungus by the disc diffusion test method. No activity was observed against the Gram-negative strains and fungus, whereas complex 1 showed moderate antibacterial activities against Gram-positive bacterial strains. - Highlights: • Novel Ru (II) thiosemicarbazone complexes were synthesized and characterized. • Electrochemical depositions were performed. • Rigid half-sandwich Ru (II) complex showed enhanced antibacterial activity.

  9. On the luminescence properties of CaSO4:Ce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapraz, D; Prevost, H; Iacconi, P; Guigues, C; Benabdesselam, M; Briand, D

    2002-01-01

    The luminescent properties of cerium doped calcium sulphate are studied: fluorescence and excitation spectra, optical absorption and thermoluminescence (TSL). It is known that, in rare earth doped CaSO4, only cerium induces a strong 400 degrees C TSL peak. In CaSO4:0.2%Ce samples synthesised under oxidising conditions, the recovery step of Ce3+ fluorescence is correlated with the 400 degrees C TSL peak readout, as mentioned by Nair er al. Our results indicate that an oxidation of Ce3+ ion does occur under X-irradiation (Ce3+ --> Ce4+), followed by a complete return to the trivalent state after thermal annealing at about 500 degrees C; our results confirm the hypothesis of Nair et al that Ce3+ ions are oxidised by ionising irradiation. So, a pure redox reaction seems the most probable for the 400 degrees C TSL peak of CaSO4:Ce. Moreover, the use of the 400 degrees C TSL peak for high temperature dosimetry applications is discussed.

  10. Preparation and characterization of CNT-CeO{sub 2} nanocomposite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaur, Jasmeet, E-mail: jasmeet.dayal@gmail.com; Anand, Kanika; Singh, Ravi Chand [Department of Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar-143005 (India)

    2015-06-24

    This paper reports decoration of CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles on multi-walled carbon nanotubes through a reflux process in which Ce (NO{sub 3}) {sub 3}·6H{sub 2}O serves as precursor and hydrazine hydrate (N{sub 2}H{sub 4}.H{sub 2}O) as reducing agent. Successful deposition of cubic fluorite CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes has been confirmed by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS). It was found that CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles formed in the presence of CNTs were larger as compared to pure CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles. Raman analysis showed that CeO{sub 2} induced a decrease in the size of the carbon grain in the CNTs. A red shift from 460 cm{sup −1} to 463 cm{sup −1} for F{sub 2g} mode of CeO{sub 2} has also been observed in Raman spectra of CNT- CeO{sub 2} nanocomposite as compared to pure CeO{sub 2}. The CeO{sub 2} coated multi-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT-CeO{sub 2}) nanocomposite would be a promising candidate for practical applications such as catalysis, sensing and power source applications.

  11. Applicability of the Charm II system for monitoring antibiotic residues in manure-based composts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, S I; Owens, G; Ok, Y S; Lee, D B; Jeon, W-T; Kim, J G; Kim, K-R

    2011-01-01

    The effluence of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) to aquatic and terrestrial environments is of concern due to the potential adverse effects on human health, such as the production of antibiotic resistant bacteria. One of the main pathways for antibiotics to enter the environment is via the application of manure and/or manure-based composts as an alternative organic fertilizer to agricultural lands. While a wide diversity of manure-based composts are produced in Korea, there is currently no regulatory guideline for VA residues. Hence, monitoring and limiting the concentration of VA residues in manure and/or manure-based composts prior to application to the lands is important to mitigate any environmental burden. The current study was conducted to examine the applicability of the Charm II antibiotic test system for monitoring tetracyclines, sulfonamides and macrolides in manure-based composts. The Charm II system was a highly reproducible method for determining whether VA residue concentrations in manure-based compost exceeded specific guideline values. A wide range of manure-based composts and liquid fertilizers commercially available in Korea were examined using the Charm II system to monitor the residues of the target VAs. For this, the guideline concentrations of VA residues (0.8 mg kg(-1) for tetracyclines, 0.2 mg kg(-1) for sulfonamides, and 0.1 mg kg(-1) for macrolides) stated in 'Official Standard of Feeds' under the 'Control of Livestock and Fish Feed Act' in Korea were adopted to establish control points. Of the 70 compost samples examined 12 exceeded 0.8 mg kg(-1) for tetracyclines and 21 exceeded 0.2 mg kg(-1) for sulfonamides. Of the 25 liquid fertilizer samples examined most samples exceeded these prospective guidelines.

  12. Ce3+-ion-induced visible-light photocatalytic degradation and electrochemical activity of ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajendran, Saravanan; Khan, Mohammad Mansoob; Gracia, F.; Qin, Jiaqian; Gupta, Vinod Kumar; Arumainathan, Stephen

    2016-08-01

    In this study, pure ZnO, CeO2 and ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposites were synthesized using a thermal decomposition method and subsequently characterized using different standard techniques. High-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements confirmed the oxidation states and presence of Zn2+, Ce4+, Ce3+ and different bonded oxygen species in the nanocomposites. The prepared pure ZnO and CeO2 as well as the ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposites with various proportions of ZnO and CeO2 were tested for photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange, methylene blue and phenol under visible-light irradiation. The optimized and highly efficient ZnO/CeO2 (90:10) nanocomposite exhibited enhanced photocatalytic degradation performance for the degradation of methyl orange, methylene blue, and phenol as well as industrial textile effluent compared to ZnO, CeO2 and the other investigated nanocomposites. Moreover, the recycling results demonstrate that the ZnO/CeO2 (90:10) nanocomposite exhibited good stability and long-term durability. Furthermore, the prepared ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposites were used for the electrochemical detection of uric acid and ascorbic acid. The ZnO/CeO2 (90:10) nanocomposite also demonstrated the best detection, sensitivity and performance among the investigated materials in this application. These findings suggest that the synthesized ZnO/CeO2 (90:10) nanocomposite could be effectively used in various applications.

  13. Ce(3+)-ion-induced visible-light photocatalytic degradation and electrochemical activity of ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajendran, Saravanan; Khan, Mohammad Mansoob; Gracia, F; Qin, Jiaqian; Gupta, Vinod Kumar; Arumainathan, Stephen

    2016-08-16

    In this study, pure ZnO, CeO2 and ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposites were synthesized using a thermal decomposition method and subsequently characterized using different standard techniques. High-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements confirmed the oxidation states and presence of Zn(2+), Ce(4+), Ce(3+) and different bonded oxygen species in the nanocomposites. The prepared pure ZnO and CeO2 as well as the ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposites with various proportions of ZnO and CeO2 were tested for photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange, methylene blue and phenol under visible-light irradiation. The optimized and highly efficient ZnO/CeO2 (90:10) nanocomposite exhibited enhanced photocatalytic degradation performance for the degradation of methyl orange, methylene blue, and phenol as well as industrial textile effluent compared to ZnO, CeO2 and the other investigated nanocomposites. Moreover, the recycling results demonstrate that the ZnO/CeO2 (90:10) nanocomposite exhibited good stability and long-term durability. Furthermore, the prepared ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposites were used for the electrochemical detection of uric acid and ascorbic acid. The ZnO/CeO2 (90:10) nanocomposite also demonstrated the best detection, sensitivity and performance among the investigated materials in this application. These findings suggest that the synthesized ZnO/CeO2 (90:10) nanocomposite could be effectively used in various applications.

  14. Temperature dependent magnetic properties and application potential of intermetallic Fe{sub 11-x}Co{sub x} TiCe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goll, D.; Loeffler, R.; Stein, R.; Pflanz, U.; Goeb, S.; Karimi, R.; Schneider, G. [Aalen University, Materials Research Institute (Germany)

    2014-10-15

    The novel quaternary compound Fe{sub 11-x}Co{sub x} TiCe (x = 0 to 3.25) of Mn{sub 12}Th structure has been fabricated by arc melting. The analysis is focused on temperature dependent determination of intrinsic properties from 4 K to 750 K using domain pattern analysis and magnetometry. Above room temperature RT maximum values of anisotropy constant K{sub 1} and saturation polarization J{sub s} are observed for a Co content of 15 at% (x = 1.95) with K{sub 1} and J{sub s} of 2.15 MJ/m{sup 3} (1.22 MJ/m{sup 3}) and 1.27 T (1.05 T) at RT (200 C). At operating temperatures of 100 C for this material magnetic properties (BH){sub max}= 282 kJ/m{sup 3}, μ{sub 0}H{sub c} = 0.94 T are expected. If a suitable microstructure could be processed, based on intrinsic properties of the phases the costs would be 35% per J/m{sup 3} of the costs of Dy-free Fe-Nd-B. (copyright 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  15. PRINCEPS: A Computer-Based Approach to the Structural Description and Recognition of Trends within Structural Databases, and Its Application to the Ce-Ni-Si System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiming Guo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Intermetallic crystal structures offer an enormous structural diversity, with an endless array of structural motifs whose connection to stability and physical properties are often mysterious. Making sense of the often complex crystal structures that arise here, developing a clear structural description, and identifying connections to other phases can be laborious and require an encyclopedic knowledge of structure types. In this Article, we present PRINCEPS, an algorithm based on a new coordination environment projection scheme that facilitates the structural analysis and comparison of such crystal structures. We demonstrate the potential of this approach by applying it to the complex Ce-Ni-Si ternary system, whose 17 binary and 21 ternary phases would present a daunting challenge to one seeking to understand the system by manual inspection (but has nonetheless been well-described through the heroic efforts of previous researchers. With the help of PRINCEPS, most of the ternary phases in this system can be rationalized as intergrowths of simple structural fragments, and grouped into a handful of structural series (with some outliers. These results illustrate how the PRINCEPS approach can be used to organize a vast collection of crystal structures into structurally meaningful families, and guide the description of complex atomic arrangements.

  16. UTILISATION DU MODÈLE ÉCREVISSE COMME ESPÈCE BIOINDICATRICE DE POLLUTION. APPLICATION À L’ÉTUDE DES TRANSFERTS TROPHIQUES DU CADMIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SIMON O.

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available La bioaccumulation des métaux par les organismes aquatiques est directement liée aux modalités d’exposition : contamination directe via le milieu ou contamination trophique via l’ingestion de proies contaminées. Pour appréhender les perturbations des écosystèmes, il apparaît important de déterminer des espèces « bioindicatrices » et de mesurer la part respective de ces deux voies d’exposition. Les travaux présentés concernent le transfert trophique du cadmium entre une proie, le bivalve benthique Corbicula fluminea, et un de ses prédateurs, l’écrevisse Astacus astacus. Afin d’insister sur l’importance des modalités de prédation de ce crustacé, nous avons réalisé 2 approches expérimentales complémentaires. La première concerne la consommation « naturelle » de proies contaminées pendant 30 jours d’exposition, la seconde consiste à introduire directement un bol alimentaire de proies contaminées dans l’estomac des écrevisses par une technique de gavage. Les résultats montrent une différence importante entre ces deux approches expérimentales.

  17. Zero-dark-counting X-ray photon detection using a YAP(Ce)-MPPC detector and its application to computed tomography using gadolinium contrast media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kami, Syouta; Sato, Eiichi; Kogita, Hayato; Numahata, Wataru; Hamaya, Tatsuki; Nihei, Shinichi; Arakawa, Yumeka; Oda, Yasuyuki; Kodama, Hajime; Hagiwara, Osahiko; Matsukiyo, Hiroshi; Osawa, Akihiro; Enomoto, Toshiyuki; Watanabe, Manabu; Kusachi, Shinya; Sato, Shigehiro; Ogawa, Akira

    2014-07-01

    To measure X-ray spectra and to perform photon-counting computed tomography (PC-CT) with high count rates, we developed a zero-dark-counting spectrometer using a short-decay-time scintillator. A method exploiting a YAP(Ce) [cerium-doped yttrium aluminum perovskite] single crystal scintillator with a decay time of 30 ns and an MPPC (multipixel photon counter) has been developed to count X-ray photons. The photocurrent from the MPPC was amplified by a high-speed current-voltage amplifier, and the event pulse was sent to a multichannel analyzer (MCA) to measure X-ray spectra. The MPPC was driven under pre-Geiger mode at a bias voltage of the MPPC of 70.7 V and a temperature of 23 °C. The PC-CT was accomplished by repeated linear scans and rotations of an object, and projection curves of the object were obtained by the linear scan at a tube current of 1.0 mA. The exposure time for obtaining a tomogram was 10 min at a scan step of 0.5 mm and a rotation step of 1.0°. At a tube voltage of 100 kV, the maximum count rate was 200 kcps. In the PC-CT using gadolinium media, we observed image-contrast variations with changes in lower-level discrimination voltage of the event pulse using a comparator.

  18. Reforming the teaching of "the electronic technology curriculum designs" and cultivating"3CE"application-oriented innovation talents%改革"电子技术课程设计"教学,培养"3CE"应用型创新人才

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪梅; 何光谱; 张建平; 童强; 张自友

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the “3CE” application-oriented talent-cultivating mode and introduces the situation of the curriculum construction of course design of electronic technology and practical teaching reform in the author's department in recent years. A profound exploration has been done to aim at teaching content, teaching approaches, evaluation methods, etc. in the curriculum construction. The practice reveals that not only have students' learning interests been stimulated, but also students' engineering design awareness and creative ability have been well developed after the reform of course design, which lays a solid foundation for having a better performance in the following courses and electronic contests.%提出"3CE"应用型创新人才培养模式,介绍了"电子技术"课程建设与实践教学改革状况.针对课程建设过程中的教学内容、教学方法、考评方式等进行了较深入的探讨.实践表明,改革后的课程设计不仅提高了学生的学习兴趣,更重要的是培养了学生工程设计意识和创新能力,为后续课程和电子竞赛打下坚实基础,并取得可喜成绩.

  19. [Metallothionein-I/II in brain injury repair mechanism and its application in forensic medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Dong; Li, Ru-bo; Lin, Ju-li

    2013-10-01

    Metallothionein (MT) is a kind of metal binding protein. As an important member in metallothionein family, MT-I/II regulates metabolism and detoxication of brain metal ion and scavenges free radicals. It is capable of anti-inflammatory response and anti-oxidative stress so as to protect the brain tissue. During the repair process of brain injury, the latest study showed that MT-I/II could stimulate brain anti-inflammatory factors, growth factors, neurotrophic factors and the expression of the receptor, and promote the extension of axon of neuron, which makes contribution to the regeneration of neuron and has important effect on the recovery of brain injury. Based on the findings, this article reviews the structure, expression, distribution, adjustion, function, mechanism in the repair of brain injury of MT-I/II and its application prospect in forensic medicine. It could provide a new approach for the design and manufacture of brain injury drugs as well as for age estimation of the brain injury.

  20. Synthesis and spectral characterization of Zn(II) microsphere series for antimicrobial application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ajay K.; Pandey, Sarvesh K.; Pandey, O. P.; Sengupta, S. K.

    2014-09-01

    Microsphere series have been synthesized by reacting zinc(II) acetate dihydrate with Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole/oxadiazole/triazole with salicylaldehyde. Elemental analysis suggests that the complexes have 1:2 and 1:1 stoichiometry of the type [Zn(L)2(H2O)2] and [Zn(L‧)(H2O)2]; LH = Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thia/oxadiazole with salicylaldehyde; L‧H2 = Schiff bases derived from 3-(substituted phenyl)-4-amino-5-hydrazino-1,2,4-triazole and salicylaldehyde and were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectral data. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that synthesized materials have microsphere like structure and there EDX analysis comparably matches with elemental analysis. For the antimicrobial application Schiff bases and their zinc(II) complexes were screened for four bacteria e.g. Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, Streptococcus pyogenes and four fungi e.g. Cyrtomium falcatum, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporium and Curvularia pallescence by the reported method. Schiff base and Zn(II) compounds showed significant antimicrobial activities. However, activities increase upon chelation. Thermal analysis (TGA) data of compound (10) showed its stability up to 300 °C.

  1. The renewable bismuth bulk annular band working electrode: fabrication and application in the adsorptive stripping voltammetric determination of nickel(II) and cobalt(II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baś, Bogusław; Węgiel, Krystian; Jedlińska, Katarzyna

    2015-06-30

    The paper presents the first report on fabrication and application of a user friendly and mercury free electrochemical sensor, with the renewable bismuth bulk annular band working electrode (RBiABE), in stripping voltammetry (SV). The sensor body is partly filled with the internal electrolyte solution, in which the RBiABE is cleaned and activated before each measurement. Time of the RBiABE contact with the sample solution is precisely controlled. The usefulness of this sensor was tested by Ni(II) and Co(II) traces determination by means of differential pulse adsorptive stripping voltammetry (DP AdSV), after complexation with dimethylglyoxime (DMG) in ammonia buffer (pH 8.2). The experimental variables (composition of the supporting electrolyte, pre-concentration potential and time, potential of the RBiABE activation, and DP parameters), as well as possible interferences, were investigated. The linear calibration graphs for Ni(II) and Co(II), determined individually and together, in the range from 1×10(-8) to 70×10(-8)molL(-1) and from 1×10(-9) to 70×10(-9)molL(-1) respectively, were obtained. The calculated limit of detection (LOD), for 30s of the accumulation time, was 3×10(-9)molL(-1) for Ni(II) in case of a single element's analysis, whereas the LOD was 5×10(-9)molL(-1) for Ni(II) and 3×10(-10)molL(-1) for Co(II), when both metal ions were measured together. The repeatability of the Ni(II) and Co(II) adsorptive stripping voltammetric signals obtained at the RBiABE were equal to 5.4% and 2.5%, respectively (n=5). Finally, the proposed method was validated by determining Ni(II) and Co(II) in the certified reference waters (SPS-SW1 and SPS-SW2) with satisfactory results.

  2. Combustion synthesis of YAG:Ce and related phosphors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, K. V. K.; Muley, A.; Yadav, P.; Joshi, C. P.; Moharil, S. V.

    2011-11-01

    YAG:Ce is an important phosphor having applications in various fields ranging from solid state lighting to scintillation detectors. YAG phosphors doped with activators are mainly synthesized by solid state reaction techniques that require high sintering temperatures (above 1500°C) to eliminate YAM and YAP phases. Though several soft chemical routes have been explored for synthesis of YAG, most of these methods are complex and phase pure materials are not obtained in one step, but prolonged annealing at temperatures around 1000°C or above become necessary. One step combustion synthesis of YAG:Ce3+ and related phosphors carried out at 500°C furnace temperature is reported here. Activation with Ce3+ could be achieved during the synthesis without taking recourse to any post-combustion thermal treatment. LEDs prepared from the combustion synthesized YAG:Ce3+, exhibited properties comparable to those produced from the commercial phosphor.

  3. Transferring diffractive optics from research to commercial applications: Part II - size estimations for selected markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, Robert

    2014-04-01

    In a series of two contributions, decisive business-related aspects of the current process status to transfer research results on diffractive optical elements (DOEs) into commercial solutions are discussed. In part I, the focus was on the patent landscape. Here, in part II, market estimations concerning DOEs for selected applications are presented, comprising classical spectroscopic gratings, security features on banknotes, DOEs for high-end applications, e.g., for the semiconductor manufacturing market and diffractive intra-ocular lenses. The derived market sizes are referred to the optical elements, itself, rather than to the enabled instruments. The estimated market volumes are mainly addressed to scientifically and technologically oriented optical engineers to serve as a rough classification of the commercial dimensions of DOEs in the different market segments and do not claim to be exhaustive.

  4. Signature splitting in 129Ce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Ying; WU Xiao-Guang; ZHU Li-Hua; LI Guang-Sheng; HE Chuang-Ye; LI Xue-Qin; PAN Bo; HAO Xin; LI Li-Hua; WANG Zhi-Min; LI Zhong-Yu; XU Qiang

    2009-01-01

    The high spin states of 129Ce have been populated via heavy-ion fusion evaporation reaction 96Mo (37C1, 1p3n) 129Ce. The γ-γ coincidence and intensity balance used to measure the B(M1; I→I-1)/B(E2; I→I-2) (the probability ratio of the dipole and quadrupole transition) in v7/2[523] rotational band of 129Ce. And the energy splitting (Δe') has been got through the experimental Routhians. The lifetimes and quadrupole moments Qt have been extracted from the lineshape analyses using DSAM. The deformation of the v7/2[523] rotational band of 129Ce was extracted from the Qt and moment of inertia JRR.

  5. Synthesis and characterization of Ce{sub 1-x}SmXO{sub 2-(x/2)} as solid electrolyte for application in IT-SOFCs; Sintese e caracterizacao de Ce{sub 1-x}SmXO{sub 2-(x/2)} como eletrolito solido para aplicacao em IT-SOFCs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nicodemo, J.P.; Martinelli, A.E.; Nascimento, R.M. [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (DECM/UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia de Materiais], e-mail: juli_pivotto@yahoo.com.br; Melo, D.M.A. [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (DQ/UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica; Cela, B. [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (PPGCEM/UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ciencia e Engenharia de Materiais; Macedo, D.A. [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (PPGEM/UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia Mecanica

    2008-07-01

    Mixed rare earth doped CeO{sub 2} oxide-based have been extensively studied for use in solid electrolytes for fuel cells. Ceramics-based CeO{sub 2} have high ionic conductivity and enable the operation of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) in intermediate temperatures, in the range of 500 to 750 deg C. In this work, was investigated the Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3} doped CeO{sub 2} by Pechini method to obtain Ce{sub 0,9}Sm{sub 0,1}O{sub 1,95}. The resulting powders were characterized by the chemical composition (EDS) and crystallographic (XRD), thermal analysis (TG/ATD and DTG), and particles morphology (SEM). After calcinations of 500 and 700 deg C for 2 hours were obtained nanosized powders with crystalline structure of cubic phase type fluorite fully formed. (author)

  6. Ce O{sub 2}-Zr O{sub 2} tetragonal ceramics (Ce-TZP): mechanical properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nono, Maria do Carmo de Andrade [Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil). Laboratorio Associado de Sensores e Materiais

    1994-12-31

    This work presents the development and the characterization of Ce O{sub 2}-stabilized tetragonal Zr O{sub 2} polycrystals (Ce-TZP ceramics), since it is considered candidate material for applications as structural high performance ceramics, an as substitute of some metallic materials. Ce-TZP ceramics attain remarkable increasing in strength and fracture toughness. Sintered ceramics were fabricated from mixtures of powders containing different Ce O{sub 2} content prepared by conventional mechanical technique. It were adopted the bending strength, Vickers hardness and fracture toughness techniques to the determination of the mechanical parameters. These results were discussed and compared to those published in international literature. (author) 11 refs., 10 figs.

  7. Performance comparison between ceramic Ce:GAGG and single crystal Ce:GAGG with digital-SiPM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, C.; Kim, C.; Kim, J.; Lee, Y.; Na, Y.; Lee, K.; Yeom, J. Y.

    2017-01-01

    The Gd3Al2Ga3O12 (Ce:GAGG) is a new inorganic scintillator known for its attractive properties such as high light yield, stopping power and relatively fast decay time. In this study, we fabricated a ceramic Ce:GAGG scintillator as a cost-effective alternative to single crystal Ce:GAGG and, for the first time, investigated their performances when coupled to the digital silicon photomultiplier (dSiPM)—a new type of photosensor designed for applications in medical imaging, high energy and astrophysics. Compared to 3 × 3 × 2 mm3 sized single crystal Ce:GAGG, the translucent ceramic Ce:GAGG, which has a much lower transmittance than the single crystal, was determined to give an output signal amplitude that is approximately 61% of single crystal Ce:GAGG. The energy resolution of the 511 keV annihilation peak of a 22Na source was measured to be 9.9 ± 0.2% and 13.0 ± 0.3% for the single and ceramic scintillators respectively. On the other hand, the coincidence resolving time (CRT) of ceramic Ce:GAGG was 307 ± 23 ps, better than the 465 ± 37 ps acquired with single crystals—probably attributed to its slightly faster decay time and higher proportion of the fast decay component. The ceramic Ce:GAGG may be a promising cost-effective candidate for applications that do not require thick scintillators such as x-ray detectors and charged particle detectors, and those that require time-of-flight capabilities.

  8. Preparation of dendritic bismuth film electrodes and their application for detection of trace Pb (II) and Cd (II)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huizhu Zhou; Huanhuan Hou; Lei Dai; Yuehua Li; Jing Zhu; Ling Wang

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, dendritic Bi film electrodes with porous structure had successfully been prepared on glassy carbon electrode using a constant current electrolysis method based on hydrogen bubble dynamic templates. The elec-trode prepared using a large applied current density showed an increased internal electroactive area and a signif-icantly improved electrochemical performance. The analytical utility of the prepared dendritic Bi film electrodes for the determination of Pb (II) and Cd (II) in the range of 5–50μg·L−1 were presented in combination with square wave stripping voltammetry in model solution. Compared with non-porous Bi film electrode, the dendrit-ic Bi film electrode exhibited higher sensitivity and lower detection limit. The prepared Bi film electrode with dendritic structure was also successfully applied to real water sample analysis.

  9. Ca2+-Doped CeBr3 Scintillating Materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guss, Paul [NSTec; Foster, Michael E. [SNL; Wong, Bryan M. [SNL; Doty, F. Patrick [SNL; Shah, Kanai [RMD; Squillante, Michael R. [RMD; Shirwadkar, Urmila [RMD; Hawrami, Rastgo [RMD; Tower, Josh [RMD; Yuan, Ding [NSTec

    2014-01-01

    Despite the outstanding scintillation performance characteristics of cerium tribromide (CeBr3) and cerium-activated lanthanum tribromide, their commercial availability and application are limited due to the difficulties of growing large, crack-free single crystals from these fragile materials. This investigation employed aliovalent doping to increase crystal strength while maintaining the optical properties of the crystal. One divalent dopant (Ca2+) was used as a dopant to strengthen CeBr3 without negatively impacting scintillation performance. Ingots containing nominal concentrations of 1.9% of the Ca2+ dopant were grown. Preliminary scintillation measurements are presented for this aliovalently doped scintillator. Ca2+-doped CeBr3 exhibited little or no change in the peak fluorescence emission for 371 nm optical excitation for CeBr3. The structural, electronic, and optical properties of CeBr3 crystals were studied using the density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with the experimental data. The energy band structures and density of states were obtained. The optical properties of CeBr3, including the dielectric function, were calculated.

  10. Capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry (CE-MS): twenty years of development

    OpenAIRE

    Nilson Antonio Assunção; Etelvino José Henriques Bechara; Ana Valéria Colnaghi Simionato; Marina Franco Maggi Tavares; Emanuel Carrilho

    2008-01-01

    CE-MS has been increasingly used for analysis of a vast array of compounds. This article reviews the different electrophoretic modes, interfaces and mass analyzers that are commonly used in the CE-MS coupling, as well as the technique advantages and performance characteristics. A large compilation of CE-MS applications is also presented. Therefore, this review is both a guide for beginners and a collection of key references for people who are familiar to the technique. Furthermore, this is th...

  11. Eletroforese capilar acoplada à espectrometria de massas (CE-MS): vinte anos de desenvolvimento

    OpenAIRE

    Assunção, Nilson Antonio [UNIFESP; Bechara, Etelvino José Henriques [UNIFESP; Simionato,Ana Valéria Colnaghi; Tavares, Marina Franco Maggi; Carrilho, Emanuel

    2008-01-01

    CE-MS has been increasingly used for analysis of a vast array of compounds. This article reviews the different electrophoretic modes, interfaces and mass analyzers that are commonly used in the CE-MS coupling, as well as the technique advantages and performance characteristics. A large compilation of CE-MS applications is also presented. Therefore, this review is both a guide for beginners and a collection of key references for people who are familiar to the technique. Furthermore, this is th...

  12. State-of-the-art human gene therapy: part II. Gene therapy strategies and clinical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dan; Gao, Guangping

    2014-09-01

    In Part I of this Review (Wang and Gao, 2014), we introduced recent advances in gene delivery technologies and explained how they have powered some of the current human gene therapy applications. In Part II, we expand the discussion on gene therapy applications, focusing on some of the most exciting clinical uses. To help readers to grasp the essence and to better organize the diverse applications, we categorize them under four gene therapy strategies: (1) gene replacement therapy for monogenic diseases, (2) gene addition for complex disorders and infectious diseases, (3) gene expression alteration targeting RNA, and (4) gene editing to introduce targeted changes in host genome. Human gene therapy started with the simple idea that replacing a faulty gene with a functional copy can cure a disease. It has been a long and bumpy road to finally translate this seemingly straightforward concept into reality. As many disease mechanisms unraveled, gene therapists have employed a gene addition strategy backed by a deep knowledge of what goes wrong in diseases and how to harness host cellular machinery to battle against diseases. Breakthroughs in other biotechnologies, such as RNA interference and genome editing by chimeric nucleases, have the potential to be integrated into gene therapy. Although clinical trials utilizing these new technologies are currently sparse, these innovations are expected to greatly broaden the scope of gene therapy in the near future.

  13. Sintering of Multilayered Porous Structures: Part II – Experiments and Model Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ni, De Wei; Olevsky, Eugene; Esposito, Vincenzo;

    2013-01-01

    Experimental analyses of shrinkage and distortion kinetics during sintering of bilayered porous and dense gadolinium-doped ceria Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95d structures are carried out, and compared with the theoretical models developed in Part I of this work. A novel approach is developed for the determinat...

  14. Microchips for CE: breakthroughs in real-world food analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escarpa, Alberto; González, María Cristina; López Gil, Miguel Angel; Crevillén, Agustín G; Hervás, Miriam; García, Miguel

    2008-12-01

    The well-known complexity of food matrices is approached using CE microchips with different strategies to improve the selectivity and sensitivity of the analysis by avoiding and/or making the sample preparation as simple as possible: (i) enhancing the peak capacity in order to perform direct injection, (ii) using the microchip platform to measure one target analyte/group of analytes with or without separating other related interferences, (iii) integrating sample preparation steps on the microchip platform, and (iv) integrating new analytical tools from nanotechnology in the detection stage. New analyte separations of food significance involving DNA probes, biogenic amines, vanilla flavors, and dyes have been reported as successfully breaking new barriers in areas of high impact in the market, such as transgenic food analysis, as well as the detection of frauds and toxins. Simple microchip layouts are still the most common designs used, though sophisticated new ones are emerging. In contrast to other application areas, electrochemical detection continues to be the most common detection route, followed by LIF, though non-conventional detection routes are also emerging, such as chemiluminescence or UV. In terms of analytical performance, the integration of calibration and quality control on a microchip platform, and remarkable accuracy and precision are being obtained using creative analytical methodologies that enhance the analytical potency of microfluidic chips for their future commercialization. This review critically states the most important advances derived from work done in the field over the past 2-3 years.

  15. Experimental validation of improved 3D SBP positioning algorithm in PET applications using UW Phase II Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorge, L. S.; Bonifacio, D. A. B.; DeWitt, Don; Miyaoka, R. S.

    2016-12-01

    Continuous scintillator-based detectors have been considered as a competitive and cheaper approach than highly pixelated discrete crystal positron emission tomography (PET) detectors, despite the need for algorithms to estimate 3D gamma interaction position. In this work, we report on the implementation of a positioning algorithm to estimate the 3D interaction position in a continuous crystal PET detector using a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). The evaluated method is the Statistics-Based Processing (SBP) technique that requires light response function and event position characterization. An algorithm has been implemented using the Verilog language and evaluated using a data acquisition board that contains an Altera Stratix III FPGA. The 3D SBP algorithm was previously successfully implemented on a Stratix II FPGA using simulated data and a different module design. In this work, improvements were made to the FPGA coding of the 3D positioning algorithm, reducing the total memory usage to around 34%. Further the algorithm was evaluated using experimental data from a continuous miniature crystal element (cMiCE) detector module. Using our new implementation, average FWHM (Full Width at Half Maximum) for the whole block is 1.71±0.01 mm, 1.70±0.01 mm and 1.632±0.005 mm for x, y and z directions, respectively. Using a pipelined architecture, the FPGA is able to process 245,000 events per second for interactions inside of the central area of the detector that represents 64% of the total block area. The weighted average of the event rate by regional area (corner, border and central regions) is about 198,000 events per second. This event rate is greater than the maximum expected coincidence rate for any given detector module in future PET systems using the cMiCE detector design.

  16. RESONANT PHOTOEMISSION OF BULK CeO2 AND NANO—CeO2 FILMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M.I.Abbas; K.Ibrahim; Z.Y.Wu; J.Zhang; F.Q.Liu; H.J.Qian

    2001-01-01

    Photoemission behaviors of nano-CeO2 films with parlicle sizes ranging from 8nm to 50nm and bulk CeO2 in Ce 4d-4f absorption region have been investigated.Resonant enhancements of Ce 4f valance band and Ce 5p bands for nano film and bulk material have been observed.The variation of electron density of Ce 4d-4f resonace.

  17. Design and Preparation of MnO2/CeO2-MnO2 Double-Shelled Binary Oxide Hollow Spheres and Their Application in CO Oxidation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jian; Cao, Yidan; Wang, Chang-An; Ran, Rui

    2016-04-06

    Herein, we designed an extremely facile method to prepare well-defined MnO2@CeO2-MnO2 ball-in-ball binary oxide hollow spheres by employing carbon spheres (CSs) as sacrificial templates. The synthesis process involves a novel self-assembled approach to prepare core-shell CSs@CeO2 precursor, which would directly react with KMnO4 aqueous solution to form yolk-shell CSs@MnO2/CeO2-MnO2 precursor in the following step. Well-dispersed Ce-Mn binary oxide with double-shelled hollow sphere structure could be achieved after annealing the precursor in air. The evolution process and formation mechanism of this novel structure were thoroughly studied in this paper. Especially the as-prepared double-shell MnO2/CeO2-MnO2 hollow spheres exhibited enhanced catalytic activity for CO oxidation compared with the pure MnO2 hollow spheres and pure CeO2 hollow spheres. We believe the high surface area, hierarchical porous structures, and strong synergistic interaction between CeO2 and MnO2 contribute to the excellent catalytic activity. Most importantly, this method could be extended to prepare other transition metal oxides. As an example, triple-shelled Co-Mn composite hollow spheres assembled by ultrathin nanoplates were successfully prepared.

  18. High Quantum Efficiency Type II SLS FPAs for Space-Based Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This Phase II SBIR proposes to develop high quantum efficiency (QE) and low dark current infrared epitaxy materials based on Type II Strained Layer Superlattice...

  19. Synthesis, characterization, and ecotoxicity of CeO2 nanoparticles with differing properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, Bushra; Philippe, Allan; Rosenfeldt, Ricki R.; Seitz, Frank; Dey, Sonal; Bundschuh, Mirco; Schaumann, Gabriele E.; Brenner, Sara A.

    2016-10-01

    CeO2 nanoparticles with various characteristics find an increasing number of applications in the electronic, medical, and other industries and are therefore likely released in the environment. This calls for investigations linking the physicochemical properties of these particles with their potential environmental impacts. In this study, CeO2 nanoparticle powders were prepared using three different precursors [Ce(NO3)3, CeCl3, and Ce(CH3COO)3] and annealing temperatures (300, 500, and 700 °C). This procedure resulted in nine different types of nanoparticles with differing size (5-90 nm), morphology, surface Ce3+/Ce4+ ratio, and slightly different crystal structures as characterized using transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction measurements with Rietveld refinement. These CeO2 nanoparticles underwent toxicity testing at concentrations up to 64 mg L-1 using Daphnia magna. Toxic effects were observed for three particle types with EC50 values between 5 and 64 mg L-1. No clear correlation was observed between the physicochemical properties (size, shape, oxygen occupancy, Ce3+/Ce4+ ratio) of the nanoparticles and their toxicity. However, toxicity was correlated with the amount of Ce remaining suspended in the test medium after 24 h. This indicated that toxic effects may depend on the colloidal stability of CeO2 nanoparticles during the first day of exposure. Therefore, being readily suspended and remaining stable for several days in the aquatic media increases the likelihood that CeO2 nanoparticles will cause unwanted adverse effects.

  20. Electroless ternary NiCeP coatings: Preparation and characterisation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balaraju, J.N., E-mail: jnbalraj@nal.res.in [Surface Engineering Division, CSIR National Aerospace Laboratories, Post Bag No. 1779 Bangalore 560017, Karnataka (India); Chembath, Manju [Surface Engineering Division, CSIR National Aerospace Laboratories, Post Bag No. 1779 Bangalore 560017, Karnataka (India)

    2012-10-01

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Rare earth element (Ce) has been successfully codeposited in NiP matrix. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Surface analysis carried out by XPS showed that the Ce is present in +3 and +4 oxidation state. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Palladium stability test indicated that the Ce salts in electroless nickel bath has reduced the stability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cerium codeposition in NiP matrix has increased the microhardness both in as-plated and annealed conditions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Higher thermal stability has been obtained by Ce incorporation. - Abstract: Electroless ternary NiCeP deposits were prepared from alkaline citrate bath containing nickel sulphate, cerium chloride and sodium hypophosphite. Concentration of rare earth cerium was varied from 1 to 2 g/L to obtain ternary deposits containing variable Ce and P contents. The influence of cerium on the deposit properties was analysed. The deposit exhibited a maximum cerium content of 6.2 {+-} 0.1 wt.% when the cerium chloride concentration was 2 g/L. The result of the Pd stability test showed that the stability of the bath was reduced due to Ce salt addition. The microhardness measurements made on both as-plated and heat treated samples exhibited a peak hardness of 1006 {+-} 11 VHN for cerium concentration of 1.5 g/L. The concept of kinetic strength analysis was proved to be applicable only for binary and not for ternary alloys due to multistep deposition mechanism with different kinetic energies. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of as-plated and heat treated samples revealed peaks corresponding to Ni (1 1 1) and nickel phosphide (Ni{sub 3}P). Higher amount of Ce incorporation in NiP matrix increased the crystallisation temperature of the deposit which could be due to the suppression of nickel crystallisation prior to Ni{sub 3}P compound formation and thus increasing the activation energy for the formation of stable phases. Surface compositional analysis

  1. 固相化学法制备纳米Ce0.75Zr0.25O2粉体的表征及应用%Characterization and Application of Nanometer Ce0.75Zr0.25O2 Powder Synthesized by Solid State Chemical Reaction Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑育英; 廖世军; 黄慧民

    2011-01-01

    Nanostructured Ce0.75 Zr0.25O2 powder was successfully synthesized via mechanically activated solid state chemical reaction method for the first time, using Ce2(CO)3, ZrOCl2 · 8H2O and H2C2O4 · 2H2O as raw materials. Their structure and morphology were characterized by X-ray powder diffractometry, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectrometmetry and BET surface area testing technique. The results show that the powder is a single-cubic-phase, spherical shape, the average particle size is smaller than 20nm, and the specific surface area of 85.4m2/g. The possibly chemical reactions during the synthesis process were determined through TG-DTA investigation. The activity of Ce0.75Zr0.25O2 oxide solution in three-way catalysts was valued in this work.%以Ce2(CO)3,ZrOCl2·8H2O和H2C2O4·2H2O为原料,第一次成功地采用了机械力活化固相化学法制备纳米Ce0.75Zr0.25O2粉体.以XRD、TEM分析及XPS等测试手段对Ce0.75Zr0.25O2粉体的结构和形貌进行了表征,结果表明,产物为单一立方相的球形粉体,平均粒径小于20nm,比表面积为85.4m2/g.通过TG-DTA分析,对合成过程中可能发生的化学反应机理进行了分析.对Ce0.75Zr0.25O2氧化物固溶体在三效催化剂中的活性进行了评价.

  2. Adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) by in situ oxidized Fe3O4 membrane grafted on 316L porous stainless steel filter tube and its potential application for drinking water treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Mengfei; Zhu, Li; Wang, Jianlong; Yue, Tianli; Li, Ronghua; Li, Zhonghong

    2017-03-08

    Removing heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions is one of the most challenging separations. In situ oxidized Fe3O4 membranes using 316L porous stainless steel filter tube have shown great potential for removing anion Cr(VI). Here we report the performances of the in situ oxidized Fe3O4 membranes for removing two toxic cations Cd(II) and Pb(II) commonly existing in water and their potential applications for drinking water purification. The membranes exhibited high removal efficiency: 97% at pH 9.0 for Cd(II) of 1.0 mg/L initial concentration and 100% at pH 5.0-6.0 for Pb(II) of 5.0 mg/L initial concentration. The maximum adsorption capabilities were estimated at 0.800 mg/g and 2.251 mg/g respectively for Cd(II) and Pb(II) at 318 K by the Langmuir model. Results of batch tests revealed the existence of electrostatic attraction and chemisorption. XRD and FT-IR analyses indicated that the chemisorption might be the insertion of Cd(II) and Pb(II) into the Fe3O4 crystal faces of 311 and 511 to form mononuclear or binuclear coordination with O atoms of Fe-O6 groups. Competitive adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) in binary solutions revealed a preferential adsorption for Pb(II). Na2EDTA solution was used to regenerate the membranes, and the maximum desorption ratio was 90.29% and 99.75% respectively for Cd(II) and Pb(II). The membranes were able to efficiently lower Cd(II) and Pb(II) concentrations to meet the drinking water standards recommended by the World Health Organization and are promising for engineering applications aimed at drinking water purification.

  3. Annex II technical documentation assessed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Drongelen, A W; Roszek, B; van Tienhoven, E A E; Geertsma, R E; Boumans, R T; Kraus, J J A M

    2005-12-01

    Annex II of the Medical Device Directive (MDD) is used frequently by manufacturers to obtain CE-marking. This procedure relies on a full quality assurance system and does not require an assessment of the individual medical device by a Notified Body. An investigation into the availability and the quality of technical documentation for Annex II devices revealed severe shortcomings, which are reported here.

  4. Effect of CeO2 coupling on the structural, optical and photocatalytic properties of ZnO nanoparticle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherly, E. D.; Vijaya, J. Judith; Kennedy, L. John

    2015-11-01

    This research work presents the microwave assisted combustion synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic applications of ZnO-CeO2 coupled nano metal oxide. ZnO, CeO2 and the coupled oxides ZnCe, Zn2Ce and ZnCe2 with ZnO and CeO2 in the molar ratio 1:1, 2:1 and 1:2 respectively were fabricated by microwave assisted metal nitrate-urea solution combustion synthesis, without using any organic solvent or surfactant. As-prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and photoluminescence spectroscopy(PL). The experiments of photocatalytic activity indicate that Zn2Ce nanoparticles exhibit excellent photocatalytic performance in the degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP). 95% of 2,4-DCP molecules were decomposed by Zn2Ce in 240 min. The better photocatalytic degradation ability of Zn2Ce compared to ZnCe, ZnCe2 or single component ZnO and CeO2 nanoparticles is attributed to the improved separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs.

  5. Technical Information on the Carbonation of the EBR-II Reactor, Summary Report Part 1: Laboratory Experiments and Application to EBR-II Secondary Sodium System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steven R. Sherman

    2005-04-01

    Residual sodium is defined as sodium metal that remains behind in pipes, vessels, and tanks after the bulk sodium metal has been melted and drained from such components. The residual sodium has the same chemical properties as bulk sodium, and differs from bulk sodium only in the thickness of the sodium deposit. Typically, sodium is considered residual when the thickness of the deposit is less than 5-6 cm. This residual sodium must be removed or deactivated when a pipe, vessel, system, or entire reactor is permanently taken out of service, in order to make the component or system safer and/or to comply with decommissioning regulations. As an alternative to the established residual sodium deactivation techniques (steam-and-nitrogen, wet vapor nitrogen, etc.), a technique involving the use of moisture and carbon dioxide has been developed. With this technique, sodium metal is converted into sodium bicarbonate by reacting it with humid carbon dioxide. Hydrogen is emitted as a by-product. This technique was first developed in the laboratory by exposing sodium samples to humidified carbon dioxide under controlled conditions, and then demonstrated on a larger scale by treating residual sodium within the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) secondary cooling system, followed by the primary cooling system, respectively. The EBR-II facility is located at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in southeastern Idaho, U.S.A. This report is Part 1 of a two-part report. It is divided into three sections. The first section describes the chemistry of carbon dioxide-water-sodium reactions. The second section covers the laboratory experiments that were conducted in order to develop the residual sodium deactivation process. The third section discusses the application of the deactivation process to the treatment of residual sodium within the EBR-II secondary sodium cooling system. Part 2 of the report, under separate cover, describes the application of the technique to residual sodium

  6. Technical Information on the Carbonation of the EBR-II Reactor, Summary Report Part 2: Application to EBR-II Primary Sodium System and Related Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steven R. Sherman; Collin J. Knight

    2006-03-01

    Residual sodium is defined as sodium metal that remains behind in pipes, vessels, and tanks after the bulk sodium metal has been melted and drained from such components. The residual sodium has the same chemical properties as bulk sodium, and differs from bulk sodium only in the thickness of the sodium deposit. Typically, sodium is considered residual when the thickness of the deposit is less than 5-6 cm. This residual sodium must be removed or deactivated when a pipe, vessel, system, or entire reactor is permanently taken out of service, in order to make the component or system safer and/or to comply with decontamination and decomissioning regulations. As an alternative to the established residual sodium deactivation techniques (steam-and-nitrogen, wet vapor nitrogen, etc.), a technique involving the use of moisture and carbon dioxide has been developed. With this technique, sodium metal is converted into sodium bicarbonate by reacting it with humid carbon dioxide. Hydrogen is emitted as a by-product. This technique was first developed in the laboratory by exposing sodium samples to humidifed carbon dioxide under controlled conditions, and then demonstrated on a larger scale by treating residual sodium within the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) secondary cooling system, followed by the primary cooling system, respectively. The EBR-II facility is located at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in southeastern Idaho, USA. This report is Part 2 of a two-part report. This second report provides a supplement to the first report and describes the application of the humdidified carbon dioxide technique ("carbonation") to the EBR-II primary tank, primary cover gas systems, and the intermediate heat exchanger. Future treatment plans are also provided.

  7. An Update on NiCE Support for BISON

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCaskey, Alex [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Billings, Jay Jay [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Deyton, Jordan H. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Wojtowicz, Anna [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2015-09-01

    The Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation program (NEAMS) from the Department of Energy s Office of Nuclear Energy has funded the development of a modeling and simulation workflow environment to support the various codes in its nuclear energy scientific computing toolkit. This NEAMS Integrated Computational Environment (NiCE) provides extensible tools and services that enable efficient code execution, input generation, pre-processing visualizations, and post-simulation data analysis and visualization for a large portion of the NEAMS Toolkit. A strong focus for the NiCE development team throughout FY 2015 has been support for the Multiphysics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) and the NEAMS nuclear fuel performance modeling application built on that environment, BISON. There is a strong desire in the program to enable and facilitate the use of BISON throughout nuclear energy research and industry. A primary result of this desire is the need for strong support for BISON in NiCE. This report will detail improvements to NiCE support for BISON. We will present a new and improved interface for interacting with BISON simulations in a variety of ways: (1) improved input model generation, (2) embedded mesh and solution data visualizations, and (3) local and remote BISON simulation launch. We will also show how NiCE has been extended to provide support for BISON code development.

  8. Synthesis of amino functionalized magnetic graphenes composite material and its application to remove Cr(VI), Pb(II), Hg(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) from contaminated water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Xiaoyao; Du, Bin; Wei, Qin; Yang, Jian; Hu, Lihua; Yan, Liangguo; Xu, Weiying

    2014-08-15

    In the present study, a kind of graphenes magnetic material (Fe3O4-GS) was prepared by compositing graphene sheet with ferroferric oxide, and shown to be effective for removing Cr(VI), Pb(II), Hg(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution. The synthesized sorbent was characterized by SEM, TEM, FTIR, XRD, XPS and BET, respectively. The pHZPC value of the sorbent was estimated to be 3.5 by alkaline-titration methods. Fe3O4-GS can be simply recovered from water with magnetic separation at low magnetic field within one minute. The sorption capacities of the metals were 17.29, 27.95, 23.03, 27.83 and 22.07 mg g(-1) for Cr(VI), Pb(II), Hg(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II), respectively. Kinetic data showed good correlation with pseudo-second-order equation and the Freundlich model was found to fit for the isotherm data of all the heavy metal ions. It was found that the metals sorption was accomplished mainly via chelation or ion exchange. The results of thermodynamic studies illustrate that the adsorption process was endothermic and spontaneous in nature.

  9. NH-type of chiral Ni(II) complexes of glycine Schiff base: design, structural evaluation, reactivity and synthetic applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergagnini, Mackenzie; Fukushi, Kazunobu; Han, Jianlin; Shibata, Norio; Roussel, Christian; Ellis, Trevor K; Aceña, José Luis; Soloshonok, Vadim A

    2014-02-28

    The work being reported here deals with the design of a new type of "N-H" Ni(II) complexes of glycine Schiff bases and study general aspects of their reactivity. It was confirmed that the presence of NH function in these Ni(II) complexes does not interfere with the homologation of the glycine residue, rendering these derivatives of high synthetic value for the general synthesis of α-amino acids. In particular, the practical application of these NH-type complexes was demonstrated by asymmetric synthesis of various β-substituted pyroglutamic acids via Michael addition reactions with chiral Michael acceptors.

  10. Advanced 2-micron solid-state laser for wind and CO II lidar applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Jirong; Trieu, Bo C.; Petros, Mulugeta; Bai, Yingxin; Petzar, Paul J.; Koch, Grady J.; Singh, Upendra N.; Kavaya, Michael J.

    2006-12-01

    Significant advancements in the 2-micron laser development have been made recently. Solid-state 2-micron laser is a key subsystem for a coherent Doppler lidar that measures the horizontal and vertical wind velocities with high precision and resolution. The same laser, after a few modifications, can also be used in a Diffrencial Absorption Lidar (DIAL) system for measuring atmospheric CO II concentration profiles. The world record 2-micron laser energy is demonstrated with an oscillator and two amplifiers system. It generates more than one joule per pulse energy with excellent beam quality. Based on the successful demonstration of a fully conductive cooled oscillator by using heat pipe technology, an improved fully conductively cooled 2-micron amplifier was designed, manufactured and integrated. It virtually eliminates the running coolant to increase the overall system efficiency and reliability. In addition to technology development and demonstration, a compact and engineering hardened 2-micron laser is under development. It is capable of producing 250 mJ at 10 Hz by an oscillator and one amplifier. This compact laser is expected to be integrated to a lidar system and take field measurements. The recent achievements push forward the readiness of such a laser system for space lidar applications. This paper will review the developments of the state-of-the-art solid-state 2-micron laser.

  11. RESONANT PHOTOEMISSION OF BULK CeO2 AND NANO-CeO2 FILMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M.I. Abbas; K. Ibrahim; Z.Y. Wu; J. Zhang; F.Q. Liu; H.J. Qian

    2001-01-01

    Photoemission behaviors of nano-CeO2 films with particle sizes ranging from 8nm 1o50nm and bulk CeO2 in Ce 4d-4f absorption region have been investigated. Resonantenhancements of Ce 4f valance band and Ce 5p bands for nano film and bulk materialhave been observed. The variation of electron density of states in valance bands ofnano and bulk structures of CeO2 is discussed in terms of Ce 4d-4f resonance.

  12. Discovering a First-Order Phase Transition in the Li-CeO2 System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kaikai; Zhou, Xiaoye; Nie, Anmin; Sun, Sheng; He, Yan-Bing; Ren, Wei; Li, Baohua; Kang, Feiyu; Kim, Jang-Kyo; Zhang, Tong-Yi

    2017-02-08

    An in-depth understanding of (de)lithiation induced phase transition in electrode materials is crucial to grasp their structure-property relationships and provide guidance to the design of more desirable electrodes. By operando synchrotron XRD (SXRD) measurement and Density Functional Theory (DFT) based calculations, we discover a reversible first-order phase transition for the first time during (de)lithiation of CeO2 nanoparticles. The LixCeO2 compound phase is identified to possess the same fluorite crystal structure with FM3M space group as that of the pristine CeO2 nanoparticles. The SXRD determined lattice constant of the LixCeO2 compound phase is 0.551 nm, larger than that of 0.541 nm of the pristine CeO2 phase. The DFT calculations further reveal that the Li induced redistribution of electrons causes the increase in the Ce-O covalent bonding, the shuffling of Ce and O atoms, and the jump expansion of lattice constant, thereby resulting in the first-order phase transition. Discovering the new phase transition throws light upon the reaction between lithium and CeO2, and provides opportunities to the further investigation of properties and potential applications of LixCeO2.

  13. Homoleptic Ce(III) and Ce(IV) Nitroxide Complexes: Significant Stabilization of the 4+ Oxidation State

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bogart, Justin A.; Lewis, Andrew J.; Medling, Scott A.; Piro, Nicholas A.; Carroll, Patrick J.; Booth, Corwin H.; Schelter, Eric J.

    2014-06-25

    Electrochemical experiments performed on the complex Ce-IV[2-((BuNO)-Bu-t)py](4), where [2-((BuNO)-Bu-t)py](-) = N-tert-butyl-N-2-pyridylnitroxide, indicate a 2.51 V stabilization of the 4+ oxidation state of Ce compared to [(Bu4N)-Bu-n](2)[Ce(NO3)(6)] in acetonitrile and a 2.95 V stabilization compared to the standard potential for the ion under aqueous conditions. Density functional theory calculations suggest that this preference for the higher oxidation state is a result of the tetrakis(nitroxide) ligand framework at the Ce cation, which allows for effective electron donation into, and partial covalent overlap with, vacant 4f orbitals with delta symmetry. The results speak to the behavior of CeO2 and related solid solutions in oxygen uptake and transport applications, in particular an inherent local character of bonding that stabilizes the 4+ oxidation state. The results indicate a cerium(IV) complex that has been stabilized to an unprecedented degree through tuning of its ligand-field environment.

  14. Structural Perceptions and Mechanical Evaluation of β-Ca3(PO4)2/c-CeO2 Composites with Preferential Occupancy of Ce(3+) and Ce(4).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nandha Kumar, Ponnusamy; Mishra, Sandeep Kumar; Kannan, Sanjeevi

    2017-02-24

    The role of cerium in the formation of stable β-Ca3(PO4)2/c-CeO2 composites and their structural analysis with varied compositional ratios were investigated. The composite formation was attempted through an in situ precipitation technique, and the gradual structural changes during heat treatments to yield the pure form of β-Ca3(PO4)2/c-CeO2 composites was presented. The cerium was found in Ce(3+) and Ce(4+) oxidation states in composites. Ce(3+) prefers to occupy the Ca(2+)(1), Ca(2+)(2), and Ca(2+)(3) sites of β-Ca3(PO4)2, whereas, beyond the saturation occupancy limit, excess cerium prefers to crystallize in the form of thermodynamically stable cubic ceria (c-CeO2). A uniform expansion of the β-Ca3(PO4)2 unit cell and the delayed allotropic conversion of β-Ca3(PO4)2 → α-Ca3(PO4)2 have been detected due to the Ce(3+) occupancy at the β-Ca3(PO4)2 lattice. β-Ca3(PO4)2/c-CeO2 composites exhibited a steady upsurge in the mechanical properties with consistent enhancement of c-CeO2 content in the composites. The overall results from the investigation imply the appropriateness of the β-Ca3(PO4)2/c-CeO2 composites for applications in hard tissue replacements.

  15. Ce que permet le document

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Avec l’archive, à laquelle il est souvent associé, le document occupe une place centrale dans les expositions comme dans les publications actuelles sur l’art contemporain. Les présents ouvrages n’ont pas pour objectif d’apporter un éclairage à ce vaste tournant mnémonique qui semble s’emparer des pratiques et des discours sur l’art depuis le début de ce troisième millénaire, même si les contributions de certains de leurs auteurs pointent des éléments conjoncturels (l’après 11 septembre) ou te...

  16. Histatins: salivary peptides with copper(II)- and zinc(II)-binding motifs: perspectives for biomedical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melino, Sonia; Santone, Celeste; Di Nardo, Paolo; Sarkar, Bibudhendra

    2014-02-01

    Natural antimicrobial peptides represent a primordial mechanism of immunity in both vertebrate and nonvertebrate organisms. Among them, histatins belong to a family of human salivary metal-binding peptides displaying potent antibacterial, antifungal and wound-healing activities. These properties, along with the ability of histatins to inhibit collagenases and cysteine proteases, have attracted much attention for their potential use in the treatment of several oral diseases. This review critically assesses the studies carried out to date in order to provide a comprehensive and systematic vision of the information accumulated so far. In particular, the relationship between metal-binding and peptide activity is extensively analysed. The review provides important clues for developing possible therapeutic applications of histatins and their synthetic peptide analogues by creating a set of necessary resource materials to support investigators and industries interested in exploiting their unique properties.

  17. Efficient manganese luminescence induced by Ce3+-Mn2+ energy transfer in rare earth fluoride and phosphate nanocrystals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ding Yun

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Manganese materials with attractive optical properties have been proposed for applications in such areas as photonics, light-emitting diodes, and bioimaging. In this paper, we have demonstrated multicolor Mn2+ luminescence in the visible region by controlling Ce3+-Mn2+ energy transfer in rare earth nanocrystals [NCs]. CeF3 and CePO4 NCs doped with Mn2+ have been prepared and can be well dispersed in aqueous solutions. Under ultraviolet light excitation, both the CeF3:Mn and CePO4:Mn NCs exhibit Mn2+ luminescence, yet their output colors are green and orange, respectively. By optimizing Mn2+ doping concentrations, Mn2+ luminescence quantum efficiency and Ce3+-Mn2+ energy transfer efficiency can respectively reach 14% and 60% in the CeF3:Mn NCs.

  18. Facile sonochemical synthesis and morphology control of CePO{sub 4} nanostructures via an oriented attachment mechanism: Application as luminescent probe for selective sensing of Pb{sup 2+} ion in aqueous solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shiralizadeh Dezfuli, Amin [Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tehran, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ganjali, Mohammad Reza, E-mail: ganjali@khayam.ut.ac.ir [Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tehran, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Biosensor Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular–Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Norouzi, Parviz [Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tehran, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Biosensor Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular–Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2014-09-01

    CePO{sub 4} nanostructures with hexagonal phase were controllably synthesized using Ce(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} reaction with NH{sub 4}H{sub 2}PO{sub 4} through a sonochemical method by simply varying the reaction conditions. By adding ethanol and polyethylene glycol (PEG), coral-reef nanostructures (CRNs) were synthesized and controlling over pH caused to nanorods/nanowires. Oriented attachment (OA) is proposed as dominant mechanism on the growth of nanostructures which is in competition with Ostwald ripening (OR). The crystal structure and morphology of the nanostructures were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), respectively. The luminescent properties of CePO{sub 4} with different morphologies have been studied. Among the nanostructures, nanoparticles with the highest intensity of fluorescent have been used as luminescent probe for selective sensing of Pb{sup 2+} ion in aqueous solution. - Highlights: • Facile sonochemical method has been used for synthesis of CePO{sub 4} nanostructures. • Coral-reef as a new morphology of nanostructures is introduced. • CePO{sub 4} NPs have been used as luminescent probe for selective sensing of Pb{sup 2+} ion.

  19. Ultrasensitive detection of pepsinogen I and pepsinogen II by a time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay and its preliminary clinical applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang Biao [Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214063 (China) and Southern Yangzi University, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214036 (China)]. E-mail: huangbiao78@hotmail.com; Xiao Hualong [Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214063 (China); Zhang Xiangrui [Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214063 (China); Zhu, Lan [Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214063 (China); Liu Haiyan [Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214063 (China); Jin Jian [Southern Yangzi University, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214036 (China)

    2006-06-30

    .8 {+-} 7.4 for the PG I/PG II ratio. The normal ranges of Serum PG I levels for healthy volunteers were 58.2-266.6 {mu}g L{sup -1}, and those of serum PG II levels were less than 25.3 {mu}g L{sup -1}. The availability of a highly sensitive, reliable, and convenient PG-TRFIA method for quantifying PG will allow investigations into the possible diagnostic value of this analysis in various clinical conditions, including gastric carcinoma, duodenal ulcer, gastric ulcer and gastritis. The sensitivity and reproducibility of the assay were satisfactory for clinical applications.

  20. 7 CFR 3403.8 - Proposal format for phase II applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...; regulatory experience; and subsequent commercialization. (ii) Customer and competition. Clear description of... management information. Each Phase II awardee will be asked to submit an updated statement of financial... management or principals. (7) Commercialization Plan. A succinct commercialization plan must be included...

  1. Synthesis of amino functionalized magnetic graphenes composite material and its application to remove Cr(VI), Pb(II), Hg(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) from contaminated water

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guo, Xiaoyao [School of Resources and Environment, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China); Du, Bin, E-mail: dubin61@gmail.com [School of Resources and Environment, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China); Wei, Qin, E-mail: sdjndxwq@163.com [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China); Yang, Jian [School of Resources and Environment, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China); Hu, Lihua [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China); Yan, Liangguo; Xu, Weiying [School of Resources and Environment, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China)

    2014-08-15

    Highlights: • Graphenes magnetic composite nanoparticles (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}-GS) were used to adsorb metal ions. • The adsorption of metal ions onto Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}-GS could be well interpreted by the Freundlich equation. • The adsorption of metal ions onto Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}-GS fit pseudo-second order kinetic model. • Thermodynamic studies illustrated that the adsorption process was endothermic and spontaneous in nature. - Abstract: In the present study, a kind of graphenes magnetic material (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}-GS) was prepared by compositing graphene sheet with ferroferric oxide, and shown to be effictive for removing Cr(VI), Pb(II), Hg(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution. The synthesized sorbent was characterized by SEM, TEM, FTIR, XRD, XPS and BET, respectively. The pH{sub ZPC} value of the sorbent was estimated to be 3.5 by alkaline-titration methods. Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}-GS can be simply recovered from water with magnetic separation at low magnetic field within one minute. The sorption capacities of the metals were 17.29, 27.95, 23.03, 27.83 and 22.07 mg g{sup −1} for Cr(VI), Pb(II), Hg(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II), respectively. Kinetic data showed good correlation with pseudo-second-order equation and the Freundlich model was found to fit for the isotherm data of all the heavy metal ions. It was found that the metals sorption was accomplished mainly via chelation or ion exchange. The results of thermodynamic studies illustrate that the adsorption process was endothermic and spontaneous in nature.

  2. Preparation of Magneto-Optic Ce:YIG Thin Films for Integrated Optical Isolator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents the growth of cerium substituted YIG (Ce1 YIG) thin films on silica substrate.The large Faraday rotation coefficient and strong in-plane anisotropy were observed. The film is desirable for waveguide configuration isolator application.

  3. Analysis of Software Development Methodologies to Build Safety Software Applications for the SATEX-II: A Mexican Experimental Satellite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilar Cisneros, Jorge; Vargas Martinez, Hector; Pedroza Melendez, Alejandro; Alonso Arevalo, Miguel

    2013-09-01

    Mexico is a country where the experience to build software for satellite applications is beginning. This is a delicate situation because in the near future we will need to develop software for the SATEX-II (Mexican Experimental Satellite). SATEX- II is a SOMECyTA's project (the Mexican Society of Aerospace Science and Technology). We have experienced applying software development methodologies, like TSP (Team Software Process) and SCRUM in other areas. Then, we analyzed these methodologies and we concluded: these can be applied to develop software for the SATEX-II, also, we supported these methodologies with SSP-05-0 Standard in particular with ESA PSS-05-11. Our analysis was focusing on main characteristics of each methodology and how these methodologies could be used with the ESA PSS 05-0 Standards. Our outcomes, in general, may be used by teams who need to build small satellites, but, in particular, these are going to be used when we will build the on board software applications for the SATEX-II.

  4. Color tunability in green, red and infra-red upconversion emission in Tm{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+}/Ho{sup 3+} co-doped CeO{sub 2} with potential application for improvement of efficiency in solar cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, Luiz G.A.; Rocha, Leonardo A.; Buarque, Juliana M.M. [Laboratório de Materiais Inorgânicos Fotoluminescentes e Polímeros Biodegradáveis (LAFOP), Grupo de Pesquisa em Química de Materiais – (GPQM), Departamento de Ciências Naturais, Universidade Federal de São João Del Rei, Campus Dom Bosco, Praça Dom Helvécio, 74, 36301-160 São João Del Rei, MG (Brazil); Gonçalves, Rogéria Rocha [Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, USP, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, 14040-901 Ribeirão Preto, SP (Brazil); Nascimento Jr, Clébio S. [Laboratório de Química Teórica e Computacional – (LQTC), Departamento de Ciências Naturais, Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei, Campus Dom Bosco, Praça Dom Helvécio, 74, 36301-160 São João del-Rei, MG (Brazil); and others

    2015-03-15

    The preparation of Tm{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+}/Ho{sup 3+} co-doped CeO{sub 2} prepared by the precipitation method using ammonium hydroxide as a precursor is presented. By X-ray diffraction the materials show the phase-type of fluorite structure and the crystallite sizes were calculated by the Scherrer's equation. No other phase was observed evincing that the rare earth ions were inserted into the fluorite phase as substitutional or interstitial dopants. The microstrain calculated by the Williamson–Hall method do not show significant changes in their values, indicating that the inclusion of rare earths does not causes structural changes in the CeO{sub 2} used as a host matrix. All material showed intense upconversion emission at red and green region under excitation with diode laser at 980 nm. The color of emission changes from green to red with increasing excitation power pump. The materials showed suitable photoluminescent properties for applications as a laser source, solar cells, and great emitter at 800 nm. - Highlights: • Tm{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+}/Ho{sup 3+} co-doped CeO{sub 2} prepared by the simple way. • Intense upconversion emission regions and the tunability of emission color by the laser power pump. • The materials showed suitable photoluminescent properties for different applications.

  5. Performance of high power LEDs based on Ce:YAG ceramics for automotive application%基于YAG陶瓷封装的大功率车用LED的发光性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晔明; 芶立; 时佳男; 高江东

    2016-01-01

    5 W blue light LED chips based on InGaN were packaged using the Ce:YAG ceramics with different Ce doping levels. The luminescent properties of packaged LED beads were evaluated. Electroluminescence (EL) spectra of the ceramic-packaged LEDs show that Ce:YAG ceramic is a more compact and efficient fluorescent material. More activation centers of Ce3+can be contained in ceramic with a low doping concentration at a small volume. With a concentration of x=0.03 (Cex:Y3-xAl5O12) and a thickness of 0.4 mm, YAG ceramic-packaged LED shows a high luminous efficiency of 88.2 lm/W. The optical performance of this kind of LEDs based on YAG ceramic makes them promising in automotive headlamps.%不同掺杂量的Ce:YAG陶瓷与5 W蓝光芯片封装后得到发光二极管(LED)灯珠并表征了其发光性能。这种陶瓷灯珠的电致发光光谱结果表明,Ce:YAG陶瓷是一种更加紧凑高效的荧光材料,在较低的Ce3+掺杂量和较小体积下可容纳更多的激活中心。采用Ce3+掺杂量为x=0.03(Cex:Y3-xAl5O12),厚度为0.4 mm的YAG陶瓷封装的LED灯珠发光效率可以达到88.2 lm/W,此种陶瓷灯珠在LED车大灯应用领域有很大潜力。

  6. Solid Electrolyte Based on Perovskite-type BaCeO3 and SrCeO3%BaCeO3和SrCeO3基钙钛矿型固体电解质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊英; 张中太

    2000-01-01

    综述了BaCeO3基和SrCeO3基钙钛矿型固体电解质.从结构、不同气氛中导电性方面进行了介绍,对其应用方面进行了较为详细的分析.在燃料电池、电解池、薄膜反应器、气体传感器等方面的应用分析表明这2类固体电解质有广泛的应用前景.%Solid electrolyte based on perovskite-type BaCeO3 and SrCeO3 was reviewed .Microstructure and conductivity in different atmosphere were introduced while application was analyzed in detail. Applications in fuel cell, steam electrolysis cell, membrane reactor, gas sensor indicate that these kinds of solid electrolytes may be prospective materials that can be used in many fields.

  7. Electrochemically active biofilm assisted synthesis of Ag@CeO₂ nanocomposites for antimicrobial activity, photocatalysis and photoelectrodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Mohammad Mansoob; Ansari, Sajid Ali; Lee, Jin-Hyung; Ansari, M Omaish; Lee, Jintae; Cho, Moo Hwan

    2014-10-01

    Ag@CeO2 nanocomposites were synthesized by a biogenic and green approach using electrochemically active biofilms (EABs) as a reducing tool. The as-synthesized Ag@CeO2 nanocomposites were characterized and used in antimicrobial, visible light photocatalytic and photoelectrode studies. The Ag@CeO2 nanocomposites showed effective and efficient bactericidal activities and survival test against Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The as-synthesized Ag@CeO2 nanocomposites also exhibited enhanced visible light photocatalytic degradation of 4-nitrophenol and methylene blue than pure CeO2. A photocatalytic investigation showed that the Ag@CeO2 nanocomposites possessed excellent visible light photocatalytic activities compared to pure CeO2. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and photocurrent measurements showed that the as-synthesized Ag@CeO2 nanocomposites exhibited excellent and enhanced responses to visible light irradiation. These results suggest that the AgNPs anchored at CeO2 induced visible light photoactivity by decreasing the recombination of photogenerated electrons and holes, and extending the response of pure CeO2 to visible light. Overall, as-synthesized Ag@CeO2 nanocomposites are smart materials that can be used for a range of applications, such as antimicrobial activity, visible light photocatalysis and photoelectrode.

  8. Soot combustion over Ce1-xFexO2-δ and CeO2/Fe2O3 catalysts: Roles of solid solution and interfacial interactions in the mixed oxides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hongcheng; Li, Kongzhai; Wang, Hua; Zhu, Xing; Wei, Yonggang; Yan, Dongxia; Cheng, Xianming; Zhai, Kang

    2016-12-01

    Two series of CeO2-Fe2O3 catalysts (CeO2-based and Fe2O3-supported oxides) with varying composition were synthesized by a hydrothermal method and characterized using various techniques. The comparison on the activity and thermal stability of different catalysts for low-temperature soot oxidation was also performed. The presence of both Ce-Fe-O solid solution and CeO2-Fe2O3 interaction were observed over the two types of catalysts. The oxygen vacancy in the solid solution is the crucial active site to facilitating the soot combustion over the CeO2-based samples. Small CeO2 nanoparticles are well dispersed on the Fe2O3-supported catalysts, which results in the formation of Fe-O-Ce species due to the strong CeO2-Fe2O3 interaction. The Fe-O-Ce species could achieve the coupling of the Ce4+-Ce3+ and Fe3+-Fe2+ couples in the CeO2-Fe2O3 interface, which is also identified as an active species for catalytic soot oxidation. The concentration of oxygen vacancy is closely related to the content of iron in ceria lattice, while the formation of Fe-O-Ce species strongly relies on the particle size of CeO2. It is also found that the oxygen vacancy is more active than the Fe-O-Ce species for soot oxidation, but it is very easy to decompose at high temperature, resulting in obvious deactivation of catalysts. By contrast, the Fe-O-Ce species is very stable under high-temperature treatments. For the fresh samples, the CeO2-based and Fe2O3-supported catalysts showed comparable catalytic activity. After long term aging at 800 °C, the loss on activity over the CeO2-based catalyst (Ce-Fe-O solid solution) is much higher than that over the Fe2O3-supported sample. The Fe2O3-supported catalysts are more suitable for practical application than the Ce-Fe-O solid solution.

  9. Mechanistic understanding and significance of small peptides interaction with MHC class II molecules for therapeutic applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afridi, Saifullah; Hoessli, Daniel C; Hameed, Muhammad Waqar

    2016-07-01

    Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules are expressed by antigen-presenting cells and stimulate CD4(+) T cells, which initiate humoral immune responses. Over the past decade, interest has developed to therapeutically impact the peptides to be exposed to CD4(+) T cells. Structurally diverse small molecules have been discovered that act on the endogenous peptide exchanger HLA-DM by different mechanisms. Exogenously delivered peptides are highly susceptible to proteolytic cleavage in vivo; however, it is only when successfully incorporated into stable MHC II-peptide complexes that these peptides can induce an immune response. Many of the small molecules so far discovered have highlighted the molecular interactions mediating the formation of MHC II-peptide complexes. As potential drugs, these small molecules open new therapeutic approaches to modulate MHC II antigen presentation pathways and influence the quality and specificity of immune responses. This review briefly introduces how CD4(+) T cells recognize antigen when displayed by MHC class II molecules, as well as MHC class II-peptide-loading pathways, structural basis of peptide binding and stabilization of the peptide-MHC complexes. We discuss the concept of MHC-loading enhancers, how they could modulate immune responses and how these molecules have been identified. Finally, we suggest mechanisms whereby MHC-loading enhancers could act upon MHC class II molecules.

  10. Redox System of Cerium(Ⅳ)-Flavonoids and Applications%Ce(Ⅵ)与6种天然黄酮化合物的氧化还原体系及其应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚双梅; 李晓波; 张荣荣; 赵良容; 杨昌英

    2011-01-01

    Six different natural flavonoids with similar structures, quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, naringenin, baicalein, and apigenin were selected to examine the redox system between flavonoids and Ce ( IV ) using ultraviolet spectrophotometry and microtitration methods. According to their responding difference to Ce( IV) , the mechanism of the reaction and the contribution of phenolic hydroxyls on different sites of the chromone to the antioxidation activity were investigated. The result indicates that the 3-OH of the pyrone ring is a sensitive site to react with Ce( IV) involving the proton dissociation, and the obtained product has a strong absorbance at 294 nm. The 3'-OH and 4'-OH on the B ring of the 2-phenyl-chromone are also the sensitive sites to oxidants since 4'-0H dissociates and forms intramolecular hydrogen bonding. The hydroxyl on ring C is more sensitive to Ce( IV) than that on ring A. The antioxidant capacity order of the six compounds is: Quercetin > Kaempferol > Luteoin > Apigenin > Baicalein > Naringenin, which is consistent with the sensitivity of spectral response of the six compounds to Ce(Ⅳ).%选取结构相近的6种天然黄酮化合物:槲皮素( Quercetin)、山奈酚(Kaempferol)、木犀草素(Luteolin)、柚皮素(Naringenin)、黄芩素(Baicalein)和芹菜素(Apigenin),利用紫外可见分光光度法,结合微量滴定手段,追踪并记录了6种黄酮化合物与Ce(Ⅳ)形成的氧化还原体系的紫外吸收信号,根据化合物对Ce(Ⅳ)响应差异,探讨了不同位置酚羟基对化合物抗氧化活性的贡献及作用机制.结果表明,色原酮C环上3-OH首先与Ce(Ⅳ)作用,发生质子解离而氧化,其氧化产物在294 nm产生较强的吸收峰,3′,4′邻位—OH有利于在氧化剂Ce(Ⅳ)存在时4′羟基解离形成分子内氢键,紫外吸收光谱带Ⅱ的双峰会明显分离.其它位置的酚羟基也会对Ce(Ⅳ)产生响应,且C环上的羟基比A环上的更灵敏.同时,低浓度的黄酮会引起Ce

  11. File list: Pol.Unc.05.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  14. Programming Windows® Embedded CE 60 Developer Reference

    CERN Document Server

    Boling, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    Get the popular, practical reference to developing small footprint applications-now updated for the Windows Embedded CE 6.0 kernel. Written by an authority on embedded application development, this book focuses in on core operating concepts and the Win32 API. It delivers extensive code samples and sample projects-helping you build proficiency creating innovative Windows applications for a new generation of devices. Discover how to: Create complex applications designed for the unique requirements of embedded devicesManage virtual memory, heaps, and the stack to minimize your memory footprintC

  15. A Study of the Kinetics of the Electrochemical Deposition of Ce3+/Ce4+ Oxides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valov, I.; Guergova, Desislava; Stoychev, D.

    The kinetics of cathodic electrodeposition of Ce3+ and/or Ce4+ oxides from alcoholic electrolytes on gold substrates has been studied. It was found that, depending on the oxygen content in the CeCl3-based electrolyte, Ce2O3 (in oxygen atmosphere) or CeO2 (in an inert atmosphere), respectively, were obtained. XPS studies clearly separated the two valence states of Ce ions in the oxide layers. The microstructure of the coatings was analyzed by atomic force microscopy (AFM).

  16. Ce-MXRF: the power of separation with bench top element sensitive detection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, T. C. (Thomasin C.); Joseph, M. R. (Martha R.); Havrilla, G. J. (George J.)

    2002-01-01

    Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is a proven separation technique that offers highly efficient separation, rapid analysis, and minute sample consumption. When combined with a element specific detection scheme, it can be used for chemical speciation of biologically and environmentally relevant species such as metal containing proteins. In this study, a new tool was developed for separation and elemental detection. Specifically, a simple CE apparatus was constructed using a thin-walled fused Si capillary and interfaced with a bench top micro x-ray fluorescence (MXRF) system. X-ray excitation and detection of the separated sample volumes was performed using an EDAX Eagle II micro x-ray fluorescence system equipped with a Rh target excitation source and a SiLi detector. It was demonstrated that the system could be used for the separation and detection of two metals from one another, specifically Cu{sup 2+} and Co{sup 2+}. Free Co{sup 2+} could also be isolated from Co{sup 2+} bound to cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B-12). Other systems that were explored were the separation of two organics, ferritin from cyanocobalamin as well as the separation of the different Cu and Zn isoforms of metallothinein. CE-MXRF was also used to separate the important serum isoforms of transferrin. Direct comparisons were made between CE-MXRF system and other elemental separation techniques such as CE-PIXE, CE-synchrotron-XRF, and CE-ICPMS.

  17. High-Detectivity Type-II Superlattice Detectors for 6-14 um Infrared Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — SVT Associates proposes an novel type II superlattice structure to extend the cutoff wavelength and CBIRD SL photo diode structure with unipolar barriers to suppress...

  18. High Quantum Efficiency Type II SLS FPAs for Space-Based Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This Phase I SBIR proposes to develop high quantum efficiency (QE) and low dark current infrared epitaxy materials based on Type II Strained Layer Superlattice (SLS)...

  19. Large Format LW Type-II SLS FPAs for Space Applications Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This Phase I SBIR proposes to develop high performance (low dark current, high quantum efficiency, and low NEdT) infrared epitaxy materials based on Type II Strained...

  20. Fabrication of Mesoporous Co_3O_4-CeO_2 and their Application in Selective Oxidation of CO%介孔Co_3O_4-CeO_2复合氧化物的制备及在CO选择性氧化中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘华; 许珊; 王晓来

    2011-01-01

    Mesoporous Co3O4-CeO2 mixed oxides was synthesized by a bi-solvent method in which SBA-15 was introduced as the hard template and cerium nitrate and cobalt nitrate were wed as precursors.The active composite and support were characterized by techniques of X-ray powder diffraction,nitrogen adsorption/desorption,temperature programmed reduction and transmission electron microscopy.The experimental results show that the catalyst prepared by the bi-solvent method displayed the uniform mesoporous structure,the smaller particle size,the higher surface area and the high dispersion of active composites compared with the catalysts prepared by impregnation and co-precipitation methods.In addition,the as-prepared mesoporous Co3O4-CeO2 showed a superior performance of CO oxidation over catalysts prepared by traditional preparation protocols of impregnation method and coprecipitation method,which can be ascribed to the high surface area and high dispersion of the catalyst.%以硝酸钴和硝酸铈为前驱物,SBA-15为硬模板,利用双溶剂法制备了Co3O4-CeO2介孔复合氧化物,通过X-射线衍射、N2吸脱附测试、程序升温还原和透射电子显微镜等技术对活性组分及载体进行了表征,并且与浸渍法和共沉淀法所制备的催化剂进行了对比分析.结果表明,相比于浸渍法和共沉淀法,采用双溶剂法制备的介孔Co3O4-CeO2复合氧化物具有均匀的介孔结构、较小的颗粒尺寸、较大的比表面积和较高的活性组分分散度.此外,CO氧化脱除评价显示与常规的共沉淀法和浸渍法所制备的催化剂相比该介孔复合氧化物具有较高的反应活性和选择性,其高活性主要归因于较高的比表面积和活性组分的高分散度.

  1. Preparation of Solid Superacid SO42-/ZrO2-Ce2O3 and Its Application to Catalytic Dehydration of Cyclohexanol to Cyclohexene%含铈固体超强酸SO42-/ZrO2-Ce2O3的制备及对环己醇催化脱水制环己烯的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李远志; 魏富智; 周俊婷

    2000-01-01

    在25℃下,将0.5 mol/L的氨水滴加到不同配比的二氯氧锆和硝酸铈(Ⅲ)的混合溶液中,经过滤、洗涤,制备了不同质量分数的三氧化二铈和二氧化锆的混合物,再经0.5mol/L的稀硫酸浸渍1h、过滤、100℃干燥1h,最后分别在550、650和700 ℃焙烧4h制得了一系列的含铈固体超强酸SO42-/ZrO2-Ce2O3.发现加入质量分数为0.5%~2%的三氧化二铈可使其对环己醇脱水活性显著提高,过高的酸强度不利于环己烯的生成,其中以550 ℃时焙烧制得的固体超强酸SO42-/ZrO2-Ce2O3[w(Ce2O3)=1.5%]的催化活性及环己烯的选择性最好,在140 ℃下,环己醇的转化率为95.3%,环己烯的选择性高达100%.并分别用正己烷和吡啶做探针分子对其进行了差动热分析研究,结果表明加入质量分数为0.5%~2%的三氧化二铈使SO42-/ZrO2-Ce2O3超强酸酸强度和酸总量得到不同程度的提高.

  2. An Improved NSGA-II and its Application for Reconfigurable Pixel Antenna Design

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Based on the elitist non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) for multi-objective optimization problems, an improved scheme with self-adaptive crossover and mutation operators is proposed to obtain good optimization performance in this paper. The performance of the improved NSGA-II is demonstrated with a set of test functions and metrics taken from the standard literature on multi-objective optimization. Combined with the HFSS solver, one pixel antenna with reconfigurable radiation p...

  3. Using phase II data for the analysis of phase III studies: an application in rare diseases

    OpenAIRE

    Wandel, Simon; Neuenschwander, Beat; Friede, Tim; Röver, Christian

    2016-01-01

    Clinical research and drug development in orphan diseases is challenging, since large-scale randomized studies are difficult to conduct. Formally synthesizing the evidence is therefore of great value, yet this is rarely done in the drug approval process. Phase III designs that make better use of phase II data can facilitate drug development in orphan diseases. A Bayesian meta-analytic approach is used to inform the phase III study with phase II data. It is particularly attractive, since uncer...

  4. Pd/CeO2/SiC Chemical Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Weijie; Collins, W. Eugene

    2005-01-01

    The incorporation of nanostructured interfacial layers of CeO2 has been proposed to enhance the performances of Pd/SiC Schottky diodes used to sense hydrogen and hydrocarbons at high temperatures. If successful, this development could prove beneficial in numerous applications in which there are requirements to sense hydrogen and hydrocarbons at high temperatures: examples include monitoring of exhaust gases from engines and detecting fires. Sensitivity and thermal stability are major considerations affecting the development of high-temperature chemical sensors. In the case of a metal/SiC Schottky diode for a number of metals, the SiC becomes more chemically active in the presence of the thin metal film on the SiC surface at high temperature. This increase in chemical reactivity causes changes in chemical composition and structure of the metal/SiC interface. The practical effect of the changes is to alter the electronic and other properties of the device in such a manner as to degrade its performance as a chemical sensor. To delay or prevent these changes, it is necessary to limit operation to a temperature CeO2 films is based partly on the observation that nanostructured materials in general have potentially useful electrical properties, including an ability to enhance the transfer of electrons. In particular, nanostructured CeO2, that is CeO2 with nanosized grains, has shown promise for incorporation into hightemperature electronic devices. Nanostructured CeO2 films can be formed on SiC and have been shown to exhibit high thermal stability on SiC, characterized by the ability to withstand temperatures somewhat greater than 700 C for limited times. The exchanges of oxygen between CeO2 and SiC prevent the formation of carbon and other chemical species that are unfavorable for operation of a SiC-based Schottky diode as a chemical sensor. Consequently, it is anticipated that in a Pd/CeO2/SiC Schottky diode, the nanostructured interfacial CeO2 layer would contribute to

  5. Synthesis and Characterization of Ce-Doped Y3Al5O12 (YAG:Ce Nanopowders Used for Solid-State Lighting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Do Ngoc Chung

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Nano-Ce-doped Y3Al5O12 (YAG:Ce powders were synthesized by using a sol-gel low temperature combustion method, followed by thermal annealing. The annealing temperature for enriching nanoparticles was optimized and found to be 1000°C. The process for enriching uniform nanoparticles of YAG:Ce powder was carried out by using the nanosteam technique (NST. The nanoparticles obtained from this NST treatment had a size in the range of 9–20 nm. Measurements of the photoluminescence spectra of the dispersed YAG:Ce nanoparticles solutions showed a blue shift in the photoemission with a value of ca. 10 nm in the green region. WLEDs made from the blue LED chip coated with the nano-YAG:Ce + MEH-PPV composite epoxy exhibit white light with a broad band luminescent spectrum and a high color rending index (CRI. The photoluminescence spectra of the YAG:Ce nanoparticles showed a potential application of the prepared nanostructured YAG:Ce phosphor not only in energy-efficient solid-state lighting, but also in optoelectronic devices, including organic composite solar cells. In addition, it is suggested that NST can be applied for the enrichment of uniform inorganic nanoparticles.

  6. The Bloch wave operator: generalizations and applications: II. The time-dependent case

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jolicard, Georges [Observatoire de Besancon (UMR-CNRS 6091), Universite de Franche-Comte, 41 bis, Avenue de l' Observatoire, 25000 Besancon (France); Killingbeck, John P [Observatoire de Besancon (UMR-CNRS 6091), Universite de Franche-Comte, 41 bis, Avenue de l' Observatoire, 25000 Besancon (France); Mathematics Department, University of Hull, Hull HU6 7RX (United Kingdom)

    2003-10-10

    Part II of the review shows how the stationary Bloch wave operator of part I can be suitably modified to give a time-dependent wave operator. This operator makes it possible to use a relatively small active space in order to describe the dynamical processes which occur in quantum mechanical systems which have a time-dependent Hamiltonian. A close study is made of the links between the time-dependent and time-independent wave operators at the adiabatic limit; the analysis clarifies the way in which the wave operator formalism allows the time evolution of a system or a wave packet to be described in terms of a fast evolution inside the active space together with weak transitions out of this space which can be treated by perturbation methods. Two alternative wave operator equations of motion are derived and analysed. The first one is a non-linear differential equation in the usual Hilbert space; the second one is a differential equation in an extended Hilbert space with an extra time variable added and becomes equivalent to the usual Bloch equation when the Floquet Hamiltonian is taken in place of the ordinary Hamiltonian. A study is made of the close relationships between the time-dependent wave operator formalism, the Floquet theory and the (t, t') theory. Some original methods of solution of the two forms of wave operator equation are proposed and lead to new techniques of integration for the time-dependent Schroedinger equation (e.g., the generalized Green equation procedure). Mixed procedures involving both the time-independent and time-dependent wave operators are shown to be applicable to the internal eigenstate problem for large complex matrices. A detailed account is given of the description of inelastic and photoreactive processes by means of the time-dependent wave operator formalism, with particular attention to laser-molecule interactions. The emphasis is on projection operator techniques, with special attention being given to the method of selection

  7. Application of Response Surface Methodology (RSM for Optimizing Production Condition for Removal of Pb (II and Cu (II Onto Kenaf Production Condition for Removal of Pb (II and Cu (II Onto Kenaf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z.Z. Chowdhury

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to find out the feasibility of preparing kenaf fiber based carbon for removal of divalent cations of Pb (II and Cu (II from waste water. Activated carbon was prepared by using physiochemical activation method which involves two step of potassium hydroxide impregnation (KOH with carbon dioxide activation of the semi carbonized char. The effects of three preparation variables; temperature (500-700ºC, time (1-3 h and Impregnation Ratio (IR by using KOH (1-3 on the removal percentage of Pb (II and Cu (II ions were investigated by using Design of Experiment (DOE. Quadratic models were developed to correlate activated carbon preparation variables from kenaf fibers with the two responses by applying Central Composite Design (CCD. Experimental data were analysed by using analysis of variance (ANOVA and the most influential factor on each experimental design response was identified. Process optimization was done by validating both the model to obtain maximum removal efficiency with possible maximum yield of activated carbon.

  8. CE microchips: an opened gate to food analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escarpa, Alberto; González, María Cristina; Crevillén, Agustín González; Blasco, Antonio Javier

    2007-03-01

    CE microchips are the first generation of micrototal analysis systems (-TAS) emerging in the miniaturization scene of food analysis. CE microchips for food analysis are fabricated in both glass and polymer materials, such as PDMS and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), and use simple layouts of simple and double T crosses. Nowadays, the detection route preferred is electrochemical in both, amperometry and conductivity modes, using end-channel and contactless configurations, respectively. Food applications using CE microchips are now emerging since food samples present complex matrices, the selectivity being a very important challenge because the total integration of analytical steps into microchip format is very difficult. As a consequence, the first contributions that have recently appeared in the relevant literature are based primarily on fast separations of analytes of high food significance. These protocols are combined with different strategies to achieve selectivity using a suitable nonextensive sample preparation and/or strategically choosing detection routes. Polyphenolic compounds, amino acids, preservatives, and organic and inorganic ions have been studied using CE microchips. Thus, new and exciting future expectations arise in the domain of food analysis. However, several drawbacks could easily be found and assumed within the miniaturization map.

  9. An exploratory study of proficient undergraduate Chemistry II students' application of Lewis's model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Sumudu R.

    This exploratory study was based on the assumption that proficiency in chemistry must not be determined exclusively on students' declarative and procedural knowledge, but it should be also described as the ability to use variety of reasoning strategies that enrich and diversify procedural methods. The study furthermore assumed that the ability to describe the structure of a molecule using Lewis's model and use it to predict its geometry as well as some of its properties is indicative of proficiency in the essential concepts of covalent bonding and molecule structure. The study therefore inquired into the reasoning methods and procedural techniques of proficient undergraduate Chemistry II students when solving problems, which require them to use Lewis's model. The research design included an original survey, designed by the researcher for this study, and two types of interviews, with students and course instructors. The purpose of the survey was two-fold. First and foremost, the survey provided a base for the student interview selection, and second it served as the foundation for the inquiry into the strategies the student use when solving survey problems. Twenty two students were interviewed over the course of the study. The interview with six instructors allowed to identify expected prior knowledge and skills, which the students should have acquired upon completion of the Chemistry I course. The data, including videos, audios, and photographs of the artifacts produced by students during the interviews, were organized and analyzed manually and using QSR NVivo 10. The research found and described the differences between proficient and non-proficient students' reasoning and procedural strategies when using Lewis's model to describe the structure of a molecule. One of the findings clearly showed that the proficient students used a variety of cues to reason, whereas other students used one memorized cue, or an algorithm, which often led to incorrect representations in

  10. Period-Luminosity Relations for Type II Cepheids and their Application

    CERN Document Server

    Matsunaga, Noriyuki; Menzies, John W

    2009-01-01

    JHKs magnitudes corrected to mean intensity are estimated for LMC type II Cepheids in the OGLE-III survey. Period-luminosity (PL) relations are derived in JHKs as well as in a reddening-free VI parameter. Within the uncertainties the BL Her stars (P 20 d (RV Tau stars) show that a high proportion have TiO bands; only one has been found showing C_2. The LMC RV Tau stars, as a group, are not co-linear with the shorter-period type II Cepheids in the infrared PL relations in marked contrast to such stars in globular clusters. Other differences between LMC, globular cluster and Galactic field type II Cepheids are noted in period distribution and infrared colours.

  11. An Improved NSGA-II and its Application for Reconfigurable Pixel Antenna Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. L. Li

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the elitist non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II for multi-objective optimization problems, an improved scheme with self-adaptive crossover and mutation operators is proposed to obtain good optimization performance in this paper. The performance of the improved NSGA-II is demonstrated with a set of test functions and metrics taken from the standard literature on multi-objective optimization. Combined with the HFSS solver, one pixel antenna with reconfigurable radiation patterns, which can steer its beam into six different directions (θDOA = ± 15°, ± 30°, ± 50° with a 5 % overlapping impedance bandwidth (S11 less than 10 dB and a realized gain over 6 dB, is designed by the proposed self-adaptive NSGA-II.

  12. Local structure of the Ce3+ ion the yellow emitting phosphor YAG:Ce

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ghigna, P.; Pin, S.; Ronda, C.; Speghini, A.; Piccinelli, F.; Bettinelli, M.

    2011-01-01

    The local structure of the Ce3+ ion in the yellow emitting YAG:Ce phosphor has been studied by Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structurespectroscopy in the 300−20 K temperature range. It has evidenced that the dopant Ce3+ replaces Y3+ in the garnet structure, giving rise to a significant expan

  13. Influence of the Ce:YAG Amount on Structure and Optical Properties of Ce:YAG-PMMA Composites for White LED

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armetta, Francesco; Sibeko, Motshabi A.; Luyt, Adriaan S.; Chillura Martino, Delia F.; Spinella, Alberto; Saladino, Maria Luisa

    2016-09-01

    Ce:YAG-poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) composites were prepared by using a melt compounding method, adding several amounts of Ce:YAG in the range 0.1-5 wt. %. The optical properties of the obtained composites and of the composites combined with a blue LED were measured to investigate the effect of the amount of Ce:YAG on the resulting emitted light in view of possible application in white LED manufacture. An increase in Ce:YAG amount caused an increase in the emission and a shift of 15 nm, influencing the white LED performance. The structure and morphology of the composites were studied. The results show that the interaction between the two components, observed by using solid state NMR experiments, are the responsible for the observed shift.

  14. The effect of CO-doped on the room-temperature ferromagnetism of CeO{sub 2} nanorods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, H.F, E-mail: xuhaifeng@ahsztc.edu.cn [School of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Suzhou University, Suzhou 234000 (China); Li, H [School of Information Engineering, Suzhou University, Suzhou 234000 (China)

    2015-03-01

    Co-doped CeO{sub 2} nanorods of 10–20 nm in diameter and 200–600 nm or more in length have been synthesized by a simple co-precipitation method. The results of XRD and SADE analysis indicate that the as-synthesized CeO{sub 2} samples have the fluorite structure. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman spectra show that Ce{sup 4+} and Ce{sup 3+} ions coexist at the surface of non-doped CeO{sub 2} nanorods. The magnetic measurements indicated that Co-doped CeO{sub 2} nanorods exhibit stronger ferromagnetism at room temperature, and while increasing the amount of Co ions, the ferromagnetism increase more, which can be associated with the presence of Ce{sup 3+} and Co{sup 2+}. - Highlights: • Co-doped CeO{sub 2} nanorods are synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method. • The synthesized Co-doped CeO{sub 2} nanorods show excellent RTFM. • The controllable morphology and RTFM should make the Co-doped CeO{sub 2} nanorods excellent candidates for applications in related areas.

  15. The role of Ce(III) in BZ oscillating reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nogueira, Paulo A.; Varela, Hamilton; Faria, Roberto B.

    2012-03-01

    Herein we present results on the oscillatory dynamics in the bromate-oxalic acid-acetone-Ce(III)/Ce(IV) system in batch and also in a CSTR. We show that Ce(III) is the necessary reactant to allow the emergence of oscillations. In batch, oscillations occur with Ce(III) and also with Ce(IV), but no induction period is observed with Ce(III). In a CSTR, no oscillations were found using a freshly prepared Ce(IV), but only when the cerium-containing solution was aged, allowing partial conversion of Ce(IV) to Ce(III) by reaction with acetone.

  16. Pressure effect on the long-range order in CeB6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sera, M.; Ikeda, S.; Iwakubo, H.; Uwatoko, Y.; Hane, S.; Kosaka, M.; Kunii, S.

    2006-08-01

    The pressure effect of CeB6 was investigated. The pressure dependence of the Néel temperature, TN and the critical field from the antiferro-magnetic phase III to antiferro-quadrupolar phase II, HcIII-II of CeB6 exhibits the unusual pressure dependence that the suppression rate of HcIII-II is much larger than that of TN. In order to explain this unusual result, we have performed the mean field calculation for the 4-sublattice model assuming that the pressure dependence of TN, the antiferro-octupolar and quadrupolar temperatures, Toct and TQ as follows; dTN/dPdTQ/dP>0 and could explain the unusual pressure dependence of TN and HcIII-II.

  17. An Update on Improvements to NiCE Support for RELAP-7

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCaskey, Alex [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Wojtowicz, Anna [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Deyton, Jordan H. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Patterson, Taylor C. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Billings, Jay Jay [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2015-01-01

    The Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) is a framework that facilitates the development of applications that rely on finite-element analysis to solve a coupled, nonlinear system of partial differential equations. RELAP-7 represents an update to the venerable RELAP-5 simulator that is built upon this framework and attempts to model the balance-of-plant concerns in a full nuclear plant. This report details the continued support and integration of RELAP-7 and the NEAMS Integrated Computational Environment (NiCE). RELAP-7 is fully supported by the NiCE due to on-going work to tightly integrate NiCE with the MOOSE framework, and subsequently the applications built upon it. NiCE development throughout the first quarter of FY15 has focused on improvements, bug fixes, and feature additions to existing MOOSE-based application support. Specifically, this report will focus on improvements to the NiCE MOOSE Model Builder, the MOOSE application job launcher, and the 3D Nuclear Plant Viewer. This report also includes a comprehensive tutorial that guides RELAP-7 users through the basic NiCE workflow: from input generation and 3D Plant modeling, to massively parallel job launch and post-simulation data visualization.

  18. Application of Bayesian hierarchical models for phase I/II clinical trials in oncology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yada, Shinjo; Hamada, Chikuma

    2017-03-01

    Treatment during cancer clinical trials sometimes involves the combination of multiple drugs. In addition, in recent years there has been a trend toward phase I/II trials in which a phase I and a phase II trial are combined into a single trial to accelerate drug development. Methods for the seamless combination of phases I and II parts are currently under investigation. In the phase II part, adaptive randomization on the basis of patient efficacy outcomes allocates more patients to the dose combinations considered to have higher efficacy. Patient toxicity outcomes are used for determining admissibility to each dose combination and are not used for selection of the dose combination itself. In cases where the objective is not to find the optimum dose combination solely for efficacy but regarding both toxicity and efficacy, the need exists to allocate patients to dose combinations with consideration of the balance of existing trade-offs between toxicity and efficacy. We propose a Bayesian hierarchical model and an adaptive randomization with consideration for the relationship with toxicity and efficacy. Using the toxicity and efficacy outcomes of patients, the Bayesian hierarchical model is used to estimate the toxicity probability and efficacy probability in each of the dose combinations. Here, we use Bayesian moving-reference adaptive randomization on the basis of desirability computed from the obtained estimator. Computer simulations suggest that the proposed method will likely recommend a higher percentage of target dose combinations than a previously proposed method.

  19. Improved Standardization of Type II-P Supernovae: Application to an Expanded Sample

    CERN Document Server

    Poznanski, Dovi; Filippenko, Alexei V; Ganeshalingam, Mohan; Li, Weidong; Bloom, Joshua S; Chornock, Ryan; Foley, Ryan J; Nugent, Peter E; Silverman, Jeffrey M; Cenko, S Bradley; Gates, Elinor L; Leonard, Douglas C; Miller, Adam A; Modjaz, Maryam; Serduke, Frank J D; Smith, Nathan; Swift, Brandon J; Wong, Diane S

    2008-01-01

    In the epoch of precise and accurate cosmology, cross-confirmation using a variety of cosmographic methods is paramount to circumvent systematic uncertainties. Owing to progenitor histories and explosion physics differing from those of Type Ia SNe (SNe Ia), Type II-plateau supernovae (SNe II-P) are unlikely to be affected by evolution in the same way. Based on a new analysis of 17 SNe II-P, and on an improved methodology, we find that SNe II-P are good standardizable candles, almost comparable to SNe Ia. We derive a tight Hubble diagram with dispersion of 10% in distance, using the simple correlation between luminosity and photospheric velocity introduced by Hamuy & Pinto 2002. We show that the descendent method of Nugent et al. 2006 can be further simplified and that the correction for dust extinction has low statistical impact. We find that our SN sample favors, on average, a very steep dust law with total to selective extinction R_V<2. Such an extinction law has been recently inferred for many SNe I...

  20. Applications of organo-silica nanocomposites for SPNE of Hg(II)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Anupreet

    2016-02-01

    An analytical method using modified SiO2 nanoparticles as solid-phase extractant has been developed for the preconcentration of trace amounts of Hg(II) in different water samples. Conditions of the analysis such as preconcentration factor, effect of pH, sample volume, shaking time, elution conditions and effects of interfering ions for the recovery of analyte were investigated. The adsorption capacity of nanometer SiO2-APTMS was found to be 181.42 µmol g-1 at optimum pH and the detection limit (3σ) was 0.45 µg L-1. The extractant showed rapid kinetic sorption. The adsorption equilibrium of Hg(II) on nanometer SiO2-APTMS was achieved just in 15 min. Adsorbed Hg(II) was easily eluted with 4 mL of 2.0 M hydrochloric acid. The maximum preconcentration factor was 75. The method was applied for the determination of trace amounts of Hg(II) in various synthetic samples and water samples.

  1. Integrated control system of transverse flow CO II laser and its application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Juan; Tang, Xiahui; Zhang, Yang; Peng, Hao; Wang, Youqing

    2008-03-01

    Aiming to the special high power CO II laser surface treatment, the paper developed the integrated control system based on S7-200 PLC of transverse flow CO II laser. The selection of key technology and components, detection and control of signals, integrated control of complete circuit, technology of human machine interface and process control of system have been researched. Double closed loop power control system was realized, so that the stability of the laser power was in +/-2%. Also, the giving power can be controlled by the laser controller or by the processing machine, thus, the users can control the laser more efficiently when processing. A series of experiments have been performed on 5kW transverse flow CO II laser, the output laser power was stable at discharge current of 9A for 8 hours, and the maximal power was 5.42 kW. The new type of transverse flow CO II Laser with Integrated Control System has been applied for special laser cladding with power-modulating on the metallic surface of the oil industry production.

  2. THE EFFECT OF THE APPLICATION OF 20% CARBAMIDE PEROXIDE ON THE GLASS IONOMER CEMENT TYPE II SURFACE HARDNESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Noerdin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In dental bleaching, carbamide peroxide is usually used at concentration of 10%, 15%, to 20%. The result of our previous study showed that the application of 10% and 15% carbamide peroxide bleaching agent has increased the surface hardness of glass ionomer cement. The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of 20% carbamide peroxide bleaching to glass ionomer surface hardness. Twenty specimens of glass ionomer type II after exposed to 20% carbamide peroxide were divided into two application time groups: 4 and 8 hours per day. Glass ionomer cement surface hardness was measured by Vickers Microhardness Tester series HMV-2 with a weight of 0,025 Hv for 20 seconds. The measurement was conducted at before/no application, after a week, and after 2 weeks of application in both groups. It can be concluded that the application of 20% carbamide peroxide bleaching agent could increase the surface hardness of glass ionomer cement after 1 week and 2 weeks application period.

  3. Exploring the Fragile Antiferromagnetic Superconducting Phase in CeCoIn5

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blackburn, E.; Das, P.; Eskildsen, M.R.;

    2010-01-01

    CeCoIn5 is a heavy fermion type-II superconductor showing clear signs of Pauli-limited superconductivity. A variety of measurements give evidence for a transition at high magnetic fields inside the superconducting state, when the field is applied either parallel to or perpendicular to the c axis...

  4. Conversion of covalent to ionic behavior of Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}-CeO{sub 2}-PbO-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses for ionic and photonic application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, D.P. [Department of Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar 143005 (India); Pal Singh, Gurinder, E-mail: gp1806@yahoo.co.in [Department of Physics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar 143005 (India)

    2013-01-05

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} introduction helps to convert the covalent to ionic behavior of glasses. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer These glasses can be used to make solid state ionic devices. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Band gap decreases due to presence of Ce{sup 3+}, Ce{sup 4+} and BO{sub 4} units. - Abstract: Iron oxide doped cerium lead borate glasses have been prepared and characterized to investigate the structural, physical and optical studies using XRD, FTIR, density and UV-Visible spectroscopy. IR spectroscopic studies have been employed to explore the role of iron oxide in the structure of the studied glasses. Results obtained from FTIR spectra indicate that Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} acts as a network modifier by converting three coordinated boron atoms [BO{sub 3}] to four coordinated boron atoms [BO{sub 4}]. The effect of transition metal content on the optical properties of the present glass system has been studied from the optical absorption spectra. The optical absorption spectra shows the shifting of band edge towards the higher wavelength and corresponding decrease in the band gap is due to the conversion of Ce{sup 3+} ions to Ce{sup 4+} ions. The physical properties such as density and molar volume help to evaluate the compact structure of prepared glass samples due to presence of [BO{sub 4}] groups. This is also confirmed by average boron-boron separation result. The addition of iron oxide increases the ionicity value and corresponding decrease in covalent behavior.

  5. On Chinglish in C-E Interpretation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAO Gui-fang; LIU Jian-zhu; GUI Ren-na

    2005-01-01

    Based on the author's survey into the different interpretations of some terms from Chinese into English, the paper points out Chinglish exists universally in C-E interpretation.The author also puts forward some proposals on how to avoid and reduce Chinglish in the process of C-E interpretation after exploring its features and causes of Chinglish.

  6. GAGG:ce single crystalline films: New perspective scintillators for electron detection in SEM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bok, Jan; Lalinský, Ondřej; Hanuš, Martin; Onderišinová, Zuzana; Kelar, Jakub; Kučera, Miroslav

    2016-04-01

    Single crystal scintillators are frequently used for electron detection in scanning electron microscopy (SEM). We report gadolinium aluminum gallium garnet (GAGG:Ce) single crystalline films as a new perspective scintillators for the SEM. For the first time, the epitaxial garnet films were used in a practical application: the GAGG:Ce scintillator was incorporated into a SEM scintillation electron detector and it showed improved image quality. In order to prove the GAGG:Ce quality accurately, the scintillation properties were examined using electron beam excitation and compared with frequently used scintillators in the SEM. The results demonstrate excellent emission efficiency of the GAGG:Ce single crystalline films together with their very fast scintillation decay useful for demanding SEM applications.

  7. Adsorption Kinetics of Acid Orange 7 on Nano-CeO2-TiO2 in Water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Xiaozhen; Zhao, Bin; Gu, Mingjie; Li, Ruixing

    2015-09-01

    To investigate the application of nano-CeO2-TiO2 as a sorbent in wastewater treatment, CeO2-TiO2 powder was prepared by the solvothermal method and then characterized. The adsorption kinetics of the adsorption of acid orange 7 (AO7) on CeO2-TiO2 were investigated under various conditions, such as initial concentration, temperature, and pH of the AO7 solution. Kinetic analyses were conducted with both Lagergren pseudo-first and pseudo-second order models. The results showed that the CeO2-TiO2 powder was composed of cubic CeO2 and anatase TiO2 with a specific surface area of 140.42 m2 x g(-1). The adsorption capacity of AO7 on CeO2-TiO2 increased with increasing starting concentration of AO7, but decreased with increasing temperature. The most favorable pH range of the A07 solution was 3-8 for the adsorption of AO7 on CeO2-TiO2. The results revealed that the adsorption kinetics of AO7 on CeO2-TiO2 matched the pseudo-second order model very well. The results indicate that CeO2-TiO2 has a potential application in the removal of AO7 from wastewater.

  8. Evaluation of critical distances for energy transfer between Pr3+ and Ce3+ in yttrium aluminium garnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Peng; Wei, Xiantao; Zhou, Shaoshuai; Yin, Min; Chen, Yonghu

    2016-09-01

    A series of Pr3+/Ce3+ doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Y3Al5O12 or simply YAG) phosphors were synthesized to investigate the energy transfer between Pr3+ and Ce3+ for their potential application in a white light-emitting diode and quantum information storage and processing. The excitation and emission spectra of YAG:Pr3+/Ce3+ were measured and analyzed, and it revealed that the reabsorption between Pr3+ and Ce3+ was so weak that it can be ignored, and the energy transfer from Pr3+ (5d) to Ce3+ (5d) and Ce3+ (5d) to Pr3+ (1D2) did occur. By analyzing the excitation and the emission spectra, the energy transfer from Pr3+ (5d) to Ce3+ (5d) and Ce3+ (5d) to Pr3+ (1D2) was examined in detail with an original strategy deduced from fluorescence dynamics and the Dexter energy transfer theory, and the critical distances of energy transfer were derived to be 7.9 Å and 4.0 Å for Pr3+ (5d) to Ce3+ (5d) and Ce3+ (5d) to Pr3+ (1D2), respectively. The energy transfer rates of the two processes of various concentrations were discussed and evaluated. Furthermore, for the purpose of sensing a single Pr3+ state with a Ce3+ ion, the optimal distance of Ce3+ from Pr3+ was evaluated as 5.60 Å, where the probability of success reaches its maximum value of 78.66%, and meanwhile the probabilities were evaluated for a series of Y3+ sites in a YAG lattice. These results will be of valuable reference for achievement of the optimal energy transfer efficiency in Pr3+/Ce3+ doped YAG and other similar systems.

  9. 78 FR 28833 - CE Leathers Company; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing Includes Request...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission CE Leathers Company; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market- Based Rate...-referenced proceeding of CE Leathers Company's application for market-based rate authority, with...

  10. Machining Characteristics of Ce-ZrO2/CePO4 Ceramics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Aibing; Tan Yefa; Yang Xiaoqiang

    2004-01-01

    Two-phase mixtures of Ce-ZrO2 and monazite-type CePO4 were fabricated. Drilling and grinding experiments were carried out to investigate the machining characteristics of Ce-ZrO2/CePO4 ceramics. The machined surfaces of ceramics and wear surfaces of drill bits were observed with scanning electron microscope. Material removals and grinding forces were measured. The transgranular fracture of CePO4 grains, intergranular fracture between ZrO2 and CePO4 grains, and ductile deformation of ceramics were observed on Ce-ZrO2/CePO4 machined surfaces. With the increase of CePO4 proportion to composites, drilling material removal rates increases and specific normal grinding forces decreases.There existed rapid wear of conventional metal cutting tool is caused by abrasive wear. The experimental results indicate that the weak interfaces and properties of Ce-ZrO2/CePO4 ceramics have influences on material removal and machinability.

  11. Citrate mediated synthesis of uniform monazite LnPO4 (Ln = La, Ce) and Ln:LaPO4 (Ln = Eu, Ce, Ce + Tb) spheres and their photoluminescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuñez, Nuria O; Liviano, Sonia R; Ocaña, Manuel

    2010-09-15

    A simple method for the synthesis of spherical LaPO(4) (monazite) particles with narrow size distribution and tailored size in the 150-500 nm range is reported. The procedure is based on a homogeneous precipitation process at low temperature (120 degrees C) from solutions containing La(3+), citrate and phosphate ions under a very restrictive set of experimental conditions, which involves the use of La nitrate, citric acid and phosphoric acid as precursors and ethylene glycol as solvent. The growth mechanism of the spheres was investigated aiming at explaining the differences in particle size and shape observed when varying the experimental conditions. The applicability of this method for the synthesis of spherical particles of other lanthanide (Ce, Tb, Eu) phosphates is also analyzed. Finally, it is shown that the developed procedure can be used to dope the lanthanum phosphate particles with lanthanide cations, which resulted in spherical phosphors as illustrated for the Eu-doped, Ce-doped and Ce, Tb codoped systems, whose luminescent properties are also evaluated.

  12. 美洛昔康-Ce(Ⅳ)-β-环糊精荧光体系的研究及分析应用%Study on the fluorescence system of meloxicam-cerium ( Ⅳ ) -β-cyclodextrin and its application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马红燕; 罗娟娟; 杨猛; 梁金榜

    2011-01-01

    A novel and sensitive spectrofluorimetric method for the determination of meloxicam has been developed. The experiments indicated that meloxicam has little fluorescence signal by itself, but it could reduce cerium ( Ⅳ ) to cerium ( Ⅲ ). Cerium ( Ⅲ ) could emit characteristic fluorescence at λex = 260 nm and λem =362 nm in sulfuric acid medium. When/β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) was added into the system, the fluorescence intensity could be enhanced greatly. Based on this meloxicam-cerium ( Ⅳ )-β-CD fluorescence system, a new fluorescent method was established for the indirect determination of meloxicam. The experimental conditions that influenced the fluorescence intensity, such as: the reaction medium and pH, the concentration of cerium ( Ⅳ ),the influence of surfactants and β-CD, the concentration of β-cyclodextrin and stability, et al were investigated and optimized. Under optimal experimental conditions, the linear range was 8.0 × l0-10 ~3.2 × 10 -7g/mL, the detection limit was 3.5 × 10 -10g/mL, and the relative standard derivation was 2.0% ( n = 5, c = 4.0 × 10 -8g/mL). It has been used for the determination of meloxicam in tablets and human urines.%研究了美洛昔康-Ce(Ⅳ)-β-环糊精(β-CD)体系的荧光特性.实验发现,美洛昔康自身几乎没有荧光,但其能使Ce(Ⅳ)定量还原为Ce(Ⅲ),Ce(Ⅲ)能发射特征荧光,β-CD的加入对体系的荧光强度有增敏增稳作用,基于在λex=260nm和λem=362nm处测定Ce(Ⅲ)的荧光强度,提出了β-CD增敏间接荧光光谱法测定微量美洛昔康的新方法.方法线性范围为8.0×10(-10)~3.2×10(-7)g/mL,检出限为3.5×10(-10)g/mL,相对标准偏差为2.0%(n=5,c=4.0×10(-8)g/mL).方法用于片剂和尿样中美洛昔康的分析测定.

  13. A erosividade das chuvas em Fortaleza (CE: II - correlação com o coeficiente de chuva e atualização do fator R no período de 1962 a 2000 Rainfall erosivity in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil: II - correlation with the rainfall coefficient and updating of factor R for the years 1962 to 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. R. C. Silva

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available A correlação entre o índice de erosividade EI30 e o coeficiente de chuva (Rc no período de 1962 a 1981, em Fortaleza (CE, foi avaliada com o objetivo não só de analisar a viabilidade de utilização do Rc na atualização dos valores da erosividade no período de 1982 a 2000 nesse município, mas também de identificar uma equação que pudesse ser empregada para estimar a erosividade em outras localidades da zona litorânea do estado do Ceará onde não existem diagramas de pluviógrafos. Um alto coeficiente de correlação (r = 0,99** foi encontrado entre os valores mensais do índice EI30 e o Rc. O melhor ajuste na regressão entre essas variáveis foi encontrado na equação EI30 = 73,989Rc0,7387. O emprego dessa equação permitiu atualizar o fator R em Fortaleza no período de 1962 a 2000, estendendo, dessa forma, a computação de dados de erosividade para uma série contínua de 39 anos. O fator R atualizado para essa série foi de 6.900 MJ mm (ha h ano-1 , com 69,5 % desse valor anual distribuído nos meses de janeiro a abril. Este trabalho também forneceu informações úteis para planejar o controle da erosão e para estimar, com precisão razoável, a erosividade em outros locais do litoral cearense, desprovidos de diagramas de pluviógrafos.The correlation between the erosivity index EI30 and the rainfall coefficient (Rc for the period of 1962 to 1981, in Fortaleza (CE, was evaluated to analyze the feasibility of the Rc use to update erosivity values from 1982 to 2000 in this county. An equation that could be used to estimate erosivity in other locations of the coastal region of Ceará State, where there are no rain gauge charts available, was a second aim. A high correlation coefficient (r = 0,99** was found between the monthly EI30 index and the Rc values. The best fit in the regression between these variables was found in the equation EI30 = 73,989Rc0,7387. The use of this equation allowed to update the R factor in

  14. Expert system applications in support of system diagnostics and prognostics at EBR-II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehto, W.K.; Gross, K.C. (Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (USA); Argonne National Lab., IL (USA))

    1989-01-01

    Expert systems have been developed to aid in the monitoring and diagnostics of the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) in Idaho Falls, Idaho. Systems have been developed for failed fuel surveillance and diagnostics and reactor coolant pump monitoring and diagnostics. A third project is being done jointly by ANL-W and EG G Idaho to develop a transient analysis system to enhance overall plant diagnostic and prognostic capability. The failed fuel surveillance and diagnosis system monitors, processes, and interprets information from nine key plant sensors. It displays to the reactor operator diagnostic information needed to make proper decisions regarding technical specification conformance during reactor operation with failed fuel. 8 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Kinetic adsorption of application of carbon nanotubes for Pb(II) removal from aqueous solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabbashi, Nassereldeen A; Atieh, Muataz A; Al-Mamun, Abdullah; Mirghami, Mohamed E S; Alam, M D Z; Yahya, Noorahayu

    2009-01-01

    The capability of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to adsorb lead (Pb) in aqueous solution was investigated. Batch mode adsorption experiment was conducted to determine the effects of pH, agitation speed, CNTs dosage and contact time. The removal of Pb(II) reached maximum value 85% or 83% at pH 5 or 40 mg/L of CNTs, respectively. Higher correlation coefficients from Langmuir isotherm model indicates the strong adsorptions of Pb(II) on the surface of CNTs (adsorption capacity Xm = 102.04 mg/g). The results indicates that the highest percentage removal of Pb (96.03%) can be achieved at pH 5, 40 mg/L of CNTs, contact time 80 min, and agitation speed 50 r/min.

  16. Kinetic adsorption of application of carbon nanotubes for Pb(II) removal from aqueous solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nassereldeen A Kabbashi; Muataz A Atieh; Abdullah Al-Mamun; Mohamed E S Mirghami; MD Z Alam; Noorahayu Yahya

    2009-01-01

    The capability of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to adsorb lead (Pb) in aqueous solution was investigated. Batch mode adsorption experiment was conducted to determine the effects of pH, agitation speed, CNTs dosage and contact time. The removal of Pb(II) was reach to maximum value 85% or 83% at pH 5 or 40 mg/L of CNTs, respectively. Higher correlation coefficients from Langmuir isotherm model indicates the strong adsorptions of Pb(II) on the surface of CNTs (adsorption capacity Xm = 102.04 mg/g). From this study, the results indicates that the highest percentage removal of Pb (96.03%) can be achieved at pH 5, 40 mg/L of CNTs, contact time 80 min, and agitation speed 50 r/min.

  17. Luminescence and color center distributions in K3YB6O12:Ce3+ phosphor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Li; Wan, Yingpeng; Weng, Honggen; Huang, Yanlin; Chen, Cuili; Seo, Hyo Jin

    2016-08-01

    Polycrystalline Ce3+-doped K3YB6O12 (1-14 mol%) phosphors were prepared by facile chemical sol-gel synthesis. The phase formation of the phosphors was confirmed by x-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis. The photoluminescence excitation spectra (PLE), emission spectra (PL) and the luminescence decay curves were tested. Under the near-UV light, the phosphors present the emission from blue color to yellowish green due to the allowed 4f -5d transitions of Ce3+ ions. The absolute quantum efficiency (QE) of K3YB6O12:Ce3+ can reach 53% under the excitation of near-UV light. The luminescence thermal quenching of the phosphor was investigated by the temperature-dependent spectra. The crystallographic site of Ce3+ ions in the lattice was identified and discussed on the basis of luminescence characteristics and structural data. There is only one isolated Ce3+ center occupying the Y(II) sites in the lightly doped samples presenting a typical doublet emission profile. While the Ce3+ multi-centers could be created with the enhancement of the doping levels, which could induce the distinct red-shift of the spectra due to the dipole-dipole interactions. The result in this work could be useful for the further investigation of other rare earth ions in this host.

  18. Novel type-II material system for laser applications in the near-infrared regime

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berger, C., E-mail: christian.berger@physik.uni-marburg.de; Möller, C.; Hens, P.; Fuchs, C.; Stolz, W.; Koch, S. W. [Department of Physics and Material Sciences Center, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Renthof 5, 35032 Marburg (Germany); Ruiz Perez, A. [NAsP_I_I_I_/_V GmbH, Am Knechtacker 19, 35041 Marburg (Germany); Hader, J.; Moloney, J. V. [Nonlinear Control Strategies Inc, 3542 N. Geronimo Ave., Tucson, AZ 85705 (United States)

    2015-04-15

    The design and experimental realization of a type-II “W”-multiple quantum well heterostructure for emission in the λ > 1.2 μm range is presented. The experimental photoluminescence spectra for different excitation intensities are analyzed using microscopic quantum theory. On the basis of the good theory–experiment agreement, the gain properties of the system are computed using the semiconductor Bloch equations. Gain values comparable to those of type-I systems are obtained.

  19. Spectrophotometric investigation of famotidine-Pd(II complex and its analytical application in drug analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DRAGICA MINIC

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available By using different spectrophotometric methods, it was found that famotidine and palladium(II ions form a complex, Pd(II : famotidine = 1:1, which has an absorption maximum at 345 nm. The formation of the complex between famotidine and palladium(II chloride in Britton–Robinson buffer solution in the pH range 2.23–8.50 was studied. The conditional stability constant of the complex at the optimum pH 2.62 and ionic strength 0.5 M was found to be log K’ = 3.742 ± 0.025. The Beer’s law was verified over the famotidine concentration range from 5×10-5 – 6×10-4 M. The proposed method was found to be suitable for accurate and sensitive analysis of famotidine both as the substance (RSD = 1.02–1.80 % and its dosage forms (RSD = 1.75–1.83 %.

  20. SOLVENCY II: THE IMPLICATIONS OF ITS APPLICATION ON THE ROMANIAN INSURANCE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan Marius Ciotina

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Solvency II is a European directive whose purpose is to update the regulations concerning the insurance market. This is more than a set of rules on the solvency of insurance companies and is a comprehensive set of rules on the entire insurance market from solvency, liquidity and information asymmetry between actors to an insurance transaction. The aim of this article is to present the implications of applying Solvency II in Romania and the changes that will occur on the insurance market. We also present the advantages of moving from the current regulation, namely Solvency I to Solvency II Directive, both by comparative analysis between both directly and through analysis of test results QIS5 applied in Romania. We will also show the current situation of the insurance market by emphasizing evolution and the solvency margin of solvency for the last six years from 2007, the year before the financial crisis and in 2012, the year for which there last available data.

  1. Orthogonal Polynomials on the Unit Circle with Fibonacci Verblunsky Coefficients, II. Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Damanik, David; Munger, Paul; Yessen, William N.

    2013-01-01

    We consider CMV matrices with Verblunsky coefficients determined in an appropriate way by the Fibonacci sequence and present two applications of the spectral theory of such matrices to problems in mathematical physics. In our first application we estimate the spreading rates of quantum walks on the line with time-independent coins following the Fibonacci sequence. The estimates we obtain are explicit in terms of the parameters of the system. In our second application, we establish a connectio...

  2. Hexagonal CeO2 nanostructures: an efficient electrode material for supercapacitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maheswari, Nallappan; Muralidharan, Gopalan

    2016-09-28

    Cerium oxide (CeO2) has emerged as a new and promising pseudocapacitive material due to its prominent valance states and extensive applications in various fields. In the present study, hexagonal CeO2 nanostructures have been prepared via the hydrothermal method employing cationic surfactant cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB). CTAB ensures a slow rate of hydrolysis to form small sized CeO2 nanostructures. The role of calcination temperature on the morphological, structural, electrochemical properties and cyclic stability has been assessed for supercapacitor applications. The mesoscopic hexagonal architecture endows the CeO2 with not only a higher specific capacity, but also with an excellent rate capability and cyclability. When the charge/discharge current density is increased from 2 to 10 A g(-1) the reversible charge capacity decreased from 927 F g(-1) to 475 F g(-1) while 100% capacity retention at a high current density of 20 A g(-1) even after 1500 cycles could be achieved. Furthermore, the asymmetric supercapacitor based on CeO2 exhibited a significantly higher energy density of 45.6 W h kg(-1) at a power density of 187.5 W kg(-1) with good cyclic stability. The electrochemical richness of the CeO2 nanostructure makes it a suitable electrode material for supercapacitor applications.

  3. Azadipyrromethene cyclometalation in neutral Ru(II) complexes: photosensitizers with extended near-infrared absorption for solar energy conversion applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bessette, André; Cibian, Mihaela; Ferreira, Janaina G; DiMarco, Brian N; Bélanger, Francis; Désilets, Denis; Meyer, Gerald J; Hanan, Garry S

    2016-06-28

    In the on-going quest to harvest near-infrared (NIR) photons for energy conversion applications, a novel family of neutral ruthenium(ii) sensitizers has been developed by cyclometalation of an azadipyrromethene chromophore. These rare examples of neutral ruthenium complexes based on polypyridine ligands exhibit an impressive panchromaticity achieved by the cyclometalation strategy, with strong light absorption in the 600-800 nm range that tails beyond 1100 nm in the terpyridine-based adducts. Evaluation of the potential for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC) and Organic Photovoltaic (OPV) applications is made through rationalization of the structure-property relationship by spectroscopic, electrochemical, X-ray structural and computational modelization investigations. Spectroscopic evidence for photo-induced charge injection into the conduction band of TiO2 is also provided.

  4. Studies on Ca2+-Doped CeBr3 Scintillating Materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guss, P. [NSTec; Foster, M. E. [SNL; Wong, B. M. [SNL; Doty, F. P. [SNL; Shah, K. [RMD; Squillante, M. [RMD; Glodo, J. [RMD; Yuan, D. [NSTec

    2013-07-03

    Despite the outstanding scintillation performance characteristics of cerium tribromide (CeBr3) and cerium-activated lanthanum tribromide (LaBr3:Ce), their commercial availability and application is limited due to the difficulties of growing large, crack-free single crystals from these fragile materials. The objective of this investigation was to employ aliovalent doping to increase crystal strength while maintaining the optical properties of the crystal. One divalent dopant (Ca2+) was investigated as a dopant to strengthen CeBr3 without negatively impacting scintillation performance. Ingots containing nominal concentrations of 1.9% of the Ca2+ dopant were grown. Preliminary scintillation measurements are presented for this aliovalently doped scintillator. Ca2+-doped CeBr3 exhibited little or no change in the peak fluorescence emission for 371 nm optical excitation for CeBr3. The structural, electronic, and optical properties of CeBr3 crystals were investigated using the density functional theory within generalized gradient approximation. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with the experimental data. The energy band structures and density of states were obtained. The optical properties of CeBr3, including the dielectric function, were calculated.

  5. Studies on Ca2+-Doped CeBr3 Scintillating Materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guss, P. [NSTec; Foster, M. E. [SNL; Wong, B. M. [SNL; Doty, F. P. [SNL; Shah, K. [RMD; Squillante, M. R. [RMD; Shirwadkar, U. [RMD; Hawrami, R. [RMD; Tower, J. [RMD; Yuan, D. [NSTec

    2013-09-01

    Despite the outstanding scintillation performance characteristics of cerium tribromide (CeBr3) and cerium-activated lanthanum tribromide (LaBr3:Ce), their commercial availability and application is limited due to the difficulties of growing large, crack-free single crystals from these fragile materials. The objective of this investigation was to employ aliovalent doping to increase crystal strength while maintaining the optical properties of the crystal. One divalent dopant (Ca2+) was investigated as a dopant to strengthen CeBr3 without negatively impacting scintillation performance. Ingots containing nominal concentrations of 1.9% of the Ca2+ dopant were grown. Preliminary scintillation measurements are presented for this aliovalently doped scintillator. Ca2+-doped CeBr3 exhibited little or no change in the peak fluorescence emission for 371 nm optical excitation for CeBr3. The structural, electronic, and optical properties of CeBr3 crystals were investigated using the density functional theory within generalized gradient approximation. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with the experimental data. The energy band structures and density of states were obtained. The optical properties of CeBr3, including the dielectric function, were calculated.

  6. On the luminescence properties of CaSO{sub 4}:Ce

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lapraz, D.; Prevost, H.; Iacconi, P.; Guigues, C.; Benabdesselam, M.; Briand, D

    2002-07-01

    The luminescent properties of cerium doped calcium sulphate are studied: fluorescence and excitation spectra, optical absorption and thermoluminescence (TSL). It is know that, in rare earth doped CaSO{sub 4}, only cerium induces a strong 400 deg. C TSL peak readout, as mentioned by Nair et al. In CaSO{sub 4}:0.2% Ce samples synthesised under oxidising conditions, the recovery step of Ce{sup 3+} fluorescence is correlated with the 400 deg. C TSL peak readout. Our results indicate that an oxidation of Ce{sup 3+} ion does occur under X-irradiation (Ce{sup 3+} R Ce{sup 4+}), followed by a complete return to the trivalent state after thermal annealing at about 500 deg. C; our results confirm the hypothesis of Nair et al that Ce{sup 3+} ions are oxidised by ionising irradiation. So, a pure redox reaction seems the most probable for the 400 deg. C TSL peak of CaSO{sub 4}:Ce. Moreover, the use of the 400 deg. C TSL peak for high temperature dosimetry applications is discussed. (author)

  7. Preliminary Application of Direct Contrast-enhanced MR Venograohy in Deep Vein Thrombosis of Lower Limb%直接法CE-MRV在下肢深静脉血栓中的应用初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晶; 高峰; 陈建强

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate diagnostic value of direct contrast-enhanced MR venngraphy (CE-MRV) in deep venous thrombosis of lower limb. Materials and Methods 27 patients highly suspected deep vein thrombosis by clinical were underwent direct CE-MRV. The original data was processed with technology of subtraction,and put into workstation and reconstructed with maimum intensity projection(MIP) ,multiplanar reformation(MPR) ,surface shade display(SSD).Results Direct CE-MRV showed that the reconstruction image and vascular contrast were very clear, background signal was suppressed satisfactorily in all deep veins of 27 patients. Direct CE-MRV in 6 normal patients displayed complete and regular vein,and the original axial images of these patients showd vessel wall smooth. 21 cases displayed different parts and different degrees of thrombosis. Their original axial images showed eccentric filling defect of vascular. On reconstruction image, they displayed tenosis, sesmental interruption or thinning in vascular, superficial veins compensatory expansion,deep veins transport branch increased significantly, and collateral circulation opening. A long segment center filling defect was caused by side effects in direct angiography, it displayed no base attached to the vessel wall on continuous axial images or MPR image. Conclusion Direct CE-MRV can be accurately show deep vein thrombosis, avoiding artery artifact and interference from surrounding tissue, its Image is clear and reliable, and display the scope and extent of lesions of the vascular and Whether the Collateral circulation established. Direct CE-MRV has a significant clinical value in diagnosing the thrombotic disease of the lower limb vein.%目的 探讨直接法对比增强磁共振静脉血管成像(CE-MRV)在诊断下肢深静脉血栓中的应用价值.资料与方法 对临床高度怀疑下肢静脉血栓疾病的 27 例患者进行直接法减影 CE-MRV,将采集的原始数据减影后导入后处理工作站行最

  8. CeO2-modified Au@SBA-15 nanocatalysts for liquid-phase selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tuo; Yuan, Xiang; Li, Shuirong; Zeng, Liang; Gong, Jinlong

    2015-04-01

    Tuning the interfacial perimeter and structure is crucial to understanding the origin of catalytic performance. This paper describes the design, characterization, and application of CeO2 modified Au@SBA-15 (Au-CeO2@SBA-15) catalysts in selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol. The reaction results showed that Au-CeO2@SBA-15 catalysts exhibited higher catalytic activity compared with Au@SBA-15 and Au/CeO2 catalysts under identical conditions along with the high selectivity towards benzaldehyde (>99%). The turnover frequency of benzyl alcohol over the Au-100CeO2@SBA-15 catalyst is about nine-fold and four-fold higher than those of Au@SBA-15 and Au/CeO2 catalysts, respectively. The supported catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption-desorption, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy, scanning transmission electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectrometry, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It was found that the Au and small CeO2 nanoparticles (~5 nm) were homogeneously mixed in the channels of SBA-15, which led to an increase in the interfacial area between Au and CeO2 and consequently a better catalytic performance of Au-CeO2@SBA-15 catalysts for the selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde compared with that of Au/CeO2. The prevention of agglomeration and leaching of Au nanoparticles by restricting them inside the mesopores of SBA-15 was conducive to the stable existence of large quantities of Au-CeO2 interface, which leads to high stability of the Au-CeO2@SBA-15 catalyst.Tuning the interfacial perimeter and structure is crucial to understanding the origin of catalytic performance. This paper describes the design, characterization, and application of CeO2 modified Au@SBA-15 (Au-CeO2@SBA-15) catalysts in selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol. The reaction results showed that Au-CeO2@SBA-15 catalysts

  9. Cost objective PLM and CE

    CERN Document Server

    Perry, Nicolas

    2010-01-01

    Concurrent engineering taking into account product life-cycle factors seems to be one of the industrial challenges of the next years. Cost estimation and management are two main strategic tasks that imply the possibility of managing costs at the earliest stages of product development. This is why it is indispensable to let people from economics and from industrial engineering collaborates in order to find the best solution for enterprise progress for economical factors mastering. The objective of this paper is to present who we try to adapt costing methods in a PLM and CE point of view to the new industrial context and configuration in order to give pertinent decision aid for product and process choices. A very important factor is related to cost management problems when developing new products. A case study is introduced that presents how product development actors have referenced elements to product life-cycle costs and impacts, how they have an idea bout economical indicators when taking decisions during t...

  10. One step synthesis of polyacrylamide functionalized graphene and its application in Pb(II) removal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Zhiwei; Zhang, Yaoyao; Qian, Xiaoming; Shi, Jie; Chen, Lei; Li, Baodong; Niu, Jiarong; Liu, Liangsen, E-mail: 83019163@163.com

    2014-10-15

    Highlights: • PAM-g-graphene is synthesized by the co-irradiation between GO and AM monomers. • PAM graft on GO has led to the exfoliation of GO into individual sheets. • The γ-ray induced reduction of GO. • PAM-g-graphene exhibits high adsorption capacities toward Pb(II) ions. • PAM-g-graphene provides a new idea for heavy metal pollutants’ removal in water. - Abstract: Polyacrylamide grafted graphene (PAM-g-graphene) from graphite oxide (GO) was successfully prepared by γ-ray irradiation with acrylamide monomers in aqueous at room temperature in this paper. Our strategy involves the PAM chains graft on the surface and between the layers of GO by in situ radical polymerization which led to the exfoliation of GO into individual sheets. Results show that the degree of grafting of PAM-g-graphene samples is 24.2%, and the thickness is measured to be 2.59 nm. Moreover, the as-prepared PAM-g-graphene with some amino from PAM and little oxygen functional groups exhibit superior adsorption of Pb(II) ions. The adsorption processes reach equilibrium in just 30 min and the adsorption isotherms are described well by Langmuir and Freundlich classical isotherms models. The determined adsorption capacity of PAM-g-graphene is 819.67 mg g{sup −1} (pH 6) for Pb(II), which is 20 times and 8 times capacities of that for graphene nanosheets and carbon nanotubes according to reports, respectively. This chemically modified graphene synthesized by this fast one-step approach, featuring a good versatility and adaptability, excellent adsorption capacity and rapid extraction, may provide a new idea for the global problem of heavy metal pollutants’ removal in water.

  11. Novel type-II material system for laser applications in the near-infrared regime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Berger

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The design and experimental realization of a type-II “W”-multiple quantum well heterostructure for emission in the λ > 1.2 μm range is presented. The experimental photoluminescence spectra for different excitation intensities are analyzed using microscopic quantum theory. On the basis of the good theory–experiment agreement, the gain properties of the system are computed using the semiconductor Bloch equations. Gain values comparable to those of type-I systems are obtained.

  12. Photophysical Properties of Organoplatinum(II) Compounds and Derived Self-Assembled Metallacycles and Metallacages: Fluorescence and its Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Manik Lal; Yan, Xuzhou; Stang, Peter J

    2016-11-15

    Over the past couple of decades, coordination-driven self-assembly has evolved as a broad multidisciplinary domain that not only covers the syntheses of aesthetically pleasing supramolecular architectures but also emerges as a method to form new optical materials, chemical sensors, theranostic agents, and compounds with light-harvesting and emissive properties. The majority of these applications depend upon investigations that reveal the photophysical nature and electronic structure of supramolecular coordination complexes (SCCs), including two-dimensional (2D) metallacycles and three-dimensional (3D) metallacages. As such, well-defined absorption and emission spectra are important for a given SCC to be used for sensing, bioimaging, and other applications with molecular fluorescence being an important component. In this Account, we summarize the photophysical properties of some bis(phosphine)organoplatinum(II) compounds and their discrete SCCs. The platinum(II) based organometallic precursors typically display spectral red-shifts and have low fluorescence quantum yields and short fluorescence lifetimes compared to their organic counterparts because the introduction of metal centers enhances both intersystem crossing (ISC) and intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) processes, which can compete with the fluorescence emissions. Likewise ligands with conjugation can also increase the ICT process; hence the corresponding organoplatinum(II) compounds undergo a further decrease in fluorescence lifetimes. The use of endohedral amine functionalized 120°-bispyridyl ligands can dramatically enhance the emission properties of the resultant organoplatinum(II) based SCCs. As such these SCCs display emissions in the visible region (ca. 400-500 nm) and are significantly red-shifted (ca. 80-100 nm) compared to the ligands. This key feature makes them suitable as supramolecular theranostic agents wherein these unique emission properties provide diagnostic spectroscopic handles and

  13. CeO2-modified Au@SBA-15 nanocatalysts for liquid-phase selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tuo; Yuan, Xiang; Li, Shuirong; Zeng, Liang; Gong, Jinlong

    2015-05-07

    Tuning the interfacial perimeter and structure is crucial to understanding the origin of catalytic performance. This paper describes the design, characterization, and application of CeO2 modified Au@SBA-15 (Au-CeO2@SBA-15) catalysts in selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol. The reaction results showed that Au-CeO2@SBA-15 catalysts exhibited higher catalytic activity compared with Au@SBA-15 and Au/CeO2 catalysts under identical conditions along with the high selectivity towards benzaldehyde (>99%). The turnover frequency of benzyl alcohol over the Au-100CeO2@SBA-15 catalyst is about nine-fold and four-fold higher than those of Au@SBA-15 and Au/CeO2 catalysts, respectively. The supported catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption-desorption, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy, scanning transmission electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectrometry, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It was found that the Au and small CeO2 nanoparticles (∼5 nm) were homogeneously mixed in the channels of SBA-15, which led to an increase in the interfacial area between Au and CeO2 and consequently a better catalytic performance of Au-CeO2@SBA-15 catalysts for the selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde compared with that of Au/CeO2. The prevention of agglomeration and leaching of Au nanoparticles by restricting them inside the mesopores of SBA-15 was conducive to the stable existence of large quantities of Au-CeO2 interface, which leads to high stability of the Au-CeO2@SBA-15 catalyst.

  14. Characterization of Cu(II) and Cd(II) resistance mechanisms in Sphingobium sp. PHE-SPH and Ochrobactrum sp. PHE-OCH and their potential application in the bioremediation of heavy metal-phenanthrene co-contaminated sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chen; Lei, Wenrui; Lu, Min; Zhang, Jianan; Zhang, Zhou; Luo, Chunling; Chen, Yahua; Hong, Qing; Shen, Zhenguo

    2016-04-01

    Soil that is co-contaminated with heavy metals (HMs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is difficult to bioremediate due to the ability of toxic metals to inhibit PAH degradation by bacteria. We demonstrated the resistance mechanisms to Cu(II) and Cd(II) of two newly isolated strains of Sphingobium sp. PHE-SPH and Ochrobactrum sp. PHE-OCH and further tested their potential application in the bioremediation of HM-phenanthrene (PhA) co-contaminated sites. The PHE-SPH and PHE-OCH strains tolerated 4.63 and 4.34 mM Cu(II) and also showed tolerance to 0.48 and 1.52 mM Cd(II), respectively. Diverse resistance patterns were detected between the two strains. In PHE-OCH cells, the maximum accumulation of Cu(II) occurred in the cell wall, while the maximum accumulation was in the cytoplasm of PHE-SPH cells. This resulted in a sudden suppression of growth in PHE-OCH and a gradual inhibition in PHE-SPH as the concentration of Cu(II) increased. Organic acid production was markedly higher in PHE-OCH than in PHE-SPH, which may also have a role in the resistance mechanisms, and contributes to the higher Cd(II) tolerance of PHE-OCH. The factors involved in the absorption of Cu(II) or Cd(II) in PHE-SPH and PHE-OCH were identified as proteins and carbohydrates by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Furthermore, both strains showed the ability to efficiently degrade PhA and maintained this high degradation efficiency under HM stress. The high tolerance to HMs and the PhA degradation capacity make Sphingobium sp. PHE-SPH and Ochrobactrum sp. PHE-OCH excellent candidate organisms for the bioremediation of HM-PhA co-contaminated sites.

  15. Statistical design in phase II clinical trials and its application in breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrone, Francesco; Di Maio, Massimo; De Maio, Ermelinda; Maione, Paolo; Ottaiano, Alessandro; Pensabene, Matilde; Di Lorenzo, Giuseppe; Lombardi, Alessandra Vernaglia; Signoriello, Giuseppe; Gallo, Ciro

    2003-05-01

    Several statistical designs for phase II studies have been proposed, but they are frequently misunderstood or not applied at all. In this review we describe the major characteristics of the available designs. To investigate the extent to which statistical designs were used in some recent phase II studies, and which designs were the most common, we did a survey of 145 trials involving treatment of breast cancer. Studies selected for the survey were published between 1995 and 1999 in one of seven specific oncology journals (all with impact factor consistently higher than 2). 94 of the studies (64.8%) did not have an identifiable statistical design. However, among the 51 studies with statistical design there was a notable heterogeneity in the type of design applied. We put together a list of factors associated with use of statistical design at univariate analysis. These factors included: referral to a previous phase I study, recent trial start date, private sponsorship, single-agent treatment, and multicentre organisation. Single-agent treatment (OR 2.35; 95% CI 1.01-5.51) and multicentre organisation (OR 3.24; 95% CI 1.47-7.15) were independently predictive of the presence of statistical design. Publication in journals with high impact factors and short intervals between the start of the study and publication were also correlated with statistical design.

  16. Study on beta-cyclodextrin inclusion of Zn(II) aromatic complex and its analytical application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Lixiu; He, Jiang; Fu, Junkai; Zhang, Jinlong

    2010-02-01

    A new beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) inclusion compound Zn(2H1NA)(2)x 2beta-CD (2H1NA=2-hydroxy-1-naphthoic acid) was prepared. The structure was characterized by (1)H NMR, IR, the fluorescence spectra, thermogravimetric analysis (TG-DTA) and elementary analysis. Meanwhile, the mechanism of the formation of the supramolecular system (2H1NA:Zn(II):beta-CD) was studied and discussed by spectrofluorimetry. The results showed that the naphthalene rings of the Zn(II) aromatic complex Zn(2H1NA)(2) were encapsulated within the beta-CD's cavity to form a 2:1 stoichiometry host-guest compound. The inclusion constant calculated was 1.27 x 10(4)(L/mol)(2). A spectrofluorimetric method for the determination of 2H1NA in bulk aqueous solution in the presence of beta-CD was developed based on the great enhancement of the fluorescence intensity of 2H1NA. The linear relationship was obtained in the range of 9.00 x 10(-7) to 2.50 x 10(-5)mol/L and the detection limit was 8.00 x 10(-7)mol/L. The proposed method was successfully applied to determine 2H1NA in waste water with recoveries of 97-104%.

  17. Cerium addition on pitting corrosion of (Cu50Zr50)100-2xCe2x (x=0, 1, 2 and 3) metallic glasses in seawater

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春芝; 王金环; 仇楠楠; 谢鲲; 李辉平

    2015-01-01

    The industrial application of metallic glass is a longstanding challenge for researchers in the field. Toward this objective, the electrochemical performance in sea water of Cu-Zr-(Ce) metallic glass with various Ce content was investigated. Cu-Zr-(Ce) me-tallic glass was fabricated by melt-spinning technique and characterized by X-ray diffraction. The corrosion resistance in seawater was then investigated by potentiodynamic polarization, immersion test, scanning electron microscopy, electron probe microanalysis, and energy dispersive spectrometer analysis. The results showed that Ce addition lowered the corrosion current density of Ce-containing Cu-Zr alloy system. The attack type changed from uniform corrosion of Cu50Zr50 metallic glasses to local one of the Ce-containing alloys. Appropriate content of Ce inhibited the selective dissolution of Cu in the pits and thus improved the corrosion resistance of the alloys.

  18. One Step Combustion Synthesis Of YAG:Ce Phosphor For Solid State Lighting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Pooja; Gupta, K. Vijay Kumar; Muley, Aarti; Joshi, C. P.; Moharil, S. V.

    2011-10-01

    YAG:Ce is an important phosphor having applications in various fields ranging from solid state lighting to scintillation detectors. YAG phosphors doped with activators are mainly synthesized by solid state reaction techniques that require high sintering temperatures (above 1500°C) to eliminate YAM and YAP phases. Though several soft chemical routes have been explored for synthesis of YAG, most of these methods are complex and phase pure materials are not obtained in one step, but prolonged annealing at temperatures around 1000 C or above becomes necessary. One step combustion synthesis of YAG:Ce3+ and related phosphors carried out at 500 C furnace temperature is reported here. Activation with Ce3+ could be achieved during the synthesis without taking recourse to any post-combustion thermal treatment. LEDs prepared from the combustion synthesized YAG:Ce3+, exhibited properties comparable to those produced from the commercial phosphor.

  19. Growing trend of CE at the omics level: the frontier of systems biology--an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ban, Eunmi; Park, Soo Hyun; Kang, Min-Jung; Lee, Hyun-Jung; Song, Eun Joo; Yoo, Young Sook

    2012-01-01

    Omics is the study of proteins, peptides, genes, and metabolites in living organisms. Systems biology aims to understand the system through the study of the relationship between elements such as genes and proteins in biological system. Recently, systems biology emerged as the result of the advanced development of high-throughput analysis technologies such as DNA sequencers, DNA arrays, and mass spectrometry for omics studies. Among a number of analytical tools and technologies, CE and CE coupled to MS are promising and relatively rapidly developing tools with the potential to provide qualitative and quantitative analyses of biological molecules. With an emphasis on CE for systems biology, this review summarizes the method developments and applications of CE for the genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic studies focusing on the drug discovery and disease diagnosis and therapies since 2009.

  20. Fruit juice extract mediated synthesis of CeO2 nanoparticles for antibacterial and photocatalytic activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy Yadav, L. S.; Manjunath, K.; Archana, B.; Madhu, C.; Raja Naika, H.; Nagabhushana, H.; Kavitha, C.; Nagaraju, G.

    2016-05-01

    Ceria ( CeO2 is a technologically important rare-earth material because of its unique properties and various engineering/biological applications. In the present work, cerium oxide nanoparticles have been prepared by a simple solution combustion method using watermelon juice as a novel combustible fuel. The structure and morphology of the synthesized CeO2 nanoparticles were analyzed using various analytical tools such as PXRD, FTIR, Raman, UV-Visible and SEM. PXRD pattern confirms that the prepared material is composed of cubic-phase cerium oxide nanoparticles. Photocatalytic degradation of Methylene blue dye using CeO2 nanoparticles shows 98% of degradation in UV irradiations. Furthermore the antibacterial properties of CeO2 nanoparticles were investigated by their bacterial activity against two bacterial strains using the agar well diffusion method.

  1. PLD prepared nanostructured Pt-CeO2 thin films containing ionic platinum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vorokhta, M.; Khalakhan, I.; Matolínová, I.; Nováková, J.; Haviar, S.; Lančok, J.; Novotný, M.; Yoshikawa, H.; Matolín, V.

    2017-02-01

    The composition of nanostructured Pt-CeO2 films on graphite substrates prepared by pulsed laser deposition has been investigated by means of hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy. The influence of morphology of the graphite substrates was investigated with respect to the relative concentrations of ionic and metallic Pt species in the films. It was found that the degree of Pt2+ enrichment is directly related to the surface morphology of graphite substrates. In particular, the deposition of Pt-CeO2 films on rough graphite substrate etched in oxygen plasma yielded nanostructured Pt-CeO2 catalyst films with high surface area and high Pt2+/Pt0 ratio. The presented results demonstrate that PLD is a suitable method for the preparation of thin Pt-CeO2 catalyst films for fuel cell applications.

  2. Origin of pressure-induced crystallization of Ce75Al25 metallic glass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Min; Tse, John S; Wang, S Y; Wang, C Z; Jiang, J Z

    2015-03-09

    Phase transitions in amorphous alloys under pressure are an important fundamental problem. Here we report on a first-principles study that reproduces the recently discovered pressure-induced crystallization of amorphous Ce100-xAlx (x<25) alloys and reveals an atomistic transformation mechanism. Contrary to common belief, pressure-induced devitrification of an amorphous Ce-Al alloy is not due to the Ce 4f delocalization that is expected to bring the size of Ce atoms closer to that of Al atoms. Our theoretical results show that the Bader volume of Ce is always larger than that of Al. A continuous increase in the relative Ce/Al Bader volume leads to favourable conditions for forming a close-packed structure at high pressure. The results also show that the Hume-Rothery rules are not applicable to describe the structures of substitutional alloys at high pressure. This study provides a new perspective on the electron distribution in lanthanide alloys under the application of pressure.

  3. SYNTHESIS OF HYDROTALCITE Zn-Al-SO4 AS ANION EXCHANGER AND ITS APPLICATION TO TREAT OF POLLLUTANT CONTAINED HEXACYANOFERRAT(II)

    OpenAIRE

    Roto, Roto; Tahir, Iqmal; Sholikhah, Umi Nur

    2010-01-01

    Synthesis of Zn-Al-SO4 hydrotalcite and its application as anion exchanger for hexacyanoferrat (II) have been studied. Synthesis of Zn-Al-SO4 hydrotalcite was carried out by stoichiometric method and hydrothermal treatment. Sulphate in hydrotalcite interlayer was exchanged by hexacyanoferrat (II) that was assumed as pollutant. Kinetics of ion exchange was also investigated. The product of ion exchange was characterized by XRD, IR spectrophotometry and atomic absorption spectrometry. Zn-Al-SO4...

  4. 嫦娥三号姿轨控过程中GRAIL重力场模型的应用%Application of GRAIL Lunar Gravity Field Model in Attitude and Orbit Control for CE-3 Satellite

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段建锋; 张宇; 陈明; 曹建峰; 王健

    2014-01-01

    嫦娥三号(CE-3)利用发动机力偶模式下喷气进行姿态控制,这对轨道的影响具有累积效应.GRAIL (Gravity Recovery And Interior Laboratory,重力恢复与内部实验室)月球重力场模型是美国国家航空航天局进行GRAIL探月计划的科学成果.为与LP(Lunar Prospector,月球勘探者)等月球重力场模型的定轨精度进行比较,利用重叠弧段法,分别选取CE-3环月段100 km×100 km圆轨道及100 km×15 km椭圆轨道各约1d的重叠弧段,使用LP重力场模型及GRAIL重力场模型进行定轨分析,比较重叠弧段精度.结果表明:使用GRAIL重力场模型可以明显降低定轨测距残差RMS(Root Mean Square,均方根)值,同时可以使重叠弧段精度提高1个量级.

  5. Synthesis of neodymium modified CeO2-ZrO2-Al2O3 support materials and their application in Pd-only three-way catalysts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Na; ZHOU Jufa; CHEN Shanhu; LUO Xiuchao; CHEN Yaoqiang; GONG Maochu

    2012-01-01

    Ce-Zr-Al-Nd2O3 (CZAN) support materials were prepared by co-precipitation and impregnation methods,respectively.They were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD),low temperature nitrogen adsorption-desorption,oxygen pulsing technique,H2-temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS).The Pd-only three-way catalysts (Pd-TWC) supported on these materials were prepared by incipient wetness method and studied by activity tests.The results demonstrated that the CZAN supports obtained by the two methods showed better structural,textural and redox properties than the CZA without Nd3O3,and the addition of Nd2O3 improved the catalytic activity of TWC.Especially,the CZAN-i support prepared by impregnation method had better thermal stability and redox property.Meanwhile,the Pd/CZAN-i catalyst exhibited the best catalytic performance.XPS measurements indicated that the Nd-modified sampies possessed more Ce3+ and oxygen vacancies on the surface of samples,which led to a better redox property.The excellent redox property of support materials helped to improve the catalytic activity of TWC.

  6. Paclitaxel conjugated Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@LaF{sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+},Tb{sup 3+} nanoparticles as bifunctional targeting carriers for Cancer theranostics application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mangaiyarkarasi, Rajendiran; Chinnathambi, Shanmugavel; Karthikeyan, Subramani; Aruna, Prakasarao; Ganesan, Singaravelu, E-mail: sganesan@annauniv.edu

    2016-02-01

    The bi-functional Chitosan functionalized magnetite doped luminescent rare earth nanoparticles (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@LaF{sub 3}: Ce{sup 3+},Tb{sup 3+}/chi NPs) as a carrier of paclitaxel (PTX) drug was designed using a co-precipitation and facile direct precipitation method. The synthesized nanoparticles are spherical in shape with a typical diameter of 19–37 nm respectively. They are water soluble, super paramagnetic and biocompatible, in which the amino groups on the nanoparticles surface are used for the conjugation with an anticancer drug, paclitaxel. The nature of PTX binding with Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@LaF{sub 3}: Ce{sup 3+},Tb{sup 3+}/chi nanoparticles were studied using X-ray diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometer and scanning electron micrograph. The nature of interactions between PTX and Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@LaF{sub 3}: Ce{sup 3+},Tb{sup 3+}/chi NPs due to complex formation were conceded out by various spectroscopic methods viz., UV–visible, steady state and excited state fluorescence spectroscopy. The photo-physical characterization reveals that the adsorption and release of PTX from Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@LaF{sub 3}:Tb{sup 3+}/chi nanoparticles is quicker when compared with other nanoparticles and also confirms that this may be due to the hydrogen bond formation between the hydroxyl group of drug and amino group of nanoparticles respectively. The maximum loading capacity and entrapment efficiency of 83.69% and 80.51% were attained at a ratio of 5:8 of PTX and Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@LaF{sub 3}: Ce{sup 3+},Tb{sup 3+}/chi NPs respectively. In addition with that, antitumoral activity study of PTX conjugated Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@LaF{sub 3}:Tb{sup 3+}/chi nanoparticles exhibits increased cytotoxic effects on A549 lung cancer cell lines than that of unconjugated PTX. - Highlights: • Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@LaF{sub 3}: Ce{sup 3+},Tb{sup 3+}/chi nanoparticles as a carrier of paclitaxel. • These particles are water soluble, super paramagnetic and biocompatible. • The maximum

  7. Study of the oxygen reduction reaction using Pt-Rare earths (La, Ce, Er) electrocatalysts for application of PEM fuel cells; Estudo da reacao de reducao do oxigenio utilizando eletrocatalisadores a base de Pt-terras raras (La, Ce, Er) para aplicacao em celulas a combustivel tipo PEM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomes, Thiago Bueno

    2013-07-01

    The complexity of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and its potential losses make it responsible for the most part of efficiency losses at the Fuel Cells. For this reaction the electrocatalyst witch is most appropriated and shows better performance is platinum, a noble metal that elevates the cost, raising barriers for Fuel Cells technology to enter the market. First this work focuses on reducing the amount of platinum used in the cathode, by being replaced by rare earths. The most common methods of synthesis involves a large amount of steps and this work proposed to prepare the electrocatalyst through a simpler way that would not take so many steps and time to be done. Using an ultrasound mixer the electrocatalyst was prepared mixing platinum supported on carbon black and the rare earths lanthanum, cerium and erbium oxides to be applied in a half-cell study of the ORR. The Koutecky-Levich plots shows that among the electrocatalysts prepared the Pt80Ce20/C had the catalytic activity close to the commercial BASF platinum on carbon black, suggesting that the reaction was taken by the 4-electron path. As found in some works in literature, among the rare earth used to study the ORR, cerium is the one witch shows the better performance because it is able to store and provide oxygen. This feature is of great interest for the ORR because this reaction is first order to the oxygen concentration. Results show that is possible to reduce the amount of platinum maintaining the same electrocatalyst activity. (author)

  8. Application of bone scintigrams in total knee replacement (Okayama MK-II type)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Umeda, T.; Inoue, S.; Matsui, N.; Moriya, H. (Chiba Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine)

    1982-02-01

    Eighteen patients with 21 total knee replacements (OKAYAMA MK-II type) were examined by radionuclide imaging in order to assess the prosthetic complaints such as loosening, infection, fracture and lasting pain. The following results and conclusions were obtained. 1) Bone imaging can reveal the condition of the attachment of bone and prosthesis. 2) Diffuse uptake gradually diminished until 18 months after surgery. 3) In front view on bone imaging, tibial uptake corresponded highly with the part of the weight area. 4) In cases of high uptake of posterior femoral component in lateral view, the range of knee flexion was mostly restricted. 5) Long-period persistent local uptake suggested loosening of the prosthesis or fracture of the tibial plateau. 6) Patello-femoral uptake showed no relation to the patellofemoral complaints. Radionuclide bone imaging is considered to represent one of the most valuable diagnostic procedures for assessing the clinical results after total knee replacement.

  9. Organic-Ruthenium(II Polypyridyl Complex Based Sensitizer for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingamallu Giribabu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A new high molar extinction coefficient organic-ruthenium(II polypyridyl complex sensitizer (RD-Cou that contains 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-9-thiophene-2-yl-2,3,5,6,6a,11c-hexahydro1H,4H-11oxa-3a-aza-benzoanthracene-10-one as extended -conjugation of ancillary bipyridine ligand, 4,4-dicaboxy-2,26,2-bipyridine, and a thiocyanate ligand in its molecular structure has been synthesized and completely characterized by CHN, Mass, 1H-NMR, UV-Vis, and fluorescence spectroscopies as well as cyclic voltammetry. The new sensitizer was tested in dye-sensitized solar cells using a durable redox electrolyte and compared its performance to that of standard sensitizer Z-907.

  10. Application of MIMO Disturbance Observer to Control of an Electric Wheelchair Using NSGA-II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saadatzi, Mohammad Nasser; Poshtan, Javad; Saadatzi, Mohammad Sadegh

    2011-05-01

    Electric wheelchairs (EW) experience various terrain surfaces and slopes as well as occupants with diverse weights. This, in turn, imparts a substantial amount of perturbation to the EW dynamics. In this paper, we make use of a two-degree-of-freedom control architecture called disturbance observer (DOB) which reduces sensitivity to model uncertainties, while enhancing rejection of disturbances caused due to entering slopes. The feedback loop which is designed via characteristic loci method is then augmented with a DOB with a parameterized low-pass filter. According to disturbance rejection, sensitivity reduction, and noise rejection of the whole controller, three performance indices are defined which enable us to pick the filter's optimal parameters using a multi-objective optimization approach called non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II. Finally, experimental results show desirable improvement in stiffness and disturbance rejection of the proposed controller as well as its robust stability.

  11. A trajectory description of quantum processes. II. Applications. A Bohmian perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanz, Angel S.; Miret-Artes, Salvador [CSIC, Madrid (Spain). Inst. de Fisica Fundamental (IFF-CSIC)

    2014-07-01

    Presents a thorough introduction to, and treatment of, trajectory-based quantum-mechanical calculations. Useful for a wide range of scattering problems. Presents the applications of the trajectory description of basic quantum processes. Trajectory-based formalisms are an intuitively appealing way of describing quantum processes because they allow the use of ''classical'' concepts. Beginning as an introductory level suitable for students, this two-volume monograph presents (1) the fundamentals and (2) the applications of the trajectory description of basic quantum processes. This second volume is focussed on simple and basic applications of quantum processes such as interference and diffraction of wave packets, tunneling, diffusion and bound-state and scattering problems. The corresponding analysis is carried out within the Bohmian framework. By stressing its interpretational aspects, the book leads the reader to an alternative and complementary way to better understand the underlying quantum dynamics.

  12. Radon gamma-ray spectrometry with YAP:Ce scintillator

    CERN Document Server

    Plastino, W; De Notaristefani, F

    2002-01-01

    The detection properties of a YAP:Ce scintillator (YAlO sub 3 :Ce crystal) optically coupled to a Hamamatsu H5784 photomultiplier with standard bialkali photocathode have been analyzed. In particular, the application to radon and radon-daughters gamma-ray spectrometry was investigated. The crystal response has been studied under severe extreme conditions to simulate environments of geophysical interest, particularly those found in geothermal and volcanic areas. Tests in water up to a temperature of 100 deg.C and in acids solutions such as HCl (37%), H sub 2 SO sub 4 (48%) and HNO sub 3 (65%) have been performed. The measurements with standard radon sources provided by the National Institute for Metrology of Ionizing Radiations (ENEA) have emphasized the non-hygroscopic properties of the scintillator and a small dependence of the light yield on temperature and HNO sub 3. The data collected in this first step of our research have pointed out that the YAP:Ce scintillator can allow high response stability for rad...

  13. Ni-CeO2 Cermets Synthesis by Solid State Sintering of Ni/CeO2 Multilayer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandras ILJINAS

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Nickel and gadolinium doped cerium oxide (GDC cermet is intensively investigated for an application as an anode material for solid oxide fuel cells based on various electrolytes. The purpose of the present investigation is to analyze morphology, microstructure, and optical properties of deposited and annealed for one hour in the temperatures from 500 ºC to 900 ºC Ni/CeO2 multilayer thin films deposited by sputtering. The crystallographic structure of thin films was investigated by X-ray diffraction. The morphology of the film cross-section was investigated with scanning electron microscope. The elemental analysis of samples was investigated by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The fitting of the optical reflectance data was made using Abeles matrix method that is used for the design of interference coatings. The film cross-section of the post-annealed samples consisted of four layers. The first CeO2 layer (on Si had the same fine columnar structure with no features of Ni intermixing. The part of Ni (middle-layer after annealing was converted to NiO with grain size exceeding 100 nm. The CeO2 layer deposited on Ni was divided into two layers. Lower layer had small grains not exceeding 25 nm and consisting of NiO and CeO2 mixture. Upper layer consisted of CeO2 columns with approximate thickness of 50 nm. Ni sample annealed at 600 ºC was fully oxidized. The NiO thickness and refraction index were almost steady after annealing in various temperatures. The approximation of experimental reflectance data was successful only for the samples with one transparent homogeneous layer. The reflectance of the Ni/CeO2 samples annealed at intermediate temperatures could not be fitted using one-layer or three-layer model. That may show that a simplified model could not be implemented.  The real system has complicated distribution of refraction index. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.19.4.3073

  14. Applications of capillary electrophoresis with chemiluminescence detection in clinical, environmental and food analysis. A review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lara, Francisco J.; Airado-Rodríguez, Diego; Moreno-González, David; Huertas-Pérez, José F.; García-Campaña, Ana M., E-mail: amgarcia@ugr.es

    2016-03-24

    This paper reviews the latest developments and analytical applications of chemiluminescence detection coupled to capillary electrophoresis (CE-CL). Different sections considering the most common CL systems have been included, such as the tris(2,2′-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) system, the luminol and acridinium derivative reactions, the peroxyoxalate CL or direct oxidations. Improvements in instrumental designs, new strategies for improving both resolution and sensitivity, and applications in different fields such as clinical, pharmaceutical, environmental and food analysis have been included. This review covers the literature from 2010 to 2015. - Highlights: • An up-to-date critical review about the evolution of CE-CL is presented. • Tris(2,2′-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) and luminol as the most used CL systems. • Instrumental designs and strategies for improving resolution and sensitivity. • Applications in clinical, pharmaceutical, environmental and food analysis.

  15. 21 CFR 1301.34 - Application for importation of Schedule I and II substances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., and industrial purposes; (2) Compliance with applicable State and local law; (3) Promotion of... (21 U.S.C. 952(a)(2)(B)), the Administrator shall consider: (1) The extent of price rigidity in the... manufacturers; (3) The existence of substantial differentials between domestic prices and the higher of...

  16. Numerical optimization of nitrogen application to rice. Part II. Field evaluations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ten Berge, H.F.M.; Qinghua, S.; Zhiming, Z.; Rao, K.S.; Riethoven, J.J.M.; Zhong, X.

    1997-01-01

    The MANAGE-N model (Part I; Ten Berge et al., this issue) was tested by comparing predicted and measured final crop biomass production for 48 rice cultivars under application of 0, 30–40, 60–80 and 90 to 120 kg urea-N per ha at Cuttack, India, during seven consecutive wet seasons. The overall coeffi

  17. MATLAB-based Applications for Image Processing and Image Quality Assessment – Part II: Experimental Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Krasula

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper provides an overview of some possible usage of the software described in the Part I. It contains the real examples of image quality improvement, distortion simulations, objective and subjective quality assessment and other ways of image processing that can be obtained by the individual applications.

  18. Phase diagram of F- and Co-doped CeFeAsO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vakaliuk, Oleksii; Wurmehl, Sabine; Malbrich, Christine; Bruening, Eva; Grafe, Hans-Joachim; Hess, Christian; Buechner, Bernd [Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 20, 01069 Dresden (Germany)

    2013-07-01

    We carried out an experimental systematic electronic resistivity investigation of CeFeAsO system in a wide Co-doping range (0-0.12) and compare it to F-doped (0-0.10) CeFeAsO. The resistivity of the pristine compound: i) exhibits a pronounced peak at approximately 150 K, followed by a steep decrease and ii) an inflection point which are clear signatures of the tetragonal to orthorhombic structural transition, and the antiferromagnetic spin density wave transition, respectively. iii) At low temperature the resistivity shows a kink-like anomaly due to ordering of Ce magnetic moments. Upon doping these anomalies shifts to lower temperature, and become suppressed and broadened. From these observations we construct the magnetic/superconducting phase diagrams for both compounds. Furthermore, NMR/NQR studies reveal a new type of microscopic order in the underdoped normal state regime.

  19. Pico Hydropower Application on Tidal Irrigation CanalSupporting The Indonesian Agricultural Activities Case Study: Telang II – Banyuasin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darmawi Darmawi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A review of waterwheel history has conducted to evaluate the possibility and thetechnology development in its relation to harvest the energy from the flowing water inand out of irrigation canal regarding the tidal movement. The study has conducted atthe east shore of South Sumatra. Hydro energy became a promising renewable energyin order to achieve at least 5% of total Indonesian national energy mix consumption in 2025. Tidal turbine energy is technologically potential for Indonesian futureregarding the beach of 81,000 kilometers long and 20 millions hectares of tidalswamp area out of 33 millions hectares available. Mechanical torque of 30 Nm isproduced by a waterwheel of 0.38 meter radius. An estimation of 60 watt at the peakof rain season could harvested from each tidal irrigation canal in Telang II. Thismechanical energy is applicable to generate small quantity water pump, water aerationinjector and small electric energy energy appliances.

  20. The Interpretations and Applications of Boethius's Introduction to the Arithmetic II,1 at the End of the 10th Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otisk, Marek

    This paper deals with comments and glosses to the first chapter of the second book of Boethius's Introduction to Arithmetic from the last quarter of the 10th century. Those texts were written by Gerbert of Aurillac (Scholium ad Boethii Arithmeticam Institutionem l. II, c. 1), Abbo of Fleury (commentary on the Calculus by Victorius of Aquitaine, the so-called De numero, mensura et pondere), Notker of Liège (De superparticularibus) and by the anonymous author (De arithmetica Boetii). The main aim of this paper is to show that Boethius's statements about the converting numerical sequences to equality from this work could be interpreted minimally in two different ways. This paper discussed also the application of this topic in other liberal arts (like astronomy, music, grammar etc.) and in playing game called rithmomachia, the medieval philosophers' game.

  1. Characteristics and biotechnology applications of aliphatic amino acid hydroxylases belonging to the Fe(II)/α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase superfamily.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hibi, Makoto; Ogawa, Jun

    2014-05-01

    The asymmetric hydroxylation of inactive carbon atoms is still an important reaction in the industrial synthesis of valuable chiral compounds such as pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals. Applications of monooxygenation enzymes, like cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, flavin-containing monooxygenases, and Fe(II)/α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases (Fe/αKG-DOs), are strongly desired as hydroxylation biocatalysts because they have great advantages in regio- and stereoselectivity of the reactions. Recently, several novel Fe/αKG-DOs have been found to catalyze the asymmetric hydroxylation of aliphatic amino acids. Depending on their amino acid sequences, these Fe/αKG-DOs catalyze different types of regioselective hydroxylations, or C3-, C4-, and C5-hydroxylation. Additionally, most also have stereoselective sulfoxidation activities. Here, we have reviewed the characterization and process development of this novel functioning group of Fe/αKG-DOs.

  2. Application of bis-(L zinc prolinate (II on the synthesis reactions of some 1,4-dyhidropyridines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane R. Winck

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The 1,4-Dyhidropyridine (DHP is a class of substances that presents a wide spectrum of biological activities. Among these applications, it can be applied on the treatment of cardiovascular diseases e.g. hypertension. This project proposes the synthesis of some DHPs through multicomponent reactions (one pot using bis-(L zinc prolinate (II as catalyst. Initially the synthesis of the precursor enamine was held using the catalyst and later, there was an addition of cinnmaldehyde to the same reaction media. Such procedure resulted on the formation of the compound of interest (Figure 1. Another important factor is that the ultrasound was used to reach the results, which makes such reactions highly convergent and coherent with the principles of the Green Chemistry.

  3. Application of Zr/Ti-Pic in the adsorption process of Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) using adsorption physico-chemical models and thermodynamics of the process; Aplicacao de Zr/Ti-PILC no processo de adsorcao de Cu(II), Co(II) e Ni(II) utilizando modelos fisico-quimicos de adsorcao e termodinamica do processo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guerra, Denis Lima; Airoldi, Claudio [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica. Dept. de Quimica Inorganica]. E-mail: dlguerra@iqm.unicamp.br; Lemos, Vanda Porpino; Angelica, Romulo Simoes [Universidade Federal do Para (UFPa), Belem (Brazil); Viana, Rubia Ribeiro [Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso (UFMT), Cuiaba (Brazil). Inst. de Ciencias Exatas e da Terra. Dept. de Recursos Minerais

    2008-07-01

    The aim of this investigation is to study how Zr/Ti-Pic adsorbs metals. The physico-chemical proprieties of Zr/Ti-Pic have been optimized with pillarization processes and Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) adsorption from aqueous solution has been carried out, with maximum adsorption values of 8.85, 8.30 and 7.78 x-1 mmol g{sup -1}, respectively. The Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin adsorption isotherm models have been applied to fit the experimental data with a linear regression process. The energetic effect caused by metal interaction was determined through calorimetric titration at the solid-liquid interface and gave a net thermal effect that enabled the calculation of the exothermic values and the equilibrium constant. (author)

  4. Application of ICHD-II criteria in a headache clinic of China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Dong

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: China has the huge map and the largest population in the world. Previous studies on the prevalence and classification of headaches were conducted based on the general population, however, similar studies among the Chinese outpatient population are scarce. This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of 1843 headache patients enrolled in a North China headache clinic of the General Hospital for Chinese People's Liberation Army from October 2011 to May 2012, with the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd Edition (ICHD-II. METHODS AND RESULTS: Personal interviews were carried out and a detailed questionnaire was used to collect medical records including age, sex and headache characteristics. Patients came from 28 regions of China with the median age of 40.9 (9-80 years and the female/male ratio of 1.67/1. The primary headaches (78.4% were classified as the following: migraine (39.1%, tension-type headache (32.5%, trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (5.3% and other primary headache (1.5%. Among the rest patients, 12.9% were secondary headaches, 5.9% were cranial neuralgias and 2.5% were unspecified or not elsewhere classified. Fourteen point nine percent (275/1843 were given an additional diagnosis of chronic daily headache, including medication-overuse headache (MOH, 49.5%, chronic tension-type headache (CTTH, 32.7% and chronic migraine (CM, 13.5%. The visual analogue scale (VAS score of TTH with MOH was significantly higher than that of CTTH (6.8±2.0 vs 5.6±2.0, P<0.001. The similar result was also observed in VAS score between migraine with MOH and CM (8.0±1.5 vs 7.0±1.5, P = 0.004. The peak age at onset of TTH for male and female were both in the 3(rd decade of life. However, the age distribution at onset of migraine shows an obvious sex difference, i.e. the 2(nd decade for females and the 1(st decade for males. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This study revealed the characteristics of the headache clinic

  5. TBscore II

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rudolf, Frauke; Lemvik, Grethe; Abate, Ebba;

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background: The TBscore, based on simple signs and symptoms, was introduced to predict unsuccessful outcome in tuberculosis patients on treatment. A recent inter-observer variation study showed profound variation in some variables. Further, some variables depend on a physician assessing...... them, making the score less applicable. The aim of the present study was to simplify the TBscore. Methods: Inter-observer variation assessment and exploratory factor analysis were combined to develop a simplified score, the TBscore II. To validate TBscore II we assessed the association between start...

  6. An electrochemical DNA biosensor for evaluating the effect of mix anion in cellular fluid on the antioxidant activity of CeO2 nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, Yanwu; Zhang, Yan; Qin, Fei; Yao, Xin

    2015-08-15

    CeO2 nanoparticles are of particular interest as a novel antioxidant for scavenging free radicals. However, some studies showed that they could cause cell damage or death by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS). Up to now, it is not well understood about these paradoxical phenomena. Therefore, many attentions have been paid to the factors that could affect the antioxidant activity of CeO2 nanoparticles. CeO2 nanoparticles would inevitably encounter body fluid environment for its potential medical application. In this work the antioxidant activity behavior of CeO2 nanoparticles is studied in simulated cellular fluid, which contains main body anions (HPO4(2-), HCO3(-), Cl(-) and SO4(2-)), by a method of electrochemical DNA biosensor. We found that in the solution of Cl(-) and SO4(2-), CeO2 nanoparticles can protect DNA from damage by hydroxyl radicals, while in the presence of HPO4(2-) and HCO3(-), CeO2 nanoparticles lose the antioxidant activity. This can be explained by the cerium phosphate and cerium carbonate formed on the surface of the nanoparticles, which interfere with the redox cycling between Ce(3+) and Ce(4+). These results not only add basic knowledge to the antioxidant activity of CeO2 nanoparticles under different situations, but also pave the way for practical applications of nanoceria. Moreover, it also shows electrochemical DNA biosensor is an effective method to explore the antioxidant activity of CeO2 nanoparticles.

  7. Two-Dimensional Electronic Spectroscopies for Probing Electronic Structure and Charge Transfer: Applications to Photosystem II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogilvie, Jennifer P. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics

    2016-11-22

    Photosystem II (PSII) is the only known natural enzyme that uses solar energy to split water, making the elucidation of its design principles critical for our fundamental understanding of photosynthesis and for our ability to mimic PSII’s remarkable properties. This report discusses progress towards addressing key open questions about the PSII RC. It describes new spectroscopic methods that were developed to answer these questions, and summarizes the outcomes of applying these methods to study the PSII RC. Using 2D electronic spectroscopy and 2D electronic Stark spectroscopy, models for the PSII RC were tested and refined. Work is ongoing to use the collected data to elucidate the charge separation mechanism in the PSII RC. Coherent dynamics were also observed in the PSII RC for the first time. Through extensive characterization and modeling we have assigned these coherences as vibronic in nature, and believe that they reflect resonances between key vibrational pigment modes and electronic energy gaps that may facilitate charge separation. Work is ongoing to definitively test the functional relevance of electronic-vibrational resonances.

  8. Ruthenium(II) hydrazone Schiff base complexes: synthesis, spectral study and catalytic applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manikandan, R; Viswanathamurthi, P; Muthukumar, M

    2011-12-01

    Ruthenium(II) hydrazone Schiff base complexes of the type [RuCl(CO)(B)(L)] (were B=PPh(3), AsPh(3) or Py; L=hydrazone Schiff base ligands) were synthesized from the reactions of hydrazone Schiff base ligand (obtained from isonicotinoylhydrazide and different hydroxy aldehydes) with [RuHCl(CO)(EPh(3))(2)(B)] (where E=P or As; B=PPh(3), AsPh(3) or Py) in 1:1 molar ratio. All the new complexes have been characterized by analytical and spectral (FT-IR, electronic, (1)H, (13)C and (31)P NMR) data. They have been tentatively assigned an octahedral structure. The synthesized complexes have exhibited catalytic activity for oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde and cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone in the presence of N-methyl morpholine N-oxide (NMO) as co-oxidant. They were also found to catalyze the transfer hydrogenation of aliphatic and aromatic ketones to alcohols in KOH/Isopropanol.

  9. THE APPLICATION OF RADAR IN THE UDF DURING WORLD WAR II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.C.B. Vlok

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the history of large decisive campaigns and wars, and more so when opposing forces are clearly defined, appearing on a massive scale, conventional weapons and methods of warfare are produced in enormous quantities, to be used by every able-bodied person available; this because every war holds the threat that a state of attrition will be reached when superiority in numbers will tip the scales. To bolster morale, to minimise what is indeed a fateful attitude, a great deal of effort and energy is devoted to developing the secret weapon, the one that will more than restore the balance. Such were in their time: ballistae, the short sword, bows and arrows, gunpowder, breech loading rifles, machine guns, submarines, aerial bombs, tanks, and poison gas. The World War II crop was roughly: Blitzkrieg, radar, V.-type bombs and the atomic bomb. Great leaps ahead like these, in advance of current practice, were the fruits of labour by devoted and untrammelled "Backroom Boys". They produced the strategic ideas and material which were then handed over to the combat forces to exploit tactically. With a strong element of secrecy and national security ever-present, it was invariably necessary to create new units in the field for such exploitation, rather than to extend the functions of existing organisations. It is against this background that the development of radar in the South African Armed Forces must be seen.

  10. Application of Tin(II Chloride Catalyst for High FFA Jatropha Oil Esterification in Continuous Reactive Distillation Column

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratna Dewi Kusumaningtyas

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The application of heterogeneous solid acid catalysts in biodiesel production has become popular and gained significant attention over the last few years. It is since these types of catalysts hold the benefits in terms of easy separation from the product, reusability of the catalyst, high selectivity of the reaction. They are also considered sustainable and powerful particularly in organic synthesis. This work studied the use of tin(II chloride as solid Lewis acid catalyst to promote the esterification reaction of high Free Fatty Acid (FFA jatropha oil in continuous reactive distillation column. To obtain the optimum condition, the influences of reaction time, molar ratio of the reactant, and catalyst were investigated. It was revealed that the optimum condition was achieved at the molar ratio of methanol to FFA at 1:60, catalyst concentration of 5%, and reaction temperature of 60°C with the reaction conversion of 90%. This result was significantly superior to the identical reaction performed using batch reactor. The esterification of high FFA jatropha oil using reactive distillation in the presence of tin(II chloride provided higher conversion than that of Amberlyst-15 heterogeneous catalyst and was comparable to that of homogenous sulfuric acid catalyst, which showed 30 and 94.71% conversion, respectively. The esterification reaction of high FFA jatropha oil was subsequently followed by transesterification reaction for the completion of the biodiesel production. Transesterification was carried out at 60 °C, molar ratio of methanol to oil of 1:6, NaOH catalyst of 1%, and reaction time of one hour. The jatropha biodiesel product resulted from this two steps process could satisfy the ASTM and Indonesian biodiesel standard in terms of ester content (97.79 %, density, and viscosity. Copyright © 2016 BCREC GROUP. All rights reserved Received: 10th November 2015; Revised: 4th February 2016; Accepted: 4th February 2016 How to Cite: Kusumaningtyas

  11. Simulation of ELBE SRF gun II for high-bunch-charge applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, P.; Arnold, A.; Teichert, J.; Vennekate, H.; Xiang, R.

    2016-09-01

    The SRF gun at ELBE will benefit most of the local user beamlines for future high-bunch-charge operations. Parallel to its development, simulation-based investigations have been performed to improve the beam quality for THz experiments and Compton backscattering experiments. These two applications have the most challenging requirements: THz experiments benefit significantly from short bunch lengths at the sub-ps level, while Compton backscattering experiments demand small transverse beam sizes of about 30 μm. The beam dynamics of the SRF gun are simulated with ASTRA and the beam transport is optimized using Elegant. Important physical effects included in simulations are introduced first, where the interesting phenomenon of "slice mismatch" is generally quantified and numerically studied. Afterwards, beam transport strategies and optimization methods are proposed which are based on the specific settings of ELBE but also applicable to similar accelerator setups. Finally, optimizations of the SRF gun and the beam transport in ELBE are presented. Results show that the SRF gun is capable of providing 500 pC bunches for both applications with better beam qualities than the currently 100 pC bunches supplied by the existing thermionic DC source.

  12. Orthogonal Polynomials on the Unit Circle with Fibonacci Verblunsky Coefficients, II. Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damanik, David; Munger, Paul; Yessen, William N.

    2013-10-01

    We consider CMV matrices with Verblunsky coefficients determined in an appropriate way by the Fibonacci sequence and present two applications of the spectral theory of such matrices to problems in mathematical physics. In our first application we estimate the spreading rates of quantum walks on the line with time-independent coins following the Fibonacci sequence. The estimates we obtain are explicit in terms of the parameters of the system. In our second application, we establish a connection between the classical nearest neighbor Ising model on the one-dimensional lattice in the complex magnetic field regime, and CMV operators. In particular, given a sequence of nearest-neighbor interaction couplings, we construct a sequence of Verblunsky coefficients, such that the support of the Lee-Yang zeros of the partition function for the Ising model in the thermodynamic limit coincides with the essential spectrum of the CMV matrix with the constructed Verblunsky coefficients. Under certain technical conditions, we also show that the zeros distribution measure coincides with the density of states measure for the CMV matrix.

  13. CE-04剥离剂在玻璃卡纸中的应用及评价%Application and Evaluation of Release Agent Used in Cast Coated Paperboard Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敬浩; 陈港; 唐爱民; 张宏伟; 刘映尧

    2004-01-01

    通过采用性能良好的CE-04剥离剂,使纸张涂层在湿状态下容易粘结在铸涂缸表面,形成很高的纸面光泽度,而干燥后又赋予纸张卓越的剥离性能,从而提高了纸机的操作性能和生产效率;同时选择了恰当的加入点,避免了铸涂卡纸因发生粘缸而引起的麻坑点、针孔等纸病,提高了成纸品质.

  14. WinCE多线程在磨加工主动量仪控制系统中的应用%Application of WinCE Multithreading in Control System of Grinding Initiative Meter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任冠青; 张琳娜; 郑鹏

    2013-01-01

    For development of embedded grinding initiative Meter,this paper proposes an approach for control system based on WinCE 6.0 Multithreading mechanism.Using thread synchronization technology,the grinding initiative Meter can achieve data acquisition,processing,display in real time,and control grinding process automatically without affecting the front interface switching operation and parameter setting,it enhances real-time and display intuitive of the grinding initiative Meter,makes operation of adjusting and setting parameter more simple,improves the accuracy of measurement.Through the test,we find that various abilities of the grinding initiative Meter used this mechanism are improved,it will have a high cost performance and broad market prospects.%针对嵌入式磨加工主动量仪的开发,本文提出了一种基于WinCE 6.0多线程机制的控制系统实现方法.运用相应的线程同步技术实现了磨加工主动量仪实时地对数据进行采集、处理、显示,自动控制磨削进程,同时又不影响前台界面的切换和参数设定操作,增强了磨加工主动量仪的实时性和显示直观性,使参数设置调整操作更加方便,提高了测量精度.通过测试表明,采用该机制的磨加工主动量仪工作时各方面性能明显改善,性价比较高,市场前景广阔.

  15. CeRh3B2: A ferromagnet with anomalously large Ce 5d spin and orbital magnetic moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaouanc, A.; Dalmas de Réotier, P.; Sanchez, J.-P.; Tschentscher, Th.; Lejay, P.

    1998-01-01

    We report a high-energy magnetic-Compton-scattering study performed on the ferromagnet CeRh3B2. This technique solely measures the electron spin magnetic moments. In contrast to a number of Ce intermetallics with nonmagnetic elements, the Ce 5d spin moment is found to be large and parallel to the Ce 4f spin moment. Therefore the Kondo effect does not play a key role for CeRh3B2. The inferred large Ce 5d orbital magnetic moment is a signature of the strong spin-orbit interaction for the Ce 5d band.

  16. Leucas aspera mediated multifunctional CeO2 nanoparticles: Structural, photoluminescent, photocatalytic and antibacterial properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malleshappa, J; Nagabhushana, H; Sharma, S C; Vidya, Y S; Anantharaju, K S; Prashantha, S C; Daruka Prasad, B; Raja Naika, H; Lingaraju, K; Surendra, B S

    2015-01-01

    Spherical shaped cerium dioxide (CeO2) nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized via bio mediated route using Leucas aspera (LA) leaf extract. The NPs were characterized by PXRD, SEM, UV-Visible techniques. Photoluminescence (PL), photocatalysis and antibacterial properties of NPs were studied. PXRD patterns and Rietveld analysis confirm cubic fluorite structure with space group Fm-3m. SEM results evident that morphology of the NPs was greatly influenced by the concentration of LA leaf extract in the reaction mixture. The band gap energy of the NPs was found to be in the range of 2.98-3.4 eV. The photocatalytic activity of NPs was evaluated by decolorization of Rhodamine-B (RhB) under UVA and Sun light irradiation. CeO2 NPs show intense blue emission with CIE coordinates (0.14, 0.22) and average color coordinated temperature value ∼148,953 K. Therefore the present NPs quite useful for cool LEDs. The superior photocatalytic activity was observed for CeO2 NPs with 20 ml LA under both UVA and Sunlight irradiation. The enhanced photocatalytic activity and photoluminescent properties were attributed to defect induced band gap engineered CeO2 NPs. Further, CeO2 with 20 ml LA exhibit significant antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli (EC) and Staphylococcus aureus (SA). These findings show great promise of CeO2 NPs as multifunctional material for various applications.

  17. Enhanced photocatalytic performances of CeO2/TiO2 nanobelt heterostructures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Jian; Sang, Yuanhua; Zhao, Zhenhuan; Zhou, Weijia; Wang, Dongzhou; Kang, Xueliang; Liu, Hong; Wang, Jiyang; Chen, Shaowei; Cai, Huaqiang; Huang, Hui

    2013-11-25

    CeO2 /TiO2 nanobelt heterostructures are synthesized via a cost-effective hydrothermal method. The as-prepared nanocomposites consist of CeO2 nanoparticles assembled on the rough surface of TiO2 nanobelts. In comparison with P25 TiO2 colloids, surface-coarsened TiO2 nanobelts, and CeO2 nanoparticles, the CeO2 /TiO2 nanobelt heterostructures exhibit a markedly enhanced photocatalytic activity in the degradation of organic pollutants such as methyl orange (MO) under either UV or visible light irradiation. The enhanced photocatalytic performance is attributed to a novel capture-photodegradation-release mechanism. During the photocatalytic process, MO molecules are captured by CeO2 nanoparticles, degraded by photogenerated free radicals, and then released to the solution. With its high degradation efficiency, broad active light wavelength, and good stability, the CeO2 /TiO2 nanobelt heterostructures represent a new effective photocatalyst that is low-cost, recyclable, and will have wide application in photodegradation of various organic pollutants. The new capture-photodegradation-release mechanism for improved photocatalysis properties is of importance in the rational design and synthesis of new photocatalysts.

  18. The effects of Ce3+ and Ce4+ on the stability of fibroblast growth factor-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Liwei; Feng, Hao; Jiang, Rui; Niu, Liping; Song, Yu; Feng, Kai; Qi, Chao

    2010-11-01

    The interaction between tri or tetravalent cerium ions and basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) at 0.1-6: 1 molar ratio under physiological condition was studied by fluorescence and CD spectrum. The different spectra alterations of FGF-2 induced by Ce3+ and Ce4+ showed that Ce3+ and Ce4+ caused different conformational changes of FGF-2 respectively, though both of them destabilized the protein. The instability of FGF-2 in the presence of Ce3+ is involved in the oxidation of its free cystein of protein, but that this treatment nearly does not affect the biological activity. As to Ce4+, it not only induced the conformational changes of protein but also inhibits its activity in a dose-dependent manner, which could be relative to the electrostatic repulsion between Ce4+ and its basic amino acid residues (pI=9.6) or the specific binding of Ce4+ to deprotonated amino acid residues. The interesting results would be helpful to investigate the problem of the stability of proteins.

  19. Measurement of local moment on Ce in CeRh3B2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devare, S. H.; Devare, H. G.

    1987-03-01

    We have employed the TDPAC technique to measure the paramagnetic enhancement factor β of140Ce in CeRh3B2 in the temperature range 300 K down to 115 K. Our measurements show that above Tc=115 K, the trend for β(T) closely follows that for trivalent cerium.

  20. Application of peptide gemini surfactants as novel solubilization surfactants for photosystems I and II of cyanobacteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koeda, Shuhei; Umezaki, Katsunari; Noji, Tomoyasu; Ikeda, Atsushi; Kawakami, Keisuke; Kondo, Masaharu; Yamamoto, Yasushi; Shen, Jian-Ren; Taga, Keijiro; Dewa, Takehisa; Ito, Shigeru; Nango, Mamoru; Tanaka, Toshiki; Mizuno, Toshihisa

    2013-09-17

    We designed novel peptide gemini surfactants (PG-surfactants), DKDKC12K and DKDKC12D, which can solubilize Photosystem I (PSI) of Thermosynecoccus elongatus and Photosystem II (PSII) of Thermosynecoccus vulcanus in an aqueous buffer solution. To assess the detailed effects of PG-surfactants on the original supramolecular membrane protein complexes and functions of PSI and PSII, we applied the surfactant exchange method to the isolated PSI and PSII. Spectroscopic properties, light-induced electron transfer activity, and dynamic light scattering measurements showed that PSI and PSII could be solubilized not only with retention of the original supramolecular protein complexes and functions but also without forming aggregates. Furthermore, measurement of the lifetime of light-induced charge-separation state in PSI revealed that both surfactants, especially DKDKC12D, displayed slight improvement against thermal denaturation below 60 °C compared with that using β-DDM. This degree of improvement in thermal resistance still seems low, implying that the peptide moieties did not interact directly with membrane protein surfaces. By conjugating an electron mediator such as methyl viologen (MV(2+)) to DKDKC12K (denoted MV-DKDKC12K), we obtained derivatives that can trap the generated reductive electrons from the light-irradiated PSI. After immobilization onto an indium tin oxide electrode, a cathodic photocurrent from the electrode to the PSI/MV-DKDKC12K conjugate was observed in response to the interval of light irradiation. These findings indicate that the PG-surfactants DKDKC12K and DKDKC12D provide not only a new class of solubilization surfactants but also insights into designing other derivatives that confer new functions on PSI and PSII.

  1. High performance parallel computing of flows in complex geometries: II. Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gourdain, N; Gicquel, L; Staffelbach, G; Vermorel, O; Duchaine, F; Boussuge, J-F [Computational Fluid Dynamics Team, CERFACS, Toulouse, 31057 (France); Poinsot, T [Institut de Mecanique des Fluides de Toulouse, Toulouse, 31400 (France)], E-mail: Nicolas.gourdain@cerfacs.fr

    2009-01-01

    Present regulations in terms of pollutant emissions, noise and economical constraints, require new approaches and designs in the fields of energy supply and transportation. It is now well established that the next breakthrough will come from a better understanding of unsteady flow effects and by considering the entire system and not only isolated components. However, these aspects are still not well taken into account by the numerical approaches or understood whatever the design stage considered. The main challenge is essentially due to the computational requirements inferred by such complex systems if it is to be simulated by use of supercomputers. This paper shows how new challenges can be addressed by using parallel computing platforms for distinct elements of a more complex systems as encountered in aeronautical applications. Based on numerical simulations performed with modern aerodynamic and reactive flow solvers, this work underlines the interest of high-performance computing for solving flow in complex industrial configurations such as aircrafts, combustion chambers and turbomachines. Performance indicators related to parallel computing efficiency are presented, showing that establishing fair criterions is a difficult task for complex industrial applications. Examples of numerical simulations performed in industrial systems are also described with a particular interest for the computational time and the potential design improvements obtained with high-fidelity and multi-physics computing methods. These simulations use either unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes methods or large eddy simulation and deal with turbulent unsteady flows, such as coupled flow phenomena (thermo-acoustic instabilities, buffet, etc). Some examples of the difficulties with grid generation and data analysis are also presented when dealing with these complex industrial applications.

  2. Development of diffractive antireflection structures on ZnSe for high power CO II laser applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reversat, Fabien; Berthou, Thierry; Tisserand, Stéphane; Dupuy, Lionel; Gautier, Sophie; Muys, Peter; Delbeke, Danae; Grojo, David; Laraichi, Mohammed; Delaporte, Philippe

    2008-04-01

    The unavoidable absorption of thin films used in antireflective coatings forms a permanent bottleneck in the development of optics for high power laser applications. A valid alternative would be the micro-structuring of the optics surface, realizing a diffraction grating which emulates the functioning of an Anti-Reflection thin film layer. Due to the absence of film material, this diffractive structure would not contribute to the overall absorption of the optics. This paper investigates the practical limits of this strategy, applied to zinc selenide as low absorption infrared substrate material.

  3. In-situ transmission electron microscopy study of oxygen vacancy ordering and dislocation annihilation in undoped and Sm-doped CeO2 ceramics during redox processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yong; Chen, Yu; Pradel, Ken C.; Liu, Meilin; Lin Wang, Zhong

    2016-12-01

    Ceria (CeO2) based ceramics have been widely used for many applications due to their unique ionic, electronic, and catalytic properties. Here, we report our findings in investigating into the redox processes of undoped and Sm-doped CeO2 ceramics stimulated by high-energy electron beam irradiation within a transmission electron microscope (TEM). The reduced structure with oxygen vacancy ordering has been identified as the CeO1.68 (C-Ce2O3+δ) phase via high-resolution TEM. The reduction of Ce4+ to Ce3+ has been monitored by electron energy-loss spectroscopy. The decreased electronic conductivity of the Sm-doped CeO2 (Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9, SDC) is revealed by electron holography, as positive electrostatic charges accumulated at the surfaces of SDC grains under electron beam irradiation, but not at CeO2 grains. The formation of the reduced CeO1.68 domains corresponds to lattice expansion compared to the CeO2 matrix. Therefore, the growth of CeO1.68 nuclei builds up strain inside the matrix, causing annihilation of dislocations inside the grains. By using in-situ high-resolution TEM and a fast OneView camera recording system, we investigated dislocation motion inside both CeO2 and SDC grains under electron beam irradiation. The dislocations prefer to dissociate into Shockley partials bounded by stacking faults. Then, the partials can easily glide in the {111} planes to reach the grain surfaces. Even the Lomer-Cottrell lock can be swept away by the phase change induced strain field. Our results revealed the high mobility of dislocations inside CeO2 and SDC grains during their respective redox processes.

  4. Cyclic voltammetry study of Ce(IV/Ce(III redox couple and Ce(IV-F complex in sulfuric acid medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. G. He

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the electrochemical behaviors of Ce(IV/Ce(III redox couple and Ce(IV - F complex in sulfuric acid medium were studied by cyclic voltammetry using a platinum electrode. Both of the Ce(IV/Ce(III couple in Ce(IV solution and Ce(IV - F complex is a quasi-reversible process, and gives a linear correlation between the peak potentials and square root of scan rates, showing that the kinetics of the overall process is diffusion controlled. The complexation of cerium(IV and fluoride is favorable for the oxidation of Ce(III. The kinetic parameters such as diffusion coefficients, anodic transfer coefficients and rate constants were studied.

  5. Synthesis and Characterization of CeO2 Nanoparticles via Solution Combustion Method for Photocatalytic and Antibacterial Activity Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravishankar, Thammadihalli Nanjundaiah; Ramakrishnappa, Thippeswamy; Nagaraju, Ganganagappa; Rajanaika, Hanumanaika

    2015-04-01

    CeO2 nanoparticles have been proven to be competent photocatalysts for environmental applications because of their strong redox ability, nontoxicity, long-term stability, and low cost. We have synthesized CeO2 nanoparticles via solution combustion method using ceric ammonium nitrate as an oxidizer and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) as fuel at 450 °C. These nanoparticles exhibit good photocatalytic degradation and antibacterial activity. The obtained product was characterized by various techniques. X-ray diffraction data confirms a cerianite structure: a cubic phase CeO2 having crystallite size of 35 nm. The infrared spectrum shows a strong band below 700 cm(-1) due to the Ce-O-Ce stretching vibrations. The UV/Vis spectrum shows maximum absorption at 302 nm. The photoluminescence spectrum shows characteristic peaks of CeO2 nanoparticles. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images clearly show the presence of a porous network with a lot of voids. From transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images, it is clear that the particles are almost spherical, and the average size of the nanoparticles is found to be 42 nm. CeO2 nanoparticles exhibit photocatalytic activity against trypan blue at pH 10 in UV light, and the reaction follows pseudo first-order kinetics. Finally, CeO2 nanoparticles also reduce Cr(VI) to Cr(III) and show antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

  6. Fractals in the neurosciences, Part II: clinical applications and future perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Ieva, Antonio; Esteban, Francisco J; Grizzi, Fabio; Klonowski, Wlodzimierz; Martín-Landrove, Miguel

    2015-02-01

    It has been ascertained that the human brain is a complex system studied at multiple scales, from neurons and microcircuits to macronetworks. The brain is characterized by a hierarchical organization that gives rise to its highly topological and functional complexity. Over the last decades, fractal geometry has been shown as a universal tool for the analysis and quantification of the geometric complexity of natural objects, including the brain. The fractal dimension has been identified as a quantitative parameter for the evaluation of the roughness of neural structures, the estimation of time series, and the description of patterns, thus able to discriminate different states of the brain in its entire physiopathological spectrum. Fractal-based computational analyses have been applied to the neurosciences, particularly in the field of clinical neurosciences including neuroimaging and neuroradiology, neurology and neurosurgery, psychiatry and psychology, and neuro-oncology and neuropathology. After a review of the basic concepts of fractal analysis and its main applications to the basic neurosciences in part I of this series, here, we review the main applications of fractals to the clinical neurosciences for a holistic approach towards a fractal geometry model of the brain.

  7. Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers: Part II: Gain media, laser systems, and applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grivas, Christos

    2016-01-01

    The field of optically pumped planar waveguide lasers has seen a rapid development over the last two decades driven by the requirements of a range of applications. This sustained research effort has led to the demonstration of a large variety of miniature highly efficient laser sources by combining different gain media and resonator geometries. One of the most attractive features of waveguide lasers is the broad range of regimes that they can operate, spanning from continuous wave and single frequency through to the generation of femtosecond pulses. Furthermore, their technology has experienced considerable advances to provide increased output power levels, deriving benefits from the relative immunity from the heat generated in the gain medium during laser operation and the use of cladding-pumped architectures. This second part of the review on optically pumped planar waveguide lasers provides a snapshot of the state-of-the-art research in this field in terms of gain materials, laser system designs, and as well as a perspective on the status of their application as real devices in various research areas.

  8. Mercury speciation by CE: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubán, Petr; Pelcová, Pavlína; Margetínová, Jana; Kubán, Vlastimil

    2009-01-01

    This review provides an update on mercury speciation by CE. It includes a brief discussion on physicochemical properties, toxicity and transformation pathways of mercury species (i.e. methyl-, ethyl-, phenyl- and inorganic mercury) and outlines recent trends in Hg speciation by CE. CE is presented as a complementary technique to chromatographic separation techniques, especially in cases when speed, high efficiency and low sample volumes are required. The development of suitable sample preconcentration/isolation (sample stacking, ion exchange, liquid-liquid-liquid extraction, dual-cloud point extraction) to achieve low LODs for analysis of trace concentrations of mercury species in real samples is emphasized. Hyphenation of CE to element specific detectors (i.e. electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry, atomic fluorescence spectrometry, inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry) is discussed as well as a potential of CE in interaction studies that may provide useful information on interaction of various Hg species with selected bio-macromolecules.

  9. Microstructure of Rh-Ce particles on silica: Interactions between Ce and SiO sub 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krause, K.R.; Schmidt, L.D. (Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)); Schabes-Retchkiman, P. (UNAM, Mexico City (Mexico))

    1992-03-01

    The authors have characterized the microstructure of Rh/Ce on SiO{sub 2} after heat treatments in H{sub 2} and O{sub 2} using TEM, HREM, XPS, and EELS, focusing on the very stable structures formed after heating in H{sub 2}. After initial reduction at 600 C, Rh is present as 50- to 100-{angstrom} metal particles while the Ce forms a uniform amorphous film of Ce{sup 3+} on the SiO{sub 2}. After oxidation at 600 C, Rh is oxidized to Rh{sub 2}O{sub 3} and spreads over the SiO{sub 2} surface while Ce forms small patches and large (> 1,000 {angstrom}) particles of crystalline CeO{sub 2}. After reduction of the oxidized microstructure at 600 C, Rh metal returns with a less uniform particle size distribution, while Ce is reduced to Ce{sup 3+} and structures indicating strong interactions between Ce and Si are formed. Upon reduction in the presence of Rh, the CeO{sub 2} particles are reduced to crystalline Ce{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7}. The Ce silicate nucleates at Rh particles and spreads over the support as large thin single-crystal patches. After reoxidation at 650 C, both Ce silicate and CeO{sub 2} were identified using EELS chemical shifts, indicating that the crystalline silicate, once formed, is stable in oxygen. Ce on SiO{sub 2}also showed interaction between Ce and Si, but no crystalline species formed after reduction and only small crystalline CeO{sub 2} particles formed after oxidation. Thus, the formation of the Ce silicate and the oxidation of Ce to CeO{sub 2} are catalyzed by Rh. This work represents the first direct evidence for the formation of a Ce silicate in this system.

  10. Scintillation properties of selected oxide monocrystals activated with Ce and Pr

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojtowicz, Andrzej J.; Drozdowski, Winicjusz; Wisniewski, Dariusz; Lefaucheur, Jean-Luc; Galazka, Zbigniew; Gou, Zhenhui; Lukasiewicz, Tadeusz; Kisielewski, Jaroslaw

    2006-01-01

    In the last 10-15 years there has been a significant effort toward development of new, more efficient and faster materials for detection of ionizing radiation. A growing demand for better scintillator crystals for detection of 511 keV gamma particles has been due mostly to recent advances in modern imaging systems employing positron emitting radionuclides for medical diagnostics in neurology, oncology and cardiology. While older imaging systems were almost exclusively based on BGO and NaI:Tl crystals the new systems, e.g., ECAT Accel, developed by Siemens/CTI, are based on recently discovered and developed LSO (Lu 2SiO 5:Ce, Ce-activated lutetium oxyorthosilicate) crystals. Interestingly, despite very good properties of LSO, there still is a strong drive toward development of new scintillator crystals that would show even better performance and characteristics. In this presentation we shall review spectroscopic and scintillator characterization of new complex oxide crystals, namely LSO, LYSO, YAG, LuAP (LuAlO 3, lutetium aluminate perovskite) and LuYAP activated with Ce and Pr. The LSO:Ce crystals have been grown by CTI Inc (USA), LYSO:Ce, LuAP:Ce and LuYAP:Ce crystals have been grown by Photonic Materials Ltd., Scotland (PML is the only company providing large LuAP:Ce crystals on a commercial scale), while YAG:Pr and LuAP:Pr crystals have been grown by Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (Poland). All these crystals have been characterized at Institute of Physics, N. Copernicus University (Poland). We will review and compare results of measurements of radioluminescence, VUV spectroscopy, scintillation light yields, scintillation time profiles and low temperature thermoluminescence performed on these crystals. We will demonstrate that all experiments clearly indicate that there is a significant room for improvement of LuAP, LuYAP and YAG. While both Ce-activated LSO and LYSO perform very well, we also note that LuYAP:Ce, LuAP:Ce and YAG:Pr offer some

  11. Forward Modelling of Standing Kink Modes in Coronal Loops II. Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Yuan, Ding

    2016-01-01

    Magnetohydrodynamic waves are believed to play a significant role in coronal heating, and could be used for remote diagnostics of solar plasma. Both the heating and diagnostic applications rely on a correct inversion (or backward modelling) of the observables into the thermal and magnetic structures of the plasma. However, owing to the limited availability of observables, this is an ill-posed issue. Forward Modelling is to establish a plausible mapping of plasma structuring into observables. In this study, we set up forward models of standing kink modes in coronal loops and simulate optically thin emissions in the extreme ultraviolet bandpasses, and then adjust plasma parameters and viewing angles to match three events of transverse loop oscillations observed by the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly. We demonstrate that forward models could be effectively used to identify the oscillation overtone and polarization, to reproduce the general profile of oscillation amplitude and phase, and t...

  12. Application of nonlocal models to nano beams. Part II: Thickness length scale effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jun-Sik

    2014-10-01

    Applicability of nonlocal models to nano-beams is discussed in terms of the Eringen's nonlocal Euler-Bernoulli (EB) beam model. In literature, most work has taken the axial coordinate derivative in the Laplacian operator presented in nonlocal elasticity. This causes that the non-locality always makes the beam soften as compared to the local counterpart. In this paper, the thickness scale effect is solely considered to investigate if the nonlocal model can simulate stiffening effect. Taking the thickness derivative in the Laplacian operator leads to the presence of a surface stress state. The governing equation derived is compared to that of the EB model with the surface stress. The results obtained reveal that the nonlocality tends to decrease the bending moment stiffness whereas to increase the bending rigidity in the governing equation. This tendency also depends on the surface conditions.

  13. PARAMETRIC ANALYSIS OF A MINIATURIZED INVERTED II SHAPED ANTENNA FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK APPLICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Shanmugapriya

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A compact and simple design of a CPW-fed planar antenna for wireless sensor network antenna application with a better size reduction is presented. The proposed antenna consists of an inverted ? shaped metal patch on a printed circuit board fed by a 50-O coplanar waveguide (CPW. The parametric analysis of length and width are made. The designed antenna’s physical dimensions are 32 mm (length x 26 mm (width x 1.6 mm (height. The antenna structure has been modeled and fabricated and its performance has been evaluated using a method of moment based electromagnetic simulator, IE3D .The return loss of -22.5 dB and VSWR of 1.34 dB are noted. The radiation pattern of the antenna proves that it radiates in all direction. The antenna is fabricated and tested and the measured results go in good agreement with simulated one.

  14. Mathematical modeling of materially nonlinear problems in structural analyses, Part II: Application in contemporary software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonić Zoran

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents application of nonlinear material models in the software package Ansys. The development of the model theory is presented in the paper of the mathematical modeling of material nonlinear problems in structural analysis (part I - theoretical foundations, and here is described incremental-iterative procedure for solving problems of nonlinear material used by this package and an example of modeling of spread footing by using Bilinear-kinematics and Drucker-Prager mode was given. A comparative analysis of the results obtained by these modeling and experimental research of the author was made. Occurrence of the load level that corresponds to plastic deformation was noted, development of deformations with increasing load, as well as the distribution of dilatation in the footing was observed. Comparison of calculated and measured values of reinforcement dilatation shows their very good agreement.

  15. Process analytical technology (PAT) for biopharmaceutical products: Part II. Concepts and applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, E K; Shah, R B; Riley, B S; Park, J T; Brorson, K A; Rathore, A S

    2010-02-01

    Implementing real-time product quality control meets one or both of the key goals outlined in FDA's PAT guidance: "variability is managed by the process" and "product quality attributes can be accurately and reliably predicted over the design space established for materials used, process parameters, manufacturing, environmental, and other conditions." The first part of the paper presented an overview of PAT concepts and applications in the areas of upstream and downstream processing. In this second part, we present principles and case studies to illustrate implementation of PAT for drug product manufacturing, rapid microbiology, and chemometrics. We further present our thoughts on how PAT will be applied to biotech processes going forward. The role of PAT as an enabling component of the Quality by Design framework is highlighted. Integration of PAT with the principles stated in the ICH Q8, Q9, and Q10 guidance documents is also discussed.

  16. Eugenol-loaded chitosan nanoparticles: II. Application in bio-based plastics for active packaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woranuch, Sarekha; Yoksan, Rangrong

    2013-07-25

    The aim of the present research was to study the possibility of using eugenol-loaded chitosan nanoparticles as antioxidants for active bio-based packaging material. Eugenol-loaded chitosan nanoparticles were incorporated into thermoplastic flour (TPF) - a model bio-based plastic - through an extrusion process at temperatures above 150°C. The influences of eugenol-loaded chitosan nanoparticles on crystallinity, morphology, thermal properties, radical scavenging activity, reducing power, tensile properties and barrier properties of TPF were investigated. Although the incorporation of 3% (w/w) of eugenol-loaded chitosan nanoparticles significantly reduced the extensibility and the oxygen barrier property of TPF, it provided antioxidant activity and improved the water vapor barrier property. In addition, TPF containing eugenol-loaded chitosan nanoparticles exhibited superior radical scavenging activity and stronger reducing power compared with TPF containing naked eugenol. The results suggest the applicability of TPF containing eugenol-loaded chitosan nanoparticles as an antioxidant active packaging material.

  17. Spectral reflectance and emittance of particulate materials. I - Theory. II - Application and results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emslie, A. G.; Aronson, J. R.

    1973-01-01

    The sizes, shapes, and complex refractive indices of particles are calculated in a study of the IR spectral reflectance of a semiinfinite medium composed of irregular particles of different materials. Geometric optics techniques with corrections for additional absorption due to particle edges and asperities is used in scattering and absorption calculations for particles larger than the wavelength. A Lorentz-Lorenz model is used to derive the averaged complex index of the medium, assuming that its individual particles are ellipsoids. Experimental results obtained on a Michelson interferometer for the spectral emittance of particulate mineral materials are compared with theoretical results. Good agreement between the experimental and theoretical results suggests the applicability, in remote IR spectroscopy, of the theoretical concepts applied in this study.

  18. RutheniumII Complexes bearing Fused Polycyclic Ligands: From Fundamental Aspects to Potential Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludovic Troian-Gautier

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this review, we first discuss the photophysics reported in the literature for mononuclear ruthenium complexes bearing ligands with extended aromaticity such as dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine (DPPZ, tetrapyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c:3'',2''-h:2''',3'''-j]-phenazine (TPPHZ,  tetrapyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c:3'',2''-h:2''',3'''-j]acridine (TPAC, 1,10-phenanthrolino[5,6-b]1,4,5,8,9,12-hexaazatriphenylene (PHEHAT 9,11,20,22-tetraaza- tetrapyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c:3'',2''-l:2''',3'''-n]pentacene (TATPP, etc. Photophysical properties of binuclear and polynuclear complexes based on these extended ligands are then reported. We finally develop the use of binuclear complexes with extended π-systems for applications such as photocatalysis.

  19. Sm doped mesoporous CeO2 nanocrystals: aqueous solution-based surfactant assisted low temperature synthesis, characterization and their improved autocatalytic activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandal, Bappaditya; Mondal, Aparna; Ray, Sirsendu Sekhar; Kundu, Amar

    2016-01-28

    Mesoporous Sm(3+) doped CeO2 (Ce-Sm) with a nanocrystalline framework, a high content of Ce(3+) and surface area (184 m(2) g(-1)), have been synthesized through a facile aqueous solution-based surfactant assisted route by using inorganic precursors and sodium dodecyl sulphate as a template. The XRD results indicate that the calcined Ce-Sm and even the as-prepared material have a cubic fluorite structure of CeO2 with no crystalline impurity phase. XRD studies along with HRTEM results confirmed the formation of mesoporous nanocrystalline CeO2 at a lower temperature as low as 100 °C. A detailed analysis revealed that Sm(3+) doping in CeO2 has increased the lattice volume, surface area, mesopore volume and engineered the surface defects. Higher concentrations of Ce(3+) and oxygen vacancies of Ce-Sm resulted in lowering of the band gap. It is evident from the H2-TPR results that Sm(3+) doping in CeO2 strongly modified the reduction behavior of CeO2 by shifting the bulk reduction at a much lower temperature, indicating increased oxygen mobility in the sample which enables enhanced oxygen diffusion at lower temperatures, thus promoting reducibility, i.e., the process of Ce(4+)→ Ce(3+). UV-visible transmission studies revealed improved autocatalytic performance due to easier Ce(4+)/Ce(3+) recycling in the Sm(3+) doped CeO2 nanoparticles. From the in vitro cytotoxicity of both pure CeO2 and Sm(3+) doped CeO2 calcined at 500 °C in a concentration as high as 100 μg mL(-1) (even after 120 h) on MG-63 cells, no obvious decrease in cell viability is observed, confirming their excellent biocompatibility. The presence of an increased amount of surface hydroxyl groups, mesoporosity, and surface defects have contributed towards an improved autocatalytic activity of mesoporous Ce-Sm, which appear to be a potential candidate for biomedical (antioxidant) applications.

  20. Liquid-core waveguide in CE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okada, Tetsuo

    2007-10-01

    Liquid-core waveguide (LCW) brings about several advantages in CE. This review discusses some aspects of fundamental and practical importance involved in this method. Sensitivity in absorption and fluorescence detection is in general improved by more than one order of magnitude over usual crossbeam detection arrangements; the improvements come from the long light path in absorption detection and low light scattering in fluorescence detection. Versatile instrumental arrangements are another advantage of LCW in CE, leading to several detection schemes, some of which provide information that is not gained by usual capillary-end crossbeam detection, e.g. whole-capillary imaging, simultaneous monitoring of multicapillary separation, and kinetic evaluation. The high potential and perspectives of LCW in CE are discussed based on the state-of-the-art developments.

  1. Metamagnetism in Ce(Ga,Al)2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K G Suresh; S Radha; A K Nigam

    2002-05-01

    Effect of Al substitution on the magnetic properties of Ce(Ga1-Al)2 ( = 0, 0.1 and 0.5) system has been studied. The magnetic state of CeGa2 is found to be FM with a C of 8 K, whereas the compounds with =0.1 and 0.5 are AFM and possess N of about 9 K. These two compounds undergo metamagnetic transition and the critical fields are about 1.2 T and 0.5 T, respectively at 2 K. These variations are explained on the basis of helical spin structure in these compounds.

  2. Laser altimeter of CE-1 payloads system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The design and operation of the Laser Altimeter of CE-1 Payloads System are presented in this paper.The paper includes the design of the system and spacecraft-level laser,the description of the emitting-system and receiving system,and the testing of the laser altimeter.The CE-1 laser altimeter is the first Chinese deep-space probe using a laser.It has one beam and operates at 1 Hz,with a nominal accuracy of 5 m.The laser altimeter has operated successfully in lunar orbit since November 28,2007.It has obtained 9120 thousand data values about the lunar altitude.

  3. Use of modulated excitation signals in ultrasound. Part II: Design and performance for medical imaging applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Misaridis, Thanassis; Jensen, Jørgen Arendt

    2005-01-01

    For pt.I, see ibid., vol.52, no.2, p.177-91 (2005). In the first paper, the superiority of linear FM signals was shown in terms of signal-to-noise ratio and robustness to tissue attenuation. This second paper in the series of three papers on the application of coded excitation signals in medical ....... The paper also presents acquired images, using complementary Golay codes, that show the deleterious effects of attenuation on binary codes when processed with a matched filter, als- - o confirmed by the presented simulated images....... ultrasound presents design methods of linear FM signals and mismatched filters, in order to meet the higher demands on resolution in ultrasound imaging. It is shown that for the small time-bandwidth (TB) products available in ultrasound, the rectangular spectrum approximation is not valid, which reduces...... the effectiveness of weighting. Additionally, the distant range sidelobes are associated with the ripples of the spectrum amplitude and, thus, cannot be removed by weighting. Ripple reduction is achieved through amplitude or phase predistortion of the transmitted signals. Mismatched filters are designed...

  4. Field portable low temperature porous layer open tubular cryoadsorption headspace sampling and analysis part II: Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harries, Megan; Bukovsky-Reyes, Santiago; Bruno, Thomas J

    2016-01-15

    This paper details the sampling methods used with the field portable porous layer open tubular cryoadsorption (PLOT-cryo) approach, described in Part I of this two-part series, applied to several analytes of interest. We conducted tests with coumarin and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (two solutes that were used in initial development of PLOT-cryo technology), naphthalene, aviation turbine kerosene, and diesel fuel, on a variety of matrices and test beds. We demonstrated that these analytes can be easily detected and reliably identified using the portable unit for analyte collection. By leveraging efficiency-boosting temperature control and the high flow rate multiple capillary wafer, very short collection times (as low as 3s) yielded accurate detection. For diesel fuel spiked on glass beads, we determined a method detection limit below 1 ppm. We observed greater variability among separate samples analyzed with the portable unit than previously documented in work using the laboratory-based PLOT-cryo technology. We identify three likely sources that may help explain the additional variation: the use of a compressed air source to generate suction, matrix geometry, and variability in the local vapor concentration around the sampling probe as solute depletion occurs both locally around the probe and in the test bed as a whole. This field-portable adaptation of the PLOT-cryo approach has numerous and diverse potential applications.

  5. Analysis of the vibratory excitation of gear systems. II - Tooth error representations, approximations, and application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mark, W. D.

    1979-01-01

    The second part of a theory for predicting the vibratory excitation of gear systems from fundamental descriptions of gear tooth elastic properties and deviations of tooth faces from perfect involute surfaces is presented. The first part of the theory provides expressions for the Fourier-series coefficients of the vibratory excitation, and this paper gives expressions for these Fourier-series coefficients in terms of easily interpreted gear tooth metrics that are readily evaluated from tooth-face measurements. Results are given for rectangular tooth-face contact regions using two-dimensional Legendre polynomial expansions of local tooth-pair stiffnesses and stiffness-weighted deviations of tooth faces from perfect involute surfaces. A rigorous transfer function approach is developed that permits separation of the effects of gear tooth errors and gear design parameters; the theory is applicable to helical and spur gears and is illustrated with measurements of tooth-spacing errors and tooth profiles obtained from a pair of spur gears.

  6. FORWARD MODELING OF STANDING KINK MODES IN CORONAL LOOPS. II. APPLICATIONS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuan, Ding; Doorsselaere, Tom Van, E-mail: DYuan2@uclan.ac.uk [Centre for Mathematical Plasma Astrophysics, Department of Mathematics, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B bus 2400, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)

    2016-04-15

    Magnetohydrodynamic waves are believed to play a significant role in coronal heating, and could be used for remote diagnostics of solar plasma. Both the heating and diagnostic applications rely on a correct inversion (or backward modeling) of the observables into the thermal and magnetic structures of the plasma. However, due to the limited availability of observables, this is an ill-posed issue. Forward modeling is designed to establish a plausible mapping of plasma structuring into observables. In this study, we set up forward models of standing kink modes in coronal loops and simulate optically thin emissions in the extreme ultraviolet bandpasses, and then adjust plasma parameters and viewing angles to match three events of transverse loop oscillations observed by the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly. We demonstrate that forward models could be effectively used to identify the oscillation overtone and polarization, to reproduce the general profile of oscillation amplitude and phase, and to predict multiple harmonic periodicities in the associated emission intensity and loop width variation.

  7. Provenance Context Entity (PaCE): Scalable Provenance Tracking for Scientific RDF Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahoo, Satya S; Bodenreider, Olivier; Hitzler, Pascal; Sheth, Amit; Thirunarayan, Krishnaprasad

    The Resource Description Framework (RDF) format is being used by a large number of scientific applications to store and disseminate their datasets. The provenance information, describing the source or lineage of the datasets, is playing an increasingly significant role in ensuring data quality, computing trust value of the datasets, and ranking query results. Current provenance tracking approaches using the RDF reification vocabulary suffer from a number of known issues, including lack of formal semantics, use of blank nodes, and application-dependent interpretation of reified RDF triples. In this paper, we introduce a new approach called Provenance Context Entity (PaCE) that uses the notion of provenance context to create provenance-aware RDF triples. We also define the formal semantics of PaCE through a simple extension of the existing RDF(S) semantics that ensures compatibility of PaCE with existing Semantic Web tools and implementations. We have implemented the PaCE approach in the Biomedical Knowledge Repository (BKR) project at the US National Library of Medicine. The evaluations demonstrate a minimum of 49% reduction in total number of provenance-specific RDF triples generated using the PaCE approach as compared to RDF reification. In addition, performance for complex queries improves by three orders of magnitude and remains comparable to the RDF reification approach for simpler provenance queries.

  8. Radio Frequency Plasma Synthesis of Boron Nitride Nanotubes (BNNTs) for Structural Applications. Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hales, Stephen J.; Alexa, Joel A.; Jensen, Brian J.

    2016-01-01

    Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) are more thermally and chemically compatible with metal- and ceramic-matrix composites than carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The lack of an abundant supply of defect-free, high-aspect-ratio BNNTs has hindered development as reinforcing agents in structural materials. Recent activities at the National Research Council - Canada (NRC-C) and the University of California - Berkeley (UC-B) have resulted in bulk synthesis of few-walled, small diameter BNNTs. Both processes employ induction plasma technology to create boron vapor and highly reactive nitrogen species at temperatures in excess of 8000 K. Subsequent recombination under controlled cooling conditions results in the formation of BNNTs at a rate of 20 g/hr and 35 g/hr, respectively. The end product tends to consist of tangled masses of fibril-, sheet-, and cotton candy-like materials, which accumulate within the processing equipment. The radio frequency plasma spray (RFPS) facility at NASA Langley (LaRC), developed for metallic materials deposition, has been re-tooled for in-situ synthesis of BNNTs. The NRC-C and UC-B facilities comprise a 60 kW RF torch, a reactor with a stove pipe geometry, and a filtration system. In contrast, the LaRC facility has a 100 kW torch mounted atop an expansive reaction chamber coupled with a cyclone separator. The intent is to take advantage of both the extra power and the equipment configuration to simultaneously produce and gather BNNTs in a macroscopic form amenable to structural material applications.

  9. Magneto-frictional Modeling of Coronal Nonlinear Force-free Fields. II. Application to Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Y.; Xia, C.; Keppens, R.

    2016-09-01

    A magneto-frictional module has been implemented and tested in the Message Passing Interface Adaptive Mesh Refinement Versatile Advection Code (MPI-AMRVAC) in the first paper of this series. Here, we apply the magneto-frictional method to observations to demonstrate its applicability in both Cartesian and spherical coordinates, and in uniform and block-adaptive octree grids. We first reconstruct a nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) on a uniform grid of 1803 cells in Cartesian coordinates, with boundary conditions provided by the vector magnetic field observed by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) at 06:00 UT on 2010 November 11 in active region NOAA 11123. The reconstructed NLFFF successfully reproduces the sheared and twisted field lines and magnetic null points. Next, we adopt a three-level block-adaptive grid to model the same active region with a higher spatial resolution on the bottom boundary and a coarser treatment of regions higher up. The force-free and divergence-free metrics obtained are comparable to the run with a uniform grid, and the reconstructed field topology is also very similar. Finally, a group of active regions, including NOAA 11401, 11402, 11405, and 11407, observed at 03:00 UT on 2012 January 23 by SDO/HMI is modeled with a five-level block-adaptive grid in spherical coordinates, where we reach a local resolution of 0\\buildrel{\\circ}\\over{.} 06 pixel-1 in an area of 790 Mm × 604 Mm. Local high spatial resolution and a large field of view in NLFFF modeling can be achieved simultaneously in parallel and block-adaptive magneto-frictional relaxations.

  10. Cone-shaped cylindrical Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 electrolyte prepared by slip casting and its application to solid oxide fuel cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUI Jing; DONG Lifeng; LIU Jiang

    2012-01-01

    A cone-shaped gadolinium doped ceria (Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95,GDC) electrolyte cylinder with a thin wall was fabricated using slip casting technique.The diameter of the larger open end of the cone-shaped cylinder was 0.85 cm,the length was 1.0 cm,and the thickness of the wall was 0.026 cm after sintering.Both the electrolyte and electrode powders were fabricated by using a glycine-nitrate process.A single solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) was prepared with the cone-shaped electrolyte,NiO-GDC (70:30 wt.%) anode and Sm0.5Sr0.5CoO3 (SSC) cathode.Its electrochemical performance (Ⅰ- Ⅴcurve) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were studied with humidified hydrogen as the fuel and air as the oxidant.The maximum output power density was about 300 mW/cm2 at 700 ℃.The EIS results showed that the dominant loss of the SOFC was from the ohmic resistance of the electrolyte.

  11. A self-consistent DFT + DMFT scheme in the projector augmented wave method: applications to cerium, Ce2O3 and Pu2O3 with the Hubbard I solver and comparison to DFT + U.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amadon, B

    2012-02-22

    An implementation of full self-consistency over the electronic density in the DFT + DMFT framework on the basis of a plane wave–projector augmented wave (PAW) DFT code is presented. It allows for an accurate calculation of the total energy in DFT + DMFT within a plane wave approach. In contrast to frameworks based on the maximally localized Wannier function, the method is easily applied to f electron systems, such as cerium, cerium oxide (Ce2O3) and plutonium oxide (Pu2O3). In order to have a correct and physical calculation of the energy terms, we find that the calculation of the self-consistent density is mandatory. The formalism is general and does not depend on the method used to solve the impurity model. Calculations are carried out within the Hubbard I approximation, which is fast to solve, and gives a good description of strongly correlated insulators. We compare the DFT + DMFT and DFT + U solutions, and underline the qualitative differences of their converged densities. We emphasize that in contrast to DFT + U, DFT + DMFT does not break the spin and orbital symmetry. As a consequence, DFT + DMFT implies, on top of a better physical description of correlated metals and insulators, a reduced occurrence of unphysical metastable solutions in correlated insulators in comparison to DFT + U.

  12. Neutron scattering from -Ce at epithermal neutron energies

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A P Murani

    2008-10-01

    Neutron scattering data, using neutrons of incident energies as high as 2 eV, on -Ce and -Ce-like systems such as CeRh2, CeNi2, CeFe24, CeRu2, and many others that point clearly to the substantially localized 4f electronic state in these systems are reviewed. The present interpretation is contrary to the widely held view that the 4f electrons in these systems form a narrow itinerant electron 4f band.

  13. The influence of Ti doping and annealing on Ce2Ti2O7 flash memory devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kao, Chyuan Haur; Chen, Su Zhien; Luo, Yang; Chiu, Wang Ting; Chiu, Shih Wei; Chen, I. Chien; Lin, Chan-Yu; Chen, Hsiang

    2017-02-01

    In this research, a CeO2 film with Ti doping was used as a trapping layer in metal oxide high-K-oxide-Si (MOHOS)-type memory devices. Since incorporation of Ti atoms into the film could fix dangling bonds and defects, the Ce2Ti2O7 trapping layer with annealing treatment could have a larger memory window and a faster programming/erasing speed. To confirm the origin, multiple material analyses indicate that annealing at an appropriate temperature and Ti doping could enhance crystallization. The Ce2Ti2O7-based memory device is promising for future industrial flash memory applications.

  14. Ba2Mg(BO3)2:Ce3+,Eu2+,Na+: A potential single-phased two colour borate phosphor for white light-emitting diodes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PAN Zaifa; XU Juan; ZHU Chengjing; LIU Wenhan; WANG Lili

    2012-01-01

    A two colour phosphor Ba2Mg(BO3)2:Ce3+,Eu2+,Na+ was synthesized using solid-state reaction method.Luminescence of Ba2Mg(BO3)2:Ce3+,Eu2+,Na+ showed 416 and 618 nm emission bands attributed to Ce3+ and Eu2+ emission,respectively.Energy transfer occurred from Ce3+ to Eu2+ through a significant overlap of Eu2+ excitation spectrum with Ce3+ emission spectrum in Ba2Mg(BO3)2.They also showed that under the excitation of UV radiation,bluish or yellowish white light was generated by coupling a broad blue emission band and a red emission band.By combining with green phosphor,Ba2Mg(BO3):Ce3+,Eu2+,Na+ phosphor showed potential application for white light-emitting diodes (LEDs).

  15. Photoluminescence properties of Tb3Al5O12:Ce3+ garnet synthesized by the metal organic decomposition method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onishi, Yuya; Nakamura, Toshihiro; Adachi, Sadao

    2017-02-01

    Tb3Al5O12:Ce3+ garnet (TAG:Ce3+) phosphor was synthesized by the metal organic decomposition (MOD) method and subsequent calcination at Tc = 800-1200°C for 1 h in air. The effects of Ce3+ concentration on the phosphor properties were investigated in detail using X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, photoluminescence (PL) analysis, PL excitation (PLE) spectroscopy, and PL decay measurements. The maximum intensity in the Ce3+ yellow emission was observed at the Ce3+ concentration of ∼0.20%. PLE and PL decay measurements suggested an evidence of the energy transfer from Tb3+ to Ce3+. Calcination temperature dependence of the XRD and PL intensities yielded an energy of ∼1.5 eV both for the TAG formation in the MOD process and for the optical activation of Ce3+ in its lattice sites. Temperature dependences of the PL intensity for the TAG:Ce3+ yellow-emitting and K2SiF6:Mn4+ red-emitting phosphors were also examined for the future solid-state lighting applications at T = 20-500 K in 10-K steps. The data of TAG:Ce3+ were analyzed using a theoretical model with considering a reservoir level of Et ∼9 meV, yielding a quenching energy of Eq ∼0.35 eV, whereas the K2SiF6:Mn4+ red-emitting phosphor data yielded a value of Eq ∼1.0 eV. The schematic energy-level diagrams for Tb3+ and Ce3+ were proposed for the sake of a better understanding of these ions in the TAG host.

  16. Synthesis of Mixed Cu/Ce Oxide Nanoparticles by the Oil-in-Water Microemulsion Reaction Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelly Pemartin-Biernath

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Cerium oxide and mixed Cu/Ce oxide nanoparticles were prepared by the oil-in-water (O/W microemulsion reaction method in mild conditions. The Cu/Ce molar ratio was varied between 0/100 and 50/50. According to X-ray diffraction (XRD, below 30/70 Cu/Ce molar ratio, the materials presented a single phase consistent with cubic fluorite CeO2. However, above Cu/Ce molar ratio 30/70, an excess monoclinic CuO phase in coexistence with the predominant Cu/Ce mixed oxide was detected by XRD and High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM. Raman spectroscopy showed that oxygen vacancies increased significantly as the Cu content was increased. Band gap (Eg was investigated as a function of the Cu/Ce molar ratio, resulting in values from 2.91 eV for CeO2 to 2.32 eV for the mixed oxide with 30/70 Cu/Ce molar ratio. These results indicate that below 30/70 Cu/Ce molar ratio, Cu2+ is at least partially incorporated into the ceria lattice and very well dispersed in general. In addition, the photodegradation of Indigo Carmine dye under visible light irradiation was explored for selected samples; it was shown that these materials can remove such contaminants, either by adsorption and/or photodegradation. The results obtained will encourage investigation into the optical and photocatalytic properties of these mixed oxides, for widening their potential applications.

  17. MnO(x) Nanoparticle-Dispersed CeO2 Nanocubes: A Remarkable Heteronanostructured System with Unusual Structural Characteristics and Superior Catalytic Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putla, Sudarsanam; Amin, Mohamad Hassan; Reddy, Benjaram M; Nafady, Ayman; Al Farhan, Khalid A; Bhargava, Suresh K

    2015-08-05

    Understanding the interface-induced effects of heteronanostructured catalysts remains a significant challenge due to their structural complexity, but it is crucial for developing novel applied catalytic materials. This work reports a systematic characterization and catalytic evaluation of MnOx nanoparticle-dispersed CeO2 nanocubes for two important industrial applications, namely, diesel soot oxidation and continuous-flow benzylamine oxidation. The X-ray diffraction and Raman studies reveal an unusual lattice expansion in CeO2 after the addition of MnOx. This interesting observation is due to conversion of smaller sized Ce(4+) (0.097 nm) to larger sized Ce(3+) (0.114 nm) in cerium oxide led by the strong interaction between MnOx and CeO2 at their interface. Another striking observation noticed from transmission electron microscopy, high angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy, and electron energy loss spectroscopy studies is that the MnOx species are well-dispersed along the edges of the CeO2 nanocubes. This remarkable decoration leads to an enhanced reducible nature of the cerium oxide at the MnOx/CeO2 interface. It was found that MnOx/CeO2 heteronanostructures efficiently catalyze soot oxidation at lower temperatures (50% soot conversion, T50 ∼660 K) compared with that of bare CeO2 nanocubes (T50 ∼723 K). Importantly, the MnOx/CeO2 heteronanostructures exhibit a noticeable steady performance in the oxidation of benzylamine with a high selectivity of the dibenzylimine product (∼94-98%) compared with that of CeO2 nanocubes (∼69-91%). The existence of a strong synergistic effect at the interface sites between the CeO2 and MnOx components is a key factor for outstanding catalytic efficiency of the MnOx/CeO2 heteronanostructures.

  18. Cerium incorporated MCM-48 (Ce-MCM-48) as a catalyst to inhibit bromate formation during ozonation of bromide-containing water: Efficacy and mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Weiwei; Lu, Xiaowei; Xu, Ke; Qu, Jiuhui; Qiang, Zhimin

    2015-12-01

    The composite mesoporous sieve Ce-MCM-48 (cerium incorporated MCM-48) with different Si/Ce molar ratios were synthesized hydrothermally and characterized with X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, BET surface area, and pHpzc. Results indicate that Ce-MCM-48, especially with a Si/Ce molar ratio of 66 (i.e., Ce66-MCM-48), could significantly inhibit bromate (BrO3(-)) formation during ozonation of Br(-)-containing water, achieving 91% of inhibition efficiency at pH 7.6 and 25 °C. An acidic or alkaline pH decreased the inhibition efficiency of Ce66-MCM-48 to some extent, but reaction temperature ranging from 15 to 30 °C had no significant impact. By comparing the bromine mass balance, aqueous O3 decomposition, and newly formed H2O2 between O3 and O3/Ce66-MCM-48 processes, the inhibition mechanism was proposed: Ce66-MCM-48 promoted aqueous O3 decomposition to generate hydroxyl radicals (OH) that could merge into H2O2, so the oxidative transformation of Br(-) and HOBr/OBr(-) by O3 and OH was primarily suppressed. The catalytic ability of Ce66-MCM-48 was continuously regenerated through the circulating reactions between Ce(III) and Ce(IV) occurring on the catalyst surface. Besides its inhibition on BrO3(-) formation, Ce66-MCM-48 could also enhance the degradation of refractory organic micropollutants. Because of these distinct merits, Ce66-MCM-48 has potential applications to water treatment by ozone.

  19. HIGH-SPIN STATES IN CE-131

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    PALACZ, M; SUJKOWSKI, Z; NYBERG, J; BACELAR, J; JONGMAN, J; HESSELINK, W; NASSER, J; PLOMPEN, A; WYSS, R

    1991-01-01

    Gamma ray spectra from the Sn-117(O-18, 4n)131Ce reaction have been studied with the NORDBALL array of 15 Compton-suppressed Ge detectors. States up to I = 51/2 h, E almost-equal-to 8 MeV are populated. Observed bands are interpreted in terms of quasiparticle configurations.

  20. Safety training and safe operating procedures written for PBFA (Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator) II and applicable to other pulsed power facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Donovan, G.L.; Goldstein, S.A.

    1986-12-01

    To ensure that work in advancing pulsed power technology is performed with an acceptably low risk, pulsed power research facilities at Sandia National Laboratories must satisfy general safety guidelines established by the Department of Energy, policies and formats of the Environment, Safety, and Health (ES and H) Department, and detailed procedures formulated by the Pulsed Power Sciences Directorate. The approach to safety training and to writing safe operating procedures, and the procedures presented here are specific to the Particle Beam Fusion Accelerator II (PBFA II) Facility but are applicable as guidelines to other research and development facilities which have similar hazards.

  1. Full-Disk Chromospheric Vector Magnetograms with Ca II 854.2 nm line: Some Promising Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gosain, Sanjay; Harvey, J. W.; Harker, Brian; Pillet, V. M.; Pevtsov, Alexei A.; Marble, Andrew R.; Bertello, Luca; + SOLIS-Team

    2016-05-01

    Over the last decade, the focus of solar magnetometry has shifted outward from the photosphere to the chromospheric layers. The reasons for this are many. With regards to instrumentation faster detectors with more sensitivity have become available, as have fast electro-optic modulators. Also, there are several potential benefits of observing vector fields in the chromospheric layer as the magnetic field is more force-free in this layer as compared to the photosphere. Coronal force-free field extrapolations are more reliable using chromospheric fields as the lower boundary condition and free magnetic energy is readily computed using the magnetic virial theorem. Recently, a full Stokes polarimeter for the chromospheric Ca II 854.2 nm spectral line was developed and installed in the Vector Spectromagnetograph (VSM) instrument on the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) telescope. We present details of this new polarimeter, full disk spectropolarimetric observations and vector magnetograms of the chromosphere, and examples of some promising applications (e.g., maps of normal component of electric current density in the chromosphere, free magnetic energy estimated using virial theorem, and non-potentiality parameter magnetic shear angle).This work utilizes SOLIS data obtained by the NSO Integrated Synoptic Program (NISP), managed by the National Solar Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), Inc. under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation

  2. Search for pressure-induced superconductivity in CeFeAsO and CeFePO iron pnictides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zocco, D. A. [University of California, San Diego; Baumbach, R. E. [University of California, San Diego; Hamlin, J. J. [University of California, San Diego; Janoschek, M. [University of California, San Diego; Lum, I. K. [University of California, San Diego; McGuire, Michael A [ORNL; Safa-Sefat, Athena [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Jin, Rongying [ORNL; Mandrus, David [ORNL; Jeffries, J. R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Weir, S. T. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Vohra, Y. K. [University of Alabama, Birmingham; Maple, M. B. [University of California, San Diego

    2011-01-01

    The CeFeAsO and CeFePO iron pnictide compounds were studied via electrical transport measurements under high pressure. In CeFeAsO polycrystals, the magnetic phases involving the Fe and Ce ions coexist for hydrostatically applied pressures up to 15 GPa, and with no signs of pressure-induced superconductivity up to 50 GPa for the less hydrostatic pressure techniques. For the CeFePO single crystals, pressure further stabilizes the Kondo screening of the Ce 4f-electron magnetic moments.

  3. Ontology-based configuration of problem-solving methods and generation of knowledge-acquisition tools: application of PROTEGE-II to protocol-based decision support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, S W; Eriksson, H; Gennari, J H; Shahar, Y; Musen, M A

    1995-06-01

    PROTEGE-II is a suite of tools and a methodology for building knowledge-based systems and domain-specific knowledge-acquisition tools. In this paper, we show how PROTEGE-II can be applied to the task of providing protocol-based decision support in the domain of treating HIV-infected patients. To apply PROTEGE-II, (1) we construct a decomposable problem-solving method called episodic skeletal-plan refinement, (2) we build an application ontology that consists of the terms and relations in the domain, and of method-specific distinctions not already captured in the domain terms, and (3) we specify mapping relations that link terms from the application ontology to the domain-independent terms used in the problem-solving method. From the application ontology, we automatically generate a domain-specific knowledge-acquisition tool that is custom-tailored for the application. The knowledge-acquisition tool is used for the creation and maintenance of domain knowledge used by the problem-solving method. The general goal of the PROTEGE-II approach is to produce systems and components that are reusable and easily maintained. This is the rationale for constructing ontologies and problem-solving methods that can be composed from a set of smaller-grained methods and mechanisms. This is also why we tightly couple the knowledge-acquisition tools to the application ontology that specifies the domain terms used in the problem-solving systems. Although our evaluation is still preliminary, for the application task of providing protocol-based decision support, we show that these goals of reusability and easy maintenance can be achieved. We discuss design decisions and the tradeoffs that have to be made in the development of the system.

  4. Correlated electronic structure of CeN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panda, S.K., E-mail: swarup.panda@physics.uu.se [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 516, SE-751 20 Uppsala (Sweden); Di Marco, I. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 516, SE-751 20 Uppsala (Sweden); Delin, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 516, SE-751 20 Uppsala (Sweden); KTH Royal Institute of Technology, School of Information and Communication Technology, Department of Materials and Nano Physics, Electrum 229, SE-164 40 Kista (Sweden); KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Swedish e-Science Research Center (SeRC), SE-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); Eriksson, O., E-mail: olle.eriksson@physics.uu.se [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 516, SE-751 20 Uppsala (Sweden)

    2016-04-15

    Highlights: • The electronic structure of CeN is studied within the GGA+DMFT approach using SPTF and Hubbard I approximation. • 4f spectral functions from SPTF and Hubbard I are coupled to explain the various spectroscopic manifestations of CeN. • The calculated XPS and BIS spectra show good agreement with the corresponding experimental spectra. • The contribution of the various l-states and the importance of cross-sections for the photoemission process are analyzed. - Abstract: We have studied in detail the electronic structure of CeN including spin orbit coupling (SOC) and electron–electron interaction, within the dynamical mean-field theory combined with density-functional theory in generalized gradient approximation (GGA+DMFT). The effective impurity problem has been solved through the spin-polarized T-matrix fluctuation-exchange (SPTF) solver and the Hubbard I approximation (HIA). The calculated l-projected atomic partial densities of states and the converged potential were used to obtain the X-ray-photoemission-spectra (XPS) and Bremstrahlung Isochromat spectra (BIS). Following the spirit of Gunnarsson–Schonhammer model, we have coupled the SPTF and HIA 4f spectral functions to explain the various spectroscopic manifestations of CeN. Our computed spectra in such a coupled scheme explain the experimental data remarkably well, establishing the validity of our theoretical model in analyzing the electronic structure of CeN. The contribution of the various l-states in the total spectra and the importance of cross sections are also analyzed in detail.

  5. Valence state of Ce and the magnetism in CeRh3B2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malik, S. K.; Umarji, A. M.; Shenoy, G. K.; Montano, P. A.; Reeves, M. E.

    1985-04-01

    The compound CeRh3B2 orders magnetically with a high Curie temperature (TC) of 115 K but with a low moment of only absorption edge measurements show a dominant absorption peak at the energy corresponding to trivalent cerium. Magnetic studies on the compounds Ce(Rhsub1-xTsubx)sub3Bsub2 with T=Ru and Os reveal that the magnetic state is very rapidly broken up with the replacement of Rh by Ru and Os. These results along with the observation of a high TsubC in CeRhsub3Bsub2 suggest that magnetism in this compound arises from a strong hybridization of nearly localized or slightly delocalized Ce 4f electrons with conduction electrons. The small moment may be due to a Kondo-type interaction coupled with crystal-field effects.

  6. Databases and tools for nuclear astrophysics applications. BRUSsels Nuclear LIBrary (BRUSLIB), Nuclear Astrophysics Compilation of REactions II (NACRE II) and Nuclear NETwork GENerator (NETGEN)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Y.; Goriely, S.; Jorissen, A.; Chen, G. L.; Arnould, M.

    2013-01-01

    An update of a previous description of the BRUSLIB + NACRE package of nuclear data for astrophysics and of the web-based nuclear network generator NETGEN is presented. The new version of BRUSLIB contains the latest predictions of a wide variety of nuclear data based on the most recent version of the Brussels-Montreal Skyrme-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov model. The nuclear masses, radii, spin/parities, deformations, single-particle schemes, matter densities, nuclear level densities, E1 strength functions, fission properties, and partition functions are provided for all nuclei lying between the proton and neutron drip lines over the 8 ≤ Z ≤ 110 range, whose evaluation is based on a unique microscopic model that ensures a good compromise between accuracy, reliability, and feasibility. In addition, these various ingredients are used to calculate about 100 000 Hauser-Feshbach neutron-, proton-, α-, and γ-induced reaction rates based on the reaction code TALYS. NACRE is superseded by the NACRE II compilation for 15 charged-particle transfer reactions and 19 charged-particle radiative captures on stable targets with mass numbers A < 16. NACRE II features the inclusion of experimental data made available after the publication of NACRE in 1999 and up to 2011. In addition, the extrapolation of the available data to the very low energies of astrophysical relevance is improved through the systematic use of phenomenological potential models. Uncertainties in the rates are also evaluated on this basis. Finally, the latest release v10.0 of the web-based tool NETGEN is presented. In addition to the data already used in the previous NETGEN package, it contains in a fully documented form the new BRUSLIB and NACRE II data, as well as new experiment-based radiative neutron capture cross sections. The full new versions of BRUSLIB, NACRE II, and NETGEN are available electronically from the nuclear database at http://www.astro.ulb.ac.be/NuclearData. The nuclear material is presented in

  7. Multinary I-III-VI2 and I2-II-IV-VI4 Semiconductor Nanostructures for Photocatalytic Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regulacio, Michelle D; Han, Ming-Yong

    2016-03-15

    are the multinary chalcogenide semiconductors (MCSs), which include the ternary I-III-VI2 semiconductors (e.g., AgGaS2, CuInS2, and CuInSe2) and the quaternary I2-II-IV-VI4 semiconductors (e.g., Cu2ZnGeS4, Cu2ZnSnS4, and Ag2ZnSnS4). These inorganic compounds consist of environmentally benign elemental components, exhibit excellent light-harvesting properties, and possess band gap energies that are well-suited for solar photon absorption. Moreover, the band structures of these materials can be conveniently modified through alloying to boost their ability to harvest visible photons. In this Account, we provide a summary of recent research on the use of ternary I-III-VI2 and quaternary I2-II-IV-VI4 semiconductor nanostructures for light-induced photocatalytic applications, with focus on hydrogen production and organic dye degradation. We include a review of the solution-based methods that have been employed to prepare multinary chalcogenide semiconductor nanostructures of varying compositions, sizes, shapes, and crystal structures, which are factors that are known to have significant influence on the photocatalytic activity of semiconductor photocatalysts. The enhancement of photocatalytic performance through creation of hybrid nanoscale architectures is also presented. Lastly, views on the current challenges and future directions are discussed in the concluding section.

  8. Study of CeO{sub x}, PrO{sub x}, and Ce{sub x}Pr{sub 1-x}O{sub 2-{delta}} films on Si(111) by means of high-energetic X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; Untersuchung von CeO{sub x}-, PrO{sub x}- und Ce{sub x}Pr{sub 1-x}O{sub 2-{delta}}- Filmen auf Si (111) mittels hochenergetischer Roentgen-Photoelektronenspektroskopie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allahgholi, Aschkan

    2013-03-15

    The intention of this work is to shed light on two much discussed topics in the study of rare earth oxides (REO) by hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES): (i) Due to the complex spectral shape of the Ce3d region, there have been many discussions on proper approaches to determine the concentration of Ce{sup 3+} and Ce{sup 4+} species in CeO{sub x} over the last decades. (ii) Recently, the true electron structure of rare earth oxides gained new attention, since ab initio calculations showed the necessity of considering additional inter atomic charge transfer to Ce5d levels. Using HAXPES and resonant HAXPES, the question of the true electronic structure of rare earth oxides is approached from the experimental side. As a third topic, the obtained results for cerium oxide and praseodymium oxide are applied in order to investigate the plasma oxidized mixed oxide Ce{sub x}Pr{sub 1-x}O{sub 2-{delta}} grown on Si(111) during thermal reduction. (orig.)

  9. Uptake of copper and cerium by alfalfa, lettuce and cucumber exposed to nCeO2 and nCuO through the foliage or the roots: Impacts on food quality, physiological and agronomical parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Jie

    Nanotechnology is increasingly attracting attention not only for its variety of applications in modern life, but for the potential negative effects that nanomaterials (NMs) can cause in the environment and human health. Studies have shown varied effects of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) on plants; however, most of these studies focused on the interaction of NPs with plants at root level. The increasing production and use of NPs have also increased the atmospheric amounts of NPs, which could be taken up by plants through their leaves. Cucumbers (Cucumis sativus L.) are broad leaf plants commonly grown both commercially and in home vegetable gardens that can be easily impacted by atmospheric NPs. However, there is limited information about the potential effects of these atmospheric NPs on cucumber. This research was aimed to determine (I) the possible uptake and translocation of cerium (Ce) by cucumber plants exposed to nCeO 2 (cerium dioxide nanoparticles, nanoceria) through the foliage, (II) the impacts of the NPs on physiological parameters of the plants and the effects on the nutritional value and quality of the fruits, and (III) the effects of seven copper compounds/nanoparticles applied to the growth medium of lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and alfalfa (Medicago sativa). For aim I, 15 day-old hydroponically grown cucumber plants were exposed to nCeO2, either as powder at 0.98 and 2.94 g/m3 or suspensions at 20, 40, 80, 160, 320 mg/l. Ce uptake was analyzed by using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The activity of three stress enzymes was measured by UV/Vis. Ce was detected in all cucumber tissues and TEM images showed the presence of Ce in roots. Results suggested nCeO2 penetrated plants through leaves and moved to other plant parts. The biochemical assays showed nCeO2 also modified stress enzyme activities. For aim II, 15 day-old soil grown cucumber plants were foliar treated, separately

  10. Advance of CE and CEC in phytochemical analysis (2012–2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jing; Hu, De-jun; Lao, Kameng; Yang, Zong-mei; Li, Shao-ping

    2014-01-01

    This article presents an overview of the advance of CE and CEC in phytochemical analysis, based on the literature not mentioned in our previous review papers [Chen, X. J., Zhao, J., Wang, Y. T., Huang, L. Q., Li, S. P., Electrophoresis 2012, 33, 168–179], mainly covering the years 2012–2013. In this article, attention is paid to online preconcentration, rapid separation, and sensitive detection. Selected examples illustrate the applicability of CE and CEC in biomedical, pharmaceutical, environmental, and food analysis. Finally, some general conclusions and future perspectives are given.

  11. Anchoring noble metal nanoparticles on CeO2 modified reduced graphene oxide nanosheets and their enhanced catalytic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Zhenyuan; Shen, Xiaoping; Xu, Yuling; Zhu, Guoxing; Chen, Kangmin

    2014-10-15

    The strategy of structurally integrating noble metal, metal oxide, and graphene is expected to offer prodigious opportunities toward emerging functions of graphene-based nanocomposites. In this study, we develop a facile two-step approach to disperse noble metal (Pt and Au) nanoparticles on the surface of CeO2 functionalized reduced graphene oxide (RGO) nanosheets. It is shown that Pt and Au with particle sizes of about 5 and 2nm are well dispersed on the surface of RGO/CeO2. The reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) to 4-aminophenol (4-AP) by NaBH4 was used as a model reaction to quantitatively evaluate the catalytic properties of the as-synthesized RGO/Pt/CeO2 and RGO/Au/CeO2 ternary nanocomposites. In such triple-component catalysts, CeO2 nanocrystals provide unique and critical roles for optimizing the catalytic performance of noble metallic Pt and Au, allowing them to express enhanced catalytic activities in comparison with RGO/Pt and RGO/Au catalysts. In addition, a possible mechanism for the enhanced catalytic activities of the RGO/Pt/CeO2 and RGO/Au/CeO2 ternary catalysts in the reduction of 4-NP is proposed. It is expected that our prepared graphene-based triple-component composites, which inherit peculiar properties of graphene, metal oxide, and noble metal, are attractive candidates for catalysis and other applications.

  12. Synthesis and electrochemical properties of CeO{sub 2} nanoparticle modified TiO{sub 2} nanotube arrays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wen Hao [Key Lab of Inorganic Functional Materials and Devices, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Liu Zhifu; Yang Qunbao [Key Lab of Inorganic Functional Materials and Devices, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Li Yongxiang, E-mail: yxli@mail.sic.ac.c [Key Lab of Inorganic Functional Materials and Devices, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Yu, Jerry [Sensor Technology Lab., School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne 3001 (Australia)

    2011-02-28

    In this paper, a cerium dioxide (CeO{sub 2}) modified titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}) nanotube array film was fabricated by electrodeposition of CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles onto an anodized TiO{sub 2} nanotube array. The structural investigation by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy indicated that the CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles grew uniformly on the walls of the TiO{sub 2} nanotubes. The composite was composed of cubic-phase CeO{sub 2} crystallites and anatase-phase TiO{sub 2} after annealing at 450 {sup o}C. The cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometric charge/discharge measurement results indicated that the CeO{sub 2} modification obviously increased the charge storage capacity of the TiO{sub 2} nanotubes. The charge transfer process at the surface, that is, the pseudocapacitance, was the dominate mechanism of the charge storage in CeO{sub 2}-modified TiO{sub 2} nanotubes. The greater number of surface active sites resulting from uniform application of the CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles to the well-aligned TiO{sub 2} nanotubes contributed to the enhancement of the charge storage density.

  13. II-VI semiconductor compounds

    CERN Document Server

    1993-01-01

    For condensed matter physicists and electronic engineers, this volume deals with aspects of II-VI semiconductor compounds. Areas covered include devices and applications of II-VI compounds; Co-based II-IV semi-magnetic semiconductors; and electronic structure of strained II-VI superlattices.

  14. Natural perovskite: (CaII0.95 (1CeIII0.011 (2NaI0.010 (4(FeIII0.022 (2TiIV0.98 (1O3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson G. Fernandes

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available A natural sample of perovskite (calcium caesium sodium iron titanium oxide from the Tapira Alkaline Complex in southeastern Brazil was found by electron microprobe analysis to have the chemical formula (Ca2+0.95 (1Ce3+0.011 (2Na+0.010 (4(Fe3+0.022 (2Ti4+0.98 (1O2−3 and by IR spectroscopy to be an anhydrous mineral. Oxygen anions are arranged around Ti4+ in an almost perfect octahedron and around Ca2+ in a distorted 12-fold polyhedron.

  15. cDNA library Table: ce-- [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ce-- NA ce-- C202 x J201 compound eyes mixture of fifth instar larval stage to pupa...l stage mixed pBluescript SK- EcoR1 for 5' Xho1for 3' sequenced from T3 primer (5' -> 3') BP117205-BP118782 ce--[number] ...

  16. Evaluation of Ce:SrAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} crystalline scintillators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakauchi, Daisuke, E-mail: nakauchi.daisuke.mv7@ms.naist.jp [Graduate School of Materials Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST), 8916-5 Takayama, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192 (Japan); Okada, Go [Graduate School of Materials Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST), 8916-5 Takayama, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192 (Japan); Koshimizu, Masanori [Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, 6-6-07 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan); Yanagida, Takayuki [Graduate School of Materials Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST), 8916-5 Takayama, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192 (Japan)

    2016-06-15

    In this study, Ce-doped SrAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} (Ce:SrAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}) crystals were prepared by a floating zone (FZ) method and experimental evaluations were performed for scintillator applications. In photoluminescence (PL) with an excitation around 320 nm, an intense broad emission peak appears around 380 nm due to the 5d-4f transitions. The PL decay time constants are approximately 30 ns. The X-ray induced scintillation spectrum also shows an intense broad emission peak around 380 nm. Among the samples evaluated with different concentrations of Ce, the absolute light yield under {sup 137}Cs is considerably high (∼3900 ph/MeV) when the concentration of Ce is 1.0%. In thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) after X-ray irradiation, strong TSL glow peaks are observed at 110, 210 and 330 °C. The samples also shows optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) after X-ray irradiation, in which the emission appears around 380 nm due to the 5d-4f emission bands of Ce{sup 3+} while the samples is exposed to the stimulation light at 655 nm.

  17. Growing trend of CE at the omics level: the frontier of systems biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Eulsik; Hasan, Md Nabiul; Jamshed, Muhammad; Park, Soo Hyun; Hong, Hye-Min; Song, Eun Joo; Yoo, Young Sook

    2010-01-01

    In a novel attempt to comprehend the complexity of life, systems biology has recently emerged as a state-of-the-art approach for biological research in contrast to the reductionist approaches that have been used in molecular cell biology since the 1950s. Because a massive amount of information is required in many systems biology studies of life processes, we have increasingly come to depend on techniques that provide high-throughput omics data. CE and CE coupled to MS have served as powerful analytical tools for providing qualitative and quantitative omics data. Recent systems biology studies have focused strongly on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The increasing number of clinical research papers on drug discovery and disease therapies reflects this growing interest among scientists. Since such clinical research reflects one of the ultimate purposes of bioscience, these trends will be sustained for a long time. Thus, this review mainly focuses on the application of CE and CE-MS in diagnosis as well as on the latest CE methods developed. Furthermore, we outline the new challenges that arose in 2008 and later in elucidating the system-level functions of the bioconstituents of living organisms.

  18. Strontium superstoichiometry and defect structure of SrCeO3 perovskite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mather, Glenn C; Figueiredo, Filipe M; Paz, Julio Romero de; García-Martín, Susana

    2008-02-04

    Strontium cerate (SrCeO(3)) is the parent phase of a family of prototype proton-conducting perovskites with important potential applications as electrolytes in protonic ceramic fuel cells, hydrogen-separation membranes, and sensors for hydrogen and humidity. Apparent nonstoichiometric behavior and the microstructure of SrCeO(3) have been investigated. Phase analysis by X-ray diffraction indicates that single-phase material in the system Sr(1+x)CeO(3+)delta is obtained for compositions x = 0.02-0.03 and that nominally stoichiometric SrCeO(3) (x = 0) synthesized by either solid-state reaction or the citrate method is Sr-rich. Selected area electron diffraction confirms that the system crystallizes with the GdFeO(3)-type orthorhombic perovskite structure (space group Pnma). Structural defects characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy include twin domain boundaries and SrO-rich, Ruddlesden-Popper-type planar defects. Magnetic susceptibility measurements down to 2 K indicate that the Ce(3+) content is minor ( approximately 0.01 mol per formula unit for slow-cooled material) and does not influence the observed nonstoichiometry.

  19. Stability of Sunscreens Containing CePO4: Proposal for a New Inorganic UV Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor C. Seixas

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Inorganic UV filters have become attractive because of their role in protecting the skin from the damage caused by continuous exposure to the sun. However, their large refractive index and high photocatalytic activity have led to the development of alternative inorganic materials such as CePO4 for application as UV filters. This compound leaves a low amount of white residue on the skin and is highly stable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical and chemical stability of a cosmetic formulation containing ordinary organic UV filters combined with 5% CePO4, and, to compare it with other formulations containing the same vehicle with 5% TiO2 or ZnO as inorganic materials. The rheological behavior and chemical stability of the formulations containing these different UV filters were investigated. Results showed that the formulation containing CePO4 is a promising innovative UV filter due to its low interaction with organic filters, which culminates in longer shelf life when compared with traditional formulations containing ZnO or TiO2 filters. Moreover, the recognized ability of CePO4 to leave a low amount of white residue on the skin combined with great stability, suggests that CePO4 can be used as inorganic filter in high concentrations, affording formulations with high SPF values.

  20. Stability of engineered nanomaterials in complex aqueous matrices: Settling behaviour of CeO2 nanoparticles in natural surface waters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Koetsem, Frederik; Verstraete, Simon; Van der Meeren, Paul; Du Laing, Gijs

    2015-10-01

    The stability of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) in complex aqueous matrices is a key determinant of their fate and potential toxicity towards the aquatic environment and human health. Metal oxide nanoparticles, such as CeO2 ENPs, are increasingly being incorporated into a wide range of industrial and commercial applications, which will undoubtedly result in their (unintentional) release into the environment. Hereby, the behaviour and fate of CeO2 ENPs could potentially serve as model for other nanoparticles that possess similar characteristics. The present study examined the stability and settling of CeO2 ENPs (7.3±1.4 nm) as well as Ce(3+) ions in 10 distinct natural surface waters during 7d, under stagnant and isothermal experimental conditions. Natural water samples were collected throughout Flanders (Belgium) and were thoroughly characterized. For the majority of the surface waters, a substantial depletion (>95%) of the initially added CeO2 ENPs was observed just below the liquid surface of the water samples after 7d. In all cases, the reduction was considerably higher for CeO2 ENPs than for Ce(3+) ions (CeO2 ENPs (R(2)≥0.998) and Ce(3+) ions (R(2)≥0.812) from the water column, at least in case notable sedimentation occurred over time. Solution-pH appeared to be a prime parameter governing nanoparticle colloidal stability. Moreover, the suspended solids (TSS) content also seemed to be an important factor affecting the settling rate and residual fraction of CeO2 ENPs as well as Ce(3+) ions in natural surface waters. Correlation results also suggest potential association and co-precipitation of CeO2 ENPs with aluminium- and iron-containing natural colloidal material. The CeO2 ENPs remained stable in dispersion in surface water characterized by a low pH, ionic strength (IS), and TSS content, indicating the eventual stability and settling behaviour of the nanoparticles was likely determined by a combination of physicochemical parameters. Finally, ionic

  1. Effect of CeO2 on the Property of Zn-Ni/CeO2 Composite Coating%CeO2对Zn-Ni/CeO2复合镀层的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑振; 李宁; 黎德育; 孟繁宇

    2012-01-01

    采用电沉积方法,通过向镀液中加入不同粒径的CeO2颗粒,制得Zn-Ni/微米CeO2复合镀层和Zn-Ni/纳米CeO2复合镀层,研究了CeO2粒子的大小和加入量对镀层微观形貌、相组成、CeO2在镀层中的复合量以及镀层耐蚀性的影响.结果表明:大量加入CeO2,可使镀层呈现块状的“饼干”结构,并能提高镀层的耐蚀性,此外还可以抑制Ni的沉积,加入10 g/L纳米CeO2时,镀层的合金相主要为Ni2Zn11相,其它Zn-Ni合金相则较少;相比之下,在提高镀层CeO2复合量方面,微米级CeO2效果较好,在提高镀层耐蚀性方面,纳米级CeO2的效果较好.%The Ni-Zn/micro-CeO2 composite material and Ni-Zn/nano-CeO2 composite material were produced by electrodeposition method through adding micro- and nano-CeO2 particles in the Zn-Ni plating bath. The effects of the diameter and the concentration of the CeO2 particles on the microtopography, phase component, CeO2 content and the corrosion resistance of the Ni-Zn coating were studied. The result shows that when the concentration of the CeO2 particles is high, the Ni deposition is inhibited; The composite coatings are characterized with laminate morphology with good corrosion resistance. When the concentration of the nano-CeO2 particles is 10 g/L, the major alloy phase is Ni2Zn11. Compared with the nano-composite coating, the CeO2 content is larger in the micro-CeO2 composite coating. But the corrosion resistance of the nano-CeO2 composite coating is larger than that of the micro-CeO2 ones.

  2. Local character of the highest antiferromagnetic Ce-system CeTi{1-x}Sc{x} Ge

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The highest antiferromagnetic (AFM) temperature in Ce based compounds has been reported for CeScGe with Tn=47K, but its local or itinerant nature was not deeply investigated yet. In order to shed more light into this unusually high ordering temperature we have investigated structural, magnetic, transport and thermal properties of CeTi{1-x}Sc{x}Ge alloys within the range of stability of the CeScSi-type structure: 0.25

  3. Phase transition and possible metallization in CeVO{sub 4} under pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garg, Alka B., E-mail: alkagarg@barc.gov.in [High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra (India); Shanavas, K.V. [High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra (India); Wani, B.N. [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra (India); Sharma, Surinder M. [High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, Maharashtra (India)

    2013-07-15

    Phase stability of CeVO{sub 4} under pressure has been investigated using synchrotron based angle dispersive x-ray diffraction (ADXRD), electrical resistance and first principles calculations. The results indicate that the ambient zircon structure of the compound transforms to a low symmetry monoclinic monazite phase beyond 3.8 GPa with nearly 8.6% volume discontinuity. Beyond 11 GPa, the pattern could be fitted to a similar monazite structure which is about 12.7% denser and has a much larger monoclinic beta angle. On pressure release the first monoclinic phase is recovered. The electrical resistance data show a large drop in resistance with pressure indicating substantial narrowing down of the band gap. Electronic structure calculations support these observations and suggest possible pressure induced metallization in this material. - Pressure induced structural phase transition in CeVO{sub 4} as observed by x- ray diffraction (pressure vs. volume) and possible metallization in CeVO{sub 4} through electrical resistance and first principles electronic structure calculations. - Highlights: • Structural and electrical behavior of CeVO{sub 4} under pressure studied using x-ray diffraction and electrical resistance measurements and first principles calculations. • Two successive structural transitions confirmed by experiment and theory: zircon–monazite I–monazite II. • Band gap collapse and possible metallization is indicated by electrical resistance measurements and electronic structure calculations under pressure. • Novel observation of lower bulk modulus in the high pressure phase (both by experiment and calculations) explained through structural analysis.

  4. Robust detection of gearbox deterioration using compromised autoregressive modeling and Kolmogorov Smirnov test statistic. Part II: Experiment and application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Yimin; Mechefske, Chris K.

    2007-07-01

    Optimal maintenance decision analysis is heavily dependent on the accuracy of condition indicators. A condition indicator that is subject to such varying operating conditions as load is unable to provide precise condition information of the monitored object for making optimal operational maintenance decisions even if the maintenance program is established within a rigorous theoretical framework. For this reason, the performance of condition monitoring techniques applied to rotating machinery under varying load conditions has been a long-term concern and has attracted intensive research interest. Part I of this study proposed a novel technique based on adaptive autoregressive modeling and hypothesis tests. The method is able to automatically search for the optimal time-series model order and establish a compromised autoregressive model fitting based on the healthy gear motion residual signals under varying load conditions. The condition of the monitored gearbox is numerically represented by a modified Kolmogorov-Smirnov test statistic. Part II of this study is devoted to applications of the proposed technique to entire lifetime condition detection of three gearboxes with distinct physical specifications, distinct load conditions, and distinct failure modes. A comprehensive and thorough comparative study is conducted between the proposed technique and several counterparts. The detection technique is further enhanced by a proposed method to automatically identify and generate fault alerts with the aid of the Wilcoxon rank-sum test and thus requires no supervision from maintenance personnel. Experimental analysis demonstrated that the proposed technique applied to automatic identification and generation of fault alerts also features two highly desirable properties, i.e. few false alerts and early alert for incipient faults. Furthermore, it is found that the proposed technique is able to identify two types of abnormalities, i.e. strong ghost components abruptly

  5. 固体透氧膜法直接还原NiO-CeO_2制备CeNi_5合金%DIRECT ELECTROCHEMICAL REDUCTION OF Nio-CeO_2 POWDER FOR PREPARATION OF CeNi_5 ALLOY BY SOLID-OXYGEN-ION CONDUCTING MEMBRANE PROCESS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵炳建; 鲁雄刚; 李重河; 钟庆东

    2009-01-01

    Ce-Ni base alloy CeNi_5 is often used as the hydrogen storage alloy in Ni-H batteries. Its application is more or less limited by the high cost in the traditional preparing process. Therefore, lots of researchers have paid more attention to develop a novel process with high production efficiency and low cost. The goal of the present research was to demonstrate the technical viability of a new process (solid-oxygen-ion conducting membrane process, I.e., SOM process) for the production of CeNi_5 alloy directly from its oxide precursors. This process was improved on the basis of FFC process (Fray-Farthing-Chen Cambridge process): (1) the preparation of cathode was the same as that in FFC process, (2) Cu (or Sn) liquid saturated with carbon was used as anode separated from the melt by a yttria-stabilized zirconia tube in which only oxygen-ion was permeated to prevent the side reactions and decomposition of molten salts taking place until a voltage as high as 3.5 V. This paper was focused on the preparation of hydrogen storage alloy CeNi_5 by SOM process, some parameters such as molten salt temperature, electrolytic time, configurations and phase compositions of products were investigated. The results show that NiO-CeO_2 pellets can be completely reduced to CeNi_5 alloy by SOM process. The analysis of phase compositions of intermediate products indicates that the reduction of NiO-CeO_2 starts from NiO, it reduces firstly into Ni, then reacts with newly-formed CeOCl and finally forms CeNi_5. The comparison of FFC and SOM processes shows that for SOM, NiO-CeO_2 pellet (2.5 g) can be completely reduced to CeNi_5 after electrolyzed for 3 h, and the current efficiency is 75.5%, the electrolysis energy consumption is only as low as 4.03 kW·h/kg; while for FFC, it takes 12 h for the same pellet to be reduced to pure CeNi_5, and the current efficiency is 26.1% but the electrolysis energy consumption is 10.27 kW·h/kg. It could be concluded that SOM process has a bright future

  6. Review of ultrasound image guidance in external beam radiotherapy part II: intra-fraction motion management and novel applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Shea, Tuathan; Bamber, Jeffrey; Fontanarosa, Davide; van der Meer, Skadi; Verhaegen, Frank; Harris, Emma

    2016-04-01

    Imaging has become an essential tool in modern radiotherapy (RT), being used to plan dose delivery prior to treatment and verify target position before and during treatment. Ultrasound (US) imaging is cost-effective in providing excellent contrast at high resolution for depicting soft tissue targets apart from those shielded by the lungs or cranium. As a result, it is increasingly used in RT setup verification for the measurement of inter-fraction motion, the subject of Part I of this review (Fontanarosa et al 2015 Phys. Med. Biol. 60 R77-114). The combination of rapid imaging and zero ionising radiation dose makes US highly suitable for estimating intra-fraction motion. The current paper (Part II of the review) covers this topic. The basic technology for US motion estimation, and its current clinical application to the prostate, is described here, along with recent developments in robust motion-estimation algorithms, and three dimensional (3D) imaging. Together, these are likely to drive an increase in the number of future clinical studies and the range of cancer sites in which US motion management is applied. Also reviewed are selections of existing and proposed novel applications of US imaging to RT. These are driven by exciting developments in structural, functional and molecular US imaging and analytical techniques such as backscatter tissue analysis, elastography, photoacoustography, contrast-specific imaging, dynamic contrast analysis, microvascular and super-resolution imaging, and targeted microbubbles. Such techniques show promise for predicting and measuring the outcome of RT, quantifying normal tissue toxicity, improving tumour definition and defining a biological target volume that describes radiation sensitive regions of the tumour. US offers easy, low cost and efficient integration of these techniques into the RT workflow. US contrast technology also has potential to be used actively to assist RT by manipulating the tumour cell environment and by

  7. Laser properties of yag: Nd, Cr, Ce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kvapil, J.; Kvapil, Jos; Perner, B.; Kubelka, J.; Mánek, B.; Kubeček, V.

    1984-06-01

    Transient absorption of a long lifetime (≧ 20 s) of YAG: Nd is typical of pure material. It is the main reason of thermal deformation of the laser rods accompanied with power decreases at higher CW input. It may be prevented by an admixture of Fe, Ti or Cr. Using a small admixture (≦ 10-3 wt.%) of Ti or Cr the energy transfer among Nd ions and the gain coefficient may be increased. Cr in a higher concentration absorbs the pumping light and serves as earlier described coactivator (sensitizer) only. Fe impurity fully prevents any increase of the gain of YAG: Nd containing Ti or Cr and causes slow but irreversible degradation of the active parameters. Ce favourably modifies properties of YAG: Nd, Cr. YAG: Nd, Cr, Ce free of iron impurity is advisable active material for powerfull CW lasers.

  8. Ce qui se passe dans tes doigts

    OpenAIRE

    Quintans, Santiago; Lähdeoja, Otso

    2010-01-01

    Une question simple, c’est quoi la guitare électrique ? Claude Pavy : C’est une planche avec un manche, des cordes qui font tzing, des micros qui captent tzing, et après on fait joujou avec ça. La guitare électrique c’est d’abord le son. Je dis souvent à mes élèves : « la guitare, cela ne m’intéresse pas ». Alors évidemment, ils me regardent avec des yeux ronds, et ils me disent, « T’es guitariste ? » Oui, mais la guitare en elle-même, cela ne m’intéresse pas. Ce qui m’intéresse, c’est ce qu...

  9. Synthesis, characterization, and exciton dynamics of II-VI semiconducting nanomaterials and ab-initio studies for applications in explosives sensing

    OpenAIRE

    Cooper, Jason Kyle

    2013-01-01

    II-VI semiconducting nanostructures have been intensively researched as promising materials in applications including sensing, light emitting diodes (LEDs), lasers, photoelectrochemical (PEC) materials for water splitting and photo-catalysis, and dye or quantum dot sensitized solar cells. On the nanoscale, structural morphology plays a significant role in determining optical, electronic, and physical properties, and thus consequently affects the ultimate device properties. In zero-d...

  10. SEALDH-II-An Autonomous, Holistically Controlled, First Principles TDLAS Hygrometer for Field and Airborne Applications: Design-Setup-Accuracy/Stability Stress Test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchholz, Bernhard; Kallweit, Sören; Ebert, Volker

    2016-12-30

    Instrument operation in harsh environments often significantly impacts the trust level of measurement data. While commercial instrument manufacturers clearly define the deployment conditions to achieve trustworthy data in typical standard applications, it is frequently unavoidable in scientific field applications to operate instruments outside these commercial standard application specifications. Scientific instrumentation, however, is employing cutting-edge technology and often highly optimized but also lacks long-term field tests to assess the field vs. laboratory performance. Recently, we developed the Selective Extractive Laser Diode Hygrometer (SEALDH-II), which addresses field and especially airborne applications as well as metrological laboratory validations. SEALDH-II targets reducing deviations between airborne hygrometers (currently up to 20% between the most advanced hygrometers) with a new holistic, internal control and validation concept, which guarantees the transfer of the laboratory performance into a field scenario by capturing more than 80 instrument internal "housekeeping" data to nearly perfectly control SEALDH-II's health status. SEALDH-II uses a calibration-free, first principles based, direct Tuneable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (dTDLAS) approach, to cover the entire atmospheric humidity measurement range from about 3 to 40,000 ppmv with a calculated maximum uncertainty of 4.3% ± 3 ppmv. This is achieved not only by innovations in internal instrument monitoring and design, but also by active control algorithms such as a high resolution spectral stabilization. This paper describes the setup, working principles, and instrument stabilization, as well as its precision validation and long-term stress tests in an environmental chamber over an environmental temperature and humidity range of ΔT = 50 K and ΔRH = 80% RH, respectively.

  11. Role of ZnO-CeO_2 Nanostructures as a Photo-catalyst and Chemi-sensor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M. Faisal; Sher Bahadar Khan; Mohammed M. Rahman; Aslam Jamal; Kalsoom Akhtar; M.M. Abdullah

    2011-01-01

    ZnO-CeO2 nanostructures were synthesized by simple and effcient low temperature method. The structure and morphology of the ZnO-CeO2 nanostructures were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), which revealed elongated shaped CeO2 nanoparticles with diameters of 40–90 nm distributed on the surface of elongated ZnO nanostructures with diameters of 50–200 nm (edge–centre). Further the structure of the synthesized ZnO-CeO2 nanostructure was supported by Raman spectra and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). UV-vis absorption spectrum was used to confirm the optical properties of the CeO2 doped ZnO nanostructures. Photo-catalytic activity of CeO2 doped ZnO nanostructure was evaluated by degradation of acridine orange and methylene blue which degraded 84.55% and 48.65% in 170 min, respectively. ZnO-CeO2 nanostructures also showed good sensitivity (0.8331 μA·cm-2·(mol/l)-1) in short response time (10 s) by applying to chemical sensing using ethanol as a target compound by I-V technique. These degradation and chemical sensing properties of ZnO-CeO2 nanostructures are of great importance for the application of ZnO-CeO2 system as a photo-catalyst and chemical sensor.

  12. The CeDRES data portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albert-Aguilar, Alexandre; Delmotte, Pauline; André, François; Brissebrat, Guillaume; Canonici, Jean-Christophe; Piguet, Bruno

    2016-04-01

    SAFIRE is the French facility dedicated to airborne measurement for environmental research. The SAFIRE steering committee decided that access to its archives should be improved. If certain data, including recent campaigns, are available online, access to them is difficult for users because these data are dispersed in as many data portals as campaigns. Most of projects are not able to keep medium to long term online access to their database. Therefore, many airborne data, particularly the oldest, are not available online, stored on media whose sustainability is not guaranteed. SAFIRE also decided to identify old data stored in Meudon (France) on paper and hard media and to rescue with the help of an archivist. At the same time, the development of a centralized digital archive - containing data collected with the Fokker - 27 " ARAT " and Merlin IV aircraft - associated to a web portal was given to SEDOO. The first part of the project consisted in modelling the database. The second part, still in progess, was the development of the CeDRES (Centre de Données aéRoportées & SAFIRE) portal (http://cedres.sedoo.fr) which is responsive and bilingual (French and English) ; and metadata standardization (iso 19115). The main objectives of this project are data preservation and open data access. A first test version of CeDRES portal will be release in mid-February 2016. And operational version is planned for summer 2016. In the future, CeDRES portal will be able to receive and to distribute metadata and data of aircraft currently in service (FALCON-20, ATR-42 and PiperAztec-23). The interoperability implementation and data homogenization are planned in the medium term. The CeDRES portal is part of the French atmospheric chemistry data center AERIS (http://www.aeris-data.fr). Every scientist is invited to browse the catalog and use CEDRES data. Feel free to contact cedres-contact@sedoo.fr for any question.

  13. Application of Fe(VI) in the treatment of Zn(II)-NTA complexes in aqueous solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, J; Tiwari, D; Yu, M; Pachuau, L; Kim, W; Lee, S

    2010-06-01

    The higher oxidation state of iron, i.e. Fe(VI), was exploited to treat the synthetic wastewater containing Zn(II)-NTA. The decomposition of Zn(II)-NTA by Fe(VI) was investigated with the help of analytical data obtained for the change in Fe(VI) concentration, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and total soluble Zn(II) concentration as a function of time at various concentrations of Zn(II)-NTA and at constant Fe(VI) concentration. The UV-Visible data was used to explain the reaction kinetics for redox reactions between Fe(VI) and Zn(II)-NTA. The pseudo-first-order rate constant was calculated keeping the Zn(II)-NTA concentration in excess and hence the overall second-order-rate constant was obtained. Fe(VI) reduction was almost unaffected with the 1000 times increase in ionic strength (NaNO3), as well as in the presence of completely oxidized background electrolytes. However, Fe(VI) reduction was greatly affected in the presence of both SO3(2-) and NO2(-) especially at higher concentrations, indicating a competitive reduction took place between Zn(II)-NTA and Na2SO3 or NaNO2 in the Fe(VI) treatment. These results were again supported by the dissolved organic carbon observations since relatively very low removal of the dissolved organic carbon occurred in the presence of Na2SO3 and NaNO2.

  14. CeF3-based glass ceramic: a potential luminescent host for white-light-emitting diode.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Daqin; Yu, Yunlong; Lin, Hang; Huang, Ping; Weng, Fangyi; Shan, Zhifa; Wang, Yuansheng

    2009-10-01

    Rare earth (RE) ion doped glass ceramics containing hexagonal CeF(3) nanocrystals with a mean size of 12 nm were fabricated. Using Eu(3+) as the structural probe, Stark splitting emissions and the low forced electric dipole D5(0)-->F7(2) transition of Eu(3+) revealed the partition of RE ions into low-phonon-energy CeF(3) nanocrystals. Efficient energy transfers from Ce(3+) to Tb(3+) or Dy(3+) were found, and the energy transfer efficiency was evaluated. Under ultraviolet excitation, intense white-light emission was observed in Dy(3+)-doped samples owing to Dy(3+) resided in CeF(3) crystalline environment, indicating their potential application in white-light-emitting diodes.

  15. Enhanced Visible-Light Photocatalytic Activity of C/Ce-Codoped ZnO Nanoellipsoids Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ha, Luu Thi Viet; Dai, Luu Minh; Nhiem, Dao Ngoc; Van Cuong, Nguyen

    2016-08-01

    C/Ce-codoped ZnO nanomaterial has been synthesized by a hydrothermal method and its physical properties and characterization investigated using thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), x-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The photocatalytic activity of the nanomaterial was examined using methylene blue as organic dye under visible-light source. The results show that the C/Ce-codoped ZnO nanomaterial exhibited higher photocatalytic activity under visible-light irradiation compared with undoped ZnO, Ce-doped ZnO or C-doped ZnO nanomaterials. Such enhancement of the photocatalytic activity of C/Ce-codoped ZnO under visible-light irradiation suggests that these nanoparticles might have good applications in optoelectronics and wastewater treatment.

  16. Study of linearity and internal background for LaBr3(Ce) γ-ray scintillation detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavagno, A.; Gervino, G.; Scarfone, A.

    2013-08-01

    Cerium-doped lanthanum bromide, LaBr3(Ce), crystal is the latest among the scintillation counters and shows same attracting properties for γ spectroscopy that makes it a suitable solution for security, medical, geophysics and high energy physics applications. LaBr3(Ce) exhibits a proportional light yield response to γ-ray energy. Very good linearity was seen up to 2 MeV. LaBr3(Ce) has also relatively high intrinsic radiation background due to naturally occurring 138La and 227Ac radioisotopes. A good use of LaBr3(Ce) needs an accurate determination of the self-activity, particularly when low background is required or when events are collected at very low trigger rates. The impact of internal background on energy resolution and linearity is discussed.

  17. Structure and antibacterial activity of Ce~(3+) exchanged montmorillonites

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OUYANG Yousheng; XIE Yushan; TAN Shaozao; SHI Qingshan; CHEN Yiben

    2009-01-01

    Four kinds of Ce~(3+) exchanged montmorillonites(Ce/MMTs) were prepared by an ion-exchange reaction, and characterized with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), X-ray difference (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron micros-copy (SEM). The surface properties and antibacterial activity of Ce/MMTs were also investigated. The chemical compositions of Ce/MMTs were determined, and the cerium of Ce/MMTs was confirmed to be present as trivalent cerium state. The d001 basal spacings of Ce/MMTs were enlarged with the enhancement of the cerium contents, and the particles were formed with irregular shape. On increasing the Ce con-tents of Ce/MMTs, the special surface areas were decreased, but the total pore volumes and the average pore sizes were increased. The anti-bacterial activity of Ce/MMTs is increased with increasing the cerium contents, and 1.5g/L of Ce/MMT-3 containing 11.46wt.% of curium could remove all the Staphylococcus aureus and more than 99.9% of the Escherichia coli within 24.0 h of contact. Moreover, Ce/MMTs dis-played bactericidal activity.

  18. [Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on the Growth and Ce Uptake of Maize Grown in Ce-contaminated Soils].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Fang; Guo, Weil; Ma, Peng-kun; Pan, Liang; Zhang, Jun

    2016-01-15

    A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi Glomus aggregatum (GA) and Funneliformis mosseae (FM) on AM colonization rate, biomass, nutrient uptake, C: N: P stoichiometric and Ce uptake and transport by maize (Zea mays L.) grown in soils with different levels of Ce-contaminated (100, 500 and 1000 mg x kg(-1)). The aim was to provide basic data and technical support for the treatment of soils contaminated by rare earth elements. The results indicated that symbiotic associations were successfully established between the two isolates and maize, and the average AM colonization rate ranged from 7. 12% to 74.47%. The increasing concentration of Ce in soils significantly decreased the mycorrhizal colonization rate, biomass, nutrition contents and transport rate of Ce from root to shoot of maize, and significantly increased C: P and N: P ratios and Ce contents in shoot and root of maize. Both AM fungi inoculations promoted the growth of maize, but the promoting role of FM was more significant than that of GA in severe Ce-contaminated soils. There were no significant differences in the growth of maize between two AM fungi in mild and moderate Ce-contaminated soils. Inoculation with AM fungi significantly improved nutritional status of maize by increasing nutrient uptake and decreasing C: N: P ratios. GA was more efficient than FM in enhancing nutrient uptake in mild and moderate Ce-contaminated soils, while FM was more efficient in severe Ce-contaminated soils. Moreover, inoculation with AM fungi significantly increased Ce contents of shoot and root in mild Ce-contaminated soils, but had no significant effect on Ce contents of maize in moderate and severe Ce-contaminated soils, and promoted the transport of Ce from root to shoot. The experiment demonstrates that AM fungi can alleviate toxic effects of Ce on plants and have a potential role in the phytoremediation of soils contaminated by rare earth elements.

  19. Databases and tools for nuclear astrophysics applications BRUSsels Nuclear LIBrary (BRUSLIB), Nuclear Astrophysics Compilation of REactions II (NACRE II) and Nuclear NETwork GENerator (NETGEN)

    CERN Document Server

    Xu, Yi; Jorissen, Alain; Chen, Guangling; Arnould, Marcel; 10.1051/0004-6361/201220537

    2012-01-01

    An update of a previous description of the BRUSLIB+NACRE package of nuclear data for astrophysics and of the web-based nuclear network generator NETGEN is presented. The new version of BRUSLIB contains the latest predictions of a wide variety of nuclear data based on the most recent version of the Brussels-Montreal Skyrme-HFB model. The nuclear masses, radii, spin/parities, deformations, single-particle schemes, matter densities, nuclear level densities, E1 strength functions, fission properties, and partition functions are provided for all nuclei lying between the proton and neutron drip lines over the 8<=Z<=110 range, whose evaluation is based on a unique microscopic model that ensures a good compromise between accuracy, reliability, and feasibility. In addition, these various ingredients are used to calculate about 100000 Hauser-Feshbach n-, p-, a-, and gamma-induced reaction rates based on the reaction code TALYS. NACRE is superseded by the NACRE II compilation for 15 charged-particle transfer react...

  20. Water Dissociation on CeO2(100) and CeO2(111) Thin Films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mullins, David R [ORNL; Albrecht, Peter M [ORNL; Chen, Tsung-Liang [ORNL; Calaza, Florencia C [ORNL; Biegalski, Micahel [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Christen, Hans [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    This study reports and compares the adsorption and dissociation of water on oxidized and reduced CeO{sub 2}(100) and CeO{sub 2}(111) thin films. Water adsorbs dissociatively on both surfaces. On fully oxidized CeO{sub 2}(100) the resulting surface hydroxyls are relatively stable and recombine and desorb as water over a range from 200 to 600 K. The hydroxyls are much less stable on oxidized CeO{sub 2}(111), recombining and desorbing between 200 and 300 K. Water produces 30% more hydroxyls on reduced CeO{sub 1.7}(100) than on oxidized CeO{sub 2}(100). The hydroxyl concentration increases by 160% on reduced CeO{sub 1.7}(111) compared to oxidized CeO{sub 2}(111). On reduced CeO{sub 1.7}(100) most of the hydroxyls still recombine and desorb as water between 200 and 750 K. Most of the hydroxyls on reduced CeO{sub 1.7}(111) react to produce H{sub 2} at 560 K, leaving O on the surface. A relatively small amount of H{sub 2} is produced from reduced CeO{sub 1.7}(100) between 450 and 730 K. The differences in the adsorption and reaction of water on CeO{sub X}(100) and CeO{sub X}(111) are attributed to different adsorption sites on the two surfaces. The adsorption site on CeO{sub 2}(100) is a bridging site between two Ce cations. This adsorption site does not change when the ceria is reduced. The adsorption site on CeO{sub 2}(111) is atop a single Ce cation, and the proton is transferred to a surface O in a site between three Ce cations. When the CeO{sub X}(111) is reduced, vacancy sites are produced which allows the water to adsorb and dissociate on the 3-fold Ce cation sites.

  1. Spray deposited CeO2–TiO2 counter electrode for electrochromic devices

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A K Bhosale; S R Kulal; V M Gurame; P S Patil

    2015-04-01

    * = 40.32, * = −1.16, * = −5.65) with steady decrease in relative lightness. Yxy and *** coordinates signify CeO2–TiO2 films and it also exhibits the application as counter electrode in electrochromic smart windows in which they are able to retain their transparency under charge insertion/extraction.

  2. Profile and severity of the patients of intensive care units: prospective application of the APACHE II index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Freitas, Eliane Regina Ferreira Sernache

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed to understand the profile and severity of patients in physiotherapy treatment after their admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) by applying the APACHE II index. One hundred and forty six subjects, with a mean age of 60.5 +/- 19.2 years, were evaluated. The APACHE II index was applied in the first 24 hours to evaluate the severity and mortality risk score. Patients were monitored until hospital discharge or death. The mean APACHE II score was 20+/-7.3 with an estimated risk of death of 32.4% and observed mortality of 58.2%. The mean hospital stay was 27.8+/-25.2 days. The patients in physiotherapy at the institution studied were predominantly male, elderly, from the emergency service for treatment (non-surgical), and had clear severity, suggested by the APACHE II score and the observed mortality.

  3. Systematic study of the synthesis and coordination of 2-(1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-pyridine to Fe(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II); ion-induced folding into helicates, mesocates and larger architectures, and application to magnetism and self-selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Nan; Melan, Caroline F C; Stevenson, Kristina A; Fleischel, Olivier; Guo, Huan; Habib, Fatemah; Holmberg, Rebecca J; Murugesu, Muralee; Mosey, Nicholas J; Nierengarten, Hélène; Petitjean, Anne

    2015-09-07

    With its facile synthesis, the pyridine-1,2,3-triazole chelate is an attractive building block for coordination-driven self-assembly. When two such chelates are bridged by a spacer and exposed to cations of octahedral geometrical preference, they generally self-assemble into dinuclear triple-stranded structures in the solid state and in solution in the presence of non-coordinating counter-ions. In solution, a wider range of architectures may nevertheless form, depending on the nature of the spacer. A systematic study of the spacer and substitution pattern is therefore presented, which allows assessing the various factors affecting self-assembly around the pyridine-1,2,3-triazole chelate, as well as the stereochemical control in these architectures. Applications to chirality, magnetism and system selection are discussed, and involve Fe(ii), Ni(ii), Zn(ii) and Cu(i) cations.

  4. Application of repeated aspartate tags to improving extracellular production of Escherichia coli L-asparaginase isozyme II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sun-Ki; Min, Won-Ki; Park, Yong-Cheol; Seo, Jin-Ho

    2015-11-01

    Asparaginase isozyme II from Escherichia coli is a popular enzyme that has been used as a therapeutic agent against acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Here, fusion tag systems consisting of the pelB signal sequence and various lengths of repeated aspartate tags were devised to highly express and to release active asparaginase isozyme II extracellularly in E. coli. Among several constructs, recombinant asparaginase isozyme II fused with the pelB signal sequence and five aspartate tag was secreted efficiently into culture medium at 34.6 U/mg cell of specific activity. By batch fermentation, recombinant E. coli produced 40.8 U/ml asparaginase isozyme II in the medium. In addition, deletion of the gspDE gene reduced extracellular production of asparaginase isozyme II, indicating that secretion of recombinant asparaginase isozyme II was partially ascribed to the recognition by the general secretion machinery. This tag system composed of the pelB signal peptide, and repeated aspartates can be applied to extracellular production of other recombinant proteins.

  5. Antimicrobial potential of green synthesized CeO2 nanoparticles from Olea europaea leaf extract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maqbool, Qaisar; Nazar, Mudassar; Naz, Sania; Hussain, Talib; Jabeen, Nyla; Kausar, Rizwan; Anwaar, Sadaf; Abbas, Fazal; Jan, Tariq

    2016-01-01

    This article reports the green fabrication of cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) using Olea europaea leaf extract and their applications as effective antimicrobial agents. O. europaea leaf extract functions as a chelating agent for reduction of cerium nitrate. The resulting CeO2 NPs exhibit pure single-face cubic structure, which is examined by X-ray diffraction, with a uniform spherical shape and a mean size 24 nm observed through scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy confirms the characteristic absorption peak of CeO2 NPs at 315 nm. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy reflects stretching frequencies at 459 cm−1, showing utilization of natural components for the production of NPs. Thermal gravimetric analysis predicts the successful capping of CeO2 NPs by bioactive molecules present in the plant extract. The antimicrobial studies show significant zone of inhibition against bacterial and fungal strains. The higher activities shown by the green synthesized NPs than the plant extract lead to the conclusion that they can be effectively used in biomedical application. Furthermore, reduction of cerium salt by plant extract will reduce environmental impact over chemical synthesis.

  6. Electronic structure of CeRu4Sn6: a density functional plus dynamical mean field theory study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wissgott, Philipp; Held, Karsten

    2016-01-01

    The Kondo system CeRu4Sn6 shows a strong anisotropy in its electric, optic and magnetic properties. We employ density functional theory plus dynamical mean field theory and show that the predominant Ce-f state has total angular moment J = 5 / 2 and z-component mJ = ± 1 / 2 in agreement with recent X-ray absorption experiments. There is also an admixture of mJ = ± 3 / 2 which is reduced in favor of mJ = ± 1 / 2 with the onset of the Kondo effect. Even though CeRu4Sn6 has the direct gap of a Kondo insulator through most of the Brillouin zone it remains weakly metallic. This is because of (i) a band crossing in the z-direction and (ii) a negative indirect gap.

  7. Characterization of CeO{sub 2} crystals synthesized with different amino acids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Atla, Shashi B. [Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, National Chung Cheng University, Minhsiung, Chiayi 621, Taiwan (China); Wu, Min-Nan; Pan, Wei; Hsiao, Yu Tang [Department of Physics, National Chung Cheng University, Minhsiung, Chiayi 621, Taiwan (China); Sun, An-Cheng [Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Yuan Ze University, No. 135 Yuan-Tung Road, Chungli, Taoyuan 320, Taiwan (China); Tseng, Min-Jen [Department of Life Science, National Chung Cheng University, 168 University Road, Minhsiung, Chiayi 621, Taiwan (China); Chen, Yen-Ju [Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, National Chung Cheng University, Minhsiung, Chiayi 621, Taiwan (China); Chen, Chien-Yen, E-mail: yen@eq.ccu.edu.tw [Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, National Chung Cheng University, Minhsiung, Chiayi 621, Taiwan (China); Department of Advanced Institute of Manufacturing with High-tech Innovations, National Chung Cheng University, Minhsiung, Chiayi 621, Taiwan (China)

    2014-12-15

    We investigated the relationship between the structures of the CeO{sub 2} products (particle size, morphology and their characteristics) prepared using different amino acids. Cerium hydroxide carbonate precursors were initially prepared by a hydrothermal method and were subsequently converted to CeO{sub 2} by its thermal decomposition. Various amino acids were used as structure-directing agents in the presence of cerium nitrate and urea as precursors. The results indicate morphology selectivity using different amino acids; CeO{sub 2} structures, such as quasi-prism-sphere, straw-bundle, urchin-flower like and polyhedron prisms, indeed could be produced. Raman and photoluminescence studies indicate the presence of oxygen vacancies in the CeO{sub 2} samples. Photoluminescence spectra of CeO{sub 2} with L-Valine exhibit stronger emission compared with other amino acids utilized under this study, indicating the higher degree of defects in these particles. This study clearly indicates that the degree of defects varied in the presence of different amino acids. Improved precision to control the crystal morphology is important in various material applications and our study provides a novel method to achieve this specificity. - Highlights: • We used urea hydrolysis of process for synthesis of CeO{sub 2}. • Structures have been directed using various amino acids. • We obtained straw bundle-like, quasi prism-sphere, polyhedron prisms and urchin flower-like based on amino acids. • We have found that amino acids could achieve the specificity of different degrees of defects. • This could provide the “tailor-make” of cerium crystals.

  8. Influence of nano-structural feature on electrolytic properties in Y2O3 doped CeO2 system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toshiyuki Mori, John Drennan, Yarong Wang, Graeme Auchterlonie, Ji-Guang Li and Anya Yago

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Doped ceria (CeO2 compounds are fluorite type oxides which show oxide ionic conductivity higher than yttria stabilized zirconia, in oxidizing atmosphere. As a consequence of this, considerable interest has been shown in application of these materials for 'low temperature operation (500–650 °C' of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs. In this study, YxCe1−xO2−δ (x=0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2 and 0.25 fine powders were prepared using a carbonate co-precipitation method. The relationship between electrolytic properties and nano-structural features in the sintered bodies was examined. The micro-structures of Y0.05Ce0.95O1.975, Y0.15Ce0.85O1.925 and Y0.25Ce0.75O1.875 as representative three specimens have been investigated in more detail with transmission electron microscopy (TEM. The big diffuse scattering was observed in the background of electron diffraction pattern recorded from Y0.15Ce0.85O1.925 and Y0.25Ce0.75O1.875 sintered bodies. This means that the coherent micro-domain with ordered structure is in the micro-structure. While Y0.25Ce0.75O1.875 sintered body with low conductivity and high activation energy has big micro-domains, the micro-domain size in Y0.15Ce0.85O1.925 with high conductivity and low activation energy was much smaller than that of Y0.25Ce0.75O1.875. TEM observation gives us message that the size of coherent micro-domain with ordered structure would closely relate to the electrolytic properties such as conductivity and activation energy in the specimens. It was concluded that a control of micro-domain size in nano-scale in Y2O3 doped CeO2 system was a key for development of high quality solid electrolyte in fuel cell application.

  9. Electronic structure of LaTe and CeTe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chainani, A., E-mail: chainania@gmail.com [RIKEN SPring-8 Centre, 1-1-1 Kouto, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Oura, M. [RIKEN SPring-8 Centre, 1-1-1 Kouto, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Matsunami, M. [UVSOR Facility, Institute for Molecular Science, Okazaki 444-8585 (Japan); Ochiai, A.; Takahashi, T. [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Tanaka, Y. [RIKEN SPring-8 Centre, 1-1-1 Kouto, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Graduate School of Material Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Hyogo 678-1297 (Japan); Tamasaku, K.; Kohmura, Y.; Ishikawa, T. [RIKEN SPring-8 Centre, 1-1-1 Kouto, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)

    2016-04-15

    Highlights: • Hard X-ray and soft X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of LaTe and CeTe. • Evidence for Kondo screening in antiferromagnetic(T{sub N} = 2.2 K) compound CeTe. • Suppressed Kondo resonance in CeTe compared to typical Kondo materials. - Abstract: We report a comparative study of the electronic structure of the compounds LaTe and CeTe, both of which crystallize in the rock salt structure. LaTe is a paramagnetic metal while CeTe is known to exhibit anomalous Kondo-like transport behaviour and undergoes a transition to a complex magnetically ordered state at low temperature (T{sub N} = 2.2 K). We carry out hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) of the core-levels and valence band of LaTe and CeTe at T = 20 K, in order to characterize their intrinsic electronic structure, and to address the role of Kondo effect on the electronic structure of CeTe. The bulk sensitive core level HAXPES spectra show evidence of screened features in the La 3d and Ce 3d states mixed with plasmon features. From a careful analysis of the Te, La and Ce derived core levels, we separate out the respective origins of the satellites and show that CeTe indeed exhibits definitive but weak f{sup 0} and f{sup 2} satellites due to Kondo screening, in addition to the main f{sup 1} peak. The comparison of the valence band spectra of CeTe obtained using HAXPES and soft X-ray PES clearly identifies the Ce 4f derived features. Resonant photoelectron spectrosocopy across the Ce 3d − 4f threshold confirms the Ce 4f{sup 1} final state at the Fermi level, corresponding to the tail of the Kondo resonance feature which occurs above the Fermi level, while the Ce 4f{sup 0} final state feature is observed at a binding energy of 2.4 eV. The 4f{sup 0} and 4f{sup 1} final states show giant resonances compared to the off-resonant spectra. However, in contrast to typical Kondo systems, the tail of the Ce 4f{sup 1} Kondo resonance at the Fermi level is relatively suppressed compared to the Ce 4f

  10. Thermoelectric transport properties of nanostructured FeSb 2 and Ce-based heavy-fermions CeCu and CeAl 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pokharel, Mani R.

    Thermoelectric (TE) energy conversion is an all-solid-state technology which can convert waste thermal energy into useful electric power and cool ambience without using harmful gases like CFC. Due to their several advantages over traditional energy conversion technologies, thermoelectric generators (TEG) and coolers (TEC) have drawn enormous research efforts. The objective of this work is to find promising materials for thermoelectric cooling applications and optimize their thermoelectric performances. Finding a material with a good value for the thermoelectric figure-of-merit (ZT) at cryogenic temperatures, specifically below 77 K, has been of great interest. This work demonstrates that FeSb2 1, CeCu6 2 and CeAl3 3, all belonging to a class of materials with strongly correlated electron behavior; exhibit promising thermoelectric properties below 77 K. In general, ZT of a TE material can be increased using two basic approaches: lattice thermal conductivity reduction and power factor (PF) enhancement. The results of this study indicate that nanostructuring effectively decreases the thermal conductivity of FeSb2, CeCu6 and CeAl 3 leading to improved ZT. The approach of introducing point-defect scattering to further reduce the thermal conductivity is successfully implemented for Te-substituted FeSb2 nanostructured samples 4. A semiconductor/metal interface has long been proposed to exhibit enhanced thermoelectric properties. We use this technique by introducing Ag-nanoparticles in the host FeSb2 which further increases ZT by 70% 5. Additionally, a detailed investigation is made on the phonon-drag effect as a possible mechanism responsible for the large value of the Seebeck coefficient of FeSb2 6. We show that the phonon-drag mechanism contributes significantly to the large Seebeck effect in FeSb2 and hence this effect cannot be minor as was proposed in literatures previously. A model based on Kapitza-resistance and effective medium approach (EMA) is used to analyze

  11. Comment on "138La-138Ce-136Ce nuclear cosmochronometer of the supernova neutrino process"

    CERN Document Server

    Von Neumann-Cosel, P; Byelikov, A

    2009-01-01

    The nuclear chosmochronometer suggested by Hayakawa et al. [Phys. Rev.C 77, 065802 (2008)] based on the 138La-138Ce-136Ce abundance ratio in presolar grains would be affected by the existence of a hitherto unknown low-energy 1+ state in 138La. Results of a recent high-resolution study of the 138Ba(3He,t) reaction under kinematics selectively populating 1+ states in 138La through Gamow-Teller transitions provides strong evidence against the existence of such a hypothetical state.

  12. Search for double beta decay of $^{136}$Ce and $^{138}$Ce with HPGe gamma detector

    CERN Document Server

    Belli, P; Boiko, R S; Cappella, F; Cerulli, R; Danevich, F A; Incicchitti, A; Kropivyansky, B N; Laubenstein, M; Poda, D V; Polischuk, O G; Tretyak, V I

    2014-01-01

    Search for double $\\beta$ decay of $^{136}$Ce and $^{138}$Ce was realized with 732 g of deeply purified cerium oxide sample measured over 1900 h with the help of an ultra-low background HPGe $\\gamma$ detector with a volume of 465 cm$^3$ at the STELLA facility of the Gran Sasso National Laboratories of the INFN (Italy). New improved half-life limits on double beta processes in the cerium isotopes were set at the level of $\\lim T_{1/2}\\sim 10^{17}-10^{18}$~yr; many of them are even two orders of magnitude larger than the best previous results.

  13. 'Click' generated 1,2,3-triazole based organosulfur/selenium ligands and their Pd(ii) and Ru(ii) complexes: their synthesis, structure and catalytic applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Satyendra; Saleem, Fariha; Singh, Ajai K

    2016-07-28

    1-(2,6-Diisopropylphenyl)-4-(phenylthio/selenomethyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazole (L1/L2) was synthesized by a 'Click' reaction and treated with [Pd(CH3CN)2Cl2] for 5 h or [(η(6)-C6H6)RuCl(μ-Cl)]2 for 8 h (followed by reaction with NH4PF6) at room temperature, resulting in complexes [Pd(L)Cl2] (1 and 2) or [(η(6)-C6H6)Ru(L)Cl]PF6 (3 and 4) (L = L1 or L2), respectively. The four complexes (1-4) and ligands (L1 and L2) were characterized with (1)H, (13)C{(1)H} and (77)Se{(1)H} NMR spectroscopy and high resolution mass spectrometry. The single crystal structures of 1-4 were solved. The geometry of Pd in 1 and 2 is distorted square planar. The Pd-S and Pd-Se bond distances in 1 and 2 are 2.277(3) and 2.384(6) Å respectively. In 3 and 4, there is a pseudo-octahedral "piano-stool" type disposition of donor atoms around Ru. The Ru-S and Ru-Se bond lengths in 3 and 4 are 2.3728(12) and 2.4741(6) Å respectively. The catalytic activity of complexes 1 and 2 was explored for Suzuki-Miyaura coupling (SMC) in water and the Sonogashira coupling reaction. For various aryl bromides, including deactivated ones, complexes 1 and 2 were found to be efficient catalysts for both couplings. The optimum loading of 1 and 2 required to catalyze both coupling reactions is of the order of 0.001-2 mol% of Pd. For SMC, no additive or phase transfer catalyst was added. For catalysis of the transfer hydrogenation (TH) of aldehydes and ketones, the half-sandwich Ru(ii) complexes 3 and 4 were explored. Their optimum catalytic loading was found to be 0.1-0.4 mol% of Ru. For TH, both the water solvent and the glycerol hydrogen source are environmentally friendly. The catalytic efficiencies of 3 and 4 are comparable with those reported for other catalysts for TH carried out with 2-propanol or glycerol as a H-source. 1, with a sulfur ligand, is more efficient than 2 (Se analog) for both SMC and the Sonogashira coupling. The activities of 3 and 4 for TH are in the order Se > S.

  14. Study of Ce-modified antibacterial 316L stainless steel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Junping

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available 316L stainless steel is widely used for fashion jewelry, but it can carry a large number of bacteria and bring the risk of infection since the steel has no antimicrobial performance. In this paper, the effects of Ce on the antibacterial property, corrosion resistance and processability of 316L were studied by microscopic observation, thin-film adhering quantitative bacteriostasis, and electrochemical and mechanical tests. The results show that a trace of Ce can distribute uniformly in the matrix of 316L and slightly improve its corrosion resistance in artificial sweat. With an increase in Ce content, the Ce is prone to form clustering, which degrades the corrosion resistance and the processability. The Ce-containing 316L exhibits Hormesis effect against S. aureus. A small Ce addition stimulates the growth of S. aureus. As the Ce content increases, the modified 316L exhibits an improved antibacterial efficacy. The more Ce is added, the better antibacterial capability is achieved. Overall, if the 316L is modified with Ce alone, it is difficult to obtain the optimal combination of corrosion resistance, antibacterial performance and processability. In spite of that, 0.15 wt.%-0.20 wt.% Ce around is inferred to be the best trade-off.

  15. Unusual physical and chemical properties of Cu in Ce(1-x)Cu(x)O(2) oxides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xianqin; Rodriguez, José A; Hanson, Jonathan C; Gamarra, Daniel; Martínez-Arias, Arturo; Fernandez-García, Marcos

    2005-10-27

    The structural and electronic properties of Ce(1-x)Cu(x)O(2) nano systems prepared by a reverse microemulsion method were characterized with synchrotron-based X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and density functional calculations. The Cu atoms embedded in ceria had an oxidation state higher than those of the cations in Cu(2)O or CuO. The lattice of the Ce(1)(-x)Cu(x)O(2) systems still adopted a fluorite-type structure, but it was highly distorted with multiple cation-oxygen distances with respect to the single cation-oxygen bond distance seen in pure ceria. The doping of CeO(2) with copper introduced a large strain into the oxide lattice and favored the formation of O vacancies, leading to a Ce(1-x)Cu(x)O(2-y) stoichiometry for our materials. Cu approached the planar geometry characteristic of Cu(II) oxides, but with a strongly perturbed local order. The chemical activities of the Ce(1-x)Cu(x)O(2) nanoparticles were tested using the reactions with H(2) and O(2) as probes. During the reduction in hydrogen, an induction time was observed and became shorter after raising the reaction temperature. The fraction of copper that could be reduced in the Ce(1-x)Cu(x)O(2) oxides also depended strongly on the reaction temperature. A comparison with data for the reduction of pure copper oxides indicated that the copper embedded in ceria was much more difficult to reduce. The reduction of the Ce(1-x)Cu(x)O(2) nanoparticles was rather reversible, without the generation of a significant amount of CuO or Cu(2)O phases during reoxidation. This reversible process demonstrates the unusual structural and chemical properties of the Cu-doped ceria materials.

  16. Preparation and characterization of Er3+-Yb3+-Ce3+ co-doped transparent glass ceramic containing nano Ca5(PO4)3F crystals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yongjin; SONG Zhiguo; LI Chen; QIU Jianbei; YANG Zhengwen; YIN Zhaoyi; YANG Yong

    2013-01-01

    A transparent glass ceramic tri-doped with Ce3+/Er3+/yb3+ was fabricated by the high-temperature melting technique and following heat-treatment.X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscope results demonstrated that Ca5(PO4)3F(FAP) nanocrystals,possessed with preferable emission performances for the 1.54 μm transition for doping Er3+,were homogeneously precipitated among the glass matrix with a mean size of 30 nm.Addition of Ce3+ greatly enhanced 1.54 μm fluorescence of Er3+ by the cross relaxation energy transfer between Er3+ and Ce3+.Meanwhile,incorporation of Ce3+ dramatically decreased the visible upconversion emission intensity of glass ceramic than that of glass,suggesting that Ce3+ might incorporate into the FAP nanocrystals.The properties of this transparent glass ceramic showed the potential application as an efficient 980 nm pumped infrared laser medium.

  17. Effects of excited state mixing on transient absorption spectra in dimers Application to photosynthetic light-harvesting complex II

    CERN Document Server

    Valkunas, L; Trinkunas, G; Müller, M G; Holzwarth, A R

    1999-01-01

    The excited state mixing effect is taken into account considering the difference spectra of dimers. Both the degenerate (homo) dimer as well as the nondegenerate (hetero) dimer are considered. Due to the higher excited state mixing with the two-exciton states in the homodimer, the excited state absorption (or the difference spectrum) can be strongly affected in comparison with the results obtained in the Heitler-London approximation. The difference spectrum of the heterodimer is influenced by two resonance effects (i) mixing of the ground state optical transitions of both monomers in the dimer and (ii) mixing of the excited state absorption of the excited monomer with the ground state optical transition in the nonexcited monomer. These effects have been tested by simulating the difference absorption spectra of the light-harvesting complex of photosystem II (LHC II) experimentally obtained with the 60 fs excitation pulses at zero delay times and various excitation wavelengths. The pairs of coupled chlorophylls...

  18. A comparative study of Mn/CeO2, Mn/ZrO2 and Mn/Ce-ZrO2 for low temperature selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3 in the presence of SO2 and H2O.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Boxiong; Zhang, Xiaopeng; Ma, Hongqing; Yao, Yan; Liu, Ting

    2013-04-01

    Ce-ZrO2 is a widely used three-way catalyst support. Because of the large surface area and excellent redox quality, Ce-ZrO2 may have potential application in selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems. In the present work, Ce-ZrO2 was introduced into a low-temperature SCR system and CeO2 and ZrO2 supports were also introduced to make a contrastive study. Mn/CeO2, Mn/ZrO2 and Mn/Ce-ZrO2 were prepared by impregnating these supports with Mn(NO3)2 solution, and have been characterized by N2-BET, XRD, TPR, TPD, XPS, FT-IR and TG. The activity and resistance to SO2 and H2O of the catalysts were investigated. Mn/Ce-ZrO2 and Mn/CeO2 were proved to have better low-temperature activities than Mn/ZrO2, and yielded 98.6% and 96.8% NO conversion at 180 degrees C, respectively. This is mainly because Mn/Ce-ZrO2 and Mn/CeO2 had higher dispersion of manganese oxides, better redox properties and more weakly adsorbed oxygen species than Mn/ZrO2. In addition, Mn/Ce-ZrO2 showed a good resistance to SO2 and H2O and presented 87.1% NO conversion, even under SO2 and H2O treatment for 6 hours, and the activity of Mn/Ce-ZrO2 was almost restored to its original level after cutting off the injection of SO2 and H2O. This was due to the weak water absorption and weak sulfation process on the surface of the catalyst.

  19. Highly active Ce 1- xCu xO 2 nanocomposite catalysts for the low temperature oxidation of CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mai, Hailing; Zhang, Dengsong; Shi, Liyi; Yan, Tingting; Li, Hongrui

    2011-06-01

    A series of Ce 1- xCu xO 2 nanocomposite catalysts with various copper contents were synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method at low temperature without any surfactants, using mixed solutions of Cu(II) and Ce(III) nitrates as metal sources. These bimetal oxide nanocomposites were characterized by means of XRD, TEM, HRTEM, EDS, N 2 adsorption, H 2-TPR and XPS. The influence of Cu loading (5-25 mol%) and calcination temperature on the surface area, particle size and catalytic behavior of the nanocomposites have been discussed. The catalytic activity of Ce 1- xCu xO 2 nanocomposites was investigated using the test of CO oxidation reaction. The optimized performance was achieved for the Ce 0.80Cu 0.20O 2 nanocomposite catalyst, which exhibited superior reaction rate of 11.2 × 10 -4 mmol g -1 s -1 and high turnover frequency of 7.53 × 10 -2 s -1 (1% CO balanced with air at a rate of 40 mL min -1, at 90 °C). No obvious deactivation was observed after six times of catalytic reactions for Ce 0.80Cu 0.20O 2 nanocomposite catalyst.

  20. Performance of Pd/CeO2-ZrO2-Al2O3 catalyst for motorcycle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO; Ming; CHEN; Shanhu; ZHANG; Xiaoyu; GONG; Maochu; CHE

    2009-01-01

    The Pd-only catalysts for motorcycle were prepared by impregnating CeO2-ZrO2-Al2O3 and CeO2-ZrO2+Al2O3 with PdCl2 aque-ous solution and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), oxygen storage capacity (OSC) and H2-temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR) methods. The XRD result indicated that the CeO2-ZrO2-Al2O3 compound prepared by co-precipitation formed a single solid solu-tion and had good thermal stability, and Pd phase was not observed in all catalysts. The TPR results showed that the reduction temperature of Pd/CeO2-ZrO2-Al2O3 catalyst was lower than that of Pd/CeO2-ZrO2+Al2O3 catalyst whether they were fresh or aged catalysts. The Pd/CeO2-ZrO2-Al2O3 exhibited high three-way catalytic activity at low temperature, high thermal stability, and wide working window, sug-gesting a great potential for applications.

  1. Performance of Pd/CeO_2-ZrO_2-Al_2O_3 catalyst for motorcycle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Ming; CHEN Shanhu; ZHANG Xiaoyu; GONG Maochu; CHEN Yaoqiang

    2009-01-01

    The Pd-only catalysts for motorcycle were prepared by impregnating CeO_2-ZrO_2-Al_2O_3 and CeO_2-ZrO_2+Al_2O_3 with PdCl_2 aque-ous solution and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), oxygen storage capacity (OSC) and H_2-temperature-programmed reduction (H_2-TPR) methods. The XRD result indicated that the CeO_2-ZrO_2-Al_2O_3 compound prepared by co-precipitation formed a single solid solu-tion and had good thermal stability, and Pd phase was not observed in all catalysts. The TPR results showed that the reduction temperature of Pd/CeO_2-ZrO_2-Al_2O_3 catalyst was lower than that of Pd/CeO_2-ZrO_2+Al_2O_3 catalyst whether they were fresh or aged catalysts. The Pd/CeO_2-ZrO_2-Al_2O_3 exhibited high three-way catalytic activity at low temperature, high thermal stability, and wide working window, sug-gesting a great potential for applications.

  2. The research of transplant and application of embedded operating system μC/OS-II on C51 kernel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Liangguang; Wang, Cong; Wang, Shenliang; Qu, Qinglin

    2013-03-01

    The paper is based on C8051F-120 hardware platforms. We analyze the real-time kernel of the embedded operating system μC/OS-II, research the transplanted process of μC/OS-II on C51 kernel and discuss problems of transplantation. The transplanted SCM system is applied to DC Electric Load and then we compared the transplanted SCM system with no-transplanted SCM system. Through the test, the stability and the real-time property of the system have been improved greatly.

  3. Facile hydrothermal synthesis of CeO2 nanopebbles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    N Sabari Arul; D Mangalaraj; Jeong In Han

    2015-09-01

    Cerium oxide (CeO2) nanopebbles have been synthesized using a facile hydrothermal method. X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy analyses confirm the presence of CeO2 nanopebbles. XRD shows the formation of cubic fluorite CeO2 and the average particle size estimated from the Scherrer formula was found to be 6.69 nm. X-ray absorption spectrum of CeO2 nanopebbles exhibits two main sharp white lines at 880 and 898 eV due to the spin orbital splitting of 4 and 5. Optical absorption for the synthesized CeO2 nanopebbles exhibited a blue shift (g = 3.35 eV) with respect to the bulk CeO2 (g = 3.19 eV), indicating the existence of quantum confinement effects.

  4. A thermodynamic assessment of Ce-Al system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The optimized descriptions of the phase diagram and thermodynamic properties for Ce-Al system have been obtained from experimental thermodynamic and phase diagram data by means of the computer program THERMO-CALC based on the least squares method, using models for the Gibbs energy of individual phases. The system contains five intermetallic compounds. The calculated standard enthalpies of Ce3Al, CeAl, CeAl2, CeAl3 and Ce3Al11 are -26.7, -48.9, -48.4, -44.0 and -41.7 kJ/mol, respectively. A consistent set of thermodynamic parameters was derived. The optimized and experimental data are in good agreement.

  5. 浅谈血管紧张素Ⅱ受体拮抗剂的合理应用%Study on Reasonable Application of Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonist

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢海宁; 李琛; 王洪静

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: reasonable application of angiotensin II receptor antagonist (ARB) is to be studied.Methods: study on clinical application of angiotensin II receptor antagonist (ARB) in treatment of hypertension, heart failure and keep kidney function. Results: ATl receptor that is able to obstruct Angiotensin II and prevent from combination of Angiotensin II and its receptor in order to expand peripheral vessels and decrease blood pressure, which is protective of kidney. Conclusions: angiotensin II receptor antagonist (ARB) is prevalent in treatment of all types of hypertension and heart failure caused by various reasons, and it is also protective of kidney function; and what’s more, it is conducive to anti-reconstruction of heart and vessels and it is significant to prevent adrenaline release caused by Ang II and renal vessels contractions due to renal nerve stimulus and vessel shrink resulted from vagus nerves stimulus.%目的:探讨血管紧张素Ⅱ受体拮抗剂(ARB)的临床合理应用。方法对血管肾张素II受本拮抗剂对高血压、心力衰竭、保持肾功能等的临床应用进行分析。结果能阻滞血管紧张素Ⅱ的ATl受体,抑制血管紧张素Ⅱ与受体的结合而发挥作用,使外周血管扩张,血压下降。对肾脏有保护作用。结论血管紧张素Ⅱ受体拮抗剂用于治疗各种原因及各种类型的高血压病、心衰,对肾脏有保护作用,具有对抗心脏与血管重构的作用,并能阻滞AngⅡ诱发的肾上腺素释放,抑制因刺激肾脏神经引起的肾血管收缩和刺激交感神经引起的缩血管作用。

  6. Dissolution of Ce from Cd Solution Containing U/Ce Elements by Electrolysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Si Hyung; Kim, Gha-Young; Lee, Seung-jai; Kim, Taek-Jin; Paek, Seungwoo; Ahn, Do-Hee [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    The U-TRU metal alloy can be supplied by the Pyroprocessing, specifically UTRU recovery process using liquid cadmium cathode (LCC). In a certain case, a lot of rare earth (RE) element could be recovered on the LCC with the TRU element during the Pyroprocessing when the concentration of RE ions is higher than that of the TRU ions in the salt. In this case, most of the RE element needs to be removed from the Cd solution containing U/TRU/RE elements. RAR(Residual Actinides Recovery) technique used the mixed electrolytic-chemical process. In this study, only electrolysis technique was utilized to remove Ce element from Cd solution containing U/Ce elements. U-TRU alloy having less impurity is necessary for the fabrication of SFR fuel and these U-TRU elements can be prepared by Pyroprocessing. Electrolytic method was used to reduce the amount of Ce elements from the Cd solution containing U/Ce elements. It is judged from this study that electrolytic dissolution can be one of the methods to reduce RE elements from the Cd solution containing U-TRU-RE elements.

  7. Laser-induced evaporation, reactivity and deposition of ZrO 2, CeO 2, V 2O 5 and mixed Ce-V oxides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flamini, C.; Ciccioli, A.; Traverso, P.; Gnecco, F.; Giardini Guidoni, A.; Mele, A.

    2000-12-01

    It has been found that pulsed laser ablation has good potentiality for the deposition of ZrO2, CeO2, V2O5 and mixed Ce-V oxides which are very important materials for their application in optics and electrochromic devices. Laser induced compositional changes of thin films in the ablation and deposition processes of these materials have been explored. The effect of the oxygen gas pressure on the thin film composition has been examined. The congruency of the process has been treated on the basis of a thermal mechanism of evaporation-decomposition of the compounds. An attempt to model the processes by means of a thermodynamic approach is reported.

  8. Preparation of CdS@CeO2 core/shell composite for photocatalytic reduction of CO2 under visible-light irradiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ijaz, Sana; Ehsan, Muhammad Fahad; Ashiq, Muhammad Naeem; Karamat, Nazia; He, Tao

    2016-12-01

    Present work demonstrates fabrication of CdS@CeO2 core/shell composite and its application in the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 under visible-light irradiation (λ ≥ 420 nm). CdS@CeO2 composite has been successfully prepared by two-step chemical method, while CeO2 and CdS have been synthesized by one-step hydrothermal method. X-ray diffraction analysis confirms the formation of fluorite cubic structure of CeO2 and cubic phase of CdS. High resolution transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy reveal the microsphere morphology of CdS, while CeO2 (shell) is in the form of spherical particles that surround the CdS (core) in case of the composite. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy has been used to confirm the composition, oxidation state of the elements and valance band of the obtained materials. The CdS@CeO2 core/shell composite and CdS can convert CO2 into methane and methanol under visible-light irradiation. The CdS@CeO2 composite shows higher yield for both methane and methanol than CdS due to low recombination rate of photogenerated electron/hole pairs, as well as a larger BET specific surface area. Moreover, the CdS@CeO2 core/shell composite also shows improved stability upon photocatalysis.

  9. Windows CE自定制Shell%Customizing Windows CE Shell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃朗; 雷跃明

    2010-01-01

    Shell是用户访问操作系统的接口.Shell开发在Windows CE操作系统开发中占据一定的重要性.对Windows CE Shell进行了概述,并通过建立Shell模型,讲述如何自定制Windows CE Shell和定制Shell必须注意的问题,对Windows CE Shell的定制进行深入研究.

  10. Development of the AGREE II, part 2: assessment of validity of items and tools to support application.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouwers, M.C.; Kho, M.E.; Browman, G.P.; Burgers, J.S.; Cluzeau, F.; Feder, G.; Fervers, B.; Graham, I.D.; Hanna, S.E.; Makarski, J.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: We established a program of research to improve the development, reporting and evaluation of practice guidelines. We assessed the construct validity of the items and user's manual in the beta version of the AGREE II. METHODS: We designed guideline excerpts reflecting high-and low-quality

  11. Application of a Homogeneous Dodecakis[NCN-Pincer-PdII] Catalyst in a Nanofiltration Membrane Reactor under Continious Reaction Conditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koten, G. van; Dijkstra, H.P.; Ronde, N.; Klink, G.P.M. van; Vogt, D.

    2003-01-01

    A shape-persistent nanosize dodecakis(NCN-PdII-aqua) complex (4b) was applied as a homogeneous catalyst in the double Michael reaction between methyl vinyl ketone and ethyl -cyanoacetate under continuous reaction conditions in a nanofiltration membrane reactor. Due to its macromolecular dimensions,

  12. 25 CFR 547.8 - What are the minimum technical software standards applicable to Class II gaming systems?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... total purchase or wager amount and all prizes and total credits won for the last game played; (ii) The... game recall. The last game recall function shall: (1) Be retrievable at all times, other than when the recall component is involved in the play of a game, upon the operation of an external key-switch,...

  13. Near-infrared emissions from Yb{sup 3+}-doped CeO{sub 2} and Ce{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} films based on silicon substrates subjected to thermal treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mu, Guangyao; Wang, Shenwei; Li, Ling; Yin, Xue; Huang, Miaoling; Yi, Lixin [Beijing Jiaotong University, Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Optical Information, Ministry of Education, Institute of Optoelectronic Technology, Beijing (China)

    2016-05-15

    Photoluminescence properties of Yb{sup 3+}-doped CeO{sub 2} films annealed in different atmospheres were investigated. CeO{sub 2}:Yb{sup 3+} films were deposited by electron-beam evaporation technique. Near-infrared emission around 970 nm was observed after annealing the films both in air and in Ar-H{sub 2} atmosphere, which is attributed to the Yb{sup 3+}:{sup 2}F{sub 5/2} → {sup 2}F{sub 7/2} transition. Optimization of the Yb{sup 3+} concentration for the 970 nm luminescence yield was also investigated. Characterized by different methods, Ce{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} was formed in the films annealed in reducing atmosphere, which was expected to be more applicable for the silicon-based optoelectronic applications. (orig.)

  14. Valence Fluctuations in CeCo2 and Ti-Doped CeCo2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öner, Yıldırhan

    2016-12-01

    We report on the magnetic measurements of polycrystalline samples of CeCo2 and CeCo(2-x)Ti x (x = 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, and 0.05) which have been synthesized by an arc melting technique. All these compounds crystallize into the face-centered cubic (FCC) structure with the Fd bar{3} m space group. The lattice parameter decreases linearly with increasing Ti content from 7.15808(5) Å for x = 0 (CeCo2) to 7.15231(7) Å for x = 0.05. The magnetic behavior of these compounds has been investigated in the temperature range 5-400 K. The zero field-cooled (ZFC) and field-cooled magnetization (FC) curves show irreversibility below T = 400 K. This result indicates that an inhomogeneous, dynamic magnetic state exists over a wide temperature range. The magnetic susceptibility for both ZFC and FC cases initially decreases with Ti content and then increases with further Ti addition. This behavior is interpreted in terms of band magnetism in the presence of magnetic clusters. This result indicates that the magnetic inhomogeneity of these alloys becomes dominant over a wide temperature range. The observed temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility leads us to suggest that these compounds are in a mixed-valence state of the magnetic Ce3+ ions and non-magnetic Ce4+ ions. This fact allows us to successfully interpret the ZFC magnetic susceptibility data with the two-level ionic inter-configuration fluctuations model. We also observe that the magnetic susceptibility increases by the addition of Ti, as evidenced by the enhancement of the formation of magnetic Co clusters due to local disorder. Finally, the magnetic state below the Curie temperatures are discussed based on Griffiths-like behavior.

  15. Inverted opal luminescent Ce-doped silica glasses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Scotti

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Inverted opal Ce-doped silica glasses (Ce : Si molar ratio 1 ⋅ 10−3 were prepared by a sol-gel method using opals of latex microspheres as templates. The rare earth is homogeneously dispersed in silica host matrix, as evidenced by the absence of segregated CeO2, instead present in monolithic Ce-doped SG with the same cerium content. This suggests that the nanometric dimensions of bridges and junctions of the host matrix in the inverted opal structures favor the RE distribution avoiding the possible segregation of CeO2.

  16. Zinc(II) phthalocyanines immobilized in mesoporous silica Al-MCM-41 and their applications in photocatalytic degradation of pesticides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, M. [Departamento de Quimica, Universidade de Coimbra, Rua Larga, 3004-535 Coimbra (Portugal); Laboratoire de Photochimie Moleculaire et Macromoleculaire, UMR CNRS 6505, Universite Blaise Pascal, F-63177 Aubiere cedex (France); Calvete, M.J.F.; Goncalves, N.P.F.; Burrows, H.D. [Departamento de Quimica, Universidade de Coimbra, Rua Larga, 3004-535 Coimbra (Portugal); Sarakha, M. [Laboratoire de Photochimie Moleculaire et Macromoleculaire, UMR CNRS 6505, Universite Blaise Pascal, F-63177 Aubiere cedex (France); Fernandes, A.; Ribeiro, M.F. [Instituto para a Biotecnologia e Bioengenharia, Centro para a Engenharia Biologica e Quimica, Instituto Superior Tecnico - Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Azenha, M.E., E-mail: meazenha@ci.uc.pt [Departamento de Quimica, Universidade de Coimbra, Rua Larga, 3004-535 Coimbra (Portugal); Pereira, M.M., E-mail: mmpereira@qui.uc.pt [Departamento de Quimica, Universidade de Coimbra, Rua Larga, 3004-535 Coimbra (Portugal)

    2012-09-30

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Complete immobilization of zinc(II) phthalocyanines accomplished in Al-MCM-41. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Efficient photodegradation of model pesticides achieved using 365 nm irradiation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sodium azide experiments showed the involvement of singlet oxygen ({sup 1}O{sub 2}). - Abstract: In the present study the authors investigated a set of three new zinc(II) phthalocyanines (zinc(II) tetranitrophthalocyanine (ZnTNPc), zinc(II) tetra(phenyloxy)phthalocyanine (ZnTPhOPc) and the tetraiodide salt of zinc(II)tetra(N,N,N-trimethylaminoethyloxy) phthalocyaninate (ZnTTMAEOPcI)) immobilized into Al-MCM-41 prepared via ship-in-a-bottle methodology. The samples were fully characterized by diffuse reflectance-UV-vis spectroscopy (DRS-UV-vis), luminescence, thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DSC), N{sub 2} adsorption techniques and elemental analysis. A comparative study was made on the photocatalytic performance upon irradiation within the wavelength range 320-460 nm of these three systems in the degradation of pesticides fenamiphos and pentachlorophenol. ZnTNPc-Al-MCM-41 and ZnTTMAEOPcI-Al-MCM-41 were found to be the most active systems, with the best performance observed with the immobilized cationic phthalocyanine, ZnTTMAEOPcI-Al-MCM-41. This system showed high activity even after three photocatalytic cycles. LC-MS product characterization and mechanistic studies indicate that singlet oxygen ({sup 1}O{sub 2}), produced by excitation of these immobilized photosensitizers, is a key intermediate in the photocatalytic degradation of both pesticides.

  17. Effect of Microstructure on the Radioluminescence and Transparency of Ce-Doped Strontium Hafnate Ceramics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Loef, Edgar V; Wang, Yimin; Miller, Stuart R; Brecher, Charles; Rhodes, William H; Baldoni, Gary; Topping, Stephen; Lingertat, Helmut; Sarin, Vinod K; Shah, Kanai S

    2010-11-01

    In this paper we report on the fabrication and characterization of SrHfO(3):Ce ceramics. Powders were prepared by solid-state synthesis using metal oxides and carbonates. X-ray diffraction measurements showed that phase-pure SrHfO(3) is formed at 1200°C. Inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy confirmed the purity and composition of each batch. SrHfO(3) exhibits several phase changes in the solid, but this does not appear to be detrimental to the ceramics. Microprobe experiments showed uniform elemental grain composition, whereas aluminum added as charge compensation for trivalent cerium congregated at grain boundaries and triple points. Radioluminescence spectra revealed that the light yield decreases when the concentration of excess Sr increases. The decrease in the light yield may be related to the change of Ce(3+) into Ce(4+) ions. For stoichiometric SrHfO(3):Ce, the light yield is about four times that of bismuth germanate (BGO), the conventional benchmark, indicating great potential for many scintillator applications.

  18. Electrical and microstructural properties of Yb-doped CeO2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Matović

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Nanopowdered Ce1−xYbxO2−δ solid solutions (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.2 were synthesized by a self-propagating room temperature synthesis. XRD and SEM were used to study the properties of these materials as well as the Yb solubility in CeO2 lattice. Results showed that all the obtained powders were solid solutions with a fluorite-type crystal structure and with nanometric particle size. The average size of Ce1−xYbxO2−δ particles was approximately 3 nm. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy for the sintered pellets depicted that it was possible to separate Rbulk and Rgb in the temperature interval of 550–800 °C. The activation energy for the bulk conduction was 1.03 eV and for grain boundary conduction was 1.14 eV. Grain boundary resistivity dominates over the other resistivities. These measurements confirmed that Yb3+-doped CeO2 material had a potential as electrolyte for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cell applications.

  19. Synthesis and Characterization of CeVO4 by Microwave Radiation Method and Its Photocatalytic Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuengruethai Ekthammathat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A general microwave synthesis method was developed to synthesize cerium orthovanadate (CeVO4 nanostructures without the use of any catalysts or templates. This method is able to control the shape and size of the products by adjusting the pH of precursor solutions to be 1–10. Phase, purity, and different morphologies of the products were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, and TEM. They showed that the as-synthesized products exhibited pure single crystalline CeVO4 with tetragonal structure. Their morphologies developed in sequence as nanoparticles (pH = 4–10, nanorods (pH = 2, 3, and microflowers (pH = 1. UV-visible spectra were used to estimate the direct energy gaps of CeVO4 nanorods and microflowers: 3.77 and 3.65 eV, respectively. Photoluminescence (PL of CeVO4 microflowers showed strong emission intensities at 578 nm. These results were in the range of possible application for photocatalysis, investigated by studying the degradation of methylene blue.

  20. Conductivity ageing studies on 1M10ScSZ (M4+=Ce, Hf)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Omar, Shobit; Bin Najib, Waqas; Bonanos, Nikolaos

    2011-01-01

    The long-term conductivity stability is tested on zirconia based electrolyte materials for solid oxide fuel cell applications. The ageing studies have been performed on the samples of ZrO2 co-doped with 10mol% of Sc2O3 and 1mol% MO2, where M = Ce or Hf (denoted respectively 1Ce10ScSZ and 1Hf10Sc......SZ) in oxidising and reducing atmospheres, at 600°C for 3000h. At 600°C, these compositions show initial conductivity of around 9–12mS∙cm−1 in air. After 3000h of ageing, no phase transitions are observed in any of the samples. For the first 1000h, the degradation rate is higher than in the subsequent 2000h......; thereafter, conductivity degrades linearly with time for all samples. In air, the loss in the conductivity is lower than in reducing conditions. The 1Ce10ScSZ shows the highest degradation rate of 3.8%/1000h in wet H2/N2 after the first 1000h of ageing. A colour change of the 1Ce10ScSZ sample from white...

  1. Radiopurity of a CeBr{sub 3} crystal used as scintillation detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lutter, Guillaume, E-mail: guillaume.lutter@ec.europa.eu [European Commission, DG JRC, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), Retieseweg 111, 2440 Geel (Belgium); Hult, Mikael [European Commission, DG JRC, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), Retieseweg 111, 2440 Geel (Belgium); Billnert, Robert [European Commission, DG JRC, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), Retieseweg 111, 2440 Geel (Belgium); Fundamental Fysik, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, 41296 Göteborg (Sweden); Oberstedt, Andreas [Fundamental Fysik, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, 41296 Göteborg (Sweden); Oberstedt, Stephan; Andreotti, Erica; Marissens, Gerd; Rosengård, Ulf; Tzika, Faidra [European Commission, DG JRC, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), Retieseweg 111, 2440 Geel (Belgium)

    2013-03-01

    Cerium bromide (CeBr{sub 3}) has recently been shown to exhibit several properties making it a suitable material as a scintillation detector in nuclear physics applications. The intrinsic activity of gamma-ray emitting radionuclides in a 38.1 mm×38.1 mm (diameter×height) crystal of CeBr{sub 3} was investigated. The measurements were carried out in the HADES underground laboratory located 225 m underground. Two primordial radionuclides were detected; {sup 227}Ac (and its daughters) with massic activity of 0.30±0.02 Bq/kg and {sup 138}La with massic activity of 7.4±1.0 mBq/kg. Two activation products were also detected; {sup 139}Ce and {sup 82}Br. Their massic activities (assuming a homogeneous distribution in the crystal) just before taking the CeBr{sub 3} crystal underground were 4.3±0.3 mBq/kg and 18±4 mBq/kg correspondingly. None of the other common primordial radionuclides ({sup 40}K, {sup 226}Ra, {sup 228}Ra, {sup 228}Th, and {sup 235}U) were detected and their detection limits were below 2 mBq/kg except for {sup 238}U for which the upper limit was 135 mBq/kg and {sup 210}Pb with an upper limit of 600 mBq/kg.

  2. Construction of new biopolymer (chitosan)-based pincer-type Pd(II) complex and its catalytic application in Suzuki cross coupling reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baran, Talat; Menteş, Ayfer

    2017-04-01

    In this paper we described the fabrication, characterization and application of a new biopolymer (chitosan)-based pincer-type Pd(II) catalyst in Suzuki cross coupling reactions using a non-toxic, cheap, eco-friendly and practical method. The catalytic activity tests showed remarkable product yields as well as TON (19800) and TOF (330000) values with a small catalyst loading. In addition, the catalyst indicated good recyclability in the Suzuki C-C reaction. This biopolymer supported catalyst can be used with various catalyst systems due to its unique properties, such as being inert, green in nature, low cost and chemically durable.

  3. 语境顺应理论在中文公示语英译中的应用%The Application of the Context Adaptation Theory On C-E Public Signs Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马蕾蕾; 刘玲

    2015-01-01

    公示语的翻译直接关系到一个城市乃至一个国家的文化形象和国际地位。尽管公示语的翻译越来越受到人们的关注,但是,依然有很多城市的公示语英译不容乐观。该文对公示语翻译错误进行分析后认为Jef. Verschuren的顺应理论对公示语翻译具有很重要的指导性。最后从语言语境顺应、交际语境顺应、动态语境顺应三个角度探讨了语境顺应理论在公示语英译中的应用。%Translation of public signs is directly related to the cultural image and the international position of a city or even a coun⁃try. Though it has aroused more and more concern in recent years, the translation of the public signs in some cities are far from be⁃ing satisfactory. After analyzing the inappropriateness and mistakes in the translation of the public signs, the author thinks the Con⁃text Adaptation Theory proposed by Jef. Verschuren is suitable to guide the translation of public signs. Finally, the application of the Context Adaptation Theory on C—E public signs translation has been explored from the perspective of adaptation of linguistic, communicative as well as the dynamic contexts.

  4. Gênero poético: uma proposta em espiral para o ensino fundamental II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Seltzer Goldstein

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Travailler la poesia a l’ecole devient particulierement interessant si l’on choisit un procede “en spirale”. Dans ce sens, voila comment ce texte propose de travailler le poème dans le “ensino fudamental ii bresilien” (eleves de 11 a 14 ans: I lecture et reconnaissance des caracteristiques des poèmes reguliers et irreguliers, a 11 et 12 ans; II prose poetique et poème en prose, a 13 ans; iii poèmes visuels, a 14 ans. Ce travail doit considerer qu’ en situation scolaire l’enseignement doit toujours se faire en contexte.

  5. Dependence of the Ce(iii)/Ce(iv) ratio on intracellular localization in ceria nanoparticles internalized by human cells

    KAUST Repository

    Ferraro, Daniela

    2017-01-09

    CeO2 nanoparticles (CNPs) have been investigated as promising antioxidant agents with significant activity in the therapy of diseases involving free radicals or oxidative stress. However, the exact mechanism responsible for CNP activity has not been completely elucidated. In particular, in situ evidence of modification of the oxidative state of CNPs in human cells and their evolution during cell internalization and subsequent intracellular distribution has never been presented. In this study we investigated modification of the Ce(iii)/Ce(iv) ratio following internalization in human cells by X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES). From this analysis on cell pellets, we observed that CNPs incubated for 24 h showed a significant increase in Ce(iii). By coupling on individual cells synchrotron micro-X-ray fluorescence (μXRF) with micro-XANES (μXANES) we demonstrated that the Ce(iii)/Ce(iv) ratio is also dependent on CNP intracellular localization. The regions with the highest CNP concentrations, suggested to be endolysosomes by transmission electron microscopy, were characterized by Ce atoms in the Ce(iv) oxidation state, while a higher Ce(iii) content was observed in regions surrounding these areas. These observations suggest that the interaction of CNPs with cells involves a complex mechanism in which different cellular areas play different roles.

  6. Application of Sonication and Microwave Irradiation to Boost Continuous Fabrication of the Copper(II Oxide Sub-Micron Particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grzegorz Dzido

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Viability of the continuous-flow synthesis of rhomboidal copper(II oxide (CuO micro- and nanonoparticles was demonstrated. It has been shown that ultrasonic mixing of reactants, in the stage of Cu(OH2 synthesis, followed by microwave irradiation of the resulting suspension, gives very fine particles of CuO at high yield and within minutes. Near optimal parameters for the synthesis of fine particles in the continuous reactor were determined.

  7. Complexation of Cu(II) by original tartaric acid-based ligands in nonionic micellar media: thermodynamic study and applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dupont-Leclercq, Laurence; Giroux, Sébastien; Parant, Stéphane; Khoudour, Leïla; Henry, Bernard; Rubini, Patrice

    2009-04-09

    The complexation of Cu(II) with original alkylamidotartaric acids (C(x)T) is investigated in homogeneous aqueous medium and in the presence of nonionic micelles of Brij 58 (C16EO20), thanks to various analytical techniques such as NMR self-diffusion experiments, CD and UV-vis spectroscopy, ESI mass spectrometry, pHmetry and micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration (MEUF). First, a complete speciation study proves the formation of dimeric complexes in water and provides their formation constants. Second, a similar study is led in the presence of nonionic micelles. It underlines a modification of the apparent equilibrium constants in micellar medium and demonstrates that the structure of the complexes is slightly modified in the presence of micelles. This thermodynamic and structural study is applied to modelize the evolution of the extraction yields of Cu(II) by the micelles as a function of pH and to identify the complexes extracted in the micelles. The effects of the chain length of the ligand (C3T vs C8T) on the solubilization properties are put into relief and discussed. Anionic species are proved to be more incorporated in the nonionic micelles than the cationic species. The extracting system constituted of octylamidotartaric acid (CsT) solubilized in nonionic micelles of Brij 58 is demonstrated to be very efficient for the extraction of Cu(II) by MEUF, this technique being an interesting green alternative to traditional solvent extraction.

  8. Facile synthesis of yellow-emitting CaAlSiN3:Ce3+ phosphors and the enhancement of red-component by co-doping Eu2+ ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jingjing; Zhao, Yang; Li, Guanghao; Mao, Zhiyong; Wang, Dajian; Bie, Lijian

    2017-04-01

    In this paper, facile synthesis of CaAlSiN3:Ce3+ yellow-emitting phosphors under atmospheric pressure at a moderate temperature and their photoluminescent properties are reported. The prepared CaAlSiN3:Ce3+ phosphors exhibit a broad yellow emission band positioned at 580 nm and covering a bandwidth of 150 nm. The thermal stability of CaAlSiN3:Ce3+ phosphors shows obvious superiority than the commercial YAG: Ce3+ phosphor, indicating its promising application prospect in power LEDs. In addition, the enhancement of red-light component for CaAlSiN3:Ce3+ phosphor is demonstrated by co-doping Eu2+ ions. This study offers a facile route to prepare CaAlSiN3:Ce3+ yellow-emitting phosphors, which may be used as a promising candidate for high performance white LEDs.

  9. Scintillation in LiBaF3(Ce) crystals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gektin, A; Shiran, N; Voloshinovski, A; Voronova, [No Value; Zimmerer, G

    1998-01-01

    Core-valence, self-trapped exciton and Ce3+-luminescences in pure and doped LiBaF3 crystals were determined on the basis of analysis of the time resolved emission and excitation spectra. It is shown that excitation of Ce-luminescence is caused both by carriers capture at or near activator ions and b

  10. Quantum jumps in the PEMFC science and technology from the 1960s to the year 2000. Part II. Engineering, technology development and application aspects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costamagna, Paola; Srinivasan, Supramaniam

    The technology of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) has now reached the test-phase, and engineering development and optimization are vital in order to achieve to the next step of the evolution, i.e. the realization of commercial units. This paper highlights the most important technological progresses in the areas of (i) water and thermal management, (ii) scale-up from single cells to cell stacks, (iii) bipolar plates and flow fields, and (iv) fuel processing. Modeling is another aspect of the technological development, since modeling studies have significantly contributed to the understanding of the physico-chemical phenomena occurring in a fuel cell, and also have provided a valuable tool for the optimization of structure, geometry and operating conditions of fuel cells and stacks. The 'quantum jumps' in this field are reviewed, starting from the studies at the electrode level up to the stack and system size, with particular emphasis on (i) the 'cluster-network' model of perfluorosulfonic membranes, and the percolative dependence of the membrane proton conductivity on its water content, (ii) the models of charge and mass transport coupled to electrochemical reaction in the electrodes, and (iii) the models of water transport trough the membrane, which have been usefully applied for the optimization of water management of PEMFCs. The evolution of PEMFC applications is discussed as well, starting from the NASA's Gemini Space Flights to the latest developments of fuel cell vehicles, including the evolutions in the areas of portable power sources and residential and building applications.

  11. Neutron detection using conversion layers and YAP:Ce and YAG:Ce crystals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiserova Lucie

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The work deals with the detection of thermal neutrons using a conversion layer of LiF on YAP:Ce and YAG:Ce scintillation crystals of various sizes. Enriched LiF (95 at. % 6Li in the form of a mixture with 5 % polyvinyl alcohol was deposited on the crystal face by spraying it in a thin layer. The 252Cf isotope with paraffin moderation and lead shielding was used as a neutron source. The detection is based on the nuclear reaction of 6Li with the neutron. The conversion leads to emitting an alpha particle and triton according to the scheme 6Li (n, a3H + + 4.5 MeV which are detected by the scintillation crystal. Due to gamma ray interaction, the optimum thickness of the crystal was estimated to 70 µm.

  12. Mechanoluminescence, photoluminescence and thermoluminescence studies of SrZrO3:Ce phosphor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neha Tiwari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper reports the synthesis and characterization, photoluminescence thermoluminescence and mechanoluminescence studies of Ce3+ doped SrZrO3 phosphors. The effects of variable concentration of Cerium on meachanoluminescence (ML and photoluminescence behavior were studied. The samples were prepared by combustion a synthesis technique which is suitable for less time taking techniques also for large scale production for phosphors. The starting material used for sample preparation are Sr(NO33, Zr(NO33 XH2O and Ce(NO33 6H2O and urea used as a fuel. The prepared sample was characterized by X-ray diffraction technique (XRD with variable concentration of Ce (0.05–0.5 mol%. There is no any phase change found with increase the concentration of Ce. Sample shows orthorhombic structure and the particle size calculated by Scherer's formula. The surface morphology of prepared phosphor was determined by field emission gun scanning electron microscopy (FEGSEM technique. Mechanoluminescence studies on SrZrO3phosphors doped with Ce and underwent an impulsive deformation with an impact of a piston for Mechanoluminescence (ML investigations. Temporal characteristics in order to investigate about the luminescence centre responsible for ML peak, increasing impact velocity causes more number of electrons will be ionized to reach to the conduction band so there will be more number of electrons available to be recombined at recombination or luminescence centre. In photoluminescence study PL emission spectra show the isolated peak position observed at 388 nm near UV region of spectrum due to 5d–4f transition of Ce3+ion.Thermoluminescence study shows doping of Ce3+ ions reduced the TL intensity TL glow curve shows the high fading and less stability when it doped with cerium. The activation energy high for the doped SrZrO3 phosphor means that the trapped electron is highly trapped in trap level. The present study gives the advance application for fracture

  13. Epitaxial Ce and the magnetism of single-crystal Ce/Nd superlattices

    OpenAIRE

    Clegg, P. S.; Goff, J.P.; McIntyre, G. J.; Ward, R.C.C.; Wells, M. R .

    2003-01-01

    The chemical structure of epitaxial gamma cerium and the chemical and magnetic structures of cerium/neodymium superlattices have been studied using x-ray and neutron diffraction techniques. The samples were grown using molecular-beam epitaxy, optimized to yield the desired Ce allotropes. The x-ray measurements show that, in the superlattices, both constituents adopt the dhcp structure and that the stacking sequence remains intact down to Tsimilar to2 K; these are the first measurements of mag...

  14. First-Principles Phase Diagram for Ce-Th System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Landa, A; Soderlind, P; Ruban, A; Vitos, L; Pourovskii, L

    2004-05-11

    Ab initio total energy calculations based on the exact muffin-tin orbitals (EMTO) theory are used to determine the high pressure and low temperature phase diagram of Ce and Th metals as well as the Ce{sub 43}Th{sub 57} disordered alloy. The compositional disorder for the alloy is treated in the framework of the coherent potential approximation (CPA). Equation of state for Ce, Th and Ce{sub 43}Th{sub 57} has been calculated up to 1 Mbar in good comparison with experimental data: upon compression the Ce-Th system undergoes crystallographic phase transformation from an fcc to a bct structure and the transition pressure increases with Th content in the alloy.

  15. Seamless Ligation Cloning Extract (SLiCE) cloning method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yongwei; Werling, Uwe; Edelmann, Winfried

    2014-01-01

    SLiCE (Seamless Ligation Cloning Extract) is a novel cloning method that utilizes easy to generate bacterial cell extracts to assemble multiple DNA fragments into recombinant DNA molecules in a single in vitro recombination reaction. SLiCE overcomes the sequence limitations of traditional cloning methods, facilitates seamless cloning by recombining short end homologies (15-52 bp) with or without flanking heterologous sequences and provides an effective strategy for directional subcloning of DNA fragments from bacterial artificial chromosomes or other sources. SLiCE is highly cost-effective and demonstrates the versatility as a number of standard laboratory bacterial strains can serve as sources for SLiCE extract. We established a DH10B-derived E. coli strain expressing an optimized λ prophage Red recombination system, termed PPY, which facilitates SLiCE with very high efficiencies.

  16. Synthesis of Ordered Mesoporous CuO/CeO2 Composite Frameworks as Anode Catalysts for Water Oxidation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vassiliki Markoulaki Ι

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Cerium-rich metal oxide materials have recently emerged as promising candidates for the photocatalytic oxygen evolution reaction (OER. In this article, we report the synthesis of ordered mesoporous CuO/CeO2 composite frameworks with different contents of copper(II oxide and demonstrate their activity for photocatalytic O2 production via UV-Vis light-driven oxidation of water. Mesoporous CuO/CeO2 materials have been successfully prepared by a nanocasting route, using mesoporous silica as a rigid template. X-ray diffraction, electron transmission microscopy and N2 porosimetry characterization of the as-prepared products reveal a mesoporous structure composed of parallel arranged nanorods, with a large surface area and a narrow pore size distribution. The molecular structure and optical properties of the composite materials were investigated with Raman and UV-Vis/NIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Catalytic results indicated that incorporation of CuO clusters in the CeO2 lattice improved the photochemical properties. As a result, the CuO/CeO2 composite catalyst containing ~38 wt % CuO reaches a high O2 evolution rate of ~19.6 µmol·h−1 (or 392 µmol·h−1·g−1 with an apparent quantum efficiency of 17.6% at λ = 365 ± 10 nm. This OER activity compares favorably with that obtained from the non-porous CuO/CeO2 counterpart (~1.3 µmol·h−1 and pure mesoporous CeO2 (~1 µmol·h−1.

  17. Folic acid-targeted magnetic Tb-doped CeF3 fluorescent nanoparticles as bimodal probes for cellular fluorescence and magnetic resonance imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Zhi-Ya; Liu, Yu-Ping; Bai, Ling-Yu; An, Jie; Zhang, Lin; Xuan, Yang; Zhang, Xiao-Shuai; Zhao, Yuan-Di

    2015-10-07

    Magnetic fluorescent nanoparticles (NPs) have great potential applications for diagnostics, imaging and therapy. We developed a facile polyol method to synthesize multifunctional Fe3O4@CeF3:Tb@CeF3 NPs with small size (magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of HeLa cells with overexpressed folate receptors (FR). The results indicated that these NPs had strong luminescence and enhanced T2-weighted MR contrast and would be promising candidates as multimodal probes for both fluorescence and MRI imaging.

  18. Sistemas interfaceados de análise por injeção em fluxo e eletroforese capilar (FIA - CE: desafios, aplicações e perspectivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranda Carlos E. S.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A review about the state-of-the-art of flow injection analysis (FIA -- capillary electrophoresis (CE systems is presented. The basic principles of flow injection and capillary electrophoresis are briefly revised. The main aspects of the FIA-CE hybridization, including advantages and shortcomings, are discussed. Some applications involving all different designs are also presented. This review covers the literature from 1997 up to 2000.

  19. Ce3+-ion-induced visible-light photocatalytic degradation and electrochemical activity of ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposite

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    In this study, pure ZnO, CeO2 and ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposites were synthesized using a thermal decomposition method and subsequently characterized using different standard techniques. High-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements confirmed the oxidation states and presence of Zn2+, Ce4+, Ce3+ and different bonded oxygen species in the nanocomposites. The prepared pure ZnO and CeO2 as well as the ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposites with various proportions of ZnO and CeO2 were tested for photo...

  20. Ce4+/Ce3+-V2+/V3+氧化还原流动电池的可行性研究(Ⅱ)--旋转圆盘(RDE)与旋转环盘(RRDE)法对Ce4+/Ce3+氧化还原体系的研究%Studies on Feasibility of Ce4+/Ce3+ - V2+/V3+ Redox Flow Cell ( Ⅱ ) --Investigation of Ce4 +/Ce3 + Redox System by RDE and RRDE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏熙; 刘洋; 刘洪涛

    2001-01-01

    用RDE与REDE法研究了Ce4+/Ce3+-V2+/V3+氧化还原流动电池中Ce4+/Ce3+体系的电化学动力学参数,以说明组成该新型氧化还原流动电池的可能性.用RDE法得出在铂电极表面与玻碳电极上均会生成一层氧化膜,对Ce3+的氧化反应产生阻碍作用.但在铂上的氧化膜对Ce4+的还原反应却有催化作用.用Rrde法得出Ce3+在玻碳电极上的氧化与析氧之间存在着竞争,为得到较高的Ce3+氧化效率,应控制氧化电流在2~8 mA@cm-2之间.