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  1. Recovery of Cd(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) from Chloride Medium by Solvent Extraction Using CYANEX 923 and CYANEX 272 I

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahmed, M.; El Dessouky, S.I.; El-Nadi, Y.A.; Daoud, J.A.; Saad, E.A.

    2008-01-01

    The paper aims to study the extraction and separation of Cd(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) from their mixtures in hydrochloric acid medium with CYANEX 923 in kerosene. Preliminary investigations showed that only Cd(II) is extracted with CYANEX 923 while Co(II) and Ni(II) are not extracted. Different parameters affecting the extraction of Cd(II) with CYANEX 923 such as hydrochloric acid, hydrogen ion, extractant and metal concentrations, temperature investigations were also investigated. The stoichiometry of the extracted metal species investigated was found to be HCdCl 3 . 2 CYANEX 923. The stripping of the extracted Cd(II) species is obtained with 0.1 M HCl solution. Co(II) was found to be extracted with CYANEX 272 at ph 5.8 leaving Ni(II) in the solution. A developed process for the sequential of Cd(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) from their mixture in hydrochloric acid medium is proposed

  2. Monolithic scaffolds for highly selective ion sensing/removal of Co(II), Cu(II), and Cd(II) ions in water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shenashen, Mohamed A; El-Safty, Sherif A; Elshehy, Emad A

    2014-12-21

    High exposure to metals, such as cobalt (Co), copper (Cu) and cadmium (Cd), potentially has adverse effects, and can cause severe health problems, leading to a number of specific diseases. This study primarily aims to monitor, detect, separate, and remove the trace concentrations of Co(II), Cu(II), and Cd(II) ions in water, without a preconcentration process, using aluminosilica optical sensor (ASOS) monoliths. These monolithic scaffolds with advantageous physical features (i.e., large surface area-to-volume ratios of the scaffolds, active acid sites and uniform mesocage cubic pores) can strongly induce H-bonding and dispersive interactions with organic chelating agent, resulting in the formation of stable ASOS. In this engineering process, ASOS offers a simple and one-step sensing/capture procedure for the quantification and visual detection of the target elements from water, without requiring sophisticated instrumentation. The key result in this study is the ion selectivity exhibited by the designed ASOS toward the targets, Co(II), Cu(II), and Cd(II) ions, in environmental and waste disposal samples, as well as its reproducibility over a number of analysis/regeneration cycles. These findings can be useful in the fabrication of ASOS can be tailored to suit various applications.

  3. Radiotracer study of the adsorption of Fe(III), Cr(III) and Cd(II) on natural and chemically modified Slovak zeolite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Foeldesova, M.; Dillinger, P.; Lukac, P.

    1998-01-01

    In order to minimize the contamination of environment with metals in ionic form the more types of natural and chemically modified zeolites were examined to their uptake of Fe(III), Cr(III) and Cd(II) from water solutions by batch radio-exchange equilibration method. In this study was used zeolitic tuff from deposit Nizny Hrabovec (content of clinoptilolite 50-70%) with the grain size from 1.2 to 2.2 mm. The granules of zeolite were modified with the following NaOH solutions: ).5, 1, 2 and 4 mol.l -1 at 80 grad C for 4 hours. The sorption of Fe, Cr and Cd ions on all types of zeolites was studied by radio-exchange method and the sorption of Fe and Cr also flame atomic absorption method. From sorption curves the sorption coefficients were calculated. The results obtained in this work show that zeolites modified with NaOH solution are suitable for adsorption of Fe(III), Cr(III) and Cd(II) from underwater, waste water, feed water and coolant water from nuclear plants. The adsorbed zeolites can be solidified by conventional way

  4. Biologically active new Fe(II, Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II, Zn(II and Cd(II complexes of N-(2-thienylmethylenemethanamine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. SPÎNU

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Iron(II, cobalt(II, nickel (II, copper (II, zinc(II and cadmium(II complexes of the type ML2Cl2, where M is a metal and L is the Schiff base N-(2-thienylmethylenemethanamine (TNAM formed by the condensation of 2-thiophenecarboxaldehyde and methylamine, were prepared and characterized by elemental analysis as well as magnetic and spectroscopic measurements. The elemental analyses suggest the stoichiometry to be 1:2 (metal:ligand. Magnetic susceptibility data coupled with electronic, ESR and Mössbauer spectra suggest a distorted octahedral structure for the Fe(II, Co(II and Ni(II complexes, a square-planar geometry for the Cu(II compound and a tetrahedral geometry for the Zn(II and Cd(II complexes. The infrared and NMR spectra of the complexes agree with co-ordination to the central metal atom through nitrogen and sulphur atoms. Conductance measurements suggest the non-electrolytic nature of the complexes, except for the Cu(II, Zn(II and Cd(II complexes, which are 1:2 electrolytes. The Schiff base and its metal chelates were screened for their biological activity against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the metal chelates were found to possess better antibacterial activity than that of the uncomplexed Schiff base.

  5. Solid Phase Extraction of Trace Al(III), Fe(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) Ions in Beverages on Functionalized Polymer Microspheres Prior to Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berber, Hale; Alpdogan, Güzin

    2017-01-01

    In this study, poly(glycidyl methacrylate-methyl methacrylate-divinylbenzene) was synthesized in the form of microspheres, and then functionalized by 2-aminobenzothiazole ligand. The sorption properties of these functionalized microspheres were investigated for separation, preconcentration and determination of Al(III), Fe(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The optimum pH values for quantitative sorption were 2 - 4, 5 - 8, 6 - 8, 4 - 6, 2 - 6 and 2 - 3 for Al(III), Fe(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II), respectively, and also the highest sorption capacity of the functionalized microspheres was found to be for Cu(II) with the value of 1.87 mmol g -1 . The detection limits (3σ; N = 6) obtained for the studied metals in the optimal conditions were observed in the range of 0.26 - 2.20 μg L -1 . The proposed method was successfully applied to different beverage samples for the determination of Al(III), Fe(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions, with the relative standard deviation of <3.7%.

  6. Synthesis, characterization, DFT calculations and biological studies of Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II) and Cd(II) complexes based on a tetradentate ONNO donor Schiff base ligand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Rahman, Laila H.; Ismail, Nabawia M.; Ismael, Mohamed; Abu-Dief, Ahmed M.; Ahmed, Ebtehal Abdel-Hameed

    2017-04-01

    This study highlights synthesis and characterization of a tetradentate ONNO Schiff base ligand namely (1, 1‧- (pyridine-2, 3-dimethyliminomethyl) naphthalene-2, 2‧-diol) and hereafter denotes as "HNDAP″ and selected metal complexes including Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II) and Cd(II) as a central metal. HNDAP was synthesized from 1:2 M ratio condensation of 2, 3-diaminopyridine and 2- hydroxy-1-naphthaldhyde, respectively. The stoichiometric ratios of the prepared complexes were estimated using complementary techniques such as; elemental analyses (-C, H, N), FT-IR, magnetic measurements and molar conductivity. Furthermore, their physicochemical studies were carried out using thermal TGA, DTA and kinetic-thermodynamic studies along with DFT calculations. The results of elemental analyses showed that these complexes are present in a 1:1 metal-to- ligand molar ratio. Moreover, the magnetic susceptibilities values at room temperature revealed that Mn(II), Fe(II) and Co(II) complexes are paramagnetic in nature and have an octahedral (Oh) geometry. In contrast, Cd(II) is diamagnetic and stabilizes in square planar sites. The molar conductivity measurements indicated that all complexes are nonelectrolytes in dimethyl formamide. Spectral data suggested that the ligand is as tetradentate and coordinated with Co(II) ion through two phenolic OH and two azomethine nitrogen. However, for Mn(II), Fe(II) and Cd(II) complexes, the coordination occurred through two phenolic oxygen and two azomethine nitrogen with deprotonation of OH groups. The proposed chemical structures have been validated by quantum mechanics calculations. Antimicrobial activities of both the HNDAP Schiff base ligand and its metal complexes were tested against strains of Gram (-ve) E. coli and Gram (+ve) B. subtilis and S. aureus bacteria and C. albicans, A. flavus and T. rubrum fungi. All the prepared compounds showed good results of inhibition against the selected pathogenic microorganisms. The investigated

  7. Synthesis, characterization and physicochemical studies of new chelating resin 1, 8-(3, 6-dithiaoctyl)-4-polyvinylbenzenesulphonate (dpvbs) and its metallopolymer Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Fe(III) complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalil, Tarek E.; Elbadawy, Hemmat A.; El-Dissouky, Ali

    2018-02-01

    A new chelating resin, 1,8-(3,6-dithiaoctyl)-4-polyvinylbenzenesulphonate (dpvbs) has been synthesized by coupling Amberlite XAD-16 with (2,2‧-ethylenedithio) diethanol using pyridine/CH2Cl2 mixture as a solvent. The chelating resin and its metallopolymer Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Fe(III) complexes have been synthesized and characterized by EDS, SEM, XPS, elemental analysis, spectral (IR, UV/Vis, EPR). The thermal analysis of the resin and its metallopolymer complexes indicated an endothermic spontaneous sorption mechanism with the liberation of water of hydration of the metal ions and that adsorbed by the free resin. At the solid liquid interface, the degrees of freedom increased during the sorption of the metal ions onto the resin. The surface area of polymer support and its metallopolymer complexes are estimated by (BJH) method. The batch equilibrium method was used for studying the metal sorption and selectivity at different pH values and different contact times at room temperature. ICP-AES was used to estimate the metal capacity of the resin for sorption of Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Fe(III) from aqueous solutions utilizing the batch equilibrium method. The sorption tendency of the metal ions by the resin was found to be: Cu(II) > Fe(III) > Co(II) > Ni(II). Adsorption kinetics was found to be fit the pseudo-second order model.

  8. Synthesis, characterization and in vitro anticancer activity of 18-membered octaazamacrocyclic complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cd(II) and Sn(II)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kareem, Abdul; Zafar, Hina; Sherwani, Asif; Mohammad, Owais; Khan, Tahir Ali

    2014-10-01

    An effective series of 18 membered octaazamacrocyclic complexes of the type [MLX2], where X = Cl or NO3 have been synthesized by template condensation reaction of oxalyl dihydrazide with dibenzoylmethane and metal salt in 2:2:1 molar ratio. The formation of macrocyclic framework, stereochemistry and their overall geometry have been characterized by various physico-chemical studies viz., elemental analysis, electron spray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), I.R, UV-Vis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and TGA/DTA studies. These studies suggest formation of octahedral macrocyclic complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cd(II) and Sn(II). The molar conductance values suggest nonelectrolytic nature for all the complexes. Thermogravimatric analysis shows that all the complexes are stable up to 600 °C. All these complexes have been tested against different human cancer cell lines i.e. human hepatocellular carcinoma (Hep3B), human cervical carcinoma (HeLa), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF7) and normal cells (PBMC). The newly synthesized 18-membered octaazamacrocyclic complexes during in vitro anticancer evaluation, displayed moderate to good cytotoxicity on liver (Hep3B), cervical (HeLa) and breast (MCF7) cancer cell lines, respectively. The most effective anticancer cadmium complex (C34H28N10CdO10) was found to be active with IC50 values, 2.44 ± 1.500, 3.55 ± 1.600 and 4.82 ± 1.400 in micro-molar on liver, cervical and breast cancer cell lines, respectively.

  9. Chemical speciation of Pb(II, Cd(II, Hg(II, Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II and Zn(II binary complexes of l-methionine in 1,2-propanediol-water mixtures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Padma Latha

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Chemical speciation of Pb(II, Cd(II, Hg(II, Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II and Zn(II complexes of L-methionine in 0.0-60 % v/v 1,2-propanediol-water mixtures maintaining an ionic strength of 0.16 M at 303 K has been studied pH metrically. The active forms of ligand are LH2+, LH and L-. The predominant species detected are ML, MLH, ML2, ML2H, ML2H2 and MLOH. Models containing different numbers of species were refined by using the computer program MINIQUAD 75. The best-fit chemical models were arrived at based on statistical parameters. The trend in variation of complex stability constants with change in the dielectric constant of the medium is explained on the basis of electrostatic and non-electrostatic forces.

  10. Al(III, Cu(II, Co(II, Pb(II, Mn(II, and Fe(III DETERMINATIONS IN VARIOUS SAMPLES by FAAS AFTER SOLID PHASE EXTRACTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şule Dinç Zor

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a novel method for the preconcentration of of Al(III, Cu(II, Co(II, Pb(II, Mn(II, and Fe(III in the form of their hematoxylin chelates using a column filled with Amberlite XAD-16 resin was proposed. Metal chelates collected on the resin were eluted by 1 mol/L nitric acid in acetone and determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS. The influences of some analytical parameters including pH, flow rates, sample volume, the type and concentration of eluent on the preconcentration efficiency were examined. Effects of some interfering ions on the recovery values of analytes were also investigated. While optimum pH value was 8.5 for Cu(II, Co(II, Mn(II, and Fe(III ions, it was 6.5 for Al(III and Pb(II ions. Appropriate eluent for quantitative elution was 8 mL of 1 mol/L nitric acid in acetone. Sample and eluent flow rates were found to be 2 mL/min. The maximum sample volume was established by changing the sample volume from 50 mL to 2500 mL. The sample volume does not significantly affect recovery within the range of 50-2000 mL of the sample volume for the investigated metal ions. The preconcentration factor obtained was 400. Under optimized conditions, the detection limits found as concentration which is threefold of the standard deviation of the blank solution were 0.053, 0.080, 0.620, 1.310, 0.330 and 0.120 µg/L for Al(III, Cu(II, Co(II, Pb(II, Mn(II, and Fe(III ions, respectively and the adsorption capacities for these ions were 0.47 ± 0.02, 0.81 ± 0.01, 0.66 ± 0.01, 0.58 ± 0.01, 0.91 ± 0.01, and 0.73 ± 0.02 mg/g, respectively. By using the certified reference materials, the accuracy of the method was verified. The proposed method was successfully applied to cigarette, hair, and some vegetable species.

  11. Spectroscopic and thermal degradation behavior of Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes with thiopental sodium anesthesia drug

    Science.gov (United States)

    Refat, Moamen S.

    2013-04-01

    A new series of Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes have been synthesized with thiopental sodium anesthesia drug. The elemental analyses of the complexes are confined to stoichiometry of the formulas [M(TPL)3]ṡnH2O (M = Cr(III) or Fe(III); n = 6 or 5), [M(TPL)2(H2O)2]ṡnH2O (M = Mn(II), Co(II) or Ni(II); n = 0 or 4), and [M(TPL)2] (M = Cu(II) or Zn(II); n = 2 or 0) respectively, where TPL is thiopental chelating agent. Structures have been discussed and suggested upon elemental analyses, infrared, Raman, electronic, electron spin resonance, 1H NMR spectral data and magnetic studies. The X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) was performed of metal complexes. The XRD patterns indicate crystalline nature for the complexes. The measured low molar conductance values in dimethylsulfoxide indicate that the complexes are non-electrolyte nature. Spectroscopic discussion refer that coordination take place through three types: Cdbnd N (pyrimidine moiety) nitrogen and C2sbnd S (2-thiolate group) for Cr(III), Mn(II) and Fe(III), C6dbnd O (amido group) oxygen and C2sbnd S (2-thiolate group) for Co(II) and Ni(II), and Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions coordinated via Cdbnd N (pyrimidine moiety) nitrogen, C2dbnd S (2-thiolate group) and C6dbnd O (amido group) oxygen, respectively. The thermal behavior (TG/DTG/DTA) of the complexes was studied and kinetic parameters were determined by Horowitz-Metzger and Coats-Redfern methods. The thiopental and its complexes have been screened for their antimicrobial (G+ and G-) bacteria (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and fungi (Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans) activities by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method.

  12. A novel cellulose-dioctyl phthate-baker's yeast biosorbent for removal of Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoud, Mohamed E; Yakout, Amr A; Abed El Aziz, Marwa T; Osman, Maher M; Abdel-Fattah, Tarek M

    2015-01-01

    In this work, dioctyl phthalate (Dop) was used as a highly plasticizing material to coat and link the surface of basic cellulose (Cel) with baker's yeast for the formation of a novel modified cellulose biosorbent (Cel-Dop-Yst). Characterization was accomplished by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) measurements. The feasibility of using Cel-Dop-Yst biosorbent as an efficient material for removal of Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II) ions was explored using the batch equilibrium technique along with various experimental controlling parameters. The optimum pH values for removal of these metal ions were characterized in the range of 5.0-7.0. Cel-Dop-Yst was identified as a highly selective biosorbent for removal of the selected divalent metal ions. The Cel-Dop-Yst biosorbent was successfully implemented in treatment and removal of these divalent metal ions from industrial wastewater, sea water and drinking water samples using a multistage microcolumn technique.

  13. Synthesis, Characterization, and Biological Activity of Mn(II, Fe(II, Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II, Zn(II, and Cd(II Complexes of N-Thiophenoyl-N′-Phenylthiocarbohydrazide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Yadav

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Mn(II, Fe(II, Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II, Zn(II, and Cd(II complex of N-thiophenoyl -N′-phenylthiocarbohydrazide (H2 TPTH have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility measurements, infrared, NMR, electronic, and ESR spectral studies. The complexes were found to have compositions [Mn(H TPTH2], [Co(TPTH (H2O2], [Ni(TPTH (H2O2], [Cu(TPTH], [Zn(H TPTH], [Cd(H TPTH2], and [Fe(H TPTH2(EtOH]. The magnetic and electronic spectral studies suggest square planar geometry for [Cu(TPTH], tetrahedral geometry for [Zn(TPTH] and [Cd(H TPTH2], and octahedral geometry for rest of the complexes. The infrared spectral studies of the 1 : 1 deprotonated complexes suggest bonding through enolic oxygen, thiolato sulfur, and both the hydrazinic nitrogens. Thus, H2TPTH acts as a binegative tetradentate ligand. H2 TPTH and its metal complexes have been screened against several bacteria and fungi.

  14. Synthesis, investigation and spectroscopic characterization of piroxicam ternary complexes of Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with glycine and DL-phenylalanine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, Gehad G.; El-Gamel, Nadia E. A.

    2004-11-01

    The ternary piroxicam (Pir; 4-hydroxy-2-methyl- N-(2-pyridyl)-2H-1,2-benzothiazine-3-carboxamide 1,1-dioxide) complexes of Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with various amino acids (AA) such as glycine (Gly) or DL-phenylalanine (PhA) were prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductance, IR, UV-Vis, magnetic moment, diffuse reflectance and X-ray powder diffraction. The UV-Vis spectra of Pir and the effect of metal chelation on the different interligand transitions are discussed in detailed manner. IR and UV-Vis spectra confirm that Pir behaves as a neutral bidentate ligand coordinated to the metal ions via the pyridine- N and carbonyl group of the amide moiety. Gly molecule acted as a uninegatively monodentate ligand and coordinate to the metal ions through its carboxylic group, in addition PhA acted as a uninegatively bidentate ligand and coordinate to the metal ions through its carboxylic and amino groups. All the chelates have octahedral geometrical structures while Cu(II)- and Zn(II)-ternary chelates with PhA have square planar geometrical structures. The molar conductance data reveal that most of these chelates are non electrolytes, while Fe(III)-Pir-Gly, Co(II)-, Ni(II)-, Cu(II)- and Zn(II)-Pir-PhA cheletes were 1:1 electrolytes. X-ray powder diffraction is used as a new tool to estimate the crystallinity of chelates as well as to elucidate their geometrical structures.

  15. Indolenine meso-substituted dibenzotetraaza[14]annulene and its coordination chemistry toward the transition metal ions Mn(III), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Pd(II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khaledi, Hamid; Olmstead, Marilyn M; Ali, Hapipah Mohd; Thomas, Noel F

    2013-02-18

    A new dibenzotetraaza[14]annulene bearing two 3,3-dimethylindolenine fragments at the meso positions (LH(2)), has been synthesized through a nontemplate method. X-ray crystallography shows that the whole molecule is planar. The basicity of the indolenine ring permits the macrocycle to be protonated external to the core and form LH(4)(2+)·2Cl(-). Yet another structural modification having strong C-H···π interactions was found in the chloroform solvate of LH(2). The latter two modifications are accompanied by a degree of nonplanar distortion. The antiaromatic core of the macrocycle can accommodate a number of metal ions, Mn(III), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II), to form complexes of [Mn(L)Br], [Mn(L)Cl], [Fe(LH(2))Cl(2)](+)·Cl(-), [Co(L)], [Ni(L)], and [Cu(L)]. In addition, the reaction of LH(2) with the larger Pd(II) ion leads to the formation of [Pd(2)(LH(2))(2)(OAc)(4)] wherein the macrocycle acts as a semiflexible ditopic ligand to coordinate pairs of metal ions via its indolenine N atoms into dinuclear metallocycles. The compounds LH(2), [Co(L)], and [Ni(L)] are isostructural and feature close π-stacking as well as linear chain arrangements in the case of the metal complexes. Variable temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements showed thermally induced paramagnetism in [Ni(L)].

  16. Evaluation of CNTs/MnO{sub 2} composite for adsorption of {sup 60}Co(II), {sup 65}Zn(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharaf El-Deen, Sahar E.A.; Moussa, Saber I.; Mekawy, Zakaria A.; Shehata, Mohamed K.K.; Someda, Hanan H. [Atomic Energy Authority, Inshas (Egypt). Dept. of Nuclear Chemistry; Sadeek, Sadeek A. [Zagazig Univ. (Egypt). Dept. of Chemistry

    2017-03-01

    CNTs/MnO{sub 2} composite was synthesized by a co-precipitation method after preparation of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) using a chemical oxidation method and was characterized using Fourier transformer infrared (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The synthesized CNTs/MnO{sub 2} composite was used as a sorbent for the removal of some radionuclides ({sup 60}Co and {sup 65}Zn-radioisotopes) and Cd (II) ions from aqueous solutions. Different parameters affecting the removal process including pH, contact time and metal ion concentration were investigated. Isotherm and kinetic models were studied. Adsorption data was interpreted in terms of both Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms and indicated that the CNTs/MnO{sub 2} composite complied well with both Langmuir and Freundlich models for {sup 60}Co and Cd(II) ions and with the Freundlich model only for the {sup 65}Zn radioisotope. A pseudo-second-order model was effectively employed to describe the adsorption behavior of {sup 60}Co, {sup 65}Zn and Cd(II) ions. Desorption of {sup 60}Co and {sup 65}Zn and Cd(II) ions from loaded samples was studied using different eluents.

  17. Structural, thermal, biological and semiconducting properties of Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and VO(IV) complexes of Schiff base derived from resdiacetophenone and S-benzyldithiocarbazate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Makode, J.T.; Bhadange, S.G.; Aswar, A.S.

    2003-01-01

    A series of Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and VO(IV) complexes with Schiff base derived from resdiacetophenone and S-benzyldithiocarbazate have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic moment, IR and electronic spectral studies and thermal analysis. The Schiff base functions as a binucleating tridentate chelating agent and coordinates via the deprotonated phenolic oxygen, azomethine nitrogen and thioenolate sulphur atoms to the metal ion favouring the formation of bimetallic complexes. From dynamic TG data, activation energy and other kinetic parameters have been computed using Freeman-Carroll-Wentworth and Coats-Redfern methods. Electrical conductivity of the complexes have also been studied between 313-473 in pellet forms and the complexes are found to exhibit semiconducting behaviour. The antimicrobial activity of the ligand and its complexes have been screened against various microorganisms and all of them found to be moderately active against the organisms. (author)

  18. On the ortho-positronium quenching reactions promoted by Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(III), Ni(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) cyanocomplexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fantola Lazzarini, Anna L.; Lazzarini, Ennio

    The o-Ps quenching reactions promoted in aqueous solutions by the following six cyanocomplexes: [Fe(CN) 6] 4-; [Co(CN) 6] 3-; [Zn(CN) 4] 2-; [Cd(CN) 6] 2-; [Fe(CN) 6] 3-; [Ni(CN) 4] 2- were investigated. The first four reactions probably consist in o-Ps addition across the CN bond, their rate constants at room temperature, Tr, being ⩽(0.04±0.02) × 10 9 M -1 s -1, i.e. almost at the limit of experimental errors. The rate constant of the fifth reaction, in o-Ps oxydation, at Tr is (20.3±0.4) × 10 9 M -1 s -1. The [Ni(CN) 4] 2-k value at Tr, is (0.27±0.01) × 10 9 M -1 s -1, i.e. 100 times less than the rate constants of o-Ps oxydation, but 10 times larger than those of the o-Ps addition across the CN bond. The [Ni(CN) 4] 2- reaction probably results in formation of the following positronido complex: [Ni(CN) 4Ps] 2-. However, it is worth noting that the existence of such a complex is only indirectly deduced. In fact it arises from comparison of the [Ni(CN) 4] 2- rate constant with those of the Fe(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Co(III) cyanocomplexes, which, like the Ni(II) cyanocomplex, do not promote o-Ps oxydation or spin exchange reactions.

  19. CHEMICAL SPECIATION OF Pb(II), Cd(II)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chemical speciation of Pb(II), Cd(II), Hg(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of L-methionine in 0.0-60 % v/v 1,2-propanediol-water mixtures maintaining an ionic strength of 0.16 M at 303 K has been studied pH metrically. The active forms of ligand are LH2+, LH and L-. The predominant species detected are ML, ...

  20. SEPARATION OF Fe (III, Cr(III, Cu(II, Ni(II, Co(II, AND Pb(II METAL IONS USING POLY(EUGENYL OXYACETIC ACID AS AN ION CARRIER BY A LIQUID MEMBRANE TRANSPORT METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    La Harimu

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Fe (III, Cr(III, Cu(II, Ni(II, Co(II, and Pb(II  metal ions had been separated using poly(eugenyl oxyacetic acid as an ion carrier by bulk liquid membrane transport method. The effect of pH, polyeugenyl oxyacetic acid ion carrier concentration, nitric acid concentration in the stripping solution, transport time, and metal concentration were optimized. The result showed that the optimum condition for transport of metal ions was at pH 4 for ion Fe(III and at pH 5 for Cr(III, Cu(II, Ni(II, Co(II, and Pb(II ions. The carrier volumes were optimum with concentration of 1 x 10-3 M at 7.5 mL for Cr(III, Cu (II,  Ni(II, Co(II ions and at 8.5 mL for Fe(III and Pb(II ions. The concentration of HNO3 in stripping phase was optimum at 2 M for Fe(III and Cu(II ions, 1 M for Cr(III, Ni(II and Co(II ions, and 0.5 M for Pb(II ion. The optimum transport times were 36 h for Fe(III and Co(II ions, and 48 h for Cr(III, Cu (II, Ni(II, and Pb(II ions. The concentration of metal ions accurately transported were 2.5 x 10-4 M for Fe(III and Cr(III ions, and 1 M for Cu (II, Ni(II, Co(II, and Pb(II ions. Compared to other metal ions the transport of Fe(III was the highest with selectivity order of Fe(III > Cr(III > Pb(II > Cu(II > Ni(II > Co(II. At optimum condition, Fe(III ion was transported through the membrane at 46.46%.   Keywords: poly(eugenyl oxyacetic acid, transport, liquid membrane, Fe (III, Cr(III, Cu(II, Ni(II, Co(II, and Pb(II ions

  1. A comparative study on Pb(II), Cd(II), Cu(II), Co(II)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Development of low cost adsorbents for mitigation of toxic ions is one of the most important areas of research and development. Iron oxides especially in nano form have the potential for removing cations due to their structural properties. In the present work additive assisted nano structured goethite was synthesized at pH ...

  2. Can Co(II) or Cd(II) substitute for Zn(II) in zinc fingers?

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Zinc finger domains consist of sequences of amino acids containing ... acids containing cysteine and histidine residues tetrahedrally coordinated to a zinc ion. .... an inflection at m = 4 (where m is moles of base added per mole of metal ion), followed by a buffer region. This indicates that the sulphur and amino nitrogen, and ...

  3. SYNTHESIS OF POLYEUGENYL OXYACETIC ACID AS A CARRIER TO SEPARATE HEAVY METAL ION Fe (III, Cr(III, Cu(II, Ni(II, Co(II, AND Pb(II THAT USING SOLVENT EXTRACTION METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    La Harimu

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Polyeugenyl oxyacetic acid has been synthesized from polyeugenol and chloroacetic acid and applied to separate metal Fe(III, Cr(III, Cu(II, Ni(II, Co(II, and Pb(II using solvent extraction method. pH effect, polyeugenyl oxyacetic acid ion carrier concentration, extraction time, and metal concentration optimized to gain optimum condition. The result of experiment indicated that polyeugenyl oxyacetic acid resulted the yellowed brown synthesis with melting point 125 °C and yield 68.9%. The Characterization of spectroscopy IR attributed by absorption to the area 1735,8 cm -1 as carbonyl extend vibration (C=O acid and 1H-NMR that was attributed by chemical shift at 4.6 ppm as carboxy proton (CH2-C=0. The metal separation optimum condition gained pH 3-6 for ion Fe(III, pH 5 for ion Cr(III, Ni(II, and Co(II and pH 6 for ion Cu(II, and Pb(II. Optimum carrier concentraction 5 mL, 10 mL, and 15 mL for ion Fe(III, and ion Cr(III, Ni(II, Co(II, and ion Cu(II, Pb(II respectively. Extraction time 2.5 h for ion Fe(III, 20 h for ion Cr(III, and 36 h for ion Cu(II, Pb(II, Ni(II, and Co(II. Metal concentration that would extracted correctly (0.75-5 x 10-4 M for ion Fe(III, (0.75-2.5 x 10-4 M for ion Cr(III, Ni(II, and Co(II and (0.75-1 x 10-4 M for ion Cu(II and Pb(II. The best polyeugenil oxyacetic acid response to separate ion Fe(III than other ions with selectivity order Fe(III> Cr(III> Cu(II> Pb(II> Ni(II> Co(II.   Keywords: polyeugenil oxyacetic acid, pH, extraction time, metal concentraction, solvent extraction

  4. Mechanisms for Fe(III) oxide reduction in sedimentary environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevin, Kelly P.; Lovely, Derek R.

    2002-01-01

    Although it was previously considered that Fe(III)-reducing microorganisms must come into direct contact with Fe(III) oxides in order to reduce them, recent studies have suggested that electron-shuttling compounds and/or Fe(III) chelators, either naturally present or produced by the Fe(III)-reducing microorganisms themselves, may alleviate the need for the Fe(III) reducers to establish direct contact with Fe(III) oxides. Studies with Shewanella alga strain BrY and Fe(III) oxides sequestered within microporous beads demonstrated for the first time that this organism releases a compound(s) that permits electron transfer to Fe(III) oxides which the organism cannot directly contact. Furthermore, as much as 450 w M dissolved Fe(III) was detected in cultures of S. alga growing in Fe(III) oxide medium, suggesting that this organism releases compounds that can solublize Fe(III) from Fe(III) oxide. These results contrast with previous studies, which demonstrated that Geobacter metallireducens does not produce electron-shuttles or Fe(III) chelators. Some freshwater aquatic sediments and groundwaters contained compounds, which could act as electron shuttles by accepting electrons from G. metallireducens and then transferring the electrons to Fe(III). However, other samples lacked significant electron-shuttling capacity. Spectroscopic studies indicated that the electron-shuttling capacity of the waters was not only associated with the presence of humic substances, but water extracts of walnut, oak, and maple leaves contained electron-shuttling compounds did not appear to be humic substances. Porewater from a freshwater aquatic sediment and groundwater from a petroleum-contaminated aquifer contained dissolved Fe(III) (4-16 w M), suggesting that soluble Fe(III) may be available as an electron acceptor in some sedimentary environments. These results demonstrate that in order to accurately model the mechanisms for Fe(III) reduction in sedimentary environments it will be necessary

  5. Batch adsorptive removal of Fe(III), Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions in aqueous and aqueous organic–HCl media by Dowex HYRW2-Na Polisher resin as adsorbents

    OpenAIRE

    Aboul-Magd, Abdul-Aleem Soliman; Al-Husain, Salwa Al-Rashed; Al-Zahrani, Salma Ahmed

    2016-01-01

    Of the metal ions in tap, Nile, waste and sea water samples and some ores were carried out. Removal of heavy metal ions such as Fe(III), Cd(II), Zn(II), Cu(II), Mn(II), Mg(II), and Pb(II) from water and wastewater is obligatory in order to avoid water pollution. Batch shaking adsorption experiments to evaluate the performance of nitric and hydrochloric acid solutions in the removal of metal ions by cation exchange resin at the same conditions for both, such as the effect of initial metal ion ...

  6. Dissimilatory Fe(III) and Mn(IV) reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovley, D R

    1991-06-01

    The oxidation of organic matter coupled to the reduction of Fe(III) or Mn(IV) is one of the most important biogeochemical reactions in aquatic sediments, soils, and groundwater. This process, which may have been the first globally significant mechanism for the oxidation of organic matter to carbon dioxide, plays an important role in the oxidation of natural and contaminant organic compounds in a variety of environments and contributes to other phenomena of widespread significance such as the release of metals and nutrients into water supplies, the magnetization of sediments, and the corrosion of metal. Until recently, much of the Fe(III) and Mn(IV) reduction in sedimentary environments was considered to be the result of nonenzymatic processes. However, microorganisms which can effectively couple the oxidation of organic compounds to the reduction of Fe(III) or Mn(IV) have recently been discovered. With Fe(III) or Mn(IV) as the sole electron acceptor, these organisms can completely oxidize fatty acids, hydrogen, or a variety of monoaromatic compounds. This metabolism provides energy to support growth. Sugars and amino acids can be completely oxidized by the cooperative activity of fermentative microorganisms and hydrogen- and fatty-acid-oxidizing Fe(III) and Mn(IV) reducers. This provides a microbial mechanism for the oxidation of the complex assemblage of sedimentary organic matter in Fe(III)- or Mn(IV)-reducing environments. The available evidence indicates that this enzymatic reduction of Fe(III) or Mn(IV) accounts for most of the oxidation of organic matter coupled to reduction of Fe(III) and Mn(IV) in sedimentary environments. Little is known about the diversity and ecology of the microorganisms responsible for Fe(III) and Mn(IV) reduction, and only preliminary studies have been conducted on the physiology and biochemistry of this process.

  7. Removal of Co(II) from waste water using dry cow dung powder : a green ambrosia to soil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagla, Hemlata; Khilnani, Roshan

    2015-04-01

    Co(II) is one of the hazardous products found in the waste streams. The anthropogenic activities are major sources of Co(II) in our environment. Some of the well-established processes such as chemical precipitation, membrane process, liquid extraction and ion exchange have been applied as a tool for the removal of this metal ion [1]. All the above methods are not considered to be greener due to some of their shortcomings such as incomplete metal ion removal, high requirement of energy and reagents, generation of toxic sludge or other waste materials which in turn require further treatments for their cautious disposal. The present investigation entails the application of dry cow dung powder (DCP) as an indigenous, inexpensive and eco-friendly material for the removal of Co(II) from aqueous medium. DCP, is naturally available bio-organic, complex, polymorphic humified fecal matter of cow and is enriched with minerals, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, bile pigments, aliphatic-aromatic species such as 'Humic acid' (HA), Fulvic acid, Ulmic acid [2,3]. Batch biosorption experiments were conducted employing 60Co(II) as a tracer and effect of various process parameters such as pH (1-8), temperature (283-363K), amount of biosorbent (5-40 g/L), time of equilibration (0-30 min), agitation speed (0-4000 rpm), concentration of initial metal ions (0.5-20 mg/mL) and interfering effect of different organic as well as inorganic salts were studied. The Kinetic studies were carried out employing various models but the best fitting was given by Lagergren Pseudo-second order model [4] with high correlation coefficient R2 value of 0.999 and adsorption capacity of 2.31 mg/g. The thermodynamic parameters for biosorption were also evaluated which indicated spontaneous and exothermic process with high affinity of DCP for Co(II). Many naturally available materials are used for biosorption of hazardous metal pollutants, where most of them are physically or chemically modified. In this research

  8. Sequestration and Distribution Characteristics of Cd(II by Microcystis aeruginosa and Its Role in Colony Formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiangdong Bi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available To investigate the sequestration and distribution characteristics of Cd(II by Microcystis aeruginosa and its role in Microcystis colony formation, M. aeruginosa was exposed to six different Cd(II concentrations for 10 days. Cd(II exposure caused hormesis in the growth of M. aeruginosa. Low concentrations of Cd(II significantly induced formation of small Microcystis colonies (P93% of Cd(II was sequestrated in the groups with lower added concentrations of Cd(II. More than 80% of the sequestrated Cd(II was bioadsorbed by bEPS. The Pearson correlation coefficients of exterior and interior factors related to colony formation of M. aeruginosa revealed that Cd(II could stimulate the production of IPS and bEPS via increasing Cd(II bioaccumulation and bioadsorption. Increased levels of cross-linking between Cd(II and bEPS stimulated algal cell aggregation, which eventually promoted the formation of Microcystis colonies.

  9. Hydration of Cd(II): molecular dynamics study | M. Mohammed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The inclusion of the three-body correction was found to be crucial for the description of the system, and results thus obtained are in good agreement with experimental values. Radial ... KEY WORDS: Molecular dynamics, Umbrella sampling, Hydration structure, Cd(II), Water exchange, Three-body corrections. Bull. Chem.

  10. Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    161. Synthesis, characterisation and electrochemical behaviour of. Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes derived from acetylacetone and p-anisidine and their antimicrobial activity. N RAMAN*, V MUTHURAJ, S RAVICHANDRAN and. A KULANDAISAMY. Department of Chemistry, VHNSN College, Virudhunagar 626 001 ...

  11. Synthesis, physicochemical characterization, DFT calculation and biological activities of Fe(III) and Co(II)-omeprazole complexes. Potential application in the Helicobacter pylori eradication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Marcos G.; Vega Hissi, Esteban G.; Rizzi, Alberto C.; Brondino, Carlos D.; Salinas Ibañez, Ángel G.; Vega, Alba E.; Silva, Humberto J.; Mercader, Roberto; Narda, Griselda E.

    2014-03-01

    The reaction between the antiulcer agent omeprazole (OMZ) with Fe(III) and Co(II) ions was studied, observing a high ability to form metal complexes. The isolated microcrystalline solid complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), magnetic measurements, thermal study, FTIR, UV-Visible, Mössbauer, electronic paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and DFT calculations. The metal-ligand ratio for both complexes was 1:2 determined by elemental and thermal analysis. FTIR spectroscopy showed that OMZ acts as a neutral bidentate ligand through the pyridinic nitrogen of the benzimidazole ring and the oxygen atom of the sulfoxide group, forming a five-membered ring chelate. Electronic, Mössbauer, and EPR spectra together with magnetic measurements indicate a distorted octahedral geometry around the metal ions, where the coordination sphere is completed by two water molecules. SEM and XRPD were used to characterize the morphology and the crystal nature of the complexes. The most favorable conformation for the Fe(III)-OMZ and Co(II)-OMZ complexes was obtained by DFT calculations by using B3LYP/6-31G(d)&LanL2DZ//B3LYP/3-21G(d)&LanL2DZ basis set. Studies of solubility along with the antibacterial activity against Helicobacter pylori for OMZ and its Co(II) and Fe(III) complexes are also reported. Free OMZ and both metal complexes showed antibacterial activity against H. pylori. Co(II)-OMZ presented a minimal inhibitory concentration ˜32 times lower than that of OMZ and ˜65 lower than Fe(III)-OMZ, revealing its promising potential use for the treatment of gastric pathologies associated with the Gram negative bacteria. The morphological changes observed in the cell membrane of the bacteria after the incubation with the metal-complexes were also analyzed by SEM microscopy. The antimicrobial activity of the complexes was proved by the viability test.

  12. Microbiological evidence for Fe(III) reduction on early Earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas, Madeline; Kashefi, Kazem; Blunt-Harris, Elizabeth L.; Lovley, Derek R.

    1998-09-01

    It is generally considered that sulphur reduction was one of the earliest forms of microbial respiration, because the known microorganisms that are most closely related to the last common ancestor of modern life are primarily anaerobic, sulphur-reducing hyperthermophiles. However, geochemical evidence indicates that Fe(III) is more likely than sulphur to have been the first external electron acceptor of global significance in microbial metabolism. Here we show that Archaea and Bacteria that are most closely related to the last common ancestor can reduce Fe(III) to Fe(II) and conserve energy to support growth from this respiration. Surprisingly, even Thermotoga maritima, previously considered to have only a fermentative metabolism, could grow as a respiratory organism when Fe(III) was provided as an electron acceptor. These results provide microbiological evidence that Fe(III) reduction could have been an important process on early Earth and suggest that microorganisms might contribute to Fe(III) reduction in modern hot biospheres. Furthermore, our discovery that hyperthermophiles that had previously been thought to require sulphur for cultivation can instead be grown without the production of toxic and corrosive sulphide, should aid biochemical investigations of these poorly understood organisms.

  13. Particle Aggregation During Fe(III) Bioreduction in Nontronite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaisi, D. P.; Dong, H.; Hi, Z.; Kim, J.

    2005-12-01

    This study was performed to evaluate the rate and mechanism of particle aggregation during bacterial Fe (III) reduction in different size fractions of nontronite and to investigate the role of different factors contributing to particle aggregation. To achieve this goal, microbial Fe(III) reduction experiments were performed with lactate as an electron donor, Fe(III) in nontronite as an electron acceptor, and AQDS as an electron shuttle in bicarbonate buffer using Shewanella putrefaceins CN32. These experiments were performed with and without Na- pyrophosphate as a dispersant in four size fractions of nontronite (0.12-0.22, 0.41-0.69, 0.73-0.96 and 1.42-1.8 mm). The rate of nontronite aggregation during the Fe(III) bioreduction was measured by analyzing particle size distribution using photon correlation spectroscopy (PCS) and SEM images analysis. Similarly, the changes in particle morphology during particle aggregation were determined by analyses of SEM images. Changes in particle surface charge were measured with electrophoretic mobility analyzer. The protein and carbohydrate fraction of EPS produced by cells during Fe(III) bioreduction was measured using Bradford and phenol-sulfuric acid extraction method, respectively. In the presence of the dispersant, the extent of Fe(III) bioreduction was 11.5-12.2% within the first 56 hours of the experiment. There was no measurable particle aggregation in control experiments. The PCS measurements showed that the increase in the effective diameter (95% percentile) was by a factor of 3.1 and 1.9 for particle size of 0.12-0.22 mm and 1.42-1.80 mm, respectively. The SEM image analyses also gave the similar magnitude of increase in particle size. In the absence of the dispersant, the extent of Fe(III) bioreduction was 13.4-14.5% in 56 hours of the experiment. The rate of aggregation was higher than that in the presence of the dispersant. The increase in the effective diameter (95% percentile) was by a factor of 13.6 and 4.1 for

  14. The Adsorption of Cd(II on Manganese Oxide Investigated by Batch and Modeling Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoming Huang

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Manganese (Mn oxide is a ubiquitous metal oxide in sub-environments. The adsorption of Cd(II on Mn oxide as function of adsorption time, pH, ionic strength, temperature, and initial Cd(II concentration was investigated by batch techniques. The adsorption kinetics showed that the adsorption of Cd(II on Mn oxide can be satisfactorily simulated by pseudo-second-order kinetic model with high correlation coefficients (R2 > 0.999. The adsorption of Cd(II on Mn oxide significantly decreased with increasing ionic strength at pH < 5.0, whereas Cd(II adsorption was independent of ionic strength at pH > 6.0, which indicated that outer-sphere and inner-sphere surface complexation dominated the adsorption of Cd(II on Mn oxide at pH < 5.0 and pH > 6.0, respectively. The maximum adsorption capacity of Mn oxide for Cd(II calculated from Langmuir model was 104.17 mg/g at pH 6.0 and 298 K. The thermodynamic parameters showed that the adsorption of Cd(II on Mn oxide was an endothermic and spontaneous process. According to the results of surface complexation modeling, the adsorption of Cd(II on Mn oxide can be satisfactorily simulated by ion exchange sites (X2Cd at low pH and inner-sphere surface complexation sites (SOCd+ and (SO2CdOH− species at high pH conditions. The finding presented herein plays an important role in understanding the fate and transport of heavy metals at the water–mineral interface.

  15. SORPTION-DESORPTION MECHANISM OF Zn(II AND Cd(II ON CHITIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Juari Santosa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This study reports the results of the elucidation of the sorption-desorption mechanism of Zn(II and Cd(II on chitin through the determination of capacity, energy, and rate constant of sorption as well as the investigation of their desorption properties in NaCl and Na2EDTA solutions. The chitin was isolated through deproteination followed by demineralization of crab (Portunus pelagicus Linn shell using NaOH solutions. The sorption of both metal ions followed the Langmuir isotherm model, resulting the sorption capacities of 3.2 x 10-4 and 2.8 x 10-4 mol g-1 for Zn(II and Cd(II, respectively, and sorption energies of 15.1 kJ mol-1 for Zn(II and 17.9 kJ mol-1 for Cd(II. It was also observed that Zn(II was sorbed slightly faster than Cd(II with first order sorption rate constants of 2.82 x 10-3 min-1 for Zn(II and 2.61 x 10-3 min-1 for Cd(II. The result of the desorption experiment showed that Cd(II and especially Zn(II could only be exchanged by Na(I after desorbing those metal ions by strong chelating agent of EDTA2-. The easier desorption of Zn(II than Cd(II by EDTA2- must be attributed by the smaller sorption energy of Zn(II and by harder acid property of Zn(II than Cd(II as EDTA2- contained hard electron donor elements.   Keywords: sorption, desorption, chitin, Zn(II, Cd(II

  16. Estudo dos complexos dos ácidos 4-metoxibenzalpirúvico e cinamalpirúvico com os íons Cd(II) e Co(II)

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Marcela Fonseca

    2000-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências Físicas e Matemáticas. Neste trabalho, as sínteses do cinamalpiruvato de sódio e do 4-metoxibenzalpiruvato de sódio foram realizados com melhores rendimentos obtidos por ligeiras modificações no processo de síntese. Soluções desses compostos foram mantidas em diversos valores de p[H], indicando serem esses compostos estáveis. A análise termogravimétrica dos ligantes e do complexo Cd(4-MeOBP) e no estado só...

  17. Sequestration and Distribution Characteristics of Cd(II) by Microcystis aeruginosa and Its Role in Colony Formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, Xiangdong; Yan, Ran; Li, Fenxiang; Dai, Wei; Jiao, Kewei; Zhou, Qixing; Liu, Qi

    2016-01-01

    To investigate the sequestration and distribution characteristics of Cd(II) by Microcystis aeruginosa and its role in Microcystis colony formation, M. aeruginosa was exposed to six different Cd(II) concentrations for 10 days. Cd(II) exposure caused hormesis in the growth of M. aeruginosa . Low concentrations of Cd(II) significantly induced formation of small Microcystis colonies ( P bEPS) contents of M. aeruginosa significantly ( P 93% of Cd(II) was sequestrated in the groups with lower added concentrations of Cd(II). More than 80% of the sequestrated Cd(II) was bioadsorbed by bEPS. The Pearson correlation coefficients of exterior and interior factors related to colony formation of M. aeruginosa revealed that Cd(II) could stimulate the production of IPS and bEPS via increasing Cd(II) bioaccumulation and bioadsorption. Increased levels of cross-linking between Cd(II) and bEPS stimulated algal cell aggregation, which eventually promoted the formation of Microcystis colonies.

  18. Rapid anaerobic benzene oxidation with a variety of chelated Fe(III) forms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovley, D.R.; Woodward, J.C.; Chapelle, F.H.

    1996-01-01

    Fe(III) chelated to such compounds as EDTA, N-methyliminodiacetie acid, ethanol diglycine, humic acids, and phosphates stimulated benzene oxidation coupled to Fe(III) reduction in anaerobic sediments from a petroleum- contaminated aquifer as effectively as or more effectively than nitrilotriacetic acid did in a previously demonstrated stimulation experiment. These results indicate that many forms of chelated Fe(III) might be applicable to aquifer remediation.

  19. Mechanisms for chelator stimulation of microbial Fe(III) -oxide reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovley, D.R.; Woodward, J.C.

    1996-01-01

    The mechanisms by which nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) stimulated Fe(III) reduction in sediments from a petroleum-contaminated aquifer were investigated in order to gain insight into how added Fe(III) chelators stimulate the activity of hydrocarbon-degrading, Fe(III)-reducing microorganisms in these sediments, and how naturally occurring Fe(III) chelators might promote Fe(III) reduction in aquatic sediments. NTA solubilized Fe(III) from the aquifer sediments. NTA stimulation of microbial Fe(III) reduction did not appear to be the result of making calcium, magnesium, potassium, or trace metals more available to the microorganisms. Stimulation of Fe(III) reduction could not be attributed to NTA serving as a source of carbon or fixed nitrogen for Fe(III)-reducing bacteria as NTA was not degraded in the sediments. Studies with the Fe(III)-reducing microorganism, Geobacter metallireducens, and pure Fe(III)-oxide forms, demonstrated that NTA stimulated the reduction of a variety of Fe(III) forms, including highly crystalline Fe(III)-oxides such as goethite and hematite. The results suggest that NTA solubilization of insoluble Fe(III)-oxide is an important mechanism for the stimulation of Fe(III) reduction by NTA in aquifer sediments.

  20. Studies of the polynuclear complexes of labile ligands of vitamin B1 and Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II) with Fe(III)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ojo, J.O.

    2003-01-01

    The ligands (complex salts) of vitamin B/sub 1/ (H Vit.) and the chlorides of Zn, Cd and Hg with the general formula, [H Vit]/sup +2/ [MCl/sub 4/]/sup -2/ were prepared and their interactions with iron (III) investigated. It was found that the complex salts of Zn and Cd produced the dinuclear complexes and that of mercury produced a complex without the thiamine moiety. The possible reason for the absence of a Hg complex similar to those of Zn and Cd may be that large size of mercury ion. The complexes were characterized by elementary analyses, infrared and visible spectra, magnetic moment and conductivity measurements.(author)

  1. Control of Fe(III) site occupancy on the rate and extent of microbial reduction of Fe(III) in nontronite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaisi, Deb P.; Kukkadapu, R.K.; Eberl, D.D.; Dong, H.

    2005-01-01

    A quantitative study was performed to understand how Fe(III) site occupancy controls Fe(III) bioreduction in nontronite by Shewanella putrefaciens CN32. NAu-1 and NAu-2 were nontronites and contained Fe(III) in different structural sites with 16 and 23% total iron (w/w), respectively, with almost all iron as Fe(III). Mo??ssbauer spectroscopy showed that Fe(III) was present in the octahedral site in NAu-1 (with a small amount of goethite), but in both the tetrahedral and the octahedral sites in NAu-2. Mo??ssbauer data further showed that the octahedral Fe(III) in NAu-2 existed in at least two environments- trans (M1) and cis (M2) sites. The microbial Fe(III) reduction in NAu-1 and NAu-2 was studied in batch cultures at a nontronite concentration of 5 mg/mL in bicarbonate buffer with lactate as the electron donor. The unreduced and bioreduced nontronites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Mo??ssbauer spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). In the presence of an electron shuttle, anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS), the extent of bioreduction was 11%-16% for NAu-1 but 28%-32% for NAu-2. The extent of reduction in the absence of AQDS was only 5%-7% for NAu-1 but 14%-18% for NAu-2. The control experiments with heat killed cells and without cells did not show any appreciable reduction (medium without added nutrients, possibly due to presence of naturally existing nutrients in the nontronite clays. These results suggest that crystal chemical environment of Fe(III) is an important determinant in controlling the rate and extent of microbial reduction of Fe(III) in nontronite. Copyright ?? 2005 Elsevier Ltd.

  2. The Adsorption of Cd(II) on Manganese Oxide Investigated by Batch and Modeling Techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xiaoming; Chen, Tianhu; Zou, Xuehua; Zhu, Mulan; Chen, Dong; Pan, Min

    2017-09-28

    Manganese (Mn) oxide is a ubiquitous metal oxide in sub-environments. The adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide as function of adsorption time, pH, ionic strength, temperature, and initial Cd(II) concentration was investigated by batch techniques. The adsorption kinetics showed that the adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide can be satisfactorily simulated by pseudo-second-order kinetic model with high correlation coefficients (R² > 0.999). The adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide significantly decreased with increasing ionic strength at pH adsorption was independent of ionic strength at pH > 6.0, which indicated that outer-sphere and inner-sphere surface complexation dominated the adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide at pH 6.0, respectively. The maximum adsorption capacity of Mn oxide for Cd(II) calculated from Langmuir model was 104.17 mg/g at pH 6.0 and 298 K. The thermodynamic parameters showed that the adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide was an endothermic and spontaneous process. According to the results of surface complexation modeling, the adsorption of Cd(II) on Mn oxide can be satisfactorily simulated by ion exchange sites (X₂Cd) at low pH and inner-sphere surface complexation sites (SOCd⁺ and (SO)₂CdOH - species) at high pH conditions. The finding presented herein plays an important role in understanding the fate and transport of heavy metals at the water-mineral interface.

  3. STRUCTURE OF Co(III) AND Fe(III) TRANSITION METAL IONS IN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia ... The hydration structures of Co(III) and Fe(III) ions have been investigated by Metropolis Monte Carlo (MC) simulations using only ion-water pair interaction ... KEY WORDS: Metropolis Monte Carlo simulation, Hydration structure, Fe(III) and Co(III) ions, Three-body corrections

  4. Synthesis, crystal structure, spectroscopic characterization and nonlinear optical properties of Co(II)- picolinate complex

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tamer, Ömer, E-mail: omertamer@sakarya.edu.tr; Avcı, Davut; Atalay, Yusuf

    2015-11-15

    A cobalt(II) complex of picolinate was synthesized, and its structure was fully characterized by the applying of X-ray diffraction method as well as FT-IR, FT-Raman and UV–vis spectroscopies. In order to both support the experimental results and convert study to more advanced level, density functional theory calculations were performed by using B3LYP level. Single crystal X-ray structural analysis shows that cobalt(II) ion was located to the center of distorted octahedral geometry. The C=O, C=C and C=N stretching vibrations were found as highly active and strong peaks, inducing the molecular charge transfer within Co(II) complex. The small energy gap between frontier molecular orbital energies was another indicator of molecular charge transfer interactions within Co(II) complex. The nonlinear optical properties of Co(II) complex were investigated at DFT/B3LYP level, and the hypepolarizability parameter was found to be decreased due to the presence of inversion symmetry. The natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis was performed to investigate molecular stability, hyperconjugative interactions, intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) and bond strength for Co(II) complex. Finally, molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) and spin density distributions for Co(II) complex were evaluated. - Highlights: • Co(II) complex of picolinate was prepared. • Its FT-IR, FT-Raman and UV–vis spectra were measured. • DFT calculations were performed to support experimental results. • Small HOMO-LUMO energy gap is an indicator of molecular charge transfer. • Spin density localized on Co(II) as well as O and N atoms.

  5. STUDY ON ADSORPTION OF Cd(II BY CHITOSAN-ALUMINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darjito Darjito

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available One techniques to reduce the concentration of heavy metal Cd(II in aqueous solution is adsorption by chitosan. To modify the surface textures and expose the active binding sites, composite biosorbent has been prepared by coating chitosan onto alumina. The aims of this research were to identify the functional group of chitosan-alumina, to characterize adsorption of Cd(II by using chitosan-alumina adsorbent including optimum pH, optimum agitation time, and to determine the adsorption capacity of the adsorbent. The functional group of chitosan-alumina was identified by infrared spectrophotometer. Determination of the optimum condition was carried out at 40 ppm Cd(II, 125 rpm and 0,1 g adsorbent. Calculation of adsorpted Cd(II based on its concentration in aqueous phase before and after adsorption process. The concentrations of Cd(II in aqueous phase after adsorption process  were determined by using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS. Identified functional groups of chitosan-alumina were -OH (3466.39 cm-1, -NH amine (1625.15 cm-1, C=O (1703.30 cm-1, and Al-O (1302.07 cm-1. The optimum pH was reached at pH 7, optimum agitation time at 15 minutes, and adsorption capacity of chitosan-alumina was 15.35 ± 0.05 mg/g.   Keywords: adsorption, chitosan-alumina, characterization of adsorption

  6. Cd(II) removal on surface-modified activated carbon: equilibrium, kinetics and mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Jianjun; Liu, Meiling; Zhang, Yufei

    2016-10-01

    Commercial pulverous activated carbon (AC-0) was modified through two steps: oxidize AC-0 acid firstly, impregnate it with iron using ferric chloride secondly. Orthogonal experiment was conducted then to prepare modified activated carbon with high Cd(II) adsorption capacity (ACNF). Batch adsorption experiments were undertaken to determine the adsorption characteristics of Cd(II) from aqueous solution onto AC-0 and ACNF and the effect of pH, contact time and initial Cd(II) concentration. The results indicate that: the adsorption behavior of Cd(II) on ACNF can be well fitted with Langmuir model, and the maximum adsorption capacity of ACNF was 2.3 times higher than that of AC-0, supporting a monolayer coverage of Cd(II) on the surface. The kinetics of the adsorption process can be described by pseudo-second-order rate equation very well, and the adsorption capacity increased from 0.810 mg/g to 0.960 mg/g after modification. Compared with AC-0, the kinetic parameters of ACNF showed a higher adsorption rate through the aqueous solution to the solid surface and a lower intraparticle diffusion rate. Surface modification resulted in a lower Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area and pore size because of the collapse and blockage of pores, according to the X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, while the total number of surface oxygen acid groups increased, and this was supposed to contribute to the enhanced adsorption capacity of modified activated carbon.

  7. SINGLE AND DOUBLE IMPRINTED POLYMER FOR SELECTIVE RECOGNITION OF Cd(II IONS IN AQUEOUS MEDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebru Birlik ÖZKÜTÜK

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we have reported the synthesis of a new single and double-imprinted polymeric material for the separation of Cd(II ions in aqueous solutions. Chitosan has choosen as the Cd(II metal complexing big polymer for single and double imprinted polymers. In the synthesis of single imprinted polymer, Cd(II-complexed chitosan has crosslinked by epichlorohydrin. In the synthesis of double imprinted polymer, Cd(II-complexed chitosan was reacted with 3-mercaptopropyl-trimethoxysilane. Then, the polymeric beads have crosslinked with tetraethoxysilane (TEOS. The imprinted cadmium ions have removed from the polymeric matrix by 0.1M HNO3 (to prepare Cd(II templates. Optimum pH for rebinding of Cd(II on the single and double-imprinted polymers was 7.0. Equilibrium binding time and sorbent capacity have been found as 120 and 60 min, 342 and 172 mg g-1 for single and double imprinted polymers, respectively. In selectivity studies, it has been found that double imprinted results in increased affinity of the material toward Cd(II ion over other competitor metal ions with the same charge. The prepared single and double-imprinted polymers have repeatedly used and regenerated for thirty times without a significant decrease in polymer binding affinities.

  8. Adsorption of Cd(II) Metal Ion on Adsorbent beads from Biomass Saccharomycess cereviceae - Chitosan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasri; Mudasir

    2018-01-01

    The adsorbent beads that was preparation from Saccharomycess cereviceae culture strain FN CC 3012 and shrimp shells waste and its application for adsorption of Cd (II) metal ion has been studied. The study start with combination of Saccharomycess cereviceae biomass to chitosan (Sc-Chi), contact time, pH of solution and initial concentration of cations. Total Cd(II) metal ion adsorbed was calculated from the difference of metal ion concentration before and after adsorption by AAS. The results showed that optimum condition for adsorption of Cd(II) ions by Sc-Chi beads was achieved with solution pH of 4, contact time of 60 minutes and initial concentration adsorption 100mg/L. The hydroxyl (-OH) and amino (-NH2) functional groups were believed to be responsible for the adsorption of Cd(II) ions.

  9. Potentiometric titration of Co(II) in presence of Co(III).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norkus, E

    1998-12-01

    A potentiometric titration for cobalt(II) determination in the presence of Co(III) based on the oxidation of Co(II) with Na(2)CrO(4) in ethylenediamine medium and back-titration of the oxidant excess with (NH(4))(2)Fe(SO(4))(2) in acid medium is described. The titration is monitored with a Pt indicator electrode and carried out until the greatest jump of potential from one drop of titrant appears. A RSD smaller than 1.5% has been obtained for 50-300 mumol Co(II). The method proposed was applied in the analysis of a new type electroless copper plating solutions containing Co(II)-ethylenediamine complex compounds as reducing agents. Cu(II), Co(III) and Cr(III) do not interfere in the determination of Co(II).

  10. Dissimilatory Reduction of Cr(VI), Fe(III), and U(VI) by Cellulomonas Isolates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, William Aaron; Apel, William Arnold; Peyton, B. M.; Petersen, J. N.; Sani, R.

    2002-10-01

    The reduction of Cr(VI), Fe(III), and U(VI) was studied using three recently isolated environmental Cellulomonas sp. (WS01, WS18, and ES5) and a known Cellulomonas strain (Cellulomonas flavigena ATCC 482) under anaerobic, non-growth conditions. In all cases, these cultures were observed to reduce Cr(VI), Fe(III), and U(VI). In 100 h, with lactate as electron donor, the Cellulomonas isolates (500 mg/l total cell protein) reduced nitrilotriacetic acid chelated Fe(III) [Fe(III)-NTA] from 5 mM to less than 2.2 mM, Cr(VI) from 0.2 mM to less than 0.001 mM, and U(VI) from 0.2 mM to less than 0.12 mM. All Cellulomonas isolates also reduced Cr(VI), Fe(III), and U(VI) in the absence of lactate, while no metal reduction was observed in either the cell-free or heat-killed cell controls. This is the first report of Cellulomonas sp. reducing Fe(III) and U(VI). Further, this is the first report of Cellulomonas spp. coupling the oxidation of lactate, or other unknown electron donors in the absence of lactate, to the reduction of Cr(VI), Fe(III), and U(VI).

  11. Dissimilatory reduction of Cr(VI), Fe(III), and U(VI) by Cellulomonas isolates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sani, R K; Peyton, B M; Smith, W A; Apel, W A; Petersen, J N

    2002-10-01

    The reduction of Cr(VI), Fe(III), and U(VI) was studied using three recently isolated environmental Cellulomonas sp. (WS01, WS18, and ES5) and a known Cellulomonas strain ( Cellulomonas flavigena ATCC 482) under anaerobic, non-growth conditions. In all cases, these cultures were observed to reduce Cr(VI), Fe(III), and U(VI). In 100 h, with lactate as electron donor, the Cellulomonas isolates (500 mg/l total cell protein) reduced nitrilotriacetic acid chelated Fe(III) [Fe(III)-NTA] from 5 mM to less than 2.2 mM, Cr(VI) from 0.2 mM to less than 0.001 mM, and U(VI) from 0.2 mM to less than 0.12 mM. All Cellulomonas isolates also reduced Cr(VI), Fe(III), and U(VI) in the absence of lactate, while no metal reduction was observed in either the cell-free or heat-killed cell controls. This is the first report of Cellulomonas sp. reducing Fe(III) and U(VI). Further, this is the first report of Cellulomonas spp. coupling the oxidation of lactate, or other unknown electron donors in the absence of lactate, to the reduction of Cr(VI), Fe(III), and U(VI).

  12. Utilization of rice husk waste for Cd(II) adsorbent and its analysis using solid-phase spectrophotometry (sps)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saputro, S.; Masykuri, M.; Mahardiani, L.; Arini, S.; Ramelan, A. H.

    2017-04-01

    This research aims to know the use of rice husk waste for metal ion adsorbent of Cd(II), the optimum mass which are needed, the sensitivity of SPS as a method to determine the reduction level of Cd(II) metal ions in the level of μg/L. This research was conducted by using an experimental method in the laboratory. The used adsorbent in this research is rice husk charcoal which activated using ZnCl2 10% solution. Determination of the optimum adsorbent mass was done with reacted 0.5; 1.0; 1.5; 2.0; and 2.5 g of adsorbent and 20 mL Cd(II) which have concentration 75.27 μg/L during 30 minutes. Analysis the levels of Cd(II) used SPS method and characterization of adsorbent used FTIR. The result showed that activated rice husk charcoal can be used as adsorbent for Cd(II) metal ions in the simulated liquid waste with the adsorption capacity of 0.58 μg/g, the optimum mass was 2.0 gram with percentage of the adsorbed Cd(II) of 77.87%, SPS is a sensitive method to determine the reduction levels of Cd(II) metal ions in the level of μg/L with the limit of detection (LOD) was 0.06 μg/L.

  13. Adsorption of Mn(II) and Co(II) ions from aqueous solution using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The adsorption of Mn(II) and Co(II) ions from aqueous solution was investigated using batch adsorption experiment at room temperature. The effect of pH, contact time, metal ion concentration and temperature were evaluated. The residual concentrations of the metal ions were determined by atomic absorption ...

  14. Chemical speciation of L-glutamine complexes with Co(II), Ni(II) and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The impact of cationic micelles on the protonation equilibria of L-glutamine and chemical speciation of its complexes with Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) have been studied by monitoring hydrogen ion concentration pH metrically at 303 K and at an ionic strength of 0.16 M. The protonation constants and binary stability constants ...

  15. Cd(II) adsorption on various adsorbents obtained from charred biomaterials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhenze; Katsumi, Takeshi; Imaizumi, Shigeyoshi; Tang, Xiaowu; Inui, Toru

    2010-11-15

    Cadmium could cause severe toxicant impact to living beings and is especially mobile in the environment. Biomass is abundant and effective to adsorb heavy metals, but is easy to be decomposed biologically which affects the reliability of long-run application. Several biomasses were charred with and without additives at temperatures less than 200°C in this study. The prepared adsorbents were further testified to remove Cd(II) from aqueous solution. Equilibrium and kinetic studies were performed in batch conditions. The effect of several experimental parameters on the cadmium adsorption kinetics namely: contact time, initial cadmium concentration, sorbent dose, initial pH of solution and ionic strength was evaluated. Kinetic study confirmed (1) the rapid adsorption of Cd(II) on GC within 10 min and (2) the following gradual intraparticle diffusion inwards the sorbent at neutral pH and outwards at strong acidic solution. The grass char (GC) was selected for further test according to its high adsorption capacity (115.8 mg g(-1)) and affinity (Langmuir type isotherm). The Cd(II) removal efficiency was increased with increasing solution pH while the highest achieved at sorbent dosage 10.0 g L(-1). The ionic strength affects the sorption of Cd(II) on GC to a limited extent whereas calcium resulted in larger competition to the sorption sites than potassium. Spectroscopic investigation revealed the adsorption mechanisms between Cd(II) and surface functional groups involving amine, carboxyl and iron oxide. The long-term stability of the pyrolyzed grass char and the potential application in engineering practices were discussed. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Cd(II) adsorption on various adsorbents obtained from charred biomaterials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Zhenze; Katsumi, Takeshi; Imaizumi, Shigeyoshi; Tang Xiaowu; Inui, Toru

    2010-01-01

    Cadmium could cause severe toxicant impact to living beings and is especially mobile in the environment. Biomass is abundant and effective to adsorb heavy metals, but is easy to be decomposed biologically which affects the reliability of long-run application. Several biomasses were charred with and without additives at temperatures less than 200 deg. C in this study. The prepared adsorbents were further testified to remove Cd(II) from aqueous solution. Equilibrium and kinetic studies were performed in batch conditions. The effect of several experimental parameters on the cadmium adsorption kinetics namely: contact time, initial cadmium concentration, sorbent dose, initial pH of solution and ionic strength was evaluated. Kinetic study confirmed (1) the rapid adsorption of Cd(II) on GC within 10 min and (2) the following gradual intraparticle diffusion inwards the sorbent at neutral pH and outwards at strong acidic solution. The grass char (GC) was selected for further test according to its high adsorption capacity (115.8 mg g -1 ) and affinity (Langmuir type isotherm). The Cd(II) removal efficiency was increased with increasing solution pH while the highest achieved at sorbent dosage 10.0 g L -1 . The ionic strength affects the sorption of Cd(II) on GC to a limited extent whereas calcium resulted in larger competition to the sorption sites than potassium. Spectroscopic investigation revealed the adsorption mechanisms between Cd(II) and surface functional groups involving amine, carboxyl and iron oxide. The long-term stability of the pyrolyzed grass char and the potential application in engineering practices were discussed.

  17. Synthesis, characterization, biological activity and DNA cleavage studies of tridentate Schiff bases and their Co(II complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Kavitha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present study a series of Co(II complexes of formyl chromone Schiff bases have been synthesized characterized by analytical, molar conductance, IR, electronic, magnetic susceptibility, thermal, fluorescence and powder XRD measurements and screened for various biological activities (antimicrobial, antioxidant, nematicidal, DNA cleavage and cytotoxicity. In all the Co(II complexes 1:2 metal to ligand molar ratio was obtained from analytical data. The molar conductance data confirm that all complexes are non-electrolytic in nature. Based on the electronic and magnetic data, an octahedral geometry is ascribed for all the Co(II complexes. Thermal behaviour of the synthesized complexes illustrates the general decomposition patterns of the complexes. The X-ray analysis data show that all the Co(II complexes have triclinic crystal system with different unit cell parameters. Metal complexes have greater antimicrobial activity than ligands. Antioxidant and nematicidal activities indicate that the ligands exhibit greater activity when compared to their respective Co(II complexes. All ligands and Co(II complexes of HL1 and HL2 showed considerable anticancer activity against Raw, MCF-7 and COLO 205 cell lines. All ligands and their Co(II complexes showed more pronounced DNA cleavage activity in the presence of H2O2.

  18. Genetic evidence that induction of root Fe(III) chelate reductase activity is necessary for iron uptake under iron deficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Y; Guerinot, M L

    1996-11-01

    Reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II) by Fe(III) chelate reductase is thought to be an obligatory step in iron uptake as well as the primary factor in making iron available for absorption by all plants except grasses. Fe(III) chelate reductase has also been suggested to play a more general role in the regulation of cation absorption. In order to experimentally address the importance of Fe(III) chelate reductase activity in the mineral nutrition of plants, three Arabidopsis thaliana mutans (frd1-1, frd1-2 and frd1-3), that do not show induction of Fe(III) chelate reductase activity under iron-deficient growth conditions, have been isolated and characterized. These mutants are still capable of acidifying the rhizosphere under iron-deficiency and accumulate more Zn and Mn in their shoots relative to wild-type plants regardless of iron status. frd1 mutants do not translocate radiolabeled iron to the shoots when roots are presented with a tightly chelated form of Fe(III). These results: (1) confirm that iron must be reduced before it can be transported, (2) show that Fe(III) reduction can be uncoupled from proton release, the other major iron-deficiency response, and (3) demonstrate that Fe(III) chelate reductase activity per se is not necessarily responsible for accumulation of cations previously observed in pea and tomato mutants with constitutively high levels of Fe(III) chelate reductase activity.

  19. Simultaneous Fe(III) reduction and ammonia oxidation process in Anammox sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiang; Huang, Yong; Liu, Heng-Wei; Wu, Chuan; Bi, Wei; Yuan, Yi; Liu, Xin

    2018-02-01

    In recent years, there have been a number of reports on the phenomenon in which ferric iron (Fe(III)) is reduced to ferrous iron [Fe(II)] in anaerobic environments, accompanied by simultaneous oxidation of ammonia to NO 2 - , NO 3 - , or N 2. However, studies on the relevant reaction characteristics and mechanisms are rare. Recently, in research on the effect of Fe(III) on the activity of Anammox sludge, excess ammonia oxidization has also been found. Hence, in the present study, Fe(III) was used to serve as the electron acceptor instead of NO 2 - , and the feasibility and characteristics of Anammox coupled to Fe(III) reduction (termed Feammox) were investigated. After 160days of cultivation, the conversion rate of ammonia in the reactor was above 80%, accompanied by the production of a large amount of NO 3 - and a small amount of NO 2 - . The total nitrogen removal rate was up to 71.8%. Furthermore, quantities of Fe(II) were detected in the sludge fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and denaturated gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analyses further revealed that in the sludge, some Anammox bacteria were retained, and some microbes were enriched during the acclimatization process. We thus deduced that in Anammox sludge, Fe(III) reduction takes place together with ammonia oxidation to NO 2 - and NO 3 - along with the Anammox process. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  20. Electrochemistry of carbonaceous materials; 1. Oxidation of Sardinian coal by Fe(III) ions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomat, R.; Salmaso, R.; Zecchin, S. (CNR-Instituto di Polarografia ed Elettrochimica Preparativa, Padova (Italy))

    1992-04-01

    Oxidation of subbitiminous coal (Sulcis basin, Sardinia, Italy) by Fe(III) ions in aqueous H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} solution was investigated over a wide temperature range (20-80{degree}C). Experimental results are in accord with a reaction scheme involving a reversible complex between coal particles and Fe(III) ions as a first step in the oxidation process. At low coal concentration, the reaction rate follows first-order kinetics in both coal and ferric ions (overall second order), while at sufficiently high coal concentration, the reaction rate is consistent with first-order kinetics in Fe(III) concentration, appearing to be independent of coal concentration. The kinetic results obtained give preliminary information on the advantageous use of the Fe(III)/slurried coal reaction system to depolarize the anodic compartment of an electrolysis cell, for the production of H{sub 2}. 11 refs., 5 figs.

  1. Microbial removal of Fe(III) impurities from clay using dissimilatory iron reducers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, E Y; Cho, K S; Ryu, H W; Chang, Y K

    1999-01-01

    Fe(III) impurities, which detract refractoriness and whiteness from porcelain and pottery, could be biologically removed from low-quality clay by indigenous dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducing microorganisms. Insoluble Fe(III) in clay particles was leached out as soluble Fe(II), and the Fe(III) reduction reaction was coupled to the oxidation of sugars such as glucose, maltose and sucrose. A maximum removal of 44-45% was obtained when the relative amount of sugar was 5% (w/w; sugar/clay). By the microbial treatment, the whiteness of the clay was increased from 63.20 to 79.64, whereas the redness was clearly decreased from 13.47 to 3.55.

  2. Batch adsorptive removal of Fe(III, Cu(II and Zn(II ions in aqueous and aqueous organic–HCl media by Dowex HYRW2-Na Polisher resin as adsorbents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul-Aleem Soliman Aboul-Magd

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Of the metal ions in tap, Nile, waste and sea water samples and some ores were carried out. Removal of heavy metal ions such as Fe(III, Cd(II, Zn(II, Cu(II, Mn(II, Mg(II, and Pb(II from water and wastewater is obligatory in order to avoid water pollution. Batch shaking adsorption experiments to evaluate the performance of nitric and hydrochloric acid solutions in the removal of metal ions by cation exchange resin at the same conditions for both, such as the effect of initial metal ion concentration, different proportions of some organic solvents, H+-ion concentrations and reaction temperature on the partition coefficients. The metal adsorption for the cation exchanger was found to be significant in different media for both nitric and hydrochloric acids, i.e., the adsorption up take of metal ions presented in this work is very significant depending on the characteristics of ions and on the external concentrations of solute. The presence of low ionic strength or low concentration of acids does have a significant adsorption of metal ions on ion-exchange resin. The results show that the ion exchanger could be employed for the preconcentration, separation and the determination.

  3. Stimulated anoxic biodegradation of aromatic hydrocarbons using Fe(III) ligands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovley, D.R.; Woodward, J.C.; Chapelle, F.H.

    1994-01-01

    Contamination of ground waters with water-soluble aromatic hydrocarbons, common components of petroleum pollution, often produces anoxic conditions under which microbial degradation of the aromatics is slow. Oxygen is often added to contaminated ground water to stimulate biodegradation, but this can be technically difficult and expensive. Insoluble Fe(III) oxides, which are generally abundant in shallow aquifers, are alternative potential oxidants, but are difficult for microorganisms to access. Here we report that adding organic ligands that bind to Fe(III) dramatically increases its bioavailability, and that in the presence of these ligands, rates of degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons in anoxic aquifer sediments are comparable to those in oxic sediments. We find that even benzene, which is notoriously refractory in the absence of oxygen, can be rapidly degraded. Our results suggest that increasing the bioavailability of Fe(III) by adding suitable ligands provides a potential alternative to oxygen addition for the bioremediation of petroleum-contaminated aquifers.Contamination of ground waters with water-soluble aromatic hydrocarbons, common components of petroleum pollution, often produces anoxic conditions under which microbial degradation of the aromatics is slow. Oxygen is often added to contaminated ground water to stimulate biodegradation, but this can be technically difficult and expensive. Insoluble Fe(III) oxides, which are generally abundant in shallow aquifers, are alternative potential oxidants, but are difficult for microorganisms to access. Here we report that adding organic ligands that bind to Fe(III) dramatically increases its bioavailability, and that in the presence of these ligands, rates of degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons in anoxic aquifer sediments are comparable to those in oxic sediments. We find that even benzene, which is notoriously refractory in the absence of oxygen, can be rapidly degraded. Our results suggest that increasing

  4. Combining polyethylenimine and Fe(III) for mediating pDNA transfection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorge, Andreia F; Röder, Ruth; Kos, Petra; Dias, Rita S; Wagner, Ernst; Pais, Alberto A C C

    2015-06-01

    The potential use of Fe(III) ions in biomedical applications may predict the interest of its combination with pDNA-PEI polyplexes. The present work aims at assessing the impact of this metal on pDNA complex properties. Variations in the formation of complexes were imposed by using two types of biological buffers at different salt conditions. The incorporation of pDNA in complexes was characterised by gel electrophoresis and dynamic light scattering. Transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity were evaluated in HeLa and HUH-7 cell lines, supported by flow cytometry assays. Fe(III) enhances pDNA incorporation in the complex, irrespective of the buffer used. Transfection studies reveal that the addition of Fe(III) to complexes at low ionic strength reduces gene transfection, while those prepared under high salt content do not affect or, in a specific case, increase gene transfection up to 5 times. This increase may be a consequence of a favoured interaction of polyplexes with cell membrane and uptake. At low salt conditions, results attained with chloroquine indicate that the metal may inhibit polyplex endosomal escape. A reduction on the amount of PEI (N/P 5) formed at intermediary ionic strength, complemented by Fe(III), reduces the size of complexes while maintaining a transfection efficiency similar to that obtained to N/P 6. Fe(III) emerges as a good supporting condensing agent to modulate pDNA-PEI properties, including condensation, size and cytotoxicity, without a large penalty on gene transfection. This study highlights important aspects that govern pDNA transfection and elucidates the benefits of incorporating the versatile Fe(III) in a gene delivery system. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Speciation of binary complexes of Pb(II) and Cd(II) with L ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chemical speciation of L-Asparagine complexes of Pb(II) and Cd(II) in presence of (0-50% v/v) dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO)-water mixtures has been studied potentiometrically at 303.0 K and at an ionic strength of 0.16 mol L-1. The models containing different number of species were refined by using the computer program ...

  6. Magnetic anisotropy of a Co-II single ion magnet with distorted trigonal prismatic coordination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peng, Yan; Bodenstein, Tilmann; Fink, Karin

    2016-01-01

    (methanylylidene)) bis(2-methoxyphenol) coordinates to Co(II) does indeed lead to enhanced single-ion behaviour as has previously been predicted. Synthesis of the compound, structural information, and static as well as dynamic magnetic data are presented along with an analysis using quantum chemical ab initio......The single ion magnetic properties of Co(II) are affected by the details of the coordination geometry of the ion. Here we show that a geometry close to trigonal prismatic which arises when the ligand 6,6'-((1Z)-((piperazine-1,4-diylbis(propane-3,1-diyl)) bis(azanylylidene)) bis...... calculations. Though the complex shows a slight deviation from an ideal trigonal prismatic coordination, the zero-field splitting as well as the g-tensor are strongly axial with D = -41 cm(-1) and E

  7. Understanding the Lewis Acidity of Co(II) Sites on a Silica Surface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estes, Deven P; Cook, Amanda K; Lam, Erwin; Wong, Louise; Copéret, Christophe

    2017-07-17

    Heterogeneous catalysts consisting of isolated transition-metal sites dispersed on the surface of metal oxide supports are commonly used in the chemical industry. Often their reactivity relies on the Lewis acidity of the active sites on the surface of the catalyst. A recent report from our group showed that silica-supported Co(II) sites, prepared via surface organometallic chemistry, are active in both alkene hydrogenation and alkane dehydrogenation, possibly linked to the Lewis acidity of the Co(II) sites. Here we use molecular probes and analogues to both qualitatively and quantitatively model the Lewis acidity of the surface sites. Some sites do not bind probe molecules like carbon monoxide, tetrahydrofuran, and olefins, while others exhibit a continuum of Lewis acidities. This is consistent with variations in the coordination environment of Co. These results suggest that only the most Lewis acidic sites are involved in dehydrogenation and hydrogenation, consistent with catalyst poisoning studies.

  8. Synthesis of kaolinite/iron oxide magnetic composites and their use in the removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zong, Pengfei; Wang, Shoufang; He, Chaohui

    2013-01-01

    Kaolinite/iron oxide magnetic composites (kaolinite/MCs) were used as adsorbent for the removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions. The influences of pH, ionic strength, solid/liquid ratio and temperature on Cd(II) sorption on kaolinite/MCs were evaluated. The results showed that the removal of Cd(II) on kaolinite/MCs was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength. An optimal kaolinite/MCs concentration mass per volume for removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions was 1.4 g L(-1). The Langmuir and Freundlich models were used to simulate sorption isotherms of Cd(II) at three different temperatures of 293, 313 and 333 K. The sorption of Cd(II) on kaolinite/MCs increased with increasing temperature, and thermodynamic parameters (standard entropy change, enthalpy change and Gibbs free energy change) illustrated that this sorption process was spontaneous and endothermic. The sorption behaviors of Cd(II) were mainly dependent on surface properties of kaolinite/MCs and solution chemistry conditions. The sorption capacity of Cd(II) on kaolinite/MCs was lower than that on kaolinite, because iron oxide particles decreased surface charge of kaolinite leading to less sorption capacity. Due to high magnetism, kaolinite/MCs could be easily separated with an external magnetic field. Kaolinite/MCs could therefore be used as potential adsorbent for preconcentration and immobilization of Cd(II) ions from large volumes of aqueous solutions.

  9. Biogenic Fe(III) minerals lower the efficiency of iron-mineral-based commercial filter systems for arsenic removal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kleinert, Susanne; Muehe, Eva M.; Posth, Nicole R.

    2011-01-01

    Millions of people worldwide are affected by As (arsenic) contaminated groundwater. Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxides sorb As efficiently and are therefore used in water purification filters. Commercial filters containing abiogenic Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxides (GEH) showed varying As removal, and it was unclear...

  10. Adsorption of Ni(II and Cd(II from Aqueous Solutions Using Modified Rice Husk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheil Sobhanardakani

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and purpose: Recently, release of pollutants such as heavy metal ions to the environment becomes one of the most important problems for soil and water. The present study was conducted to introduce modified rice husk (RH as a new low-cost adsorbent. Materials and Methods: In this study, tartaric acid modified RH (TARH, was used as an adsorbent for removal of Ni(II and Cd(II from water samples. This study was conducted in laboratory scale. Employing batch method, solution pH, adsorbent dose, contact time, and initial metals concentration were optimized. Results: The optimum pH for removing of both the investigated metal ions from water solutions was found to be 4.0. The process of Ni(II and Cd(II adsorption on TARH reached equilibrium within 45 min. The isotherm evaluations revealed that the Langmuir model attained better fits of the experimental equilibrium data than the Freundlich model. In addition, adsorption kinetics data were well-fitted by the pseudo-second-order rate model with high regression coefficients. Conclusion: It was found that TARH is a highly efficient adsorbent for Ni and Cd from aqueous solution, and the maximum predicted adsorption capacities for Ni(II and Cd(II were obtained as 55.5 and 45.5 mg/g, respectively.

  11. Cd(II Sorption on Iranian nano zeolites: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taher Yousefi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available An uptake of Cd(II from aqueous solutions by ion exchange on Iranian natural zeolitic (TOSKA has been studied. Experiments were carried out using batch method as a function of the initial concentration of metal ions, contact time, and temperature. The adsorbent is characterized using XRF, FTIR, TEM, and XRD. The TEM images showed that the zeolite particle sizes are reduced into the size range of less than 90 nm by means of ball milling. The characterization of sample indicates that the natural zeolite used in this study was classified into clinoptilolite. Equilibrium modelling data were fitted to linear Langmuir and Freundlich models. Thermodynamics parameters such as change in free energy (ΔG◦, enthalpy (ΔH◦ and entropy (ΔS◦ were also calculated. The negative values obtained for ΔG◦ indicated that the sorption of Cd(II on natural zeolite was spontaneous at all studied concentrations. These results show that natural zeolites hold great potential to remove Cd(II from industrial wastewater.

  12. AMINO AND MERCAPTO-SILICA HYBRID FOR Cd(II ADSORPTION IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION

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    Buhani Buhani

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Modification of silica gel with 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane and 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane through sol-gel technique producing amino-silica hybrid (HAS and mercapto-silica hybrid (HMS, respectively, has been carried out using tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS as silica source. The adsorbents were characterized using infrared spectroscopy (IR, and X-ray energy dispersion spectroscopy (EDX. Adsorption of Cd(II individually as well as its binary mixture with Ni(II, Cu(II, and Zn(II in solution was performed in a batch system. Adsorption capacities of Cd(II ion on adsorbent of silica gel (SG, HAS, and HMS are 86.7, 256.4 and 319.5 μmol/g with the adsorption energies are 24.60, 22.61 and 23.15 kJ/mol, respectively. Selectivity coefficient (α of Cd(II ion toward combination of Cd(II/Ni(II, Cd(II/Cu(II, and Cd(II/Zn(II ions on HAS adsorbent is relatively smaller than those on HMS adsorbent which has α > 1.   Keywords: adsorption, amino-silica hybrid, mercapto-silica

  13. Removal of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions by synthetic mineral adsorbent: Performance and mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Gongning; Shah, Kinjal J.; Shi, Lin; Chiang, Pen-Chi

    2017-07-01

    A synthetic mineral adsorbent (SMA) was prepared by mechanochemical treatments of a solid-state mixture containing illite, wollastonite, gypsum, limestone and dolomite powder at a molar ration of 1:1:1:12:3. The XRD patterns revealed that many newly-generated minerals, namely montmorillonite, laumonite and gismondine (zeolite facies), grossular, gehlenite and calcium silicate were observed in SMA residual after full hydration. The potential of SMA for the removal of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution was investigated by batch mode. The effects of pH, concentration of adsorbate, contact time, SMA concentration and temperature on adsorption performance of SMA for Cd(II) and Pb(II) over SMA were studied. The results indicate that the adsorption process was found to follow pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Freundlich isotherm model. The maximum monolayer capacity obtained from the Langmuir isotherm at 25 °C was 47.0 and 143.3 mg g-1 for Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions, respectively. The adsorbed Cd(II) and Pb(II) can hardly be recovered at pH 3.0 but can completely recovered at pH 1.0 and 0.5, respectively. Ion exchange of Cd(II) and Pb(II) for Ca2+ was found to be the principal mechanism in the removal of Cd(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solution by SMA, followed by adsorption and precipitation. From the investigation, it is concluded that SMA could be a useful environment-friendly, inexpensive and effective tool for removal of high amounts of toxic Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aquatic ecosystems.

  14. Cd(II) removal and recovery enhancement by using acrylamide–titanium nanocomposite as an adsorbent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Ajit; Lee, Byeong-Kyu, E-mail: bklee@ulsan.ac.kr

    2014-09-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Acrylamide doping initiated 10–20% increase in the particle size. • R-NH{sub 2}Cd{sup 2+} and Cd-O onto the nanocomposite improved Cd(II) adsorption. • Coexisting cations did not make any significant interference of Cd(II) removal. • Increased Ti nanoparticles leads to decrease in mass swelling of acrylamide. - Abstract: Acrylamide (AM) was in-situ doped into titanium during sol–gel reaction and used as an adsorbent for cadmium removal from aqueous solution. The resulting TiO{sub 2}-AM nanocomposite was characterized by particle size distribution (PSD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). After cadmium adsorption, the nanocomposite was also characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray (SEM/EDX) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. The adsorption behavior of the nanocomposite was examined by kinetic and equilibrium studies in batch conditions. The maximum cadmium binding capacity of TiO{sub 2}-AM was 322.58 mg g{sup −1} at an optimum pH of 8.0, compared to 86.95 mg g{sup −1} for nano-titanium. Cadmium sorption showed pseudo-second-order kinetics with a rate constant of 4.0 × 10{sup −4} and 9.4 × 10{sup −5} g mg{sup −1} min{sup −1} at an initial Cd(II) concentration of 100 and 500 mg L{sup −1}, respectively. Cd (II) adsorption interference of cations (Pb{sup 2+}, Cu{sup 2+}, Co{sup 2+} and Zn{sup +2}) and anions (Cl{sup −}, SO{sub 4}{sup 2−}, CO{sub 3}{sup 2−}) at pH 8 was very nominal because of favorable complex formation of Cd(II) and amide. The Cd(II) adsorption of 27% that was achieved in the fifth cycle was regenerated with 0.05 N acidic solutions.

  15. A STUDY ON INTERACTION OF Cd(II AND DIATOMACEOUS EARTH IN ADSORPTION PROCESS

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    Nuryono Nuryono

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In this research, interaction occurring in adsorption process between Cd(II and active site of diatomaceous earth has been studied. The study was carried out by evaluating Cd(II adsorption on diatomaceous earth at various pHs, either for the earths without treatment, those after being heated or those treated with sulfuric acid and hydrogen chloride. Adsorption was performed by mixing diatomaceous earth, without and with treatments, and Cd(II solution for one hour at various pHs (2 - 7, and un-adsorbed metallic ion was analyzed by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS. The treatments of diatomaceous earth included heating at temperatures of 300, 500, and 900oC for four hours, treatments with acids (3, 8, and 12 M of H2SO4, and 3, 15, and 18 M of HCl solutions for two hours at 150-200oC. Results showed that the increasing of pH from 2.0 to 3.0 and from 6.0 to 7.0 inclined adsorption of Cd(II from 13.2 to 23.3 mg/g and from 24.0 to 26.4 mg/g, respectively. At a pH range of 3.0 - 6.0 the adsorption slightly increase from 23.3 to 24.0 mg/g. Heating of diatomaceous earth higher than 500oC caused the adsorption capability to be independence of the pH of solution. On the other hand, treatments with acids (H2SO4 and HCl caused adsorption capability increased significantly with the increase in pH from 3.0 to 6.0. Adsorption evaluation at the pH range investigated showed that adsorption of Cd(II on diatomaceous earth may be through interaction between Cd2+ and functional groups of T-OH (T = Si/Al.   Keywords: adsorption, adsorbent, cadmium, diatomaceous earth

  16. Reduction of structural Fe(III) in nontronite by methanogen Methanosarcina barkeri

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, D.; Dong, Hailiang H.; Bishop, M.E.; Wang, Hongfang; Agrawal, A.; Tritschler, S.; Eberl, D.D.; Xie, S.

    2011-01-01

    Clay minerals and methanogens are ubiquitous and co-exist in anoxic environments, yet it is unclear whether methanogens are able to reduce structural Fe(III) in clay minerals. In this study, the ability of methanogen Methanosarcina barkeri to reduce structural Fe(III) in iron-rich smectite (nontronite NAu-2) and the relationship between iron reduction and methanogenesis were investigated. Bioreduction experiments were conducted in growth medium using three types of substrate: H2/CO2, methanol, and acetate. Time course methane production and hydrogen consumption were measured by gas chromatography. M. barkeri was able to reduce structural Fe(III) in NAu-2 with H2/CO2 and methanol as substrate, but not with acetate. The extent of bioreduction, as measured by the 1,10-phenanthroline method, was 7-13% with H2/CO2 as substrate, depending on nontronite concentration (5-10g/L). The extent was higher when methanol was used as a substrate, reaching 25-33%. Methanogenesis was inhibited by Fe(III) reduction in the H2/CO2 culture, but enhanced when methanol was used. High charge smectite and biogenic silica formed as a result of bioreduction. Our results suggest that methanogens may play an important role in biogeochemical cycling of iron in clay minerals and may have important implications for the global methane budget. ?? 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

  17. Fe(III) complex of biuret-amide based macrocyclic ligand as peroxidase enzyme mimic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panda, Chakadola; Ghosh, Munmun; Panda, Tamas; Banerjee, Rahul; Sen Gupta, Sayam

    2011-07-28

    An Fe(III) complex of a biuret-amide based macrocyclic ligand that exhibits both excellent reactivity for the activation of H(2)O(2) and high stability, especially at low pH and high ionic strength, is reported.

  18. Diversity of isolates performing Fe(III) reduction from paddy soil fed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study examined microbial diversity of Fe(III)-reducing bacteria isolates in paddy soils amended with ferrihydrite and different organic carbon (C) sources. Results show that Fe(III) reduction rate and Fe(II) accumulation in soil enrichments amended with glucose were the greatest followed by pyruvate, lactate, acetate and ...

  19. Removal of Hg(II and Cd(II Ions from Aqueous Solution Using Chitosan: Kinetics and Equilibrium Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheil Sobhanardakani

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and purpose: The discharge of toxic heavy metal ions into the environment is a serious pollution problem. Heavy metal ions pose adverse toxic risks to human health at very low concentrations. The aim of this paper is the adsorption potential of chitosan (CS in the removal of Hg(II and Cd(II ions from aqueous solution. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in laboratory scale. In this research, CS was used as an adsorbent for the removal of Hg(II and Cd(II from aqueous solutions. In batch tests, the effects of various parameters such as metals concentration (40-350 mg/L, pH solution (2-8, contact time (5-120 min, and adsorbent dose (0.25-2 g were investigated. Results: The results showed that adsorption of Hg(II and Cd(II ions on CS strongly depends on pH. The experimental data were analyzed using the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models. Equilibrium data fitted well with the Langmuir model and the maximum adsorption capacity of the CS for Hg(II and Cd(II were 52.63 and 58.8 mg/g, respectively. Kinetic analysis showed that adsorption was most accurately represented by a pseudo-second-order model. Conclusion: The obtained results showed that CS is a readily, available, economic adsorbent and was found suitable for removing Hg(II and Cd(II ions from aqueous solution.

  20. Immobilization of Cd(II) in acid soil amended with different biochars with a long term of incubation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Xiaofei; Liu, Yunguo; Gu, Yanling; Zeng, Guangming; Wang, Xin; Hu, Xinjiang; Sun, Zhichao; Yang, Zhongzhu

    2015-08-01

    Biochars derived from bamboo, coconut shell, pine wood shavings, and sugarcane bagasse were applied into Ultisol to investigate their effects on Cd(II) immobilization. After 360 days of incubation, the physical/chemical properties of the Ultisol were improved by the addition of different biochars. As a result, the maximum adsorption capacities of soil for Cd(II) were increased from 8.02 to 9.07-11.51 mmol/kg, and bamboo biochar showed the highest effect on Cd(II) immobilization. The Langmuir model (R(2) > 0.983) fitted the data better than the Freundlich model (R (2) were 0.902-0.937). Column leaching experiments suggested that biochar can also increase the immobilization of Cd(II) under leaching conditions. Biochar mainly increased the weak/unstable binding force of Cd(II) by soil, such as ion exchange, electrostatic attraction, physical adsorption, and carbonate precipitation. In addition, a significant enhancement of surface complexation was also observed.

  1. Sorption kinetics and chemical forms of Cd(II) sorbed by thiol-functionalized 2:1 clay minerals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malferrari, D.; Brigatti, M.F.; Laurora, A.; Pini, S.; Medici, L.

    2007-01-01

    The interaction between Cd(II) in aqueous solution and two 2:1 expandable clay minerals (i.e., montmorillonite and vermiculite), showing different layer charge, was addressed via batch sorption experiments on powdered clay minerals both untreated and amino acid (cysteine) treated. Reaction products were characterized via X-ray powder diffraction (XRDP), chemical analysis (elemental analysis and atomic absorption spectrophotometry), thermal analysis combined with evolved gasses mass spectrometry (TGA-MSEGA) and synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy via extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) characterization. Sorption isotherms for Cd(II) in presence of different substrates, shows that Cd(II) uptake depends both on Cd(II) starting concentration and the nature of the substrate. Thermal decomposition of Cd-cysteine treated clay minerals evidences the evolution of H 2 O, H 2 S, NO 2 , SO 2 , and N 2 O 3 . These results are well consistent with XRDP data collected both at room and at increasing temperature and further stress the influence of the substrate, in particular cysteine, on the interlayer. EXAFS studies suggest that Cd(II) coordinates with oxygen atoms, to give monomer complexes or CdO molecules, either on the mineral surface and/or in the interlayer. For Cd-cysteine complexes EXAFS data agree with the existence of Cd-S clusters, thus suggesting a predominant role of the thiol group in the bonding of Cd with the amino acid

  2. Three-dimensional tetranuclear Cd(II) coordination network based on a 1,3-alternate calix[4]arene derivative

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Eun Ji; Ju, Hui Yeong; Park, Ki Min [Dept. of Chemistry and Research Institute of Natural Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju (Korea, Republic of); Moon, ASuk Hee [Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Kyungnam College of Inform ation and Technology, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Young Jin [Div. of cience Education, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-08-15

    Polynuclear coordination polymers can exhibit more intriguing network topologies and better functionalities than those of common complexes because they have metal-cluster nodes for the construction of multidimensional frameworks and the potential applications induced by collaborative activities between metal ions. New tetranuclear Cd(II) coordination polymer 1 based on 1,3-alternate calix arene derivative (H{sub 4} CTA) with four carboxyl pendant arms has been synthesized by the solvo thermal reaction at 110 .deg. C for 2 days. Compound 1 shows a 3-D framework consisting of tetranuclear Cd(II) cluster core as a metal-cluster node and 1,3-alternate H{sub 4}CTA as a multidentate linker. The coordination polymer 1 displays intense blue emission, implying that this tetranuclear Cd(II) coordination polymer could be a suitable material in the area of luminescence research.

  3. Microbial Reducibility of Fe(III Phases Associated with the Genesis of Iron Ore Caves in the Iron Quadrangle, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Ceth W. Parker

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The iron mining regions of Brazil contain thousands of “iron ore caves” (IOCs that form within Fe(III-rich deposits. The mechanisms by which these IOCs form remain unclear, but the reductive dissolution of Fe(III (hydroxides by Fe(III reducing bacteria (FeRB could provide a microbiological mechanism for their formation. We evaluated the susceptibility of Fe(III deposits associated with these caves to reduction by the FeRB Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 to test this hypothesis. Canga, an Fe(III-rich duricrust, contained poorly crystalline Fe(III phases that were more susceptible to reduction than the Fe(III (predominantly hematite associated with banded iron formation (BIF, iron ore, and mine spoil. In all cases, the addition of a humic acid analogue enhanced Fe(III reduction, presumably by shuttling electrons from S. oneidensis to Fe(III phases. The particle size and quartz-Si content of the solids appeared to exert control on the rate and extent of Fe(III reduction by S. oneidensis, with more bioreduction of Fe(III associated with solid phases containing more quartz. Our results provide evidence that IOCs may be formed by the activities of Fe(III reducing bacteria (FeRB, and the rate of this formation is dependent on the physicochemical and mineralogical characteristics of the Fe(III phases of the surrounding rock.

  4. Cd(II) complexes with different nuclearity and dimensionality based on 3-hydrazino-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Cai-Xia; Zhang, Jian-Guo, E-mail: zjgbit@bit.edu.cn; Yin, Xin; Jin, Xin; Li, Tong; Zhang, Tong-Lai; Zhou, Zun-Ning

    2015-03-15

    A series of zero- to two-dimensional Cd(II) coordination compounds have been synthesized by the reaction of Cd(II) salts and 3-hydrazino-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole di-hydrochloride (HATr·2HCl). [CdCl{sub 2}(HATr){sub 2}] (1) and [Cd{sub 2}Cl{sub 4}(HATr){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}] (2) have discrete mononuclear and binuclear structures, respectively. [Cd(HATr){sub 2}(ClO{sub 4}){sub 2}]{sub n} (3) presents polymeric 1-D chain and [Cd{sub 2}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}(HATr){sub 2}]{sub n} (4) shows 2-D frameworks. All Cd(II) ions exhibit distorted octahedral configurations in 1–3, whilst both hexa and heptacoordinated Cd(II) are formed in 4. The HATr ligands adopt chelating coordinated mode in 1, while tri-dentate bridging–chelating mode in 2–4. The chloride ion is a mono-coordinated ligand in 1 and 2, but it bridges two adjacent metal ions in 4. Furthermore, thermal behaviors have been investigated and the results reveal that all complexes have good thermal stability. The impact sensitivity test indicates that complex 3 is sensitive to impact stimuli. - Graphical abstract: Four Cd(II) complexes based on 3-hydrazino-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole ligands exhibit diverse structures from mononuclear to 2D networks. - Highlights: • Cd(II) complexes containing 3-hydrazino-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole ligands. • Mononuclear, binuclear, 1-D and 2-D structures. • Good thermal stability. • Thermal decomposition kinetics.

  5. Cd(II) complexes with different nuclearity and dimensionality based on 3-hydrazino-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xu, Cai-Xia; Zhang, Jian-Guo; Yin, Xin; Jin, Xin; Li, Tong; Zhang, Tong-Lai; Zhou, Zun-Ning

    2015-01-01

    A series of zero- to two-dimensional Cd(II) coordination compounds have been synthesized by the reaction of Cd(II) salts and 3-hydrazino-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole di-hydrochloride (HATr·2HCl). [CdCl 2 (HATr) 2 ] (1) and [Cd 2 Cl 4 (HATr) 2 (H 2 O) 2 ] (2) have discrete mononuclear and binuclear structures, respectively. [Cd(HATr) 2 (ClO 4 ) 2 ] n (3) presents polymeric 1-D chain and [Cd 2 (NO 3 ) 2 Cl 2 (HATr) 2 ] n (4) shows 2-D frameworks. All Cd(II) ions exhibit distorted octahedral configurations in 1–3, whilst both hexa and heptacoordinated Cd(II) are formed in 4. The HATr ligands adopt chelating coordinated mode in 1, while tri-dentate bridging–chelating mode in 2–4. The chloride ion is a mono-coordinated ligand in 1 and 2, but it bridges two adjacent metal ions in 4. Furthermore, thermal behaviors have been investigated and the results reveal that all complexes have good thermal stability. The impact sensitivity test indicates that complex 3 is sensitive to impact stimuli. - Graphical abstract: Four Cd(II) complexes based on 3-hydrazino-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole ligands exhibit diverse structures from mononuclear to 2D networks. - Highlights: • Cd(II) complexes containing 3-hydrazino-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole ligands. • Mononuclear, binuclear, 1-D and 2-D structures. • Good thermal stability. • Thermal decomposition kinetics

  6. Adsorption and desorption of Cd(II) onto titanate nanotubes and efficient regeneration of tubular structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Ting; Liu, Wen; Xu, Nan; Ni, Jinren

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: ► Satisfactory reuse of TNTs due to easy regeneration of tubular structures. ► TNTs regeneration using only 2% of NaOH needed for virgin TNTs preparation. ► Excellent regeneration attributed to steady TNTs skeleton and complex form of TNTs-OCd + OH − onto adsorbed TNTs. -- Abstract: Efficient regeneration of desorbed titanate nanotubes (TNTs) was investigated with cycled Cd(II) adsorption and desorption processes. After desorption of Cd (II) from TNTs using 0.1 M HNO 3 , regeneration could be simply achieved with only 0.2 M NaOH at ambient temperature, i.e. 2% of the NaOH needed for virgin TNTs preparation at 130 °C. The regenerated TNTs displayed similar adsorption capacity of Cd(II) even after six recycles, while significant reduction could be detected for desorbed TNTs without regeneration. The virgin TNTs, absorbed TNTs, desorbed TNTs and regenerated TNTs were systematically characterized. As results, the ion-exchange mechanism with Na + in TNTs was convinced with obvious change of -TiO(ONa) 2 by FTIR spectroscopy. The easy recovery of the damaged tubular structures proved by TEM and XRD was ascribed to asymmetric distribution of H + and Na + on the surface side and interlayer region of TNTs. More importantly, the cost-effective regeneration was found possibly related to complex form of TNTs-OCd + OH − onto the adsorbed TNTs, which was identified with help of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and further indicated due to high relevance to an unexpected mole ratio of 1:1 between exchanged Na + and absorbed Cd(II)

  7. Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) adsorption on low grade manganese ore ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Low grade manganese ore (LMO) of Orissa containing 58.37% SiO2, 25.05% MnO2, 8.8% Al2O3, and 5.03% Fe2O3 as the main constituents was taken to study its adsorption behaviour for Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solutions. The XRD studies showed the crystalline phases to be quartz, ß-MnO2, d-MnO2 and ...

  8. Kajian Termodinamika Adsorpsi Hibrida Merkapto-Silika dari Abu Sekam Padi Terhadap Ion Co(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Rasy Mujiyanti

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTelah dilakukan penelitian tentang kajian termodinamika adsorpsi hibrida merkapto-silika dari abu sekam padi terhadap ion Co(II. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kapasitas dan energi adsorpsi hibrida merkapto-silika (HMS dan silika gel (SG terhadap ion Co(II. Pada penelitian ini, silika gel dibuat menggunakan natrium silikat dari abu sekam padi. Selanjutnya, senyawa organik 3-(trimetoksisilil-1-propantiol diimobilisasi pada SG menghasilkan HMS. Adsorben dikarakterisasi menggunakan difraktometer sinar-X dan spektrofotometer FTIR. Larutan Co(II kemudian dikontakkan dengan SG dan HMS pada variasi pH, waktu, dan konsentrasi awal. Hasil penelitian kapasitas adsorpsi yang diperoleh HMS hampir tiga kali lebih besar dibandingkan dengan SG, dengan besarnya kapasitas adsorpsi masing-masing yaitu 250,00 mg/g dan 90,91 mg/g. Sedangkan energi adsorpsi yang diperoleh adalah 51,69 KJ/mol untuk SG, dan 23,65 KJ/mol untuk HMS.Kata kunci : sekam padi, hibrida merkapto-silika, adsorpsi, ion Co(IIAbstractA research on the study of the thermodynamics of adsorption mercapto-silica hybrid from rice husk ash to the ions Co (II has been done. This study aims to determine capacity and energy adsorption of hybrid mercapto-silica (HMS and silica gel (SG to the ions Co (II . In this study, silica gel was made using sodium silicate from rice husk ash. Furthermore, the organic compound 3-(trimethoxysilil -1-prophantiol immobilized on SG to HMS produced. Adsorbents were characterized using X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectrophotometer. Solution of Co (II is then contacted with the SG and HMS at the variation of pH, time , and initial concentration. The results obtained by HMS adsorption capacity is almost three times larger than the SG, the magnitude of adsorption capacity of each is 250.00 mg / g and 90.91 mg / g . While the adsorption energy obtained is 51.69 KJ / mol for SG , and 23.65 KJ / mol for HMS.Keywords : rice husk, mercapto-silica hybrid , adsorption

  9. Sequence analysis of a few species of termites (Order: Isoptera) on the basis of partial characterization of COII gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobti, Ranbir Chander; Kumari, Mamtesh; Sharma, Vijay Lakshmi; Sodhi, Monika; Mukesh, Manishi; Shouche, Yogesh

    2009-11-01

    The present study was aimed to get the nucleotide sequences of a part of COII mitochondrial gene amplified from individuals of five species of Termites (Isoptera: Termitidae: Macrotermitinae). Four of them belonged to the genus Odontotermes (O. obesus, O. horni, O. bhagwatii and Odontotermes sp.) and one to Microtermes (M. obesi). Partial COII gene fragments were amplified by using specific primers. The sequences so obtained were characterized to calculate the frequencies of each nucleotide bases and a high A + T content was observed. The interspecific pairwise sequence divergence in Odontotermes species ranged from 6.5% to 17.1% across COII fragment. M. obesi sequence diversity ranged from 2.5 with Odontotermes sp. to 19.0% with O. bhagwatii. Phylogenetic trees drawn on the basis of distance neighbour-joining method revealed three main clades clustering all the individuals according to their genera and families.

  10. Hexanuclear Fe(III) wheels functionalized by amino-acetonitrile derivatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kravtsov, Victor Ch.; Malaestean, Iurie; Stingach, Eugenia P.; Duca, Gheorghe G.; Macaev, Fliur Z.; van Leusen, Jan; Kögerler, Paul; Hauser, Jürg; Krämer, Karl; Decurtins, Silvio; Liu, Shi-Xia; Ghosh, Ashta C.; Garcia, Yann; Baca, Svetlana G.

    2018-04-01

    Three new hexanuclear Fe(III) coordination wheels [Fe6Cl6(L1)6]·5(MeCN) (1), [Na0.5Fe6Cl6(L1)6](N3)0.5·4.5(MeCN) (2), and [Fe6Cl6(L2)6]·2(MeCN) (3) have been synthesized with new prepared amino-acetonitrile derivatives 2-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]acetonitrile hydrochloride (H2L1) and 3-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]propanenitrile hydrochloride (H2L2). They were structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Mößbauer spectroscopy and magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate dominant antiferromagnetic behavior between the Fe(III) centers.

  11. Mechanistic investigation of Fe(III) oxide reduction by low molecular weight organic sulfur species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eitel, Eryn M.; Taillefert, Martial

    2017-10-01

    Low molecular weight organic sulfur species, often referred to as thiols, are known to be ubiquitous in aquatic environments and represent important chemical reductants of Fe(III) oxides. Thiols are excellent electron shuttles used during dissimilatory iron reduction, and in this capacity could indirectly affect the redox state of sediments, release adsorbed contaminants via reductive dissolution, and influence the carbon cycle through alteration of bacterial respiration processes. Interestingly, the reduction of Fe(III) oxides by thiols has not been previously investigated in environmentally relevant conditions, likely due to analytical limitations associated with the detection of thiols and their oxidized products. In this study, a novel electrochemical method was developed to simultaneously determine thiol/disulfide pair concentrations in situ during the reduction of ferrihydrite in batch reactors. First order rate laws with respect to initial thiol concentration were confirmed for Fe(III) oxyhydroxide reduction by four common thiols: cysteine, homocysteine, cysteamine, and glutathione. Zero order was determined for both Fe(III) oxyhydroxide and proton concentration at circumneutral pH. A kinetic model detailing the molecular mechanism of the reaction was optimized with proposed intermediate surface structures. Although metal oxide overall reduction rate constants were inversely proportional to the complexity of the thiol structure, the extent of metal reduction increased with structure complexity, indicating that surface complexes play a significant role in the ability of these thiols to reduce iron. Taken together, these results demonstrate the importance of considering the molecular reaction mechanism at the iron oxide surface when investigating the potential for thiols to act as electron shuttles during dissimilatory iron reduction in natural environments.

  12. Sequestration of Cu(II), Ni(II), and Co(II) by ethyleneimine immobilized on silica

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arakaki, Luiza N.H.; Alves, Ana Paula M.; Silva Filho, Edson C. da; Fonseca, Maria G.; Oliveira, Severino F.; Espinola, Jose Geraldo P.; Airoldi, Claudio

    2007-01-01

    Thermodynamic data on interaction of Cu(II), Ni(II), and Co(II) with silica modified with ethyleneimine are obtained by calorimetric titration. The amount of ethyleneimine anchored on silica surface was estimated to be 0.70 mmol g -1 . The enthalpies of binding Ni(II), Cu(II) and Co(II), are -3.59 ± 0.001, -4.88 ± 0.001, and -7.75 ± 0.003 kJ mol -1 , respectively

  13. Enrichment of Geobacter species in response to stimulation of Fe(III) reduction in sandy aquifer sediments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snoeyenbos-West, O.L.; Nevin, K.P.; Anderson, R.T.; Lovely, D.R.

    2000-01-01

    Engineered stimulation of Fe(III) has been proposed as a strategy to enhance the immobilization of radioactive and toxic metals in metal-contaminated subsurface environments. Therefore, laboratory and field studies were conducted to determine which microbial populations would respond to stimulation of Fe(III) reduction in the sediments of sandy aquifers. In laboratory studies, the addition of either various organic electron donors or electron shuttle compounds stimulated Fe(III) reduction and resulted in Geobacter sequences becoming important constituents of the Bacterial 16S rDNA sequences that could be detected with PCR amplification and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Quantification of Geobacteraceae sequences with a PCR most-probable-number technique indicated that the extent to which numbers of Geobacter increased was related to the degree of stimulation of Fe(III) reduction. Geothrix species were also enriched in some instances, but were orders of magnitude less numerous than Geobacter species. Shewanella species were not detected, even when organic compounds known to be electron donors for Shewanella species were used to stimulate Fe(III) reduction in the sediments. Geobacter species were also enriched in two field experiments in which Fe(III) reduction was stimulated with the addition of benzoate or aromatic hydrocarbons. The apparent growth of Geobacter species concurrent with increased Fe(III) reduction suggests that Geobacter species were responsible for much of the Fe(III) reduction in all of the stimulation approaches evaluated in three geographically distinct aquifers. Therefore, strategies for subsurface remediation that involve enhancing the activity of indigenous Fe(III)-reducing populations in aquifers should consider the physiological properties of Geobacter species in their treatment design.

  14. Microbial reductive transformation of phyllosilicate Fe(III) and U(VI) in fluvial subsurface sediments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ji-Hoon; Fredrickson, James K; Kukkadapu, Ravi K; Boyanov, Maxim I; Kemner, Kenneth M; Lin, Xueju; Kennedy, David W; Bjornstad, Bruce N; Konopka, Allan E; Moore, Dean A; Resch, Charles T; Phillips, Jerry L

    2012-04-03

    The microbial reduction of Fe(III) and U(VI) was investigated in shallow aquifer sediments collected from subsurface flood deposits near the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River in Washington State. Increases in 0.5 N HCl-extractable Fe(II) were observed in incubated sediments and (57)Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy revealed that Fe(III) associated with phyllosilicates and pyroxene was reduced to Fe(II). Aqueous uranium(VI) concentrations decreased in subsurface sediments incubated in sulfate-containing synthetic groundwater with the rate and extent being greater in sediment amended with organic carbon. X-ray absorption spectroscopy of bioreduced sediments indicated that 67-77% of the U signal was U(VI), probably as an adsorbed species associated with a new or modified reactive mineral phase. Phylotypes within the Deltaproteobacteria were more common in Hanford sediments incubated with U(VI) than without, and in U(VI)-free incubations, members of the Clostridiales were dominant with sulfate-reducing phylotypes more common in the sulfate-amended sediments. These results demonstrate the potential for anaerobic reduction of phyllosilicate Fe(III) and sulfate in Hanford unconfined aquifer sediments and biotransformations involving reduction and adsorption leading to decreased aqueous U concentrations.

  15. Shewanella oneidensis MR-1-Induced Fe(III) Reduction Facilitates Roxarsone Transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Guowei; Ke, Zhengchen; Liang, Tengfang; Liu, Li; Wang, Gang

    2016-01-01

    Although microbial activity and associated iron (oxy)hydroxides are known in general to affect the environmental dynamics of 4-hydroxy-3-nitrobenzenearsonic acid (roxarsone), the mechanistic understanding of the underlying biophysico-chemical processes remains unclear due to limited experimental information. We studied how Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 -a widely distributed metal-reducing bacterium, in the presence of dissolved Fe(III), affects roxarsone transformations and biogeochemical cycling in a model aqueous system. The results showed that the MR-1 strain was able to anaerobically use roxarsone as a terminal electron acceptor and to convert it to a single product, 3-amino-4-hydroxybenzene arsonic acid (AHBAA). The presence of Fe(III) stimulated roxarsone transformation via MR-1-induced Fe(III) reduction, whereby the resulting Fe(II) acted as an efficient reductant for roxarsone transformation. In addition, the subsequent secondary Fe(III)/Fe(II) mineralization created conditions for adsorption of organoarsenic compounds to the yielded precipitates and thereby led to arsenic immobilization. The study provided direct evidence of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1-induced direct and Fe(II)-associated roxarsone transformation. Quantitative estimations revealed a candidate mechanism for the early-stage environmental dynamics of roxarsone in nature, which is essential for understanding the environmental dynamics of roxarsone and successful risk assessment.

  16. Shewanella oneidensis MR-1-Induced Fe(III Reduction Facilitates Roxarsone Transformation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guowei Chen

    Full Text Available Although microbial activity and associated iron (oxyhydroxides are known in general to affect the environmental dynamics of 4-hydroxy-3-nitrobenzenearsonic acid (roxarsone, the mechanistic understanding of the underlying biophysico-chemical processes remains unclear due to limited experimental information. We studied how Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 -a widely distributed metal-reducing bacterium, in the presence of dissolved Fe(III, affects roxarsone transformations and biogeochemical cycling in a model aqueous system. The results showed that the MR-1 strain was able to anaerobically use roxarsone as a terminal electron acceptor and to convert it to a single product, 3-amino-4-hydroxybenzene arsonic acid (AHBAA. The presence of Fe(III stimulated roxarsone transformation via MR-1-induced Fe(III reduction, whereby the resulting Fe(II acted as an efficient reductant for roxarsone transformation. In addition, the subsequent secondary Fe(III/Fe(II mineralization created conditions for adsorption of organoarsenic compounds to the yielded precipitates and thereby led to arsenic immobilization. The study provided direct evidence of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1-induced direct and Fe(II-associated roxarsone transformation. Quantitative estimations revealed a candidate mechanism for the early-stage environmental dynamics of roxarsone in nature, which is essential for understanding the environmental dynamics of roxarsone and successful risk assessment.

  17. Removal characteristics of Cd(II) ions from aqueous solution on ordered mesoporous carbon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu, Linhang; Zhao, Haibo; Yan, Lu; Wang, Guowei; Mao, Yulin; Wang, Xin; Liu, Kai; Liu, Xiufang; Zhao, Qian; Jiang, Tingshun [Jiangsu University, Jiangsu (China)

    2015-10-15

    Ordered mesoporous carbon (CMK-3) was synthesized using SBA-15 mesoporous molecular sieve as a template and sucrose as carbon source. The materials were characterized by XRD, TEM and N2 physical adsorption technique. The resulting CMK-3 was used as adsorbent to remove Cd(II) ions from aqueous solution. The effect of pH, contact time and temperature on adsorption process was investigated in batch experiments. The results showed that the removal percentage could reach ca. 90% at the conditions of initial Cd(II) ions concentration of 20 mg/L, dose of 20mg, pH 6.5, contact time of 3h and 293K. Langmuir and Freundlich models were employed to describe the adsorption equilibrium. The kinetics data were described by the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models, respectively. The adsorption isotherm was well fitted to the Langmuir model, and the adsorption process was well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model.

  18. Co(II) Coordination in Prokaryotic Zinc Finger Domains as Revealed by UV-Vis Spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivo, Valeria; D'Abrosca, Gianluca; Russo, Luigi; Iacovino, Rosa; Pedone, Paolo Vincenzo; Fattorusso, Roberto; Isernia, Carla; Malgieri, Gaetano

    2017-01-01

    Co(II) electronic configuration allows its use as a spectroscopic probe in UV-Vis experiments to characterize the metal coordination sphere that is an essential component of the functional structure of zinc-binding proteins and to evaluate the metal ion affinities of these proteins. Here, exploiting the capability of the prokaryotic zinc finger to use different combinations of residues to properly coordinate the structural metal ion, we provide the UV-Vis characterization of Co(II) addition to Ros87 and its mutant Ros87_C27D which bears an unusual CysAspHis 2 coordination sphere. Zinc finger sites containing only one cysteine have been infrequently characterized. We show for the CysAspHis 2 coordination an intense d - d transition band, blue-shifted with respect to the Cys 2 His 2 sphere. These data complemented by NMR and CD data demonstrate that the tetrahedral geometry of the metal site is retained also in the case of a single-cysteine coordination sphere.

  19. COII ”long fragment” reliability in characterisation and classification of forensically important flies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanaa M. Aly

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Molecular identification of collected flies is important in forensic entomological analysis guided with accurate evaluation of the chosen genetic marker. The selected mitochondrial DNA segments can be used to properly identify species. The aim of the present study was to determine the reliability of the 635-bp-long cytochrome oxidase II gene (COII in identification of forensically important flies. Material and methods: Forty-two specimens belonging to 11 species ( Calliphoridae: Chrysomya albiceps , C. rufifacies , C. megacephala , Lucilia sericata , L. cuprina ; Sarcophagidae: Sarcophaga carnaria , S. dux , S. albiceps , Wohlfahrtia nuba ; Muscidae: Musca domestica , M. autumnalis were analysed. The selected marker was amplified using PCR followed by sequencing. Nucleotide sequence divergences were calculated using the K2P (Kimura two-parameter distance model, and a NJ (neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree was constructed. Results : All examined specimens were assigned to the correct species, formed distinct monophyletic clades and ordered in accordance with their taxonomic classification. Intraspecific variation ranged from 0 to 1% and interspecific variation occurred between 2 and 20%. Conclusions : The 635-bp-long COII marker is suitable for clear differentiation and identification of forensically relevant flies.

  20. COII "long fragment" reliability in characterisation and classification of forensically important flies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aly, Sanaa M; Mahmoud, Shereen M

    2016-01-01

    Molecular identification of collected flies is important in forensic entomological analysis guided with accurate evaluation of the chosen genetic marker. The selected mitochondrial DNA segments can be used to properly identify species. The aim of the present study was to determine the reliability of the 635-bp-long cytochrome oxidase II gene (COII) in identification of forensically important flies. Forty-two specimens belonging to 11 species (Calliphoridae: Chrysomya albiceps, C. rufifacies, C. megacephala, Lucilia sericata, L. cuprina; Sarcophagidae: Sarcophaga carnaria, S. dux, S. albiceps, Wohlfahrtia nuba; Muscidae: Musca domestica, M. autumnalis) were analysed. The selected marker was amplified using PCR followed by sequencing. Nucleotide sequence divergences were calculated using the K2P (Kimura two-parameter) distance model, and a NJ (neighbour-joining) phylogenetic tree was constructed. All examined specimens were assigned to the correct species, formed distinct monophyletic clades and ordered in accordance with their taxonomic classification. Intraspecific variation ranged from 0 to 1% and interspecific variation occurred between 2 and 20%. The 635-bp-long COII marker is suitable for clear differentiation and identification of forensically relevant flies.

  1. Mechanisms for Electron Transfer Through Pili to Fe(III) Oxide in Geobacter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lovley, Derek R. [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States)

    2015-03-09

    The purpose of these studies was to aid the Department of Energy in its goal of understanding how microorganisms involved in the bioremediation of metals and radionuclides sustain their activity in the subsurface. This information is required in order to incorporate biological processes into decision making for environmental remediation and long-term stewardship of contaminated sites. The proposed research was designed to elucidate the mechanisms for electron transfer to Fe(III) oxides in Geobacter species because Geobacter species are abundant dissimilatory metal-reducing microorganisms in a diversity of sites in which uranium is undergoing natural attenuation via the reduction of soluble U(VI) to insoluble U(IV) or when this process is artificially stimulated with the addition of organic electron donors. This study investigated the novel, but highly controversial, concept that the final conduit for electron transfer to Fe(III) oxides are electrically conductive pili. The specific objectives were to: 1) further evaluate the conductivity along the pili of Geobacter sulfurreducens and related organisms; 2) determine the mechanisms for pili conductivity; and 3) investigate the role of pili in Fe(III) oxide reduction. The studies demonstrated that the pili of G. sulfurreducens are conductive along their length. Surprisingly, the pili possess a metallic-like conductivity similar to that observed in synthetic organic conducting polymers such as polyaniline. Detailed physical analysis of the pili, as well as studies in which the structure of the pili was genetically modified, demonstrated that the metallic-like conductivity of the pili could be attributed to overlapping pi-pi orbitals of aromatic amino acids. Other potential mechanisms for conductivity, such as electron hopping between cytochromes associated with the pili were definitively ruled out. Pili were also found to be essential for Fe(III) oxide reduction in G. metallireducens. Ecological studies demonstrated

  2. The life cycle of iron Fe(III) oxide: impact of fungi and bacteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonneville, Steeve

    2014-05-01

    Iron oxides are ubiquitous reactive constituents of soils, sediments and aquifers. They exhibit vast surface areas which bind a large array of trace metals, nutrients and organic molecules hence controlling their mobility/reactivity in the subsurface. In this context, understanding the "life cycle" of iron oxide in soils is paramount to many biogeochemical processes. Soils environments are notorious for their extreme heterogeneity and variability of chemical, physical conditions and biological agents at play. Here, we present studies investigating the role of two biological agents driving iron oxide dynamics in soils, root-associated fungi (mycorrhiza) and bacteria. Mycorrhiza filaments (hypha) grow preferentially around, and on the surface of nutrient-rich minerals, making mineral-fungi contact zones, hot-spots of chemical alteration in soils. However, because of the microscopic nature of hyphae (only ~ 5 µm wide for up to 1 mm long) and their tendency to strongly adhere to mineral surface, in situ observations of this interfacial micro-environment are scarce. In a microcosm, ectomycorrhiza (Paxillus involutus) was grown symbiotically with a pine tree (Pinus sylvestris) in the presence of freshly-cleaved biotite under humid, yet undersaturated, conditions typical of soils. Using spatially-resolved ion milling technique (FIB), transmission electron microscopy and spectroscopy (TEM/STEM-EDS), synchrotron based X-ray microscopy (STXM), we were able to quantify the speciation of Fe at the biotite-hypha interface. The results shows that substantial oxidation of biotite structural-Fe(II) into Fe(III) subdomains occurs at the contact zone between mycorrhiza and biotite. Once formed, iron(III) oxides can reductively dissolve under suboxic conditions via several abiotic and microbial pathways. In particular, they serve as terminal electron acceptors for the oxidation of organic matter by iron reducing bacteria. We aimed here to understand the role of Fe(III) mineral

  3. Microbial Fe(III) Oxide Reduction in Chocolate Pots Hot Springs, Yellowstone National Park

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortney, N. W.; Roden, E. E.; Boyd, E. S.; Converse, B. J.

    2014-12-01

    Previous work on dissimilatory iron reduction (DIR) in Yellowstone National Park (YNP) has focused on high temperature, low pH environments where soluble Fe(III) is utilized as an electron acceptor for respiration. Much less attention has been paid to DIR in lower temperature, circumneutral pH environments, where solid phase Fe(III) oxides are the dominant forms of Fe(III). This study explored the potential for DIR in the warm (ca. 40-50°C), circumneutral pH Chocolate Pots hot springs (CP) in YNP. Most probable number (MPN) enumerations and enrichment culture studies confirmed the presence of endogenous microbial communities that reduced native CP Fe(III) oxides. Enrichment cultures demonstrated sustained DIR coupled to acetate and lactate oxidation through repeated transfers over ca. 450 days. Pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes indicated that the dominant organisms in the enrichments were closely affiliated with the well known Fe(III) reducer Geobacter metallireducens. Additional taxa included relatives of sulfate reducing bacterial genera Desulfohalobium and Thermodesulfovibrio; however, amendment of enrichments with molybdate, an inhibitor of sulfate reduction, suggested that sulfate reduction was not a primary metabolic pathway involved in DIR in the cultures. A metagenomic analysis of enrichment cultures is underway in anticipation of identifying genes involved in DIR in the less well-characterized dominant organisms. Current studies are aimed at interrogating the in situ microbial community at CP. Core samples were collected along the flow path (Fig. 1) and subdivided into 1 cm depth intervals for geochemical and microbiological analysis. The presence of significant quantities of Fe(II) in the solids indicated that DIR is active in situ. A parallel study investigated in vitro microbial DIR in sediments collected from three of the coring sites. DNA was extracted from samples from both studies for 16S rRNA gene and metagenomic sequencing in order to obtain a

  4. Impact of a commercial glyphosate formulation on adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions on paddy soil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divisekara, T; Navaratne, A N; Abeysekara, A S K

    2018-05-01

    Use of glyphosate as a weedicide on rice cultivation has been a controversial issue in Sri Lanka, due to the hypothesis that the metal complexes of commercial glyphosate is one of the causative factors of Chronic Kidney Disease of unknown aetiology (CKDu) prevalent in some parts of Sri Lanka. The effect of commercial glyphosate on the adsorption and desorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions on selective paddy soil studied using batch experiments, over a wide concentration range, indicates that the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model is obeyed at low initial metal ion concentrations while the Freundlich adsorption isotherm model obeys at high metal ion concentrations in the presence and absence of glyphosate. For all cases, adsorption of both Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions obeys pseudo second order kinetics, suggesting that initial adsorption is a chemisorption process. In the presence of glyphosate formulation, the extent of adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions on soil is decreased, while their desorption is increased at high concentrations of glyphosate. Low concentrations of glyphosate formulation do not significantly affect the desorption of metal ions from soil. Reduction of adsorption leads to enhance the concentration of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions in the aqueous phase when in contact with soil. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Adsorption of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions by rape straw biochar derived from different modification processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Bing; Yang, Lan; Wang, Chang-Quan; Zhang, Qing-Pei; Liu, Qing-Cheng; Li, Yi-Ding; Xiao, Rui

    2017-05-01

    In order to deal with cadmium (Cd(II)) pollution, three modified biochar materials: alkaline treatment of biochar (BC-NaOH), KMnO 4 impregnation of biochar (BC-MnO x ) and FeCl 3 magnetic treatment of biochar (BC-FeO x ), were investigated. Nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Boehm titration, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to determine the characteristics of adsorbents and explore the main adsorption mechanism. The results show that manganese oxide particles are carried successfully within the biochar, contributing to micropore creation, boosting specific surface area and forming innersphere complexes with oxygen-containing groups, while also increasing the number of oxygen-containing groups. The adsorption sites created by the loaded manganese oxide, rather than specific surface areas, play the most important roles in cadmium adsorption. Batch adsorption experiments demonstrate a Langmuir model fit for Cd(II), and BC-MnO x provided the highest sorption capacity (81.10 mg g -1 ). The sorption kinetics of Cd(II) on adsorbents follows pseudo-second-order kinetics and the adsorption rate of the BC-MnO x material was the highest (14.46 g (mg·h) -1 ). Therefore, biochar modification methods involving KMnO 4 impregnation may provide effective ways of enhancing Cd(II) removal from aqueous solutions. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Artificial intelligence and regression analysis for Cd(II) ion biosorption from aqueous solution by Gossypium barbadense waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fawzy, Manal; Nasr, Mahmoud; Nagy, Heba; Helmi, Shacker

    2018-02-01

    In this study, batch biosorption experiments were conducted to determine the removal efficiency of Cd(II) ion from aqueous solutions by Gossypium barbadense waste. The biosorbent was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) connected with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX). The sorption mechanism was described by complexation/chelation of Cd 2+ with the functional groups of O-H, C=O, -COO-, and C-O, as well as, cation-exchange with Mg 2+ and K + . At initial Cd(II) ion concentration (C o ), 50 mg/L, the adsorption equilibrium of 89.2% was achieved after 15 min under the optimum experimental factors of pH 6.0, biosorbent dosage 10 g/L, and particle diameter 0.125-0.25 mm. Both Langmuir and Freundlich models fitted well to the sorption data, suggesting the co-existence of monolayer coverage along with heterogenous surface biosorption. Artificial neural network (ANN) with a structure of 5-10-1 was performed to predict the Cd(II) ion removal efficiency. The ANN model provided high fit (R 2 0.923) to the experimental data and indicated that C o was the most influential input. A pure-quadratic model was developed to determine the effects of experimental factors on Cd(II) ion removal efficiency, which indicated the limiting nature of pH and biosorbent dosage on Cd(II) adsorption. Based on the regression model (R 2 0.873), the optimum experimental factors were pH 7.61, biosorbent dosage 24.74 g/L, particle size 0.125-0.25 mm, and adsorption time 109.77 min, achieving Cd 2+ removal of almost 100% at C o 50 mg/L.

  7. Optical detection/collection of toxic Cd(II) ions using cubic Ia3d aluminosilica mesocage sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Safty, Sherif A; Shenashen, Mohamed A; Khairy, Mohamed

    2012-08-30

    Optical sensors for selective removal and detection of extremely toxic ions such as cadmium (Cd(II)) in aquatic samples were successfully fabricated via simple strategy. Aluminosilica-based network platforms are used as selective mesopore shape and size carriers in order to fabricate optical sensors through the direct functionalization of α, β, γ, and δ-tetrakis(1-methylpyridinium-4-yl)porphine ρ-toluenesulfonate (TMPyP) moieties without any prior surface modification using silane or thiol agents. In turn, the key advantage of a heretical three-dimensional (3D) cubic Ia3d mesocage is the facile access of target ions such as ion transports and the high affinity responses of TMPyP receptor-Cd(II) analyte binding events, which result in the easy generation and transduction of optical signals even at the trace level of the Cd(II) ion. The optical sensor design-based aluminosilica cages enable the sensitive detection and selective removal of Cd(II) ions even at ultra-trace concentrations of 10(-10)mol/dm(3) with rapid response time (in minutes). This rational strategy is crucial to the development of optical mesocollectors (i.e., probe surface-mounted naked-eye ion-sensor strips) with highly selective Cd(II) ion removal from aqueous water. These new classes of optical mesocollectors exhibit long-term stability and reusability of deleterious Cd(II) ions, which makes them efficient for various analytical applications. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Micellar effect on metal-ligand complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chemical speciation of citric acid complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) was investigated pH-metrically in 0.0-2.5% anionic, cationic and neutral micellar media. The primary alkalimetric data were pruned with SCPHD program. The existence of different binary species was established from modeling studies using the ...

  9. Radiation grafting of acrylamide and maleic acid on chitosan and effective application for removal of Co(II) from aqueous solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saleh, Alaaeldine Sh.; Ibrahim, Ahmed G.; Elsharma, Emad M.; Metwally, Essam; Siyam, Tharwat

    2018-03-01

    The graft copolymerization has been proven as a superior polymerization technique because it combines the functional advantages of the grafted and base polymers. In this work, the radiation-induced grafting of acrylamide (AAm) and maleic acid (MA) onto chitosan (CTS) was developed and optimized by determining the grafting percentage and efficiency as a function of grafting conditions such as AAm, MA, and CTS concentrations, and absorbed dose. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic analysis (FTIR) confirmed the graft copolymerization. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) further characterized the grafted copolymers and showed their high thermal stability. Using batch sorption experiments and 60Co as a radiotracer, poly(CTS-AAm) and poly(CTS-MA) were evaluated for Co(II) removal from aqueous solutions. The Co(II) removal increases with increasing time, pH, polymer, and Co(II) concentrations. Experimentally, P(CTS-AAm) and P(CTS-MA) show high sorption capacities of Co(II), i.e. 150 mg g-1 and 421 mg g-1, respectively, which makes them potential sorbents of Co(II) for water and wastewater treatment. Finally, the Co(II) sorption was examined using sorption isotherm and kinetic models. The sorption was best fitted to Langmuir model which suggests the sorption is of chemisorption type. On the other hand, the sorption kinetics was best represented by Elovich model which also indicates the chemical nature of Co(II) sorption on P(CTS-AAm) and P(CTS-MA).

  10. Synthesis and Characterization of 4-Benzyloxybenzaldehyde-4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (Containing Sulphur and Nitrogen Donor Atoms and Its Cd(II Complex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lakshmi Narayana Suvarapu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A chelating agent, 4-benzyloxybenzaldehyde-4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (BBMTSC, containing sulphur and nitrogen donor atoms was synthesized and applied as a ligand for the chelation of Cd(II. Both the BBMTSC and its Cd(II complex were characterized by elemental analysis, UV-Vis absorption spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR, mass spectra, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD, and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM. The FTIR spectra confirmed the formation of both BBMTSC and its Cd(II complex. XRD revealed the polycrystalline nature of the synthesized compounds. BBMTSC exhibited a flake-like micro-rod morphology, whereas the Cd(II complex had a flower-like nanorod structure.

  11. СОВМЕСТНОЕ ОПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕ ИОНОВ ТЯЖЕЛЫХ МЕТАЛЛОВ МЕТОДОМ КАПИЛЛЯРНОГО ЗОННОГО ЭЛЕКТРОФОРЕЗА С ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕМ КОМПЛЕКС-СЕЛЕКТОРА Людмила Константиновна Неудачина, Елена Леонидовна Лебедева

    OpenAIRE

    Neudachina, L. K.; Lebedeva, E. L.

    2014-01-01

    The usage of diglycylglycine (GGG) was proposed to improve the separation of the complexes of heavy metal ions with EDTA by capillary zone electrophoresis. The tripeptide can interact with the complexes in capillary and thereby acts as a complex selector.The influence of GGG on the electrophoretic behavior of ten metal complexes (Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Pb(II) and Bi(III)) was studied in an acidic media using a negative polarity voltage supply. Three ...

  12. Chloroplast Fe(III) chelate reductase activity is essential for seedling viability under iron limiting conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Jeong, Jeeyon; Cohu, Christopher; Kerkeb, Loubna; Pilon, Marinus; Connolly, Erin L.; Guerinot, Mary Lou

    2008-01-01

    Photosynthesis, heme biosynthesis, and Fe-S cluster assembly all take place in the chloroplast, and all require iron. Reduction of iron via a membrane-bound Fe(III) chelate reductase is required before iron transport across membranes in a variety of systems, but to date there has been no definitive genetic proof that chloroplasts have such a reduction system. Here we report that one of the eight members of the Arabidopsis ferric reductase oxidase (FRO) family, FRO7, localizes to the chloropla...

  13. Research of composition and structure of complex Cd(II tetrafluoroborates with phenylenediamines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.V. Shestakova

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Borofluoric acid and its various products, for example complex metals tetrafluoroborates, become widely used in electrochemical processes at refinement of metals, when receiving soldering fluxes. An interesting feature of tetrafluoroborate complexes of metals with organic ligands is that in these compounds the BF4- group has various nature of bond. Aim: The aim of this work is to confirm the established earlier dependence between basicity of organic ligand and structure of the coordination sphere of tetrafluoroborate complex. Materials and Methods: By preparative way the complex tetrafluoroborates Cd(II with isomeric o-, m-, p-phenylenediamine (PD are synthesized. The composition and the structure of the synthesized complex compounds are defined by series of physical and chemical methods of research. According to results of elemental, titrimetric and nuclear-absorbing analyses and without dependency on way of synthesis for m- and p-isomers the [Cd(PD2](BF42 bindings are implemented. In case of OPD use at synthesis without solvent the [Cd(OPD2](BF42 complex has been received. Results: Measurements results of solutions molar conductivity of bonds in dimethyl formamide demonstrate that complexes are the three-ionic electrolytes of the general structure of [Cd(PD4](BF42, and in case of OPD use – the [Cd(OPD2](BF42. Coordination centers of organic ligands and outer-sphere nature of tetrafluoroborate ion bond are defined by spectroscopy IR. Influence of provision of amino groups in diamine molecule on composition and structure of complexes is noted. Conclusions: The established structure of the coordination sphere of the Cd(II tetrafluoroborate complexes with isomeric phenylenediamines allows to draw conclusion about their tetrahedral configuration as such structure of coordination node is characteristic for this metal as complexing agent with 4 as coordination number.

  14. Bioavailability of Fe(III) in Natural Soils and the Impact on Mobility of Inorganic Contaminants (Final Report)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kosson, David S. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Cowan, Robert M. [Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States). Dept. of Environmental Science; Young, Lily Y. [Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States). Center for Agriculture and the Environment; Hatcherl, Eric L. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Scala, David J. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering

    2005-08-02

    Inorganic contaminants, such as heavy metals and radionuclides, can adhere to insoluble Fe(III) minerals resulting in decreased mobility of these contaminants through subsurface environments. Dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducing bacteria (DIRB), by reducing insoluble Fe(III) to soluble Fe(II), may enhance contaminant mobility. The Savannah River Site, South Carolina (SRS), has been subjected to both heavy metal and radionuclide contamination. The overall objective of this project is to investigate the release of inorganic contaminants such as heavy metals and radionuclides that are bound to solid phase soil Fe complexes and to elucidate the mechanisms for mobilization of these contaminants that can be associated with microbial Fe(III) reduction. This is being accomplished by (i) using uncontaminated and contaminated soils from SRS as prototype systems, (ii) evaluating the diversity of DIRBs within the samples and isolating cultures for further study, (iii) using batch microcosms to evaluate the bioavailability of Fe(III) from pure minerals and SRS soils, (iv) developing kinetic and mass transfer models that reflect the system dynamics, and (v) carrying out soil column studies to elucidate the dynamics and interactions amongst Fe(III) reduction, remineralization and contaminant mobility.

  15. Selective adsorption behavior of Cd(II) ion imprinted polymers synthesized by microwave-assisted inverse emulsion polymerization: Adsorption performance and mechanism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, Fang, E-mail: zhufang@tyut.edu.cn [College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, Shanxi, 030024 (China); Li, Luwei [College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, Shanxi, 030024 (China); Xing, Junde [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, Shanxi, 030024 (China)

    2017-01-05

    Highlights: • Microwave assisted inverse emulsion polymerization was applied to prepare Cd(II) imprinted polymers. • The adsorption capacity was evaluated by static adsorption experiments. • Pseudo-second-order model and Langmuir adsorption isotherm model had the best agreement with the experimental data. • The adsorption was a spontaneous and endothermic process. • Cd(II) imprinted polymers have specific identification for Cd(II). - Abstract: Microwave-assisted inverse emulsion polymerization method was used to prepare Cd(II) imprinted polymer (IIP) by using β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and acrylamide (AM) as functional monomer, epichlorohydrin (ECH) as crossing-linking agent, ammonium persulfate as initiator. The Cd(II) imprinted polymer was characterized by SEM, FTIR and TGA. The influences of initial concentration of Cd(II), pH values, temperature, time and competitive ions on adsorption capacity and recognition properties are investigated. Under the optimal conditions, the adsorption capacity could reach 107 mg/g. Furthermore, pseudo first order kinetic model, pseudo second order kinetic model and intra-particular diffusion model were used to describe the adsorption kinetic behavior. Results showed that the pseudo-second-order model (R{sup 2} 0.9928–0.9961) had the best agreement with the experimental data. Langmuir adsorption isotherm model described the experimental data well, which indicated that adsorption was mainly monolayer absorption. Moreover, the study of adsorption thermodynamics (ΔG{sup 0} < 0, ΔH{sup 0} > 0, ΔS{sup 0} > 0) suggested that the adsorption process was a spontaneous and endothermic process. Competitive selectivity experiment revealed that imprinted polymer could selectively recognize Cd(II). It provides a new idea for removing Cd(II) from aqueous solution.

  16. Reduction of Fe(III) oxides by phylogenetically and physiologically diverse thermophilic methanogens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Chihaya; Kato, Souichiro; Kimura, Satoshi; Ishii, Masaharu; Igarashi, Yasuo

    2014-09-01

    Three thermophilic methanogens (Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus, Methanosaeta thermophila, and Methanosarcina thermophila) were investigated for their ability to reduce poorly crystalline Fe(III) oxides (ferrihydrite) and the inhibitory effects of ferrihydrite on their methanogenesis. This study demonstrated that Fe(II) generation from ferrihydrite occurs in the cultures of the three thermophilic methanogens only when H2 was supplied as the source of reducing equivalents, even in the cultures of Mst. thermophila that do not grow on and produce CH4 from H2/CO2. While supplementation of ferrihydrite resulted in complete inhibition or suppression of methanogenesis by the thermophilic methanogens, ferrihydrite reduction by the methanogens at least partially alleviates the inhibitory effects. Microscopic and crystallographic analyses on the ferrihydrite-reducing Msr. thermophila cultures exhibited generation of magnetite on its cell surfaces through partial reduction of ferrihydrite. These findings suggest that at least certain thermophilic methanogens have the ability to extracellularly transfer electrons to insoluble Fe(III) compounds, affecting their methanogenic activities, which would in turn have significant impacts on materials and energy cycles in thermophilic anoxic environments. © 2014 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Chloroplast Fe(III) chelate reductase activity is essential for seedling viability under iron limiting conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Jeeyon; Cohu, Christopher; Kerkeb, Loubna; Pilon, Marinus; Connolly, Erin L; Guerinot, Mary Lou

    2008-07-29

    Photosynthesis, heme biosynthesis, and Fe-S cluster assembly all take place in the chloroplast, and all require iron. Reduction of iron via a membrane-bound Fe(III) chelate reductase is required before iron transport across membranes in a variety of systems, but to date there has been no definitive genetic proof that chloroplasts have such a reduction system. Here we report that one of the eight members of the Arabidopsis ferric reductase oxidase (FRO) family, FRO7, localizes to the chloroplast. Chloroplasts prepared from fro7 loss-of-function mutants have 75% less Fe(III) chelate reductase activity and contain 33% less iron per microgram of chlorophyll than wild-type chloroplasts. This decreased iron content is presumably responsible for the observed defects in photosynthetic electron transport. When germinated in alkaline soil, fro7 seedlings show severe chlorosis and die without setting seed unless watered with high levels of soluble iron. Overall, our results provide molecular evidence that FRO7 plays a role in chloroplast iron acquisition and is required for efficient photosynthesis in young seedlings and for survival under iron-limiting conditions.

  18. Pu(IV) and Fe(III) accumulation ability of heavy metal-tolerant soil fungi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Levinskaite, L.; Smirnov, A.; Luksiene, B.; Druteikiene, R.; Remeikis, V.; Baltrunas, D.

    2009-01-01

    The work was aimed at studying abilities of soil microorganisms to participate in metal/radionuclide mobility processes by accumulating them. Soil microorganisms were treated with a mixture of heavy metals (Cr(III), Ni, Fe(III), Mn(II), Cd) in order to isolate the most tolerant ones. Among more metal-tolerant microorganisms microscopic fungi dominated. Tests of fungal tolerance towards each metal showed that the most tolerant fungi to almost all metals were Aspergillus niger, Penicillium oxalicum and Paecilomyces lilacinus. Accumulation ability of metal-tolerant fungi was tested using Pu(IV) and Fe(III). Investigation of Pu accumulation by fungal biomass showed that all the fungi accumulated Pu, and among the most effective radionuclide accumulators Eupenicillium sp., Penicillium oxalicum and Aspergillus niger could be mentioned. All the fungi showed high Fe-accumulation capacity. While growing in the medium with 1 mM iron, most fungi accumulated over 90% of Fe in their biomass. Very good accumulation and growth abilities in Fe-supplemented medium were demonstrated by Paecilomyces lilacinus. (authors)

  19. Biogenic Fe(III) minerals lower the efficiency of iron-mineral-based commercial filter systems for arsenic removal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinert, Susanne; Muehe, Eva M; Posth, Nicole R; Dippon, Urs; Daus, Birgit; Kappler, Andreas

    2011-09-01

    Millions of people worldwide are affected by As (arsenic) contaminated groundwater. Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxides sorb As efficiently and are therefore used in water purification filters. Commercial filters containing abiogenic Fe(III) (oxy)hydroxides (GEH) showed varying As removal, and it was unclear whether Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria influenced filter efficiency. We found up to 10(7) Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria/g dry-weight in GEH-filters and determined the performance of filter material in the presence and absence of Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria. GEH-material sorbed 1.7 mmol As(V)/g Fe and was ~8 times more efficient than biogenic Fe(III) minerals that sorbed only 208.3 μmol As(V)/g Fe. This was also ~5 times more efficient than a 10:1-mixture of GEH-material and biogenic Fe(III) minerals that bound 322.6 μmol As(V)/g Fe. Coprecipitation of As(V) with biogenic Fe(III) minerals removed 343.0 μmol As(V)/g Fe, while As removal by coprecipitation with biogenic minerals in the presence of GEH-material was slightly less efficient as GEH-material only and yielded 1.5 mmol As(V)/g Fe. The present study thus suggests that the formation of biogenic Fe(III) minerals lowers rather than increases As removal efficiency of the filters probably due to the repulsion of the negatively charged arsenate by the negatively charged biogenic minerals. For this reason we recommend excluding microorganisms from filters (e.g., by activated carbon filters) to maintain their high As removal capacity.

  20. Structure and dynamics of hydrated Fe(II) and Fe(III) ions. Quantum mechanical and molecular mechanical simulations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Remsungnen, T.

    2002-11-01

    Classical molecular dynamics (MD) and combined em ab initio quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical molecular dynamics (QM/MM-MD) simulations have been performed to investigate structural, dynamical and energetical properties of Fe(II), and Fe(III) transition metal ions in aqueous solution. In the QM/MM-MD simulations the ion and its first hydration sphere were treated at the Hartree-Fock ab initio quantum mechanical level, while ab initio generated pair plus three-body potentials were employed for the remaining system. For the classical MD simulation the pair plus three-body potential were employed for all ion-water interactions. The coordination number of the first hydration shell is 100 % of 6 in both cases. The number of waters in the second hydration shell obtained from classical simulations are 13.4 and 15.1 for Fe(II) and Fe(III), respectively, while QM/MM-MD gives the values of 12.4 and 13.4 for Fe(II) and Fe(III). The energies of hydration obtained from MD and QM/MM-MD for Fe(II) are 520 and 500 kcal/mol, and for Fe(III) 1160 and 1100 kcal/mol respectively. The mean residence times of water in the second shell obtained from QM/MM-MD are 24 and 48 ps for Fe(II) and Fe(III), respectively. In contrast to the data obtained from classical MD simulation, the QM/MM-MD values are all in good agreement with the experimental data available. These investigations and results clearly indicate that many-body effects are essential for the proper description of all properties of the aqueous solution of both Fe(II) and Fe(III) ions. (author)

  1. A porous Cd(II) metal-organic framework with high adsorption selectivity for CO2 over CH4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Chunlan

    2017-05-01

    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted a lot of attention in recent decades. We applied a semi-rigid four-carboxylic acid linker to assemble with Cd(II) ions to generate a novel microporous Cd(II) MOF material. Single crystal X-ray diffraction study reveals the different two dimension (2D) layers can be further packed together with an AB fashion by hydrogen bonds (O4sbnd H4⋯O7 = 1.863 Å) to construct a three dimension (3D) supermolecular architecture. The resulting sample can be synthesized under solvothermal reactions successfully, which exhibits high selectivity adsorption of CO2 over CH4 at room temperature. In addition, the obtained sample was characterized by thermal gravimetric analyses (TGA), Fourier-transform infrared spectra (FT-IR), elemental analysis (CHN) and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD).

  2. OmcB, a c-Type Polyheme Cytochrome, Involved in Fe(III) Reduction in Geobacter sulfurreducens

    OpenAIRE

    Leang, Ching; Coppi, M. V.; Lovley, D. R.

    2003-01-01

    Microorganisms in the family Geobacteraceae are the predominant Fe(III)-reducing microorganisms in a variety of subsurface environments in which Fe(III) reduction is an important process, but little is known about the mechanisms for electron transport to Fe(III) in these organisms. The Geobacter sulfurreducens genome was found to contain a 10-kb chromosomal duplication consisting of two tandem three-gene clusters. The last genes of the two clusters, designated omcB and omcC, encode putative o...

  3. Spectrophotometric speciation of Fe(II) and Fe(III) using hydrazone-micelle systems and flow injections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khojali, Inas Osman

    1999-04-01

    Two hydrazones were synthesised, namely salicylhyrazone (SH) and trihydroxyacetophenone (THAPH) were synthesised with the objective of developing a method for determining of Fe(II) and Fe(III) in the presence of each other and hence the total iron.those hydrazones were selected so as to combine the ability of phenolic compounds to complex Fe(III) ions and the complexing characteristics of hydrazones. The complexes of Fe(II) S H and Fe(III) S H as well those of Fe(II)-THAPH and Fe(III)-THAPH had shown maximum absorbance at λ=412 nm which was not not modified by presence of micelles i.e. sodium n-dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and n-hexa dodecyl pyridinium bromide. The maximum absorbance for all complexes takes place around a neutral pH. Generally, in addition, of n-hexa dodecylpyridinium bromide to fe(II)-SH and Fe(III)-SH absorbance of the complexes increases with increasing the concentration of the micelle. The effects of the addition of sodium n-dodecyle sulphate (SDS) to Fe(III)-SH is also studied. Generally, increasing the concentration of the micelle decrease the absorbance of the complexes. To study the effect of the presence of Fe(II) and Fe(III) on the determination of each other,mixtures of Fe(II)-SH and Fe(III)-SH are studied. However, the use of ascorbic acid as a reducing reagent for Fe(III) did not produce the needed results but non reducible results, which may be due to the masking effect of ascorbic acid and thus making the metal not available to the ligand. However, conversion of Fe(II) to Fe(III) prior to the determination was avoided as this requires the use of oxidant, which will oxidise the ligand as well. To establish the condition for the maximum absorbance of THAPH complexes, the effect of the base was investigated by using sodium and ammonium hydroxide. Generally, increasing the concentration of the base decreases the abosrbance. as expected, ammonium hydroxide produced positive results than sodium hydroxide. After establishing the optimum Fi

  4. 2 : 2 Fe(III): ligand and "adamantane core" 4 : 2 Fe(III): ligand (hydr)oxo complexes of an acyclic ditopic ligand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghiladi, Morten; Larsen, Frank B.; McKenzie, Christine J.

    2005-01-01

    crystalline platelets. The Fe4O6 core of 2 shows an adamantane-like structure: The six bridging oxygen atoms are provided by the two phenolato groups of the two bpbp(-) ligands, two bridging oxo groups and two bridging hydroxo groups. The hydroxo and oxo ligands could be distinguished on the basis of Fe - O......-ray structure of the dinuclear complex [{( Hbpbp) Fe(mu-OH)}(2)](ClO4)(4) center dot 2C(3)H(6)O ( 1 center dot 2C(3)H(6)O) shows that only one of the metal-binding cavities of each ligand is occupied by an iron( III) atom and two [Fe(Hbpbp)](3+) units are linked together by two hydroxo bridging groups to form...... a [ Fe(III) -(mu-OH)](2) rhomb structure with Fe center dot center dot center dot Fe = 3.109(1) angstrom. The non-coordinated tertiary amine of Hbpbp is protonated. Magnetic susceptibility measurements show a well-behaved weak antiferromagnetic coupling between the two Fe( III) atoms, J =- 8 cm(-1...

  5. Stability of binary complexes of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II) with maleic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Binary complexes of maleic acid with toxic metal ions such as Pb(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II) have been studied in 0.0-2.5% v/v tritonX-100 (TX100) - water media at 303 K at an ionic strength of 0.16 M. The active forms of the ligand are LH2, LH- and L2-. The derived 'best fit' chemical speciation models are based on ...

  6. Temperature-controlled two new Co(II) compounds with distinct topological networks: Syntheses, crystal structures and catalytic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Qing-Hua; Long, Xu; Liu, Jing-Li; Zhang, Shuan; Zhang, Guang-Hui

    2018-04-01

    Two new Co(II) coordination compounds, namely [Co2(bptc)(bpp)2]n (1) and [Co(bptc)0.5(bpp)]n (2) (H4bptc = biphenyl-3,3‧,5,5‧-tetracarboxylic acid, bpp = 1,3-di(4-pyridyl)propane), have been hydrothermally synthesized from the same reactants via tuning the reaction temperature. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that both 1 and 2 feature 2D sheet motifs. Topological analyses revealed that compounds 1 and 2 show distinct topological networks. Under the weak Van der Waals interactions, the 2D sheet motifs of compounds 1 and 2 are further packed into 2D→3D interdigitated supramolecular frameworks. Moreover, the two Co(II) compounds show high catalytic activities for degradation of methyl orange (MO) in a Fenten-like process.

  7. Microbial Reduction of Fe(III) in Acidic Sediments: Isolation of Acidiphilium cryptum JF-5 Capable of Coupling the Reduction of Fe(III) to the Oxidation of Glucose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Küsel, Kirsten; Dorsch, Tanja; Acker, Georg; Stackebrandt, Erko

    1999-01-01

    To evaluate the microbial populations involved in the reduction of Fe(III) in an acidic, iron-rich sediment, the anaerobic flow of supplemental carbon and reductant was evaluated in sediment microcosms at the in situ temperature of 12°C. Supplemental glucose and cellobiose stimulated the formation of Fe(II); 42 and 21% of the reducing equivalents that were theoretically obtained from glucose and cellobiose, respectively, were recovered in Fe(II). Likewise, supplemental H2 was consumed by acidic sediments and yielded additional amounts of Fe(II) in a ratio of approximately 1:2. In contrast, supplemental lactate did not stimulate the formation of Fe(II). Supplemental acetate was not consumed and inhibited the formation of Fe(II). Most-probable-number estimates demonstrated that glucose-utilizing acidophilic Fe(III)-reducing bacteria approximated to 1% of the total direct counts of 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole-stained bacteria. From the highest growth-positive dilution of the most-probable-number series at pH 2.3 supplemented with glucose, an isolate, JF-5, that could dissimilate Fe(III) was obtained. JF-5 was an acidophilic, gram-negative, facultative anaerobe that completely oxidized the following substrates via the dissimilation of Fe(III): glucose, fructose, xylose, ethanol, glycerol, malate, glutamate, fumarate, citrate, succinate, and H2. Growth and the reduction of Fe(III) did not occur in the presence of acetate. Cells of JF-5 grown under Fe(III)-reducing conditions formed blebs, i.e., protrusions that were still in contact with the cytoplasmic membrane. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of JF-5 demonstrated that it was closely related to an Australian isolate of Acidiphilium cryptum (99.6% sequence similarity), an organism not previously shown to couple the complete oxidation of sugars to the reduction of Fe(III). These collective results indicate that the in situ reduction of Fe(III) in acidic sediments can be mediated by heterotrophic Acidiphilium

  8. Cd(II and Pb(II complexes of the polyether ionophorous antibiotic salinomycin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanabe Makoto

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The natural polyether ionophorous antibiotics are used for the treatment of coccidiosis in poultry and ruminants. They are effective agents against infections caused by Gram-positive microorganisms. On the other hand, it was found that some of these compounds selectively bind lead(II ions in in vivo experiments, despite so far no Pb(II-containing compounds of defined composition have been isolated and characterized. To assess the potential of polyether ionophores as possible antidotes in the agriculture, a detailed study on their in vitro complexation with toxic metal ions is required. In the present paper we report for the first time the preparation and the structure elucidation of salinomycin complexes with ions of cadmium(II and lead(II. Results New metal(II complexes of the polyether ionophorous antibiotic salinomycin with Cd(II and Pb(II ions were prepared and structurally characterized by IR, FAB-MS and NMR techniques. The spectroscopic information and elemental analysis data reveal that sodium salinomycin (SalNa undergoes a reaction with heavy metal(II ions to form [Cd(Sal2(H2O2] (1 and [Pb(Sal(NO3] (2, respectively. Abstraction of sodium ions from the cavity of the antibiotic is occurring during the complexation reaction. Salinomycin coordinates with cadmium(II ions as a bidentate monoanionic ligand through the deprotonated carboxylic moiety and one of the hydroxyl groups to yield 1. Two salinomycin anions occupy the equatorial plane of the Cd(II center, while two water molecules take the axial positions of the inner coordination sphere of the metal(II cation. Complex 2 consists of monoanionic salinomycin acting in polydentate coordination mode in a molar ratio of 1: 1 to the metal ion with one nitrate ion for charge compensation. Conclusion The formation of the salinomycin heavy metal(II complexes indicates a possible antidote activity of the ligand in case of chronic/acute intoxications likely to occur in the stock

  9. Condutividade da Polianilina e Poliacrilonitrila Dopadas com Fe(II e Fe(III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yonis Fornazier Filho

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work we report O estudo da interação de íons Fe(II com a polianilina foi feito através da obtenção deste polímero na forma de salthe studies on Polyaniline Emeraldine (PANI-ES and Polyacrilonitrile (PAN doped with salt of Fe (II and Fe(III. We used the techniques of conductivity measurements with aplicação de pressão.application of pressure.  The results showed that conductivity of PANI-ES increase with pressure of range of 1.73 MPa until 20.0 MPa and PAN also increase with maximum of 6.0 mPa except to samples PAN-2-TT-FeIII and PAN-2-TTAA-FeIII.

  10. Biological activity of Fe(III) aquo-complexes towards ferric chelate reductase (FCR).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escudero, Rosa; Gómez-Gallego, Mar; Romano, Santiago; Fernández, Israel; Gutiérrez-Alonso, Ángel; Sierra, Miguel A; López-Rayo, Sandra; Nadal, Paloma; Lucena, Juan J

    2012-03-21

    In this study we have obtained experimental evidence that confirms the high activity of aquo complexes III and IV towards the enzyme FCR, responsible for the reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II) in the process of iron acquisition by plants. The in vivo FCR assays in roots of stressed cucumber plants have shown a higher efficiency of the family of complexes III and a striking structure-activity relationship with the nature of the substituent placed in a phenyl group far away from the metal center. The results obtained in this work demonstrate that all the aquo compounds tested interact efficiently with the enzyme FCR and hence constitute a new concept of iron chelates that could be of great use in agronomy.

  11. Fe(III) photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by low-molecular-weight organic acids with α-OH

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sun Jun; Mao, J.-D.; Gong Hui; Lan Yeqing

    2009-01-01

    The photochemical reduction of Cr(VI) by four low-molecular-weight organic acids (tartaric acid, citric acid, malic acid, and n-butyric acid) in the presence of either dissolved Fe(III) in dilute aqueous solution or adsorbed Fe(III) on clay mineral surfaces (kaolinite, montmorillonite and illite) was investigated using batch reactors at a pH range from 3.5 to 4.5 at 25 deg. C. The results indicate that Fe(III) photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by organic acids with α-OH is extremely fast. During a reaction period when less than 80% initial Cr(VI) was consumed, the reaction can be described as pseudo-first-order with respect to Cr(VI) when organic acid in excess. By plotting ln[Cr(VI)] as a function of reaction time, rate constants of Cr(VI) reduction by organic acids are obtained. The rate constants involving the four acids are in the order: tartaric acid (with 2 carboxylic groups and 2 α-OH groups) > citric acid (with 3 carboxylic groups and 1 α-OH group) ∼ malic acid (with 2 carboxylic groups and 1 α-OH group) >> n-butyric acid (with 1 carboxylic group and no α-OH group). This order suggests that the number of α-OH but not the number of carboxylic groups is an important determinant of kinetics. With light, the reduction of Cr(VI) by citric acid is accelerated by clay minerals. The enhancement of Cr(VI) reduction is attributed to the catalysis of Fe(III) adsorbed on clay mineral surfaces. However, such an acceleration is markedly suppressed by introducing NaF into the reaction system since NaF forms a complex with Fe(III). It is concluded that the complex formation between Fe(III) and organic acid is a key step for the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) in the presence of Fe(III) and organic acids with α-OH.

  12. Field-Induced Co(II) Single-Ion Magnets with mer-Directing Ligands but Ambiguous Coordination Geometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Yan; Mereacre, Valeriu; Anson, Christopher E; Zhang, Yiquan; Bodenstein, Tilmann; Fink, Karin; Powell, Annie K

    2017-06-05

    Three air-stable Co(II) mononuclear complexes with different aromatic substituents have been prepared and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The mononuclear complexes [Co(H 2 L1) 2 ]·2THF (1), [Co(HL2) 2 ] (2), and [Co(H 2 L3) 2 ]·CH 2 Cl 2 (3) (where H 3 L1, H 2 L2, and H 3 L3 represent 3-hydroxy-naphthalene-2-carboxylic acid (6-hydroxymethyl-pyridin-2-ylmethylene) hydrazide, nicotinic acid (6-hydroxymethyl-pyridin-2-ylmethylene) hydrazide, and 2-hydroxy-benzoic acid (6-hydroxymethyl-pyridin-2-ylmethylene) hydrazide, respectively) feature a distorted mer octahedral coordination geometry. Detailed magnetic studies of 1-3 have been conducted using direct and alternating current magnetic susceptibility data. Field-induced slow magnetic relaxation was observed for these three complexes. There are few examples of such behavior in (distorted) octahedral coordination geometry (OC) Co(II) mononuclear complexes with uniaxial anisotropy. Analysis of the six-coordinate Co(II) mononuclear single-ion magnets (SIMs) in the literature using the SHAPE program revealed that they all show what is best described as distorted trigonal prismatic (TRP) coordination geometry, and in general, these show negative D zero-field splitting (ZFS) values. On the other hand, all the Co(II) mononuclear complexes displaying what is best approximated as distorted octahedral (OC) coordination geometry show positive D values. In the new Co(II) mononuclear complexes we describe here, there is an ambiguity, since the rigid tridentate ligands confer what is best described for an octahedral complex as a mer coordination geometry, but the actual shape of the first coordination sphere is between octahedral and trigonal prismatic. The negative D values observed experimentally and supported by high-level electronic structure calculations are thus in line with a trigonal prismatic geometry. However, a consideration of the rhombicity as indicated by the E value of the ZFS in

  13. Adsorption Behavior of Selective Recognition Functionalized Biochar to Cd(II in Wastewater

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiqiu Zhang

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Biochar is an excellent absorbent for most heavy metal ions and organic pollutants with high specific surface area, strong aperture structure, high stability, higher cation exchange capacity and rich surface functional groups. To improve the selective adsorption capacity of biochar to designated heavy metal ions, biochar prepared by agricultural waste is modified via Ionic-Imprinted Technique. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR spectra analysis and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS analysis of imprinted biochar (IB indicate that 3-Mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane is grafted on biochar surface through Si–O–Si bonds. The results of adsorption experiments indicate that the suitable pH range is about 3.0–8.0, the dosage is 2.0 g·L−1, and the adsorption equilibrium is reached within 960 min. In addition, the data match pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir model well. The computation results of adsorption thermodynamics and stoichiometric displacement theory of adsorption (SDT-A prove that the adsorption process is spontaneous and endothermic. Finally, IB possesses a higher selectivity adsorption to Cd(II and a better reuse capacity. The functionalized biochar could solidify designated ions stably.

  14. Developing multifunctional nanoparticles in a 1-D coordination polymer of Cd(II)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Rashmi A.; Gupta, Neeraj K.

    2017-11-01

    A simple synthesis for the integration of different nanoparticles (NPs) including Ag, Au, Pd, Cr and mixed (Cu/Fe), has been demonstrated within the nanopores of a non-activated one dimensional porous coordination polymer (PCP) of Cd(II) due to its high flexible structure. There are two different mechanisms (acid formation (HCl/HNO3) and redox activity of the framework) elucidated by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Presence of -NO2 groups of the ligand act as anchoring sites for metal ions of metal precursors leading to NPs growth within the PCP explained by FTIR. High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images provided insight of the chemical and physical characteristics of the NPs within the framework. Ag/AgO NPs exhibit excellent antibacterial properties at extremely low concentrations. The polymer shows potential for sequestration and reduction of hexavalent Cr (highly toxic) to elemental, trivalent and tetravalent Cr (non toxic). This framework is also an excellent template for fabrication and dry storage of nanoparticles synthesized by mixed metal precursors. Ferromagnetic properties have been shown by Ag and Au NPs integrated frameworks while Cu/Fe@Cd-PCP behaves as a paramagnet material at room temperature.

  15. Uptake of Cd(II Using Natural Zeolite: Batch and Continuous Fixed-Bed Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luna M. LMarashdeh

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Uptake of Cd(II ions by natural phillipsite tuff was investigated both in shake-flask and fixed-bed columns. Equilibrium uptake, qe, was found to best fit Langmuir adsorption isotherm with a maximum value of 25.78 mg/g. Percent removal of Cd ions was close to 100% from initial metal ion concentrations in the range 50 - 75 mg/L at 5.0 g zeolite/L. Also, qe was found to vary exponentially with zeolite dose. Break points as high as 350 minutes were obtained from bed treatment at favorable conditions of a low solution flow rate and high bed depth. In batch experiments, equilibrium pH increased to < 8.0 excluding chemical precipitation as part of the removal while in fixed-beds the final pH exceeded 9.0. It is suggested that a sieve action of zeolite porous structure plays a role as an uptake mechanism in addition to the ion exchange.

  16. Magnetic properties of weakly exchange-coupled high spin Co(II) ions in pseudooctahedral coordination evaluated by single crystal X-band EPR spectroscopy and magnetic measurements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuman, Nicolás I; Winkler, Elín; Peña, Octavio; Passeggi, Mario C G; Rizzi, Alberto C; Brondino, Carlos D

    2014-03-03

    We report single-crystal X-band EPR and magnetic measurements of the coordination polymer catena-(trans-(μ2-fumarato)tetraaquacobalt(II)), 1, and the Co(II)-doped Zn(II) analogue, 2, in different Zn:Co ratios. 1 presents two magnetically inequivalent high spin S = 3/2 Co(II) ions per unit cell, named A and B, in a distorted octahedral environment coordinated to four water oxygen atoms and trans coordinated to two carboxylic oxygen atoms from the fumarate anions, in which the Co(II) ions are linked by hydrogen bonds and fumarate molecules. Magnetic susceptibility and magnetization measurements of 1 indicate weak antiferromagnetic exchange interactions between the S = 3/2 spins of the Co(II) ions in the crystal lattice. Oriented single crystal EPR experiments of 1 and 2 were used to evaluate the molecular g-tensor and the different exchange coupling constants between the Co(II) ions, assuming an effective spin S′= 1/2. Unexpectedly, the eigenvectors of the molecular g-tensor were not lying along any preferential bond direction, indicating that, in high spin Co(II) ions in roughly octahedral geometry with approximately axial EPR signals, the presence of molecular pseudo axes in the metal site does not determine preferential directions for the molecular g-tensor. The EPR experiment and magnetic measurements, together with a theoretical analysis relating the coupling constants obtained from both techniques, allowed us to evaluate selectively the exchange coupling constant associated with hydrogen bonds that connect magnetically inequivalent Co(II) ions (|JAB(1/2)| = 0.055(2) cm(–1)) and the exchange coupling constant associated with a fumarate bridge connecting equivalent Co(II) ions (|JAA(1/2)| ≈ 0.25 (1) cm(–1)), in good agreement with the average J(3/2) value determined from magnetic measurements.

  17. Preparation and Evaluation of Adsorbents from Coal and Irvingia gabonensis Seed Shell for the Removal of Cd(II) and Pb(II) Ions from Aqueous Solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezeokonkwo, Mercy A.; Ofor, Okechukwu F.; Ani, Julius U.

    2018-01-01

    Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions removal using adsorbents prepared from sub-bituminous coal, lignite, and a blend of coal and Irvingia gabonensis seed shells was investigated. Fourier transform infrared, scanning electron microscope and X-ray fluorescence analyses implicated hydroxyl, carbonyl, Al2O3, and SiO2 as being responsible for attaching the metal ions on the porous adsorbents. The optimum adsorption of carbonized lignite for the uptake of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous media were 80.93 and 87.85%, respectively. Batch adsorption was done by effect of adsorbent dosage, pH, contact time, temperature, particle size, and initial concentration. Equilibrium for the removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) was established within 100 and 120 min respectively. Blending the lignite-derived adsorbent with I. gabonensis seed shell improved the performance significantly. More improvement was observed on modification of the blend using NaOH and H3PO4. Pb(II) was preferentially adsorbed than Cd(II) in all cases. Adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions followed Langmuir isotherm. The adsorption kinetics was best described by pseudo-second order model. The potential for using a blend of coal and agricultural byproduct (I. gabonensis seed shell) was found a viable alternative for removal of toxic heavy metals from aqueous solutions. PMID:29435444

  18. Cd(II extraction in PEG (1550–(NH42SO4 aqueous two-phase systems using halide extractants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LAURA BULGARIU

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The extraction of Cd(II was studied in an aqueous PEG–(NH42SO4 two-phase system, formed from a water-soluble polymer (poly(ethylene glycol, PEG and an inorganic salt ((NH42SO4, in the presence of halide ions. In the absence of a suitable extracting agent, Cd(II remains predominantly in the salt-rich phase of the extraction system. By addition of halide ions as extractants, Cd(II is extracted into the PEG-rich phase due to the formation of cadmium halide species. The efficiency of the extractants increased in the order: Cl– < Br– < I–. From the distribution coefficients determined as a function of the concentration of the halide ions, the compositions of the extracted species were assumed and the “conditional” extractions constants calculated. The experimental results indicate that the extractability of Cd(II in such extraction systems depends on the type of Cd(II halide species (which is mainly determined by the acidity of salt stock solution and of their stability.

  19. Preparation and Evaluation of Adsorbents from Coal and Irvingia gabonensis Seed Shell for the Removal of Cd(II and Pb(II Ions from Aqueous Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercy A. Ezeokonkwo

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Cd(II and Pb(II ions removal using adsorbents prepared from sub-bituminous coal, lignite, and a blend of coal and Irvingia gabonensis seed shells was investigated. Fourier transform infrared, scanning electron microscope and X-ray fluorescence analyses implicated hydroxyl, carbonyl, Al2O3, and SiO2 as being responsible for attaching the metal ions on the porous adsorbents. The optimum adsorption of carbonized lignite for the uptake of Cd(II and Pb(II ions from aqueous media were 80.93 and 87.85%, respectively. Batch adsorption was done by effect of adsorbent dosage, pH, contact time, temperature, particle size, and initial concentration. Equilibrium for the removal of Pb(II and Cd(II was established within 100 and 120 min respectively. Blending the lignite-derived adsorbent with I. gabonensis seed shell improved the performance significantly. More improvement was observed on modification of the blend using NaOH and H3PO4. Pb(II was preferentially adsorbed than Cd(II in all cases. Adsorption of Cd(II and Pb(II ions followed Langmuir isotherm. The adsorption kinetics was best described by pseudo-second order model. The potential for using a blend of coal and agricultural byproduct (I. gabonensis seed shell was found a viable alternative for removal of toxic heavy metals from aqueous solutions.

  20. Single and competitive adsorption of Cd(II and Pb(II ions from aqueous solutions onto industrial chili seeds (Capsicum annuum waste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nahum A. Medellin-Castillo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the single and binary adsorption of Cd(II and Pb(II onto industrial chili seeds (CS (Capsicum annuum from aqueous solutions was investigated as a possible low-cost biosorbent for the removal of toxic heavy metals from aqueous solutions. The dependence of the adsorption capacity of CS on the solution pH and temperature, and the presence of competitive metal were also studied in detail. The adsorption equilibrium experiments of Cd(II and Pb(II on CS were conducted in a batch adsorber. The Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models were fitted to the single adsorption equilibrium data and the latter provided a better fit. Moreover, it was found that the adsorption capacity of CS towards Cd(II and Pb(II ions was greatly increased by increasing the solution pH. The effect of the pH was attributed to the electrostatic interaction between the negatively charged CS surface and the Cd2+ and Pb2+ cations in the aqueous solution. The adsorption capacity was slightly increased by raising the temperature because the adsorption of Cd(II or Pb(II ions on CS was an endothermic process. The experimental binary adsorption data were satisfactorily interpreted using the modified Langmuir multicomponent isotherm and the competitive adsorption of Cd(II-Pb(II on CS revealed that the affinity of Pb(II for CS was more than 5 times higher than that of Cd(II.

  1. Carbon quantum dots/layered double hydroxide hybrid for fast and efficient decontamination of Cd(II): The adsorption kinetics and isotherms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmanian, Omid; Dinari, Mohammad; Abdolmaleki, Mahmood Karimi

    2018-01-01

    Novel carbon quantum dots/zinc aluminum layered double hydroxide (CQD/ZnAl-LDH) composite was prepared through the precipitation of metal nitrates in the presence of CQD by a facile and simple method and further applied to remove excessive Cd(II) ions from water. The chemical composition and morphology of the CQDs/ZnAl-LDH hybrid was investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Batch studies were done to evaluate the effects of the adsorption of Cd(II) by CQDs/ZnAl-LDH to optimize the major parameters such as pH, contact time, and initial concentration. The maximum uptake capacity of Cd(II) on CQDs/ZnAl-LDH was only 12.60 mg/g at 20 min due to the available exterior sites on the adsorbent. The adsorption kinetics and isotherms of Cd(II) on CQDs/ZnAl-LDH were also investigated. The experimental data indicated that the adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherms of Cd(II) on CQDs/ZnAl-LDH were well-fitted by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Freundlich isotherm model, respectively.

  2. Sputtered bismuth screen-printed electrode: a promising alternative to other bismuth modifications in the voltammetric determination of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions in groundwater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosa, Velia; Serrano, Núria; Ariño, Cristina; Díaz-Cruz, José Manuel; Esteban, Miquel

    2014-02-01

    A commercially available sputtered bismuth screen-printed electrode (BispSPE) has been pioneeringly applied for the simultaneous determination of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions in a certified groundwater sample by means of differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV) as an alternative to more conventional bismuth screen-printed carbon electrodes (BiSPCEs). BispSPEs can be used for a large set of measurements without any previous plating or activation. The obtained detection and quantification limits suggest that BispSPEs produce a better analytical performance as compared to In-situ BiSPCE for Pb(II) and Cd(II) determination, but also to Ex-situ BiSPCE for Cd(II) determination. The results confirm the applicability of these devices for the determination of low level concentrations of these metal ions in natural samples with very high reproducibility (0.7% and 2.5% for Pb(II) and Cd(II) respectively), and good trueness (0.3% and 2.4% for Pb(II) and Cd(II) respectively). © 2013 Published by Elsevier B.V.

  3. Advanced Experimental Analysis of Controls on Microbial Fe(III) Oxide Reduction - Final Report - 09/16/1996 - 03/16/2001; FINAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roden, Eric E.

    2001-01-01

    Considering the broad influence that microbial Fe(III) oxide reduction can have on subsurface metal/organic contaminant biogeochemistry, understanding the mechanisms that control this process is critical for predicting the behavior and fate of these contaminants in anaerobic subsurface environments. Knowledge of the factors that influence the rates of growth and activity of Fe(III) oxide-reducing bacteria is critical for predicting (i.e., modeling) the long-term influence of these organisms on the fate of contaminants in the subsurface, and for effectively utilizing Fe(III) oxide reduction and associated geochemical affects for the purpose of subsurface metal/organic contamination bioremediation. This research project will refine existing models for microbiological and geochemical controls on Fe(III) oxide reduction, using laboratory reactor systems that mimic, to varying degrees, the physical and chemical conditions of the subsurface. Novel experimental methods for studying the kinetics of microbial Fe(III) oxide reduction and measuring growth rates of Fe(III) oxide-reducing bacteria will be developed. These new methodologies will be directly applicable to studies on subsurface contaminant transformations directly coupled to or influenced by microbial Fe(III) oxide reduction

  4. Energy-level matching of Fe(III) ions grafted at surface and doped in bulk for efficient visible-light photocatalysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Min; Qiu, Xiaoqing; Miyauchi, Masahiro; Hashimoto, Kazuhito

    2013-07-10

    Photocatalytic reaction rate (R) is determined by the multiplication of light absorption capability (α) and quantum efficiency (QE); however, these two parameters generally have trade-off relations. Thus, increasing α without decreasing QE remains a challenging issue for developing efficient photocatalysts with high R. Herein, using Fe(III) ions grafted Fe(III) doped TiO2 as a model system, we present a novel method for developing visible-light photocatalysts with efficient R, utilizing the concept of energy level matching between surface-grafted Fe(III) ions as co-catalysts and bulk-doped Fe(III) ions as visible-light absorbers. Photogenerated electrons in the doped Fe(III) states under visible-light efficiently transfer to the surface grafted Fe(III) ions co-catalysts, as the doped Fe(III) ions in bulk produced energy levels below the conduction band of TiO2, which match well with the potential of Fe(3+)/Fe(2+) redox couple in the surface grafted Fe(III) ions. Electrons in the surface grafted Fe(III) ions efficiently cause multielectron reduction of adsorbed oxygen molecules to achieve high QE value. Consequently, the present Fe(III)-FexTi1-xO2 nanocomposites exhibited the highest visible-light R among the previously reported photocatalysts for decomposition of gaseous organic compounds. The high R can proceed even under commercial white-light emission diode irradiation and is very stable for long-term use, making it practically useful. Further, this efficient method could be applied in other wide-band gap semiconductors, including ZnO or SrTiO3, and may be potentially applicable for other photocatalysis systems, such as water splitting, CO2 reduction, NOx removal, and dye decomposition. Thus, this method represents a strategic approach to develop new visible-light active photocatalysts for practical uses.

  5. Selective Extraction of Co(II in the Presence of Mn(II, Ni(II and Cu(II Using Salting-out Phase Separation Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A M Shafiqul Alam

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Extraction of Co(II in the presence of Mn(II, Ni(II and Cu(II has been studied using the mixture of 2-propanol with water upon the addition of CaCl2 in the concentration range of 3.0 – 5.0 mol dm-3 (M. Co(II was extracted selectively to the extent of 80% into the 2-propanol phase at 5.0 M CaCl2. The percent of extraction of other transition metal ions, for example Mn(II, Ni(II and Cu(II was much lower than that of Co(II, but they were stripped in the aqueous phase upon addition of CaCl2. Therefore, selective extraction of Co(II from these metal ions was attained by using the mixture of water and 2-propanol. Co(II was extracted as CoCl42- from the aqueous phase into the 2-propanol phase through the formation of ion pair, Ca2+ - CoCl42-. A mechanism is proposed to explain the extraction.

  6. Removal of Pb(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) from aqueous solution by some fungi and natural adsorbents in single and multiple metal systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shoaib, A.; Badar, T.; Aslam, N.

    2011-01-01

    Six fungal and 10 natural biosorbents were analyzed for their Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) uptake capacity from single, binary and ternary metal ion system. Preliminary screening biosorption of assays revealed 2 fungi (Aspergillus niger and Cunninghamella echinulata) and three natural [Cicer arietinum husk, Moringa oleifera flower and soil (clay)] adsorbents hold considerable high adsorption efficiency and capacity for 3 meta l ions amongst the adsorbents. Further biosorption trials with five elected adsorbents showed a considerable reduction in metal uptake capability of adsorbents in binary- and ternary systems as compared to singly metal system. Cd(II) manifested the highest inhibitory effect on the biosorption of other metal ions, followed by Pb(II) and Cu(II). On account of metal preference, the selectivity order for metal ion towards the studied biomass matrices was Pb(II) (40-90%) > Cd(II) (2-53%) > Cu(II) (2-30%). (author)

  7. Construction of two Cd(II) complexes by flexible adipic acid plus 2-((benzoimidazol-yl)methyl)-1H-tetrazole ligand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Wanlu; Zhang, Yuhong; Wang, Xiuxiu; Meng, Xiangru

    2015-10-01

    Two new complexes with the formulas [Cd(bimt)(adi)]n (1) and {[Cd(bimt)(adi)0.5Br]·H2O}n (2) were synthesized through reactions of 2-((benzoimidazol-yl)methyl)-1H-tetrazole (bimt) with Cd(II) salts in the presence of adipic acid (H2adi). Single crystal X-ray analysis reveals that complex 1 shows a 1D chain structure in which adipate ligand coordinates to Cd(II) ions with μ3-bridging mode. Complex 2 displays a 2D layer structure with 4-connected (44·62) topology in which adipate ligand coordinates to Cd(II) ions with μ2-bridging mode. These results reveal that the versatile coordination modes of adipate ligands play an important role in controlling the structures of the complexes. In addition, their IR spectra, element analyses, PXRD patterns and luminescent properties are investigated.

  8. Coordination chemistry and hydrolysis of Fe(III) in a peat humic acid studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsson, Torbjörn; Persson, Per

    2010-01-01

    The speciation of iron (Fe) in soils, sediments and surface waters is highly dependent on chemical interactions with natural organic matter (NOM). However, the molecular structure and hydrolysis of the Fe species formed in association with NOM is still poorly described. In this study extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy was used to determine the coordination chemistry and hydrolysis of Fe(III) in solution of a peat humic acid (5010-49,200 μg Fe g -1 dry weight, pH 3.0-7.2). Data were analyzed by both conventional EXAFS data fitting and by wavelet transforms in order to facilitate the identification of the nature of backscattering atoms. Our results show that Fe occurs predominantly in the oxidized form as ferric ions and that the speciation varies with pH and Fe concentration. At low Fe concentrations (5010-9920 μg g -1; pH 3.0-7.2) mononuclear Fe(III)-NOM complexes completely dominates the speciation. The determined bond distances for the Fe(III)-NOM complexes are similar to distances obtained for Fe(III) complexed by desferrioxamine B and oxalate indicating the formation of a five-membered chelate ring structure. At higher Fe concentrations (49,200 μg g -1; pH 4.2-6.9) we detect a mixture of mononuclear Fe(III)-NOM complexes and polymeric Fe(III) (hydr)oxides with an increasing amount of Fe(III) (hydr)oxides at higher pH. However, even at pH 6.9 and a Fe concentration of 49,200 μg g -1 our data indicates that a substantial amount of the total Fe (>50%) is in the form of organic complexes. Thus, in environments with significant amounts of organic matter organic Fe complexes will be of great importance for the geochemistry of Fe. Furthermore, the formation of five-membered chelate ring structures is in line with the strong complexation and limited hydrolytic polymerization of Fe(III) in our samples and also agrees with EXAFS derived structures of Fe(III) in organic soils.

  9. Impact of Fe(III)-OM complexes and Fe(III) polymerization on SOM pools reactivity under different land uses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannetta, B.; Plaza, C.; Zaccone, C.; Siebecker, M. G.; Rovira, P.; Vischetti, C.; Sparks, D. L.

    2017-12-01

    Soil organic matter (SOM) protection and long-term accumulation are controlled by adsorption to mineral surfaces in different ways, depending on its molecular structure and pedo-climatic conditions. Iron (Fe) oxides are known to be key regulators of the soil carbon (C) cycle, and Fe speciation in soils is highly dependent on environmental conditions and chemical interactions with SOM. However, the molecular structure and hydrolysis of Fe species formed in association with SOM is still poorly described. We hypothesize the existence of two pools of Fe which interact with SOM: mononuclear Fe(III)-SOM complexes and precipitated Fe(III) hydroxides. To verify our hypothesis, we investigated the interactions between Fe(III) and physically isolated soil fractions by means of batch experiments at pH 7. Specifically, we examined the fine silt plus clay (FSi+C) fraction, obtained by ultrasonic dispersion and wet sieving. The soil samples spanned several land uses, including coniferous forest (CFS), grassland (GS), technosols (TS) and agricultural (AS) soils. Solid phase products and supernatants were analyzed for C and Fe content. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis were also performed. Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) was used to assess the main C functional groups involved in C complexation and desorption experiments. Preliminary linear combination fitting (LCF) of Fe K-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectra suggested the formation of ferrihydrite-like polymeric Fe(III) oxides in reacted CFS and GS samples, with higher C and Fe concentration. Conversely, mononuclear Fe(III) OM complexes dominated the speciation for TS and AS samples, characterized by lower C and Fe concentration, inhibiting the hydrolysis and polymerization of Fe (III). This approach will help revealing the mechanisms by which SOM pools can control Fe(III) speciation, and will elucidate how both Fe

  10. Removal of binary Cr(VI) and Cd(II) from the catholyte of MFCs and determining their fate in EAB using fluorescence probes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Liping; Zhou, Peng; Quan, Xie; Logan, Bruce E

    2018-03-19

    Electrochemically active bacteria (EAB) on the cathodes of microbial fuel cells (MFCs) can remove metals from the catholyte, but the fate of metals in the cells has not been examined in the presence of multiple metals. To study the relative uptake and fate of Cr(VI) and Cd(II) in cells, fluorescence probes were used to determine the amount and location of these metals in four different EAB on the biocathodes of MFCs. When both metals were present, less Cr(VI) was removed but Cd(II) uptake was not appreciably affected. As a consequence, the imaging of Cr(III) ions was lower than that using individual fluorescence probes for single Cr(III) ions in each EAB, compared to negligible changes in images for Cd(II) ions in the presence of either both Cr(VI) and Cd(II) or Cd(II) alone. The concentration of Cr(III) ions in the cells consistently increased over time, while that of Cd(II) ions decreased following an initial increase. Cr or Cd uptake could not be detected using a scanning electron microscope coupled with an energy dispersive spectrometer, reflecting the high sensitivities of the fluorescence probes to these metals. More chromium was found in the cytoplasm while cadmium preferentially accumulated in the cell envelope. These results demonstrate that the fate of chromium and cadmium in EAB was different when both metals were present, compared to controls containing a single metal. These results provide direct and visible results on the fate of the metals in the EAB when these metals are co-present in the catholyte of MFCs. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Tartrazine modified activated carbon for the removal of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monser, Lotfi; Adhoum, Nafaâ

    2009-01-15

    A two in one attempt for the removal of tartrazine and metal ions on activated carbon has been developed. The method was based on the modification of activated carbon with tartrazine then its application for the removal of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) ions at different pH values. Tartrazine adsorption data were modelled using both Langmuir and Freundlich classical adsorption isotherms. The adsorption capacities qm were 121.3, 67 and 56.7mgg(-1) at initial pH values of 1.0, 6.0 and 10, respectively. The adsorption of tartrazine onto activated carbon followed second-order kinetic model. The equilibrium time was found to be 240min at pH 1.0 and 120min at pH 10 for 500mgL(-1) tartrazine concentration. A maximum removal of 85% was obtained after 1h of contact time. The presence of tartrazine as modifier enhances attractive electrostatic interactions between metal ions and carbon surface. The adsorption capacity for Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) ions has been improved with respect to non-modified carbon reaching a maximum of 140%. The adsorption capacity was found to be a pH dependent for both modified and non-modified carbon with a greater adsorption at higher pH values except for Cr(III). The enhancement percent of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) at different pH values was varied from 28% to 140% with respect to non-modified carbon. The amount of metal ions adsorbed using static regime was 11-40% higher than that with dynamic mode. The difference between adsorption capacities could be attributed to the applied flow rate.

  12. Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaf powder as a biosorbent for removal of Cd(II) from aqueous medium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Arunima [Department of chemistry, Gauhati University, Guwahati 781014, Assam (India); Bhattacharyya, Krishna G. [Department of chemistry, Gauhati University, Guwahati 781014, Assam (India)]. E-mail: krishna2604@sify.com

    2005-10-17

    A biosorbent, Neem leaf powder (NLP), was prepared from the mature leaves of the Azadirachta indica (Neem) tree by initial cleaning, drying, grinding, washing to remove pigments and redrying. The powder was characterized with respect to specific surface area (21.45 m{sup 2} g{sup -1}), surface topography and surface functional groups and the material was used as an adsorbent in a batch process to remove Cd(II) from aqueous medium under conditions of different concentrations, NLP loadings, pH, agitation time and temperature. Adsorption increased from 8.8% at pH 4.0 to 70.0% at pH 7.0 and 93.6% at pH 9.5, the higher values in alkaline medium being due to removal by precipitation. The adsorption was very fast initially and maximum adsorption was observed within 300 min of agitation. The kinetics of the interactions was tested with pseudo first order Lagergren equation (mean k {sub 1} = 1.2 x 10{sup -2} min{sup -1}), simple second order kinetics (mean k {sub 2} = 1.34 x 10{sup -3} g mg{sup -1} min{sup -1}), Elovich equation, liquid film diffusion model (mean k = 1.39 x 10{sup -2} min{sup -1}) and intra-particle diffusion mechanism. The adsorption data gave good fits with Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms and yielded Langmuir monolayer capacity of 158 mg g{sup -1} for the NLP and Freundlich adsorption capacity of 18.7 L g{sup -1}. A 2.0 g of NLP could remove 86% of Cd(II) at 293 K from a solution containing 158.8 mg Cd(II) per litre. The mean values of the thermodynamic parameters, {delta}H, {delta}S and {delta}G, at 293 K were -73.7 kJ mol{sup -1}, -0.24 J mol{sup -1} K{sup -1} and -3.63 kJ mol{sup -1}, respectively, showing the adsorption process to be thermodynamically favourable. The results have established good potentiality for the Neem leaf powder to be used as a biosorbent for Cd(II)

  13. Pengaruh Ion Logam Cd(II) terhadap Ekstraksi Ion Timbal(II) Menggunakan Teknik Emulsi Membran Cair

    OpenAIRE

    Setyani, Rizka; Hamzah, Baharuddin; Suherman, Suherman

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to study on the effect the addition of Cd (II) metal ions towards extraction of lead (II) ions using liquid emulsion membrane technique. Various concentrations of Cd (II) ions used in this study were 0, 50, 100, 150, 200, and 250 ppm. Benzoyl acetone was used as a chelating agent for extraction. Spectrophotometer spectrodirect was used to measure extraction products. The results showed that percent extraction of lead (II) ion prior additional Cd(II) ion was 99.06%, and it was ...

  14. Secondary ligand-directed assembly of Co(II) coordination polymers based on a pyridine carboxylate ligand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cao, Ke-Li; Zhang, Yi-Ping; Cai, Yi-Ni; Xu, Xiao-Wei; Feng, Yun-Long

    2014-01-01

    To investigate the influence of hydrogen bonds and secondary ligands on the structures and properties of the resulting frameworks, five new Co(II) compounds have been synthesized by the reactions of Co(II) salts and 3,5-bis(pyridin-4-ylmethoxy)benzoic acid (HL) with four rationally selected dicarboxylic acid ligands. Without secondary ligand, we got one compound [CoL 2 (H 2 O) 2 ] n ·2nH 2 O (1), which possesses a 1D chain structure. In the presence of ancillary ligands, namely, 1,3-adamantanedicarboxylic acid (H 2 adbc), terephthalic acid (H 2 tpa), thiophene-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (H 2 tdc) and 1,4-benzenedithioacetic acid (H 2 bdtc), four 3D structures [Co 2 L 2 (adbc)] n ·nH 2 O (2), [Co 2 L 2 (tpa)] n (3), [Co 2 L 2 (tdc)] n (4), [Co 2 L 2 (bdtc)(H 2 O)] n (5) were obtained, respectively. It can be observed from the architectures of 1–5 that hydrogen bonds and secondary ligands both have great effects on the spatial connective fashions, resulting in the formation of various dimensional compounds. The XRPD, TGA data of title polymers and the magnetic properties for 2 and 5 have also been investigated. - Graphical abstract: The structural differences show that the ancillary ligands have great effects on the spatial connective fashions, resulting in the formation of various dimensional compounds. - Highlights: • Five new Co(II) coordination polymers have been synthesized by solvothermal reactions based on 3,5-bis(pyridin-4-ylmethoxy)benzoic acid (HL). • The long-flexible ligand (HL) is a good candidate to produce interpenetrating architectures. • The secondary dicarboxylic acid ligands play important roles in the spatial connective fashions and the formation of various dimensional compounds. • The magnetism studies show that both 2 and 5 exhibit antiferromagnetic interactions

  15. Detection of mitochondrial COII DNA sequences in ant guts as a method for assessing termite predation by ants

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fayle, Tom Maurice; Scholtz, O.; Dumbrell, A. J.; Russell, S.; Segar, Simon Tristram; Eggleton, P.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 10, č. 4 (2015), e0122533 E-ISSN 1932-6203 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA14-32302S Grant - others:European Social Fund(CZ) CZ1.07/2.3.00/20.0064; European Social Fund(CZ) CZ.1.07/2.3.00/30.0006 Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : mitochondrial COII DNA sequences Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour Impact factor: 3.057, year: 2015 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0122533

  16. Thermoanalytical studies of cimetidine and complexes with Mn(II) Co(II) and Ni(II)

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Carolina Mendes Hacke; Fernanda Moreira; Egon Schnitzler; Neiva Deliberali Rosso

    2014-01-01

    Cimetidine is an important hydrogen histamine receptor and can coordinate metal ions in blood plasma. The stability of cimetidine and its complexes with Mn(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) was evaluated by studies of thermogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). Cimetidine was thermally stable up to near 190 °C and above this temperature the thermal decomposition occurred in two stages. Complexes of [Mn(HCm)2]Cl2, [Co(Cm)2]Cl2 and [Ni(Cm)2]Cl2 showed a similar behavior. The pyrolytic d...

  17. LOW-TEMPERATURE OZONE DECOMPOSITION BY COMPLEXES OF Cu(II, Co(II AND Mn(II WITH HEXAMETHYLENETETRAMINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. S. Truba

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available First, the complexes MCl2*HTMA*xH2O/SiO2 (M = Cu(II, Co(II, Mn(II with hexa-methylenetetramine (HMTA molecule weakly bound with a central M atom (CM ranging from 5.010-7 to 5.010-6 mol/g have been found to catalyse the ozone decomposition. Their activity and turnover number exceeded much those for MCl2*хН2О/ SiO2 acido complexes

  18. Equilibrium Fe isotope fractionation between inorganic aqueous Fe(III) and the siderophore complex, Fe(III)-desferrioxamine B

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dideriksen, Knud; Baker, Joel A.; Stipp, Susan Louise Svane

    2008-01-01

    In oxic oceans, most of the dissolved iron (Fe) exists as complexes with siderophore-like, strongly coordinating organic ligands. Thus, the isotope composition of the little amount of free inorganic Fe that is available for precipitation and preservation in the geological record may largely...... be controlled by isotope fractionation between the free and complexed iron.We have determined the equilibrium Fe isotope fractionation induced by organic ligand activity in experiments with solutions having co-existing inorganic Fe(III) species and siderophore complexes, Fedesferrioxamine B (at pH 2). The two...... differently complexed Fe(III) pools were separated by addition of Na2CO3, which led to immediate precipitation of the inorganic Fe without causing significant dissociation of Fe-desferrioxamine complexes. Experiments using enriched 57Fe tracer showed that isotopic equilibration between the 57Fe...

  19. Equilibrium Fe isotope fractionation between inorganic aqueous Fe(III) and the siderophore complex, Fe(III)-desferrioxamine B

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dideriksen, Knud; Baker, Joel A.; Stipp, Susan Louise Svane

    2008-01-01

    be controlled by isotope fractionation between the free and complexed iron.We have determined the equilibrium Fe isotope fractionation induced by organic ligand activity in experiments with solutions having co-existing inorganic Fe(III) species and siderophore complexes, Fedesferrioxamine B (at pH 2). The two......-type fractionation during precipitation, this experiment yielded an isotope fractionation factor of a56Fesolution-solid=1.00027. Calculations based on these results indicate that isotopic re-equilibration is unlikely to significantly affect our determined equilibrium Fe isotope fractionation between inorganically...... and organically complexed Fe. To determine the equilibrium Fe isotope fractionation between inorganically and organically bound Fe(III), experiments with variable proportions of inorganic Fe were carried out at 25 °C. Irrespective of the proportion of inorganic Fe, equilibrium fractionation factors were within...

  20. Kinetic and thermodynamic studies of the Co(II) and Ni(II) ions removal from aqueous solutions by Ca-Mg phosphates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanets, A I; Srivastava, V; Kitikova, N V; Shashkova, I L; Sillanpää, M

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this work was to study the sorption kinetics and thermodynamics of Co(II) and Ni(II) from aqueous solutions by sorbents on the basis of hydrogen (PD-1) and tertiary (PD-2) Ca-Mg phosphates depending on the solution temperature and sorbents chemical composition. Kinetic studies of adsorption of Co(II) and Ni(II) ions onto samples of phosphate sorbents were performed in batch experiment at the temperatures 288, 303, 318 and 333 K. The sorbent dose was fixed at 10 g L -1 , initial pH value 2.6, and contact time varied from 5 to 600 min. The kinetics of Co(II) and Ni(II) adsorption were analyzed by using pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order and intraparticle diffusion models. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔG°, ΔH° and ΔS°) for the sorption of Co(II) and Ni(II) were determined using the Gibbs-Helmholtz equation. The calculated kinetic parameters and corresponding correlation coefficients revealed that Co(II) and Ni(II) uptake process followed the pseudo-second order rate expression. Thermodynamic studies confirmed the spontaneous and endothermic nature of removal process which indicate that sorption of Co(II) and Ni(II) ions onto both phosphate sorbents is favoured at higher temperatures and has the chemisorptive mechanism. The data thus obtained would be useful for practical application of the low cost and highly effective Ca-Mg phosphate sorbents. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Fe(III INVOLVEMENT IN THE PHOTODEGRADATION OF ASPIRIN IN HOMOGENEOUS AND HETEROGENEOUS PHASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y MAMERI

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The photocatalytic degradation of Aspirin (ASP induced by Fe(III in homogeneous (ASP-Fe(III-citrate complex and heterogeneous phase (ASP-Goethite was studied in aqueous solution up on irradiation at 365nm and by solar light.  A dark investigation of system containing a mixture of aspirin and Fe (III reveals no interaction in homogeneous phase but in heterogeneous phase, the interaction observed was traduced by aspirin adsorption on Goethite in aqueous solution. Under irradiation, Fe(III-Citrate complex enhance the photooxidation of ASP; a pseudo-first order kinetic model was employed to discuss the results. Against in heterogeneous phase, kinetics is slower and the process is accelerated at acidic pH. The involvement of HO● radicals has been established because of the influence of tertiobutanol used as a scavenger. The photodegradation of ASP in the mixture ASP-Fe(III-Cit and ASP-Goethite under solar light was significantly accelerated in comparison with artificial irradiation at 365nm.

  2. A simple small size and low cost sensor based on surface plasmon resonance for selective detection of Fe(III).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cennamo, Nunzio; Alberti, Giancarla; Pesavento, Maria; D'Agostino, Girolamo; Quattrini, Federico; Biesuz, Raffaela; Zeni, Luigi

    2014-03-07

    A simple, small size, and low cost sensor based on a Deferoxamine Self Assembled Monolayer (DFO-SAM) and Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) transduction, in connection with a Plastic Optical Fiber (POF), has been developed for the selective detection of Fe(III). DFO-SAM sensors based on appropriate electrochemical techniques can be frequently found in the scientific literature. In this work, we present the first example of a DFO-SAM sensor based on SPR in an optical fiber. The SPR sensing platform was realized by removing the cladding of a plastic optical fiber along half the circumference, spin coating a buffer of Microposit S1813 photoresist on the exposed core, and finally sputtering a thin gold film. The hydroxamate siderophore deferoxamine (DFO), having high binding affinity for Fe(III), is then used in its immobilized form, as self-assembled monolayer on the gold layer surface of the POF sensor. The results showed that the DFO-SAM-POF-sensor was able to sense the formation of the Fe(III)/DFO complex in the range of concentrations between 1 μm and 50 μm with a linearity range from 0 to 30 μm of Fe(III). The selectivity of the sensor was also proved by interference tests.

  3. Effect of metal ion Fe(III on the performance of chlorophyll as photosensitizers on dye sensitized solar cell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harsasi Setyawati

    Full Text Available The energy crisis is a major problem facing the world today and will need a renewable energy source that is environmentally friendly; one of these is the dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC. DSSC is photochemical electric cell that can convert solar energy into electrical energy. This research aims to study the characteristics of chlorophyll compounds with the addition of metal ions Fe(III and to determine the effect of Fe(III on the performance of chlorophyll as a photosensitizer in the DSSC. The formation of complex compounds of Fe(III-chlorophyll is shown by the phenomenon of metal ligand charge transfer (MLCT at a wavelength of 263.00 nm and absorption transition d-d at 745.00 nm. Fourier transform infrared characterization of the binding of Fe-O complex compounds appears at 486.06 cm−1. The complex compound of Fe(III-chlorophyll has a magnetic moment value of 9.62 Bohr Magneton (BM. The existence of ion Fe(III in chlorophyll can improve the performance of chlorophyll as a dye sensitizer with a maximum current of 4.00 mA/cm2, maximum voltage of 0.18 volts and efficiency values of 1.35%. Keywords: Fe(III-chlorophyll, Dye sensitized solar cell, Metal ligand charge transfer, Photosensitizer

  4. Effect of nitrate enrichment and diatoms on the bioavailability of Fe(III) oxyhydroxide colloids in seawater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Feng-Jiao; Huang, Bang-Qin; Li, Shun-Xing; Zheng, Feng-Ying; Huang, Xu-Guang

    2016-03-01

    The photoconversion of colloidal iron oxyhydroxides was a significant source of bioavailable iron in coastal systems. Diatoms dominate phytoplankton communities in coastal and upwelling regions. Diatoms are often exposed to eutrophication. We investigated the effects of different species of diatom, cell density, illumination period, and nitrate additions on the bioavailability of Fe(III) oxy-hydroxide colloids in seawaters. With the increase of illumination period from 1 to 4 h, the ratios of concentrations of total dissolved Fe (DFe) to colloidal iron oxyhydroxides and Fe(II) to DFe increased up to 24.3% and 23.9% for seawater without coastal diatoms, 45.6% and 30.2% for Skeletonema costatum, 44.3% and 29.7% for Thalassiosira weissflogii, respectively. The photochemical activity of coastal diatoms themselves (excluding the dissolved organic matter secreted by algae) on the species transformation of iron in seawater (including the light-induced dissolution of Fe(III) oxyhydroxide colloids and the photo-reduction of Fe(III) into Fe(II)) was confirmed for the first time. There was no significant difference of the ability of S. costatum and Thalassiosira weissflogii on the photoconversion of colloidal iron oxyhydroxides. The photoproduction of dissolved Fe(II) and DFe in the seawater with or without diatoms could be depressed by the nitrate addition. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Removal of Cu(II) and Cd(II) from aqueous solution by seafood processing waste sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, S M; Davis, A P

    2001-02-01

    Dried waste slurry generated in seafood processing factories has been shown to be an effective adsorbent for the removal of heavy metals from dilute solutions. Characterization of the sludge surface with scanning electron microscope and X-ray microanalyzer were carried out to evaluate the components on the sludge surface that are related to the adsorption of metal ions. Aluminum and calcium, as well as organic carbon are distributed on the surface of sludge. Alkalimetric titration was used to characterize the surface acidity of the sludge sample. The surface acidity constants, pKa1s and pKa2s, were 5.80 and 9.55, respectively. Batch as well as dynamic adsorption studies were conducted with 10(-5) to 5 x 10(-3) M Cu(II) and Cd(II). A surface complexation model with the diffuse layer model successfully predicted Cu(II) and Cd(II) removals in single metal solutions. Predictions of sorption in binary-adsorbate systems based on single-adsorbate data fits represented competitive sorption data reasonably well over a wide range of conditions. The breakthrough capacity found from column studies was different for each metal ion and the data reflect the order of metal affinity for the adsorbent material very well.

  6. Differential Binding of Co(II) and Zn(II) to Metallo-beta-Lactamase Bla2 from Bacillus anthracis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hawk, M.; Breece, R; Hajdin, C; Bender, K; Hu, Z; Costello, A; Bennett, B; Tierney, D; Crowder, M

    2009-01-01

    In an effort to probe the structure, mechanism, and biochemical properties of metallo-{beta}-lactamase Bla2 from Bacillus anthracis, the enzyme was overexpressed, purified, and characterized. Metal analyses demonstrated that recombinant Bla2 tightly binds 1 equiv of Zn(II). Steady-state kinetic studies showed that mono-Zn(II) Bla2 (1Zn-Bla2) is active, while di-Zn(II) Bla2 (ZnZn-Bla2) was unstable. Catalytically, 1Zn-Bla2 behaves like the related enzymes CcrA and L1. In contrast, di-Co(II) Bla2 (CoCo-Bla2) is substantially more active than the mono-Co(II) analogue. Rapid kinetics and UV-vis, 1H NMR, EPR, and EXAFS spectroscopic studies show that Co(II) binding to Bla2 is distributed, while EXAFS shows that Zn(II) binding is sequential. To our knowledge, this is the first documented example of a Zn enzyme that binds Co(II) and Zn(II) via distinct mechanisms, underscoring the need to demonstrate transferability when extrapolating results on Co(II)-substituted proteins to the native Zn(II)-containing forms.

  7. Equilibrium, thermoanalytical and spectroscopic studies to characterize phytic acid complexes with Mn(II) and Co(II)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carli, Ligia de; Schnitzler, Egon; Rosso, Neiva Deliberali [Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa (UEPG), PR (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica], e-mail: ndrosso@uepg.br; Ionashiro, Massao [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Araraquara, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica; Szpoganicz, Bruno [Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianopolis, SC (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica

    2009-07-01

    Potentiometric studies were carried out to determine the binding degree of phytic acid with Co(II) and Mn(II) ions, in the absence of dioxygen. Equilibrium constants for all major complexes formed are reported, and the results are presented in the form of distribution diagrams showing the concentrations of individual complexes as a function of pH. The formation constants of the complexes show higher values for the species in which the ligand was more deprotonated. Potentiometric data indicates that the species [MH{sub 4}L]{sup 6-}, was totally formed at pH 7.0 and the complexes were synthesized from this data. A solid state complex of Mn(II) and Co(II) with phytic acid was synthesized. Thermogravimetry, differential scanning calorimetry, and infrared spectroscopy were used to investigate and characterize the thermal behavior of these compounds. The results led to information on the composition, dehydration, thermal stability and thermal decomposition of the isolated complexes. (author)

  8. Development of Wood Apple Shell (Feronia acidissima Powder Biosorbent and Its Application for the Removal of Cd(II from Aqueous Solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ch. Suresh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A biosorbent was prepared by using wood apple shell (WAS powder and studied its application for the removal of Cd(II from aqueous solution by a batch method. The biosorbent was characterized by infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and elemental analysis. WAS is principally made up of lignin and cellulose, containing functional groups such as alcoholic, ketonic, and carboxylic groups which can be involved in complexation reactions with Cd(II. The effect of experimental parameters like initial pH, contact time, metal ion concentration, and sorbent dose on adsorption was investigated. The optimum pH for biosorption of Cd(II onto WAS was found to be pH 5.0 and the quantitative removal of Cd(II ions was achieved in 30 min. The kinetic study showed that the biosorption process followed the pseudo-second-order rate. Experimental data were analyzed by Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm models. Desorption studies were carried out using HCl solution.

  9. On-line solid phase selective separation and preconcentration of Cd(II) by solid-phase extraction using carbon active modified with methyl thymol blue

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ensafi, Ali A. [College of Chemistry, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: Ensafi@cc.iut.ac.ir; Ghaderi, Ali R. [College of Chemistry, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2007-09-05

    An on-line flow system was used to develop a selective and efficient on-line sorbent extraction preconcentration system for cadmium. The method is based on adsorption of cadmium ions onto the activated carbon modified with methyl thymol blue. Then the adsorbed ions were washed using 0.5 M HNO{sub 3} and the eluent was used to determine the Cd(II) ions using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The results obtained show that the modified activated carbon has the greatest adsorption capacity of 80 {mu}g of Cd(II) per 1.0 g of the solid phase. The optimal pH value for the quantitative preconcentration was 9.0 and full desorption is achieved by using 0.5 M HNO{sub 3} solution. It is established that the solid phase can be used repeatedly without a considerable adsorption capacity loss. The detection limit was less than 1 ng mL{sup -1} Cd(II), with an enrichment factor of 1000. The calibration graph was linear in the range of 1-2000 ng mL{sup -1} Cd(II). The developed method has been applied to the determination of trace cadmium (II) in water samples and in the following reference materials: sewage sludge (CRM144R), and sea water (CASS.4) with satisfactory results. The accuracy was assessed through recovery experiments.

  10. Heavy metal / polyacid interaction : an electrochemical study of the binding of Cd(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) to polycarboxylic and humic acids

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cleven, R.F.M.J.

    1984-01-01

    Polyelectrolyte effects in the interaction of heavy metal ions with model polycarboxylic acids have been described, in order to establish the relevance of these effects in the interaction of heavy metal ions with naturally occurring humic and fulvic acids. The model systems consisted of Cd(II),

  11. Vídeo 9 de 11. Análisis Químico Cualitativo. Identificación de Cationes - Identificación del Catión Cd(II)

    OpenAIRE

    Palacios Santander, José María; Cubillana Aguilera, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Vídeo 9 de 11. Análisis Químico Cualitativo. Identificación de Cationes - Identificación del Catión Cd(II). En el presente vídeo se describe el proceso de identificación del catión Cd(II) con cianuro de potasio y sulfuro de sodio. Tras calentamiento al baño maría se pone de manifiesto la presencia de Cd(II) en la forma de un precipitado amarillo.

  12. Molecular and biochemical characterization of the Fe(III) chelate reductase gene family in Arabidopsis thaliana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Huilan; Li, Lihua; Du, Juan; Yuan, Youxi; Cheng, Xudong; Ling, Hong-Qing

    2005-09-01

    Iron chelate reductase is required for iron acquisition from soil and for metabolism in plants. In the genome of Arabidopsis thaliana there are eight genes classified into the iron chelate reductase gene family (AtFROs) based on sequence homology with AtFRO2 (a ferric chelate reductase in Arabidopsis). They are localized on chromosome 1 (three AtFROs) and chromosome 5 (five AtFROs) of Arabidopsis and show a high level of amino acid sequence similarity to each other. An assay for ferric chelate reductase activity revealed that AtFRO2, AtFRO3, AtFRO4, AtFRO5, AtFRO7 and AtFRO8 conferred significantly increased iron reduction activity compared with the control when expressed in yeast cells, indicating that the six AtFROs encode iron chelate reductases functioning in iron homeostasis in Arabidopsis. AtFRO2 displayed the highest iron reduction activity among the AtFROs investigated, further demonstrating that AtFRO2 is a major iron reductase gene in Arabidopsis. AtFRO2 and AtFRO3 were mainly expressed in roots of Arabidopsis, AtFRO5 and AtFRO6 in shoots and flowers, and AtFRO7 in cotyledons and trichomes, whereas the transcription of AtFRO8 was specific for leaf veins. Considering the tissue-specific expression profiles of AtFRO genes, we suggest that AtFRO2 and AtFRO3 are two Fe(III) chelate reductases mainly functioning in iron acquisition and metabolism in Arabidopsis roots, while AtFRO5, AtFRO6, AtFRO7 and AtFRO8 are required for iron homeostasis in different tissues of shoots.

  13. Mechanism of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions sorption from aqueous solutions by macroporous poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nastasović, Aleksandra B., E-mail: anastaso@chem.bg.ac.rs [University of Belgrade, Institute of Chemistry Technology and Metallurgy, Department of Chemistry, Department of Microelectronic Technologies, Njegoševa 12, Belgrade (Serbia); Ekmeščić, Bojana M. [University of Belgrade, Institute of Chemistry Technology and Metallurgy, Department of Chemistry, Department of Microelectronic Technologies, Njegoševa 12, Belgrade (Serbia); and others

    2016-11-01

    Highlights: • Macroporous PGME-deta sorption potential for Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) was studied. • Sorption kinetics obeyed pseudo-second order model. • Maximal Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) sorption capacities were 164, 152 and 120 mg g{sup −1}. • AFM indicates that metal sorption changes the size and morphology of PGME-deta. • XPS suggests complexation through the formation of Me−O and Me−N bonds in PGME-deta. - Abstract: The mechanism of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions sorption from aqueous solutions by macroporous poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) (PGME) functionalized by reaction of the pendant epoxy groups with diethylene triamine (PGME-deta) was studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) were used for the determination of surface morphology of the copolymer particles. The sorption behavior of heavy metals Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions sorption was investigated in batch static experiments under non-competitive conditions at room temperature (298 K). The obtained results were fitted to pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order and intraparticle diffusion kinetic model. The kinetics studies showed that Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) sorption obeys the pseudo-second-order model under all investigated operating conditions with evident influence of pore diffusion.

  14. Transport, fate, and stimulating impact of silver nanoparticles on the removal of Cd(II) by Phanerochaete chrysosporium in aqueous solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zuo, Yanan [College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082 (China); Chen, Guiqiu, E-mail: gqchen@hnu.edu.cn [College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082 (China); Zeng, Guangming, E-mail: zgming@hnu.edu.cn [College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082 (China); Li, Zhongwu; Yan, Ming [College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082 (China); Chen, Anwei [College of Resources and Environment, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128 (China); Guo, Zhi; Huang, Zhenzhen; Tan, Qiong [College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082 (China)

    2015-03-21

    Highlights: • Appropriate concentration of AgNPs can stimulate the biological removal of Cd(II). • Added AgNPs were oxidatively dissolved and transported to the surface of fungus. • AgNPs have undergone coarsening in the process of transport. • Amino, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and other reducing groups were involved in transportion. - Abstract: Despite the knowledge about increasing discharge of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) into wastewater and its potential toxicity to microorganisms, the interaction of AgNPs with heavy metals in the biological removal process remains poorly understood. This study focused on the effect of AgNPs (hydrodynamic diameter about 24.3 ± 0.37 nm) on the removal of cadmium (Cd(II)) by using a model white rot fungus species, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Results showed that the biological removal capacity of Cd(II) increased with the concentration of AgNPs increasing from 0.1 mg/L to 1 mg/L. The maximum removal capacity (4.67 mg/g) was located at 1 mg/L AgNPs, and then decreased with further increasing AgNPs concentration, suggesting that an appropriate concentration of AgNPs has a stimulating effect on the removal of Cd(II) by P. chrysosporium instead of an inhibitory effect. Results of Ag{sup +} and total Ag concentrations in the solutions together with those of SEM and XRD demonstrated that added AgNPs had undergone oxidative dissolution and transported from the solution to the surface of fungal mycelia (up to 94%). FTIR spectra confirmed that amino, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and other reducing functional groups were involved in Cd(II) removal, AgNPs transportation, and the reduction of Ag{sup +} to AgNPs.

  15. Transport, fate, and stimulating impact of silver nanoparticles on the removal of Cd(II) by Phanerochaete chrysosporium in aqueous solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zuo, Yanan; Chen, Guiqiu; Zeng, Guangming; Li, Zhongwu; Yan, Ming; Chen, Anwei; Guo, Zhi; Huang, Zhenzhen; Tan, Qiong

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • Appropriate concentration of AgNPs can stimulate the biological removal of Cd(II). • Added AgNPs were oxidatively dissolved and transported to the surface of fungus. • AgNPs have undergone coarsening in the process of transport. • Amino, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and other reducing groups were involved in transportion. - Abstract: Despite the knowledge about increasing discharge of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) into wastewater and its potential toxicity to microorganisms, the interaction of AgNPs with heavy metals in the biological removal process remains poorly understood. This study focused on the effect of AgNPs (hydrodynamic diameter about 24.3 ± 0.37 nm) on the removal of cadmium (Cd(II)) by using a model white rot fungus species, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Results showed that the biological removal capacity of Cd(II) increased with the concentration of AgNPs increasing from 0.1 mg/L to 1 mg/L. The maximum removal capacity (4.67 mg/g) was located at 1 mg/L AgNPs, and then decreased with further increasing AgNPs concentration, suggesting that an appropriate concentration of AgNPs has a stimulating effect on the removal of Cd(II) by P. chrysosporium instead of an inhibitory effect. Results of Ag + and total Ag concentrations in the solutions together with those of SEM and XRD demonstrated that added AgNPs had undergone oxidative dissolution and transported from the solution to the surface of fungal mycelia (up to 94%). FTIR spectra confirmed that amino, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and other reducing functional groups were involved in Cd(II) removal, AgNPs transportation, and the reduction of Ag + to AgNPs

  16. Optimization of Stripping Voltammetric Sensor by a Back Propagation Artificial Neural Network for the Accurate Determination of Pb(II in the Presence of Cd(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo Zhao

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available An easy, but effective, method has been proposed to detect and quantify the Pb(II in the presence of Cd(II based on a Bi/glassy carbon electrode (Bi/GCE with the combination of a back propagation artificial neural network (BP-ANN and square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV without further electrode modification. The effects of Cd(II in different concentrations on stripping responses of Pb(II was studied. The results indicate that the presence of Cd(II will reduce the prediction precision of a direct calibration model. Therefore, a two-input and one-output BP-ANN was built for the optimization of a stripping voltammetric sensor, which considering the combined effects of Cd(II and Pb(II on the SWASV detection of Pb(II and establishing the nonlinear relationship between the stripping peak currents of Pb(II and Cd(II and the concentration of Pb(II. The key parameters of the BP-ANN and the factors affecting the SWASV detection of Pb(II were optimized. The prediction performance of direct calibration model and BP-ANN model were tested with regard to the mean absolute error (MAE, root mean square error (RMSE, average relative error (ARE, and correlation coefficient. The results proved that the BP-ANN model exhibited higher prediction accuracy than the direct calibration model. Finally, a real samples analysis was performed to determine trace Pb(II in some soil specimens with satisfactory results.

  17. Hydrothermal self-assembly and supercapacitive behaviors of Co(II) ion-modified graphene aerogels in H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} electrolyte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bao, Qi [Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China); Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Corrosion and Bio-fouling, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071 (China); Hui, K.N., E-mail: bizhui@pusan.ac.kr [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Pusan National University, San 30 Jangjeon-dong, Geumjeong-gu, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); Hui, K.S., E-mail: kshui@hanyang.ac.kr [Department of Mechanical Convergence Engineering, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Wang, Yi [Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Corrosion and Bio-fouling, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071 (China); Hong, Xiaoting [Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)

    2014-08-15

    Highlights: • 3D Co(II) ions modified graphene aerogels were prepared by one-step hydrothermal process. • The aerogel electrodes showed hybrid supercapacitor behaviors. • The aerogel electrodes exhibited high rate capability and long-term cycling stability. - Abstract: Reduced graphene oxide (r-GO) aerogels decorated with divalent cobalt ions were synthesized via a one-pot hydrothermal self-assembly route. The interaction of Co(II) ions with 3D r-GO aerogels was investigated by spectroscopic techniques, including Raman, attenuated total reflectance infrared, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies. The excellent electrochemical properties of the aerogels were confirmed by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge/discharge tests, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in an acid electrolyte (1 M H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}). The Co(II) ion-modified r-GO aerogels can be used as high-performance hybrid supercapacitor materials with a specific capacitance of 387.2 F g{sup –1} at 1 A g{sup –1} current density and a good cycling stability without capacity decay over 1000 cycles. The mechanical integrity enhancement of the hybrid r-GO aerogel framework and the improvement in its unique capacitive performance are attributed to the efficient interconnection produced by electro-active Co(II) ions.

  18. Solid phase extraction-inductively coupled plasma spectrometry for adsorption of Co(II) and Ni(II) from radioactive wastewaters by natural and modified zeolites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Akbar Malekpour; Mohammad Edrisi; Shamsollah Shirzadi; Saeed Hajialigol

    2011-01-01

    Natural and modified clinoptilolite as low-cost adsorbents have been used for adsorption of Co(II) and Ni(II) from nuclear wastewaters both in batch and continuous experiments. Zeolite X was also synthesized and its ability towards the selected cations was examined. Kinetic and thermodynamic behaviors for the process were investigated and adsorption equilibrium was interpreted in term of Langmuir and Freundlich equations. The effect of various parameters including the initial concentration, temperature, ionic strength and pH of solution were examined to achieve the optimized conditions. The clinoptilolite was shown good sorption potential for Co(II) and Ni(II) ions at pH values 4-6. Based on desorption studies, nearly 74 and 85% of adsorbed Co(II) and Ni(II) were removed from clinoptilolite by HCl. The Na + and NH 4 + forms of clinoptilolite were the best modified forms for the removal of investigated cations. It is concluded that the selectivity of clinoptilolite is higher for Co(II) than Ni(II). The synthesized zeolite showed more ability to remove cobalt and nickel ions from aqueous solution than the natural clinoptilolite. The microwave irradiation was found to be more rapid and effective for ion exchange compared to conventional ion exchange process. (author)

  19. The impact of functionalized CNT in the network of sodium alginate-based nanocomposite beads on the removal of Co(II) ions from aqueous solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karkeh-abadi, Fatemeh [Department of Chemistry, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Saber-Samandari, Samaneh, E-mail: samaneh.saber@gmail.com [Department of Chemistry, Eastern Mediterranean University, Gazimagusa, TRNC via Mersin 10 (Turkey); Saber-Samandari, Saeed, E-mail: saeedss@aut.ac.ir [New Technologies Research Center, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2016-07-15

    Highlights: • The sodium alginate-hydroxyapatite-CNT nanocomposite beads were prepared. • Amide functionalized CNT imprinted in the network of sodium alginate containing HAp. • The prepared beads were used as adsorbents of cobalt ions from an aqueous solution. • The adsorption was fit with the Freundlich isotherm and second-order kinetic models. • The endothermic adsorption process is spontaneous and thermodynamically favorable. - Abstract: Significant efforts have been made to develop highly efficient adsorbents to remove radioactive Co(II) ion pollutants from medical and industrial wastewaters. In this study, amide group functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotube (CNT-CONH{sub 2}) imprinted in the network of sodium alginate containing hydroxyapatite, and new nanocomposite beads were synthesized. Then, they were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The prepared nanocomposite beads were used as an adsorbent of Co(II) ions from an aqueous solution. The presence and distribution of Co(II) ions in the surface of the nanocomposite beads was confirmed using FESEM, EDS and metal mapping analysis. The effect of various experimental conditions such as time, pH, and initial concentration of the adsorbate solution and temperature on the adsorption capacity of the nanocomposite beads were explored. The maximum Co(II) ions adsorption capacity of the prepared nanocomposite beads with the largest surface area of 163.4 m{sup 2} g{sup −1} was 347.8 mg g{sup −1} in the optimized condition. The adsorption mechanism followed a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Furthermore, the Freundlich appears to produce better fit than the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Finally, thermodynamic studies suggest that endothermic adsorption process of Co(II) ions is spontaneous and

  20. Reduction of Fe(III), Cr(VI), U(VI), and Tc(VII) by Deinococcus radiodurans R1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fredrickson, J.K.; Kostandarithes, H.M.; Li, S.W.; Plymake, A.E.; Daly, M.J.

    2000-01-01

    Deinococcus radiodurans is an exceptionally radiation-resistant microorganism capable of surviving acute exposures to ionizing radiation doses of 15,000 Gy and previously described as having a strictly aerobic respiratory metabolism. Under strict anaerobic conditions, D. radiodurans R1 reduced Fe(III)-nitrilotriacetic acid coupled to the oxidation of lactate to CO 2 and acetate but was unable to link this process to growth. D. radiodurans reduced the humic acid analog anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS) to its dihydroquinone form, AH 2 DS, which subsequently transferred electrons to the Fe(III) oxides hydrous ferric oxide and goethite via a previously described electron shuttle mechanism. D. radiodurans reduced the solid-phase Fe(III) oxides in the presence of either 0.1 mM AQDS or leonardite humic acids (2 mg ml -1 ) but not in their absence. D. radiodurans also reduced U(VI) and Tc(VII) in the presence of AQDS. In contrast, Cr(VI) was directly reduced in anaerobic cultures with lactate although the rate of reduction was higher in the presence of AQDS. The results are the first evidence that D. radiodurans can reduce Fe(III) coupled to the oxidation of lactate or other organic compounds. Also, D. radiodurans, in combination with humic acids or synthetic electron shuttle agents, can reduce U and Tc and thus has potential applications for remediation of metal- and radionuclide-contaminated sites where ionizing radiation or other DNA-damaging agents may restrict the activity of more sensitive organisms

  1. Use of Fe(III) oxalate for oxidativewastewater treatment; Einsatz von Fe(III)-Oxalat zur chemisch-oxidativen Abwasserbehandlung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, S.M.; Vogelpohl, A. [Clausthal Univ., Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany). Inst. fuer Thermische Verfahrenstechnik

    1998-08-01

    Iron(III)-oxalate was used as an iron catalyst for the Photo Fenton reaction. Iron(III) oxalations ([Fe(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 3}]{sup 3-}) are reduced to Fe(II) by irradiation using near UV-light ({lambda} = 300 - 400 nm) or visible light ({lambda} > 400 nm). At the same time, CO{sub 2}{sup -} or C{sub 2}O{sub 4}{sup -}-radicals originate, which cause the secondary reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II). By means of the photolytically regenerated Fe(II) ions, hydroxyl radicals are increasingly formed, so that the degradation of organic substances is accelerated. The work aimed to assess the catalytic effect of Fe(III) oxalate for photochemical oxidation processes and to establish the parameters influencing further treatment of leachate from a municipal waste sanitary landfill by means of technical-scale experiments. (orig.) [Deutsch] In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde Eisen(III)-Oxalat als Eisenkatalysator fuer die Photo-Fenton-Reaktion eingesetzt. Eisen(III)-Oxalationen ([Fe(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 3}]{sup 3-}) werden durch Strahlung mit nahem UV-Licht ({lambda}=300 bis 400 nm) oder mit sichtbarem Licht ({lambda}>400 nm) zu Fe(II) reduziert. Gleichzeitig entstehen CO{sub 2}{sup .-} oder C{sub 2}O{sub 4}{sup .-}-Radikale, die eine sekundaere Reduktion von Fe(III) zu Fe(II) bewirken. Mit Hilfe der photolytiisch regenerierten Fe(II)-Ionen werden vermehrt Hydroxylradikale gebildet und damit die Abbaugeschwindigkeit der organischen Substanzen beschleunigt. Ziel der hier vorgestellten Arbeit war es, die katalytische Wirkung von Fe(III)-Oxalat fuer photochemische Oxidationsverfahren abzuschaetzen und die Einflussparameter zur weitergehenden Behandlung eines Deponiesickerwassers aus Hausmuelldeponie anhand von Technikumsversuchen zu ermitteln. (orig.)

  2. Thermoanalytical studies of cimetidine and complexes with Mn(II Co(II and Ni(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Mendes Hacke

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Cimetidine is an important hydrogen histamine receptor and can coordinate metal ions in blood plasma. The stability of cimetidine and its complexes with Mn(II, Co(II and Ni(II was evaluated by studies of thermogravimetry (TG and differential thermal analysis (DTA. Cimetidine was thermally stable up to near 190 °C and above this temperature the thermal decomposition occurred in two stages. Complexes of [Mn(HCm2]Cl2, [Co(Cm2]Cl2 and [Ni(Cm2]Cl2 showed a similar behavior. The pyrolytic decomposition occurred in two stages at temperatures above 250 oC. A residue for each complex was detected at the end of the decomposition process. This probably corresponds to the respective metal oxide.

  3. Mechanistic Investigations of C-H Activations on Silica-Supported Co(ii) Sites in Catalytic Propane Dehydrogenation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estes, Deven P

    2017-04-26

    Catalytic reactions involving C-H bond activations are central to the chemical industry. One such example, alkane dehydrogenation, has recently become very important due to shortfalls in propene production and a large supply of cheap propane. However, current technologies are inefficient and have only moderate selectivity. In order to understand how to improve currently used catalysts, we must know more about the mechanism by which propane is dehydrogenated. We show here that Co(ii) sites on silica are good catalysts for the dehydrogenation of propane, having high activity and selectivity that is reasonably stable over the course of 10 h. Mechanistic investigations of this catalyst show that the main activation mechanism is most likely C-H activation by 1,2 addition.

  4. Synthesis, characterization and cytotoxicity of mixed ligand Mn(II, Co(II and Ni(II complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Souad A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Complexes of the type [ML'L(OH(H2O] {where M= Ni(II, Co(II or Mn(II, L'= isatin and HL= 3-(2-phenylhydrazonoacetylacetone, 3-(2-(4-chlorophenylhydrazonoacetylacetone or 3-(2-(4-bromophenylhydrazono-acetylacetone} have been synthesized by equimolar reaction of a metal(II chloride with isatin and 3-(2-(arylhydrazonoacetylacetone. The resulting complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductivity, spectral data (IR, 1H NMR, mass and magnetic moments. Furthermore, the ligands and their metal complexes have been screened for their cytotoxicity against different human cancer cell lines by using SRB assay. The results showed that most of the mixed ligand metal complexes have high cytotoxicity in comparison with the reference drugs used.

  5. Photocatalytic reduction of nitrogen to ammonia with coprecipitated Fe(III) and Ti(IV) hydrous oxides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tennakone, K.; Fernando, C.A.N.; Damayanthi, M.W.P.; Silva, L.H.K.; Wijeratne, W.; Wickramanayake, S.; Punchihewa, S.; Illeperuma, O.A.

    1988-01-01

    An aqueous suspension of coprecipitated hydrous oxides of Fe(III) and Ti(IV) is found to photocatalyse reduction of molecular nitrogen to ammonia with visible light. The activity of the complex catalyst is higher than that of pure hydrous ferric oxide which also catalyses the above reaction. It is suggested that hydrous TiO/sub 2/ acts as the hole transfer agent so that water oxidation takes place at the TiO/sub 2/ sites and nitrogen reduction at ferric oxide sites.

  6. Fe(III) fertilization mitigating net global warming potential and greenhouse gas intensity in paddy rice-wheat rotation systems in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Shuwei; Zhang, Ling; Liu, Qiaohui; Zou, Jianwen

    2012-05-01

    A complete accounting of net greenhouse gas balance (NGHGB) and greenhouse gas intensity (GHGI) affected by Fe(III) fertilizer application was examined in typical annual paddy rice-winter wheat rotation cropping systems in southeast China. Annual fluxes of soil carbon dioxide (CO(2)), methane (CH(4)) and nitrous oxide (N(2)O) were measured using static chamber method, and the net ecosystem exchange of CO(2) (NEE) was determined by the difference between soil CO(2) emissions (R(H)) and net primary production (NPP). Fe(III) fertilizer application significantly decreased R(H) without adverse effects on NPP of rice and winter wheat. Fe(III) fertilizer application decreased seasonal CH(4) by 27-44%, but increased annual N(2)O by 65-100%. Overall, Fe(III) fertilizer application decreased the annual NGHGB and GHGI by 35-47% and 30-36%, respectively. High grain yield and low greenhouse gas intensity can be reconciled by Fe(III) fertilizer applied at the local recommendation rate in rice-based cropping systems. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Integrated ion imprinted polymers-paper composites for selective and sensitive detection of Cd(II) ions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, Kai [State Key Laboratory of Environment Health - Incubation, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health Wuhan, Ministry of Environmental Protection, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, #13 Hangkong Road, Hubei, 430030, Wuhan (China); Chen, Ying [Hubei Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No. 6 ZhuoDao Quan North Road, 430079, Wuhan (China); Zhou, Feng [State Key Laboratory of Environment Health - Incubation, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health Wuhan, Ministry of Environmental Protection, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, #13 Hangkong Road, Hubei, 430030, Wuhan (China); Zhao, Xiaoya [Hubei Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau of PRC, No.588 Qingtaidadao Road, Hubei, 430022, Wuhan (China); Liu, Jiafa [Hubei Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No. 6 ZhuoDao Quan North Road, 430079, Wuhan (China); Mei, Surong; Zhou, Yikai [State Key Laboratory of Environment Health - Incubation, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health Wuhan, Ministry of Environmental Protection, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, #13 Hangkong Road, Hubei, 430030, Wuhan (China); Jing, Tao, E-mail: jingtao@hust.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Environment Health - Incubation, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health Wuhan, Ministry of Environmental Protection, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, #13 Hangkong Road, Hubei, 430030, Wuhan (China)

    2017-07-05

    Highlights: • IIPs are first grafted on the low-cost A4 print paper to develop an integrated paper-based device. • As an imprinted composite, the adsorption capacity is 155.2 mg g{sup –1} and the imprinted factor is more than 3.0. • As an analytical method, the limit of detection is 0.4 ng mL{sup –1}. • Based on the water quality standards, it could be used to determine Cd(II) ions in drinking water. - Abstract: Paper-based sensor is a new alternative technology to develop a portable, low-cost, and rapid analysis system in environmental chemistry. In this study, ion imprinted polymers (IIPs) using cadmium ions as the template were directly grafted on the surface of low-cost print paper based on the reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. It can be applied as a recognition element to selectively capture the target ions in the complex samples. The maximum adsorption capacity of IIPs composites was 155.2 mg g{sup –1} and the imprinted factor was more than 3.0. Then, IIPs-paper platform could be also applied as a detection element for highly selective and sensitive detection of Cd(II) ions without complex sample pretreatment and expensive instrument, due to the selective recognition, formation of dithizone-cadmium complexes and light transmission ability. Under the optimized condition, the linear range was changed from 1 to 100 ng mL{sup –1} and the limit of detection was 0.4 ng mL{sup –1}. The results were in good agreement with the classic ICP-MS method. Furthermore, the proposed method can also be developed for detection of other heavy metals by designing of new IIPs.

  8. Equilibrium and kinetic studies of Pb(II, Cd(II and Zn(II sorption by Lagenaria vulgaris shell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitić-Stojanović Dragana-Linda

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The sorption of lead, cadmium and zinc ions from aqueous solution by Lagenaria vulgaris shell biosorbent (LVB in batch system was investigated. The effect of relevant parameters such as contact time, biosorbent dosage and initial metal ions concentration was evaluated. The Pb(II, Cd(II and Zn(II sorption equilibrium (when 98% of initial metal ions were sorbed was attained within 15, 20 and 25 min, respectively. The pseudo first, pseudo-second order, Chrastil’s and intra-particle diffusion models were used to describe the kinetic data. The experimental data fitted the pseudo-second order kinetic model and intra-particle diffusion model. Removal efficiency of lead(II, cadmium(II and zinc(II ions rapidly increased with increasing biosorbent dose from 0.5 to 8.0 g dm-3. Optimal biosorbent dose was set to 4.0 g dm-3. An increase in the initial metal concentration increases the sorption capacity. The sorption data of investigated metal ions are fitted to Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm models. Langmuir model best fitted the equilibrium data (r2 > 0.99. Maximal sorption capacities of LVB for Pb(II, Cd(II and Zn(II at 25.0±0.5°C were 0.130, 0.103 and 0.098 mM g-1, respectively. The desorption experiments showed that the LVB could be reused for six cycles with a minimum loss of the initial sorption capacity.

  9. Detection of mitochondrial COII DNA sequences in ant guts as a method for assessing termite predation by ants.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom M Fayle

    Full Text Available Termites and ants contribute more to animal biomass in tropical rain forests than any other single group and perform vital ecosystem functions. Although ants prey on termites, at the community level the linkage between these groups is poorly understood. Thus, assessing the distribution and specificity of ant termitophagy is of considerable interest. We describe an approach for quantifying ant-termite food webs by sequencing termite DNA (cytochrome c oxidase subunit II, COII from ant guts and apply this to a soil-dwelling ant community from tropical rain forest in Gabon. We extracted DNA from 215 ants from 15 species. Of these, 17.2 % of individuals had termite DNA in their guts, with BLAST analysis confirming the identity of 34.1 % of these termites to family level or better. Although ant species varied in detection of termite DNA, ranging from 63 % (5/7; Camponotus sp. 1 to 0 % (0/7; Ponera sp. 1, there was no evidence (with small sample sizes for heterogeneity in termite consumption across ant taxa, and no evidence for species-specific ant-termite predation. In all three ant species with identifiable termite DNA in multiple individuals, multiple termite species were represented. Furthermore, the two termite species that were detected on multiple occasions in ant guts were in both cases found in multiple ant species, suggesting that ant-termite food webs are not strongly compartmentalised. However, two ant species were found to consume only Anoplotermes-group termites, indicating possible predatory specialisation at a higher taxonomic level. Using a laboratory feeding test, we were able to detect termite COII sequences in ant guts up to 2 h after feeding, indicating that our method only detects recent feeding events. Our data provide tentative support for the hypothesis that unspecialised termite predation by ants is widespread and highlight the use of molecular approaches for future studies of ant-termite food webs.

  10. Detection of mitochondrial COII DNA sequences in ant guts as a method for assessing termite predation by ants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fayle, Tom M; Scholtz, Olivia; Dumbrell, Alex J; Russell, Stephen; Segar, Simon T; Eggleton, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Termites and ants contribute more to animal biomass in tropical rain forests than any other single group and perform vital ecosystem functions. Although ants prey on termites, at the community level the linkage between these groups is poorly understood. Thus, assessing the distribution and specificity of ant termitophagy is of considerable interest. We describe an approach for quantifying ant-termite food webs by sequencing termite DNA (cytochrome c oxidase subunit II, COII) from ant guts and apply this to a soil-dwelling ant community from tropical rain forest in Gabon. We extracted DNA from 215 ants from 15 species. Of these, 17.2 % of individuals had termite DNA in their guts, with BLAST analysis confirming the identity of 34.1 % of these termites to family level or better. Although ant species varied in detection of termite DNA, ranging from 63 % (5/7; Camponotus sp. 1) to 0 % (0/7; Ponera sp. 1), there was no evidence (with small sample sizes) for heterogeneity in termite consumption across ant taxa, and no evidence for species-specific ant-termite predation. In all three ant species with identifiable termite DNA in multiple individuals, multiple termite species were represented. Furthermore, the two termite species that were detected on multiple occasions in ant guts were in both cases found in multiple ant species, suggesting that ant-termite food webs are not strongly compartmentalised. However, two ant species were found to consume only Anoplotermes-group termites, indicating possible predatory specialisation at a higher taxonomic level. Using a laboratory feeding test, we were able to detect termite COII sequences in ant guts up to 2 h after feeding, indicating that our method only detects recent feeding events. Our data provide tentative support for the hypothesis that unspecialised termite predation by ants is widespread and highlight the use of molecular approaches for future studies of ant-termite food webs.

  11. A Sensor for the Determination of Lindane Using PANI/Zn, Fe(III Oxides and Nylon 6,6/MWCNT/Zn, Fe(III Oxides Nanofibers Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omolola E. Fayemi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A simple reproducible and environmentally friendly PANI/Zn, Fe(III and Nylon 6,6/MWCNT/Zn, Fe(III oxides nanofibers modified glassy carbon electrode was prepared and used for the electrochemical reduction of lindane. The modified electrodes offer a high sensing current for lindane. The modified electrodes were highly stable with respect to time, so that the single electrode can be used for the multiple analysis of the lindane sample. Cyclic voltammetry and square wave voltammetry were used as the sensing techniques. The dynamic range for the lindane determination was between 9.9 × 10−12 mol/L and 5 × 10−6 mol/L with detection limits of 51 and 32 nM for Nylon 6,6/MWCNT/ZnO and Nylon 6,6/MWCNT/Fe3O4 sensors, respectively. The LoD value reveals that the best electrode is Nylon 6,6/MWCNT/Fe3O4. The analytical utility of the proposed method was checked with drinking water samples.

  12. Impact of Fe(III) as an effective electron-shuttle mediator for enhanced Cr(VI) reduction in microbial fuel cells: Reduction of diffusional resistances and cathode overpotentials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Qiang [Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Ministry of Education (MOE), School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Huang, Liping, E-mail: lipinghuang@dlut.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Ministry of Education (MOE), School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Pan, Yuzhen [College of Chemistry, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Quan, Xie [Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Ministry of Education (MOE), School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Li Puma, Gianluca, E-mail: g.lipuma@lboro.ac.uk [Environmental Nanocatalysis & Photoreaction Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU (United Kingdom)

    2017-01-05

    Highlights: • Fe(III) shuttles electrons for enhanced reduction of Cr(VI) in MFCs. • The coulombic efficiency increases by 1.6 fold in the presence of Fe(III). • The reduction of Cr(VI) occurs via an indirect Fe(III) mediation mechanism. • Fe(III) decreases the diffusional resistances and the cathode overpotentials. - Abstract: The role of Fe(III) was investigated as an electron-shuttle mediator to enhance the reduction rate of the toxic heavy metal hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) in wastewaters, using microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The direct reduction of chromate (CrO{sub 4}{sup −}) and dichromate (Cr{sub 2}O{sub 7}{sup 2−}) anions in MFCs was hampered by the electrical repulsion between the negatively charged cathode and Cr(VI) functional groups. In contrast, in the presence of Fe(III), the conversion of Cr(VI) and the cathodic coulombic efficiency in the MFCs were 65.6% and 81.7%, respectively, 1.6 times and 1.4 folds as those recorded in the absence of Fe(III). Multiple analytical approaches, including linear sweep voltammetry, Tafel plot, cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and kinetic calculations demonstrated that the complete reduction of Cr(VI) occurred through an indirect mechanism mediated by Fe(III). The direct reduction of Cr(VI) with cathode electrons in the presence of Fe(III) was insignificant. Fe(III) played a critical role in decreasing both the diffusional resistance of Cr(VI) species and the overpotential for Cr(VI) reduction. This study demonstrated that the reduction of Cr(VI) in MFCs was effective in the presence of Fe(III), providing an alternative and environmentally benign approach for efficient remediation of Cr(VI) contaminated sites with simultaneous production of renewable energy.

  13. Humic substance-mediated Fe(III) reduction by a fermenting Bacillus strain from the alkaline gut of a humus-feeding scarab beetle larva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobbie, Sven N; Li, Xiangzhen; Basen, Mirko; Stingl, Ulrich; Brune, Andreas

    2012-06-01

    Humus-feeding macroinvertebrates play an important role in the transformation of soil organic matter. Their diet contains significant amounts of redox-active components such as iron minerals and humic substances. In soil-feeding termites, acid-soluble Fe(III) and humic acids are almost completely reduced during gut passage. Here, we show that the reduction of Fe(III) and humic acids takes place also in the alkaline guts of scarab beetle larvae. Sterilized gut homogenates of Pachnoda ephippiata no longer converted Fe(III) to Fe(II), indicating an essential role of the gut microbiota in the process. From Fe(III)-reducing enrichment cultures inoculated with highly diluted gut homogenates, we isolated several facultatively anaerobic, alkali-tolerant bacteria that were closely related to metal-reducing isolates in the Bacillus thioparans group. Strain PeC11 showed a remarkable capacity for dissimilatory Fe(III) reduction, both at pH 7 and 10. Rates were strongly stimulated by the addition of the redox mediator 2,6-antraquinone disulfonate and by redox-active components in the fulvic-acid fraction of humus. Although the contribution of strain PeC11 to intestinal Fe(III) reduction in P. ephippiata remains to be further elucidated, our results corroborate the hypothesis that the lack of oxygen and the solubilization of humic substances in the extremely alkaline guts of humivorous soil fauna provide favorable conditions for the efficient reduction of Fe(III) and humic substances by a primarily fermentative microbiota. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  14. Characterization and Properties of Activated Carbon Prepared from Tamarind Seeds by KOH Activation for Fe(III) Adsorption from Aqueous Solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mopoung, Sumrit; Moonsri, Phansiri; Palas, Wanwimon; Khumpai, Sataporn

    2015-01-01

    This research studies the characterization of activated carbon from tamarind seed with KOH activation. The effects of 0.5 : 1-1.5 : 1 KOH : tamarind seed charcoal ratios and 500-700°C activation temperatures were studied. FTIR, SEM-EDS, XRD, and BET were used to characterize tamarind seed and the activated carbon prepared from them. Proximate analysis, percent yield, iodine number, methylene blue number, and preliminary test of Fe(III) adsorption were also studied. Fe(III) adsorption was carried out by 30 mL column with 5-20 ppm Fe(III) initial concentrations. The percent yield of activated carbon prepared from tamarind seed with KOH activation decreased with increasing activation temperature and impregnation ratios, which were in the range from 54.09 to 82.03 wt%. The surface functional groups of activated carbon are O-H, C=O, C-O, -CO3, C-H, and Si-H. The XRD result showed high crystallinity coming from a potassium compound in the activated carbon. The main elements found in the activated carbon by EDS are C, O, Si, and K. The results of iodine and methylene blue adsorption indicate that the pore size of the activated carbon is mostly in the range of mesopore and macropore. The average BET pore size and BET surface area of activated carbon are 67.9764 Å and 2.7167 m(2)/g, respectively. Finally, the tamarind seed based activated carbon produced with 500°C activation temperature and 1.0 : 1 KOH : tamarind seed charcoal ratio was used for Fe(III) adsorption test. It was shown that Fe(III) was adsorbed in alkaline conditions and adsorption increased with increasing Fe(III) initial concentration from 5 to 20 ppm with capacity adsorption of 0.0069-0.019 mg/g.

  15. Synthetic, potentiometric and spectroscopic studies of chelation between Fe(III) and 2,5-DHBA supports salicylate-mode of siderophore binding interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porwal, Suheel K; Furia, Emilia; Harris, Michael E; Viswanathan, Rajesh; Devireddy, L

    2015-04-01

    Catecholate type enterobactin, a prototype siderophore, comprises 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,3-DHBA) cyclically linked to serine in E. coli. The existence of iron-chelating ligands in humans is a recent discovery, however, the basic chemical interactions between 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid and Fe(III) ion remain poorly understood. Achieving an accurate description of the fundamental Fe(III) binding properties of 2,5-DHBA is essential for understanding its role in iron transport mechanisms. Here, we show that 2,5-DHBA binds iron in a salicylate mode via a two-step kinetic mechanism by UV spectroscopy. Complexation between Fe(III) salt and 2,5-DHBA initially occurs at 1:1 ratio (of ligand to metal) and binding resulting in higher-order complexes continues at higher concentrations. Through potentiometric measurements we quantify the distribution of Fe(III)-2,5-DHBA complexes with 1:1, 1:2 and 1:3 stoichiometry. The formation of 1:3 complexes is further supported through high-resolution mass spectrometry. Further, using kinetic and equilibrium UV spectroscopy, we report Fe(III)-2,5-DHBA complex formation at a pH range of 2.5-9.0 at 298.15K in water. Maximum complexation occurred at a pH range of 4.5-6.5 consistent with deprotonation of the carboxylic acid proton. Equilibrium measurements and stopped-flow kinetics show that complexation rate constants were independent of concentrations of 2,5-DHBA. Together the data supports a model in which the rate-determining step involves rearrangement of ligands on an initial complex formed by reversible binding between the carboxylate group of 2,5-DHBA and Fe(III). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Separation/preconcentration of trace Pb(II and Cd(II with 2-mercaptobenzothiazole impregnated Amberlite XAD-1180 resin and their determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şerife Tokalıoğlu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A new chelating resin, 2-mercaptobenzothiazole loaded Amberlite XAD-1180 was prepared and used for separation and preconcentration of Cd(II and Pb(II ions prior to their determinations by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The optimum pH for simultaneous retention of the elements and the best elution means for their simultaneous elution were 9.5 and 2 mol L−1 HNO3, respectively. The detection limits for Cd(II and Pb(II were 0.35 and 5.0 μg L−1, respectively. The accuracy of the method was confırmed both by analyzing the certified reference material (RM 8704 Buffalo river sediment and performing recovery studies.

  17. Ultrasonically assisted solvothermal synthesis of novel Ni/Al layered double hydroxide for capturing of Cd(II) from contaminated water

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmanian, Omid; Maleki, Mohammad Hassan; Dinari, Mohammad

    2017-11-01

    A novel adsorbent of nickel aluminum layered double hydroxide (Ni/Al-LDH) was prepared through the precipitation of metal nitrates by ultrasonically assisted solvothermal method. The surface morphology, chemical structure and thermal properties of this compound were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) techniques. The XRD, TEM and FE-SEM results established that the synthesized LDH have a well-ordered layer structure with good crystalline nature. Then it was applied to remove excessive Cd(II) ions from water and the effects of contact time, pH and adsorbent dose were examined at initial Cd(II) concentration of 10 mg/L. Results show that the time required to reach equilibrium was fast (40 min) and working pH solution was neutral (pH 7). Langmuir and Freundlich model of adsorption isotherms were explored; the results show that the Freundlich model was better fitted than that Langmuir model. This results predicting a multilayer adsorption of Cd(II) on LDH. The equilibrium kinetic adsorption data were fixed to the pseudo-second order kinetic equation.

  18. Multilayer adsorption of Cu(II) and Cd(II) over Brazilian Orchid Tree (Pata-de-vaca) and its adsorptive properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgetto, Alexandre de O.; da Silva, Adrielli C. P.; Wondracek, Marcos H. P.; Silva, Rafael I. V.; Velini, Edivaldo D.; Saeki, Margarida J.; Pedrosa, Valber A.; Castro, Gustavo R.

    2015-08-01

    Through very simple and inexpensive processes, pata-de-vaca leaves were turned into a powder and applied as an adsorbent for the uptake of Cu(II) and Cd(II) from water. The material was characterized through SEM, EDX, FTIR and surface area measurement. The material had its point of zero charge determined (5.24), and its adsorption capacity was evaluated as a function of time, pH and metal concentration. The material presented fast adsorption kinetics, reaching adsorption equilibrium in less than 5 min and it had a good correlation with the pseudo-second order kinetic model. Optimum pH for the adsorption of Cu(II) and Cd(II) were found to be in the range from 4 to 5, approximately. In the experiment as a function of the analyte concentration, analogously to gas adsorption, the material presented a type II isotherm, indicating the formation of multilayers for both species. Such behavior was explained with basis in the alternation between cations and anions over the material's surface, and the maximum adsorption capacity, considering the formation of the multilayers were found to be 0.238 mmol L-1 for Cu(II) and 0.113 mmol L-1 for Cd(II).

  19. Mechanism of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions sorption from aqueous solutions by macroporous poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nastasović, Aleksandra B.; Ekmeščić, Bojana M.; Sandić, Zvjezdana P.; Ranđelović, Danijela V.; Mozetič, Miran; Vesel, Alenka; Onjia, Antonije E.

    2016-11-01

    The mechanism of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions sorption from aqueous solutions by macroporous poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) (PGME) functionalized by reaction of the pendant epoxy groups with diethylene triamine (PGME-deta) was studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) were used for the determination of surface morphology of the copolymer particles. The sorption behavior of heavy metals Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions sorption was investigated in batch static experiments under non-competitive conditions at room temperature (298 K). The obtained results were fitted to pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order and intraparticle diffusion kinetic model. The kinetics studies showed that Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) sorption obeys the pseudo-second-order model under all investigated operating conditions with evident influence of pore diffusion.

  20. Synthesis, spectroscopic, fluorescence properties and biological evaluation of novel Pd(II) and Cd(II) complexes of NOON tetradentate Schiff bases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Omyma A M

    2014-01-01

    The solid complexes of Pd(II) and Cd(II) with N,N/bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L(1)), and N,N/bis(salicylaldehyde)4,5-dichloro-1,2-phenylenediamine (H2L(2)) have been synthesized and characterized by several techniques using elemental analysis (CHN), FT-IR, (1)H NMR, UV-Vis spectra and thermal analysis. Elemental analysis data proved 1:1 stoichiometry for the reported complexes while spectroscopic data indicated square planar and octahedral geometries for Pd(II) and Cd(II) complexes, respectively. The prepared ligands, Pd(II) and Cd(II) complexes exhibited intraligand (π-π(∗)) fluorescence and can potentially serve as photoactive materials. Thermal behavior of the complexes was studied and kinetic parameters were determined by Coats-Redfern method. Both the ligands and their complexes have been screened for antimicrobial activities. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Preparation of cross-linked magnetic chitosan-phenylthiourea resin for adsorption of Hg(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions from aqueous solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monier, M; Abdel-Latif, D A

    2012-03-30

    In this study, cross-linked magnetic chitosan-phenylthiourea (CSTU) resin were prepared and characterized by means of FTIR, (1)H NMR, SEM high-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), magnetic properties and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The prepared resin were used to investigate the adsorption properties of Hg(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) metal ions in an aqueous solution. The extent of adsorption was investigated as a function of pH and the metal ion removal reached maximum at pH 5.0. Also, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of the adsorption process were estimated. These data indicated that the adsorption process is exothermic and followed the pseudo-second-order kinetics. Equilibrium studies showed that the data of Hg(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) adsorption followed the Langmuir model. The maximum adsorption capacities for Hg(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) were estimated to be 135 ± 3, 120 ± 1 and 52 ± 1 mg/g, which demonstrated the high adsorption efficiency of CSTU toward the studied metal ions. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Synthesis, characterization, DFT and biological studies of isatinpicolinohydrazone and its Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II) complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Gammal, O. A.; Rakha, T. H.; Metwally, H. M.; Abu El-Reash, G. M.

    2014-06-01

    Isatinpicolinohydrazone (H2IPH) and its Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II) complexes have been synthesized and investigated using physicochemical techniques viz. IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV-Vis spectrometric methods and magnetic moment measurements. The investigation revealed that H2IPH acts as binegative tetradentate in Zn(II), neutral tridentate in Cd(II) and as neutral bidentate towards Hg(II) complex. Octahedral geometry is proposed for all complexes. The bond length, bond angle, chemical reactivity, energy components (kcal/mol), binding energy (kcal/mol) and dipole moment (Debyes) for all the title compounds were evaluated by DFT and also MEP for the ligand is shown. Theoretical infrared intensities of H2IPH and also the theoretical electronic spectra of the ligand and its complexes were calculated. The thermal behavior and the kinetic parameters of degradation were determined using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. The in vitro antibacterial studies of the complexes proved them as growth inhibiting agents. The DDPH antioxidant of the compounds have been screened. Antitumor activity, carried out in vitro on human mammary gland (breast) MCF7, have shown that Hg(II) complex exhibited potent activity followed by Zn(II), Cd(II) complexes and the ligand.

  3. Magnetic, thermal and spectroscopic properties of 5-chloro-2-methoxybenzoates of Mn(II, Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II and Zn(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BEATA BOCIAN

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available The 5-chloro-2-methoxybenzoates of Mn(II, Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II and Zn(II were synthesized as solids and their magnetic, spectral and thermal properties studied. The complexes possess colours typical of the M(II ions. The thermal stabilities were examined in air and nitrogen atmospheres and the products of decompositions were also identified. The magnetic susceptibilities of the complexes were measured over the temperature range 4.4–300 K and the magnetic moments were calculated. The results show that the 5-chloro-2-methoxybenzoates of Mn(II, Co(II and Ni(II are octahedral, high-spin complexes.

  4. Complex Formation in a Liquid-Liquid Extraction System Containing Co(II), 4-(2-Thiazolylazo)resorcinol and Monotetrazolium Salt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divarova, Vidka; Stojnova, Kirila; Racheva, Petya; Lekova, Vanya

    2016-01-01

    The ion-associated complex formed between anionic chelate of Co(II)-4-(2-Thiazolylazo)resorcinol (TAR) with the monotetrazolium cation of 2-(4-Iodophenyl)-3-(4-nitrophenyl)-5-phenyl-2H-tetrazolium chloride (INT) in the liquid-liquid extraction system Co(II)-TAR-INT-H(2)O-CHCl(3) was studied by the spectrophotometric method. The optimum extraction conditions of Co(II) were found. The extraction equilibria were studied. The equilibrium constants, the recovery factor and some analytical characteristics were calculated. The validity of Beer's law was checked. The molar ratio of the components in the ternary ion-associated complex Co(II)-TAR-INT was determined. The general formula of the complex was suggested. The effect of various foreign ions and reagents on the process of complex formation in the liquid-liquid extraction system was studied.

  5. Incorporation of Pyrazine and Bipyridine Linkers with High-Spin Fe(II) and Co(II) in a Metal–Organic Framework

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawamura, Airi; Greenwood, Arin R.; Filatov, Alexander S.; Gallagher, Audrey T.; Galli, Giulia; Anderson, John S.

    2017-02-27

    A series of isoreticular metal organic frameworks (MOFs) of the formula M(BDC)(L) (M = Fe(II) or Co(II), BDC = 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate, L = pyrazine (pyz) or 4,4'-bipyridine (bipy)) has been synthesized and characterized by N-2 gas uptake Measurements, single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction, magnetometry, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and Mossbauer spectroscopy. These studies indicate the formation of a permanently porous solid with high-spin Fe(II) and Co(II) centers that are weakly coupled, consistent with first-principles density functional theory calculations. This family of materials represents unusual examples of paramagnetic metal centers coordinated by linkers capable of mediating magnetic or electronic coupling in a porous framework. While only weak interactions are observed, the rigid 3D framework of the MOF dramatically impacts the properties of these materials when compared with close structural analogues.

  6. Potentiometric study of atenolol as hypertension drug with Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II and Zn(II transition metal ions in aqueous solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulbaset A. Zaid

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Binary and ternary complexes of Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II and Zn(II with atenolol as hypertension drug and glycine have been determined pH metrically at room temperature and 0.01 M ionic strength (NaClO4 in aqueous solution. The formation of various possible species has been evaluated by computer program and discussed in terms of various relative stability parameters.

  7. Physicochemical properties of 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoates of Mn(II, Co(II, Ni(II and Zn(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. FERENC

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The complexes of Mn(II, Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II and Zn(II with 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid anion of the formula: M(C10H11O52·nH2O, where n = 6 for Ni(II, n = 1 for Mn(II, Co(II, Cu(II, and n = 0 for Zn, have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, X–ray diffraction measurements, thermogravimetry and magnetic studies. They are crystalline compounds characterized by various symmetry. They decompose in various ways when heated in air to 1273 K. At first, they dehydrate in one step and form anhydrous salts. The final products of decomposition are oxides of the respective metals (Mn2O3, Co3O4, NiO, CuO, ZnO. The solubilities of the analysed complexes in water at 293 K are in the orders of 10-2 – 10-4 mol dm-3. The magnetic susceptibilities of the Mn(II, Co(II, Ni(II and Cu(II complexes were measured over the range of 76–303 K and the magnetic moments were calculated. The results show that the 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoates of Mn(II, Co(II and Ni(II are high-spin complexes but that of Cu(II forms a dimer [Cu2(C10H11O54(H2O2]. The carboxylate groups bind as monodentate or bidentate chelating or bridging ligands.

  8. A quantitative method for determination of Co(II) based on the inner filter effect of reagents on the Raman scattering signals of water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hui Ying; Huang, Cheng Zhi

    2007-03-21

    It is known that Raman scattering signals are one of main interference sources leading up to determination errors in spectrofluorometry, and thus the signals can be easily detected with a common spectrofluorometer. In this contribution, we propose a quantitative method based on the inner filter effect (IFE) of reagents on the Raman scattering signals of solvent by taking the complexation of divalent cobalt ion with 4-[(5-chloro-2-pyridyl)azo]-1,3-diaminobenzene (5-Cl-PADAB) as a model system. By adjusting the excitation wavelength of the spectrofluorometer, we could easily detect the Raman scattering signals of water at 424 nm where the maximum absorption of 5-Cl-PADAB reagent is located. In a solution of 5-Cl-PADAB, the Raman scattering signals of water are decreased owing to the IFE of 5-Cl-PADAB. If Co(II), which could form the binary complex of Co(II)/5-Cl-PADAB and consumes the 5-Cl-PADAB reagent, is present in such a case for a given amount of 5-Cl-PADAB solution, recovered Raman scattering signals could be observed and measured with a spectrofluorometer. It was found that the intensity of the enhanced Raman scattering signals is proportional to the Co(II) concentration over the range from 2.0 x 10(-7) mol L(-1) to 1.0 x 10(-5) mol L(-1), and the detection limit could reach 1.2 x 10(-7) mol L(-1). With that, Co(II) in samples could be detected with R.S.D. values lower than 2.6% and recoveries over the range of 97.2-104.7%.

  9. Six, Seven or Eight Coordinate Fe(II) , Co(II) or Ni(II) Complexes of Amide-Appended Tetraazamacrocycles for ParaCEST Thermometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olatunde, Abiola O; Bond, Christopher J; Dorazio, Sarina J; Cox, Jordan M; Benedict, Jason B; Daddario, Michael D; Spernyak, Joseph A; Morrow, Janet R

    2015-12-07

    Fe(II) , Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes of two tetraazamacrocycles (1,4,8,11-tetrakis(carbamoylmethyl)-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane (L1) and 1,4,7,10-tetrakis(carbamoylmethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (L2) show promise as paraCEST agents for registration of temperature (paraCEST=paramagnetic chemical exchange saturation transfer). The Fe(II) , Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes of L1 show up to four CEST peaks shifted ≤112 ppm, whereas analogous complexes of L2 show only a single CEST peak at ≤69 ppm. Comparison of the temperature coefficients (CT ) of the CEST peaks of [Co(L2)](2+) , [Fe(L2)](2+) , [Ni(L1)](2+) and [Co(L1)](2+) showed that a CEST peak of [Co(L1)](2+) gave the largest CT (-0.66 ppm (o) C(-1) at 4.7 T). NMR spectral and CEST properties of these complexes correspond to coordination complex symmetry as shown by structural data. The [Ni(L1)](2+) and [Co(L1)](2+) complexes have a six-coordinate metal ion bound to the 1-, 4-amide oxygen atoms and four nitrogen atoms of the tetraazamacrocycle. The [Fe(L2)](2+) complex has an unusual eight-coordinate Fe(II) bound to four amide oxygen atoms and four macrocyclic nitrogen atoms. For [Co(L2)](2+) , one structure has seven-coordinate Co(II) with three bound amide pendents and a second structure has a six-coordinate Co(II) with two bound amide pendents. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  10. Characterization and biological studies on Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of carbohydrazones ending by pyridyl ring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu El-Reash, G. M.; El-Gammal, O. A.; Ghazy, S. E.; Radwan, A. H.

    2013-03-01

    The chelating behavior of ligands based on carbohydrazone core modified with pyridine end towards Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) ions have been examined. The ligands derived from the condensation of carbohydrazide with 2-acetylpyridine (H2APC) and 4-acetylpyridine (H2APEC). The 1H NMR, IR data and the binding energy calculations of H2APC revealed the presence of two stereoisomers syn and anti in the solid state and in the solution. The 1H NMR, IR data and the binding energy calculations confirmed the presence of H2APEC in one keto form only in the solid state and in the solution. The spectroscopic data confirmed that H2APC behaves as a monobasic pentadentate in Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes and as mononegative tetradentate in Ni(II) complex. On the other hand, H2APEC acts as a mononegative tridentate in Co(II) complex, neutral tridentate in Ni(II) complex and neutral bidentate in Cu(II) complex. The electronic spectra and the magnetic measurements of complexes as well as the ESR of the copper complexes suggested the octahedral geometry. The bond length and bond angles were evaluated by DFT method using material studio program. The thermal behavior and the kinetic parameters of degradation were determined using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. The antioxidant (DDPH and ABTS methods), anti-hemolytic and in vitro Ehrlich ascites of the compounds have been screened.

  11. Template Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Activity of Cu(II, Ni(II, Co(II, Zn(IIComplexes with Isonicotinoylhydrazone--2-aldehydefluorene Ligand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This is about synthesizing new complex combinations of Cu(II, Ni(II,Co(II, Zn(II with aroylhydrazone ligand isonicotinoylhydrazone-2-aldehydefluorene (INHAF made by condensation of isonicotinoylhydrazine with 2-aldehydefluorene. The complexes have been characterized by analytical data, IR, UV-Vis, NMR spectra, magnetic susceptibility values, thermal analysis and for the Cu(II complex the ESR spectrum has been registered. For all complexes the biological activity against the Staphylo-coccus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebssiella pneumoniae bacteria has been investigated. The experimental data sustain stoichiometry of 1:2 (metal/ligand for the Cu(II, Ni(II, Zn(II complexes and of 1:1 for the complex with Co(II. The electronic spectra and the magnetic moments suggest octahedral stereochemistry at the complexes with Cu(II, Ni(II and the tetrahedral geometry for the Co(II complex. The INHAF ligand is coordinated bidentate by the O=C amide oxygen and the azomethine nitrogen in the complexes of Cu(II, Ni(II, Co(II and monodentate by the azomethine nitrogen in the complex of Zn(II.

  12. Synthesis and spectroscopic studies of biologically active tetraazamacrocyclic complexes of Mn(II, Co(II, Ni(II, Pd(II and Pt(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Tyagi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Complexes of Mn(II, Co(II, Ni(II, Pd(II and Pt(II were synthesized with the macrocyclic ligand, i.e., 2,3,9,10-tetraketo-1,4,8,11-tetraazacycoletradecane. The ligand was prepared by the [2 + 2] condensation of diethyloxalate and 1,3-diamino propane and characterized by elemental analysis, mass, IR and 1H NMR spectral studies. All the complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurements, IR, electronic and electron paramagnetic resonance spectral studies. The molar conductance measurements of Mn(II, Co(II and Ni(II complexes in DMF correspond to non electrolyte nature, whereas Pd(II and Pt(II complexes are 1:2 electrolyte. On the basis of spectral studies an octahedral geometry has been assigned for Mn(II, Co(II and Ni(II complexes, whereas square planar geometry assigned for Pd(II and Pt(II. In vitro the ligand and its metal complexes were evaluated against plant pathogenic fungi (Fusarium odum, Aspergillus niger and Rhizoctonia bataticola and some compounds found to be more active as commercially available fungicide like Chlorothalonil.

  13. Adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) by in situ oxidized Fe3O4membrane grafted on 316L porous stainless steel filter tube and its potential application for drinking water treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Mengfei; Zhu, Li; Wang, Jianlong; Yue, Tianli; Li, Ronghua; Li, Zhonghong

    2017-07-01

    Removing heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions is one of the most challenging separations. In situ oxidized Fe 3 O 4 membranes using 316L porous stainless steel filter tube have shown great potential for removing anion Cr(VI). Here we report the performances of the in situ oxidized Fe 3 O 4 membranes for removing two toxic cations Cd(II) and Pb(II) commonly existing in water and their potential applications for drinking water purification. The membranes exhibited high removal efficiency: 97% at pH 9.0 for Cd(II) of 1.0 mg/L initial concentration and 100% at pH 5.0-6.0 for Pb(II) of 5.0 mg/L initial concentration. The maximum adsorption capabilities were estimated at 0.800 mg/g and 2.251 mg/g respectively for Cd(II) and Pb(II) at 318 K by the Langmuir model. Results of batch tests revealed the existence of electrostatic attraction and chemisorption. XRD and FT-IR analyses indicated that the chemisorption might be the insertion of Cd(II) and Pb(II) into the Fe 3 O 4 crystal faces of 311 and 511 to form mononuclear or binuclear coordination with O atoms of Fe-O 6 groups. Competitive adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) in binary solutions revealed a preferential adsorption for Pb(II). Na 2 EDTA solution was used to regenerate the membranes, and the maximum desorption ratio was 90.29% and 99.75% respectively for Cd(II) and Pb(II). The membranes were able to efficiently lower Cd(II) and Pb(II) concentrations to meet the drinking water standards recommended by the World Health Organization and are promising for engineering applications aimed at drinking water purification. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Selective divalent cobalt ions detection using Ag2O3-ZnO nanocones by ICP-OES method for environmental remediation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Mohammed M; Khan, Sher Bahadar; Marwani, Hadi M; Asiri, Abdullah M

    2014-01-01

    Here, we have synthesized Ag2O3-ZnO nanocones (NCs) by a wet-chemical route using reducing agents at low temperature. The structural, optical and morphological properties of Ag2O3-ZnO NCs were investigated by several conventional techniques such as powder XRD, XPS, FESEM, XEDS, FTIR and UV/vis. spectroscopy. The analytical parameters of prepared NCs were also calculated for a selective detection of divalent cobalt [Co(II)] prior to its determination by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The selectivity of NCs toward various metal ions, including Cd(II), Co(II), Cr(III), Cu(II), Fe(III), Ni(II), and Zn(II) was studied. Results of the selectivity study demonstrated that Ag2O3-ZnO NC phase was the most selective towards Co(II) ion. The uptake capacity for Co(II) ion was experimentally calculated to be ∼76.69 mgg-1. Moreover, adsorption isotherm data provided that the adsorption process was mainly monolayer on homogeneous adsorbent surfaces of Ag2O3-ZnO NCs. Kinetic study revealed that the adsorption of Co(II) on Ag2O3-ZnO NCs phase followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. In addition, thermodynamic results provided that the adsorption mechanism of Co(II) ions on Ag2O3-ZnO NCs was a spontaneous process and thermodynamically favorable. Finally, the proposed method was validated by applying it to real environmental water samples with reasonable results.

  15. Environmentally-relevant concentrations of Al(III) and Fe(III) cations induce aggregation of free DNA by complexation with phosphate group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Chao; Kang, Fuxing; Zhang, Wei; Shou, Weijun; Hu, Xiaojie; Gao, Yanzheng

    2017-10-15

    Environmental persistence of free DNA is influenced by its complexation with other chemical species and its aggregation mechanisms. However, it is not well-known how naturally-abundant metal ions, e.g., Al(III) and Fe(III), influence DNA aggregation. This study investigated aggregation behaviors of model DNA from salmon testes as influenced by metal cations, and elucidated the predominant mechanism responsible for DNA aggregation. Compared to monovalent (K + and Na + ) and divalent (Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ ) cations, Al(III) and Fe(III) species in aqueous solution caused rapid DNA aggregations. The maximal DNA aggregation occurred at 0.05 mmol/L Al(III) or 0.075 mmol/L Fe(III), respectively. A combination of atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that Al(III) and Fe(III) complexed with negatively charged phosphate groups to neutralize DNA charges, resulting in decreased electrostatic repulsion and subsequent DNA aggregation. Zeta potential measurements and molecular computation further support this mechanism. Furthermore, DNA aggregation was enhanced at higher temperature and near neutral pH. Therefore, DNA aggregation is collectively determined by many environmental factors such as ion species, temperature, and solution pH. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Adsorption of Ni(II, Cu(II and Fe(III from Aqueous Solutions Using Activated Carbon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Edwin Vasu

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available An activated carbon was tested for its ability to remove transition metal ions from aqueous solutions. Physical, Chemical and liquid-phase adsorption characterizations of the carbon were done following standard procedures. Studies on the removal of Ni(II, Cu(II and Fe(III ions were attempted by varying adsorbate dose, pH of the metal ion solution and time in batch mode. The equilibrium adsorption data were fitted with Freundlich, Langmuir and Redlich-Peterson isotherms and the isotherm constants were evaluated. Time variation studies indicate that adsorptions follow pseudo-second order kinetics. pH was found to have a significant role to play in the adsorption. The processes were endothermic and the thermodynamic parameters were evaluated. Desorption studies indicate that ion-exchange mechanism is operating.

  17. A low-spin Fe(III) complex with 100-ps ligand-to-metal charge transfer photoluminescence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chabera, Pavel; Liu, Yizhu; Prakash, Om

    2017-01-01

    sufficiently to realize a long charge-transfer lifetime of 100 picoseconds (ps) and room-temperature photoluminescence. This species is a low-spin Fe(III) d(5) complex, and emission occurs from a long-lived doublet ligand-to-metal charge-transfer ((LMCT)-L-2) state that is rarely seen for transition-metal...... complexes(4,16,17). The absence of intersystem crossing, which often gives rise to large excited-state energy losses in transition-metal complexes, enables the observation of spin-allowed emission directly to the ground state and could be exploited as an increased driving force in photochemical reactions......Transition-metal complexes are used as photosensitizers(1), in light-emitting diodes, for biosensing and in photocatalysis(2). A key feature in these applications is excitation from the ground state to a charge-transfer state(3,4); the long charge-transfer-state lifetimes typical for complexes...

  18. Photoinduced electron transfer between Fe(III) and adenosine triphosphate-BODIPY conjugates: Application to alkaline-phosphatase-linked immunoassay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Jia-Hui; Yang, Ya-Chun; Shih, Ya-Chen; Hung, Szu-Ying; Lu, Chi-Yu; Tseng, Wei-Lung

    2016-03-15

    Fluorescent boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) analogs are often used as sensors for detecting various species because of their relatively high extinction coefficients, outstanding fluorescence quantum yields, photostability, and pH-independent fluorescence. However, there is little-to-no information in the literature that describes the use of BODIPY analogs for detecting alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and inhibition. This study discovered that the fluorescence of BODIPY-conjugated adenosine triphosphate (BODIPY-ATP) was quenched by Fe(III) ions through photoinduced electron transfer. The ALP-catalyzed hydrolysis of BODIPY-ATP resulted in the formation of BODIPY-adenosine and phosphate ions. The fluorescence of the generated BODIPY-adenosine was insensitive to the change in the concentration of Fe(III) ions. Thus, the Fe(III)-induced fluorescence quenching of BODIPY-ATP can be paired with its ALP-mediated dephosphorylation to design a turn-on fluorescence probe for ALP sensing. A method detection limit at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3 for ALP was estimated to be 0.02 units/L (~6 pM; 1 ng/mL). This probe was used for the screening of ALP inhibitors, including Na3VO4, imidazole, and arginine. Because ALP is widely used in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, the probe was coupled to an ALP-linked immunosorbent assay for the sensitive and selective detection of immunoglobulin G (IgG). The lowest detectable concentration for IgG in this system was 5 ng/mL. Compared with the use of 3,6-fluorescein diphosphate as a signal reporter in an ALP-linked immunosorbent assay, the proposed system provided comparable sensitivity, large linear range, and high stability over temperature and pH changes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. The formation of light absorbing insoluble organic compounds from the reaction of biomass burning precursors and Fe(III)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavi, Avi; Lin, Peng; Bhaduri, Bhaskar; Laskin, Alexander; Rudich, Yinon

    2017-04-01

    Dust particles and volatile organic compounds from fuel or biomass burning are two major components that affect air quality in urban polluted areas. We characterized the products from the reaction of soluble Fe(III), a reactive transition metal originating from dust particles dissolution processes, with phenolic compounds , namely, guaiacol, syringol, catechol, o- and p- cresol that are known products of incomplete fuel and biomass combustion but also from other natural sources such as humic compounds degradation. We found that under acidic conditions comparable to those expected on a dust particle surface, phenolic compounds readily react with dissolved Fe(III), leading to the formation of insoluble polymeric compounds. We characterized the insoluble products by x-ray photoelectron microscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, elemental analysis and thermo-gravimetric analysis. We found that the major chromophores formed are oligomers (from dimers to pentamers) of the reaction precursors that efficiently absorb light between 300nm and 500nm. High variability of the mass absorption coefficient of the reaction products was observed with catechol and guaiacol showing high absorption at the 300-500nm range that is comparable to that of brown carbon (BrC) from biomass burning studies. The studied reaction is a potential source for the in-situ production of secondary BrC material under dark conditions. Our results suggest a reaction path for the formation of bio-available iron in coastal polluted areas where dust particles mix with biomass burning pollution plumes. Such mixing can occur, for instance in the coast of West Africa or North Africa during dust and biomass burning seasons

  20. Shewanella putrefaciens mtrB encodes an outer membrane protein required for Fe(III) and Mn(IV) reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beliaev, A S; Saffarini, D A

    1998-12-01

    Iron and manganese oxides or oxyhydroxides are abundant transition metals, and in aquatic environments they serve as terminal electron acceptors for a large number of bacterial species. The molecular mechanisms of anaerobic metal reduction, however, are not understood. Shewanella putrefaciens is a facultative anaerobe that uses Fe(III) and Mn(IV) as terminal electron acceptors during anaerobic respiration. Transposon mutagenesis was used to generate mutants of S. putrefaciens, and one such mutant, SR-21, was analyzed in detail. Growth and enzyme assays indicated that the mutation in SR-21 resulted in loss of Fe(III) and Mn(IV) reduction but did not affect its ability to reduce other electron acceptors used by the wild type. This deficiency was due to Tn5 inactivation of an open reading frame (ORF) designated mtrB. mtrB encodes a protein of 679 amino acids and contains a signal sequence characteristic of secreted proteins. Analysis of membrane fractions of the mutant, SR-21, and wild-type cells indicated that MtrB is located on the outer membrane of S. putrefaciens. A 5.2-kb DNA fragment that contains mtrB was isolated and completely sequenced. A second ORF, designated mtrA, was found directly upstream of mtrB. The two ORFs appear to be arranged in an operon. mtrA encodes a putative 10-heme c-type cytochrome of 333 amino acids. The N-terminal sequence of MtrA contains a potential signal sequence for secretion across the cell membrane. The amino acid sequence of MtrA exhibited 34% identity to NrfB from Escherichia coli, which is involved in formate-dependent nitrite reduction. To our knowledge, this is the first report of genes encoding proteins involved in metal reduction.

  1. Structure, magnetism, and theoretical study of a mixed-valence Co(II)3Co(III)4 heptanuclear wheel: lack of SMM behavior despite negative magnetic anisotropy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chibotaru, Liviu F; Ungur, Liviu; Aronica, Christophe; Elmoll, Hani; Pilet, Guillaume; Luneau, Dominique

    2008-09-17

    A mixed-valence Co(II)/Co(III) heptanuclear wheel [Co(II)3Co(III)4(L)6(MeO)6] (LH2 = 1,1,1-trifluoro-7-hydroxy-4-methyl-5-aza-hept-3-en-2-one) has been synthesized and its crystal structure determined using single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The valence state of each cobalt ion was established by bond valence sum calculations. Studies of the temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility and the field dependence of the magnetization evidence ferromagnetic interactions within the compound. In order to understand the magnetic properties of this Co7 wheel, we performed ab initio calculations for each cobalt fragment at the CASSCF/CASPT2 level, including spin-orbit coupling effects within the SO-RASSI approach. The four Co(III) ions were found to be diamagnetic and to give a significant temperature-independent paramagnetic contribution to the susceptibility. The spin-orbit coupling on the three Co(II) sites leads to separations of approximately 200 cm(-1) between the ground and excited Kramers doublets, placing the Co7 wheel into a weak-exchange limit in which the lowest electronic states are adequately described by the anisotropic exchange interaction between the lowest Kramers doublets on Co(II) sites. Simulation of the exchange interaction was done within the Lines model, keeping the fully ab initio treatment of magnetic anisotropy effects on individual cobalt fragments using a recently developed methodology. A good description of the susceptibility and magnetization was obtained for nearest-neighbor (J1) and next-nearest-neighbor (J2) exchange parameters (1.5 and 5.5 cm(-1), respectively). The strong ferromagnetic interaction between distant cobalt ions arises as a result of low electron-promotion energies in the exchange bridges containing Co(III) ions. The calculations showed a large value of the magnetization along the main magnetic axis (10.1 mu(B)), which is a combined effect of the ferromagnetic exchange interaction and negative magnetic anisotropy on

  2. N-donor co-ligands driven two new Co(II)- coordination polymers with bi- and trinuclear units: Crystal structures, and magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Zhi-Hang [College of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Hubei Provincial Collaborative Innovation Center for New Energy Microgrid, Key Laboratory of Inorganic Non-metallic Crystalline and Energy Conversion Materials, China Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002 (China); Han, Min-Le [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Key Laboratory of Function-Oriented Porous Materials, Luoyang Normal University, Luoyang 471022 (China); Wu, Ya-Pan; Dong, Wen-Wen [College of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Hubei Provincial Collaborative Innovation Center for New Energy Microgrid, Key Laboratory of Inorganic Non-metallic Crystalline and Energy Conversion Materials, China Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002 (China); Li, Dong-Sheng, E-mail: lidongsheng1@126.com [College of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Hubei Provincial Collaborative Innovation Center for New Energy Microgrid, Key Laboratory of Inorganic Non-metallic Crystalline and Energy Conversion Materials, China Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002 (China); Lu, Jack Y., E-mail: lu@uhcl.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of Houstons-Clear Lake, Houston, TX 77058 (United States)

    2016-10-15

    Two new Co(II) coordination polymers(CPs), namely [Co{sub 2}(bpe){sub 2}(Hbppc)]{sub n} (1) and [Co{sub 3}(μ{sub 3}-OH)(bppc)(bpm)(H{sub 2}O)]·3H{sub 2}O (2) (H{sub 5}bppc=biphenyl-2,4,6,3′,5′-pentacarboxylic acid, bpe=1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethene, bpm=bis(4-pyridyl)amine), have been obtained and characterized by elemental analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), IR spectra and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). 1 shows a binodal (4,6)-connected fsc net with a (4{sup 4}·6{sup 10}·8)(4{sup 4}·6{sup 2}) topology, while 2 shows a binodal (5,7)-connected 3D network based on trinuclear [Co{sub 3}(μ{sub 3}-OH)]{sup 5+} units with unusual (3.4{sup 6}.5{sup 2}.6)(3{sup 2}.4{sup 6}.5{sup 7}.6{sup 5}.7) topology. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements reveals that complex 1 shows ferromagnetic interactions between the adjacent Co(II) ions, whereas 2 is a antiferromagnetic system. - Graphical abstract: Two new Co(II) coordination polymers with bi- and trinuclear units have been obtained. 1 shows a binodal (4,6)-connected fsc net with a (4{sup 4}·6{sup 10}·8)(4{sup 4}·6{sup 2}) topology and antiferromagnetic interactions between the adjacent Co(II) ions, while 2 is a binodal (5,7)-connected 3D network with unusual (3.4{sup 6}.5{sup 2}.6)(3{sup 2}.4{sup 6}.5{sup 7}.6{sup 5}.7) topology and a ferromagnetic system. - Highlights: • Two Co(II) coordination polymers with different multimetallic clusters as building units. • A (4,6)-connected fsc net and a (5,7)-connected 3D network. • A antiferromagnetic coupling for 1 and A ferromagnetic coupling for 2.

  3. Phosphonate Modified Silica for Adsorption of Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II, and Zn(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Maruto Widjonarko

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A new phosphonate modified silica (PMS has been investigated for adsorption of Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II, and Zn(II in aqueous solution. The adsorbent was modified of silica by immobilizing aminoethyl dihydrogen phosphate (AEPH2 on 1,4-dibromobutane grafted silica. The physicochemical of the adsorbent was investigated using Fourier Transform Infra-red (FTIR spectroscopy, X-ray Fluorescence (XRF, and N2 gas adsorption/desorption. The adsorption study was carried out in a batch system by mixing solution of metal ions at various pHs, contact times, and initial metal ion concentrations. The unadsorbed metals were determined by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (FAAS. Result of characterization showed that PMS has been successfully prepared. The product contained 45.99% (w/w silica and 1.33% (w/w phosphorous with surface area, pore volume, and pore size of 115.3 m2g-1; 0.7578 mLg-1; and 131.44 Å, respectively. Adsorption of metal ions on PMS occurred quite fast, less than 30 min. Modification of phosphonate on silica increased the adsorption capability, up to 8 times higher than that of unmodified silica, depending on metal ion type and pH solution. The capacity order of the metals adsorption was Cu(II>Co(II>Ni(II>Zn(II. Based on the adsorption characteristic, the adsorbent is promising to be applied as a material for solid phase extraction of transition metal ions.

  4. Sensitive spectrophotometric determination of Co(II) using dispersive liquid-liquid micro-extraction method in soil samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasanpour, Foroozan; Hadadzadeh, Hassan; Taei, Masoumeh; Nekouei, Mohsen; Mozafari, Elmira

    2016-05-01

    Analytical performance of conventional spectrophotometer was developed by coupling of effective dispersive liquid-liquid micro-extraction method with spectrophotometric determination for ultra-trace determination of cobalt. The method was based on the formation of Co(II)-alpha-benzoin oxime complex and its extraction using a dispersive liquid-liquid micro-extraction technique. During the present work, several important variables such as pH, ligand concentration, amount and type of dispersive, and extracting solvent were optimized. It was found that the crucial factor for the Co(II)-alpha benzoin oxime complex formation is the pH of the alkaline alcoholic medium. Under the optimized condition, the calibration graph was linear in the ranges of 1.0-110 μg L(-1) with the detection limit (S/N = 3) of 0.5 μg L(-1). The preconcentration operation of 25 mL of sample gave enhancement factor of 75. The proposed method was applied for determination of Co(II) in soil samples.

  5. Phylogenetic relationships of the New World Troidini swallowtails (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) based on COI, COII, and EF-1alpha genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva-Brandão, Karina Lucas; Lucci Freitas, André Victor; Brower, Andrew V Z; Solferini, Vera Nisaka

    2005-09-01

    A phylogeny of the Neotropical members of the Tribe Troidini (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) was obtained with sequences of three protein-coding genes: two mitochondrial (COI and COII), and one nuclear (EF-1alpha). Parsimony and Bayesian analyses of 33 taxa resulted in very similar trees regardless of method used with the 27 troidines always forming a monophyletic clade. Within Troidini, the genus Battus is sister group to the remaining troidines, followed by a clade formed by the Paleotropical taxa (here represented by three exemplars). The genus Euryades is the next branch, and sister group of Parides. The genus Parides is monophyletic, and is divided into four main groups by Maximum Parsimony analysis, with the most basal group composed of tailed species restricted to SE Brazil. Character optimization of ecological and morphological traits over the phylogeny proposed for troidines indicated that the use of several species of Aristolochia is ancestral over the use of few or a single host-plant. For the other three characters, the ancestral states were the absence of long tails, forest as the primary habitat and oviposition solitary or in loose group of several eggs.

  6. Carrier-facilitated transport of Cd(II) through a supported liquid membrane containing thiacalix[4]arene derivatives as ionophore

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zaghbani, Asma; Tayeb, Rafik; Dhahbi, Mahmoud

    2009-01-01

    The feasibility of a facilitated transport process of cadmium ions through a SLM system incorporating new extractant agents, thiacalix[4]arenes, was studied. These molecules have sulfur atoms instead of usual methylene bridges. The chemical modification of the upper or the lower rim provides a great variety of supra molecules having different complexation ability and different conformational behaviour. The efficiency of the transport across the inner membrane organic liquid phase is shown to depend on the chemical (affinity) and structural (conformational states possible) parameters of these complexing molecules. In this work, two different thiacalix[4]arenes were selected as effective ionophore for the treatment of liquid media loaded in Cd(II). The results show that these thiacalix[4]arenes derivative ensure facilitated transport of cadmium cations through supported liquid membranes. Especially, the non-substituted thiacalix[4]arene can be considered as an effective extractant agent. The incidence of several parameters on transport efficiency such as pH of both aqueous solutions and carrier concentration was studied. The permeation of the species is due to a proton potential gradient (the driving force of the process) existing between the two opposite sides of the SLM. The initial flux, J, is found to be equal to 6.7.10 -7 mol.m -2 .s -1 , under optimal experimental conditions.

  7. Chemical Stability of Cd(II and Cu(II Ionic Imprinted Amino-Silica Hybrid Material in Solution Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buhani Buhani

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Chemical stability of Cd(II and Cu(II ionic imprinted amino-silica (HAS material of (i-Cd-HAS and i-Cu-HAS derived from silica modification with active compound (3-aminopropyl-trimethoxysilane (3-APTMS has been studied in solution media.  Stability test was performed with HNO3 0.1 M (pH 1.35 to investigate material stability at low pH condition, acetat buffer at pH 5.22 for adsorption process optimum pH condition, and in the water (pH 9.34 for base condition.  Material characteristics were carried out with infrared spectrophotometer (IR and atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS.  At interaction time of 4 days in acid and neutral condition, i-Cd-HAS is more stable than i-Cu-HAS with % Si left in material 95.89 % (acid media, 43.82 % (close to neutral, and 9.39 % (base media.Keywords: chemical stability, amino-silica hybrid, ionic imprinting technique.

  8. Characterization of hydroxybenzoic acid chelating resins: equilibrium, kinetics, and isotherm profiles for Cd(II and Pb(II uptake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BHAVNA A. SHAH

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Chelating ion-exchange resins were synthesized by polycondensation of ortho/para hydroxybenzoic acid with resorcinol/catechol employing formaldehyde as cross-linking agent at 80±5 °C in DMF. The resins were characterized by FTIR and XRD. The uptake behaviour of synthesized resins for Cd(II and Pb(II ions have been studied depending on contact time, pH, metal ion concentration and temperature. The sorption data obtained at optimized conditions were analyzed by the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. Experimental data of all metal–resin system were best represented by the Freundlich isotherm. The maximum obtained sorption capacity for cadmium was 69.53 mg g-1 and 169.32 mg g-1 for Lead. The adsorption process follows first order kinetics and the specific rate constant Kr was obtained by the application of the Lagergan equation. Thermodynamic parameters ∆Gads, ∆Sads and ∆Hads were calculated for the metal–resin systems. The external diffusion rate constant (KS and the intra-particle diffusion rate constant (Kid were calculated by the Spahn–Schlunder and Weber–Morris models, respectively. The sorption process was found to follow an intra-particle diffusion phenomenon.

  9. Kinetic study on adsorption of Cr(VI), Ni(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions using activated carbon prepared from Cucumis melo peel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjuladevi, M.; Anitha, R.; Manonmani, S.

    2018-03-01

    The adsorption of Cr(VI), Ni(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II), ions from aqueous solutions by Cucumis melo peel-activated carbon was investigated under laboratory conditions to assess its potential in removing metal ions. The adsorption behavior of metal ions onto CMAC was analyzed with Elovich, intra-particle diffusion rate equations and pseudo-first-order model. The rate constant of Elovich and intra-particle diffusion on CMAC increased in the sequence of Cr(VI) > Ni(II) > Cd(II) > Pb(II). According to the regression coefficients, it was observed that the kinetic adsorption data can fit better by the pseudo-first-order model compared to the second-order Lagergren's model with R 2 > 0.957. The maximum adsorption of metal ions onto the CMAC was found to be 97.95% for Chromium(VI), 98.78% for Ni(II), 98.55% for Pb(II) and 97.96% for Cd(II) at CMAC dose of 250 mg. The adsorption capacities followed the sequence Ni(II) ≈ Pb(II) > Cr(VI) ≈ Cd(II) and Ni(II) > Pb(II) > Cd(II) > Cr(VI). The optimum adsorption conditions selected were adsorbent dosage of 250 mg, pH of 3.0 for Cr(VI) and 6.0 for Ni(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II), adsorption concentration of 250 mg/L and contact time of 180.

  10. DETERMINATION OF RATE CONSTANT AND STABILITY OF ADSORPTION IN COMPETITIVE ADSORPTION OF Cr(III AND Cd(II ON HUMIC ACID BY USING THE NEW MODEL OF KINETIC FORMULATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suyanta Suyanta

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Determination of rate and stability constants of adsorption in competitive adsorption of Cr(III and Cd(II on humic acid by using the new model of kinetic formulation has been done. The new model based on assumption that those adsorption was first order adsorption rearched equilibrium. Humic acid was isolated from Peat moss of Silaut- West Sumatra by modificated Schnitzer method. Humic acid characterization was conducted by using infrared spectrophotometer with KBR pellet method. The experiment of kinetic adsorption was conducted in batch system reactor using erlenmeyer at 25 ± 0.01 oC of water steam bath and in a series of sampling procedure. Initial concentration of both Cr(III and Cd(II was 4x10-4 M. Thirty milligrams of humic acid was added to 200 mL of metal solution, and then stirred continuously. At the fixed periode of time, 10 mL of sample was taken using a syringe, then filterd with 0.45 µm filter paper. Concentration of Cr(III and Cd(II in the filtrate was determinated by AAS, while that was adsorbed by humic acid was equal to difference between initial and equilibrium concentration. It was concluded that competitive adsorption of Cr(III and Cd(II on humic acid was first order adsorption rearched equilibrium as proposed in this research. Adsorption rate constant of Cr(III on humic acid  at competitive condition was greater than of Cd(II, but on the contrary for stability constant (K. Competition between Cr(III and Cd(II to interact with the active side of humic acid was dominated by Cr(III.   Keywords: rate constant, stability and competitive adsorption

  11. Structural diversification and photocatalytic properties of three Cd(II) coordination polymers decorated with different auxiliary ligands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yin, Wen-Yu; Zhuang, Guo-Yong; Huang, Zuo-Long; Cheng, Hong-Jian; Zhou, Li; Ma, Man-Hong; Wang, Hao; Tang, Xiao-Yan, E-mail: xytang@cslg.edu.cn; Ma, Yun-Sheng; Yuan, Rong-Xin, E-mail: yuanrx@cslg.edu.cn

    2016-03-15

    Three cadmium coordination polymers, [Cd(bismip)]{sub n} (1), {[Cd(bismip)(phen)]·H_2O}{sub n} (2) and {[Cd_2(bismip)_2(4,4′-bipy)]·2H_2O}{sub n} (3) (H{sub 2}bismip=5-(1H-benzoimidazol-2-ylsulfanylmethyl)-isophthalic acid, phen=1,10-phenanthroline, 4,4′-bipy=4,4′-bipyridine) have been prepared under solvothermal conditions. In 1, the [Cd{sub 4}(bismip){sub 3}] units are jointed by bismip ligands to afford a three-dimensional (3D) architecture. Complex 2 exhibits a 3D supramolecular framework based on the interconnection of 1D chains through hydrogen bonding interactions and π-π packing interactions. 3 is a two-fold interpenetrating 3D architecture with a (4·8{sup 2})(4{sup 2}·8{sup 4}) Schläfli symbol in which 2D layers are interlinked by 4,4′-bipy ligands. The diverse structures of compounds 1–3 indicate that the auxiliary ligands have significant effects on the final structures. The photoluminescent properties and photocatalytic properties of these coordination polymers in the solid state were also investigated. Remarkably, 3 shows the wide gap semiconductor nature and exhibit excellent photocatalytic performance. - Graphical abstract: Three cadmium coordination polymers with different architectures based on 5-(1H-benzoimidazol-2-ylsulfanylmethyl)-isophthalic acid have been prepared. Their photoluminescent properties were also investigated. - Highlights: • Three new Cd(II) Cps were synthesized based on H{sub 2}bismip. • Compounds 1 and 3 show 3D networks and 2 exhibits a 1D chain. • Compoud 3 exhibits good catalytic activity of methylene blue photodegradation.

  12. Petrophilic, Fe(III Reducing Exoelectrogen Citrobacter sp. KVM11, Isolated From Hydrocarbon Fed Microbial Electrochemical Remediation Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krishnaveni Venkidusamy

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Exoelectrogenic biofilms capable of extracellular electron transfer are important in advanced technologies such as those used in microbial electrochemical remediation systems (MERS Few bacterial strains have been, nevertheless, obtained from MERS exoelectrogenic biofilms and characterized for bioremediation potential. Here we report the identification of one such bacterial strain, Citrobacter sp. KVM11, a petrophilic, iron reducing bacterial strain isolated from hydrocarbon fed MERS, producing anodic currents in microbial electrochemical systems. Fe(III reduction of 90.01 ± 0.43% was observed during 5 weeks of incubation with Fe(III supplemented liquid cultures. Biodegradation screening assays showed that the hydrocarbon degradation had been carried out by metabolically active cells accompanied by growth. The characteristic feature of diazo dye decolorization was used as a simple criterion for evaluating the electrochemical activity in the candidate microbe. The electrochemical activities of the strain KVM11 were characterized in a single chamber fuel cell and three electrode electrochemical cells. The inoculation of strain KVM11 amended with acetate and citrate as the sole carbon and energy sources has resulted in an increase in anodic currents (maximum current density of 212 ± 3 and 359 ± mA/m2 with respective coulombic efficiencies of 19.5 and 34.9% in a single chamber fuel cells. Cyclic voltammetry studies showed that anaerobically grown cells of strain KVM11 are electrochemically active whereas aerobically grown cells lacked the electrochemical activity. Electrobioremediation potential of the strain KVM11 was investigated in hydrocarbonoclastic and dye detoxification conditions using MERS. About 89.60% of 400 mg l-1 azo dye was removed during the first 24 h of operation and it reached below detection limits by the end of the batch operation (60 h. Current generation and biodegradation capabilities of strain KVM11 were examined using an

  13. Anodic stripping voltammetric detection of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) of coal gangue at bismuth film glassy carbon electrodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiu-Teng; Zhang, Yajing; Li, Xiaoyan; Xu, Ling; Lin, Ling; Chen, Qian; Yang, Shuo

    2018-02-01

    For coal gangue it is very important to detect the heavy metals of the products in view of environment risk control, because the heavy metals in coal gangue can cause multiple significant toxic effects. Most of the techniques now available are more suitable for laboratory conditions only and usually cost much testing time. In this work, we develop a new rapid detecting method of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) in coal gangue based on anodic stripping voltammetry. Through a large number of experiments, operational parameters have been optimized. This work provides a quick and convenient detection method for heavy metals in coal gangue.

  14. Zeolite-encapsulated Co(II), Mn(II), Cu(II) and Cr(III) salen complexes as catalysts for efficient selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, F. H.; Bi, H.; Huang, D. X.; Zhang, M.; Song, Y. B.

    2018-01-01

    Co(II), Mn(II), Cu(II) and Cr(III) salen type complexes were synthesized in situ in Y zeolite by the reaction of ion-exchanged metal ions with the flexible ligand molecules that had diffused into the cavities. Data of characterization indicates the formation of metal salen complexes in the pores without affecting the zeolite framework structure, the absence of any extraneous species and the geometry of encapsulated complexes. The catalytic activity results show that Cosalcyen Y exhibited higher catalytic activity in the water phase selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol, which could be attributed to their geometry and the steric environment of the metal actives sites.

  15. Preparation and characterisation of mixed ligand complexes of Co(III), Fe(III) and Cr(III) containing phthalimide and phenols

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miah, M.A.J.; Islam, M.S.; Pal, S.C.; Barma, T.K.

    1996-01-01

    Some novel mixed ligand complexes of Co(III), Fe(III) and Cr(III) containing phthalimide as primary and 2-aminophenol and 3-aminophenol as secondary ligands have been synthesized and characterised on the basis of elemental analyses, conductivity and magnetic measurements and infrared and electronic spectral studies. Complexes containing 2-aminophenol are 1:1 electrolyte in N,N dimethylformamide. Spectral studies indicate that all the complexes exhibit octahedral geometry. The complexes have the general composition; K[M(pim)/sub 2/(L)/sub 2/]; where m=Co(III), Fe(III) and Cr(III), pim-anion of phthalimamide and L=anion of 2-aminophenol and 3-aminophenol. (author)

  16. An in situ spectroelectrochemical study on the orientation changes of an [FeiiiLN2O3] metallosurfactant deposited as LB Films on gold electrode surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brand, Izabella; Juhaniewicz-Debinska, Joanna; Wickramasinghe, Lanka; Verani, Claudio N

    2018-03-28

    In this paper we analyze the changes in molecular orientation triggered by electrochemical reduction of an iron-containing surfactant in Langmuir-Blodgett films deposited onto gold electrodes. The metallosurfactant [Feiii(LN2O3)] (1) is an established molecular rectifier capable of unidirectional electron transfer between two electrodes. A gradual decrease in the activity is observed in sequential current vs. potential curves upon repeated cycles. Here we evaluate the redox response associated with the reduction of the Feiii/Feii couple in a single monolayer, as well as in a 5-layer LB film of 1. We use polarization modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM IRRAS) to follow structural and orientation changes associated with such applied potential scans. We observe that the reduction of the Fe center becomes increasingly irreversible because an Fe-Ophenolate bond is cleaved. This transformation is accompanied by an almost vertical change in the orientation of metallosurfactant molecules in LB films.

  17. Simultaneous Spectrophotometric Determination of FeII and FeIII in Pharmaceuticals by Partial Least Squares with Chromogenic Mixed Reagents

    OpenAIRE

    Niazi, Ali

    2006-01-01

    Simultaneous determination of FeII and FeIII mixtures by spectrophotometric methods is a difficult problem in analytical chemistry because of spectral interferences. By multivariate calibration methods, such as partial least squares (PLS), it is possible to obtain a model adjusted to the concentration values of the mixtures used in the calibration range. The method is based on developing the reaction between the analytes and 1,10 phenanthroline and 5-sulfosalicylic acid as the chromogenic rea...

  18. On-line solid-phase extraction and multisyringe flow injection analysis of Al(III) and Fe(III) in drinking water

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vanloot, Pierre; Boudenne, Jean-Luc; Coulomb, Bruno [Universite de Provence - Case 29, Laboratoire de Chimie et Environnement (FRE 2704), Marseille cedex 3 (France); Branger, Catherine; Margaillan, Andre [ISITV - Universite du Sud Toulon Var, Laboratoire de Chimie Appliquee MFS (EA 1356), La Garde du Var (France); Brach-Papa, Christophe [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Isotope Measurements Unit, Geel (Belgium)

    2007-11-15

    A new analytical method was developed for on-line monitoring of residual coagulants (aluminium and iron salts) in potable water. The determination was based on a sequential procedure coupling an extraction/enrichment step of the analytes onto a modified resin and a spectrophotometric measurement of a surfactant-sensitized binary complex formed between eluted analytes and Chrome Azurol S. The optimization of the solid phase extraction was performed using factorial design and a Doehlert matrix considering six variables: sample percolation rate, sample metal concentration, flow-through sample volume (all three directly linked to the extraction step), elution flow rate, concentration and volume of eluent (all three directly linked to the elution step). A specific reagent was elaborated for sensitive and specific spectrophotometric determination of Al(III) and Fe(III), by optimizing surfactant and ligand concentrations and buffer composition. The whole procedure was automated by a multisyringe flow injection analysis (MSFIA) system. Detection limits of 4.9 and 5.6 {mu}g L{sup -1} were obtained for Al(III) and Fe(III) determination, respectively, and the linear calibration graph up to 300 {mu}g L{sup -1} (both for Al(III) and Fe(III)) was well adapted to the monitoring of drinking water quality. The system was successfully applied to the on-site determination of Al(III) and Fe(III) at the outlet of two water treatment units during two periods of the year (winter and summer conditions). (orig.)

  19. IR, UV-Vis, magnetic and thermal characterization of chelates of some catecholamines and 4-aminoantipyrine with Fe(III) and Cu(II)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, Gehad G.; Zayed, M. A.; El-Dien, F. A. Nour; El-Nahas, Reham G.

    2004-07-01

    The dopamine derivatives participate in the regulation of wide variety of physiological functions in the human body and in medication life. Increase and/or decrease in the concentration of dopamine in human body reflect an indication for diseases such as Schizophrenia and/or Parkinson diseases. α-Methyldopa (α-MD) in tablets is used in medication of hypertension. The Fe(III) and Cu(II) chelates with coupled products of adrenaline hydrogen tartarate (AHT), levodopa (LD), α-MD and carbidopa (CD) with 4-aminoantipyrine (4-AAP) are prepared and characterized. Different physico-chemical methods like IR, magnetic and UV-Vis spectra are used to investigate the structure of these chelates. Fe(III) form 1:2 (M:catecholamines) chelates while Cu(II) form 1:1 chelates. Catecholamines behave as a bidentate mono- or dibasic ligands in binding to the metal ions. IR spectra show that the catecholamines are coordinated to the metal ions in a bidentate manner with O,O donor sites of the phenolic - OH. Magnetic moment measurements reveal the presence of Fe(III) chelates in octahedral geometry while the Cu(II) chelates are square planar. The thermal decomposition of Fe(III) and Cu(II) complexes is studied using thermogravimetric (TGA) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) techniques. The water molecules are removed in the first step followed immediately by decomposition of the ligand molecules. The activation thermodynamic parameters, such as, energy of activation, enthalpy, entropy and free energy change of the complexes are evaluated and the relative thermal stability of the complexes are discussed.

  20. Harvesting visible light with MoO3nanorods modified by Fe(iii) nanoclusters for effective photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, U; Kumar, S; Bahnemann, D; Koch, J; Tegenkamp, C; Muneer, M

    2018-02-07

    The photocatalytic performance of MoO 3 is limited due to its weak visible light absorption ability and quick recombination of charge carriers. In the present work, we report the facile synthesis of Fe(iii)-grafted MoO 3 nanorods using a hydrothermal method followed by an impregnation technique with the aim of enhancing the light harvesting ability and photocatalytic efficiency of MoO 3 . The prepared samples were characterized through the standard analytical techniques of XRD, SEM-EDS, TEM, XPS, UV-Vis-DRS, FT-IR, TG-DTA and PL spectrophotometry. XPS and TEM analyses reveal that Fe(iii) ions are successfully grafted onto the surface of the MoO 3 nanorod with intimate interfacial contact. The photocatalytic performances of the prepared samples were investigated by studying the degradation of methylene blue (MB), rhodamine B (RhB) and 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) under visible light irradiation. The surface-modified MoO 3 with Fe(iii) ions showed excellent photocatalytic activity towards the degradation of the above-mentioned pollutants, where Fe(iii) ions act as effective cocatalytic sites to produce hydroxyl radicals through multi-electron reduction of oxygen molecules. The improved photocatalytic activity could be ascribed to the effective separation of charge carriers and efficient production of hydroxyl radicals via the rapid capture of electrons by Fe(iii) through a well-known photoinduced interfacial charge transfer mechanism. Based on scavenger analysis study, a mechanism for the enhanced photocatalytic activity has been discussed and proposed. The concept of surface grafting onto large bandgap semiconductors with ubiquitous elements opens up a new avenue for the development of visible-light-responsive photocatalysts with excellent photocatalytic activity.

  1. Synthesis, spectral studies and biological evaluation of 2-aminonicotinic acid metal complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nawaz, Muhammad; Abbasi, Muhammad Waseem; Hisaindee, Soleiman; Zaki, Muhammad Javed; Abbas, Hira Fatima; Mengting, Hu; Ahmed, M. Arif

    2016-05-01

    We synthesized 2-aminonicotinic acid (2-ANA) complexes with metals such as Co(II), Fe(III), Ni(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), Ag(I),Cr(III), Cd(II) and Cu(II) in aqueous media. The complexes were characterized and elucidated using FT-IR, UV-Vis, a fluorescence spectrophotometer and thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA). TGA data showed that the stoichiometry of complexes was 1:2 metal/ligand except for Ag(I) and Mn(II) where the ratio was 1:1. The metal complexes showed varied antibacterial, fungicidal and nematicidal activities. The silver and zinc complexes showed highest activity against Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis respectively. Fusarium oxysporum was highly susceptible to nickel and copper complexes whereas Macrophomina phaseolina was completely inert to the complexes. The silver and cadmium complexes were effective against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica.

  2. Synthesis, spectroscopic, biological activity and thermal characterization of ceftazidime with transition metals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masoud, Mamdouh S.; Ali, Alaa E.; Elasala, Gehan S.; Kolkaila, Sherif A.

    2018-03-01

    Synthesis, physicochemical characterization and thermal analysis of ceftazidime complexes with transition metals (Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II)) were discussed. It's obtained that ceftazidime act as bidentate ligand. From magnetic measurement and spectral data, octahedral structures were proposed for all complexes except for cobalt, nickel and mercury had tetrahedral structural. Hyper chemistry program confirmed binding sites of ceftazidime. Ceftazidime complexes show higher activity than ceftazidime for some strains. From TG and DTA curves the thermal decomposition mechanisms of ceftazidime and their metal complexes were suggested. The thermal decomposition of the complexes ended with the formation of metal oxides as a final product except in case of Hg complex.

  3. Synthesis, spectral studies and biological evaluation of 2-aminonicotinic acid metal complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nawaz, Muhammad; Abbasi, Muhammad Waseem; Hisaindee, Soleiman; Zaki, Muhammad Javed; Abbas, Hira Fatima; Mengting, Hu; Ahmed, M Arif

    2016-05-15

    We synthesized 2-aminonicotinic acid (2-ANA) complexes with metals such as Co(II), Fe(III), Ni(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), Ag(I),Cr(III), Cd(II) and Cu(II) in aqueous media. The complexes were characterized and elucidated using FT-IR, UV-Vis, a fluorescence spectrophotometer and thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA). TGA data showed that the stoichiometry of complexes was 1:2 metal/ligand except for Ag(I) and Mn(II) where the ratio was 1:1. The metal complexes showed varied antibacterial, fungicidal and nematicidal activities. The silver and zinc complexes showed highest activity against Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis respectively. Fusarium oxysporum was highly susceptible to nickel and copper complexes whereas Macrophomina phaseolina was completely inert to the complexes. The silver and cadmium complexes were effective against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Volatile hexafluoroacetylacetonates for the isolation and gas-chromatographic determination of trace metals. Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hellmuth, K.H.; Mirzai, H.

    1985-01-01

    The optimization of the extraction of metal cations [Sc(III), Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Y(III), Ag(I), Cd(II), La(IIII), Ce(III), Eu(III), Yb(III), Hg(II), Pb(II), Th(IV), U(IV, VI) and Am(III)] in the form of mixed-ligand complexes with hexafluoroacetylacetone and neutral donators with nitrogen atoms or P=O-groups is described. The thermal and gas-chromatographic characteristics of the extracted volatile compounds are reported. Optimal results were achieved using tri-n-butyl-phosphine oxide as donator. (orig.) [de

  5. Crystal structure of the coordination polymer [FeIII2{PtII(CN4}3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maksym Seredyuk

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The title complex, poly[dodeca-μ-cyanido-diiron(IIItriplatinum(II], [FeIII2{PtII(CN4}3], has a three-dimensional polymeric structure. It is built-up from square-planar [PtII(CN4]2− anions (point group symmetry 2/m bridging cationic [FeIIIPtII(CN4]+∞ layers extending in the bc plane. The FeII atoms of the layers are located on inversion centres and exhibit an octahedral coordination sphere defined by six N atoms of cyanide ligands, while the PtII atoms are located on twofold rotation axes and are surrounded by four C atoms of the cyanide ligands in a square-planar coordination. The geometrical preferences of the two cations for octahedral and square-planar coordination, respectively, lead to a corrugated organisation of the layers. The distance between neighbouring [FeIIIPtII(CN4]+∞ layers corresponds to the length a/2 = 8.0070 (3 Å, and the separation between two neighbouring PtII atoms of the bridging [PtII(CN4]2− groups corresponds to the length of the c axis [7.5720 (2 Å]. The structure is porous with accessible voids of 390 Å3 per unit cell.

  6. Turn-on fluorogenic and chromogenic detection of Fe(III) and its application in living cell imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sivaraman, Gandhi; Sathiyaraja, Vijayaraj; Chellappa, Duraisamy

    2014-01-01

    Two rhodamine-based sensors RDI-1, RDI-2 was designed and synthesized by incorporation of the rhodamine 6G fluorophore and 2-formyl imidazole as the recognizing unit via the imine linkages. RDI-1, RDI-2 exhibits very high selectivity and an excellent sensitivity towards Fe(III) ions in aqueous buffer solution on compared with other probes. The color change from colorless to pink and turn-on fluorescence after binding with iron (III) was observed. Based on jobs plot and ESI-MS studies, the 1:1 binding mode was proposed. Live cell imaging experiments with each probe showed that these probes widely applicable to detect Fe 3+ in living cells. -- Highlights: • Two rhodamine based probes was synthesized and used to recognize iron (III). • The chemosensors can be applied to detect iron(III) ions by color and turn-on fluorescent changes. • The very low detection limit was reported. • The applicability of these probes for live cell fluorescence imaging was studied

  7. Turn-on fluorogenic and chromogenic detection of Fe(III) and its application in living cell imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sivaraman, Gandhi; Sathiyaraja, Vijayaraj; Chellappa, Duraisamy, E-mail: dcmku123@gmail.com

    2014-01-15

    Two rhodamine-based sensors RDI-1, RDI-2 was designed and synthesized by incorporation of the rhodamine 6G fluorophore and 2-formyl imidazole as the recognizing unit via the imine linkages. RDI-1, RDI-2 exhibits very high selectivity and an excellent sensitivity towards Fe(III) ions in aqueous buffer solution on compared with other probes. The color change from colorless to pink and turn-on fluorescence after binding with iron (III) was observed. Based on jobs plot and ESI-MS studies, the 1:1 binding mode was proposed. Live cell imaging experiments with each probe showed that these probes widely applicable to detect Fe{sup 3+} in living cells. -- Highlights: • Two rhodamine based probes was synthesized and used to recognize iron (III). • The chemosensors can be applied to detect iron(III) ions by color and turn-on fluorescent changes. • The very low detection limit was reported. • The applicability of these probes for live cell fluorescence imaging was studied.

  8. Molecular structure and biological studies on Cr(III), Mn(II) and Fe(III) complexes of heterocyclic carbohydrazone ligand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu El-Reash, G. M.; El-Gammal, O. A.; Radwan, A. H.

    2014-03-01

    The chelating behavior of the ligand (H2APC) based on carbohydrazone core modified with pyridine end towards Cr(III), Mn(II) and Fe(III) ions have been examined. The 1H NMR and IR data for H2APC revealed the presence of two stereoisomers syn and anti in both solid state and in solution in addition to the tautomeric versatility based on the flexible nature of the hydrazone linkage leading to varied coordination modes. The spectroscopic data confirmed that the ligand behaves as a monobasic tridentate in Cr(III) and Fe(III) complexes and as neutral tetradentate in Mn(II) complex. The electronic spectra as well as the magnetic measurements confirmed the octahedral geometry for all complexes. The bond length and angles were evaluated by DFT method using material studio program for all complexes. The thermal behavior and the kinetic parameters of degradation were determined using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. The antioxidant (DDPH and ABTS methods), anti-hemolytic and cytotoxic activities of the compounds have been screened. Cr(III) complex and H2APC showed the highest antioxidant activity using ABTS and DPPH methods. With respect to in vitro Ehrlich ascites assay, H2APC exhibited the potent activity followed by Fe(III) and Cr(III)complexes.

  9. Fe(III) homogeneous photocatalysis for the removal of 1,2-dichlorobenzene in aqueous solution by means UV lamp and solar light.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreozzi, Roberto; Canterino, Marisa; Marotta, Raffaele

    2006-12-01

    Chlorinated hydrocarbons are widely used in chemical industries as solvents and intermediates for pesticides and dyes manufacture. Their presence was documented in rivers, groundwaters and seawaters. In this work, the oxidation of 1,2-dichlorobenzene in aqueous solutions by means of Fe(III) homogeneous photocatalysis under UV lamp and sunlight irradiations is studied. The results show that the best working conditions are found for pH=3.0 and initial [Fe(III)] concentration equal to 1.0x10(-4) molL(-1) although the investigated system can be utilized even at pH close to 4.0 but with slower abatement kinetics. Some dicholoroderivatives, such as 2,3-dichlorophenol, 3,4-dichlorophenol and 2-chlorophenol, are identified as oxidation intermediates. The values of the kinetic constant for the photochemical reoxidation of Fe(II) to Fe(III) are evaluated by a mathematical model in the range 1.58-3.78 Lmol(-1)s(-1) and 0.69-0.78 Lmol(-1)s(-1) for the systems irradiated by UV lamp and sunlight, respectively.

  10. The Role of Coulomb Interactions for Spin Crossover Behaviors and Crystal Structural Transformation in Novel Anionic Fe(III Complexes from a π-Extended ONO Ligand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suguru Murata

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available To investigate the π-extension effect on an unusual negative-charged spin crossover (SCO FeIII complex with a weak N2O4 first coordination sphere, we designed and synthesized a series of anionic FeIII complexes from a π-extended naphthalene derivative ligand. Acetonitrile-solvate tetramethylammonium (TMA salt 1 exhibited an SCO conversion, while acetone-solvate TMA salt 2 was in a high-spin state. The crystal structural analysis for 2 revealed that two-leg ladder-like cation-anion arrays derived from π-stacking interactions between π-ligands of the FeIII complex anion and Coulomb interactions were found and the solvated acetone molecules were in one-dimensional channels between the cation-anion arrays. A desolvation-induced single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation to desolvate compound 2’ may be driven by Coulomb energy gain. Furthermore, the structural comparison between quasi-polymorphic compounds 1 and 2 revealed that the synergy between Coulomb and π-stacking interactions induces a significant distortion of coordination structure of 2.

  11. Optimization of simultaneous electrochemical determination of Cd(II), Pb(II), Cu(II) and Hg(II) at carbon nanotube-modified graphite electrodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pikna, L'ubomír; Heželová, Mária; Kováčová, Zuzana

    2015-01-01

    The health of the environment is worsening every day. Monitoring of potentially toxic elements and remediation of environmental pollution are necessary. Therefore, the research and development of simple, inexpensive, portable and effective sensors is important. Electrochemistry is a useful component of the field of environment monitoring. The present study focuses on evaluating and comparing three types of electrodes (PIGE, PIGE/MWCNT/HNO3 and PIGE/MWCNT/EDTA/HNO3) employed for the simultaneous electrochemical determination of four potentially toxic elements: Cd(II), Pb(II), Cu(II) and Hg(II). Cyclic voltammograms were measured in an acetate buffer. The LOD, LOQ, the standard and relative precisions of the method and a prediction intervals were calculated (according to the technical procedure DIN 32 645) for the three electrodes and for each measured element. The LOD for PIGE/CNT/HNO3 (the electrode with narrowest calculated prediction intervals) was 2.98 × 10(-7) mol L(-1) for Cd(II), 4.83 × 10(-7) mol L(-1) for Pb(II), 3.81 × 10(-7) mol L(-1) for Cu(II), 6.79 × 10(-7) mol L(-1) for Hg(II). One of the benefits of this study was the determination of the amount of Hg(II) in the mixture of other elements.

  12. Effect of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) on Pb(II) biosorption by algae Gelidium-derived materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilar, Vítor J P; Botelho, Cidália M S; Boaventura, Rui A R

    2008-06-15

    Biosorption of Pb(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) from binary metal solutions onto the algae Gelidium sesquipedale, an algal industrial waste and a waste-based composite material was investigated at pH 5.3, in a batch system. Binary Pb(II)/Cu(II), Pb(II)/Cd(II) and Pb(II)/Zn(II) solutions have been tested. For the same equilibrium concentrations of both metal ions (1 mmol l(-1)), approximately 66, 85 and 86% of the total uptake capacity of the biosorbents is taken by lead ions in the systems Pb(II)/Cu(II), Pb(II)/Cd(II) and Pb(II)/Zn(II), respectively. Two-metal results were fitted to a discrete and a continuous model, showing the inhibition of the primary metal biosorption by the co-cation. The model parameters suggest that Cd(II) and Zn(II) have the same decreasing effect on the Pb(II) uptake capacity. The uptake of Pb(II) was highly sensitive to the presence of Cu(II). From the discrete model it was possible to obtain the Langmuir affinity constant for Pb(II) biosorption. The presence of the co-cations decreases the apparent affinity of Pb(II). The experimental results were successfully fitted by the continuous model, at different pH values, for each biosorbent. The following sequence for the equilibrium affinity constants was found: Pb>Cu>Cd approximately Zn.

  13. 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine functionalized sodium dodecyl sulfate-coated magnetite nanoparticles for effective removal of Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions from water samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobhanardakani, Soheil; Zandipak, Raziyeh

    2015-07-01

    2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine immobilized on sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-coated magnetite and was used for removal of Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution. The prepared product was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The size of the nanoparticles according to SEM was obtained around 20-35 nm. In batch tests, the effects of pH, contact time, initial metal concentration, and temperature were studied. The kinetic and equilibrium data were modeled with recently developed models. The adsorption kinetics and isotherms were well fitted by the fractal-like pseudo-second-order model and Langmuir-Freundlich model, respectively. Maximum adsorption capacity by this adsorbent is 255.1 mg g(-1) for Cd(II) ion and 319.6 mg g(-1) for Ni(II) ion at pH 7.0 and 25 °C. The method was successfully applied to the removal of metal cations in real samples (tap water, river water, and petrochemical wastewater).

  14. Utilization of water hyacinth weed (Eichhornia crassipes) for the removal of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) from aquatic environments: an adsorption isotherm study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahamadi, C; Nharingo, T

    2010-10-01

    The potential of Eichhornia crassipes biomass for the adsorption of three metal ions, Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II), from aqueous solution was studied using five two-parameter adsorption isotherm equations--Langmuir, Freundlich, Flory-Huggins, Temkin and Redlich-Peterson isotherms. The equilibrium adsorption data were obtained at different initial metal ion concentrations (C0 = 10-60 mg/L), 3 h contact time, 30 degrees C temperature, a dosage of 2 g/L, agitation rate of 150 rpm and buffered at pH 4.84. Langmuir isotherms gave monolayer sorption capacities (qm) of 26.32, 12.60 and 12.55 mg/g for Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) metal ions, respectively. The same trend of metal uptake was indicated by plots of sorption favourability (S(F)). Negative values of deltaGads0 indicated that the adsorption was spontaneous and exothermic in nature, and values from the Temkin isotherm constant, bT, suggested a mechanism consistent with an ion-exchange process. The results from these studies indicated that E. crassipes biomass has promising potential for the removal of toxic metals from aquatic environments.

  15. Adsorption of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions by cross-linked magnetic chitosan-2-aminopyridine glyoxal Schiff's base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monier, M; Ayad, D M; Abdel-Latif, D A

    2012-06-01

    The adsorption of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution by cross-linked magnetic chitosan-2-aminopyridine glyoxal Schiff's base resin (CSAP) was studied in a batch adsorption system. Cu(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) removal is pH dependent and the optimum adsorption was observed at pH 5.0. The adsorption was fast with estimated initial rate of 2.7, 2.4 and 1.4 mg/(g min) for Cu(2+), Cd(2+) and Ni(2+) respectively. The adsorption data could be well interpreted by the Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin model. The maximum adsorption capacities obtained from the Langmuir model were 124±1, 84±2 and 67±2 mg g(-1) for Cu(2+), Cd(2+) and Ni(2+) respectively. The adsorption process could be described by pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Thermodynamic parameters revealed the feasibility, spontaneity and exothermic nature of adsorption. The sorbents were successfully regenerated using EDTA and HCl solutions. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. The potential impact of microbial Fe(III) reduction on subsurface U(VI) mobility at a low level radioactive waste storage site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilkins, M.J.; Livens, F.R.; Vaughan, D.J.; Lloyd, J.R.; Beadle, I.; Small, J.S.

    2005-01-01

    Full text of publication follows: Fe(III) oxy-hydroxides have the potential to be utilised as terminal electron acceptors by indigenous microbial communities in the British Nuclear Fuels (BNFL) low level radioactive waste storage site at Drigg (Cumbria, UK) and these organisms may have a critical control on the biogeochemical cycling of several environmentally important radionuclides. In terms of radiological impact at Drigg, uranium is the most significant contributor to radiological impact and it is strongly influenced by biogeochemical processes. In terms of mass (moles) it is also the most abundant radionuclide in the Drigg inventory. Thus, the potential biotic and abiotic effects of Fe(III) reduction on U(VI) mobility in the Drigg subsurface are of interest. Culture-dependent and molecular techniques showed that the sediments in and around the Drigg site contained a diversity of Fe(III)-reducing bacteria. A series of microcosm experiments were utilised to create environmentally relevant experimental conditions. Microcosms set up using Drigg sediment and synthetic ground water were spiked with 100 μM U(VI) and acetate as an electron donor. U(VI) concentrations in groundwater were measured using a chemical assay while total U levels were determined using ICP-MS. Fe(II) levels were determined using the ferrozine method. Sediment surface areas were measured using BET analysis. The low surface area of the sediments resulted in only a small proportion of the 100 μM U(VI) spike sorbing onto mineral surfaces. The addition of ferri-hydrite to some microcosms resulted in an immediate lowering of soluble U(VI) concentrations, suggesting that the formation of soluble U(VI) complexes were not responsible for the minimal adsorption. The presence of biogenic Fe(II) in the microcosms did not affect the soluble U(VI) concentration. Similarly, soluble U(VI) levels remained unchanged when sediments were spiked with U(VI) post-microbial Fe(III) reduction. However, a lowering in

  17. The removal of Cu(II) and Co(II) from aqueous solutions using cross-linked chitosan-Evaluation by the factorial design methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cestari, Antonio R.; Vieira, Eunice F.S.; Oliveira, Iataanderson A. de; Bruns, Roy E.

    2007-01-01

    A 2 3 factorial design was employed to evaluate the quantitative removal of Cu(II) and Co(II) on glutaraldehyde-cross-linked chitosan from kinetic isotherms, using chitosan masses of 100 and 300 mg and temperatures of 25 and 35 deg. C. The adsorption parameters were analyzed statistically using modeling polynomial equations and a cumulative normal probability plot. The results indicated the higher quantitative preference of the chitosan for Cu(II) in relation to Co(II). Increasing the chitosan mass decreases the adsorption/mass ratio (mol g -1 ) for both metals. The principal effect of the temperature did not show statistical importance. The adsorption thermodynamic parameters, namely Δ ads H, Δ ads G and Δ ads S, were determined. Exothermic and endothermic results were found in relation to a specific factorial design experiment. A comparison of Δ ads H values was made in relation to some metal-adsorbent interactions in literature. It is suggested that the adsorption thermodynamic parameters are determined by the influence of the principal and interactive experimental parameters and not by the temperature changes alone

  18. Crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of a new Cd(II) coordination polymer catena-poly[bis[4-bromo-2-({[2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)ethyl]imino}methyl)phenolato-κ(3)N,N',O]di-μ3-chlorido-di-μ2-chlorido-bis(methanol-κO)tricadmium(II)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yahsi, Yasemin; Ozbek, Hatice; Aygun, Muhittin; Kara, Hulya

    2016-05-01

    Schiff base-metal complexes have been used widely as catalysts for many organic reactions, such as ring-opening polymerization and oxidation. In view of the importance of Cd(II) coordination polymers and in an effort to enlarge the library of such complexes, the title novel polymeric Cd(II) tridentate Schiff base complex, [Cd3(C13H16BrN2O)2Cl4(CH4O)2]n, has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, UV and IR spectroscopies, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The complex crystallizes in the triclinic P-1 space group with two symmetry-independent Cd(II) atoms, one of which lies on an inversion centre, and analysis of the crystal structure shows that both Cd(II) atoms are six-coordinated; the environment around one Cd(II) atom can be described as distorted octahedral, while that around the second Cd(II) atom is octahedral. The Cd(II) atoms are linked by chloride ligands to form a one-dimensional coordination polymer. The nonbonding intermolecular Cd...Cd distances are 3.7009 (4) and 4.3563 (5) Å. Furthermore, the photoluminescence properties of the complex have been investigated and it displays a strong red emission in the solid state at room temperature.

  19. Screen-Printed Electrode Modified by Bismuth /Fe3O4 Nanoparticle/Ionic Liquid Composite Using Internal Standard Normalization for Accurate Determination of Cd(II in Soil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Wang

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The quality and safety of agricultural products are threatened by heavy metal ions in soil, which can be absorbed by the crops, and then accumulated in the human body through the food chain. In this paper, we report a low-cost and easy-to-use screen-printed electrode (SPE for cadmium ion (Cd(II detection based on differential pulse voltammetry (DPV, which decorated with ionic liquid (IL, magnetite nanoparticle (Fe3O4, and deposited a bismuth film (Bi. The characteristics of Bi/Fe3O4/ILSPE were investigated using scanning electron microscopy, cyclic voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy, and linear sweep voltammetry. We found that the sensitivity of SPE was improved dramatically after functionalized with Bi/Fe3O4/IL. Under optimized conditions, the concentrations of Cd(II are linear with current responses in a range from 0.5 to 40 µg/L with the lowest detection limit of 0.05 µg/L (S/N = 3. Additionally, the internal standard normalization (ISN was used to process the response signals of Bi/Fe3O4/ILSPE and established a new linear equation. For detecting three different Cd(II concentrations, the root-mean-square error using ISN (0.25 is lower than linear method (0.36. Finally, the proposed electrode was applied to trace Cd(II in soil samples with the recovery in the range from 91.77 to 107.83%.

  20. Application of silica fume as a new SP-extractor for trace determination of Zn(II) and Cd(II) in pharmaceutical and environmental samples by square-wave anodic stripping voltammetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Salwa A.; Gaber, Ahmed A. Abdel; Rahim, Asmaa M. Abdel

    2017-05-01

    In this work, silica fume (SF) is used as a solid-phase extractor for extraction of Zn(II) and Cd(II) from aqueous solutions. Characterization of SF is performed by Fourier transform infrared, X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy. The optimum experimental conditions for the two metal ions are investigated using batch and column techniques. The maximum adsorption capacity values are found to be 54.13 and 121.28 mg g-1 at the optimum pH 6.0 and 8.0 for Zn(II) and Cd(II), respectively. The equilibrium data are analyzed using the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherms by nonlinear regression analysis. Also, the kinetics analysis revealed that the overall adsorption process is successfully fitted with the pseudo-second-order model. The method is applied for determination of the target metal ions in pharmaceutical and environmental samples using square-wave anodic stripping voltammetry. The limit of detection (LOD) values are 0.102 and 1.43 × 10-3 mg L-1 for Zn(II) and Cd(II), respectively. The percentage recovery values are 98.8-100.5 % which indicate the success of the proposed method for determination of Zn(II) and Cd(II) without interfering effects.

  1. Effect of process parameters on removal and recovery of Cd(II) and Cu(II) from electroplating wastewater by fixed-bed column of nano-dimensional titanium (IV) oxide agglomerates

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Debnath, S

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Removal performances of Cd(II) and Cu(II) from water was investigated using agglomerated nanoparticle of hydrous titanium(IV) oxide (NTO) packed fixed bed. The parameters varied were the bed depth, flow rate and feed solution concentrations...

  2. The Iron-Deficiency Induced Phenolics Accumulation May Involve in Regulation of Fe(III) Chelate Reductase in Red Clover.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Chong Wei; He, Xiu Xia; Zheng, Shao Jian

    2007-09-01

    Although considerable researches have been conducted on the physiological responses to plant iron (Fe) deficiency stress in dicotyledonous plants, much still needs to be learned about the regulation of these processes. In the present research, red clover was used to investigate the role of root phenolics accumulation in regulating Fe-deficiency induced Fe(III) chelate reductase (FCR). The root FCR activity, IAA and phenolics accumulation, and also the phenolics secretion were greatly increased by the Fe deficiency treatment. The application of TIBA (2,3,5-triiodobenoic acid) to the stem, an IAA polar transport inhibitor, which could decrease IAA accumulation in root, significantly inhibited the FCR activity, but did not effect root phenolics accumulation and secretion, suggesting that IAA itself did not involve in root phenolics accumulation and secretion. In contrast, the Fe deficiency treatment significantly decreased the root IAA-oxidase activity. Interestingly the phenolics extracted from roots inhibited IAA-oxidase activity in vitro, and this inhibition was greater with phenolics extracted from roots of Fe deficient plants than that from Fe sufficient plants, indicating that the Fe deficiency-induced IAA-oxidase inhibition probably caused by the phenolics accumulation in Fe deficient roots. Based on these observations, we propose a model where under Fe deficiency stress in dicots, an increase in root phenolics concentrations plays a role in regulating root IAA levels through an inhibition of root IAA oxidase activity. This response, leads to, or at least partially leads to an increase in root IAA levels, which in turn help induce increased root FCR activity.

  3. Polyacrylonitrile-based fiber modified with thiosemicarbazide by microwave irradiation and its adsorption behavior for Cd(II) and Pb(II)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deng, Sheng [State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin 150090 (China); School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090 (China); Wang, Peng, E-mail: pwang73@vip.sina.com [State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin 150090 (China); School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090 (China); Zhang, Guangshan, E-mail: gszhanghit@gmail.com [School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090 (China); Dou, Yuan [Shanxi Research Academy of Environmental Science, Taiyuan 030027 (China)

    2016-04-15

    Highlights: • Thiosemicarbazide modified fibrous adsorbents were prepared by MW irradiation. • Compared with conventional method, MW irradiation showed higher efficiency and yield. • The PAN{sub MW}–TSC fiber exhibited high adsorption capacities for Cd(II) and Pb(II). • The PAN{sub MW}–TSC fibers can be readily regenerated by 0.5 M HNO{sub 3} solution. - Abstract: A novel thiosemicarbazide modified adsorbent (PAN{sub MW}–TSC) based on polyacrylonitrile fiber was successfully synthesized under microwave irradiation, which was applied for the uptake of Cd(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solution subsequently. Microwave irradiation method is a new approach to achieve the modification and it turns out that just a 30 min process is enough for the anchoring of functional groups in the fiber matrix. The surface characterization was performed by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT–IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) elemental analysis (EA) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), indicating that the modification was successfully accomplished. Batch adsorption experiments including equilibrium isotherms, kinetics and the effects of pH and temperature on the adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) were systematically studied. Among three kinetic models, the pseudo-second-order kinetic model provides the best correlation for the process. The nonlinear resolution of the Langmuir isotherm equation has been found to show the closest fit to the equilibrium date. Thermodynamic parameters, involving △G, △H and △S were also calculated from graphical interpretation of the experimental data, which suggest that metal ions adsorption onto PAN{sub MW}–TSC fibers is spontaneous and exothermic. Regeneration of PAN{sub MW}–TSC fibers loaded with metal ions was efficiently done with 0.5 M HNO{sub 3}, by which the investigated adsorbent could be used reproductively for five times with a small decrease in sorption capacity. The feasible preparation of PAN{sub MW

  4. Polyacrylonitrile-based fiber modified with thiosemicarbazide by microwave irradiation and its adsorption behavior for Cd(II) and Pb(II)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deng, Sheng; Wang, Peng; Zhang, Guangshan; Dou, Yuan

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • Thiosemicarbazide modified fibrous adsorbents were prepared by MW irradiation. • Compared with conventional method, MW irradiation showed higher efficiency and yield. • The PAN MW –TSC fiber exhibited high adsorption capacities for Cd(II) and Pb(II). • The PAN MW –TSC fibers can be readily regenerated by 0.5 M HNO 3 solution. - Abstract: A novel thiosemicarbazide modified adsorbent (PAN MW –TSC) based on polyacrylonitrile fiber was successfully synthesized under microwave irradiation, which was applied for the uptake of Cd(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solution subsequently. Microwave irradiation method is a new approach to achieve the modification and it turns out that just a 30 min process is enough for the anchoring of functional groups in the fiber matrix. The surface characterization was performed by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT–IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) elemental analysis (EA) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), indicating that the modification was successfully accomplished. Batch adsorption experiments including equilibrium isotherms, kinetics and the effects of pH and temperature on the adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) were systematically studied. Among three kinetic models, the pseudo-second-order kinetic model provides the best correlation for the process. The nonlinear resolution of the Langmuir isotherm equation has been found to show the closest fit to the equilibrium date. Thermodynamic parameters, involving △G, △H and △S were also calculated from graphical interpretation of the experimental data, which suggest that metal ions adsorption onto PAN MW –TSC fibers is spontaneous and exothermic. Regeneration of PAN MW –TSC fibers loaded with metal ions was efficiently done with 0.5 M HNO 3 , by which the investigated adsorbent could be used reproductively for five times with a small decrease in sorption capacity. The feasible preparation of PAN MW –TSC fibers with high adsorption

  5. Studies on coordination and addition compounds and anti microbial activity of some mixed ligand complexes of Au(III), Mo(II), Co(II) and Cd(II) with dibasic acid and heterocyclic amines and addition compounds of As(III) and Sb(III) halides with benzamide and acetophenon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hossain, M.; Sultana, C.; Saidul Islam, M.; Zakaria, C.M.

    2008-06-01

    Three new mixed ligand complexes of Au(III) and Mo(II) with dibasic acid e.g., homophthalic acid, oxalic acid and heterocylic amines e.g., quinonine, iso-quinonine, bipyridine, Phenylanaline and the two new addition compounds of As(III) and Sb(III) halides with N-donor ligands viz. benzamide and acetophenone and one complex [Cd(DPH)(IQ) 2 ], where IQ = Iso-quinoline and DPH = Deprotonated phthalic acid have been prepared according to the procedure in the literature. Their conventional physical and chemical analyses have been done. Their antibacterial studies against nine gram positive and five gram negative pathogenic bacteria and antifungal activities against eight plant and three human fungi have been evaluated. Kanamycin and Nystatin have been used as a standard for carrying out experiments of antibacterial and antifungal activities, respectively. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of these compounds, as antibiotic against two gram positive and two gram negative pathogenic bacteria, have also been carried out and in this case, Amoxacilin antibiotic has been used as a standard antibiotic. (author)

  6. Synthetic, structural, electrochemical and solvent extraction studies of neutral trinuclear Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) metallocycles and tetrahedral tetranuclear Fe(III) species incorporating 1,4-aryl-linked bis-beta-diketonato ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clegg, Jack K; Bray, David J; Gloe, Kerstin; Gloe, Karsten; Jolliffe, Katrina A; Lawrance, Geoffrey A; Lindoy, Leonard F; Meehan, George V; Wenzel, Marco

    2008-03-14

    Uncharged complexes, formulated as trimeric metallocycles of type [M3(L(1))3(Py)6] (where M = cobalt(II), nickel(II) and zinc(II) and L(1) is the doubly deprotonated form of a 1,4-phenylene linked bis-beta-diketone ligand of type 1,4-bis(RC(O)CH2C(O))C6H4 (R = t-Bu)) have been synthesised, adding to related, previously reported complexes of these metals with L(1) (R = Ph) and copper(ii) with L(1) (R = Me, Et, Pr, t-Bu, Ph). New lipophilic ligand derivatives with R = hexyl, octyl or nonyl were also prepared for use in solvent extraction experiments. The X-ray structures of H2L(1) (R = t-Bu) and of its trinuclear (triangular) nickel(II) complex [Ni3(L(1))3(Py)6].3.5Py (R = t-Bu) are also presented. Electrochemical studies of H2L(1), [Co3(L(1))3(Py)6], [Ni3(L(1))3(Py)6], [Cu3(L(1))3], [Zn3(L(1))3(Py)6] and [Fe4(L(1))6] (all with R = t-Bu) show that oxidative processes for the complexes are predominantly irreversible, but several examples of quasireversible behaviour also occur and support the assignment of an anodic process, seen between +1.0 and +1.6 V, as involving metal-centred oxidations. The reduction behaviour for the respective metal complexes is not simple, being irreversible in most cases. Solvent extraction studies (water/chloroform) involving the systematic variation of the metal, bis-beta-diketone and heterocyclic base concentrations have been performed for cobalt(II) and zinc(II) using a radiotracer technique in order to probe the stoichiometries of the respective extracted species. Significant extraction synergism was observed when 4-ethylpyridine was also present with the bis-beta-diketone ligand in the chloroform phase. Competitive extraction studies demonstrated a clear uptake preference for copper(II) over cobalt(II), nickel(II), zinc(II) and cadmium(II).

  7. Arabidopsis cpFtsY mutants exhibit pleiotropic defects including an inability to increase iron deficiency-inducible root Fe(III) chelate reductase activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durrett, Timothy P; Connolly, Erin L; Rogers, Elizabeth E

    2006-08-01

    All plants, except for the grasses, must reduce Fe(III) to Fe(II) in order to acquire iron. In Arabidopsis, the enzyme responsible for this reductase activity in the roots is encoded by FRO2. Two Arabidopsis mutants, frd4-1 and frd4-2, were isolated in a screen for plants that do not induce Fe(III) chelate reductase activity in their roots in response to iron deficiency. frd4 mutant plants are chlorotic and grow more slowly than wild-type Col-0 plants. Additionally, frd4 chloroplasts are smaller in size and possess dramatically fewer thylakoid membranes and grana stacks when compared with wild-type chloroplasts. frd4 mutant plants express both FRO2 and IRT1 mRNA normally in their roots under iron deficiency, arguing against any defects in systemic iron-deficiency signaling. Further, transgenic frd4 plants accumulate FRO2-dHA fusion protein under iron-deficient conditions, suggesting that the frd4 mutation acts post-translationally in reducing Fe(III) chelate reductase activity. FRO2-dHA appears to localize to the plasma membrane of root epidermal cells in both Col-0 and frd4-1 transgenic plants when grown under iron-deficient conditions. Map-based cloning revealed that the frd4 mutations reside in cpFtsY, which encodes a component of one of the pathways responsible for the insertion of proteins into the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast. The presence of cpFtsY mRNA and protein in the roots of wild-type plants suggests additional roles for this protein, in addition to its known function in targeting proteins to the thylakoid membrane in chloroplasts.

  8. Synthesis of Novel Polymeric Resins by Gamma Irradiation for Separation of In(III) ions from Cd(II) in Aqueous Media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Massoud, A.; Abou El-Nour, F.; Killa, H.

    2012-01-01

    In this work, Zn(II)polymethacrylates and poly(acrylamide-acrylic acid) were prepared by gamma irradiation polymerization technique of the corresponding monomer at 30 kGy. The polymeric resins were mixed with Indium ions to determine its capacity in aqueous solutions using batch experiment. The adsorption efficiency of obtained polymeric resins toward In(III) and Cd(II) in different experimental conditions was established. Batch and column methods were applied for separation of indium and cadmium. The effects of various eluants such as H 2 SO 4 , NH 4 NO 3 , HNO 3 and HCl on the recovery of both metal ions were studied. The polymeric resins may be regenerated using 3M HCl solutions.

  9. Synthesis, characterization and anti-proliferative activity of Cd(II) complexes with NNN type pyrazole-based ligand and pseudohalide ligands as coligand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopa, Cigdem; Yildirim, Hatice; Kara, Hulya; Kurtaran, Raif; Alkan, Mahir

    2014-03-01

    Cd(II) complexes of tridentate nitrogen donor ligand, 2,6-bis(3,4,5-trimethylpyrazolyl)pyridine (btmpp), Cd(btmpp)X2 (X:Cl, ONO or N(CN)2) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental and spectral (FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV-Vis) analyses, differential thermal analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The molecular structure of reported complex 1, revealed distorted square-pyramidal geometry around Cadmium. Complexes 1-3 and corresponding ligand were tested for cytotoxic activity against the human carcinoma cell lines HEP3B (hepatocellular carcinoma), PC3 (prostate adenocarcinoma), MCF7 (breast adenocarcinoma) and Saos2 (osteosarcoma). The results show that, complexes are more cytotoxic than the free ligand and complex 2 is the most cytotoxic complex for PC3.

  10. Cd(II) and Zn(II) Complexes Containing N,N'-Bidentate N-(Pyridin-2-ylmethylene)cyclopentanamine: Synthesis, Characterisation and Methyl Methacrylate Polymerisation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Yu Jin; Lee, Ha Jun; Lee, Hyo Sun [Kyungpook National University, Daeju (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-09-15

    The reaction between [CdBr{sub 2}·4H{sub 2}O] and anhydrous [ZnCl{sub 2}] with N,N'-bidentate N-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)- cyclopentanamine (impy) in ethanol yields dimeric [(impy)Cd(μ-Br)Br]2 and monomeric [(impy)ZnCl{sub 2}] complexes, respectively. The X-ray crystal structure of Cd(II) and Zn(II) complexes revealed that the cadmium atom in [(impy)Cd(μ-Br)Br]2 and zinc in [(impy)ZnCl{sub 2}] formed a distorted trigonal–bipyramidal and tetrahedral geometry, respectively. Both complexes showed moderate catalytic activity for the polymerisation of methyl methacrylate (MMA) in the presence of modified methylaluminoxane (MMAO), with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) syndiotacticity of about 0.70.

  11. Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of a new one-dimensional iron phosphite, $[fe^{III}(1,10-phenanthroline)(HPO_{3})(H_{2}PO_{3})]$

    OpenAIRE

    Mandal, Sukhendu; Green, Mark A; Natarajan, Srinivasan

    2005-01-01

    A new iron phosphite, $[fe^{III}(1,10-phenanthroline)(HPO_{3})(H_{2}PO_{3})]$,1, has been synthesized hydrothermally from a mixture containing iron powder, phosphorous acid, 1,10-phenanthroline and water at 125 degrees C for 7 days. The structure consists of an edge-shared four-membered rings formed by the connectivity between $FeO_{4}N_{2}$ octahedra and pseudo pyramidal $HPO_{3}$ units, connected through their edges forming a one-dimensional structure. The 1,10-phenanthroline molecules and ...

  12. Direct Involvement of ombB, omaB and omcB Genes in Extracellular Reduction of Fe(III by Geobacter sulfurreducens PCA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yimo eLiu

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The tandem gene clusters orfR-ombB-omaB-omcB and orfS-ombC-omaC-omcC of the metal-reducing bacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens PCA are responsible for trans-outer membrane electron transfer during extracellular reduction of Fe(III-citrate and ferrihydrite [a poorly crystalline Fe(III oxide]. Each gene cluster encodes a putative transcriptional factor (OrfR/OrfS, a porin-like outer-membrane protein (OmbB/OmbC, a periplasmic c-type cytochrome (c-Cyt, OmaB/OmaC and an outer-membrane c-Cyt (OmcB/OmcC. The individual roles of OmbB, OmaB and OmcB in extracellular reduction of Fe(III, however, have remained either uninvestigated or controversial. Here, we showed that replacements of ombB, omaB, omcB and ombB-omaB with an antibiotic gene in the presence of ombC-omaC-omcC had no impact on reduction of Fe(III-citrate by G. sulfurreducens PCA. Disruption of ombB, omaB, omcB and ombB-omaB in the absence of ombC-omaC-omcC, however, severely impaired the bacterial ability to reduce Fe(III-citrate as well as ferrihydrite. These results unequivocally demonstrate an overlapping role of ombB-omaB-omcB and ombC-omaC-omcC in extracellular Fe(III reduction by G. sulfurreducens PCA. Involvement of both ombB-omaB-omcB and ombC-omaC-omcC in extracellular Fe(III reduction reflects the importance of these trans-outer membrane protein complexes in the physiology of this bacterium. Moreover, the kinetics of Fe(III-citrate and ferrihydrite reduction by these mutants in the absence of ombC-omaC-omcC were nearly identical, which suggests that absence of any protein subunit eliminates function of OmaB/OmbB/OmcB protein complex. Finally, orfS was found to have a negative impact on the extracellular reduction of Fe(III-citrate and ferrihydrite in G. sulfurreducens PCA probably by serving as a transcriptional repressor.

  13. Role of microbial Fe(III) reduction and solution chemistry in aggregation and settling of suspended particles in the Mississippi River Delta plain, Louisiana, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaisi, Deb P.; Ji, Shanshan; Dong, Hailiang; Blake, Ruth E.; Eberl, Dennis D.; Kim, Jinwook

    2008-01-01

    River-dominated delta areas are primary sites of active biogeochemical cycling, with productivity enhanced by terrestrial inputs of nutrients. Particle aggregation in these areas primarily controls the deposition of suspended particles, yet factors that control particle aggregation and resulting sedimentation in these environments are poorly understood. This study was designed to investigate the role of microbial Fe(III) reduction and solution chemistry in aggregation of suspended particles in the Mississippi Delta. Three representative sites along the salinity gradient were selected and sediments were collected from the sediment-water interface. Based on quantitative mineralogical analyses 88–89 wt.% of all minerals in the sediments are clays, mainly smectite and illite. Consumption of SO42− and the formation of H2S and pyrite during microbial Fe(III) reduction of the non-sterile sediments by Shewanella putrefaciens CN32 in artificial pore water (APW) media suggest simultaneous sulfate and Fe(III) reduction activity. The pHPZNPC of the sediments was ≤3.5 and their zeta potentials at the sediment-water interface pH (6.9–7.3) varied from −35 to −45 mV, suggesting that both edges and faces of clay particles have negative surface charge. Therefore, high concentrations of cations in pore water are expected to be a predominant factor in particle aggregation consistent with the Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory. Experiments on aggregation of different types of sediments in the same APW composition revealed that the sediment with low zeta potential had a high rate of aggregation. Similarly, addition of external Fe(II) (i.e. not derived from sediments) was normally found to enhance particle aggregation and deposition in all sediments, probably resulting from a decrease in surface potential of particles due to specific Fe(II) sorption. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM, TEM) images showed predominant face-to-face clay aggregation in

  14. Propiedades de los iones Fe(II) y Fe(III) en disolución. Reacciones con reactivos generales y especiales. Ensayos de identificación.

    OpenAIRE

    Milla González, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    Se muestran las características analíticas de los cationes Fe(II) y Fe(III) en disolución presentando las reacciones químicas de los mismos frente a los reactivos generales y a los reactivos especiales. Estas reacciones van acompañadas de fotos que permiten apreciar los cambios de colores de las disoluciones y precipitados que aparecen en la disolución de ensayo. La descriptiva finaliza con pruebas de identificación de cada ión en ausencia de especies interferentes.

  15. Synthesis, spectral characterization and catalytic activity of Co(II) complexes of drugs: Crystal structure of Co(II)-trimethoprim complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhupriya, Selvaraj; Elango, Kuppanagounder P.

    2014-01-01

    New Co(II) complexes with drugs such as trimethoprim (TMP), cimetidine (CTD), niacinamide (NAM) and ofloxacin (OFL) as ligands were synthesized. The complexes were characterized by analytical analysis, various spectral techniques such as FT-IR, UV-Vis, magnetic measurements and molar conductivity. The magnetic susceptibility results coupled with the electronic spectra suggested a tetrahedral geometry for the complexes. The coordination mode of trimethoprim ligand and geometry of the complex were confirmed by single crystal X-ray studies. In this complex the metal ion possesses a tetrahedral geometry with two nitrogen atom from two TMP ligands and two chloride ions coordinated to it. The catalytic activity of the complexes in aryl-aryl coupling reaction was screened and the results indicated that among the four complexes [Co(OFL)Cl(H2O)] exhibited excellent catalytic activity.

  16. Cu(II) and Co(II) complexes of benzimidazole derivative: Structures, catecholase like activities and interaction studies with hydrogen peroxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumari, Babli; Adhikari, Sangita; Matalobos, Jesús Sanmartín; Das, Debasis

    2018-01-01

    Present study describes the synthesis and single crystal X-ray structures of two metal complexes of benzimidazole derivative (PBI), viz. the Cu(II) complex, [Cu(PBI)2(NCS)]ClO4 (1) and a Co(II) complex, [Co(PBI)2(NCS)1.75Cl0.25] (2). The Cu(II) complex (1) shows catecholase like activity having Kcat = 1.84 × 104 h-1. Moreover, interactions of the complexes with hydrogen peroxide have been investigated using fluorescence spectroscopy. The interaction constant of 1 and 2 for H2O2 are 6.67 × 102 M-1 and 1.049 × 103 M-1 while their detection limits for H2O2 are 3.37 × 10-7 M and 2.46 × 10-7 M respectively.

  17. Synthesis, Spectral and Antimicrobial Studies of Some Co(II, Ni(II and Cu(II Complexes Containing 2-Thiophenecarboxaldehyde Moiety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. P. Mishra

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Some new Schiff base metal complexes of Co(II, Ni(II and Cu(II derived from 3-chloro-4-fluoroaniline (HL1 and 4-fluoroaniline (HL2 with 2-thiophenecarboxaldehyde have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, FAB-mass, molar conductance, electronic spectra, ESR and magnetic susceptibility. The complexes exhibit coordination number 4 or 6. The complexes are colored and stable in air. Analytical data revealed that all the complexes exhibited 1:2 (metal: ligand ratio. FAB-mass data show degradation pattern of the complexes. The Schiff base and metal complexes show a good activity against the bacteria; B. subtilis, E. coli and S. aureus and fungi A. niger, A. flavus and C. albicans. The antimicrobial results also indicate that the metal complexes are better antimicrobial agents as compared to the Schiff bases.

  18. Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate Catalyzed by Co(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) Complexes Bearing N-Methyl-N-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl) cyclohexanamine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, Seoung Hyun; Lee, Hyosun [Kyungpook National University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Jongwon [POSTECH, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Nayab, Saira [Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Sheringal (Pakistan)

    2016-05-15

    We demonstrated the synthesis and characterization of Co(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) complexes ligated to N-methyl-N-((pyridin-2-yl)methyl)cyclohexanamine. The complex [Co(nmpc)Cl{sub 2}] in the presence of MMAO showed the highest catalytic activity for MMA polymerization at 60 °C compared with its Zn(II) and Cu(II) analogs. The metal center showed an obvious influence on the catalytic activity, although this appeared to have no effect on the stereo-regularity of the resultant PMMA. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that [Co(nmpc)Cl{sub 2}] and [Zn(nmpc)Cl{sub 2}] crystallized in the monoclinic system with space group P2{sub 1}/c and existed as monomeric and solvent-free complexes.

  19. Extraction of Eu(III) and Co(II) by dihexyl N,N-diethyl carbamoyl methyl phosphonate (DHDECMP) and thenoyl trifluoroacetone (HTTA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Someda, H.H.; El-Zahhar, A.A.; Shehata, M.K.; El-Naggar, H.A.

    2001-01-01

    The extraction of Eu(III) has been carried out from nitrate solution using DHDECMP. Different parameters affecting the distribution of metal ion have been studied. The distribution of Eu(III) was found to be first order dependent on pH and second order with respect to [DHDECMP]. DHDECMP showed high stability towards γ-radiation dose up to 26.5 megarad. The extraction of Co(II) by either DHDECMP or HTTA from acetate solution showed that it is second order dependent on both the extractant concentration and the pH. Based on the data of the distribution ratio obtained and the calculated thermodynamic parameters; reaction mechanisms are suggested. (author)

  20. Preparation of biosorbents from the Jatoba (Hymenaea courbaril) fruit shell for removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) from aqueous solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Isis P A F; Cazetta, André L; Pezoti, Osvaldo; Almeida, Vitor C

    2017-11-12

    In this study, the biosorption properties of Jatoba (Hymenaea courbaril) fruit shell for removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions, and its potential as a low-cost biosorbent for water treatment, were investigated. The Jatoba fruit shell (JB in ) was subjected to different treatments with heated water (JB H2O ) and sodium hydroxide (JB NaOH ) to modify its surfaces and improve its adsorption properties. The chemical modification of the surfaces of the resulting materials was confirmed by analyzing the compositions and structural features of the raw material and the chemically treated materials using SEM, FTIR, 13 C NMR, and pH pzc . The ability of the biosorbents to remove the metal ions was investigated with batch adsorption procedures. The adsorption data were then examined in detail by applying adsorption models of Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich. The results showed that the experimental data were best described by the Langmuir model for the Pb-JB in and Cd-JB NaOH systems, the Freundlich model for the Pb-JB H2O and Pb-JB NaOH systems, and the Dubinin-Radushkevich model for Cd-JB in and Cd-JB H2O systems. The maximum adsorption capacities of JB NaOH obtained using the Langmuir model reached values of 30.27 and 48.75 mg g -1 for Cd(II) and Pb(II), respectively. The adsorption kinetic studies showed that the pseudo-second-order model was the best fitted to the experimental data, and adsorptions for Pb-JB H2O and Cd-JB H2O are controlled by intraparticle diffusion mechanism.

  1. Removal of Pb(II), Cd(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) by hematite nanoparticles: effect of sorbent concentration, pH, temperature, and exhaustion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shipley, Heather J; Engates, Karen E; Grover, Valerie A

    2013-03-01

    Nanoparticles offer the potential to improve environmental treatment technologies due to their unique properties. Adsorption of metal ions (Pb(II), Cd(II), Cu(II), Zn(II)) to nanohematite was examined as a function of sorbent concentration, pH, temperature, and exhaustion. Adsorption experiments were conducted with 0.05, 0.1, and 0.5 g/L nanoparticles in a pH 8 solution and in spiked San Antonio tap water. The adsorption data showed the ability of nanohematite to remove Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn species from solution with adsorption increasing as the nanoparticle concentration increased. At 0.5 g/L nanohematite, 100 % Pb species adsorbed, 94 % Cd species adsorbed, 89 % Cu species adsorbed and 100 % Zn species adsorbed. Adsorption kinetics for all metals tested was described by a pseudo second-order rate equation with lead having the fastest rate of adsorption. The effect of temperature on adsorption showed that Pb(II), Cu(II), and Cd(II) underwent an endothermic reaction, while Zn(II) underwent an exothermic reaction. The nanoparticles were able to simultaneously remove multiple metals species (Zn, Cd, Pb, and Cu) from both a pH 8 solution and spiked San Antonio tap water. Exhaustion experiments showed that at pH 8, exhaustion did not occur for the nanoparticles but adsorption does decrease for Cd, Cu, and Zn species but not Pb species. The strong adsorption coupled with the ability to simultaneously remove multiple metal ions offers a potential remediation method for the removal of metals from water.

  2. Polyacrylonitrile-based fiber modified with thiosemicarbazide by microwave irradiation and its adsorption behavior for Cd(II) and Pb(II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Sheng; Wang, Peng; Zhang, Guangshan; Dou, Yuan

    2016-04-15

    A novel thiosemicarbazide modified adsorbent (PAN(MW)-TSC) based on polyacrylonitrile fiber was successfully synthesized under microwave irradiation, which was applied for the uptake of Cd(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solution subsequently. Microwave irradiation method is a new approach to achieve the modification and it turns out that just a 30min process is enough for the anchoring of functional groups in the fiber matrix. The surface characterization was performed by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) elemental analysis (EA) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), indicating that the modification was successfully accomplished. Batch adsorption experiments including equilibrium isotherms, kinetics and the effects of pH and temperature on the adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) were systematically studied. Among three kinetic models, the pseudo-second-order kinetic model provides the best correlation for the process. The nonlinear resolution of the Langmuir isotherm equation has been found to show the closest fit to the equilibrium date. Thermodynamic parameters, involving △G, △H and △S were also calculated from graphical interpretation of the experimental data, which suggest that metal ions adsorption onto PAN(MW)-TSC fibers is spontaneous and exothermic. Regeneration of PAN(MW)-TSC fibers loaded with metal ions was efficiently done with 0.5M HNO3, by which the investigated adsorbent could be used reproductively for five times with a small decrease in sorption capacity. The feasible preparation of PAN(MW)-TSC fibers with high adsorption capacities opens a new perspective in the potential application for wastewater treatment. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  3. Study of the kinetics of the transport of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions through a liquid membrane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granado-Castro, María D; Galindo-Riaño, María D; Domínguez-Lledó, F C; Díaz-López, C; García-Vargas, M

    2008-06-01

    The coupled transport of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions through a bulk liquid membrane (BLM) containing pyridine-2-acetaldehyde benzoylhydrazone (2-APBH) as carrier dissolved in toluene has been studied. Once the optimal conditions of extraction of each metal were established, a comparative study of the transport kinetics for these metals was performed by means of a kinetic model involving two consecutive irreversible first-order reactions. The kinetic parameters (apparent rate constants of the metal extraction and re-extraction reactions (k(1), k(2)), the maximum reduced concentration of the metal in the liquid membrane (R(o)max), the time of the maximum value of R(o)(t(max)) and the maximum entry and exit fluxes of the metal through the liquid membrane (J(f)max and J(s)max) of the extraction and stripping reactions were evaluated and results showed good agreement between experimental data and theoretical predictions. Complete transport through the membrane took place according to the following order: Cd(II)>Cu(II)>Ni(II), with similar kinetic parameters obtained for Cu(II) and Cd(III). The transport behaviour of Ni(II) was different to that of Cu(II) and Cd(III), probably due to the different stoichiometry of the nickel complex compared to those of the other metal ions and the different chemical conditions required for its formation. The influence of the sample salinity on the transport kinetics was studied. k(1) values decreased slightly when the feed solution salinity was increased for Cu(II) and Ni(II), but not for Cd(II). Values of k(2) were practically unaffected. The proposed BLM was applied to the preconcentration and separation of metal ions (prior to their determination) in water samples with different saline matrices (CRM, river water and seawater), and good agreement with the certified values was obtained.

  4. Two-dimensional Zn(II) and one-dimensional Co(II) coordination polymers based on benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate and pyridine ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Li-Juan; Han, Chang-Bao; Wang, Yu-Ling

    2016-02-01

    Coordination polymers constructed from metal ions and organic ligands have attracted considerable attention owing to their diverse structural topologies and potential applications. Ligands containing carboxylate groups are among the most extensively studied because of their versatile coordination modes. Reactions of benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid (H2BDC) and pyridine (py) with Zn(II) or Co(II) yielded two new coordination polymers, namely, poly[(μ4-benzene-1,4-dicarboxylato-κ(4)O:O':O'':O''')(pyridine-κN)zinc(II)], [Zn(C8H4O2)(C5H5N)]n, (I), and catena-poly[aqua(μ3-benzene-1,4-dicarboxylato-κ(3)O:O':O'')bis(pyridine-κN)cobalt(II)], [Co(C8H4O2)(C5H5N)2(H2O)]n, (II). In compound (I), the Zn(II) cation is five-coordinated by four carboxylate O atoms from four BDC(2-) ligands and one pyridine N atom in a distorted square-pyramidal coordination geometry. Four carboxylate groups bridge two Zn(II) ions to form centrosymmetric paddle-wheel-like Zn2(μ2-COO)4 units, which are linked by the benzene rings of the BDC(2-) ligands to generate a two-dimensional layered structure. The two-dimensional layer is extended into a three-dimensional supramolecular structure with the help of π-π stacking interactions between the aromatic rings. Compound (II) has a one-dimensional double-chain structure based on Co2(μ2-COO)2 units. The Co(II) cations are bridged by BDC(2-) ligands and are octahedrally coordinated by three carboxylate O atoms from three BDC(2-) ligands, one water O atom and two pyridine N atoms. Interchain O-H...O hydrogen-bonding interactions link these chains to form a three-dimensional supramolecular architecture.

  5. Synthesis, characterization, equilibrium study and biological activity of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes of polydentate Schiff base ligand

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Sherif, Ahmed A.; Shehata, Mohamed R.; Shoukry, Mohamed M.; Barakat, Mohammad H.

    2012-10-01

    Schiff base ligand, 1,4-bis[(2-hydroxybenzaldehyde)propyl]piperazine (BHPP), and its Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) metal complexes were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductance and spectral (IR and UV-vis) studies. The ground state of BHPP ligand was investigated using the BUILDER module of MOE. Metal complexes are formed in the 1:1 (M:L) ratio as found from the elemental analysis and found to have the general formula [ML]·nH2O, where M = Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II), L = BHPP. In all the studied complexes, the (BHPP) ligand behaves as a hexadentate divalent anion with coordination involving the two azomethine nitrogen's, the two nitrogen atoms of piperazine ring and the two deprotonated phenolic OH-groups. The magnetic and spectral data indicates octahedral geometry of metal(II) complexes. The ligand and their metal chelates have been screened for their antimicrobial activities using the disc diffusion method against the selected bacteria and fungi. They were found to be more active against Gram-positive than Gram-negative bacteria. Protonation constants of (BHPP) ligand and stability constants of its Cu2+, Co2+ and Ni2+ complexes were determined by potentiometric titration method in 50% DMSO-water solution at ionic strength of 0.1 M sodium nitrate. It has been observed that the protonated Schiff base ligand (BHPP) have four protonation constants. The divalent metal ions Cu2+, Ni2+ and Co2+ form 1:1 complexes.

  6. Electron transfer and atom exchange between aqueous Fe(II) and structural Fe(III) in clays. Role in U and Hg(II) transformations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scherer, Michelle [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)

    2016-08-31

    During this project, we investigated Fe electron transfer and atom exchange between aqueous Fe(II) and structural Fe(III) in clay minerals. We used selective chemical extractions, enriched Fe isotope tracer experiments, computational molecular modeling, and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Our findings indicate that structural Fe(III) in clay minerals is reduced by aqueous Fe(II) and that electron transfer occurs when Fe(II) is sorbed to either basal planes and edge OH-groups of clay mineral. Findings from highly enriched isotope experiments suggest that up to 30 % of the Fe atoms in the structure of some clay minerals exhanges with aqueous Fe(II). First principles calculations using a small polaron hopping approach suggest surprisingly fast electron mobility at room temperature in a nontronite clay mineral and are consistent with temperature dependent Mössbauer data Fast electron mobility suggests that electrons may be able to conduct through the mineral fast enough to enable exchange of Fe between the aqueous phase and clay mineral structure. over the time periods we observed. Our findings suggest that Fe in clay minerals is not as stable as previously thought.

  7. INVESTIGATION OF THE TRANSFORMATION OF URANIUM UNDER IRON-REDUCING CONDITIONS: REDUCTION OF UVI BY BIOGENIC FEII/FEIII HYDROXIDE (GREEN RUST)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    O'Loughlin, Edward J.; Scherer, Michelle M.; Kemner, Kenneth M.

    2006-01-01

    The recent identification of green rusts (GRs) as products of the reduction of FeIII oxyhydroxides by dissimilatory iron-reducing bacteria, coupled with the ability of synthetic (GR) to reduce UVI species to insoluble UO2, suggests that biogenic green rusts (BioGRs) may play an important role in the speciation (and thus mobility) of U in FeIII-reducing environments. The objective of our research was to examine the potential for BioGR to affect the speciation of U under FeIII-reducing conditions. To meet this objective, we designed and executed a hypothesis-driven experimental program to identify key factors leading to the formation of BioGRs as products of dissimilatory FeIII reduction, to determine the key factors controlling the reduction of UVI to UIV by GRs, and to identify the resulting U-bearing mineral phases. The results of this research significantly increase our understanding of the coupling of biotic and abiotic processes with respect to the speciation of U in iron-reducing environments. In particular, the reduction of UVI to UIV by BioGR with the subsequent formation of U-bearing mineral phases may be effective for immobilizing U in suboxic subsurface environments. This information has direct applications to contaminant transport modeling and bioremediation engineering for natural or enhanced in situ remediation of subsurface contamination

  8. Detoxification of Pesticide-Containing Wastewater with FeIII, Activated Carbon and Fenton Reagent and Its Control Using Three Standardized Bacterial Inhibition Tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduard Rott

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Discharge of toxic industrial wastewaters into biological wastewater treatment plants may result in inhibition of activated sludge bacteria (ASB. In order to find an appropriate method of detoxification, the wastewater of a pesticide-processing plant in Vietnam was treated with three different methods (FeIII, powdered activated carbon (PAC, Fenton (FeII/H2O2 analyzing the detoxification effect with the nitrification inhibition test (NIT, respiration inhibition test (RIT and luminescent bacteria test (LBT. The heterotrophic ASB were much more resistant to the wastewater than the autotrophic nitrificants. The NIT turned out to be more suitable than the RIT since the NIT was less time-consuming and more reliable. In addition, the marine Aliivibrio fischeri were more sensitive than the nitrificants indicating that a lack of inhibition in the very practical and time-efficient LBT correlates with a lack of nitrification inhibition. With 95%, the Fenton method showed the highest efficiency regarding the chemical oxygen demand (COD removal. Although similar COD removal (60–65% was found for both the FeIII and the PAC method, the inhibitory effect of the wastewater was reduced much more strongly with PAC. Both the NIT and the LBT showed that the PAC and Fenton methods led to a similar reduction in the inhibitory effect.

  9. New Mn(II, Ni(II, Cd(II, Pb(II complexes with 2-methylbenzimidazole and other ligands. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, crystal structure, magnetic susceptibility and biological activity studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shayma A. Shaker

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Synthesis and characterization of Mn(II, Ni(II, Cd(II and Pb(II mixed ligand complexes of 2-methylbenzimidazole with other ligands have been reported. The structure of the ligands and their complexes was investigated using elemental analysis, IR, UV–Vis, (1H, 13C NMR spectroscopy, molar conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements. In all the studies of complexes, the 2-methylbenzimidazole behaves as a neutral monodentate ligand which is coordinated with the metal ions through the N atom. While benzotriazole behaves as a neutral bidentate ligand which is coordinated with the Ni(II ion through the two N atoms. Moreover, the N-acetylglycine behaves as a bidentate ligand which is coordinated with the Mn(II, Ni(II and Pb(II ions through the N atom and the terminal carboxyl oxygen atom. The magnetic and spectral data indicate the tetrahedral geometry for Mn(II complex, irregular tetrahedral geometry for Pb(II complex and octahedral geometry for Ni(II complex. The X-ray single crystal diffraction method was used to confirm a centrosymmetric dinuclear Cd(II complex as each two metal ions are linked by a pair of thiocyanate N = S bridge. Two 2-methylbenzimidazole N-atom donors and one terminal thiocyanate N atom complete a highly distorted square pyramid geometry around the Cd atom. Besides, different cell types were used to determine the inhibitory effect of Mn(II, Ni(II, Cd(II and Pb(II complexes on cell growth using MTT assay. Cd(II complex showed cytotoxic effect on various types of cancer cell lines with different EC50 values.

  10. A three-dimensional CdII coordination polymer constructed from 1,1'-biphenyl-2,2',5,5'-tetracarboxylate and 1,4-bis(1H-imidazol-1-yl)benzene ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Feng; Lu, Li-Ping

    2015-07-01

    The title coordination polymer, poly[[aqua(μ5-1,1'-biphenyl-2,2',5,5'-tetracarboxylato)bis[μ2-1,4-bis(1H-imidazol-1-yl)benzene]dicadmium(II)] dihydrate], {[Cd2(C16H6O8)(C12H10N4)2(H2O)]·2H2O}n, was crystallized from a mixture of 1,1'-biphenyl-2,2',5,5'-tetracarboxylic acid (H4bpta), 1,4-bis(1H-imidazol-1-yl)benzene (1,4-bib) and cadmium nitrate in water-dimethylformamide. The crystal structure consists of two crystallographically independent Cd(II) cations, with one of the Cd(II) cations possessing a slightly distorted pentagonal bipyramidal geometry. The second Cd(II) centre is coordinated by carboxylate O atoms and imidazole N atoms from two separate 1,4-bib ligands, displaying a distorted octahedral CdN2O4 geometry. The completely deprotonated bpta(4-) ligand, exhibiting a new coordination mode, bridges five Cd(II) cations to form one-dimensional chains via μ3-η(1):η(2):η(1):η(2) and μ2-η(1):η(1):η(0):η(0) modes, and these are further linked by 1,4-bib ligands to form a three-dimensional framework with a (4(2).6(4))(4.6(2))(4(3).6(5).7(2)) topology. The structure of the coordination polymer is reinforced by intermolecular hydrogen bonding between carboxylate O atoms, aqua ligands and crystallization water molecules. The solid-state photoluminescence properties were investigated and the complex might be a candidate for a thermally stable and solvent-resistant blue fluorescent material.

  11. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, molecular modeling and antimicrobial activities of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) complexes containing the tetradentate aza Schiff base ligand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandra, Sulekh; Ruchi

    2013-02-01

    Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) complexes with a tetradentate macrocyclic ligand [1.2.5.6tetraoxo-3,4,7,8tetraaza-(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8)tetrabenzene(L)] were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance measurements, mass, nmr, i.r., electronic and e.p.r. spectral studies. All the complexes are non electrolytes in nature and may be formulated as [M(L)X2] [where, M = Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and X = Cl-, CH3COO-]. On the basis of i.r., electronic and e.p.r. spectral studies a distorted octahedral geometry has been assigned for all complexes. The antimicrobial activities and LD50 values of the ligand and its complexes, as growth inhibiting agents, have been screened in vitro against two different species of bacteria and plant pathogenic fungi.

  12. Synthesis and X-ray structure analysis of a new binuclear Schiff base Co(II) complex with the ligand N,N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-butanediamine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nasr-Esfahani, M., E-mail: m-nasresfahani@iaun.ac.ir [Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch, Department of Materials Science and Engineering (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2009-12-15

    The title binuclear complex, tris[N,N-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane] dicobalt(II), C{sub 60}H{sub 70}Co{sub 2}N{sub 6}O{sub 15}, was prepared by the reaction of the tetradentate Schiff base ligand bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane and Co(CH{sub 3}COO){sub 2} . 4H{sub 2}O in a ethanol solution and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. This complex has a dinuclear structure where two Co(II) ions are bridged by one N{sup 0},N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane. The two Co(II) ions, have two distorted octahedral coordination involving two O and two N atoms.

  13. A series of Cd(II) complexes with π-π stacking and hydrogen bonding interactions: Structural diversities by varying the ligands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Xiuli; Zhang Jinxia; Liu Guocheng; Lin Hongyan

    2011-01-01

    Seven new Cd(II) complexes consisting of different phenanthroline derivatives and organic acid ligands, formulated as [Cd(PIP) 2 (dnba) 2 ] (1), [Cd(PIP)(ox)].H 2 O (2), [Cd(PIP)(1,4-bdc)(H 2 O)].4H 2 O (3), [Cd(3-PIP) 2 (H 2 O) 2 ].4H 2 O (4), [Cd 2 (3-PIP) 4 (4,4'-bpdc)(H 2 O) 2 ].5H 2 O (5), [Cd(3-PIP)(nip)(H 2 O)].H 2 O (6), [Cd 2 (TIP) 4 (4,4'-bpdc)(H 2 O) 2 ].3H 2 O (7) (PIP=2-phenylimidazo[4,5-f]1,10-phenanthroline, 3-PIP=2-(3-pyridyl)imidazo[4,5-f]1,10-phenanthroline, TIP=2-(2-thienyl)imidazo[4,5-f]1,10-phenanthroline, Hdnba=3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid, H 2 ox=oxalic acid, 1,4-H 2 bdc=benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid, 4,4'-H 2 bpdc=biphenyl-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid, H 2 nip=5-nitroisophthalic acid) have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Complexes 1 and 4 possess mononuclear structures; complexes 5 and 7 are isostructural and have dinuclear structures; complexes 2 and 3 feature 1D chain structures; complex 6 contains 1D double chain, which are further extended to a 3D supramolecular structure by π-π stacking and hydrogen bonding interactions. The N-donor ligands with extended π-system and organic acid ligands play a crucial role in the formation of the final supramolecular frameworks. Moreover, thermal properties and fluorescence of 1-7 are also investigated. -- Graphical abstract: Seven new supramolecular architectures have been successfully isolated under hydrothermal conditions by reactions of different phen derivatives and Cd(II) salts together with organic carboxylate anions auxiliary ligands. Display Omitted Research highlights: → Complexes 1-7 are 0D or 1D polymeric structure, the π-π stacking and H-bonding interactions extend the complexes into 3D supramolecular network. To our knowledge, systematic study on π-π stacking and H-bonding interactions in cadmium(II) complexes are still limited. → The structural differences among the title complexes indicate the importance of N-donor chelating ligands for the creation of molecular

  14. A solid phase extraction procedure for the determination of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions in food and water samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daşbaşı, Teslima; Saçmacı, Şerife; Ülgen, Ahmet; Kartal, Şenol

    2015-05-01

    A relatively rapid, accurate and precise solid phase extraction method is presented for the determination of cadmium(II) and lead(II) in various food and water samples. Quantitation is carried out by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). The method is based on the retention of the trace metal ions on Dowex Marathon C, a strong acid cation exchange resin. Some important parameters affecting the analytical performance of the method such as pH, flow rate and volume of the sample solution; type, concentration, volume, flow rate of the eluent; and matrix effects on the retention of the metal ions were investigated. Common coexisting ions did not interfere on the separation and determination of the analytes. The detection limits (3 σb) for Cd(II) and Pb(II) were found as 0.13 and 0.18 μg L(-1), respectively, while the limit of quantification values (10 σb) were computed as 0.43 and 0.60 μg L(-1) for the same sequence of the analytes. The precision (as relative standard deviation was lower than 4% at 5 μg L(-1) Cd(II) and 10 μg L(-1) Pb(II) levels, and the preconcentration factor was found to be 250. The accuracy of the proposed procedure was verified by analysing the certified reference materials, SPS-WW2 Batch 108 wastewater level 2 and INCT-TL-1 tea leaves, with the satisfactory results. In addition, for the accuracy of the method the recovery studies (⩾ 95%) were carried out. The method was applied to the determination of the analytes in the various natural waters (lake water, tap water, waste water with boric acid, waste water with H2SO4) and food samples (pomegranate flower, organic pear, radish leaf, lamb meat, etc.), and good results were obtained. While the food samples almost do not contain cadmium, they have included lead at low levels of 0.13-1.12 μg g(-1). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Isolation and characterization of the tertiary amine Alamine 304 hydrochioride. Its application on the extraction of Co(II, Au(III and Pt(IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López-Delgado, Aurora

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Amine Alamine 304 dissolved in xylene reacts with hydrochloric acid to form the amine chloride (R3NH+Cl- and the amine dichloride (R3NH2Cl2. The former compound was isolated and characterized by chemical analysis, X-ray powder diffraction, infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Lattice parameters of the isolated amine chloride were determined and refined by least-square numerical treatment (monoclinic cell, with a = 29.017(4 Å, b = 14.564(7 Å, c = 5.043(1 Å, b = 95.68(3 ° and V = 2,120 Å3. The amine chloride is a potential anion-exchanger with metals, thus data on the liquid-liquid extraction of Co(II, Au(III and Pt(IV are also reported.

    La amina Alamine 304 disuelta en xileno reacciona con el ácido clorhídrico para formar el cloruro de la amina (R3NH+Cl- y el dicloruro de amina (R3NH2Cl2. El primero de estos compuestos se aisló y caracterizó mediante análisis químico, difracción de rayos X, espectroscopia de IR y microscopía electrónica de barrido. Se determinaron y refinaron los parámetros de red del cloruro de amina (monoclínico, a = 29,017(4 Å, b = 14,564(7 Å, c = 5,043(1 Å, b = 95,68(3 ° y V = 2.120 Å3. El cloruro de amina actúa como un intercambiador aniónico con ciertos metales, por lo que se incluyen datos sobre la extracción líquido-líquido de Co(II, Au(III y Pt(IV.

  16. Solvent-Induced Change of Electronic Spectra and Magnetic Susceptibility of Co(II) Coordination Polymer with 2,4,6-Tris(4-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polunin, Ruslan A; Burkovskaya, Nataliya P; Satska, Juliya A; Kolotilov, Sergey V; Kiskin, Mikhail A; Aleksandrov, Grigory G; Cador, Olivier; Ouahab, Lahcène; Eremenko, Igor L; Pavlishchuk, Vitaly V

    2015-06-01

    One-dimensional coordination polymer [Co(Piv)2(4-ptz)(C2H5OH)2]n (compound 1, Piv(-) = pivalate, 4-ptz = 2,4,6-tris(4-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine) was synthesized by interaction of Co(II) pivalate with 4-ptz. Desolvation of 1 led to formation of [Co(Piv)2(4-ptz)]n (compound 2), which adsorbed N2 and H2 at 78 K as a typical microporous sorbent. In contrast, absorption of methanol and ethanol by 2 at 295 K led to structural transformation probably connected with coordination of these alcohols to Co(II). Formation of 2 from 1 was accompanied by change of color of sample from orange to brown and more than 2-fold decrease of molar magnetic susceptibility (χM) in the temperature range from 2 to 300 K. Resolvation of 2 by ethanol or water resulted in restoration of spectral characteristics and χM values almost to the level of that of 1. χMT versus T curves for 1 and samples, obtained by resolvation of 2 by H2O or C2H5OH, were fitted using a model for Co(II) complex with zero-field splitting of this ion.

  17. Zeolite-Y entrapped Ru(III and Fe(III complexes as heterogeneous catalysts for catalytic oxidation of cyclohexane reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chetan K. Modi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Catalysis is probably one of the greatest contributions of chemistry to both economic growth and environmental protection. Herein we report the catalytic behavior of zeolite-Y entrapped Ru(III and Fe(III complexes with general formulae [M(VTCH2·2H2O]+-Y and [M(VFCH2·2H2O]+-Y [where, VTCH = vanillin thiophene-2-carboxylic hydrazone and VFCH = vanillin furoic-2-carboxylic hydrazone] over the oxidation of cyclohexane forming cyclohexanone and cyclohexanol. The samples were corroborated by various physico-chemical techniques. These zeolite-Y based complexes are stable and recyclable under current reaction conditions. Amongst them, [Ru(VTCH2⋅2H2O]+-Y showed higher catalytic activity (41.1% with cyclohexanone (84.6% selectivity.

  18. A multifunctional three-fold interpenetrated coordination polymer showing excellent luminescent sensing for Cr(VI)/ Fe(III) and photocatalytic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Zheng; Wang, Mei; Xu, Cun-gang; Zong, Zi-ao; Zhang, Dong-mei; Bi, Shuang-yu; Fan, Yu-hua

    2017-12-01

    A three-fold interpenetrated coordination polymer [Cd2(L)(bibp)3]n (1) (H4L = 5,5‧-(1,4-phenylenebis(methoxy))diisophthalic acid, bibp = 4,4'-bis(imidazolyl)biphenyl) has been rationally constructed, successfully solvothermally synthesized and fully characterized. Complex 1 shows a 3D three-fold interpenetrated novel topological framework with the point symbol (4. 69)2(42. 62. 7. 8), and represents a variety of potential applications. Luminescence studies demonstrate that 1 has high selectivity and sensitivity for pollutant Cr(VI) (CrO42- and Cr2O72-) anion and Fe(III) cation; Photocatalytic studies show that 1 exhibits great degradation activity of three organic dyes (methylene blue (MB), Rhodamine B (RhB) and MalachiteGreen oxalate (MGO)). Furthermore, the possible mechanisms of the luminescent quench and photocatalytic properties have been deduced.

  19. Desulfovibrio frigidus sp. nov. and Desulfovibrio ferrireducens sp. nov., psychrotolerant bacteria isolated from Arctic fjord sediments (Svalbard) with the ability to reduce Fe(III)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vandieken, Verona; Knoblauch, Christian; Jørgensen, Bo Barker

    2006-01-01

    fermentation products such as hydrogen, formate and lactate with sulfate as the electron acceptor. Sulfate could be replaced by sulfite, thiosulfate or elemental sulfur. Poorly crystalline and soluble Fe(III) compounds were reduced in sulfate-free medium, but no growth occurred under these conditions....... In the absence of electron acceptors, fermentative growth was possible. The pH optimum for the strains was around 7.1. The DNA G+C contents were 43.3 and 42.0 mol% for strains 18T and 61T, respectively. Strains 18T, 61T and 77 were most closely related to Desulfovibrio hydrothermalis (95.0-95.7 % 16S rRNA gene...

  20. Speciative Determination of Dissolved Inorganic Fe(II, Fe(III and Total Fe in Natural Waters by Coupling Cloud Point Extraction with FAAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramazan GÜRKAN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A new cloud point extraction (CPE method for the preconcentration of trace iron speciation in natural waters prior to determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS was developed in the present study. In this method, Fe(II sensitively and selectively reacts with Calcon carboxylic acid (CCA in presence of cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC yielding a hydrophobic complex at pH 10.5, which is then entrapped in surfactant-rich phase. Total Fe was accurately and reliably determined after the reduction of Fe(III to Fe(II with sulfite. The amount of Fe(III in samples was determined from the difference between total Fe and Fe(II. CPC was used not only as an auxiliary ligand in CPE, but also as sensitivity enhancement agent in FAAS. The nonionic surfactant, polyethylene glycol tert-octylphenyl ether (Triton X-114 was used as an extracting agent. The analytical variables affecting CPE efficiency were investigated in detail. The preconcentration/enhancement factors of 50 and 82 respectively, were obtained for the preconcentration of Fe(II with 50 mL solution. Under the optimized conditions, the detection limit of Fe(II in linear range of 0.2-60 μg L-1 was 0.06 μg L-1. The relative standard deviation was 2.7 % (20 μg L-1, N: 5, recoveries for Fe(II were in range of 99.0-102.0% for all water samples including certified reference materials (CRMs. In order to verify its accuracy, two CRMs were analyzed and the results obtained were statistically in good agreement with the certified values.

  1. Speciative Determination of Dissolved Inorganic Fe(II), Fe(III) and Total Fe in Natural Waters by Coupling CPE with FAAS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gurkan, R.; Altunay, N.

    2013-01-01

    A new cloud point extraction (CPE) method for the preconcentration of trace iron speciation in natural waters prior to determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) was developed in the present study. In this method, Fe(II) sensitively and selectively reacts with Calcon carboxylic acid (CCA) in presence of cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) yielding a hydrophobic complex at pH 10.5, which is then entrapped in surfactant-rich phase. Total Fe was accurately and reliably determined after the reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II) with sulfite. The amount of Fe(III) in samples was determined from the difference between total Fe and Fe(II). CPC was used not only as an auxiliary ligand in CPE, but also as sensitivity enhancement agent in FAAS. The nonionic surfactant, polyethylene glycol tert-octylphenyl ether (Triton X-114) was used as an extracting agent. The analytical variables affecting CPE efficiency were investigated in detail. The preconcentration/enhancement factors of 50 and 82 respectively, were obtained for the preconcentration of Fe(II) with 50 mL solution. Under the optimized conditions, the detection limit of Fe(II) in linear range of 0.2-60 μg L/sup -1/ was 0.06 μg L/sup -1/. The relative standard deviation was 2.7 percentage (20 μg L/sup -1/, N: 5), recoveries for Fe(II) were in range of 99.0-102.0 percentage for all water samples including certified reference materials (CRMs). In order to verify its accuracy, two CRMs were analyzed and the results obtained were statistically in good agreement with the certified values. (author)

  2. Application of Zr/Ti-Pic in the adsorption process of Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) using adsorption physico-chemical models and thermodynamics of the process; Aplicacao de Zr/Ti-PILC no processo de adsorcao de Cu(II), Co(II) e Ni(II) utilizando modelos fisico-quimicos de adsorcao e termodinamica do processo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guerra, Denis Lima; Airoldi, Claudio [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica. Dept. de Quimica Inorganica]. E-mail: dlguerra@iqm.unicamp.br; Lemos, Vanda Porpino; Angelica, Romulo Simoes [Universidade Federal do Para (UFPa), Belem (Brazil); Viana, Rubia Ribeiro [Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso (UFMT), Cuiaba (Brazil). Inst. de Ciencias Exatas e da Terra. Dept. de Recursos Minerais

    2008-07-01

    The aim of this investigation is to study how Zr/Ti-Pic adsorbs metals. The physico-chemical proprieties of Zr/Ti-Pic have been optimized with pillarization processes and Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) adsorption from aqueous solution has been carried out, with maximum adsorption values of 8.85, 8.30 and 7.78 x-1 mmol g{sup -1}, respectively. The Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin adsorption isotherm models have been applied to fit the experimental data with a linear regression process. The energetic effect caused by metal interaction was determined through calorimetric titration at the solid-liquid interface and gave a net thermal effect that enabled the calculation of the exothermic values and the equilibrium constant. (author)

  3. Synthesis, magnetism and Mössbauer studies of tetranuclear heterometallic {Fe(III)2Ln2}(Ln = Gd, Dy, Tb) complexes: evidence of slow relaxation of magnetization in the terbium analogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bag, Prasenjit; Goura, Joydeb; Mereacre, Valeriu; Novitchi, Ghenadie; Powell, Annie K; Chandrasekhar, Vadapalli

    2014-11-21

    A new family of tetranuclear heterometallic assemblies, [Fe(III)2Gd2(H2L)4(η(2)-NO3)2]·2ClO4·2CH3OH·2H2O (1), [Fe(III)2Dy2(H2L)4(η(2)-NO3)2]·2ClO4·2CH3OH·2H2O (2), [Fe(III)2Tb2(H2L)4(η(2)-NO3)2]·2ClO4·2CH3OH·2H2O (3), have been synthesized employing a multi-dentate Schiff-base ligand, (E)-2,2'-(2-hydroxy-3-((2-hydroxyphenylimino)methyl)-5-methylbenzylazanediyl)-diethanol (H4L), Fe(ClO4)2·6H2O, and Ln(III) nitrate salts. These compounds have been structurally characterized by various analytical and spectroscopic techniques. The molecular structures of 1-3 have been confirmed by single crystal X-ray crystallography. All the three complexes contain two Fe(III) ions at the periphery and two Ln(III) ions in the centre. The entire assembly is held together by four doubly deprotonated [LH2](2-) ligands. All the three complexes (1-3) are dicationic in nature and possess an overall Z-type topology. Magnetic measurements reveal the presence of predominant ferromagnetic coupling for all the three compounds at low temperature. The presence of a frequency-dependent out-of-phase signal in the imaginary part of the ac susceptibility plot suggests a slow relaxation of magnetization for 3 (Fe(III)2Tb2). Furthermore, the magnetization dynamics of all the three complexes have been corroborated by Mössbauer spectroscopy.

  4. Application of dahlia-like molybdenum disulfide nanosheets for solid phase extraction of Co(II) in vegetable and water samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghagoli, Mohammad Javad; Hossein Beyki, Mostafa; Shemirani, Farzaneh

    2017-05-15

    Recently, molybdenum disulfide has been attracted considerable attention due to its unique three layered structure. Adsorption sites with abundant electron density on edges and surfaces of MoS 2 can adsorb different metal ions with no need to ligand and functionalization. In this study, dahlia-like MoS 2 nanosheets were prepared by a simple hydrothermal method and characterized using different tools such as FESEM, TEM, EDX, XRD, DLS and zeta potential measurements. Then, they were applied for solid phase extraction of Co(II) as an example of heavy metals. Different factors (the pH, adsorbent amount, contact time, type of eluent, matrix and reusability) affecting the extraction process were studied. Under optimum conditions, the relative standard deviation, adsorption capacity and limit of detection were 2.3%, 80.0mgg -1 and 0.31μgL -1 , respectively. The accuracy of the method was confirmed by analyzing the standard reference material (SRM 1640a) and spiked real samples. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. MtDNA COI-COII marker and drone congregation area: an efficient method to establish and monitor honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) conservation centres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, Bénédicte; Alburaki, Mohamed; Legout, Hélène; Moulin, Sibyle; Mougel, Florence; Garnery, Lionel

    2015-05-01

    Honeybee subspecies have been affected by human activities in Europe over the past few decades. One such example is the importation of nonlocal subspecies of bees which has had an adverse impact on the geographical repartition and subsequently on the genetic diversity of the black honeybee Apis mellifera mellifera. To restore the original diversity of this local honeybee subspecies, different conservation centres were set up in Europe. In this study, we established a black honeybee conservation centre Conservatoire de l'Abeille Noire d'Ile de France (CANIF) in the region of Ile-de-France, France. CANIF's honeybee colonies were intensively studied over a 3-year period. This study included a drone congregation area (DCA) located in the conservation centre. MtDNA COI-COII marker was used to evaluate the genetic diversity of CANIF's honeybee populations and the drones found and collected from the DCA. The same marker (mtDNA) was used to estimate the interactions and the haplotype frequency between CANIF's honeybee populations and 10 surrounding honeybee apiaries located outside of the CANIF. Our results indicate that the colonies of the conservation centre and the drones of the DCA show similar stable profiles compared to the surrounding populations with lower level of introgression. The mtDNA marker used on both DCA and colonies of the conservation centre seems to be an efficient approach to monitor and maintain the genetic diversity of the protected honeybee populations. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Micellar effect on metal-ligand complexes of Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II and Zn(II with citric acid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nageswara Rao Gollapalli

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Chemical speciation of citric acid complexes of Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II and Zn(II was investigated pH-metrically in 0.0-2.5% anionic, cationic and neutral micellar media. The primary alkalimetric data were pruned with SCPHD program. The existence of different binary species was established from modeling studies using the computer program MINIQUAD75. Alkalimetric titrations were carried out in different relative concentrations (M:L:X = 1:2:5, 1:3:5, 1:5:3 of metal (M to citric acid. The selection of best chemical models was based on statistical parameters and residual analysis. The species detected were MLH, ML2, ML2H and ML2H2. The trend in variation of stability constants with change in mole fraction of the medium is explained on the basis of electrostatic and non-electrostatic forces. Distributions of the species with pH at different compositions of micellar media are also presented.

  7. Co(II), Ce(III) and UO 2(VI) bis-salicylatothiosemicarbazide complexes . Binary and ternary complexes, thermal studies and antimicrobial activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Wahab, Z. H. Abd; Mashaly, Mahmoud M.; Salman, A. A.; El-Shetary, B. A.; Faheim, A. A.

    2004-10-01

    A series of new metal complexes of Co(II), Ce(III) and UO 2(VI), with the Schiff base ligand, H 2L, bis-salicylatothiosemicarbazide have been prepared in presence of different molar ratios of LiOH·H 2O as a deprotonating agent. Also, the ternary complexes were prepared by using 2-aminopyridine (2-Ampy) or oxalic acid (Ox) as a secondary ligand. All synthesized compounds were identified and confirmed by elemental analyses, molar conductivities, spectral (UV-Vis, IR, 1H NMR, mass) and magnetic moment measurements as well as TG-DSC technique. The changes in the selected vibrational absorption bands in IR and NMR spectra of the Schiff base ligand upon coordination indicate that, the ligand behaves as a neutral, monoanionic and/or dianionic tetradentate manner with ONNO donor sites. Conductance measurements suggest the non-electrolytic and 1:1 electrolytic nature of the metal complexes. Thermal studies suggest a mechanism for degradation of the metal complexes as function of temperature supporting the chelation modes, moreover, show the possibility of obtaining new complexes pyrolytically in the solid state which cannot be synthesized from solution. Antimicrobial screening of the free ligand and its binary complexes showed that, the free ligand and some metal complexes possess antimicrobial activities towards four type of bacteria and five types of fungi and these results were compared with eleven type of known antibiotics.

  8. Synthesis of a new oxime and its application to the construction of a highly selective and sensitive Co(II) PVC-based membrane sensor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganjali, Mohammad Reza; Mizani, Farhang; Emami, Mehdi; Darjezini, Maryam; Darvich, Mohammad Raouf; Yousefi, Mohammad

    2004-03-01

    A cobalt(II) ion-selective membrane sensor has been fabricated from a poly vinyl chloride (PVC) matrix membrane containing a new oxime compound (oxime of 1-(2-oxocyclohexyl)-1,2-cyclohexanediol, OXCCD) as a neutral carrier, sodium tetraphenyl borate (NaTPB) as an anionic excluder and o-nitrophenyloctylether (o-NPOE) as a plasticizing solvent mediator. The membrane sensor exhibits a linear potential response in the concentration range of 1.0 x 10(-1) - 1.0 x 10(-6) M of Co2+. The electrode displays a Nernstian slope of 29.8 mV decade(-1) in the pH range of 3.5 - 8.0. The sensor also exhibits a fast response time of < 25 s. The detection limit of the proposed sensor is 9.0 x 10(-7) M (approximately 40 ng/ml), and it can be used over a period of two months. The selectivity of the sensor with respect to other cations (alkali, alkaline earth, transition and heavy metal ions) is excellent. The practical utility of the sensor has been demonstrated by using it as an indicator electrode in the potentiometric titration of Co2+ with EDTA and for the direct determination of Co(II) in wastewater of the electroplating industry.

  9. DNA binding and biological activity of mixed ligand complexes of Cu(II, Ni(II and Co(II with quinolones and N donor ligand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.M M Akram

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available  AbstractMixed ligand complexes of  Cu(II, Ni(II and Co(II have been synthesized by using levofloxacin and bipyridyl and characterized using spectral and analytical techniques. The binding behavior of the Ni(II and Cu(II complexes with herring sperm DNA(Hs-DNA were determined using electronic absorption titration, viscometric measurements and cyclic voltammetry measurements. The binding constant calculated  for Cu(II and Ni(II complexes are 2.0 x 104 and 4.0 x 104 M-1 respectively. Detailed analysis reveals that these metal complexes interact with DNA through intercalative binding mode. The nuclease activity of  Cu(II and Ni(II complexes with ct-DNA was carried out using agarose gel electrophoresis technique. The antioxidant activities for the synthesized complexes have been tested and the antibacterial activity for Ni(II complex was also checked.Key words: Intercalation, hypochromism, red shift and  peak potential.

  10. Synthesis and characterization of Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes of a number of sulfadrug azodyes and their application for wastewater treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Baradie, K.; El-Sharkawy, R.; El-Ghamry, H.; Sakai, K.

    2014-03-01

    The azodye ligand (HL1) was synthesized from the coupling of sulfaguanidine diazonium salt with 2,4-dihydroxy-benzaldehyde while the two ligands, HL2 and HL3, were prepared by the coupling of sulfadiazine diazonium salt with salicylaldehyde (HL2) and 2,4-dihydroxy-benzaldehyde (HL3). The prepared ligands were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR and mass spectra. Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes of the prepared ligands have been synthesized and characterized by various spectroscopic techniques like IR, UV-Visible as well as magnetic and thermal (TG and DTA) measurements. It was found that all the ligands behave as a monobasic bidentate which coordinated to the metal center through the azo nitrogen and α-hydroxy oxygen atoms in the case of HL1 and HL3. HL2 coordinated to the metal center through sulfonamide oxygen and pyrimidine nitrogen. The applications of the prepared complexes in the oxidative degradation of indigo carmine dye exhibited good catalytic activity in the presence of H2O2 as an oxidant. The reactions followed first-order kinetics and the rate constants were determined. The degradation reaction involved the catalytic action of the azo-dye complexes toward H2O2 decomposition, which can lead to the generation of HOrad radicals as a highly efficient oxidant attacking the target dye. The detailed kinetic studies and the mechanism of these catalytic reactions are under consideration in our group.

  11. Effective simultaneous removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions by a new magnetic zeolite prepared from stem sweep

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safinejad, A.; Goudarzi, N.; Arab Chamjangali, M.; Bagherian, G.

    2017-11-01

    In this work, we prepared a new magnetic zeolite (MZ), as a sorbent, from stem sweep and used for the removal of lead and cadmium ions from aqueous solutions. Then the effective parameters involved in the removal efficiency of the studied ions were investigated. The synthetic MZ was characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The best conditions for the preparation of MZ were found to be as follow: %Fe3O4 loaded  =  25, Si/Al  =  1.5, Na2O/SiO2  =  2.0, H2O/Na2O  =  75.0, crystallization time  =  20.0 h, and crystallization temperature  =  110 °C. The magnetic adsorbent was obtained by coating the zeolite with iron oxide nanoparticles. To study the sorption performance of the synthetic adsorbent, the single and binary systems including Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions were used. The effects of various parameters such as the solution pH, initial metal ion concentrations, amount of adsorbent, and contact time on the removal efficiency of the metal ions were studied. The results obtained showed that the adsorption isotherm data fitted well to the Langmuir isotherm, and that the adsorption kinetics of the metal ions in a binary system followed a pseudo-second order kinetic model.

  12. Synthesis, crystal structure and spectroscopy of bioactive Cd(II) polymeric complex of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac sodium: Antiproliferative and biological activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabrizi, Leila; Chiniforoshan, Hossein; McArdle, Patrick

    2015-02-01

    The interaction of Cd(II) with the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac sodium (Dic) leads to the formation of the complex [Cd2(L)41.5(MeOH)2(H2O)]n(L = Dic), 1, which has been isolated and structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. Diclofenac sodium and its metal complex 1 have also been evaluated for antiproliferative activity in vitro against the cells of three human cancer cell lines, MCF-7 (breast cancer cell line), T24 (bladder cancer cell line), A-549 (non-small cell lung carcinoma), and a mouse fibroblast L-929 cell line. The results of cytotoxic activity in vitro expressed as IC50 values indicated the diclofenac sodium and cadmium chloride are non active or less active than the metal complex of diclofenac (1). Complex 1 was also found to be a more potent cytotoxic agent against T-24 and MCF-7 cancer cell lines than the prevalent benchmark metallodrug, cisplatin, under the same experimental conditions. The superoxide dismutase activity was measured by Fridovich test which showed that complex 1 shows a low value in comparison with Cu complexes. The binding properties of this complex to biomolecules, bovine or human serum albumin, are presented and evaluated. Antibacterial and growth inhibitory activity is also higher than that of the parent ligand compound.

  13. Synthesis, Characterization and DNA-Binding Properties of The Novel Mononuclear Zn(II, Cd(II, and Mn(II Complexes with Pantoprazole.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wessam N. El-Sayed

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A   novel   mononuclear   Mn(II,   Zn(II   and   Cd(II   complexes of pantoprazole   (PA   was synthesized  and characterized  by elemental analysis,  molar conductivity,  magnetic susceptibility   measurements,   IR,  UV-visible  spectral  studies,  and  thermal  analysis.  The electronic spectra along with magnetic data suggest octahedral geometry for Mn(II, Zn(II and Cd(II complexes.  PA acts as an anionic bi-dentate ligand being coordinated by (S=O oxygen and benzimdazolyl nitrogen atoms. The interaction of the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA was monitored by blue shift and hyperchromism in the UV-vis spectra. The observed  intrinsic  binding  constants  together  with  structural  analysis  of  the  complexes indicate  the groove  binding. The binding constants were determined at 303°K, 308°K and 313°K.  A thermodynamic analysis showed that the reaction is spontaneous with ΔG being negative. The enthalpy ΔH and the entropy ΔS of reactions were all determined.

  14. Syntheses, structures, photoluminescence and photocatalysis of chiral 3D Cd(II) frameworks from achiral mixed flexible ligands by spontaneous resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yan-Qiong; Zhong, Jie-Cen; Ding, Ling; Chen, Yi-Ping

    2015-07-14

    Unprecedented two homochiral Cd(ii) enantiomers [Cd(dtba)(bpp)]n (1: 1P and 1M) (H2dtba = 2,2'-dithiodibenzoic acid, bpp = 1,3-bis(4-pyridyl)propane), were obtained by self-assembly with mixed achiral flexible ligands. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that complexes 1P and 1M crystallize in trigonal space groups P3121 and P3221, respectively. The compounds are optically active, and their UV spectra in the solid state showed Cotton effects in the opposite directions. Compounds 1P and 1M present the examples of three-interpenetrating chiral frameworks with triangular and quasi-heart-like threefold helical chiral channels, chair-like twofold helical chiral channels and one type of threefold double-helical chain. The 3D metal-organic framework can be regarded as a bcu-type topology with the symbol of 8(6). The photoluminescent properties of compound 1 have been studied. Remarkably, compound 1 exhibits good photocatalytic activity for degradation of dyes under the simulated sunlight irradiation in the pH = 3 aqueous solution.

  15. Formation of Rosette-Shaped Cd(II) Thiolate Coordination Polymer in Aqueous Solution and Conversion to CdS by Calcination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han, Sung June; Lee, Myung Han; Jeon, Young Jin

    2010-01-01

    We have synthesized rosette-shaped Cd-MSA CPs by a reaction between Cd(II) ions and MSA in aqueous solution and calcined the obtained CPs to obtain CdS microstructures. Upon calcination, the morphology of the CPs does not undergo any significant change, but the particle diameter decreases by 74%. This indicates that our strategy can be used for the synthesis of CPs from other metal thiolates as well. We expect this strategy to be suitable for the preparation of important metal chalcogenide nanostructures and microstructures that can be used in future applications. Coordination polymers (CPs) have attracted considerable attention because of their potential applications in gas storage, catalysis, ion exchange, separation, biomedicine, etc. For use in the above mentioned applications, the structure and morphology of these CPs have been controlled by judicious choice of metals, ligands, and reaction conditions. Recently, Oh and coworkers have reported that CPs can be successfully converted into metal oxides by calcination without causing any significant change in their morphology

  16. Adsorption of heavy metal ions on molybdenum and molybdenum trioxide from dilute aqueous solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Utsunomiya, Taizo; Hoshino, Yoshio; Sakabe, Ken-ichi

    1984-01-01

    The adsorption of heavy metal ions such as Co(II), Cu(II) and Pb(II) on molybdenum powder has been investigated by the batch technique as a function of soaking time, concentration of heavy metal ions and coexisting salts, pH etc. Molybdenum trioxide was also used as an adsorbent for a comparison to discuss the adsorption mechanism. The amount of these heavy metal ions adsorbed was highly pH and coexisting salts dependent. These adsorbents have features of selective adsorption for Pb(II) and large adsorption rate. The adsorption of heavy metal ions on these adsorbents proceeds independently or concurrently by following complex mechanism; (1) cation exchange reaction by hydroxyl radical on the surface of Mo and MoO 3 is predominant for most of heavy metal ions except Pb(II) [Co(II), Mn(II), Fe(III), Ni(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Sr(II)], (2) reduction (electron exchange reaction) to low ionic or metallic state after cation exchange reaction [Cu(II) and Ag(I) on Mo] and (3) formation of a compound [Pb(II) on both Mo and MoO 3 ]. (author)

  17. Biosorption of Cd(II), Ni(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solution by dried biomass of aspergillus niger: application of response surface methodology to the optimization of process parameters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amini, Malihe; Younesi, Habibollah [Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Marine Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor (Iran)

    2009-10-15

    In this study, the biosorption of Cd(II), Ni(II) and Pb(II) on Aspergillus niger in a batch system was investigated, and optimal condition determined by means of central composite design (CCD) under response surface methodology (RSM). Biomass inactivated by heat and pretreated by alkali solution was used in the determination of optimal conditions. The effect of initial solution pH, biomass dose and initial ion concentration on the removal efficiency of metal ions by A. niger was optimized using a design of experiment (DOE) method. Experimental results indicated that the optimal conditions for biosorption were 5.22 g/L, 89.93 mg/L and 6.01 for biomass dose, initial ion concentration and solution pH, respectively. Enhancement of metal biosorption capacity of the dried biomass by pretreatment with sodium hydroxide was observed. Maximal removal efficiencies for Cd(II), Ni(III) and Pb(II) ions of 98, 80 and 99% were achieved, respectively. The biosorption capacity of A. niger biomass obtained for Cd(II), Ni(II) and Pb(II) ions was 2.2, 1.6 and 4.7 mg/g, respectively. According to these observations the fungal biomass of A. niger is a suitable biosorbent for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions. Multiple response optimization was applied to the experimental data to discover the optimal conditions for a set of responses, simultaneously, by using a desirability function. (Abstract Copyright [2009], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  18. DNA incision evaluation, binding investigation and biocidal screening of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes with isoxazole Schiff bases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganji, Nirmala; Chityala, Vijay Kumar; Marri, Pradeep Kumar; Aveli, Rambabu; Narendrula, Vamsikrishna; Daravath, Sreenu; Shivaraj

    2017-10-01

    Two new series of binary metal complexes [M(L 1 ) 2 ] and [M(L 2 ) 2 ] where, M=Cu(II), Ni(II) & Co(II) and L 1 =4-((3,4-dimethylisoxazol-5-ylimino)methyl)benzene-1,3-diol; L 2 =2-((3,4-dimethylisoxazol-5-ylimino)methyl)-5-methoxyphenol were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, 1 H NMR, 13 C NMR, FT-IR, ESI mass, UV-Visible, magnetic moment, ESR, SEM and powder XRD studies. Based on these results, a square planar geometry is assigned for all the metal complexes where the Schiff base acts as uninegatively charged bidentate chelating agent via the hydroxyl oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms. DNA binding studies of all the complexes with calf thymus DNA have been comprehensively investigated using electronic absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence quenching and viscosity studies. The oxidative and photo cleavage affinity of metal complexes towards supercoiled pBR322 DNA has been ascertained by agarose gel electrophoresis assay. From the results, it is observed that all the metal complexes bind effectively to CT-DNA via an intercalative mode of binding and also cleave pBR322 DNA in a promising manner. Further the Cu(II) complexes have shown better binding and cleavage properties towards DNA. The antimicrobial activities of the Schiff bases and their metal complexes were studied on bacterial and fungal strains and the results denoted that the complexes are more potent than their Schiff base ligands. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. The meloxicam complexes of Co(II) and Zn(II): Synthesis, crystal structures, photocleavage and in vitro DNA-binding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanatkar, Tahereh Hosseinzadeh; Hadadzadeh, Hassan; Simpson, Jim; Jannesari, Zahra

    2013-10-01

    Two neutral mononuclear complexes of Co(II) and Zn(II) with the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug meloxicam (H2mel, 4-hydroxy-2-methyl-N-(5-methyl-2-thiazolyl)-2H-1,2-benzothiazine-3-carboxammide-1,1-dioxide), [Co(Hmel)2(EtOH)2] (1), and [Zn(Hmel)2(EtOH)2] (2), were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy and their solid-state structures were studied by single-crystal diffraction. The complexes have a distorted octahedral geometry around the metal atom. The experimental data indicate that the meloxicam acts as a deprotonated bidentate ligand (through the amide oxygen and the nitrogen atom of the thiazolyl ring) in the complexes, and a strong intramolecular hydrogen bond between the amide N-H function and the enolate O atom stabilizes the ZZZ conformation of meloxicam ligands. Absorption, fluorescence spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry have been used to investigate the binding of the complexes with fish sperm DNA (FS-DNA). Additionally, the photocleavage studies have been also used to investigate the binding of the complexes with plasmid DNA. The interaction of the complexes with DNA was monitored by a blue shift and hyperchromism in the UV-Vis spectra attributed to an electrostatic binding mode. A competitive study with ethidium bromide (EB) has shown that the complexes can displace the DNA-bound EB indicating that they bind to DNA in strong competition with EB. The experimental results show that the complexes can cleave pUC57 plasmid DNA.

  20. Diverse Cd(II) compounds based on N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid and N-donor ligands: Structures and photoluminescent properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Ning; Guo, Wei-Ying; Song, Hui-Hua, E-mail: songhuihua@mail.hebtu.edu.cn; Yu, Hai-Tao, E-mail: haitaoyu@mail.hebtu.edu.cn

    2016-01-15

    Five new Cd(II) coordination polymers with N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid (H{sub 2}bzgluO) and different N-donor ligands, [Cd(bzgluO)(2,2′-bipy)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (1), [Cd(bzgluO)(2,4′-bipy){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)·3H{sub 2}O]{sub n} (2), [Cd(bzgluO)(phen)·H{sub 2}O]{sub n} (3), [Cd(bzgluO)(4,4′-bipy)(H{sub 2}O)]{sub n} (4), [Cd(bzgluO)(bpp)(H{sub 2}O)·2H{sub 2}O]{sub n} (5) were synthesized (2,2′-bipy=2,2′-bipyridine, 2,4′-bipy=2,4′-bipyridine, phen=1,10-phenanthroline, 4,4′-bipy=4,4′-bipyridine, bpp=1,3-di(4-pyridyl)propane). Compounds 1–2 exhibit a 1D single-chain structure. Compound 1 generates a 2D supramolecular structure via π–π stacking and hydrogen bonding, 3D architecture of compound 2 is formed by hydrogen bonding. Compound 3 features a 1D double-chain structure, which are linked by π–π interactions into a 2D supramolecular layer. Compounds 4-5 display a 2D network structure. Neighboring layers of 4 are extended into a 3D supramolecular architecture through hydrogen bonding. The structural diversity of these compounds is attributed to the effect of ancillary N-donor ligands and coordination modes of H{sub 2}bzgluO. Luminescent properties of 1–5 were studied at room temperature. Circular dichroism of compounds 1, 2 and 5 were investigated. - Graphical abstract: Five new Cd(II) metal coordination compounds with H{sub 2}bzgluO and different N-donor ligands were synthesized and characterized. Compounds 1, 2 and 3 present 1D structures, compounds 4 and 5 display 2D networks. Results indicate that auxiliary ligands and coordination modes of H{sub 2}bzgluO play an important role in governing the formation of final frameworks, and the hydrogen-bonding and π–π stacking interactions contribute the formation of the diverse supramolecular architectures. Furthermore, the different crystal structures influence the emission spectra significantly. - Highlights: • It is rarely reported that complexes prepared with N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid

  1. The outer membrane protein Omp35 affects the reduction of Fe(III, nitrate, and fumarate by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myers Charles R

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 uses several electron acceptors to support anaerobic respiration including insoluble species such as iron(III and manganese(IV oxides, and soluble species such as nitrate, fumarate, dimethylsulfoxide and many others. MR-1 has complex branched electron transport chains that include components in the cytoplasmic membrane, periplasm, and outer membrane (OM. Previous studies have implicated a role for anaerobically upregulated OM electron transport components in the use of insoluble electron acceptors, and have suggested that other OM components may also contribute to insoluble electron acceptor use. In this study, the role for an anaerobically upregulated 35-kDa OM protein (Omp35 in the use of anaerobic electron acceptors was explored. Results Omp35 was purified from the OM of anaerobically grown cells, the gene encoding Omp35 was identified, and an omp35 null mutant (OMP35-1 was isolated and characterized. Although OMP35-1 grew on all electron acceptors tested, a significant lag was seen when grown on fumarate, nitrate, and Fe(III. Complementation studies confirmed that the phenotype of OMP35-1 was due to the loss of Omp35. Despite its requirement for wild-type rates of electron acceptor use, analysis of Omp35 protein and predicted sequence did not identify any electron transport moieties or predicted motifs. OMP35-1 had normal levels and distribution of known electron transport components including quinones, cytochromes, and fumarate reductase. Omp35 is related to putative porins from MR-1 and S. frigidimarina as well as to the PorA porin from Neisseria meningitidis. Subcellular fraction analysis confirmed that Omp35 is an OM protein. The seven-fold anaerobic upregulation of Omp35 is mediated post-transcriptionally. Conclusion Omp35 is a putative porin in the OM of MR-1 that is markedly upregulated anaerobically by a post-transcriptional mechanism. Omp35 is required for normal rates of growth on Fe(III

  2. 4,4′-Bipyridine-aided synthesis and characterization of Zn(II) and Cd(II) 2-sulfoterephthalate complexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xiao, Shan-Shan; Li, Xin-Xin; Zheng, Xiang-Jun; Jia, Tian-Jing; Jin, Lin-Pei

    2013-01-01

    Six d 10 complexes, [Zn 1.5 (stp)(bpy) 0.5 (H 2 O) 2 ]·0.5H 2 O (1), Cd 1.5 (stp)(bpy) 0.5 (H 2 O) 2 (2), [Cd 1.5 (stp)(bpy)(H 2 O)]·H 2 O (3), [Zn 0.5 (bpy) 0.5 (H 2 O) 2 ][Zn(stp)(bpy)(H 2 O)]·0.5H 2 O (4), Cd 3 (stp) 2 (bpy) 3 (H 2 O) 3 (5), Hbpy·[Zn 0.5 (bpy)(H 2 O) 2 ][Zn 0.5 (stp)(H 2 O)]·H 2 O (6) based on 2-sulfoterephthalate (stp 3− ) and 4,4′-bipyridine (bpy) have been synthesized under hydro/solvo-thermal conditions and structurally characterized. Complex 1 exhibits a three-fold interpenetrated 3D porous architecture. Complexes 2 and 3 possess helices with different chirality arranging alternately. 4 and 6 are addition compounds, which compose of complex cation and complex anion. Complex 5 features a 3D layer-pillar framework in which a (4, 4) grid layer is constructed by stp 3− ligands and Cd(II) ions, and the layers are further connected by bpy pillars. The solid-state luminescent properties of the coordination polymers have also been investigated. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: • Complexes 1–3 possess helices with different chirality arranging alternately. • The structural diversity can be attributed to various coordination modes of ligands. • The formation of helical structure is related to the adjacent carboxyl and sulfonate groups. • Bpy exhibits three roles: bridge, hydrogen bonding acceptor, and template

  3. Diverse Cd(II) compounds based on N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid and N-donor ligands: Structures and photoluminescent properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Ning; Guo, Wei-Ying; Song, Hui-Hua; Yu, Hai-Tao

    2016-01-01

    Five new Cd(II) coordination polymers with N-benzoyl-L-glutamic acid (H2bzgluO) and different N-donor ligands, [Cd(bzgluO)(2,2‧-bipy)(H2O)]n (1), [Cd(bzgluO)(2,4‧-bipy)2(H2O)·3H2O]n (2), [Cd(bzgluO)(phen)·H2O]n (3), [Cd(bzgluO)(4,4‧-bipy)(H2O)]n (4), [Cd(bzgluO)(bpp)(H2O)·2H2O]n (5) were synthesized (2,2‧-bipy=2,2‧-bipyridine, 2,4‧-bipy=2,4‧-bipyridine, phen=1,10-phenanthroline, 4,4‧-bipy=4,4‧-bipyridine, bpp=1,3-di(4-pyridyl)propane). Compounds 1-2 exhibit a 1D single-chain structure. Compound 1 generates a 2D supramolecular structure via π-π stacking and hydrogen bonding, 3D architecture of compound 2 is formed by hydrogen bonding. Compound 3 features a 1D double-chain structure, which are linked by π-π interactions into a 2D supramolecular layer. Compounds 4-5 display a 2D network structure. Neighboring layers of 4 are extended into a 3D supramolecular architecture through hydrogen bonding. The structural diversity of these compounds is attributed to the effect of ancillary N-donor ligands and coordination modes of H2bzgluO. Luminescent properties of 1-5 were studied at room temperature. Circular dichroism of compounds 1, 2 and 5 were investigated.

  4. Synthesis, magnetic and spectroscopic studies of Ni(II, Cu(II, Zn(II and Cd(II complexes of a newly Schiff base derived from 5-bromo-2-hydroxybezylidene-3,4,5-trihydroxybenzohydrazide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmood A. Abdullah

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A new hydrazide Shiff base ligand GHL1 (5-bromo-2-hydroxybezylidene-3,4,5-trihydroxybenzohydrazide was prepared by refluxing of trihydroxybenzhydrazide with an ethanolic of 5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzaldehyde. The ligand reacted with Ni(II, Cu(II, Zn(II and Cd(II (acetate salts. All the complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductivity, TGA, UV-Vis and FT-IR spectral studies. All the complexes have octahedral geometry except Ni(II complex which has tetrahedral geometry.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v26i1.10

  5. Synthesis, characterization and anti-microbial activity of a novel macrocyclic ligand derived from the reaction of 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid with homopiperazine and its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soleimani, Esmaiel

    2011-05-01

    The preparation of a novel macrocyclic ligand ( 1), N,N'-diethylhomopiperazinyl,2,6-pyridinedicarboxylate and its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) complexes are described. The ligand was prepared in EtOH from the reaction of dipotassium salt of 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid with 1,2-dibromoethane in the presence of homopiperazine. Reaction of macrocyclic ligand ( 1) in EtOH with CoCl 2.6H 2O, NiCl 2.6H 2O, CuCl 2.2H 2O, and ZnCl 2·2H 2O yielded the complexes with the general formula [M(L)Cl 2] {where M = Co(II) ( 2), Ni(II) ( 3), Cu(II) ( 4), Zn ( 5), respectively}. The analysis of IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectral data of macrocyclic ligand ( 1) and its Zn(II) complex ( 5) together with their molar conductivity values, and the magnetic moments of the complexes suggest that the macrocyclic ligand ( 1) is bonded to metal(II) ions through two oxygen atoms of ester moiety and the two nitrogen atoms of homopiperazine ring. The electronic spectral data of these complexes in DMSO are in good agreement with the octahedral coordination of M(II) ions. The ligand field parameters for these complexes, i.e. splitting energy and Racah parameter were calculated to be 14,945 and 673 cm -1 for the Co(II) ( 2), 16,260 and 774 cm -1 for the Ni(II) ( 3) complexes respectively. The spliting energy of 17,262 cm -1 was obtained for the Cu(II) complex ( 4).

  6. Synthesis, characterization, DFT and biological studies of (Z)-N‧-(2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene)picolinohydrazide and its Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakha, T. H.; El-Gammal, O. A.; Metwally, H. M.; Abu El-Reash, G. M.

    2014-03-01

    The picolinohydrazide derivative: (Z)-N‧-(2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene)picolinohydrazide (H2IPH) and its Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes have been synthesized and investigated by using the modern spectroscopic and physicochemical techniques viz. IR, 1H NMR, UV-Vis spectrometric methods and magnetic moment measurements. The investigation study revealed that the ligand acts as monobasic tri- and tetradentate in Co(II) and Ni(II) complex, respectively and as neutral tridentate in Cu(II) complex. On the basis of magnetic moment and spectral studies, a six coordinated octahedral geometry is assigned for all complexes. The molecular modeling are drawn and showed the bond length, bond angle, chemical reactivity, energy components (kcal/mol) and binding energy (kcal/mol) for all the title compounds and also NLO for the ligand is shown. The energy gap between the HOMO and LUMO for Ni(II) complex is (-7 eV) which indicates that these compound is a promising structure for photovoltaic devices such as solar cells. A comparison of the experimental and theoretical spectra can be very useful in making correct assignments and understanding the basic chemical shift. The thermal behavior and the kinetic parameters of degradation were determined using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. The in vitro antibacterial studies of these complexes screened against pathogenic bacteria proved them as growth inhibiting agents. Antitumor activity, carried out in vitro on human mammary gland (breast) MCF7, have shown that the Co(II) complex exhibited potent activity followed by the ligand, Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes.

  7. Synthesis, characterization, fluorescence and biological studies of Mn(II, Fe(III and Zn(II complexes of Schiff bases derived from Isatin and 3-substituted-4-amino-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangamesh A. Patil

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A series of Mn(II, Fe(III and Zn(II complexes have been synthesized with Schiff bases derived from isatin and 3-substituted-4-amino-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole. The elemental, spectroscopic (Infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, ultraviolet-visible, fast atom bombardment-mass, fluorescence and electrochemistry and magnetic studies suggested that the metal complexes possess octahedral geometry. The Schiff bases and their metal complexes exhibit fluorescent properties. The antimicrobial studies of Schiff bases and their metal complexes against various bacterial (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis and fungal (Aspergillus niger, and Penicillium chrysogenum species by the minimum inhibitory concentration method revealed that the metal complexes possess more healing antibacterial activities than the Schiff bases. DNA cleavage property of Mn(II, Fe(III and Zn(II complexes revealed the important role of metal ion in the biological system.

  8. Synthesis and characterization of the cubic coordination cluster [CoIII6CoII2(IBT)] (H 3IBT = 4,5-bis(tetrazol-5-yl)imidazole)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dincă, Mircea; Harris, T. David; Iavarone, Anthony T.; Long, Jeffrey R.

    2008-11-01

    A self-assembly reaction between the ditopic ligand 4,5-bis(tetrazol-5-yl)imidazole (H 3IBT) and cobalt(II) chloride in basic aqueous medium afforded the mixed-valence molecular species (NBu)14[CoIII6CoII2(IBT)12]·22HO ( 1). X-ray analysis of 1 revealed a cubic arrangement of six trivalent and two divalent cobalt ions, with the latter situated on opposing vertices along the cube diagonal. The cubic coordination cluster was further characterized by cyclic voltammetry, mass spectrometry, and magnetic measurements.

  9. Coordination polymers of Fe(iii) and Al(iii) ions with TCA ligand: distinctive fluorescence, CO2 uptake, redox-activity and oxygen evolution reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhara, Barun; Sappati, Subrahmanyam; Singh, Santosh K; Kurungot, Sreekumar; Ghosh, Prasenjit; Ballav, Nirmalya

    2016-04-28

    Fe and Al belong to different groups in the periodic table, one from the p-block and the other from the d-block. In spite of their different groups, they have the similarity of exhibiting a stable 3+ oxidation state. Here we have prepared Fe(iii) and Al(iii) based coordination polymers in the form of metal-organic gels with the 4,4',4''-tricarboxyltriphenylamine (TCA) ligand, namely Fe-TCA and Al-TCA, and evaluated some important physicochemical properties. Specifically, the electrical conductivity, redox-activity, porosity, and electrocatalytic activity (oxygen evolution reaction) of the Fe-TCA system were noted to be remarkably higher than those of the Al-TCA system. As for the photophysical properties, almost complete quenching of the fluorescence originating from TCA was observed in case of the Fe-TCA system, whereas for the Al-TCA system a significant retention of fluorescence with red-shifted emission was observed. Quantum mechanical calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) were performed to unravel the origin of such discriminative behaviour of these coordination polymer systems.

  10. Sphaerotilus natans encrusted with nanoball-shaped Fe(III) oxide minerals formed by nitrate-reducing mixotrophic Fe(II) oxidation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Sunhwa; Kim, Dong-Hun; Lee, Ji-Hoon; Hur, Hor-Gil

    2014-01-01

    Ferrous iron has been known to function as an electron source for iron-oxidizing microorganisms in both anoxic and oxic environments. A diversity of bacteria has been known to oxidize both soluble and solid-phase Fe(II) forms coupled to the reduction of nitrate. Here, we show for the first time Fe(II) oxidation by Sphaerotilus natans strain DSM 6575T under mixotrophic condition. Sphaerotilus natans has been known to form a sheath structure enclosing long chains of rod-shaped cells, resulting in a thick biofilm formation under oxic conditions. Here, we also demonstrate that strain DSM 6575T grows mixotrophically with pyruvate, Fe(II) as electron donors and nitrate as an electron acceptor and single cells of strain DSM 6575T are dominant under anoxic conditions. Furthermore, strain DSM 6575T forms nanoball-shaped amorphous Fe(III) oxide minerals encrusting on the cell surfaces through the mixotrophic iron oxidation reaction under anoxic conditions. We propose that cell encrustation results from the indirect Fe(II) oxidation by biogenic nitrite during nitrate reduction and that causes the bacterial morphological change to individual rod-shaped single cells from filamentous sheath structures. This study extends the group of existing microorganisms capable of mixotrophic Fe(II) oxidation by a new strain, S. natans strain DSM 6575T, and could contribute to biogeochemical cycles of Fe and N in the environment. PMID:24965827

  11. Simultaneous Oxidation and Sequestration of As(III) from Water by Using Redox Polymer-Based Fe(III) Oxide Nanocomposite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaolin; Wu, Mengfei; Dong, Hao; Li, Hongchao; Pan, Bingcai

    2017-06-06

    Water decontamination from As(III) is an urgent but still challenging task. Herein, we fabricated a bifunctional nanocomposite HFO@PS-Cl for highly efficient removal of As(III), with active chlorine covalently binding spherical polystyrene host for in situ oxidation of As(III) to As(V), and Fe(III) hydroxide (HFO) nanoparticles (NPs) embedded inside for specific As(V) removal. HFO@PS-Cl could work effectively in a wide pH range (5-9), and other substances like sulfate, chloride, bicarbonate, silicate, and humic acid exert insignificant effect on As(III) removal. As(III) sequestration is realized via two pathways, that is, oxidation to As(V) by the active chlorine followed by specific As(V) adsorption onto HFO NPs, and As(III) adsorption onto HFO NPs followed by oxidation to As(V). The exhausted HFO@PS-Cl could be refreshed for cyclic runs with insignificant capacity loss by the combined regeneration strategy, that is, alkaline solution to rinse the adsorbed As(V) and NaClO solution to renew the host oxidation capability. In addition, fixed-bed experiments demonstrated that the HFO@PS-Cl column could generate >1760 bed volume (BV) effluent from a synthetic As(III)-containing groundwater to meet the drinking water standard (nanocomposites, HFO@PS-N and HFO@D201 could only generate 450 and 600 BV effluents under otherwise identical conditions.

  12. In situ chemical oxidation of contaminated groundwater by persulfate: decomposition by Fe(III)- and Mn(IV)-containing oxides and aquifer materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Haizhou; Bruton, Thomas A; Doyle, Fiona M; Sedlak, David L

    2014-09-02

    Persulfate (S2O8(2-)) is being used increasingly for in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) of organic contaminants in groundwater, despite an incomplete understanding of the mechanism through which it is converted into reactive species. In particular, the decomposition of persulfate by naturally occurring mineral surfaces has not been studied in detail. To gain insight into the reaction rates and mechanism of persulfate decomposition in the subsurface, and to identify possible approaches for improving its efficacy, the decomposition of persulfate was investigated in the presence of pure metal oxides, clays, and representative aquifer solids collected from field sites in the presence and absence of benzene. Under conditions typical of groundwater, Fe(III)- and Mn(IV)-oxides catalytically converted persulfate into sulfate radical (SO4(•-)) and hydroxyl radical (HO(•)) over time scales of several weeks at rates that were 2-20 times faster than those observed in metal-free systems. Amorphous ferrihydrite was the most reactive iron mineral with respect to persulfate decomposition, with reaction rates proportional to solid mass and surface area. As a result of radical chain reactions, the rate of persulfate decomposition increased by as much as 100 times when benzene concentrations exceeded 0.1 mM. Due to its relatively slow rate of decomposition in the subsurface, it can be advantageous to inject persulfate into groundwater, allowing it to migrate to zones of low hydraulic conductivity where clays, metal oxides, and contaminants will accelerate its conversion into reactive oxidants.

  13. Effect of deacetylation on property of electrospun chitosan/PVA nanofibrous membrane and removal of methyl orange, Fe(III) and Cr(VI) ions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habiba, Umma; Siddique, Tawsif A; Talebian, Sepehr; Lee, Jacky Jia Li; Salleh, Areisman; Ang, Bee Chin; Afifi, Amalina M

    2017-12-01

    In this study, effect of degree of deacetylation on property and adsorption capacity of chitosan/polyvinyl Alcohol electrospun membrane has been investigated. Resulting nanofibers were characterized by FESEM, FTIR, XRD, TGA, tensile testing, weight loss test and adsorption test. FESEM result shows, finer nanofiber was fabricated from 42h hydrolyzed chitosan and PVA blend solution. FTIR and XRD result showed a strong interaction between chitosan and polyvinyl alcohol. Higher tensile strength was observed for the nanofiber having 42h hydrolyzed chitosan. Blend solution of chitosan/PVA having low DD chitosan had higher viscosity. The nanofibrous membrane was stable in distilled water, acidic and basic medium. The isotherm study shows that the adsorption capacity (q m ) of nanofiber containing higher DD chitosan was higher for Cr(VI). In contrary, the membrane containing chitosan with lower DD showed the higher adsorption capacity for Fe(III) and methyl orange. Moreover, the effect of DD on removal percentage of adsorbate was dependent on the initial concentration of the adsorbate. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Fe(III) hydroxide nucleation and growth on quartz in the presence of Cu(II), Pb(II), and Cr(III): metal hydrolysis and adsorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Chong; Hu, Yandi

    2015-01-06

    Fe(III) hydroxide nanoparticles are an essential carrier for aqueous heavy metals. Particularly, iron hydroxide precipitation on mineral surfaces can immobilize aqueous heavy metals. Here, we used grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) to quantify nucleation and growth of iron hydroxide on quartz in 0.1 mM Fe(NO3)3 solution in the presence of Na(+), Cu(2+), Pb(2+), or Cr(3+) at pH = 3.7 ± 0.1. In 30 min, the average radii of gyration (R(g)) of particles on quartz grew from around 2 to 6 nm in the presence of Na(+) and Cu(2+). Interestingly, the particle sizes remained 3.3 ± 0.3 nm in the presence of Pb(2+), and few particles formed in the presence of Cr(3+). Quartz crystal microbalance dissipation (QCM-D) measurements showed that only Cr(3+) adsorbed onto quartz, while Cu(2+) and Pb(2+) did not. Cr(3+) adsorption changed the surface charge of quartz from negative to positive, thus inhibiting the precipitation of positively charged iron hydroxide on quartz. Masses and compositions of the precipitates were also quantified. This study provided new insights on interactions among quartz, iron hydroxide, and metal ions. Such information is helpful not only for environmental remediation but also for the doping design of iron oxide catalysts.

  15. Cr(III), Fe(III) and Co(III) complexes of tetradentate (ONNO) Schiff base ligands: Synthesis, characterization, properties and biological activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keskioğlu, Eren; Gündüzalp, Ayla Balaban; Çete, Servet; Hamurcu, Fatma; Erk, Birgül

    2008-08-01

    A series of metal complexes were synthesized from equimolar amounts of Schiff bases: 1,4-bis[3-(2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldimine)propyl]piperazine (bappnaf) and 1,8-bis[3-(2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldimine)- p-menthane (damnaf) with metal chlorides. All of synthesized compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, spectral (UV-vis, IR, 1H- 13C NMR, LC-MS) and thermal (TGA-DTA) methods, magnetic and conductance measurements. Schiff base complexes supposed in tetragonal geometry have the general formula [M(bappnaf or damnaf)]Cl· nH 2O, where M = Cr(III), Co(III) and n = 2, 3. But also Fe(III) complexes have octahedral geometry by the coordination of two water molecules and the formula is [Fe(bappnaf or damnaf)(H 2O) 2]Cl. The changes in the selected vibration bands in FT-IR indicate that Schiff bases behave as (ONNO) tetradentate ligands and coordinate to metal ions from two phenolic oxygen atoms and two azomethine nitrogen atoms. Conductance measurements suggest 1:1 electrolytic nature of the metal complexes. The synthesized compounds except bappnaf ligand have the antimicrobial activity against the bacteria: Escherichia coli (ATCC 11230), Yersinia enterocolitica (ATCC 1501), Bacillus magaterium (RSKK 5117), Bacillus subtilis (RSKK 244), Bacillus cereus (RSKK 863) and the fungi: Candida albicans (ATCC 10239). These results have been considerably interest in piperazine derivatives due to their significant applications in antimicrobial studies.

  16. SPE coupled to AAS trace determination of Cd(II) and Zn(II) in food samples using amine functionalized GMA-MMA-EGDMA terpolymer: Isotherm and kinetic studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islam, Aminul; Kumar, Suneel; Zaidi, Noushi; Ahmad, Hilal

    2016-12-15

    An ethylenediamine functionalized glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) based terpolymeric chelating resin was synthesized for the separation and preconcentration of Cd(II) and Zn(II) by SPE from bread, rice and fruit juice prior to FAAS determination. The resin was characterized by FT-IR, TGA/DTA, SEM, BET analysis and EDS. Synthesized resin shows a good capacity of 53.96mgg(-1) for Cd(II) and 24.19mgg(-1) for Zn(II) at pH 8.0. Five isotherm equilibrium models were studied to explain the sorption phenomenon out of which Langmuir, Dubinin-Radushkevich, Scatchard and Temkin models were found to be the best fitted. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were observed to be 1.5 and 5.1μgL(-1) for Cd and 1.2 and 4.1μgL(-1) for Zn. The reliability of the method was investigated by the analysis of SRM and the recovery of analytes from various spiked food samples. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. A metal-organic framework nanocomposite made from functionalized magnetite nanoparticles and HKUST-1 (MOF-199) for preconcentration of Cd(II), Pb(II), and Ni(II)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ghorbani-Kalhor, Ebrahim

    2016-01-01

    The author describes the preparation of a magnetic metal organic framework of type MOF-199 containing magnetite (Fe 3 O 4 ) nanoparticles carrying covalently immobilized 4-(thiazolylazo) resorcinol (Fe 3 O 4 -TAR). This material is shown to represent a viable sorbent for separation and preconcentration of Cd(II), Pb(II), and Ni(II) ions. Box-Behnken design was applied to optimize the parameters affecting preconcentration. Following elution with 0.6 mol L −1 EDTA, the ions were quantified by FAAS. The capacity of the sorbent ranged between 185 and 210 mg g −1 . The limits of detection are 0.15, 0.40, and 0.8 ng mL −1 for Cd(II), Ni(II), and Pb(II) ions, respectively. The relative standard deviations are <8.5 %. The method was successfully applied to the rapid extraction of trace amounts of these ions from sea food and agri food. (author)

  18. Synthesis, molecular structure, biological properties and molecular docking studies on Mn(II), Co(II) and Zn(II) complexes containing bipyridine-azide ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thamilarasan, Vijayan; Jayamani, Arumugam; Sengottuvelan, Nallathambi

    2015-01-07

    Metal complexes of the type Mn(bpy)2(N3)2 (1), Co(bpy)2(N3)2·3H2O (2) and Zn2(bpy)2(N3)4 (3) (Where bpy = 2,2-bipyridine) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and spectral (FT-IR, UV-vis) studies. The structure of complexes (1-3) have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies and the configuration of ligand-coordinated metal(II) ion was well described as distorted octahedral coordination geometry for Mn(II), Co(II) and distorted square pyramidal geometry for Zn(II) complexes. DNA binding interaction of these complexes (1-3) were investigated by UV-vis absorption, fluorescence circular dichroism spectral and molecular docking studies. The intrinsic binding constants Kb of complexes 1, 2 and 3 with CT-DNA obtained from UV-vis absorption studies were 8.37 × 10(4), 2.23 × 10(5) and 5.52 × 10(4) M(-1) respectively. The results indicated that the three complexes are able to bind to DNA with different binding affinity, in the order 2 > 1 > 3. Complexes (1-3) exhibit a good binding propensity to bovine serum albumin (BSA) proteins having relatively high binding constant values. Gel electrophoresis assay demonstrated the ability of the complexes 1-3 promote the cleavage ability of the pBR322 plasmid DNA in the presence of the reducing agent 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) but with different cleavage mechanisms: the complex 3 cleaves DNA via hydrolytic pathway (T4 DNA ligase assay), while the DNA cleavage by complexes 1 and 2 follows oxidative pathway. The chemical nuclease activity follows the order: 2 > 1 > 3. The effects of various activators were also investigated and the nuclease activity efficacy followed the order MPA > GSH > H2O2 > Asc. The cytotoxicity studies of complexes 1-3 were tested in vitro on breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) and they found to be active. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  19. Coordination behavior of tetraaza [N4] ligand towards Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cu(I) and Pd(II) complexes: Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and anticancer activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Boraey, Hanaa A.

    2012-11-01

    Novel eight Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cu(I) and Pd(II) complexes with [N4] ligand (L) i.e. 2-amino-N-{2-[(2-aminobenzoyl)amino]ethyl}benzamide have been synthesized and structurally characterized by elemental analysis, spectral, thermal (TG/DTG), magnetic, and molar conductivity measurements. On the basis of IR, mass, electronic and EPR spectral studies an octahedral geometry has been proposed for Co(II), Ni(II) complexes and Cu(II) chloride complex, square-pyramidal for Cu(I) bromide complex. For Cu(II) nitrate complex (6), Pd(II) complex (8) square planar geometry was proposed. The EPR data of Cu(II) complexes in powdered form indicate dx2-y2 ground state of Cu(II) ion. The antitumor activity of the synthesized ligand and some selected metal complexes has been studied. The palladium(II) complex (8) was found to display cytotoxicity (IC50 = 25.6 and 41 μM) against human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 and human hepatocarcinoma HEPG2 cell line.

  20. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, molecular modeling and potentiometric studies of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes with 1,1-diaminobutane-Schiff base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaghaz, Abdel-Nasser M. A.

    2014-08-01

    Complexes of cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and zinc(II) of general composition [M(L)(H2O)2]·2H2O have been synthesized [L = N,N";-bis(2-hydroxybenzylidene)-1,1-diaminobutane]. The elemental analysis, molar conductance measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements, mass, IR, UV, NMR, SEM, EDX, thermal and EPR spectral studies of the compounds led to the conclusion that the ligand acts as a tetradentate manner. The molar conductance of the complexes in fresh solution of DMSO lies in the range of 7.46-9.13 Ω-1 cm2 mol-1 indicating their non-electrolytic behavior. On the basis of analytical and spectroscopic techniques, octahedral geometry of the complexes was proposed. The Schiff base acts as tetradentate ligand, coordinated through deprotonated phenolic oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms. The ligand field parameters were calculated for Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes and their values were found in the range reported for a octahedral structure. The molecular parameters of the ligand and its Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes have been calculated. Protonation constants of Schiff base and stability constants of their binary metal complexes have been determined potentiometrically in 50% DMSO-water media at 25 °C and ionic strength 0.10 M sodium perchlorate.

  1. Synthesis, structure, and photoluminescence of ZnII and CdII coordination complexes constructed by structurally related 5,6-substituted pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylate ligands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yun-Wu; Tao, Ying; Hu, Tong-Liang

    2012-08-01

    Aiming at exploring the effect of substituting groups of three structurally related ligands, 5,6-diethyl-pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (H2L1), 5,6-diphenyl-pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (H2L2), and dibenzo[f,h]quinoxaline-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (H2L3), seven new coordination polymers constructed from these three substituted dicarboxylate ligands, {[Zn(L1)(H2O)3]·2H2O}∞ (1), {[Cd2(L2ʹ)4(H2O)]·3H2O}∞ (2), [Zn(L2)(CH3OH)]∞ (3), {[Zn(L2)(H2O)2]·H2O}∞ (4), {[Zn(L2ʹ)]·H2O}∞ (5), [Zn2(L3)(DMF)4]∞(6), [Zn(L3)(2,2ʹ-bipy)(H2O)]∞(7), have been prepared and structurally characterized. 1 is a 1D chain structure in which ZnII ion is six-coordinated with octahedron geometry. 2 is also a 1D chain structure in which there are two crystallographically independent CdII ions in the asymmetric unit and exist transformative L2ʹ ligands in the resulting complex. 3 and 4 both possess 2D layer network with the same (4, 82) topology, while the two complexes take different coordination modes during the forming of the compounds. 5 has a 1D chain structure based on the transformative L2ʹ ligand in which ZnII ion is five-coordinated with bipyramidal geometry. 6 and 7 both have 1D chain structure constructed from L3 ligand. Thereinto, ZnII ion in 6 is five-coordinated by three oxygen atoms from two individual L3 ligands and two oxygen atoms from two DMF molecules. While in 7 there are also five coordination sites occupied by two carboxylate oxygen atoms from two L3 ligands. In addition, the compounds are characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra. The luminescent properties of the compounds are also discussed and exhibit strong fluorescent emissions in the solid state.

  2. Interaction of a dinuclear fluorescent Cd(II) complex of calix[4]arene conjugate with phosphates and its applicability in cell imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sreenivasu Mummidivarapu, V V; Hinge, Vijaya Kumar; Rao, Chebrolu Pulla

    2015-01-21

    A triazole-linked hydroxyethylimino conjugate of calix[4]arene () and its cadmium complex have been synthesized and characterized, and their structures have been established. In the complex, both the Cd(2+) centers are bound by an N2O4 core, and one of it is a distorted octahedral, whereas the other is a trigonal anti-prism. The fluorescence intensity of the di-nuclear Cd(ii) complex is quenched only in the presence of phosphates and not with other anions studied owing to their binding affinities and the nature of the interaction of the phosphates with Cd(2+). These are evident even from their absorption spectra. Different phosphates exhibit changes in both their fluorescence as well as absorption spectra to varying extents, suggesting their differential interactions. Among the six phosphates, H2PO4(-) has higher fluorescence quenching even at low equivalents of this ion, whereas P2O7(4-) shows only 50% quenching even at 10 equivalents. The fluorescence quenching is considerable even at 20 ppb (0.2 μM) of H2PO4(-), whereas all other phosphates require a concentration of 50-580 ppb to exhibit the same effect on fluorescence spectra. Thus, the interaction of H2PO4(-) is more effective by ∼30 fold as compared to that of P2O7(4-). Fluorescence quenching by phosphate is due to the release of from its original cadmium complex via the formation of a ternary species followed by the capture of Cd(2+) by the phosphate, as delineated based on the combination of spectral techniques, such as absorption, emission, (1)H NMR and ESI MS. The relative interactive abilities of the six phosphates differ from each other. The removal of Cd(2+) is demonstrated to be reversible by the repeated addition of the phosphate followed by Cd(2+). The characteristics of the ternary species formed in each of these six phosphates have been computationally modeled using molecular mechanics. The computational study revealed that the coordination between cadmium and -CH2-CH2-OH breaks and new

  3. THE EFFECT OF PVC-BASED MEMBRANE COMPOSITION AND Zn(II, Cd(II AND Pb(II INTERFERING IONS TO Hg(II ION SELECTIVE ELECTRODE (ISE PERFORMANCE BY USING DBA218C6 IONOPHORE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abd. Wahid Wahab

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The effect of PVC (Polyvinylchloride-Based Membrane Composition to Ion Selective Electrode (ISE-Hg(II Performance using Ionophore DBA218C6 (N,N'-Dibenzyl-1,4,10,13-tetraoxa-7,16-diazacyclo octadecane,  Plasticizer NPOE (Nitrophenyl Octhyl Ether, Anionic Site KTCPB (Potassium Tetrakis (4-chloro phenyl borate have been performed. Membrane compositions used were:(a PVC (30 mg, NPOE (60 mg, DBA218C6(6 mg and KTCPB (4 mg; (b PVC(30 mg, NPOE (60 mg, DBA218C6(7 mg and KTCPB (3 mg; (c PVC (30 mg, NPOE (59 mg, DBA218C6 (8 mg and KTCPB( 3 mg. The concentration range of interference ions Zn(II, Cd(II and Pb(II  were 1.0 x 10-3 - 1.0 x 10-1 M. ISE-Hg(II performance for membrane composition of 30 : 60 : 6 : 4 was 26.34 mV per decade (Nernstian Slope value on Hg(II concentration range of 1.0x10-6 - 1.0 x 10-1 M , membrane composition of 30 : 60 : 7 : 3 was 27.71 mV per decade on Hg(II concentration range of 1.0 x10-6 - 1.0 x10-1 M, and membrane composition of 30 : 59 : 8 : 3 was 28.52 mV per decade on Hg(II concentration range of  1.0 x10-6 - 1.0 x10-1 M with activity between pH 1.0-3.0. The concentration of interference ions : Zn(II, Cd(II and Pb(II in the range of 1.0 x 10-3 - 1.0 x 10-1 M with the ratio of the primary ion to interference ions of 4 : 1 gave real effect. As results, selectivities and sensitivities between ISE-Hg(II and Ionophore DBA218C6 could be determined by PVC-Based Membrane Composition and the effect of Zn(II, Cd(II and Pb(II  interference ions was observed in the concentration of 1,0 x10-3 - 1,0 x10-1 M.   Keywords: membrane composition effect, ionophore DBA218C6, ISE-Hg(II

  4. Syntheses, spectroscopic and thermal analyses of the hofmann-type metal(II tetra- cyanonickelate(II pyridazine complexes: {[M(pdzNi(CN4]∙H2O}n (M = Zn(II or Cd(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Karaağaç

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Two new Hofmann-type complexes in the form of {[M(pdzNi(CN4]·H2O}n [where pdz = pyridazine; M = Zn(II and M = Cd(II] have been synthesized as a powder and their structural properties have been characterized by vibrational (FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy, thermal and elemental analysis. The spectral and thermal analysis results suggest that these complexes are similar in structure to the Hofmann type complexes and their structures consist of polymeric layers of │M−Ni(CN4│∞ with the pdz bound to the metal (M atom. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v29i3.9

  5. Spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman, 1H, 13C NMR, UV/VIS), thermogravimetric and antimicrobial studies of Ca(II), Mn(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes of ferulic acid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalinowska, M.; Piekut, J.; Bruss, A.; Follet, C.; Sienkiewicz-Gromiuk, J.; Świsłocka, R.; Rzączyńska, Z.; Lewandowski, W.

    2014-03-01

    The molecular structure of Mn(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Ca(II) ferulates (4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamates) was studied. The selected metal ferulates were synthesized. Their composition was established by means of elementary and thermogravimetric analysis. The following spectroscopic methods were used: infrared (FT-IR), Raman (FT-Raman), nuclear magnetic resonance (13C, 1H NMR) and ultraviolet-visible (UV/VIS). On the basis of obtained results the electronic charge distribution in studied metal complexes in comparison with ferulic acid molecule was discussed. The microbiological study of ferulic acid and ferulates toward Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Candida albicans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus vulgaris was done.

  6. Synthesis and characterization of heterobimetallic complexes of the type [Cu(pn2][MCl4] where M = Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II, Zn(II, Cd(II, and Hg(II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seema Yadav

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available A series of new bimetallic transition metal complexes of the type [Cu(pn2] [MCl4] have been synthesized (where M = Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II, Zn(II, Cd(II and Hg(II, pn = 1,3-diaminopropane and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, TGA, IR and electronic spectra. All the compounds are 1:1 electrolyte in DMF. The Cu(II ion is square-planar while metal ions in the anionic moiety acquire their usual tetrahedral arrangement. On the basis of these studies it is concluded that anionic moiety is electrically stabilized by its cationic counterpart.

  7. Geobacter daltonii sp. nov., an Fe(III)- and uranium(VI)-reducing bacterium isolated from a shallow subsurface exposed to mixed heavy metal and hydrocarbon contamination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Om; Gihring, Thomas M; Dalton, Dava D; Chin, Kuk-Jeong; Green, Stefan J; Akob, Denise M; Wanger, Greg; Kostka, Joel E

    2010-03-01

    An Fe(III)- and uranium(VI)-reducing bacterium, designated strain FRC-32(T), was isolated from a contaminated subsurface of the USA Department of Energy Oak Ridge Field Research Center (ORFRC) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, where the sediments are exposed to mixed waste contamination of radionuclides and hydrocarbons. Analyses of both 16S rRNA gene and the Geobacteraceae-specific citrate synthase (gltA) mRNA gene sequences retrieved from ORFRC sediments indicated that this strain was abundant and active in ORFRC subsurface sediments undergoing uranium(VI) bioremediation. The organism belonged to the subsurface clade of the genus Geobacter and shared 92-98 % 16S rRNA gene and 75-81 % rpoB gene sequence similarities with other recognized species of the genus. In comparison to its closest relative, Geobacter uraniireducens Rf4(T), according to 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain FRC-32(T) showed a DNA-DNA relatedness value of 21 %. Cells of strain FRC-32(T) were Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, curved rods, 1.0-1.5 microm long and 0.3-0.5 microm in diameter; the cells formed pink colonies in a semisolid cultivation medium, a characteristic feature of the genus Geobacter. The isolate was an obligate anaerobe, had temperature and pH optima for growth at 30 degrees C and pH 6.7-7.3, respectively, and could tolerate up to 0.7 % NaCl although growth was better in the absence of NaCl. Similar to other members of the Geobacter group, strain FRC-32(T) conserved energy for growth from the respiration of Fe(III)-oxyhydroxide coupled with the oxidation of acetate. Strain FRC-32(T) was metabolically versatile and, unlike its closest relative, G. uraniireducens, was capable of utilizing formate, butyrate and butanol as electron donors and soluble ferric iron (as ferric citrate) and elemental sulfur as electron acceptors. Growth on aromatic compounds including benzoate and toluene was predicted from preliminary genomic analyses and was confirmed through successive transfer with

  8. Reductive immobilization of U(VI) in Fe(III) oxide-reducing subsurface sediments: Analysis of coupled microbial-geochemical processes in experimental reactive transport systems. Final Scientific/Technical Report-EMSP 73914

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eric E. Roden Matilde M. Urrutia Mark O. Barnett Clifford R. Lange

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to provide information to DOE on microbiological and geochemical processes underlying the potential use of dissimilatory metal-reducing bacteria (DMRB) to create subsurface redox barriers for immobilization of uranium and other redox-sensitive metal/radionuclide contaminants that were released to the environment in large quantities during Cold War nuclear weapons manufacturing operations. Several fundamental scientific questions were addressed in order to understand and predict how such treatment procedures would function under in situ conditions in the subsurface. These questions revolved the coupled microbial-geochemical phenomena which are likely to occur within a redox barrier treatment zone, and on the dynamic interactions between hydrologic flux and biogeochemical process rates. First, we assembled a robust conceptual understanding and numerical framework for modeling the kinetics of microbial Fe(III) oxide reduction and associated DMRB growth in sediments. Development of this framework is a critical prerequisite for predicting the potential effectiveness of DMRB-promoted subsurface bioremediation, since Fe(III) oxides are expected to be the primary source of electron-accepting capacity for growth and maintenance of DMRB in subsurface environments. We also defined in detail the kinetics of microbial (enzymatic) versus abiotic, ferrous iron-promoted reduction of U(VI) in the presence and absence of synthetic and natural Fe(III) oxide materials. The results of these studies suggest that (i) the efficiency of dissolved U(VI) scavenging may be influenced by the kinetics of enzymatic U(VI) reduction in systems with relative short fluid residence times; (2) association of U(VI) with diverse surface sites in natural soils and sediments has the potential to limit the rate and extent of microbial U(VI) reduction, and in turn modulate the effectiveness of in situ U(VI) bioremediation; and (3) abiotic, ferrous iron (Fe(II)) drive n U

  9. Influence of Reactive Transport on the Reduction of U(VI) in the Presence of Fe(III) and Nitrate: Implications for U(VI) Immobilization by Bioremediation/Biobarriers - Final Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    B.D. Wood

    2007-01-01

    Subsurface contamination by metals and radionuclides represent some of the most challenging remediation problems confronting the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. In situ remediation of these contaminants by dissimilatory metal reducing bacteria (DMRB) has been proposed as a potential cost effective remediation strategy. The primary focus of this research is to determine the mechanisms by which the fluxes of electron acceptors, electron donors, and other species can be controlled to maximize the transfer of reductive equivalents to the aqueous and solid phases. The proposed research is unique in the NABIR portfolio in that it focuses on (i) the role of flow and transport in the initiation of biostimulation and the successful sequestration of metals and radionuclides [specifically U(VI)], (ii) the subsequent reductive capacity and stability of the reduced sediments produced by the biostimulation process, and (iii) the potential for altering the growth of biomass in the subsurface by the addition of specific metabolic uncoupling compounds. A scientifically-based understanding of these phenomena are critical to the ability to design successful bioremediation schemes. The laboratory research will employ Shewanella putrefaciens (CN32), a facultative DMRB that can use Fe(III) oxides as a terminal electron acceptor. Sediment-packed columns will be inoculated with this organism, and the reduction of U(VI) by the DMRB will be stimulated by the addition of a carbon and energy source in the presence of Fe(III). Separate column experiments will be conducted to independently examine: (1) the importance of the abiotic reduction of U(VI) by biogenic Fe(II); (2) the influence of the transport process on Fe(III) reduction and U(VI) immobilization, with emphasis on methods for controlling the fluxes of aqueous species to maximize uranium reduction; (3) the reductive capacity of biologically-reduced sediments (with respect to re-oxidation by convective fluxes of O2 and NO3-) and

  10. Estudio del equilibrio y cinética de adsorción de Cd(II, Ni(II y Cr(VI usando Quitosano y Quitosano modificado con cobre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Benavente

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo, se estudió el equilibrio y la cinética de adsorción de Cd(II, Ni(II en quitosano y Cr(VI en quitosano modificado con cobre. Para ello, soluciones de iones metálicos a diferentes concentraciones, fueron puestas en contacto con el adsorbente y se agitaron por un período de 3 – 4 h. Al final del proceso, las muestras fueron analizadas en un espectrómetro de absorción atómica. Los datos experimentales del equilibrio de adsorción de los iones metálicos fueron evaluados aplicando las isotermas de Langmuir y Freundlich; mientras los datos cinéticos fueron evaluados utilizando los modelos cinéticos de pseudo-primer orden y pseudo-segundo orden. Los resultados del proceso demostraron que los iones fueron eficazmente adsorbidos por el quitosano (Cd y Ni y por el Cu-quitosano (Cr. Además, se comprobó que los datos experimentales del equilibrio de adsorción de Cr(VI y Ni(II se ajustan al modelo de Langmuir; mientras que los datos experimentales del Cd(II fueron mejor ajustados por el modelo de Freundlich. Mediante el uso de la isoterma de Langmuir se determinó la capacidad máxima de adsorción de cromo (29.7 mg/g Cu-quitosano, cadmio (102.0 mg/g quitosano y níquel (83.31 mg/g quitosano. Los resultados de la cinética de adsorción de los iones metálicos mostraron que los datos experimentales fueron mejor ajustados por el modelo de pseudo-segundo orden; es decir, el paso limitante en la velocidad es la reacción de adsorción y no la transferencia de masa.

  11. Application of machine/statistical learning, artificial intelligence and statistical experimental design for the modeling and optimization of methylene blue and Cd(ii) removal from a binary aqueous solution by natural walnut carbon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazaheri, H; Ghaedi, M; Ahmadi Azqhandi, M H; Asfaram, A

    2017-05-10

    that BRT could be a powerful tool for the modeling and optimizing of removal of MB and Cd(ii). Sensitivity analysis (calculated from the weight of neurons in ANN) confirmed that the adsorbent mass and pH were the essential factors affecting the removal of MB and Cd(ii), with relative importances of 28.82% and 38.34%, respectively. A good agreement (R 2 > 0.960) between the predicted and experimental values was obtained. Maximum removal (R% > 99) was achieved at an initial dye concentration of 15 mg L -1 , a Cd 2+ concentration of 20 mg L -1 , a pH of 5.2, an adsorbent mass of 0.55 g and a time of 35 min.

  12. Adsorption studies of Cd(II) onto Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} mixed oxide dispersed on silica matrix and its on-line preconcentration and determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendonca Costa, Lucimara [Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Quimica da Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Rua Gabriel Monteiro da Silva, 700, Alfenas-MG, CEP 37130-000 (Brazil); Ribeiro, Emerson Schwingel [Instituto de Quimica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, CEP 21941-909 (Brazil); Segatelli, Mariana Gava [Departamento de Quimica, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Rod. Celso Garcia Cid, PR 445 Km 380, Campus Universitario, Londrina-PR, CEP 86051-990 (Brazil); Nascimento, Danielle Raphael do [Instituto de Quimica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, CEP 21941-909 (Brazil); Midori de Oliveira, Fernanda [Departamento de Quimica, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Rod. Celso Garcia Cid, PR 445 Km 380, Campus Universitario, Londrina-PR, CEP 86051-990 (Brazil); Tarley, Cesar Ricardo Teixeira, E-mail: tarley@uel.br [Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Quimica da Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Rua Gabriel Monteiro da Silva, 700, Alfenas-MG, CEP 37130-000 (Brazil); Departamento de Quimica, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Rod. Celso Garcia Cid, PR 445 Km 380, Campus Universitario, Londrina-PR, CEP 86051-990 (Brazil)

    2011-05-15

    The present study describes the adsorption characteristic of Cd(II) onto Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} mixed oxide dispersed on silica matrix. The characterization of the adsorbent has been carried out by infrared spectroscopy (IR), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis (EDXRF) and specific surface area (S{sub BET}). From batch experiments, adsorption kinetic of Cd(II) was described by a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The Langmuir linear isotherm fitted to the experimental adsorption isotherm very well, and the maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 17.88 mg g{sup -1}. Using the effective material, a method for Cd(II) preconcentration at trace level was developed. The method was based on on-line adsorption of Cd(II) onto SiO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} at pH 8.64, in which the quantitative desorption occurs with 1.0 mol L{sup -1} hydrochloric acid towards FAAS detector. The experimental parameters related to the system were studied by means of multivariate analysis, using 2{sup 4} full factorial design and Doehlert matrix. The effect of SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}, Cu{sup 2+}, Zn{sup 2+} and Ni{sup 2+} foreign ions showed no interference at 1:100 analyte:interferent proportion. Under the most favorable experimental conditions, the preconcentration system provided a preconcentration factor of 18.4 times, consumption index of 1.08 mL, sample throughput of 14 h{sup -1}, concentration efficiency of 4.35 min{sup -1}, linear range from 5.0 up to 35.0 {mu}g L{sup -1} and limits of detection and quantification of 0.19 and 0.65 {mu}g L{sup -1} respectively. The feasibility of the proposed method for Cd(II) determination was assessed by analysis of water samples, cigarette sample and certified reference materials TORT-2 (Lobster hepatopancreas) and DOLT-4 (Dogfish liver).

  13. Analytical applications of some macro-schiff's bases for spectrophotometric determination of some metal ions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahmed, N. A. M.

    2005-06-01

    In this research three schiff's bases PAD, N, NBPAD and N, NBHPAD were synthesized by condensation of o-phenylenediamine with p-aminoacetophenone, to give an intermediate which then further condensed with benzil, and 2,5 hexanedione, respectively, in ethanol to give macro schiff's bases. These schiff's bases were identified using I.R spectra, UV/VIS spectrophotometer, elemental analyzer, and melting point. Their applications as analytical reagents were studied using UV/VIS spectrophotometer with Pb(II), Cr(VI), Cu(II), Cd(II), V(V), Ni(II), Hg(II), Zn(II), Co(II), Fe(II) and Fe(III). Various parameters were investigated in order to find their optimum conditions for the analytical application of these schiff's bases. These include the effect of solvent, the effect of micelle as well as the presence of foreign metal ions. Good results were obtained for determination of Cr(VI), and V(V) with N, NBPAD in terms of linearity detection limit, and interference, and for the determination of Fe(II) with N, NBHPAD. The stoichiometry of some these complexes was determined. The study also showed a good results for the determination of Hg(II), and Pb(II) (two serious environmental pollutants) if interference is removed.(Author)

  14. Determination of some metal ions in various meat and baby food samples by atomic spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daşbaşı, Teslima; Saçmacı, Şerife; Ülgen, Ahmet; Kartal, Şenol

    2016-04-15

    In this paper, we report a simple and rapid solid phase extraction system for the separation/preconcentration and determination of Cd(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Fe(III), Cr(III), Pb(II), and Zn(II) ions by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). This method is based upon the retention of metal ions on a column packed with poly[N-(3-methyl-1H-indole-1-yl)]-2-methacrylamide-co-2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulphonic acid-co divinylbenzene] (MMAD) resin as a solid-phase extraction (SPE) sorbent at pH 8. At the optimized conditions, the limits of detection (3 s/b) between 0.12 and 1.6 μg L(-1), preconcentration factor of 100, and the relative standard deviation of ⩽1.8% were achieved (n=10). The accuracy of the method was verified by analyzing certified reference materials (CRMs) and performing recovery experiments. The developed method was successfully applied to the various natural water, meat products and baby food samples. The recoveries of analyte ions were found in added real samples and CRMs from 95% to 102%. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Determination of heavy metals at sub-ppm levels in seawater and dialysis solutions by FAAS after tetrakis(pyridine)-nickel(II)bis(thiocyanate) coprecipitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Uğur; Kartal, Senol; Ulgen, Ahmet

    2008-06-01

    A coprecipitation method has been developed for the determination of Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions in aqueous samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) with the combination of pyridine, nickel(II) as a carrier element and potassium thiocyanate as an auxiliary complexing agent. The obtained coprecipitates were dissolved with nitric acid and measured by FAAS. The coprecipitation conditions, such as the effect of the pH, amounts of nickel, pyridine and potassium thiocyanate, sample volume, and the standing time of the precipitate formation were examined in detail. It was found that the metal ions studied were quantitatively coprecipitated with tetrakis(pyridine)-nickel(II)bis(thiocyanate) precipitate (TP-Ni-BT) in the pH range of 9.0 - 10.5. The reliability of the results was evaluated by recovery tests, using synthetic seawater solutions spiked with the analyte metal ions. The obtained recoveries ranged from 96 to 101% for all of the metal ions investigated. The proposed method was validated by analyses of two certified reference materials (NIST SRM 2711 Montana soil and HPS Certified Waste Water Trace Metals Lot #D532205). It was also successfully applied to seawater and dialysis solution samples. The detection limits (n = 25, 3s) were in the range of 0.01-2.44 microg l(-1) for the studied elements and the relative standard deviations were seawater and dialysis solution having high salt contents.

  16. Application of voltammetric methods for the analysis of gold and other transition metals in quartzite rock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamrakar, Praveen Kumar; Pitre, Krishna Sadashiv

    2004-04-01

    Simple, rapid and accurate voltammetric methods viz. DCP, DPP and DPASV have been presented for the trace determination of gold and other transition metals in quartzite rock sample. The analysis has been performed using 0.1 M(NH4)2 tartrate, 0.1 M NaClO4 and 1 M NaOH as supporting electrolyte with 0.001% gelatin as maximum suppressor. The results show the presence of CuII(10.70), CoII(4.72), FeIII(66.96), AuIII(0.066), ZnII(1.68) and CdII(0.62) mg x g(-1) metal ions from the sample. Gold produced a well defined wave/peak with E1,2/Ep = -0.61 V/-0.64 V vs SCE, in 1 M NaOH supporting electrolyte. The quantitative analysis of metal inos was carried out by the method of standard addition. Statistical treatment of the observed voltammetric data reveals high accuracy and good precision of determination. The observed voltammetric results are comparable with those obtained using AAS method.

  17. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, antimicrobial and antitumor studies of mono-, bi- and tri-nuclear metal complexes of a new Schiff base ligand derived from o-acetoacetylphenol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adly, Omima M. I.; Shebl, Magdy; El-Shafiy, Hoda F.; Khalil, Saied M. E.; Taha, A.; Mahdi, Mohammed A. N.

    2017-12-01

    New mono-, bi- and trinuclear metal complexes of Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and UO2(VI) with a new Schiff base ligand H3L; ((E)-2-hydroxy-N‧-(4-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxobutan-2-ylidene)) benzohydrazide (H3L) have been synthesized. The ligand and its metal complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR, electronic, ESR and mass spectra, conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements as well as thermal analyses. The metal complexes exhibited octahedral and tetrahedral geometrical arrangements. Kinetic parameters (Ea, A, ΔH, ΔS and ΔG) of the thermal decomposition stages have been evaluated using Coats-Redfern equations. Structural parameters of the synthesized compounds were calculated on the basis of DFT level implemented in the Gaussian 09 program and Hyperchem 7.52 and correlated with the experimental data. The antimicrobial activity of the present compounds was screened against Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis), Gram-negative bacteria (Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli), yeast (Candida albicans) and fungus (Aspergillus fumigatus). The antitumor activity of the ligand and its Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes was investigated against HepG2 cell line.

  18. Spectroscopic, thermal, antimicrobial and molecular modeling studies of mononuclear pentafunctional Schiff base metal chelates derived from 5-acetyl-4-hydroxy-2H-1,3-thiazine-2,6(3H)-dione

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adly, Omima M. I.; Taha, Ali; Fahmy, Shery A.

    2015-03-01

    A new pentafunctional N3O2 Schiff base, H2L ligand, and its metal chelates with Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), VO(IV), Zn(II), Cd(II), Ce(III), Cr(III), Fe(III) and UO2(VI) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, spectral, molar conductance, magnetic and thermal gravimetric studies. The results showed that the complexes have octahedral geometry except UO2 complex which has pentagonal bipyramidal arrangement. The TGA analyses suggest high stability for most complexes followed by thermal decomposition in different steps. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for decomposition steps of metal complexes thermograms have been calculated. Molecular orbital calculations were performed for the ligand and its metal complexes by means of hyperchem 7.52 program on the bases of semiempirical PM3 level and the results were correlated with the experimental data. The antimicrobial activity of the synthesized compounds were tested in vitro against some Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; yeast and fungus strains and the results were discussed in terms of extended Lewis acid-base interactions.

  19. Comparative Study of Catalytic Oxidation of Ethanol to Acetaldehyde Using Fe(III Dispersed on Sb2O5 Grafted on SiO2 and on Untreated SiO2 Surfaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benvenutti Edilson V.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Fe(III was supported on Sb(V oxide grafted on the silica gel surface and directly on the silica gel surface using ion-exchange and impregnation processes producing Fe/Sb/SiO2 and Fe/SiO2, respectively. The catalytic conversion of ethanol to acetaldehyde was much more efficient using Fe/Sb/SiO2 than Fe/SiO2 as catalyst. This higher efficiency of the former catalyst takes into account two aspects: a the new phase FeSbO4 formed when Fe/Sb/SiO2 is heat treated and, b it is higher dispersion on the matrix.

  20. Biosynthesis, characterization and biological evalutation of Fe(III) and Cu(II) complexes of neoaspergillic acid, a hydroxamate siderophore produced by co-cultures of two marine-derived mangrove epiphytic fungi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Feng; Wu, Jingshu; Chen, Guangying; Lu, Weihong; Pan, Jiahui

    2011-08-01

    A hydroxamate siderophore, neoaspergillic acid (1), and a red pigment, ferrineoaspergillin (2) which is an Fe(III) complex of 1, were produced by co-cultures of two epiphytic fungi from a rotten fruit of the mangrove Avicennia marina from the South China Sea, and a new Cu(II) complex of 1, designated as cuprineoaspergillin (3), was also prepared by treatment of 1 with cupric acetate. All the compounds (1-3) were characterized by physical and chemical techniques, including 1H NMR, ESIMS, and photoelectron energy spectra. In the bioassays, compounds 1-3 showed significant inhibitory activities against selected Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and compound 1 also exhibited moderate inhibitory activities against human cancer cell lines SPC-A-1, BEL-7402, SGC-7901 and K562.

  1. Synthesis of a 3D lanthanum(III) MOFs as a multi-chemosensor to Cr(VI)-containing anion and Fe(III) cation based on a flexible ligand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Yang-Min; Liu, Tong; Huang, Wen-Huan

    2018-02-01

    Based on La(NO3)3·6H2O and 4,4‧-((5-carboxy-1,3-phenylene)bis(oxy))dibenzoic acid (H3cpbda), a 3D porous MOFs, [La(cpbda)(H2O)1.5]n (1), was synthesized by hydrothermal method and further characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, power X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, thermal-gravimetric analysis and fluorescence spectroscopy. Owing to its good stabilities and fluorescence property, the sensing experiments on sixteen cations and eleven anions were implemented. Moreover, the further titration processes show 1 can sensitively detect the Fe(III) cation and Cr(VI)-containing anions by quenching responses.

  2. Synthesis, spectral characterization, molecular modeling and antimicrobial activity of new potentially N2O2 Schiff base complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adly, Omima M. I.; Taha, Ali; Fahmy, Shery A.

    2013-12-01

    Metal complexes of a new potentially tetradentate symmetrical Schiff base ligand (H2L) with Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), VO(IV), Zn(II), Cd(II), Ce(III), Fe(III) and UO2(VI) metal ions have been synthesized and characterized based on their elemental analyses, spectral (IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR and mass spectra), magnetic and molar conductance studies as well as thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The synthesized complexes have the general formula [MHxL(H2O)yXn]: x = 0-1, y = 0-4 and n = 0-1; where: L = dianion of 6-hydroxy-5-[N-(2-{[(1E)-1-(6-hydroxy-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,3-thiazin-5-yl)ethylidene]amino}ethyl) ethanimidoyl]-2H-1,3-thiazine-2,4(3H)-dione and X = nitrate or sulphate anion. The ligand behaves as diabasic tetradentate N2O2 sites, except in cases of Co(II), VO(IV) and UO2(VI) metal ions, it behaves as monobasic tetradentate Schiff base ligand. The metal complexes exhibited square planar, square-pyramidal and octahedral geometrical arrangements except for Ce(III) and UO2(VI) complexes, they are octa-coordinated. The Coats-Redfern equation was used to calculate the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different thermal decomposition stages of some complexes. Structural parameters of the ligand and its metal complexes have been theoretically computed on the basis of semiemperical PM3 level, and the results were correlated with their experimental data. The antimicrobial activities of the ligand and its metal complexes were tested against some Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; and fungus strain and the results were discussed.

  3. Adsorption of Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) by dead Avena fatua biomass and the effect of these metals on their growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Areco, María Mar; Saleh-Medina, Leila; Trinelli, María Alcira; Marco-Brown, Jose Luis; Dos Santos Afonso, María

    2013-10-01

    The biosorption of copper(II), zinc(II), cadmium(II) and lead(II) from aqueous solutions by dead Avena fatua biomass and the effect of these metals on the growth of this wild oat were investigated. Pseudo-first- and second-order and intra-particle diffusion models were applied to describe the kinetic data and to evaluate the rate constants. The adsorption kinetics of all the metals follows a pseudo-second-order model. The adsorption capacity was determined, and the Freundlich and Langmuir models were applied. The experimental data obtained for all the metals are best described by the Langmuir model. A. fatua was characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and zeta potential. The results obtained evidence the presence of Zn(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) or Pb(II) on the surface of the weed. The growth of A. fatua was affected by the presence of all metals. The decrease in the growth rate with increasing metal concentration was more noticeable for zinc. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Preparation and Spectral Properties of Mixed-Ligand Complexes of VO(IV, Ni(II, Zn(II, Pd(II, Cd(II and Pb(II with Dimethylglyoxime and N-acetylglycine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shayma A. Shaker

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A number of mixed-ligand complexes of the general formula [M(D(G] where D=dimethylglyoximato monoanion, G=N-acetylglycinato and M=VO(IV, Ni(II, Zn(II, Pd(II, Cd(II and Pb(II were prepared. Each complex was characterized by elemental analysis, determination of metal, infrared spectra, electronic spectra, (1H and 13C NMR spectra, conductivity and magnetic moments. All these complexes were not soluble in some of the organic solvent but highly soluble in dimethylformamide. The conductivity data showed the non-electrolytic nature of the complexes. The electronic spectra exhibited absorption bands in the visible region caused by the d-d electronic transition such as VO(IV, Ni(II and Pd(II. The IR and (1H, 13C NMR spectra which have indicate that the dimethylglyoxime was coordinated with the metal ions through the N and O atoms of the oxime group and N-acetylglycine was coordinated with metal ions through the N atom and terminal carboxyl oxygen atom.

  5. Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Characterization of Cu(II) and Cd(II) Coordination Compounds Based on Ligand 2-(3-(Pyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)acetic Acid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Yajun; Wang, Cuijuan; Mao, Kaili; Liu, Xiaolei; Huang, Shuai; Tong, Yan; Zhou, Xianli [Southwest Jiaotong Univ., Chengdu (China)

    2014-07-15

    Two novel coordination compounds [Cu{sub 2}(pypya){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]·Cl·(H{sub 2}O){sub 5} and {[Cd(pypya)(ta)1/2]·H_2O}n (Hpypya=2-(3-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)acetic acid, H{sub 2}ta=terephthalic acid) were synthesized and characterized by single X-ray diffraction. Structure determination reveals that complex and complex crystallize in the triclinic system, with the P-1 space group. The asymmetric unit of contains two Cu(II) ions, and their coordination modes are different. These units of complex are linked together via hydrogen bonds and π-π interactions, and the 3D structure of complex was formed. Complex, a mononuclear Cd(II) coordination compound, has a 2D structure which was constructed via coordination bonds. TGA and fluorescence spectra analysis of complex and complex have also been studied. In addition, the geometry parameters of complex have been optimized with the B3LYP method of density functional theory (DFT) to explain its coordination behavior. The electronic properties of the complex and ligand Hpypya have been investigated based on the nature bond orbital (NBO) analysis at the B3LYP level of theory. The result verifies that the synergistic effect have occurred in the compound.

  6. In situ reactive zone with modified Mg(OH)2for remediation of heavy metal polluted groundwater: Immobilization and interaction of Cr(III), Pb(II) and Cd(II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Jun; Li, Bowen; Bao, Qiburi

    2017-04-01

    Mg(OH) 2 dissolves slowly and can provide a long-term source of alkalinity, thus a promising alternative reagent for the in situ remediation of heavy metal polluted groundwater. However, the application of Mg(OH) 2 on in situ reactive zone (IRZ) for heavy metal polluted groundwater has never been investigated. In this study, the behaviors of heavy metals in a Mg(OH) 2 IRZ were monitored for 45d. The heavy metals show a sequential precipitation by modified Mg(OH) 2 due to the difference of K sp . Column tests were conducted to investigate the temporal and spatial distribution of heavy metals in Mg(OH) 2 IRZ and evaluate the stabilization effect for multi-heavy metal polluted groundwater. Experimental results indicate that there exist interactions between different heavy metals, and their zoning distribution is attributed either to the competitive adsorption onto porous media (control column) or to the sequential precipitation of heavy metal ions (IRZ column). In contrast with the control column, heavy metal contaminated area in Mg(OH) 2 IRZ significantly shrinks. According to the chemical speciation analysis, when water containing Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) flows through Mg(OH) 2 IRZ, exchangeable fraction of total concentration significantly reduce and the proportion of carbonate and Fe/Mn oxides fraction increase, indicating the decrease of their mobility and toxicity. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Effect of adsorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions in the presence of EDTA on the characteristics of electrical double layers at the ion exchanger/NaCl electrolyte solution interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kołodyńska, Dorota; Skwarek, Ewa; Hubicki, Zbigniew; Janusz, Władysław

    2009-05-15

    The main propose of this work was to describe the basic parameters of electrical double layer structures of the ion exchanger/NaCl before and after the sorption process of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions in the presence of the complexing agent EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid). In the studies the following ion exchangers were used: cation exchangers Micro-ionex (in the H(+) and NH(+)(4) forms), Dowex 50W x 4 (in the H(+) form), and Dowex 50W x 12 (in the H(+) form); anion exchangers Dowex 1 x 4 (in the Cl(-) form) and Dowex 1 x 8 (in the Cl(-) form). Study of the physicochemical properties of the sample surface was carried out. The influence of ionic strength, pH, and solution interface was investigated. Electrophoretic mobility, surface charge density, and parameters for different concentrations of the electrolytes under question were presented. pH was changed from 3 to 10. The studies were carried out for the M(II)-EDTA = 1:1 system. The effects of the concentration of the solution containing the above-noted complexes and of the ion exchange/solution phase contact time on sorption capacities of the ion exchangers under consideration were studied. Kinetic parameters of the sorption process were also determined.

  8. Assembly of ZnII and CdII coordination polymers with different dimensionalities based on the semi-flexible 3-(1H-benzimidazol-2-ylpropanoic acid ligand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-Yan Li

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Two new coordination polymers, namely, poly[[μ3-3-(1H-benzimidazol-2-ylpropionato]zinc(II], [Zn(C10H8N2O2]n, (1, and poly[bis[μ2-3-(1H-benzimidazol-2-ylpropionato]cadmium(II], [Cd(C10H8N2O22]n, (2 have been synthesized from 3-(1H-benzoimidazol-2-ylpropanoic acid ligands through a mixed-ligand synthetic strategy under a solvothermal environment, and studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Complex 1 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pbca and features a two-dimensional structure formed by a binuclear Zn2O4 core. Complex 2, however, crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c and forms a one-dimensional chain structure. The ZnII and CdII ions have different coordination numbers and the 3-(1H-benzoimidazol-2-ylpropanoate ligands display different coordination modes. The structures reported here show the importance of the selection of metal ions and suitable ligands.

  9. Synthesis, Spectroscopy, Theoretical, and Electrochemical Studies of Zn(II, Cd(II, and Hg(II Azide and Thiocyanate Complexes of a New Symmetric Schiff-Base Ligand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morteza Montazerozohori

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Synthesis of zinc(II/cadmium(II/mercury(II thiocyanate and azide complexes of a new bidentate Schiff-base ligand (L with general formula of MLX2 (M = Zn(II, Cd(II, and Hg(II in ethanol solution at room temperature is reported. The ligand and metal complexes were characterized by using ultraviolet-visible (UV-visible, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR, 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy and physical characterization, CHN analysis, and molar conductivity. 1H- and 13C-NMR spectra have been studied in DMSO-d6. The reasonable shifts of FT-IR and NMR spectral signals of the complexes with respect to the free ligand confirm well coordination of Schiff-base ligand and anions in an inner sphere coordination space. The conductivity measurements as well as spectral data indicated that the complexes are nonelectrolyte. Theoretical optimization on the structure of ligand and its complexes was performed at the Becke’s three-parameter hybrid functional (B3 with the nonlocal correlation of Lee-Yang-Parr (LYP level of theory with double-zeta valence (LANL2DZ basis set using GAUSSIAN 03 suite of program, and then some theoretical structural parameters such as bond lengths, bond angles, and torsion angles were obtained. Finally, electrochemical behavior of ligand and its complexes was investigated. Cyclic voltammograms of metal complexes showed considerable changes with respect to free ligand.

  10. A two-dimensional CdII coordination polymer: poly[diaqua[μ3-5,6-bis(pyridin-2-ylpyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylato-κ5O2:O3:O3,N4,N5]cadmium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monserrat Alfonso

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The reaction of 5,6-bis(pyridin-2-ylpyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid with cadmium dichloride leads to the formation of the title two-dimensional coordination polymer, [Cd(C16H8N4O4(H2O2]n. The metal atom is sevenfold coordinated by one pyrazine and one pyridine N atom, two water O atoms, and by two carboxylate O atoms, one of which bridges two CdII atoms to form a Cd2O2 unit situated about a centre of inversion. Hence, the ligand coordinates to the cadmium atom in an N,N′,O-tridentate and an O-monodentate manner. Within the polymer network, there are a number of O—H...O hydrogen bonds present, involving the water molecules and the carboxylate O atoms. There are also C—H...N and C—H...O hydrogen bonds present. In the crystal, the polymer networks lie parallel to the bc plane. They are aligned back-to-back along the a axis with the non-coordinating pyridine rings directed into the space between the networks.

  11. Synthesis, characterization, computational studies, antimicrobial activities and carbonic anhydrase inhibitor effects of 2-hydroxy acetophenone-N-methyl p-toluenesulfonylhydrazone and its Co(II), Pd(II), Pt(II) complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özbek, Neslihan; Alyar, Saliha; Memmi, Burcu Koçak; Gündüzalp, Ayla Balaban; Bahçeci, Zafer; Alyar, Hamit

    2017-01-01

    2-Hydroxyacetophenone-N-methyl p-toluenesulfonylhydrazone (afptsmh) derived from p-toluenesulfonicacid-1-methylhydrazide (ptsmh) and its Co(II), Pd(II), Pt(II) complexes were synthesized for the first time. Synthesized compounds were characterized by spectroscopic methods (FT-IR, 1Hsbnd 13C NMR, LC-MS, UV-vis), magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurements. 1H and 13C shielding tensors for crystal structure of ligand were calculated with GIAO/DFT/B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) methods in CDCl3. The vibrational band assignments were performed at B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) theory level combined with scaled quantum mechanics force field (SQMFF) methodology. The antibacterial activities of synthesized compounds were studied against some Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria by using microdilution and disc diffusion methods. In vitro enzyme inhibitory effects of the compounds were measured by UV-vis spectrophotometer. The enzyme activities against human carbonic anhydrase II (hCA II) were evaluated as IC50 (the half maximal inhibitory concentration) values. It was found that afptsmh and its metal complexes have inhibitory effects on hCA II isoenzyme. General esterase activities were determined using alpha and beta naphtyl acetate substrates (α- and β-NAs) of Drosophila melanogaster (D. melanogaster). Activity results show that afptsmh does not strongly affect the bacteria strains and also shows poor inhibitory activity against hCAII isoenzyme whereas all complexes posses higher biological activities.

  12. Determinação espectrofotométrica indireta de capsaicinoides em pimentas Capsicum a partir da reação com o complexo de Co(II com 4-(2-piridilazo resorcinol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Tonon de Souza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Capsaicinoids (CAPS are substances responsible for pungency in Capsicum. It is important to quantify these types of compounds owing to their broad application in food, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and chemical weapons. In this work, we developed an indirect spectrophotometric method based on the colorimetric reaction between CAPS, Co(II 3.10×10-5 mol L-1 and 4-(2-pyridylazo resorcinol (PAR 6.23×10-5 and, in cachaça:water 92:8v/v solutions, for quantification of total CAPS in Capsicum peppers. The product of the reaction is CoPAR2CAPS2 and its absorption in aquo-ethanolic solution at 510 nm is proportional to the total CAPS concentration from 0.60 to 17.94 mg L-1. The values of limit of detection and limit of quantification were 0.0004 and 0.001 mg of CAPS/g of pepper, respectively, with 4% relative standard deviation. The developed method yielded similar results to those obtained from high performance liquid chromatography, with 95% of confidence.

  13. Synthesis and characterization of VO(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of chromone based azo-linked Schiff base ligand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anitha, C; Sheela, C D; Tharmaraj, P; Johnson Raja, S

    2012-12-01

    Azo-Schiff-base complexes of VO(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-Vis, (1)H NMR, mass spectra, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurement, electron spin resonance (EPR), CV, fluorescence, NLO and SEM. The conductance data indicate the nonelectrolytic nature of the complexes, except VO(II) complex which is electrolytic in nature. On the basis of electronic spectra and magnetic susceptibility octahedral geometry has been proposed for the complexes. The EPR spectra of copper and oxovanadium complexes in DMSO at 300 and 77K were recorded and its salient features are reported. The redox behavior of the copper(II) complex was studied using cyclic voltammetry. The in vitro antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica typhi, Bacillus subtilis and Candida strains was studied and compared with that of free ligand by well-diffusion technique. The azo Schiff base exhibited fluorescence properties originating from intraligand (π-π(*)) transitions and metal-mediated enhancement is observed on complexation and so the synthesized complexes can serve as potential photoactive materials as indicated from their characteristic fluorescence properties. On the basis of the optimized structures, the second-order nonlinear optical properties (NLO) are calculated by using second-harmonic generation (SHG) and also the surface morphology of the complexes was studied by SEM. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Scanning tunneling microscopy investigation of nano-structured α-K5PW11(M x OH2)O39(M = Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), and Zn(II)) Keggin heteropolyacid catalyst monolayers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jung Ho; Kang, Tae Hun; Bang, Yongju; Yoo, Jaekyeong; Jun, Jin Oh; Song, In Kyu

    2014-11-01

    Nano-structured α-K5PW11(M x OH2)O39 (M = Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), and Zn(II)) Keggin heteropolyacids (HPAs) were investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and tunneling spectroscopy (TS) measurements in order to elucidate their redox property and oxidation catalysis. HPA molecules formed two-dimensional self-assembled monolayer arrays on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) surface. Furthermore, HPAs exhibited a distinctive current-voltage behavior referred to as negative differential resistance (NDR) phenomenon. The measured NDR peak voltage of HPAs was correlated with the reduction potential and the absorption edge energy determined by electrochemical method and UV-visible spectroscopy, respectively. NDR peak voltage of HPAs appeared at less negative voltage with increasing reduction potential and with decreasing UV-visible absorption edge energy. The correlations strongly suggested that NDR phenomenon was closely related to the redox property of HPAs. Vapor-phase oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde was carried out as a model reaction to track the oxidation catalysis of HPAs. NDR peak voltage appeared at less negative voltage with increasing yield for benzaldehyde.

  15. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, DNA interaction and biological activities of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes with [(1H-1,2,4-triazole-3-ylimino)methyl]naphthalene-2-ol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaber, Mohamed; El-Wakiel, Nadia A.; El-Ghamry, Hoda; Fathalla, Shaimaa K.

    2014-11-01

    Manganese(II), cobalt(II), nickel(II) and copper(II) complexes of [(1H-1,2,4-triazole-3-ylimino)methyl]naphthalene-2-ol have been synthesized. The structure of complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic moment measurements and spectral (IR, 1H NMR, EI-mass, UV-Vis and ESR), and thermal studies. The results showed that the chloro and nitrato Cu(II) complexes have octahedral geometry while Ni(II), Co(II) and Mn(II) complexes in addition to acetato Cu(II) complex have tetrahedral geometry. The possible structures of the metal complexes have been computed using the molecular mechanic calculations using the hyper chem. 8.03 molecular modeling program to confirm the proposed structures. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of the thermal decomposition steps were calculated from the TG curves. The binding modes of the complexes with DNA have been investigated by UV-Vis absorption titration. The results showed that the mode of binding of the complexes to DNA is intercalative or non-intercalative binding modes. Schiff base and its metal complexes have been screened for their in vitro antimicrobial activities against Gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus), Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pesudomonas aeruginosa), fungi (Asperigllus flavus and Mucer) and yeast (Candida albicans and Malassezia furfur).

  16. Spectral, structural elucidation and coordination abilities of Co(II) and Mn(II) coordination entities of 2,6,11,15-tetraoxa-9,17-diaza-1,7,10,16-(1,2)-tetrabenzenacyclooctadecaphan-8,17-diene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajiv, Kumar; Rajni, Johar

    2011-09-01

    Designing tactics were tailored and followed by synthetic and formulation methodologies to prepare 2,6,11,15-tetraoxa-9,17-diaza-1,7,10,16-(1,2)-tetrabenzenacyclooctadecaphan-8,17-diene. Spectral techniques (MS, infrared, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, electronic and EPR), physiochemical measurements (elemental analysis, molar conductance and magnetic susceptibility), electrochemistry (cyclic voltammetry) and classical mechanics (molecular modeling) were employed for structural elucidation of Co(II) and Mn(II) coordination entities having N 2O 4 chromophore. Comparative spectral analysis revealed legating nature of N 2O 4 donor macrocycle and confirmed host/guest connectivity between ligand and metal(s). Mass spectrometry (MS) determined 1:1 stoichiometry in CEs. Further electrochemical study confirmed change in oxidation and reduction patterns of CEs. Inhibiting potential (antifungal screened against Aspergillus flavus) showed enhanced antimicrobial properties of CEs as compared to ligand. Molecular modeling was employed to find out different molecular features along with their stabilization energies.

  17. Importance of reduced sulfur for the equilibrium chemistry and kinetics of Fe(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) supplemented to semi-continuous stirred tank biogas reactors fed with stillage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shakeri Yekta, Sepehr; Lindmark, Amanda; Skyllberg, Ulf; Danielsson, Asa; Svensson, Bo H

    2014-03-30

    The objective of the present study was to assess major chemical reactions and chemical forms contributing to solubility and speciation of Fe(II), Co(II), and Ni(II) during anaerobic digestion of sulfur (S)-rich stillage in semi-continuous stirred tank biogas reactors (SCSTR). These metals are essential supplements for efficient and stable performance of stillage-fed SCSTR. In particular, the influence of reduced inorganic and organic S species on kinetics and thermodynamics of the metals and their partitioning between aqueous and solid phases were investigated. Solid phase S speciation was determined by use of S K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy. Results demonstrated that the solubility and speciation of supplemented Fe were controlled by precipitation of FeS(s) and formation of the aqueous complexes of Fe-sulfide and Fe-thiol. The relatively high solubility of Co (∼ 20% of total Co content) was attributed to the formation of compounds other than Co-sulfide and Co-thiol, presumably of microbial origin. Nickel had lower solubility than Co and its speciation was regulated by interactions with FeS(s) (e.g. co-precipitation, adsorption, and ion substitution) in addition to precipitation/dissolution of discrete NiS(s) phase and formation of aqueous Ni-sulfide complexes. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Microencapsulated Aliivibrio fischeri in Alginate Microspheres for Monitoring Heavy Metal Toxicity in Environmental Waters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dedi Futra

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article a luminescence fiber optic biosensor for the microdetection of heavy metal toxicity in waters based on the marine bacterium Aliivibrio fischeri (A. fischeri encapsulated in alginate microspheres is described. Cu(II, Cd(II, Pb(II, Zn(II, Cr(VI, Co(II, Ni(II, Ag(I and Fe(II were selected as sample toxic heavy metal ions for evaluation of the performance of this toxicity microbiosensor. The loss of bioluminescence response from immobilized A. fischeri bacterial cells corresponds to changes in the toxicity levels. The inhibition of the luminescent biosensor response collected at excitation and emission wavelengths of 287 ± 2 nm and 487 ± 2 nm, respectively, was found to be reproducible and repeatable within the relative standard deviation (RSD range of 2.4–5.7% (n = 8. The toxicity biosensor based on alginate micropsheres exhibited a lower limit of detection (LOD for Cu(II (6.40 μg/L, Cd(II (1.56 μg/L, Pb(II (47 μg/L, Ag(I (18 μg/L than Zn(II (320 μg/L, Cr(VI (1,000 μg/L, Co(II (1700 μg/L, Ni(II (2800 μg/L, and Fe(III (3100 μg/L. Such LOD values are lower when compared with other previous reported whole cell toxicity biosensors using agar gel, agarose gel and cellulose membrane biomatrices used for the immobilization of bacterial cells. The A. fischeri bacteria microencapsulated in alginate biopolymer could maintain their metabolic activity for a prolonged period of up to six weeks without any noticeable changes in the bioluminescence response. The bioluminescent biosensor could also be used for the determination of antagonistic toxicity levels for toxicant mixtures. A comparison of the results obtained by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS and using the proposed luminescent A. fischeri-based biosensor suggests that the optical toxicity biosensor can be used for quantitative microdetermination of heavy metal toxicity in environmental water samples.

  19. Simultaneous removal of Cd(II), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) ions via their complexation with HBANSA based on a combined ultrasound-assisted and cloud point adsorption method using CSG-BiPO4/FePO4as novel adsorbent: FAAS detection and optimization process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kheirandish, Shadi; Ghaedi, Mehrorang; Dashtian, Kheibar; Jannesar, Ramin; Montazerozohori, Morteza; Pourebrahim, Faezeh; Zare, Mohammad Ali

    2017-08-15

    Ultrasound irradiation, cloud point and adsorption methods were coupled to develop a new technique for the simultaneous removal of Cd(II), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) ions after their complexation with (E)-4-((2-hydroxybenzylidene) amino) naphthalene-1-sulfonic acid (HBANSA). In order to reduce cost and improve practicability of process, chitosan gel (CSG) composited with bismuth(III) phosphate/iron(III) phosphate nanoparticles (CSG-BiPO 4 /FePO 4 ) were hydrothermally synthesized followed by their characterization using FE-SEM, EDS and XRD analysis. The operational parameters such as metal ions concentration, CSG-BiPO 4 /FePO 4 mass, sonication time and temperature were investigated and optimized using central composite design (CCD). In addition, the possible significant correlation between these variables and removal efficiency was studied from which the maximum efficiencies were obtained at 5.57mg/L, 51.49°C, 0.018g and 10.73min corresponding to metal ions concentration, temperature, CSG-BiPO 4 /FePO 4 and sonication time, respectively. Moreover, at these conditions, the removal percentages of the Cd(II), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) ions were found to be 96.24, 93.73, 95.55 and 97.47, respectively. After applying various isotherms, the Langmuir isotherm model was found to be most appropriate model for describing and fitting the experimental equilibrium data and thus maximum mono-layer adsorption capacities of 8.61, 8.54, 8.65 and 8.62mgg -1 were obtained for Cd(II), Pb(II), Cu(II) and Ni(II) ions, respectively. The study of kinetics showed well applicability of pseudo second order kinetic model with maximum mass transfer rate in adsorption process. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Structural, spectral, thermal and biological studies on (Z)-N-benzoyl-N‧-(2-oxo-2-(phenylamino)acetyl)carbamohydrazonothioic acid (H2PABT) and its Cd(II), Hg(II), Zn(II) and U(VI)O22+ complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yousef, T. A.; Ahmed, Sara F.; El-Gammal, O. A.; Abu El-Reash, G. M.

    2015-07-01

    A new metal complexes formed by the reaction of (Z)-N-benzoyl-N‧-(2-oxo-2-(phenylamino)acetyl)carbamohydrazonothioic acid (H2PABT) and Cd(II), Hg(II), Zn(II) and U(VI)O22+ ions. The isolated complexes were prepared and characterized by conventional techniques. The IR data revealed that the ligand behaves as mononegative tridentate in Zn(II) and U(VI)O22+ complexes also, binegative tetradentate on Cd(II) and Hg(II) complexes. On the basis of magnetic and electronic spectral data an octahedral geometry for the U(VI)O22+ complex, a tetrahedral structure for the Cd(II), Zn(II) and Hg(II) complexes have been proposed. The IR spectrum of ligand which determined experimentally is compared with those obtained theoretically from DFT calculations. Also, the bond lengths, bond angles, HOMO, LUMO and dipole moments have been calculated. The calculated HOMO-LUMO energy gap reveals that charge transfer occurs within the ligand molecules. The calculated values of binding energies indicates the stability of complexes is higher that of ligand. Also, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different thermal degradation steps of the complexes were determined by Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Moreover, the ligand and its complexes were screened against Bacillus subtilis as Gram positive bacteria and Escherichia coli Gram negative bacteria using the inhibitory zone diameter. Also the antitumor activities of the ligand and its complexes have been evaluated against liver (HePG2) and breast (MCF-7) cancer cells. Out of all the synthesized compounds, [Hg2(PABT)Cl2(H2O)2] and [(UO2)(HPABT)(OAc)(H2O)] complexes showed high antibacterial activity with 55.5% while H2PABT showed the best cytotoxic effect on liver and breast cancer cells with IC50 2.10 and 5.91 of cytotoxicity respectively.

  1. Synthesis of high-surface-area γ-Al2O3 from aluminum scrap and its use for the adsorption of metals: Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asencios, Yvan J.O.; Sun-Kou, María R.

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: ► Aluminum hydroxide obtained from aluminum scrap led to the formation of gamma alumina. ► Acidic pH of precipitation favored the formation of small particles of high surface areas. ► Higher aging temperature favored the formation of large structures of large pore sizes. ► Higher aging temperature generated symmetrical solids of regular hexagonal prism forms. ► Aluminas of large pores adsorbed metals as following: Pb (1.75 Å) > Cd (1.54 Å) > Zn (1.38 Å). - Abstract: Several types of alumina were synthesized from sodium aluminate (NaAlO 2 ) by precipitation with sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4 ) and subsequently calcination at 500 °C to obtain γ-Al 2 O 3 . The precursor aluminate was derived from aluminum scrap. The various γ-Al 2 O 3 synthesized were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), adsorption–desorption of N 2 (S BET ) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). XRD revealed that distinct phases of Al 2 O 3 were formed during thermal treatment. Moreover, it was observed that conditions of synthesis (pH, aging time and temperature) strongly affect the physicochemical properties of the alumina. A high-surface-area alumina (371 m 2 g −1 ) was synthesized under mild conditions, from inexpensive raw materials. These aluminas were tested for the adsorption of Cd(II), Zn(II) and Pb(II) from aqueous solution at toxic metal concentrations, and isotherms were determined.

  2. Liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) of Fe(III) and Ti(IV) by bis-(2-ethyl-hexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) in sulfuric acid medium; Extracao liquido-liquido de ferro (III) e titanio (IV) pelo acido bis-(2-etil-hexil) fosforico (D2EHPA) em meio de acido sulfurico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Glauco Correa da; Cunha, Jose Waldemar Silva Dias da [Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica e Materiais Nucleares; Dweck, Jo [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Escola de Quimica. Dept. de Processos Inorganicos; Afonso, Julio Carlos [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica. Dept. de Quimica Analitica]. E-mail: julio@iq.ufrj.br

    2008-07-01

    This work presents a study on the separation of Fe(III) and Ti(IV) from sulfuric acid leaching solutions of ilmenite (FeTiO{sub 3}) using liquid-liquid extraction with D2EHPA in n-dodecane as extracting agent. The distribution coefficients (K{sub D}) of the elements related to free acidity and concentration of Fe(III) and Ti(IV) were determined. Free acidity was changed from 3x10{sup -2} to 11.88 mol L{sup -1} and D2EHPA concentration was fixed at 1.5 mol L{sup 1}. Recovery of final products as well as recycling of wastes generated in the process were also investigated. The LLE process as a feasible alternative to obtain high-purity TiO{sub 2}. (author)

  3. Modular construction, magnetic property, and luminescent sensing of 3D Mn(II) and Cd(II) coordination polymers based on p-terphenyl-2,2″,5″,5‴-tetracarboxylate acid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Liming; Zhang, Yujuan; Wang, Jiang; Zhao, Li; Wang, Xiaoqing; Hu, Tuoping; Zhang, Xiutang

    2018-04-01

    Two 3D modular designed coordination polymers, namely, {[H2N(CH3)2]2[Mn(TPT)]}n (1), and {[Cd(TPT)0.5(bib)]·0.5H2O}n (2) (H4TPT = p-terphenyl-2,2″,5″,5‴-tetracarboxylate acid, and bib = 1,3-bis((imidazol-1-yl) benzene) have been synthesized and structural characterized by EA, IR, TG, PXRD. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that complex 1 is a 3D 4-connected {42.63.8}-sra net with the tiling modular being [42.62.82] = [4a.4b.62.8a.8b] (transitivity is 2451). While complex 2 is a 3D (4,4)-connected {64.82}{66}2-bbf net with tiling modular is [6.82]+[63.8] = [6 c.8a.8b]+[6a.6b.6 c.8a] (transitivity is 2352). The variable-temperature susceptibility of 1 has been investigated. Besides, complex 2 exhibits highly sensitive sensing of FeIII ions in DMF solution.

  4. Comparative ligational, optical band gap and biological studies on Cr(III) and Fe(III) complexes of hydrazones derived from 2-hydrazinyl-2-oxo-N-phenylacetamide with both vanillin and O-vanillin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yousef, T. A.; Abu El-Reash, G. M.; Attia, M. I.; El-Tabai, M. N.

    2015-09-01

    The Cr(III) and Fe(III) complexes of hydrazones derived from the condensation of 2-hydrazinyl-2-oxo-N-phenylacetamide with both vanillin and o-vanillin synthesized and characterized by different conventional physicochemical techniques. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different decomposition steps were calculated using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger equations. The bond lengths, bond angles, HOMO, LUMO, dipole moment and binding energy calculated by DFT calculations. The optical band gap (Eg) values equal 3.28, 3.03, 3.58 and 3.57 eV for [Cr(HL1)Cl2(H2O)2](0.75H2O), [Cr(HL2)Cl2(H2O)](H2O), [Fe(HL1)Cl2(H2O)2](0.5H2O) and [Fe(HL2)2Cl(H2O)](3H2O) complexes, respectively. The antibacterial activities tested against Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli bacteria.

  5. Metal-organic frameworks with 1,4-di(1H-imidazol-4-yl)benzene and varied carboxylate ligands for selectively sensing Fe(iii) ions and ketone molecules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhi-Qiang; Zhao, Yue; Zhang, Xiu-Du; Kang, Yan-Shang; Lu, Qing-Yi; Azam, Mohammad; Al-Resayes, Saud I; Sun, Wei-Yin

    2017-10-17

    Four new metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) [Zn(L)(bpdc)]·1.6H 2 O (1), [Co(L)(bpdc)]·H 2 O (2), [Ni 3 (L) 2 (bptc) 2 (H 2 O) 10 ]·2H 2 O (3) and [Cd 2 (L)(Hbptc) 2 ] (4) were achieved by reactions of the corresponding metal salt with mixed organic ligands of 1,4-di(1H-imidazol-4-yl)benzene (L) and 4,4'-benzophenonedicarboxylic acid (H 2 bpdc) or biphenyl-2,4',5-tricarboxylic acid (H 3 bptc). They exhibit varied structures: MOFs 1 and 4 are porous three-dimensional (3D) frameworks, while 2 is an infinite one-dimensional (1D) chain and 3 is a two-dimensional (2D) network. Remarkably, 1 and 4 can act as potential fluorescent materials for sensing Fe(iii) ions and different ketone molecules with high selectivity and sensitivity. In addition, MOF 1 shows selective adsorption of CO 2 over N 2 .

  6. New discrete and polymeric supramolecular architectures derived from dinuclear Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of aryl-linked bis-beta-diketonato ligands and nitrogen bases: synthetic, structural and high pressure studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clegg, Jack K; Hayter, Michael J; Jolliffe, Katrina A; Lindoy, Leonard F; McMurtrie, John C; Meehan, George V; Neville, Suzanne M; Parsons, Simon; Tasker, Peter A; Turner, Peter; White, Fraser J

    2010-03-21

    New examples of nitrogen base adducts of dinuclear Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of the doubly deprotonated forms of 1,3-aryl linked bis-beta-diketones of type [RC(=O)CH(2)C(=O)C(6)H(4)C(=O)CH(2)C(=O)R] (L(1)H(2)) incorporating the mono- and difunctional amine bases pyridine (Py), 4-ethylpyridine (EtPy), piperidine (pipi), 1,4-piperazine (pip), N-methylmorpholine (mmorph), 1,4-dimethylpiperazine (dmpip) and N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (tmen) have been synthesised by reaction of the previously reported [Cu(2)(L(1))(2)].2.5THF (R = Me), [Cu(2)(L(1))(2)(THF)(2)] (R = t-Bu), [Ni(2)(L(1))(2)(Py)(4)] (R = t-Bu) and [Co(2)(L(1))(2)(Py)(4)] (R = t-Bu) complexes with individual bases of the above type. Comparative X-ray structural studies involving all ten base adduct derivatives have been obtained and reveal a range of interesting discrete and polymeric molecular architectures. The respective products have the following stoichiometries: [Cu(2)(L(1))(2)(Py)(2)].Py (R = Me), [Cu(2)(L(1))(2)(EtPy)(2)].2EtPy (R = t-Bu), [Cu(2)(L(1))(2)(pipi)(2)].2pipi (R = t-Bu), [Cu(2)(L(1))(2)(mmorph)(2)] (R = t-Bu), [Cu(2)(L(1))(2)(tmen)(2)] (R = t-Bu) and {[Cu(2)(L(1))(2)(pip)].pip.2THF}(n), [Co(2)(L(1))(2)(tmen)(2)] (R = t-Bu), [Ni(2)(L(1))(2)(Py)(4)].dmpip (R = t-Bu), [Ni(2)(L(1))(2)(pipi)(4)].pipi (R = t-Bu) and [Ni(2)(L(1))(2)(tmen)(2)] (R = t-Bu). The effect of pressure on the X-ray structure of [Cu(2)(L(1))(2)(mmorph)(2)] has been investigated. An increase in pressure from ambient to 9.1 kbar resulted in modest changes to the unit cell parameters as well as a corresponding decrease of 6.7 percent in the unit cell volume. While a small 'shearing' motion occurs between adjacent molecular units throughout the lattice, no existing bonds are broken or new bonds formed.

  7. substitute for Zn(II) in zinc fingers?

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Zinc finger domains consist of sequences of amino acids containing cysteine and histidine residues tetrahedrally coordinated to a zinc ion. The role of zinc in a DNA binding finger was considered purely structural due to the absence of redox chemistry in zinc. However, whether other metals e.g. Co(II) or Cd(II) can substitute ...

  8. Can Co (II) or Cd (II) substitute for Zn (II) in zinc fingers?

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Zinc finger domains consist of sequences of amino acids containing cysteine and histidine residues tetrahedrally coordinated to a zinc ion. The role of zinc in a DNA binding finger was considered purely structural due to the absence of redox chemistry in zinc. However, whether other metals e.g. Co(II) or Cd(II) can substitute ...

  9. Cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), zinc(II), cadmium(II) and dioxouranium(II) complexes of thiophene-2-aldehyde-4-phenyl-thiosemicarbazone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Singh, Balwan; Misra, Harihar

    1986-01-01

    The present paper describes the synthesis and characterisation of thiophene-2-aldehyde-4-phenylthiosemicarbazone (TAPTSC) and its metal complexes with Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and UO(II). (author). 30 refs., 1 table

  10. Design, spectral characterization, thermal, DFT studies and anticancer cell line activities of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of Schiff bases derived from 4-amino-5-(pyridin-4-yl)-4H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyagi, Prateek; Chandra, Sulekh; Saraswat, B. S.; Yadav, Deepak

    2015-06-01

    A series of two biologically active Schiff base ligands L1, L2 have been synthesized in equimolar reaction of 4-amino-5-(pyridin-4-yl)-4H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiol with thiophene-2-carbaldehyde and furan-2-carbaldehyde. The synthesized Schiff bases were used for complexation with different metal ions like Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) by using a molar ratio of ligand: metal as 1:1 and 2:1. The characterization of Schiff bases and metal complexes was done by 1H NMR, UV-Vis, TGA, IR, mass spectrometry and molar conductivity studies. The in DFT studies the geometries of Schiff bases and metal complexes were fully optimized with respect to the energy using the 6-31+g(d,p) basis set. On the basis of the spectral studies an octahedral geometry has been assigned for Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes. The effect of these complexes on proliferation of human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) and human hepatocellular liver carcinoma cell line (Hep-G2) were studied and compared with those of free ligand. The anticancer cell line results reveal that all metal complexes show moderate to significant % cytotoxicity on cell line HepG2 and MCF-7.

  11. INFLUENŢA SELENITULUI DE Fe(III ŞI A INTENSITĂŢII DE ILUMINARE ASUPRA CONŢINUTULUI DE FICOBILIPROTEINE, SELENIU ŞI FIER ÎN BIOMASA CIANOBACTERIEI SPIRULINA PLATENSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina BULIMAGA

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Productivitatea spirulinei şi onţinutul de fier în biomasă au înregistrat valori mai înalte la iluminare mai intensă (5500 lx, comparativ cu 3500 lx, iar acumularea ficobiliproteinelor în biomasa de spirulină a fost mai semnificativă la 3500 lx. Conţinutul de seleniu acumulat în fracţia de ficobiliproteine a înregistrat valori mai sporite cu majorarea concentraţiei selenitului de fier, fiind maxime la concentraţia acestuia de 45 mg/l la ambele intensităţi de iluminare. La 3500 lx conţinutul de seleniu în extractul sumar de ficobiliproteine a fost de 1,4-1,5 ori mai majorat, comparativ cu cel atestat la 5500 lx.EFFECTS OF Fe(III SELENITE AND LIGHT INTENSITY ON THE ACCUMULATION OF PHYCOBILIPROTEINS, SELENIUM AND IRON IN BIOMASS OF CYANOBACTERIUM SPIRULINA PLATENSISSpirulina productivity and iron content in biomass recorded higher values at light intensity 5500 lx, compared to 3500 lx, but phycobiliproteins accumulation in spirulina biomass was more significant at 3500 lx. The content of the accumulated selenium in the phycobiliproteins registered the increased values with the increasing of selenite concentra­tion, attesting its maximum value at 45 mg/l, at the both light intensity. Selenium content in the phycobiliproteins at 3500 lx was by 1.4-1.5 times higher, compared to that registered at 5500 lx.

  12. Selective Iron(III) ion uptake using CuO-TiO2 nanostructure by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Mohammed M; Khan, Sher Bahadar; Marwani, Hadi M; Asiri, Abdullah M; Alamry, Khalid A

    2012-12-17

    CuO-TiO2 nanosheets (NSs), a kind of nanomaterials is one of the most attracting class of transition doped semiconductor materials due to its interesting and important optical, electrical, and structural properties and has many technical applications, such as in metal ions detection, photocatalysis, Chemi-sensors, bio-sensors, solar cells and so on. In this paper the synthesis of CuO-TiO2 nanosheets by the wet-chemically technique is reported. CuO-TiO2 NSs were prepared by a wet-chemical process using reducing agents in alkaline medium and characterized by UV/vis., FT-IR spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) etc. The structural and optical evaluation of synthesized NSs were measured by XRD pattern, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and UV-vis spectroscopy, respectively which confirmed that the obtained NSs are well-crystalline CuO-TiO2 and possessing good optical properties. The morphological analysis of CuO-TiO2 NSs was executed by FE-SEM, which confirmed that the doped products were sheet-shaped and growth in large quantity. Here, the analytical efficiency of the NSs was applied for a selective adsorption of iron(III) ion prior to detection by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The selectivity of NSs towards various metal ions, including Au(III), Cd(II), Co(II), Cr(III), Fe(III), Pd(II), and Zn(II) was analyzed. Based on the selectivity study, it was confirmed that the selectivity of doped NSs phase was the most towards Fe(III) ion. The static adsorption capacity for Fe(III) was calculated to be 110.06 mgg-1. Results from adsorption isotherm also verified that the adsorption process was mainly monolayer-adsorption onto a surface containing a finite number of CuO-TiO2 NSs adsorption sites.

  13. Selective Iron(III ion uptake using CuO-TiO2 nanostructure by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahman Mohammed M

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background CuO-TiO2 nanosheets (NSs, a kind of nanomaterials is one of the most attracting class of transition doped semiconductor materials due to its interesting and important optical, electrical, and structural properties and has many technical applications, such as in metal ions detection, photocatalysis, Chemi-sensors, bio-sensors, solar cells and so on. In this paper the synthesis of CuO-TiO2 nanosheets by the wet-chemically technique is reported. Methods CuO-TiO2 NSs were prepared by a wet-chemical process using reducing agents in alkaline medium and characterized by UV/vis., FT-IR spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD, and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM etc. Results The structural and optical evaluation of synthesized NSs were measured by XRD pattern, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR and UV–vis spectroscopy, respectively which confirmed that the obtained NSs are well-crystalline CuO-TiO2 and possessing good optical properties. The morphological analysis of CuO-TiO2 NSs was executed by FE-SEM, which confirmed that the doped products were sheet-shaped and growth in large quantity. Here, the analytical efficiency of the NSs was applied for a selective adsorption of iron(III ion prior to detection by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES. The selectivity of NSs towards various metal ions, including Au(III, Cd(II, Co(II, Cr(III, Fe(III, Pd(II, and Zn(II was analyzed. Conclusions Based on the selectivity study, it was confirmed that the selectivity of doped NSs phase was the most towards Fe(III ion. The static adsorption capacity for Fe(III was calculated to be 110.06 mgg−1. Results from adsorption isotherm also verified that the adsorption process was mainly monolayer-adsorption onto a surface containing a finite number of CuO-TiO2 NSs adsorption sites.

  14. The Moessbauer effect in Fe(III) HEDTA, Fe(III) EDTA, and Fe(III) CDTA compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prado, F.R.

    1989-01-01

    The dependence of Moessbauer spectra with pH value of Fe(III)HEDTA and Fe(III)CDTA compounds is studied. Informations on formation processes of LFe-O-FeL (L=ligand) type dimers by the relation of titration curves of Fe(III)EDTA, Fe(III)HEDTA and Fe(III)CDTA compounds with the series of Moessbauer spectra, are obtained. Some informations on Fe-O-Fe bond structure are also obtained. Comparing the titration curves with the series of Moessbauer spectra, it is concluded that the dimerization process begins when a specie of the form FeXOH α (X = EDTA, HEDTA, CDTA; α = -1, -2) arises. (M.C.K.) [pt

  15. Removal of azo dye C.I. acid red 14 from contaminated water using Fenton, UV/H(2)O(2), UV/H(2)O(2)/Fe(II), UV/H(2)O(2)/Fe(III) and UV/H(2)O(2)/Fe(III)/oxalate processes: a comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daneshvar, N; Khataee, A R

    2006-01-01

    The decolorization of the solution containing a common textile and leather dye, C.I. Acid Red 14 (AR14), at pH 3 by hydrogen peroxide photolysis, Fenton, Fenton-like and photo-Fenton processes was studied. The dark and light reactions were carried out in stirred batch photoreactor equipped with an UV-C lamp (30 W) as UV light source. The experiments showed that the dye was resistant to the UV illumination, but was oxidized when one of Fe(II), Fe(III) and H(2)O(2) compounds was present. It was also found that UV light irradiation can accelerate significantly the rate of AR14 decolorization in the presence of Fe(III)/H(2)O(2) or Fe(II)/H(2)O(2), comparing to that in the dark. The effect of different system variables like initial concentration of the azo dye, effect of UV light irradiation, initial concentration of Fe(II) or Fe(III) and added oxalate ion has been investigated. The results showed that the decolorization efficiency of AR14 at the reaction time of 2 min follows the decreasing order: UV/H(2)O(2)/Fe(III)/oxalate > UV/H(2)O(2)/Fe(III) > UV/H(2)O(2)/Fe(II) > UV/H(2)O(2). Our results also showed that the UV/H(2)O(2)/Fe(III)/oxalate process was appropriate as the effective treatment method for decolorization of a real dyeing and finishing. The mechanism for each process is also discussed and linked together for understanding the observed differences in reactivity.

  16. Cd(II), Cu(II)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 1984), the metals of most immediate concern are lead, cadmium, copper, cobalt, aluminium, ..... Mohapatra et al. / International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 8, 2010, pp. 89-103. 95. 0. 40. 80. 120. 0. 200. 400. 600 lo ad in g cap acity. , m g. /g.

  17. Linking Local Environments and Hyperfine Shifts: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical 31P and 7Li Solid–State NMR Study of Paramagnetic Fe(III) Phosphates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jonsik [Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States); Middlemiss, Derek S. [Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States); Chernova, Natasha [Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom); Zhu, Ben Y.H. [Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States); Masquelier, Christian [SUNY Binghamton, NY (United States); Grey, Clare P. [Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States); Universite de Picardie Jules Verne, Amiens (France)

    2010-11-05

    Iron phosphates (FePO4) are among the most promising candidate materials for advanced Li-ion battery cathodes. This work reports upon a combined nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experimental and periodic density functional theory (DFT) computational study of the environments and electronic structures occurring in a range of paramagnetic Fe(III) phosphates comprising FePO4 (heterosite), monoclinic Li3Fe2(PO4)3 (anti-NASICON A type), rhombohedral Li3Fe2(PO4)3 (NASICON B type), LiFeP2O7, orthorhombic FePO4·2H2O (strengite), monoclinic FePO4·2H2O (phosphosiderite), and the dehydrated forms of the latter two phases. Many of these materials serve as model compounds relevant to battery chemistry. The 31P spin-echo mapping and 7Li magic angle spinning NMR techniques yield the hyperfine shifts of the species of interest, complemented by periodic hybrid functional DFT calculations of the respective hyperfine and quadrupolar tensors. A Curie-Weiss-based magnetic model scaling the DFT-calculated hyperfine parameters from the ferromagnetic into the experimentally relevant paramagnetic state is derived and applied, providing quantitative finite temperature values for each phase. The sensitivity of the hyperfine parameters to the composition of the DFT exchange functional is characterized by the application of hybrid Hamiltonians containing admixtures 0%, 20%, and 35% of Fock exchange. Good agreement between experimental and calculated values is obtained, provided that the residual magnetic couplings persisting in the paramagnetic state are included. The potential applications of a similar combined experimental and theoretical NMR approach to a wider range of cathode materials are discussed.

  18. Schiff base ligand derived from (±trans-1,2-cyclohexanediamine and its Cu(II, Co(II, Zn(II and Mn(II complexes: Synthesis, characterization, styrene oxidation and hydrolysis study of the imine bond in Cu(II Schiff base complex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarkheil Marzieh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A Schiff base ligand (H2L derived from 2´-hydroxypropiophenone and (±trans-1,2-cyclohexanediamine was synthesized. The reactions of MCl2.xH2O (M =Cu(II, Co(II, Zn(II and Mn(IIwith the di-Schiff base ligand (H2L were studied. This ligand when stirred with 1 equivalent of CuCl2.2H2O in the solution of ethanol and chloroform undergoes partial hydrolysis of the imino bond and the resultant tridentate ligand (HL′immediately forms complex[CuL´Cl]∙3/2CHCl3(1with N2O coordination sphere. Under the same condition, the reaction of H2L with MCl2.xH2O (M = Co(II (3, Zn(II (4 and Mn(II (5 gave complexes[ML]•1/2CHCl3∙3/2H2O (3-5with N2O2 coordination sphere and no hydrolytic cleavage was occurred. Also, the reaction of H2L with CuCl2.2H2O in THF gave the complex CuL (2with N2O2 coordination sphere. The ligand and complexes were characterized by FTIR, UV-Vis, 1H NMRand elemental analysis. The homogeneous catalytic activity of the complexes1, 3 and 5wasevaluated for the oxidation of styrene using tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP as oxidant. Finally, the copper(II complex(1encapsulated in the nanopores of zeolite-Y by flexible ligand method (CuL´-Yand its encapsulation was ensured by different studies. The catalytic performance of heterogeneous catalyst in the styrene oxidation with TBHP was investigated. The catalytic tests showed that the homogenous and heterogeneous catalysts were active in the oxidation of styrene.

  19. New solid phase extractors for selective separation and preconcentration of mercury (II) based on silica gel immobilized aliphatic amines 2-thiophenecarboxaldehyde Schiff's bases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soliman, Ezzat M.; Saleh, Mohamed B.; Ahmed, Salwa A.

    2004-01-01

    2-Thiophenecarboxaldhyde is chemically bonded to silica gel surface immobilized monoamine, ethylenediamine and diethylenetriamine by a simple Schiff's base reaction to produce three new SP-extractors, phases (I-III). The selectivity properties of these phases toward Hg(II) uptake as well as eight other metal ions: Ca(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) were extensively studied and evaluated as a function of pH of metal ion solution and equilibrium shaking time by the batch equilibrium technique. The data obtained clearly indicate that the new SP-extractors have the highest affinity for retention of Hg(II) ion. Their Hg(II) uptake in mmol g -1 and distribution coefficient as log K d values are always higher than the uptake of any other metal ion along the range of pH used (pH 1.0-10.0). The uptake of Hg(II) using phase I was 2.0 mmol g -1 (log K d 6.6) at pH 1.0 and 2.0. 1.8 mmol g -1 (log K d 4.25), 1.6 mmol g -1 (log K d 3.90) and 1.08 mmol g -1 (log K d 3.37) at pH 3.0, 5.0 and 8.0, respectively. Selective separation of Hg(II) from the other eight coexisting metal ions under investigation was achieved successfully using phase I at pH 2.0 either under static or dynamic conditions. Hg(II) was completely retained while Ca(II), Co(II) and Cd(II) ions were not retained. Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Pb(II) and Fe(III) showed very low percentage retention values to be 0.74, 0.97, 3.5 and 6.3%, respectively. Moreover, the high recovery values (95.5 ± 0.5, 95.8 ± 0.5 and 99.0% ± 1.0) of percolating two liters of doubly distilled water, drinking tap water and Nile river water spiked with 5 ng/l of Hg(II) over 100 mg of phase I packed in a minicolumn and used as a thin layer enrichment bed demonstrate the accuracy and validity of the new SP-extractors for preconcentration of the ultratrace amount of spiked Hg(II) prior to the determination by borohydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) with no matrix interference. The detection

  20. Synthesis, spectral, thermal and biological studies of mixed ligand complexes with newly prepared Schiff base and 1,10-phenanthroline ligands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abd El-Halim, Hanan F.; Mohamed, Gehad G.; Khalil, Eman A. M.

    2017-10-01

    A series of mixed ligand complexes were prepared from the Schiff base (L1) as a primary ligand, prepared by condensation of oxamide and furan-2-carbaldehyde, and 1,10-phenanthroline (1,10-phen) as a secondary ligand. The Schiff base ligand and its mixed ligand chelates were characterized based on elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR, thermal analysis, UV-Visible, mass, molar conductance, magnetic moment. X-ray diffraction, solid reflectance and ESR also have been studied. The mixed ligand complexes were found to have the formulae of [M(L1) (1,10-phen)]Clm.nH2O (M = Cr(III) and Fe(III) (m = 3) (n = 0); M = Mn(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) (m = 2) (n = 0); and M = Co(II) (m = 2) (n = 1), Ni(II) (m = 2) (n = 2) and Zn(II) (m = 2) (n = 3)) and that the geometrical structure of the complexes were octahedral. The parameters of thermodynamic using Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger equations were calculated. The synthesized Schiff base ligand, 1,10-phenanthroline ligand and Their mixed ligand complexes were also investigated for their antibacterial and antifungal activity against bacterial species (Gram-Ve bacteria: Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli) and (Gram + Ve bacteria: Bacillus subtilis and Streptococcus pneumonia) and fungi (Aspergillus fumigates and Candida albicans). The anticancer activity of the new compounds had been tested against breast (MFC7) and colon (HCT-116) cell lines. The results showed high activity for the synthesized compounds.

  1. Mechanisms for Reduction of Natural Waters Technogenic Pollution by Metals due to Complexions with Humus Substances (Zoning: Western Siberia and the European Territory of Russia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinu, M. I.

    2017-11-01

    The article described the complexation of metal ions with humus substances in natural waters (small lakes). Humus substances as the major biochemical components of natural water have a significant impact on the forms and migration of metals and the toxicity of natural objects. This article presents the results of large-scale chemical experiments: the study of the structural features (zonal aspects) of humus substances extracted from soil and water natural climatic zones (more than 300 objects) in Russia (European Russia and West Siberia); the influence of structural features on the physic-chemical parameters of humus acids and, in particular, on their complexing ability. The functional specifics of humus matter extracted from soils is estimated using spectrometric techniques. The conditional stability constants for Fe(III), Cu(II), Pb(II), Cd(II), Zn(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Mn(II), Cr(III), Ca(II), Mg(II), Sr(II), and Al(III) are experimentally determined with the electrochemical, spectroscopic analysis methods. The activities of metals are classified according to their affinity to humus compounds in soils and water. The determined conditional stability constants of the complexes are tested by model experiments, and it is demonstrated that Fe and Al ions have higher conditional stability constants than the ions of alkali earth metals, Pb, Cu, and Zn. Furthermore, the influence of aluminium ions and iron on the complexation of copper and lead as well as the influence of lead and copper on complexation of cobalt and nickel have been identified. The metal forms in a large number of lakes are calculated basing on the experiments’ results. The main chemical mechanisms of the distribution of metals by forms in the water of the lakes in European Russia and West Siberia are described.

  2. IMPREGNATION OF 2-MERCAPTOBENZOTHIAZOLE ON DIATOMACEOUS EARTH AND ITS APPLICATION AS MERCURY(II ADSORBEN IN AQUEOUS MEDIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Purwanto

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available An adsorbent was prepared by impregnating 2-mercaptobenzo-thiazole onto polystirene treated diatomaceous earth support. This adsorbent was then applied to adsorb mercury(II in aqueous medium. The mercury(II adsorption characteristics of the adsorbent was studied by the use of the original diatomaceous earth as reference. Interaction of mercury(II and both of diatomaceous earth as well as MBT-diatomaceous were performed in a aqueous batch system to include the following parameters: (a medium acidity and (b mercury(II adsorption characteristic on MBT-diatomaceous with and without the present of other metal ions. In the present work quantification of mercury(II adsorption was done by determining the mercury concentration left in the solution after adsorption. A cold vapour-generation atomic absorption spectroscopy technic was used in this determination.The experiment results show, that the adsorption affinity of MBT-diatomaceous is higher than the original diatomaceous earth. The total adsorption energy of mercury(II for diatomaceous earth (24.702 kJ/mol and MBT-diatomaceous (46.942 kJ/mol suggest that the interaction is chemisorption. The mercury(II maximum adsorption on diatomaceous earth is obtained at pH 6, while similar adsorption on MBT-diatomaceous practically was not influenced by pH changes. The present of other metals, i.e. Fe(III, Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II, Cd(II and Zn(II in solution does not give any appreciable influence to the adsorption affinity of MBT-diatomaceous to mercury(II; the total sum of the mercury(II adsorbed is constantly high, almost 100 %. Keyword: Impregnation, MBT-diatomaceous, adsorption, mercury(II

  3. Selective determination of gold(III) ion using CuO microsheets as a solid phase adsorbent prior by ICP-OES measurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Mohammed M; Khan, Sher Bahadar; Marwani, Hadi M; Asiri, Abdullah M; Alamry, Khalid A; Al-Youbi, Abdulrahman O

    2013-01-30

    We have prepared calcined CuO microsheets (MSs) by a wet-chemical process using reducing agents in alkaline medium and characterized by UV/vis., fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) etc. The detailed structural, compositional, and optical characterizations of the MSs were evaluated by XRD pattern, FT-IR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and UV-vis spectroscopy, respectively which confirmed that the obtained MSs are well-crystalline CuO and possessed good optical properties. The CuO MSs morphology was investigated by FESEM, which confirmed that the calcined nanomaterials were sheet-shaped and grown in large-quantity. Here, the efficiency of the CuO MS was applied for a selective adsorption of gold(III) ion prior to its detection by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The selectivity of CuO MSs towards various metal ions, including Au(III), Cd(II), Co(II), Cr(III), Fe(III), Pd(II), and Zn(II) was analyzed. Based on the adsorption isotherm study, it was confirmed that the selectivity of MSs phase was mostly towards Au(III) ion. The static adsorption capacity for Au(III) was calculated to be 57.0 mg g(-1). From Langmuir adsorption isotherm, it was confirmed that the adsorption process was mainly monolayer-adsorption onto a surface containing a finite number of adsorption sites. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. The separation of trace elements in manganese dioxide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jones, E.A.; Dixon, K.

    1981-01-01

    Separations from manganese are discribed for (a)Al(III), Mo(VI), V(V), and Ti(IV), and (b)trace elements in general. In the first separation, a combined anion-cation exchange, the oxalate complexes are absorbed onto the anionic BIO.RAD 1-X8 resin. V(V) and Al(III) are then eluted into a cation-exchange column from which they are eluted successively, Mo(VI) and Ti(IV) then being eluted from the anionic resin. In the second separation, up to 2g of manganese is absorbed onto BIO.RAD AG 50W-X8 resin, from which V(V) is eluted with dilute hydrochloric acid prior to the elution of Co(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Fe(III), As(III), Sb(III), Mo(VI), W(VI), and Sn(II) with a mixture of 1 M hydrochloric acid, 80 per cent acetone, and 0,1 per cent hydrogen peroxide. Mn(11) is eluted next with a mixture of 0,75M hydrochloric acid and 90 per cent acetone, after which the remaining cations are eluted with 4M hydrochloric acid. Satisfactory recoveries ranging from 0,8 to 60 mg/l were obtained for 18 of the 21 elements tested. After concentration by evaporation, final measurements were made by the use of atomic-absorption spectrophotometry, or direct-reading spectrometry with excitation from an inductively coupled plasma source. Comparative results were obtained with atomic-absorption procedures where the manganese was not separated. However, the separation procedure can reduce the time required for analysis by the direct method because it limits the number of dilutions necessary and eliminates the need for the use of the method of additions to compensate for interferences from manganese

  5. Síntese e caracterização de compósito magnético nanoestruturado contendo óxido de manganês para remoção de íons Cd(II do meio aquoso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. P. Heitmann

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available O tratamento de efluentes contendo cádmio é de grande interesse devido à persistência desse contaminante no meio ambiente e às graves doenças que pode causar ao homem. No presente trabalho, foi utilizado o compósito magnético Mn3O4/Fe3O4 como adsorvente do íon cádmio (II em meio aquoso. O material adsorvente foi sintetizado e caracterizado segundo as técnicas de difração de raios X (DRX, espectroscopia Raman, microscopia eletrônica de transmissão e sorção de N2 (BET. Ênfase foi dada à quantificação das fases do compósito pela análise de DRX combinada ao método Rietveld. O estudo de adsorção foi realizado variando o pH do meio e a concentração do íon cádmio em solução. A análise dos resultados possibilitou verificar que a remoção de Cd(II utilizando compósito magnético Mn3O4/Fe3O4 em meio aquoso é dependente do pH duplicando a medida que o pH varia de 3 para 7. O estudo de imobilização do íon contaminante em solução apresentou valores significativos de capacidade máxima de adsorção, de 12,3 mgCd/g no pH 6 e 13,6 mgCd/g no pH 7, indicando uma remoção de até 98% para concentrações baixas do íon, sugerindo que o adsorvente apresenta elevado potencial para remoção de Cd(II em meio aquoso.

  6. Equilibrium Sorption studies of Fe, Cu and Co ions in aqueous ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Recinius Communis Linn a commonly found herbal plant was used to prepare activated carbon by physicochemical activation method. The sorption capacity of this bio-resource material to remove Fe(III), Cu(II) and Co(II) from aqueous solutions was determined by batch tests. The influences of important parameters such as ...

  7. Synthesis and structural characterization of N-(2-{[(2E)-2-(2 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ) and its Co(II), Fe(III), Cu(II) and Zn(II) perchlorate complexes were synthesized. The structures of HL and its complexes were confirmed on the basis of elemental analysis and FT-IR, FT-Raman, 1H-NMR spectra. TGA, magnetic moment and ...

  8. The Fe(III) and Ga(III) coordination chemistry of 3-(1-hydroxymethylidene) and 3-(1-hydroxydecylidene)-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrrolidine-2,4-dione: novel tetramic acid degradation products of homoserine lactone bacterial quorum sensing molecules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romano, Ariel A; Hahn, Tobias; Davis, Nicole; Lowery, Colin A; Struss, Anjali K; Janda, Kim D; Böttger, Lars H; Matzanke, Berthold F; Carrano, Carl J

    2012-02-01

    Bacteria use small diffusible molecules to exchange information in a process called quorum sensing (QS). An important class of quorum sensing molecules used by Gram-negative bacteria is the family of N-acylhomoserine lactones (HSL). It was recently discovered that a degradation product of the QS molecule 3-oxo-C(12)-homoserine lactone, the tetramic acid 3-(1-hydroxydecylidene)-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrrolidine-2,4-dione, is a potent antibacterial agent, thus implying roles for QS outside of simply communication. Because these tetramic acids also appear to bind iron with appreciable affinity it was suggested that metal binding might contribute to their biological activity. Here, using a variety of spectroscopic tools, we describe the coordination chemistry of both the methylidene and decylidene tetramic acid derivatives with Fe(III) and Ga(III) and discuss the potential biological significance of such metal binding. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Metal complexes as antibacterial agents: Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity of some 3d metal complexes of sulphadimidine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adedibu Clement Tella

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Metal complexes of Sulphadimidine(SAD were synthesized.The complexes were formulated as [Co(SAD2Cl2], [Cu(SAD2 (H2O2], [Ni (SAD2 Cl2 H2O], [Cd (SAD2 Br2], [Fe (SAD3](H­2O­3 and [Mn (SAD2Cl2] characterized by elemental Analysis, conductivity, IR , UV-Vis, Magnet moment and 1H-NMR and Mass spectroscopies. Co(II, Mn (II,  and Ni(II sulphadimidine complexes consist of metal ion which coordinates through amino nitrogen of the terminal NH2 group and oxygen of sulfonamidic group of the two molecules of sulphadimidine ligand and two halide ions to form octahedral structure while Cd(II coordinates with sulphadimidine through amino nitrogen of the terminal NH2 group with two bromine ions to complete tetrahedral structure. In Cu(II sulphadimidine complex, copper ion coordinates through both pyrimidinic nitrogen (heterocyclic nitrogen and sulfonamidic nitrogen of the two molecules of sulphadimidine. Fe(III coordinates to three molecules of sulphadimidine through heterocyclic nitrogen (pyrimidinic nitrogen and sulfonamidic nitrogen,with three molecules of water outside the coordination sphere. Both Fe(III and Cu(II complexes exhibit octahedral geometry. The antibacterial activity of the complexes and the ligands was investigated against Esherichia coli,  Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumonia .  The data obtained revealed that the complexes showed greater activity against the three micro-organisms when compared to parent compound. Stability constant of the complexes were evaluated for the metal salts, the order of stability constant b was found to be Cu (II > Fe (III >Ni(II> Co (II > Cd (II.The values of stability constant (b was found to be log 6.31, 5.93, 5.29, 4.63 and 3.92, respectively. The stability constant data revealed that this ligand may be used as antidote or chelating agent for medical treatment of metals overload or poisoning.

  10. Ternary complexes metal [Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II)]--ortho-iodohippurate (I-hip)--acyclovir. X-ray characterization of isostructural [(Co, Ni or Zn)(I-hip)(2)(ACV)(H(2)O)(3)] with stacking as a recognition factor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barceló-Oliver, M; Terrón, A; García-Raso, A; Fiol, J J; Molins, E; Miravitlles, C

    2004-11-01

    Four ternary metal--ortho-iodohippurate (I-hip)--acyclovir (ACV) complexes, [M(I-hip)(2)(ACV)(H(2)O)(3)] where M is Co(II) (1), Ni(II) (2), Cu (3) and Zn(II) have been obtained by reaction between the corresponding binary complexes M(II)(I-hip)(2)xnH(2)O and ACV. Three ternary complexes (M=Co, Ni and Zn) and the corresponding Zn(II)--ortho-iodohippurate binary derivative have been structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction: The studies show these three ternary complexes are isostructural and present, in solid state, an interesting stacking between the nucleobase and the aryl ring of the hippurate moiety, which probably promotes the formation of ternary complexes. Moreover, the two different ligands interact between them by means of ancillary hydrogen bonds with water molecules coordinated to the metal ion. It must be mentioned that these two recognition factors, hydrogen bonds plus stacking, could explain the reason for the isostructurality of these ternary derivatives with so different three metal ions, with diverses trends in coordination numbers and geometries. In solid state, there are two enantiomeric molecules that are related by an inversion center as the crystal-building unit (as a translational motif) for the ternary complexes.

  11. Co(II)1-xCo(0)x/3Mn(III)2x/3S Nanoparticles Supported on B/N-Codoped Mesoporous Nanocarbon as a Bifunctional Electrocatalyst of Oxygen Reduction/Evolution for High-Performance Zinc-Air Batteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zilong; Xiao, Shuang; An, Yiming; Long, Xia; Zheng, Xiaoli; Lu, Xihong; Tong, Yexiang; Yang, Shihe

    2016-06-01

    Rechargeable Zn-air battery is an ideal type of energy storage device due to its high energy and power density, high safety, and economic viability. Its large-scale application rests upon the availability of active, durable, low-cost electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in the discharge process and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in the charge process. Herein we developed a novel ORR/OER bifunctional electrocatalyst for rechargeable Zn-air batteries based on the codoping and hybridization strategies. The B/N-codoped mesoporous nanocarbon supported Co(II)1-xCo(0)x/3Mn(III)2x/3S nanoparticles exhibit a superior OER performance compared to that of IrO2 catalyst and comparable Zn-air battery performance to that of the Pt-based battery. The rechargeable Zn-air battery shows high discharge peak power density (over 250 mW cm(-2)) and current density (180 mA cm(-2) at 1 V), specific capacity (∼550 mAh g(-1)), small charge-discharge voltage gap of ∼0.72 V at 20 mA cm(-2) and even higher stability than the Pt-based battery. The advanced performance of the bifunctional catalysts highlights the beneficial role of the simultaneous formation of Mn(III) and Co(0) as well as the dispersed hybridization with the codoped nanocarbon support.

  12. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Panda, SK. Vol 22, No 2 (2010) - Articles Coordination Compounds of CoII, NiII, CuII, ZnII, CdII and HgII with Tridentate ONS Donor Azo dye Ligands Abstract PDF. ISSN: 0795-8080. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners ...

  13. Two New Three-Dimensional Pillared-Layer Co(II and Cu(II Frameworks Involving a [M2(EO-N32] Motif from a Semi-Flexible N-Donor Ligand, 5,5′-Bipyrimidin: Syntheses, Structures and Magnetic Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zu-Zhen Zhang

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Two new three-dimensional (3D Co(II- and Cu(II-azido frameworks, [Co2(N34(bpym2]n (1 and [Cu2(N34(bpym]n (2, were successfully synthesized by introducing a semi-flexible N-donor ligand, 5,5′-bipyrimidin (bpym, with different bridging modes and orientations. Compounds 1 and 2 were structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetry and elemental analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 are 3D pillared-layer frameworks with double end-on (EO azido bridged dinuclear motifs, [M2(EO-N32]. In Compound 1, the bpym ligands show trans μ2-bridging mode and the role as pillars to connect the Co(II-azido layers, composed of [Co2(EO-N32] motifs and single end-to-end (EE azido bridges, to a 3D network with BN topology. In contrast, in 2, the bpym ligand adopts a twisted μ4-bridging mode, which not only connects the adjacent [Cu2(EO-N32] units to a layer, but also functions as a pillar for the layers of the 3D structure. The structural diversities between the two types of architectures can be attributed to the coordination geometry preference of the metal ions (octahedral for Co2+ and square pyramidal for Cu2+. Magnetic investigations revealed that Compound 1 exhibits ferromagnetic-like magnetic ordering due to spin canting with a critical temperature, TC = 33.0 K, and furthers the field-induced magnetic transitions of metamagnetism at temperatures below TC. Compound 2 shows an antiferromagnetic ordering with TN = 3.05 K and a field-induced magnetic transition of spin-flop at temperatures below the TN.

  14. Tween 80 coated alumina: An alternative support for solid phase extraction of copper, nickel, cobalt and cadmium prior to flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.Z. Mohammadi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The potential of coated alumina as a sorbent for the simultaneous separation and preconcentration of copper, nickel, cobalt and cadmium ions has been investigated. Copper, nickel, cobalt and cadmium were adsorbed quantitatively on coated alumina in the pH of 6. The main factors such as pH, amount sorbent, sample and eluent flow rate, type and volume of elution solution and interfering ions on the sorption of metal ions have been investigated in detail. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the detection limits (3Sb of this method for Cu(II, Ni(II, Co(II and Cd(II ions were 0.4, 1.0, 1.2 and 0.2 ng mL−1 in the original solution, respectively. Seven replicate determinations of a mixture of 5.0 μg of Cu(II, Ni(II, Co(II and 1.0 μg of Cd(II ions in the original solution gave a mean absorbance of 0.093, 0.071, 0.066 and 0.049 with relative standard deviations 1.9%, 2.3%, 2.6% and 2.1%, respectively. The method has been applied for the determination of trace amounts of Cu(II, Ni(II, Co(II and Cd(II ions in tobacco, brewed tea and water samples with satisfactory results.

  15. Stability of the Cadmium Complex with the Bacterial Trihydroxamate Siderophore Desferrioxamine B at Seawater Ionic Strength

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christenson, E. A.; Schijf, J.

    2010-12-01

    The divalent transition metal cadmium occurs in seawater at ultra-trace levels. In the open ocean, dissolved Cd(II) displays a nutrient-like profile characterized by a strong gradient from low picomolar concentrations in surface waters to a mid-depth maximum of around 1 nM. Its vertical distribution is highly correlated with that of dissolved phosphate, seemingly at odds with the general perception that Cd is a very toxic element. On the other hand, in Zn-depleted waters Cd(II) has been found to replace Zn(II) or Co(II) in a functional, albeit less efficient form of carbonic anhydrase, a key enzyme enabling the assimilation of bicarbonate into organic matter. Considering these opposing roles, it is likely that phytoplankton regulates the toxicity and/or bioavailability of Cd(II) through the production of certain strong organic ligands, as it has been shown to do for example in the case of Cu(II). Siderophores are a fascinating class of organic ligands excreted by microorganisms to facilitate the acquisition of micronutrient Fe(III), preciously scarce due to its extremely low solubility in seawater. The linear trihydroxamic acid desferrioxamine B (DFOB) is naturally present in open ocean surface waters at picomolar concentrations and, because of its use as a pharmaceutical agent in the treatment of human iron overload disorders, the only purified siderophore commercially available in practicable quantities. The optimal spacing of three bidentate O-bearing functional groups along a flexible carbon frame allows the molecule to wrap around the Fe3+ ion in a polydentate heterocyclic structure that perfectly matches its ionic radius and preferred coordination. Despite its resultant exceptional affinity and selectivity for Fe3+ (β ~ 1031), DFOB also forms very stable complexes with an array of differently sized and charged cations. The only previous report on the stability constant of the Cd(II)-DFOB complex, dating from 1963, proposes a values of 108 at 0.1 M ionic

  16. Non-bonding interactions and non-covalent delocalization effects play a critical role in the relative stability of group 12 complexes arising from interaction of diethanoldithiocarbamate with the cations of transition metals Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II): a theoretical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahrami, Homayoon; Farhadi, Saeed; Siadatnasab, Firouzeh

    2016-07-01

    The chelating properties of diethanoldithiocarbamate (DEDC) and π-electron flow from the nitrogen atom to the sulfur atom via a plane-delocalized π-orbital system (quasi ring) was studied using a density functional theory method. The molecular structure of DEDC and its complexes with Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) were also considered. First, the geometries of this ligand and DEDC-Zn(II), DEDC-Cd(II), and DEDC-Hg(II) were optimized, and the formation energies of these complexes were then calculated based on the electronic energy, or sum of electronic energies, with the zero point energy of each species. Formation energies indicated the DEDC-Zn(II) complex as the most stable complex, and DEDC-Cd(II) as the least stable. Structural data showed that the N1-C2 π-bond was localized in the complexes rather than the ligand, and a delocalized π-bond over S7-C2-S8 was also present. The stability of DEDC-Zn(II), DEDC-Cd(II), and DEDC-Hg(II) complexes increased in the presence of the non-specific effects of the solvent (PCM model), and their relative stability did not change. There was π-electron flow or resonance along N1-C2-S7 and along S7-C2-S8 in the ligand. The π-electron flow or resonance along N1-C2-S7 was abolished when the metal interacted with sulfur atoms. Energy belonging to van der Waals interactions and non-covalent delocalization effects between the metal and sulfur atoms of the ligand was calculated for each complex. The results of nucleus-independent chemical shift (NICS) indicated a decreasing trend as Zn(II) Hg(II) for the aromaticity of the quasi-rings. Finally, by ignoring van der Waals interactions and non-covalent delocalization effects between the metal and sulfur atoms of the ligand, the relative stability of the complexes was changed as follows:[Formula: see text] Graphical Abstract Huge electronic cloud localized on Hg(II) in the Hg(II)-DEDC complex.

  17. Sensitivity of Escherichia coli (MutT) and human (MTH1) 8-oxo-dGTPases to in vitro inhibition by the carcinogenic metals, nickel(II), copper(II), cobalt(II) and cadmium(II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, D W; Yakushiji, H; Nakabeppu, Y; Sekiguchi, M; Fivash, M J; Kasprzak, K S

    1997-09-01

    The toxicity of Ni(II), Co(II) and Cu(II) in animals, and that of Cd(II) in cultured cells, has been associated with generation of the promutagenic lesion 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoguanine) in DNA, among other effects. One possible source of this base may be 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine-5'-triphosphate (8-oxo-dGTP), a product of oxidative damage to the nucleotide pool, from which it is incorporated into DNA. To promote such incorporation, the metals would have to inhibit specific cellular 8-oxo-dGTPases that eliminate 8-oxo-dGTP from the nucleotide pool. The present study was designed to test such inhibition in vitro on 8-oxo-dGTPases from two different species, the human MTH1 protein and Escherichia coli MutT protein. In the presence of Mg(II), the natural activator of 8-oxo-dGTPases, all four metals were found to inhibit both enzymes. For MTH1, the IC50 values (+/- SE; n = 3-4) were 17 +/- 2 microM for Cu(II), 30 +/- 8 microM for Cd(II), 376 +/- 71 microM for Co(II) and 801 +/- 97 microM for Ni(II). For MutT, they were 60 +/- 6 microM for Cd(II), 102 +/- 8 microM for Cu(II), 1461 +/- 96 microM for Ni(II) and 8788 +/- 1003 microM for Co(II). Thus, Cu(II) and Cd(II) emerged as much stronger inhibitors than Ni(II) and Co(II), and MTH1 appeared to be generally more sensitive to metal inhibition than MutT. Interestingly, in the absence of Mg(II), the activity of the enzymes could be restored by Co(II) to 73% of that with Mg(II) alone for MutT, and 34% for MTH1, the other metals being much less or non-effective. The difference in sensitivity to metal inhibition between the two enzymes may reflect the differences in the amino acid ligands, especially the cysteine ligand, outside their evolutionarily conserved Mg(II)-binding active sites, which might indicate predominantly non-competitive or uncompetitive mechanism of the inhibition. The overall results suggest that inhibition of 8-oxo-dGTPases may be involved in the mechanisms of induction of the 8

  18. Metallic complexes with glyphosate: a review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coutinho, Claudia F.B.; Mazo, Luiz Henrique

    2005-01-01

    We present studies involving metallic ions and the herbicide glyphosate. The metallic complexes of Cu(II), Zn(II), Mn(II), Ni(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), Cr(III), Fe(III), Co(III), ammonium, sodium, Ag(I), alkaline earth metals and of some lanthanides ions are described. The complexes are discussed in terms of their synthesis, identification, stability and structural properties, based on data from the current literature. (author)

  19. Metallic complexes with glyphosate: a review; Complexos metalicos com o herbicida glifosato: revisao

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coutinho, Claudia F.B.; Mazo, Luiz Henrique [Sao Paulo Univ., Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica]. E-mail: claudiabreda@iqsc.usp.br

    2005-11-15

    We present studies involving metallic ions and the herbicide glyphosate. The metallic complexes of Cu(II), Zn(II), Mn(II), Ni(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), Cr(III), Fe(III), Co(III), ammonium, sodium, Ag(I), alkaline earth metals and of some lanthanides ions are described. The complexes are discussed in terms of their synthesis, identification, stability and structural properties, based on data from the current literature. (author)

  20. Impact of Bioreduction on Remobilization of Adsorbed Cadmium on Iron Minerals in Anoxic Condition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghorbanzadeh, Nasrin; Lakzian, Amir; Halajnia, Akram; Choi, Ui-Kyu; Kim, Ki-Hyun; Kim, Jong-Oh; Kurade, Mayur; Jeon, Byong-Hun

    2017-06-01

      The impact of bioreduction on the remobilization of adsorbed cadmium Cd(II) on minerals, including hematite, goethite, and two iron(III)-rich clay minerals nontronites (NAU-1 and NAU-2) under anoxic conditions was investigated. Langmuir isotherm equation better described the sorption of Cd(II) onto the all minerals. The maximum adsorption capacity was 6.2, 18.1, 3.6, and 4 mg g-1 for hematite, goethite, NAU-1 and NAU-2, respectively. The desorption of Cd(II) was due to the production of Fe(II) as a result of bioreduction of structural Fe(III) in the minerals by Shewanella putrefaciens. The bioreduction of Cd(II)-loaded Fe(III) minerals was negligible during the initial 5 days followed by a rapid increase up to 20 days. The amount of Cd(II) in solution phase at the end of 30 days increased up to 0.07 mmol L-1 for hematite, NAU-1, and NAU-2 and 0.02 mmol L-1 for goethite. The X-ray diffraction study showed negligible changes in bioreduced minerals phases.

  1. Preparation and preliminary evaluation of [55Co](II) vancomycin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jalilian, A.R.; Yari-Kamrani, Y.; Rowshanfarzad, P.; Sabet, M.; Kamali-Dehghan, M.; Majdabadi, A.

    2008-01-01

    Co-55 (t 1/2 =17.53 h) was produced by 150 μA irradiation of a natural nickel target using 15 MeV protons. It was separated from the irradiated target material by two ion exchange chromatography steps with a radiochemical yield of >95% and was used for the preparation of [ 55 Co]vancomycin ([ 55 Co]VAN). Optimization studies were performed using Co-57 due to its longer half-life. Cobalt-57 (t 1/2 =271.79 d) was produced by irradiation of a natural nickel target with 150 μA current of 22 MeV protons. The 57 Co was separated from the irradiated target material using a no-carrier-added method with a radiochemical yield of >97%. Both products were controlled for radionuclide and chemical purity. The solutions of [ 55 Co]VAN were prepared (radiochemical yield>80%) starting with 55 Co acetate and vancomycin at room temperature after 30 min. A precise solid phrase extraction (SPE) method was developed using Si Sep-Pak in order to purify/reconstitute the final formulation for animal studies. [ 55 Co]VAN showed a radiochemical purity of more than 99%. The resultant specific activity was about 1.15 TBq/mmol. It is proved that the tracer is stable in the final product and in presence of human serum at 37 degree C up to 24 h. Biodistribution study of [ 55 Co]VAN in normal rats was undertaken for up to 72 h. (authors)

  2. Heptacoordinate Coii complex: a new architecture for photochemical hydrogen production

    OpenAIRE

    Lucarini, Fiorella; Pastore, Mariachiara; Vasylevskyi, Serhii; Varisco, Massimo; Solari, Euro; Crochet, Aurelien; Fromm, Katharina M.; Zobi, Fabio; Ruggi, Albert

    2017-01-01

    The first heptacoordinate cobalt catalyst for light-driven hydrogen production in water has been synthesized and characterized. Photochemical experiments using [Ru(bpy)₃]²⁺ as photosensitizer gave a turnover number (TON) of 16300 mol H₂ (mol  cat.)⁻¹ achieved in 2 hours of irradiation with visible (475 nm) light. This promising result provides a path forward in the development of new structures to improve the efficiency of the catalysis.

  3. Modeling of Cd(II) sorption on mixed oxide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Waseem, M.; Mustafa, S.; Naeem, A.; Shah, K.H.; Hussain, S.Y.; Safdar, M.

    2011-01-01

    Mixed oxide of iron and silicon (0.75 M Fe(OH)3:0.25 M SiO/sub 2/) was synthesized and characterized by various techniques like surface area analysis, point of zero charge (PZC), energy dispersive X-rays (EDX) spectroscopy, Thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-rays diffraction (XRD) analysis. The uptake of Cd/sup 2+/ ions on mixed oxide increased with pH, temperature and metal ion concentration. Sorption data have been interpreted in terms of both Langmuir and Freundlich models. The Xm values at pH 7 are found to be almost twice as compared to pH 5. The values of both DH and DS were found to be positive indicating that the sorption process was endothermic and accompanied by the dehydration of Cd/sup 2+/. Further, the negative value of DG confirms the spontaneity of the reaction. The ion exchange mechanism was suggested to take place for each Cd/sup 2+/ ions at pH 5, whereas ion exchange was found coupled with non specific adsorption of metal cations at pH 7. (author)

  4. HYDRATION OF Cd(II): MOLECULAR DYNAMICS STUDY Ahmed M ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    a

    applied in order to increase the probability of finding high-energy states and hence enhancing sampling efficiency in a specific ... nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) [7]. There are, however, several .... from the free energy difference ∆G‡ between ground and transition state via the classical Eyring equation (equation. 7).

  5. Fixation of metallic sulfosalicylate complexes on an anionic exchange resin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cahuzac, S.

    1969-06-01

    Since sulfosalicylate ions have acid-base properties, sulfosalicylate complexes have an apparent stability which varies with the ph. As a result, the fixation of sulfo-salicylates on an anionic exchange resin depends on the ph of the solution in equilibrium with the resin. This research has been aimed at studying the influence of the ph on the fixation on an anionic exchange resin (Dowex 1 x 4) of sulfosalicylate anions on the one hand, and of metallic sulfosalicylate complexes on the other hand. In the first part of this work, a determination has been made, by frontal analysis of the distribution of sulfosalicylate ions in the resin according to the total sulfosalicylate I concentration in the aqueous solution in equilibrium with the resin. The exchange constants of these ions between the resin and the solution have been calculated. In the second part, a study has been made of the fixation of anionic sulfosalicylate complexes of Fe(III), Al(III), Cr(III), Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Zn(II), Mn(II), Cd(II), Fe(II) and UO 2 2+ . By measuring the partition coefficients of these different elements between the resin and the solution it has been possible to give interpretation for the modes of fixation of the metallic ions, and to calculate their exchange constant between the resin and the solution. The relationship has been established for each metallic element studied, between its partition coefficient, the ph and the total concentration of the complexing agent in solution. Such a relationship makes it possible to predict, for given conditions, the nature of the species in solution and in the resin, as well as the partition coefficient of a metallic, element. Finally, in the third part of the work, use has been made of results obtained previously, to carry out some separations (Ni 2+ - Co 2+ ; Ni 2+ - Co 2+ - Cu 2+ ; UO 2 2+ - Fe 3+ ; UO 2 2+ - Cr 3+ ; UO 2 2+ - Cu 2+ ; UO 2 2+ - Ni 2+ ; UO 2 2+ - Co 2+ ; UO 2 2+ - Mn 2+ and UO 2 2+ - Cd 2+ ), as well as the purification

  6. Alumina physically loaded by thiosemicarbazide for selective preconcentration of mercury(II) ion from natural water samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahmed, Salwa A.

    2008-01-01

    The multifunctional ligand, thiosemicarbazide, was physically loaded on neutral alumina. The produced alumina-modified solid phase (SP) extractor named, alumina-modified thiosemicarbazide (AM-TSC), experienced high thermal and medium stability. This new phase was identified based on surface coverage determination by thermal desorption method to be 0.437 ± 0.1 mmol g -1 . The selectivity of AM-TSC phase towards the uptake of different nine metal ions was checked using simple, fast and direct batch equilibration technique. AM-TSC was found to have the highest capacity in selective extraction of Hg(II) from aqueous solutions all over the range of pH used (1.0-7.0), compared to the other eight tested metal ions. So, Hg(II) uptake was 1.82 mmol g -1 (distribution coefficient log K d = 5.658) at pH 1.0 or 2.0 and 1.78, 1.73, 1.48, 1.28 and 1.28 mmol g -1 (log K d = 4.607, 4.265, 3.634, 3.372 and 3.372), at pH 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0 and 7.0, respectively. On the other hand, the metal ions Ca(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) showed low uptake values in range 0.009-0.720 mmol g -1 (log K d < 3.0) at their optimum pH values. A mechanism was suggested to explain the unique uptake of Hg(II) ions based on their binding as neutral and chloroanionic species predominate at pH values ≤3.0 of a medium rich in chloride ions. Application of the new phase for the preconcentration of ultratrace amounts of Hg(II) ions spiked natural water samples: doubly distilled water (DDW), drinking tap water (DTW) and Nile river water (NRW) using cold vapor atomic absorption spectroscopy (CV-AAS) was studied. The high recovery values obtained using AM-TSC (98.5 ± 0.5, 98.0 ± 0.5 and 103.0 ± 1.0) for DDW, DTW and NRW samples, respectively based on excellent enrichment factor 1000, along with a good precision (R.S.D.% 0.51-0.97%, n 3) demonstrate the accuracy and validity of the new modified alumina sorbent for preconcentrating ultratrace amounts of Hg(II) with no

  7. Development of fluorescent FeIII sensor based on chalcone

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wei Yanli, E-mail: weiyanli@sxu.edu.cn [Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006 (China); Qin Guojie [Institute of Horticulture, Shanxi Academy of Agriculture Science, Taiyuan 030031 (China); Wang Wenyan; Bian Wei; Shuang Shaomin [Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006 (China); Dong Chuan, E-mail: dc@sxu.edu.cn [Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006 (China)

    2011-08-15

    In this paper, 4-dimethylamino 2,5-dihydroxy chalcone (DMADHC), which exhibits excited state intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) characteristics, was synthesized and characterized. A sensitive optochemical sensor for Fe{sup 3+} ion was developed using DMADHC as fluorescence receptor. The fluorescence of DMADHC was gradually quenched with the addition of Fe{sup 3+} ion, which attributed to the formation of 1:1 complex between DMADHC and Fe{sup 3+} ion. The sensor exhibited excellent selectivity for Fe{sup 3+} ion over a large number of cation ions such as alkali, alkaline earth and transitional metal ions with a linear range of 3.984x10{sup -7}-1.135x10{sup -5} and a limit of detection of 8.223x10{sup -8} mol/L. On this basis, the sensor was preliminary applied to the determination of the content of iron ions in multi-vitamin tablet with satisfied results and the recoveries were in the 95-100% interval, and precision (n=5) was better than 5%. - Highlights: > A fluorescence receptor, 4-dimethylamino 2,5-dihydroxy chalcone was synthesis by one-step reaction. > Its intramolecular charge transfer fluorescence characteristics could be blocked by Fe{sup 3+} ion. > Based on this, an optochemical sensor for Fe{sup 3+} ion was developed. > Importantly, our proposed method is particularly useful for determination of Fe{sup 3+} ion in real sample.

  8. Complexing of heavy metals with DNA and new bioaffinity method of their determination based on amperometric DNA-based biosensor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babkina, S S; Ulakhovich, N A

    2005-09-01

    The immobilized single-stranded DNA (ssIDNA) has been found to be a very effective biospecific analytical reagent when used in a newly developed bioaffinity method of the determination of heavy metals based on the amperometric DNA-based biosensor. This has been concluded from the comparative study of the complexing of heavy metals with double-stranded DNA, single-stranded DNA, and ssIDNA, using Fe(III) and Cu(II) as a model (metal/nucleotide ratio and stability constants are maximum for ssIDNA), from the study of adsorption of Fe(III), Cu(II), Pb(II), and Cd(II) on nitrocellulose membranes, containing single-stranded DNA, and from the determination of their binding constants with ssIDNA. According to these data, the chosen heavy metals can be lined up in a series of binding strengths with ssIDNA: Cu(II) > Pb(II) > Fe(III) > Cd(II). The method of the determination of heavy metals is based on biospecific preconcentration of metal ions on the biosensor followed by the destruction of DNA-metal complexes with ethylenediaminetetraacetate and voltammogram recording has been proposed. The lower detection limits are 4.0 x 10(-11), 1.0 x 10(-10), 1.0 x 10(-9), and 5.0 x 10(-9) M for Cu(II), Pb(II), Cd(II), and Fe(III), respectively. The heavy metals have been assayed in multicomponent environmental and biological systems such as natural and drinking water, milk, and blood serum samples.

  9. Characterization and use of Moringa oleifera seeds as biosorbent for removing metal ions from aqueous effluents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araújo, Cleide S T; Alves, Vanessa N; Rezende, Hélen C; Almeida, Ione L S; de Assunção, Rosana M N; Tarley, César R T; Segatelli, Mariana G; Coelho, Nivia M Melo

    2010-01-01

    Moringa oleifera seeds were investigated as a biosorbent for removing metal ions from aqueous effluents. The morphological characteristics as well as the chemical composition of M. oleifera seeds were evaluated using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy, Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The FT-IR spectra showed the presence of lipids and protein components. Scanning electron micrographs showed that Moringa seeds have an adequate morphological profile for the retention of metal ions. The results suggest that M. oleifera seeds have potential application in Cd(II), Pb(II), Co(II), Cu(II) and Ag(I) decontamination from aqueous effluents.

  10. Accumulation and distribution of iron, cadmium, lead and nickel in cucumber plants grown in hydroponics containing two different chelated iron supplies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Csog, Árpád; Mihucz, Victor G; Tatár, Eniko; Fodor, Ferenc; Virág, István; Majdik, Cornelia; Záray, Gyula

    2011-07-01

    Cucumber plants grown in hydroponics containing 10 μM Cd(II), Ni(II) and Pb(II), and iron supplied as Fe(III) EDTA or Fe(III) citrate in identical concentrations, were investigated by total-reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry with special emphasis on the determination of iron accumulation and distribution within the different plant compartments (root, stem, cotyledon and leaves). The extent of Cd, Ni and Pb accumulation and distribution were also determined. Generally, iron and heavy-metal contaminant accumulation was higher when Fe(III) citrate was used. The accumulation of nickel and lead was higher by about 20% and 100%, respectively, if the iron supply was Fe(III) citrate. The accumulation of Cd was similar. In the case of Fe(III) citrate, the total amounts of Fe taken up were similar in the control and heavy-metal-treated plants (27-31 μmol/plant). Further, the amounts of iron transported from the root towards the shoot of the control, lead- and nickel-contaminated plants were independent of the iron(III) form. Although Fe mobility could be characterized as being low, its distribution within the shoot was not significantly affected by the heavy metals investigated. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  11. Metal adsorption by agricultural biosorbents: Adsorption isotherm, kinetic and biosorbents chemical structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeek, Sadeek A; Negm, Nabel A; Hefni, Hassan H H; Wahab, Mostafa M Abdel

    2015-11-01

    Biosorption of Cu(II), Co(II) and Fe(III) ions from aqueous solutions by rice husk, palm leaf and water hyacinth was investigated as a function of initial pH, initial heavy metal ions concentration and treatment time. The adsorption process was examined by two adsorption isotherms: Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The experimental data of biosorption process were analyzed using pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order kinetic models. The equilibrium biosorption isotherms showed that the three studied biosorbents possess high affinity and sorption capacity for Cu(II), Co(II) and Fe(III) ions. Rice husk showed more efficiency than palm leaf and water hyacinth. Adsorption of Cu(II) and Co(II) was more efficient in alkaline medium (pH 9) than neutral medium due to the high solubility of metal ion complexes. The metal removal efficiency of each biosorbent was correlated to its chemical structure. DTA studies showed formation of metal complex between the biosorbents and the metal ions. The obtained results showed that the tested biosorbents are efficient and alternate low-cost biosorbent for removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous media. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Sorption of Co2+ on modified inorganic materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hanzel, R.; Rajec, P.

    1999-01-01

    The aim of this study was preparation and characterization of sorbents on the base a silica-gel matrix with immobilized functional group (imidazole or crown-ether). Sorption of cobalt from aqueous solutions on prepared sorbents in static conditions (by 'batch' method) in the dependence of concentration, pH value,, as well as kinetics of sorption were studied. The influence of heavy or toxic metals [Hg(II), Cd(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), Cu(II), Fe(III), Cr(III), Al(III), Na and K] on sorption of cobalt was studied, too

  13. Removal of Industrial Pollutants From Wastewater's By Graft Copolymers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hegazy El-Sayed, A.; El-Nagar Abdel-Wahab, M.; Senna Magdy, M.; Zahran Abdel-Hamid, H.

    1999-01-01

    Graft copolymers that obtained by radiation grafting of acrylic acid and acrylamide onto LDPE film were converted to N-hydroxy ethyl amide and hydroxamic acid derivatives respectively. The possible application for the different prepared chemical derivatives of LDPE graft copolymers in metal adsorption from solutions containing a single cation or simulated medium active waste has been investigated. The results showed that the adsorption of Cu(II) metal by different chemical derivatives was greatly affected by different factors such as graft yield, ph value, concentration of metal in the feed solution, immersion time and treatment temperature. The affinity of N-hydroxy ethyl amide derivative toward the different metals was found to be in the order of; Cu(II) >Pd(II) > Cd(II)> Co(II). However, for hydroxamic acid derivative , the affinity order was: Cd(II) > Cu(II) > Co(II). The ESR and IR analysis revealed that the metal ions are chelated through the lone pair of electrons on the -OH and -NH- groups forming a ring structure. The measured metal ion uptake from simulated medium active waste mixture by N-hydroxy ethyl amide derivative was found to follow the following order: Fe> U> Ni> Zr> Zn> Cr. On the other hand, the measured metal uptake by hydroxamic acid derivative was found to follow: Fe>U> Zr> Ca. It is concluded that the prepared grafted copolymers are of interest for metal chelation and could be applied in the field of waste treatment

  14. Functionalization of magnetic hollow porous oval shape NiFe2O4 as a highly selective sorbent for the simultaneous determination of five heavy metals in real samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Mingyang; Yang, Lijun; Zhang, Lei

    2016-12-01

    In this study, a functionalized magnetic hollow porous oval-shape NiFe 2 O 4 (MHPO-NiFe 2 O 4 ) was designed by a facile synthesis procedure, and employed as magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) material to extract several heavy metal ions. As-prepared MHPO-NiFe 2 O 4 exhibited superior adsorption capacities of 20.17, 16.64, 16.82, 9.69 and 16.58mgg -1 , for Cu(II), Cd(II), Cr(III), Co(II) and Zn(II), and was then used to detect these heavy metals elements in real samples by combining with inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The possible mechanism of the enrichment of heavy metals ions on MHPO-NiFe 2 O 4 was proposed, which involved the dominant adsorption and desorption. The detection limits were as low as 0.015, 0.13, 0.062, 0.035 and 0.46μgL -1 for Cu(II), Cd(II), Cr(III), Co(II) and Zn(II), respectively. A good repeatability was obtained with the relative standard deviation (RSD) of 3.87%. Moreover, the method was successfully utilized for the analysis of five heavy metals in real samples (cabbage, lettuce, apple, seawater), with satisfactory recoveries in the range of 92-108%. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Preconcentration of Co, Ni, Cd and Zn on naphthalene–2,4,6-trimorpholino-1,3,5-triazin adsorbent and flame atomic absorption determination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TAYYEBEH MADRAKIAN

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available A preconcentration method was developed for the determination of trace amounts of Co, Ni, Cd and Zn by atomic absorption spectrometry. The method is based on the retention of the metal cations by naphthalene–2,4,6-trimorpholino-1,3,5-triazin adsorbent in a column. The adsorbed metals were then eluted from the column with hydrochloric acid and the Co, Ni, Cd and Zn were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The optimal extraction and elution conditions were studied. The effects of diverse ions on the preconcentration were also investigated. A preconcentration factor of 250 for Co(II, Ni(II and Zn(II, and 400 for Cd(II can easily be achieved. Calibration graphs were obtained and the detection limits of the method for Co(II, Ni(II, Cd(II and Zn(II were 0.51, 0.49, 0.17 and 0.10 ng mL-1, respectively. The relative standard deviations (RSD of 0.37–2.31 % for Co, 0.37–3.73 % for Ni, 2.20–2.40 % for Cd and 1.50–2.56 % for Zn were obtained. The method was also used for the simultaneous preconcentration of these elements and the method was successfully applied to their preconcentration and determination. The method was applied to the determination of Co, Ni, Cd and Zn in several real samples.

  16. Silica gel chemically modified with ethyl-2-benzothiazolylacetate for selective extraction of Pb(II) and Cu(II) from real water samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aeungmaitrepirom, Wanlapa; Ngeontae, Wittaya; Tuntulani, Thawatchai

    2009-12-01

    A silica-gel chemically modified with ethyl-2-benzothiazolylacetate (SiB) has been synthesized and characterized. The extractions towards Pb(II), Cu(II), Co(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) were carried out in batch extraction. The maximum extraction was found at pH > 4 within 10 min. The maximum adsorption capacities, evaluated from Langmuir's model were 221, 141, 13, 7 and 5 micromol g(-1) for Pb(II), Cu(II), Co(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II), respectively. Home-made mini-columns were used in the flow system. The parameters that affected the extraction efficiency were explored. Sample volumes of 100.0 mL and 1% HNO3 of 5.0 mL as the eluent were employed under the optimized conditions. No interfering from Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Cl- and SO(4)(2-) was observed. This modified silica gel was applied to preconcentrate Pb(II) and Cu(II) from spiked pond water, tap water and drinking water, giving high accuracy and precision. The method detection limits obtained from the desorbed metals determined by FAAS after preconcentration with SiB were 22 and 1 microg L(-1) for Pb(II) and Cu(II), respectively.

  17. A new chelating sorbent for metal ion extraction under high saline conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prabhakaran, D; Subramanian, M S

    2003-05-01

    A new chelating polymeric sorbent was developed by functionalizing Amberlite XAD-16 with 1,3-dimethyl-3-aminopropan-1-ol via a simple condensation mechanism. The newly developed chelating matrix offered a high resin capacity and faster sorption kinetics for the metal ions such as Mn(II), Pb(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II). Various physio-chemical parameters like pH-effect, kinetics, eluant volume and flow rate, sample breakthrough volume, matrix interference effect on the metal ion sorption have been studied. The optimum pH range for the sorption of the above mentioned metal ions were 6.0-7.5, 6.0-7.0, 8.0-8.5, 7.0-7.5, 6.5-7.5, 7.5-8.5 and 6.5-7.0, respectively. The resin capacities for Mn(II), Pb(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) were found to be 0.62, 0.23, 0.55, 0.27, 0.46, 0.21 and 0.25 mmol g(-1) of the resin, respectively. The lower limit of detection was 10 ng ml(-1) for Cd(II), 40 ng ml(-1) for Mn(II) and Zn(II), 32 ng ml(-1) for Ni(II), 25 ng ml(-1) for Cu(II) and Co(II) and 20 ng ml(-1) for Pb(II). A high preconcentration value of 300 in the case of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II),Cd(II) and a value of 500 and 250 for Pb(II) and Zn(II), respectively, were achieved. A recovery of >98% was obtained for all the metal ions with 4 M HCl as eluting agent except in the case of Cu(II) where in 6 M HCl was necessary. The chelating polymer showed low sorption behavior to alkali and alkaline earth metals and also to various inorganic anionic species present in saline matrix. The method was applied for metal ion determination from water samples like seawater, well water and tap water and also from green leafy vegetable, from certified multivitamin tablets and steel samples.

  18. Spectrophotometric determination of metal complexes of 1-nitroso-2-naphthol in micellar medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shar, G.A.; Bhanger, M.I.

    2002-01-01

    Spectrophotometric determination of iron(III), nickel(II) and cobalt(II) is carried out with 1-nitroso-2-naphthol as complexing reagent in aqueous phase using non-ionic surfactant Tween 40. This replaces a tedious and time consuming solvent extraction method, because these solvents are costly and also toxic. Beer's law was obeyed, for Fe(III), Ni(II) and Co(II) over the range 0.5 - 4.0, 0.5 - 4.0 and 0.12 - 3.0 micro g ml/sup -1/ with detection limit (2 sigma ) of 3.3, 5.8 and 3.1 ng ml/sup -1/ respectively. The lambda /sub max/ molar absorption, molar absorptivity and Sandell's sensitivity of Fe(III), Ni(II) and Co(II) were (lambda /sub max/ 446 nm), (lambda/sub max/ 483.5 nm) and (lambda/sub max/ 444.5 nm); sigma/sub max/ x 10/sp 4/ mol/sp -1/ cm/sup -1/) is 1.69, 1.0 and 1.86, 3.3, 5.8 and 3.1 ng cm/sup -2/, respectively. The pH at which the complex is formed for Fe(III), Ni(II) and Co(II) is 1, 8 and 5 respectively. The critical micelle concentration (cmc) of 1-nitroso-2-naphthol is 5% solution. The present method is compared with that of atomic absorption spectroscopy and no significant difference is noted between the two methods at 95% confidence level. The method has been applied to the determination of iron(III), nickel(II) and cobalt(II) in pharmaceutical and industrial wastewater samples. (author)

  19. Combined cation-exchange and solid phase extraction for the selective separation and preconcentration of zinc, copper, cadmium, mercury and cobalt among others using azo-dye functionalized resin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Mousumi; Srivastava, Bhavya; Barman, Milan K; Mandal, Bhabatosh

    2016-04-01

    A facile synthesis of an ion exchange material (FSG-PAN) has been achieved by functionalizing silica gel with an azo-dye. Its composition and structure are well assessed by systematic analysis. Extractor possesses high BET surface area (617.794m(2)g(-1)), exchange capacity and break-through capacity (BTC) (Q0 Zn(II): 225; Cd(II): 918; Hg(II): 384, Cu(II): 269 and Co(II): 388μMg(-1)). The sorption process was endothermic (+ΔH), entropy-gaining (+ΔS) and spontaneous (-ΔG) in nature. Preconcentration factor has been optimized at 172(Zn(II)); 157.2(Cd(II)); 193.6(Hg(II)); 176(Cu(II)); 172.4(Co(II)). Density functional theory calculation has been performed to analyze the sorption pathway. BTC (μMg(-1)) of FSG-PAN was found to be the product of its frontier orbitals and state of sorbed metal ion species, x (at x=1, mononuclear and x>1, a polynuclear species; i.e., BTC=[amount of HOMO]×x). FSG-PAN is used for the selective separation and preconcentration of Zn(II), Cd(II), Hg(II), Cu(II),Co(II) from large volume sample (800mL) of low concentration (0.017-0.40mML(-1)) in presence of foreign ions (50-300mML(-1)) at optimum conditions (pH: 7.0±1.5, flow rate: 2.5mLmin(-1), temperature: 27°C, equilibration-time: 5min). The method was found to be effective for real samples also. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Synthesis and structural studies of first row transition metal complexes of N-(2-nitro-benzilidine-3-hydrazino quinoxaline-2-one

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.V. Anantha Lakshmi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Cr(III, Mn(II, Fe(III, Co(II, Ni(II and Cu(II complexes of N-(2-nitro-benzilidene-3-hydrazino quinoxaline-2-one (NBHQO have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, conductance, thermal, spectral and magnetic data. NBHQO acts as a bidentate ON donor in all the complexes except in Ni(II complex in which it acts as a tridentate ONO donor. Octahedral geometries have been proposed for all the complexes except for Cu(II complex to which the square planar geometry is assigned.

  1. Determination of gold by substoichiometric extraction with N-thioacetyl benzamide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Madhumita Bag; Pabitra Chattopadhyay; Sukalyan Basu

    2011-01-01

    Estimation of gold has been successfully carried out by substoichiometric radiochemical solvent extraction method using a newly designed organic moiety, N-thioacetyl benzamide as extractant and chloroform as solvent at aqueous pH 4. The interference effects of different closely related diverse ions like Fe(III), Cu(II), Co(II), Zn(II), Ni(II) etc. were also critically studied. The validity of this method has been verified by the study of recovery of gold in mud samples. (author)

  2. Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of CoFe2O4 nanomaterial by coprecipitation method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nguyen Anh Tien; Hoang Thi Tuyet

    2015-01-01

    CoFe 2 O 4 spinel nanomaterial has been synthesized by coprecipitation method through the hydrolysis of Co(II) and Fe(III) cations in boiling water. The results of DTA/TGA/DrTGA, XRD, TEM methods showed that CoFe 2 O 4 crystals formed after a calcination at 700 °C exhibited structure of cubic with the particles size of 30-50 nm, H c = 1526.89 Oe, M s = 41.703 emu/g, M r = 19.545 emu/g. (author)

  3. 2 : 2 Fe(III): ligand and "adamantane core" 4 : 2 Fe(III): ligand (hydr)oxo complexes of an acyclic ditopic ligand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghiladi, Morten; Larsen, Frank B.; McKenzie, Christine J.

    2005-01-01

    bond lengths of the two different octahedral iron sites: Fe -mu-OH, 1.953( 5), 2.013( 5) angstrom and Fe-mu-O, 1.803( 5), 1.802( 5) angstrom. The difference in ligand environment is too small for allowing Mossbauer spectroscopy to distinguish between the two crystallographically independent Fe sites...

  4. Synthesis, characterization and biological activity of symmetric dinuclear complexes derived from a novel macrocyclic compartmental ligand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mruthyunjayaswamy, B.H.M.; Ijare, Omkar B.; Jadegoud, Y.

    2005-01-01

    A phenol based novel macrocyclic binucleating compartmental ligand N,N-bis(2,6-diiminomethyl-4-methyl-1-hydroxyphenyl)malonoyldicarboxamide was prepared. The complexes were prepared by template method by reacting 2,6-diformyl-4-methylphenol, malonoyl dihydrazide and the metal chlorides of Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Cd(II), Zn(II) and Hg(II) in methanol to get a series of dinuclear complexes. The complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, conductivity measurements, magnetic susceptibility data, IR, UV-Vis, ESR, NMR and FAB mass spectral data. The dinuclear nature of the complexes was confirmed on the basis of elemental analyses, magnetic susceptibility, ESR and FAB mass spectral data. The ligand as well as Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Zn(II) complexes were tested for their antibacterial and antifungal properties against Escherichia coli, Staphyloccocus aureus, Aspergillus niger and Fusarium oxysporum. Magnetic susceptibility measurements of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes reveal that these complexes exhibit antiferromagnetic coupling behavior due to the presence of two metal ions in close proximity. FAB mass spectrum of the Cu(II) complex gave a clear evidence for the dinuclear nature. The ligand and the complexes were found to be less active against the tested bacteria, but the ligand alone was found active against the fungus Fusarium oxysporum. (author)

  5. Kinetics and mechanisms of metal retention/release in geochemical processes in soil. 1998 annual progress report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taylor, R.W.

    1998-01-01

    'The long-term fate of toxic metals in soils cannot be precisely predicted, and often remediation recommendations and techniques may be ineffective or unnecessary. This work will generate basic knowledge on the kinetics and mechanism(s) of heavy metal retention/release by soil mineral colloids. The information should assist in improving remediation strategies for toxic heavy metal contaminated soils. The objectives are: (1) To determine the effects of residence time on the mechanisms of Cr(VI), Cu(II), Co(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), and Ni(II) sorption/release on Fe and Al oxide and clay mineral surfaces using kinetic studies coupled to extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy and fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. (2) To study the effect of temperature, pH, and phosphate on metal sorption by oxides, and derive thermodynamic parameters to describe the sorption process. As of June, 16, 1997 several clay minerals were tested for their efficiency of removing Cr from aqueous systems. The materials tested--smectite, vermiculites, illites, and kaolinite--represent the natural clay minerals that are abundant in soils and sediments. The clays were used in either their original or reduced (reduced with sodium dithionite) forms. The experimental result indicate that the reduced clays acted as an efficient remover of Cr(VI) from an aqueous system. The XANES spectra of Cr-treated clays provided evidence that the clays reduced Cr(VI) to Cr(III) and immobilized Cr in the clays at the same time. Sodium dithionite applied directly into aqueous systems reduced Cr(VI) to Cr(III), but could not immobilize Cr even in the presence of the clays. The Cr(VI) removal capacity varied with the clay mineral type and the structural Fe content. For the clays used in this study, the removal capacity follows the orders of smectites > vermiculites and illites > kaolinite. Within the same type of clay minerals, reduction of Cr(VI) is highly related to the ferrous iron

  6. Natural Minerals Coated by Biopolymer Chitosan: Synthesis, Physicochemical, and Adsorption Properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budnyak, T. M.; Yanovska, E. S.; Kichkiruk, O. Yu.; Sternik, D.; Tertykh, V. A.

    2016-11-01

    Natural minerals are widely used in treatment technologies as mineral fertilizer, food additive in animal husbandry, and cosmetics because they combine valuable ion-exchanging and adsorption properties together with unique physicochemical and medical properties. Saponite (saponite clay) of the Ukrainian Podillya refers to the class of bentonites, a subclass of layered magnesium silicate montmorillonite. Clinoptilolits are aluminosilicates with carcase structure. In our work, we have coated biopolymer chitosan on the surfaces of natural minerals of Ukrainian origin — Podilsky saponite and Sokyrnitsky clinoptilolite. Chitosan mineral composites have been obtained by crosslinking of adsorbed biopolymer on saponite and clinoptilolite surface with glutaraldehyde. The obtained composites have been characterized by the physicochemical methods such as thermogravimetric/differential thermal analyses (DTA, DTG, TG), differential scanning calorimetry, mass analysis, nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to determine possible interactions between the silica and chitosan molecule. The adsorption of microquantities of cations Cu(II), Zn(II), Fe(III), Cd(II), and Pb(II) by the obtained composites and the initial natural minerals has been studied from aqueous solutions. The sorption capacities and kinetic adsorption characteristics of the adsorbents were estimated. It was found that the obtained results have shown that the ability of chitosan to coordinate heavy metal ions Zn(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), and Fe(III) is less or equal to the ability to retain ions of these metals in the pores of minerals without forming chemical bonds.

  7. Inhibition effects in the partial oxidation of cyclohexane on polymer supported Co(II catalysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAJA ODOVIC

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Polymer supported catalysts with different contents of metal ions where synthesized by wet impregnation of the degassed support from ethanolic solutions of cobalt(II nitrate. Amacroreticular copolymer of poly-4-vinylpyridine with divinylbenzene was used as the support. The prepared catalysts were tested in the partial oxidation of cyclohexane to cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone. Activity tests were performed in a stainless steel, laboratory scale, stirred autoclave, in the semi batch regime under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions. Isothermal experiments where performed at 170 °C for 120 min. In the non-isothermal conditions. isothermal experiments where performed at 170 °C for 120 min. In the non-isothermal experiments, a constant heating rate of 0.3 degree/min was used in the range between 110 °C and 170 °C. Non-linear, least-squares analysis with the simplex optimization method and numerical simulation of the reaction model in each iterative step was used for the kinetic characterization of the process in a non-stationary, semi-batch regime. Apparent rate constants were obtained as an invariant measure of the catalytic system. Anon-linear effect of the content of metal ions on the reaction rate and on the ratio of the yield of the products was observed, which is attributed to a complex interactions between the reaction medium and the heterogeneous catalyst, including a catalyst-inhibition effect.

  8. [1,10]PHENANTHROLINE AND ITS Co(II), Ni(II

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    KEY WORDS: 1,10-Phenanthroline, Imidazole, Cobalt complex, Nickel complex, Copper complex,. Antibacterial activity. INTRODUCTION. Metal complexes containing diimine ligands such as 1,10-phenanthroline and its derivatives have gained importance because of their versatile roles as building blocks for the synthesis ...

  9. Structure of diphosphine complexes of Co(II) in solutions of organic compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saraev, V.V.; Mandyuk, I.M.; Ratovskii, G.V.; Dmitrieva, T.V.; Shmidt, F.K.

    1987-01-01

    The structure of the dichloride complexes of cobalt(II) with 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane (DPPE) and 1,1-bis(diphenylphosphino)methane (DPPM) in organic solvents has been investigated by ESR and electronic spectroscopy. It has been shown that the low-spin complex Co(DPPE) 2 Cl 2 exists in dichloroethane and ethanol solutions in the form of a trigonal bipyramid. Cobalt dichloride reacts with DPPM to form 1:1 and 1:2 complexes, between which there is an equilibrium in a dichloroethane solution. The equilibrium is displaced under the action of the free diphosphine toward the formation of the 1:2 complex. Elimination of the diphosphine from the coordination sphere of cobalt occurs in an ethanol solution

  10. Synthesis of Co9S8 and CoS nanocrystallites using Co(II ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Department of Chemistry, University of Mumbai, Vidyanagari, Santacruz (East), Mumbai 400 098, India. MS received 20 June 2015; ... Keywords. Cobalt sulphide; single-source precursors; pyrolysis and solvothermal decomposition. 1. Introduction ..... with ligand coordination through azomethine nitrogen and sulphur atoms.

  11. Synthesis, spectroscopic and antimicrobial properties of Co(II), Ni (II ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The objective of this study is to investigate the antimicrobial activity of novel Schiff base metal complexes. The resistance of micro-organisms to classical antimicrobial compounds poses a challenge to effective management and treatment of some diseases. In line with this, copper (II), nickel (II) and cobalt (II) complexes of ...

  12. FORMATION OF BINARY COMPLEXES OF Co(II), Ni(II) AND Cu(II ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    INTRODUCTION. Cobalt(II), nickel(II) and copper(II) are associated with several enzymes [1, 2] and any variation ... amounts (10 mg/day), at higher levels of exposure it shows mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. [13]. Minot and ... Nickel plays numerous roles in the biology of microorganisms and plants [15, 16]. Urease, an.

  13. Synthesis of Co9S8 and CoS nanocrystallites using Co(II ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    (3–6) are given in supplementary figures S7 and S8. The morphologies of the materials are found to be flake like. The EDAX analysis of all these materials matches with 1:1 stoichiometries between Co and S. Figure 5 shows TEM images and SAED patterns of the nanocrystals obtained by pyrolysis of precursors (1) and (2) ...

  14. Slow relaxation of magnetization in a bis-mer-tridentate octahedral Co(ii) complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sertphon, Darunee; Murray, Keith S; Phonsri, Wasinee; Jover, Jesús; Ruiz, Eliseo; Telfer, Shane G; Alkaş, Adil; Harding, Phimphaka; Harding, David J

    2018-01-15

    Reaction of a rigid tridentate ligand o-[(1H-imidazol-2-yl)methylideneamino]phenol (2-H 2 imap) with Co(ClO 4 ) 2 in the presence of NaN 3 , or Co(NO 3 ) 2 without a base yields [Co II (2-Himap) 2 ] 1 and [Co III (2-Himap) 2 ]NO 3 ·MeOH 2, respectively. Both complexes exhibit a mer-octahedral geometry with the cobalt centre being distorted along an octahedral-trigonal prismatic pathway. The packing in 1 and 2 is dominated by H-bonding forming 2D sheets and 1D chains, respectively. Detailed dc and ac magnetic studies indicate that 1 is a field-induced single-ion magnet (SIM) with D = 36.7 cm -1 and E = 2.0 cm -1 . Extensive ab initio calculations support these conclusions and suggest that relaxation of the magnetization occurs principally through direct quantum tunnelling in the ground state, with the Raman process dominant in an applied field. This contrasts with the recently reported series of mer-[Co(L) 2 ] (L = monoanionic NNO donor ligand; Inorg. Chem., 2017, 56, 6056-6066) complexes where D is negative, as these compounds have a more ambiguous geometry, and highlights the importance of supramolecular interactions in subtly altering the coordination sphere thereby impacting the magnetic behaviour.

  15. SPECIATION OF L-ASPARTIC ACID COMPLEXES OF Co(II), Ni(II ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    Cobalt is essential for the production of the red blood cells and cobalamin acts as the substrate for the final ... Acetonitrile (GR, E-Merck) and ethylene glycol (AR, Qualigen) were used as received. 2.0 M sodium nitrate solution was prepared to maintain ionic strength in the titrand. Sodium hydroxide of 0.4 M was prepared.

  16. Kinetics of isothermal decomposition of gamma-irradiated and unirradiated Co(II) succinato complex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Omran, Z.A.; El-Belihi, A.A.; Faried, T.; Mousa, M.A.

    1993-01-01

    A kinetic study of the dehydration and decomposition of gamma irradiated and unirradiated Na/sub 2/[Co(C/sub 4/H/sub 4/O/sub 4)sub 2/].7H/sub 2/O has been made using isothermal and dynamic thermogravimetric methods. The thermal dehydration occurs in one step, regulated by a random nucleation model (A3), while the decomposition of anhydrous salt is controlled by a phase boundary controlled model (R3). The kinetic parameters obtained at three heating rate are in good agreement; however, the values of the kinetic parameters estimated isothermally are slightly different from those estimated dynamically. Irradiation enhanced both the dehydration and the decomposition reactions, but did not modify their mechanism. The activation energy decreases as radiation dose increases. (author)

  17. Kinetics of isothermal decomposition of gamma-irradiation and unsaturated Co(II) succinato complex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Omran, Z.A.; El-Bpihi, A.A.; Faried, T.M.; Mousa, M.A.

    1993-01-01

    A kinetic study of the dehydration decomposition of gamma irradiated and unirradiated Na/sub 2[Co(C/sub 4/H/sub 4/O/sub 4/sub 2/].7H/sub 2/O has been made using isothermal and dynamic thermogravimetric methods. The thermal dehydration occurs in one step, regulated by a random nucleation model (A3), while the decomposition of anhydrous salt is controlled by a phase boundary controlled model (R3). The kinetic parameters estimated isothermally are slightly different from those estimated dynamically. Irradiation activation energy decreases as radiation dose increases. (author)

  18. Self-assembly of a Co(II) dimer through H-bonding of water ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    London) 404 982. 8. (a) Miller J S and Epstein A J 1994 Angew. Chem.,. Int. Ed. 33 385; (b) Ohba M and Okawa H 2000 Co- ord. Chem. Rev. 198 313. 9. (a) Millange F, Serre C and Ferey G 2002 Chem. Commun. 822; (b) Ayyappan P, Evans ...

  19. Synthesis, physico-chemical and antimicrobial evaluation of Co(II ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The magnetic moment values (2.50- 3.54B.M) showed that, the metal ions in the complexes are paramagnetic in nature. Decomposition temperatures of the complexes were found to be in the range of (275 – 283ºC). Job's method of continuous variation revealed that, the metal complexes are in 1:1 Metal- Ligand ratio.

  20. Tetracoordinate Co(II) complexes containing bathocuproine and single molecule magnetism

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Smolko, L.; Černák, J.; Dušek, Michal; Titiš, J.; Boča, R.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 40, č. 8 (2016), s. 6593-6598 ISSN 1144-0546 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LO1603; GA ČR(CZ) GA15-12653S EU Projects: European Commission(XE) CZ.2.16/3.1.00/24510 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : crystal structure * single molecule magnetism * Cu(II) complexes Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.269, year: 2016

  1. SPECIATION OF L-ASPARTIC ACID COMPLEXES OF Co(II), Ni(II ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    Cobalt is essential for the production of the red blood cells and cobalamin acts as the substrate for the final enzymatic reaction that yields the active coenzyme derivatives of cyanocobalamin and aquacobalamin. Nickel is found in enzymes, such as urease, which is a dinuclear Ni(II)-containing metalloenzyme [8-10].

  2. Synthesis, Spectroscopic and Antimicrobial properties of Co(II), Ni (II ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADOWIE PERE

    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to investigate the antimicrobial activity of novel. Schiff base metal complexes. The resistance of micro-organisms to classical antimicrobial compounds poses a challenge to effective management and treatment of some diseases. In line with this, copper (II), nickel (II) and cobalt (II) ...

  3. Synthesis, Characterization and Thermal Studies of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NICO

    2010-06-15

    Jun 15, 2010 ... Ni(II) and Zn(II). TG curves indicated that the complexes decompose in three to four steps. The presence of coordinated water in metal complexes was confirmed by thermal and IR data of the complexes. KEY WORDS. Synthesis, Schiff bases, 1,2,4-triazine, thermal study. 1. Introduction. Triazine chemistry ...

  4. Chiral mixed ligand Co(II) and Ni(II) complexes: synthesis and biological activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shivankar, Vitthal S; Thakkar, Narendra V

    2004-01-01

    Chiral mixed ligand (CML) transition metal complexes of the type MQL.2H2O, where M is Co(II)/Ni(II), Q is deprotonated 8-hydroxyquinoline and L is a deprotonated chiral saccharide such as (+)-glucose and (-)-fructose, have been synthesized. The metal complexes have been characterized on the basis of elemental analysis and various physicochemical techniques such as molar conductance, specific rotation measurements, magnetic, spectral and thermal studies. The cup-plate method has been used to study the antibacterial activity of the compounds against some of the pathogenic bacteria such as C. diphtheriae, E. coli, S. typhi, S. dysenteriae, S. aureus and V. cholerae. The antifungal activity of the complexes against some of the pathogenic fungi such as Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger has been studied by the tube dilution method. The results have been compared against those of controls, which were screened simultaneously. The complexes have been screened for acute oral toxicity in albino rats. The method of Litchfield and Wilcoxon has been used to determine the LD50 values.

  5. Solution equilibrium study of the complexation of Co(II) and Zn(II ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Protonated and simple mononuclear species in different protonation and deprotonation states were identified. The corresponding formation constants calculated using MINIQUAD-75 computer program, and species distribution diagrams produced using the HYSS computer program. Selection of the best-fit chemical models ...

  6. Synthesis, structural characterization and antimicrobial activity evaluation of metal complexes of sparfloxacin

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Gamel, Nadia E. A.; Zayed, M. A.

    2011-11-01

    The synthesis and characterization of binary Cu(II)- ( 1), Co(II)- ( 2), Ni(II)- ( 3), Mn(II)- ( 4), Cr(III)- ( 5), Fe(III)- ( 6), La(III)- ( 7), UO 2(VI)- ( 8) complexes with sparfloxacin ( HL1) and ternary Cu(II)- ( 9), Co(II)- ( 10), Ni(II)- ( 11), Mn(II)- ( 12), Cr(III)- ( 13), Fe(III)- ( 14), La(III)- ( 15), UO 2(VI)- ( 16) complexes with sparfloxacin ( HL1) and DL-alanine ( H2L2) complexes are reported using elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility, IR, UV-Vis, thermal analysis and 1H-NMR spectral studies. The molar conductance measurements of all the complexes in DMF solution correspond to non-electrolytic nature. All complexes were of the high-spin type and found to have six-coordinate octahedral geometry except the Cu(II) complexes which were four coordinate, square planar and U- and La-atoms in the uranyl and lanthanide have a pentagonal bipyramidal coordination sphere. The antimicrobial activity of these complexes has been screened against two Gram-positive and two Gram-negative bacteria. Antifungal activity against two different fungi has been evaluated and compared with reference drug sparfloxacin. All the binary and ternary complexes showed remarkable potential antimicrobial activity higher than the recommended standard agents. Ni(II)- and Mn(II) complexes exhibited higher potency as compared to the parent drug against Gram-negative bacteria.

  7. Preconcentration and determination of trace metal ions from aqueous samples by newly developed gallic acid modified Amberlite XAD-16 chelating resin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, R K; Pant, Parul

    2009-04-15

    Gallic acid was immobilized on Amberlite XAD-16 by coupling it through -N=N group. The resulting chelating resin Amberlite XAD-16 gallic acid, characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), infrared (IR) spectra and BET analysis, was used to preconcentrate Cr(III), Mn(II),Fe(III),Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II)ions. The resin was employed for the preconcentration of the metal ions present in river water and industrial area aqueous samples. Several parameters like effect of pH, effect of time, effect of sample volume and flow rate of sample were investigated. The sorption capacities for the resin were 216 micromol g(-1), 180 micromol g(-1), 403 micromol g(-1), 281 micromol g(-1), 250 micromol g(-1) and 344 micromol g(-1) for Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) respectively. The preconcentration factors for Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(III), Ni(II), Co(II) and Cu(II) were found out to be 300, 200, 400, 285.7, 300 and 400 respectively. The effect of various interfering ions was also studied. Results were validated by using standard addition method for river water sample.

  8. STABILITY OF BINARY COMPLEXES OF Pb(II), Cd(II) AND Hg(II ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    stabilized in the micellar pseudo phase. Thus, metal ligand combinations resulting in neutral complexes are favored. It has been demonstrated that water insoluble metal chelates can be solubilised with a micellar solution of non-ionic surfactant such as TX100. This solubilisation technique is frequently utilized in analytical ...

  9. Kinetic and equilibrium studies of Pb(II) and Cd(II) adsorption on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The adsorption behavior of NaOH-activated African wild mango (Irvingia gabonensis) shell with respect to Pb2+ and Cd2+ has been studied in order to consider its application to purify metal finishing waste water. The optimum conditions of adsorption were determined by investigating the initial metal ions concentration, ...

  10. KINETIC AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES OF Pb(II) AND Cd(II ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Irvingia gabonensis) shell with respect to Pb2+ and Cd2+ has been studied in order to consider its application to purify metal finishing waste water. The optimum conditions of adsorption were determined by investigating the initial metal ions ...

  11. Kinetic and equilibrium studies of Pb(II) and Cd(II) adsorption on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 30, No 2 (2016) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  12. SPECIATION OF BINARY COMPLEXES OF Pb(II) AND Cd(II) WITH ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    strong acid with alkali were carried out at regular intervals to check whether complete equilibration was .... magnitudes of stability constants due to incorporation of errors is alkali > acid > ligand > metal. Some species ... Variations in the relative strengths of acids and bases with changing solvents should be a function of the ...

  13. Surface complexation modeling of Cd(II) sorption to montmorillonite, bacteria, and their composite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ning; Du, Huihui; Huang, Qiaoyun; Cai, Peng; Rong, Xingmin; Feng, Xionghan; Chen, Wenli

    2016-10-01

    Surface complexation modeling (SCM) has emerged as a powerful tool for simulating heavy metal adsorption processes on the surface of soil solid components under different geochemical conditions. The component additivity (CA) approach is one of the strategies that have been widely used in multicomponent systems. In this study, potentiometric titration, isothermal adsorption, zeta potential measurement, and extended X-ray absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) spectra analysis were conducted to investigate Cd adsorption on 2 : 1 clay mineral montmorillonite, on Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis, and their mineral-organic composite. We developed constant capacitance models of Cd adsorption on montmorillonite, bacterial cells, and mineral-organic composite. The adsorption behavior of Cd on the surface of the composite was well explained by CA-SCM. Some deviations were observed from the model simulations at pH SCM closely coincided with the estimated value of EXAFS at pH 6. The model could be useful for the prediction of heavy metal distribution at the interface of multicomponents and their risk evaluation in soils and associated environments.

  14. The catalytic ozonization of model lignin compounds in the presence of Fe(III) ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben'ko, E. M.; Mukovnya, A. V.; Lunin, V. V.

    2007-05-01

    The ozonization of several model lignin compounds (guaiacol, 2,6-dimethoxyphenol, phenol, and vanillin) was studied in acid media in the presence of iron(III) ions. It was found that Fe3+ did not influence the initial rate of the reactions between model phenols and ozone but accelerated the oxidation of intermediate ozonolysis products. The metal concentration dependences of the total ozone consumption and effective rate constants of catalytic reaction stages were determined. Data on reactions in the presence of oxalic acid as a competing chelate ligand showed that complex formation with Fe3+ was the principal factor that accelerated the ozonolysis of model phenols at the stage of the oxidation of carboxylic dibasic acids and C2 aldehydes formed as intermediate products.

  15. Prediction of 3-hydroxypyridin-4-one (HPO) log K1 values for Fe(III).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yu-Lin; Barlow, Dave J; Kong, Xiao-Le; Ma, Yong-Min; Hider, Robert C

    2012-09-21

    As a means to aid in the design of 3-hydroxypyridin-4-ones (HPOs) intended for use as therapeutic Fe(3+) chelating agents, a novel methodology has been developed using quantum mechanical (QM) calculations for predicting the iron binding affinities of the compounds (more specifically, their log K(1) values). The reported/measured HPO log K(1) values were verified through their correlation with the corresponding sum of the compounds' ligating group pK(a) values. Using a training set of eleven HPOs with known log K(1) values, reliable predictions are shown to be obtained with QM calculations using the B3LYP/6-31+G(d)/CPCM model chemistry (with Bondi radii, and water as solvent). With this methodology, the observed log K(1) values for the training set compounds are closely matched by the predicted values, with the correlation between the observed and predicted values giving r(2) = 0.9. Predictions subsequently made by this method for a test set of 42 HPOs of known log K(1) values gave predicted values accurate to within ±0.32 log units. In order to further investigate the predictive power of the method, four novel HPOs were synthesised and their log K(1) values were determined experimentally. Comparison of these predicted log K(1) values against the measured values gave absolute deviations of 0.22 (13.87 vs. 14.09), 0.02 (14.31 vs. 14.29), 0.12 (14.62 vs. 14.50), and 0.13 (15.04 vs. 15.17). The prediction methodology reported here is the first to be provided for predicting the absolute log K(1) values of iron-chelating agents in the absence of pK(a) values.

  16. Schiff Base Ligand Coated Gold Nanoparticles for the Chemical Sensing of Fe(III Ions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abiola Azeez Jimoh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available New Schiff base-coated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs of type AuNP@L (where L: thiolated Schiff base ligand have been synthesized and characterized using various spectroscopic techniques. The AuNPs and AuNP@L were imaged by transmission electron microscopy (TEM and were confirmed to be well-dispersed, uniformly distributed, spherical nanoparticles with an average diameter of 8–10 nm. Their potential applications for chemosensing were investigated in UV-Vis and fluorescence spectroscopic studies. The AuNP@L exhibited selectivity for Fe3+ in an ethanol/water mixture (ratio 9 : 1 v/v. The absorption and emission spectral studies revealed a 1 : 1 binding mode for Fe3+, with binding constants of 8.5×105 and 2.9×105 M−1, respectively.

  17. Adatom Fe(III on the hematite surface: Observation of a key reactive surface species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosso Kevin M

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The reactivity of a mineral surface is determined by the variety and population of different types of surface sites (e.g., step, kink, adatom, and defect sites. The concept of "adsorbed nutrient" has been built into crystal growth theories, and many other studies of mineral surface reactivity appeal to ill-defined "active sites." Despite their theoretical importance, there has been little direct experimental or analytical investigation of the structure and properties of such species. Here, we use ex-situ and in-situ scanning tunneling microcopy (STM combined with calculated images based on a resonant tunneling model to show that observed nonperiodic protrusions and depressions on the hematite (001 surface can be explained as Fe in an adsorbed or adatom state occupying sites different from those that result from simple termination of the bulk mineral. The number of such sites varies with sample preparation history, consistent with their removal from the surface in low pH solutions.

  18. Concurrent nitrate and Fe(III) reduction during anaerobic biodegradation of phenols in a sandstone aquifer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm, Mette; Crouzet, C.; Arvin, Erik

    2000-01-01

    The biodegradation of phenols (similar to 5, 60, 600 mg 1(-1)) under anaerobic conditions (nitrate enriched and unamended) was studied in laboratory microcosms with sandstone material and groundwater from within an anaerobic ammonium plume in an aquifer, The aqueous phase was sampled and analyzed...

  19. Phosphopeptide Purification by IMAC with Fe(III) and Ga(III)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steen, Hanno; Stensballe, Allan

    2007-01-01

    INTRODUCTIONImmobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) makes use of matrix-bound metals to affinity-purify phosphoproteins and phosphopeptides. Commonly used metals in early studies such as Ni(2+), Co(2+), Zn(2+), and Mn(2+) were shown to bind strongly to proteins with a high density...... of histidines. More recently, immobilized Fe(3+), Ga(3+), and Al(3+) metal ions have been used for the selective enrichment of phosphopeptides from complex proteolytic digest mixtures containing both phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated components. The use of a nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) matrix over...... iminodiacetic-acid-modified matrices has been reported to provide an advantage in selectivity. The development of elution conditions that are directly compatible with MS analysis of the enriched phosphopeptide samples provides the option to interface IMAC and MS online. This protocol describes the enrichment...

  20. NEW FE(III) AND OS(VI) SILSESQUIOXANES. (R829553)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  1. STRUCTURE AND SOME BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF Fe(III COMPLEXES WITH NITROGEN-CONTAINING LIGANDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Bulhac

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Four coordination compounds of iron(III with ligands based on hydrazine and sulfadiazine: FeCl3·digsemi·2H2O (I (digsemi-semicarbazide diacetic acid dihydrazide, [Fe(HLSO4] (II (НL - sulfadiazine, [Fe(H2L1(H2O2](NO33·5H2O (III (H2L1-2,6-diacetylpyridine bis(nicotinoylhydrazone and [Fe(H2L2(H2O2](NO33•1.5H2O (IV (H2L2 - 2,6-diacetylpyridine bis(isonicotinoylhydrazone were synthesized. The spectroscopic and structural characterisation as well as their biological, properties are presented.

  2. Fe(III Is Essential for Porcine Embryonic Development via Mitochondrial Function Maintenance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Hui Zhao

    Full Text Available Iron is an important trace element involved in several biological processes. The role of iron in porcine early embryonic development remains unknown. In the present study, we depleted iron (III, Fe3+ with deferoxamine (DFM, a specific Fe3+ chelator, in cultured porcine parthenotes and monitored embryonic development, apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential, and ATP production. Results showed biphasic function of Fe3+ in porcine embryo development. 0.5 μM DFM obviously increased blastocyst formation (57.49 ± 2.18% vs. control, 43.99 ± 1.72%, P < 0.05 via reduced (P < 0.05 production of reactive oxygen species (ROS, further increased mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP production in blastocysts (P < 0.05. 0.5 μM DFM decreased mRNA expression of Caspase 3 (Casp3 and increased Bcl-xL. However, results showed a significant reduction in blastocyst formation in the presence of 5.0 μM DFM compared with the control group (DFM, 21.62 ± 3.92% vs. control, 43.99 ± 1.73%, P < 0.05. Fe3+ depletion reduced the total (DFM, 21.10 ± 8.78 vs. control, 44.09 ± 13.65, P < 0.05 and increased apoptotic cell number (DFM, 11.10 ± 5.24 vs. control, 2.64 ± 1.43, P < 0.05 in the blastocyst. An obvious reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP level after 5.0 μM DFM treatment was observed. Co-localization between mitochondria and cytochrome c was reduced after high concentration of DFM treatment. In conclusion, Fe3+ is essential for porcine embryonic development via mitochondrial function maintenance, but redundant Fe3+ impairs the function of mitochondria.

  3. STRUCTURE OF Co(III) AND Fe(III) TRANSITION METAL IONS IN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 20, No 1 (2006) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  4. Nontronite Particle Aggregation Induced by Microbial Fe(III) Reduction and Exopolysaccharide Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    EXOPOLYSACCHARIDE PRODUCTION DEB P. JAISI , IIAILIANG DONGI’*, JINWOOK KI, 2 ZIQJ HE’l AND JOHN P. MORTON’ 2 Department of Geology , Miami University, Oxford, Ol...corundum. Chemical Geology , bioreduction and EPS production represented one step 148, 157-175. forward. Although it was our initial intention to quantity...organic com- in natural environments, Fe(ll1) bioreduction and poly- pounds on fractal aggregates. Environmental Science and sacchiaride production may

  5. Navicula sp. Sulfated Polysaccharide Gels Induced by Fe(III): Rheology and Microstructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fimbres-Olivarría, Diana; López-Elías, José Antonio; Carvajal-Millán, Elizabeth; Márquez-Escalante, Jorge Alberto; Martínez-Córdova, Luis Rafael; Miranda-Baeza, Anselmo; Enríquez-Ocaña, Fernando; Valdéz-Holguín, José Eduardo; Brown-Bojórquez, Francisco

    2016-07-30

    A sulfated polysaccharide extracted from Navicula sp. presented a yield of 4.4 (% w/w dry biomass basis). Analysis of the polysaccharide using gas chromatography showed that this polysaccharide contained glucose (29%), galactose (21%), rhamnose (10%), xylose (5%) and mannose (4%). This polysaccharide presented an average molecular weight of 107 kDa. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs showed that the lyophilized Navicula sp. polysaccharide is an amorphous solid with particles of irregular shapes and sharp angles. The polysaccharide at 1% (w/v) solution in water formed gels in the presence of 0.4% (w/v) FeCl₃, showing elastic and viscous moduli of 1 and 0.7 Pa, respectively. SEM analysis performed on the lyophilized gel showed a compact pore structure, with a pore size of approximately 150 nm. Very few studies on the gelation of sulfated polysaccharides using trivalent ions exist in the literature, and, to the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to describe the gelation of sulfated polysaccharides extracted from Navicula sp.

  6. Adsorption characteristics of Fe(III) and Fe(III)-NTA complex on granular activated carbon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, D S

    2004-01-02

    The adsorption of Fe(3+) ion on granular activated carbon has been studied in kinetic and equilibrium conditions taking into account the adsorbate concentration, temperature and solution pH as major influential factors. In addition, the effect of nitrilotriacetic acid on adsorption reaction as a complexing agent has been examined. Kinetic studies showed that the adsorption rate was increased as the initial Fe(3+) concentration was raised. The adsorption reaction was estimated to be first-order at room temperature. The adsorption rate and equilibrium adsorption of Fe(3+) increased as the temperature rose. The activation energy for adsorption was approximately 2.23 kJ mol(-1), which implied that Fe(3+) mainly physically adsorbed on activated carbon. Coexistence of nitrilotriacetic acid with Fe(3+) resulted in a decrease of equilibrium adsorption and the extent of decrease was proportional to the concentration of nitrilotriacetic acid. In the presence of nitrilotriacetic acid, the adsorbability of Fe(3+) decreased with pH. However, the trend was reversed in the absence of nitrilotriacetic acid. When activated carbon was swelled by acetic acid, the specific surface area was increased and maximum swelling was achieved at approximately 48 h of swelling time. Thermodynamic parameters such as DeltaG(o), DeltaH(o) and DeltaS(o) for adsorption reaction were estimated based on equilibrium data and in connection with these results the thermodynamic aspects of adsorption reaction were discussed.

  7. Anaerobic Fe(III) reduction by Shewanella putrefaciens: Analysis of the electron transport chain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daad Saffarini

    2004-01-20

    The goals of the project were to isolate mutants that are deficient in metal reduction, identify components of the electron transport chain that are involved in this process, and purify some of these proteins for biochemical analyses. In the 3-year period since the start of the project, we have accomplished many of these goals. We have isolated several new S. oneidensis mutants that are deficient in metal reduction, and have initiated the development of vectors for the overexpression of cytochromes and other proteins in S. oneidensis. We have also overexpressed CymA, one of the c cytochromes that are involved in metal reduction.

  8. The sorption-chromaticity determination of Fe(III in the waters of the galvanic production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. T. Sukhanov

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Developed out express Sorption-colorimetric methods for the determination of iron in water, based on the sorption concentration of detecting component of the solution impregnated in the polyurethane foam, the formation on the surface of a colored compound and then its definition in the sorbent matrix by measuring color intensity or chromaticity characteristics. The first method is based on determining the agitation of the sample solution with a tablet impregnated with PPU known mass, from which the air bubbles are removed, the second dynamic – by sampling by suction solution in the analytical cartridge impregnated with PPU. Discoloration polyurethane indicates the presence of iron (III in water, and its content was determined by comparing the color intensity of foam tablets previously prepared color chart or chromaticity characteristics comparing analyte and standard solutions. The conditions of sorption-photometric analysis: the concentration of the photometric reagent impregnated in the foam, the degree of loading it impregnant, the phases of contact, the acidity of the environment. When using analytical cartridges lower limit of detection is 2 times higher, and the measurement error to 3.5% lower than with the tablets. The proposed test methods using polyurethane enable to carry out the analysis of wash water and the total flow of galvanizing plant before and after neutralization station “on the spot”, without the use of sophisticated instruments and highly skilled operator.

  9. Promotion by phosphate of Fe(III)- and Cu(II)-catalyzed autoxidation of fructose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Glen D; Mavi, Ahmet; Meral, Kadem

    2008-03-17

    Although the oxidative destruction of glucose and fructose has been studied by several investigators over the past century, the mechanism by which phosphate promotes these oxidation reactions is not known. A wide range of oxidation products have been used to monitor the oxidation of sugars and free radicals have been shown to be involved. The influence of phosphate concentration on the rate of production of free radicals and several sugar oxidation products has been studied. It was found that fructose is much more susceptible to autoxidation than glucose, galactose, or sucrose. The promotion of sugar oxidation by phosphate was found to be iron dependent. Addition of the iron chelators, diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) and desferrioxamine completely suppressed the oxidation reactions, even at high concentrations of phosphate. Formaldehyde was positively identified as a product of fructose oxidation by HPLC analysis of its acetylacetone adduct. A mechanism is proposed in which phosphate cleaves the oxo bridges of the iron(III)-fructose complex, based on UV spectral analysis and magnetic susceptibility measurements, and thereby catalyzes the autoxidation of fructose.

  10. Synthesis, characterization and stability of Cr(III) and Fe(III) hydroxides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Papassiopi, N.; Vaxevanidou, K.; Christou, C.; Karagianni, E.; Antipas, G.S.E.

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: • Fe(III)–Cr(III) hydroxides enhance groundwater quality better than pure Cr(III) compounds. • Crystalline Cr(OH) 3 ·3H 2 O was unstable, with a solubility higher than 50 μg/l. • Amorphous Cr(OH) 3 (am) was stable with a solubility lower than 50 μg/l in the range 5.7 0.75 Cr 0.25 (OH) 3 , the stability region was extended to 4.8 3 ·xH 2 O whereas in the presence of iron the precipitate is a mixed Fe (1−x) Cr x (OH) 3 phase. In this study, we report on the synthesis, characterisation and stability of mixed (Fe x ,Cr 1−x )(OH) 3 hydroxides as compared to the stability of Cr(OH) 3 . We established that the plain Cr(III) hydroxide, abiding to the approximate molecular formula Cr(OH) 3 ·3H 2 O, was crystalline, highly soluble, i.e. unstable, with a tendency to transform into the stable amorphous hydroxide Cr(OH) 3 (am) phase. Mixed Fe 0.75 Cr 0.25 (OH) 3 hydroxides were found to be of the ferrihydrite structure, Fe(OH) 3 , and we correlated their solubility to that of a solid solution formed by plain ferrihydrite and the amorphous Cr(III) hydroxide. Both our experimental results and thermodynamic calculations indicated that mixed Fe(III)–Cr(III) hydroxides are more effective enhancers of groundwater quality, in comparison to the plain amorphous or crystalline Cr(III) hydroxides, the latter found to have a solubility typically higher than 50 μg/l (maximum EU permitted Cr level in drinking water), while the amorphous Cr(OH) 3 (am) phase was within the drinking water threshold in the range 5.7 0.75 Cr 0.25 (OH) 3 hydroxides studied were of extended stability in the 4.8 < pH < 13.5 range

  11. A new ion-selective electrode based on aluminium tungstate for Fe(III)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    mately 10–15 mg of iron is present in the food ingested during a day (Teixeira et al 1998). The absence of iron in the organism causes anemia which results ..... 5 that interference due to presence of alkaline earth metal ions is negligible and Hg2+, Th4+, Co2+, Ni2+, Zn2+ and. Mn2+ register slight interference in the order of ...

  12. Monodisperse superparamagnetic nanoparticles by thermolysis of Fe(III) oleate and mandelate complexes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Patsula, Vitalii; Petrovský, Eduard; Kovářová, Jana; Konefal, Rafal; Horák, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 292, č. 9 (2014), s. 2097-2110 ISSN 0303-402X R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP206/12/0381; GA MŠk 7E12053 EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 246513 - NADINE Institutional support: RVO:61389013 ; RVO:67985530 Keywords : superparamagnetic * nanoparticles * iron oxide Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry; DE - Earth Magnetism, Geodesy, Geography (GFU-E) Impact factor: 1.865, year: 2014

  13. Synthesis and Structural Studies on Transition Metal Complexes Derived from 4-Hydroxy-4-methyl–2-pentanone-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl-hydrazone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Neelamma

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Transition metal complexes of Cr(III, Fe(III, Mn(II, Co(II, Ni(II, Cu(II and Zn(II with a tridentate ligand, 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone-1H-benzimidazole-2yl-hydrazone (H-HPBH derived from the condensation of 2-hydrazinobenzimidazole and diacetone alcohol was synthesized. Characterization has been done on the basis of analytical, conductance, thermal and magnetic data, infrared, 1H NMR, electronic, mass and ESR spectral data. From analytical and thermal data, the stoichiometry of the complexes has been found to be 1:1 (metal: ligand. Divalent complexes have the general formula [M(HPBHCl(H2O2] in octahedral geometry, [M(HPBHCl] in tetrahedral and square planar stereochemistries and trivalent complexes [M(HPBHCl2(H2O] in octahedral disposition. Infrared spectral data suggest that the ligand HPBH behaves as a monobasic tridentate ligand with N: N: O donor sequence towards the metal ions. On the basis of the above physicochemical data, octahedral, tetrahedral and square planar geometries were assigned for the complexes. The ligand and metal complexes were screened for their physiological activities against E. coli and S. aureus. The order of physiological activity has been found to be Cu(II > Ni(II > Zn(II > Co(II > Cr(III > Mn(II > Fe (III > ligand against E.coli and Ni(II > Cu(II > Zn(II > Mn(II > Cr(III > Fe(III > Co(II > ligand against S. aureus.

  14. Study on the removal of fluoride from drinking water and effluents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Charbel, M.Y.

    1990-01-01

    A study for removal of excess fluoride from drinking water and aqueous effluents from nuclear power plants is presented. Inorganic and organic ion exchangers were used for this purpose: 1. Alumina microspheres form, granular alumina and zirconium oxide (powder or granular form with the aid of agglutinants) were experimented. 2. Strong cation exchange resins as Al-III, Fe-III, Zr-IV, RE-III, Ca-II and Mg-II salt form were examined. 3. Retention on hydrous oxide of Al-III, Fe-III, Zr-IV and RE-III supported on strong cation ion exchanger was performed. 4. Strong anion exchange resins in the form of OH sup(-), Cl sup(-), NO3 sup(-), CO3 sup(2-), SO4 sup(2-), ClO4 sup(-) and Zr(SO4)3 sup(2-) were examined. For the experiments pure fluoride solutions or dilute solutions containing the cations of Fe-III, Ca-II, Mn-II, Cu-II, Al-III, Cd-II and U-VI were used. Cation exchange resin loaded with zirconium, anion exchange resin as hydroxyl and zirconium sulfate complex form exhibited very good results, but the last performed best and we suggest it for industrial application. (author)

  15. Equilibrium and kinetics studies of heavy metal ions biosorption on green algae waste biomass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulgariu, Dumitru; Bulgariu, Laura

    2012-01-01

    The biosorption of Pb(II), Cd(II), and Co(II), respectively, from aqueous solution on green algae waste biomass was investigated. The green algae waste biomass was obtained from marine green algae after extraction of oil, and was used as low-cost biosorbent. Batch shaking experiments were performed to examine the effects of initial solution pH, contact time and temperature. The equilibrium biosorption data were analyzed using two isotherm models (Langmuir and Freundlich) and two kinetics models (pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order). The results indicate that Langmuir model provide best correlation of experimental data, and the pseudo-second order kinetic equation could best describe the biosorption kinetics of considered heavy metals. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Graphite electrodes modified by 8-hydroxyquinolines and its application for the determination of copper in trace levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sousa Eliane R. de

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Surface modification by 8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid (8-HQS or 8-hydroxyquinoline (8-HQ on a graphite electrode through irreversible adsorption is reported in this paper. Cyclic voltammetry was used to characterize the surface behavior. The modified surface exhibited an affinity to chelating Cu(II in the solution, forming a Cu(II complex, which was employed for Cu(II trace analysis. Of the metals Zn, Ni, Pb, Co, and Cd, none presented interference until excess concentration of 10 times. Significant interference could be observed from Co(II, Cd(II and Fe(II for an excess concentration of 100 times on the analyte. A differential pulse voltammetry, combined with a preconcentrating-stripping process and a standard addition method was used for the analysis. A detection limit for trace copper determination in water, such as 5.110-9 mol L-1, was obtained.

  17. Detection of DNA hybridization by various spectroscopic methods using the copper tetraphenylporphyrin complex as a probe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gong, H.; Cai, C.; Ma, Y.; Chen, X.

    2012-01-01

    We are presenting new and highly sensitive hybridization assays. They are based on various spectroscopic methods including resonance light scattering, circular dichroism, ultraviolet spectra and fluorescence spectra, as well as atomic force microscopy, and relies on the interaction of the Cu(II), Ni(II), Mg(II), Co(II), Cd(II), and Zn(II) complexes, respectively, of tetraphenylporphyrin (TPP) with double-strand DNA (dsDNA) and single strand DNA (ssDNA). The interaction results in amplified resonance light scattering (RLS) signals and enables the detection of hybridization without the need for labeling DNA. The RLS signals are strongest in case of the Cu (II)-TPP complex which therefore was selected as the probe. The technique is simple, robust, accurate, and can be completed in less than one hour. (author)

  18. Separation of some metal ions using coupled transport supported liquid membranes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chaudhary, M.A.

    1993-01-01

    Liquid membrane extraction processes has become very popular due to their superiority in many ways over other separation techniques. In coupled transport membranes the metal ions can be transported across the membrane against their concentration gradient under the influence of chemical potential difference. Liquid membranes consisting of a carrier-cum-diluent, supported in microporous polymeric hydrophobic films have been studied for transport of metal ions like U(VI), Cr(VI), Be(II), V(V), Ti(IV), Zn(II), Cd(II), Hf(IV), W(VI), and Co(II). The present paper presents basic data with respect to flux and permeabilities of these metal ions across membranes based on experimental results and theoretical equations, using different carriers and diluents and provides a brief reference to possibility of such membranes for large scale applications. (author)

  19. Cloud point extraction for the determination of heavy metals by nonionic surfactant Triton X-100 and PAN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cabrera Puig, I.; Perez Gramatges, A.

    2006-01-01

    A novel methodology for extraction and preconcentration of trace metals based on cloud point phenomenon was applied to the analysis of Co(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), Pb(II) y Ni(II) in a certified reference material (CRM), using Triton X-100 as nonionic surfactant, and AAS for the determination. Different parameters that can influence the extraction efficiency were studied, such as pH and ionic strength of the solution. The precision, accuracy and detection limits of the method were determined using a CRM from the Environmental Analysis Laboratory of InSTEC. We applied our methodology to the detection of the metals in naturals waters (Almendares river and tap water) . The data obtained presented in this work is part of the validation file of the proposed analytical procedure for the determination of heavy metals

  20. Functionalisation of mesoporous silica gel with 2-[(phosphonomethyl)-amino]acetic acid functional groups. Characterisation and application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldarola, Dario; Mitev, Dimitar P.; Marlin, Lucile; Nesterenko, Ekaterina P.; Paull, Brett; Onida, Barbara; Bruzzoniti, Maria Concetta; Carlo, Rosa Maria De; Sarzanini, Corrado; Nesterenko, Pavel N.

    2014-01-01

    A new complexing adsorbent was prepared by chemical modification of mesoporous silica Kieselgel 60 (dp = 37-63 μm, average pore size 6 nm, specific surface area 425 m2 g-1) with 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane and 2-[(phosphonomethyl)amino]acetic acid (PMA), commonly known as glyphosate. The prepared adsorbent was fully characterised using elemental analysis, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), acid-base potentiometric titration, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), nitrogen adsorption isotherms at 77 K (BET), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The concentration of bonded PMA groups calculated from the nitrogen content was 0.38 mmol per gram. The adsorption of transition metal ions on PMA functionalised silica (HEPMAS) was studied from aqueous solutions having different pH and the following selectivity was established, Zn(II) < Co(II) < Cd(II) < Mn(II) < Ni(II) < Cu(II). The calculated values of distribution coefficients D for the adsorption of ecotoxic metal ions on HEPMAS are 5.0 × 104, 4.9 × 105 and 2.6 × 104 for Zn(II), Pb(II) and Cd(II), respectively.