WorldWideScience

Sample records for ccd astrograph catalog

  1. The Fourth US Naval Observatory CCD Astrograph Catalog (UCAC4)

    CERN Document Server

    Zacharias, Norbert; Girard, Terry; Henden, Arne; Bartlett, Jennifer; Monet, Dave; Zacharias, Marion

    2012-01-01

    The fourth United States Naval Observatory (USNO) CCD Astrograph Catalog, UCAC4 was released in August 2012 (double-sided DVD and CDS data center Vizier catalog I/322). It is the final release in this series and contains over 113 million objects; over 105 million of them with proper motions. UCAC4 is an updated version of UCAC3 with about the same number of stars also covering all-sky. Bugs were fixed, Schmidt plate survey data were avoided, and precise 5-band photometry were added. Astrograph observations have been supplemented for bright stars by FK6, Hipparcos and Tycho-2 data to compile a UCAC4 star catalog complete to about magnitude R = 16. Epoch 1998 to 2004 positions are obtained from observations with the 20 cm aperture USNO Astrograph's red lens, equipped with a 4k by 4k CCD. Mean positions and proper motions are derived by combining these observations with over 140 ground- and space-based catalogs, including Hipparcos/Tycho and the AC2000.2, as well as unpublished measures of over 5000 plates from ...

  2. Astrometric CCD observations of the third and the fourth moons of Uranus with the normal astrograph at the Pulkovo observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dement'eva, A. A.

    2015-09-01

    The results of astrometric CCD observations of two major moons of Uranus (Oberon and Titania) with the Normal Astrograph ( D/F = 0.33 m/3.5 m; CCD S2C with a FOV of 18' × 16') at the Pulkovo Observatory are presented. The observations were conducted in 2008-2011. The CCD image reduction is based on the Turner method with a reference to the UCAC3 catalogue system. The (O-C) values are calculated with the use of the MULTI-SAT server for the ephemerides of planetary moons. The obtained equatorial coordinates are compared to two modern theories of planetary motion: INPOP10 + Lainey (2008) and DE421/LE421 + Lainey (2008). The observations agree well with both theories.

  3. Astrographic Positions of Minor Planets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naskrecki, W.; Swierkowska, S.

    The paper presents the photographic position of minor planets taken in the years 1986/1987 at the Astronomical Observatory of A. Mickiewicz University, Poznan, with an astrograph of the F=1500 mm, d=300 mm.

  4. The central region of the Fornax cluster; 2, A catalog and photometric properties of galaxies in selected CCD fields

    CERN Document Server

    Hilker, M; Richtler, T; Infante, L; Quintana, H

    1998-01-01

    We present a photometric catalog (based on V and I photometry) of galaxies in the central regions of the Fornax galaxy cluster. Our 11 CCD fields cover 0.17 degrees in total. The limiting surface brightness is around 24 mag arsec^-2, similar to that of Ferguson's (1989, AJ 98, 367) catalog, whereas our limiting total magnitude is around V = 22 mag, about two magnitudes fainter. It is the surface brightness limit, however, that prevents us from detecting the counterparts of the faintest Local Group dwarf spheroidals. The photometric properties of all objects are presented as a catalog. The properties and fit parameters of the surface brightness profiles for a sub-sample are presented as a second catalog (both catalogs are available in electronic form at the CDS). We can only add 4 new dwarf galaxies to Ferguson's catalog. However, we confirm that the dwarf galaxies in Fornax follow a similar surface brightness-magnitude relation as the Local Group dwarfs. They also follow the color (metallicity) - relation see...

  5. VizieR Online Data Catalog: NGC 6811 CCD UBVRI photometry (Yontan+, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yontan, T.; Bilir, S.; Bostanc, Z. F.; Ak, T.; Karaali, S.; Guver, T.; Ak, S.; Duran, S.; Paunzen, E.

    2015-09-01

    CCD UBVRI observations of NGC 6811 were carried out on 18th July 2012 using the 1m Ritchey-Chretien telescope (T100) located at the TUBITAK National Observatory (TUG) in Bakirlitepe, Antalya/Turkey. (1 data file).

  6. Application of flight data to Space Shuttle CCD star tracker catalog design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Karen; Hindman, Mark; Yates, Russell

    1993-01-01

    The new Shuttle Solid-State Tracker (SSST) is an improved but transparent replacement for the analog version which has flown on every Shuttle mission. This paper will examine the data collected from four Shuttle flights to establish parameters for selection of acceptable navigation stars, and apply those parameters to establish a star catalog which will be sufficient to ensure the ability of the SSST to perform attitude updates while docked to the Space Station.

  7. Optical Design of Astrograph for 'Interplanetary Solar Stereoscopic Observatory'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the project of the 'Interplanetary Solar Stereoscopic Observatory' (ISSO) the astrograph with the high resolution is one of the basic tools. Optical requirements to the tool are discussed. Creation the astrograph as the three-mirror system is offered. Design variants of the scheme with all third-order aberrations correction are presented. Obscuration is considered in the obtained variants

  8. Cataloging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Time management is one of the biggest problems which we face in our industry today. At every turn we are faced with the need to become more effective and efficient in the things which we do. The largest single factor precluding good time management for Engineers and Geoscientists today is data management. The truth is we simply spend too much time, and money searching for, collecting and pre-processing data before we can even begin the analysis phase of our work. Recent studies indicate as much as 80% of our Engineers and Geoscientists' time can be spent in these efforts. This paper reports that correct data management practices can be a tremendous help by doing the following things: Making a complete catalog or index of all data available to all users. Providing data management support staff to perform appropriate functions at much lower salary rates than those of technical professionals. Minimizing cost and access time through standard procedures

  9. Proper motions and CCD photometry of stars in the region of the open cluster NGC 6866

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frolov, V. N.; Ananjevskaja, Yu. K.; Gorshanov, D. L.; Polyakov, E. V.

    2010-05-01

    We present the results of our comprehensive study of the Galactic open star cluster NGC 6866. The positions of stars in the investigated region have been obtained with the “Fantasy” automatic measuring machine from 10 plates of the normal astrograph at the Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory. The size of the investigated field is 40' × 40', the limiting magnitude is B ˜ 16{·/ m }6, and the maximum epoch difference is 79 yr. For 1202 field stars, we have determined the relative proper motions with an rms error of 2.5 mas yr-1. Out of them, 423 stars may be considered cluster members with a probability P > 70% according to the astrometric criterion. Photometric diagrams have been used as an additional criterion. We have performed two-color BV CCD photometry of stars with the Pulkovo ZA-320M mirror astrograph. The U magnitudes from the literature have also been used to construct the two-color diagrams. A total of 267 stars have turned out to be members of NGC 6866 according to the two criteria. We present refined physical parameters of the cluster and its age estimate (5.6 × 108 yr). The cluster membership of red and blue giants, variable, double, and multiple stars is considered. We have found an almost complete coincidence of the positions of one of the stars in the region (a cluster nonmember) and a soft X-ray source in the ROSAT catalog. The “Fantasy” automatic measuring machine is described in the Appendix.

  10. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Galilean satellites & Jupiter positions (Narizhnaya, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narizhnaya, N. V.

    2016-03-01

    All observations were carried out with the Normal Astrograph (D/F=330mm/ 3467mm) at Pulkovo (code is 084). A S2C CCD camera was used as a detector (with a field of view of 18'x16' and a scale of 0.952"/pixel). The CCD_frames with object image were obtained by series including 5, 10, 50, 100 images, depending on exposures of 60, 30, 10 and 5 s, respectively. The IZMCCD software package developed by Izmailov I.S. (2005, http://iznccd.puldb.ru/ izmccdrus) was used in processing the CCD images. Astrometric reduction algorithm is based on Turner's method with using UCAC4 catalog as reference one. Ephemerides for comparison are given by web-server "Natural Satellites Ephemeride Server MULTI-SAT" developed by N.V. Emelyanov (http://lnfm1.sai.msu.ru/neb/nss/nssephmr.htm). Two catalogue are presented: 140 normal positions of Galilean satellites and 42 Jupiter positions. (2 data files).

  11. CCD Camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Roger R.

    1983-01-01

    A CCD camera capable of observing a moving object which has varying intensities of radiation eminating therefrom and which may move at varying speeds is shown wherein there is substantially no overlapping of successive images and wherein the exposure times and scan times may be varied independently of each other.

  12. CCD sensors.

    OpenAIRE

    O. S. Neuimin; S. M. Dyachenko

    2010-01-01

    The principle of action, the basic parameters, the application CCD and achievements of the leading companies in their improved performance are considered. Methods of color image acquisition existing today are described. The table of parameters of modern image sensors which are used in modern technics are made.

  13. CCD sensors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. S. Neuimin

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The principle of action, the basic parameters, the application CCD and achievements of the leading companies in their improved performance are considered. Methods of color image acquisition existing today are described. The table of parameters of modern image sensors which are used in modern technics are made.

  14. Intensified CCD Image Sensor①

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUJikun; ZHAOBaoyun

    1997-01-01

    Work has been done with extending the useful imaging and detection rage of CCD.This was accomplished through direct optical coupling and bonding of image intensifiers to the CCD.It has been shown that the useful range of a CCD may be extended two orders of magnitude using these techniques in coupling a microchannel plate image intensifier to the CCD array.All of these works were done with presently available CCD made by China

  15. Reinvent Catalogers!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waite, Ellen J.

    1995-01-01

    Reviews trends in catalog and technical service departments in response to information needs of library patrons, administrations of catalog and technical services departments, and professional standards that no longer meet patron needs. Discusses patron search patterns; the role of catalogers; and results of sharing cataloging records, downsizing,…

  16. CCD Luminescence Camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janesick, James R.; Elliott, Tom

    1987-01-01

    New diagnostic tool used to understand performance and failures of microelectronic devices. Microscope integrated to low-noise charge-coupled-device (CCD) camera to produce new instrument for analyzing performance and failures of microelectronics devices that emit infrared light during operation. CCD camera also used to indentify very clearly parts that have failed where luminescence typically found.

  17. Advanced CCD camera developments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Condor, A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1994-11-15

    Two charge coupled device (CCD) camera systems are introduced and discussed, describing briefly the hardware involved, and the data obtained in their various applications. The Advanced Development Group Defense Sciences Engineering Division has been actively designing, manufacturing, fielding state-of-the-art CCD camera systems for over a decade. These systems were originally developed for the nuclear test program to record data from underground nuclear tests. Today, new and interesting application for these systems have surfaced and development is continuing in the area of advanced CCD camera systems, with the new CCD camera that will allow experimenters to replace film for x-ray imaging at the JANUS, USP, and NOVA laser facilities.

  18. VizieR Online Data Catalog: BVRI photometry of nova V445 Pup (Goranskij+, 2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goranskij, V. P.; Shugarov, S. Yu.; Zharova, A. V.; Kroll, P.; Barsukova, E. A.

    2012-05-01

    In the Moscow SAI plate collection, we found 51 plates with images of V445 Pup taken with the SAI Crimean Station 40-cm f/4 astrograph and dated between 15 November 1969 and 4 November 1989. We found 56 measurable images of V445 Pup on the plates of the Sonneberg Observatory collection dated between 19 March 1984 and 17 January 1991. Additionally, we measured all the Internet-accessible Digital Sky Survey images of V445 Pup in B,R, and I bands and used 2MASS JHK magnitudes to study the spectral energy distribution of the progenitor. We performed our observations of the V445 Pup remnant between 31 March 2003 and 20 October 2009. These observations were acquired in the Special Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), with the 1-m Zeiss reflector and CCD UBVRcIc photometer equipped with an EEV 42-40 CCD chip. (4 data files).

  19. Collections Define Cataloging's Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Betsy

    2007-01-01

    The role of catalogers within academic libraries is evolving to meet new demands and cultivating a broader understanding of cataloging--one that focuses on collections, not the catalog, and applies cataloger expertise across metadata activities. Working collaboratively as never before, catalogers are reinventing their place within the library.

  20. Service catalog and catalog management tools

    OpenAIRE

    Jeran, Matic

    2011-01-01

    In my thesis I described what service catalog is and demonstrated the implementation of it. I focused on the service catalog as presented in ITIL. There are presented aspects of a service catalog within the process of service management as well as organizational, strategic and procedural aspects of a service catalog within the company. With the introduction of service-oriented architecture in the company, the number of services that companies offer substantially increase. In the introducti...

  1. Testing fully depleted CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casas, Ricard; Cardiel-Sas, Laia; Castander, Francisco J.; Jiménez, Jorge; de Vicente, Juan

    2014-08-01

    The focal plane of the PAU camera is composed of eighteen 2K x 4K CCDs. These devices, plus four spares, were provided by the Japanese company Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. with type no. S10892-04(X). These detectors are 200 μm thick fully depleted and back illuminated with an n-type silicon base. They have been built with a specific coating to be sensitive in the range from 300 to 1,100 nm. Their square pixel size is 15 μm. The read-out system consists of a Monsoon controller (NOAO) and the panVIEW software package. The deafualt CCD read-out speed is 133 kpixel/s. This is the value used in the calibration process. Before installing these devices in the camera focal plane, they were characterized using the facilities of the ICE (CSIC- IEEC) and IFAE in the UAB Campus in Bellaterra (Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain). The basic tests performed for all CCDs were to obtain the photon transfer curve (PTC), the charge transfer efficiency (CTE) using X-rays and the EPER method, linearity, read-out noise, dark current, persistence, cosmetics and quantum efficiency. The X-rays images were also used for the analysis of the charge diffusion for different substrate voltages (VSUB). Regarding the cosmetics, and in addition to white and dark pixels, some patterns were also found. The first one, which appears in all devices, is the presence of half circles in the external edges. The origin of this pattern can be related to the assembly process. A second one appears in the dark images, and shows bright arcs connecting corners along the vertical axis of the CCD. This feature appears in all CCDs exactly in the same position so our guess is that the pattern is due to electrical fields. Finally, and just in two devices, there is a spot with wavelength dependence whose origin could be the result of a defectous coating process.

  2. Single-spin CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baart, T. A.; Shafiei, M.; Fujita, T.; Reichl, C.; Wegscheider, W.; Vandersypen, L. M. K.

    2016-04-01

    Spin-based electronics or spintronics relies on the ability to store, transport and manipulate electron spin polarization with great precision. In its ultimate limit, information is stored in the spin state of a single electron, at which point quantum information processing also becomes a possibility. Here, we demonstrate the manipulation, transport and readout of individual electron spins in a linear array of three semiconductor quantum dots. First, we demonstrate single-shot readout of three spins with fidelities of 97% on average, using an approach analogous to the operation of a charge-coupled device (CCD). Next, we perform site-selective control of the three spins, thereby writing the content of each pixel of this ‘single-spin charge-coupled device’. Finally, we show that shuttling an electron back and forth in the array hundreds of times, covering a cumulative distance of 80 μm, has negligible influence on its spin projection. Extrapolating these results to the case of much larger arrays points at a diverse range of potential applications, from quantum information to imaging and sensing.

  3. Cataloging in Publication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clapp, Verner W.

    1973-01-01

    The cataloging in source experiment of the United States Library of Congress ended in 1959. Studies on the feasibility of another pre-publication cataloging program were undertaken and a new cataloging in publication program was started in 1971. Other programs for pre-publication cataloging in Brazil and Russia are described. (21 references)…

  4. The NLM current catalog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, E V

    1969-01-01

    When the National Library of Medicine acquired a computer to augment its publication program, the intent was to present in one medium an index to journal articles and a catalog of books and new serial titles. The computer programs designed for indexing were unsatisfactory for cataloging, however; so two publications were issued, the Index Medicus and the NLM Current Catalog. The Current Catalog features separate name and subject sections, added volumes, and technical reports. The Express Cataloging Service was one of the first attempts to increase the speed and coverage of the Catalog. Shared cataloging with the Library of Congress, the Countway Library at Harvard, and the Upstate Medical Library in Syracuse, New York, have also contributed to the efforts toward improving this library service. An additional shared cataloging program, this time with the National Medical Audiovisual Center, is expected to be implemented shortly. PMID:5782262

  5. CCD characterization and measurements automation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kotov, I.V.; Frank, J.; Kotov, A.I.; Kubánek, Petr; O´Connor, P.; Prouza, Michael; Radeka, V.; Takacs, P.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 695, Dec (2012), 188-192. ISSN 0168-9002 R&D Projects: GA MŠk ME09052 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100502 Keywords : CCD * characterization * test automation Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 1.142, year: 2012

  6. Wide Dynamic Range CCD Camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Younse, J. M.; Gove, R. J.; Penz, P. A.; Russell, D. E.

    1984-11-01

    A liquid crystal attenuator (LCA) operated as a variable neutral density filter has been attached to a charge-coupled device (CCD) imager to extend the dynamic range of a solid-state TV camera by an order of magnitude. Many applications are best served by a camera with a dynamic range of several thousand. For example, outside security systems must operate unattended with "dawn-to-dusk" lighting conditions. Although this can be achieved with available auto-iris lens assemblies, more elegant solutions which provide the small size, low power, high reliability advantages of solid state technology are now available. This paper will describe one such unique way of achieving these dynamic ranges using standard optics by making the CCD imager's glass cover a controllable neutral density filter. The liquid crystal attenuator's structure and theoretical properties for this application will be described along with measured transmittance. A small integrated TV camera which utilizes a "virtual-phase" CCD sensor coupled to a LCA will be described and test results for a number of the camera's optical and electrical parameters will be given. These include the following camera parameters: dynamic range, Modulation Transfer Function (MTF), spectral response, and uniformity. Also described will be circuitry which senses the ambient scene illuminance and automatically provides feedback signals to appropriately adjust the transmittance of the LCA. Finally, image photographs using this camera, under various scene illuminations, will be shown.

  7. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey quasar catalog: tenth data release

    CERN Document Server

    Pâris, Isabelle; Aubourg, Éric; Ross, Nicholas P; Myers, Adam D; Streblyanska, Alina; Bailey, Stephen; Hall, Patrick B; Strauss, Michael A; Anderson, Scott F; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Borde, Arnaud; Brinkmann, Jon; Bovy, Jo; Brandt, William N; Brewington, Howard; Brownstein, Joel R; Cook, Benjamin A; Ebelke, Garrett; Fan, Xiaohui; Ak, Nurten Filiz; Finley, Hayley; Font-Ribera, Andreu; Ge, Jian; Hamann, Fred; Ho, Shirley; Jiang, Linhua; Kinemuchi, Karen; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Marchante, Moses; McGreer, Ian D; McMahon, Richard G; Miralda-Escudé, Jordi; Muna, Demitri; Noterdaeme, Pasquier; Oravetz, Daniel; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie; Pan, Kaike; Perez-Fournon, Ismaël; Pieri, Matthew; Riffel, Rogério; Schlegel, David J; Schneider, Donald P; Simmons, Audrey; Viel, Matteo; Weaver, Benjamin A; Wood-Vasey, W Michael; Yèche, Christophe; York, Donald G

    2013-01-01

    We present the Data Release 10 Quasar (DR10Q) catalog from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III. The catalog includes all BOSS objects that were targeted as quasar candidates during the first 2.5 years of the survey and that are confirmed as quasars via visual inspection of the spectra. The catalog also includes known quasars (mostly from SDSS-I and II) that were reobserved by BOSS. The catalog contains 166,583 quasars (74,454 are new discoveries since SDSS-DR9) detected over 6,373 deg$^{2}$ with robust identification and redshift measured by a combination of principal component eigenspectra. The number of quasars with $z>2.15$ (117,668) is $\\sim$5 times greater than the number of $z>2.15$ quasars known prior to BOSS. Redshifts and FWHMs are provided for the strongest emission lines (CIV, CIII, MgII). The catalog identifies 16,461 broad absorption line quasars and gives their characteristics. For each object, the catalog presents five-band (u, g, r, i, z) CCD-...

  8. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Quasar Catalog: twelfth data release

    CERN Document Server

    Pâris, Isabelle; Ross, Nicholas P; Myers, Adam D; Aubourg, Éric; Streblyanska, Alina; Bailey, Stephen; Armengaud, Éric; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie; Yèche, Christophe; Hamann, Fred; Strauss, Michael A; Albareti, Franco D; Bovy, Jo; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Brandt, W Niel; Brusa, Marcella; Buchner, Johannes; Comparat, Johan; Croft, Rupert A C; Dwelly, Tom; Fan, Xiaohui; Font-Ribera, Andreu; Ge, Jian; Georgakakis, Antonis; Hall, Patrick B; Jian, Linhua; Kinemuchi, Karen; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; McMahon, Richard G; Menzel, Marie-Luise; Merloni, Andrea; Nandra, Kirpal; Noterdaeme, Pasquier; Oravetz, Daniel; Pan, Kaike; Pieri, Matthew M; Prada, Francisco; Salvato, Mara; Schlegel, David J; Schneider, Donald P; Simmons, Audrey; Viel, Matteo; Weinberg, David H; Zhu, Liu

    2016-01-01

    We present the Data Release 12 Quasar catalog (DR12Q) from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) of the SDSS-III. This catalog includes all SDSS-III/BOSS objects that were spectroscopically targeted as quasar candidates during the full survey and that are confirmed as quasars via visual inspection of the spectra, have luminosities Mi[z=2]2.15 is about an order of magnitude greater than the number of z>2.15 quasars known prior to BOSS. Redshifts and FWHMs are provided for the strongest emission lines (CIV, CIII], MgII). The catalog identifies 29,580 broad absorption line quasars and lists their characteristics. For each object, the catalog presents five-band (u, g, r, i, z) CCD-based photometry together with some information on the optical morphology and the selection criteria. When available, the catalog also provides information on the optical variability of quasars using SDSS and PTF multi-epoch photometry. The catalog also contains X-ray, ultraviolet, near-infrared, and radio emission properti...

  9. Federating Metadata Catalogs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baru, C.; Lin, K.

    2009-04-01

    The Geosciences Network project (www.geongrid.org) has been developing cyberinfrastructure for data sharing in the Earth Science community based on a service-oriented architecture. The project defines a standard "software stack", which includes a standardized set of software modules and corresponding service interfaces. The system employs Grid certificates for distributed user authentication. The GEON Portal provides online access to these services via a set of portlets. This service-oriented approach has enabled the GEON network to easily expand to new sites and deploy the same infrastructure in new projects. To facilitate interoperation with other distributed geoinformatics environments, service standards are being defined and implemented for catalog services and federated search across distributed catalogs. The need arises because there may be multiple metadata catalogs in a distributed system, for example, for each institution, agency, geographic region, and/or country. Ideally, a geoinformatics user should be able to search across all such catalogs by making a single search request. In this paper, we describe our implementation for such a search capability across federated metadata catalogs in the GEON service-oriented architecture. The GEON catalog can be searched using spatial, temporal, and other metadata-based search criteria. The search can be invoked as a Web service and, thus, can be imbedded in any software application. The need for federated catalogs in GEON arises because, (i) GEON collaborators at the University of Hyderabad, India have deployed their own catalog, as part of the iGEON-India effort, to register information about local resources for broader access across the network, (ii) GEON collaborators in the GEO Grid (Global Earth Observations Grid) project at AIST, Japan have implemented a catalog for their ASTER data products, and (iii) we have recently deployed a search service to access all data products from the EarthScope project in the US

  10. National Archives Catalog and API

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — The National Archives Catalog is the online catalog of NARA's nationwide holdings in the Washington, DC area, Regional Archives, and Presidential Libraries.

  11. Catalog of Research Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    College Board, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This catalog lists research reports, research notes, and other publications available from the College Board's website. The catalog briefly describes research publications available free of charge. Introduced in 1981, the Research Report series includes studies and reviews in areas such as college admission, special populations, subgroup…

  12. CONTOUR 7 Preview catalog

    OpenAIRE

    Gelder, Hilde Van

    2015-01-01

    This is an online publication on the website of CONTOUR 7, including both the English and the Dutch versions of my catalog essay entitled Lessons from Moria / Lessen uit Moria. The weblink is: http://contour7.be/files/uploads/page/CONTOUR7_PREVIEW_FOOLING_UTOPIA_CATALOG.pdf.

  13. NASA climate data catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reph, M. G.

    1984-01-01

    This document provides a summary of information available in the NASA Climate Data Catalog. The catalog provides scientific users with technical information about selected climate parameter data sets and the associated sensor measurements from which they are derived. It is an integral part of the Pilot Climate Data System (PCDS), an interactive, scientific management system for locating, obtaining, manipulating, and displaying climate research data. The catalog is maintained in a machine readable representation which can easily be accessed via the PCDS. The purposes, format and content of the catalog are discussed. Summarized information is provided about each of the data sets currently described in the catalog. Sample detailed descriptions are included for individual data sets or families of related data sets.

  14. CCD Imaging of KIC 8462852

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lahey, Adam

    2016-06-01

    A particularly interesting star, KIC 8562852, recently became famous for its enigmatic dips in brightness. The interpretation broadcast by many popular media outlets was that the dips were caused by a megastructure built around the star by an intelligent civilization. The best scientific hypothesis relies on a natural phenomenon: the break-up of a comet orbiting the star. To further address this problem, we have measured the star for four months using BGSU’s 0.5m telescope and digital CCD camera, and we present the star’s brightness as a function of time. Using three very clear nights, we refined the brightness of four comparison stars which can be used by the local astronomical community to monitor the star’s brightness. These newly refined magnitudes should reduce the uncertainties in our brightness measurements; this error analysis is essential in determining the significance of any brightness deviations. An observed dip in brightness would confirm the comet hypothesis by establishing a cyclical pattern, or may serve as a basis for new understanding of variable stars. An additional element to the project involves creating CCD calibration images and a well-documented procedure for future use.

  15. CCD characterization and measurements automation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Modern mosaic cameras have grown both in size and in number of sensors. The required volume of sensor testing and characterization has grown accordingly. For camera projects as large as the LSST, test automation becomes a necessity. A CCD testing and characterization laboratory was built and is in operation for the LSST project. Characterization of LSST study contract sensors has been performed. The characterization process and its automation are discussed, and results are presented. Our system automatically acquires images, populates a database with metadata information, and runs express analysis. This approach is illustrated on 55Fe data analysis. 55Fe data are used to measure gain, charge transfer efficiency and charge diffusion. Examples of express analysis results are presented and discussed.

  16. CCD flux measurement system Prohermes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kroger-Vodde, A. [University of Almeria, Plataforma Solar de Almeria (Spain); Hollander, A. [German Aerospace Center, Plataforma de Almeria, Head of Engineering (Spain)

    1999-03-01

    At the Plataforma Solar de Almeria (PSA) a new, PC based, 14 bit CCD video flux measurement system, called PROHERMES, has been introduced to improve the precision of data acquisition and includes with Optimas a flexible, more user friendly, easy adaptable software environment. The hardware and software is described. Macros have been created to meet the special requirements of the tasks at the PSA. As an example for a macro, the program flow structure is given for the acquisition of the moving-bar sequence to measure the performance of receivers like in the REFOS project. The results are exported to Excel. The comparison with the former measurement system HERMES II concludes the new system as an important progress. Future efforts will focus on the further automation of flux measurements and heliostat controls. (authors)

  17. Status Of Sofradir IR-CCD Detectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tribolet, Philippe; Radisson, Patrick

    1988-05-01

    The topics of this paper deal with the IR-CCD detectors manufactured by SOFRADIR the new French joint venture. Description of the IRCCD technology and the advantages of this approach are given. In conclusion, some IR-CCD typical results are given.

  18. Robotic CCD microscope for enhanced crystal recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segelke, Brent W.; Toppani, Dominique

    2007-11-06

    A robotic CCD microscope and procedures to automate crystal recognition. The robotic CCD microscope and procedures enables more accurate crystal recognition, leading to fewer false negative and fewer false positives, and enable detection of smaller crystals compared to other methods available today.

  19. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey quasar catalog: ninth data release

    CERN Document Server

    Pâris, Isabelle; Aubourg, Eric; Bailey, Stephen; Ross, Nicholas P; Myers, Adam D; Strauss, Michael A; Anderson, Scott F; Arnau, Eduard; Bautista, Julian; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Bolton, Adam S; Bovy, Jo; Brandt, William N; Brewington, Howard; Brownstein, Joel R; Busca, Nicolas; Capellupo, Daniel; Carithers, William; Croft, Rupert A C; Dawson, Kyle; Delubac, Timothée; Ebelke, Garrett; Eisenstein, Daniel J; Engelke, Philip; Fan, Xiaohui; Ak, Nur Filiz; Finley, Hayley; Font-Ribera, Andreu; Ge, Jian; Gibson, Robert R; Hall, Patrick B; Hamann, Fred; Hennawi, Joseph F; Ho, Shirley; Hogg, David W; Ivezic, Zeljko; Jiang, Linhua; Kimball, Amy E; Kirkby, David; Kirkpatrick, Jessica A; Lee, Khee-Gan; Goff, Jean-Marc Le; Lundgren, Britt; MacLeod, Chelsea L; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Maraston, Claudia; McGreer, Ian D; McMahon, Richard G; Miralda-Escudé, Jordi; Muna, Demitri; Noterdaeme, Pasquier; Oravetz, Daniel; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie; Pan, Kaike; Perez-Fournon, Ismaël; Pieri, Matthew M; Richards, Gordon T; Rollinde, Emmanuel; Sheldon, Erin S; Schlegel, David J; Schneider, Donald P; Slosar, Anze; Shelden, Alaina; Shen, Yue; Simmons, Audrey; Snedden, Stephanie; Suzuki, Nao; Tinker, Jeremy; Viel, Matteo; Weaver, Benjamin A; Weinberg, David H; White, Martin; Wood-Vasey, W Michael; Yèche, Christophe

    2012-01-01

    We present the Data Release 9 Quasar (DR9Q) catalog from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III. The catalog includes all BOSS objects that were targeted as quasar candidates during the survey, are spectrocopically confirmed as quasars via visual inspection, have luminosities Mi[z=2]2.15$ (61,931) is ~2.8 times larger than the number of z>2.15 quasars previously known. Redshifts and FWHMs are provided for the strongest emission lines (CIV, CIII], MgII). The catalog identifies 7,533 broad absorption line quasars and gives their characteristics. For each object the catalog presents five-band (u,g,r,i,z) CCD-based photometry with typical accuracy of 0.03 mag, and information on the morphology and selection method. The catalog also contains X-ray, ultraviolet, near-infrared, and radio emission properties of the quasars, when available, from other large-area surveys.

  20. Stardust Sample Catalog

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This Catalog summarizes the samples examined in the course of the Preliminary Examination (PE) Team (PET) of the Stardust Mission to comet Wild 2, and the results...

  1. Lunar Map Catalog

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Lunar Map Catalog includes various maps of the moon's surface, including Apollo landing sites; earthside, farside, and polar charts; photography index maps;...

  2. Building OLAP Catalog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela MUNTEAN

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The Oracle OLAP option of Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition provides advanced analytic features to help us to summarize, analyze and calculate data faster than standard SQL. In this article I discussed about the CWM2, a set of PL/SQL packages which are using to create the OLAP Catalog metadata for an analytic workspace. BI Beans applications query OLAP Catalog metadata.

  3. Linear CCD attitude measurement system based on the identification of the auxiliary array CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yinghui; Yuan, Feng; Li, Kai; Wang, Yan

    2015-10-01

    Object to the high precision flying target attitude measurement issues of a large space and large field of view, comparing existing measurement methods, the idea is proposed of using two array CCD to assist in identifying the three linear CCD with multi-cooperative target attitude measurement system, and to address the existing nonlinear system errors and calibration parameters and more problems with nine linear CCD spectroscopic test system of too complicated constraints among camera position caused by excessive. The mathematical model of binocular vision and three linear CCD test system are established, co-spot composition triangle utilize three red LED position light, three points' coordinates are given in advance by Cooperate Measuring Machine, the red LED in the composition of the three sides of a triangle adds three blue LED light points as an auxiliary, so that array CCD is easier to identify three red LED light points, and linear CCD camera is installed of a red filter to filter out the blue LED light points while reducing stray light. Using array CCD to measure the spot, identifying and calculating the spatial coordinates solutions of red LED light points, while utilizing linear CCD to measure three red LED spot for solving linear CCD test system, which can be drawn from 27 solution. Measured with array CCD coordinates auxiliary linear CCD has achieved spot identification, and has solved the difficult problems of multi-objective linear CCD identification. Unique combination of linear CCD imaging features, linear CCD special cylindrical lens system is developed using telecentric optical design, the energy center of the spot position in the depth range of convergence in the direction is perpendicular to the optical axis of the small changes ensuring highprecision image quality, and the entire test system improves spatial object attitude measurement speed and precision.

  4. Cryostat and CCD for MEGARA at GTC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillo-Domínguez, E.; Ferrusca, D.; Tulloch, S.; Velázquez, M.; Carrasco, E.; Gallego, J.; Gil de Paz, A.; Sánchez, F. M.; Vílchez Medina, J. M.

    2012-09-01

    MEGARA (Multi-Espectrógrafo en GTC de Alta Resolución para Astronomía) is the new integral field unit (IFU) and multi-object spectrograph (MOS) instrument for the GTC. The spectrograph subsystems include the pseudo-slit, the shutter, the collimator with a focusing mechanism, pupil elements on a volume phase holographic grating (VPH) wheel and the camera joined to the cryostat through the last lens, with a CCD detector inside. In this paper we describe the full preliminary design of the cryostat which will harbor the CCD detector for the spectrograph. The selected cryogenic device is an LN2 open-cycle cryostat which has been designed by the "Astronomical Instrumentation Lab for Millimeter Wavelengths" at INAOE. A complete description of the cryostat main body and CCD head is presented as well as all the vacuum and temperature sub-systems to operate it. The CCD is surrounded by a radiation shield to improve its performance and is placed in a custom made mechanical mounting which will allow physical adjustments for alignment with the spectrograph camera. The 4k x 4k pixel CCD231 is our selection for the cryogenically cooled detector of MEGARA. The characteristics of this CCD, the internal cryostat cabling and CCD controller hardware are discussed. Finally, static structural finite element modeling and thermal analysis results are shown to validate the cryostat model.

  5. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Quasar Catalog. 4. Fifth Data Release

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, Donald P.; Hall, Patrick B.; Richards, Gordon T.; Strauss, Michael A.; Vanden Berk, Daniel E.; Anderson, Scott F.; Brandt, W.N.; Fan, Xiao-Hui; Jester,; Gray, Jim; Gunn, James E.; /Penn State U., Astron. Astrophys. /York U., Canada /Johns Hopkins U. /Princeton U. Observ. /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept. /Arizona

    2007-04-01

    We present the fourth edition of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Quasar Catalog. The catalog contains 77,429 objects; this is an increase of over 30,000 entries since the previous edition. The catalog consists of the objects in the SDSS Fifth Data Release that have luminosities larger than M{sub i} = -22.0 (in a cosmology with H{sub 0} = 70 km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1}, {Omega}{sub M} = 0.3, and {Omega}{sub {Lambda}} = 0.7), have at least one emission line with FWHM larger than 1000 km s{sup -1} or have interesting/complex absorption features, are fainter than i {approx} 15.0, and have highly reliable redshifts. The area covered by the catalog is {approx} 5740 deg{sup 2}. The quasar redshifts range from 0.08 to 5.41, with a median value of 1.48; the catalog includes 891 quasars at redshifts greater than four, of which 36 are at redshifts greater than five. Approximately half of the catalog quasars have i < 19; nearly all have i < 21. For each object the catalog presents positions accurate to better than 0.2-minutes rms per coordinate, five-band (ugriz) CCD-based photometry with typical accuracy of 0.03 mag, and information on the morphology and selection method. The catalog also contains basic radio, near-infrared, and X-ray emission properties of the quasars, when available, from other large-area surveys. The calibrated digital spectra cover the wavelength region 3800-9200 {angstrom} at a spectral resolution of {approx_equal} 2000; the spectra can be retrieved from the public database using the information provided in the catalog. The average SDSS colors of quasars as a function of redshift, derived from the catalog entries, are presented in tabular form. Approximately 96% of the objects in the catalog were discovered by the SDSS.

  6. URAT Parallax Catalog (UPC)

    CERN Document Server

    Finch, Charlie

    2016-01-01

    The URAT Parallax Catalog (UPC) consists of 112,177 parallaxes. The catalog utilizes all Northern Hemisphere exposures from the United States Naval Observatory (USNO) Robotic Astrometric Telescope (URAT) obtained between April 2012 and June 2015. Relative parallaxes are converted to absolute using photometric distance estimates of UCAC4 reference stars. There are 2 groups of stars in this catalog: 1) 58,677 stars with prior published trigonometric parallax (Hipparcos, Yale Parallax Catalog, MEarth project and SIMBAD), and 2) 53,500 stars with first time trigonometric parallaxes as obtained from URAT data. More stringent selection criteria have been applied for group 2 then for group 1 in order to keep the rate of false detections low. The mean error in UPC parallaxes is 10.8 and 4.3 mas for groups 1 and 2, respectively. All stars in UPC are north of -13 deg Dec and between 6.5 and 17 mag. The UPC is published by CDS as catalog I/333 and the acronym has been registered with the IAU. The Finch & Zacharias (...

  7. New trends in developments of CCD arrays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timofeev, V. O.

    2005-06-01

    Currently the number of foreign companies manufacturing the charge-coupled devices (CCD) comes to many tens, and manufacture of CCDs for different applications exceeds 10 million pieces per year. With the purpose to provide competition ability of our CCDs our enterprise has concentrated efforts on the manufacture of customized CCDs designed either for military or civilian applications. The main trends in the CCD developments are presented.

  8. FRBRization of a catalog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Passini Moreno

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The FRBR model (Functional Requirements it Bibliographic Records (IFLA, 1998 is changing the way we work with the library catalog. One of the main contributions of this model is the representation of the bibliographic information through relationships between conceptual entities. In this case study we report the experience of converting 83,257 catalog records of the Network Virtual Library - National Congress (RVBI, encoded in the MARC (MAchine Readable Cataloging to a format that organizes the bibliographic information using the FRBR concepts. As a result, information is presented more concisely literature and consequently generates time savings for the user at the time of the query. Moreover, results obtained were not initially expected, for example, identifying inconsistencies in MARC records. The tool "FRBR Display Tool", developed by the U.S. Library of Congress, was instrumental in the experiment reported here.

  9. Radiation effects on CCD image sensors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the past decade, the micro process technology has advanced and some elaborate semiconductor devices with many microscopic elements in a cell of about 10 μm x 10 μm can be successfully used as radiation detectors and related parts in the field of nuclear physics and engineering. A CCD image sensor, for example, effectively measures details of particle-beam profiles in accelerator applications. This paper describes radiation effects on CCD image sensors. Some CCD samples were irradiated with 60Co gamma-rays and DD and DT neutrons for the examination of the reliability of CCDs used in radiation environments. This paper shows experimental data on radiation effects on CCDs and then discusses the difference in the radiation effects between gamma-rays and neutrons. The following two radiation effects on CCDs are described. One is the transient effect, which is induced by the ionisation process of radiations and is not permanent but recoverable. A CCD responds to radiations as well as light and outputs pseudo signals induced by radiation reactions in the normal video signals during irradiation. The other is the permanent effect, which is caused by the generation of the defects. A CCD image sensor is easily influenced by the trapped holes produced by ionisation in the gate oxide. The defects cause the generation of the leakage current within the depletion region, the trapping of signal charge within the channel of the charge shift register, and the flat band voltage shift which affects the CCD operating bias. (author)

  10. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Quasar Catalog IV. Fifth Data Release

    CERN Document Server

    Schneider, Donald P; Richards, Gordon T; Strauss, Michael A; Berk, Daniel E Vanden; Anderson, Scott F; Brandt, W N; Fan, Xiaohui; Jester, Sebastian; Gray, Jim; Gunn, James E; SubbaRao, Mark U; Thakar, Anirudda R; Stoughton, Chris; Szalay, Alexander S; Yanny, Brian; York, Donald G; Bahcall, Neta A; Barentine, J; Blanton, Michael R; Brewington, Howard; Brinkmann, J; Brunner, Robert J; Castander, Francisco J; Csabai, Istvan; Frieman, Joshua A; Fukugita, Masataka; Harvanek, Michael; Hogg, David W; Ivezic, Zeljko; Kent, Stephen M; Kleinman, S J; Knapp, G R; Kron, Richard G; Krzesinski, Jurek; Long, Daniel C; Lupton, Robert H; Nitta, Atsuko; Pier, Jeffrey R; Saxe, David H; Shen, Yue; Snedden, Stephanie A; Weinberg, David H; Wu, Jian

    2007-01-01

    We present the fourth edition of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Quasar Catalog. The catalog contains 77,429 objects; this is an increase of over 30,000 entries since the previous edition. The catalog consists of the objects in the SDSS Fifth Data Release that have luminosities larger than M_i = -22.0 (in a cosmology with H_0 = 70 km/s/Mpc, Omega_M = 0.3, and Omega_Lambda = 0.7) have at least one emission line with FWHM larger than 1000 km/s, or have interesting/complex absorption features, are fainter than i=15.0, and have highly reliable redshifts. The area covered by the catalog is 5740 sq. deg. The quasar redshifts range from 0.08 to 5.41, with a median value of 1.48; the catalog includes 891 quasars at redshifts greater than four, of which 36 are at redshifts greater than five. Approximately half of the catalog quasars have i < 19; nearly all have i < 21. For each object the catalog presents positions accurate to better than 0.2 arcsec. rms per coordinate, five-band (ugriz) CCD-based photometry...

  11. Book Catalog Use Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sacco, Concetta N.

    1973-01-01

    Technological developments of the past twenty years have resulted in renewed interest in book-form catalogs. Users were surveyed at two libraries to determine that their satisfaction with bibliographical data, entry points, and physical form. (17 references) (Author/DH)

  12. Cataloging Pirated Chinese Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Sze-Tseng

    1971-01-01

    Various types of pirated Chinese books are given with specific examples. The basic steps followed for the proper identification of these books is described, and remedies suggested in case the original is discovered after the book has been cataloged according to the information given by the book pirate. (13 references) (Author/NH)

  13. The Gaia Attitude Star Catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, R. L.

    2016-04-01

    We describe the Attitude Star Catalog produced for the Gaia mission. This catalog is being used by Gaia for the first on-ground attitude reconstruction. Originally it was simply a subset of the Initial Gaia Source List but this subset did not meet the isolation requirements and it contained a significant number of double entries. As a result during the commissioning phase of Gaia a new generation of this catalog, that better fulfills the attitude reconstruction requirements, was requested. Here we describe the production and properties of this new Attitude Star Catalog. The Attitude Star Catalog was made by combining 7 all sky catalogs and selecting entries based on magnitude, isolation and astrometric precision criteria. The catalog has 8173331 entries with estimates of the positions at 2000, proper motions and magnitudes (Gaia G, Gaia Grvs, red RF & blue BJ) in the magnitude range 7.0 web-site.

  14. Geothermal innovative technologies catalog

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kenkeremath, D. (ed.)

    1988-09-01

    The technology items in this report were selected on the basis of technological readiness and applicability to current technology transfer thrusts. The items include technologies that are considered to be within 2 to 3 years of being transferred. While the catalog does not profess to be entirely complete, it does represent an initial attempt at archiving innovative geothermal technologies with ample room for additions as they occur. The catalog itself is divided into five major functional areas: Exploration; Drilling, Well Completion, and Reservoir Production; Materials and Brine Chemistry; Direct Use; and Economics. Within these major divisions are sub-categories identifying specific types of technological advances: Hardware; Software; Data Base; Process/Procedure; Test Facility; and Handbook.

  15. Education programs catalog

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-05-01

    Since its formation in 1977, US DOE has been authorized to support education programs that help ensure an adequate supply of scientists, engineers, and technicians for energy-related research, production activities, and technology transfer. A national conference in 1989 produced a clear vision of the important role that DOE, its facilities, and its 169,000 Federal and contract employees can play in the educational life of their communities and the Nation. Many of the programs listed in this catalog are the result of this new vision; others have existed for many years. Purpose of this catalog is to make all DOE education efforts more widely known so that more teachers, students, and others can benefit. Supporting the hundreds of education programs (precollege, undergraduate, graduate, public) is the network of DOE national laboratories, technology centers, and other research facilities. Brief descriptions of each facility, its programs, and contact information for its education personnel are included.

  16. Protein diffraction experiments with Atlas CCD detector

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dohnálek, Jan; Kovaľ, Tomáš; Dušek, Michal

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 64, Suppl. - abstracts (2008), C192. ISSN 0108-7673. [Congress of the International Union of Crystallography (IUCr) /21./. 23.08.2008-31.08.2008, Osaka] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100521 Keywords : x-ray data collection * CCD detectors * protein crystallography applications Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism

  17. A quadrant-CCD star tracker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clampin, M.; Durrance, S. T.; Barkhouser, R.; Golimowski, D. A.; Wald, A.; Fastie, W. G.; Heidtmann, D. L.; Blouke, Morley M.; Westphal, James A.; Janesick, James R.

    1990-01-01

    The characteristics of a quadrant-CCD designed for pointing and tracking are discussed with reference to its use in an adaptive optics program. The quadrant-CCD is used to correct stellar image motion proceeding from atmospheric turbulence by means of a system in which a sensor measures the image offset and sends data to a high-speed tip/tilt mirror. The design and control of the device are detailed, including four 100-micron-square pixels, the quadrant architecture, controller electronics, and data acquisition computer and interface. The transfer function is set forth in the x and y directions, and transfer curves are shown. A laboratory simulation of random image motion was conducted to evaluate the performance of the quadrant-CCD as an image motion sensor, and the experimental results are presented. The suitability of the quadrant-CCD for space-based pointing and tracking uses is demonstrated by this test and two earlier theoretical studies. Some future developments which improve performance capabilities are mentioned.

  18. Directory of Online Cataloging Tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Hamed Mu'awwad

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available A directory of online cataloging tools, it collects more than 200 resources of essential tools used in libraries, the resources divided into 4 categories; individual tools classified according to type of activity, like: cataloging, classification, standard format; collective tools, non-collective tools, and free general tools available on the internet.

  19. The Weakest Link: Library Catalogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Terrence E., Jr.

    2002-01-01

    Describes methods of correcting MARC records in online public access catalogs in school libraries. Highlights include in-house methods; professional resources; conforming to library cataloging standards; vendor services, including Web-based services; software specifically developed for record cleanup; and outsourcing. (LRW)

  20. Air Quality Monitoring Using CCD/ CMOS Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Low, Khee Lam; Joanna, Tan Choay Ee; Sim, Keat; Jafri, Mohd Zubir Mat; and, Khiruddin Abdullah

    2010-01-01

    In this chapter, we showed a method for measuring of the air quality index by using the CCD/CMOS sensor. We showed two examples to obtain index values by using webcam and CCTV. Both devices provided a high correlation between the measured and estimated PM10. So, the imaging method is capable to measure PM10 values in the environment. Futher application can be conducted using different devices.

  1. Measuring flying object velocity with CCD sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricny, Vaclav; Mikulec, Jiri

    1994-06-01

    An autonomous optoelectronic method of measuring the flying objects track velocity vector (TVV) using digital signal two-line CCD sensors has been developed and simulated at the Department of Radioelectronics at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering of the Technical University of Brno, Czech Republic. The principle of the method, the computer simulation of measuring device operations, the application of statistic estimates for the precision of values measured, and the presentation of the results achieved are described.

  2. Cryostat and CCD for MEGARA at GTC

    OpenAIRE

    Castillo Domínguez, E.; Ferrusca Rodríguez, D.; Tulloch, S.; Velázquez, M.; E. Carrasco; Gallego Maestro, Jesús; Gil De Paz, Armando; F. M. Sánchez; Vílchez, J. M.

    2012-01-01

    MEGARA (Multi-Espectrografo en GTC de Alta Resolucion para Astronomia) is the new integral field unit (IFU) and multi-object spectrograph (MOS) instrument for the GTC. The spectrograph subsystems include the pseudo-slit, the shutter, the collimator with a focusing mechanism, pupil elements on a volume phase holographic grating (VPH) wheel and the camera joined to the cryostat through the last lens, with a CCD detector inside. In this paper we describe the full preliminary design of the cryost...

  3. Characteristic analysis on the thermal noise of infrared CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Rong-zhu; Yu, Xing; Liu, Guo-dong

    2014-09-01

    1.064 μm, 1.319 μm and 10.6 μm laser were used to irradiate silicon-based HgCdTe CCD image system. The temperature distribution of detector induced by infrared laser irradiating in the experiment above was simulated. The influence of temperature on photoelectric parameters of HgCdTe CCD was calculated. A CCD physical model of crosstalk saturation was built and the response characteristic of CCD under the influence of thermal noise was analyzed. Result indicated that the rise of temperature induced by laser irradiating little influenced imaging effect of CCD.

  4. Calibration Tests of Industrial and Scientific CCD Cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shortis, M. R.; Burner, A. W.; Snow, W. L.; Goad, W. K.

    1991-01-01

    Small format, medium resolution CCD cameras are at present widely used for industrial metrology applications. Large format, high resolution CCD cameras are primarily in use for scientific applications, but in due course should increase both the range of applications and the object space accuracy achievable by close range measurement. Slow scan, cooled scientific CCD cameras provide the additional benefit of additional quantisation levels which enables improved radiometric resolution. The calibration of all types of CCD cameras is necessary in order to characterize the geometry of the sensors and lenses. A number of different types of CCD cameras have been calibrated a the NASA Langley Research Center using self calibration and a small test object. The results of these calibration tests will be described, with particular emphasis on the differences between standard CCD video cameras and scientific slow scan CCD cameras.

  5. Large area CCD image sensors for space astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarzschild, M.

    1979-01-01

    The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has a substantial program to develop a 2200 x 2200 pixel CCD (Charge Coupled Device) mosaic array made up of 400 individual CCD's, 110 x 110 pixels square. This type of image sensor appeared to have application in space and ground-based astronomy. Under this grant a CCD television camera system was built which was capable of operating an array of 4 CCD's to explore the suitability of the CCD's to explore the suitability of the CCD for astronomical applications. Two individual packaged CCD's were received and evaluated. Evaluation of the basic characteristics of the best individual chips was encouraging, but the manufacturer found that their yield in manufacturing this design is two low to supply sufficient CDD's for the DARPA mosaic array. The potential utility of large mosaic arrays in astronomy is still substantial and continued monitoring of the manufacturers progress in the coming year is recommended.

  6. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Quasar Catalog III. Third Data Release

    CERN Document Server

    Schneider, D P; Richards, G T; Vanden Berk, Daniel E; Anderson, S F; Fan, X; Jester, S; Stoughton, C; Strauss, M A; Subba-Rao, M; Brandt, W; Gunn, J E; Yanny, B; Bahcall, Neta A; Barentine, J C; Blanton, M R; Boroski, W N; Brewington, H J; Brinkmann, J; Brunner, R; Csabai, I; Doi, M; Eisenstein, D J; Frieman, J A; Fukugita, M; Gray, J; Harvanek, M; Heckman, T M; Ivezic, Z; Kent, S; Kleinman, S; Knapp, G R; Kron, R G; Krzesínski, J; Long, D C; Loveday, J; Lupton, R H; Margon, B; Munn, J A; Neilsen, E H; Newberg, H J; Newman, P R; Nichol, R; Nitta, A; Pier, J R; Rockosi, C M; Saxe, D H; Schlegel, D J; Snedden, S A; Szalay, A S; Thakar, A R; Uomoto, A; York, D G

    2005-01-01

    We present the third edition of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Quasar Catalog. The catalog consists of the 46,420 objects in the SDSS Third Data Release that have luminosities larger than M_i = -22 (in a cosmology with H_0 = 70 km/s/Mpc, Omega_M = 0.3, and Omega_Lambda = 0.7), have at least one emission line with FWHM larger than 1000 km/s or are unambiguously broad absorption line quasars, are fainter than i = 15.0, and have highly reliable redshifts. The area covered by the catalog is 4188 sq. deg. The quasar redshifts range from 0.08 to 5.41, with a median value of 1.47; the high-redshift sample includes 520 quasars at redshifts greater than four, of which 17 are at redshifts greater than five. For each object the catalog presents positions accurate to better than 0.2 arcsec. rms per coordinate, five-band (ugriz) CCD-based photometry with typical accuracy of 0.03 mag, and information on the morphology and selection method. The catalog also contains radio, near-infrared, and X-ray emission properties o...

  7. FERMIGTRIG - Fermi GBM Trigger Catalog

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This table lists all of the triggers observed by one or more of the 14 GBM detectors (12 NaI and 2 BGO). Note that there are two Browse catalogs resulting from GBM...

  8. Ghost Images in Schmidt CCD Photometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The wide field of the Schmidt telescope implies a greater chance of the field containing bright objects, and the presence of a corrector lens produces a certain type of ghost images. We summarize and confirm the features of such ghost images in Schmidt CCD photometry. The ghost images could be star-like under special observational conditions. The zenith distance of the telescope, among other factors, is found to correlate with different patterns of the ghost images. Some relevant issues are discussed and possible applications of our results are suggested.

  9. A microprocessor-controlled CCD star tracker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salomon, P. M.; Goss, W. C.

    1976-01-01

    The STELLAR (Star Tracker for Economical Long Life Attitude Reference) utilizes an image sensing Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) operating under microprocessor control. This approach results in a new type of high-accuracy star tracker which can be adapted to a wide variety of different space flight applications through software changes only. The STELLAR determines two-axis star positions by computing the element and the interelement interpolated centroid positions of the star images. As many as 10 stars may be tracked simultaneously, providing significantly increased stability and accuracy. A detailed description of the STELLAR is presented along with measurements of system performance obtained from an operating breadboard model.

  10. MC and A instrumentation catalog

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neymotin, L. [ed.] [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Sviridova, V. [ed.] [All-Russian Research Inst. of Automatics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1998-06-01

    In 1981 and 1985, two editions of a catalog of non-destructive nuclear measurement instrumentation, and material control and surveillance equipment, were published by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The last edition of the catalog included one hundred and twenty-five entries covering a wide range of devices developed in the US and abroad. More than ten years have elapsed since the publication of the more recent Catalog. Devices described in it have undergone significant modifications, and new devices have been developed. Therefore, in order to assist specialists in the field of Material Control and Accounting (MC and A), a new catalog has been created. Work on this instrumentation catalog started in 1997 as a cooperative effort of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), operated by Brookhaven Science Associates under contract to the US Department of Energy, and the All-Russian Research Institute of Automatics (VNIIA), subordinate institute of the Atomic Energy Ministry of the Russian Federation, within the collaborative US-Russia Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC and A) Program. Most of the equipment included in the Catalog are non-destructive assay (NDA) measurement devices employed for purposes of accounting, confirmation, and verification of nuclear materials. Other devices also included in the Catalog are employed in the detection and deterrence of unauthorized access to or removal of nuclear materials (material control: containment and surveillance). Equipment found in the Catalog comprises either: (1) complete devices or systems that can be used for MC and A applications; or (2) parts or components of complete systems, such as multi-channel analyzers, detectors, neutron generators, and software. All devices are categorized by their status of development--from prototype to serial production.

  11. MC and A instrumentation catalog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1981 and 1985, two editions of a catalog of non-destructive nuclear measurement instrumentation, and material control and surveillance equipment, were published by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The last edition of the catalog included one hundred and twenty-five entries covering a wide range of devices developed in the US and abroad. More than ten years have elapsed since the publication of the more recent Catalog. Devices described in it have undergone significant modifications, and new devices have been developed. Therefore, in order to assist specialists in the field of Material Control and Accounting (MC and A), a new catalog has been created. Work on this instrumentation catalog started in 1997 as a cooperative effort of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), operated by Brookhaven Science Associates under contract to the US Department of Energy, and the All-Russian Research Institute of Automatics (VNIIA), subordinate institute of the Atomic Energy Ministry of the Russian Federation, within the collaborative US-Russia Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC and A) Program. Most of the equipment included in the Catalog are non-destructive assay (NDA) measurement devices employed for purposes of accounting, confirmation, and verification of nuclear materials. Other devices also included in the Catalog are employed in the detection and deterrence of unauthorized access to or removal of nuclear materials (material control: containment and surveillance). Equipment found in the Catalog comprises either: (1) complete devices or systems that can be used for MC and A applications; or (2) parts or components of complete systems, such as multi-channel analyzers, detectors, neutron generators, and software. All devices are categorized by their status of development--from prototype to serial production

  12. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Quasar Catalog. 3. Third data release

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, Donald P.; Hall, Patrick B.; Richards, Gordon T.; Vanden Berk, Daniel E.; Anderson, Scott F.; Fan, Xiao-Hui; Jester, Sebastian; Stoughton, Chris; Strauss,; SubbaRao, Mark; Brandt, W.N.; Gunn, James E.; Yanny, Brian; Bahcall, Neta A.; Barentine, J.C.; Blanton, Michael R.; Boroski, William N.; Brewington, Howard J.; Brinkmann, J.; Brunner, Robert; Csabai, Istvan; /Penn State U., Astron. Astrophys. /York U., Canada /Princeton U. Observ. /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept. /Arizona U.,

    2005-03-01

    We present the third edition of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Quasar Catalog. The catalog consists of the 46,420 objects in the SDSS Third Data Release that have luminosities larger than M{sub i} = -22 (in a cosmology with H{sub 0} = 70 km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1}, {Omega}{sub M} = 0.3, and {Omega}{sub {Lambda}} = 0.7), have at least one emission line with FWHM larger than 1000 km s{sup -1} or are unambiguously broad absorption line quasars, are fainter than i = 15.0, and have highly reliable redshifts. The area covered by the catalog is {approx} 4188 deg{sup 2}. The quasar redshifts range from 0.08 to 5.41, with a median value of 1.47; the high-redshift sample includes 520 quasars at redshifts greater than four, of which 17 are at redshifts greater than five. For each object the catalog presents positions accurate to better than 0.2'' rms per coordinate, five-band (ugriz) CCD-based photometry with typical accuracy of 0.03 mag, and information on the morphology and selection method. The catalog also contains radio, near-infrared, and X-ray emission properties of the quasars, when available, from other large-area surveys. The calibrated digital spectra cover the wavelength region 3800-9200 at a spectral resolution of {approx} 2000; the spectra can be retrieved from the public database using the information provided in the catalog. A total of 44,221 objects in the catalog were discovered by the SDSS; 28,400 of the SDSS discoveries are reported here for the first time.

  13. CCD developed for scientific application by Hamamatsu

    CERN Document Server

    Miyaguchi, K; Dezaki, J; Yamamoto, K

    1999-01-01

    We have developed CCDs for scientific applications that feature a low readout noise of less than 5 e-rms and low dark current of 10-25 pA/cm sup 2 at room temperature. CCDs with these characteristics will prove extremely useful in applications such as spectroscopic measurement and dental radiography. In addition, a large-area CCD of 2kx4k pixels and 15 mu m square pixel size has recently been completed for optical use in astronomical observations. Applications to X-ray astronomy require the most challenging device performance in terms of deep depletion, high CTE, and focal plane size, among others. An abuttable X-ray CCD, having 1024x1024 pixels and 24 mu m square pixel size, is to be installed in an international space station (ISS). We are now striving to achieve the lowest usable cooling temperature by means of a built-in TEC with limited power consumption. Details on the development status are described in this report. We would also like to present our future plans for a large active area and deep depleti...

  14. Cataloging of the Digitized POSS-II, and Some Initial Scientific Results From It

    CERN Document Server

    Djorgovski, S G; Gal, R R; Pahre, M A; Scaramella, R; Longo, G

    1996-01-01

    We are conducting an effort to catalog all sources detected in the digitized POSS-II (DPOSS). This is now becoming an international collaboration including Caltech and the Observatories of Rome and Naples (project CRONA). There are also ongoing extensive CCD calibration efforts at Palomar. The resulting Palomar-Norris Sky Catalog (PNSC) is expected to contain > 5 x 10^7 galaxies, and > 2 x 10^9 stars, in 3 colors (photographic JFN bands, calibrated to CCD gri system), down to the limiting magnitude equivalent of B approx 22 mag. The star-galaxy classification is accurate to 90 - 95% down to the equivalent of B approx 21 mag. The catalog will be made available to the community via computer networks or other suitable media, probably in installments, as soon as scientific validation and quality checks are completed and the funding allows it. Analysis and manipulation software will also be freely available. A great variety of scientific projects will be possible with this vast new data base, including studies of ...

  15. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Quasar Catalog V. Seventh Data Release

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, Donald P.; /Penn State U.; Richards, Gordon T.; /Drexel U.; Hall, Patrick B.; /York U., Canada; Strauss, Michael A.; /Princeton U. Observ.; Anderson, Scott F.; /Washington U., Seattle, Astron. Dept.; Boroson, Todd A.; /Kitt Peak Observ.; Ross, Nicholas P.; /Penn State U.; Shen, Yue; /Princeton U. Observ.; Brandt, W.N.; /Penn State U.; Fan, Xiaohui; /Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ.; Inada, Naohisa; /Wako, RIKEN /Southampton U. /Heidelberg, Max Planck Inst. Astron.

    2010-04-01

    We present the fifth edition of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Quasar Catalog, which is based upon the SDSS Seventh Data Release. The catalog, which contains 105,783 spectroscopically confirmed quasars, represents the conclusion of the SDSS-I and SDSS-II quasar survey. The catalog consists of the SDSS objects that have luminosities larger than M{sub i} = -22.0 (in a cosmology with H{sub 0} = 70 km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1}, {Omega}{sub M} = 0.3, and {Omega}{sub {Lambda}} = 0.7), have at least one emission line with FWHM larger than 1000 km s{sup -1} or have interesting/complex absorption features, are fainter than i {approx} 15.0, and have highly reliable redshifts. The catalog covers an area of {approx} 9380 deg{sup 2}. The quasar redshifts range from 0.065 to 5.46, with a median value of 1.49; the catalog includes 1248 quasars at redshifts greater than 4, of which 56 are at redshifts greater than 5. The catalog contains 9210 quasars with i < 18; slightly over half of the entries have i < 19. For each object the catalog presents positions accurate to better than 0.1-inch rms per coordinate, five-band (ugriz) CCD-based photometry with typical accuracy of 0.03 mag, and information on the morphology and selection method. The catalog also contains radio, near-infrared, and X-ray emission properties of the quasars, when available, from other large-area surveys. The calibrated digital spectra cover the wavelength region 3800-9200 {angstrom} at a spectral resolution of {approx_equal} 2000; the spectra can be retrieved from the SDSS public database using the information provided in the catalog. Over 96% of the objects in the catalog were discovered by the SDSS. We also include a supplemental list of an additional 207 quasars with SDSS spectra whose archive photometric information is incomplete.

  16. Resolved CCD Photometry of Pluto and Charon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highly resolved CCD images of Pluto and Charon near maximum separation are measured with point spread function fitting techniques to determine independent magnitudes and an accurate separation for Pluto and Charon. A measured separation of 0.923 + or - 0.005 arcsec at a position angle of 173.3 + or - 0.3 deg on June 18, 1987 UT produced a value of 19558.0 + or - 153.0 km for the radius of Charon's orbit. An apparent B magnitude of 14.877 + or - 0.009 and (B-I) color of 1.770 + or - 0.015 are determined for Pluto, while Charon is fainter with B = 18.826 + or - 0.011 and slightly bluer with (B-I) = 1.632 + or - 0.018. 18 references

  17. Programmable Clock Waveform Generation for CCD Readout

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vicente, J. de; Castilla, J.; Martinez, G.; Marin, J.

    2006-07-01

    Charge transfer efficiency in CCDs is closely related to the clock waveform. In this paper, an experimental framework to explore different FPGA based clock waveform generator designs is described. Two alternative design approaches for controlling the rise/fall edge times and pulse width of the CCD clock signal have been implemented: level-control and time-control. Both approaches provide similar characteristics regarding the edge linearity and noise. Nevertheless, dissimilarities have been found with respect to the area and frequency range of application. Thus, while the time-control approach consumes less area, the level control approach provides a wider range of clock frequencies since it does not suffer capacitor discharge effect. (Author) 8 refs.

  18. Synthesizing Products for Online Catalogs

    CERN Document Server

    Nguyen, Hoa; Paparizos, Stelios; Freire, Juliana; Agrawal, Rakesh

    2011-01-01

    A high-quality, comprehensive product catalog is essential to the success of Product Search engines and shopping sites such as Yahoo! Shopping, Google Product Search or Bing Shopping. But keeping catalogs up-to-date becomes a challenging task, calling for the need of automated techniques. In this paper, we introduce the problem of product synthesis, a key component of catalog creation and maintenance. Given a set of offers advertised by merchants, the goal is to identify new products and add them to the catalog together with their (structured) attributes. A fundamental challenge is the scale of the problem: a Product Search engine receives data from thousands of merchants and millions of products; the product taxonomy contains thousands of categories, where each category comes in a different schema; and merchants use representations for products that are different from the ones used in the catalog of the Product Search engine. We propose a system that provides an end-to-end solution to the product synthesis p...

  19. A luminescence imaging system based on a CCD camera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duller, G.A.T.; Bøtter-Jensen, L.; Markey, B.G.

    1997-01-01

    spectrum, the CCD system is less sensitive than the standard bi-alkali photocathode photomultipliers that are commonly used. However, the CCD has a peak performance between 500 and 900 nm. and is more sensitive than the photomultiplier tube over this range. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd....

  20. EL Sistema CCD de Tonantzintla. Pruebas Y Planes Futuros

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardona, O.; Chavira, E.; Furenlid, L.; Iriarte, B.

    1987-05-01

    We present results of the laboratory tests of the CCD camera system recently acquired by INAOE, also the theoretical and observational performance of the instrument with the one meter telescope of UNAM. The system has a TI 4849 CCD with 390 >c 584 pixels. We will present the future plans of its use in the new 2.1 m telescope at Cananea, onora.

  1. CCD characterization for a range of color cameras

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Withagen, P.J.; Groen, F.C.A.; Schutte, K.

    2005-01-01

    CCD cameras are widely used for remote sensing and image processing applications. However, most cameras are produced to create nice images, not to do accurate measurements. Post processing operations such as gamma adjustment and automatic gain control are incorporated in the camera. When a (CCD) cam

  2. The current catalog--how current?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sargent, C W

    1968-07-01

    NLM's Current Catalog has recently come in for some criticism. To be useful as a tool in acquisition and cataloging, currency in receipt of the Current Catalog is necessary. A survey of 263 titles with 1967 imprints, which were received by the Library of the Medical Sciences, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, was made to determine the correlation between the receipt of these books in the library and their appearance in the Current Catalog. PMID:5695111

  3. The Cataloging Internship in Academic Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClellan, Edna

    1995-01-01

    Summarizes the history of library internships in cataloging. Reviews a survey of 112 academic practitioners and educators regarding the value of cataloging internships in the masters of library science program. Findings indicate that internships are needed to educate library students. Sample cataloging internship programs are appended. (JMV)

  4. Catalog It! A Guide to Cataloging School Library Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Allison G.; Riedling, Ann Marlow

    This book is designed for courses that prepare college and university students for undergraduate or graduate degrees in school library media. Its objectives are to present the theory and practice of cataloging and classification in the school library environment. The manual is divided into eight chapters. Chapter 1: A Brief History of Cataloging…

  5. URAT Parallax Catalog: the largest parallax catalog since Hipparcos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, Charlie T.; Zacharias, Norbert

    2016-05-01

    The first USNO Robotic Astrometric Telescope catalog (URAT1) was released in April 2015. For determining parallaxes we did go beyond that and utilize all Northern Hemisphere URAT observations. These data include all individual exposures from April 2012 to June 2015 giving a larger epoch baseline for determining parallaxes over the 2-year span of URAT1 published data. The URAT Parallax Catalog (UPC) is a supplement to 'Parallax Results From URAT Epoch Data' (Finch and Zacahrias 2016) where we explain the procedures and focus on stars with a parallax of 40 mas or larger. Here we release all significant parallaxes from the URAT northern epoch data.The UPC contains 112177 parallaxes covering the magnitude range 6.56 to 16.93 in the URAT band-pass north of -12.752 deg declination. The over 40 million formal URAT parallax solutions have been compared to entries in the Hipparcos Catalog, The Yale Parallax Catalog, (Finch and Zacharias 2016), MEarth parallaxes and SIMBAD database, respectively to obtain prior published parallaxes and star name information. We release the 58,677 URAT parallaxes which have a match to either of those catalogs without implementing any extra cuts. For the stars with no prior published parallax we implement a set of stringent cuts to reduce possible erroneous parallaxes resulting in over 53,000 new trigonometric parallaxes from URAT data alone with a high level of confidence. The average parallax precision is 10.8 mas and 4.3 mas for stars having a known parallax and stars without a prior known parallax respectively.

  6. Some Cataloging Or Real Cataloging !? Cataloging Remotely Accessed Electronic Resources : A viewpoint for Discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hesham Tolaib

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a viewpoint about cataloging Remotely Accessed Electronic Resources , Starting with revealing a professional personal experience , then it deals briefly with the field scene discussing some of its solutions , suggestions , and sub-issues of the main issue . The paper critically treats AACR2 and its adaptation for cataloging those resources , especially 2002 Revision . Ending with presenting a new vision about the adaptations needed to solve the issue , exploring types of adaptations and its areas , it proposes a dichotomy for the code . Finally it presents a preliminary frame to implement such a vision .

  7. The K2-TESS Stellar Properties Catalog

    OpenAIRE

    Stassun, Keivan G.; Pepper, Joshua A.; Paegert, Martin; Lee, Nathan; Sanchis-Ojeda, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    We introduce a catalog of stellar properties for stars observed by the Kepler follow-on mission, K2. We base the catalog on a cross-match between the K2 Campaign target lists and the current working version of the NASA TESS target catalog. The resulting K2-TESS Stellar Properties Catalog includes value-added information from the TESS Target Catalog, including stellar colors, proper motions, and an estimated luminosity class (dwarf/subgiant versus giant) for each star based on a reduced-proper...

  8. Second Line of Defense Master Spares Catalog

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henderson, Dale L.; Muller, George; Mercier, Theresa M.; Brigantic, Robert T.; Perkins, Casey J.; Cooley, Scott K.

    2012-11-20

    This catalog is intended to be a comprehensive listing of repair parts, components, kits, and consumable items used on the equipment deployed at SLD sites worldwide. The catalog covers detection, CAS, network, ancillary equipment, and tools. The catalog is backed by a Master Parts Database which is used to generate the standard report views of the catalog. The master parts database is a relational database containing a record for every part in the master parts catalog along with supporting tables for normalizing fields in the records. The database also includes supporting queries, database maintenance forms, and reports.

  9. Catalog card production with a programmable terminal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McTigue, E; Robinson, M E; Saver, B; Schultz, C K

    1977-01-01

    Application of a programmable terminal and printer to the cataloging task of a small medical library is described. The application is independent of a computer; the terminal is used in "local" mode only. Full sets of catalog cards are produced, following a single typing of descriptive cataloging data and tracings. Books can be cataloged the same day they are received. Actual cost per book is just over a dollar, for equipment rental, card stock, and the cataloger's time at the console, after call number, tracings, and main entry for the book have been determined. PMID:831883

  10. Technology and the Online Catalog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Peter S.

    1983-01-01

    Discusses trends in computer technology and their use for library catalogs, noting the concept of bandwidth (describes quantity of information transmitted per given unit of time); computer hardware differences (micros, minis, maxis); distributed processing systems and databases; optical disk storage; networks; transmission media; and terminals.…

  11. Fotometria CCD della cometa Hale-Bopp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikuz, H.; Dintinjana, B.

    1999-10-01

    This contribution is based on the authors' five-year program of CCD photometry of faint comets, performed mainly with 20-cm and 36-cm telescopes, V filter and two CCDs. Recent apparition of comet Hale-Bopp proved to be an excellent opportunity to test the observing method, instrumentation and software even on a very bright comet. The authors found that their V observations of faint comets tend to be systematically fainter by 0.5 - 1 magnitude in spite of the fact that the CCDs record systematically more coma than human eye. The authors explained this with the fact that the human eye and V filter passbands are not the same and have thus different response to C2 which is the main emission from the coma. Additional troubles may appear with bright comets that have prominent inner tails, composed mainly of dust particles. In case of comet Hale-Bopp, it is shown that by carefully choosing the aperture radius, the resulting total V magnitudes are in good agreement with total values of experienced visual observers.

  12. CCD UBVRI photometry of NGC 6811

    CERN Document Server

    Yontan, T; Bostancı, Z F; Ak, T; Karaali, S; Güver, T; Ak, S; Duran, S; Paunzen, E

    2014-01-01

    We present the results of CCD UBVRI observations of the open cluster NGC 6811 obtained on 18th July 2012 with the 1m telescope at the T\\"UB\\.ITAK National Observatory (TUG). Using these photometric results, we determine the structural and astrophysical parameters of the cluster. The mean photometric uncertainties are better than 0.02 mag in the V magnitude and B-V, V-R, and V-I colour indices to about 0.03 mag for U-B among stars brighter than magnitude V=18. Cluster member stars were separated from the field stars using the Galaxia model of Sharma et al. (2011) together with other techniques. The core radius of the cluster is found to be $r_{c}$=3.60 arcmin. The astrophysical parameters were determined simultaneously via Bayesian statistics using the colour-magnitude diagrams V versus B-V, V versus V-I, V versus V-R, and V versus R-I of the cluster. The resulting most likely parameters were further confirmed using independent methods, removing any possible degeneracies. The colour excess, distance modulus, m...

  13. Structural and Thermodynamic Characterization of Vibrio fischeri CcdB*

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Jonge, Natalie; Hohlweg, Walter; Garcia-Pino, Abel; Respondek, Michal; Buts, Lieven; Haesaerts, Sarah; Lah, Jurij; Zangger, Klaus; Loris, Remy

    2010-01-01

    CcdBVfi from Vibrio fischeri is a member of the CcdB family of toxins that poison covalent gyrase-DNA complexes. In solution CcdBVfi is a dimer that unfolds to the corresponding monomeric components in a two-state fashion. In the unfolded state, the monomer retains a partial secondary structure. This observation correlates well with the crystal and NMR structures of the protein, which show a dimer with a hydrophobic core crossing the dimer interface. In contrast to its F plasmid homologue, CcdBVfi possesses a rigid dimer interface, and the apparent relative rotations of the two subunits are due to structural plasticity of the monomer. CcdBVfi shows a number of non-conservative substitutions compared with the F plasmid protein in both the CcdA and the gyrase binding sites. Although variation in the CcdA interaction site likely determines toxin-antitoxin specificity, substitutions in the gyrase-interacting region may have more profound functional implications. PMID:19959472

  14. Structural and thermodynamic characterization of Vibrio fischeri CcdB.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Jonge, Natalie; Hohlweg, Walter; Garcia-Pino, Abel; Respondek, Michal; Buts, Lieven; Haesaerts, Sarah; Lah, Jurij; Zangger, Klaus; Loris, Remy

    2010-02-19

    CcdB(Vfi) from Vibrio fischeri is a member of the CcdB family of toxins that poison covalent gyrase-DNA complexes. In solution CcdB(Vfi) is a dimer that unfolds to the corresponding monomeric components in a two-state fashion. In the unfolded state, the monomer retains a partial secondary structure. This observation correlates well with the crystal and NMR structures of the protein, which show a dimer with a hydrophobic core crossing the dimer interface. In contrast to its F plasmid homologue, CcdB(Vfi) possesses a rigid dimer interface, and the apparent relative rotations of the two subunits are due to structural plasticity of the monomer. CcdB(Vfi) shows a number of non-conservative substitutions compared with the F plasmid protein in both the CcdA and the gyrase binding sites. Although variation in the CcdA interaction site likely determines toxin-antitoxin specificity, substitutions in the gyrase-interacting region may have more profound functional implications. PMID:19959472

  15. XML for catalogers and metadata librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Cole, Timothy W

    2013-01-01

    How are today's librarians to manage and describe the everexpanding volumes of resources, in both digital and print formats? The use of XML in cataloging and metadata workflows can improve metadata quality, the consistency of cataloging workflows, and adherence to standards. This book is intended to enable current and future catalogers and metadata librarians to progress beyond a bare surfacelevel acquaintance with XML, thereby enabling them to integrate XML technologies more fully into their cataloging workflows. Building on the wealth of work on library descriptive practices, cataloging, and metadata, XML for Catalogers and Metadata Librarians explores the use of XML to serialize, process, share, and manage library catalog and metadata records. The authors' expert treatment of the topic is written to be accessible to those with little or no prior practical knowledge of or experience with how XML is used. Readers will gain an educated appreciation of the nuances of XML and grasp the benefit of more advanced ...

  16. Development of the X-ray CCD in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We review the progress of X-ray charge-coupled device (CCD) development and related issues in Japan. They are summarized into the following topics: (1) We demonstrated, for the first time, that a CCD could detect X-ray polarization, by studying the event profiles generated from individual X-ray photons. This is based on the fact that a photoelectron is preferentially injected in the direction of X-ray polarization. (2) Before developing a CCD with a thick depletion layer, we modified a CCD for optical use by removing the absorption layer. This made it possible to detect emission lines from Ge-L (53 eV) in detail. (3) A mesh experiment was introduced to measure the quantum efficiency (QE) in detail within a pixel. We could directly measure the thickness of the gates and their overlaps with each other. This experimentally revealed how the X-ray event grades were produced within a pixel. (4) As an application of the mesh experiment, we could also measure the shape of the charge cloud generated by an X-ray photon. Once we know the charge-cloud shape, we can precisely determine the point of interaction of the X-ray photon within a pixel. This makes the position resolution of the CCD much better than the pixel size. (5) So far, we have developed X-ray astronomy satellites, ASCA, ASTRO-E2 and MAXI, equipped with CCD cameras. CCD cameras on ASCA and ASTRO-E2 were developed through collaborative work with MIT. A future Japanese satellite, NeXT, will also be equipped with a CCD camera. We will design the CCD such that it can function simultaneously with a high-energy detector in order to cover a wide energy range

  17. A new approach to modelling radiation noise in CCD's

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The energy depositions reported by Monte Carlo electron-photon irradiation transport codes are subject to a random error due to the finite number of particle histories used to generate the results. These statistical variations, normally a nuisance, may also be identified with the real radiation noise effects experienced by CCD pixels in persistent radiation environments. This paper explores the practicability of such radiation noise modelling by applying the ACCEPT code from the ITS suite to the case of a shielded CCD exposed to an electron flux. The results are compared with those obtained in a subsequent electron irradiation of the CCD by a Van de Graaff accelerator

  18. E-serials cataloging access to continuing and integrating resources via the catalog and the web

    CERN Document Server

    Cole, Jim

    2014-01-01

    This comprehensive guide examines the state of electronic serials cataloging with special attention paid to online capacities. E-Serials Cataloging: Access to Continuing and Integrating Resources via the Catalog and the Web presents a review of the e-serials cataloging methods of the 1990s and discusses the international standards (ISSN, ISBD[ER], AACR2) that are applicable. It puts the concept of online accessibility into historical perspective and offers a look at current applications to consider. Practicing librarians, catalogers and administrators of technical services, cataloging and serv

  19. CCD image data acquisition system for optical astronomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhat, P. N.; Patnaik, K.; Kembhavi, A. K.; Patnaik, A. R.; Prabhu, T. P.

    1990-11-01

    A complete image processing system based on a charge coupled device (CCD) has been developed at TIFR, Bombay, for use in optical astronomy. The system consists of a P-8600/B GEC CCD chip, a CCD controller, a VAX 11/725 mini-computer to carry out the image acquisition and display on a VS-11 monitor. All the necessary software and part of the hardware were developed locally, integrated together and installed at the Vainu Bappu Observatory at Kavalur. CCD as an imaging device and its advantages over the conventional photographic plate is briefly reviewed. The acquisition system is described in detail. The preliminary results are presented and the future research programme is outlined.

  20. Target Image Matching Algorithm Based on Binocular CCD Ranging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dongming Li

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposed target image in a subpixel level matching algorithm for binocular CCD ranging, which is based on the principle of binocular CCD ranging. In the paper, firstly, we introduced the ranging principle of the binocular ranging system and deduced a binocular parallax formula. Secondly, we deduced the algorithm which was named improved cross-correlation matching algorithm and cubic surface fitting algorithm for target images matched, and it could achieve a subpixel level matching for binocular CCD ranging images. Lastly, through experiment we have analyzed and verified the actual CCD ranging images, then analyzed the errors of the experimental results and corrected the formula of calculating system errors. Experimental results showed that the actual measurement accuracy of a target within 3 km was higher than 0.52%, which meet the accuracy requirements of the high precision binocular ranging.

  1. Atmospheric correction of CBERS CCD images with MODIS data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Junsheng; ZHANG Bing; CHEN Zhengchao; SHEN Qian

    2006-01-01

    China Brazil Earth Resource Satellite (CBERS) CCD images have much potential for inland water environmental monitoring. However, their atmospheric accuracy correction can affect their quantitative applications. This paper contains an atmospheric correction algorithm for CBERS CCD images with MODIS data from the same day, the use of which improves the atmospheric correction algorithm of ocean color remote sensing developed by Gordon (1993, 1994) and makes it applicable to inland waters. The improved algorithm retrieves atmospheric parameters from MODIS data and uses them to perform the atmospheric correction of CBERS CCD images. Experimental results show that the atmospheric correction algorithm of CBERS CCD images assisted by MODIS data is reliable. Furthermore, MODIS data can be freely obtained on a daily basis, making the algorithm developed in this paper useful for environmental monitoring of inland waters.

  2. Follow-up study of children with cerebral coordination disturbance (CCD, Vojta).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imamura, S; Sakuma, K; Takahashi, T

    1983-01-01

    713 children (from newborn to 12-month-old) with delayed motor development were carefully examined and classified into normal, very light cerebral coordination disturbance (CCD, Vojta), light CCD, moderate CCD, severe CCD, suspected cerebral palsy (CP) and other diseases at their first visit, and were followed up carefully. Finally, 89.0% of very light CCD, 71.4% of light CCD, 56.0% of moderate CCD and 30.0% of severe CCD developed into normal. 59.5% of moderate CCD and 45.5% of severe CCD among children who were given Vojta's physiotherapy developed into normal. The classification of cases with delayed motor development into very light, light, moderate and severe CCD based on the extent of abnormality in their postural reflexes is useful and well correlated with their prognosis. Treatment by Vojta's method seems to be efficient and helpful for young children with delayed motor development. PMID:6614390

  3. In-process automatic wavelength calibration for CCD-spectrometers

    OpenAIRE

    Mirapeix Serrano, Jesús María; Cobo García, Adolfo; Cubillas de Cos, Ana María; Conde Portilla, Olga María; López Higuera, José Miguel

    2008-01-01

    In CCD-spectrometers, the relation between the CCD-pixel number and the associated wavelength is established by means of a calibration polynomial, whose coefficients are typically obtained using a calibration lamp with known emission line wavelengths and a regression procedure. A recalculation of this polynomial has to be performed periodically, as the pixel number versus wavelength relation can change with ambient temperature variations or modifications in the optics attached to the spectrom...

  4. Streak Camera Performance with Large-Format CCD Readout

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ICF program at Livermore has a large inventory of optical streak cameras that were built in the 1970s and 1980s. The cameras include micro-channel plate image-intensifier tubes (IIT) that provide signal amplification and early lens-coupled CCD readouts. Today, these cameras are still very functional, but some replacement parts such as the original streak tube, CCD, and IIT are scarce and obsolete. This article describes recent efforts to improve the performance of these cameras using today's advanced CCD readout technologies. Very sensitive, large-format CCD arrays with efficient fiber-optic input faceplates are now available for direct coupling with the streak tube. Measurements of camera performance characteristics including linearity, spatial and temporal resolution, line-spread function, contrast transfer ratio (CTR), and dynamic range have been made for several different camera configurations: CCD coupled directly to the streak tube, CCD directly coupled to the IIT, and the original configuration with a smaller CCD lens coupled to the IIT output. Spatial resolution (limiting visual) with and without the IIT is 8 and 20 lp/mm, respectively, for photocathode current density up to 25% of the Child-Langmuir (C-L) space-charge limit. Temporal resolution (fwhm) deteriorates by about 20% when the cathode current density reaches 10% of the C-L space charge limit. Streak tube operation with large average tube current was observed by illuminating the entire slit region through a Ronchi ruling and measuring the CTR. Sensitivity (CCD electrons per streak tube photoelectron) for the various configurations ranged from 7.5 to 2,700 with read noise of 7.5 to 10.5 electrons. Optimum spatial resolution is achieved when the IIT is removed. Maximum dynamic range requires a configuration where a single photoelectron from the photocathode produces a signal that is 3 to 5 times the read noise

  5. Medical x-ray-sensitive array based on CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gnedenko, Valeri G.; Krasnjuk, Andrey A.; Larionov, Sergei V.; Phainberg, Evgeni M.; Shilin, Victor A.; Skrylev, Alexander S.; Stenin, Vladimir J.

    1996-04-01

    The achievements of CCD technology allow to design X-ray sensitive solid-state images for various medicine applications. The first medical systems have been created for using in dental practice and diagnosis. This radiovisiographic method allows to reduce X-ray exposure by 80%, except any films and provide paralleled diagnosis capacities which revolutionize every day practice. In the future a mosaic scanner with CCD chips will be used for detecting breast cancer.

  6. Catalog of databases and reports

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This catalog provides information about the many reports and materials made available by the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Global Change Research Program (GCRP) and the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC). The catalog is divided into nine sections plus the author and title indexes: Section A--US Department of Energy Global Change Research Program Research Plans and Summaries; Section B--US Department of Energy Global Change Research Program Technical Reports; Section C--US Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Reports; Section D--Other US Department of Energy Reports; Section E--CDIAC Reports; Section F--CDIAC Numeric Data and Computer Model Distribution; Section G--Other Databases Distributed by CDIAC; Section H--US Department of Agriculture Reports on Response of Vegetation to Carbon Dioxide; and Section I--Other Publications

  7. Catalog of databases and reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burtis, M.D. [comp.

    1997-04-01

    This catalog provides information about the many reports and materials made available by the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Global Change Research Program (GCRP) and the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC). The catalog is divided into nine sections plus the author and title indexes: Section A--US Department of Energy Global Change Research Program Research Plans and Summaries; Section B--US Department of Energy Global Change Research Program Technical Reports; Section C--US Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Reports; Section D--Other US Department of Energy Reports; Section E--CDIAC Reports; Section F--CDIAC Numeric Data and Computer Model Distribution; Section G--Other Databases Distributed by CDIAC; Section H--US Department of Agriculture Reports on Response of Vegetation to Carbon Dioxide; and Section I--Other Publications.

  8. The Extended Virgo Cluster Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Suk; Jerjen, Helmut; Lisker, Thorsten; Sung, Eon-Chang; Lee, Youngdae; Chung, Jiwon; Pak, Mina; Yi, Wonhyeong; Lee, Woong

    2014-01-01

    We present a new catalog of galaxies in the wider region of the Virgo cluster, based on the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 7. The Extended Virgo Cluster Catalog (EVCC) covers an area of 725 deg^2 or 60.1 Mpc^2. It is 5.2 times larger than the footprint of the classical Virgo Cluster Catalog (VCC) and reaches out to 3.5 times the virial radius of the Virgo cluster. We selected 1324 spectroscopically targeted galaxies with radial velocities less than 3000 kms^-1. In addition, 265 galaxies that have been missed in the SDSS spectroscopic survey but have available redshifts in the NASA Extragalactic Database are also included. Our selection process secured a total of 1589 galaxies of which 676 galaxies are not included in the VCC. The certain and possible cluster members are defined by means of redshift comparison with a cluster infall model. We employed two independent and complementary galaxy classification schemes: the traditional morphological classification based on the visual inspection of opti...

  9. The K2-TESS Stellar Properties Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Stassun, Keivan G; Paegert, Martin; De Lee, Nathan; Sanchis-Ojeda, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    We introduce a catalog of stellar properties for stars observed by the Kepler follow-on mission, K2. We base the catalog on a cross-match between the K2 Campaign target lists and the current working version of the NASA TESS target catalog. The resulting K2-TESS Stellar Properties Catalog includes value-added information from the TESS Target Catalog, including stellar colors, proper motions, and an estimated luminosity class (dwarf/subgiant versus giant) for each star based on a reduced-proper-motion criterion. Also included is the Guest Observer program identification number(s) associated with each K2 target. The K2-TESS Stellar Properties Catalog is available to the community as a freely accessible data portal on the Filtergraph system at: http://filtergraph.vanderbilt.edu/tess_k2campaigns .

  10. An Open Catalog for Supernova Data

    OpenAIRE

    Guillochon, James; Parrent, Jerod; Margutti, Raffaella

    2016-01-01

    We present the Open Supernova Catalog, an online collection of observations and metadata for presently 20,000+ supernovae and related candidates. The catalog is freely available on the web (https://sne.space), with its main interface having been designed to be a user-friendly, rapidly-searchable table accessible on desktop and mobile devices. In addition to the primary catalog table containing supernova metadata, an individual page is generated for each supernova which displays its available ...

  11. 16 CFR 305.20 - Paper catalogs and websites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... closets, or urinals) shall include in such catalog either the EnergyGuide labels prepared in accordance..., or urinal in a catalog, from which it may be purchased, shall include in such catalog, on each...

  12. The SXI: CCD camera onboard the NeXT mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsunemi, Hiroshi; Tsuru, Takeshi Go; Dotani, Tadayasu; Hayashida, Kiyoshi; Bautz, Marshall W.

    2008-07-01

    The Soft X-ray Imager (SXI) is the X-ray CCD camera on board the NeXT mission that is to be launched around 2013. We are going to employ the CCD chips developed at Hamamatsu Photonics, K.K. We have been developing two types of the CCD: an N-channel chip and a P-channel chip. The effective area of the detector system will be 5-6 cm square with a depletion layer of 100-200μm. The P-channel chip will have thicker depletion layer that makes it easy to develop it to back-illuminated type CCD. It will need a year or so for us to reach the final conclusion which type will be available. Based on the Suzaku experience, we will incorporate the charge injection gate so that we can reduce the proton damage. Furthermore, we will employ a mechanical cooler to keep the CCD working temperature down to -120°C in spite that NeXT will be in the low earth orbit. We can expect the radiation damage on our system very small. The CCD will have an Al coat on the chip to prevent optical photons from entering. This also eliminates the vacuum-tight chamber and the door-opening mechanism. We are planning to employ a custom-made analog ASIC that will reduce the power consumption and the size. The ASIC may speed up the frame-time if we can use a multi-node CCD. With using the focal length of 6m, the SXI will fully function with the optics around 20" resolution. We will report the current plan of the SXI in detail.

  13. A Survey of Batch Cataloging Practices and Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Young, Philip

    2011-01-01

    Groups of bibliographic records are added to library catalogs with increasing frequency. Batch cataloging requires knowledge of bulk record transfer as well as current cataloging standards. While more efficient than cataloging items individually, batch cataloging requires different skills and creates new challenges. Responses to a wide-ranging online survey document the workload, tools, practices, and problems of batch cataloging. The unique characteristics of electronic resources affect many...

  14. Deep, Wide-field CCD Photometry for the Open Cluster NGC3532

    CERN Document Server

    Clem, James L; Hoard, D W; Wachter, Stefanie

    2011-01-01

    We present the results of a deep, wide-field CCD survey for the open cluster NGC~3532. Our new $BV(RI)_{c}$ photometry effectively covers a one square degree area and reaches an unprecedented depth of $V\\sim21$ to reveal that NGC~3532 is a rich open cluster that harbors a large number of faint, low-mass stars. We employ a number of methods to reduce the impact of field star contamination in the cluster color-magnitude diagrams, including supplementing our photometry with $JHK_{s}$ data from the 2MASS catalog. These efforts allow us to define a robust sample of candidate main sequence stars suitable for a purely empirical determination of the cluster's parameters by comparing them to the well-established Hyades main sequence. Our results confirm previous findings that NGC~3532 lies fairly near to the Sun [$(m-M)_0=8.46\\pm0.05$; $492^{+12}_{-11}$~pc] and has an extremely low reddening for its location near the Galactic plane [$E(B-V)=0.028\\pm0.006$]. Moreover, an age of $\\sim300$\\,Myr has been derived for the c...

  15. Multiple solutions of CCD equations for PPP model of benzene

    CERN Document Server

    Podeszwa, R; Jankowski, K; Rubiniec, K; Podeszwa, Rafa{\\l}; Stolarczyk, Leszek Z.; Jankowski, Karol; Rubiniec, Krzysztof

    2002-01-01

    To gain some insight into the structure and physical significance of the multiple solutions to the coupled-cluster doubles (CCD) equations corresponding to the Pariser-Parr-Pople (PPP) model of cyclic polyenes, complete solutions to the CCD equations for the A^{-}_{1g} states of benzene are obtained by means of the homotopy method. By varying the value of the resonance integral beta from -5.0 eV to -0.5 eV, we cover the so-called weakly, moderately, and strongly correlated regimes of the model. For each value of beta 230 CCD solutions are obtained. It turned out, however, that only for a few solutions a correspondence with some physical states can be established. It has also been demonstrated that, unlike for the standard methods of solving CCD equations, some of the multiple solutions to the CCD equations can be attained by means of the iterative process based on Pulay's direct inversion in the iterative subspace (DIIS) approach.

  16. Colorized linear CCD data acquisition system with automatic exposure control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaofan; Sui, Xiubao

    2014-11-01

    Colorized linear cameras deliver superb color fidelity at the fastest line rates in the industrial inspection. It's RGB trilinear sensor eliminates image artifacts by placing a separate row of pixels for each color on a single sensor. It's advanced design minimizes distance between rows to minimize image artifacts due to synchronization. In this paper, the high-speed colorized linear CCD data acquisition system was designed take advantages of the linear CCD sensor μpd3728. The hardware and software design of the system based on FPGA is introduced and the design of the functional modules is performed. The all system is composed of CCD driver module, data buffering module, data processing module and computer interface module. The image data was transferred to computer by Camera link interface. The system which automatically adjusts the exposure time of linear CCD, is realized with a new method. The integral time of CCD can be controlled by the program. The method can automatically adjust the integration time for different illumination intensity under controlling of FPGA, and respond quickly to brightness changes. The data acquisition system is also offering programmable gains and offsets for each color. The quality of image can be improved after calibration in FPGA. The design has high expansibility and application value. It can be used in many application situations.

  17. CCD Astrophotography High-Quality Imaging from the Suburbs

    CERN Document Server

    Stuart, Adam

    2006-01-01

    This is a reference book for amateur astronomers who have become interested in CCD imaging. Those glorious astronomical images found in astronomy magazines might seem out of reach to newcomers to CCD imaging, but this is not the case. Great pictures are attainable with modest equipment. Adam Stuart’s many beautiful images, reproduced in this book, attest to the quality of – initially – a beginner’s efforts. Chilled-chip astronomical CCD-cameras and software are also wonderful tools for cutting through seemingly impenetrable light-pollution. CCD Astrophotography from the Suburbs describes one man’s successful approach to the problem of getting high-quality astronomical images under some of the most light-polluted conditions. Here is a complete and thoroughly tested program that will help every CCD-beginner to work towards digital imaging of the highest quality. It is equally useful to astronomers who have perfect observing conditions, as to those who have to observe from light-polluted city skies.

  18. Purification and crystallization of Vibrio fischeri CcdB and its complexes with fragments of gyrase and CcdA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A CcdB homologue from V. fischeri was overexpressed in E. coli and purified. The free protein was crystallized, as were its complexes with fragments of E. coli and V. fischeri gyrase and with the F-plasmid CcdA C-terminal domain. The ccd toxin–antitoxin module from the Escherichia coli F plasmid has a homologue on the Vibrio fischeri integron. The homologue of the toxin (CcdBVfi) was crystallized in two different crystal forms. The first form belongs to space group I23 or I213, with unit-cell parameter a = 84.5 Å, and diffracts to 1.5 Å resolution. The second crystal form belongs to space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a = 58.5, b = 43.6, c = 37.5 Å, β = 110.0°, and diffracts to 1.7 Å resolution. The complex of CcdBVfi with the GyrA14Vfi fragment of V. fischeri gyrase crystallizes in space group P212121, with unit-cell parameters a = 53.5, b = 94.6, c = 58.1 Å, and diffracts to 2.2 Å resolution. The corresponding mixed complex with E. coli GyrA14Ec crystallizes in space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a = 130.1, b = 90.8, c = 58.1 Å, β = 102.6°, and diffracts to 1.95 Å. Finally, a complex between CcdBVfi and part of the F-plasmid antitoxin CcdAF crystallizes in space group P212121, with unit-cell parameters a = 46.9, b = 62.6, c = 82.0 Å, and diffracts to 1.9 Å resolution

  19. Purification and crystallization of Vibrio fischeri CcdB and its complexes with fragments of gyrase and CcdA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Jonge, Natalie, E-mail: ndejonge@vub.ac.be; Buts, Lieven; Vangelooven, Joris [Department of Molecular and Cellular Interactions, VIB, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); Laboratorium voor Ultrastructuur, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); Mine, Natacha; Van Melderen, Laurence [Laboratoire de Génétique des Procaryotes, Institut de Biologie et de Médecine, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Gosselies (Belgium); Wyns, Lode; Loris, Remy [Department of Molecular and Cellular Interactions, VIB, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); Laboratorium voor Ultrastructuur, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2007-04-01

    A CcdB homologue from V. fischeri was overexpressed in E. coli and purified. The free protein was crystallized, as were its complexes with fragments of E. coli and V. fischeri gyrase and with the F-plasmid CcdA C-terminal domain. The ccd toxin–antitoxin module from the Escherichia coli F plasmid has a homologue on the Vibrio fischeri integron. The homologue of the toxin (CcdB{sub Vfi}) was crystallized in two different crystal forms. The first form belongs to space group I23 or I2{sub 1}3, with unit-cell parameter a = 84.5 Å, and diffracts to 1.5 Å resolution. The second crystal form belongs to space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a = 58.5, b = 43.6, c = 37.5 Å, β = 110.0°, and diffracts to 1.7 Å resolution. The complex of CcdB{sub Vfi} with the GyrA14{sub Vfi} fragment of V. fischeri gyrase crystallizes in space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1}, with unit-cell parameters a = 53.5, b = 94.6, c = 58.1 Å, and diffracts to 2.2 Å resolution. The corresponding mixed complex with E. coli GyrA14{sub Ec} crystallizes in space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a = 130.1, b = 90.8, c = 58.1 Å, β = 102.6°, and diffracts to 1.95 Å. Finally, a complex between CcdB{sub Vfi} and part of the F-plasmid antitoxin CcdA{sub F} crystallizes in space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1}, with unit-cell parameters a = 46.9, b = 62.6, c = 82.0 Å, and diffracts to 1.9 Å resolution.

  20. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Quasar Catalog II. First Data Release

    CERN Document Server

    Schneider, D P; Hall, P B; Jester, S; Richards, G T; Stoughton, C; Strauss, M A; Subba-Rao, M; Vanden Berk, Daniel E; Anderson, S F; Brandt, W N; Gunn, J E; Gray, J; Trump, J R; Voges, W; Yanny, B; Schneider, Donald P.; Fan, Xiaohui; Hall, Patrick B.; Jester, Sebastian; Richards, Gordon T.; Stoughton, Chris; Strauss, Michael A.; Rao, Mark Subba; Berk, Daniel E. Vanden; Anderson, Scott F.; Gunn, James E.; Gray, Jim; Trump, Jonathan R.; Voges, Wolfgang; Yanny, Brian

    2003-01-01

    We present the second edition of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Quasar Catalog. The catalog consists of 16713 objects in the SDSS First Data Release (DR1) that have luminosities larger than M_i=-22 (H_0=70 km/s, Omega_M=0.3, Omega_Lambda=0.7), have at least one emission line with FWHM larger than 1000 km/s, and have highly reliable redshifts. The area covered is ~1360 deg^2 and the redshifts range from 0.08 to 5.41, with a median value of 1.43. Each object has positions accurate to better than 0.2" rms per coordinate, five-band (ugriz) CCD-based photometry with typical accuracy of 0.03 mag, and information on the morphology and selection method, in addition to radio, near-infrared, and X-ray emission properties of the quasars, when available, from other large area surveys. Calibrated digital spectra covering 3800-9200 Angstroms at a spectral resolution 1800-2100, are available. This publication supersedes the first SDSS Quasar Catalog, which was based on material from the SDSS Early Data Release. A summa...

  1. Extension of Tycho catalog for low-extinction windows in the galactic bulge

    CERN Document Server

    Dominici, T P; Horváth, J E; Medina-Tanco, G A; Benevides-Soares, P

    1999-01-01

    We present in this work secondary catalogs up to $m_{Val} \\sim 13$ based on the Tycho reference frame (ESA, 1997) for 12 selected low-extinction fields towards the galactic bulge. The observations have been performed with the Askania-Zeiss Meridian Circle equiped with a CCD camera, located at the Abrahão de Moraes Observatory (Valinhos, Brazil) and operated by the Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics, São Paulo University. The presented catalog, though not complete, has been designed to help in intensive search programmes (e.g. microlensing and variable searches) and therefore the selected standards have a high astrometric and photometric ($V$ band, approximately) quality. The mean precisions obtained were $0.0018^{s}$ in $\\alpha$, 0.013'' in magnitude when weighted with the error bars in each night (in the mean, 42 stars for the catalog of each window). Tables B.1 to B.12 are also available in eletronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg....

  2. DIRAC File Replica and Metadata Catalog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    File replica and metadata catalogs are essential parts of any distributed data management system, which are largely determining its functionality and performance. A new File Catalog (DFC) was developed in the framework of the DIRAC Project that combines both replica and metadata catalog functionality. The DFC design is based on the practical experience with the data management system of the LHCb Collaboration. It is optimized for the most common patterns of the catalog usage in order to achieve maximum performance from the user perspective. The DFC supports bulk operations for replica queries and allows quick analysis of the storage usage globally and for each Storage Element separately. It supports flexible ACL rules with plug-ins for various policies that can be adopted by a particular community. The DFC catalog allows to store various types of metadata associated with files and directories and to perform efficient queries for the data based on complex metadata combinations. Definition of file ancestor-descendent relation chains is also possible. The DFC catalog is implemented in the general DIRAC distributed computing framework following the standard grid security architecture. In this paper we describe the design of the DFC and its implementation details. The performance measurements are compared with other grid file catalog implementations. The experience of the DFC Catalog usage in the CLIC detector project are discussed.

  3. A Highly Available Grid Metadata Catalog

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik Thostrup; Kleist, Joshva

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a metadata catalog, intended foruse in grids. The catalog provides high availability, by replication across several hosts. The replicas are kept consistent using a replication protocol based on the Paxos algorithm. A majority of the replicas must be available in order...

  4. Computer-aided analysis of CCD linear image sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prince, S. S.

    1976-01-01

    Special test equipment and techniques to collect and process image information from charge coupled devices (CCDs) by digital computer were reviewed. The video channel was traced from the CCD to the direct memory access bus of the Interdata Computer. Software was developed to evaluate and characterize a CCD for (1) dark signal versus temperature relationship, (2) calculation of temporal noise magnitude and noise shape for each pixel, (3) spatial noise into the video chain due to dark signal, (4) response versus illumination relationship (gamma), (5) response versus wavelength of illumination (spectral), (6) optimization of forcing functions, and (7) evaluation of an image viewed by a CCD. The basic software differences and specific examples of each program operating on real data are presented.

  5. Analysis of 'Coma strip' galaxy redshift catalog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present results of the analysis of a galaxy redshift catalog made at the 6-m telescope by Karachentsev and Kopylov (1990. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 243, 390). The catalog covers a long narrow strip on the sky (10 arcmin by 630) and lists 283 galaxies up to limiting blue magnitude mB = 17.6. The strip goes through the core of Coma cluster and this is called the 'Coma strip' catalog. The catalog is almost two times deeper than the CfA redshift survey and creates the possibility of studying the galaxy distribution on scales of 100-250 Mpc. Due to the small number of galaxies in the catalog, we were able to estimate only very general and stable parameters of the distribution. (author)

  6. CCD image sensor induced error in PIV applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The readout procedure of charge-coupled device (CCD) cameras is known to generate some image degradation in different scientific imaging fields, especially in astrophysics. In the particular field of particle image velocimetry (PIV), widely extended in the scientific community, the readout procedure of the interline CCD sensor induces a bias in the registered position of particle images. This work proposes simple procedures to predict the magnitude of the associated measurement error. Generally, there are differences in the position bias for the different images of a certain particle at each PIV frame. This leads to a substantial bias error in the PIV velocity measurement (∼0.1 pixels). This is the order of magnitude that other typical PIV errors such as peak-locking may reach. Based on modern CCD technology and architecture, this work offers a description of the readout phenomenon and proposes a modeling for the CCD readout bias error magnitude. This bias, in turn, generates a velocity measurement bias error when there is an illumination difference between two successive PIV exposures. The model predictions match the experiments performed with two 12-bit-depth interline CCD cameras (MegaPlus ES 4.0/E incorporating the Kodak KAI-4000M CCD sensor with 4 megapixels). For different cameras, only two constant values are needed to fit the proposed calibration model and predict the error from the readout procedure. Tests by different researchers using different cameras would allow verification of the model, that can be used to optimize acquisition setups. Simple procedures to obtain these two calibration values are also described. (paper)

  7. Based on line scan CCD print image detection system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lifeng; Xie, Kai; Li, Tong

    2015-12-01

    In this paper, a new method based on machine vision is proposed for the defects of the traditional manual inspection of the quality of printed matter. With the aid of on line array CCD camera for image acquisition, using stepper motor as a sampling of drive circuit. Through improvement of driving circuit, to achieve the different size or precision image acquisition. In the terms of image processing, the standard image registration algorithm then, because of the characteristics of CCD-image acquisition, rigid body transformation is usually used in the registration, so as to achieve the detection of printed image.

  8. BUNDLE ADJUSTMENTS CCD CAMERA CALIBRATION BASED ON COLLINEARITY EQUATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Changying; Yu Zhijing; Che Rensheng; Ye Dong; Huang Qingcheng; Yang Dingning

    2004-01-01

    The solid template CCD camera calibration method of bundle adjustments based on collinearity equation is presented considering the characteristics of space large-dimension on-line measurement. In the method, a more comprehensive camera model is adopted which is based on the pinhole model extended with distortions corrections. In the process of calibration, calibration precision is improved by imaging at different locations in the whole measurement space, multi-imaging at the same location and bundle adjustments optimization. The calibration experiment proves that the calibration method is able to fulfill calibration requirement of CCD camera applied to vision measurement.

  9. An introduction to some imperfections of CCD sensors

    CERN Document Server

    Astier, Pierre

    2015-01-01

    CCD sensors do not deliver a perfect image of the light they receive. Beyond the well known linear image smearing due to diffusion of charges during their drift towards the pixel wells, non-linear effects are at play in these sensors. We now have ample evidence for both a flux- dependent and static image distortions, especially but not only, on deep-depleted CCDs. For large surveys relying on CCD sensors, these effects should now be taken into account when reducing data. We present here a summary of current results on sensor characterization and mitigation methods.

  10. An introduction to some imperfections of CCD sensors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CCD sensors do not deliver a perfect image of the light they receive. Beyond the well known linear image smearing due to diffusion of charges during their drift towards the pixel wells, non-linear effects are at play in these sensors. We now have ample evidence for both a flux-dependent and static image distortions, especially but not only, on deep-depleted CCDs. For large surveys relying on CCD sensors, these effects should now be taken into account when reducing data. We present here a summary of current results on sensor characterization and mitigation methods

  11. An introduction to some imperfections of CCD sensors

    OpenAIRE

    Astier, Pierre

    2015-01-01

    CCD sensors do not deliver a perfect image of the light they receive. Beyond the well known linear image smearing due to diffusion of charges during their drift towards the pixel wells, non-linear effects are at play in these sensors. We now have ample evidence for both a flux- dependent and static image distortions, especially but not only, on deep-depleted CCDs. For large surveys relying on CCD sensors, these effects should now be taken into account when reducing data. We present here a sum...

  12. 2048 pixel front illuminated linear CCD for spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chao-min; Liu, Chang-ju; Zheng, Yu; Li, Ping

    2009-07-01

    The charge couple device(CCD) used in spectroscopy requests good response to the wave bands between 190-1000 nm. The common measure to carry out UV response is phosphor coatings or back illuminated. Among them, phosphors are wavelength converters that convert short-wavelength light into the visible spectral region. This technology needs adding special process which not only raises cost, reduces yield, but also reduces the resolution of the image. Back illuminated is reducing CCD thickness to 15um which is thinner than the normal paper by mechanical polishing and chemical corrosion after completing the front processes of CCD. This technology needs special instrument, complex process , and the yield is also low. Both phosphor coatings and back illuminated have some disadvantages such as low space resolution, complex process, low yield, high cost etc. The CCD of traditional structure has no response to the wavelength less than 350nm, the reason is that the length of UV penetrating through Si is shallow, the penetrating length is only 6.5nm of 300nm UV, the shorter wavelength UV, the shallower penetrating length. The junction depth of normal CCD process is above 200nm, some realize shallow junction through molecular beam epitaxy, but the instrument is expensive and the cost is high. The photosensitive area of normal structure CCD adopting portrait P-N junction, light incidences from N area, N area can't be completely depleted because of the restrict of physics, photon can't arrive depletion area directly. On the basis of thorough analysis traditional UV CCD, horizontal P-N junction structure of Photosensitive area is put forward, whose depletion can reach the surface, the photon falls depletion area directly, which can effectively carry out the absorption of the UV light and the collection of photoelectron. As the latent absorption of Si3N4 to UV with less than 248nm wavelength, the Si3N4 passivation on the photosensitive area is take out. The improved 2048 elements

  13. The First INTEGRAL AGN Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Beckmann, V; Shrader, C R; Soldi, S

    2006-01-01

    We present the first INTEGRAL AGN catalog, based on observations performed from launch of the mission in October 2002 until January 2004. The catalog includes 42 AGN, of which 10 are Seyfert 1, 17 are Seyfert 2, and 9 are intermediate Seyfert 1.5. The fraction of blazars is rather small with 5 detected objects, and only one galaxy cluster and no star-burst galaxies have been detected so far. A complete subset consists of 32 AGN with a significance limit of 7 sigma in the INTEGRAL/ISGRI 20-40 keV data. Although the sample is not flux limited, the distribution of sources shows a ratio of obscured to unobscured AGN of 1.5 - 2.0, consistent with luminosity dependent unified models for AGN. Only four Compton-thick AGN are found in the sample. Based on the INTEGRAL data presented here, the Seyfert 2 spectra are slightly harder (Gamma = 1.95 +- 0.01) than Seyfert 1.5 (Gamma = 2.10 +- 0.02) and Seyfert 1 (Gamma = 2.11 +- 0.05).

  14. A Catalog of Geologic Data for the Hanford Site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horton, Duane G.; Last, George V.; Gilmore, Tyler J.; Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Mackley, Rob D.

    2005-08-01

    This revision of the geologic data catalog incorporates new boreholes drilled after September 2002 as well as other older wells, particularly from the 600 Area, omitted from the earlier catalogs. Additionally, borehole geophysical log data have been added to the catalog. This version of the geologic data catalog now contains 3,519 boreholes and is current with boreholes drilled as of November 2004.

  15. Integrating Electronic Resources into the Library Catalog: A Collaborative Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera, Gail; Aldana, Lynda

    2001-01-01

    Describes a project at the University of Mississippi Libraries to catalog purchased electronic resources so that access to these resources is available only via the Web-based library catalog. Discusses collaboration between cataloging and systems personnel; and describes the MARC catalog record field that contains the information needed to locate…

  16. Fermi Large Area Telescope Second Source Catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, P. L.; Abdo, A. A.; Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M; Allafort, A.; Antolini, E; Bonnell, J.; Cannon, A.; Celik O.; Corbet, R.; Davis, D. S.; DeCesar, M. E.; Ferrara, E. C.; Gehrels, N.; Harding, A. K.; Hays, E.; Johnson, T. E.; McConville, W.; McEnery, J. E; Perkins, J. S.; Racusin, J. L; Scargle, J. D.; Stephens, T. E.; Thompson, D. J.; Troja, E.

    2012-01-01

    We present the second catalog of high-energy gamma-ray sources detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary science instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi), derived from data taken during the first 24 months of the science phase of the mission, which began on 2008 August 4. Source detection is based on the average flux over the 24-month period. The Second Fermi-LAT catalog (2FGL) includes source location regions, defined in terms of elliptical fits to the 95% confidence regions and spectral fits in terms of power-law, exponentially cutoff power-law, or log-normal forms. Also included are flux measurements in 5 energy bands and light curves on monthly intervals for each source. Twelve sources in the catalog are modeled as spatially extended. We provide a detailed comparison of the results from this catalog with those from the first Fermi-LAT catalog (1FGL). Although the diffuse Galactic and isotropic models used in the 2FGL analysis are improved compared to the 1FGL catalog, we attach caution flags to 162 of the sources to indicate possible confusion with residual imperfections in the diffuse model. The 2FGL catalog contains 1873 sources detected and characterized in the 100 11eV to 100 GeV range of which we consider 127 as being firmly identified and 1171 as being reliably associated with counterparts of known or likely gamma-ray-producing source classes.

  17. FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE SECOND SOURCE CATALOG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nolan, P. L.; Ajello, M.; Allafort, A.; Bechtol, K.; Berenji, B.; Blandford, R. D.; Bloom, E. D. [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Abdo, A. A. [Center for Earth Observing and Space Research, College of Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Ackermann, M. [Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Antolini, E.; Bonamente, E. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Atwood, W. B.; Belfiore, A. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Department of Physics and Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Axelsson, M. [Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Baldini, L.; Bellazzini, R. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa (Italy); Ballet, J. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA-IRFU/CNRS/Universite Paris Diderot, Service d' Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette (France); Barbiellini, G. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste (Italy); Bastieri, D. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Bignami, G. F., E-mail: digel@stanford.edu, E-mail: Gino.Tosti@pg.infn.it, E-mail: jean.ballet@cea.fr, E-mail: tburnett@u.washington.edu [Istituto Universitario di Studi Superiori (IUSS), I-27100 Pavia (Italy); and others

    2012-04-01

    We present the second catalog of high-energy {gamma}-ray sources detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary science instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi), derived from data taken during the first 24 months of the science phase of the mission, which began on 2008 August 4. Source detection is based on the average flux over the 24 month period. The second Fermi-LAT catalog (2FGL) includes source location regions, defined in terms of elliptical fits to the 95% confidence regions and spectral fits in terms of power-law, exponentially cutoff power-law, or log-normal forms. Also included are flux measurements in five energy bands and light curves on monthly intervals for each source. Twelve sources in the catalog are modeled as spatially extended. We provide a detailed comparison of the results from this catalog with those from the first Fermi-LAT catalog (1FGL). Although the diffuse Galactic and isotropic models used in the 2FGL analysis are improved compared to the 1FGL catalog, we attach caution flags to 162 of the sources to indicate possible confusion with residual imperfections in the diffuse model. The 2FGL catalog contains 1873 sources detected and characterized in the 100 MeV to 100 GeV range of which we consider 127 as being firmly identified and 1171 as being reliably associated with counterparts of known or likely {gamma}-ray-producing source classes.

  18. FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE SECOND SOURCE CATALOG

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present the second catalog of high-energy γ-ray sources detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary science instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi), derived from data taken during the first 24 months of the science phase of the mission, which began on 2008 August 4. Source detection is based on the average flux over the 24 month period. The second Fermi-LAT catalog (2FGL) includes source location regions, defined in terms of elliptical fits to the 95% confidence regions and spectral fits in terms of power-law, exponentially cutoff power-law, or log-normal forms. Also included are flux measurements in five energy bands and light curves on monthly intervals for each source. Twelve sources in the catalog are modeled as spatially extended. We provide a detailed comparison of the results from this catalog with those from the first Fermi-LAT catalog (1FGL). Although the diffuse Galactic and isotropic models used in the 2FGL analysis are improved compared to the 1FGL catalog, we attach caution flags to 162 of the sources to indicate possible confusion with residual imperfections in the diffuse model. The 2FGL catalog contains 1873 sources detected and characterized in the 100 MeV to 100 GeV range of which we consider 127 as being firmly identified and 1171 as being reliably associated with counterparts of known or likely γ-ray-producing source classes.

  19. Riprese CCD della chioma interna della cometa Ikeya-Zhang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comolli, Lorenzo

    2003-03-01

    During the period of maximum brightness of comet Ikeya-Zhang we acquired many unsaturated CCD images thanks to a period of good weather. The series of images of about 2 weeks can be animated so that changes in the inner coma are made evident. Elaborations with Larson-Sekanina filter and masking filters evidence details like concentric halos, jets and shells.

  20. CCD photometry of apparent dwarf galaxies in Fornax

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blue and red CCD surface photometry of two apparent dwarf galaxies in the Fornax cluster region is presented. Luminosity profiles are derived and their form discussed. The fainter galaxy resembles an archetypal diffuse dwarf elliptical but the brighter of the pair is either an unusual red dwarf or a background galaxy in chance juxtaposition. (author)

  1. SCREEN photometric property detection system based on area CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Fu-cai; Ye, Wei; Xu, Yu; Wang, Chao; Zhang, Yu-wei

    2011-08-01

    The photometric property detection of screen display is crucial for screen display quality test. Traditional photometry detection technologies were based on photoelectric sensors such as silicon photocell, photo-electric multiplier and CdS, which can detect only some isolated points. To break the limitation of randomness, incompleteness and detection accuracy in current technologies, we designed a screen photometric detection system based on area CCD. The system consists of photometric image sensor, photometric image acquisition hardware and photometric image analyzing software. The photometric image sensor, which adopts optical lens, optical filters and area CCD, adapts its spectrum response property to fit the spectrum luminous efficiency curve V (λ) by adjusting the thickness and quantity of appropriate optical filters. photometric image acquisition hardware adopts the DSP as a core processor to drive the area CCD, to sample, acquire , process and save the image from image sensor, to transmit the image to computer. For real-time performance of transmitting, the hardware system adopts the transmission protocol of USB2.0. The uploaded image will be processed by photometric image analyzing software, and then displayed in real time with detection results. The screen photometric detection technology based on area CCD can detect specifications of the whole screen such as luminance, contrast, onoff ratio and uniformity, breaks the limitation of randomness and incompleteness in current detection technology, exactly and fully reflects the integrated display quality of the whole screen. According to the test results, the accuracy of this system has reached the accuracy level one in China.

  2. CCD photometry of the Globular Cluster NGC 6093

    CERN Document Server

    Ruelas-Mayorga, A; Bernal-Herrera, C A; Nigoche-Netro, A; Echevarria, J; Garcia, A M

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we present photometric CCD observations of the globular cluster NGC 6093 (M80) in filters B, V , R and I. We produce the colour-magnitude diagrams for this object and obtain values for its metallicity [Fe/H], reddening E(V-B), E(V-I) and distance modulus (m - M)_0.

  3. Diagnostics of the CCD using the mesh experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Tsunemi, H; Mori, K; Yoshita, K; Miyata, E

    1999-01-01

    We present here the results of a mesh experiment with which we can measure the shape of a charge cloud generated by the photoabsorption of X-rays inside a charge-coupled device (CCD). The mesh used is made of gold of 13-mu m thickness, and has many holes of 1.4 mu m diameter spaced 48 mu m apart. The CCD used has 12 mu m square pixels. A new criterion with which we can determine the precise alignment in the experiment is introduced to eliminate uncertainties. We measured the charge cloud size at three X-ray energies: Al-K (1.5 keV), Mo-L (2.3 keV) and Ti-K (4.5 keV). The shapes can be well represented not by a point-symmetric Gaussian function, but by an axial symmetric Gaussian function with sigma of 0.7-1.5 mu m. The charge cloud size depends weakly on the mean absorption length in silicon. We find that the charge cloud size can be well explained by a simple model inside the CCD. We discuss that the knowledge of the charge cloud size will enable us to improve the position resolution of the CCD.

  4. A New Technique for CCD Camera Auto-Calibration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaodong Zhang; Changku Sun; Zhixiong Wang; Wei Wei

    2003-01-01

    A novel feature-round-based coplanar drone for the CCD camera auto-calibration is designed. Based on the ellipse similarity, an ellipse recognition algorithm is proposed. The experiment indicates the calibration error is less than 0.4 pixel.

  5. Fermi Large Area Telescope Third Source Catalog

    OpenAIRE

    The Fermi-LAT Collaboration

    2015-01-01

    We present the third Fermi Large Area Telescope source catalog (3FGL) of sources in the 100 MeV-300 GeV range. Based on the first four years of science data from the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope mission, it is the deepest yet in this energy range. Relative to the 2FGL catalog, the 3FGL catalog incorporates twice as much data as well as a number of analysis improvements, including improved calibrations at the event reconstruction level, an updated model for Galactic diffuse gamma-ray emissi...

  6. Programmable CCD imaging system for synchrotron radiation studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A real-time imaging system for x-ray detection has been developed. The CAMAC-based system has a Charge Coupled Device (CCD) as its active detection element. The electronics consist of a CAMAC-crate-based dedicated microprocessor coupled to arbitrary waveform generators, programmable timing, and ADC modules. The hardware flexibility achievable through this system enables one to use virtually any commercially available CCD. A dedicated CAMAC-based display driver allows for real-time imaging on a high-resolution color monitor. An optional front end consisting of a fiber-optic taper and a focusing optical lens system coupled to a phosphor screen allows for large area imaging. Further, programming flexibility, in which the detector can be used in different read-out modes, enables it to be exploited for time-resolved experiments. In one mode, sections of the CCD can be read-out with millisecond time-resolution and, in another, the use of the CCD as a storage device is exploited resulting in microsecond time-resolution. Three different CCDs with radically different read-out timings and waveforms have been tested: the TI 4849, a 39Ox584 pixel array; TC 215, a 1024x1O24 pixel array; and the TH 7883, a 576x384 pixel array. The TC 215 and TI 4849 are single-phase CCDs manufactured by Texas Instruments, and the TH 7883 is a four-phase device manufactured by Thomson-CSF. The CCD characterized for uniformity, charge transfer efficiency (CTE), linearity, and sensitivity is the TC215

  7. Catalog of electronic data products

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-07-01

    The catalog lists and describes the public-use data files produced by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). More than 500 public-use data files, representing most of the NCHS data collection programs, are available for purchase and use. Public-use data files are prepared and disseminated to speed and enhance access to the full scope of data. NCHS data systems include a national vital registration program; household interview and health examination surveys; surveys of hospitals, nursing homes, physicians, and other health care providers; and other periodic or occasional data collection activities to produce a wide spectrum of health and health-related data. NCHS data users encompass all levels of government, the academic and research communities, and business. The majority of the data files released by NCHS contain microdata to allow researchers to aggregate findings in whatever format appropriate for their analyses.

  8. The Gaia Initial Quasar Catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrei, H.; Antón, S.; Taris, F.; Bourda, G.; Souchay, J.; Bouquillon, J.; Barache, C.; Pereira Osorio, J. J.; Charlot, P.; Vieira Martins, R.; Lambert, S.; Camargo, J. I.; da Silva Neto, D. N.; Assan, M.; le Campion, J.-F.

    2014-12-01

    We present the latest, updated, and fully corrected version of the Gaia Initial QSO Catalog (GIQC), produced by the CU3 GWP-S-335-13000. It contains 1 248 372 objects, of which 191 802 are considered and marked as Defining ones, because of their observational history and existence of spectroscopic redshift. Also objects with strong, calibrator-like radio emission are included in this category. The Defining objects represent a clean sample of quasars. The remaining objects aim to bring completeness to the GIQC at the time of its compilation. For the whole GIQC the average density is 30.3 sources per sq.deg., practically all sources have an indication of magnitude and of morphological indexes, and 90% of the sources have an indication of redshift and of variability indexes.

  9. A Study on Competencies for Cataloging Librarians in Web Age

    OpenAIRE

    Mei-Ling Wang

    2007-01-01

    As the Internet brings a lot of impact on libraries, for example, various digital resources appears, digital libraries projects dramatically grow, cataloging departments and catalogers changed The article mainly studies what are the roles, tasks, jobs of cataloging librarians in web age. The competencies for cataloging librarians are also discussed in the research. The author used Delphi surveys which three round questionnaires regarding competencies for cataloging librarians were sent to an ...

  10. Archival Descriptions from the National Archives Catalog

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — Archival Descriptions from the National Archives Catalog data set provides archival descriptions of the permanent holdings of the federal government in the custody...

  11. GALEX-SDSS CATALOGS FOR STATISTICAL STUDIES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a detailed study of the Galaxy Evolution Explorer's (GALEX) photometric catalogs with special focus on the statistical properties of the All-sky and Medium Imaging Surveys. We introduce the concept of primaries to resolve the issue of multiple detections and follow a geometric approach to define clean catalogs with well understood selection functions. We cross-identify the GALEX sources (GR2+3) with Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS; DR6) observations, which indirectly provides an invaluable insight into the astrometric model of the UV sources and allows us to revise the band merging strategy. We derive the formal description of the GALEX footprints as well as their intersections with the SDSS coverage along with analytic calculations of their areal coverage. The crossmatch catalogs are made available for the public. We conclude by illustrating the implementation of typical selection criteria in SQL for catalog subsets geared toward statistical analyses, e.g., correlation and luminosity function studies.

  12. Archival Research Catalog (ARC) Archival Descriptions

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — The Archival Research Catalog (ARC) data set provides archival descriptions of the permanent holdings of the federal government in the custody of the National...

  13. Catalogs of Space Shuttle earth observations photography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lulla, Kamlesh; Helfert, Michael

    1990-01-01

    A review is presented of postflight cataloging and indexing activities of mission data obtained from Space Shuttle earth observations photography. Each Space Shuttle mission acquires 1300-4400 photographs of the earth that are reviewed and interpreted by a team of photointerpreters and cataloging specialists. Every photograph's manual and electronic set of plots is compared for accuracy of its locational coordinates. This cataloging activity is a critical and principal part of postflight activity and ensures that the database is accurate, updated and consequently made meaningful for further utilization in the applications and research communities. A final product in the form of a Catalog of Space Shuttle Earth Observations Handheld Photography is published for users of this database.

  14. Georgia Tech Catalog of Gravitational Waveforms

    OpenAIRE

    Jani, Karan; Healy, James; Clark, James A.; London, Lionel; Laguna, Pablo; Shoemaker, Deirdre

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces a catalog of gravitational waveforms from the bank of simulations by the numerical relativity effort at Georgia Tech. Currently, the catalog consists of 452 distinct waveforms from more than 600 binary black hole simulations: 128 of the waveforms are from binaries with black hole spins aligned with the orbital angular momentum, and 324 are from precessing binary black hole systems. The waveforms from binaries with non-spinning black holes have mass-ratios $q = m_1/m_2 \\l...

  15. National Water Quality Laboratory, 1995 services catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timme, P.J.

    1995-01-01

    This Services Catalog contains information about field supplies and analytical services available from the National Water Quality Laboratory in Denver, Colo., and field supplies available from the Quality Water Service Unit in Ocala, Fla., to members of the U.S. Geological Survey. To assist personnel in the selection of analytical services, this catalog lists sample volume, required containers, applicable concentration range, detection level, precision of analysis, and preservation requirements for samples.

  16. National Water Quality Laboratory, 1994 services catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timme, P.J.

    1994-01-01

    This Services Catalog contains information about field supplies and analytical services available from the National Water Quality Laboratory in Denver, Colo., and field supplies available from the Quality Water Service Unit in Ocala, Fla., to members of the U.S. Geological Survey's Water Resources Division. To assist personnel in the selection of analytical services, this catalog lists sample volume, applicable concentration range, detection level, precision of analysis, and preservation requirements for samples. (USGS)

  17. Cataloging and indexing challenges and solutions

    CERN Document Server

    McIntosh, Joyce

    2011-01-01

    Libraries have developed sophisticated ways of categorizing information so that library users can most effectively find the materials they need. This book covers a wide range of important issues in the field, including archival finding aids, search engines, the major indexing and abstracting databases, subject guides, vendor-supplied cataloging records, metadata, and much more. Readers gain an appreciation of the importance of the role of cataloging and indexing of library materials.

  18. KVK - a Meta Catalog of Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael W. Mönnich

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Over the past years, the majority of libraries worldwide implemented interfaces to allow users to access to their bibliographic databases through the WWW. Usually these interfaces consist of HTML-pages with an embedded FORMS template where the search terms are entered. Thus for the first time it was made possible for the user to access almost every library using only one software: the WWW browser. However, if the user has to search more than one library catalog, e.g. when searching literature for a PhD thesis, he has to access a multitude of catalogs deal with different search forms, different search syntaxes, wildcards etc. This is the case especially for users in Germany. Faced with this situation in 1996, our team at the university library of Karlsruhe came up with the idea to create a virtual catalog enabling our library patrons to search several catalogs simultaneously. The idea was inspired by the successful introduction of meta search engines like metacrawler which perform the same function with internet search engines. So why not try to do it with library catalogs? The idea was discussed, and with support from the faculty of computer science, a prototype was built in July 1996. It proved surprisingly easy to do, so we included not only union catalogs but also bookshops. The meta catalog showed so much potential that we decided not to limit access to our local library patrons but to offer it as a service to the internet community as Karlsruher Virtueller Katalog (KVK, Karlsruhe Virtual Catalog. Once the KVK was announced in several mailing list, the usage peaked within a few weeks and has continued to do so.

  19. Mexican Earthquakes and Tsunamis Catalog Reviewed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez-Herrera, M. T.; Castillo-Aja, R.

    2015-12-01

    Today the availability of information on the internet makes online catalogs very easy to access by both scholars and the public in general. The catalog in the "Significant Earthquake Database", managed by the National Center for Environmental Information (NCEI formerly NCDC), NOAA, allows access by deploying tabular and cartographic data related to earthquakes and tsunamis contained in the database. The NCEI catalog is the product of compiling previously existing catalogs, historical sources, newspapers, and scientific articles. Because NCEI catalog has a global coverage the information is not homogeneous. Existence of historical information depends on the presence of people in places where the disaster occurred, and that the permanence of the description is preserved in documents and oral tradition. In the case of instrumental data, their availability depends on the distribution and quality of seismic stations. Therefore, the availability of information for the first half of 20th century can be improved by careful analysis of the available information and by searching and resolving inconsistencies. This study shows the advances we made in upgrading and refining data for the earthquake and tsunami catalog of Mexico since 1500 CE until today, presented in the format of table and map. Data analysis allowed us to identify the following sources of error in the location of the epicenters in existing catalogs: • Incorrect coordinate entry • Place name erroneous or mistaken • Too general data that makes difficult to locate the epicenter, mainly for older earthquakes • Inconsistency of earthquakes and the tsunami occurrence: earthquake's epicenter located too far inland reported as tsunamigenic. The process of completing the catalogs directly depends on the availability of information; as new archives are opened for inspection, there are more opportunities to complete the history of large earthquakes and tsunamis in Mexico. Here, we also present new earthquake and

  20. Cataloging Conference Proceedings: a Survey and Comments.

    OpenAIRE

    Yee, Martha M.; McGarry, Dorothy

    1990-01-01

    The creation of bibliographic records for conference publications is difficult for catalogers and the records are difficult for reference librarians and patrons to use. Those identified by a generic term for a meeting and the name of the corporate body holding the meeting present special problems. This study examines user behavior and preferences when searching for meetings identified by a generic term for meeting and the name of a corporate body holding the meeting. Current cataloging practi...

  1. Fermi Large Area Telescope Second Source Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    ,

    2011-01-01

    We present the second catalog of high-energy gamma-ray sources detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary science instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi), derived from data taken during the first 24 months of the science phase of the mission, which began on 2008 August 4. Source detection is based on the average flux over the 24-month period. The Second Fermi-LAT catalog (2FGL) includes source location regions, defined in terms of elliptical fits to the 95% confidence regions and spectral fits in terms of power-law, exponentially cutoff power-law, or log-normal forms. Also included are flux measurements in 5 energy bands and light curves on monthly intervals for each source. Twelve sources in the catalog are modeled as spatially extended. We provide a detailed comparison of the results from this catalog with those from the first Fermi-LAT catalog (1FGL). Although the diffuse Galactic and isotropic models used in the 2FGL analysis are improved compared to the 1FGL catalog, we att...

  2. Deep CCD Photometry and RR Lyrae Survey for the Outer-Halo Globular Cluster NGC 6229

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catelan, M.; Borissova, J.; Spassova, N.; Ferraro, F. R.; Buonanno, R.; Sweigart, A. V.

    1997-12-01

    Deep BV CCD photometry for a large field covering the outer-halo Galactic globular cluster NGC 6229 is presented. For the first time, a color-magnitude diagram (CMD) reaching below the main-sequence turnoff has been obtained for this cluster. Previous results regarding the overall morphology of the horizontal and giant branches are confirmed. In addition, several candidate blue straggler stars are identified. However, a preliminary analysis of the cluster's CMD suggests that the putative extreme horizontal branch population suggested by Borissova et al. (1997, AJ, 113, 692) may not be present. Unfortunately, the innermost cluster regions could not be studied due to crowding. Comparison of the cluster CMD locus with the latest isochrones from VandenBerg (1997, private communication) is also presented, as is a study of the cluster age relative to a few well-studied reference globulars, using both the ``horizontal" and ``vertical" methods. We also report on an investigation of the variable stars in NGC 6229. We obtained new light curves and re-derived the periods, amplitudes and mean V and B-V magnitudes for 17 RR Lyrae stars listed in Sawyer Hogg's (1973, Publ. David Dunlap Obs., 3, No. 6) catalog. We obtained the first light curves for the RR Lyrae candidates No. 155 and No. 88 (Carney et al. 1991, AJ, 101, 1699), and confirm variability of their star No. 134, as well as of the RR Lyrae stars V3, V8 and V12 suspected by Borissova et al. (1997). A search for variable stars in our 5 x 5 arcmin field does not lead to any new variable candidates.

  3. Lost in space: Onboard star identification using CCD star tracker data without an a priori attitude

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ketchum, Eleanor A.; Tolson, Robert H.

    1993-01-01

    There are many algorithms in use today which determine spacecraft attitude by identifying stars in the field of view of a star tracker. Some methods, which date from the early 1960's, compare the angular separation between observed stars with a small catalog. In the last 10 years, several methods have been developed which speed up the process and reduce the amount of memory needed, a key element to onboard attitude determination. However, each of these methods require some a priori knowledge of the spacecraft attitude. Although the Sun and magnetic field generally provide the necessary coarse attitude information, there are occasions when a spacecraft could get lost when it is not prudent to wait for sunlight. Also, the possibility of efficient attitude determination using only the highly accurate CCD star tracker could lead to fully autonomous spacecraft attitude determination. The need for redundant coarse sensors could thus be eliminated at substantial cost reduction. Some groups have extended their algorithms to implement a computation intense full sky scan. Some require large data bases. Both storage and speed are concerns for autonomous onboard systems. Neural network technology is even being explored by some as a possible solution, but because of the limited number of patterns that can be stored and large overhead, nothing concrete has resulted from these efforts. This paper presents an algorithm which, by descretizing the sky and filtering by visual magnitude of the brightness observed star, speeds up the lost in space star identification process while reducing the amount of necessary onboard computer storage compared to existing techniques.

  4. CCD Photometry of bright stars using objective wire mesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Obtaining accurate photometry of bright stars from the ground remains problematic due to the danger of overexposing the target and/or the lack of suitable nearby comparison stars. The century-old method of using objective wire mesh to produce multiple stellar images seems promising for the precise CCD photometry of such stars. Furthermore, our tests on β Cep and its comparison star, differing by 5 mag, are very encouraging. Using a CCD camera and a 20 cm telescope with the objective covered by a plastic wire mesh, in poor weather conditions, we obtained differential photometry with a precision of 4.5 mmag per two minute exposure. Our technique is flexible and may be tuned to cover a range as big as 6-8 mag. We discuss the possibility of installing a wire mesh directly in the filter wheel.

  5. Evaluation of a CCD-based tissue imaging system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A digital tissue imaging system based on a cooled charge coupled device (CCD) has been developed at the Physics Department of the Institute of Cancer Research. The system images low energy X-ray emissions and β particle emissions from a variety of isotopes, with a position resolution approaching 20μm and sensitivity approaching 100%. Because of the frame-by-frame composite way in which images are constructed, the dynamic range of the system is 16 bit, limited only by the microcomputer used to acquire and store the images. Images have been obtained of isotope distributions in tissue with radioactivity levels which were too low to be detected using conventional technology. Room temperature operation of the CCD in the inverted mode has been investigated

  6. CCD Photometry of bright stars using objective wire mesh

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamiński, Krzysztof; Zgórz, Marika [Astronomical Observatory Institute, Faculty of Physics, A. Mickiewicz University, Słoneczna 36, 60-286 Poznań (Poland); Schwarzenberg-Czerny, Aleksander, E-mail: chrisk@amu.edu.pl [Copernicus Astronomical Centre, ul. Bartycka 18, PL 00-716 Warsaw (Poland)

    2014-06-01

    Obtaining accurate photometry of bright stars from the ground remains problematic due to the danger of overexposing the target and/or the lack of suitable nearby comparison stars. The century-old method of using objective wire mesh to produce multiple stellar images seems promising for the precise CCD photometry of such stars. Furthermore, our tests on β Cep and its comparison star, differing by 5 mag, are very encouraging. Using a CCD camera and a 20 cm telescope with the objective covered by a plastic wire mesh, in poor weather conditions, we obtained differential photometry with a precision of 4.5 mmag per two minute exposure. Our technique is flexible and may be tuned to cover a range as big as 6-8 mag. We discuss the possibility of installing a wire mesh directly in the filter wheel.

  7. CCD-based thermoreflectance microscopy: principles and applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CCD-based thermoreflectance microscopy has emerged as a high resolution, non-contact imaging technique for thermal profiling and performance and reliability analysis of numerous electronic and optoelectronic devices at the micro-scale. This thermography technique, which is based on measuring the relative change in reflectivity of the device surface as a function of change in temperature, provides high-resolution thermal images that are useful for hot spot detection and failure analysis, mapping of temperature distribution, measurement of thermal transient, optical characterization of photonic devices and measurement of thermal conductivity in thin films. In this paper we review the basic physical principle behind thermoreflectance as a thermography tool, discuss the experimental setup, resolutions achieved, signal processing procedures and calibration techniques, and review the current applications of CCD-based thermoreflectance microscopy in various devices. (topical review)

  8. Characterization of a CCD array for Bragg spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Indelicato, P J; Gotta, D; Hennebach, M; Le Bigot, E O; Nelms, N; Simons, L M; Trassinelli, M; Bigot, Eric-Olivier Le; David, Christian; Gotta, Detlev; Hennebach, Maik; Indelicato, Paul; Nelms, Nick; Simons, Leopold M.; Trassinelli, Martino

    2006-01-01

    The average pixel distance as well as the relative orientation of an array of 6 CCD detectors have been measured with accuracies of about 0.5 nm and 50 $\\mu$rad, respectively. Such a precision satisfies the needs of modern crystal spectroscopy experiments in the field of exotic atoms and highly charged ions. Two different measurements have been performed by illuminating masks in front of the detector array by remote sources of radiation. In one case, an aluminum mask was irradiated with X-rays and in a second attempt, a nanometric quartz wafer was illuminated by a light bulb. Both methods gave consistent results with a smaller error for the optical method. In addition, the thermal expansion of the CCD detectors was characterized between -105 C and -40 C.

  9. Quantum efficiency measurements in the swept charge device CCD236

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The e2v technologies plc. CCD236 is a Swept Charge Device (SCD) designed as a large area (20 mm × 20 mm) soft X-ray detector for spectroscopy in the range 0.8 keV to 10 keV. It benefits from improvements in design over the previous generation, the e2v CCD54, such as: a 4 times increased detector area, a reduction in split X-ray events due to the 100 μm × 100 μm 'pixel' size, and improvements to radiation hardness. The CCD236 will be used in India's Chandrayaan-2 Large Soft X-ray Spectrometer (CLASS) instrument and China's Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (HXMT). Measurements of the Quantum Efficiency (QE) have been obtained relative to a NIST calibrated photodiode over the energy range 0.2 keV to 1.9 keV, using the BESSY II X-ray synchrotron in Berlin. Two X-ray event counting methods are described and compared, and QE for soft X-ray interaction is reported. Uniformity of QE across the device is also investigated at energies between 0.52 keV and 1.5 keV in different areas of the detector. This work will enable the actual number of photons incident on the detectors to be calculated, thus ensuring that the CCD236 detectors provide valuable scientific data during use. By comparing the QE methods in this paper with the event processing techniques to be used with CLASS, an estimate of the instrument-specific QE for CLASS can be provided

  10. Building a CCD Spectrograph for Educational or Amateur Astronomy

    OpenAIRE

    Kannappan, Sheila J.; Fabricant, Daniel G.; Hughes, Charles B.

    2002-01-01

    We discuss the design of an inexpensive, high-throughput CCD spectrograph for a small telescope. By using optical fibers to carry the light from the telescope focus to a table-top spectrograph, one can minimize the weight carried by the telescope and simplify the spectrograph design. We recently employed this approach in the construction of IntroSpec, an instrument built for the 16-inch Knowles Telescope on the Harvard College campus.

  11. A CCD fitted to the UV Prime spectrograph: Performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A CCD camera was fitted to the 3.6 m French-Canadian telescope in Hawai. Performance of the system and observations of elliptic galaxies (stellar content and galactic evolution in a cluster) and quasars (absorption lines in spectra) are reported. In spite of its resolution being only average, the extremely rapid optics of the UV spectrograph gives good signal to noise ratios enabling redshifts and velocity scatter to be calculated with an accuracy better than 30 km/sec

  12. Wavelength Calibration Accuracy for the STIS CCD and MAMA Modes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascucci, Ilaria; Hodge, Phil; Proffitt, Charles R.; Ayres, T.

    2011-03-01

    Two calibration programs were carried out to determine the accuracy of the wavelength solutions for the most used STIS CCD and MAMA modes after Servicing Mission 4. We report here on the analysis of this dataset and show that the STIS wavelength solution has not changed after SM4. We also show that a typical accuracy for the absolute wavelength zero-points is 0.1 pixels while the relative wavelength accuracy is 0.2 pixels.

  13. Stable vacuum UV CCD detectors designed for space flight experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Socker, Dennis G.; Marchywka, Mike; Taylor, G. C.; Levine, P.; Rios, R.; Shallcross, F.; Hughes, G.

    1993-01-01

    Thinned, backside-illuminated, p-channel CCD images are under development which can exploit the surface potential in VUV applications, yielding enhanced quantum efficiency to wavelengths as short as 1100 A. The current goal is production of large-format, 5-micron pixel imagers for spectrographic and imaging VUV spaceflight experiments. Model predictions of the effect of device design on quantum efficiency, well capacity, and crosstalk are presented for such 5-micron-approaching pixel sizes.

  14. CCD Readout Electronics for the Subaru Prime Focus Spectrograph

    OpenAIRE

    Hope, Stephen C.; Gunn, James E.; Loomis, Craig P.; Fitzgerald, Roger E.; Peacock, Grant O.

    2014-01-01

    We present details of the design for the CCD readout electronics for the Subaru Telescope Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS). The spectrograph is comprised of four identical spectrograph modules, each collecting roughly 600 spectra. The spectrograph modules provide simultaneous wavelength coverage over the entire band from 380 nm to 1260 nm through the use of three separate optical channels: blue, red, and near infrared (NIR). A camera in each channel images the multi-object spectra onto a 4k x 4...

  15. Study of pixel area variations in fully depleted thick CCD

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kotov, I.V.; Kotov, A.I.; Frank, J.; Kubánek, Petr; Prouza, Michael; O´Connor, P.O.; Radeka, V.; Takacs, P.

    Bellingham: SPIE, 2010 - (Holland, A.; Dorn, D.), 774206/1-774206/8. (Proceedings of the SPIE. 7742). ISBN 9780819482327. [High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy /4./. San Diego (US), 27.06.2010-04.07.2010] R&D Projects: GA MŠk ME09052 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100502 Keywords : CCD * pixel size * charge diffusion Subject RIV: BF - Elementary Particles and High Energy Physics http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.856519

  16. The Corruption of Cataloging (and) Catalog Outsourcing: No Clear-Cut Choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorman, Michael; Holt, Glen

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the importance of cataloging to library service and addresses some of the debilitating effects that downsizing or elimination of cataloging departments, combined with outsourcing, and the consequent decline in bibliographic integrity, have on library service. Includes a sidebar on outsourcing. (JKP)

  17. Open Access Metadata, Catalogers, and Vendors: The Future of Cataloging Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Emily Alinder

    2013-01-01

    The open access (OA) movement is working to transform scholarly communication around the world, but this philosophy can also apply to metadata and cataloging records. While some notable, large academic libraries, such as Harvard University, the University of Michigan, and the University of Cambridge, released their cataloging records under OA…

  18. High-sensitivity CCD-based x-ray detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The detector is designed for imaging measurements requiring relatively high sensitivity and high spatial resolution. The detector can discriminate single X-ray photons, yet has the wide dynamic range (∼10000:1) associated with integrating detectors. A GdO2S2 phosphor screen converts the incoming X-ray image into an optical image. The optical image is coupled (without demagnification) to the CCD image sensor using a fiber optic faceplate. The CCD (Philips Semiconductors) has an area of 4.9 x 8.6 cm with 4000 x 7000 12 μm pixels. A single 12 keV X-ray photon produces a signal of 100 e-. With 2 x 2 pixel binning, the total noise per 24 μm pixel in a 100 s image is ∼30 e-, the detective quantum efficiency is >0.6 at 1 X-ray photon per pixel, and the full image can be read out in <4 s. The spatial resolution is 50 μm. The CCD readout system is fully computer-controlled, allowing flexible operation in time-resolved experiments. The detector has been characterized using visible-light images, X-ray images and time-resolved muscle diffraction measurements.

  19. Meteor showers an annotated catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Kronk, Gary W

    2014-01-01

    Meteor showers are among the most spectacular celestial events that may be observed by the naked eye, and have been the object of fascination throughout human history. In “Meteor Showers: An Annotated Catalog,” the interested observer can access detailed research on over 100 annual and periodic meteor streams in order to capitalize on these majestic spectacles. Each meteor shower entry includes details of their discovery, important observations and orbits, and gives a full picture of duration, location in the sky, and expected hourly rates. Armed with a fuller understanding, the amateur observer can better view and appreciate the shower of their choice. The original book, published in 1988, has been updated with over 25 years of research in this new and improved edition. Almost every meteor shower study is expanded, with some original minor showers being dropped while new ones are added. The book also includes breakthroughs in the study of meteor showers, such as accurate predictions of outbursts as well ...

  20. Version 1 of the Hubble Source Catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitmore, Bradley C.; Allam, Sahar S.; Budavári, Tamás; Casertano, Stefano; Downes, Ronald A.; Donaldson, Thomas; Fall, S. Michael; Lubow, Stephen H.; Quick, Lee; Strolger, Louis-Gregory; Wallace, Geoff; White, Richard L.

    2016-06-01

    The Hubble Source Catalog is designed to help optimize science from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) by combining the tens of thousands of visit-based source lists in the Hubble Legacy Archive (HLA) into a single master catalog. Version 1 of the Hubble Source Catalog includes WFPC2, ACS/WFC, WFC3/UVIS, and WFC3/IR photometric data generated using SExtractor software to produce the individual source lists. The catalog includes roughly 80 million detections of 30 million objects involving 112 different detector/filter combinations, and about 160,000 HST exposures. Source lists from Data Release 8 of the HLA are matched using an algorithm developed by Budavári & Lubow. The mean photometric accuracy for the catalog as a whole is better than 0.10 mag, with relative accuracy as good as 0.02 mag in certain circumstances (e.g., bright isolated stars). The relative astrometric residuals are typically within 10 mas, with a value for the mode (i.e., most common value) of 2.3 mas. The absolute astrometric accuracy is better than 0''\\hspace{-0.5em}. 1 for most sources, but can be much larger for a fraction of fields that could not be matched to the PanSTARRS, SDSS, or 2MASS reference systems. In this paper we describe the database design with emphasis on those aspects that enable the users to fully exploit the catalog while avoiding common misunderstandings and potential pitfalls. We provide usage examples to illustrate some of the science capabilities and data quality characteristics, and briefly discuss plans for future improvements to the Hubble Source Catalog.

  1. Version 1 of the Hubble Source Catalog

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Whitmore, Bradley C. [Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.; Allam, Sahar S. [Fermilab; Budavari, Tamas [Johns Hopkins U.; Casertano, Stefano [Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.; Downes, Ronald A. [Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.; Donaldson, Thomas [Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.; Fall, S. Michael [Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.; Lubow, Stephen H. [Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.; Quick, Lee [Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.; Strolger, Louis-Gregory [Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.; Wallace, Geoff [Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.; White, Richard L. [Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.

    2016-05-11

    The Hubble Source Catalog is designed to help optimize science from the Hubble Space Telescope by combining the tens of thousands of visit-based source lists in the Hubble Legacy Archive into a single master catalog. Version 1 of the Hubble Source Catalog includes WFPC2, ACS/WFC, WFC3/UVIS, and WFC3/IR photometric data generated using SExtractor software to produce the individual source lists. The catalog includes roughly 80 million detections of 30 million objects involving 112 different detector/filter combinations, and about 160 thousand HST exposures. Source lists from Data Release 8 of the Hubble Legacy Archive are matched using an algorithm developed by Budavari & Lubow (2012). The mean photometric accuracy for the catalog as a whole is better than 0.10 mag, with relative accuracy as good as 0.02 mag in certain circumstances (e.g., bright isolated stars). The relative astrometric residuals are typically within 10 mas, with a value for the mode (i.e., most common value) of 2.3 mas. The absolute astrometric accuracy is better than $\\sim$0.1 arcsec for most sources, but can be much larger for a fraction of fields that could not be matched to the PanSTARRS, SDSS, or 2MASS reference systems. In this paper we describe the database design with emphasis on those aspects that enable the users to fully exploit the catalog while avoiding common misunderstandings and potential pitfalls. We provide usage examples to illustrate some of the science capabilities and data quality characteristics, and briefly discuss plans for future improvements to the Hubble Source Catalog.

  2. CCD readout electronics for the Subaru Prime Focus Spectrograph

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hope, Stephen C.; Gunn, James E.; Loomis, Craig P.; Fitzgerald, Roger E.; Peacock, Grant O.

    2014-07-01

    The following paper details the design for the CCD readout electronics for the Subaru Telescope Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS). PFS is designed to gather spectra from 2394 objects simultaneously, covering wavelengths that extend from 380 nm to 1260 nm. The spectrograph is comprised of four identical spectrograph modules, each collecting roughly 600 spectra. The spectrograph modules provide simultaneous wavelength coverage over the entire band through the use of three separate optical channels: blue, red, and near infrared (NIR). A camera in each channel images the multi-object spectra onto a 4k × 4k, 15 μm pixel, detector format. The two visible cameras use a pair of Hamamatsu 2k × 4k CCDs with readout provided by custom electronics, while the NIR camera uses a single Teledyne HgCdTe 4k × 4k detector and Teledyne's ASIC Sidecar to read the device. The CCD readout system is a custom design comprised of three electrical subsystems - the Back End Electronics (BEE), the Front End Electronics (FEE), and a Pre-amplifier. The BEE is an off-the-shelf PC104 computer, with an auxiliary Xilinx FPGA module. The computer serves as the main interface to the Subaru messaging hub and controls other peripheral devices associated with the camera, while the FPGA is used to generate the necessary clocks and transfer image data from the CCDs. The FEE board sets clock biases, substrate bias, and CDS offsets. It also monitors bias voltages, offset voltages, power rail voltage, substrate voltage and CCD temperature. The board translates LVDS clock signals to biased clocks and returns digitized analog data via LVDS. Monitoring and control messages are sent from the BEE to the FEE using a standard serial interface. The Pre-amplifier board resides behind the detectors and acts as an interface to the two Hamamatsu CCDs. The Pre-amplifier passes clocks and biases to the CCDs, and analog CCD data is buffered and amplified prior to being returned to the FEE. In this paper we describe the

  3. Version 1 of the Hubble Source Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Whitmore, Bradley C; Budavari, Tamas; Casertano, Stefano; Downes, Ronald A; Donaldson, Thomas; Fall, S Michael; Lubow, Stephen H; Quick, Lee; Strolger, Louis-Gregory; Wallace, Geoff; White, Richard L

    2016-01-01

    The Hubble Source Catalog is designed to help optimize science from the Hubble Space Telescope by combining the tens of thousands of visit-based source lists in the Hubble Legacy Archive into a single master catalog. Version 1 of the Hubble Source Catalog includes WFPC2, ACS/WFC, WFC3/UVIS, and WFC3/IR photometric data generated using SExtractor software to produce the individual source lists. The catalog includes roughly 80 million detections of 30 million objects involving 112 different detector/filter combinations, and about 160 thousand HST exposures. Source lists from Data Release 8 of the Hubble Legacy Archive are matched using an algorithm developed by Budavari & Lubow (2012). The mean photometric accuracy for the catalog as a whole is better than 0.10 mag, with relative accuracy as good as 0.02 mag in certain circumstances (e.g., bright isolated stars). The relative astrometric residuals are typically within 10 mas, with a value for the mode (i.e., most common value) of 2.3 mas. The absolute astro...

  4. An Open Catalog for Supernova Data

    CERN Document Server

    Guillochon, James; Margutti, Raffaella

    2016-01-01

    We present the Open Supernova Catalog, an online collection of observations and metadata for presently 20,000+ supernovae and related candidates. The catalog is freely available on the web (https://sne.space), with its main interface having been designed to be a user-friendly, rapidly-searchable table accessible on desktop and mobile devices. In addition to the primary catalog table containing supernova metadata, an individual page is generated for each supernova which displays its available metadata, light curves, and spectra spanning X-ray to radio frequencies. The data presented in the catalog is automatically rebuilt on a daily basis and is constructed by parsing several dozen sources, including the data presented in the supernova literature and from secondary sources such as other web-based catalogs. Individual supernova data is stored in the hierarchical, human- and machine-readable JSON format, with the entirety of each supernova's data being contained within a single JSON file bearing its name. The se...

  5. Statistical Characterization of the Chandra Source Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Primini, Francis A; Davis, John E; Nowak, Michael A; Evans, Ian N; Glotfelty, Kenny J; Anderson, Craig S; Bonaventura, Nina R; Chen, Judy C; Doe, Stephen M; Evans, Janet D; Fabbiano, Giuseppina; Galle, Elizabeth C; Gibbs, Danny G; Grier, John D; Hain, Roger M; Hall, Diane M; Harbo, Peter N; Xiangqun,; He,; Karovska, Margarita; Kashyap, Vinay L; Lauer, Jennifer; McCollough, Michael L; McDowell, Jonathan C; Miller, Joseph B; Mitschang, Arik W; Morgan, Douglas L; Mossman, Amy E; Nichols, Joy S; Plummer, David A; Refsdal, Brian L; Rots, Arnold H; Siemiginowska, Aneta; Sundheim, Beth A; Tibbetts, Michael S; Van Stone, David W; Winkelman, Sherry L; Zografou, Panagoula

    2011-01-01

    The first release of the Chandra Source Catalog (CSC) contains ~95,000 X-ray sources in a total area of ~0.75% of the entire sky, using data from ~3,900 separate ACIS observations of a multitude of different types of X-ray sources. In order to maximize the scientific benefit of such a large, heterogeneous data-set, careful characterization of the statistical properties of the catalog, i.e., completeness, sensitivity, false source rate, and accuracy of source properties, is required. Characterization efforts of other, large Chandra catalogs, such as the ChaMP Point Source Catalog (Kim et al. 2007) or the 2 Mega-second Deep Field Surveys (Alexander et al. 2003), while informative, cannot serve this purpose, since the CSC analysis procedures are significantly different and the range of allowable data is much less restrictive. We describe here the characterization process for the CSC. This process includes both a comparison of real CSC results with those of other, deeper Chandra catalogs of the same targets and e...

  6. Education for cataloging and knowledge organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alenka Šauperl

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Just as education for cataloging has to follow functions of the catalog, education for knowledge organization needs to stem from the functions of databases. The reform of higher education in the light of Bologna Declaration (1999 has stimulated a consideration of changes in education for cataloging and knowledge organization at the Department of Library and Information Science and Book Studies at the Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana. A two level university program (3+2 years is suggested by the Bologna Declaration. A proposed stepwise learning for cataloging and knowledge organization is intended to consider the functions of a library catalog on the one hand and to enable students for various degrees of specialization on the other. In each year of study one or more courses would be offered that would increase theoretical and scientific level of topics according to the knowledge acquired in previous courses. However, theoretical knowledge should be enhanced by practical work , therefore courses should provide practical training and internship. After graduation a period of introducing novices should remain an essential part of training. Professional librarians should see continuing educaiton as an integral part of their careers.

  7. A Quantitative Evaluation of the Galaxy Component of COSMOS and APM Catalogs

    CERN Document Server

    Caretta, C A; Willmer, C N A; Caretta, Cesar A.; Maia, Marcio A. G.; Willmer, Christopher N. A.

    1999-01-01

    We have carried out an independent quantitative evaluation of the galaxy component of the ``COSMOS/UKST Southern Sky Object Catalogue'' (SSC) and the ``APM/UKST J Catalogue'' (APM). Using CCD observations our results corroborate the accuracy of the photometry of both catalogs, which have an overall dispersion of about 0.2 mag in the range 17 <= b_J <= 21.5. The SSC presents externally calibrated galaxy magnitudes that follow a linear relation, while the APM instrumental magnitudes of galaxies, only internally calibrated by the use of stellar profiles, require second-order corrections. The completeness of both catalogs in a general field falls rapidly fainter than b_J = 20.0, being slightly better for APM. The 90% completeness level of the SSC is reached between b_J = 19.5 and 20.0, while for APM this happens between b_J = 20.5 and 21.0. Both SSC and APM are found to be less complete in a galaxy cluster field. Galaxies misclassified as stars in the SSC receive an incorrect magnitude because the stellar o...

  8. Descriptive Cataloging: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography, 1984-1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, C. Donald; Jones, Ellen

    1986-01-01

    This annotated bibliography of materials published during 1984-1985 on descriptive cataloging covers bibliographic control, Anglo American Cataloging Rules, 2nd edition (AACR2), specific types of materials, authority control, retrospective conversion, management issues, expert systems, and manuals. (EM)

  9. A catalog of the mouse gut metagenome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xiao, Liang; Feng, Qiang; Liang, Suisha;

    2015-01-01

    We established a catalog of the mouse gut metagenome comprising ∼2.6 million nonredundant genes by sequencing DNA from fecal samples of 184 mice. To secure high microbiome diversity, we used mouse strains of diverse genetic backgrounds, from different providers, kept in different housing laborato......We established a catalog of the mouse gut metagenome comprising ∼2.6 million nonredundant genes by sequencing DNA from fecal samples of 184 mice. To secure high microbiome diversity, we used mouse strains of diverse genetic backgrounds, from different providers, kept in different housing...... laboratories and fed either a low-fat or high-fat diet. Similar to the human gut microbiome, >99% of the cataloged genes are bacterial. We identified 541 metagenomic species and defined a core set of 26 metagenomic species found in 95% of the mice. The mouse gut microbiome is functionally similar to its human...

  10. Query driven visualization of astronomical catalogs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buddelmeijer, Hugo; Valentijn, Edwin A.

    2013-01-01

    Interactive visualization of astronomical catalogs requires novel techniques due to the huge volumes and complex structure of the data produced by existing and upcoming astronomical surveys. The creation as well as the disclosure of the catalogs can be handled by data pulling mechanisms (Buddelmeijer et al. 2011). These prevent unnecessary processing and facilitate data sharing by having users request the desired end products. In this work we present query driven visualization as a logical continuation of data pulling. Scientists can request catalogs in a declarative way and set process parameters directly from within the visualization. This results in profound interoperation between software with a high level of abstraction. New messages for the Simple Application Messaging Protocol are proposed to achieve this abstraction. Support for these messages are implemented in the Astro-WISE information system and in a set of demonstrational applications.

  11. Query Driven Visualization of Astronomical Catalogs

    CERN Document Server

    Buddelmeijer, Hugo

    2011-01-01

    Interactive visualization of astronomical catalogs requires novel techniques due to the huge volumes and complex structure of the data produced by existing and upcoming astronomical surveys. The creation as well as the disclosure of the catalogs can be handled by data pulling mechanisms. These prevent unnecessary processing and facilitate data sharing by having users request the desired end products. In this work we present query driven visualization as a logical continuation of data pulling. Scientists can request catalogs in a declarative way and set process parameters directly from within the visualization. This results in profound interoperation between software with a high level of abstraction. New messages for the Simple Application Messaging Protocol are proposed to achieve this abstraction. Support for these messages are implemented in the Astro-WISE information system and in a set of demonstrational applications.

  12. 1990 National Water Quality Laboratory Services Catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pritt, Jeffrey, (Edited By); Jones, Berwyn E.

    1989-01-01

    PREFACE This catalog provides information about analytical services available from the National Water Quality Laboratory (NWQL) to support programs of the Water Resources Division of the U.S. Geological Survey. To assist personnel in the selection of analytical services, the catalog lists cost, sample volume, applicable concentration range, detection level, precision of analysis, and preservation techniques for samples to be submitted for analysis. Prices for services reflect operationa1 costs, the complexity of each analytical procedure, and the costs to ensure analytical quality control. The catalog consists of five parts. Part 1 is a glossary of terminology; Part 2 lists the bottles, containers, solutions, and other materials that are available through the NWQL; Part 3 describes the field processing of samples to be submitted for analysis; Part 4 describes analytical services that are available; and Part 5 contains indices of analytical methodology and Chemical Abstract Services (CAS) numbers. Nomenclature used in the catalog is consistent with WATSTORE and STORET. The user is provided with laboratory codes and schedules that consist of groupings of parameters which are measured together in the NWQL. In cases where more than one analytical range is offered for a single element or compound, different laboratory codes are given. Book 5 of the series 'Techniques of Water Resources Investigations of the U.S. Geological Survey' should be consulted for more information about the analytical procedures included in the tabulations. This catalog supersedes U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-232 '1986-87-88 National Water Quality Laboratory Services Catalog', October 1985.

  13. FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE FIRST SOURCE CATALOG

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a catalog of high-energy gamma-ray sources detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary science instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi), during the first 11 months of the science phase of the mission, which began on 2008 August 4. The First Fermi-LAT catalog (1FGL) contains 1451 sources detected and characterized in the 100 MeV to 100 GeV range. Source detection was based on the average flux over the 11 month period, and the threshold likelihood Test Statistic is 25, corresponding to a significance of just over 4σ. The 1FGL catalog includes source location regions, defined in terms of elliptical fits to the 95% confidence regions and power-law spectral fits as well as flux measurements in five energy bands for each source. In addition, monthly light curves are provided. Using a protocol defined before launch we have tested for several populations of gamma-ray sources among the sources in the catalog. For individual LAT-detected sources we provide firm identifications or plausible associations with sources in other astronomical catalogs. Identifications are based on correlated variability with counterparts at other wavelengths, or on spin or orbital periodicity. For the catalogs and association criteria that we have selected, 630 of the sources are unassociated. Care was taken to characterize the sensitivity of the results to the model of interstellar diffuse gamma-ray emission used to model the bright foreground, with the result that 161 sources at low Galactic latitudes and toward bright local interstellar clouds are flagged as having properties that are strongly dependent on the model or as potentially being due to incorrectly modeled structure in the Galactic diffuse emission.

  14. The Best Cataloger is a Frustrated Library User: Cataloging Failure and the Underutilization of Library Resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John W. Thompson

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay points out that inconsistencies in the assignment of subject headings and call number can lead to failure to retrieve relevant materials from our libraries. Today it is frequently asserted that bibliographic records cataloged by the Library of Congress or other approved libraries will not require review or editing in our local libraries. This paper provides clear, but by no means unique examples of “cataloging failure” and explains the implications of a policy to add unedited bibliographic records (from vendors such as OCLC to our library catalogs. The result is the omission of otherwise relevant titles from fairly routine searches.

  15. The development of high-speed 100 fps CCD camera

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the development of a high-speed CCD digital camera system. The system has been designed to use CCDs from various manufacturers with minimal modifications. The first camera built on this design utilizes a Thomson 512 x 512 pixel CCD as its sensor, which is read out from two parallel outputs at a speed of 15 MHz/pixel/output. The data undergo correlated double sampling after which it is digitized into 12 bits. The throughput of the system translates into 60 MB/second, which is either stored directly in a PC or transferred to a custom-designed VXI module. The PC data acquisition version of the camera can collect sustained data in real time that is limited to the memory installed in the PC. The VXI version of the camera, also controlled by a PC, stores 512 MB of real-time data before it must be read out to the PC disk storage. The uncooled CCD can be used either with lenses for visible light imaging or with a phosphor screen for X-ray imaging. This camera has been tested with a phosphor screen coupled to a fiber-optic face plate for high-resolution, high-speed X-ray imaging. The camera is controlled through a custom event-driven user-friendly Windows package. The pixel clock speed can be changed from 1 to 15 MHz. The noise was measured to be 1.05 bits at a 13.3 MHz pixel clock. This paper will describe the electronics, software, and characterizations that have been performed using both visible and X-ray photons. (orig.)

  16. New Trends in Cataloging Rare and Special Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leslie, Deborah J.

    2003-01-01

    Reports on the American Library Association's efforts to update the Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (DCRM). Describes topics of working groups that include transcription of early letter forms, rare book cataloging of machine-press books, collection-level cataloging, problems and lacunae, and varieties of editions and issues and when to…

  17. Cooperative Cataloging of Latin-American Books: The Unfulfilled Promise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grover, Mark L.

    1991-01-01

    Discussion of cooperative activities among libraries focuses on cataloging of Latin American materials among research libraries. Differences in motivation for cooperation in acquisitions and in cataloging are discussed; and a study is described that examined which libraries were providing online cataloging, and differences between OCLC and RLIN…

  18. Use Study of Online Cataloging in a Special Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knutson, Gunnar

    1984-01-01

    Statistical examination of original cataloging records of Chicago Municipal Reference Library as input into online OCLC union catalog reveals library's cataloging use rate as compared to nationwide average. Previous studies, methodology, and areas of high and low use (year of input, type of record, classification, length of monograph) are…

  19. Fermi Large Area Telescope first source catalog

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    We present a catalog of high-energy gamma-ray sources detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary science instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi), during the first 11 months of the science phase of the mission, which began on 2008 August 4. The First Fermi-LAT catalog (1FGL) contains 1451 sources detected and characterized in the 100 MeV to 100 GeV range. Source detection was based on the average flux over the 11-month period, and the threshold likelihood Test St...

  20. FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE SECOND SOURCE CATALOG

    OpenAIRE

    Nolan, P. L.; Abdo, A. A.; Ackermann et al., M.

    2012-01-01

    We present the second catalog of high-energy gamma-ray sources detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary science instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi), derived from data taken during the first 24 months of the science phase of the mission, which began on 2008 August 4. Source detection is based on the average flux over the 24-month period. The Second Fermi-LAT catalog (2FGL) includes source location regions, defined in terms of elliptical fits to the 95% conf...

  1. Catalog of Investment Projects in Bulgaria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-10-15

    This catalog includes information about 129 potential investment projects in Bulgaria and was developed by a team of experts from InvestBulgaria Agency in cooperation with municipalities and private companies. The document presents in brief general facts about the regions in Bulgaria. Projects are divided into the following categories: Tourism, Manufacturing, Urban Planning, Real Estate, Environment and renewable energy sources, Commerce, and Innovative and creative projects. The catalog provides detailed information about each project such as: status of the project, location, ownership, infrastructure, estimated value, contact information, etc.

  2. Safeguards instrumentation: a computer-based catalog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The information contained in this catalog is needed to provide a data base for safeguards studies and to help establish criteria and procedures for international safeguards for nuclear materials and facilities. The catalog primarily presents information on new safeguards equipment. It also describes entire safeguards systems for certain facilities, but it does not describe the inspection procedures. Because IAEA safeguards do not include physical security, devices for physical protection (as opposed to containment and surveillance) are not included. An attempt has been made to list capital costs, annual maintenance costs, replacement costs, and useful lifetime for the equipment. For equipment which is commercially available, representative sources have been listed whenever available

  3. Defining IT success through the service catalog

    CERN Document Server

    DuMoulin, Troy; Fine, Bill

    2007-01-01

    The Service Catalog is a fundamental IT tool covering the services themselves, default capabilities, measures and primary means of access and provision. In short, it represents the value IT provides to facilitate business operations.Written by industry experts and using real case studies, this valuable title takes the reader beyond the theoretical to focus on the real business benefits of Service Catalogs and how to implement them successfully within an organization: Services are made standard and rational, leading to lower costs and increased service availability Standard 'servic

  4. Small field CCD astrometry with a long focus reflector telescope

    OpenAIRE

    I. H. Bustos Fierro; J. H. Calderón

    2002-01-01

    Se muestra la utilización del método de ajuste en bloque para la medición de posiciones astromètricas a partir de un mosaico de imágenes CCD directas tomadas con un telescopio reflector de distancia focal larga. Las observaciones cubren una región de aproximadamente 25 x 25 en torno al cúmulo abierto Rup21. Como catálogo de referencia se empleó el Catálogo Tycho-2. Se analiza el error interno de las posiciones medidas, y se estima el error externo a partir de la comparación ...

  5. Use of RTS2 for LSST multiple channel CCD characterisation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kubánek, Petr; Prouza, Michael; Kotov, I.; O´Connor, P.; Doherty, P.; Frank, J.

    Bellingham: SPIE, 2012 - (Radziwill, N.; Chiozzi, G.), 84512T/1-84512T/12. (Proceedings of the SPIE. 8451). ISBN 9780819491527. ISSN 0277-786X. [ Software and Cyberinfrastructure for Astronomy II. Amsterdam (NL), 01.07.2012-04.07.2012] R&D Projects: GA MŠk ME09052; GA MŠk 7E12064 EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 283783 - GLORIA Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100502 Keywords : observatory software * CCD testing * LSST Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics

  6. Radiation Hardness of CCD Vertex Detectors for the ILC

    OpenAIRE

    Sopczak, Andre; Bekhouche, Khaled; Bowdery, Chris; Damerell, Chris; Davies, Gavin; Dehimi, Lakhdar; Greenshaw, Tim; Koziel, Michal; Stefanov, Konstantin; Woolliscroft, Tim; Worm, Steve

    2006-01-01

    Results of detailed simulations of the charge transfer inefficiency of a prototype CCD chip are reported. The effect of radiation damage in a particle detector operating at a future accelerator is studied by examining two electron trap levels, 0.17 eV and 0.44 eV below the bottom of the conduction band. Good agreement is found between simulations using the ISE-TCAD DESSIS program and an analytical model for the 0.17 eV level. Optimum operation is predicted to be at about 250 K where the effec...

  7. Digital X-ray detector based on a CCD matrix

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of charge-coupled devices (CCD) as position-sensitive detectors for X-ray radiation is discussed. The experimental scheme contains a videotransmission camera to detect pulsed X-ray radiation and Vektor analog-to-digital converters and computer interface. It is shown that the sensitivity range of a K1200TsM1 matrix to bremsstrahlung with an average energy of 75 keV is 2.7·10-8-0.8·10-6 J/cm2. The spatial resolution of the resultant X-ray image is discussed. 5 refs., 5 figs

  8. A 3-channel CCD photometer at the Xinglong Observatory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe the design and construction of a new rapid 3-channel CCD photometer, dedicated to simultaneous multicolor photometric observations of rapidly variable objects. This photometer is equipped on the 1-meter telescope at the Xinglong Observatory. It allows simultaneous imaging within fields of view of 18.8' × 18.8', 18.2' × 17.6' and 9.2' × 9.2' in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey's g', r' and i' bands, respectively. The results of its calibration and performance are reported.

  9. CCD - observations of optical jets and extensions in galaxies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A survey of galaxies with jet-like features has been undertaken in order to allow a statistical approach to the optical jet phenomenon. Sixty peculiar galaxies have been observed in different colours, using the standard B and V filters and the g, r, i, and z filters, a set of broad-band filters which cover the wavelength range of the CCD response (4000A-1μ). Preliminary results of five jet galaxies (M87, 3C273, 3C120, IC1182, PKS0521-36) are reported. New information on the morphology of the optical jets in these objects has been obtained. (G.J.P.)

  10. A luminescence imaging system based on a CCD camera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duller, G.A.T.; Bøtter-Jensen, L.; Markey, B.G.

    1997-01-01

    Stimulated luminescence arising from naturally occurring minerals is likely to be spatially heterogeneous. Standard luminescence detection systems are unable to resolve this variability. Several research groups have attempted to use imaging photon detectors, or image intensifiers linked...... to photographic systems, in order to obtain spatially resolved data. However, the former option is extremely expensive and it is difficult to obtain quantitative data from the latter. This paper describes the use of a CCD camera for imaging both thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence. The system...

  11. Modelling Gaia CCD pixels with Silvaco 3D engineering software

    CERN Document Server

    Seabroke, G M; Hopkinson, G; Burt, D; Robbins, M; Holland, A

    2010-01-01

    Gaia will only achieve its unprecedented measurement accuracy requirements with detailed calibration and correction for radiation damage. We present our Silvaco 3D engineering software model of the Gaia CCD pixel and two of its applications for Gaia: (1) physically interpreting supplementary buried channel (SBC) capacity measurements (pocket-pumping and first pixel response) in terms of e2v manufacturing doping alignment tolerances; and (2) deriving electron densities within a charge packet as a function of the number of constituent electrons and 3D position within the charge packet as input to microscopic models being developed to simulate radiation damage.

  12. CCD camera full range pH sensor array.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safavi, A; Maleki, N; Rostamzadeh, A; Maesum, S

    2007-01-15

    Changes in colors of an array of optical sensors that responds in full pH range were recorded using a CCD camera. The data of the camera were transferred to the computer through a capture card. Simple software was written to read the specific color of each sensor. In order to associate sensor array responses with pH values, a number of different mathematics and chemometrics methods were investigated and compared. The results show that the use of "Microsoft Excel's Solver" provides results which are in very good agreement with those obtained with chemometric methods such as artificial neural network (ANN) and partial least square (PLS) methods. PMID:19071333

  13. Modelling Gaia CCD pixels with Silvaco 3D engineering software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seabroke, G. M.; Prod'Homme, T.; Hopkinson, G.; Burt, D.; Robbins, M.; Holland, A.

    2011-02-01

    Gaia will only achieve its unprecedented measurement accuracy requirements with detailed calibration and correction for radiation damage. We present our Silvaco 3D engineering software model of the Gaia CCD pixel and two of its applications for Gaia: (1) physically interpreting supplementary buried channel (SBC) capacity measurements (pocket-pumping and first pixel response) in terms of e2v manufacturing doping alignment tolerances; and (2) deriving electron densities within a charge packet as a function of the number of constituent electrons and 3D position within the charge packet as input to microscopic models being developed to simulate radiation damage.

  14. CCD-Delta a and BVR photometry of NGC 7296

    CERN Document Server

    Netopil, M; Maitzen, H M; Claret, A; Pavlovski, K; Tamajo, E

    2005-01-01

    The first CCD photometric investigation of the open cluster NGC 7296 up to now was performed within the narrow band Delta a photometric system, which enables us to detect peculiar objects. A deeper investigation of that cluster followed, using the standard BVR-Bessel filter set. The age and E(B-V) was determined independently to log t= 8.0 and 0.15 respectively by using Delta a and broadband photometry. In total five Be/Ae objects and two metal-weak stars showing significant negative Delta a-values as well as one classical chemically peculiar star could be identified within that intermediate age open cluster.

  15. CCD Camera Lens Interface for Real-Time Theodolite Alignment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wake, Shane; Scott, V. Stanley, III

    2012-01-01

    Theodolites are a common instrument in the testing, alignment, and building of various systems ranging from a single optical component to an entire instrument. They provide a precise way to measure horizontal and vertical angles. They can be used to align multiple objects in a desired way at specific angles. They can also be used to reference a specific location or orientation of an object that has moved. Some systems may require a small margin of error in position of components. A theodolite can assist with accurately measuring and/or minimizing that error. The technology is an adapter for a CCD camera with lens to attach to a Leica Wild T3000 Theodolite eyepiece that enables viewing on a connected monitor, and thus can be utilized with multiple theodolites simultaneously. This technology removes a substantial part of human error by relying on the CCD camera and monitors. It also allows image recording of the alignment, and therefore provides a quantitative means to measure such error.

  16. Measurement of spatial object's exterior attitude based on linear CCD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    It is difficult to realize real-time measurement of exterior attitude by the traditional systems based on the area image sensor which have conflict between speed and accuracy.The subsystem for three-dimensional (3D) coordinate rcconstruction of point target (S3DCRPT) which is composed of three one-dimensional (1D) cameras based on linear charge-coupled device (CCD) can determine the distant light spots' spatial position. The attitude angle of the measured object is determined by the spatial solution while the coordinate reconstruction is separately carried on by the S3DCRPT with some point cooperation targets (PCTs) on the measured object. A new optical system is designed to solve the interference problem with one-to-one relationship between the PCTs and the S3DCRPT optical subsystems,which improves the measurement accuracy and saves space. The mathematical model of the attitude measurement is established,and partial and global calibrations are realized for the multi-camera attitude measurement system.The test results show the feasibility of the exterior attitude measurement based on linear CCD.

  17. Research of fiber position measurement by multi CCD cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zengxiang; Hu, Hongzhuan; Wang, Jianping; Zhai, Chao; Chu, Jiaru; Liu, Zhigang

    2014-07-01

    Parallel controlled fiber positioner as an efficiency observation system, has been used in LAMOST for four years, and will be proposed in ngCFHT and rebuilt telescope Mayall. The fiber positioner research group in USTC have designed a new generation prototype by a close-packed module robotic positioner mechanisms. The prototype includes about 150 groups fiber positioning module plugged in 1 meter diameter honeycombed focal plane. Each module has 37 12mm diameter fiber positioners. Furthermore the new system promotes the accuracy from 40 um in LAMOST to 10um in MSDESI. That's a new challenge for measurement. Close-loop control system are to be used in new system. The CCD camera captures the photo of fiber tip position covered the focal plane, calculates the precise position information and feeds back to control system. After the positioner rotated several loops, the accuracy of all positioners will be confined to less than 10um. We report our component development and performance measurement program of new measuring system by using multi CCD cameras. With the stereo vision and image processing method, we precisely measure the 3-demension position of fiber tip carried by fiber positioner. Finally we present baseline parameters for the fiber positioner measurement as a reference of next generation survey telescope design.

  18. Wide field CCD photometry of the globular cluster M92

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, K H; Fahlman, G G; Lee, M G; Lee, Kang Hwan; Lee, Hyung Mok; Fahlman, Gregory G.; Lee, Myung Gyoon

    2003-01-01

    We present wide field CCD photometry of a galactic globular cluster M92 obtained in the V and I bands with the CFH12K mosaic CCD at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. A well-defined color-magnitude diagram is derived down to 5 magnitudes fainter than the cluster main sequence turn-off. After removing the background contribution, we obtain luminosity and mass functions, surface density profiles, and the surface number density maps of the stars belonging to the cluster. The surface density profile of all stars shows that the cluster's halo extends at least out to ~30' from the cluster center in agreement with previous study, but the profile of faint stars at the very outer region of the cluster shows a different gradient compared with that of bright stars. For a mass function of the cluster, we find that the inner region of the cluster has x = 1.2+-0.2, whereas the outer region has x = 1.8 +-0.3, clearly indicating a mass segregation of the cluster. An estimate of the photometric mass of the cluster implies th...

  19. CCD Readout Electronics for the Subaru Prime Focus Spectrograph

    CERN Document Server

    Hope, Stephen C; Loomis, Craig P; Fitzgerald, Roger E; Peacock, Grant O

    2014-01-01

    We present details of the design for the CCD readout electronics for the Subaru Telescope Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS). The spectrograph is comprised of four identical spectrograph modules, each collecting roughly 600 spectra. The spectrograph modules provide simultaneous wavelength coverage over the entire band from 380 nm to 1260 nm through the use of three separate optical channels: blue, red, and near infrared (NIR). A camera in each channel images the multi-object spectra onto a 4k x 4k, 15 um pixel, detector format. The two visible cameras use a pair of Hamamatsu 2k x 4k CCDs with readout provided by custom electronics, while the NIR camera uses a single Teledyne HgCdTe 4k x 4k detector and ASIC Sidecar to read the device. The CCD readout system is a custom design comprised of three electrical subsystems: the Back End Electronics (BEE), the Front End Electronics (FEE), and a Pre-amplifier. The BEE is an off-the-shelf PC104 computer, with an auxiliary Xilinx FPGA module. The computer serves as the main...

  20. GAIA Service Catalog: A Framework for the Construction of IT Service Catalogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TACONI, L. H.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The high amount of IT services offered to organizations for boosting and maintaining their business goals makes it difficult to determine the quantity, description and the attributes of these services. This paper presents a framework to support the construction of IT Service Catalogs. The framework consists of a diagnostic assessment questionnaire, a maturity model and a set of services that guide the organization in the construction of an IT Service Catalog.

  1. Utilization and Maintenance of the Federal Catalog System (FCS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    The Federal Catalog System (FCS) was established and substantiated by law to aid the national economy and promote greater efficiency in supply management operations throughout the Federal Government. This Handbook establishes policies and procedures to be followed by NASA installations and certain contractors in cataloging items of supply in the Federal Catalog System and prescribes use of the system in supply management operations. This Handbook is not intended to duplicate the Federal Cataloging Manuals or Federal Cataloging Handbooks. For the most part, it describes actions that are peculiar to NASA.

  2. Tween Consumers: Catalog Clothing Purchase Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Linda; Douglas, Sara; Schimmel, Julie

    1998-01-01

    Catalog shopping behavior of younger and older adolescents was compared. Results indicated that "tweens" were more concerned with style, brand name, and fashion than were older students. This supports previous findings indicating that the tween years are a time when peer pressure and "fitting in" are very important. (Author/EMK)

  3. Fermi Large Area Telescope Third Source Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    ,

    2015-01-01

    We present the third Fermi Large Area Telescope source catalog (3FGL) of sources in the 100~MeV--300~GeV range. Based on the first four years of science data from the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope mission, it is the deepest yet in this energy range. Relative to the 2FGL catalog, the 3FGL catalog incorporates twice as much data as well as a number of analysis improvements, including improved calibrations at the event reconstruction level, an updated model for Galactic diffuse gamma-ray emission, a refined procedure for source detection, and improved methods for associating LAT sources with potential counterparts at other wavelengths. The 3FGL catalog includes 3033 sources above 4 sigma significance, with source location regions, spectral properties, and monthly light curves for each. Of these, 78 are flagged as potentially being due to imperfections in the model for Galactic diffuse emission. Twenty-five sources are modeled explicitly as spatially extended, and overall 232 sources are considered as identifie...

  4. Georgia Tech Catalog of Gravitational Waveforms

    CERN Document Server

    Jani, Karan; Clark, James A; London, Lionel; Laguna, Pablo; Shoemaker, Deirdre

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces a catalog of gravitational waveforms from the bank of simulations by the numerical relativity effort at Georgia Tech. Currently, the catalog consists of 452 distinct waveforms from more than 600 binary black hole simulations: 128 of the waveforms are from binaries with black hole spins aligned with the orbital angular momentum, and 324 are from precessing binary black hole systems. The waveforms from binaries with non-spinning black holes have mass-ratios $q = m_1/m_2 \\le 15$, and those with precessing, spinning black holes have $q \\le 8$. The waveforms expand a moderate number of orbits in the late inspiral, the burst during coalescence, and the ring-down of the final black hole. Examples of waveforms in the catalog matched against the widely used approximate models are presented. In addition, predictions of the mass and spin of the final black hole by phenomenological fits are tested against the results from the simulation bank. The role of the catalog in interpreting the GW150914 even...

  5. The WISE Catalog of Galactic HII Regions

    CERN Document Server

    Anderson, L D; Balser, Dana S; Cunningham, V; Wenger, T V; Johnstone, B M; Armentrout, W P

    2013-01-01

    Using data from the all-sky Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) satellite, we made a catalog of over 8000 Galactic HII regions and HII region candidates by searching for their characteristic mid-infrared (MIR) morphology. WISE has sufficient sensitivity to detect the MIR emission from HII regions located anywhere in the Galactic disk. We believe this is the most complete catalog yet of regions forming massive stars in the Milky Way. Of the ~8000 cataloged sources, ~1500 have measured radio recombination line (RRL) or H$\\alpha$ emission, and are thus known to be HII regions. This sample improves on previous efforts by resolving HII region complexes into multiple sources and by removing duplicate entries. There are ~2500 candidate HII regions in the catalog that are spatially coincident with radio continuum emission. Our group's previous RRL studies show that ~95% of such targets are HII regions. We find that ~500 of these candidates are also positionally associated with known HII region complexes, so th...

  6. CDF run II data file catalog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CDF experiment started data taking in April 2001. The data are organized into datasets which contain events of similar physics properties and reconstruction version. The information about datasets is stored in the Data File Catalog a relational database. This information is presented to the data processing framework as objects which are retrieved using compound keys. The objects and the keys are designed to be the algorithms' view of information stored in the database. Objects may use several DB tables. A database interface management layer exists for the purpose of managing the mapping of persistent data to transient objects that can be used by the framework. This layer exists between the algorithm code and the code which reads directly from database tables. At the user end, it places get/put interface on a top of a transient class for retrieval or storage of objects of this class using a key. Data File Catalog code makes use of this facility and contains all the code needed to manipulate CDF Data File Catalog from a C++ program or from the command prompt. It supports an Oracle interface using OTL, and a mSQL interface. This code and the Oracle implementation of Data File Catalog were subjected to tests during CDF Commissioning Run last fall and during first weeks of Run II in April. It performed exceptionally well

  7. Compact Disc Cataloging Product User Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehair, David E.

    In late 1988, a compact disc cataloging product was introduced to the library market. In order to learn more about the needs of current users, a survey was developed to include questions concerning software features and operations, software enhancements, bibliographic and authority subsets, and hardware issues. This study was conducted among all…

  8. Testing Bibliographic Displays for Online Catalogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Walt

    1987-01-01

    Reports the design, methodology, and results of a research project which examined the effectiveness of bibliographic displays produced by online catalogs. A means of testing displays against several hundred thousand records at a reasonable cost and using that to test several display possibilities is described. (CLB)

  9. Will Your Catalog Stand FTC Scrutiny?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, Louis W.

    1976-01-01

    In light of recent court rulings and Federal Trade Commission (FTC) hearings regarding unfair methods of competition and deceptive advertising, a content analysis was conducted of 20 randomly selected college catalogs from 2-year and 4-year, public and private institutions. Four types of misrepresentations were identified including institutional…

  10. Analysis on the seismological characteristics in Korean earthquake catalogs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Considering the importance of the earthquake catalog for the risk analysis of nuclear power plants against hazardous earthquakes, comaprison of two catalogs, KWL(Kiwha Lee)'s and EESK(Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea)'s which are the two most frequently used nowadays, was performed. Two catalogs show the difference in the frequency of occurrence and in an intensity evaluation for the same earthquakes as well. Generally, KWL's catalog shows higher intensity values than the EESK's catalog. Seismic parameters calculated from the catalogs show that KWL's parameters are closer to the worldwide average and the result from the instrumental data near Korean peninsula, while both figures are not close enough to the world average. Harmonic analysis of the EESK's catalog does not show any clear characteristic periodicity in the earthquakes near Korean peninsula

  11. The in-flight spectroscopic performance of the Swift XRT CCD camera

    OpenAIRE

    Osborne, J. P.; Beardmore, A. P.; Godet, O.; Abbey, A. F.; Goad, M. R.; Page, K. L.; Wells, A. A.; Angelini, L; Burrows, D. N.; S. Campana; Chincarini, G.; Citterio, O.; Cusumano, G.; Giommi, P.; Hill, J.E.

    2005-01-01

    The Swift X-ray Telescope (XRT) focal plane camera is a front-illuminated MOS CCD, providing a spectral response kernel of 144 eV FWHM at 6.5 keV. We describe the CCD calibration program based on celestial and on-board calibration sources, relevant in-flight experiences, and developments in the CCD response model. We illustrate how the revised response model describes the calibration sources well. Loss of temperature control motivated a laboratory program to re-optimize the CCD substrate volt...

  12. System for Digital 1D-Image Processing with 1024 Pixel CCD Sensor

    OpenAIRE

    J. Misun; M. Chrenek; Sevcik, P; P. Kulla

    1993-01-01

    The conception of system for digital 1D-images processing with digital CCD camera is presented. The system is created from these three basic parts: the digital CCD camera with linear image sensor CCD L133C, 8-bit interface and a personal computer. The scanning digital CCD camera generated a video signals, which are processed in the analog signal processor. The output signal is continually converted to 8-bit data words in A/D converter. This data words maybe transfer over a bus driver to the o...

  13. New Catalog of Resources Enables Paleogeosciences Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lingo, R. C.; Horlick, K. A.; Anderson, D. M.

    2014-12-01

    The 21st century promises a new era for scientists of all disciplines, the age where cyber infrastructure enables research and education and fuels discovery. EarthCube is a working community of over 2,500 scientists and students of many Earth Science disciplines who are looking to build bridges between disciplines. The EarthCube initiative will create a digital infrastructure that connects databases, software, and repositories. A catalog of resources (databases, software, repositories) has been produced by the Research Coordination Network for Paleogeosciences to improve the discoverability of resources. The Catalog is currently made available within the larger-scope CINERGI geosciences portal (http://hydro10.sdsc.edu/geoportal/catalog/main/home.page). Other distribution points and web services are planned, using linked data, content services for the web, and XML descriptions that can be harvested using metadata protocols. The databases provide searchable interfaces to find data sets that would otherwise remain dark data, hidden in drawers and on personal computers. The software will be described in catalog entries so just one click will lead users to methods and analytical tools that many geoscientists were unaware of. The repositories listed in the Paleogeosciences Catalog contain physical samples found all across the globe, from natural history museums to the basements of university buildings. EarthCube has over 250 databases, 300 software systems, and 200 repositories which will grow in the coming year. When completed, geoscientists across the world will be connected into a productive workflow for managing, sharing, and exploring geoscience data and information that expedites collaboration and innovation within the paleogeosciences, potentially bringing about new interdisciplinary discoveries.

  14. Interstellar matter in Shapley-Ames elliptical galaxies. I. Multicolour CCD surface photometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goudfrooij, P.; Hansen, L.; Jorgensen, H. E.; Norgaard-Nielsen, H. U.; de Jong, T.; van den Hoek, L. B.

    1994-04-01

    We present accurate CCD surface photometry in Johnson B and V and Cousins I for a complete, magnitude-limited sample of 56 elliptical galaxies from the RSA catalog. For each galaxy we have determined radial profiles of surface brightness, B-V and/or B-I colour index, ellipticity, position angle, and the third- and fourth order Fourier coefficients that describe the deviations of the B, V, and I isophotes from perfect ellipses, using a full two-dimensional fitting technique. The present sample contains 13 galaxies for which no previous isophote analysis has been published, and 26 without published colour gradients. The radial profiles of the ellipticity, position angle, and the third- and fourth-order Fourier coefficients are found to show considerable detail. The profiles are mostly similar in all passbands, except in cases where dust lanes or patches are present. In this respect, the higher-order Fourier coefficients turn out to be sensitive diagnostic tools for the presence of dust in elliptical galaxies. Isophotal deviations from ellipses on the level of 0.5-1% are found to be common in elliptical galaxies. As noted before by others, these deviations are due to structures that do not necessarily align with the apparent major or minor axes of the galaxies, advocating the use of both the cosine and sine higher-order terms in correlation studies. We show that fitting outer radial intensity profiles of elliptical galaxies is an excellent tool for determining the sky background for the surface photometry. The sky values determined from a power-law fit to the outer intensity profiles are found to be within 0.1% of the sky values at the corners of present-day large CCDs where the contribution of galaxy light is negligible. The average colour gradients for the sample galaxies in B-V and B-I are 0.06 and 0.14 mag arcsec^-2^ per decade in radius, respectively. This compares well with colour gradients in elliptical galaxies found by others. The small uncertainty introduced

  15. CCD photometry of the distant young open cluster NGC 7510

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CCD observations in B, V and I passbands have been used to generate deep V, (B-V) and V,(V-I) colour-magnitude diagrams for the open cluster NGC 7510. The sample consists of 592 stars reaching down to V=21 mag. There appears to be non-uniform extinction over the face of the cluster with the value of colour excess, E(B-V), ranging from 1.0 to 1.3 mag. The law of interstellar extinction in the direction of the cluster is found to be normal. A broad main sequence is clearly visible in both colour-magnitude diagrams. From the bluest part of the colour-magnitude diagrams, the true distance modulus to the cluster has been estimated as 12.5±0.3 mag and an upper limit of 10 Myr has been assigned for the cluster age. (author)

  16. CCD camera automatic calibration technology and ellipse recognition algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Changku Sun; Xiaodong Zhang; Yunxia Qu

    2005-01-01

    A novel two-dimensional (2D) pattern used in camera calibration is presented. With one feature circle located at the center, an array of circles is photo-etched on this pattern. An ellipse recognition algorithm is proposed to implement the acquisition of interest calibration points without human intervention. According to the circle arrangement of the pattern, the relation between three-dimensional (3D) and 2D coordinates of these points can be established automatically and accurately. These calibration points are computed for intrinsic parameters calibration of charge-coupled device (CCD) camera with Tsai method. A series of experiments have shown that the algorithm is robust and reliable with the calibration error less than 0.4 pixel. This new calibration pattern and ellipse recognition algorithm can be widely used in computer vision.

  17. A progressive scan CCD image sensor for high speed photography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strunk, S.J.; Winzenread, R.

    1995-12-31

    The authors have developed a second generation CCD image sensor for high speed motion analysis. The 2/3 inch format device is constructed on a 16 {micro}m square pixel pitch with 512(H) x 512(V) active elements. Design is based on a progressive scan interline transfer architecture with a vertical overflow drain for blooming and exposure control. Full resolution is achieved at 1,000 frames per second by use of eight parallel outputs operating at a data rate of 40 MHz per tap. Other performance parameters include dynamic range of 62 dB, less than 1% image lag, and very low smear. This work details the essential design features and reports results of the preliminary evaluation.

  18. Rotational properties of asteroids: CCD observations of nine small asteroids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birlan, M.; Barucci, M. A.; Angeli, C. A.; Doressoundiram, A.; De Sanctis, M. C.

    1996-06-01

    The observational programme on small asteroids (diameter less than about 50 km) is continued to enlarge the available dataset of small asteroids. The results are presented of CCD observations of nine small asteroids ( D≤23 km), performed in France with the 1.2 m telescope at Haute Provence Observatory and with the 2 m telescope at Pic du Midi Observatory. A total of 27 single night lightcurves for nine asteroids were obtained. All the objects were observed for the first time and rotational periods have been determined for all of the observed asteroids: 1992 Galvarino ( Psyn = 7 h.004), 2419 Moldavia ( Psyn = 2 h.412), 2921 Sophocles ( Psyn = 4 h.778), 3247 Di Martino ( Psyn = 5 h.445), 3623 Chaplin ( Psyn = 8 h.361), 3986 Rozhkovskij ( Psyn = 4 h.26), 4436 1983 EX ( Psyn = 6 h.656), 5046 1981 DQ ( Psyn = 6 h.050) and 1992 YG3 ( Psyn = 8 h.91).

  19. Optimal CCD readout by digital correlated double sampling

    CERN Document Server

    Alessandri, Cristobal; Guzman, Dani; Passalacqua, Ignacio; Alvarez-Fontecilla, Enrique; Guarini, Marcelo

    2015-01-01

    Digital correlated double sampling (DCDS), a readout technique for charge-coupled devices (CCD), is gaining popularity in astronomical applications. By using an oversampling ADC and a digital filter, a DCDS system can achieve a better performance than traditional analogue readout techniques at the expense of a more complex system analysis. Several attempts to analyse and optimize a DCDS system have been reported, but most of the work presented in the literature has been experimental. Some approximate analytical tools have been presented for independent parameters of the system, but the overall performance and trade-offs have not been yet modelled. Furthermore, there is disagreement among experimental results that cannot be explained by the analytical tools available. In this work, a theoretical analysis of a generic DCDS readout system is presented, including key aspects such as the signal conditioning stage, the ADC resolution, the sampling frequency and the digital filter implementation. By using a time-dom...

  20. Method to implement the CCD timing generator based on FPGA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Binhua; Song, Qian; He, Chun; Jin, Jianhui; He, Lin

    2010-07-01

    With the advance of the PFPA technology, the design methodology of digital systems is changing. In recent years we develop a method to implement the CCD timing generator based on FPGA and VHDL. This paper presents the principles and implementation skills of the method. Taking a developed camera as an example, we introduce the structure, input and output clocks/signals of a timing generator implemented in the camera. The generator is composed of a top module and a bottom module. The bottom one is made up of 4 sub-modules which correspond to 4 different operation modes. The modules are implemented by 5 VHDL programs. Frame charts of the architecture of these programs are shown in the paper. We also describe implementation steps of the timing generator in Quartus II, and the interconnections between the generator and a Nios soft core processor which is the controller of this generator. Some test results are presented in the end.

  1. CCD identification and classification of 5 GHz radio sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deep CCD exposures of the optical fields of 19 previously unidentified 5 GHz sources have revealed 10 new optical counterparts, 2 marginal identifications, and 4 ''empty fields''; 3 sources are probably radio galaxies where no exact coincidence of the optical and radio positions is expected and only a tentative identification is given. The new optical counterparts are classified as stellar or extended (i.e. as galaxy) according to their optical appaearance. Two flatspectrum radio sources previously identified as galaxies are re-classified as stellar objects with neighbouring galaxies. The results support the view that, down to a limiting red magnitude of 23m, practically all strong 5 GHz sources can be identified and that, even among the optically faintest objects, flat-spectrum radio sources usually have a stellar intensity profile while many steep-spectrum sources are extended

  2. CCD polarimetry and photometry of 5 GHz radio sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fugmann, W.; Meisenheimer, K.

    1988-11-01

    We present CCD polarimetry of the optical counterparts of 48 radio sources selected from 5 GHz surveys. 37 sources were observed polarimetrically for the first time, 22 of which were fainter than R = 19/sup m/. One object, the blazar PKS 0219-164, was monitored continuously for almost a month. Based on polarization, we discovered 9 new blazars and a further 6 new probable blazars. Among the 38 sources with distinct polarimetric properties, the blazar detection rate is almost 50%. Much lower blazar detection rates reported in previous surveys of radio-loud quasars are mainly due to the contribution of quasars with steep radio spectra. Photometric and polarimetric observations of optically quiet compact radio sources (OQCRSs) indicate that many of these objects are blazars. Frequently, we found evidence of a galaxy contributing to the optical spectrum of an OQCRS. 0500+01 is the quasar with the steepest optical spectrum ever observed.

  3. CCD polarimetry and photometry of 5 GHz radio sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present CCD polarimetry of the optical counterparts of 48 radio sources selected from 5 GHz surveys. 37 sources were observed polarimetrically for the first time, 22 of which were fainter than R = 19m. One object, the blazar PKS 0219-164, was monitored continuously for almost a month. Based on polarization, we discovered 9 new blazars and a further 6 new probable blazars. Among the 38 sources with distinct polarimetric properties, the blazar detection rate is almost 50%. Much lower blazar detection rates reported in previous surveys of radio-loud quasars are mainly due to the contribution of quasars with steep radio spectra. Photometric and polarimetric observations of optically quiet compact radio sources (OQCRSs) indicate that many of these objects are blazars. Frequently, we found evidence of a galaxy contributing to the optical spectrum of an OQCRS. 0500+01 is the quasar with the steepest optical spectrum ever observed

  4. CCD identification and classification of 5 GHz radio sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fugmann, W. Meisenheimer, K.; Roeser, H.J.

    1988-10-01

    Deep CCD exposures of the optical fields of 19 previously unidentified 5 GHz sources have revealed 10 new optical counterparts, 2 marginal identifications, and 4 ''empty fields''; 3 sources are probably radio galaxies where no exact coincidence of the optical and radio positions is expected and only a tentative identification is given. The new optical counterparts are classified as stellar or extended (i.e. as galaxy) according to their optical appaearance. Two flatspectrum radio sources previously identified as galaxies are re-classified as stellar objects with neighbouring galaxies. The results support the view that, down to a limiting red magnitude of 23/sup m/, practically all strong 5 GHz sources can be identified and that, even among the optically faintest objects, flat-spectrum radio sources usually have a stellar intensity profile while many steep-spectrum sources are extended.

  5. CCD development for the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe research and development efforts directed towards the production of 4 k × 4 k, 15 μm-pixel, fully depleted CCDs for the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI). The requirements for DESI include the spectroscopic characterization of large numbers of faint galaxies at high redshift. The identification of the type and the determination of the redshift of the targeted galaxies require the use of thick, fully depleted CCDs with high quantum efficiency at near-infrared wavelengths. We describe our work to improve the CCD performance in terms of quantum efficiency and read noise. We also discuss efforts to reduce the level of image-distortion effects that have been observed on previous CCDs that are due to resistivity striations in the starting silicon and periodic errors in the photomasks used to produce the CCDs

  6. A fast double shutter system for CCD image sensors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new fast shutter system for CCD sensor-based cameras is presented. This system is capable of providing for the first time short exposure times for two consecutive frames recorded in fast succession with high spatial resolutions. In addition, a third frame can be recorded with a long exposure time, this then corresponding to the well-known ‘double shutter’. Measurement techniques such as particle image velocimetry (PIV) will benefit from the new fast shutter when being used in bright environments. Using the optional third frame, advanced evaluation schemes can be implemented to measure acceleration, increase the dynamic range of the velocity measurements or reduce the number of false matches (ghost particles) in tomographic PIV or particle tracking. It will be shown that for double-frame applications this new shutter timing outperforms even the latest commercially available single-chip high-speed cameras. (paper)

  7. Large area CCD image sensors for scientific applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blouke, M. M.; Heidtmann, D. L.; Corrie, B.; Lust, M. L.; Janesick, J. R.

    1985-01-01

    The designs of the 512 x 512 pixel and 2048 x 2048 pixel CCD sensors developed for scientific imaging are described. Both sensors are manufactured using the three phase, three level polysilicon gate technology, and the architecture of the chips is series-parallel-series. The components of the two different on-chip amplifiers are examined. The sensors are thinned and operated in the back side illumination mode to ensure the highest quantum efficiency. The performances of a number of front side illuminated devices and two thinned rear illuminated chips are evaluated. It is observed that the sensors equal or exceed their proposed charge transfer efficiency of 0.99999, the noise level of 2 e- and 20 e- at 50 kp/s, the quantum efficiency of 40 percent at 400 microns and 70 percent at 700 microns, and of the well capacity of greater than 500 ke-/pixel.

  8. CCD observations of the polarization of the Crab Nebula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CCD observations are used to map the intensity distribution and polarization of the optical synchrotron radiation of the Crab Nebula. The data indicate that the Crab Nebula has a large-scale magnetic field in which major variations generally occur over regions with sizes larger than 10 arcsec (0.1 pc). However, in the vicinity of the Crab pulsar, the polarization shows structure on a scale of a few arcsec. Evidence is found for a narrow depolarized channel extending from the pulsar to the region of the optical wisps in the synchrotron nebula. The results also confirm previous studies which show that the magnetic vectors of polarization are predominantly oriented parallel to the edges of the dark bays in the outer regions of the visible synchrotron nebulosity. This supports the suggestion that these regions of the Nebula are wrapped in magnetic field lines, and are therefore deficient in electrons capable of emitting synchrotron radiation. 33 refs

  9. CCD-based optical CT scanning of highly attenuating phantoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al-Nowais, Shamsa [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford (United Kingdom); Doran, Simon J [CRUK Clinical MR Research Group, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton (United Kingdom)], E-mail: Simon.Doran@icr.ac.uk

    2009-05-01

    The introduction of optical computed tomography (optical-CT) offers economic and easy to use 3-D optical readout for gel dosimeters. However, previous authors have noted some challenges regarding the accuracy of such imaging techniques at high values of optical density. In this paper, we take a closer look at the 'cupping' artefact evident in both light-scattering polymer systems and highly light absorbing phantoms using our CCD-based optical scanner. In addition, a technique is implemented whereby the maximum measurable optical absorbance is extended to correct for any errors that may have occurred in the estimated value of the dark current or ambient light reaching the detector. The results indicate that for absorbance values up to 2.0, the optical scanner results have good accuracy, whereas this is not the case at high absorbance values for reasons yet to be explained.

  10. Beam profile monitor using alumina screen and CCD camera

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A pair of beam profile monitors using alumina ceramic screens (Al2O3) and CCD cameras has been developed for diagnosis of a linac beam at the 1.3 GeV electron synchrotron of the Institute for Nuclear Study, the University of Tokyo (INS-ES). Since both the light decay-time of the screen and a shutter speed of the camera are relatively short, about 10 msec or less and 1 msec, respectively, this system is able to measure the beam profile for each pulse of the linac beam operated at a repetition rate of 21.5 Hz. Detailed analysis of the beam profile is made using the stored data on the personal computer. On the other hand, a light spot on the screen is displayed directly on a monitor display. (author)

  11. A tasseled cap transformation for CBERS-02B CCD data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li SHENG; Jing-feng HUANG; Xiao-lu TANG

    2011-01-01

    The tasseled cap transformation of remote sensing data has been widely used in agriculture,forest,ecology,and landscape.In this paper,tasseled cap transformation coefficients appropriate for data from a new sensor (China & Brazil Earth Resource Satellite (CBERS-02B)) are presented.The first three components after transformation captured 98% of the four-band variance,and represent the physical characteristics of brightness (coefficients:0.509,0.431,0.330,and 0.668),greenness (coefficients:-0.494,-0.318,-0.324,and 0.741),and blueness (coefficients:0.581,-0.070,-0.811,and 0.003),respectively.We hope these results will enhance the application of CBERS-02B charge-coupled device (CCD) data in the areas of agriculture,forest,ecology,and landscape.

  12. White-light interference fringe detection using color CCD camera

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Buchta, Zdeněk; Jedlička, Petr; Matějka, Milan; Kolařík, Vladimír; Mikel, Břetislav; Lazar, Josef; Číp, Ondřej

    Los Alamitos : IEEE, 2009, 5308093: 1-5. ISBN 978-1-4244-3918-8. [Africon 2009. Nairobi (KE), 23.09.2009-25.09.2009] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC06007; GA MŠk 2C06012; GA AV ČR KAN311610701; GA MPO 2A-1TP1/127; GA MPO FT-TA3/133; GA MPO 2A-3TP1/113; GA ČR GA102/07/1179; GA ČR GP102/09/P293; GA ČR GP102/09/P630; GA ČR GA102/09/1276 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20650511 Keywords : white- light source * phase-crossing algorithm * gauge block * color CCD camera Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers

  13. CCD photometry of the sparse halo cluster E3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New photometry in B and V for the sparse halo cluster E3 has been obtained with the prime-focus CCD camera at the CTIO 4-m telescope. The principal sequences are better defined than in the previous color-magnitude (C-M) diagrams, but the large scatter of evolved stars above the turnoff remains. The C-M morphology, inferred old age, and position in the halo definitely indicate that E3 is a globular cluster. Evidence for possible main-sequence binaries appears in the C-M diagram in the form of a sequence parallel to the cluster main sequence and three-quarters of a magnitude above it. The luminosity function drops off sharply, about 2.5 mag below the turnoff, supporting the suggestion by van den Bergh, Demers, and Kunkel (1980), that the cluster is severely truncated by tidal forces. 34 references

  14. A low-cost, CCD solid state star tracker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chmielowski, M.; Wynne, D.

    1992-01-01

    Applied Research Corporation (ARC) has developed an engineering model of a multi-star CCD-based tracker for space applications requiring radiation hardness, high reliability and low power consumption. The engineering unit compared favorably in functional performance tests to the standard NASA single-star tracker. Characteristics of the ARC star tracker are: field of view = 10 deg x 7.5 deg, sensitivity range of -1 to +5 star magnitude, NEA = 3 in x 3 in, linearity = 5 in x 5 in, and power consumption of 1-3 W (operating mode dependent). The software is upgradable through a remote link. The hardware-limited acquisition rate is 1-5 Hz for stars of +2 to +5 magnitude and 10-30 Hz for -1 to +2 magnitude stars. Mechanical and electrical interfaces are identical to the standard NASA star tracker.

  15. Clinical ultraviolet dosimetry with a CCD monochromator array spectroradiometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Andrew; Sarkany, Robert; Walker, Susan

    2008-09-01

    Single monochromator charge-coupled device (CCD) array spectroradiometers have the advantage of ease of use and speed compared with double grating instruments. Their inherently inferior stray-light rejection, however, can critically affect their accuracy in phototherapy and research-related dosimetry applications. This paper shows that without adequate correction the HR4000 (Ocean Optics Inc., Dunedin, USA) array device can overestimate the CIE erythema-weighted irradiance of common phototherapy sources and solar simulator beams by over 100%. A software stray-light correction (Ylianttila et al 2005 Photochem. Photobiol. 81 333-41), using the measured slit function of the HR4000, has been applied to spectra acquired from sources used in phototherapy and photobiology (PUVA, UV21, TL01 and solar simulator). The resulting corrected erythema-weighted irradiance measurements from the HR4000 are within 10% of those from a DM150 double grating spectroradiometer (Bentham Instruments Ltd, Reading, UK). A simple model is considered for combining estimates of measurement uncertainties. The importance of exposure bracketing to improve the dynamic range of the HR4000 is illustrated, along with the difficulty in making direct comparison of spectral values between two instruments due to wavelength scale uncertainties. Comparison with a double grating instrument in a solar simulator beam is examined here as a basis for validating CCD array device measurements. The study demonstrates that the HR4000 array spectroradiometer can provide an adequate level of accuracy for common phototherapy and photobiology applications only where a suitable stray-light correction is carefully applied and where the instrument's effective dynamic range is improved.

  16. Optimal CCD readout by digital correlated double sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alessandri, C.; Abusleme, A.; Guzman, D.; Passalacqua, I.; Alvarez-Fontecilla, E.; Guarini, M.

    2016-01-01

    Digital correlated double sampling (DCDS), a readout technique for charge-coupled devices (CCD), is gaining popularity in astronomical applications. By using an oversampling ADC and a digital filter, a DCDS system can achieve a better performance than traditional analogue readout techniques at the expense of a more complex system analysis. Several attempts to analyse and optimize a DCDS system have been reported, but most of the work presented in the literature has been experimental. Some approximate analytical tools have been presented for independent parameters of the system, but the overall performance and trade-offs have not been yet modelled. Furthermore, there is disagreement among experimental results that cannot be explained by the analytical tools available. In this work, a theoretical analysis of a generic DCDS readout system is presented, including key aspects such as the signal conditioning stage, the ADC resolution, the sampling frequency and the digital filter implementation. By using a time-domain noise model, the effect of the digital filter is properly modelled as a discrete-time process, thus avoiding the imprecision of continuous-time approximations that have been used so far. As a result, an accurate, closed-form expression for the signal-to-noise ratio at the output of the readout system is reached. This expression can be easily optimized in order to meet a set of specifications for a given CCD, thus providing a systematic design methodology for an optimal readout system. Simulated results are presented to validate the theory, obtained with both time- and frequency-domain noise generation models for completeness.

  17. VizieR Online Data Catalog: URAT Parallax Catalog (UPC) (Finch+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, C. T.; Zacharias, N.

    2016-04-01

    The URAT Parallax Catalog (UPC) consists of 112177 parallaxes. The catalog utilizes all Northern Hemisphere epoch data from the United States Naval Observatory (USNO) Robotic Astrometric Telescope (URAT). This data includes all individual exposures from April 2012 to June 2015 giving a larger epoch baseline for determining parallaxes over the 2-year span of the First USNO Robotic Astrometric Telescope Catalog (URAT1) (Zacharias et al., 2015, Cat. I/329) published data. The URAT parallax pipeline is custom code that utilizes routines from (Jao, C.-W., 2004, PhD thesis Georgia Stat), the JPL DE405 ephemeris and Green's parallax factor (Green, R.M., 1985, Spherical Astronomy) for determining parallaxes from a weighted least-squares reduction. The relative parallaxes have been corrected to absolute by using the distance color relation described in (Finch et. al, 2014, Cat. J/AJ/148/119) to determine a mean distance of all UCAC4 reference stars (R=8-16 mag) used in the astrometric reductions. Presented here are all significant parallaxes from the URAT Northern Hemisphere epoch data comprising of 2 groups: a) URAT parallax results for stars with prior published parallax, and b) first time trigonometric parallaxes as obtained from URAT data of stars without prior published parallax. Note, more stringent selection criteria have been applied to the second group than the first in order to keep the rate of false detections low. For specific information about the astrometric reductions please see 'The First U.S. Naval Observatory Robotic Astrometric Telescope Catalog' published paper (Zacharias et al., 2015AJ....150..101Z, Cat. I/329). For complete details regarding the parallax pipeline please see 'Parallax Results From URAT Epoch Data' (Finch and Zacharias, 2016, AJ, in press). This catalog gives all positions on the ICRS at Epoch J2014.0; it covers the magnitude range 6.56 to 16.93 in the URAT band-pass, with an average parallax precision of 4.3mas for stars having no known

  18. Proton radiation damage experiment on P-Channel CCD for an X-ray CCD camera onboard the ASTRO-H satellite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on a proton radiation damage experiment on P-channel CCD newly developed for an X-ray CCD camera onboard the ASTRO-H satellite. The device was exposed up to 109 protons cm−2 at 6.7 MeV. The charge transfer inefficiency (CTI) was measured as a function of radiation dose. In comparison with the CTI currently measured in the CCD camera onboard the Suzaku satellite for 6 years, we confirmed that the new type of P-channel CCD is radiation tolerant enough for space use. We also confirmed that a charge-injection technique and lowering the operating temperature efficiently work to reduce the CTI for our device. A comparison with other P-channel CCD experiments is also discussed. -- Author-Highlights: •We performed a proton radiation damage experiment on a new P-channel CCD. •The device was exposed up to 109 protons cm−2 at 6.7 MeV. •We confirmed that it is radiation tolerant enough for space use. •We confirmed that a charge-injection technique reduces the CTI. •We confirmed that lowering the operating temperature also reduces the CTI

  19. Study of Distortions in Statistics of Counts in CCD Observations using the Fano Factor

    CERN Document Server

    Afanasieva, I V

    2016-01-01

    Factors distorting the statistics of photocounts when acquiring objects with low fluxes were considered here. Measurements of the Fano factor for existing CCD systems were conducted. The study allows one to conclude on the quality of the CCD video signal processing channel. The optimal strategy for faint object observations was suggested.

  20. Calibration to the image position of CCD camera and correction of q profile measurement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calibration to the image position of CCD camera used in the HL-1M tokamak has been carried out. Based on the calibration, the safety factor profile measured with the CCD camera during pellet injection is corrected. Points for attention are discussed, and some measures for improvement are proposed

  1. Charge diffusion measurement in fully depleted CCD using X-rays

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kotov, I.V.; Frank, J.; Kotov, A.I.; Kubánek, Petr; O´Connor, P.; Radeka, V.; Takacs, P.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 695, Dec (2012), s. 296-297. ISSN 0168-9002 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100502 Keywords : CCD * charge diffusion * CCD X-ray detectors Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 1.142, year: 2012

  2. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Catalog of Earth-Like Exoplanet Survey Targets (Chandler+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler, C. O.; McDonald, I.; Kane, S. R.

    2016-07-01

    We present the Catalog of Earth-Like Exoplanet Survey Targets (CELESTA), a database of habitable zones around 37000 nearby stars. The first step in creating CELESTA was assembling the input data. The Revised Hipparcos Catalog (van Leeuwen 2007, Cat. I/311) is a stellar catalog based on the original Hipparcos mission (Perryman et al. 1997, Cat. I/239) data set. Hipparcos, launched in 1989, recorded with great precision the parallax of nearby stars, ultimately leading to a database of 118218 stars. McDonald et al. 2012 (cat. J/MNRAS/427/343) calculated effective temperatures and luminosities for the Hipparcos stars. The next step was selecting appropriate stars for the construction of CELESTA. The Stellar Parameter Catalog of 103663 stars included many stars that were not suitable for our purposes, especially stars off the Main-Sequence (MS) branch, e.g., giants. Please refer to Section 3.2 in the paper for additional details about the star selection. The final CELESTA catalog contains 37354 stars (see Table2), each with a set of associated attributes, e.g., estimated mass, measured distance. The complete database can also be found online at a dedicated host (http://www.celesta.info/). (2 data files).

  3. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Differential BV photometry of 5 variables in M79 (Bond+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bond, H. E.; Ciardullo, R.; Siegel, M. H.

    2016-07-01

    We have carried out a program of photometric monitoring of M79. The observations, made by Chilean service personnel, used the 1.3m Small & Moderate Aperture Research Telescope System (SMARTS) Consortium telescope at Cerro Tololo Interamerican Observatory (CTIO) and its ANDICAM CCD camera. Data were obtained on the M79 Post-Asymptotic-Giant-Branch (PAGB; RA=5:24:10.36, Dec=-24:29:20.6; the PAGB star is also cataloged as TYC 6479-422-1 and 2MASS J05241036-2429206) star and surrounding field on 224 nights between 2007 February 20 and 2011 May 8. On each night, two exposures of 30s each were obtained in B and in V. The usable field of view of these images is about 5.6'*5.6'. The data for the five variable stars are included in Table5. (3 data files).

  4. Catalog of data bases and reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burtis, M.D. [comp.

    1992-04-01

    The Catalog of Data Bases and Reports provides information about the many reports and other materials made available by the US Department of Energy`s Global Change Research Program (GCRP). It is divided into six sections plus an author and a title index: (1) Research plans and budget summaries (2) technical reports; (3) workshops, proceedings, and reports; (4) other reports; (5) USDA reports on response of vegetation to carbon dioxide; and, (6) numeric data packages and computer model packages.

  5. Catalog of data bases and reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burtis, M.D. (comp.)

    1992-04-01

    The Catalog of Data Bases and Reports provides information about the many reports and other materials made available by the US Department of Energy's Global Change Research Program (GCRP). It is divided into six sections plus an author and a title index: (1) Research plans and budget summaries (2) technical reports; (3) workshops, proceedings, and reports; (4) other reports; (5) USDA reports on response of vegetation to carbon dioxide; and, (6) numeric data packages and computer model packages.

  6. The BMW-Chandra Serendipitous Source Catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romano, P.; Campana, S.; Mignani, R. P.; Moretti, A.; Mottini, M.; Panzera, M. R.; Tagliaferri, G.

    2004-08-01

    We present the BMW-Chandra source catalog drawn from all Chandra ACIS-I pointed observations with an exposure time in excess of 10 ks public as of March 2003 (136 observations). Using the wavelet detection algorithm developed by Lazzati et al. (1999) and Campana et al. (1999), which can characterize point-like as well as extended sources, we identified 21325 sources. Among them, 16758 are serendipitous, i.e. not associated with the targets of the pointings, and do not require a non-automated analysis. This makes our catalog the largest compilation of Chandra sources to date. The 0.5--10 keV absorption corrected fluxes of these sources range from ˜ 3× 10-16 to 9×10-12 erg cm-2 s-1 with a median of 7× 10-15 erg cm-2 s-1. The catalog consists of count rates and relative errors in three energy bands (total, 0.5--7 keV; soft, 0.5--2 keV; and hard band, 2--7 keV), and source positions relative to the highest signal-to-noise detection among the three bands. The wavelet algorithm also provides an estimate of the extension of the source which we refined with a σ -clipping method. We report on the main properties of the sources in our catalog, such as sky coverage ( ˜ 8 deg2 at a limiting flux of ˜ 10-13 erg cm-2 s-1) and cosmological log N--log S for a subset at high Galactic latitude (∣ b ∣ > 20o) for a flux as low as ˜ 1.5 × 10-15 erg cm-2 s-1. Support for this work was provided by the Italian MIUR.

  7. High-Voltage Clock Driver for Photon-Counting CCD Characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Robert

    2013-01-01

    A document discusses the CCD97 from e2v technologies as it is being evaluated at Goddard Space Flight Center's Detector Characterization Laboratory (DCL) for possible use in ultra-low background noise space astronomy applications, such as Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph (TPF-C). The CCD97 includes a photoncounting mode where the equivalent output noise is less than one electron. Use of this mode requires a clock signal at a voltage level greater than the level achievable by the existing CCD (charge-coupled-device) electronics. A high-voltage waveform generator has been developed in code 660/601 to support the CCD97 evaluation. The unit generates required clock waveforms at voltage levels from -20 to +50 V. It deals with standard and arbitrary waveforms and supports pixel rates from 50 to 500 kHz. The system is designed to interface with existing Leach CCD electronics.

  8. System for Digital 1D-Image Processing with 1024 Pixel CCD Sensor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Misun

    1993-11-01

    Full Text Available The conception of system for digital 1D-images processing with digital CCD camera is presented. The system is created from these three basic parts: the digital CCD camera with linear image sensor CCD L133C, 8-bit interface and a personal computer. The scanning digital CCD camera generated a video signals, which are processed in the analog signal processor. The output signal is continually converted to 8-bit data words in A/D converter. This data words maybe transfer over a bus driver to the operation memory of personal computer, by setting one of the three work regimes of digital CCD camera. Some application possibilities and basic technical parameters of this system are given.

  9. The GALFA-HI Compact Cloud Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Saul, Destry R; Grcevich, J; Putman, M E; Douglas, K A; Korpela, E J; Stanimirovic, S; Heiles, C; Gibson, S J; Lee, M; Begum, A; Brown, A R H; Burkhart, B; Hamden, E T; Pingel, N M; Tonnesen, S

    2012-01-01

    We present a catalog of 1964 isolated, compact neutral hydrogen clouds from the Galactic Arecibo L-Band Feed Array Survey Data Release One (GALFA-HI DR1). The clouds were identified by a custom machine-vision algorithm utilizing Difference of Gaussian kernels to search for clouds smaller than 20'. The clouds have velocities typically between |VLSR| = 20-400 km/s, linewidths of 2.5-35 km/s, and column densities ranging from 1 - 35 \\times 10^18 cm^-2. The distances to the clouds in this catalog may cover several orders of magnitude, so the masses may range from less than a Solar mass for clouds within the Galactic disc, to greater than 10^4 Solar Masses for HVCs at the tip of the Magellanic Stream. To search for trends, we separate the catalog into five populations based on position, velocity, and linewidth: high velocity clouds (HVCs); galaxy candidates; cold low velocity clouds (LVCs); warm, low positive-velocity clouds in the third Galactic Quadrant; and the remaining warm LVCs. The observed HVCs are found t...

  10. An Emerging Magnetic Flux Catalog for SOHO/MDI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamb, Derek; Munoz-Jaramillo, Andres; DeForest, Craig

    2016-05-01

    We present a catalog of emerging magnetic flux events covering the entirety of the 15-year-long SOHO/MDI 96-minute magnetogram dataset. Such a catalog has myriad uses in studies of the solar dynamo and solar cycle. Our catalog is designed to mimic as nearly as possible the Emerging Flux region catalog produced for SDO/HMI, allowing continuity across missions and solar cycles. We will present details of the algorithm for identifying emerging flux events, special considerations for MDI as opposed to HMI, detailed examples of some detected emerging flux regions, and a brief overview of statistics of the entire catalog. The catalog will be available for querying through the Heliophysics Event Knowledgebase, as well as for direct downloading from Southwest Research Institute. This work has been supported by NASA Grant NNX14AJ67G through the Heliophysics Data Environment Enhancements program.

  11. Minimization of Biases in Galaxy Peculiar Velocity Catalogs

    CERN Document Server

    Sorce, Jenny G

    2015-01-01

    Galaxy distances and derived radial peculiar velocity catalogs constitute valuable datasets to study the dynamics of the Local Universe. However, such catalogs suffer from biases whose effects increase with the distance. Malmquist biases and lognormal error distribution affect the catalogs. Velocity fields of the Local Universe reconstructed with these catalogs present a spurious overall infall onto the Local Volume if they are not corrected for biases. Such an infall is observed in the reconstructed velocity field obtained when applying the BayesianWiener-Filter technique to the raw second radial peculiar velocity catalog of the Cosmicflows project. In this paper, an iterative method to reduce spurious non-Gaussianities in the radial peculiar velocity distribution, to retroactively derive overall better distance estimates resulting in a minimization of the effects of biases, is presented. This method is tested with mock catalogs. To control the cosmic variance, mocks are built out of different cosmological c...

  12. The cataloging of virtual communities of educational thematic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Korzh

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the current problem of investigation the specific of specialized catalog of educational virtual communities. Peculiarities of catalogs of virtual communities are formed. This study provides a method of organization of catalog of virtual communities of educational direction. This method is based on a formal model of virtual communities as an environment of information activity of the higher educational institutions. The result of the research is the method of socio-demographic characteristics identification of virtual communities' members. The formal models of internet-resources as an object of information activities mostly carried out in researches of internet-catalogs construction are formed. Thus, the primary task of this work is to develop the method of cataloging of virtual communities of educational direction and development of architecture and methods of organization of such catalog.

  13. A JEM-X Catalog of X-ray Sources

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westergaard, Niels Jørgen Stenfeldt

    2009-01-01

    . A search for weaker, persistent, sources has been done in deep mosaic images that have been produced with all available observations for a large number of sky regions. The two resulting catalogs hold 158 and 179 sources respectively, but the combined catalog consists of 209 sources. This catalog can...... be downloaded as a FITS binary table file with source information such as names, positions, and fluxes at the PoS web page for the conference....

  14. The cataloging of virtual communities of educational thematic

    OpenAIRE

    Roman Korzh; Andriy Peleschyshyn; Yuriy Syerov; Solomia Fedushko

    2014-01-01

    This article considers the current problem of investigation the specific of specialized catalog of educational virtual communities. Peculiarities of catalogs of virtual communities are formed. This study provides a method of organization of catalog of virtual communities of educational direction. This method is based on a formal model of virtual communities as an environment of information activity of the higher educational institutions. The result of the research is the method of socio-demog...

  15. The Catalog Management Strategy of Distributed Data Base Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周龙骧; 秦箕英

    1994-01-01

    In this paper the catalog management strategy of the successfully integrating and running DDBMS C-POREL is summarized.The new catalog management strategy and its implementation scheme are based on the analysis of the catalog management methods of the pioneer DDBMS.The goal of the new strategy is to improve the system efficiency.Analysis and practice show that this strategy is successful.

  16. The online catalog of Wind/EPACT proton events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miteva, R.; Samwel, S. W.; Costa-Duarte, M. V.; Danov, D.

    2016-07-01

    We present the newly compiled solar energetic particle catalog based on data from the Wind/EPACT instrument. The focus of this report is the online contents of the catalog's first version. We summarize the procedure employed to identify and analyze the proton events and their solar origin, which constitute the main ingredients of the online catalog. Planned future updates and improvements are also discussed.

  17. An Earthquake Catalog for Seismic Hazard Assessment in Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Beauval, Céline; Hugo YEPES; Palacios, Pablo; SEGOVIA, Monica; Alvarado, Alexandra,; Font, Yvonne; Aguilar, Jorge; TRONCOSO, Liliana; VACA, Sandro

    2013-01-01

    Building a unified and homogeneous earthquake catalog is a preliminary step for estimating probabilistic seismic hazard in a country. Ecuador, a territory of ?600 km×500 km, is characterized by an active seismicity, both in the shallow crust and in the subduction zone. Several international and local earthquake catalogs are available, covering different time and spatial windows, characterized by different magnitude types and uncertainties. After a careful analysis of each catalog, in particul...

  18. VizieR Online Data Catalog: 231 AGN candidates from the 2FGL catalog (Doert+, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doert, M.; Errando, M.

    2016-01-01

    The second Fermi-LAT source catalog (2FGL; Nolan et al. 2012, cat. J/ApJS/199/31) is the deepest all-sky survey available in the gamma-ray band. It contains 1873 sources, of which 576 remain unassociated. The Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope started operations in 2008. In this work, machine-learning algorithms are used to identify unassociated sources in the 2FGL catalog with properties similar to gamma-ray-emitting Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN). This analysis finds 231 high-confidence AGN candidates (see Table3). (1 data file).

  19. Maps and related cartographic materials cataloging, classification, and bibliographic control

    CERN Document Server

    Larsgarrd L, Mary

    2013-01-01

    Make maps and other cartographic materials more easily accessible and usable!Maps and Related Cartographic Materials: Cataloging, Classification, and Bibliographic Control is a format-focused reference manual for catalogers that should occupy a prominent place on your reference shelf.Outside of standard cartographic cataloging tools, the bibliographic treatment of all forms of cartographic materials has never been compiled into one useful source. This book separately examines the treatment of all major cartographic format types and outlines the way each should be cataloged.

  20. Perfecting the Photometric Calibration of the ACS CCD Cameras

    CERN Document Server

    Bohlin, Ralph C

    2016-01-01

    Newly acquired data and improved data reduction algorithms mandate a fresh look at the absolute flux calibration of the CCD cameras on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS). The goals are to achieve a 1\\% accuracy and to make this calibration more accessible to the HST guest investigator. Absolute fluxes from the CALSPEC\\footnote{http://www.stsci.edu/hst/observatory/crds/calspec.html} database for three primary hot 30,000--60,000K WDs define the sensitivity calibrations for the WFC and HRC filters. The external uncertainty for the absolute flux is $\\sim$1\\%, while the internal consistency of the sensitivities in the broadband ACS filters is $\\sim$0.3\\% among the three primary WD flux standards. For stars as cool as K type, the agreement with the CALSPEC standards is within 1\\% at the WFC1-1K subarray position, which achieves the 1\\% precision goal for the first time. After making a small adjustment to the filter bandpass for F814W, the 1\\% precision goal is achieved over the full ...

  1. CCD UBV photometry of the open cluster NGC 6819

    CERN Document Server

    Ak, T; Yontan, T; Bilir, S; Guver, T; Ak, S; Urgup, H; Paunzen, E

    2016-01-01

    We present the results of CCD UBV observations of the open cluster NGC 6819. We calculated the stellar density profile in the cluster's field to determine the structural parameters of NGC 6819. Using the existing astrometric data, we calculated the probabilities of the stars being physical members of the cluster, and used these objects in the determination of the astrophysical parameters of NGC 6819. We inferred the reddening and metallicity of the cluster as $E(B-V)=0.130\\pm0.035$ mag and $[Fe/H]=+0.051\\pm 0.020$ dex, respectively, using the U-B vs B-V two-colour diagram and UV excesses of the F-G type main-sequence stars. We fit the colour-magnitude diagrams of NGC6819 with the PARSEC isochrones and derived the distance modula, distance and age of the cluster as $\\mu_{V}=12.22\\pm 0.10$ mag, $d=2309\\pm106$ pc and $t=2.4\\pm0.2$ Gyr, respectively. The parameters of the galactic orbit estimated for NGC 6819 indicate that the cluster is orbiting in a slightly eccentric orbit of $e=0.06$ with a period of $P_{orb}...

  2. VME image acquisition and processing using standard TV CCD cameras

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ESRF has released the first version of a low-cost image acquisition and processing system based on a industrial VME board and commercial CCD TV cameras. The images from standard CCIR (625 lines) or EIA (525 lines) inputs are digitised with 8-bit dynamic range and stored in a general purpose frame buffer to be processed by the embedded firmware. They can also be transferred to a UNIX workstation through the network for display in a X11 window, or stored in a file for off-line processing with image analysis packages like KHOROS, IDL, etc. The front-end VME acquisition system can be controlled with a Graphic Users' Interface (GUI) based on X11/Motif running under UNIX. The first release of the system is in operation and allows one to observe and analyse beam spots around the accelerators. The system has been extended make it possible to position a micro sample (less than 10 μm2) not visible to the naked eye. This system is a general purpose image acquisition system which may have wider applications. ((orig.))

  3. The Spectrum of Quantum Dots Film for UV CCD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Jiang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A new kind of UV-responsive film with quantum dots (QDs fabricated by a spin-coating method is proposed in this paper. In a previous study, the monolayer QDs film is deposited onto fused silica slides by the spin-coating way, which has some luminous problem. The introduction of composite QDs coating which adds PEDOT:PSS and poly-TPD films to the monolayer QDs film is found to have excellent performance. The reason can be that PEDOT:PSS and poly-TPD weaken the scattering and enhance the emitting of quantum dot fluorescence. The intensity of photoluminescence (PL for composite QDs coating is dozens of times stronger than that for monolayer QDs film. Experiment results show that this composite coating has excellent fluorescent properties and emits a blue purple glow together a wide excitation spectrum field from 190 nm to 300 nm. The spectrum of the composite coating matches accurately with the detected zone of CCD, which achieves an outstanding UV-responsive coating for conventional silicon-based image sensors.

  4. CCD imaging technology and the war on crime

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNeill, Glenn E.

    1992-08-01

    Linear array based CCD technology has been successfully used in the development of an Automatic Currency Reader/Comparator (ACR/C) system. The ACR/C system is designed to provide a method for tracking US currency in the organized crime and drug trafficking environments where large amounts of cash are involved in illegal transactions and money laundering activities. United States currency notes can be uniquely identified by the combination of the denomination serial number and series year. The ACR/C system processes notes at five notes per second using a custom transport a stationary linear array and optical character recognition (OCR) techniques to make such identifications. In this way large sums of money can be " marked" (using the system to read and store their identifiers) and then circulated within various crime networks. The system can later be used to read and compare confiscated notes to the known sets of identifiers from the " marked" set to document a trail of criminal activities. With the ACR/C law enforcement agencies can efficiently identify currency without actually marking it. This provides an undetectable means for making each note individually traceable and facilitates record keeping for providing evidence in a court of law. In addition when multiple systems are used in conjunction with a central data base the system can be used to track currency geographically. 1.

  5. Background Studies for the pn-CCD Detector of CAST

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) experiment searches for axions from the Sun converted into photons with energies up to around 10 keV via the inverse Primakoff effect in the high magnetic field of a superconducting Large Hadron Collider (LHC) prototype magnet. A backside illuminated pn-CCD detector in conjunction with an X-ray mirror optics is one of the three detectors used in CAST to register the expected photon signal. Since this signal is very rare a detailed study of the detector background has been undertaken with the aim to understand and further reduce the background level of the detector. The analysis is based on measured data taken during the data taking period of 2003 and 2004 of CAST and on Monte Carlo simulations of background with different origin. The background study performed for this detector show that the level of background (8.00±0.07)x10-5 counts cm-2 s-1 keV-1 between 1 and 7 keV is dominated by the external gamma background due to natural activities at the experimental site, while radioactive impurities in the detector itself and cosmic neutrons contribute with a smaller fraction

  6. 32-megapixel dual-color CCD imaging system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stubbs, Christopher W.; Marshall, Stuart; Cook, Kenneth H.; Hills, Robert F.; Noonan, Joseph; Akerlof, Carl W.; Alcock, Charles R.; Axelrod, Timothy S.; Bennett, D.; Dagley, K.; Freeman, K. C.; Griest, Kim; Park, Hye-Sook; Perlmutter, Saul; Peterson, Bruce A.; Quinn, Peter J.; Rodgers, A. W.; Sosin, C.; Sutherland, W. J.

    1993-07-01

    We have developed an astronomical imaging system that incorporates a total of eight 2048 X 2048 pixel CCDs into two focal planes, to allow simultaneous imaging in two colors. Each focal plane comprises four 'edge-buttable' detector arrays, on custom Kovar mounts. The clocking and bias voltage levels for each CCD are independently adjustable, but all the CCDs are operated synchronously. The sixteen analog outputs (two per chip) are measured at 16 bits with commercially available correlated double sampling A/D converters. The resulting 74 MBytes of data per frame are transferred over fiber optic links into dual-ported VME memory. The total readout time is just over one minute. We obtain read noise ranging from 6.5 e- to 10 e- for the various channels when digitizing at 34 Kpixels/sec, with full well depths (MPP mode) of approximately 100,000 e- per 15 micrometers X 15 micrometers pixel. This instrument is currently being used in a search of gravitational microlensing from compact objects in our Galactic halo, using the newly refurbished 1.3 m telescope at the Mt. Stromlo Observatory, Australia.

  7. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Parallaxes for 1507 nearby mid-to-late M dwarfs (Dittmann+, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dittmann, J. A.; Irwin, J. M.; Charbonneau, D.; Berta-Thompson, Z. K.

    2016-08-01

    The MEarth Observatory is an array consisting of eight identical f/9 40cm Ritchey-Chretien telescopes on German equatorial mounts at the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory on Mount Hopkins, Arizona. The telescopes are controlled robotically and collect data every clear night from September through July. The facility is closed every August for the summer monsoons. Each telescope contains a 2048*2048 pixel CCD with a pixel scale of ~0.76/pixel and a Schott RG715 glass filter with anti-reflection coating. The cutoff is defined by the CCD response, and the effective bandpass is similar to the union of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey i and z filters. The MEarth target list consists of ~1800 nearby M dwarfs selected from Lepine 2005 (cat. J/AJ/130/1680), a subset of the LSPM-North catalog (Lepine & Shara 2005, cat. I/298) believed to be within 33pc of the Sun. The subset of the MEarth sample presented here includes 1507 mid-to-late M dwarfs (see Table2) for which we can obtain reliable results. Of the 1507 stars, 1267 had no previous trigonometric parallax measurement. The data presented here covers the time period from 2008 September through 2013 July. (1 data file).

  8. Development of the x-ray CCD for SXI on board ASTRO-H

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ueda, Shutaro; Hayashida, Kiyoshi; Nakajima, Hiroshi; Anabuki, Naohisa; Uchida, Hiroyuki; Tsunemi, Hiroshi; Fujikawa, Mari; Mori, Hideki; Kohmura, Takayoshi; Watanabe, Tatsuo; Kawai, Kohei; Ikeda, Shoma; Kaneko, Kenta; Sakata, Kazuya; Todoroki, Shotaro; Mizuno, Hideki; Yagihashi, Nobuyoshi; Dotani, Tadayasu; Ozaki, Masanobu; Tsuru, Takeshi Go; Muramatsu, Masaharu; Suzuki, Hisanori; Takagi, Shin'ichiro

    2011-09-01

    We report on the development of the X-ray CCD for the soft X-ray imager (SXI) onboard ASTRO-H. SXI CCDs are P-channel, back-illuminated type manufactured by Hamamatsu Photonics K. K. Experiments with prototype CCD for the SXI shows the device has a depletion layer as thick as 200μm, high efficiency for hard X-rays. By irradiating soft X-rays to the prototype CCD for the SXI. At the same time, we found a significant low energy tail in the soft X-ray response of the SXI prototype CCD. We thus made several small size CCD chips with different treatment in processing the surface layers. CCDs with one of the surface layers treatment show a low energy tail of which intensity is one order of magnitude smaller than that of the original SXI prototype CCD for 0.5keV X-ray incidence. The same treatment will be applied to the flight model CCDs of the SXI. We also performed experiments to inject charge with the SXI prototype CCD, which is needed to mitigate the radiation damage in the orbit. We investigated the operation conditions of the charge injection. Using the potential equilibration method, charges are injected in each column homogeneously, though the amount of the charge must be larger than 20ke-.

  9. The carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase CCD2 catalysing the synthesis of crocetin in spring crocuses and saffron is a plastidial enzyme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahrazem, Oussama; Rubio-Moraga, Angela; Berman, Judit; Capell, Teresa; Christou, Paul; Zhu, Changfu; Gómez-Gómez, Lourdes

    2016-01-01

    The apocarotenoid crocetin and its glycosylated derivatives, crocins, confer the red colour to saffron. Crocetin biosynthesis in saffron is catalysed by the carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase CCD2 (AIG94929). No homologues have been identified in other plant species due to the very limited presence of crocetin and its derivatives in the plant kingdom. Spring Crocus species with yellow flowers accumulate crocins in the stigma and tepals. Four carotenoid CCDs, namely CaCCD1, CaCCD2 and CaCCD4a/b and CaCCD4c were first cloned and characterized. CaCCD2 was localized in plastids, and a longer CCD2 version, CsCCD2L, was also localized in this compartment. The activity of CaCCD2 was assessed in Escherichia coli and in a stable rice gene function characterization system, demonstrating the production of crocetin in both systems. The expression of all isolated CCDs was evaluated in stigma and tepals at three key developmental stages in relation with apocarotenoid accumulation. CaCCD2 expression parallels crocin accumulation, but C14 apocarotenoids most likely are associated to the CaCCD1 activity in Crocus ancyrensis flowers. The specific CCD2 localization and its membrane interaction will contribute to the development of a better understanding of the mechanism of crocetin biosynthesis and regulation in the chromoplast. PMID:26377696

  10. Data Acquisition and Control System for High-Performance Large-Area CCD Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Afanasieva, I V

    2015-01-01

    Astronomical CCD systems based on second-generation DINACON controllers were developed at the SAO RAS Advanced Design Laboratory more than seven years ago and since then have been in constant operation at the 6-meter and Zeiss-1000 telescopes. Such systems use monolithic large-area CCDs. We describe the software developed for the control of a family of large-area CCD systems equipped with a DINACON-II controller. The software suite serves for acquisition, primary reduction, visualization, and storage of video data, and also for the control, setup, and diagnostics of the CCD system.

  11. The in-flight spectroscopic performance of the Swift XRT CCD camera during 2006-2007

    OpenAIRE

    Godet, O.; Beardmore, A. P.; Abbey, A. F.; Osborne, J. P.; Page, K. L.; Tyler, L.; Burrows, D. N.; Evans, P.; Starling, R.; Wells, A. A.; Angelini, L; S. Campana; Chincarini, G.; Citterio, O.; Cusumano, G.

    2007-01-01

    The Swift X-ray Telescope focal plane camera is a front-illuminated MOS CCD, providing a spectral response kernel of 135 eV FWHM at 5.9 keV as measured before launch. We describe the CCD calibration program based on celestial and on-board calibration sources, relevant in-flight experiences, and developments in the CCD response model. We illustrate how the revised response model describes the calibration sources well. Comparison of observed spectra with models folded through the instrument res...

  12. The in-flight spectroscopic calibration of the Swift XRT CCD camera

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Swift X-ray Telescope (XRT) focal plane camera houses a front-illuminated MOS CCD, providing a spectral response of 145 eV FWHM at 5.9 keV. We describe the status of the CCD X-ray spectral redistribution matrices, which are made using a Monte-Carlo simulation technique based on physical models of the CCD response. We emphasize how the model has been refined following in-flight experience with celestial and on-board calibration sources. Residuals less than 10% are typically observed for astrophysical sources

  13. Searching for bulk motions in the ICM of massive, merging clusters with Chandra CCD data

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Ang; Tozzi, Paolo; Zhu, Zong-Hong

    2016-01-01

    We search for bulk motions in the Intra Cluster Medium (ICM) of massive clusters showing evidence of an ongoing or a recent major merger, with spatially resolved spectroscopy in {\\sl Chandra} CCD data. We identify a sample of 6 merging clusters with >150 ks {\\sl Chandra} exposure in the redshift range 0.1 1000$ km/s in the ICM of massive merging clusters at 0.1 < z < 0.3. Despite the CCD spectral resolution is not sufficient for a detailed analysis of the ICM dynamics, {\\sl Chandra} CCD data constitute a key diagnostic tool complementary to X-ray bolometers onboard future X-ray missions.

  14. Curriculum-Based Cataloging and the New Metadata: Cataloging beyond the World of MARC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamich, Tom

    2007-01-01

    From earliest beginnings in the 1990s, cataloging in school libraries is the product of three tasks--listing important details about an item (such as author, size, number of pages), selecting words and phrases that describe the item (such as subject headings, summary notes), and choosing numbers and codes that place the item on the shelf (such as…

  15. A Catalog of z=3.1 Lyman Alpha Emitting Galaxies Discovered in Narrow-band Imaging of MUSYC 1030+05

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christenson, Holly; Gangolli, Nakul; Raney, Catie Ann; Walker, Jean P.; Gawiser, Eric J.; MUSYC Collaboration

    2016-01-01

    We present a catalog of ~200 Lyman Alpha Emitting galaxies (LAEs) at redshift z=3.1 found in a 5015 Å narrow-band image of the MUSYC 1030+05 field. We reduced raw optical images taken with the MOSAIC II CCD camera at the CTIO 4m telescope with the IRAF MSCRED package. The reduction included the crucial steps of bias subtraction, flat-field correction, cosmic ray and satellite trail rejection, astrometric calibration, tangent plane projection, weighted stacking, and sky background removal. Our initial catalog of sources detected in the narrow-band filter contains ~20,000 sources. We used additional photometric measurements in the MUSYC broad-band filters to identify LAEs via their flux density excess in the narrow-band. This catalog of LAEs will undergo further analysis to characterize how the number density, clustering, colors, and star formation rates of LAEs vary with position and evolve with redshift.We gratefully acknowledge support from NSF grants AST-1055919 & PHY-1263280.

  16. Catalog of risks extended and updated

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A large variety of risks are quantified in terms of the loss of life expectancy they cause in the United States. Risks considered include the following: diseases; accidents of various types at home, at work, in public, and in motor vehicles; unemployment; poor social connections; use of small cars; smoking; air pollution; other environmental pollutants leading to cancer and non-cancer effects; purposely ingested substances; sports participation; geography; medical care; epidemics; natural hazards; socioeconomic factors; Rn and other radiation; and energy conservation. A few suggestions for applications of this catalog of risks are offered

  17. Environment, safety and health training catalog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ES ampersand H Training Catalog is a tool to assist managers in determining which training courses they require their employees to complete. The narrative description under ''Who Shall Attend'' describes the characteristics of the employees and contractors under the direction of Sandia who are required by law, regulation, DOE Order, or SNL Directive to complete the training in order to be in compliance. The narrative is ''Who Should Attend'' describes the individuals for which the course is 'highly recommended,'' although they are not mandated to attend

  18. Evaluation and cataloging of Korean historical earthquakes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Kew Hwa; Han, Young Woo; Lee, Jun Hui; Park, Ji Eok; Na, Kwang Wooing; Shin, Byung Ju [The Reaearch Institute of Basic Sciences, Seoul Nationl Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-03-15

    Historical earthquake data of the Korean Peninsula which are very important is evaluating seismicity and seismic hazard of the peninsula were collected and analyzed by seismologist and historian. A preliminary catalog of Korean historical earthquake data translated in English was made. Felt places of 528 events felt at more than 2 places were indicated on maps and MMI III isoseismal were drawn for 52 events of MMI{>=}VII. Epicenters and intensities of these MMI{>=}VII events were estimated from these isoseismal maps.

  19. Evaluation and cataloging of Korean historical earthquakes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Historical earthquake data of the Korean Peninsula which are very important is evaluating seismicity and seismic hazard of the peninsula were collected and analyzed by seismologist and historian. A preliminary catalog of Korean historical earthquake data translated in English was made. Felt places of 528 events felt at more than 2 places were indicated on maps and MMI III isoseismal were drawn for 52 events of MMI≥VII. Epicenters and intensities of these MMI≥VII events were estimated from these isoseismal maps

  20. Konus catalog of SGR activity to 2000

    CERN Document Server

    Aptekar, R L; Golenetskii, S V; Ilinskii, V N; Mazets, E P; Palshin, V D; Butterworth, P S; Cline, T L

    2000-01-01

    Observational data on the bursting activity of all five known Soft Gamma Repeaters are presented. This information was obtained with Konus gamma-ray burst experiments on board Venera 11-14, Wind, and Kosmos-2326 spacecraft in the period from 1978 to 2000. These data on appearance rates, time histories, and energy spectra of repeated soft bursts obtained with similar instruments and collected together in a comparable form should be useful for further studies of SGRs. (available at http://www.ioffe.rssi.ru/LEA/SGR/Catalog/).

  1. VizieR Online Data Catalog: The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (Mason+ 2001-2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, B. D.; Wycoff, G. L.; Hartkopf, W. I.; Douglass, G. G.; Worley, C. E.

    2016-07-01

    The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (WDS) is the successor to the Index Catalogue of Visual Double Stars, 1961.0 (IDS; Jeffers and van den Bos, Publ. Lick Obs. 21). Three earlier double star catalogs in XXth century, those by Burnham (BDS, 1906, "General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), Innes (SDS, 1927, "Southern Double Star Catalogue -19 to -90 degrees", Union Observatory, Johannesburg, South Africa), and Aitken (ADS, 1932 "New General Catalogue of Double Stars within 121 degrees of the North Pole", Carnegie Institution of Washington), each covered only a portion of the sky. Both the IDS and the WDS cover the entire sky, and the WDS is intended to contain all known visual double stars for which at least one differential measure has been published. The WDS is continually updated as published data become available. Prior to this, three major updates have been published (Worley and Douglass 1984, "Washington Visual Double Star Catalog, 1984.0", U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington; Worley and Douglass 1997A&AS..125..523W, Cat. I/237; Mason, Wycoff, Hartkopf, Douglass and Worley 2001AJ....122.3466M; and Mason et al. 2006.5). The Washington Double Star Catalog (WDS) has seen numerous changes since the last major release of the catalog. The application of many techniques and considerable industry over the past few years has yielded significant gains in both the number of systems and the number of measures. Is is maintained by the US Naval Observatory, and represents the world's principal database of astrometric double and multiple star information. The WDS contains positions (J2000), discoverer designations, epochs, position angles, separations, magnitudes, spectral types, proper motions, and, when available, Durchmusterung numbers and notes for the components of the systems. (3 data files).

  2. RLMS Micro-File: Current State of Catalog Card Reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nitecki, Joseph Z., Comp.

    Intended as a working tool for the administrators of library reprographic processes, this compilation includes 22 papers dealing with the technology of card reproduction for library catalogs. Among the reproduction devices discussed are the Copy Cat camera, the Cataloger's Camera, the Olivetti Enlarging Copier, and the IBM Magnetic Tape Selectric…

  3. A Modern Update and Usage of Historical Variable Star Catalogs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagnotta, Ashley; Graur, Or; Murray, Zachary; Kruk, Julia; Christie-Dervaux, Lucien; Chen, Dong Yi

    2015-01-01

    One of the earliest modern variable star catalogs was constructed by Henrietta Swan Leavitt during her tenure at the Harvard College Observatory (HCO) in the early 1900s. Originally published in 1908, Leavitt's catalog listed 1777 variables in the Magellanic Clouds (MCs). The construction and analysis of this catalog allowed her to subsequently discover the Cepheid period-luminosity relationship, now known as the Leavitt Law. The MC variable star catalogs were updated and expanded by Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin in 1966 and 1971. Although newer studies of the MC variables have been performed since then, the new information has not always been correlated with the old due to a lack of modern descriptors of the stars listed in the Harvard MC catalogs. We will discuss the history of MC variable star catalogs, especially those compiled using the HCO plates, as well as our modernized version of the Leavitt and Payne-Gaposchkin catalogs. Our modern catalog can be used in conjunction with the archival plates (primarily via the Digital Access to a Sky Century @ Harvard scanning project) to study the secular behavior of the MC variable stars over the past century.

  4. Psychology Teaching Resources in the MERLOT Digital Learning Objects Catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinthaupt, Thomas M.; Pilati, Michelle L.; King, Beverly R.

    2008-01-01

    MERLOT (Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching) is a free multidisciplinary catalog of digital learning materials, peer reviews, learning assignments, and member comments designed to facilitate faculty instruction. The catalog's goal is to expand the quantity and quality of peer-reviewed online teaching materials. We…

  5. A Cosmic Void Catalog of SDSS DR12 BOSS Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Mao, Qingqing; Scherrer, Robert J; Scoccimarro, Roman; Tinker, Jeremy L; McBride, Cameron K; Neyrinck, Mark C; Schneider, Donald P; Pan, Kaike; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor

    2016-01-01

    We present a cosmic void catalog using the large-scale structure galaxy catalog from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS). This galaxy catalog is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 12 and is the final catalog of SDSS-III. We take into account the survey boundaries, masks, and angular and radial selection functions, and apply the ZOBOV void finding algorithm to the galaxy catalog. After making quality cuts to ensure that the voids represent real underdense regions, we identify 1228 voids with effective radii spanning the range 20-100Mpc/h and with central densities that are, on average, 30% of the mean sample density. We discuss the basic statistics of voids, such as their size and redshift distributions, and measure the radial density profile of the voids via a stacking technique. In addition, we construct mock void catalogs from 1000 mock galaxy catalogs, and find that the properties of BOSS voids are in good agreement with those in the mock catalogs. We compare the stella...

  6. Teaching the Cataloging of Non-Book Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frost, Carolyn O.

    1978-01-01

    Courses in cataloging nonbook media should include diverse cataloging codes and a wide variety of media. Related areas of concern include the objectives of an access system for nonbook media and the means by which these objectives are achievable. Films are used to illustrate this approach. (Author/MBR)

  7. Comparative Notes on Various Non-Book Cataloging Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez-Nieto, Catherine

    1975-01-01

    Four systems for cataloging non-book learning aids are examined: AECT (formerly DAVI), LC, UCBLL, and RCAT. A table is given listing the order of cataloging elements, the size of each collection, the purpose, the medium (phonocords, magnetic tapes, etc.), the sources, the users, and the filing system. (SC)

  8. An Experiment in Enhancing Catalog Records at Carnegie Mellon University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalak, Thomas J.

    1990-01-01

    Describes an experimental project at Carnegie Mellon University to enhance catalog records in order to improve the quality of the records and access to resources. Criteria for selecting books for enhanced cataloging and implementation of enhancement procedures are discussed. Several sample screen displays are included. (Three references) (MES)

  9. IMPROVED RANDOMIZED ALGORITHM FOR THE EQUIVALENT 2-CATALOG SEGMENTATION PROBLEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    An improved randomized algorithm of the equivalent 2-catalog segmentation problem is presented. The result obtained in this paper makes some progress to answer the open problem by analyze this algorithm with performance guarantee. A 0.6378-approximation for the equivalent 2-catalog segmentation problem is obtained.

  10. FRBR Cataloging's Future Is Closer than You Think!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamich, Tom

    2007-01-01

    Through the decades, the kinds of materials found in libraries have grown and changed, adapting to the needs of library users as well as economic, social, and even environmental factors. Similarly, the presentation format for cataloging content has changed. Another change is about to emerge in cataloging, and its name is FRBR (Functional…

  11. The library as a reference tool: online catalogs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, M.

    1991-01-01

    Online catalogs are computerized listings of materials in a particular library or group of libraries. General characteristics of online catalogs include ability for searching interactively and for locating descriptions of books, maps, and reports on regional or topical geology. Suggestions for searching, evaluating results, modifying searches, and limitations of searching are presented. -Author

  12. Library of Congress Cataloging Directorate Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Cataloging Directorate.

    This fiscal year 2002 annual report of the Library of Congress (LC) Cataloging Directorate covers the following topics: (1) production and productivity; (2) arrearage reduction; (3) the aftermath of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001; (4) cooperative cataloging programs; (5) conversion of LC records in Chinese from Wade-Giles to pinyin…

  13. An Inquiry into Library of Congress Cataloging Delays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hellen, George B., Jr.

    1971-01-01

    Two problems related to the delay in Library of Congress cataloging which are beyond the control of the Library of Congress are presented. It is concluded that some explanation should be given of the priority system of cataloging employed by the Library of Congress, and that steps must be taken to alleviate the printing backlog. (16 references)…

  14. Discriminação de variedades de citros em imagens CCD/CBERS-2 Discrimination of citrus varieties using CCD/CBERS-2 satellite imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ieda Del'Arco Sanches

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve o objetivo de avaliar as imagens CCD/CBERS-2 quanto à possibilidade de discriminarem variedades de citros. A área de estudo localiza-se em Itirapina (SP e, para este estudo, foram utilizadas imagens CCD de três datas (30/05/2004, 16/08/2004 e 11/09/2004. Um modelo que integra os elementos componentes da cena citrícola sensoriada é proposto com o objetivo de explicar a variabilidade das respostas das parcelas de citros em imagens orbitais do tipo CCD/CBERS-2. Foram feitas classificações pelos algoritmos Isoseg e Maxver e, de acordo com o índice kappa, concluiu-se que é possível obterem-se exatidões qualificadas como muito boas, sendo que as melhores classificações foram conseguidas com imagens da estação seca.This paper was aimed at evaluating the possibility of discriminating citrus varieties in CCD imageries from CBERS-2 satellite ("China-Brazil Earth Resouces Satellite". The study area is located in Itirapina, São Paulo State. For this study, three CCD images from 2004 were acquired (May 30, August 16, and September 11. In order to acquire a better understanding and for explaining the variability of the spectral behavior of the citrus areas in orbital images (like as the CCD/CBERS-2 images a model that integrates the elements of the citrus scene is proposed and discussed. The images were classified by Isoseg and MaxVer classifiers. According to kappa index, it was possible to obtain classifications qualified as 'very good'. The best results were obtained with the images from the dry season.

  15. CHANDRA ACIS Survey of X-Ray Point Sources: The Source Catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Song; Liu, Jifeng; Qiu, Yanli; Bai, Yu; Yang, Huiqin; Guo, Jincheng; Zhang, Peng

    2016-06-01

    The Chandra archival data is a valuable resource for various studies on different X-ray astronomy topics. In this paper, we utilize this wealth of information and present a uniformly processed data set, which can be used to address a wide range of scientific questions. The data analysis procedures are applied to 10,029 Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer observations, which produces 363,530 source detections belonging to 217,828 distinct X-ray sources. This number is twice the size of the Chandra Source Catalog (Version 1.1). The catalogs in this paper provide abundant estimates of the detected X-ray source properties, including source positions, counts, colors, fluxes, luminosities, variability statistics, etc. Cross-correlation of these objects with galaxies shows that 17,828 sources are located within the D 25 isophotes of 1110 galaxies, and 7504 sources are located between the D 25 and 2D 25 isophotes of 910 galaxies. Contamination analysis with the log N–log S relation indicates that 51.3% of objects within 2D 25 isophotes are truly relevant to galaxies, and the “net” source fraction increases to 58.9%, 67.3%, and 69.1% for sources with luminosities above 1037, 1038, and 1039 erg s‑1, respectively. Among the possible scientific uses of this catalog, we discuss the possibility of studying intra-observation variability, inter-observation variability, and supersoft sources (SSSs). About 17,092 detected sources above 10 counts are classified as variable in individual observation with the Kolmogorov–Smirnov (K–S) criterion (P K–S sources observed more than once and 11,843 sources observed 10 times or more, offering us a wealth of data with which to explore the long-term variability. There are 1638 individual objects (∼2350 detections) classified as SSSs. As a quite interesting subclass, detailed studies on X-ray spectra and optical spectroscopic follow-up are needed to categorize these SSSs and pinpoint their properties. In addition, this survey can

  16. PSF and MTF measurement methods for thick CCD sensor characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takacs, P. Z.; Kotov, I.; Frank, J.; O'Connor, P.; Radeka, V.; Lawrence, D. M.

    2010-07-01

    Knowledge of the point spread function (PSF) of the sensors to be used in the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) camera is essential for optimal extraction of subtle galaxy shape distortions caused by gravitational weak lensing. We have developed a number of techniques for measuring the PSF of candidate CCD sensors to be used in the LSST camera, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. The two main optical PSF measurement techniques that we use are the direct Virtual Knife Edge (VKE) scan as developed by Karcher, et al.1 and the indirect interference fringe method after Andersen and Sorensen2 that measures the modulation transfer function (MTF) directly. The PSF is derived from the MTF by Fourier transform. Other non-optical PSF measurement techniques that we employ include 55Fe x-ray cluster image size measurements and statistical distribution analysis, and cosmic ray muon track size measurements, but are not addressed here. The VKE technique utilizes a diffraction-limited spot produced by a Point-Projection Microscope (PPM) that is scanned across the sensor with sub-pixel resolution. This technique closely simulates the actual operating condition of the sensor in the telescope with the source spot size having an f/# close to the actual telescope design value. The interference fringe method uses a simple equal-optical-path Michelson-type interferometer with a single-mode fiber source that produces interference fringes with 100% contrast over a wide spatial frequency range sufficient to measure the MTF of the sensor directly. The merits of each measurement technique and results from the various measurement techniques on prototype LSST sensors are presented and compared.

  17. PSF and MTF Measurement Methods for Thick CCD Sensor Characterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knowledge of the point spread function (PSF) of the sensors to be used in the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) camera is essential for optimal extraction of subtle galaxy shape distortions caused by gravitational weak lensing. We have developed a number of techniques for measuring the PSF of candidate CCD sensors to be used in the LSST camera, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. The two main optical PSF measurement techniques that we use are the direct Virtual Knife Edge (VKE) scan as developed by Karcher, et al. and the indirect interference fringe method after Andersen and Sorensen that measures the modulation transfer function (MTF) directly. The PSF is derived from the MTF by Fourier transform. Other non-optical PSF measurement techniques that we employ include 55Fe x-ray cluster image size measurements and statistical distribution analysis, and cosmic ray muon track size measurements, but are not addressed here. The VKE technique utilizes a diffraction-limited spot produced by a Point-Projection Microscope (PPM) that is scanned across the sensor with sub-pixel resolution. This technique closely simulates the actual operating condition of the sensor in the telescope with the source spot size having an f/number close to the actual telescope design value. The interference fringe method uses a simple equal-optical-path Michelson-type interferometer with a single-mode fiber source that produces interference fringes with 100% contrast over a wide spatial frequency range sufficient to measure the MTF of the sensor directly. The merits of each measurement technique and results from the various measurement techniques on prototype LSST sensors are presented and compared.

  18. A Lossy Method for Compressing Raw CCD Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan M. Watson

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un método para comprimir las imágenes en bruto de dispositivos como los CCD. El método es muy sencillo: cuantizaciòn con pérdida y luego compresión sin pérdida con herramientas de uso general como gzip o bzip2. Se convierten los archivos comprimidos a archivos de FITS descomprimiéndolos con gunzip o bunzip2, lo cual es una ventaja importante en la distribución de datos comprimidos. El grado de cuantizaciòn se elige para eliminar los bits de bajo orden, los cuales sobre-muestrean el ruido, no proporcionan información, y son difíciles o imposibles de comprimir. El método es con pérdida, pero proporciona ciertas garantías sobre la diferencia absoluta máxima, la diferencia RMS y la diferencia promedio entre la imagen comprimida y la imagen original; tales garantías implican que el método es adecuado para comprimir imágenes en bruto. El método produce imágenes comprimidas de 1/5 del tamaño de las imágenes originales cuando se cuantizan imágenes en las que ningún valor cambia más de 1/2 de la desviación estándar del fondo. Esta es una mejora importante con respecto a las razones de compresión producidas por métodos sin pérdida, y aparentemente las imágenes comprimidas con bzip2 no exceden el límite teórico por más de unas decenas de por ciento.

  19. AUTOMATIC CLASSIFICATION OF VARIABLE STARS IN CATALOGS WITH MISSING DATA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present an automatic classification method for astronomical catalogs with missing data. We use Bayesian networks and a probabilistic graphical model that allows us to perform inference to predict missing values given observed data and dependency relationships between variables. To learn a Bayesian network from incomplete data, we use an iterative algorithm that utilizes sampling methods and expectation maximization to estimate the distributions and probabilistic dependencies of variables from data with missing values. To test our model, we use three catalogs with missing data (SAGE, Two Micron All Sky Survey, and UBVI) and one complete catalog (MACHO). We examine how classification accuracy changes when information from missing data catalogs is included, how our method compares to traditional missing data approaches, and at what computational cost. Integrating these catalogs with missing data, we find that classification of variable objects improves by a few percent and by 15% for quasar detection while keeping the computational cost the same

  20. MISR Level 1A CCD Science data, all cameras V002

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This is the Reformatted Annotated Level 1A product for the CCD science data. The data numbers (DN) have been commuted from 12-bit numbers to 16-bit byte aligned...

  1. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF SEVERAL FUSION APPROACHES FOR CCD/SAR IMAGES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Several image fusion approaches for CCD/SAR images are studied and the performance evaluation of these fusion approaches is completed in this paper. Firstly, the preprocessing of CCD/SAR images before fusion is fulfilled. Then, the image fusion methods including linear superposition, nonlinear operator method and multiresolution methods, of which the multiresolution methods include Laplacian pyramid, ratio pyramid, contrast pyramid, gradient pyramid, morphological pyramid and discrete wavelet transform, are adopted to fuse two types of images. Lastly, the four performance measures, standard deviation, entropy, cross entropy and spatial frequency, are calculated to compare the fusion results by different fusion approaches in this paper. Experimental results show that contrast pyramid, morphology pyramid and discrete wavelet transformation in multiresolution approaches are more suitable for CCD/SAR image fusion than other ones proposed in this paper and the objective performance evaluation of CCD/SAR image fusion approaches are effective.

  2. Researchers develop CCD image sensor with 20ns per row parallel readout time

    CERN Multimedia

    Bush, S

    2004-01-01

    "Scientists at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) in Oxfordshire have developed what they claim is the fastest CCD (charge-coupled device) image sensor, with a readout time which is 20ns per row" (1/2 page)

  3. A tilted fiber-optic plate coupled CCD detector for high resolution neutron imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of these efforts is that a tilted scintillator geometry and lens coupled CCD detector for neutron imaging system were used to improve spatial resolution in one dimension. The increased spatial resolution in one dimension was applied to fuel cell study. However, a lens coupled CCD detector has lower sensitivity than a fiber-optic plate coupled CCD detector due to light loss. In this research, a tilted detector using fiber-optic plate coupled CCD detector was developed to improve resolution and sensitivity. In addition, a tilted detector can prevent an image sensor from direct radiation damage. Neutron imaging has been used for fuel cell study, lithium ion battery study, and many scientific applications. High quality neutron imaging is demanded for more detailed studies of applications, and spatial resolution should be considered to get high quality neutron imaging. Therefore, there were many efforts to improve spatial resolution

  4. The McGill Magnetar Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Olausen, S A

    2013-01-01

    We present a catalog of the 26 currently known magnetars and magnetar candidates. We tabulate astrometric and timing data for all catalog sources, as well as their observed properties at all wavelengths from radio to gamma ray, particularly the spectral parameters of the quiescent X-ray emission. We show histograms of the spatial and timing properties of the magnetars, comparing them with the known pulsar population, and we investigate and plot possible correlations between their timing, X-ray, and multiwavelength properties. We find best-fit values for the scale height of magnetars, assuming they are exponentially distributed, to be 20-30 pc, with uncertainties of ~20%. These values are smaller than those measured for OB stars, providing evidence that magnetars are born from the most massive O stars. From the same fits, we find that the Sun lies ~13-20 pc above the Galactic plane, consistent with previous measurements. We confirm previously identified correlations between quiescent X-ray luminosity L_X and m...

  5. Measurement of soft x-ray image by using CCD camera for long pulse discharge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A soft x-ray imaging was made a CCD camera installed to a tangential port in LHD. The large number of pixels (1024x512) of with CCD gives a good spatial resolution of 1.8 mm. The tangential soft x-ray image is obtained during long pulse discharge on LHD with a time resolution of 0.5 s. The shift of x-ray emission profile is found for plasmas with different magnetic axes. (J.P.N.)

  6. JAstroCam - A New Tool for Data Gathering with CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budyn, M.; Zola, S.; Wojcik, K.

    2010-12-01

    We present a new acquisition program for observations with CCD. The code is written in the JAVA language, currently supports Photometrics S300, SBIG, APOGEE and Andor CCDs. New hardware support can be extended by adding plugins for either a new type of CCD or a filter wheel. The software is capable of performing an on-line reduction of frames coming in real time either on non-processed or reduced for bias/dark/flat frames.

  7. The analysis of the imaging speed of the neutron digital radiography system based CCD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The imaging speed is the main character of the neutron digital radiography system, and the calculating method of neutron digital radiography based CCD is put forward according to the characters of CCD and the principal of neutron digital radiography and optics. Then the imaging speed of neutron radiography system in SPRR-300 is calculated by the method. The experiment shows the counted value basically tallies with the measured value, then the calculating method is believable. (authors)

  8. First results with he pn-CCD detector system for the XMM satellite mission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pn-CCD is a novel CCD type which is developed for fast X-ray imaging and spectroscopy for the X-ray Multi Mirror (XMM) satellite emission. Each 200x64 pixel large pn-CCD unit with a sensitive area of 3x1 cm2 is a fully depleted detector. Full depletion allows for high photon detection efficiency (>90% in the energy range of 500 eV-10 keV), for a small input capacitance necessary for low noise signal measurements and for backward illumination. For good time resolution and low noise performance each of the 64 CCD channels is terminated with an integrated input-JFET for signal amplification. With the use of the CMOS Amplifier and Multiplexing Chip (CAMEX64B) it is possible to read out the 64 CCD channels in parallel before they are multiplexed and sent to an ADC. For the first time the system of a 64 channel pn-CCD together with CAMEX64B readout, ADC conversion and data acquisition and storage has been brought into operation. First images of an 55Fe X-ray source are presented and discussed. (orig.)

  9. One method for HJ-1-A HSI and CCD data fusion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    HJ-1-A satellite, developed by China independently, was equipped with two sensors of Hyper Spectral Imager (HSI) and multispectral sensor (CCD). In this paper, we examine the benefits of combining data from CCD data (high-spatial-resolution, low-spectral-resolution image) with HSI data (low -spatial-resolution, high -spectral-resolution image). Due to the same imaging time and similar spectral regime, the CCD and HSI data can be registered with each other well, and the difference between CCD and HSI data mainly is systematic bias. The approach we have been investigating compares the spectral information present in the multispectral image to the spectral content in the hyperspectral image, and derives a set of equations to approximately acquire the systematic bias between the two sensors. The systematic bias is then applied to the interpolated high-spectral CCD image to produce a fused product. This fused image has the spectral resolution of the hyperspectral image (HSI) and the spatial resolution of the multispectral image (CCD). It is capable of full exploitation as a hyperspectral image. We evaluate this technique using the data of Honghe wetland and show both good spectral and visual fidelity. An analysis of SAM classification test case shows good result when compared to original image. All in all, the approach we developed here provides a means for fusing data from HJ-1-A satellite to produce a spatial-resolution-enhanced hyperspectral data cube that can be further analyzed by spectral classification and detection algorithms

  10. Predicting Chandra CCD Degradation with the Chandra Radiation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minow, Joseph I.; Blackwell, William C.; DePasquale, Joseph M.; Grant, Catherine E.; O'Dell, Stephen L.; Plucinsky, Paul P.; Schwartz, Daniel A.; Spitzbart, Bradley D.; Wolk, Scott J.

    2008-01-01

    Not long after launch of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, it was discovered that the Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer (ACIS) detector was rapidly degrading due to radiation. Analysis by Chandra personnel showed that this degradation was due to 10w energy protons (100 - 200 keV) that scattered down the optical path onto the focal plane. In response to this unexpected problem, the Chandra Team developed a radiation-protection program that has been used to manage the radiation damage to the CCDs. This program consists of multiple approaches - scheduled sating of the ACIS detector from the radiation environment during passage through radiation belts, real-time monitoring of space weather conditions, on-board monitoring of radiation environment levels, and the creation of a radiation environment model for use in computing proton flux and fluence at energies that damage the ACIS detector. This radiation mitigation program has been very successful. The initial precipitous increase in the CCDs' charge transfer inefficiency (CTI) resulting from proton damage has been slowed dramatically, with the front-illuminated CCDS having an increase in CTI of only 2.3% per year, allowing the ASIS detector's expected lifetime to exceed requirements. This paper concentrates on one aspect of the Chandra radiation mitigation program, the creation of the Chandra Radiation Model (CRM). Because of Chandra's highly elliptical orbit, the spacecraft spends most of its time outside of the trapped radiation belts that present the severest risks to the ACIS detector. However, there is still a proton flux environment that must be accounted for in all parts of Chandra's orbit. At the time of Chandra's launch there was no engineering model of the radiation environment that could be used in the outer regions of the spacecraft's orbit, so the CRM was developed to provide the flux environment of 100 - 200 keV protons in the outer magnetosphere, magnetosheath, and solar wind regions of geospace. This

  11. Síntese, caracterização e estudos de interação de um análogo da antitoxina CcdA empregando fluorescência no estado estacionário Synthesis, characterization and interaction studies of an analog of CcdA antitoxin by steady state fluorescence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Aparecida Cotrim

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Toxin-antitoxin (TA systems contribute to plasmid stability by a mechanism called post-segregational killing. The ccd was the first TA system to be discovered with CcdB being the toxin and CcdA the antitoxin. CcdA, an 8.3 kDa protein, interacts with CcdB (11.7 kDa, preventing the cytotoxic activity of CcdB on the DNA gyrase. As an approach to understanding this interaction, CcdA41, a polypeptide derived from CcdA, was synthesized by solid-phase methodology and its interaction with CcdB was analyzed by steady state fluorescence. CcdA41 formed a stable complex with CcdBET2, a peptide based on CcdB, the more recently described bacterial topoisomerase inhibitor.

  12. User Reaction to the Microfiche Catalog in the New York State Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baaklini, Soumaya

    A survey was administered to users of the New York State Library's microfiche catalog to determine their success and satisfaction in using the catalog and to examine characteristics of successful and satisfied microfiche catalog users. Usable questionnaires were obtained from 280 catalog users. Responses to selected items were weighted and summed…

  13. Examples to Accompany "Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Books, 2nd Edition."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association of Coll. and Research Libraries, Chicago, IL.

    This book is intended to be used with "Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Books," 2nd edition (DCRB) as an illustrative aid to catalogers and others interested in or needing to interpret rare book cataloging. As such, it is to be used in conjunction with the rules it illustrates, both in DCRB and in "Anglo-American Cataloging Rules," 2nd edition…

  14. Improved Astrometry and Photometry for the Luyten Catalog. II. Faint Stars and the Revised Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Salim, S; Salim, Samir; Gould, Andrew

    2003-01-01

    We complete construction of a catalog containing improved astrometry and new optical/infrared photometry for the vast majority of NLTT stars lying in the overlap of regions covered by POSS I and by the second incremental 2MASS release, approximately 44% of the sky. The epoch 2000 positions are typically accurate to 130 mas, the proper motions to 5.5 mas/yr, and the V-J colors to 0.25 mag. Relative proper motions of binary components are measured to 3 mas/yr. The false identification rate is ~1% for 11 -33 deg. Our catalog will therefore provide a powerful tool to probe these populations statistically, as well as to reliably identify individual SDs and WDs.

  15. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Probing the LHS Catalog (Gizis+ 1997)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gizis, J. E.; Reid; I. N.

    1997-11-01

    We present moderate resolution spectroscopy of 111 cool dwarf stars to supplement the observations we have already presented in the Palomar/MSU Nearby-Star Spectroscopic Survey. The sample consists of 71 suspected nearby stars added to the Preliminary Third Catalog of Nearby Stars since 1991 as well as 40 faint red stars selected from the LHS catalog. The study was aimed at identifying interesting red dwarfs, particularly new nearby, ultracool dwarfs, and very metal-poor stars. The observations were made using the Palomar 60-inch, the Hale 200-inch and the Las Campanas 100-inch telescopes between June 1995 and January 1996. The spectral resolution is approximately 3 Angstroms per pixel with wavelength coverage from 6200 to 7500 Angstroms. Table 2 contains bandstrengths for TiO, CaH, and CaOH indices. (4 data files).

  16. Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project Technical Data Catalog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The March 21, 1993, Department of Energy (DOE)/Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Site-Specific Procedural Agreement for Geologic Repository Site Investigation and Characterization Program requires the DOE to develop and maintain a catalog of data which will be updated and provided to the NRC at least quarterly. This catalog is to include a description of the data; the time (date), place, and method of acquisition; and where it may be examined. The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) Technical Data Catalog is published and distributed in accordance with the requirements of the Site-Specific Agreement. The YMP Technical Data Catalog is a report based on reference information contained in the YMP Automated Technical Data Tracking System (ATDT). The reference information is provided by Participants for data acquired or developed in support of the YMP. The Technical Data Catalog is updated quarterly and published in the month following the end of each quarter. A complete revision to the Catalog is published at the end of each fiscal year. Supplements to the end-of-year edition are published each quarter. These supplements provide information related to new data items not included in previous quarterly updates and data items affected by changes to previously published reference information. The Technical Data Catalog, dated September 30, 1993 (this edition), should be retained as the baseline document for the supplements until the end-of-year revision is published and distributed in October 1994

  17. Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project technical data catalog: Quarterly supplement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The Department of Energy (DOE)/Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Site-Specific Procedural Agreement for Geologic Repository Site Investigation and Characterization Program requires the DOE to develop and maintain a catalog of data which will be updated and provided to the NRC at least quarterly. This catalog is to include a description of the data; the time (date), place, and method of acquisition; and where the data may be examined. The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) Technical Data Catalog is published and distributed-in accordance with the requirements of the Site-Specific Agreement. The YMP Technical Data Catalog is a report based on reference information contained in the YMP Automated Technical Data Tracking System (ATDT). The reference information is provided by Participants for data acquired or developed in support of the YMP. The Technical Data Catalog is updated quarterly and distributed in the month following the end of each quarter. A complete revision to the catalog is published at the end of each fiscal year. Supplements to the end-of-year edition are published each quarter. These supplements provide information related to new data items not included in previous quarterly updates and data items affected by changes to previously published reference information. The Technical Data Catalog, dated September 30, 1994, should be retained as the baseline document for the supplements until the end-of-year revision is published and distributed in October 1995.

  18. Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project Technical Data Catalog (Quarterly supplement)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-12-31

    The March 21, 1993, Department of Energy (DOE)/Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Site-Specific Procedural Agreement for Geologic Repository Site Investigation and Characterization Program requires the DOE to develop and maintain a catalog of data which will be updated and provided to the NRC at least quarterly. This catalog is to include a description of the data; the time (date), place, and method of acquisition; and where it may be examined. The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) Technical Data Catalog is published and distributed in accordance with the requirements of the Site-Specific Agreement. The YMP Technical Data Catalog is a report based on reference information contained in the YMP Automated Technical Data Tracking System (ATDT). The reference information is provided by Participants for data acquired or developed in support of the YMP. The Technical Data Catalog is updated quarterly and published in the month following the end of each quarter. A complete revision to the Catalog is published at the end of each fiscal year. Supplements to the end-of-year edition are published each quarter. These supplements provide information related to new data items not included in previous quarterly updates and data items affected by changes to previously published reference information. The Technical Data Catalog, dated September 30, 1993, should be retained as the baseline document for the supplements until the end-of-year revision is published and distributed in October 1994.

  19. Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project: Technical Data Catalog quarterly supplement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-31

    The March 21, 1993, Department of Energy (DOE)/Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Site-Specific Procedural Agreement for Geologic Repository Site Investigation and Characterization Program requires the DOE to develop and maintain a catalog of data which will be updated and provided to the NRC at least quarterly. This catalog is to include a description of the data; the time (date), place, and method of acquisition; and where it may be examined. The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) Technical Data Catalog is published and distributed in accordance with the requirements of the Site-Specific Agreement. The YMP Technical Data Catalog is a report based on reference information contained in the YMP Automated Technical Data Tracking System (ATDT). The reference information is provided by Participants for data acquired or developed in support of the YMP. The Technical Data Catalog is updated quarterly and published in the month following the end of each quarter. A complete revision to the Catalog is published at the end of each fiscal year. Supplements to the end-of-year edition are published each quarter. These supplements provide information related to new data items not included in previous quarterly updates and data items affected by changes to previously published reference information. The Technical Data Catalog, dated September 30, 1993, should be retained as the baseline document for the supplements until the end-of-year revision is published and distributed in October 1994.

  20. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Catalog of central stellar velocity dispersions (Ho+, 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, L. C.; Greene, J. E.; Filippenko, A. V.; Sargent, W. L. W.

    2010-01-01

    A full description of the Palomar survey is given by Ho et al. (1995, Cat. , 1997, Cat. ). This survey covers a nearly complete, magnitude-limited sample of 486 galaxies from the Revised Shapley-Ames Catalog (Sandage & Tammann, 1981rsac.book.....S, Cat. VII/51) that satisfies BT0°. The spectra were acquired using the Double Spectrograph mounted at the Cassegrain focus of the Hale 5m telescope at Palomar Observatory. (1 data file).

  1. Catalog Production for the DES Blind Cosmology Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busha, Michael T.; Wechsler, R. H.; Becker, M. R.; Erickson, B.; Evrard, A. E.

    2013-01-01

    The Blind Cosmology Challenge (BCC) is an effort by the Dark Energy Survey (DES) to test analysis tools for extracting cosmological information using a set of detailed synthetic galaxy catalogs. Here, we describe the creation of these synthetic sky catalogs based on requirements of the optical (DES) and the near-IR VISTA Hemisphere Survey, producing catalogs covering a quarter of the sky to z ˜ 2, with sources complete to r ˜ 25. Starting with a nested set of lightcone outputs of large, N-body simulation, galaxies are assigned to the dark matter distribution using an empirical algorithm that is tunable to match observed evolution of low-order galaxy population properties (counts and spatial clustering) in luminosity-color-density space. Galaxies are lensed by matter along the line of sight (including magnification, shape distortion, and multiple images), using a new algorithm that calculates shear with 3.22 arcsec resolution at galaxy positions in the full catalog. The catalog is well suited to support DES+VISTA joint studies of galaxy clustering, groups and clusters of galaxies, and gravitational lensing, and we highlight their application to the ongoing DES BBCC. Catalogs include ˜320 million galaxies and ˜150 million stars, with realistic colors, shapes and photometric errors. Using the expected DES photometric errors, three independent photometric redshift codes are run on the catalog, two of which produce full probability distributions. The synthetic observable catalog includes object position, magnitudes in the DES and VISTA bands, photometric errors, photometric redshifts, size, ellipticity, for each of ˜ 500 million objects. The galaxy distribution is additionally masked appropriately for the 5000 square degree DES footprint, including the impact of bright stars. In addition, we offer separate catalogs with magnitudes for additional existing and planned surveys, including SDSS, CFHTLS, HSC, LSST, and Euclid.

  2. Differences and Relations among Pre-Press Cataloging,Cataloging in Publication and Union Cataloging%印前编目与在版编目、联合编目的区别与联系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴溢华

    2011-01-01

    Pre-press cataloging,cataloging in Publication(CIP) and union cataloging are related but different with each other.Through comparative analysis of pre-press cataloging,CIP and union cataloging,there are differences in cataloging agencies,cataloging subjects,cataloging objects,cataloging time,the purpose of cataloging and cataloging usages.Relations among pre-press cataloging,CIP and union cataloging show that pre-press cataloging not only inherits the timeliness of CIP and develops the associativity of union cataloging,but also introduces the innovation concept of specialization based on CIP and union cataloging.%印前编目与在版编目(CIP)和联合编目既有区别又有联系。通过对三者的比较分析发现,印前编目、在版编目和联合编目在编目机构、编目主体、编目对象、编目时间、编目目的、编目用途方面存在区别;而印前编目与CIP和联合编目之间的联系则更多地表现在印前编目对CIP时效性的继承、对联合编目联合性的发展及在前两者的基础上引入专业分工理念的创新。

  3. The First Swift BAT Gamma-Ray Burst Catalog

    OpenAIRE

    Sakamoto, T.; Barthelmy, S. D.; Barbier, L.; Cummings, J. R.; Fenimore, E. E.; Gehrels, N.; Hullinger, D.; Krimm, H. A.; Markwardt, C. B.; Palmer, D. M.; Parsons, A. M.; Sato, G.; Stamatikos, M.; Tueller, J.; Ukwatta, T. N.

    2007-01-01

    We present the first Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) catalog of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), which contains bursts detected by the BAT between 2004 December 19 and 2007 June 16. This catalog (hereafter BAT1 catalog) contains burst trigger time, location, 90% error radius, duration, fluence, peak flux, and time averaged spectral parameters for each of 237 GRBs, as measured by the BAT. The BAT-determined position reported here is within 1.75' of the Swift X-ray Telescope (XRT)-determined position...

  4. Characterization of a pnCCD for applications with synchrotron radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work we study the response of a pnCCD by means of X-ray spectroscopy in the energy range between 6 keV and 20 keV and by Laue diffraction techniques. The analyses include measurements of characteristic detector parameters like energy resolution, count rate capability and effects of different gain settings. The limit of a single photon counting operation in white beam X-ray diffraction experiments is discussed with regard to the occurrence of pile-up events, for which the energy information about individual photons is lost. In case of monochromatic illumination the pnCCD can be used as a fast conventional CCD with a charge handling capacity (CHC) of about 300,000 electrons per pixel. If the CHC is exceeded, any surplus charge will spill to neighboring pixels perpendicular to the transfer direction due to electrostatic repulsion. The possibilities of increasing the number of storable electrons are investigated for different voltage settings by exposing a single pixel with X-rays generated by a microfocus X-ray source. The pixel binning mode is tested as an alternative approach that enables a pnCCD operation with significantly shorter readout times. -- Highlights: ► The pnCCD acts as a four-dimensional detector for white X-rays. ► Its performance for applications with synchrotron radiation is investigated. ► The pnCCD can be used for single photon counting and photon integration. ► The operation mode depends on the local frequencies of pile-up events. The pnCCD can be optimized for X-ray spectroscopy and X-ray imaging

  5. Seismic data catalog and associated graphical capabilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bishop, T.N.; Foote, H.P.; Blair, S.C.

    1979-11-01

    To facilitate the use of the enormous amount of earthquake data presently available, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) formed an extensive data base of compiled seismic data. PNL also developed many useful and unique computer techniques for analysis and display of the data. These techniques could be used in many areas of the United States to support nuclear waste management and other energy-related activities. Software associated with the data base includes programs for editing earthquake files; sorting files with respect to time, location, or magnitude; selecting data by use of various parameters; and merging files. These techniques allow the rapid formation of data files that are tailored to specific interests. The desired file may then be listed or displayed graphically by means of PNL's diversified graphic capability. From the data analysis software, an accurate and comprehensive earthquake catalog for the Pacific Northwest was created. This catalog was produced by merging data from many sources and includes microearthquake data. Duplicate events were eliminated, while all information available for a particular event was retained. Graphic displays can plot two- and three-dimensional epicenter or hypocenter information. Magnitude and/or depth information can be represented on two-dimensional plots by using color or symbol size. Plots can be produced using a variety of map projections and at a specified scale. This capability allows the use of any desired map as a base map for the display of earthquake data. Additional information such as rivers, coastlines, faults, and boundaries may also be included on the plots. Data may also be displayed using normal or two-dimensional histograms. 19 figures, 7 tables.

  6. Development of a large format charge-coupled device (CCD) for applications in X-ray astronomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on the development of a charge-coupled device (CCD) for astronomical X-ray detection. Characteristics, performance and use of various CCD chips are described. Sizes range from a front-illuminated 2.5cmx2.5cm square chip for the MAXI mission with a depletion layer thickness of 70μm to a back-illuminated 3cmx6cm rectangular p-channel CCD with 200μm depletion thickness which exhibits improved quantum efficiency at low energy (below 0.5 keV). Combining the CCD with a scintillator deposit (SD-CCD) expands the effective energy range up to 100 keV. We describe the use of the SD-CCD in a balloon experiment

  7. A Low Noise, High QE, Large Format CCD Camera System for the NASA MIGHTI Instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hancock, J. J.; Cardon, J.; Watson, M.; Cook, J.; Whiteley, M.; Beukers, J.; Englert, C. R.; Brown, C. M.; Harlander, J.

    2015-12-01

    The Michelson Interferometer for Global High-resolution Thermospheric Imaging (MIGHTI) instrument is part of the NASA Ionspheric Connection Explorer (ICON) mission designed to uncover the mysteries of the extreme variability of the Earth's ionosphere. MIGHTI consists of two identical units positioned to observe the Earth's low latitude thermosphere from perpendicular viewing directions. The MIGHTI instrument is a spatial heterodyne spectrometer and requires a low noise, high QE, large format camera system to detect slight phase changes in the fringe patterns which reveal the neutral wind velocity. The MIGHTI camera system uses a single control electronics box to operate two identical CCD camera heads and communicate with the ICON payload electronics. The control electronics are carefully designed for a low noise implementation of CCD biases, clocking, and CCD output digitization. The camera heads consist of a 2k by 2K, back-illuminated, frame transfer CCD provided by e2v. The CCD's are both TEC cooled and have butcher-block filters mounted in close proximity of the active area. The CCDs are nominally operated in binned mode, the control electronics register settings provide flexibility for binning and gain control. An engineering model of the camera system has been assembled and tested. The EM camera system characterization meets all performance requirements. Performance highlights include a measured read noise of 5.7 electrons and dark current of 0.01 electronics/pixel/second. The camera system design and characterization results will be presented.

  8. FPGA-based flexible CCD control system for X-ray astronomy payloads

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have developed a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)-based Charge Coupled Device (CCD) data acquisition system, which will be used in the focal plane of Soft X-ray Telescope (SXT) on India's first multi-wavelength astronomy satellite-ASTROSAT. The use of FPGA allows a flexible system that can be used for driving almost all types of CCDs with very little modifications. It can generate clocks up to 1 MHz with adjustable phase. CCD biases and clock amplitudes can be generated and uploaded very easily. Electronic noise is reduced by reading the CCD when FPGA is at its minimum activity. CCD22, a MOS CCD developed in Europe, was biased and clocked by using this system. Each pixel is read at 6 μs intervals. The energy resolution of 55Fe at Kα peak has a full-width at half-maximum of ∼153 eV and the readout noise of our system is ∼8e- rms.

  9. Experience with 800 x 800 virtual phase and 500 x 500 three-phase CCD imagers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hlivak, R. J.; Henry, J. P.; Pilcher, C. B.

    1984-01-01

    A description of the Galileo/Institute for Astronomy charge-coupled device (CCD) imaging system and its initial operation has been presented previously. Originally designed to operate a 500 x 500 backside illuminated three-phase CCD, the system has been modified to allow use of either the 500 x 500 sensor or the TI 800 x 800 virtual phase CCD. The modifications for the operation of the virtual phase CCD and current system performance with each type of sensor are discussed. A description is given of the implementation of various techniques discovered at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory that improve imager performance. These techniques include tri-level clocking of the virtual phase CCD to eliminate spurious charge generation in the serial register, the use of ultraviolet light flood with the backside thinned 500 x 500 three-phase device to dramatically improve the quantum efficiency in the blue, and the practical elimination of deferred charge in the three-phase device. Results of astronomical observations with each sensor are presented.

  10. High-speed optical shutter coupled to fast-readout CCD camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yates, George J.; Pena, Claudine R.; McDonald, Thomas E., Jr.; Gallegos, Robert A.; Numkena, Dustin M.; Turko, Bojan T.; Ziska, George; Millaud, Jacques E.; Diaz, Rick; Buckley, John; Anthony, Glen; Araki, Takae; Larson, Eric D.

    1999-04-01

    A high frame rate optically shuttered CCD camera for radiometric imaging of transient optical phenomena has been designed and several prototypes fabricated, which are now in evaluation phase. the camera design incorporates stripline geometry image intensifiers for ultra fast image shutters capable of 200ps exposures. The intensifiers are fiber optically coupled to a multiport CCD capable of 75 MHz pixel clocking to achieve 4KHz frame rate for 512 X 512 pixels from simultaneous readout of 16 individual segments of the CCD array. The intensifier, Philips XX1412MH/E03 is generically a Generation II proximity-focused micro channel plate intensifier (MCPII) redesigned for high speed gating by Los Alamos National Laboratory and manufactured by Philips Components. The CCD is a Reticon HSO512 split storage with bi-direcitonal vertical readout architecture. The camera main frame is designed utilizing a multilayer motherboard for transporting CCD video signals and clocks via imbedded stripline buses designed for 100MHz operation. The MCPII gate duration and gain variables are controlled and measured in real time and up-dated for data logging each frame, with 10-bit resolution, selectable either locally or by computer. The camera provides both analog and 10-bit digital video. The camera's architecture, salient design characteristics, and current test data depicting resolution, dynamic range, shutter sequences, and image reconstruction will be presented and discussed.

  11. Digging supplementary buried channels: investigating the notch architecture within the CCD pixels on ESA's Gaia satellite

    CERN Document Server

    Seabroke, G M; Murray, N J; Crowley, C; Hopkinson, G; Brown, A G A; Kohley, R; Holland, A

    2013-01-01

    The European Space Agency (ESA) Gaia satellite has 106 CCD image sensors which will suffer from increased charge transfer inefficiency (CTI) as a result of radiation damage. To aid the mitigation at low signal levels, the CCD design includes Supplementary Buried Channels (SBCs, otherwise known as `notches') within each CCD column. We present the largest published sample of Gaia CCD SBC Full Well Capacity (FWC) laboratory measurements and simulations based on 13 devices. We find that Gaia CCDs manufactured post-2004 have SBCs with FWCs in the upper half of each CCD that are systematically smaller by two orders of magnitude (<50 electrons) compared to those manufactured pre-2004 (thousands of electrons). Gaia's faint star (13 < G < 20 mag) astrometric performance predictions by Prod'homme et al. and Holl et al. use pre-2004 SBC FWCs as inputs to their simulations. However, all the CCDs already integrated onto the satellite for the 2013 launch are post-2004. SBC FWC measurements are not available for on...

  12. The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy CCD camera control system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jim, K. T. C.; Yamada, H. T.; Luppino, G. A.; Hlivak, R. J.

    1992-01-01

    The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy CCD Camera Control System consists of a NeXT workstation, a graphical user interface, and a fiber optics communications interface which is connected to a San Diego State University CCD controller. The UH system employs the NeXT-resident Motorola DSP 56001 as a real time hardware controller. The DSP 56001 is interfaced to the Mach-based UNIX of the NeXT workstation by DMA and multithreading. Since the SDSU controller also uses the DPS 56001, the NeXT is used as a development platform for the embedded control software. The fiber optic interface links the two DSP 56001's through their Synchronous Serial Interfaces. The user interface is based on the NeXTStep windowing system. It is easy to use and features real-time display of image data and control over all camera functions. Both Loral and Tektronix 2048 x 2048 CCD's have been driven at full readout speeds, and the system is intended to be capable of simultaneous readout of four such CCD's. The total hardware package is compact enough to be quite portable and has been used on five different telescopes on Mauna Kea. The complete CCD control system can be assembled for a very low cost. The hardware and software of the control system has proven to be quite reliable, well adapted to the needs of astronomers, and extensible to increasingly complicated control requirements.

  13. Analyzing the next-generation catalog a library technology report

    CERN Document Server

    Nagy, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    his issue of ""Library Technology Reports"" analyzes five different academic libraries to better understand their investments, detailing the outcome thus far and drawing conclusions about the next-generation catalog.

  14. Seismicity Catalog Collection, 2150 BC to 1996 AD

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Seismicity Catalog Collection is a compilation data on over four million earthquakes dating from 2150 BC to 1996 AD from NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center...

  15. Investigating the earthquake catalog of the National Observatory of Athens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Chouliaras

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The earthquake catalog of the National Observatory of Athens (NOA since the beginning of the Greek National Seismological Network development in 1964, is compiled and analyzed in this study. The b-value and the spatial and temporal variability of the magnitude of completeness of the catalog is determined together with the times of significant seismicity rate changes.

    It is well known that man made inhomogeneities and artifacts exist in earthquake catalogs that are produced by changing seismological networks and in this study the chronological order of periods of network expansion, instrumental upgrades and practice and procedures changes at NOA are reported. The earthquake catalog of NOA is the most detailed data set available for the Greek area and the results of this study may be employed for the selection of trustworthy parts of the data in earthquake prediction research.

  16. Catalog of Federal Funding Sources for Watershed Protection

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Catalog of Federal Funding Sources for Watershed Protection Web site is a searchable database of financial assistance sources (grants, loans) available to fund a...

  17. Using Search Engine Technology to Improve Library Catalogs

    OpenAIRE

    Lewandowski, Dirk

    2015-01-01

    This chapter outlines how search engine technology can be used in online public access library catalogs (OPACs) to help improve users’ experiences, to identify users’ intentions, and to indicate how it can be applied in the library context, along with how sophisticated ranking criteria can be applied to the online library catalog. A review of the literature and current OPAC developments form the basis of recommendations on how to improve OPACs. Findings were that the major shor...

  18. Electro-optical testing of fully depleted CCD image sensors for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope camera

    OpenAIRE

    Doherty, Peter Edward; Antilogus, Pierre; Astier, Pierre; Chiang, James; Gilmore, D. Kirk; Guyonnet, Augustin; Huang, Dajun; Kelly, Heather; Kotov, Ivan; Kubanek, Petr; Nomerotski, Andrei; O’Connor, Paul; Rasmussen, Andrew; Riot, Vincent J.; Stubbs, Christopher William

    2014-01-01

    The LSST Camera science sensor array will incorporate 189 large format Charge Coupled Device (CCD) image sensors. Each CCD will include over 16 million pixels and will be divided into 16 equally sized segments and each segment will be read through a separate output amplifier. The science goals of the project require CCD sensors with state of the art performance in many aspects. The broad survey wavelength coverage requires fully depleted, 100 micrometer thick, high resistivity, bulk silicon a...

  19. A Common Ground: Communication and Alliance between Cataloger and Curator for Improved Access to Rare Books and Special Collections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, Elaine Beckley; Wagner, Stephen C.

    2000-01-01

    Examines rare book cataloging from the perspectives of cataloger and curator; discusses the areas where a cataloger-curator alliance can affect cataloging, as well as relevant factors over which the two have little control; and promotes a concept of customized cataloging for special collections materials. (Contains 17 references.) (Author/MES)

  20. Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project Technical Data Catalog

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The June 1, 1985, Department of Energy (DOE)/Nuclear, Regulatory Commission (NRC) Site-Specific Procedural Agreement for Geologic Repository Site Investigation and Characterization Program requires the DOE to develop and maintain a catalog of data which will be updated and provided to the NRC at least quarterly. This catalog is to include a description of the data; the time (date), place, and method of acquisition; and where it may be examined. The Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) Technical Data Catalog is published and distributed in accordance with the requirements of the Site-Specific Agreement. The YMP Technical Data Catalog is a report based on reference information contained in the YMP Automated Technical Data Tracking System (ATDT). The reference information is provided by Participants for data acquired or developed in support of the YMP. The Technical Data Catalog is updated quarterly and published in the month following the end of each quarter. Each new publication of the Technical Data Catalog supersedes the previous edition

  1. Automatic Generation of Printed Catalogs: An Initial Attempt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jared Camins-Esakov

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Printed catalogs are useful in a variety of contexts. In special collections, they are often used as reference tools and to commemorate exhibits. They are useful in settings, such as in developing countries, where reliable access to the Internet—or even electricity—is not available. In addition, many private collectors like to have printed catalogs of their collections. All the information needed for creating printed catalogs is readily available in the MARC bibliographic records used by most libraries, but there are no turnkey solutions available for the conversion from MARC to printed catalog. This article describes the development of a system, available on github, that uses XSLT, Perl, and LaTeX to produce press-ready PDFs from MARCXML files. The article particularly focuses on the two XSLT stylesheets which comprise the core of the system, and do the "heavy lifting" of sorting and indexing the entries in the catalog. The author also highlights points where the data stored in MARC bibliographic records requires particular "massaging," and suggests improvements for future attempts at automated printed catalog generation.

  2. Creating Kepler's Final KOI Catalog while Balancing Completeness and Reliability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Susan E.; Coughlin, Jeffrey L.; Mullally, Fergal R.; Christiansen, Jessie; Burke, Christopher J.; Kepler Team

    2016-06-01

    We report on the Kepler Mission's plan to create the final planetary candidate catalog (Data Release 25 KOI catalog), which will be fully automated and uniformly vetted. This catalog is based on evaluating the periodic events reported in the DR25 TCE table (Twicken et al. 2016) available at the NASA exoplanet archive. As with the previous KOI catalog (DR24) the intent is to prioritize uniformity and completeness over obtaining 100% accuracy. In this way, the completeness and the reliability of the KOI table can be measured so that exoplanet occurrence rates can easily be calculated. We use, and improve upon, the DR24 rule-based vetter (Robovetter, Coughlin et al. 2016) to create the final dispositions in the catalog. As done before, the Robovetter's decisions will be tested against injected transits to show that true transit-like signatures are retained. Additionally, the Robovetter will be tested against TCEs found in inverted light curves as a way of showing that the Robovetter is effectively removing false alarms. We will discuss our current methods, any obstacles in our path, and the timeline for delvering Kepler's final planet candidate catalog.

  3. The Amateur Astronomer's Guide to the Deep-Sky Catalogs

    CERN Document Server

    Cavin, Jerry D

    2012-01-01

    All of us familiar with astronomy know of Charles Messier and his early work on creating a catalog of celestial objects. Did you know that Messier was compiling a list of objects to avoid when searching the skies? He was a comet hunter, and he wanted to not mistake other things for comets. Other lists and catalogs followed this, and many, including Messier's, have become popular with amateur astronomers who see it as a challenge to find everything on the list or as a guide on what to see when they look through their telescopes or binoculars. In this "catalog of catalogs," the author introduces the figures behind the most famous of the star catalogs and includes the catalog listings as well. Thus here, all in one book, is your complete guide to the heavenly bodies - including constellations, galaxies, nebulae, supernova remnants, and much more - that most people seek to see when they observe the night sky. Here are enough challenges for a lifetime of exciting viewing!

  4. The development of large-aperture test system of infrared camera and visible CCD camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yingwen; Geng, Anbing; Wang, Bo; Wang, Haitao; Wu, Yanying

    2015-10-01

    Infrared camera and CCD camera dual-band imaging system is used in many equipment and application widely. If it is tested using the traditional infrared camera test system and visible CCD test system, 2 times of installation and alignment are needed in the test procedure. The large-aperture test system of infrared camera and visible CCD camera uses the common large-aperture reflection collimator, target wheel, frame-grabber, computer which reduces the cost and the time of installation and alignment. Multiple-frame averaging algorithm is used to reduce the influence of random noise. Athermal optical design is adopted to reduce the change of focal length location change of collimator when the environmental temperature is changing, and the image quality of the collimator of large field of view and test accuracy are also improved. Its performance is the same as that of the exotic congener and is much cheaper. It will have a good market.

  5. Direct detection of x-rays for protein crystallography employing a thick, large area CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atac, Muzaffer; McKay, Timothy

    1999-01-01

    An apparatus and method for directly determining the crystalline structure of a protein crystal. The crystal is irradiated by a finely collimated x-ray beam. The interaction of the x-ray beam with the crystal produces scattered x-rays. These scattered x-rays are detected by means of a large area, thick CCD which is capable of measuring a significant number of scattered x-rays which impact its surface. The CCD is capable of detecting the position of impact of the scattered x-ray on the surface of the CCD and the quantity of scattered x-rays which impact the same cell or pixel. This data is then processed in real-time and the processed data is outputted to produce a image of the structure of the crystal. If this crystal is a protein the molecular structure of the protein can be determined from the data received.

  6. Signal Detection of Multi-Channel Capillary Electrophoresis Chip Based on CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lv, Hongfeng; Yan, Weiping; Yang, Xiaobo; Li, Jiechao; Zhu, Jieying

    2012-12-01

    A kind of multi-channel capillary electrophoresis (CE) chip signal detection system based on CCD was developed. The output signal of the CCD sensor was processed by a series of pre-processing circuits and ADC, and then it was collected by the Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) chip which communicated with a host computer. The core in FPGA was designed to control the signal flow of the CCD and transfer the data to PC based on a Nios II embedded soft-processor. The application of PC was used to store the data and demonstrate the curve. The measurement of the fluorescent signals for different concentration Rhodamine B dyes is presented and the comparison with other detection systems is also discussed.

  7. A Simple Illustrative Model of a Charge-Coupled Device (CCD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santillo, Michael F.

    2009-10-01

    Many students (as well as the general public) use modern technology without an understanding of how these devices actually work. They are what scientists refer to in the laboratory as "black boxes." Students often wonder how physics relates to the technology used in the real world and are interested in such applications. An example of one such "black box" is the charge-coupled device (CCD), an electronic imaging sensor invented in 1970 by Bell Labs researchers Willard Boyle and George Smith. Astronomers first embraced CCD technology in the early 1980s because CCDs are very light sensitive, consume low amounts of power, and generate digital images quickly. More than three decades later, CCDs have become ubiquitous, as they are found in consumer digital cameras, scanners, photocopiers, medical imaging devices and spectroscopic detectors. This paper presents a model of a CCD "chip" that can be easily adapted as a classroom demonstration.

  8. Subpixel characterization of a PIV-CCD camera using a laser spot

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a simple method for charge-coupled device (CCD; or CMOS) sensor characterization by using a subpixel laser spot. This method is used to measure the variations in sensitivity of the 2D sensor array systems equipped with a microlens array. The experimental results show that there is variation in the sensitivity for each position on the CCD of the camera, and the pixel optical center error with respect to the geometrical center is in the range of one-tenth that of a pixel. The disparity observed is attributed to the coherence of the laser light used that generates interference at the scale of the pixel. This may have significant consequences for coherent light imaging using CCD (or CMOS) such as particle image velocimetry. (paper)

  9. Ion-molecule calculation of the abundance ratio of CCD to CCH in dense interstellar clouds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laboratory measurements and calculations have been performed to determine the abundance ratio of the deuterated ethynyl radical (CCD) to the normal radical (CCH) which can be achieved in dense interstellar clouds via isotopic fractionation in the C2H2(+) (HD)=C2HD(+)(H2) system of reactions. According to this limited treatment, the CCD/CCH abundance ratio which can be attained is in the range 0.02-0.03 for the Orion molecular cloud and 0.0l-0.02 for TMC-1. These ranges of numbers are in reasonable agreement with the observed values in Orion and TMC-1. However, the analysis of the CCD/CCH abundance ratio is complicated via the presence of competing fractionation mechanisms, especially in the low-temperature source TMC-1. 28 references

  10. The research and development of CCD-based slab continuous casting mold copper surface imaging system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xingdong; Zhang, Liugang; Xie, Haihua; Long, Liaosha; Yu, Wenyong

    2011-11-01

    An imaging system for the continuous casting mold copper surface is researched and developed, to replace the on-line manual measuring method, which is used to checking Copper defects such as wearing, scratches and coating loss and other phenomena. Method: The imaging system proposes a special optical loop formed by three Mirrors, selects light source, CCD camera and lens type, designs mechanical transmission system and installation platform. Result: the optical loop and light source can insure imaging large-format object in narrow space. The CCD camera and lens determine the accuracy of horizontal scanning, and the mechanical transmission system ensures accuracy of the vertical scan. The installation platform supplies base and platform for the system. Conclusions: CCD-based copper surface imaging system effectively prevent defects such as missed measuring and low efficiency, etc. It can automatically and accurately shoot copper surface images on-line, and supply basis for image processing, defects identification and copper changing in the late.

  11. Modelling electron distributions within ESA's Gaia satellite CCD pixels to mitigate radiation damage

    CERN Document Server

    Seabroke, G M; Burt, D; Robbins, M S

    2009-01-01

    The Gaia satellite is a high-precision astrometry, photometry and spectroscopic ESA cornerstone mission, currently scheduled for launch in 2012. Its primary science drivers are the composition, formation and evolution of the Galaxy. Gaia will achieve its unprecedented positional accuracy requirements with detailed calibration and correction for radiation damage. At L2, protons cause displacement damage in the silicon of CCDs. The resulting traps capture and emit electrons from passing charge packets in the CCD pixel, distorting the image PSF and biasing its centroid. Microscopic models of Gaia's CCDs are being developed to simulate this effect. The key to calculating the probability of an electron being captured by a trap is the 3D electron density within each CCD pixel. However, this has not been physically modelled for the Gaia CCD pixels. In Seabroke, Holland & Cropper (2008), the first paper of this series, we motivated the need for such specialised 3D device modelling and outlined how its future resu...

  12. Design of CCD driver for quartz horizontal pendulum tiltmeter based on CPLD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Weiwei; Lu, Haiyan; Cai, Li; Wang, Xiu; Yang, Zhenyu

    2015-02-01

    In order to improve the resolution and conversion speed of photoelectric transducer, a high sensitive and low dark current CCD image sensor TCD1711DG was used in SQ-70D digital quartz horizontal pendulum tiltmeter. The timing chart of CCD has fixed state transition and rigorous timing requirements at typical pulse frequency. Then, a method of controlling the pulse state transition was developed by synchronous counting. The driver was carried out by using Verilog HDL based on CPLD. Simulation and experimental results indicated that the driver designed by this method was simple and stable enough to meet the timing requirements of TCD1711DG. Furthermore, integration time of the CCD could be revised flexibly by setting controlled variable QINT which improved the adaptability of the tiltmeter to different lighting levels.

  13. A fast CCD vertex detector for the future linear collider: some recent developments

    CERN Document Server

    Gillman, A R

    2001-01-01

    Experiments at a future e sup + e sup - linear collider will require a high-performance vertex detector to identify heavy quarks in multi-jet final states. The SLD experiment at SLAC has successfully demonstrated that charge-coupled devices (CCDs) are ideal candidates for this role, offering excellent two-dimensional spatial resolution with extremely low mass.This paper discusses recent R and D studies aimed at further reducing the vertex detector material budget and significantly increasing the CCD readout speed, in order to extend the physics reach of the future linear collider. A radical new CCD architecture is described, which would enable a CCD-based vertex detector to be used in the extremely challenging environment of the superconducting TESLA collider.

  14. A study of a multi-pinned phase CCD detector for use as a star tracker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Scott D.

    1994-01-01

    This grant has supported studies of the use of charge coupled devices (CCD's) in star trackers in a number of different areas. Among the tasks we have pursued are the following: (1) radiation modeling and the increase in noise equivalent angle as a result of exposure to protons and bremsstrahlung gamma rays; (2) the development of pattern matching software to identify field locations from a CCD image and a pre-existing map of the local area; (3) observations of various stellar fields from the 24 inch telescope at the Offit Observatory at JHU, primarily to test the pattern matching software (these included crowded fields as well as moving objects, like comets); and (4) tracking of very faint objects to determine the faint limit of the CCD system.

  15. Sensitivity of linear CCD array based film scanners used for film dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Film dosimetry is commonly performed by using linear CCD array transmission optical densitometers. However, these devices suffer from a variation in response along the detector array. If not properly corrected for, this nonuniformity may lead to significant overestimations of the measured dose as one approaches regions close to the edges of the scanning region. In this note, we present measurements of the spatial response of an AGFA Arcus II document scanner used for radiochromic film dosimetry. Results and methods presented in this work can be generalized to other CCD based transmission scanners used for film dosimetry employing either radiochromic or radiographic films

  16. Sensitivity of linear CCD array based film scanners used for film dosimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devic, Slobodan; Wang, Yi-Zhen; Tomic, Nada; Podgorsak, Ervin B

    2006-11-01

    Film dosimetry is commonly performed by using linear CCD array transmission optical densitometers. However, these devices suffer from a variation in response along the detector array. If not properly corrected for, this nonuniformity may lead to significant overestimations of the measured dose as one approaches regions close to the edges of the scanning region. In this note, we present measurements of the spatial response of an AGFA Arcus II document scanner used for radiochromic film dosimetry. Results and methods presented in this work can be generalized to other CCD based transmission scanners used for film dosimetry employing either radiochromic or radiographic films. PMID:17153378

  17. Design and implementation of high sensitive CCD on gallium arsenide based miniaturized spectrometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Jiamin; Shen, Jianhua; Guo, Fangmin

    2013-08-01

    In this paper, a method on how to design and implement a miniaturized spectrometer with low-light-level (LLL) CCD on GaAs is introduced. The optical system uses a blazed grating as the dispersive element and a 1×64 CCD on GaAs as the sensor. We apply a highly integrated Cortex-M4 MCU (STM32F407), to build the data acquisition and analysis unit, providing Wi-Fi interface to communicate with the PC software. It can complete the tasks like data acquisition, digital filtering, spectral display, network communication, human-computer interaction etc.

  18. Influences of CCD nonlinear response on measurement of propagation factor M2 of a laser beam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we analyze the influence of the nonlinear optoelectronic response on the measurement of the beam propagation factor M2 at different laser wavelengths. According to our theoretical investigation, the size of a laser beam with a standard Gaussian distribution will be estimated as larger than the real value when the response of a commercial non-calibrated CCD camera has a nonlinear relation to the recorded signal intensity. It has been demonstrated that the measurement accuracy in M2 becomes considerably worse by using such a CCD camera. The conclusion is thought to be useful for evaluation of the laser features in both research activities and industrial applications

  19. Comparative evolution of various CCD image sensors hardening techniques with ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reviews various techniques to harden Charged Coupled Device (CCD) sensors and the results after irradiation of three Thomson n buried channel CCDs having a different degree of hardening. It describes the major irradiation effects on CCD performances and it makes a comparison of the results between the different hardening levels. It shows good results on dark voltage after ionizing radiation for TH 7863M device hardened both by design and by operating conditions (MPP mode) with respect to the standard device TH 7863A. The irradiations were performed with 60Co or X-ray (10 keV) sources on devices in operating mode. (author). 3 refs., 8 figs

  20. A Large Area CCD Camera for the Schmidt Telescope at the Venezuelan National Astronomical Observatory

    OpenAIRE

    Baltay, C.; Snyder, J. A.; Andrews, P.; Emmet, W.; Schaefer, B.; Sinnott, J.; Bailyn, C.; de Coppi, P.; Oemler, A.; Sabbey, C. N.; Sofia, S.; van Altena, W.; Vivas, A. K.; Abad, C; Briceno, C.

    2002-01-01

    We have designed, constructed and put into operation a large area CCD camera that covers a large fraction of the image plane of the 1 meter Schmidt telescope at Llano del Hato in Venezuela. The camera consists of 16 CCD devices arranged in a 4 x 4 mosaic covering 2.3 degrees x 3.5 degrees of sky. The CCDs are 2048 x 2048 LORAL devices with 15 micron pixels. The camera is optimized for drift scan photometry and objective prism spectroscopy. The design considerations, construction features and ...

  1. A Large Area CCD Camera for the Schmidt Telescope at the Venezuelan National Astronomical Observatory

    CERN Document Server

    Baltay, C; Andrews, P; Emmet, W; Schaefer, B; Sinnott, J; Bailyn, C D; Coppi, P S; Oemler, A E; Sabbey, C N; Sofia, S; Van Altena, W F; Vivas, A K; Abad, C; Briceño, C; Bruzual, G; Magris, G; Stock, J; Prugna, F D; Sánchez, G; Schenner, H; Adams, B; Gebhard, M; Honeycutt, R K; Musser, J; Harris, F; Geary, J; Sanchez, Ge.; Sanchez, Gu.

    2002-01-01

    We have designed, constructed and put into operation a large area CCD camera that covers a large fraction of the image plane of the 1 meter Schmidt telescope at Llano del Hato in Venezuela. The camera consists of 16 CCD devices arranged in a 4 x 4 mosaic covering 2.3 degrees x 3.5 degrees of sky. The CCDs are 2048 x 2048 LORAL devices with 15 micron pixels. The camera is optimized for drift scan photometry and objective prism spectroscopy. The design considerations, construction features and performance parameters are described in the following article.

  2. THE CCD PHOTOMETRIC OBSERVATIONS OF COMET C/1995 O1 (HALE-BOPP)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Hongnan; Huang Keliang; Wang Yu; Zhou Qinglin

    2000-01-01

    The CCD photometric observation of secular periodic comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) was carried out at the Sheshan Station of Shanghai Observatory of China. We obtained 23 CCD images on 1996 March 11, April 22 and May 22. We derived the magnitude of the cometary nucleus in V, R bands, and estimated the lower limits of cometary mass and size. The results show that the diameter of nucleus ≈ 5 ~ 10km, which corresponds to a mass of 2 × 1012~ 3 × 1013 kg for different parameters when the bulk density is assumed to 1000 kg·m-3.

  3. Computer-aided diagnosis of pneumoconiosis abnormalities extracted from chest radiographs scanned with a CCD scanner

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a computer-aided diagnosis for pneumoconiosis radiographs obtained with a common charge-coupled devices (CCD) scanner. Since the current computer-aided diagnosis systems of pneumoconiosis are not practical for medical doctors due to high costs of usage for a special scanner, we propose a novel system which measures abnormalities of pneumoconiosis from lung images obtained with a common CCD scanner. Experimental results of discriminations between normal and abnormal cases for 56 right-lung images including 6 standard pneumoconiosis images have shown that the proposed abnormalities are well extracted according to the standards of pneumoconiosis categories. (author)

  4. Astronomical Surveys, Catalogs, Databases, and Archives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mickaelian, A. M.

    2016-06-01

    All-sky and large-area astronomical surveys and their cataloged data over the whole range of electromagnetic spectrum are reviewed, from γ-ray to radio, such as Fermi-GLAST and INTEGRAL in γ-ray, ROSAT, XMM and Chandra in X-ray, GALEX in UV, SDSS and several POSS I and II based catalogues (APM, MAPS, USNO, GSC) in optical range, 2MASS in NIR, WISE and AKARI IRC in MIR, IRAS and AKARI FIS in FIR, NVSS and FIRST in radio and many others, as well as most important surveys giving optical images (DSS I and II, SDSS, etc.), proper motions (Tycho, USNO, Gaia), variability (GCVS, NSVS, ASAS, Catalina, Pan-STARRS) and spectroscopic data (FBS, SBS, Case, HQS, HES, SDSS, CALIFA, GAMA). Most important astronomical databases and archives are reviewed as well, including Wide-Field Plate DataBase (WFPDB), ESO, HEASARC, IRSA and MAST archives, CDS SIMBAD, VizieR and Aladin, NED and HyperLEDA extragalactic databases, ADS and astro-ph services. They are powerful sources for many-sided efficient research using Virtual Observatory tools. Using and analysis of Big Data accumulated in astronomy lead to many new discoveries.

  5. The First Fermi LAT Supernova Remnant Catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acero, F.; Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; Baldini, L.; Ballet, J.; Barbiellini, G.; Bastieri, D.; Bellazzini, R.; Bissaldi, E.; Blandford, R. D.; Bloom, E. D.; Bonino, R.; Bottacini, E.; Brandt, T. J.; Bregeon, J.; Bruel, P.; Buehler, R.; Buson, S.; Caliandro, G. A.; Cameron, R. A.; Caputo, R.; Caragiulo, M.; Caraveo, P. A.; Casandjian, J. M.; Cavazzuti, E.; Cecchi, C.; Chekhtman, A.; Chiang, J.; Chiaro, G.; Ciprini, S.; Claus, R.; Cohen, J. M.; Cohen-Tanugi, J.; Cominsky, L. R.; Condon, B.; Conrad, J.; Cutini, S.; D’Ammando, F.; de Angelis, A.; de Palma, F.; Desiante, R.; Digel, S. W.; Di Venere, L.; Drell, P. S.; Drlica-Wagner, A.; Favuzzi, C.; Ferrara, E. C.; Franckowiak, A.; Fukazawa, Y.; Funk, S.; Fusco, P.; Gargano, F.; Gasparrini, D.; Giglietto, N.; Giommi, P.; Giordano, F.; Giroletti, M.; Glanzman, T.; Godfrey, G.; Gomez-Vargas, G. A.; Grenier, I. A.; Grondin, M.-H.; Guillemot, L.; Guiriec, S.; Gustafsson, M.; Hadasch, D.; Harding, A. K.; Hayashida, M.; Hays, E.; Hewitt, J. W.; Hill, A. B.; Horan, D.; Hou, X.; Iafrate, G.; Jogler, T.; Jóhannesson, G.; Johnson, A. S.; Kamae, T.; Katagiri, H.; Kataoka, J.; Katsuta, J.; Kerr, M.; Knödlseder, J.; Kocevski, D.; Kuss, M.; Laffon, H.; Lande, J.; Larsson, S.; Latronico, L.; Lemoine-Goumard, M.; Li, J.; Li, L.; Longo, F.; Loparco, F.; Lovellette, M. N.; Lubrano, P.; Magill, J.; Maldera, S.; Marelli, M.; Mayer, M.; Mazziotta, M. N.; Michelson, P. F.; Mitthumsiri, W.; Mizuno, T.; Moiseev, A. A.; Monzani, M. E.; Moretti, E.; Morselli, A.; Moskalenko, I. V.; Murgia, S.; Nemmen, R.; Nuss, E.; Ohsugi, T.; Omodei, N.; Orienti, M.; Orlando, E.; Ormes, J. F.; Paneque, D.; Perkins, J. S.; Pesce-Rollins, M.; Petrosian, V.; Piron, F.; Pivato, G.; Porter, T. A.; Rainò, S.; Rando, R.; Razzano, M.; Razzaque, S.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Renaud, M.; Reposeur, T.; Rousseau, R.; Saz Parkinson, P. M.; Schmid, J.; Schulz, A.; Sgrò, C.; Siskind, E. J.; Spada, F.; Spandre, G.; Spinelli, P.; Strong, A. W.; Suson, D. J.; Tajima, H.; Takahashi, H.; Tanaka, T.; Thayer, J. B.; Thompson, D. J.; Tibaldo, L.; Tibolla, O.; Torres, D. F.; Tosti, G.; Troja, E.; Uchiyama, Y.; Vianello, G.; Wells, B.; Wood, K. S.; Wood, M.; Yassine, M.; den Hartog, P. R.; Zimmer, S.

    2016-05-01

    To uniformly determine the properties of supernova remnants (SNRs) at high energies, we have developed the first systematic survey at energies from 1 to 100 GeV using data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). Based on the spatial overlap of sources detected at GeV energies with SNRs known from radio surveys, we classify 30 sources as likely GeV SNRs. We also report 14 marginal associations and 245 flux upper limits. A mock catalog in which the positions of known remnants are scrambled in Galactic longitude allows us to determine an upper limit of 22% on the number of GeV candidates falsely identified as SNRs. We have also developed a method to estimate spectral and spatial systematic errors arising from the diffuse interstellar emission model, a key component of all Galactic Fermi LAT analyses. By studying remnants uniformly in aggregate, we measure the GeV properties common to these objects and provide a crucial context for the detailed modeling of individual SNRs. Combining our GeV results with multiwavelength (MW) data, including radio, X-ray, and TeV, we demonstrate the need for improvements to previously sufficient, simple models describing the GeV and radio emission from these objects. We model the GeV and MW emission from SNRs in aggregate to constrain their maximal contribution to observed Galactic cosmic rays.

  6. The Spitzer IRS Debris Disk Catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, C.

    2014-04-01

    During the Spitzer Space Telescope cryogenic mission, Guaranteed Time Observers, Legacy Teams, and General Observers obtained Infrared Spectrograph (IRS) observations of hundreds of debris disk candidates. We calibrated the spectra of 571 candidates, including 64 new IRAS and MIPS debris disks candidates, modeled their stellar photospheres, and produced a catalog of excess spectra for unresolved debris disks. We carried out two separate SED analyses. (1) For all targets, we modeled the IRS and MIPS 70 micron data (where available) assuming that the SEDs were well-described using, zero, one or two temperature black bodies. We calculated the probability for each model and computed the average probability to select among models. (2) For a subset of 120 targets with 10 and/or 20 micron silicate features, we modeled the data using spherical silicate (olivine, pyroxene, forsterite, and enstatite) grains located either in a continuous disk with power-law size and surface density distributions or two thin rings that are well-characterized using two separate dust grain temperatures. We present a demographic analysis of the disk properties. For example, we find that the majority of debris disks are better fit using two dust components, suggesting that planetary systems are common in debris disks and that the size distribution of dust grains is consistent with a collisional cascade.

  7. Galaxy Groups: A 2MASS Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Tully, R Brent

    2015-01-01

    A galaxy group catalog is built from the sample of the 2MASS Redshift Survey almost complete to Ks=11.75 over 91% of the sky. Constraints in the construction of the groups were provided by scaling relations determined by close examination of well defined groups with masses between 10^11 and 10^15 Msun. Group masses inferred from Ks luminosities are statistically in agreement with masses calculated from application of the virial theorem. While groups have been identified over the full redshift range of the sample, the properties of the nearest and farthest groups are uncertain and subsequent analysis has only considered groups with velocities between 3,000 and 10,000 km/s. The 24,044 galaxies in this range are identified with 13,607 entities, 3,461 of them with two or more members. A group mass function is constructed. The Sheth-Tormen formalism provides a good fit to the shape of the mass function for group masses above 6/h x 10^12 Msun but the count normalization is poor. Summing all the mass associated with...

  8. Access to Basque Sound Recordings: A Unique Minimal Level Cataloging Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicki Toy-Smith

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available It is important for catalogers to be able to streamline methods of cataloging linguistically-unique titles in their library’s collection of resources. One such group of items at the University of Nevada, Reno that needed to be cataloged included several hundred Basque sound recordings. It is also important to have local cataloging procedures that are readily available, accessible, current and understandable. By combining a new local procedure along with minimal level cataloging, the result was a streamlined and innovative cataloging project that resulted in bibliographic access to an unusual collection of Basque sound recordings.

  9. SlCCD7 controls strigolactone biosynthesis, shoot branching and mycorrhiza-induced apocarotenoid formation in tomato.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vogel, J.T.; Walter, M.H.; Giavalisco, P.; Lytovchenko, A.; Kohlen, W.; Charnikhova, T.; Simkin, A.J.; Goulet, C.; Strack, D.; Bouwmeester, H.J.; Fernie, A.R.; Klee, H.J.

    2010-01-01

    The regulation of shoot branching is an essential determinant of plant architecture, integrating multiple external and internal signals. One of the signaling pathways regulating branching involves the MAX (more axillary branches) genes. Two of the genes within this pathway, MAX3/CCD7 and MAX4/CCD8,

  10. Images processing in hostile nuclear environments. Experimental CCD cameras tests results for robotic operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes succinctly the hostile aspect of nuclear environment for visual sensors and transmissions. It approaches the new field of nuclear Robotic and its constraints about vision process. Tolerance tests of CCD cameras in gamma radiations environment are displayed: - gamma dosimetry measures, - electrical measurement process, - views during testing, - degradations and better tolerance hypothesis

  11. Research on Double CCD Dimensional Metrology Applying in Large Forge Piece

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, C H; Xiong, Z [College of Electrical Engineering, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004 (China)

    2006-10-15

    As development of computer vision, stereoscopic vision sensors have been used more and more widely, and double CCD vision sensor with its simplicity of operator, highaccuracy and high-efficiency has been used in many spheres. It can be used in dimensional metrology of large forge piece, which greatly improves the efficiency and accuracy of large forge piece measurement.

  12. MiCPhot: A prime-focus multicolor CCD photometer on the 85-cm Telescope

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ai-Ying Zhou; Xiao-Jun Jiang; Yan-Ping Zhang; Jian-Yan Wei

    2009-01-01

    We describe a new BVRI multicolor CCD photometric system situated at the prime focus of the 85-cm telescope at the Xinglong Station of NAOC. Atmospheric extinction effects, photometric accuracy and color calibration dependence of the system are investigated. Additional attention was paid to giving observers guidance in estimating throughput, detection limit, signal-to-noise ratio and exposure time.

  13. Simulated aperture-photometry on CCD-frames for 67 southern galaxies in B and R

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peletier, R. F.; Lauberts, A.; Valentijn, E. A.

    1989-01-01

    As part of a large project to calibrate all the Schmidt plates of the ESO Quick blue and the red survey, CCD-photometry in B and R has been obtained for galaxies on 67 different survey fields. On these frames synthetic-aperture photometry is applied in order to present the data in a way which makes

  14. Lensless CCD-based fluorometer using a micromachined optical Soller collimator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Balsam, Joshua; Ossandon, Miguel; Kostov, Yordan; Bruck, Hugh Alan; Rasooly, Avraham

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we describe a simple charge-coupled device (CCD) based lensless fluorometer with sensitivity in the range of current ELISA plate readers. In our lensfree fluorometer, a multi-wavelength LED light source was used for fluorophore excitation. To collimate the light, we developed a simple

  15. Opinion rating of comparison photographs of television pictures from CCD cameras under irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of the development of a general method of testing the effects of gamma radiation on CCD television cameras, this is a report of an experimental study on the optimisation of still photographic representation of video pictures recorded before and during camera irradiation. (author)

  16. Research on Double CCD Dimensional Metrology Applying in Large Forge Piece

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As development of computer vision, stereoscopic vision sensors have been used more and more widely, and double CCD vision sensor with its simplicity of operator, highaccuracy and high-efficiency has been used in many spheres. It can be used in dimensional metrology of large forge piece, which greatly improves the efficiency and accuracy of large forge piece measurement

  17. Development of Multiple-Element Flame Emission Spectrometer Using CCD Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seney, Caryn S.; Sinclair, Karen V.; Bright, Robin M.; Momoh, Paul O.; Bozeman, Amelia D.

    2005-01-01

    The full wavelength coverage of charge coupled device (CCD) detector when coupled with an echelle spectrography, the system allows for simultaneously multiple element spectroscopy to be performed. The multiple-element flame spectrometer was built and characterized through the analysis of environmentally significant elements such as Ca, K, Na, Cu,…

  18. A toolkit for the characterization of CCD cameras for transmission electron microscopy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vulovic, M.; Rieger, B.; Van Vliet, L.J.; Koster, A.J.; Ravelli, R.B.G.

    2009-01-01

    Charge-coupled devices (CCD) are nowadays commonly utilized in transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for applications in life sciences. Direct access to digitized images has revolutionized the use of electron microscopy, sparking developments such as automated collection of tomographic data, focal

  19. Ground-based observations of uranus and neptune using CCD instruments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author verifies that with the help of charge-coupled devices (CCD) great progress is being made in ground-based astronomical observations, including the study of the remote giant planets Uranus and Neptune. In reading the CCD the top row of pixels (potential wells) is moved into the sequential (shift) reading register; after this each row (line) of pixels moves its electrons upward (in each column) until the bottom row is cleared. This process is repeated for each row until the device is interrogated sequentially. The use of CCD detectors for purposes of image acquisition and spectroscopy has already found wide popularity at astronomical observatories, and soon it will spread to space research. The first known attempts to use CCD to obtain astronomical images was made by the author and his colleagues in April 1976. The result was the first observations of structure on the dark disk of Uranus. In general, the more refined the mathematical provision, the more information can be extracted from the images or spectra

  20. Full-field sensitivity and its time-dependence for the STIS CCD and MAMAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman-Duval, Julia; Proffitt, Charles

    2013-07-01

    The three STIS detectors - CCD, NUV-MAMA, FUV-MAMA - are subject to temperature- and time-dependent sensitivity changes. These temporal sensitivity variations are cal- ibrated as part of routine calibration monitoring programs, and corrected for in the standard CALSTIS pipeline. In order to determine whether the correction algorithms, developed based on spectroscopic observations prior to the 2004 failure of STIS, are adequate for pre- and post-SM4 STIS imaging data, we examine the photometry of stan- dard stellar fields (NGC5139 for the CCD, NGC6681 for the MAMAs) obtained between 1997 and 2012 as part of the routine full-field sensitivity calibration programs. For the CCD, we include a correction for CTE effects. We find statistically significant residual temporal variations in the full-field sensitivity of 0.5 mmag/year, 0.04 mmag/year, and 0.54 mmag/year for the CCD, NUV-MAMA, and FUV-MAMA respectively. However, these residual trends are small: they do not incur flux changes exceeding 1% over a 15 year time period.

  1. Acceleration through a Holistic Support Model: An Implementation and Outcomes Analysis of FastStart@CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edgecombe, Nikki; Jaggars, Shanna Smith; Baker, Elaine DeLott; Bailey, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Originally designed for students who test into at least two levels of developmental education in a particular subject area, FastStart is a compressed course program model launched in 2005 at the Community College of Denver (CCD). The program combines multiple semester-length courses into a single intensive semester, while providing case…

  2. Absolute spectral calibration of an intensified CCD camera using twin beams

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Haderka, O.; Peřina Jr., J.; Michálek, Václav; Hamar, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 31, č. 10 (2014), B1-B7. ISSN 0740-3224 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP205/12/0382 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : spectral calibration * intensified CCD camera * twin beams * photon pairs Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers Impact factor: 1.970, year: 2014

  3. The Design of FPGA-based Array CCD Sensor Drive System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chengtao Cai

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available CCD Sensor is the crutial equipment for environment perception which is widely used in various fields such as surveilliance,vision navigation and machine vision. The commercial CCD device has been encapsulated the sensor driver inside which is not opened for secondary development. Even this mode facilitate the usage but it really can not content the customizable need. For solving this challenging but imperative issue, we designed a novel CCD sensor driver system which implement the efficient and effective image acquisition task in customizing approach. The working principle and driving timing sequence about ICX625AQA the interline CCD image sensor used in our system are discussed in detail. For handling with this data intensive task, a high performance Field Programmable GateArray (FPGA controller is used for data allocation and translation, the peripheral circuits including AD9974 and CXD3400 drive interface which process the horizontal signal and vertical signal, respectively. The designed system proposed at the end of this paper.

  4. White-light fringe detection based on novel light-source and colour CCD camera

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Buchta, Zdeněk; Mikel, Břetislav; Lazar, Josef; Číp, Ondřej

    Brno : CMI, 2010. M05. [NanoScale 2010 - 9th Seminar on Quantitative Microscopy (QM) and 5th Seminar on Nanoscale Calibration Standards and Methods. 27.10.2010-29.10.2010, Brno] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20650511 Keywords : low-coherence interferometry * fringe analysis * CCD camera Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers

  5. Silvaco ATLAS model of ESA's Gaia satellite e2v CCD91-72 pixels

    CERN Document Server

    Seabroke, G M; Burt, D; Robbins, M S; 10.1117/12.856958

    2010-01-01

    The Gaia satellite is a high-precision astrometry, photometry and spectroscopic ESA cornerstone mission, currently scheduled for launch in 2012. Its primary science drivers are the composition, formation and evolution of the Galaxy. Gaia will achieve its unprecedented accuracy requirements with detailed calibration and correction for CCD radiation damage and CCD geometric distortion. In this paper, the third of the series, we present our 3D Silvaco ATLAS model of the Gaia e2v CCD91-72 pixel. We publish e2v's design model predictions for the capacities of one of Gaia's pixel features, the supplementary buried channel (SBC), for the first time. Kohley et al. (2009) measured the SBC capacities of a Gaia CCD to be an order of magnitude smaller than e2v's design. We have found the SBC doping widths that yield these measured SBC capacities. The widths are systematically 2 {\\mu}m offset to the nominal widths. These offsets appear to be uncalibrated systematic offsets in e2v photolithography, which could either be du...

  6. CCD linear image sensor ILX511 arrangment for a technical spectrometer

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bartoněk, L.; Keprt, Jiří; Vlček, Martin

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 33, 2-3 (2003), s. 548-553. ISSN 0078-5466 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1010921 Keywords : CCD linear sensor ILX511 * enhanced parallel port (EPP able IEEE1284) * A/D converter AD9280 Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers Impact factor: 0.221, year: 2003

  7. Radiation damage of the PCO Pixelfly VGA CCD camera of the BES system on KSTAR tokamak

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Náfrádi, Gábor, E-mail: nafradi@reak.bme.hu [NTI, BME, EURATOM Association, H-1111 Budapest (Hungary); Kovácsik, Ákos, E-mail: kovacsik.akos@reak.bme.hu [NTI, BME, EURATOM Association, H-1111 Budapest (Hungary); Pór, Gábor, E-mail: por@reak.bme.hu [NTI, BME, EURATOM Association, H-1111 Budapest (Hungary); Lampert, Máté, E-mail: lampert.mate@wigner.mta.hu [Wigner RCP, RMI, EURATOM Association, POB 49, 1525 Budapest (Hungary); Un Nam, Yong, E-mail: yunam@nfri.re.kr [NFRI, 169-148 Gwahak-Ro, Yuseong-Gu, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Zoletnik, Sándor, E-mail: zoletnik.sandor@wigner.mta.hu [Wigner RCP, RMI, EURATOM Association, POB 49, 1525 Budapest (Hungary)

    2015-01-11

    A PCO Pixelfly VGA CCD camera which is part a of the Beam Emission Spectroscopy (BES) diagnostic system of the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) used for spatial calibrations, suffered from serious radiation damage, white pixel defects have been generated in it. The main goal of this work was to identify the origin of the radiation damage and to give solutions to avoid it. Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended (MCNPX) model was built using Monte Carlo Modeling Interface Program (MCAM) and calculations were carried out to predict the neutron and gamma-ray fields in the camera position. Besides the MCNPX calculations pure gamma-ray irradiations of the CCD camera were carried out in the Training Reactor of BME. Before, during and after the irradiations numerous frames were taken with the camera with 5 s long exposure times. The evaluation of these frames showed that with the applied high gamma-ray dose (1.7 Gy) and dose rate levels (up to 2 Gy/h) the number of the white pixels did not increase. We have found that the origin of the white pixel generation was the neutron-induced thermal hopping of the electrons which means that in the future only neutron shielding is necessary around the CCD camera. Another solution could be to replace the CCD camera with a more radiation tolerant one for example with a suitable CMOS camera or apply both solutions simultaneously.

  8. Fast neutron fields imaging with a CCD-based luminescent detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper considers some questions concerned with the development of an imaging system based on a CCD-detector for visualising fast neutron fields. From those the most important are: development of fast neutron screens, detector resistance to irradiation fields, and feasibility of fast neutron radiography and tomography at various neutron sources

  9. Fast neutron fields imaging with a CCD-based luminescent detector

    CERN Document Server

    Mikerov, V

    1999-01-01

    The paper considers some questions concerned with the development of an imaging system based on a CCD-detector for visualising fast neutron fields. From those the most important are: development of fast neutron screens, detector resistance to irradiation fields, and feasibility of fast neutron radiography and tomography at various neutron sources.

  10. Recording of radiation-induced optical density changes in doped agarose gels with a CCD camera

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Spatially resolved dose measurement with iron-doped agarose gels is continuing to be investigated for applications in radiotherapy dosimetry. It has previously been proposed to use optical methods, rather than MRI, for dose measurement with such gels and this has been investigated using a spectrophotometer (Appleby A and Leghrouz A, Med Phys, 18:309-312, 1991). We have previously studied the use of a pencil beam laser for such optical density measurement of gels and are currently investigating charge-coupled devices (CCD) camera imaging for the same purpose but with the advantages of higher data acquisition rates and potentially greater spatial resolution. The gels used in these studies were poured, irradiated and optically analysed in Perspex casts providing gel sections 1 cm thick and up to 20 cm x 30 cm in dimension. The gels were also infused with a metal indicator dye (xylenol orange) to render the radiation induced oxidation of the iron in the gel sensitive to optical radiation, specifically in the green spectral region. Data acquisition with the CCD camera involved illumination of the irradiated gel section with a diffuse white light source, with the light from the plane of the gel section focussed to the CCD array with a manual zoom lens. The light was also filtered with a green colour glass filter to maximise the contrast between unirradiated and irradiated gels. The CCD camera (EG and G Reticon MC4013) featured a 1024 x 1024 pixel array and was interfaced to a PC via a frame grabber acquisition board with 8 bit resolution. The performance of the gel dosimeter was appraised in mapping of physical and dynamic wedged 6 MV X-ray fields. The results from the CCD camera detection system were compared with both ionisation chamber data and laser based optical density measurements of the gels. Cross beam profiles were extracted from each measurement system at a particular depth (eg. 2.3 cm for the physical wedge field) for direct comparison. A

  11. Site locality identification study: Hanford Site. Volume II. Data cataloging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-07-01

    Data compilation and cataloging for the candidate site locality identification study were conducted in order to provide a retrievable data cataloging system for the present siting study and future site evaluation and licensng processes. This task occurred concurrently with and also independently of other tasks of the candidate site locality identification study. Work in this task provided the data utilized primarily in the development and application of screening and ranking processes to identify candidate site localities on the Hanford Site. The overall approach included two steps: (1) data acquisition and screening; and (2) data compilation and cataloging. Data acquisition and screening formed the basis for preliminary review of data sources with respect to their probable utilization in the candidate site locality identification study and review with respect to the level of completeness and detail of the data. The important working assumption was that the data to be used in the study be based on existing and available published and unpublished literature. The data compilation and cataloging provided the basic product of the Task; a retrievable data cataloging system in the form of an annotated reference list and key word index and an index of compiled data. The annotated reference list and key word index are cross referenced and can be used to trace and retrieve the data sources utilized in the candidate site locality identification study.

  12. A Catalog of Geologic Data for the Hanford Site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horton, Duane G.; Last, George V.; Gilmore, Tyler J.; Bjornstad, Bruce N.

    2001-09-19

    This report catalogs the existing geologic data that can be found in various databases, published and unpublished reports, and in individuals' technical files. The scope of this catalog is primarily on the 100, 200, and 300 Areas, with a particular emphasis on the 200 Areas. Over 2,922 wells are included in the catalog. Nearly all of these wells (2,459) have some form of driller's or geologist's log. Archived samples are available for 1,742 wells. Particle size data are available from 1,078 wells and moisture data are available from 356 wells. Some form of chemical property data is available from 588 wells. However, this catalog is by no means complete. Numerous individuals have been involved in various geologic-related studies of the Hanford Site. The true extent of unpublished data retained in their technical files is unknown. However, this data catalog is believed to represent the majority (>90%) of the geologic data that is currently retrievable.

  13. A Catalog of Candidate High-redshift Blazars for GLAST

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arias, Tersi M.; /SLAC /San Francisco State U.

    2006-09-27

    High-redshift blazars are promising candidates for detection by the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST). GLAST, expected to be launched in the Fall of 2007, is a high-energy gamma-ray observatory designed for making observations of celestial gamma-ray sources in the energy band extending from 10 MeV to more than 200 GeV. It is estimated that GLAST will find several thousand blazars. The motivations for measuring the gamma-ray emission from distant blazars include the study of the high-energy emission processes occurring in these sources and an indirect measurement of the extragalactic background light. In anticipation of the launch of GLAST we have compiled a catalog of candidate high-redshift blazars. The criteria for sources chosen for the catalog were: high radio emission, high redshift, and a flat radio spectrum. A preliminary list of 307 radio sources brighter than 70mJy with a redshift z {ge} 2.5 was acquired using data from the NASA Extragalactic Database. Flux measurements of each source were obtained at two or more radio frequencies from surveys and catalogs to calculate their radio spectral indices {alpha}. The sources with a flat-radio spectrum ({alpha} {le} 0.5) were selected for the catalog, and the final catalog includes about 200 sources.

  14. The zCOSMOS 20k Group Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Knobel, C; Iovino, A; Kovac, K; Bschorr, T J; Presotto, V; Oesch, P A; Kampczyk, P; Carollo, C M; Contini, T; Kneib, J -P; Fevre, O Le; Mainieri, V; Renzini, A; Scodeggio, M; Zamorani, G; Bardelli, S; Bolzonella, M; Bongiorno, A; Caputi, K; Cucciati, O; de la Torre, S; de Ravel, L; Franzetti, P; Garilli, B; Lamareille, F; Borgne, J -F Le; Brun, V Le; Maier, C; Mignoli, M; Pello, R; Peng, Y; Montero, E Perez; Silverman, J; Tanaka, M; Tasca, L; Tresse, L; Vergani, D; Zucca, E; Barnes, L; Bordoloi, R; Cappi, A; Cimatti, A; Coppa, G; Koekemoer, A M; López-Sanjuan, C; McCracken, H J; Moresco, M; Nair, P; Pozzetti, L; Welikala, N; 10.1088/0004-637X/753/2/121

    2012-01-01

    We present an optical group catalog between 0.1 < z < 1 based on 16,500 high-quality spectroscopic redshifts in the completed zCOSMOS-bright survey. The catalog published herein contains 1498 groups in total and 192 groups with more than five observed members. The catalog includes both group properties and the identification of the member galaxies. Based on mock catalogs, the completeness and purity of groups with three and more members should be both about 83% with respect to all groups that should have been detectable within the survey, and more than 75% of the groups should exhibit a one-to-one correspondence to the "real" groups. Particularly at high redshift, there are apparently more galaxies in groups in the COSMOS field than expected from mock catalogs. We detect clear evidence for the growth of cosmic structure over the last seven billion years in the sense that the fraction of galaxies that are found in groups (in volume-limited samples) increases significantly with cosmic time. In the second ...

  15. A Catalog of Geologic Data for the Hanford Site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report catalogs the existing geologic data that can be found in various databases, published and unpublished reports, and in individuals' technical files. The scope of this catalog is primarily on the 100, 200, and 300 Areas, with a particular emphasis on the 200 Areas. Over 2,922 wells are included in the catalog. Nearly all of these wells (2,459) have some form of driller's or geologist's log. Archived samples are available for 1,742 wells. Particle size data are available from 1,078 wells and moisture data are available from 356 wells. Some form of chemical property data is available from 588 wells. However, this catalog is by no means complete. Numerous individuals have been involved in various geologic-related studies of the Hanford Site. The true extent of unpublished data retained in their technical files is unknown. However, this data catalog is believed to represent the majority (>90%) of the geologic data that is currently retrievable

  16. Site locality identification study: Hanford Site. Volume II. Data cataloging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Data compilation and cataloging for the candidate site locality identification study were conducted in order to provide a retrievable data cataloging system for the present siting study and future site evaluation and licensng processes. This task occurred concurrently with and also independently of other tasks of the candidate site locality identification study. Work in this task provided the data utilized primarily in the development and application of screening and ranking processes to identify candidate site localities on the Hanford Site. The overall approach included two steps: (1) data acquisition and screening; and (2) data compilation and cataloging. Data acquisition and screening formed the basis for preliminary review of data sources with respect to their probable utilization in the candidate site locality identification study and review with respect to the level of completeness and detail of the data. The important working assumption was that the data to be used in the study be based on existing and available published and unpublished literature. The data compilation and cataloging provided the basic product of the Task; a retrievable data cataloging system in the form of an annotated reference list and key word index and an index of compiled data. The annotated reference list and key word index are cross referenced and can be used to trace and retrieve the data sources utilized in the candidate site locality identification study

  17. Leveraging data lineage to infer logical relationships between astronomical catalogs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buddelmeijer, Hugo; Valentijn, Edwin A.

    2013-01-01

    A novel method to infer logical relationships between sets is presented. These sets can be any collection of elements, for example astronomical catalogs of celestial objects. The method does not require the contents of the sets to be known explicitly. It combines incomplete knowledge about the relationships between sets to infer a priori unknown relationships. Relationships between sets are represented by sets of Boolean hypercubes. This leads to deductive reasoning by application of logical operators to these sets of hypercubes. A pseudo code for an efficient implementation is described. The method is used in the Astro-WISE information system to infer relationships between catalogs of astronomical objects. These catalogs can be very large and, more importantly, their contents do not have to be available at all times. Science products are stored in Astro-WISE with references to other science products from which they are derived, or their dependencies. This creates a full data lineage that links every science product all the way back to the raw data. Catalogs are created in a way that maximizes knowledge about their relationship with their dependencies. The presented algorithm is used to determine which objects a catalog represents by leveraging this information.

  18. System for star catalog equalization to enhance attitude determination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yong (Inventor); Wu, Yeong-Wei Andy (Inventor); Li, Rongsheng (Inventor)

    2001-01-01

    An apparatus for star catalog equalization to enhance attitude determination includes a star tracker, a star catalog and a controller. The star tracker is used to sense the positions of stars and generate signals corresponding to the positions of the stars as seen in its field of view. The star catalog contains star location data that is stored using a primary and multiple secondary arrays sorted by both declination (DEC) and right ascension (RA), respectively. The star location data stored in the star catalog is predetermined by calculating a plurality of desired star locations, associating one of a plurality of stars with each of the plurality of desired star locations based upon a neighborhood association angle to generate an associated plurality of star locations: If an artificial star gap occurs during association, then the neighborhood association angle for reassociation is increased. The controller uses the star catalog to determine which stars to select to provide star measurement residuals for correcting gyroscope bias and spacecraft attitude.

  19. 从RDA想开去 = RDA and Related Issues: What will RDA Bring to International Library Cataloging Community?

    OpenAIRE

    Gu, Ben

    2010-01-01

    According to his experience in international library cataloging community, the author discusses the relationships of RDA with International Cataloguing Code, ISBD and Chinese Library Cataloging Rules.

  20. Semisupervised Learning Taxonomy-Aware Catalog Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Umavathi M.Sc1 , R.Tamil selvi M.Sc., M.Phil

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Data integration is the major important task for online commercial portals and commerce search engine based applications. The data integration task faced by online commercial portals and e-commerce search engines are the integration of products coming from multiple providers to their product catalogs. Categorization of products from the data provides into the master taxonomy and whereas make use of the data provider taxonomy information becomes major problem. Overcome this problem we classify the products based on their textual based classifier and taxonomy-aware step that adjusts the results of a textual based classifier to ensure that products that are close together in the provider taxonomy remain close in the master taxonomy. In taxonomy aware calibration step the base classifier derives the parameters value by tuning the values. Existing base classifier step, still it becomes major problem identify candidate products for labeling the products, to overcome these problem we proposed a Semi supervised learning techniques to incrementally retrain the base classifier with elements chosen during the taxonomy-aware calibration step. Proposed system it categorizes the product based on their parameters choosen from calibration. Semi supervised learning algorithm involves a large amount of unlabeled product data with only a small number of labeled product data. Semisupervised based active learning method identifies the candidate products for labeling. Proposed system finds the each candidate parameter ࢏ࣂ and then find the optimal parameter ࢽ such that the improve the accuracy on the validation set is maximized. An experimental result shows that the Semi supervised learning algorithm that are efficient and thus applicable to the large data sets that are typical on the web.

  1. Generating catalogs of transverse matching solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Programs such as TRANSPORT or TRACE can find transverse beam matching solutions one at a time when given appropriate starting conditions. In the present work, an algorithm is described which rapidly finds a catalog of approximate transverse beam matching solutions. For a given initial beam, the algorithm finds the gradients of four quadrupole magnets such as to get four Twiss parameters (alpha and beta for horizontal and vertical planes) which are close to a set of desired values at the exit of a constant-energy beam line with no horizontal-vertical cross coupling and no space charge. The beam line may contain bending elements with edge corrections and other elements for which the r matrixes are known. The algorithm transforms the entrance and exit beam specifications to waist specifications, and uses the properties of waist-to-waist transport to reduce the problem from a four dimensional search to a two dimensional search. At the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) accelerator, transverse matching is important in the low-energy transport lines (0.75 MeV), where beams from the H+, H/sup /minus//, and polarized H/sup /minus// sources must be tailored for injection into the drift-tube linac; and in the transition region (100 MeV), where the beam from the drift-tube linac is injected into the side-coupled linac. Space charge has significant effects in the low-energy transport, but it is still valuable to get no-space-charge matching solutions as a starting point for solutions with space charge. 2 refs

  2. 76 FR 73720 - Knowledge and Abilities Catalog for Nuclear Power Plant Operators: Westinghouse AP1000...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... COMMISSION Knowledge and Abilities Catalog for Nuclear Power Plant Operators: Westinghouse AP1000 Pressurized..., NUREG-2103, Revision 0, ``Knowledge and Abilities Catalog for Nuclear Power Plant Operators... with the Operator Licensing Examination Standards for Power Reactors (NUREG-1021) will sample...

  3. Educating Cataloger in The Electronic Environment : A Study For Education ad Training Programs in Egypt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Fathy A.Hady

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available A Study about education programs about cataloging in the electronic environment, the study deals the modern trends in cataloging courses of 7 departments for librarianship in Egypt.

  4. Safeguards instrumentation: a computer-based catalog. Second edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This catalog contains entries on new developments and on items listed in BNL 51450, which have either been carried over unchanged or been updated. More than 70 entries were deleted because of either obsolescence, insufficient interest in terms of safeguards, or lack of documentable development activities in recent years. Some old listings as well as new material was consolidated into more generic entries. As in the earlier document, the emphasis is on devices and instruments that are either in field use at this time or under active development. A few items such as NDA reference materials, instrument vans and certain shipping containers are included because they are important adjuncts to optimum utilization of safeguards instrumentation. This catalog does not include devices for physical protection. As was the case with its predecessor, most of the material in this catalog originated in the US and Canada; a few contributions came from member states of the European Community

  5. Leveraging Data Lineage to Infer Logical Relationships between Astronomical Catalogs

    CERN Document Server

    Buddelmeijer, Hugo

    2012-01-01

    A novel method to infer logical relationships between sets is presented. These sets can be any collection of elements, for example astronomical catalogs of celestial objects. The method does not require the contents of the sets to be known explicitly. It combines incomplete knowledge about the relationships between sets to infer a priori unknown relationships. Relationships between sets are represented by sets of Boolean hypercubes. This leads to deductive reasoning by application of logical operators to these sets of hypercubes. A pseudocode for an efficient implementation is described. The method is used in the Astro-WISE information system to infer relationships between catalogs of astronomical objects. These catalogs can be very large and, more importantly, their contents do not have to be available at all times. Science products are stored in Astro-WISE with references to other science products from which they are derived, or their dependencies. This creates full data lineage that links every science pro...

  6. The DES Science Verification Weak Lensing Shear Catalogs

    CERN Document Server

    Jarvis, M; Zuntz, J; Kacprzak, T; Bridle, S L; Amara, A; Armstrong, R; Becker, M R; Bernstein, G M; Bonnett, C; Chang, C; Das, R; Dietrich, J P; Drlica-Wagner, A; Eifler, T F; Gangkofner, C; Gruen, D; Hirsch, M; Huff, E M; Jain, B; Kent, S; MacCrann, N; Melchior, P; Plazas, A A; Refregier, A; Rowe, B; Rykoff, E S; Samuroff, S; Sánchez, C; Suchyta, E; Troxel, M A; Vikram, V; Abbott, T; Abdalla, F B; Allam, S; Annis, J; Benoit-Lévy, A; Bertin, E; Brooks, D; Buckley-Geer, E; Burke, D L; Capozzi, D; Rosell, A Carnero; Kind, M Carrasco; Carretero, J; Castander, F J; Crocce, M; Cunha, C E; D'Andrea, C B; da Costa, L N; DePoy, D L; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Doel, P; Neto, A Fausti; Flaugher, B; Fosalba, P; Frieman, J; Gaztanaga, E; Gerdes, D W; Gruendl, R A; Gutierrez, G; Honscheid, K; James, D J; Kuehn, K; Kuropatkin, N; Lahav, O; Li, T S; Lima, M; March, M; Martini, P; Miquel, R; Mohr, J J; Neilsen, E; Nord, B; Ogando, R; Reil, K; Romer, A K; Roodman, A; Sako, M; Sanchez, E; Scarpine, V; Schubnell, M; Sevilla-Noarbe, I; Smith, R C; Soares-Santos, M; Sobreira, F; Swanson, M E C; Tarle, G; Thaler, J; Thomas, D; Walker, A R; Wechsler, R H

    2015-01-01

    We present weak lensing shear catalogs for 139 square degrees of data taken during the Science Verification (SV) time for the new Dark Energy Camera (DECam) being used for the Dark Energy Survey (DES). We describe our object selection, point spread function estimation and shear measurement procedures using two independent shear pipelines, IM3SHAPE and NGMIX, which produce catalogs of 2.12 million and 3.44 million galaxies respectively. We detail a set of null tests for the shear measurements and find that they pass the requirements for systematic errors at the level necessary for weak lensing science applications using the SV data. We also discuss some of the planned algorithmic improvements that will be necessary to produce sufficiently accurate shear catalogs for the full 5-year DES, which is expected to cover 5000 square degrees.

  7. Effective Dark Matter Halo catalog in $f(R)$ gravity

    CERN Document Server

    He, Jian-hua; Li, Baojiu; Guzzo, Luigi

    2015-01-01

    We introduce the idea of {\\it effective} dark matter halo catalog in $f(R)$ gravity, which is built using the {\\it effective} density field. Using a suite of high resolution N-body simulations, we find that the dynamical properties of halos, such as the distribution of density, velocity dispersion, specific angular momentum and spin, in the effective catalog of $f(R)$ gravity closely mimic those in the $\\Lambda$CDM model. Thus, when using effective halos, an $f(R)$ model can be viewed as a $\\Lambda$CDM model. This effective catalog therefore provides a convenient way for studying the galaxy halo occupation distribution or even semi-analytical galaxy formation in $f(R)$ cosmologies.

  8. Safeguards instrumentation: a computer-based catalog. Second edition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Auerbach, C.

    1985-04-01

    This catalog contains entries on new developments and on items listed in BNL 51450, which have either been carried over unchanged or been updated. More than 70 entries were deleted because of either obsolescence, insufficient interest in terms of safeguards, or lack of documentable development activities in recent years. Some old listings as well as new material was consolidated into more generic entries. As in the earlier document, the emphasis is on devices and instruments that are either in field use at this time or under active development. A few items such as NDA reference materials, instrument vans and certain shipping containers are included because they are important adjuncts to optimum utilization of safeguards instrumentation. This catalog does not include devices for physical protection. As was the case with its predecessor, most of the material in this catalog originated in the US and Canada; a few contributions came from member states of the European Community.

  9. The DES Science Verification Weak Lensing Shear Catalogs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jarvis, M. [Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States). et al.

    2015-07-20

    We present weak lensing shear catalogs for 139 square degrees of data taken during the Science Verification (SV) time for the new Dark Energy Camera (DECam) being used for the Dark Energy Survey (DES). We describe our object selection, point spread function estimation and shear measurement procedures using two independent shear pipelines, IM3SHAPE and NGMIX, which produce catalogs of 2.12 million and 3.44 million galaxies respectively. We also detail a set of null tests for the shear measurements and find that they pass the requirements for systematic errors at the level necessary for weak lensing science applications using the SV data. Furthermore, we discuss some of the planned algorithmic improvements that will be necessary to produce sufficiently accurate shear catalogs for the full 5-year DES, which is expected to cover 5000 square degrees.

  10. Providing Enhanced Access for the Oregon State University College Catalogs : A Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Kunda, Susan A.; Nielsen, Elizabeth A.

    2011-01-01

    The academic catalog is a vital record for colleges and universities. Until the late 1980s, Oregon State University catalogs were published, distributed and archived solely in print format. With the advent of web and digital technologies, the Oregon State University Registrar’s Office also began placing an electronic version of the most recent catalogs online, while the Oregon State University Libraries provided access to earlier versions of the catalog through a subscription to College Sourc...

  11. FRBR、RDA与eXtensible Catalog%FRBR,RDA and eXtensible Catalog

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金晶; 姜恩波

    2012-01-01

    This article introduces the background and development situations about FRBR/RDA, takes the eXtensible Catalog (XC) as an example to represent the details and strengths of the XC in metadata transformation services. Hope it will provide reference for the development of library linked data in China.%通过对FRBR/RDA相关背景和发展概况的介绍,以eXtensibleCatalog(XC)元数据管理发布平台为例,讲述了XC在传统图书馆元数据转化方面的相关细节和优势,以期为我国图书馆关联数据化的发展提供一些借鉴与参考。

  12. Industrial Arts Education Competency Catalogs for Communication Technology, Materials and Processes Technology, Power and Transportation Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dugger, William E.; And Others

    Three competency catalogs of tasks for industrial arts programs are presented. These include catalogs in Communications Technology, Materials and Processes Technology, and Power and Transportation Technology. The purpose of each catalog is to establish a basis for program content selection and criterion levels from which one may measure to see if…

  13. Minimal-Level Cataloging: A Look at the Issues--A Symposium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horny, Karen L.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Six articles on pros and cons of minimal-level cataloging (MLC) highlight patron access and browsability, time and cost savings, network and bibliographic utility cooperation, standards, alternatives to MLC, levels of records, online catalogs, experimental cataloging program at University of Michigan, and experiences at Kent State University…

  14. Cataloging with AACR2R and USMARC: For Books, Computer Files, Serials, Sound Recordings, Videorecordings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, Deborah A.

    Machine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) is the dominant format for the bibliographic cataloging of all types of library materials. This source cross references "Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, 2nd ed., 1988 revision" (AACR2R), MARC tags/subfields, and interpretations for Library of Congress rules for each of the major media categories. This book…

  15. The Use of the Rare Book Cataloging Standards in the OCLC Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Mary Ann

    In order to produce adequate catalog records for rare books, catalogers concern themselves with detailed transcription of title page information and an exact description of the book. Another concern largely unknown in general cataloging is the tracing of special access points that relate the physical features of a book and terms for persons…

  16. Bringing Federal Documents to the Forefront for Library Users: Selective Cataloging Using an OPAC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliva, Victor T.

    2000-01-01

    Reviews the value of federal depository document titles and discuses reasons why many are worth cataloging. Several approaches to cataloging these titles to make them more readily accessible are profiled. The Adelphi University Library (New York) has devised a system, using Boolean logic and an online public access catalog to choose which titles…

  17. Records for Electronic Databases in the Online Catalog at Middle Tennessee State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geckle, Beverly J.; Pozzebon, Mary Ellen; Williams, Jo

    2008-01-01

    This article recounts a project at the Middle Tennessee State University library to include records for electronic databases in the online catalog. Although electronic databases are accessible via the library's Databases A-Z list and related subject guides, cataloging these resources also provides access via the online catalog, allowing more of…

  18. An IT Service Taxonomy for Elaborating IT Service Catalog

    OpenAIRE

    Rabbi, Md Forhad

    2009-01-01

    In this thesis, I, as the author, have tried to propose a methodology for establishing IT service taxonomy in order to elaborate IT service portfolio and IT service catalog. As a core part of my thesis, IT service taxonomy has been discussed to manage IT services in an efficient way in the small and medium sized enterprises The small and medium sized enterprises can use the categories and sub categories of this taxonomy to define their service catalog and portfolio. In that regards, a list of...

  19. Tests and applications of the SXS binary black hole catalog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheel, Mark; Simulations of Extreme Spacetimes (SXS) Collaboration Collaboration

    2016-03-01

    Numerical relativity is the only reliable method of computing the full gravitational waveform--including inspiral, merger, and ringdown--for strongly-gravitating systems like coalescing black holes, which are of foremost importance to gravitational-wave interferometers such as LIGO. We have used the Spectral Einstein Code [black-holes.org/SpEC.html] to construct a public catalog of hundreds of binary black hole simulations, for use by gravitational-wave science, and for calibration of fast analytic models of binary black-hole waveforms. We discuss the current status of the catalog, tests of the resulting waveforms, and selected applications.

  20. Serials cataloging at the turn of the century

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, James W

    2014-01-01

    An overview of the research topics and trends that have appeared over the last five years, Serials Cataloging at the Turn of the Century doesn't just tell you that there has been a lot of change--that the information environment is something of a chameleon, always beguiling and slipping out of grasp. Instead, it gives you the plain facts on the specific challenges serials catalogers have been facing and how they're meeting adversity head-on, ready to gain the advantage in the rumble with proliferating information and formats.Comprehensive, resource-packed, and easy-to-digest, Serials Catalogin

  1. Which part of a CCD pixel is sensitive to the proton damage?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A mesh experiment is, so far, the only practical technique to study charge-coupled devices (CCD) response with subpixel resolution. Since the Chandra ACIS was seriously damaged by low-energy protons in orbit, we undertook a mesh experiment with a relatively low-energy proton beam. The CCD used was designed for the Solid Slit Camera (SSC) employed by the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) mission that is scheduled to be onboard the International Space Station in 2007. It consists of 1024x1024 pixels, each 24 μm square. Each pixel is equipped with a 'notch' structure in the center to make it radiation hard. A proton beam energy has been selected so that the protons passing through the mesh holes, 2 μm in diameter, will penetrate into the CCD chip and damage the transfer channel. At the beginning of the experiment, we used a low intensity proton beam and operated the CCD in proton count mode in order to precisely determine the mutual alignment between the mesh and the CCD. Then, we irradiated the CCD with a strong proton beam, which increased the charge transfer inefficiency (CTI) from 10-6 to 10-4. After the proton irradiation, we removed the mesh and measured the CTI with X-rays. In this way, we determined the CTI for individual pixels. We see that there is a high CTI region running through the center of the pixels from top to bottom. This corresponds to the notch region where the charge is transferred. Pixels whose notch structures are damaged show a CTI of ∼3x10-4 that is about three times worse than those damaged outside the notch regions. When the proton damages in the notch structure, the signal charges are easily trapped, resulting in a high CTI. Our results clearly show that the non-uniformity of the CTI is due to the notch structure. This result is consistent with other experiments showing the effectiveness of the notch structure

  2. How Complete is the ISC-GEM Global Earthquake Catalog?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael, A. J.

    2013-12-01

    In January, 2013, the International Seismological Centre (ISC), in collaboration with the Global Earthquake Model (GEM) effort, released a new global earthquake catalog, covering the time period from 1900 through the end of 2009. The ISC-GEM catalog effort made substantial improvements over existing catalogs by adding new phase data, relocating all events using one method, and reviewing and revising magnitudes. In order to use this catalog for global earthquake studies, I determined the magnitude of completeness (Mc) as a function of time. First, I divided the catalog into 7 time periods based on major changes in catalog processing and data availability. For each time period, I used 4 objective methods to determine Mc, with uncertainties determined by non-parametric bootstrapping. Due to differences between the 4 methods, the final Mc was determined subjectively by examining the features that each method focused on in both the cumulative and binned magnitude frequency distributions (MFD). Features which were subjectively rejected as correct Mc determinations included complications in the MFD at high magnitudes well above a linear portion of the MFD, large curvature of the MFD at magnitudes below smaller curvatures, and changes in the MFD that were actually in an increase above a Gutenberg-Richter distribution with decreasing magnitude. The high end of the bootstrap confidence range was preferred so that there is 95% confidence that Mc is not underestimated. The time periods and Mc values are: 1900-1917, Mc=7.7; 1918-1939 Mc=6.8; 1940-1954, Mc=6.8; 1955-1963, Mc=6.5; 1964-1975, Mc=6.0; 1976-2003, Mc=5.8; and 2004-2009, Mc=5.7. Using these Mc values for the longest time periods they are valid for (e.g. 1918-2009, 1940-2009,...) the data fits a Gutenberg-Richter relationship with b=1.0 and a=8.3, within 1 std. dev, with no declustering. The exception is for time periods that include 1900-1917 in which there are only 28 events with M≥Mc and the largest event is only

  3. Design for the correction system of the real time nonuniformity of large area-array CCD image

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan; Li, Chunmei; Lei, Ning

    2012-10-01

    With the robust thriving of aviation cameras and remote sensing technology, the linear-array CCD (charge-coupled device) and area CCD have developed toward large area CCD, which has a broad coverage and avoids the difficulty in jointing small area CCDs in addition to improving time resolution. However, due to the high amount of pixels and channels of large area CCD, photo-response non-uniformity (PRNU) is severe. In this paper, a real time non-uniformity correction system is introduced for a sort of large area full frame transfer CCD. First, the correction algorithm is elaborated according to CCD's working principle. Secondly, due to the high number of pixels and correction coefficient, ordinary chip memory cannot meet the requirement. The combination of external flash memory and DDR described in the paper satisfies large capacity memory and rapid real time correction. The methods and measurement steps for obtaining correction factors are provided simultaneously. At the end, an imaging test is made. The non-uniformity of the image is reduced to 0.38 % from the pre-correction 2.96 %, achieving an obvious reduction of non-uniformity. The result shows that the real time non-uniformity correction system can meet the demands of large area-array CCD.

  4. VizieR Online Data Catalog: 1103 parallaxes and proper motions from URAT (Finch+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, C. T.; Zacharias, N.

    2016-07-01

    We present 1103 trigonometric parallaxes and proper motions from the United States Naval Observatory (USNO) Robotic Astrometric Telescope (URAT) observations taken at the Naval Observatory Flagstaff Station (NOFS). URAT observes through a single filter (part of the dewar window) to provide a fixed bandpass of about 680 to 760nm. The clear aperture of the USNO astrograph is 206mm with a focal length of only 2m. A single exposure covers 28 square degrees with a resolution of 0.9arcsec/pixel. Each of the four large CCDs in the focal plane covers a 2.65 by 2.65 deg area on the sky. Data of all three years of operations (2012 April to 2015 June) at the NOFS are used here for this parallax investigation. For more details about the project, instrument, and observing the reader is referred to the URAT1 paper (Zacharias et al. 2015, cat. I/329). (3 data files).

  5. A position sensitive detector using an interline transfer imaging CCD at standard TV rate and room temperature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper shows the possibility of using an interline transfer (and floating gate) imaging CCD as X-ray and charged particle detector, running at standard TV rate (7.16 MHz) and room temperature (296 K). Experimental tests have been made using a Fairchild CCD 222 with exposures to 55Fe, 90Sr, 241Am radiation sources. The CCD is linked to a personal computer through a video processor and the events are filtered and analyzed by digital image processing. The rms noise has been measured as a function of the temperature obtaining about 87 electrons/pixel at 296 K. (orig.)

  6. A Real-Time Lane Detection Algorithm Based on Intelligent CCD Parameters Regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping-shu Ge

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Lane departure warning system (LDWS has been regarded as an efficient method to lessen the damages of road traffic accident resulting from driver fatigue or inattention. Lane detection is one of the key techniques for LDWS. To overcome the contradiction between complexity of algorithm and the real-time requirement for vehicle onboard system, this paper introduces a new lane detection method based on intelligent CCD parameters regulation. In order to improve the real-time capability of the system, a CCD parameters regulating method is proposed which enhances the contrast between lane line and road surfaces and reduces image noise, so it lays a good foundation for the following lane detection. Hough transform algorithm is improved by selection and classification of seed points. Finally the lane line is extracted through some restrictions. Experimental results verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, which improves not only real-time capability but also the accuracy of the system.

  7. Development of a 300,000-pixel ultrahigh-speed high-sensitivity CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohtake, H.; Hayashida, T.; Kitamura, K.; Arai, T.; Yonai, J.; Tanioka, K.; Maruyama, H.; Etoh, T. Goji; Poggemann, D.; Ruckelshausen, A.; van Kuijk, H.; Bosiers, Jan T.

    2006-02-01

    We are developing an ultrahigh-speed, high-sensitivity broadcast camera that is capable of capturing clear, smooth slow-motion videos even where lighting is limited, such as at professional baseball games played at night. In earlier work, we developed an ultrahigh-speed broadcast color camera1) using three 80,000-pixel ultrahigh-speed, highsensitivity CCDs2). This camera had about ten times the sensitivity of standard high-speed cameras, and enabled an entirely new style of presentation for sports broadcasts and science programs. Most notably, increasing the pixel count is crucially important for applying ultrahigh-speed, high-sensitivity CCDs to HDTV broadcasting. This paper provides a summary of our experimental development aimed at improving the resolution of CCD even further: a new ultrahigh-speed high-sensitivity CCD that increases the pixel count four-fold to 300,000 pixels.

  8. CCD Photometry of NGC 2482 and Five Previously Unobserved Open Star Clusters

    CERN Document Server

    Krisciunas, Kevin; Dias, Wilton

    2014-01-01

    We present BV and u'g'r'i' CCD photometry of the central region of NGC 2482. We also present BVu'g' CCD photometry of five clusters that have been poorly studied in the past: Ruprecht 42, Ruprecht 51, Ruprecht 153, Ruprecht 154; and AH03 J0748-26.9, which to our knowledge has not been studied before. Using a global optimization technique that eliminates much of the subjectivity previously inherent in main sequence fitting studies, we obtain values of the distances, ages, and metallicities of the clusters, with robust estimates of the uncertainties of these fundamental parameters. Four of our clusters are less than ~1.3 kpc beyond the Sun's distance from the Galactic Center and have essentially solar metallicity. The metallicities of those clusters more distant from the Galactic Center are consistent with a 0.3 dex step to lower [Fe/H] found in other studies.

  9. A Simple Approach of CCD Camera Calibration for Optical Diagnostics Instrumentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cha, Soyoung Stephen; Leslie, Fred W.; Ramachandran, Narayanan; Rose, M. Franklin (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Solid State array sensors are ubiquitous nowadays for obtaining gross field images in numerous scientific and engineering applications including optical diagnostics and instrumentation. Linear responses of these sensors are often required as in interferometry, light scattering and attenuation measurements, and photometry. In most applications, the linearity is usually taken to be granted without thorough quantitative assessment or correction through calibration. Upper-grade CCD cameras of high price may offer better linearity: however, they also require linearity checking and correction if necessary. Intermediate- or low-grade CCD cameras are more likely to need calibration for linearity . Here, we present two very simple approaches: one for quickly checking camera linearity without any additional setup and one for precisely correcting nonlinear sensor responses. It is believed that after calibration, those sensors of intermediate or low grade can function as effectively as their expensive counterpart.

  10. VXD3: The SLD vertex detector upgrade based on a 307 Mpixel CCD system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SLD Collaboration is building a new CCD vertex detector (VXD3) comprising 96 3.2 Mpixel CCDs of 13 cm2 each for a total of 307 million pixels. This system is an upgrade of the Pioneering CCD vertex detector VXD2 which has operated in SLD since 1992. The CCDs of VXD3 are mounted on beryllium ladders in three cylinders, providing three space point measurements along each track of about 5 microns resolution in all three coordinates. The design and construction of VXD3 builds on three years of successful performance of VXD2. Significant improvements are achieved with VXD3 in impact parameters resolution (about a factor of two) and acceptance (∼20%) through optimized geometry and reduced material. New readout electronics have been developed for this system. This new vertex detector will be installed in late 1995 for the future runs of SLD

  11. The Brighter-Fatter and other sensor effects in CCD simulations for precision astronomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Upcoming and current large astronomical survey experiments often seek to constrain cosmological parameters via measurements of subtle effects such as weak lensing, which can only be measured statistically. In these cases, instrumental effects in the image plane CCDs need to be accounted and/or corrected for in measurement algorithms. Otherwise, the systematic errors induced in the measurements might overwhelm the size of the desired effects. Lateral electric fields in the bulk of the CCDs caused by field shaping potentials or space charge build up as the electrons in the image are acquired can cause lateral deflections of the electrons drifting in the CCD bulk. Here, I report on the LSST effort to model these effects on a photon-by-photon basis by the use of a Monte Carlo technique. The eventual goal of this work is to produce a CCD model validated by laboratory data which can then be used to evaluate its effects on weak lensing science

  12. X-ray apparatus with scintillator and charge-coupled devices (CCD) sensor for dental radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The apparatus includes an X-ray source coupled with a receiver both being placed on a support which can rotate about a vertical axis. The receiver comprises a slit receiving incident X-rays which are collected by a charge-coupled device (CCD) sensor via a scintillator screen. The sensor consists of an array of X-ray detectors which generate the X-ray image line by line. The image is transferred to an output amplifier and processed so that each element of the image is digitized and stored in a memory unit. The receiver also includes a mobile part which can be moved with the speed of a radiography film. The advantage of this technology is to enable panoramic images of objects using CCD detectors which can be adapted to existing apparatus. (authors). 2 figs

  13. A tiled CCD detector with 2x2 array and tapered fibre optics for electron microscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Faruqi, A R; Cattermole, D M; Stubbings, S

    2002-01-01

    Charge coupled devices (CCD)-based detectors have made a major impact on data collection in electron microscopy over the past few years. There have been a number of successful applications of CCDs in electron crystallography of two-dimensional protein crystal arrays but high-resolution imaging has been hampered by the relatively poor spatial resolution (and fewer independent pixels) compared to film. A partial solution to this problem, presented in this paper, are to design detectors with larger effective pixel sizes and with more pixels. A CCD detector with a much greater number of 'independent' pixels, achieved by tiling a 2x2 array of CCDs, each of which has 1242x1152 pixels is described here. The sensitive area of the detector, using fibre optics with a demagnification of 2.5 : 1, is 140x130 mm sup 2; the pixel size is 56 mu m square and there is a total of approx 2500x2300 pixels.

  14. Brayton Isotope Power System. Phase I. (Ground demonstration system) Configuration Control Document (CCD)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The configuration control document (CCD) defines the BIPS-GDS configuration. The GDS configuration is similar to a conceptual flight system design, referred to as the BIPS-FS, which is discussed in App. I. The BIPS is being developed by ERDA as a 500 to 2000 W(e), 7-y life, space power system utilizing a closed Brayton cycle gas turbine engine to convert thermal energy (from an isotope heat source) to electrical energy at a net efficiency exceeding 25 percent. The CCD relates to Phase I of an ERDA Program to qualify a dynamic system for launch in the early 1980's. Phase I is a 35-month effort to provide an FS conceptual design and GDS design, fabrication, and test. The baseline is a 7-year life, 450-pound, 4800 W(t), 1300 W(e) system which will use two multihundred watt (MHW) isotope heat sources being developed

  15. Brayton Isotope Power System. Phase I. (Ground demonstration system) Configuration Control Document (CCD)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1976-03-15

    The configuration control document (CCD) defines the BIPS-GDS configuration. The GDS configuration is similar to a conceptual flight system design, referred to as the BIPS-FS, which is discussed in App. I. The BIPS is being developed by ERDA as a 500 to 2000 W(e), 7-y life, space power system utilizing a closed Brayton cycle gas turbine engine to convert thermal energy (from an isotope heat source) to electrical energy at a net efficiency exceeding 25 percent. The CCD relates to Phase I of an ERDA Program to qualify a dynamic system for launch in the early 1980's. Phase I is a 35-month effort to provide an FS conceptual design and GDS design, fabrication, and test. The baseline is a 7-year life, 450-pound, 4800 W(t), 1300 W(e) system which will use two multihundred watt (MHW) isotope heat sources being developed.

  16. Multicolour CCD Photometric Study of Galactic Star Clusters SAI 63 and SAI 75

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. K. S. Yadav; S. I. Leonova; R. Sagar; E. V. Glushkova

    2014-06-01

    We present CCD photometric observations obtained in the field of open clusters SAI 63 and SAI 75. CCD optical data obtained for the first time for these clusters are used to derive the fundamental parameters of the clusters. Stellar surface density profile indicates that radii of SAI 63 and SAI 75 are ∼ 3'.5 and 2'.5 respectively. The reddenings ( - ) are 0.44 ± 0.05 and 0.34 ± 0.05 mag for SAI 63 and SAI 75 respectively while the corresponding distances are 2.2 ± 0.2 and 3.5 ± 0.3 kpc. An age of 450 ± 50 Myr for SAI 63 and 90 ± 10 Myr for SAI 75 is determined using the theoretical isochrones of Z = 0.019. Our analysis shows that reddening law is normal towards SAI 75.

  17. Failure Analysis of CCD Image Sensors Using SQUID and GMR Magnetic Current Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felt, Frederick S.

    2005-01-01

    During electrical testing of a Full Field CCD Image Senor, electrical shorts were detected on three of six devices. These failures occurred after the parts were soldered to the PCB. Failure analysis was performed to determine the cause and locations of these failures on the devices. After removing the fiber optic faceplate, optical inspection was performed on the CCDs to understand the design and package layout. Optical inspection revealed that the device had a light shield ringing the CCD array. This structure complicated the failure analysis. Alternate methods of analysis were considered, including liquid crystal, light and thermal emission, LT/A, TT/A SQUID, and MP. Of these, SQUID and MP techniques were pursued for further analysis. Also magnetoresistive current imaging technology is discussed and compared to SQUID.

  18. Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy using a diode laser and CCD detector for tissue diagnostics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper surveys the possibility to observe high-quality NIR Raman spectra of both fluorescent and non-fluorescent samples with the use of a diode laser, a fibre optic sample, a single spectrometer and a charge-coupled device (CCD) detector. A shifted excitation difference technique was implemented for removing the broad-band fluorescence emission from Raman spectra of the highly fluorescent samples. Raman spectra of 1.4-dioxane, toluene, rhodamine 6G, and HITCI in the 640 to 1840 cm-1 spectral region and 1.4-dioxane and toluene in the 400 to 3400 cm-1 spectral region have been recorded. The results open the field of sensitive tissue characterisation and the possibility of optical biopsy in vivo by using NIR Raman spectroscopy with fibre optic sampling, a single spectrometer, and a CCD detector

  19. NIR area array CCD-based singlet oxygen luminescence imaging for photodynamic therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, a near-infrared CCD-based singlet oxygen luminescence two-dimensional imaging method is proposed to detect singlet oxygen by its 1270nm luminescence. Two-dimensional singlet oxygen images with its near-infrared luminescence during photosensitization could be obtained with a CCD integration time of 1s, without scanning. The data presented shows a linear relationship between the singlet oxygen luminescence intensity and sample concentration. This method provides a detection sensitivity of 0.00189mg/ml (Hematoporphyrin monomethyl Ether dissolved in ethanol) and a spatial resolution better than 100μm. We applied this method in vivo to demonstrate its potential in monitoring photodynamic therapy.

  20. Application of fast CCD drift scanning to speckle imaging of binary stars

    CERN Document Server

    Fors, O; Nuñez, J

    2004-01-01

    A new application of a fast CCD drift scanning technique that allows us to perform speckle imaging of binary stars is presented. For each observation, an arbitrary number of speckle frames is periodically stored on a computer disk, each with an appropriate exposure time given both atmospheric and instrumental considerations. The CCD charge is shifted towards the serial register and read out sufficiently rapidly to avoid an excessive amount of interframe dead time. Four well-known binary systems (ADS 755, ADS 2616, ADS 3711 and ADS 16836) are observed in to show the feasibility of the proposed technique. Bispectral data analysis and power spectrum fitting is carried out for each observation, yielding relative astrometry and photometry. A new approach for self-calibrating this analysis is also presented and validated. The proposed scheme does not require any additional electronic or optical hardware, so it should allow most small professional observatories and advanced amateurs to enjoy the benefits of diffract...

  1. Cooperative cataloging from the participants' point of view: a record of SUNY'S and Countway's experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onsi, P W; Pelosi, S J

    1970-04-01

    This paper describes the procedures and practices adopted for the cooperative cataloging program between NLM, Countway, and the Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse. Catalogers were trained by NLM, and the two libraries communicated data and queries by means of TWX and, later, IBM terminals. A description is given of how books are selected for cataloging, and details are given as to how conflicts in cataloging practice are settled. Further results of such cooperation are given, such as the addition of Upstate's holding symbol in Current Catalog. Statistics of work done are given, and impending changes are mentioned. PMID:5439903

  2. A declustered earthquake catalog for the Iranian Plateau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Hasan Mousavi-Bafrouei

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A unified catalog of earthquakes in Iran and adjacent regions (the area bounded in 22º-42ºN and 42º-66ºE covering the period of 4th century B.C. through 2012 with Mw≥4 is provided. The catalog includes all events for which magnitude have been determined by international agencies and most reliable individual sources. Since the recurrence time of maximum credible earthquake cannot be directly estimated from the mb, empirical formulae are established to convert mb to Ms, mb to Mw and Ms to Mw for each major seismotectonic province separately. The unified catalog is declustered using conjugated distance-time windows. In order to estimate completeness thresholds, magnitude-time (M-T diagram and Stepp’s method are applied on the declustered catalog for each seismotectonic province. The magnitude of completeness (Mc decreases with development of local and regional seismic stations. The results of present study are particularly important in seismic hazard analysis in Iran.

  3. The Second Swift BAT Gamma-Ray Burst Catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Sakamoto, T; Baumgartner, W H; Cummings, J R; Fenimore, E E; Gehrels, N; Krimm, H A; Markwardt, C B; Palmer, D M; Parsons, A M; Sato, G; Stamatikos, M; Tueller, J; Ukwatta, T N; Zhang, B

    2011-01-01

    We present the second Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) catalog of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), which contains 476 bursts detected by the BAT between 2004 December 19 and 2009 December 21. This catalog (hereafter the BAT2 catalog) presents burst trigger time, location, 90% error radius, duration, fluence, peak flux, time-averaged spectral parameters and time-resolved spectral parameters measured by the BAT. In the correlation study of various observed parameters extracted from the BAT prompt emission data, we distinguish among long-duration GRBs (L-GRBs), short-duration GRBs (S-GRBs), and short-duration GRBs with extended emission (S-GRBs with E.E.) to investigate differences in the prompt emission properties. The fraction of L-GRBs, S-GRBs and S-GRBs with E.E. in the catalog are 89%, 8% and 2% respectively. We compare the BAT prompt emission properties with the BATSE, BeppoSAX and HETE-2 GRB samples. We also correlate the observed prompt emission properties with the redshifts for the GRBs with known redshift. Th...

  4. Data Relationships: Towards a Conceptual Model of Scientific Data Catalogs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hourcle, J. A.

    2008-12-01

    As the amount of data, types of processing and storage formats increase, the total number of record permutations increase dramatically. The result is an overwhelming number of records that make identifying the best data object to answer a user's needs more difficult. The issue is further complicated as each archive's data catalog may be designed around different concepts - - anything from individual files to be served, series of similarly generated and processed data, or something entirely different. Catalogs may not only be flat tables, but may be structured as multiple tables with each table being a different data series, or a normalized structure of the individual data files. Merging federated search results from archives with different catalog designs can create situations where the data object of interest is difficult to find due to an overwhelming number of seemingly similar or entirely unwanted records. We present a reference model for discussing data catalogs and the complex relationships between similar data objects. We show how the model can be used to improve scientist's ability to quickly identify the best data object for their purposes and discuss technical issues required to use this model in a federated system.

  5. STAIRS: A Storage and Retrieval System Applied in Online Cataloging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poor, William

    1982-01-01

    Describes the use of IBM's Storage and Information Retrieval System (STAIRS) in the development of an online catalog for the Business and Technical Library of the Cummins Engine Company. The functions, advantages, and disadvantages of the system are outlined. A reference list and three sample searches are attached. (JL)

  6. Federating LHCb datasets using the DIRAC File catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Haen, Christophe; Frank, Markus; Tsaregorodtsev, Andrei

    2015-01-01

    In the distributed computing model of LHCb the File Catalog (FC) is a central component that keeps track of each file and replica stored on the Grid. It is federating the LHCb data files in a logical namespace used by all LHCb applications. As a replica catalog, it is used for brokering jobs to sites where their input data is meant to be present, but also by jobs for finding alternative replicas if necessary. The LCG File Catalog (LFC) used originally by LHCb and other experiments is now being retired and needs to be replaced. The DIRAC File Catalog (DFC) was developed within the framework of the DIRAC Project and presented during CHEP 2012. From the technical point of view, the code powering the DFC follows an Aspect oriented programming (AOP): each type of entity that is manipulated by the DFC (Users, Files, Replicas, etc) is treated as a separate 'concern' in the AOP terminology. Hence, the database schema can also be adapted to the needs of a Virtual Organization. LHCb opted for a highly tuned MySQL datab...

  7. Cross reference index for equipment catalog and evaluation guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MITRE has prepared for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission a Catalog of Physical Protection Equipment and a Guide for Evaluation of Physical Protection Equipment. The information contained in the volume includes reference material for both documents: a cross-reference index by manufacturer, a cross-reference index by equipment category, a list of manufacturers and a glossary of abbreviations and terms

  8. License - Society Catalog | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available sing this database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Ali...y Catalog © The Database Center for Life Science licensed under CC Attribution-Sh...are Alike 2.1 Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan is found here .

  9. Leveraging data lineage to infer logical relationships between astronomical catalogs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buddelmeijer, Hugo; Valentijn, Edwin A.

    2013-01-01

    A novel method to infer logical relationships between sets is presented. These sets can be any collection of elements, for example astronomical catalogs of celestial objects. The method does not require the contents of the sets to be known explicitly. It combines incomplete knowledge about the relat

  10. Listening Skills Materials for Visually Impaired Students: Catalog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alber, Bernadette

    The catalog lists 24 commercially available listening skills materials for visually impaired students. Materials were selected for inclusion by a committee of educators for the visually impaired; some materials may require minimal modification (such as transcribing answer sheets into braille). An introduction describes seven functional areas of…

  11. Manual for cataloging and indexing documents for database acquisition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwartz, S.R.; Phillips, S.L.; Perra, J.J.

    1978-07-01

    The descriptive cataloging and subject indexing rules and methodology needed to process bibliographic information for GRID database storage are documented. Data elements which may appear in a bibliographic record are tabulated. Examples of coded data entry forms are included in an appendix. Examples are given of unit records in the database corresponding to one bibliographic reference. (MHR)

  12. Cataloging Books Step by Step. CSLA Guide No. 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Ruth S.

    Designed as a beginning, how-to guide, this handbook lists 20 short steps to cataloging library materials for a church or synagogue library. The guide opens with a history and a brief explanation of the Dewey Decimal System, with special attention given to the divisions and subdivisions that fall under the category "Religion." Several references…

  13. Queering the Catalog: Queer Theory and the Politics of Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drabinski, Emily

    2013-01-01

    Critiques of hegemonic library classification structures and controlled vocabularies have a rich history in information studies. This project has pointed out the trouble with classification and cataloging decisions that are framed as objective and neutral but are always ideological and worked to correct bias in library structures. Viewing…

  14. Records and Access: Museum Registration and Library Cataloging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bierbaum, Esther Green

    1988-01-01

    Compares and contrasts museum registration and library cataloging processes, suggesting that differences in records management result from philosophical and historical differences. The feasibility and possible benefits of applying the competencies of library and information science to museum registration are discussed. (23 notes/references)…

  15. Use of a C.C.D. array in an X-ray pinhole camera

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    X-ray imaging adapted to the laser-matter interaction experiments consits in recording plasma images from its X-ray emission; those phenomena have between 100 ps and some nanoseconds duration. When we only need spatial information on 1-10 keV X-ray emission, the most simple imaging device is the pinhole camera; the two dimension image of the plasma is temporally integrated by an X-ray sensitive detector. Until now, X-ray film was used. Its operation and processing were long and tedious, so we replaced it by a television camera built around a Charge Coupled device (C.C.D.). This camera is directly integrated in the pinhole camera. The X-ray detection is made by the silicon substrat of a C.C.D. without input window working in the vacuum of the experiment chamber; a compact camera head (40 mm diameter, 120 mm length) located near the C.C.D. (1 to 2 cm) makes the charge voltage conversion and the signal amplification. The immediate operation of images is done by an image acquisition and processing unit after digitizing the video signal on 8 bits. From measurements made on a continuous X-ray source (5,4 keV) we could point out the fact that a THOMSON-CSF THX 31135 CCD is 10 times more sensitive than the X-ray SB2 KODAK film that we use in pinhole cameras. The dynamic range measured in these conditions was about 300. The first experimental results obtained on a pulsed X-ray source are presented

  16. The brighter-fatter effect and pixel correlations in CCD sensors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present evidence that spots imaged using astronomical CCDs do not exactly scale with flux: bright spots tend to be broader than faint ones, using the same illumination pattern. We measure that the linear size of spots or stars, of typical size 3 to 4 pixels FWHM, increase linearly with their flux by up to 2 % over the full CCD dynamic range. This brighter-fatter effect affects both deep-depleted and thinned CCD sensors. We propose that this effect is a direct consequence of the distortions of the drift electric field sourced by charges accumulated within the CCD during the exposure and experienced by forthcoming light-induced charges in the same exposure. The pixel boundaries then become slightly dynamical: overfilled pixels become increasingly smaller than their neighbors, so that bright star sizes, measured in number of pixels, appear larger than those of faint stars. This interpretation of the brighter-fatter effect implies that pixels in flat-fields should exhibit statistical correlations, sourced by Poisson fluctuations, that we indeed directly detect. We propose to use the measured correlations in flat-fields to derive how pixel boundaries shift under the influence of a given charge pattern, which allows us in turn to predict how star shapes evolve with flux. We show that, within the precision of our tests, we are able to quantitatively relate the correlations of flat-field pixels and the broadening of stars with flux. This physical model of the brighter-fatter effect also explains the commonly observed phenomenon that the spatial variance of CCD flat-fields increases less rapidly than their average

  17. A pnCCD-based, fast direct single electron imaging camera for TEM and STEM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on a new camera that is based on a pnCCD sensor for applications in scanning transmission electron microscopy. Emerging new microscopy techniques demand improved detectors with regards to readout rate, sensitivity and radiation hardness, especially in scanning mode. The pnCCD is a 2D imaging sensor that meets these requirements. Its intrinsic radiation hardness permits direct detection of electrons. The pnCCD is read out at a rate of 1,150 frames per second with an image area of 264 x 264 pixel. In binning or windowing modes, the readout rate is increased almost linearly, for example to 4000 frames per second at 4× binning (264 x 66 pixel). Single electrons with energies from 300 keV down to 5 keV can be distinguished due to the high sensitivity of the detector. Three applications in scanning transmission electron microscopy are highlighted to demonstrate that the pnCCD satisfies experimental requirements, especially fast recording of 2D images. In the first application, 65536 2D diffraction patterns were recorded in 70 s. STEM images corresponding to intensities of various diffraction peaks were reconstructed. For the second application, the microscope was operated in a Lorentz-like mode. Magnetic domains were imaged in an area of 256 x 256 sample points in less than 37 seconds for a total of 65536 images each with 264 x 132 pixels. Due to information provided by the two-dimensional images, not only the amplitude but also the direction of the magnetic field could be determined. In the third application, millisecond images of a semiconductor nanostructure were recorded to determine the lattice strain in the sample. A speed-up in measurement time by a factor of 200 could be achieved compared to a previously used camera system

  18. Comparison of a CCD and an APS for soft X-ray diffraction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We compare a new CMOS Active Pixel Sensor (APS) to a Princeton Instruments PIXIS-XO: 2048B Charge Coupled Device (CCD) with soft X-rays tested in a synchrotron beam line at the Diamond Light Source (DLS). Despite CCDs being established in the field of scientific imaging, APS are an innovative technology that offers advantages over CCDs. These include faster readout, higher operational temperature, in-pixel electronics for advanced image processing and reduced manufacturing cost. The APS employed was the Vanilla sensor designed by the MI3 collaboration and funded by an RCUK Basic technology grant. This sensor has 520 x 520 square pixels, of size 25 μm on each side. The sensor can operate at a full frame readout of up to 20 Hz. The sensor had been back-thinned, to the epitaxial layer. This was the first time that a back-thinned APS had been demonstrated at a beam line at DLS. In the synchrotron experiment soft X-rays with an energy of approximately 708 eV were used to produce a diffraction pattern from a permalloy sample. The pattern was imaged at a range of integration times with both sensors. The CCD had to be operated at a temperature of -55°C whereas the Vanilla was operated over a temperature range from 20°C to -10°C. We show that the APS detector can operate with frame rates up to two hundred times faster than the CCD, without excessive degradation of image quality. The signal to noise of the APS is shown to be the same as that of the CCD at identical integration times and the response is shown to be linear, with no charge blooming effects. The experiment has allowed a direct comparison of back thinned APS and CCDs in a real soft x-ray synchrotron experiment.

  19. Application of Model Derived Charge Transfer Inefficiency Corrections to STIS Photometric CCD Data

    OpenAIRE

    Bristow, Paul

    2003-01-01

    The STECF Calibration Enhancement effort for the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) aims to improve data calibration via the application of physical modelling techniques. As part of this effort we have developed a model of the STIS CCD readout process. The model itself is described in some detail in earlier ISRs. Here we consider the application to STIS photometric data. We demonstrate that this approach can successfully remove the trails typically seen in CTE affected data and go on...

  20. Application of Model Derived Charge Transfer Inefficiency Corrections to STIS Spectroscopic CCD Data

    OpenAIRE

    Bristow, Paul

    2003-01-01

    The ST-ECF Calibration Enhancement effort for the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) aims to improve data calibration via the application of physical modelling techniques. As part of this effort we have developed a model of the STIS CCD readout process. The model itself is described in some detail in earlier ISRs. Here we consider the application to STIS spectroscopic data. We find good agreement between the simulation derived corrections and empirical corrections for a range of back...

  1. Imaging the Moon II: Webcam CCD observations & analysis (a two week lab for non-majors)

    OpenAIRE

    Sato, Takashi

    2013-01-01

    Presented is a successful two week lab involving real sky observations of the Moon in which students make telescopic observations and analyze their own images. Originally developed around the 35 mm film camera as a common household object adapted for astronomical work, the lab transitioned to use the webcam as film photography evolved into an obscure specialty technology and increasing numbers of students had little familiarity with it. The printed circuit board with the CCD is harvested from...

  2. Novel plasma torch diagnostic method based on multiple exposition CCD and correlation analysis

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šonský, Jiří; Něnička, Václav

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 56, - (2006), B1371-B1376. ISSN 0011-4626. [Symposium on Plasma Physics and Technology /22./. Prague, 26.06.2006-29.06.2006] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA202/04/1341 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20570509 Keywords : plasma torch * CCD * correlation analysis Subject RIV: BL - Plasma and Gas Discharge Physics Impact factor: 0.568, year: 2006

  3. Dynamic monitoring of lake based on HJ-CCD Images: a case study of Poyang Lake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Dong; Huang, Haiqing; Gong, Fang; Zhu, Qiankun; Yang, Xuefei

    2014-11-01

    Lake ecological environment is changing, driving by natural and human factors, and in turn influence people's living and producing. Therefore, dynamic monitoring of lake based on remote sensing technologies will play an important role to the disaster prevention and reduction work of lakes. In this paper, we expounded a series of work to realized monitor Poyang Lake dynamically by using HJ-CCD images. First, we did pretreatment to all HJ-CCD images, which mainly contain geometric correction, atmospheric correlation, image clipping, etc. Then, based on different features between water and non-water in different index layers, we extracted the covered area by water in different times from the corresponding HJ-CCD images, and we also extracted the true area through visual interpretation method. After that, by combining the water boundaries and DEM, we also estimated water level and water capacity in different times. Results of our work showed that the mean absolute error of water area extracted through remote technologies is 5.57%. The relationship of remote sensing areas and visual interpretation areas could be described as Strue = 0.8757*Sinterp + 110.24, with R2 = 0.9807. Besides, there was obvious relationship between water area and water capacity of Poyang Lake too, and the relations can be described with linear function. Based on such results, we can realize the dynamic estimation of Poyang Lake's area and capacity from daily gotten HJ-CCD image which covers the District of Poyang Lake. In other words, the results of this paper can provide decision basis for Poyang Lake's real-time, dynamic, economic monitoring.

  4. CCD Measurements of Double and Multiple Stars at NAO Rozhen. IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boeva, S.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Using the 2 m telescope of the Bulgarian National Astronomical Observatory at Rozhen observations of 30 double or multiple stars were carried out during two half nights on July 20and 21, 2009. This is the fourth series of measurements of CCD frames of double and multiple stars obtained at Rozhen. In this paper we present the results for the position angle and separation for 23 double and 5 multiple stars (35 pairs which could have been measured.

  5. A pnCCD-based, fast direct single electron imaging camera for TEM and STEM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryll, H.; Simson, M.; Hartmann, R.; Holl, P.; Huth, M.; Ihle, S.; Kondo, Y.; Kotula, P.; Liebel, A.; Müller-Caspary, K.; Rosenauer, A.; Sagawa, R.; Schmidt, J.; Soltau, H.; Strüder, L.

    2016-04-01

    We report on a new camera that is based on a pnCCD sensor for applications in scanning transmission electron microscopy. Emerging new microscopy techniques demand improved detectors with regards to readout rate, sensitivity and radiation hardness, especially in scanning mode. The pnCCD is a 2D imaging sensor that meets these requirements. Its intrinsic radiation hardness permits direct detection of electrons. The pnCCD is read out at a rate of 1,150 frames per second with an image area of 264 x 264 pixel. In binning or windowing modes, the readout rate is increased almost linearly, for example to 4000 frames per second at 4× binning (264 x 66 pixel). Single electrons with energies from 300 keV down to 5 keV can be distinguished due to the high sensitivity of the detector. Three applications in scanning transmission electron microscopy are highlighted to demonstrate that the pnCCD satisfies experimental requirements, especially fast recording of 2D images. In the first application, 65536 2D diffraction patterns were recorded in 70 s. STEM images corresponding to intensities of various diffraction peaks were reconstructed. For the second application, the microscope was operated in a Lorentz-like mode. Magnetic domains were imaged in an area of 256 x 256 sample points in less than 37 seconds for a total of 65536 images each with 264 x 132 pixels. Due to information provided by the two-dimensional images, not only the amplitude but also the direction of the magnetic field could be determined. In the third application, millisecond images of a semiconductor nanostructure were recorded to determine the lattice strain in the sample. A speed-up in measurement time by a factor of 200 could be achieved compared to a previously used camera system.

  6. Discriminative Channel Selection Method for the Recognition of Anticipation related Potentials from CCD estimated Cortical Activity

    OpenAIRE

    Garipelli, Gangadhar; Chavarriaga, Ricardo; Cincotti, Febo; Babiloni, Fabio; Millán, José Del R

    2009-01-01

    Recognition of brain states and subject's intention from electroencephalogram (EEG) is a challenging problem for brain-computer interaction. Signals recorded from each of EEG electrodes represent noisy spatio-temporal overlapping of activity arising from very diverse brain regions. However, un-mixing methods such as Cortical Current Density (CCD) can be used for estimating activity of different brain regions. These methods not only improve spatial resolution but also signal to noise ratio, h...

  7. Improving Data Catalogs with Free and Open Source Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweitzer, R.; Hankin, S.; O'Brien, K.

    2013-12-01

    The Global Earth Observation Integrated Data Environment (GEO-IDE) is NOAA's effort to successfully integrate data and information with partners in the national US-Global Earth Observation System (US-GEO) and the international Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). As part of the GEO-IDE, the Unified Access Framework (UAF) is working to build momentum towards the goal of increased data integration and interoperability. The UAF project is moving towards this goal with an approach that includes leveraging well known and widely used standards, as well as free and open source software. The UAF project shares the widely held conviction that the use of data standards is a key ingredient necessary to achieve interoperability. Many community-based consensus standards fail, though, due to poor compliance. Compliance problems emerge for many reasons: because the standards evolve through versions, because documentation is ambiguous or because individual data providers find the standard inadequate as-is to meet their special needs. In addition, minimalist use of standards will lead to a compliant service, but one which is of low quality. In this presentation, we will be discussing the UAF effort to build a catalog cleaning tool which is designed to crawl THREDDS catalogs, analyze the data available, and then build a 'clean' catalog of data which is standards compliant and has a uniform set of data access services available. These data services include, among others, OPeNDAP, Web Coverage Service (WCS) and Web Mapping Service (WMS). We will also discuss how we are utilizing free and open source software and services to both crawl, analyze and build the clean data catalog, as well as our efforts to help data providers improve their data catalogs. We'll discuss the use of open source software such as DataNucleus, Thematic Realtime Environmental Distributed Data Services (THREDDS), ncISO and the netCDF Java Common Data Model (CDM). We'll also demonstrate how we are

  8. LAIWO: a new wide-field CCD camera for Wise Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumeister, Harald; Afonso, Cristina; Marien, Karl-Heinz; Klein, Ralf

    2006-06-01

    LAIWO is a new CCD wide-field camera for the 40-inch Ritchey-Chretien telescope at Wise Observatory in Mitzpe Ramon/Israel. The telescope is identical to the 40-in. telescope at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile, which is described in [2]. LAIWO was designed and built at Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy in Heidelberg, Germany. The scientific aim of the instrument is to detect Jupiter-sized extra-solar planets around I=14-15 magnitude stars with the transit method, which relies on the temporary drop in brightness of the parent star harboring the planet. LAIWO can observe a 1.4 x 1.4 degree field-of-view and has four CCDs with 4096*4096 pixels each The Fairchild Imaging CCDs have a pixel size of 15 microns. Since they are not 2-side buttable, they are arranged with spacings between the chips that is equal to the size of a single CCD minus a small overlap. The CCDs are cooled by liquid nitrogen to a temperature of about -100 °C. The four science CCDs and the guider CCD are mounted on a common cryogenic plate which can be adjusted in three degrees of freedom. Each of these detectors can also be adjusted independently by a similar mechanism. The instrument contains large shutter and filter mechanisms, both designed in a modular way for fast exchange and easy maintenance.

  9. A simple, low-cost, versatile CCD spectrometer for plasma spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors have constructed a simple, low-cost CCD spectrometer capable of both high resolution (Δλ ≤ 0.015 nm) and large bandpass (110 nm with Δλ ∼0.3 nm). These two modes of operation provide two broad areas of capability for plasma spectroscopy. The first major application is measurement of emission line broadening; the second is emission line surveys from the ultraviolet to the near infrared. Measurements have been made on a low-temperature plasma produced by a miniature electrostatic plasma source and the high-temperature plasma in the MST Reversed-Field Pinch. The spectrometer is a modified Jarrell-Ash 0.5 m Ebert-Fastie monochromator. Light is coupled into the entrance slit with a fused silica fiber optic bundle. The exposure time (2 ms minimum) is controlled by a fast electromechanical shutter. The exit plane detector is a compact and robust CCD detector developed for amateur astronomy by Santa Barbara Instrument Group. The CCD detector is controlled and read out by a Macintosh reg-sign computer. This spectrometer is sophisticated enough to serve well in a research laboratory, yet is simple and inexpensive enough to be affordable for instructional use

  10. Evaluation of diagnostic ability of CCD digital radiography in the detection of incipient dental caries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the diagnostic ability of a CCD-based digital system (CDX-2000HQ) in the detection of incipient dental caries. 93 extracted human teeth with sound proximal surfaces and interproximal artificial cavities were radiographed using 4 imaging methods. Automatically processed No.2 Insight film (Eastman Kodak Co., U.S.A.) was used for conventional radiography, scanned images of conventional radiograms for indirect digital radiography were used. For the direct digital radiography, the CDX-2000HQ CCD system (Biomedisys Co. Korea) was used. The subtraction images were made from two direct digital images by Sunny program in the CDX-2000HQ system. Two radiologists and three endodontists examined the presence of lesions using a five-point confidence scale and compared the diagnostic ability by ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic) analysis and one way ANOVA test. The mean ROC areas of conventional radiography, indirect digital radiography, direct digital radiography, and digital subtraction radiography were 0.9093, 0.9102, 0.9184, and 0.9056, respectively. The diagnostic ability of direct digital radiography was better than the other imaging modalities, but there were no statistical differences among these imaging modalities (p>0.05). These results indicate that new CCD-based digital systems (CDX-2000HQ) have the potential to serve as an alternative to conventional radiography in the detection of incipient dental caries.

  11. CCD [charge-coupled device] sensors in synchrotron x-ray detectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The intense photon flux from advanced synchrotron light sources, such as the 7-GeV synchrotron being designed at Argonne, require integrating-type detectors. Charge-coupled devices (CCDs) are well suited as synchrotron x-ray detectors. When irradiated indirectly via a phosphor followed by reducing optics, diffraction patterns of 100 cm2 can be imaged on a 2 cm2 CCD. With a conversion efficiency of ∼1 CCD electron/x-ray photon, a peak saturation capacity of >106 x rays can be obtained. A programmable CCD controller operating at a clock frequency of 20 MHz has been developed. The readout rate is 5 x 106 pixels/s and the shift rate in the parallel registers is 106 lines/s. The test detector was evaluated in two experiments. In protein crystallography diffraction patterns have been obtained from a lysozyme crystal using a conventional rotating anode x-ray generator. Based on these results we expect to obtain at a synchrotron diffraction images at the rate of ∼1 frame/s or a complete 3-dimensional data set from a single crystal in ∼2 min. 16 refs., 16 figs., 2 tabs

  12. Comparison of lens- and fiber-coupled CCD detectors for X-ray computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lens- and fiber-coupled X-ray detectors with identical CCD chips were compared in their performance in high-resolution computed tomography experiments. X-ray imaging detectors with an identical phosphor and a CCD chip but employing lens- and fiber-coupling between them have been compared. These are designed for X-ray imaging experiments, especially computed tomography, at the medium-length beamline at the SPring-8 synchrotron radiation facility. It was found that the transmittance of light to the CCD is about four times higher in the fiber-coupled detector. The uniformity of response in the lens-coupled detector has a global shading of up to 40%, while pixel-to-pixel variation owing to a chicken-wire pattern was dominant in the fiber-coupled detector. Apart from the higher transmittance, the fiber-coupled detector has a few characteristics that require attention when it is used for computed tomography, which are browning of the fiber, discontinuity in the image, image distortion, and dark spots in the chicken-wire pattern. Thus, it is most suitable for high-speed tomography of samples that tend to deform, for example biological and soft materials

  13. Novel driver method to improve ordinary CCD frame rate for high-speed imaging diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Tong-Ding; Li, Bin-Kang; Yang, Shao-Hua; Guo, Ming-An; Yan, Ming

    2016-06-01

    The use of ordinary Charge-coupled-Device (CCD) imagers for the analysis of fast physical phenomenon is restricted because of the low-speed performance resulting from their long output times. Even though the form of Intensified-CCD (ICCD), coupled with a gated image intensifier, has extended their use for high speed imaging, the deficiency remains to be solved that ICDD could record only one image in a single shot. This paper presents a novel driver method designed to significantly improve the ordinary interline CCD burst frame rate for high-speed photography. This method is based on the use of vertical registers as storage, so that a small number of additional frames comprised of reduced-spatial-resolution images obtained via a specific sampling operation can be buffered. Hence, the interval time of the received series of images is related to the exposure and vertical transfer times only and, thus, the burst frame rate can be increased significantly. A prototype camera based on this method is designed as part of this study, exhibiting a burst rate of up to 250,000 frames per second (fps) and a capacity to record three continuous images. This device exhibits a speed enhancement of approximately 16,000 times compared with the conventional speed, with a spatial resolution reduction of only 1/4.

  14. Large area high-resolution CCD-based X-ray detector for macromolecular crystallography

    CERN Document Server

    Pokric, M; Jorden, A R; Cox, M P; Marshall, A; Long, P G; Moon, K; Jerram, P A; Pool, P; Nave, C; Derbyshire, G E; Helliwell, J R

    2002-01-01

    An X-ray detector system for macromolecular crystallography based on a large area charge-coupled device (CCD) sensor has been developed as part of a large research and development programme for advanced X-ray sensor technology, funded by industry and the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC) in the UK. The prototype detector consists of two large area three-sides buttable charge-coupled devices (CCD 46-62 EEV), where the single CCD area is 55.3 mmx41.5 mm. Overall detector imaging area is easily extendable to 85 mmx110 mm. The detector consists of an optically coupled X-ray sensitive phosphor, skewed fibre-optic studs and CCDs. The crystallographic measurement requirements at synchrotron sources are met through a high spatial resolution (2048x1536 pixel array), high dynamic range (approx 10 sup 5), a fast readout (approx 1 s), low noise (<10e sup -) and much reduced parallax error. Additionally, the prototype detector system has been optimised by increasing its efficiency at low X-ray ene...

  15. The ARGOS wavefront sensor pnCCD camera for an ELT: characteristics, limitations and applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Xivry, G. Orban; Ihle, S.; Ziegleder, J.; Barl, L.; Hartmann, R.; Rabien, S.; Soltau, H.; Strueder, L.

    2011-09-01

    From low-order to high-order AO, future wave front sensors on ELTs require large, fast, and low-noise detectors with high quantum efficiency and low dark current. While a detector for a high-order Shack-Hartmann WFS does not exist yet, the current CCD technology pushed to its limits already provides several solutions for the ELT AO detector requirements. One of these devices is the new WFS pnCCD camera of ARGOS, the Ground-Layer Adaptive Optics system (GLAO) for LUCIFER at LBT. Indeed, with its 264x264 pixels, 48 mu m pixel size and 1kHz frame rate, this camera provides a technological solution to different needs of the AO systems for ELTs, such as low-order but as well possibly higher order correction using pyramid wavefront sensing. In this contribution, we present the newly developped WFS pnCCD camera of ARGOS and how it fulfills future detector needs of AO on ELTs.

  16. Flat-Field Calibration of CCD Detector for Long Trace Profilers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The next generation of synchrotrons and free electron lasers requires x-ray optical systems with extremely high-performance, generally, of diffraction limited quality. Fabrication and use of such optics requires highly accurate metrology. In the present paper, we discuss a way to improve the performance of the Long Trace Profiler (LTP), a slope measuring instrument widely used at synchrotron facilities to characterize x-ray optics at high-spatial-wavelengths from approximately 2 mm to 1 m. One of the major sources of LTP systematic error is the detector. For optimal functionality, the detector has to possess the smallest possible pixel size/spacing, a fast method of shuttering, and minimal non-uniformity of pixel-to-pixel photoresponse. While the first two requirements are determined by choice of detector, the non-uniformity of photoresponse of typical detectors such as CCD cameras is around 2-3 percent. We describe a flat-field calibration setup specially developed for calibration of CCD camera photo-response and dark current with an accuracy of better than 0.5 percent. Such accuracy is adequate for use of a camera as a detector for an LTP with performance of ∼0.1 microradian (rms). We also present the design details of the calibration system and results of calibration of a DALSA CCD camera used for upgrading our LTP-II instrument at the ALS Optical Metrology Laboratory

  17. Development of the analog ASIC for multi-channel readout X-ray CCD camera

    CERN Document Server

    Nakajima, Hiroshi; Idehara, Toshihiro; Anabuki, Naohisa; Tsunemi, Hiroshi; Doty, John P; Ikeda, Hirokazu; Katayama, Haruyoshi; Kitamura, Hisashi; Uchihori, Yukio; 10.1016/j.nima.2010.12.174

    2011-01-01

    We report on the performance of an analog application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) developed aiming for the front-end electronics of the X-ray CCDcamera system onboard the next X-ray astronomical satellite, ASTRO-H. It has four identical channels that simultaneously process the CCD signals. Distinctive capability of analog-to-digital conversion enables us to construct a CCD camera body that outputs only digital signals. As the result of the front-end electronics test, it works properly with low input noise of =<30 uV at the pixel rate below 100 kHz. The power consumption is sufficiently low of about 150 mW/chip. The input signal range of 720 mV covers the effective energy range of the typical X-ray photon counting CCD (up to 20 keV). The integrated non-linearity is 0.2% that is similar as those of the conventional CCDs in orbit. We also performed a radiation tolerance test against the total ionizing dose (TID) effect and the single event effect. The irradiation test using 60Co and proton beam showed ...

  18. Cooling System for a Frame-Store PN-CCD Detector for Low Background Application

    CERN Document Server

    Pereira, H; Santos Silva, P; Kuster, M; Lang, P

    2012-01-01

    The astroparticle physics experiment CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) aims to detect hypothetical axions or axion-like particles produced in the Sun by the Primakoff process. A Large Hadron Collider (LHC) prototype superconducting dipole magnet provides a 9 T transverse magnetic field for the conversion of axions into detectable X-ray photons. These photons are detected with an X-ray telescope and a novel type of frame-store CCD detector built from radio-pure materials, installed in the optics focal plane. A novel type of cooling system has been designed and built based on krypton-filled cryogenic heat pipes, made out of oxygen-free radiopure copper, and a Stirling cryocooler as cold source. The heat pipes provide an efficient thermal coupling between the cryocooler and the CCD which is kept at stable temperatures between 150 and 230 K within an accuracy of 0.1 K. A graded-Z radiation shield, also serving as a gas cold-trap operated at 120 K, is implemented to reduce the surface contamination of the CCD wind...

  19. Design of measurement system for low illuminance CCD's key performance parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Xiao-peng; Du, Juan; Wang, Yang

    2013-08-01

    As an important photovoltaic detector in the night vision imaging systems, some main performance parameters decide the properties of the low illuminance CCDs greatly including noise, quantum effects, dynamic range and dark current, and it is necessary to design a measurement system to measure the performance parameters of the low illuminance CCD. This article designs a set of low illuminance CCD chips' performance parameter measurement system, which is consisted of five parts including adjustable monochromatic light source, integrating sphere-darkroom, Dewar control chamber, main control circuit and the master computer software for automatic measurement. By persistent demonstration, the performance parameters measurement system which is focused on the low illuminance CCD proposed in this paper has the advantages of compact, good compatibility, theoretical measurement precision and fully automated measurement etc.The appropriate equipment and instruments are selected in this measurement system. And the connections of each subsystem are designed independently, which guarantees the tightness of the total system, eliminate the effects of stray light at the same time and improves the measurement accuracy of the system. Besides, this measurement system solves the generation of monochromatic light, and the measurement of low illuminance CCDs at a low temperature.

  20. Pixel-Based CTI Corrections for HST/STIS CCD Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biretta, John A.; Lockwood, Sean A.; Debes, John H.

    2016-01-01

    The Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) team at STScI has created stand-alone automated software to apply Charge Transfer Inefficiency (CTI) corrections to STIS CCD data. CTI results from radiation damage to the CCD detector during its many years in the space environment on-board the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The software will remove trails and other image artifacts caused by CTI, and will help correct target fluxes and positions to their proper values. The software script (stis_cti v1.0) uses a pixel-based correction algorithm, and will correct both images and spectra. It automatically generates CTI corrected dark reference files, applies CTI corrections to the science data, and outputs the usual CALSTIS products with CTI corrections applied. Currently only the most common observation modes are supported -- full-frame, non-binned data, taken with the default CCD amplifier; future enhancements may include sub-array data. It is available free to the community for download and use. Further information can be found at www.stsci.edu/hst/stis/software/analyzing/scripts/pixel_based_CTI.